WorldWideScience
1

Chemical Education Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Kako bi se poboljšali pojedini aspekti obrazovanja, uvode se inovacije u obliku e-obrazovanja. Nastavni materijali dostupni su na internetu, a javljaju se i brojni programi obrazovanja na daljinu. Chemical Education Digital Library – ChemEd DL je poslužitelj koji okuplja materijale namijenjene obrazovanju u podru?ju kemije.

Konjevic, S.

2008-01-01

2

Digital Libraries in Teacher Education  

OpenAIRE

Krassen Stefanov, Pavel Boytchev, Eliza Stefanova, Atanas Georgiev, Nikolina Nikolova, Alexander Grigorov - This paper discusses the role of the contemporary European digital libraries in teachers education. It presents a digital repository of metadata resources for teachers education, as well as a portal for the community of practices, build around the repository. Both the repository and the community are developed in the frame of the European project Share.TEC. The paper describes...

????????, ??????; ???????, ?????; ?????????, ?????; ????????, ??????; ????????, ????????; ????????, ??????????

2011-01-01

3

A Survey of Digital Library Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents results from a survey on the current state of digital library education in academic institutions. Examines the rationale and orientation for digital library education. Suggests several models that have emerged in the teaching of digital libraries and in incorporation of relevant topics into various curricula. (AEF)

Saracevic, Tefko; Dalbello, Marija

2001-01-01

4

Digital Libraries and Technical Distance Education  

OpenAIRE

In this paper the author summarizes main aspects of distance education in engineering, its availability, and teaching and learning issues as well as its benefits and limitations. Next, the concept of Digital Libraries as a support element for distance education is introduced. Gateways to technical information are described, and a list of E&T electronic resources are presented. The development of digital collections as an integral part of the teaching-learning process is discussed, and some...

Osorio, Nestor L.

2002-01-01

5

Digital Water Education Library (DWEL)  

Science.gov (United States)

The DWEL collection offers K-12 and informal-education digital resources of high quality that are related to the science, policy, and economics of water. The collection is designed to facilitate learning about all aspects of water in the Earth system. The DWEL collection supports science-education standards and inquiry-based learning and has been created by a select and diverse group of practicing educators to ensure excellence and relevance to a wide range of learning environments. The collection favors resources that are well documented, easy to use, bug-free, motivational for learners, pedagogically effective, scientifically accurate, and that foster mastery of important scientific and mathematical understandings and technology skills.

2003-09-02

6

Educational Data Mining Approaches for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

This collaborative research project between the Exploratorium and Utah State's Department of Instructional Technology and Learning Sciences investigates online evaluation approaches and the application of educational data mining to educational digital libraries and services. Much work over the past decades has focused on developing algorithms and methods for discovering patterns in large datasets, known as Knowledge Discovery from Data (KDD). Webmetrics, the application of KDD to web usage mi...

Recker, Mimi; Hsi, Sherry; Xu, Beijie; Rothfarb, Rob

2009-01-01

7

Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) is a distributed, community-based electronic library ... contributions to the library, to enable community interaction via the library, and to nurture the ...

8

National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Digital Libraries Initiative, this program aims to establish a national digital library that will ... Digital Library (NSDL) program is to create, develop, and sustain a national digital library ...

9

A Sharable Digital Library for Educators  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation provides a general overview presentation on the project and the iLumina digital library. It begins with the overall rationale and vision for the digital library, then discusses how the current design and implementation of iLumina attempts to realize the vision. After that are listed some challenges to scaling up the library are discussed, along with some approaches for dealing with these problems. Includes references. Initial presentation created for internal and external marketing.

Dave McArthur

10

Linked Active Content: A Service for Digital Libraries for Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

A service is described to help enable digital libraries for education, such as the NSDL (National Science Mathematics Engineering and Technology Education Digital Library), to serve as collaboration spaces for the creation, modification and use of active learning experiences. The goal is to redefine the line between those activities that fall…

Yaron, David; Milton, D. Jeff; Freeland, Rebecca

11

A Framework for Evaluating Digital Library Services; Interdisciplinarity: The Road Ahead for Education in Digital Libraries; Federated Digital Rights Management: A Proposed DRM Solution for Research and Education; Learning Lessons Holistically in the Glasgow Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes four articles that address issues related to digital libraries. Highlights include a framework for evaluating digital library services, particularly academic research libraries; interdisciplinary approaches to education about digital libraries that includes library and information science and computing; digital rights management; and the…

Choudhury, Sayeed; Hobbs, Benjamin; Lorie, Mark; Flores, Nicholas; Coleman, Anita; Martin, Mairead; Kuhlman, David L.; McNair, John H.; Rhodes, William A.; Tipton, Ron; Agnew, Grace; Nicholson, Dennis; Macgregor, George

2002-01-01

12

A Digital Library for Education: The PEN-DOR Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes Pen-DOR (Pennsylvania Education Network Digital Object Repository), a digital library designed to provide K-12 educators with access to multimedia resources and tools to create new lesson plans and modify existing ones via the World Wide Web. Discusses design problems of a distributed, object-oriented database architecture and describes…

Fullerton, Karen; Greenberg, Jane; McClure, Maureen; Rasmussen, Edie; Stewart, Darin

1999-01-01

13

Digital Water Education Library (DWEL) Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

DWEL is a thematic collection focusing on the science, economics and policy issues of water. Resources in the collection are selected and rigorously reviewed by a diverse group of K-12 and informal science educators with an emphasis on high quality, exemplary digital resources that facilitate learning about all aspects of water in the Earth system in a wide range of learning environments. Many resources in the collection are in alignment with identified core water concepts in national and state science and geography education standards. The collection favors resources that are well-documented, easy to use, bug-free, motivational for learners, pedagogically effective, scientifically accurate, and which foster mastery of important scientific and mathematical understandings and technology skills.

14

Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Project Office  

Science.gov (United States)

... Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) is a distributed, community-based electronic library ... suitable for accession into the library, to use the library?s resources to deliver high-quality ...

15

Strategic Change in Higher Education Libraries with the Advent of the Digital Library during the Fourth Decade of Program  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This paper sets out to review how the business of libraries in higher education has changed with the impact of the digital library during the latest decade of Program, in which the content of the journal swung decisively from being primarily about library management systems to primarily being about digital library issues.…

Collier, Mel

2006-01-01

16

Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, Digital Libraries includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.

Papy, Fabrice

2008-01-01

17

Digital Library Curriculum collection  

Science.gov (United States)

The Digital Library Curriculum collection contains modules that form the basis for one or a several courses on digital libraries - thus constituting a unified curriculum for the field. They also can be used in computer science, library science, information science, and other programs for other types of courses or as supplements to an existing course. Core topics include digital objects, collection development, knowledge organization, architecture, user behavior and interactions, servics, preservation, management and evaluation and digital library education and research.

2011-01-04

18

Digital teaching library (DTL) development for radiography education  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Having access to a library of radiological images in the university setting is important for teaching and learning in diagnostic radiography. Modern modalities such as PETCT create data volumes rather than single static 2D images. A PACS repository of images alone does not constitute a teaching library without some text based searchable index. A review of several options for acquiring a digital teaching library (DTL) of such indexed DICOM data is presented. Discussion: The data protection principles, current guidance and potential methods for migrating and cleansing large quantities of DICOM data from a clinical PACS prior to transfer to a university setting is discussed. The chosen method is described and the important enabling technology identified. Various methods of index construction are outlined and a method of migrating and cleansing HL7 data from a clinical RIS described. Results: Three terabytes of de-normalised DICOM image files were cleansed of patient, staff and geographic identifiers, within the header tags and pixel data. These files were then migrated to an educational PACS hosted at a university. A searchable index database was created based on 90,200 reports and associated data, and 886,263 DICOM headers to enable meaningful results to be found from the 51,304 unique patient specific cases. Conclusion: A large DTL in the university setting using PACS technology is becoming a valuable resource for teaching, learning and assessment.hing, learning and assessment.

19

Analytical Sciences Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Analytical Sciences Digital Library (ASDL) provides a collection of peer-reviewed web-based educational resources related to technical resources in the analytical sciences. Materials include articles, labware, educational practices, and more.

2012-09-18

20

Digital Libraries: The Catalyst to Transform Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries are changing the way academic disciplines within universities are conceptualized. The nation's scholars are investing their careers and millions of dollars to use technology to rethink the nature of their disciplines. These advances are affecting academic research and instruction as academic disciplines restructure in response to…

Bolick, Cheryl Mason; Hicks, David; Lee, John; Molebash, Philip; Doolittle, Peter

2004-01-01

21

JCE Digital Library Grand Opening  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematical Education Digital Library (NSDL), inaugurated in December 2002, is developed to promote science education on a comprehensive scale. The Journal of Chemical, Education (JCE) Digital Library, incorporated into NSDL, contains its own collections of digital resources for chemistry…

Journal of Chemical Education, 2004

2004-01-01

22

Evaluating Digital Libraries for Teaching and Learning in Undergraduate Education: A Case Study of the Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType (ADEPT).  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the research design for an educational evaluation of the Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType (ADEPT), a digital library of geo-referenced information resources. Reviews the deployment of digital libraries in educational settings, the role of information technology in developing students' scientific thinking, and evaluation of digital

Borgman, Christine L.; Gilliland-Swetland, Anne J.; Leazer, Gregory H.; Mayer, Richard; Gwynn, David; Gazan, Rich; Mautone, Patricia

2000-01-01

23

Internship organisation in Digital Library post-graduate educational programs: students’ perceptions  

OpenAIRE

The importance of internships in information studies related educational programmes is confirmed by the literature, practice, and investigations of the labour market (Van Der Molen, 2007) (Lorring & Kajberg, 2005) (Tammaro, 2007). The curriculum of the Master???s programme DILL (Digital Library Learning) includes an internship which aims at giving students the opportunity to carry out a program of job training and digital library work experience, that can assist them in career explorati...

Valla, Sara

2014-01-01

24

? ICT ????????????????????? A reflection on digital library education from ICT extended information services perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ??????(ICT???????????,??????????????????,??????????????????,????????????,??????????????????????????,?????????????????????????,????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????,?????????ICT?????????,?????;??????????,??ICT?????,??????????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????,????ICT???,??ICT??????;????????,???ICT????????,???????????,???????ICT????????????????,?????????,?????????,???ICT???????????This paper argues the legitimacy of current digital library related curriculum to support the ICT extended information services, such as online references, online library instruction, information literacy education, etc.In order to understand what has been taught in Digital Library related courses, it first collected and analyzed digital library related curriculum in LIS programs in Taiwan. In order to understand the current information services issues, it collected and analyzed the titles of 2002 and 2008 Off-campus information services conference proceedings.The research findings reveal that Digital Library courses are not required but selected in all programs.The content of which is between an introductory and architecture base.Skills and training for ICT extended information services are found not the focus of current Digital Library education. On the other hand, the off-campus conferences show a broad need and issues for information services, such as library instruction, information literacy education, and research literacy, etc.The findings suggest a discern review on future DL curriculum design to take into consideration of skills and training on ICT extended information services issues.

Mei-Mei Wu

2010-10-01

25

Building a Digital Library: Theory, Computation, and Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past dozen years the Open Source Physics (OSP) project has produced some of the most widely used interactive curricular materials for the teaching of introductory and advanced physics courses. These materials are based on Java applets called Physlets and on new OSP programs and applications. In this talk we will outline the pedagogical and technical features of these programs and describe our current effort to create and distribute our material using the comPADRE National Science Digital Library. Open Source Physics collection is available on the comPADRE website at http://www.compadre.org/osp/

Christian, Wolfgang

2009-03-01

26

Problem-Solving Examples as Interactive Learning Objects for Educational Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper analyzes three major problems encountered by our team as we endeavored to turn problem solving examples in the domain of programming into highly reusable educational activities, which could be included as first class objects in various educational digital libraries. It also suggests three specific approaches to resolving these problems,…

Brusilovsky, Peter; Yudelson, Michael; Hsiao, I-Han

2009-01-01

27

A Conceptual Framework for Digital Libraries for K-12 Mathematics Education: Part 2, New Educational Standards, Policy Making, and Accountability  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is the second of two (see pt. 1) that describe a six-part conceptual framework for designing and evaluating digital libraries for mathematics education in K-12 settings: information literacy, information organization, integrated learning, adoption of new educational standards, integration of pertinent changes in educational policy…

Chen, Hsin-liang; Doty, Philip

2005-01-01

28

Chemical Education Digital Library (ChemEd DL)  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemEd DL provides exemplary digital resources, tools, and online services to aid in teaching and learning chemistry by offering access to multiple collections and services from the the Journal of Chemical Education, the American Chemical Society Education Division and the ChemCollective. Major resources center on the periodic table and properties of the elements, molecular and solid-state structures, videos showing chemical reactions, questions for homework and quizzes, virtual laboratories, and wiki-based textbooks. Major services include a course-management system (Moodle) into which resources are easily added, a tool for organizing wiki-textbooks into course units, and a series of high-school-chemistry lesson plans incorporating online resources.

2008-12-10

29

A Multi-Discipline, Multi-Genre Digital Library for Research and Education  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe NCSTRL+, a unified, canonical digital library for educational and scientific and technical information (STI). NCSTRL+ is based on the Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library (NCSTRL), a World Wide Web (WWW) accessible digital library (DL) that provides access to over 100 university departments and laboratories. NCSTRL+ implements two new technologies: cluster functionality and publishing "buckets". We have extended the Dienst protocol, the protocol underlying NCSTRL, to provide the ability to "cluster" independent collections into a logically centralized digital library based upon subject category classification, type of organization, and genres of material. The concept of "buckets" provides a mechanism for publishing and managing logically linked entities with multiple data formats. The NCSTRL+ prototype DL contains the holdings of NCSTRL and the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS). The prototype demonstrates the feasibility of publishing into a multi-cluster DL, searching across clusters, and storing and presenting buckets of information.

Nelson, Michael L.; Maly, Kurt; Shen, Stewart N. T.

2004-01-01

30

'Digital Library: A New Concept of Library  

OpenAIRE

This article throws light on introduction of Digital Library, Definition of Digital Library, Need, Objective, Function, Concept; Advantages & Disadvantages of Digital Library and it also describe components of Digital Library.

Bari, Deshmukh A. Hadi A.

2012-01-01

31

'Digital Library: A New Concept of Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article throws light on introduction of Digital Library, Definition of Digital Library, Need, Objective, Function, Concept; Advantages & Disadvantages of Digital Library and it also describe components of Digital Library.

Deshmukh A. Hadi A. Bari

2012-10-01

32

Digital (Library Services) and (Digital Library) Services  

OpenAIRE

This paper is an exploration of digital library services, in both possible senses: services provided digitally by physical libraries, and services provided by digital libraries. Services, regardless of the environment in which they are provided, break down into services performed on materials (technical services) and services provided to individual users and communities of users (public services). Both traditional and new services are discussed as a means for exploring the question of what a ...

Pomerantz, Jeffrey University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill

2008-01-01

33

The National Science Digital Library: New Tools for Geoscience Education and Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Just as the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) serves at a catalyst for collaboration among its partner institutions and throughout the Geoscience community, DLESE is also a key partner in the broader collaborative efforts of the National Science Digital Library (NSDL). Established by the National Science Foundation to support continual improvement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education, NSDL provides an organized point of access to materials created by a broad range of collaborating partner institutions including universities, museums, professional organizations, government agencies, national research laboratories, and publishers of textbooks and journals. NSDL is a network of content and data-rich collections, educational resources, learning environments, and technology-based tools created to address the needs of educators and learners at all levels (K-12, higher education, and lifelong learning). This session will provide an overview of NSDL and explore the ways in which DLESE's active role in the NSDL community can facilitate collaborations with other Geoscience partners. Presenters will demonstrate online tools that can enhance cooperative learning and engagement with digital library resources. Funding opportunities for the development of future NSDL collections, services, and research will also be discussed.

van Gundy, S. E.; Pandya, R.

2003-12-01

34

Enhancing Scientific Practice and Education through Collaborative Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

The need for accurate and current scientific information in the fast paced Internet-aware world has prompted the scientific community to develop tools that reduce the scientist's time and effort to make digital information available to all interested parties. The availability of such tools has made the Internet a vast digital repository of…

Maini, Gaurav; Leggett, John J.; Ong, Teongjoo; Wilson, Hugh D.; Reed, Monique D.; Hatch, Stephan L.; Dawson, John E.

35

Activities and Strategies for the Inclusion of a K-12 Educational Component in Digitization Grant Projects of Academic Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This article seeks to explore and discuss activities and strategies for including a K-12 educational component in digitization grant projects in academic libraries. The article is based on cases studying the K-12 educational component of the three following grants awarded to East Carolina University Joyner Library by North Carolina Exploring…

Teel, Linda

2010-01-01

36

Digital library conformance checklist  

OpenAIRE

This booklet is abstracted and abridged from "The Digital Library Reference Model"- D3.2 DL.org Project Deliverable. The check list is designed to verify whether or not a digital library conforms to the Digital Library Reference Model.

Ross, Seamus; Castelli, Donatella; Ioannidis, Yannis; Vullo, Giuseppina; Innocenti, Perla; Candela, Leonardo; Nika, Ana; El Raheb, Katerina; Katifori, Akrivi

2011-01-01

37

Changing State Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has shown that state virtual or digital libraries are evolving into websites that are loaded with free resources, subscription databases, and instructional tools. In this article, the author explores these evolving libraries based on the following questions: (1) How user-friendly are the state digital libraries?; (2) How do state digital

Pappas, Marjorie L.

2006-01-01

38

Core Services in the Architecture of the National Digital Library for Science Education (NSDL)  

CERN Document Server

We describe the core components of the architecture for the (NSDL) National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library. Over time the NSDL will include heterogeneous users, content, and services. To accommodate this, a design for a technical and organization infrastructure has been formulated based on the notion of a spectrum of interoperability. This paper describes the first phase of the interoperability infrastructure including the metadata repository, search and discovery services, rights management services, and user interface portal facilities.

Lagoze, C; Gan, S; Hillmann, D; Ingram, C; Krafft, D; Marisa, R; Phipps, J; Saylor, J; Terrizzi, C; Hoehn, W; Millman, D; Allan, J; Guzman-Lara, S; Kalt, T; Lagoze, Carl; Arms, William; Gan, Stoney; Hillmann, Diane; Ingram, Christopher; Krafft, Dean; Marisa, Richard; Phipps, Jon; Saylor, John; Terrizzi, Carol; Hoehn, Walter; Millman, David; Allan, James; Guzman-Lara, Sergio; Kalt, Tom

2002-01-01

39

Primary Multimedia Objects and 'Educational Metadata' A Fundamental Dilemma for Developers of Multimedia Archives; Evaluation of Digital Library Impact and User Communities by Analysis of Usage Patterns; The KYVL Kentuckiana Digital Library Project: Background and Current Status; DPDx Collection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes four articles that discuss multimedia educational database systems and the use of metadata, including repurposing; the evaluation of digital library use that analyzes the retrieval habits of users; the Kentucky Virtual Library (KYVL) and digital collection project; and the collection of the Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for…

Shabajee, Paul; Bollen, Johan; Luce, Rick; Weig, Eric

2002-01-01

40

Ethnomathematics Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Ethnomathematics Digital Library (EDL) is "a resource network and interactive learning community for ethnomathematics, with emphasis on the indigenous mathematics of the Pacific region." The collaborative project is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and overseen by Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL). Based on the premise that "mathematical ideas are mental constructs created by individuals and groups in response to cultural activities" (such as navigation, building, and trade) the group identifies, reviews, seeks copyright clearance, digitizes, indexes, and archives ethnomathematics materials that they consider high quality. There are about 700 items in this growing collection, which visitors may search by keyword or browse by subject, geographical area, or cultural group.

41

Digital library for patents  

OpenAIRE

The present paper discusses the concept of digital library and it’s significance, various motivating factors for digital library application are also highlighted briefly. The uses of patents as a tool for protecting intellectual property rights (IPRs), major patents websites, literature on patents are discussed.

Chandra, Harish

2002-01-01

42

The Ambient Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Conventional digital libraries increasingly support remote access from mobile devices. However, the archetypical mobile user differs from the conventional user in a number of aspects; of these the most important is context. Synonymous with mobile computing is the context concept, and factoring the availability of select contextual elements into the design of digital libraries offers significant opportunities for adapting and personalising services for the mobile computing community. This pape...

O Grady, Michael J.; O Hare, G. M. P.

2012-01-01

43

A Conceptual Framework for Digital Libraries for K-12 Mathematics Education: Part 1, Information Organization, Information Literacy, and Integrated Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is the first of two that present a six-part conceptual framework for the design and evaluation of digital libraries meant to support mathematics education in K-12 settings (see also pt. 2). This first article concentrates on (1) information organization, (2) information literacy, and (3) integrated learning with multimedia materials.…

Chen, Hsin-liang; Doty, Philip

2005-01-01

44

Digital libraries applications CBIR, education, social networks, eScience/simulation, and GIS  

CERN Document Server

Digital libraries (DLs) have evolved since their launch in 1991 into an important type of information system, with widespread application. This volume advances that trend further by describing new research and development in the DL field that builds upon the 5S (Societies, Scenarios, Spaces, Structures, Streams) framework, which is discussed in three other DL volumes in this series.While the 5S framework may be used to describe many types of information systems, and is likely to have even broader utility and appeal, we focus here on digital libraries.Drawing upon six (Akbar, Kozievitch, Leidig

Fox, Edward A

2014-01-01

45

Database Technology in Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews issues relating to database technology and digital libraries. Highlights include resource sharing; ongoing digital library projects; metadata; user interfaces; query processing; interoperability; data quality; copyright infringement; and managerial implications, including electronic versus printed materials, accessibility,…

Preston, Carole; Lin, Binshan

2002-01-01

46

??????????? ?????????? ? ?????? — ?????????, ?????????? ? ???????? (Digital libraries in Russia — tendencies, achievements and problems)  

OpenAIRE

The brief description of the main digital libraries projects in Russia. The described projects are National Digital Library, EC-funded project "Russian Libraries in the Third Millennium", Central Library of Educational Resources, ARLICON ("Association of Regional Library Consortia") and some regional initiatives.

????????, ?. ?.

2004-01-01

47

Progress Toward Digital Libraries: Augmentation through Integration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduces the nine papers in a special issue focusing on progress toward digital libraries. Articles fall into three categories: history and activities about digital libraries (DL); understanding digital library users; and extending and integrating through digital libraries. (AEF)

Marchionini, Gary; Fox, Edward A.

1999-01-01

48

Mecme Digital Library (Mediterranean Coastal Marine Environment Digital Library)  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes the MeCME Digital Library (Mediterranean Coastal Marine Environment DL)construction and its aims, its uniqueness and innovative purposes. Only another Digital Library in Italy covers up the fields of oceanography and marine biology. It is the 'Laguna di Venezia Digital Library'. MeCME main frame as a self-publishing digital library has been based upon LVDL-Laguna di Venezia Digital Libray. Published also as Tecnical Report 2004-TR-147 in MeCME-DL: http://istiserv.isti.cnr...

Biagioni, Stefania; Carlesi, Carlo; Filippi, Maria

2004-01-01

49

The Civil Rights Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Partner organizations including The New Georgia Encyclopedia, the Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, and the Institute of Museum and Library Services have joined forces to create the very impressive Civil Rights Digital Library (CRDL). The intent of the CRDL is to promote an "enhanced understanding of the Movement by helping users discover primary sources and other educational materials from libraries, archives, museums, public broadcasters, and others on a national scale." Visitors can browse through the materials by place, people, events, or topics, such as "Community Organizing", "White Resistance", "Economic Justice", and "Voting Rights". Also, visitors can browse the materials by contributing institutions or media type. There's some really terrific material here, including oral histories, archival footage, and still photographs. Overall, it is a site that will be invaluable to historians working in this area, and anyone with an interest in learning about the civil rights movement.

50

Digital Libraries on the Internet.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses digital libraries on the Internet. The resource repository hierarchy, consisting of two major paradigms, search engines (SEs) and digital libraries, is presented. SEs are classified into three categories: basic-SE, directory, and meta-SE. The following six major characteristics of a library are summarized: collection of data…

Sharon, Taly; Frank, Ariel J.

51

Googlizing a Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes how we dramatically increased access to our content through the use of sitemap files and sets of browsable links. Digital libraries, when characterized by search and retrieval capabilities, are normally part of the Deep Web, inaccessible to general web crawlers and hence to generalized search engines such as Google. Yet the primary goals of digital libraries include enhancing accessibility, expanding one's audience to the general public, and promoting the library. Leveraging the capabilities of popular search engines is a potentially powerful and low-cost method of meeting these goals. An overview is provided of the problem, the solutions being developed, as well as an exploration of the current methods of remediation and their applicability to two other search engines, Yahoo! and Ask. A selection of methods is implemented for a dynamically-delivered database of 1081 finding aids (in the form of Encoded Archival Description. Access statistics (ruling out crawlers already indicate a remarkable increase in user and hit counts as a result.

Jody DeRidder

2008-03-01

52

Architectural Optimization of Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This work investigates performance and scaling issues relevant to large scale distributed digital libraries. Presently, performance and scaling studies focus on specific implementations of production or prototype digital libraries. Although useful information is gained to aid these designers and other researchers with insights to performance and scaling issues, the broader issues relevant to very large scale distributed libraries are not addressed. Specifically, no current studies look at the extreme or worst case possibilities in digital library implementations. A survey of digital library research issues is presented. Scaling and performance issues are mentioned frequently in the digital library literature but are generally not the focus of much of the current research. In this thesis a model for a Generic Distributed Digital Library (GDDL) and nine cases of typical user activities are defined. This model is used to facilitate some basic analysis of scaling issues. Specifically, the calculation of Internet traffic generated for different configurations of the study parameters and an estimate of the future bandwidth needed for a large scale distributed digital library implementation. This analysis demonstrates the potential impact a future distributed digital library implementation would have on the Internet traffic load and raises questions concerning the architecture decisions being made for future distributed digital library designs.

Biser, Aileen O.

1998-01-01

53

The SciELO Brazilian Scientific Journal Gateway and Open Archives; Usability of Hypermedia Educational e-Books; Building Upon the MyLibrary Concept To Better Meet the Information Needs of College Students; Open Archives and UK Institutions; The Utah Digital Newspapers Project; Examples of Practical Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that focus on practical uses of technologies developed from digital library research in the areas of education and scholarship reflecting the international impact of digital library research initiatives. Includes the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) (Brazil); the National Science Foundation (NSF) (US); the Joint…

Marcondes, Carlos Henrique; Sayao, Luis Fernando; Diaz, Paloma; Gibbons, Susan; Pinfield, Stephen; Kenning, Arlitsch; Edge, Karen; Yapp, L.; Witten, Ian H.

2003-01-01

54

Development of Higher Education in Albania: The Case of the Public University Libraries in Efforts to Build Digital and Electronic Services for the Academic Community  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Between the obligation of carrying out their mission to ensure the quality development of higher education and the right to function as important centers where knowledge is taken, developed and transmitted, this paper will examine the technological developments of university libraries as an important part of higher education. Digital and electronic experiences applied in Albanian universities libraries will be brought to the attention of the public. This paper is based on the questionnaire survey conducted at public university libraries in Albania. Opinions of librarians regarding ICT application were elicited using a structured questionnaire, followed up with interviews. In the case of non-response by libraries is consulted their official web sites to have a more complete information. In addition, secondary sources were consulted as domestic and foreign literature in this field. Results show that: 1 the level of application information technology in public university libraries in Albania is acceptable. The most important and serious problem is the lack of the unique University Library ICT Policy; 2 serious handicap is the lack of educated librarians in using information technology; 3 the proportion of university library activity goes more digital, so the digital collection becomes reality in the public university libraries. This paper brings conclusions that contribute to: a national information communication technology policy for university libraries and b the creation of an integrated system for management and transmission of knowledge at the national level for all Albanian university libraries.

Erena Haska

2013-01-01

55

Land Treatment Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey to catalog legacy land treatment information on Bureau of Land Management lands in the western United States. The LTDL can be used by federal managers and scientists for compiling information for data-calls, producing maps, generating reports, and conducting analyses at varying spatial and temporal scales. The LTDL currently houses thousands of treatments from BLM lands across 10 states. Users can browse a map to find information on individual treatments, perform more complex queries to identify a set of treatments, and view graphs of treatment summary statistics.

Pilliod, David; Welty, Justin L.

2013-01-01

56

Mountain West Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Formed as part of a consortium between universities, colleges, museums, and historical societies in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho, the Mountain West Digital Library contains dozens of digital collections whose content ranges far beyond that of the geographical area covered by the Mountain West region. On their homepage, visitors can learn about the "Featured Collection" and then browse all of the available collections via a list of partner institutions. All told, there are over 100 collections here, and visitors can search the entire archive for text, images, video, or audio clips. A couple of the collections should not be missed, including "Before Gaming: Las Vegas Centennial", which provides visual documentation of a (relatively) quiet Las Vegas before the emergence of gambling. Additionally, the Mormon publication "The Young Woman's Journal" provides insight into the lives of Mormon women in the early 20th century.

57

Princeton Seminary Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Princeton Seminary Digital Library offers access to over 185,000 pages of digital materials, and for people with an interest in American religious history, 19th century Korean photographs, and a cornucopia of other topics, this website is worth bookmarking. First-time visitors to the site can browse the materials here by author, collection, or journal. Currently, there are twelve different historical journals archived, including "Biblical Repertory," "Theology Today," and "The Princeton Review." In the "Browse Authors" area, visitors can look through the alphabetical listing or view the most prolific authors in a tag cloud. In the Princeton Collection, visitors can view the materials by document type, including images, poems, and sermons. The "sermon" area has some rather intriguing documents, such as a series of sermons originally published in the 1852 "Princeton Pulpit."

58

DIGITAL ERA: UTILIZE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN DIGITAL LIBRARY  

OpenAIRE

With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.

Raghunadha Reddy, T.

2012-01-01

59

Development of Higher Education in Albania: The Case of the Public University Libraries in Efforts to Build Digital and Electronic Services for the Academic Community  

OpenAIRE

Between the obligation of carrying out their mission to ensure the quality development of higher education and the right to function as important centers where knowledge is taken, developed and transmitted, this paper will examine the technological developments of university libraries as an important part of higher education. Digital and electronic experiences applied in Albanian universities libraries will be brought to the attention of the public. This paper is based on the questionnaire su...

Erena Haska

2013-01-01

60

Challenges for Digital Library Evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of the evaluation of digital libraries suggests a conceptual framework for evaluation. Reviews evaluation efforts in research and practice; examines the derivation of criteria used in evaluation; states the essential requirements for evaluation; and discuses constructs, context, and criteria of digital libraries. (Contains 20…

Saracevic, Tefko; Covi, Lisa

2000-01-01

61

Digital Libraries: The Grand Challenges.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the technical, economic, social, and cultural challenges to building a national digital library system. Selecting and filtering information, building and scaling distributed digital library networks, invoicing, payment, authorizing access, the locus of planning leadership, and the information poor are discussed. (Contains three…

Garrett, John R.

1993-01-01

62

The Huntington Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This wide-ranging collection from the Huntington Library brings together well over 100,000 items from its prodigious physical collection, which includes 7 million manuscripts, 1.3 million photographs, and prints. As the homepage of its digital collections, this site includes Maps, Rare Books, and Southern California Edison Photographs and Negatives. This last collection offers over 70,000 items from the photographic archive of the electricity supply company, Southern California Edison. The topics covered here alone are exhaustive and range from employee gatherings, streetscapes, advertisements, and small businesses. Another area that should not be missed is the collection of photographs by Maynard L. Parker who documented well-known and lesser-known homes all around Los Angeles and Southern California from the 1930s to the 1970s.

63

Digital film library implementation  

Science.gov (United States)

The Radiology Department at the University of Pennsylvania is in the process of clinically testing its PACS implementation. The PACS implementation has been built around a Vortech Image Archival and Retrieval System (IARS) with a 140-platter optical jukebox. The Vortech IARS provides archival services only. A set of software modules have been developed in-house that allow the system to function as a digital film library. The current implementation allows connectivity to a RIS (DECrad), supports the routing of images to two intensive care units, and allows image acquisition from a Du Pont FD2000 laser scanner and two GE SIGNA MR units. All process-to-process communication follows the ACR/NEMA 2.0 protocol. The proposed folder extensions to ACR/NEMA 2.0 are being utilized for sending information to the display nodes. The system has been running clinically for about three months. Details of the design, implementation, and functionality of the PACS are presented.

Kishore, Sheel; Khalsa, Satjeet S.; Seshadri, Sridhar B.; Arenson, Ronald L.

1991-07-01

64

The digital library: an oxymoron?  

OpenAIRE

"Virtual libraries" and "digital libraries" have become stock phrases of our times. But what do they really mean? While digital refers to a new form of document encoding and must be approached from that perspective, virtual resonates with aspects that modern philosophy treats with benign neglect at best. The word virtual harbors the notion of potential, and therein lies its hidden strength. Although strong commercial interests try to use the shift to a digital environment to redefine the poli...

Gue?don, J. C.

1999-01-01

65

Digital Orchid Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Several years ago, the author and traveler Susan Orlean brought the world of those obsessed with orchids to the general book-reading public. These rather entrancing flowers had a substantial following before her work, and they remain a passion for many. Working in collaboration, Michigan State University, the American Orchid Society, the Missouri Botanical Garden, and the National Agricultural Library have assisted in the creation of this lovely online digitized collection. Here, visitors can electronically traipse through such gems as the periodical âÂÂThe Orchid Worldâ from 1911 and 1912, then move on to more demanding texts such as âÂÂDie Orchideen von JavaâÂÂ, compiled by one Johannes Jacobus Smith. Accompanied by detailed illustrations of orchids, visitors will find much to delight in throughout these various taxonomical works. Of course, visitors would be remiss not to visit the narrative accounts of orchid-collecting presented here, particularly âÂÂAbout Orchids: A Chatâ by Frederick Boyle. In it, they will find such passionate panegyrics as those expressed in this sentence: âÂÂI take it that orchids meet a craving of the cultured soul which began to be felt at the moment when kindly powers provided means to satisfy itâÂÂ.

66

The Darlington Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Darlington Digital Library was created from the first major collection of books, manuscripts, and maps donated to the University of Pittsburgh. The lion's share of the credit for this collection goes to the attorney William M. Darlington, who was born in Pittsburgh in 1815. During his long life, Darlington collected items like John James Audubon's "Birds of America" and hundreds of lithographs, broadsides, and other items. The collection eventually found its way to the university in 1925, and this collection contains over 3,000 items from its holdings. Visitors can scan through the major sections here via the Atlases, Books, Broadsides, and Images areas. The Atlases area includes five gems, including the Novus Orbis Regio, which features North and South America as Simon Gyrnaeus imagined them in 1532. The Broadsides area is a real treat, containing a proclamation by President George Washington declaring February 19, 1795 as a "Day of Public Thanksgiving and Prayer." Finally, users can use the search engine to look for items of particular interest. [KMG

2007-01-01

67

A Digital Library Feasibility Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents the outcomes of a Digital Library Feasibility Study at the Wellcome Library. In particular, the study looked at the interoperability and integration between systems, including a back-end digital asset management (DAM system with attached storage, a front-end delivery system, the use of METS to manage delivery of content, a full-text database with search engine, and a workflow management system.

