Saracevic, Tefko; Dalbello, Marija
Presents results from a survey on the current state of digital library education in academic institutions. Examines the rationale and orientation for digital library education. Suggests several models that have emerged in the teaching of digital libraries and in incorporation of relevant topics into various curricula. (AEF)
A Framework for Evaluating Digital Library Services; Interdisciplinarity: The Road Ahead for Education in Digital Libraries; Federated Digital Rights Management: A Proposed DRM Solution for Research and Education; Learning Lessons Holistically in the Glasgow Digital Library.
Choudhury, Sayeed; Hobbs, Benjamin; Lorie, Mark; Flores, Nicholas; Coleman, Anita; Martin, Mairead; Kuhlman, David L.; McNair, John H.; Rhodes, William A.; Tipton, Ron; Agnew, Grace; Nicholson, Dennis; Macgregor, George
Includes four articles that address issues related to digital libraries. Highlights include a framework for evaluating digital library services, particularly academic research libraries; interdisciplinary approaches to education about digital libraries that includes library and information science and computing; digital rights management; and the
The DLESE Collection Records illustrate the different collections within the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE). DLESE collections can be quickly and easily browsed by subject topic, grade level, resource type or educational standard.
Fullerton, Karen; Greenberg, Jane; McClure, Maureen; Rasmussen, Edie; Stewart, Darin
Describes Pen-DOR (Pennsylvania Education Network Digital Object Repository), a digital library designed to provide K-12 educators with access to multimedia resources and tools to create new lesson plans and modify existing ones via the World Wide Web. Discusses design problems of a distributed, object-oriented database architecture and describes
This projects introduces digital libraries, digital initiatives, search techniques, and the Instructional Architect Review Rubric. Digital Library Information : The Scope of the Digital Library D-Lib Journal article, 1998 2008 Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL) Annual meeting devoted to Digital Libraries Initiatives : Digital Libraries Initiative The Initiative's focus is to dramatically advance the means to collect, store, and organize information in digital forms, and make it available for searching, retrieval, and processing via communication networks -- all in ...
DWEL is a thematic collection focusing on the science, economics and policy issues of water. Resources in the collection are selected and rigorously reviewed by a diverse group of K-12 and informal science educators with an emphasis on high quality, exemplary digital resources that facilitate learning about all aspects of water in the Earth system in a wide range of learning environments. Many resources in the collection are in alignment with identified core water concepts in national and state science and geography education standards. The collection favors resources that are well-documented, easy to use, bug-free, motivational for learners, pedagogically effective, scientifically accurate, and which foster mastery of important scientific and mathematical understandings and technology skills.
Dong, Andy; Agogino, Alice M.
This implementation paper introduces principles for the information architecture of an educational digital library, principles that address the distinction between designing digital libraries for education and designing digital libraries for information retrieval in general. Design is a key element of any successful product. Good designers and
Purpose: This paper sets out to review how the business of libraries in higher education has changed with the impact of the digital library during the latest decade of Program, in which the content of the journal swung decisively from being primarily about library management systems to primarily being about digital library issues.
Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, Digital Libraries includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.
The Digital Library Curriculum collection contains modules that form the basis for one or a several courses on digital libraries - thus constituting a unified curriculum for the field. They also can be used in computer science, library science, information science, and other programs for other types of courses or as supplements to an existing course. Core topics include digital objects, collection development, knowledge organization, architecture, user behavior and interactions, servics, preservation, management and evaluation and digital library education and research.
Since the early 1990s Digital Libraries have become a major factor for collecting, organising and distributing scientific research. This is especially true in the biomedical sciences. In this article, different definitions of the term Digital Libraries are discussed. Two major definitions are dwelled upon: one emerging from the library world and the other from the world of scientific research. Librarians tend to speak for a broader definition of the term Library....
As the amount of information available in online digital libraries increases exponentially, questions arise concerning the most productive way to use that information to advance learning. Applying the earlier information seeking theories advocated by Kelly (1963), Taylor (1968), and Belkin (1980) to the digital libraries experience, Carol Kuhlthau
Palmer, Bart C.
This dissertation was situated in the crossroads of educational data mining (EDM), educational digital libraries (such as the National Science Digital Library; http://nsdl.org), and examination of teacher behaviors while creating online learning resources in an end-user authoring system, the Instructional Architect (IA; http://ia.usu.edu). The
Purpose: Having access to a library of radiological images in the university setting is important for teaching and learning in diagnostic radiography. Modern modalities such as PETCT create data volumes rather than single static 2D images. A PACS repository of images alone does not constitute a teaching library without some text based searchable index. A review of several options for acquiring a digital teaching library (DTL) of such indexed DICOM data is presented. Discussion: The data protection principles, current guidance and potential methods for migrating and cleansing large quantities of DICOM data from a clinical PACS prior to transfer to a university setting is discussed. The chosen method is described and the important enabling technology identified. Various methods of index construction are outlined and a method of migrating and cleansing HL7 data from a clinical RIS described. Results: Three terabytes of de-normalised DICOM image files were cleansed of patient, staff and geographic identifiers, within the header tags and pixel data. These files were then migrated to an educational PACS hosted at a university. A searchable index database was created based on 90,200 reports and associated data, and 886,263 DICOM headers to enable meaningful results to be found from the 51,304 unique patient specific cases. Conclusion: A large DTL in the university setting using PACS technology is becoming a valuable resource for teaching, learning and assessment.hing, learning and assessment.
Journal of Chemical Education, 2004
The National Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematical Education Digital Library (NSDL), inaugurated in December 2002, is developed to promote science education on a comprehensive scale. The Journal of Chemical, Education (JCE) Digital Library, incorporated into NSDL, contains its own collections of digital resources for chemistry
Bolick, Cheryl Mason; Hicks, David; Lee, John; Molebash, Philip; Doolittle, Peter
Digital libraries are changing the way academic disciplines within universities are conceptualized. The nation's scholars are investing their careers and millions of dollars to use technology to rethink the nature of their disciplines. These advances are affecting academic research and instruction as academic disciplines restructure in response to
The National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library (NSDL) is the National Science Foundation's (NSF) ongoingeffort to build a comprehensive science digital library." This resource by Carl Lagoze et al. describes the interoperability structure for this initial stage of NSDL's development. Issues of heterogenous metadata management in a central repository, search and discovery services, rights management, and user interface are all addressed. These three articles are required reading for anyone interested in the future of digital libraries and cooperative efforts to harness the educational power of the Web. Note: For information on the Internet Scout Project's involvement in NSDL, see http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/nsdl-reports/.
Borgman, Christine L.; Gilliland-Swetland, Anne J.; Leazer, Gregory H.; Mayer, Richard; Gwynn, David; Gazan, Rich; Mautone, Patricia
Discusses the research design for an educational evaluation of the Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType (ADEPT), a digital library of geo-referenced information resources. Reviews the deployment of digital libraries in educational settings, the role of information technology in developing students' scientific thinking, and evaluation of digital
Full Text Available This article throws light on introduction of Digital Library, Definition of Digital Library, Objective, Characteristic of D.L, Advantages & Disadvantages of Digital Library and it also describe components and software of Digital Library. short introduction of few Indian digital libraries.
Brusilovsky, Peter; Yudelson, Michael; Hsiao, I-Han
The paper analyzes three major problems encountered by our team as we endeavored to turn problem solving examples in the domain of programming into highly reusable educational activities, which could be included as first class objects in various educational digital libraries. It also suggests three specific approaches to resolving these problems,
Nelson, Michael L.; Maly, Kurt; Shen, Stewart N. T.
We describe NCSTRL+, a unified, canonical digital library for educational and scientific and technical information (STI). NCSTRL+ is based on the Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library (NCSTRL), a World Wide Web (WWW) accessible digital library (DL) that provides access to over 100 university departments and laboratories. NCSTRL+ implements two new technologies: cluster functionality and publishing "buckets". We have extended the Dienst protocol, the protocol underlying NCSTRL, to provide the ability to "cluster" independent collections into a logically centralized digital library based upon subject category classification, type of organization, and genres of material. The concept of "buckets" provides a mechanism for publishing and managing logically linked entities with multiple data formats. The NCSTRL+ prototype DL contains the holdings of NCSTRL and the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS). The prototype demonstrates the feasibility of publishing into a multi-cluster DL, searching across clusters, and storing and presenting buckets of information.
Bari, Deshmukh A. Hadi A.
This article throws light on introduction of Digital Library, Definition of Digital Library, Need, Objective, Function, Concept; Advantages & Disadvantages of Digital Library and it also describe components of Digital Library.
This digital library provides access to data, documents and images from 822 expeditions by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), dating back to 1903. Materials include shipboard data from cruises (sampling information, seismic profiles, meteorology, and others); expedition photographs; bathymetric seamount maps; and educational resources from the Enduring Resources for Earth Sciences Education (ERESE) program. Since 2001 the collection has matured to include five federated collections: SIO Cruises, SIO Historic Photographs, the Seamounts, Marine Geological Samples, and the Educators Collection, all part of the US National Science Digital Library (NSDL). The collection is searchable by two interfaces; a text based search which allows you to access data and metadata. You can search using controlled vocabularies and view the results in google earth; and the other, accessible through an interactive map interface.
Pomerantz, Jeffrey University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill
This paper is an exploration of digital library services, in both possible senses: services provided digitally by physical libraries, and services provided by digital libraries. Services, regardless of the environment in which they are provided, break down into services performed on materials (technical services) and services provided to individual users and communities of users (public services). Both traditional and new services are discussed as a means for exploring the question of what a ...
Ross, Seamus; Castelli, Donatella; Ioannidis, Yannis; Vullo, Giuseppina; Innocenti, Perla; Candela, Leonardo; Nika, Ana; El Raheb, Katerina; Katifori, Akrivi
This booklet is abstracted and abridged from "The Digital Library Reference Model"- D3.2 DL.org Project Deliverable. The check list is designed to verify whether or not a digital library conforms to the Digital Library Reference Model.
Pappas, Marjorie L.
Research has shown that state virtual or digital libraries are evolving into websites that are loaded with free resources, subscription databases, and instructional tools. In this article, the author explores these evolving libraries based on the following questions: (1) How user-friendly are the state digital libraries?; (2) How do state digital
This article seeks to explore and discuss activities and strategies for including a K-12 educational component in digitization grant projects in academic libraries. The article is based on cases studying the K-12 educational component of the three following grants awarded to East Carolina University Joyner Library by North Carolina Exploring
Lagoze, C; Gan, S; Hillmann, D; Ingram, C; Krafft, D; Marisa, R; Phipps, J; Saylor, J; Terrizzi, C; Hoehn, W; Millman, D; Allan, J; Guzman-Lara, S; Kalt, T; Lagoze, Carl; Arms, William; Gan, Stoney; Hillmann, Diane; Ingram, Christopher; Krafft, Dean; Marisa, Richard; Phipps, Jon; Saylor, John; Terrizzi, Carol; Hoehn, Walter; Millman, David; Allan, James; Guzman-Lara, Sergio; Kalt, Tom
We describe the core components of the architecture for the (NSDL) National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library. Over time the NSDL will include heterogeneous users, content, and services. To accommodate this, a design for a technical and organization infrastructure has been formulated based on the notion of a spectrum of interoperability. This paper describes the first phase of the interoperability infrastructure including the metadata repository, search and discovery services, rights management services, and user interface portal facilities.
Full Text Available Com o avanço vertiginoso das tecnologias de comunicação e da informática, o mundo presencia o surgimento de uma nova sociedade, onde a informação se faz onipresente, mudando nossa forma de pensar e agir. A Sociedade da Informação não é só um fenômeno tecnológico, tem repercussão política, econômica, educacional e cultural.Destacamos, dentre os aspectos educacionais, o surgimento da biblioteca digital e seu papel como provedora de acesso à informação digital. Este artigo tem como objetivo fazer um recorte na literatura sobre a biblioteca digital e educação, onde foi percebida a ausência de bibliotecas escolares digitais, em Portugal e também no Brasil, fato que evidencia uma lacuna no sistema educacional dos referidos países.
The concept of digital libraries is familiar to both librarians and library patrons today. These new libraries have broken the limits of space and distance by delivering information in various formats via the Internet. Since most digital libraries contain a colossal amount of information, it is critical to design more user-friendly interfaces to explore, understand, and manage their content. One important technique for designing such interfaces is information visualization. Although computer-...
Essential competencies required of an information professional to work in the digital environment have been a significant discussion topic the Library and Information science (LIS) world. Both in Norway and Thailand, one of the issues discussed by LIS educators and librarians in several discussions on LIS curriculum development is the competencies required for an information professional to be effective and efficient working in the library, archive, museum and related areas in this digital er...
A new project from the Gender & Diversities Institute and the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse, the Gender and Science Digital Library (GSDL) is a major initiative to create an interactive digital library of high quality gender and science resources. The library will assist K-12 educators in providing equitable science education by raising awareness of the effects that gender has on learning science and sharing teaching methods to address gender differences. The site is currently seeking educators to share resources that they have developed and to review material submitted by others. Teachers can also contribute by responding to a focus group survey on the design of the site. For those users who would like further information, there is also a link to the upcoming conferences in which GSDL will participate. This is an important site to watch for any science teacher concerned about gender equity issues.
Rakosnik, Jiri; Pavlov, Radoslav
The aim of this paper is to survey the European Digital Mathematics Library project goals and achievements as well as an outlook for sustainable development. Making mathematics literature published in Europe available online www.eudml.org
Discussion of digital technology in the context of higher education planning considers how these technologies change teaching; the digital divide; the costs of information technology; hard wiring the campus; material consequences of information technology; digitally enabled crimes and misdemeanors; and libraries and scholarly publishing. Concludes
National Sea Grant Library
The Harmful Algae Digital Library contains a collection of Sea Grant documents in digital format (primarily PDF) arranged by subject area: red tide/PSP, brown tide, ciguatera, killer algae, and Pfiesteria. This collection is part of the National Sea Grant Library (NSGL), which maintains over 36,000 searchable records dedicated to environmental stewardship, long-term economic development and responsible use of America's coastal, ocean and Great Lakes resources.
O'Grady, Michael J; OHare, G. M. P.
Conventional digital libraries increasingly support remote access from mobile devices. However, the archetypical mobile user differs from the conventional user in a number of aspects; of these the most important is context. Synonymous with mobile computing is the context concept, and factoring the availability of select contextual elements into the design of digital libraries offers significant opportunities for adapting and personalising services for the mobile computing community. This pape...
Rákosník, Ji?í; Pavlov, R.
Sofia : Institute of Mathematics and Informatics - BAS, 2013 - (Pavlov, R.; Stanchev, P.), s. 25-34 ISSN 1314-4006. - (Vol. 3). [Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage 2013. Veliko Tarnovo (BG), 19.09.2013-20.09.2013] Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Digital Mathematics Library * European * EuDML Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics
Higher education literature abounds with dark forebodings regarding the impact of the Digital Library on the traditional academic library. In a vein that will be familiar to most of us, the Academic Library Autopsy Report 2050 from the Chronicle of Higher Education argues that librarians are becoming victims of their own success, innovating themselves into irrelevance (Sullivan 2011). But as Bess Sandler of Stanford University Library comments, Mr Sullivan seems to have mistaken transformat...
This document contains information on the activities carried out within the project Science & Technology Digital Library and in particular, it describes the Metadata Core Reference Model. Metadata are strategic for semantic interoperability to and, from the repository. Metadata are essential for available and safe management of digital objects, and for their sustainability and preservation. For these reasons, the project needs to define a specific metadata model. The purpose of this document ...
Marchionini, Gary; Fox, Edward A.
Introduces the nine papers in a special issue focusing on progress toward digital libraries. Articles fall into three categories: history and activities about digital libraries (DL); understanding digital library users; and extending and integrating through digital libraries. (AEF)
Fox, Edward A
Digital libraries (DLs) have evolved since their launch in 1991 into an important type of information system, with widespread application. This volume advances that trend further by describing new research and development in the DL field that builds upon the 5S (Societies, Scenarios, Spaces, Structures, Streams) framework, which is discussed in three other DL volumes in this series.While the 5S framework may be used to describe many types of information systems, and is likely to have even broader utility and appeal, we focus here on digital libraries.Drawing upon six (Akbar, Kozievitch, Leidig
Since the last time the Scout Report looked in on The Digital South Asia Library, it has grown tremendously, and scholars with an interest in reference and research materials on South Asia will be delighted to learn about the many new additions to the site. The project is based at the Center for Research Libraries, and participants in the project include the Library of Congress, the Asia Society, the British Library, and the South Asia Microform Project. The materials are contained within eight primary sections on the homepage, including "Indexes", "Images", "Maps", and "Statistics". The "Maps" section contains two complete Imperial gazetteers of India, along with "A Historical Atlas of South Asia" from 1992. Next, the "Statistics" area contains the "Statistical Abstract relating to British India" from 1840 to 1920. Overall, the site is a standout resource for those studying this region, and educators will find much to recommend to their students who are seeking primary and secondary source materials.
Biagioni, Stefania; Carlesi, Carlo; Filippi, Maria
This paper describes the MeCME Digital Library (Mediterranean Coastal Marine Environment DL)construction and its aims, its uniqueness and innovative purposes. Only another Digital Library in Italy covers up the fields of oceanography and marine biology. It is the 'Laguna di Venezia Digital Library'. MeCME main frame as a self-publishing digital library has been based upon LVDL-Laguna di Venezia Digital Libray. Published also as Tecnical Report 2004-TR-147 in MeCME-DL: http://istiserv.isti.cnr...
The goal of the Afghanistan Digital Library at New York University is "to retrieve and restore the first sixty years of Afghanistan's published cultural heritage." This period, from 1871 to 1930, is of great importance as the earliest publications from this time frame are very rare and decades of war have not helped the situation. A team of scholars working at the National Archives in Kabul and NYU has helped to digitize a number of these documents for inclusion in this digital library. The project is sponsored by NYU Libraries, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and The Reed Foundation. Currently, the archive contains over 380 books, and visitors can browse them at their leisure. There is a search feature, but as the transliteration part of the project is still in development, visitors might just want to look around at items they find compelling. The viewer application is quite user-friendly, and visitors can zoom in to examine various details of each work.
Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; Ferro, Nicola; Koutrika, Georgia; Meghini, Carlo; Ioannidis, Yannis; Pagano, Pasquale; Ross, Seamus; Soergel, Dagobert; Agosti, Maristella; Dobreva, Milena; Katifori, Vivi; Schuldt, Heiko
The digital library universe is a complex framework. The growth and evolution of this framework in terms of approaches, solutions and systems, has led to the need of common foundations capable to set the ground for better understanding, communicating, and stimulating further evolutions in this area. The DELOS Digital Library Reference Model aims at contributing to the creation of such foundations. It exploits the collective understanding that has been acquired on Digital Libraries by European...
Biser, Aileen O.
This work investigates performance and scaling issues relevant to large scale distributed digital libraries. Presently, performance and scaling studies focus on specific implementations of production or prototype digital libraries. Although useful information is gained to aid these designers and other researchers with insights to performance and scaling issues, the broader issues relevant to very large scale distributed libraries are not addressed. Specifically, no current studies look at the extreme or worst case possibilities in digital library implementations. A survey of digital library research issues is presented. Scaling and performance issues are mentioned frequently in the digital library literature but are generally not the focus of much of the current research. In this thesis a model for a Generic Distributed Digital Library (GDDL) and nine cases of typical user activities are defined. This model is used to facilitate some basic analysis of scaling issues. Specifically, the calculation of Internet traffic generated for different configurations of the study parameters and an estimate of the future bandwidth needed for a large scale distributed digital library implementation. This analysis demonstrates the potential impact a future distributed digital library implementation would have on the Internet traffic load and raises questions concerning the architecture decisions being made for future distributed digital library designs.
Full Text Available This article describes how we dramatically increased access to our content through the use of sitemap files and sets of browsable links. Digital libraries, when characterized by search and retrieval capabilities, are normally part of the Deep Web, inaccessible to general web crawlers and hence to generalized search engines such as Google. Yet the primary goals of digital libraries include enhancing accessibility, expanding one's audience to the general public, and promoting the library. Leveraging the capabilities of popular search engines is a potentially powerful and low-cost method of meeting these goals. An overview is provided of the problem, the solutions being developed, as well as an exploration of the current methods of remediation and their applicability to two other search engines, Yahoo! and Ask. A selection of methods is implemented for a dynamically-delivered database of 1081 finding aids (in the form of Encoded Archival Description. Access statistics (ruling out crawlers already indicate a remarkable increase in user and hit counts as a result.
The SciELO Brazilian Scientific Journal Gateway and Open Archives; Usability of Hypermedia Educational e-Books; Building Upon the MyLibrary Concept To Better Meet the Information Needs of College Students; Open Archives and UK Institutions; The Utah Digital Newspapers Project; Examples of Practical Digital Libraries.
Marcondes, Carlos Henrique; Sayao, Luis Fernando; Diaz, Paloma; Gibbons, Susan; Pinfield, Stephen; Kenning, Arlitsch; Edge, Karen; Yapp, L.; Witten, Ian H.
Includes six articles that focus on practical uses of technologies developed from digital library research in the areas of education and scholarship reflecting the international impact of digital library research initiatives. Includes the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) (Brazil); the National Science Foundation (NSF) (US); the Joint
The mission of the International Children's Digital Library is "to have every culture and language represented so that every child can know and appreciate the riches of children's literature from the world community." It's a lofty goal indeed, and by looking over their website, visitors will find that they are well on their way to achieving this goal. So far, they have placed hundreds of books online, and visitors can click on "Read Books" to check out the fruits of their labors. Here they will find a selection of featured books, along with a drop-down menu that lets users look for books in dozens of languages. Of course, visitors can also click on a range of thematic listings, such as "real animal characters", "picture books", and "kid characters". Visitors can also learn how they can contribute to the ongoing work of the Library, and they may also wish to sign up for a free account while they are here.
Pilliod, David S.; Welty, Justin L.
The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey to catalog legacy land treatment information on Bureau of Land Management lands in the western United States. The LTDL can be used by federal managers and scientists for compiling information for data-calls, producing maps, generating reports, and conducting analyses at varying spatial and temporal scales. The LTDL currently houses thousands of treatments from BLM lands across 10 states. Users can browse a map to find information on individual treatments, perform more complex queries to identify a set of treatments, and view graphs of treatment summary statistics.
Full Text Available Between the obligation of carrying out their mission to ensure the quality development of higher education and the right to function as important centers where knowledge is taken, developed and transmitted, this paper will examine the technological developments of university libraries as an important part of higher education. Digital and electronic experiences applied in Albanian universities libraries will be brought to the attention of the public. This paper is based on the questionnaire survey conducted at public university libraries in Albania. Opinions of librarians regarding ICT application were elicited using a structured questionnaire, followed up with interviews. In the case of non-response by libraries is consulted their official web sites to have a more complete information. In addition, secondary sources were consulted as domestic and foreign literature in this field. Results show that: 1 the level of application information technology in public university libraries in Albania is acceptable. The most important and serious problem is the lack of the unique University Library ICT Policy; 2 serious handicap is the lack of educated librarians in using information technology; 3 the proportion of university library activity goes more digital, so the digital collection becomes reality in the public university libraries. This paper brings conclusions that contribute to: a national information communication technology policy for university libraries and b the creation of an integrated system for management and transmission of knowledge at the national level for all Albanian university libraries.
Raghunadha Reddy, T.
With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.
Khoo, Michael Department Of Communication
Digital libraries are complex sociotechnical artifacts. As such they will be understood and treated in different ways by the different groups that interact with them. The different understandings of these groups will be rooted in the differing tacit, underlying 'technological frames' that they will have of digital libraries as technologies. In cases where developers and users are both involved in the development of digital library collections, and where the frames of developers and users diff...
Between the obligation of carrying out their mission to ensure the quality development of higher education and the right to function as important centers where knowledge is taken, developed and transmitted, this paper will examine the technological developments of university libraries as an important part of higher education. Digital and electronic experiences applied in Albanian universities libraries will be brought to the attention of the public. This paper is based on the questionnaire su...
This wide-ranging collection from the Huntington Library brings together well over 100,000 items from its prodigious physical collection, which includes 7 million manuscripts, 1.3 million photographs, and prints. As the homepage of its digital collections, this site includes Maps, Rare Books, and Southern California Edison Photographs and Negatives. This last collection offers over 70,000 items from the photographic archive of the electricity supply company, Southern California Edison. The topics covered here alone are exhaustive and range from employee gatherings, streetscapes, advertisements, and small businesses. Another area that should not be missed is the collection of photographs by Maynard L. Parker who documented well-known and lesser-known homes all around Los Angeles and Southern California from the 1930s to the 1970s.
Designed as an pilot project to assess the scientific and pedagogical quality of selected digital resources in the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE), the Climate Change Collection is thematic collection of digital resources relating to the topic of global climate change. Developed through the collaborative efforts of an interdisciplinary review team made up of professionals from the fields of climate research, geoscience education, cognitive psychology, and evaluation, the findings of the project suggest that the user needs of the reviewers should be considered in any review process, that there is inherent value in the collaboration of scientists, teachers and related fields in determining the quality of particular resources, and that the process of preparing for and conducting such reviews and annotations is time-consuming and challenging. Drawing from the experience of prior collection development efforts associated with DLESE, including the Community Review System and the Digital Water Education Library, the Climate Change Collection was developed during the Fall of 2004 and Winter of 2005. Through a series of monthly meetings with the review team facilitated by the Principal Investigator acting as Editor for the collection, and assisted by an online workspace known as a SWIKI, the Climate Change Collection was designed as an experiment in streamlined collection development that may help inform future digital library review and collection-building efforts. The initial meetings focused on training the reviewers, setting context for the review process, and discussing the perspectives of the various participants in the review team. Each participant received a stipend for their involvement in the process. A rubric "scorecard" was developed, tested, and fine-tuned by the review team with a focus primarily on scientific accuracy and the potential for effective use in the classroom. Specific concepts relating to aspects of natural climate variability and human impacts on the climate system were examined, with existing resources cataloged within DLESE being the primary materials reviewed. Each complete "scorecard" review, is posted on the web, and is accessible through a summary review that highlights the overall rating from the reviewers and key annotations of the reviewers, including suggestions on classroom use of the resource.
La biblioteca digital y la educación a distancia como entes inseparables para incrementar la calidad de la educación Digital Library and Distant Education as inseparable entities to better quality of education
Brenda Cabral Vargas
Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda la biblioteca digital como un elemento indispensable para la educación a distancia, y plantea el modo en que dicha biblioteca puede incrementar la calidad de esta modalidad de la educación. Se muestran además las actividades escolares que pueden ser mejoradas con el uso de la biblioteca digital. Los planteamientos construidos en este artículo se sustentan primeramente en una investigación documental sobre los distintos elementos que interactúan en la educación a distancia, pero también se apoyan en un análisis crítico de varias modalidades a distancia analizadas. El objetivo de este trabajo tiene tres vertientes: la primera es mostrar a la biblioteca digital como un espacio educativo; la segunda se refiere a los diferentes aspectos que deben considerarse para lograr que la biblioteca sea la columna medular de este tipo de modalidad educativa, y la tercera es proponer elementos que permitan mejorar la calidad de la educación a distancia a través de su interacción con la biblioteca digital.Digital library is shown as an indispensable element in distant education, and as a way to improve the quality of this type of education. This paper is based in documentary research but also supported in some benchmarking. The objective is three folded: a to show digital library as an educational space; b to refer to the different aspects which may be taken into account in order to make this type of library the central column in this educational modality, and c to propose some scholar activities that could be improved with the use of a digital library.
La biblioteca digital y la educación a distancia como entes inseparables para incrementar la calidad de la educación / Digital Library and Distant Education as inseparable entities to better quality of education
Brenda, Cabral Vargas.
Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda la biblioteca digital como un elemento indispensable para la educación a distancia, y plantea el modo en que dicha biblioteca puede incrementar la calidad de esta modalidad de la educación. Se muestran además las actividades escolares que pueden ser mejoradas con el uso de [...] la biblioteca digital. Los planteamientos construidos en este artículo se sustentan primeramente en una investigación documental sobre los distintos elementos que interactúan en la educación a distancia, pero también se apoyan en un análisis crítico de varias modalidades a distancia analizadas. El objetivo de este trabajo tiene tres vertientes: la primera es mostrar a la biblioteca digital como un espacio educativo; la segunda se refiere a los diferentes aspectos que deben considerarse para lograr que la biblioteca sea la columna medular de este tipo de modalidad educativa, y la tercera es proponer elementos que permitan mejorar la calidad de la educación a distancia a través de su interacción con la biblioteca digital. Abstract in english Digital library is shown as an indispensable element in distant education, and as a way to improve the quality of this type of education. This paper is based in documentary research but also supported in some benchmarking. The objective is three folded: a) to show digital library as an educational s [...] pace; b) to refer to the different aspects which may be taken into account in order to make this type of library the central column in this educational modality, and c) to propose some scholar activities that could be improved with the use of a digital library.
Several years ago, the author and traveler Susan Orlean brought the world of those obsessed with orchids to the general book-reading public. These rather entrancing flowers had a substantial following before her work, and they remain a passion for many. Working in collaboration, Michigan State University, the American Orchid Society, the Missouri Botanical Garden, and the National Agricultural Library have assisted in the creation of this lovely online digitized collection. Here, visitors can electronically traipse through such gems as the periodical â??The Orchid Worldâ? from 1911 and 1912, then move on to more demanding texts such as â??Die Orchideen von Javaâ?, compiled by one Johannes Jacobus Smith. Accompanied by detailed illustrations of orchids, visitors will find much to delight in throughout these various taxonomical works. Of course, visitors would be remiss not to visit the narrative accounts of orchid-collecting presented here, particularly â??About Orchids: A Chatâ? by Frederick Boyle. In it, they will find such passionate panegyrics as those expressed in this sentence: â??I take it that orchids meet a craving of the cultured soul which began to be felt at the moment when kindly powers provided means to satisfy itâ?.
The Darlington Digital Library was created from the first major collection of books, manuscripts, and maps donated to the University of Pittsburgh. The lion's share of the credit for this collection goes to the attorney William M. Darlington, who was born in Pittsburgh in 1815. During his long life, Darlington collected items like John James Audubon's "Birds of America" and hundreds of lithographs, broadsides, and other items. The collection eventually found its way to the university in 1925, and this collection contains over 3,000 items from its holdings. Visitors can scan through the major sections here via the Atlases, Books, Broadsides, and Images areas. The Atlases area includes five gems, including the Novus Orbis Regio, which features North and South America as Simon Gyrnaeus imagined them in 1532. The Broadsides area is a real treat, containing a proclamation by President George Washington declaring February 19, 1795 as a "Day of Public Thanksgiving and Prayer." Finally, users can use the search engine to look for items of particular interest. [KMG
Simon, Scott James; University of South Florida
This paper surveys information architecture in the context of digital libraries. Key concepts are defined as well as common attributes of information architectures in general. Communications standards including hybrid TCP/IP-OSI, CORBA, and Web services are explored, as well as the history of information architecture and related models. A number of digital library projects are analyzed with a focus on their distinct architectures. The key role of information architecture in the design...
