WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Education digital libraries management  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose – This work aims to report the experience of implementing a university digital library by introducing all the technical/administrative and scientific production in the education field. Design/methodology/approach – The paper describes the process of conception, information architecture, the steps and methodology for structuring and establishing of the Digital Library of the Faculty of Education of the State University of Campinas (BDE – FE/UNICAMP), with the partnership of the U...

Santos, Gildenir Carolino; Passos, Rosemary; Ribeiro, Ce?lia Maria

2008-01-01

2

Chemical Education Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Kako bi se poboljšali pojedini aspekti obrazovanja, uvode se inovacije u obliku e-obrazovanja. Nastavni materijali dostupni su na internetu, a javljaju se i brojni programi obrazovanja na daljinu. Chemical Education Digital Library – ChemEd DL je poslužitelj koji okuplja materijale namijenjene obrazovanju u podru?ju kemije.

2008-01-01

3

Educational Data Mining Approaches for Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This collaborative research project between the Exploratorium and Utah State's Department of Instructional Technology and Learning Sciences investigates online evaluation approaches and the application of educational data mining to educational digital libraries and services. Much work over the past decades has focused on developing algorithms and methods for discovering patterns in large datasets, known as Knowledge Discovery from Data (KDD). Webmetrics, the application of KDD to web usage mi...

2009-01-01

4

Digital teaching library (DTL) development for radiography education  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Having access to a library of radiological images in the university setting is important for teaching and learning in diagnostic radiography. Modern modalities such as PETCT create data volumes rather than single static 2D images. A PACS repository of images alone does not constitute a teaching library without some text based searchable index. A review of several options for acquiring a digital teaching library (DTL) of such indexed DICOM data is presented. Discussion: The data protection principles, current guidance and potential methods for migrating and cleansing large quantities of DICOM data from a clinical PACS prior to transfer to a university setting is discussed. The chosen method is described and the important enabling technology identified. Various methods of index construction are outlined and a method of migrating and cleansing HL7 data from a clinical RIS described. Results: Three terabytes of de-normalised DICOM image files were cleansed of patient, staff and geographic identifiers, within the header tags and pixel data. These files were then migrated to an educational PACS hosted at a university. A searchable index database was created based on 90,200 reports and associated data, and 886,263 DICOM headers to enable meaningful results to be found from the 51,304 unique patient specific cases. Conclusion: A large DTL in the university setting using PACS technology is becoming a valuable resource for teaching, learning and assessment.

2012-05-01

5

? ICT ????????????????????? A reflection on digital library education from ICT extended information services perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ??????(ICT???????????,??????????????????,??????????????????,????????????,??????????????????????????,?????????????????????????,????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????,?????????ICT?????????,?????;??????????,??ICT?????,??????????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????,????ICT???,??ICT??????;????????,???ICT????????,???????????,???????ICT????????????????,?????????,?????????,???ICT???????????This paper argues the legitimacy of current digital library related curriculum to support the ICT extended information services, such as online references, online library instruction, information literacy education, etc.In order to understand what has been taught in Digital Library related courses, it first collected and analyzed digital library related curriculum in LIS programs in Taiwan. In order to understand the current information services issues, it collected and analyzed the titles of 2002 and 2008 Off-campus information services conference proceedings.The research findings reveal that Digital Library courses are not required but selected in all programs.The content of which is between an introductory and architecture base.Skills and training for ICT extended information services are found not the focus of current Digital Library education. On the other hand, the off-campus conferences show a broad need and issues for information services, such as library instruction, information literacy education, and research literacy, etc.The findings suggest a discern review on future DL curriculum design to take into consideration of skills and training on ICT extended information services issues.

Mei-Mei Wu

2010-10-01

6

Chemical Education Digital Library (ChemEd DL)  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemEd DL provides exemplary digital resources, tools, and online services to aid in teaching and learning chemistry by offering access to multiple collections and services from the the Journal of Chemical Education, the American Chemical Society Education Division and the ChemCollective. Major resources center on the periodic table and properties of the elements, molecular and solid-state structures, videos showing chemical reactions, questions for homework and quizzes, virtual laboratories, and wiki-based textbooks. Major services include a course-management system (Moodle) into which resources are easily added, a tool for organizing wiki-textbooks into course units, and a series of high-school-chemistry lesson plans incorporating online resources.

2008-12-10

7

Digital (Library Services) and (Digital Library) Services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper is an exploration of digital library services, in both possible senses: services provided digitally by physical libraries, and services provided by digital libraries. Services, regardless of the environment in which they are provided, break down into services performed on materials (technical services) and services provided to individual users and communities of users (public services). Both traditional and new services are discussed as a means for exploring the question of what a ...

2008-01-01

8

Current State of Digital Reference in Primary and Secondary Education; The Technological Challenges of digital Reference; Question Negotiation and the Technological Environment; Evaluation of Chat Reference Service Quality; Visual Resource Reference: Collaboration between Digital Museums and Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes five articles that discuss digital reference in elementary and secondary education; the need to understand the technological environment of digital reference; question negotiation in digital reference; a pilot study that evaluated chat reference service quality; and collaborative digital museum and digital library reference services. (LRW)

Lankes, R. David; Penka, Jeffrey T.; Janes, Joseph; Silverstein, Joanne; White, Marilyn Domas; Abels, Eileen G.; Kaske, Neal; Goodrum, Abby A.

2003-01-01

9

Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Project Office  

Science.gov (United States)

... community-based electronic library dedicated to improving the quality, quantity, and efficiency of ... their purposes and be assured of their high quality. DLESE is a product of the wide recognition of ...

10

Digital library conformance checklist  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This booklet is abstracted and abridged from "The Digital Library Reference Model"- D3.2 DL.org Project Deliverable. The check list is designed to verify whether or not a digital library conforms to the Digital Library Reference Model.

Ross, Seamus; Castelli, Donatella; Ioannidis, Yannis; Vullo, Giuseppina; Innocenti, Perla; Candela, Leonardo; Nika, Ana; El Raheb, Katerina; Katifori, Akrivi

2011-01-01

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Educação e bibliotecas digitais / Education and digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Com o avanço vertiginoso das tecnologias de comunicação e da informática, o mundo presencia o surgimento de uma nova sociedade, onde a informação se faz onipresente, mudando nossa forma de pensar e agir. A Sociedade da Informação não é só um fenômeno tecnológico, tem repercussão política, econômica, educacional e cultural.Destacamos, dentre os aspectos educacionais, o surgimento da biblioteca digital e seu papel como provedora de acesso à informação digital. Este artigo tem como objetivo fazer um recorte na literatura sobre a biblioteca digital e educação, onde foi percebida a ausência de bibliotecas escolares digitais, em Portugal e também no Brasil, fato que evidencia uma lacuna no sistema educacional dos referidos países.

Cassia Furtado

2010-01-01

12

Digital Libraries: An Overview.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides an overview of the basic components of a digital library. Highlights include library collections; metadata; services, including information seeking and retrieval, reference query fulfillment, and user training; user interaction with digital libraries, including searching, browsing, and navigation; economic support; maintenance;…

Schwartz, Candy

2000-01-01

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Essential competencies of an information professional working in a digital library environment, in the opinions of Norwegian and Thai library and information science educators  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Essential competencies required of an information professional to work in the digital environment have been a significant discussion topic the Library and Information science (LIS) world. Both in Norway and Thailand, one of the issues discussed by LIS educators and librarians in several discussions on LIS curriculum development is the competencies required for an information professional to be effective and efficient working in the library, archive, museum and related areas in this digital er...

Nonthacumjane, Pussadee

2010-01-01

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Googlizing a Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article describes how we dramatically increased access to our content through the use of sitemap files and sets of browsable links. Digital libraries, when characterized by search and retrieval capabilities, are normally part of the Deep Web, inaccessible to general web crawlers and hence to generalized search engines such as Google. Yet the primary goals of digital libraries include enhancing accessibility, expanding one's audience to the general public, and promoting the library. Lever...

Jody DeRidder

2008-01-01

15

On digital library foundations  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The cultural infrastructure provides for the transmission of culture from creators to audiences. The access to this infrastructure is the key issue. The network technology will radically transform the interaction with knowledge. The base infrastructure will be knowledge networks rather than data networks. Digital libraries would become the universal knowledge repositories and communication conduits of the future. These digital libraries should enable any citizen to access human knowledge any ...

Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; Fox, Edward A.; Ioannidis, Yannis

2010-01-01

16

The Ambient Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Conventional digital libraries increasingly support remote access from mobile devices. However, the archetypical mobile user differs from the conventional user in a number of aspects; of these the most important is context. Synonymous with mobile computing is the context concept, and factoring the availability of select contextual elements into the design of digital libraries offers significant opportunities for adapting and personalising services for the mobile computing community. This pape...

O Grady, Michael J.; O Hare, G. M. P.

2012-01-01

17

Virtual digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital libraries represent the meeting places for knowledge providers and knowledge consumers supporting and enhancing the process through which knowledge is created, used, and discovered. The demand for digital libraries is worldwide strong. These complex systems can offer a richer set of functionality than that initially expected and are able to transform the way in which joint research is conducted, thus responding to the requirements of a great number of research communities. In fact, no...

Candela, Leonardo

2006-01-01

18

Database Technology in Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews issues relating to database technology and digital libraries. Highlights include resource sharing; ongoing digital library projects; metadata; user interfaces; query processing; interoperability; data quality; copyright infringement; and managerial implications, including electronic versus printed materials, accessibility,…

Preston, Carole; Lin, Binshan

2002-01-01

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Digital libraries applications CBIR, education, social networks, eScience/simulation, and GIS  

CERN Document Server

Digital libraries (DLs) have evolved since their launch in 1991 into an important type of information system, with widespread application. This volume advances that trend further by describing new research and development in the DL field that builds upon the 5S (Societies, Scenarios, Spaces, Structures, Streams) framework, which is discussed in three other DL volumes in this series.While the 5S framework may be used to describe many types of information systems, and is likely to have even broader utility and appeal, we focus here on digital libraries.Drawing upon six (Akbar, Kozievitch, Leidig

Fox, Edward A

2014-01-01

20

Perseus Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Planning for the Perseus Digital Library began in 1985, and they have made a series of ambitious changes, additions, and transformations over the past several decades. The Library is best known for their coverage of the history, literature, and culture of the Greco-Roman world. They recently unveiled this new website, and it is well worth a look. Along the top of the homepage, visitors will find sections such as "Collections", "Art & Arch", and "Publications". In the "Collections" area visitors will find thousands of primary and secondary sources for the study of ancient Greece and Rome, along with a number of resources on early modern English literature and life in the 19th century United States. The "Art & Arch" area contains an impressive library of art objects that includes over 1500 vases, 1400 sculptures, and approximately 500 coins. Additionally, the "Publications" area includes work that discusses the process of creating the Perseus collection and its related databases.

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Digital Libraries on the Internet.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses digital libraries on the Internet. The resource repository hierarchy, consisting of two major paradigms, search engines (SEs) and digital libraries, is presented. SEs are classified into three categories: basic-SE, directory, and meta-SE. The following six major characteristics of a library are summarized: collection of data…

Sharon, Taly; Frank, Ariel J.

22

The DELOS Digital Library Reference Model - Foundations for Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The digital library universe is a complex framework. The growth and evolution of this framework in terms of approaches, solutions and systems, has led to the need of common foundations capable to set the ground for better understanding, communicating, and stimulating further evolutions in this area. The DELOS Digital Library Reference Model aims at contributing to the creation of such foundations. It exploits the collective understanding that has been acquired on Digital Libraries by European...

Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; Ferro, Nicola; Koutrika, Georgia; Meghini, Carlo; Ioannidis, Yannis; Pagano, Pasquale; Ross, Seamus; Soergel, Dagobert; Agosti, Maristella; Dobreva, Milena; Katifori, Vivi; Schuldt, Heiko

2007-01-01

23

International Children's Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission of the International Children's Digital Library is "to have every culture and language represented so that every child can know and appreciate the riches of children's literature from the world community." It's a lofty goal indeed, and by looking over their website, visitors will find that they are well on their way to achieving this goal. So far, they have placed hundreds of books online, and visitors can click on "Read Books" to check out the fruits of their labors. Here they will find a selection of featured books, along with a drop-down menu that lets users look for books in dozens of languages. Of course, visitors can also click on a range of thematic listings, such as "real animal characters", "picture books", and "kid characters". Visitors can also learn how they can contribute to the ongoing work of the Library, and they may also wish to sign up for a free account while they are here.

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Supporting Relationships in Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The motivation for this work is based on two recognized research issues for digital libraries. One is the need for interlinked and semantically rich information spaces where relationship information is of particular importance. The other is the serviceoriented architecture of digital libraries. The digital libraries of the future will consist of smaller and independent systems that each will provide different functionality and access to different contents.

This w...

Aalberg, Trond

2003-01-01

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THE NSF National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program; Software for Building a Full-Featured Discipline-Based Web Portal; A Metadata Framework Developed at the Tsinghua University Library To Aid in the Preservation of Digital Resources; A Scalable Architecture for Harvest-Based Digital Libraries; The Design and Evaluation of Interactivities in a Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes five articles that discuss digital library programs related to the National Science Foundation; software for building Web portals; metadata developed at Tsinghua University Library (China) for preserving digital resources; the Open Archives Initiative for metadata and the need for a common infrastructure; and interactivity in a digital…

Zia, Lee L.; Almasy, Edward; Sleasman, David; Bower, Rachael; Niu, Jingfang; Liu, Xiaoming; Maly, Kurt; Zubair, Mohammad; Nelson, Michael L.; Brody, Tim; Harnard, Stevan; Carr, Les; Budhu, Muniram; Coleman, Anita

2002-01-01

26

The Huntington Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This wide-ranging collection from the Huntington Library brings together well over 100,000 items from its prodigious physical collection, which includes 7 million manuscripts, 1.3 million photographs, and prints. As the homepage of its digital collections, this site includes Maps, Rare Books, and Southern California Edison Photographs and Negatives. This last collection offers over 70,000 items from the photographic archive of the electricity supply company, Southern California Edison. The topics covered here alone are exhaustive and range from employee gatherings, streetscapes, advertisements, and small businesses. Another area that should not be missed is the collection of photographs by Maynard L. Parker who documented well-known and lesser-known homes all around Los Angeles and Southern California from the 1930s to the 1970s.

27

Parameters in Designing and Evaluating Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: There was always suspicion regarding concept and frameworks of digital libraries concepts such as electronic library, virtual library, without wall library, hybrid library and digital library have applied often together, or for each other for conveying library concept. Studies have shown that so far there is no standard and universal accepted definition for digital libraries, however Digital Library Federation (DLF) has a definition that is most accepted and cited definition. Th...

2010-01-01

28

The digital library: an oxymoron?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"Virtual libraries" and "digital libraries" have become stock phrases of our times. But what do they really mean? While digital refers to a new form of document encoding and must be approached from that perspective, virtual resonates with aspects that modern philosophy treats with benign neglect at best. The word virtual harbors the notion of potential, and therein lies its hidden strength. Although strong commercial interests try to use the shift to a digital environment to redefine the poli...

Gue?don, J. C.

1999-01-01

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World Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

On-line presentation and site-demonstration delivered at the Symposium 'Out of the e-Box' held 19 and 20 September 2012, at the Carnegie Centre for Library Leadership and Training, Merensky II Library, University of Pretoria.

Rago, Michelle

2012-01-01

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A Digital Library Feasibility Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents the outcomes of a Digital Library Feasibility Study at the Wellcome Library. In particular, the study looked at the interoperability and integration between systems, including a back-end digital asset management (DAM system with attached storage, a front-end delivery system, the use of METS to manage delivery of content, a full-text database with search engine, and a workflow management system.

C. Henshaw

2010-08-01

31

Information architecture for digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper surveys information architecture in the context of digital libraries. Key concepts are defined as well as common attributes of information architectures in general. Communications standards — including hybrid TCP/IP-OSI, CORBA, and Web services — are explored, as well as the history of information architecture and related models. A number of digital library projects are analyzed with a focus on their distinct architectures. The key role of information architecture in the design...

Simon, Scott James University Of South Florida

2008-01-01

32

Digital libraries at home and abroad for the needs of instruction in the school library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The authors describe some cases and indicate some possible uses of digital libraries (some of them can also be examples of their construction for educational purposes, at home and abroad. They have chosen examples of libraries that are appropriate (or designed for use by librarians, teachers, primary and secondary school students. The positive, as well as the negative characteristics of the use of digital libraries are presented. Qualitative properties of digital school libraries are also described in the article.

Zdenka Verli?

2001-01-01

33

The New Zealand Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This fine Website provides searchable access to a number of voluminous document collections from diverse sources around the world in the fields of history, humanitarian and global development, computer science, music, and literature. These databases are chock full of documents, reports, articles, bibliographies, periodicals, and audio/ video files. The Website's searching and browsing interfaces are provided by Greenstone digital library software and enable easy, effective searching through these substantial collections, which include materials from the UN University, the Food and Agriculture organization, the Humanity Development Library, the World Environment Library, the Bibliotheque pour le Developpement, and more. Also included here are interfaces for the Gutenberg Project (see the November 22, 1996 Scout Report), a women's history collection, a youth oral history covering the lives of New Zealand children in the pre- and post-World War II years, the New Zealand Digital Music Library, and even an extensive music video collection (note: download times for videos can be several minutes). Two of the collections -- on Arabic and Chinese studies -- appear to be still under construction. The great boon of the site, of course, is the fact that rather than simply serving as a gateway, it allows users to immediately access the various materials brought up by the interface. "The New Zealand Digital Library project is a research program at The University of Waikato whose aim is to develop the underlying technology for digital libraries and make it available publicly so that others can use it to create their own collections."

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Theoretical Foundations for Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

In 1991, a group of researchers chose the term digital libraries to describe an emerging field of research, development, and practice. Since then, Virginia Tech has had funded research in this area, largely through its Digital Library Research Laboratory. This book is the first in a four book series that reports our key findings and current research investigations. Underlying this book series are five completed dissertations (Gonçalves, Kozievitch, Murthy, Shen, Torres), nine dissertations underway, and many masters theses. These reflect our experience with a long string of prototype or produc

Fox, Edward A; Shen, Rao

2012-01-01

35

Haverford Digital Libraries Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

Haverford College has been producing a range of student-led digital projects for almost a decade and these works (along with more formal staff initiatives) are all available right here. Under Projects, visitors can look over neat works such as Mapping Microfinance and the very cool Bit By Bit, which is an illustrated history of computing crafted by two students and a digital scholarship librarian. The Toolboxes section contains links to high-quality public domain resources, complete with headings like Create Maps, Visualize Data, and Create a Digital Exhibit. Other projects highlight an archive of statements made by al-Qaeda and an interactive urban-studies-style exploration of nearby Lancaster Avenue.

36

New Jersey Environmental Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Developed by the Scholarly Communication Center of Rutgers University Libraries, this site offers access to an impressive array of materials related to the New Jersey environment. The scope of the collection is quite broad, including citizen information, technical reports, photographic tours, and even some full-length videos. In addition, many of the items in the digital library are ephemeral or grey literature, typically unavailable through common research tools. Visitors may search the collection by keyword or phrase, title, or author, or browse via one of three pull-down menus: theme, place (county), and document type. As if all this were not enough, the library will also digitize documents on demand, and environmental organizations and individual researchers can submit their materials directly to the collection (select "submit records" for instructions). An excellent resource and a model for other states.

2000-01-01

37

NASA Wavelength: A Digital Library for Earth and Space Science Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Science Education and Public Outreach Forums have developed a web-based information system - NASA Wavelength - that will enable easy discovery and retrieval of thousands of resources from the NASA Earth and space science education portfolio. The beta system is being launched fall 2012 and has been developed based on best-practices in the architecture and design of Web-based information systems. The design style and philosophy emphasize simple, reusable data and services that facilitate the free-flow of data across systems. The primary audiences for NASA Wavelength are STEM educators (K-12, higher education and informal education) as well as scientists, education and public outreach professionals who work with k-12, higher education and informal education.

Schwerin, T.; Peticolas, L. M.; Bartolone, L. M.; Davey, B.; Porcello, D.

2012-12-01

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Obstacles Concerning Access to Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents the findings of a user survey, promoted and financed by the Digital Renaissance Foundation in Italy. Digital resources and the Web are continuing to offer many opportunities to improve the access to information but how are libraries changing their internal organisation and diversifying their services? What are users’ priorities and perceptions of digital library services? Selection criteria for digital collections, digital libraries management, co-operation experien...

2008-01-01

39

The National Library Service (SBN towards digital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the sector of technologies for the Information Society, the General Direction for Library Heritage and Cultural Institutes has promoted two programs: · SBN: The National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale · BDI: The Italian Digital Library (Biblioteca Digitale Italiana and another project, which was approved on March 18, 2003: · BDI&NTC: The Italian Digital Library and Cultural Tourist Network

Giuliana Sgambati

2003-12-01

40

Accessing Digital Libraries: A Study of ARL Members' Digital Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

To ensure efficient access to and integrated searching capabilities for their institution's new digital library projects, the authors studied Web sites of the Association of Research Libraries' (ARL) 111 academic, English-language libraries. Data were gathered on 1117 digital projects, noting library Web site and project access, metadata, and…

Kahl, Chad M.; Williams, Sarah C.

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Digital Libraries and Educational Resources: the AquaRing Semantic Approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Large amounts of scientific digital contents are nowadays held by scientific institutions which collect, produce and store information valuable for dissemination, work, study and research. In this context, the development of the web and learning technologies has brought new opportunities for teachers and learners to retrieve and share pedagogical objects. This paper introduces the use of a semantic approach developed within the EC funded AquaRing project with the aim of improving access to th...

Stefano Bianchi; Gianni Vercelli; Giuliano Vivanet

2010-01-01

42

Adaptability Approaches in Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines some approaches for ndowing digital libraries with adaptability capabilities in order to scaffold and enhance end user experience. The paper provides a general overview of techniques and methods commonly adopted for achieving adaptability. It also discusses how these can be implemented, and to this end illusrtates specific examples and guidelines drawn fromthe practical experience that the authors are currently gaining in ther Share.TEC European project, a context in which...

Boytchev, Pavel; Grigorov, Alexander; Earp, Jeffrey; Stefanov, Krassen; Georgiev, Atanas

2010-01-01

43

Digital Library and Digital Reference Service: Integration and Mutual Complementarity  

Science.gov (United States)

Both the digital library and the digital reference service were invented and have been developed under the networked environment. Among their intersections, the fundamental thing is their symbiotic interest--serving the user in a more efficient way. The article starts by discussing the digital library and its service and the digital reference…

Liu, Jia

2008-01-01

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Access of Digitized Print Originals in US and UK Higher Education Libraries Combined with Print Circulation Indicates Increased Usage of Traditional Forms of Reading Materials. A Review of: Joint, Nicholas. “Is Digitisation the New Circulation?: Borrowing Trends, Digitisation and the nature of reading in US and UK LibrariesLibrary Review 57.2 (2008: 87-95.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To discern the statistical accuracy of reports that print circulation is in decline in libraries, particularly higher education libraries in the United States (USand United Kingdom (UK, and to determine if circulation patterns reflect a changing dynamic in patron reading habits.Design – Comparative statistical analysis.Setting – Library circulation statistics from as early as 1982 to as recent as 2006, culled from various sources with specific references to statistics gathered by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA, the Library and Information Statistics Unit (LISU, the Association of Research Libraries (ARL, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES, and the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL.Subjects – Higher education institutions in the United States and United Kingdom, along with public libraries to a lesser extent.Methods – This study consists of an analysis of print circulation statistics in public and higher education libraries in the US and UK, combined with data on multimedia circulation in public libraries and instances of digital access in university libraries. Specifically, NEA statistics provided data on print readership levels in the US from 1982 to 2002; LISU statistics were analyzed for circulation figures and gate counts in UK public libraries; ARL statistics from 1996 to 2006 provided circulation data for large North American research libraries; NCES statistics from 1990 to 2004 contributed data on circulation in “tertiary level” US higher education libraries; and ACRL statistics were analyzed for more circulation numbers for US post-secondary education libraries. The study further includes data on UK trends in print readership and circulation in UK higher education libraries, and trends in US public library circulation of non-print materials.Main Results – Analysis of the data indicates that print circulation is down in US and UK public libraries and in ARL member libraries, while it is up in the non-ARL higher education libraries represented and in UK higher education libraries. However, audio book circulation in US public libraries supplements print circulation to the point where overall circulation of book materials is increasing, and the access of digital literature supplements print circulation in ARL member libraries (although the statistics are difficult to measure and meld with print circulation statistics. Essentially, the circulation of book material is increasing in most institutions when all formats are considered. According to the author, library patrons are reading more than ever; the materials patrons are accessing are traditional in content regardless of the means by which the materials are accessed.Conclusion – The author contends that print circulation is in decline only where digitization efforts are extensive, such as in ARL-member libraries; when digital content is factored into the equation the access of book-type materials is up in most libraries. The author speculates that whether library patrons use print or digital materials, the content of those materials is largely traditional in nature, thereby resulting in the act of “literary” reading remaining a focal point of library usage. Modes of reading and learning have not changed, at least insofar as these things may be inferred from studying circulation statistics. The author asserts that digital access is favorable to patrons and that libraries should attempt to follow the ARL model of engaging in large scale digitization projects in order to provide better service to their patrons; the author goes on to argue that UK institutions with comparable funding to ARLs will have greater success in this endeavour if UK copyright laws are relaxed.

Kurt Blythe

2009-03-01

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Standards-based teaching and educational digital libraries as innovations: Undergraduate science faculty in the adoption process  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes undergraduate science faculty in terms of their feelings of preparedness for and their use of standards-based teaching methods, their stages of concern related to Educational Digital Libraries (EDLs), and their adoption and diffusion of both innovations. These innovations may have a synergistic relationship that may result in enhanced adoption of both. The investigation began with a series of group meetings with life science, chemistry, physics, and geology faculty from a 2-year and a 4-year institution. Faculty were introduced to dimensions of standards-based teaching and examples of EDLs. Faculty completed the Demographics and Experience Questionnaire, the Standards-Based Teaching Instrument, and the Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ). Semi-structured interviews containing literature-based questions were conducted with one faculty member from each discipline from the 2-year and 4-year institutions. Document analyses were performed on mission/goal web-based statements for the institutions and their science departments. Triangulated data were used to construct individual faculty case studies based on four facets: background, standards-based teaching profile, EDLs profile, and rate of innovation diffusion. The individual case studies were used to perform cross-case analyses by type of institution, discipline, and locus of control. Individual case studies and cross-case analyses suggest the following conclusions: (a) faculty felt prepared to use and frequently used textbooks as a reference, (b) feelings of preparedness and frequency of use of standards-based teaching categories may be related to discipline, (c) all faculty had relatively high awareness and informational EDL concerns, and (d) faculty central to the locus of control were more likely to use methods to develop student conceptual understanding, use inquiry methods, and be agents of change. A grounded theoretical model connects study results with literature related to educational change and innovation adoption. The model suggests undergraduate science faculty professional developers and innovation developers should establish a shared understanding of vocabulary related to innovations, conduct national innovation awareness and informational campaigns, consider faculty pre-existing understanding of the innovations, align with organizational norms, and clarify the relationship between institutional mission/goal statements and the innovations. The study protocols and instruments may be valuable tools for others studying educational change and innovations.

Ridgway, Judith Sulkes

46

The Rise of the Digital Public Library  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a growing shift to digital offerings among public libraries. Libraries increasingly are fulfilling roles as technology hubs for their communities, with high demand for technology and career development training resources. Ebooks and other digital materials are on the rise, while print is being scaled back. More libraries are turning to…

McKendrick, Joseph

2012-01-01

47

Digital Libraries--Methods and Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital library is commonly seen as a type of information retrieval system which stores and accesses digital content remotely via computer networks. However, the vision of digital libraries is not limited to technology or management, but user experience. This book is an attempt to share the practical experiences of solutions to the operation of…

Huang, Kuo Hung, Ed.

2011-01-01

48

Digital Radiology Image Learning Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Digital Radiology Image Learning Library (DRILL) is designed as an interactive teaching tool targeted to the radiologic community. The DRILL pilot comprises a comprehensive mammographic information base consisting of factual data in a relational database, an extensive knowledge base in semantic nets and high-resolution images. A flexible query module permits the user to browse and retrieve examination data, case discussions, and related images. Other applications, including expert systems, instructional programs, and skill building exercises, can be accessed through well-defined software constructs

1989-12-01

49

Bulgarian Folk Songs in a Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper presents the main results of an ongoing project aimed at the development of technologies for digitization of Bulgarian folk music and building a heterogeneous digital library with Bulgarian folk songs presented with their music, notes and text. An initial digitization and preservation of the Bulgarian cultural heritage starts by means of digitization and insertion into the library of over 1000 songs that were recorded and written down during the 60s and 70s of XX c...

Peycheva, Lozanka; Kirov, Nikolay

2011-01-01

50

The digital library professionals’ learning culture :a study on digital libraries’ community of practice in Europe  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the context of knowledge management (KM) in the field of digital libraries (DL), communities of practice (CoPs) is one of the unexplored areas of interests for research, as compared with those in the fields of business and management, education, engineering and medical sciences. Greater importance is being placed on those communities on their ability to share knowledge, facilitate knowledge transfer and most importantly in providing the proper context for learning to take place. Thus, this...

Batiancila, Marcial R.

2011-01-01

51

Pitts Theology Library: Digital Image Archive  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at Emory University, the Pitts Theology Library has a number of digital archives that are worthy of mention. This particular one brings together over 28,000 images of biblical illustrations. The archive also includes engravings of church buildings and religious leaders. Visitors can search the archive by call number or Bible verse, which is a rather helpful way to look for items of interest. Visitors are also encouraged to use these images for use in church publications, research papers, and other educational settings. Also, visitors can use the "Revised Common Lectionary" area to identify commonly used items, like Gospel lessons and Hebrew Bible lessons. The site is rounded out by a "FAQ" area and a link to the Library's main Special Collection site.

52

Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

Rajab Abd al-Hamed

2007-09-01

53

User studies for digital library development  

CERN Document Server

As the information environment becomes increasingly electronic, digital libraries have proliferated, but the focus has often been on innovations in technology and not the user. This title provides a clear overview of the user studies domain and user issues in digital libraries.

Dobreva, Milena; Feliciati, Pierluigi

2012-01-01

54

ANALYSIS OF INFORMATIVE SPACE OF SCIENTIFIC ESTABLISHMENTS AND EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS OF APS OF UKRAINE AND THEIR INTEGRATION INTO THE UNIFIED INFORMATIVE SCIENTIFIC SPACE THROUGH THE ELECTRONIC (DIGITAL LIBRARY ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????? (??????? ??????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The scientific most essential and priority psihology-pedagogical researches which are being carried out at the scientific establishments of APS of Ukraine are given in the article. Data of information providing of establishments of APS of Ukraine, list of scientific labours and composition of scientific establishments, with the amount of research workers are given. Possible approaches of integration of information space of scientific establishments and educational establishments of APS into the unified informative scientific space of Ukraine and world through the integration to the electronic (digital libraries are examined.? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ?????????-??????????? ???????????, ??? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????. ?????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ???????, ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????? ??????????? – ?? ???????????? ?? ???????????? ?????????????? ????????? ????????. ????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ??? ? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? (???????? ?????????.

?.?. ????????

2010-08-01

55

Application of Cloud Technology in Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly a...

2012-01-01

56

Content based access to digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital Libraries can contain content stored in a variety of media - text either handwritten or machine-readable, images, audio, video, and combinations of these. Digital Libraries research has, for the most part, been concerned with capturing and organising this material, working on issues like interoperability, security, rights management, encoding standards, and other issues. But what of content-based access techniques, when we wish to find things that we're looking for in those libraries ...

Smeaton, Alan F.

2009-01-01

57

Infrastructure-based research digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital Libraries have evolved from a digital counterpart of traditional libraries to highly dynamic environments conceived to provide a community with the data and services needed to accomplish its tasks. This trend is particularly frequent in the context of scientific research communities, whose members are scattered among multiple organizations across the world, with requirements that are very large, multidisciplinary, and evolving with innovation. The realization of such Research Digital ...

Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; Manghi, Paolo; Pagano, Pasquale

2013-01-01

58

Evaluation of digital libraries using snowball sampling  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article describes how snowball sampling was applied in two different cases to evaluate digital collections. The first digital library was evaluated by conducting in–person interviews with survey participants. For the second digital library, an e–mail survey was mailed to site users. The results are compared and a cost–benefit analysis is provided. The author concludes that the convenience of an e–mail survey is not necessarily the most effective way to survey users.

Peterson, Elaine

2005-01-01

59

Analysis of courses and modules: education for digital librarianship  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The number of courses on digital libraries taught in schools of library and information science (LIS) in the U.S. has more than doubled in the past four years. As the digital library community has grown, the importance of the contributions of library science principles has been recognized. The need for restructuring library and information science education programs to support the need for digital librarians is recognized. Yet, it appears we do not know much about what skills are needed for p...

Weech, Terry

2006-01-01

60

IEEE Computer Society Digital Library News (DLN)  

Science.gov (United States)

This newsletter, provided by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Computer Society Task Force on Digital Libraries, and issued three times per year (June/July, October, and February), intends to be a "brief alerting/reporting service for those working in the diverse fields which comprise digital libraries." The first issue features a report on the Advances in Digital Libraries Conference, which took place in May, 1997. Pertinent site and electronic journal announcements, and a conference calendar are included. Submissions are encouraged. An archive of the newsletter is available at the above URL.

