WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Education digital libraries management  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose – This work aims to report the experience of implementing a university digital library by introducing all the technical/administrative and scientific production in the education field. Design/methodology/approach – The paper describes the process of conception, information architecture, the steps and methodology for structuring and establishing of the Digital Library of the Faculty of Education of the State University of Campinas (BDE – FE/UNICAMP), with the partnership of the U...

Santos, Gildenir Carolino; Passos, Rosemary; Ribeiro, Ce?lia Maria

2008-01-01

2

Digital Libraries in Teacher Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Krassen Stefanov, Pavel Boytchev, Eliza Stefanova, Atanas Georgiev, Nikolina Nikolova, Alexander Grigorov - This paper discusses the role of the contemporary European digital libraries in teachers education. It presents a digital repository of metadata resources for teachers education, as well as a portal for the community of practices, build around the repository. Both the repository and the community are developed in the frame of the European project Share.TEC. The paper describes...

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2011-01-01

3

Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This projects introduces digital libraries, digital initiatives, search techniques, and the Instructional Architect Review Rubric. Digital Library Information : The Scope of the Digital Library D-Lib Journal article, 1998 2008 Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL) Annual meeting devoted to Digital Libraries Initiatives : Digital Libraries Initiative The Initiative's focus is to dramatically advance the means to collect, store, and organize information in digital forms, and make it available for searching, retrieval, and processing via communication networks -- all in ...

Heather

2008-09-29

4

The Digital Library for Earth System Education: A Community Integrator  

Science.gov (United States)

The rapid changes in the geoscience research environment have prompted educators to request support for their efforts to reform geoscience educational practices. DLESE, the Digital Library for Earth System Education, responds to this request by providing a single point of access to high-quality educational resources for teaching about the Earth as a system. DLESE is supported by the National Science Foundation and is an operational library used by tens of thousands of educators every month. DLESE resources include a variety of media formats, from text-based lesson plans to highly-sophisticated tools for interactive three-dimensional visualization of authentic scientific data. The DLESE community is particularly interested in partnering with scientific researchers to ensure that the tools of practicing scientists become widely available to geoscience educators. Two emerging large-scale scientific efforts, the GEON project and EarthScope, provide compelling illustrations of the potential of these partnerships. Both are cutting-edge, cross-disciplinary projects that use digital tools in a distributed environment to support scientific investigation. Both have also made a deep commitment to use these same tools to support geoscience education, and both are including DLESE as part of that commitment. Our interactive presentation will allow users to discover a variety of educational resources and communication services within the library. We will highlight those library resources and services that take particular advantage of the digital media to support new modes of learning and teaching. For example, annotation tools allow educators to add tips on the most effective way to use a specific resource. Data services will help educators find and use real-time data to illustrate geoscience phenomena. Multi-dimensional visualization tools allow students to interact with authentic student data in inquiry-based learning environment. DLESE will continue to actively collaborate with scientific research efforts to ensure that the practices and tools of the research community also support the needs of geoscience learners and educators.

Marlino, M. R.; Pandya, R. E.

2003-12-01

5

Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, Digital Libraries includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.

Papy, Fabrice

2008-01-01

6

Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE)  

Science.gov (United States)

... full use of, and bring order to, the World Wide Web for the purpose of empowering any teacher ... by a discovery system that enables users to search by grade level, educational resource type, and ...

7

Digital Libraries - a challenge for Medical Research and Education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Since the early 1990s Digital Libraries have become a major factor for collecting, organising and distributing scientific research. This is especially true in the biomedical sciences. In this article, different definitions of the term Digital Libraries are discussed. Two major definitions are dwelled upon: one emerging from the library world and the other from the world of scientific research. Librarians tend to speak for a broader definition of the term “Library”....

Linde, Peter

2006-01-01

8

Digital teaching library (DTL) development for radiography education  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Having access to a library of radiological images in the university setting is important for teaching and learning in diagnostic radiography. Modern modalities such as PETCT create data volumes rather than single static 2D images. A PACS repository of images alone does not constitute a teaching library without some text based searchable index. A review of several options for acquiring a digital teaching library (DTL) of such indexed DICOM data is presented. Discussion: The data protection principles, current guidance and potential methods for migrating and cleansing large quantities of DICOM data from a clinical PACS prior to transfer to a university setting is discussed. The chosen method is described and the important enabling technology identified. Various methods of index construction are outlined and a method of migrating and cleansing HL7 data from a clinical RIS described. Results: Three terabytes of de-normalised DICOM image files were cleansed of patient, staff and geographic identifiers, within the header tags and pixel data. These files were then migrated to an educational PACS hosted at a university. A searchable index database was created based on 90,200 reports and associated data, and 886,263 DICOM headers to enable meaningful results to be found from the 51,304 unique patient specific cases. Conclusion: A large DTL in the university setting using PACS technology is becoming a valuable resource for teaching, learning and assessment.hing, learning and assessment.

9

Digital Libraries: The Catalyst to Transform Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries are changing the way academic disciplines within universities are conceptualized. The nation's scholars are investing their careers and millions of dollars to use technology to rethink the nature of their disciplines. These advances are affecting academic research and instruction as academic disciplines restructure in response to…

Bolick, Cheryl Mason; Hicks, David; Lee, John; Molebash, Philip; Doolittle, Peter

2004-01-01

10

Evaluating Digital Libraries for Teaching and Learning in Undergraduate Education: A Case Study of the Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType (ADEPT).  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the research design for an educational evaluation of the Alexandria Digital Earth ProtoType (ADEPT), a digital library of geo-referenced information resources. Reviews the deployment of digital libraries in educational settings, the role of information technology in developing students' scientific thinking, and evaluation of digital

Borgman, Christine L.; Gilliland-Swetland, Anne J.; Leazer, Gregory H.; Mayer, Richard; Gwynn, David; Gazan, Rich; Mautone, Patricia

2000-01-01

11

Internship organisation in Digital Library post-graduate educational programs: students’ perceptions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The importance of internships in information studies related educational programmes is confirmed by the literature, practice, and investigations of the labour market (Van Der Molen, 2007) (Lorring & Kajberg, 2005) (Tammaro, 2007). The curriculum of the Master’s programme DILL (Digital Library Learning) includes an internship which aims at giving students the opportunity to carry out a program of job training and digital library work experience, that can assist them in career exploration, an...

Valla, Sara

2014-01-01

12

? ICT ????????????????????? A reflection on digital library education from ICT extended information services perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ??????(ICT???????????,??????????????????,??????????????????,????????????,??????????????????????????,?????????????????????????,????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????,?????????ICT?????????,?????;??????????,??ICT?????,??????????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????,????ICT???,??ICT??????;????????,???ICT????????,???????????,???????ICT????????????????,?????????,?????????,???ICT???????????This paper argues the legitimacy of current digital library related curriculum to support the ICT extended information services, such as online references, online library instruction, information literacy education, etc.In order to understand what has been taught in Digital Library related courses, it first collected and analyzed digital library related curriculum in LIS programs in Taiwan. In order to understand the current information services issues, it collected and analyzed the titles of 2002 and 2008 Off-campus information services conference proceedings.The research findings reveal that Digital Library courses are not required but selected in all programs.The content of which is between an introductory and architecture base.Skills and training for ICT extended information services are found not the focus of current Digital Library education. On the other hand, the off-campus conferences show a broad need and issues for information services, such as library instruction, information literacy education, and research literacy, etc.The findings suggest a discern review on future DL curriculum design to take into consideration of skills and training on ICT extended information services issues.

Mei-Mei Wu

2010-10-01

13

'Digital Library: A New Concept of Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article throws light on introduction of Digital Library, Definition of Digital Library, Need, Objective, Function, Concept; Advantages & Disadvantages of Digital Library and it also describe components of Digital Library.

Deshmukh A. Hadi A. Bari

2012-10-01

14

Chemical Education Digital Library (ChemEd DL)  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemEd DL provides exemplary digital resources, tools, and online services to aid in teaching and learning chemistry by offering access to multiple collections and services from the the Journal of Chemical Education, the American Chemical Society Education Division and the ChemCollective. Major resources center on the periodic table and properties of the elements, molecular and solid-state structures, videos showing chemical reactions, questions for homework and quizzes, virtual laboratories, and wiki-based textbooks. Major services include a course-management system (Moodle) into which resources are easily added, a tool for organizing wiki-textbooks into course units, and a series of high-school-chemistry lesson plans incorporating online resources.

2008-12-10

15

Digital libraries in the current legal and educational environment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The contribution examines the issues raised by digitisation of libraries, museums and archives and the EU approach to the issue" Il contributo esamina le questioni sollevate dalla digitalizzazione di archivi, biblioteche e musei e l'approccio europeo al tema

Ricolfi, Marco

2010-01-01

16

Core Services in the Architecture of the National Digital Library for Science Education (NSDL)  

CERN Document Server

We describe the core components of the architecture for the (NSDL) National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library. Over time the NSDL will include heterogeneous users, content, and services. To accommodate this, a design for a technical and organization infrastructure has been formulated based on the notion of a spectrum of interoperability. This paper describes the first phase of the interoperability infrastructure including the metadata repository, search and discovery services, rights management services, and user interface portal facilities.

Lagoze, C; Gan, S; Hillmann, D; Ingram, C; Krafft, D; Marisa, R; Phipps, J; Saylor, J; Terrizzi, C; Hoehn, W; Millman, D; Allan, J; Guzman-Lara, S; Kalt, T; Lagoze, Carl; Arms, William; Gan, Stoney; Hillmann, Diane; Ingram, Christopher; Krafft, Dean; Marisa, Richard; Phipps, Jon; Saylor, John; Terrizzi, Carol; Hoehn, Walter; Millman, David; Allan, James; Guzman-Lara, Sergio; Kalt, Tom

2002-01-01

17

Core Services in the Architecture of the National Digital Library for Science Education (NSDL)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We describe the core components of the architecture for the (NSDL) National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library. Over time the NSDL will include heterogeneous users, content, and services. To accommodate this, a design for a technical and organization infrastructure has been formulated based on the notion of a spectrum of interoperability. This paper describes the first phase of the interoperability infrastructure including the metadat...

Lagoze, Carl; Arms, William; Gan, Stoney; Hillmann, Diane; Ingram, Christopher; Krafft, Dean; Marisa, Richard; Phipps, Jon; Saylor, John; Terrizzi, Carol; Hoehn, Walter; Millman, David; Allan, James; Guzman-lara, Sergio; Kalt, Tom

2002-01-01

18

The Digital Library for Earth System Education: A Progress Report from the DLESE Program Center  

Science.gov (United States)

DLESE is a community-owned and governed digital library offering easy access to high quality electronic resources about the Earth system at all educational levels. Currently in its third year of development and operation, DLESE resources are designed to support systemic educational reform, and include web-based teaching resources, tools, and services for the inclusion of data in classroom activities, as well as a "virtual community center" that supports community goals and growth. "Community-owned" and "community-governed" embody the singularity of DLESE through its unique participatory approach to both library building and governance. DLESE is guided by policy development vested in the DLESE Steering Committee, and informed by Standing Committees centered on Collections, Services, Technology, and Users, and community working groups covering a wide variety of interest areas. This presentation highlights both current and projected status of the library and opportunities for community engagement. It is specifically structured to engage community members in the design of the next version of the library release. The current Version 1.0 of the library consists of a web-accessible graphical user interface connected to a database of catalogued educational resources (approximately 3000); a metadata framework enabling resource characterization; a cataloging tool allowing community cataloging and indexing of materials; a search and discovery system allowing browsing based on topic, grade level, and resource type, and permitting keyword and controlled vocabulary-based searches; and a portal website supporting library use, community action, and DLESE partnerships. Future stages of library development will focus on enhanced community collaborative support; development of controlled vocabularies; collections building and community review systems; resource discovery integrating the National Science Education Standards and geography standards; Earth system science vocabulary; georeferenced discovery; and ultimately, AAAS Benchmarks. DLESE is being designed from the outset to support resource discovery across a diverse, federated network of holdings and collections, including the Alexandria Digital Library Earth Prototype (ADL/ADEPT), NASA education collections, the DLESE reviewed collection, and other community-held resources that have been cataloged and indexed as part of the overall DLESE collections.

Marlino, M. R.; Sumner, T. R.; Kelly, K. K.; Wright, M.

2002-12-01

19

Essential competencies of an information professional working in a digital library environment, in the opinions of Norwegian and Thai library and information science educators  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Essential competencies required of an information professional to work in the digital environment have been a significant discussion topic the Library and Information science (LIS) world. Both in Norway and Thailand, one of the issues discussed by LIS educators and librarians in several discussions on LIS curriculum development is the competencies required for an information professional to be effective and efficient working in the library, archive, museum and related areas in this digital er...

Nonthacumjane, Pussadee

2010-01-01

20

The Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE): Progress and Opportunities for Engagement  

Science.gov (United States)

The Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) is a community-led, NSF-funded effort to promote access to high-quality digital resources for teaching and learning about the Earth. Now in its fourth year of development, DLESE is used by tens of thousands of educators and learners a month, and provides access to over 5000 educational resources. These resources include a variety of media formats, from text-based lesson plans to sophisticated tools for interactive three-dimensional visualization of authentic scientific data. In August of 2003, DLESE introduced Version 2.0 of the library. The new version features enhanced educational services including: the ability to search by National Science and Geography Standards, the ability to search over multiple, discrete collections, and annotation services that allow educators to evaluate resources and supply tips for their effective use. With version 2.0, DLESE can better provide services to support researchers through the entire cycle of their educational and outreach efforts. These services are of particular value to researchers when developing, disseminating, and evaluating educational materials in their efforts to meet the National Science Foundation's Criteria Two, for proposals. To support development efforts, we have published best-practices guides for developing resources; we actively broker relationships between the scientific community, instructional designers, and educational researchers; and we are leading efforts to integrate data into educational materials. The DLESE Evaluation Services offers broad support to a variety of research efforts. The DLESE Program Center provides technology integration and operational systems to support partnerships with the research community.

Marlino, M. R.; Pandya, R. E.

2003-12-01

 
 
 
 
21

Primary Multimedia Objects and 'Educational Metadata' A Fundamental Dilemma for Developers of Multimedia Archives; Evaluation of Digital Library Impact and User Communities by Analysis of Usage Patterns; The KYVL Kentuckiana Digital Library Project: Background and Current Status; DPDx Collection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes four articles that discuss multimedia educational database systems and the use of metadata, including repurposing; the evaluation of digital library use that analyzes the retrieval habits of users; the Kentucky Virtual Library (KYVL) and digital collection project; and the collection of the Division of Parasitic Diseases, Centers for…

Shabajee, Paul; Bollen, Johan; Luce, Rick; Weig, Eric

2002-01-01

22

Building and Using A National Digital Library for Computational Physics Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past dozen years we have produced some of the world's most widely used interactive computer-based curricular materials for the teaching of physics and this work has recently a SPORE Prize (Science Prize for Online Resources in Education) in Science. The materials we have developed are hosted on and distributed from the Open Source Physics (OSP) Collection of the ComPADRE National Science Digital Library. This presentation describes the interactive pedagogy that motivated the development of this learning platform. Examples from high school AP through university-level advanced topics will be presented.

Christian, Wolfgang

2012-03-01

23

European Digital Mathematics Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this paper is to survey the European Digital Mathematics Library project goals and achievements as well as an outlook for sustainable development. “Making mathematics literature published in Europe available online” www.eudml.org

Rakosnik, Jiri; Pavlov, Radoslav

2013-01-01

24

Harmful Algae Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Harmful Algae Digital Library contains a collection of Sea Grant documents in digital format (primarily PDF) arranged by subject area: red tide/PSP, brown tide, ciguatera, killer algae, and Pfiesteria. This collection is part of the National Sea Grant Library (NSGL), which maintains over 36,000 searchable records dedicated to environmental stewardship, long-term economic development and responsible use of America's coastal, ocean and Great Lakes resources.

Library, National S.; University Of Rhode Island-Bay Campus, Noaa

25

Digital South Asia Library  

Science.gov (United States)

A project of the Center for Research Libraries with financial and other support from multiple sources, the Digital South Asia Library will likely become a major online resource for South Asia scholars. The site is very much still under development, but there are some resources available. These include pedagogical tools, photos and images, statistics, some bibliographies, electronic books, and some related links. Anyone who studies South Asia will want to bookmark this site and monitor its development.

Digital South Asia Library (U.S.)

26

Florida Digital Newspaper Library  

Science.gov (United States)

With generous funding from Florida's Library Services and Technology Act Grants Program, the Institute for Museum and Library Services (IMLS), and other organizations, the Florida Digital Newspaper Library exists "to provide access to the news and history of Florida." On this site, visitors can browse through over 800,000 pages of historic Florida newspapers dating back to the early 19th century. Currently the archive contains current Florida newspapers digitized from 2005 to the present, dozens of historic newspapers, and the "Historic News Accounts of Florida", which features articles from newspapers published outside the state which deal with life in Florida. On the site's homepage, visitors can use a simple search engine, perform an advanced search, or look through the "New Items" section. Some of the papers in this archive include the Alachua Advocate, the Apopka Chief, and the Wakulla County News.

27

LC21-Hopes and Cautions for the Library of Congress; The NSF National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program: A Progress Report; A Grammar of Dublin Core; Measuring the Impact of an Electronic Journal Collection on Library Costs: A Framework and Preliminary Observations; Emulation As a Digital Preservation Strategy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes five articles: (1) discusses Library of Congress efforts to include digital materials; (2) describes the National Science Foundation (NSF) digital library program to improve science, math, engineering, and technology education; (3) explains Dublin Core grammar; (4) measures the impact of electronic journals on library costs; and (5)…

O'Donnell, James J.; Zia, Lee L.; Baker, Thomas; Montgomery, Carol Hansen; Granger, Stewart

2000-01-01

28

Western Waters Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

From the earliest European explorers to the time of modern engineers and hydrologists, the vast reserves of water within the Western United States have been the cause of both great excitement and concern. This compelling digital library brings together a wide range of documents (including legal transcripts, water project records, and personal papers) that document the Columbia, Colorado, Platte, and Rio Grande river basins. The project was completed with support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services and twelve university libraries in eight western states. On the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches, or just elect to browse through the available materials. Browsing is a good option actually, as all of the materials are contained with one of four sections: subject, people, places, and signature collections. The signature collections are a real find, and visitors can look over troves that include "Native American Water Rights in Arizona", "The Platte River Basin in Nebraska", and "Las Vegas: Water in the West".

2004-01-01

29

Perseus Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Planning for the Perseus Digital Library began in 1985, and they have made a series of ambitious changes, additions, and transformations over the past several decades. The Library is best known for their coverage of the history, literature, and culture of the Greco-Roman world. They recently unveiled this new website, and it is well worth a look. Along the top of the homepage, visitors will find sections such as "Collections", "Art & Arch", and "Publications". In the "Collections" area visitors will find thousands of primary and secondary sources for the study of ancient Greece and Rome, along with a number of resources on early modern English literature and life in the 19th century United States. The "Art & Arch" area contains an impressive library of art objects that includes over 1500 vases, 1400 sculptures, and approximately 500 coins. Additionally, the "Publications" area includes work that discusses the process of creating the Perseus collection and its related databases.

2008-01-01

30

IT profiles and curricula for digital libraries in Europe  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines the roles and competences of digital librarians and the trends of education for digital libraries in Europe. It puts two questions: What are the IT (Information Technology) profiles for digital librarians? How should they be educated? The analysis is based on the results of the European project European Curriculum Reflections on Library and Information Science Education and the proceedings of two Workshops on digital library education, held in Italy in 2005. Three approach...

Tammaro, Anna Maria

2006-01-01

31

Digital libraries applications CBIR, education, social networks, eScience/simulation, and GIS  

CERN Document Server

Digital libraries (DLs) have evolved since their launch in 1991 into an important type of information system, with widespread application. This volume advances that trend further by describing new research and development in the DL field that builds upon the 5S (Societies, Scenarios, Spaces, Structures, Streams) framework, which is discussed in three other DL volumes in this series.While the 5S framework may be used to describe many types of information systems, and is likely to have even broader utility and appeal, we focus here on digital libraries.Drawing upon six (Akbar, Kozievitch, Leidig

Fox, Edward A

2014-01-01

32

The Civil Rights Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Partner organizations including The New Georgia Encyclopedia, the Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection at the University of Georgia, and the Institute of Museum and Library Services have joined forces to create the very impressive Civil Rights Digital Library (CRDL). The intent of the CRDL is to promote an "enhanced understanding of the Movement by helping users discover primary sources and other educational materials from libraries, archives, museums, public broadcasters, and others on a national scale." Visitors can browse through the materials by place, people, events, or topics, such as "Community Organizing", "White Resistance", "Economic Justice", and "Voting Rights". Also, visitors can browse the materials by contributing institutions or media type. There's some really terrific material here, including oral histories, archival footage, and still photographs. Overall, it is a site that will be invaluable to historians working in this area, and anyone with an interest in learning about the civil rights movement.

33

Googlizing a Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes how we dramatically increased access to our content through the use of sitemap files and sets of browsable links. Digital libraries, when characterized by search and retrieval capabilities, are normally part of the Deep Web, inaccessible to general web crawlers and hence to generalized search engines such as Google. Yet the primary goals of digital libraries include enhancing accessibility, expanding one's audience to the general public, and promoting the library. Leveraging the capabilities of popular search engines is a potentially powerful and low-cost method of meeting these goals. An overview is provided of the problem, the solutions being developed, as well as an exploration of the current methods of remediation and their applicability to two other search engines, Yahoo! and Ask. A selection of methods is implemented for a dynamically-delivered database of 1081 finding aids (in the form of Encoded Archival Description. Access statistics (ruling out crawlers already indicate a remarkable increase in user and hit counts as a result.

Jody DeRidder

2008-03-01

34

International Children's Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission of the International Children's Digital Library is "to have every culture and language represented so that every child can know and appreciate the riches of children's literature from the world community." It's a lofty goal indeed, and by looking over their website, visitors will find that they are well on their way to achieving this goal. So far, they have placed hundreds of books online, and visitors can click on "Read Books" to check out the fruits of their labors. Here they will find a selection of featured books, along with a drop-down menu that lets users look for books in dozens of languages. Of course, visitors can also click on a range of thematic listings, such as "real animal characters", "picture books", and "kid characters". Visitors can also learn how they can contribute to the ongoing work of the Library, and they may also wish to sign up for a free account while they are here.

35

Land Treatment Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey to catalog legacy land treatment information on Bureau of Land Management lands in the western United States. The LTDL can be used by federal managers and scientists for compiling information for data-calls, producing maps, generating reports, and conducting analyses at varying spatial and temporal scales. The LTDL currently houses thousands of treatments from BLM lands across 10 states. Users can browse a map to find information on individual treatments, perform more complex queries to identify a set of treatments, and view graphs of treatment summary statistics.

Pilliod, David; Welty, Justin L.

2013-01-01

36

Mountain West Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Formed as part of a consortium between universities, colleges, museums, and historical societies in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho, the Mountain West Digital Library contains dozens of digital collections whose content ranges far beyond that of the geographical area covered by the Mountain West region. On their homepage, visitors can learn about the "Featured Collection" and then browse all of the available collections via a list of partner institutions. All told, there are over 100 collections here, and visitors can search the entire archive for text, images, video, or audio clips. A couple of the collections should not be missed, including "Before Gaming: Las Vegas Centennial", which provides visual documentation of a (relatively) quiet Las Vegas before the emergence of gambling. Additionally, the Mormon publication "The Young Woman's Journal" provides insight into the lives of Mormon women in the early 20th century.

37

THE NSF National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program; Software for Building a Full-Featured Discipline-Based Web Portal; A Metadata Framework Developed at the Tsinghua University Library To Aid in the Preservation of Digital Resources; A Scalable Architecture for Harvest-Based Digital Libraries; The Design and Evaluation of Interactivities in a Digital Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes five articles that discuss digital library programs related to the National Science Foundation; software for building Web portals; metadata developed at Tsinghua University Library (China) for preserving digital resources; the Open Archives Initiative for metadata and the need for a common infrastructure; and interactivity in a digital

Zia, Lee L.; Almasy, Edward; Sleasman, David; Bower, Rachael; Niu, Jingfang; Liu, Xiaoming; Maly, Kurt; Zubair, Mohammad; Nelson, Michael L.; Brody, Tim; Harnard, Stevan; Carr, Les; Budhu, Muniram; Coleman, Anita

2002-01-01

38

Mecme Digital Library (Mediterranean Coastal Marine Environment Digital Library)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Si descrive la biblioteca digitale MeCME Digital Library, DL in seno all'Istituto dell'ambiente marino costiero, Sezione di Taranto, la sua costruzione, i suoi scopi , la sua unicità e caratteristiche innovative. I campi di interesse di Mecme DL sono documenti di letteratura grigia per l'ocenografia e la biologia marina. Il main frame come self-publishing digital library è stato basato su LVDL-Laguna di Venezia Digital Library, che copre campi di interesse similare. Pubblicato anche come Te...

Biagioni, Stefania; Carlesi, Carlo; Filippi, Maria

2004-01-01

39

The Climate Change Collection: A Case Study on Digital Library Collection Review and the Integration of Research, Education and Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Designed as an pilot project to assess the scientific and pedagogical quality of selected digital resources in the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE), the Climate Change Collection is thematic collection of digital resources relating to the topic of global climate change. Developed through the collaborative efforts of an interdisciplinary review team made up of professionals from the fields of climate research, geoscience education, cognitive psychology, and evaluation, the findings of the project suggest that the user needs of the reviewers should be considered in any review process, that there is inherent value in the collaboration of scientists, teachers and related fields in determining the quality of particular resources, and that the process of preparing for and conducting such reviews and annotations is time-consuming and challenging. Drawing from the experience of prior collection development efforts associated with DLESE, including the Community Review System and the Digital Water Education Library, the Climate Change Collection was developed during the Fall of 2004 and Winter of 2005. Through a series of monthly meetings with the review team facilitated by the Principal Investigator acting as Editor for the collection, and assisted by an online workspace known as a SWIKI, the Climate Change Collection was designed as an experiment in streamlined collection development that may help inform future digital library review and collection-building efforts. The initial meetings focused on training the reviewers, setting context for the review process, and discussing the perspectives of the various participants in the review team. Each participant received a stipend for their involvement in the process. A rubric "scorecard" was developed, tested, and fine-tuned by the review team with a focus primarily on scientific accuracy and the potential for effective use in the classroom. Specific concepts relating to aspects of natural climate variability and human impacts on the climate system were examined, with existing resources cataloged within DLESE being the primary materials reviewed. Each complete "scorecard" review, is posted on the web, and is accessible through a summary review that highlights the overall rating from the reviewers and key annotations of the reviewers, including suggestions on classroom use of the resource.

McCaffrey, M.

2005-05-01

40

Digital libraries at home and abroad for the needs of instruction in the school library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The authors describe some cases and indicate some possible uses of digital libraries (some of them can also be examples of their construction for educational purposes, at home and abroad. They have chosen examples of libraries that are appropriate (or designed for use by librarians, teachers, primary and secondary school students. The positive, as well as the negative characteristics of the use of digital libraries are presented. Qualitative properties of digital school libraries are also described in the article.

Zdenka Verli?

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

USGS Digital Spectral Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The USGS Spectroscopy Lab posts, "Researchers at the Spectroscopy Lab have measured the spectral reflectance of hundreds of materials in the lab, and have compiled a spectral library. The library is used as a reference for material identification in remote sensing images." This site is still under construction but it contains detailed plots and sample descriptions (.gif).

42

DIGITAL ERA: UTILIZE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN DIGITAL LIBRARY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.

T. RAGHUNADHA REDDY

2012-09-01

43

The New Zealand Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This fine Website provides searchable access to a number of voluminous document collections from diverse sources around the world in the fields of history, humanitarian and global development, computer science, music, and literature. These databases are chock full of documents, reports, articles, bibliographies, periodicals, and audio/ video files. The Website's searching and browsing interfaces are provided by Greenstone digital library software and enable easy, effective searching through these substantial collections, which include materials from the UN University, the Food and Agriculture organization, the Humanity Development Library, the World Environment Library, the Bibliotheque pour le Developpement, and more. Also included here are interfaces for the Gutenberg Project (see the November 22, 1996 Scout Report), a women's history collection, a youth oral history covering the lives of New Zealand children in the pre- and post-World War II years, the New Zealand Digital Music Library, and even an extensive music video collection (note: download times for videos can be several minutes). Two of the collections -- on Arabic and Chinese studies -- appear to be still under construction. The great boon of the site, of course, is the fact that rather than simply serving as a gateway, it allows users to immediately access the various materials brought up by the interface. "The New Zealand Digital Library project is a research program at The University of Waikato whose aim is to develop the underlying technology for digital libraries and make it available publicly so that others can use it to create their own collections."

44

Digital library usability studies  

CERN Document Server

Each summer, circulation staff in my library inventories a section of the stacks andbrings collection issues to the attention of appropriate bibliographers. Since I amresponsible for the economics collection, I see an array of government documents thathave managed to elude the cataloging process. Many of these titles are decades old,having squatted in the library undisturbed and uncirculated since our online catalogwas implemented in 1990.

Eden, Bradford Lee

2005-01-01

45

La biblioteca digital y la educación a distancia como entes inseparables para incrementar la calidad de la educación / Digital Library and Distant Education as inseparable entities to better quality of education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo aborda la biblioteca digital como un elemento indispensable para la educación a distancia, y plantea el modo en que dicha biblioteca puede incrementar la calidad de esta modalidad de la educación. Se muestran además las actividades escolares que pueden ser mejoradas con el uso de [...] la biblioteca digital. Los planteamientos construidos en este artículo se sustentan primeramente en una investigación documental sobre los distintos elementos que interactúan en la educación a distancia, pero también se apoyan en un análisis crítico de varias modalidades a distancia analizadas. El objetivo de este trabajo tiene tres vertientes: la primera es mostrar a la biblioteca digital como un espacio educativo; la segunda se refiere a los diferentes aspectos que deben considerarse para lograr que la biblioteca sea la columna medular de este tipo de modalidad educativa, y la tercera es proponer elementos que permitan mejorar la calidad de la educación a distancia a través de su interacción con la biblioteca digital. Abstract in english Digital library is shown as an indispensable element in distant education, and as a way to improve the quality of this type of education. This paper is based in documentary research but also supported in some benchmarking. The objective is three folded: a) to show digital library as an educational s [...] pace; b) to refer to the different aspects which may be taken into account in order to make this type of library the central column in this educational modality, and c) to propose some scholar activities that could be improved with the use of a digital library.

Brenda, Cabral Vargas.

46

NCore: Architecture and Implementation of a Flexible, Collaborative Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

NCore is an open source architecture and software platform for creating flexible, collaborative digital libraries. NCore was developed by the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) project, and it serves as the central technical infrastructure for NSDL. NCore consists of a central Fedora-based digital repository, a specific data model, an API, and a set of backend services and frontend tools that create a new model for collaborative, contributory digital libraries. This paper describes NCore, presents and analyzes its architecture, tools and services; and reports on the experience of NSDL in building and operating a major digital library on it over the past year and the experience of the Digital Library for Earth Systems Education in porting their existing digital library and tools to the NCore platform.

Krafft, Dean B; Cramer, Ellen J

2008-01-01

47

Alexandria Digital Library (ADL)  

Science.gov (United States)

The ADL collection provides searching capabilities over geographically-referenced materials. Geographically-referenced means information objects are associated with one or more regions, often called footprints, on the Earth's surface. The ADL collection contains information that supports basic science, including the Earth and social sciences. The ADL collection offers geospatial search as the primary search mechanism. This collection contains photographs, digital elevation models, digital raster graphics, Landsat and AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) satellite imagery and world maps.

48

Theoretical Foundations for Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

In 1991, a group of researchers chose the term digital libraries to describe an emerging field of research, development, and practice. Since then, Virginia Tech has had funded research in this area, largely through its Digital Library Research Laboratory. This book is the first in a four book series that reports our key findings and current research investigations. Underlying this book series are five completed dissertations (Gonçalves, Kozievitch, Murthy, Shen, Torres), nine dissertations underway, and many masters theses. These reflect our experience with a long string of prototype or produc

Fox, Edward A; Shen, Rao

2012-01-01

49

Development of the educational digital library EduCR@I 2.0 Desarrollo de la Biblioteca Digital Educativa EduCR@I 2.0  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries have changed from being places where you store, organize and disseminate information, to become dynamic centers, acting proactively in knowledge construction by providing resources and services that innovate ways to communicate with its users to create alternative spaces to make an impact in the academic life of the institution. This educational digital library proposal involves the construction of a virtual space extended to the physical library resources to accommodate different teaching and educational purposes expressed in learning objects, video channel, wikis, virtual classroom, blogs, web portal, library in virtual worlds and digital repositories. EDUCR @ I 2.0 is the name that has been designated to the multi-platform educational digital library CUCSUR, presenting up to now as progress in its construction the design of structures for skills development writers. The project proposes a flexible schema to be organized in a modular way and the possibilities to increase its components. It allows saving costs due to the use of free software and open source as well as the campus intranet, and depending on the incorporation of multimedia materials, users online and scanned documents to database, it is possible to perform preliminary tests on its functionality with Workstations computer equipment type for preliminary testing and measuring growth of the collections in the future.Las bibliotecas han evolucionado de ser lugares donde se almacenan, organizan y difunden la información hasta convertirse en centros dinámicos que actúan de manera proactiva en la construcción del conocimiento al disponer de recursos y servicios que innovan la manera de comunicarse con sus usuarios al generar espacios alternativos para lograr un impacto en la vida académica de la institución. La presente propuesta de biblioteca digital educativa consiste en la construcción de un espacio virtual extendido a la biblioteca física para albergar diferentes recursos con fines didácticos y educativos expresados en objetos de aprendizaje, canal de video, wikis, aula virtual, blogs, portal web, biblioteca en mundos virtuales y repositorios digitales. EDUCR@I 2.0 es el nombre que se le ha designado a la multiplataforma digital educativa de la biblioteca del CUCSUR, que presenta hasta el momento como avance en su construcción el diseño de estructuras para el desarrollo de competencias escritoras. El proyecto propone un esquema flexible al organizarse de forma modular y con posibilidades para incrementar sus componentes. Permite el ahorro de costos debido a la utilización de software libre y código abierto así como la intranet del campus y, dependiendo de la incorporación de materiales multimedia, usuarios conectados y documentos digitalizados a las bases de datos, es posible realizar pruebas preliminares de su funcionalidad con equipos de cómputo tipo Workstation existentes para la realización de pruebas preliminares y la medición de crecimiento de las colecciones a futuro

Yolanda López Santana

2013-01-01

50

Search features of digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Traditional on-line search services such as Dialog, DataStar and Lexis provide a wide range of search features (boolean and proximity operators, truncation, etc. This paper discusses the use of these features for effective searching, and argues that these features are required, regardless of advances in search engine technology. The literature on on-line searching is reviewed, identifying features that searchers find desirable for effective searching. A selective survey of current digital libraries available on the Web was undertaken, identifying which search features are present. The survey indicates that current digital libraries do not implement a wide range of search features. For instance: under half of the examples included controlled vocabulary, under half had proximity searching, only one enabled browsing of term indexes, and none of the digital libraries enable searchers to refine an initial search. Suggestions are made for enhancing the search effectiveness of digital libraries, for instance by: providing a full range of search operators, enabling browsing of search terms, enhancement of records with controlled vocabulary, enabling the refining of initial searches, etc.

Alastair G. Smith

2000-01-01

51

Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

Rajab Abd al-Hamed

2007-01-01

52

Using massive digital libraries a LITA guide  

CERN Document Server

In this thought-provoking and unabashedly optimistic book, he explores how massive digital libraries are already adapting to society''s needs, and looks ahead to the massive digital libraries of tomorrow.

Weiss, Andrew

2014-01-01

53

Professional education for a digital world  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Reviews developments in initial professional education for library and information work in relation to contemporary university library practice in the digital world, with particular reference to the impact of technology on content and delivery. Discusses connections between professional education and library practice, generalist versus specialist programmes and pathways, education for digital library environments and preparation for data management. Concludes that the current trend of locatin...