Full Text Available This paper presents the outcomes of a Digital Library Feasibility Study at the Wellcome Library. In particular, the study looked at the interoperability and integration between systems, including a back-end digital asset management (DAM system with attached storage, a front-end delivery system, the use of METS to manage delivery of content, a full-text database with search engine, and a workflow management system.
On-line presentation and site-demonstration delivered at the Symposium 'Out of the e-Box' held 19 and 20 September 2012, at the Carnegie Centre for Library Leadership and Training, Merensky II Library, University of Pretoria.
This fine Website provides searchable access to a number of voluminous document collections from diverse sources around the world in the fields of history, humanitarian and global development, computer science, music, and literature. These databases are chock full of documents, reports, articles, bibliographies, periodicals, and audio/ video files. The Website's searching and browsing interfaces are provided by Greenstone digital library software and enable easy, effective searching through these substantial collections, which include materials from the UN University, the Food and Agriculture organization, the Humanity Development Library, the World Environment Library, the Bibliotheque pour le Developpement, and more. Also included here are interfaces for the Gutenberg Project (see the November 22, 1996 Scout Report), a women's history collection, a youth oral history covering the lives of New Zealand children in the pre- and post-World War II years, the New Zealand Digital Music Library, and even an extensive music video collection (note: download times for videos can be several minutes). Two of the collections -- on Arabic and Chinese studies -- appear to be still under construction. The great boon of the site, of course, is the fact that rather than simply serving as a gateway, it allows users to immediately access the various materials brought up by the interface. "The New Zealand Digital Library project is a research program at The University of Waikato whose aim is to develop the underlying technology for digital libraries and make it available publicly so that others can use it to create their own collections."
Eden, Bradford Lee
Each summer, circulation staff in my library inventories a section of the stacks andbrings collection issues to the attention of appropriate bibliographers. Since I amresponsible for the economics collection, I see an array of government documents thathave managed to elude the cataloging process. Many of these titles are decades old,having squatted in the library undisturbed and uncirculated since our online catalogwas implemented in 1990.
Fox, Edward A; Shen, Rao
In 1991, a group of researchers chose the term digital libraries to describe an emerging field of research, development, and practice. Since then, Virginia Tech has had funded research in this area, largely through its Digital Library Research Laboratory. This book is the first in a four book series that reports our key findings and current research investigations. Underlying this book series are five completed dissertations (Gonçalves, Kozievitch, Murthy, Shen, Torres), nine dissertations underway, and many masters theses. These reflect our experience with a long string of prototype or produc
The ADL collection provides searching capabilities over geographically-referenced materials. Geographically-referenced means information objects are associated with one or more regions, often called footprints, on the Earth's surface. The ADL collection contains information that supports basic science, including the Earth and social sciences. The ADL collection offers geospatial search as the primary search mechanism. This collection contains photographs, digital elevation models, digital raster graphics, Landsat and AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) satellite imagery and world maps.
In this thought-provoking and unabashedly optimistic book, he explores how massive digital libraries are already adapting to society''s needs, and looks ahead to the massive digital libraries of tomorrow.
Candela, Leonardo; ATHANASOPOULOS, GEORGE; Castelli, Donatella; El Raheb, Katerina; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, A.; Vullo, Giuseppina; Ross, Seamus
This booklet is abstracted and abridged from "The Digital Library Reference Model"- D3.2b DL.org project Deliverable, April 2011. The booklet is focused on identifying he cornerstone elements characterising the whole digital library domain.
Buchanan, Steven; Gibb, Forbes; Simmons, Susan; McMenemy, David
Collaboration in the digital domain offers an opportunity to provide enhanced digital services and extended reach to the community. This article adopts a service-oriented perspective through which it considers environmental drivers for digital library collaboration; discusses emergent collaborative partnerships across UK educational institutions,
Castelli, Donatella; Fox, Edward A
This document presents the results of the workshop on "Foundations of Digital Libraries" held in connection with the ACM-IEEE JCDL 2007 Conference in June in Vancouver. The papers presented during the workshop aimed to contribute to laying the foundations for digital libraries as a whole, as well as continuing the work on the definition of a Reference Model for Digital Libraries that was launched by the EU DELOS Network of Excellence on Digital Libraries.
Castelli, Donatella; Candela, Leonardo
DL.org (www.dlorg.eu), a European Coordination Action on "Digital Library Interoperability, Best Practices and Modelling Foundations", has recently finalised a new version of the "Digital Library Reference Model". This has been produced by using the DELOS Digital Library Reference Model (produced in February 2008) as a firm starting point and drawing on global expertise harnessed through six working groups made up of more than 50 international experts who are active in the Digital Library dom...
Haverford College has been producing a range of student-led digital projects for almost a decade and these works (along with more formal staff initiatives) are all available right here. Under Projects, visitors can look over neat works such as Mapping Microfinance and the very cool Bit By Bit, which is an illustrated history of computing crafted by two students and a digital scholarship librarian. The Toolboxes section contains links to high-quality public domain resources, complete with headings like Create Maps, Visualize Data, and Create a Digital Exhibit. Other projects highlight an archive of statements made by al-Qaeda and an interactive urban-studies-style exploration of nearby Lancaster Avenue.
Full Text Available Conversion of classic and digital libraries into digital libraries is now passe. With evolution of technologies, classic libraries have upgraded themselves and have emerged as library and information centres. This paper discusses the integration of computer technologies with library and information science, and how semantics can be customised for library operations, and what can be the measures for converting routine tasks to semantic tasks. The paper concludes that making social semantic digital library is not at and the only thing required is to reduce the gap between library and Semantic Web communities.
This rather remarkable collection based at the University of Florida is a unique collaboration between that institution and a range of academic libraries, historical societies, and other organizations throughout the Caribbean. The collections here include the Panama and the Canal, Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library, and the Vodou Archive. The Panama and the Canal archive contains 172 items related to the history and geography of the Panama and Canal Zone. The items here include annual reports on the progress of the Canal's construction, along with photographs and maps. Moving on, the Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library offers a range of historic newspapers from Cuba, Brazil, and other countries in the region. Finally, the Vodou Archive contains 70 photographs, paintings, book covers and other items that document Vodou religion and culture.
Developed by the Scholarly Communication Center of Rutgers University Libraries, this site offers access to an impressive array of materials related to the New Jersey environment. The scope of the collection is quite broad, including citizen information, technical reports, photographic tours, and even some full-length videos. In addition, many of the items in the digital library are ephemeral or grey literature, typically unavailable through common research tools. Visitors may search the collection by keyword or phrase, title, or author, or browse via one of three pull-down menus: theme, place (county), and document type. As if all this were not enough, the library will also digitize documents on demand, and environmental organizations and individual researchers can submit their materials directly to the collection (select "submit records" for instructions). An excellent resource and a model for other states.
Xie, Hong; Wolfram, Dietmar
Examines contributing factors for the organizational usability of state digital libraries through evidence from usage statistics of Internet-based database services available through a state digital library, a statewide-administered library survey, and a Web-based survey of users. Presents an organizational usability model for state digital
Full Text Available In the sector of technologies for the Information Society, the General Direction for Library Heritage and Cultural Institutes has promoted two programs: · SBN: The National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale · BDI: The Italian Digital Library (Biblioteca Digitale Italiana and another project, which was approved on March 18, 2003: · BDI&NTC: The Italian Digital Library and Cultural Tourist Network
Kahl, Chad M.; Williams, Sarah C.
To ensure efficient access to and integrated searching capabilities for their institution's new digital library projects, the authors studied Web sites of the Association of Research Libraries' (ARL) 111 academic, English-language libraries. Data were gathered on 1117 digital projects, noting library Web site and project access, metadata, and
Matthews, Joseph R
Academic libraries are increasingly being asked to demonstrate their value as one of many units on campus, but determining the outcomes of an academic library within the context of its collegiate setting is challenging. This book explains and clarifies the practice of assessment in academic institutions, enabling library managers to better understand and explain the impact of the library on student learning outcomes, teaching effectiveness, and research productivity. Providing essential information for all college and university librarians, this volume discusses and summarizes the outcomes of research that has been conducted to investigate assessment within the context of higher education. This updated second edition incorporates additional research, examines new trends, and covers groundbreaking advances in digital assessment tools as well as the changes in the amount and forms of data utilized in the assessment process. The chapters address assessment from a campus setting and present data that demonstrate...
Access of Digitized Print Originals in US and UK Higher Education Libraries Combined with Print Circulation Indicates Increased Usage of Traditional Forms of Reading Materials. A Review of: Joint, Nicholas. Is Digitisation the New Circulation?: Borrowing Trends, Digitisation and the nature of reading in US and UK Libraries. Library Review 57.2 (2008: 87-95.
Full Text Available Objective To discern the statistical accuracy of reports that print circulation is in decline in libraries, particularly higher education libraries in the United States (USand United Kingdom (UK, and to determine if circulation patterns reflect a changing dynamic in patron reading habits.Design Comparative statistical analysis.Setting Library circulation statistics from as early as 1982 to as recent as 2006, culled from various sources with specific references to statistics gathered by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA, the Library and Information Statistics Unit (LISU, the Association of Research Libraries (ARL, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES, and the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL.Subjects Higher education institutions in the United States and United Kingdom, along with public libraries to a lesser extent.Methods This study consists of an analysis of print circulation statistics in public and higher education libraries in the US and UK, combined with data on multimedia circulation in public libraries and instances of digital access in university libraries. Specifically, NEA statistics provided data on print readership levels in the US from 1982 to 2002; LISU statistics were analyzed for circulation figures and gate counts in UK public libraries; ARL statistics from 1996 to 2006 provided circulation data for large North American research libraries; NCES statistics from 1990 to 2004 contributed data on circulation in tertiary level US higher education libraries; and ACRL statistics were analyzed for more circulation numbers for US post-secondary education libraries. The study further includes data on UK trends in print readership and circulation in UK higher education libraries, and trends in US public library circulation of non-print materials.Main Results Analysis of the data indicates that print circulation is down in US and UK public libraries and in ARL member libraries, while it is up in the non-ARL higher education libraries represented and in UK higher education libraries. However, audio book circulation in US public libraries supplements print circulation to the point where overall circulation of book materials is increasing, and the access of digital literature supplements print circulation in ARL member libraries (although the statistics are difficult to measure and meld with print circulation statistics. Essentially, the circulation of book material is increasing in most institutions when all formats are considered. According to the author, library patrons are reading more than ever; the materials patrons are accessing are traditional in content regardless of the means by which the materials are accessed.Conclusion The author contends that print circulation is in decline only where digitization efforts are extensive, such as in ARL-member libraries; when digital content is factored into the equation the access of book-type materials is up in most libraries. The author speculates that whether library patrons use print or digital materials, the content of those materials is largely traditional in nature, thereby resulting in the act of literary reading remaining a focal point of library usage. Modes of reading and learning have not changed, at least insofar as these things may be inferred from studying circulation statistics. The author asserts that digital access is favorable to patrons and that libraries should attempt to follow the ARL model of engaging in large scale digitization projects in order to provide better service to their patrons; the author goes on to argue that UK institutions with comparable funding to ARLs will have greater success in this endeavour if UK copyright laws are relaxed.
Full Text Available In this era of transition from information age to knowledge society, the libraries have much greaterchallenges to face. The whole perception of library has now changed from collection of books to a singlewindow knowledge bank. This paper discusses the definition and features of open source library managementsoftware, criteria of selection of best open source library management software, their, advantages andlimitations. Open source library management software is a solution to reducing that cost. The paper describesin brief about the feature of some of the open source library management software like Greenstone DigitalLibrary, DSpace, Koha, E-Prints, NewGenlib. PhpMyLibrary, OpenBiblio, Avanti, etc., which are useful fordeveloping digital library and institutional repositories.The paper also highlight the initiatives taken in India tomake use of open source library management software for developing their digital libraries.
Both the digital library and the digital reference service were invented and have been developed under the networked environment. Among their intersections, the fundamental thing is their symbiotic interest--serving the user in a more efficient way. The article starts by discussing the digital library and its service and the digital reference
Gianni Vercelli; Stefano Bianchi; Giuliano Vivanet
Large amounts of scientific digital contents are nowadays held by scientific institutions which collect, produce and store information valuable for dissemination, work, study and research. In this context, the development of the web and learning technologies has brought new opportunities for teachers and learners to retrieve and share pedagogical objects. This paper introduces the use of a semantic approach developed within the EC funded AquaRing project with the aim of improving access to th...
A Metadata Registry for the Semantic Web; Meta-Design of a Community Digital Library; Levels of Service for Digital Repositories; Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights: A Digital Library Context.
Heery, Rachel; Wagner, Harry; Wright, Michael; Marlino, Mary; Sumner, Tamara; LeFurgy, William G.; Sullivan, Robert
These four articles discuss the role of metadata registries for the Semantic Web; the development of a community digital library called the Digital Library for Earth System Education using meta-design; digital preservation and levels of service for digital repositories; and digitizing cultural materials and indigenous cultural and intellectual
Full Text Available Digital library is a term for a library of the present and of the future challenging the traditional libraries. Authors are interested mostly in the digital space of Slovene academic instutions. In the research, the digital collections of most of the University of Ljubljana faculties are examined. A questionnaire was used to obtain information about the users' (students' needs and their acquaintance with the concept of the digital library. Two things were expected: the research was aimed at finding the positive effect of digital libraries on studies, and the questionnaire as an incentive in the library profession for further research. The questionnaire was made in the end of 1999 at the Faculty of Arts in Ljubljana (FF. It included 275 students of FF. The results showed that the students of librarianship had a better understanding of the term digital library than the students of other courses. A personal computer is used frequently and with pleasure by most questioned students. The term digital library is known to 71,1% of the students of librarianship, and only to 43,8% of others. Most of the students chose the correct definition of the digital library (the digital library is a collection of disparate systems and resources, accessible on the net, but that was, by the authors' opinion, mostly a lucky guess. According to the findings of the research, the authors believe that future development will improve and accelerate a wider use of digital libraries, in Slovenia as well.
There is a growing shift to digital offerings among public libraries. Libraries increasingly are fulfilling roles as technology hubs for their communities, with high demand for technology and career development training resources. Ebooks and other digital materials are on the rise, while print is being scaled back. More libraries are turning to
Boyd, Kate Foster; Creighton, Alma
In this article, the authors discuss ways one can create a digital library on a shoestring despite the current high technology costs. Here, they describe the University of South Carolina's digital library development. The cost associated with building and maintaining the digital collections seems to have been worth it based on the feedback that
Huang, Kuo Hung, Ed.
Digital library is commonly seen as a type of information retrieval system which stores and accesses digital content remotely via computer networks. However, the vision of digital libraries is not limited to technology or management, but user experience. This book is an attempt to share the practical experiences of solutions to the operation of
As librarians confront the Information Age, it is imperative that they remain aware of the issues that affect the profession. Traditional library skills are no longer adequate for maintaining a competitive edge in the field. Post-graduate education in digital libraries offers information professionals an opportunity to broaden their knowledge of
Innocenti, Perla; Smith, MacKenzie; Ashley, Kevin; Ross, Seamus; De Robbio, Antonella; Pfeiffenberger, Hans; Faundeen, John
Underpinning every digital library and digital repository there is a policy framework, which makes the digital library viable - without a policy framework a digital library is little more than a container for content. Policy governs how a digital library is instantiated and run. It is therefore a meta-domain which is situated both outside the digital library and any technologies used to deliver it, and within the digital library itself. Policy is also a key aspect of digital library and digit...
Madalli, Devika P.; Barve, Sunita; Amin, Saiful
Digital archives and digital library projects are being initiated all over the world for materials of different formats and domains. To organize, store, and retrieve digital content, many libraries as well as archiving centers are using either proprietary or open-source software. While it is accepted that print media can survive for centuries with
Sastry, Hanumat G.; Manjunath G; Venkatadri. M; Reddy, Lokanatha C.
The proliferation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has provided a well sophisticated environment for the development of digital libraries. The usability of a digital library primarily depends upon its user interface (UI) system. Designing effective user interface system for digital libraries is a complex task. User Interface Framework is helpful to design effective interface system, as it identifies and focuses on the various factors and limitations that influence the desig...
Zhou, Xiao-Hu; Zhou, Ding-Wu
A higher spectral resolution is the main direction of developing remote sensing technology, and it is quite important to set up the digital ground object reflectance spectral database library, one of fundamental research fields in remote sensing application. Remote sensing application has been increasingly relying on ground object spectral characteristics, and quantitative analysis has been developed to a new stage. The present article summarized and systematically introduced the research status quo and development trend of digital ground object reflectance spectral libraries at home and in the world in recent years. Introducing the spectral libraries has been established, including desertification spectral database library, plants spectral database library, geological spectral database library, soil spectral database library, minerals spectral database library, cloud spectral database library, snow spectral database library, the atmosphere spectral database library, rocks spectral database library, water spectral database library, meteorites spectral database library, moon rock spectral database library, and man-made materials spectral database library, mixture spectral database library, volatile compounds spectral database library, and liquids spectral database library. In the process of establishing spectral database libraries, there have been some problems, such as the lack of uniform national spectral database standard and uniform standards for the ground object features as well as the comparability between different databases. In addition, data sharing mechanism can not be carried out, etc. This article also put forward some suggestions on those problems. PMID:19810544
Full Text Available Copyright and intellectual property rights (IPR have been established and extended over hundreds ofyears. Although initially developed to give a publisher control over the right to publish (copy a work, theywere extended to give rights to authors, painters, photographers, film producers, software writers, and manyothers. Access to information is the buzzword of the recent past and today is essential in business, education,and research and has a direct impact on literacy levels, economic growth, and quality of life. Information hubs/houses like archives, libraries and museums, etc. have had a fundamental role to play in the development ofa democratic society by enabling access for all members of the community to a wide range of knowledge,ideas, opinion as well as cultural, and scientific and educational information. Libraries provide access to digitalmaterial through a variety of legal constructs; license agreements, exceptions under national copyright law,legal deposit, and the public domain. Digital rights management (DRM poses a threat. At worst, it can blockaccess, at best it can inhibit by making access time-consuming and costly to arrange. Today, these institutionsare crippled by a parallel harmonisation of limitations and exceptions thrust upon them by technology (digitalthat serve the public interest, glorifying the rights and de-meaning fair-use. An attempt has been made in this article to introduce the issues concerning the copyright protection in the digital library environment.
Full Text Available Copyright and intellectual property rights (IPR have been established and extended over hundreds ofyears. Although initially developed to give a publisher control over the right to publish (copy a work, theywere extended to give rights to authors, painters, photographers, film producers, software writers, and manyothers. Access to information is the buzzword of the recent past and today is essential in business, education,and research and has a direct impact on literacy levels, economic growth, and quality of life. Information hubs/houses like archives, libraries and museums, etc. have had a fundamental role to play in the development ofa democratic society by enabling access for all members of the community to a wide range of knowledge,ideas, opinion as well as cultural, and scientific and educational information. Libraries provide access to digitalmaterial through a variety of legal constructs; license agreements, exceptions under national copyright law,legal deposit, and the public domain. Digital rights management (DRM poses a threat. At worst, it can blockaccess, at best it can inhibit by making access time-consuming and costly to arrange. Today, these institutionsare crippled by a parallel harmonisation of limitations and exceptions thrust upon them by technology (digitalthat serve the public interest, glorifying the rights and de-meaning fair-use. An attempt has been made inthis article to introduce the issues concerning the copyright protection in the digital library environment.
This book brings together international experience of business planning for digital libraries: the business case, the planning processes involved, the costs and benefi ts, practice and standards, and comparison with the traditional library where appropriate. Although there is a vast literature already on other aspects of digital libraries, business planning is a subject that until now has not been systematically integrated in a book.Digital libraries are being created not only by traditional libraries, but by museums, archives, media organizations, and indeed any organization concerned with ma
The Digital Radiology Image Learning Library (DRILL) is designed as an interactive teaching tool targeted to the radiologic community. The DRILL pilot comprises a comprehensive mammographic information base consisting of factual data in a relational database, an extensive knowledge base in semantic nets and high-resolution images. A flexible query module permits the user to browse and retrieve examination data, case discussions, and related images. Other applications, including expert systems, instructional programs, and skill building exercises, can be accessed through well-defined software constructs
Peycheva, Lozanka; Kirov, Nikolay
The paper presents the main results of an ongoing project aimed at the development of technologies for digitization of Bulgarian folk music and building a heterogeneous digital library with Bulgarian folk songs presented with their music, notes and text. An initial digitization and preservation of the Bulgarian cultural heritage starts by means of digitization and insertion into the library of over 1000 songs that were recorded and written down during the 60s and 70s of XX c...
Batiancila, Marcial R.
In the context of knowledge management (KM) in the field of digital libraries (DL), communities of practice (CoPs) is one of the unexplored areas of interests for research, as compared with those in the fields of business and management, education, engineering and medical sciences. Greater importance is being placed on those communities on their ability to share knowledge, facilitate knowledge transfer and most importantly in providing the proper context for learning to ta...
Based at Emory University, the Pitts Theology Library has a number of digital archives that are worthy of mention. This particular one brings together over 28,000 images of biblical illustrations. The archive also includes engravings of church buildings and religious leaders. Visitors can search the archive by call number or Bible verse, which is a rather helpful way to look for items of interest. Visitors are also encouraged to use these images for use in church publications, research papers, and other educational settings. Also, visitors can use the "Revised Common Lectionary" area to identify commonly used items, like Gospel lessons and Hebrew Bible lessons. The site is rounded out by a "FAQ" area and a link to the Library's main Special Collection site.
D'Alessandro, Michael P.; Galvin, Jeffrey R.; Colbert, Stephana I.; D'Alessandro, Donna M.; Choi, Teresa A.; Aker, Brian D.; Carlson, William S.; Pelzer, Gay D.
During the creation of a university digital library and press intended to serve as a medical reference and education tool for health care providers and their patients, six distinct and complex digital publishing challenges were encountered. Over nine years, through a multidisciplinary approach, solutions were devised to the challenges of digital content ownership, management, mirroring, translation, interactions with users, and archiving. The result is a unique, author-owned, internationally ...
Candela, Leonardo; Athanasopoulos, George; Castelli, Donatella; El Raheb, Katerina; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, Ana; Vullo, Giuseppina; Ross, Seamus
The booklet is an abstracted and abridged from the "Digital Library Reference Model" - D3.2b DL.org deliverable, April 2011 - that is a conceptual framework aimed at capturing significant entities and relationships in the digital library universe with the goal of developing a concrete model of it.
Dobreva, Milena; Feliciati, Pierluigi
As the information environment becomes increasingly electronic, digital libraries have proliferated, but the focus has often been on innovations in technology and not the user. This title provides a clear overview of the user studies domain and user issues in digital libraries.
?. 66 (2006), s. 46-47. ISSN 0926-4981 R&D Projects: GA AV ?R 1ET200190513 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : digital library * mathematics * world digital mathematics library Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics
Rajab Abd al-Hamed
Full Text Available An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.
Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella
DL.org (www.dlorg.eu), a European Coordination Action on "Digital Library Interoperability, Best Practices and Modelling Foundations", has recently completed an important two-year research activity that investigated interoperability in Digital Libraries.Its results are described here.
Kishore Kumar, D.; Yssr Murthy; Ramakrishna, D.; Akurati Venkat Rohit
Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly a...
Smeaton, Alan F.
Digital Libraries can contain content stored in a variety of media - text either handwritten or machine-readable, images, audio, video, and combinations of these. Digital Libraries research has, for the most part, been concerned with capturing and organising this material, working on issues like interoperability, security, rights management, encoding standards, and other issues. But what of content-based access techniques, when we wish to find things that we're looking for in those libraries ...
Maccoll, John; Jones, Richard D.; Andrew, Theo
We begin by looking at the concept of institutional repositories within the broader context of digital libraries. Digital libraries can mean many things, but we consider them to be libraries first and foremost, and built upon the enduring principles of information management which have lain at the heart of the practice of librarianship for hundreds of years. We look also at the significance of the qualification which defines the scope of this book the institutional...
Based at the Kapi'olani Community College, the Asia-Pacific Digital Library (APDL) brings together six great collections that explore a variety of topics, including the ethnobotany of the first Polynesian settlers, the weather patterns in Hawaii, and the stories of the Hawaiian born Nisei. The ethnobotany collection is an arresting exploration of how early Hawaiians used fibers, foodstuffs, and other items as part of their everyday lives. One rather unique offering here is the Traditions of O'ahu exhibit. Here, visitors can learn about the stories of this ancient island as experienced by its earliest inhabitants. The stories are organized by district and visitors can also learn how their lives were affected by the seasons and the passing forces of nature.
This article describes how snowball sampling was applied in two different cases to evaluate digital collections. The first digital library was evaluated by conducting inperson interviews with survey participants. For the second digital library, an email survey was mailed to site users. The results are compared and a costbenefit analysis is provided. The author concludes that the convenience of an email survey is not necessarily the most effective way to survey users.
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to study the initiatives on digital collection and development in engineering college libraries in the Rayalaseema Region of Andhra Pradesh. Eighty-one engineering college libraries in Rayalaseema Region have been surveyed to assess the initiatives taken on digital collection and development. This paper highlights opinions of librarians on most preferred digital materials and various digital resources acquainted with their library. The digital library initiatives cover a variety of activities starting from the digital collection building, digitization, digital collection, maintenance, and digital preservation. It is found that 34.57% of libraries are in the process of building digital collections, which is an encouraging trend among Engineering Educational Institutions in Rayalaseema Region.
Morgan, Eric Lease
This article describes a digital library framework and toolkit called MyLibrary. At its heart, MyLibrary is designed to create relationships between information resources and people. To this end, MyLibrary is made up of essentially four parts: (1) information resources, (2) patrons, (3) librarians, and (4) a set of locally defined, institution-specific facet/term combinations interconnecting the first three. On another level, MyLibrary is a set of object-oriented Perl modules intended to read...
Education for Library and Information professionals in managing the digital environment has been a key topic for discussion within the LIS environment for some time. However, before designing and implementing a program for digital library education, it is prudent to ensure that the skills and knowledge required to work in this environment are
Hughes, J. Steven; Crichton, Daniel J.; Mattmann, Chris A.
Scientific digital libraries serve complex and evolving research communities. Justifications for the development of scientific digital libraries include the desire to preserve science data and the promises of information interconnectedness, correlative science, and system interoperability. Shared ontologies are fundamental to fulfilling these promises. We present a tool framework, some informal principles, and several case studies where shared ontologies are used to guide the implementation of scientific digital libraries. The tool framework, based on an ontology modeling tool, was configured to develop, manage, and keep shared ontologies relevant within changing domains and to promote the interoperability, interconnectedness, and correlation desired by scientists.
Nelson, Michael L. (Editor); Maly, Kurt (Editor); Zubair, Mohammad (Editor); Rusch-Feja, Diann (Editor)
The objective of Open Archives Initiative (OAI) is to develop a simple, lightweight framework to facilitate the discovery of content in distributed archives (http://www.openarchives.org). The focus of the workshop held at the 5th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL 2001) was to bring researchers in the area of digital libraries who are building OAI based systems so as to share their experiences, problems they are facing, and approaches they are taking to address them. The workshop consisted of invited talks from well-established researchers working in building OAI based digital library system along with short paper presentations.
Asmaa Basher Abou Louefa
Full Text Available A Case study For Library of Central Bank of Libya, it deals the converting to a digital library. It start with an introduction about digital libraries, and technology in libraries, then deal Library of Central Bank of Libya, and it current situation, then states the plan to be converted to digital library.
Rakosnik, Jiri; Stanchev, Peter; Simeonov, George; Pavlov, Radoslav
The paper presents in brief the Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and the Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ. Both libraries use the open source software DSpace and both are partners in the European Digital Mathematics Library EuDML. We describe their content and metadata schemas; outline the architecture system and overview the statistics of its use.
Gorny, Miroslaw; Catlow, John; Lewandowski, Rafal
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of development of Polish digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach: The paper describes the establishment of the first digital library in Poland, the creation of the Wielkopolska Digital Library and other regional digital libraries. The organisational and technological solutions used
Kochtanek, Thomas R.; Hein, Karen K.; Kassim, Ahmad Rafee Che
Describes Project DL whose goal was to provide a Web site where diverse information sources on digital libraries are available. Discusses the Web site design at the University of Missouri-Columbia that includes three sections: digital library collections, digital library resources, and digital library Web sites. (Author/LRW)
Koohang, Alex; Ondracek, James
This study examined users' views about the usability of digital libraries' current and perceived importance. Age, gender, prior experience with the Internet, college status, and digital library proficiency are the independent variables. Users' current views about the usability of digital libraries and users perceived importance of digital library
National Park Service, Department of the Interior Scope: National. NPS Focus Digital Library and Research Station information system manages images and archives of images as well as documents described by linked...
Hill, Linda L.; Janee, Greg; Dolin, Ron; Frew, James; Larsgaard, Mary
Within a digital library, collections may range from an ad hoc set of objects that serve a temporary purpose to established library collections intended to persist through time. The objects in these collections vary widely, from library and data center holdings to pointers to real-world objects, such as geographic places, and the various metadata schemas that describe them. The key to integrated use of such a variety of collections in a digital library is collection metadata that represents the inherent and contextual characteristics of a collection. The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project has designed and implemented collection metadata for several purposes: in XML form, the collection metadata "registers" the collection with the user interface client; in HTML form, it is used for user documentation; eventually, it will be used to describe the collection to network search agents; and it is used for internal collection management, including mapping the object metadata attributes to the common search parameters of the system.
As stated on the home page, "The Tibetan & Himalayan Digital Library is an international community using Web-based technologies to integrate diverse knowledge about Tibet and the Himalayas for free access from around the world." In other words, visitors to THDL can expect more than an image database and digital documents, although these materials are present. The Guide to Resources, accessed by choosing the First Time Visitors link, provides an overview of THDL resources grouped into broad categories (that appear as images on the homepage) including: Collections, Reference, Community, Education, and Tools. Collections are further organized by format, such as audio, video, or GIS-technology based materials including a gazetteer and maps of Tibet, Asia, Lhasa and Sera. There are multimedia collections based on the work of a particular individual, such as Frederick Williamson, a British political officer who took about 1700 photographs of Tibet in the 1930s. Also included are thematic collections such as Architecture, Art, Literature, History; Interactive maps and models, such as a 3D interactive model of Meru Nyingba Monastery (Lhasa, Tibet); and electronic journals. There are a number of resources to assist with Tibetan languages, such as translators and dictionaries, and digital tools for displaying fonts, and the Community section provides discussion forums, email lists, Blogs, and links to associations and individuals of interest.