1997-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

World Digital Library: A Case Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: The study reports the aim and features of the World Digital Library (WDL, one of the pioneer projects reflecting the beauty of digital preservation. The study analyzes the contribution of resources continent wise, type, lingual pattern, time period, subjects covered and institutions to WDL.Methodology/Approach: The study is based on the content analysis of WDL. Findings: The study clearly reflects a growing trend of cultural and heritage resources in WDL.Future Implications: The study can be taken a step forward by researching the digital preservation strategies adopted by WDL to safeguard the global heritage wealth.Social Implications: The study can be an initiator at individual, institutional, regional, national and global level to contribute for enrichment of cultural tastes in WDL.Keywords: Digital libraries; Digital preservation; Heritage; Culture; Heritage preservation; World Digital Library (WDLPaper Type: Research

Somaira Nabi

2012-06-01

62

Are Malaysian Students Ready to Be Authors of Digital Contents? A Case Study of Digital Library Stakeholders’ Readiness  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper reports on a study that ascertains the factors facilitating students to utilize digital libraries for educational purposes. The study investigates students ICT readiness, usage of online resources and information seeking behaviour of secondary school students with the specific goal of applying the results to the design of a collaborative digital library for school projects. The digital library has been conceived to support resource needs of these students as well provide the space f...

Abrizah Abdullah; Zainab, A. N.

2007-01-01

63

An Overview of Invenio Digital Library Software  

CERN Multimedia

Invenio is a free, open source software suite that will enable you to run your own digital library or document repository on the web. The software covers all the stages of digital library management from document ingestion through to classification, indexing, curation and finally, dissemination. Invenio complies with the OAI metadata harvesting protocol and uses MARC21 as its underlying bibliographic format, hence facilitating the sharing of resources between repositories worldwide.

CERN-IT-UDS-CDS; Audiovisual Service

2011-01-01

64

Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ as parts of the European Digital Mathematics Library EuDML  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper presents in brief the Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and the Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ. Both libraries use the open source software DSpace and both are partners in the European Digital Mathematics Library EuDML. We describe their content and

2012-01-01

65

Converting To Digital Library in Banking Organizations : Case Study For Library of Central Bank of Libya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A Case study For Library of Central Bank of Libya, it deals the converting to a digital library. It start with an introduction about digital libraries, and technology in libraries, then deal Library of Central Bank of Libya, and it current situation, then states the plan to be converted to digital library.

Asmaa Basher Abou Louefa

2005-05-01

66

MatDL: Integrating Digital Libraries into Scientific Practice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital repositories can be catalysts for new knowledge by providing information space and tools to facilitate the work of students, educators, or scientists. The NSF NSDL Materials Digital Library (MatDL) is adapting existing open source "tools", such as an image gallery and a version control system, to meet the needs of users within the materials science community. The tools are being modified to make submission to MatDL an easy step within a user's existing workflow and to avoid redundant ...

Bartolo, Laura M. Materials Informatics Research Laboratory; Lowe, Cathy S. Materials Informatics Research Laboratory; Feng, Louis Z. Computer Science Department; Patten, Brook Computer Science Department

2004-01-01

67

Third CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Dakar, Senegal  

CERN Multimedia

3rd CERN-UNESCO workshop on digital libraries in Africa, held at Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories.

Nikolaos Kasioumis

2011-01-01

68

Second CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Rabat, Morroco  

CERN Multimedia

2nd CERN-UNESCO training on digital libraries in Africa, held at CNRST / IMIST, Rabat. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories

Jérôme Caffaro

2010-01-01

69

The State of Development of Digital Libraries in Poland  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of development of Polish digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach: The paper describes the establishment of the first digital library in Poland, the creation of the Wielkopolska Digital Library and other regional digital libraries. The organisational and technological solutions used…

Gorny, Miroslaw; Catlow, John; Lewandowski, Rafal

2010-01-01

70

Digital preservation for libraries, archives, and museums  

CERN Multimedia

Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, & Museums is designed for all types of information professionals who are interested in digital preservation. This is not a how-to book giving step-by-step processes for certain materials in a given kind of system. Instead, it addresses a broad group of resources that could be housed in any number of digital preservation systems. Finally, this book is about "Things (not technology; not how-to; not theory) I wish I had known before I got started." It is divided into four parts based on the Digital Preservation Triad: Situating Digital Preservation, I

Corrado, Edward M

2014-01-01

71

Automated Libraries: What we expect from Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Libraries have been the subject of more than a decade of attention by researchers anddevelopers, and yet in all this time the implementations have not matched the promises. By far the majority ofsystems have concentrated on content and provided limited or basic functions for users. In this article weoffer a new look at what can be expected from a digital library system based on contemporary developmentsin Information and Communications Systems and Technology. First, we sketch out the basic functions whichare provided to support finding and accessing material by a reader. Next we explain some extended functionswhich support the use and re-use of documents - links and annotations – and the need to support learners inaddition to readers and writers. Finally, we present our visions for a modern digital library and e-Learningportal system which includes for example intelligent and conceptual search support including resultsvisualization, white lists, and adaptive user interfaces.

Gulbasar?

2013-08-01

72

Digital scholarship and the role of the university library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The influence of modern information technology (IT) and fundamental changes in education and research beliefs and practices have resulted in what is called digital scholarship. The e-Information strategy of the Library of the University of Pretoria is in the process of making a huge impact on the Library, UP and national / international endeavors as it is progressing to enable digital scholarship. The key focus areas of the e-Information strategy are: e-Research, e-Learning, e-Resources, Ope...

Pienaar, Heila

2007-01-01

73

Application of Cloud Technology in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly attractive choices which is challenged by both growth inthe size of the indexed document collection, new features and most prominently usage. With thepurpose of applying Cloud Computing to university library, the paper describes the currentstatus of user service models in university libraries. Then it proposed to improve current userservice model with Cloud Computing. This paper explores some of the security issuessurrounding data location, mobility and availability.

D Kishore Kumar

2012-05-01

74

Metadata In, Library Out. A Simple, Robust Digital Library System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Tired of being held hostage to expensive systems that did not meet our needs, the University of Alabama Libraries developed an XML schema-agnostic, light-weight digital library delivery system based on the principles of "Keep It Simple, Stupid!" Metadata and derivatives reside in openly accessible web directories, which support the development of web agents and new usability software, as well as modification and complete retrieval at any time. The file name structure is echoed in the file sys...

Tonio Loewald; Jody DeRidder

2010-01-01

75

Perceptions of Library Staff Regarding Challenges of Developing Digital Libraries: The Case of an Iranian University  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The present research aims to identify the difficulties and obstacles for developing digital libraries in the seven regional branches of Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran, and to study the status of librarians' skills and education programmes at these institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The 40 individuals working in the regional…

Mohsenzadeh, Faranak; Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Alireza

2011-01-01

76

Management of the Life Cycle of Digital Library Materials  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper does not deal in any detail with digital preservation, rather it examines the development of digital content and digital libraries in the broader content of digital developments and library developments. Implicit throughout this is the need to create or acquire digital content for long-term access, which means that preservation needs must be foregrounded at all stages of the digital lifecycle.

2001-01-01

77

Ethics Education Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), the Ethics Education Library seeks "to connect people interested in developing new and interesting ethics training methods and programs, to disseminate best practices and tools that have already been developed, and to ultimately foster the creation of new methods and programs for teaching students about ethical issues inherent in research and practice." Visitors to the site can take advantage of the Browse feature to look for online tutorials, syllabi, teaching modules, and case studies. The case studies section has over 5,500 items, some of which are available in full and all of which have an abstract for perusal. Additionally, visitors can use the Publications area to find books, journal articles and other published materials relating to all areas of ethics education. These materials are arranged topically into sections that include bioethics, business ethics, and media ethics. Finally, visitors can scroll through the Ethics News on the right-hand side of the page for more information about current appearances of ethics in the daily news.

2012-05-11

78

Key Concepts in the Architecture of the Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A discussion to an important report which defined the main principles for digital libraries architecture , the 8 principles are ; The technical framework exists within a legal and social framework , Understanding of digital library concepts is hampered by terminology, The underlying architecture should be separate from the content stored in the library , Names and identifiers are the basic building block for the digital library , Digital library objects are more than collections of bits , The...

2004-01-01

79

News from the Library: A one-stop-shop for computing literature: ACM Digital Library  

CERN Multimedia

The Association for Computing Machinery, ACM, is the world’s largest educational and scientific computing society. Among others, the ACM provides the computing field's premier Digital Library and serves its members and the computing profession with leading-edge publications, conferences, and career resources.   ACM Digital Library is available to the CERN community. The most popular journal here at CERN is Communications of the ACM. However, the collection offers access to a series of other valuable important academic journals such as Journal of the ACM and even fulltext of a series of classical books. In addition, users have access to the ACM Guide to Computing Literature, the most comprehensive bibliographic database focusing on computing, integrated with ACM’s full-text articles and including features such as ACM Author Profile Pages - which provides bibliographic and bibliometric data for over 1,000,000 authors in the field. ACM Digital Library is an excellent com...

CERN Library

2011-01-01

80

Geographic location as an access model to library collections – a pilot project of European Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the frames of the European eContentplus project European Digital Library (EDL a pilot GIS application was integrated in The European Library (TEL portal. The application was realized in the cooperation between the National and University Library of Slovenia and the Geodetic Institute of Slovenia. The pilot GIS application represents the beginning of the development of digital geolibrary where a map is the starting point leading to different geodifferentiated resources. At the same time, it also represents an upgrade of the static presentation of different kinds of digitised materials in the library, as well as an attempt of interdisciplinary presentation with additional educational value. The goal, content, methodology and the results of the pilot GIS application are presented in the article.

Dalibor Radovan

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Digital Library Initiatives in PRL  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Information Technology (IT) is most commonly used to mean computer technology and communication technology. The technologies of optical/video systems like CD-ROMs are also included in the computers group by the books and periodicals on computer technology. For a librarian IT has a wider connotation, which includes the technologies and systems like microfilms, microfiches, CD-ROM, computers, information networks, etc. It includes all those technologies which the libraries and information ce...

Anilkumar, Nishtha

2003-01-01

82

A Global Approach to Digital Library Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes the key advances on digital library evaluation research. The paper provides a comparison of the existing models, the current research questions in this area, an integrated LIS-oriented evaluation framework, and a selection of international projects.

Giuseppina Vullo

2010-09-01

83

??????????????????????????????????????????????? | A Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries' History / Mei-Ling Wang; Ming-Yueh Tsay; Chih-Ming Chen; Yun-Er Ke; Chia-Ying Tsai; Yong-Ting Chen; Yi-Jen Lin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

???????????????????1990 ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????(1????????????? ????????????(2?????????????????????(3????????????Metadata????????(4?? ?????????????????(5?????????????(6??????????????????(7??????????????? ??????????? Metadata?????746????????Dspace?????????????????????????????????????

Libraries are important social institutions that preserve and communicate human culture and knowledge. From the beginning of 1990s, the digital library has grown up rapidly based on the progress of the Internet. Libraries and educational institutions should be actively involved in digital library research and development. The Taiwan libraries’ history can be divided into four stages: Japanese occupation period, reconstruction period, growth period and strong period. In these processes, many events and libraries with rich materials that can be developed into a digital library. Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies, National Chengchi University, planned the Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries’ History and got the university support. The pilot study objectives include: (1 exploring the digital library model on Taiwan libraries' history? (2 constructing digital library to support education and research in information and library science? (3 developing Metadata standards of library documents and heritage? (4 digitalizing documents and heritage to build digital collections (5 developing digital library systems and technology? (6 researching browsing and search functions of the digital library? (7 exploring the model of the digital library supports e-learning. In this pilot study, we developed six Metadata standards, built 746 digital resources, constructed a digital library system and web site, and proposed the conclusions and suggestions finally.

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???????????????????????????

2008-04-01

84

The Florida folklike digitization and education project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The State Library and Archives of Florida’s Florida Folklife Digitization and Education Project was a two–year IMLS–funded project intended to enhance access to the Florida Folklife Collection, to develop educational resources based on the Collection, and to make these cultural and educational resources accessible to lifelong learners on the Florida Memory Project Web site at http://www.floridamemory.com.

Norman, Joanna

2007-01-01

85

Library management for the digital age a new paradigm  

CERN Document Server

This revolutionary introduction to library management is the first conceived in and written for a digital age. Library Management for the Digital Age covers hierarchies, policies, communication, working relationships, facilities, human resources, settings, customer services, budgeting, and emergency management.

Todaro, Julie

2014-01-01

86

A digital library to advance interdisciplinary research in singing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In 2008, at the ASA/EAA symposium honouring pioneering scientist of singing, Johan Sundberg, the AIRS (Advancing Interdisciplinary Research in Singing) project was introduced as a major collaborative research initiative on singing [Cohen, A.J. (2008) Acoustics 08 Paris, 3177-3182]. Over 70 collaborators around the world were to investigate singing from perspectives of development, education and well-being. A digital library was to facilitate distant team members' work on the same data, such a...

Cohen, Annabel; Vincent, Coralie; Moses, Donald; Fujinaga, Ichiro; Lefford, Nyssim; Leonard, Theresa; Tzanetakis, George

2013-01-01

87

Anatomy Atlases: A Digital Library of Anatomy Information  

Science.gov (United States)

This collection of atlases and textbooks is intended to educate patients, healthcare providers, and students in anatomy. Topics include human anatomy, human anatomy in cross-section, microscopic anatomy, anatomy of first aid, human anatomic variation, and osteology. The collection includes both historic and modern atlases, is searchable by keyword or term, and includes a frequently-asked-questions feature. Other materials include user reviews and links to related digital libraries.

88

Co-Authorship Networks in the Digital Library Research Community  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The field of digital libraries (DLs) coalesced in 1994: the first digital library conferences were held that year, awareness of the World Wide Web was accelerating, and the National Science Foundation awarded $24 Million (U.S.) for the Digital Library Initiative (DLI). In this paper we examine the state of the DL domain after a decade of activity by applying social network analysis to the co-authorship network of the past ACM, IEEE, and joint ACM/IEEE digital library confere...

Liu, Xiaoming; Bollen, Johan; Nelson, Michael L.; Sompel, Herbert

2005-01-01

89

Report on the Fourth Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The 4th Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries was held in Berlin, Germany on September 29, 2011, in conjunction with the International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries (TPDL 2011) - formerly known as the European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL). The workshop series started in 2008 with the aim of promoting discussions on the specific research area going under the umbrella of "very large digital libraries" - with a lo...

Candela, Leonardo; Manghi, Paolo; Ioannidis, Yannis

2011-01-01

90

A Coleção Linhares em meio digital / Linhares Collection digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O Projeto "Criação da Biblioteca Digital Linhares", elaborado por pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, teve como objetivo conceber e implementar metodologia para preservar e dar acesso à Coleção Linhares, constituída por jornais, revistas e panfletos publicados em Belo Horiz [...] onte e colecionados por Joaquim Nabuco Linhares desde 1895, até a sua morte em 1945. Foi adquirida a preço simbólico pela UFMG, em 1976, e depositada na Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. A coleção, considerada de grande importância para a história da imprensa de Belo Horizonte, se encontrava em acelerado processo de deterioração. A biblioteca digital foi construída com base na proposta metodológica do processo híbrido, que preconiza a utilização da microfilmagem para preservar o acervo e a digitalização, via microfilme, para proporcionar o acesso. O projeto foi desenvolvido de forma colaborativa, envolvendo pesquisadores e servidores da Escola de Ciência da Informação, do Departamento de História e da Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. Disponível em: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br Abstract in english Linhares Digital Library Project, carried out by researchers and technical staff of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG, aimed the development and implementation of a digital library methodology to provide access and preservation for newspapers, magazines and pamphlets published in Belo Horizo [...] nte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collected by Joaquim Linhares, since his early youth in 1895, to his death in 1945. The collection was acquired by UFMG from Linhares' inheritors, at a nominal sum and deposited at the University Library. The importance of the collection for the history of Belo Horizonte's press has been highly emphasized by many scholars in the last decades, but the materials had been seriously affected by paper acidity and human damages. The digital library took the hybrid process format: microfilming of the materials to guarantee the preservation aspect and also, the digitalization from the microfilms to provide access. Available at: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br

Santos, Vilma Moreira dos; Santos, Silvana Aparecida Silva dos; Santos, Luiz Henrique dos.

91

National Wetlands Research Center: Library Digital Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Wetlands Research Center (NWRC) "is a source and clearinghouse of science information about wetlands in the United States and the world for fellow agencies, private entities, academia, and the public at large." The NWRC Library Digital Collection contains an abundance of technical reports in pdf format spanning the last couple decades from such institutions as the US Fish and Wildlife Service; the USGS Biological Resources Division; and the National Biological Service. The site also contains an archived Species Profiles collection from the US Fish and Wildlife Service with 126 downloadable profiles "designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief, comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of the species may be expected to react to environmental changes caused by coastal development." The Library Digital Collection archives contain a Habitat Suitability Index Models Series and a Waterfowl Management Handbook from the US Fish and Wildlife Service as well.

2005-11-03

92

Ercim Technical Reference Digital Library Administration Service  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The ERCIM Technical Reference Digital Library (ETRDL) provides the access to a distributed collection of grey literature (technical reports, theses, workshop proceedings, pre-prints, etc.) in the areas of Computer Sciences and Applied Mathematics produced by members of the ERCIM Consortium. The ETRDL service currently allows public access through Internet to the technical reports produced by seven ERCIM organisations. ETRDL functionality regards searching and browsing ERCIM collections to ret...

Andreoni, Antonella; Carlesi, Carlo; Pagano, Pasquale; Pisani, Serena

1999-01-01

93

Management of the Life Cycle of Digital Library Materials  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper does not deal in any detail with digital preservation, rather it examines the development of digital content and digital libraries in the broader content of digital developments and library developments. Implicit throughout this is the need to create or acquire digital content for long-term access, which means that preservation needs must be foregrounded at all stages of the digital lifecycle.

Marilyn Deegan

2001-07-01

94

Distance Education Support in University Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the current distance education environment for university libraries and the distance education library services for faculty and students. The authors surveyed selected Association of Research Libraries (ARL) members to determine current services and the changes in distance education library services since the 1996 ARL SPEC…

Snyder, Carolyn A.; Carter, Howard; Hostetler, Jerry C.

2004-01-01

95

Biblioteca digital: a experiência do Impa Digital library: Impa's experience  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Relato da experiência do Impa na informatização de sua biblioteca, utilizando o software Horizon, e na construção de um servidor de preprints (dissertações de mestrado, teses de doutorado e artigos ainda não publicados) através da participação no projeto internacional Math-Net.Report on Impa's experience in its Digital Library Project, using the software Horizon, and in the construction of a Preprint Server (Dissertations, Thesis and non-published articles) through a cooperatio...

2001-01-01

96

Usage Analysis for the Identification of Research Trends in Digital Libraries; Keepers of the Crumbling Culture: What Digital Preservation Can Learn from Library History; Patterns of Journal Use by Scientists through Three Evolutionary Phases; Developing a Content Management System-Based Web Site; Exploring Charging Models for Digital Cultural Heritage in Europe; Visions: The Academic Library in 2012.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that discuss use analysis and research trends in digital libraries; library history and digital preservation; journal use by scientists; a content management system-based Web site for higher education in the United Kingdom; cost studies for transitioning to digitized collections in European cultural institutions; and the…

Bollen, Johan; Vemulapalli, Soma Sekara; Xu, Weining; Luce, Rick; Marcum, Deanna; Friedlander, Amy; Tenopir, Carol; Grayson, Matt; Zhang, Yan; Ebuen, Mercy; King, Donald W.; Boyce, Peter; Rogers, Clare; Kirriemuir, John; Tanner, Simon; Deegan, Marilyn; Marcum, James W.

2003-01-01

97

BIBLIOTECA DIGITAL: CONTENIDOS Y APRENDIZAJE / Digital library: contents and learning  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se hace referencia a la importancia de los contenidos en la biblioteca digital y propone algunos lineamientos como punto trascendente para la satisfacción de necesidades de los usuarios de servicios digitales de información. Así mismo, se brindan algunos parámetros para el desarrollo de contenidos d [...] idácticos y materiales de aprendizaje, y se proponen algunos elementos necesarios de considerar por los encargados del diseño de contenidos y recursos de bibliotecas digitales, con fines didácticos. Por tanto, ubica a las bibliotecas digitales en un entorno de aprendizaje y pondera el aprendizaje significativo sobre otros, con énfasis en el acervo, para que los usuarios obtengan un nuevo conocimiento. No se pretende manejar de forma exhaustiva o definir conceptos, sino establecer la relación entre ellos. Abstract in english This work treats the importance of the contents of the digital library and proposes some guidelines as a starting point toward user satisfaction in digital information services. At the same time, this article, with didactic goals in minds, offers some parameters for the development of didactic conte [...] nts and learning materials. It follows that digital libraries belong in the learning environment, with emphasis on learning and content, so that users learn something new. No pretence is made to deal with this issue in an exhaustive manner or to define concepts, but to establish a relationship between the two.

Cabral Vargas, Brenda.

98

LIBRARIES AND THE LIBRARIANS IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The transformation of the traditional libraries into e-resources base digital libraries represented new opportunities and the new ways to the library professionals to provide the satisfactory users need. The role of the libraries and the librarians has changed in the e-environment and the library professionals became multitalented personality. This paper also describes the multipurpose role of the librarians in the digital age.

MD AJIMUDDIN SK

2013-02-01

99

Personalizing digital libraries at design time: the Miguel de Cervantes Digital Library case study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this article we describe our experience in the development of a personalizable dissemination model for the Miguel de Cervantes Digital Library’s Web-based newsletter-service, which combines adaptive with adaptable personalization techniques, being capable or ranking news according to navigation-inferred preferences and then filter them according to a user-given profile. We explain how Web engineering design techniques have been applied to make that service evolve into a more adaptive per...

Bia Platas, Alejandro; Garrigo?s Ferna?ndez, Irene; Go?mez Ortega, Jaime

2004-01-01

100

Baldwin Library of Children's Literature, Digital Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

The Baldwin Library Digital Collection at the University of Florida includes over 2500 fully digitized children's books, published in the United States and Great Britain between 1850 and 1900 (selected from more than more than 100,000 in the Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature, dating from the mid-1600s through 2007). Although baby-boomers may be disappointed in not finding their childhood favorites, it is nonetheless amazing to page through an illustrated edition of Little Red Riding Hood, published in 1895 by Raphael Tuck & Sons. Browsing through the list of recently added items also reveals the digital version of "Bill an' me": sum ov our adventers in de "Midway Plaisance", a souvenir book documenting two boys' adventures at the World's Columbian Exposition, the World's Fair held in Chicago in 1893. Books in the collection reflect the mores of the times in which they were published; for example, although the protagonists seem on the youthful side to 21st century eyes, Bill an me's adventures include the drinking of alcoholic beverages.

 
 
 
 
101

??????????????????? | Globalization, Market Economy in Developing Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

???83-88

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The development of digital libraries has been facing budgets, human resources and technical issues. Inevitably, it tends to rely on the business model based on market economy in developing digital libraries. However, under business globalization and knowledge-based economics, issues such as public needs, information dependence, information-haves and information-have-nots are worth of attention while developing digital libraries.

??? Chun-Hsiang Chen

2001-10-01

102

ChemXSeer Digital Library Gaussian Search  

CERN Document Server

We report on the Gaussian file search system designed as part of the ChemXSeer digital library. Gaussian files are produced by the Gaussian software [4], a software package used for calculating molecular electronic structure and properties. The output files are semi-structured, allowing relatively easy access to the Gaussian attributes and metadata. Our system is currently capable of searching Gaussian documents using a boolean combination of atoms (chemical elements) and attributes. We have also implemented a faceted browsing feature on three important Gaussian attribute types - Basis Set, Job Type and Method Used. The faceted browsing feature enables a user to view and process a smaller, filtered subset of documents.

Lahiri, Shibamouli; Nangia, Shikha; Mitra, Prasenjit; Giles, C Lee; Mueller, Karl T

2011-01-01

103

Grid-supported Medical Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Secure, flexible and efficient storing and accessing digital medical data is one of the key elements for delivering successful telemedical systems. To this end grid technologies designed and developed over the recent years and grid infrastructures deployed with their use seem to provide an excellent opportunity for the creation of a powerful environment capable of delivering tools and services for medical data storage, access and processing. In this paper we present the early results of our work towards establishing a Medical Digital Library supported by grid technologies and discuss future directions of its development. These works are part of the "Telemedycyna Wielkopolska" project aiming to develop a telemedical system for the support of the regional healthcare. PMID:17476055

Kosiedowski, Michal; Mazurek, Cezary; Stroinski, Maciej; Weglarz, Jan

2007-01-01

104

USC Digital Libraries: Sea of Korea Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

What is the Sea of Korea? Simply put, it is the body of water between Japan and Korea. This marvelous digital collection from the USC Digital Libraries brings together two private collections comprised of 172 maps of this expanse of water dating from 1606 to 1895. The maps also vary in language: English, French, Japanese, Dutch, Korean, Latin, German, and Russian. One good starting point is the 1794 map "China, Drawn from the Best Authorities," which happens to be executed as a hand-colored copper engraving. Also, visitors can create their own collection by clicking on the "Add" button. Students of geography, East Asian history, and related subjects will find this entire site to be most delightful.

105

Digital Education Network (DEN)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Digital Education Network offers 7th through 12th grade students a chance to expand their knowledge in four areas: NewsDEN, which covers current events for kids and provides tips for teachers on how to integrate the information into their curricula; MathDEN, an interactive math challenge that offers four "stages" for students at different levels and tracks their progress (new question sets are added every Thursday); InternetDEN, a tutorial on using Internet tools for education, aimed at the novice net-surfer; and GraphicsDEN, a tutorial on and gallery of computer graphics. Planned for release next month are WritingDEN and SkyDEN, two new instructional areas. Free registration is requested before using the site, but a "guest" login is also available.

1997-01-01

106

The Internet: will this highway serve the digital library?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The future of the biomedical enterprise and the biomedical libraries that serve it is tied closely to digital information. The changing nature of this type of information will create new pressures on libraries, particularly in health care organizations. Libraries must learn to deal with these pressures. Currently, libraries depend on the Internet primarily for connections to resources and other libraries; thus enhancements to the Internet will impact the libraries of the present and future si...

Erhardt-domino, K.; Pletcher, T.; Wilson, W.; Atkins, D.; Panko, W. B.

1994-01-01

107

Metadata and Data Quality Problems in the Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes the main types of data quality errors that occur in digital libraries, both in full-text objects and in metadata. Studying these errors is important because they can block access to online documents and because digital libraries should eliminate errors where possible. Some types of common errors include typographical errors, scanning and data conversion errors, and find and replace errors. Errors in metadata can also hinder access in digital libraries. The paper also disc...

2005-01-01

108

Biblioteca digital de peças teatrais / Digital library of theater plays  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais - BDTeatro é um projeto para preservação, formatação, armazenamento e disseminação de Peças Teatrais. Este projeto foi desenvolvido pela Faculdade de Computação, Faculdade de Artes, Filosofia e Ciências Sociais e Biblioteca Central da Universidade Federal de Uber [...] lândia - UFU. A Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) forneceu parte do suporte financeiro para o PROJETO. BDTeatro foi proposto para resolver os problemas de preservação e disseminação de uma coleção com aproximadamente 800 peças teatrais em papel. Esta coleção apresenta sinais de deterioração e sua digitalização foi a motivação deste projeto. Adicionalmente, a ausência de um catálogo on-line e de um processo automatizado para pesquisa de informações na coleção também motivou o projeto. Este artigo descreve o desenvolvimento da Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais, onde foi usada uma perspectiva interdisciplinar de trabalho, garantindo desta maneira, padrões de qualidade no processo de construção do catálogo, na entrada dos dados e nos mecanismos de pesquisa de informações na coleção. Abstract in english Digital Library of Theater Plays - BDTeatro is a project for preservation, formatting, storage, and dissemination of theater plays. This project was developed by the School of Computation, School of Philosophy, Arts, and Social Science, and Central Library of Federal University of Uberlândia(UFU). T [...] he Foundation to Research Support of the Minas Gerais State (FAPEMIG ) provided partial financial support for the project. BDTeatro was proposed to deal with problems of preservation and dissemination of a collection with approximately eight hundred paper-based theater plays. This collection presents signs of deterioration and its digitalization has motivated this project. Besides, the absence of an on-line catalogue and an automated process to search information in the collection has also motivated the project. This paper describes the development of the Digital Library of Theater Plays where an interdisciplinary perspective of work was used, assuring this way standards of quality in the process of building up the catalog, in text data entrance and in mechanisms of searching by information in the collection.

Angela Maria, Silva; Ilmério Reis, Silva; Luiz Humberto Martins, Arantes.

109

Construction Digital Library towards Resources Sharing in the ASEAN Countries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In modem society, information resources have become important strategic resources for our survival and development. Sharing information resources is a common aspiration. Document resources sharing is the basis of modem document services, and also the working target of the document workers and the key point is the development of digital resources. The purpose of digital resources development is to use and share library information resources effectively, and ultimately fulfill the Southeast Asia and global sharing. It is impossible for any single library, region or country to achieve the digital resources development alone, but to make libraries in various trades and industries and of the whole world play their roles to carry out the development and sharing. This paper discusses the necessity, feasibility and benefits, of developing and sharing Asian library digital document resources, analyses the significance of library digital document resources development and sharing, puts forward some suggestions on ways of Asian library digital document resources sharing in the network environment. This paper focuses on the necessity, feasibility and benefits, of developing and sharing Asian library digital document resources, analyses the significance of library digital document resources development and sharing, puts forward some suggestions on ways of Southeast Asia library digital document resources sharing.

Do Thi Thanh Thuy

2014-02-01

110

Metadata In, Library Out. A Simple, Robust Digital Library System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tired of being held hostage to expensive systems that did not meet our needs, the University of Alabama Libraries developed an XML schema-agnostic, light-weight digital library delivery system based on the principles of "Keep It Simple, Stupid!" Metadata and derivatives reside in openly accessible web directories, which support the development of web agents and new usability software, as well as modification and complete retrieval at any time. The file name structure is echoed in the file system structure, enabling the delivery software to make inferences about relationships, sequencing, and complex object structure without having to encapsulate files in complex metadata schemas. The web delivery system, Acumen, is built of PHP, JSON, JavaScript and HTML5, using MySQL to support fielded searching. Recognizing that spreadsheets are more user-friendly than XML, an accompanying widget, Archivists Utility, transforms spreadsheets into MODS based on rules selected by the user. Acumen, Archivists Utility, and all supporting software scripts will be made available as open source.

Tonio Loewald

2010-06-01

111

Changing Role of Library and Need of Professional skills, Efficiency & Competency in Digital Library Era  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital libraries, once project based and largely autonomous efforts are maturing. As individual programs have grown, each has developed its own personality, reflecting the circumstances of its creation and environment, and its leadership. This report from CLIR and the Digital Library Federation (DLF draws on the results of a survey and case studies of DLF members to reveal how these influences have molded a range of organizational forms that we call the digital library.

Dr.Subhash Pundalikrao Chavan

2012-01-01

112

Ad-Hocracy in Library Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The success of library education in the future is dependent on the planning that is done now. To evaluate the needs of future library education we must note the changes taking place in society as a whole. For example, it is clear that the libraries of the future must serve all groups of a society, in widely different environments. Librarians must…

Boaz, Martha

113

Usability Studies and User-Centered Design in Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries continue to flourish. At the same time, the principles of user-centered design and the practice of usability testing have been growing in popularity, spreading their influence into the library sphere. This article explores the confluence of these two trends by surveying the current literature on usability studies of digital…

Comeaux, David J.

2008-01-01

114

Teaching Digital Libraries in Spain: Context and Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

The situation of digital libraries teaching and learning in Spain up to 2008 is examined. A detailed analysis of the different curricula and subjects is provided both at undergraduate and postgraduate level. Digital libraries have been mostly a postgraduate topic in Spain, but they should become mainstream, with special subjects devoted to them,…

Garcia-Marco, Francisco-Javier

2009-01-01

115

Enhancing a Core Journal Collection for Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This paper aims to address the problem of enhancing the selection of titles offered by a digital library, by analysing the differences in these titles when they are cited by local authors in their publications and when they are listed in the digital library offer. Design/methodology/approach: Text mining techniques were used to identify…

Kovacevic, Ana; Devedzic, Vladan; Pocajt, Viktor

2010-01-01

116

Knowledge Organisation Systems in North American Digital Library Collections  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report an investigation into the types of knowledge organisation systems (KOSs) utilised in North American digital library collections. Design/methodology/approach: The paper identifies, analyses and deep scans online North American hosted digital libraries. It reviews the literature related to the…

Shiri, Ali; Chase-Kruszewski, Sarah

2009-01-01

117

News from the Library: Digital signage: what is it?  

CERN Multimedia

As you might know, "digital signage" is a form of electronic display that shows information, advertising and other messages in both public and private environments.   If you visited the Library lately, you probably discovered that something has changed in the way we inform library users of how our collections and services are evolving. A screen has now replaced the traditional shelf or showcase where libraries usually display new book acquisitions. This new digital showcase dynamically displays new book and ebook acquisitions in the Library, new titles available in the Bookshop, and most downloaded ebooks. The same content will be soon displayed also on the CERN digital signage network.

2012-01-01

118

International collaboration in digital libraries :an analysis of the Manuscriptorium digital library case study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

International collaboration in digital libraries represents a challenging subject for the cultural institutions, as everyone brings its own perspective and approach to the collaborative endeavour. When joining such initiatives, organizations subscribe to a set of technical and financial requirements to which local participants needs to agree. These aspects concern the participants as well as funding institutions or stakeholders. They all contribute to creating a sustainable collaborative init...