C. Henshaw

2010-08-01

68

Development of the educational digital library EduCR@I 2.0 Desarrollo de la Biblioteca Digital Educativa EduCR@I 2.0  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries have changed from being places where you store, organize and disseminate information, to become dynamic centers, acting proactively in knowledge construction by providing resources and services that innovate ways to communicate with its users to create alternative spaces to make an impact in the academic life of the institution. This educational digital library proposal involves the construction of a virtual space extended to the physical library resources to accommodate different teaching and educational purposes expressed in learning objects, video channel, wikis, virtual classroom, blogs, web portal, library in virtual worlds and digital repositories. EDUCR @ I 2.0 is the name that has been designated to the multi-platform educational digital library CUCSUR, presenting up to now as progress in its construction the design of structures for skills development writers. The project proposes a flexible schema to be organized in a modular way and the possibilities to increase its components. It allows saving costs due to the use of free software and open source as well as the campus intranet, and depending on the incorporation of multimedia materials, users online and scanned documents to database, it is possible to perform preliminary tests on its functionality with Workstations computer equipment type for preliminary testing and measuring growth of the collections in the future.Las bibliotecas han evolucionado de ser lugares donde se almacenan, organizan y difunden la información hasta convertirse en centros dinámicos que actúan de manera proactiva en la construcción del conocimiento al disponer de recursos y servicios que innovan la manera de comunicarse con sus usuarios al generar espacios alternativos para lograr un impacto en la vida académica de la institución. La presente propuesta de biblioteca digital educativa consiste en la construcción de un espacio virtual extendido a la biblioteca física para albergar diferentes recursos con fines didácticos y educativos expresados en objetos de aprendizaje, canal de video, wikis, aula virtual, blogs, portal web, biblioteca en mundos virtuales y repositorios digitales. EDUCR@I 2.0 es el nombre que se le ha designado a la multiplataforma digital educativa de la biblioteca del CUCSUR, que presenta hasta el momento como avance en su construcción el diseño de estructuras para el desarrollo de competencias escritoras. El proyecto propone un esquema flexible al organizarse de forma modular y con posibilidades para incrementar sus componentes. Permite el ahorro de costos debido a la utilización de software libre y código abierto así como la intranet del campus y, dependiendo de la incorporación de materiales multimedia, usuarios conectados y documentos digitalizados a las bases de datos, es posible realizar pruebas preliminares de su funcionalidad con equipos de cómputo tipo Workstation existentes para la realización de pruebas preliminares y la medición de crecimiento de las colecciones a futuro

Yolanda López Santana

2013-01-01

69

NCore: Architecture and Implementation of a Flexible, Collaborative Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

NCore is an open source architecture and software platform for creating flexible, collaborative digital libraries. NCore was developed by the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) project, and it serves as the central technical infrastructure for NSDL. NCore consists of a central Fedora-based digital repository, a specific data model, an API, and a set of backend services and frontend tools that create a new model for collaborative, contributory digital libraries. This paper describes NCore, presents and analyzes its architecture, tools and services; and reports on the experience of NSDL in building and operating a major digital library on it over the past year and the experience of the Digital Library for Earth Systems Education in porting their existing digital library and tools to the NCore platform.

Krafft, Dean B; Cramer, Ellen J

2008-01-01

70

DIGITAL ERA: UTILIZE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN DIGITAL LIBRARY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.

T. RAGHUNADHA REDDY

2012-09-01

71

The New Zealand Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This fine Website provides searchable access to a number of voluminous document collections from diverse sources around the world in the fields of history, humanitarian and global development, computer science, music, and literature. These databases are chock full of documents, reports, articles, bibliographies, periodicals, and audio/ video files. The Website's searching and browsing interfaces are provided by Greenstone digital library software and enable easy, effective searching through these substantial collections, which include materials from the UN University, the Food and Agriculture organization, the Humanity Development Library, the World Environment Library, the Bibliotheque pour le Developpement, and more. Also included here are interfaces for the Gutenberg Project (see the November 22, 1996 Scout Report), a women's history collection, a youth oral history covering the lives of New Zealand children in the pre- and post-World War II years, the New Zealand Digital Music Library, and even an extensive music video collection (note: download times for videos can be several minutes). Two of the collections -- on Arabic and Chinese studies -- appear to be still under construction. The great boon of the site, of course, is the fact that rather than simply serving as a gateway, it allows users to immediately access the various materials brought up by the interface. "The New Zealand Digital Library project is a research program at The University of Waikato whose aim is to develop the underlying technology for digital libraries and make it available publicly so that others can use it to create their own collections."

72

Digital library usability studies  

CERN Document Server

Each summer, circulation staff in my library inventories a section of the stacks andbrings collection issues to the attention of appropriate bibliographers. Since I amresponsible for the economics collection, I see an array of government documents thathave managed to elude the cataloging process. Many of these titles are decades old,having squatted in the library undisturbed and uncirculated since our online catalogwas implemented in 1990.

Eden, Bradford Lee

2005-01-01

73

Uncovering Information Hidden in Web Archives: Glimpse at Web Analysis Building on Data Warehouses; Towards Continuous Web Archiving: First Results and an Agenda for the Future; The Open Video Digital Library; After Migration to an Electronic Journal Collection: Impact on Faculty and Doctoral Students; Who Is Reading On-Line Education Journals? Why? And What Are They Reading?; Report on eLibrary@UBC4: Research, Collaboration and the Digital Library - Visions for 2010.  

Science.gov (United States)

These six articles discuss Web archives and Web analysis building on data warehouses; international efforts at continuous Web archiving; the Open Video Digital Library; electronic journal collections in academic libraries; online education journals; and an electronic library symposium at the University of British Columbia. (LRW)

Rauber, Andreas; Bruckner, Robert M.; Aschenbrenner, Andreas; Witvoet, Oliver; Kaiser, Max; Masanes, Julien; Marchionini, Gary; Geisler, Gary; King, Donald W.; Montgomery, Carol Hansen; Rudner, Lawrence M.; Gellmann, Jennifer S.; Miller-Whitehead, Marie; Iverson, Lee

2002-01-01

74

New Zealand Digital Library: Humanity Development Library 2.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission of the Humanity Development Library is to make practical information from many sources available at the lowest possible cost to the user. Originally created as a set of CD-ROMs and now on the Web, the library provides a gateway to the publications of a whole host of international human development and educational organizations, from the Asian Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU) to the World Bank. Greenstone software, developed for the New Zealand Digital Library, allows keyword searching across the 1,200+ texts in the library. Users can also browse by subject, title, or organization. The library is available as part of the New Zealand Digital Library, includes full texts and cover art of publications such as CERES, a periodical from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and AIDS Prevention Through Health Promotion, a 1991 book from the World Health Organization. The "Detach" feature of the software allows users to read selected publications in a separate browser window

75

NASA Wavelength: A Digital Library for Earth and Space Science Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Science Education and Public Outreach Forums have developed a web-based information system - NASA Wavelength - that will enable easy discovery and retrieval of thousands of resources from the NASA Earth and space science education portfolio. The beta system is being launched fall 2012 and has been developed based on best-practices in the architecture and design of Web-based information systems. The design style and philosophy emphasize simple, reusable data and services that facilitate the free-flow of data across systems. The primary audiences for NASA Wavelength are STEM educators (K-12, higher education and informal education) as well as scientists, education and public outreach professionals who work with k-12, higher education and informal education.

Schwerin, T.; Peticolas, L. M.; Bartolone, L. M.; Davey, B.; Porcello, D.

2012-12-01

76

The National Library of Canada's Digital Library Initiatives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Incorporated in the National Library of Canada's (NLC) digital library initiatives are projects relating to digitization, collecting Canadian networked electronic publications, development of virtual catalogs, metadata creation, and preservation of digital resources. Issues relating to collaboration, access to digital collections and databases,…

Hodges, Doug; Lunau, Carrol D.

1999-01-01

77

Library assessment in higher education  

CERN Document Server

Academic libraries are increasingly being asked to demonstrate their value as one of many units on campus, but determining the outcomes of an academic library within the context of its collegiate setting is challenging. This book explains and clarifies the practice of assessment in academic institutions, enabling library managers to better understand and explain the impact of the library on student learning outcomes, teaching effectiveness, and research productivity. Providing essential information for all college and university librarians, this volume discusses and summarizes the outcomes of research that has been conducted to investigate assessment within the context of higher education. This updated second edition incorporates additional research, examines new trends, and covers groundbreaking advances in digital assessment tools as well as the changes in the amount and forms of data utilized in the assessment process. The chapters address assessment from a campus setting and present data that demonstrate...

Matthews, Joseph R

2014-01-01

78

Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

Rajab Abd al-Hamed

2007-01-01

79

Using massive digital libraries a LITA guide  

CERN Document Server

In this thought-provoking and unabashedly optimistic book, he explores how massive digital libraries are already adapting to society''s needs, and looks ahead to the massive digital libraries of tomorrow.

Weiss, Andrew

2014-01-01

80

Digital Library Collaboration: A Service-Oriented Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Collaboration in the digital domain offers an opportunity to provide enhanced digital services and extended reach to the community. This article adopts a service-oriented perspective through which it considers environmental drivers for digital library collaboration; discusses emergent collaborative partnerships across UK educational institutions,…

Buchanan, Steven; Gibb, Forbes; Simmons, Susan; McMenemy, David

2012-01-01

81

Search features of digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Traditional on-line search services such as Dialog, DataStar and Lexis provide a wide range of search features (boolean and proximity operators, truncation, etc. This paper discusses the use of these features for effective searching, and argues that these features are required, regardless of advances in search engine technology. The literature on on-line searching is reviewed, identifying features that searchers find desirable for effective searching. A selective survey of current digital libraries available on the Web was undertaken, identifying which search features are present. The survey indicates that current digital libraries do not implement a wide range of search features. For instance: under half of the examples included controlled vocabulary, under half had proximity searching, only one enabled browsing of term indexes, and none of the digital libraries enable searchers to refine an initial search. Suggestions are made for enhancing the search effectiveness of digital libraries, for instance by: providing a full range of search operators, enabling browsing of search terms, enhancement of records with controlled vocabulary, enabling the refining of initial searches, etc.

Alastair G. Smith

2000-01-01

82

The Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents the Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library Project (YMTDL) including discussions of policy issues, project implementation and results. It also discusses how the presence of this project in one graduate school has stimulated thinking about Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) in the broader academic community The M.D. thesis at Yale, a tradition dating from 1839, has remained an essential part of the contemporary medical education curriculum. Students must create their...

Greenberg, Charles J.; Belanger, Arthur; Mayman, Gillian

2003-01-01

83

Digital Treasures from the Mountain West Digital library  

OpenAIRE

Slideshow spotlights selections from Utah and Nevada's archival and research digital libraries as featured in the Mountain West Digital Library (http://mwdl.org). Created for looping presentation during conference venues.

Walters, Cheryl D.

2008-01-01

84

State Digital Library Usability: Contributing Organizational Factors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines contributing factors for the organizational usability of state digital libraries through evidence from usage statistics of Internet-based database services available through a state digital library, a statewide-administered library survey, and a Web-based survey of users. Presents an organizational usability model for state digital

Xie, Hong; Wolfram, Dietmar

2002-01-01

85

Access of Digitized Print Originals in US and UK Higher Education Libraries Combined with Print Circulation Indicates Increased Usage of Traditional Forms of Reading Materials. A Review of: Joint, Nicholas. “Is Digitisation the New Circulation?: Borrowing Trends, Digitisation and the nature of reading in US and UK Libraries.” Library Review 57.2 (2008: 87-95.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To discern the statistical accuracy of reports that print circulation is in decline in libraries, particularly higher education libraries in the United States (USand United Kingdom (UK, and to determine if circulation patterns reflect a changing dynamic in patron reading habits.Design – Comparative statistical analysis.Setting – Library circulation statistics from as early as 1982 to as recent as 2006, culled from various sources with specific references to statistics gathered by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA, the Library and Information Statistics Unit (LISU, the Association of Research Libraries (ARL, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES, and the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL.Subjects – Higher education institutions in the United States and United Kingdom, along with public libraries to a lesser extent.Methods – This study consists of an analysis of print circulation statistics in public and higher education libraries in the US and UK, combined with data on multimedia circulation in public libraries and instances of digital access in university libraries. Specifically, NEA statistics provided data on print readership levels in the US from 1982 to 2002; LISU statistics were analyzed for circulation figures and gate counts in UK public libraries; ARL statistics from 1996 to 2006 provided circulation data for large North American research libraries; NCES statistics from 1990 to 2004 contributed data on circulation in “tertiary level” US higher education libraries; and ACRL statistics were analyzed for more circulation numbers for US post-secondary education libraries. The study further includes data on UK trends in print readership and circulation in UK higher education libraries, and trends in US public library circulation of non-print materials.Main Results – Analysis of the data indicates that print circulation is down in US and UK public libraries and in ARL member libraries, while it is up in the non-ARL higher education libraries represented and in UK higher education libraries. However, audio book circulation in US public libraries supplements print circulation to the point where overall circulation of book materials is increasing, and the access of digital literature supplements print circulation in ARL member libraries (although the statistics are difficult to measure and meld with print circulation statistics. Essentially, the circulation of book material is increasing in most institutions when all formats are considered. According to the author, library patrons are reading more than ever; the materials patrons are accessing are traditional in content regardless of the means by which the materials are accessed.Conclusion – The author contends that print circulation is in decline only where digitization efforts are extensive, such as in ARL-member libraries; when digital content is factored into the equation the access of book-type materials is up in most libraries. The author speculates that whether library patrons use print or digital materials, the content of those materials is largely traditional in nature, thereby resulting in the act of “literary” reading remaining a focal point of library usage. Modes of reading and learning have not changed, at least insofar as these things may be inferred from studying circulation statistics. The author asserts that digital access is favorable to patrons and that libraries should attempt to follow the ARL model of engaging in large scale digitization projects in order to provide better service to their patrons; the author goes on to argue that UK institutions with comparable funding to ARLs will have greater success in this endeavour if UK copyright laws are relaxed.

Kurt Blythe

2009-03-01

86

The National Library Service (SBN towards digital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the sector of technologies for the Information Society, the General Direction for Library Heritage and Cultural Institutes has promoted two programs: · SBN: The National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale · BDI: The Italian Digital Library (Biblioteca Digitale Italiana and another project, which was approved on March 18, 2003: · BDI&NTC: The Italian Digital Library and Cultural Tourist Network

Giuliana Sgambati

2003-12-01

87

The National Library Service (SBN) towards digital  

OpenAIRE

In the sector of technologies for the Information Society, the General Direction for Library Heritage and Cultural Institutes has promoted two programs: · SBN: The National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale) · BDI: The Italian Digital Library (Biblioteca Digitale Italiana) and another project, which was approved on March 18, 2003: · BDI&NTC: The Italian Digital Library and Cultural Tourist Network

Giuliana Sgambati

2003-01-01

88

Bates College Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Bates College in Lewiston, Maine has created this site to provide access to some of the holdings in the Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Appropriately enough, the library holds the papers of Muskie, who served as the governor of Maine from 1955 to 1959, and then as one of the United States senators from the state from 1959 to 1980. One of the collections here consists of more than 400 interviews with individuals who knew, affected, or were affected by Senator Muskie. Visitors to the site can browse each interview, and in many cases, the interviews include an audio recording, a transcript and a summary sheet. Interested parties can search for particular words in each transcript and browse by interviewer, interviewee, and interviewer number. In addition, the site includes access to some of the 10,000 historic photographs of Bates College. This section of the site documents the life of the institution from 1875 to the present day, and users can search for photographs of classroom activities, clubs, dorm life, and theater.

89

Accessing Digital Libraries: A Study of ARL Members' Digital Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

To ensure efficient access to and integrated searching capabilities for their institution's new digital library projects, the authors studied Web sites of the Association of Research Libraries' (ARL) 111 academic, English-language libraries. Data were gathered on 1117 digital projects, noting library Web site and project access, metadata, and…

Kahl, Chad M.; Williams, Sarah C.

2006-01-01

90

DIDET: Digital Libraries for Distributed, Innovative Design Education and Teamwork. Final Project Report  

OpenAIRE

The central goal of the DIDET Project was to enhance student learning opportunities by enabling them to partake in global, team based design engineering projects, in which they directly experience different cultural contexts and access a variety of digital information sources via a range of appropriate technology. To achieve this overall project goal, the project delivered on the following objectives: 1. Teach engineering information retrieval, manipulation, and archiving skills to student...

Breslin, Caroline; Grierson, Hilary

2008-01-01

91

University of Missouri Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The diligent staff members at the University of Missouri Digital Library have been working since 2001 to create this repository for various thematic digital collections, and they have amassed over twenty text collections and twenty-three image collections thus far. The site is a real delight, as it contains everything from a 250-piece collection of World War I sheet music to the complete digitized version of the University's student yearbook, titled "The Savitar". Visitors can browse through the other collections as they wish, looking over a collection of speeches by Daniel Webster, photographs of the Missouri Botanical Garden, and sports posters from the school. Additionally, there is also a link to another fine digital collection of historic newspapers from the state as well.

92

Digital Library and Digital Reference Service: Integration and Mutual Complementarity  

Science.gov (United States)

Both the digital library and the digital reference service were invented and have been developed under the networked environment. Among their intersections, the fundamental thing is their symbiotic interest--serving the user in a more efficient way. The article starts by discussing the digital library and its service and the digital reference…

Liu, Jia

2008-01-01

93

Digital library and the Slovenian academic environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital library is a term for a library of the present and of the future challenging the traditional libraries. Authors are interested mostly in the digital space of Slovene academic instutions. In the research, the digital collections of most of the University of Ljubljana faculties are examined. A questionnaire was used to obtain information about the users' (students' needs and their acquaintance with the concept of the digital library. Two things were expected: the research was aimed at finding the positive effect of digital libraries on studies, and the questionnaire as an incentive in the library profession for further research. The questionnaire was made in the end of 1999 at the Faculty of Arts in Ljubljana (FF. It included 275 students of FF. The results showed that the students of librarianship had a better understanding of the term digital library than the students of other courses. A personal computer is used frequently and with pleasure by most questioned students. The term digital library is known to 71,1% of the students of librarianship, and only to 43,8% of others. Most of the students chose the correct definition of the digital library (the digital library is a collection of disparate systems and resources, accessible on the net, but that was, by the authors' opinion, mostly a lucky guess. According to the findings of the research, the authors believe that future development will improve and accelerate a wider use of digital libraries, in Slovenia as well.

Martina Kerec

2001-01-01

94

Libraries in digital environment: Problems and prospects  

OpenAIRE

Digital information promises wide possibilities. The widespread use of IT has completely revolutionized the library systems and services. In this changing library environment, the traditional library systems and services are getting replaced by new techniques such as digital collections, library automation and networking, consortia mode of acquisition, open access initiatives etc. In this changing milieu, libraries and LIS professionals are facing many challenges in regards to new technologie...

2008-01-01

95

A Metadata Registry for the Semantic Web; Meta-Design of a Community Digital Library; Levels of Service for Digital Repositories; Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights: A Digital Library Context.  

Science.gov (United States)

These four articles discuss the role of metadata registries for the Semantic Web; the development of a community digital library called the Digital Library for Earth System Education using meta-design; digital preservation and levels of service for digital repositories; and digitizing cultural materials and indigenous cultural and intellectual…

Heery, Rachel; Wagner, Harry; Wright, Michael; Marlino, Mary; Sumner, Tamara; LeFurgy, William G.; Sullivan, Robert

2002-01-01

96

The Rise of the Digital Public Library  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a growing shift to digital offerings among public libraries. Libraries increasingly are fulfilling roles as technology hubs for their communities, with high demand for technology and career development training resources. Ebooks and other digital materials are on the rise, while print is being scaled back. More libraries are turning to…

McKendrick, Joseph

2012-01-01

97

Digital Libraries from Concept to Practice  

CERN Document Server

The paper represents the result of research in the field of digital libraries functionalities in the context of new Grid infrastructure support. It is defined a new vector of knowledge society, informational vector - content vector. It presents a Grid European project which includes Romanian partners, and it defines on this base a digital library model which can be applied for the libraries in Romania.

Banciu, D

2007-01-01

98

Graduate and Post-MLS Study in Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

As librarians confront the Information Age, it is imperative that they remain aware of the issues that affect the profession. Traditional library skills are no longer adequate for maintaining a competitive edge in the field. Post-graduate education in digital libraries offers information professionals an opportunity to broaden their knowledge of…

Blummer, Barbara

2005-01-01

99

Building a Digital Library on a Shoestring  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the authors discuss ways one can create a digital library on a shoestring despite the current high technology costs. Here, they describe the University of South Carolina's digital library development. The cost associated with building and maintaining the digital collections seems to have been worth it based on the feedback that…

Boyd, Kate Foster; Creighton, Alma

2006-01-01

100

International Library Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports the highlights of IFLA activities, including the F.I.D./I.C.A./IFLA meeting in Bellagio, Italy, June 1980, and short interest items from the Library Association (England), the Singapore Ministry of Education, and the Asian Regional Standing Committee of IFLA. (RAA)

Lowrie, Jean

1981-01-01

101

Digital Preservation in Open-Source Digital Library Software  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital archives and digital library projects are being initiated all over the world for materials of different formats and domains. To organize, store, and retrieve digital content, many libraries as well as archiving centers are using either proprietary or open-source software. While it is accepted that print media can survive for centuries with…

Madalli, Devika P.; Barve, Sunita; Amin, Saiful

2012-01-01

102

Towards a Holistic Approach to Policy Interoperabilityin Digital Libraries and Digital Repositories  

OpenAIRE

Underpinning every digital library and digital repository there is a policy framework, which makes the digital library viable - without a policy framework a digital library is little more than a container for content. Policy governs how a digital library is instantiated and run. It is therefore a meta-domain which is situated both outside the digital library and any technologies used to deliver it, and within the digital library itself. Policy is also a key aspect of digital library and digit...

Innocenti, Perla; Smith, Mackenzie; Ashley, Kevin; Ross, Seamus; Robbio, Antonella; Pfeiffenberger, Hans; Faundeen, John

2011-01-01

103

New Jersey Digital Legal Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Rutgers University Library for the Center for Law & Justice hosts the New Jersey Digital Legal Library in order "to enhance scholarly, practitioner, and public access to the materials of New Jersey law and legal history." The materials in this prodigious online collection are divided into 16 different sections, including decisions and court documents related to affordable housing, the Attorney General's office, and executive orders issued by the governor. One particularly compelling area is the Supreme Court of New Jersey Oral Arguments Archive section. Here visitors can view the oral arguments offered before the court from 2005 to the present day. Visitors shouldn't miss the Chief Justice Joseph Weintraub Lecture Archive. Here they will find talks dating back to 1981 on topics such as "American History and the Study of Constitutional Law" and "Principled Decisions."

104

Usability evaluation of digital libraries: a tutorial  

OpenAIRE

This one-day tutorial is an introduction to usability evaluation for Digital Libraries. In particular, we will introduce Claims Analysis. This approach focuses on the designers’ motivations and reasons for making particular design decisions and examines the effect on the user’s interaction with the system. The general approach, as presented by Carroll and Rosson(1992), has been tailored specifically to the design of digital libraries. Digital libraries are notoriously...

Fields, B.; Keith, S.; Blandford, A.

2003-01-01

105

Performance Measurement for Digital Library Services  

OpenAIRE

Aim of this literature review is to draw a picture of past and current research on performance measurement, as applies to digital library services and, at large, to the digital environment, thus consisted of electronic information services and resources. The review starts with a statement of the topic and a tentative definition of digital library to be used as a comparing model for any attempt to measure its performance. A virtuous cycle of good library management puts users and the provis...

Fraticelli, Clementina

2005-01-01

106

Knowledge Organization Systems for Semantic Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

As the traditional knowledge organization systems (KOS) like classification, thesauri are paving way for ontologies, transtechnological data models and semantic networks of data exchange provide impetus for developing semantic digital libraries. This paper attempts to find the KOS in the early digital libraries, and how they can be integrated with the digital library architectures using emergent semantic technologies and data. Metadata remains as a core area at the heart o...

Babu, Preedip Balaji; Sarangi, Amit K.; Madalli, Devika P.

2012-01-01

107

Digital Radiology Image Learning Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Digital Radiology Image Learning Library (DRILL) is designed as an interactive teaching tool targeted to the radiologic community. The DRILL pilot comprises a comprehensive mammographic information base consisting of factual data in a relational database, an extensive knowledge base in semantic nets and high-resolution images. A flexible query module permits the user to browse and retrieve examination data, case discussions, and related images. Other applications, including expert systems, instructional programs, and skill building exercises, can be accessed through well-defined software constructs

108

Bulgarian Folk Songs in a Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

The paper presents the main results of an ongoing project aimed at the development of technologies for digitization of Bulgarian folk music and building a heterogeneous digital library with Bulgarian folk songs presented with their music, notes and text. An initial digitization and preservation of the Bulgarian cultural heritage starts by means of digitization and insertion into the library of over 1000 songs that were recorded and written down during the 60s and 70s of XX c...

Peycheva, Lozanka; Kirov, Nikolay

2011-01-01

109

The Digital Library: A Biography. Strategies and Tools for the Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report draws on the results of a survey and case studies of Digital Library Federation (DLF) members (Council on Library and Information Resources - CLIR). The survey was intended to document how DLF member libraries are focusing their digital library programs: how and under what circumstances their programs were initiated; the influences…

Greenstein, Daniel; Thorin, Suzanne E.

110

Pitts Theology Library: Digital Image Archive  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at Emory University, the Pitts Theology Library has a number of digital archives that are worthy of mention. This particular one brings together over 28,000 images of biblical illustrations. The archive also includes engravings of church buildings and religious leaders. Visitors can search the archive by call number or Bible verse, which is a rather helpful way to look for items of interest. Visitors are also encouraged to use these images for use in church publications, research papers, and other educational settings. Also, visitors can use the "Revised Common Lectionary" area to identify commonly used items, like Gospel lessons and Hebrew Bible lessons. The site is rounded out by a "FAQ" area and a link to the Library's main Special Collection site.

111

Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

Rajab Abd al-Hamed

2007-09-01

112

Application of Cloud Technology in Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly a...

Kishore Kumar, D.; Yssr Murthy; Ramakrishna, D.; Akurati Venkat Rohit

2012-01-01

113

Digital Library Activities in Europe: A Brief Overview  

OpenAIRE

The article is a brief overview of the digital library activities happening in the last decade in Europe. At first the definitions of the digital library was discussed. Then in the main part of the article the programs and projects on the digital library taking place in Europe are described briefly at three levels, which are digital library activities across Europe, national digital library activities and local digital library activities. In addition to the programs and projects several examp...

Jia Liu

2005-01-01

114

Digital Library of IIITM-K – Experiences of Next Generation resource centre  

OpenAIRE

Digital Library has many features that make it distinct from traditional libraries. These features make it an excellent medium to address information and interaction services related to quality of education, and management of learning environments. While the paper libraries have become very expensive and are the prerogative of only a few well endowed institutions, Digital Libraries make these services and more at affordable costs. This will remove the digital divide between developed and deve...

Srinivasan, K.; Laxmi, B. V.; Sahay, Manjul; Singhal, Abhay; Srivathsan, K. R.

2002-01-01

115

Evaluation of digital libraries using snowball sampling  

OpenAIRE

This article describes how snowball sampling was applied in two different cases to evaluate digital collections. The first digital library was evaluated by conducting in–person interviews with survey participants. For the second digital library, an e–mail survey was mailed to site users. The results are compared and a cost–benefit analysis is provided. The author concludes that the convenience of an e–mail survey is not necessarily the most effective way to survey users.

Peterson, Elaine

2005-01-01

116

NCSTRL: Design and Deployment of a Globally Distributed Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the development of a digital library architecture that allows the creation of digital libraries within the World Wide Web. Describes a digital library, NCSTRL (Networked Computer Science Technical Research Library), within which the work has taken place and explains Dienst, a protocol and architecture for distributed digital libraries.…

Davies, James R.; Lagoze, Carl

2000-01-01

117

MyLibrary: A Digital Library Framework and Toolkit  

OpenAIRE

This article describes a digital library framework and toolkit called MyLibrary. At its heart, MyLibrary is designed to create relationships between information resources and people. To this end, MyLibrary is made up of essentially four parts: (1) information resources, (2) patrons, (3) librarians, and (4) a set of locally defined, institution-specific facet/term combinations interconnecting the first three. On another level, MyLibrary is a set of object-oriented Perl modules intended ...

Morgan, Eric Lease

2013-01-01

118

Programming Not Required: Skills and Knowledge for the Digital Library Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

Education for Library and Information professionals in managing the digital environment has been a key topic for discussion within the LIS environment for some time. However, before designing and implementing a program for digital library education, it is prudent to ensure that the skills and knowledge required to work in this environment are…

Howard, Katherine

2010-01-01

119

Experimental OAI-Based Digital Library Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of Open Archives Initiative (OAI) is to develop a simple, lightweight framework to facilitate the discovery of content in distributed archives (http://www.openarchives.org). The focus of the workshop held at the 5th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL 2001) was to bring researchers in the area of digital libraries who are building OAI based systems so as to share their experiences, problems they are facing, and approaches they are taking to address them. The workshop consisted of invited talks from well-established researchers working in building OAI based digital library system along with short paper presentations.

Nelson, Michael L. (Editor); Maly, Kurt (Editor); Zubair, Mohammad (Editor); Rusch-Feja, Diann (Editor)

2002-01-01

120

Study of Selected Digital Libraries at National Level  

OpenAIRE

This study mainly describes various aspects of Digital Library its contents, components, characteristics, emerging technologies in Digital library. This study also emphasizes on its genesis, need, digitization process, technical issues, advantages, problems and their future. Today there are umpteen numbers of Digital Libraries worldwide; some of the important Digital Libraries in India have been highlighted here. Major ten Digital libraries were analysed in order to study web pages like autho...

Lihitkar, Shalini; Ghade, Vibha

2010-01-01

121

Converting To Digital Library in Banking Organizations : Case Study For Library of Central Bank of Libya  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A Case study For Library of Central Bank of Libya, it deals the converting to a digital library. It start with an introduction about digital libraries, and technology in libraries, then deal Library of Central Bank of Libya, and it current situation, then states the plan to be converted to digital library.

Asmaa Basher Abou Louefa

2005-05-01

122

Converting To Digital Library in Banking Organizations : Case Study For Library of Central Bank of Libya  

OpenAIRE

A Case study For Library of Central Bank of Libya, it deals the converting to a digital library. It start with an introduction about digital libraries, and technology in libraries, then deal Library of Central Bank of Libya, and it current situation, then states the plan to be converted to digital library.

Asmaa Basher Abou Louefa

2005-01-01

123

Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ as parts of the European Digital Mathematics Library EuDML  

OpenAIRE

The paper presents in brief the Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and the Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ. Both libraries use the open source software DSpace and both are partners in the European Digital Mathematics Library EuDML. We describe their content and metadata schemas; outline the architecture system and overview the statistics of its use.

Rakosnik, Jiri; Stanchev, Peter; Simeonov, George; Pavlov, Radoslav

2012-01-01

124

A Global Approach to Digital Library Evaluation  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes the key advances on digital library evaluation research. The paper provides a comparison of the existing models, the current research questions in this area, an integrated LIS-oriented evaluation framework, and a selection of international projects.

Giuseppina Vullo

2010-01-01

125

Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Within a digital library, collections may range from an ad hoc set of objects that serve a temporary purpose to established library collections intended to persist through time. The objects in these collections vary widely, from library and data center holdings to pointers to real-world objects, such as geographic places, and the various metadata schemas that describe them. The key to integrated use of such a variety of collections in a digital library is collection metadata that represents the inherent and contextual characteristics of a collection. The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project has designed and implemented collection metadata for several purposes: in XML form, the collection metadata "registers" the collection with the user interface client; in HTML form, it is used for user documentation; eventually, it will be used to describe the collection to network search agents; and it is used for internal collection management, including mapping the object metadata attributes to the common search parameters of the system.

Hill, Linda L.; Janee, Greg; Dolin, Ron; Frew, James; Larsgaard, Mary

1999-01-01

126

Second CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Rabat, Morroco  

CERN Document Server

2nd CERN-UNESCO training on digital libraries in Africa, held at CNRST / IMIST, Rabat. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories

Jérôme Caffaro

2010-01-01

127

Third CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Dakar, Senegal  

CERN Multimedia

3rd CERN-UNESCO workshop on digital libraries in Africa, held at Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories.

Nikolaos Kasioumis

2011-01-01

128

A Digital Library Resource Web Site: Project DL.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes Project DL whose goal was to provide a Web site where diverse information sources on digital libraries are available. Discusses the Web site design at the University of Missouri-Columbia that includes three sections: digital library collections, digital library resources, and digital library Web sites. (Author/LRW)

Kochtanek, Thomas R.; Hein, Karen K.; Kassim, Ahmad Rafee Che

2001-01-01

129

Users Views about the Usability of Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined users' views about the usability of digital libraries' current and perceived importance. Age, gender, prior experience with the Internet, college status, and digital library proficiency are the independent variables. Users' current views about the usability of digital libraries and users perceived importance of digital library

Koohang, Alex; Ondracek, James

2005-01-01

130

The State of Development of Digital Libraries in Poland  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of development of Polish digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach: The paper describes the establishment of the first digital library in Poland, the creation of the Wielkopolska Digital Library and other regional digital libraries. The organisational and technological solutions used…

Gorny, Miroslaw; Catlow, John; Lewandowski, Rafal

2010-01-01

131

Adapting Digital Libraries to Continual Evolution  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we describe five investment streams (data storage infrastructure, knowledge management, data production control, data transport and security, and personnel skill mix) that need to be balanced against short-term operating demands in order to maximize the probability of long-term viability of a digital library. Because of the rapid pace of information technology change, a digital library cannot be a static institution. Rather, it has to become a flexible organization adapted to continuous evolution of its infrastructure.

Barkstrom, Bruce R.; Finch, Melinda; Ferebee, Michelle; Mackey, Calvin

2002-01-01

132

An Overview of Invenio Digital Library Software  

CERN Multimedia

Invenio is a free, open source software suite that will enable you to run your own digital library or document repository on the web. The software covers all the stages of digital library management from document ingestion through to classification, indexing, curation and finally, dissemination. Invenio complies with the OAI metadata harvesting protocol and uses MARC21 as its underlying bibliographic format, hence facilitating the sharing of resources between repositories worldwide.

CERN-IT-UDS-CDS; Audiovisual Service

2011-01-01

133

Bibliografia sobre o fluxo do documento na biblioteca digital - Bibliography of the digital document flow in the digital library  

OpenAIRE

International selective and annotated bibliography about the major information sources related to the document flow in a digital library. Topics covered are: definitions of digital library, project and architecture of a digital library, library standards, digitization, collection development, bibliographic control, cataloging, classification, Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, metadata, ontology, digital preservation, information access, interface, interoperability, digital re...

Cunha, Murilo

2009-01-01

134

Digital Collections, Digital Libraries and the Digitization of Cultural Heritage Information.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the development of digital collections and digital libraries. Topics include digitization of cultural heritage information; broadband issues; lack of compelling content; training issues; types of materials being digitized; sustainability; digital preservation; infrastructure; digital images; data mining; and future possibilities for…

Lynch, Clifford

2002-01-01

135

Collaborative digital library of historical resources: Evaluation of first users  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes the digital library of historical resources, a research project which involves building a testbed for the purpose of developing and testing new collaborative digital library functionality and presents an initial analysis of the digital library's public use on the web. The digital library is modeled to focus on serving secondary students information needs in conducting history projects. As such, in the implementation of the digital library, the use of onl...

Abdullah, A.; Zainab, A. N.

2013-01-01

136

Collaborative digital library of historical resources : Evaluation of first users  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes the digital library of historical resources, a research project which involves building a testbed for the purpose of developing and testing new collaborative digital library functionality and presents an initial analysis of the digital library's public use on the web. The digital library is modeled to focus on serving secondary students information needs in conducting history projects. As such, in the implementation of the digital library, the use of online resources woul...

Abdullah, Abrizah; Zainab, A. N.

2007-01-01

137

The Digital Reference Collection in Academic Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Reference services and reference collections in academic libraries are going through significant changes. In this paper, some of the issues prevalent today in building and maintaining digital reference collections will be discussed, such as: presentation and organization, marketing, use, and selection of digital reference resources.

Osorio, Nestor L.