Moore, Reagan W.
Digital libraries and data grids manage state information about data collections. This is in contrast to the management of semantic information used for discovery that is provided by semantic web technology. The discussion group investigated the types of inferences and relationship management that would improve digital library and grid services. Notable examples include management of relationships discovered by data mining services, management of properties associated with grid name spaces...
Lee, Hsin Ju
This master dissertation use the evaluative purposes and e-metrics found in the literature review to examine the appropriateness of applying the web analysis tool, Google Analytics (GA), for the evaluation of digital libraries. The final aim of the study is to provide a useful guideline based on its insightful discussion over the possibilities and limitations of GA for digital libraries. The dissertation is structured into five chapters. First chapter introduces the research background, resea...
CERN-IT-UDS-CDS; Audiovisual Service
Invenio is a free, open source software suite that will enable you to run your own digital library or document repository on the web. The software covers all the stages of digital library management from document ingestion through to classification, indexing, curation and finally, dissemination. Invenio complies with the OAI metadata harvesting protocol and uses MARC21 as its underlying bibliographic format, hence facilitating the sharing of resources between repositories worldwide.
The University of Tasmania decided to explore using a unified digital library for all its research output: journal articles, conference papers, higher degree theses, and other types. This decision is in advance of the state of the Australian national indexing systems. The digital library also uses OAIPMH protocols for harvesting, which one of the national repositories does not as yet. The paper describes the context, reasons for the Universitys decision, consequences and outcomes, and the d...
Barkstrom, Bruce R.; Finch, Melinda; Ferebee, Michelle; Mackey, Calvin
In this paper, we describe five investment streams (data storage infrastructure, knowledge management, data production control, data transport and security, and personnel skill mix) that need to be balanced against short-term operating demands in order to maximize the probability of long-term viability of a digital library. Because of the rapid pace of information technology change, a digital library cannot be a static institution. Rather, it has to become a flexible organization adapted to continuous evolution of its infrastructure.
2nd CERN-UNESCO training on digital libraries in Africa, held at CNRST / IMIST, Rabat. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories
3rd CERN-UNESCO workshop on digital libraries in Africa, held at Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories.
Hill, Linda L.; Carver, Larry; Larsgaard, Mary; Dolin, Ron; Smith, Terence R.; Frew, James; Rae, Mary-Anna
Describes the Alexandria Digital Library, a geolibrary that focuses on geographical locations. Topics include the evolution of the system and interface design; design goals; user communities, including earth scientists, information specialists, and educators; user evaluation methodologies and findings; and future possibilities. (LRW)
Digital citizenship is how educators, citizens, and parents can teach where the lines of cyber safety and ethics are in the interconnected online world their students will inhabit. Aside from keeping technology users safe, digital citizenship also prepares students to survive and thrive in an environment embedded with information, communication,
Downs, Robert R.; Friedman, Edward A.
Describes the methods and results of a user-centered field study that investigated the design requirements for a Web-based research library, a digital library representing a collection of large domain-specific documents that can be accessed remotely to support scholarly research. Results provide insight into Web-based inquiry and requirements for
Discusses the development of digital collections and digital libraries. Topics include digitization of cultural heritage information; broadband issues; lack of compelling content; training issues; types of materials being digitized; sustainability; digital preservation; infrastructure; digital images; data mining; and future possibilities for
Abdullah, Abrizah; A.N. Zainab
This paper describes the digital library of historical resources, a research project which involves building a testbed for the purpose of developing and testing new collaborative digital library functionality and presents an initial analysis of the digital library's public use on the web. The digital library is modeled to focus on serving secondary students information needs in conducting history projects. As such, in the implementation of the digital library, the use of onl...
Corrado, Edward M
Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, & Museums is designed for all types of information professionals who are interested in digital preservation. This is not a how-to book giving step-by-step processes for certain materials in a given kind of system. Instead, it addresses a broad group of resources that could be housed in any number of digital preservation systems. Finally, this book is about "Things (not technology; not how-to; not theory) I wish I had known before I got started." It is divided into four parts based on the Digital Preservation Triad: Situating Digital Preservation, I
Full Text Available Dhananjayarao Gadgil Library of Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (GIPE has started buildingup the digital library collections by scanning its valuable rare books during July 2011. The GIPEs digital libraryuses open source software DSpace for building its digital repository. Currently, repository holds more than7500 digital documents. These documents are available to all the scholars across the world. The present paperdiscusses the methodology adapted for its digital library building. The various processes involved were:Identification of the vendor, identifying the documents to be scanned or digitised, overall work flow, preparationof the metadata in excel, converting the data into Dublin Core XML format and then finally uploading themetadata into DSpace server. Unique feature of this digital library is the bulk upload of the metadata along withdigital data files of all the digital documents.
In recent years, more attention has been paid to the planning and creation of online digital projects. This type of information is perhaps more helpful now that ever; particularly given recent budget cutbacks and belt-tightening throughout a broad range of institutions, such as public libraries, universities, and colleges. With that in mind, the Washington State Library has assembled this site devoted to Digital Best Practices. Users can begin by working their way through a scenario that will help delineate and define a community-based collaborative digital project, or by browsing through a list of topics. The topics covered within the site include project management, technology, funding, and collection preparation. Additionally, users can read about the experiences of five libraries in Washington state as they set out to test digital methods and procedures.
Full Text Available Digital Libraries have been the subject of more than a decade of attention by researchers anddevelopers, and yet in all this time the implementations have not matched the promises. By far the majority ofsystems have concentrated on content and provided limited or basic functions for users. In this article weoffer a new look at what can be expected from a digital library system based on contemporary developmentsin Information and Communications Systems and Technology. First, we sketch out the basic functions whichare provided to support finding and accessing material by a reader. Next we explain some extended functionswhich support the use and re-use of documents - links and annotations and the need to support learners inaddition to readers and writers. Finally, we present our visions for a modern digital library and e-Learningportal system which includes for example intelligent and conceptual search support including resultsvisualization, white lists, and adaptive user interfaces.
D Kishore Kumar
Full Text Available Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly attractive choices which is challenged by both growth inthe size of the indexed document collection, new features and most prominently usage. With thepurpose of applying Cloud Computing to university library, the paper describes the currentstatus of user service models in university libraries. Then it proposed to improve current userservice model with Cloud Computing. This paper explores some of the security issuessurrounding data location, mobility and availability.
Ana M. B., Pavani.
Full Text Available Este trabalho aborda o problema de bibliotecas digitais multilíngües. A motiviação para tal biblioteca digital decorre da diversidade de línguas dos usuários da Internet, bem como da diversidade dos autores do conteúdo, de autores de livros eletrônicos para elaboradores de cursos. São discutidas as [...] definições básicas de tal sistema, as especificações de sua funcionalidade e a identificação dos itens que ele comporta. Apresenta-se o impacto do multilingüismo em cada um dos aspectos anteriores. Um estudo de caso de uma biblioteca digital multilíngüe -- no Sistema Maxwell, na PUC-Rio -- é descrito nas últimas seções. Suas principais características são descritas e é mostrado o status atual de sua biblioteca digital. Abstract in english This paper addresses the problem of multilingual digital libraries. The motivation for a such a digital library comes from the diversity of languages of the Internet users as well as the diversity of content authors, from e-book authors to writers of courseware. The basic definitions of such a syste [...] m, the specifications of its functionality and the identification of the items it holds are discussed. The impact of multilinguism in each of the former aspects is presented. A case study of a multilingual digital library - in the Maxwell System in PUC-Rio - is described in the last sections. Its main characteristics are described and the current status of its digital library is shown.
??????????????????????????????????????????????? | A Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries' History / Mei-Ling Wang; Ming-Yueh Tsay; Chih-Ming Chen; Yun-Er Ke; Chia-Ying Tsai; Yong-Ting Chen; Yi-Jen Lin
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Libraries are important social institutions that preserve and communicate human culture and knowledge. From the beginning of 1990s, the digital library has grown up rapidly based on the progress of the Internet. Libraries and educational institutions should be actively involved in digital library research and development. The Taiwan libraries history can be divided into four stages: Japanese occupation period, reconstruction period, growth period and strong period. In these processes, many events and libraries with rich materials that can be developed into a digital library. Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies, National Chengchi University, planned the Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries History and got the university support. The pilot study objectives include: (1 exploring the digital library model on Taiwan libraries' history? (2 constructing digital library to support education and research in information and library science? (3 developing Metadata standards of library documents and heritage? (4 digitalizing documents and heritage to build digital collections (5 developing digital library systems and technology? (6 researching browsing and search functions of the digital library? (7 exploring the model of the digital library supports e-learning. In this pilot study, we developed six Metadata standards, built 746 digital resources, constructed a digital library system and web site, and proposed the conclusions and suggestions finally.
Mohsenzadeh, Faranak; Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Alireza
Purpose: The present research aims to identify the difficulties and obstacles for developing digital libraries in the seven regional branches of Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran, and to study the status of librarians' skills and education programmes at these institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The 40 individuals working in the regional
This article provides an overview of some of the main areas surrounding the broad topic of "Digital Libraries". This includes the advantages and costs of digitisation; the traditional and digital library; the library community and digitisation; and an examination of various digital library projects. It is not exhaustive, but hopefully, it provides
Based at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), the Ethics Education Library seeks "to connect people interested in developing new and interesting ethics training methods and programs, to disseminate best practices and tools that have already been developed, and to ultimately foster the creation of new methods and programs for teaching students about ethical issues inherent in research and practice." Visitors to the site can take advantage of the Browse feature to look for online tutorials, syllabi, teaching modules, and case studies. The case studies section has over 5,500 items, some of which are available in full and all of which have an abstract for perusal. Additionally, visitors can use the Publications area to find books, journal articles and other published materials relating to all areas of ethics education. These materials are arranged topically into sections that include bioethics, business ethics, and media ethics. Finally, visitors can scroll through the Ethics News on the right-hand side of the page for more information about current appearances of ethics in the daily news.
The Association for Computing Machinery, ACM, is the worlds largest educational and scientific computing society. Among others, the ACM provides the computing field's premier Digital Library and serves its members and the computing profession with leading-edge publications, conferences, and career resources. ACM Digital Library is available to the CERN community. The most popular journal here at CERN is Communications of the ACM. However, the collection offers access to a series of other valuable important academic journals such as Journal of the ACM and even fulltext of a series of classical books. In addition, users have access to the ACM Guide to Computing Literature, the most comprehensive bibliographic database focusing on computing, integrated with ACMs full-text articles and including features such as ACM Author Profile Pages - which provides bibliographic and bibliometric data for over 1,000,000 authors in the field. ACM Digital Library is an excellent com...
The presentation describes the paths in which digital library research is moving, specifically innovation paths regarding scientific data & research objects, content sharing, DL infrastructures and virtual research libraries.
Full Text Available In the frames of the European eContentplus project European Digital Library (EDL a pilot GIS application was integrated in The European Library (TEL portal. The application was realized in the cooperation between the National and University Library of Slovenia and the Geodetic Institute of Slovenia. The pilot GIS application represents the beginning of the development of digital geolibrary where a map is the starting point leading to different geodifferentiated resources. At the same time, it also represents an upgrade of the static presentation of different kinds of digitised materials in the library, as well as an attempt of interdisciplinary presentation with additional educational value. The goal, content, methodology and the results of the pilot GIS application are presented in the article.
Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Wise, Richard K.; Livo, Eric; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Sutley, Steve J.
We have assembled a digital reflectance spectral library of spectra that covers wavelengths from the ultraviolet to near-infrared along with sample documentation. The library includes samples of minerals, rocks, soils, physically constructed as well as mathematically computed mixtures, vegetation, microorganisms, and man-made materials. The samples and spectra collected were assembled for the purpose of using spectral features for the remote detection of these and similar materials.
On our way to an information-based society, the volume of data, of information and of knowledge will become ever greater. At the same time a technology is developing which, on the one hand, facilitates data processing but, on the other hand, requires competent handling and efficient management of information and knowledge. The existence of digital, multimedia information resources also support distance education and decentralized learning in our society. The library as a physical location for...
Forma y usabilidad de un recurso educativo ex profeso: Biblioteca digital en Promoción de la Salud / Form and Usability of an Ex Professo Educational Resource: Health Promotion Digital Library (Biblioteca Digital en Promoción de la Salud, in Spanish)
Gloria Isabel, Toro Córdoba.
Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un caso de estudio sobre las características y percepción de usabilidad de la Biblioteca digital ''Evaluación de Efectividad en Promoción de la Salud'', desarrollada como recurso documental para el curso virtual latinoamericano sobre el mismo tema. La biblioteca consistió de u [...] na sola colección. La metodología empleada se basó en los principios de pruebas de usabilidad de sitios web de bibliotecas digitales, en los cuales el usuario (estudiante) desarrolla tareas y provee retroalimentación acerca del ambiente. La usabilidad se midió en términos de efectividad, eficiencia, satisfacción y utilidad. Los resultados mostraron alta percepción de eficiencia y efectividad al desarrollar actividades de navegación y búsqueda. El aspecto que presentó alguna dificultad tiene que ver con el manejo de las ''ayudas'' y ''preferencias'' en el ambiente web de este recurso. Los estudiantes reportaron alto grado de satisfacción en el uso de la biblioteca, siendo el contenido, la organización y las facilidades de búsqueda los aspectos considerados más valiosos. Dado que las bibliotecas digitales son recursos relativamente recientes, se evidenció la necesidad de haber inducido este recurso desde el inicio del curso para lograr mayor uso y aprovechamiento. La presente experiencia sugiere que la distribución de colecciones ex profeso, a través de bibliotecas digitales, puede ser un medio efectivo para proveer recursos de aprendizaje a estudiantes y otros grupos. Abstract in english This paper presents a case study regarding the features and the usage perception of the Digital Library ''Evaluation of Effectiveness in Health Promotion'', developed as a documentary resource for the Latin-American virtual course on the same topic. The library was composed of one collection. The me [...] thodology used is grounded on the principals of usability tests of digital libraries' websites where users (students) develop processes and give feedback regarding the environment. Usage was measured taking into account these four factors: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Satisfaction and Usefulness. Results showed high perception of efficiency and effectiveness when carrying out browsing and searching activities. The only aspect showing difficulties has to do with the usage of the functions ''Help'' and ''Preferences'' in this course's web environment. Students reported a high degree of satisfaction with the use of the library, being the contents, the order and the searching ease, the aspects perceived with the highest value. Since digital libraries are relatively new resources, the need of presenting this resource at the beginning of the course to reach a higher rate of use and exploitation was evident. This experience suggests that the distribution of ex professo collections through digital libraries can be an effective way to provide learning resources to students and other users.
Rákosník, Ji?í; Stanchev, P.; Pavlov, R.
Sofia : Institute of Mathematics ad Informatics - BAS, 2014 - (Pavlov, R.; Stanchev, P.), s. 59-66 ISSN 1314-4006. - (Vol. 4). [Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage 2014. Veliko Tarnovo (BG), 18.09.2014-21.09.2014] Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : digital mathematics library * EuDML * DML-CZ Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://sci- gems .math.bas.bg/jspui/handle/10525/2422
Purpose: The study reports the aim and features of the World Digital Library (WDL), one of the pioneer projects reflecting the beauty of digital preservation. The study analyzes the contribution of resources continent wise, type, lingual pattern, time period, subjects covered and institutions to WDL.Methodology/Approach: The study is based on the content analysis of WDL. Findings: The study clearly reflects a growing trend of cultural and heritage resources in WDL.Future Implications: The stu...
Internet-based distance education has become big business for both universities and the commercial world. The new TEACH Act was intended to make US copyright law friendlier toward Internet-based distance education. In fact it hedges the privileges it grants with a host of exclusions and restrictions. The Acts promotion of technological protections could have international consequences that further restrict access to digital works.
Goodman, Amanda L
Families share stories with each other and veterans reconnect with their comrades, while teens edit music videos and then upload them to the web: all this and more can happen in the digital media lab (DML)
Gibson, David; Ostashewski, Nathaniel; Flintoff, Kim; Grant, Sheryl; Knight, Erin
Digital badges provide new affordances for online educational activities and experiences. When used with points and leaderboards, a badge can become a gamification element allowing learners to compete with themselves or others, and to know how close they are to accomplishing a goal and acquiring its accompanying reputation. In this role, badges
This revolutionary introduction to library management is the first conceived in and written for a digital age. Library Management for the Digital Age covers hierarchies, policies, communication, working relationships, facilities, human resources, settings, customer services, budgeting, and emergency management.
Candela, Leonardo; Manghi, Paolo; Ioannidis, Yannis
The 4th Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries was held in Berlin, Germany on September 29, 2011, in conjunction with the International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries (TPDL 2011) - formerly known as the European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (ECDL). The workshop series started in 2008 with the aim of promoting discussions on the specific research area going under the umbrella of "very large digital libraries" - with a long term ...
In October 2009, California Digital Library (CDL), where the author serves as manager of strategic and project planning, jumped into the world of social networking by joining Twitter. From Twitter, the CDL staff publish the content of their monthly newsletter, "CDLINFO News," and also additional content created by CDL programs and individuals. In
Wu, Shaoqun; Franken, Margaret; Witten, Ian H.
Extensive knowledge of collocations is a key factor that distinguishes learners from fluent native speakers. Such knowledge is difficult to acquire simply because there is so much of it. This paper describes a system that exploits the facilities offered by digital libraries to provide a rich collocation-learning environment. The design is based on
Witten, Ian H.; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; Cunningham, Sally Jo
This paper discusses the indexing, collection, and maintenance processes, as well as the retrieval interface, to public digital libraries. The paper begins by briefly surveying both Internet technical report collections and World Wide Web search engines. It goes on to describe a prototype digital library, the New Zealand Digital Library for
Bruce, Bertram C.; Bishop, Ann Peterson; Heidorn, P. Bryan; Lunsford, Karen J.; Poulakos, Steven; Won, Mihye
Discusses digital library development, particularly a national science digital library, and describes the Inquiry Page which focuses on building a constructivist environment using Web resources, collaborative processes, and knowledge that bridges digital libraries with users in K-12 schools, museums, community groups, or other organizations. (LRW)
This collection of atlases and textbooks is intended to educate patients, healthcare providers, and students in anatomy. Topics include human anatomy, human anatomy in cross-section, microscopic anatomy, anatomy of first aid, human anatomic variation, and osteology. The collection includes both historic and modern atlases, is searchable by keyword or term, and includes a frequently-asked-questions feature. Other materials include user reviews and links to related digital libraries.
Raji, Ayodele Kamaldeen; Agboola, Oladiran Matins; Abiodun, Emmanuel Taye; Abdulrahman, Tosho Abdullahi
Advancement in development of Information and Communication Technology as engendered by invention of Internet has fundamentally altered the ways libraries accomplish their traditional missions of selecting, organizing, preserving, and providing access to information. This paper mainly focuses on planning, designing and management of Digital library. It covers mission and scope, time frame, evaluation, assessment and infrastructures required. The paper also discusses the needs for Digital libr...
Gallagher, Marie E.; Moffatt, Christie
This demonstration shows the Profiles in Science® digital library. Profiles in Science contains digitized selections from the personal manuscript collections of prominent biomedical researchers, medical practitioners, and those fostering science and health. The Profiles in Science Web site1 is the delivery mechanism for content derived from the digital library system. The system is designed according to our basic principles for digital library development . The digital l...
Presents a conceptual framework for digital library development and discusses how to move from isolated digital collections to interoperable digital libraries. Topics include a history of digital libraries; user-centered architecture; stages of technological development; standards, including metadata; and best practices. (Author/LRW)
Vilma Moreira dos, Santos; Silvana Aparecida Silva dos, Santos; Luiz Henrique dos, Santos.
Full Text Available O Projeto "Criação da Biblioteca Digital Linhares", elaborado por pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, teve como objetivo conceber e implementar metodologia para preservar e dar acesso à Coleção Linhares, constituída por jornais, revistas e panfletos publicados em Belo Horiz [...] onte e colecionados por Joaquim Nabuco Linhares desde 1895, até a sua morte em 1945. Foi adquirida a preço simbólico pela UFMG, em 1976, e depositada na Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. A coleção, considerada de grande importância para a história da imprensa de Belo Horizonte, se encontrava em acelerado processo de deterioração. A biblioteca digital foi construída com base na proposta metodológica do processo híbrido, que preconiza a utilização da microfilmagem para preservar o acervo e a digitalização, via microfilme, para proporcionar o acesso. O projeto foi desenvolvido de forma colaborativa, envolvendo pesquisadores e servidores da Escola de Ciência da Informação, do Departamento de História e da Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. Disponível em: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br Abstract in english Linhares Digital Library Project, carried out by researchers and technical staff of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG, aimed the development and implementation of a digital library methodology to provide access and preservation for newspapers, magazines and pamphlets published in Belo Horizo [...] nte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collected by Joaquim Linhares, since his early youth in 1895, to his death in 1945. The collection was acquired by UFMG from Linhares' inheritors, at a nominal sum and deposited at the University Library. The importance of the collection for the history of Belo Horizonte's press has been highly emphasized by many scholars in the last decades, but the materials had been seriously affected by paper acidity and human damages. The digital library took the hybrid process format: microfilming of the materials to guarantee the preservation aspect and also, the digitalization from the microfilms to provide access. Available at: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br
Vilma Moreira dos Santos
Full Text Available O Projeto "Criação da Biblioteca Digital Linhares", elaborado por pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, teve como objetivo conceber e implementar metodologia para preservar e dar acesso à Coleção Linhares, constituída por jornais, revistas e panfletos publicados em Belo Horizonte e colecionados por Joaquim Nabuco Linhares desde 1895, até a sua morte em 1945. Foi adquirida a preço simbólico pela UFMG, em 1976, e depositada na Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. A coleção, considerada de grande importância para a história da imprensa de Belo Horizonte, se encontrava em acelerado processo de deterioração. A biblioteca digital foi construída com base na proposta metodológica do processo híbrido, que preconiza a utilização da microfilmagem para preservar o acervo e a digitalização, via microfilme, para proporcionar o acesso. O projeto foi desenvolvido de forma colaborativa, envolvendo pesquisadores e servidores da Escola de Ciência da Informação, do Departamento de História e da Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. Disponível em: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.brLinhares Digital Library Project, carried out by researchers and technical staff of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG, aimed the development and implementation of a digital library methodology to provide access and preservation for newspapers, magazines and pamphlets published in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collected by Joaquim Linhares, since his early youth in 1895, to his death in 1945. The collection was acquired by UFMG from Linhares' inheritors, at a nominal sum and deposited at the University Library. The importance of the collection for the history of Belo Horizonte's press has been highly emphasized by many scholars in the last decades, but the materials had been seriously affected by paper acidity and human damages. The digital library took the hybrid process format: microfilming of the materials to guarantee the preservation aspect and also, the digitalization from the microfilms to provide access. Available at: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br
Wooldridge, Brooke; Taylor, Laurie; Sullivan, Mark
Developing an Open Access, multi-institutional, multilingual, international digital library requires robust technological and institutional infrastructures that support both the needs of individual institutions alongside the needs of the growing partnership and ensure continuous communication and development of the shared vision for the digital
Full Text Available At present, digitization of Ph.D. theses occurs on a very limited basis in Denmark. Until recently the emphasis has been exclusively on creating and maintaining bibliographic databases containing references to published research literature, descriptions of research projects, and research profiles of institutes, laboratories or departments. The principal vehicle for this information in Denmark is the Danish National Research Database, , established by the Ministry of Research and Information Technology. The database, which is part of Denmarks Electronic Research Library, presently contains about 150,000 research references. Recently Danish universities, mainly university libraries, have been taking steps toward adopting the role of electronic full text publisher.
Harter, Stephen P.; School of Library and Information Science, Indiana University
This paper considers a range of definitions for a digital library from the perspective of scholarly communication and the properties of a traditional research library. It then explores some of the problems and issues involved in creating and maintaining a digital library, depending on the characteristics one wants it to have. The paper stresses the need to consider the requirements of scholarship and research as we build the digital libraries of the future.
The National Wetlands Research Center (NWRC) "is a source and clearinghouse of science information about wetlands in the United States and the world for fellow agencies, private entities, academia, and the public at large." The NWRC Library Digital Collection contains an abundance of technical reports in pdf format spanning the last couple decades from such institutions as the US Fish and Wildlife Service; the USGS Biological Resources Division; and the National Biological Service. The site also contains an archived Species Profiles collection from the US Fish and Wildlife Service with 126 downloadable profiles "designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief, comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of the species may be expected to react to environmental changes caused by coastal development." The Library Digital Collection archives contain a Habitat Suitability Index Models Series and a Waterfowl Management Handbook from the US Fish and Wildlife Service as well.
Based at the University of Iowa, the Stradivari String Quartet is well regarded in classical music circles for their fine playing and their dedication to breathing new life into standards of the repertoire. Recently, the University of Iowa Libraries decided to digitize a number of their historical recordings for inclusion in the Iowa Digital Library project. First-time visitors may wish to start by listening to the concert from January 10, 1965, which features works by Joseph Hayden, Walter Piston, and Johannes Brahms. All told, there are 92 different musical offerings here, and visitors can search the collection by date, composer, or composition title. It's a nice set of musical offerings, and one that will be of great interest to musicologists and classical music enthusiasts.
Krafft, Dean B.; Birkland, Aaron; Cramer, Ellen J.
NCore is an open source architecture and software platform for creating flexible, collaborative digital libraries. NCore was developed by the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) project, and it serves as the central technical infrastructure for NSDL. NCore consists of a central Fedora-based digital repository, a specific data model, an API, and a set of backend services and frontend tools that create a new model for collaborative, contributory digital libraries. This pap...
This article explores the questions to what extent educational research addresses library use in education and how the library can contribute to intercultural education. The focus is primarily on elementary education in Europe. Analysis of research publications was based on searches for peer-reviewed journals in international databases, literary reviews and empirical studies. The findings indicate that research on library use and library resources is under-researched in educational research, ...
Brenner, Michaela; Larsen, Tom; Weston, Claudia
Digitization has bestowed upon librarians and archivists of the late 20th and early 21st centuries the opportunity to reexamine how they access their collections. It draws these two traditional groups together with IT specialists in order to collaborate on this new great challenge. In this paper, the authors offer a strategy for adapting a library system to traditional archival practice.
Ghorab, M. Rami; Leveling, Johannes; Lawless, Seamus; Oconnor, Alexander; Zhou, Dong; Jones, Gareth J. F.; Wade, Vincent
This paper describes a framework for Adaptive Multilingual Information Retrieval (AMIR) which allows multilingual resource discovery and delivery using on-the-?y machine translation of documents and queries. Result documents are presented to the user in a contextualised manner. Challenges and affordances of both Adaptive and Multilingual IR, with a particular focus on Digital Libraries, are detailed. The framework components are motivated by a series of results from experiments on query ...
Full Text Available Education services also define the activities of Slovene public libraries. In planning targeted services they are often faced with development lagging. The accelerated progress in this field also reminds them of their lagging and points to a very uneven development and quality level of library activities in the various environments they are centered in. Perhaps due to such conditions public libraries do not excell in developing activities to satisfy education needs of their users. Even so, some successful cases point to the fact that libraries know how to act and could be successful under suitable conditions. The article presents an overview on how the law-defined needs for liferlong education (learning, education of users and information literacy, are meet through aquisition policies and through the realisation of different events taking into account the various levels of literacy of the participating population. The analysis of available reports and data point to the fact that libraries could be more successful if supported by increased expert help backed by financial aid.
MD AJIMUDDIN SK
The transformation of the traditional libraries into e-resources base digital libraries represented new opportunities and the new ways to the library professionals to provide the satisfactory users need. The role of the libraries and the librarians has changed in the e-environment and the library professionals became multitalented personality. This paper also describes the multipurpose role of the librarians in the digital age.
Mogk, D. W.; Manduca, C. A.
The mission of DLESE is to support excellence in Earth and space science education for all learners in all educational settings. DLESE is envisioned as an information network that will provide a) rapid, sophisticated access to collections of peer-reviewed teaching and learning resources, b) interfaces and tools to allow student exploration of Earth data sets, c) services to help users effectively create and use materials, and d) a community center to facilitate sharing and collaboration. The current DLESE discovery system enables searching and browsing for educational resources according to sub-disciplines in the Earth and space sciences, target audience (K-16, informal education), and resource type (e.g. lab exercises, simulations, curricula...). Future search capabilities will include compliance of resources with national science standards (e.g. National Science Education Standards, NRC, 1996; Project 2061, AAAS, 1989; state standards) and geospatial referencing. A special focus is being placed on discovery that describes multiple attributes of the Earth system: fundamental scientific principles, Earth system processes, Earth system components (physiographic, climatologic, biomes), principles of time and Earth history, "hot topics" in the news and emerging research, and ways of knowing about the Earth (observation, analysis, measurement, modeling, theory). Earth datasets will become increasingly accessible, supported by interfaces, tools, and instructional resources that promote their effective use in the classroom. Instructional resources can also be linked to examples of best practices in the use of these resources, and to community postings of opportunities (e.g. workshops, student internships), calendars, and other aggregated resources. Through the DLESE discovery system, any interested learner will be able to navigate deeply into a subject, or laterally to related topics, according to personal needs and interests.
Full Text Available Technology has revolutionized the concept of libraries. Each and every library is slowly getting digitized. A 'digital library' comprises digital collections, services and infrastructure to support lifelong learning, research, scholarly communication as well as preservation and conservation of our recorded knowledge. In todays challenge, we must not only update our collection but we must also provide better access to information through the new information highway. This may be done by way of digitization. Digitization in libraries is todays response towards a faster delivery of information to its users via internet or intranet.It is also a process of democratization of information. This article will discuss the factors that will necessitate the traditional libraries to get digitized, as well as the definition, advantages and disadvantages of digital libraries.
Lagoze, Carl Jay
The idea of Digital Libraries emerged in the early 1990s from a vision of a "library of the future", without walls and open 24 hours a day. These digital libraries would leverage the substantial investments of federal funding in the Internet and advanced computing for the benefit of the entire population. The world's knowledge would be a key press
In this article, the author talks about the International Children's Digital Library (ICDL), an online digital library which gives students an opportunity to read and learn about other cultures and countries in a different way. The library's web site (http://www.icdlbooks.org) was designed by children, with the guidance and expertise of adults.
Brenda, Cabral Vargas.
