WorldWideScience
 
 
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ACM SIGGRAPH Education Committee Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The ACM SIGGRAPH Education Committee Digital Library contains educational resources, curriculum recommendations, information about workshops and grants opportunities for both technical and creative educators and students of computer graphics and visualization.

2003-02-15

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Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE)  

Science.gov (United States)

... FOUNDATION Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Program Solicitation NSF 02-158 ... peer-review system. As presently envisioned, the system will enable multiple pathways to a reviewed ...

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Digital Water Education Library (DWEL)  

Science.gov (United States)

The DWEL collection offers K-12 and informal-education digital resources of high quality that are related to the science, policy, and economics of water. The collection is designed to facilitate learning about all aspects of water in the Earth system. The DWEL collection supports science-education standards and inquiry-based learning and has been created by a select and diverse group of practicing educators to ensure excellence and relevance to a wide range of learning environments. The collection favors resources that are well documented, easy to use, bug-free, motivational for learners, pedagogically effective, scientifically accurate, and that foster mastery of important scientific and mathematical understandings and technology skills.

2003-09-02

4

Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, Digital Libraries includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.

Papy, Fabrice

2008-01-01

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Everglades Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Everglades Digital Library (EDL) is a comprehensive portal to high-quality digital resources relating to the south Florida environment. These resources include online texts, articles, reports, photographs, maps, datasets, educational materials, and historical records, as well as links to organizational web sites and agency home pages. These materials come from libraries, government agencies, nonprofit organizations, educational institutions, and other sources.

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Chemical Education Digital Library (ChemEd DL)  

Science.gov (United States)

ChemEd DL provides exemplary digital resources, tools, and online services to aid in teaching and learning chemistry by offering access to multiple collections and services from the the Journal of Chemical Education, the American Chemical Society Education Division and the ChemCollective. Major resources center on the periodic table and properties of the elements, molecular and solid-state structures, videos showing chemical reactions, questions for homework and quizzes, virtual laboratories, and wiki-based textbooks. Major services include a course-management system (Moodle) into which resources are easily added, a tool for organizing wiki-textbooks into course units, and a series of high-school-chemistry lesson plans incorporating online resources.

2008-12-10

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Activities and Strategies for the Inclusion of a K-12 Educational Component in Digitization Grant Projects of Academic Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This article seeks to explore and discuss activities and strategies for including a K-12 educational component in digitization grant projects in academic libraries. The article is based on cases studying the K-12 educational component of the three following grants awarded to East Carolina University Joyner Library by North Carolina Exploring…

Teel, Linda

2010-01-01

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Educação e bibliotecas digitais / Education and digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Com o avanço vertiginoso das tecnologias de comunicação e da informática, o mundo presencia o surgimento de uma nova sociedade, onde a informação se faz onipresente, mudando nossa forma de pensar e agir. A Sociedade da Informação não é só um fenômeno tecnológico, tem repercussão política, econômica, educacional e cultural.Destacamos, dentre os aspectos educacionais, o surgimento da biblioteca digital e seu papel como provedora de acesso à informação digital. Este artigo tem como objetivo fazer um recorte na literatura sobre a biblioteca digital e educação, onde foi percebida a ausência de bibliotecas escolares digitais, em Portugal e também no Brasil, fato que evidencia uma lacuna no sistema educacional dos referidos países.

Cassia Furtado

2010-01-01

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Core Services in the Architecture of the National Digital Library for Science Education (NSDL)  

CERN Multimedia

We describe the core components of the architecture for the (NSDL) National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library. Over time the NSDL will include heterogeneous users, content, and services. To accommodate this, a design for a technical and organization infrastructure has been formulated based on the notion of a spectrum of interoperability. This paper describes the first phase of the interoperability infrastructure including the metadata repository, search and discovery services, rights management services, and user interface portal facilities.

Lagoze, C; Gan, S; Hillmann, D; Ingram, C; Krafft, D; Marisa, R; Phipps, J; Saylor, J; Terrizzi, C; Hoehn, W; Millman, D; Allan, J; Guzman-Lara, S; Kalt, T; Lagoze, Carl; Arms, William; Gan, Stoney; Hillmann, Diane; Ingram, Christopher; Krafft, Dean; Marisa, Richard; Phipps, Jon; Saylor, John; Terrizzi, Carol; Hoehn, Walter; Millman, David; Allan, James; Guzman-Lara, Sergio; Kalt, Tom

2002-01-01

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Digital library : transformation of academic librarian roles  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

peer-reviewed , Higher education literature abounds with dark forebodings regarding the impact of the Digital Library on the traditional academic library. In a vein that will be familiar to most of us, the ‘Academic Library Autopsy Report 2050’ from the Chronicle of Higher Education argues that librari...

Geraghty, Aoife

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Ethnomathematics Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Ethnomathematics Digital Library (EDL) is "a resource network and interactive learning community for ethnomathematics, with emphasis on the indigenous mathematics of the Pacific region." The collaborative project is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and overseen by Pacific Resources for Education and Learning (PREL). Based on the premise that "mathematical ideas are mental constructs created by individuals and groups in response to cultural activities" (such as navigation, building, and trade) the group identifies, reviews, seeks copyright clearance, digitizes, indexes, and archives ethnomathematics materials that they consider high quality. There are about 700 items in this growing collection, which visitors may search by keyword or browse by subject, geographical area, or cultural group.

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Harmful Algae Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Harmful Algae Digital Library contains a collection of Sea Grant documents in digital format (primarily PDF) arranged by subject area: red tide/PSP, brown tide, ciguatera, killer algae, and Pfiesteria. This collection is part of the National Sea Grant Library (NSGL), which maintains over 36,000 searchable records dedicated to environmental stewardship, long-term economic development and responsible use of America's coastal, ocean and Great Lakes resources.

Library, National S.; University Of Rhode Island-Bay Campus, Noaa

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The Library of Virginia's Digital Library Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Describes The Library of Virginia's Digital Library Project that has made many of its state library collections available via the Internet and World Wide Web. Highlights include digitization decisions; the HTML Web gateway; the online catalog; microfilm digitization; users and use statistics; and future projects. (LRW)|

Roderick, Elizabeth; Taylor, Jean Marie; Byrd, Sam; Courson, Glenn

1997-01-01

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Virtual Slavica digital libraries, digital archives  

CERN Document Server

Get an inside view of producing digital information projectsDigital technology has provided great opportunities as well as colossal challenges for information professionals at Slavic libraries, collections, and archives. Virtual Slavica: Digital Libraries, Digital Archives presents leading information experts exploring the monumental task of converting Slavic manuscripts and books for presentation in the digital realm. Readers get a clear inside view of how to conquer the various challenges that arise within digital library and archive projects through detailed descriptions of spec

Neubert, Michael

2013-01-01

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Essential competencies of an information professional working in a digital library environment, in the opinions of Norwegian and Thai library and information science educators  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Essential competencies required of an information professional to work in the digital environment have been a significant discussion topic the Library and Information science (LIS) world. Both in Norway and Thailand, one of the issues discussed by LIS educators and librarians in several discussions ...

Nonthacumjane, Pussadee

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Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative  

Science.gov (United States)

The Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI) is an international group of Assyriologists, museum curators and historians making available cuneiform tablets dating from the beginning of writing, ca. 3200 B.C., until the end of the third millennium. Led by a team at the University of California at Los Angeles, with initial National Science Foundation funding, this ambitious project seeks expose the collections within the US, Germany, Austria, and the Czech Republic, to a broad audience of specialists, scholars and advanced students. The presently limited (but growing) data set consists of text and image (current library entries offer high quality images), combining document transliterations, text glossaries and digitized originals and photo archives of early cuneiform. To promote discussion and scholarship, CDLI established two, English language, electronic journals which are currently accepting submissions, Cuneiform Digital Library Bulletin (for the rapid distribution of short notes) and the Cuneiform Digital Library Journal (more substantive scholarly contributions). The initial contributions will be made available in March 2002. This collection can be somewhat difficult to navigate, but offers a great opportunity to interested scholars and students.

2001-01-01

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Visualization in digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In an age characterized by tremendous technological breakthroughs, the world is witnessing overwhelming quantities and types of information. Digital Libraries (DLs) are a result of these breakthroughs, but they have not been spared by the challenges resulting from them. While DLs stakeholders are st...

Kimani, S.; Bertini, E.; Di Bello, L.; Catarci, T.

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Bibliotecas digitales: recursos bibliográficos electrónicos en educación básica Digital Libraries: Electronic Bibliographic Resources on Basic Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Estudiar recursos bibliográficos en formato electrónico para la educación básica implica reflexionar sobre mecanismos de búsqueda que atiendan las necesidades de los pequeños usuarios. A través de los trabajos realizados en el proyecto de investigación educativa «Bibliotecas digitales», se puso en evidencia que los acervos explorados, manejan un lenguaje para un nivel de educación superior. Ante esta problemática, se planteó la siguiente pregunta de investigación: ¿Cuáles son los criterios de clasificación de los recursos bibliográficos electrónicos para la educación básica? Se propuso una investigación no experimental, con una muestra de estudio no probabilística de casos tipo, integrada por 250 recursos que ofrecen los diez acervos bibliográficos seleccionados en base a un estudio exploratorio previamente realizado. Para el análisis, se valoraron los siguientes recursos: accesibilidad, eje curricular al que está dirigido, formato y aspectos pedagógicos, funcionales, tecnológicos y estéticos. Los resultados muestran una media de 3.76, la cual indica que los acervos bibliográficos ofrecen recursos de calidad, aunque es necesario trabajar en los aspectos pedagógicos y funcionales. Clasificar recursos electrónicos para educación básica requiere considerar necesidades pedagógicas, entorno gráfico, tecnológico y sobre todo, la forma dinámica y cambiante de cómo se concibe la información. Esto corrobora la necesidad de establecer un conjunto de indicadores que permita a los docentes seleccionar recursos electrónicos en relación a los ejes curriculares de la educación básica.Studying electronic bibliographic resources for basic education involves thinking about search mechanisms that meet the needs of young users. Through the investigation carried out during the educational research project «Digital libraries», it became evident that the collections explored use a language better suited to higher education. Faced with this problem, the following question arose: What are the criteria for classifying electronic bibliographic resources for basic education? The proposed investigation was non-experimental, with a non-probabilistic sample of case studies; the sample comprised 250 resources from 10 bibliographic collections. The analysis assessed resources according to: accessibility, the curricular axis to which it is addressed, and format; pedagogical, functional, technological and aesthetic aspects. The results show a mean of 3.76, which indicates that the bibliographic collections provide quality resources, although it is necessary to improve educational and functional aspects. Classifying electronic resources for basic education requires the consideration of pedagogical needs, graphical and technological qualities and, especially, the dynamic way in which information is conceived nowadays. This confirms the need to establish a set of indicators that enable teachers to select electronic resources based on basic education curricular axes.

Marcela Georgina López Zermeño

2012-01-01

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Health Education Assets Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This site presents the Health Education Assets Library (HEAL), "a digital library of freely accessible, web-based multimedia teaching materials that meet the needs of today's health sciences educators and learners." Titles of some of the materials available at HEAL include MedlinePlus Interactive Health Tutorials, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Illustrations, and NeuroLogic Exam: An Anatomical Approach. To assist site users in locating health sciences files, the site provides a search engine with multiple search options like media type, keywords, contributor information, and more. Site users can also browse indices by subject or collection. Additionally, the site offers information about HEAL, including history, team members, and publications.

