WorldWideScience
1

A Survey of Digital Library Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents results from a survey on the current state of digital library education in academic institutions. Examines the rationale and orientation for digital library education. Suggests several models that have emerged in the teaching of digital libraries and in incorporation of relevant topics into various curricula. (AEF)

Saracevic, Tefko; Dalbello, Marija

2001-01-01

2

A Framework for Evaluating Digital Library Services; Interdisciplinarity: The Road Ahead for Education in Digital Libraries; Federated Digital Rights Management: A Proposed DRM Solution for Research and Education; Learning Lessons Holistically in the Glasgow Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes four articles that address issues related to digital libraries. Highlights include a framework for evaluating digital library services, particularly academic research libraries; interdisciplinary approaches to education about digital libraries that includes library and information science and computing; digital rights management; and the…

Choudhury, Sayeed; Hobbs, Benjamin; Lorie, Mark; Flores, Nicholas; Coleman, Anita; Martin, Mairead; Kuhlman, David L.; McNair, John H.; Rhodes, William A.; Tipton, Ron; Agnew, Grace; Nicholson, Dennis; Macgregor, George

2002-01-01

3

Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Collection Records  

Science.gov (United States)

The DLESE Collection Records illustrate the different collections within the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE). DLESE collections can be quickly and easily browsed by subject topic, grade level, resource type or educational standard.

4

Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This projects introduces digital libraries, digital initiatives, search techniques, and the Instructional Architect Review Rubric. Digital Library Information : The Scope of the Digital Library D-Lib Journal article, 1998 2008 Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL) Annual meeting devoted to Digital Libraries Initiatives : Digital Libraries Initiative The Initiative's focus is to dramatically advance the means to collect, store, and organize information in digital forms, and make it available for searching, retrieval, and processing via communication networks -- all in ...

Heather

2008-09-29

5

Digital Water Education Library (DWEL) Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

DWEL is a thematic collection focusing on the science, economics and policy issues of water. Resources in the collection are selected and rigorously reviewed by a diverse group of K-12 and informal science educators with an emphasis on high quality, exemplary digital resources that facilitate learning about all aspects of water in the Earth system in a wide range of learning environments. Many resources in the collection are in alignment with identified core water concepts in national and state science and geography education standards. The collection favors resources that are well-documented, easy to use, bug-free, motivational for learners, pedagogically effective, scientifically accurate, and which foster mastery of important scientific and mathematical understandings and technology skills.

6

Strategic Change in Higher Education Libraries with the Advent of the Digital Library during the Fourth Decade of Program  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This paper sets out to review how the business of libraries in higher education has changed with the impact of the digital library during the latest decade of Program, in which the content of the journal swung decisively from being primarily about library management systems to primarily being about digital library issues.…

Collier, Mel

2006-01-01

7

Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, Digital Libraries includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.

Papy, Fabrice

2008-01-01

8

Digital Library Curriculum collection  

Science.gov (United States)

The Digital Library Curriculum collection contains modules that form the basis for one or a several courses on digital libraries - thus constituting a unified curriculum for the field. They also can be used in computer science, library science, information science, and other programs for other types of courses or as supplements to an existing course. Core topics include digital objects, collection development, knowledge organization, architecture, user behavior and interactions, servics, preservation, management and evaluation and digital library education and research.

2011-01-04

9

Digital Libraries - a challenge for Medical Research and Education  

OpenAIRE

Since the early 1990s Digital Libraries have become a major factor for collecting, organising and distributing scientific research. This is especially true in the biomedical sciences. In this article, different definitions of the term Digital Libraries are discussed. Two major definitions are dwelled upon: one emerging from the library world and the other from the world of scientific research. Librarians tend to speak for a broader definition of the term “Library”....

Linde, Peter

2006-01-01

10

Enriching Critical Thinking and Language Learning with Educational Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

As the amount of information available in online digital libraries increases exponentially, questions arise concerning the most productive way to use that information to advance learning. Applying the earlier information seeking theories advocated by Kelly (1963), Taylor (1968), and Belkin (1980) to the digital libraries experience, Carol Kuhlthau…

Lu, Hsin-lin

2012-01-01

11

Everglades Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Everglades Digital Library (EDL) is a comprehensive portal to high-quality digital resources relating to the south Florida environment. These resources include online texts, articles, reports, photographs, maps, datasets, educational materials, and historical records, as well as links to organizational web sites and agency home pages. These materials come from libraries, government agencies, nonprofit organizations, educational institutions, and other sources.

12

Web Usage Mining: Application to an Online Educational Digital Library Service  

Science.gov (United States)

This dissertation was situated in the crossroads of educational data mining (EDM), educational digital libraries (such as the National Science Digital Library; http://nsdl.org), and examination of teacher behaviors while creating online learning resources in an end-user authoring system, the Instructional Architect (IA; http://ia.usu.edu). The…

Palmer, Bart C.

2012-01-01

13

Digital teaching library (DTL) development for radiography education  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Having access to a library of radiological images in the university setting is important for teaching and learning in diagnostic radiography. Modern modalities such as PETCT create data volumes rather than single static 2D images. A PACS repository of images alone does not constitute a teaching library without some text based searchable index. A review of several options for acquiring a digital teaching library (DTL) of such indexed DICOM data is presented. Discussion: The data protection principles, current guidance and potential methods for migrating and cleansing large quantities of DICOM data from a clinical PACS prior to transfer to a university setting is discussed. The chosen method is described and the important enabling technology identified. Various methods of index construction are outlined and a method of migrating and cleansing HL7 data from a clinical RIS described. Results: Three terabytes of de-normalised DICOM image files were cleansed of patient, staff and geographic identifiers, within the header tags and pixel data. These files were then migrated to an educational PACS hosted at a university. A searchable index database was created based on 90,200 reports and associated data, and 886,263 DICOM headers to enable meaningful results to be found from the 51,304 unique patient specific cases. Conclusion: A large DTL in the university setting using PACS technology is becoming a valuable resource for teaching, learning and assessment.hing, learning and assessment.

14

Report on the Workshop: Linking Research and Education in Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

The goal of the workshop "Linking Research and Education in Digital Libraries", held 27-28 September 2011 in Berlin, was to further a discussion begun at an earlier workshop in Parma in November 2010, on how to better exploit the results of research for education in Digital Libraries, or more generally, education for information workers. The theme was a review of the roles of information professionals, considering not only the impact brought by the advances in the technical dimension, but als...

Casarosa, Vittore; Castelli, Donatella; Tammaro, Anna Maria

2011-01-01

15

JCE Digital Library Grand Opening  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematical Education Digital Library (NSDL), inaugurated in December 2002, is developed to promote science education on a comprehensive scale. The Journal of Chemical, Education (JCE) Digital Library, incorporated into NSDL, contains its own collections of digital resources for chemistry…

Journal of Chemical Education, 2004

2004-01-01

16

Digital Libraries: The Catalyst to Transform Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries are changing the way academic disciplines within universities are conceptualized. The nation's scholars are investing their careers and millions of dollars to use technology to rethink the nature of their disciplines. These advances are affecting academic research and instruction as academic disciplines restructure in response to…

Bolick, Cheryl Mason; Hicks, David; Lee, John; Molebash, Philip; Doolittle, Peter

2004-01-01

17

Web services with educational use in digital libraries for PLE y LPM  

OpenAIRE

To facilitate the educational use of a digital library a service-oriented layer has been designed allowing access to resources and services from that library. This access will be checked from two totally different approaches. One from a personalized learning environment and another through instructional design based on the description of a flow of activities through Business Process Management.

Marco Such, Manuel; Perni?as Peco, Pedro; Iriarte Navarro, Leonel; Escobar Esteban, Pilar

2011-01-01

18

A Multi-Discipline, Multi-Genre Digital Library for Research and Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on an Old Dominion University (Virginia) and NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Langley Research Center project, NCSTRL+, a unified, canonical digital library (DL) for educational, scientific, and technical information (STI). NCSTRL+ is based on the Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library (NCSTRL),…

Nelson, Michael L.; Maly, Kurt; Shen, Stewart N. T.

19

? ICT ????????????????????? A reflection on digital library education from ICT extended information services perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ??????(ICT???????????,??????????????????,??????????????????,????????????,??????????????????????????,?????????????????????????,????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????,?????????ICT?????????,?????;??????????,??ICT?????,??????????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????,????ICT???,??ICT??????;????????,???ICT????????,???????????,???????ICT????????????????,?????????,?????????,???ICT???????????This paper argues the legitimacy of current digital library related curriculum to support the ICT extended information services, such as online references, online library instruction, information literacy education, etc.In order to understand what has been taught in Digital Library related courses, it first collected and analyzed digital library related curriculum in LIS programs in Taiwan. In order to understand the current information services issues, it collected and analyzed the titles of 2002 and 2008 Off-campus information services conference proceedings.The research findings reveal that Digital Library courses are not required but selected in all programs.The content of which is between an introductory and architecture base.Skills and training for ICT extended information services are found not the focus of current Digital Library education. On the other hand, the off-campus conferences show a broad need and issues for information services, such as library instruction, information literacy education, and research literacy, etc.The findings suggest a discern review on future DL curriculum design to take into consideration of skills and training on ICT extended information services issues.

Mei-Mei Wu

2010-10-01

20

Problem-Solving Examples as Interactive Learning Objects for Educational Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper analyzes three major problems encountered by our team as we endeavored to turn problem solving examples in the domain of programming into highly reusable educational activities, which could be included as first class objects in various educational digital libraries. It also suggests three specific approaches to resolving these problems,…

Brusilovsky, Peter; Yudelson, Michael; Hsiao, I-Han

2009-01-01

21

'Digital Library: A New Concept of Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article throws light on introduction of Digital Library, Definition of Digital Library, Need, Objective, Function, Concept; Advantages & Disadvantages of Digital Library and it also describe components of Digital Library.

Deshmukh A. Hadi A. Bari

2012-10-01

22

'Digital Library: A New Concept of Library  

OpenAIRE

This article throws light on introduction of Digital Library, Definition of Digital Library, Need, Objective, Function, Concept; Advantages & Disadvantages of Digital Library and it also describe components of Digital Library.

Bari, Deshmukh A. Hadi A.

2012-01-01

23

A Multi-Discipline, Multi-Genre Digital Library for Research and Education  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe NCSTRL+, a unified, canonical digital library for educational and scientific and technical information (STI). NCSTRL+ is based on the Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library (NCSTRL), a World Wide Web (WWW) accessible digital library (DL) that provides access to over 100 university departments and laboratories. NCSTRL+ implements two new technologies: cluster functionality and publishing "buckets". We have extended the Dienst protocol, the protocol underlying NCSTRL, to provide the ability to "cluster" independent collections into a logically centralized digital library based upon subject category classification, type of organization, and genres of material. The concept of "buckets" provides a mechanism for publishing and managing logically linked entities with multiple data formats. The NCSTRL+ prototype DL contains the holdings of NCSTRL and the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS). The prototype demonstrates the feasibility of publishing into a multi-cluster DL, searching across clusters, and storing and presenting buckets of information.

Nelson, Michael L.; Maly, Kurt; Shen, Stewart N. T.

2004-01-01

24

SIOExplorer Digital Library Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This digital library provides access to data, documents and images from 822 expeditions by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), dating back to 1903. Materials include shipboard data from cruises (sampling information, seismic profiles, meteorology, and others); expedition photographs; bathymetric seamount maps; and educational resources from the Enduring Resources for Earth Sciences Education (ERESE) program. Since 2001 the collection has matured to include five federated collections: SIO Cruises, SIO Historic Photographs, the Seamounts, Marine Geological Samples, and the Educator’s Collection, all part of the US National Science Digital Library (NSDL). The collection is searchable by two interfaces; a text based search which allows you to access data and metadata. You can search using controlled vocabularies and view the results in google earth; and the other, accessible through an interactive map interface.

Hubert Staudigel

25

Digital (Library Services) and (Digital Library) Services  

OpenAIRE

This paper is an exploration of digital library services, in both possible senses: services provided digitally by physical libraries, and services provided by digital libraries. Services, regardless of the environment in which they are provided, break down into services performed on materials (technical services) and services provided to individual users and communities of users (public services). Both traditional and new services are discussed as a means for exploring the question of what a ...

Pomerantz, Jeffrey University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill

2008-01-01

26

Current State of Digital Reference in Primary and Secondary Education; The Technological Challenges of digital Reference; Question Negotiation and the Technological Environment; Evaluation of Chat Reference Service Quality; Visual Resource Reference: Collaboration between Digital Museums and Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes five articles that discuss digital reference in elementary and secondary education; the need to understand the technological environment of digital reference; question negotiation in digital reference; a pilot study that evaluated chat reference service quality; and collaborative digital museum and digital library reference services. (LRW)

Lankes, R. David; Penka, Jeffrey T.; Janes, Joseph; Silverstein, Joanne; White, Marilyn Domas; Abels, Eileen G.; Kaske, Neal; Goodrum, Abby A.

2003-01-01

27

Digital library conformance checklist  

OpenAIRE

This booklet is abstracted and abridged from "The Digital Library Reference Model"- D3.2 DL.org Project Deliverable. The check list is designed to verify whether or not a digital library conforms to the Digital Library Reference Model.

Ross, Seamus; Castelli, Donatella; Ioannidis, Yannis; Vullo, Giuseppina; Innocenti, Perla; Candela, Leonardo; Nika, Ana; El Raheb, Katerina; Katifori, Akrivi

2011-01-01

28

Changing State Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has shown that state virtual or digital libraries are evolving into websites that are loaded with free resources, subscription databases, and instructional tools. In this article, the author explores these evolving libraries based on the following questions: (1) How user-friendly are the state digital libraries?; (2) How do state digital

Pappas, Marjorie L.

2006-01-01

29

Exploratorium: Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past decade, the Scout Report has reported on many of the websites created by the Exploratorium, and as each one is truly a delight, this one was a welcome find as well. Their Digital Library site brings together digital media and digitized museum materials related to interactive exhibits and scientific phenomena, such as images and a host of educational activities. Two good places to start exploring are the Asset Archive and the Learning Resources Collection. In the Asset Archive, visitors can find many of these materials quite easily, and they include demonstrations of physical properties of objects and images that deal with biological exploration. The Learning Resources Collection is a resource for K-12 educators that will surely delight both due to its broad ambit and the quality of the materials. The site is rounded out by a number of special collections, such as the Microscope Imaging Station, which contains media created from living organisms.

30

Educação e bibliotecas digitais / Education and digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Com o avanço vertiginoso das tecnologias de comunicação e da informática, o mundo presencia o surgimento de uma nova sociedade, onde a informação se faz onipresente, mudando nossa forma de pensar e agir. A Sociedade da Informação não é só um fenômeno tecnológico, tem repercussão política, econômica, educacional e cultural.Destacamos, dentre os aspectos educacionais, o surgimento da biblioteca digital e seu papel como provedora de acesso à informação digital. Este artigo tem como objetivo fazer um recorte na literatura sobre a biblioteca digital e educação, onde foi percebida a ausência de bibliotecas escolares digitais, em Portugal e também no Brasil, fato que evidencia uma lacuna no sistema educacional dos referidos países.

Cassia Furtado

2010-01-01

31

Visualizations for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

The concept of digital libraries is familiar to both librarians and library patrons today. These new libraries have broken the limits of space and distance by delivering information in various formats via the Internet. Since most digital libraries contain a colossal amount of information, it is critical to design more user-friendly interfaces to explore, understand, and manage their content. One important technique for designing such interfaces is information visualization. Although comp...

Wan, Gang

2013-01-01

32

Digital Libraries Initiative  

Science.gov (United States)

Eight US institutions are sponsoring this recently-announced initiative including the National Science Foundation, the Library of Congress, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. Phase 2 of the Digital Libraries Initiative is designed to extend research, accelerate development, and create new capabilities for digital libraries, as well as investigate the study of the interaction between people and digital libraries in various contexts. The initiative is divided into the areas of research, and testbeds & applications. Further information, along with proposal due dates and award amounts are available at the site.

33

European Digital Mathematics Library  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this paper is to survey the European Digital Mathematics Library project goals and achievements as well as an outlook for sustainable development. “Making mathematics literature published in Europe available online” www.eudml.org

Rakosnik, Jiri; Pavlov, Radoslav

2013-01-01

34

Gender and Science Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

A new project from the Gender & Diversities Institute and the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse, the Gender and Science Digital Library (GSDL) is a major initiative to create an interactive digital library of high quality gender and science resources. The library will assist K-12 educators in providing equitable science education by raising awareness of the effects that gender has on learning science and sharing teaching methods to address gender differences. The site is currently seeking educators to share resources that they have developed and to review material submitted by others. Teachers can also contribute by responding to a focus group survey on the design of the site. For those users who would like further information, there is also a link to the upcoming conferences in which GSDL will participate. This is an important site to watch for any science teacher concerned about gender equity issues.

35

The Ambient Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Conventional digital libraries increasingly support remote access from mobile devices. However, the archetypical mobile user differs from the conventional user in a number of aspects; of these the most important is context. Synonymous with mobile computing is the context concept, and factoring the availability of select contextual elements into the design of digital libraries offers significant opportunities for adapting and personalising services for the mobile computing community. This pape...

O Grady, Michael J.; O Hare, G. M. P.

2012-01-01

36

Networked Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Identifies basic concepts of a networked digital library and the effects on traditional information service and formats. Describes selected projects in information automation and delivery. Highlights research projects at six universities concerned with digitizing information to be made available via communication networks. Discusses the role of…

Borbinha, Jose Luis B.; Delgado, Jose Carlos M.

1996-01-01

37

European Digital Mathematics Library.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Sofia : Institute of Mathematics and Informatics - BAS, 2013 - (Pavlov, R.; Stanchev, P.), s. 25-34 ISSN 1314-4006. - (Vol. 3). [Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage 2013. Veliko Tarnovo (BG), 19.09.2013-20.09.2013] Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Digital Mathematics Library * European * EuDML Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

Rákosník, Ji?í; Pavlov, R.

38

Digital Asia Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Digital Asia Library (DAL), a joint offering from The Ohio State University Libraries, the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Libraries, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries, consists of a catalog of Internet resources related to Asian studies. Users can browse, keyword search, or perform an advanced search for resources. The latter allows fielded searching (Subject, Title, Summary, Author, and Publisher) and the use of limits (subject categories, regions, countries, resource types, or languages). All entries are annotated, and users can save entries that most interest them and email them to themselves. DAL is not a new resource but a must-bookmark for Asian Studies scholars.

39

LC21-Hopes and Cautions for the Library of Congress; The NSF National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program: A Progress Report; A Grammar of Dublin Core; Measuring the Impact of an Electronic Journal Collection on Library Costs: A Framework and Preliminary Observations; Emulation As a Digital Preservation Strategy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes five articles: (1) discusses Library of Congress efforts to include digital materials; (2) describes the National Science Foundation (NSF) digital library program to improve science, math, engineering, and technology education; (3) explains Dublin Core grammar; (4) measures the impact of electronic journals on library costs; and (5)…

O'Donnell, James J.; Zia, Lee L.; Baker, Thomas; Montgomery, Carol Hansen; Granger, Stewart

2000-01-01

40

Digital South Asia Library  

Science.gov (United States)

A project of the Center for Research Libraries with financial and other support from multiple sources, the Digital South Asia Library will likely become a major online resource for South Asia scholars. The site is very much still under development, but there are some resources available. These include pedagogical tools, photos and images, statistics, some bibliographies, electronic books, and some related links. Anyone who studies South Asia will want to bookmark this site and monitor its development.

Digital South Asia Library (U.S.)

41

Database Technology in Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviews issues relating to database technology and digital libraries. Highlights include resource sharing; ongoing digital library projects; metadata; user interfaces; query processing; interoperability; data quality; copyright infringement; and managerial implications, including electronic versus printed materials, accessibility,…

Preston, Carole; Lin, Binshan

2002-01-01

42

Virtual digital library  

Science.gov (United States)

The virtual digital library, a concept that is quickly becoming a reality, offers rapid and geography-independent access to stores of text, images, graphics, motion video and other datatypes. Furthermore, a user may move from one information source to another through hypertext linkages. The projects described here further the notion of such an information paradigm from an end user viewpoint.

Thoma, George R.

1996-03-01

43

Progress Toward Digital Libraries: Augmentation through Integration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduces the nine papers in a special issue focusing on progress toward digital libraries. Articles fall into three categories: history and activities about digital libraries (DL); understanding digital library users; and extending and integrating through digital libraries. (AEF)

Marchionini, Gary; Fox, Edward A.

1999-01-01

44

Digital libraries applications CBIR, education, social networks, eScience/simulation, and GIS  

CERN Document Server

Digital libraries (DLs) have evolved since their launch in 1991 into an important type of information system, with widespread application. This volume advances that trend further by describing new research and development in the DL field that builds upon the 5S (Societies, Scenarios, Spaces, Structures, Streams) framework, which is discussed in three other DL volumes in this series.While the 5S framework may be used to describe many types of information systems, and is likely to have even broader utility and appeal, we focus here on digital libraries.Drawing upon six (Akbar, Kozievitch, Leidig

Fox, Edward A

2014-01-01

45

Afghanistan Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of the Afghanistan Digital Library at New York University is "to retrieve and restore the first sixty years of Afghanistan's published cultural heritage." This period, from 1871 to 1930, is of great importance as the earliest publications from this time frame are very rare and decades of war have not helped the situation. A team of scholars working at the National Archives in Kabul and NYU has helped to digitize a number of these documents for inclusion in this digital library. The project is sponsored by NYU Libraries, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and The Reed Foundation. Currently, the archive contains over 380 books, and visitors can browse them at their leisure. There is a search feature, but as the transliteration part of the project is still in development, visitors might just want to look around at items they find compelling. The viewer application is quite user-friendly, and visitors can zoom in to examine various details of each work.

46

Western Waters Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

From the earliest European explorers to the time of modern engineers and hydrologists, the vast reserves of water within the Western United States have been the cause of both great excitement and concern. This compelling digital library brings together a wide range of documents (including legal transcripts, water project records, and personal papers) that document the Columbia, Colorado, Platte, and Rio Grande river basins. The project was completed with support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services and twelve university libraries in eight western states. On the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches, or just elect to browse through the available materials. Browsing is a good option actually, as all of the materials are contained with one of four sections: subject, people, places, and signature collections. The signature collections are a real find, and visitors can look over troves that include "Native American Water Rights in Arizona", "The Platte River Basin in Nebraska", and "Las Vegas: Water in the West".

2004-01-01

47

Digital Libraries on the Internet.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses digital libraries on the Internet. The resource repository hierarchy, consisting of two major paradigms, search engines (SEs) and digital libraries, is presented. SEs are classified into three categories: basic-SE, directory, and meta-SE. The following six major characteristics of a library are summarized: collection of data…

Sharon, Taly; Frank, Ariel J.

48

Googlizing a Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes how we dramatically increased access to our content through the use of sitemap files and sets of browsable links. Digital libraries, when characterized by search and retrieval capabilities, are normally part of the Deep Web, inaccessible to general web crawlers and hence to generalized search engines such as Google. Yet the primary goals of digital libraries include enhancing accessibility, expanding one's audience to the general public, and promoting the library. Leveraging the capabilities of popular search engines is a potentially powerful and low-cost method of meeting these goals. An overview is provided of the problem, the solutions being developed, as well as an exploration of the current methods of remediation and their applicability to two other search engines, Yahoo! and Ask. A selection of methods is implemented for a dynamically-delivered database of 1081 finding aids (in the form of Encoded Archival Description. Access statistics (ruling out crawlers already indicate a remarkable increase in user and hit counts as a result.

Jody DeRidder

2008-03-01

49

Architectural Optimization of Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This work investigates performance and scaling issues relevant to large scale distributed digital libraries. Presently, performance and scaling studies focus on specific implementations of production or prototype digital libraries. Although useful information is gained to aid these designers and other researchers with insights to performance and scaling issues, the broader issues relevant to very large scale distributed libraries are not addressed. Specifically, no current studies look at the extreme or worst case possibilities in digital library implementations. A survey of digital library research issues is presented. Scaling and performance issues are mentioned frequently in the digital library literature but are generally not the focus of much of the current research. In this thesis a model for a Generic Distributed Digital Library (GDDL) and nine cases of typical user activities are defined. This model is used to facilitate some basic analysis of scaling issues. Specifically, the calculation of Internet traffic generated for different configurations of the study parameters and an estimate of the future bandwidth needed for a large scale distributed digital library implementation. This analysis demonstrates the potential impact a future distributed digital library implementation would have on the Internet traffic load and raises questions concerning the architecture decisions being made for future distributed digital library designs.

Biser, Aileen O.

1998-01-01

50

Digital library : transformation of academic librarian roles  

OpenAIRE

Higher education literature abounds with dark forebodings regarding the impact of the Digital Library on the traditional academic library. In this paper it is argued that, by playing to their strengths and maintaining their values, academic librarians are enlivening the profession and opening new opportunities for accessing and using information. For every service no longer needed, other services for which there is more demand take their place. The paper looks especially at digital content an...

Geraghty, Aoife

2011-01-01

51

Land Treatment Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey to catalog legacy land treatment information on Bureau of Land Management lands in the western United States. The LTDL can be used by federal managers and scientists for compiling information for data-calls, producing maps, generating reports, and conducting analyses at varying spatial and temporal scales. The LTDL currently houses thousands of treatments from BLM lands across 10 states. Users can browse a map to find information on individual treatments, perform more complex queries to identify a set of treatments, and view graphs of treatment summary statistics.

Pilliod, David S.; Welty, Justin L.

2013-01-01

52

Princeton Seminary Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Princeton Seminary Digital Library offers access to over 185,000 pages of digital materials, and for people with an interest in American religious history, 19th century Korean photographs, and a cornucopia of other topics, this website is worth bookmarking. First-time visitors to the site can browse the materials here by author, collection, or journal. Currently, there are twelve different historical journals archived, including "Biblical Repertory," "Theology Today," and "The Princeton Review." In the "Browse Authors" area, visitors can look through the alphabetical listing or view the most prolific authors in a tag cloud. In the Princeton Collection, visitors can view the materials by document type, including images, poems, and sermons. The "sermon" area has some rather intriguing documents, such as a series of sermons originally published in the 1852 "Princeton Pulpit."

53

Mountain West Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Formed as part of a consortium between universities, colleges, museums, and historical societies in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho, the Mountain West Digital Library contains dozens of digital collections whose content ranges far beyond that of the geographical area covered by the Mountain West region. On their homepage, visitors can learn about the "Featured Collection" and then browse all of the available collections via a list of partner institutions. All told, there are over 100 collections here, and visitors can search the entire archive for text, images, video, or audio clips. A couple of the collections should not be missed, including "Before Gaming: Las Vegas Centennial", which provides visual documentation of a (relatively) quiet Las Vegas before the emergence of gambling. Additionally, the Mormon publication "The Young Woman's Journal" provides insight into the lives of Mormon women in the early 20th century.

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The SciELO Brazilian Scientific Journal Gateway and Open Archives; Usability of Hypermedia Educational e-Books; Building Upon the MyLibrary Concept To Better Meet the Information Needs of College Students; Open Archives and UK Institutions; The Utah Digital Newspapers Project; Examples of Practical Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that focus on practical uses of technologies developed from digital library research in the areas of education and scholarship reflecting the international impact of digital library research initiatives. Includes the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) (Brazil); the National Science Foundation (NSF) (US); the Joint…

Marcondes, Carlos Henrique; Sayao, Luis Fernando; Diaz, Paloma; Gibbons, Susan; Pinfield, Stephen; Kenning, Arlitsch; Edge, Karen; Yapp, L.; Witten, Ian H.

2003-01-01

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DIGITAL ERA: UTILIZE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN DIGITAL LIBRARY  

OpenAIRE

With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.

Raghunadha Reddy, T.

2012-01-01

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Development of Higher Education in Albania: The Case of the Public University Libraries in Efforts to Build Digital and Electronic Services for the Academic Community  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Between the obligation of carrying out their mission to ensure the quality development of higher education and the right to function as important centers where knowledge is taken, developed and transmitted, this paper will examine the technological developments of university libraries as an important part of higher education. Digital and electronic experiences applied in Albanian universities libraries will be brought to the attention of the public. This paper is based on the questionnaire survey conducted at public university libraries in Albania. Opinions of librarians regarding ICT application were elicited using a structured questionnaire, followed up with interviews. In the case of non-response by libraries is consulted their official web sites to have a more complete information. In addition, secondary sources were consulted as domestic and foreign literature in this field. Results show that: 1 the level of application information technology in public university libraries in Albania is acceptable. The most important and serious problem is the lack of the unique University Library ICT Policy; 2 serious handicap is the lack of educated librarians in using information technology; 3 the proportion of university library activity goes more digital, so the digital collection becomes reality in the public university libraries. This paper brings conclusions that contribute to: a national information communication technology policy for university libraries and b the creation of an integrated system for management and transmission of knowledge at the national level for all Albanian university libraries.

Erena Haska

2013-01-01

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Development of Higher Education in Albania: The Case of the Public University Libraries in Efforts to Build Digital and Electronic Services for the Academic Community  

OpenAIRE

Between the obligation of carrying out their mission to ensure the quality development of higher education and the right to function as important centers where knowledge is taken, developed and transmitted, this paper will examine the technological developments of university libraries as an important part of higher education. Digital and electronic experiences applied in Albanian universities libraries will be brought to the attention of the public. This paper is based on the questionnaire su...

Erena Haska

2013-01-01

58

The Climate Change Collection: A Case Study on Digital Library Collection Review and the Integration of Research, Education and Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Designed as an pilot project to assess the scientific and pedagogical quality of selected digital resources in the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE), the Climate Change Collection is thematic collection of digital resources relating to the topic of global climate change. Developed through the collaborative efforts of an interdisciplinary review team made up of professionals from the fields of climate research, geoscience education, cognitive psychology, and evaluation, the findings of the project suggest that the user needs of the reviewers should be considered in any review process, that there is inherent value in the collaboration of scientists, teachers and related fields in determining the quality of particular resources, and that the process of preparing for and conducting such reviews and annotations is time-consuming and challenging. Drawing from the experience of prior collection development efforts associated with DLESE, including the Community Review System and the Digital Water Education Library, the Climate Change Collection was developed during the Fall of 2004 and Winter of 2005. Through a series of monthly meetings with the review team facilitated by the Principal Investigator acting as Editor for the collection, and assisted by an online workspace known as a SWIKI, the Climate Change Collection was designed as an experiment in streamlined collection development that may help inform future digital library review and collection-building efforts. The initial meetings focused on training the reviewers, setting context for the review process, and discussing the perspectives of the various participants in the review team. Each participant received a stipend for their involvement in the process. A rubric "scorecard" was developed, tested, and fine-tuned by the review team with a focus primarily on scientific accuracy and the potential for effective use in the classroom. Specific concepts relating to aspects of natural climate variability and human impacts on the climate system were examined, with existing resources cataloged within DLESE being the primary materials reviewed. Each complete "scorecard" review, is posted on the web, and is accessible through a summary review that highlights the overall rating from the reviewers and key annotations of the reviewers, including suggestions on classroom use of the resource.

McCaffrey, M.

2005-05-01

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Modelling a Digital Library Architecture  

OpenAIRE

The paper presents a mathematical model of a digital library, seen as a set of cooperating components, allocated on the nodes of a network, collectively realizing the services for the digital library users. The model distinguishes application from data components, and clients from servers, in order to capture classical styles of architecturing distributed information systems. User requests are also modelled, to represent the demand which an allocation has to satisfy. A minimal and consistent ...

Locuratolo, Elvira; Meghini, Carlo

2003-01-01

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Information architecture for digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

This paper surveys information architecture in the context of digital libraries. Key concepts are defined as well as common attributes of information architectures in general. Communications standards — including hybrid TCP/IP-OSI, CORBA, and Web services — are explored, as well as the history of information architecture and related models. A number of digital library projects are analyzed with a focus on their distinct architectures. The key role of information architecture in the design...

Simon, Scott James University Of South Florida

2008-01-01

61

Gender and Science Digital Library (GSDL)  

Science.gov (United States)

The Gender and Science Digital Library (GSDL) aims to provide high-quality digital resources to 1) Help educators promote interest and engagement with STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education by learners of all ages, particularly females; 2) Encourage learners to pursue science education and future careers in science; 3) Provide an inter-disciplinary examination of the role of gender in the creation, teaching and learning of science; 4) Build community among all interested users for the purposes of inquiry, information exchange, best practices development and mentoring.

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DIGITAL ERA: UTILIZE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN DIGITAL LIBRARY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.

T. RAGHUNADHA REDDY

2012-09-01

63

NASA Wavelength Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Wavelength website serves as a "pathway into a digital collection of Earth and space science resources for educators of all levels." These resources have been developed through funding from the NASA Science Mission Directorate and aim to answer some important questions like, "How do planets and life originate?" and "Are we alone?" From the homepage, visitors can use the Browse our Collections feature to find worksheets, classroom activities, and more. The site also includes an Image of the Day, which brings together a wonderful trove of images collected by NASA over the years. Moving on to Data & Images, visitors will find a fine annotated list of resources, ranging from AstroPix to the Solar Dynamics Observatory Gallery, that contains high-quality images and data sets for classroom use. The Strandmaps area should not be missed; the tools here provide a way to find resources from online collections that relate to specific science and math concepts. It's a great resource and one that warrants close attention.

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Development of the educational digital library EduCR@I 2.0 Desarrollo de la Biblioteca Digital Educativa EduCR@I 2.0  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries have changed from being places where you store, organize and disseminate information, to become dynamic centers, acting proactively in knowledge construction by providing resources and services that innovate ways to communicate with its users to create alternative spaces to make an impact in the academic life of the institution. This educational digital library proposal involves the construction of a virtual space extended to the physical library resources to accommodate different teaching and educational purposes expressed in learning objects, video channel, wikis, virtual classroom, blogs, web portal, library in virtual worlds and digital repositories. EDUCR @ I 2.0 is the name that has been designated to the multi-platform educational digital library CUCSUR, presenting up to now as progress in its construction the design of structures for skills development writers. The project proposes a flexible schema to be organized in a modular way and the possibilities to increase its components. It allows saving costs due to the use of free software and open source as well as the campus intranet, and depending on the incorporation of multimedia materials, users online and scanned documents to database, it is possible to perform preliminary tests on its functionality with Workstations computer equipment type for preliminary testing and measuring growth of the collections in the future.Las bibliotecas han evolucionado de ser lugares donde se almacenan, organizan y difunden la información hasta convertirse en centros dinámicos que actúan de manera proactiva en la construcción del conocimiento al disponer de recursos y servicios que innovan la manera de comunicarse con sus usuarios al generar espacios alternativos para lograr un impacto en la vida académica de la institución. La presente propuesta de biblioteca digital educativa consiste en la construcción de un espacio virtual extendido a la biblioteca física para albergar diferentes recursos con fines didácticos y educativos expresados en objetos de aprendizaje, canal de video, wikis, aula virtual, blogs, portal web, biblioteca en mundos virtuales y repositorios digitales. EDUCR@I 2.0 es el nombre que se le ha designado a la multiplataforma digital educativa de la biblioteca del CUCSUR, que presenta hasta el momento como avance en su construcción el diseño de estructuras para el desarrollo de competencias escritoras. El proyecto propone un esquema flexible al organizarse de forma modular y con posibilidades para incrementar sus componentes. Permite el ahorro de costos debido a la utilización de software libre y código abierto así como la intranet del campus y, dependiendo de la incorporación de materiales multimedia, usuarios conectados y documentos digitalizados a las bases de datos, es posible realizar pruebas preliminares de su funcionalidad con equipos de cómputo tipo Workstation existentes para la realización de pruebas preliminares y la medición de crecimiento de las colecciones a futuro

Yolanda López Santana

2013-01-01

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The New Zealand Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This fine Website provides searchable access to a number of voluminous document collections from diverse sources around the world in the fields of history, humanitarian and global development, computer science, music, and literature. These databases are chock full of documents, reports, articles, bibliographies, periodicals, and audio/ video files. The Website's searching and browsing interfaces are provided by Greenstone digital library software and enable easy, effective searching through these substantial collections, which include materials from the UN University, the Food and Agriculture organization, the Humanity Development Library, the World Environment Library, the Bibliotheque pour le Developpement, and more. Also included here are interfaces for the Gutenberg Project (see the November 22, 1996 Scout Report), a women's history collection, a youth oral history covering the lives of New Zealand children in the pre- and post-World War II years, the New Zealand Digital Music Library, and even an extensive music video collection (note: download times for videos can be several minutes). Two of the collections -- on Arabic and Chinese studies -- appear to be still under construction. The great boon of the site, of course, is the fact that rather than simply serving as a gateway, it allows users to immediately access the various materials brought up by the interface. "The New Zealand Digital Library project is a research program at The University of Waikato whose aim is to develop the underlying technology for digital libraries and make it available publicly so that others can use it to create their own collections."