Corrall, Sheila

2010-01-01

54

The National Library Service (SBN towards digital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the sector of technologies for the Information Society, the General Direction for Library Heritage and Cultural Institutes has promoted two programs: · SBN: The National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale · BDI: The Italian Digital Library (Biblioteca Digitale Italiana and another project, which was approved on March 18, 2003: · BDI&NTC: The Italian Digital Library and Cultural Tourist Network

Giuliana Sgambati

2003-12-01

55

Library outreach: addressing Utah's "Digital Divide".  

Science.gov (United States)

A "Digital Divide" in information and technological literacy exists in Utah between small hospitals and clinics in rural areas and the larger health care institutions in the major urban area of the state. The goals of the outreach program of the Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library at the University of Utah address solutions to this disparity in partnership with the National Network of Libraries of Medicine-- Midcontinental Region, the Utah Department of Health, and the Utah Area Health Education Centers. In a circuit-rider approach, an outreach librarian offers classes and demonstrations throughout the state that teach information-access skills to health professionals. Provision of traditional library services to unaffiliated health professionals is integrated into the library's daily workload as a component of the outreach program. The paper describes the history, methodology, administration, funding, impact, and results of the program. PMID:11055305

McCloskey, K M

2000-10-01

56

Digital Library of Indigenous Science Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

The Digital Library of Indigenous Science Resources (DLISR) is a library collection of online text, video, audio, and image files of Indigenous science. According to the DLISR, Native or Indigenous Science "involves Native persons learning about and understanding the natural world (or non-Native persons learning about and understanding the natural world in the same ways Native people do)." The library includes knowledge about the natural world as well as methods of teaching and learning about the natural world. All the resources found in the DLISR are authored or produced by Indigenous persons or organizations, or are "approved for inclusion in the library collection by an elder or other Indigenous person with the expertise to assess the resource." Visitors will note that the National Science Foundation (NSF) is one of the supporters of this digital library, and they can find more information on Indigenous or Native Science by checking out the "Introduction" tab at the top of the page. The overarching categories available in the library are "Climate Change", "Education", "Law", "Sovereignty", "Traditional Knowledge" and "Traditional Foods". There are approximately two dozen subtopics for visitors to choose under the categories. For example, under the "Traditional Foods" category visitors will find five resources, including one entitled "Alaska Traditional Knowledge and Native Foods Database", which contains measurements of contaminants found in the animals harvested by Alaska Natives.

57

User Interface Design Framework for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The proliferation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT has provided a well sophisticated environment for the development of digital libraries. The usability of a digital library primarily depends upon its user interface (UI system. Designing effective user interface system for digital libraries is a complex task. User Interface Framework is helpful to design effective interface system, as it identifies and focuses on the various factors and limitations that influence the design of the system. Hence, this paper presents a novel user interface design framework for digital libraries based on user-centered design methodology and digital library user interface design principles, for its effective implementation.

Hanumat G. Sastry

2011-02-01

58

The ERESE project: Bridging the gap between Digital Science Libraries and Education through Professional Development of Teachers and Database Development  

Science.gov (United States)

The ERESE (Enduring Resources in Earth Science Education) project involves a close collaboration between teachers, librarians, educators, data archive managers and scientists in Earth sciences and information technology, to create a digital library environment for Earth science education. We report here on an ongoing (NSF-NSDL) project involving teachers' professional development in the pedagogy of plate tectonics in middle and high schools. This work included efforts in scientific database development in terms of contents and search tools, the development of an inquiry based learning approach, a two week professional development workshop attended by 15 teachers from across the nation, a classroom implementation of lesson plans developed by the teachers at the workshop and an evaluation/validation process for the success of their pedagogic approaches. This ERESE project offers a novel path for both science teaching and professional outreach for scientists, and includes four key components: (1) A true, long-term research partnership between educators and scientists, guiding each other with respect to the authenticity of the science taught and the educational soundness of a scientists' elaborations on science concepts. (2) Expansion of existing scientific databases through the use of metadata that tie scientific materials to a particular expert level and teaching goal. (3) The design of interfaces that make data accessible to the educational community. (4) The use of an inquiry based teaching approach that integrates the scientist-educator collaboration and the data base developments. Our pedagogic approach includes the development of a central hypotheses by the student in response to an initial general orientation and presentation of a well chosen central provocative phenomenon by the teacher. Then, the student develops a research plan that is devoted to address this hypothesis through the use of the materials provided by a scientific database allowing a students prove or disprove their hypothesis and to explore the limits of the (current) understanding of a particular science question. Our first experience with this ERESE project involved a steep learning curve, but the initial results are very promising, providing true professional development for educators as well as for the scientists, whereby the former learn about new ways of teaching science and the latter learn to communicate with teachers.

Staudigel, H.; Helly, M.; Helly, J.; Koppers, A.; Massel-Symons, C.; Miller, S.

2004-12-01

59

Library and Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The psycho-social phenomena generated by mass-media and the new information and communication technologies at the level of the young generations have led to new communication practices that bypass libraries and revolutionized the intellectual labor practices, with texts being rather used than read. In this context, our article examines the need to increase the library's role in developing the quality of education and research and brings to attention a few possible solutions which include a partnership between various types of libraries and between librarians' associations and NGOs to facilitate education through library and safeguard reading.

Gheorghe Bulu??

2011-01-01

60

The Rise of the Digital Public Library  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a growing shift to digital offerings among public libraries. Libraries increasingly are fulfilling roles as technology hubs for their communities, with high demand for technology and career development training resources. Ebooks and other digital materials are on the rise, while print is being scaled back. More libraries are turning to…

McKendrick, Joseph

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

DIDET: Digital Libraries for Distributed, Innovative Design Education and Teamwork. Final Project Report  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The central goal of the DIDET Project was to enhance student learning opportunities by enabling them to partake in global, team based design engineering projects, in which they directly experience different cultural contexts and access a variety of digital information sources via a range of appropriate technology. To achieve this overall project goal, the project delivered on the following objectives: 1. Teach engineering information retrieval, manipulation, and archiving skills to student...

Breslin, Caroline; Grierson, Hilary

2008-01-01

62

Digital Libraries--Methods and Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital library is commonly seen as a type of information retrieval system which stores and accesses digital content remotely via computer networks. However, the vision of digital libraries is not limited to technology or management, but user experience. This book is an attempt to share the practical experiences of solutions to the operation of…

Huang, Kuo Hung, Ed.

2011-01-01

63

Digital Radiology Image Learning Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Digital Radiology Image Learning Library (DRILL) is designed as an interactive teaching tool targeted to the radiologic community. The DRILL pilot comprises a comprehensive mammographic information base consisting of factual data in a relational database, an extensive knowledge base in semantic nets and high-resolution images. A flexible query module permits the user to browse and retrieve examination data, case discussions, and related images. Other applications, including expert systems, instructional programs, and skill building exercises, can be accessed through well-defined software constructs

64

Digital Preservation in Open-Source Digital Library Software  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital archives and digital library projects are being initiated all over the world for materials of different formats and domains. To organize, store, and retrieve digital content, many libraries as well as archiving centers are using either proprietary or open-source software. While it is accepted that print media can survive for centuries with…

Madalli, Devika P.; Barve, Sunita; Amin, Saiful

2012-01-01

65

Business planning for digital libraries international approaches  

CERN Document Server

This book brings together international experience of business planning for digital libraries: the business case, the planning processes involved, the costs and benefi ts, practice and standards, and comparison with the traditional library where appropriate. Although there is a vast literature already on other aspects of digital libraries, business planning is a subject that until now has not been systematically integrated in a book.Digital libraries are being created not only by traditional libraries, but by museums, archives, media organizations, and indeed any organization concerned with ma

Collier, Mel

2010-01-01

66

The NSF National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program: New Projects and a Progress Report; Lessons Learned: The Development of Electronic Reserves at the University of Calgary; A Challenging Future Awaits Libraries Able To Change: Highlights of the International Summer School on the Digital Library; DISA: Insights of an African Model for Digital Library Development; Organizing Ready Reference and Administrative Information with the Reference Desk Manager; Sue at the Field Museum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Topics include: digital library projects in the National Science Foundation's NSDL program; an electronic reserve platform at the University of Calgary; highlights from the sixth International Summer School on the Digital Library; the Digital Imaging Project of South Africa; a database of local information at the Oregon State University library;…

Zia, Lee L.; Pearce, Linda; Prinsen, Jola G. B.; Ticer, B. V.; Peters, Dale; Pickover, Michele; Matylonek, John C.; Ottow, Carolyn; Reese, Terry

2001-01-01

67

Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

Rajab Abd al-Hamed

2007-09-01

68

What Do Digital Books Mean for Libraries?  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital books, or electronic books, and their relationship to libraries and communication between authors and readers. Topics include the scholarly market, for academic libraries, versus the consumer market; textbooks versus novels; digitization of older books; marketing; costs; and electronic books versus printed books. (LRW)

Lynch, Clifford

2001-01-01

69

User studies for digital library development  

CERN Document Server

As the information environment becomes increasingly electronic, digital libraries have proliferated, but the focus has often been on innovations in technology and not the user. This title provides a clear overview of the user studies domain and user issues in digital libraries.

Dobreva, Milena; Feliciati, Pierluigi

2012-01-01

70

Digital library reference model in a nutshell  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The booklet is an abstracted and abridged from the "Digital Library Reference Model" - D3.2b DL.org deliverable, April 2011 - that is a conceptual framework aimed at capturing significant entities and relationships in the digital library universe with the goal of developing a concrete model of it.

Candela, Leonardo; Athanasopoulos, George; Castelli, Donatella; El Raheb, Katerina; Innocenti, Perla; Ioannidis, Yannis; Katifori, Akrivi; Nika, Ana; Vullo, Giuseppina; Ross, Seamus

2011-01-01

71

Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications.  

Science.gov (United States)

Defines digital library collections and outlines two classes of collection metadata. Describes the Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project approach to collection metadata, including the ADL system architecture and collection guidelines and the format and use of the ADL collection metadata. Appendices include ADL collection metadata and example.…

Hill, Linda L.; Janee, Greg; Dolin, Ron; Frew, James; Larsgaard, Mary

1999-01-01

72

Digital Preservation: A Time Bomb for Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Argues that the difficulty and expense of preserving digital information is a potential impediment to digital library development. Discusses the present state of digital preservation, articulates requirements for users and custodians, and suggests research topics in storage media, migration, conversion, and overall management strategies. (DSK)

Hedstrom, Margaret

1998-01-01

73

World Digital Library: A Case Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: The study reports the aim and features of the World Digital Library (WDL, one of the pioneer projects reflecting the beauty of digital preservation. The study analyzes the contribution of resources continent wise, type, lingual pattern, time period, subjects covered and institutions to WDL.Methodology/Approach: The study is based on the content analysis of WDL. Findings: The study clearly reflects a growing trend of cultural and heritage resources in WDL.Future Implications: The study can be taken a step forward by researching the digital preservation strategies adopted by WDL to safeguard the global heritage wealth.Social Implications: The study can be an initiator at individual, institutional, regional, national and global level to contribute for enrichment of cultural tastes in WDL.Keywords: Digital libraries; Digital preservation; Heritage; Culture; Heritage preservation; World Digital Library (WDLPaper Type: Research

Somaira Nabi

2012-06-01

74

Kinematic Models for Design Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Kinematic Models for Design Digital Library (K-MODDL) is a collaborative effort of Cornell University librarians and faculty in Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics to provide open access, multimedia resources for learning and teaching about Kinematics. The website provides an overview of Kinematics, which is "the geometry of pure motion," along with a discussion of its history and contribution to a theory of machines. Funded by the National Science Digital Library of the National Science Foundation (NSF), K-MODDL is intended as "a pedagogical space" for use by teachers and researchers, and learners of all levels. The key feature of K-MODDL is the Reuleaux Collection of Mechanisms and Machines, which includes several interactive photographic animations and descriptions that illustrate kinematic mechanisms. Visitors may browse the models in the collection by category, or search by title words or by keyword (in English or German). Also available are educational tutorials, historical and contemporary texts related to the history and theory of machines and mechanisms, biographical information on important players in the history of machines and the field of kinematics, and finally, stereolithography files for âÂÂprintingâ working physical replicas.

75

Digital Library and Data Grid Technology Group  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital libraries and data grids manage state information about data collections. This is in contrast to the management of semantic information used for discovery that is provided by semantic web technology. The discussion group investigated the types of inferences and relationship management that would improve digital library and grid services. Notable examples include management of relationships discovered by data mining services, management of properties associated with grid name spaces...

Moore, Reagan W.

2005-01-01

76

The State of Development of Digital Libraries in Poland  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of development of Polish digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach: The paper describes the establishment of the first digital library in Poland, the creation of the Wielkopolska Digital Library and other regional digital libraries. The organisational and technological solutions used…

Gorny, Miroslaw; Catlow, John; Lewandowski, Rafal

2010-01-01

77

Support and Dissemination of Teacher-Authored Lesson Plans: a Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) and Geological Society of America (GSA) Collaboration  

Science.gov (United States)

The Digital Library for Earth System Education (www.dlese.org) and the Geological Society of America (www.geosociety.org) are working together to publish and disseminate teacher-authored Earth science lesson plans. DLESE is a community-based effort involving teachers, students, and scientists working together to create a library of educational resources and services to support Earth system science education. DLESE offers free access to electronic resources including lesson plans, maps, images, data sets, visualizations, and assessment activities. A number of thematic collections have recently been accessioned, which has substantially increased library holdings. Working in concert with GSA, a non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of the geosciences, small-scale resource creators such as classroom teachers without access to a web server can also share educational resources of their own design. Following a two-step process, lesson plans are submitted to the GSA website, reviewed and posted to the K-12 resource area: http://www.geosociety.org/educate/resources.htm. These resources are also submitted to the DLESE Community Collection using a simple cataloging tool. In this way resources are available to other teachers via the GSA website as well as via the DLESE collection. GSA provides a template for lesson plan developers which assists in providing the necessary information to help users find and understand the intent of the activity when searching in DLESE. This initial effort can serve as a prototype for important services allowing individual community members to contribute their work to DLESE with little technical overhead.

Devaul, H.; Pandya, R. E.; McLelland, C. V.

2003-12-01

78

Digital preservation for libraries, archives, and museums  

CERN Document Server

Digital Preservation for Libraries, Archives, & Museums is designed for all types of information professionals who are interested in digital preservation. This is not a how-to book giving step-by-step processes for certain materials in a given kind of system. Instead, it addresses a broad group of resources that could be housed in any number of digital preservation systems. Finally, this book is about "Things (not technology; not how-to; not theory) I wish I had known before I got started." It is divided into four parts based on the Digital Preservation Triad: Situating Digital Preservation, I

Corrado, Edward M

2014-01-01

79

Library performance measurement in the digital age  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Book synopsis: University libraries around the world have embraced the possibilities of the digital learning environment, facilitating its use and proactively seeking to develop the provision of electronic resources and services. The digital environment offers opportunities and challenges for librarians in all aspects of their work - in information literacy, virtual reference, institutional repositories, e-learning, managing digital resources and social media. The authors in this timely book ...

Conyers, A.; Payne, Philip

2011-01-01

80

Third CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Dakar, Senegal  

CERN Multimedia

3rd CERN-UNESCO workshop on digital libraries in Africa, held at Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories.

Nikolaos Kasioumis

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Second CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Rabat, Morroco  

CERN Multimedia

2nd CERN-UNESCO training on digital libraries in Africa, held at CNRST / IMIST, Rabat. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories

Jérôme Caffaro

2010-01-01

82

Alexandria Digital Library: User Evaluation Studies and System Design.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the Alexandria Digital Library, a geolibrary that focuses on geographical locations. Topics include the evolution of the system and interface design; design goals; user communities, including earth scientists, information specialists, and educators; user evaluation methodologies and findings; and future possibilities. (LRW)

Hill, Linda L.; Carver, Larry; Larsgaard, Mary; Dolin, Ron; Smith, Terence R.; Frew, James; Rae, Mary-Anna

2000-01-01

83

Copyright and the Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes the legal and technical issues which bedevil the creation of online libraries, particularly in relation to copyright. It discusses the Google Books settlement of October 2008 and a number of divergent views on its value or problems for libraries.

Erwin, Jeffrey J.

2008-01-01

84

Bibliografia sobre o fluxo do documento na biblioteca digital - Bibliography of the digital document flow in the digital library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

International selective and annotated bibliography about the major information sources related to the document flow in a digital library. Topics covered are: definitions of digital library, project and architecture of a digital library, library standards, digitization, collection development, bibliographic control, cataloging, classification, Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, metadata, ontology, digital preservation, information access, interface, interoperability, digital re...

Cunha, Murilo

2009-01-01

85

A model of multilingual digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho aborda o problema de bibliotecas digitais multilíngües. A motiviação para tal biblioteca digital decorre da diversidade de línguas dos usuários da Internet, bem como da diversidade dos autores do conteúdo, de autores de livros eletrônicos para elaboradores de cursos. São discutidas as [...] definições básicas de tal sistema, as especificações de sua funcionalidade e a identificação dos itens que ele comporta. Apresenta-se o impacto do multilingüismo em cada um dos aspectos anteriores. Um estudo de caso de uma biblioteca digital multilíngüe -- no Sistema Maxwell, na PUC-Rio -- é descrito nas últimas seções. Suas principais características são descritas e é mostrado o status atual de sua biblioteca digital. Abstract in english This paper addresses the problem of multilingual digital libraries. The motivation for a such a digital library comes from the diversity of languages of the Internet users as well as the diversity of content authors, from e-book authors to writers of courseware. The basic definitions of such a syste [...] m, the specifications of its functionality and the identification of the items it holds are discussed. The impact of multilinguism in each of the former aspects is presented. A case study of a multilingual digital library - in the Maxwell System in PUC-Rio - is described in the last sections. Its main characteristics are described and the current status of its digital library is shown.

Ana M. B., Pavani.

86

Digital scholarship and the role of the university library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The influence of modern information technology (IT) and fundamental changes in education and research beliefs and practices have resulted in what is called digital scholarship. The e-Information strategy of the Library of the University of Pretoria is in the process of making a huge impact on the Library, UP and national / international endeavors as it is progressing to enable digital scholarship. The key focus areas of the e-Information strategy are: e-Research, e-Learning, e-Resources, Ope...

Pienaar, Heila

2007-01-01

87

Digital Objects in the Design of Digital Libraries: How Can They Support Education? Say?sal Kütüphanelerin Tasar?m?nda Say?sal Nesneler: E?itimi Nas?l Destekleyebilirler?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The introduction of "reusable learning objects" is a very important development in using object-oriented approaches for on-line education. Similarly, the use of object-oriented approaches to develop "digital objects" is beginning to impact digital libraries. The purpose of this study is to examine the common issues of both developments in the context of reusable learning objects and to demonstrate the importance of digital libraries in online education. "Tekrar kullan?labilen ö?renme nesneleri" çevrimiçi e?itim dünyas?nda nesne tabanl? yakla??mlar?n kullan?lmas? aç?s?ndan önemli bir geli?medir. Ayn? ?ekilde, say?sal kütüphane çal??malar? da "say?sal nesneler" olarak adland?r?lan nesne tabanl? yakla??mlardan etkilenmektedir. Bu çal??man?n temel amac? tekrar kullan?labilen ö?renme nesneleri çerçevesinde her iki alandaki geli?melerin kesi?ti?i noktay? incelemek ve bu geli?meler ?????nda say?sal kütüphanelerin çevrimiçi e?itim aç?s?ndan önemini irdelemektir.

Nergiz Ercil Ça??ltay

2002-06-01

88

Perceptions of Library Staff Regarding Challenges of Developing Digital Libraries: The Case of an Iranian University  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The present research aims to identify the difficulties and obstacles for developing digital libraries in the seven regional branches of Islamic Azad University (IAU), Iran, and to study the status of librarians' skills and education programmes at these institutions. Design/methodology/approach: The 40 individuals working in the regional…

Mohsenzadeh, Faranak; Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Alireza

2011-01-01

89

Digital Scores: Loeb Music Library  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1956, the Loeb Music Library at Harvard University was established as the formal music library of the Harvard University Music Department. While the Library has embarked on a number of ambitious public outreach programs, this particular one will be a delight for musicologists as well as for those who just enjoy perusing unique musical scores. The layout of the site is pretty straightforward: as users scroll down the homepage, they can look over manuscripts from C.P.E. Bach, Mozart, and the vocal scores of such operatic triumphs as Verdi's Simon Boccanegra and La forza del destino. Using their page delivery service, visitors can zoom in and out among the pages of each musical manuscript to their heart's desire. Of course, the site also includes the Harvard Song Book of 1922,which features such chestnuts as "Fair Harvard" and "Ten Thousand Men of Harvard".

90

Key Concepts in the Architecture of the Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A discussion to an important report which defined the main principles for digital libraries architecture , the 8 principles are ; The technical framework exists within a legal and social framework , Understanding of digital library concepts is hampered by terminology, The underlying architecture should be separate from the content stored in the library , Names and identifiers are the basic building block for the digital library , Digital library objects are more than collections of bits , The digital library object that is used is different from the stored object , Repositories must look after the information they hold , Users want intellectual works, not digital objects.

William Arms

2004-06-01

91

News from the Library: A one-stop-shop for computing literature: ACM Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

The Association for Computing Machinery, ACM, is the world’s largest educational and scientific computing society. Among others, the ACM provides the computing field's premier Digital Library and serves its members and the computing profession with leading-edge publications, conferences, and career resources.   ACM Digital Library is available to the CERN community. The most popular journal here at CERN is Communications of the ACM. However, the collection offers access to a series of other valuable important academic journals such as Journal of the ACM and even fulltext of a series of classical books. In addition, users have access to the ACM Guide to Computing Literature, the most comprehensive bibliographic database focusing on computing, integrated with ACM’s full-text articles and including features such as ACM Author Profile Pages - which provides bibliographic and bibliometric data for over 1,000,000 authors in the field. ACM Digital Library is an excellent com...

CERN Library

2011-01-01

92

Geographic location as an access model to library collections – a pilot project of European Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the frames of the European eContentplus project European Digital Library (EDL a pilot GIS application was integrated in The European Library (TEL portal. The application was realized in the cooperation between the National and University Library of Slovenia and the Geodetic Institute of Slovenia. The pilot GIS application represents the beginning of the development of digital geolibrary where a map is the starting point leading to different geodifferentiated resources. At the same time, it also represents an upgrade of the static presentation of different kinds of digitised materials in the library, as well as an attempt of interdisciplinary presentation with additional educational value. The goal, content, methodology and the results of the pilot GIS application are presented in the article.

Dalibor Radovan

2007-01-01

93

Academic Library User Education in China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses user education in China's academic libraries in light of educational reform and the changing role of academic libraries. Describes information technology developments, objectives of user education, and the emphasis on computerbased searching in the Tsinghua University library. (LRW)

Sun, Ping; Rader, Hannelore B.

1999-01-01

94

California Digital Library in Twitter-Land  

Science.gov (United States)

In October 2009, California Digital Library (CDL), where the author serves as manager of strategic and project planning, jumped into the world of social networking by joining Twitter. From Twitter, the CDL staff publish the content of their monthly newsletter, "CDLINFO News," and also additional content created by CDL programs and individuals. In…

Starr, Joan

2010-01-01

95

A Global Approach to Digital Library Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes the key advances on digital library evaluation research. The paper provides a comparison of the existing models, the current research questions in this area, an integrated LIS-oriented evaluation framework, and a selection of international projects.

Giuseppina Vullo

2010-09-01

96

Some Observations on Metadata and Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes experiences in gathering together metadata from heterogeneous sources for the American Memory project of the Library of Congress, particularly for the collections digitized and cataloged at other institutions. It also reflects on several initiatives to develop rich structured metadata schemes for specific domains and to find…

Arms, Caroline R.

97

Ethics Education Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), the Ethics Education Library seeks "to connect people interested in developing new and interesting ethics training methods and programs, to disseminate best practices and tools that have already been developed, and to ultimately foster the creation of new methods and programs for teaching students about ethical issues inherent in research and practice." Visitors to the site can take advantage of the Browse feature to look for online tutorials, syllabi, teaching modules, and case studies. The case studies section has over 5,500 items, some of which are available in full and all of which have an abstract for perusal. Additionally, visitors can use the Publications area to find books, journal articles and other published materials relating to all areas of ethics education. These materials are arranged topically into sections that include bioethics, business ethics, and media ethics. Finally, visitors can scroll through the Ethics News on the right-hand side of the page for more information about current appearances of ethics in the daily news.

2012-05-11

98

Interoperability in Digital Library Systems: Content Analyzing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There are many problems in identifying, searching and retrieving valuable information materials on the web. Hence, digital libraries try to find solutions to interact with each other and other information centers to make accessible the valuable information. In fact, in case of interaction among libraries, there would be the possibility of accessing valuable information globally. This paper is an attempt to identify interoperability models and also the main components important for implementing interoperability projects. A survey of performed projects in this field reveals that this type of activities started from 1998, and the number of such projects increased since 2003. Also, a preliminary study reveals that   more than 50 percent of these projects originate from US. There are, in fact, three levels of interoperability: Technical, Content, and Organizational Interoperability. Considering the fact that this research emphasizes on technical level, the findings show that most digital libraries use OAI protocol, XML, and Dublin Core metadata standard.

Mehdi Alipour Hafezi

2010-12-01

99

Digital Cartography in the Royal Library -the National Library of Sweden  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital cartography - that is computer cartography - could be seen from several different viewpoints. Three aspects are important for libraries: digital map production, digital access and digital archiving.

Göran Bäärnhielm

1999-04-01

100

Developing Digital Library: A Model for Kwara State Polytechnic Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Advancement in development of Information and Communication Technology as engendered by invention of Internet has fundamentally altered the ways libraries accomplish their traditional missions of selecting, organizing, preserving, and providing access to information. This paper mainly focuses on planning, designing and management of Digital library. It covers mission and scope, time frame, evaluation, assessment and infrastructures required. The paper also discusses the needs for Digital libr...

Raji, Ayodele Kamaldeen; Agboola, Oladiran Matins; Abiodun, Emmanuel Taye; Abdulrahman, Tosho Abdullahi

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Educating Digital Citizens  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital citizenship is how educators, citizens, and parents can teach where the lines of cyber safety and ethics are in the interconnected online world their students will inhabit. Aside from keeping technology users safe, digital citizenship also prepares students to survive and thrive in an environment embedded with information, communication,…

Tan, Thomas

2011-01-01

102

Collections Digitization Framework: A Service-oriented Approach to Digitization in Academic Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With advances in information technologies, academic libraries are now in a position to offer collections digitization services beyond campus communities. By mobilizing digitization to off-campus communities, academic libraries can reposition themselves as responsive and relevant in the face of a changing digital services landscape. This will also help academic libraries create unique opportunities to access and share hidden knowledge embedded within local and remote communities with rich intellectual traditions. This article proposes a service-oriented framework for academic libraries to reimagine and mobilize collections digitization as part of broader library services. The proposed Collections Digitization Framework is based on the Service Framework for Digital Libraries developed by the Digital Library Federation, whereby digitization activities have been formalized into discrete processes and functions. The issues and challenges that academic libraries may face in mobilizing digitization services are also discussed in the context of a collaborative community digitization initiative undertaken by two Canadian academic libraries.

Karim Tharani

2012-12-01

103

Are Malaysian Students Ready to Be Authors of Digital Contents? A Case Study of Digital Library Stakeholders’ Readiness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper reports on a study that ascertains the factors facilitating students to utilize digital libraries for educational purposes. The study investigates students ICT readiness, usage of online resources and information seeking behaviour of secondary school students with the specific goal of applying the results to the design of a collaborative digital library for school projects. The digital library has been conceived to support resource needs of these students as well provide the space for them to publish their school projects, which are currently submitted handwritten. The study uses the case study approach and an urban secondary school in Malaysia is chosen as the case school. Findings from a survey and focus group interviews indicate that the students are ready to collaboratively build the digital library resources as evidenced by students digital library readiness score of 31.4/40.

Abrizah Abdullah

2007-09-01

104

A Coleção Linhares em meio digital / Linhares Collection digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O Projeto "Criação da Biblioteca Digital Linhares", elaborado por pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, teve como objetivo conceber e implementar metodologia para preservar e dar acesso à Coleção Linhares, constituída por jornais, revistas e panfletos publicados em Belo Horiz [...] onte e colecionados por Joaquim Nabuco Linhares desde 1895, até a sua morte em 1945. Foi adquirida a preço simbólico pela UFMG, em 1976, e depositada na Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. A coleção, considerada de grande importância para a história da imprensa de Belo Horizonte, se encontrava em acelerado processo de deterioração. A biblioteca digital foi construída com base na proposta metodológica do processo híbrido, que preconiza a utilização da microfilmagem para preservar o acervo e a digitalização, via microfilme, para proporcionar o acesso. O projeto foi desenvolvido de forma colaborativa, envolvendo pesquisadores e servidores da Escola de Ciência da Informação, do Departamento de História e da Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. Disponível em: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br Abstract in english Linhares Digital Library Project, carried out by researchers and technical staff of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG, aimed the development and implementation of a digital library methodology to provide access and preservation for newspapers, magazines and pamphlets published in Belo Horizo [...] nte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collected by Joaquim Linhares, since his early youth in 1895, to his death in 1945. The collection was acquired by UFMG from Linhares' inheritors, at a nominal sum and deposited at the University Library. The importance of the collection for the history of Belo Horizonte's press has been highly emphasized by many scholars in the last decades, but the materials had been seriously affected by paper acidity and human damages. The digital library took the hybrid process format: microfilming of the materials to guarantee the preservation aspect and also, the digitalization from the microfilms to provide access. Available at: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br

Vilma Moreira dos, Santos; Silvana Aparecida Silva dos, Santos; Luiz Henrique dos, Santos.

2011-12-01

105

Developoing a Review Rubric for Learning Resources in Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the past 10-15 years, educational digital libraries (DLs) have acquired online learning resources of varying levels of granularity (e.g., from images to entire lessons) and of varying sources of authorship (e.g., grant-funded subject matter experts; K12 teachers; graduate students). The challenge is to balance collecting and providing access to online learning resources while maintaining a level of resource quality that distinguishes DLs from internet search engines. In response, many ed...

Leary, Heather; Giersch, Sarah; Walker, Andrew; Recker, Mimi

2009-01-01

106

Developing a Review Rubric for Learning Resources in Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes the development of a review rubric for learning resources in the context of the Instructional Architect (IA), a web-based authoring tool. We describe the motivation for developing a review rubric, the process for creating it by synthesizing the rubrics of other education-related digital libraries, and the results of testing the rubric with teachers. Analysis of usability and reliability indicates that the review rubric influences how teachers design online learning resour...

Leary, Heather; Giersch, Sarah; Walker, Andrew; Recker, Mimi

2009-01-01

107

Developing Digital Library: A Model for Kwara State Polytechnic Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Advancement in development of Information and Communication Technology as engendered by invention of Internet has fundamentally altered the ways libraries accomplish their traditional missions of selecting, organizing, preserving, and providing access to information. This paper mainly focuses on planning, designing and management of Digital library. It covers mission and scope, time frame, evaluation, assessment and infrastructures required. The paper also discusses the needs for Digital library, basic facilities to keep the technology functioning and enhancement of user awareness. A Local Area Network (LAN setup is proposed for Kwara State Polytechnic. Estimated cost of hardware and software requirements is also provided.

Raji, Ayodele Kamaldeen

2013-02-01

108

Special Section: First Annual VTLS Library Director's Conference--Linking Multimedia Digital Libraries: Where We Are, Where We're Going.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes seven articles that report on the 1991 library director's conference sponsored by VTLS Inc. Highlights include linking multimedia digital libraries; NREN (National Research and Education Network) and CNI (Coalition for Networked Information); the role of NCLIS (National Commission on Libraries and Information Sciences): library

Scheid, Barbara L.; And Others

1992-01-01

109

DLESE Teaching Box Pilot Project: Developing a Replicable Model for Collaboratively Creating Innovative Instructional Sequences Using Exemplary Resources in the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE)  

Science.gov (United States)

Before the advent of digital libraries, it was difficult for teachers to find suitable high-quality resources to use in their teaching. Digital libraries such as DLESE have eased the task by making high quality resources more easily accessible and providing search mechanisms that allow teachers to 'fine tune' the criteria over which they search. Searches tend to return lists of resources with some contextualizing information. However, teachers who are teaching 'out of discipline' or who have minimal training in science often need additional support to know how to use and sequence them. The Teaching Box Pilot Project was developed to address these concerns, bringing together educators, scientists, and instructional designers in a partnership to build an online framework to fully support innovative units of instruction about the Earth system. Each box integrates DLESE resources and activities, teaching tips, standards, concepts, teaching outcomes, reviews, and assessment information. Online templates and best practice guidelines are being developed that will enable teachers to create their own boxes or customize existing ones. Two boxes have been developed so far, one on weather for high school students, and one on the evidence for plate tectonics for middle schoolers. The project has met with significant enthusiasm and interest, and we hope to expand it by involving individual teachers, school systems, pre-service programs, and universities in the development and use of teaching boxes. A key ingredient in the project's success has been the close collaboration between the partners, each of whom has brought unique experiences, perspectives, knowledge, and skills to the project. This first effort involved teachers in the San Francisco Bay area, the University of California Museum of Paleontology, San Francisco State University, U.S. Geological Survey, and DLESE. This poster will allow participants to explore one of the teaching boxes. We will discuss how the boxes were developed, the conditions that engendered successful collaboration and high-quality results, lessons learned, and potential adaptations for networks of user communities, for example, in ocean education or seismology.

Weingroff, M.

2004-12-01

110

Interest-based Recommendation in Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With the huge amount and large variety of information available in a digital library, it?s becoming harder and harder for users to identify and get hold of their interested documents. To alleviate the difficulty, personalized recommendation techniques have been developed. Current recommendation techniques rely on similarity between documents. In our work, recommendations are made based on three factors: similarity between documents, information amount, and information nov...

Yan Yang; Li, Jian Z.

2005-01-01

111

Management of the Life Cycle of Digital Library Materials  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper does not deal in any detail with digital preservation, rather it examines the development of digital content and digital libraries in the broader content of digital developments and library developments. Implicit throughout this is the need to create or acquire digital content for long-term access, which means that preservation needs must be foregrounded at all stages of the digital lifecycle.

Marilyn Deegan

2001-07-01

112

Java-based architecture for digital library data storage  

Science.gov (United States)

The Alexandria Digital Library Project has been tasked with the goal of building a digital geographical library. To meet these requirements we have designed and prototyped an intelligent data store to store its holdings; the library's map, image, and geographical data are viewed as a collection of distributed objects. Developed suing the Java language, the Data Store was designed to address the problems associated with digital library storage: interoperability, extensibility, distribution, and elimination of server bottlenecks.

Wu, Daniel; Agrawal, Divyakant; El Abbadi, Amr; Singh, Ambuj K.

1996-11-01

113

Digital libraries philosophies, technical design considerations, and example scenarios  

CERN Document Server

An unparalleled overview of current design considerations for your digital library! Digital Libraries: Philosophies, Technical Design Considerations, and Example Scenarios is a balanced overview of public services, collection development, administration, and systems support, for digital libraries, with advice on adopting the latest technologies that appear on the scene. As a professional in the library and information science field, you will benefit from this special issue that serves as an overview of selected directions, trends, possibilities, limitations, enhancements, design principals, an

Stern, David

1999-01-01

114

NCore: Architecture and Implementation of a Flexible, Collaborative Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

NCore is an open source architecture and software platform for creating flexible, collaborative digital libraries. NCore was developed by the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) project, and it serves as the central technical infrastructure for NSDL. NCore consists of a central Fedora-based digital repository, a specific data model, an API, and a set of backend services and frontend tools that create a new model for collaborative, contributory digital libraries. This pap...

Krafft, Dean B.; Birkland, Aaron; Cramer, Ellen J.