Full Text Available Se hace referencia a la importancia de los contenidos en la biblioteca digital y propone algunos lineamientos como punto trascendente para la satisfacción de necesidades de los usuarios de servicios digitales de información. Así mismo, se brindan algunos parámetros para el desarrollo de contenidos d [...] idácticos y materiales de aprendizaje, y se proponen algunos elementos necesarios de considerar por los encargados del diseño de contenidos y recursos de bibliotecas digitales, con fines didácticos. Por tanto, ubica a las bibliotecas digitales en un entorno de aprendizaje y pondera el aprendizaje significativo sobre otros, con énfasis en el acervo, para que los usuarios obtengan un nuevo conocimiento. No se pretende manejar de forma exhaustiva o definir conceptos, sino establecer la relación entre ellos. Abstract in english This work treats the importance of the contents of the digital library and proposes some guidelines as a starting point toward user satisfaction in digital information services. At the same time, this article, with didactic goals in minds, offers some parameters for the development of didactic conte [...] nts and learning materials. It follows that digital libraries belong in the learning environment, with emphasis on learning and content, so that users learn something new. No pretence is made to deal with this issue in an exhaustive manner or to define concepts, but to establish a relationship between the two.
Mittal, Rekha; Mahesh, G.
Purpose: The purpose of this research is to identify and evaluate the collections within digital libraries and repositories in India available in the public domain. Design/methodology/approach: The digital libraries and repositories were identified through a study of the literature, as well as internet searching and browsing. The resulting digital
Ashraf, Tariq, Ed.; Sharma, Jaideep, Ed.; Gulati, Puja Anand, Ed.
The increasing prevalence of digital information systems and technologies compels libraries across the globe to update systems and provide users with a digital experience outside the confines of the structural library, providing useful benefits to the user while creating new areas of concern such as digital information preservation. "Developing
The Digital Education Network offers 7th through 12th grade students a chance to expand their knowledge in four areas: NewsDEN, which covers current events for kids and provides tips for teachers on how to integrate the information into their curricula; MathDEN, an interactive math challenge that offers four "stages" for students at different levels and tracks their progress (new question sets are added every Thursday); InternetDEN, a tutorial on using Internet tools for education, aimed at the novice net-surfer; and GraphicsDEN, a tutorial on and gallery of computer graphics. Planned for release next month are WritingDEN and SkyDEN, two new instructional areas. Free registration is requested before using the site, but a "guest" login is also available.
Johann van, Reenen.
Full Text Available Os progressos da biblioteca digital são parte de um movimento global em muitos setores da sociedade rumo ao trabalho virtual e serviços eletrônicos disponibilizados pelos avanços da tecnologia da informação. Este ambiente requer novas atitudes e habilidades na força de trabalho e, por isso, líderes [...] que compreendam as mudanças por que passa a economia da informação e como tratar e desenvolver tal força de trabalho. Este artigo explora métodos para desenvolver os recursos humanos e estimular a criatividade para capitalizar o imenso potencial das bibliotecas digitais no sentido de educar e fortalecer a mudança social. Há uma falta de trabalhadores tecnicamente habilitados e, acima de tudo, de inovadores. Retenção e recrutamento são um dos maiores obstáculos ao avanço dos serviços da biblioteca digital e aos produtos de informação. Abstract in english Digital library developments are part of a global move in many sectors of society toward virtual work and electronic services made possible by the advances in information technology. This environment requires new attitudes and skills in the workforce and therefore leaders who understand the global c [...] hanges underlying the new information economy and how to lead and develop such a workforce. This article explores ways to develop human resources and stimulate creativity to capitalize on the immense potential of digital libraries to educate and empower social change. There is a shortage of technically skilled workers and even more so of innovators. Retention and recruitment is one of the greatest obstacles to developing digital library services and information products.
Gallagher, Marie E; Moffatt, Christie
This demonstration shows the Profiles in Science® digital library. Profiles in Science contains digitized selections from the personal manuscript collections of prominent biomedical researchers, medical practitioners, and those fostering science and health. The Profiles in Science Web site is the delivery mechanism for content derived from the digital library system. The system is designed according to our basic principles for digital library development . The digital library includes the rules and software used for digitizing items, creating and editing database records and performing quality control as well as serving the digital content to the public. Among the types of data managed by the digital library are detailed item-level, collection-level and cross-collection metadata, digitized photographs, papers, audio clips, movies, born-digital electronic files, optical character recognized (OCR) text, and annotations (see Figure 1). The digital library also tracks the status of each item, including digitization quality, sensitivity of content, and copyright. Only items satisfying all required criteria are released to the public through the World Wide Web. External factors have influenced all aspects of the digital library's infrastructure. PMID:23543833
Erhardt-Domino, K; Pletcher, T; Wilson, W.; Atkins, D; Panko, W. B.
The future of the biomedical enterprise and the biomedical libraries that serve it is tied closely to digital information. The changing nature of this type of information will create new pressures on libraries, particularly in health care organizations. Libraries must learn to deal with these pressures. Currently, libraries depend on the Internet primarily for connections to resources and other libraries; thus enhancements to the Internet will impact the libraries of the present and future si...
Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana
Full Text Available Digital library is a very interesting phenomenon in the world of libraries. In this era of globalization, the digital library is needed by students, faculty, and the community in the search for quick reference through internet access, so that students, faculty, and the community does not have to come directly to the library. Accessing collections of digital libraries can also be done anytime and anywhere. Digital Library development also occurred at Indonesia Technology University. That University offers a digital library based of expert system. The concept of digital library is utilizing science expert system in the process of cataloging and searching digital collections. By using this digital library based of expert system, users can search the collection, reading collection, and download the desired collection by online system. The digital library based of expert system at Indonesia Technology University is built using the PHP programming language, MySQL database as a data base management system, and developed the method of forward chaining and backward chaining as inference engine.
Maly, Kurt; Nelson, Michael L.; Zubair, Mohammad
Currently, there exist a large number of superb digital libraries, all of which are, unfortunately, vertically integrated and all presenting a monolithic interface to their users. Ideally, a user would want to locate resources from a variety of digital libraries dealing only with one interface. A number of approaches exist to this interoperability issue exist including: defining a universal protocol for all libraries to adhere to; or developing mechanisms to translate between protocols. The approach we illustrate in this paper is to push down the level of universal protocols to one for digital object communication and for communication for simple archives. This approach creates the opportunity for digital library service providers to create digital libraries tailored to the needs of user communities drawing from available archives and individual publishers who adhere to this standard. We have created a reference implementation based on the hyper text transfer protocol (http) with the protocols being derived from the Dienst protocol. We have created a special class of digital objects called buckets and a number of archives based on a NASA collection and NSF funded projects. Starting from NCSTRL we have developed a set of digital library services called NCSTRL+ and have created digital libraries for researchers, educators and students that can each draw on all the archives and individually created buckets.
Chunlan Qiu; Yan Liu
This paper, starting from the signification, the importance and the meaning of reader education, discusses how libraries of schools of higher education can, under the new situation, carry out researches on readers in depth, understand the demands of readers, do a good job in reader education in libraries, and help students to fully make use of various literature materials of libraries.
The importance of information as a resource for economic growth and education is steadily increasing. Due to technological advances in computer industry and the explosive growth of the INternet much valuable information will be available in digital libraries. This paper introduces a system that aims to support a user's browsing activities in document sets retrieved from a digital library. Latent Semantic Analysis is applied to extract salient semantic structures and citation patterns of documents stored in a digital library in a comptutationally expensive batch job. At retrieval time, cluster techniques are used to organize retrieved documents into clusters according to the previously extracted semantic similarities. A modified Boltzman algorithm is employed to spatially organize the resulting clusters and their documents in the form of a 3D information landscape or 'i-scape'. THe i-scape is then displayed for interactive exploration via a multi- modal, virtual reality CAVE interface. Users' browsing activities are recorded and user models are extracted to give newcomers online help based on previous navigation activity as well as to enable experienced users to recognize and exploit past user traces. In this way, the system provides interactive services to assist users in the spatial navigation, interpretation, and detailed exploration of potentially large document sets matching a query.
Heba A. Sattar Moselhy
Full Text Available A study about eXtensible Mark up Language (XML and its applications in digital libraries, it begins with definition XML and its history and generations, then it defines the applications of XML in libraries at: libraries' web sites designing, electronic publishing, bibliographic data management, and views some real experiments about using XML in libraries.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Unlike the world wide web or general libraries, digital libraries typically serve a specialized community of experts sharing a relatively narrow focus, such as some...
This paper describes the main types of data quality errors that occur in digital libraries, both in full-text objects and in metadata. Studying these errors is important because they can block access to online documents and because digital libraries should eliminate errors where possible. Some types of common errors include typographical errors, scanning and data conversion errors, and find and replace errors. Errors in metadata can also hinder access in digital libraries. The paper also disc...
Hanumat G. Sastry,; Reddy, Prof Lokanatha C.
The rapid development of Information and Communication Technologies has provided a well sophisticated environment to develop the digital libraries. A digital library is a large-scale, organized collection of complex and dynamic multimedia information and knowledge, and tools and methods to enable search, manipulation and presentation of this information and knowledge via Internet. User-Centered approach for the digital libraries would increase its usage . Web 2.0 technologies provide bette...
Qian, Li; Liu, Lizhen; Hu, Yue
Along with the rapid development of digital library, digital library of the third generation, taking the main characteristics of the personalized service, has already become the mainstream today. This article first analyzes the concept and characteristics of digital library, then elaborates the inevitability of personalized service as well as the necessity of its development and based on the Propose of establishing interested knowledge-base, enumerates several ways of person...
Brezovnik, Janez; Ojsterek, Milan
Advanced features of digital library of University of Maribor are described inthis paper. A short introduction describes some basic facts about the digital library and mentions its main purpose, but the main part of this paperis about features, that are mostly not found in other digital libraries. These features include integration with other information systems, plagiarism detection, informative and useful statistics about mentors and specific content extraction from documents, served by the...
Fernandes, Marco Paulo Dos Santos
ABSTRACT: In an information-driven society where the volume and value of produced and consumed data assumes a growing importance, the role of digital libraries gains particular importance. This work analyzes the limitations in current digital library management systems and the opportunities brought by recent distributed computing models. The result of this work is the implementation of the University of Aveiro integrated system for digital libraries and archives. It conclude...
Dushay, Naomi; French, James C.; Lagoze, Carl
We describe an architecture and investigate the characteristics of distributed searching in federated digital libraries. We introduce the notion of a query mediator as a digital library service responsible for selecting among available search engines, routing queries to those search engines, and aggregating results. We examine operational data from the NCSTRL distributed digital library that reveals a number of characteristics of distributed resource discovery. These include...
Clark, Roger N.; Swayze, Gregg A.; Wise, Richard A.; Livo, K. Eric; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Sutley, Stephen J.
Introduction We have assembled a digital reflectance spectral library that covers the wavelength range from the ultraviolet to far infrared along with sample documentation. The library includes samples of minerals, rocks, soils, physically constructed as well as mathematically computed mixtures, plants, vegetation communities, microorganisms, and man-made materials. The samples and spectra collected were assembled for the purpose of using spectral features for the remote detection of these and similar materials. Analysis of spectroscopic data from laboratory, aircraft, and spacecraft instrumentation requires a knowledge base. The spectral library discussed here forms a knowledge base for the spectroscopy of minerals and related materials of importance to a variety of research programs being conducted at the U.S. Geological Survey. Much of this library grew out of the need for spectra to support imaging spectroscopy studies of the Earth and planets. Imaging spectrometers, such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Airborne Visible/Infra Red Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) or the NASA Cassini Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) which is currently orbiting Saturn, have narrow bandwidths in many contiguous spectral channels that permit accurate definition of absorption features in spectra from a variety of materials. Identification of materials from such data requires a comprehensive spectral library of minerals, vegetation, man-made materials, and other subjects in the scene. Our research involves the use of the spectral library to identify the components in a spectrum of an unknown. Therefore, the quality of the library must be very good. However, the quality required in a spectral library to successfully perform an investigation depends on the scientific questions to be answered and the type of algorithms to be used. For example, to map a mineral using imaging spectroscopy and the mapping algorithm of Clark and others (1990a, 2003b), one simply needs a diagnostic absorption band. The mapping system uses continuum-removed reference spectral features fitted to features in observed spectra. Spectral features for such algorithms can be obtained from a spectrum of a sample containing large amounts of contaminants, including those that add other spectral features, as long as the shape of the diagnostic feature of interest is not modified. If, however, the data are needed for radiative transfer models to derive mineral abundances from reflectance spectra, then completely uncontaminated spectra are required. This library contains spectra that span a range of quality, with purity indicators to flag spectra for (or against) particular uses. Acquiring spectral measurements and performing sample characterizations for this library has taken about 15 person-years of effort. Software to manage the library and provide scientific analysis capability is provided (Clark, 1980, 1993). A personal computer (PC) reader for the library is also available (Livo and others, 1993). The program reads specpr binary files (Clark, 1980, 1993) and plots spectra. Another program that reads the specpr format is written in IDL (Kokaly, 2005). In our view, an ideal spectral library consists of samples covering a very wide range of materials, has large wavelength range with very high precision, and has enough sample analyses and documentation to establish the quality of the spectra. Time and available resources limit what can be achieved. Ideally, for each mineral, the sample analysis would include X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron microprobe (EM) or X-ray fluorescence (XRF), and petrographic microscopic analyses. For some minerals, such as iron oxides, additional analyses such as Mossbauer would be helpful. We have found that to make the basic spectral measurements, provide XRD, EM or XRF analyses, and microscopic analyses, document the results, and complete an entry of one spectral library sample, all takes about
Maly, K.; Zubair, M.; Liu, X.; Nelson, M.; Zeil, S.
We are developing an Undergraduate Digital Library Framework (UDLF) that will support creation/archiving of courses and reuse of existing course material to evolve courses. UDLF supports the publication of course materials for later instantiation for a specific offering and allows the addition of time-dependent and student-specific information and structures. Instructors and, depending on permissions, students can access the general course materials or the materials for a specific offering. We are building a reference implementation based on NCSTRL+, a digital library derived from NCSTRL. Digital objects in NCSTRL+ are called buckets, self-contained entities that carry their own methods for access and display. Current bucket implementations have a two level structure of packages and elements. This is not a rich enough structure for course objects in UDLF. Typically, courses can only be modeled as a multilevel hierarchy and among different courses, both the syntax and semantics of terms may vary. Therefore, we need a mechanism to define, within a particular library, course models, their constituent objects, and the associated semantics in a flexible, extensible way. In this paper, we describe our approach to define and implement these multilayered course objects. We use XML technology to emulate complex data structures within the NCSTRL+ buckets. We have developed authoring and browsing tools to manipulate these course objects. In our current implementation a user downloading an XML based course bucket also downloads the XML-aware tools: an applet that enables the user to edit or browse the bucket. We claim that XML provides an effective means to represent multi-level structure of a course bucket.
Nelson, Michael L.; Esler, Sandra L.
This paper introduces TRSkit, a simple and effective toolkit for building digital libraries on the World Wide Web. The toolkit was developed for the creation of the Langley Technical Report Server and the NASA Technical Report Server, but is applicable to most simple distribution paradigms. TRSkit contains a handful of freely available software components designed to be run under the UNIX operating system and served via the World Wide Web. The intended customer is the person that must continuously and synchronously distribute anywhere from 100 - 100,000's of information units and does not have extensive resources to devote to the problem.
What is the Sea of Korea? Simply put, it is the body of water between Japan and Korea. This marvelous digital collection from the USC Digital Libraries brings together two private collections comprised of 172 maps of this expanse of water dating from 1606 to 1895. The maps also vary in language: English, French, Japanese, Dutch, Korean, Latin, German, and Russian. One good starting point is the 1794 map "China, Drawn from the Best Authorities," which happens to be executed as a hand-colored copper engraving. Also, visitors can create their own collection by clicking on the "Add" button. Students of geography, East Asian history, and related subjects will find this entire site to be most delightful.
Full Text Available Underpinning every digital library and digital repository there is a policy framework, which makes the digital library viable - without a policy framework a digital library is little more than a container for content. Policy governs how a digital library is instantiated and run. It is therefore a meta-domain which is situated both outside the digital library and any technologies used to deliver it, and within the digital library itself. Policy is also a key aspect of digital library and digital repository interoperability in a common and integrated information space. Policy interoperability - that is the exchange and reuse of policies - is a step beyond policy standardisation. Furthermore, effective and efficient policy frameworks are also one of the Digital Curation Center (DCC, DigitalPreservationEurope (DPE, nestor and Center for Research Libraries (CRL core criteria for digital repositories. In this article, we share our research on policy interoperability levels and the experimental survey on policy interoperability conducted with real-life digital libraries, as a contribution towards the definition of a Policy Interoperability Framework.
Maria Cecilia Pragana, Chataignier; Margareth Prevot da, Silva.
Full Text Available Relato da experiência do Impa na informatização de sua biblioteca, utilizando o software Horizon, e na construção de um servidor de preprints (dissertações de mestrado, teses de doutorado e artigos ainda não publicados) através da participação no projeto internacional Math-Net. [...] Abstract in english Report on Impa's experience in its Digital Library Project, using the software Horizon, and in the construction of a Preprint Server (Dissertations, Thesis and non-published articles) through a cooperation with the international Math-Net project. [...
Angela Maria, Silva; Ilmério Reis, Silva; Luiz Humberto Martins, Arantes.
Full Text Available Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais - BDTeatro é um projeto para preservação, formatação, armazenamento e disseminação de Peças Teatrais. Este projeto foi desenvolvido pela Faculdade de Computação, Faculdade de Artes, Filosofia e Ciências Sociais e Biblioteca Central da Universidade Federal de Uber [...] lândia - UFU. A Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) forneceu parte do suporte financeiro para o PROJETO. BDTeatro foi proposto para resolver os problemas de preservação e disseminação de uma coleção com aproximadamente 800 peças teatrais em papel. Esta coleção apresenta sinais de deterioração e sua digitalização foi a motivação deste projeto. Adicionalmente, a ausência de um catálogo on-line e de um processo automatizado para pesquisa de informações na coleção também motivou o projeto. Este artigo descreve o desenvolvimento da Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais, onde foi usada uma perspectiva interdisciplinar de trabalho, garantindo desta maneira, padrões de qualidade no processo de construção do catálogo, na entrada dos dados e nos mecanismos de pesquisa de informações na coleção. Abstract in english Digital Library of Theater Plays - BDTeatro is a project for preservation, formatting, storage, and dissemination of theater plays. This project was developed by the School of Computation, School of Philosophy, Arts, and Social Science, and Central Library of Federal University of Uberlândia(UFU). T [...] he Foundation to Research Support of the Minas Gerais State (FAPEMIG ) provided partial financial support for the project. BDTeatro was proposed to deal with problems of preservation and dissemination of a collection with approximately eight hundred paper-based theater plays. This collection presents signs of deterioration and its digitalization has motivated this project. Besides, the absence of an on-line catalogue and an automated process to search information in the collection has also motivated the project. This paper describes the development of the Digital Library of Theater Plays where an interdisciplinary perspective of work was used, assuring this way standards of quality in the process of building up the catalog, in text data entrance and in mechanisms of searching by information in the collection.
Online collections do not yet function like conventional libraries. Many digital collections are experimental and lack service components, and few have preservation components. The function of searching across collections is a dream frequently discussed but seldom realized at a robust level. This paper places a conceptual framework upon digital library development, and discusses how we might move from isolated digital collections to interoperable digital libraries. It first examines how early...
This new site from the New York Public Library shows exceptional potential. Currently, over a dozen collections from past NYPL exhibitions and related projects are available. Highlights include: digital images and text of African Americans in the 19th Century; the Schomburg Center Video Oral History Gallery: selected QuickTime clips from the Louis Armstrong Jazz Oral History Project; and Moving Uptown: Nineteenth-century Views of Manhattan. Other selections include Tobacco Culture in 17th- and 18th-century Europe, a stereoscopic views collection, and an exhibit on the Romanovs and their books. The collections are mostly image-based, and the list of future offerings promises exhibits of equal breadth and quality. Additional resources include archival finding aids for three performing arts collections.
Purdue University is well-known for their various engineering programs, and they have also distinguished themselves through their work in aeronautical engineering research and practice. This website is designed to provide instructional materials for aviation educators, and one can imagine that such materials might work well in classroom slide presentations as well as for students who might be seeking a visual aid. The materials are basically organized in one long continuous list, and visitors can just scroll through them at their leisure. Among these materials, visitors will find photographs of landing gear equipment, squat switches, crush plates, and the tell-tale corroded electrical terminal. Finally, in their "General Materials" area, visitors can look over a presentation on turbocharger systems and consider a presentation on engine theory.
The National Agricultural Library (NAL) kids and teens page features links to book and magazine article abstracts, online interactives, educator resources and information about animals, livestock and agriculture; the environment, food and nutrition, general science, and horticulture. The education and outreach page fatures links to several collections of educational materials for teachers, parents, and students, as well as a directory of land-grant colleges with agricultural programs, a listing of events and conferences, and a link to the NAL Catalog (AGRICOLA) with citations for extension education and training from January 2005 to the present. There are also links to information on research and technology programs, natural resources and the environment, laws and regulations, and career information.
Dr.Subhash Pundalikrao Chavan
Digital libraries, once project based and largely autonomous efforts are maturing. As individual programs have grown, each has developed its own personality, reflecting the circumstances of its creation and environment, and its leadership. This report from CLIR and the Digital Library Federation (DLF) draws on the results of a survey and case studies of DLF members to reveal how these influences have molded a range of organizational forms that we call the digital library.
Dr.Subhash Pundalikrao Chavan
Full Text Available Digital libraries, once project based and largely autonomous efforts are maturing. As individual programs have grown, each has developed its own personality, reflecting the circumstances of its creation and environment, and its leadership. This report from CLIR and the Digital Library Federation (DLF draws on the results of a survey and case studies of DLF members to reveal how these influences have molded a range of organizational forms that we call the digital library.
Nelson, Michael L.
Current discussion of digital libraries (DLs) is often dominated by the merits of the respective storage, search and retrieval functionality of archives, repositories, search engines, search interfaces and database systems. While these technologies are necessary for information management, the information content is more important than the systems used for its storage and retrieval. Digital information should have the same long-term survivability prospects as traditional hardcopy information and should be protected to the extent possible from evolving search engine technologies and vendor vagaries in database management systems. Information content and information retrieval systems should progress on independent paths and make limited assumptions about the status or capabilities of the other. Digital information can achieve independence from archives and DL systems through the use of buckets. Buckets are an aggregative, intelligent construct for publishing in DLs. Buckets allow the decoupling of information content from information storage and retrieval. Buckets exist within the Smart Objects and Dumb Archives model for DLs in that many of the functionalities and responsibilities traditionally associated with archives are pushed down (making the archives dumber) into the buckets (making them smarter). Some of the responsibilities imbued to buckets are the enforcement of their terms and conditions, and maintenance and display of their contents.
In order to improve the publishing security level of sensitive data of digital librarys virtualization community, this study uses security grouping strategy of graph clustering to group users sensitive data, greatly improves the security of releasing sensitive data. This article first summarized digital librarys application service structure, introduced distribution system of sensitive data simply, detailed analyzed the related definitions of security...
Cole, Timothy W.; Mischo, William H.; Ferrer, Robert; Habing, Thomas G.
Describes the evolving information technologies employed at the Digital Library Initiative (DLI-I) Testbed of full-text journal articles at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Examines how XML, XSLT, and CSS can be used in a digital library application and discusses document representation and transmission, metadata schema, and
The situation of digital libraries teaching and learning in Spain up to 2008 is examined. A detailed analysis of the different curricula and subjects is provided both at undergraduate and postgraduate level. Digital libraries have been mostly a postgraduate topic in Spain, but they should become mainstream, with special subjects devoted to them,
Kovacevic, Ana; Devedzic, Vladan; Pocajt, Viktor
Purpose: This paper aims to address the problem of enhancing the selection of titles offered by a digital library, by analysing the differences in these titles when they are cited by local authors in their publications and when they are listed in the digital library offer. Design/methodology/approach: Text mining techniques were used to identify
Mazurek, Cezary; Stroinski, Maciej; Werla, Marcin; Weglarz, Jan
Purpose: The paper aims to present the concept of the functionality of metadata harvesting for regional digital libraries, based on the OAI-PMH protocol. This functionality is a part of regional digital libraries platform created in Poland. The platform was required to reach one of main objectives of the Polish PIONIER Programme--to enrich the
Nuernberg, Peter; Texas Digital Library; Leggett, John; Texas A&M University; McFarland, Mark; University of Texas at Austin
In this paper, we describe our recent work in using cloud computing to provision digital library services. We consider our original and current motivations, technical details of our implementation, the path we took, and our future work and lessons learned. We also compare our work with other digital library cloud efforts.
Shiri, Ali; Chase-Kruszewski, Sarah
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report an investigation into the types of knowledge organisation systems (KOSs) utilised in North American digital library collections. Design/methodology/approach: The paper identifies, analyses and deep scans online North American hosted digital libraries. It reviews the literature related to the
Abrizah, A.; Zainab, A. N.
This paper presents findings from a case study investigating secondary school teachers' understanding of the term digital libraries and their relationship with learning. The study addresses two research questions: (1) How do teachers conceptualize digital libraries, their relevance and issues relating to their integration into the curriculum? and
Comeaux, David J.
Digital libraries continue to flourish. At the same time, the principles of user-centered design and the practice of usability testing have been growing in popularity, spreading their influence into the library sphere. This article explores the confluence of these two trends by surveying the current literature on usability studies of digital
Case, Robert N.
The School Library Manpower Project is moving into the second phase which involves the implementation and evaluation of six experimental programs in school library media education. (9 references) (Author/MM)
As you might know, "digital signage" is a form of electronic display that shows information, advertising and other messages in both public and private environments. If you visited the Library lately, you probably discovered that something has changed in the way we inform library users of how our collections and services are evolving. A screen has now replaced the traditional shelf or showcase where libraries usually display new book acquisitions. This new digital showcase dynamically displays new book and ebook acquisitions in the Library, new titles available in the Bookshop, and most downloaded ebooks. The same content will be soon displayed also on the CERN digital signage network.
Full Text Available The RBEBBM publishes papers on Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education mostly, but not research papers exclusively. The RBEBBM readers are not only interested in research papers but also in any kinds of resources that are useful to improve their classes. In order to fulfill the biochemistry community needs expressed in the 2004 Workshop on Biochemistry Education, that took place at the 2004 SBBq annual meeting, new features were added to the RBEBBM. Started in March 2006, a digital library that publishes several kinds of materials, such as software, images, thesis and monographs, were incorporated to the RBEBBM collection. In its new format, every submitted content is peer reviewed before it is published. Another improvement was the offer of new tools for both authors and users, such as statistics of views and downloads, and interaction tools between authors and users, including a discussion forum exclusive to every resource published and user evaluation. We have obtained an innovative model for digital libraries which includes peer review, user evaluation and communication channels. This model brings users to the development of a more active role when using these tools.
Sharad Kumar Sonkar
Full Text Available With the digital library emerging as a trend in the present era, the information society of today suffers not from the lack but from a surplus of information. Distinguishing relevant from non-relevant information is therefore, one of the main tasks of librarians. The development of information technology in the field of digital libraries has attracted many research efforts during the last years. Many interesting projects have been started, dealing with the various open issues arising in this field addressing the challenges such as metadata selection, preservation, technology obsolescence, and copyright issues, etc.DESIDOC has taken several initiatives in this direction. Building a digital library of newspaper clippings is one such effort in this direction. This articles discusses in detail all the issues related to the development of digital library of newspaper clippings and implementation of Greenstone Digital Library software in developing such collection.
Baker, David P
This book provides a companion volume to Digital Library Economics and focuses on the 'how to' of managing digital collections and services (of all types) with regard to their financing and financial management. The emphasis is on case studies and practical examples drawn from a wide variety of contexts. A Handbook of Digital Library Economics is a practical manual for those involved - or expecting to be involved - in the development and management of digital libraries.provides practical approach to the subjectfocuses on the challenges associated with the economic and financial aspects of digi
Kaarsted, Thomas; Andersen, Knud Holch
Denmark invests massivly in education and we pride ourselves on having a worldclass IT infrastructure. But at the same time our educational system and the libraries fail to examine the connection between information supply, learning and the new digital reality. A new strategy could be the first step in the right direction.
Katz, Linda S
Get informed answers to your questions and concerns about integrating the materials in your library's collectionLibrary collections have always included materials in many formats?handling a mix of material types is an accepted part of library work. And in recent years, the very concept of ?collection? has been significantly redefined by the addition of electronic resources. But are print and digital materials really merged in library collections or are they treated and maintained as separate entities? Integrating Print and Digital Resources in Library Collections examines a variety
Vragov, George; Karadecheva, Maria; Georgiev, Petko; Ovcharova, Rosica
This report presents the project outcomes for digital presentation of historical artefacts from the region of Plovdiv, related to the Balkan War (1912-1913). The selected collections include digitized periodicals, postcards, photographs, museum objects and paintings by Bulgarian artists. Problems related to the digitization, creation, storage and visualization of digital objects from the funds of these cultural institutions are also discussed. The content of this digital library is expected t...
Libraries all over the world are transiting from the traditional print only era to the electronic era. The migration to an electronic library involves the understanding of several issues and requirements at the planning stage itself. This paper describes the various aspects of building a digital library system. Experience of implementing certain strategies in the IGCAR library is discussed in detail. The components of the digital library and the various access levels are discussed with examples. Finally, samples of the IGCAR library web site and the Newsletter web site are shown. (author)
Hill, Linda L.; Zheng, Qi
Describes the development by the Alexandria Digital Library of a gazetteer (dictionary of geographic names) composed of a Gazetteer Content Standard, a Feature Type Thesaurus, and an operational interactive gazetteer service. Illustrates the use of this tool in a georeferenced digital library and relates progress in working with Federal agencies
Creating a digital library might seem like a task best left to a large research collection with a vast staff and generous budget. However, tools for successfully creating digital libraries are getting easier to use all the time. The explosion of people creating content for the web has led to the availability of many high-quality applications and
Based on the theoretical framework of the actor-network sociology of innovation developed by Michel Callon, Bruno Latour and John Law, this paper will focus on the controversy which has been raging in Europe, and particularly in France, since 2004 when Google launched its project of a digital library. This controversy has shed light on different visions of digital libraries which resulted in projects such as the Google Book Search, Gallica 2 in France and Europeana, the European digital libra...
Trencheva, Tereza; TODOROVA, Tania; Trenchev, Ivan
The purpose of this paper is to introduce Digital Rights Management (DRM) and its implications for content producers, consumers, and libraries. Simply stated, DRM is a technology that allows copyright owners to regulate and manage their content when it is disseminated in a digital format, and it is the reason why some patrons cannot access some of the downloadable digital content provided by libraries. In the first part of this paper, we provide a short introduction to DRM b...