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Europe's Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This European website is dedicated to addressing digital preservation problems so that those involved can better plan for future research and development. A key concern is that digital information, and specifically "cultural heritage and scientific objects," will remain accessible and usable for future generations. Although Epranet does not conduct research and development, "it will create a coherent platform for proactive co-operation, collaboration, exchange and dissemination of research results and experience in the preservation of digital objects." Information available online includes best practice guides, workshop materials, reports, and other resources.

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Theoretical Foundations for Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

In 1991, a group of researchers chose the term digital libraries to describe an emerging field of research, development, and practice. Since then, Virginia Tech has had funded research in this area, largely through its Digital Library Research Laboratory. This book is the first in a four book series that reports our key findings and current research investigations. Underlying this book series are five completed dissertations (Gonçalves, Kozievitch, Murthy, Shen, Torres), nine dissertations underway, and many masters theses. These reflect our experience with a long string of prototype or produc

Fox, Edward A; Shen, Rao

2012-01-01

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Finding Science Resources Online with the ARTEMIS Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the ARTEMIS Digital Library (ADL), created by researchers and software designers from the fields of education, computer science, and library and information science to help middle and high school students access science-related materials. Explains the three components, including the library, the Web interface, and the scaffolds based on…

Abbas, June

2003-01-01

69

New Zealand Digital Library: Humanity Development Library 2.0  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission of the Humanity Development Library is to make practical information from many sources available at the lowest possible cost to the user. Originally created as a set of CD-ROMs and now on the Web, the library provides a gateway to the publications of a whole host of international human development and educational organizations, from the Asian Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU) to the World Bank. Greenstone software, developed for the New Zealand Digital Library, allows keyword searching across the 1,200+ texts in the library. Users can also browse by subject, title, or organization. The library is available as part of the New Zealand Digital Library, includes full texts and cover art of publications such as CERES, a periodical from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and AIDS Prevention Through Health Promotion, a 1991 book from the World Health Organization. The "Detach" feature of the software allows users to read selected publications in a separate browser window

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Uncovering Information Hidden in Web Archives: Glimpse at Web Analysis Building on Data Warehouses; Towards Continuous Web Archiving: First Results and an Agenda for the Future; The Open Video Digital Library; After Migration to an Electronic Journal Collection: Impact on Faculty and Doctoral Students; Who Is Reading On-Line Education Journals? Why? And What Are They Reading?; Report on eLibrary@UBC4: Research, Collaboration and the Digital Library - Visions for 2010.  

Science.gov (United States)

These six articles discuss Web archives and Web analysis building on data warehouses; international efforts at continuous Web archiving; the Open Video Digital Library; electronic journal collections in academic libraries; online education journals; and an electronic library symposium at the University of British Columbia. (LRW)

Rauber, Andreas; Bruckner, Robert M.; Aschenbrenner, Andreas; Witvoet, Oliver; Kaiser, Max; Masanes, Julien; Marchionini, Gary; Geisler, Gary; King, Donald W.; Montgomery, Carol Hansen; Rudner, Lawrence M.; Gellmann, Jennifer S.; Miller-Whitehead, Marie; Iverson, Lee

2002-01-01

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Haverford Digital Libraries Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

Haverford College has been producing a range of student-led digital projects for almost a decade and these works (along with more formal staff initiatives) are all available right here. Under Projects, visitors can look over neat works such as Mapping Microfinance and the very cool Bit By Bit, which is an illustrated history of computing crafted by two students and a digital scholarship librarian. The Toolboxes section contains links to high-quality public domain resources, complete with headings like Create Maps, Visualize Data, and Create a Digital Exhibit. Other projects highlight an archive of statements made by al-Qaeda and an interactive urban-studies-style exploration of nearby Lancaster Avenue.

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DL.org digital library manifesto  

OpenAIRE

This booklet is abstracted and abridged from "The Digital Library Reference Model"- D3.2b DL.org project Deliverable, April 2011. The booklet is focused on identifying he cornerstone elements characterising the whole digital library domain.

Candela, Leonardo; Athanasopoulos, George; Castelli, Donatella; El Raheb, Katerina; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, A.; Vullo, Giuseppina; Ross, Seamus

2011-01-01

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Berkely Digital Library Project, The  

Science.gov (United States)

The UC Berkeley Digital Library Project is developing the tools and technologies to support highly improved models of the "scholarly information life cycle." Our goal is to facilitate the move from the current centralized, discrete publishing model, to a distributed, continuous, and self-publishing model, while still preserving the best aspects of the current model such as peer review.

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The ERESE project: Bridging the gap between Digital Science Libraries and Education through Professional Development of Teachers and Database Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The ERESE (Enduring Resources in Earth Science Education) project involves a close collaboration between teachers, librarians, educators, data archive managers and scientists in Earth sciences and information technology, to create a digital library environment for Earth science education. We report here on an ongoing (NSF-NSDL) project involving teachers' professional development in the pedagogy of plate tectonics in middle and high schools. This work included efforts in scientific database development in terms of contents and search tools, the development of an inquiry based learning approach, a two week professional development workshop attended by 15 teachers from across the nation, a classroom implementation of lesson plans developed by the teachers at the workshop and an evaluation/validation process for the success of their pedagogic approaches. This ERESE project offers a novel path for both science teaching and professional outreach for scientists, and includes four key components: (1) A true, long-term research partnership between educators and scientists, guiding each other with respect to the authenticity of the science taught and the educational soundness of a scientists' elaborations on science concepts. (2) Expansion of existing scientific databases through the use of metadata that tie scientific materials to a particular expert level and teaching goal. (3) The design of interfaces that make data accessible to the educational community. (4) The use of an inquiry based teaching approach that integrates the scientist-educator collaboration and the data base developments. Our pedagogic approach includes the development of a central hypotheses by the student in response to an initial general orientation and presentation of a well chosen central provocative phenomenon by the teacher. Then, the student develops a research plan that is devoted to address this hypothesis through the use of the materials provided by a scientific database allowing a students prove or disprove their hypothesis and to explore the limits of the (current) understanding of a particular science question. Our first experience with this ERESE project involved a steep learning curve, but the initial results are very promising, providing true professional development for educators as well as for the scientists, whereby the former learn about new ways of teaching science and the latter learn to communicate with teachers.

Staudigel, H.; Helly, M.; Helly, J.; Koppers, A.; Massel-Symons, C.; Miller, S.

2004-12-01

75

A New Step Toward Digital Library Foundations  

OpenAIRE

DL.org (www.dlorg.eu), a European Coordination Action on "Digital Library Interoperability, Best Practices and Modelling Foundations", has recently finalised a new version of the "Digital Library Reference Model". This has been produced by using the DELOS Digital Library Reference Model (produced in February 2008) as a firm starting point and drawing on global expertise harnessed through six working groups made up of more than 50 international experts who are active in the Digital Library dom...

Castelli, Donatella; Candela, Leonardo

2011-01-01

76

Digital Library of the Caribbean  

Science.gov (United States)

This rather remarkable collection based at the University of Florida is a unique collaboration between that institution and a range of academic libraries, historical societies, and other organizations throughout the Caribbean. The collections here include the Panama and the Canal, Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library, and the Vodou Archive. The Panama and the Canal archive contains 172 items related to the history and geography of the Panama and Canal Zone. The items here include annual reports on the progress of the Canal's construction, along with photographs and maps. Moving on, the Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library offers a range of historic newspapers from Cuba, Brazil, and other countries in the region. Finally, the Vodou Archive contains 70 photographs, paintings, book covers and other items that document Vodou religion and culture.

2011-01-01

77

New Jersey Environmental Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Developed by the Scholarly Communication Center of Rutgers University Libraries, this site offers access to an impressive array of materials related to the New Jersey environment. The scope of the collection is quite broad, including citizen information, technical reports, photographic tours, and even some full-length videos. In addition, many of the items in the digital library are ephemeral or grey literature, typically unavailable through common research tools. Visitors may search the collection by keyword or phrase, title, or author, or browse via one of three pull-down menus: theme, place (county), and document type. As if all this were not enough, the library will also digitize documents on demand, and environmental organizations and individual researchers can submit their materials directly to the collection (select "submit records" for instructions). An excellent resource and a model for other states.

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Places to Go: New York Public Library Digital Gallery  

Science.gov (United States)

This article features the New York Public Library's (NYPL) recently opened Digital Gallery. Containing more than 275,000 images digitized from primary sources and printed rarities, the Digital Gallery offers unparalleled access to the past for educators and interested visitors alike. Organization and navigation present a challenge with any…

Downes, Stephen

2005-01-01

79

Digital Library Collaboration: A Service-Oriented Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Collaboration in the digital domain offers an opportunity to provide enhanced digital services and extended reach to the community. This article adopts a service-oriented perspective through which it considers environmental drivers for digital library collaboration; discusses emergent collaborative partnerships across UK educational institutions,…

Buchanan, Steven; Gibb, Forbes; Simmons, Susan; McMenemy, David

2012-01-01

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The Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents the Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library Project (YMTDL) including discussions of policy issues, project implementation and results. It also discusses how the presence of this project in one graduate school has stimulated thinking about Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) in the broader academic community The M.D. thesis at Yale, a tradition dating from 1839, has remained an essential part of the contemporary medical education curriculum. Students must create their...

Greenberg, Charles J.; Belanger, Arthur; Mayman, Gillian

2003-01-01

81

State Digital Library Usability: Contributing Organizational Factors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines contributing factors for the organizational usability of state digital libraries through evidence from usage statistics of Internet-based database services available through a state digital library, a statewide-administered library survey, and a Web-based survey of users. Presents an organizational usability model for state digital

Xie, Hong; Wolfram, Dietmar

2002-01-01

82

The National Library Service (SBN towards digital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the sector of technologies for the Information Society, the General Direction for Library Heritage and Cultural Institutes has promoted two programs: · SBN: The National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale · BDI: The Italian Digital Library (Biblioteca Digitale Italiana and another project, which was approved on March 18, 2003: · BDI&NTC: The Italian Digital Library and Cultural Tourist Network

Giuliana Sgambati

2003-12-01

83

National Science Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The NSDL was created by NSF to provide organized access to high quality resources and tools that support innovations in teaching and learning at all levels of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education.

NSDL

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NASA Wavelength: A Digital Library for Earth and Space Science Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Science Education and Public Outreach Forums have developed a web-based information system - NASA Wavelength - that will enable easy discovery and retrieval of thousands of resources from the NASA Earth and space science education portfolio. The beta system is being launched fall 2012 and has been developed based on best-practices in the architecture and design of Web-based information systems. The design style and philosophy emphasize simple, reusable data and services that facilitate the free-flow of data across systems. The primary audiences for NASA Wavelength are STEM educators (K-12, higher education and informal education) as well as scientists, education and public outreach professionals who work with k-12, higher education and informal education.

Schwerin, T.; Peticolas, L. M.; Bartolone, L. M.; Davey, B.; Porcello, D.

2012-12-01

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Accessing Digital Libraries: A Study of ARL Members' Digital Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

To ensure efficient access to and integrated searching capabilities for their institution's new digital library projects, the authors studied Web sites of the Association of Research Libraries' (ARL) 111 academic, English-language libraries. Data were gathered on 1117 digital projects, noting library Web site and project access, metadata, and…

Kahl, Chad M.; Williams, Sarah C.

2006-01-01

86

University of Missouri Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The diligent staff members at the University of Missouri Digital Library have been working since 2001 to create this repository for various thematic digital collections, and they have amassed over twenty text collections and twenty-three image collections thus far. The site is a real delight, as it contains everything from a 250-piece collection of World War I sheet music to the complete digitized version of the University's student yearbook, titled "The Savitar". Visitors can browse through the other collections as they wish, looking over a collection of speeches by Daniel Webster, photographs of the Missouri Botanical Garden, and sports posters from the school. Additionally, there is also a link to another fine digital collection of historic newspapers from the state as well.

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User Interface Design Framework for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The proliferation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT has provided a well sophisticated environment for the development of digital libraries. The usability of a digital library primarily depends upon its user interface (UI system. Designing effective user interface system for digital libraries is a complex task. User Interface Framework is helpful to design effective interface system, as it identifies and focuses on the various factors and limitations that influence the design of the system. Hence, this paper presents a novel user interface design framework for digital libraries based on user-centered design methodology and digital library user interface design principles, for its effective implementation.

Hanumat G. Sastry

2011-02-01

88

Digital Library and Digital Reference Service: Integration and Mutual Complementarity  

Science.gov (United States)

Both the digital library and the digital reference service were invented and have been developed under the networked environment. Among their intersections, the fundamental thing is their symbiotic interest--serving the user in a more efficient way. The article starts by discussing the digital library and its service and the digital reference…

Liu, Jia

2008-01-01

89

Access of Digitized Print Originals in US and UK Higher Education Libraries Combined with Print Circulation Indicates Increased Usage of Traditional Forms of Reading Materials. A Review of: Joint, Nicholas. “Is Digitisation the New Circulation?: Borrowing Trends, Digitisation and the nature of reading in US and UK Libraries.” Library Review 57.2 (2008: 87-95.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To discern the statistical accuracy of reports that print circulation is in decline in libraries, particularly higher education libraries in the United States (USand United Kingdom (UK, and to determine if circulation patterns reflect a changing dynamic in patron reading habits.Design – Comparative statistical analysis.Setting – Library circulation statistics from as early as 1982 to as recent as 2006, culled from various sources with specific references to statistics gathered by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA, the Library and Information Statistics Unit (LISU, the Association of Research Libraries (ARL, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES, and the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL.Subjects – Higher education institutions in the United States and United Kingdom, along with public libraries to a lesser extent.Methods – This study consists of an analysis of print circulation statistics in public and higher education libraries in the US and UK, combined with data on multimedia circulation in public libraries and instances of digital access in university libraries. Specifically, NEA statistics provided data on print readership levels in the US from 1982 to 2002; LISU statistics were analyzed for circulation figures and gate counts in UK public libraries; ARL statistics from 1996 to 2006 provided circulation data for large North American research libraries; NCES statistics from 1990 to 2004 contributed data on circulation in “tertiary level” US higher education libraries; and ACRL statistics were analyzed for more circulation numbers for US post-secondary education libraries. The study further includes data on UK trends in print readership and circulation in UK higher education libraries, and trends in US public library circulation of non-print materials.Main Results – Analysis of the data indicates that print circulation is down in US and UK public libraries and in ARL member libraries, while it is up in the non-ARL higher education libraries represented and in UK higher education libraries. However, audio book circulation in US public libraries supplements print circulation to the point where overall circulation of book materials is increasing, and the access of digital literature supplements print circulation in ARL member libraries (although the statistics are difficult to measure and meld with print circulation statistics. Essentially, the circulation of book material is increasing in most institutions when all formats are considered. According to the author, library patrons are reading more than ever; the materials patrons are accessing are traditional in content regardless of the means by which the materials are accessed.Conclusion – The author contends that print circulation is in decline only where digitization efforts are extensive, such as in ARL-member libraries; when digital content is factored into the equation the access of book-type materials is up in most libraries. The author speculates that whether library patrons use print or digital materials, the content of those materials is largely traditional in nature, thereby resulting in the act of “literary” reading remaining a focal point of library usage. Modes of reading and learning have not changed, at least insofar as these things may be inferred from studying circulation statistics. The author asserts that digital access is favorable to patrons and that libraries should attempt to follow the ARL model of engaging in large scale digitization projects in order to provide better service to their patrons; the author goes on to argue that UK institutions with comparable funding to ARLs will have greater success in this endeavour if UK copyright laws are relaxed.

Kurt Blythe

2009-03-01

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Digital library and the Slovenian academic environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital library is a term for a library of the present and of the future challenging the traditional libraries. Authors are interested mostly in the digital space of Slovene academic instutions. In the research, the digital collections of most of the University of Ljubljana faculties are examined. A questionnaire was used to obtain information about the users' (students' needs and their acquaintance with the concept of the digital library. Two things were expected: the research was aimed at finding the positive effect of digital libraries on studies, and the questionnaire as an incentive in the library profession for further research. The questionnaire was made in the end of 1999 at the Faculty of Arts in Ljubljana (FF. It included 275 students of FF. The results showed that the students of librarianship had a better understanding of the term digital library than the students of other courses. A personal computer is used frequently and with pleasure by most questioned students. The term digital library is known to 71,1% of the students of librarianship, and only to 43,8% of others. Most of the students chose the correct definition of the digital library (the digital library is a collection of disparate systems and resources, accessible on the net, but that was, by the authors' opinion, mostly a lucky guess. According to the findings of the research, the authors believe that future development will improve and accelerate a wider use of digital libraries, in Slovenia as well.

Martina Kerec

2001-01-01

91

A Metadata Registry for the Semantic Web; Meta-Design of a Community Digital Library; Levels of Service for Digital Repositories; Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights: A Digital Library Context.  

Science.gov (United States)

These four articles discuss the role of metadata registries for the Semantic Web; the development of a community digital library called the Digital Library for Earth System Education using meta-design; digital preservation and levels of service for digital repositories; and digitizing cultural materials and indigenous cultural and intellectual…

Heery, Rachel; Wagner, Harry; Wright, Michael; Marlino, Mary; Sumner, Tamara; LeFurgy, William G.; Sullivan, Robert

2002-01-01

92

Digital Libraries from Concept to Practice  

CERN Document Server

The paper represents the result of research in the field of digital libraries functionalities in the context of new Grid infrastructure support. It is defined a new vector of knowledge society, informational vector - content vector. It presents a Grid European project which includes Romanian partners, and it defines on this base a digital library model which can be applied for the libraries in Romania.

Banciu, D

2007-01-01

93

The Rise of the Digital Public Library  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a growing shift to digital offerings among public libraries. Libraries increasingly are fulfilling roles as technology hubs for their communities, with high demand for technology and career development training resources. Ebooks and other digital materials are on the rise, while print is being scaled back. More libraries are turning to…

McKendrick, Joseph

2012-01-01

94

Digital Libraries--Methods and Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital library is commonly seen as a type of information retrieval system which stores and accesses digital content remotely via computer networks. However, the vision of digital libraries is not limited to technology or management, but user experience. This book is an attempt to share the practical experiences of solutions to the operation of…

Huang, Kuo Hung, Ed.

2011-01-01

95

Building a Digital Library on a Shoestring  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the authors discuss ways one can create a digital library on a shoestring despite the current high technology costs. Here, they describe the University of South Carolina's digital library development. The cost associated with building and maintaining the digital collections seems to have been worth it based on the feedback that…

Boyd, Kate Foster; Creighton, Alma

2006-01-01

96

Graduate and Post-MLS Study in Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

As librarians confront the Information Age, it is imperative that they remain aware of the issues that affect the profession. Traditional library skills are no longer adequate for maintaining a competitive edge in the field. Post-graduate education in digital libraries offers information professionals an opportunity to broaden their knowledge of…

Blummer, Barbara

2005-01-01

97

Digital Preservation in Open-Source Digital Library Software  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital archives and digital library projects are being initiated all over the world for materials of different formats and domains. To organize, store, and retrieve digital content, many libraries as well as archiving centers are using either proprietary or open-source software. While it is accepted that print media can survive for centuries with…

Madalli, Devika P.; Barve, Sunita; Amin, Saiful

2012-01-01

98

The NSF National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program: New Projects and a Progress Report; Lessons Learned: The Development of Electronic Reserves at the University of Calgary; A Challenging Future Awaits Libraries Able To Change: Highlights of the International Summer School on the Digital Library; DISA: Insights of an African Model for Digital Library Development; Organizing Ready Reference and Administrative Information with the Reference Desk Manager; Sue at the Field Museum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Topics include: digital library projects in the National Science Foundation's NSDL program; an electronic reserve platform at the University of Calgary; highlights from the sixth International Summer School on the Digital Library; the Digital Imaging Project of South Africa; a database of local information at the Oregon State University library;…

Zia, Lee L.; Pearce, Linda; Prinsen, Jola G. B.; Ticer, B. V.; Peters, Dale; Pickover, Michele; Matylonek, John C.; Ottow, Carolyn; Reese, Terry

2001-01-01

99

Towards a Holistic Approach to Policy Interoperability in Digital Libraries and Digital Repositories  

OpenAIRE

Underpinning every digital library and digital repository there is a policy framework, which makes the digital library viable - without a policy framework a digital library is little more than a container for content. Policy governs how a digital library is instantiated and run. It is therefore a meta-domain which is situated both outside the digital library and any technologies used to deliver it, and within the digital library itself. Policy is also a key aspect of digital library and digit...

Innocenti, Perla; Smith, Mackenzie; Ashley, Kevin; Ross, Seamus; Robbio, Antonella; Pfeiffenberger, Hans; Faundeen, John

2011-01-01

100

User Interface Design Framework for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

The proliferation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has provided a well sophisticated environment for the development of digital libraries. The usability of a digital library primarily depends upon its user interface (UI) system. Designing effective user interface system for digital libraries is a complex task. User Interface Framework is helpful to design effective interface system, as it identifies and focuses on the various factors and limitations that influence the desig...

Sastry, Hanumat G.; Manjunath G; Venkatadri. M; Reddy, Lokanatha C.

2011-01-01

101

Digital Radiology Image Learning Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Digital Radiology Image Learning Library (DRILL) is designed as an interactive teaching tool targeted to the radiologic community. The DRILL pilot comprises a comprehensive mammographic information base consisting of factual data in a relational database, an extensive knowledge base in semantic nets and high-resolution images. A flexible query module permits the user to browse and retrieve examination data, case discussions, and related images. Other applications, including expert systems, instructional programs, and skill building exercises, can be accessed through well-defined software constructs

102

Business planning for digital libraries international approaches  

CERN Document Server

This book brings together international experience of business planning for digital libraries: the business case, the planning processes involved, the costs and benefi ts, practice and standards, and comparison with the traditional library where appropriate. Although there is a vast literature already on other aspects of digital libraries, business planning is a subject that until now has not been systematically integrated in a book.Digital libraries are being created not only by traditional libraries, but by museums, archives, media organizations, and indeed any organization concerned with ma

Collier, Mel

2010-01-01

103

Pitts Theology Library: Digital Image Archive  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at Emory University, the Pitts Theology Library has a number of digital archives that are worthy of mention. This particular one brings together over 28,000 images of biblical illustrations. The archive also includes engravings of church buildings and religious leaders. Visitors can search the archive by call number or Bible verse, which is a rather helpful way to look for items of interest. Visitors are also encouraged to use these images for use in church publications, research papers, and other educational settings. Also, visitors can use the "Revised Common Lectionary" area to identify commonly used items, like Gospel lessons and Hebrew Bible lessons. The site is rounded out by a "FAQ" area and a link to the Library's main Special Collection site.

104

What Do Digital Books Mean for Libraries?  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital books, or electronic books, and their relationship to libraries and communication between authors and readers. Topics include the scholarly market, for academic libraries, versus the consumer market; textbooks versus novels; digitization of older books; marketing; costs; and electronic books versus printed books. (LRW)

Lynch, Clifford

2001-01-01

105

User studies for digital library development  

CERN Document Server

As the information environment becomes increasingly electronic, digital libraries have proliferated, but the focus has often been on innovations in technology and not the user. This title provides a clear overview of the user studies domain and user issues in digital libraries.

Dobreva, Milena; Feliciati, Pierluigi

2012-01-01

106

Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

Rajab Abd al-Hamed

2007-09-01

107

Library Services for a Digital Future  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) Libraries initiated its spin on digital libraries as a partner in a W. M. Keck Foundation grant awarded to the university in 1997. The overall grant ($2,250,000) supported a variety of earth science-related projects at UNR. The UNR Libraries's portion ($450,000) funded establishment of the W. M. Keck Earth…

Aldrich, Duncan M.; Stefanelli, Greggory

2006-01-01

108

Asia-Pacific Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at the Kapi'olani Community College, the Asia-Pacific Digital Library (APDL) brings together six great collections that explore a variety of topics, including the ethnobotany of the first Polynesian settlers, the weather patterns in Hawaii, and the stories of the Hawaiian born Nisei. The ethnobotany collection is an arresting exploration of how early Hawaiians used fibers, foodstuffs, and other items as part of their everyday lives. One rather unique offering here is the Traditions of O'ahu exhibit. Here, visitors can learn about the stories of this ancient island as experienced by its earliest inhabitants. The stories are organized by district and visitors can also learn how their lives were affected by the seasons and the passing forces of nature.

2003-01-01

109

Application of Cloud Technology in Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly a...

Kishore Kumar, D.; Yssr Murthy; Ramakrishna, D.; Akurati Venkat Rohit

2012-01-01

110

The institutional repository in the digital library  

OpenAIRE

We begin by looking at the concept of institutional repositories within the broader context of digital libraries. ‘Digital libraries’ can mean many things, but we consider them to be libraries first and foremost, and built upon the enduring principles of information management which have lain at the heart of the practice of librarianship for hundreds of years. We look also at the significance of the qualification which defines the scope of this book – the institutional...

Maccoll, John; Jones, Richard D.; Andrew, Theo

2006-01-01

111

Evaluation of digital libraries using snowball sampling  

OpenAIRE

This article describes how snowball sampling was applied in two different cases to evaluate digital collections. The first digital library was evaluated by conducting in–person interviews with survey participants. For the second digital library, an e–mail survey was mailed to site users. The results are compared and a cost–benefit analysis is provided. The author concludes that the convenience of an e–mail survey is not necessarily the most effective way to survey users.

Peterson, Elaine

2005-01-01

112

Digital Library of IIITM-K – Experiences of Next Generation resource centre  

OpenAIRE

Digital Library has many features that make it distinct from traditional libraries. These features make it an excellent medium to address information and interaction services related to quality of education, and management of learning environments. While the paper libraries have become very expensive and are the prerogative of only a few well endowed institutions, Digital Libraries make these services and more at affordable costs. This will remove the digital divide between developed and deve...

Srinivasan, K.; Laxmi, B. V.; Sahay, Manjul; Singhal, Abhay; Srivathsan, K. R.

2002-01-01

113

Digital Preservation: A Time Bomb for Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Argues that the difficulty and expense of preserving digital information is a potential impediment to digital library development. Discusses the present state of digital preservation, articulates requirements for users and custodians, and suggests research topics in storage media, migration, conversion, and overall management strategies. (DSK)

Hedstrom, Margaret

1998-01-01

114

MyLibrary: A Digital Library Framework and Toolkit  

OpenAIRE

This article describes a digital library framework and toolkit called MyLibrary. At its heart, MyLibrary is designed to create relationships between information resources and people. To this end, MyLibrary is made up of essentially four parts: (1) information resources, (2) patrons, (3) librarians, and (4) a set of locally defined, institution-specific facet/term combinations interconnecting the first three. On another level, MyLibrary is a set of object-oriented Perl modules intended ...

Morgan, Eric Lease

2013-01-01

115

IEEE Computer Society Digital Library News (DLN)  

Science.gov (United States)

This newsletter, provided by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) Computer Society Task Force on Digital Libraries, and issued three times per year (June/July, October, and February), intends to be a "brief alerting/reporting service for those working in the diverse fields which comprise digital libraries." The first issue features a report on the Advances in Digital Libraries Conference, which took place in May, 1997. Pertinent site and electronic journal announcements, and a conference calendar are included. Submissions are encouraged. An archive of the newsletter is available at the above URL.

116

Experimental OAI-Based Digital Library Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of Open Archives Initiative (OAI) is to develop a simple, lightweight framework to facilitate the discovery of content in distributed archives (http://www.openarchives.org). The focus of the workshop held at the 5th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL 2001) was to bring researchers in the area of digital libraries who are building OAI based systems so as to share their experiences, problems they are facing, and approaches they are taking to address them. The workshop consisted of invited talks from well-established researchers working in building OAI based digital library system along with short paper presentations.

Nelson, Michael L. (Editor); Maly, Kurt (Editor); Zubair, Mohammad (Editor); Rusch-Feja, Diann (Editor)

2002-01-01

117

World Digital Library: A Case Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: The study reports the aim and features of the World Digital Library (WDL, one of the pioneer projects reflecting the beauty of digital preservation. The study analyzes the contribution of resources continent wise, type, lingual pattern, time period, subjects covered and institutions to WDL.Methodology/Approach: The study is based on the content analysis of WDL. Findings: The study clearly reflects a growing trend of cultural and heritage resources in WDL.Future Implications: The study can be taken a step forward by researching the digital preservation strategies adopted by WDL to safeguard the global heritage wealth.Social Implications: The study can be an initiator at individual, institutional, regional, national and global level to contribute for enrichment of cultural tastes in WDL.Keywords: Digital libraries; Digital preservation; Heritage; Culture; Heritage preservation; World Digital Library (WDLPaper Type: Research

Somaira Nabi

2012-06-01

118

Digital Collection and Development Initiatives in Engineering College Libraries: An Analytical Survey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to study the initiatives on digital collection and development in engineering college libraries in the Rayalaseema Region of Andhra Pradesh. Eighty-one engineering college libraries in Rayalaseema Region have been surveyed to assess the initiatives taken on digital collection and development. This paper highlights opinions of librarians on most preferred digital materials and various digital resources acquainted with their library. The digital library initiatives cover a variety of activities starting from the digital collection building, digitization, digital collection, maintenance, and digital preservation. It is found that 34.57% of libraries are in the process of building digital collections, which is an encouraging trend among Engineering Educational Institutions in Rayalaseema Region.

Kutty Kumar

2014-06-01

119

Programming Not Required: Skills and Knowledge for the Digital Library Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

Education for Library and Information professionals in managing the digital environment has been a key topic for discussion within the LIS environment for some time. However, before designing and implementing a program for digital library education, it is prudent to ensure that the skills and knowledge required to work in this environment are…

Howard, Katherine

2010-01-01

120

Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ as parts of the European Digital Mathematics Library EuDML  

OpenAIRE

The paper presents in brief the Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and the Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ. Both libraries use the open source software DSpace and both are partners in the European Digital Mathematics Library EuDML. We describe their content and metadata schemas; outline the architecture system and overview the statistics of its use.

Rakosnik, Jiri; Stanchev, Peter; Simeonov, George; Pavlov, Radoslav

2012-01-01

121

Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Within a digital library, collections may range from an ad hoc set of objects that serve a temporary purpose to established library collections intended to persist through time. The objects in these collections vary widely, from library and data center holdings to pointers to real-world objects, such as geographic places, and the various metadata schemas that describe them. The key to integrated use of such a variety of collections in a digital library is collection metadata that represents the inherent and contextual characteristics of a collection. The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project has designed and implemented collection metadata for several purposes: in XML form, the collection metadata "registers" the collection with the user interface client; in HTML form, it is used for user documentation; eventually, it will be used to describe the collection to network search agents; and it is used for internal collection management, including mapping the object metadata attributes to the common search parameters of the system.

Hill, Linda L.; Janee, Greg; Dolin, Ron; Frew, James; Larsgaard, Mary

1999-01-01

122

A Digital Library Resource Web Site: Project DL.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes Project DL whose goal was to provide a Web site where diverse information sources on digital libraries are available. Discusses the Web site design at the University of Missouri-Columbia that includes three sections: digital library collections, digital library resources, and digital library Web sites. (Author/LRW)

Kochtanek, Thomas R.; Hein, Karen K.; Kassim, Ahmad Rafee Che

2001-01-01

123

Users Views about the Usability of Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined users' views about the usability of digital libraries' current and perceived importance. Age, gender, prior experience with the Internet, college status, and digital library proficiency are the independent variables. Users' current views about the usability of digital libraries and users perceived importance of digital library

Koohang, Alex; Ondracek, James

2005-01-01

124

The State of Development of Digital Libraries in Poland  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of development of Polish digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach: The paper describes the establishment of the first digital library in Poland, the creation of the Wielkopolska Digital Library and other regional digital libraries. The organisational and technological solutions used…

Gorny, Miroslaw; Catlow, John; Lewandowski, Rafal

2010-01-01

125

An Overview of Invenio Digital Library Software  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is a free, open source software suite that will enable you to run your own digital library or document repository on the web. The software covers all the stages of digital library management from document ingestion through to classification, indexing, curation and finally, dissemination. Invenio complies with the OAI metadata harvesting protocol and uses MARC21 as its underlying bibliographic format, hence facilitating the sharing of resources between repositories worldwide.

CERN-IT-UDS-CDS; Audiovisual Service

2011-01-01

126

Digital Library and Data Grid Technology Group  

OpenAIRE

Digital libraries and data grids manage state information about data collections. This is in contrast to the management of semantic information used for discovery that is provided by semantic web technology. The discussion group investigated the types of inferences and relationship management that would improve digital library and grid services. Notable examples include management of relationships discovered by data mining services, management of properties associated with grid name spaces...

Moore, Reagan W.

2005-01-01

127

Adapting Digital Libraries to Continual Evolution  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we describe five investment streams (data storage infrastructure, knowledge management, data production control, data transport and security, and personnel skill mix) that need to be balanced against short-term operating demands in order to maximize the probability of long-term viability of a digital library. Because of the rapid pace of information technology change, a digital library cannot be a static institution. Rather, it has to become a flexible organization adapted to continuous evolution of its infrastructure.

Barkstrom, Bruce R.; Finch, Melinda; Ferebee, Michelle; Mackey, Calvin

2002-01-01

128

De–unifying a digital library  

OpenAIRE

The University of Tasmania decided to explore using a unified digital library for all its research output: journal articles, conference papers, higher degree theses, and other types. This decision is in advance of the state of the Australian national indexing systems. The digital library also uses OAI–PMH protocols for harvesting, which one of the national repositories does not as yet. The paper describes the context, reasons for the University’s decision, consequences and outcomes, and t...

Sale, Arthur

2005-01-01

129

Second CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Rabat, Morroco  

CERN Multimedia

2nd CERN-UNESCO training on digital libraries in Africa, held at CNRST / IMIST, Rabat. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories

Jérôme Caffaro

2010-01-01

130

Personalisation and recommender systems in digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

Widespread use of the Internet has resulted in digital libraries that are increasingly used by diverse communities of users for diverse purposes and in which sharing and collaboration have become important social elements. As such libraries become commonplace, as their contents and services become more varied, and as their patrons become more experienced with computer technology, users will expect more sophisticated services from these libraries. A simple search function, normally an integral...