2008-01-01

115

Usage Analysis for the Identification of Research Trends in Digital Libraries; Keepers of the Crumbling Culture: What Digital Preservation Can Learn from Library History; Patterns of Journal Use by Scientists through Three Evolutionary Phases; Developing a Content Management System-Based Web Site; Exploring Charging Models for Digital Cultural Heritage in Europe; Visions: The Academic Library in 2012.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that discuss use analysis and research trends in digital libraries; library history and digital preservation; journal use by scientists; a content management system-based Web site for higher education in the United Kingdom; cost studies for transitioning to digitized collections in European cultural institutions; and the…

Bollen, Johan; Vemulapalli, Soma Sekara; Xu, Weining; Luce, Rick; Marcum, Deanna; Friedlander, Amy; Tenopir, Carol; Grayson, Matt; Zhang, Yan; Ebuen, Mercy; King, Donald W.; Boyce, Peter; Rogers, Clare; Kirriemuir, John; Tanner, Simon; Deegan, Marilyn; Marcum, James W.

2003-01-01

116

Lost Identity: The Assimilation of Digital Libraries into the Web  

Science.gov (United States)

The idea of Digital Libraries emerged in the early 1990s from a vision of a "library of the future", without walls and open 24 hours a day. These digital libraries would leverage the substantial investments of federal funding in the Internet and advanced computing for the benefit of the entire population. The world's knowledge would be a key press…

Lagoze, Carl Jay

2010-01-01

117

Digital Libraries as Instructional Aids for Knowledge Construction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes how the Alexandria Digital Earth Prototype (ADEPT), a large-scale digital library project, can be used to assist college instructors in designing lessons. Examines two instructional aspects of digital libraries: personalized knowledge bases (the knowledge of any domain), and structured views of the knowledge base (a subset of the…

Mayer, Richard E.; Smith, Terrence R.; Borgman, Christine L.; Smart, Laura J.

2002-01-01

118

Educational power of public libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Education services also define the activities of Slovene public libraries. In planning targeted services they are often faced with development lagging. The accelerated progress in this field also reminds them of their lagging and points to a very uneven development and quality level of library activities in the various environments they are centered in. Perhaps due to such conditions public libraries do not excell in developing activities to satisfy education needs of their users. Even so, some successful cases point to the fact that libraries know how to act and could be successful under suitable conditions. The article presents an overview on how the law-defined needs for liferlong education (learning, education of users and information literacy, are meet through aquisition policies and through the realisation of different events taking into account the various levels of literacy of the participating population. The analysis of available reports and data point to the fact that libraries could be more successful if supported by increased expert help backed by financial aid.

Silva Novljan

2004-01-01

119

Status of information resource organization in Iranian digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research aimed to determine the status of information resource organization in Iranian digital libraries. The research method was analytical survey. Researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect data in order to study the status of research population about information resources organization. In fact, 38 Iranian digital libraries were made research population of this research. Findings showed that studied digital library applications have many capabilities to organize information resources. Some of these capabilities are relation between bibliographic records and related records in documentation format, Using Z39.50 in client side, allows entering group of resources, and so on. Moreover, digital libraries have a lot of chaos in organizing information resources. For instance, digital libraries just fill title, author, subject, publisher, year of publication, author (added entity in more than 70 percent for Farsi book database. This status is not demonstrated for other databases in digital libraries.

Hamed Alipour-Hafezi

2014-03-01

120

XML : Will it Change The Future of Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A study about eXtensible Mark up Language (XML and its applications in digital libraries, it begins with definition XML and its history and generations, then it defines the applications of XML in libraries at: libraries' web sites designing, electronic publishing, bibliographic data management, and views some real experiments about using XML in libraries.

Heba A. Sattar Moselhy

2004-06-01

 
 
 
 
121

Can library use enhance intercultural education?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article explores the questions to what extent educational research addresses library use in education and how the library can contribute to intercultural education. The focus is primarily on elementary education in Europe. Analysis of research publications was based on searches for peer-reviewed journals in international databases, literary reviews and empirical studies. The findings indicate that research on library use and library resources is under-researched in educational research, ...

Pihl, Joron

2012-01-01

122

Building a Digital Library for Multibeam Data, Images and Documents  

Science.gov (United States)

The Scripps Institution of Oceanography, the UCSD Libraries and the San Diego Supercomputing Center have joined forces to establish a digital library for accessing a wide range of multibeam and marine geophysical data, to a community that ranges from the MGG researcher to K-12 outreach clients. This digital library collection will include 233 multibeam cruises with grids, plots, photographs, station data, technical reports, planning documents and publications, drawn from the holdings of the Geological Data Center and the SIO Archives. Inquiries will be made through an Ocean Exploration Console, reminiscent of a cockpit display where a multitude of data may be displayed individually or in two or three-dimensional projections. These displays will provide access to cruise data as well as global databases such as Global Topography, crustal age, and sediment thickness, thus meeting the day-to-day needs of researchers as well as educators, students, and the public. The prototype contains a few selected expeditions, and a review of the initial approach will be solicited from the user community during the poster session. The search process can be focused by a variety of constraints: geospatial (lat-lon box), temporal (e.g., since 1996), keyword (e.g., cruise, place name, PI, etc.), or expert-level (e.g., K-6 or researcher). The Storage Resource Broker (SRB) software from the SDSC manages the evolving collection as a series of distributed but related archives in various media, from shipboard data through processing and final archiving. The latest version of MB-System provides for the systematic creation of standard metadata, and for the harvesting of metadata from multibeam files. Automated scripts will be used to load the metadata catalog to enable queries with an Oracle database management system. These new efforts to bridge the gap between libraries and data archives are supported by the NSF Information Technology and National Science Digital Library (NSDL) programs, augmented by UC funds, and closely coordinated with Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) activities.

Miller, S. P.; Staudigel, H.; Koppers, A.; Johnson, C.; Cande, S.; Sandwell, D.; Peckman, U.; Becker, J. J.; Helly, J.; Zaslavsky, I.; Schottlaender, B. E.; Starr, S.; Montoya, G.

2001-12-01

123

Metadata In, Library Out. A Simple, Robust Digital Library System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tired of being held hostage to expensive systems that did not meet our needs, the University of Alabama Libraries developed an XML schema-agnostic, light-weight digital library delivery system based on the principles of "Keep It Simple, Stupid!" Metadata and derivatives reside in openly accessible web directories, which support the development of web agents and new usability software, as well as modification and complete retrieval at any time. The file name structure is echoed in the file system structure, enabling the delivery software to make inferences about relationships, sequencing, and complex object structure without having to encapsulate files in complex metadata schemas. The web delivery system, Acumen, is built of PHP, JSON, JavaScript and HTML5, using MySQL to support fielded searching. Recognizing that spreadsheets are more user-friendly than XML, an accompanying widget, Archivists Utility, transforms spreadsheets into MODS based on rules selected by the user. Acumen, Archivists Utility, and all supporting software scripts will be made available as open source.

Tonio Loewald

2010-06-01

124

Biblioteca digital de peças teatrais / Digital library of theater plays  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais - BDTeatro é um projeto para preservação, formatação, armazenamento e disseminação de Peças Teatrais. Este projeto foi desenvolvido pela Faculdade de Computação, Faculdade de Artes, Filosofia e Ciências Sociais e Biblioteca Central da Universidade Federal de Uber [...] lândia - UFU. A Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) forneceu parte do suporte financeiro para o PROJETO. BDTeatro foi proposto para resolver os problemas de preservação e disseminação de uma coleção com aproximadamente 800 peças teatrais em papel. Esta coleção apresenta sinais de deterioração e sua digitalização foi a motivação deste projeto. Adicionalmente, a ausência de um catálogo on-line e de um processo automatizado para pesquisa de informações na coleção também motivou o projeto. Este artigo descreve o desenvolvimento da Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais, onde foi usada uma perspectiva interdisciplinar de trabalho, garantindo desta maneira, padrões de qualidade no processo de construção do catálogo, na entrada dos dados e nos mecanismos de pesquisa de informações na coleção. Abstract in english Digital Library of Theater Plays - BDTeatro is a project for preservation, formatting, storage, and dissemination of theater plays. This project was developed by the School of Computation, School of Philosophy, Arts, and Social Science, and Central Library of Federal University of Uberlândia(UFU). T [...] he Foundation to Research Support of the Minas Gerais State (FAPEMIG ) provided partial financial support for the project. BDTeatro was proposed to deal with problems of preservation and dissemination of a collection with approximately eight hundred paper-based theater plays. This collection presents signs of deterioration and its digitalization has motivated this project. Besides, the absence of an on-line catalogue and an automated process to search information in the collection has also motivated the project. This paper describes the development of the Digital Library of Theater Plays where an interdisciplinary perspective of work was used, assuring this way standards of quality in the process of building up the catalog, in text data entrance and in mechanisms of searching by information in the collection.

Angela Maria, Silva; Ilmério Reis, Silva; Luiz Humberto Martins, Arantes.

2004-08-01

125

Quality and Performance Evaluation of Digital Libraries in Romania  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries are an integrant part of the national informational system and strategic institutes ensuring access to any kind of information. In the last decade, in Romania, different actions were undertaken and important resources were been used in order to develop digital libraries that can be accessed by IT and C systems, especially via Internet. Until now, the projects and other development initiatives for digital libraries – especially those financed through budgetary funds – did not focus on the evaluation of satisfaction degree for the on-line library users or fulfilling their quality needs at a performance level (efficiency, effectiveness and utility adequate with the on-line library provided service. One of the main contributions of this paper is the identifications of relationships between the importance of digital library evaluation criteria and present evaluation of digital libraries in Romania.

Agnes Erich

2010-01-01

126

Metadata Harvesting in Regional Digital Libraries in the PIONIER Network  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The paper aims to present the concept of the functionality of metadata harvesting for regional digital libraries, based on the OAI-PMH protocol. This functionality is a part of regional digital libraries platform created in Poland. The platform was required to reach one of main objectives of the Polish PIONIER Programme--to enrich the…

Mazurek, Cezary; Stroinski, Maciej; Werla, Marcin; Weglarz, Jan

2006-01-01

127

NYPL Digital Library: Cigarette Cards: ABCs  

Science.gov (United States)

Back when smoking was a bit more socially acceptable, it was fairly easy to find elaborate cigarette or tobacco cards attached to premium tobacco products that depicted film stars, the sporting life, plants, animals, monuments, and military-related ephemera. For the most part, these cards featured illustrations on one side with related information and text on the other. This rather amazing digital collection from the New York Public Library features thousands of these cards, culled from over six decades. Visitors can start their journey through the collection by reading the brief introductory history and then by browsing through the various series. Using the source guide, visitors can take a look at series that include "children with rosy cheeks", "caricatures of famous cricketers", and "fortune telling".

128

SEARCH ENGINE TECHNOLOGY: DIGITAL LIBRARY PERSPECTIVE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper introduces the navigation of digital libraries .and reviews most prominent problems confronting retrieval engine like multiple content sources, distributed documents problem. multiple language problem, inaccurate queries problem and availability of classification schemes problem etc it traces various solutions in terms of technologies developed for search engine retrieval like Mew data extraction by various methods viz automatic extraction of words, structural analysis, normalization of existing Meta data, using external reference data and citation analysis etc. It explores equal ranking elaborating test runs with representative queries etc besides dealing with proper treatment of queries which covers orthographic, morphological and vocabulary variation . Discussion on data aggregation resorting to distributed documents is given along with a glimpse of future direction.

S M Shafi

2006-06-01

129

Aviation Education Multimedia Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Purdue University is well-known for their various engineering programs, and they have also distinguished themselves through their work in aeronautical engineering research and practice. This website is designed to provide instructional materials for aviation educators, and one can imagine that such materials might work well in classroom slide presentations as well as for students who might be seeking a visual aid. The materials are basically organized in one long continuous list, and visitors can just scroll through them at their leisure. Among these materials, visitors will find photographs of landing gear equipment, squat switches, crush plates, and the tell-tale corroded electrical terminal. Finally, in their "General Materials" area, visitors can look over a presentation on turbocharger systems and consider a presentation on engine theory.

130

A handbook of digital library economics operations, collections and services  

CERN Document Server

This book provides a companion volume to Digital Library Economics and focuses on the 'how to' of managing digital collections and services (of all types) with regard to their financing and financial management. The emphasis is on case studies and practical examples drawn from a wide variety of contexts. A Handbook of Digital Library Economics is a practical manual for those involved - or expecting to be involved - in the development and management of digital libraries.provides practical approach to the subjectfocuses on the challenges associated with the economic and financial aspects of digi

Baker, David P

2013-01-01

131

Integrating print and digital resources in library collections  

CERN Document Server

Get informed answers to your questions and concerns about integrating the materials in your library's collectionLibrary collections have always included materials in many formats?handling a mix of material types is an accepted part of library work. And in recent years, the very concept of ?collection? has been significantly redefined by the addition of electronic resources. But are print and digital materials really merged in library collections or are they treated and maintained as separate entities? Integrating Print and Digital Resources in Library Collections examines a variety

Katz, Linda S

2013-01-01

132

Plagiarism-detection framework for digital libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

In digital libraries, documents are in digital forms and they are especially vulnerable from being copied. Existing copy detection methods exhaustively compare every single sentence of two documents and identify the degree of overlapping of the two documents. This approach is not scalable as the number of sentences for each document is often plentiful. In this paper, we propose a copy detection mechanism which could eliminate unnecessary comparisons. This is achieved by pre-parsing the documents to quantify their semantic meanings; comparisons between documents describing different topics could be eliminated s it will not serve any purpose to copy from a document describing an unrelated topic. This process is recursively applied to sections, subsections, subsubsections, etc. until we find two paragraphs which are highly related semantically. The paragraphs are then compared in detail, i.e., per-sentence basis, to determine if the paragraphs are overlapped in a substantive way. The parsing process is based on document retrieval techniques with some helpful heuristics that extract keywords from the documents to index the semantics for each document, section, subsection, and so forth. Weights based on relative occurrences of the keywords are assigned to individual keywords to form a keyword vector. The semantic relationships between different documents, sections, subsections, or paragraphs can be represented by the dot product of their corresponding keyword vectors as in document retrieval systems.

Si, Antonio; Lau, Rynson W.; Leong, Hong V.

1996-09-01

133

Collaborative Real-time Digital Reference Services in Academic Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The real-time digital reference service is valued by most academic librarians in United States. To make the collaborative real-time digital reference service viable in academic library service, the libraries need to understand the information seeking behavior of potential users and to train the staff well. The participating libraries also need to coordinate the following issues in advance: quality control, question routing, network standards, cultural and political sensitivities, communication, copyright, and marketing. [Article content in Chinese

Shiao-Feng Su

2004-03-01

134

Application of concept of services marketing in digital library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper discusses the application of conventional concept of services marketing in digital library in modern era. The aim of this study to attempt to correlate marketing as a concept to the provision of digital library services. The unique characteristics of information products may demand a new approach to marketing defined as information marketing. In view of the social, economic and technological changes, Library and Information centers have begun to realize that marketing of informatio...

Sahu, Ashok Kumar; Mahapatra, Rabindra Kumar

2006-01-01

135

Indirect Geospatial Referencing through Place Names in the Digital Library: Alexandria Digital Library Experience with Developing and Implementing Gazetteers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the development by the Alexandria Digital Library of a gazetteer (dictionary of geographic names) composed of a Gazetteer Content Standard, a Feature Type Thesaurus, and an operational interactive gazetteer service. Illustrates the use of this tool in a georeferenced digital library and relates progress in working with Federal agencies…

Hill, Linda L.; Zheng, Qi

1999-01-01

136

Can Library Use Enhance Intercultural Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the questions to what extent educational research addresses library use in education and how the library can contribute to intercultural education. The focus is primarily on elementary education in Europe. Analysis of research publications was based on searches for peer-reviewed journals in international databases, literary…

Pihl, Joron

2012-01-01

137

Launching Discovery through a Digital Library Portal: SIOExplorer  

Science.gov (United States)

The launching of an oceanographic expedition has its own brand of excitement, with the sound of the main engines firing up, and the lifting of the gangway in a foreign port, as the team of scientists and crew sets out for a month at sea with only the resources they have aboard. Although this adventure is broadly appealing, very few have the privilege of actually joining an expedition. With the "SIOExplorer" family of projects we are now beginning to open this experience across cyberspace to a wide range of students and teachers. What began two years ago as an effort to stabilize the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) data archives from more than 700 cruises going back 50 years, has now become an operational component of the National Science Digital Library (NSDL; www.nsdl.org), complete with thousands of historic photographs, full text documents and 3D visualization experiences. Our initial emphasis has been on marine geology and geophysics, in particular multibeam seafloor mapping, including 2 terabytes of digital objects. The IT architecture implemented at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) streamlines the integration of additional projects in other disciplines with a suite of metadata management and collection building tools for "arbitrary digital objects." The "CruiseViewer" Java application is the primary portal to the digital library, providing a graphical user and display interface, the interface with the metadata database, and the interface with the SDSC "Storage Resource Broker" for long-term bulk distributed data storage management. It presents the user with a view of the available objects, overlaid on a global topography map. Geospatial objects can be selected interactively, and searches can be constrained by keywords. Metadata can be browsed and objects can be viewed onscreen or downloaded for further analysis, with automatic proprietary-hold request management. These efforts will be put to the test with national teacher workshops in the next two summers. Teachers, in collaboration with SIO-graduate students, will prepare and field-test learning-experience modules that explore concepts from plate tectonics theory for classroom and web use. Students will design their own personal voyages of discovery through our digital archives, promoting inquiry-based learning tailored to each individual. Future education and outreach efforts will include 1) developing a global registry of seafloor research or education projects (academic, industry, government), allowing at least a URL and a contact for further information 2) adding new collections, including dredged rocks and cores, 3) interoperating with other international data collections, 4) interacting with education and outreach projects such as the California Center for Ocean Science Education Excellence (COSEE), 5) continued testing of a real-time stand-alone digital library on a laptop shipboard acquisition system, 6) enhanced use of real-time Real-time Observatories, Applications, and Data management Network (ROADnet) satellite links to SIO vessels, and 7) continued construction of a series of museum exhibits based on digital terrain models. Now that SIOExplorer has become operational, we look forward to collaborating with other institutions for data and technology exchange, as well as for education and outreach opportunities. Support is provided by NSF NSDL, ITR and OCE programs, as well as by UCSD funds.

Miller, S. P.; Staudigel, H.; Johnson, C.; McSherry, K.; Clark, D.; Peckman, U.; Helly, J.; Sutton, D.; Chase, A.; Schottlaender, B. E.; Day, D.; Helly, M.

2003-12-01

138

Academic library user survey: Faculty of Education Library in Osijek  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents some results of the user study, conducted in 1998, among the users of the Osijek Faculty of Education Library. The objective of the study was to determine the scope of library usage, the degree of users’ dis/satisfaction with library services, holdings and the staff. The results indicate that there are differences in library usage between two main user groups – students and teachers. They differ, among other things, in the objectives of library visits, the scope of library usage, the degree of satisfaction with the library and its services, the familiarisation and the level of usage of information technology.Differences in behaviour between these two groups indicate the necessity of a different approach by the library personnel, e.g. intensified work on students’ education.The analysis of the questionnaire leads to the following conclusions:1. Two main user groups of the Faculty of Education Library differ in their requests and needs.2. The degree of dis/satisfaction depends on the group the user belongs to.3. Library users from the fields of arts and humanities, and natural sciences, use information technology to the same degree.

Kornelija Petr

2001-01-01

139

Significance of Web 2.0 in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The rapid development of Information and Communication Technologies has provided a well sophisticated environment to develop the digital libraries. A digital library is a large-scale, organized collection of complex and dynamic multimedia information and knowledge, and tools and methods to enable search, manipulation and presentation of this information and knowledge via Internet. User-Centered approach for the digital libraries would increase its usage [1]. Web 2.0 technologies provide better user-centered services with rich user experience for Web applications. Hence this paper deals with the significance of Web 2.0 in building of digital libraries and presents the architecture of Web 2.0 enabled user interface system for DSpace digital repository.

Hanumat G. Sastry,

2010-09-01

140

Building Relationships through a Digital Branch Library: Finding the Community in Community College Library Websites  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates whether or not community college libraries have in place the characteristics necessary to develop digital branch libraries to meet the expanding and changing needs of their publics. Using Hon and Grunig's (1999) relationship building criteria as a framework, 98 community college library websites were analyzed to determine…

Pampaloni, Andrea M.; Bird, Nora J.

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Working in a digital world: new leadership practices for the development of a digital library workforce  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os progressos da biblioteca digital são parte de um movimento global em muitos setores da sociedade rumo ao trabalho virtual e serviços eletrônicos disponibilizados pelos avanços da tecnologia da informação. Este ambiente requer novas atitudes e habilidades na força de trabalho e, por isso, líderes [...] que compreendam as mudanças por que passa a economia da informação e como tratar e desenvolver tal força de trabalho. Este artigo explora métodos para desenvolver os recursos humanos e estimular a criatividade para capitalizar o imenso potencial das bibliotecas digitais no sentido de educar e fortalecer a mudança social. Há uma falta de trabalhadores tecnicamente habilitados e, acima de tudo, de inovadores. Retenção e recrutamento são um dos maiores obstáculos ao avanço dos serviços da biblioteca digital e aos produtos de informação. Abstract in english Digital library developments are part of a global move in many sectors of society toward virtual work and electronic services made possible by the advances in information technology. This environment requires new attitudes and skills in the workforce and therefore leaders who understand the global c [...] hanges underlying the new information economy and how to lead and develop such a workforce. This article explores ways to develop human resources and stimulate creativity to capitalize on the immense potential of digital libraries to educate and empower social change. There is a shortage of technically skilled workers and even more so of innovators. Retention and recruitment is one of the greatest obstacles to developing digital library services and information products.

Johann van, Reenen.

142

Using Query Mediators for Distributed Searching in Federated Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

We describe an architecture and investigate the characteristics of distributed searching in federated digital libraries. We introduce the notion of a query mediator as a digital library service responsible for selecting among available search engines, routing queries to those search engines, and aggregating results. We examine operational data from the NCSTRL distributed digital library that reveals a number of characteristics of distributed resource discovery. These include availability and response time of indexers and the distinction between the query mediator view of these characteristics and the indexer view.

Dushay, N; Lagoze, C; Dushay, Naomi; French, James C.; Lagoze, Carl

1999-01-01

143

An Investigation of Supporting Courses for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to the increasingly growing Internet, many countries take a serious look at the new information carrier. Few years ago, National Science Foundation (NSF of USA initiated research projects on Digital Libraries (DL. Other countries around the world also initiated many DL research projects recently. There are some DL projects undergoing now in Taiwan. However, in the process of project execution, many project leaders find out that the students involving in these projects are not well trained. This is not because of educational quality, but the interdisciplinary characteristics of DL researches. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the supporting courses for training manpower in the field of digital library.After preliminary analysis, there is little consensus on the usage of terminology. As for the curriculum, 36 courses are suggested by professors and experts. With comparison to the current curriculum, a joint force from different departments is capable to cultivate the necessary manpower for DL projects. Only six courses need to be initiated to compensate the deficiency of the current curriculum. Due to the interdisciplinary characteristics of DL projects, this paper suggests that 20 credits is the minimal requirement for students from various fields to gain the basic knowledge and skills to involve DL projects.[Article content in Chinese

Kuang-hua Chen

1997-12-01

144

The Hybrid Library: The Focal Point of Traditional and Digital Libraries Karma Kütüphane: Dijital ve Geleneksel Kütüphanelerin Odak Noktas?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many libraries are currently experiencing a transition from traditional printbased collections to one that holds a mix of print and digital resources. This has led to the existence of so called hybrid libraries. A hybrid library conjugates elements of the traditional and the digital library. The most basic challenge is to acquire a common understanding of their defi nitions, aims, and missions. Digital and hybrid libraries are two kinds of modern libraries, defi ned as different entities. Def...

Mehdi Afzali

2008-01-01

145

LIBER's Involvement in Supporting Digital Preservation in Member Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital curation and preservation represent new challenges for universities. LIBER has invested considerable effort to engage with the new agendas of digital preservation and digital curation. Through two successful phases of the LIFE project, LIBER is breaking new ground in identifying innovative models for costing digital curation and preservation. Through LIFE’s input into the US-UK Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access, LIBER is aligned with major international work in the economics of digital preservation. In its emerging new strategy and structures, LIBER will continue to make substantial contributions in this area, mindful of the needs of European research libraries.

Paul Ayris

2009-03-01

146

Touch-Optimised Mobile Interface for Invenio Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is free software platform for digital libraries and document repositories on the web. Invenio was originally developed at CERN to power its scientific document server containing about 1 million of articles, books, photos, videos, and more.\

Tapparel, Yannick

147

Modeling a National Collaborative Digital Library for Malaysian Secondary Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes the conceptualisation of a model for a collaborative digital library specially tailored for Malaysian secondary schools, which will support classroom teaching and learning. The move towards collaboratively building the contents of a digital library is a fairly recent trend and it simulates an environment where partners are empowered to participate in building and up keeping the knowledge contents of the system. The conceptualisation of a Malaysian digital library is in line with the governments efforts in establishing SMART schools. However, various issues such as identifying local resources, ascertaining the needs of it users, and establishing a framework to meet these needs, must be addressed before the digital library can be fully implemented. It may be approached through the establishment of test beds in a particular learning institution, before nationwide implementation.

N.N. Edzan

2004-09-01

148

Digital library development : major issues of externally published contents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A library may procure contents in various sources and forms to service their clients. In the predominantly paper based erstwhile environment all these contents were put to similar types of use, and copyright restrictions were imposed based on the quantum of pages copied etc. In the electronic and digital perspective, owners of information are resorting to punitive measures regarding the use and contents in digital form. Some of the constraints faced by our libraries to engage in serious di...

Vijayakumar, J. K.; Jeevan, V. K. J.

2001-01-01

149

Criteria for Evaluating the Performance of Arabic Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research try to identify the reality and determine the criteria of evaluating the performance of Arabic digital libraries through analytical descriptive and shed light on the future of the storage and retrieval of information and make it available. In this paper the result showed the possibility of giving general information about each one of the digital libraries, also the results showed the possibility of sailing through the site to obtain the information required for research.

Jinan S. Ahmed

2014-03-01

150

Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries -- TPDL 2013 Selected Workshops  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the selected workshops co-located with the 17th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, TPDL 2013, held in Valletta, Malta, in September 2013. The volume is organized in three parts, containing the 26 revised full papers of the three workshops: Linking and Contextualizing Publications and Datasets (LCPD 2013); Supporting Users Exploration of Digital Libraries (SUEDL 2013); Moving beyond technology: iSchools and ed...

2014-01-01

151

A reference architecture for digital library systems : principles and applications  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A reference architecture for a domain provides an architectural template which can be used as a starting point for designing the software architecture of a system in that domain. Despite the popularity of tools and systems commonly termed "Digital Library" very few attempts exists to set the foundation governing their development thus making integration of reuse of third party assets and results very difficult. This paper presents a reference architecture for a Digital Library domain characte...

Candela, Leonardo; Castelli, Donatella; Pagano, Pasquale

2007-01-01

152

XSLT for Tailored Access to a Digital Video Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Informedia Project at Carnegie Mellon University has created a multi-terabyte digital video library consisting of thousands of hours of video, segmented into over 50,000 stories, or documents. Since Informedia's inception in 1994, numerous interfaces have been developed and tested for accessing this library, including work on multimedia…

Christel, Michael G.; Maher, Bryan; Begun, Andrew

153

Copyright & Risk: Scoping the Wellcome Digital Library Project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Copyright & Risk: Scoping the Wellcome Digital Library is a comprehensive case study which aims to assess the merits of the risk-managed approach to copyright clearance adopted by the Wellcome Library (WL) in the course of their pilot digitisation project Codebreakers: Makers of Modern Genetics. Whilst the WL clearly identifies as a library, as a collecting institution it extends from books and periodicals to include archives and manuscripts, art, the moving image and sound ...

Stobo, Victoria; Deazley, Ronan; Anderson, Ian G.

2013-01-01

154

Self-discovery through digital portfolios: a holistic approach to developing new library and information professionals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Library educators face ever-increasing challenges in terms of delivering a curriculum that will adequately prepare students for the dynamic digital environment they will be working in. Graduates require a balance of discipline specific knowledge and personal attributes that will enable them to transition smoothly into employment and plan their future careers. At Queensland University of Technology (QUT) the postgraduate library and information management program has introduced a whole-of-cour...

Hallam, Gillian

2008-01-01

155

Digital Curation for Science, Digital Libraries, and Individuals.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The creation, management and use of digital materials are of increasing importance for a wide range of activities. Much of the knowledge base and intellectual assets of institutions and individuals are now in digital form. The term digital curation is increasingly being used for the actions needed to add value to and maintain these digital assets over time for current and future generations of users. The paper explores this emerging field of digital curation as an area of inter-disciplinary r...

Beagrie, Neil

2006-01-01

156

Digital Education: Opportunities for Social Collaboration. Digital Education and Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

This timely collection of theoretical and applied studies examines the pedagogical potential and realities of digital technologies in a wide range of disciplinary contexts across the educational spectrum. By mixing content-based chapters with a theoretical perspective with case studies detailing actual teaching approaches utilizing digital

Thomas, Michael, Ed.

2011-01-01

157

The Alexandria Digital Library Project Review, Assessment, and Prospects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL was established in the late 1990s as a response to several perceived problems of traditional map libraries, notably access and organization. By 1999 it had evolved into an operational digital library, offering a well-defined set of services to a broad user community, based on an extensive collection of georeferenced information objects. The vision of ADL continues to evolve, as technology makes new services possible, as its users become more sophisticated and demanding, and as the broader field of geographic information science (GlScience identifies new avenues for research and application.

Michael F Goodchild

2005-01-01

158

Whole Environment Research on Distributed and Collaborative Digital and Non-digital Networked Libraries in Scotland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Centre for Digital Library Research at Strathclyde University is described and set in the context of a range of Scottish initiatives and projects, including the Scottish executive's own 'Digital Scotland'. Work is ongoing in a number of areas ranging through interoperability in distributed catalogues and related dynamic landscaping via the integration of standards-based collection descriptions databases, regional and national digital library and learning environment initiatives, and other...

Law, Derek; Nicholson, Dennis; Dunsire, Gordon

2002-01-01

159

Evaluation of Digital Libraries: A DEA Approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

A complex tool, data envelopment analysis (DEA) was used to evaluate the relative efficiency of major academic research libraries that are members of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). Results of a two-year base line study using traditional measures taken from 1995-96 ARL statistics are reported. (AEF)

Shim, Wonsik; Kantor, Paul B.

1999-01-01

160

Public Libraries, Digital Literacy and Participatory Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years public libraries have experimented with user-generated or community-contributed content through the interactive tools of Web 2.0. For some commentators this not just establishes a new relationship between libraries and their publics, but signals the end of information hegemony and an "expert paradigm". Such claims need to be…

McShane, Ian

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Cultural Dimensions of Digital Library Development, Part II: The Cultures of Innovation in Five European National Libraries (Narratives of Development)  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the narrative accounts of the beginnings of digital library programs in five European national libraries: Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library. Based on interviews with policy makers and developers of digital

Dalbello, Marija

2009-01-01

162

Danish youth education en route to digital literacy  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Denmark invests massivly in education and we pride ourselves on having a worldclass IT infrastructure. But at the same time our educational system and the libraries fail to examine the connection between information supply, learning and the new digital reality. A new strategy could be the first step in the right direction.

Kaarsted, Thomas; Andersen, Knud Holch

2013-01-01

163

Discussion on construction of scientific and technological digital library in nuclear industry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With the rapid development of digital and network technology, traditional libraries have been unable to meet the needs of the times. Digital libraries will gradually take the place of traditional libraries. Under the circumstances, how will the libraries of the enterprises in nuclear industry face this transformation? This paper gives the brief descriptions and comparative analyses in the four aspects: the definition of the digital library, the meaning of nuclear scientific and technological digital library, the characteristics of the digital library, and major problems in the construction of nuclear scientific and technological digital library that should be solved. Therefore, setting up the digital library is very important. At the same time, it's very necessary and urgent for the libraries of the enterprises in nuclear industry to establish nuclear scientific and technological digital library. (author)

164

School Libraries and the Educational Ecosystem  

Science.gov (United States)

Like the other industries the United States once dominated, higher education is facing increasing global competition. Any strengthening of K-12 education will strengthen higher education in turn. In this article, the author opines that higher education advocates should also urge Congress to include school libraries and librarians in NCLB when they…

Rettig, Jim

2009-01-01

165

NSDL: OAI and a large-scale digital library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The author presents NSF, program to move science, math, engineering education in the Unites States to digital age, focused effort to develop and model infrastructure for science education on the web. Over 80 independent grants exploring NSDL goals.

Lagoze, Carl

2002-01-01

166

Issues for bringing digital libraries into public use  

Science.gov (United States)

In much the same way that the field of artificial intelligence produced a cult which fervently believed that computers would soon think like human beings, the existence of electronic books has resurrected the paperless society as a utopian vision to some, an apocalyptic horror to others. In this essay we have attempted to provide realistic notions of what digital libraries are likely to become if they are a popular success. E-books are capable of subsuming most of the media we use today and have the potential for added functionality by being interactive. The environmental impact of having millions more computers will be offset to some degree, perhaps even exceeded, by the fact that televisions, stereos, VCR's, CD players, newspapers, magazines, and books will become part of the computer system or be made redundant. On the whole, large-scale use of digital libraries is likely to be a winning proposition. Whether or not this comes to pass depends on the directions taken by today's researchers and software developers. By involving the public, the effort being put into digital libraries can be leveraged into something which is big enough to make a real change for the better. If digital libraries remain the exclusive property of government, universities, and large research firms, then large parts of the world will remain without digital libraries for years to come, just as they have remained without digital phone service for far too long. If software companies try to scuttle the project by patenting crucial algorithms and using proprietary data formats, all of us will suffer. Let us reverse the errors of the past and create a truly open digital library system.

Flater, David W.; Yesha, Yelena

1993-01-01

167

Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

How is digital storytelling different than just plain old storytelling? Digital storytelling utilizes computer-based tools to tell stories, which is the key difference. The method is not so new, as it has been going on in earnest for two decades. This particular manifestation of digital storytelling is part of the University of Houston, and it contains a primer on the subject (the How To section), along with a range of example stories and news from the center. Educators will appreciate the Educational Materials area as it contains lesson plans, information about copyright infringement, the creation of e-books, and evaluating the success of digital storytelling projects. Additionally, the Example Stories contains over four dozen links to existing digital storytelling projects such as "Spies of the Revolutionary War!" and "Crucibles in Action".

168

Digital Preservation and Deep Infrastructure; Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Progress Report and Workplan for 2002; Video Gaming, Education and Digital Learning Technologies: Relevance and Opportunities; Digital Collections of Real World Objects; The MusArt Music-Retrieval System: An Overview; eML: Taking Mississippi Libraries into the 21st Century.  

Science.gov (United States)

One opinion piece and five articles in this issue discuss: digital preservation infrastructure; accomplishments and changes in the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative in 2001 and plans for 2002; video gaming and how it relates to digital libraries and learning technologies; overview of a music retrieval system; and the online version of the…

Granger, Stewart; Dekkers, Makx; Weibel, Stuart L.; Kirriemuir, John; Lensch, Hendrik P. A.; Goesele, Michael; Seidel, Hans-Peter; Birmingham, William; Pardo, Bryan; Meek, Colin; Shifrin, Jonah; Goodvin, Renee; Lippy, Brooke

2002-01-01

169

SUBJECTIVE CONTENT ACCESSIBILITY USING DATABASE APPROACH FOR DIGITAL LIBRARY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today’s digital library is a massive collection of various types and categories of documents. The existing search engines do not provide subjective search from the collection, as no information about context is stored. The existing search engine mostly uses the agent based search then the database based search. The database search is simpler easier but static verses dynamic Web. The work shows how database become dynamic, subjective and search query becomes simpler. The subjective and context based search is necessity of searchingin Digital Library. The user who may be researcher, students, and even common person expect subject or context and need content accessibility precise and subject specific. This paper presents the topic-word specific subjective search using the database approach in digital library, by data mining technique in warehouse.