The reality of students' cyber lives has thrust upon educators a new approach: creating character education programs tuned to digital youth that are proactive and aggressive. This will help integrate students' digital activities within the context of the communities in which they live, both local and digital. The digital age beckons a new era of
Archaeologists have used material artifacts found in a physical space to gain an understanding about the people who occupied that space. Likewise, as users wander through a digital library, they leave behind data-based artifacts of their activity in the virtual space. Digital library archaeologists can gather these artifacts and employ inductive
Hanumat G. Sastry,
Full Text Available The rapid development of Information and Communication Technologies has provided a well sophisticated environment to develop the digital libraries. A digital library is a large-scale, organized collection of complex and dynamic multimedia information and knowledge, and tools and methods to enable search, manipulation and presentation of this information and knowledge via Internet. User-Centered approach for the digital libraries would increase its usage . Web 2.0 technologies provide better user-centered services with rich user experience for Web applications. Hence this paper deals with the significance of Web 2.0 in building of digital libraries and presents the architecture of Web 2.0 enabled user interface system for DSpace digital repository.
Ballard, R. M.
Explores the problems facing library education in less developed countries as a result of the rapid transfer of advanced technology and the adoption of curriculums of developed countries in emerging nations. (FM)
Full Text Available Due to the increasingly growing Internet, many countries take a serious look at the new information carrier. Few years ago, National Science Foundation (NSF of USA initiated research projects on Digital Libraries (DL. Other countries around the world also initiated many DL research projects recently. There are some DL projects undergoing now in Taiwan. However, in the process of project execution, many project leaders find out that the students involving in these projects are not well trained. This is not because of educational quality, but the interdisciplinary characteristics of DL researches. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the supporting courses for training manpower in the field of digital library.After preliminary analysis, there is little consensus on the usage of terminology. As for the curriculum, 36 courses are suggested by professors and experts. With comparison to the current curriculum, a joint force from different departments is capable to cultivate the necessary manpower for DL projects. Only six courses need to be initiated to compensate the deficiency of the current curriculum. Due to the interdisciplinary characteristics of DL projects, this paper suggests that 20 credits is the minimal requirement for students from various fields to gain the basic knowledge and skills to involve DL projects.[Article content in Chinese
Gilbert, Ellen D.
Describes the new facilities at the New York Public Library, the British Library, and the National Library of France, including reference service, delivery time for books, and general ambience. Also reports on a conference that addressed issues related to scholarly communication and digital technology in the academic community. (LRW)
Pampaloni, Andrea M.; Bird, Nora J.
This study evaluates whether or not community college libraries have in place the characteristics necessary to develop digital branch libraries to meet the expanding and changing needs of their publics. Using Hon and Grunig's (1999) relationship building criteria as a framework, 98 community college library websites were analyzed to determine
This article is the revised and elaborated version of a presentation that was delivered at the invitation of the American Digital Library Federation (DLF) at their Spring Forum meeting in New Orleans (http://www.diglib.org/forums/Spring2004/springforum04abs.htm). It will be followed by "Search engine technology and digital libraries: Moving from theory to praxis" as a collaborative article from this author and Friedrich Summann, Head of IT at Bielefeld University Library. With the development...
At the University of Bergen Library (UBL) the digital library has been developed over a period of 25 years. It started slowly, but during the last decade the changes have been more and more rapid, entailing major alterations of the routines and services. There has also been a revolution in the amount of available digitalized information. I will look briefly at some of the changes and challenges that the University of Bergen Library has been facing during the last 10 - 15 years....
Berquist, Rachel M; Gledhill, Kristen M; Peterson, Matthew W; Doan, Allyson H; Baxter, Gregory T; Yopak, Kara E; Kang, Ning; Walker, H J; Hastings, Philip A; Frank, Lawrence R
Museum fish collections possess a wealth of anatomical and morphological data that are essential for documenting and understanding biodiversity. Obtaining access to specimens for research, however, is not always practical and frequently conflicts with the need to maintain the physical integrity of specimens and the collection as a whole. Non-invasive three-dimensional (3D) digital imaging therefore serves a critical role in facilitating the digitization of these specimens for anatomical and morphological analysis as well as facilitating an efficient method for online storage and sharing of this imaging data. Here we describe the development of the Digital Fish Library (DFL, http://www.digitalfishlibrary.org), an online digital archive of high-resolution, high-contrast, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the soft tissue anatomy of an array of fishes preserved in the Marine Vertebrate Collection of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. We have imaged and uploaded MRI data for over 300 marine and freshwater species, developed a data archival and retrieval system with a web-based image analysis and visualization tool, and integrated these into the public DFL website to disseminate data and associated metadata freely over the web. We show that MRI is a rapid and powerful method for accurately depicting the in-situ soft-tissue anatomy of preserved fishes in sufficient detail for large-scale comparative digital morphology. However these 3D volumetric data require a sophisticated computational and archival infrastructure in order to be broadly accessible to researchers and educators. PMID:22493695
Theng, Yin-Leng, Ed.; Foo, Schubert, Ed.
This book showcases some of the best digital library practices from organizations in the Asia Pacific. Particular emphasis has been placed on the design, use and usability of digital libraries. Not only are digital libraries examined, but related technologies, the management of knowledge in digital libraries, and the associated usability and
Full Text Available This paper describes the conceptualisation of a model for a collaborative digital library specially tailored for Malaysian secondary schools, which will support classroom teaching and learning. The move towards collaboratively building the contents of a digital library is a fairly recent trend and it simulates an environment where partners are empowered to participate in building and up keeping the knowledge contents of the system. The conceptualisation of a Malaysian digital library is in line with the governments efforts in establishing SMART schools. However, various issues such as identifying local resources, ascertaining the needs of it users, and establishing a framework to meet these needs, must be addressed before the digital library can be fully implemented. It may be approached through the establishment of test beds in a particular learning institution, before nationwide implementation.
Invenio is free software platform for digital libraries and document repositories on the web. Invenio was originally developed at CERN to power its scientific document server containing about 1 million of articles, books, photos, videos, and more.\
Montana State University has available on the Web a digital library called the "Indian Peoples of the Northern Great Plains." The key elements of this collaborative IMLS project were the sharing of equipment, staff, and images.
Like the other industries the United States once dominated, higher education is facing increasing global competition. Any strengthening of K-12 education will strengthen higher education in turn. In this article, the author opines that higher education advocates should also urge Congress to include school libraries and librarians in NCLB when they
Wan, Gary; Liu, Zao
This paper discusses the applications and importance of content-based information retrieval technology in digital libraries. It generalizes the process and analyzes current examples in four areas of the technology. Content-based information retrieval has been shown to be an effective way to search for the type of multimedia documents that are increasingly stored in digital libraries. As a good complement to traditional textbased information retrieval technology, content-based informatio...
Assante, Massimiliano; Frosini, Luca
Abstract. Large scale Digital Library e-Infrastructures are emerging as a new approach for facilitating the development of Digital Libraries (DLs) serving diverse user communities with specific and continuously evolving requirements. Such an approach promotes the building of large-scale DLs via the dynamic, automated management of highly-distributed DL resources - e.g. collections of information objects, services, computing and storage resources - and enforcing controlled sharing of such reso...
Renda, Maria Elena; Straccia, Umberto
We envisage a Digital Library not only as an information resource where users may submit queries to satisfy their information need, but also as a collaborative working and meeting space. We will present a personalized collaborative Digital Library environment, where users may organise the information space according to their own subjective view, may become aware of each other, exchange information and knowledge with each other, may build communities and may get recommendations. After formalis...
ATHANASOPOULOS, GEORGE; Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, Anna; Vullo, Giuseppina; Ross, Seamus
This document represents the first release of the Digital Library Reference Model produced by the DL.org project. It has been produced by using the DELOS Digital Library Reference Model released by the DELOS Network of Excellence as firm starting point. This release maintains, consolidates and enhances the previous one by applying a number of revisions and extensions. The document maintains the structure of the previous release. It is organised in three parts each forming a self contained art...
Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry
Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.
Candela, Leonardo; ATHANASOPOULOS, GEORGE; Castelli, Donatella; El Raheb, Katerina; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, Ana; Vullo, Giuseppina; Ross, Seamus
This document represents the final release of the Digital Library Reference Model produced by the DL.org project. It has been produced by using the DELOS Digital Library Reference Model released by the DELOS Network of Excellence as firm starting point. This release maintains, consolidates and enhances the previous one by applying a number of revisions and extensions. The document maintains the structure of the previous release, i.e., it is a volume consisting of different parts. However, the...
Xu, Beijie; Recker, Mimi
Teachers and students increasingly enjoy unprecedented access to abundant web resources and digital libraries to enhance and enrich their classroom experiences. However, due to the distributed nature of such systems, conventional educational research methods, such as surveys and observations, provide only limited snapshots. In addition,
At the University of Maryland, an interdisciplinary team of researchers from information studies, computer science, education, art, and psychology worked with seven children (ages seven to eleven) to design a new digital library for children. This partnership led to new approaches for collection development, cataloging (metadata standards), and
Johnson, Kay; Magusin, Elaine
This book, which is a volume in The Jossey-Bass Online Teaching and Learning series, addresses the key issue of library services for faculty and their students in the online learning environment. Written by librarians at Athabasca University, a leading institution in distance education, this book shows how faculty can effectively use digital
Salwasser, Janine; Murray-Rust, Catherine
Describes a needs assessment conducted at Oregon State University libraries to guide the design, content, and development of a natural resources digital library. Highlights include user profile; identification of questions; face-to-face interviews; workshops with users; current sources for relevant information; users' information needs; ability to
Lieu, Yew-Huey; Dantzig, Paul; Sachs, Martin; Corey, James T.; Hinnebusch, Mark T.; Damashek, Marc; Cohen, Jonathan
Discusses access to digital libraries on the World Wide Web via Web browsers and describes the design of a language-independent document classification system to help users of the Florida Center for Library Automation analyze search query results. Highlights include similarity scores, clustering, graphical representation of document similarity,
Vinson, Christopher G.; Boyd, Kate Foster
This article explores the historical foundations of the South Carolina Digital Library, a collaborative statewide program that ties together academic special collections and archives, public libraries, state government archives, and other cultural resource institutions in an effort to provide the state with a comprehensive database of online
Del Puerto, C.; Concepción Anguita, M.; Domènech, A.; Zelman, N. R.; Ventura, L.
The popularization of science, as a part of Culture, has and continues to be a constant concern for the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), reflected in important actions, such as public outreach campaigns at educational institutions, open days at the Observatories, courses and conferences, exhibits, cooperation with publishing companies and awards, educational programmes, printed (IAC Noticias) and online newsletters, online scientific outreach, radio programmes (Canarias Innova) and attention to the media, besides the public outreach and communication of the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) and several special activities related to astronomical phenomena like eclipses, transits, comets or meteor showers. This poster introduces the digital newsletters GTC Digital and Caosyciencia, as well as the educational projects Educating in the Cosmos (Cosmoeduca) and Odyssey in Space-Time.
Zickuhr, Kathryn; Rainie, Lee; Purcell, Kristen
This report explores the changing world of library services by exploring the activities at libraries that are already in transition and the kinds of services citizens would like to see if they could redesign libraries themselves. It is part of a larger research effort by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project that is exploring
Joseph O. Aina
Full Text Available In this paper, the various provisions for the library in the National policy on Education (1981 have been highlighted. The antecedents to these provisions are also shown. Finally, some of the major weaknesses in the provisions for the library are outlined. It was concluded that the provisions for the library in the various sections are indications of government acceptance of the library as an instrument for teaching and learning activities and so two recommendations are made to enhance library services in the country.
The author presents 10 best digital resources for 2009. As librarians prepare for the next school year--or as public libraries develop the budget for a new fiscal year--these are the products for children and teens that should be advocated to add to one's digital collection. These include: (1) American Indian Experience; (2) Animoto
Researchers were the first adopters of digital resources available through the library. Online journals and databases make finding research articles much easier than when this author started as a librarian more than 20 years ago. Speedier interlibrary loan due to digital delivery means research materials are never far away. Making it easier for
Koulouris, Alexandros; Kapidakis, Sarantos
This paper presents a policy decision tree for digital information management in academic libraries. The decision tree is a policy guide, which offers alternative access and reproduction policy solutions according to the prevailing circumstances (for example acquisition method, copyright ownership). It refers to the digital information life cycle,
Rákosník, Ji?í; Stanchev, P.; Simeonov, G.; Pavlov, R.
Sofia : Institute of Mathematics and Informatics - BAS, 2012 - (Pavlov, R.; Stanchev, P.), s. 60-67 ISSN 1314-4006. [Proceedings of the Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage 2012. Veliko Tarnovo (BG), 18.09.2012-21.09.2012] Grant ostatní: European Commission(XE) EuDML(250503) Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : digital mathematics library * open access * institutional repositories Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics
Digital Preservation and Deep Infrastructure; Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Progress Report and Workplan for 2002; Video Gaming, Education and Digital Learning Technologies: Relevance and Opportunities; Digital Collections of Real World Objects; The MusArt Music-Retrieval System: An Overview; eML: Taking Mississippi Libraries into the 21st Century.
Granger, Stewart; Dekkers, Makx; Weibel, Stuart L.; Kirriemuir, John; Lensch, Hendrik P. A.; Goesele, Michael; Seidel, Hans-Peter; Birmingham, William; Pardo, Bryan; Meek, Colin; Shifrin, Jonah; Goodvin, Renee; Lippy, Brooke
One opinion piece and five articles in this issue discuss: digital preservation infrastructure; accomplishments and changes in the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative in 2001 and plans for 2002; video gaming and how it relates to digital libraries and learning technologies; overview of a music retrieval system; and the online version of the
Michael F Goodchild
Full Text Available The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL was established in the late 1990s as a response to several perceived problems of traditional map libraries, notably access and organization. By 1999 it had evolved into an operational digital library, offering a well-defined set of services to a broad user community, based on an extensive collection of georeferenced information objects. The vision of ADL continues to evolve, as technology makes new services possible, as its users become more sophisticated and demanding, and as the broader field of geographic information science (GlScience identifies new avenues for research and application.
With the rapid development of digital and network technology, traditional libraries have been unable to meet the needs of the times. Digital libraries will gradually take the place of traditional libraries. Under the circumstances, how will the libraries of the enterprises in nuclear industry face this transformation? This paper gives the brief descriptions and comparative analyses in the four aspects: the definition of the digital library, the meaning of nuclear scientific and technological digital library, the characteristics of the digital library, and major problems in the construction of nuclear scientific and technological digital library that should be solved. Therefore, setting up the digital library is very important. At the same time, it's very necessary and urgent for the libraries of the enterprises in nuclear industry to establish nuclear scientific and technological digital library. (author)
Weller, Martin; Anderson, Terry
Higher education institutions face a number of opportunities and challenges as the result of the digital revolution. The institutions perform a number of scholarship functions which can be affected by new technologies, and the desire is to retain these functions where appropriate, whilst the form they take may change. Much of the reaction to
Brian J. McNely
Full Text Available This articlea collaborative exploration between instructors, students, and members of the broader, digital classroom communityexplores how the strategic incorporation of sociotechnical networks and digital technologies facilitates literate practices that extend the classroom in productive ways. The article builds toward coauthors reflective practices (Schön, 1983, or participatory perspectives, had during an undergraduate English Studies course at a mid-sized, public, American university. Specifically, participants argue that these literate practices afforded not just information sharing, but the opening up of a traditional classroom to include broader digital publics and collaborative knowledge work (Spinuzzi, 2006. Toward this end, we ground literate practice in scholarship that attends to public writing in online spaces, and theoretically frame our argument using Jenkins et al.s (2006 principles of participatory education. We then detail the specific curricular approach deliberately designed to create digitally connected publics and end with generalizable significance of coauthors participatory perspectives.
This article presents the narrative accounts of the beginnings of digital library programs in five European national libraries: Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library. Based on interviews with policy makers and developers of digital
Gouveia, Luís Borges
The growing number of computers and networks place new challenges to every sector of our lives. Digital information is omnipresent in an everyday basis in any kind of activity that both individuals and organizations perform. As a result the needs and services provided by libraries needed to consider such a digital context with a smart move to adapt and evolve in order to provide digital information along with more traditional services. This presentation introduces some of the concepts r...
Access of Digitized Print Originals in US and UK Higher Education Libraries Combined with Print Circulation Indicates Increased Usage of Traditional Forms of Reading Materials. A Review of: Joint, Nicholas. Is Digitisation the New Circulation?: Borrowing Trends, Digitisation and the nature of reading in US and UK Libraries. Library Review 57.2 (2008): 87-95.
Objective To discern the statistical accuracy of reports that print circulation is in decline in libraries, particularly higher education libraries in the United States (US)and United Kingdom (UK), and to determine if circulation patterns reflect a changing dynamic in patron reading habits.Design Comparative statistical analysis.Setting Library circulation statistics from as early as 1982 to as recent as 2006, culled from various sources with specific references to statistics gat...
SPIE (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers) is a not-for-profit international society which publishes one of the largest collections of applied optics and photonics research papers in the world: the SPIE Digital Library. This resource includes more than 300,000 technical papers from SPIE journals, e-books and conference proceedings from 1990 to the present. The SPIE Digital Library covers many areas of interest for CERN users, such as astronomy, nanotechnology, sensors, lasers, electro-optics and imaging. The CERN Library has trial access to the complete resource till 31 March 2012, don't hesitate to give it a try! Access to the SPIE Digital Library here. We welcome any comment or question at email@example.com.
Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.
Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.
??? Ying-Chun Hsieh
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For the research and development of a new multi-medium like digital library and digital museum, there is a great deal of concern from communication theories and the nature of digital medium. Besides of the theory of "transmission model," other theories like "communication as culture," "diffusion of innovations," and "new media technology" should be taken into account seriously
Deloitte Haskins & Sells Associates, Edmonton (Alberta).
The report presents the findings, analysis, and conclusions of the external evaluation of the effectiveness of Alberta Education Library Services conducted between September 1985 and March 1986 under the guidance of the Library Services Evaluation Steering Committee (Phase 2 of the evaluation and planning process initiated in 1985 to clarify the
Full Text Available It is undisputed that storytelling is one of the oldest practices of humankind and has been ever-present in social life. This traditional role of narrating has gained new and unexpected topicality in the last decades in various fields and in many respects. Today, 'digital storytelling' is widely established as an umbrella term. Related phenomena are being discussed in terms of mediation, mediatization, multimodal forms of narration and others. As to educational issues, the situation seems to be rather ambivalent. On the one hand, digital storytelling offers enhancements of learning experiences, chances for meaningful learning and democratization, and also for bridging formal and informal contexts. On the other hand, we can observe a persistent adherence of educational institutions to "writing" as the dominant medium in many countries, thus negating media ecologies and the multimedia environment. Especially regular schools are widely conceptualized as "monomedial provinces" (J. Böhme, thus being justified as "literal countercultures" in which it is imperative to defend literality as the foremost achievement in the process of civilization, whereas otherwise calls for "new literacies" cannot go unnoticed. The contribution reflects on various understandings of 'digital storytelling' and underestimated dimensions in this regard. It aims at pointing out conceptual problems, and it sounds out limitations of the utilization of digital storytelling in educational contexts.
Shim, Wonsik; Kantor, Paul B.
A complex tool, data envelopment analysis (DEA) was used to evaluate the relative efficiency of major academic research libraries that are members of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). Results of a two-year base line study using traditional measures taken from 1995-96 ARL statistics are reported. (AEF)
In recent years public libraries have experimented with user-generated or community-contributed content through the interactive tools of Web 2.0. For some commentators this not just establishes a new relationship between libraries and their publics, but signals the end of information hegemony and an "expert paradigm". Such claims need to be
Full Text Available The creation, management and use of digital materials are of increasing importance for a wide range of activities. Much of the knowledge base and intellectual assets of institutions and individuals are now in digital form. The term digital curation is increasingly being used for the actions needed to add value to and maintain these digital assets over time for current and future generations of users. The paper explores this emerging field of digital curation as an area of inter-disciplinary research and practice, and the trends which are influencing its development. It analyses the genesis of the term and how traditional roles relating to digital assets are in transition. Finally it explores some of the drivers for curation ranging from trends such as exponential growth in digital information, to "life-caching", digital preservation, the Grid and new opportunities for publishing, sharing, and re-using data. It concludes that significant effort needs to be put into developing a persistent information infrastructure for digital materials and into developing the digital curation skills of researchers and information professionals. Without this, current investment in digitisation and digital content will only secure short-term rather than lasting benefits.
Bernard, Jürgen; Brase, Jan; Fellner, Dieter,; Koepler, Oliver; Kohlhammer, Jörn; Ruppert, Tobias; Schreck, Tobias; Sens, Irina
Digital Library support for textual and certain types of non-textual documents has significantly advanced over the last years. While Digital Library support implies many aspects along the whole library workflow model, interactive and visual retrieval allowing effective query formulation and result presentation are important functions. Recently, new kinds of non-textual documents which merit Digital Library support, but yet cannot be accommodated by existing Digital Library technology, have co...
Bernard, Jürgen; Brase, Jan; Fellner, Dieter,; Koepler, Oliver; Kohlhammer, Jörn; Ruppert, Tobias; Schreck, Tobias; Sens, Irina
Digital Library support for textual and certain types of non-textual documents has significantly advanced over the last years. While Digital Library support implies many aspects along the whole library workflow model, interactive and visual retrieval allowing effective query formulation and result presentation are important functions. Recently, new kinds of non-textual documents which merit Digital Library support, but yet cannot be fully accommodated by existing Digital Library technology, h...
Full Text Available The purpose of performance indicators is to assess the quality and effectiveness of services provided by a library ... and to assess the efficiency of resources allocated by the library to such services. In the last decades, libraries have developed sets of performance indicators for evaluating the quality of their services. Such indicators have been presented in handbooks and in an international standard. They were for the most part restricted to the traditional library services (collection, lending and ILL services, reading rooms, reference desk. For the fast developing electronic library services new and special indicators are needed in order to assess the effectiveness of services and to justify expenditure and resource allocation to that sector. In several projects on a national and international scale, such indicators have been developed and tested.
Flater, David W.; Yesha, Yelena
In much the same way that the field of artificial intelligence produced a cult which fervently believed that computers would soon think like human beings, the existence of electronic books has resurrected the paperless society as a utopian vision to some, an apocalyptic horror to others. In this essay we have attempted to provide realistic notions of what digital libraries are likely to become if they are a popular success. E-books are capable of subsuming most of the media we use today and have the potential for added functionality by being interactive. The environmental impact of having millions more computers will be offset to some degree, perhaps even exceeded, by the fact that televisions, stereos, VCR's, CD players, newspapers, magazines, and books will become part of the computer system or be made redundant. On the whole, large-scale use of digital libraries is likely to be a winning proposition. Whether or not this comes to pass depends on the directions taken by today's researchers and software developers. By involving the public, the effort being put into digital libraries can be leveraged into something which is big enough to make a real change for the better. If digital libraries remain the exclusive property of government, universities, and large research firms, then large parts of the world will remain without digital libraries for years to come, just as they have remained without digital phone service for far too long. If software companies try to scuttle the project by patenting crucial algorithms and using proprietary data formats, all of us will suffer. Let us reverse the errors of the past and create a truly open digital library system.
Full Text Available Todays digital library is a massive collection of various types and categories of documents. The existing search engines do not provide subjective search from the collection, as no information about context is stored. The existing search engine mostly uses the agent based search then the database based search. The database search is simpler easier but static verses dynamic Web. The work shows how database become dynamic, subjective and search query becomes simpler. The subjective and context based search is necessity of searchingin Digital Library. The user who may be researcher, students, and even common person expect subject or context and need content accessibility precise and subject specific. This paper presents the topic-word specific subjective search using the database approach in digital library, by data mining technique in warehouse.
It is undisputed that storytelling is one of the oldest practices of humankind and has been ever-present in social life. This traditional role of narrating has gained new and unexpected topicality in the last decades in various fields and in many respects. Today, 'digital storytelling' is widely established as an umbrella term. Related phenomena are being discussed in terms of mediation, mediatization, multimodal forms of narration and others. As to educational issues, the situation seems to ...
Digital Division Is Cultural Exclusion, but Is Digital Inclusion Cultural Inclusion?; We Come from Around the World and Share Similar Visions; Oksale: An Indigenous Approach to Creating a Virtual Library of Education Resources; Whose Rules? Intellectual Property, Culture and Indigenous Communities.
Worcman, Karen; Holland, Maurita Peterson; Roy, Loriene; Larsen, Peter; Seadle, Michael
Includes four articles that discuss digital technology and indigenous communities. Highlights include digitization of cultural resources; cultural instantiation in electronic media; partnerships; the needs of indigenous groups; library school students' service-based learning experiences in creating a virtual library for a tribal village; and
The National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program; Metadata Principles and Practicalities; Challenges for Service Providers when Importing Metadata in Digital Libraries; Integrated and Aggregated Reference Services.
Friedlander, Amy; Duval, Erik; Hodgins, Wayne; Sutton, Stuart; Weibel, Stuart L.; McClelland, Marilyn; McArthur, David; Giersch, Sarah; Geisler, Gary; Hodgkin, Adam
Includes 6 articles that discuss the National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program at the Library of Congress; metadata in digital libraries; integrated reference services on the Web. (LRW)
Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b
Full Text Available In order to improve the publishing security level of sensitive data of digital librarys virtualization community, this study uses security grouping strategy of graph clustering to group users sensitive data, greatly improves the security of releasing sensitive data. This article first summarized digital librarys application service structure, introduced distribution system of sensitive data simply, detailed analyzed the related definitions of security grouping of the graph clustering and calculation method of generalization information loss, finally got available sensitive data. Experimental results show that anti-attack of sensitive data processed by the policy has been improved significantly, has certain research value.
Schatz, B R
A digital library enables users to interact effectively with information distributed across a network. These network information systems support search and display of items from organized collections. In the historical evolution of digital libraries, the mechanisms for retrieval of scientific literature have been particularly important. Grand visions in 1960 led first to the development of text search, from bibliographic databases to full-text retrieval. Next, research prototypes catalyzed the rise of document search, from multimedia browsing across local-area networks to distributed search on the Internet. By 2010, the visions will be realized, with concept search enabling semantic retrieval across large collections. PMID:8994022
Kerns, Stephanie C
In today's world, library users are confronted with almost too many options for using information because of the ubiquitousness of technology. Yet, libraries can harness the power of the same technologies to help users find the information they need at the time it is needed. The tools described in this article represent a starting point for librarians looking for technologies that are easy to use, inexpensive, and have a reasonable learning curve. Technologies addressed include classroom technologies such as audience response systems and Web-based technologies, including Web tutorials and screencasting. These technologies enhance and offer flexibility and variety in many educational settings. PMID:17915635
Google Analytics has advanced features for tracking search queries, events such as clicking external links or downloading files, which you can use to track user behavior that is normally difficult to track with traditional web logging software. By tracking behavior, you can use Google Analytics API to extract data and integrate it with data from your digital repository to show granular data about individual items. Using this information, digital libraries can learn how users use the site with...
Lor, Peter Johan
Over millennia librarians have striven for universality: complete control of all recorded knowledge, if not through ownership then through bibliographic organisation and systems for universal availability and access. Modern digital technologies offer new possibilities of achieving universality, but also presents big challenges. This paper raises some critical questions about the concepts of digital libraries and archiving knowledge. It uses a basic life-cycle approach to digita...
Tani, Alice; Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella
In this work, we elaborate on the meaning of metadata quality by surveying efforts and experiences matured in the digital library domain. In particular, an overview of the frameworks developed to characterize such a multi-faceted concept is presented. Moreover, the most common quality-related problems affecting metadata both during the creation and the aggregation phase are discussed together with the approaches, technologies and tools developed to mitigate them. This survey on digital librar...
Do Thi Thanh Thuy
In modem society, information resources have become important strategic resources for our survival and development. Sharing information resources is a common aspiration. Document resources sharing is the basis of modem document services, and also the working target of the document workers and the key point is the development of digital resources. The purpose of digital resources development is to use and share library information resources effectively, and ultimately fulfill the Southeast Asi...
Public Access to Digital Material; A Call to Researchers: Digital Libraries Need Collaboration across Disciplines; Greenstone: Open-Source Digital Library Software; Retrieval Issues for the Colorado Digitization Project's Heritage Database; Report on the 5th European Conference on Digital Libraries, ECDL 2001; Report on the First Joint Conference on Digital Libraries.
Kahle, Brewster; Prelinger, Rick; Jackson, Mary E.; Boyack, Kevin W.; Wylie, Brian N.; Davidson, George S.; Witten, Ian H.; Bainbridge, David; Boddie, Stefan J.; Garrison, William A.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Borgman, Christine L.; Hessel, Heather
These six articles discuss various issues relating to digital libraries. Highlights include public access to digital materials; intellectual property concerns; the need for collaboration across disciplines; Greenstone software for construction and presentation of digital information collections; the Colorado Digitization Project; and conferences
A.B.S.V.I Prasada Rao,
Full Text Available Space net is a Closed User Group (CUG-based communication network of Department of Space/Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO catering to a variety of space community needs. It offers wide range of potential benefits both to libraries and end-users across the ISRO centres in India. Over a decade, Space net has evolved as a community network for the space community in India. The paper explains how the resources of various ISRO information centres are shared/utilised, digital libraries (DL built, accessed, and institutional repositories (IRs organised among the libraries using Space net.
Describes the Indonesian Digital Library Network that is designed to develop Indonesia as a knowledge-based society. Highlights include the digital divide; problems in a developing country, including Internet accessibility, bandwidth capacity, and network delays; gathering information about national assets; information infrastructure; data
R. N. Mishra
Full Text Available Data mining involves significant process ofidentifying the extraction of hidden predictive informationfrom vast array of databases and it is an authoritative newtechnology with potentiality to facilitate the Libraries andInformation Centers to focus on the most importantinformation in their data warehouses. It is a viable tool topredict future trends and behaviors in the field of library andinformation service for deducing proactive, knowledge-drivendecisions. Mechanized, prospective analyses of data miningmove beyond the analyses of past events provided byretrospective tools typical of decision support systems. DataMining, Process of Data Mining, Knowledge Discovery inDatabases, DBMS, Data Mining Techniques etc. etc. havebeen discussed in this paper.
Murilo Bastos da, Cunha.
Full Text Available Análise dos principais problemas que poderão ocorrer nos diversos aspectos da biblioteca universitária durante e após a implantação da biblioteca digital. Os aspectos estudados são instalações físicas; aquisição, desenvolvimento de coleções e comutação bibliográfica; catalogação, classificação e ind [...] exação; referência; preservação e tecnologia. Abstract in english Analysis of the possible major problems to be faced in several university library sectors during and after the implementation of a digital library project. The areas studied are: physical instalations, library acquisition, collection development, interlibrary loan, cataloging, classification, indexi [...] ng, reference, preservation and technology.
Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis
Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30) and the other of Variations2 (n=12). Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2...