Smeaton, Alan F.; Callan, Jamie

2005-01-01

131

Digital Collections, Digital Libraries and the Digitization of Cultural Heritage Information.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the development of digital collections and digital libraries. Topics include digitization of cultural heritage information; broadband issues; lack of compelling content; training issues; types of materials being digitized; sustainability; digital preservation; infrastructure; digital images; data mining; and future possibilities for…

Lynch, Clifford

2002-01-01

132

Digital preservation for libraries, archives, and museums  

CERN Document Server

Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, & Museums is designed for all types of information professionals who are interested in digital preservation. This is not a how-to book giving step-by-step processes for certain materials in a given kind of system. Instead, it addresses a broad group of resources that could be housed in any number of digital preservation systems. Finally, this book is about "Things (not technology; not how-to; not theory) I wish I had known before I got started." It is divided into four parts based on the Digital Preservation Triad: Situating Digital Preservation, I

Corrado, Edward M

2014-01-01

133

Automated Libraries: What we expect from Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Libraries have been the subject of more than a decade of attention by researchers anddevelopers, and yet in all this time the implementations have not matched the promises. By far the majority ofsystems have concentrated on content and provided limited or basic functions for users. In this article weoffer a new look at what can be expected from a digital library system based on contemporary developmentsin Information and Communications Systems and Technology. First, we sketch out the basic functions whichare provided to support finding and accessing material by a reader. Next we explain some extended functionswhich support the use and re-use of documents - links and annotations – and the need to support learners inaddition to readers and writers. Finally, we present our visions for a modern digital library and e-Learningportal system which includes for example intelligent and conceptual search support including resultsvisualization, white lists, and adaptive user interfaces.

Gulbasar?

2013-08-01

134

Application of Cloud Technology in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly attractive choices which is challenged by both growth inthe size of the indexed document collection, new features and most prominently usage. With thepurpose of applying Cloud Computing to university library, the paper describes the currentstatus of user service models in university libraries. Then it proposed to improve current userservice model with Cloud Computing. This paper explores some of the security issuessurrounding data location, mobility and availability.

D Kishore Kumar

2012-05-01

135

A model of multilingual digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho aborda o problema de bibliotecas digitais multilíngües. A motiviação para tal biblioteca digital decorre da diversidade de línguas dos usuários da Internet, bem como da diversidade dos autores do conteúdo, de autores de livros eletrônicos para elaboradores de cursos. São discutidas as [...] definições básicas de tal sistema, as especificações de sua funcionalidade e a identificação dos itens que ele comporta. Apresenta-se o impacto do multilingüismo em cada um dos aspectos anteriores. Um estudo de caso de uma biblioteca digital multilíngüe -- no Sistema Maxwell, na PUC-Rio -- é descrito nas últimas seções. Suas principais características são descritas e é mostrado o status atual de sua biblioteca digital. Abstract in english This paper addresses the problem of multilingual digital libraries. The motivation for a such a digital library comes from the diversity of languages of the Internet users as well as the diversity of content authors, from e-book authors to writers of courseware. The basic definitions of such a syste [...] m, the specifications of its functionality and the identification of the items it holds are discussed. The impact of multilinguism in each of the former aspects is presented. A case study of a multilingual digital library - in the Maxwell System in PUC-Rio - is described in the last sections. Its main characteristics are described and the current status of its digital library is shown.

Ana M. B., Pavani.

2001-12-01

136

Metadata In, Library Out. A Simple, Robust Digital Library System  

OpenAIRE

Tired of being held hostage to expensive systems that did not meet our needs, the University of Alabama Libraries developed an XML schema-agnostic, light-weight digital library delivery system based on the principles of "Keep It Simple, Stupid!" Metadata and derivatives reside in openly accessible web directories, which support the development of web agents and new usability software, as well as modification and complete retrieval at any time. The file name structure is echoed in the file sys...

Tonio Loewald; Jody DeRidder

2010-01-01

137

Perceptions of Library Staff Regarding Challenges of Developing Digital Libraries: The Case of an Iranian University  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The present research aims to identify the difficulties and obstacles for developing digital libraries in the seven regional branches of Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran, and to study the status of librarians' skills and education programmes at these institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The 40 individuals working in the regional…

Mohsenzadeh, Faranak; Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Alireza

2011-01-01

138

Digital Libraries and Digitisation: An Overview and Critique  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides an overview of some of the main areas surrounding the broad topic of "Digital Libraries". This includes the advantages and costs of digitisation; the traditional and digital library; the library community and digitisation; and an examination of various digital library projects. It is not exhaustive, but hopefully, it provides…

Rikowski, Ruth

2008-01-01

139

??????????????????????????????????????????????? | A Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries' History / Mei-Ling Wang; Ming-Yueh Tsay; Chih-Ming Chen; Yun-Er Ke; Chia-Ying Tsai; Yong-Ting Chen; Yi-Jen Lin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

???????????????????1990 ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????(1????????????? ????????????(2?????????????????????(3????????????Metadata????????(4?? ?????????????????(5?????????????(6??????????????????(7??????????????? ??????????? Metadata?????746????????Dspace?????????????????????????????????????

Libraries are important social institutions that preserve and communicate human culture and knowledge. From the beginning of 1990s, the digital library has grown up rapidly based on the progress of the Internet. Libraries and educational institutions should be actively involved in digital library research and development. The Taiwan libraries’ history can be divided into four stages: Japanese occupation period, reconstruction period, growth period and strong period. In these processes, many events and libraries with rich materials that can be developed into a digital library. Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies, National Chengchi University, planned the Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries’ History and got the university support. The pilot study objectives include: (1 exploring the digital library model on Taiwan libraries' history? (2 constructing digital library to support education and research in information and library science? (3 developing Metadata standards of library documents and heritage? (4 digitalizing documents and heritage to build digital collections (5 developing digital library systems and technology? (6 researching browsing and search functions of the digital library? (7 exploring the model of the digital library supports e-learning. In this pilot study, we developed six Metadata standards, built 746 digital resources, constructed a digital library system and web site, and proposed the conclusions and suggestions finally.

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???????????????????????????

2008-04-01

140

Geographic location as an access model to library collections – a pilot project of European Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the frames of the European eContentplus project European Digital Library (EDL a pilot GIS application was integrated in The European Library (TEL portal. The application was realized in the cooperation between the National and University Library of Slovenia and the Geodetic Institute of Slovenia. The pilot GIS application represents the beginning of the development of digital geolibrary where a map is the starting point leading to different geodifferentiated resources. At the same time, it also represents an upgrade of the static presentation of different kinds of digitised materials in the library, as well as an attempt of interdisciplinary presentation with additional educational value. The goal, content, methodology and the results of the pilot GIS application are presented in the article.

Dalibor Radovan

2007-01-01

141

Library outreach: addressing Utah's “Digital Divide”  

OpenAIRE

A “Digital Divide” in information and technological literacy exists in Utah between small hospitals and clinics in rural areas and the larger health care institutions in the major urban area of the state. The goals of the outreach program of the Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library at the University of Utah address solutions to this disparity in partnership with the National Network of Libraries of Medicine—Midcontinental Region, the Utah Department of Health, and the Utah Area Hea...

Mccloskey, Kathleen M.

2000-01-01

142

USGS Digital Spectral Library splib05a  

Science.gov (United States)

We have assembled a digital reflectance spectral library of spectra that covers wavelengths from the ultraviolet to near-infrared along with sample documentation. The library includes samples of minerals, rocks, soils, physically constructed as well as mathematically computed mixtures, vegetation, microorganisms, and man-made materials. The samples and spectra collected were assembled for the purpose of using spectral features for the remote detection of these and similar materials.

Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Wise, Richard K.; Livo, Eric; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Sutley, Steve J.

2003-01-01

143

Recent developments in digital mathematics libraries.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Sofia : Institute of Mathematics ad Informatics - BAS, 2014 - (Pavlov, R.; Stanchev, P.), s. 59-66 ISSN 1314-4006. - (Vol. 4). [Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage 2014. Veliko Tarnovo (BG), 18.09.2014-21.09.2014] Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : digital mathematics library * EuDML * DML-CZ Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://sci-gems.math.bas.bg/jspui/handle/10525/2422

Rákosník, Ji?í; Stanchev, P.; Pavlov, R.

144

World Digital Library: A Case Study  

OpenAIRE

Purpose: The study reports the aim and features of the World Digital Library (WDL), one of the pioneer projects reflecting the beauty of digital preservation. The study analyzes the contribution of resources continent wise, type, lingual pattern, time period, subjects covered and institutions to WDL.Methodology/Approach: The study is based on the content analysis of WDL. Findings: The study clearly reflects a growing trend of cultural and heritage resources in WDL.Future Implications: The stu...

Somaira Nabi

2012-01-01

145

Implementing BRICKS, a digital library management system  

OpenAIRE

Digital Libraries (DLs) play a central role in the way information is produced, accessed and used in the Internet era. While the Web provides a universal access to uncontrolled information resources, DLs allow large, distributed repositories of multimedia content, annotated with possibly rich semantic structures and regulated by digital rights, to be created and managed to satisfy the needs of vast user communities. This paper describes the main features of BRICKS, an open-source DL managemen...

Aloia, Nicola; Concordia, Cesare; Meghini, Carlo

2007-01-01

146

Digital Scores: Loeb Music Library  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1956, the Loeb Music Library at Harvard University was established as the formal music library of the Harvard University Music Department. While the Library has embarked on a number of ambitious public outreach programs, this particular one will be a delight for musicologists as well as for those who just enjoy perusing unique musical scores. The layout of the site is pretty straightforward: as users scroll down the homepage, they can look over manuscripts from C.P.E. Bach, Mozart, and the vocal scores of such operatic triumphs as Verdi's Simon Boccanegra and La forza del destino. Using their page delivery service, visitors can zoom in and out among the pages of each musical manuscript to their heart's desire. Of course, the site also includes the Harvard Song Book of 1922,which features such chestnuts as "Fair Harvard" and "Ten Thousand Men of Harvard".

147

Libraries and Distance Education - a German View  

OpenAIRE

On our way to an information-based society, the volume of data, of information and of knowledge will become ever greater. At the same time a technology is developing which, on the one hand, facilitates data processing but, on the other hand, requires competent handling and efficient management of information and knowledge. The existence of digital, multimedia information resources also support distance education and decentralized learning in our society. The library as a physical location for...

Ball, Rafael

2003-01-01

148

Library management for the digital age a new paradigm  

CERN Document Server

This revolutionary introduction to library management is the first conceived in and written for a digital age. Library Management for the Digital Age covers hierarchies, policies, communication, working relationships, facilities, human resources, settings, customer services, budgeting, and emergency management.

Todaro, Julie

2014-01-01

149

Europeana: towards the European Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

This paper briefly describes the process that will lead to Europeana, the European Digital Library. This process is currently running, so that it is possible to give only an account of its inception, involved actors and projects, and current status. The paper concludes by quickly outlining the role that CNR has in the making of Europeana.

Aloia, Nicola; Concordia, Cesare; Meghini, Carlo

2009-01-01

150

Supporting Collocation Learning with a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Extensive knowledge of collocations is a key factor that distinguishes learners from fluent native speakers. Such knowledge is difficult to acquire simply because there is so much of it. This paper describes a system that exploits the facilities offered by digital libraries to provide a rich collocation-learning environment. The design is based on…

Wu, Shaoqun; Franken, Margaret; Witten, Ian H.

2010-01-01

151

California Digital Library in Twitter-Land  

Science.gov (United States)

In October 2009, California Digital Library (CDL), where the author serves as manager of strategic and project planning, jumped into the world of social networking by joining Twitter. From Twitter, the CDL staff publish the content of their monthly newsletter, "CDLINFO News," and also additional content created by CDL programs and individuals. In…

Starr, Joan

2010-01-01

152

Collections Digitization Framework: A Service-oriented Approach to Digitization in Academic Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With advances in information technologies, academic libraries are now in a position to offer collections digitization services beyond campus communities. By mobilizing digitization to off-campus communities, academic libraries can reposition themselves as responsive and relevant in the face of a changing digital services landscape. This will also help academic libraries create unique opportunities to access and share hidden knowledge embedded within local and remote communities with rich intellectual traditions. This article proposes a service-oriented framework for academic libraries to reimagine and mobilize collections digitization as part of broader library services. The proposed Collections Digitization Framework is based on the Service Framework for Digital Libraries developed by the Digital Library Federation, whereby digitization activities have been formalized into discrete processes and functions. The issues and challenges that academic libraries may face in mobilizing digitization services are also discussed in the context of a collaborative community digitization initiative undertaken by two Canadian academic libraries.

Karim Tharani

2012-12-01

153

Report on the Fourth Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

The 4th Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries was held in Berlin, Germany on September 29, 2011, in conjunction with the International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries (TPDL 2011) - formerly known as the European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL). The workshop series started in 2008 with the aim of promoting discussions on the specific research area going under the umbrella of "very large digital libraries" - with a long term ...

Candela, Leonardo; Manghi, Paolo; Ioannidis, Yannis

2011-01-01

154

Co-Authorship Networks in the Digital Library Research Community  

OpenAIRE

The field of digital libraries (DLs) coalesced in 1994: the first digital library conferences were held that year, awareness of the World Wide Web was accelerating, and the National Science Foundation awarded $24 Million (U.S.) for the Digital Library Initiative (DLI). In this paper we examine the state of the DL domain after a decade of activity by applying social network analysis to the co-authorship network of the past ACM, IEEE, and joint ACM/IEEE digital library confere...

Liu, Xiaoming; Bollen, Johan; Nelson, Michael L.; Sompel, Herbert

2005-01-01

155

Digital Library Initiatives in PRL  

OpenAIRE

Information Technology (IT) is most commonly used to mean computer technology and communication technology. The technologies of optical/video systems like CD-ROMs are also included in the computers group by the books and periodicals on computer technology. For a librarian IT has a wider connotation, which includes the technologies and systems like microfilms, microfiches, CD-ROM, computers, information networks, etc. It includes all those technologies which the libraries and information ce...

Anilkumar, Nishtha

2003-01-01

156

DLESE Teaching Box Pilot Project: Developing a Replicable Model for Collaboratively Creating Innovative Instructional Sequences Using Exemplary Resources in the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE)  

Science.gov (United States)

Before the advent of digital libraries, it was difficult for teachers to find suitable high-quality resources to use in their teaching. Digital libraries such as DLESE have eased the task by making high quality resources more easily accessible and providing search mechanisms that allow teachers to 'fine tune' the criteria over which they search. Searches tend to return lists of resources with some contextualizing information. However, teachers who are teaching 'out of discipline' or who have minimal training in science often need additional support to know how to use and sequence them. The Teaching Box Pilot Project was developed to address these concerns, bringing together educators, scientists, and instructional designers in a partnership to build an online framework to fully support innovative units of instruction about the Earth system. Each box integrates DLESE resources and activities, teaching tips, standards, concepts, teaching outcomes, reviews, and assessment information. Online templates and best practice guidelines are being developed that will enable teachers to create their own boxes or customize existing ones. Two boxes have been developed so far, one on weather for high school students, and one on the evidence for plate tectonics for middle schoolers. The project has met with significant enthusiasm and interest, and we hope to expand it by involving individual teachers, school systems, pre-service programs, and universities in the development and use of teaching boxes. A key ingredient in the project's success has been the close collaboration between the partners, each of whom has brought unique experiences, perspectives, knowledge, and skills to the project. This first effort involved teachers in the San Francisco Bay area, the University of California Museum of Paleontology, San Francisco State University, U.S. Geological Survey, and DLESE. This poster will allow participants to explore one of the teaching boxes. We will discuss how the boxes were developed, the conditions that engendered successful collaboration and high-quality results, lessons learned, and potential adaptations for networks of user communities, for example, in ocean education or seismology.

Weingroff, M.

2004-12-01

157

Digital libraries--a quality concept.  

Science.gov (United States)

The idea of digital libraries is not new, but recent developments have made the realisation of this idea more of a practical possibility than ever before. In particular, the availability of tools for easy access to information and for easy production of new information has encouraged traditional publishers to make their information available in digital networked form. but also made it possible for many individual authors to directly publish their own information on the Internet, bypassing traditional publishers and established bibliographic systems. Managing these new information resources is the task of Internet digital libraries such as OMNI. A key issue is the need to signpost the quality of information sources. A variety of ways of doing this are possible. PMID:9506394

Norman, F

1997-11-01

158

Developing Digital Library: A Model for Kwara State Polytechnic Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Advancement in development of Information and Communication Technology as engendered by invention of Internet has fundamentally altered the ways libraries accomplish their traditional missions of selecting, organizing, preserving, and providing access to information. This paper mainly focuses on planning, designing and management of Digital library. It covers mission and scope, time frame, evaluation, assessment and infrastructures required. The paper also discusses the needs for Digital libr...

Raji, Ayodele Kamaldeen; Agboola, Oladiran Matins; Abiodun, Emmanuel Taye; Abdulrahman, Tosho Abdullahi

2013-01-01

159

Anatomy Atlases: A Digital Library of Anatomy Information  

Science.gov (United States)

This collection of atlases and textbooks is intended to educate patients, healthcare providers, and students in anatomy. Topics include human anatomy, human anatomy in cross-section, microscopic anatomy, anatomy of first aid, human anatomic variation, and osteology. The collection includes both historic and modern atlases, is searchable by keyword or term, and includes a frequently-asked-questions feature. Other materials include user reviews and links to related digital libraries.

160

The Inquiry Page: Bringing Digital Libraries to Learners.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital library development, particularly a national science digital library, and describes the Inquiry Page which focuses on building a constructivist environment using Web resources, collaborative processes, and knowledge that bridges digital libraries with users in K-12 schools, museums, community groups, or other organizations. (LRW)

Bruce, Bertram C.; Bishop, Ann Peterson; Heidorn, P. Bryan; Lunsford, Karen J.; Poulakos, Steven; Won, Mihye

2003-01-01

161

Building the Digital Branch A Library Technology Report  

CERN Document Server

This issue of Library Technology Reports explores the idea of the digital branch-a library website that is a vital, functional resource for patrons and enhances the library's place within its community.

King, David Lee

2009-01-01

162

The Digital Dissertations and Theses in the Russian State Library  

OpenAIRE

The report describes the digital library of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) supported by the Russian Fundation for Basic Research and developed by the RSL. The digital library of ETDs contains: (1) the OPAC functioning now in the RSL, (2) tables of contents, (3) full text data base of theses and dissertations, (4) bibliographic citations, (5) authority data representing names of authors (personal names). This digital library should be one of digital collections in the RSL Digital ...

Lavrenova, Olga

2003-01-01

163

The Profiles in Science Digital Library: Behind the Scenes  

OpenAIRE

This demonstration shows the Profiles in Science® digital library. Profiles in Science contains digitized selections from the personal manuscript collections of prominent biomedical researchers, medical practitioners, and those fostering science and health. The Profiles in Science Web site1 is the delivery mechanism for content derived from the digital library system. The system is designed according to our basic principles for digital library development [1]. The digital l...

Gallagher, Marie E.; Moffatt, Christie

2012-01-01

164

A Coleção Linhares em meio digital / Linhares Collection digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O Projeto "Criação da Biblioteca Digital Linhares", elaborado por pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, teve como objetivo conceber e implementar metodologia para preservar e dar acesso à Coleção Linhares, constituída por jornais, revistas e panfletos publicados em Belo Horiz [...] onte e colecionados por Joaquim Nabuco Linhares desde 1895, até a sua morte em 1945. Foi adquirida a preço simbólico pela UFMG, em 1976, e depositada na Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. A coleção, considerada de grande importância para a história da imprensa de Belo Horizonte, se encontrava em acelerado processo de deterioração. A biblioteca digital foi construída com base na proposta metodológica do processo híbrido, que preconiza a utilização da microfilmagem para preservar o acervo e a digitalização, via microfilme, para proporcionar o acesso. O projeto foi desenvolvido de forma colaborativa, envolvendo pesquisadores e servidores da Escola de Ciência da Informação, do Departamento de História e da Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. Disponível em: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br Abstract in english Linhares Digital Library Project, carried out by researchers and technical staff of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG, aimed the development and implementation of a digital library methodology to provide access and preservation for newspapers, magazines and pamphlets published in Belo Horizo [...] nte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collected by Joaquim Linhares, since his early youth in 1895, to his death in 1945. The collection was acquired by UFMG from Linhares' inheritors, at a nominal sum and deposited at the University Library. The importance of the collection for the history of Belo Horizonte's press has been highly emphasized by many scholars in the last decades, but the materials had been seriously affected by paper acidity and human damages. The digital library took the hybrid process format: microfilming of the materials to guarantee the preservation aspect and also, the digitalization from the microfilms to provide access. Available at: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br

Vilma Moreira dos, Santos; Silvana Aparecida Silva dos, Santos; Luiz Henrique dos, Santos.

2011-12-01

165

Managing an Open Access, Multi-Institutional, International Digital Library: The Digital Library of the Caribbean  

Science.gov (United States)

Developing an Open Access, multi-institutional, multilingual, international digital library requires robust technological and institutional infrastructures that support both the needs of individual institutions alongside the needs of the growing partnership and ensure continuous communication and development of the shared vision for the digital

Wooldridge, Brooke; Taylor, Laurie; Sullivan, Mark

2009-01-01

166

The Next Stage: Moving from Isolated Digital Collections to Interoperable Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents a conceptual framework for digital library development and discusses how to move from isolated digital collections to interoperable digital libraries. Topics include a history of digital libraries; user-centered architecture; stages of technological development; standards, including metadata; and best practices. (Author/LRW)

Besser, Howard

2002-01-01

167

Developing Digital Library: A Model for Kwara State Polytechnic Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Advancement in development of Information and Communication Technology as engendered by invention of Internet has fundamentally altered the ways libraries accomplish their traditional missions of selecting, organizing, preserving, and providing access to information. This paper mainly focuses on planning, designing and management of Digital library. It covers mission and scope, time frame, evaluation, assessment and infrastructures required. The paper also discusses the needs for Digital library, basic facilities to keep the technology functioning and enhancement of user awareness. A Local Area Network (LAN setup is proposed for Kwara State Polytechnic. Estimated cost of hardware and software requirements is also provided.

Raji, Ayodele Kamaldeen

2013-02-01

168

Management of the Life Cycle of Digital Library Materials  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper does not deal in any detail with digital preservation, rather it examines the development of digital content and digital libraries in the broader content of digital developments and library developments. Implicit throughout this is the need to create or acquire digital content for long-term access, which means that preservation needs must be foregrounded at all stages of the digital lifecycle.

Marilyn Deegan

2001-07-01

169

Usage Analysis for the Identification of Research Trends in Digital Libraries; Keepers of the Crumbling Culture: What Digital Preservation Can Learn from Library History; Patterns of Journal Use by Scientists through Three Evolutionary Phases; Developing a Content Management System-Based Web Site; Exploring Charging Models for Digital Cultural Heritage in Europe; Visions: The Academic Library in 2012.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that discuss use analysis and research trends in digital libraries; library history and digital preservation; journal use by scientists; a content management system-based Web site for higher education in the United Kingdom; cost studies for transitioning to digitized collections in European cultural institutions; and the…

Bollen, Johan; Vemulapalli, Soma Sekara; Xu, Weining; Luce, Rick; Marcum, Deanna; Friedlander, Amy; Tenopir, Carol; Grayson, Matt; Zhang, Yan; Ebuen, Mercy; King, Donald W.; Boyce, Peter; Rogers, Clare; Kirriemuir, John; Tanner, Simon; Deegan, Marilyn; Marcum, James W.

2003-01-01

170

Distributed digital music archives and libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The main goal of this research program is to develop and evaluate practices, frameworks, and tools for the design and construction of worldwide distributed digital music archives and libraries. Over the last few millennia, humans have amassed an enormous amount of musical information that is scattered around the world. It is becoming abundantly clear that the optimal path for acquisition is to distribute the task of digitizing the wealth of historical and cultural heritage material that exists in analogue formats, which may include books and manuscripts related to music, music scores, photographs, videos, audio tapes, and phonograph records. In order to achieve this goal, libraries, museums, and archives throughout the world, large or small, need well-researched policies, proper guidance, and efficient tools to digitize their collections and to make them available economically. The research conducted within the program addresses unique and imminent challenges posed by the digitization and dissemination of music media. The are four major research projects in progress: development and evaluation of digitization methods for preservation of analogue recordings; optical music recognition using microfilms; design of workflow management system with automatic metadata extraction; and formulation of interlibrary communication strategies.

Fujinaga, Ichiro

2005-09-01

171

Oregon Explorer: Natural Resources Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

If you have an interest in natural resource policy and management, you'll want to spend some quality time on the Oregon Explorer's Natural Resource Digital Library website. The purpose of the Explorer is "to use the power of today's cutting edge information technology to create a state-of-the-art-web accessible natural resources digital library." Their project team has accomplished this by creating a variety of "explorer" tools that allow concerned parties to learn about land use patterns in the state, along with providing interactive and customizable maps of natural hazards, wetlands, and wildlife. Along with these features, the site also includes sections such as "Maps", "Charts and Tables", "Data Collections", and "Photos and Videos". Visitors can get a handle of the resources here by taking a tour through the "Featured Tools" near the bottom of the homepage and the "What's New" area. The site is rounded out with a glossary and a place for users to submit queries.

172

National Wetlands Research Center: Library Digital Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Wetlands Research Center (NWRC) "is a source and clearinghouse of science information about wetlands in the United States and the world for fellow agencies, private entities, academia, and the public at large." The NWRC Library Digital Collection contains an abundance of technical reports in pdf format spanning the last couple decades from such institutions as the US Fish and Wildlife Service; the USGS Biological Resources Division; and the National Biological Service. The site also contains an archived Species Profiles collection from the US Fish and Wildlife Service with 126 downloadable profiles "designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief, comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of the species may be expected to react to environmental changes caused by coastal development." The Library Digital Collection archives contain a Habitat Suitability Index Models Series and a Waterfowl Management Handbook from the US Fish and Wildlife Service as well.

173

Digital libraries philosophies, technical design considerations, and example scenarios  

CERN Document Server

An unparalleled overview of current design considerations for your digital library! Digital Libraries: Philosophies, Technical Design Considerations, and Example Scenarios is a balanced overview of public services, collection development, administration, and systems support, for digital libraries, with advice on adopting the latest technologies that appear on the scene. As a professional in the library and information science field, you will benefit from this special issue that serves as an overview of selected directions, trends, possibilities, limitations, enhancements, design principals, an

Stern, David

1999-01-01

174

Scholarly Communication and the Digital Library: Problems and Issues  

OpenAIRE

This paper considers a range of definitions for a digital library from the perspective of scholarly communication and the properties of a traditional research library. It then explores some of the problems and issues involved in creating and maintaining a digital library, depending on the characteristics one wants it to have. The paper stresses the need to consider the requirements of scholarship and research as we build the digital libraries of the future.

Harter, Stephen P. School Of Library And Information Science

2006-01-01

175

Multilingual adaptive search for digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes a framework for Adaptive Multilingual Information Retrieval (AMIR) which allows multilingual resource discovery and delivery using on-the-?y machine translation of documents and queries. Result documents are presented to the user in a contextualised manner. Challenges and affordances of both Adaptive and Multilingual IR, with a particular focus on Digital Libraries, are detailed. The framework components are motivated by a series of results from experiments on query ...

Ghorab, M. Rami; Leveling, Johannes; Lawless, Seamus; O’connor, Alexander; Zhou, Dong; Jones, Gareth J. F.; Wade, Vincent

2011-01-01

176

Multilingual Adaptive Search for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

We describe a framework for Adaptive Multilingual Information Retrieval (AMIR) which allows multilingual resource discovery and delivery using on-the-fly machine translation of documents and queries. Result documents are presented to the user in a contextualised manner. Challenges and affordances of both adaptive and multilingual IR, with a particular focus on digital libraries, are detailed. The framework components are motivated by a series of results from experiments on query logs and docu...

Wade, Vincent Patrick; O Connor, Alexander; Zhou, Dong; Lawless, Seamus; Ghorab, Mohammed Rami Elhussein

2011-01-01

177

Interest-based Recommendation in Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

With the huge amount and large variety of information available in a digital library, it?s becoming harder and harder for users to identify and get hold of their interested documents. To alleviate the difficulty, personalized recommendation techniques have been developed. Current recommendation techniques rely on similarity between documents. In our work, recommendations are made based on three factors: similarity between documents, information amount, and information nov...

Yan Yang; Li, Jian Z.

2005-01-01

178

MathDL: Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

With an increased focus on the importance of teaching mathematics throughout the education system in the United States, the discovery of this fine online collection of resources is most welcome. Developed by the Mathematical Association of America (with substantial support from the National Science Foundation), the site contains hundreds of classroom materials that have been extensively tested and reviewed by peers in the field. On the site’s homepage visitors can look through some of their “Featured Items”, which range from interactive linear algebra exercises to open source components that can be added to course websites. Visitors who know what they are looking for should use the search engine to move through the materials by subject or category. Additionally, users can also submit their own mathematical teaching tools to the site’s editor for consideration.

179

LIBRARIES AND THE LIBRARIANS IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT  

OpenAIRE

The transformation of the traditional libraries into e-resources base digital libraries represented new opportunities and the new ways to the library professionals to provide the satisfactory users need. The role of the libraries and the librarians has changed in the e-environment and the library professionals became multitalented personality. This paper also describes the multipurpose role of the librarians in the digital age.

MD AJIMUDDIN SK

2013-01-01

180

New Dimensions of Discovery About Earth and Space Science Using the Digital Library for Earth System Education(DLESE)  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission of DLESE is to support excellence in Earth and space science education for all learners in all educational settings. DLESE is envisioned as an information network that will provide a) rapid, sophisticated access to collections of peer-reviewed teaching and learning resources, b) interfaces and tools to allow student exploration of Earth data sets, c) services to help users effectively create and use materials, and d) a community center to facilitate sharing and collaboration. The current DLESE discovery system enables searching and browsing for educational resources according to sub-disciplines in the Earth and space sciences, target audience (K-16, informal education), and resource type (e.g. lab exercises, simulations, curricula...). Future search capabilities will include compliance of resources with national science standards (e.g. National Science Education Standards, NRC, 1996; Project 2061, AAAS, 1989; state standards) and geospatial referencing. A special focus is being placed on discovery that describes multiple attributes of the Earth system: fundamental scientific principles, Earth system processes, Earth system components (physiographic, climatologic, biomes), principles of time and Earth history, "hot topics" in the news and emerging research, and ways of knowing about the Earth (observation, analysis, measurement, modeling, theory). Earth datasets will become increasingly accessible, supported by interfaces, tools, and instructional resources that promote their effective use in the classroom. Instructional resources can also be linked to examples of best practices in the use of these resources, and to community postings of opportunities (e.g. workshops, student internships), calendars, and other aggregated resources. Through the DLESE discovery system, any interested learner will be able to navigate deeply into a subject, or laterally to related topics, according to personal needs and interests.

Mogk, D. W.; Manduca, C. A.

2001-12-01

181

RETHINKING AND REINVENTING LIBRARIES BY DIGITIZATION: IS IT WORTH?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Technology has revolutionized the concept of libraries. Each and every library is slowly getting digitized. A 'digital library' comprises digital collections, services and infrastructure to support lifelong learning, research, scholarly communication as well as preservation and conservation of our recorded knowledge. In today’s challenge, we must not only update our collection but we must also provide better access to information through the new information highway. This may be done by way of digitization. Digitization in libraries is today’s response towards a faster delivery of information to its users via internet or intranet.It is also a process of democratization of information. This article will discuss the factors that will necessitate the traditional libraries to get digitized, as well as the definition, advantages and disadvantages of digital libraries.

Surya Singh

2015-03-01

182

BIBLIOTECA DIGITAL: CONTENIDOS Y APRENDIZAJE / Digital library: contents and learning  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se hace referencia a la importancia de los contenidos en la biblioteca digital y propone algunos lineamientos como punto trascendente para la satisfacción de necesidades de los usuarios de servicios digitales de información. Así mismo, se brindan algunos parámetros para el desarrollo de contenidos d [...] idácticos y materiales de aprendizaje, y se proponen algunos elementos necesarios de considerar por los encargados del diseño de contenidos y recursos de bibliotecas digitales, con fines didácticos. Por tanto, ubica a las bibliotecas digitales en un entorno de aprendizaje y pondera el aprendizaje significativo sobre otros, con énfasis en el acervo, para que los usuarios obtengan un nuevo conocimiento. No se pretende manejar de forma exhaustiva o definir conceptos, sino establecer la relación entre ellos. Abstract in english This work treats the importance of the contents of the digital library and proposes some guidelines as a starting point toward user satisfaction in digital information services. At the same time, this article, with didactic goals in minds, offers some parameters for the development of didactic conte [...] nts and learning materials. It follows that digital libraries belong in the learning environment, with emphasis on learning and content, so that users learn something new. No pretence is made to deal with this issue in an exhaustive manner or to define concepts, but to establish a relationship between the two.

Brenda, Cabral Vargas.

2006-07-01

183

The International Children's Digital Library Enhances the Multicultural Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author talks about the International Children's Digital Library (ICDL), an online digital library which gives students an opportunity to read and learn about other cultures and countries in a different way. The library's web site (http://www.icdlbooks.org) was designed by children, with the guidance and expertise of adults.…

Lemmons, Karen

2009-01-01

184

Lost Identity: The Assimilation of Digital Libraries into the Web  

Science.gov (United States)

The idea of Digital Libraries emerged in the early 1990s from a vision of a "library of the future", without walls and open 24 hours a day. These digital libraries would leverage the substantial investments of federal funding in the Internet and advanced computing for the benefit of the entire population. The world's knowledge would be a key press…

Lagoze, Carl Jay

2010-01-01

185

Personalizing digital libraries at design time: the Miguel de Cervantes Digital Library case study  

OpenAIRE

In this article we describe our experience in the development of a personalizable dissemination model for the Miguel de Cervantes Digital Library’s Web-based newsletter-service, which combines adaptive with adaptable personalization techniques, being capable or ranking news according to navigation-inferred preferences and then filter them according to a user-given profile. We explain how Web engineering design techniques have been applied to make that service evolve into a more adaptive per...

Bia Platas, Alejandro; Garrigo?s Ferna?ndez, Irene; Go?mez Ortega, Jaime

2004-01-01

186

Digital Libraries and Repositories in India: An Evaluative Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify and evaluate the collections within digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. Design/methodology/approach: The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting digital

Mittal, Rekha; Mahesh, G.

2008-01-01

187

Developing Sustainable Digital Libraries: Socio-Technical Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

The increasing prevalence of digital information systems and technologies compels libraries across the globe to update systems and provide users with a digital experience outside the confines of the structural library, providing useful benefits to the user while creating new areas of concern such as digital information preservation. "Developing…

Ashraf, Tariq, Ed.; Sharma, Jaideep, Ed.; Gulati, Puja Anand, Ed.

2010-01-01

188

The Profiles in Science Digital Library: Behind the Scenes.  

Science.gov (United States)

This demonstration shows the Profiles in Science® digital library. Profiles in Science contains digitized selections from the personal manuscript collections of prominent biomedical researchers, medical practitioners, and those fostering science and health. The Profiles in Science Web site is the delivery mechanism for content derived from the digital library system. The system is designed according to our basic principles for digital library development [1]. The digital library includes the rules and software used for digitizing items, creating and editing database records and performing quality control as well as serving the digital content to the public. Among the types of data managed by the digital library are detailed item-level, collection-level and cross-collection metadata, digitized photographs, papers, audio clips, movies, born-digital electronic files, optical character recognized (OCR) text, and annotations (see Figure 1). The digital library also tracks the status of each item, including digitization quality, sensitivity of content, and copyright. Only items satisfying all required criteria are released to the public through the World Wide Web. External factors have influenced all aspects of the digital library's infrastructure. PMID:23543833

Gallagher, Marie E; Moffatt, Christie

2012-01-01

189

Working in a digital world: new leadership practices for the development of a digital library workforce  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Os progressos da biblioteca digital são parte de um movimento global em muitos setores da sociedade rumo ao trabalho virtual e serviços eletrônicos disponibilizados pelos avanços da tecnologia da informação. Este ambiente requer novas atitudes e habilidades na força de trabalho e, por isso, líderes [...] que compreendam as mudanças por que passa a economia da informação e como tratar e desenvolver tal força de trabalho. Este artigo explora métodos para desenvolver os recursos humanos e estimular a criatividade para capitalizar o imenso potencial das bibliotecas digitais no sentido de educar e fortalecer a mudança social. Há uma falta de trabalhadores tecnicamente habilitados e, acima de tudo, de inovadores. Retenção e recrutamento são um dos maiores obstáculos ao avanço dos serviços da biblioteca digital e aos produtos de informação. Abstract in english Digital library developments are part of a global move in many sectors of society toward virtual work and electronic services made possible by the advances in information technology. This environment requires new attitudes and skills in the workforce and therefore leaders who understand the global c [...] hanges underlying the new information economy and how to lead and develop such a workforce. This article explores ways to develop human resources and stimulate creativity to capitalize on the immense potential of digital libraries to educate and empower social change. There is a shortage of technically skilled workers and even more so of innovators. Retention and recruitment is one of the greatest obstacles to developing digital library services and information products.