2012-01-01

138

Digital preservation for libraries, archives, and museums  

CERN Document Server

Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, & Museums is designed for all types of information professionals who are interested in digital preservation. This is not a how-to book giving step-by-step processes for certain materials in a given kind of system. Instead, it addresses a broad group of resources that could be housed in any number of digital preservation systems. Finally, this book is about "Things (not technology; not how-to; not theory) I wish I had known before I got started." It is divided into four parts based on the Digital Preservation Triad: Situating Digital Preservation, I

Corrado, Edward M

2014-01-01

139

Ethics Education Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), the Ethics Education Library seeks "to connect people interested in developing new and interesting ethics training methods and programs, to disseminate best practices and tools that have already been developed, and to ultimately foster the creation of new methods and programs for teaching students about ethical issues inherent in research and practice." Visitors to the site can take advantage of the Browse feature to look for online tutorials, syllabi, teaching modules, and case studies. The case studies section has over 5,500 items, some of which are available in full and all of which have an abstract for perusal. Additionally, visitors can use the Publications area to find books, journal articles and other published materials relating to all areas of ethics education. These materials are arranged topically into sections that include bioethics, business ethics, and media ethics. Finally, visitors can scroll through the Ethics News on the right-hand side of the page for more information about current appearances of ethics in the daily news.

2012-05-11

140

My Three Wishes for Digital Repositories. Building Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

In this column on digital repository management, the author defines three areas within the sphere of digital repositories that need work. The first two pertain to information architecture, while the last one pertains to taking action. The author's first "wish" is for top-notch library Web sites that act as a gateway to any sphere of knowledge. He…

Huwe, Terence K.

2005-01-01

141

Perceptions of Library Staff Regarding Challenges of Developing Digital Libraries: The Case of an Iranian University  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The present research aims to identify the difficulties and obstacles for developing digital libraries in the seven regional branches of Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran, and to study the status of librarians' skills and education programmes at these institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The 40 individuals working in the regional…

Mohsenzadeh, Faranak; Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Alireza

2011-01-01

142

Application of Cloud Technology in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly attractive choices which is challenged by both growth inthe size of the indexed document collection, new features and most prominently usage. With thepurpose of applying Cloud Computing to university library, the paper describes the currentstatus of user service models in university libraries. Then it proposed to improve current userservice model with Cloud Computing. This paper explores some of the security issuessurrounding data location, mobility and availability.

D Kishore Kumar

2012-05-01

143

Management of the Life Cycle of Digital Library Materials  

OpenAIRE

This paper does not deal in any detail with digital preservation, rather it examines the development of digital content and digital libraries in the broader content of digital developments and library developments. Implicit throughout this is the need to create or acquire digital content for long-term access, which means that preservation needs must be foregrounded at all stages of the digital lifecycle.

Marilyn Deegan

2001-01-01

144

Neuro-Opthalmology Virtual Education Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Crafted by a team of scholars from the Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library, the University of Utah, and the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society, the Neuro-Ophthalmology Virtual Education Library (NOVEL) is an open access repository of digital materials to be used for educational and research purposes. Visitors can browse through twenty different collections that are searchable by contributing educator or by organization. Additionally, visitors can use the search engine to look for specific items such as eye anatomy charts, information about eye diseases, and so on. If interested, visitors can even learn how to contribute education materials themselves or add to NOVEL's wiki. Feedback on the site is encouraged and those interested and able can also make a donation to help keep the project running.

145

Digital Morphology: A National Science Foundation Digital Library at The University of Texas at Austin  

Science.gov (United States)

The Digital Morphology library from the University of Texas-Austin is "a dynamic archive of information on digital morphology and high-resolution x-ray computed tomography of biological specimens." The library offers fascinating 2D and 3D visualizations of vertebrate internal and external structures -- as well as a growing number of invertebrates -- representing over 100 specimens from university and museum collections around the world. The library may be browsed by scientific or common name, or by cladogram. Many images in the collection include detailed annotations, some contributed by experts in the field. While the Digital Morphology library serves as important resource for education and "ongoing cutting-edge research efforts," the spectacular images definitely make this Web site worth visiting just for fun.

146

The Florida folklike digitization and education project  

OpenAIRE

The State Library and Archives of Florida’s Florida Folklife Digitization and Education Project was a two–year IMLS–funded project intended to enhance access to the Florida Folklife Collection, to develop educational resources based on the Collection, and to make these cultural and educational resources accessible to lifelong learners on the Florida Memory Project Web site at http://www.floridamemory.com.

Norman, Joanna

2007-01-01

147

Digital Libraries and Digitisation: An Overview and Critique  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides an overview of some of the main areas surrounding the broad topic of "Digital Libraries". This includes the advantages and costs of digitisation; the traditional and digital library; the library community and digitisation; and an examination of various digital library projects. It is not exhaustive, but hopefully, it provides…

Rikowski, Ruth

2008-01-01

148

??????????????????? Metropolitan Digital Library Services Evaluation: Measures and Approaches  

OpenAIRE

On the basis of the investigating the digital library evaluation from domestic and abroad, this paper reviews the evaluation model and measurements according to the digital library activities by metropolitans. Through literature review and historical research, the author argues that the digital library’s evaluation is still on a research stage and not applicable to value the real achievement of the DL in function. Because of the variety of the understandings of the digital library and the c...

Liu, Wei

2007-01-01

149

Design and development of digital library : an initiative of TISS  

OpenAIRE

Digital Libraries are the systems providing users the organised information access to repository of information and services at knowledge base. Ultimately, it is the demand for high quality content and ease of access and use that will drive the initiation and development of digital libraries. The major objectives and principles of digital library have been narrated with applied knowledge system at TISS library. The functional components of the Digital Library have been presented as a model f...

Koganuramath, M. M.; Angadi, Mallikarjun

2003-01-01

150

News from the Library: A one-stop-shop for computing literature: ACM Digital Library  

CERN Multimedia

The Association for Computing Machinery, ACM, is the world’s largest educational and scientific computing society. Among others, the ACM provides the computing field's premier Digital Library and serves its members and the computing profession with leading-edge publications, conferences, and career resources.   ACM Digital Library is available to the CERN community. The most popular journal here at CERN is Communications of the ACM. However, the collection offers access to a series of other valuable important academic journals such as Journal of the ACM and even fulltext of a series of classical books. In addition, users have access to the ACM Guide to Computing Literature, the most comprehensive bibliographic database focusing on computing, integrated with ACM’s full-text articles and including features such as ACM Author Profile Pages - which provides bibliographic and bibliometric data for over 1,000,000 authors in the field. ACM Digital Library is an excellent com...

CERN Library

2011-01-01

151

DOI: Current Status and Outlook [and] The Virtual Naval Hospital: Lessons Learned in Creating and Operating a Digital Health Sciences Library for Nomadic Patrons [and] Interoperability for Digital Objects and Repositories: The Cornell/CNRI Experiments [and] Education for Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the origin of the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) as a persistent identifier for managing copyrighted materials and its development; creation of the U.S. Navy digital health sciences library for isolated primary care providers and their patients; Cornell and CNRI prototype architecture for interoperable digital objects and repositories;…

Paskin, Norman; D'Alessandro, Michael P.; D'Alessandro, Donna M.; Hendrix, Mary J. C.; Bakalar, Richard S.; Ashley, Denis E.; Payette, Dandra; Blanchi, Christophe; Lagoze, Carl; Overly, Edward A.; Spink, Amanda

1999-01-01

152

Geographic location as an access model to library collections – a pilot project of European Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the frames of the European eContentplus project European Digital Library (EDL a pilot GIS application was integrated in The European Library (TEL portal. The application was realized in the cooperation between the National and University Library of Slovenia and the Geodetic Institute of Slovenia. The pilot GIS application represents the beginning of the development of digital geolibrary where a map is the starting point leading to different geodifferentiated resources. At the same time, it also represents an upgrade of the static presentation of different kinds of digitised materials in the library, as well as an attempt of interdisciplinary presentation with additional educational value. The goal, content, methodology and the results of the pilot GIS application are presented in the article.

Dalibor Radovan

2007-01-01

153

Key Concepts in the Architecture of the Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A discussion to an important report which defined the main principles for digital libraries architecture , the 8 principles are ; The technical framework exists within a legal and social framework , Understanding of digital library concepts is hampered by terminology, The underlying architecture should be separate from the content stored in the library , Names and identifiers are the basic building block for the digital library , Digital library objects are more than collections of bits , The digital library object that is used is different from the stored object , Repositories must look after the information they hold , Users want intellectual works, not digital objects.

William Arms

2004-06-01

154

USGS Digital Spectral Library splib05a  

Science.gov (United States)

We have assembled a digital reflectance spectral library of spectra that covers wavelengths from the ultraviolet to near-infrared along with sample documentation. The library includes samples of minerals, rocks, soils, physically constructed as well as mathematically computed mixtures, vegetation, microorganisms, and man-made materials. The samples and spectra collected were assembled for the purpose of using spectral features for the remote detection of these and similar materials.

Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Wise, Richard K.; Livo, Eric; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Sutley, Steve J.

2003-01-01

155

A Global Approach to Digital Library Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes the key advances on digital library evaluation research. The paper provides a comparison of the existing models, the current research questions in this area, an integrated LIS-oriented evaluation framework, and a selection of international projects.

Giuseppina Vullo

2010-09-01

156

Exploiting music structures for digital libraries.  

OpenAIRE

This demonstration presents a music structure-based audio/visual interface for the navigation of very large scale music digital libraries. This work is a product of the Structural Analysis of Large Amounts of Music Information (SALAMI) project. © 2011 Authors.

Ehmann, Af; Bay, M.; Downie, Js; Fujinaga, I.; Roure, Dd; Newton, G.; Wright, M.; Cassel, Ln

2011-01-01

157

Some Observations on Metadata and Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes experiences in gathering together metadata from heterogeneous sources for the American Memory project of the Library of Congress, particularly for the collections digitized and cataloged at other institutions. It also reflects on several initiatives to develop rich structured metadata schemes for specific domains and to find…

Arms, Caroline R.

158

SEARCH ENGINE TECHNOLOGY: DIGITAL LIBRARY PERSPECTIVE  

OpenAIRE

The paper introduces the navigation of digital libraries .and reviews most prominent problems confronting retrieval engine like multiple content sources, distributed documents problem. multiple language problem, inaccurate queries problem and availability of classification schemes problem etc it traces various solutions in terms of technologies developed for search engine retrieval like Mew data extraction by various methods viz automatic extraction of words, structural analysis, normalizatio...

Shafi, S. M.

2006-01-01

159

Anatomy Atlases: A Digital Library of Anatomy Information  

Science.gov (United States)

This collection of atlases and textbooks is intended to educate patients, healthcare providers, and students in anatomy. Topics include human anatomy, human anatomy in cross-section, microscopic anatomy, anatomy of first aid, human anatomic variation, and osteology. The collection includes both historic and modern atlases, is searchable by keyword or term, and includes a frequently-asked-questions feature. Other materials include user reviews and links to related digital libraries.

160

Digital Library Initiatives in PRL  

OpenAIRE

Information Technology (IT) is most commonly used to mean computer technology and communication technology. The technologies of optical/video systems like CD-ROMs are also included in the computers group by the books and periodicals on computer technology. For a librarian IT has a wider connotation, which includes the technologies and systems like microfilms, microfiches, CD-ROM, computers, information networks, etc. It includes all those technologies which the libraries and information ce...

Anilkumar, Nishtha

2003-01-01

161

Interoperability in Digital Library Systems: Content Analyzing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are many problems in identifying, searching and retrieving valuable information materials on the web. Hence, digital libraries try to find solutions to interact with each other and other information centers to make accessible the valuable information. In fact, in case of interaction among libraries, there would be the possibility of accessing valuable information globally. This paper is an attempt to identify interoperability models and also the main components important for implementing interoperability projects. A survey of performed projects in this field reveals that this type of activities started from 1998, and the number of such projects increased since 2003. Also, a preliminary study reveals that   more than 50 percent of these projects originate from US. There are, in fact, three levels of interoperability: Technical, Content, and Organizational Interoperability. Considering the fact that this research emphasizes on technical level, the findings show that most digital libraries use OAI protocol, XML, and Dublin Core metadata standard.

Mehdi Alipour Hafezi

2010-12-01

162

York Digital Library : an ecological view of interactions and systems  

OpenAIRE

This case study of York Digital Library examines the development of a digital library of images at the University of York. In particular, it examines the project phase of the Fedora-based digital library and its provision of service to the History of Art department. The case study examines the technical, cultural, and human interactions of the digital library using the metaphor of an ecosystem. This approach is based on earlier work by the Repositories Research Team

Robertson, R. J.; Allinson, J.

2009-01-01

163

Building the Digital Branch A Library Technology Report  

CERN Document Server

This issue of Library Technology Reports explores the idea of the digital branch-a library website that is a vital, functional resource for patrons and enhances the library's place within its community.

King, David Lee

2009-01-01

164

Adoption of open source digital library software packages: a survey  

OpenAIRE

Open source digital library packages are gaining popularity nowadays. To build a digital library under economical conditions open source software is preferable. This paper tries to identify the extent of adoption of open source digital library software packages in various organizations through an online survey. It lays down the findings from the survey.

Jose, Sanjo

2007-01-01

165

The Inquiry Page: Bringing Digital Libraries to Learners.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital library development, particularly a national science digital library, and describes the Inquiry Page which focuses on building a constructivist environment using Web resources, collaborative processes, and knowledge that bridges digital libraries with users in K-12 schools, museums, community groups, or other organizations. (LRW)

Bruce, Bertram C.; Bishop, Ann Peterson; Heidorn, P. Bryan; Lunsford, Karen J.; Poulakos, Steven; Won, Mihye

2003-01-01

166

Search features of digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

Traditional on-line search services such as Dialog, DataStar and Lexis provide a wide range of search features (boolean and proximity operators, truncation, etc). This paper discusses the use of these features for effective searching, and argues that these features are required, regardless of advances in search engine technology. The literature on on-line searching is reviewed, identifying features that searchers find desirable for effective searching. A selective survey of current digital li...

Smith, Alastair G.

2000-01-01

167

The Profiles in Science Digital Library: Behind the Scenes  

OpenAIRE

This demonstration shows the Profiles in Science® digital library. Profiles in Science contains digitized selections from the personal manuscript collections of prominent biomedical researchers, medical practitioners, and those fostering science and health. The Profiles in Science Web site1 is the delivery mechanism for content derived from the digital library system. The system is designed according to our basic principles for digital library development [1]. The digital l...

Gallagher, Marie E.; Moffatt, Christie

2012-01-01

168

Educational power of public libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Education services also define the activities of Slovene public libraries. In planning targeted services they are often faced with development lagging. The accelerated progress in this field also reminds them of their lagging and points to a very uneven development and quality level of library activities in the various environments they are centered in. Perhaps due to such conditions public libraries do not excell in developing activities to satisfy education needs of their users. Even so, some successful cases point to the fact that libraries know how to act and could be successful under suitable conditions. The article presents an overview on how the law-defined needs for liferlong education (learning, education of users and information literacy, are meet through aquisition policies and through the realisation of different events taking into account the various levels of literacy of the participating population. The analysis of available reports and data point to the fact that libraries could be more successful if supported by increased expert help backed by financial aid.

Silva Novljan

2004-01-01

169

A Coleção Linhares em meio digital / Linhares Collection digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O Projeto "Criação da Biblioteca Digital Linhares", elaborado por pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, teve como objetivo conceber e implementar metodologia para preservar e dar acesso à Coleção Linhares, constituída por jornais, revistas e panfletos publicados em Belo Horiz [...] onte e colecionados por Joaquim Nabuco Linhares desde 1895, até a sua morte em 1945. Foi adquirida a preço simbólico pela UFMG, em 1976, e depositada na Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. A coleção, considerada de grande importância para a história da imprensa de Belo Horizonte, se encontrava em acelerado processo de deterioração. A biblioteca digital foi construída com base na proposta metodológica do processo híbrido, que preconiza a utilização da microfilmagem para preservar o acervo e a digitalização, via microfilme, para proporcionar o acesso. O projeto foi desenvolvido de forma colaborativa, envolvendo pesquisadores e servidores da Escola de Ciência da Informação, do Departamento de História e da Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. Disponível em: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br Abstract in english Linhares Digital Library Project, carried out by researchers and technical staff of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG, aimed the development and implementation of a digital library methodology to provide access and preservation for newspapers, magazines and pamphlets published in Belo Horizo [...] nte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collected by Joaquim Linhares, since his early youth in 1895, to his death in 1945. The collection was acquired by UFMG from Linhares' inheritors, at a nominal sum and deposited at the University Library. The importance of the collection for the history of Belo Horizonte's press has been highly emphasized by many scholars in the last decades, but the materials had been seriously affected by paper acidity and human damages. The digital library took the hybrid process format: microfilming of the materials to guarantee the preservation aspect and also, the digitalization from the microfilms to provide access. Available at: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br

Vilma Moreira dos, Santos; Silvana Aparecida Silva dos, Santos; Luiz Henrique dos, Santos.

2011-12-01

170

Developing Digital Library: A Model for Kwara State Polytechnic Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Advancement in development of Information and Communication Technology as engendered by invention of Internet has fundamentally altered the ways libraries accomplish their traditional missions of selecting, organizing, preserving, and providing access to information. This paper mainly focuses on planning, designing and management of Digital library. It covers mission and scope, time frame, evaluation, assessment and infrastructures required. The paper also discusses the needs for Digital library, basic facilities to keep the technology functioning and enhancement of user awareness. A Local Area Network (LAN setup is proposed for Kwara State Polytechnic. Estimated cost of hardware and software requirements is also provided.

Raji, Ayodele Kamaldeen

2013-02-01

171

The Next Stage: Moving from Isolated Digital Collections to Interoperable Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents a conceptual framework for digital library development and discusses how to move from isolated digital collections to interoperable digital libraries. Topics include a history of digital libraries; user-centered architecture; stages of technological development; standards, including metadata; and best practices. (Author/LRW)

Besser, Howard

2002-01-01

172

Usage Analysis for the Identification of Research Trends in Digital Libraries; Keepers of the Crumbling Culture: What Digital Preservation Can Learn from Library History; Patterns of Journal Use by Scientists through Three Evolutionary Phases; Developing a Content Management System-Based Web Site; Exploring Charging Models for Digital Cultural Heritage in Europe; Visions: The Academic Library in 2012.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that discuss use analysis and research trends in digital libraries; library history and digital preservation; journal use by scientists; a content management system-based Web site for higher education in the United Kingdom; cost studies for transitioning to digitized collections in European cultural institutions; and the…

Bollen, Johan; Vemulapalli, Soma Sekara; Xu, Weining; Luce, Rick; Marcum, Deanna; Friedlander, Amy; Tenopir, Carol; Grayson, Matt; Zhang, Yan; Ebuen, Mercy; King, Donald W.; Boyce, Peter; Rogers, Clare; Kirriemuir, John; Tanner, Simon; Deegan, Marilyn; Marcum, James W.

2003-01-01

173

The Indonesian digital library network is born to struggle with the digital divide  

OpenAIRE

IndonesiaDLN –The Indonesian Digital Library Network– is a distributed collection of digital library networks, digital library servers, full local contents, metadata, and people for the development of the Indonesian knowledge-based society. Beside the general issues of digital library such as publishing, quality control, authentication, networking, and information retrieval, we also face other issue –namely digital divide– in designing and implementing the Network. This paper describe...

Fahmi, Ismail

2001-01-01

174

Management of the Life Cycle of Digital Library Materials  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper does not deal in any detail with digital preservation, rather it examines the development of digital content and digital libraries in the broader content of digital developments and library developments. Implicit throughout this is the need to create or acquire digital content for long-term access, which means that preservation needs must be foregrounded at all stages of the digital lifecycle.

Marilyn Deegan

2001-07-01

175

Distributed digital music archives and libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The main goal of this research program is to develop and evaluate practices, frameworks, and tools for the design and construction of worldwide distributed digital music archives and libraries. Over the last few millennia, humans have amassed an enormous amount of musical information that is scattered around the world. It is becoming abundantly clear that the optimal path for acquisition is to distribute the task of digitizing the wealth of historical and cultural heritage material that exists in analogue formats, which may include books and manuscripts related to music, music scores, photographs, videos, audio tapes, and phonograph records. In order to achieve this goal, libraries, museums, and archives throughout the world, large or small, need well-researched policies, proper guidance, and efficient tools to digitize their collections and to make them available economically. The research conducted within the program addresses unique and imminent challenges posed by the digitization and dissemination of music media. The are four major research projects in progress: development and evaluation of digitization methods for preservation of analogue recordings; optical music recognition using microfilms; design of workflow management system with automatic metadata extraction; and formulation of interlibrary communication strategies.

Fujinaga, Ichiro

2005-09-01

176

Digital Libraries on INTERNET as a key for the upgrading of information and library services  

OpenAIRE

The qualitative upgrading of the services offered by libraries and information services are connected with the existence and operation of digital libraries in the Internet. Definitions are presented, while distinction between terms like electronic, digital and virtual library as well as Libraries Networks and libraries consortia are provided. A brief reference to a number of the most important publishers, involved in the area of digital information provision, follows. The various components o...

Tsimpoglou, Filippos

1999-01-01

177

Iowa Digital Library: Stradivari String Quartet Recordings  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at the University of Iowa, the Stradivari String Quartet is well regarded in classical music circles for their fine playing and their dedication to breathing new life into standards of the repertoire. Recently, the University of Iowa Libraries decided to digitize a number of their historical recordings for inclusion in the Iowa Digital Library project. First-time visitors may wish to start by listening to the concert from January 10, 1965, which features works by Joseph Hayden, Walter Piston, and Johannes Brahms. All told, there are 92 different musical offerings here, and visitors can search the collection by date, composer, or composition title. It's a nice set of musical offerings, and one that will be of great interest to musicologists and classical music enthusiasts.

178

Academic library user survey: Faculty of Education Library in Osijek  

OpenAIRE

The paper presents some results of the user study, conducted in 1998, among the users of the Osijek Faculty of Education Library. The objective of the study was to determine the scope of library usage, the degree of users’ dis/satisfaction with library services, holdings and the staff. The results indicate that there are differences in library usage between two main user groups – students and teachers. They differ, among other things, in the objectives of library visits, the scope of libr...

Kornelija Petr

2001-01-01

179

Scholarly Communication and the Digital Library: Problems and Issues  

OpenAIRE

This paper considers a range of definitions for a digital library from the perspective of scholarly communication and the properties of a traditional research library. It then explores some of the problems and issues involved in creating and maintaining a digital library, depending on the characteristics one wants it to have. The paper stresses the need to consider the requirements of scholarship and research as we build the digital libraries of the future.

Harter, Stephen P. School Of Library And Information Science

2006-01-01

180

Academic Digital Library Construction Evaluation: Measures and Approaches  

OpenAIRE

Through review norms, standards and practice related to academic digital library construction evaluation at home and abroad, on the basis of investigation and study on the digital library evaluation at home and abroad, for status quo of the academic digital library construction, using qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis method, with methods and indicators for the traditional library evaluation system as a reference coordinates, put forward a comprehensive evaluation index system of...

Wang, Qiyun

2008-01-01

181

Moving towards adaptive search in digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

Search applications have become very popular over the last two decades, one of the main drivers being the advent of the Web. Nevertheless, searching on the Web is very different to searching on smaller, often more structured collections such as digital libraries, local Web sites, and intranets. One way of helping the searcher locating the right information for a specific information need in such a collection is by providing well-structured domain knowledge to assist query modification and ...

Kruschwitz, Udo; Albakour, M-dyaa; Niu, Jinzhong; Leveling, Johannes; Nanas, Nikolaos; Kim, Yunhyong; Song, Dawei; Fasli, Maria; Roeck, Anne

2011-01-01

182

Interest-based Recommendation in Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

With the huge amount and large variety of information available in a digital library, it?s becoming harder and harder for users to identify and get hold of their interested documents. To alleviate the difficulty, personalized recommendation techniques have been developed. Current recommendation techniques rely on similarity between documents. In our work, recommendations are made based on three factors: similarity between documents, information amount, and information nov...

Yan Yang; Li, Jian Z.

2005-01-01

183

Multilingual Adaptive Search for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

We describe a framework for Adaptive Multilingual Information Retrieval (AMIR) which allows multilingual resource discovery and delivery using on-the-fly machine translation of documents and queries. Result documents are presented to the user in a contextualised manner. Challenges and affordances of both adaptive and multilingual IR, with a particular focus on digital libraries, are detailed. The framework components are motivated by a series of results from experiments on query logs and docu...

Wade, Vincent Patrick; O Connor, Alexander; Zhou, Dong; Lawless, Seamus; Ghorab, Mohammed Rami Elhussein

2011-01-01

184

Multilingual adaptive search for digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes a framework for Adaptive Multilingual Information Retrieval (AMIR) which allows multilingual resource discovery and delivery using on-the-?y machine translation of documents and queries. Result documents are presented to the user in a contextualised manner. Challenges and affordances of both Adaptive and Multilingual IR, with a particular focus on Digital Libraries, are detailed. The framework components are motivated by a series of results from experiments on query ...

Ghorab, M. Rami; Leveling, Johannes; Lawless, Seamus; O’connor, Alexander; Zhou, Dong; Jones, Gareth J. F.; Wade, Vincent

2011-01-01

185

The International Children's Digital Library Enhances the Multicultural Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author talks about the International Children's Digital Library (ICDL), an online digital library which gives students an opportunity to read and learn about other cultures and countries in a different way. The library's web site (http://www.icdlbooks.org) was designed by children, with the guidance and expertise of adults.…

Lemmons, Karen

2009-01-01

186

Lost Identity: The Assimilation of Digital Libraries into the Web  

Science.gov (United States)

The idea of Digital Libraries emerged in the early 1990s from a vision of a "library of the future", without walls and open 24 hours a day. These digital libraries would leverage the substantial investments of federal funding in the Internet and advanced computing for the benefit of the entire population. The world's knowledge would be a key press…

Lagoze, Carl Jay

2010-01-01

187

BIBLIOTECA DIGITAL: CONTENIDOS Y APRENDIZAJE / Digital library: contents and learning  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se hace referencia a la importancia de los contenidos en la biblioteca digital y propone algunos lineamientos como punto trascendente para la satisfacción de necesidades de los usuarios de servicios digitales de información. Así mismo, se brindan algunos parámetros para el desarrollo de contenidos d [...] idácticos y materiales de aprendizaje, y se proponen algunos elementos necesarios de considerar por los encargados del diseño de contenidos y recursos de bibliotecas digitales, con fines didácticos. Por tanto, ubica a las bibliotecas digitales en un entorno de aprendizaje y pondera el aprendizaje significativo sobre otros, con énfasis en el acervo, para que los usuarios obtengan un nuevo conocimiento. No se pretende manejar de forma exhaustiva o definir conceptos, sino establecer la relación entre ellos. Abstract in english This work treats the importance of the contents of the digital library and proposes some guidelines as a starting point toward user satisfaction in digital information services. At the same time, this article, with didactic goals in minds, offers some parameters for the development of didactic conte [...] nts and learning materials. It follows that digital libraries belong in the learning environment, with emphasis on learning and content, so that users learn something new. No pretence is made to deal with this issue in an exhaustive manner or to define concepts, but to establish a relationship between the two.

Brenda, Cabral Vargas.

2006-07-01

188

Developing Sustainable Digital Libraries: Socio-Technical Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

The increasing prevalence of digital information systems and technologies compels libraries across the globe to update systems and provide users with a digital experience outside the confines of the structural library, providing useful benefits to the user while creating new areas of concern such as digital information preservation. "Developing…

Ashraf, Tariq, Ed.; Sharma, Jaideep, Ed.; Gulati, Puja Anand, Ed.

2010-01-01

189

Digital Libraries and Repositories in India: An Evaluative Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify and evaluate the collections within digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. Design/methodology/approach: The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting digital

Mittal, Rekha; Mahesh, G.

2008-01-01

190

Visible threads: a smart VR interface to digital libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of information as a resource for economic growth and education is steadily increasing. Due to technological advances in computer industry and the explosive growth of the INternet much valuable information will be available in digital libraries. This paper introduces a system that aims to support a user's browsing activities in document sets retrieved from a digital library. Latent Semantic Analysis is applied to extract salient semantic structures and citation patterns of documents stored in a digital library in a comptutationally expensive batch job. At retrieval time, cluster techniques are used to organize retrieved documents into clusters according to the previously extracted semantic similarities. A modified Boltzman algorithm is employed to spatially organize the resulting clusters and their documents in the form of a 3D information landscape or 'i-scape'. THe i-scape is then displayed for interactive exploration via a multi- modal, virtual reality CAVE interface. Users' browsing activities are recorded and user models are extracted to give newcomers online help based on previous navigation activity as well as to enable experienced users to recognize and exploit past user traces. In this way, the system provides interactive services to assist users in the spatial navigation, interpretation, and detailed exploration of potentially large document sets matching a query.

Borner, Katy

2000-02-01

191

Baldwin Library of Children's Literature, Digital Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

The Baldwin Library Digital Collection at the University of Florida includes over 2500 fully digitized children's books, published in the United States and Great Britain between 1850 and 1900 (selected from more than more than 100,000 in the Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature, dating from the mid-1600s through 2007). Although baby-boomers may be disappointed in not finding their childhood favorites, it is nonetheless amazing to page through an illustrated edition of Little Red Riding Hood, published in 1895 by Raphael Tuck & Sons. Browsing through the list of recently added items also reveals the digital version of "Bill an' me": sum ov our adventers in de "Midway Plaisance", a souvenir book documenting two boys' adventures at the World's Columbian Exposition, the World's Fair held in Chicago in 1893. Books in the collection reflect the mores of the times in which they were published; for example, although the protagonists seem on the youthful side to 21st century eyes, Bill an me's adventures include the drinking of alcoholic beverages.

192

Smart Objects, Dumb Archives: A User-Centric, Layered Digital Library Framework  

Science.gov (United States)

Currently, there exist a large number of superb digital libraries, all of which are, unfortunately, vertically integrated and all presenting a monolithic interface to their users. Ideally, a user would want to locate resources from a variety of digital libraries dealing only with one interface. A number of approaches exist to this interoperability issue exist including: defining a universal protocol for all libraries to adhere to; or developing mechanisms to translate between protocols. The approach we illustrate in this paper is to push down the level of universal protocols to one for digital object communication and for communication for simple archives. This approach creates the opportunity for digital library service providers to create digital libraries tailored to the needs of user communities drawing from available archives and individual publishers who adhere to this standard. We have created a reference implementation based on the hyper text transfer protocol (http) with the protocols being derived from the Dienst protocol. We have created a special class of digital objects called buckets and a number of archives based on a NASA collection and NSF funded projects. Starting from NCSTRL we have developed a set of digital library services called NCSTRL+ and have created digital libraries for researchers, educators and students that can each draw on all the archives and individually created buckets.

Maly, Kurt; Nelson, Michael L.; Zubair, Mohammad

1999-01-01

193

Status of information resource organization in Iranian digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research aimed to determine the status of information resource organization in Iranian digital libraries. The research method was analytical survey. Researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data in order to study the status of research population about information resources organization. In fact, 38 Iranian digital libraries were made research population of this research. Findings showed that studied digital library applications have many capabilities to organize information resources. Some of these capabilities are relation between bibliographic records and related records in documentation format, Using Z39.50 in client side, allows entering group of resources, and so on. Moreover, digital libraries have a lot of chaos in organizing information resources. For instance, digital libraries just fill title, author, subject, publisher, year of publication, author (added entity in more than 70 percent for Farsi book database. This status is not demonstrated for other databases in digital libraries.

Hamed Alipour-Hafezi

2014-03-01

194

XML : Will it Change The Future of Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A study about eXtensible Mark up Language (XML and its applications in digital libraries, it begins with definition XML and its history and generations, then it defines the applications of XML in libraries at: libraries' web sites designing, electronic publishing, bibliographic data management, and views some real experiments about using XML in libraries.

Heba A. Sattar Moselhy

2004-06-01

195

USGS Digital Spectral Library splib06a  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction We have assembled a digital reflectance spectral library that covers the wavelength range from the ultraviolet to far infrared along with sample documentation. The library includes samples of minerals, rocks, soils, physically constructed as well as mathematically computed mixtures, plants, vegetation communities, microorganisms, and man-made materials. The samples and spectra collected were assembled for the purpose of using spectral features for the remote detection of these and similar materials. Analysis of spectroscopic data from laboratory, aircraft, and spacecraft instrumentation requires a knowledge base. The spectral library discussed here forms a knowledge base for the spectroscopy of minerals and related materials of importance to a variety of research programs being conducted at the U.S. Geological Survey. Much of this library grew out of the need for spectra to support imaging spectroscopy studies of the Earth and planets. Imaging spectrometers, such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Airborne Visible/Infra Red Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) or the NASA Cassini Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) which is currently orbiting Saturn, have narrow bandwidths in many contiguous spectral channels that permit accurate definition of absorption features in spectra from a variety of materials. Identification of materials from such data requires a comprehensive spectral library of minerals, vegetation, man-made materials, and other subjects in the scene. Our research involves the use of the spectral library to identify the components in a spectrum of an unknown. Therefore, the quality of the library must be very good. However, the quality required in a spectral library to successfully perform an investigation depends on the scientific questions to be answered and the type of algorithms to be used. For example, to map a mineral using imaging spectroscopy and the mapping algorithm of Clark and others (1990a, 2003b), one simply needs a diagnostic absorption band. The mapping system uses continuum-removed reference spectral features fitted to features in observed spectra. Spectral features for such algorithms can be obtained from a spectrum of a sample containing large amounts of contaminants, including those that add other spectral features, as long as the shape of the diagnostic feature of interest is not modified. If, however, the data are needed for radiative transfer models to derive mineral abundances from reflectance spectra, then completely uncontaminated spectra are required. This library contains spectra that span a range of quality, with purity indicators to flag spectra for (or against) particular uses. Acquiring spectral measurements and performing sample characterizations for this library has taken about 15 person-years of effort. Software to manage the library and provide scientific analysis capability is provided (Clark, 1980, 1993). A personal computer (PC) reader for the library is also available (Livo and others, 1993). The program reads specpr binary files (Clark, 1980, 1993) and plots spectra. Another program that reads the specpr format is written in IDL (Kokaly, 2005). In our view, an ideal spectral library consists of samples covering a very wide range of materials, has large wavelength range with very high precision, and has enough sample analyses and documentation to establish the quality of the spectra. Time and available resources limit what can be achieved. Ideally, for each mineral, the sample analysis would include X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron microprobe (EM) or X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and petrographic microscopic analyses. For some minerals, such as iron oxides, additional analyses such as Mossbauer would be helpful. We have found that to make the basic spectral measurements, provide XRD, EM or XRF analyses, and microscopic analyses, document the results, and complete an entry of one spectral library sample, all takes about

Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Wise, Richard A.; Livo, K. Eric; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Sutley, Stephen J.

2007-01-01

196

Structured Course Objects in a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

We are developing an Undergraduate Digital Library Framework (UDLF) that will support creation/archiving of courses and reuse of existing course material to evolve courses. UDLF supports the publication of course materials for later instantiation for a specific offering and allows the addition of time-dependent and student-specific information and structures. Instructors and, depending on permissions, students can access the general course materials or the materials for a specific offering. We are building a reference implementation based on NCSTRL+, a digital library derived from NCSTRL. Digital objects in NCSTRL+ are called buckets, self-contained entities that carry their own methods for access and display. Current bucket implementations have a two level structure of packages and elements. This is not a rich enough structure for course objects in UDLF. Typically, courses can only be modeled as a multilevel hierarchy and among different courses, both the syntax and semantics of terms may vary. Therefore, we need a mechanism to define, within a particular library, course models, their constituent objects, and the associated semantics in a flexible, extensible way. In this paper, we describe our approach to define and implement these multilayered course objects. We use XML technology to emulate complex data structures within the NCSTRL+ buckets. We have developed authoring and browsing tools to manipulate these course objects. In our current implementation a user downloading an XML based course bucket also downloads the XML-aware tools: an applet that enables the user to edit or browse the bucket. We claim that XML provides an effective means to represent multi-level structure of a course bucket.