This site, provided by the National Library of Canada (discussed in the July 5, 1996 Scout Report) contains a virtual treasure chest of Canadiana. Highlights include Canada Speaks, biographical information and selected speeches by Canadian Prime Ministers since 1867; Canadian Confederation, information on the interplay between the American Civil War and Canadian Confederation; the Glenn Gould Archive, a comprehensive site devoted to the famous concert pianist; and an essay on the Canadian North. However, the most impressive part of the site is the Canadian Music Periodical Index, a searchable database of bibliographic citations from hundreds of Canadian music sources.
Pan, Bing; School of Business and Economics, College of Charleston; Hembrooke, Helene; Human-Computer Interaction Group, Information Science, Cornell University; Gay, Geri; Human-Computer Interaction Group, Information Science, Cornell University; Gonsalves, Gerald C.; School of Business and Economics, College of Charleston
This paper proposes a general conceptual model for the access of digital libraries based on relevant research in information retrieval, information seeking and foraging, and activity based design theory. The authors reveal that a gap exists in current digital library design practices in which a digital library is disconnected from its targeted user community. Search engines have disintermediated many digital library interfaces and their related evaluation and usability efforts....
The backup of the digital library resources has its unique characteristics, the work can be done both by disk to tape (DTT) or disk to disk (DTD), according to the backup data is static data or dynamic data. This paper produced a conclusion after comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the two backup methods.
Foundation Center, 2011
This publication is only available as a downloadable file. See who's giving and getting grants in your field. Strengthen your search for funds with the Foundation Center's digital edition of "Grants for Libraries & Information Services." This new "Grant Guide" reveals the scope of current foundation giving in the field. You'll find descriptions of
Today's school library uses an increasing number of digital resources to supplement a print collection that is moving more toward fiction and literary non-fiction. Supplemental resources, including streaming video, online resources, subscription databases, audiobooks, e-books, and even games, round out the new collections. Despite the best
Dunlap, Isaac Hunter
Not since the age of Gutenberg has an information upheaval so thoroughly disrupted the processes of scholarly knowledge creation, management and preservation as the digital revolution currently under way. Academic libraries have traditionally been structured to effectively facilitate the access, use and storage of mostly static, print-based
Paulus, Michael J., Jr.
This paper considers the concept of "the archive" in the digital age and the situation of libraries and archives within the lifecycle of information. After discussing the changing nature of books, records, scholarly communication, and the concept of "the archive," this paper merges book and record lifecycle models into a new archival cycle. To
Purpose: The paper aims to provide an overall methodology and case study for the innovation and extension of a digital library, especially the service system. Design/methodology/approach: Based on the three-dimensional structure theory of the information service industry, this paper combines a comprehensive analysis with the practical experiences
de Campos, Luis M.; Fernandez-Luna, Juan M.; Huete, Juan F.; Martin-Dancausa, Carlos J.; Tagua-Jimenez, Antonio; Tur-Vigil, Carmen
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the reorganisation of the Andalusian Parliament's digital library to improve the electronic representation and access of its official corpus by taking advantage of a document's internal organisation. Video recordings of the parliamentary sessions have also been integrated with their
Pandian, M. Paul; Jambhekar, Ashok; Karisiddappa, C. R.
Provides a framework for the design and development of an intranet model based on a consortia approach by the Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) digital library system that will facilitate information access and use by providing a single Web-enabled window to users to their own resources and to sources in other participating institutions.
Pepe, Alberto; Gracco, Maja; Le Meur, Jean-Yves; Robinson, Nicholas; Simko, Tibor; Vesely, Martin
CERN as the international European Organization for Nuclear Research has been involved since its early beginnings with the open dissemination of scientific results. The dissemination started by free paper distribution of preprints by CERN Library and continued electronically via FTP bulletin boards, the World Wide Web to the current OAI-compliant CERN Document Server. CERN Document Server Software (CDSware) is a suite of applications which provides the framework and tools for building and managing an autonomous digital library server. In this paper, we discuss the design philosophy of CDSware and its modular, extensible, architecture. Each module comes as an independent entity embodying a specific aspect of digital library workflow. By means of a flow-chart we present the operational workflow of the system, depicting its module interactions. Hence, some of the key features in the CDSware technology are introduced more in detail, namely metadata representation, acquisition and delivery, indexing and ranking te...
Full Text Available This paper will consider the Digimap Project its introduction into the Bodleian Library, how it has evolved, and how digital datas arrival in the Library might influence future developments.
R?iha?k, Jakub; Kamra?dkova?, Kater?ina
This paper describes recent activities in the area of digitization processes at the National Technical Library, Prague (Czech Republic), in particular a new schema of digitization workflow, its outputs and its impact on services provided to the National Technical Library´s users. Furthermore, it presents System Kramerius and cooperation oportunities in eBooks on Demand project for the Czech libraries.
Edward Iglesias; Wittawat Meesangnil
With the increasing numbers of born digital and digitized objects in academic libraries from sources such as digital collections and institutional repositories many academic libraries need to seriously consider implementing some form of digital preservation system. In 2009 the Central Connecticut State University Library decided to use Amazon S3 for digital preservation storage despite some drawbacks. The library has developed a system, ERIS Digital Archive, to manage all digital preservation...
Hybrid library that satisfies the needs of all the citizens! ; Improving the library service through cooperation of higher-education institution libraries and public libraries ; Enthusiasm of Mr. Yasuhiro Nagata, chief librarian of Fukui prefectural library and the staff
Hybrid library that satisfies the needs of all the citizens! ; Improving the library service through cooperation of higher-education institution libraries and public libraries ; Enthusiasm of Mr. Yasuhiro Nagata, chief librarian of Fukui prefectural library and the staff
Char Booth, an avid library education and technology advocate, introduces a series of concepts that will empower readers at any level of experience to become better designers and presenters, as well as building their confidence and satisfaction as library educators
Hamid R. Jamali
Full Text Available A simple search in the Amazon bookstore (Amazon.com returns more than 300 books with the term digital library/libraries in their title. 'Digital libraries' is a topic that has been attracting a great deal of attention from researchers in a variety of academic disciplines especially the library and information science (LIS, and computer science communities. However, there is no consensus on the formal definition of digital libraries. This is partly due to the fact that researchers in different fields look at digital libraries from different perspectives.
The idea of a World digital mathematics library (DML) has been around since the turn of the 21th century. We feel that it is time to make it a reality, starting in a modest way from successful bricks that have already been built, but with an ambitious goal in mind. After a brief historical overview of publishing mathematics, an estimate of the size and a characterisation of the bulk of documents to be included in the DML, we turn to proposing a model for a Reference Digital Mathematics Library--a network of institutions where the digital documents would be physically archived. This pattern based rather on the bottom-up strategy seems to be more practicable and consistent with the digital nature of the DML. After describing the model we summarise what can and should be done in order to accomplish the vision. The current state of some of the local libraries that could contribute to the global views are described with more details.
Zhang Fu jun
Full Text Available ????Nowadays, the construction and application of digital library leads a new era of the way people obtain knowledge and information, and promotes the academic exchanges and social progress. Digital library, however, also involves great risk, hacker attacks become the main threat of the information security of digital library, and may probably cause the loss and damage of the information resources in library. This article mainly introduces the advantages and the potential safety hazard of digital library, and then makes an analysis aiming at the information security of digital library, and finally puts forward an algorithm based on ElGamal encryption to protect library information encryptedly, and effectively guarantee the information security of digital library.
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the open access and open source movement in the digital library world. Design/methodology/approach: A review of key developments in the open access and open source movement is provided. Findings: Open source software and open access to research findings are of great use to scholars in developing
The content in IEEE Xplore comprises over 160 journals, over 1,200 conference proceedings, more than 3,800 technical standards, over 1,000 eBooks and over 300 educational courses. Approximately 25,000 new documents are added to IEEE Xplore each month.
Caffaro, Jerome; Kaplun, Samuele; Greynet, Grey Literature Network Service
Invenio is an integrated digital library system originally developed at CERN to run the CERN Document Server, currently one of the largest institutional repositories worldwide. It was started over 15 years ago and has been matured through many release cycles. Invenio is a GPL2 Open Source project based on an Apache/WSGI+Python+MySQL architecture. Its modular design enables it to serve a wide variety of usages, from a multimedia digital object repository, to a web journal, to a fully functiona...
Full Text Available Google Analytics has advanced features for tracking search queries, events such as clicking external links or downloading files, which you can use to track user behavior that is normally difficult to track with traditional web logging software. By tracking behavior, you can use Google Analytics API to extract data and integrate it with data from your digital repository to show granular data about individual items. Using this information, digital libraries can learn how users use the site without extensive HCI studies, and can use this information to improve the user experience.
Nelson, Michael L.
We describe the digital library (DL) for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the NACA Technical Report Server (NACATRS). The predecessor organization for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), NACA existed from 1915 until 1958. The primary manifestation of NACA's research was the NACA report series. We describe the process of converting this collection of reports to digital format and making it available on the World Wide Web (WWW) and is a node in the NASA Technical Report Server (NTRS). We describe the current state of the project, the resulting DL technology developed from the project, and the future plans for NACATRS.
Zhang Fu jun
????Nowadays, the construction and application of digital library leads a new era of the way people obtain knowledge and information, and promotes the academic exchanges and social progress. Digital library, however, also involves great risk, hacker attacks become the main threat of the information security of digital library, and may probably cause the loss and damage of the information resources in library. This article mainly introduces the advantages and the potential safety hazard of dig...
Joannah Caborn Wengler
Six librarians and IT engineers from Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Morocco are currently spending several weeks at CERN as a follow-up to the 5-day CERN-UNESCO Digital Libraries School held in Dakar, Senegal, last year. During their stay, they are honing their mastery of CERNs Invenio digital library management platform in order to put it to a variety of uses once they return home. From left to right: Essaid Ait Allal (Morocco), Guillaume Nikiema (Burkina Faso), Eric Guedegbe (Senegal), Fama Diagne Sene Ndiaye (Senegal), Abdrahamane Anne (Mali) and Jens VIGEN (CERN). Cécile Coulibaly (Ivory Coast), who was also taking part in the training programme, is not in the picture. We plan to use Invenio to build a portal for all African university dissertations to make them accessible to the global academic community. We need a system which can harvest data from various existing platforms, then convert the bibliographic records and make them...
Full Text Available Semantic search of cultural content is of major importance in current digital libraries, such as in Europeana. Content metadata constitute the main features of cultural items that are analysed, mapped and used to interpret users' queries, so that the most appropriate content is selected and presented to the users. Multimedia, especially visual, analysis, has not been a main component in these developments. This paper presents a new semantic search methodology, including a query answering mechanism which meets the semantics of users' queries and enriches the answers by exploiting appropriate visual features, both local and MPEG-7, through an interweaved knowledge and machine learning based approach. An experimental study is presented, using content from the Europeana digital library, and involving both thematic knowledge and extracted visual features from Europeana images, illustrating the improved performance of the proposed semantic search approach.
Full Text Available With the advancements of the Internet and the Digital Library Initiatives in the U.S.A., the research of digital library has been flourished around the world. Recently the increasing availability of networked access to multilingual text collections within such an environment has drawn much attention in the development of cross-language retrieval technology. This article is used to structure a comprehensive discussion of published research and known commercial practice in the western world on the topic. In addition to the focus on the characteristics of Chinese text collections, some brief observations of the potential for multilingual information retrieval are also discussed in details.[Article content in Chinese
Rahman, Fuad; Kumar, Aman; Tarnikova, Yuilya; Alam, Hassan
This paper introduces a document clustering method within a commercial document repository, FileShare (R). FileShare (R) is a commercial collaborative digital library offering facilities for sharing and accessing documents over a simple Internet browser (e.g. Microsoft (R) Internet Explorer (R), Netscape (R) or Opera (R)) within groups of people working on common projects. As the number of documents increases within a digital library, displaying these documents in this environment poses a huge challenge. This paper proposes a document clustering method that uses a modified version of the traditional K-Means algorithm to categorize documents by their themes using lexical chaining within the FileShare (R) repository. The proposed algorithm is unsupervised, and has shown very high accuracy in a typical experimental setup.
Gvianishvili, Giorgi; imko, Tibor; Caffaro, Jérôme; Marian, Ludmila; Kaplun, Samuele; Chan, Belinda; Rajman, Martin
The size of digital libraries is increasing, making navigation and access to information more challenging. Improving the system by observing the users activities can help at providing better services to users of very large digital libraries. In this paper we explain how the Invenio open-source software, used by the CERN Document Server (CDS) allows fine grained logging of user behavior. In the first phase, the sequence of actions performed by users of CDS is captured, while in the second phase statistical data is calculated offline. This paper explains these two steps and the results. Although the analyzed system focuses on the high energy physics literature, the process could be applicable to other scientific communities, with and international, large user base.
Based at Virginia Tech, one of the first universities to require students to develop and submit electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), the NDLTD works internationally to make student research more available to scholars, reduce the cost of submitting and maintaining manuscripts, and advance digital library technology more generally. At the homepage, users will find a number of resources and news items regarding these efforts. The project's digital library provides access to the full text (most in .pdf format) of a large number of ETDs via the list of University Nodes and related sites. Most of the linked sites allow users to both browse and search for dissertations. Users can also try a working prototype of a federated search engine that performs parallel queries across several dozen search sites provided by participants in the project. Please note that some ETDs are only available to campus users.
The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.
Sachin yele; Surendra Mishra,; Kamlesh Patidar,; Pankaj Dalal; Dr. Suresh Jain
Todays digital library is a massive collection of various types and categories of documents. The existing search engines do not provide subjective search from the collection, as no information about context is stored. The existing search engine mostly uses the agent based search then the database based search. The database search is simpler easier but static verses dynamic Web. The work shows how database become dynamic, subjective and search query becomes simpler. The subjective and conte...
Kalb, Hendrik; Lazaridou, Paraskevi
The interoperability of web archives and digital libraries is crucial to avoid silos of preserved data and content. While various researches focus on specfic facets of the challenge to interoperate, there is a lack of empirical work about the overall situation of actual challenges. We conduct a Delphi study to survey and reveal the insights of experts in the field. Results of our study are presented in this paper to enhance further research and development efforts for interoperability.
Ferna?ndez Wyttenbach, Alberto; Moya Honduvilla, Javier; A?lvarez, Mabel; Bernabe Poveda, Miguel Angel
The Internet is a powerful tool providing different online communication options on geographic approaches. In addition to searching, geoportals provide tools to visualize, explore and download information. Cartographic heritage contained in the Digital Map Libraries (DML) stands out as an exceptional case within the generic frame of a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). There are useful and basic similarities between the global reality of an SDI as a distributed geoportal and a DML; conformanc...
Born in San Juan, Lorenzo Homar is arguably Puerto Rico's greatest graphic artist. He passed away in 2004, and his career included his work with the Puerto Rican Arts Center (which he helped found), the House of Cartier, and a broad range of posters and drawings. This excellent digital collection from the Princeton University Library includes many of these works, including a sketchbook from his days in the U.S. Army, a host of caricatures, and over 90 posters.
Full Text Available Objectives ? To gain insight into the extent to which user information?seeking behaviours should inform the design and development of Digital Libraries in an academic setting, a study was carried out at Dalhousie University, Canada to explore the information?seeking behaviours of business students.Methods ? The students studied were drawn from the School of Business Administration at Dalhousie University, Canada. The study was based on qualitative and quantitative data collected through a survey, in?depth semi?structured interviews, observational study and document analysis. Qualitative case study data was coded using QSR N6 qualitative data analysis software. The data was categorized using Atkinsons Model of BusinessInformation Users Expectations and Renda and Straccias personalized collaborative DL model. Atkinsons model defines the expectations of business students in terms of cost, time,effort required, pleasure and the avoidance of pain. Renda and Straccias model of a personalized and collaborative digital library centres around three concepts: actors, objects, and functionality. The survey data was analysed using the Zoomerang software.Results ? The study results revealed that students tend to select resources based on cost(free or for fee, accessibility, ease of use, speed of delivery (of results, and convenience. The results showed that similar to Atkinsons findings, the business students information seeking behaviour is influenced by the concepts of cost?benefit and break?even analyses that underlie business education. Concerning speed of delivery and convenience, the organization of the resources was paramount. Students preferred user?defined resource lists, alert services, and expert?created business resource collections. When asked about the usefulness of potential digital library functionalities, students valued a personalized user interface and communal virtual spaces to share information and communicate in real?time with their peers.Conclusion ? This study reveals that when digital libraries are developed, user behaviours and needs should be taken into consideration. It demonstrates that the activity as well as the users orientation and motivation (here the business student training can directly influence the design and use of a digital tool. In other words, this study confirms a new typology of a business digital information user or use behaviour, one that requires the building of dedicated accredited library research systems. Providing information and information tools tailored to this specific audience is more likely to increase the appeal and use of an academic business digital library.
The rotating first image on this site sums it all up: whether visitors are treated to "The Girl I Loved Out in the Golden West," "The Cowboy Rag," or "Dreaming on the Silv'ry Rio Grande," all of the covers invoke the American west. This musical archive contains hundreds of pieces of music, which visitors can browse alphabetically. Those with a geographical bent may wish to look over pieces of music that feature the state of Colorado. This area is quite interesting, as it includes songs like 1913's "Good Old Denver Town" and 1916's rousing "The skies are blue in Colorado." Visitors can use the Search Sheet Music section to look for items of interest by keyword and date. The site also contains copious details on the digitization process, copyright information, and other sheet music sites. One other helpful section of this site is the Collection Descriptions area. Here visitors can learn more about the specific collections areas, which include those that bring together ragtime numbers and the Western Trails collection, featuring songs that address westward migration.
The article talks about developing a practical model for creating a digital library, which is still quite an experimental activity in Poland. Based on her teams experiences in creating the KPBC, the author discusses steps to project planning and completion, such as, defining project components, objectives, foundation, team management issues and criteria for team selection. Furthermore, the author deals with planning and supervision of work processes, provides an outline of reco...
Dee, Cheryl; Allen, Maryellen
Reference interactions with patrons in a digital library environment using digital reference services (DRS) has become widespread. However, such services in many libraries appear to be underutilized. A study surveying the ease and convenience of such services for patrons in over 100 academic health science library Web sites suggests that
Digital libraries play a crucial role in distance learning. Nowadays, they are one of the fundamental information sources for the students enrolled in this learning system. These libraries contain huge amount of instructional data (text, audio and video) offered by the distance learning program. Organization of the digital libraries is
The emerging trends in digital(ized) collection development from 1997 are examined using a sample of projects accessible through Web-based registries of the Association of Research Libraries and the Digital Library Federation. The analysis focuses on thematic repertoire, narrative structuring, underlying historiographic principles, presentation,
Gaunt, Marianne I.
The experience of Rutgers University Libraries illustrates the extensive planning, work effort, possibilities, and investment required to develop the digital library. Examines these key areas: organizational structure; staff development needs; facilities and the new digital infrastructure; metadata standards/interoperability; digital collection
Maly, Kurt; Nelson, Michael L.; Zubair, Mohammad
Discusses digital libraries, interoperability, and interfaces to access them, and proposes one universal protocol for communication for simple archives based on the hypertext transfer protocol (http). Describes the creation of a special class of digital objects called buckets, archives based on a NASA collection, and a set of digital library
Shamshuddin, S; Matthews, H R
Widespread adoption of digital imaging in clinical practice and for the image-based examinations of the Royal College of Radiologists has created a desire to provide a digital radiology teaching library in many hospital departments around the UK. This article describes our experience of using OsiriX software in developing digital radiology teaching libraries. PMID:24880758
Westbrook, R. Niccole; Watkins, Sean
As primary source materials in the library are digitized and made available online, the focus of related library services is shifting to include new and innovative methods of digital delivery via social media, digital storytelling, and community-based and consortial image repositories. Most images on the Web are not of sufficient quality for most
Carlos Oliva Marañón
Full Text Available The university digital libraries have experienced an improvement in recent years, allowing easy retrieval of information in different media. The objectives of this research are to verify the suitability of online catalogs to meet the information needs of teachers and students in the area of Library and Information by evaluating a sample of 23 University digital libraries, and raise the necessary improvements. The results verify the suitability of online catalogs to solve the information needs of teachers, researchers and students, being the University libraries of Barcelona, Granada and Sevilla the most relevant in the area of documentation, as well as the professionalism of librarians to heed the needs of users. Among other improvements, raised teacher education and students in using electronic resources and the creation of online help to improve user interfaces-Web in order to retrieve information quickly and efficiently.
Testi, Debora; Quadrani, Paolo; Viceconti, Marco
Every research laboratory has a wealth of biomedical data locked up, which, if shared with other experts, could dramatically improve biomedical and healthcare research. With the PhysiomeSpace service, it is now possible with a few clicks to share with selected users biomedical data in an easy, controlled and safe way. The digital library service is managed using a client-server approach. The client application is used to import, fuse and enrich the data information according to the PhysiomeSpace resource ontology and upload/download the data to the library. The server services are hosted on the Biomed Town community portal, where through a web interface, the user can complete the metadata curation and share and/or publish the data resources. A search service capitalizes on the domain ontology and on the enrichment of metadata for each resource, providing a powerful discovery environment. Once the users have found the data resources they are interested in, they can add them to their basket, following a metaphor popular in e-commerce web sites. When all the necessary resources have been selected, the user can download the basket contents into the client application. The digital library service is now in beta and open to the biomedical research community. PMID:20478910
Digital libraries (DLs) have received much attention from many institutions and countries in recent times. Discussions on the concept are concentrated in the advanced world. Contribution to the discussion on DLs from developing countries is very insignificant. The concept of DLs has been given different definitions. This is because professionals perceive it differently from their various professional viewpoints. Inadequate technological advancement is a problem in developing countries includi...
Pavlov, Radoslav; Paneva-marinova, Desislava
The current research activities of the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMIBAS) include the study and application of knowledge-based methods for the creation, integration and development of multimedia digital libraries with applications in cultural heritage. This report presents IMI-BASs developments at the digital library management systems and portals, i.e. the Bulgarian Iconographical Digital Library, the Bulgarian Folkl...
Podnar, Ivana; Luu, Toan; Rajman, Martin; Klemm, Fabius; Aberer, Karl
Peer-to-peer networks have been identified as promising architectural concepts for developing attractive search scenarios across digital library collections. Digital libraries typically offer sophisticated search over their local content, however, search methods involving a network of such stand-alone components are currently quite limited. We present an architecture for highly-efficient search over digital library collections based on structured P2P networks. As the standard single-term inde...
Deanna B Marcum
Our times digital information revolution makes being a librarian exciting. The Library of Congress, like others, is exploring new ways of using digital technology for both access and preservation. This work, and the excitement, will grow as the library completes moving its audiovisual resources into its new National Audiovisual Collection Center. The library hopes to share new developments and work with others in meeting the challenges of the digital information era.
This mixed qualitative/quantitative exploratory case study research is informed by a constructivist approach. Its aim is to identify user-based content selection criteria for the national digital library of Kosova. The study aimed at providing answers to two following objectives a) to explore expectations of experts and users about the content of a national digital library; b) to identify Library???s potential collaborative channels with other institutions within Kosova and abroad. Thes...
Full Text Available The University Map Library (UML at the University of Waterloo developed an onlinecollection of digitized and georeferenced aerial photography of the Kitchener-Waterlooarea from the 1930s and 1940s. Using GIS technology, the air photos were digitizedwith geographical coordinate tags for use in GIS software programs including onlinemapping applications such as Google Earth (GE. By creating and offeringdownloadable georeferenced images compatible with popular mapping tools, the airphotos have gained significant popularity and utilization by not only regular library usersbut by community groups, organizations and corporations who have never used libraryresources before. The integration of modern technology with traditional paper mappinghas proven to be both a method of preservation and a means of increasing and varyingutilization of the collection.
Georgina Araceli Torres Vargas
Full Text Available El servicio de referencia se muestra como uno de los servicios más importantes de la biblioteca digital. A grosso modo, se presenta en el artículo un bosquejo histórico del surgimiento del servicio, su concepto y sus características, así como la aparición de dicha práctica, pero ahora inmersa en un nuevo ambiente -el digital- y puntualizamos las características de este fenómeno.The reference service comes to light as one of the most important practices of the digital library. Essentially, the paper draws a historical sketch about the emergence of the service, its conceptualization and its characteristics, as well as the advent of this practice, but now immersed in a new environment_ the digital. We intend to show the characteristics of this phenomenon.
Georgina Araceli, Torres Vargas; María Del Rocío, Sánchez Avillaneda.
Full Text Available El servicio de referencia se muestra como uno de los servicios más importantes de la biblioteca digital. A grosso modo, se presenta en el artículo un bosquejo histórico del surgimiento del servicio, su concepto y sus características, así como la aparición de dicha práctica, pero ahora inmersa en un [...] nuevo ambiente -el digital- y puntualizamos las características de este fenómeno. Abstract in english The reference service comes to light as one of the most important practices of the digital library. Essentially, the paper draws a historical sketch about the emergence of the service, its conceptualization and its characteristics, as well as the advent of this practice, but now immersed in a new en [...] vironment_ the digital. We intend to show the characteristics of this phenomenon.
Luce, R. E. (Richard E.)
It is an honor to give the Lazerow lecture tonight and to discuss digital library developments from the perspective of working at a national laboratory. Tonight I would like to consider what lies ahead given the evolution in scientific research, how that impacts the development of digital libraries, and finally, look at some of the challenges ahead of us. I'm particularly interested in giving this talk tonight because it provides an opportunity to talk to those of you who are students. You represent the next generation of professionals who will to confront some of the challenges I will outline tonight, as well as those of you who are the mentors and teachers of the next generation. The two roles are pivotal in terms of the challenges on the horizon. Most of you are familiar with the information literacy challenges we face as a nation. As the library director of a national laboratory's science library, I am also acutely aware that we also have a real problem with the lack of scientific literacy within the general population in this country and it has a corresponding impact on decision-making in a technological society. Those of us engaged in supporting scientific research, or just generally interested, should be concerned about this fact because science and technology are at the foundation of our success as a nation in the 20th Century. For our nation to continue to be successful in the 21st Century, we will need to improve on the state of scientific literacy.
Maa, Ming-Hokng; Nelson, Michael L.; Esler, Sandra L.
Lyceum is a prototype scalable query gateway that provides a logically central interface to multi-protocol and physically distributed, digital libraries of scientific and technical information. Lyceum processes queries to multiple syntactically distinct search engines used by various distributed information servers from a single logically central interface without modification of the remote search engines. A working prototype (http://www.larc.nasa.gov/lyceum/) demonstrates the capabilities, potentials, and advantages of this type of meta-search engine by providing access to over 50 servers covering over 20 disciplines.
Barros, Elisabete Passos; Os??rio, Ant??nio Jos??; Ramos, Altina; Moreira, Carlos; Gon??alves, Lara
The textbook has been a privileged element for teachers, students and parents to support acquisition and construction of knowledge. However, in the information and knowledge society, we are witnessing the introduction, increasingly intense, of technology in the classroom, starting from the early years of schooling. Still worthy of being studied, the supply of digital educational content for primary education, is little known, especially with regard to the quality of existing resources and the...
Nelson, Michael L.; Argue, Brad; Efron, Miles; Denn, Sheila; Pattuelli, Maria Cristina
Many early web-based digital libraries (DLs) had implicit assumptions reflected in their architecture that the unit of focus in the DL (frequently "reports" or "e-prints") would only be manifested in a single, or at most a few, common file formats such as PDF or PostScript. DLs have now matured to the point where their contents are commonly no longer simple files. Complex objects in DLs have emerged from in response to various requirements, including: simple aggregation of formats and supporting files, bundling additional information to aid digital preservation, creating opaque digital objects for e-commerce applications, and the incorporation of dynamic services with the traditional data files. We examine a representative (but not necessarily exhaustive) number of current and recent historical web-based complex object technologies and projects that are applicable to DLs: Aurora, Buckets, ComMentor, Cryptolopes, Digibox, Document Management Alliance, FEDORA, Kahn-Wilensky Framework Digital Objects, Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard, Multivalent Documents, Open eBooks, VERS Encapsulated Objects, and the Warwick Framework.
Increase your knowledge of the digital technology that is essential for art librarianship today! Digital Images and Art Libraries in the Twenty-First Century is your key to cutting-edge discourse on digital image databases and art libraries. Just as early photographers tried to capture the world to make it accessible, now information professionals in art libraries and art museums are creating and sharing digital collections to make them broadly accessible. This collection shares the experience and insight of art information managers who have taken advantage of digital technology to exp
Murilo Bastos da, Cunha.
Full Text Available Bibliografia internacional anotada sobre as principais fontes de informação lançadas a partir de 2000, relacionadas à biblioteca digital. Os tópicos cobertos são as bibliografias mais recentes, os livros e manuais, os periódicos especializados, os eventos específicos, as listas de discussão, os grup [...] os e centros de pesquisa, os cursos e treinamentos e as principais organizações. Abstract in english International annotated bibliography about the major information sources related to digital library. The topics covered are: most recent bibliographies, books and manuals, specialized journals, specialized conferences, discussion lists, research groups and centers, training courses and major organiz [...] ations.
Niepold, F.; McCaffrey, M.; Morrill, C.; Ganse, J.; Weston, T.
The Polar Regions play an integral role in how our Earth system operates. However, the Polar Regions are marginally studied in the K-12 classroom in the United States. The International Polar Year's (IPY) coordinated campaign of polar observations, research, and analysis that will be multidisciplinary in scope and international in participation offers a powerful opportunity for K-12 classroom. The IPY's scientific objective to better understand the key roles of the Polar Regions in global processes will allow students a window into the poles and this unique regions role in the Earth system. IPY will produce careful, useful scientific information that will advance our understanding of the Polar Regions and their connections to the rest of the globe. The IPY is an opportunity to inspire the next generation of very young Earth system scientists. The IPY's draft education & outreach position paper asks a key question that must guide future educational projects; "Why is the polar regions and polar research important to all people on earth?" In efforts to coordinate educational activities and collaborate with international projects, United States national agencies, and other educational initiatives, it is the purpose of this session to explore potential partnerships, while primarily recommending a model for educational product development and review. During such a large international science endeavor, numerous educational activities and opportunities are developed, but these educational programs can suffer from too many unconnected options being available to teachers and students. Additionally, activities often are incompatible with each other making classroom implementation unnecessarily complex and prohibitively time consuming for teachers. A newly develop educational activity collection technique developed for DLESE offers an effective model for IPY product gap analysis and development. The Climate Change Collection developed as a pilot project for the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE Climate Change Collection, NSF Award Number 0435645) is a high-quality, annotated thematic collection of 40 seminal digital resources that were identified and annotated by a review team of science experts and educators, who examined digital resources for scientific accuracy, currency and usefulness to science educators. An experiment in digital science education collection development, the effort brought together a community of experts through an interdisciplinary review board supported by an extended network of climate scientists and educational researchers, developers, and practitioners. This work produced and refined a protocol for collection building that can be transferred to the IPY education effort. Time will be given to discussions and potential collaborations.