2012-01-01

119

Plagiarism-detection framework for digital libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

In digital libraries, documents are in digital forms and they are especially vulnerable from being copied. Existing copy detection methods exhaustively compare every single sentence of two documents and identify the degree of overlapping of the two documents. This approach is not scalable as the number of sentences for each document is often plentiful. In this paper, we propose a copy detection mechanism which could eliminate unnecessary comparisons. This is achieved by pre-parsing the documents to quantify their semantic meanings; comparisons between documents describing different topics could be eliminated s it will not serve any purpose to copy from a document describing an unrelated topic. This process is recursively applied to sections, subsections, subsubsections, etc. until we find two paragraphs which are highly related semantically. The paragraphs are then compared in detail, i.e., per-sentence basis, to determine if the paragraphs are overlapped in a substantive way. The parsing process is based on document retrieval techniques with some helpful heuristics that extract keywords from the documents to index the semantics for each document, section, subsection, and so forth. Weights based on relative occurrences of the keywords are assigned to individual keywords to form a keyword vector. The semantic relationships between different documents, sections, subsections, or paragraphs can be represented by the dot product of their corresponding keyword vectors as in document retrieval systems.

Si, Antonio; Lau, Rynson W.; Leong, Hong V.

1996-09-01

120

A handbook of digital library economics operations, collections and services  

CERN Document Server

This book provides a companion volume to Digital Library Economics and focuses on the 'how to' of managing digital collections and services (of all types) with regard to their financing and financial management. The emphasis is on case studies and practical examples drawn from a wide variety of contexts. A Handbook of Digital Library Economics is a practical manual for those involved - or expecting to be involved - in the development and management of digital libraries.provides practical approach to the subjectfocuses on the challenges associated with the economic and financial aspects of digi

Baker, David P

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Integrating print and digital resources in library collections  

CERN Document Server

Get informed answers to your questions and concerns about integrating the materials in your library's collectionLibrary collections have always included materials in many formats?handling a mix of material types is an accepted part of library work. And in recent years, the very concept of ?collection? has been significantly redefined by the addition of electronic resources. But are print and digital materials really merged in library collections or are they treated and maintained as separate entities? Integrating Print and Digital Resources in Library Collections examines a variety

Katz, Linda S

2013-01-01

122

Building and Sustaining Digital Collections: Models for Libraries and Museums.  

Science.gov (United States)

In February 2001, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) and the National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage (NINCH) convened a meeting to discuss how museums and libraries are building digital collections and what business models are available to sustain them. A group of museum and library senior executives met with…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

123

Digital library as a controversy: Gallica vs Google  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on the theoretical framework of the actor-network sociology of innovation developed by Michel Callon, Bruno Latour and John Law, this paper will focus on the controversy which has been raging in Europe, and particularly in France, since 2004 when Google launched its project of a digital library. This controversy has shed light on different visions of digital libraries which resulted in projects such as the Google Book Search, Gallica 2 in France and Europeana, the European digital libra...

Be?quet, Gae?lle

2009-01-01

124

Academic library user survey: Faculty of Education Library in Osijek  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents some results of the user study, conducted in 1998, among the users of the Osijek Faculty of Education Library. The objective of the study was to determine the scope of library usage, the degree of users’ dis/satisfaction with library services, holdings and the staff. The results indicate that there are differences in library usage between two main user groups – students and teachers. They differ, among other things, in the objectives of library visits, the scope of library usage, the degree of satisfaction with the library and its services, the familiarisation and the level of usage of information technology.Differences in behaviour between these two groups indicate the necessity of a different approach by the library personnel, e.g. intensified work on students’ education.The analysis of the questionnaire leads to the following conclusions:1. Two main user groups of the Faculty of Education Library differ in their requests and needs.2. The degree of dis/satisfaction depends on the group the user belongs to.3. Library users from the fields of arts and humanities, and natural sciences, use information technology to the same degree.

Kornelija Petr

2001-01-01

125

Shaping the library of the future: Digital library developments at Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Research Library  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper offers an overview of current efforts at the Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory, (LANL), to develop digital library services. Current projects of LANL`s Library without Walls initiative are described. Although the architecture of digital libraries generally is experimental and subject to debate, one principle of LANL`s approach to delivering library information is the use of Mosaic as a client for the Research Library`s resources. Several projects under development have significant ramifications for delivering library services over the Internet. Specific efforts via Mosaic include support for preprint databases, providing access to citation databases, and access to a digital image database of unclassified Los Alamos technical reports.

Luce, R.E.

1994-10-01

126

Working in a digital world: new leadership practices for the development of a digital library workforce  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os progressos da biblioteca digital são parte de um movimento global em muitos setores da sociedade rumo ao trabalho virtual e serviços eletrônicos disponibilizados pelos avanços da tecnologia da informação. Este ambiente requer novas atitudes e habilidades na força de trabalho e, por isso, líderes [...] que compreendam as mudanças por que passa a economia da informação e como tratar e desenvolver tal força de trabalho. Este artigo explora métodos para desenvolver os recursos humanos e estimular a criatividade para capitalizar o imenso potencial das bibliotecas digitais no sentido de educar e fortalecer a mudança social. Há uma falta de trabalhadores tecnicamente habilitados e, acima de tudo, de inovadores. Retenção e recrutamento são um dos maiores obstáculos ao avanço dos serviços da biblioteca digital e aos produtos de informação. Abstract in english Digital library developments are part of a global move in many sectors of society toward virtual work and electronic services made possible by the advances in information technology. This environment requires new attitudes and skills in the workforce and therefore leaders who understand the global c [...] hanges underlying the new information economy and how to lead and develop such a workforce. This article explores ways to develop human resources and stimulate creativity to capitalize on the immense potential of digital libraries to educate and empower social change. There is a shortage of technically skilled workers and even more so of innovators. Retention and recruitment is one of the greatest obstacles to developing digital library services and information products.

Johann van, Reenen.

127

Significance of Web 2.0 in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The rapid development of Information and Communication Technologies has provided a well sophisticated environment to develop the digital libraries. A digital library is a large-scale, organized collection of complex and dynamic multimedia information and knowledge, and tools and methods to enable search, manipulation and presentation of this information and knowledge via Internet. User-Centered approach for the digital libraries would increase its usage [1]. Web 2.0 technologies provide better user-centered services with rich user experience for Web applications. Hence this paper deals with the significance of Web 2.0 in building of digital libraries and presents the architecture of Web 2.0 enabled user interface system for DSpace digital repository.

Hanumat G. Sastry,

2010-09-01

128

Search engine technology and digital libraries: libraries need to discover the academic internet  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article is the revised and elaborated version of a presentation that was delivered at the invitation of the American Digital Library Federation (DLF) at their Spring Forum meeting in New Orleans (http://www.diglib.org/forums/Spring2004/springforum04abs.htm). It will be followed by "Search engine technology and digital libraries: Moving from theory to praxis" as a collaborative article from this author and Friedrich Summann, Head of IT at Bielefeld University Library. With the development...

Lossau, Norbert

2004-01-01

129

Search Engine Technology and Digital Libraries - Libraries Need to Discover the Academic Internet  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article is the revised and elaborated version of a presentation that was delivered at the invitation of the American Digital Library Federation (DLF) at their Spring Forum meeting in New Orleans (http://www.diglib.org/forums/Spring2004/springforum04abs.htm). It will be followed by "Search engine technology and digital libraries: Moving from theory to praxis" as a collaborative article from this author and Friedrich Summann, Head of IT at Bielefeld University Library. With the development...

Lossau, Norbert

2004-01-01

130

LIBER's Involvement in Supporting Digital Preservation in Member Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital curation and preservation represent new challenges for universities. LIBER has invested considerable effort to engage with the new agendas of digital preservation and digital curation. Through two successful phases of the LIFE project, LIBER is breaking new ground in identifying innovative models for costing digital curation and preservation. Through LIFE’s input into the US-UK Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access, LIBER is aligned with major international work in the economics of digital preservation. In its emerging new strategy and structures, LIBER will continue to make substantial contributions in this area, mindful of the needs of European research libraries.

Paul Ayris

2009-03-01

131

Library Services in the Digital Age  

Science.gov (United States)

This report explores the changing world of library services by exploring the activities at libraries that are already in transition and the kinds of services citizens would like to see if they could redesign libraries themselves. It is part of a larger research effort by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project that is exploring…

Zickuhr, Kathryn; Rainie, Lee; Purcell, Kristen

2013-01-01

132

DILIGENT: a DIgital Library Infrastructure on Grid Enabled Technology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This document presents the DILIGENT Infrastructure and describes how the DILIGENT project has been conceived through the lessons learned from the experience made in realizing the ERCIM Technical Reference Digital Library and the OpenDLib system

Castelli, Donatella

2005-01-01

133

Touch-Optimised Mobile Interface for Invenio Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is free software platform for digital libraries and document repositories on the web. Invenio was originally developed at CERN to power its scientific document server containing about 1 million of articles, books, photos, videos, and more.\

Tapparel, Yannick

134

Digital Curation for Science, Digital Libraries, and Individuals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The creation, management and use of digital materials are of increasing importance for a wide range of activities. Much of the knowledge base and intellectual assets of institutions and individuals are now in digital form. The term digital curation is increasingly being used for the actions needed to add value to and maintain these digital assets over time for current and future generations of users. The paper explores this emerging field of digital curation as an area of inter-disciplinary r...

Beagrie, Neil

2006-01-01

135

Integrating the digital library puzzle: The library without walls at Los Alamos  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Current efforts at the Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), to develop digital library services are described. A key principle of LANL`s approach to delivering library information is the integration of products into a common interface and the use of the Web as the medium of service provision. Products described include science databases such as the SciSearch at LANL and electronic journals. Project developments described have significant ramifications for delivering library services over the Internet.

Luce, R.E.

1998-12-01

136

Content-Based Information Retrieval and Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper discusses the applications and importance of content-based information retrieval technology in digital libraries. It generalizes the process and analyzes current examples in four areas of the technology. Content-based information retrieval has been shown to be an effective way to search for the type of multimedia documents that are increasingly stored in digital libraries. As a good complement to traditional textbased information retrieval technology, content-based informatio...

2013-01-01

137

Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure  

Science.gov (United States)

Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

1993-01-01

138

Extensible Digital Library User Portals for e-Infrastructures  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract. Large scale Digital Library e-Infrastructures are emerging as a new approach for facilitating the development of Digital Libraries (DLs) serving diverse user communities with specific and continuously evolving requirements. Such an approach promotes the building of large-scale DLs via the dynamic, automated management of highly-distributed DL resources - e.g. collections of information objects, services, computing and storage resources - and enforcing controlled sharing of such reso...

Assante, Massimiliano; Frosini, Luca

2008-01-01

139

A reference architecture for digital library systems : principles and applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A reference architecture for a domain provides an architectural template which can be used as a starting point for designing the software architecture of a system in that domain. Despite the popularity of tools and systems commonly termed "Digital Library" very few attempts exists to set the foundation governing their development thus making integration of reuse of third party assets and results very difficult. This paper presents a reference architecture for a Digital Library domain ...

2007-01-01

140

Collaboratory Digital Libraries for Humanities in the Italian context  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study investigates the approach to collaboration in Humanities, within the Italian context, to test the possibility of collaborative digital library for scholars. The research hypothesis is that collaboration can foster innovation and scientific development: therefore, within Humanities, digital libraries can be the collaborative laboratory for research. Thus, understanding perception of scholars towards collaboration, especially online, and comprehending if wiki systems could be the fram...

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

The Internet: will this highway serve the digital library?  

Science.gov (United States)

The future of the biomedical enterprise and the biomedical libraries that serve it is tied closely to digital information. The changing nature of this type of information will create new pressures on libraries, particularly in health care organizations. Libraries must learn to deal with these pressures. Currently, libraries depend on the Internet primarily for connections to resources and other libraries; thus enhancements to the Internet will impact the libraries of the present and future significantly. This paper provides an overview of the technical capabilities that will be available in the near to midterm, what libraries will be able to do with those capabilities, and how libraries can position themselves to take advantage of the impending changes. PMID:7841914

Erhardt-Domino, K; Pletcher, T; Wilson, W; Atkins, D; Panko, W B

1994-10-01

142

Cracking the Egg: The South Carolina Digital Library's New Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the historical foundations of the South Carolina Digital Library, a collaborative statewide program that ties together academic special collections and archives, public libraries, state government archives, and other cultural resource institutions in an effort to provide the state with a comprehensive database of online…

Vinson, Christopher G.; Boyd, Kate Foster

2008-01-01

143

Teaching Analytics: A Clustering and Triangulation Study of Digital Library User Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers and students increasingly enjoy unprecedented access to abundant web resources and digital libraries to enhance and enrich their classroom experiences. However, due to the distributed nature of such systems, conventional educational research methods, such as surveys and observations, provide only limited snapshots. In addition,…

Xu, Beijie; Recker, Mimi

2012-01-01

144

Evaluating Digital Libraries: A Longitudinal and Multifaceted View.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Perseus Digital Library (PDL), under continuous development since 1987, is one of the primary digital resources for the humanities. A summary of the PDL genesis and current status is given and the multifaceted and longitudinal evaluation effort is described. A brief synthesis of results is provided and reflections on the evaluation along with…

Marchionini, Gary

2000-01-01

145

???????????????????? | The Development of Digital Library / Digital Museum - A Communicator's View  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

???49-56

?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????virtual reading community????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

For the research and development of a new multi-medium like digital library and digital museum, there is a great deal of concern from communication theories and the nature of digital medium. Besides of the theory of "transmission model," other theories like "communication as culture," "diffusion of innovations," and "new media technology" should be taken into account seriously

??? Ying-Chun Hsieh

2000-10-01

146

The Alexandria Digital Library Project Review, Assessment, and Prospects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL was established in the late 1990s as a response to several perceived problems of traditional map libraries, notably access and organization. By 1999 it had evolved into an operational digital library, offering a well-defined set of services to a broad user community, based on an extensive collection of georeferenced information objects. The vision of ADL continues to evolve, as technology makes new services possible, as its users become more sophisticated and demanding, and as the broader field of geographic information science (GlScience identifies new avenues for research and application.

Michael F Goodchild

2005-01-01

147

Library and Educational Technology Policies in Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the various provisions for the library in the National policy on Education (1981 have been highlighted. The antecedents to these provisions are also shown. Finally, some of the major weaknesses in the provisions for the library are outlined. It was concluded that the provisions for the library in the various sections are indications of government acceptance of the library as an instrument for teaching and learning activities and so two recommendations are made to enhance library services in the country.

Joseph O. Aina

2004-12-01

148

Evaluation of Digital Libraries: A DEA Approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

A complex tool, data envelopment analysis (DEA) was used to evaluate the relative efficiency of major academic research libraries that are members of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). Results of a two-year base line study using traditional measures taken from 1995-96 ARL statistics are reported. (AEF)

Shim, Wonsik; Kantor, Paul B.

1999-01-01

149

Public Libraries, Digital Literacy and Participatory Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years public libraries have experimented with user-generated or community-contributed content through the interactive tools of Web 2.0. For some commentators this not just establishes a new relationship between libraries and their publics, but signals the end of information hegemony and an "expert paradigm". Such claims need to be…

McShane, Ian

2011-01-01

150

News from the Library: Advancing light - SPIE Digital Library accessible to CERN till 31 March 2012  

CERN Multimedia

SPIE (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers) is a not-for-profit international society which publishes one of the largest collections of applied optics and photonics research papers in the world: the SPIE Digital Library.   This resource includes more than 300,000 technical papers from SPIE journals, e-books and conference proceedings from 1990 to the present. The SPIE Digital Library covers many areas of interest for CERN users, such as astronomy, nanotechnology, sensors, lasers, electro-optics and imaging. The CERN Library has trial access to the complete resource till 31 March 2012, don't hesitate to give it a try! Access to the SPIE Digital Library here. We welcome any comment or question at library.desk@cern.ch.

CERN Library

2012-01-01

151

Digital Preservation and Deep Infrastructure; Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Progress Report and Workplan for 2002; Video Gaming, Education and Digital Learning Technologies: Relevance and Opportunities; Digital Collections of Real World Objects; The MusArt Music-Retrieval System: An Overview; eML: Taking Mississippi Libraries into the 21st Century.  

Science.gov (United States)

One opinion piece and five articles in this issue discuss: digital preservation infrastructure; accomplishments and changes in the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative in 2001 and plans for 2002; video gaming and how it relates to digital libraries and learning technologies; overview of a music retrieval system; and the online version of the…

Granger, Stewart; Dekkers, Makx; Weibel, Stuart L.; Kirriemuir, John; Lensch, Hendrik P. A.; Goesele, Michael; Seidel, Hans-Peter; Birmingham, William; Pardo, Bryan; Meek, Colin; Shifrin, Jonah; Goodvin, Renee; Lippy, Brooke

2002-01-01

152

Storytelling – EDU: Educational - Digital – Unlimited?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is undisputed that storytelling is one of the oldest practices of humankind and has been ever-present in social life. This traditional role of narrating has gained new and unexpected topicality in the last decades in various fields and in many respects. Today, 'digital storytelling' is widely established as an umbrella term. Related phenomena are being discussed in terms of mediation, mediatization, multimodal forms of narration and others. As to educational issues, the situation seems to be rather ambivalent. On the one hand, digital storytelling offers enhancements of learning experiences, chances for meaningful learning and democratization, and also for bridging formal and informal contexts. On the other hand, we can observe a persistent adherence of educational institutions to "writing" as the dominant medium in many countries, thus negating media ecologies and the multimedia environment. Especially regular schools are widely conceptualized as "monomedial provinces" (J. Böhme, thus being justified as "literal countercultures" in which it is imperative to defend literality as the foremost achievement in the process of civilization, whereas otherwise calls for "new literacies" cannot go unnoticed. The contribution reflects on various understandings of 'digital storytelling' and underestimated dimensions in this regard. It aims at pointing out conceptual problems, and it sounds out limitations of the utilization of digital storytelling in educational contexts.

Theo Hug

2012-04-01

153

Application of Data Mining Technology in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the rapid development of computer technology and network technology, it ushers in a new Internet era characterized by information and knowledge. There is an urgent need for a new generation of technologies and methods to help exploit the treasures of information, and to be refined, so as to become useful knowledge. Data mining is the core part of knowledge discovery. Its techniques and methods have great application space and value in the digital library. Data mining technology can help people to develop vast amounts of information in depth, extract the inherent link of the heterogeneous information to promote the digital library. This paper describes technologies relating with data mining, introduces the process of data mining, illustrates the main features, explores applications of three aspects in the digital library, indicates application meaning, analyzes the key problems of implementation in digital libraries, and finally take a study case on analysis of low utilization readers in Linyi university library by decision tree algorithm.

Mei Zhang

2011-04-01

154

Discovering Digital Library User Behavior with Google Analytics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Google Analytics has advanced features for tracking search queries, events such as clicking external links or downloading files, which you can use to track user behavior that is normally difficult to track with traditional web logging software. By tracking behavior, you can use Google Analytics API to extract data and integrate it with data from your digital repository to show granular data about individual items. Using this information, digital libraries can learn how users use the site with...

Kirk Hess

2012-01-01

155

MIT's 3.091 and NSDL Materials Digital Library: Investigating the Role of Digital Libraries in Freshmen Introductory Science Courses with No Lab Component  

Science.gov (United States)

One example of the reality facing science educators is the practical impossibility of providing meaningful laboratory experience in large introductory undergraduate science courses. The Materials Digital Library (MatDL), as part of the National Science Foundation (NSF) National Science Digital Library (NSDL) program, investigates issues associated with the delivery of content in materials science and its cognate areas. The focus of the current work is to investigate the feasibility of using data archived in digital libraries to provide freshmen in large introductory science classes a virtual laboratory experience that meets many of the educational objectives of classical laboratory offerings. Also, the question of scalability and broader applicability, e.g., to freshman physics, is under study. The results of a new pilot project launched this academic year will be reported. The virtual laboratory is associated with ``Introduction to Solid State Chemistry 3.091,'' a course that over half the freshman class at MIT choose to satisfy the chemistry requirement but which lacks a laboratory component.

Sadoway, Donald; Bartolo, Laura

2005-03-01

156

Music-Notation Searching and Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Almost all work on music information retrieval to date has concentrated on music in the audio and event (normally MIDI) domains. However, music in the form of notation, especially Conventional Music Notation (CMN), is of much interest to musically trained persons, both amateurs and professionals, and searching CMN has great value for digital music…

Byrd, Donald

157

American Education, Entrepreneurship, and the Public Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of compulsory school attendance in United States focuses on a national exodus from public schools into self-education or other alternative education by the 5 percent of the nation's children classified as gifted. Nurturing of the innovative mind and entrepreneurial daring by the public library movement is addressed. Six references are…

Thompson, Philip R.

1984-01-01

158

Generalizing the OpenURL Framework beyond References to Scholarly Works: The Bison-Fute Model; Digital Libraries and Education: Trends and Opportunities; E-Books and Their Future in Academic Libraries: An Overview; Penn State Visual Image User Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes four articles that discuss a conceptual framework for open and context-sensitive reference linking for Web-based scholarly information; issues for academic libraries due to increased use of information and communication technologies; the future of electronic books in academic libraries; and an academic library user study on the needs for…

Van de Sompel, Herbert; Beit-Arie, Oren; Roes, Hans; Snowhill, Lucia; Pisciotta, Henry; Brisson, Roger; Ferrin, Eric; Dooris, Michael; Spink, Amanda

2001-01-01

159

Digital Division Is Cultural Exclusion, but Is Digital Inclusion Cultural Inclusion?; We Come from Around the World and Share Similar Visions; Oksale: An Indigenous Approach to Creating a Virtual Library of Education Resources; Whose Rules? Intellectual Property, Culture and Indigenous Communities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes four articles that discuss digital technology and indigenous communities. Highlights include digitization of cultural resources; cultural instantiation in electronic media; partnerships; the needs of indigenous groups; library school students' service-based learning experiences in creating a virtual library for a tribal village; and…

Worcman, Karen; Holland, Maurita Peterson; Roy, Loriene; Larsen, Peter; Seadle, Michael

2002-01-01

160

Prelude to a Digital Music Library at the Pennsylvania State University: Networking Audio for Academic Library Users.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the creation of a digital music library at Pennsylvania State University. Highlights include infrastructure, including hardware, software, and streaming technology; the digitization of library collections, including copyright considerations, long-term preservation of audio, and access through the library's online catalog; staffing; and…

Maple, Amanda; Henderson, Tona

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

A Survey of Document Image Retrieval in Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper, we analyze the current trends in the applications of Document Image Retrieval techniques in the field of Digital Libraries. We present the different techniques in a single framework in which the emphasis is put on the representation level at which the similarity between the query and the indexed documents is computed.

Marinai, Simone

2006-01-01

162

Content and Knowledge Management in a Digital Library and Museum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the design of the National Taiwan University Digital Library and Museum that addresses both content and knowledge management. Describes a two-tier repository architecture that facilitates content management, includes an object-oriented model to facilitate the management of temporal information, and eliminates the need to manually…

Yeh, Jian-Hua; Chang, Jia-Yang; Oyang, Yen-Jen

2000-01-01

163

Digital Libraries, Conceptual Knowledge Systems, and the Nebula Interface  

CERN Document Server

Concept Analysis provides a principled approach to effective management of wide area information systems, such as the Nebula File System and Interface. This not only offers evidence to support the assertion that a digital library is a bounded collection of incommensurate information sources in a logical space, but also sheds light on techniques for collaboration through coordinated access to the shared organization of knowledge.

Kent, Robert E

2011-01-01

164

Three-Dimensional Extension of a Digital Library Service System  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The paper aims to provide an overall methodology and case study for the innovation and extension of a digital library, especially the service system. Design/methodology/approach: Based on the three-dimensional structure theory of the information service industry, this paper combines a comprehensive analysis with the practical experiences…

Xiao, Long

2010-01-01

165

XML, TEI, and Digital Libraries in the Humanities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the history and major features of XML and TEI, discusses their potential utility for the creation of digital libraries, and focuses on XML's application in the humanities, particularly theater and drama studies. Highlights include HTML and hyperlinks; the impact of XML on text encoding and document access; and XML and academic…

Nellhaus, Tobin

2001-01-01

166

Going Digital: The Transformation of Scholarly Communication and Academic Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Not since the age of Gutenberg has an information upheaval so thoroughly disrupted the processes of scholarly knowledge creation, management and preservation as the digital revolution currently under way. Academic libraries have traditionally been structured to effectively facilitate the access, use and storage of mostly static, print-based…

Dunlap, Isaac Hunter

2008-01-01

167

Mathematical Sciences Digital Library Loci: Convergence  

Science.gov (United States)

This online publication provides resources for teaching mathematics by using the history of the science. The website features a library of articles on the history of mathematics that is searchable by keyword or term and browseable by subject, format, or type. Advanced searching allows users to select subject, format, resource type, author. keywords, and a publishing date range. Other materials at the website include literature reviews, a portrait gallery of famous mathematicians, historic math problems, an "On This Day" feature, a quote of the day, and links to news items and featured articles.

168

CERN Document Server Software: the integrated digital library  

CERN Document Server

CERN as the international European Organization for Nuclear Research has been involved since its early beginnings with the open dissemination of scientific results. The dissemination started by free paper distribution of preprints by CERN Library and continued electronically via FTP bulletin boards, the World Wide Web to the current OAI-compliant CERN Document Server. CERN Document Server Software (CDSware) is a suite of applications which provides the framework and tools for building and managing an autonomous digital library server. In this paper, we discuss the design philosophy of CDSware and its modular, extensible, architecture. Each module comes as an independent entity embodying a specific aspect of digital library workflow. By means of a flow-chart we present the operational workflow of the system, depicting its module interactions. Hence, some of the key features in the CDSware technology are introduced more in detail, namely metadata representation, acquisition and delivery, indexing and ranking te...

Pepe, Alberto; Gracco, Maja; Le Meur, Jean-Yves; Robinson, Nicholas; Simko, Tibor; Vesely, Martin

2005-01-01

169

Java, Image Browsing, and the NCSA Astronomy Digital Image Library  

Science.gov (United States)

We review our experience, including some lessons learned, with using Java to create data browsing tools for use with the Astronomy Digital Image Library (ADIL) and related digital library projects at NCSA\\@. We give an overview of our Image Data Browser, a generalized tool under development through a collaboration with the NCSA/NASA Project Horizon in support of access to earth and space science data. Emphasis has been placed on a design that can support a variety of data formats and applications both within and outside of astronomy. ADIL will use this tool in a variety of guises to browse and download images from the Library's collection. We see such a tool filling an important niche as a pipeline from a data repository to specialized, native data analysis software (e.g., IRAF, AIPS).

Plante, R. L.; Goscha, D.

170

The National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program; Metadata Principles and Practicalities; Challenges for Service Providers when Importing Metadata in Digital Libraries; Integrated and Aggregated Reference Services.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes 6 articles that discuss the National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program at the Library of Congress; metadata in digital libraries; integrated reference services on the Web. (LRW)

Friedlander, Amy; Duval, Erik; Hodgins, Wayne; Sutton, Stuart; Weibel, Stuart L.; McClelland, Marilyn; McArthur, David; Giersch, Sarah; Geisler, Gary; Hodgkin, Adam

2002-01-01

171

Exploring education for digital librarians meaning, modes and models  

CERN Document Server

Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b

Myburgh, Sue

2013-01-01

172

Digital libraries and World Wide Web sites and page persistence.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web pages and Web sites, some argue, can either be collected as elements of digital or hybrid libraries, or, as others would have it, the WWW is itself a library. We begin with the assumption that Web pages and Web sites can be collected and categorized. The paper explores the proposition that the WWW constitutes a library. We conclude that the Web is not a digital library. However, its component parts can be aggregated and included as parts of digital library collections. These, in turn, can be incorporated into "hybrid libraries." These are libraries with both traditional and digital collections. Material on the Web can be organized and managed. Native documents can be collected in situ, disseminated, distributed, catalogueed, indexed, controlled, in traditional library fashion. The Web therefore is not a library, but material for library collections is selected from the Web. That said, the Web and its component parts are dynamic. Web documents undergo two kinds of change. The first type, the type addressed in this paper, is "persistence" or the existence or disappearance of Web pages and sites, or in a word the lifecycle of Web documents. "Intermittence" is a variant of persistence, and is defined as the disappearance but reappearance of Web documents. At any given time, about five percent of Web pages are intermittent, which is to say they are gone but will return. Over time a Web collection erodes. Based on a 120-week longitudinal study of a sample of Web documents, it appears that the half-life of a Web page is somewhat less than two years and the half-life of a Web site is somewhat more than two years. That is to say, an unweeded Web document collection created two years ago would contain the same number of URLs, but only half of those URLs point to content. The second type of change Web documents experience is change in Web page or Web site content. Again based on the Web document samples, very nearly all Web pages and sites undergo some form of content within the period of a year. Some change content very rapidly while others do so infrequently (Koehler, 1999a. This paper examines how Web documents can be efficiently and effectively incorporated into library collections. This paper focuses on Web document lifecycles: persistence, attrition, and intermittence. While the frequency of content change has been reported (Koehler, 1999a, the degree to which those changes effect meaning and therefore the integrity of bibliographic representation is yet not fully understood. The dynamics of change sets Web libraries apart from the traditional library as well as many digital libraries. This paper seeks then to further our understanding of the Web page and Web site lifecycle. These patterns challenge the integrity and the usefulness of libraries with Web content. However, if these dynamics are understood, they can be controlled for or managed.

Wallace Koehler

1999-01-01

173

Students’ Digital Archive at the State University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Sofia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper describes the creation and content of the digital archive of photographs, films and materials from fieldwork (interviews, surveys, and observations) of students from the Information Funds of the Cultural and Historical Heritage program at the State University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Sofia, Bulgaria. The text discusses the educational opportunities of the archive, and the plans for publishing it as CD and for conversion into an electronic archive on the Inter...

Nazarska, Georgeta

2012-01-01

174

Understanding Teacher Users of a Digital Library Service: A Clustering Approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article describes the Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD) process and its application in the field of educational data mining (EDM) in the context of a digital library service called the Instructional Architect (IA.usu.edu). In particular, the study reported in this article investigated a certain type of data mining problem, clustering, and used a statistical model, latent class analysis, to group the IA teacher users according to their diverse online behaviors. The use of LCA succ...

2011-01-01

175

Understanding Digital Library/Museum Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Museum Program launched by National Science Council (NSC has completed its first phase auditing at the end of 1999. The evaluation programs for DL/M at the different levels for the various purposes are highly recommended. The typical spots for DL/M evaluation include system analysis phase, prototype stage (formative evaluation, performance evaluation (summative evaluation, and for the resources management purposes -- cost-effectiveness evaluation. This paper discusses the important functions of evaluation at the different stages of system design, reviews the major DL/M evaluation projects, delineates the critical issues of DL/M evaluation program. And finally, a theoretical framework for DL/M evaluation program is suggested.[Article content in Chinese

Mei-Mei Wu

1999-12-01

176

Digital Mathematics Libraries: The Good, the Bad, the Ugly  

CERN Multimedia

The idea of a World digital mathematics library (DML) has been around since the turn of the 21th century. We feel that it is time to make it a reality, starting in a modest way from successful bricks that have already been built, but with an ambitious goal in mind. After a brief historical overview of publishing mathematics, an estimate of the size and a characterisation of the bulk of documents to be included in the DML, we turn to proposing a model for a Reference Digital Mathematics Library--a network of institutions where the digital documents would be physically archived. This pattern based rather on the bottom-up strategy seems to be more practicable and consistent with the digital nature of the DML. After describing the model we summarise what can and should be done in order to accomplish the vision. The current state of some of the local libraries that could contribute to the global views are described with more details.

Bouche, Thierry

2010-01-01

177

The British Experience in Preserving Digital Library Collections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The increasing amount of information being produced digitally is impacting on and changing forever the expectations of users in all spheres of life. Digital access has many advantages over paper-based access in terms of convenience and functionality. However there are challenges, not yet wholly resolved, associated with ensuring that the many and varied digital resources being created will continue to be accessible. The long-term preservation of research collections in digital form is therefore an issue of increasing concern to research libraries around the world. Preservation and access to this information is dependent on impermanent media and technologies and adapting or re-engineering existing organisational and legal frameworks.

Neil Beagrie

2000-06-01

178

Implications of the White House Conference on Library and Information Services for Library Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Assesses the significance of the Conference on five areas toward which library educators can focus attention: (1) public awareness of libraries, (2) user-oriented library services, (3) resource sharing and networking, (4) enabling mechanisms for library legislation and funding, and (5) library research needs. Fifteen references are listed. (FM)

Journal of Education for Librarianship, 1981

1981-01-01

179

Discovering Digital Library User Behavior with Google Analytics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Google Analytics has advanced features for tracking search queries, events such as clicking external links or downloading files, which you can use to track user behavior that is normally difficult to track with traditional web logging software. By tracking behavior, you can use Google Analytics API to extract data and integrate it with data from your digital repository to show granular data about individual items. Using this information, digital libraries can learn how users use the site without extensive HCI studies, and can use this information to improve the user experience.

Kirk Hess

2012-06-01

180

Invenio: A Modern Digital Library System for Grey Literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Invenio is an integrated digital library system originally developed at CERN to run the CERN Document Server, currently one of the largest institutional repositories worldwide. It was started over 15 years ago and has been matured through many release cycles. Invenio is a GPL2 Open Source project based on an Apache/WSGI+Python+MySQL architecture. Its modular design enables it to serve a wide variety of usages, from a multimedia digital object repository, to a web journal, to a fully functiona...

Caffaro, Jerome; Kaplun, Samuele; Greynet, Grey Literature Network Service

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

From Laboratory to Library: The History of Wayne State University's Education Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Education Library at Wayne State University has a long and storied history. From its beginning at the Detroit Normal School to its final merger with the general library, the Education Library has been at the heart of not only Wayne State University, but also in the development of the College of Education. This paper chronicles the history of…

Alteri, Suzan A.