Maly, K.; Zubair, M.; Liu, X.; Nelson, M.; Zeil, S.

1999-01-01

197

Status of information resource organization in Iranian digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

This research aimed to determine the status of information resource organization in Iranian digital libraries. The research method was analytical survey. Researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data in order to study the status of research population about information resources organization. In fact, 38 Iranian digital libraries were made research population of this research. Findings showed that studied digital library applications have many capabilities to organize information res...

Hamed Alipour-Hafezi; Abbas Horri; Alireza Isfandiari Mogaddam; Mehdi Alipour-Hafezi

2014-01-01

198

Analysis of Personalized Information Service System for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Along with the rapid development of digital library, digital library of the third generation, taking the main characteristics of the personalized service, has already become the mainstream today. This article first analyzes the concept and characteristics of digital library, then elaborates the inevitability of personalized service as well as the necessity of its development and based on the Propose of establishing interested knowledge-base, enumerates several ways of person...

Qian, Li; Liu, Lizhen; Hu, Yue

2014-01-01

199

TRSkit: A Simple Digital Library Toolkit  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces TRSkit, a simple and effective toolkit for building digital libraries on the World Wide Web. The toolkit was developed for the creation of the Langley Technical Report Server and the NASA Technical Report Server, but is applicable to most simple distribution paradigms. TRSkit contains a handful of freely available software components designed to be run under the UNIX operating system and served via the World Wide Web. The intended customer is the person that must continuously and synchronously distribute anywhere from 100 - 100,000's of information units and does not have extensive resources to devote to the problem.

Nelson, Michael L.; Esler, Sandra L.

1997-01-01

200

ChemXSeer Digital Library Gaussian Search  

CERN Document Server

We report on the Gaussian file search system designed as part of the ChemXSeer digital library. Gaussian files are produced by the Gaussian software [4], a software package used for calculating molecular electronic structure and properties. The output files are semi-structured, allowing relatively easy access to the Gaussian attributes and metadata. Our system is currently capable of searching Gaussian documents using a boolean combination of atoms (chemical elements) and attributes. We have also implemented a faceted browsing feature on three important Gaussian attribute types - Basis Set, Job Type and Method Used. The faceted browsing feature enables a user to view and process a smaller, filtered subset of documents.

Lahiri, Shibamouli; Nangia, Shikha; Mitra, Prasenjit; Giles, C Lee; Mueller, Karl T

2011-01-01

201

UCLA Digital Library Sheet Music Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Whether you are a music historian looking to examine the role of popular song in the United States in the 20th century or just looking for a few songs to sing around the piano, the Digital Archive of Popular American Music at UCLA will definitely pique the interest of even the most casual visitors. From their massive collection of close to 450,000 pieces of sheet music, the specialists at the UCLA Music Library have selected over 120 songs to digitize and place online at this site. Visitors can browse the collection by keyword, selected fields (such as composer or title), and date. The songs (which include the intriguing cover pages with their fanciful art) include such favorites as "Down by the Old Mill Stream" and such lesser-known numbers as "Don't Let the Girlies Get You", which was originally popularized by one Kitty Gordon.

202

Construction Digital Library towards Resources Sharing in the ASEAN Countries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In modem society, information resources have become important strategic resources for our survival and development. Sharing information resources is a common aspiration. Document resources sharing is the basis of modem document services, and also the working target of the document workers and the key point is the development of digital resources. The purpose of digital resources development is to use and share library information resources effectively, and ultimately fulfill the Southeast Asia and global sharing. It is impossible for any single library, region or country to achieve the digital resources development alone, but to make libraries in various trades and industries and of the whole world play their roles to carry out the development and sharing. This paper discusses the necessity, feasibility and benefits, of developing and sharing Asian library digital document resources, analyses the significance of library digital document resources development and sharing, puts forward some suggestions on ways of Asian library digital document resources sharing in the network environment. This paper focuses on the necessity, feasibility and benefits, of developing and sharing Asian library digital document resources, analyses the significance of library digital document resources development and sharing, puts forward some suggestions on ways of Southeast Asia library digital document resources sharing.

Do Thi Thanh Thuy

2014-02-01

203

Educating the First Digital Generation. Educate Us  

Science.gov (United States)

Asal and Harwood explore how today's information technology is changing how teachers educate and are educated. Focusing on the United States, with useful insights from the classroom digital revolution in a few other places (the United Kingdom, Australia, and India), the authors investigate the impact of today's technologies on education--how they…

Harwood, Paul G.; Asal, Victor

2007-01-01

204

Biblioteca digital de peças teatrais / Digital library of theater plays  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais - BDTeatro é um projeto para preservação, formatação, armazenamento e disseminação de Peças Teatrais. Este projeto foi desenvolvido pela Faculdade de Computação, Faculdade de Artes, Filosofia e Ciências Sociais e Biblioteca Central da Universidade Federal de Uber [...] lândia - UFU. A Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) forneceu parte do suporte financeiro para o PROJETO. BDTeatro foi proposto para resolver os problemas de preservação e disseminação de uma coleção com aproximadamente 800 peças teatrais em papel. Esta coleção apresenta sinais de deterioração e sua digitalização foi a motivação deste projeto. Adicionalmente, a ausência de um catálogo on-line e de um processo automatizado para pesquisa de informações na coleção também motivou o projeto. Este artigo descreve o desenvolvimento da Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais, onde foi usada uma perspectiva interdisciplinar de trabalho, garantindo desta maneira, padrões de qualidade no processo de construção do catálogo, na entrada dos dados e nos mecanismos de pesquisa de informações na coleção. Abstract in english Digital Library of Theater Plays - BDTeatro is a project for preservation, formatting, storage, and dissemination of theater plays. This project was developed by the School of Computation, School of Philosophy, Arts, and Social Science, and Central Library of Federal University of Uberlândia(UFU). T [...] he Foundation to Research Support of the Minas Gerais State (FAPEMIG ) provided partial financial support for the project. BDTeatro was proposed to deal with problems of preservation and dissemination of a collection with approximately eight hundred paper-based theater plays. This collection presents signs of deterioration and its digitalization has motivated this project. Besides, the absence of an on-line catalogue and an automated process to search information in the collection has also motivated the project. This paper describes the development of the Digital Library of Theater Plays where an interdisciplinary perspective of work was used, assuring this way standards of quality in the process of building up the catalog, in text data entrance and in mechanisms of searching by information in the collection.

Angela Maria, Silva; Ilmério Reis, Silva; Luiz Humberto Martins, Arantes.

2004-08-01

205

Bridging the digital divide – digital libraries in information literacy instruction in India and Germany  

OpenAIRE

Digital libraries create new possibilities of accessing information worldwide. Conditions for use are technical equipment on the one hand and information literacy skills on the other hand. A lack of information literacy skills may lead to a digital divide between information literate ‘onliners’ and information illiterate ‘nonliners’. Libraries improve usage of digital libraries through information literacy instruction as integral part in the lifelong learning process. Academic librari...

Klingenberg, Andreas; Singh, Neena

2010-01-01

206

Quality and Performance Evaluation of Digital Libraries in Romania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries are an integrant part of the national informational system and strategic institutes ensuring access to any kind of information. In the last decade, in Romania, different actions were undertaken and important resources were been used in order to develop digital libraries that can be accessed by IT and C systems, especially via Internet. Until now, the projects and other development initiatives for digital libraries – especially those financed through budgetary funds – did not focus on the evaluation of satisfaction degree for the on-line library users or fulfilling their quality needs at a performance level (efficiency, effectiveness and utility adequate with the on-line library provided service. One of the main contributions of this paper is the identifications of relationships between the importance of digital library evaluation criteria and present evaluation of digital libraries in Romania.

Agnes Erich

2010-01-01

207

Metadata In, Library Out. A Simple, Robust Digital Library System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tired of being held hostage to expensive systems that did not meet our needs, the University of Alabama Libraries developed an XML schema-agnostic, light-weight digital library delivery system based on the principles of "Keep It Simple, Stupid!" Metadata and derivatives reside in openly accessible web directories, which support the development of web agents and new usability software, as well as modification and complete retrieval at any time. The file name structure is echoed in the file system structure, enabling the delivery software to make inferences about relationships, sequencing, and complex object structure without having to encapsulate files in complex metadata schemas. The web delivery system, Acumen, is built of PHP, JSON, JavaScript and HTML5, using MySQL to support fielded searching. Recognizing that spreadsheets are more user-friendly than XML, an accompanying widget, Archivists Utility, transforms spreadsheets into MODS based on rules selected by the user. Acumen, Archivists Utility, and all supporting software scripts will be made available as open source.

Tonio Loewald

2010-06-01

208

The Next Stage: Moving from Isolated Digital Collections to Interoperable Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Online collections do not yet function like conventional libraries. Many digital collections are experimental and lack service components, and few have preservation components. The function of searching across collections is a dream frequently discussed but seldom realized at a robust level. This paper places a conceptual framework upon digital library development, and discusses how we might move from isolated digital collections to interoperable digital libraries. It first examines how early...

Besser, Howard

2002-01-01

209

Academic library user survey: Faculty of Education Library in Osijek  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents some results of the user study, conducted in 1998, among the users of the Osijek Faculty of Education Library. The objective of the study was to determine the scope of library usage, the degree of users’ dis/satisfaction with library services, holdings and the staff. The results indicate that there are differences in library usage between two main user groups – students and teachers. They differ, among other things, in the objectives of library visits, the scope of library usage, the degree of satisfaction with the library and its services, the familiarisation and the level of usage of information technology.Differences in behaviour between these two groups indicate the necessity of a different approach by the library personnel, e.g. intensified work on students’ education.The analysis of the questionnaire leads to the following conclusions:1. Two main user groups of the Faculty of Education Library differ in their requests and needs.2. The degree of dis/satisfaction depends on the group the user belongs to.3. Library users from the fields of arts and humanities, and natural sciences, use information technology to the same degree.

Kornelija Petr

2001-01-01

210

Buckets: Smart Objects for Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Current discussion of digital libraries (DLs) is often dominated by the merits of the respective storage, search and retrieval functionality of archives, repositories, search engines, search interfaces and database systems. While these technologies are necessary for information management, the information content is more important than the systems used for its storage and retrieval. Digital information should have the same long-term survivability prospects as traditional hardcopy information and should be protected to the extent possible from evolving search engine technologies and vendor vagaries in database management systems. Information content and information retrieval systems should progress on independent paths and make limited assumptions about the status or capabilities of the other. Digital information can achieve independence from archives and DL systems through the use of buckets. Buckets are an aggregative, intelligent construct for publishing in DLs. Buckets allow the decoupling of information content from information storage and retrieval. Buckets exist within the Smart Objects and Dumb Archives model for DLs in that many of the functionalities and responsibilities traditionally associated with archives are pushed down (making the archives dumber) into the buckets (making them smarter). Some of the responsibilities imbued to buckets are the enforcement of their terms and conditions, and maintenance and display of their contents.

Nelson, Michael L.

2001-01-01

211

Changing Role of Library and Need of Professional skills, Efficiency & Competency in Digital Library Era  

OpenAIRE

Digital libraries, once project based and largely autonomous efforts are maturing. As individual programs have grown, each has developed its own personality, reflecting the circumstances of its creation and environment, and its leadership. This report from CLIR and the Digital Library Federation (DLF) draws on the results of a survey and case studies of DLF members to reveal how these influences have molded a range of organizational forms that we call the digital library.

Dr.Subhash Pundalikrao Chavan

2012-01-01

212

Danish youth education en route to digital literacy  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Denmark invests massivly in education and we pride ourselves on having a worldclass IT infrastructure. But at the same time our educational system and the libraries fail to examine the connection between information supply, learning and the new digital reality. A new strategy could be the first step in the right direction.

Kaarsted, Thomas; Andersen, Knud Holch

2013-01-01

213

Using XML, XSLT, and CSS in a Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the evolving information technologies employed at the Digital Library Initiative (DLI-I) Testbed of full-text journal articles at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Examines how XML, XSLT, and CSS can be used in a digital library application and discusses document representation and transmission, metadata schema, and…

Cole, Timothy W.; Mischo, William H.; Ferrer, Robert; Habing, Thomas G.

2000-01-01

214

Teaching Digital Libraries in Spain: Context and Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

The situation of digital libraries teaching and learning in Spain up to 2008 is examined. A detailed analysis of the different curricula and subjects is provided both at undergraduate and postgraduate level. Digital libraries have been mostly a postgraduate topic in Spain, but they should become mainstream, with special subjects devoted to them,…

Garcia-Marco, Francisco-Javier

2009-01-01

215

Digital Libraries in the Classroom: Secondary School Teachers' Conception  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents findings from a case study investigating secondary school teachers' understanding of the term digital libraries and their relationship with learning. The study addresses two research questions: (1) How do teachers conceptualize digital libraries, their relevance and issues relating to their integration into the curriculum? and…

Abrizah, A.; Zainab, A. N.

2011-01-01

216

Knowledge Organisation Systems in North American Digital Library Collections  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report an investigation into the types of knowledge organisation systems (KOSs) utilised in North American digital library collections. Design/methodology/approach: The paper identifies, analyses and deep scans online North American hosted digital libraries. It reviews the literature related to the…

Shiri, Ali; Chase-Kruszewski, Sarah

2009-01-01

217

Metadata Harvesting in Regional Digital Libraries in the PIONIER Network  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The paper aims to present the concept of the functionality of metadata harvesting for regional digital libraries, based on the OAI-PMH protocol. This functionality is a part of regional digital libraries platform created in Poland. The platform was required to reach one of main objectives of the Polish PIONIER Programme--to enrich the…

Mazurek, Cezary; Stroinski, Maciej; Werla, Marcin; Weglarz, Jan

2006-01-01

218

Cloud as Infrastructure at the Texas Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we describe our recent work in using cloud computing to provision digital library services. We consider our original and current motivations, technical details of our implementation, the path we took, and our future work and lessons learned. We also compare our work with other digital library cloud efforts.

Nuernberg, Peter Texas Digital Library; Leggett, John Texas A. M. University; Mcfarland, Mark University Of Texas At Austin

2012-01-01

219

Enhancing a Core Journal Collection for Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This paper aims to address the problem of enhancing the selection of titles offered by a digital library, by analysing the differences in these titles when they are cited by local authors in their publications and when they are listed in the digital library offer. Design/methodology/approach: Text mining techniques were used to identify…

Kovacevic, Ana; Devedzic, Vladan; Pocajt, Viktor

2010-01-01

220

Publishing Security Policy of Digital Librarys Sensitive Data  

OpenAIRE

In order to improve the publishing security level of sensitive data of digital librarys virtualization community, this study uses security grouping strategy of graph clustering to group users sensitive data, greatly improves the security of releasing sensitive data. This article first summarized digital librarys application service structure, introduced distribution system of sensitive data simply, detailed analyzed the related definitions of security...

Hongxia Li

2013-01-01

221

Usability Studies and User-Centered Design in Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries continue to flourish. At the same time, the principles of user-centered design and the practice of usability testing have been growing in popularity, spreading their influence into the library sphere. This article explores the confluence of these two trends by surveying the current literature on usability studies of digital

Comeaux, David J.

2008-01-01

222

Collaboratory Digital Libraries for Humanities in the Italian context  

OpenAIRE

The study investigates the approach to collaboration in Humanities, within the Italian context, to test the possibility of collaborative digital library for scholars. The research hypothesis is that collaboration can foster innovation and scientific development: therefore, within Humanities, digital libraries can be the collaborative laboratory for research. Thus, understanding perception of scholars towards collaboration, especially online, and comprehending if wiki systems could...

Andrea Zanni; Tammaro, Anna Maria

2010-01-01

223

News from the Library: Digital signage: what is it?  

CERN Multimedia

As you might know, "digital signage" is a form of electronic display that shows information, advertising and other messages in both public and private environments.   If you visited the Library lately, you probably discovered that something has changed in the way we inform library users of how our collections and services are evolving. A screen has now replaced the traditional shelf or showcase where libraries usually display new book acquisitions. This new digital showcase dynamically displays new book and ebook acquisitions in the Library, new titles available in the Bookshop, and most downloaded ebooks. The same content will be soon displayed also on the CERN digital signage network.

2012-01-01

224

dLibra Digital Library Framework – platforma do budowy bibliotek cyfrowych  

OpenAIRE

[dLibra Digital Library Framework - a platform for building digital libraries]. Article characterized dLibra software used by the Federation of Digital Libraries (Poland), developed at the Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center.

Kolasa, W?adys?aw Marek

2007-01-01

225

A handbook of digital library economics operations, collections and services  

CERN Document Server

This book provides a companion volume to Digital Library Economics and focuses on the 'how to' of managing digital collections and services (of all types) with regard to their financing and financial management. The emphasis is on case studies and practical examples drawn from a wide variety of contexts. A Handbook of Digital Library Economics is a practical manual for those involved - or expecting to be involved - in the development and management of digital libraries.provides practical approach to the subjectfocuses on the challenges associated with the economic and financial aspects of digi

Baker, David P

2013-01-01

226

Building and Sustaining Digital Collections: Models for Libraries and Museums.  

Science.gov (United States)

In February 2001, the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) and the National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage (NINCH) convened a meeting to discuss how museums and libraries are building digital collections and what business models are available to sustain them. A group of museum and library senior executives met with…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

227

SEARCH ENGINE TECHNOLOGY: DIGITAL LIBRARY PERSPECTIVE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper introduces the navigation of digital libraries .and reviews most prominent problems confronting retrieval engine like multiple content sources, distributed documents problem. multiple language problem, inaccurate queries problem and availability of classification schemes problem etc it traces various solutions in terms of technologies developed for search engine retrieval like Mew data extraction by various methods viz automatic extraction of words, structural analysis, normalization of existing Meta data, using external reference data and citation analysis etc. It explores equal ranking elaborating test runs with representative queries etc besides dealing with proper treatment of queries which covers orthographic, morphological and vocabulary variation . Discussion on data aggregation resorting to distributed documents is given along with a glimpse of future direction.

S M Shafi

2006-06-01

228

Quality and Performance Evaluation of Digital Libraries in Romania  

OpenAIRE

Libraries are an integrant part of the national informational system and strategic institutes ensuring access to any kind of information. In the last decade, in Romania, different actions were undertaken and important resources were been used in order to develop digital libraries that can be accessed by IT and C systems, especially via Internet. Until now, the projects and other development initiatives for digital libraries – especially those financed through budgetary funds – did not foc...

Agnes Erich; Elena Tîrziman

2010-01-01

229

Application of concept of services marketing in digital library  

OpenAIRE

This paper discusses the application of conventional concept of services marketing in digital library in modern era. The aim of this study to attempt to correlate marketing as a concept to the provision of digital library services. The unique characteristics of information products may demand a new approach to marketing defined as information marketing. In view of the social, economic and technological changes, Library and Information centers have begun to realize that marketing of informatio...

Sahu, Ashok Kumar; Mahapatra, Rabindra Kumar

2006-01-01

230

Digital library initiative in an Indian research library: an experience report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Libraries all over the world are transiting from the traditional print only era to the electronic era. The migration to an electronic library involves the understanding of several issues and requirements at the planning stage itself. This paper describes the various aspects of building a digital library system. Experience of implementing certain strategies in the IGCAR library is discussed in detail. The components of the digital library and the various access levels are discussed with examples. Finally, samples of the IGCAR library web site and the Newsletter web site are shown. (author)

231

Shoestring Digital Library: If Existing Digital Library Software Doesn't Suit Your Needs, Create Your Own  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating a digital library might seem like a task best left to a large research collection with a vast staff and generous budget. However, tools for successfully creating digital libraries are getting easier to use all the time. The explosion of people creating content for the web has led to the availability of many high-quality applications and…

Weber, Jonathan

2006-01-01

232

The Development of the Astronomy Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Astronomy Digital Library provides access to astronomical literature and to on-line data. The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is the literature search system and archive in this library. It is a NASAfunded project and access to all the ADS services is free to everybody world-wide. The ADS Abstract Service allows the searching of four databases with abstracts in Astronomy, Instrumentation, Physics/Geophysics, and the ArXiv Preprints with a total of over 2.9 million references. The system also provides access to reference and citation information, links to on-line data, electronic journal articles, and other on-line information. The ADS Article Service contains the full articles for most of the astronomical literature back to Volume 1. It contains the scanned pages of all the major journals (Astrophysical Journal, Astronomical Journal, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, and Solar Physics), as well as most smaller journals back to Volume 1. There are now 10 mirror sites of the ADS available in different parts of the world to improve connectivity. The ADS can be accessed through any web browser without signup or login at: http://ads.harvard.edu/.

Eichhorn, G.; Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Kurtz, M. J.; Murray, S. S.

2003-03-01

233

Launching Discovery through a Digital Library Portal: SIOExplorer  

Science.gov (United States)

The launching of an oceanographic expedition has its own brand of excitement, with the sound of the main engines firing up, and the lifting of the gangway in a foreign port, as the team of scientists and crew sets out for a month at sea with only the resources they have aboard. Although this adventure is broadly appealing, very few have the privilege of actually joining an expedition. With the "SIOExplorer" family of projects we are now beginning to open this experience across cyberspace to a wide range of students and teachers. What began two years ago as an effort to stabilize the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) data archives from more than 700 cruises going back 50 years, has now become an operational component of the National Science Digital Library (NSDL; www.nsdl.org), complete with thousands of historic photographs, full text documents and 3D visualization experiences. Our initial emphasis has been on marine geology and geophysics, in particular multibeam seafloor mapping, including 2 terabytes of digital objects. The IT architecture implemented at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) streamlines the integration of additional projects in other disciplines with a suite of metadata management and collection building tools for "arbitrary digital objects." The "CruiseViewer" Java application is the primary portal to the digital library, providing a graphical user and display interface, the interface with the metadata database, and the interface with the SDSC "Storage Resource Broker" for long-term bulk distributed data storage management. It presents the user with a view of the available objects, overlaid on a global topography map. Geospatial objects can be selected interactively, and searches can be constrained by keywords. Metadata can be browsed and objects can be viewed onscreen or downloaded for further analysis, with automatic proprietary-hold request management. These efforts will be put to the test with national teacher workshops in the next two summers. Teachers, in collaboration with SIO-graduate students, will prepare and field-test learning-experience modules that explore concepts from plate tectonics theory for classroom and web use. Students will design their own personal voyages of discovery through our digital archives, promoting inquiry-based learning tailored to each individual. Future education and outreach efforts will include 1) developing a global registry of seafloor research or education projects (academic, industry, government), allowing at least a URL and a contact for further information 2) adding new collections, including dredged rocks and cores, 3) interoperating with other international data collections, 4) interacting with education and outreach projects such as the California Center for Ocean Science Education Excellence (COSEE), 5) continued testing of a real-time stand-alone digital library on a laptop shipboard acquisition system, 6) enhanced use of real-time Real-time Observatories, Applications, and Data management Network (ROADnet) satellite links to SIO vessels, and 7) continued construction of a series of museum exhibits based on digital terrain models. Now that SIOExplorer has become operational, we look forward to collaborating with other institutions for data and technology exchange, as well as for education and outreach opportunities. Support is provided by NSF NSDL, ITR and OCE programs, as well as by UCSD funds.

Miller, S. P.; Staudigel, H.; Johnson, C.; McSherry, K.; Clark, D.; Peckman, U.; Helly, J.; Sutton, D.; Chase, A.; Schottlaender, B. E.; Day, D.; Helly, M.

2003-12-01

234

School Libraries and the Educational Ecosystem  

Science.gov (United States)

Like the other industries the United States once dominated, higher education is facing increasing global competition. Any strengthening of K-12 education will strengthen higher education in turn. In this article, the author opines that higher education advocates should also urge Congress to include school libraries and librarians in NCLB when they…

Rettig, Jim

2009-01-01

235

Library information services in the digital age  

OpenAIRE

Library information services are a key element in libraries since the ancient times. Their vital role is increasingly becoming a measure of the library’s contribution to the transformation and development of a society and the nation at large. The use of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) has caused a transformation in the users’ perception from what is being hosted in the library to how and when services are rendered to fulfill their requests. Consequently, libraries are beco...

Mayega, Stephen

2008-01-01

236

Digital Library Archaeology: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Library Use through Artifact-Based Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Archaeologists have used material artifacts found in a physical space to gain an understanding about the people who occupied that space. Likewise, as users wander through a digital library, they leave behind data-based artifacts of their activity in the virtual space. Digital library archaeologists can gather these artifacts and employ inductive…

Nicholson, Scott

2005-01-01

237

Significance of Web 2.0 in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The rapid development of Information and Communication Technologies has provided a well sophisticated environment to develop the digital libraries. A digital library is a large-scale, organized collection of complex and dynamic multimedia information and knowledge, and tools and methods to enable search, manipulation and presentation of this information and knowledge via Internet. User-Centered approach for the digital libraries would increase its usage [1]. Web 2.0 technologies provide better user-centered services with rich user experience for Web applications. Hence this paper deals with the significance of Web 2.0 in building of digital libraries and presents the architecture of Web 2.0 enabled user interface system for DSpace digital repository.

Hanumat G. Sastry,

2010-09-01

238

Library and information science education in Slovenia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article describes the development of library and information science education in Slovenia and the present state of post-graduate programmes. It contains a detailed analysis of course units and their contents. The author proves that Slovene university education of library and information science specialists needs more full-time teachers with appropriate education, it is necessary to invest in their further training, to enlarge premises and enhance equipment. The programme ought to have more electives and should develop international cooperation.As a whole, Slovene library science education is equivalent to the corresponding programmes abroad.

Irena Marinko

1998-01-01

239

An Investigation of Supporting Courses for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to the increasingly growing Internet, many countries take a serious look at the new information carrier. Few years ago, National Science Foundation (NSF of USA initiated research projects on Digital Libraries (DL. Other countries around the world also initiated many DL research projects recently. There are some DL projects undergoing now in Taiwan. However, in the process of project execution, many project leaders find out that the students involving in these projects are not well trained. This is not because of educational quality, but the interdisciplinary characteristics of DL researches. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the supporting courses for training manpower in the field of digital library.After preliminary analysis, there is little consensus on the usage of terminology. As for the curriculum, 36 courses are suggested by professors and experts. With comparison to the current curriculum, a joint force from different departments is capable to cultivate the necessary manpower for DL projects. Only six courses need to be initiated to compensate the deficiency of the current curriculum. Due to the interdisciplinary characteristics of DL projects, this paper suggests that 20 credits is the minimal requirement for students from various fields to gain the basic knowledge and skills to involve DL projects.[Article content in Chinese

Kuang-hua Chen

1997-12-01

240

Building Relationships through a Digital Branch Library: Finding the Community in Community College Library Websites  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates whether or not community college libraries have in place the characteristics necessary to develop digital branch libraries to meet the expanding and changing needs of their publics. Using Hon and Grunig's (1999) relationship building criteria as a framework, 98 community college library websites were analyzed to determine…

Pampaloni, Andrea M.; Bird, Nora J.

2014-01-01

241

The evaluation of real-world digital libraries :a case at the Loughborough University Library  

OpenAIRE

Evaluation is a crucial step for the development and improvements of digital libraries. Unfortunately, nowadays only few studies are focused on this matter and even fewer concentrate on how evaluation is conducted in real-world digital libraries. The study contributes to the research presenting the results of a qualitative case study conducted at the Loughborough University Library, based on data collected from eleven semi-structured interviews and document analysis. It reports how evaluat...

Consonni, Chiara

2011-01-01

242

Library in the digital age:experiences and challenges from the university of Bergen library, Norway  

OpenAIRE

At the University of Bergen Library (UBL) the digital library has been developed over a period of 25 years. It started slowly, but during the last decade the changes have been more and more rapid, entailing major alterations of the routines and services. There has also been a revolution in the amount of available digitalized information. I will look briefly at some of the changes and challenges that the University of Bergen Library has been facing during the last 10 - 15 years....

Garnes, Kari

2007-01-01

243

The National Solar Observatory Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

NSO provides several important data sets to the solar physics community, such as full-disk daily magnetograms, He 10380 spectroheliograms, and solar spectral atlases from Kitt Peak; as well as H-alpha and Ca K spectroheliograms, and coronal scans from Sacramento Peak. The usage of these data sets has rapidly increased over the last 3 years as indicated in the logs of NSO/KP anonymous FTP activity which show increases of 400% in the number of logins, and 100% in the number of files transferred. In order to provide better access to these data for the solar physics community, NSO is developing a digital library. A robotic jukebox that holds 300 CD ROMs (about 210 GB) on-line has been installed at NSO, and the migration of data into this system is substantially underway. At the present time, the entire set of spectra from the Fourier Transform Spectrometer is on-line, as well as about 15% of the Kitt Peak magnetograms and He 10830 images. The Sacramento Peak H-alpha and Ca K spectroheliograms are now being digitized and transferred to CDs. A web-based user interface and search tool is also in development. Oracle has been selected and installed as the RDBMS search engine. Software to populate the database tables using FITS header parameters has been developed. Issues of file name conventions, user request tracking, and download strategies are under study. We expect to have a simple prototype interface and search tool for the Kitt Peak magnetograms available for testing by the user community by Summer 1997. This will provide a foundation that can be easily extended to include additional data sets.

Hill, F.; Branston, D.; Erdwurm, W.

1997-05-01

244

Self-discovery through digital portfolios: a holistic approach to developing new library and information professionals  

OpenAIRE

Library educators face ever-increasing challenges in terms of delivering a curriculum that will adequately prepare students for the dynamic digital environment they will be working in. Graduates require a balance of discipline specific knowledge and personal attributes that will enable them to transition smoothly into employment and plan their future careers. At Queensland University of Technology (QUT) the postgraduate library and information management program has introduced a whole-of-cour...

Hallam, Gillian

2008-01-01

245

Digital Libraries as a Component of Cyberinfrastructure: DLESE and the NSDL as Examples of Providing a Knowledge Layer to CI  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries have been identified in many reports and workshops as one component of cyberinfrastructure to not only support the aggregation and dissemination of materials, but as new architectures to support the development of networks of knowledge and understanding. The Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) is aimed to support Earth system education, but is itself a component of a larger network of digital libraries in the sciences such as the National Science Digital Library (NSDL). These networks of libraries are envisioned to provide a "knowledge layer" over a broad array of heterogeneous components from data sets to learned articles, from data analysis to complex simulation environments. As cyberinfrastructure develops the tools and technologies to access and interact with data (for example in projects such as LEAD, GEON, THREDDS), the distinction between scientific data archiving, access and analysis, and the functions of a digital library continue to blur as we concentrate on the needs of the user, be they researcher, teacher or learner. Data analysis may be incorporated into more complex artifacts such as compound documents, simulation environments, and learning objects, which themselves must contain attributes and descriptions for understanding their context and use. Thus a cyberinfrastructure that incorporates the range of technologies of data access and analysis and digital libraries that can provide broad context must include mechanisms for interoperability through all levels of these infrastructures. New tools and approaches in digital library and information sciences can leverage the materials and relationships provided through this interoperability.

Wright, M. J.; Marlino, M. R.

2004-12-01

246

The Digital Fish Library: using MRI to digitize, database, and document the morphological diversity of fish.  

Science.gov (United States)

Museum fish collections possess a wealth of anatomical and morphological data that are essential for documenting and understanding biodiversity. Obtaining access to specimens for research, however, is not always practical and frequently conflicts with the need to maintain the physical integrity of specimens and the collection as a whole. Non-invasive three-dimensional (3D) digital imaging therefore serves a critical role in facilitating the digitization of these specimens for anatomical and morphological analysis as well as facilitating an efficient method for online storage and sharing of this imaging data. Here we describe the development of the Digital Fish Library (DFL, http://www.digitalfishlibrary.org), an online digital archive of high-resolution, high-contrast, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the soft tissue anatomy of an array of fishes preserved in the Marine Vertebrate Collection of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. We have imaged and uploaded MRI data for over 300 marine and freshwater species, developed a data archival and retrieval system with a web-based image analysis and visualization tool, and integrated these into the public DFL website to disseminate data and associated metadata freely over the web. We show that MRI is a rapid and powerful method for accurately depicting the in-situ soft-tissue anatomy of preserved fishes in sufficient detail for large-scale comparative digital morphology. However these 3D volumetric data require a sophisticated computational and archival infrastructure in order to be broadly accessible to researchers and educators. PMID:22493695

Berquist, Rachel M; Gledhill, Kristen M; Peterson, Matthew W; Doan, Allyson H; Baxter, Gregory T; Yopak, Kara E; Kang, Ning; Walker, H J; Hastings, Philip A; Frank, Lawrence R

2012-01-01

247

LIBER's Involvement in Supporting Digital Preservation in Member Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital curation and preservation represent new challenges for universities. LIBER has invested considerable effort to engage with the new agendas of digital preservation and digital curation. Through two successful phases of the LIFE project, LIBER is breaking new ground in identifying innovative models for costing digital curation and preservation. Through LIFE’s input into the US-UK Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access, LIBER is aligned with major international work in the economics of digital preservation. In its emerging new strategy and structures, LIBER will continue to make substantial contributions in this area, mindful of the needs of European research libraries.

Paul Ayris

2009-03-01

248

Building Indian Language Digital Library Collections: Some Experiences with Greenstone Software  

OpenAIRE

With its diverse cultural and linguistic heritage, India today produces significant volume of digital material in Indian languages. This has been facilitated by increasing availability of word processing systems supporting Indian languages and their use in various areas including e-governance; education and research; and mass media. There is need for digital library software for organizing and provision of access to this material. Such software has to meet two prime requirements: Indexing and...

Shivaram, Bs; Rajashekar, Tb

2004-01-01

249

Touch-Optimised Mobile Interface for Invenio Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is free software platform for digital libraries and document repositories on the web. Invenio was originally developed at CERN to power its scientific document server containing about 1 million of articles, books, photos, videos, and more.\

Tapparel, Yannick

250

What Children Can Teach Us: Developing Digital Libraries for Children with Children  

Science.gov (United States)

At the University of Maryland, an interdisciplinary team of researchers from information studies, computer science, education, art, and psychology worked with seven children (ages seven to eleven) to design a new digital library for children. This partnership led to new approaches for collection development, cataloging (metadata standards), and…

Druin, Allison

2005-01-01

251

Teaching Analytics: A Clustering and Triangulation Study of Digital Library User Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers and students increasingly enjoy unprecedented access to abundant web resources and digital libraries to enhance and enrich their classroom experiences. However, due to the distributed nature of such systems, conventional educational research methods, such as surveys and observations, provide only limited snapshots. In addition,…

Xu, Beijie; Recker, Mimi

2012-01-01

252

Exploring the Digital Library: A Guide for Online Teaching and Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

This book, which is a volume in The Jossey-Bass Online Teaching and Learning series, addresses the key issue of library services for faculty and their students in the online learning environment. Written by librarians at Athabasca University, a leading institution in distance education, this book shows how faculty can effectively use digital

Johnson, Kay; Magusin, Elaine

2005-01-01

253

Design and Usability of Digital Libraries: Case Studies in the Asia Pacific  

Science.gov (United States)

This book showcases some of the best digital library practices from organizations in the Asia Pacific. Particular emphasis has been placed on the design, use and usability of digital libraries. Not only are digital libraries examined, but related technologies, the management of knowledge in digital libraries, and the associated usability and…

Theng, Yin-Leng, Ed.; Foo, Schubert, Ed.