Sachin yele

2011-03-01

170

The Marine Realms Information Bank family of digital libraries: access to free online information for coastal and marine science  

Science.gov (United States)

Searching the World Wide Web for reliable information about specific topics or locations can be frustrating: too many hits, too little relevance. A well-designed digital library, offering a carefully selected collection of online resources, is an attractive alternative to web search engines. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides three digital libraries for coastal and marine science to serve the needs of a diverse audience--scientists, public servants, educators, and the public.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2007-01-01

171

Application of Data Mining Technology in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the rapid development of computer technology and network technology, it ushers in a new Internet era characterized by information and knowledge. There is an urgent need for a new generation of technologies and methods to help exploit the treasures of information, and to be refined, so as to become useful knowledge. Data mining is the core part of knowledge discovery. Its techniques and methods have great application space and value in the digital library. Data mining technology can help people to develop vast amounts of information in depth, extract the inherent link of the heterogeneous information to promote the digital library. This paper describes technologies relating with data mining, introduces the process of data mining, illustrates the main features, explores applications of three aspects in the digital library, indicates application meaning, analyzes the key problems of implementation in digital libraries, and finally take a study case on analysis of low utilization readers in Linyi university library by decision tree algorithm.

Mei Zhang

2011-04-01

172

Publishing Security Policy of Digital Librarys Sensitive Data  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In order to improve the publishing security level of sensitive data of digital librarys virtualization community, this study uses security grouping strategy of graph clustering to group users sensitive data, greatly improves the security of releasing sensitive data. This article first summarized digital librarys application service structure, introduced distribution system of sensitive data simply, detailed analyzed the related definitions of security grouping of the graph clustering and calculation method of generalization information loss, finally got available sensitive data. Experimental results show that anti-attack of sensitive data processed by the policy has been improved significantly, has certain research value.

Hongxia Li

2013-01-01

173

The ARTstor Digital Library: A case study in Collection Building  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

ARTstor is a non-profit initiative, founded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. ARTstor’s mission is to use digital technology to enhance scholarship, teaching and learning in the arts and associated fields. In pursuing this goal in collaboration with others, ARTstor is developing – and will continually expand – a library of digital images and accompanying information, in order to support the needs of scholars, teachers and students. ARTstor works closely with content providers as well ...

Marmor, Max

2006-01-01

174

Public Access to Digital Material; A Call to Researchers: Digital Libraries Need Collaboration across Disciplines; Greenstone: Open-Source Digital Library Software; Retrieval Issues for the Colorado Digitization Project's Heritage Database; Report on the 5th European Conference on Digital Libraries, ECDL 2001; Report on the First Joint Conference on Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

These six articles discuss various issues relating to digital libraries. Highlights include public access to digital materials; intellectual property concerns; the need for collaboration across disciplines; Greenstone software for construction and presentation of digital information collections; the Colorado Digitization Project; and conferences…

Kahle, Brewster; Prelinger, Rick; Jackson, Mary E.; Boyack, Kevin W.; Wylie, Brian N.; Davidson, George S.; Witten, Ian H.; Bainbridge, David; Boddie, Stefan J.; Garrison, William A.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Borgman, Christine L.; Hessel, Heather

2001-01-01

175

El mundo matemático digital: el proyecto WDML (World Digital Mathematics Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We describe the digitization process of the mathematical literature in the framework of the projects WDML and DML-E.Describimos el proceso de digitalización de la literatura matemática de investigación en el marco del proyecto WDML (World Digital Mathematics Library y del proyecto español DML-E.

Macías Virgós, Enrique

2007-06-01

176

An Integrated System for Managing the Andalusian Parliament's Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the reorganisation of the Andalusian Parliament's digital library to improve the electronic representation and access of its official corpus by taking advantage of a document's internal organisation. Video recordings of the parliamentary sessions have also been integrated with their…

de Campos, Luis M.; Fernandez-Luna, Juan M.; Huete, Juan F.; Martin-Dancausa, Carlos J.; Tagua-Jimenez, Antonio; Tur-Vigil, Carmen

2009-01-01

177

Digital Libraries, Conceptual Knowledge Systems, and the Nebula Interface  

CERN Document Server

Concept Analysis provides a principled approach to effective management of wide area information systems, such as the Nebula File System and Interface. This not only offers evidence to support the assertion that a digital library is a bounded collection of incommensurate information sources in a logical space, but also sheds light on techniques for collaboration through coordinated access to the shared organization of knowledge.

Kent, Robert E

2011-01-01

178

Three-Dimensional Extension of a Digital Library Service System  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The paper aims to provide an overall methodology and case study for the innovation and extension of a digital library, especially the service system. Design/methodology/approach: Based on the three-dimensional structure theory of the information service industry, this paper combines a comprehensive analysis with the practical experiences…

Xiao, Long

2010-01-01

179

Co-Authorship Networks in the Digital Library Research Community  

CERN Document Server

The field of digital libraries (DLs) coalesced in 1994: the first digital library conferences were held that year, awareness of the World Wide Web was accelerating, and the National Science Foundation awarded $24 Million (U.S.) for the Digital Library Initiative (DLI). In this paper we examine the state of the DL domain after a decade of activity by applying social network analysis to the co-authorship network of the past ACM, IEEE, and joint ACM/IEEE digital library conferences. We base our analysis on a common binary undirectional network model to represent the co-authorship network, and from it we extract several established network measures. We also introduce a weighted directional network model to represent the co-authorship network, for which we define $AuthorRank$ as an indicator of the impact of an individual author in the network. The results are validated against conference program committee members in the same period. The results show clear advantages of PageRank and AuthorRank over degree, closene...

Liu, X; Nelson, M L; Van de Sompel, Herbert; Liu, Xiaoming; Bollen, Johan; Nelson, Michael L.; Sompel, Herbert Van de

2005-01-01

180

Desafios na construção de uma biblioteca digital / Challenges in the construction of a digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Análise dos principais problemas que poderão ocorrer nos diversos aspectos da biblioteca universitária durante e após a implantação da biblioteca digital. Os aspectos estudados são instalações físicas; aquisição, desenvolvimento de coleções e comutação bibliográfica; catalogação, classificação e ind [...] exação; referência; preservação e tecnologia. Abstract in english Analysis of the possible major problems to be faced in several university library sectors during and after the implementation of a digital library project. The areas studied are: physical instalations, library acquisition, collection development, interlibrary loan, cataloging, classification, indexi [...] ng, reference, preservation and technology.

Murilo Bastos da, Cunha.

1999-12-01

 
 
 
 
181

The National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program; Metadata Principles and Practicalities; Challenges for Service Providers when Importing Metadata in Digital Libraries; Integrated and Aggregated Reference Services.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes 6 articles that discuss the National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program at the Library of Congress; metadata in digital libraries; integrated reference services on the Web. (LRW)

Friedlander, Amy; Duval, Erik; Hodgins, Wayne; Sutton, Stuart; Weibel, Stuart L.; McClelland, Marilyn; McArthur, David; Giersch, Sarah; Geisler, Gary; Hodgkin, Adam

2002-01-01

182

How Digital Library Services Contribute to Undergraduate Learning: An Evaluation of the “Understanding Library Impacts” Protocol  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

“Understanding Library Impacts” is a qualitative protocol designed to investigate the ways library services and resources contribute to undergraduate learning using interviews with librarians, faculty, and students. The Critical Incident Technique (CIT) is used in the student interviews to identify aspects of library services and resources that are critical to student success. The Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives is used to classify faculty goals for student learning and studen...

Rodriguez, Derek A.

2006-01-01

183

Mathematical Sciences Digital Library Loci: Convergence  

Science.gov (United States)

This online publication provides resources for teaching mathematics by using the history of the science. The website features a library of articles on the history of mathematics that is searchable by keyword or term and browseable by subject, format, or type. Advanced searching allows users to select subject, format, resource type, author. keywords, and a publishing date range. Other materials at the website include literature reviews, a portrait gallery of famous mathematicians, historic math problems, an "On This Day" feature, a quote of the day, and links to news items and featured articles.

184

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30) and the other of Variations2 (n=12). Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2...

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

185

Digital Newsletters And Educational Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

The popularization of science, as a part of Culture, has and continues to be a constant concern for the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), reflected in important actions, such as public outreach campaigns at educational institutions, open days at the Observatories, courses and conferences, exhibits, cooperation with publishing companies and awards, educational programmes, printed (IAC Noticias) and online newsletters, online scientific outreach, radio programmes (“Canarias Innova”) and attention to the media, besides the public outreach and communication of the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) and several special activities related to astronomical phenomena like eclipses, transits, comets or meteor showers. This poster introduces the digital newsletters GTC Digital and Caosyciencia, as well as the educational projects Educating in the Cosmos (Cosmoeduca) and Odyssey in Space-Time.

Del Puerto, C.; Concepción Anguita, M.; Domènech, A.; Zelman, N. R.; Ventura, L.

186

Digital Division Is Cultural Exclusion, but Is Digital Inclusion Cultural Inclusion?; We Come from Around the World and Share Similar Visions; Oksale: An Indigenous Approach to Creating a Virtual Library of Education Resources; Whose Rules? Intellectual Property, Culture and Indigenous Communities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes four articles that discuss digital technology and indigenous communities. Highlights include digitization of cultural resources; cultural instantiation in electronic media; partnerships; the needs of indigenous groups; library school students' service-based learning experiences in creating a virtual library for a tribal village; and…

Worcman, Karen; Holland, Maurita Peterson; Roy, Loriene; Larsen, Peter; Seadle, Michael

2002-01-01

187

Digital libraries and World Wide Web sites and page persistence.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web pages and Web sites, some argue, can either be collected as elements of digital or hybrid libraries, or, as others would have it, the WWW is itself a library. We begin with the assumption that Web pages and Web sites can be collected and categorized. The paper explores the proposition that the WWW constitutes a library. We conclude that the Web is not a digital library. However, its component parts can be aggregated and included as parts of digital library collections. These, in turn, can be incorporated into "hybrid libraries." These are libraries with both traditional and digital collections. Material on the Web can be organized and managed. Native documents can be collected in situ, disseminated, distributed, catalogueed, indexed, controlled, in traditional library fashion. The Web therefore is not a library, but material for library collections is selected from the Web. That said, the Web and its component parts are dynamic. Web documents undergo two kinds of change. The first type, the type addressed in this paper, is "persistence" or the existence or disappearance of Web pages and sites, or in a word the lifecycle of Web documents. "Intermittence" is a variant of persistence, and is defined as the disappearance but reappearance of Web documents. At any given time, about five percent of Web pages are intermittent, which is to say they are gone but will return. Over time a Web collection erodes. Based on a 120-week longitudinal study of a sample of Web documents, it appears that the half-life of a Web page is somewhat less than two years and the half-life of a Web site is somewhat more than two years. That is to say, an unweeded Web document collection created two years ago would contain the same number of URLs, but only half of those URLs point to content. The second type of change Web documents experience is change in Web page or Web site content. Again based on the Web document samples, very nearly all Web pages and sites undergo some form of content within the period of a year. Some change content very rapidly while others do so infrequently (Koehler, 1999a. This paper examines how Web documents can be efficiently and effectively incorporated into library collections. This paper focuses on Web document lifecycles: persistence, attrition, and intermittence. While the frequency of content change has been reported (Koehler, 1999a, the degree to which those changes effect meaning and therefore the integrity of bibliographic representation is yet not fully understood. The dynamics of change sets Web libraries apart from the traditional library as well as many digital libraries. This paper seeks then to further our understanding of the Web page and Web site lifecycle. These patterns challenge the integrity and the usefulness of libraries with Web content. However, if these dynamics are understood, they can be controlled for or managed.

Wallace Koehler

1999-01-01

188

Delivering Digital Data into the Library: The Digimap Project and its Impact on the Map Room– the Bodleian Library Experience  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper will consider the Digimap Project – its introduction into the Bodleian Library, how it has evolved, and how digital data’s arrival in the Library might influence future developments.

Nick Millea

1999-04-01

189

IEEE Xplore digital library [electronic resource].  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The content in IEEE Xplore comprises over 160 journals, over 1,200 conference proceedings, more than 3,800 technical standards, over 1,000 eBooks and over 300 educational courses. Approximately 25,000 new documents are added to IEEE Xplore each month.

190

Understanding Digital Library/Museum Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Museum Program launched by National Science Council (NSC has completed its first phase auditing at the end of 1999. The evaluation programs for DL/M at the different levels for the various purposes are highly recommended. The typical spots for DL/M evaluation include system analysis phase, prototype stage (formative evaluation, performance evaluation (summative evaluation, and for the resources management purposes -- cost-effectiveness evaluation. This paper discusses the important functions of evaluation at the different stages of system design, reviews the major DL/M evaluation projects, delineates the critical issues of DL/M evaluation program. And finally, a theoretical framework for DL/M evaluation program is suggested.[Article content in Chinese

Mei-Mei Wu

1999-12-01

191

Digital Mathematics Libraries: The Good, the Bad, the Ugly  

CERN Document Server

The idea of a World digital mathematics library (DML) has been around since the turn of the 21th century. We feel that it is time to make it a reality, starting in a modest way from successful bricks that have already been built, but with an ambitious goal in mind. After a brief historical overview of publishing mathematics, an estimate of the size and a characterisation of the bulk of documents to be included in the DML, we turn to proposing a model for a Reference Digital Mathematics Library--a network of institutions where the digital documents would be physically archived. This pattern based rather on the bottom-up strategy seems to be more practicable and consistent with the digital nature of the DML. After describing the model we summarise what can and should be done in order to accomplish the vision. The current state of some of the local libraries that could contribute to the global views are described with more details.

Bouche, Thierry

2010-01-01

192

Understanding Teacher Users of a Digital Library Service: A Clustering Approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article describes the Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD) process and its application in the field of educational data mining (EDM) in the context of a digital library service called the Instructional Architect (IA.usu.edu). In particular, the study reported in this article investigated a certain type of data mining problem, clustering, and used a statistical model, latent class analysis, to group the IA teacher users according to their diverse online behaviors. The use of LCA succ...

Xu, Beijie; Recker, Mimi M.

2011-01-01

193

The British Experience in Preserving Digital Library Collections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The increasing amount of information being produced digitally is impacting on and changing forever the expectations of users in all spheres of life. Digital access has many advantages over paper-based access in terms of convenience and functionality. However there are challenges, not yet wholly resolved, associated with ensuring that the many and varied digital resources being created will continue to be accessible. The long-term preservation of research collections in digital form is therefore an issue of increasing concern to research libraries around the world. Preservation and access to this information is dependent on impermanent media and technologies and adapting or re-engineering existing organisational and legal frameworks.

Neil Beagrie

2000-06-01

194

Storytelling – EDU: Educational - Digital – Unlimited?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is undisputed that storytelling is one of the oldest practices of humankind and has been ever-present in social life. This traditional role of narrating has gained new and unexpected topicality in the last decades in various fields and in many respects. Today, 'digital storytelling' is widely established as an umbrella term. Related phenomena are being discussed in terms of mediation, mediatization, multimodal forms of narration and others. As to educational issues, the situation seems to be rather ambivalent. On the one hand, digital storytelling offers enhancements of learning experiences, chances for meaningful learning and democratization, and also for bridging formal and informal contexts. On the other hand, we can observe a persistent adherence of educational institutions to "writing" as the dominant medium in many countries, thus negating media ecologies and the multimedia environment. Especially regular schools are widely conceptualized as "monomedial provinces" (J. Böhme, thus being justified as "literal countercultures" in which it is imperative to defend literality as the foremost achievement in the process of civilization, whereas otherwise calls for "new literacies" cannot go unnoticed. The contribution reflects on various understandings of 'digital storytelling' and underestimated dimensions in this regard. It aims at pointing out conceptual problems, and it sounds out limitations of the utilization of digital storytelling in educational contexts.

Theo Hug

2012-04-01

195

Research challenges in digital education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Simulation and other forms of digital learning will occupy a place of increasing prominence in medical education in the future. However, to maximally use the potential of these media, we must go beyond a research agenda dictated by a 'Does it work?' question to one driven by careful analysis of the nature of the task to be learned and its relation to the characteristics of the technology. Secondly, we must change the focus from the characteristics of individual devices to a broader approach to design of a digital curriculum based on current understanding of the nature of human learning. PMID:25143285

Norman, Geoff

2014-09-01

196

Discovering Digital Library User Behavior with Google Analytics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Google Analytics has advanced features for tracking search queries, events such as clicking external links or downloading files, which you can use to track user behavior that is normally difficult to track with traditional web logging software. By tracking behavior, you can use Google Analytics API to extract data and integrate it with data from your digital repository to show granular data about individual items. Using this information, digital libraries can learn how users use the site without extensive HCI studies, and can use this information to improve the user experience.

Kirk Hess

2012-06-01

197

Invenio: A Modern Digital Library System for Grey Literature  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Invenio is an integrated digital library system originally developed at CERN to run the CERN Document Server, currently one of the largest institutional repositories worldwide. It was started over 15 years ago and has been matured through many release cycles. Invenio is a GPL2 Open Source project based on an Apache/WSGI+Python+MySQL architecture. Its modular design enables it to serve a wide variety of usages, from a multimedia digital object repository, to a web journal, to a fully functiona...

Caffaro, Jerome; Kaplun, Samuele; Greynet, Grey Literature Network Service

2010-01-01

198

Book Review of: Digital Libraries: Principles and Practice in a Global Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A simple search in the Amazon bookstore (Amazon.com returns more than 300 books with the term digital library/libraries in their title. 'Digital libraries' is a topic that has been attracting a great deal of attention from researchers in a variety of academic disciplines – especially the library and information science (LIS, and computer science communities. However, there is no consensus on the formal definition of digital libraries. This is partly due to the fact that researchers in different fields look at digital libraries from different perspectives.

Hamid R. Jamali

2006-03-01

199

Using Amazon S3 in Digital Preservation in a mid sized academic library: A case study of CCSU ERIS digital archive system  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

With the increasing numbers of born digital and digitized objects in academic libraries from sources such as digital collections and institutional repositories many academic libraries need to seriously consider implementing some form of digital preservation system. In 2009 the Central Connecticut State University Library decided to use Amazon S3 for digital preservation storage despite some drawbacks. The library has developed a system, ERIS Digital Archive, to manage all digital preservation...

Edward Iglesias; Wittawat Meesangnil

2010-01-01

200

Tailor-made training for digital library software  

CERN Multimedia

Six librarians and IT engineers from Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Morocco are currently spending several weeks at CERN as a follow-up to the 5-day CERN-UNESCO Digital Libraries School held in Dakar, Senegal, last year. During their stay, they are honing their mastery of CERN’s Invenio digital library management platform in order to put it to a variety of uses once they return home.   From left to right: Essaid Ait Allal (Morocco), Guillaume Nikiema (Burkina Faso), Eric Guedegbe (Senegal), Fama Diagne Sene Ndiaye (Senegal), Abdrahamane Anne (Mali) and Jens VIGEN (CERN).  Cécile Coulibaly (Ivory Coast), who was also taking part in the training programme, is not in the picture. “We plan to use Invenio to build a portal for all African university dissertations to make them accessible to the global academic community. We need a system which can harvest data from various existing platforms, then convert the bibliographic records and make them...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

NDLTD: Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at Virginia Tech, one of the first universities to require students to develop and submit electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), the NDLTD works internationally to make student research more available to scholars, reduce the cost of submitting and maintaining manuscripts, and advance digital library technology more generally. At the homepage, users will find a number of resources and news items regarding these efforts. The project's digital library provides access to the full text (most in .pdf format) of a large number of ETDs via the list of University Nodes and related sites. Most of the linked sites allow users to both browse and search for dissertations. Users can also try a working prototype of a federated search engine that performs parallel queries across several dozen search sites provided by participants in the project. Please note that some ETDs are only available to campus users.

202

Document clustering: applications in a collaborative digital library  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper introduces a document clustering method within a commercial document repository, FileShare (R). FileShare (R) is a commercial collaborative digital library offering facilities for sharing and accessing documents over a simple Internet browser (e.g. Microsoft (R) Internet Explorer (R), Netscape (R) or Opera (R)) within groups of people working on common projects. As the number of documents increases within a digital library, displaying these documents in this environment poses a huge challenge. This paper proposes a document clustering method that uses a modified version of the traditional K-Means algorithm to categorize documents by their themes using lexical chaining within the FileShare (R) repository. The proposed algorithm is unsupervised, and has shown very high accuracy in a typical experimental setup.

Rahman, Fuad; Kumar, Aman; Tarnikova, Yuilya; Alam, Hassan

2006-01-01

203

RCLIS: towards a digital library for Information Science  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is described RCLIS, an international project that wants to develop a digital specializing library in biblioteconomía and documentation and that follows the model of open archives which already has been implemented in other disciplines, as the physics or the economy. It is a question of a free resource in which there take part, in an altruistic way, librarians of different countries with the aim to gather the whole bibliography generated in information sciences.Se describe RCLIS, un pro...

Barrueco Cruz, Jose? Manuel; Subirats Coll, Imma

2003-01-01

204

Recommender Systems using Pennant Diagrams in Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In digital libraries recommendations can be valuable for researchers, e.g. recommending related literature to a given context. Typically, in a scientific context the simple presentation of related content is not sufficient. Often the users demand a more detailed view on the connection of a document and its specific recommendations. The aim of pennants introduced by Howard White (2007) is to provide the user with a graph showing the relatedness / distance between a given docu...

Carevic, Zeljko; Mayr, Philipp

2014-01-01

205

Interoperability of Web Archives and Digital Libraries : A Delphi Study  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The interoperability of web archives and digital libraries is crucial to avoid silos of preserved data and content. While various researches focus on specfic facets of the challenge to interoperate, there is a lack of empirical work about the overall situation of actual challenges. We conduct a Delphi study to survey and reveal the insights of experts in the field. Results of our study are presented in this paper to enhance further research and development efforts for interoperability.

Trier, Matthias

2013-01-01

206

From the World Wide Web to digital library stacks  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The National Library of France is mandated by French law to collect and preserve the French Internet. It is now a 10-year old project with collections ranging from 1996 to the present. To ensure their long-term preservation, the choice has been made to ingest these web archives into the institution's existing digital preservation repository, SPAR (Scalable Preservation and Archiving Repository). There were numerous implementation challenges, on the modeling as well as the technical sides, whi...

Oury, Cle?ment; Peyrard, Se?bastien

2011-01-01

207

General-purpose digital library content laboratory systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this work, we name Digital Library Content Laboratories (DLCLs) software systems specially devised for aggregating and elaborating over information objects - e.g., publications, experimental data, multimedia and compound objects - collected from possibly heterogeneous and autonomous data sources. We present a general-purpose and cost-efficient system for the construction of customized DLCLs, based on the D-NET Software Toolkit. D-NET offers a service-oriented framework, where developers ca...

Manghi, Paolo; Mikulicic, Marko; Candela, Leonardo; Artini, Michele; Bardi, Alessia

2010-01-01

208

Library+  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses possible future directions for academic libraries in the post Web/Library 2.0 world. These possible directions include areas such as data literacy, linked data sets, and opportunities for libraries in support of digital humanities. The author provides a brief sketch of the background information regarding the topics and…

Merrill, Alex

2011-01-01

209

Mayo Clinic Library education programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

The health-related sciences programs of Mayo Foundation, including those related to librarianship, are conducted in an internationally known center for medical education, clinical practice, and medical research. Students have access to all the educational resources of Mayo Clinic. Appointees to the programs enjoy the benefits of more than half a century of experience in medical education that includes the training of residents, research fellows, interns, and medical students. The health-related sciences programs, like the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine and the Mayo Medical School, are part of the Division of Education of the Mayo Foundation, a nonprofit charitable corporation responsible for the support and conduct of education and research as an integral part of medical and health care. PMID:1148445

Key, J D

1975-01-01

210

Digital resilience in higher education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Higher education institutions face a number of opportunities and challenges as the result of the digital revolution. The institutions perform a number of scholarship functions which can be affected by new technologies, and the desire is to retain these functions where appropriate, whilst the form they take may change. Much of the reaction to technological change comes from those with a vested interest in either wholesale change or maintaining the status quo. Taking the resilience metaphor fro...

Weller, Martin; Anderson, Terry

2013-01-01

211

The Application of ElGamal Encryption Technology to the Information Security of Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

????Nowadays, the construction and application of digital library leads a new era of the way people obtain knowledge and information, and promotes the academic exchanges and social progress. Digital library, however, also involves great risk, hacker attacks become the main threat of the information security of digital library, and may probably cause the loss and damage of the information resources in library. This article mainly introduces the advantages and the potential safety hazar...

Zhang Fu jun

2013-01-01

212

Metadata issues in Digital Libraries: key concepts and perspectives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article sets out to investigate the meaning, role and implications of some information management approaches used in Digital Library practice. A greater focus on innovation in managing online resources and on improving their interoperability can be achieved by normalizing metadata schemas through interoperable standards, world-wide accepted controlled vocabularies as well as by their enrichment through qualitatively constructed ontologies and linked data, which are key to the expansion of the semantic reasoning on the web through building and connection of additional semantic layers on top of metadata descriptions. Reviewing some innovative methods of information representation (LODe-BD, SWAP, the paper tries to lead the reader to discover some new ways of knowledge creation in digital information environment, in particular what concerns digital bibliographic records.

Iryna Solodovnik

2011-12-01

213

Exploring education for digital librarians meaning, modes and models  

CERN Document Server

Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b

Myburgh, Sue

2013-01-01

214

Library Professionals' Education in the Mercosur Countries  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper deals with library professionals education in Mercosur--the Common Market of South America--established on 29 March, 1991 to expand the national markets of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, and promote free circulation of goods, services and production agents in that region. The paper presents, through a descriptive study, the…

de Oliveira, Ely Francina Tannuri; Guimaraes, Jose Augusto Chaves

2004-01-01

215

Digital Library Selection: Maximum Access, Not Buying the Best Titles: Libraries Should Become Full-Text Amazon.coms's.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses new ways of selecting information for digital libraries. Topics include increasing the quantity of information acquired versus item by item selection that is more costly than the value it adds; library-publisher relationships; netLibrary; electronic journals; and the SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition)…

Ferguson, Anthony W.

2000-01-01

216

Information Seeking Behaviours of Business Students and the Development of Academic Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives ? To gain insight into the extent to which user information?seeking behaviours should inform the design and development of Digital Libraries in an academic setting, a study was carried out at Dalhousie University, Canada to explore the information?seeking behaviours of business students.Methods ? The students studied were drawn from the School of Business Administration at Dalhousie University, Canada. The study was based on qualitative and quantitative data collected through a survey, in?depth semi?structured interviews, observational study and document analysis. Qualitative case study data was coded using QSR N6 qualitative data analysis software. The data was categorized using Atkinson’s “Model of BusinessInformation Users’ Expectations” and Renda and Straccia‘s personalized collaborative DL model. Atkinson’s model defines the expectations of business students in terms of cost, time,effort required, pleasure and the avoidance of pain. Renda and Straccia’s model of a personalized and collaborative digital library centres around three concepts: actors, objects, and functionality. The survey data was analysed using the Zoomerang software.Results ? The study results revealed that students tend to select resources based on cost(free or for fee, accessibility, ease of use, speed of delivery (of results, and convenience. The results showed that similar to Atkinson’s findings, the business students’ information seeking behaviour is influenced by the concepts of cost?benefit and break?even analyses that underlie business education. Concerning speed of delivery and convenience, the organization of the resources was paramount. Students preferred user?defined resource lists, alert services, and expert?created business resource collections. When asked about the usefulness of potential digital library functionalities, students valued a personalized user interface and communal virtual spaces to share information and communicate in real?time with their peers.Conclusion ? This study reveals that when digital libraries are developed, user behaviours and needs should be taken into consideration. It demonstrates that the activity as well as the “user’s orientation and motivation” (here the business student training can directly influence the design and use of a digital tool. In other words, this study confirms a new typology of a business digital information user or use behaviour, one that requires the building of dedicated accredited library research systems. Providing information and information tools tailored to this specific audience is more likely to increase the appeal and use of an academic business digital library.

Kelli WooShue

2006-12-01

217

Reflective teaching, effective learning instructional literacy for library educators  

CERN Document Server

Char Booth, an avid library education and technology advocate, introduces a series of concepts that will empower readers at any level of experience to become better designers and presenters, as well as building their confidence and satisfaction as library educators

Booth, Char

2011-01-01

218

A Survey of the Usability of Digital Reference Services on Academic Health Science Library Web Sites  

Science.gov (United States)

Reference interactions with patrons in a digital library environment using digital reference services (DRS) has become widespread. However, such services in many libraries appear to be underutilized. A study surveying the ease and convenience of such services for patrons in over 100 academic health science library Web sites suggests that…

Dee, Cheryl; Allen, Maryellen

2006-01-01

219

Automated Categorization Scheme for Digital Libraries in Distance Learning: A Pattern Recognition Approach  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital libraries play a crucial role in distance learning. Nowadays, they are one of the fundamental information sources for the students enrolled in this learning system. These libraries contain huge amount of instructional data (text, audio and video) offered by the distance learning program. Organization of the digital libraries is…

Gunal, Serkan

2008-01-01

220

PhysiomeSpace: digital library service for biomedical data.  

Science.gov (United States)

Every research laboratory has a wealth of biomedical data locked up, which, if shared with other experts, could dramatically improve biomedical and healthcare research. With the PhysiomeSpace service, it is now possible with a few clicks to share with selected users biomedical data in an easy, controlled and safe way. The digital library service is managed using a client-server approach. The client application is used to import, fuse and enrich the data information according to the PhysiomeSpace resource ontology and upload/download the data to the library. The server services are hosted on the Biomed Town community portal, where through a web interface, the user can complete the metadata curation and share and/or publish the data resources. A search service capitalizes on the domain ontology and on the enrichment of metadata for each resource, providing a powerful discovery environment. Once the users have found the data resources they are interested in, they can add them to their basket, following a metaphor popular in e-commerce web sites. When all the necessary resources have been selected, the user can download the basket contents into the client application. The digital library service is now in beta and open to the biomedical research community. PMID:20478910

Testi, Debora; Quadrani, Paolo; Viceconti, Marco

2010-06-28

 
 
 
 
221

Library exhibits and programs boost science education  

Science.gov (United States)

Science museums let visitors explore and discover, but for many families there are barriers—such as cost or distance—that prevent them from visiting museums and experiencing hands-on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) learning. Now educators are reaching underserved audiences by developing STEM exhibits and programs for public libraries. With more than 16,000 outlets in the United States, public libraries serve almost every community in the country. Nationwide, they receive about 1.5 billion visits per year, and they offer their services for free.

Dusenbery, Paul B.; Curtis, Lisa

2012-05-01

222

Exploring Convergence: Digitized Multimedia Collections among Museums, Archives, and Libraries (SIGs CR, VIS).  

Science.gov (United States)

This planned session discusses access to digital multimedia objects; integrated intellectual access, resource discovery, finding aids, and cross-domain metadata among museum, archive, and library information systems; information sharing; electronic access to a historic costume collection; access to digital music libraries; and digital

Beebe, Caroline

2000-01-01

223

Use of OsiriX in developing a digital radiology teaching library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Widespread adoption of digital imaging in clinical practice and for the image-based examinations of the Royal College of Radiologists has created a desire to provide a digital radiology teaching library in many hospital departments around the UK. This article describes our experience of using OsiriX software in developing digital radiology teaching libraries. PMID:24880758

Shamshuddin, S; Matthews, H R

2014-10-01

224

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research: Digital Image Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This site provides access to weather and climate imagery, including unique visuals of atmospheric and solar phenomena, pollution, clouds, research instruments, field projects, landscapes, and educational settings. It also contains links to other digital image sites and a place to store personally selected images for later viewing.

225

Historical Air Photo Digitization Project University of Waterloo Map Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The University Map Library (UML at the University of Waterloo developed an onlinecollection of digitized and georeferenced aerial photography of the Kitchener-Waterlooarea from the 1930s and 1940s. Using GIS technology, the air photos were digitizedwith geographical coordinate tags for use in GIS software programs including onlinemapping applications such as Google Earth (GE. By creating and offeringdownloadable georeferenced images compatible with popular mapping tools, the airphotos have gained significant popularity and utilization by not only regular library usersbut by community groups, organizations and corporations who have never used libraryresources before. The integration of modern technology with traditional paper mappinghas proven to be both a method of preservation and a means of increasing and varyingutilization of the collection.

Eva Dodsworth

2008-12-01

226

A Quantum Leap : Innovation in the Evolving Digital Library  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is an honor to give the Lazerow lecture tonight and to discuss digital library developments from the perspective of working at a national laboratory. Tonight I would like to consider what lies ahead given the evolution in scientific research, how that impacts the development of digital libraries, and finally, look at some of the challenges ahead of us. I'm particularly interested in giving this talk tonight because it provides an opportunity to talk to those of you who are students. You represent the next generation of professionals who will to confront some of the challenges I will outline tonight, as well as those of you who are the mentors and teachers of the next generation. The two roles are pivotal in terms of the challenges on the horizon. Most of you are familiar with the information literacy challenges we face as a nation. As the library director of a national laboratory's science library, I am also acutely aware that we also have a real problem with the lack of scientific literacy within the general population in this country and it has a corresponding impact on decision-making in a technological society. Those of us engaged in supporting scientific research, or just generally interested, should be concerned about this fact because science and technology are at the foundation of our success as a nation in the 20th Century. For our nation to continue to be successful in the 21st Century, we will need to improve on the state of scientific literacy.

Luce, R. E. (Richard E.)

2002-01-01

227

USC Digital Library: Charlotta Bass/California Eagle Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

Charlotta Bass was born in Sumter, South Carolina in 1879 and moved to Los Angeles in 1910. Two years later, she purchased the California Eagle, one of the oldest African American newspapers in the west. Over the next forty years, she used the paper to advance a range of social causes and community activism including voter registration, housing, and employment discrimination. The staff members at the USC Digital Library project have created this fantastic digital collection of over 780 photos from the archives of the California Eagle. As the paper documented African American life in Los Angeles for many years, it is a fine way to learn about urban history and the African American community in the area. Visitors can search the entire collection by keyword, and they can also create their own customized collections for future reference.

2012-04-06

228

A Peer-to-Peer Architecture for Information Retrieval Across Digital Library Collections  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Peer-to-peer networks have been identified as promising architectural concepts for developing attractive search scenarios across digital library collections. Digital libraries typically offer sophisticated search over their local content, however, search methods involving a network of such stand-alone components are currently quite limited. We present an architecture for highly-efficient search over digital library collections based on structured P2P networks. As the standard single-term inde...

Podnar, Ivana; Luu, Toan; Rajman, Martin; Klemm, Fabius; Aberer, Karl

2006-01-01

229

The INVENT framework: Examining the role of information visualization in the reconceptualization of digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this paper is to show how information visualization can play an important and catalytic role in the reconceptualization of digital libraries as interactive knowledge environments. Information visualization has long been described as a beneficial and promising technology for digital libraries. Today, however, few digital libraries rely on information visualization concepts and techniques. This is because the research agenda has been dominated by first-generation challenges, su...

Fast, Karl Faculty Of Information And Media Studies; Sedig, Kamran Faculty Of Information And Media Studies

2006-01-01

230

Providing access to the inaccessible: a new thematic digital library for the Venice Lagoon  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper is a description of an innovative project: the creation of a digital thematic library known as the Laguna di Venezia Digital Library (LVDL). It will collect published and unpublished scientific documentation about the Venice Lagoon. LVDL is a personalised extension of the ETRDL (ERCIM Technical Reference Digital Library) system, which is based on the Dienst protocol. Thanks to varying levels of document search and semantic descriptors, LVDL will satisfy many kinds of users working...