2009-01-01

182

Improving Semantic Search in Digital Libraries Using Multimedia Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Semantic search of cultural content is of major importance in current digital libraries, such as in Europeana. Content metadata constitute the main features of cultural items that are analysed, mapped and used to interpret users' queries, so that the most appropriate content is selected and presented to the users. Multimedia, especially visual, analysis, has not been a main component in these developments. This paper presents a new semantic search methodology, including a query answering mechanism which meets the semantics of users' queries and enriches the answers by exploiting appropriate visual features, both local and MPEG-7, through an interweaved knowledge and machine learning based approach. An experimental study is presented, using content from the Europeana digital library, and involving both thematic knowledge and extracted visual features from Europeana images, illustrating the improved performance of the proposed semantic search approach.

Kostas Rapantzikos

2012-04-01

183

Multi-lingual Information Retrieval in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the advancements of the Internet and the Digital Library Initiatives in the U.S.A., the research of digital library has been flourished around the world. Recently the increasing availability of networked access to multilingual text collections within such an environment has drawn much attention in the development of cross-language retrieval technology. This article is used to structure a comprehensive discussion of published research and known commercial practice in the western world on the topic. In addition to the focus on the characteristics of Chinese text collections, some brief observations of the potential for multilingual information retrieval are also discussed in details.[Article content in Chinese

Hsiao-Tieh Pu

1997-12-01

184

NDLTD: Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at Virginia Tech, one of the first universities to require students to develop and submit electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), the NDLTD works internationally to make student research more available to scholars, reduce the cost of submitting and maintaining manuscripts, and advance digital library technology more generally. At the homepage, users will find a number of resources and news items regarding these efforts. The project's digital library provides access to the full text (most in .pdf format) of a large number of ETDs via the list of University Nodes and related sites. Most of the linked sites allow users to both browse and search for dissertations. Users can also try a working prototype of a federated search engine that performs parallel queries across several dozen search sites provided by participants in the project. Please note that some ETDs are only available to campus users.

185

Tailor-made training for digital library software  

CERN Multimedia

Six librarians and IT engineers from Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Morocco are currently spending several weeks at CERN as a follow-up to the 5-day CERN-UNESCO Digital Libraries School held in Dakar, Senegal, last year. During their stay, they are honing their mastery of CERN’s Invenio digital library management platform in order to put it to a variety of uses once they return home.   From left to right: Essaid Ait Allal (Morocco), Guillaume Nikiema (Burkina Faso), Eric Guedegbe (Senegal), Fama Diagne Sene Ndiaye (Senegal), Abdrahamane Anne (Mali) and Jens VIGEN (CERN).  Cécile Coulibaly (Ivory Coast), who was also taking part in the training programme, is not in the picture. “We plan to use Invenio to build a portal for all African university dissertations to make them accessible to the global academic community. We need a system which can harvest data from various existing platforms, then convert the bibliographic records and make them...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

186

On the Library and Information Literacy Education of Vulnerable Groups  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper defines and classifies vulnerable groups, elaborates the necessity of information literacy education of vulnerable groups, analyzes the feasibility for the library to carry out the education, and then discusses specific measures taken by the library to fulfill it.

Zhu, Tian-hui

2009-01-01

187

Reflective teaching, effective learning instructional literacy for library educators  

CERN Document Server

Char Booth, an avid library education and technology advocate, introduces a series of concepts that will empower readers at any level of experience to become better designers and presenters, as well as building their confidence and satisfaction as library educators

Booth, Char

2011-01-01

188

Book Review of: Digital Libraries: Principles and Practice in a Global Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A simple search in the Amazon bookstore (Amazon.com returns more than 300 books with the term digital library/libraries in their title. 'Digital libraries' is a topic that has been attracting a great deal of attention from researchers in a variety of academic disciplines – especially the library and information science (LIS, and computer science communities. However, there is no consensus on the formal definition of digital libraries. This is partly due to the fact that researchers in different fields look at digital libraries from different perspectives.

Hamid R. Jamali

2006-03-01

189

DL.org - Digital library technology and methodology cook book  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The demand for powerful and rich Digital Libraries able to support a large variety of interdisciplinary activities as well as the data deluge the information society is nowadays confronted with have increased the need for 'building by re-use' and 'sharing'. Interoperability at a technical, semantic and organisational level is a central issue to satisfy these needs. Despite its importance, and the many attempts to resolve this problem in the past, existing solutions are still very limited. The...

Athanasopoulos, George; Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; El Raheb, Katerina; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, Ana; Ross, Seamus; Tani, Alice; Thanos, Costantino; Toli, Eleni; Vullo, Giuseppina

2011-01-01

190

Designing the User Interface for the Físchlár Digital Video Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A framework for designing video content browsers that are based on browsing keyframes and are used in digital video libraries is presented. Based on a review of existing ideas and systems, we derive a design space to compare existing browser interfaces and to specify new interface ideas in a more systematic way. This design space is used to illustrate three distinctive video browser interfaces we have developed. Results and analysis of user testing on these browsers are also presented, inform...

Lee, Hyowon Centre For Digital Video Processing; Smeaton, Alan F. Centre For Digital Video Processing

2002-01-01

191

Building large heterogeneous interconnected digital library infrastructures: the interoperability challenge  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Interoperability is a multi-layered and context-specific concept, crucial when building heterogeneous interconnected Digital Library infrastructures. It encompasses different levels along a multidimensional spectrum. Two key problems hinder the achievement of interoperability: (i) the heterogeneity of the exchanged information which covers all types of syntactic, structural, and semantic diversities among systems used to modelling information and (ii) the inconsistency between the use of the ...

Thanos, Costantino; Castelli, Donatella; Candela, Leonardo

2010-01-01

192

Assessing Visualization Techniques for the Search Process in Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper we present an overview of several visualization techniques to support the search process in Digital Libraries (DLs). The search process typically can be separated into three major phases: query formulation and refinement, browsing through result lists and viewing and interacting with documents and their properties. We discuss a selection of popular visualization techniques that have been developed for the different phases to support the user during the search p...

Hoek, Wilko; Mayr, Philipp

2013-01-01

193

Observing cassette culture: user interface implications for digital music libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many people keep their collections of music on cassette tape even if they rarely listen to them. Images of these collections can be found online on photo sharing websites. What can we learn from such collections and what might they tell us about designing interfaces for new digital music libraries? The author conducts an online ethnographic study of over two hundred cassette tape collections, and over sixty participants with the aim of guiding future design of music collections. The author pr...

Toal, Jason

2007-01-01

194

Aggregative digital library systems in the DRIVER infrastructure  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The world-wide diffusion of Institutional Repositories led to a growing demand for Aggregative Digital Library Systems (ADLSs). ADLSs provide research organizations with end-user applications over an extensive Information Space of metadata records, collected and aggregated from a pool of potentially heterogeneous repositories. Such Information Spaces are populated by means of software designed to harvest and normalize metadata records from OAI-PMH compatible repositories. ADLSs are characteri...

Manghi, Paolo; Mikulicic, Marko; Artini, Michele; Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; Pagano, Pasquale

2009-01-01

195

First approaches to the usability of Digital Map Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Internet is a powerful tool providing different online communication options on geographic approaches. In addition to searching, geoportals provide tools to visualize, explore and download information. Cartographic heritage contained in the Digital Map Libraries (DML) stands out as an exceptional case within the generic frame of a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). There are useful and basic similarities between the global reality of an SDI as a distributed geoportal and a DML; conformanc...

Ferna?ndez Wyttenbach, Alberto; Moya Honduvilla, Javier; A?lvarez, Mabel; Bernabe Poveda, Miguel Angel

2008-01-01

196

BUCEADOR, a multi-language search engine for digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents a web-based multimedia search engine built within the Buceador (www.buceador.org) research project. A proof-of-concept tool has been implemented which is able to retrieve information from a digital library made of multimedia documents in the 4 official languages in Spain (Spanish, Basque, Catalan and Galician). The retrieved documents are presented in the user language after translation and dubbing (the four previous languages + English). The paper presents the tool functi...

Adell Mercado, Jordi; Bonafonte Ca?vez, Antonio; Cardenal, Antonio; Ruiz Costa-jussa?, Marta; Rodri?guez Fonollosa, Jose? Adria?n; Moreno Bilbao, M. Asuncio?n; Navas, Eva; Rodri?guez Banga, Eduardo

2012-01-01

197

Virtual Library as an educational tool for information specialists  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The changes in the field of education lead to permanent, long-life learning and education with use of tools provided by Internet. Especially the virtual libraries with educational resources are useful for accessing information, managing information and getting knowledge. The Virtual Library created at Library and Information Science Department at Nicholas Copernicus University contains educational materials applying to many subjects taught during the Library and Information Science studies. T...

Zurawska, Katarzyna Millena; Zurawski, Bronislaw

2001-01-01

198

Professional Library Development, Manpower Education and Training in Jordan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides background on the library movement in Jordan since the 1950s and describes the main categories of library education in Jordan: (1) short-training courses; (2) subprofessional education offered by two-year colleges; and (3) professional postgraduate education. The roles of the Jordan Library Association and other institutions are…

Younis, Abdul Razeq

1992-01-01

199

Metadata issues in Digital Libraries: key concepts and perspectives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article sets out to investigate the meaning, role and implications of some information management approaches used in Digital Library practice. A greater focus on innovation in managing online resources and on improving their interoperability can be achieved by normalizing metadata schemas through interoperable standards, world-wide accepted controlled vocabularies as well as by their enrichment through qualitatively constructed ontologies and linked data, which are key to the expansion of the semantic reasoning on the web through building and connection of additional semantic layers on top of metadata descriptions. Reviewing some innovative methods of information representation (LODe-BD, SWAP, the paper tries to lead the reader to discover some new ways of knowledge creation in digital information environment, in particular what concerns digital bibliographic records.

Iryna Solodovnik

2011-12-01

200

The National Engineering Education Delivery System: A Digital Library for Engineering Education [and] Reference Linking in a Hybrid Library Environment (Part 1: Frameworks for Linking & Part 2:SFX, a Generic Linking Solution) [and] The State of the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative [and] Distributed Information and Computation in Scientific and Engineering Environments.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes NEEDS (National Engineering Education Delivery System), a distributed server architecture developed to enable new pedagogical models based on Internet-mediated learning environments; linking solutions for electronic library services; Dublin Core updates citing relationship to other metadata efforts; and the computational, structural and…

Muramatsu, Brandon; Agogino, Alice M.; Van de Sompel, Herbert; Hochstenbach, Patrick; Weibel, Stuart; Patrikalakis, Nicholas M.; Fortier, Paul J.; Ioannidis, Yannis E.; Nikolaou, Christos N.; Robinson, Allan R.; Rossignac, Jarek R.; Vinacua, Alvar; Abrams, Stephen L.

1999-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Empowering Students in Information Literacy Practices Using a Collaborative Digital Library for School Projects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines the affordances that a collaborative digital library (CDL) can bring to bear on supporting information literacy practices in the digital information environment. It suggests that the digital library can contribute to student empowerment in information literacy practices while searching, using and collaboratively building the digital library resources. To illustrate this, the authors have been experimenting with the implementation of an integrated information literacy model...

Abrizah Abdullah; Zainab, A. N.

2008-01-01

202

SIOExplorer: Modern IT Methods and Tools for Digital Library Management  

Science.gov (United States)

With more geoscience disciplines becoming data-driven it is increasingly important to utilize modern techniques for data, information and knowledge management. SIOExplorer is a new digital library project with 2 terabytes of oceanographic data collected over the last 50 years on 700 cruises by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. It is built using a suite of information technology tools and methods that allow for an efficient and effective digital library management system. The library consists of a number of independent collections, each with corresponding metadata formats. The system architecture allows each collection to be built and uploaded based on a collection dependent metadata template file (MTF). This file is used to create the hierarchical structure of the collection, create metadata tables in a relational database, and to populate object metadata files and the collection as a whole. Collections are comprised of arbitrary digital objects stored at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) High Performance Storage System (HPSS) and managed using the Storage Resource Broker (SRB), data handling middle ware developed at SDSC. SIOExplorer interoperates with other collections as a data provider through the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) protocol. The user services for SIOExplorer are accessed from CruiseViewer, a Java application served using Java Web Start from the SIOExplorer home page. CruiseViewer is an advanced tool for data discovery and access. It implements general keyword and interactive geospatial search methods for the collections. It uses a basemap to georeference search results on user selected basemaps such as global topography or crustal age. User services include metadata viewing, opening of selective mime type digital objects (such as images, documents and grid files), and downloading of objects (including the brokering of proprietary hold restrictions).

Sutton, D. W.; Helly, J.; Miller, S.; Chase, A.; Clarck, D.

2003-12-01

203

Library+  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses possible future directions for academic libraries in the post Web/Library 2.0 world. These possible directions include areas such as data literacy, linked data sets, and opportunities for libraries in support of digital humanities. The author provides a brief sketch of the background information regarding the topics and…

Merrill, Alex

2011-01-01

204

Digital Libraries in Nigeria in the Era of Global Change: A Perspective of the Major Challenges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The world is witnessing a rapid and progressive transformation as a result of IT revolution, which has predominated all aspects of societal development. One of such transformations has manifested in the form of digital libraries. The evolution of digital libraries has ensured the emergence of global networked environment that has dramatically changed the face of libraries, their functions, services as well as their storage and delivery systems. In this perspective, the paper examines the status of digital libraries in Nigeria. It also analyzes the Nigerian information environment within the context of an escalating situation in terms of funding, infrastructure, and ICT policy. The paper concludes that if digital libraries in Nigeria are to survive, drastic and progressive action needs to be taken to overcome some the aforementioned issues. Governments and sponsoring bodies of libraries must provide all the necessary funding and support for library development especially the digital libraries.

Bappah Magaji Abubakar Abubakar

2010-12-01

205

Ghanaian Library and Information Science Professionals’ Conceptions of Digital Libraries :A phenomenographic study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital libraries (DLs) have received much attention from many institutions and countries in recent times. Discussions on the concept are concentrated in the advanced world. Contribution to the discussion on DLs from developing countries is very insignificant. The concept of DLs has been given different definitions. This is because professionals perceive it differently from their various professional viewpoints. Inadequate technological advancement is a problem in developing countries includi...

Boamah, Eric

2009-01-01

206

A Survey of the Usability of Digital Reference Services on Academic Health Science Library Web Sites  

Science.gov (United States)

Reference interactions with patrons in a digital library environment using digital reference services (DRS) has become widespread. However, such services in many libraries appear to be underutilized. A study surveying the ease and convenience of such services for patrons in over 100 academic health science library Web sites suggests that…

Dee, Cheryl; Allen, Maryellen

2006-01-01

207

Automated Categorization Scheme for Digital Libraries in Distance Learning: A Pattern Recognition Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries play a crucial role in distance learning. Nowadays, they are one of the fundamental information sources for the students enrolled in this learning system. These libraries contain huge amount of instructional data (text, audio and video) offered by the distance learning program. Organization of the digital libraries is…

Gunal, Serkan

2008-01-01

208

Exploring Convergence: Digitized Multimedia Collections among Museums, Archives, and Libraries (SIGs CR, VIS).  

Science.gov (United States)

This planned session discusses access to digital multimedia objects; integrated intellectual access, resource discovery, finding aids, and cross-domain metadata among museum, archive, and library information systems; information sharing; electronic access to a historic costume collection; access to digital music libraries; and digital…

Beebe, Caroline

2000-01-01

209

Historical Air Photo Digitization Project University of Waterloo Map Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The University Map Library (UML at the University of Waterloo developed an onlinecollection of digitized and georeferenced aerial photography of the Kitchener-Waterlooarea from the 1930s and 1940s. Using GIS technology, the air photos were digitizedwith geographical coordinate tags for use in GIS software programs including onlinemapping applications such as Google Earth (GE. By creating and offeringdownloadable georeferenced images compatible with popular mapping tools, the airphotos have gained significant popularity and utilization by not only regular library usersbut by community groups, organizations and corporations who have never used libraryresources before. The integration of modern technology with traditional paper mappinghas proven to be both a method of preservation and a means of increasing and varyingutilization of the collection.

Eva Dodsworth

2008-12-01

210

RCLIS : towards a digital library for Information Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There is described RCLIS, an international project that wants to develop a digital specializing library in biblioteconomía and documentation and that follows the model of open archives which already has been implemented in other disciplines, as the physics or the economy. It is a question of a free resource in which there take part, in an altruistic way, librarians of different countries with the aim to gather the whole bibliography generated in information sciences.Se describe RCLIS, un proyecto internacional que quiere desarrollar una biblioteca digital especializada en biblioteconomía y documentación y que sigue el modelo de archivo abierto que ya se ha implementado en otras disciplinas, como la física o la economía. Se trata de un recurso gratuito en el que participan, de manera altruista, bibliotecarios de diferentes países con el objetivo de recoger toda la bibliografía generada en información y documentación.

Barrueco Cruz, José Manuel

2003-12-01

211

Library Education: Struggling to Meet the Needs of the Profession.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of complaints about library education covers historical perspectives as well as current trends. Topics discussed include library school closings; curriculum; skills and knowledge employers want recent graduates to have; American Library Association (ALA) standards; student perspectives; university views of library schools and faculty;…

Bohannan, April

1991-01-01

212

Information Policy -- Distance Education: Provider and Victim Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

This discussion of information policy focuses on library services for distance education. Topics include the logistics and management of providing library services off-site and/or responding to student requests; and meeting the needs of distance education students for information and library instruction, both students from the member institution…

Heron, Peter; Dugan, Robert E.

1997-01-01

213

El servicio de referencia en la biblioteca digital Reference service in the digital library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El servicio de referencia se muestra como uno de los servicios más importantes de la biblioteca digital. A grosso modo, se presenta en el artículo un bosquejo histórico del surgimiento del servicio, su concepto y sus características, así como la aparición de dicha práctica, pero ahora inmersa en un nuevo ambiente -el digital- y puntualizamos las características de este fenómeno.The reference service comes to light as one of the most important practices of the digital library. Essentially, the paper draws a historical sketch about the emergence of the service, its conceptualization and its characteristics, as well as the advent of this practice, but now immersed in a new environment_ the digital. We intend to show the characteristics of this phenomenon.

Georgina Araceli Torres Vargas

2005-12-01

214

Web Information Seeking and Retrieval in Digital Library Contexts: Towards an Intelligent Agent Solution.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the role of intelligent agents in facilitating the seeking and retrieval of information in Web-based library environments. Highlights include an overview of agents; current applications in library domains; an agent-based model for libraries; the design of interface agents; and implications for library policy and digital collections.…

Detlor, Brian; Arsenault, Clement

2002-01-01

215

Educating Digital Curators: Challenges and Opportunities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes a number of critical challenges faced by digital curation educators and suggests how the choices we make in building educational programs may impact the development of curation as a professional discipline. We focus on curriculum and program building as key steps in defining the educational needs of curators, and we argue for greater collaboration among educators, researchers and practitioners in the field, as a way to speed the emergence of curation as a discipline and t...

2011-01-01

216

Orientation and Functions of Library in Quality Education of College  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Quality education is the core of college education. Libraries are the second class for students due to the extremely important position and function in quality education. Libraries are the best place for cultivating students’ morals, the important front for improving students’ scientific and cultural qualities, and the effective facilities for developing special technological education, serving as favorable conditions for promoting students’ comprehensive qualities. The main idea for libraries strengthening quality education is to build a “people-oriented” management thought, create service equipments and environment with humanism, stick to human service style, and improve the quality of library staff.

Lan Yang

2011-05-01

217

Professional Library Education: Introducing the Library. Bulletin, 1937, No. 23  

Science.gov (United States)

The increasing importance of the library in modern society has increased the demand for well-qualified persons to serve in various types of libraries with their numerous specialized departments. Librarianship, in common with other professions, has its distinctly specialized fields.'The purpose of this bulletin is to give the prospective library…

Beust, Nora E.

1938-01-01

218

Challenges for content-based navigation of digital video in the Físchlár digital library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Now that the engineering problems associated with creating, manipulating, storing, transmitting and playback of large volumes of digital video information are well on their way to being solved, attention is turning to content-based and other means to access video from large collections. In this paper we present an overview of the different ways in which video content can be used, directly, to support various ways of navigating within large video libraries. Some of these content-based mechanis...

Smeaton, Alan F.

2002-01-01

219

Working in a digital world: new leadership practices for the development of a digital library workforce  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital library developments are part of a global move in many sectors of society toward virtual work and electronic services made possible by the advances in information technology. This environment requires new attitudes and skills in the workforce and therefore leaders who understand the global changes underlying the new information economy and how to lead and develop such a workforce. This article explores ways to develop human resources and stimulate creativity to capitalize on the immen...

2001-01-01

220

Exploitation of Information Processing Technologies to Extend Digital Library Applications  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

???1-11

This paper discusses exploitation of information processing technologies to extend digital library applications to a new dimension. The discussion focuses on the following three information processing technologies.

l. information extraction.

2. deductive inference.

3. data mining.

The most significant applications are discovery and derivation of new information and knowledge. This paper discusses how these information processing technologies can be exploited to complement the capabilities of human beings in the digital library domain. The tasks that the developed information processing utilities perform are simple and tedious intelligent information processing. However, because a digital library contains a large quantity of contents, it is common that human beings can hardly carry out such tasks exhaustively. As a result, a great amount of information and knowledge may remain undiscovered without the assistance of assistance of such utilities. On the other hands, with the developed information processing utilities, human being are the released form performing tedious work and can spend more time with more philosophical activities to derive advanced knowledge.

Jian-Hua Yeh?Jia-Yanh Chang?Yen-Jen Oyan

1999-04-01

 
 
 
 
221

Clinical Digital Libraries Project: design approach and exploratory assessment of timely use in clinical environments*  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: The paper describes and evaluates the use of Clinical Digital Libraries Project (CDLP) digital library collections in terms of their facilitation of timely clinical information seeking. Design: A convenience sample of CDLP Web server log activity over a twelve-month period (7/2002 to 6/2003) was analyzed for evidence of timely information seeking after users were referred to digital library clinical topic pages from Web search engines. Sample searches were limited to those originating from medical schools (26% North American and 19% non-North American) and from hospitals or clinics (51% North American and 4% non-North American). Measurement: Timeliness was determined based on a calculation of the difference between the timestamps of the first and last Web server log “hit” during each search in the sample. The calculated differences were mapped into one of three ranges: less than one minute, one to three minutes, and three to five minutes. Results: Of the 864 searches analyzed, 48% were less than 1 minute, 41% were 1 to 3 minutes, and 11% were 3 to 5 minutes. These results were further analyzed by environment (medical schools versus hospitals or clinics) and by geographic location (North America versus non-North American). Searches reflected a consistent pattern of less than 1 minute in these environments. Though the results were not consistent on a month-by-month basis over the entire time period, data for 8 of 12 months showed that searches shorter than 1 minute predominated and data for 1 month showed an equal number of less than 1 minute and 1 to 3 minute searches. Conclusions: The CDLP digital library collections provided timely access to high-quality Web clinical resources when used for information seeking in medical education and hospital or clinic environments from North American and non–North American locations and consistently provided access to the sought information within the documented two-minute standard. The limitations of the use of Web server data warrant an exploratory assessment. This research also suggests the need for further investigation in the area of timely digital library collection services to clinical environments.

MacCall, Steven L.

2006-01-01

222

Mass Digitization at the Complutense University Library: Access to and Preservation of its Cultural Heritage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the mid-1990s, the Library of the Complutense of Madrid (UCM applied the growing body of new technologies to a pioneering project: the digitization of a valuable collection of biomedical books. The result of the project was the Dioscorides Digital Library. Up to 2006, however, the pace of digitization was very slow, resulting in only 3,000 books and 50,000 digitized engravings. In September 2006, the Complutense University and Google signed a partnership agreement for the purpose of carrying out large-scale digitization of our public domain collections. The Complutense University Library is participating in this mass-digitization project with the following goals: To improve the discovery of the cultural heritage of Complutense and increase the number of potential readers; To fulfil its public service mission; To preserve and protect the original books; To enhance students’ and faculty research. By early 2011, the Complutense Library had digitized roughly 120,000 out-of- copyright books from the 16th to the 19th centuries. All these materials are easily accessible via the Complutense Library Catalogue, Google Books and HathiTrust Digital Library. The Complutense University of Madrid joined the HathiTrust Digital Library in November 2010, which allowed books digitized by Google to be stored on HathiTrust servers. The HathiTrust Digital Library is both a digital preservation repository and a platform for access. It provides long-term preservation and access services for public domain and in-copyright content from a variety of sources, including Google, the Internet Archive, Microsoft, and in-house partner institution initiatives. In early 2011, the number of HathiTrust public domain volumes reached the two million mark and the collection exceeded eight million volumes. In addition, and complementing the above, the digital content of the Complutense University Library will be aggregated to Europeana during 2011 and 2012.

Eugenio Tardón

2011-10-01

223

Report of the Second Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries : in conjunction with the European Conference on Digital Libraries Corfu, Greece, 2 October 2009  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The mission of the international workshop series on Very Large Digital Libraries (VLDLs) is to provide researchers, practitioners and application developers with a forum fostering a constructive exchange among all key actors in the field of Very Large Digital Libraries. Its long-term and ambitious goal is to discuss the foundations of VLDLs and establish it as a research field on its own, with well-defined areas, models, trends, open problems, and technology. The main outcome of the first VLD...

Ioannidis, Yannis; Manghi, Paolo; Pagano, Pasquale

2009-01-01

224

Semantically Enriching the Search System of a Music Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Traditional search systems are usually based on keywords, a very simple and convenient mechanism to express a need for information. This is the most popular way of searching the Web, although it is not always an easy task to accurately summarize a natural language query in a few keywords. Working with keywords means losing the context, which is the only thing that can help us deal with ambiguity. This is the biggest problem of keyword-based systems. Semantic Web technologies seem a perfect solution to this problem, since they make it possible to represent the semantics of a given domain. In this chapter, we present three projects, Harmos, Semusici and Cantiga, whose aim is to provide access to a music digital library. We will describe two search systems, a traditional one and a semantic one, developed in the context of these projects and compare them in terms of usability and effectiveness.

de Juan, Paloma; Iglesias, Carlos

225

Denver Public Library Western History and Genealogy: Digital Image Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

The Photodigitization Project, an initiative of the Western History/ Genealogy Department of the Denver Public Library, catalogs, archives, and provides public access to an extensive collection of digitized photographs. Recently, the DPL made this database of images available on the Internet. Currently, the database contains more than 50,000 high-resolution images documenting the history of Colorado and the American West. The DPL intends to have over 95,000 images in the database by the year 2000. Users may browse the collection in the Gallery section or search the database via a sophisticated interface. The Search page allows Boolean and wildcard searches and provides options to save, manage, and email search results.

226

Webinar – Education through Digital Collaboration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Transition in the learning habits and trends of students is evident from the traditional text based to the current dynamic modes like world-wide web, CAI and simulation. Webinar as a learning technology offers a platform to overcome the gap in this digital divide and help the students get acquainted with the latest. A case describing the use of webinar by Infosys helps the reader comprehend the digital collaboration webinar offers discussing its shortcomings and benefits.

Anoop Singh

2010-05-01

227

CMOS Low Power Cell Library for Digital Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Historically, VLSI designers have focused on increasing the speed and reducing the area of digital systems.However, the evolution of portable systems and advanced Deep Sub-Micron fabrication technologies havebrought power dissipation as another critical design factor. Low power design reduces cooling cost andincreases reliability especially for high density systems. Moreover, it reduces the weight and size ofportable devices. The power dissipation in CMOS circuits consists of static and dynamic components. Sincedynamic power is proportional to V2dd and static power is proportional to Vdd, lowering the supply voltageand device dimensions, the transistor threshold voltage also has to be scaled down to achieve the requiredperformance.In case of static power, the power is consumed during the steady state condition i.e when there are noinput/output transitions. Static power has two sources: DC power and Leakage power. Consecutively tofacilitate voltage scaling without disturbing the performance, threshold voltage has to be minimized.Furthermore it leads to better noise margins and helps to avoid the hot carrier effects in short channeldevices. In this paper we have been proposed the new CMOS library for the complex digital design usingscaling the supply voltage and device dimensions and also suggest the methods to control the leakagecurrent to obtain the minimum power dissipation at optimum value of supply voltage and transistorthreshold. In this paper CMOS Cell library has been implemented using TSMC (0.18um and TSMC(90nm technology using HEP2 tool of IC designing from Mentor Graphics for various analysis andsimulations.

Kanika Kaur

2013-07-01

228

Technology and research in a global Networked University Digital Library (NUDL)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital Libraries (DLs) are extremely complex information systems that support the creation, management, distribution, and preservation of complex information resources, while allowing effective and efficient interaction among the several societies that benefit from DL content and services. In this paper, we focus on our experience facing challenges of building, maintaining, and developing the Networked University Digital Library (www.nudl.org), an extension...

Marcos André Gonçalves; Fox, Edward A.

2001-01-01

229

Using Diffusion of Innovations to Explore Digital Gaming in Undergraduate Library Instruction  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital games and simulations are receiving considerable notice within the library and information science (LIS) community. This study adds to the depth of knowledge in this area by providing research on the likelihood a hypothetical digital game delivery method for library instruction achieves sufficient adoption to justify its development.…

Robertson, Michael James

2009-01-01

230

What Is Digital Humanities and What’s it Doing in the Library?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  tl;dr – Libraries and digital humanities have the same goals. Stop asking if the library has a role, or what it is, and start getting involved in digital projects that are already happening. Advocate for new expanded roles and responsibilities to be able to do this. Become producers/creators in collaboration with scholars rather than servants [...

Micah Vandegrift

2012-06-01

231

What Is Digital Humanities and What’s it Doing in the Library?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

 tl;dr – Libraries and digital humanities have the same goals. Stop asking if the library has a role, or what it is, and start getting involved in digital projects that are already happening. Advocate for new expanded roles and responsibilities to be able to do this. Become producers/creators in collaboration with scholars rather than servants [...

2012-01-01

232

Construcción de un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales dentro del proyecto de Biblioteca Digital Colombiana / Development of a virtual course on digital libraries as part of the Project of the Colombian Digital Library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el marco del desarrollo del proyecto de investigación aplicada ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana-BDCOL'' uno de sus objetivos fue establecer una base común de conocimientos que permitiera a la mayor cantidad de instituciones participar en el proyecto e iniciar la construcción de sus [...] repositorios digitales. Al consultar a la comunidad académica y bibliotecológica de las principales universidades del país, se evidenciaron las diferencias de conocimiento respecto a la temática de las bibliotecas y repositorios digitales, por lo que decidió crear y ofrecer un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales a instituciones miembros de la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA. Este artículo presenta: a) el contexto proporcionado por el Proyecto Biblioteca Digital Colombiana; b) la metodología de diseño instruccional del curso; c) la estructura de contenidos y las estrategias pedagógicas establecidas; d) la divulgación, selección de los participantes; e) la evaluación y las conclusiones del curso y las recomendaciones para hacer ajustes relacionadas con el tiempo necesario para completar el curso; y por último, f) la gestión de información y del conocimiento. Con este curso se posibilitó la generación de una base de conocimiento común entre las instituciones vinculadas al proyecto BDCOL y constituye un referente sobre esta temática para la formaciónautoformación en otros momentos y contextos. Abstract in english In the development of the applied research project ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana- BDCOL'' (''Creation of the Colombian Digital Library''), one of the objectives was to establish a common ground of knowledge that would allow the biggest number of institutions to participate in the pr [...] oject and begin to build their own digital repositories. When academic and librarian communities in the main universities of the country were consulted, the differences as to the knowledge about digital libraries and repositories became evident. For this reason, it was decided to create and offer a virtual course on digital libraries to institutions member of the Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA (National Network of Advanced Technology). This paper presents a) the context given by the BDCOL; b) the course's methodology of instructional design; c) its structure of contents and the pedagogical strategies established; d) the diffusion of the program and selection of participants; e) the course's evaluation, conclusion, and recommendations -specially concerning the time needed to complete the course, and, finally, f) the information and knowledge management. This course was successful in making possible to generate a ground of common knowledge for the institutions associated to the BDCOL project and setting a precedent in this area for education and self-education, applicable to other moments and contexts.

Blessed, Ballesteros; Wilson, Castaño Muñoz; Alejandro, Uribe Tirado.

233

Iowa Digital Library: University Communication and Marketing Photographs  

Science.gov (United States)

In these modern times, every university and college generates thousands of photographs documenting a wide range of cultural, educational, and social activities. The University of Iowa has produced an amazing array of dramatic and pensive images over the past few years and this digital archive brings many of them together in one archive. Visitors can browse the collection via several dozen topical headings, including Admissions, Campus, and Government Relations. The viewbook photographs are quite arresting, as they profile portraits of prominent people, ranging from basketball players to employees of different units on campus. As a whole, it's a fine portrait of a Big Ten university of great repute. [KMG

234

Orientation and Functions of Library in Quality Education of College  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Quality education is the core of college education. Libraries are the second class for students due to the extremely important position and function in quality education. Libraries are the best place for cultivating students’ morals, the important front for improving students’ scientific and cultural qualities, and the effective facilities for developing special technological education, serving as favorable conditions for promoting students’ comprehensive qualities. The main idea for...