2007-03-07

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Land Treatment Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

A dynamic system to enter, store, retrieve, and analyze Federal land-treatment data. More information and access to data available at: http://greatbasin.wr.usgs.gov/ltdl Across the country, public land managers make hundreds of decisions each year that influence landscapes and ecosystems within the lands they manage. Many of these decisions involve vegetation manipulations known as land treatments. Land treatments include activities such as removal or alteration of plant biomass, seeding burned areas, and herbicide applications. Data on these land treatments are usually stored at local offices, and gathering information across large spatial areas can be difficult. There is a need to centralize and store treatment data for Federal agencies involved in land treatments because these data are useful to land managers for policy and management and to scientists for developing sampling designs and studies. The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to catalog information about land treatments on Federal lands in the western United States for all interested parties. The flexible framework of the library allows for the storage of a wide variety of data in different formats. The LTDL currently stores previously established land treatments or what often are called legacy data. The project was developed and has been refined based on feedback from partner agencies and stakeholders, with opportunity for the library holdings to expand as new information becomes available. The library contains data in text, tabular, spatial, and image formats. Specific examples include project plans and implementation reports, monitoring data, spatial data files from geographic information systems, digitized paper maps, and digital images of land treatments. The data are entered by USGS employees and are accessible through a searchable web site. The LTDL can be used to respond to information requests, conduct analyses and other forms of information syntheses, produce maps, and generate reports for DOI managers and scientists and other authorized users.

Pilliod, David

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Digital library activities in Germany: the German Digital Library Program GLOBAL INFO  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"Several digital library projects have emerged in Germany in recent years. The German Digital Library Programme GLOBAL INFO, which is funded by the federal ministry for education and research from 1998 to 2003, is about to become the most important of them. It has the aim to ad-vance for the single ...

Schmiede, Rudi

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Googlizing a Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article describes how we dramatically increased access to our content through the use of sitemap files and sets of browsable links. Digital libraries, when characterized by search and retrieval capabilities, are normally part of the Deep Web, inaccessible to general web crawlers and hence to generalized search engines such as Google. Yet the primary goals of digital libraries include enhancing accessibility, expanding one's audience to the general public, and promoting the library. Leveraging the capabilities of popular search engines is a potentially powerful and low-cost method of meeting these goals. An overview is provided of the problem, the solutions being developed, as well as an exploration of the current methods of remediation and their applicability to two other search engines, Yahoo! and Ask. A selection of methods is implemented for a dynamically-delivered database of 1081 finding aids (in the form of Encoded Archival Description). Access statistics (ruling out crawlers) already indicate a remarkable increase in user and hit counts as a result.

Jody DeRidder

2008-01-01

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Development of Higher Education in Albania: The Case of the Public University Libraries in Efforts to Build Digital and Electronic Services for the Academic Community  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Between the obligation of carrying out their mission to ensure the quality development of higher education and the right to function as important centers where knowledge is taken, developed and transmitted, this paper will examine the technological developments of university libraries as an important part of higher education. Digital and electronic experiences applied in Albanian universities libraries will be brought to the attention of the public. This paper is based on the questionnaire survey conducted at public university libraries in Albania. Opinions of librarians regarding ICT application were elicited using a structured questionnaire, followed up with interviews. In the case of non-response by libraries is consulted their official web sites to have a more complete information. In addition, secondary sources were consulted as domestic and foreign literature in this field. Results show that: 1) the level of application information technology in public university libraries in Albania is acceptable. The most important and serious problem is the lack of the unique University Library ICT Policy; 2) serious handicap is the lack of educated librarians in using information technology; 3) the proportion of university library activity goes more digital, so the digital collection becomes reality in the public university libraries. This paper brings conclusions that contribute to: a) national information communication technology policy for university libraries and b) the creation of an integrated system for management and transmission of knowledge at the national level for all Albanian university libraries.

Erena Haska

2013-01-01

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Digital Libraries and Educational Resources: the AquaRing Semantic Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Large amounts of scientific digital contents are nowadays held by scientific institutions which collect, produce and store information valuable for dissemination, work, study and research. In this context, the development of the web and learning technologies has brought new opportunities for teachers and learners to retrieve and share pedagogical objects. This paper introduces the use of a semantic approach developed within the EC funded AquaRing project with the aim of improving access to the vast amount of digital content concerning the aquatic environment and its resources, as well as supporting enhanced education and informal learning in this specific domain. In order to achieve these goals, a semantic framework and an educational ontology were developed and implemented. Both were used to support the indexing of learning resources and to provide several educational services to end-users (especially children, students, parents and teachers).

Stefano Bianchi; Gianni Vercelli; Giuliano Vivanet

2010-01-01

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A digital library of radiology images.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A web-based virtual library of peer-reviewed radiological images was created for use in education and clinical decision support. Images were obtained from open-access content of five online radiology journals and one e-learning web site. Figure captions were indexed by Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) codes, imaging modality, and patient age and sex. This digital library provides a new, valuable online resource.

Kahn CE Jr

2006-01-01

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The Roles of Digital Reference in a Digital Library Environment  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Digital reference has become a significant movement in the world of traditional libraries, and increasingly, in the digital library arena. This white paper will present the background for the digital reference movement, highlight current work and research in the area, and provide some examples of how digital reference can be integrated into digital libraries. Keywords Digital reference, virtual reference, information systems, standards, research studies, digital libraries, intermediation

R. David Lankes

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La biblioteca digital y la educación a distancia como entes inseparables para incrementar la calidad de la educación/ Digital Library and Distant Education as inseparable entities to better quality of education  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo aborda la biblioteca digital como un elemento indispensable para la educación a distancia, y plantea el modo en que dicha biblioteca puede incrementar la calidad de esta modalidad de la educación. Se muestran además las actividades escolares que pueden ser mejoradas con el uso de la biblioteca digital. Los planteamientos construidos en este artículo se sustentan primeramente en una investigación documental sobre los distintos elementos que interac (more) túan en la educación a distancia, pero también se apoyan en un análisis crítico de varias modalidades a distancia analizadas. El objetivo de este trabajo tiene tres vertientes: la primera es mostrar a la biblioteca digital como un espacio educativo; la segunda se refiere a los diferentes aspectos que deben considerarse para lograr que la biblioteca sea la columna medular de este tipo de modalidad educativa, y la tercera es proponer elementos que permitan mejorar la calidad de la educación a distancia a través de su interacción con la biblioteca digital. Abstract in english Digital library is shown as an indispensable element in distant education, and as a way to improve the quality of this type of education. This paper is based in documentary research but also supported in some benchmarking. The objective is three folded: a) to show digital library as an educational space; b) to refer to the different aspects which may be taken into account in order to make this type of library the central column in this educational modality, and c) to propose some scholar activities that could be improved with the use of a digital library.

Cabral Vargas, Brenda

2008-08-01

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La biblioteca digital y la educación a distancia como entes inseparables para incrementar la calidad de la educación Digital Library and Distant Education as inseparable entities to better quality of education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda la biblioteca digital como un elemento indispensable para la educación a distancia, y plantea el modo en que dicha biblioteca puede incrementar la calidad de esta modalidad de la educación. Se muestran además las actividades escolares que pueden ser mejoradas con el uso de la biblioteca digital. Los planteamientos construidos en este artículo se sustentan primeramente en una investigación documental sobre los distintos elementos que interactúan en la educación a distancia, pero también se apoyan en un análisis crítico de varias modalidades a distancia analizadas. El objetivo de este trabajo tiene tres vertientes: la primera es mostrar a la biblioteca digital como un espacio educativo; la segunda se refiere a los diferentes aspectos que deben considerarse para lograr que la biblioteca sea la columna medular de este tipo de modalidad educativa, y la tercera es proponer elementos que permitan mejorar la calidad de la educación a distancia a través de su interacción con la biblioteca digital.Digital library is shown as an indispensable element in distant education, and as a way to improve the quality of this type of education. This paper is based in documentary research but also supported in some benchmarking. The objective is three folded: a) to show digital library as an educational space; b) to refer to the different aspects which may be taken into account in order to make this type of library the central column in this educational modality, and c) to propose some scholar activities that could be improved with the use of a digital library.

Brenda Cabral Vargas

2008-01-01

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Digital Video Library Network: System and Approach  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Tremendous growth of the Internet population creates a large demand on newapplications, and advances in Internet technologies make it feasible to develop newexciting application base on video and broadband network. One of the most hottesttopic nowadays is the Digital Video Library Systems. It has a promising applicationscope in entertainment, information, education or business. However, due to thetemporal nature of video, indexing and retrieval of video content is not trivial.Therefore, we will introduce the digital video library network in this paper with anumber of techniques concerning the indexing and retrieval of video contents.ContentsIntroduction ................................................................................................................... 3System Architecture ...................................................................................................... 4Video Server .........................................................................

Ma Chak Kei

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DIGITAL ERA: UTILIZE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN DIGITAL LIBRARY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the purpose of applying cloud computing to digital library, the paper initially describes cloud computing and analyzes current status of cloud computing in digital library. Then it proposes the architecture of cloud computing in digital library and summarises the application of cloud computing in digital library. Finally the author brings out the future improvement in digital library using cloud computing technology.

T. RAGHUNADHA REDDY

2012-01-01

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NCore: Architecture and Implementation of a Flexible, Collaborative Digital Library  

CERN Multimedia

NCore is an open source architecture and software platform for creating flexible, collaborative digital libraries. NCore was developed by the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) project, and it serves as the central technical infrastructure for NSDL. NCore consists of a central Fedora-based digital repository, a specific data model, an API, and a set of backend services and frontend tools that create a new model for collaborative, contributory digital libraries. This paper describes NCore, presents and analyzes its architecture, tools and services; and reports on the experience of NSDL in building and operating a major digital library on it over the past year and the experience of the Digital Library for Earth Systems Education in porting their existing digital library and tools to the NCore platform.

Krafft, Dean B; Cramer, Ellen J

2008-01-01

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Development of the educational digital library EduCR@I 2.0 Desarrollo de la Biblioteca Digital Educativa EduCR@I 2.0  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries have changed from being places where you store, organize and disseminate information, to become dynamic centers, acting proactively in knowledge construction by providing resources and services that innovate ways to communicate with its users to create alternative spaces to make an impact in the academic life of the institution. This educational digital library proposal involves the construction of a virtual space extended to the physical library resources to accommodate different teaching and educational purposes expressed in learning objects, video channel, wikis, virtual classroom, blogs, web portal, library in virtual worlds and digital repositories. EDUCR @ I 2.0 is the name that has been designated to the multi-platform educational digital library CUCSUR, presenting up to now as progress in its construction the design of structures for skills development writers. The project proposes a flexible schema to be organized in a modular way and the possibilities to increase its components. It allows saving costs due to the use of free software and open source as well as the campus intranet, and depending on the incorporation of multimedia materials, users online and scanned documents to database, it is possible to perform preliminary tests on its functionality with Workstations computer equipment type for preliminary testing and measuring growth of the collections in the future.Las bibliotecas han evolucionado de ser lugares donde se almacenan, organizan y difunden la información hasta convertirse en centros dinámicos que actúan de manera proactiva en la construcción del conocimiento al disponer de recursos y servicios que innovan la manera de comunicarse con sus usuarios al generar espacios alternativos para lograr un impacto en la vida académica de la institución. La presente propuesta de biblioteca digital educativa consiste en la construcción de un espacio virtual extendido a la biblioteca física para albergar diferentes recursos con fines didácticos y educativos expresados en objetos de aprendizaje, canal de video, wikis, aula virtual, blogs, portal web, biblioteca en mundos virtuales y repositorios digitales. EDUCR@I 2.0 es el nombre que se le ha designado a la multiplataforma digital educativa de la biblioteca del CUCSUR, que presenta hasta el momento como avance en su construcción el diseño de estructuras para el desarrollo de competencias escritoras. El proyecto propone un esquema flexible al organizarse de forma modular y con posibilidades para incrementar sus componentes. Permite el ahorro de costos debido a la utilización de software libre y código abierto así como la intranet del campus y, dependiendo de la incorporación de materiales multimedia, usuarios conectados y documentos digitalizados a las bases de datos, es posible realizar pruebas preliminares de su funcionalidad con equipos de cómputo tipo Workstation existentes para la realización de pruebas preliminares y la medición de crecimiento de las colecciones a futuro

Yolanda López Santana; Alfredo Jonatan López Vargas

2013-01-01

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Theoretical Foundations for Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

In 1991, a group of researchers chose the term digital libraries to describe an emerging field of research, development, and practice. Since then, Virginia Tech has had funded research in this area, largely through its Digital Library Research Laboratory. This book is the first in a four book series that reports our key findings and current research investigations. Underlying this book series are five completed dissertations (Gonçalves, Kozievitch, Murthy, Shen, Torres), nine dissertations underway, and many masters theses. These reflect our experience with a long string of prototype or produc

Fox, Edward A; Shen, Rao

2012-01-01

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Alexandria Digital Library (ADL)  

Science.gov (United States)

The ADL collection provides searching capabilities over geographically-referenced materials. Geographically-referenced means information objects are associated with one or more regions, often called footprints, on the Earth's surface. The ADL collection contains information that supports basic science, including the Earth and social sciences. The ADL collection offers geospatial search as the primary search mechanism. This collection contains photographs, digital elevation models, digital raster graphics, Landsat and AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) satellite imagery and world maps.