Johann van, Reenen.

2001-12-01

190

Digital Library of Expert System Based at Indonesia Technology University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital library is a very interesting phenomenon in the world of libraries. In this era of globalization, the digital library is needed by students, faculty, and the community in the search for quick reference through internet access, so that students, faculty, and the community does not have to come directly to the library. Accessing collections of digital libraries can also be done anytime and anywhere. Digital Library development also occurred at Indonesia Technology University. That University offers a digital library based of expert system. The concept of digital library is utilizing science expert system in the process of cataloging and searching digital collections. By using this digital library based of expert system, users can search the collection, reading collection, and download the desired collection by online system. The digital library based of expert system at Indonesia Technology University is built using the PHP programming language, MySQL database as a data base management system, and developed the method of forward chaining and backward chaining as inference engine.

Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana

2015-03-01

191

Visible threads: a smart VR interface to digital libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of information as a resource for economic growth and education is steadily increasing. Due to technological advances in computer industry and the explosive growth of the INternet much valuable information will be available in digital libraries. This paper introduces a system that aims to support a user's browsing activities in document sets retrieved from a digital library. Latent Semantic Analysis is applied to extract salient semantic structures and citation patterns of documents stored in a digital library in a comptutationally expensive batch job. At retrieval time, cluster techniques are used to organize retrieved documents into clusters according to the previously extracted semantic similarities. A modified Boltzman algorithm is employed to spatially organize the resulting clusters and their documents in the form of a 3D information landscape or 'i-scape'. THe i-scape is then displayed for interactive exploration via a multi- modal, virtual reality CAVE interface. Users' browsing activities are recorded and user models are extracted to give newcomers online help based on previous navigation activity as well as to enable experienced users to recognize and exploit past user traces. In this way, the system provides interactive services to assist users in the spatial navigation, interpretation, and detailed exploration of potentially large document sets matching a query.

Borner, Katy

2000-02-01

192

Digital reference service: trends in academic health science libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two years after the initial 2002 study, a greater number of academic health science libraries are offering digital reference chat services, and this number appears poised to grow in the coming years. This 2004 follow-up study found that 36 (27%) of the academic health science libraries examined provide digital chat reference services; this was an approximately 6% increase over the 25 libraries (21%) located in 2002. Trends in digital reference services in academic health science libraries were derived from the exploration of academic health science library Web sites and from digital correspondence with academic health science library personnel using e-mail and chat. This article presents an overview of the current state of digital reference service in academic health science libraries. PMID:15760830

Dee, Cheryl R

2005-01-01

193

Smart Objects, Dumb Archives: A User-Centric, Layered Digital Library Framework  

Science.gov (United States)

Currently, there exist a large number of superb digital libraries, all of which are, unfortunately, vertically integrated and all presenting a monolithic interface to their users. Ideally, a user would want to locate resources from a variety of digital libraries dealing only with one interface. A number of approaches exist to this interoperability issue exist including: defining a universal protocol for all libraries to adhere to; or developing mechanisms to translate between protocols. The approach we illustrate in this paper is to push down the level of universal protocols to one for digital object communication and for communication for simple archives. This approach creates the opportunity for digital library service providers to create digital libraries tailored to the needs of user communities drawing from available archives and individual publishers who adhere to this standard. We have created a reference implementation based on the hyper text transfer protocol (http) with the protocols being derived from the Dienst protocol. We have created a special class of digital objects called buckets and a number of archives based on a NASA collection and NSF funded projects. Starting from NCSTRL we have developed a set of digital library services called NCSTRL+ and have created digital libraries for researchers, educators and students that can each draw on all the archives and individually created buckets.

Maly, Kurt; Nelson, Michael L.; Zubair, Mohammad

1999-01-01

194

Status of information resource organization in Iranian digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research aimed to determine the status of information resource organization in Iranian digital libraries. The research method was analytical survey. Researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data in order to study the status of research population about information resources organization. In fact, 38 Iranian digital libraries were made research population of this research. Findings showed that studied digital library applications have many capabilities to organize information resources. Some of these capabilities are relation between bibliographic records and related records in documentation format, Using Z39.50 in client side, allows entering group of resources, and so on. Moreover, digital libraries have a lot of chaos in organizing information resources. For instance, digital libraries just fill title, author, subject, publisher, year of publication, author (added entity in more than 70 percent for Farsi book database. This status is not demonstrated for other databases in digital libraries.

Hamed Alipour-Hafezi

2014-03-01

195

XML : Will it Change The Future of Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A study about eXtensible Mark up Language (XML and its applications in digital libraries, it begins with definition XML and its history and generations, then it defines the applications of XML in libraries at: libraries' web sites designing, electronic publishing, bibliographic data management, and views some real experiments about using XML in libraries.

Heba A. Sattar Moselhy

2004-06-01

196

USGS Digital Spectral Library splib06a  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction We have assembled a digital reflectance spectral library that covers the wavelength range from the ultraviolet to far infrared along with sample documentation. The library includes samples of minerals, rocks, soils, physically constructed as well as mathematically computed mixtures, plants, vegetation communities, microorganisms, and man-made materials. The samples and spectra collected were assembled for the purpose of using spectral features for the remote detection of these and similar materials. Analysis of spectroscopic data from laboratory, aircraft, and spacecraft instrumentation requires a knowledge base. The spectral library discussed here forms a knowledge base for the spectroscopy of minerals and related materials of importance to a variety of research programs being conducted at the U.S. Geological Survey. Much of this library grew out of the need for spectra to support imaging spectroscopy studies of the Earth and planets. Imaging spectrometers, such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Airborne Visible/Infra Red Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) or the NASA Cassini Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) which is currently orbiting Saturn, have narrow bandwidths in many contiguous spectral channels that permit accurate definition of absorption features in spectra from a variety of materials. Identification of materials from such data requires a comprehensive spectral library of minerals, vegetation, man-made materials, and other subjects in the scene. Our research involves the use of the spectral library to identify the components in a spectrum of an unknown. Therefore, the quality of the library must be very good. However, the quality required in a spectral library to successfully perform an investigation depends on the scientific questions to be answered and the type of algorithms to be used. For example, to map a mineral using imaging spectroscopy and the mapping algorithm of Clark and others (1990a, 2003b), one simply needs a diagnostic absorption band. The mapping system uses continuum-removed reference spectral features fitted to features in observed spectra. Spectral features for such algorithms can be obtained from a spectrum of a sample containing large amounts of contaminants, including those that add other spectral features, as long as the shape of the diagnostic feature of interest is not modified. If, however, the data are needed for radiative transfer models to derive mineral abundances from reflectance spectra, then completely uncontaminated spectra are required. This library contains spectra that span a range of quality, with purity indicators to flag spectra for (or against) particular uses. Acquiring spectral measurements and performing sample characterizations for this library has taken about 15 person-years of effort. Software to manage the library and provide scientific analysis capability is provided (Clark, 1980, 1993). A personal computer (PC) reader for the library is also available (Livo and others, 1993). The program reads specpr binary files (Clark, 1980, 1993) and plots spectra. Another program that reads the specpr format is written in IDL (Kokaly, 2005). In our view, an ideal spectral library consists of samples covering a very wide range of materials, has large wavelength range with very high precision, and has enough sample analyses and documentation to establish the quality of the spectra. Time and available resources limit what can be achieved. Ideally, for each mineral, the sample analysis would include X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron microprobe (EM) or X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and petrographic microscopic analyses. For some minerals, such as iron oxides, additional analyses such as Mossbauer would be helpful. We have found that to make the basic spectral measurements, provide XRD, EM or XRF analyses, and microscopic analyses, document the results, and complete an entry of one spectral library sample, all takes about

Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Wise, Richard A.; Livo, K. Eric; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Sutley, Stephen J.

2007-01-01

197

??????????????????? | Globalization, Market Economy in Developing Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

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The development of digital libraries has been facing budgets, human resources and technical issues. Inevitably, it tends to rely on the business model based on market economy in developing digital libraries. However, under business globalization and knowledge-based economics, issues such as public needs, information dependence, information-haves and information-have-nots are worth of attention while developing digital libraries.

??? Chun-Hsiang Chen

2001-10-01

198

Structured Course Objects in a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

We are developing an Undergraduate Digital Library Framework (UDLF) that will support creation/archiving of courses and reuse of existing course material to evolve courses. UDLF supports the publication of course materials for later instantiation for a specific offering and allows the addition of time-dependent and student-specific information and structures. Instructors and, depending on permissions, students can access the general course materials or the materials for a specific offering. We are building a reference implementation based on NCSTRL+, a digital library derived from NCSTRL. Digital objects in NCSTRL+ are called buckets, self-contained entities that carry their own methods for access and display. Current bucket implementations have a two level structure of packages and elements. This is not a rich enough structure for course objects in UDLF. Typically, courses can only be modeled as a multilevel hierarchy and among different courses, both the syntax and semantics of terms may vary. Therefore, we need a mechanism to define, within a particular library, course models, their constituent objects, and the associated semantics in a flexible, extensible way. In this paper, we describe our approach to define and implement these multilayered course objects. We use XML technology to emulate complex data structures within the NCSTRL+ buckets. We have developed authoring and browsing tools to manipulate these course objects. In our current implementation a user downloading an XML based course bucket also downloads the XML-aware tools: an applet that enables the user to edit or browse the bucket. We claim that XML provides an effective means to represent multi-level structure of a course bucket.

Maly, K.; Zubair, M.; Liu, X.; Nelson, M.; Zeil, S.

1999-01-01

199

Reader Education in Libraries of Universities  

OpenAIRE

This paper, starting from the signification, the importance and the meaning of reader education, discusses how libraries of schools of higher education can, under the new situation, carry out researches on readers in depth, understand the demands of readers, do a good job in reader education in libraries, and help students to fully make use of various literature materials of libraries.

Chunlan Qiu; Yan Liu

2009-01-01

200

Metadata and Data Quality Problems in the Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes the main types of data quality errors that occur in digital libraries, both in full-text objects and in metadata. Studying these errors is important because they can block access to online documents and because digital libraries should eliminate errors where possible. Some types of common errors include typographical errors, scanning and data conversion errors, and find and replace errors. Errors in metadata can also hinder access in digital libraries. The paper also disc...

Beall, Jeffrey

2006-01-01

201

Significance of Web 2.0 in Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

The rapid development of Information and Communication Technologies has provided a well sophisticated environment to develop the digital libraries. A digital library is a large-scale, organized collection of complex and dynamic multimedia information and knowledge, and tools and methods to enable search, manipulation and presentation of this information and knowledge via Internet. User-Centered approach for the digital libraries would increase its usage [1]. Web 2.0 technologies provide bette...

Hanumat G. Sastry,; Reddy, Prof Lokanatha C.

2010-01-01

202

Scholnet and Cyclades: extending the role of digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

Scholnet (IST-1000-20664) and Cyclades (IST-2000-25456) are two new digital library projects funded by the EU 5th Framework Programme and coordinated scientifically by the IEI - CNR. Both projects aim at extending the role of a digital library by providing services that support remote communication and collaboration among scholars. In particular, the goal of Scholnet is to develop a digital library providing an enhanced set of specialised services, while Cyclades is focussed on the need to de...

Castelli, Donatella; Pagano, Pasquale; Straccia, Umberto

2001-01-01

203

Analysis of Personalized Information Service System for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Along with the rapid development of digital library, digital library of the third generation, taking the main characteristics of the personalized service, has already become the mainstream today. This article first analyzes the concept and characteristics of digital library, then elaborates the inevitability of personalized service as well as the necessity of its development and based on the Propose of establishing interested knowledge-base, enumerates several ways of person...

Qian, Li; Liu, Lizhen; Hu, Yue

2014-01-01

204

ChemXSeer Digital Library Gaussian Search  

CERN Document Server

We report on the Gaussian file search system designed as part of the ChemXSeer digital library. Gaussian files are produced by the Gaussian software [4], a software package used for calculating molecular electronic structure and properties. The output files are semi-structured, allowing relatively easy access to the Gaussian attributes and metadata. Our system is currently capable of searching Gaussian documents using a boolean combination of atoms (chemical elements) and attributes. We have also implemented a faceted browsing feature on three important Gaussian attribute types - Basis Set, Job Type and Method Used. The faceted browsing feature enables a user to view and process a smaller, filtered subset of documents.

Lahiri, Shibamouli; Nangia, Shikha; Mitra, Prasenjit; Giles, C Lee; Mueller, Karl T

2011-01-01

205

TRSkit: A Simple Digital Library Toolkit  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces TRSkit, a simple and effective toolkit for building digital libraries on the World Wide Web. The toolkit was developed for the creation of the Langley Technical Report Server and the NASA Technical Report Server, but is applicable to most simple distribution paradigms. TRSkit contains a handful of freely available software components designed to be run under the UNIX operating system and served via the World Wide Web. The intended customer is the person that must continuously and synchronously distribute anywhere from 100 - 100,000's of information units and does not have extensive resources to devote to the problem.

Nelson, Michael L.; Esler, Sandra L.

1997-01-01

206

USC Digital Libraries: Sea of Korea Maps  

Science.gov (United States)

What is the Sea of Korea? Simply put, it is the body of water between Japan and Korea. This marvelous digital collection from the USC Digital Libraries brings together two private collections comprised of 172 maps of this expanse of water dating from 1606 to 1895. The maps also vary in language: English, French, Japanese, Dutch, Korean, Latin, German, and Russian. One good starting point is the 1794 map "China, Drawn from the Best Authorities," which happens to be executed as a hand-colored copper engraving. Also, visitors can create their own collection by clicking on the "Add" button. Students of geography, East Asian history, and related subjects will find this entire site to be most delightful.

207

Grid-supported Medical Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Secure, flexible and efficient storing and accessing digital medical data is one of the key elements for delivering successful telemedical systems. To this end grid technologies designed and developed over the recent years and grid infrastructures deployed with their use seem to provide an excellent opportunity for the creation of a powerful environment capable of delivering tools and services for medical data storage, access and processing. In this paper we present the early results of our work towards establishing a Medical Digital Library supported by grid technologies and discuss future directions of its development. These works are part of the "Telemedycyna Wielkopolska" project aiming to develop a telemedical system for the support of the regional healthcare. PMID:17476055

Kosiedowski, Michal; Mazurek, Cezary; Stroinski, Maciej; Weglarz, Jan

2007-01-01

208

Biblioteca digital: a experiência do Impa / Digital library: Impa's experience  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Relato da experiência do Impa na informatização de sua biblioteca, utilizando o software Horizon, e na construção de um servidor de preprints (dissertações de mestrado, teses de doutorado e artigos ainda não publicados) através da participação no projeto internacional Math-Net. [...] Abstract in english Report on Impa's experience in its Digital Library Project, using the software Horizon, and in the construction of a Preprint Server (Dissertations, Thesis and non-published articles) through a cooperation with the international Math-Net project. [...

Maria Cecilia Pragana, Chataignier; Margareth Prevot da, Silva.

2001-12-01

209

Biblioteca digital de peças teatrais / Digital library of theater plays  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais - BDTeatro é um projeto para preservação, formatação, armazenamento e disseminação de Peças Teatrais. Este projeto foi desenvolvido pela Faculdade de Computação, Faculdade de Artes, Filosofia e Ciências Sociais e Biblioteca Central da Universidade Federal de Uber [...] lândia - UFU. A Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) forneceu parte do suporte financeiro para o PROJETO. BDTeatro foi proposto para resolver os problemas de preservação e disseminação de uma coleção com aproximadamente 800 peças teatrais em papel. Esta coleção apresenta sinais de deterioração e sua digitalização foi a motivação deste projeto. Adicionalmente, a ausência de um catálogo on-line e de um processo automatizado para pesquisa de informações na coleção também motivou o projeto. Este artigo descreve o desenvolvimento da Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais, onde foi usada uma perspectiva interdisciplinar de trabalho, garantindo desta maneira, padrões de qualidade no processo de construção do catálogo, na entrada dos dados e nos mecanismos de pesquisa de informações na coleção. Abstract in english Digital Library of Theater Plays - BDTeatro is a project for preservation, formatting, storage, and dissemination of theater plays. This project was developed by the School of Computation, School of Philosophy, Arts, and Social Science, and Central Library of Federal University of Uberlândia(UFU). T [...] he Foundation to Research Support of the Minas Gerais State (FAPEMIG ) provided partial financial support for the project. BDTeatro was proposed to deal with problems of preservation and dissemination of a collection with approximately eight hundred paper-based theater plays. This collection presents signs of deterioration and its digitalization has motivated this project. Besides, the absence of an on-line catalogue and an automated process to search information in the collection has also motivated the project. This paper describes the development of the Digital Library of Theater Plays where an interdisciplinary perspective of work was used, assuring this way standards of quality in the process of building up the catalog, in text data entrance and in mechanisms of searching by information in the collection.

Angela Maria, Silva; Ilmério Reis, Silva; Luiz Humberto Martins, Arantes.

2004-08-01

210

The Next Stage: Moving from Isolated Digital Collections to Interoperable Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Online collections do not yet function like conventional libraries. Many digital collections are experimental and lack service components, and few have preservation components. The function of searching across collections is a dream frequently discussed but seldom realized at a robust level. This paper places a conceptual framework upon digital library development, and discusses how we might move from isolated digital collections to interoperable digital libraries. It first examines how early...

Besser, Howard

2002-01-01

211

Metadata In, Library Out. A Simple, Robust Digital Library System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tired of being held hostage to expensive systems that did not meet our needs, the University of Alabama Libraries developed an XML schema-agnostic, light-weight digital library delivery system based on the principles of "Keep It Simple, Stupid!" Metadata and derivatives reside in openly accessible web directories, which support the development of web agents and new usability software, as well as modification and complete retrieval at any time. The file name structure is echoed in the file system structure, enabling the delivery software to make inferences about relationships, sequencing, and complex object structure without having to encapsulate files in complex metadata schemas. The web delivery system, Acumen, is built of PHP, JSON, JavaScript and HTML5, using MySQL to support fielded searching. Recognizing that spreadsheets are more user-friendly than XML, an accompanying widget, Archivists Utility, transforms spreadsheets into MODS based on rules selected by the user. Acumen, Archivists Utility, and all supporting software scripts will be made available as open source.

Tonio Loewald

2010-06-01

212

Buckets: Smart Objects for Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Current discussion of digital libraries (DLs) is often dominated by the merits of the respective storage, search and retrieval functionality of archives, repositories, search engines, search interfaces and database systems. While these technologies are necessary for information management, the information content is more important than the systems used for its storage and retrieval. Digital information should have the same long-term survivability prospects as traditional hardcopy information and should be protected to the extent possible from evolving search engine technologies and vendor vagaries in database management systems. Information content and information retrieval systems should progress on independent paths and make limited assumptions about the status or capabilities of the other. Digital information can achieve independence from archives and DL systems through the use of buckets. Buckets are an aggregative, intelligent construct for publishing in DLs. Buckets allow the decoupling of information content from information storage and retrieval. Buckets exist within the Smart Objects and Dumb Archives model for DLs in that many of the functionalities and responsibilities traditionally associated with archives are pushed down (making the archives dumber) into the buckets (making them smarter). Some of the responsibilities imbued to buckets are the enforcement of their terms and conditions, and maintenance and display of their contents.

Nelson, Michael L.

2001-01-01

213

Creating Lecture Tutorials for the Introductory Geoscience Classroom with Data Found on the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Website  

Science.gov (United States)

Lecture Tutorials (LTs) are short, interactive materials used during lectures that guide student learning and challenge students to think about their own misconceptions. They are designed to be used by instructors as a simple way to increase the amount of interactive learning in their classroom. We developed several geoscience LTs, using data sets found on the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) website when possible, in order to address the problems of student misconceptions and lack of appreciation of science. After a short lecture, the students were given 3 to 4 multiple choice questions about the material covered. They then worked in groups on an LT, participated in a class discussion and answered a second similar question set to test for additional learning. Based on the results of one author's students, the materials were revised and retested with the other's students. Student interviews were conducted to determine the role data sets played in changing student attitudes toward science. LTs in this study were written with two different purposes. One set focused on data interpretation and scientific methods using real-world data sets found on DLESE. We found little to no increase in pre-LT and post-LT performance on the question sets when these LTs were used. The other set of LTs specifically tackled misconceptions about a single geologic topic. Students showed a significant increase in pre-LT and post-LT learning based on the questions sets when these LTs were used. LTs that successfully decreased student misconceptions did not require the use of real-world data sets. We identified several factors influencing student performance on the pre- and post-LT questions, in addition to whether or not the LT focused on including data sets or tackling misconceptions. The distracters in the questions need to include the student misconceptions to verify the students have changed their understanding. This demonstrates a need for a large database of well-written and tested questions to use for evaluation purposes. If lectures are well-designed, effective, and address the focus of the LT, then the increase in student performance on the questions is reduced. However, students still have difficulties with not changing their previously-held conceptions which shows why the LTs are so effective when they address misconceptions - misconceptions cannot be overcome by simply listening to a lecture.

Kortz, K. M.; Jager, J. M.

2006-05-01

214

Aviation Education Multimedia Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Purdue University is well-known for their various engineering programs, and they have also distinguished themselves through their work in aeronautical engineering research and practice. This website is designed to provide instructional materials for aviation educators, and one can imagine that such materials might work well in classroom slide presentations as well as for students who might be seeking a visual aid. The materials are basically organized in one long continuous list, and visitors can just scroll through them at their leisure. Among these materials, visitors will find photographs of landing gear equipment, squat switches, crush plates, and the tell-tale corroded electrical terminal. Finally, in their "General Materials" area, visitors can look over a presentation on turbocharger systems and consider a presentation on engine theory.

215

Networking for Digital Preservation Current Practice in 15 National Libraries  

CERN Document Server

Libraries all over the world have to deal with fast growing numbers of digital materials that need to be safeguarded. Publications in digital form, online or on CD, digitised images, and born-digital objects need to be preserved and kept accessible. Safeguarding digital heritage is a major issue, especially for national libraries, because of their legal task of preserving the national heritage of a country. Does day-to-day practice in storing and accessing digital objects illustrate a mutual need for certain standards? Are there currently any standards for the development and building of digit

Verheul, Ingeborg

2008-01-01

216

Changing Role of Library and Need of Professional skills, Efficiency & Competency in Digital Library Era  

OpenAIRE

Digital libraries, once project based and largely autonomous efforts are maturing. As individual programs have grown, each has developed its own personality, reflecting the circumstances of its creation and environment, and its leadership. This report from CLIR and the Digital Library Federation (DLF) draws on the results of a survey and case studies of DLF members to reveal how these influences have molded a range of organizational forms that we call the digital library.

Dr.Subhash Pundalikrao Chavan

2012-01-01

217

Publishing Security Policy of Digital Librarys Sensitive Data  

OpenAIRE

In order to improve the publishing security level of sensitive data of digital librarys virtualization community, this study uses security grouping strategy of graph clustering to group users sensitive data, greatly improves the security of releasing sensitive data. This article first summarized digital librarys application service structure, introduced distribution system of sensitive data simply, detailed analyzed the related definitions of security...

Hongxia Li

2013-01-01

218

Using XML, XSLT, and CSS in a Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the evolving information technologies employed at the Digital Library Initiative (DLI-I) Testbed of full-text journal articles at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Examines how XML, XSLT, and CSS can be used in a digital library application and discusses document representation and transmission, metadata schema, and…

Cole, Timothy W.; Mischo, William H.; Ferrer, Robert; Habing, Thomas G.

2000-01-01

219

A Linked-Data based approach for managing digital libraries  

OpenAIRE

Nowadays, the social networks are spreading abroad different application domains. Also, the digital libraries are improving how their users exploit the catalog services with social capabilities. More recently, the Linked Data model defines a novel vision for the near future web applications. Our paper approaches a solution for managing users in a digital library with a semantic fashion.

Candela Romero, Gustavo; Escobar Esteban, Mari?a Pilar; Marco Such, Manuel; Perni?as Peco, Pedro; Sa?nchez Di?az, Alexander

2012-01-01

220

Enhancing a Core Journal Collection for Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This paper aims to address the problem of enhancing the selection of titles offered by a digital library, by analysing the differences in these titles when they are cited by local authors in their publications and when they are listed in the digital library offer. Design/methodology/approach: Text mining techniques were used to identify…

Kovacevic, Ana; Devedzic, Vladan; Pocajt, Viktor

2010-01-01

221

Knowledge Organisation Systems in North American Digital Library Collections  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report an investigation into the types of knowledge organisation systems (KOSs) utilised in North American digital library collections. Design/methodology/approach: The paper identifies, analyses and deep scans online North American hosted digital libraries. It reviews the literature related to the…

Shiri, Ali; Chase-Kruszewski, Sarah

2009-01-01

222

Cloud as Infrastructure at the Texas Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, we describe our recent work in using cloud computing to provision digital library services. We consider our original and current motivations, technical details of our implementation, the path we took, and our future work and lessons learned. We also compare our work with other digital library cloud efforts.

Nuernberg, Peter Texas Digital Library; Leggett, John Texas A. M. University; Mcfarland, Mark University Of Texas At Austin

2012-01-01

223

Digital Libraries in the Classroom: Secondary School Teachers' Conception  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents findings from a case study investigating secondary school teachers' understanding of the term digital libraries and their relationship with learning. The study addresses two research questions: (1) How do teachers conceptualize digital libraries, their relevance and issues relating to their integration into the curriculum? and…

Abrizah, A.; Zainab, A. N.

2011-01-01

224

Usability Studies and User-Centered Design in Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries continue to flourish. At the same time, the principles of user-centered design and the practice of usability testing have been growing in popularity, spreading their influence into the library sphere. This article explores the confluence of these two trends by surveying the current literature on usability studies of digital

Comeaux, David J.

2008-01-01

225

Metadata Harvesting in Regional Digital Libraries in the PIONIER Network  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The paper aims to present the concept of the functionality of metadata harvesting for regional digital libraries, based on the OAI-PMH protocol. This functionality is a part of regional digital libraries platform created in Poland. The platform was required to reach one of main objectives of the Polish PIONIER Programme--to enrich the…

Mazurek, Cezary; Stroinski, Maciej; Werla, Marcin; Weglarz, Jan

2006-01-01

226

Teaching Digital Libraries in Spain: Context and Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

The situation of digital libraries teaching and learning in Spain up to 2008 is examined. A detailed analysis of the different curricula and subjects is provided both at undergraduate and postgraduate level. Digital libraries have been mostly a postgraduate topic in Spain, but they should become mainstream, with special subjects devoted to them,…

Garcia-Marco, Francisco-Javier

2009-01-01

227

News from the Library: Digital signage: what is it?  

CERN Multimedia

As you might know, "digital signage" is a form of electronic display that shows information, advertising and other messages in both public and private environments.   If you visited the Library lately, you probably discovered that something has changed in the way we inform library users of how our collections and services are evolving. A screen has now replaced the traditional shelf or showcase where libraries usually display new book acquisitions. This new digital showcase dynamically displays new book and ebook acquisitions in the Library, new titles available in the Bookshop, and most downloaded ebooks. The same content will be soon displayed also on the CERN digital signage network.

2012-01-01

228

Outline and Preliminary Evaluation of the Classical Digital Library Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines the classical digital library model, which is derived from traditional practices of library and information science professionals, as an alternative to the database retrieval model. Reports preliminary results from an evaluation study of library and information professionals and endusers involved with primary care medicine. (AEF)

MacCall, Steven L.; Cleveland, Ana D.; Gibson, Ian E.

1999-01-01

229

Integrating print and digital resources in library collections  

CERN Document Server

Get informed answers to your questions and concerns about integrating the materials in your library's collectionLibrary collections have always included materials in many formats?handling a mix of material types is an accepted part of library work. And in recent years, the very concept of ?collection? has been significantly redefined by the addition of electronic resources. But are print and digital materials really merged in library collections or are they treated and maintained as separate entities? Integrating Print and Digital Resources in Library Collections examines a variety

Katz, Linda S

2013-01-01

230

From Talking to Doing: Digital Preservation at the British Library  

OpenAIRE

What are the core competencies that a national library needs to address the preservation of digital material? What skills are needed, by whom, when, to do what? Are the skills available externally, or is it better to develop people within the library? How are preservation philosophies and IT philosophies attuned? How is the preservation of digital material managed in a matrical and distributed way within a large organisation? This paper describes how the British Library (BL) is addressin...

Shenton, Helen

2000-01-01

231

The Alexandria Digital Library Project Review, Assessment, and Prospects  

OpenAIRE

The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) was established in the late 1990s as a response to several perceived problems of traditional map libraries, notably access and organization. By 1999 it had evolved into an operational digital library, offering a well-defined set of services to a broad user community, based on an extensive collection of georeferenced information objects. The vision of ADL continues to evolve, as technology makes new services possible, as its users become more sophisticated ...

Goodchild, Michael F.

2005-01-01

232

Digital library initiative in an Indian research library: an experience report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Libraries all over the world are transiting from the traditional print only era to the electronic era. The migration to an electronic library involves the understanding of several issues and requirements at the planning stage itself. This paper describes the various aspects of building a digital library system. Experience of implementing certain strategies in the IGCAR library is discussed in detail. The components of the digital library and the various access levels are discussed with examples. Finally, samples of the IGCAR library web site and the Newsletter web site are shown. (author)

233

Shoestring Digital Library: If Existing Digital Library Software Doesn't Suit Your Needs, Create Your Own  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating a digital library might seem like a task best left to a large research collection with a vast staff and generous budget. However, tools for successfully creating digital libraries are getting easier to use all the time. The explosion of people creating content for the web has led to the availability of many high-quality applications and…

Weber, Jonathan

2006-01-01

234

Accessing and using complex multimedia documents in a digital library  

OpenAIRE

In the context of three European projects, our research team has developed a data model and query language for digital libraries supporting identification, structuring, metadata, and discovery and reuse of digital resources. The model is inspired by the Web and it is formalized as a first-order theory, certain models of which correspond to the notion of digital library. In addition, a full translation of the model to RDF and of the query language to SPARQL has been proposed to demonstrate the...

Ly, Anh Tuan

2013-01-01

235

Danish youth education en route to digital literacy  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Denmark invests massivly in education and we pride ourselves on having a worldclass IT infrastructure. But at the same time our educational system and the libraries fail to examine the connection between information supply, learning and the new digital reality. A new strategy could be the first step in the right direction.

Kaarsted, Thomas; Andersen, Knud Holch

2013-01-01

236

Shaping the library of the future: Digital library developments at Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Research Library  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper offers an overview of current efforts at the Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory, (LANL), to develop digital library services. Current projects of LANL`s Library without Walls initiative are described. Although the architecture of digital libraries generally is experimental and subject to debate, one principle of LANL`s approach to delivering library information is the use of Mosaic as a client for the Research Library`s resources. Several projects under development have significant ramifications for delivering library services over the Internet. Specific efforts via Mosaic include support for preprint databases, providing access to citation databases, and access to a digital image database of unclassified Los Alamos technical reports.

Luce, R.E.

1994-10-01

237

Digital Library Archaeology: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Library Use through Artifact-Based Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Archaeologists have used material artifacts found in a physical space to gain an understanding about the people who occupied that space. Likewise, as users wander through a digital library, they leave behind data-based artifacts of their activity in the virtual space. Digital library archaeologists can gather these artifacts and employ inductive…

Nicholson, Scott

2005-01-01

238

Significance of Web 2.0 in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The rapid development of Information and Communication Technologies has provided a well sophisticated environment to develop the digital libraries. A digital library is a large-scale, organized collection of complex and dynamic multimedia information and knowledge, and tools and methods to enable search, manipulation and presentation of this information and knowledge via Internet. User-Centered approach for the digital libraries would increase its usage [1]. Web 2.0 technologies provide better user-centered services with rich user experience for Web applications. Hence this paper deals with the significance of Web 2.0 in building of digital libraries and presents the architecture of Web 2.0 enabled user interface system for DSpace digital repository.

Hanumat G. Sastry,

2010-09-01

239

Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

How is digital storytelling different than just plain old storytelling? Digital storytelling utilizes computer-based tools to tell stories, which is the key difference. The method is not so new, as it has been going on in earnest for two decades. This particular manifestation of digital storytelling is part of the University of Houston, and it contains a primer on the subject (the How To section), along with a range of example stories and news from the center. Educators will appreciate the Educational Materials area as it contains lesson plans, information about copyright infringement, the creation of e-books, and evaluating the success of digital storytelling projects. Additionally, the Example Stories contains over four dozen links to existing digital storytelling projects such as "Spies of the Revolutionary War!" and "Crucibles in Action".

240

Building Relationships through a Digital Branch Library: Finding the Community in Community College Library Websites  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates whether or not community college libraries have in place the characteristics necessary to develop digital branch libraries to meet the expanding and changing needs of their publics. Using Hon and Grunig's (1999) relationship building criteria as a framework, 98 community college library websites were analyzed to determine…

Pampaloni, Andrea M.; Bird, Nora J.

2014-01-01

241

Search Engine Technology and Digital Libraries - Libraries Need to Discover the Academic Internet  

OpenAIRE

This article is the revised and elaborated version of a presentation that was delivered at the invitation of the American Digital Library Federation (DLF) at their Spring Forum meeting in New Orleans (http://www.diglib.org/forums/Spring2004/springforum04abs.htm). It will be followed by "Search engine technology and digital libraries: Moving from theory to praxis" as a collaborative article from this author and Friedrich Summann, Head of IT at Bielefeld University Library. With the development...

Lossau, Norbert

2004-01-01

242

LIBER's Involvement in Supporting Digital Preservation in Member Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital curation and preservation represent new challenges for universities. LIBER has invested considerable effort to engage with the new agendas of digital preservation and digital curation. Through two successful phases of the LIFE project, LIBER is breaking new ground in identifying innovative models for costing digital curation and preservation. Through LIFE’s input into the US-UK Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access, LIBER is aligned with major international work in the economics of digital preservation. In its emerging new strategy and structures, LIBER will continue to make substantial contributions in this area, mindful of the needs of European research libraries.

Paul Ayris

2009-03-01

243

Electromechanical Devices, Systems, and Applications Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

These interactive learning objects focus on concepts that cover a broad-based electromechanical program. The majority of these objects have been created for electronics, but during the next three years (until 2008), at least 300 more objects will be built that will focus on other topic areas such as hydraulics, pneumatics, mechanical design, and process control (see complete list on the left side of this page). Instructors from Fox Valley Technical College and other colleges in the Wisconsin Technical College System are creating these objects. FVTC has partnered with four other colleges throughout the United States that will be contributing to this repository. The effectiveness of learning objects was demonstrated in an evaluation conducted at FVTC during the 2004-2005 academic year. A brief summary of the evaluation can be read by clicking on the Assessment button on this Home Page. These objects can also be found on the Wisc-Online digital library at www.wisconline.org. Learning objects are available to be used at no cost by teachers and students worldwide via the Internet.

244

Touch-Optimised Mobile Interface for Invenio Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is free software platform for digital libraries and document repositories on the web. Invenio was originally developed at CERN to power its scientific document server containing about 1 million of articles, books, photos, videos, and more.\

Tapparel, Yannick

245

A shared digital library of Native American images  

OpenAIRE

Montana State University has available on the Web a digital library called the "Indian Peoples of the Northern Great Plains." The key elements of this collaborative IMLS project were the sharing of equipment, staff, and images.