Lan Yang

2011-01-01

235

Growing expertise in Africa: CERN-UNESCO's 3rd Digital Library School  

CERN Multimedia

The third in the series of CERN-UNESCO African Schools on Digital Libraries took place in Dakar, Senegal, in November last year. The School represents an important opportunity for CERN to contribute to a global exchange of knowledge, skills and culture.   Ludmila Marian assisting participants during a hands-on computer session. More photographs available here. After Rwanda and Morocco, this time it was Senegal's turn to host the Digital Library School, the third of its kind, held from 21 to 25 November 2011. Participants from seven African French-speaking countries met at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar to learn about digital libraries and the importance of new technologies in the dissemination of knowledge by libraries. The School outlined the principles of digital information management and showcased the Invenio software, developed by CERN to manage digital libraries and freely available as Open Source software. The series of Schools, which combine in...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

236

Emerging Tools for Evaluating Digital Library Services: Conceptual Adaptations of LibQUAL+ and CAPM  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper describes ways to examine how digital libraries are valued by their users, and explores ways of permitting the allocation of resources to areas of user-identified need. Pertinent models from marketing, economics, and library assessment and evaluation are reviewed, focussing on the application of the LibQUAL+TM and CAPM methodologies. Each methodology, which was developed independently, provides a useful framework for evaluating digital library services. The paper discusses the benef...

Heath, Fred Texas A. M. University; Kyrillidou, Martha Association Of Research Libraries; Webster, Duane Association Of Research Libraries; Choudhury, Sayeed Johns Hopkins University; Hobbs, Ben Johns Hopkins University; Lorie, Mark Johns Hopkins University; Flores, Nicholas University Of Colorado

2004-01-01

237

LVDL: The First Digital Thematic Library on the Lagoon of Venice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Vallisneri Library of The University of Padova, and ISTI -CNR, have promoted an innovative project to create a digital thematic library called LVDL Laguna di Venezia Digital Library, in order to collect published and unpublished documents arising from scientific studies about the Lagoon of Venice. The Lagoon of Venice represents a special site for its environmental peculiarities and for its historical and artistic significance. This invaluable environmental heritage has always been subjec...

Biagioni, Stefania; Carlesi, Carlo; Locatello, Lisa; Ortolan, Monica; Zane, Antonella

2003-01-01

238

Elektronik Müzik Kütüphanesi: Selçuk Üniversitesi Örne?i / Digital Music Library : Selcuk University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to give explanatory information concerning the Digital Music Library which is situated at the Selcuk University Central Library. The information provided includes development and future goals of the mentioned library together with gained experience throughout the time. Some condensed user information has been supplied too.

Fatma K?l?çarslan

2004-10-01

239

Preserving African digital resources : is there a role for repository libraries?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose – To determine whether repository libraries in developed countries have a role to play in the preservation of the digital resources of developing countries. Design/methodology/approach – Literature-based conceptual analysis of: categories of digital resources produced in developing countries; capacity of African institutions and stakeholders to preserve African digital resources; and issues and challenges to be faced by repository libraries in preserving these resources. Findings ...

2005-01-01

240

The Qumran Visualization Project: Prospects for Digital Humanities in Theological Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital Humanities are a hot topic in disciplines as varied as literature, history and cultural studies, but at present theology and religious studies departments seem to be lagging behind. This essay will offer a critical review of one Digital Humanities project that is relevant to theological libraries and Biblical Studies: the Qumran Visualization Project. The essay will discuss why theological libraries should start considering the Digital Humanities, and then offer some strategies for ho...

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Saskatchewan Digital Library Collections--Enhancing Access to the Province's Information.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the various digital collections and some of the challenges faced by the early digital project initiatives of the Saskatchewan school, special, public, and academic libraries. An appendix lists the digital projects by theme (history, news, sports, culture, first nations and metis, and literature). (AEF)

Fichter, Darlene

1999-01-01

242

Critical Technological and Architectural Choices for Access and Preservation in a Digital Library Environment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes some basic architectural choices for the access to and preservation of digital objects at the National Library of Norway. A digital repository is a core element for the handling of both access to and preservation of the digital objects. Strategies for giving access to the complete holdings include the use of a powerful search…

Solbakk, Svein Arne

243

The Dede Korkut digital library: a student project faces the real world  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This essay details the fate of a student project for a digital libraries course from its initial development, through a grant application to make the project a reality, to its end. The Dede Korkut stories, Turkish folktales, were chosen for digitization and potential inclusion in a digital collection which was intended to benefit scholars worldwide.

2007-01-01

244

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30 and the other of Variations2 (n=12. Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

245

La biblioteca digital personalizable como complemento del sistema de bibliotecas de las universidades / Personalizable digital library as complement of the library system of the university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo recopila los antecedentes de las bibliotecas, hasta llegar a las bibliotecas en línea. Se realiza una breve comparación entre los diferentes tipos de bibliotecas existentes. Se describe la biblioteca digital personalizable, la cual permite la socialización del conocimiento, ideal [...] para ser utilizada en las universidades. Se refieren sus principales características y la posibilidad de ser utilizada como complemento de las bibliotecas físicas con las que cuentan las universidades. Abstract in english This work compiles the history of libraries, reaching to libraries online. A brief comparison between different types of libraries. Describes the customizable digital library which allows socialization of knowledge, ideal for universities use. Regards its main features and the possibility of being u [...] sed as a complement to physical libraries at their disposal universities.

Yanedi, Abreu Bartomeo; Luis, Domínguez Cruz; Maikel Manuel, Fernández Fernández.

246

A Video Digital Library to Support Physicians’ Decision-making About Autism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A prototype Digital Video Library was developed as part of a project to assist rural primary care clinics with diagnosis of autism, funded by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine. The Digital Video Library takes play sample videos generated by a rural clinic and makes it available to experts at the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD Clinic at The University of Alabama. The experts are able to annotate segments of the video using an integrated version of the Childhood Autism Ratings Scale-Second Edition Standard Version (CARS2. The Digital Video Library then extracts the annotated segments, and provides a robust search and browse feature. The videos can then be accessed by the subject's primary care physician. This article summarizes the development and features of the Digital Video Library.

Matthew A. Griffin

2014-01-01

247

Federal Agency and Federal Library Reports: Library of Congress; Center for the Book; Federal Library and Information Center Committee; National Agricultural Library; National Library of Medicine; United States Government Printing Office; National Technical Information Service; National Archives and Records Administration; National Center for Education Statistics Library Statistics Program; National Commission on Libraries and Information Science; National Library of Education; Educational Resources Information Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes annual reports from 12 federal agencies and libraries that discuss security, budgets, legislation, digital projects, preservation, government role, information management, personnel changes, collections, databases, financial issues, services, administration, Web sites, access to information, customer service, statistics, international…

Fischer, Audrey; Cole, John Y.; Tarr, Susan M.; Carey, Len; Mehnert, Robert; Sherman, Andrew M.; Davis, Linda; Leahy, Debra W.; Chute, Adrienne; Willard, Robert S.; Dunn, Christina

2003-01-01

248

Carnival Visions: Digital Creativity in Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a theoretical and analytical account of a digital video-editing project with student teachers. The work was part of a wider study known as "Creative Teachers for Creative Learners," and investigated how creativity could be integrated within existing structures and courses of initial teacher education. The paper draws on notions of…

Potter, John

2006-01-01

249

Simple Educational Tool for Digital Speckle Shearography  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, an educational tool has been prepared for obtaining short-term and more economic training on digital speckle shearography (DSS). Shearography non-destructive testing (NDT) has gained wide acceptance over the last decade, providing a number of important and exciting inspection solutions in aerospace, electronics and medical device…

Spagnolo, Giuseppe Schirripa; Martocchia, Andrea; Papalillo, Donato; Cozzella, Lorenzo

2012-01-01

250

Criterios e indicadores para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales / Criteria and indicators to evaluate digital libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para [...] evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad. Abstract in english The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. Th [...] e proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.

Ramírez Céspedes, Zulia.

251

???????????????????? Needs Assessment of Online Courses for the University Library Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Mellon?2004????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????University libraries play several roles such as instruction support, research assistance, and information provision, etc. With the rapid growth of information technology and network, the provision of online courses by libraries provides opportunities for readers to self learn via internet improving their information literacy; besides, the atmosphere of academic research will be promoted. Consequently, the planning of library online courses is being highly valued. However, the majority of library online course are relative to librarian education, whereas online courses of library utilization are ignored in Taiwan. Online courses of library utilization are prevalent in other foreign countries (Mellon, 2004. The database vendors have developed a number of online courses already. This study attempts to examine the current condition of the implementation of library instruction in order to further discuss the planning of online courses library utilization. First, the challenges that college libraries face are analyzed. Then, based on the results of the survey about librarians and users, the need and the current condition of the education of library utilization are concluded. Finally, the factors that are taken into consideration when planning online courses of library utilization are listed through interviewing experts. The findings of this study will be provided as the references for other libraries that attempt to plan online courses.

Hsin-Yih Shyu

2006-09-01

252

Interactive Editing and Cataloging Interfaces for Modern Digital Library Systems  

CERN Multimedia

The next-generation High Energy Physics information system, INSPIRE, is being built by combining the content from the successful SPIRES database of bibliographic information with the CDS Invenio software being developed at CERN, an open-source platform for large digital library systems. The project is a collaboration between four major particle physics laboratories in Europe and the U.S. New tools are being developed to enable the global cooperation between catalogers at these labs. The BibEdit module will provide a central interface for the editing, enrichment, correction and verification of a record on its way into the system, by processing and presenting data from several supporting modules to the cataloger. The objective is to minimize the time and actions needed by the cataloger to process the record. To create a fast and powerful web application we make use of modern AJAX technology to create a dynamic and responsive user interface, where server communication happens in the background without delaying t...

Raae, L C

2009-01-01

253

BELIEF Project: the Portal and the Digital Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

BELIEF (Bringing Europes eLectronic Infrastructures to Expanding Frontiers) Project aim to create a platform where eInfrastructures providers and users can collaborate and exchange knowledge, which will help ensure that eInfrastructures are developed and used effectively worldwide, filling the gap separating the Research Infrastructure providers from the users, and thus contribute to the emergence of a competitive knowledge-based economy. To create this synergy of multi-disciplinary Research Infrastructure communities, BELIEF created a one-stop-shop for eInfrastructures communities providing online a Digital Library (DL) and a Portal with a search and contact facility, case studies, a discussion forum, eInfrastructures publications. Offline, it has organised events including brainstorming, networking workshops and international conferences and publications, since BELIEFs values are firmly rooted in international cooperation to the emerging economies, particularly of Latin America and India. The Portal and the DL are key parts of this project. There was an opportunity to provide a ready and common source of information on eInfrastructures, both for the users wanting to find out the supply, and for the providers wanting to extend user base and develop their systems. The Portal and the DL respond to this demand by supplying to researchers documentation that matches their search criteria precisely, according to their interest and professional profile. (Author)

2007-01-01

254

Research Libraries and the internet : On the transformative dynamic between institutions and digital media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper argues that digital media have a disruptive potential, but path dependency is often a modifying component in the historical development. This is demonstrated in different stages of the development of the interrelationship between digitization, digital media and research libraries. Today the historical dynamic has reached a point where all institutions concerned with knowledge handling will have to redefine themselves. Research libraries are gradually incorporated into a number of new â??research infrastructuresâ? which are being built around different kinds of data materials, and each research library may specialize according to some sort of coordinated criteria.

Finnemann, Niels Ole

2014-01-01

255

Children Digital Libraries and User Interfaces: Proposing a Set of Criteria  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the user interfaces of the most important world`s children digital libraries and consider their conformity with the experts' opinions. This is done with the aim of proposing a set of unique and applicable criteria for Iranian children digital libraries that was not provided by the previous studies. The data for this study were collected by a check list for each of 6 world's most famous children digital libraries. This study applied survey as its met...

Zeinab Sedighi; Abbas Gilvari; Fatemeh Nooshinfard

2013-01-01

256

The Qumran Visualization Project: Prospects for Digital Humanities in Theological Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Humanities are a hot topic in disciplines as varied as literature, history and cultural studies, but at present theology and religious studies departments seem to be lagging behind. This essay will offer a critical review of one Digital Humanities project that is relevant to theological libraries and Biblical Studies: the Qumran Visualization Project. The essay will discuss why theological libraries should start considering the Digital Humanities, and then offer some strategies for how libraries can support, promote or otherwise engage with this type of project.

Benjamin P. Murphy

2012-08-01

257

The ELISE II Project: A Digital Image Library for Europe.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the progress made under the ELISE II electronic image library project from a technical standpoint. The ELISE II project is a European-wide initiative that aims to provide a comprehensive electronic image library service for Europe. It is funded under the European Commission, DG XIII-E, Telematics for Libraries Initiative. The…

Strunz, Bob; Waters, Mairead

258

Services for Content Creation and Presentation in an Iconographical Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Content creation and presentation are key activities in a multimedia digital library (MDL). The proper design and intelligent implementation of these services provide a stable base for overall MDL functionality. This paper presents the framework and the implementation of these

Pavlov, Radoslav; Paneva-marinova, Desislava; Goynov, Maxim; Pavlova-draganova, Lilia

2010-01-01

259

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display 'snippets' of print books in the collections of f...

K. M. Manuel

2009-01-01

260

Nursing educator's satisfaction with library facilities.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined nursing faculty perceptions of the importance of adequate library facilities and their satisfaction with them. Library facilities ranked highest in importance among all job characteristics studied, with faculty who had been most productive in terms of publication assigning the highest value to them. A moderate level of satisfaction was found. Faculty most satisfied with library facilities were those teaching in large schools of nursing with graduate programs and open organ...

Lenz, E. R.; Waltz, C. F.

1982-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

A Semantic Search Framework in Peer-to-Peer based Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Advances in peer-to-peer overlay networks and Semantic Web technology will have a substantial influence on the design and implementation of future digital libraries. However, it remains unclear how best to combine their advantages in constructing digital library systems. This thesis is devoted for investigating, proposing and evaluating possible solutions to advance developments in this field. The main research goal of this work is to combine the strengths of both peer-to-peer overlay network...

Ding, Hao

2006-01-01

262

A Semantic Search Framework in Peer-to-Peer based Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Advances in peer-to-peer overlay networks and Semantic Web technology will have a substantial influence on the design and implementation of future digital libraries. However, it remains unclear how best to combine their advantages in constructing digital library systems. This thesis is devoted for investigating, proposing and evaluating possible solutions to advance developments in this field.The main research goal of this work is to combine the strengths of both peer-to-peer overlay networks...

Ding, Hao

2006-01-01

263

Towards Building an Open Digital Library for Instructional Design that Facilitates Reflective e-Instruction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Computer-based instruction, online or offline, which we will be referring at as e-instruction, provides for the development of new flexible pedagogical frameworks that will offer opportunities for open worldwide lifelong instruction. We claim that these are to be stored in instructional digital libraries in order to be accessible to anyone, anytime, anywhere. While many advances have been made in the creation of digital libraries, there is considerable room both for improving how learning obj...

Vladoiu, Mihaela-monica

2004-01-01

264

[Innovations in education for the digital student].  

Science.gov (United States)

A significant percentage of today's teaching staff received their professional training before the revolution in information and communication technology took place. Students, by contrast, are so-called 'digital natives': they grew up surrounded by digital technology. Present day students are used to multi-tasking and expect to be facilitated in using educationalfacilities regardless of time and place. Adapting higher education to present day students' study behaviour and expectations requires reconsideration of educationalform and methods. Several types of staff can be distinguished in their attitude towards technological innovation in education. Among them are staff who are reluctant in accepting innovations. Dental schools face the challenge of finding supportfor innovations with all their teaching staff and to better adapt to the twenty-first century student. In order to introduce technological innovations successfully, students need to become involved and sufficient attention must be paid to qualifying instructors. PMID:22812266

Koopman, P; Vervoorn, J M

2012-06-01

265

Simple educational tool for digital speckle shearography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, an educational tool has been prepared for obtaining short-term and more economic training on digital speckle shearography (DSS). Shearography non-destructive testing (NDT) has gained wide acceptance over the last decade, providing a number of important and exciting inspection solutions in aerospace, electronics and medical device manufacturing. For exploring these motivations, it is important to develop didactic tools to understand the potential of digital shearography through training and didactic courses in the field of NDT. In this paper we describe a simple tool for making one familiar with the potential of DSS in the area of education and training. The system is realized with a simple and economic optical setup and a virtual instrument based on the LabVIEW™ and DAQ. (paper)

2012-07-01

266

The British Experience in Preserving Digital Library Collections  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The increasing amount of information being produced digitally is impacting on and changing forever the expectations of users in all spheres of life. Digital access has many advantages over paper-based access in terms of convenience and functionality. However there are challenges, not yet wholly resolved, associated with ensuring that the many and varied digital resources being created will continue to be accessible. The long-term preservation of research collections in digital form is therefo...

2000-01-01

267

How to Use the Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) digital libraries provide access to free online scientific resources about oceans, coasts, and coastal watersheds. MRIB allows category, geographic, and keyword searching, alone or in combination. Instructions for searching the three MRIB libraries and for refining the searches are explained in detail.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2009-01-01

268

Library Services for Users of Personal Digital Assistants: A Needs Assessment and Program Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Research was undertaken to guide development of services for personal digital assistant (PDA) users at the University of Alberta Libraries. A variety of qualitative methods were used to assess user satisfaction with current PDA services and identify potential PDA services for the libraries and resources. The research and needs assessment results…

Carney, Stephen; Koufogiannakis, Denise; Ryan, Pam

2007-01-01

269

Libraries for users services in academic libraries  

CERN Document Server

This book reviews the quality and evolution of academic library services. It revises service trends offered by academic libraries and the challenge of enhancing traditional ones such as: catalogues, repositories and digital collections, learning resources centres, virtual reference services, information literacy and 2.0 tools.studies the role of the university library in the new educational environment of higher educationrethinks libraries in academic contextredefines roles for academic libraries

Alvite, Luisa

2010-01-01

270

Developing a Digital Video Library with the YouTube Data API  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

MSU Library has created a digital video library using the YouTube API to power our local library channel. It is a complete search and browse application with item level views, microdata, a caching and optimization routine, and a file backup routine. The article will discuss applying the YouTube API as a database application layer: workflow efficiencies, metadata procedures and local backup and optimization procedures. Code samples in PHP, .htaccess examples, and shell commands used in de...

Jason Clark

2013-01-01

271

How to teach digital library data to swim into research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Virtual research environments (VREs) aim to enhance research practice and have been identified as drivers for changes in libraries. This paper argues that VREs in combination with Semantic Web technologies offer a range of possibilities to align research with library practices. This main claim of the article is exemplified by a metadata integration process of bibliographic data from libraries to a VRE which is based on Semantic MediaWiki. The integration process rests on three pillars: MediaW...

Schindler, Christoph; Veja, Cornelia; Rittberger, Marc; Vrandecic, Denny

2011-01-01

272

Metadata Practices for Digital Photographic Collections in Archives, Libraries, and Museums in Norway  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis aims to explore the current state of metadata practices for digital photographic collections in archives, libraries, and museums in Norway in terms of the awareness of metadata and metadata types, the availability of guidelines, the chief source of information on cataloging digital photographic items, the metadata scheme used, subject cataloging standards and the opinions of staff on the problems and factors regarding cataloging digital photographic collections. A descriptive surv...

Klungthanaboon, Wachiraporn

2010-01-01

273

Online Library Card Registration Enables Free Passage to Digital Gems  

Science.gov (United States)

The Contra Costa County Library is located within the greater San Francisco Bay Area. With 26 physical locations and a virtual branch, it has more than 400,000 cardholders and serves a population of almost 1 million. As part of developing a strategic plan to meet the needs of the public in the 21st century, the library hired a consultant to gather…

Butler, Lorrie Ann; Kantor-Horning, Susan

2007-01-01

274

Promoting Educational Equity through School Libraries: Equity Activity Book.  

Science.gov (United States)

The activities suggested in this workbook for participants in a continuing education program for inservice school media specialists are designed to develop the trainee's skills in identifying instances of sexism and sex stereotyping in education, and in promoting sex fairness in the library. Exercises and tests on the first module are concerned…

Arizona State Univ., Tempe.

275

Mobility, digital libraries and a rural Indian village  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Millions of people in developed countries routinely create and share digital content; but what about the billions of others in on the wrong side of what has been called the 'global digital divide'? This paper considers three mobile platforms to illustrate their potential in enabling rural Indian villagers to make and share digital stories. We describe our experiences in creating prototypes using mobile phones; high-end media-players; and, paper. Interaction designs are discussed along with fi...

Jones, M.; Thom, E.; Bainbridge, D.; Frohlich, Dm

2009-01-01

276

Digital Libraries for Humanities Scholars: An empirical study of users’ information behaviors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While user-centered design has been emphasized, much of the discussion of digital libraries is concerned about choosing Web-based technology to create a digitized collection and establish related infrastructure. An investigation into the potential users of a community-based digital library suggests that some critical social, ecological and cultural aspects of information-related behavior of those users need to be taken into account for a digital library to accomplish its goals. This paper reports on an empirical study of scholarly communication among users of the Taiwan Historical Archives and how those scholars and researchers find and use information. Several design principles are suggested based on the findings of such user study.[Article content in Chinese

Shan-Ju L. Chang

1999-12-01

277

Resources for Educators of Adults: The Paul Hoy Helms Library in Liberal Adult Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This bibliography of the complete holdings of the Paul Hoy Helms Library, now incorporated in the Bird Library collection at Syracuse University, contains books chosen by faculty and students with the intention of furthering adult education and independent study. It is organized by Library of Congress and Dewey Decimal Classification numbers with…

Charters, Alexander N.

278

A Short Story about XML Schemas, Digital Preservation and Format Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

One morning we came in to work to find that one of our servers had made 1.5 million attempts to contact an external server in the preceding hour. It turned out that the calls were being generated by the Library’s digital preservation system (Rosetta) while attempting to validate XML Schema Definition (XSD) declarations included in the XML files of the Library’s online newspaper application Papers Past, which we were in the process of loading into Rosetta. This paper describes our response...

Knight, Steve

2012-01-01

279

Copyright Issues Relevant to the Creation of a Digital Archive: A Preliminary Assessment. Strategies and Tools for the Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

The collection and long-term preservation of digital content pose challenges to the intellectual property regime within which libraries and archives are accustomed to working. How to achieve an appropriate balance between copyright owners and users is a topic of ongoing debate in legal and policy circles. This paper describes copyright rights and…

Besek, June M.

280

The Searchbench - Combining Sentence-semantic, Full-text and Bibliographic Search in Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We describe a novel approach to precise searching in the full content of digital libraries. The Searchbench (for search workbench) is based on sentence-wise syntactic and semantic natural language processing (NLP) of both born-digital and scanned publications in PDF format. The term born-digital means natively digital, i.e. prepared electronically using typesetting systems such as LaTeX, OpenOffice, and the like. In the Searchbench, queries can be formulated as (possibly underspecifi...

Ulrich Schäfer; Bernd Kiefer; Christian Spurk; Jörg Steffen; Rui Wang; Benjamin Weitz; Magdalena Wolska

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Views on School Librarianship and Library Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Library schools should work toward establishing interdisciplinary degree programs using the resources of the entire university, and plan and manage imaginative programs based on specific needs of students. These schools should carefully examine the particular needs of future media center personnel and school librarians. (Author/CMV)

Mugnier, Charlotte

1979-01-01

282

Automated Medical Image Library Creation for Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The authors describe a method to create a medical teaching library that is automatically maintained, contains tens of thousands of radiologic images, and is built using existing internal hospital dictations, radiologic images, and an off-the-shelf commercial search engine product (Google Inc.).

Smith, Mark; Feied, Craig; Gillam, Michael; Handler, Jonathan

2006-01-01

283

Technology and research in a global Networked University Digital Library (NUDL) / Technology and research in a global Networked University Digital Library (NUDL)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese As Bibliotecas Digitais (DLs) encerram sistemas extremamente complexos de informação que suportam a criação, gestão, distribuição e preservação de fontes complexas de informação, enquanto permitem uma interação eficaz e eficiente entre as diversas sociedades que se beneficiam do conteúdo e serviços [...] da Biblioteca Digital. Neste trabalho, centralizamo-nos sobre nossa experiência defrontando desafios de construção, manutenção e desenvolvimento de uma Biblioteca Digital Universitária em Rede (www.nudl.org), uma extensão da Biblioteca Digital em Rede de Teses e Dissertações (www.ndltd.org). NUDL é uma iniciativa de âmbito mundial que visa a tornar a propriedade intelectual produzida em universidades mais acesssível, estimulando a colaboração internacional entre todas as disciplinas. Damos os detalhados aspectos tecnológicos de nossas soluções e atividades de pesquisa realizados para proporcionar sólidos e enriquecidos serviços para as comunidades servidas por esta iniciativa. Abstract in english Digital Libraries (DLs) are extremely complex information systems that support the creation, management, distribution, and preservation of complex information resources, while allowing effective and efficient interaction among the several societies that benefit from DL content and services. In this [...] paper, we focus on our experience facing challenges of building, maintaining, and developing the Networked University Digital Library (www.nudl.org), an extension of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (www.ndltd.org). NUDL is a worldwide initiative that addresses making the intellectual property produced in universities more accessible, stimulating international collaboration across all disciplines. We detail technological aspects of our solutions and research activities carried out to provide powerful and enriched services for the communities served by this initiative.

Gonçalves, Marcos André; Fox, Edward A..

284

General Education in Library and/or Information Science Education and Training  

Science.gov (United States)

Literature on general education in higher education generally and in library and/or information science education and training specifically, is reviewed. Drawing from this review and from the findings of an empirical study conducted in South Africa, this article discusses curriculum development in LIS education and training in both the university…

Raju, J.

2004-01-01

285

Digital competence in the Norwegian teacher education and schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to examine how policy documents in Norway the last ten years have interpreted ICT and digital competence in teacher education and in school. Norway implemented in 2006 a new national curriculum which increased the status of digital competence to be the fifth basic skill in the Norwegian elementary school (stage 1-13. This was a historic event and never before has digital competence achieved such status in curricula, neither nationally nor internationally. The same has newly happened with the new General Plan for Teacher Education where digital competence has become the fifth basic skill in all subjects. However, both teacher educators and teachers lack sufficient digital competence to fulfil these ambiguous policy goals and therefore the article suggest how a model of digital competence can bridge some of the gap between the intentions in the policy documents and the teachers/teacher educators’ practise. At the same time the article attempts to elaborate our perception of the concept digital competence in an educational discourse and how one can define digital competence in light of a Scandinavian educational perspective. The research question in this article is: how can digital competence be defined and what are the foundations of digital competence in teacher education and schools in light of the policy documents in Norway?

Rune Johan Krumsvik

2011-06-01

286

Another step into the digital world for CERN Library  

CERN Multimedia

Following a recommendation from the Scientific Information Policy Board, the Library will adapt its acquisitions policy so that it can start to profit from the advantages of subscribing to journals in electronic format only, starting from January 2008. This new policy will not affect magazine-style journals, annuals and obviously the journals that are not yet available in electronic format. However, this is a major change. For, who today could imagine consulting the library holdings using an old style card catalogue? Even the days of the famous preprint display are unknown to many of the current CERN staff and users. More than a decade after the birth of web-based scientific journals, publishers now offer very reliable online versions. The financial savings implied by this change of policy will reduce the number of title cancellations needed to match the decrease in the Library budget, and the policy will therefore help maintain a good overall level of information resources....

2007-01-01

287

Library leadership: innovative options for designing training programmes to build leadership competencies in the digital age  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Library leaders may not be fully equipped to deal with the demands and rigours of the digital age and its consumers. The advent of the internet, search engines and social media require a paradigm shift in the development of these leaders. Whilst much has been written about the required competencies, there seems to be no clear guiding principle on how the development should take place. The authors propose that the development of library leaders is a process, best illustrated through movement t...

2012-01-01

288

Library leadership: Innovative options for designing training programmes to build leadership competencies in the digital age  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Library leaders may not be fully equipped to deal with the demands and rigours of the digital age and its consumers. Theadvent of the internet, search engines and social media require a paradigm shift in the development of these leaders.Whilst much has been written about the required competencies, there seems to be no clear guiding principle on how thedevelopment should take place. The authors propose that the development of library leaders is a process, best illustratedthrough movement throu...

2013-01-01

289

Integrating Interactive Visualizations in the Search Process of Digital Libraries and IR Systems  

CERN Multimedia

Interactive visualizations for exploring and retrieval have not yet become an integral part of digital libraries and information retrieval systems. We have integrated a set of interactive graphics in a real world social science digital library. These visualizations support the exploration of search queries, results and authors, can filter search results, show trends in the database and can support the creation of new search queries. The use of weighted brushing supports the identification of related metadata for search facets. We discuss some use cases of the combination of IR systems and interactive graphics. In a user study we verify that users can gain insights from statistical graphics intuitively and can adopt interaction techniques.

Hienert, Daniel; Schaer, Philipp; Mayr, Philipp

2012-01-01

290

The Theory and Implementation for Metadata in Digital Library/Museum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Libraries and Museums (DL/M have become one of the important research issues of Library and Information Science as well as other related fields. This paper describes the basic concepts of DL/M and briefly introduces the development of Taiwan Digital Museum Project. Based on the features of various collections, wediscuss how to maintain, to manage and to exchange metadata, especially from the viewpoint of users. We propose the draft of metadata, MICI (Metadata Interchange for Chinese Information , developed by ROSS (Resources Organization and SearchingSpecification team. Finally, current problems and future development of metadata will be touched.[Article content in Chinese

Hsueh-hua Chen

1998-12-01

291

Protecting User Privacy in the Age of Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author discusses how she and the other librarians at State University of New York (SUNY) Cortland learned to "scrub" their records so that patrons remained protected, but the librarians still had access to useful statistics. The topic of library privacy regulations is complex. There is a host of legislation at both the federal…

Coombs, Karen A.

2005-01-01

292

Organizing and using digital libraries by automated text categorization  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

When it was proclaimed that the Library contained all books, the first impression was one of extravagant happiness. All men felt themselves to be the masters of an intact and secret treasure. There was no personal or world problem whose eloquent solution did not exsist in some hexagon. (...)

Sebastiani, Fabrizio

2001-01-01

293

Toward the Humanities Digital Library: Building the Local Organization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses how library technology initiatives fit into local organizational contexts to meet the needs of users; examines the conditions existing prior to local initiatives and how organizations have responded; and presents organizational models for technology in the humanities. Highlights the electronic text initiative at Pennsylvania State…

Ellis, Steven

1996-01-01

294

Audio/video digital libraries: designing, searching for documents, and generating Metadata.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim is to provide a theoretical and experimental background on the techniques and the methodologies for the organization, creation, and management of an Audio/Video Digital Library (A/V DL). The frontier of DLs consists in the possibility of managing multimedia documents other than pure textual information. In particular, due to the large amount of A/V material that is available in a digital form and due to its economic, environmental, health, cultural, and social significance, the manage...

Amato, Giuseppe; Gennaro, Claudio; Savino, Pasquale

2003-01-01

295

User experience interaction design for digital educational games  

Science.gov (United States)

Leading the elements of games into education is the newest teaching concepts in the field of educational technology, which is by using healthy games to impel and preserve the learner's motivation, improve the learning efficiency and bring one experience in learning something by playing games. First of all, this article has introduced the concept of Digital Game and User Experience and brought the essence of Digital Game to light to construct the frame of user experience interaction design for digital educational games and offer one design idea for the development of related products and hoping that Digital Game will bring us continuous innovation experience.

Yuan, Jiugen; Zhang, Wenting; Xing, Ruonan

2014-04-01

296

Digital Girl: Jill Emery--University of Houston Libraries, TX  

Science.gov (United States)

For Jill Emery, an interest in librarianship came at an unusually young age. Today, Emery's earliest colleagues would be proud, not just of the vibrant career Emery has established for herself but for what she has done to lead the profession into the digital future. As director of electronic resources at the University of Houston, Emery is at the…

Library Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

297

Community Digital Library Requirements for the Southern California Earthquake Center Community Modeling Environment (SCEC/CME)  

Science.gov (United States)

A community digital library provides support for ingestion, organization, description, preservation, and access of digital entities. The technologies that traditionally provide these capabilities are digital libraries (ingestion, organization, description), persistent archives (preservation) and data grids (access). We present a design for the SCEC community digital library that incorporates aspects of all three systems. Multiple groups have created integrated environments that sustain large-scale scientific data collections. By examining these projects, the following stages of implementation can be identified: \\begin{itemize} Definition of semantic terms to associate with relevant information. This includes definition of uniform content descriptors to describe physical quantities relevant to the scientific discipline, and creation of concept spaces to define how the uniform content descriptors are logically related. Organization of digital entities into logical collections that make it simple to browse and manage related material. Definition of services that are used to access and manipulate material in the collection. Creation of a preservation environment for the long-term management of the collection. Each community is faced with heterogeneity that is introduced when data is distributed across multiple sites, or when multiple sets of collection semantics are used, and or when multiple scientific sub-disciplines are federated. We will present the relevant standards that simplify the implementation of the SCEC community library, the resource requirements for different types of data sets that drive the implementation, and the digital library processes that the SCEC community library will support. The SCEC community library can be viewed as the set of processing steps that are required to build the appropriate SCEC reference data sets (SCEC approved encoding format, SCEC approved descriptive metadata, SCEC approved collection organization, and SCEC managed storage location). Each digital entity that is ingested into the SCEC community library is processed and validated for conformance to SCEC standards. These steps generate provenance, descriptive, administrative, structural, and behavioral metadata. Using data grid technology, the descriptive metadata can be registered onto a logical name space that is controlled and managed by the SCEC digital library. A version of the SCEC community digital library is being implemented in the Storage Resource Broker. The SRB system provides almost all the features enumerated above. The peer-to-peer federation of metadata catalogs is planned for release in September, 2003. The SRB system is in production use in multiple projects, from high-energy physics, to astronomy, to earth systems science, to bio-informatics. The SCEC community library will be based on the definition of standard metadata attributes, the creation of logical collections within the SRB, the creation of access services, and the demonstration of a preservation environment. The use of the SRB for the SCEC digital library will sustain the expected collection size and collection capabilities.