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A reference architecture for digital library systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The building of a European Digital Library requires a cooperative and distributed development model that, as far as possible, promotes the sharing and reuse of current Digital Library products. In order to support this model, an abstract solution to the problem of implementing a Digital Library - in...

Candela, L.; Pagano, P.; Castelli, D.

36

The National Library Service (SBN) towards digital  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the sector of technologies for the Information Society, the General Direction for Library Heritage and Cultural Institutes has promoted two programs: · SBN: The National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale) · BDI: The Italian Digital Library (Biblioteca Digitale Italiana) and another project, which was approved on March 18, 2003: · BDI&NTC: The Italian Digital Library and Cultural Tourist Network

Giuliana Sgambati

2003-01-01

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Access of Digitized Print Originals in US and UK Higher Education Libraries Combined with Print Circulation Indicates Increased Usage of Traditional Forms of Reading Materials. A Review of: Joint, Nicholas. “Is Digitisation the New Circulation?: Borrowing Trends, Digitisation and the nature of reading in US and UK Libraries.” Library Review 57.2 (2008): 87-95.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To discern the statistical accuracy of reports that print circulation is in decline in libraries, particularly higher education libraries in the United States (US)and United Kingdom (UK), and to determine if circulation patterns reflect a changing dynamic in patron reading habits.Design – Comparative statistical analysis.Setting – Library circulation statistics from as early as 1982 to as recent as 2006, culled from various sources with specific references to statistics gathered by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), the Library and Information Statistics Unit (LISU), the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), and the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL).Subjects – Higher education institutions in the United States and United Kingdom, along with public libraries to a lesser extent.Methods – This study consists of an analysis of print circulation statistics in public and higher education libraries in the US and UK, combined with data on multimedia circulation in public libraries and instances of digital access in university libraries. Specifically, NEA statistics provided data on print readership levels in the US from 1982 to 2002; LISU statistics were analyzed for circulation figures and gate counts in UK public libraries; ARL statistics from 1996 to 2006 provided circulation data for large North American research libraries; NCES statistics from 1990 to 2004 contributed data on circulation in “tertiary level” US higher education libraries; and ACRL statistics were analyzed for more circulation numbers for US post-secondary education libraries. The study further includes data on UK trends in print readership and circulation in UK higher education libraries, and trends in US public library circulation of non-print materials.Main Results – Analysis of the data indicates that print circulation is down in US and UK public libraries and in ARL member libraries, while it is up in the non-ARL higher education libraries represented and in UK higher education libraries. However, audio book circulation in US public libraries supplements print circulation to the point where overall circulation of book materials is increasing, and the access of digital literature supplements print circulation in ARL member libraries (although the statistics are difficult to measure and meld with print circulation statistics). Essentially, the circulation of book material is increasing in most institutions when all formats are considered. According to the author, library patrons are reading more than ever; the materials patrons are accessing are traditional in content regardless of the means by which the materials are accessed.Conclusion – The author contends that print circulation is in decline only where digitization efforts are extensive, such as in ARL-member libraries; when digital content is factored into the equation the access of book-type materials is up in most libraries. The author speculates that whether library patrons use print or digital materials, the content of those materials is largely traditional in nature, thereby resulting in the act of “literary” reading remaining a focal point of library usage. Modes of reading and learning have not changed, at least insofar as these things may be inferred from studying circulation statistics. The author asserts that digital access is favorable to patrons and that libraries should attempt to follow the ARL model of engaging in large scale digitization projects in order to provide better service to their patrons; the author goes on to argue that UK institutions with comparable funding to ARLs will have greater success in this endeavour if UK copyright laws are relaxed.

Kurt Blythe

2009-01-01

38

MyLibrary: A Digital Library Framework and Toolkit  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article describes a digital library framework and toolkit called MyLibrary. At its heart, MyLibrary is designed to create relationships between information resources and people. To this end, MyLibrary is made up of essentially four parts: (1) information resources, (2) patrons, (3) librarians, ...

Morgan, Eric Lease

39

Digital Libraries--Methods and Applications  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital library is commonly seen as a type of information retrieval system which stores and accesses digital content remotely via computer networks. However, the vision of digital libraries is not limited to technology or management, but user experience. This book is an attempt to share the practical experiences of solutions to the operation of…

Huang, Kuo Hung, Ed.

2011-01-01

40

Preservation research and sustainable digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The National Science Foundation and DELOS , the European Commission sponsored Network for Digital Libraries, supported a working group to define a research agenda for digital archiving and preservation (DAP-WG) within the context of digital libraries. The report of this group, Invest to Save, has la...

Hedstrom, M.; Ross, S.

 
 
 
 
41

The NSF National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program: New Projects and a Progress Report; Lessons Learned: The Development of Electronic Reserves at the University of Calgary; A Challenging Future Awaits Libraries Able To Change: Highlights of the International Summer School on the Digital Library; DISA: Insights of an African Model for Digital Library Development; Organizing Ready Reference and Administrative Information with the Reference Desk Manager; Sue at the Field Museum.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Topics include: digital library projects in the National Science Foundation's NSDL program; an electronic reserve platform at the University of Calgary; highlights from the sixth International Summer School on the Digital Library; the Digital Imaging Project of South Africa; a database of local information at the Oregon State University library;…

Zia, Lee L.; Pearce, Linda; Prinsen, Jola G. B.; Ticer, B. V.; Peters, Dale; Pickover, Michele; Matylonek, John C.; Ottow, Carolyn; Reese, Terry

2001-01-01

42

Personal Digital Libraries of Email  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, I describe the results of user interviews that reveal problems in current email systems, including role conflict, high cognitive overhead associated with organization and retrieval, inability to navigate conversations and difficulties in addressing messages. I also describe the design of a prototype system with an underlying message store for the email collection. Services layered on top of the message store address many problems described by users through improved support for identity and role management, authority control and query interfaces. Many of the solutions described in this paper to improve management of personal email collections can also be applied to other digital library collections.

Gross, Benjamin M.

43

Pitts Theology Library: Digital Image Archive  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at Emory University, the Pitts Theology Library has a number of digital archives that are worthy of mention. This particular one brings together over 28,000 images of biblical illustrations. The archive also includes engravings of church buildings and religious leaders. Visitors can search the archive by call number or Bible verse, which is a rather helpful way to look for items of interest. Visitors are also encouraged to use these images for use in church publications, research papers, and other educational settings. Also, visitors can use the "Revised Common Lectionary" area to identify commonly used items, like Gospel lessons and Hebrew Bible lessons. The site is rounded out by a "FAQ" area and a link to the Library's main Special Collection site.

44

Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

Rajab Abd al-Hamed

2007-01-01

45

ANALYSIS OF INFORMATIVE SPACE OF SCIENTIFIC ESTABLISHMENTS AND EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS OF APS OF UKRAINE AND THEIR INTEGRATION INTO THE UNIFIED INFORMATIVE SCIENTIFIC SPACE THROUGH THE ELECTRONIC (DIGITAL) LIBRARY ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????????? (???????) ??????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The scientific most essential and priority psihology-pedagogical researches which are being carried out at the scientific establishments of APS of Ukraine are given in the article. Data of information providing of establishments of APS of Ukraine, list of scientific labours and composition of scientific establishments, with the amount of research workers are given. Possible approaches of integration of information space of scientific establishments and educational establishments of APS into the unified informative scientific space of Ukraine and world through the integration to the electronic (digital) libraries are examined.? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ?????????-??????????? ???????????, ??? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????. ?????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ???????, ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????? ??????????? – ?? ???????????? ?? ???????????? ?????????????? ????????? ????????. ????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ??? ? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? (????????) ?????????.

?.?. ????????

2010-01-01

46

Kinematic Models for Design Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Kinematic Models for Design Digital Library (K-MODDL) is a collaborative effort of Cornell University librarians and faculty in Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics to provide open access, multimedia resources for learning and teaching about Kinematics. The website provides an overview of Kinematics, which is "the geometry of pure motion," along with a discussion of its history and contribution to a theory of machines. Funded by the National Science Digital Library of the National Science Foundation (NSF), K-MODDL is intended as "a pedagogical space" for use by teachers and researchers, and learners of all levels. The key feature of K-MODDL is the Reuleaux Collection of Mechanisms and Machines, which includes several interactive photographic animations and descriptions that illustrate kinematic mechanisms. Visitors may browse the models in the collection by category, or search by title words or by keyword (in English or German). Also available are educational tutorials, historical and contemporary texts related to the history and theory of machines and mechanisms, biographical information on important players in the history of machines and the field of kinematics, and finally, stereolithography files for Âprinting working physical replicas.

47

An Overview of Invenio Digital Library Software  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is a free, open source software suite that will enable you to run your own digital library or document repository on the web. The software covers all the stages of digital library management from document ingestion through to classification, indexing, curation and finally, dissemination. Invenio complies with the OAI metadata harvesting protocol and uses MARC21 as its underlying bibliographic format, hence facilitating the sharing of resources between repositories worldwide.

CERN-IT-UDS-CDS; Audiovisual Service

2011-01-01

48

Second CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Rabat, Morroco  

CERN Document Server

2nd CERN-UNESCO training on digital libraries in Africa, held at CNRST / IMIST, Rabat. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories

Jérôme Caffaro

2010-01-01

49

Third CERN-UNESCO School on Digital Libraries, Dakar, Senegal  

CERN Multimedia

3rd CERN-UNESCO workshop on digital libraries in Africa, held at Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar. - Establish the scientific presence of African Universities on the Internet, - Provide scientific and educational content, - Extend contacts to other fields of science and further partners. Provide training in setting up and operating institutional e-repositories.