Biagioni, Stefania; Busatto, Erica; Carlesi, Carlo; Locatello, Lisa; Ortolan, Monica; Zane, Antonella

2004-01-01

231

Bridging the Digital Divide in Higher Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The emergence of the digital campus, and the rapid convergence of previously disparate methods of communicating information, presents both a risk and an opportunity for people with disabilities. The imminent risk is that non-inclusive design of the digital campus will irreparably widen the digital divide within higher education, to the detriment…

Treviranus, Jutta; Coombs, Norman

232

Effectiveness of caching in a distributed digital library system  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Today independent publishers are offering digital libraries with fulltext archives. In an attempt to provide a single user-interface to a large set of archives, the studied Article-Database-Service offers a consolidated interface to a geographically distributed set of archives. While this approach offers a tremendous functional advantage to a user, the fulltext download delays caused by the network and queuing in servers make the user-perceived interactive performance poor. This paper studies how effective caching of articles at the client level can be achieved as well as at intermediate points as manifested by gateways that implement the interfaces to the many fulltext archives. A central research question in this approach is: What is the nature of locality in the user access stream to such a digital library? Based on access logs that drive the simulations, it is shown that client-side caching can result in a 20% hit rate. Even at the gateway level temporal locality is observable, but published replacement algorithms are unable to exploit this temporal locality. Additionally, spatial locality can be exploited by considering loading into cache all articles in an issue, volume, or journal, if a single article is accessed. But our experiments showed that improvement introduced a lot of overhead. Finally, it is shown that the reason for this cache behavior is the long time distance between re-accesses, which makes caching quite unfeasible.

ArdØ, Anders

2007-01-01

233

The Cultural Role of the Public Library, 1920-1980, and Its Impact on Library Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This review traces the history of the public library's role in the diffusion of information about American culture, surveys the influence of that role on library education, and describes five models which reflect the range of cultural roles presently bein...

M. E. Monroe

1980-01-01

234

Biblioteca digital: bibliografia das principais fontes de informação / Digital library: a bibliography of major information sources  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Bibliografia internacional anotada sobre as principais fontes de informação lançadas a partir de 2000, relacionadas à biblioteca digital. Os tópicos cobertos são as bibliografias mais recentes, os livros e manuais, os periódicos especializados, os eventos específicos, as listas de discussão, os grup [...] os e centros de pesquisa, os cursos e treinamentos e as principais organizações. Abstract in english International annotated bibliography about the major information sources related to digital library. The topics covered are: most recent bibliographies, books and manuals, specialized journals, specialized conferences, discussion lists, research groups and centers, training courses and major organiz [...] ations.

Murilo Bastos da, Cunha.

235

The Hybrid Library: The Focal Point of Traditional and Digital Libraries Karma Kütüphane: Dijital ve Geleneksel Kütüphanelerin Odak Noktas?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many libraries are currently experiencing a transition from traditional printbased collections to one that holds a mix of print and digital resources. This has led to the existence of so called hybrid libraries. A hybrid library conjugates elements of the traditional and the digital library. The most basic challenge is to acquire a common understanding of their defi nitions, aims, and missions. Digital and hybrid libraries are two kinds of modern libraries, defi ned as different entities. Defi nitions of these libraries show some overlap. So, it is not possible to separate them as two completely different types of libraries. The aim of this paper is to investigate the practices of and challenges confronting hybrid and digital libraries. Günümüzde kütüphaneler geleneksel bas?l? dermelerden hem bas?l? hem de dijital kaynaklar? içeren “karma kütüphaneler”e dönü?mektedir. Bu a?amada kar??la??lan en temel sorun karma kütüphanelerin tan?m, amaç ve görevlerinde ortak bir anlay?? geli?tirilmemi? olmas?d?r. Modern kütüphanelerin iki türü olarak dijital ve karma kütüphaneler farkl? ?ekillerde tan?mlanmakta, ancak birçok ortak özellikler ta??maktad?r. Bu makalede karma kütüphanelerin tan?t?m?, özellikleri ve görevleri, dijital ve karma kütüphaneler aras?ndaki ili?kiler ve karma hizmetler incelenmektedir.

Mehdi Afzali

2008-09-01

236

Women in Library Education: Down the Up Staircase.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines roles of women in library education in three time periods: 1887-1923, 1924-1950, 1951-1985. Topics discussed include missionaries and mentors, library school founders, institutions offering graduate library schools, advanced degrees and publishing activity of women, women faculty, North American library school deans, and women presidents…

Maack, Mary Niles

1986-01-01

237

Representation of Digital Material preserved in a Library Context  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article explores preservation of digital material in a library context with a focus on logical object modelling that takes both preservation and dissemination into account. The article describes normalisation of data expressed via a logical object model. This logical object model is designed to support the requirements for joint preservation and dissemination. Additionally the article includes a suggestion for a possible implementation that respects the logical object model. Formulation, of the requirements and possible implementation for a logical object model, is based on observation of current trends, as well as results from a research project on preservation strategies for libraries. The research project has been carried out at the Royal Library of Denmark, and it is based on a case study of a 10 year old web application containing the Archive of Danish Literature. The formulated requirements include e.g. requirements for many-to-many migration in preservation and requirements for homogenous navigation and social networking in dissemination. Many of the described observations and results have parallels to other types of material. These parallels are partly described, and thus the results can be used as a contribution to development of systems and strategies for preservation and dissemination in the new decade and beyond.

Zierau, Eld

2010-01-01

238

Framing the Digital Divide in Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This is the introductory article to the monograph "Redefining the Digital Divide in Higher Education". The article describes a comprehensive approach to the phenomenon of the digital divide and digital access, based on Marc Raboy and Mark Warschauer's research. This approach depicts the evolution from mere physical access to effective use of information and communication technologies in the field of higher education. Within this framework, the articles in the monograph are presented highlighting their role in contributing to a comprehensive approach and reflection on the digital divide in Higher Education.

Ismael Peña-López

2010-01-01

239

Digital images and art libraries in the twenty-first century  

CERN Document Server

Increase your knowledge of the digital technology that is essential for art librarianship today! Digital Images and Art Libraries in the Twenty-First Century is your key to cutting-edge discourse on digital image databases and art libraries. Just as early photographers tried to capture the world to make it accessible, now information professionals in art libraries and art museums are creating and sharing digital collections to make them broadly accessible. This collection shares the experience and insight of art information managers who have taken advantage of digital technology to exp

Wyngaard, Susan

2013-01-01

240

Blocking of pornography-seeking behavior in digital image libraries: adventures in the skin trade.  

Science.gov (United States)

The escalating competition between online pornography - seeking and disseminating behaviors and technologies that attempt to reduce them creates technical, semantic and legal barriers to the legitimate discussion of and education about sensitive health issues involving sexuality, anatomy and pathology, especially when image-based knowledge is used. The effects of this competition on the use and management of an online dermatology atlas are described with a discussion on the importance of anticipating, addressing and controlling this problem while developing and maintaining image-based digital libraries and other e-Health applications. PMID:16779077

Lehmann, Christoph U; Cohen, Bernard A; Kim, George R

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Children Digital Libraries and User Interfaces: Proposing a Set of Criteria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to investigate the user interfaces of the most important world`s children digital libraries and consider their conformity with the experts' opinions. This is done with the aim of proposing a set of unique and applicable criteria for Iranian children digital libraries that was not provided by the previous studies. The data for this study were collected by a check list for each of 6 world's most famous children digital libraries. This study applied survey as its methodology. This study showed that the compliance of the children digital libraries with selected criteria totally was 63.43 percent. Among the analyzed criteria, the criterion of "study facilities of retrieved resources" (94.33 percent and "options for customizing the texts" (3.33 per cent indicated the highest and lowest level respectively. From the expert's point of view, the option of "show error messages" reached the maximum and "customizing the texts" grasped the minimum levels. Finally, based on the study outcomes, a set of criteria is proposed for children digital library user interfaces. Due to the lack of a known and complete list on the web, some important children digital libraries might be missed. Also, the proposed set of criteria only can be used to evaluate the user interfaces of children digital libraries. Applying a unique set of criteria in designing children's digital Library interfaces could increase the amount of children`s use of such libraries.

Zeinab Sedighi

2013-06-01

242

Using Amazon S3 in Digital Preservation in a mid sized academic library: A case study of CCSU ERIS digital archive system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the increasing numbers of born digital and digitized objects in academic libraries from sources such as digital collections and institutional repositories many academic libraries need to seriously consider implementing some form of digital preservation system. In 2009 the Central Connecticut State University Library decided to use Amazon S3 for digital preservation storage despite some drawbacks. The library has developed a system, ERIS Digital Archive, to manage all digital preservation processes and to make the system as compliant with the OAIS model and "Trustworthy Digital Repositories" as possible.

Edward Iglesias

2010-12-01

243

The Library Is Dead, Long Live the Library! The Practice of Academic Librarianship and the Digital Revolution  

Science.gov (United States)

As a direct consequence of the digital revolution, academic libraries today face competition as information providers. Using Richard N. Foster's technology S curves as the analytical model, this article shows that academic libraries are in the midst of discontinuous change by questioning a number of assumptions that support the current practice of…

Ross, Lyman; Sennyey, Pongracz

2008-01-01

244

Archival Education in North American Library and Information Science Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports on the development and current status of archival education within North American library schools. Highlights include the future of archival education; program identification; curriculum; and faculty, including a roster of archival educators in North America. Includes nine tables. (LRW)

Cox, Richard J.; Yakel, Elizabeth; Wallace, David; Bastian, Jeannette A.; Marshall, Jennifer

2001-01-01

245

Mass Digitization at the Complutense University Library: Access to and Preservation of its Cultural Heritage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the mid-1990s, the Library of the Complutense of Madrid (UCM applied the growing body of new technologies to a pioneering project: the digitization of a valuable collection of biomedical books. The result of the project was the Dioscorides Digital Library. Up to 2006, however, the pace of digitization was very slow, resulting in only 3,000 books and 50,000 digitized engravings. In September 2006, the Complutense University and Google signed a partnership agreement for the purpose of carrying out large-scale digitization of our public domain collections. The Complutense University Library is participating in this mass-digitization project with the following goals: To improve the discovery of the cultural heritage of Complutense and increase the number of potential readers; To fulfil its public service mission; To preserve and protect the original books; To enhance students’ and faculty research. By early 2011, the Complutense Library had digitized roughly 120,000 out-of- copyright books from the 16th to the 19th centuries. All these materials are easily accessible via the Complutense Library Catalogue, Google Books and HathiTrust Digital Library. The Complutense University of Madrid joined the HathiTrust Digital Library in November 2010, which allowed books digitized by Google to be stored on HathiTrust servers. The HathiTrust Digital Library is both a digital preservation repository and a platform for access. It provides long-term preservation and access services for public domain and in-copyright content from a variety of sources, including Google, the Internet Archive, Microsoft, and in-house partner institution initiatives. In early 2011, the number of HathiTrust public domain volumes reached the two million mark and the collection exceeded eight million volumes. In addition, and complementing the above, the digital content of the Complutense University Library will be aggregated to Europeana during 2011 and 2012.

José A. Magán

2011-10-01

246

Orientation and Functions of Library in Quality Education of College  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Quality education is the core of college education. Libraries are the second class for students due to the extremely important position and function in quality education. Libraries are the best place for cultivating students’ morals, the important front for improving students’ scientific and cultural qualities, and the effective facilities for developing special technological education, serving as favorable conditions for promoting students’ comprehensive qualities. The main idea for libraries strengthening quality education is to build a “people-oriented” management thought, create service equipments and environment with humanism, stick to human service style, and improve the quality of library staff.

Lan Yang

2011-05-01

247

What Is Digital Humanities and What’s it Doing in the Library?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available  tl;dr – Libraries and digital humanities have the same goals. Stop asking if the library has a role, or what it is, and start getting involved in digital projects that are already happening. Advocate for new expanded roles and responsibilities to be able to do this. Become producers/creators in collaboration with scholars rather than servants [...

Micah Vandegrift

2012-06-01

248

NSF/DARPA/NASA Digital Libraries Initiative: A Program Manager's Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the National Science Foundation (NSF)/United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)/National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) Research in Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI). Highlights include benefits of digital libraries; the Federal High Performance Computing and Communications Program (HPCC); and program…

Griffin, Stephen M.

1998-01-01

249

Using Lotkaian Informetrics for Ranking in Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

The purpose of this paper is to propose the use of models, theories and laws in bibliometrics and scientometrics to enhance information retrieval processes, especially ranking. A common pattern in many man-made data sets is Lotka's Law which follows the well-known power-law distributions. These informetric distributions can be used to give an alternative order to large and scattered result sets and can be applied as a new ranking mechanism. The polyrepresentation of information in Digital Library systems is used to enhance the retrieval quality, to overcome the drawbacks of the typical term-based ranking approaches and to enable users to explore retrieved document sets from a different perspective.

Schaer, Philipp

2011-01-01

250

New York State Library: Selected Digital Historical Documents  

Science.gov (United States)

The New York State Library started digitizing a range of New York government documents in a wonderful online catalog and website. The collection covers a wide range of materials including government surveys, state census results, and first had descriptions of the Native American experience throughout the Empire State. In total, there are twelve collections here, including Laws of New York State and New York State Museum Publications. This last area contains a large set of publications created by museum staff members' investigations into geology, biology, anthropology, and history. Some especially noteworthy publications include "Earthquakes in New York State" and "Biological Diversity: The Oldest Human Heritage." Additionally, the New York State History-Towns and Counties section is quite a find, as it contains county and town histories from the 19th and 20th centuries of Albany, Corning, Troy and Rensselaer County.

251

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: National Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a rather impressive collection of images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video available at no charge. The items are all contained within twelve thematic sections, which include Migratory Birds, Connecting People with Nature, and International Affairs. Visitors will note that the sections contain a wide mix of items, all of which can be searched by format, date, creator, and so on. The site also contains a keyword search area that allows visitors to look for specific images, videos, or audio clips. It's worth noting that visitors can perform advanced searches and also make a list of their favorite items. The Landscape Conservation area shouldn't be missed, as it contains great photographs of people at work restoring natural habitats all around the United States.

252

Indonesia-DLN Is A Digital Library Network In Indonesia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Within this paper, philosophy of the knowledge sharing, vision of the network, and how it can give benefits to Indonesia are described. The status of the network is described that show the successfulness of the architecture in tying together partner's knowledge from all big islands of Indonesia (Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya) whether they have dedicated internet connection or only a dial-up one. Currently 13 institutions have joined the network and 15+ in progress of developing their servers. Features of the software, Ganesha Digital Library (GDL version 3.1) are presented, that is now distributed as a Free-Software that is based on My SQL, PHP, and Apache

253

Semantically Enriching the Search System of a Music Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Traditional search systems are usually based on keywords, a very simple and convenient mechanism to express a need for information. This is the most popular way of searching the Web, although it is not always an easy task to accurately summarize a natural language query in a few keywords. Working with keywords means losing the context, which is the only thing that can help us deal with ambiguity. This is the biggest problem of keyword-based systems. Semantic Web technologies seem a perfect solution to this problem, since they make it possible to represent the semantics of a given domain. In this chapter, we present three projects, Harmos, Semusici and Cantiga, whose aim is to provide access to a music digital library. We will describe two search systems, a traditional one and a semantic one, developed in the context of these projects and compare them in terms of usability and effectiveness.

de Juan, Paloma; Iglesias, Carlos

254

Functional Model of Higher Educational Institution Library Building up  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article presents the technology of integrated data processing, related to academic and library-bibliographic activities for specialties work programs development and book sufficiency estimation in integrated research and information system of higher educational institution. The model of higher educational institution library building up, based on monitoring of educational process book sufficiency and literature demand is introduced

Murat K. Baimul'din

2013-01-01

255

AUTOMATED CATEGORIZATION SCHEME FOR DIGITAL LIBRARIES IN DISTANCE LEARNING: A Pattern Recognition Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital libraries play a crucial role in distance learning. Nowadays, they are one of the fundamental information sources for the students enrolled in this learning system. These libraries contain huge amount of instructional data (text, audio and video offered by the distance learning program. Organization of the digital libraries is therefore very important for easy and fast access to the desired information. Improper categorization of data may mislead the students searching the library. Since manual categorization of huge amount of data might be challenging, an automatic and reliable method is needed. In this sense, this paper proposes an automated categorization scheme for digital libraries in distance learning. The categorization scheme is designed and developed by a pattern recognition approach. Effectiveness of the proposed scheme is evaluated on widely used Reuters database. The results of the experimental study verify that the proposed scheme is a good candidate for categorization of digital libraries in distance learning programs.

Serkan GUNAL

2008-10-01

256

Growing expertise in Africa: CERN-UNESCO's 3rd Digital Library School  

CERN Multimedia

The third in the series of CERN-UNESCO African Schools on Digital Libraries took place in Dakar, Senegal, in November last year. The School represents an important opportunity for CERN to contribute to a global exchange of knowledge, skills and culture.   Ludmila Marian assisting participants during a hands-on computer session. More photographs available here. After Rwanda and Morocco, this time it was Senegal's turn to host the Digital Library School, the third of its kind, held from 21 to 25 November 2011. Participants from seven African French-speaking countries met at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar to learn about digital libraries and the importance of new technologies in the dissemination of knowledge by libraries. The School outlined the principles of digital information management and showcased the Invenio software, developed by CERN to manage digital libraries and freely available as Open Source software. The series of Schools, which combine in...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

257

Elektronik Müzik Kütüphanesi: Selçuk Üniversitesi Örne?i / Digital Music Library : Selcuk University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to give explanatory information concerning the Digital Music Library which is situated at the Selcuk University Central Library. The information provided includes development and future goals of the mentioned library together with gained experience throughout the time. Some condensed user information has been supplied too.

Fatma K?l?çarslan

2004-10-01

258

LVDL: The First Digital Thematic Library on the Lagoon of Venice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Vallisneri Library of The University of Padova, and ISTI -CNR, have promoted an innovative project to create a digital thematic library called LVDL Laguna di Venezia Digital Library, in order to collect published and unpublished documents arising from scientific studies about the Lagoon of Venice. The Lagoon of Venice represents a special site for its environmental peculiarities and for its historical and artistic significance. This invaluable environmental heritage has always been subjec...

Biagioni, Stefania; Carlesi, Carlo; Locatello, Lisa; Ortolan, Monica; Zane, Antonella

2003-01-01

259

Digital rights management : a technological measure for copyright protection and its possible impacts on libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Libraries and copyright has indistinguishable relation from the time immemorial.In the course of evolution, library is accessing more digital content than analog content.In this typically technological arena, librarians must be aware about the new technologies and its impacts. Digital Rights Mangement DRM) is basically a name of bunch of technological measures in order to control the access of the intellectual content which has tremendous impact on future libraries.

Chaudhuri, Sabuj Kumar

2007-01-01

260

Success Factors and Strategic Planning: Rebuilding an Academic Library Digitization Program  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper discusses a dual approach of case study and research survey to investigate the complex factors in sustaining academic library digitization programs. The case study involves the background of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) Librariesdigitization program and elaborates on the authors’ efforts to gain staff support for this program. A related survey was administered to all Association of Research Libraries (ARL) members, seeking to collect baseline data on their...

Lampert, Cory; Vaughan, Jason

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Construcción de un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales dentro del proyecto de Biblioteca Digital Colombiana / Development of a virtual course on digital libraries as part of the Project of the Colombian Digital Library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el marco del desarrollo del proyecto de investigación aplicada ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana-BDCOL'' uno de sus objetivos fue establecer una base común de conocimientos que permitiera a la mayor cantidad de instituciones participar en el proyecto e iniciar la construcción de sus [...] repositorios digitales. Al consultar a la comunidad académica y bibliotecológica de las principales universidades del país, se evidenciaron las diferencias de conocimiento respecto a la temática de las bibliotecas y repositorios digitales, por lo que decidió crear y ofrecer un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales a instituciones miembros de la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA. Este artículo presenta: a) el contexto proporcionado por el Proyecto Biblioteca Digital Colombiana; b) la metodología de diseño instruccional del curso; c) la estructura de contenidos y las estrategias pedagógicas establecidas; d) la divulgación, selección de los participantes; e) la evaluación y las conclusiones del curso y las recomendaciones para hacer ajustes relacionadas con el tiempo necesario para completar el curso; y por último, f) la gestión de información y del conocimiento. Con este curso se posibilitó la generación de una base de conocimiento común entre las instituciones vinculadas al proyecto BDCOL y constituye un referente sobre esta temática para la formaciónautoformación en otros momentos y contextos. Abstract in english In the development of the applied research project ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana- BDCOL'' (''Creation of the Colombian Digital Library''), one of the objectives was to establish a common ground of knowledge that would allow the biggest number of institutions to participate in the pr [...] oject and begin to build their own digital repositories. When academic and librarian communities in the main universities of the country were consulted, the differences as to the knowledge about digital libraries and repositories became evident. For this reason, it was decided to create and offer a virtual course on digital libraries to institutions member of the Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA (National Network of Advanced Technology). This paper presents a) the context given by the BDCOL; b) the course's methodology of instructional design; c) its structure of contents and the pedagogical strategies established; d) the diffusion of the program and selection of participants; e) the course's evaluation, conclusion, and recommendations -specially concerning the time needed to complete the course, and, finally, f) the information and knowledge management. This course was successful in making possible to generate a ground of common knowledge for the institutions associated to the BDCOL project and setting a precedent in this area for education and self-education, applicable to other moments and contexts.

Blessed, Ballesteros; Wilson, Castaño Muñoz; Alejandro, Uribe Tirado.

262

Construcción de un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales dentro del proyecto de Biblioteca Digital Colombiana / Development of a virtual course on digital libraries as part of the Project of the Colombian Digital Library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el marco del desarrollo del proyecto de investigación aplicada ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana-BDCOL'' uno de sus objetivos fue establecer una base común de conocimientos que permitiera a la mayor cantidad de instituciones participar en el proyecto e iniciar la construcción de sus [...] repositorios digitales. Al consultar a la comunidad académica y bibliotecológica de las principales universidades del país, se evidenciaron las diferencias de conocimiento respecto a la temática de las bibliotecas y repositorios digitales, por lo que decidió crear y ofrecer un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales a instituciones miembros de la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA. Este artículo presenta: a) el contexto proporcionado por el Proyecto Biblioteca Digital Colombiana; b) la metodología de diseño instruccional del curso; c) la estructura de contenidos y las estrategias pedagógicas establecidas; d) la divulgación, selección de los participantes; e) la evaluación y las conclusiones del curso y las recomendaciones para hacer ajustes relacionadas con el tiempo necesario para completar el curso; y por último, f) la gestión de información y del conocimiento. Con este curso se posibilitó la generación de una base de conocimiento común entre las instituciones vinculadas al proyecto BDCOL y constituye un referente sobre esta temática para la formaciónautoformación en otros momentos y contextos. Abstract in english In the development of the applied research project ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana- BDCOL'' (''Creation of the Colombian Digital Library''), one of the objectives was to establish a common ground of knowledge that would allow the biggest number of institutions to participate in the pr [...] oject and begin to build their own digital repositories. When academic and librarian communities in the main universities of the country were consulted, the differences as to the knowledge about digital libraries and repositories became evident. For this reason, it was decided to create and offer a virtual course on digital libraries to institutions member of the Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA (National Network of Advanced Technology). This paper presents a) the context given by the BDCOL; b) the course's methodology of instructional design; c) its structure of contents and the pedagogical strategies established; d) the diffusion of the program and selection of participants; e) the course's evaluation, conclusion, and recommendations -specially concerning the time needed to complete the course, and, finally, f) the information and knowledge management. This course was successful in making possible to generate a ground of common knowledge for the institutions associated to the BDCOL project and setting a precedent in this area for education and self-education, applicable to other moments and contexts.

Blessed, Ballesteros; Wilson, Castaño Muñoz; Alejandro, Uribe Tirado.

2009-12-01

263

Iowa Digital Library: University Communication and Marketing Photographs  

Science.gov (United States)

In these modern times, every university and college generates thousands of photographs documenting a wide range of cultural, educational, and social activities. The University of Iowa has produced an amazing array of dramatic and pensive images over the past few years and this digital archive brings many of them together in one archive. Visitors can browse the collection via several dozen topical headings, including Admissions, Campus, and Government Relations. The viewbook photographs are quite arresting, as they profile portraits of prominent people, ranging from basketball players to employees of different units on campus. As a whole, it's a fine portrait of a Big Ten university of great repute. [KMG

264

Digital library initiatives in India: a proposal for open distance learning  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Information and communication technologies have brought significant changes in all-round development of the society through transmission of information. Information is the fulcrum for power and wealth and very crucial for economic and social development of the society. In India, a number of digital library initiatives and digitization programmes have been initiated across the country. Most of the digital library initiatives are government funded. The Ministry of Communications and Informati...

Gurram, Sujatha

2008-01-01

265

The local library across the digital and physical city: Opportunities for economic development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper considers the role of the public library as a community hub, engagement space, and entrepreneurial incubator in the context of the city, city governance, and local government planning. It considers this role from the perspective of library experts and their future visions for libraries in a networked knowledge economy. Public libraries (often operated by or on behalf of local governments potentially play a pivotal role for local governments in positioning communities within the global digital network. Fourteen qualitative interviews with library experts informed the study which investigates how the relationship between digital technology and the physical library space can potentially support the community to develop innovative, collaborative environments for transitioning to a digital future. The study found that libraries can capitalise on their position as community hubs for two purposes: first, to build vibrant community networks and forge economic links across urban localities; and second, to cross the digital divide and act as places of innovation and lifelong learning. Libraries provide a specific combination of community and technology spaces and have significant tangible connection points in the digital age. The paper further discusses the potential benefits for libraries in using ICT networks and infrastructure, such as the National Broadband Network in Australia. These networks could facilitate greater use of library assets and community knowledge, which, in turn, could assist knowledge economies and regional prosperity.

Kirralie Houghton

2014-07-01

266

Digital Television: The Future of Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital technology has turned a new page for television broadcasting. The convergence of television and computer has brought about powerful effects to television viewing experiences. Digital broadcasting combined with the Internet is conceived as a new driving force that will change the mode of learning in the very near future. Many educators

Maushak, Nancy; Cheng, Yahua; Wang, Hsi-chih

267

La biblioteca digital personalizable como complemento del sistema de bibliotecas de las universidades / Personalizable digital library as complement of the library system of the university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo recopila los antecedentes de las bibliotecas, hasta llegar a las bibliotecas en línea. Se realiza una breve comparación entre los diferentes tipos de bibliotecas existentes. Se describe la biblioteca digital personalizable, la cual permite la socialización del conocimiento, ideal [...] para ser utilizada en las universidades. Se refieren sus principales características y la posibilidad de ser utilizada como complemento de las bibliotecas físicas con las que cuentan las universidades. Abstract in english This work compiles the history of libraries, reaching to libraries online. A brief comparison between different types of libraries. Describes the customizable digital library which allows socialization of knowledge, ideal for universities use. Regards its main features and the possibility of being u [...] sed as a complement to physical libraries at their disposal universities.

Yanedi, Abreu Bartomeo; Luis, Domínguez Cruz; Maikel Manuel, Fernández Fernández.

268

Teraflops, Gigabits, and Digital Libraries-The Transition to a Digital Astronomy  

Science.gov (United States)

Astronomy and astrophysics is only exceeded by Earth and Environmental Sciences as a driver of change in high performance computing and communications. The need for realistic simulations of nature, as shown in the morning sessions, push supercomputer centers to move aggressively toward teraflop computational speeds and terabyte computer memories. Observational astronomy is pioneering the notion of distributed digital libraries and data archives as well as remote real-time control of observatories over the internet or gigabit testbeds. Using information browsers such as NCSA Mosaic, allows an international instantaneous sharing of information about all aspects of our discipline. Taken together, these trends give us a glimpse of what a digital astronomy will be like in the next century.

Smarr, L.

1994-05-01

269

Pricing Strategies and Models for the Provision of Digitized Texts in Higher Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes research into charging mechanisms for the delivery of digitized texts to higher education students in the United Kingdom and discusses the need for a satisfactory pricing model. Explains the HERON (Higher Education Resources On-Demand) and PELICAN (Pricing Experiment Library Information Cooperative Network) projects and considers…

Hardy, Rachel; Oppenheim, Charles; Rubbert, Iris

2002-01-01

270

Critical Technological and Architectural Choices for Access and Preservation in a Digital Library Environment.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes some basic architectural choices for the access to and preservation of digital objects at the National Library of Norway. A digital repository is a core element for the handling of both access to and preservation of the digital objects. Strategies for giving access to the complete holdings include the use of a powerful search…

Solbakk, Svein Arne

271

The Role and Value of Public Libraries in the Age of Digital Technologies  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses public libraries' role and value in the age of digital technologies. Reassessments of their role due to technological development and widespread public use of the Internet are analysed. Central challenges of the digital society, including an increased digital divide and a weakening of local community identity, have resulted in lower…

Aabo, Svanhild

2005-01-01

272

47 CFR 27.20 - Digital television transition education reports.  

Science.gov (United States)

... 2010-10-01 false Digital television transition education reports...and Licenses § 27.20 Digital television transition education reports...broadcast television service to digital broadcast television service (DTV) and, if...

2010-10-01

273

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30 and the other of Variations2 (n=12. Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

274

Criterios e indicadores para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales / Criteria and indicators to evaluate digital libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para [...] evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad. Abstract in english The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. Th [...] e proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.

Zulia, Ramírez Céspedes.

2006-12-01

275

Criterios e indicadores para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales / Criteria and indicators to evaluate digital libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para [...] evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad. Abstract in english The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. Th [...] e proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.

Zulia, Ramírez Céspedes.

276

SIOExplorer: Managing Data Flow into a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The diversity of the data held by the Geological Data Center at SIO is a tribute to the evolution of oceanography, from echo sounding rolls and hand-drawn charts to modern multibeam bathymetry. However, the changes in sensor technology and organizational approaches since 1903 present real challenges to the archivist, as we struggle to migrate the holdings into a web-accessible digital library for use by the public and scientific community (www.nsdl.org). Automation of the dataflow is an absolute necessity, with millions of files and a terabyte of data, although the biggest challenges come from complexity rather than bulk volume. The problems stem from our diverse archive collection, with its evolving data content, processing practices, naming conventions, and clutter from intermediate or obsolete files. This is not the only or the last data system to suffer from these problems, and an approach has been designed that can be applied to other projects. Instead of writing code to process each individual type of cruise, which varies from vessel to vessel over the fifty years and 795 cruises, we created a single Canonical Cruise Data Structure (CCDS). After some experimentation, the CCDS now consists of 9 basic categories and a reasonable number of sub-categories (directories) that can hold all the essential information. The key to flexibility and scalability comes from a template-driven rules approach that allows a processing script to harvest data from complex original data structures, and store them in the simple CCDS. The template mimics the structure of the CCDS. As the processing script traverses the template it finds rules for each category, instructing it on where to look for likely sources, and how to prioritize the results when multiple sources are detected. Over time as new situations are encountered, changes are simply made to the template, rather than the code. After the first tests, it became apparent that a visual method was needed to monitor the success of the harvesting, to make sure that every category is filled with the correct content. We can run simulated tests on our data staging area and report the results immediately in graphical form on our website. The web report shows data found (blue) and not found (red). A mouse-over operation shows the search string used as a rule for selection, and the list of files actually found. We are also employing visualization as a quality control technique to screen data prior to storage in the digital library. We are outputting a grid per multibeam file that can be viewed with public domain GMT tools, the Fledermaus visualization package, or ESRI Arcgis software, as a rapid check on sound velocity artifacts, noise levels, and editing status.

Clark, D.; Miller, S. P.; Peckman, U.; Chase, A.; Helly, J.

2002-12-01

277

The Role of Digital Libraries to Support of E-learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available E-learning is the new pattern of teaching and learning process. The main characteristic of e-learning is delivery of content and learning activity within learning management systems (LMS. E-learning for its success requires that access to resources and information services. Digital libraries can offer different resources and information services on the Internet. Therefore, it will be very useful to support e-learning in this article, after expression of definitions of e-learning and digital libraries, resources and services of digital libraries to support of e-learning were presented.

Akbar Majidi

2012-03-01

278

Research Libraries and the internet : On the transformative dynamic between institutions and digital media  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper argues that digital media have a disruptive potential, but path dependency is often a modifying component in the historical development. This is demonstrated in different stages of the development of the interrelationship between digitization, digital media and research libraries. Today the historical dynamic has reached a point where all institutions concerned with knowledge handling will have to redefine themselves. Research libraries are gradually incorporated into a number of new “research infrastructures” which are being built around different kinds of data materials, and each research library may specialize according to some sort of coordinated criteria.

Finnemann, Niels Ole

2014-01-01

279

Dynamic Use of Digital Library Material - Supporting Users with Typed Links in Open Hypermedia  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper introduces a novel approach to supporting digital library users in organising and annotating material. We have extended the concept of open hypermedia by introducing typed links, which support: addition of (user-defined) semantics to hypertexts, user navigation, and machine supported analysis and synthesis of hypermedia structures. The Webvise open hypermedia system is integrated with the World Wide Web, and has been augmented with a type system. We illustrate the potential use in the context of digital libraries with a scenario of teachers jointly preparing a course based on digital library material.

GrØnbæk, Kaj; Hansen, Klaus Marius

1999-01-01

280

The Qumran Visualization Project: Prospects for Digital Humanities in Theological Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Humanities are a hot topic in disciplines as varied as literature, history and cultural studies, but at present theology and religious studies departments seem to be lagging behind. This essay will offer a critical review of one Digital Humanities project that is relevant to theological libraries and Biblical Studies: the Qumran Visualization Project. The essay will discuss why theological libraries should start considering the Digital Humanities, and then offer some strategies for how libraries can support, promote or otherwise engage with this type of project.

Benjamin P. Murphy

2012-08-01

 
 
 
 
281

Interactive Editing and Cataloging Interfaces for Modern Digital Library Systems  

CERN Document Server

The next-generation High Energy Physics information system, INSPIRE, is being built by combining the content from the successful SPIRES database of bibliographic information with the CDS Invenio software being developed at CERN, an open-source platform for large digital library systems. The project is a collaboration between four major particle physics laboratories in Europe and the U.S. New tools are being developed to enable the global cooperation between catalogers at these labs. The BibEdit module will provide a central interface for the editing, enrichment, correction and verification of a record on its way into the system, by processing and presenting data from several supporting modules to the cataloger. The objective is to minimize the time and actions needed by the cataloger to process the record. To create a fast and powerful web application we make use of modern AJAX technology to create a dynamic and responsive user interface, where server communication happens in the background without delaying t...

Raae, L C

2009-01-01

282

BELIEF Project: the Portal and the Digital Library  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

BELIEF (Bringing Europes eLectronic Infrastructures to Expanding Frontiers) Project aim to create a platform where eInfrastructures providers and users can collaborate and exchange knowledge, which will help ensure that eInfrastructures are developed and used effectively worldwide, filling the gap separating the Research Infrastructure providers from the users, and thus contribute to the emergence of a competitive knowledge-based economy. To create this synergy of multi-disciplinary Research Infrastructure communities, BELIEF created a one-stop-shop for eInfrastructures communities providing online a Digital Library (DL) and a Portal with a search and contact facility, case studies, a discussion forum, eInfrastructures publications. Offline, it has organised events including brainstorming, networking workshops and international conferences and publications, since BELIEFs values are firmly rooted in international cooperation to the emerging economies, particularly of Latin America and India. The Portal and the DL are key parts of this project. There was an opportunity to provide a ready and common source of information on eInfrastructures, both for the users wanting to find out the supply, and for the providers wanting to extend user base and develop their systems. The Portal and the DL respond to this demand by supplying to researchers documentation that matches their search criteria precisely, according to their interest and professional profile. (Author)professional profile. (Author)

283

Redeye: A Digital Library for Forensic Document Triage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Forensic document analysis has become an important aspect of investigation of many different kinds of crimes from money laundering to fraud and from cybercrime to smuggling. The current workflow for analysts includes powerful tools, such as Palantir and Analyst s Notebook, for moving from evidence to actionable intelligence and tools for finding documents among the millions of files on a hard disk, such as FTK. However, the analysts often leave the process of sorting through collections of seized documents to filter out the noise from the actual evidence to a highly labor-intensive manual effort. This paper presents the Redeye Analysis Workbench, a tool to help analysts move from manual sorting of a collection of documents to performing intelligent document triage over a digital library. We will discuss the tools and techniques we build upon in addition to an in-depth discussion of our tool and how it addresses two major use cases we observed analysts performing. Finally, we also include a new layout algorithm for radial graphs that is used to visualize clusters of documents in our system.