Peterson, Elaine

2001-01-01

246

Design and Usability of Digital Libraries: Case Studies in the Asia Pacific  

Science.gov (United States)

This book showcases some of the best digital library practices from organizations in the Asia Pacific. Particular emphasis has been placed on the design, use and usability of digital libraries. Not only are digital libraries examined, but related technologies, the management of knowledge in digital libraries, and the associated usability and…

Theng, Yin-Leng, Ed.; Foo, Schubert, Ed.

2005-01-01

247

National Science Digital Library: iTunes U  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Science Digital Library (NSDL) is very well-regarded among educators and other professionals, and not surprisingly, has a great presence on iTunesU. On the site, visitors can download a wide range of audio, video, and other multimedia resources on a range of subjects like electrical engineering, biology, and anatomy. The What's New area is a good place to start, as it includes short films for young people, including "A Dolphin's Return" and "Against the Current." The thematic areas on the site include Physical Science and Technology, Life Science, and Earth and Environmental Science. Also, visitors can look over the Top Downloads area or browse by contributing partner organization. [KMG

248

Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries - TPDL 2013 Selected Workshops  

OpenAIRE

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the selected workshops co-located with the 17th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2013, held in Valletta, Malta, in September 2013. The volume is organized in three parts, containing the 26 revised full papers of the three workshops: Linking and Contextualizing Publications and Datasets (LCPD 2013); Supporting Users Exploration of Digital Libraries (SUEDL 2013); Moving beyond technology: iSchools and ed...

2014-01-01

249

DL.org - The Digital Library Reference Model  

OpenAIRE

This document represents the final release of the Digital Library Reference Model produced by the DL.org project. It has been produced by using the DELOS Digital Library Reference Model released by the DELOS Network of Excellence as firm starting point. This release maintains, consolidates and enhances the previous one by applying a number of revisions and extensions. The document maintains the structure of the previous release, i.e., it is a volume consisting of different parts. However, the...

Candela, Leonardo; Athanasopoulos, George; Castelli, Donatella; El Raheb, Katerina; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, Ana; Vullo, Giuseppina; Ross, Seamus

2010-01-01

250

Criteria for Evaluating the Performance of Arabic Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

The research try to identify the reality and determine the criteria of evaluating the performance of Arabic digital libraries through analytical descriptive and shed light on the future of the storage and retrieval of information and make it available. In this paper the result showed the possibility of giving general information about each one of the digital libraries, also the results showed the possibility of sailing through the site to obtain the information required for research.

Ahmed, Jinan S.; Ali, Sihama G.

2014-01-01

251

Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure  

Science.gov (United States)

Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry

1993-01-01

252

The ERESE Project: Enactment of Digital Library Inquiry-Based Plate Tectonic Lessons  

Science.gov (United States)

The Enduring Resources for Earth Science Education (ERESE) project is a collaborative effort between earth scientists, educators, librarians and data archive managers. Its goal is to develop and maintain a persistent online research and education archive in a digital library environment that supports earth science education in plate tectonics. A major contribution from educators has been the development of inquiry lessons included in the digital library. Fourteen middle and high school teachers from across the country participated in the ERESE Workshop in July 2004. The goal of the workshop was three-fold: to provide the teachers with a research experience based on the digital library materials, to model an inquiry process and to support teachers as they develop inquiry lessons for their students. This process was led by a team of scientists and expert educators. The team used a master template to facilitate the teacher's lesson development. The pedagogical approach outlined in the template reflects a model of scientific thinking the goal of which is to shift from direction by the teacher at the onset of a lesson to a self-directed experience on the part of the student as they engage in the inquiry process and complete the lesson. Two examples of inquiry lessons produced as part of the workshop are reported here. The first investigates the symmetry of magnetic stripes at the northern East Pacific Rise using real marine geophysical data from the digital library. The second inquiry lesson was developed by a participant teacher and has been implemented this academic year by a high school marine science teacher. The lesson investigates the evidence that supports plate tectonics on the basis of the Pangea model. Having already been implemented in the classroom this lesson provides a rigorous testing of the inquiry process and the robustness of the scientific content of the digital library.

Helly, M.; Symons, C. M.; Dow, N.; Miller, S. P.; Helly, J.; Staudigel, H.; Koppers, A.

2004-12-01

253

Teaching Analytics: A Clustering and Triangulation Study of Digital Library User Data  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers and students increasingly enjoy unprecedented access to abundant web resources and digital libraries to enhance and enrich their classroom experiences. However, due to the distributed nature of such systems, conventional educational research methods, such as surveys and observations, provide only limited snapshots. In addition,…

Xu, Beijie; Recker, Mimi

2012-01-01

254

What Children Can Teach Us: Developing Digital Libraries for Children with Children  

Science.gov (United States)

At the University of Maryland, an interdisciplinary team of researchers from information studies, computer science, education, art, and psychology worked with seven children (ages seven to eleven) to design a new digital library for children. This partnership led to new approaches for collection development, cataloging (metadata standards), and…

Druin, Allison

2005-01-01

255

Exploring the Digital Library: A Guide for Online Teaching and Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

This book, which is a volume in The Jossey-Bass Online Teaching and Learning series, addresses the key issue of library services for faculty and their students in the online learning environment. Written by librarians at Athabasca University, a leading institution in distance education, this book shows how faculty can effectively use digital

Johnson, Kay; Magusin, Elaine

2005-01-01

256

Visualizing Document Classification: A Search Aid for the Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses access to digital libraries on the World Wide Web via Web browsers and describes the design of a language-independent document classification system to help users of the Florida Center for Library Automation analyze search query results. Highlights include similarity scores, clustering, graphical representation of document similarity,…

Lieu, Yew-Huey; Dantzig, Paul; Sachs, Martin; Corey, James T.; Hinnebusch, Mark T.; Damashek, Marc; Cohen, Jonathan

2000-01-01

257

An overview of Digital Audio Books for Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, part of the Library of Congress, historically has been the major supplier of recreational talking books for U.S. citizens with print impairments. It has announced that its digital talking book program will begin in late 2008. The Canadian National Institute for the Blind…

Peters, Tom; Bell, Lori; Sussman, Diana Brawley; Ruda, Sharon

2005-01-01

258

Cracking the Egg: The South Carolina Digital Library's New Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the historical foundations of the South Carolina Digital Library, a collaborative statewide program that ties together academic special collections and archives, public libraries, state government archives, and other cultural resource institutions in an effort to provide the state with a comprehensive database of online…

Vinson, Christopher G.; Boyd, Kate Foster

2008-01-01

259

Library Services in the Digital Age  

Science.gov (United States)

This report explores the changing world of library services by exploring the activities at libraries that are already in transition and the kinds of services citizens would like to see if they could redesign libraries themselves. It is part of a larger research effort by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project that is exploring…

Zickuhr, Kathryn; Rainie, Lee; Purcell, Kristen

2013-01-01

260

Shaping the Curriculum: The Power of a Library's Digital Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

Researchers were the first adopters of digital resources available through the library. Online journals and databases make finding research articles much easier than when this author started as a librarian more than 20 years ago. Speedier interlibrary loan due to digital delivery means research materials are never far away. Making it easier for…

Kirkwood, Patricia

2011-01-01

261

Policy Route Map for Academic Libraries' Digital Content  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a policy decision tree for digital information management in academic libraries. The decision tree is a policy guide, which offers alternative access and reproduction policy solutions according to the prevailing circumstances (for example acquisition method, copyright ownership). It refers to the digital information life cycle,…

Koulouris, Alexandros; Kapidakis, Sarantos

2012-01-01

262

Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ as parts of the European Digital Mathematics Library.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Sofia : Institute of Mathematics and Informatics - BAS, 2012 - (Pavlov, R.; Stanchev, P.), s. 60-67 ISSN 1314-4006. [Proceedings of the Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage 2012. Veliko Tarnovo (BG), 18.09.2012-21.09.2012] Grant ostatní: European Commission(XE) EuDML(250503) Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : digital mathematics library * open access * institutional repositories Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

Rákosník, Ji?í; Stanchev, P.; Simeonov, G.; Pavlov, R.

263

The Alexandria Digital Library Project Review, Assessment, and Prospects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL was established in the late 1990s as a response to several perceived problems of traditional map libraries, notably access and organization. By 1999 it had evolved into an operational digital library, offering a well-defined set of services to a broad user community, based on an extensive collection of georeferenced information objects. The vision of ADL continues to evolve, as technology makes new services possible, as its users become more sophisticated and demanding, and as the broader field of geographic information science (GlScience identifies new avenues for research and application.

Michael F Goodchild

2005-01-01

264

Some thoughts on the near-future Digital Mathematics Library  

OpenAIRE

The mathematicians' Digital mathematics library (DML) summarises the generous project that all mathematics ever published should end up in digital form so that it would be more easily referenced, accessed, used. This concept was formulated at the very beginning of this century, and yielded a lot of international activity that culminated around years 2002--2005. While it is estimated that a substantial part of the existing math literature is already available in some digital format, nothing lo...

Bouche, Thierry

2008-01-01

265

Library School Education for Medical Librarianship *  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews the current situation in library school education for medical librarianship in the United States and Canada based on information from a questionnaire sent to teachers of courses in medical librarianship in accredited library schools. Since 1939, when the first course devoted entirely to medical librarianship was offered at Columbia University, courses have been introduced into the curricula of at least forty-seven of the ALA-accredited library schools. In 1978 there were seventy courses available through forty-seven library schools. Possibilities for specialization in medical librarianship are examined. Course content is reviewed. Implications of the MLA certification examination for library school courses are explored. PMID:385086

Roper, Fred W.

1979-01-01

266

Digital Preservation and Deep Infrastructure; Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Progress Report and Workplan for 2002; Video Gaming, Education and Digital Learning Technologies: Relevance and Opportunities; Digital Collections of Real World Objects; The MusArt Music-Retrieval System: An Overview; eML: Taking Mississippi Libraries into the 21st Century.  

Science.gov (United States)

One opinion piece and five articles in this issue discuss: digital preservation infrastructure; accomplishments and changes in the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative in 2001 and plans for 2002; video gaming and how it relates to digital libraries and learning technologies; overview of a music retrieval system; and the online version of the…

Granger, Stewart; Dekkers, Makx; Weibel, Stuart L.; Kirriemuir, John; Lensch, Hendrik P. A.; Goesele, Michael; Seidel, Hans-Peter; Birmingham, William; Pardo, Bryan; Meek, Colin; Shifrin, Jonah; Goodvin, Renee; Lippy, Brooke

2002-01-01

267

Discussion on construction of scientific and technological digital library in nuclear industry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the rapid development of digital and network technology, traditional libraries have been unable to meet the needs of the times. Digital libraries will gradually take the place of traditional libraries. Under the circumstances, how will the libraries of the enterprises in nuclear industry face this transformation? This paper gives the brief descriptions and comparative analyses in the four aspects: the definition of the digital library, the meaning of nuclear scientific and technological digital library, the characteristics of the digital library, and major problems in the construction of nuclear scientific and technological digital library that should be solved. Therefore, setting up the digital library is very important. At the same time, it's very necessary and urgent for the libraries of the enterprises in nuclear industry to establish nuclear scientific and technological digital library. (author)

268

LC21: A Digital Strategy For the Library of Congress  

Science.gov (United States)

This report, commissioned by the National Research Council and made available by the National Academy Press (last mentioned in the February 6, 1999 Scout Report) takes a hard look at the impact of digital information on the Library of Congress's traditional mission (and by implication, the mission of all US libraries) to collect, preserve, and make accessible the intellectual work of the American people. Even though the American Memory Website created by the Library of Congress is hugely successful and a national model for digitizing historical collections, the report points out that the problem of collecting and preserving materials that are "born digital" is far more urgent. New digital information is being created at a rapid pace, and much of it is more ephemeral than the paper-based materials now become digital at American Memory. The report not only outlines the problem clearly, but makes recommendations for action. For example, the report urges the Library to immediately define policies for collecting Websites created in the US, and to form a high-level planning group to develop digital preservation strategies. LC21 is fascinating reading for all crystal ball gazers concerned with the future of libraries.

2000-01-01

269

Cultural Dimensions of Digital Library Development, Part II: The Cultures of Innovation in Five European National Libraries (Narratives of Development)  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the narrative accounts of the beginnings of digital library programs in five European national libraries: Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library. Based on interviews with policy makers and developers of digital

Dalbello, Marija

2009-01-01

270

Access of Digitized Print Originals in US and UK Higher Education Libraries Combined with Print Circulation Indicates Increased Usage of Traditional Forms of Reading Materials. A Review of: Joint, Nicholas. “Is Digitisation the New Circulation?: Borrowing Trends, Digitisation and the nature of reading in US and UK Libraries.” Library Review 57.2 (2008): 87-95.  

OpenAIRE

Objective – To discern the statistical accuracy of reports that print circulation is in decline in libraries, particularly higher education libraries in the United States (US)and United Kingdom (UK), and to determine if circulation patterns reflect a changing dynamic in patron reading habits.Design – Comparative statistical analysis.Setting – Library circulation statistics from as early as 1982 to as recent as 2006, culled from various sources with specific references to statistics gat...

Kurt Blythe

2009-01-01

271

News from the Library: Advancing light - SPIE Digital Library accessible to CERN till 31 March 2012  

CERN Multimedia

SPIE (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers) is a not-for-profit international society which publishes one of the largest collections of applied optics and photonics research papers in the world: the SPIE Digital Library.   This resource includes more than 300,000 technical papers from SPIE journals, e-books and conference proceedings from 1990 to the present. The SPIE Digital Library covers many areas of interest for CERN users, such as astronomy, nanotechnology, sensors, lasers, electro-optics and imaging. The CERN Library has trial access to the complete resource till 31 March 2012, don't hesitate to give it a try! Access to the SPIE Digital Library here. We welcome any comment or question at library.desk@cern.ch.

CERN Library

2012-01-01

272

"Being Digital": Implications for Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses emerging trends in education that are related to being digital. Highlights include the mind's processes and structures, including the cognitive spectrum, constructivism, and situated cognition; mass customization, including learning styles; context; our rapidly expanding knowledge base, including lifelong learning and just-in-time…

McLellan, Hilary

1996-01-01

273

The Marine Realms Information Bank family of digital libraries: access to free online information for coastal and marine science  

Science.gov (United States)

Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2007-01-01

274

Public Libraries, Digital Literacy and Participatory Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years public libraries have experimented with user-generated or community-contributed content through the interactive tools of Web 2.0. For some commentators this not just establishes a new relationship between libraries and their publics, but signals the end of information hegemony and an "expert paradigm". Such claims need to be…

McShane, Ian

2011-01-01

275

Performance Indicators for the Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of performance indicators is „to assess the quality and effectiveness of services provided by a library ... and to assess the efficiency of resources allocated by the library to such services.” In the last decades, libraries have developed sets of performance indicators for evaluating the quality of their services. Such indicators have been presented in handbooks and in an international standard. They were for the most part restricted to the traditional library services (collection, lending and ILL services, reading rooms, reference desk. For the fast developing electronic library services new and special indicators are needed in order to assess the effectiveness of services and to justify expenditure and resource allocation to that sector. In several projects on a national and international scale, such indicators have been developed and tested.

Roswitha Poll

2001-07-01

276

Issues for bringing digital libraries into public use  

Science.gov (United States)

In much the same way that the field of artificial intelligence produced a cult which fervently believed that computers would soon think like human beings, the existence of electronic books has resurrected the paperless society as a utopian vision to some, an apocalyptic horror to others. In this essay we have attempted to provide realistic notions of what digital libraries are likely to become if they are a popular success. E-books are capable of subsuming most of the media we use today and have the potential for added functionality by being interactive. The environmental impact of having millions more computers will be offset to some degree, perhaps even exceeded, by the fact that televisions, stereos, VCR's, CD players, newspapers, magazines, and books will become part of the computer system or be made redundant. On the whole, large-scale use of digital libraries is likely to be a winning proposition. Whether or not this comes to pass depends on the directions taken by today's researchers and software developers. By involving the public, the effort being put into digital libraries can be leveraged into something which is big enough to make a real change for the better. If digital libraries remain the exclusive property of government, universities, and large research firms, then large parts of the world will remain without digital libraries for years to come, just as they have remained without digital phone service for far too long. If software companies try to scuttle the project by patenting crucial algorithms and using proprietary data formats, all of us will suffer. Let us reverse the errors of the past and create a truly open digital library system.

Flater, David W.; Yesha, Yelena

1993-01-01

277

Research challenges in digital education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Simulation and other forms of digital learning will occupy a place of increasing prominence in medical education in the future. However, to maximally use the potential of these media, we must go beyond a research agenda dictated by a 'Does it work?' question to one driven by careful analysis of the nature of the task to be learned and its relation to the characteristics of the technology. Secondly, we must change the focus from the characteristics of individual devices to a broader approach to design of a digital curriculum based on current understanding of the nature of human learning. PMID:25143285

Norman, Geoff

2014-09-01

278

A visual digital library approach for time-oriented scientific primary data  

OpenAIRE

Digital Library support for textual and certain types of non-textual documents has significantly advanced over the last years. While Digital Library support implies many aspects along the whole library workflow model, interactive and visual retrieval allowing effective query formulation and result presentation are important functions. Recently, new kinds of non-textual documents which merit Digital Library support, but yet cannot be fully accommodated by existing Digital Library technology, h...

Bernard, Ju?rgen; Brase, Jan; Fellner, Dieter; Koepler, Oliver; Kohlhammer, Jo?rn; Ruppert, Tobias; Schreck, Tobias; Sens, Irina

2010-01-01

279

DCC Digital Curation Manual: Preservation Strategies for Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Ensuring that digital data remain accessible and reusable over time requires the implementation of proactive, scalable and sustainable preservation strategies. To be of greatest effect, preservation issues must be considered from the point of creation and throughout the entire life-cycle of the digital resource. This chapter will examine some of the technical issues surrounding digital preservation and also explore some of the philosophical issues that may hinder effective upta...

Holdsworth, David

2007-01-01

280

Library in the digital age:experiences and challenges from the university of Bergen library, Norway  

OpenAIRE

At the University of Bergen Library (UBL) the digital library has been developed over a period of 25 years. It started slowly, but during the last decade the changes have been more and more rapid, entailing major alterations of the routines and services. There has also been a revolution in the amount of available digitalized information. I will look briefly at some of the changes and challenges that the University of Bergen Library has been facing during the last 10 - 15 years. The changes re...

Garnes, Kari

2007-01-01

281

SUBJECTIVE CONTENT ACCESSIBILITY USING DATABASE APPROACH FOR DIGITAL LIBRARY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today’s digital library is a massive collection of various types and categories of documents. The existing search engines do not provide subjective search from the collection, as no information about context is stored. The existing search engine mostly uses the agent based search then the database based search. The database search is simpler easier but static verses dynamic Web. The work shows how database become dynamic, subjective and search query becomes simpler. The subjective and context based search is necessity of searchingin Digital Library. The user who may be researcher, students, and even common person expect subject or context and need content accessibility precise and subject specific. This paper presents the topic-word specific subjective search using the database approach in digital library, by data mining technique in warehouse.

Sachin yele

2011-03-01

282

The Research Library's Role in Digital Repository Services: Final Report of the ARL Digital Repository Issues Task Force  

Science.gov (United States)

Libraries are making diverse contributions to the development of many types of digital repositories, particularly those housing locally created digital content, including new digital objects or digitized versions of locally held works. In some instances, libraries are managing a repository and its related services entirely on their own, but often…

Association of Research Libraries, 2009

2009-01-01

283

Information retrieval in digital libraries: bringing search to the net.  

Science.gov (United States)

A digital library enables users to interact effectively with information distributed across a network. These network information systems support search and display of items from organized collections. In the historical evolution of digital libraries, the mechanisms for retrieval of scientific literature have been particularly important. Grand visions in 1960 led first to the development of text search, from bibliographic databases to full-text retrieval. Next, research prototypes catalyzed the rise of document search, from multimedia browsing across local-area networks to distributed search on the Internet. By 2010, the visions will be realized, with concept search enabling semantic retrieval across large collections. PMID:8994022

Schatz, B R

1997-01-17

284

Publishing Security Policy of Digital Librarys Sensitive Data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In order to improve the publishing security level of sensitive data of digital librarys virtualization community, this study uses security grouping strategy of graph clustering to group users sensitive data, greatly improves the security of releasing sensitive data. This article first summarized digital librarys application service structure, introduced distribution system of sensitive data simply, detailed analyzed the related definitions of security grouping of the graph clustering and calculation method of generalization information loss, finally got available sensitive data. Experimental results show that anti-attack of sensitive data processed by the policy has been improved significantly, has certain research value.

Hongxia Li

2013-01-01

285

Dealing with metadata quality: the legacy of digital library efforts  

OpenAIRE

In this work, we elaborate on the meaning of metadata quality by surveying efforts and experiences matured in the digital library domain. In particular, an overview of the frameworks developed to characterize such a multi-faceted concept is presented. Moreover, the most common quality-related problems affecting metadata both during the creation and the aggregation phase are discussed together with the approaches, technologies and tools developed to mitigate them. This survey on digital librar...

Tani, Alice; Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella

2013-01-01

286

Construction Digital Library towards Resources Sharing in the ASEAN Countries  

OpenAIRE

In modem society, information resources have become important strategic resources for our survival and development. Sharing information resources is a common aspiration. Document resources sharing is the basis of modem document services, and also the working target of the document workers and the key point is the development of digital resources. The purpose of digital resources development is to use and share library information resources effectively, and ultimately fulfill the Southeast Asi...

Do Thi Thanh Thuy

2014-01-01

287

Discovering Digital Library User Behavior with Google Analytics  

OpenAIRE

Google Analytics has advanced features for tracking search queries, events such as clicking external links or downloading files, which you can use to track user behavior that is normally difficult to track with traditional web logging software. By tracking behavior, you can use Google Analytics API to extract data and integrate it with data from your digital repository to show granular data about individual items. Using this information, digital libraries can learn how users use the site with...

Kirk Hess

2012-01-01

288

Meta-Data Extraction from Bibliographic Documents for Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

This chapter addresses the problem of automatic metadata extraction within digitized documents by retro-conversion techniques. The focus is on bibliographic documents as they are by nature a source of such metadata. They are strongly structuring for a digital library (DL), their automatic recognition presents an obvious interest. However as their origin is very different (references, citations, tables of content, index cards), a generic methodology is proposed for their structure. Based on a ...

Belai?d, Abdel; Besagni, Dominique

2007-01-01

289

The National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program; Metadata Principles and Practicalities; Challenges for Service Providers when Importing Metadata in Digital Libraries; Integrated and Aggregated Reference Services.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes 6 articles that discuss the National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program at the Library of Congress; metadata in digital libraries; integrated reference services on the Web. (LRW)

Friedlander, Amy; Duval, Erik; Hodgins, Wayne; Sutton, Stuart; Weibel, Stuart L.; McClelland, Marilyn; McArthur, David; Giersch, Sarah; Geisler, Gary; Hodgkin, Adam

2002-01-01

290

Relevance of Data Mining in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data mining involves significant process ofidentifying the extraction of hidden predictive informationfrom vast array of databases and it is an authoritative newtechnology with potentiality to facilitate the Libraries andInformation Centers to focus on the most importantinformation in their data warehouses. It is a viable tool topredict future trends and behaviors in the field of library andinformation service for deducing proactive, knowledge-drivendecisions. Mechanized, prospective analyses of data miningmove beyond the analyses of past events provided byretrospective tools typical of decision support systems. DataMining, Process of Data Mining, Knowledge Discovery inDatabases, DBMS, Data Mining Techniques etc. etc. havebeen discussed in this paper.

R. N. Mishra

2013-02-01

291

Exploring education for digital librarians meaning, modes and models  

CERN Document Server

Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b

Myburgh, Sue

2013-01-01

292

El mundo matemático digital: el proyecto WDML (World Digital Mathematics Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We describe the digitization process of the mathematical literature in the framework of the projects WDML and DML-E.Describimos el proceso de digitalización de la literatura matemática de investigación en el marco del proyecto WDML (World Digital Mathematics Library y del proyecto español DML-E.

Macías Virgós, Enrique

2007-06-01

293

The Indonesian Digital Library Network Is Born To Struggle with the Digital Divide.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the Indonesian Digital Library Network that is designed to develop Indonesia as a knowledge-based society. Highlights include the digital divide; problems in a developing country, including Internet accessibility, bandwidth capacity, and network delays; gathering information about national assets; information infrastructure; data…

Fahmi, Ismail

2002-01-01

294

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

OpenAIRE

Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30) and the other of Variations2 (n=12). Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2...

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

295

Co-Authorship Networks in the Digital Library Research Community  

CERN Document Server

The field of digital libraries (DLs) coalesced in 1994: the first digital library conferences were held that year, awareness of the World Wide Web was accelerating, and the National Science Foundation awarded $24 Million (U.S.) for the Digital Library Initiative (DLI). In this paper we examine the state of the DL domain after a decade of activity by applying social network analysis to the co-authorship network of the past ACM, IEEE, and joint ACM/IEEE digital library conferences. We base our analysis on a common binary undirectional network model to represent the co-authorship network, and from it we extract several established network measures. We also introduce a weighted directional network model to represent the co-authorship network, for which we define $AuthorRank$ as an indicator of the impact of an individual author in the network. The results are validated against conference program committee members in the same period. The results show clear advantages of PageRank and AuthorRank over degree, closene...

Liu, X; Nelson, M L; Van de Sompel, Herbert; Liu, Xiaoming; Bollen, Johan; Nelson, Michael L.; Sompel, Herbert Van de

2005-01-01

296

Digital Libraries, Conceptual Knowledge Systems, and the Nebula Interface  

CERN Document Server

Concept Analysis provides a principled approach to effective management of wide area information systems, such as the Nebula File System and Interface. This not only offers evidence to support the assertion that a digital library is a bounded collection of incommensurate information sources in a logical space, but also sheds light on techniques for collaboration through coordinated access to the shared organization of knowledge.

Kent, Robert E

2011-01-01

297

Fact or Fiction? Libraries Can Thrive in the Digital Age  

Science.gov (United States)

Today's school library uses an increasing number of digital resources to supplement a print collection that is moving more toward fiction and literary non-fiction. Supplemental resources, including streaming video, online resources, subscription databases, audiobooks, e-books, and even games, round out the new collections. Despite the best…

Harris, Christopher

2014-01-01

298

Design of a Digital Library for Human Movement.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper is focused on a central aspect in the design of a planned digital library for human movement, i.e. on the aspect of representation and recognition of human activity from video data. The method of representation is important since it has a major impact on the design of all the other building blocks of the system such as the user…

Ben-Arie, Jezekiel; Pandit, Purvin; Rajaram, ShyamSundar

299

Grants for Libraries & Information Services. 2012 Digital Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication is only available as a downloadable file. See who's giving and getting grants in your field. Strengthen your search for funds with the Foundation Center's digital edition of "Grants for Libraries & Information Services." This new "Grant Guide" reveals the scope of current foundation giving in the field. You'll find descriptions of…

Foundation Center, 2011

2011-01-01

300

Imagining the Digital Library in a Commercialized Internet.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital library planning in light of Internet commerce and technological innovation in marketing and customer relations that are transforming user expectations about Web sites that offer products and services. Topics include user self-sufficiency; personalized service; artificial intelligence; collaborative filtering; and electronic…

Heckart, Ronald J.

1999-01-01

301

Project Ethnography: An Anthropological Approach To Assessing Digital Library Services.  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggests that in digital library services assessment, anthropology can provide the initial understanding, the intellectual basis, on which informed choices about sample population, survey design, or focus group selection can reasonably be made. Analyzes the National Gallery of the Spoken Word (NGSW). Includes brief descriptions of nine NGSW…

Seadle, Michael

2000-01-01

302

ETRDL: a Digital Library Infrastructure for academic self-publishing  

OpenAIRE

The presentation aims at illustrating the ETRDL system developed to facilitate moving from the current centralised, discrete publishing model, to a distributed, continuous, self-publishing model. ETRDL offers a full range of digital library services including paper submission, indexing, searching, browsing and administration.

Biagioni, Stefania; Carlesi, Carlo

2003-01-01

303

An Integrated System for Managing the Andalusian Parliament's Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the reorganisation of the Andalusian Parliament's digital library to improve the electronic representation and access of its official corpus by taking advantage of a document's internal organisation. Video recordings of the parliamentary sessions have also been integrated with their…

de Campos, Luis M.; Fernandez-Luna, Juan M.; Huete, Juan F.; Martin-Dancausa, Carlos J.; Tagua-Jimenez, Antonio; Tur-Vigil, Carmen

2009-01-01

304

Three-Dimensional Extension of a Digital Library Service System  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The paper aims to provide an overall methodology and case study for the innovation and extension of a digital library, especially the service system. Design/methodology/approach: Based on the three-dimensional structure theory of the information service industry, this paper combines a comprehensive analysis with the practical experiences…

Xiao, Long

2010-01-01

305

United States Military Academy Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The United States Military Academy Library is the oldest federal library in the United States. Recently, they have placed hundreds of rare items online on their very well-organized site. The site includes over twenty thematic collections, and visitors can also browse the collection by document type, such as books, manuscripts, maps, and photographs. There are some real gems here including an eighteen-minute silent movie on Army football, a collection of college yearbooks from the academy (the yearbook is appropriately named the "Howitzer"), and audio lectures from the West Point Distinguished Lecture Series. Finally, the site also includes 40 Civil War maps and a 21-minute film titled, "The MacArthur Story".

306

Bridging the Gap: A Conceptual Model of the Access of Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

This paper proposes a general conceptual model for the access of digital libraries based on relevant research in information retrieval, information seeking and foraging, and activity based design theory. The authors reveal that a gap exists in current digital library design practices in which a digital library is disconnected from its targeted user community. Search engines have disintermediated many digital library interfaces and their related evaluation and usability efforts....

Pan, Bing School Of Business And Economics; Hembrooke, Helene Human-computer Interaction Group; Gay, Geri Human-computer Interaction Group; Gonsalves, Gerald C. School Of Business And Economics

2006-01-01

307

Lost in the Cloud: Research Library Collections and Community in the Digital Age  

OpenAIRE

Digital technologies, renewed attention to the purposes of higher education, and changing models for scholarship and learning challenge our historic understandings of research libraries and their collections. Common assumptions and goals are giving way to diverse local agendas, many of which also reflect increasingly limited budgets. Cooperative ventures are taking new forms as well, with straitened resources again the rule. Our adaptation to this uncertain environment requires research libra...

Hazen, Dan C.

2011-01-01

308

Delivering Digital Data into the Library: The Digimap Project and its Impact on the Map Room– the Bodleian Library Experience  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper will consider the Digimap Project – its introduction into the Bodleian Library, how it has evolved, and how digital data’s arrival in the Library might influence future developments.

Nick Millea

1999-04-01

309

Using Amazon S3 in Digital Preservation in a mid sized academic library: A case study of CCSU ERIS digital archive system  

OpenAIRE

With the increasing numbers of born digital and digitized objects in academic libraries from sources such as digital collections and institutional repositories many academic libraries need to seriously consider implementing some form of digital preservation system. In 2009 the Central Connecticut State University Library decided to use Amazon S3 for digital preservation storage despite some drawbacks. The library has developed a system, ERIS Digital Archive, to manage all digital preservation...

Edward Iglesias; Wittawat Meesangnil

2010-01-01

310

PECULIARITIES OF FUNCTIONING OF SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL LIBRARIES ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article considers principle issues of electronic libraries creation, it analyzes common definitions of "electronic library" notion and assigns the advantages of them over the traditional libraries. In course of study of electronic libraries functioning features the purpose of their creation, their attributes and functional resources were reviewed. The sphere of scientific and educational electronic libraries implementation is disclosed and certain types of documents attributable to educational electronic libraries are defined.? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????, ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? "?????????? ??????????" ?? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ??? ????????????. ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????. ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?????????, ??????????? ?? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????????. ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????. ? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??????????.

Natalia S. Prilutska

2011-05-01

311

Digital Mathematics Libraries: The Good, the Bad, the Ugly  

CERN Document Server

The idea of a World digital mathematics library (DML) has been around since the turn of the 21th century. We feel that it is time to make it a reality, starting in a modest way from successful bricks that have already been built, but with an ambitious goal in mind. After a brief historical overview of publishing mathematics, an estimate of the size and a characterisation of the bulk of documents to be included in the DML, we turn to proposing a model for a Reference Digital Mathematics Library--a network of institutions where the digital documents would be physically archived. This pattern based rather on the bottom-up strategy seems to be more practicable and consistent with the digital nature of the DML. After describing the model we summarise what can and should be done in order to accomplish the vision. The current state of some of the local libraries that could contribute to the global views are described with more details.

Bouche, Thierry

2010-01-01

312

IEEE Xplore digital library [electronic resource].  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The content in IEEE Xplore comprises over 160 journals, over 1,200 conference proceedings, more than 3,800 technical standards, over 1,000 eBooks and over 300 educational courses. Approximately 25,000 new documents are added to IEEE Xplore each month.

313

Open Access, Open Source and Digital Libraries: A Current Trend in University Libraries around the World  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the open access and open source movement in the digital library world. Design/methodology/approach: A review of key developments in the open access and open source movement is provided. Findings: Open source software and open access to research findings are of great use to scholars in developing…

Krishnamurthy, M.

2008-01-01

314

Reflective teaching, effective learning instructional literacy for library educators  

CERN Document Server

Char Booth, an avid library education and technology advocate, introduces a series of concepts that will empower readers at any level of experience to become better designers and presenters, as well as building their confidence and satisfaction as library educators

Booth, Char

2011-01-01

315

From Laboratory to Library: The History of Wayne State University's Education Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Education Library at Wayne State University has a long and storied history. From its beginning at the Detroit Normal School to its final merger with the general library, the Education Library has been at the heart of not only Wayne State University, but also in the development of the College of Education. This paper chronicles the history of…

Alteri, Suzan A.

2009-01-01

316

Discovering Digital Library User Behavior with Google Analytics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Google Analytics has advanced features for tracking search queries, events such as clicking external links or downloading files, which you can use to track user behavior that is normally difficult to track with traditional web logging software. By tracking behavior, you can use Google Analytics API to extract data and integrate it with data from your digital repository to show granular data about individual items. Using this information, digital libraries can learn how users use the site without extensive HCI studies, and can use this information to improve the user experience.

Kirk Hess

2012-06-01

317

Invenio: A Modern Digital Library System for Grey Literature  

OpenAIRE

Invenio is an integrated digital library system originally developed at CERN to run the CERN Document Server, currently one of the largest institutional repositories worldwide. It was started over 15 years ago and has been matured through many release cycles. Invenio is a GPL2 Open Source project based on an Apache/WSGI+Python+MySQL architecture. Its modular design enables it to serve a wide variety of usages, from a multimedia digital object repository, to a web journal, to a fully functiona...

Caffaro, Jerome; Kaplun, Samuele; Greynet, Grey Literature Network Service

2010-01-01

318

A Digital Library for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe the digital library (DL) for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the NACA Technical Report Server (NACATRS). The predecessor organization for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), NACA existed from 1915 until 1958. The primary manifestation of NACA's research was the NACA report series. We describe the process of converting this collection of reports to digital format and making it available on the World Wide Web (WWW) and is a node in the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS). We describe the current state of the project, the resulting DL technology developed from the project, and the future plans for NACATRS.

Nelson, Michael L.

1999-01-01

319

The Impact of Distance Education on Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Technological advances and the Internet have radically changed the way people learn, live, and grow. In higher education, libraries have been challenged to look at how to serve people not only locally but at a distance. At Asbury Theological Seminary these changes have revolved around three issues: providing the same resources online, information literacy, and the importance of collaboration.