Moore, R.; Faerman, M.; Minster, J.; Day, S. M.; Ely, G.

2003-12-01

298

Book Review: Digital preservation of cultural heritage collection: Among libraries of India and Iran: A comparative study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital libraries universally have emerged in two ways. One, they are born digital (also known as electronic resource. Two, they are converted to become digital-by scanning or other data capturing techniques –from printed, microform, manuscripts, etc.. The converted digital resources demand greater attention by decision makers with regards design, plan and implementation– i.e., in the process of preservation of cultural heritage collections. The book depicts both the types of digital collections, albeit in a limited way, viz., a sample population for libraries based on heritage resources and level of digitization, and b two developing countries.

Mohamed Taher

2012-06-01

299

Libraries as a Means of Education and Enlightenment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Soviet libraries play a great role in the spiritual life of the country, in the education and enlightenment of broad sections of the population, and in dissemination of the cultural, scientific and technical achievements among the people. Due to this care and broad initiative of the people, the U.S.S.R. has the largest number of networks of…

Mokhov, N. J.

300

Leveraging on Easy Java Simulation tool and open source computer simulation library to create interactive digital media for mass customization of high school physics curriculum  

CERN Document Server

This paper highlights the diverse possibilities in the rich community of educators from the Conceptual Learning of Science (CoLoS) and Open Source Physics (OSP) movement to engage, enable and empower educators and students, to create interactive digital media through computer modeling. This concept revolves around a paradigmatic shift towards participatory learning through immersive computer modeling, as opposed to using technology for information transmission. We aim to engage high school educators to professionally develop themselves by creating and customizing simulations possible through Easy Java Simulation (Ejs) and its learning community. Ejs allows educators to be designers of learning environments through modifying source codes of the simulation. Educators can conduct lessons with students' using these interactive digital simulations and rapidly enhance the simulation through changing the source codes personally. Ejs toolkit, its library of simulations and growing community contributed simulation cod...

Wee, Loo Kang

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law. Updated May 5, 2010.  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of its Library Project, Google proposed to digitize books in the collections of several major libraries, index them in its search engine (http://www.google.com), and allow searchers to view 'snippets' of the digitized books. Google's proposed repr...

K. M. Manuel

2010-01-01

302

Library Research Strategies for Education Researchers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors present information sources and retrieval techniques for persons wishing to search recent educational literature. They discuss card catalogs, bibliographies, periodical indexes, abstracting services, computer databases, interlibrary loaning, and institutional resources. In many cases they name and briefly describe specific reference…

Kartis, Alexia M.; Watters, Annette Jones

1981-01-01

303

??????????????? ???????:???? The Development of Digital Learning Objects for a “Research Methods” Course in Library and Information Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????ADDIE?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????With the continued development of information and communication technologies, and an increased acceptance for new technological products, the digital learning environment has gradually matured. Governments worldwide have invested financial and human resources to create e-learning courses and develop e-learning materials for four purposes: 1 avoid duplicating the same curriculum, 2 increase learning options, 3 enrich the learning experience, and 4 support a society for lifelong learning. This study attempts to apply the ADDIE instructional design model, along with Rapid E-Learning tools, to develop learning objects for “Research Methods,” a common graduate course in the Library and Information Sciences department. The certification standards for e-learning materials, issued by the Ministry of Education, were adopted as the assessment tool to understand the learner’s attitude and preference regarding those learning objects. It is expected that the research outcome serve as a basis for formulating DLO design principles, and for better applying DLOs in the classroom environment.

Shan-Ju L. Chang

2012-03-01

304

YADDA2 – Assemble Your Own Digital Library Application from Lego Bricks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

YADDA2 is an open software platform which facilitates creation of digital library applications. It consists of versatile building blocks providing, among others: storage, relational and full-text indexing, process management, and asynchronous communication. Its loosely-coupled service-oriented architecture enables deployment of highly-scalable, distributed systems.

Sylwestrzak, Wojtek; Rosiek, Tomasz; Bolikowski, ?ukasz

2012-01-01

305

Las bibliotecas digitales.: Parte III. Evaluación / Digital libraries: Part III. Evaluation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se ofrece una panorámica de las tendencias, modelos y procedimientos utilizados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales. Es un tema controvertido, con múltiples vertientes y una terminología en formación. En muchos casos, este tema se vincula con otro mucho más amplio aún, la evaluación de l [...] os recursos digitales en la red. Se presenta sintéticamente los resultados de la indagación en Internet sobre los aspectos considerados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales y la distinción entre la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales en general y de arte en particular. Abstract in english An overview of the tendencies, models and procedures used to evaluate digital libraries is presented. It is a quite controversial subject with many trends and a terminology under formation. In many cases, this subject is linked to a yet wider one; the evaluation of the digital resources in the web. [...] The results of the Internet research on the evaluation of digital libraries are briefly dealt with, as well as the distinctions between the evaluation of digital libraries in general and that art libraries in particular

Ana Margarita, Cabrera Facundo; Adrián, Coutín Domínguez.

306

Yahoo Works with Academic Libraries on a New Project to Digitize Books  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the most recent search-engine company to join with academic libraries in digitizing large collections of books to make them easily searchable online. Yahoo Inc. has teamed up with the University of California system, the University of Toronto, and several archives and technology companies on a project that could potentially…

Carlson, Scott; Young, Jeffrey R.

2005-01-01

307

Implementing the common user interface for a digital library: the ETRDL experience  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Common User Interfaces for the ERCIM Technical Reference Digital Library (ETRDL) are described and the underlying motivations for certain design decisions are discussed. The lessons that have been learnt from this experience are outlined and possible future developments are suggested.

Baldacci, Maria; Biagioni, Stefania; Carlesi, Carlo; Castelli, Donatella; Peters, Carol

1998-01-01

308

Evaluation of a Digital Library by Means of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) and the Kano Model  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper proposes utilizing a combination of the Quality Function Deployment (QFD)-Kano model as a useful tool to evaluate service quality. The digital library of the University of Guadalajara (Mexico) is presented as a case study. Data to feed the QFD-Kano model was gathered by an online questionnaire that was made available to users on the…

Garibay, Cecilia; Gutierrez, Humberto; Figueroa, Arturo

2010-01-01

309

Modelling the Functionality of the Multimedia Digital Library for Fashion Objects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes a project of a multimedia digital library for fashion objects. The presented work aims to provide an environment for the National Art Academy students works, showing in front a professional and nonprofessional public the significant values of the fashion domain.

Pavlova-draganova, Lilia; Luchev, Detelin; Goynov, Maxim

2012-01-01

310

The Perseus Project and Beyond: How Building a Digital Library Challenges the Humanities and Technology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Perseus Project, a digital library in the humanities concentrating on ancient Greek culture, is expanding to cover Roman, Renaissance and various other areas of the humanities. Goals include helping traditional scholars research effectively and help humanists use technology to redefine the relationship between their work and the broader…

Crane, Gregory

1998-01-01

311

Building a Hypertextual Digital Library in the Humanities: A Case Study on London.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the creation of a new humanities digital library collection: 11,000,000 words and 10,000 images representing books, images, and maps on pre-twentieth century London and its environs. The London collection contained far more dense and precise information than the materials from the Greco-Roman world. The London collection thus…

Crane, Gregory; Smith, David A.; Wulfman, Clifford E.

312

The Study of Problems of Library Legislation in the Course of Training Library Personnel in Library Educational Institutions in the USSR and Other Socialist Countries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Library studies in institutions of higher learning in socialist countries regularly include studies of library legislation. The topic is integrated into course syllabuses and textbooks, and is discussed in detail in such courses as "Organization and Management of Librarianship" taught at all library educational institutions in the USSR. This…

Abramov, K. I.

313

Digital content sewed together within a library catalogue WebLib - The CERN Document Server  

CERN Document Server

Aggregation, harvesting, personalization techniques, portals, service provision, etc. have all become buzzwords. Most of them simply describing what librarians have been doing for hundreds of years. Prior to the Web few people outside the libraries were concerned about these issues, a situation which today it is completely turned upside down. Hopefully the new actors on the arena of knowledge management will take full advantage of all the available "savoir faire". At CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, librarians and informaticians have set up a complete system, WebLib, actually based on the traditional library catalogue. Digital content is, within this framework, being integrated to the highest possible level in order to meet the strong requirements of the particle physics community. The paper gives an overview of the steps CERN has made towards the digital library from the day the laboratory conceived the World Wide Web to present.

Vigen, Jens

2002-01-01

314

Elementary, Middle, and High School Students Vary in Frequency and Purpose When Using Online Digital References. A review of: Silverstein, Joanne. “Just Curious: Children’s Use of Digital Reference for Unimposed Queries and Its Importance in Informal EducationLibrary Trends 54.2 (Fall 2005: 228?44.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To determine 1 how and with what frequency children use digital references to answer their own unimposed questions; 2 whether digital reference services support their self?initiated learning; 3 whether digital reference services support the transfer of student motivation and curiosity from the formal to the informal; and 4 what instructional and software designers should consider in creating tools that support learning.Design – Inductive analysis.Setting – Virtual Reference Desk’s (VRD Learning Center (http://vrd.askvrd.org/ and the National Science Foundation’s (NSFdigital reference service (http://www.esteme.org during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week (ESTEME, April 11?16, 2005.Subjects – Elementary (K?5, middle (6?8,and high school (9?12 students from the general public. One hundred fourteen questions were analyzed, however there is no indication of the number of different students who submitted the questions.Methods – This study was conducted using a pool of 600 questions from students, teachers, parents, and the general public that were submitted to two digital reference services intended for students. Three hundred experts in the fields of Math and Science volunteered to answer the submitted questions during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week. Because the digital services employed a pull?down menu to describe the user as a student, teacher, parent, etc., the questions could be narrowed to those submitted by students. The questions were also narrowed to those marked as “just curious” from a question purpose menu that contained categories including “written report,” “science fair project,” and “just curious.” A total of 114 unique questions from elementary, middle, and high school students were analyzed to determine the study objectives. The 114 questions were loaded into a qualitative software application (HyperResearch for inductive analysis. Questions from students were coded as elementary, middle, or high school and only those questions derived from students’ self?initiated interests were analyzed.Main results – Analysis revealed that elementary students submitted a large portion of the questions. Middle school students asked the most questions, of which some questions were compound (more than one question in a given query. Older students submitted the least amount of questions. an unanticipated finding was that students’ grade levels correlated to the foci of their queries, which regarded “My Life,” “My Stuff,” “Other People,” “The World,”“The Universe,” or “Abstract Thought.” High school students were interested in the narrowest foci pertaining to their immediate circumstance rather than the larger topics of other people, the world, and the universe.T he majority of middle school students were interested in abstract concepts, and 45% of elementary school students’ queries were about how the world works. Although this study was not longitudinal, results suggest that student curiosity may shift over time. Results also indicated that younger children demonstrated interests outside the classroom that were related to formal learning previously introduced within the classroom. This carry over of interest declined in upper grades. Queries that were unimposed but related to an academic subject such as science or social studies were most evident in questions submitted by elementary students, while questions dealing more with career planning, health, death, and anxiety were most frequently addressed by middle school students. The findings also indicated that the use of digital reference services is at its highest in elementary school, peaks in middle school, and falls drastically in high school.Conclusion – 1 How and with what frequency do children use digital reference services to answer their own unimposed questions? The results of this study revealed a trend on the frequency and purpose of use of digital references when s

Julie Stephens

2006-12-01

315

All-Digital Baseband 65nm PLL/FPLL Clock Multiplier using 10-cell Library  

Science.gov (United States)

PLLs for clock generation are essential for modern circuits, to generate specialized frequencies for many interfaces and high frequencies for chip internal operation. These circuits depend on analog circuits and careful tailoring for each new process, and making them fault tolerant is an incompletely solved problem. Until now, all digital PLLs have been restricted to sampled data DSP techniques and not available for the highest frequency baseband applications. This paper presents the design and preliminary evaluation of an all-digital baseband technique built entirely with an easily portable 10-cell digital library. The library is also described, as it aids in research and low volume design porting to new processes. The advantages of the digital approach are the wide variety of techniques available to give varying degrees of fault tolerance, and the simplicity of porting the design to new processes, even to exotic processes that may not have analog capability. The only tuning parameter is digital gate delay. An all-digital approach presents unique problems and standard analog loop stability design criteria cannot be directly used. Because of the quantization of frequency, there is effectively infinite gain for very small loop error feedback. The numerically controlled oscillator (NCO) based on a tapped delay line cannot be reliably updated while a pulse is active in the delay line, and ordinarily does not have enough frequency resolution for a low-jitter output.

Shuler, Robert L., Jr.; Wu, Qiong; Liu, Rui; Chen, Li

2014-01-01

316

Building library leadership in Africa : a proposed education initiative  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article deals with a proposed initiative to train library managers on the African continent. It is argued that such an education initiative will contribute to the socio-economic development of Africa. Issues addressed in the article include the following: the background to and rationale for this initiative, justification for the University of Pretoria to be the degree-issuing institution, the delivery mode, outline of the proposed curriculum and expected outcomes of this initiative.

2007-01-01

317

The Digital Fish Library: Using MRI to Digitize, Database, and Document the Morphological Diversity of Fish  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Museum fish collections possess a wealth of anatomical and morphological data that are essential for documenting and understanding biodiversity. Obtaining access to specimens for research, however, is not always practical and frequently conflicts with the need to maintain the physical integrity of specimens and the collection as a whole. Non-invasive three-dimensional (3D) digital imaging therefore serves a critical role in facilitating the digitization of these specimens for anatomical and m...

Berquist, Rachel M.; Gledhill, Kristen M.; Peterson, Matthew W.; Doan, Allyson H.; Baxter, Gregory T.; Yopak, Kara E.; Kang, Ning; Walker, H. J.; Hastings, Philip A.; Frank, Lawrence R.

2012-01-01

318

The Físchlár digital library: networked access to a video archive of TV news  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents an overview of the Físchlár digital library, a collection of over 300 hours of broadcast TV content which has been indexed to allow searching, browsing and playback of video. The system is in daily use by over 1,500 users on our University campus and is used for teaching and learning, for research, and for entertainment. It is shortly to be made available to University libraries elsewhere in Ireland. The infrastructure we use is a Gigabit ETHERNET backbone and a conve...

Smeaton, Alan F.

2002-01-01

319

Taking Care of Digital Collections and Data: ‘Curation’ and Organisational Choices for Research Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores the types of digital information research libraries typically deal with and what factors might influence libraries’ decisions to take on the work of data curation themselves, to take on the responsibility for data but market out the actual work, or to leave the responsibility to other organisations. The article introduces the issues dealt with in the LIBER Workshop ‘Curating Research’ to be held in The Hague on 17 April 2009 ( http://www.kb.nl/curatingresearch and this corresponding issue of LIBER Quarterly.

Inge Angevaare

2008-11-01

320

Wireless Technologies Bridging the Digital Divide in Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this paper is to demonstrate how the latest wireless standards and technologies may overcome the digital divide in education in the developed and developing worlds. The concept of the digital divide is discussed in the traditional socio-economic sense and expanded in terms of the learner's location, age, culture and background. It is important that we understand the full extent and complexities of this division if we are to effectively bridge it. Why and how the digital div...

Gerard Smyth

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Promoting Educational Equity through School Libraries. Module 5: Educational Equity in the Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggestions offered in the fifth module of a continuing education program for inservice school media specialists are designed to aid in identifying sexism and sex-role stereotyping in instructional materials, and help trainees foster educational equity in...

A. P. Nilsen K. B. Tyler

1978-01-01

322

Digital Artistry and Mediation: (Re)mixing Music Education  

Science.gov (United States)

There is no doubt that mediation has become a central issue outside formal music education. An outstanding example of this is digital music and its dependence on the new technologies of production, dissemination, and consuming. In this paper, the author argues that (1) mediation is one of the most important aspects of digital artistry and that (2)…

Vakeva, Lauri

2012-01-01

323

Collaborative research in higher education with digital support  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Collaboration in educational research involves frequently that educational specialists work with experts from other disciplines. Language use and expertise in differing fields necessitates that knowledge construction processes are made visible so meaning can be negotiated. In this article we present examples where experts from different disciplines and with different experiences have used digital platforms to assist them in making expertise, ideas and expectations visible. We discuss how the materiality of these digital tools supported collaboratorsâ?? joint negotiations to better understand selected educational practices. This article explores the affordances of selected digital tools including Google documents, digital videos and more, to discuss ways in which they supported the sharing and cogeneration of meaning. We found that digital tools in themselves were not enough to achieve reciprocity between different experts because power relations do not necessarily disappear through the use of digital tools. We conclude that digital tools offer ways to expand the possibilities of joint work by slowing down or speeding up the access to and processing of ideas and that educational researchers collaborating in interdisciplinary teams should carefully assess the digital tools available to them and how they can be used to support research collaboration.

Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Gnaur, Dorina

2014-01-01

324

Digital Scholarship and Resource Sharing Among Astronomy Libraries: A Case Study of RRI Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Prior to developing consortia, astronomy libraries in India were in an embryonic stage with meager resources and dwindling budgets. It was extremely difficult for them to respond to the needs of their users. Librarians at the various Indian astronomy institutes were forced to look at alternate strategies. Raman Research Institute in Bangalore will be examined in a case study where they attempt to implement resource sharing with other institutes in India and how they were able to provide efficient service to the astronomy community.

Benegal, V.

2012-08-01

325

Schools Library Services: Their Changing Value to the Education of London's Children  

Science.gov (United States)

In the history of education Schools Library Services are relative newcomers. The London County Council and its successor, the Inner London Education Authority, developed Schools Library Services for their own schools from the 1950s onwards. After the Education Reform Act 1988 became law, responsibility for education passed to the inner London…

Collins, Judith

2005-01-01

326

digital-earth.eu: a European network for Digital Earth education  

Science.gov (United States)

European school education has so far, by and large, ignored geospatial developments like remote sensing, despite the fact that geo-technology has already become a significant employer. There are small pockets of intense activity, the challenge is to scale these developments up. This article reports on networking initiatives developed by the digital-earth.eu project to connect organisations involved in geospatial education like remote sensing, to share practice, provide advice and guidance on the use of geographic information to others and be a place for new initiatives. The digital-earth.eu network project raises awareness of the role of digital earth education, informing politicians of the significance of digital earth tools and technologies. digital-earth.eu also establishes a teacher support network infrastructure which incorporates geo-services for teachers such as the use of ArcGIS Online for Organisations and the European Environment Agency EyeonEarth platform. The project has made recommendation concerning the growing shortage of a geospatial workforce in Europe, the significance of open data and the usability of EU INSPIRE Directive. It suggests that Digital Earth education and training developments are urgently needed as part of the European Qualifications Framework. European policy makers have to be made much more aware of geospatial concepts and then actively encouraged by stakeholders to respond to them in policy terms through developing a "Digital Earth education for all".

Donert, K.

2013-08-01

327

A Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da Universidade de São Paulo / The University of São Paulo Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Apresentação dos aspectos principais da Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da Universidade de São Paulo (USP): o processo de desenvolvimento adotado para a implementação do site, a tecnologia utilizada, a arquitetura e a funcionalidade. Discussão sobre a Biblioteca Digital no processo de pós [...] -graduação da USP. Relato das várias decisões não-técnicas adotadas ao longo do projeto, que tiveram grande impacto no resultado final. Abstract in english The main aspects involved in the development of the digital library of theses and dissertations of the University of São Paulo (USP) are discussed: the process adopted to accomplish the objective, the technology used, and the digital library architecture and functionality. Two other aspects are also [...] discussed: how the digital library is inserted in the whole USP graduation process and various non technical, crucial decisions taken throughout the development process.

Masiero, Paulo Cesar; Bremer, Carlos Frederico; Coletta, Teresinha das Graças; Lirani, Maria de Lourdes Rebucci; Kondo, Rogério Toshiaki; Aragão, Antonio C.; Mosconi, Elaine Paiva; Salem, Aziz Donizzetti Cavalheiro.

328

Accreditation and Standards of Library and Information Science Education in the United States  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Accreditation is the main means to maintain good quality of library and information science education in the United States. Standards for accreditation are used to evaluate master’s programs in library and information science. This article mainly discusses accreditation and standards of library and information science education in the United States. Firstly, it reviews present state of library and information science schools in the United States. Then, it explores meanings, functions, history, as well as procedures of accreditation for library and information science education. Finally, it studies the “Standards for Accreditation of Master‘s Programs in Library & Information Studies 1992 “.[Article content in Chinese

Mei-Ling Wang

2000-12-01

329

A Genetic Programming Framework for Topic Discovery from Online Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Various topic extraction techniques for digital libraries have been proposed over the past decade. Generally the topic extraction system requires a large number of features and complicated lexical analysis. While these features and analysis are effective to represent the statistical characteristics of the document, they didn't capture the high level semantics. In this paper, we present a new approach for topic extraction. Our approach combines user's click stream data with traditional lexical analysis. From our point of view, the user's click stream directly reflects human understanding of the high-level semantics in the document. Furthermore, a simple, yet effective, piece-wise linear model for topic evolution is proposed. We apply genetic algorithm to estimate the model and extract topics. Experiments on the set of US congress digital library documents demonstrate that our approach achieves better accuracy for the topic extraction than traditional methods.

Yinxing Li

2010-11-01

330

?????????????????????????????????????????? | Toward Digitization and Increasingly Diverse Collections and Services: Strategy and Experiences of the Shanghai Library / Zhang Qi  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

As an indispensable part of society, libraries are experiencing the changes, enjoying the progress, and hoping to benefit from the promises of digitalization. With consolidation of collections from many local libraries, The Shanghai Library must continue to provide traditional services and explore and implement appropriate development opportunities offered by 21st century technology. The Shanghai Library is the second largest library in China, with a total collection of 50.95 million titles. Since its establishment in 1952, the Library has grown rapidly through some historic mergers. In 1958 the city government combined four municipal libraries (Municipal Historical Document Library, Municipal Periodicals Library, Municipal Science and Technology Library, and the Shanghai Library with some other collections including the Bibliotheca Xujiahui and SMC (Shanghai Municipal Council Library. In 1995, the Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of Shanghai (known as ISTIS, one of the country’s leading information institutions, was merged with the Shanghai Library, resulting in the first combination of a library and an information institution in the country. This was an epoch-making event in Chinese librarianship. The merger between library and information institute has provided a significant opportunity for the Shanghai Library to redefine itself as a center of information resources, an information clearinghouse, a knowledge repository, a school of life-long

???95-98

??

2007-10-01

331

A Semantic Model of Selective Dissemination of Information for Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

n this paper we present the theoretical and methodological foundations for the development of a multi-agent Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) service model that applies Semantic Web technologies for specialized digital libraries. These technologies make possible achieving more efficient information management, improving agent–user communication processes, and facilitating accurate access to relevant resources. Other tools used are fuzzy linguistic modelling techniques (which make...

Morales-del-castillo, J. M.; Pedraza-jime?nez, R.; Peis, E.; Herrera-viedma, E.

2013-01-01

332

Multidimensional Indexing and Querying of XML in Digital Libraries and Relational Database Systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The rise of XML (Extensible Markup Language) as a new universal data format created the demand to store XML with established relational database technology. This became even more important as application fields of relational databases like digital library systems also turned towards a massive use of XML. This work presents an approach to map XML data to a relational schema. The mapping uses an approach based on simplified Multidimensional Hierarchical Clustering (MHC) which was originally des...

Bauer, Michael G.

2007-01-01

333

DL.org - Digital library technology and methodology cookbook: RFC version  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The demand for powerful and rich Digital Libraries able to support a large variety of interdisciplinary activities as well as the data deluge the information society is confronted with nowadays has increased the need for "building by re?use" and "sharing". Interoperability is a central issue to satisfy these needs. Despite its importance, and the many attempts to address it done in the past, the solutions to this problem are today, however, still very limited. Main reasons for this slow...

Athanasopoulos, George; Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; El Raheb, Katerina; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, Anna; Ross, Seamus; Tani, Alice; Thanos, Costantino; Toli, Eleni; Vullo, Giuseppina

2010-01-01

334

Designing the user-interface for the Físchlár digital video library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A framework for designing video content browsers that are based on browsing keyframes and are used in digital video libraries is presented. Based on a review of existing ideas and systems, we derive a design space to compare existing browser interfaces and to specify new interface ideas in a more systematic way. This design space is used to illustrate three distinctive video browser interfaces we have developed. Results and analysis of user testing on these browsers are also presented, inform...

Lee, Hyowon; Smeaton, Alan F.

2002-01-01

335

Open knowledge on e-infrastructures: the BELIEF project digital library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To create this synergy among multi-disciplinary Research Infrastructure communities, BELIEF created a one-stop-shop for e-Infrastructures communities providing a Community Portal and a Digital Library (DL) with a huge number of e-Infrastructures open access publications. The BELIEF DL - implemented on top of the OpenDLib Software System - offers uniform access to multimedia documentation (e.g. presentations, videos, technical reports, manuals, on-line tutorials, etc.) providing continuously u...

Zoppi, Franco; Biagini, Federico

2009-01-01

336

Application of a Sign Language Synthesis System in Digital Library Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Information Accessibility for disabled people is one of the most important design criteria for the China National Digital Library (CNDL development. Sign language synthesis systems are effective to provide information services for people with hearing and speech impairments. This paper presents a framework of a sign language synthesis system application in CNDL, as well as discusses the relevant technologies applied in the system. CNDL has been a real practice area for the sign language synthesis research.

Jing WAN

2009-07-01

337

Application of a Sign Language Synthesis System in Digital Library Services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Information Accessibility for disabled people is one of the most important design criteria for the China National Digital Library (CNDL) development. Sign language synthesis systems are effective to provide information services for people with hearing and speech impairments. This paper presents a framework of a sign language synthesis system application in CNDL, as well as discusses the relevant technologies applied in the system. CNDL has been a real practice area for the sign language synth...

Wan, Jing; Wu, Bin; Qiao, Yingxin

2009-01-01

338

Responding to the Call to Curate: Digital Curation in Practice at Penn State University Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes how the Pennsylvania State (Penn State) University Libraries and the university’s central information technology organization, Information Technology Services, are putting into practice key tenets of digital curation through the newly established Content Stewardship program, a joint strategic initiative to implement stewardship services for the university. First, we provide an account of the planning, preparation, and prototyping that informed the initial year of the pr...

Hswe, Patricia; Furlough, Michael J.; Giarlo, Michael J.; Martin, Maire?ad

2011-01-01

339

Does it matter where we test? : Online user studies in digital libraries in natural environments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

User studies in digital libraries face two fundamental challenges. The first is the necessity of running more user studies in an online environment. Users can access digital library collections and services worldwide and the services should be usable at any time. This need for more online studies is coupled with a second need, a demand to test under realistic conditions outside of laboratories in usersâ?? natural environment. Asynchronous remote usability tests are a methodological approach that might answer both needs: they allow participants to take part in a study at a time and place of their choice, often in the participantsâ?? natural environment. Any chosen place, however, might be noisy. Distractions are ubiquitous in a userâ??s natural environment. An awareness of the potential influences of distractions on usersâ?? behavior during test situations is of great importance, because the validity of a study depends on the quality of the data. If an instrument allows systematic mistakes in measurements because of distractions, the validity is at risk. This dissertation examined if distraction in the usersâ?? natural environment produces a systematic mistake in digital library studies that take place at a time and location of participantsâ?? choice. In order to investigate the existence of distractions during online user studies in digital libraries and to analyze the influence(s) of that distraction, a psychological experiment was set up. It ex¬amined completion time scores between participants in a laboratory and participants in their natural environment. The results of the experiment showed that participants were highly distracted and that participants in their natural environment needed more time to complete the same test. The setting did not affect successful task completions, the participantsâ?? judgments of sites or their decision-making processes. This work can conclude that it does not matter where we test, but it matters what happens during the test.

Greifeneder, Elke

2012-01-01

340

Information needs research in the era of the digital medical library.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The rapid adoption of Internet-accessible information resources by the clinical community, has resulted in an exponential growth in the variety and type of clinical information resources along with an increasing diversity of information technologies to deliver clinical information. To date, little formal work has been done to investigate the significance of new information technologies such as Internet-based digital libraries and multimedia record systems on clinical information need or infor...

Lomax, E. C.; Lowe, H. J.

1998-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Have digital repositories come of age? The views of library directors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This survey of approximately 150 repositories assessed the achievements, impact, and success of digital repositories. Results show that while the size and use of repositories has been relatively modest, almost half of all institutions either have, or are planning, a repository mandate requiring deposit and small gains have been made in raising the profile of the library within the institution. Repositories, then, have made a good deal of progress, but they have not quite come of age.

David Nicholas

2013-12-01

342

A Longitudinal Study of Database Usage Within a General Audience Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study reports on a longitudinal investigation of database usage available through BadgerLink, a general audience digital library available to Wisconsin residents in the United States. The authors analyzed BadgerLink database usage, including EBSCO databases sampled every two years over a six-year period between 1999 and 2005 and four years of usage for ProQuest databases between 2002 and 2005. A quantitative analysis of the transaction log summaries was carried out. Available data includ...

Wolfram, Dietmar; Xie, Iris

2009-01-01

343

A geo-temporal information extraction service for processing descriptive metadata in digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the context of digital map libraries, resources are usually described according to metadata records that define the relevant subject, location, time-span, format and keywords. On what concerns locations and time-spans, metadata records are often incomplete or they provide information in a way that is not machine-understandable (e.g. textual descriptions). This paper presents techniques for extracting geotemporal information from text, using relatively simple text mining methods that levera...

Martins, Bruno; Manguinhas, H.; Borbinha, Jose?; Siabato Vaca, Willington Libardo

2009-01-01

344

The International Children's Digital Library: Description and analysis of first use  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present the first version of the International Children's Digital Library (ICDL). As a five-year research project, its mission is to enable children to access and read an international collection of children's books through the development of new interface technologies. This paper will introduce the ICDL and an initial analysis of the first seven weeks of the ICDL's public use on the Web.

Druin, Allison; Bederson, Benjamin; Weeks, Ann; Farber, Allison; Grosjean, Jesse; Guha, Mona; Hourcade, Juan; Lee, Juhyun; Liao, Sabrina; Reuter, Kara; Rose, Anne; Takayama, Yoshifumi; Zhang, Lingling

2003-01-01

345

The Factors which Effect the Development of Librarianship and Library Education in the Arab Countries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of positive factors--culture, Arab League activities, UNESCO contributions, foreign study, establishment of libraries and education expansion-- and negative factors--lack of national library planning, cooperation, standards, effective library legislation, national book plan, library literature, and illiteracy--are included. (MBR)

Sharif, A.

1979-01-01

346

Studying Digital Library Users Over Time: A Follow-up Survey of Early Canadiana Online  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports the findings of a second user survey of a digital library collection of Early Canadiana materials. The main purpose of the study was to investigate whether the user group or the nature of use had changed since the first survey conducted a year earlier. As in the first survey we also wanted to gather feedback on satisfaction levels and suggestions for improvements to the Early Canadiana Online (ECO site. A new section was added to the second survey to explore the use of ECO in teaching and research. Overall, findings showed that the user group and nature of use of the materials were remarkably similar to the first survey. Enthusiasm for ECO remained high but many of the requests for changes to existing features and the suggestions for enhancements to the site were the same as those in the first survey. The survey revealed that respondents who used ECO for teaching and research differed from other respondents in a number of ways. We close by discussing the implications of these findings for digital libraries in general and the value of studying digital library users over time.

Joan Cherry

2002-01-01

347

EMANI, ERAM and Other European Activities Contributing to a Global Digital Library in Mathematics.  

Science.gov (United States)

With the rapidly growing activities in electronic publishing ideas came up to install global repositories which deal with three mainstreams in this enterprise: storing the electronic material currently available, pursuing projects to solve the archiving problem for this material with the ambition to preserve the content in readable form for future generations, and to capture the printed literature in digital versions providing good access and search facilities for the readers. Long-term availability of published research articles in mathematics and easy access to them is a strong need for researchers working with mathematics. Hence in this domain some pioneering projects have been established addressing the above mentioned problems. The talk will describe some of these activities and the plan to develop a global Digital Library in Mathematics (DLM). For example, in the archiving area as a special project for mathematics the Electronic Mathematics Archives Network Initiative (EMANI) had been designed. Having in mind that a distributed architecture would be more suitable and reduce the load on the partners for such a project, a network is proposed, which also might be a more open approach for extending the project from a initially restricted solution to a more comprehensive enterprise. For the core of the network, a co-operational system of reference libraries and content providers like publishers and editors has been be set up. On the side of the libraries the following partners have agreed to set up a prototype for the archive: the Tsinghua University Library in Beijing, the Cornell University Library in Ithaca (N. Y.), the Mathematical Library at Orsay in Paris and the Lower Saxony State and University Library in Goettingen. The first group of content providers consists of the Springer publishing house, associated publishers and journals posted in the Electronic Library of EMIS. The Electronic Research Archive in Mathematics (ERAM) is a German project dealing with capturing the content of a classical bibliographic service in mathematics in a database, and combining this with the retro-digitisation of selected mathematical publications. This is extended now by further projects which shall try to retro-digitise the national mathematical heritage in several countries world-wide. In particular ideas to cover the Russian publications in a digital repository called RusDLM are investigated at present, and they may contribute to a bigger programme for the Russian Federation, called "Electronic Russia", As further digitisation projects the French activity NUMDAM, pursued by Cellule MathDoc in Grenoble, and the European Cooperation in DIEPER have to be mentioned.