Bogen, Paul Logasa [ORNL; McKenzie, Amber T [ORNL; Gillen, Rob [ORNL

2013-01-01

284

Cultural Dimensions of Digital Library Development, Part I: Theory and Methodological Framework for a Comparative Study of the Cultures of Innovation in Five European National Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the influence of culture on digital libraries of the first wave. The local cultures of innovation of five European national libraries (Biblioteca nacional de Portugal, Bibliotheque nationale de France, Die Deutsche Bibliothek, the National Library of Scotland, and the British Library) are reconstructed in case histories from…

Dalbello, Marija

2008-01-01

285

An Evaluation Model of Digital Educational Resources  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract—Today, the use of digital educational resources in teaching and learning is considerably expanding. Such expansion calls educators and computer scientists to reflect more on the design of such products. However, this reflection exposes a number of criteria and recommendations that can guide and direct any teaching tool design be it campus-based or online (e-learning. Our work is at the heart of this issue. We suggest, through this article, examining academic, pedagogical, didactic and technical criteria to conduct this study which aims to evaluate the quality of digital educational resources. Our approach consists in addressing the specific and relevant factors of each evaluation criterion. We will then explain the detailed structure of the evaluation instrument used : “evaluation grid”. Finally, we show the evaluation outcomes based on the conceived grid and then we establish an analytical evaluation of the state of the art of digital educational resources.

Abderrahim El Mhouti

2013-05-01

286

Creating a world standard materials for library and service; from viewpoint of an American university library : Part 2 The libraries at the intellectual crossroads of the university community: Higher education reform and changes in library services  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating a world standard materials for library and service; from viewpoint of an American university library : Part 2 The libraries at the intellectual crossroads of the university community: Higher education reform and changes in library services

Yokota-Carter, Keiko

287

Language engineering for the Semantic Web: a digital library for endangered languages. Endangered languages, Ontology, Digital library, Multimedia, EMELD, Intelligent querying and retrieval, ImageSpace  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we describe the effort undertaken at Wayne State University to preserve endangered languages using the state-of-the-art information technologies. In particular, we discuss the issues involved in such an effort, and present the architecture of a distributed digital library for endangered languages which will contain various data of endangered languages in the forms of text, image, video, audio and include advanced tools for intelligent cataloguing, indexing, searching and browsing information on languages and language analysis. We use various Semantic Web technologies such as XML, OLAC, ontologies so that our digital library becomes a useful linguistic resource on the Semantic Web.

Lu Shiyong

2004-01-01

288

Design Dimensions Enabling Divergent Behaviour across Physical, Digital, and Social Library Interfaces  

Science.gov (United States)

What design dimensions across physical, digital, and social library interfaces may enable and trigger users to find more information resources than planned or known in advance? The paper outlines a conceptual framework with libraries as integrative interfaces across physical, digital, and social affordances and users that mix convergent (goal-directed) and divergent (exploratory) information behaviour. Ten design dimensions that enable and trigger divergent behaviour are outlined. Implications for persuasive design are discussed.

Björneborn, Lennart

289

Performance Measures of Academic Digital Library Services: A Delphy Study at the University of Camerino  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Since the emergence of digital libraries, research and practical developments have grown exponentially, while evaluation activities have been lagging far behind. It is widely acknowledged that when getting at the issue of assessment in a digital library environment, much has yet to be investigated (Saracevic, 2000; Shearer, 2002; Chowdhury & Chowdhury, 2003; Cullen, 2003; Bertot, 2004). As an iterative multistage approach based on consensus, the Delphi research method is suitable for inves...

Fraticelli, Clementina

2006-01-01

290

Bilingual Subject-based Information Retrieval in NECLIB2 Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper we present our work on bilingual subject-based information retrieval in a real world digital library, called NECLIB2, which complements a classic open shelf library that includes around 50,000 materials (many of them being very rare that are books and e-books, periodicals, audio and video CDs and DVDs, video tapes, scanned microfiche etc., and more than 18,000 items are audio recordings with classical music (in course of digitization.

Zoran Constantinescu , Monica Vladoiu

2012-08-01

291

Proceedings of the First Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries (VLDL2008)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In todays information society the demand for Digital Libraries is changing. The implementation of nowadays Digital Libraries is more demanding than in the past. Information consumers are facing with the need to have access to an ever growing and heterogeneous information space while information providers are interested in satisfying such needs by providing rich and organised views over such information deluge. Because of their fundamental role of information production and dissemination vehic...

Manghi, Paolo; Pagano, Pasquale; Zezula, Pavel

2008-01-01

292

Libraries for users services in academic libraries  

CERN Document Server

This book reviews the quality and evolution of academic library services. It revises service trends offered by academic libraries and the challenge of enhancing traditional ones such as: catalogues, repositories and digital collections, learning resources centres, virtual reference services, information literacy and 2.0 tools.studies the role of the university library in the new educational environment of higher educationrethinks libraries in academic contextredefines roles for academic libraries

Alvite, Luisa

2010-01-01

293

Library Services for Users of Personal Digital Assistants: A Needs Assessment and Program Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

Research was undertaken to guide development of services for personal digital assistant (PDA) users at the University of Alberta Libraries. A variety of qualitative methods were used to assess user satisfaction with current PDA services and identify potential PDA services for the libraries and resources. The research and needs assessment results…

Carney, Stephen; Koufogiannakis, Denise; Ryan, Pam

2007-01-01

294

As Libraries Go Digital, Sharing of Data Is at Odds with Tradition of Privacy  

Science.gov (United States)

Colleges share many things on Twitter, but one topic can be risky to broach: the reading habits of library patrons. Patrons' privacy is precious to most librarians. Yet new Web services thrive on collecting and sharing the very information that has long been protected. This points to an emerging tension as libraries embrace digital services.…

Parry, Marc

2012-01-01

295

The evidence based approach in determining the service policy of libraries: The reality of digital hybrids  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Although they are non-profit making organisations, the main aim of libraries is to satisfy their customers, that is, the library users. This aim is achieved as long as the needs and expectations of the users are met. For this reason, the libraries must know their users very well and must provide a service which fulfils their needs and expectations. Therefore, rather than following fashionable or popular approaches which are discussed in the literature, libraries should carry out their own analyses and develop an evidence-based service policy for their users. In this study, it is stressed that the users of the library, who form one of the basic elements of the library, are not now necessarily divided into 2 distinct groups of “digital natives” and “digital immigrants”, as stated in the literature, but are, in fact, mostly “digital hybrids”. The study also examines how to user group of “digital hybrids” has an effect on the management procedures of the library and how this element affects the management of the other elements. The aims of this study are to demonstrate using an evidence-based approach, that university students in Turkey, like the university libraries which serve them, display hybrid patterns of behaviour in their approach to accessing information; and to emphasise that it is necessary, when providing service, to analyse the target group and to take an approach which is not opinion-based, but evidence-based.

Asiye Kak?rman Y?ld?z

2013-07-01

296

How to Use the Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) digital libraries provide access to free online scientific resources about oceans, coasts, and coastal watersheds. MRIB allows category, geographic, and keyword searching, alone or in combination. Instructions for searching the three MRIB libraries and for refining the searches are explained in detail.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.

2009-01-01

297

Can Digital Learning Transform Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

The enthusiasm for digital learning is contagious. More than 2 million K-12 students are enrolled in online courses today, and research firm Ambient Insight projects that figure will hit 10 million by 2014. Will today's wave of technology inexorably change the face of schooling, or must school administrators first alter policy? This article…

Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Horn, Michael B.

2013-01-01

298

Digital Citizenship for Educational Change  

Science.gov (United States)

Students are coming to school with more and more exposure to digital tools, such as smartphones, tablets, and social networking apps (Rideout, Foehr, and Roberts 2010). Though teachers are trying to "catch up" with their students, many were not provided instruction in these skills during their preservice training, and technology is only one among…

Ribble, Mike

2012-01-01

299

A Practical Guide for Building a Digital Library: User-Focused Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

With changing user expectations, many libraries are moving toward digital content. Accessible from anywhere at any time, digital content provides users with efficient, on-demand information experiences. Accordingly, librarians are presented with challenges and opportunities to build, manage, and implement outreach strategies that promote their…

Zhu, Qin; Guevara, Sophia

2009-01-01

300

PATRON: Using a Multimedia Digital Library for Learning and Teaching in the Performing Arts.  

Science.gov (United States)

The creation and application of a multimedia digital library to support learning and teaching in the performing arts is described. PATRON (Performing Arts Teaching Resources Online) delivers audio, video, music scores, dance notation, and theater scripts to the desktop via an innovative Web-based interface. Digital objects are linked subjectively…

Lyon, Elizabeth

 
 
 
 
301

Nitya Archive : Software for Full Text Digital Libraries in Indian Languages  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper looks into the need for developing full text digital archives and libraries with programmes that can process Indian vernacular languages. Use of local scripts becomes inevitable in the creation of Information systems for digitized palm leaves, manuscripts and other local documents. Also discusses about the importance of conceiving an alternate algorithm for digital archives that is capable of searching and retrieving individual pages rather than whole documents, which is the current...

Raman Nair, R.; Hussain, K. H.

2010-01-01

302

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas / DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o e [...] specializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio. Abstract in english The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt wit [...] h on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Ana Margarita, Cabrera Facundo; Adrián, Coutín Domínguez.

303

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o especializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio.The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt with on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Ana Margarita Cabrera Facundo

2005-04-01

304

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas / DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o e [...] specializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio. Abstract in english The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt wit [...] h on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Ana Margarita, Cabrera Facundo; Adrián, Coutín Domínguez.

2005-04-01

305

Empowering Students in Information Literacy Practices Using a Collaborative Digital Library for School Projects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper examines the affordances that a collaborative digital library (CDL can bring to bear on supporting information literacy practices in the digital information environment. It suggests that the digital library can contribute to student empowerment in information literacy practices while searching, using and collaboratively building the digital library resources. To illustrate this, the authors have been experimenting with the implementation of an integrated information literacy model based on Eisenberg and Berkowitz’ Big 6 Model and describes the CDL features in association with the information literacy dimensions in this model. The CDL focuses on the project-based learning approach to conduct students’ project, which supports specific information behaviors that underpin research and learning such as information seeking, browsing, encountering, foraging, sharing, gathering, filtering, and using. Findings regarding teachers’ reception of the digital library are encouraging as they feel the relevance of the digital library to the current requirement of the students’ project and its potential to entrench information and resource study skills through project-based learning.

Abrizah Abdullah

2008-09-01

306

Digital Libraries for Humanities Scholars: An empirical study of users’ information behaviors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While user-centered design has been emphasized, much of the discussion of digital libraries is concerned about choosing Web-based technology to create a digitized collection and establish related infrastructure. An investigation into the potential users of a community-based digital library suggests that some critical social, ecological and cultural aspects of information-related behavior of those users need to be taken into account for a digital library to accomplish its goals. This paper reports on an empirical study of scholarly communication among users of the Taiwan Historical Archives and how those scholars and researchers find and use information. Several design principles are suggested based on the findings of such user study.[Article content in Chinese

Shan-Ju L. Chang

1999-12-01

307

Integration of multimedia content and e-learning resources in a digital library  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper we describe a proposal for multimedia and e-learning content description based on standards interoperability within a digital library environment integrated in a virtual campus. In any virtual e-learning environment, a complex scenario which usually includes a digital library or, at least, a repository of learning resources, different levels of description are needed for all the elements: learning resources, multimedia content, activities, roles, etc. These elements can be described using library, e-learning and multimedia standards, depending on the specific needs of each particular scenario of use, but this might lead to an undesirable duplication of metadata, and to inefficient content queries and maintenance. Furthermore, there is a lack of semantic descriptions which makes all these contents merely become digital objects in the digital library, without exploiting all the possibilities in a e-learning virtual environment. Due to its flexibility and completeness, we propose to use the MPEG-7 standard for describing all the learning resources in the digital library, combined with the use of an ontology for a formal description of the learning process. The equivalences of Dublin Core, LOM and MPEG-7 standards are outlined, and the requirements of a proposal for a MPEG-7 based representation for all the contents in the digital library and the virtual classroom are described. The intellectual property policies for content sharing both within and among organizations are also addressed. With such proposal, it would be possible to build complex multimedia courses from a repository of learning objects using the digital library as the core repository.

Pascual, Mireia; Ferran, Núria; Minguillón, Julià

2006-01-01

308

Grants for Higher Education. 2012 Digital Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication is only available as a downloadable file. See who's giving and getting grants in your field. Strengthen your search for funds with the Foundation Center's digital edition of "Grants for Higher Education." This new "Grant Guide" reveals the scope of current foundation giving in the field. You'll find descriptions of 19,705 grants…

Foundation Center, 2011

2011-01-01

309

A representação de imagens no acervo da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire: proposta e percursos / Image representation in Paulo Freire Digital Library Collection: proposal and routes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente trabalho apresenta os resultados obtidos no projeto Identificação e Análise de Imagem para Formação de um Sistema de Representação e Recuperação da Informação, financiado pela Coordenação Institucional de Ensino a Distância da UFPB, que visa à elaboração de princípios de representação da [...] informação imagética do acervo da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire, com o intuito de formar uma política de representação para a informação de natureza imagética. Para sua execução, contou-se com os pressupostos teóricos da semiótica, estética e teoria da arte, bem como subsídios da teoria da representação. Como resultados o presente trabalho aponta as possíveis formas de representação das imagens e sua incorporação ao acervo informacional da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire. Abstract in english The objective of this paper is to present the results obtained on the project Identification and Analysis of Image for Development of an Information Recovery and Representation System, which was financed by the Institutional Coordination for Distance Education. The project purposes the elaboration o [...] f representation principles of imagetic information in Paulo Freire Digital Library collection. To support its execution, the theoretical conjectures of semiotics, art theory and aesthetic were considered, as well as subsidies of representation theory. The present paper points out image representation aspects and its incorporation into the informational collection of Paulo Freire Digital Library.

Carlos Xavier de Azevedo, Netto; Bernardina Maria Juvenal, Freire; Perpétua, Pereira.

310

Library 2.0 - crossing or burning bridges over the digital divide?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper describes a qualitative case study on the effect of the Library 2.0 model on the digital divide. It’s inspired by the new question of the public libraries place in the modern information society and uses three Scandinavian texts on the organizational, patron and society perspective. Interviews with a chief librarian in charge of an adaption to the Library 2.0 in a Swedish public library and two of its patrons have been conducted to learn more about the subject. Conclusions ...

Weman, Maria

2010-01-01

311

Libraries in the Contemporary Society – challenges, mutations, perspectives in a digital context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In contemporary society libraries are actively involved in the process of acquisition, collections management, communication, preservation and archiving of information and of documentary resources. In order to fulfil their mission, libraries should find viable solutions and provide pertinent answers related to the new challenges of the electronic environment, by integrating new information and communication technologies. A series of obvious changes take place within the library as the major info-documentary structure, at the level of the processes of librarianship, of the services and products offered, finally at the level of library and information science practitioners, taking into account the users and their information needs. Currently, we are witnessing a real transformation of the libraries from analogue to hybrid, and libraries with important digital collections are becoming leading institutions managing information and knowledge that become developing activities in the new context of Information and Communication Technologies.

Elena Tîrziman

2009-01-01

312

Promoting Educational Equity through School Libraries: Equity Activity Book.  

Science.gov (United States)

The activities suggested in this workbook for participants in a continuing education program for inservice school media specialists are designed to develop the trainee's skills in identifying instances of sexism and sex stereotyping in education, and in promoting sex fairness in the library. Exercises and tests on the first module are concerned…

Arizona State Univ., Tempe.

313

Alphabet Soup: School Library Media Education in the United States  

Science.gov (United States)

Universities offering school library media programs seek accreditation from various regional and national organizations. This accreditation makes the programs valid and marketable. School media programs within a college of education seek accreditation from specialized accrediting bodies. The National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education

Underwood, Linda

2007-01-01

314

Developing a Digital Video Library with the YouTube Data API  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available MSU Library has created a digital video library using the YouTube API to power our local library channel. It is a complete search and browse application with item level views, microdata, a caching and optimization routine, and a file backup routine. The article will discuss applying the YouTube API as a database application layer: workflow efficiencies, metadata procedures and local backup and optimization procedures. Code samples in PHP, .htaccess examples, and shell commands used in developing the application and routines will be explained at length. And finally, a complete prototype application will be released on github for other libraries to get started using the lessons learned. A live version of the application is here: http://www.lib.montana.edu/channel/. The real benefit of this method is the low overhead for smaller shops and the ability to scale production and distribution of digital video.

Jason Clark

2013-04-01

315

IMS Metadata in a Digital Library: Experiences from iLumina  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation provides an overview of the iLumina project, which is developing a digital library, funded by the National Science Foundation. After a brief introduction to the goals of the project and the library interfaces and functionality, we focus on several aspects of our implementation and use of IMS metadata: What IMS metadata elements and vocabularies do we support and why? How metadata is used to underpin a variety of library services, and do these service benefits offset the costs of creating the metadata? What information do we put in metadata and what do we recommend be put elsewhere (and why)? How have we implemented the IMS metadata, and what were the design alternatives? How have we made the implementation decisions, in terms of speed of development, ease of maintenance and enhanced functionality? What do we see as the next steps for using metadata, and for developing generic tools to flexibly manage IMS metadata, in digital libraries?

Mcarthur, Dave; Giersch, Ms. S.; Mcclelland, Marty

2003-03-18

316

Library e-induction: alleviating anxiety with digital doughnuts: a case study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This case study will explore some innovative methods of library induction at a higher education library in the UK, Southampton Solent University, looking particularly at e-induction and alternative approaches to the management of library anxiety.The induction programme includes features that are modular, interactive and - most particularly - student centred. They cater for a variety of preferences, including video, audio, text based and multi-media options. The variety of approaches taken by ...

Timothy Collinson; Alison Williams

2006-01-01

317

Relevance feedback and query expansion for searching the web: a model for searching a digital library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A fully operational large scale digital library is likely to be based on a distributed architecture and because of this it is likely that a number of independent search engines may be used to index different overlapping portions of the entire contents of the library. In any case, different media, text, audio, image, etc., will be indexed for retrieval by different search engines so techniques which provide a coherent and unified search over a suite of underlying independent search engines are...

Smeaton, Alan F.; Crimmins, Francis

1997-01-01

318

Towards an integrated digital library; exploration of user responses to a `joined-Up' service  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital library users have to deal with many separate services. This paper describes efforts in the United Kingdom to use OpenURL technology to provide `joined-up' services. The focus is on zetoc, a national electronic service, which enables users to find references in a British Library bibliographic database. zetoc now uses OpenURL technology to provide routes to services, which might give users access to electronic full text versions of references they have found. Data is provided from two ...

Eason, Ken; Harker, Susan; Apps, Ann; Macintyre, Ross

2004-01-01

319

[Innovations in education for the digital student].  

Science.gov (United States)

A significant percentage of today's teaching staff received their professional training before the revolution in information and communication technology took place. Students, by contrast, are so-called 'digital natives': they grew up surrounded by digital technology. Present day students are used to multi-tasking and expect to be facilitated in using educationalfacilities regardless of time and place. Adapting higher education to present day students' study behaviour and expectations requires reconsideration of educationalform and methods. Several types of staff can be distinguished in their attitude towards technological innovation in education. Among them are staff who are reluctant in accepting innovations. Dental schools face the challenge of finding supportfor innovations with all their teaching staff and to better adapt to the twenty-first century student. In order to introduce technological innovations successfully, students need to become involved and sufficient attention must be paid to qualifying instructors. PMID:22812266

Koopman, P; Vervoorn, J M

2012-06-01

320

Simple educational tool for digital speckle shearography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, an educational tool has been prepared for obtaining short-term and more economic training on digital speckle shearography (DSS). Shearography non-destructive testing (NDT) has gained wide acceptance over the last decade, providing a number of important and exciting inspection solutions in aerospace, electronics and medical device manufacturing. For exploring these motivations, it is important to develop didactic tools to understand the potential of digital shearography through training and didactic courses in the field of NDT. In this paper we describe a simple tool for making one familiar with the potential of DSS in the area of education and training. The system is realized with a simple and economic optical setup and a virtual instrument based on the LabVIEW™ and DAQ. (paper)

 
 
 
 
321

Survey of Integration Cost-Adoption between Digital Library Systems in Iran  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main goal of this article was identifying cost elements in syntactic integrating digital library systems in Iran. The levels of integration are content, technical, and organizational. It is obvious we could access some sub goals such as identifying current situation of information systems from the view points of data storage, needed standard outputs, and the current situation of interoperability in Iran, and suitable integration model in Iranian digital libraries. The analytical survey method was used in this research. Research population included 11 digital library systems that were used in Iranian digital libraries. In order to gather information, a researcher made questionnaire was used because of not existing standard collecting data tool. Findings demonstrated that we should search on three levels of interoperability: content, technical, and organizational level in order to identifying cost-adoption elements in syntactic interoperability. Also, findings showed that the elements of organizational level were too important level in cost-adoption elements. Also this research demonstrated that the high cost of adoption was related to libraries and their organizations.

Mehdi Alipour-Hafezi

2013-03-01

322

The National Library at a Crossroads : The Digital Content Revolution and its Consequences  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This article identifies a number of challenges facing national libraries all over the world as digitally-born materials replace the physical antecedents that have been well known to us for centuries, and it describes how the Royal Library of Denmark is responding to these challenges. The author argues that if we want to preserve the digitally-born part of cultural heritage and knowledge production in the future, these problems have to be solved. We are running out of time if we are to avoid the loss of data and cultural heritage in the coming decades, as indeed happened on the web in the 1990s.

Kolding Nielsen, Erland

2012-01-01

323

The Theory and Implementation for Metadata in Digital Library/Museum  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Libraries and Museums (DL/M have become one of the important research issues of Library and Information Science as well as other related fields. This paper describes the basic concepts of DL/M and briefly introduces the development of Taiwan Digital Museum Project. Based on the features of various collections, wediscuss how to maintain, to manage and to exchange metadata, especially from the viewpoint of users. We propose the draft of metadata, MICI (Metadata Interchange for Chinese Information , developed by ROSS (Resources Organization and SearchingSpecification team. Finally, current problems and future development of metadata will be touched.[Article content in Chinese

Hsueh-hua Chen

1998-12-01

324

Are libraries obsolete? an argument for relevance in the digital age  

CERN Document Server

The digital age has transformed information access in ways that few ever dreamed. But the afterclap of our digital wonders has left libraries reeling as they are no longer the chief contender in information delivery. The author gives both sides--the web aficionados, some of them unhinged, and the traditional librarians, some blinkered--a fair hearing but misconceptions abound. Internet be-all and end-all enthusiasts are no more useful than librarians who urge fellow professionals to be all things to all people. The American Library Association, wildly democratic at its best and worst, appears

Herring, Mark Y

2014-01-01

325

YouTube and Academic Libraries: Building a Digital Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

Although still a relatively new technology with less than 10 years of history, YouTube's extensive reach and integration in mainstream society as well as lifelong learning habits of online users cannot be understated. This article examines how the YouTube collection at the University of British Columbia Library's Irving K. Barber Learning Centre…

Cho, Allan

2013-01-01

326

The Role of Indexing in the Research and Development of Digital Libraries: A Call for Closer Examination of Domain-Specific Indexing and Thesaurus Construction To Improve Access to Digital Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research is to investigate indexing issues that pertain to the development of digital libraries, including: the identification of sublanguage vocabulary; domain-specific indexing; and other indexing tools. Thesauri are needed for digital libraries in order to improve end-user access. To demonstrate the importance of thesauri to…

Wharton, Sarah K.

327

From genesis to revelation of an online resource: The North Carolina History and Fiction Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper provides an account of the development of the North Carolina History and Fiction Digital Library (http://www.lib.ecu.edu/ncc/historyfiction/) from an idea into a worldwide resource in two years. The principal investigator for the project introduces the Web site and gives practical and technical information that can be used as a model in other digital projects. The paper includes use statistics; reactions to the site; suggestions for how students, historians, genealogists, and other...

Smith, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

328

A Spectrum of Interoperability: The Site for Science Prototype for the NSDL; Re-Inventing the Wheel? Standards, Interoperability and Digital Cultural Content; Preservation Risk Management for Web Resources: Virtual Remote Control in Cornell's Project Prism; Safekeeping: A Cooperative Approach to Building a Digital Preservation Resource; Object Persistence and Availability in Digital Libraries; Illinois Digital Cultural Heritage Community-Collaborative Interactions among Libraries, Museums and Elementary Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses digital libraries, including interoperability, metadata, and international standards; Web resource preservation efforts at Cornell University; digital preservation at the National Library of Australia; object persistence and availability; collaboration among libraries, museums and elementary schools; Asian digital libraries; and a Web…

Arms, William Y.; Hillmann, Diane; Lagoze, Carl; Krafft, Dean; Marisa, Richard; Saylor, John; Terizzi, Carol; Van de Sompel, Herbert; Gill, Tony; Miller, Paul; Kenney, Anne R.; McGovern, Nancy Y.; Botticelli, Peter; Entlich, Richard; Payette, Sandra; Berthon, Hilary; Thomas, Susan; Webb, Colin; Nelson, Michael L.; Allen, B. Danette; Bennett, Nuala A.; Sandore, Beth; Pianfetti, Evangeline S.

2002-01-01

329

Book Review: Digital preservation of cultural heritage collection: Among libraries of India and Iran: A comparative study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital libraries universally have emerged in two ways. One, they are born digital (also known as electronic resource. Two, they are converted to become digital-by scanning or other data capturing techniques –from printed, microform, manuscripts, etc.. The converted digital resources demand greater attention by decision makers with regards design, plan and implementation– i.e., in the process of preservation of cultural heritage collections. The book depicts both the types of digital collections, albeit in a limited way, viz., a sample population for libraries based on heritage resources and level of digitization, and b two developing countries.

Mohamed Taher

2012-06-01

330

A survey of medical students on the impact of a new digital imaging library in the dissection room.  

Science.gov (United States)

Radiology has a recognised role in undergraduate anatomy education. The recent digitalisation of radiology has created new learning opportunities involving techniques such as image labelling, 3D reconstruction, and multiplanar reformatting. An opportunity was identified at the University of Nottingham to create a digital library of normal radiology images as a learner-driven adjunct in anatomy dissection sessions. We describe the process of creating a de novo digital library by sourcing images for presentation at computer workstations. Students' attitudes towards this new resource were assessed using a questionnaire which used a 5 point Likert scale and also offered free text responses. One hundred and forty-one out of 260 students (54%) completed the questionnaire. The most notable findings were: a positive response to the relevance of imaging to the session topics (median score 4), strong agreement that images should be available on the university website (median score 5), and disagreement that enough workstations were available (median score 2). About 24% of respondents suggested independently that images needed more labeling to help with orientation and identification. This first phase of supplying a comprehensive imaging library can be regarded as a success. Increasing availability and incorporating dynamic labeling are well recognized as important design concepts for electronic learning resources and these will be improved in the second phase of delivery as a direct result of student feedback. Hopefully other centers can benefit from this experience and will consider such a venture to be worthwhile. PMID:19637297

Turmezei, T D; Tam, M D B S; Loughna, S

2009-09-01

331

??????????Metadata????????? | Cataloging and Metadata Education in Taiwan Library and Information Science Programs/ Mei-Ling Wang  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????Metadata??????????????????????(1??????????? ???????????(2???????????????????????????(3??Metadata???????????(4???? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Metadata?????? ??Metadata??????????????????????????????????9?????????22??????????46???? ??6??????????????74 ????????8.2??????2?Metadata???

The article mainly discusses organization of information as well as Metadata education in Taiwan. The paper presents finding of a survey on the state of cataloging and Metadata education in nine library and information science programs in Taiwan. The author sent questionnaires to nine library and information science programs, used web sites content analysis, and undertook in-depth interviews with faculties teaching organization of information courses. The survey showed there were seventy four courses on cataloging and Metadata provided, including twenty-two basic courses, forty six advanced courses, and six internet and digital information organizing courses. Among those courses, there were two Metadata courses provided by Fu-Jen Catholic University and Hsuang Chuang University. Metadata topics were well integrated into organization of information curriculum. Although educators agreed on the inclusion of specific knowledge and skills in Metadata instruction, they did not agree that it was necessary to provide Metadata courses. They also agreed that there were gaps between cataloging / Metadata education and library need for shortage of course credit hours. Some suggestions were proposed to assist education in providing students with competencies in cataloging and Metadata.

???103-122

???

2007-04-01

332

Educação inclusiva e bibliotecas acessíveis Inclusive education and accessible libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available [Portuguese]Descreve a educação inclusiva e bibliotecas acessíveis referentes ao atendimento a alunos com deficiência visual na Biblioteca Central César Lattes da UNICAMP. O Laboratório de Acessibilidade tem cumprido sua missão de propiciar um ambiente inclusivo de suporte ao ensino e aprendizagem aos alunos com deficiência visual. [English]Describe the inclusive education and accessible libraries to attendance students with visual deficiency in the UNICAMP Central Library Cesar Lattes. The Laboratory of Accessibility has fulfilled its mission to propitiate an inclusive environment of support to education and learning to students with visual deficiency.

Vanessa Cristina Oliveira

2008-01-01

333

The challenges of establishing digital library services in an Open and Distance Learning (ODL environment and the potential benefits: The road towards the integration of digital and traditional library services, the case of Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The information age is the zeitgeist of the twenty first century with the pervasive use of computers transcending across all sectors such as education, health and library and information departments. Of crucial importance is the ability of ICTs to break the barriers of time and distance that makes them an asset in the provision of library and information services .More so in Open and Distance Learning (ODL institution?s library services as it provides electronic information and knowledge in support of various study programmes and researches to a geographically spaced clientele. The paper highlights challenges librarians face in integrating traditional information delivery based on print with modern computerised and networking delivery of digital information. Noting however the pervasiveness of print media in providing literature and knowledge and also administrative functions such as applications and registration to support various ODL programmes albeit with the handicap of limited geographical reach of the distant student. The discussion addresses the issues of ICT duality capacities as a basic infrastructure for information and communications, highlighting the dual challenge of ICT development and ICT for development. The survey noted accessibility challenges experienced by ZOU Mashonaland east library in accessing e-resources and their preference for print resources.

Kudakwashe Danmore Keithy Tapfumaneyi

2013-07-01

334

The Effect of Digital Publishing on Technical Services in University Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

The past decade has brought enormous changes in scholarly communication, leading many libraries to undertake large-scale digital publishing initiatives. However, no study has investigated how technical services departments are changing to support these new services. Using change management as a theoretical framework, the investigator uses content…

Hunter, Ben

2013-01-01

335

Evaluation of a Digital Library by Means of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) and the Kano Model  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper proposes utilizing a combination of the Quality Function Deployment (QFD)-Kano model as a useful tool to evaluate service quality. The digital library of the University of Guadalajara (Mexico) is presented as a case study. Data to feed the QFD-Kano model was gathered by an online questionnaire that was made available to users on the…

Garibay, Cecilia; Gutierrez, Humberto; Figueroa, Arturo

2010-01-01

336

Building a Multi-Discipline Digital Library Through Extending the Dienst Protocol  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this project is to establish multi-discipline capability for a unified, canonical digital library service for scientific and technical information (STI). This is accomplished by extending the Dienst Protocol to be aware of subject classification of a servers holdings. We propose a hierarchical, general, and extendible subject classification that can encapsulate existing classification systems.

Nelson, Michael L.; Maly, Kurt; Shen, Stewart N. T.

1997-01-01

337

Yahoo Works with Academic Libraries on a New Project to Digitize Books  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the most recent search-engine company to join with academic libraries in digitizing large collections of books to make them easily searchable online. Yahoo Inc. has teamed up with the University of California system, the University of Toronto, and several archives and technology companies on a project that could potentially…

Carlson, Scott; Young, Jeffrey R.

2005-01-01

338

Browsing Document Collections: Automatically Organizing Digital Libraries and Hypermedia Using the Gray Code.  

Science.gov (United States)

Proposes a model for digital library and hypermedia organizations that is adaptive, providing different conceptual orderings to support browsing for different individuals' or groups' needs. Highlights include types of links, document ordering and the Gray code (a binary programming code), adaptive classification, and an economic model for document…

Losee, Robert M.

1997-01-01

339

University of Nebraska Libraries Digital Collections: Government Comics Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

If titles such as "Adventures of the Garbage Gremlin" and "Adventures on Space Station Freedom" sound like comic book titles, it's because they are. These titles weren't produced by Marvel or DC however, but rather by the federal government. This digital collection of these works is the result of a two-year scanning and research project initiated by Richard Graham, assistant professor and digital media librarian at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. All told, the collection contains 180 comics, posters, and transcripts from congressional hearings on comics. Visitors can search through the entire collection and they will also quickly get a sense of the pedagogical function of these rather curious documents. There are a few "classics" here, including the legendary "Bert The Turtle Says Duck And Cover", which was intended to provide instruction on what to do in case of a nuclear weapon attack.

340

??????????????? ???????:???? The Development of Digital Learning Objects for a “Research Methods” Course in Library and Information Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????ADDIE?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????With the continued development of information and communication technologies, and an increased acceptance for new technological products, the digital learning environment has gradually matured. Governments worldwide have invested financial and human resources to create e-learning courses and develop e-learning materials for four purposes: 1 avoid duplicating the same curriculum, 2 increase learning options, 3 enrich the learning experience, and 4 support a society for lifelong learning. This study attempts to apply the ADDIE instructional design model, along with Rapid E-Learning tools, to develop learning objects for “Research Methods,” a common graduate course in the Library and Information Sciences department. The certification standards for e-learning materials, issued by the Ministry of Education, were adopted as the assessment tool to understand the learner’s attitude and preference regarding those learning objects. It is expected that the research outcome serve as a basis for formulating DLO design principles, and for better applying DLOs in the classroom environment.

Shan-Ju L. Chang

2012-03-01

 
 
 
 
341

The NASA ADS Abstract Service and the Distributed Astronomy Digital Library [and] Project Soup: Comparing Evaluations of Digital Collection Efforts [and] Cross-Organizational Access Management: A Digital Library Authentication and Authorization Architecture [and] BibRelEx: Exploring Bibliographic Databases by Visualization of Annotated Content-based Relations [and] Semantics-Sensitive Retrieval for Digital Picture Libraries [and] Encoded Archival Description: An Introduction and Overview.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes six articles that discuss a digital library for astronomy; comparing evaluations of digital collection efforts; cross-organizational access management of Web-based resources; searching scientific bibliographic databases based on content-based relations between documents; semantics-sensitive retrieval for digital picture libraries; and…

Kurtz, Michael J.; Eichorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn S.; Demleitner, Markus; Murray, Stephen S.; Jones, Michael L. W.; Gay, Geri K.; Rieger, Robert H.; Millman, David; Bruggemann-Klein, Anne; Klein, Rolf; Landgraf, Britta; Wang, James Ze; Li, Jia; Chan, Desmond; Wiederhold, Gio; Pitti, Daniel V.

1999-01-01

342

Leveraging on Easy Java Simulation tool and open source computer simulation library to create interactive digital media for mass customization of high school physics curriculum  

CERN Document Server

This paper highlights the diverse possibilities in the rich community of educators from the Conceptual Learning of Science (CoLoS) and Open Source Physics (OSP) movement to engage, enable and empower educators and students, to create interactive digital media through computer modeling. This concept revolves around a paradigmatic shift towards participatory learning through immersive computer modeling, as opposed to using technology for information transmission. We aim to engage high school educators to professionally develop themselves by creating and customizing simulations possible through Easy Java Simulation (Ejs) and its learning community. Ejs allows educators to be designers of learning environments through modifying source codes of the simulation. Educators can conduct lessons with students' using these interactive digital simulations and rapidly enhance the simulation through changing the source codes personally. Ejs toolkit, its library of simulations and growing community contributed simulation cod...