Nikolaos Kasioumis

2011-01-01

50

Digital Objects in the Design of Digital Libraries: How Can They Support Education? Say?sal Kütüphanelerin Tasar?m?nda Say?sal Nesneler: E?itimi Nas?l Destekleyebilirler?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The introduction of "reusable learning objects" is a very important development in using object-oriented approaches for on-line education. Similarly, the use of object-oriented approaches to develop "digital objects" is beginning to impact digital libraries. The purpose of this study is to examine the common issues of both developments in the context of reusable learning objects and to demonstrate the importance of digital libraries in online education. "Tekrar kullan?labilen ö?renme nesneleri" çevrimiçi e?itim dünyas?nda nesne tabanl? yakla??mlar?n kullan?lmas? aç?s?ndan önemli bir geli?medir. Ayn? ?ekilde, say?sal kütüphane çal??malar? da "say?sal nesneler" olarak adland?r?lan nesne tabanl? yakla??mlardan etkilenmektedir. Bu çal??man?n temel amac? tekrar kullan?labilen ö?renme nesneleri çerçevesinde her iki alandaki geli?melerin kesi?ti?i noktay? incelemek ve bu geli?meler ?????nda say?sal kütüphanelerin çevrimiçi e?itim aç?s?ndan önemini irdelemektir.

Nergiz Ercil Ça??ltay; Kür?at Ça??ltay

2002-01-01

51

Application of Cloud Technology in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Libraries may soon be building and managing their own data centers. This model would letlibraries maintain more control over the applications and data stores that containsensitive, private information about patrons. Provisioning and maintenance of infrastructure forWeb based digital library present several challenges. In this paper we discuss problems facedwith digital library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Infrastructure virtualizationand cloud computing are particularly attractive choices which is challenged by both growth inthe size of the indexed document collection, new features and most prominently usage. With thepurpose of applying Cloud Computing to university library, the paper describes the currentstatus of user service models in university libraries. Then it proposed to improve current userservice model with Cloud Computing. This paper explores some of the security issuessurrounding data location, mobility and availability.

D Kishore Kumar; Yssr Murthy; D Ramakrishna; Akurati Venkat Rohit

2012-01-01

52

Personal Data in a Large Digital Library  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The RePEc Economics library offers the largest distributed source of freely downloadable scientific research reportsin the world. RePEc also contains details about Economics institutions, publication outlets and people working in thefield. All this data forms a large relational dataset.In this paper we describe HoPEc, a system that allows to implement access control records for personal data withinRePEc. The bulk of these data describe the authors of documents. These data are maintained by the authors themselves.We discuss the technical and social aspects of this system.This paper is available online at http://openlib.org/home/krichel/phoenix.html.#The work discussed here has received financial support by the Joint Information Systems Committee of the UK Higher Education Funding Councilsthrough its Electronic Library Programme. Markus J.R. Klink is especially grateful for the support and helpful comments of his supervisor StefanKuhlins of Mannheim University. Thomas Krichel thanks the Digital World Research Centre at the University of Surrey for sponsoring his attendanceat ECDL2000. All authors are grateful to an anonymous referee who has made excellent suggestions that helped to improve this paper.1

Jos Manuel; Barrueco Cruz; Markus J. R; Klink Thomas Krichel

53

Personal Data in a Large Digital Library  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The RePEc Economics library offers the largest distributed source of freely downloadable scientific research reports in theworld. RePEc also contains details about Economics institutions, publication outlets and people working in the field. All thisdata forms a large relational dataset.In this paper we describe HoPEc, a system that allows to implement access control records for personal data within RePEc.The bulk of these data describe the authors of documents. These data are maintained by the authors themselves. We discussthe technical and social aspects of this system.This paper is available online at http://openlib.org/home/krichel/phoenix.html.#The work discussed here has received financial support by the Joint Information Systems Committee of the UK Higher Education Funding Councilsthrough its Electronic Library Programme. Markus J.R. Klink is especially grateful for the support and helpful comments of his supervisor Stefan Kuhlinsof Mannheim University. Thomas Krichel thanks the Digital World Research Centre at the University of Surrey for sponsoring his attendance at ECDL2000.All authors are grateful to an anonymous referee who has made excellent suggestions that helped to improve this paper.1

Jos Manuel; Barrueco Cruz; Markus J. R; Klink Thomas Krichel

54

The Humboldt Digital Library: Exploring Innovative Structures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Article in English, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish.Alexander von Humboldt’s maps, graphs and illustrations contain a great deal of detail, but in the available rare editions they are hardly visible to the naked eye. In many editions they have been reduced. In a digital library, they will become accessible in their entirety, and Internet technology will reproduce them in a form that overcomes the limitations of the original printing. The user will be able to enlarge the images and see details that might have been overlooked in the past.The Humboldt’s digital library will adhere to the standards for digital libraries established by the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) and the tools EPRINTS and DSPACE to provide the Web services and determine the most effective way to establish dynamic linking and knowledge based searching of information within the archive.

Detlev Doherr

2005-01-01

55

Key Concepts in the Architecture of the Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A discussion to an important report which defined the main principles for digital libraries architecture , the 8 principles are ; The technical framework exists within a legal and social framework , Understanding of digital library concepts is hampered by terminology, The underlying architecture should be separate from the content stored in the library , Names and identifiers are the basic building block for the digital library , Digital library objects are more than collections of bits , The digital library object that is used is different from the stored object , Repositories must look after the information they hold , Users want intellectual works, not digital objects.

William Arms; Ahmed Abdullah Mostafa - Translator

2004-01-01

56

News from the Library: A one-stop-shop for computing literature: ACM Digital Library  

CERN Multimedia

The Association for Computing Machinery, ACM, is the world’s largest educational and scientific computing society. Among others, the ACM provides the computing field's premier Digital Library and serves its members and the computing profession with leading-edge publications, conferences, and career resources.   ACM Digital Library is available to the CERN community. The most popular journal here at CERN is Communications of the ACM. However, the collection offers access to a series of other valuable important academic journals such as Journal of the ACM and even fulltext of a series of classical books. In addition, users have access to the ACM Guide to Computing Literature, the most comprehensive bibliographic database focusing on computing, integrated with ACM’s full-text articles and including features such as ACM Author Profile Pages - which provides bibliographic and bibliometric data for over 1,000,000 authors in the field. ACM Digital Library is an excellent com...

CERN Library

2011-01-01

57

Are Malaysian Students Ready to Be Authors of Digital Contents? A Case Study of Digital Library Stakeholders’ Readiness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper reports on a study that ascertains the factors facilitating students to utilize digital libraries for educational purposes. The study investigates students ICT readiness, usage of online resources and information seeking behaviour of secondary school students with the specific goal of applying the results to the design of a collaborative digital library for school projects. The digital library has been conceived to support resource needs of these students as well provide the space for them to publish their school projects, which are currently submitted handwritten. The study uses the case study approach and an urban secondary school in Malaysia is chosen as the case school. Findings from a survey and focus group interviews indicate that the students are ready to collaboratively build the digital library resources as evidenced by students digital library readiness score of 31.4/40.

Abrizah Abdullah; A. N. Zainab

2007-01-01

58

The Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents the Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library Project (YMTDL) including discussions of policy issues, project implementation and results. It also discusses how the presence of this project in one graduate school has stimulated thinking about Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD) ...

Greenberg, Charles J.; Belanger, Arthur; Mayman, Gillian

59

Supporting Collocation Learning with a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

|Extensive knowledge of collocations is a key factor that distinguishes learners from fluent native speakers. Such knowledge is difficult to acquire simply because there is so much of it. This paper describes a system that exploits the facilities offered by digital libraries to provide a rich collocation-learning environment. The design is based…

Wu, Shaoqun; Franken, Margaret; Witten, Ian H.

2010-01-01

60

The Digital Library Information Mediator Layer  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital libraries are complex information systems whose main task is providing their users the information they are looking for. Because of the important role DLs play in our information society, the demand for them is augmented during the last years and is destined to grow up in the future. To favo...

Castelli, Donatella; Candela, Leonardo; Simi, Manuele; Pagano, Pasquale

 
 
 
 
61

A Reference Architecture for Digital Library Systems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A reference architecture for a domain provides an architectural template which can be used as a starting point for designing the software architecture of a system in that domain. Despite the popularity of tools and systems commonly termed “Digital Library” very few attempts exists to set the foundat...

Candela, L.; Pagano, P.; Castelli, D.

62

California Digital Library in Twitter-Land  

Science.gov (United States)

In October 2009, California Digital Library (CDL), where the author serves as manager of strategic and project planning, jumped into the world of social networking by joining Twitter. From Twitter, the CDL staff publish the content of their monthly newsletter, "CDLINFO News," and also additional content created by CDL programs and individuals. In…

Starr, Joan

2010-01-01

63

A Global Approach to Digital Library Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes the key advances on digital library evaluation research. The paper provides a comparison of the existing models, the current research questions in this area, an integrated LIS-oriented evaluation framework, and a selection of international projects.

Giuseppina Vullo

2010-01-01

64

Collections Digitization Framework: A Service-oriented Approach to Digitization in Academic Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With advances in information technologies, academic libraries are now in a position to offer collections digitization services beyond campus communities. By mobilizing digitization to off-campus communities, academic libraries can reposition themselves as responsive and relevant in the face of a changing digital services landscape. This will also help academic libraries create unique opportunities to access and share hidden knowledge embedded within local and remote communities with rich intellectual traditions. This article proposes a service-oriented framework for academic libraries to reimagine and mobilize collections digitization as part of broader library services. The proposed Collections Digitization Framework is based on the Service Framework for Digital Libraries developed by the Digital Library Federation, whereby digitization activities have been formalized into discrete processes and functions. The issues and challenges that academic libraries may face in mobilizing digitization services are also discussed in the context of a collaborative community digitization initiative undertaken by two Canadian academic libraries.

Karim Tharani

2012-01-01

65

Purpose and Usability of Digital Libraries  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A preliminary study was conducted to help understand thepurpose of digital libraries (DLs) and to investigate whethermeaningful results could be obtained from small userstudies of digital libraries. Results stress the importance ofmental models, and of "traditional" library support.KEYWORDS: Usability, user models, "lost in hyperspace."INTRODUCTIONCompared to other areas in DL research on structuring andmanagement of collections, on technical concerns and onissues raised by internationalisation, little work is beingdone to understand the purpose and usability of DLs. Thispaper describes a preliminary study conducted with 45subjects to: (i) understand the purpose of DLs and (ii)investigate whether useful results can be obtained from`small' user studies using a prototype usability tool.Three DLs were chosen for this study because they arerepresentative of mature topic-based DLs, and all aresimilar in that they are technical computing collections.. ACMDL, the ACM Di...

Yin Leng Theng; Norliza Mohd-nasir; Harold Thimbleby

66

Building the Digital Branch A Library Technology Report  

CERN Document Server

This issue of Library Technology Reports explores the idea of the digital branch-a library website that is a vital, functional resource for patrons and enhances the library's place within its community.

King, David Lee

2009-01-01

67

Anatomy Atlases: A Digital Library of Anatomy Information  

Science.gov (United States)

This collection of atlases and textbooks is intended to educate patients, healthcare providers, and students in anatomy. Topics include human anatomy, human anatomy in cross-section, microscopic anatomy, anatomy of first aid, human anatomic variation, and osteology. The collection includes both historic and modern atlases, is searchable by keyword or term, and includes a frequently-asked-questions feature. Other materials include user reviews and links to related digital libraries.

68

Harvard-Smithsonian Digital Video Library  

Science.gov (United States)

This extensive collection of digital video materials supporting K-12 STEM education reform has been developed by the Science Media Group, part of the Science Education Department at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. The collection features clinical interviews with students exploring how they develop ideas; demonstrations of physical phenomena; case studies of master teachers at work and of research in both science and education; interviews with experts in STEM research or education; and correlations to state and national curriculum standards.