2005-01-01

254

Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure  

Science.gov (United States)

Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

1993-01-01

255

Integration of cloud services with Invenio digital library  

OpenAIRE

Project Specification: Connect Invenio digital library with popular cloud storage services such as Google Drive, Dropbox and Sky Drive. Abstract: Cloudutils is a standalone python module which provides an interface to popular cloud storage services (e.g. Google Drive, Skydrive…). It is built on top of the PyFilesystem module. In this project Cloudutils module was developed and used to connect Invenio digital library and ...

Kraljevic?, Z?eljko; Kunc?ar, Jir?i?

2013-01-01

256

Multi-lingual Information Retrieval in Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

With the advancements of the Internet and the Digital Library Initiatives in the U.S.A., the research of digital library has been flourished around the world. Recently the increasing availability of networked access to multilingual text collections within such an environment has drawn much attention in the development of cross-language retrieval technology. This article is used to structure a comprehensive discussion of published research and known commercial practice in the western world on ...

Hsiao-Tieh Pu; Lee-Feng Chien

1997-01-01

257

Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries - TPDL 2013 Selected Workshops  

OpenAIRE

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the selected workshops co-located with the 17th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2013, held in Valletta, Malta, in September 2013. The volume is organized in three parts, containing the 26 revised full papers of the three workshops: Linking and Contextualizing Publications and Datasets (LCPD 2013); Supporting Users Exploration of Digital Libraries (SUEDL 2013); Moving beyond technology: iSchools and ed...

2014-01-01

258

Digital Books and Challenges of Library = ?????????????  

OpenAIRE

Carol Bacchus (VP & Director, Life Sciences at Wiley-Blackwell) presented at the International Forum "Developments in Publishing and their Implications for Library Resource Building" (Session 2), Chinese Library Annual Conference, November 7, 2013.

Bacchus, Carol

2013-01-01

259

Cracking the Egg: The South Carolina Digital Library's New Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the historical foundations of the South Carolina Digital Library, a collaborative statewide program that ties together academic special collections and archives, public libraries, state government archives, and other cultural resource institutions in an effort to provide the state with a comprehensive database of online…

Vinson, Christopher G.; Boyd, Kate Foster

2008-01-01

260

XML: How It Will Be Applied to Digital Library Systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

Shows how XML is applied to digital library systems. Compares major features of XML with those of HTML and describes an experimental XML-based metadata retrieval system, which is based on the Dublin Core and is designed as a subsystem of the Korean Virtual Library and Information System (VINIS). (Author/LRW)

Kim, Hyun-Hee; Choi, Chang-Seok

2000-01-01

261

An overview of Digital Audio Books for Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, part of the Library of Congress, historically has been the major supplier of recreational talking books for U.S. citizens with print impairments. It has announced that its digital talking book program will begin in late 2008. The Canadian National Institute for the Blind…

Peters, Tom; Bell, Lori; Sussman, Diana Brawley; Ruda, Sharon

2005-01-01

262

Copyright & Risk: Scoping the Wellcome Digital Library Project  

OpenAIRE

Copyright & Risk: Scoping the Wellcome Digital Library is a comprehensive case study which aims to assess the merits of the risk-managed approach to copyright clearance adopted by the Wellcome Library (WL) in the course of their pilot digitisation project Codebreakers: Makers of Modern Genetics. Whilst the WL clearly identifies as a library, as a collecting institution it extends from books and periodicals to include archives and manuscripts, art, the moving image and sound ...

Stobo, Victoria; Deazley, Ronan; Anderson, Ian G.

2013-01-01

263

Digital publics and participatory education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article—a collaborative exploration between instructors, students, and members of the broader, digital classroom community—explores how the strategic incorporation of sociotechnical networks and digital technologies facilitates literate practices that extend the classroom in productive ways. The article builds toward coauthors’ reflective practices (Schön, 1983, or “participatory perspectives”, had during an undergraduate English Studies course at a mid-sized, public, American university. Specifically, participants argue that these literate practices afforded not just information sharing, but the opening up of a traditional classroom to include broader digital publics and collaborative knowledge work (Spinuzzi, 2006. Toward this end, we ground literate practice in scholarship that attends to public writing in online spaces, and theoretically frame our argument using Jenkins et al.’s (2006 principles of participatory education. We then detail the specific curricular approach deliberately designed to create digitally connected publics and end with generalizable significance of coauthors’ participatory perspectives.

Brian J. McNely

2010-10-01

264

Digital Preservation and Deep Infrastructure; Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Progress Report and Workplan for 2002; Video Gaming, Education and Digital Learning Technologies: Relevance and Opportunities; Digital Collections of Real World Objects; The MusArt Music-Retrieval System: An Overview; eML: Taking Mississippi Libraries into the 21st Century.  

Science.gov (United States)

One opinion piece and five articles in this issue discuss: digital preservation infrastructure; accomplishments and changes in the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative in 2001 and plans for 2002; video gaming and how it relates to digital libraries and learning technologies; overview of a music retrieval system; and the online version of the…

Granger, Stewart; Dekkers, Makx; Weibel, Stuart L.; Kirriemuir, John; Lensch, Hendrik P. A.; Goesele, Michael; Seidel, Hans-Peter; Birmingham, William; Pardo, Bryan; Meek, Colin; Shifrin, Jonah; Goodvin, Renee; Lippy, Brooke

2002-01-01

265

Policy Route Map for Academic Libraries' Digital Content  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a policy decision tree for digital information management in academic libraries. The decision tree is a policy guide, which offers alternative access and reproduction policy solutions according to the prevailing circumstances (for example acquisition method, copyright ownership). It refers to the digital information life cycle,…

Koulouris, Alexandros; Kapidakis, Sarantos

2012-01-01

266

Shaping the Curriculum: The Power of a Library's Digital Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers were the first adopters of digital resources available through the library. Online journals and databases make finding research articles much easier than when this author started as a librarian more than 20 years ago. Speedier interlibrary loan due to digital delivery means research materials are never far away. Making it easier for…

Kirkwood, Patricia

2011-01-01

267

Evaluating Digital Libraries: A Longitudinal and Multifaceted View.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Perseus Digital Library (PDL), under continuous development since 1987, is one of the primary digital resources for the humanities. A summary of the PDL genesis and current status is given and the multifaceted and longitudinal evaluation effort is described. A brief synthesis of results is provided and reflections on the evaluation along with…

Marchionini, Gary

2000-01-01

268

The Alexandria Digital Library Project Review, Assessment, and Prospects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL was established in the late 1990s as a response to several perceived problems of traditional map libraries, notably access and organization. By 1999 it had evolved into an operational digital library, offering a well-defined set of services to a broad user community, based on an extensive collection of georeferenced information objects. The vision of ADL continues to evolve, as technology makes new services possible, as its users become more sophisticated and demanding, and as the broader field of geographic information science (GlScience identifies new avenues for research and application.

Michael F Goodchild

2005-01-01

269

Digital Libraries and the quest for information curation  

OpenAIRE

The growing number of computers and networks place new challenges to every sector of our lives. Digital information is omnipresent in an everyday basis in any kind of activity that both individuals and organizations perform. As a result the needs and services provided by libraries needed to consider such a digital context with a smart move to adapt and evolve in order to provide digital information along with more traditional services. This presentation introduces some of the concepts r...

Gouveia, Lui?s Borges

2014-01-01

270

Digital libraries and digital archives : new distribution models in the information chain  

OpenAIRE

Libraries belong to the so-called ‘memory organisations’, together with archives and museums. This reflects the fact that the global library system acts as the collective memory of the world’s cultural and scientific heritage as recorded in the printed word. In the world of printed publications only libraries perform a memory function which guarantees to a certain extent that publications are not lost after immediate use. Digital deposit libraries could interconnect to form a comprehens...

Mackenzie Owen, John

1997-01-01

271

News from the Library: Advancing light - SPIE Digital Library accessible to CERN till 31 March 2012  

CERN Multimedia

SPIE (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers) is a not-for-profit international society which publishes one of the largest collections of applied optics and photonics research papers in the world: the SPIE Digital Library.   This resource includes more than 300,000 technical papers from SPIE journals, e-books and conference proceedings from 1990 to the present. The SPIE Digital Library covers many areas of interest for CERN users, such as astronomy, nanotechnology, sensors, lasers, electro-optics and imaging. The CERN Library has trial access to the complete resource till 31 March 2012, don't hesitate to give it a try! Access to the SPIE Digital Library here. We welcome any comment or question at library.desk@cern.ch.

CERN Library

2012-01-01

272

The Marine Realms Information Bank family of digital libraries: access to free online information for coastal and marine science  

Science.gov (United States)

Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2007-01-01

273

Talking in the library:implications for the design of digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

We describe the use of ethnomethodologically-informedethnography as a means of informing the requirementselicitation, design, development and evaluation of digitallibraries. We present the case for the contribution of such studiesto the development of digital library technology to support thepractices of information-searching. This is illustrated by aparticular study of the help desk at a university library,examining the implications it has for designing appropriatefunctionality for a digital...

Crabtree, Andy; Twidale, Michael; O Brien, Jon; Nichols, David

1997-01-01

274

Public Libraries, Digital Literacy and Participatory Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years public libraries have experimented with user-generated or community-contributed content through the interactive tools of Web 2.0. For some commentators this not just establishes a new relationship between libraries and their publics, but signals the end of information hegemony and an "expert paradigm". Such claims need to be…

McShane, Ian

2011-01-01

275

Issues Facing Academic Library Consortia and Perceptions of Members of the Illinois Digital Academic Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the role of consortia in academic libraries, specifically the Illinois Digital Academic Library (IDAL), and describes a study conducted by the IDAL that investigated issues surrounding full text database research including stability of content, vendor communication, embargo periods, publisher concerns, quality of content, linking and…

Brooks, Sam; Dorst, Thomas J.

2002-01-01

276

Issues for bringing digital libraries into public use  

Science.gov (United States)

In much the same way that the field of artificial intelligence produced a cult which fervently believed that computers would soon think like human beings, the existence of electronic books has resurrected the paperless society as a utopian vision to some, an apocalyptic horror to others. In this essay we have attempted to provide realistic notions of what digital libraries are likely to become if they are a popular success. E-books are capable of subsuming most of the media we use today and have the potential for added functionality by being interactive. The environmental impact of having millions more computers will be offset to some degree, perhaps even exceeded, by the fact that televisions, stereos, VCR's, CD players, newspapers, magazines, and books will become part of the computer system or be made redundant. On the whole, large-scale use of digital libraries is likely to be a winning proposition. Whether or not this comes to pass depends on the directions taken by today's researchers and software developers. By involving the public, the effort being put into digital libraries can be leveraged into something which is big enough to make a real change for the better. If digital libraries remain the exclusive property of government, universities, and large research firms, then large parts of the world will remain without digital libraries for years to come, just as they have remained without digital phone service for far too long. If software companies try to scuttle the project by patenting crucial algorithms and using proprietary data formats, all of us will suffer. Let us reverse the errors of the past and create a truly open digital library system.

Flater, David W.; Yesha, Yelena

1993-01-01

277

Digital information evolution: the AIDS Library experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

The AIDS Library evolved out of consumer health activism in response to the need for the latest HIV information, materials, and technology. In 1998, staff implemented a microcomputer-based integrated automated library system with Web publishing capability to link catalogs, databases of Philadelphia regional services, online publications, and fact sheets. The Web site, , became "live" December 1, 1998. History leading to its development and future plans are presented. PMID:11299595

Fraser, A; Pierce, J B; Scipio, R

1999-01-01

278

Relevance of Data Mining in Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Data mining involves significant process ofidentifying the extraction of hidden predictive informationfrom vast array of databases and it is an authoritative newtechnology with potentiality to facilitate the Libraries andInformation Centers to focus on the most importantinformation in their data warehouses. It is a viable tool topredict future trends and behaviors in the field of library andinformation service for deducing proactive, knowledge-drivendecisions. Mechanized, prospective analyses...

Mishra, R. N.; Aishwarya Mishra

2013-01-01

279

Exploring education for digital librarians meaning, modes and models  

CERN Document Server

Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b

Myburgh, Sue

2013-01-01

280

Digital Division Is Cultural Exclusion, but Is Digital Inclusion Cultural Inclusion?; We Come from Around the World and Share Similar Visions; Oksale: An Indigenous Approach to Creating a Virtual Library of Education Resources; Whose Rules? Intellectual Property, Culture and Indigenous Communities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes four articles that discuss digital technology and indigenous communities. Highlights include digitization of cultural resources; cultural instantiation in electronic media; partnerships; the needs of indigenous groups; library school students' service-based learning experiences in creating a virtual library for a tribal village; and…

Worcman, Karen; Holland, Maurita Peterson; Roy, Loriene; Larsen, Peter; Seadle, Michael

2002-01-01

281

Identifying and Analyzing Help Facilities and Capabilities in Iranian Digital Libraries Software  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Concerning the format, only three digital libraries (Majlis, Astan Quds Razavi, Ahlolbayt have a score higher than 50% and from a style-related aspect, only five digital libraries (Islamic Document and Information Center, Ahlolbayt, National Library, Tebyan and Human Sciences have a score higher than 50%. Moreover, from an access-related aspect, only three digital libraries (Human Sciences, National Library and Archive and Islamic Document and Information Center have a score higher than 50%. Generally, given all the aforementioned aspects, it was found that two National Libraries and Archive and Islamic Document and Information Center digital libraries having a score of 57% from Help Facilities and Capabilities are ranked first and Human Sciences digital library having 51% from Help Facilities and Capabilities have been ranked second. Other digital libraries having scores lower than averages are in subsequent ranks. Finally, some executive recommendations have been provided to digital library designers to design effective help facilities and capabilities.

Mohammad Zerehsaz

2014-09-01

282

Application of Data Mining Technology in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the rapid development of computer technology and network technology, it ushers in a new Internet era characterized by information and knowledge. There is an urgent need for a new generation of technologies and methods to help exploit the treasures of information, and to be refined, so as to become useful knowledge. Data mining is the core part of knowledge discovery. Its techniques and methods have great application space and value in the digital library. Data mining technology can help people to develop vast amounts of information in depth, extract the inherent link of the heterogeneous information to promote the digital library. This paper describes technologies relating with data mining, introduces the process of data mining, illustrates the main features, explores applications of three aspects in the digital library, indicates application meaning, analyzes the key problems of implementation in digital libraries, and finally take a study case on analysis of low utilization readers in Linyi university library by decision tree algorithm.

Mei Zhang

2011-04-01

283

The Research Library's Role in Digital Repository Services: Final Report of the ARL Digital Repository Issues Task Force  

Science.gov (United States)

Libraries are making diverse contributions to the development of many types of digital repositories, particularly those housing locally created digital content, including new digital objects or digitized versions of locally held works. In some instances, libraries are managing a repository and its related services entirely on their own, but often…

Association of Research Libraries, 2009

2009-01-01

284

Publishing Security Policy of Digital Librarys Sensitive Data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In order to improve the publishing security level of sensitive data of digital librarys virtualization community, this study uses security grouping strategy of graph clustering to group users sensitive data, greatly improves the security of releasing sensitive data. This article first summarized digital librarys application service structure, introduced distribution system of sensitive data simply, detailed analyzed the related definitions of security grouping of the graph clustering and calculation method of generalization information loss, finally got available sensitive data. Experimental results show that anti-attack of sensitive data processed by the policy has been improved significantly, has certain research value.

Hongxia Li

2013-01-01

285

76 FR 24914 - Digital River Education Services, Inc., a Division of Digital River, Inc., Including Workers...  

Science.gov (United States)

...a Division of Digital River, Inc...Journey Education Marketing (JEM), Including...Information shows that Digital River Education...Journey Education Marketing (JEM) in August...a division of Digital River, Inc...Journey Education Marketing (JEM), and...

2011-05-03

286

Knowledge management policies on digital content of libraries  

OpenAIRE

We analyze the use of the digital content of non-profit libraries, such as, national and academic, worldwide, as expressed through the restrictions of intellectual property and the knowledge management policies. We classify the policies according to factors, such as, the content creation type, its acquisition method and intellectual property, analyze their relationship and extract quantitative remarks. We propose a policy model of access, reproduction and use for the digital content of nation...

Koulouris, Alexandros; Kapidakis, Sarantos

2005-01-01

287

Digital libraries: barriers or gateways to scholarly information?  

OpenAIRE

Unprecedented desktop access to scholarly information has been made possible by the introduction of digital libraries. The powerful combination of digital publications, specialist and generalist databases, sophisticated search systems and portals enables scholars and students to rapidly examine a great variety of the literature in their own disciplines and those new to them. Access is available globally 24 hours a day without geographical limitation. But that access is not without limitations...

Bryne, Alex

2003-01-01

288

Relevance of Data Mining in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data mining involves significant process ofidentifying the extraction of hidden predictive informationfrom vast array of databases and it is an authoritative newtechnology with potentiality to facilitate the Libraries andInformation Centers to focus on the most importantinformation in their data warehouses. It is a viable tool topredict future trends and behaviors in the field of library andinformation service for deducing proactive, knowledge-drivendecisions. Mechanized, prospective analyses of data miningmove beyond the analyses of past events provided byretrospective tools typical of decision support systems. DataMining, Process of Data Mining, Knowledge Discovery inDatabases, DBMS, Data Mining Techniques etc. etc. havebeen discussed in this paper.

R. N. Mishra

2013-02-01

289

The National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program; Metadata Principles and Practicalities; Challenges for Service Providers when Importing Metadata in Digital Libraries; Integrated and Aggregated Reference Services.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes 6 articles that discuss the National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program at the Library of Congress; metadata in digital libraries; integrated reference services on the Web. (LRW)

Friedlander, Amy; Duval, Erik; Hodgins, Wayne; Sutton, Stuart; Weibel, Stuart L.; McClelland, Marilyn; McArthur, David; Giersch, Sarah; Geisler, Gary; Hodgkin, Adam

2002-01-01

290

The Education of Library Systems Analysts for the Nineties.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of the education of library systems analysts for the 1990s examines: (1) what library science schools have done; (2) necessary skills and competencies; and (3) what library science schools can do. (13 references) (MES)

Boyce, Bert R.; Heim, Kathleen M.

1988-01-01

291

Prelude to a Digital Music Library at the Pennsylvania State University: Networking Audio for Academic Library Users.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the creation of a digital music library at Pennsylvania State University. Highlights include infrastructure, including hardware, software, and streaming technology; the digitization of library collections, including copyright considerations, long-term preservation of audio, and access through the library's online catalog; staffing; and…

Maple, Amanda; Henderson, Tona

2000-01-01

292

El mundo matemático digital: el proyecto WDML (World Digital Mathematics Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We describe the digitization process of the mathematical literature in the framework of the projects WDML and DML-E.Describimos el proceso de digitalización de la literatura matemática de investigación en el marco del proyecto WDML (World Digital Mathematics Library y del proyecto español DML-E.

Macías Virgós, Enrique

2007-06-01

293

How Digital Library Services Contribute to Undergraduate Learning: An Evaluation of the “Understanding Library Impacts” Protocol  

OpenAIRE

“Understanding Library Impacts” is a qualitative protocol designed to investigate the ways library services and resources contribute to undergraduate learning using interviews with librarians, faculty, and students. The Critical Incident Technique (CIT) is used in the student interviews to identify aspects of library services and resources that are critical to student success. The Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives is used to classify faculty goals for student learning and studen...

Rodriguez, Derek A.

2006-01-01

294

National Science Foundation and Library of Congress Announce Digital Preservation Awards  

Science.gov (United States)

... br/>Press Release 05-074National Science Foundation and Library of Congress Announce Digital ... digital dilemma, the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Library of Congress (LoC) have made ...

295

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

OpenAIRE

Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30) and the other of Variations2 (n=12). Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2...

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

296

Manuscriptorium Digital Library and ENRICH Project: Means for Dealing with Digital Codicology and Palaeography  

OpenAIRE

Codicology and palaeography in the digital age can be developed both through adapting existing methods and using information and communication technologies. This can be achieved e.g by projects focusing on the integration of individual resources under a single user interface. This is the aim of the Manuscriptorium digital library as well as the ENRICH project. The integration is based on the centralisation of metadata from various resources and on the distributed storage of data, mainly digit...

Uhli?r?, Zdene?k; Knoll, Adolf

2009-01-01

297

On the Library and Information Literacy Education of Vulnerable Groups  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper defines and classifies vulnerable groups, elaborates the necessity of information literacy education of vulnerable groups, analyzes the feasibility for the library to carry out the education, and then discusses specific measures taken by the library to fulfill it.

Zhu, Tian-hui

2009-01-01

298

Reflective teaching, effective learning instructional literacy for library educators  

CERN Document Server

Char Booth, an avid library education and technology advocate, introduces a series of concepts that will empower readers at any level of experience to become better designers and presenters, as well as building their confidence and satisfaction as library educators

Booth, Char

2011-01-01

299

Data Manipulation in an XML-Based Digital Image Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To help to clarify the role of XML tools and standards in supporting transition and migration towards a fully XML-based environment for managing access to information. Design/methodology/approach: The Ching Digital Image Library, built on a three-tier architecture, is used as a source of examples to illustrate a number of methods of data…

Chang, Naicheng

2005-01-01

300

Digital Library Evaluation: Toward an Evolution of Concepts.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the challenges facing digital library evaluation and suggests a conceptual framework for evaluation derived from the systems approach. A review of evaluation efforts in research and practice concentrates on derivation of criteria used in evaluation. Essential requirements for evaluation are stated. Discussed are constructs, context, and…

Saracevic, Tefko

2000-01-01

301

An Integrated System for Managing the Andalusian Parliament's Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the reorganisation of the Andalusian Parliament's digital library to improve the electronic representation and access of its official corpus by taking advantage of a document's internal organisation. Video recordings of the parliamentary sessions have also been integrated with their…

de Campos, Luis M.; Fernandez-Luna, Juan M.; Huete, Juan F.; Martin-Dancausa, Carlos J.; Tagua-Jimenez, Antonio; Tur-Vigil, Carmen

2009-01-01

302

Implementing Memento RFC 7089 for Invenio Digital Library Software  

OpenAIRE

Project Specification Implement support of Memento (RFC 7089 [1]), an HTTP framework permitting users to ‘browsethe web in the past’ via a browser extension, for Invenio digital library software. Implement an HTTP API that exposes historical versions of the research objects managed by Invenio.

Kulynych, Bogdan; Simko, Tibor

2014-01-01

303

Three-Dimensional Extension of a Digital Library Service System  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The paper aims to provide an overall methodology and case study for the innovation and extension of a digital library, especially the service system. Design/methodology/approach: Based on the three-dimensional structure theory of the information service industry, this paper combines a comprehensive analysis with the practical experiences…

Xiao, Long

2010-01-01

304

Grants for Libraries & Information Services. 2012 Digital Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication is only available as a downloadable file. See who's giving and getting grants in your field. Strengthen your search for funds with the Foundation Center's digital edition of "Grants for Libraries & Information Services." This new "Grant Guide" reveals the scope of current foundation giving in the field. You'll find descriptions of…

Foundation Center, 2011

2011-01-01

305

XML, TEI, and Digital Libraries in the Humanities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the history and major features of XML and TEI, discusses their potential utility for the creation of digital libraries, and focuses on XML's application in the humanities, particularly theater and drama studies. Highlights include HTML and hyperlinks; the impact of XML on text encoding and document access; and XML and academic…

Nellhaus, Tobin

2001-01-01

306

Imagining the Digital Library in a Commercialized Internet.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital library planning in light of Internet commerce and technological innovation in marketing and customer relations that are transforming user expectations about Web sites that offer products and services. Topics include user self-sufficiency; personalized service; artificial intelligence; collaborative filtering; and electronic…

Heckart, Ronald J.

1999-01-01

307

Safeguarding Digital Library Contents: Charging for Online Content.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates the need for mechanisms for charging by digital libraries and other providers of online content, in particular for micropayments, i.e., charging for small amounts. The SSL (Secure Socket Layer) and SET (Secure Electronic Transactions) protocols for charge card payments and the MiniPay micropayment mechanism for charging small amounts…

Herzberg, Amir

1998-01-01

308

IIM Digital Library System: Consortia-Based Approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides a framework for the design and development of an intranet model based on a consortia approach by the Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) digital library system that will facilitate information access and use by providing a single Web-enabled window to users to their own resources and to sources in other participating institutions.…

Pandian, M. Paul; Jambhekar, Ashok; Karisiddappa, C. R.

2002-01-01

309

Students’ Digital Archive at the State University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Sofia  

OpenAIRE

The paper describes the creation and content of the digital archive of photographs, films and materials from fieldwork (interviews, surveys, and observations) of students from the Information Funds of the Cultural and Historical Heritage program at the State University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, Sofia, Bulgaria. The text discusses the educational opportunities of the archive, and the plans for publishing it as CD and for conversion into an electronic archive on the Inter...

Nazarska, Georgeta

2012-01-01

310

Prototyping digital library technologies in zetoc  

OpenAIRE

zetoc is a current awareness and document delivery service providing World Wide Web and Z39.50 access to the British Library's Electronic Table of Contents database of journal articles and conference papers, along with an email alerting service. An experimental prototype version of zetoc is under development, based on open standards, including Dublin Core and XML, and using the open source, leading-edge Cheshire II information retrieval technology. Enhancements investigated in this prototype ...

Apps, Ann; Macintyre, Ross

2002-01-01

311

Hybrid library that satisfies the needs of all the citizens! ; Improving the library service through cooperation of higher-education institution libraries and public libraries ; Enthusiasm of Mr. Yasuhiro Nagata, chief librarian of Fukui prefectural library and the staff  

Science.gov (United States)

Hybrid library that satisfies the needs of all the citizens! ; Improving the library service through cooperation of higher-education institution libraries and public libraries ; Enthusiasm of Mr. Yasuhiro Nagata, chief librarian of Fukui prefectural library and the staff

Morita, Utako

312

CERN Document Server Software: the integrated digital library  

CERN Document Server

CERN as the international European Organization for Nuclear Research has been involved since its early beginnings with the open dissemination of scientific results. The dissemination started by free paper distribution of preprints by CERN Library and continued electronically via FTP bulletin boards, the World Wide Web to the current OAI-compliant CERN Document Server. CERN Document Server Software (CDSware) is a suite of applications which provides the framework and tools for building and managing an autonomous digital library server. In this paper, we discuss the design philosophy of CDSware and its modular, extensible, architecture. Each module comes as an independent entity embodying a specific aspect of digital library workflow. By means of a flow-chart we present the operational workflow of the system, depicting its module interactions. Hence, some of the key features in the CDSware technology are introduced more in detail, namely metadata representation, acquisition and delivery, indexing and ranking te...

Pepe, Alberto; Gracco, Maja; Le Meur, Jean-Yves; Robinson, Nicholas; Simko, Tibor; Vesely, Martin

2005-01-01

313

Defrosting the Digital Library: Bibliographic Tools for the Next Generation Web  

OpenAIRE

Many scientists now manage the bulk of their bibliographic information electronically, thereby organizing their publications and citation material from digital libraries. However, a library has been described as “thought in cold storage,” and unfortunately many digital libraries can be cold, impersonal, isolated, and inaccessible places. In this Review, we discuss the current chilly state of digital libraries for the computational biologist, including PubMed, IEEE Xplore, the ACM digital ...

Hull, Duncan; Pettifer, Steve R.; Kell, Douglas B.

2008-01-01

314

Bridging the Gap: A Conceptual Model of the Access of Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

This paper proposes a general conceptual model for the access of digital libraries based on relevant research in information retrieval, information seeking and foraging, and activity based design theory. The authors reveal that a gap exists in current digital library design practices in which a digital library is disconnected from its targeted user community. Search engines have disintermediated many digital library interfaces and their related evaluation and usability efforts....

Pan, Bing School Of Business And Economics; Hembrooke, Helene Human-computer Interaction Group; Gay, Geri Human-computer Interaction Group; Gonsalves, Gerald C. School Of Business And Economics

2006-01-01

315

Digital Library Use: Social Practice in Design and Evaluation (SIGs DL, IA)  

Science.gov (United States)

This proposal for a technical session presentation focused on socially-grounded approaches to understanding digital libraries; the social nature of digital libraries; and implications for the design and evaluation of digital libraries. Panelists included: Christine L. Borgman, Laura Neumann, Nancy Van House and Ann P. Bishop. (LRW)

Lynch, Clifford

2000-01-01

316

Digital libraries and World Wide Web sites and page persistence.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web pages and Web sites, some argue, can either be collected as elements of digital or hybrid libraries, or, as others would have it, the WWW is itself a library. We begin with the assumption that Web pages and Web sites can be collected and categorized. The paper explores the proposition that the WWW constitutes a library. We conclude that the Web is not a digital library. However, its component parts can be aggregated and included as parts of digital library collections. These, in turn, can be incorporated into "hybrid libraries." These are libraries with both traditional and digital collections. Material on the Web can be organized and managed. Native documents can be collected in situ, disseminated, distributed, catalogueed, indexed, controlled, in traditional library fashion. The Web therefore is not a library, but material for library collections is selected from the Web. That said, the Web and its component parts are dynamic. Web documents undergo two kinds of change. The first type, the type addressed in this paper, is "persistence" or the existence or disappearance of Web pages and sites, or in a word the lifecycle of Web documents. "Intermittence" is a variant of persistence, and is defined as the disappearance but reappearance of Web documents. At any given time, about five percent of Web pages are intermittent, which is to say they are gone but will return. Over time a Web collection erodes. Based on a 120-week longitudinal study of a sample of Web documents, it appears that the half-life of a Web page is somewhat less than two years and the half-life of a Web site is somewhat more than two years. That is to say, an unweeded Web document collection created two years ago would contain the same number of URLs, but only half of those URLs point to content. The second type of change Web documents experience is change in Web page or Web site content. Again based on the Web document samples, very nearly all Web pages and sites undergo some form of content within the period of a year. Some change content very rapidly while others do so infrequently (Koehler, 1999a. This paper examines how Web documents can be efficiently and effectively incorporated into library collections. This paper focuses on Web document lifecycles: persistence, attrition, and intermittence. While the frequency of content change has been reported (Koehler, 1999a, the degree to which those changes effect meaning and therefore the integrity of bibliographic representation is yet not fully understood. The dynamics of change sets Web libraries apart from the traditional library as well as many digital libraries. This paper seeks then to further our understanding of the Web page and Web site lifecycle. These patterns challenge the integrity and the usefulness of libraries with Web content. However, if these dynamics are understood, they can be controlled for or managed.

Wallace Koehler

1999-01-01

317

Understanding Digital Library/Museum Evaluation  

OpenAIRE

Digital Museum Program launched by National Science Council (NSC) has completed its first phase auditing at the end of 1999. The evaluation programs for DL/M at the different levels for the various purposes are highly recommended. The typical spots for DL/M evaluation include system analysis phase, prototype stage (formative evaluation), performance evaluation (summative evaluation), and for the resources management purposes -- cost-effectiveness evaluation. This paper discusses the important...

Mei-Mei Wu; Shan-Ju Lin; Mu-Hsuan Huang; Nie-Ching Yeh

1999-01-01

318

Framing the Digital Divide in Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This is the introductory article to the monograph "Redefining the Digital Divide in Higher Education". The article describes a comprehensive approach to the phenomenon of the digital divide and digital access, based on Marc Raboy and Mark Warschauer's research. This approach depicts the evolution from mere physical access to effective use of information and communication technologies in the field of higher education. Within this framework, the articles in the monograph are presented highlighting their role in contributing to a comprehensive approach and reflection on the digital divide in Higher Education.

Ismael Peña-López

2010-01-01

319

Using Amazon S3 in Digital Preservation in a mid sized academic library: A case study of CCSU ERIS digital archive system  

OpenAIRE

With the increasing numbers of born digital and digitized objects in academic libraries from sources such as digital collections and institutional repositories many academic libraries need to seriously consider implementing some form of digital preservation system. In 2009 the Central Connecticut State University Library decided to use Amazon S3 for digital preservation storage despite some drawbacks. The library has developed a system, ERIS Digital Archive, to manage all digital preservation...

Edward Iglesias; Wittawat Meesangnil

2010-01-01

320

IEEE Xplore digital library [electronic resource].  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The content in IEEE Xplore comprises over 160 journals, over 1,200 conference proceedings, more than 3,800 technical standards, over 1,000 eBooks and over 300 educational courses. Approximately 25,000 new documents are added to IEEE Xplore each month.

321

Utah State University Digital Library: Animal Bells  

Science.gov (United States)

Animal belling traditions started in Africa over 5,000 years ago. Today bells are used on animals around the world, and this rather novel collection from the Utah State University Libraries takes a look at how bells "create relationships with cultures, landscapes, and livestock." The collection is based on the works of Thad Box, retired dean of Utah State University's College of Natural Resources. Box collected bells from dozens of countries, and these unique items form the backbone of this particular exhibit. The exhibit contains 185 items, ranging from camel bells from Somalia to books that study the use of bells by different groups of nomads in the Horn of Africa. Visitors will appreciate the fact that there are different views for each item, which afford them a complete view of these artifacts.

2012-05-18

322

Book Review of: Digital Libraries: Principles and Practice in a Global Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A simple search in the Amazon bookstore (Amazon.com returns more than 300 books with the term digital library/libraries in their title. 'Digital libraries' is a topic that has been attracting a great deal of attention from researchers in a variety of academic disciplines – especially the library and information science (LIS, and computer science communities. However, there is no consensus on the formal definition of digital libraries. This is partly due to the fact that researchers in different fields look at digital libraries from different perspectives.

Hamid R. Jamali

2006-03-01

323

Open Access, Open Source and Digital Libraries: A Current Trend in University Libraries around the World  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the open access and open source movement in the digital library world. Design/methodology/approach: A review of key developments in the open access and open source movement is provided. Findings: Open source software and open access to research findings are of great use to scholars in developing…

Krishnamurthy, M.

2008-01-01

324

Understanding Digital Library/Museum Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Museum Program launched by National Science Council (NSC has completed its first phase auditing at the end of 1999. The evaluation programs for DL/M at the different levels for the various purposes are highly recommended. The typical spots for DL/M evaluation include system analysis phase, prototype stage (formative evaluation, performance evaluation (summative evaluation, and for the resources management purposes -- cost-effectiveness evaluation. This paper discusses the important functions of evaluation at the different stages of system design, reviews the major DL/M evaluation projects, delineates the critical issues of DL/M evaluation program. And finally, a theoretical framework for DL/M evaluation program is suggested.[Article content in Chinese

Mei-Mei Wu

1999-12-01

325

Invenio: A Modern Digital Library System for Grey Literature  

OpenAIRE

Invenio is an integrated digital library system originally developed at CERN to run the CERN Document Server, currently one of the largest institutional repositories worldwide. It was started over 15 years ago and has been matured through many release cycles. Invenio is a GPL2 Open Source project based on an Apache/WSGI+Python+MySQL architecture. Its modular design enables it to serve a wide variety of usages, from a multimedia digital object repository, to a web journal, to a fully functiona...

Caffaro, Jerome; Kaplun, Samuele; Greynet, Grey Literature Network Service

2010-01-01

326

A Digital Library for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe the digital library (DL) for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the NACA Technical Report Server (NACATRS). The predecessor organization for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), NACA existed from 1915 until 1958. The primary manifestation of NACA's research was the NACA report series. We describe the process of converting this collection of reports to digital format and making it available on the World Wide Web (WWW) and is a node in the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS). We describe the current state of the project, the resulting DL technology developed from the project, and the future plans for NACATRS.

Nelson, Michael L.

1999-01-01

327

The Application of ElGamal Encryption Technology to the Information Security of Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????Nowadays, the construction and application of digital library leads a new era of the way people obtain knowledge and information, and promotes the academic exchanges and social progress. Digital library, however, also involves great risk, hacker attacks become the main threat of the information security of digital library, and may probably cause the loss and damage of the information resources in library. This article mainly introduces the advantages and the potential safety hazard of digital library, and then makes an analysis aiming at the information security of digital library, and finally puts forward an algorithm based on ElGamal encryption to protect library information encryptedly, and effectively guarantee the information security of digital library.