Wee, Loo Kang

2012-01-01

343

Educating Knowledge Professionals in Library and Information Science Schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Knowledge management (KM) is a multidisciplinary subject which involves efforts from professionals with diverse backgrounds. This paper aims to investigate the needed educational background and skills for knowledge management professionals. In particular,the focus of the paper is to examine whether a master’s degree in library and information science (LIS) is a preferred educational background listed in KM-related job postings. In addition, the preferred skills and knowledge required by KM ...

Ling-Ling Lai

2005-01-01

344

Monograph 'Digital Culture and Creative Practices in Education'  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The articles included in the monograph "Digital culture and creative practice in education" analyse the impact digital technology and the Internet are having on education, which is understood as a process based on knowledge, communication and social interaction. Teachers and students alike have been drastically transformed by the emergence of the digital culture, prompting the need for change in the role and organisation of educational institutions. More specifically, the Web 2.0 has given ri...

Juan Freire

2009-01-01

345

Educational and Psychological Tests in the Academic Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the growing importance of test collections in academic libraries and provides resources for test collection development. Tests in the following areas are described in detail: academic; achievement and aptitude; child development; educational development and preschool readiness; intelligence; personality; sensory motor skills; special…

McGiverin, Rolland H.

1990-01-01

346

Distance education in Library and Information Science in Thailand  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents distance education in library and information science at tow open universities in Thailand, namely Ramkhamhaeng University (RU) and Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University (STOU). The teaching system, degree offered and degree requirements of each university are described in detail.

Sacchanand, Chutima

1999-01-01

347

User Education in Social Media Applications @ Your Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This report outlines a case study investigating how public libraries in New South Wales are currently educating their clientele in the use of social media applications. It includes the background to this case study and the expected outcomes, and identifies the scope and limitations. It also includes a list of significant stages, and outlines the…

Smith, Eileen

2013-01-01

348

Libraries and open access: the implications of open-access publishing and dissemination for libraries in higher education institutions  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This chapter discusses the consequences of open-access (OA) publishing and dissemination for libraries in higher education institutions (HEIs). Key questions (which are addressed in this chapter) include: 1. How might OA help information provision? 2. What changes to library services will arise from OA developments (particularly if OA becomes widespread)? 3. How do these changes fit in with wider changes affecting the future role of libraries? 4. How can libraries and librarians ...

Pinfield, Stephen

2007-01-01

349

Library Resource-Sharing in the Network-Centric World.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper discusses changes in services, technology, and organization as libraries prepare to enter the "network-centric library world." Part 1 addresses the transition from the analog era to the digital age, and the convergence of libraries and education, including opportunities for library leadership in Internet access, digital literacy, and…

McGee, Rob

350

ALL-Digital Baseband 65nm PLL/FPLL Clock Multiplier Using 10-Cell Library  

Science.gov (United States)

PLLs for clock generation are essential for modern circuits, to generate specialized frequencies for many interfaces and high frequencies for chip internal operation. These circuits depend on analog circuits and careful tailoring for each new process, and making them fault tolerant is an incompletely solved problem. Until now, all digital PLLs have been restricted to sampled data DSP techniques and not available for the highest frequency baseband applications. This paper presents the design and preliminary evaluation of an all-digital baseband technique built entirely with an easily portable 10-cell digital library. The library is also described, as it aids in research and low volume design porting to new processes. The advantages of the digital approach are the wide variety of techniques available to give varying degrees of fault tolerance, and the simplicity of porting the design to new processes, even to exotic processes that may not have analog capability. The only tuning parameter is digital gate delay. An all-digital approach presents unique problems and standard analog loop stability design criteria cannot be directly used. Because of the quantization of frequency, there is effectively infinite gain for very small loop error feedback. The numerically controlled oscillator (NCO) based on a tapped delay line cannot be reliably updated while a pulse is active in the delay line, and ordinarily does not have enough frequency resolution for a low-jitter output.

Schuler, Robert L., Jr.; Wu, Qiong; Liu, Rui; Chen, Li; Madala, Shridhar

2014-01-01

351

Digital competence in the Norwegian teacher education and schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to examine how policy documents in Norway the last ten years have interpreted ICT and digital competence in teacher education and in school. Norway implemented in 2006 a new national curriculum which increased the status of digital competence to be the fifth basic skill in the Norwegian elementary school (stage 1-13. This was a historic event and never before has digital competence achieved such status in curricula, neither nationally nor internationally. The same has newly happened with the new General Plan for Teacher Education where digital competence has become the fifth basic skill in all subjects. However, both teacher educators and teachers lack sufficient digital competence to fulfil these ambiguous policy goals and therefore the article suggest how a model of digital competence can bridge some of the gap between the intentions in the policy documents and the teachers/teacher educators’ practise. At the same time the article attempts to elaborate our perception of the concept digital competence in an educational discourse and how one can define digital competence in light of a Scandinavian educational perspective. The research question in this article is: how can digital competence be defined and what are the foundations of digital competence in teacher education and schools in light of the policy documents in Norway?

Rune Johan Krumsvik

2011-03-01

352

Taking Care of Digital Collections and Data: ‘Curation’ and Organisational Choices for Research Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores the types of digital information research libraries typically deal with and what factors might influence libraries’ decisions to take on the work of data curation themselves, to take on the responsibility for data but market out the actual work, or to leave the responsibility to other organisations. The article introduces the issues dealt with in the LIBER Workshop ‘Curating Research’ to be held in The Hague on 17 April 2009 ( http://www.kb.nl/curatingresearch and this corresponding issue of LIBER Quarterly.

Inge Angevaare

2009-03-01

353

Technology and research in a global Networked University Digital Library (NUDL)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese As Bibliotecas Digitais (DLs) encerram sistemas extremamente complexos de informação que suportam a criação, gestão, distribuição e preservação de fontes complexas de informação, enquanto permitem uma interação eficaz e eficiente entre as diversas sociedades que se beneficiam do conteúdo e serviços [...] da Biblioteca Digital. Neste trabalho, centralizamo-nos sobre nossa experiência defrontando desafios de construção, manutenção e desenvolvimento de uma Biblioteca Digital Universitária em Rede (www.nudl.org), uma extensão da Biblioteca Digital em Rede de Teses e Dissertações (www.ndltd.org). NUDL é uma iniciativa de âmbito mundial que visa a tornar a propriedade intelectual produzida em universidades mais acesssível, estimulando a colaboração internacional entre todas as disciplinas. Damos os detalhados aspectos tecnológicos de nossas soluções e atividades de pesquisa realizados para proporcionar sólidos e enriquecidos serviços para as comunidades servidas por esta iniciativa. Abstract in english Digital Libraries (DLs) are extremely complex information systems that support the creation, management, distribution, and preservation of complex information resources, while allowing effective and efficient interaction among the several societies that benefit from DL content and services. In this [...] paper, we focus on our experience facing challenges of building, maintaining, and developing the Networked University Digital Library (www.nudl.org), an extension of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (www.ndltd.org). NUDL is a worldwide initiative that addresses making the intellectual property produced in universities more accessible, stimulating international collaboration across all disciplines. We detail technological aspects of our solutions and research activities carried out to provide powerful and enriched services for the communities served by this initiative.

Marcos André, Gonçalves; Edward A., Fox.

354

Technology and research in a global Networked University Digital Library (NUDL)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese As Bibliotecas Digitais (DLs) encerram sistemas extremamente complexos de informação que suportam a criação, gestão, distribuição e preservação de fontes complexas de informação, enquanto permitem uma interação eficaz e eficiente entre as diversas sociedades que se beneficiam do conteúdo e serviços [...] da Biblioteca Digital. Neste trabalho, centralizamo-nos sobre nossa experiência defrontando desafios de construção, manutenção e desenvolvimento de uma Biblioteca Digital Universitária em Rede (www.nudl.org), uma extensão da Biblioteca Digital em Rede de Teses e Dissertações (www.ndltd.org). NUDL é uma iniciativa de âmbito mundial que visa a tornar a propriedade intelectual produzida em universidades mais acesssível, estimulando a colaboração internacional entre todas as disciplinas. Damos os detalhados aspectos tecnológicos de nossas soluções e atividades de pesquisa realizados para proporcionar sólidos e enriquecidos serviços para as comunidades servidas por esta iniciativa. Abstract in english Digital Libraries (DLs) are extremely complex information systems that support the creation, management, distribution, and preservation of complex information resources, while allowing effective and efficient interaction among the several societies that benefit from DL content and services. In this [...] paper, we focus on our experience facing challenges of building, maintaining, and developing the Networked University Digital Library (www.nudl.org), an extension of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (www.ndltd.org). NUDL is a worldwide initiative that addresses making the intellectual property produced in universities more accessible, stimulating international collaboration across all disciplines. We detail technological aspects of our solutions and research activities carried out to provide powerful and enriched services for the communities served by this initiative.

Marcos André, Gonçalves; Edward A., Fox.

2001-12-01

355

New (and old Problems of Library Science Education and of Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For over 20 years, the Romanian education system has had to deal with the same problems: underfunding, lack of motivation, bureaucracy, the instability of the legal system, a decline in the youth’s interest in higher education. Libraries also face the same problems. In addition to this, there are other issues, as well, such as the lack of professional managers, poor knowledge of management and marketing methods and techniques, failure to comply with the principles of efficient work organization, lack of work norms and of certain methodologies to be used in recruiting, selecting, promoting and evaluating staff performance and so on.

Ionel Enache

2013-01-01

356

Digital chat reference in health science libraries: challenges in initiating a new service.  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital reference service adds a valuable new dimension to health science reference services, but the road to implementation can present questions that require carefully considered decisions. This article incorporates suggestions from the published literature, provides tips from interviews with practicing academic health science librarians, and reports on data from students' exploration of academic health science library Web sites' digital reference services. The goal of this study is to provide guidelines to plan new services, assess user needs, and select software, and to showcase potential benefits of collaboration and proactive and user-friendly marketing. In addition, tips for successful operation and evaluation of services are discussed. PMID:15982952

Dee, Cheryl R; Newhouse, Joshua D

2005-01-01

357

Elementary, Middle, and High School Students Vary in Frequency and Purpose When Using Online Digital References. A review of: Silverstein, Joanne. “Just Curious: Children’s Use of Digital Reference for Unimposed Queries and Its Importance in Informal Education.” Library Trends 54.2 (Fall 2005: 228?44.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To determine 1 how and with what frequency children use digital references to answer their own unimposed questions; 2 whether digital reference services support their self?initiated learning; 3 whether digital reference services support the transfer of student motivation and curiosity from the formal to the informal; and 4 what instructional and software designers should consider in creating tools that support learning.Design – Inductive analysis.Setting – Virtual Reference Desk’s (VRD Learning Center (http://vrd.askvrd.org/ and the National Science Foundation’s (NSFdigital reference service (http://www.esteme.org during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week (ESTEME, April 11?16, 2005.Subjects – Elementary (K?5, middle (6?8,and high school (9?12 students from the general public. One hundred fourteen questions were analyzed, however there is no indication of the number of different students who submitted the questions.Methods – This study was conducted using a pool of 600 questions from students, teachers, parents, and the general public that were submitted to two digital reference services intended for students. Three hundred experts in the fields of Math and Science volunteered to answer the submitted questions during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week. Because the digital services employed a pull?down menu to describe the user as a student, teacher, parent, etc., the questions could be narrowed to those submitted by students. The questions were also narrowed to those marked as “just curious” from a question purpose menu that contained categories including “written report,” “science fair project,” and “just curious.” A total of 114 unique questions from elementary, middle, and high school students were analyzed to determine the study objectives. The 114 questions were loaded into a qualitative software application (HyperResearch for inductive analysis. Questions from students were coded as elementary, middle, or high school and only those questions derived from students’ self?initiated interests were analyzed.Main results – Analysis revealed that elementary students submitted a large portion of the questions. Middle school students asked the most questions, of which some questions were compound (more than one question in a given query. Older students submitted the least amount of questions. an unanticipated finding was that students’ grade levels correlated to the foci of their queries, which regarded “My Life,” “My Stuff,” “Other People,” “The World,”“The Universe,” or “Abstract Thought.” High school students were interested in the narrowest foci pertaining to their immediate circumstance rather than the larger topics of other people, the world, and the universe.T he majority of middle school students were interested in abstract concepts, and 45% of elementary school students’ queries were about how the world works. Although this study was not longitudinal, results suggest that student curiosity may shift over time. Results also indicated that younger children demonstrated interests outside the classroom that were related to formal learning previously introduced within the classroom. This carry over of interest declined in upper grades. Queries that were unimposed but related to an academic subject such as science or social studies were most evident in questions submitted by elementary students, while questions dealing more with career planning, health, death, and anxiety were most frequently addressed by middle school students. The findings also indicated that the use of digital reference services is at its highest in elementary school, peaks in middle school, and falls drastically in high school.Conclusion – 1 How and with what frequency do children use digital reference services to answer their own unimposed questions? The results of this study revealed a trend on the frequency and purpose of use of digital references when s

Julie Stephens

2006-12-01

358

A Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da Universidade de São Paulo / The University of São Paulo Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Apresentação dos aspectos principais da Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da Universidade de São Paulo (USP): o processo de desenvolvimento adotado para a implementação do site, a tecnologia utilizada, a arquitetura e a funcionalidade. Discussão sobre a Biblioteca Digital no processo de pós [...] -graduação da USP. Relato das várias decisões não-técnicas adotadas ao longo do projeto, que tiveram grande impacto no resultado final. Abstract in english The main aspects involved in the development of the digital library of theses and dissertations of the University of São Paulo (USP) are discussed: the process adopted to accomplish the objective, the technology used, and the digital library architecture and functionality. Two other aspects are also [...] discussed: how the digital library is inserted in the whole USP graduation process and various non technical, crucial decisions taken throughout the development process.

Paulo Cesar, Masiero; Carlos Frederico, Bremer; Teresinha das Graças, Coletta; Maria de Lourdes Rebucci, Lirani; Rogério Toshiaki, Kondo; Antonio C., Aragão; Elaine Paiva, Mosconi; Aziz Donizzetti Cavalheiro, Salem.

359

User experience interaction design for digital educational games  

Science.gov (United States)

Leading the elements of games into education is the newest teaching concepts in the field of educational technology, which is by using healthy games to impel and preserve the learner's motivation, improve the learning efficiency and bring one experience in learning something by playing games. First of all, this article has introduced the concept of Digital Game and User Experience and brought the essence of Digital Game to light to construct the frame of user experience interaction design for digital educational games and offer one design idea for the development of related products and hoping that Digital Game will bring us continuous innovation experience.

Yuan, Jiugen; Zhang, Wenting; Xing, Ruonan

2014-04-01

360

The Digital Fish Library: Using MRI to Digitize, Database, and Document the Morphological Diversity of Fish  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Museum fish collections possess a wealth of anatomical and morphological data that are essential for documenting and understanding biodiversity. Obtaining access to specimens for research, however, is not always practical and frequently conflicts with the need to maintain the physical integrity of specimens and the collection as a whole. Non-invasive three-dimensional (3D) digital imaging therefore serves a critical role in facilitating the digitization of these specimens for anatomical and m...

Berquist, Rachel M.; Gledhill, Kristen M.; Peterson, Matthew W.; Doan, Allyson H.; Baxter, Gregory T.; Yopak, Kara E.; Kang, Ning; Walker, H. J.; Hastings, Philip A.; Frank, Lawrence R.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

2009 WebWise Conference on Libraries and Museums in the Digital World  

Science.gov (United States)

Three hundred museum and library professionals from across the United States gathered together in February 2009 to discuss the development of digital resources and how this development affects librarians and information specialists at cultural institutions. This straightforward website includes webcasts of the sessions and is the next best thing to attending the conference as visitors to their site can listen to digital recordings of every session from the 2009 WebWise Conference. Some of the sessions held, in addition to the opening remarks and the wrap-up, include the complicated topics of "Rights and Responsibilities"--that of museum and library collections and users; "Identity and Collaboration"--when collaboration between institutions is impeded and when collaboration threatens to adversely change the "brand" of an institution; and "Chasing the Edge and Maintaining the Core"--the balance between acquiring cutting edge technology while still keeping the core services well maintained.

2009-01-01

362

Resource Selection and Data Fusion in Distributed Multimedia Digital Libraries: The MIND Approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

MIND is an IST project funded under the EC Fifh Framework. It is led by the University of Strathclyde (UK), with the University of Florence (Italy), Duisburg (Germany), Sheffield (UK), and Carnegie Mellon (USA) as partners. The project started in January 2001 and is approaching a conclusion. MIND addresses some of the issues that arise when people have routine access to thousands of heterogeneous and distributed multimedia Digital Libraries. Today, a person must know where to search, how t...

Crestani, Fabio

2003-01-01

363

Open knowledge on e-infrastructures: the BELIEF project digital library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To create this synergy among multi-disciplinary Research Infrastructure communities, BELIEF created a one-stop-shop for e-Infrastructures communities providing a Community Portal and a Digital Library (DL) with a huge number of e-Infrastructures open access publications. The BELIEF DL - implemented on top of the OpenDLib Software System - offers uniform access to multimedia documentation (e.g. presentations, videos, technical reports, manuals, on-line tutorials, etc.) providing continuously u...

Zoppi, Franco; Biagini, Federico

2009-01-01

364

A Distributed, Collaborative, Structuring Model for a Clinical-Guideline Digital-Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Digital Electronic Guideline Library (DeGeL) is a Web-based framework and a set of distributed tools that facilitate gradual conversion of clinical guidelines from free text, through semi-structured text, to a fully structured, executable representation. Thus, guidelines exist in a hybrid, multiple-format representation The three formats support increasingly sophisticated computational tasks. The tools perform semantic markup, classification, search, and browsing, and support computationa...

Shahar, Yuval; Shalom, Erez; Mayaffit, Alon; Young, Ohad; Galperin, Maya; Martins, Susana; Goldstein, Mary

2003-01-01

365

Have digital repositories come of age? The views of library directors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This survey of approximately 150 repositories assessed the achievements, impact, and success of digital repositories. Results show that while the size and use of repositories has been relatively modest, almost half of all institutions either have, or are planning, a repository mandate requiring deposit and small gains have been made in raising the profile of the library within the institution. Repositories, then, have made a good deal of progress, but they have not quite come of age.

David Nicholas

2013-12-01

366

Development of digital library system on regulatory documents for nuclear power plants  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of this study is to establish nuclear regulatory document retrieval system based on internet. With the advancement of internet and information processing technology, information management patterns are going through a new paradigm. Getting along the current of the time, it is general tendency to transfer paper-type documents into electronic-type documents through document scanning and indexing. This system consists of nuclear regulatory documents, nuclear safety documents, digital library, and information system with index and full text

367

Building a Business Plan for DSpace, MIT Libraries' Digital Institutional Repository  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper presents an overview of the methodology and results of the MIT Libraries' business plan development project for DSpace (http://www.dspace.org/), MIT's digital institutional repository. The introductory section includes a description of DSpace, the objectives of the business plan project, and the current status of the DSpace project. The methodology section explains the process and tools with which the business plan was developed. The remainder of the paper describes the results of t...

Barton, Mary R. Mit Libraries; Walker, Julie Harford Mit Libraries

2006-01-01

368

METS as an 'Intermediary' Schema for a Digital Library of Complex Scientific Multimedia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The use of the Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) schema as a mechanism for delivering a digital library of complex scientific multimedia is examined as an alternative to the Fedora Content Model (FCM). Using METS as an 'intermediary' schema, where it functions as a template which is populated with content metadata on-the-fly using an XSLT transformation, it is possible to replicate the flexibility of structure and granularity of FCM while avoiding its complexity and often sub...

Gartner, Richard King S. College London

2012-01-01

369

Application of a Sign Language Synthesis System in Digital Library Services  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Information Accessibility for disabled people is one of the most important design criteria for the China National Digital Library (CNDL) development. Sign language synthesis systems are effective to provide information services for people with hearing and speech impairments. This paper presents a framework of a sign language synthesis system application in CNDL, as well as discusses the relevant technologies applied in the system. CNDL has been a real practice area for the sign language synth...

Wan, Jing; Qiao, Yingxin; Wu, Bin

2009-01-01

370

Studying Digital Library Users Over Time: A Follow-up Survey of Early Canadiana Online  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports the findings of a second user survey of a digital library collection of Early Canadiana materials. The main purpose of the study was to investigate whether the user group or the nature of use had changed since the first survey conducted a year earlier. As in the first survey we also wanted to gather feedback on satisfaction levels and suggestions for improvements to the Early Canadiana Online (ECO site. A new section was added to the second survey to explore the use of ECO in teaching and research. Overall, findings showed that the user group and nature of use of the materials were remarkably similar to the first survey. Enthusiasm for ECO remained high but many of the requests for changes to existing features and the suggestions for enhancements to the site were the same as those in the first survey. The survey revealed that respondents who used ECO for teaching and research differed from other respondents in a number of ways. We close by discussing the implications of these findings for digital libraries in general and the value of studying digital library users over time.

Joan Cherry

2002-01-01

371

Library leadership: Innovative options for designing training programmes to build leadership competencies in the digital age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Library leaders may not be fully equipped to deal with the demands and rigours of the digital age and its consumers. Theadvent of the internet, search engines and social media require a paradigm shift in the development of these leaders.Whilst much has been written about the required competencies, there seems to be no clear guiding principle on how thedevelopment should take place. The authors propose that the development of library leaders is a process, best illustratedthrough movement through Drotter’s Leadership Pipeline. The importance of thinking preferences, based on Herrmann’sWhole Brain Model, is highlighted and it is shown how these often clog development through this Pipeline. Utilising datafrom the Herrmann Brain Dominance Instrument (HBDI assessments of the 120 participants in six of the Centre forAfrican Library Leadership (CALL development programmes, the authors show how the thinking preferences of theselibrary leaders could enable or detract from their readiness to develop the appropriate competencies in the digital age.Recommendations are made on how best to overcome this to prepare library leaders to deal with the requirements of thedigital age consumer.

Ann-Louise de Boer

2013-03-01

372

Educating Knowledge Professionals in Library and Information Science Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM is a multidisciplinary subject which involves efforts from professionals with diverse backgrounds. This paper aims to investigate the needed educational background and skills for knowledge management professionals. In particular,the focus of the paper is to examine whether a master’s degree in library and information science (LIS is a preferred educational background listed in KM-related job postings. In addition, the preferred skills and knowledge required by KM employers are analyzed to reveal the association with graduate courses in library and information science. Job postings were collected from various sources during a specific timeframe. Content analysis was used to discover the kinds of backgrounds, skills, and knowledge that are expected from the employers. By examining both KM literature and the job postings, it is agreed that a certain set of skills can be taught and essential knowledge can be obtained through the LIS curriculum.

Ling-Ling Lai

2005-03-01

373

Building library leadership in Africa : a proposed education initiative  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article deals with a proposed initiative to train library managers on the African continent. It is argued that such an education initiative will contribute to the socio-economic development of Africa. Issues addressed in the article include the following: the background to and rationale for this initiative, justification for the University of Pretoria to be the degree-issuing institution, the delivery mode, outline of the proposed curriculum and expected outcomes of this initiative.

Britz, Johannes J.; Lor, Peter Johan; Bothma, T. J. D.

2007-01-01

374

The Library’s Quality Management System and Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Lesson from Southeast Emerging Educational Hub  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As one of the national vision 2020’s implementation programs, the establishment of a national Quality Assurance system focusing on the quality of the programs offered in terms of the general criteria of the structure and process of higher education is timely. In relating to the program, this paper aims to explore the efforts and other issues associated with the development and implementation of quality assurance in higher education due to its role as a service organization, which is required to enhance their quality of services. One of the important pillars determining the quality of higher-education service delivery is the library’s quality management system. By using 46 public universities’ libraries as the main sample, this study tested three hypotheses that are related to the nature of quality management practices by individual construct, as well as by aggregation value, and to what extent the difference to the numbers of staff and the type of organization will influence the quality management practices. We employed mean value and one-way analysis ANOVA as the research method to solve the questions. The validity of the constructs is measured using factor analysis, and its reliability is measured by Cronbach’s alpha. Our study results revealed that the study sample perceived those constructs were important to maintain service quality to its customer. The study also informs that the number of staff and the type of organization do not influence at all on the library’s quality management system. In other words, the awareness and spirit to play an important role in achieving excellent service to its customer is the main platform over the number of staff and the type of organization.

Che Azlan Taib

2012-05-01

375

What's Old Is New Again: The Reconvergence of Libraries, Archives, and Museums in the Digital Age  

Science.gov (United States)

As cultural institutions begin to share physical and human resources, and as new technologies reshape approaches to access and preservation, educational programs must respond in kind. However, it is important to ask in what ways the current convergence of libraries, archives, and museums marks a return to tradition rather than a departure from it.…

Given, Lisa M.; McTavish, Lianne

2010-01-01

376

Ampliaciones de una Mediateca Digital de Muestras de Laboratorio Histopatológico Extensions of a Digital Library of Laboratory Samples Histopathology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El objetivo general de acción de este proyecto es ampliar una mediateca digital consistente en imágenes de muestras histopatológicas obtenidas en la 2da. Cátedra de Biología Celular, Histología y Embriología de la Facultad de Ciencias Medicas Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. Se proponen tres líneas de trabajo principales: 1- integración de imágenes y documentos científicos (abstract de artículos mediante el uso de términos ontológicos, 2- articulación del listado de imágenes y documentos científicos con herramientas de acceso a la información multimedia (imágenes y texto, 3- incorporación de una traducción simi-automática ingles-español usando herramientas libres de traducción automática de lengua origen castellano a lengua de origen ingles. Creemos que la asociación de diferentes herramientas de gestión del conocimiento permitirán ampliar una mediateca digital de muestras de laboratorio correspondientes a resultados de nuestros de trabajos de investigación subsidiados por organismos oficiales. También para que los contenidos de este proyecto estén disponibles para un amplio usuario de las Ciencias de la Salud con diferentes niveles de alfabetización funcional. Por último nuestro proyecto permitirá la inclusión de profesionales de la Escuela de Bibliotecología y de la Facultad de Lenguas de nuestra Universidad Pública.The overall objective of action of this project is to expand a digital media library consisting of images of histopathological samples obtained in the second department of Cell Biology, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, National University of Cordoba, Argentina. We suggests three lines of work: 1 - integration of images and scientific papers (abstract of articles by using ontological terms, 2 - joint list of images and scientific papers with tools to access multimedia information (pictures and text , 3 - incorporation of automatic translation English-Spanish using free software tools. We believe that the combination of different knowledge management tools allows expanding a digital media library of samples for laboratory results of our research work subsidized by government agencies. Also for the contents of this project to be available for any user of the Health Sciences with different levels of functional literacy. Finally our project will enable the inclusion of professionals from the School of Library and the Faculty of Languages of our public universities.

Rodolfo Esteban Ávila

2010-09-01

377

Ampliaciones de una Mediateca Digital de Muestras de Laboratorio Histopatológico / Extensions of a Digital Library of Laboratory Samples Histopathology  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo general de acción de este proyecto es ampliar una mediateca digital consistente en imágenes de muestras histopatológicas obtenidas en la 2da. Cátedra de Biología Celular, Histología y Embriología de la Facultad de Ciencias Medicas Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. Se proponen t [...] res líneas de trabajo principales: 1- integración de imágenes y documentos científicos (abstract de artículos) mediante el uso de términos ontológicos, 2- articulación del listado de imágenes y documentos científicos con herramientas de acceso a la información multimedia (imágenes y texto), 3- incorporación de una traducción simi-automática ingles-español usando herramientas libres de traducción automática de lengua origen castellano a lengua de origen ingles. Creemos que la asociación de diferentes herramientas de gestión del conocimiento permitirán ampliar una mediateca digital de muestras de laboratorio correspondientes a resultados de nuestros de trabajos de investigación subsidiados por organismos oficiales. También para que los contenidos de este proyecto estén disponibles para un amplio usuario de las Ciencias de la Salud con diferentes niveles de alfabetización funcional. Por último nuestro proyecto permitirá la inclusión de profesionales de la Escuela de Bibliotecología y de la Facultad de Lenguas de nuestra Universidad Pública. Abstract in english The overall objective of action of this project is to expand a digital media library consisting of images of histopathological samples obtained in the second department of Cell Biology, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, National University of Cordoba, Argentina. We suggests thre [...] e lines of work: 1 - integration of images and scientific papers (abstract of articles) by using ontological terms, 2 - joint list of images and scientific papers with tools to access multimedia information (pictures and text ), 3 - incorporation of automatic translation English-Spanish using free software tools. We believe that the combination of different knowledge management tools allows expanding a digital media library of samples for laboratory results of our research work subsidized by government agencies. Also for the contents of this project to be available for any user of the Health Sciences with different levels of functional literacy. Finally our project will enable the inclusion of professionals from the School of Library and the Faculty of Languages of our public universities.

Rodolfo Esteban, Ávila; Laura Alonso I, Alemany; María Elena, Samar; Luisa Beatriz, Buzzetti; Gustavo, Juri; Hugo Oscar, Juri.

2010-09-01

378

School Library Support of Health Education in China: A Preliminary Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This preliminary study investigates the current situation of school library support of K-12 health education in China. A survey of 42 school librarians and 115 K-12 teachers from selected schools was conducted to find out their views about school library's role in school health education and their current practice of library use in health…

Liu, Geoffrey Z.; Zhang, Wuhong

2008-01-01

379

Lots of Librarians Can Keep Stuff Safe: Libraries Are Able to Safeguard Content with LOCKSS, Open Source Digital Preservation Software  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the next several decades, libraries will face the potential loss of all the e-journals, ebooks, electronic theses, local digital collections, and other "e-stuff" curated for the public good. A solution to this problem is LOCKSS ("Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe"), a free, open-source digital-preservation software from Stanford University that…

Schneider, Karen G.

2007-01-01

380

Creating new library services through collaboration with resident groups : Aimimg at human resource development and information literacy education in ways only libraries can do : Study on activities of an NPO called Ueda Library Club  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating new library services through collaboration with resident groups : Aimimg at human resource development and information literacy education in ways only libraries can do : Study on activities of an NPO called Ueda Library Club

Morita, Utako

 
 
 
 
381

Application of Content-Based Approach in Research Paper Recommendation System for a Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Recommender systems are software applications that provide or suggest items to intended users. These systems use filtering techniques to provide recommendations. The major ones of these techniques are collaborative-based filtering technique, content-based technique, and hybrid algorithm. The motivation came as a result of the need to integrate recommendation feature in digital libraries in order to reduce information overload. Content-based technique is adopted because of its suitability in domains or situations where items are more than the users. TF-IDF (Term Frequency Inverse Document Frequency and cosine similarity were used to determine how relevant or similar a research paper is to a user's query or profile of interest. Research papers and user's query were represented as vectors of weights using Keyword-based Vector Space model. The weights indicate the degree of association between a research paper and a user's query. This paper also presents an algorithm to provide or suggest recommendations based on users' query. The algorithm employs both TF-IDF weighing scheme and cosine similarity measure. Based on the result or output of the system, integrating recommendation feature in digital libraries will help library users to find most relevant research papers to their needs.

Simon Philip

2014-10-01

382

Situating Student Learning in Rich Contexts: A Constructionist Approach to Digital Archives Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective - This paper sought to determine whether a constructionist pedagogical approach to digital archives education could positively influence student perceptions of their learning. Constructionism is a learning theory that places students in the role of designers and emphasizes creating tangible artifacts in a social environment. This theory was used in the instructional design of the Digital Archive Creation Project (DACP, a major component of a digital archives course offered to students enrolled in a Master’s program in library science at Pratt Institute School of Library and Information Science.Methods - Participants were the 31 students enrolled in the DACP during the fall and spring semesters of 2010. They were surveyed as to their perceived learning outcomes as a result of their engagement with the DACP. Results - Results indicated that students perceived strong increases in their learning following their engagement in the DACP, particularly in terms of their skills, confidence, understanding of topics covered in other courses, and overall understanding. Factors that influenced these increases include the collaborative teamwork, the role of the facilitator or instructor, and individual effort.Conclusion - The project demonstrated that a constructionist pedagogical approach to digital archives education positively impacted students’ perceptions of their learning.

Anthony Cocciolo

2011-09-01

383

Learning Reconsidered: Education in the Digital Age. Communications, Convergence and the Curriculum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes thoughts of seven educators on the place of digital communication in journalism and mass communication education. Discusses communication scholars and the professional field's readiness for the digital age. Notes educators' attitudes towards technology and technology's applications in education. (PM)

Dennis, Everette E.; Meyer, Philip; Sundar, S. Shyam; Pryor, Larry; Rogers, Everett M.; Chen, Helen L.; Pavlik, John

2003-01-01

384

Pedagogical reforms of digital signal processing education  

Science.gov (United States)

The future of the engineering discipline is arguably predicated heavily upon appealing to the future generation, in all its sensibilities. The greatest burden in doing so, one might rightly believe, lies on the shoulders of the educators. In examining the causal means by which the profession arrived at such a state, one finds that the technical revolution, precipitated by global war, had, as its catalyst, institutions as expansive as the government itself to satisfy the demand for engineers, who, as a result of such an existential crisis, were taught predominantly theoretical underpinnings to address a finite purpose. By contrast, the modern engineer, having expanded upon this vision and adapted to an evolving society, is increasingly placed in the proverbial role of the worker who must don many hats: not solely a scientist, yet often an artist; not a businessperson alone, but neither financially naive; not always a representative, though frequently a collaborator. Inasmuch as change then serves as the only constancy in a global climate, therefore, the educational system - if it is to mimic the demands of the industry - is left with an inherent need for perpetual revitalization to remain relevant. This work aims to serve that end. Motivated by existing research in engineering education, an epistemological challenge is molded into the framework of the electrical engineer with emphasis on digital signal processing. In particular, it is investigated whether students are better served by a learning paradigm that tolerates and, when feasible, encourages error via a medium free of traditional adjudication. Through the creation of learning modules using the Adobe Captivate environment, a wide range of fundamental knowledge in signal processing is challenged within the confines of existing undergraduate courses. It is found that such an approach not only conforms to the research agenda outlined for the engineering educator, but also reflects an often neglected reality: that the student who is free to be creative, free to err, and free to self-correct is emblematic of the profession -- past, present, and future -- to which he or she unwittingly aspires.

Christensen, Michael

385

Degrees of Digital Division: Reconsidering Digital Inequalities and Contemporary Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Whilst many authors are now confident to dismiss the notion of the digital divide, this paper argues that inequalities in ICT use in contemporary higher education are of growing rather than diminishing importance. In particular, it argues that there is an urgent need for the higher education community to develop more sophisticated understandings of the nature of the digital divisions that exist within current cohorts of university students - not least inequalities of ‘effective' use of ICT to access information and knowledge. With these thoughts in mind, the paper presents a review of recent research and theoretical work in the area of digital exclusion and the digital divide, and considers a number of reasons why digital exclusion remains a complex and entrenched social problem within populations of higher education students.

Neil Selwyn

2010-01-01

386

Uses of Information and Communication Technologies in Europe's Higher Education Institutions: From Digital Divides to Digital Trajectories  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

ABSTRACT This paper has two objectives, firstly, to identify the three basic levels of educational digital divides and to discuss them in the context of the European Union, and secondly, to develop an alternative hypothesis for educational digital trajectories instead of looking at educational divides.Section one identifies the three levels of digital divides. The first level of educational digital divide concerns differences in ICT equipment. We identify the sources and the mechanisms that h...

Adel Ben Youssef; Ludovic Ragni

2008-01-01

387

Fault-tolerant VHDL descriptions: a case study for SEU-tolerant digital library  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a new cost-effective method of designing Single Event Upset (SEU)-tolerant digital systems based on Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) Field-Programmable-Gate-Array (FPGA) devices. The project was carried out in cooperation of Technical University of Lodz (TUL) with Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY). DESY is a high-energy particle physics research centre, located in Hamburg, Germany, and has been chosen as a home site for a new generation particle collider - X-Ray Free Electron Laser (X-FEL) accelerator. A need of implementing digital control systems inside accelerators main tunnel, brought a new hardware approach to low-cost design reliable compex circuits with respect to Single Event Effects (SEEs). The goal was to develop a high performance method without modifications in the FPGA architecture and without high area penalties. A SEU-tolerant, digital library has been created. From basic gates, through combinational and sequential cells to some more sophisticated units like memory blocks, code converters or arithmetical functions cells, in all elements upset detection and mitigation schemes have been implemented. The library was described in Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description Language (VHDL).