2004-12-20

69

A Coleção Linhares em meio digital Linhares Collection digital library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O Projeto "Criação da Biblioteca Digital Linhares", elaborado por pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, teve como objetivo conceber e implementar metodologia para preservar e dar acesso à Coleção Linhares, constituída por jornais, revistas e panfletos publicados em Belo Horizonte e colecionados por Joaquim Nabuco Linhares desde 1895, até a sua morte em 1945. Foi adquirida a preço simbólico pela UFMG, em 1976, e depositada na Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. A coleção, considerada de grande importância para a história da imprensa de Belo Horizonte, se encontrava em acelerado processo de deterioração. A biblioteca digital foi construída com base na proposta metodológica do processo híbrido, que preconiza a utilização da microfilmagem para preservar o acervo e a digitalização, via microfilme, para proporcionar o acesso. O projeto foi desenvolvido de forma colaborativa, envolvendo pesquisadores e servidores da Escola de Ciência da Informação, do Departamento de História e da Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. Disponível em: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.brLinhares Digital Library Project, carried out by researchers and technical staff of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG, aimed the development and implementation of a digital library methodology to provide access and preservation for newspapers, magazines and pamphlets published in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collected by Joaquim Linhares, since his early youth in 1895, to his death in 1945. The collection was acquired by UFMG from Linhares' inheritors, at a nominal sum and deposited at the University Library. The importance of the collection for the history of Belo Horizonte's press has been highly emphasized by many scholars in the last decades, but the materials had been seriously affected by paper acidity and human damages. The digital library took the hybrid process format: microfilming of the materials to guarantee the preservation aspect and also, the digitalization from the microfilms to provide access. Available at: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br

Vilma Moreira dos Santos; Silvana Aparecida Silva dos Santos; Luiz Henrique dos Santos

2011-01-01

70

A Coleção Linhares em meio digital/ Linhares Collection digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O Projeto "Criação da Biblioteca Digital Linhares", elaborado por pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, teve como objetivo conceber e implementar metodologia para preservar e dar acesso à Coleção Linhares, constituída por jornais, revistas e panfletos publicados em Belo Horizonte e colecionados por Joaquim Nabuco Linhares desde 1895, até a sua morte em 1945. Foi adquirida a preço simbólico pela UFMG, em 1976, e depositada na Biblioteca Uni (more) versitária da UFMG. A coleção, considerada de grande importância para a história da imprensa de Belo Horizonte, se encontrava em acelerado processo de deterioração. A biblioteca digital foi construída com base na proposta metodológica do processo híbrido, que preconiza a utilização da microfilmagem para preservar o acervo e a digitalização, via microfilme, para proporcionar o acesso. O projeto foi desenvolvido de forma colaborativa, envolvendo pesquisadores e servidores da Escola de Ciência da Informação, do Departamento de História e da Biblioteca Universitária da UFMG. Disponível em: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br Abstract in english Linhares Digital Library Project, carried out by researchers and technical staff of Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG, aimed the development and implementation of a digital library methodology to provide access and preservation for newspapers, magazines and pamphlets published in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, collected by Joaquim Linhares, since his early youth in 1895, to his death in 1945. The collection was acquired by UFMG from Linhares' inheritors, at (more) a nominal sum and deposited at the University Library. The importance of the collection for the history of Belo Horizonte's press has been highly emphasized by many scholars in the last decades, but the materials had been seriously affected by paper acidity and human damages. The digital library took the hybrid process format: microfilming of the materials to guarantee the preservation aspect and also, the digitalization from the microfilms to provide access. Available at: http://linhares.eci.ufmg.br

Santos, Vilma Moreira dos; Santos, Silvana Aparecida Silva dos; Santos, Luiz Henrique dos

2011-12-01

71

Exploring the Digital Library A Guide for Online Teaching and Learning  

CERN Document Server

Exploring the Digital Library, a volume in The Jossey-Bass Online Teaching and Learning series, addresses the key issue of library services for faculty and their students in the online learning environment. Written by librarians at Athabasca University, a leading institution in distance education, this book shows how faculty can effectively use digital libraries in their day-to-day work and in the design of electronic courses. Exploring the Digital Library is filled with information, ideas, andDiscusses how information and communication technologies are transforming scholarship communicationPr

Johnson, Kay

2005-01-01

72

Managing an Open Access, Multi-Institutional, International Digital Library: The Digital Library of the Caribbean  

Science.gov (United States)

Developing an Open Access, multi-institutional, multilingual, international digital library requires robust technological and institutional infrastructures that support both the needs of individual institutions alongside the needs of the growing partnership and ensure continuous communication and development of the shared vision for the digital

Wooldridge, Brooke; Taylor, Laurie; Sullivan, Mark

2009-01-01

73

A model of multilingual digital library/ A model of multilingual digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho aborda o problema de bibliotecas digitais multilíngües. A motiviação para tal biblioteca digital decorre da diversidade de línguas dos usuários da Internet, bem como da diversidade dos autores do conteúdo, de autores de livros eletrônicos para elaboradores de cursos. São discutidas as definições básicas de tal sistema, as especificações de sua funcionalidade e a identificação dos itens que ele comporta. Apresenta-se o impacto do multilingüis (more) mo em cada um dos aspectos anteriores. Um estudo de caso de uma biblioteca digital multilíngüe -- no Sistema Maxwell, na PUC-Rio -- é descrito nas últimas seções. Suas principais características são descritas e é mostrado o status atual de sua biblioteca digital. Abstract in english This paper addresses the problem of multilingual digital libraries. The motivation for a such a digital library comes from the diversity of languages of the Internet users as well as the diversity of content authors, from e-book authors to writers of courseware. The basic definitions of such a system, the specifications of its functionality and the identification of the items it holds are discussed. The impact of multilinguism in each of the former aspects is presented. A (more) case study of a multilingual digital library - in the Maxwell System in PUC-Rio - is described in the last sections. Its main characteristics are described and the current status of its digital library is shown.

Pavani, Ana M. B.

2001-12-01

74

A Digital Library of Radiology Images  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A web-based virtual library of peer-reviewed radiological images was created for use in education and clinical decision support. Images were obtained from open-access content of five online radiology journals and one e-learning web site. Figure captions were indexed by Medical Subject Heading (MeSH)...

Kahn, Charles E.

75

Agora: Enhancing Group Awareness and Collaboration in Floristic Digital Libraries  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

.Digital libraries can be regarded as virtual spaces in which collaborative scholarly researchcan be conducted. Floristic digital libraries provide such collaboration spaces for scientistsworking on solutions for Earth's biodiversity problems. However, group awareness andcollaboration are not easily achieved in an increasingly distributed environment such as thevirtual space in which digital library users (particularly botanists and biologists) do theirwork. We describe an environment that enables group awareness, communication, andcollaboration among users in a globally accessible floristic digital library. This is achieved byextending existing library facilities with recommendation and alerting services, as well asvarious communication interfaces.Keywords: Recommendation services, group awareness, agents, floristic digital libraries.1. IntroductionDigital libraries comprise highly complex and dynamic information spaces on top of which avariety of services are provide...

J. Alfredo Sánchez; John L. Schnase

76

BIBLIOTECA DIGITAL: CONTENIDOS Y APRENDIZAJE/ Digital library: contents and learning  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se hace referencia a la importancia de los contenidos en la biblioteca digital y propone algunos lineamientos como punto trascendente para la satisfacción de necesidades de los usuarios de servicios digitales de información. Así mismo, se brindan algunos parámetros para el desarrollo de contenidos didácticos y materiales de aprendizaje, y se proponen algunos elementos necesarios de considerar por los encargados del diseño de contenidos y recursos de bibliotecas digi (more) tales, con fines didácticos. Por tanto, ubica a las bibliotecas digitales en un entorno de aprendizaje y pondera el aprendizaje significativo sobre otros, con énfasis en el acervo, para que los usuarios obtengan un nuevo conocimiento. No se pretende manejar de forma exhaustiva o definir conceptos, sino establecer la relación entre ellos. Abstract in english This work treats the importance of the contents of the digital library and proposes some guidelines as a starting point toward user satisfaction in digital information services. At the same time, this article, with didactic goals in minds, offers some parameters for the development of didactic contents and learning materials. It follows that digital libraries belong in the learning environment, with emphasis on learning and content, so that users learn something new. No p (more) retence is made to deal with this issue in an exhaustive manner or to define concepts, but to establish a relationship between the two.

Cabral Vargas, Brenda

2006-07-01

77

The Profiles in Science Digital Library: Behind the Scenes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This demonstration shows the Profiles in Science® digital library. Profiles in Science contains digitized selections from the personal manuscript collections of prominent biomedical researchers, medical practitioners, and those fostering science and health. The Profiles in Science Web site is the delivery mechanism for content derived from the digital library system. The system is designed according to our basic principles for digital library development [1]. The digital library includes the rules and software used for digitizing items, creating and editing database records and performing quality control as well as serving the digital content to the public. Among the types of data managed by the digital library are detailed item-level, collection-level and cross-collection metadata, digitized photographs, papers, audio clips, movies, born-digital electronic files, optical character recognized (OCR) text, and annotations (see Figure 1). The digital library also tracks the status of each item, including digitization quality, sensitivity of content, and copyright. Only items satisfying all required criteria are released to the public through the World Wide Web. External factors have influenced all aspects of the digital library's infrastructure.

Gallagher ME; Moffatt C

2012-01-01

78

Using knowledge management practices to develop a state-of-the-art digital library.  

Science.gov (United States)

Diffusing knowledge management practices within an organization encourages and facilitates reuse of the institution's knowledge commodity. Following knowledge management practices, the Eskind Biomedical Library (EBL) has created a Digital Library that uses a holistic approach for integration of information and skills to best represent both explicit and tacit knowledge inherent in libraries. EBL's Digital Library exemplifies a clear attempt to organize institutional knowledge in the field of librarianship, in an effort to positively impact clinical, research, and educational processes in the medical center. PMID:15360783

Williams, Annette M; Giuse, Nunzia Bettinsoli; Koonce, Taneya Y; Kou, Qinghua; Giuse, Dario A

2004-01-01

79

Interest-based Recommendation in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the huge amount and large variety of information available in a digital library, it?s becoming harder and harder for users to identify and get hold of their interested documents. To alleviate the difficulty, personalized recommendation techniques have been developed. Current recommendation techniques rely on similarity between documents. In our work, recommendations are made based on three factors: similarity between documents, information amount, and information novelty. With the introduction of degree of interest, users? interests can be better characterized. Theoretical analysis and experimental evaluations demonstrate that our techniques can improve both the recommendation recall and recommendation precision.

Yan Yang; Jian Z. Li

2005-01-01

80

ChemXSeer Digital Library Gaussian Search  

CERN Document Server

We report on the Gaussian file search system designed as part of the ChemXSeer digital library. Gaussian files are produced by the Gaussian software [4], a software package used for calculating molecular electronic structure and properties. The output files are semi-structured, allowing relatively easy access to the Gaussian attributes and metadata. Our system is currently capable of searching Gaussian documents using a boolean combination of atoms (chemical elements) and attributes. We have also implemented a faceted browsing feature on three important Gaussian attribute types - Basis Set, Job Type and Method Used. The faceted browsing feature enables a user to view and process a smaller, filtered subset of documents.

Lahiri, Shibamouli; Nangia, Shikha; Mitra, Prasenjit; Giles, C Lee; Mueller, Karl T

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

The Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues is a web-based collection of annotated references to resources that offer a broad, balanced perspective on current and historical topics relating to nuclear issues. Beginning with the Manhattan Project, the massive scientific/technological effort that produced the first atomic bombs, nuclear issues have had a profound effect on every aspect of society. These issues have influenced the evolution of science and technology, domestic politics and international relations, as well as the arts and humanities.