Zhang Fu jun

2013-07-01

328

Capturing and Analyzing User Behavior in Large Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

The size of digital libraries is increasing, making navigation and access to information more challenging. Improving the system by observing the users’ activities can help at providing better services to users of very large digital libraries. In this paper we explain how the Invenio open-source software, used by the CERN Document Server (CDS) allows fine grained logging of user behavior. In the first phase, the sequence of actions performed by users of CDS is captured, while in the second phase statistical data is calculated offline. This paper explains these two steps and the results. Although the analyzed system focuses on the high energy physics literature, the process could be applicable to other scientific communities, with and international, large user base.

Gvianishvili, Giorgi; Šimko, Tibor; Caffaro, Jérôme; Marian, Ludmila; Kaplun, Samuele; Chan, Belinda; Rajman, Martin

2010-01-01

329

Improving Semantic Search in Digital Libraries Using Multimedia Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Semantic search of cultural content is of major importance in current digital libraries, such as in Europeana. Content metadata constitute the main features of cultural items that are analysed, mapped and used to interpret users' queries, so that the most appropriate content is selected and presented to the users. Multimedia, especially visual, analysis, has not been a main component in these developments. This paper presents a new semantic search methodology, including a query answering mechanism which meets the semantics of users' queries and enriches the answers by exploiting appropriate visual features, both local and MPEG-7, through an interweaved knowledge and machine learning based approach. An experimental study is presented, using content from the Europeana digital library, and involving both thematic knowledge and extracted visual features from Europeana images, illustrating the improved performance of the proposed semantic search approach.

Ilianna Kollia

2012-04-01

330

Multi-lingual Information Retrieval in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the advancements of the Internet and the Digital Library Initiatives in the U.S.A., the research of digital library has been flourished around the world. Recently the increasing availability of networked access to multilingual text collections within such an environment has drawn much attention in the development of cross-language retrieval technology. This article is used to structure a comprehensive discussion of published research and known commercial practice in the western world on the topic. In addition to the focus on the characteristics of Chinese text collections, some brief observations of the potential for multilingual information retrieval are also discussed in details.[Article content in Chinese

Hsiao-Tieh Pu

1997-12-01

331

University of Colorado Digital Music Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The rotating first image on this site sums it all up: whether visitors are treated to "The Girl I Loved Out in the Golden West," "The Cowboy Rag," or "Dreaming on the Silv'ry Rio Grande," all of the covers invoke the American west. This musical archive contains hundreds of pieces of music, which visitors can browse alphabetically. Those with a geographical bent may wish to look over pieces of music that feature the state of Colorado. This area is quite interesting, as it includes songs like 1913's "Good Old Denver Town" and 1916's rousing "The skies are blue in Colorado." Visitors can use the Search Sheet Music section to look for items of interest by keyword and date. The site also contains copious details on the digitization process, copyright information, and other sheet music sites. One other helpful section of this site is the Collection Descriptions area. Here visitors can learn more about the specific collections areas, which include those that bring together ragtime numbers and the Western Trails collection, featuring songs that address westward migration.

332

The Application of ElGamal Encryption Technology to the Information Security of Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

????Nowadays, the construction and application of digital library leads a new era of the way people obtain knowledge and information, and promotes the academic exchanges and social progress. Digital library, however, also involves great risk, hacker attacks become the main threat of the information security of digital library, and may probably cause the loss and damage of the information resources in library. This article mainly introduces the advantages and the potential safety hazar...

Zhang Fu jun

2013-01-01

333

Historical Air Photo Digitization Project University of Waterloo Map Library  

OpenAIRE

The University Map Library (UML) at the University of Waterloo developed an onlinecollection of digitized and georeferenced aerial photography of the Kitchener-Waterlooarea from the 1930s and 1940s. Using GIS technology, the air photos were digitizedwith geographical coordinate tags for use in GIS software programs including onlinemapping applications such as Google Earth (GE). By creating and offeringdownloadable georeferenced images compatible with popular mapping tools, the airphotos have ...

Eva Dodsworth

2008-01-01

334

Concept Extraction and Clustering for Topic Digital Library Construction  

OpenAIRE

This paper is to introduce a new approach to build topic digital library using concept extraction and document clustering. Firstly, documents in a special domain are automatically produced by document classification approach. Then, the keywords of each document are extracted using the machine learning approach. The keywords are used to cluster the documents subset. The clustered result is the taxonomy of the subset. Lastly, the taxonomy is modified to the hierarchic...

Chengzhi, Zhang; Dan, Wu

2008-01-01

335

Interoperability of Web Archives and Digital Libraries : A Delphi Study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The interoperability of web archives and digital libraries is crucial to avoid silos of preserved data and content. While various researches focus on specfic facets of the challenge to interoperate, there is a lack of empirical work about the overall situation of actual challenges. We conduct a Delphi study to survey and reveal the insights of experts in the field. Results of our study are presented in this paper to enhance further research and development efforts for interoperability.

Trier, Matthias

2013-01-01

336

Exploitation of Information Processing Technologies to Extend Digital Library Applications  

OpenAIRE

???1-11

This paper discusses exploitation of information processing technologies to extend digital library applications to a new dimension. The discussion focuses on the following three information processing technologies.

&l...

Jian-Hua Yeh?Jia-Yanh Chang?Yen-Jen Oyan

1999-01-01

337

Observing cassette culture: user interface implications for digital music libraries  

OpenAIRE

Many people keep their collections of music on cassette tape even if they rarely listen to them. Images of these collections can be found online on photo sharing websites. What can we learn from such collections and what might they tell us about designing interfaces for new digital music libraries? The author conducts an online ethnographic study of over two hundred cassette tape collections, and over sixty participants with the aim of guiding future design of music collections. The author pr...

Toal, Jason

2007-01-01

338

Digital Libraries for Humanities Scholars: An empirical study of users’ information behaviors  

OpenAIRE

While user-centered design has been emphasized, much of the discussion of digital libraries is concerned about choosing Web-based technology to create a digitized collection and establish related infrastructure. An investigation into the potential users of a community-based digital library suggests that some critical social, ecological and cultural aspects of information-related behavior of those users need to be taken into account for a digital library to accomplish its goals. This paper rep...

Chang, Shan-ju L.

1999-01-01

339

Empowering Students in Information Literacy Practices Using a Collaborative Digital Library for School Projects  

OpenAIRE

This paper examines the affordances that a collaborative digital library (CDL) can bring to bear on supporting information literacy practices in the digital information environment. It suggests that the digital library can contribute to student empowerment in information literacy practices while searching, using and collaboratively building the digital library resources. To illustrate this, the authors have been experimenting with the implementation of an integrated information literacy model...

Abrizah Abdullah; Zainab, A. N.

2008-01-01

340

Information Seeking Behaviours of Business Students and the Development of Academic Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives ? To gain insight into the extent to which user information?seeking behaviours should inform the design and development of Digital Libraries in an academic setting, a study was carried out at Dalhousie University, Canada to explore the information?seeking behaviours of business students.Methods ? The students studied were drawn from the School of Business Administration at Dalhousie University, Canada. The study was based on qualitative and quantitative data collected through a survey, in?depth semi?structured interviews, observational study and document analysis. Qualitative case study data was coded using QSR N6 qualitative data analysis software. The data was categorized using Atkinson’s “Model of BusinessInformation Users’ Expectations” and Renda and Straccia‘s personalized collaborative DL model. Atkinson’s model defines the expectations of business students in terms of cost, time,effort required, pleasure and the avoidance of pain. Renda and Straccia’s model of a personalized and collaborative digital library centres around three concepts: actors, objects, and functionality. The survey data was analysed using the Zoomerang software.Results ? The study results revealed that students tend to select resources based on cost(free or for fee, accessibility, ease of use, speed of delivery (of results, and convenience. The results showed that similar to Atkinson’s findings, the business students’ information seeking behaviour is influenced by the concepts of cost?benefit and break?even analyses that underlie business education. Concerning speed of delivery and convenience, the organization of the resources was paramount. Students preferred user?defined resource lists, alert services, and expert?created business resource collections. When asked about the usefulness of potential digital library functionalities, students valued a personalized user interface and communal virtual spaces to share information and communicate in real?time with their peers.Conclusion ? This study reveals that when digital libraries are developed, user behaviours and needs should be taken into consideration. It demonstrates that the activity as well as the “user’s orientation and motivation” (here the business student training can directly influence the design and use of a digital tool. In other words, this study confirms a new typology of a business digital information user or use behaviour, one that requires the building of dedicated accredited library research systems. Providing information and information tools tailored to this specific audience is more likely to increase the appeal and use of an academic business digital library.

Kelli WooShue

2006-12-01

341

W.Y. ARMS, Digital Libraries; Cambridge: The Mit Press, 2000 [XI], 287 p. (Digital Libraries and Electronic Publishing) [Italian review  

OpenAIRE

Everyone speaks of digital library, but there is not an exact definition of it, yet. Despite years of discussions on this theme, scholars did not find an agreement on the term. William Y. Arms, teacher of information science at the Cornell University and founder of "D-Lib Magazine", tried recentrly to define the state of art in his essay "Digital Libraries".

Capaccioni, Andrea

2000-01-01

342

Kujawsko-Pomorska Digital Library (KPBC – kpbc.umk.pl): the pragmatics of creating a digital library  

OpenAIRE

The article talks about developing a practical model for creating a digital library, which is still quite an experimental activity in Poland. Based on her team’s experiences in creating the KPBC, the author discusses steps to project planning and completion, such as, defining project components, objectives, foundation, team management issues and criteria for team selection. Furthermore, the author deals with planning and supervision of work processes, provides an outline of reco...

Bednarek-michalska, Boz?ena

2006-01-01

343

Library+  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses possible future directions for academic libraries in the post Web/Library 2.0 world. These possible directions include areas such as data literacy, linked data sets, and opportunities for libraries in support of digital humanities. The author provides a brief sketch of the background information regarding the topics and…

Merrill, Alex

2011-01-01

344

Digital Libraries in Nigeria in the Era of Global Change: A Perspective of the Major Challenges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The world is witnessing a rapid and progressive transformation as a result of IT revolution, which has predominated all aspects of societal development. One of such transformations has manifested in the form of digital libraries. The evolution of digital libraries has ensured the emergence of global networked environment that has dramatically changed the face of libraries, their functions, services as well as their storage and delivery systems. In this perspective, the paper examines the status of digital libraries in Nigeria. It also analyzes the Nigerian information environment within the context of an escalating situation in terms of funding, infrastructure, and ICT policy. The paper concludes that if digital libraries in Nigeria are to survive, drastic and progressive action needs to be taken to overcome some the aforementioned issues. Governments and sponsoring bodies of libraries must provide all the necessary funding and support for library development especially the digital libraries.

Bappah Magaji Abubakar Abubakar

2010-12-01

345

A Survey of the Usability of Digital Reference Services on Academic Health Science Library Web Sites  

Science.gov (United States)

Reference interactions with patrons in a digital library environment using digital reference services (DRS) has become widespread. However, such services in many libraries appear to be underutilized. A study surveying the ease and convenience of such services for patrons in over 100 academic health science library Web sites suggests that…

Dee, Cheryl; Allen, Maryellen

2006-01-01

346

Automated Categorization Scheme for Digital Libraries in Distance Learning: A Pattern Recognition Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries play a crucial role in distance learning. Nowadays, they are one of the fundamental information sources for the students enrolled in this learning system. These libraries contain huge amount of instructional data (text, audio and video) offered by the distance learning program. Organization of the digital libraries is…

Gunal, Serkan

2008-01-01

347

Applying Library Policies for Digital Content Access to the Commercial Sector  

OpenAIRE

The digital content of libraries is different from commercial digital products, such as computer applications, software tools, and computer code or data streams, but they have the same sharing, reproduction and distribution digital properties and similar knowledge management problems. We examine the policies applied to commercial and library digital content. We classify the commercial digital products, according to their use and distribution properties, and we analyze their policy components....

Koulouris, Alexandros; Kapidakis, Sarantos; Makedon, Fillia

2005-01-01

348

Educating Digital Curators: Challenges and Opportunities  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes a number of critical challenges faced by digital curation educators and suggests how the choices we make in building educational programs may impact the development of curation as a professional discipline. We focus on curriculum and program building as key steps in defining the educational needs of curators, and we argue for greater collaboration among educators, researchers and practitioners in the field, as a way to speed the emergence of curation as a discipline and t...

Botticelli, Peter; Fulton, Bruce; Pearce-moses, Richard; Szuter, Christine; Watters, Pete

2011-01-01

349

Advantages and disadvantages of digital education  

OpenAIRE

The digitization of education in Poland is spreading into more and more areas. Therefore, it becomes necessary to analyse all its aspects, both advantages and disadvantages. In the performed reflection, an attempt to present the current state of the access to computers, the Internet and e-course books in Polish schools has been made. On the basis of the secondary analysis of various recent studies as well as own research performed, it has been determined that the level of digitization of educ...

Ma?kosa, Pawe?

2013-01-01

350

High Res at High Speed: Automated Delivery of High-Resolution Images from Digital Library Collections  

Science.gov (United States)

As primary source materials in the library are digitized and made available online, the focus of related library services is shifting to include new and innovative methods of digital delivery via social media, digital storytelling, and community-based and consortial image repositories. Most images on the Web are not of sufficient quality for most…

Westbrook, R. Niccole; Watkins, Sean

2012-01-01

351

Exploring Convergence: Digitized Multimedia Collections among Museums, Archives, and Libraries (SIGs CR, VIS).  

Science.gov (United States)

This planned session discusses access to digital multimedia objects; integrated intellectual access, resource discovery, finding aids, and cross-domain metadata among museum, archive, and library information systems; information sharing; electronic access to a historic costume collection; access to digital music libraries; and digital

Beebe, Caroline

2000-01-01

352

Use of OsiriX in developing a digital radiology teaching library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Widespread adoption of digital imaging in clinical practice and for the image-based examinations of the Royal College of Radiologists has created a desire to provide a digital radiology teaching library in many hospital departments around the UK. This article describes our experience of using OsiriX software in developing digital radiology teaching libraries. PMID:24880758

Shamshuddin, S; Matthews, H R

2014-10-01

353

Ghanaian Library and Information Science Professionals’ Conceptions of Digital Libraries :A phenomenographic study  

OpenAIRE

Digital libraries (DLs) have received much attention from many institutions and countries in recent times. Discussions on the concept are concentrated in the advanced world. Contribution to the discussion on DLs from developing countries is very insignificant. The concept of DLs has been given different definitions. This is because professionals perceive it differently from their various professional viewpoints. Inadequate technological advancement is a problem in developing countries includi...

Boamah, Eric

2009-01-01

354

Digital educational resources : the case of Manual Digital II????  

OpenAIRE

The textbook has been a privileged element for teachers, students and parents to support acquisition and construction of knowledge. However, in the information and knowledge society, we are witnessing the introduction, increasingly intense, of technology in the classroom, starting from the early years of schooling. Still worthy of being studied, the supply of digital educational content for primary education, is little known, especially with regard to the quality of existing resources and the...

Barros, Elisabete Passos; Os Rio, Ant Nio Jos; Ramos, Altina; Moreira, Carlos; Gon Alves, Lara

2014-01-01

355

Historical Air Photo Digitization Project University of Waterloo Map Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The University Map Library (UML at the University of Waterloo developed an onlinecollection of digitized and georeferenced aerial photography of the Kitchener-Waterlooarea from the 1930s and 1940s. Using GIS technology, the air photos were digitizedwith geographical coordinate tags for use in GIS software programs including onlinemapping applications such as Google Earth (GE. By creating and offeringdownloadable georeferenced images compatible with popular mapping tools, the airphotos have gained significant popularity and utilization by not only regular library usersbut by community groups, organizations and corporations who have never used libraryresources before. The integration of modern technology with traditional paper mappinghas proven to be both a method of preservation and a means of increasing and varyingutilization of the collection.

Eva Dodsworth

2008-12-01

356

The INVENT framework: Examining the role of information visualization in the reconceptualization of digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

The objective of this paper is to show how information visualization can play an important and catalytic role in the reconceptualization of digital libraries as interactive knowledge environments. Information visualization has long been described as a beneficial and promising technology for digital libraries. Today, however, few digital libraries rely on information visualization concepts and techniques. This is because the research agenda has been dominated by first-generation challenges, su...

Fast, Karl Faculty Of Information And Media Studies; Sedig, Kamran Faculty Of Information And Media Studies

2006-01-01

357

A Quantum Leap : Innovation in the Evolving Digital Library  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is an honor to give the Lazerow lecture tonight and to discuss digital library developments from the perspective of working at a national laboratory. Tonight I would like to consider what lies ahead given the evolution in scientific research, how that impacts the development of digital libraries, and finally, look at some of the challenges ahead of us. I'm particularly interested in giving this talk tonight because it provides an opportunity to talk to those of you who are students. You represent the next generation of professionals who will to confront some of the challenges I will outline tonight, as well as those of you who are the mentors and teachers of the next generation. The two roles are pivotal in terms of the challenges on the horizon. Most of you are familiar with the information literacy challenges we face as a nation. As the library director of a national laboratory's science library, I am also acutely aware that we also have a real problem with the lack of scientific literacy within the general population in this country and it has a corresponding impact on decision-making in a technological society. Those of us engaged in supporting scientific research, or just generally interested, should be concerned about this fact because science and technology are at the foundation of our success as a nation in the 20th Century. For our nation to continue to be successful in the 21st Century, we will need to improve on the state of scientific literacy.

Luce, R. E. (Richard E.)

2002-01-01

358

Lyceum: A Multi-Protocol Digital Library Gateway  

Science.gov (United States)

Lyceum is a prototype scalable query gateway that provides a logically central interface to multi-protocol and physically distributed, digital libraries of scientific and technical information. Lyceum processes queries to multiple syntactically distinct search engines used by various distributed information servers from a single logically central interface without modification of the remote search engines. A working prototype (http://www.larc.nasa.gov/lyceum/) demonstrates the capabilities, potentials, and advantages of this type of meta-search engine by providing access to over 50 servers covering over 20 disciplines.

Maa, Ming-Hokng; Nelson, Michael L.; Esler, Sandra L.

1997-01-01

359

USC Digital Library: Charlotta Bass/California Eagle Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

Charlotta Bass was born in Sumter, South Carolina in 1879 and moved to Los Angeles in 1910. Two years later, she purchased the California Eagle, one of the oldest African American newspapers in the west. Over the next forty years, she used the paper to advance a range of social causes and community activism including voter registration, housing, and employment discrimination. The staff members at the USC Digital Library project have created this fantastic digital collection of over 780 photos from the archives of the California Eagle. As the paper documented African American life in Los Angeles for many years, it is a fine way to learn about urban history and the African American community in the area. Visitors can search the entire collection by keyword, and they can also create their own customized collections for future reference.

2012-04-06

360

An Evaluation Model of Digital Educational Resources  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract—Today, the use of digital educational resources in teaching and learning is considerably expanding. Such expansion calls educators and computer scientists to reflect more on the design of such products. However, this reflection exposes a number of criteria and recommendations that can guide and direct any teaching tool design be it campus-based or online (e-learning. Our work is at the heart of this issue. We suggest, through this article, examining academic, pedagogical, didactic and technical criteria to conduct this study which aims to evaluate the quality of digital educational resources. Our approach consists in addressing the specific and relevant factors of each evaluation criterion. We will then explain the detailed structure of the evaluation instrument used : “evaluation grid”. Finally, we show the evaluation outcomes based on the conceived grid and then we establish an analytical evaluation of the state of the art of digital educational resources.

Abderrahim El Mhouti

2013-05-01

361

A Survey of Complex Object Technologies for Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Many early web-based digital libraries (DLs) had implicit assumptions reflected in their architecture that the unit of focus in the DL (frequently "reports" or "e-prints") would only be manifested in a single, or at most a few, common file formats such as PDF or PostScript. DLs have now matured to the point where their contents are commonly no longer simple files. Complex objects in DLs have emerged from in response to various requirements, including: simple aggregation of formats and supporting files, bundling additional information to aid digital preservation, creating opaque digital objects for e-commerce applications, and the incorporation of dynamic services with the traditional data files. We examine a representative (but not necessarily exhaustive) number of current and recent historical web-based complex object technologies and projects that are applicable to DLs: Aurora, Buckets, ComMentor, Cryptolopes, Digibox, Document Management Alliance, FEDORA, Kahn-Wilensky Framework Digital Objects, Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard, Multivalent Documents, Open eBooks, VERS Encapsulated Objects, and the Warwick Framework.

Nelson, Michael L.; Argue, Brad; Efron, Miles; Denn, Sheila; Pattuelli, Maria Cristina

2001-01-01

362

An Evaluative Study of Some Selected Libraries in India Undergoing the Process of Digitization  

OpenAIRE

Digitization of collections enables wide dissemination of content from our documentary heritage and increases access to rare documents and current research literature in library collections. Indian digitization initiatives have produced a vast amount of digitized documents. They are made accessible through intranets or Internet channels. However, maintaining an Internet-based online digital library system has several problems such as availability of web server for 24X7 timeframe, robust broa...

Das, Anup Kumar

2008-01-01

363

Using Amazon S3 in Digital Preservation in a mid sized academic library: A case study of CCSU ERIS digital archive system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the increasing numbers of born digital and digitized objects in academic libraries from sources such as digital collections and institutional repositories many academic libraries need to seriously consider implementing some form of digital preservation system. In 2009 the Central Connecticut State University Library decided to use Amazon S3 for digital preservation storage despite some drawbacks. The library has developed a system, ERIS Digital Archive, to manage all digital preservation processes and to make the system as compliant with the OAIS model and "Trustworthy Digital Repositories" as possible.

Edward Iglesias

2010-12-01

364

Determining the Publication Impact of a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

We attempt to assess the publication impact of a digital library (DL) of aerospace scientific and technical information (STI). The Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS) is a digital library of over 1,400 electronic publications authored by NASA Langley Research Center personnel or contractors and has been available in its current World Wide Web (WWW) form since 1994. In this study, we examine calendar year 1997 usage statistics of LTRS and the Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI), a facility that archives and distributes hard copies of NASA and aerospace information. We also perform a citation analysis on some of the top publications distributed by LTRS. We find that although LTRS distributes over 71,000 copies of publications (compared with an estimated 24,000 copies from CASI), citation analysis indicates that LTRS has almost no measurable publication impact. We discuss the caveats of our investigation, speculate on possible different models of usage facilitated by DLs , and suggest retrieval analysis as a complementary metric to citation analysis. While our investigation failed to establish a relationship between LTRS and increased citations and raises at least as many questions as it answers, we hope it will serve as a invitation to, and guide for, further research in the use of DLs.

Kaplan, Nancy R.; Nelson, Michael L.

2000-01-01

365

Webinar – Education through Digital Collaboration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Transition in the learning habits and trends of students is evident from the traditional text based to the current dynamic modes like world-wide web, CAI and simulation. Webinar as a learning technology offers a platform to overcome the gap in this digital divide and help the students get acquainted with the latest. A case describing the use of webinar by Infosys helps the reader comprehend the digital collaboration webinar offers discussing its shortcomings and benefits.

Anuradha Verma

2010-05-01

366

Digital publics and participatory education  

OpenAIRE

This article—a collaborative exploration between instructors, students, and members of the broader, digital classroom community—explores how the strategic incorporation of sociotechnical networks and digital technologies facilitates literate practices that extend the classroom in productive ways. The article builds toward coauthors’ reflective practices (Schön, 1983), or “participatory perspectives”, had during an undergraduate English Studies course at a mid-sized, public, Americ...

Mcnely, Brian J.; Teston, Christa B.; Bolutife Olorunda; Noah Dunker

2010-01-01

367

The usability issues of faceted navigation in digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The last decade transformed faceted navigation from a “nice-to-have” into a “must-have functionality” for all online web services that contain a search function. The movement has been started by commercial websites, such as online clothing stores, with the purpose of facilitating access to the products.Now, faceted search seems to be more and more well-known within the community of information institutions and their digital services, too, as for example the online catalogue ofthe Library of Congress or Europeana show. In this context, as well, the feature is often sold as an added value to access the content of their sites in a more effective way. Still, experience shows that the use of faceted navigation in a digital library context is more complex than for online clothing stores. For this reason, it is important to focus on the usability of such functionalities and to test it as often as possible during implementation and regular use, as well. Site providers have to be aware of one important fact: a faceted search that has not been implemented correctly or does not work in the way the user expects it, will create frustration and/or not be used at all. This implies in a worst case scenario that users don’t come back to the site anymore, and may even spread their negative experience among the community. To prevent this, usability tests, either with experts or real users, should be conducted regularly.This can be done with common usability tests, using direct human interaction with a system, or with online tests, where test user are free to fill in the test whenever they want. In both cases, test results illuminate a system’s weaknesses and expose dysfunctional issues, which should be improved in order to offer a positive experience to its users.For more than five years, the project ACCEPT, a subproject of a Swiss national project called e-lib.ch, analyzes the usability and usefulness of digital libraries, by using user oriented methods. Experience has shown that filters provided through faceted navigation are considered as positive and very useful by end users. Nevertheless, based on different test results, several returning mistakes have been detected and it turns out that there are some ‘unwritten standards’ concerning e.g. position, labelling or ranking which should be respected to fulfil the aim of a good usability which users do expect of such web services. In this poster we will first give an introduction to faceted navigation, actual design issues and their use in digital libraries and then present testing methods, which can be easily applied in a digital library context. Together with a list of best practices concerning faceted navigation drawn out of different test experiences, the paper should give the reader all important information to evaluate its current faceted navigation and see where improvements could be made.

Eliane Blumer

2014-07-01

368

Children Digital Libraries and User Interfaces: Proposing a Set of Criteria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to investigate the user interfaces of the most important world`s children digital libraries and consider their conformity with the experts' opinions. This is done with the aim of proposing a set of unique and applicable criteria for Iranian children digital libraries that was not provided by the previous studies. The data for this study were collected by a check list for each of 6 world's most famous children digital libraries. This study applied survey as its methodology. This study showed that the compliance of the children digital libraries with selected criteria totally was 63.43 percent. Among the analyzed criteria, the criterion of "study facilities of retrieved resources" (94.33 percent and "options for customizing the texts" (3.33 per cent indicated the highest and lowest level respectively. From the expert's point of view, the option of "show error messages" reached the maximum and "customizing the texts" grasped the minimum levels. Finally, based on the study outcomes, a set of criteria is proposed for children digital library user interfaces. Due to the lack of a known and complete list on the web, some important children digital libraries might be missed. Also, the proposed set of criteria only can be used to evaluate the user interfaces of children digital libraries. Applying a unique set of criteria in designing children's digital Library interfaces could increase the amount of children`s use of such libraries.

Zeinab Sedighi

2013-06-01

369

Representation of Digital Material preserved in a Library Context  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article explores preservation of digital material in a library context with a focus on logical object modelling that takes both preservation and dissemination into account. The article describes normalisation of data expressed via a logical object model. This logical object model is designed to support the requirements for joint preservation and dissemination. Additionally the article includes a suggestion for a possible implementation that respects the logical object model. Formulation, of the requirements and possible implementation for a logical object model, is based on observation of current trends, as well as results from a research project on preservation strategies for libraries. The research project has been carried out at the Royal Library of Denmark, and it is based on a case study of a 10 year old web application containing the Archive of Danish Literature. The formulated requirements include e.g. requirements for many-to-many migration in preservation and requirements for homogenous navigation and social networking in dissemination. Many of the described observations and results have parallels to other types of material. These parallels are partly described, and thus the results can be used as a contribution to development of systems and strategies for preservation and dissemination in the new decade and beyond.

Zierau, Eld

2010-01-01

370

Libraries, Knowledge Management, and Higher Education in an Electronic Environment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses transformational change in academic libraries, as digital technology alters how services are provided, research is conducted, and learning occurs. Highlights include: advantages of libraries over the World Wide Web; redefining the knowledge management paradigm; two different types of information (i.e., explicit and tacit); a…

Hawkins, Brian

371

Growing into the Digital Age: A Small Academic Library Confronts the Practical Challenges of Transition  

OpenAIRE

This paper outlines the recent history of the Benedictine College Library and traces the development of the library’s digital collections since 2006. The librarians have worked to provide an integrated search solution through the EBSCO Discovery Service and streamline off-campus access through EZPROXY. As the library’s electronic resources have grown, we have continued to support its historic core collection in the humanities as well as some unique and eclectic special collections. A rang...

Steven Gromatzky

2014-01-01

372

Mass Digitization at the Complutense University Library: Access to and Preservation of its Cultural Heritage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the mid-1990s, the Library of the Complutense of Madrid (UCM applied the growing body of new technologies to a pioneering project: the digitization of a valuable collection of biomedical books. The result of the project was the Dioscorides Digital Library. Up to 2006, however, the pace of digitization was very slow, resulting in only 3,000 books and 50,000 digitized engravings. In September 2006, the Complutense University and Google signed a partnership agreement for the purpose of carrying out large-scale digitization of our public domain collections. The Complutense University Library is participating in this mass-digitization project with the following goals: To improve the discovery of the cultural heritage of Complutense and increase the number of potential readers; To fulfil its public service mission; To preserve and protect the original books; To enhance students’ and faculty research. By early 2011, the Complutense Library had digitized roughly 120,000 out-of- copyright books from the 16th to the 19th centuries. All these materials are easily accessible via the Complutense Library Catalogue, Google Books and HathiTrust Digital Library. The Complutense University of Madrid joined the HathiTrust Digital Library in November 2010, which allowed books digitized by Google to be stored on HathiTrust servers. The HathiTrust Digital Library is both a digital preservation repository and a platform for access. It provides long-term preservation and access services for public domain and in-copyright content from a variety of sources, including Google, the Internet Archive, Microsoft, and in-house partner institution initiatives. In early 2011, the number of HathiTrust public domain volumes reached the two million mark and the collection exceeded eight million volumes. In addition, and complementing the above, the digital content of the Complutense University Library will be aggregated to Europeana during 2011 and 2012.

José A. Magán

2011-10-01

373

The Library Is Dead, Long Live the Library! The Practice of Academic Librarianship and the Digital Revolution  

Science.gov (United States)

As a direct consequence of the digital revolution, academic libraries today face competition as information providers. Using Richard N. Foster's technology S curves as the analytical model, this article shows that academic libraries are in the midst of discontinuous change by questioning a number of assumptions that support the current practice of…

Ross, Lyman; Sennyey, Pongracz

2008-01-01

374

Report of the Second Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries : in conjunction with the European Conference on Digital Libraries Corfu, Greece, 2 October 2009  

OpenAIRE

The mission of the international workshop series on Very Large Digital Libraries (VLDLs) is to provide researchers, practitioners and application developers with a forum fostering a constructive exchange among all key actors in the field of Very Large Digital Libraries. Its long-term and ambitious goal is to discuss the foundations of VLDLs and establish it as a research field on its own, with well-defined areas, models, trends, open problems, and technology. The main outcome of the first VLD...

Ioannidis, Yannis; Manghi, Paolo; Pagano, Pasquale

2009-01-01

375

A Digital Library of Folklore Songs and Keyword-Based Search Engine  

OpenAIRE

We present a full text search engine in a digital library of Bulgarian folklore songs - in the lyrics and scores of the songs. The deployment of the digital library on the cloud as well as the technical requirements for providing our data to Europeana are discussed.

Kirov, Kiril; Kirov, Nikolay

2012-01-01

376

What Is Digital Humanities and What’s it Doing in the Library?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  tl;dr – Libraries and digital humanities have the same goals. Stop asking if the library has a role, or what it is, and start getting involved in digital projects that are already happening. Advocate for new expanded roles and responsibilities to be able to do this. Become producers/creators in collaboration with scholars rather than servants [...

Micah Vandegrift

2012-06-01

377

A Comparative Study of Digital Library Use: Factors, Perceived Influences, and Satisfaction  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the extent to which undergraduate and graduate students in China differ in their digital library use. Unlike the factors promoting digital library use, non-use factors, perceived influences, and degree of satisfaction are quite different between undergraduate and graduate students due to their differing emphases and…

Liu, Ziming; Luo, Lili

2011-01-01

378

What Is Digital Humanities and What’s it Doing in the Library?  

OpenAIRE

 tl;dr – Libraries and digital humanities have the same goals. Stop asking if the library has a role, or what it is, and start getting involved in digital projects that are already happening. Advocate for new expanded roles and responsibilities to be able to do this. Become producers/creators in collaboration with scholars rather than servants [...

Micah Vandegrift

2012-01-01

379

Construcción de un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales dentro del proyecto de Biblioteca Digital Colombiana / Development of a virtual course on digital libraries as part of the Project of the Colombian Digital Library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el marco del desarrollo del proyecto de investigación aplicada ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana-BDCOL'' uno de sus objetivos fue establecer una base común de conocimientos que permitiera a la mayor cantidad de instituciones participar en el proyecto e iniciar la construcción de sus [...] repositorios digitales. Al consultar a la comunidad académica y bibliotecológica de las principales universidades del país, se evidenciaron las diferencias de conocimiento respecto a la temática de las bibliotecas y repositorios digitales, por lo que decidió crear y ofrecer un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales a instituciones miembros de la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA. Este artículo presenta: a) el contexto proporcionado por el Proyecto Biblioteca Digital Colombiana; b) la metodología de diseño instruccional del curso; c) la estructura de contenidos y las estrategias pedagógicas establecidas; d) la divulgación, selección de los participantes; e) la evaluación y las conclusiones del curso y las recomendaciones para hacer ajustes relacionadas con el tiempo necesario para completar el curso; y por último, f) la gestión de información y del conocimiento. Con este curso se posibilitó la generación de una base de conocimiento común entre las instituciones vinculadas al proyecto BDCOL y constituye un referente sobre esta temática para la formaciónautoformación en otros momentos y contextos. Abstract in english In the development of the applied research project ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana- BDCOL'' (''Creation of the Colombian Digital Library''), one of the objectives was to establish a common ground of knowledge that would allow the biggest number of institutions to participate in the pr [...] oject and begin to build their own digital repositories. When academic and librarian communities in the main universities of the country were consulted, the differences as to the knowledge about digital libraries and repositories became evident. For this reason, it was decided to create and offer a virtual course on digital libraries to institutions member of the Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA (National Network of Advanced Technology). This paper presents a) the context given by the BDCOL; b) the course's methodology of instructional design; c) its structure of contents and the pedagogical strategies established; d) the diffusion of the program and selection of participants; e) the course's evaluation, conclusion, and recommendations -specially concerning the time needed to complete the course, and, finally, f) the information and knowledge management. This course was successful in making possible to generate a ground of common knowledge for the institutions associated to the BDCOL project and setting a precedent in this area for education and self-education, applicable to other moments and contexts.

Blessed, Ballesteros; Wilson, Castaño Muñoz; Alejandro, Uribe Tirado.

2009-12-01

380

Growing expertise in Africa: CERN-UNESCO's 3rd Digital Library School  

CERN Multimedia

The third in the series of CERN-UNESCO African Schools on Digital Libraries took place in Dakar, Senegal, in November last year. The School represents an important opportunity for CERN to contribute to a global exchange of knowledge, skills and culture.   Ludmila Marian assisting participants during a hands-on computer session. More photographs available here. After Rwanda and Morocco, this time it was Senegal's turn to host the Digital Library School, the third of its kind, held from 21 to 25 November 2011. Participants from seven African French-speaking countries met at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar to learn about digital libraries and the importance of new technologies in the dissemination of knowledge by libraries. The School outlined the principles of digital information management and showcased the Invenio software, developed by CERN to manage digital libraries and freely available as Open Source software. The series of Schools, which combine in...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

381

Elektronik Müzik Kütüphanesi: Selçuk Üniversitesi Örne?i / Digital Music Library : Selcuk University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to give explanatory information concerning the Digital Music Library which is situated at the Selcuk University Central Library. The information provided includes development and future goals of the mentioned library together with gained experience throughout the time. Some condensed user information has been supplied too.