Tomczak, M.; Swiercz, B.; Napieralski, A.

2006-10-01

388

?????An Overview of the Google Books Project and Other Digitization Initiatives: Implications for Libraries?Rosemary Spellman, Robert P. Holley  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzes the effects of Google Books upon collection development efforts in academic libraries. Other mass digitization projects are also briefly discussed. The focus is on the hurdles that these projects face such as copyright questions, long-term technological planning, and continuing permanent funding. The authors also examine the role of digitization projects as a form of preservation and/or conservation. Finally, the paper looks at the culture of libraries, how use of library materials may change as a result of these projects, gives some ideas of how the public will want to access information, and presents some thoughts about how libraries can maintain their relevance even as the public has access to a wealth of digital resources. ?????Google Books ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???18-30

Rosemary Spellman Rosemary Spellman

2011-04-01

389

From Laptops to Competences: Bridging the Digital Divide in Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Most of the existing literature that deals with the digital divide in the educational system focuses either on schools or universities, but rarely do we see a vertical approach where the system is considered as a whole. In this paper we relate initiatives that aim to bridge the digital divide in the current situation in higher education. We discuss why policies that focus on infrastructures (e.g. laptops are not the answer, as they mostly leave digital competences unattended, leading to (or not helping to amend the digital void in universities in matters of skills. We end by proposing a general framework to define digital skills so that they are included in syllabuses at all stages of the educational path.

Ismael Peña-López

2010-01-01

390

Accreditation and Standards of Library and Information Science Education in the United States  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Accreditation is the main means to maintain good quality of library and information science education in the United States. Standards for accreditation are used to evaluate master’s programs in library and information science. This article mainly discusses accreditation and standards of library and information science education in the United States. Firstly, it reviews present state of library and information science schools in the United States. Then, it explores meanings, functions, histo...

Mei-Ling Wang

2000-01-01

391

Promoting Educational Equity through School Libraries. Module 5: Educational Equity in the Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggestions offered in the fifth module of a continuing education program for inservice school media specialists are designed to aid in identifying sexism and sex-role stereotyping in instructional materials, and help trainees foster educational equity in their own institutions. The first part is concerned with the promotion of such equity through…

Nilsen, Alleen Pace; Tyler, Karen Beyard

392

Visuospatial astronomy education in immersive digital planetariums  

Science.gov (United States)

Even simple concepts in astronomy are notoriously difficult for the general public to understand. Many ideas involve three-dimensional (3D) spatial relationships among astronomical objects. However much of the traditional teaching materials used in astronomy education are two-dimensional (2D) in nature, while studies show that visualising mental rotations and perspective changes can be difficult for many. The simplifications that occur when explaining one phenomenon may lead to new misconceptions in other concepts. Properly constructed 3D simulations can provide students with the multiple perspectives necessary for understanding. As a venue for virtual astronomical environments, the new class of digital video planetariums that are appearing in museums and science centres have the potential to bridge the comprehension gap in astronomy learning. We describe a research project which aims to evaluate the effectiveness of visualisations in both immersive and non-immersive settings, by using freshmen undergraduate students from a four-year college. The retention of students over the course of a semester for this study means that student misconceptions can be tracked and recorded weekly via curriculum tests.

Yu, K. C.; Sahami, K.

2008-06-01

393

Monograph 'Digital Culture and Creative Practices in Education'  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The articles included in the monograph "Digital culture and creative practice in education" analyse the impact digital technology and the Internet are having on education, which is understood as a process based on knowledge, communication and social interaction. Teachers and students alike have been drastically transformed by the emergence of the digital culture, prompting the need for change in the role and organisation of educational institutions. More specifically, the Web 2.0 has given rise to creative and collaborative practises that favour a form of learning based on problem solving and "do-it-yourself" educational strategies. These experiences sometimes occur in the periphery of formal education. At the same time, educational technologies themselves have evolved in line with cultural changes, from centralised, closed models to open systems based on "cloud computing".

Juan Freire

2009-03-01

394

An Ontology-based Context Aware System for Selective Dissemination of Information in a Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Users of Institutional Repositories and Digital Libraries are known by their needs for very specific information about one or more subjects. To characterize users profiles and offer them new documents and resources is one of the main challenges of today's libraries. In this paper, a Selective Dissemination of Information service is described, which proposes an Ontology-based Context Aware system for identifying user's context (research subjects, work team, areas of interest). This system enables librarians to broaden users profiles beyond the information that users have introduced by hand (such as institution, age and language). The system requires a context retrieval layer to capture user information and behavior, and an inference engine to support context inference from many information sources (selected documents and users' queries).

De Giusti, Marisa R; Vosou, Agustín; Martínez, Juan P

2010-01-01

395

digital-earth.eu: a European network for Digital Earth education  

Science.gov (United States)

European school education has so far, by and large, ignored geospatial developments like remote sensing, despite the fact that geo-technology has already become a significant employer. There are small pockets of intense activity, the challenge is to scale these developments up. This article reports on networking initiatives developed by the digital-earth.eu project to connect organisations involved in geospatial education like remote sensing, to share practice, provide advice and guidance on the use of geographic information to others and be a place for new initiatives. The digital-earth.eu network project raises awareness of the role of digital earth education, informing politicians of the significance of digital earth tools and technologies. digital-earth.eu also establishes a teacher support network infrastructure which incorporates geo-services for teachers such as the use of ArcGIS Online for Organisations and the European Environment Agency EyeonEarth platform. The project has made recommendation concerning the growing shortage of a geospatial workforce in Europe, the significance of open data and the usability of EU INSPIRE Directive. It suggests that Digital Earth education and training developments are urgently needed as part of the European Qualifications Framework. European policy makers have to be made much more aware of geospatial concepts and then actively encouraged by stakeholders to respond to them in policy terms through developing a "Digital Earth education for all".

Donert, K.

2013-08-01

396

Pilot Use of Digital Educational Comics in Language Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a case study about the use of digital comics in teaching modern Greek in high schools (aged 12-13). The ultimate goal of the educational use of digital comics is to promote students' acquisition of language skills and to help them apply their imaginations and reuse their cultural experiences in creating multimodal comic-like…

Vassilikopoulou, M.; Retalis, S.; Nezi, M.; Boloudakis, M.

2011-01-01

397

Collaborative research in higher education with digital support  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Collaboration in educational research involves frequently that educational specialists work with experts from other disciplines. Language use and expertise in differing fields necessitates that knowledge construction processes are made visible so meaning can be negotiated. In this article we present examples where experts from different disciplines and with different experiences have used digital platforms to assist them in making expertise, ideas and expectations visible. We discuss how the materiality of these digital tools supported collaborators’ joint negotiations to better understand selected educational practices. This article explores the affordances of selected digital tools including Google documents, digital videos and more, to discuss ways in which they supported the sharing and cogeneration of meaning. We found that digital tools in themselves were not enough to achieve reciprocity between different experts because power relations do not necessarily disappear through the use of digital tools. We conclude that digital tools offer ways to expand the possibilities of joint work by slowing down or speeding up the access to and processing of ideas and that educational researchers collaborating in interdisciplinary teams should carefully assess the digital tools available to them and how they can be used to support research collaboration.

Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Gnaur, Dorina

2014-01-01

398

LDL (Landscape Digital Library) a Digital Photographic Database of a Case Study Area in the River Po Valley, Northern Italy  

CERN Document Server

Landscapes are both a synthesis and an expression of national, regional and local cultural heritages. It is therefore very important to develop techniques aimed at cataloguing and archiving their forms. This paper discusses the LDL (Landscape Digital Library) project, a Web accessible database that can present the landscapes of a territory with documentary evidence in a new format and from a new perspective. The method was tested in a case study area of the river Po valley (Northern Italy). The LDL is based on a collection of photographs taken following a systematic grid of survey points identified through topographic cartography; the camera level is that of the human eye. This methodology leads to an innovative landscape archive that differs from surveys carried out through aerial photographs or campaigns aimed at selecting "relevant" points of interest. Further developments and possible uses of the LDL are also discussed.

Papotti, D

2001-01-01

399

The Organization of Knowledge Spaces for a Virtual Learning Environment Supported by a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper represents the combined work of the whole of the ADEPT Knowledge Organization Team. Other members are: Olha Buchel, Jim Frew, Linda Hill, Richard Mayer, Jian Qin, Laura Smart, and Tim Tierney. The Alexandria Digital Library Project is developing a concept-based learning environment for the sciences. In this paper, we briefly discuss: the rationale for the approach; the structure of the concept model and correlative relationships between concepts; the components and associated services of the concept-based learning environment; and planned and potential applications of the learning environment.

Smith, Terence R.; Agapova, Olga; Freeston, Michael; Ushakov, Alex

400

Biopiracy and the ethics of medical heritage: the case of India's traditional knowledge digital library'.  

Science.gov (United States)

Medical humanities have a central role to play in combating biopiracy. Medical humanities scholars can articulate and communicate the complex structures of meaning and significance which human beings have invested in their ways of conceiving health and sickness. Such awareness of the moral significance of medical heritage is necessary to ongoing legal, political, and ethical debates regarding the status and protection of medical heritage. I use the Indian Traditional Knowledge Digital Library as a case study of the role of medical humanities in challenging biopiracy by deepening our sense of the moral value of medical heritage. PMID:22610726

Kidd, Ian James

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
401

Digitized Works of B. Sevarlic in Virtual Library of Faculty of Mathematics  

Science.gov (United States)

In the Virtual Library of the Faculty of Mathematics http://elibrary.matf.bg.ac.rs, there are eleven digitized works of Branislav Ševarli?, professor of the Belgrade University. These works include his doctoral dissertation, four university text-books on astronomy, three translations of books written by Russian authors, two textbooks for secondary schools, and the last one is the Astronomical Atlas. A particularly important work is his book General Astronomy (1971) as it was used for generations for teaching of astronomy at the University of Belgrade. The aim of this paper is to present all these works as well as the short biography of Professor Branislav Ševarli?.

Pejovic, N.; Dacic, M.

2012-12-01

402

High-throughput characterization of film thickness in thin film materials libraries by digital holographic microscopy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A high-throughput characterization technique based on digital holography for mapping film thickness in thin-film materials libraries was developed. Digital holographic microscopy is used for fully automatic measurements of the thickness of patterned films with nanometer resolution. The method has several significant advantages over conventional stylus profilometry: it is contactless and fast, substrate bending is compensated, and the experimental setup is simple. Patterned films prepared by different combinatorial thin-film approaches were characterized to investigate and demonstrate this method. The results show that this technique is valuable for the quick, reliable and high-throughput determination of the film thickness distribution in combinatorial materials research. Importantly, it can also be applied to thin films that have been structured by shadow masking.

403

High-throughput characterization of film thickness in thin film materials libraries by digital holographic microscopy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A high-throughput characterization technique based on digital holography for mapping film thickness in thin-film materials libraries was developed. Digital holographic microscopy is used for fully automatic measurements of the thickness of patterned films with nanometer resolution. The method has several significant advantages over conventional stylus profilometry: it is contactless and fast, substrate bending is compensated, and the experimental setup is simple. Patterned films prepared by different combinatorial thin-film approaches were characterized to investigate and demonstrate this method. The results show that this technique is valuable for the quick, reliable and high-throughput determination of the film thickness distribution in combinatorial materials research. Importantly, it can also be applied to thin films that have been structured by shadow masking.

Yiu Wai Lai, Michael Krause, Alan Savan, Sigurd Thienhaus, Nektarios Koukourakis, Martin R Hofmann and Alfred Ludwig

2011-01-01

404

Leveraging EAD for Low-Cost Access to Digitized Content at the University of Alabama Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As funding shrinks and researcher demand for online access to primary source materials grows, many institutions seek the most cost-effective method of digitization, online delivery, and long-term access. One method of reducing costs is to leverage existing Encoded Archival Description (EAD finding aids for search and retrieval, rather than creating item-level descriptions for digitized content. This provides Web access to manuscript materials while still providing context to the user. This article describes the Septimus D. Cabaniss Papers project at the University of Alabama Libraries which seeks to recreate the patron experience in the reading room via the Web. This project tested a model for lowering the costs of Web delivery of large collections using folder level descriptions.

Jody L DeRidder

2011-01-01

405

Digital Scholarly Publishing and Archiving Services by Academic Libraries: Case Study of the University of Patras  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available During the last years, dramatic changes in the electronic publishing landscape have created new roles and changed the traditional ones. Presently, some libraries have capitalised on their experience and knowledge in information technology and electronic publishing to undertake such activities, while at the same time they spearhead the campaign for Open Access spreading within academic communities. The Library & Information Centre (LIC of the University of Patras (UoP, Greece, has been playing an active role in promoting Open Access (OA in Greece. Since 2007, LIC has been experimenting with OA publishing practices and tools within the framework of various R&D projects. Two of the major results of these efforts are the ‘Pasithee’ e-publishing platform and the ‘Dexamene’ digital archive for Greek scholarly journals. Both platforms are based on OJS-Open Journal Systems e-publishing software. The two facilities were appropriately modified to meet the LIC’s publishing and archiving requirements respectively. Currently two journals are being hosted on each platform and all four are from the Humanities. The LIC is negotiating with more publishers and editorial teams to host their journals. In this article we focus on: - technical and managerial key issues of the development and operation phases, - services and procedures, - the business model, - technological, procedural and legal issues and problems that were encountered when working together with publishers, editors and authors, and - future plans for improving and upgrading our e-publishing services into an integrated institutional platform to cover all kinds of publications and data types (monographs, conference proceedings, teaching material, bulletins, magazines etc.. The article concludes with a succinct presentation of the Directory of Greek Digital Resources, a pilot infrastructure developed by the LIC which indexes and presents digital publishing initiatives in Greece and aims to become a formal registry of Greek scholarly resources in digital format.

Panos Georgiou

2010-09-01

406

Developing Archive Information Packages for Data Sets: Early Experiments with Digital Library Standards  

Science.gov (United States)

The key to interoperability between systems is often metadata, yet metadata standards in the digital library and data center communities have evolved separately. In the data center world NASA's Directory Interchange Format (DIF), the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM), and most recently the international Geographic Information: Metadata (ISO 19115:2003) are used for descriptive metadata at the data set level to allow catalog interoperability; but use of anything other than repository- based metadata standards for the individual files that comprise a data set is rare, making true interoperability, at the data rather than data set level, across archives difficult. While the Open Archival Information Systems (OAIS) Reference Model with its call for creating Archive Information Packages (AIP) containing not just descriptive metadata but also preservation metadata is slowly being adopted in the community, the PREservation Metadata Implementation Strategies (PREMIS) standard, the only extant OAIS- compliant preservation metadata standard, has scarcely even been recognized as being applicable to the community. The digital library community in the meantime has converged upon the Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) for interoperability between systems as evidenced by support for the standard by digital library systems such as Fedora and Greenstone. METS is designed to allow inclusion of other XML-based standards as descriptive and administrative metadata components. A recent Stanford study suggests that a combination of METS with included FGDC and PREMIS metadata could work well for individual granules of a data set. However, some of the lessons learned by the data center community over the last 30+ years of dealing with digital data are 1) that data sets as a whole need to be preserved and described and 2) that discovery and access mechanisms need to be hierarchical. Only once a user has reviewed a data set description and determined that these data are useful for their purposes is it appropriate to search for granules that meet specific search criteria. The work described here is an initial attempt to bridge these two disparate communities' metadata standards in a manner supportive of this need for hierarchical discovery and access. One component of the work demonstrates the effort required to develop METS compliant metadata from granule metadata held in NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Data and Information System (EOSDIS) Core System (ECS) for inclusion in complete granule level AIPs for HDF5-formatted data. Another component demonstrates the feasibility of developing METS metadata for a data set as a whole.

Duerr, R. E.; Yang, M.; Gooyabadi, M.; Lee, C.

2008-12-01

407

What educators should know about teaching digital storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the authors present some of the most important lessons they havelearned from teaching courses, conducting workshops, writing articles, andsupervising graduate student research on the educational uses of digitalstorytelling. The guidelines described here are categorized within the ADDIEinstructional design framework and are presented as starting points thateducators should consider when they begin to integrate digital storytelling in theirclassrooms. The guidelines provide useful information that will help educatorsteach students all phases of the digital storytelling process, including analysis,design, development, implementation and evaluation of digital storytellingprojects that focus on educationally meaningful topics.

Bernard R. Robin

2012-12-01

408

First Invenio Workshop: CERN’s digital library software ten years on  

CERN Multimedia

To mark the release of Invenio 1.0, the first User Group Workshop was held last week, with more than 40 developers, system administrators and librarians from 14 different countries attending. The participants were able to catch up on developments in CERN’s digital library software and get a glimpse of where it's going next.   “This is the first time we’ve held such a big workshop,” explains Jean-Yves Le Meur, head of Digital Library Services. “There was a lot of demand for an event like this, and bringing out version 1.0 of Invenio was an obvious time to do it.” Ask him what’s new in version 1.0 and he opens his eyes wide. “There’s so much, it’s hard to summarise. One key improvement is that the code and the database are stable, well tested and optimised, which makes the software more efficient.” The participants, on the other hand, highlight new features coming up in Invenio...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

409

The challenges of establishing digital library services in an Open and Distance Learning (ODL) environment and the potential benefits: The road towards the integration of digital and traditional library services, the case of Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The information age is the zeitgeist of the twenty first century with the pervasive use of computers transcending across all sectors such as education, health and library and information departments. Of crucial importance is the ability of ICTs to break the barriers of time and distance that makes them an asset in the provision of library and information services .More so in Open and Distance Learning (ODL) institution?s library services as it provides electronic information and knowledge i...

Kudakwashe Danmore Keithy Tapfumaneyi; Gift Rupande

2013-01-01

410

Digital Library for Access to Rare Materials. From pilot projects to national digitisation programmes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available More than ten years ago, a first image digitisation product was published by the National Library of the Czech Republic in co-operation with an almost unknown small software company. It was a CD-ROM requested by UNESCO for its Memory of the World programme. After that there were many tests concerning digitisation devices and another two CD-ROM projects were completed to present two interesting manuscripts with rich description metadata related to all the structural levels of the book, including full text. In 1995 - 1996, our first digitisation centre was built to process manuscripts and old printed books. Later, it was upgraded several times with additional devices such as scanners, book cradles for careful document fixation, sophisticated camera stands, microclimate control units, etc. Simultaneously, many software tools were developed to assist the digitisation production. The co-operation with the company became crucial for further development of this activity and both the library and the company grew thanks to each other. In 1999, another project started to output digital data: it was based on the idea of safeguarding acid-paper library materials through preservation microfilming combined with digitisation of microfilm for access purposes. In order to be able to store large amounts of image data produced by this second programme, a mass storage facility was plugged into the digitisation production line. It was based on robotic library using magnetic tapes as storage medium. Successively, the digitisation programmes began to be used also by other Czech institutions holding rare collections of documents: other libraries, museums, archives, and even castle libraries and church institutions. Today, from all the digitised documents almost half of them are from other institutions than the National Library. This is an important success that has taken place thanks to support of the Ministry of Culture through specific grant programmes. Interested institutions can ask the Ministry for up to 70% of the total digitisation cost for their projects with which they apply in calls for proposals.

Adolf Knoll

2003-09-01

411

Digital Culture Clash: "Massive" Education in the "E-Learning and Digital Cultures" MOOC  

Science.gov (United States)

While education has been both open and online, the sizeable enrolment numbers associated with massive open online courses (MOOCs) are somewhat unprecedented. In order to gauge the significance of education at scale, this article analyses specific examples of massive participation derived from E-learning and Digital Cultures, a MOOC from the…

Knox, Jeremy

2014-01-01

412

gLibrary/DRI: A grid-based platform to host multiple repositories for digital content  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work we present the gLibrary/DRI (Digital Repositories Infrastructure) platform. gLibrary/DRI extends gLibrary, a system with a easy-to-use web front-end designed to save and organize multimedia assets on Grid-based storage resources. The main goal of the extended platform is to reduce the cost in terms of time and effort that a repository provider spends to get its repository deployed. This is achieved by providing a common infrastructure and a set of mechanisms (APIs and specifications) that the repository providers use to define the data model, the access to the content (by navigation trees and filters) and the storage model. DRI offers a generic way to provide all this functionality; nevertheless the providers can add specific behaviours to the default functions for their repositories. The architecture is Grid based (VO system, data federation and distribution, computing power, etc). A working example based on a mammograms repository is also presented. (Author)

413

Using Digital Data and Bibliometric Analysis for Researching Doctoral Education  

Science.gov (United States)

As more digital data become publicly available new opportunities for researchers in education are arising. Researchers may be unaware of the existence and usefulness of such data even though these are freely available. In this article the use of one such source of information is described and its potential for research into research education

Macauley, Peter; Evans, Terry; Pearson, Margot; Tregenza, Karen

2005-01-01

414

New Digital Technologies: Educational Opportunities for Australian Indigenous Learners  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents a number of possibilities that digital technologies can offer to increase access for Indigenous people to higher education in Australia. Such technologies can assist Indigenous high school students acquire the knowledge and skills they require to be accepted into higher education courses. They can also assist Indigenous…

Watson, Shalini

2013-01-01

415

THE PROBLEMS AND PROBABLE SOLUTIONS OF THE RESEARCH LIBRARIES IN THE DIGITAL ERA IN INDIA : AN OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available -“Books are the quietest and the most constant friends, they are the most accessible and wisest of counselors, and the most patient of teachers.” - Charles W. Eliot. The above statement of Charles W. Eliot indicates that how books are essential in the new digital Era. No doubt, The Technology revolution has brought many changes to the way librarians and library staff manages their day to provide information to users. However, in a fast changing, expanding diverse global digital information environment, libraries are facing a variety of new challenges from multiple sectors of the information society.

Shobha Pandurang Jadhav

2014-09-01

416

Computer Science Professionals and Greek Library Science  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper attempts to present the current state of computer science penetration into librarianship in terms of both workplace and education issues. The shift from material libraries into digital libraries is mirrored in the corresponding shift from librarians into information scientists. New library data and metadata, as well as new automated…

Dendrinos, Markos N.

2008-01-01

417

‘In-formation’ of Better Learning Environments - the Educational Role of the University Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper gives an overview of the close connection between learning - which is seen as a constructivist, active, self-directed and social process - and the university library. It discusses the role of the university library in the electronic learning environment, and considers the physical library as a place of learning which is not out of date. It also considers information literacy as the key to the library's educational role regarding its contents. Organisational issues hold together the...

Thomas Hapke

2005-01-01

418

Understanding the foundation: the state of generalist search education in library schools as related to the needs of expert searchers in medical libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose: The paper explores the current state of generalist search education in library schools and considers that foundation in respect to the Medical Library Association's statement on expert searching.

Nicholson, Scott

2005-01-01

419

La cooperación tecnológica entre bibliotecas digitales académicas de México / Cooperation in the area of technology among Mexican digital academic libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se analiza si existe cooperación entre las bibliotecas digitales académicas mexicanas para desarrollar aplicaciones tecnológicas que ayuden en el mejoramiento de sus actividades. El estudio se basa en un modelo teórico de la biblioteca digital previamente armado, en donde la variable tecnológica sir [...] ve como punto de partida para conocer cómo se establece la cooperación entre las bibliotecas digitales académicas de México. Los resultados que se arrojan ayudan a conocer cómo se da la cooperación entre bibliotecas digitales académicas en el contexto mexicano. Abstract in english In this paper researchers examine the actuality of cooperation between Mexican digital academic libraries in the area of developing technological applications to improve operational performance. The study is based on a previously developed theoretical digital library model, in which the technologica [...] l variable serves as a starting point to learn how to enhance cooperation between academic digital libraries in Mexico. The results help shed light on the degree and nature of cooperation between academic digital libraries in Mexico.

Georgina Araceli, Torres Vargas.

420

La cooperación tecnológica entre bibliotecas digitales académicas de México / Cooperation in the area of technology among Mexican digital academic libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se analiza si existe cooperación entre las bibliotecas digitales académicas mexicanas para desarrollar aplicaciones tecnológicas que ayuden en el mejoramiento de sus actividades. El estudio se basa en un modelo teórico de la biblioteca digital previamente armado, en donde la variable tecnológica sir [...] ve como punto de partida para conocer cómo se establece la cooperación entre las bibliotecas digitales académicas de México. Los resultados que se arrojan ayudan a conocer cómo se da la cooperación entre bibliotecas digitales académicas en el contexto mexicano. Abstract in english In this paper researchers examine the actuality of cooperation between Mexican digital academic libraries in the area of developing technological applications to improve operational performance. The study is based on a previously developed theoretical digital library model, in which the technologica [...] l variable serves as a starting point to learn how to enhance cooperation between academic digital libraries in Mexico. The results help shed light on the degree and nature of cooperation between academic digital libraries in Mexico.

Georgina Araceli, Torres Vargas.

2014-04-01

 
 
 
 
421

Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Project Office  

Science.gov (United States)

... which has the responsibility for developing policies that guide the development of DLESE and for ... broader geoscience community. All the groups staffing the core service areas are party to the DLESE ...

422

Federal Agency and Federal Library Reports. Library of Congress; Center for the Book; Federal Library and Information Center Committee; National Commission on Libraries and Information Science; National Agricultural Library; National Library of Medicine;United States Government Printing Office; National Technical Information Service; National Archives and Records Administration; National Center for Education Statistics Library Statistics Program; National Library of Education; Educational Resources Information Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

Includes reports from Library of Congress, Center for the Book, Federal Library and Information Center Committee, National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, National Agricultural Library, National Library of Medicine, Government Printing Office, National Technical Information Service, National Archives and Records Administration,…

Fischer, Audrey; Cole, John Y.; Tarr, Susan M.; Vlach, Rosalie B.; Carey, Len; Mehnert, Robert; Sherman, Andrew M.; Davis, Linda; Vecchiarelli, Marion H.; Chute, Adrienne; Dunn, Christina

2002-01-01

423

The Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE): Past, Present, Future  

Science.gov (United States)

The Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) is now over 90 years old. Recently recommitted to a focus on research in library and information science teaching and pedagogy, and support for educators in the field, ALISE serves its members with a range of publications, awards, and services. Membership is strong and…

Julien, Heidi

2007-01-01

424

The "Core" in Library and/or Information Science Education and Training  

Science.gov (United States)

The issue of what constitutes or should constitute the "core" in library and/or information science (LIS) education and training is one that is frequently debated. This article reviews literature related to this matter and cites findings from an empirical study conducted in South Africa on library and/or information science education and training.…

Raju, J.

2003-01-01

425

Teacher Educators' Digital Competence  

Science.gov (United States)

This position paper focuses on how the new national curriculum for school and the new general plan for teacher education in Norway change the underlying premises for teaching and learning in today's teacher education. This has become particularly pressing as a result of the new educational reform "Knowledge Promotion" in schools,…

Krumsvik, Rune Johan

2014-01-01

426

Expanding Arts Education in a Digital Age  

Science.gov (United States)

This article proposes a way to expand the study of arts education within new contexts of technology and globalization. Drawing upon theories that have informed arts and aesthetic education in the past, the authors suggest new applications for these ideas to ensure that arts education sustains its significance in twenty-first-century society. The…

Choi, Haeryun; Piro, Joseph M.

2009-01-01

427

Copyright, digital media literacies and preservice teacher education  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article considers copyright knowledge and skills as a new literacy that can be developed through the application of digital media literacy pedagogies. Digital media literacy is emerging from more established forms of media literacy that have existed in schools for several decades and have continued to change as the social and cultural practices around media technologies have changed. Changing requirements of copyright law present specific new challenges for media literacy education bec...

Michael Dezuanni; Cushla Kapitzke; Radha Iyer

2010-01-01

428

Education remix: New media, literacies, and the emerging digital geographies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores instances of youth educating themselves beyond the boundaries of school through engagement with and production of “digital geographies,” or the emerging landscapes that are being produced through the confluence of new communicative practices and available media and technologies. A framework of digital geographies, which is grounded in theories of spatiality, literacies, and multimodality, is used to analyze the social media practices and multimedia artifacts produced by two court-involved youth, who are part of an ongoing, multi-year ethnography of an alternative to incarceration program. Attention to digital geographies, and attendant communicative practices, can yield important insights about education beyond the school walls. The conclusion addresses the implications of this research for meaningful educational contexts for adolescents’ literacies and how learning might be conceptualized and designed within school.

Lalitha Vasudevan

2010-05-01

429

La digital library “SHOAH” dell’ Archivio Centrale dello Stato : Un progetto di recupero e di digital preservation di documenti audiovisivi di storia orale  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ItLa digital library “Ti Racconto la Storia : Voci dalla Shoah” (sito web: http://www.shoah.acs.beniculturali.it/ è il risultato di un progetto durato diversi anni, nato con l’obiettivo di preservare e diffondere un considerevole patrimonio documentario audiovisivo che il Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali ha ricevuto in copia dalla Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation nell’ambito di un accordo di collaborazione. La trasformazione di un sistema software proprietario per l’indicizzazione dei contenuti e l’archiviazione digitale in un sistema di digital library più attuale, basato sulle tecnologie più recenti, ha consentito di definire un modello per il recupero, la preservazione e la diffusione di risorse digitali adatto ad essere impiegato in qualsiasi ambito della storia orale.EnThe digital library “Ti Racconto la Storia : Voci dalla Shoah” (website: http://www.shoah.acs.beniculturali.it/ is the result of a project carried out for several years, aimed at the preservation and diffusion to the broad public of a huge audio-visual documentary heritage that the Italian Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities received in copy from the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, in the context of a collaboration agreement. The transformation of a pre-existing proprietary software for the indexing and storage of digital resources into a modern Digital Library system, based on the most recent technologies, permitted to define a generic model for the recovery, preservation and dissemination of digital resources, that can be re-used for similar projects in the field of oral history.

Davide Merlitti

2012-12-01

430

The University of Vermont Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives: Fletcher Family  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Vermont Libraries' Center for Digital Initiatives has continued to add to their online offerings in recent years. This latest collection is quite a pip, and it contains family correspondence from the Fletcher Family of Vermont. The family correspondence begins in 1826, and it is primarily focused around several family members who moved west to New York, Ohio, and other parts of the heartland. Throughout these letters, the various correspondents detail the process of creating and managing their new farms and the documents leave no fact (or price) unexplored as they discuss the land, grains, stock, and groceries. All told, there are 139 letters in the collection, and visitors can click on the "Browse the Collection" section to view the letters listed by author. Additionally, visitors can search the collection by keyword, title, or subject.

431

Exploratory Search Interfaces for the UNESCO Multilingual Digital Library: Combining Visualization and Semantics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

The objective of this paper is to report on the design of semantically–rich and dynamic visual user interfaces to support exploratory interaction with the UNESCO digital library materials. The UNESCO multilingual thesaurus, which supports English, French, and Spanish, has been utilized to provide a semantic and multilingual environment where users can browse the thesaurus using word buckets, formulate queries, explore the conceptual space of their query terms and view results in a dynamic and highly interactive environment. The interface design focuses on integrating searching and browsing and multilingual elements in a visual environment where terms and retrieved documents are designed as visual objects. To facilitate users’ interaction with terms, thesaural relationships are shown using such elements as colour, size, location, and distance.

Stan Ruecker

2011-07-01

432

Digital Libraries: From Process Modelling to Grid-based Service Oriented Architecture  

CERN Document Server

Graphical Business Process Modelling Languages (BPML) like Role Activity Diagrams (RAD) provide ease and flexibility for modelling business behaviour. However, these languages show limited applicability in terms of enactment over distributed systems paradigms like Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) based grid computing. This paper investigates RAD modelling of a Scientific Publishing Process (SPP) for Digital Libraries (DL) and tries to determine the suitability of Pi-Calculus based formal approaches to enact SOA based grid computing. In order to achieve this purpose, the Pi-Calculus based formal transformation from a RAD model of SPP for DL draws attention towards a number of challenging issues including issues that require particular design considerations for appropriate enactment in a SOA based grid system.

Khan, Z A; McClatchey, R; Khan, Zaheer Abbas; Odeh, Mohammed; Clatchey, Richard Mc

2006-01-01

433

INSPIRE: Realizing the dream of a global digital library in High-Energy Physics  

CERN Document Server

High-Energy Physics (HEP) has a long tradition in pioneering infrastructures for scholarly communication, and four leading laboratories are now rolling-out the next-generation digital library for the field: INSPIRE. This is an evolution of the extraordinarily successful, 40-years old SPIRES database. Based on the Invenio software, INSPIRE already provides seamless access to almost 1 million records, which will be expanded to cover multimedia, data, software, wikis. Services offered include citation analysis, fulltext search, extraction of figures from fulltext and search in figure captions, automatic keyword assignment, metadata harvesting, retrodigitization, ingestion and automatic display of LaTeX, and storage of supplementary materials like Mathematica notebooks. New services are in different phases of design or implementation, in strategic partnerships with all other information providers in the field and neighbouring disciplines, including automatic author disambiguation, user tagging, crowdsourcing of m...

Holtkamp, Annette; Simko, Tibor; Smith, Tim

2010-01-01

434

Taking control of your digital library: how modern citation managers do more than just referencing.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physicians are constantly navigating the overwhelming body of medical literature available on the Internet. Although early citation managers were capable of limited searching of index databases and tedious bibliography production, modern versions of citation managers such as EndNote, Zotero, and Mendeley are powerful web-based tools for searching, organizing, and sharing medical literature. Effortless point-and-click functions provide physicians with the ability to develop robust digital libraries filled with literature relevant to their fields of interest. In addition to easily creating manuscript bibliographies, various citation managers allow physicians to readily access medical literature, share references for teaching purposes, collaborate with colleagues, and even participate in social networking. If physicians are willing to invest the time to familiarize themselves with modern citation managers, they will reap great benefits in the future. PMID:24297125

Mahajan, Amit K; Hogarth, D Kyle

2013-12-01

435

Project GRACE A grid based search tool for the global digital library  

CERN Document Server

The paper will report on the progress of an ongoing EU project called GRACE - Grid Search and Categorization Engine (http://www.grace-ist.org). The project participants are CERN, Sheffield Hallam University, Stockholm University, Stuttgart University, GL 2006 and Telecom Italia. The project started in 2002 and will finish in 2005, resulting in a Grid based search engine that will search across a variety of content sources including a number of electronic thesis and dissertation repositories. The Open Archives Initiative (OAI) is expanding and is clearly an interesting movement for a community advocating open access to ETD. However, the OAI approach alone may not be sufficiently scalable to achieve a truly global ETD Digital Library. Many universities simply offer their collections to the world via their local web services without being part of any federated system for archiving and even those dissertations that are provided with OAI compliant metadata will not necessarily be picked up by a centralized OAI Ser...

Scholze, Frank; Vigen, Jens; Prazak, Petra; The Seventh International Conference on Electronic Theses and Dissertations

2004-01-01

436

Implementation of Hierarchical Authorization For A Web-Based Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Access control mechanisms are needed in almost every system nowadays to control what kind of access each user has to which resources and when. On the one hand access control systems need to be flexible to allow the definition of the access rules that are actually needed. But they must also be easy to administrate to prevent rules from being in place without the administrator realizing it. This is particularly difficult for systems such as a digital library that requires fine-grained access rules specifying access control at a document level. We present the implementation and architecture of a system that allows definition of access rights down to the single document and user level. We use hierarchies on users and roles, hierachies on access rights and hierarchies on documents and document groups. These hierarchies allow a maximum of flexibility and still keep the system easy enough to administrate. Our access control system supports positive as well as negative permissions.

Andreas Geyer-Schulz

2007-04-01

437

On the creation of a segmentation library for digitized cervical and lumbar spine radiographs.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, we address the issue of computer-assisted indexing in one specific case, i.e., for the 17,000 digitized images of the spine acquired during the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The crucial step in this process is to accurately segment the cervical and lumbar spine in the radiographic images. To that end, we have implemented a