Wegner, Bernd

348

The Role of Library and Information Science Education in the Development of Community Health Information Services for People Living with HIV/AIDS: Perspectives of Directors and Managers of Public Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article identifies the role of library and information science (LIS education in the development of community health information services for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA. Preliminary findings are presented from semi- structured qualitative interviews that were conducted with eleven directors and managers of local branches in the Knox County Public Library (KCPL System that is located in the East Tennessee region in the United States. Select feedback reported by research participants is summarized in the article about strategies in LIS education that can help local public librarians and others in their efforts to become more responsive information providers to PLWHA. Research findings help better understand the issues and concerns regarding the development of digital and non-digital health information services for PLWHA in local public library institutions.

Bharat Mehra

2011-09-01

349

Promoting Educational Equity through School Libraries. Module 5: Educational Equity in the Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggestions offered in the fifth module of a continuing education program for inservice school media specialists are designed to aid in identifying sexism and sex-role stereotyping in instructional materials, and help trainees foster educational equity in their own institutions. The first part is concerned with the promotion of such equity through…

Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Tyler, Karen Beyard

350

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law. Updated November 27, 2009.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display 'snippets' of print books in the collections of f...

K. M. Manuel

2009-01-01

351

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law (November 27, 2009).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display snippets of print books in the collections of fiv...

K. M. Manuel

2009-01-01

352

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law. Updated July 6, 2009.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display 'snippets' of print books in the collections of f...

K. M. Manuel

2009-01-01

353

Assessing the Educational Values of Digital Games  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, digital games have assumed an important place in the lives of children and adolescents. Effective content design is crucial to the success of digital game-based learning. Therefore, the tool for assessing the effectiveness of game design is accordingly very important for parents and teachers, so that they may encourage or…

Hong, J-C.; Cheng, C-L.; Hwang, M-Y.; Lee, C-K.; Chang, H-Y.

2009-01-01

354

Ampliaciones de una Mediateca Digital de Muestras de Laboratorio Histopatológico / Extensions of a Digital Library of Laboratory Samples Histopathology  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo general de acción de este proyecto es ampliar una mediateca digital consistente en imágenes de muestras histopatológicas obtenidas en la 2da. Cátedra de Biología Celular, Histología y Embriología de la Facultad de Ciencias Medicas Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. Se proponen t [...] res líneas de trabajo principales: 1- integración de imágenes y documentos científicos (abstract de artículos) mediante el uso de términos ontológicos, 2- articulación del listado de imágenes y documentos científicos con herramientas de acceso a la información multimedia (imágenes y texto), 3- incorporación de una traducción simi-automática ingles-español usando herramientas libres de traducción automática de lengua origen castellano a lengua de origen ingles. Creemos que la asociación de diferentes herramientas de gestión del conocimiento permitirán ampliar una mediateca digital de muestras de laboratorio correspondientes a resultados de nuestros de trabajos de investigación subsidiados por organismos oficiales. También para que los contenidos de este proyecto estén disponibles para un amplio usuario de las Ciencias de la Salud con diferentes niveles de alfabetización funcional. Por último nuestro proyecto permitirá la inclusión de profesionales de la Escuela de Bibliotecología y de la Facultad de Lenguas de nuestra Universidad Pública. Abstract in english The overall objective of action of this project is to expand a digital media library consisting of images of histopathological samples obtained in the second department of Cell Biology, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, National University of Cordoba, Argentina. We suggests thre [...] e lines of work: 1 - integration of images and scientific papers (abstract of articles) by using ontological terms, 2 - joint list of images and scientific papers with tools to access multimedia information (pictures and text ), 3 - incorporation of automatic translation English-Spanish using free software tools. We believe that the combination of different knowledge management tools allows expanding a digital media library of samples for laboratory results of our research work subsidized by government agencies. Also for the contents of this project to be available for any user of the Health Sciences with different levels of functional literacy. Finally our project will enable the inclusion of professionals from the School of Library and the Faculty of Languages of our public universities.

Rodolfo Esteban, Ávila; Laura Alonso I, Alemany; María Elena, Samar; Luisa Beatriz, Buzzetti; Gustavo, Juri; Hugo Oscar, Juri.

355

76 FR 4874 - Improving Literacy Through School Libraries; Office of Elementary and Secondary Education...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Literacy Through School Libraries; Office of Elementary and Secondary Education; Overview...Literacy Through School Libraries Notice...Awards for Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Catalog...over a number of years; and (ii) any secondary school that is...

2011-01-27

356

THE ROLE OF ELECTRONIC LIBRARIES IN GETTING HIGHER EDUCATION FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article investigates the role of electronic libraries (e-libraries in education for people with disabilities. There is determined the problems of highlighted part of society and recommendations concerning use of e-libraries are submitted. Libraries' electronic resources are examined. It was emphasized that big and accessible national e-libraries creation will contribute to effective information usage and that would effect positively on level of science, technique and culture development as well as allow improving education system.. E-libraries give an opportunity to work with a present-day electronic education resources in a free access order. Much more people will be assisted in getting a higher education. It was defined that e-libraries in particular are the important resource for getting teaching and rare literature which is necessary for acquiring of any profession and also for getting higher education for people with disabilities.? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????????. ????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ???? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????. ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????. ??????????, ?? ????, ?? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????, ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????, ???????, ???????? ? ????????? ????????? ??????? ??????. ?????????? ??????????, ?? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????? ???????? ???????, ??????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????????. ?????????, ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????, ?????????? ??? ???????? ?? ????-???? ????????????? ? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ? ?????????? ?????????.

?.?. ????????????

2010-08-01

357

High-Speed Optical Library System Using Digital Versatile Disk Random Access Memory  

Science.gov (United States)

A high-data-transfer-rate optical storage system using a redundant array of inexpensive libraries (RAIL) has been developed and tested. It incorporates multiple libraries, where each library consists of dual digital versatile disk (DVD) random access memory (RAM) drives and a single robotic hand and holds 2.6 GB DVD disks. To increase the reliability of data storage and at the same time to eliminate the need for read-after-write verification, which doubles the recording time, a redundant array of inexpensive drives (RAID) 4 algorithm is implemented in the control unit of the storage system. Data sent by the host is transferred to a control unit, which stripes the data into five data groups plus one parity unit. The striped and parity data is sent to individual libraries and written to the DVD disks. This system writes and retrieves data with a transfer rate of approximately 6 MB/s, using write and read control methods that minimize the data striping overhead. This reliable library system can be used for networked multimedia applications.

Tanabe, Takaya; Ura, Tetsu; Yamamoto, Manabu

2000-02-01

358

Creating new library services through collaboration with resident groups : Aimimg at human resource development and information literacy education in ways only libraries can do : Study on activities of an NPO called Ueda Library Club  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating new library services through collaboration with resident groups : Aimimg at human resource development and information literacy education in ways only libraries can do : Study on activities of an NPO called Ueda Library Club

Morita, Utako

359

INFORMATIVE SPACE OF UKRAINE: THE ROLE OF THE EDUCATIVE LIBRARIES IN ITS FORMATION ????????????? ??????? ???????: ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ???? ??????????  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There are considered the main approaches of activity of V.O. Sukhomlynskiy State Scientific Pedagogical Library of Ukraine and networks of educative libraries of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine as well as the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine on creating of state informative space and its filling with the resources on psychological and pedagogical questions and education.?????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ????...

??????, ?. ?.; ?????????, ?. ?.

2010-01-01

360

Standards for Effective Library and Information Service and Continuing Education for Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of the State Library Association in developing continuing education opportunities for librarians is discussed. Library standards usually specify a trained and competent staff; to maintain appropriate levels requires a well organized continuing education program. The return of librarians to higher education is not advocated, but a concern…

McCabe, Gerard B.

 
 
 
 
361

Library e-induction: alleviating anxiety with digital doughnuts: a case study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This case study will explore some innovative methods of library induction at a higher education library in the UK, Southampton Solent University, looking particularly at e-induction and alternative approaches to the management of library anxiety.The induction programme includes features that are modular, interactive and - most particularly - student centred. They cater for a variety of preferences, including video, audio, text based and multi-media options. The variety of approaches taken by the Library’s blended induction package will be demonstrated. From the standard type of induction such as physical, virtual, self-guided and audio tours, to the perhaps ‘less usual’ including an alternative library with roof garden and doughnut machine.We will reflect on how all these approaches have worked together to assist new library users make the step up to this part of their information literate lives. In particular we would wish to differentiate between options appropriate to the induction stage, at which students are overcoming initial emotional barriers created by anxiety, and later stages when they are more receptive to, and better able to benefit from, in-depth e-literacy training. How this fits into the wider University “spiral induction programme” - a recently introduced system of spreading university induction over a number of weeks rather than cramming everything into a few hectic days - will also be considered.In addition we will explore possible further research avenues such as ‘the doughnut line’ (a statistical measure and a game based interactive learning experience designed to help overcome library anxiety.

Timothy Collinson

2006-12-01

362

Copyright, digital media literacies and preservice teacher education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article considers copyright knowledge and skills as a new literacy that can be developed through the application of digital media literacy pedagogies. Digital media literacy is emerging from more established forms of media literacy that have existed in schools for several decades and have continued to change as the social and cultural practices around media technologies have changed. Changing requirements of copyright law present specific new challenges for media literacy education bec...

2010-01-01

363

?????An Overview of the Google Books Project and Other Digitization Initiatives: Implications for Libraries?Rosemary Spellman, Robert P. Holley  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzes the effects of Google Books upon collection development efforts in academic libraries. Other mass digitization projects are also briefly discussed. The focus is on the hurdles that these projects face such as copyright questions, long-term technological planning, and continuing permanent funding. The authors also examine the role of digitization projects as a form of preservation and/or conservation. Finally, the paper looks at the culture of libraries, how use of library materials may change as a result of these projects, gives some ideas of how the public will want to access information, and presents some thoughts about how libraries can maintain their relevance even as the public has access to a wealth of digital resources. ?????Google Books ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???18-30

Rosemary Spellman Rosemary Spellman

2011-04-01

364

LDL (Landscape Digital Library) a Digital Photographic Database of a Case Study Area in the River Po Valley, Northern Italy  

CERN Multimedia

Landscapes are both a synthesis and an expression of national, regional and local cultural heritages. It is therefore very important to develop techniques aimed at cataloguing and archiving their forms. This paper discusses the LDL (Landscape Digital Library) project, a Web accessible database that can present the landscapes of a territory with documentary evidence in a new format and from a new perspective. The method was tested in a case study area of the river Po valley (Northern Italy). The LDL is based on a collection of photographs taken following a systematic grid of survey points identified through topographic cartography; the camera level is that of the human eye. This methodology leads to an innovative landscape archive that differs from surveys carried out through aerial photographs or campaigns aimed at selecting "relevant" points of interest. Further developments and possible uses of the LDL are also discussed.

Papotti, D

2001-01-01

365

An Ontology-based Context Aware System for Selective Dissemination of Information in a Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Users of Institutional Repositories and Digital Libraries are known by their needs for very specific information about one or more subjects. To characterize users profiles and offer them new documents and resources is one of the main challenges of today's libraries. In this paper, a Selective Dissemination of Information service is described, which proposes an Ontology-based Context Aware system for identifying user's context (research subjects, work team, areas of interest). This system enables librarians to broaden users profiles beyond the information that users have introduced by hand (such as institution, age and language). The system requires a context retrieval layer to capture user information and behavior, and an inference engine to support context inference from many information sources (selected documents and users' queries).

De Giusti, Marisa R; Vosou, Agustín; Martínez, Juan P

2010-01-01

366

Adult, Continuing, and In-Service Education and the Library in Higher Education: A Bibliographic Check List.  

Science.gov (United States)

As an aid for educational change, a bibliography has been prepared in the areas of: trends and developments in higher education; science, technology, civilization and social change; the future and future research; the library-college concept; the articula...

N. G. Stevens

1973-01-01

367

Leveraging EAD for Low-Cost Access to Digitized Content at the University of Alabama Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As funding shrinks and researcher demand for online access to primary source materials grows, many institutions seek the most cost-effective method of digitization, online delivery, and long-term access. One method of reducing costs is to leverage existing Encoded Archival Description (EAD finding aids for search and retrieval, rather than creating item-level descriptions for digitized content. This provides Web access to manuscript materials while still providing context to the user. This article describes the Septimus D. Cabaniss Papers project at the University of Alabama Libraries which seeks to recreate the patron experience in the reading room via the Web. This project tested a model for lowering the costs of Web delivery of large collections using folder level descriptions.

Jody L DeRidder

2011-01-01

368

High-throughput characterization of film thickness in thin film materials libraries by digital holographic microscopy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A high-throughput characterization technique based on digital holography for mapping film thickness in thin-film materials libraries was developed. Digital holographic microscopy is used for fully automatic measurements of the thickness of patterned films with nanometer resolution. The method has several significant advantages over conventional stylus profilometry: it is contactless and fast, substrate bending is compensated, and the experimental setup is simple. Patterned films prepared by different combinatorial thin-film approaches were characterized to investigate and demonstrate this method. The results show that this technique is valuable for the quick, reliable and high-throughput determination of the film thickness distribution in combinatorial materials research. Importantly, it can also be applied to thin films that have been structured by shadow masking.

Yiu Wai Lai, Michael Krause, Alan Savan, Sigurd Thienhaus, Nektarios Koukourakis, Martin R Hofmann and Alfred Ludwig

2011-01-01

369

Digital Scholarly Publishing and Archiving Services by Academic Libraries: Case Study of the University of Patras  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available During the last years, dramatic changes in the electronic publishing landscape have created new roles and changed the traditional ones. Presently, some libraries have capitalised on their experience and knowledge in information technology and electronic publishing to undertake such activities, while at the same time they spearhead the campaign for Open Access spreading within academic communities. The Library & Information Centre (LIC of the University of Patras (UoP, Greece, has been playing an active role in promoting Open Access (OA in Greece. Since 2007, LIC has been experimenting with OA publishing practices and tools within the framework of various R&D projects. Two of the major results of these efforts are the ‘Pasithee’ e-publishing platform and the ‘Dexamene’ digital archive for Greek scholarly journals. Both platforms are based on OJS-Open Journal Systems e-publishing software. The two facilities were appropriately modified to meet the LIC’s publishing and archiving requirements respectively. Currently two journals are being hosted on each platform and all four are from the Humanities. The LIC is negotiating with more publishers and editorial teams to host their journals. In this article we focus on: - technical and managerial key issues of the development and operation phases, - services and procedures, - the business model, - technological, procedural and legal issues and problems that were encountered when working together with publishers, editors and authors, and - future plans for improving and upgrading our e-publishing services into an integrated institutional platform to cover all kinds of publications and data types (monographs, conference proceedings, teaching material, bulletins, magazines etc.. The article concludes with a succinct presentation of the Directory of Greek Digital Resources, a pilot infrastructure developed by the LIC which indexes and presents digital publishing initiatives in Greece and aims to become a formal registry of Greek scholarly resources in digital format.

Panos Georgiou

2010-09-01

370

DIGITAL BROADCASTING and INTERACTIVE TELEVISION in DISTANCE EDUCATION: Digital And Interactive Television Infrastructure Proposol for Anadolu University Open Education Faculty  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Rapid changes and improvements in the communication and information technologies beginning from the midst of the 20th Century and continuing today require new methods, constructions, and arrangements in the production and distribution of information. While television having the ability of presenting complex or difficult to comprehend concepts, subjects, and experimental studies to learners from different points of view, supported by 2D or 3D graphics and animations with audio visual stimulators replaces its technology from analog to digital and towards digital-interactive, it has also begun to convert the broadcasting technology in Turkey in this direction. Therefore, television broadcast infrastructure of Anadolu University Open Education Faculty needs to be replaced with a digital and interactive one. This study contains basic concepts of digital and interactive broadcasting and the new improvements. Furthermore, it includes the approaches in the basis of why and how a digital television broadcasting infrastructure should be stablished.

Reha Recep ERGUL

2007-01-01

371

Copyright, digital media literacies and preservice teacher education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article considers copyright knowledge and skills as a new literacy that can be developed through the application of digital media literacy pedagogies. Digital media literacy is emerging from more established forms of media literacy that have existed in schools for several decades and have continued to change as the social and cultural practices around media technologies have changed. Changing requirements of copyright law present specific new challenges for media literacy education because the digitisation of media materials provides individuals with opportunities to appropriate and circulate culture in ways that were previously impossible. This article discusses a project in which a group of preservice media literacy educators were introduced to knowledge and skills required for the productive and informed use of different copyrights frameworks. The students’ written reflections and video production responses to a series of workshops about copyright are discussed, as are the opportunities and challenges provided by copyright education in preservice teacher education.

Michael Dezuanni

2010-10-01

372

The role of technology and digital gaming in nurse education.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is growing evidence that using e-learning and digital gaming technology can support students in their learning. An international project, Continuing/Higher Education in Research Methods Using Games, funded by the European Commission's Lifelong Learning Programme and led by a team at the University of the West of Scotland, aims to develop interactive activities and games to support nursing and social science students. This article looks at the scope of the project in helping to deliver nurse education. PMID:23556215

Johnston, Brian; Boyle, Liz; MacArthur, Ewan; Manion, Baltasar Fernandez

373

WEB-BASED LIBRARY CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES LEARNING ENVIRONMENT FOR LIS EDUCATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study highlights on Web-Based Library Classification Schemes in this paper. Web-basedmode of teaching is gradually evolving as an important component of LIS education in India. Library Classification Schemes are extremely helpful to classify books which are important portion for study in LIS education. They use as a tool to classify universe of knowledge. The study deals with Online Accessible Library Classification Schemes especially ‘WebDewey’ (Online product of DDC 22nd ed. and ‘UDC Online’ (UDC in the paper. These are constantly updated Library Classification schemes. This study mainly describes Library Classification, Web-based learning, Impact of Web on Library Classification Schemes, Objectives of Webbased Library Classification Schemes, Web-Based Library Classification Schemes- WebDewey, UDC Online.

Dr. Ashwini Paradkar

2012-01-01

374

First Invenio Workshop: CERN’s digital library software ten years on  

CERN Multimedia

To mark the release of Invenio 1.0, the first User Group Workshop was held last week, with more than 40 developers, system administrators and librarians from 14 different countries attending. The participants were able to catch up on developments in CERN’s digital library software and get a glimpse of where it's going next.   “This is the first time we’ve held such a big workshop,” explains Jean-Yves Le Meur, head of Digital Library Services. “There was a lot of demand for an event like this, and bringing out version 1.0 of Invenio was an obvious time to do it.” Ask him what’s new in version 1.0 and he opens his eyes wide. “There’s so much, it’s hard to summarise. One key improvement is that the code and the database are stable, well tested and optimised, which makes the software more efficient.” The participants, on the other hand, highlight new features coming up in Invenio...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

375

Trainable Cataloging for Digital Image Libraries with Applications to Volcano Detection  

Science.gov (United States)

Users of digital image libraries are often not interested in image data per se but in derived products such as catalogs of objects of interest. Converting an image database into a usable catalog is typically carried out manually at present. For many larger image databases the purely manual approach is completely impractical. In this paper we describe the development of a trainable cataloging system: the user indicates the location of the objects of interest for a number of training images and the system learns to detect and catalog these objects in the rest of the database. In particular we describe the application of this system to the cataloging of small volcanoes in radar images of Venus. The volcano problem is of interest because of the scale (30,000 images, order of 1 million detectable volcanoes), technical difficulty (the variability of the volcanoes in appearance) and the scientific importance of the problem. The problem of uncertain or subjective ground truth is of fundamental importance in cataloging problems of this nature and is discussed in some detail. Experimental results are presented which quantify and compare the detection performance of the system relative to human detection performance. The paper concludes by discussing the limitations of the proposed system and the lessons learned of general relevance to the development of digital image libraries.

Burl, M. C.; Fayyad, U. M.; Perona, P.; Smyth, P.

1995-01-01

376

The "Core" in Library and/or Information Science Education and Training  

Science.gov (United States)

The issue of what constitutes or should constitute the "core" in library and/or information science (LIS) education and training is one that is frequently debated. This article reviews literature related to this matter and cites findings from an empirical study conducted in South Africa on library and/or information science education and training.…

Raju, J.

2003-01-01

377

The Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE): Past, Present, Future  

Science.gov (United States)

The Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) is now over 90 years old. Recently recommitted to a focus on research in library and information science teaching and pedagogy, and support for educators in the field, ALISE serves its members with a range of publications, awards, and services. Membership is strong and…

Julien, Heidi

2007-01-01

378

‘In-formation’ of Better Learning Environments - the Educational Role of the University Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper gives an overview of the close connection between learning - which is seen as a constructivist, active, self-directed and social process - and the university library. It discusses the role of the university library in the electronic learning environment, and considers the physical library as a place of learning which is not out of date. It also considers information literacy as the key to the library's educational role regarding its contents. Organisational issues hold together the three points mentioned above, the learning library as the prerequisite of the learning-empowering and learning-facilitating library.

Thomas Hapke

2005-11-01

379

‘In-formation’ of Better Learning Environments - the Educational Role of the University Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper gives an overview of the close connection between learning - which is seen as a constructivist, active, self-directed and social process - and the university library. It discusses the role of the university library in the electronic learning environment, and considers the physical library as a place of learning which is not out of date. It also considers information literacy as the key to the library's educational role regarding its contents. Organisational issues hold together the...

2005-01-01

380

WEB-BASED LIBRARY CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES LEARNING ENVIRONMENT FOR LIS EDUCATION  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study highlights on Web-Based Library Classification Schemes in this paper. Web-basedmode of teaching is gradually evolving as an important component of LIS education in India. Library Classification Schemes are extremely helpful to classify books which are important portion for study in LIS education. They use as a tool to classify universe of knowledge. The study deals with Online Accessible Library Classification Schemes especially ‘WebDewey’ (Online product of DDC 22nd ed.) and ?...

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Digital Library for Access to Rare Materials. From pilot projects to national digitisation programmes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available More than ten years ago, a first image digitisation product was published by the National Library of the Czech Republic in co-operation with an almost unknown small software company. It was a CD-ROM requested by UNESCO for its Memory of the World programme. After that there were many tests concerning digitisation devices and another two CD-ROM projects were completed to present two interesting manuscripts with rich description metadata related to all the structural levels of the book, including full text. In 1995 - 1996, our first digitisation centre was built to process manuscripts and old printed books. Later, it was upgraded several times with additional devices such as scanners, book cradles for careful document fixation, sophisticated camera stands, microclimate control units, etc. Simultaneously, many software tools were developed to assist the digitisation production. The co-operation with the company became crucial for further development of this activity and both the library and the company grew thanks to each other. In 1999, another project started to output digital data: it was based on the idea of safeguarding acid-paper library materials through preservation microfilming combined with digitisation of microfilm for access purposes. In order to be able to store large amounts of image data produced by this second programme, a mass storage facility was plugged into the digitisation production line. It was based on robotic library using magnetic tapes as storage medium. Successively, the digitisation programmes began to be used also by other Czech institutions holding rare collections of documents: other libraries, museums, archives, and even castle libraries and church institutions. Today, from all the digitised documents almost half of them are from other institutions than the National Library. This is an important success that has taken place thanks to support of the Ministry of Culture through specific grant programmes. Interested institutions can ask the Ministry for up to 70% of the total digitisation cost for their projects with which they apply in calls for proposals.

Adolf Knoll

2003-09-01

382

gLibrary/DRI: A grid-based platform to host multiple repositories for digital content  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this work we present the gLibrary/DRI (Digital Repositories Infrastructure) platform. gLibrary/DRI extends gLibrary, a system with a easy-to-use web front-end designed to save and organize multimedia assets on Grid-based storage resources. The main goal of the extended platform is to reduce the cost in terms of time and effort that a repository provider spends to get its repository deployed. This is achieved by providing a common infrastructure and a set of mechanisms (APIs and specifications) that the repository providers use to define the data model, the access to the content (by navigation trees and filters) and the storage model. DRI offers a generic way to provide all this functionality; nevertheless the providers can add specific behaviours to the default functions for their repositories. The architecture is Grid based (VO system, data federation and distribution, computing power, etc). A working example based on a mammograms repository is also presented. (Author)

Calanducci, A.; Gonzalez Martin, J. M.; Ramos Pollan, R.; Rubio del Solar, M.; Tcaci, S.

2007-07-01

383

Democracy, open source and music education? : A Deweyan investigation of music education in digital domains.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Democracy, open source and music education? A Deweyan investigation of music education in digital domains.   Music has not been solely temporal for more than a century, and musical performance has not been created exclusively in real time by humans since the piano roll entered the stage in the late 19th century.  The mechanical, and later the digital, music industry has changed music as a social phenomena, increasing the availability of music to listen to, tools to create music with as well...

Thorgersen, Ketil

2010-01-01

384

Managing ocean information in the digital era - Events in Canada open questions about the role of marine science libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Information is the foundation of evidence-based policies for effective marine environmental protection and conservation. In Canada, the cutback of marine science libraries introduces key questions about the role of such institutions and the management of ocean information in the digital age. How vital are such libraries in the mission of studying and protecting the oceans? What is the fate and value of the massive grey literature holdings, including archival materials, much of which is not in digital form but which often contains vital data? How important is this literature generally in the marine environmental sciences? Are we likely to forget the history of the marine pollution field if our digital focus eclipses the need for and access to comprehensive collections and skilled information specialists? This paper explores these and other questions against the backdrop of unprecedented changes in the federal libraries, marine environmental science and legislation in Canada. PMID:24768172

Wells, Peter G

2014-06-15

385

Educación para los medios, alfabetización mediática y competencia digital Media Education, Media Literacy and Digital Competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda las posibles relaciones entre educación y medios en la sociedad actual, y el papel que le corresponde a la educación formal tanto en la integración curricular de los medios como en la alfabetización digital necesaria para el siglo XXI. Se parte de distintas concepciones y enfoques que en las últimas décadas han predominado en el estudio de los medios y en la educación y alfabetización mediáticas en el panorama internacional; se intentan subsanar algunos problemas terminológicos derivados de la riqueza idiomática del mundo global e intercultural en el que nos movemos; se buscan posturas integradoras y se propone una alfabetización para el siglo XXI que se caracteriza por ser mediática, digital, multimodal, crítica y funcional. Se analizan posibles interpretaciones de educación mediática y competencia digital prestando especial atención al actual marco normativo europeo y se advierte de dos posibles peligros: reducir la educación mediática al desarrollo de la competencia digital, y reducir la competencia digital a su dimensión más tecnológica e instrumental: centrarse en los conocimientos técnicos, en los procedimientos de uso y manejo de dispositivos y programas, olvidando las actitudes y los valores. Para evitar el reduccionismo y el sesgo tecnológico se recomienda recuperar para el desarrollo de la alfabetización mediática y de la competencia digital los enfoques más críticos e ideológicos de la educación para los medios.This article addresses some possible relationship between education and media in contemporary society and explores the role that formal education should play in both the integration of media in the curriculum and the digital literacy skills necessary for the 21st century. The authors discuss here different theories and approaches that have dominated international media studies, media education and media literacy in recent decades. Confusion and misunderstandings in terminology for contemporary literacy in a complex, global and intercultural environment are explored and the authors present some inclusive categories for 21st century literacy such as media literacy, digital, multimodal, critical and functional. Interpretations of media literacy and digital competencies are discussed with particular emphasis on the current European regulatory framework. The authors warn that reductionist interpretations that focus on applied technical competencies with devices, hardware and software have the potential to severely limit media literacy education. Instead, the authors stress critical approaches as central to media literacy. In addition to technical competency, the authors highlight the need to include a broader and deeper analysis of the social uses, attitudes, and values associated with new media tools, texts and practices.

Alfonso Gutiérrez Martín

2012-03-01

386

GREENSTONE OPEN SOURCE DIGITAL LIBRARY SOFTWARE IN THE CONTEXT OF ARABIC CONTENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore Greenstone open source digital library software which considered to be one of most essential open-source Content Management Systems (CMSs that are available for use in creating, organizing, and managing Arabic content on the Internet. It focuses on the appropriateness of the system for Arabic content from different perspectives, such as its ability to support the Arabic language and to sustain and maintain different file formats. It also aims to examine Greenstone software and discuss its weaknesses and strengths in terms of managing Arabic digital content. Greenstone search facilities were tested and evaluated in this study using a quasi-experimental approach. The National Oil Cooperation standalone CDS/ISIS database in Libya (NOC was converted into web interface using Greenstone software to explore the system’s functionality and to test its search and browse facilities. This database consists of 3400 Arabic bibliographic records. As previously stated, this paper aims to assess Greenstone retrieval facilities in the context of Arabic digital content to provide a full picture of the system’s suitability for the Arabic language and to highlight its limitations and strong points in the overall process of information retrieval.

Ramadan Elaiess

2012-01-01

387

Descripción de la Biblioteca Digital ComPADRE Destinada a la Enseñanza y el Aprendizaje de la Física / Description of the Digital Library ComPADRE Intended for the Teaching and Learning of Physics  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se analizan los proyectos digitales para la educación científica y se hace una presentación y descripción detallada de los servicios prestados por ComPADRE, una biblioteca digital para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la Física. ComPADRE (sigla de Communities of Physics and Astronomy Digital Resourc [...] es in Education) comenzó en 1997 cuando la Asociación Americana de Profesores de Física construyó el Centro de Recursos de Ciencias Físicas, estableciendo desde entonces activa colaboración con varias importantes sociedades científicas del mundo de la física. Del estudio y análisis se concluye que uno de los grandes atributos de ComPADRE es que los educadores pueden encontrar en un solo lugar una enorme cantidad de recursos educativos que han pasado por un cuidadoso proceso de selección. Abstract in english The use of digital resources in scientific education is discussed and a detailed description of the services of ComPADRE, a digital library created for the teaching and learning of physics is presented. ComPADRE (abbreviation of Communities of Physics and Astronomy Digital Resources in Education) st [...] arted in 1997 when the American Association of Physics Teachers founded the Physical Sciences Resource Center establishing since then active collaboration with several important scientific societies of the physics world. From the study and analysis it is concluded that one of the greatest attributes of ComPADRE is that educators can find in a single place a great amount of teaching resources that have been carefully selected.

Osorio, Nestor L.

388

Effectiveness of Course-Integrated and Repeated Library Instruction on Library Skills of Education Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Given the investment in librarian time and energy and faculty and student time constraints,it was deemed important to assess effectiveness of course-integrated library instruction, and more specifically, whether repeated library instruction has a cumulative effect on student learning. As such, students who began the study with no prior library instruction experience (n=45) were contrasted with students who had completed a library walking tour and worksheet (n=34) and with those who had attend...

Beile, Penny M.

2003-01-01

389

La cooperación tecnológica entre bibliotecas digitales académicas de México / Cooperation in the area of technology among Mexican digital academic libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se analiza si existe cooperación entre las bibliotecas digitales académicas mexicanas para desarrollar aplicaciones tecnológicas que ayuden en el mejoramiento de sus actividades. El estudio se basa en un modelo teórico de la biblioteca digital previamente armado, en donde la variable tecnológica sir [...] ve como punto de partida para conocer cómo se establece la cooperación entre las bibliotecas digitales académicas de México. Los resultados que se arrojan ayudan a conocer cómo se da la cooperación entre bibliotecas digitales académicas en el contexto mexicano. Abstract in english In this paper researchers examine the actuality of cooperation between Mexican digital academic libraries in the area of developing technological applications to improve operational performance. The study is based on a previously developed theoretical digital library model, in which the technologica [...] l variable serves as a starting point to learn how to enhance cooperation between academic digital libraries in Mexico. The results help shed light on the degree and nature of cooperation between academic digital libraries in Mexico.

Torres Vargas, Georgina Araceli.

390

Federal Agency and Federal Library Reports. Library of Congress; Center for the Book; Federal Library and Information Center Committee; National Commission on Libraries and Information Science; National Agricultural Library; National Library of Medicine;United States Government Printing Office; National Technical Information Service; National Archives and Records Administration; National Center for Education Statistics Library Statistics Program; National Library of Education; Educational Resources Information Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes reports from Library of Congress, Center for the Book, Federal Library and Information Center Committee, National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, National Agricultural Library, National Library of Medicine, Government Printing Office, National Technical Information Service, National Archives and Records Administration,…

Fischer, Audrey; Cole, John Y.; Tarr, Susan M.; Vlach, Rosalie B.; Carey, Len; Mehnert, Robert; Sherman, Andrew M.; Davis, Linda; Vecchiarelli, Marion H.; Chute, Adrienne; Dunn, Christina

2002-01-01

391

Access to digital collections of public domain works: Enclosure of the commons managed by libraries and museums  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital copies of physical books and art objects curated by libraries and museums are being made available to the public online. Their access and reuse conditions are submitted to terms of use and policies defined by the institutions in charge of the development of databases and the digitisation of works, of which many are in the public domain. As no copyright applies to these works, their digital instantiation should in principle be freely accessible and reusable. However, in practice, some ...

Dulong Rosnay, Melanie

2011-01-01

392

Digital Repositories and Possibilities of Their Integration into Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to abundance of information available on the Internet, society seeks new types of digital information resources which would facilitate better delivery of information for different purposes. One such information resource type is digital institutional repository. Successful use of digital institutional repositories depends mostly on quality of content they offer, and on unrestricted access to that content. On the other side of the information chain, users i.e. students should be taught how to critically approach and evaluate content they find in digital institutional repositories in order to enrich their learning experience and make it more successful. To find out more about similarities and differences between top 10 largest open access digital information repositories, a comparison of their most important functions was carried out. The results of the comparison give us valuable indicators about possibilities of their use in learning process based on their properties and presence of the most important functions modern information resources should have. Generally speaking, as digital repositories gain more public attention, it can be expected that they will be used even more in future for various purposes, including education.