Hollmann, J.; ArdØ, Anders
Today independent publishers are offering digital libraries with fulltext archives. In an attempt to provide a single user-interface to a large set of archives, the studied Article-Database-Service offers a consolidated interface to a geographically distributed set of archives. While this approach offers a tremendous functional advantage to a user, the fulltext download delays caused by the network and queuing in servers make the user-perceived interactive performance poor. This paper studies how effective caching of articles at the client level can be achieved as well as at intermediate points as manifested by gateways that implement the interfaces to the many fulltext archives. A central research question in this approach is: What is the nature of locality in the user access stream to such a digital library? Based on access logs that drive the simulations, it is shown that client-side caching can result in a 20% hit rate. Even at the gateway level temporal locality is observable, but published replacement algorithms are unable to exploit this temporal locality. Additionally, spatial locality can be exploited by considering loading into cache all articles in an issue, volume, or journal, if a single article is accessed. But our experiments showed that improvement introduced a lot of overhead. Finally, it is shown that the reason for this cache behavior is the long time distance between re-accesses, which makes caching quite unfeasible.
Kaplan, Nancy R.; Nelson, Michael L.
We attempt to assess the publication impact of a digital library (DL) of aerospace scientific and technical information (STI). The Langley Technical Report Server (LTRS) is a digital library of over 1,400 electronic publications authored by NASA Langley Research Center personnel or contractors and has been available in its current World Wide Web (WWW) form since 1994. In this study, we examine calendar year 1997 usage statistics of LTRS and the Center for AeroSpace Information (CASI), a facility that archives and distributes hard copies of NASA and aerospace information. We also perform a citation analysis on some of the top publications distributed by LTRS. We find that although LTRS distributes over 71,000 copies of publications (compared with an estimated 24,000 copies from CASI), citation analysis indicates that LTRS has almost no measurable publication impact. We discuss the caveats of our investigation, speculate on possible different models of usage facilitated by DLs , and suggest retrieval analysis as a complementary metric to citation analysis. While our investigation failed to establish a relationship between LTRS and increased citations and raises at least as many questions as it answers, we hope it will serve as a invitation to, and guide for, further research in the use of DLs.
This paper outlines the recent history of the Benedictine College Library and traces the development of the librarys digital collections since 2006. The librarians have worked to provide an integrated search solution through the EBSCO Discovery Service and streamline off-campus access through EZPROXY. As the librarys electronic resources have grown, we have continued to support its historic core collection in the humanities as well as some unique and eclectic special collections. A rang...
Full Text Available The last decade transformed faceted navigation from a nice-to-have into a must-have functionality for all online web services that contain a search function. The movement has been started by commercial websites, such as online clothing stores, with the purpose of facilitating access to the products.Now, faceted search seems to be more and more well-known within the community of information institutions and their digital services, too, as for example the online catalogue ofthe Library of Congress or Europeana show. In this context, as well, the feature is often sold as an added value to access the content of their sites in a more effective way. Still, experience shows that the use of faceted navigation in a digital library context is more complex than for online clothing stores. For this reason, it is important to focus on the usability of such functionalities and to test it as often as possible during implementation and regular use, as well. Site providers have to be aware of one important fact: a faceted search that has not been implemented correctly or does not work in the way the user expects it, will create frustration and/or not be used at all. This implies in a worst case scenario that users dont come back to the site anymore, and may even spread their negative experience among the community. To prevent this, usability tests, either with experts or real users, should be conducted regularly.This can be done with common usability tests, using direct human interaction with a system, or with online tests, where test user are free to fill in the test whenever they want. In both cases, test results illuminate a systems weaknesses and expose dysfunctional issues, which should be improved in order to offer a positive experience to its users.For more than five years, the project ACCEPT, a subproject of a Swiss national project called e-lib.ch, analyzes the usability and usefulness of digital libraries, by using user oriented methods. Experience has shown that filters provided through faceted navigation are considered as positive and very useful by end users. Nevertheless, based on different test results, several returning mistakes have been detected and it turns out that there are some unwritten standards concerning e.g. position, labelling or ranking which should be respected to fulfil the aim of a good usability which users do expect of such web services. In this poster we will first give an introduction to faceted navigation, actual design issues and their use in digital libraries and then present testing methods, which can be easily applied in a digital library context. Together with a list of best practices concerning faceted navigation drawn out of different test experiences, the paper should give the reader all important information to evaluate its current faceted navigation and see where improvements could be made.
This article explores preservation of digital material in a library context with a focus on logical object modelling that takes both preservation and dissemination into account. The article describes normalisation of data expressed via a logical object model. This logical object model is designed to support the requirements for joint preservation and dissemination. Additionally the article includes a suggestion for a possible implementation that respects the logical object model. Formulation, of the requirements and possible implementation for a logical object model, is based on observation of current trends, as well as results from a research project on preservation strategies for libraries. The research project has been carried out at the Royal Library of Denmark, and it is based on a case study of a 10 year old web application containing the Archive of Danish Literature. The formulated requirements include e.g. requirements for many-to-many migration in preservation and requirements for homogenous navigation and social networking in dissemination. Many of the described observations and results have parallels to other types of material. These parallels are partly described, and thus the results can be used as a contribution to development of systems and strategies for preservation and dissemination in the new decade and beyond.
Anuradha Verma; Anoop Singh
Transition in the learning habits and trends of students is evident from the traditional text based to the current dynamic modes like world-wide web, CAI and simulation. Webinar as a learning technology offers a platform to overcome the gap in this digital divide and help the students get acquainted with the latest. A case describing the use of webinar by Infosys helps the reader comprehend the digital collaboration webinar offers discussing its shortcomings and benefits.
Brenneise, Harvey R.
The Michigan Community Health Electronic Library (MCHEL) serves the public health and other community health workers in Michigan. It is committed to desktop delivery of the best health information to its primary clientele, with as much as possible in digital full-text form. It collaborates with other libraries in the state to make this possible.
Ross, Lyman; Sennyey, Pongracz
As a direct consequence of the digital revolution, academic libraries today face competition as information providers. Using Richard N. Foster's technology S curves as the analytical model, this article shows that academic libraries are in the midst of discontinuous change by questioning a number of assumptions that support the current practice of
Griffin, Stephen M.
Discusses the National Science Foundation (NSF)/United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)/National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) Research in Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI). Highlights include benefits of digital libraries; the Federal High Performance Computing and Communications Program (HPCC); and program
Kirov, Kiril; Kirov, Nikolay
We present a full text search engine in a digital library of Bulgarian folklore songs - in the lyrics and scores of the songs. The deployment of the digital library on the cloud as well as the technical requirements for providing our data to Europeana are discussed.
Full Text Available This paper explores the digital library and the organization of ancient books. The author first discusses the digitization and organization of ancient books collected in the libraries, and then analyzes the problems encountered in this process. In conclusion, possible future developments are discussed.[Article content in Chinese
Full Text Available tl;dr Libraries and digital humanities have the same goals. Stop asking if the library has a role, or what it is, and start getting involved in digital projects that are already happening. Advocate for new expanded roles and responsibilities to be able to do this. Become producers/creators in collaboration with scholars rather than servants [...
Marshall, Byron B.; Chen, Hsinchun; Shen, Rao; Fox, Edward A.
The GetSmart system was built to support theoretically sound learning processes in a digital library environment by integrating course management, digital library, and concept mapping components to support a constructivist, six-step, information search process. In the fall of 2002 more than 100 students created 1400 concept maps as part of
tl;dr Libraries and digital humanities have the same goals. Stop asking if the library has a role, or what it is, and start getting involved in digital projects that are already happening. Advocate for new expanded roles and responsibilities to be able to do this. Become producers/creators in collaboration with scholars rather than servants [...
Bartoek, M.; Rákosník, Ji?í
Ro?. 60, ?. 8 (2013), s. 1028-1033. ISSN 0002-9920 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : Czech Digital Mathematics Library * DML-CZ * digital libraries Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://www.ams.org/notices/201308/rnoti-p1028.pdf
Liu, Ziming; Luo, Lili
This study explores the extent to which undergraduate and graduate students in China differ in their digital library use. Unlike the factors promoting digital library use, non-use factors, perceived influences, and degree of satisfaction are quite different between undergraduate and graduate students due to their differing emphases and
Construcción de un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales dentro del proyecto de Biblioteca Digital Colombiana / Development of a virtual course on digital libraries as part of the Project of the Colombian Digital Library
Blessed, Ballesteros; Wilson, Castaño Muñoz; Alejandro, Uribe Tirado.
Full Text Available En el marco del desarrollo del proyecto de investigación aplicada ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana-BDCOL'' uno de sus objetivos fue establecer una base común de conocimientos que permitiera a la mayor cantidad de instituciones participar en el proyecto e iniciar la construcción de sus [...] repositorios digitales. Al consultar a la comunidad académica y bibliotecológica de las principales universidades del país, se evidenciaron las diferencias de conocimiento respecto a la temática de las bibliotecas y repositorios digitales, por lo que decidió crear y ofrecer un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales a instituciones miembros de la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA. Este artículo presenta: a) el contexto proporcionado por el Proyecto Biblioteca Digital Colombiana; b) la metodología de diseño instruccional del curso; c) la estructura de contenidos y las estrategias pedagógicas establecidas; d) la divulgación, selección de los participantes; e) la evaluación y las conclusiones del curso y las recomendaciones para hacer ajustes relacionadas con el tiempo necesario para completar el curso; y por último, f) la gestión de información y del conocimiento. Con este curso se posibilitó la generación de una base de conocimiento común entre las instituciones vinculadas al proyecto BDCOL y constituye un referente sobre esta temática para la formaciónautoformación en otros momentos y contextos. Abstract in english In the development of the applied research project ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana- BDCOL'' (''Creation of the Colombian Digital Library''), one of the objectives was to establish a common ground of knowledge that would allow the biggest number of institutions to participate in the pr [...] oject and begin to build their own digital repositories. When academic and librarian communities in the main universities of the country were consulted, the differences as to the knowledge about digital libraries and repositories became evident. For this reason, it was decided to create and offer a virtual course on digital libraries to institutions member of the Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA (National Network of Advanced Technology). This paper presents a) the context given by the BDCOL; b) the course's methodology of instructional design; c) its structure of contents and the pedagogical strategies established; d) the diffusion of the program and selection of participants; e) the course's evaluation, conclusion, and recommendations -specially concerning the time needed to complete the course, and, finally, f) the information and knowledge management. This course was successful in making possible to generate a ground of common knowledge for the institutions associated to the BDCOL project and setting a precedent in this area for education and self-education, applicable to other moments and contexts.
Joannah Caborn Wengler
The third in the series of CERN-UNESCO African Schools on Digital Libraries took place in Dakar, Senegal, in November last year. The School represents an important opportunity for CERN to contribute to a global exchange of knowledge, skills and culture. Ludmila Marian assisting participants during a hands-on computer session. More photographs available here. After Rwanda and Morocco, this time it was Senegal's turn to host the Digital Library School, the third of its kind, held from 21 to 25 November 2011. Participants from seven African French-speaking countries met at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar to learn about digital libraries and the importance of new technologies in the dissemination of knowledge by libraries. The School outlined the principles of digital information management and showcased the Invenio software, developed by CERN to manage digital libraries and freely available as Open Source software. The series of Schools, which combine in...
Full Text Available The aim of this article is to give explanatory information concerning the Digital Music Library which is situated at the Selcuk University Central Library. The information provided includes development and future goals of the mentioned library together with gained experience throughout the time. Some condensed user information has been supplied too.
This article considers the factors which mark the present as a turning point for education for librarianship, and recommends goals for future library education. Methods for implementing these goals and the role of the Association of American Library Schools in this implementation are suggested. (Author/KP)
Griffin, Matthew A.; Dan Albertson; Barber, Angela B.
A prototype Digital Video Library was developed as part of a project to assist rural primary care clinics with diagnosis of autism, funded by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine. The Digital Video Library takes play sample videos generated by a rural clinic and makes it available to experts at the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) Clinic at The University of Alabama. The experts are able to annotate segments of the video using an integrated version of the Childhood Autism Ratings Sc...
The Z. Aranne Central Education Library of Hebrew University (Israel) has two functions: it is an academic library and a national library on education. As a university library, it serves the students and faculty of the School of Education, as well as students of other faculties of the Hebrew University. The Education Library plays the role of a
Students are coming to school with more and more exposure to digital tools, such as smartphones, tablets, and social networking apps (Rideout, Foehr, and Roberts 2010). Though teachers are trying to "catch up" with their students, many were not provided instruction in these skills during their preservice training, and technology is only one among
The purpose of this paper is to propose the use of models, theories and laws in bibliometrics and scientometrics to enhance information retrieval processes, especially ranking. A common pattern in many man-made data sets is Lotka's Law which follows the well-known power-law distributions. These informetric distributions can be used to give an alternative order to large and scattered result sets and can be applied as a new ranking mechanism. The polyrepresentation of information in Digital Library systems is used to enhance the retrieval quality, to overcome the drawbacks of the typical term-based ranking approaches and to enable users to explore retrieved document sets from a different perspective.
Invenio is an open source web-based application that implements a digital library or document server, and it's used at CERN as the base of the CERN Document Server Institutional Repository and the Inspire High Energy Physics Subject Repository. The purpose of this work was to reimplement the administrative interface of the search engine in Invenio, using new and proved open source technologies, to simplify the code base and lay the foundations for the work that it will be done in porting the rest of the administrative interfaces to use these newer technologies. In my time as a CERN openlab summer student I was able to implement some of the features for the WebSearch Admin Interfaces, enhance some of the existing code with new features and find solutions to technical challenges that will be common when porting the other administrative interfaces modules.
The Photodigitization Project, an initiative of the Western History/ Genealogy Department of the Denver Public Library, catalogs, archives, and provides public access to an extensive collection of digitized photographs. Recently, the DPL made this database of images available on the Internet. Currently, the database contains more than 50,000 high-resolution images documenting the history of Colorado and the American West. The DPL intends to have over 95,000 images in the database by the year 2000. Users may browse the collection in the Gallery section or search the database via a sophisticated interface. The Search page allows Boolean and wildcard searches and provides options to save, manage, and email search results.
Within this paper, philosophy of the knowledge sharing, vision of the network, and how it can give benefits to Indonesia are described. The status of the network is described that show the successfulness of the architecture in tying together partner's knowledge from all big islands of Indonesia (Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya) whether they have dedicated internet connection or only a dial-up one. Currently 13 institutions have joined the network and 15+ in progress of developing their servers. Features of the software, Ganesha Digital Library (GDL version 3.1) are presented, that is now distributed as a Free-Software that is based on My SQL, PHP, and Apache
Lor, Peter Johan
Purpose To determine whether repository libraries in developed countries have a role to play in the preservation of the digital resources of developing countries. Design/methodology/approach Literature-based conceptual analysis of: categories of digital resources produced in developing countries; capacity of African institutions and stakeholders to preserve African digital resources; and issues and challenges to be faced by repository libraries in preserving these resources. Findings ...
Payette, Sandra; Staples, Thornton
The University of Virginia received a grant of $1,000,000 from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to enable the Library, in collaboration with Cornell University, to build a digital object repository system based on the Flexible Extensible Digital Object and Repository Architecture (Fedora). The new system demonstrates how distributed digital library architecture can be deployed using web-based technologies, including XML and Web services. The new system is designed to be a fou...
Full Text Available This paper considers the role of the public library as a community hub, engagement space, and entrepreneurial incubator in the context of the city, city governance, and local government planning. It considers this role from the perspective of library experts and their future visions for libraries in a networked knowledge economy. Public libraries (often operated by or on behalf of local governments potentially play a pivotal role for local governments in positioning communities within the global digital network. Fourteen qualitative interviews with library experts informed the study which investigates how the relationship between digital technology and the physical library space can potentially support the community to develop innovative, collaborative environments for transitioning to a digital future. The study found that libraries can capitalise on their position as community hubs for two purposes: first, to build vibrant community networks and forge economic links across urban localities; and second, to cross the digital divide and act as places of innovation and lifelong learning. Libraries provide a specific combination of community and technology spaces and have significant tangible connection points in the digital age. The paper further discusses the potential benefits for libraries in using ICT networks and infrastructure, such as the National Broadband Network in Australia. These networks could facilitate greater use of library assets and community knowledge, which, in turn, could assist knowledge economies and regional prosperity.
Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie
As academic library functions and activities continue to evolve, libraries have broadened the traditional library model, which focuses on management of physical resources and activities, to include a digital library model, transforming resources and services into digital formats to support teaching, learning, and research. This transition has
Foundation Center, 2011
This publication is only available as a downloadable file. See who's giving and getting grants in your field. Strengthen your search for funds with the Foundation Center's digital edition of "Grants for Higher Education." This new "Grant Guide" reveals the scope of current foundation giving in the field. You'll find descriptions of 19,705 grants
This paper is a theoretical and analytical account of a digital video-editing project with student teachers. The work was part of a wider study known as "Creative Teachers for Creative Learners," and investigated how creativity could be integrated within existing structures and courses of initial teacher education. The paper draws on notions of
Spagnolo, Giuseppe Schirripa; Martocchia, Andrea; Papalillo, Donato; Cozzella, Lorenzo
In this study, an educational tool has been prepared for obtaining short-term and more economic training on digital speckle shearography (DSS). Shearography non-destructive testing (NDT) has gained wide acceptance over the last decade, providing a number of important and exciting inspection solutions in aerospace, electronics and medical device
Mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets offer applications (apps) that make digital movement analysis simple and efficient in physical education. Highly sophisticated movement analysis software has been available for many years but has mainly appealed to coaches of elite athletes and biomechanists. Apps on mobile devices are less expensive
Full Text Available Cabrio, the Aquabrowser implementation at the Bruges Public Library, is more than a catalogue makeover. Rich, variable, flashy and truly inspirational, its open structure tackles several strategic issues related to a changing network environment. Digital collections are merged with the catalogue to become part of a hybrid library mediation model. Cabrio focuses on local dynamics and existing participation, which are key features of public libraries, in order to challenge and redefine library perceptions and services.
In these modern times, every university and college generates thousands of photographs documenting a wide range of cultural, educational, and social activities. The University of Iowa has produced an amazing array of dramatic and pensive images over the past few years and this digital archive brings many of them together in one archive. Visitors can browse the collection via several dozen topical headings, including Admissions, Campus, and Government Relations. The viewbook photographs are quite arresting, as they profile portraits of prominent people, ranging from basketball players to employees of different units on campus. As a whole, it's a fine portrait of a Big Ten university of great repute. [KMG
Yanedi Abreu Bartomeo
Full Text Available El presente trabajo recopila los antecedentes de las bibliotecas, hasta llegar a las bibliotecas en línea. Se realiza una breve comparación entre los diferentes tipos de bibliotecas existentes. Se describe la biblioteca digital personalizable, la cual permite la socialización del conocimiento, ideal para ser utilizada en las universidades. Se refieren sus principales características y la posibilidad de ser utilizada como complemento de las bibliotecas físicas con las que cuentan las universidades.This work compiles the history of libraries, reaching to libraries online. A brief comparison between different types of libraries. Describes the customizable digital library which allows socialization of knowledge, ideal for universities use. Regards its main features and the possibility of being used as a complement to physical libraries at their disposal universities.
Yanedi, Abreu Bartomeo; Luis, Domínguez Cruz; Maikel Manuel, Fernández Fernández.
Full Text Available El presente trabajo recopila los antecedentes de las bibliotecas, hasta llegar a las bibliotecas en línea. Se realiza una breve comparación entre los diferentes tipos de bibliotecas existentes. Se describe la biblioteca digital personalizable, la cual permite la socialización del conocimiento, ideal [...] para ser utilizada en las universidades. Se refieren sus principales características y la posibilidad de ser utilizada como complemento de las bibliotecas físicas con las que cuentan las universidades. Abstract in english This work compiles the history of libraries, reaching to libraries online. A brief comparison between different types of libraries. Describes the customizable digital library which allows socialization of knowledge, ideal for universities use. Regards its main features and the possibility of being u [...] sed as a complement to physical libraries at their disposal universities.
Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis
Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30 and the other of Variations2 (n=12. Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.
Matthew A. Griffin
Full Text Available A prototype Digital Video Library was developed as part of a project to assist rural primary care clinics with diagnosis of autism, funded by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine. The Digital Video Library takes play sample videos generated by a rural clinic and makes it available to experts at the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD Clinic at The University of Alabama. The experts are able to annotate segments of the video using an integrated version of the Childhood Autism Ratings Scale-Second Edition Standard Version (CARS2. The Digital Video Library then extracts the annotated segments, and provides a robust search and browse feature. The videos can then be accessed by the subject's primary care physician. This article summarizes the development and features of the Digital Video Library.
Triantafyllou, Ioannis; Koulouris, Alexandros; Zervos, Spiros; Dendrinos, Markos; Giannakopoulos, Georgios
Applications of clustering and classification techniques can be proved very significant in both digital and physical (paper-based) libraries. The most essential application, document classification and clustering, is crucial for the content that is produced and maintained in digital libraries, repositories, databases, social media, blogs etc., based on various tags and ontology elements, transcending the traditional library-oriented classification schemes. Other applications with very useful and beneficial role in the new digital library environment involve document routing, summarization and query expansion. Paper-based libraries can benefit as well since classification combined with advanced material characterization techniques such as FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed spectroscopy) can be vital for the study and prevention of material deterioration. An improved two-level self-organizing clustering architecture is proposed in order to enhance the discrimination capacity of the learning space, prior to classification, yielding promising results when applied to the above mentioned library tasks.
Zulia Ramírez Céspedes
Full Text Available Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad.The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. The proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.
Zulia, Ramírez Céspedes.
Full Text Available Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para [...] evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad. Abstract in english The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. Th [...] e proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.
Finnemann, Niels Ole
The paper argues that digital media have a disruptive potential, but path dependency is often a modifying component in the historical development. This is demonstrated in different stages of the development of the interrelationship between digitization, digital media and research libraries. Today the historical dynamic has reached a point where all institutions concerned with knowledge handling will have to redefine themselves. Research libraries are gradually incorporated into a number of new research infrastructures which are being built around different kinds of data materials, and each research library may specialize according to some sort of coordinated criteria.
Full Text Available The proliferation of digital libraries (DL in the twenty-first century has revolutionized the way information is generated and disseminated. This has led to various practical and research models of DLs. This paper discusses the concept and development of digital libraries, and examines various components and characteristics of DLs. It further identifies various models and theories of digital libraries with a special focus on the DELOS Reference Model and 5S Theory. The relationship between the two focused frameworks is analyzed for better understanding of their application in the DL universe.
Zeinab Sedighi; Abbas Gilvari; Fatemeh Nooshinfard
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the user interfaces of the most important world`s children digital libraries and consider their conformity with the experts' opinions. This is done with the aim of proposing a set of unique and applicable criteria for Iranian children digital libraries that was not provided by the previous studies. The data for this study were collected by a check list for each of 6 world's most famous children digital libraries. This study applied survey as its met...
GrØnbæk, Kaj; Hansen, Klaus Marius
This paper introduces a novel approach to supporting digital library users in organising and annotating material. We have extended the concept of open hypermedia by introducing typed links, which support: addition of (user-defined) semantics to hypertexts, user navigation, and machine supported analysis and synthesis of hypermedia structures. The Webvise open hypermedia system is integrated with the World Wide Web, and has been augmented with a type system. We illustrate the potential use in the context of digital libraries with a scenario of teachers jointly preparing a course based on digital library material.
What library/information science education offerings are relevant to preparing graduates for careers in the special library sector? The strengths and weaknesses of education for special librarianship; the match between SLA's competencies statement and what is being taught in LIS master's degree programs; and the role of SLA in continuing education
Phillips, Linda L.
The University of Tennessee Libraries launched its digital imprint, Newfound Press, in 2005 to develop a framework for making peer reviewed scholarly and specialized works available worldwide. Building on local digitization investments, Newfound Press has published two monographs, hosts a born?digital journal, and is experimenting with publishing conference proceedings as digital multimedia. Through Newfound Press, the University of Tennessee is promoting open access publishing while res...
This book reviews the quality and evolution of academic library services. It revises service trends offered by academic libraries and the challenge of enhancing traditional ones such as: catalogues, repositories and digital collections, learning resources centres, virtual reference services, information literacy and 2.0 tools.studies the role of the university library in the new educational environment of higher educationrethinks libraries in academic contextredefines roles for academic libraries
The collections at the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library at Yale are rather extensive, and they have recently made a selection of their holdings available online for general consideration. This particular website includes three digital collections, including the Peter Parker Collection, a collection of portrait engravings and a biography of Harvey Cushing, a noted doctor and medical innovator. The Peter Parker Collection is rather intriguing as it is a collection of 83 mid-19th century oil paintings executed by Lam Qua. The subject matter is one to note as well, as they are all of Chinese patients with tumors who were under the care and supervision of the Yale-trained medical missionary Peter Parker. The collection of portraits is equally compelling, as it includes hundreds of images of such people as John James Audubon and Andreas Vesalius. [KMG
Ogunsheye, F. A.
A survey of the library profession and its available training facilities in Africa supplied data that should be considered in planning further library development. Prior to 1950, African countries relied for their library personnel on Britain, France, or Belgium, where librarianship is not necessarily a graduate profession. Later, some local
This study examines the influence of culture on digital libraries of the first wave. The local cultures of innovation of five European national libraries (Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library) are reconstructed in case histories from
Deloitte Haskins & Sells Associates, Edmonton (Alberta).
The report provides an overview of the findings, analysis, and conclusions of the external evaluation of the effectiveness of Alberta Education Library Services conducted between September 1985 and March 1986 under the guidance of the Library Services Evaluation Steering Committee (Phase 2 of the evaluation and planning process initiated in 1985
Barron, Daniel D.
Traces the development of distance education and compares similarities with the same evolution in library and information science education (LISE). Topics include correspondence and extension in LISE; telecommunications; audioconferencing; videoconferencing; current uses of technology and distance education in LISE; and non-ALA (American Library
In this study, an educational tool has been prepared for obtaining short-term and more economic training on digital speckle shearography (DSS). Shearography non-destructive testing (NDT) has gained wide acceptance over the last decade, providing a number of important and exciting inspection solutions in aerospace, electronics and medical device manufacturing. For exploring these motivations, it is important to develop didactic tools to understand the potential of digital shearography through training and didactic courses in the field of NDT. In this paper we describe a simple tool for making one familiar with the potential of DSS in the area of education and training. The system is realized with a simple and economic optical setup and a virtual instrument based on the LabVIEW and DAQ. (paper)
Koopman, P; Vervoorn, J M
A significant percentage of today's teaching staff received their professional training before the revolution in information and communication technology took place. Students, by contrast, are so-called 'digital natives': they grew up surrounded by digital technology. Present day students are used to multi-tasking and expect to be facilitated in using educationalfacilities regardless of time and place. Adapting higher education to present day students' study behaviour and expectations requires reconsideration of educationalform and methods. Several types of staff can be distinguished in their attitude towards technological innovation in education. Among them are staff who are reluctant in accepting innovations. Dental schools face the challenge of finding supportfor innovations with all their teaching staff and to better adapt to the twenty-first century student. In order to introduce technological innovations successfully, students need to become involved and sufficient attention must be paid to qualifying instructors. PMID:22812266
Canévet, Olivier; Marian, Ludmila; Chonavel, Thierry
In the frame of research in particle physics, CERN has been developing its own web-based software /Invenio/ to run the digital library of all the documents related to CERN and fundamental physics. The documents (articles, photos, news, thesis, ...) can be retrieved through a search engine. The results matching the query of the user can be displayed in several ways: sorted by latest first, author, title and also ranked by word similarity. The purpose of this project is to study and implement a new ranking method in Invenio: distributed-ranking (D-Rank). This method aims at aggregating several ranking scores coming from different ranking methods into a new score. In addition to query-related scores such as word similarity, the goal of the work is to take into account non-query-related scores such as citations, journal impact factor and in particular scores related to the document access frequency in the database. The idea is that for two equally query-relevant documents, if one has been more downloaded for inst...
Raae, L C
The next-generation High Energy Physics information system, INSPIRE, is being built by combining the content from the successful SPIRES database of bibliographic information with the CDS Invenio software being developed at CERN, an open-source platform for large digital library systems. The project is a collaboration between four major particle physics laboratories in Europe and the U.S. New tools are being developed to enable the global cooperation between catalogers at these labs. The BibEdit module will provide a central interface for the editing, enrichment, correction and verification of a record on its way into the system, by processing and presenting data from several supporting modules to the cataloger. The objective is to minimize the time and actions needed by the cataloger to process the record. To create a fast and powerful web application we make use of modern AJAX technology to create a dynamic and responsive user interface, where server communication happens in the background without delaying t...
BELIEF (Bringing Europes eLectronic Infrastructures to Expanding Frontiers) Project aim to create a platform where eInfrastructures providers and users can collaborate and exchange knowledge, which will help ensure that eInfrastructures are developed and used effectively worldwide, filling the gap separating the Research Infrastructure providers from the users, and thus contribute to the emergence of a competitive knowledge-based economy. To create this synergy of multi-disciplinary Research Infrastructure communities, BELIEF created a one-stop-shop for eInfrastructures communities providing online a Digital Library (DL) and a Portal with a search and contact facility, case studies, a discussion forum, eInfrastructures publications. Offline, it has organised events including brainstorming, networking workshops and international conferences and publications, since BELIEFs values are firmly rooted in international cooperation to the emerging economies, particularly of Latin America and India. The Portal and the DL are key parts of this project. There was an opportunity to provide a ready and common source of information on eInfrastructures, both for the users wanting to find out the supply, and for the providers wanting to extend user base and develop their systems. The Portal and the DL respond to this demand by supplying to researchers documentation that matches their search criteria precisely, according to their interest and professional profile. (Author)professional profile. (Author)
Robinson, Judas; de Lusignan, Simon; Kostkova, Patty; Madge, Bruce
The Metathesaurus of the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) offers the possibility of mapping between various medical vocabularies. The Primary Care Electronic Library (PCEL) contains a database of over six thousand Medical Subject Headings (MeSH terms) describing the resources of the electronic library. We were interested to know if it was possible to map from MeSH to the Systemized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT). Such a mapping would aid healthcare professionals to retrieve relevant data from our digital library as it would enable links between clinical systems and indexed material. PMID:17095807
Ioannidis, Yannis; Manghi, Paolo; Pagano, Pasquale
The implementation of nowadays Digital Libraries is more demanding than in the past. Information consumers are facing with the need to access ever growing, heterogeneous, possibly federated Information Spaces while information providers are interested in satisfying such needs by sharing rich and organised views over their information deluge. Because of their fundamental role of information production and dissemination vehicle, Digital Libraries are also expected to provide information society...