Kenneth A Boyd

2009-05-01

320

The Impact of Distance Education on Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Technological advances and the Internet have radically changed the way people learn, live, and grow. In higher education, libraries have been challenged to look at how to serve people not only locally but at a distance. At Asbury Theological Seminary these changes have revolved around three issues: providing the same resources online, information literacy, and the importance of collaboration.

Boyd, Kenneth A.

2009-01-01

321

Natural language information retrieval in digital libraries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this paper we report on some recent developments in joint NYU and GE natural language information retrieval system. The main characteristic of this system is the use of advanced natural language processing to enhance the effectiveness of term-based document retrieval. The system is designed around a traditional statistical backbone consisting of the indexer module, which builds inverted index files from pre-processed documents, and a retrieval engine which searches and ranks the documents in response to user queries. Natural language processing is used to (1) preprocess the documents in order to extract content-carrying terms, (2) discover inter-term dependencies and build a conceptual hierarchy specific to the database domain, and (3) process user`s natural language requests into effective search queries. This system has been used in NIST-sponsored Text Retrieval Conferences (TREC), where we worked with approximately 3.3 GBytes of text articles including material from the Wall Street Journal, the Associated Press newswire, the Federal Register, Ziff Communications`s Computer Library, Department of Energy abstracts, U.S. Patents and the San Jose Mercury News, totaling more than 500 million words of English. The system have been designed to facilitate its scalability to deal with ever increasing amounts of data. In particular, a randomized index-splitting mechanism has been installed which allows the system to create a number of smaller indexes that can be independently and efficiently searched.

Strzalkowski, T. [GE Corporate Research & Development, Schenectady, NY (United States); Perez-Carballo, J. [Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Marinescu, M. [New York Univ., NY (United States)

1996-12-31

322

Multi-lingual Information Retrieval in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the advancements of the Internet and the Digital Library Initiatives in the U.S.A., the research of digital library has been flourished around the world. Recently the increasing availability of networked access to multilingual text collections within such an environment has drawn much attention in the development of cross-language retrieval technology. This article is used to structure a comprehensive discussion of published research and known commercial practice in the western world on the topic. In addition to the focus on the characteristics of Chinese text collections, some brief observations of the potential for multilingual information retrieval are also discussed in details.[Article content in Chinese

Hsiao-Tieh Pu

1997-12-01

323

NDLTD: Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at Virginia Tech, one of the first universities to require students to develop and submit electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), the NDLTD works internationally to make student research more available to scholars, reduce the cost of submitting and maintaining manuscripts, and advance digital library technology more generally. At the homepage, users will find a number of resources and news items regarding these efforts. The project's digital library provides access to the full text (most in .pdf format) of a large number of ETDs via the list of University Nodes and related sites. Most of the linked sites allow users to both browse and search for dissertations. Users can also try a working prototype of a federated search engine that performs parallel queries across several dozen search sites provided by participants in the project. Please note that some ETDs are only available to campus users.

324

Capturing and Analyzing User Behavior in Large Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

The size of digital libraries is increasing, making navigation and access to information more challenging. Improving the system by observing the users’ activities can help at providing better services to users of very large digital libraries. In this paper we explain how the Invenio open-source software, used by the CERN Document Server (CDS) allows fine grained logging of user behavior. In the first phase, the sequence of actions performed by users of CDS is captured, while in the second phase statistical data is calculated offline. This paper explains these two steps and the results. Although the analyzed system focuses on the high energy physics literature, the process could be applicable to other scientific communities, with and international, large user base.

Gvianishvili, Giorgi; Šimko, Tibor; Caffaro, Jérôme; Marian, Ludmila; Kaplun, Samuele; Chan, Belinda; Rajman, Martin

2010-01-01

325

The Application of ElGamal Encryption Technology to the Information Security of Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

????Nowadays, the construction and application of digital library leads a new era of the way people obtain knowledge and information, and promotes the academic exchanges and social progress. Digital library, however, also involves great risk, hacker attacks become the main threat of the information security of digital library, and may probably cause the loss and damage of the information resources in library. This article mainly introduces the advantages and the potential safety hazar...

Zhang Fu jun

2013-01-01

326

Interoperability of Web Archives and Digital Libraries : A Delphi Study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The interoperability of web archives and digital libraries is crucial to avoid silos of preserved data and content. While various researches focus on specfic facets of the challenge to interoperate, there is a lack of empirical work about the overall situation of actual challenges. We conduct a Delphi study to survey and reveal the insights of experts in the field. Results of our study are presented in this paper to enhance further research and development efforts for interoperability.

Kalb, Hendrik; Lazaridou, Paraskevi

2013-01-01

327

Building large heterogeneous interconnected digital library infrastructures: the interoperability challenge  

OpenAIRE

Interoperability is a multi-layered and context-specific concept, crucial when building heterogeneous interconnected Digital Library infrastructures. It encompasses different levels along a multidimensional spectrum. Two key problems hinder the achievement of interoperability: (i) the heterogeneity of the exchanged information which covers all types of syntactic, structural, and semantic diversities among systems used to modelling information and (ii) the inconsistency between the use of the ...

Thanos, Costantino; Castelli, Donatella; Candela, Leonardo

2010-01-01

328

PhysiomeSpace: digital library service for biomedical data  

OpenAIRE

Every research laboratory has a wealth of biomedical data locked up, which, if shared with other experts, could dramatically improve biomedical and healthcare research. With the PhysiomeSpace service, it is now possible with a few clicks to share with selected users biomedical data in an easy, controlled and safe way. The digital library service is managed using a client–server approach. The client application is used to import, fuse and enrich the data information according to the Physiome...

Testi, Debora; Quadrani, Paolo; Viceconti, Marco

2010-01-01

329

Survey of research libraries on aggregation of digital content  

OpenAIRE

This presentation summarises the results of a survey of Europe’s research libraries concerning their opportunities for and attitudes to digital content aggregation, specifically by aggregation services capable of feeding Europeana. The survey was carried out as Task 3.4 of the EuropeanaTravel Project. The survey was prepared with input from Europeana, LIBER and the EuropeanaTravel management team. The intentions were to provide a snapshot of aggregation attitudes and activity ac...

Sadler, K.

2010-01-01

330

Exchangeable Multimedia Framework for Digital Library in Medicine  

OpenAIRE

We have developed a multimedia framework to manage a medical information database. The system is operated through the Internet and the information is presented in a form of digital museum or library1. The multimedia framework has the capability of exchanging, storing/retrieving, presenting and managing large amount of medical multimedia. To achieve the challenges described above, the framework was designed to be composed of three parts: the presentation module, the module of metadata descript...

Chen, Bing-hao; Hsu, Chien-yeh; Lin, Ming-chin; Li, Yu-chuan

2002-01-01

331

Enhancing Invenio Digital Library With An External Relevance Ranking Engine  

OpenAIRE

Invenio is a comprehensive web-based free digital library software suite originally developed at CERN. In order to improve its information retrieval and word similarity ranking capabilities, the goal of this thesis is to enhance Invenio by bridging it with modern external information retrieval systems. In the first part a comparison of various information retrieval systems such as Solr and Xapian is made. In the second part a system-independent bridge for word similarity ran...

Glauner, Patrick O.

2012-01-01

332

Fractal Analysis of Knowledge Organization in Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Visualization of the large-scale collections of information became one of the essential purpose in data analysis. The new methods of visualization are increasingly applied as a significant component in scientific research. Particularly qualitative nature of Infoviz studies (Information visualization) can be combined with quantitative character of digital libraries volumes. This paper describes and demonstrates the case of hierarchical structure visualization i.e. visual re...

Osin?ska, Veslava

2011-01-01

333

A main path domain map as digital library interface  

Science.gov (United States)

The shift to electronic publishing of scientific journals is an opportunity for the digital library to provide non-traditional ways of accessing the literature. One method is to use citation metadata drawn from a collection of electronic journals to generate maps of science. These maps visualize the communication patterns in the collection, giving the user an easy-tograsp view of the semantic structure underlying the scientific literature. For this visualization to be understandable the complexity of the citation network must be reduced through an algorithm. This paper describes the Citation Pathfinder application and its integration into a prototype digital library. This application generates small-scale citation networks that expand upon the search results of the digital library. These domain maps are linked to the collection, creating an interface that is based on the communication patterns in science. The Main Path Analysis technique is employed to simplify these networks into linear, sequential structures. By identifying patterns that characterize the evolution of the research field, Citation Pathfinder uses citations to give users a deeper understanding of the scientific literature.

Demaine, Jeffrey

2009-01-01

334

Military Education and Research Library Network  

Science.gov (United States)

The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.

335

Information Seeking Behaviours of Business Students and the Development of Academic Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives ? To gain insight into the extent to which user information?seeking behaviours should inform the design and development of Digital Libraries in an academic setting, a study was carried out at Dalhousie University, Canada to explore the information?seeking behaviours of business students.Methods ? The students studied were drawn from the School of Business Administration at Dalhousie University, Canada. The study was based on qualitative and quantitative data collected through a survey, in?depth semi?structured interviews, observational study and document analysis. Qualitative case study data was coded using QSR N6 qualitative data analysis software. The data was categorized using Atkinson’s “Model of BusinessInformation Users’ Expectations” and Renda and Straccia‘s personalized collaborative DL model. Atkinson’s model defines the expectations of business students in terms of cost, time,effort required, pleasure and the avoidance of pain. Renda and Straccia’s model of a personalized and collaborative digital library centres around three concepts: actors, objects, and functionality. The survey data was analysed using the Zoomerang software.Results ? The study results revealed that students tend to select resources based on cost(free or for fee, accessibility, ease of use, speed of delivery (of results, and convenience. The results showed that similar to Atkinson’s findings, the business students’ information seeking behaviour is influenced by the concepts of cost?benefit and break?even analyses that underlie business education. Concerning speed of delivery and convenience, the organization of the resources was paramount. Students preferred user?defined resource lists, alert services, and expert?created business resource collections. When asked about the usefulness of potential digital library functionalities, students valued a personalized user interface and communal virtual spaces to share information and communicate in real?time with their peers.Conclusion ? This study reveals that when digital libraries are developed, user behaviours and needs should be taken into consideration. It demonstrates that the activity as well as the “user’s orientation and motivation” (here the business student training can directly influence the design and use of a digital tool. In other words, this study confirms a new typology of a business digital information user or use behaviour, one that requires the building of dedicated accredited library research systems. Providing information and information tools tailored to this specific audience is more likely to increase the appeal and use of an academic business digital library.

Kelli WooShue

2006-12-01

336

Metadata issues in Digital Libraries: key concepts and perspectives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article sets out to investigate the meaning, role and implications of some information management approaches used in Digital Library practice. A greater focus on innovation in managing online resources and on improving their interoperability can be achieved by normalizing metadata schemas through interoperable standards, world-wide accepted controlled vocabularies as well as by their enrichment through qualitatively constructed ontologies and linked data, which are key to the expansion of the semantic reasoning on the web through building and connection of additional semantic layers on top of metadata descriptions. Reviewing some innovative methods of information representation (LODe-BD, SWAP, the paper tries to lead the reader to discover some new ways of knowledge creation in digital information environment, in particular what concerns digital bibliographic records.

Iryna Solodovnik

2011-12-01

337

California Digital Library: A Co-library of the Campuses of the University of California  

Science.gov (United States)

On January 20, 1999, the California Digital Library (CDL) opened its "digital doors" through which users can access the online library catalogs of the University of California system, as well as an array of digital resources such as indexes and databases, electronic journals and texts, archival finding aids, and digitized photographs and images. The CDL is intended primarily for University of California users, but many resources are freely available to any who enter. Users who access the site from another large university may have an easier time, since their campus might also be a participant in various electronic journal licensing agreements, such as MUSE and JSTOR. For example, browsing by arts & humanities as subject and electronic journals as format retrieved a list of 35 journals, many available in full-text, with a warning that if a user cannot access the text, his or her campus may not subscribe to the journal. CDL also provides access to the Online Archive of California, a searchable online union database of finding aids for archival collections from archives and special collections departments in over two dozen California institutions such as Stanford, the California Historical Society, and the California State library. Many of the finding aids in the Online Archive of California link to images and texts.

338

Kujawsko-Pomorska Digital Library (KPBC – kpbc.umk.pl): the pragmatics of creating a digital library  

OpenAIRE

The article talks about developing a practical model for creating a digital library, which is still quite an experimental activity in Poland. Based on her team’s experiences in creating the KPBC, the author discusses steps to project planning and completion, such as, defining project components, objectives, foundation, team management issues and criteria for team selection. Furthermore, the author deals with planning and supervision of work processes, provides an outline of reco...

Bednarek-michalska, Boz?ena

2006-01-01

339

Digital Libraries in Nigeria in the Era of Global Change: A Perspective of the Major Challenges  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The world is witnessing a rapid and progressive transformation as a result of IT revolution, which has predominated all aspects of societal development. One of such transformations has manifested in the form of digital libraries. The evolution of digital libraries has ensured the emergence of global networked environment that has dramatically changed the face of libraries, their functions, services as well as their storage and delivery systems. In this perspective, the paper examines the status of digital libraries in Nigeria. It also analyzes the Nigerian information environment within the context of an escalating situation in terms of funding, infrastructure, and ICT policy. The paper concludes that if digital libraries in Nigeria are to survive, drastic and progressive action needs to be taken to overcome some the aforementioned issues. Governments and sponsoring bodies of libraries must provide all the necessary funding and support for library development especially the digital libraries.

Bappah Magaji Abubakar Abubakar

2010-12-01

340

A Survey of the Usability of Digital Reference Services on Academic Health Science Library Web Sites  

Science.gov (United States)

Reference interactions with patrons in a digital library environment using digital reference services (DRS) has become widespread. However, such services in many libraries appear to be underutilized. A study surveying the ease and convenience of such services for patrons in over 100 academic health science library Web sites suggests that…

Dee, Cheryl; Allen, Maryellen

2006-01-01

341

The International Children's Digital Library: Increasing Children's Access to Books through Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

The International Children's Digital Library (ICDL) began as a research project funded primarily by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Institute for Museum and Library Services (IMLS), and Microsoft Research and creates a digital library of outstanding children's books from all over the world (http://www. childrenslibrary.org). The project…

Weeks, Ann Carlson

2007-01-01

342

Automated Categorization Scheme for Digital Libraries in Distance Learning: A Pattern Recognition Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries play a crucial role in distance learning. Nowadays, they are one of the fundamental information sources for the students enrolled in this learning system. These libraries contain huge amount of instructional data (text, audio and video) offered by the distance learning program. Organization of the digital libraries is…

Gunal, Serkan

2008-01-01

343

Library+  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses possible future directions for academic libraries in the post Web/Library 2.0 world. These possible directions include areas such as data literacy, linked data sets, and opportunities for libraries in support of digital humanities. The author provides a brief sketch of the background information regarding the topics and…

Merrill, Alex

2011-01-01

344

Mass Digitization at Yale University Library: Exposing the Treasures in Our Stacks  

Science.gov (United States)

In September 2007, Yale University Library (YUL) and Microsoft agreed to partner in a large-scale project to digitize 100,000 books from the YUL collections--an ambitious effort that would substantially increase the library's digitized holdings, particularly in the area of its own text collections. YUL has been digitizing materials from its…

Weintraub, Jennifer; Wisner, Melissa

2008-01-01

345

The Making of America II Testbed Project: A Digital Library Service Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Making of America (MoA) Testbed Project, coordinated by the Digital Library Federation, is a multi-phase endeavor. Its purpose is to investigate important issues in the creation of an integrated but distributed digital library of archival materials (i.e., digitized surrogates of primary source materials found in archives and special…

Hurley, Bernard J.; Price-Wilkin, John; Proffitt, Merrilee; Besser, Howard

346

High Res at High Speed: Automated Delivery of High-Resolution Images from Digital Library Collections  

Science.gov (United States)

As primary source materials in the library are digitized and made available online, the focus of related library services is shifting to include new and innovative methods of digital delivery via social media, digital storytelling, and community-based and consortial image repositories. Most images on the Web are not of sufficient quality for most…

Westbrook, R. Niccole; Watkins, Sean

2012-01-01

347

Use of OsiriX in developing a digital radiology teaching library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Widespread adoption of digital imaging in clinical practice and for the image-based examinations of the Royal College of Radiologists has created a desire to provide a digital radiology teaching library in many hospital departments around the UK. This article describes our experience of using OsiriX software in developing digital radiology teaching libraries. PMID:24880758

Shamshuddin, S; Matthews, H R

2014-10-01

348

PhysiomeSpace: digital library service for biomedical data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Every research laboratory has a wealth of biomedical data locked up, which, if shared with other experts, could dramatically improve biomedical and healthcare research. With the PhysiomeSpace service, it is now possible with a few clicks to share with selected users biomedical data in an easy, controlled and safe way. The digital library service is managed using a client-server approach. The client application is used to import, fuse and enrich the data information according to the PhysiomeSpace resource ontology and upload/download the data to the library. The server services are hosted on the Biomed Town community portal, where through a web interface, the user can complete the metadata curation and share and/or publish the data resources. A search service capitalizes on the domain ontology and on the enrichment of metadata for each resource, providing a powerful discovery environment. Once the users have found the data resources they are interested in, they can add them to their basket, following a metaphor popular in e-commerce web sites. When all the necessary resources have been selected, the user can download the basket contents into the client application. The digital library service is now in beta and open to the biomedical research community. PMID:20478910

Testi, Debora; Quadrani, Paolo; Viceconti, Marco

2010-06-28

349

ROLE OF LIBRARIES AND LIS PROFESSIONALS ON OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES IN MODERN INFORMATION ERA  

OpenAIRE

In modern information era information technologies are rapidly change in all aspects. Now the digital resources are readily available from many sources and those contents are available by the teachers and learners through the internet. For that reason a movement aims to encourage and enable sharing content freely called Open Educational Resources. There are a number of libraries and library consortiums that have taken the forefoot in producing resources for all. Librarians, whose ranks are fi...

PAYEL BISWAS; SAIKAT GOSWAMI

2011-01-01

350

Ghanaian Library and Information Science Professionals’ Conceptions of Digital Libraries :A phenomenographic study  

OpenAIRE

Digital libraries (DLs) have received much attention from many institutions and countries in recent times. Discussions on the concept are concentrated in the advanced world. Contribution to the discussion on DLs from developing countries is very insignificant. The concept of DLs has been given different definitions. This is because professionals perceive it differently from their various professional viewpoints. Inadequate technological advancement is a problem in developing countries includi...

Boamah, Eric

2009-01-01

351

Web Information Seeking and Retrieval in Digital Library Contexts: Towards an Intelligent Agent Solution.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the role of intelligent agents in facilitating the seeking and retrieval of information in Web-based library environments. Highlights include an overview of agents; current applications in library domains; an agent-based model for libraries; the design of interface agents; and implications for library policy and digital collections.…

Detlor, Brian; Arsenault, Clement

2002-01-01

352

Historical Air Photo Digitization Project University of Waterloo Map Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The University Map Library (UML at the University of Waterloo developed an onlinecollection of digitized and georeferenced aerial photography of the Kitchener-Waterlooarea from the 1930s and 1940s. Using GIS technology, the air photos were digitizedwith geographical coordinate tags for use in GIS software programs including onlinemapping applications such as Google Earth (GE. By creating and offeringdownloadable georeferenced images compatible with popular mapping tools, the airphotos have gained significant popularity and utilization by not only regular library usersbut by community groups, organizations and corporations who have never used libraryresources before. The integration of modern technology with traditional paper mappinghas proven to be both a method of preservation and a means of increasing and varyingutilization of the collection.

Eva Dodsworth

2008-12-01

353

Adding a local node to a global georeferenced digital library : A local administrator?s revelations  

OpenAIRE

Global digital libraries depend on the cooperation between many independent/autonomous organizations. The configuration of the local sub-systems in a global distributed digital library depends both on the requirements from the global system as well as from the local environments. The local administrators in the different organizations play a crucial and often neglected role in spreading global distributed digital libraries. The main goal of this thesis has been to add an operational local no...

Dragland, Kai Torgeir

2005-01-01

354

A Peer-to-Peer Architecture for Information Retrieval Across Digital Library Collections  

OpenAIRE

Peer-to-peer networks have been identified as promising architectural concepts for developing attractive search scenarios across digital library collections. Digital libraries typically offer sophisticated search over their local content, however, search methods involving a network of such stand-alone components are currently quite limited. We present an architecture for highly-efficient search over digital library collections based on structured P2P networks. As the standard single-term inde...

Podnar, Ivana; Luu, Toan; Rajman, Martin; Klemm, Fabius; Aberer, Karl

2006-01-01

355

Digital Libraries and Portals Saving National Cultural Heritage (IMI–BAS Experience)  

OpenAIRE

The current research activities of the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMI—BAS) include the study and application of knowledge-based methods for the creation, integration and development of multimedia digital libraries with applications in cultural heritage. This report presents IMI-BAS’s developments at the digital library management systems and portals, i.e. the Bulgarian Iconographical Digital Library, the Bulgarian Folkl...

Pavlov, Radoslav; Paneva-marinova, Desislava

2011-01-01

356

A Quantum Leap : Innovation in the Evolving Digital Library  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is an honor to give the Lazerow lecture tonight and to discuss digital library developments from the perspective of working at a national laboratory. Tonight I would like to consider what lies ahead given the evolution in scientific research, how that impacts the development of digital libraries, and finally, look at some of the challenges ahead of us. I'm particularly interested in giving this talk tonight because it provides an opportunity to talk to those of you who are students. You represent the next generation of professionals who will to confront some of the challenges I will outline tonight, as well as those of you who are the mentors and teachers of the next generation. The two roles are pivotal in terms of the challenges on the horizon. Most of you are familiar with the information literacy challenges we face as a nation. As the library director of a national laboratory's science library, I am also acutely aware that we also have a real problem with the lack of scientific literacy within the general population in this country and it has a corresponding impact on decision-making in a technological society. Those of us engaged in supporting scientific research, or just generally interested, should be concerned about this fact because science and technology are at the foundation of our success as a nation in the 20th Century. For our nation to continue to be successful in the 21st Century, we will need to improve on the state of scientific literacy.

Luce, R. E. (Richard E.)

2002-01-01

357

El servicio de referencia en la biblioteca digital Reference service in the digital library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El servicio de referencia se muestra como uno de los servicios más importantes de la biblioteca digital. A grosso modo, se presenta en el artículo un bosquejo histórico del surgimiento del servicio, su concepto y sus características, así como la aparición de dicha práctica, pero ahora inmersa en un nuevo ambiente -el digital- y puntualizamos las características de este fenómeno.The reference service comes to light as one of the most important practices of the digital library. Essentially, the paper draws a historical sketch about the emergence of the service, its conceptualization and its characteristics, as well as the advent of this practice, but now immersed in a new environment_ the digital. We intend to show the characteristics of this phenomenon.

Georgina Araceli Torres Vargas

2005-12-01

358

El servicio de referencia en la biblioteca digital / Reference service in the digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El servicio de referencia se muestra como uno de los servicios más importantes de la biblioteca digital. A grosso modo, se presenta en el artículo un bosquejo histórico del surgimiento del servicio, su concepto y sus características, así como la aparición de dicha práctica, pero ahora inmersa en un [...] nuevo ambiente -el digital- y puntualizamos las características de este fenómeno. Abstract in english The reference service comes to light as one of the most important practices of the digital library. Essentially, the paper draws a historical sketch about the emergence of the service, its conceptualization and its characteristics, as well as the advent of this practice, but now immersed in a new en [...] vironment_ the digital. We intend to show the characteristics of this phenomenon.

Georgina Araceli, Torres Vargas; María Del Rocío, Sánchez Avillaneda.

2005-12-01

359

Evaluating overall usage of a digital health sciences library.  

OpenAIRE

BACKGROUND: Digital health sciences library (DHSL) evaluation involves studying the usage of the DHSL by individuals as well as populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate trends in overall usage of a DHSL as part of a process of continuous quality improvement in order to learn how to enhance a DHSL in order to meet its users' needs better. METHODS: Web server log file analysis was performed on a prototype DHSL, the Virtual Hospital, using two log file analysis programs on data fro...

D Alessandro, M. P.; D Alessandro, D. M.; Galvin, J. R.; Erkonen, W. E.

1998-01-01

360

Enhancing Invenio Digital Library With An External Relevance Ranking Engine  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is a comprehensive web-based free digital library software suite originally developed at CERN. In order to improve its information retrieval and word similarity ranking capabilities, the goal of this thesis is to enhance Invenio by bridging it with modern external information retrieval systems. In the first part a comparison of various information retrieval systems such as Solr and Xapian is made. In the second part a system-independent bridge for word similarity ranking is designed and implemented. Subsequently, Solr and Xapian are integrated in Invenio via adapters to the bridge. In the third part scalability tests are performed. Finally, a future outlook is briefly discussed.

Glauner, Patrick Oliver

361

Lyceum: A Multi-Protocol Digital Library Gateway  

Science.gov (United States)

Lyceum is a prototype scalable query gateway that provides a logically central interface to multi-protocol and physically distributed, digital libraries of scientific and technical information. Lyceum processes queries to multiple syntactically distinct search engines used by various distributed information servers from a single logically central interface without modification of the remote search engines. A working prototype (http://www.larc.nasa.gov/lyceum/) demonstrates the capabilities, potentials, and advantages of this type of meta-search engine by providing access to over 50 servers covering over 20 disciplines.

Maa, Ming-Hokng; Nelson, Michael L.; Esler, Sandra L.

1997-01-01

362

Periodical Usage in an Education-Psychology Library  

Science.gov (United States)

A study was conducted of periodical usage at the Education-Psychology Library, Ohio State University. The library's closed reserve system provided circulation data which were analyzed according to currency of usage and usage of specific titles. (Author)

Perk, Lawrence J.; Van Pulis, Noelle

1977-01-01

363

A Survey of Complex Object Technologies for Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Many early web-based digital libraries (DLs) had implicit assumptions reflected in their architecture that the unit of focus in the DL (frequently "reports" or "e-prints") would only be manifested in a single, or at most a few, common file formats such as PDF or PostScript. DLs have now matured to the point where their contents are commonly no longer simple files. Complex objects in DLs have emerged from in response to various requirements, including: simple aggregation of formats and supporting files, bundling additional information to aid digital preservation, creating opaque digital objects for e-commerce applications, and the incorporation of dynamic services with the traditional data files. We examine a representative (but not necessarily exhaustive) number of current and recent historical web-based complex object technologies and projects that are applicable to DLs: Aurora, Buckets, ComMentor, Cryptolopes, Digibox, Document Management Alliance, FEDORA, Kahn-Wilensky Framework Digital Objects, Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard, Multivalent Documents, Open eBooks, VERS Encapsulated Objects, and the Warwick Framework.

Nelson, Michael L.; Argue, Brad; Efron, Miles; Denn, Sheila; Pattuelli, Maria Cristina

2001-01-01

364

Orientation and Functions of Library in Quality Education of College  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Quality education is the core of college education. Libraries are the second class for students due to the extremely important position and function in quality education. Libraries are the best place for cultivating students’ morals, the important front for improving students’ scientific and cultural qualities, and the effective facilities for developing special technological education, serving as favorable conditions for promoting students’ comprehensive qualities. The main idea for libraries strengthening quality education is to build a “people-oriented” management thought, create service equipments and environment with humanism, stick to human service style, and improve the quality of library staff.

Lan Yang

2011-05-01

365

Biblioteca digital: bibliografia das principais fontes de informação / Digital library: a bibliography of major information sources  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Bibliografia internacional anotada sobre as principais fontes de informação lançadas a partir de 2000, relacionadas à biblioteca digital. Os tópicos cobertos são as bibliografias mais recentes, os livros e manuais, os periódicos especializados, os eventos específicos, as listas de discussão, os grup [...] os e centros de pesquisa, os cursos e treinamentos e as principais organizações. Abstract in english International annotated bibliography about the major information sources related to digital library. The topics covered are: most recent bibliographies, books and manuals, specialized journals, specialized conferences, discussion lists, research groups and centers, training courses and major organiz [...] ations.

Murilo Bastos da, Cunha.

2010-04-01

366

From pixels and minds to the mathematical knowledge in a digital library.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Brno : Masarykova univerzita v Brn?, 2008, s. 17-27 ISBN 978-80-210-4658-0. [DML 2008. Towards Digital Mathematics Library . Birmingham (GB), 27.07.2009-27.07.2009] R&D Projects: GA AV ?R 1ET200190513 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : digital mathematics library * retro-digitization * DML-CZ * digitization process Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

Rákosník, Ji?í; Sojka, P.

367

Digital educational resources : the case of Manual Digital II????  

OpenAIRE

The textbook has been a privileged element for teachers, students and parents to support acquisition and construction of knowledge. However, in the information and knowledge society, we are witnessing the introduction, increasingly intense, of technology in the classroom, starting from the early years of schooling. Still worthy of being studied, the supply of digital educational content for primary education, is little known, especially with regard to the quality of existing resources and the...

Barros, Elisabete Passos; Os Rio, Ant Nio Jos; Ramos, Altina; Moreira, Carlos; Gon Alves, Lara

2014-01-01

368

Digital images and art libraries in the twenty-first century  

CERN Document Server

Increase your knowledge of the digital technology that is essential for art librarianship today! Digital Images and Art Libraries in the Twenty-First Century is your key to cutting-edge discourse on digital image databases and art libraries. Just as early photographers tried to capture the world to make it accessible, now information professionals in art libraries and art museums are creating and sharing digital collections to make them broadly accessible. This collection shares the experience and insight of art information managers who have taken advantage of digital technology to exp

Wyngaard, Susan

2013-01-01

369

Using Amazon S3 in Digital Preservation in a mid sized academic library: A case study of CCSU ERIS digital archive system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the increasing numbers of born digital and digitized objects in academic libraries from sources such as digital collections and institutional repositories many academic libraries need to seriously consider implementing some form of digital preservation system. In 2009 the Central Connecticut State University Library decided to use Amazon S3 for digital preservation storage despite some drawbacks. The library has developed a system, ERIS Digital Archive, to manage all digital preservation processes and to make the system as compliant with the OAIS model and "Trustworthy Digital Repositories" as possible.

Edward Iglesias

2010-12-01

370

Effectiveness of caching in a distributed digital library system  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Today independent publishers are offering digital libraries with fulltext archives. In an attempt to provide a single user-interface to a large set of archives, the studied Article-Database-Service offers a consolidated interface to a geographically distributed set of archives. While this approach offers a tremendous functional advantage to a user, the fulltext download delays caused by the network and queuing in servers make the user-perceived interactive performance poor. This paper studies how effective caching of articles at the client level can be achieved as well as at intermediate points as manifested by gateways that implement the interfaces to the many fulltext archives. A central research question in this approach is: What is the nature of locality in the user access stream to such a digital library? Based on access logs that drive the simulations, it is shown that client-side caching can result in a 20% hit rate. Even at the gateway level temporal locality is observable, but published replacement algorithms are unable to exploit this temporal locality. Additionally, spatial locality can be exploited by considering loading into cache all articles in an issue, volume, or journal, if a single article is accessed. But our experiments showed that improvement introduced a lot of overhead. Finally, it is shown that the reason for this cache behavior is the long time distance between re-accesses, which makes caching quite unfeasible.

Hollmann, J.; ArdØ, Anders

2007-01-01

371

Determining the Publication Impact of a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

We attempt to assess the publication impact of a digital library (DL) of aerospace scientific and technical information (STI). The Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS) is a digital library of over 1,400 electronic publications authored by NASA Langley Research Center personnel or contractors and has been available in its current World Wide Web (WWW) form since 1994. In this study, we examine calendar year 1997 usage statistics of LTRS and the Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI), a facility that archives and distributes hard copies of NASA and aerospace information. We also perform a citation analysis on some of the top publications distributed by LTRS. We find that although LTRS distributes over 71,000 copies of publications (compared with an estimated 24,000 copies from CASI), citation analysis indicates that LTRS has almost no measurable publication impact. We discuss the caveats of our investigation, speculate on possible different models of usage facilitated by DLs , and suggest retrieval analysis as a complementary metric to citation analysis. While our investigation failed to establish a relationship between LTRS and increased citations and raises at least as many questions as it answers, we hope it will serve as a invitation to, and guide for, further research in the use of DLs.

Kaplan, Nancy R.; Nelson, Michael L.

2000-01-01

372

Representation of Digital Material preserved in a Library Context  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article explores preservation of digital material in a library context with a focus on logical object modelling that takes both preservation and dissemination into account. The article describes normalisation of data expressed via a logical object model. This logical object model is designed to support the requirements for joint preservation and dissemination. Additionally the article includes a suggestion for a possible implementation that respects the logical object model. Formulation, of the requirements and possible implementation for a logical object model, is based on observation of current trends, as well as results from a research project on preservation strategies for libraries. The research project has been carried out at the Royal Library of Denmark, and it is based on a case study of a 10 year old web application containing the Archive of Danish Literature. The formulated requirements include e.g. requirements for many-to-many migration in preservation and requirements for homogenous navigation and social networking in dissemination. Many of the described observations and results have parallels to other types of material. These parallels are partly described, and thus the results can be used as a contribution to development of systems and strategies for preservation and dissemination in the new decade and beyond.

Zierau, Eld

2010-01-01

373

Growing into the Digital Age: A Small Academic Library Confronts the Practical Challenges of Transition  

OpenAIRE

This paper outlines the recent history of the Benedictine College Library and traces the development of the library’s digital collections since 2006. The librarians have worked to provide an integrated search solution through the EBSCO Discovery Service and streamline off-campus access through EZPROXY. As the library’s electronic resources have grown, we have continued to support its historic core collection in the humanities as well as some unique and eclectic special collections. A rang...

Steven Gromatzky

2014-01-01

374

Mass Digitization at the Complutense University Library: Access to and Preservation of its Cultural Heritage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the mid-1990s, the Library of the Complutense of Madrid (UCM applied the growing body of new technologies to a pioneering project: the digitization of a valuable collection of biomedical books. The result of the project was the Dioscorides Digital Library. Up to 2006, however, the pace of digitization was very slow, resulting in only 3,000 books and 50,000 digitized engravings. In September 2006, the Complutense University and Google signed a partnership agreement for the purpose of carrying out large-scale digitization of our public domain collections. The Complutense University Library is participating in this mass-digitization project with the following goals: To improve the discovery of the cultural heritage of Complutense and increase the number of potential readers; To fulfil its public service mission; To preserve and protect the original books; To enhance students’ and faculty research. By early 2011, the Complutense Library had digitized roughly 120,000 out-of- copyright books from the 16th to the 19th centuries. All these materials are easily accessible via the Complutense Library Catalogue, Google Books and HathiTrust Digital Library. The Complutense University of Madrid joined the HathiTrust Digital Library in November 2010, which allowed books digitized by Google to be stored on HathiTrust servers. The HathiTrust Digital Library is both a digital preservation repository and a platform for access. It provides long-term preservation and access services for public domain and in-copyright content from a variety of sources, including Google, the Internet Archive, Microsoft, and in-house partner institution initiatives. In early 2011, the number of HathiTrust public domain volumes reached the two million mark and the collection exceeded eight million volumes. In addition, and complementing the above, the digital content of the Complutense University Library will be aggregated to Europeana during 2011 and 2012.

José A. Magán

2011-10-01

375

Tecnologia digital em bibliotecas e arquivos / Digital technology in libraries and archives  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo apresenta o processo de digitalização da informação como recurso tecnológico moderno que possibilita a conservação e preservação de materiais informativos em bibliotecas e arquivos. Discute aspectos da adoção da tecnologia digital a serem considerados pelas instituições e salienta a necessi [...] dade de planejamento para sua implementação, que leve em conta o uso e as demandas de informação dos usuários. Abstract in english This paper presents the digital processing of information as a modern technological tool for conservation and preservation of informative materials in libraries and archives. It also includes some ideas on the employment of digital technology to be considered by institutions and points out the need [...] of planning the uses and demands of users.