Fatma K?l?çarslan

2004-10-01

382

Elektronik Müzik Kütüphanesi: Selçuk Üniversitesi Örne?i / Digital Music Library : Selcuk University  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this article is to give explanatory information concerning the Digital Music Library which is situated at the Selcuk University Central Library. The information provided includes development and future goals of the mentioned library together with gained experience throughout the time. Some condensed user information has been supplied too.

Fatma K?l?çarslan

2004-01-01

383

Technology to support a distributed digital library for astronomy  

Science.gov (United States)

The integrated electronic resource that is forming in the astronomical community is a functional distributed digital library. As the balance of the literature comes on-line over the next year, and as more organizations seek to make data and other resources available on the Internet, ad hoc agreements among groups will give way to de facto standards. In our effort to extend the knowledge gained in our work on the electronic ApJ, we are engaged in an initiative to collaborate with other publishers and information distributors to utilize existing tools so that disparate collections may interoperate. We expect to devise effective operating conventions, and to articulate standard means for making valuable, archival information accessible on the net, reliably and for the long term.

Biemesderfer, C. D.

1996-12-01

384

Using Lotkaian Informetrics for Ranking in Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

The purpose of this paper is to propose the use of models, theories and laws in bibliometrics and scientometrics to enhance information retrieval processes, especially ranking. A common pattern in many man-made data sets is Lotka's Law which follows the well-known power-law distributions. These informetric distributions can be used to give an alternative order to large and scattered result sets and can be applied as a new ranking mechanism. The polyrepresentation of information in Digital Library systems is used to enhance the retrieval quality, to overcome the drawbacks of the typical term-based ranking approaches and to enable users to explore retrieved document sets from a different perspective.

Schaer, Philipp

2011-01-01

385

Semantically Enriching the Search System of a Music Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Traditional search systems are usually based on keywords, a very simple and convenient mechanism to express a need for information. This is the most popular way of searching the Web, although it is not always an easy task to accurately summarize a natural language query in a few keywords. Working with keywords means losing the context, which is the only thing that can help us deal with ambiguity. This is the biggest problem of keyword-based systems. Semantic Web technologies seem a perfect solution to this problem, since they make it possible to represent the semantics of a given domain. In this chapter, we present three projects, Harmos, Semusici and Cantiga, whose aim is to provide access to a music digital library. We will describe two search systems, a traditional one and a semantic one, developed in the context of these projects and compare them in terms of usability and effectiveness.

de Juan, Paloma; Iglesias, Carlos

386

Enhanced Web Interfaces for Administering Invenio Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is an open source web-based application that implements a digital library or document server, and it's used at CERN as the base of the CERN Document Server Institutional Repository and the Inspire High Energy Physics Subject Repository. The purpose of this work was to reimplement the administrative interface of the search engine in Invenio, using new and proved open source technologies, to simplify the code base and lay the foundations for the work that it will be done in porting the rest of the administrative interfaces to use these newer technologies. In my time as a CERN openlab summer student I was able to implement some of the features for the WebSearch Admin Interfaces, enhance some of the existing code with new features and find solutions to technical challenges that will be common when porting the other administrative interfaces modules.

Batista, João

2012-01-01

387

Emerging Tools for Evaluating Digital Library Services: Conceptual Adaptations of LibQUAL+ and CAPM  

OpenAIRE

The paper describes ways to examine how digital libraries are valued by their users, and explores ways of permitting the allocation of resources to areas of user-identified need. Pertinent models from marketing, economics, and library assessment and evaluation are reviewed, focussing on the application of the LibQUAL+TM and CAPM methodologies. Each methodology, which was developed independently, provides a useful framework for evaluating digital library services. The paper discusses the benef...

Heath, Fred Texas A. M. University; Kyrillidou, Martha Association Of Research Libraries; Webster, Duane Association Of Research Libraries; Choudhury, Sayeed Johns Hopkins University; Hobbs, Ben Johns Hopkins University; Lorie, Mark Johns Hopkins University; Flores, Nicholas University Of Colorado

2006-01-01

388

Success Factors and Strategic Planning: Rebuilding an Academic Library Digitization Program  

OpenAIRE

This paper discusses a dual approach of case study and research survey to investigate the complex factors in sustaining academic library digitization programs. The case study involves the background of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) Librariesdigitization program and elaborates on the authors’ efforts to gain staff support for this program. A related survey was administered to all Association of Research Libraries (ARL) members, seeking to collect baseline data on their...

Lampert, Cory; Vaughan, Jason

2013-01-01

389

CMOS Low Power Cell Library for Digital Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Historically, VLSI designers have focused on increasing the speed and reducing the area of digital systems.However, the evolution of portable systems and advanced Deep Sub-Micron fabrication technologies havebrought power dissipation as another critical design factor. Low power design reduces cooling cost andincreases reliability especially for high density systems. Moreover, it reduces the weight and size ofportable devices. The power dissipation in CMOS circuits consists of static and dynamic components. Sincedynamic power is proportional to V2dd and static power is proportional to Vdd, lowering the supply voltageand device dimensions, the transistor threshold voltage also has to be scaled down to achieve the requiredperformance.In case of static power, the power is consumed during the steady state condition i.e when there are noinput/output transitions. Static power has two sources: DC power and Leakage power. Consecutively tofacilitate voltage scaling without disturbing the performance, threshold voltage has to be minimized.Furthermore it leads to better noise margins and helps to avoid the hot carrier effects in short channeldevices. In this paper we have been proposed the new CMOS library for the complex digital design usingscaling the supply voltage and device dimensions and also suggest the methods to control the leakagecurrent to obtain the minimum power dissipation at optimum value of supply voltage and transistorthreshold. In this paper CMOS Cell library has been implemented using TSMC (0.18um and TSMC(90nm technology using HEP2 tool of IC designing from Mentor Graphics for various analysis andsimulations.

Kanika Kaur

2013-07-01

390

Grants for Higher Education. 2012 Digital Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication is only available as a downloadable file. See who's giving and getting grants in your field. Strengthen your search for funds with the Foundation Center's digital edition of "Grants for Higher Education." This new "Grant Guide" reveals the scope of current foundation giving in the field. You'll find descriptions of 19,705 grants…

Foundation Center, 2011

2011-01-01

391

Simple Educational Tool for Digital Speckle Shearography  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, an educational tool has been prepared for obtaining short-term and more economic training on digital speckle shearography (DSS). Shearography non-destructive testing (NDT) has gained wide acceptance over the last decade, providing a number of important and exciting inspection solutions in aerospace, electronics and medical device…

Spagnolo, Giuseppe Schirripa; Martocchia, Andrea; Papalillo, Donato; Cozzella, Lorenzo

2012-01-01

392

The Virtual Hospital: experiences in creating and sustaining a digital library.  

OpenAIRE

A university and its faculty encompass a wealth of content, which is often freely supplied to commercial publishers who profit from it. Emerging digital library technology holds promise for allowing the creation of digital libraries and digital presses that can allow faculty and universities to bypass commercial publishers, retain control of their content, and distribute it directly to users, allowing the university and faculty to better serve their constituencies. The purpose of this paper i...

D Alessandro, M. P.; Galvin, J. R.; Erkonen, W. E.; Choi, T. A.; Lacey, D. L.; Colbert, S. I.

1998-01-01

393

The Qumran Visualization Project: Prospects for Digital Humanities in Theological Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Digital Humanities are a hot topic in disciplines as varied as literature, history and cultural studies, but at present theology and religious studies departments seem to be lagging behind. This essay will offer a critical review of one Digital Humanities project that is relevant to theological libraries and Biblical Studies: the Qumran Visualization Project. The essay will discuss why theological libraries should start considering the Digital Humanities, and then offer some strategies for ho...

Murphy, Benjamin P.

2012-01-01

394

The Virtual Hospital: experiences in creating and sustaining a digital library.  

Science.gov (United States)

A university and its faculty encompass a wealth of content, which is often freely supplied to commercial publishers who profit from it. Emerging digital library technology holds promise for allowing the creation of digital libraries and digital presses that can allow faculty and universities to bypass commercial publishers, retain control of their content, and distribute it directly to users, allowing the university and faculty to better serve their constituencies. The purpose of this paper is to show how this can be done. A methodology for overcoming the technical, social, political, and economic barriers involved in creating, distributing and organizing a digital library was developed, implemented, and refined over seven years. Over the seven years, 120 textbooks and booklets were placed in the Virtual Hospital digital library, from 159 authors in twenty-nine departments and four colleges at The University of Iowa. The digital library received extensive use by individuals around the world. A new paradigm for academic publishing was created, involving a university and faculty owned peer reviewed digital press implemented using digital library technology. The concept has been embraced by The University of Iowa, and it has pledged to sustain the digital press in order to allow. The University of Iowa to fulfill its mission of creating, organizing, and disseminating information better. PMID:9803300

D'Alessandro, M P; Galvin, J R; Erkonen, W E; Choi, T A; Lacey, D L; Colbert, S I

1998-10-01

395

Early Learnings from the National Library of New Zealand's National Digital Heritage Archive Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief description of the digital preservation programme at the National Library of New Zealand. Design/methodology/approach: Following a description of the legislative and strategic context for digital preservation in New Zealand, details are provided of the system for the National Digital

Knight, Steve

2010-01-01

396

Critical Technological and Architectural Choices for Access and Preservation in a Digital Library Environment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes some basic architectural choices for the access to and preservation of digital objects at the National Library of Norway. A digital repository is a core element for the handling of both access to and preservation of the digital objects. Strategies for giving access to the complete holdings include the use of a powerful search…

Solbakk, Svein Arne

397

What Qualifications and Skills Are Important for Digital Librarian Positions in Academic Libraries? A Job Advertisement Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

As academic library functions and activities continue to evolve, libraries have broadened the traditional library model, which focuses on management of physical resources and activities, to include a digital library model, transforming resources and services into digital formats to support teaching, learning, and research. This transition has…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie

2009-01-01

398

La biblioteca digital personalizable como complemento del sistema de bibliotecas de las universidades / Personalizable digital library as complement of the library system of the university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo recopila los antecedentes de las bibliotecas, hasta llegar a las bibliotecas en línea. Se realiza una breve comparación entre los diferentes tipos de bibliotecas existentes. Se describe la biblioteca digital personalizable, la cual permite la socialización del conocimiento, ideal [...] para ser utilizada en las universidades. Se refieren sus principales características y la posibilidad de ser utilizada como complemento de las bibliotecas físicas con las que cuentan las universidades. Abstract in english This work compiles the history of libraries, reaching to libraries online. A brief comparison between different types of libraries. Describes the customizable digital library which allows socialization of knowledge, ideal for universities use. Regards its main features and the possibility of being u [...] sed as a complement to physical libraries at their disposal universities.

Yanedi, Abreu Bartomeo; Luis, Domínguez Cruz; Maikel Manuel, Fernández Fernández.

2011-09-01

399

Cabriology: Putting Digital Collections in the Local Flow at Bruges Public Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cabrio, the Aquabrowser implementation at the Bruges Public Library, is more than a catalogue makeover. Rich, variable, flashy and truly inspirational, its open structure tackles several strategic issues related to a changing network environment. Digital collections are merged with the catalogue to become part of a hybrid library mediation model. Cabrio focuses on local dynamics and existing participation, which are key features of public libraries, in order to challenge and redefine library perceptions and services.

Koen Calis

2010-02-01

400

Chronicling the Academic Library: Library News Coverage by the "Chronicle of Higher Education."  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports results of a content analysis that was conducted to determine the coverage of issues relating to academic libraries in the "Chronicle of Higher Education." Topics discussed include automation; presidential libraries; special collections; copyright; federal legislation; and a bias toward the Washington, D.C., area and toward large research…

Rice, Patricia Ohl; Paster, Amy L.

1990-01-01

401

The Library Literacy Connection. Using Library Resources with Adult Basic Education Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This handbook for librarians and adult basic education (ABE) teachers examines existing and potential library-literacy connections. Chapter I discusses methods and criteria for selecting and evaluating books for new readers. Both readability levels and the quality of books are considered. The second chapter examines the library's general…

Weibel, Marguerite Crowley

402

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30 and the other of Variations2 (n=12. Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

403

A Video Digital Library to Support Physicians’ Decision-making About Autism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A prototype Digital Video Library was developed as part of a project to assist rural primary care clinics with diagnosis of autism, funded by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine. The Digital Video Library takes play sample videos generated by a rural clinic and makes it available to experts at the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD Clinic at The University of Alabama. The experts are able to annotate segments of the video using an integrated version of the Childhood Autism Ratings Scale-Second Edition Standard Version (CARS2. The Digital Video Library then extracts the annotated segments, and provides a robust search and browse feature. The videos can then be accessed by the subject's primary care physician. This article summarizes the development and features of the Digital Video Library.

Matthew A. Griffin

2014-01-01

404

Defrosting the digital library: bibliographic tools for the next generation web.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many scientists now manage the bulk of their bibliographic information electronically, thereby organizing their publications and citation material from digital libraries. However, a library has been described as "thought in cold storage," and unfortunately many digital libraries can be cold, impersonal, isolated, and inaccessible places. In this Review, we discuss the current chilly state of digital libraries for the computational biologist, including PubMed, IEEE Xplore, the ACM digital library, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Citeseer, arXiv, DBLP, and Google Scholar. We illustrate the current process of using these libraries with a typical workflow, and highlight problems with managing data and metadata using URIs. We then examine a range of new applications such as Zotero, Mendeley, Mekentosj Papers, MyNCBI, CiteULike, Connotea, and HubMed that exploit the Web to make these digital libraries more personal, sociable, integrated, and accessible places. We conclude with how these applications may begin to help achieve a digital defrost, and discuss some of the issues that will help or hinder this in terms of making libraries on the Web warmer places in the future, becoming resources that are considerably more useful to both humans and machines. PMID:18974831

Hull, Duncan; Pettifer, Steve R; Kell, Douglas B

2008-10-01

405

Criterios e indicadores para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales Criteria and indicators to evaluate digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad.The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. The proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.

Zulia Ramírez Céspedes

2006-12-01

406

ICT education and access in public libraries: Library Development Program  

OpenAIRE

During last years a rapid growth in access to information and communication technologies could be observed in Poland as well as in other European countries. At the same time many investigations show that access to the new technologies, knowledge about available services and IT skills are still not developed well enough. It's noticeable especially in poor and rural areas. Local public libraries in such areas are usually the only places providing ICT support for communities.

Ko??odziejczyk, ??ukasz; Szynkielewska, Ma??gorzata

2010-01-01

407

European Curriculum Reflections on Library and Information Science Education  

OpenAIRE

The project behind this book has been carried out with the support of the European Community in the framework of the Socrates programme. The European Curriculum Reflections on Library and Information Science Education project has been inspired by curriculum discussions on the Bologna Declaration that was initiated at a EUCLID conference in Thessaloniki 2002. EUCLID (European Association for Library & Information Education and Research) is an independent European non-governmental and non-profi...

2005-01-01

408

The Role of Digital Libraries to Support of E-learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available E-learning is the new pattern of teaching and learning process. The main characteristic of e-learning is delivery of content and learning activity within learning management systems (LMS. E-learning for its success requires that access to resources and information services. Digital libraries can offer different resources and information services on the Internet. Therefore, it will be very useful to support e-learning in this article, after expression of definitions of e-learning and digital libraries, resources and services of digital libraries to support of e-learning were presented.

Akbar Majidi

2012-03-01

409

Research Libraries and the internet : On the transformative dynamic between institutions and digital media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper argues that digital media have a disruptive potential, but path dependency is often a modifying component in the historical development. This is demonstrated in different stages of the development of the interrelationship between digitization, digital media and research libraries. Today the historical dynamic has reached a point where all institutions concerned with knowledge handling will have to redefine themselves. Research libraries are gradually incorporated into a number of new “research infrastructures” which are being built around different kinds of data materials, and each research library may specialize according to some sort of coordinated criteria.

Finnemann, Niels Ole

2014-01-01

410

The Qumran Visualization Project: Prospects for Digital Humanities in Theological Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Humanities are a hot topic in disciplines as varied as literature, history and cultural studies, but at present theology and religious studies departments seem to be lagging behind. This essay will offer a critical review of one Digital Humanities project that is relevant to theological libraries and Biblical Studies: the Qumran Visualization Project. The essay will discuss why theological libraries should start considering the Digital Humanities, and then offer some strategies for how libraries can support, promote or otherwise engage with this type of project.

Benjamin P. Murphy

2012-08-01

411

Buildings, Books, and Bytes: Libraries and Communities in the Digital Age  

Science.gov (United States)

The Benton Foundation, with funding from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, has recently made this study available at their website. It "compares library leaders' visions for the future with the public's prescriptions for libraries, derived from public opinion research that forms the backbone of this study." Using libraries as a focal point, it should provoke much thought about how other institutions that provide public information will be impacted by the digital revolution. The study is based on "a national survey to test public support for libraries in the digital age," conducted in April of 1996. At present the study is available in HTML, with an Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) version forthcoming.

1996-01-01

412

Nursing educator's satisfaction with library facilities.  

OpenAIRE

This study examined nursing faculty perceptions of the importance of adequate library facilities and their satisfaction with them. Library facilities ranked highest in importance among all job characteristics studied, with faculty who had been most productive in terms of publication assigning the highest value to them. A moderate level of satisfaction was found. Faculty most satisfied with library facilities were those teaching in large schools of nursing with graduate programs and open organ...

Lenz, E. R.; Waltz, C. F.

1982-01-01

413

Simple educational tool for digital speckle shearography  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, an educational tool has been prepared for obtaining short-term and more economic training on digital speckle shearography (DSS). Shearography non-destructive testing (NDT) has gained wide acceptance over the last decade, providing a number of important and exciting inspection solutions in aerospace, electronics and medical device manufacturing. For exploring these motivations, it is important to develop didactic tools to understand the potential of digital shearography through training and didactic courses in the field of NDT. In this paper we describe a simple tool for making one familiar with the potential of DSS in the area of education and training. The system is realized with a simple and economic optical setup and a virtual instrument based on the LabVIEW™ and DAQ.

Schirripa Spagnolo, Giuseppe; Martocchia, Andrea; Papalillo, Donato; Cozzella, Lorenzo

2012-07-01

414

Simple educational tool for digital speckle shearography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, an educational tool has been prepared for obtaining short-term and more economic training on digital speckle shearography (DSS). Shearography non-destructive testing (NDT) has gained wide acceptance over the last decade, providing a number of important and exciting inspection solutions in aerospace, electronics and medical device manufacturing. For exploring these motivations, it is important to develop didactic tools to understand the potential of digital shearography through training and didactic courses in the field of NDT. In this paper we describe a simple tool for making one familiar with the potential of DSS in the area of education and training. The system is realized with a simple and economic optical setup and a virtual instrument based on the LabVIEW™ and DAQ. (paper)

415

Evaluating ranking methods on heterogeneous digital library collections  

CERN Document Server

In the frame of research in particle physics, CERN has been developing its own web-based software /Invenio/ to run the digital library of all the documents related to CERN and fundamental physics. The documents (articles, photos, news, thesis, ...) can be retrieved through a search engine. The results matching the query of the user can be displayed in several ways: sorted by latest first, author, title and also ranked by word similarity. The purpose of this project is to study and implement a new ranking method in Invenio: distributed-ranking (D-Rank). This method aims at aggregating several ranking scores coming from different ranking methods into a new score. In addition to query-related scores such as word similarity, the goal of the work is to take into account non-query-related scores such as citations, journal impact factor and in particular scores related to the document access frequency in the database. The idea is that for two equally query-relevant documents, if one has been more downloaded for inst...

Canévet, Olivier; Marian, Ludmila; Chonavel, Thierry

416

BELIEF Project: the Portal and the Digital Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

BELIEF (Bringing Europes eLectronic Infrastructures to Expanding Frontiers) Project aim to create a platform where eInfrastructures providers and users can collaborate and exchange knowledge, which will help ensure that eInfrastructures are developed and used effectively worldwide, filling the gap separating the Research Infrastructure providers from the users, and thus contribute to the emergence of a competitive knowledge-based economy. To create this synergy of multi-disciplinary Research Infrastructure communities, BELIEF created a one-stop-shop for eInfrastructures communities providing online a Digital Library (DL) and a Portal with a search and contact facility, case studies, a discussion forum, eInfrastructures publications. Offline, it has organised events including brainstorming, networking workshops and international conferences and publications, since BELIEFs values are firmly rooted in international cooperation to the emerging economies, particularly of Latin America and India. The Portal and the DL are key parts of this project. There was an opportunity to provide a ready and common source of information on eInfrastructures, both for the users wanting to find out the supply, and for the providers wanting to extend user base and develop their systems. The Portal and the DL respond to this demand by supplying to researchers documentation that matches their search criteria precisely, according to their interest and professional profile. (Author)professional profile. (Author)

417

Language engineering for the Semantic Web: a digital library for endangered languages. Endangered languages, Ontology, Digital library, Multimedia, EMELD, Intelligent querying and retrieval, ImageSpace  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we describe the effort undertaken at Wayne State University to preserve endangered languages using the state-of-the-art information technologies. In particular, we discuss the issues involved in such an effort, and present the architecture of a distributed digital library for endangered languages which will contain various data of endangered languages in the forms of text, image, video, audio and include advanced tools for intelligent cataloguing, indexing, searching and browsing information on languages and language analysis. We use various Semantic Web technologies such as XML, OLAC, ontologies so that our digital library becomes a useful linguistic resource on the Semantic Web.

Lu Shiyong

2004-01-01

418

Distance Education in Library and Information Science Education: Trends and Issues.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study measured current trends in distance education in the United States within Library and Information Science programs. The study was conducted, for the period 1989 to 1998, through a content analysis of journal articles from the "Library Literature" database, and through a content analysis of graduate catalogs from American Library

Zepp, Diana

419

An exploration of the research trends in the digital library evaluation domain  

OpenAIRE

Evaluation is a vital research area in the digital library domain, demonstrating a growing literature in conference and journal papers. In this poster we present the research trends that governed the field within the decade 2001–2010 in the JCDL and ECDL conferences. The DL evaluation literature was annotated using the domain ontology DiLEO, which defines explicitly the main concepts of the digital library evaluation field and their correlations. Several findings from this study underline t...

Tsakonas, Giannis; Mitrelis, Angelos; Papachristopoulos, Leonidas; Papatheodorou, Christos

2012-01-01

420

An Evaluation of the Second Survey on Electronic Databases Usage at Ankara University Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Purpose The study encompasses the assessment of the effectiveness of the digital library and the value of multidisciplinary databases in terms of user preferences and use frequency by academic ranking. Methodology This paper compares the results of two survey questionnaires carried out in 2002 and 2005. To examine the level of awareness by academic staff of digital library resources along with their use rate and to evaluate the preferences of faculty for specific electronic database...

Atakan, Cemal; At?lgan, Dog?an; Bayram, O?zlem; Arslantekin, Sacit

2008-01-01

421

Towards Building an Open Digital Library for Instructional Design that Facilitates Reflective e-Instruction  

OpenAIRE

Computer-based instruction, online or offline, which we will be referring at as e-instruction, provides for the development of new flexible pedagogical frameworks that will offer opportunities for open worldwide lifelong instruction. We claim that these are to be stored in instructional digital libraries in order to be accessible to anyone, anytime, anywhere. While many advances have been made in the creation of digital libraries, there is considerable room both for improving how learning obj...

Vladoiu, Mihaela-monica

2004-01-01

422

Performance Measures of Academic Digital Library Services: A Delphy Study at the University of Camerino  

OpenAIRE

Since the emergence of digital libraries, research and practical developments have grown exponentially, while evaluation activities have been lagging far behind. It is widely acknowledged that when getting at the issue of assessment in a digital library environment, much has yet to be investigated (Saracevic, 2000; Shearer, 2002; Chowdhury & Chowdhury, 2003; Cullen, 2003; Bertot, 2004). As an iterative multistage approach based on consensus, the Delphi research method is suitable for inves...

Fraticelli, Clementina

2006-01-01

423

A Semantic Search Framework in Peer-to-Peer based Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Advances in peer-to-peer overlay networks and Semantic Web technology will have a substantial influence on the design and implementation of future digital libraries. However, it remains unclear how best to combine their advantages in constructing digital library systems. This thesis is devoted for investigating, proposing and evaluating possible solutions to advance developments in this field. The main research goal of this work is to combine the strengths of both peer-to-peer overlay network...

Ding, Hao

2006-01-01

424

Bilingual Subject-based Information Retrieval in NECLIB2 Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we present our work on bilingual subject-based information retrieval in a real world digital library, called NECLIB2, which complements a classic open shelf library that includes around 50,000 materials (many of them being very rare that are books and e-books, periodicals, audio and video CDs and DVDs, video tapes, scanned microfiche etc., and more than 18,000 items are audio recordings with classical music (in course of digitization.

Zoran Constantinescu , Monica Vladoiu

2012-08-01

425

Library Schools and Other Training Aspects Section. Education and Research Division. Papers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Papers on library education presented at the 1982 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "Learning and Library Networks at Mid-Career Level: The Possible Contribution of the Library Schools" by M. H. Heine (United Kingdom); (2) "Network Implications for Library Education: Planning for (the) Future of (the)…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

426

Information and Communication Technology Literacy (ICTL): Skills for Library Professionals in the Digital Era  

OpenAIRE

Highlights the concepts of literacy, information literacy and information and communication technologies (ICTs) and its purpose, scope and appropriateness among library professionals in the 21st century. Discusses the role of library professionals in setting vision towards learning and educating their clients to become ICT literates. Indicates the areas where the ICTs can be applied in library and information centres and the role of library professionals to effectively use their knowledge and...

Gireesh Kumar, T. K.; Murali, .

2013-01-01

427

Unintended Consequences: New Materialist Perspectives on Library Technologies and the Digital Record  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital technology has irrevocably altered the nature of the archive. Drawing on materialist critiques and the evolving field of media archaeology, this essay explores new strategies for understanding the implications of computer networks in libraries. Although a significant portion of the contemporary literature within Library and Information…

Manoff, Marlene

2013-01-01

428

Designing and Building Integrated Digital Library Systems: Guidelines. IFLA Professional Reports, No. 90  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of these Guidelines is to provide libraries for the blind and those who work in them with a broad overview of matters to be considered in planning and implementing an integrated digital library system. The Guidelines are not intended to provide technical solutions. Given the pace of technological change, solutions can only be developed…

Rathje, Bente Dahl; McGrory, Margaret; Pollitt, Carol; Voutilainen, Paivi

2005-01-01

429

How to Use the Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) digital libraries provide access to free online scientific resources about oceans, coasts, and coastal watersheds. MRIB allows category, geographic, and keyword searching, alone or in combination. Instructions for searching the three MRIB libraries and for refining the searches are explained in detail.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2009-01-01

430

The Use of Digital Library Skills in the Emergent Information Market in Botswana  

Science.gov (United States)

This study probed the use of digital library skills by MLIS graduates, and their perception of employment preparation for the emergent information market in Botswana. The study used a survey approach. The study was carried out in 2004. A total of 32 MLIS graduates (1996-2003) of the Department of Library and Information Studies in employment were…

Ojedokun, Ayoku A.; Moahi, Kgomotso H.

2007-01-01

431

Library Services for Users of Personal Digital Assistants: A Needs Assessment and Program Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Research was undertaken to guide development of services for personal digital assistant (PDA) users at the University of Alberta Libraries. A variety of qualitative methods were used to assess user satisfaction with current PDA services and identify potential PDA services for the libraries and resources. The research and needs assessment results…

Carney, Stephen; Koufogiannakis, Denise; Ryan, Pam

2007-01-01

432

Developing a Digital Video Library with the YouTube Data API  

OpenAIRE

MSU Library has created a digital video library using the YouTube API to power our local library channel. It is a complete search and browse application with item level views, microdata, a caching and optimization routine, and a file backup routine. The article will discuss applying the YouTube API as a database application layer: workflow efficiencies, metadata procedures and local backup and optimization procedures. Code samples in PHP, .htaccess examples, and shell commands used in de...

Jason Clark

2013-01-01

433

Professional Experience, Continuing Education, Professional Affiliations, and Educational Background of Documents Professionals at ARL Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of presently employed documents professionals at ARL (Association of Research Libraries) libraries. A survey covering educational background; continuing education activities; organizational affiliations; documents experience; staffing; type of arrangement of the documents collection;…

Ledvina, Mary Jane

434

A representação de imagens no acervo da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire: proposta e percursos / Image representation in Paulo Freire Digital Library Collection: proposal and routes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente trabalho apresenta os resultados obtidos no projeto Identificação e Análise de Imagem para Formação de um Sistema de Representação e Recuperação da Informação, financiado pela Coordenação Institucional de Ensino a Distância da UFPB, que visa à elaboração de princípios de representação da [...] informação imagética do acervo da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire, com o intuito de formar uma política de representação para a informação de natureza imagética. Para sua execução, contou-se com os pressupostos teóricos da semiótica, estética e teoria da arte, bem como subsídios da teoria da representação. Como resultados o presente trabalho aponta as possíveis formas de representação das imagens e sua incorporação ao acervo informacional da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire. Abstract in english The objective of this paper is to present the results obtained on the project Identification and Analysis of Image for Development of an Information Recovery and Representation System, which was financed by the Institutional Coordination for Distance Education. The project purposes the elaboration o [...] f representation principles of imagetic information in Paulo Freire Digital Library collection. To support its execution, the theoretical conjectures of semiotics, art theory and aesthetic were considered, as well as subsidies of representation theory. The present paper points out image representation aspects and its incorporation into the informational collection of Paulo Freire Digital Library.

Carlos Xavier de Azevedo, Netto; Bernardina Maria Juvenal, Freire; Perpétua, Pereira.

2004-12-01

435

Positioning libraries to support the goals of higher education institutions: The Peabody Academic Library Leadership Institute  

OpenAIRE

This article describes the genesis of Vanderbilt University's Peabody Academic Library Leadership Institute as an outcome of a particular philosophy. That philosophy is based on the concept that to fulfill their potential contributions, academic libraries need to direct their planning, resources, and services to support the priorities of their parent institutions. This article addresses the need for campus-focused leadership training; higher education leadership training for academic libraria...

Weiner, Sharon A.; Breivik, Patricia Senn; Caboni, Timothy; Clark, Dennis

2009-01-01

436

A Practical Guide for Building a Digital Library: User-Focused Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

With changing user expectations, many libraries are moving toward digital content. Accessible from anywhere at any time, digital content provides users with efficient, on-demand information experiences. Accordingly, librarians are presented with challenges and opportunities to build, manage, and implement outreach strategies that promote their…

Zhu, Qin; Guevara, Sophia

2009-01-01

437

Building digital archives by the National Diet Library : Toward knowledge sharing  

Science.gov (United States)

This article shows the current situation of construction of the National Diet Library (NDL)'s digital archive and the direction of activities for “creating and reproducing new knowledge” which “knowledge sharing” aims at. The NDL, as a deposit library has a responsibility to acquire and preserve not only paper materials but also digital contents, and needs to make them accessible anytime and anywhere. The NDL acquires and preserves digital contents to a maximum extent to build the NDL digital archive. However, it is impossible to collect all of them, so the NDL plans to accumulate all knowledge in cooperation with other institutions to build distributed digital archives. The NDL plays a data provider role to navigate all the distributed digital archival information and make it available as semantically-related knowledge to build “NDL Search”. The NDL will make it possible to create new knowledge reusing the existing information as knowledge to build up the knowledge infrastructure.

Nakayama, Masaki

438

??????????Metadata????????? | Cataloging and Metadata Education in Taiwan Library and Information Science Programs/ Mei-Ling Wang  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????Metadata??????????????????????(1??????????? ???????????(2???????????????????????????(3??Metadata???????????(4???? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Metadata?????? ??Metadata??????????????????????????????????9?????????22??????????46???? ??6??????????????74 ????????8.2??????2?Metadata???

The article mainly discusses organization of information as well as Metadata education in Taiwan. The paper presents finding of a survey on the state of cataloging and Metadata education in nine library and information science programs in Taiwan. The author sent questionnaires to nine library and information science programs, used web sites content analysis, and undertook in-depth interviews with faculties teaching organization of information courses. The survey showed there were seventy four courses on cataloging and Metadata provided, including twenty-two basic courses, forty six advanced courses, and six internet and digital information organizing courses. Among those courses, there were two Metadata courses provided by Fu-Jen Catholic University and Hsuang Chuang University. Metadata topics were well integrated into organization of information curriculum. Although educators agreed on the inclusion of specific knowledge and skills in Metadata instruction, they did not agree that it was necessary to provide Metadata courses. They also agreed that there were gaps between cataloging / Metadata education and library need for shortage of course credit hours. Some suggestions were proposed to assist education in providing students with competencies in cataloging and Metadata.

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2007-04-01

439

Technical Assessment of Greenstone toward Development of Digital Libraries in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Lack of integrated software is serious obstacle toward the development of digital libraries in Iran. Considering the problem, this research focused on Greenstone digital library software (GDLS to investigate its technical capabilities toward creating and managing digital collections in Iranian libraries. The study was conducted through evaluation research using a 9-spectrums checklist in two phases. In the first stage, experts from library and information science and computer science and in second stage, three user groups (with PhD, MA and BA degrees completed the checklist against capabilities of GDLS. Findings indicated that, there was no significant difference between two groups of specialist about capabilities of GDLS. Analyzing three user groups also approved GDLS competencies at this respect. There were some technical errors and bugs that experts proposed to be corrected toward best fitness of GDLS to Iranian collections.

Mohammad Hassanzadeh

2012-03-01

440

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas / DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o e [...] specializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio. Abstract in english The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt wit [...] h on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Ana Margarita, Cabrera Facundo; Adrián, Coutín Domínguez.

2005-04-01

441

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o especializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio.The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt with on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Ana Margarita Cabrera Facundo

2005-04-01

442

Growing into the Digital Age: A Small Academic Library Confronts the Practical Challenges of Transition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper outlines the recent history of the Benedictine College Library and traces the development of the library’s digital collections since 2006. The librarians have worked to provide an integrated search solution through the EBSCO Discovery Service and streamline off-campus access through EZPROXY. As the library’s electronic resources have grown, we have continued to support its historic core collection in the humanities as well as some unique and eclectic special collections. A range of issues are discussed: integrating electronic resources, ensuring 24-hour access, working with IT staff and the impact of the institutional culture on the college library. The challenges that this transition have posed for the library staff will also be discussed. It is hoped that librarians in similar situations can learn from our experiences.

Steven Gromatzky

2014-08-01

443

Quality of Educational Services in the Library of Kermanshah School of Medicine Based on Library Standards (2011-2012)  

OpenAIRE

Libraries play a pivotal role in the sustainable development of the country. The aim of the present study was to investigate the quality of educational services provided by library of medical faculty of Kermanshah according to the library standards. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 309 library members were studied through Libqual questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. The library could meet the expectations of its members in 67% of cases (positive adequate valu...