Settle, Frank

2003-10-10

82

Digital Library Architecture: Service patterns for large-scale digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital libraries have to deal with both, a tremendous growth in size as well as in functionality. To handle this growth, systems need to be pushed towards more openness, decomposition and entry-points for services on various levels. This paper establishes patterns for service decomposition, collate...

Aschenbrenner, Andreas; Dreyer, Malte

83

Development of Higher Education in Albania: The Case of the Public University Libraries in Efforts to Build Digital and Electronic Services for the Academic Community  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Between the obligation of carrying out their mission to ensure the quality development of higher education and the right to function as important centers where knowledge is taken, developed and transmitted, this paper will examine the technological developments of university libraries as an importa...

Erena Haska

84

Biblioteca digital: a experiência do Impa/ Digital library: Impa's experience  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Relato da experiência do Impa na informatização de sua biblioteca, utilizando o software Horizon, e na construção de um servidor de preprints (dissertações de mestrado, teses de doutorado e artigos ainda não publicados) através da participação no projeto internacional Math-Net. Abstract in english Report on Impa's experience in its Digital Library Project, using the software Horizon, and in the construction of a Preprint Server (Dissertations, Thesis and non-published articles) through a cooperation with the international Math-Net project.

Chataignier, Maria Cecilia Pragana; Silva, Margareth Prevot da

2001-12-01

85

Biblioteca digital de peças teatrais/ Digital library of theater plays  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais - BDTeatro é um projeto para preservação, formatação, armazenamento e disseminação de Peças Teatrais. Este projeto foi desenvolvido pela Faculdade de Computação, Faculdade de Artes, Filosofia e Ciências Sociais e Biblioteca Central da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia - UFU. A Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) forneceu parte do suporte financeiro para o PROJETO. BDTeatro foi proposto par (more) a resolver os problemas de preservação e disseminação de uma coleção com aproximadamente 800 peças teatrais em papel. Esta coleção apresenta sinais de deterioração e sua digitalização foi a motivação deste projeto. Adicionalmente, a ausência de um catálogo on-line e de um processo automatizado para pesquisa de informações na coleção também motivou o projeto. Este artigo descreve o desenvolvimento da Biblioteca Digital de Peças Teatrais, onde foi usada uma perspectiva interdisciplinar de trabalho, garantindo desta maneira, padrões de qualidade no processo de construção do catálogo, na entrada dos dados e nos mecanismos de pesquisa de informações na coleção. Abstract in english Digital Library of Theater Plays - BDTeatro is a project for preservation, formatting, storage, and dissemination of theater plays. This project was developed by the School of Computation, School of Philosophy, Arts, and Social Science, and Central Library of Federal University of Uberlândia(UFU). The Foundation to Research Support of the Minas Gerais State (FAPEMIG ) provided partial financial support for the project. BDTeatro was proposed to deal with problems of prese (more) rvation and dissemination of a collection with approximately eight hundred paper-based theater plays. This collection presents signs of deterioration and its digitalization has motivated this project. Besides, the absence of an on-line catalogue and an automated process to search information in the collection has also motivated the project. This paper describes the development of the Digital Library of Theater Plays where an interdisciplinary perspective of work was used, assuring this way standards of quality in the process of building up the catalog, in text data entrance and in mechanisms of searching by information in the collection.

Silva, Angela Maria; Silva, Ilmério Reis; Arantes, Luiz Humberto Martins

2004-08-01

86

Metadata In, Library Out. A Simple, Robust Digital Library System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tired of being held hostage to expensive systems that did not meet our needs, the University of Alabama Libraries developed an XML schema-agnostic, light-weight digital library delivery system based on the principles of "Keep It Simple, Stupid!" Metadata and derivatives reside in openly accessible web directories, which support the development of web agents and new usability software, as well as modification and complete retrieval at any time. The file name structure is echoed in the file system structure, enabling the delivery software to make inferences about relationships, sequencing, and complex object structure without having to encapsulate files in complex metadata schemas. The web delivery system, Acumen, is built of PHP, JSON, JavaScript and HTML5, using MySQL to support fielded searching. Recognizing that spreadsheets are more user-friendly than XML, an accompanying widget, Archivists Utility, transforms spreadsheets into MODS based on rules selected by the user. Acumen, Archivists Utility, and all supporting software scripts will be made available as open source.

Tonio Loewald; Jody DeRidder

2010-01-01

87

CILEA Digital Library: stato dell'arte CILEA Digital Library: State of the art  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La crescente diffusione delle tecnologie web e informatiche unite alla sempre maggiore disponibilità degli editori a favorire la diffusione di materiale in formato elettronico hanno creato nuove esigenze nel mondo accademico e della ricerca scientifica. Per dare un contributo alla realizzazione di una biblioteca digitale per la comunità scientifica nazionale, CILEA ha avviato, nel 1998, il progetto della CDL  CILEA Digital Library. Scopo del servizio è permettere l’acquisizione, l’accesso e la conservazione di documenti digitali (riviste, monografie e banche dati). L’articolo descrive lo stato dell’arte della CDL dopo oltre un decennio di attività e le nuove iniziative che intendono arricchire ulteriormente l’offerta agli utenti del servizio.The increasing popularity of web technologies combined with the increasing availability of editors to promote the dissemination of material in electronic form have created new needs in the academic and scientific world. To contribute to the creation of a digital library for the scientific community, CILEA began in 1998, the project of the CDL CILEA Digital Library.The purpose of the service is to enable the acquisition, access and preservation of digital documents (journals, monographs, and databases). The article describes the state of the CDL and the new initiatives.

Eleonora Rodi

2011-01-01

88

Networking for Digital Preservation Current Practice in 15 National Libraries  

CERN Document Server

Libraries all over the world have to deal with fast growing numbers of digital materials that need to be safeguarded. Publications in digital form, online or on CD, digitised images, and born-digital objects need to be preserved and kept accessible. Safeguarding digital heritage is a major issue, especially for national libraries, because of their legal task of preserving the national heritage of a country. Does day-to-day practice in storing and accessing digital objects illustrate a mutual need for certain standards? Are there currently any standards for the development and building of digit

Verheul, Ingeborg

2008-01-01

89

Digital Storytelling in Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|Digital storytelling is a promising instructional strategy as well as an emerging field of study in higher education. Courses on digital storytelling are offered in communications and creative writing programs at a number of universities. However, the potential for digital storytelling extends far beyond the fields of communication and media…

McLellan, Hilary

2007-01-01

90

Search Engine in a Class of Academic Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper discusses some aspects of an ongoing project aimed at the development of a methodology and proper software tools for building and usage of academic digital libraries. A particular functional model of academic digital library has been proposed and analyzed. The emphasis falls on some soluti...

Nisheva-Pavlova, Maria; Pavlov, Pavel

91

Proceedings of the First Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In today’s information society the demand for Digital Libraries is changing. The implementation of nowadays Digital Libraries is more demanding than in the past. Information consumers are facing with the need to have access to an ever growing and heterogeneous information space while information pro...

92

DL.org - The Digital Library Reference Model  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This document represents the first release of the Digital Library Reference Model produced by the DL.org project. It has been produced by using the DELOS Digital Library Reference Model released by the DELOS Network of Excellence as firm starting point. This release maintains, consolidates and enhan...

Athanasopoulos G.; Candela L.; Castelli D.; Innocenti P.; Ioannidis Y.; Katifori A.; Nika A.; Vullo G.; Ross S.

93

Mathematics Education with Digital Technology  

CERN Multimedia

Mathematics Education with Digital Technology examines ways in which widely available digital technologies can be used to benefit the teaching and learning of mathematics. The contributors offer their insights to locate the value of digital technology for mathematics learning within the context of evidence from documented practice, prior research and of educational policy making. Key pedagogical uses of digital technologies are evaluated in relation to effective mathematics learning and practical ideas for teaching and learning mathematics with digital technology are critically analysed. The v

Oldknow, Adrian

2011-01-01

94

Art Education Technology: Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|The application of digital storytelling to art education is an interdisciplinary, inquiry-based, hands-on project that integrates the arts, education, local communities, technology, and storytelling. Through digital storytelling, students develop and apply multiliteracy skills, aesthetic sensitivities, and critical faculties to address greater…

Chung, Sheng Kuan

2007-01-01

95

Collaborative Real-time Digital Reference Services in Academic Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The real-time digital reference service is valued by most academic librarians in United States. To make the collaborative real-time digital reference service viable in academic library service, the libraries need to understand the information seeking behavior of potential users and to train the staff well. The participating libraries also need to coordinate the following issues in advance: quality control, question routing, network standards, cultural and political sensitivities, communication, copyright, and marketing. [Article content in Chinese

Shiao-Feng Su

2004-01-01

96

SEARCH ENGINE TECHNOLOGY: DIGITAL LIBRARY PERSPECTIVE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper introduces the navigation of digital libraries .and reviews most prominent problems confronting retrieval engine like multiple content sources, distributed documents problem. multiple language problem, inaccurate queries problem and availability of classification schemes problem etc it traces various solutions in terms of technologies developed for search engine retrieval like Mew data extraction by various methods viz automatic extraction of words, structural analysis, normalization of existing Meta data, using external reference data and citation analysis etc. It explores equal ranking elaborating test runs with representative queries etc besides dealing with proper treatment of queries which covers orthographic, morphological and vocabulary variation . Discussion on data aggregation resorting to distributed documents is given along with a glimpse of future direction.

S M Shafi

2006-01-01

97

Architecture and implementation of the biodiversity digital library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Biodiversity research needs a digital library on multi-source data. Biodiversity digital library,based on the virtual community, has similar features as digital libraries in data types, storage requirement and sharing methods. On the other hand, it has distinct features in terms of data mining and application. Based on an investigation of related digital library projects and cooperation with the Biodiversity Heritage Library and Internet Archive, we summarize the types of literature data in some kinds of digital libraries and briefly introduce Dublin Core and TaxonX standards which will be applied in the construction of the biodiversity digital library. Then, the present architecture of the biodiversity digital library, composed of data aggregation models and data processes, conversion and translation models and service models, is proposed in order to integrate multi-source data, construct the virtual community and provide specific data service to external web sites. Part of the implemented information system is demonstrated, and then some problems like copyright, OCR (optical character recognition) and the extension of massive data sets are discussed.

Zheping Xu; Jinzhong Cui; Fenghong Liu; Zhaogai Wang; Qiaoling Li

2010-01-01

98

Plagiarism-detection framework for digital libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

In digital libraries, documents are in digital forms and they are especially vulnerable from being copied. Existing copy detection methods exhaustively compare every single sentence of two documents and identify the degree of overlapping of the two documents. This approach is not scalable as the number of sentences for each document is often plentiful. In this paper, we propose a copy detection mechanism which could eliminate unnecessary comparisons. This is achieved by pre-parsing the documents to quantify their semantic meanings; comparisons between documents describing different topics could be eliminated s it will not serve any purpose to copy from a document describing an unrelated topic. This process is recursively applied to sections, subsections, subsubsections, etc. until we find two paragraphs which are highly related semantically. The paragraphs are then compared in detail, i.e., per-sentence basis, to determine if the paragraphs are overlapped in a substantive way. The parsing process is based on document retrieval techniques with some helpful heuristics that extract keywords from the documents to index the semantics for each document, section, subsection, and so forth. Weights based on relative occurrences of the keywords are assigned to individual keywords to form a keyword vector. The semantic relationships between different documents, sections, subsections, or paragraphs can be represented by the dot product of their corresponding keyword vectors as in document retrieval systems.

Si, Antonio; Lau, Rynson W.; Leong, Hong V.