Ana Maria Rezende, Cabral.

2002-12-01

376

The Library Is Dead, Long Live the Library! The Practice of Academic Librarianship and the Digital Revolution  

Science.gov (United States)

As a direct consequence of the digital revolution, academic libraries today face competition as information providers. Using Richard N. Foster's technology S curves as the analytical model, this article shows that academic libraries are in the midst of discontinuous change by questioning a number of assumptions that support the current practice of…

Ross, Lyman; Sennyey, Pongracz

2008-01-01

377

What Is Digital Humanities and What’s it Doing in the Library?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  tl;dr – Libraries and digital humanities have the same goals. Stop asking if the library has a role, or what it is, and start getting involved in digital projects that are already happening. Advocate for new expanded roles and responsibilities to be able to do this. Become producers/creators in collaboration with scholars rather than servants [...

Micah Vandegrift

2012-06-01

378

An Exploration of the Digital Library and the Organization of Ancient Books  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper explores the digital library and the organization of ancient books. The author first discusses the digitization and organization of ancient books collected in the libraries, and then analyzes the problems encountered in this process. In conclusion, possible future developments are discussed.[Article content in Chinese

Li-jen Ku

1999-12-01

379

Cutting Edge Books: The Impact of Digital Books on Public Library Acquisitions  

Science.gov (United States)

The book has made the transition to the digital age; that much is certain. However, the jury is still out on what form or forms the book of the future will take and how libraries will adapt. This article is a look at the impact of digital books on public library acquisitions, including available formats, purchasing considerations, functional…

Taylor, Lisa

2008-01-01

380

DML-CZ : the experience of a medium-sized Digital Mathematics Library.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

Ro?. 60, ?. 8 (2013), s. 1028-1033. ISSN 0002-9920 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Czech Digital Mathematics Library * DML-CZ * digital libraries Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://www.ams.org/notices/201308/rnoti-p1028.pdf

Bartošek, M.; Rákosník, Ji?í

2013-01-01

381

A Digital Library of Folklore Songs and Keyword-Based Search Engine  

OpenAIRE

We present a full text search engine in a digital library of Bulgarian folklore songs - in the lyrics and scores of the songs. The deployment of the digital library on the cloud as well as the technical requirements for providing our data to Europeana are discussed.

Kirov, Kiril; Kirov, Nikolay

2012-01-01

382

A Comparative Study of Digital Library Use: Factors, Perceived Influences, and Satisfaction  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the extent to which undergraduate and graduate students in China differ in their digital library use. Unlike the factors promoting digital library use, non-use factors, perceived influences, and degree of satisfaction are quite different between undergraduate and graduate students due to their differing emphases and…

Liu, Ziming; Luo, Lili

2011-01-01

383

Construcción de un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales dentro del proyecto de Biblioteca Digital Colombiana / Development of a virtual course on digital libraries as part of the Project of the Colombian Digital Library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el marco del desarrollo del proyecto de investigación aplicada ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana-BDCOL'' uno de sus objetivos fue establecer una base común de conocimientos que permitiera a la mayor cantidad de instituciones participar en el proyecto e iniciar la construcción de sus [...] repositorios digitales. Al consultar a la comunidad académica y bibliotecológica de las principales universidades del país, se evidenciaron las diferencias de conocimiento respecto a la temática de las bibliotecas y repositorios digitales, por lo que decidió crear y ofrecer un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales a instituciones miembros de la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA. Este artículo presenta: a) el contexto proporcionado por el Proyecto Biblioteca Digital Colombiana; b) la metodología de diseño instruccional del curso; c) la estructura de contenidos y las estrategias pedagógicas establecidas; d) la divulgación, selección de los participantes; e) la evaluación y las conclusiones del curso y las recomendaciones para hacer ajustes relacionadas con el tiempo necesario para completar el curso; y por último, f) la gestión de información y del conocimiento. Con este curso se posibilitó la generación de una base de conocimiento común entre las instituciones vinculadas al proyecto BDCOL y constituye un referente sobre esta temática para la formaciónautoformación en otros momentos y contextos. Abstract in english In the development of the applied research project ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana- BDCOL'' (''Creation of the Colombian Digital Library''), one of the objectives was to establish a common ground of knowledge that would allow the biggest number of institutions to participate in the pr [...] oject and begin to build their own digital repositories. When academic and librarian communities in the main universities of the country were consulted, the differences as to the knowledge about digital libraries and repositories became evident. For this reason, it was decided to create and offer a virtual course on digital libraries to institutions member of the Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA (National Network of Advanced Technology). This paper presents a) the context given by the BDCOL; b) the course's methodology of instructional design; c) its structure of contents and the pedagogical strategies established; d) the diffusion of the program and selection of participants; e) the course's evaluation, conclusion, and recommendations -specially concerning the time needed to complete the course, and, finally, f) the information and knowledge management. This course was successful in making possible to generate a ground of common knowledge for the institutions associated to the BDCOL project and setting a precedent in this area for education and self-education, applicable to other moments and contexts.

Blessed, Ballesteros; Wilson, Castaño Muñoz; Alejandro, Uribe Tirado.

2009-12-01

384

Growing expertise in Africa: CERN-UNESCO's 3rd Digital Library School  

CERN Multimedia

The third in the series of CERN-UNESCO African Schools on Digital Libraries took place in Dakar, Senegal, in November last year. The School represents an important opportunity for CERN to contribute to a global exchange of knowledge, skills and culture.   Ludmila Marian assisting participants during a hands-on computer session. More photographs available here. After Rwanda and Morocco, this time it was Senegal's turn to host the Digital Library School, the third of its kind, held from 21 to 25 November 2011. Participants from seven African French-speaking countries met at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar to learn about digital libraries and the importance of new technologies in the dissemination of knowledge by libraries. The School outlined the principles of digital information management and showcased the Invenio software, developed by CERN to manage digital libraries and freely available as Open Source software. The series of Schools, which combine in...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

385

Google Will Digitize and Search Millions of Books from 5 Top Research Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Five of the world's largest libraries have joined Google in a herculean effort to digitize millions of books and make every sentence searchable. The project involves libraries at Harvard and Stanford Universities, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and the University of Oxford, in England, as well as the New York Public Library. It could…

Carlson, Scott; Young, Jeffrey R.

2005-01-01

386

Indonesia-DLN Is A Digital Library Network In Indonesia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within this paper, philosophy of the knowledge sharing, vision of the network, and how it can give benefits to Indonesia are described. The status of the network is described that show the successfulness of the architecture in tying together partner's knowledge from all big islands of Indonesia (Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya) whether they have dedicated internet connection or only a dial-up one. Currently 13 institutions have joined the network and 15+ in progress of developing their servers. Features of the software, Ganesha Digital Library (GDL version 3.1) are presented, that is now distributed as a Free-Software that is based on My SQL, PHP, and Apache

387

Technology to support a distributed digital library for astronomy  

Science.gov (United States)

The integrated electronic resource that is forming in the astronomical community is a functional distributed digital library. As the balance of the literature comes on-line over the next year, and as more organizations seek to make data and other resources available on the Internet, ad hoc agreements among groups will give way to de facto standards. In our effort to extend the knowledge gained in our work on the electronic ApJ, we are engaged in an initiative to collaborate with other publishers and information distributors to utilize existing tools so that disparate collections may interoperate. We expect to devise effective operating conventions, and to articulate standard means for making valuable, archival information accessible on the net, reliably and for the long term.

Biemesderfer, C. D.

1996-12-01

388

Enhanced Web Interfaces for Administering Invenio Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is an open source web-based application that implements a digital library or document server, and it's used at CERN as the base of the CERN Document Server Institutional Repository and the Inspire High Energy Physics Subject Repository. The purpose of this work was to reimplement the administrative interface of the search engine in Invenio, using new and proved open source technologies, to simplify the code base and lay the foundations for the work that it will be done in porting the rest of the administrative interfaces to use these newer technologies. In my time as a CERN openlab summer student I was able to implement some of the features for the WebSearch Admin Interfaces, enhance some of the existing code with new features and find solutions to technical challenges that will be common when porting the other administrative interfaces modules.

Batista, João

2012-01-01

389

New York State Library: Selected Digital Historical Documents  

Science.gov (United States)

The New York State Library started digitizing a range of New York government documents in a wonderful online catalog and website. The collection covers a wide range of materials including government surveys, state census results, and first had descriptions of the Native American experience throughout the Empire State. In total, there are twelve collections here, including Laws of New York State and New York State Museum Publications. This last area contains a large set of publications created by museum staff members' investigations into geology, biology, anthropology, and history. Some especially noteworthy publications include "Earthquakes in New York State" and "Biological Diversity: The Oldest Human Heritage." Additionally, the New York State History-Towns and Counties section is quite a find, as it contains county and town histories from the 19th and 20th centuries of Albany, Corning, Troy and Rensselaer County.

390

A Metadata Approach to Preservation of Digital Resources: The University of North Texas Libraries' Experience  

OpenAIRE

Preserving long-term access to digital information resources is one of the key challenges facing libraries and information centers today. The University of North Texas (UNT) Libraries has entered into partnership agreements with federal and state agencies to ensure permanent storage and public access to a variety of government information sources. As digital resource preservation encompasses a wide variety of interrelated activities, the UNT Libraries are taking a phased approach to ensure th...

Gelaw, Daniel; Hastings, S. K.; Hartman, Cathy

2002-01-01

391

Thematic digital libraries at the University of Porto : metadata integration over a repository infrastructure  

OpenAIRE

The University of Porto has a well-established set of specialized libraries serving the research and student population of its 14 schools. Thematic digital libraries can be valuable for organizing specific collections and for supporting emergent communities. This work focuses on two case studies, one in the area of the Fine Arts and the other in the area of Food and Nutrition. For building both digital libraries we propose to use the existing university repository infrastructur...

Silva Barroso, Isabel Maria E.; Marta Rita Gil Marques de Azevedo; Maria Cristina de Carvalho Alves Ribeiro

2009-01-01

392

Emerging Tools for Evaluating Digital Library Services: Conceptual Adaptations of LibQUAL+ and CAPM  

OpenAIRE

The paper describes ways to examine how digital libraries are valued by their users, and explores ways of permitting the allocation of resources to areas of user-identified need. Pertinent models from marketing, economics, and library assessment and evaluation are reviewed, focussing on the application of the LibQUAL+TM and CAPM methodologies. Each methodology, which was developed independently, provides a useful framework for evaluating digital library services. The paper discusses the benef...

Heath, Fred Texas A. M. University; Kyrillidou, Martha Association Of Research Libraries; Webster, Duane Association Of Research Libraries; Choudhury, Sayeed Johns Hopkins University; Hobbs, Ben Johns Hopkins University; Lorie, Mark Johns Hopkins University; Flores, Nicholas University Of Colorado

2006-01-01

393

Digital Libraries in Nigeria in the Era of Global Change: A Perspective of the Major Challenges  

OpenAIRE

The world is witnessing a rapid and progressive transformation as a result of IT revolution, which has predominated all aspects of societal development. One of such transformations has manifested in the form of digital libraries. The evolution of digital libraries has ensured the emergence of global networked environment that has dramatically changed the face of libraries, their functions, services as well as their storage and delivery systems. In this perspective, the paper examines the stat...

Bappah Magaji Abubakar Abubakar

2010-01-01

394

The Virtual Hospital: experiences in creating and sustaining a digital library.  

OpenAIRE

A university and its faculty encompass a wealth of content, which is often freely supplied to commercial publishers who profit from it. Emerging digital library technology holds promise for allowing the creation of digital libraries and digital presses that can allow faculty and universities to bypass commercial publishers, retain control of their content, and distribute it directly to users, allowing the university and faculty to better serve their constituencies. The purpose of this paper i...

D Alessandro, M. P.; Galvin, J. R.; Erkonen, W. E.; Choi, T. A.; Lacey, D. L.; Colbert, S. I.

1998-01-01

395

The Mellon Fedora Project: Digital Library Architecture Meets XML and Web Services  

OpenAIRE

The University of Virginia received a grant of $1,000,000 from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to enable the Library, in collaboration with Cornell University, to build a digital object repository system based on the Flexible Extensible Digital Object and Repository Architecture (Fedora). The new system demonstrates how distributed digital library architecture can be deployed using web-based technologies, including XML and Web services. The new system is designed to be a fou...

Payette, Sandra; Staples, Thornton

2013-01-01

396

Iowa Digital Library: University Communication and Marketing Photographs  

Science.gov (United States)

In these modern times, every university and college generates thousands of photographs documenting a wide range of cultural, educational, and social activities. The University of Iowa has produced an amazing array of dramatic and pensive images over the past few years and this digital archive brings many of them together in one archive. Visitors can browse the collection via several dozen topical headings, including Admissions, Campus, and Government Relations. The viewbook photographs are quite arresting, as they profile portraits of prominent people, ranging from basketball players to employees of different units on campus. As a whole, it's a fine portrait of a Big Ten university of great repute. [KMG

397

The Virtual Hospital: experiences in creating and sustaining a digital library.  

Science.gov (United States)

A university and its faculty encompass a wealth of content, which is often freely supplied to commercial publishers who profit from it. Emerging digital library technology holds promise for allowing the creation of digital libraries and digital presses that can allow faculty and universities to bypass commercial publishers, retain control of their content, and distribute it directly to users, allowing the university and faculty to better serve their constituencies. The purpose of this paper is to show how this can be done. A methodology for overcoming the technical, social, political, and economic barriers involved in creating, distributing and organizing a digital library was developed, implemented, and refined over seven years. Over the seven years, 120 textbooks and booklets were placed in the Virtual Hospital digital library, from 159 authors in twenty-nine departments and four colleges at The University of Iowa. The digital library received extensive use by individuals around the world. A new paradigm for academic publishing was created, involving a university and faculty owned peer reviewed digital press implemented using digital library technology. The concept has been embraced by The University of Iowa, and it has pledged to sustain the digital press in order to allow. The University of Iowa to fulfill its mission of creating, organizing, and disseminating information better. PMID:9803300

D'Alessandro, M P; Galvin, J R; Erkonen, W E; Choi, T A; Lacey, D L; Colbert, S I

1998-10-01

398

Early Learnings from the National Library of New Zealand's National Digital Heritage Archive Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief description of the digital preservation programme at the National Library of New Zealand. Design/methodology/approach: Following a description of the legislative and strategic context for digital preservation in New Zealand, details are provided of the system for the National Digital

Knight, Steve

2010-01-01

399

What Qualifications and Skills Are Important for Digital Librarian Positions in Academic Libraries? A Job Advertisement Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

As academic library functions and activities continue to evolve, libraries have broadened the traditional library model, which focuses on management of physical resources and activities, to include a digital library model, transforming resources and services into digital formats to support teaching, learning, and research. This transition has…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie

2009-01-01

400

La biblioteca digital personalizable como complemento del sistema de bibliotecas de las universidades / Personalizable digital library as complement of the library system of the university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El presente trabajo recopila los antecedentes de las bibliotecas, hasta llegar a las bibliotecas en línea. Se realiza una breve comparación entre los diferentes tipos de bibliotecas existentes. Se describe la biblioteca digital personalizable, la cual permite la socialización del conocimiento, ideal [...] para ser utilizada en las universidades. Se refieren sus principales características y la posibilidad de ser utilizada como complemento de las bibliotecas físicas con las que cuentan las universidades. Abstract in english This work compiles the history of libraries, reaching to libraries online. A brief comparison between different types of libraries. Describes the customizable digital library which allows socialization of knowledge, ideal for universities use. Regards its main features and the possibility of being u [...] sed as a complement to physical libraries at their disposal universities.

Yanedi, Abreu Bartomeo; Luis, Domínguez Cruz; Maikel Manuel, Fernández Fernández.

2011-09-01

401

Library User Education under the Circumstance of Network  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on the concept of user education, this paper discusses the necessity of user education in library under the circumstance of network, describes the contents and forms of user education and puts forward the problems that should be paid attention to during education. [This paper was supported by scientific research project of Qufu Normal…

Zhu, Tian-hui

2009-01-01

402

Cabriology: Putting Digital Collections in the Local Flow at Bruges Public Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cabrio, the Aquabrowser implementation at the Bruges Public Library, is more than a catalogue makeover. Rich, variable, flashy and truly inspirational, its open structure tackles several strategic issues related to a changing network environment. Digital collections are merged with the catalogue to become part of a hybrid library mediation model. Cabrio focuses on local dynamics and existing participation, which are key features of public libraries, in order to challenge and redefine library perceptions and services.

Koen Calis

2010-02-01

403

An Evaluation Model of Digital Educational Resources  

OpenAIRE

Abstract—Today, the use of digital educational resources in teaching and learning is considerably expanding. Such expansion calls educators and computer scientists to reflect more on the design of such products. However, this reflection exposes a number of criteria and recommendations that can guide and direct any teaching tool design be it campus-based or online (e-learning). Our work is at the heart of this issue. We suggest, through this article, examining academic, pedagogical, didactic...

Abderrahim El Mhouti; Mohamed Erradi; Azeddine Nasseh

2013-01-01

404

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30 and the other of Variations2 (n=12. Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

405

Criterios e indicadores para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales / Criteria and indicators to evaluate digital libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para [...] evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad. Abstract in english The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. Th [...] e proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.

Zulia, Ramírez Céspedes.

2006-12-01

406

Significance of clustering and classification applications in digital and physical libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Applications of clustering and classification techniques can be proved very significant in both digital and physical (paper-based) libraries. The most essential application, document classification and clustering, is crucial for the content that is produced and maintained in digital libraries, repositories, databases, social media, blogs etc., based on various tags and ontology elements, transcending the traditional library-oriented classification schemes. Other applications with very useful and beneficial role in the new digital library environment involve document routing, summarization and query expansion. Paper-based libraries can benefit as well since classification combined with advanced material characterization techniques such as FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed spectroscopy) can be vital for the study and prevention of material deterioration. An improved two-level self-organizing clustering architecture is proposed in order to enhance the discrimination capacity of the learning space, prior to classification, yielding promising results when applied to the above mentioned library tasks.

Triantafyllou, Ioannis; Koulouris, Alexandros; Zervos, Spiros; Dendrinos, Markos; Giannakopoulos, Georgios

2015-02-01

407

Grants for Higher Education. 2012 Digital Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication is only available as a downloadable file. See who's giving and getting grants in your field. Strengthen your search for funds with the Foundation Center's digital edition of "Grants for Higher Education." This new "Grant Guide" reveals the scope of current foundation giving in the field. You'll find descriptions of 19,705 grants…

Foundation Center, 2011

2011-01-01

408

???????????????????? Needs Assessment of Online Courses for the University Library Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Mellon?2004????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????University libraries play several roles such as instruction support, research assistance, and information provision, etc. With the rapid growth of information technology and network, the provision of online courses by libraries provides opportunities for readers to self learn via internet improving their information literacy; besides, the atmosphere of academic research will be promoted. Consequently, the planning of library online courses is being highly valued. However, the majority of library online course are relative to librarian education, whereas online courses of library utilization are ignored in Taiwan. Online courses of library utilization are prevalent in other foreign countries (Mellon, 2004. The database vendors have developed a number of online courses already. This study attempts to examine the current condition of the implementation of library instruction in order to further discuss the planning of online courses library utilization. First, the challenges that college libraries face are analyzed. Then, based on the results of the survey about librarians and users, the need and the current condition of the education of library utilization are concluded. Finally, the factors that are taken into consideration when planning online courses of library utilization are listed through interviewing experts. The findings of this study will be provided as the references for other libraries that attempt to plan online courses.

Hsin-Yih Shyu

2006-09-01

409

Research Libraries and the internet : On the transformative dynamic between institutions and digital media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper argues that digital media have a disruptive potential, but path dependency is often a modifying component in the historical development. This is demonstrated in different stages of the development of the interrelationship between digitization, digital media and research libraries. Today the historical dynamic has reached a point where all institutions concerned with knowledge handling will have to redefine themselves. Research libraries are gradually incorporated into a number of new “research infrastructures” which are being built around different kinds of data materials, and each research library may specialize according to some sort of coordinated criteria.

Finnemann, Niels Ole

2014-01-01

410

Dynamic Use of Digital Library Material - Supporting Users with Typed Links in Open Hypermedia  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper introduces a novel approach to supporting digital library users in organising and annotating material. We have extended the concept of open hypermedia by introducing typed links, which support: addition of (user-defined) semantics to hypertexts, user navigation, and machine supported analysis and synthesis of hypermedia structures. The Webvise open hypermedia system is integrated with the World Wide Web, and has been augmented with a type system. We illustrate the potential use in the context of digital libraries with a scenario of teachers jointly preparing a course based on digital library material.

GrØnbæk, Kaj; Hansen, Klaus Marius

1999-01-01

411

Digital Library Collections: Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The collections at the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library at Yale are rather extensive, and they have recently made a selection of their holdings available online for general consideration. This particular website includes three digital collections, including the Peter Parker Collection, a collection of portrait engravings and a biography of Harvey Cushing, a noted doctor and medical innovator. The Peter Parker Collection is rather intriguing as it is a collection of 83 mid-19th century oil paintings executed by Lam Qua. The subject matter is one to note as well, as they are all of Chinese patients with tumors who were under the care and supervision of the Yale-trained medical missionary Peter Parker. The collection of portraits is equally compelling, as it includes hundreds of images of such people as John James Audubon and Andreas Vesalius. [KMG

2005-01-01

412

Mass Digitization at the Complutense University Library: Access to and Preservation of its Cultural Heritage  

OpenAIRE

In the mid-1990s, the Library of the Complutense of Madrid (UCM) applied the growing body of new technologies to a pioneering project: the digitization of a valuable collection of biomedical books. The result of the project was the Dioscorides Digital Library. Up to 2006, however, the pace of digitization was very slow, resulting in only 3,000 books and 50,000 digitized engravings. In September 2006, the Complutense University and Google signed a partnership agreement for the purpose of carry...

Maga?n, Jose? A.; Manuela Palafox; Eugenio Tardón; Amelia Sanz

2011-01-01

413

Cultural Dimensions of Digital Library Development, Part I: Theory and Methodological Framework for a Comparative Study of the Cultures of Innovation in Five European National Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the influence of culture on digital libraries of the first wave. The local cultures of innovation of five European national libraries (Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library) are reconstructed in case histories from…

Dalbello, Marija

2008-01-01

414

Evaluating ranking methods on heterogeneous digital library collections  

CERN Document Server

In the frame of research in particle physics, CERN has been developing its own web-based software /Invenio/ to run the digital library of all the documents related to CERN and fundamental physics. The documents (articles, photos, news, thesis, ...) can be retrieved through a search engine. The results matching the query of the user can be displayed in several ways: sorted by latest first, author, title and also ranked by word similarity. The purpose of this project is to study and implement a new ranking method in Invenio: distributed-ranking (D-Rank). This method aims at aggregating several ranking scores coming from different ranking methods into a new score. In addition to query-related scores such as word similarity, the goal of the work is to take into account non-query-related scores such as citations, journal impact factor and in particular scores related to the document access frequency in the database. The idea is that for two equally query-relevant documents, if one has been more downloaded for inst...

Canévet, Olivier; Marian, Ludmila; Chonavel, Thierry

415

BELIEF Project: the Portal and the Digital Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

BELIEF (Bringing Europes eLectronic Infrastructures to Expanding Frontiers) Project aim to create a platform where eInfrastructures providers and users can collaborate and exchange knowledge, which will help ensure that eInfrastructures are developed and used effectively worldwide, filling the gap separating the Research Infrastructure providers from the users, and thus contribute to the emergence of a competitive knowledge-based economy. To create this synergy of multi-disciplinary Research Infrastructure communities, BELIEF created a one-stop-shop for eInfrastructures communities providing online a Digital Library (DL) and a Portal with a search and contact facility, case studies, a discussion forum, eInfrastructures publications. Offline, it has organised events including brainstorming, networking workshops and international conferences and publications, since BELIEFs values are firmly rooted in international cooperation to the emerging economies, particularly of Latin America and India. The Portal and the DL are key parts of this project. There was an opportunity to provide a ready and common source of information on eInfrastructures, both for the users wanting to find out the supply, and for the providers wanting to extend user base and develop their systems. The Portal and the DL respond to this demand by supplying to researchers documentation that matches their search criteria precisely, according to their interest and professional profile. (Author)professional profile. (Author)

416

Redeye: A Digital Library for Forensic Document Triage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Forensic document analysis has become an important aspect of investigation of many different kinds of crimes from money laundering to fraud and from cybercrime to smuggling. The current workflow for analysts includes powerful tools, such as Palantir and Analyst s Notebook, for moving from evidence to actionable intelligence and tools for finding documents among the millions of files on a hard disk, such as FTK. However, the analysts often leave the process of sorting through collections of seized documents to filter out the noise from the actual evidence to a highly labor-intensive manual effort. This paper presents the Redeye Analysis Workbench, a tool to help analysts move from manual sorting of a collection of documents to performing intelligent document triage over a digital library. We will discuss the tools and techniques we build upon in addition to an in-depth discussion of our tool and how it addresses two major use cases we observed analysts performing. Finally, we also include a new layout algorithm for radial graphs that is used to visualize clusters of documents in our system.

Bogen, Paul Logasa [ORNL; McKenzie, Amber T [ORNL; Gillen, Rob [ORNL

2013-01-01

417

Project StORe presentation at the 9th International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

``Use and Linkage of Source and Output Repositories and the Expectations of the Chemistry Research Community about their Use'', Panayiota Polydoratou (Imperial College London, UK). Presentation given at the 9th Internation Conference on Asian Digital Libraries, 2006.

Polydoratou, Panayiota

2006-01-01

418

Recognizing Best Practice in Portuguese Higher Education Libraries  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this paper is to identify best practices in order to improve the quality of services in Portuguese academic libraries. This article describes an ongoing project to assess the performance of library services, resulting from a partnership of six Portuguese higher education libraries. The study has three main steps: (1) selection of criteria to be evaluated and selection of their corresponding performance indicators; (2) data collection and analysis; (3) identification of best pra...

Melo, Luiza; Pires, Cesaltina; Taveira, Ana

2008-01-01

419

Preface to Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries (VLDL 2009)  

OpenAIRE

The implementation of nowadays Digital Libraries is more demanding than in the past. Information consumers are facing with the need to access ever growing, heterogeneous, possibly federated Information Spaces while information providers are interested in satisfying such needs by sharing rich and organised views over their information deluge. Because of their fundamental role of information production and dissemination vehicle, Digital Libraries are also expected to provide information society...

Ioannidis, Yannis; Manghi, Paolo; Pagano, Pasquale

2009-01-01

420

Towards Building an Open Digital Library for Instructional Design that Facilitates Reflective e-Instruction  

OpenAIRE

Computer-based instruction, online or offline, which we will be referring at as e-instruction, provides for the development of new flexible pedagogical frameworks that will offer opportunities for open worldwide lifelong instruction. We claim that these are to be stored in instructional digital libraries in order to be accessible to anyone, anytime, anywhere. While many advances have been made in the creation of digital libraries, there is considerable room both for improving how learning obj...

Vladoiu, Mihaela-monica

2004-01-01

421

Cooperation or Control? Web 2.0 and the Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

The Web 2.0 trend has placed a renewed emphasis on interoperability and cooperation between systems and people. The digital libraries community is familiar with interoperability through technologies like OAI-PMH, but is disconnected from the general Web 2.0 community. This disconnect prevents the digital library from taking advantage of the rich network of data, services and interfaces offered by that community. This paper presents a case study of a collection within the Texas A&M Reposito...

Maslov, Alexey Texas A. M. University Libraries; Mikeal, Adam Texas A. M. University Libraries; Weimer, Katherine Texas A. M. University Libraries; Leggett, John Texas A. M. University Libraries

2009-01-01

422

Services for Content Creation and Presentation in an Iconographical Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

Content creation and presentation are key activities in a multimedia digital library (MDL). The proper design and intelligent implementation of these services provide a stable base for overall MDL functionality. This paper presents the framework and the implementation of these services in the latest version of the “Virtual Encyclopaedia of Bulgarian Iconography” multimedia digital library. For the semantic description of the iconographical objects a tree-based annotation template...

Pavlov, Radoslav; Paneva-marinova, Desislava; Goynov, Maxim; Pavlova-draganova, Lilia

2010-01-01

423

A Semantic Search Framework in Peer-to-Peer based Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

Advances in peer-to-peer overlay networks and Semantic Web technology will have a substantial influence on the design and implementation of future digital libraries. However, it remains unclear how best to combine their advantages in constructing digital library systems. This thesis is devoted for investigating, proposing and evaluating possible solutions to advance developments in this field. The main research goal of this work is to combine the strengths of both peer-to-peer overlay network...

Ding, Hao

2006-01-01

424

Metadata aggregation and "automated digital libraries": A retrospective on the NSDL experience  

OpenAIRE

Over three years ago, the Core Integration team of the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) implemented a digital library based on metadata aggregation using Dublin Core and OAI-PMH. The initial expectation was that such low-barrier technologies would be relatively easy to automate and administer. While this architectural choice permitted rapid deployment of a production NSDL, our three years of experience have contradicted our original expectations of easy automation and...

Lagoze, Carl; Krafft, Dean; Cornwell, Tim; Dushay, Naomi; Eckstrom, Dean; Saylor, John

2006-01-01

425

A Century of Library Support for Teacher Education in Calgary  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper traces the century-long history of a library that has served teacher preparation programs in Calgary, Alberta, since 1909. It looks at how this library's role and collections adapted to shifting notions of what constituted good teacher education and changing economic circumstances. In recounting this history, the paper examines the…

Brydges, Barbara

2009-01-01

426

As Libraries Go Digital, Sharing of Data Is at Odds with Tradition of Privacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Colleges share many things on Twitter, but one topic can be risky to broach: the reading habits of library patrons. Patrons' privacy is precious to most librarians. Yet new Web services thrive on collecting and sharing the very information that has long been protected. This points to an emerging tension as libraries embrace digital services.…

Parry, Marc

2012-01-01

427

Designing and Building Integrated Digital Library Systems: Guidelines. IFLA Professional Reports, No. 90  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of these Guidelines is to provide libraries for the blind and those who work in them with a broad overview of matters to be considered in planning and implementing an integrated digital library system. The Guidelines are not intended to provide technical solutions. Given the pace of technological change, solutions can only be developed…

Rathje, Bente Dahl; McGrory, Margaret; Pollitt, Carol; Voutilainen, Paivi

2005-01-01

428

How to Use the Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) digital libraries provide access to free online scientific resources about oceans, coasts, and coastal watersheds. MRIB allows category, geographic, and keyword searching, alone or in combination. Instructions for searching the three MRIB libraries and for refining the searches are explained in detail.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2009-01-01

429

The Use of Digital Library Skills in the Emergent Information Market in Botswana  

Science.gov (United States)

This study probed the use of digital library skills by MLIS graduates, and their perception of employment preparation for the emergent information market in Botswana. The study used a survey approach. The study was carried out in 2004. A total of 32 MLIS graduates (1996-2003) of the Department of Library and Information Studies in employment were…

Ojedokun, Ayoku A.; Moahi, Kgomotso H.

2007-01-01

430

Educational Technologies in Health Science Libraries: Teaching Technology Skills  

OpenAIRE

As technology rapidly changes, libraries remain go-to points for education and technology skill development. In academic health sciences libraries, trends suggest librarians provide more training on technology topics than ever before. While education and training have always been roles for librarians, providing technology training on new mobile devices and emerging systems requires class creation and training capabilities that are new to many. To appeal to their users, many health sciences li...

Hurst, Emily J.

2014-01-01

431

Europe Makes Headway in Networked and Digital Library Capabilities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes cooperation between the national libraries of Europe on access to electronic publications, and outlines reasons why it has been necessary to act at a European level to improve library services. Highlights include the European Union, research and development, Telematics for Libraries activities, national policies, and future…

Iljon, Ariane; Pigott, Ian

1996-01-01

432

The ELISE II Project: A Digital Image Library for Europe.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the progress made under the ELISE II electronic image library project from a technical standpoint. The ELISE II project is a European-wide initiative that aims to provide a comprehensive electronic image library service for Europe. It is funded under the European Commission, DG XIII-E, Telematics for Libraries Initiative. The…

Strunz, Bob; Waters, Mairead

433

Systems of Knowledge Organization for Digital Libraries: Beyond Traditional Authority Files.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report provides an overview of knowledge organization systems (KOSs) and includes pertinent examples of their application to digital materials, offering extensive practical information for institutions embarking on digital library initiatives. The first section of the report defines the general characteristics of KOSs, with emphasis on their…

Hodge, Gail

434

A Practical Guide for Building a Digital Library: User-Focused Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

With changing user expectations, many libraries are moving toward digital content. Accessible from anywhere at any time, digital content provides users with efficient, on-demand information experiences. Accordingly, librarians are presented with challenges and opportunities to build, manage, and implement outreach strategies that promote their…

Zhu, Qin; Guevara, Sophia

2009-01-01

435

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o especializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio.The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt with on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Ana Margarita Cabrera Facundo

2005-04-01

436

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas / DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o e [...] specializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio. Abstract in english The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt wit [...] h on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Ana Margarita, Cabrera Facundo; Adrián, Coutín Domínguez.

2005-04-01

437

Open Education Resources: The New Paradigm in Academic Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Academic library budgets are contracting while library usage is increasing. How can academic libraries best help campuses reduce costs and better serve their communities? One strategy is collecting campus-created content online and making it available through the campus Institutional Repository. All faculty, including tenure track and adjuncts, at California State University San Marcos were invited to participate in a brief Web-based survey with both quantitative and qualitative questions. With an 18% response rate, the survey results indicate a strong interest in free or reduced cost educational materials, as well as a high level of concern about the cost of educational materials. Faculty responses indicate they are looking for alternatives to high priced curriculum materials, and are looking to the library for assistance. The crisis in scholarly communication and educational budgets is coming together to create a surge of support for free or low cost educational resources. Many campuses across the country have created programs to support open educational resources, with the main push coming from campus libraries or librarians. The data from this survey and examination of current campus climate, combined with the analysis of implementation factors by other organizations, will bolster the argument for libraries to create open repositories for campus scholarship.

Carmen Mitchell

2014-04-01

438

Empowering Students in Information Literacy Practices Using a Collaborative Digital Library for School Projects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper examines the affordances that a collaborative digital library (CDL can bring to bear on supporting information literacy practices in the digital information environment. It suggests that the digital library can contribute to student empowerment in information literacy practices while searching, using and collaboratively building the digital library resources. To illustrate this, the authors have been experimenting with the implementation of an integrated information literacy model based on Eisenberg and Berkowitz’ Big 6 Model and describes the CDL features in association with the information literacy dimensions in this model. The CDL focuses on the project-based learning approach to conduct students’ project, which supports specific information behaviors that underpin research and learning such as information seeking, browsing, encountering, foraging, sharing, gathering, filtering, and using. Findings regarding teachers’ reception of the digital library are encouraging as they feel the relevance of the digital library to the current requirement of the students’ project and its potential to entrench information and resource study skills through project-based learning.

Abrizah Abdullah

2008-09-01

439

Growing into the Digital Age: A Small Academic Library Confronts the Practical Challenges of Transition  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper outlines the recent history of the Benedictine College Library and traces the development of the library’s digital collections since 2006. The librarians have worked to provide an integrated search solution through the EBSCO Discovery Service and streamline off-campus access through EZPROXY. As the library’s electronic resources have grown, we have continued to support its historic core collection in the humanities as well as some unique and eclectic special collections. A range of issues are discussed: integrating electronic resources, ensuring 24-hour access, working with IT staff and the impact of the institutional culture on the college library. The challenges that this transition have posed for the library staff will also be discussed. It is hoped that librarians in similar situations can learn from our experiences.