Zoran Constantinescu , Monica Vladoiu
Full Text Available In this paper we present our work on bilingual subject-based information retrieval in a real world digital library, called NECLIB2, which complements a classic open shelf library that includes around 50,000 materials (many of them being very rare that are books and e-books, periodicals, audio and video CDs and DVDs, video tapes, scanned microfiche etc., and more than 18,000 items are audio recordings with classical music (in course of digitization.
Advances in peer-to-peer overlay networks and Semantic Web technology will have a substantial influence on the design and implementation of future digital libraries. However, it remains unclear how best to combine their advantages in constructing digital library systems. This thesis is devoted for investigating, proposing and evaluating possible solutions to advance developments in this field. The main research goal of this work is to combine the strengths of both peer-to-peer overlay network...
Maslov, Alexey Texas A. M. University Libraries; Mikeal, Adam Texas A. M. University Libraries; Weimer, Katherine Texas A. M. University Libraries; Leggett, John Texas A. M. University Libraries
The Web 2.0 trend has placed a renewed emphasis on interoperability and cooperation between systems and people. The digital libraries community is familiar with interoperability through technologies like OAI-PMH, but is disconnected from the general Web 2.0 community. This disconnect prevents the digital library from taking advantage of the rich network of data, services and interfaces offered by that community. This paper presents a case study of a collection within the Texas A&M Reposito...
This paper reviews how usability has been defined in the context of the digital library, what methods have been applied and their applicability, and proposes an evaluation model and a suite of instruments for evaluating usability for academic digital libraries. The model examines effectiveness, efficiency, satisfaction, and learnability. It is found that there exists an interlocking relationship among effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction. It also examines how learnability interacts wit...
Hurst, Emily J.
As technology rapidly changes, libraries remain go-to points for education and technology skill development. In academic health sciences libraries, trends suggest librarians provide more training on technology topics than ever before. While education and training have always been roles for librarians, providing technology training on new mobile devices and emerging systems requires class creation and training capabilities that are new to many. To appeal to their users, many health sciences li...
Suleman, Hussein; Fox, Edward
Explains the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) which was developed to solve problems of digital library interoperability on the World Wide Web. Topics include metadata; HTTP; XML; Dublin Core; the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol; data providers; service providers; reference linking; library policies; shared semantics; and name authority systems.
In brief: The Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) launched last week. This article attempts to tease out the librarian response to DPLA and explore what it means for the future of the library in popular imagination, as well as in our field. I describe the what, who, and how of DPLA and ask, after [...
Kenney, Anne R.; Personius, Lynne K.
In cooperation with the Commission on Preservation and Access, Xerox Corporation, Sun Microsystems, Inc., and the New York State Program for the Conservation and Preservation of Library Research Materials, Cornell University (New York) studied and established the effectiveness of digital technology to preserve and make available research library
Describes the Gender and Science Digital Library (GSDL), an online collection of high-quality, interactive science resources that are gender-fair, inclusive, and engaging to students. Considers use by teachers and school library media specialists to encourage girls to enter careers in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). (LRW)
Colleges share many things on Twitter, but one topic can be risky to broach: the reading habits of library patrons. Patrons' privacy is precious to most librarians. Yet new Web services thrive on collecting and sharing the very information that has long been protected. This points to an emerging tension as libraries embrace digital services.
Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.
Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) digital libraries provide access to free online scientific resources about oceans, coasts, and coastal watersheds. MRIB allows category, geographic, and keyword searching, alone or in combination. Instructions for searching the three MRIB libraries and for refining the searches are explained in detail.
Ojedokun, Ayoku A.; Moahi, Kgomotso H.
This study probed the use of digital library skills by MLIS graduates, and their perception of employment preparation for the emergent information market in Botswana. The study used a survey approach. The study was carried out in 2004. A total of 32 MLIS graduates (1996-2003) of the Department of Library and Information Studies in employment were
Hurst, Emily J
As technology rapidly changes, libraries remain go-to points for education and technology skill development. In academic health sciences libraries, trends suggest librarians provide more training on technology topics than ever before. While education and training have always been roles for librarians, providing technology training on new mobile devices and emerging systems requires class creation and training capabilities that are new to many librarians. To appeal to their users, many health sciences librarians are interested in developing technology-based classes. This column explores the question: what skills are necessary for developing and teaching technology in an academic health sciences library setting? PMID:24528269
Hurst, Emily J.
As technology rapidly changes, libraries remain go-to points for education and technology skill development. In academic health sciences libraries, trends suggest librarians provide more training on technology topics than ever before. While education and training have always been roles for librarians, providing technology training on new mobile devices and emerging systems requires class creation and training capabilities that are new to many. To appeal to their users, many health sciences librarians are interested in developing technology-based classes. This column explores the question: what skills are necessary for developing and teaching technology in an academic health sciences library setting? PMID:24528269
Charlottetown : The Robertson Library , 2013. ISBN N. ISSN N. [International Conference on Open Repositories 2013 /7./. 08.07.2013-12.07.2013, Charlottetown] R&D Projects: GA MK(CZ) DF12P01OVV002 Keywords : open repositories * The Czech Digital Library * Fedora Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science http://or2013.net/sites/or2013.net/files/Lhotak_CDL_paper_proposal_OR2013.pdf
Carlos Xavier de Azevedo, Netto; Bernardina Maria Juvenal, Freire; Perpétua, Pereira.
Full Text Available O presente trabalho apresenta os resultados obtidos no projeto Identificação e Análise de Imagem para Formação de um Sistema de Representação e Recuperação da Informação, financiado pela Coordenação Institucional de Ensino a Distância da UFPB, que visa à elaboração de princípios de representação da [...] informação imagética do acervo da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire, com o intuito de formar uma política de representação para a informação de natureza imagética. Para sua execução, contou-se com os pressupostos teóricos da semiótica, estética e teoria da arte, bem como subsídios da teoria da representação. Como resultados o presente trabalho aponta as possíveis formas de representação das imagens e sua incorporação ao acervo informacional da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire. Abstract in english The objective of this paper is to present the results obtained on the project Identification and Analysis of Image for Development of an Information Recovery and Representation System, which was financed by the Institutional Coordination for Distance Education. The project purposes the elaboration o [...] f representation principles of imagetic information in Paulo Freire Digital Library collection. To support its execution, the theoretical conjectures of semiotics, art theory and aesthetic were considered, as well as subsidies of representation theory. The present paper points out image representation aspects and its incorporation into the informational collection of Paulo Freire Digital Library.
Zhu, Qin; Guevara, Sophia
With changing user expectations, many libraries are moving toward digital content. Accessible from anywhere at any time, digital content provides users with efficient, on-demand information experiences. Accordingly, librarians are presented with challenges and opportunities to build, manage, and implement outreach strategies that promote their
Full Text Available Lack of integrated software is serious obstacle toward the development of digital libraries in Iran. Considering the problem, this research focused on Greenstone digital library software (GDLS to investigate its technical capabilities toward creating and managing digital collections in Iranian libraries. The study was conducted through evaluation research using a 9-spectrums checklist in two phases. In the first stage, experts from library and information science and computer science and in second stage, three user groups (with PhD, MA and BA degrees completed the checklist against capabilities of GDLS. Findings indicated that, there was no significant difference between two groups of specialist about capabilities of GDLS. Analyzing three user groups also approved GDLS competencies at this respect. There were some technical errors and bugs that experts proposed to be corrected toward best fitness of GDLS to Iranian collections.
Ana Margarita, Cabrera Facundo; Adrián, Coutín Domínguez.
Full Text Available Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o e [...] specializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio. Abstract in english The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt wit [...] h on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.
Ana Margarita Cabrera Facundo
Full Text Available Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o especializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio.The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt with on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.
Full Text Available One morning we came in to work to find that one of our servers had made 1.5 million attempts to contact an external server in the preceding hour. It turned out that the calls were being generated by the Librarys digital preservation system (Rosetta while attempting to validate XML Schema Definition (XSD declarations included in the XML files of the Librarys online newspaper application Papers Past, which we were in the process of loading into Rosetta. This paper describes our response to this situation and outlines some of the issues that needed to be canvassed before we were able to arrive at a suitable solution, including the digital preservation status of these XSDs; their impact on validation tools, such as JHOVE; and where these objects should reside if they are considered material to the digital preservation process.
Full Text Available This paper outlines the recent history of the Benedictine College Library and traces the development of the librarys digital collections since 2006. The librarians have worked to provide an integrated search solution through the EBSCO Discovery Service and streamline off-campus access through EZPROXY. As the librarys electronic resources have grown, we have continued to support its historic core collection in the humanities as well as some unique and eclectic special collections. A range of issues are discussed: integrating electronic resources, ensuring 24-hour access, working with IT staff and the impact of the institutional culture on the college library. The challenges that this transition have posed for the library staff will also be discussed. It is hoped that librarians in similar situations can learn from our experiences.
Full Text Available This paper examines the affordances that a collaborative digital library (CDL can bring to bear on supporting information literacy practices in the digital information environment. It suggests that the digital library can contribute to student empowerment in information literacy practices while searching, using and collaboratively building the digital library resources. To illustrate this, the authors have been experimenting with the implementation of an integrated information literacy model based on Eisenberg and Berkowitz Big 6 Model and describes the CDL features in association with the information literacy dimensions in this model. The CDL focuses on the project-based learning approach to conduct students project, which supports specific information behaviors that underpin research and learning such as information seeking, browsing, encountering, foraging, sharing, gathering, filtering, and using. Findings regarding teachers reception of the digital library are encouraging as they feel the relevance of the digital library to the current requirement of the students project and its potential to entrench information and resource study skills through project-based learning.
Arizona State Univ., Tempe.
The activities suggested in this workbook for participants in a continuing education program for inservice school media specialists are designed to develop the trainee's skills in identifying instances of sexism and sex stereotyping in education, and in promoting sex fairness in the library. Exercises and tests on the first module are concerned
Full Text Available The purpose of this publication is to present the contemporary aspects of training educational and qualification degree Bachelor of Specialty Library and Information Management of the Library Management Department at the State University of Library Studies and Information Technologies (SULSIT in Sofia, Bulgaria.In view of specificity and completeness of the presented information in this publication there is a limit, which refers to the training only in educational and qualification degree Bachelor. The following methods are used: a study of the curriculums of many universities worldwide teaching in this or a related specialty; comparative analysis; synthesis of the obtained information. Accent is put on the disciplines Intellectual Property, Standardization in Library Activities, Quality Management in Library and Information Activities, Library Psychology and Bibliotherapy. The research draws attention to some aspects insufficiently covered in the curriculum of the programs preparing future highly knowledgeable, trained library and information managers, and offers some solutions, based on our experience in the State University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, to the attention of the LIS academic and professional community.
Koroma, Eeva; Lena, Olsson
Share.TEC short for Sharing Digital Resources in the Teaching Education Community, is a 3-year project (2008 to 2011) co-funded by the European Communitys eContentPlus programme. A main objective of Share.TEC is to inspire teacher educators in Europe to work with digital content and to contribute to an increased awareness of and readiness to use and share digital resources by those working in and with the Teacher Education community in Europe.
One morning we came in to work to find that one of our servers had made 1.5 million attempts to contact an external server in the preceding hour. It turned out that the calls were being generated by the Librarys digital preservation system (Rosetta) while attempting to validate XML Schema Definition (XSD) declarations included in the XML files of the Librarys online newspaper application Papers Past, which we were in the process of loading into Rosetta. This paper describes our response...
Innocenti, Perla; Toli, Eleni; Candela, Leonardo
The document is the report on the 1st Workshop on Digital Library Interoperability, Best Practices and Modelling Foundations was held in Corfu, Greece on October 1, 2009, in conjunction with the 13th European Conference on Digital Libraries (ECDL2009). The event was dedicated to discuss top-level challenges and priorities for investigating and achieving digital library (DL) interoperability, to analyse the current state of the art and to deliberate top priorities towards global DL infrastruct...
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The article mainly discusses organization of information as well as Metadata education in Taiwan. The paper presents finding of a survey on the state of cataloging and Metadata education in nine library and information science programs in Taiwan. The author sent questionnaires to nine library and information science programs, used web sites content analysis, and undertook in-depth interviews with faculties teaching organization of information courses. The survey showed there were seventy four courses on cataloging and Metadata provided, including twenty-two basic courses, forty six advanced courses, and six internet and digital information organizing courses. Among those courses, there were two Metadata courses provided by Fu-Jen Catholic University and Hsuang Chuang University. Metadata topics were well integrated into organization of information curriculum. Although educators agreed on the inclusion of specific knowledge and skills in Metadata instruction, they did not agree that it was necessary to provide Metadata courses. They also agreed that there were gaps between cataloging / Metadata education and library need for shortage of course credit hours. Some suggestions were proposed to assist education in providing students with competencies in cataloging and Metadata.
Butler, Lorrie Ann; Kantor-Horning, Susan
The Contra Costa County Library is located within the greater San Francisco Bay Area. With 26 physical locations and a virtual branch, it has more than 400,000 cardholders and serves a population of almost 1 million. As part of developing a strategic plan to meet the needs of the public in the 21st century, the library hired a consultant to gather
Science and technology are widely recognized as major drivers of innovation and industry (e.g. Rising above the Gathering Storm, 2006). While the focus for education reform is on school improvement, there is considerable research that supports the role that out-of-school experiences can play in student achievement and public understanding of STEM disciplines. Libraries provide an untapped resource for engaging underserved youth and their families in fostering an appreciation and deeper understanding of science and technology topics. Designed spaces, like libraries, allow lifelong, life-wide, and life-deep learning to take place though the research basis for learning in libraries is not as developed as other informal settings like science centers. The Space Science Institutes National Center for Interactive Learning (NCIL) in partnership with the American Library Association (ALA), the Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI), and the National Girls Collaborative Project (NGCP) have received funding from NSF to develop a national education project called the STAR Library Education Network: a hands-on learning program for libraries and their communities (or STAR-Net for short). STAR stands for Science-Technology, Activities and Resources. The overarching goal of the project is to reach underserved youth and their families with informal STEM learning experiences. This project will deepen our knowledge of informal/lifelong learning that takes place in libraries and establish a learning model that can be compared to the more established free-choice learning model for science centers and museums. The project includes the development of two STEM hands-on exhibits on topics that are of interest to library staff and their patrons: Discover Earth and Discover Tech. In addition, the project will produce resources and inquiry-based activities that libraries can use to enrich the exhibit experience. Additional resources will be provided through partnerships with relevant professional science and technology organizations (e.g. American Geophysical Union; National Academy of Engineering) that will provide speakers for host library events and webinars. Online and in-person workshops will be conducted for library staff with a focus on increasing content knowledge and improving facilitation expertise. This presentation will report on strategic planning activities for STAR-Net, a Community of Practice model, and the evaluation/research components of this national education program.
Full Text Available In contemporary society libraries are actively involved in the process of acquisition, collections management, communication, preservation and archiving of information and of documentary resources. In order to fulfil their mission, libraries should find viable solutions and provide pertinent answers related to the new challenges of the electronic environment, by integrating new information and communication technologies. A series of obvious changes take place within the library as the major info-documentary structure, at the level of the processes of librarianship, of the services and products offered, finally at the level of library and information science practitioners, taking into account the users and their information needs. Currently, we are witnessing a real transformation of the libraries from analogue to hybrid, and libraries with important digital collections are becoming leading institutions managing information and knowledge that become developing activities in the new context of Information and Communication Technologies.
Seale, Jane; Draffan, E. A.; Wald, Mike
Digital inclusion in higher education has tended to be understood solely in terms of accessibility, which does little to further our understanding of the role technology plays in the learning experiences of disabled students. In this article, the authors propose a conceptual framework for exploring digital inclusion in higher education that
Ronnie, Mary; And Others
This volume covers the history of library development, library education, and national planning for library coverage in New Zealand, as well as Papua New Guinea and the South Pacific. The chapters are as follows: (1) "Setting the New Zealand Scene"; (2) "The New Zealand Library Association Certificate Course"; (3) "Graduate Education, 1946-69";
Smith, Mark; Feied, Craig; Gillam, Michael; Handler, Jonathan
The authors describe a method to create a medical teaching library that is automatically maintained, contains tens of thousands of radiologic images, and is built using existing internal hospital dictations, radiologic images, and an off-the-shelf commercial search engine product (Google Inc.).
Smith, Mark; Feied, Craig; Gillam, Michael; Handler, Jonathan
The authors describe a method to create a medical teaching library that is automatically maintained, contains tens of thousands of radiologic images and is built using existing, internal, hospital dictations, radiologic images, and an off-the-shelf commercial search engine product (Google Inc.). PMID:17238722
Yuan, Jiugen; Zhang, Wenting; Xing, Ruonan
Leading the elements of games into education is the newest teaching concepts in the field of educational technology, which is by using healthy games to impel and preserve the learner's motivation, improve the learning efficiency and bring one experience in learning something by playing games. First of all, this article has introduced the concept of Digital Game and User Experience and brought the essence of Digital Game to light to construct the frame of user experience interaction design for digital educational games and offer one design idea for the development of related products and hoping that Digital Game will bring us continuous innovation experience.
Timothy Collinson; Alison Williams
This case study will explore some innovative methods of library induction at a higher education library in the UK, Southampton Solent University, looking particularly at e-induction and alternative approaches to the management of library anxiety.The induction programme includes features that are modular, interactive and - most particularly - student centred. They cater for a variety of preferences, including video, audio, text based and multi-media options. The variety of approaches taken by ...
This article reports on the results and significance of a pilot academic e-books project carried out at the Keio University Libraries for fiscal 2010 to 2012 to assess the viability of a new model of the libraries providing all the campuses with accesses to Japanese academic books digitized jointly with academic publishers and cooperative firms. It focuses on the experimental use of digitized books, highlighting the students attitudes and expectations towards e-books as found from surveys. Some major findings include the following. Users have a strong demand for digitized readings that are rather lookup-oriented than learning-oriented, with greater value placed on the functionalities of federated full-text searching, reading on a screen, and accessing the desired chapter direct from table of contents. They also want an online space in which to manage different forms of digitized learning resources. We investigated the potential of e-books and new type of textbooks as educational infrastructures based on the results of experiment. Japans university libraries should need to engage actively in the mass digitization of academic books to be adaptive to the change in the ways research, study and teaching are conducted. We plan to start a joint experiment with other university libraries to develop a practical model for the use of e-books.
This presentation provides an overview of the iLumina project, which is developing a digital library, funded by the National Science Foundation. After a brief introduction to the goals of the project and the library interfaces and functionality, we focus on several aspects of our implementation and use of IMS metadata: What IMS metadata elements and vocabularies do we support and why? How metadata is used to underpin a variety of library services, and do these service benefits offset the costs of creating the metadata? What information do we put in metadata and what do we recommend be put elsewhere (and why)? How have we implemented the IMS metadata, and what were the design alternatives? How have we made the implementation decisions, in terms of speed of development, ease of maintenance and enhanced functionality? What do we see as the next steps for using metadata, and for developing generic tools to flexibly manage IMS metadata, in digital libraries?
This paper is a critical review of some recent literature around the "literacies of the digital" in schools and higher education. It discusses the question: "what does the conjoining of the terms "digital" and "literacy" add to our understanding of teaching and learning in higher education"? It explores the continuing role of critical literacy in
Malizia, Alessio; Bottoni, Paolo; Levialdi, S.
The design and development of a digital library involves different stakeholders, such as: information architects, librarians, and domain experts, who need to agree on a common language to describe, discuss, and negotiate the services the library has to offer. To this end, high-level, language-neutral models have to be devised. Metamodeling techniques favor the definition of domainspecific visual languages through which stakeholders can share their views and directly manipulate represent...
Ann-Louise De Boer; Bothma, Theo J D; Johan Olwagen
Library leaders may not be fully equipped to deal with the demands and rigours of the digital age and its consumers. The advent of the internet, search engines and social media require a paradigm shift in the development of these leaders. Whilst much has been written about the required competencies, there seems to be no clear guiding principle on how the development should take place. The authors propose that the development of library leaders is a process, best illustrated through movement t...
Smeaton, Alan F.; Crimmins, Francis
A fully operational large scale digital library is likely to be based on a distributed architecture and because of this it is likely that a number of independent search engines may be used to index different overlapping portions of the entire contents of the library. In any case, different media, text, audio, image, etc., will be indexed for retrieval by different search engines so techniques which provide a coherent and unified search over a suite of underlying independent search engines are...
Kim, Gahee; Yang, Hyun-Roc; Kang, Kyung-Kyu; Kim, Dongho
Nowadays, the new paradigm demands digital textbooks which contain interactive contents. Our goal is to design the digital textbook providing effective multimedia and cutting interface for interactive education. To achieve this purpose, we propose the user friendly cutting interface and interactive animation for digital textbook. This interface complemented current digital textbook interface which is mostly in text based. We will discuss effectiveness of our interface for elementary students ...
Full Text Available The main goal of this article was identifying cost elements in syntactic integrating digital library systems in Iran. The levels of integration are content, technical, and organizational. It is obvious we could access some sub goals such as identifying current situation of information systems from the view points of data storage, needed standard outputs, and the current situation of interoperability in Iran, and suitable integration model in Iranian digital libraries. The analytical survey method was used in this research. Research population included 11 digital library systems that were used in Iranian digital libraries. In order to gather information, a researcher made questionnaire was used because of not existing standard collecting data tool. Findings demonstrated that we should search on three levels of interoperability: content, technical, and organizational level in order to identifying cost-adoption elements in syntactic interoperability. Also, findings showed that the elements of organizational level were too important level in cost-adoption elements. Also this research demonstrated that the high cost of adoption was related to libraries and their organizations.
Herring, Mark Y
The digital age has transformed information access in ways that few ever dreamed. But the afterclap of our digital wonders has left libraries reeling as they are no longer the chief contender in information delivery. The author gives both sides--the web aficionados, some of them unhinged, and the traditional librarians, some blinkered--a fair hearing but misconceptions abound. Internet be-all and end-all enthusiasts are no more useful than librarians who urge fellow professionals to be all things to all people. The American Library Association, wildly democratic at its best and worst, appears
Hienert, Daniel; Schaer, Philipp; Mayr, Philipp
Interactive visualizations for exploring and retrieval have not yet become an integral part of digital libraries and information retrieval systems. We have integrated a set of interactive graphics in a real world social science digital library. These visualizations support the exploration of search queries, results and authors, can filter search results, show trends in the database and can support the creation of new search queries. The use of weighted brushing supports the identification of related metadata for search facets. We discuss some use cases of the combination of IR systems and interactive graphics. In a user study we verify that users can gain insights from statistical graphics intuitively and can adopt interaction techniques.
Full Text Available Digital Libraries and Museums (DL/M have become one of the important research issues of Library and Information Science as well as other related fields. This paper describes the basic concepts of DL/M and briefly introduces the development of Taiwan Digital Museum Project. Based on the features of various collections, wediscuss how to maintain, to manage and to exchange metadata, especially from the viewpoint of users. We propose the draft of metadata, MICI (Metadata Interchange for Chinese Information , developed by ROSS (Resources Organization and SearchingSpecification team. Finally, current problems and future development of metadata will be touched.[Article content in Chinese
Kolding Nielsen, Erland
This article identifies a number of challenges facing national libraries all over the world as digitally-born materials replace the physical antecedents that have been well known to us for centuries, and it describes how the Royal Library of Denmark is responding to these challenges. The author argues that if we want to preserve the digitally-born part of cultural heritage and knowledge production in the future, these problems have to be solved. We are running out of time if we are to avoid the loss of data and cultural heritage in the coming decades, as indeed happened on the web in the 1990s.
Full Text Available This paper describes how the Pennsylvania State (Penn State University Libraries and the universitys central information technology organization, Information Technology Services, are putting into practice key tenets of digital curation through the newly established Content Stewardship program, a joint strategic initiative to implement stewardship services for the university. First, we provide an account of the planning, preparation, and prototyping that informed the initial year of the program. Second, we report on the hiring of a Digital Collections Curator and a Digital Library Architect and how they are advancing the program by putting digital curation into practice, which includes the work of community building. Finally, we address the organizational context of curation in practice, in particular with respect to the challenges of starting and sustaining a stewardship services program for all of Penn State.
Baruzzo, Andrea University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Casoto, Paolo University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Challapalli, Prasad University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Dattolo, Antonina University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Pudota, Nirmala University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science; Tasso, Carlo University Of Udine-department Of Computer Science
Developing and maintaining a digital library requires substantial investments that are not simply a matter of technological decisions, but include also organizational issues (user roles, workflows, types of contents, etc.). These issues are often handled by approaches based on a physical perspective that treats the stored information either in terms of data formats or physical space needed to archive them. All these perspectives completely ignore the semantic aspects of the digital contents. ...
In this report we survey results of our efforts to set up a technical environment, a model for external cooperation and interoperability and an organizational framework for a reliable, truly vivid, ever growing and durable digital archive of mathematical publications. A major step forward has been achieved during the course of the European Digital Mathematics Library (EuDML) project which got initial funding from the European Commission from February 2010 to January 2013.
Wee, Loo Kang
This paper highlights the diverse possibilities in the rich community of educators from the Conceptual Learning of Science (CoLoS) and Open Source Physics (OSP) movement to engage, enable and empower educators and students, to create interactive digital media through computer modeling. This concept revolves around a paradigmatic shift towards participatory learning through immersive computer modeling, as opposed to using technology for information transmission. We aim to engage high school educators to professionally develop themselves by creating and customizing simulations possible through Easy Java Simulation (Ejs) and its learning community. Ejs allows educators to be designers of learning environments through modifying source codes of the simulation. Educators can conduct lessons with students' using these interactive digital simulations and rapidly enhance the simulation through changing the source codes personally. Ejs toolkit, its library of simulations and growing community contributed simulation cod...
The goal of the User-Centered Digital Library Project, conducted by the National Center for Accessible Media (NCAM) at WGBH, was to adapt the Teachers' Domain online digital library to enable teachers and students with disabilities to more readily use the resources in science classrooms. NCAM added accessibility features such as captions and audio
The challenges of establishing digital library services in an Open and Distance Learning (ODL environment and the potential benefits: The road towards the integration of digital and traditional library services, the case of Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU
Kudakwashe Danmore Keithy Tapfumaneyi
Full Text Available The information age is the zeitgeist of the twenty first century with the pervasive use of computers transcending across all sectors such as education, health and library and information departments. Of crucial importance is the ability of ICTs to break the barriers of time and distance that makes them an asset in the provision of library and information services .More so in Open and Distance Learning (ODL institution?s library services as it provides electronic information and knowledge in support of various study programmes and researches to a geographically spaced clientele. The paper highlights challenges librarians face in integrating traditional information delivery based on print with modern computerised and networking delivery of digital information. Noting however the pervasiveness of print media in providing literature and knowledge and also administrative functions such as applications and registration to support various ODL programmes albeit with the handicap of limited geographical reach of the distant student. The discussion addresses the issues of ICT duality capacities as a basic infrastructure for information and communications, highlighting the dual challenge of ICT development and ICT for development. The survey noted accessibility challenges experienced by ZOU Mashonaland east library in accessing e-resources and their preference for print resources.
Representing Value as Digital Object: A Discussion of Transferability and Anonymity; Digital Library Initiatives of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft; CrossRef Turns One; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab).
Kahn, Robert E.; Lyons, Patrice A.; Brahms, Ewald; Brand, Amy; van den Bergen, Mieke
Includes four articles that discuss the use of digital objects to represent value in a network environment; digital library initiatives at the central public funding organization for academic research in Germany; an application of the Digital Object Identifier System; and the Web site of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. (LRW)
The libraries of India can play an important role in the education of neo-literates by awakening the interest of potential readers, providing specially developed materials, setting aside a special area staffed by trained, sympathetic personnel, and by fostering discussion groups to raise people's consciousness of their power to effect change. (AJ)
Following a recommendation from the Scientific Information Policy Board, the Library will adapt its acquisitions policy so that it can start to profit from the advantages of subscribing to journals in electronic format only, starting from January 2008. This new policy will not affect magazine-style journals, annuals and obviously the journals that are not yet available in electronic format. However, this is a major change. For, who today could imagine consulting the library holdings using an old style card catalogue? Even the days of the famous preprint display are unknown to many of the current CERN staff and users. More than a decade after the birth of web-based scientific journals, publishers now offer very reliable online versions. The financial savings implied by this change of policy will reduce the number of title cancellations needed to match the decrease in the Library budget, and the policy will therefore help maintain a good overall level of information resources....
Murilo Bastos da, Cunha.
Full Text Available Comentam-se as diferenças e convergências entre a biblioteca convencional e a digital, apontando quatro aspectos, a saber: 1) a organização da informação, mostrando que a biblioteca digital tem um potencial informacional que dificilmente terá sido alcançado pela biblioteca convencional: ela pode ent [...] regar a informação diretamente na mesa do usuário. Discute o futuro do catálogo da biblioteca em relação aos mecanismos de busca e aos projetos de digitalização em massa; 2) o acesso à informação, mostrando que este é o momento de se iniciar uma integração das fontes e materiais eletrônicos nos acervos e serviços; 3) o aspecto econômico, mostrando que muitas bibliotecas procuram no ambiente externo aquelas fontes de informação que poderão ser úteis, digitalizam seus conteúdos e os colocam à disposição de sua comunidade; 4) as ações cooperativas, afirmando que houve um incremento das atividades de cooperação bibliotecária, não somente para reduzir os custos, mas também para facilitar a sobrevivência da biblioteca como instituição social. Conclui-se que o desafio da mudança é uma oportunidade de renovação para a biblioteca, fazendo com que ela continue a ser um espaço de prazer e aprendizado. Abstract in english The differences and convergences between traditional and digital libraries are discussed. Four aspects are analyzed in this paper, i.e.: 1) the organization of the information where it is shown that the digital library has an information power that will hardly be reached by the conventional library, [...] as information can be directly delivered to the user's desk; the future of the library catalog is also discussed and compared to search engines and mass digitalization projects; 2) the access to information, pointing the present as the right time to start the integration of sources and electronic materials into library collection and services; 3) economical aspects showing that many libraries try to obtain helpful information sources in the external environment, and digitalize their contents to make them available to its clientele; 4) cooperative actions, observing that library cooperation activities increased, not only to reduce costs but also to facilitate survival of the library as a social institution. Finally, the article points out that the challenge to change is a great opportunity for revitalization of the library, impelling it to continue to be a space for joy and learning.
This website provides images to visually communicate programs, projects, and events of the US Army Corps of Engineers. The library consists of photographs, illustrations, artwork, clipart, logos, maps, and posters of a majority of the Corps of Engineers civil and military projects from around the world. Users may search by Division/Center, District/Laboratory, Project/Title, Location/State, Graphic Type, or Subject. The library, which is divided into Photo, Historic, and Graphic sections, has over 5,900 images with more being added.