1996-09-01

99

Shaping the library of the future: Digital library developments at Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Research Library  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper offers an overview of current efforts at the Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory, (LANL), to develop digital library services. Current projects of LANL`s Library without Walls initiative are described. Although the architecture of digital libraries generally is experimental and subject to debate, one principle of LANL`s approach to delivering library information is the use of Mosaic as a client for the Research Library`s resources. Several projects under development have significant ramifications for delivering library services over the Internet. Specific efforts via Mosaic include support for preprint databases, providing access to citation databases, and access to a digital image database of unclassified Los Alamos technical reports.

Luce, R.E.

1994-10-01

100

Significance of Web 2.0 in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The rapid development of Information and Communication Technologies has provided a well sophisticated environment to develop the digital libraries. A digital library is a large-scale, organized collection of complex and dynamic multimedia information and knowledge, and tools and methods to enable search, manipulation and presentation of this information and knowledge via Internet. User-Centered approach for the digital libraries would increase its usage [1]. Web 2.0 technologies provide better user-centered services with rich user experience for Web applications. Hence this paper deals with the significance of Web 2.0 in building of digital libraries and presents the architecture of Web 2.0 enabled user interface system for DSpace digital repository.

Hanumat G. Sastry,; Prof. Lokanatha C. Reddy

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Talking in the Library: Implications for the design of Digital Libraries  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper describes the use of ethnomethodologically-informed ethnography as a means of informing the requirements elicitation, design, development and evaluation of digital libraries. We present the case for the contribution of such studies to the development of digital library technology to support the practices of information-searching. We illustrate this by a particular study of the help desk at a university library, examining the implications it has for designing appropriate functionality for a digital library. This requires us to address the problems of using ethnographic data in systems design.

Ni Versity; Andy Crabtree; Michael B Twidale; David M Nichols

102

The Design and Implementation of Parallel Digital Library Management System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As the number of documents in digital library grows, it becomes increasingly difficult to store, manage the large amount of documents and finding requested relevant documents by users. Parallel Digital Library management System (PDLS) is used for this purpose. PDLS is a general tool for building and managing digital libraries of all kinds of documents to meet user needs. It implements system management and query processing in parallel. The functions of PDLS include data collection, format standardization, information extraction, automatic classification, data loading, data maintenance, query processing, external data entering, personalized recommendation etc. This study introduces the design and implementation of PDLS.

Yang Yan; Li Jianzhong; Kan Zhongliang

2005-01-01

103

Using Query Mediators for Distributed Searching in Federated Digital Libraries  

CERN Multimedia

We describe an architecture and investigate the characteristics of distributed searching in federated digital libraries. We introduce the notion of a query mediator as a digital library service responsible for selecting among available search engines, routing queries to those search engines, and aggregating results. We examine operational data from the NCSTRL distributed digital library that reveals a number of characteristics of distributed resource discovery. These include availability and response time of indexers and the distinction between the query mediator view of these characteristics and the indexer view.

Dushay, N; Lagoze, C; Dushay, Naomi; French, James C.; Lagoze, Carl

1999-01-01

104

Danish youth education en route to digital literacy  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Denmark invests massivly in education and we pride ourselves on having a worldclass IT infrastructure. But at the same time our educational system and the libraries fail to examine the connection between information supply, learning and the new digital reality. A new strategy could be the first step in the right direction.

Kaarsted, Thomas; Andersen, Knud Holch

2013-01-01

105

LIBER's Involvement in Supporting Digital Preservation in Member Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital curation and preservation represent new challenges for universities. LIBER has invested considerable effort to engage with the new agendas of digital preservation and digital curation. Through two successful phases of the LIFE project, LIBER is breaking new ground in identifying innovative models for costing digital curation and preservation. Through LIFE’s input into the US-UK Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access, LIBER is aligned with major international work in the economics of digital preservation. In its emerging new strategy and structures, LIBER will continue to make substantial contributions in this area, mindful of the needs of European research libraries.

Paul Ayris

2008-01-01

106

Cleveland Digital Library: Virtual Cleveland History  

Science.gov (United States)

Produced and maintained by the Special Collections staff of the Cleveland State University Library, the Virtual Cleveland History Web site is a fantastic omnibus of well-organized links to online historical resources about the greater Cleveland area. Within the site, the links are organized into four broad categories: date, format, location, and subject. The subject categories include real estate, architecture and design, and transportation. From each subject, users can click on these links that will take them to a variety of primary and secondary source materials. The format category will be helpful to researchers and scholars, as it divides the featured online materials into subcategories such as articles, books, maps, and multimedia. The second part of the site consists of a set of tools and links, which are provided to assist users with finding historical information (digital or otherwise) using search engines, bibliographies, and electronic card catalogs. All in all, an impressive collection that will fascinate persons with a passion for the local history of the region.

1997-01-01

107

Integrating the digital library puzzle: The library without walls at Los Alamos  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Current efforts at the Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), to develop digital library services are described. A key principle of LANL`s approach to delivering library information is the integration of products into a common interface and the use of the Web as the medium of service provision. Products described include science databases such as the SciSearch at LANL and electronic journals. Project developments described have significant ramifications for delivering library services over the Internet.

Luce, R.E.

1998-12-01

108

The Prepared Practitioner: The National Science Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Science Digital Library (NSDL)--a National Science Foundation-funded funded website--features tons of cool stuff for science teachers. On this site, users can find online teaching resources related to science, technology, engineering, and mathe

Colburn, Alan

2010-04-01

109

Modeling a National Collaborative Digital Library for Malaysian Secondary Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper describes the conceptualisation of a model for a collaborative digital library specially tailored for Malaysian secondary schools, which will support classroom teaching and learning. The move towards collaboratively building the contents of a digital library is a fairly recent trend and it simulates an environment where partners are empowered to participate in building and up keeping the knowledge contents of the system. The conceptualisation of a Malaysian digital library is in line with the governments efforts in establishing SMART schools. However, various issues such as identifying local resources, ascertaining the needs of it users, and establishing a framework to meet these needs, must be addressed before the digital library can be fully implemented. It may be approached through the establishment of test beds in a particular learning institution, before nationwide implementation.

N.N. Edzan; Abrizah Abdullah

2004-01-01

110

Touch-Optimised Mobile Interface for Invenio Digital Library  

CERN Multimedia

Invenio is free software platform for digital libraries and document repositories on the web. Invenio was originally developed at CERN to power its scientific document server containing about 1 million of articles, books, photos, videos, and more.\

Tapparel, Yannick

111

U.S. EPA Library Collections Digitization Process Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the process that National Service Center for Environmental Publications (NSCEP) uses to digitize the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Library document collection. It is posted on the website to offer insight into the standards a...

2007-01-01

112

The Digital Fish Library: using MRI to digitize, database, and document the morphological diversity of fish.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Museum fish collections possess a wealth of anatomical and morphological data that are essential for documenting and understanding biodiversity. Obtaining access to specimens for research, however, is not always practical and frequently conflicts with the need to maintain the physical integrity of specimens and the collection as a whole. Non-invasive three-dimensional (3D) digital imaging therefore serves a critical role in facilitating the digitization of these specimens for anatomical and morphological analysis as well as facilitating an efficient method for online storage and sharing of this imaging data. Here we describe the development of the Digital Fish Library (DFL, http://www.digitalfishlibrary.org), an online digital archive of high-resolution, high-contrast, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the soft tissue anatomy of an array of fishes preserved in the Marine Vertebrate Collection of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. We have imaged and uploaded MRI data for over 300 marine and freshwater species, developed a data archival and retrieval system with a web-based image analysis and visualization tool, and integrated these into the public DFL website to disseminate data and associated metadata freely over the web. We show that MRI is a rapid and powerful method for accurately depicting the in-situ soft-tissue anatomy of preserved fishes in sufficient detail for large-scale comparative digital morphology. However these 3D volumetric data require a sophisticated computational and archival infrastructure in order to be broadly accessible to researchers and educators.

Berquist RM; Gledhill KM; Peterson MW; Doan AH; Baxter GT; Yopak KE; Kang N; Walker HJ; Hastings PA; Frank LR

2012-01-01

113

Cloud as Infrastructure at the Texas Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this paper, we describe our recent work in using cloud computing to provision digital library services. We consider our original and current motivations, technical details of our implementation, the path we took, and our future work and lessons learned. We also compare our work with other digital...

Nuernberg, Peter; Texas Digital Library; Leggett, John; Texas A&M University; McFarland, Mark; University of Texas at Austin

114

The Alexandria Digital Library Project Review, Assessment, and Prospects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) was established in the late 1990s as a response to several perceived problems of traditional map libraries, notably access and organization. By 1999 it had evolved into an operational digital library, offering a well-defined set of services to a broad user community, based on an extensive collection of georeferenced information objects. The vision of ADL continues to evolve, as technology makes new services possible, as its users become more sophisticated and demanding, and as the broader field of geographic information science (GlScience) identifies new avenues for research and application.

Michael F Goodchild

2005-01-01

115

Digital libraries and the semantic web context, applications and research  

CERN Document Server

This e-book presents a collection of papers aimed at exploring some of the potential, opportunities and challenges to be found in greater LIS alignment with Semantic Web developments. For many digital libraries or cultural institutions, the Semantic Web offers an opportunity to better expose valuable digital resources pertaining to research, culture or history, using common standards and technologies in a collaborative and 'joined up' way. Semantic Web technologies are capable of enhancing digital libraries or repositories by facilitating improved navigation and retrieval within heterogeneous

Macgregor, George

2008-01-01

116

News from the Library: Advancing light - SPIE Digital Library accessible to CERN till 31 March 2012  

CERN Multimedia

SPIE (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers) is a not-for-profit international society which publishes one of the largest collections of applied optics and photonics research papers in the world: the SPIE Digital Library.   This resource includes more than 300,000 technical papers from SPIE journals, e-books and conference proceedings from 1990 to the present. The SPIE Digital Library covers many areas of interest for CERN users, such as astronomy, nanotechnology, sensors, lasers, electro-optics and imaging. The CERN Library has trial access to the complete resource till 31 March 2012, don't hesitate to give it a try! Access to the SPIE Digital Library here. We welcome any comment or question at library.desk@cern.ch.

CERN Library

2012-01-01

117

Library and information science education in Slovenia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article describes the development of library and information science education in Slovenia and the present state of post-graduate programmes. It contains a detailed analysis of course units and their contents. The author proves that Slovene university education of library and information science specialists needs more full-time teachers with appropriate education, it is necessary to invest in their further training, to enlarge premises and enhance equipment. The programme ought to have more electives and should develop international cooperation.As a whole, Slovene library science education is equivalent to the corresponding programmes abroad.

Irena Marinko

1998-01-01

118

Negotiating the Digital Library: Document Delivery.  

Science.gov (United States)

The eLib-funded FIDDO (Focused Investigation of Document Delivery Options) project provides library managers/others with information to support policy decisions. Senior libraries were interviewed about the future of document delivery and interviews were analyzed with the support of NUD*IST (Nonnumerical Unstructured Data by Indexing, Searching and…

Jacobs, Neil; Morris, Anne

1999-01-01

119

Library and Educational Technology Policies in Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the various provisions for the library in the National policy on Education (1981) have been highlighted. The antecedents to these provisions are also shown. Finally, some of the major weaknesses in the provisions for the library are outlined. It was concluded that the provisions for the library in the various sections are indications of government acceptance of the library as an instrument for teaching and learning activities and so two recommendations are made to enhance library services in the country.