Radovan Vrana

2010-03-01

393

Saline soils spectral library as a tool for digital soil mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

Soil information is needed at regional to global scales for proper land management. Soil scientist has been historically interested in mapping soil classes and properties to represent and explore the spatial distribution of soil characteristics. Fortunately, soil mapping came into the digital era decades ago, enabling the dissemination of computationally intensive techniques (e.g., geostatistics). Digital soil mapping is moving forward in recent decades. Digital soil mapping has evolved from "traditional" studies that employed a set of soils to build soil maps, to more recent approaches that exploit the increasing computing facilities to combine soil databases with ancillary data such as digital elevation models, remote sensing imagery and proximal sensing datasets. The inclusion of VNIR spectroscopy in digital soil mapping approaches is an outstanding research field. VNIR spectroscopy has largely been employed to quantify soil properties with proximal sensor and remote sensor (i.e., imaging spectroscopy). One of the traditional problems in soil mapping is the time needed to compile a soil database large enough to allow for mapping with robustness. Therefore there is a growing interest in using the less time consuming, immutability of the sample and increasing accuracy of soil spectroscopy to obtain accurate enough soil maps but with lower data requirements. This research trend is particularly interesting for the study of highly dynamic soil processes for which is necessary to know the spatial and temporal changes of certain properties for a correct soil assessment. The objective of this work was the study of soil salinity which is a dynamic property responding to seasonal (i.e., vertical upwelling) and inter-annual (i.e., salinization) changes. Soil salinity is a major constraint for agriculture by limiting or excluding certain crops. Thus, a continuous monitoring of soil salinity is needed to select the most suitable crops and to prevent future salinization. Large arid and semiarid Mediterranean areas are affected by severe salinization processes by converging salinity problems due to parent material salinity, water scarcity and poor quality of irrigation water. A soils database in the South-East of Spain (semiarid Mediterranean environments) is being developed, by sampling and analyzing soils properties but especially salinity, besides recording their VNIR spectral signatures in field conditions. Also a spectral library related to soil type and salinity in these environments was determined in laboratory and it is a promising tool to monitor soil spectral signature changes. Positive relations between salinity, spectral data and soil type have been found using this technique. Soil spectra could be employed for quantitative spectroscopic analyses of soil properties, as ancillary data for digital soil mapping and for spectral calibration of remotely sensed imagery.

Bas, María Victoria; Meléndez-Pastor, Ignacio; Navarro-Pedreño, José; Gómez, Ignacio; Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Hernández, Encarni

2013-04-01

394

8th International Bielefeld Conference 2006: Academic Library and Information Services: New Paradigms for the Digital Age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available From 7-9 February 2006, Bielefeld University Library in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, was host to the 8th International Bielefeld Conference. The subject this year was Academic Library and Information Services: New Paradigms for the Digital Age. The conference has been taking place every two years since 1992 and has proved to be one of the most popular forums for librarians and university managers from Europe and beyond to hear about and discuss new concepts, strategies, services, and technologies for academic and research libraries. This year’s conference attracted almost 500 participants from 35 countries.

Almuth Gastinger

2006-03-01

395

On identifying name equivalences in digital libraries. Name equivalence, Surname matching, Author identification, Databases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The services provided by digital libraries can be much improved by correctly identifying variants of the same name. For example, this will allow for better retrieval of all the works by a certain author. We focus on variants caused by abbreviations of first names, and show that significant achievements are possible by simple lexical analysis and comparison of names. This is done in two steps: first a pairwise matching of names is performed, and then these are used to find cliques of equivalent names. However, these steps can each be performed in a variety of ways. We therefore conduct an experimental analysis using two real datasets to find which approaches actually work well in practice. Interestingly, this depends on the size of the repository, as larger repositories may have many more similar names.

Dror G. Feitelson

2004-01-01

396

Taking control of your digital library: how modern citation managers do more than just referencing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physicians are constantly navigating the overwhelming body of medical literature available on the Internet. Although early citation managers were capable of limited searching of index databases and tedious bibliography production, modern versions of citation managers such as EndNote, Zotero, and Mendeley are powerful web-based tools for searching, organizing, and sharing medical literature. Effortless point-and-click functions provide physicians with the ability to develop robust digital libraries filled with literature relevant to their fields of interest. In addition to easily creating manuscript bibliographies, various citation managers allow physicians to readily access medical literature, share references for teaching purposes, collaborate with colleagues, and even participate in social networking. If physicians are willing to invest the time to familiarize themselves with modern citation managers, they will reap great benefits in the future. PMID:24297125

Mahajan, Amit K; Hogarth, D Kyle

2013-12-01

397

INSPIRE: Realizing the dream of a global digital library in High-Energy Physics  

CERN Document Server

High-Energy Physics (HEP) has a long tradition in pioneering infrastructures for scholarly communication, and four leading laboratories are now rolling-out the next-generation digital library for the field: INSPIRE. This is an evolution of the extraordinarily successful, 40-years old SPIRES database. Based on the Invenio software, INSPIRE already provides seamless access to almost 1 million records, which will be expanded to cover multimedia, data, software, wikis. Services offered include citation analysis, fulltext search, extraction of figures from fulltext and search in figure captions, automatic keyword assignment, metadata harvesting, retrodigitization, ingestion and automatic display of LaTeX, and storage of supplementary materials like Mathematica notebooks. New services are in different phases of design or implementation, in strategic partnerships with all other information providers in the field and neighbouring disciplines, including automatic author disambiguation, user tagging, crowdsourcing of m...

Holtkamp, Annette; Simko, Tibor; Smith, Tim

2010-01-01

398

The University of Vermont Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives: Fletcher Family  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Vermont Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives has continued to add to their online offerings in recent years. This latest collection is quite a pip, and it contains family correspondence from the Fletcher Family of Vermont. The family correspondence begins in 1826, and it is primarily focused around several family members who moved west to New York, Ohio, and other parts of the heartland. Throughout these letters, the various correspondents detail the process of creating and managing their new farms and the documents leave no fact (or price) unexplored as they discuss the land, grains, stock, and groceries. All told, there are 139 letters in the collection, and visitors can click on the "Browse the Collection" section to view the letters listed by author. Additionally, visitors can search the collection by keyword, title, or subject.

399

Representing Scholarly Claims in Internet Digital Libraries A Knowledge Modelling Approach  

CERN Document Server

This paper is concerned with tracking and interpreting scholarly documents in distributed research communities. We argue that current approaches to document description, and current technological infrastructures particularly over the World Wide Web, provide poor support for these tasks. We describe the design of a digital library server which will enable authors to submit a summary of the contributions they claim their documents makes, and its relations to the literature. We describe a knowledge-based Web environment to support the emergence of such a community-constructed semantic hypertext, and the services it could provide to assist the interpretation of an idea or document in the context of its literature. The discussion considers in detail how the approach addresses usability issues associated with knowledge structuring environments.

Shum, S B; Domingue, J; Shum, Simon Buckingham; Motta, Enrico; Domingue, John

1999-01-01

400

The library as strategic asset in the information chain : an evolving paradigm for library roles in a digital age  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Trends for distributed, open, and increasingly collaborative models of information delivery challenge the library's classic roles. In addition, trends within the research community for more interdisciplinary and collaborative scholarship create an opportunity for more enabling information infrastructure. In an age of Amazon, Google, and "social" tools, how should the library respond? My presentation will focus on strategies for bringing the library's "assets" into the flow of ...

Lougee, Wendy Pradt

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Cost Models in Digital Archiving: An overview of Life Cycle Management at the National Library of the Netherlands  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The number of institutions that are either considering the implementation of a digital archive or already started with an operational digital archive service is increasing. While technological and organisational challenges are well-studied and in few cases even well-defined, the subject of costs often remains untouched, which in many cases prevent organisations from new initiatives. In this paper two leading digital preservation techniques - migration and emulation - will be discussed in terms of life cycle management and associated cost models. Both techniques are studied and considered for implementation at the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, National Library of the Netherlands.

Erik Oltmans

2004-10-01

402

Is the reform of higher education area the reform of academic libraries, too?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with some key factors influencing academic libraries in Slovenia atpresent. On one hand they have to follow the trends in all academic libraries in theworld while on the other hand Slovenia is entering the European higher educationarena and a lot of significant changes are expected to occur. They will be introducedgradually by the year 2010 but it is hard to predict their influence on the higher educationsector and on academic libraries as well. However, little attention is paid to academic libraries in the relevant international and national documents concerninghigher education although they represent the base for university teaching, learning and research. Library services are determined by the Slovenian Library Act and other regulations in the field of librarianship. Academic libraries are also influenced by the recent changes in Slovenian tertiaty education field: the emergence of a new university and new faculties founded by the public sector, some of them have not established a library yet. Besides, the Slovenian academic library sector is decentralized, especially the system of the University of Ljubljana. Therefore it is very hard to prepare common principles, standards or guidelines for the entire Slovenian academic library sector. The question is what changes will be brought about by the European arena of higher education and of the newly introduced lump sum distribution rules of financial means given to the university.

Helena Pe?ko-Mlekuš

2004-01-01

403

Digital diploma mills: The automation of higher education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In recent years changes in universities, especially in North America, show that we have entered a new era in higher education, one which is rapidly drawing the halls of academe into the age of automation. Automation - the distribution of digitized course material online, without the participation of professors who develop such material - is often justified as an inevitable part of the new "knowledge-based" society. It is assumed to improve learning and increase wider access. In practice, howe...

Noble, David F.

1998-01-01

404

The digital native as a student : implications for teacher education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article points out some features of contemporary learning models, claiming that computers and the Internet have changed the conditions of learning and communicating for young citizens - the digital natives. Firstly, it draws attention to the fact that the Internet with its hypertext seems to promote natural learning. Secondly, it describes a tremendous amount of informal learning - learning that takes place outside the educational system - which computers and the Internet seem to encoura...

2006-01-01

405

Book Review: The human side of reference and information services in academic libraries: Adding value in the digital world  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The application of digital technologies in libraries has mainly led to disintermediation which means, no mediation, serve yourself to information. To use most of library and information services today, users do not need to go to library or see a librarian. They can use digital resources and services at home. In some cases they may not even realise that librarians are behind the scene of the service they are getting benefit from. For example they might search for an article in Google Scholar and click and get the PDF without knowing that librarians are working to make this service, which entails serials management, IP authentication and so on, run smoothly. In this disintermediated environment, reference services are striving. They are still part of library services where there is real interaction between users and librarians. The focus of reference work have shifted from resources to users, and from finding information for users to enabling them to find the required information themselves. Having this in mind, technology can be a source of opportunity for reference librarians and not a source of challenge. The book The Human Side of Reference and Information Services in Academic Libraries: Adding value in the digital world discusses the impact of technology on different aspects of reference services.

Hamid R. Jamali

2008-06-01

406

Library and Information Science Education in Greece: Institutional Changes and Current Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper considers the historical development of Library and Information Science (LIS) Education in Greece, in order to understand its current position within the field of higher education, and to assess its future prospects. In particular, in tracing changes that LIS Education as an institution has undergone, it argues that institutional…

Moniarou-Papaconstantinou, Valentini; Tsatsaroni, Anna

2008-01-01

407

Using digital media to promote kidney disease education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health-care providers and patients increasingly turn to the Internet-websites as well as social media platforms-for health-related information and support. Informed by research on audience behaviors and preferences related to digital health information, the National Kidney Disease Education Program (NKDEP) developed a comprehensive and user-friendly digital ecosystem featuring content and platforms relevant for each audience. NKDEP's analysis of website metrics and social media conversation mapping related to CKD revealed gaps and opportunities, informing the development of a digital strategy to position NKDEP as a trustworthy digital source for evidence-based kidney disease information. NKDEP launched a redesigned website (www.nkdep.nih.gov) with enhanced content for multiple audiences as well as a complementary social media presence on Twitter and Facebook serving to drive traffic to the website as well as actively engage target audiences in conversations about kidney disease. The results included improved website metrics and increasing social media engagement among consumers and health-care providers. NKDEP will continue to monitor trends, explore new directions, and work to improve communication across digital platforms. PMID:23809289

Goldstein, Karen; Briggs, Michael; Oleynik, Veronica; Cullen, Mac; Jones, Jewel; Newman, Eileen; Narva, Andrew

2013-07-01

408

Comparing Academic Library Spending with Public Libraries, Public K-12 Schools, Higher Education Public Institutions, and Public Hospitals between 1998-2008  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compares the overall spending trends and patterns of growth of Academic Libraries with Public Libraries, K-12 schools, higher education institutions, and hospitals in the period of 1998 to 2008. Academic Libraries, while showing a growth of 13% over inflation for the period, far underperformed the growth of the other public institutions…

Regazzi, John J.

2012-01-01

409

A Library approach to establish an Educational Data Curation Framework (EDCF) that supports K-12 data science sustainability  

Science.gov (United States)

It has been the tradition of the libraries to support literacy. Now in the realm of Executive Order, Making Open and Machine Readable the New Default for Government Information, May 9, 2013, the library has the responsibility to support geospatial data, big data, earth science data or cyber infrastructure data that may support STEM for educational pipeline stimulation. (Such information can be found at http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/05/09/executive-order-making-open-and-machine-readable-new-default-government-.) Provided is an Educational Data Curation Framework (EDCF) that has been initiated in Purdue research, geospatial data service engagement and outreach endeavors for future consideration and application to augment such data science and climate literacy needs of future global citizens. In addition, this endorsement of this framework by the GLOBE program may facilitate further EDCF implementations, discussion points and prototypes for libraries. In addition, the ECDF will support teacher-led, placed-based and large scale climate or earth science learning systems where such knowledge transfer of climate or earth science data is effectively transferred from higher education research of cyberinfrastructure use such as, NOAA or NASA, to K-12 teachers and school systems. The purpose of this effort is to establish best practices for sustainable K-12 data science delivery system or GLOBE-provided system (http://vis.globe.gov/GLOBE/) where libraries manage the data curation and data appropriateness as data reference experts for such digital data. Here, the Purdue University Libraries' GIS department works to support soils, LIDAR and water science data experiences to support teacher training for an EDCF development effort. Lastly, it should be noted that the interdisciplinary collaboration and demonstration of library supported outreach partners and national organizations such the GLOBE program may best foster EDCF development. This trend in data science where library roles may emerge is consistent with NASA's wavelength program at http://nasawavelength.org. Mr. Steven Smith, an outreach coordinator, led this Purdue University outreach activity involving the GLOBE program with support by the Purdue University Libraries GIS department.

Branch, B. D.; Wegner, K.; Smith, S.; Schulze, D. G.; Merwade, V.; Jung, J.; Bessenbacher, A.

2013-12-01

410

The use of ISO 9001 quality standard in higher education institution libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

[eng] ISO standard 9001 is one of a set of management tools that libraries have adopted in recent years. This article focuses on libraries in higher education institutions that have received ISO certification of their quality management systems (ISO standard 9001:2000). We examine their reasons for seeking certification and the advantages and difficulties they have encountered in applying this ISO standard. Finally, we consider the future prospects of ISO standard 9001 in university libraries.

Balague?, Nu?ria

2007-01-01

411

Effectiveness of Course-Integrated and Repeated Library Instruction on Library Skills of Education Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given the investment in librarian time and energy and faculty and student time constraints,it was deemed important to assess effectiveness of course-integrated library instruction, and more specifically, whether repeated library instruction has a cumulative effect on student learning. As such, students who began the study with no prior library instruction experience (n=45 were contrasted with students who had completed a library walking tour and worksheet (n=34 and with those who had attended previous course-integrated library instruction (n=27. A pre-test/post-test research design was utilized, with course-integrated library instruction as treatment. Analysis indicated a statistically significant difference (dependent t(105=2.18, p<.05 between pre-test (M=49.43, SD=19.24 and post-test (M=77.69, SD=14.64 scores. However, an analysis of variance (ANOVA revealed students with no prior library instruction experience did not significantly differ from those who completed a walking tour and worksheet or those who attended a prior course-integrated library instruction session (F(2,103=1.63, p=.20.

Penny M. Beile

2003-03-01

412

Start-Up of a Mandatory Library Orientation Program in Developmental Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes die development of a mandatory library instruction program for developmental education students in the community and technical college setting. Some considerations for orientation development and helpful hints for success are discussed.

Farrell, Sandy L.

2004-01-01

413

The Brazilian electronic theses and dissertations digital library: providing open access for scholarly information / Biblioteca digital brasileira de teses e dissertações eletrônicas: provendo acesso livre à informação acadêmica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este artigo descreve o projeto liderado pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia (Ibict), instituição governamental, para construção de uma biblioteca digital nacional de teses e dissertações eletrônicas Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações (BDTD). O projeto é um esforço [...] colaborativo entre o Ibict, universidades e outros centros de pesquisa no Brasil. No planejamento do sistema foi adotada arquitetura de sistema baseada na Open Archives Iniciative (OAI), na qual universidades e centros de pesquisas atuam como provedores de dados e, o Ibict, como provedor de serviço. O Ibict desenvolveu para a biblioteca digital um padrão brasileiro de metadados para teses e dissertações eletrônicas e um conjunto de ferramentas, incluindo pacote de arquivos abertos, a ser distribuído entre potenciais provedores de dados. A BDTD está integrada à iniciativa internacional Networked Digital Library of Thesis and Dissertation (NDLTD). As discussões deste artigo estão direcionadas à concepção do projeto, ao seu desenvolvimento e gestão, bem como ao papel desempenhado pelo Ibict. As conclusões destacam algumas importantes lições atuais e mudanças futuras, visando a expansão do projeto da BDTD. Abstract in english This paper describes a project led by the Instituto Brasileiro de Informações em Ciência e Tecnologia (Ibict), a government institution, to build a national digital library for electronic theses and dissertations - Bibliteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações (BDTD). The project has been a collaborativ [...] e effort among Ibict, universities and other research centers in Brazil. The developers adopted a system architecture based on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) in which universities and research centers act as data providers and Ibict as a service provider. A Brazilian metadata standard for electronic theses and dissertations was developed for the digital library. A toolkit including open source package was also developed by Ibict to be distributed to potential data providers. BDTD has been integrated with the international initiative: the Networked Digital Library of Thesis and Dissertation (NDLTD). Discussions in the paper address various issues related to project design, development and management as well as the role played by Ibict. Conclusions highlight some important lessons learned to date and challenges for the future in expanding the BDTD project.

Sílvia Barcellos, Southwick.

414

Library User Education for the International Student: A Feasibility Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recommendations and special concerns related to the development of a library skills program for international students at the University of Toledo Libraries are discussed in this feasibility study. The paper is organized into four main parts: (1) a description of the study framework (methodology, assumptions, purpose of study, and definition of a…

McLean, Dulce DiDio

415

Access Services Education in Library and Information Science Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

This article defines the elements of Access Services, explains the importance of those aspects in the library, and proposes a course centered on Access Services for library schools. The areas of circulation, interlibrary loan, course reserves, collection maintenance, and public relations are core components of Access Services. Each of those…

McCaslin, David

2009-01-01

416

The Use of Personal Value Estimations to Select Images for Preservation in Public Library Digital Community Collections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A considerable amount of information, particularly in image form, is shared on the web through social networking sites. If any of this content is worthy of preservation, who decides what is to be preserved and based on what criteria. This paper explores the potential for public libraries to assume this role of community digital repositories through the creation of digital collections. Thirty public library users and thirty librarians were solicited from the Indianapolis metropolitan area to evaluate five images selected from Flickr in terms of their value to public library digital collections and their worthiness of long-term preservation. Using a seven-point Likert scale, participants assigned a value to each image in terms of its importance to self, family and society. Participants were then asked to explain the reasoning behind their valuations. Public library users and librarians had similar value estimations of the images in the study. This is perhaps the most significant finding of the study, given the importance of collaboration and forming partnerships for building and sustaining community collections and archives.

Andrea Copeland

2014-05-01

417

The library’s role in the quality and excellence in higher education: a Portuguese case study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper aims to present the work done by a library of higher education in the promotion of research and knowledge. They are the identified projects, initiatives, strategies and methodologies adopted in the creation of value added services provided, particularly with regard to teaching and research community. The major objective relates to the specific demonstration of how the skills of information can be exploited and profited for collaboration in the organization's missi...

Pinto, Maria Joa?o; Fernandes, Sofia

2011-01-01

418

Education and training of pre-school children in a public library  

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Full Text Available Librarians for young people are well aware of importance of education and training of library users in their prime years. We are referring particulary to book and library education. Based on educational endeavours of librarians for young people, several models of education and training programs for children of ali age groups are carried out on youth departments. The article presents an activity called "visiting kindergarten" which takes pla?e on the youth department of the Grosuplje Library. The author describes the desired course of communication process between the librarian and children, global and concrete goals, as well as methods and forms of this educational and training activity. In conclusion, the evaluation of the activity "visiting kindergarten" is presented.

Ksenija Medved

1998-01-01

419

The Development and Current Status of Library and Information Science Education in Japan  

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Full Text Available Library and information science (LIS education of Japan has been established in the early 20th century, but destroyed during the World War II. Thanks to the help provided by the United States, the LIS education revived. However, it influenced a lot, especially the thoughts of public librarianship in the Library Law of Japan. At present, 8 universities offer formal LIS degree program and over 200 universities or colleges offer LIS courses as qualifications for public librarians. This article will introduce the curriculum designs, full-time faculty, and program characteristics of Library and Information Science in Japan. [Article content in Chinese

Kuang-hua Chen

2001-12-01

420

Development and use of digital educative objects in nursing teaching.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a development project of digital learning objects in nursing, and the evaluation of their use by teachers and undergraduate nursing students. The strategies for their development were composed of the following stages: conceptual modeling, development of instructional materials, implementation in a virtual learning environment, and evaluation. This is an ongoing study and preliminary results demonstrate that teachers and students evaluated the design and the content of the nursing digital learning objects satisfactorily, but demonstrate difficulties in using them. The results point to the impact of innovation through the consolidation of the use of educational technologies integrated to the teaching of nursing, as well as a support program for teachers. PMID:17923991

Cogo, Ana Luísa Petersen; Pedro, Eva Néri Rubim; Silveira, Denise Tolfo; da Silva, Ana Paula Scheffer Schell; Alves, Rosa Helena Kreutz; Catalan, Vanessa Menezes

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

The library's role in the continuing education of health professionals.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Health sciences librarians have historically viewed disseminating information to health professionals as a major role. Typically, they have provided individualized services and are among the professions that help health professionals further their education after finishing formal education. Another group directly involved in health professional continuing education is continuing education (CE) providers who offer ongoing learning through group activities. These two professions often reached t...

Vuren, D. D.; Adelson, R.; Caplan, R.

1987-01-01

422

DEVELOPING DIGITAL COMPETENCES USING AN EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE. A PEDAGOGICAL RESEARCH  

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Full Text Available Many teachers and people in educational institutions consider it necessary prepare children for living in a computerized society. The Internet offers an incredible number of opportunities for teachers. The Web offer of e-learning open source platforms reached an impressive configuration. In this article, we present an educational software for developing digital skills conducted on the open source platform Moodle. The educational software has been developed for the grade’s XII students of a technical profile. It covers the unit Databases, namely, the Access application. The contents are particularly adapted for the students of Technical Colleges. We will also present a pedagogical research that demonstrates effectiveness of such an approach. We conducted the research at Technical College "Iuliu Maniu", Carei, Satu-Mare County. The research hypothesis was: Using a software to develop skills of using Microsoft Access application leads to much better results among students from technological high-schools. Our research proves that the use of an educational software and computer assisted instruction in teaching and learning contributes to a significant increase of efficiency of education.

Magda? Ioana

2011-12-01

423

UTILIZATION OF DIGITAL LIBRARY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO E-JOURNALS BY STUDENTS OF PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTES IN SATARA DISTRICT: A CASE STUDY  

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Full Text Available This paper aims at estimating awareness of digital library by students of professional institutes residing at Satara district. The focus of the study is towards use of e-journals, percentage effective utilization of e-journals in digital library. A study in this regard was carried out; the survey reveals the fact that more than 60% of postgraduate students utilize the e-journals in digital library to upgrade subject knowledge, preparation of seminar, project, and writing review / research articles.

Smita Pradip Patil

2014-05-01

424

Cognitive Style in Library/Information Science Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to identify the cognitive style of students enrolled in a graduate program in library and information science and to examine the relationship between the identified style and other personal variables, such as age, undergraduate ma...

K. A. Johnson . D. White

1981-01-01

425

The Role of the Public Library in Non-Traditional Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The historical and contemporary involvement of the public library in non-traditional education is presented with the focus on adult basic education. Although most of the programs cited are in the United States, frequent references are made to international applications as described in United Nations reports and foreign case studies. Information…

Klingberg, Susan

426

Library legislation and free access to information as new topics in library and information science education.  

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Full Text Available An outline of LIS programs offered by the Department of Information Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Zagreb is given. Factors affecting the recent curriculum revision are described and the reasons for the introduction of a new course in library legislation and standards have been pointed out. The intention of the course has been to make students aware of the existence of international documents relevant to libraries and librarians and to show how the current trends are reflected in national legislation. It is hoped that the course might help students improve their understanding of the legal context surrounding libraries and other information institutions and teach them to appreciate the importance of good legislation.

2000-01-01

427

???????????????????????? The influence of Journal of Educational Media & Library Science on theses in Taiwan  

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Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????;????????????????????????????,????????,??????,???42%??????????????????????????????????????????????????????24%????,??????????????,?????????????????????????????This paper used bibliometrics to analyze the characteristics of theses that have cited articles in Journal of Educational Media & Library Science (JoEMLS and the cited articles. The results confirmed that the influence of JEMLS has been rising over years. The theses that cited articles in JoEMLS distributed across disciplines. Most theses were in the discipline of library and information science, followed by education. About 42% of theses were outside the fields of library and information science and education. A total of 24% of articles in JoEMLS have been cited by theses. Although more LIS-related articles were cited by theses, education-related articles have higher mean cited times than LIS-related ones.

Yu-Wei Chang

2011-11-01

428

Ressourcen für den Personal Digital Assistant (PDA an Bibliotheken / Resources for the Personal Digital Assistant (PDA at libraries  

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Full Text Available Support of PDAs is a matter of course for medical libraries in USA. European medical libraries show interest in this mobile technology but lack knowledge about ways and means to advocate PDA usage. This paper wants to reveal options for offering PDA resources to patrons. Possible ways to foster PDA usage are subsumed in 12 groups along with examples from libraries which published papers about their operating experience with these new technologies. Finally good reasons to start a PDA project and the most appropriate PDA resources and some concerns about PDA usage are listet.

Dollfuß, Helmut

2008-09-01

429

A framework for Internet archeology: Discovering use patterns in digital library and Web–based information resources  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Archeologists use artifacts to make statements about occupants of a physical space. Users of information resources leave behind data–based artifacts when they interact with a digital library or other Web–based information space. One process for examining these patterns is bibliomining, or the combination of data warehousing, data mining and bibliometrics to understand connections and patterns between works. The purpose of this paper is to use a research framework from archeology to struct...

Nicholson, Scott

2005-01-01

430

Rethinking Education in the Age of Technology: The Digital Revolution and Schooling in America. Technology, Education--Connections (TEC) Series  

Science.gov (United States)

The digital revolution has hit education, with more and more classrooms plugged into the whole wired world. But are schools making the most of new technologies? Are they tapping into the learning potential of today's Firefox/Facebook/cell phone generation? Have schools fallen through the crack of the digital divide? In "Rethinking Education in the…

Collins, Allan; Halverson, Richard

2009-01-01

431

Promoting Educational Equity through School Libraries: Equity Activity Book.  

Science.gov (United States)

The activities suggested in this workbook for participants in a continuing education program for inservice school media specialists are designed to develop the trainee's skills in identifying instances of sexism and sex stereotyping in education, and in p...

1978-01-01

432

Why go via expensive solutions, when you can GoDirect? a description of how CERN Library integrates digital content  

CERN Multimedia

In the digital world the creative solutions have to be implemented far quicker than what was required in the era of printed publications. In such a context many vendors take advantage and offer the library community simple computer applications to outrageous prices as if the products were highly sophisticated information systems that would be impossible to develop and maintain in-house. The CERN Scientific information Service has chosen not to join this game, partly due to that commercial solutions were not available at the time when first needed, partly due to that lots of the solutions actually can be implemented and run with already available resources within the library and the informatics support. Using only inhouse developed solutions, digital content at CERN is today being integrated to the highest possible level in order to meet the high requirements of the particle physics community. The paper gives an overview of the steps CERN has made towards the digital library from the day the laboratory conceiv...

Vigen, Jens

2004-01-01

433

Just Curious: Children's Use of Digital Reference Services and Implications for School Library Media Specialists. Guest Writer  

Science.gov (United States)

Kids ask the darndest questions. And sometimes they ask them in the darndest places, including online information systems that were not designed to answer them. There is a reason for this continuing phenomenon, and an important lesson in it for school library media specialists and other educators. To understand the phenomenon at hand, imagine an…

Silverstein, Joanne

2007-01-01

434

Using a Google Search Appliance (GSA to search digital library collections: a case study of the INIS Collection Search  

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Full Text Available Libraries are facing many challenges today. In addition to diminishing funding and increased user expectations, the use of classic library catalogues is becoming an additional challenge. Library users require fast and easy access to information resources regardless whether the format used is paper or electronic. Google search, with its speed and simplicity, set up a new standard for information retrieval which is hard to achieve with the previous generation of library search facilities. Put in a position of David versus Goliath, many small, and even larger libraries, are losing the battle with Google and letting many of its users use Google rather than library catalogues.The International Nuclear Information System (INIS hosts one of the world’s largest collections of published information on the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. It offers online access to a unique collection of 3.6 million bibliographic records and 320,000 full-texts of non-conventional (grey literature. This large digital library collection suffered from most of the well-known shortcomings of the classic library catalogue. Searching was complex and complicated, required some training in using Boolean logic, full-text searching was not an option, and the response time was slow. An opportune moment came with the retirement of the previous catalogue software and with the adoption of Google Search Appliance (GSA as an organization-wide search engine standard. INIS was quick to realize a great potential in using such a well-known application as a replacement for its online catalogue and this paper presents the advantages and disadvantages encountered during three years of GSA use. Based on specific INIS-based practice and experience, this paper also offers some guidelines on ways to improve classic collections of millions of bibliographic and full-text documents, while achieving multiple benefits such as increased use, accessibility, usability, expandability and improving the user search and retrieval experience.

Dobrica Savic

2014-07-01

435

?????Historical Development and Future Trends of Library and Information Science Master’s Education in Taiwan????  

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Full Text Available ???????????????69??????????????????81???????????????????????7???????????????????????????????????69??80??????????81??90??????????91???????????????????????????????7??????????????????????????????69???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Master’s education in library science began in Taiwan in 1980 with the establishment of the Graduate Institute of Library Science at National Taiwan University. In 1992, the school changed its name to the Department of Library and Information Science. At present, the library and information science master’s educational system in Taiwan is composed of seven master’s programs. The development of Taiwan’s library and information science (LIS master’s education occurred in three stages: the early stage from 1980-1991, the developmental stage from 1992-2001, and the transformational stage beginning in 2002 and continuing through the present. This study investigates the historical development of LIS master’s programs in Taiwan, aggregates information on the development of the seven master’s programs, and describes the state and development of LIS master’s education from 1980 until now, finally discussing current issues facing LIS master’s education and its future outlook. ???20-40

??? Mei-Ling Wang

2011-10-01

436

Fifty years of library and information science education in Iceland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Instruction in library and information science (LIS) at the University of Iceland began in 1956 making the year 2006 the 50th anniversary. A new chapter in the history of the LIS Department began when a formal Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) program was launched in 2004 under the leadership of Prof. Anne Clyde. Dr Clyde came to the department 15 years ago. She brought with her from Australia new disciplines and a new outlook regarding the utility of the Internet as ‘a li...

Jóhanna Gunnlaugsdóttir 1949

2006-01-01

437

Investigating Digital Video Applications in Distance Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper gives a brief overview of the use of digital video in distance education, the background to The Open University's Digital Video Applications (DiVA) Project, the contexts in which the Digital Video Library system is being used and some evaluation findings. Through DiVA, the university is investigating how it can use its video assets…

Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes; Foster-Jones, Juanita; Jelfs, Anne; Mallett, Elizabeth; Holland, Dawn

2004-01-01

438

Creating a Pediatric Digital Library for Pediatric Health Care Providers and Families: Using Literature and Data to Define Common Pediatric Problems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The goal of this study was to complete a literature-based needs assessment with regard to common pediatric problems encountered by pediatric health care providers (PHCPs) and families, and to develop a problem-based pediatric digital library to meet those needs. The needs assessment yielded 65 information sources. Common problems were identified and categorized, and the Internet was manually searched for authoritative Web sites. The created pediatric digital library (www.generalpediatrics.com...

2002-01-01

439

Cost analysis and student survey results of library support for distance education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes the costs associated with providing library support for a series of distance-education courses at The Ohio State University (OSU). These courses are designed as a pilot program offered by the OSU Office of Geriatrics and Gerontology. Costs to the library are analyzed for document delivery, electronic reserves, reference services, and librarian activities. Also included are the results of a student evaluation survey. The students are full-time working professionals who can...

Rodman, Ruey L.

2003-01-01

440

Organizational change in the Medical Library Association: evolution of the continuing education program.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"Change" is a critical dimension of contemporary experience. Library associations are not exempt, and they change in ways similar to other organizations. According to some authorities, four phases typify the process: diagnosis, design, implementation, and incorporation. Focusing on changes in the Medical Library Association's longstanding program of continuing education, the authors utilize the "phase framework" to chart that association's movement from a management system depending primarily...

Mayfield, M. K.; Palmer, R. A.

1987-01-01