Yazdan Hamzavi; Maryam Kazemi; Tahere Hossinifar; Amir Hossein Hashemain; Mozafar Khazaei

2014-01-01

444

College of Education Libraries Research Project. Volume 1 Report. Final Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The College of Education Libraries Research Project was commissioned by the Department of Education and Science at Didsbury College of Education, Manchester, England. The topics investigated included the aims and objectives of college of education libraries, effective use of library materials, funding, book selection methods, staffing…

Shercliff, W. H.; And Others

445

Digital Libraries for Humanities Scholars: An empirical study of users’ information behaviors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While user-centered design has been emphasized, much of the discussion of digital libraries is concerned about choosing Web-based technology to create a digitized collection and establish related infrastructure. An investigation into the potential users of a community-based digital library suggests that some critical social, ecological and cultural aspects of information-related behavior of those users need to be taken into account for a digital library to accomplish its goals. This paper reports on an empirical study of scholarly communication among users of the Taiwan Historical Archives and how those scholars and researchers find and use information. Several design principles are suggested based on the findings of such user study.[Article content in Chinese

Shan-Ju L. Chang

1999-12-01

446

STAR Library Education Network: a hands-on learning program for libraries and their communities  

Science.gov (United States)

Science and technology are widely recognized as major drivers of innovation and industry (e.g. Rising above the Gathering Storm, 2006). While the focus for education reform is on school improvement, there is considerable research that supports the role that out-of-school experiences can play in student achievement and public understanding of STEM disciplines. Libraries provide an untapped resource for engaging underserved youth and their families in fostering an appreciation and deeper understanding of science and technology topics. Designed spaces, like libraries, allow lifelong, life-wide, and life-deep learning to take place though the research basis for learning in libraries is not as developed as other informal settings like science centers. The Space Science Institute’s National Center for Interactive Learning (NCIL) in partnership with the American Library Association (ALA), the Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI), and the National Girls Collaborative Project (NGCP) have received funding from NSF to develop a national education project called the STAR Library Education Network: a hands-on learning program for libraries and their communities (or STAR-Net for short). STAR stands for Science-Technology, Activities and Resources. The overarching goal of the project is to reach underserved youth and their families with informal STEM learning experiences. This project will deepen our knowledge of informal/lifelong learning that takes place in libraries and establish a learning model that can be compared to the more established free-choice learning model for science centers and museums. The project includes the development of two STEM hands-on exhibits on topics that are of interest to library staff and their patrons: Discover Earth and Discover Tech. In addition, the project will produce resources and inquiry-based activities that libraries can use to enrich the exhibit experience. Additional resources will be provided through partnerships with relevant professional science and technology organizations (e.g. American Geophysical Union; National Academy of Engineering) that will provide speakers for host library events and webinars. Online and in-person workshops will be conducted for library staff with a focus on increasing content knowledge and improving facilitation expertise. This presentation will report on strategic planning activities for STAR-Net, a Community of Practice model, and the evaluation/research components of this national education program.

Dusenbery, P.

2010-12-01

447

Digital competence in the Norwegian teacher education and schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to examine how policy documents in Norway the last ten years have interpreted ICT and digital competence in teacher education and in school. Norway implemented in 2006 a new national curriculum which increased the status of digital competence to be the fifth basic skill in the Norwegian elementary school (stage 1-13. This was a historic event and never before has digital competence achieved such status in curricula, neither nationally nor internationally. The same has newly happened with the new General Plan for Teacher Education where digital competence has become the fifth basic skill in all subjects. However, both teacher educators and teachers lack sufficient digital competence to fulfil these ambiguous policy goals and therefore the article suggest how a model of digital competence can bridge some of the gap between the intentions in the policy documents and the teachers/teacher educators’ practise. At the same time the article attempts to elaborate our perception of the concept digital competence in an educational discourse and how one can define digital competence in light of a Scandinavian educational perspective. The research question in this article is: how can digital competence be defined and what are the foundations of digital competence in teacher education and schools in light of the policy documents in Norway?

Rune Johan Krumsvik

2011-03-01

448

Integration of multimedia content and e-learning resources in a digital library  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we describe a proposal for multimedia and e-learning content description based on standards interoperability within a digital library environment integrated in a virtual campus. In any virtual e-learning environment, a complex scenario which usually includes a digital library or, at least, a repository of learning resources, different levels of description are needed for all the elements: learning resources, multimedia content, activities, roles, etc. These elements can be described using library, e-learning and multimedia standards, depending on the specific needs of each particular scenario of use, but this might lead to an undesirable duplication of metadata, and to inefficient content queries and maintenance. Furthermore, there is a lack of semantic descriptions which makes all these contents merely become digital objects in the digital library, without exploiting all the possibilities in a e-learning virtual environment. Due to its flexibility and completeness, we propose to use the MPEG-7 standard for describing all the learning resources in the digital library, combined with the use of an ontology for a formal description of the learning process. The equivalences of Dublin Core, LOM and MPEG-7 standards are outlined, and the requirements of a proposal for a MPEG-7 based representation for all the contents in the digital library and the virtual classroom are described. The intellectual property policies for content sharing both within and among organizations are also addressed. With such proposal, it would be possible to build complex multimedia courses from a repository of learning objects using the digital library as the core repository.

Pascual, Mireia; Ferran, Núria; Minguillón, Julià

2006-01-01

449

Digital Agility and Digital Decision-Making: Conceptualising Digital Inclusion in the Context of Disabled Learners in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital inclusion in higher education has tended to be understood solely in terms of accessibility, which does little to further our understanding of the role technology plays in the learning experiences of disabled students. In this article, the authors propose a conceptual framework for exploring digital inclusion in higher education that…

Seale, Jane; Draffan, E. A.; Wald, Mike

2010-01-01

450

User experience interaction design for digital educational games  

Science.gov (United States)

Leading the elements of games into education is the newest teaching concepts in the field of educational technology, which is by using healthy games to impel and preserve the learner's motivation, improve the learning efficiency and bring one experience in learning something by playing games. First of all, this article has introduced the concept of Digital Game and User Experience and brought the essence of Digital Game to light to construct the frame of user experience interaction design for digital educational games and offer one design idea for the development of related products and hoping that Digital Game will bring us continuous innovation experience.

Yuan, Jiugen; Zhang, Wenting; Xing, Ruonan

2014-04-01

451

Literacy, Literacies and the Digital in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is a critical review of some recent literature around the "literacies of the digital" in schools and higher education. It discusses the question: "what does the conjoining of the terms "digital" and "literacy" add to our understanding of teaching and learning in higher education"? It explores the continuing role of critical literacy in…

Goodfellow, Robin

2011-01-01

452

Sketchtube; integrating digital media in the education of design skills  

OpenAIRE

In this paper we discuss the application of new opportunities and chances of digital learning in design education by means of the implementation of a digital sketching forum into a sketching course. The so called ‘blended learning’ method combines face to face education and a digital forum called SketchLab where students can watch instructional movies (SketchTube) and discuss their designs with each other but also with teachers. The first results of using SketchLab are promising. Stude...

Mulder-nijkamp, Maaike; Eggink, Wouter

2013-01-01

453

Library e-induction: alleviating anxiety with digital doughnuts: a case study  

OpenAIRE

This case study will explore some innovative methods of library induction at a higher education library in the UK, Southampton Solent University, looking particularly at e-induction and alternative approaches to the management of library anxiety.The induction programme includes features that are modular, interactive and - most particularly - student centred. They cater for a variety of preferences, including video, audio, text based and multi-media options. The variety of approaches taken by ...

Timothy Collinson; Alison Williams

2006-01-01

454

Distance education in Library and Information Science in Thailand  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents distance education in library and information science at tow open universities in Thailand, namely Ramkhamhaeng University (RU) and Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University (STOU). The teaching system, degree offered and degree requirements of each university are described in detail.

Sacchanand, Chutima

1999-01-01

455

A Study of Library Anxiety in History and Physical Education Majors.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study compared the factors of library anxiety in 23 upper level history and 24 physical education majors. The Library Anxiety Scale (LAS) was administered. This scale measures the five factors of library anxiety: barriers with staff, affective barriers, comfort with the library, knowledge of the library, and mechanical barriers. A t-test was…

Brannan, Joyce A.

456

A National Library for Australian Educational Research.  

OpenAIRE

The Australian Council for Educational Research – www.acer.edu.au – is Australia’s national educational research organisation. Its mission is to “create and promote research-based knowledge, products and services that can be used to improve learning”. The ultimate goal of ACER’s work is to improve outcomes for learners. We do this through reliable, scientific research and through the development of products and services grounded in dependable research. We create and disseminate re...

Clarke, Sue

2006-01-01

457

The Impact of Digitization on Special Collections in Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Digitization benefits the users of special collections through increase in traditional use of materials, development of new avenues of research, and the appearance of new types of research using rare books and manuscripts. It challenges the relative value given to paper originals of rare materials as digital holdings increase. Special collections…

Hirtle, Peter B.

2002-01-01

458

Searching for Utopia: Best Practices in Digitizing the Corporate Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Using an in-depth review of the literature and the author's own personal experience, this paper attempts to distill the eight best practices of those undertaking digitization projects. Results are intended specifically to assist special librarians undertaking a digitization effort in a corporate setting, but conclusions could equally apply to the…

Stach, Ron

459

Developing a Digital Video Library with the YouTube Data API  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available MSU Library has created a digital video library using the YouTube API to power our local library channel. It is a complete search and browse application with item level views, microdata, a caching and optimization routine, and a file backup routine. The article will discuss applying the YouTube API as a database application layer: workflow efficiencies, metadata procedures and local backup and optimization procedures. Code samples in PHP, .htaccess examples, and shell commands used in developing the application and routines will be explained at length. And finally, a complete prototype application will be released on github for other libraries to get started using the lessons learned. A live version of the application is here: http://www.lib.montana.edu/channel/. The real benefit of this method is the low overhead for smaller shops and the ability to scale production and distribution of digital video.

Jason Clark

2013-04-01

460

IMS Metadata in a Digital Library: Experiences from iLumina  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation provides an overview of the iLumina project, which is developing a digital library, funded by the National Science Foundation. After a brief introduction to the goals of the project and the library interfaces and functionality, we focus on several aspects of our implementation and use of IMS metadata: What IMS metadata elements and vocabularies do we support and why? How metadata is used to underpin a variety of library services, and do these service benefits offset the costs of creating the metadata? What information do we put in metadata and what do we recommend be put elsewhere (and why)? How have we implemented the IMS metadata, and what were the design alternatives? How have we made the implementation decisions, in terms of speed of development, ease of maintenance and enhanced functionality? What do we see as the next steps for using metadata, and for developing generic tools to flexibly manage IMS metadata, in digital libraries?

Mcarthur, Dave; Giersch, Ms. S.; Mcclelland, Marty

2003-03-18

461

A Spectrum of Interoperability: The Site for Science Prototype for the NSDL; Re-Inventing the Wheel? Standards, Interoperability and Digital Cultural Content; Preservation Risk Management for Web Resources: Virtual Remote Control in Cornell's Project Prism; Safekeeping: A Cooperative Approach to Building a Digital Preservation Resource; Object Persistence and Availability in Digital Libraries; Illinois Digital Cultural Heritage Community-Collaborative Interactions among Libraries, Museums and Elementary Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital libraries, including interoperability, metadata, and international standards; Web resource preservation efforts at Cornell University; digital preservation at the National Library of Australia; object persistence and availability; collaboration among libraries, museums and elementary schools; Asian digital libraries; and a Web…

Arms, William Y.; Hillmann, Diane; Lagoze, Carl; Krafft, Dean; Marisa, Richard; Saylor, John; Terizzi, Carol; Van de Sompel, Herbert; Gill, Tony; Miller, Paul; Kenney, Anne R.; McGovern, Nancy Y.; Botticelli, Peter; Entlich, Richard; Payette, Sandra; Berthon, Hilary; Thomas, Susan; Webb, Colin; Nelson, Michael L.; Allen, B. Danette; Bennett, Nuala A.; Sandore, Beth; Pianfetti, Evangeline S.

2002-01-01

462

Leveraging on Easy Java Simulation tool and open source computer simulation library to create interactive digital media for mass customization of high school physics curriculum  

CERN Document Server

This paper highlights the diverse possibilities in the rich community of educators from the Conceptual Learning of Science (CoLoS) and Open Source Physics (OSP) movement to engage, enable and empower educators and students, to create interactive digital media through computer modeling. This concept revolves around a paradigmatic shift towards participatory learning through immersive computer modeling, as opposed to using technology for information transmission. We aim to engage high school educators to professionally develop themselves by creating and customizing simulations possible through Easy Java Simulation (Ejs) and its learning community. Ejs allows educators to be designers of learning environments through modifying source codes of the simulation. Educators can conduct lessons with students' using these interactive digital simulations and rapidly enhance the simulation through changing the source codes personally. Ejs toolkit, its library of simulations and growing community contributed simulation cod...

Wee, Loo Kang

2012-01-01

463

Library leadership: Innovative options for designing training programmes to build leadership competencies in the digital age  

OpenAIRE

Library leaders may not be fully equipped to deal with the demands and rigours of the digital age and its consumers. The advent of the internet, search engines and social media require a paradigm shift in the development of these leaders. Whilst much has been written about the required competencies, there seems to be no clear guiding principle on how the development should take place. The authors propose that the development of library leaders is a process, best illustrated through movement t...

Ann-Louise De Boer; Bothma, Theo J. D.; Johan Olwagen

2013-01-01

464

Towards an Integrated Digital Library; Exploration of User Responses to a `Joined-Up' Service  

OpenAIRE

Digital library users have to deal with many separate services. This paper describes efforts in the United Kingdom to use OpenURL technology to provide `joined-up' services. The focus is on zetoc, a national electronic service, which enables users to find references in a British Library bibliographic database. zetoc now uses OpenURL technology to provide routes to services, which might give users access to electronic full text versions of references they have found. Data is provided from two ...

Eason, Ken; Harker, Susan; Apps, Ann; Macintyre, Ross

2004-01-01

465

the necessary evolution of the library based on the Australian Digital Theses Program experience  

OpenAIRE

In 2002, the Australian Digital Theses Program (ADT) was formally established by the Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL). The ADT Program is enabling libraries to demonstrate new roles in scholarly communications in the fast evolving information environment. This has been a major benefit of the ADT Program and a focus for CAUL. Libraries involved in the ADT Program have been able to demonstrate new facilitating and leadership roles with the scholarly community, as well a...

Wells, Andrew

2003-01-01

466

Relevance feedback and query expansion for searching the web: a model for searching a digital library  

OpenAIRE

A fully operational large scale digital library is likely to be based on a distributed architecture and because of this it is likely that a number of independent search engines may be used to index different overlapping portions of the entire contents of the library. In any case, different media, text, audio, image, etc., will be indexed for retrieval by different search engines so techniques which provide a coherent and unified search over a suite of underlying independent search engines are...

Smeaton, Alan F.; Crimmins, Francis

1997-01-01

467

Creating Institutional Repositories and Digital Libraries Using UNESCO’s GenISIS  

OpenAIRE

This is an introductory lecture given at the GenISIS workshop. States that Library and Information Systems are the areas influenced to the maximum by ICT; that also with an unprecedented speed. The publication and distribution of books and journals, their acquisition and organization in libraries, and providing services using them are presently undergoing revolutionary changes. When we purchase a book or journal we have numerous choices like printed version, digital version, and downloadable ...

Raman Nair, R.

2006-01-01

468

Survey of Integration Cost-Adoption between Digital Library Systems in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this article was identifying cost elements in syntactic integrating digital library systems in Iran. The levels of integration are content, technical, and organizational. It is obvious we could access some sub goals such as identifying current situation of information systems from the view points of data storage, needed standard outputs, and the current situation of interoperability in Iran, and suitable integration model in Iranian digital libraries. The analytical survey method was used in this research. Research population included 11 digital library systems that were used in Iranian digital libraries. In order to gather information, a researcher made questionnaire was used because of not existing standard collecting data tool. Findings demonstrated that we should search on three levels of interoperability: content, technical, and organizational level in order to identifying cost-adoption elements in syntactic interoperability. Also, findings showed that the elements of organizational level were too important level in cost-adoption elements. Also this research demonstrated that the high cost of adoption was related to libraries and their organizations.

Mehdi Alipour-Hafezi

2013-03-01

469

Integrating Interactive Visualizations in the Search Process of Digital Libraries and IR Systems  

CERN Document Server

Interactive visualizations for exploring and retrieval have not yet become an integral part of digital libraries and information retrieval systems. We have integrated a set of interactive graphics in a real world social science digital library. These visualizations support the exploration of search queries, results and authors, can filter search results, show trends in the database and can support the creation of new search queries. The use of weighted brushing supports the identification of related metadata for search facets. We discuss some use cases of the combination of IR systems and interactive graphics. In a user study we verify that users can gain insights from statistical graphics intuitively and can adopt interaction techniques.

Hienert, Daniel; Schaer, Philipp; Mayr, Philipp

2012-01-01

470

Are libraries obsolete? an argument for relevance in the digital age  

CERN Document Server

The digital age has transformed information access in ways that few ever dreamed. But the afterclap of our digital wonders has left libraries reeling as they are no longer the chief contender in information delivery. The author gives both sides--the web aficionados, some of them unhinged, and the traditional librarians, some blinkered--a fair hearing but misconceptions abound. Internet be-all and end-all enthusiasts are no more useful than librarians who urge fellow professionals to be all things to all people. The American Library Association, wildly democratic at its best and worst, appears

Herring, Mark Y

2014-01-01

471

The challenges of establishing digital library services in an Open and Distance Learning (ODL environment and the potential benefits: The road towards the integration of digital and traditional library services, the case of Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The information age is the zeitgeist of the twenty first century with the pervasive use of computers transcending across all sectors such as education, health and library and information departments. Of crucial importance is the ability of ICTs to break the barriers of time and distance that makes them an asset in the provision of library and information services .More so in Open and Distance Learning (ODL institution?s library services as it provides electronic information and knowledge in support of various study programmes and researches to a geographically spaced clientele. The paper highlights challenges librarians face in integrating traditional information delivery based on print with modern computerised and networking delivery of digital information. Noting however the pervasiveness of print media in providing literature and knowledge and also administrative functions such as applications and registration to support various ODL programmes albeit with the handicap of limited geographical reach of the distant student. The discussion addresses the issues of ICT duality capacities as a basic infrastructure for information and communications, highlighting the dual challenge of ICT development and ICT for development. The survey noted accessibility challenges experienced by ZOU Mashonaland east library in accessing e-resources and their preference for print resources.

Kudakwashe Danmore Keithy Tapfumaneyi

2013-07-01

472

Book Review: Digital preservation of cultural heritage collection: Among libraries of India and Iran: A comparative study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital libraries universally have emerged in two ways. One, they are born digital (also known as electronic resource. Two, they are converted to become digital-by scanning or other data capturing techniques –from printed, microform, manuscripts, etc.. The converted digital resources demand greater attention by decision makers with regards design, plan and implementation– i.e., in the process of preservation of cultural heritage collections. The book depicts both the types of digital collections, albeit in a limited way, viz., a sample population for libraries based on heritage resources and level of digitization, and b two developing countries.

Mohamed Taher

2012-06-01

473

Audio/video digital libraries: designing, searching for documents, and generating Metadata.  

OpenAIRE

The aim is to provide a theoretical and experimental background on the techniques and the methodologies for the organization, creation, and management of an Audio/Video Digital Library (A/V DL). The frontier of DLs consists in the possibility of managing multimedia documents other than pure textual information. In particular, due to the large amount of A/V material that is available in a digital form and due to its economic, environmental, health, cultural, and social significance, the manage...

Amato, Giuseppe; Gennaro, Claudio; Savino, Pasquale

2003-01-01

474

Electronic Health Record Meets Digital Library: A New Environment for Achieving an Old Goal  

OpenAIRE

Linking the electronic health record to the digital library is a Web-era reformulation of the long-standing informatics goal of seamless integration of automated clinical data and relevant knowledge-based information to support informed decisions. The spread of the Internet, the development of the World Wide Web, and converging format standards for electronic health data and digital publications make effective linking increasingly feasible. Some existing systems link e...

Humphreys, Betsy L.

2000-01-01

475

Learning Reconsidered: Education in the Digital Age. Communications, Convergence and the Curriculum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes thoughts of seven educators on the place of digital communication in journalism and mass communication education. Discusses communication scholars and the professional field's readiness for the digital age. Notes educators' attitudes towards technology and technology's applications in education. (PM)

Dennis, Everette E.; Meyer, Philip; Sundar, S. Shyam; Pryor, Larry; Rogers, Everett M.; Chen, Helen L.; Pavlik, John

2003-01-01

476

Simultaneous digital quantification and fluorescence-based size characterization of massively parallel sequencing libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Due to the high cost of failed runs and suboptimal data yields, quantification and determination of fragment size range are crucial steps in the library preparation process for massively parallel sequencing (or next-generation sequencing). Current library quality control methods commonly involve quantification using real-time quantitative PCR and size determination using gel or capillary electrophoresis. These methods are laborious and subject to a number of significant limitations that can make library calibration unreliable. Herein, we propose and test an alternative method for quality control of sequencing libraries using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). By exploiting a correlation we have discovered between droplet fluorescence and amplicon size, we achieve the joint quantification and size determination of target DNA with a single ddPCR assay. We demonstrate the accuracy and precision of applying this method to the preparation of sequencing libraries. PMID:23931593

Laurie, Matthew T; Bertout, Jessica A; Taylor, Sean D; Burton, Joshua N; Shendure, Jay A; Bielas, Jason H

2013-08-01

477

User-Centered Digital Library Project Phase 2: User Testing with Teachers and Students with Disabilities. Evaluation Report  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of the User-Centered Digital Library Project, conducted by the National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) at WGBH, was to adapt the Teachers' Domain online digital library to enable teachers and students with disabilities to more readily use the resources in science classrooms. NCAM added accessibility features such as captions and audio…

Moeller, Babette

2010-01-01

478

YouTube and Academic Libraries: Building a Digital Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

Although still a relatively new technology with less than 10 years of history, YouTube's extensive reach and integration in mainstream society as well as lifelong learning habits of online users cannot be understated. This article examines how the YouTube collection at the University of British Columbia Library's Irving K. Barber Learning Centre…

Cho, Allan

2013-01-01

479

Toward the Humanities Digital Library: Building the Local Organization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses how library technology initiatives fit into local organizational contexts to meet the needs of users; examines the conditions existing prior to local initiatives and how organizations have responded; and presents organizational models for technology in the humanities. Highlights the electronic text initiative at Pennsylvania State…

Ellis, Steven

1996-01-01

480

LDL (Landscape Digital Library) : A Digital Photographic Database of a Case Study Area in the River Po Valley, Northern Italy  

OpenAIRE

Landscapes are both a synthesis and an expression of national, regional and local cultural heritages. It is therefore very important to develop techniques aimed at cataloguing and archiving their forms. This paper discusses the LDL (Landscape Digital Library) project, a Web accessible database that can present the landscapes of a territory with documentary evidence in a new format and from a new perspective. The method was tested in a case study area of the river Po valley (Northern Italy). ...

Papotti, Davide; Salarelli, Alberto

2001-01-01

481

Las bibliotecas digitales.: Parte III. Evaluación Digital libraries: Part III. Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se ofrece una panorámica de las tendencias, modelos y procedimientos utilizados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales. Es un tema controvertido, con múltiples vertientes y una terminología en formación. En muchos casos, este tema se vincula con otro mucho más amplio aún, la evaluación de los recursos digitales en la red. Se presenta sintéticamente los resultados de la indagación en Internet sobre los aspectos considerados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales y la distinción entre la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales en general y de arte en particular.An overview of the tendencies, models and procedures used to evaluate digital libraries is presented. It is a quite controversial subject with many trends and a terminology under formation. In many cases, this subject is linked to a yet wider one; the evaluation of the digital resources in the web. The results of the Internet research on the evaluation of digital libraries are briefly dealt with, as well as the distinctions between the evaluation of digital libraries in general and that art libraries in particular

Ana Margarita Cabrera Facundo

2005-10-01

482

The Effect of Digital Publishing on Technical Services in University Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The past decade has brought enormous changes in scholarly communication, leading many libraries to undertake large-scale digital publishing initiatives. However, no study has investigated how technical services departments are changing to support these new services. Using change management as a theoretical framework, the investigator uses content…

Hunter, Ben

2013-01-01

483

Digital Libraries with Embedded Values: Combining Insights from LIS and Science and Technology Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

In the digital age, libraries are increasingly being augmented or even replaced by information technology (IT), which is often accompanied by implicit assumptions of objectivity and neutrality, yet the field of science and technology studies (STS) has a long history of studying what values are embedded in IT and how they are embedded. This article…

Fleischmann, Kenneth R.

2007-01-01

484

Building a Multi-Discipline Digital Library Through Extending the Dienst Protocol  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this project is to establish multi-discipline capability for a unified, canonical digital library service for scientific and technical information (STI). This is accomplished by extending the Dienst Protocol to be aware of subject classification of a servers holdings. We propose a hierarchical, general, and extendible subject classification that can encapsulate existing classification systems.

Nelson, Michael L.; Maly, Kurt; Shen, Stewart N. T.

1997-01-01

485

Social Tagging in a Scholarly Digital Library Environment: Users' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: This paper reports an exploratory study examining how users participate in social tagging activities in a scholarly digital library environment to learn about their motivations, behaviour, and practices. Method: This study was conducted in two phases: a survey to investigate usage and attitudes of social tagging tool, and a…

Noorhidawati, A.; Hanum, N. Fariza; Zohoorian-Fooladi, N.

2013-01-01

486

Visualizing Semantic Spaces and Author Co-citation Networks in Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the development and application of visualization techniques for users to access and explore information in digital libraries effectively and intuitively. Salient semantic structures and citation patterns are extracted from several collections of documents using Latent Semantic Indexing and Pathfinder Network Scaling. Author cocitation…

Chen, Chaomei

1999-01-01

487

The Perseus Project and Beyond: How Building a Digital Library Challenges the Humanities and Technology.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Perseus Project, a digital library in the humanities concentrating on ancient Greek culture, is expanding to cover Roman, Renaissance and various other areas of the humanities. Goals include helping traditional scholars research effectively and help humanists use technology to redefine the relationship between their work and the broader…

Crane, Gregory

1998-01-01

488

Building a Hypertextual Digital Library in the Humanities: A Case Study on London.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the creation of a new humanities digital library collection: 11,000,000 words and 10,000 images representing books, images, and maps on pre-twentieth century London and its environs. The London collection contained far more dense and precise information than the materials from the Greco-Roman world. The London collection thus…

Crane, Gregory; Smith, David A.; Wulfman, Clifford E.

489

Monograph 'Digital Culture and Creative Practices in Education'  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The articles included in the monograph "Digital culture and creative practice in education" analyse the impact digital technology and the Internet are having on education, which is understood as a process based on knowledge, communication and social interaction. Teachers and students alike have been drastically transformed by the emergence of the digital culture, prompting the need for change in the role and organisation of educational institutions. More specifically, the Web 2.0 has given rise to creative and collaborative practises that favour a form of learning based on problem solving and "do-it-yourself" educational strategies. These experiences sometimes occur in the periphery of formal education. At the same time, educational technologies themselves have evolved in line with cultural changes, from centralised, closed models to open systems based on "cloud computing".

Juan Freire

2009-03-01

490

American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

American Memory Project - The Library of Congress has added a collection of sound recordings to its American Memory project. The Nation's Forum collection consists of fifty-nine sound recordings of speeches by American leaders at the turn of the century. The speeches focus on issues and events surrounding the First World War and the subsequent presidential election of 1920. Speakers include Warren G. Harding, James Cox, Calvin Coolidge, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Samuel Gompers, Henry Cabot Lodge, and John J. Pershing.

491

The NASA ADS Abstract Service and the Distributed Astronomy Digital Library [and] Project Soup: Comparing Evaluations of Digital Collection Efforts [and] Cross-Organizational Access Management: A Digital Library Authentication and Authorization Architecture [and] BibRelEx: Exploring Bibliographic Databases by Visualization of Annotated Content-based Relations [and] Semantics-Sensitive Retrieval for Digital Picture Libraries [and] Encoded Archival Description: An Introduction and Overview.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that discuss a digital library for astronomy; comparing evaluations of digital collection efforts; cross-organizational access management of Web-based resources; searching scientific bibliographic databases based on content-based relations between documents; semantics-sensitive retrieval for digital picture libraries; and…

Kurtz, Michael J.; Eichorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn S.; Demleitner, Markus; Murray, Stephen S.; Jones, Michael L. W.; Gay, Geri K.; Rieger, Robert H.; Millman, David; Bruggemann-Klein, Anne; Klein, Rolf; Landgraf, Britta; Wang, James Ze; Li, Jia; Chan, Desmond; Wiederhold, Gio; Pitti, Daniel V.

1999-01-01

492

Situating Student Learning in Rich Contexts: A Constructionist Approach to Digital Archives Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective - This paper sought to determine whether a constructionist pedagogical approach to digital archives education could positively influence student perceptions of their learning. Constructionism is a learning theory that places students in the role of designers and emphasizes creating tangible artifacts in a social environment. This theory was used in the instructional design of the Digital Archive Creation Project (DACP, a major component of a digital archives course offered to students enrolled in a Master’s program in library science at Pratt Institute School of Library and Information Science.Methods - Participants were the 31 students enrolled in the DACP during the fall and spring semesters of 2010. They were surveyed as to their perceived learning outcomes as a result of their engagement with the DACP. Results - Results indicated that students perceived strong increases in their learning following their engagement in the DACP, particularly in terms of their skills, confidence, understanding of topics covered in other courses, and overall understanding. Factors that influenced these increases include the collaborative teamwork, the role of the facilitator or instructor, and individual effort.Conclusion - The project demonstrated that a constructionist pedagogical approach to digital archives education positively impacted students’ perceptions of their learning.

Anthony Cocciolo

2011-09-01

493

Elementary, Middle, and High School Students Vary in Frequency and Purpose When Using Online Digital References. A review of: Silverstein, Joanne. “Just Curious: Children’s Use of Digital Reference for Unimposed Queries and Its Importance in Informal Education.” Library Trends 54.2 (Fall 2005: 228?44.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To determine 1 how and with what frequency children use digital references to answer their own unimposed questions; 2 whether digital reference services support their self?initiated learning; 3 whether digital reference services support the transfer of student motivation and curiosity from the formal to the informal; and 4 what instructional and software designers should consider in creating tools that support learning.Design – Inductive analysis.Setting – Virtual Reference Desk’s (VRD Learning Center (http://vrd.askvrd.org/ and the National Science Foundation’s (NSFdigital reference service (http://www.esteme.org during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week (ESTEME, April 11?16, 2005.Subjects – Elementary (K?5, middle (6?8,and high school (9?12 students from the general public. One hundred fourteen questions were analyzed, however there is no indication of the number of different students who submitted the questions.Methods – This study was conducted using a pool of 600 questions from students, teachers, parents, and the general public that were submitted to two digital reference services intended for students. Three hundred experts in the fields of Math and Science volunteered to answer the submitted questions during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week. Because the digital services employed a pull?down menu to describe the user as a student, teacher, parent, etc., the questions could be narrowed to those submitted by students. The questions were also narrowed to those marked as “just curious” from a question purpose menu that contained categories including “written report,” “science fair project,” and “just curious.” A total of 114 unique questions from elementary, middle, and high school students were analyzed to determine the study objectives. The 114 questions were loaded into a qualitative software application (HyperResearch for inductive analysis. Questions from students were coded as elementary, middle, or high school and only those questions derived from students’ self?initiated interests were analyzed.Main results – Analysis revealed that elementary students submitted a large portion of the questions. Middle school students asked the most questions, of which some questions were compound (more than one question in a given query. Older students submitted the least amount of questions. an unanticipated finding was that students’ grade levels correlated to the foci of their queries, which regarded “My Life,” “My Stuff,” “Other People,” “The World,”“The Universe,” or “Abstract Thought.” High school students were interested in the narrowest foci pertaining to their immediate circumstance rather than the larger topics of other people, the world, and the universe.T he majority of middle school students were interested in abstract concepts, and 45% of elementary school students’ queries were about how the world works. Although this study was not longitudinal, results suggest that student curiosity may shift over time. Results also indicated that younger children demonstrated interests outside the classroom that were related to formal learning previously introduced within the classroom. This carry over of interest declined in upper grades. Queries that were unimposed but related to an academic subject such as science or social studies were most evident in questions submitted by elementary students, while questions dealing more with career planning, health, death, and anxiety were most frequently addressed by middle school students. The findings also indicated that the use of digital reference services is at its highest in elementary school, peaks in middle school, and falls drastically in high school.Conclusion – 1 How and with what frequency do children use digital reference services to answer their own unimposed questions? The results of this study revealed a trend on the frequency and purpose of use of digital references when s

Julie Stephens

2006-12-01

494

Digital content sewed together within a library catalogue WebLib - The CERN Document Server  

CERN Document Server

Aggregation, harvesting, personalization techniques, portals, service provision, etc. have all become buzzwords. Most of them simply describing what librarians have been doing for hundreds of years. Prior to the Web few people outside the libraries were concerned about these issues, a situation which today it is completely turned upside down. Hopefully the new actors on the arena of knowledge management will take full advantage of all the available "savoir faire". At CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, librarians and informaticians have set up a complete system, WebLib, actually based on the traditional library catalogue. Digital content is, within this framework, being integrated to the highest possible level in order to meet the strong requirements of the particle physics community. The paper gives an overview of the steps CERN has made towards the digital library from the day the laboratory conceived the World Wide Web to present.

Vigen, Jens

2002-01-01

495

Gazety w Wielkopolskiej Bibliotece Cyfrowej: do?wiadczenia i plany Biblioteki Uniwersyteckiej = Newspapers in the Digital Library of Wielkopolska: the practice and plans of the Adam Mickiewicz Library  

OpenAIRE

The Digital Library of Wielkopolska (WBC) aims to respond to the need for regional repositories of local material. The WBC is a joint project of academic community of Pozna?, in line with the spirit of Open Access, and like other regional Polish Digital Libraries, it uses dLibra software conceived and developed in the Pozna? Supercomputing and Networking Centre. As of by now the following newspapers’ titles have been published online: Dziennik Ostrowski 1936-1939, Or?downik na powiat wol...

Wichlin?ska, Ewa; Gmerek, Katarzyna

2006-01-01

496

Degrees of Digital Division: Reconsidering Digital Inequalities and Contemporary Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Whilst many authors are now confident to dismiss the notion of the digital divide, this paper argues that inequalities in ICT use in contemporary higher education are of growing rather than diminishing importance. In particular, it argues that there is an urgent need for the higher education community to develop more sophisticated understandings of the nature of the digital divisions that exist within current cohorts of university students - not least inequalities of ‘effective' use of ICT to access information and knowledge. With these thoughts in mind, the paper presents a review of recent research and theoretical work in the area of digital exclusion and the digital divide, and considers a number of reasons why digital exclusion remains a complex and entrenched social problem within populations of higher education students.

Neil Selwyn

2010-01-01

497

A Typology for Analyzing Digital Curricula in Mathematics Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital content is increasingly present in U.S. K-12 classrooms, with a current push by federal officials to increase the rate at which digital textbooks are adopted. While some teachers' use of electronic resources involves locating activities and lessons from various internet sites, textbook and educational software companies have begun to…

Choppin, Jeffrey; Carson, Cynthia; Borys, Zenon; Cerosaletti, Cathleen; Gillis, Robert

2014-01-01

498

Digital Artistry and Mediation: (Re)mixing Music Education  

Science.gov (United States)

There is no doubt that mediation has become a central issue outside formal music education. An outstanding example of this is digital music and its dependence on the new technologies of production, dissemination, and consuming. In this paper, the author argues that (1) mediation is one of the most important aspects of digital artistry and that (2)…

Vakeva, Lauri

2012-01-01

499

The Factors which Effect the Development of Librarianship and Library Education in the Arab Countries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of positive factors--culture, Arab League activities, UNESCO contributions, foreign study, establishment of libraries and education expansion-- and negative factors--lack of national library planning, cooperation, standards, effective library legislation, national book plan, library literature, and illiteracy--are included. (MBR)

Sharif, A.

1979-01-01

500

CMOS Low Power Cell Library for Digital Design  

OpenAIRE

Historically, VLSI designers have focused on increasing the speed and reducing the area of digital systems. However, the evolution of portable systems and advanced Deep Sub-Micron fabrication technologies have brought power dissipation as another critical design factor. Low power design reduces cooling cost and increases reliability especially for high density systems. Moreover, it reduces the weight and size of portable devices. The power dissipation in CMOS circuits consis...

Kanika Kaur; Arti Noor

2013-01-01