Steven Gromatzky

2014-08-01

440

A Short Story about XML Schemas, Digital Preservation and Format Libraries  

OpenAIRE

One morning we came in to work to find that one of our servers had made 1.5 million attempts to contact an external server in the preceding hour. It turned out that the calls were being generated by the Library’s digital preservation system (Rosetta) while attempting to validate XML Schema Definition (XSD) declarations included in the XML files of the Library’s online newspaper application Papers Past, which we were in the process of loading into Rosetta. This paper describes our response...

Knight, Steve

2012-01-01

441

The Digital Society's Challenge to the Library for the Blind.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses new strategies and potential roles for libraries for the blind, based on the author's experiences at the Danish National Library for the Blind (DBB). The first section is an introduction that provides background on DBB. The second section considers characteristics of the information community. The third section describes the…

Tank, Elsebeth

442

Libraries in the Contemporary Society – challenges, mutations, perspectives in a digital context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In contemporary society libraries are actively involved in the process of acquisition, collections management, communication, preservation and archiving of information and of documentary resources. In order to fulfil their mission, libraries should find viable solutions and provide pertinent answers related to the new challenges of the electronic environment, by integrating new information and communication technologies. A series of obvious changes take place within the library as the major info-documentary structure, at the level of the processes of librarianship, of the services and products offered, finally at the level of library and information science practitioners, taking into account the users and their information needs. Currently, we are witnessing a real transformation of the libraries from analogue to hybrid, and libraries with important digital collections are becoming leading institutions managing information and knowledge that become developing activities in the new context of Information and Communication Technologies.

Elena Tîrziman

2009-01-01

443

Digital Media and Technology in Afterschool Programs, Libraries, and Museums  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital media and technology have become culturally and economically powerful parts of contemporary middle-class American childhoods. Immersed in various forms of digital media as well as mobile and Web-based technologies, young people today appear to develop knowledge and skills through participation in media. This MacArthur Report examines the…

Herr-Stephenson, Becky; Rhoten, Diana; Perkel, Dan; Sims, Christo

2011-01-01

444

General Education in Library and/or Information Science Education and Training  

Science.gov (United States)

Literature on general education in higher education generally and in library and/or information science education and training specifically, is reviewed. Drawing from this review and from the findings of an empirical study conducted in South Africa, this article discusses curriculum development in LIS education and training in both the university…

Raju, J.

2004-01-01

445

A Spectrum of Interoperability: The Site for Science Prototype for the NSDL; Re-Inventing the Wheel? Standards, Interoperability and Digital Cultural Content; Preservation Risk Management for Web Resources: Virtual Remote Control in Cornell's Project Prism; Safekeeping: A Cooperative Approach to Building a Digital Preservation Resource; Object Persistence and Availability in Digital Libraries; Illinois Digital Cultural Heritage Community-Collaborative Interactions among Libraries, Museums and Elementary Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital libraries, including interoperability, metadata, and international standards; Web resource preservation efforts at Cornell University; digital preservation at the National Library of Australia; object persistence and availability; collaboration among libraries, museums and elementary schools; Asian digital libraries; and a Web…

Arms, William Y.; Hillmann, Diane; Lagoze, Carl; Krafft, Dean; Marisa, Richard; Saylor, John; Terizzi, Carol; Van de Sompel, Herbert; Gill, Tony; Miller, Paul; Kenney, Anne R.; McGovern, Nancy Y.; Botticelli, Peter; Entlich, Richard; Payette, Sandra; Berthon, Hilary; Thomas, Susan; Webb, Colin; Nelson, Michael L.; Allen, B. Danette; Bennett, Nuala A.; Sandore, Beth; Pianfetti, Evangeline S.

2002-01-01

446

Library e-induction: alleviating anxiety with digital doughnuts: a case study  

OpenAIRE

This case study will explore some innovative methods of library induction at a higher education library in the UK, Southampton Solent University, looking particularly at e-induction and alternative approaches to the management of library anxiety.The induction programme includes features that are modular, interactive and - most particularly - student centred. They cater for a variety of preferences, including video, audio, text based and multi-media options. The variety of approaches taken by ...

Timothy Collinson; Alison Williams

2006-01-01

447

Implementation of Digital Audio Broadcasting System based in SystemC Library  

OpenAIRE

This thesis describes the design and implementation of a Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) System developed using C++ Language and SystemC libraries. The main aspects covered within this report are the data structure of DAB system, and some interesting points of SystemC Library very useful for the implementation of the final system. It starts with a introduction of DAB system and his principals advantages. Next it goes further into the definition of data structures of DAB, they are FIC, MSC, ...

Moreno Martinez, Eduardo

2004-01-01

448

Library leadership: Innovative options for designing training programmes to build leadership competencies in the digital age  

OpenAIRE

Library leaders may not be fully equipped to deal with the demands and rigours of the digital age and its consumers. The advent of the internet, search engines and social media require a paradigm shift in the development of these leaders. Whilst much has been written about the required competencies, there seems to be no clear guiding principle on how the development should take place. The authors propose that the development of library leaders is a process, best illustrated through movement t...

Ann-Louise De Boer; Bothma, Theo J. D.; Johan Olwagen

2013-01-01

449

European funding for digitization projects: Opportunities and risks for research libraries  

OpenAIRE

[EN]The European Commission has been investing considerably in the area of the digitization of cultural heritage by fundin research prohects or best practice networks. Academic and research libraries often act as one of the partners in such projects, as they can participate both as content and service providers, thanks to their collections and highly trained staff. However, the application procedure in generally considered to be very cumbersome, which demotivates potential research libraries ...

Hooland, Seth

2010-01-01

450

Generating Collaborative Systems for Digital Libraries: a Model-Driven Approach  

OpenAIRE

The design and development of a digital library involves different stakeholders, such as: information architects, librarians, and domain experts, who need to agree on a common language to describe, discuss, and negotiate the services the library has to offer. To this end, high-level, language-neutral models have to be devised. Metamodeling techniques favor the definition of domainspecific visual languages through which stakeholders can share their views and directly manipulate represent...

Malizia, Alessio; Bottoni, Paolo; Levialdi, S.

2013-01-01

451

Final report on a pilot academic e-books project at Keio University Libraries : Potential for the scholarly use of digitized academic books  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the results and significance of a pilot academic e-books project carried out at the Keio University Libraries for fiscal 2010 to 2012 to assess the viability of a new model of the libraries providing all the campuses with accesses to Japanese academic books digitized jointly with academic publishers and cooperative firms. It focuses on the experimental use of digitized books, highlighting the students’ attitudes and expectations towards e-books as found from surveys. Some major findings include the following. Users have a strong demand for digitized readings that are rather lookup-oriented than learning-oriented, with greater value placed on the functionalities of federated full-text searching, reading on a screen, and accessing the desired chapter direct from table of contents. They also want an online space in which to manage different forms of digitized learning resources. We investigated the potential of e-books and new type of textbooks as educational infrastructures based on the results of experiment. Japan’s university libraries should need to engage actively in the mass digitization of academic books to be adaptive to the change in the ways research, study and teaching are conducted. We plan to start a joint experiment with other university libraries to develop a practical model for the use of e-books.

Shimada, Takashi

452

Survey of Integration Cost-Adoption between Digital Library Systems in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this article was identifying cost elements in syntactic integrating digital library systems in Iran. The levels of integration are content, technical, and organizational. It is obvious we could access some sub goals such as identifying current situation of information systems from the view points of data storage, needed standard outputs, and the current situation of interoperability in Iran, and suitable integration model in Iranian digital libraries. The analytical survey method was used in this research. Research population included 11 digital library systems that were used in Iranian digital libraries. In order to gather information, a researcher made questionnaire was used because of not existing standard collecting data tool. Findings demonstrated that we should search on three levels of interoperability: content, technical, and organizational level in order to identifying cost-adoption elements in syntactic interoperability. Also, findings showed that the elements of organizational level were too important level in cost-adoption elements. Also this research demonstrated that the high cost of adoption was related to libraries and their organizations.

Mehdi Alipour-Hafezi

2013-03-01

453

The Theory and Implementation for Metadata in Digital Library/Museum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Libraries and Museums (DL/M have become one of the important research issues of Library and Information Science as well as other related fields. This paper describes the basic concepts of DL/M and briefly introduces the development of Taiwan Digital Museum Project. Based on the features of various collections, wediscuss how to maintain, to manage and to exchange metadata, especially from the viewpoint of users. We propose the draft of metadata, MICI (Metadata Interchange for Chinese Information , developed by ROSS (Resources Organization and SearchingSpecification team. Finally, current problems and future development of metadata will be touched.[Article content in Chinese

Hsueh-hua Chen

1998-12-01

454

Are libraries obsolete? an argument for relevance in the digital age  

CERN Document Server

The digital age has transformed information access in ways that few ever dreamed. But the afterclap of our digital wonders has left libraries reeling as they are no longer the chief contender in information delivery. The author gives both sides--the web aficionados, some of them unhinged, and the traditional librarians, some blinkered--a fair hearing but misconceptions abound. Internet be-all and end-all enthusiasts are no more useful than librarians who urge fellow professionals to be all things to all people. The American Library Association, wildly democratic at its best and worst, appears

Herring, Mark Y

2014-01-01

455

The National Library at a Crossroads : The Digital Content Revolution and its Consequences  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article identifies a number of challenges facing national libraries all over the world as digitally-born materials replace the physical antecedents that have been well known to us for centuries, and it describes how the Royal Library of Denmark is responding to these challenges. The author argues that if we want to preserve the digitally-born part of cultural heritage and knowledge production in the future, these problems have to be solved. We are running out of time if we are to avoid the loss of data and cultural heritage in the coming decades, as indeed happened on the web in the 1990s.

Kolding Nielsen, Erland

2012-01-01

456

Integrating Interactive Visualizations in the Search Process of Digital Libraries and IR Systems  

CERN Document Server

Interactive visualizations for exploring and retrieval have not yet become an integral part of digital libraries and information retrieval systems. We have integrated a set of interactive graphics in a real world social science digital library. These visualizations support the exploration of search queries, results and authors, can filter search results, show trends in the database and can support the creation of new search queries. The use of weighted brushing supports the identification of related metadata for search facets. We discuss some use cases of the combination of IR systems and interactive graphics. In a user study we verify that users can gain insights from statistical graphics intuitively and can adopt interaction techniques.

Hienert, Daniel; Schaer, Philipp; Mayr, Philipp

2012-01-01

457

User experience interaction design for digital educational games  

Science.gov (United States)

Leading the elements of games into education is the newest teaching concepts in the field of educational technology, which is by using healthy games to impel and preserve the learner's motivation, improve the learning efficiency and bring one experience in learning something by playing games. First of all, this article has introduced the concept of Digital Game and User Experience and brought the essence of Digital Game to light to construct the frame of user experience interaction design for digital educational games and offer one design idea for the development of related products and hoping that Digital Game will bring us continuous innovation experience.

Yuan, Jiugen; Zhang, Wenting; Xing, Ruonan

2014-04-01

458

Digital Library Storage using iRODS Data Grids  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital repository software provides a powerful and flexible infrastructure for managing and delivering complex digital resources and metadata. However, issues can arise in managing the very large, distributed data files that may constitute these resources. This paper describes an implementation approach that combines the Fedora digital repository software with a storage layer implemented as a data grid, using the iRODS middleware developed by DICE (Data Intensive Cyber Environments) as the successor to SRB. This approach allows us to use Fedoras flexible architecture to manage the structure of resources and to provide application- layer services to users. The grid-based storage layer provides efficient support for managing and processing the underlying distributed data objects, which may be very large (e.g. audio-visual material). The Rule Engine built into iRODS is used to integrate complex workflows at the data level that need not be visible to users, e.g. digital preservation functionality.

Hedges, Mark; Blanke, Tobias; Hasan, Adil

459

Book Review: Digital preservation of cultural heritage collection: Among libraries of India and Iran: A comparative study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital libraries universally have emerged in two ways. One, they are born digital (also known as electronic resource. Two, they are converted to become digital-by scanning or other data capturing techniques –from printed, microform, manuscripts, etc.. The converted digital resources demand greater attention by decision makers with regards design, plan and implementation– i.e., in the process of preservation of cultural heritage collections. The book depicts both the types of digital collections, albeit in a limited way, viz., a sample population for libraries based on heritage resources and level of digitization, and b two developing countries.

Mohamed Taher

2012-06-01

460

A survey of medical students on the impact of a new digital imaging library in the dissection room.  

Science.gov (United States)

Radiology has a recognised role in undergraduate anatomy education. The recent digitalisation of radiology has created new learning opportunities involving techniques such as image labelling, 3D reconstruction, and multiplanar reformatting. An opportunity was identified at the University of Nottingham to create a digital library of normal radiology images as a learner-driven adjunct in anatomy dissection sessions. We describe the process of creating a de novo digital library by sourcing images for presentation at computer workstations. Students' attitudes towards this new resource were assessed using a questionnaire which used a 5 point Likert scale and also offered free text responses. One hundred and forty-one out of 260 students (54%) completed the questionnaire. The most notable findings were: a positive response to the relevance of imaging to the session topics (median score 4), strong agreement that images should be available on the university website (median score 5), and disagreement that enough workstations were available (median score 2). About 24% of respondents suggested independently that images needed more labeling to help with orientation and identification. This first phase of supplying a comprehensive imaging library can be regarded as a success. Increasing availability and incorporating dynamic labeling are well recognized as important design concepts for electronic learning resources and these will be improved in the second phase of delivery as a direct result of student feedback. Hopefully other centers can benefit from this experience and will consider such a venture to be worthwhile. PMID:19637297

Turmezei, T D; Tam, M D B S; Loughna, S

2009-09-01

461

Toward Semantic Digital Libraries: Exploiting Web 2.0 and Semantic Services in Cultural Heritage  

OpenAIRE

Developing and maintaining a digital library requires substantial investments that are not simply a matter of technological decisions, but include also organizational issues (user roles, workflows, types of contents, etc.). These issues are often handled by approaches based on a physical perspective that treats the stored information either in terms of data formats or physical space needed to archive them. All these perspectives completely ignore the semantic aspects of the digital contents. ...

Baruzzo, Andrea University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Casoto, Paolo University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Challapalli, Prasad University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Dattolo, Antonina University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Pudota, Nirmala University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Tasso, Carlo University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science

2009-01-01

462

Another step into the digital world for CERN Library  

CERN Multimedia

Following a recommendation from the Scientific Information Policy Board, the Library will adapt its acquisitions policy so that it can start to profit from the advantages of subscribing to journals in electronic format only, starting from January 2008. This new policy will not affect magazine-style journals, annuals and obviously the journals that are not yet available in electronic format. However, this is a major change. For, who today could imagine consulting the library holdings using an old style card catalogue? Even the days of the famous preprint display are unknown to many of the current CERN staff and users. More than a decade after the birth of web-based scientific journals, publishers now offer very reliable online versions. The financial savings implied by this change of policy will reduce the number of title cancellations needed to match the decrease in the Library budget, and the policy will therefore help maintain a good overall level of information resources....

2007-01-01

463

Nursing Libraries. A Survey of Nursing Education Programs and Library Service in Southeastern Michigan.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) the number of nursing students and educators in the institutions in southeastern Michigan, (2) where nursing students get clinical experience, (3) all the institutions involved in training nursing students, and (4) the library service available at these institutions. An interview schedule was…

Labovitz, Judy

464

Community Digital Library Requirements for the Southern California Earthquake Center Community Modeling Environment (SCEC/CME)  

Science.gov (United States)

A community digital library provides support for ingestion, organization, description, preservation, and access of digital entities. The technologies that traditionally provide these capabilities are digital libraries (ingestion, organization, description), persistent archives (preservation) and data grids (access). We present a design for the SCEC community digital library that incorporates aspects of all three systems. Multiple groups have created integrated environments that sustain large-scale scientific data collections. By examining these projects, the following stages of implementation can be identified: \\begin{itemize} Definition of semantic terms to associate with relevant information. This includes definition of uniform content descriptors to describe physical quantities relevant to the scientific discipline, and creation of concept spaces to define how the uniform content descriptors are logically related. Organization of digital entities into logical collections that make it simple to browse and manage related material. Definition of services that are used to access and manipulate material in the collection. Creation of a preservation environment for the long-term management of the collection. Each community is faced with heterogeneity that is introduced when data is distributed across multiple sites, or when multiple sets of collection semantics are used, and or when multiple scientific sub-disciplines are federated. We will present the relevant standards that simplify the implementation of the SCEC community library, the resource requirements for different types of data sets that drive the implementation, and the digital library processes that the SCEC community library will support. The SCEC community library can be viewed as the set of processing steps that are required to build the appropriate SCEC reference data sets (SCEC approved encoding format, SCEC approved descriptive metadata, SCEC approved collection organization, and SCEC managed storage location). Each digital entity that is ingested into the SCEC community library is processed and validated for conformance to SCEC standards. These steps generate provenance, descriptive, administrative, structural, and behavioral metadata. Using data grid technology, the descriptive metadata can be registered onto a logical name space that is controlled and managed by the SCEC digital library. A version of the SCEC community digital library is being implemented in the Storage Resource Broker. The SRB system provides almost all the features enumerated above. The peer-to-peer federation of metadata catalogs is planned for release in September, 2003. The SRB system is in production use in multiple projects, from high-energy physics, to astronomy, to earth systems science, to bio-informatics. The SCEC community library will be based on the definition of standard metadata attributes, the creation of logical collections within the SRB, the creation of access services, and the demonstration of a preservation environment. The use of the SRB for the SCEC digital library will sustain the expected collection size and collection capabilities.

Moore, R.; Faerman, M.; Minster, J.; Day, S. M.; Ely, G.

2003-12-01

465

Leveraging on Easy Java Simulation tool and open source computer simulation library to create interactive digital media for mass customization of high school physics curriculum  

CERN Document Server

This paper highlights the diverse possibilities in the rich community of educators from the Conceptual Learning of Science (CoLoS) and Open Source Physics (OSP) movement to engage, enable and empower educators and students, to create interactive digital media through computer modeling. This concept revolves around a paradigmatic shift towards participatory learning through immersive computer modeling, as opposed to using technology for information transmission. We aim to engage high school educators to professionally develop themselves by creating and customizing simulations possible through Easy Java Simulation (Ejs) and its learning community. Ejs allows educators to be designers of learning environments through modifying source codes of the simulation. Educators can conduct lessons with students' using these interactive digital simulations and rapidly enhance the simulation through changing the source codes personally. Ejs toolkit, its library of simulations and growing community contributed simulation cod...

Wee, Loo Kang

2012-01-01

466

The Scientific and Technical Service Function of Agricultural Digital Library in Countryside Informatization Development and Construction Under Network Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

By analyzing internet popularization in rural China and open questions in rural information service, together with service function of agricultural digital library in rural informatization construction, this article makes a study of how to give full play to agricultural digital library's various advantages, in order to make even greater contributions to our country's rural informatization construction.

Guo, Xichuan

467

User-Centered Digital Library Project Phase 2: User Testing with Teachers and Students with Disabilities. Evaluation Report  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of the User-Centered Digital Library Project, conducted by the National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) at WGBH, was to adapt the Teachers' Domain online digital library to enable teachers and students with disabilities to more readily use the resources in science classrooms. NCAM added accessibility features such as captions and audio…

Moeller, Babette

2010-01-01

468

The challenges of establishing digital library services in an Open and Distance Learning (ODL environment and the potential benefits: The road towards the integration of digital and traditional library services, the case of Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The information age is the zeitgeist of the twenty first century with the pervasive use of computers transcending across all sectors such as education, health and library and information departments. Of crucial importance is the ability of ICTs to break the barriers of time and distance that makes them an asset in the provision of library and information services .More so in Open and Distance Learning (ODL institution?s library services as it provides electronic information and knowledge in support of various study programmes and researches to a geographically spaced clientele. The paper highlights challenges librarians face in integrating traditional information delivery based on print with modern computerised and networking delivery of digital information. Noting however the pervasiveness of print media in providing literature and knowledge and also administrative functions such as applications and registration to support various ODL programmes albeit with the handicap of limited geographical reach of the distant student. The discussion addresses the issues of ICT duality capacities as a basic infrastructure for information and communications, highlighting the dual challenge of ICT development and ICT for development. The survey noted accessibility challenges experienced by ZOU Mashonaland east library in accessing e-resources and their preference for print resources.

Kudakwashe Danmore Keithy Tapfumaneyi

2013-07-01

469

Simultaneous digital quantification and fluorescence-based size characterization of massively parallel sequencing libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Due to the high cost of failed runs and suboptimal data yields, quantification and determination of fragment size range are crucial steps in the library preparation process for massively parallel sequencing (or next-generation sequencing). Current library quality control methods commonly involve quantification using real-time quantitative PCR and size determination using gel or capillary electrophoresis. These methods are laborious and subject to a number of significant limitations that can make library calibration unreliable. Herein, we propose and test an alternative method for quality control of sequencing libraries using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). By exploiting a correlation we have discovered between droplet fluorescence and amplicon size, we achieve the joint quantification and size determination of target DNA with a single ddPCR assay. We demonstrate the accuracy and precision of applying this method to the preparation of sequencing libraries. PMID:23931593

Laurie, Matthew T; Bertout, Jessica A; Taylor, Sean D; Burton, Joshua N; Shendure, Jay A; Bielas, Jason H

2013-08-01

470

Das bibliotecas convencionais às digitais: diferenças e convergências / From conventional to digital libraries: differences and convergences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Comentam-se as diferenças e convergências entre a biblioteca convencional e a digital, apontando quatro aspectos, a saber: 1) a organização da informação, mostrando que a biblioteca digital tem um potencial informacional que dificilmente terá sido alcançado pela biblioteca convencional: ela pode ent [...] regar a informação diretamente na mesa do usuário. Discute o futuro do catálogo da biblioteca em relação aos mecanismos de busca e aos projetos de digitalização em massa; 2) o acesso à informação, mostrando que este é o momento de se iniciar uma integração das fontes e materiais eletrônicos nos acervos e serviços; 3) o aspecto econômico, mostrando que muitas bibliotecas procuram no ambiente externo aquelas fontes de informação que poderão ser úteis, digitalizam seus conteúdos e os colocam à disposição de sua comunidade; 4) as ações cooperativas, afirmando que houve um incremento das atividades de cooperação bibliotecária, não somente para reduzir os custos, mas também para facilitar a sobrevivência da biblioteca como instituição social. Conclui-se que o desafio da mudança é uma oportunidade de renovação para a biblioteca, fazendo com que ela continue a ser um espaço de prazer e aprendizado. Abstract in english The differences and convergences between traditional and digital libraries are discussed. Four aspects are analyzed in this paper, i.e.: 1) the organization of the information where it is shown that the digital library has an information power that will hardly be reached by the conventional library, [...] as information can be directly delivered to the user's desk; the future of the library catalog is also discussed and compared to search engines and mass digitalization projects; 2) the access to information, pointing the present as the right time to start the integration of sources and electronic materials into library collection and services; 3) economical aspects showing that many libraries try to obtain helpful information sources in the external environment, and digitalize their contents to make them available to its clientele; 4) cooperative actions, observing that library cooperation activities increased, not only to reduce costs but also to facilitate survival of the library as a social institution. Finally, the article points out that the challenge to change is a great opportunity for revitalization of the library, impelling it to continue to be a space for joy and learning.

Murilo Bastos da, Cunha.

2008-04-01

471

YouTube and Academic Libraries: Building a Digital Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

Although still a relatively new technology with less than 10 years of history, YouTube's extensive reach and integration in mainstream society as well as lifelong learning habits of online users cannot be understated. This article examines how the YouTube collection at the University of British Columbia Library's Irving K. Barber Learning Centre…

Cho, Allan

2013-01-01

472

The ONCE Bibliographic Services’s Digital Library  

OpenAIRE

The ONCE provides its membership with a cost-free online library service, through which they can obtain books in both print and DAISY format. The present paper contains a brief description of the structure and growing popularity of this service.

Pe?rez Arnaez, Rafael

2011-01-01

473

User Education in Social Media Applications @ Your Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This report outlines a case study investigating how public libraries in New South Wales are currently educating their clientele in the use of social media applications. It includes the background to this case study and the expected outcomes, and identifies the scope and limitations. It also includes a list of significant stages, and outlines the…

Smith, Eileen

2013-01-01

474

Las bibliotecas digitales.: Parte III. Evaluación / Digital libraries: Part III. Evaluation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se ofrece una panorámica de las tendencias, modelos y procedimientos utilizados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales. Es un tema controvertido, con múltiples vertientes y una terminología en formación. En muchos casos, este tema se vincula con otro mucho más amplio aún, la evaluación de l [...] os recursos digitales en la red. Se presenta sintéticamente los resultados de la indagación en Internet sobre los aspectos considerados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales y la distinción entre la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales en general y de arte en particular. Abstract in english An overview of the tendencies, models and procedures used to evaluate digital libraries is presented. It is a quite controversial subject with many trends and a terminology under formation. In many cases, this subject is linked to a yet wider one; the evaluation of the digital resources in the web. [...] The results of the Internet research on the evaluation of digital libraries are briefly dealt with, as well as the distinctions between the evaluation of digital libraries in general and that art libraries in particular

Ana Margarita, Cabrera Facundo; Adrián, Coutín Domínguez.

2005-10-01

475

Modelling the Functionality of the Multimedia Digital Library for Fashion Objects  

OpenAIRE

This paper describes a project of a multimedia digital library for fashion objects. The presented work aims to provide an environment for the National Art Academy students works, showing in front a professional and nonprofessional public the significant values of the fashion domain.

Pavlova-draganova, Lilia; Luchev, Detelin; Goynov, Maxim

2012-01-01

476

Visualizing Semantic Spaces and Author Co-citation Networks in Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the development and application of visualization techniques for users to access and explore information in digital libraries effectively and intuitively. Salient semantic structures and citation patterns are extracted from several collections of documents using Latent Semantic Indexing and Pathfinder Network Scaling. Author cocitation…

Chen, Chaomei

1999-01-01

477

Understanding Teacher Users of a Digital Library Service: A Clustering Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

This research examined teachers' online behaviors while using a digital library service--the Instructional Architect (IA)--through three consecutive studies. In the first two studies, a statistical model called latent class analysis (LCA) was applied to cluster different groups of IA teachers according to their diverse online behaviors. The third…

Xu, Beijie

2011-01-01

478

Digital Libraries with Embedded Values: Combining Insights from LIS and Science and Technology Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

In the digital age, libraries are increasingly being augmented or even replaced by information technology (IT), which is often accompanied by implicit assumptions of objectivity and neutrality, yet the field of science and technology studies (STS) has a long history of studying what values are embedded in IT and how they are embedded. This article…

Fleischmann, Kenneth R.

2007-01-01

479

Building a Multi-Discipline Digital Library Through Extending the Dienst Protocol  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this project is to establish multi-discipline capability for a unified, canonical digital library service for scientific and technical information (STI). This is accomplished by extending the Dienst Protocol to be aware of subject classification of a servers holdings. We propose a hierarchical, general, and extendible subject classification that can encapsulate existing classification systems.

Nelson, Michael L.; Maly, Kurt; Shen, Stewart N. T.

1997-01-01

480

Evaluation of a Digital Library by Means of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) and the Kano Model  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper proposes utilizing a combination of the Quality Function Deployment (QFD)-Kano model as a useful tool to evaluate service quality. The digital library of the University of Guadalajara (Mexico) is presented as a case study. Data to feed the QFD-Kano model was gathered by an online questionnaire that was made available to users on the…

Garibay, Cecilia; Gutierrez, Humberto; Figueroa, Arturo

2010-01-01

481

The Effect of Digital Publishing on Technical Services in University Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The past decade has brought enormous changes in scholarly communication, leading many libraries to undertake large-scale digital publishing initiatives. However, no study has investigated how technical services departments are changing to support these new services. Using change management as a theoretical framework, the investigator uses content…

Hunter, Ben

2013-01-01

482

Social Tagging in a Scholarly Digital Library Environment: Users' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: This paper reports an exploratory study examining how users participate in social tagging activities in a scholarly digital library environment to learn about their motivations, behaviour, and practices. Method: This study was conducted in two phases: a survey to investigate usage and attitudes of social tagging tool, and a…

Noorhidawati, A.; Hanum, N. Fariza; Zohoorian-Fooladi, N.

2013-01-01

483

YADDA2 – Assemble Your Own Digital Library Application from Lego Bricks  

OpenAIRE

YADDA2 is an open software platform which facilitates creation of digital library applications. It consists of versatile building blocks providing, among others: storage, relational and full-text indexing, process management, and asynchronous communication. Its loosely-coupled service-oriented architecture enables deployment of highly-scalable, distributed systems.

Sylwestrzak, Wojtek; Rosiek, Tomasz; Bolikowski, ?ukasz

2012-01-01

484

Teens, Digital Media, and the Chicago Public Library. Research Report  

Science.gov (United States)

Opened in fall 2009, YOUmedia attracts high schoolaged teens who want a safe and welcoming place to hang out and socialize, as well as those with established or nascent interests in both digital and traditional media. With the guidance of staff and the synergy of peer involvement, participants discover and pursue their interests through both…

Sebring, Penny Bender; Brown, Eric R.; Julian, Kate M.; Ehrlich, Stacy B.; Sporte, Susan E.; Bradley, Erin; Meyer, Lisa

2013-01-01

485

The NASA ADS Abstract Service and the Distributed Astronomy Digital Library [and] Project Soup: Comparing Evaluations of Digital Collection Efforts [and] Cross-Organizational Access Management: A Digital Library Authentication and Authorization Architecture [and] BibRelEx: Exploring Bibliographic Databases by Visualization of Annotated Content-based Relations [and] Semantics-Sensitive Retrieval for Digital Picture Libraries [and] Encoded Archival Description: An Introduction and Overview.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that discuss a digital library for astronomy; comparing evaluations of digital collection efforts; cross-organizational access management of Web-based resources; searching scientific bibliographic databases based on content-based relations between documents; semantics-sensitive retrieval for digital picture libraries; and…

Kurtz, Michael J.; Eichorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn S.; Demleitner, Markus; Murray, Stephen S.; Jones, Michael L. W.; Gay, Geri K.; Rieger, Robert H.; Millman, David; Bruggemann-Klein, Anne; Klein, Rolf; Landgraf, Britta; Wang, James Ze; Li, Jia; Chan, Desmond; Wiederhold, Gio; Pitti, Daniel V.

1999-01-01

486

Libraries and open access: the implications of open-access publishing and dissemination for libraries in higher education institutions  

OpenAIRE

This chapter discusses the consequences of open-access (OA) publishing and dissemination for libraries in higher education institutions (HEIs). Key questions (which are addressed in this chapter) include: 1. How might OA help information provision? 2. What changes to library services will arise from OA developments (particularly if OA becomes widespread)? 3. How do these changes fit in with wider changes affecting the future role of libraries? 4. How can libraries and librarians ...

Pinfield, Stephen

2007-01-01

487

??????????????? ???????:???? The Development of Digital Learning Objects for a “Research Methods” Course in Library and Information Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????ADDIE?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????With the continued development of information and communication technologies, and an increased acceptance for new technological products, the digital learning environment has gradually matured. Governments worldwide have invested financial and human resources to create e-learning courses and develop e-learning materials for four purposes: 1 avoid duplicating the same curriculum, 2 increase learning options, 3 enrich the learning experience, and 4 support a society for lifelong learning. This study attempts to apply the ADDIE instructional design model, along with Rapid E-Learning tools, to develop learning objects for “Research Methods,” a common graduate course in the Library and Information Sciences department. The certification standards for e-learning materials, issued by the Ministry of Education, were adopted as the assessment tool to understand the learner’s attitude and preference regarding those learning objects. It is expected that the research outcome serve as a basis for formulating DLO design principles, and for better applying DLOs in the classroom environment.

Shan-Ju L. Chang

2012-03-01

488

The Efficient Storage of Text Documents in Digital Libraries  

OpenAIRE

In this paper we investigate the possibility of improving the efficiency of data compression, and thus reducing storage requirements, for seven widely used text document formats. We propose an open-source text compression software library, featuring an advanced word-substitution scheme with static and semidynamic word dictionaries. The empirical results show an average storage space reduction as high as 78 percent compared to uncompressed documents, and as high as 30 percent compared to...

Skibin?ski, Przemyslaw; Swacha, Jakub

2013-01-01

489

Digital content sewed together within a library catalogue WebLib - The CERN Document Server  

CERN Document Server

Aggregation, harvesting, personalization techniques, portals, service provision, etc. have all become buzzwords. Most of them simply describing what librarians have been doing for hundreds of years. Prior to the Web few people outside the libraries were concerned about these issues, a situation which today it is completely turned upside down. Hopefully the new actors on the arena of knowledge management will take full advantage of all the available "savoir faire". At CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, librarians and informaticians have set up a complete system, WebLib, actually based on the traditional library catalogue. Digital content is, within this framework, being integrated to the highest possible level in order to meet the strong requirements of the particle physics community. The paper gives an overview of the steps CERN has made towards the digital library from the day the laboratory conceived the World Wide Web to present.

Vigen, Jens

2002-01-01

490

University of Nebraska Libraries Digital Collections: Government Comics Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

If titles such as "Adventures of the Garbage Gremlin" and "Adventures on Space Station Freedom" sound like comic book titles, it's because they are. These titles weren't produced by Marvel or DC however, but rather by the federal government. This digital collection of these works is the result of a two-year scanning and research project initiated by Richard Graham, assistant professor and digital media librarian at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. All told, the collection contains 180 comics, posters, and transcripts from congressional hearings on comics. Visitors can search through the entire collection and they will also quickly get a sense of the pedagogical function of these rather curious documents. There are a few "classics" here, including the legendary "Bert The Turtle Says Duck And Cover", which was intended to provide instruction on what to do in case of a nuclear weapon attack.

491

CMOS Low Power Cell Library for Digital Design  

OpenAIRE

Historically, VLSI designers have focused on increasing the speed and reducing the area of digital systems. However, the evolution of portable systems and advanced Deep Sub-Micron fabrication technologies have brought power dissipation as another critical design factor. Low power design reduces cooling cost and increases reliability especially for high density systems. Moreover, it reduces the weight and size of portable devices. The power dissipation in CMOS circuits consis...

Kanika Kaur; Arti Noor

2013-01-01

492

University of San Francisco: Gleeson Library Digital Collections  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of San Francisco has a marvelous archive at their Gleeson Library, where holdings include hundreds of rare documents from the past five centuries penned by a diverse set of literati such as E.M Forster, Sherwood Anderson, and others. All told, the collection contains eighty items, and visitors can browse all of the items by keyword or via a more detailed search. Perhaps the most unique item here is an autography by Saint Ignatius of Loyola. This is a collection that will delight literary scholars, dedicated readers, and others with a penchant for such matters.

493

Elementary, Middle, and High School Students Vary in Frequency and Purpose When Using Online Digital References. A review of: Silverstein, Joanne. “Just Curious: Children’s Use of Digital Reference for Unimposed Queries and Its Importance in Informal Education.” Library Trends 54.2 (Fall 2005: 228?44.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To determine 1 how and with what frequency children use digital references to answer their own unimposed questions; 2 whether digital reference services support their self?initiated learning; 3 whether digital reference services support the transfer of student motivation and curiosity from the formal to the informal; and 4 what instructional and software designers should consider in creating tools that support learning.Design – Inductive analysis.Setting – Virtual Reference Desk’s (VRD Learning Center (http://vrd.askvrd.org/ and the National Science Foundation’s (NSFdigital reference service (http://www.esteme.org during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week (ESTEME, April 11?16, 2005.Subjects – Elementary (K?5, middle (6?8,and high school (9?12 students from the general public. One hundred fourteen questions were analyzed, however there is no indication of the number of different students who submitted the questions.Methods – This study was conducted using a pool of 600 questions from students, teachers, parents, and the general public that were submitted to two digital reference services intended for students. Three hundred experts in the fields of Math and Science volunteered to answer the submitted questions during E