Joseph O. Aina

2004-01-01

120

Library school education for medical librarianship.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper reviews the current situation in library school education for medical librarianship in the United States and Canada based on information from a questionnaire sent to teachers of courses in medical librarianship in accredited library schools. Since 1939, when the first course devoted entirely to medical librarianship was offered at Columbia University, courses have been introduced into the curricula of at least forty-seven of the ALA-accredited library schools. In 1978 there were seventy courses available through forty-seven library schools. Possibilities for specialization in medical librarianship are examined. Course content is reviewed. Implications of the MLA certification examination for library school courses are explored.

Roper FW

1979-10-01

 
 
 
 
121

The Development and Challenges of Virtual Library Services in Nigerian Colleges of Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: Information handling has become so dynamic today that the development of virtual libraries seems to be the only way out for our academic institutions worldwide. Unfortunately virtual libraries are almost non-existent in many academic institutions. The paper focuses on the conceptualization of the opportunities, challenges, problems and threats faced in the development of virtual libraries with particular reference to the Nigerian Colleges of Education.Methodology/Approach: The existing system of virtual libraries in Nigeria has been evaluated and has been discussed from different dimensions. Findings: The need for improved virtual library environment is highly related to enlightenment of various societal elements in Nigeria.Keywords: Virtual libraries; Digital libraries; Virtual libraries- Nigeria; Tertiary education-Nigeria; Colleges of Education-Nigeria; Information communication technologyPaper Type: Conceptual

Tony I Obaseki; A A Maidabino; Fibi H Makama

2012-01-01

122

Introducing a Digital Library Reading Appliance Into a Reading Group  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

How will we read digital library materials? This paper describes thereading practices of an on-going reading group, and how thesepractices changed when we introduced XLibris, a digital libraryreading appliance that uses a pen tablet computer to provide apaper-like interface. We interviewed group members about theirreading practices, observed their meetings, and analyzed theirannotations, both when they read a paper document and when theyread using XLibris. We use these data to characterize theiranalytic reading, reference use, and annotation practices. We alsodescribe the use of the Reader's Notebook, a list of clippings thatXLibris computes from a reader's annotations. Implications fordigital libraries stem from our findings on reading and mobility, thecomplexity of analytic reading, the social nature of referencefollowing, and the unselfconscious nature of readers' annotations.KeywordsDigital library, reading appliance, e-book, paper documentmetaphor, active reading...

Catherine C. Marshall; Morgan N. Price; Gene Golovchinsky; Bill N. Schilit

123

An Evaluation of Alberta Education's Library Services.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report presents the findings, analysis, and conclusions of the external evaluation of the effectiveness of Alberta Education Library Services conducted between September 1985 and March 1986 under the guidance of the Library Services Evaluation Steering Committee (Phase 2 of the evaluation and planning process initiated in 1985 to clarify the…

Deloitte Haskins & Sells Associates, Edmonton (Alberta).

124

Education Library Blog @ University of Pretoria  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Presentation on the Education Library Blog @ University of Pretoria during the Library 2.0 Roadshow held during November 2008 at the University of Pretoria. The presentation gives an overview on the steps followed in setting up the Blog, and the purpose, target audience, lay-out and features of the ...

Van Wyk, Johann

125

Library School Education for Medical Librarianship *  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reviews the current situation in library school education for medical librarianship in the United States and Canada based on information from a questionnaire sent to teachers of courses in medical librarianship in accredited library schools. Since 1939, when the first course devoted entir...

Roper, Fred W.

126

Recommending Related Papers Based on Digital Library Access Records  

CERN Document Server

An important goal for digital libraries is to enable researchers to more easily explore related work. While citation data is often used as an indicator of relatedness, in this paper we demonstrate that digital access records (e.g. http-server logs) can be used as indicators as well. In particular, we show that measures based on co-access provide better coverage than co-citation, that they are available much sooner, and that they are more accurate for recent papers.

Pohl, Stefan; Joachims, Thorsten

2007-01-01

127

Relevance of Data Mining in Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Data mining involves significant process ofidentifying the extraction of hidden predictive informationfrom vast array of databases and it is an authoritative newtechnology with potentiality to facilitate the Libraries andInformation Centers to focus on the most importantinformation in their data warehouses. It is a viable tool topredict future trends and behaviors in the field of library andinformation service for deducing proactive, knowledge-drivendecisions. Mechanized, prospective analyses of data miningmove beyond the analyses of past events provided byretrospective tools typical of decision support systems. DataMining, Process of Data Mining, Knowledge Discovery inDatabases, DBMS, Data Mining Techniques etc. etc. havebeen discussed in this paper.

R. N. Mishra; Aishwarya Mishra

2013-01-01

128

Storytelling – EDU: Educational - Digital – Unlimited?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available It is undisputed that storytelling is one of the oldest practices of humankind and has been ever-present in social life. This traditional role of narrating has gained new and unexpected topicality in the last decades in various fields and in many respects. Today, 'digital storytelling' is widely established as an umbrella term. Related phenomena are being discussed in terms of mediation, mediatization, multimodal forms of narration and others. As to educational issues, the situation seems to be rather ambivalent. On the one hand, digital storytelling offers enhancements of learning experiences, chances for meaningful learning and democratization, and also for bridging formal and informal contexts. On the other hand, we can observe a persistent adherence of educational institutions to "writing" as the dominant medium in many countries, thus negating media ecologies and the multimedia environment. Especially regular schools are widely conceptualized as "monomedial provinces" (J. Böhme), thus being justified as "literal countercultures" in which it is imperative to defend literality as the foremost achievement in the process of civilization, whereas otherwise calls for "new literacies" cannot go unnoticed. The contribution reflects on various understandings of 'digital storytelling' and underestimated dimensions in this regard. It aims at pointing out conceptual problems, and it sounds out limitations of the utilization of digital storytelling in educational contexts.

Theo Hug

2012-01-01

129

El mundo matemático digital: el proyecto WDML (World Digital Mathematics Library)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We describe the digitization process of the mathematical literature in the framework of the projects WDML and DML-E.Describimos el proceso de digitalización de la literatura matemática de investigación en el marco del proyecto WDML (World Digital Mathematics Library) y del proyecto español DML-E.

Macías Virgós, Enrique

2007-01-01

130

Desafios na construção de uma biblioteca digital/ Challenges in the construction of a digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Análise dos principais problemas que poderão ocorrer nos diversos aspectos da biblioteca universitária durante e após a implantação da biblioteca digital. Os aspectos estudados são instalações físicas; aquisição, desenvolvimento de coleções e comutação bibliográfica; catalogação, classificação e indexação; referência; preservação e tecnologia. Abstract in english Analysis of the possible major problems to be faced in several university library sectors during and after the implementation of a digital library project. The areas studied are: physical instalations, library acquisition, collection development, interlibrary loan, cataloging, classification, indexing, reference, preservation and technology.

Cunha, Murilo Bastos da

1999-12-01

131

University of Missouri-Columbia Libraries: Digital Library Collections  

Science.gov (United States)

For the past few years, the staff of the Special Collections Division at the University of Missouri at Columbia have been scanning a number of important texts, and creating a rather helpful collection of online materials contained within this site. Many of the texts available here are early accounts of local and regional history, including William Bryan's recollections of the pioneer families of Missouri, and W.F. Switzler's "Switzler's illustrated history of Missouri, from 1541 to 1877." In terms of social and cultural history, two other important documents written by Charles A. Ellwood on the conditions of the county almshouses and the county jails in Missouri (both from 1904) are also here in their entirety. Finally, for researchers hoping to learn more about the exact holdings of the Special Collections at the library, a directory of their holdings composed by Margaret A. Howell in 2001 is also available for general perusal.

2002-01-01

132

Automatically Generating Interfaces for Personalized Interaction with Digital Libraries  

CERN Multimedia

We present an approach to automatically generate interfaces supporting personalized interaction with digital libraries; these interfaces augment the user-DL dialog by empowering the user to (optionally) supply out-of-turn information during an interaction, flatten or restructure the dialog, and enquire about dialog options. Interfaces generated using this approach for CITIDEL are described.

Perugini, S; Ramakrishnan, N; Fox, Edward A.; Perugini, Saverio; Ramakrishnan, Naren

2004-01-01

133

Co-Authorship Networks in the Digital Library Research Community  

CERN Multimedia

The field of digital libraries (DLs) coalesced in 1994: the first digital library conferences were held that year, awareness of the World Wide Web was accelerating, and the National Science Foundation awarded $24 Million (U.S.) for the Digital Library Initiative (DLI). In this paper we examine the state of the DL domain after a decade of activity by applying social network analysis to the co-authorship network of the past ACM, IEEE, and joint ACM/IEEE digital library conferences. We base our analysis on a common binary undirectional network model to represent the co-authorship network, and from it we extract several established network measures. We also introduce a weighted directional network model to represent the co-authorship network, for which we define $AuthorRank$ as an indicator of the impact of an individual author in the network. The results are validated against conference program committee members in the same period. The results show clear advantages of PageRank and AuthorRank over degree, closene...

Liu, X; Nelson, M L; Van de Sompel, Herbert; Liu, Xiaoming; Bollen, Johan; Nelson, Michael L.; Sompel, Herbert Van de

2005-01-01

134

Digital Library Technology for Locating and Accessing Scientific Data  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we describe our efforts to bring scientific data into the digital library. This has required extension of the standard WWW, and also the extension of metadata standards far beyond the Dublin Core. Our system demonstrates this technology for real scientific data from astronomy.

McGrath, R E; Plante, R; Guillaume, D; Grath, Robert E. Mc; Futrelle, Joe; Plante, Ray; Guillaume, Damien

1999-01-01

135

Evaluating User Behavior on Data Collections in a Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We evaluate the usage of a Digital Library with many different collections, by examining its log files, and we concluded that the access points that the users mostly refer to, depend heavily on the type of content of the collection. We also found that most users not only tend to use simple query s...

Sfakakis, Michalis; Kapidakis, Sarantos

136

Digital Libraries, Conceptual Knowledge Systems, and the Nebula Interface  

CERN Document Server

Concept Analysis provides a principled approach to effective management of wide area information systems, such as the Nebula File System and Interface. This not only offers evidence to support the assertion that a digital library is a bounded collection of incommensurate information sources in a logical space, but also sheds light on techniques for collaboration through coordinated access to the shared organization of knowledge.

Kent, Robert E

2011-01-01

137

Digital Mathematics Libraries: The Good, the Bad, the Ugly  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The idea of a World digital mathematics library (DML) has been around since the turn of the 21th century. We feel that it is time to make it a reality, starting in a modest way from successful bricks that have already been built, but with an ambitious goal in mind. After a brief historical overview ...

Bouche, Thierry

138

Imagining the Digital Library in a Commercialized Internet.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Discusses digital library planning in light of Internet commerce and technological innovation in marketing and customer relations that are transforming user expectations about Web sites that offer products and services. Topics include user self-sufficiency; personalized service; artificial intelligence; collaborative filtering; and electronic…

Heckart, Ronald J.

1999-01-01

139

RCLIS : towards a digital library for Information Science  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is described RCLIS, an international project that wants to develop a digital specializing library in biblioteconomía and documentation and that follows the model of open archives which already has been implemented in other disciplines, as the physics or the economy. It is a question of a free ...

Barrueco Cruz, José Manuel; Subirats Coll, Imma

140

CERN Document Server Software: the integrated digital library  

CERN Multimedia

CERN as the international European Organization for Nuclear Research has been involved since its early beginnings with the open dissemination of scientific results. The dissemination started by free paper distribution of preprints by CERN Library and continued electronically via FTP bulletin boards, the World Wide Web to the current OAI-compliant CERN Document Server. CERN Document Server Software (CDSware) is a suite of applications which provides the framework and tools for building and managing an autonomous digital library server. In this paper, we discuss the design philosophy of CDSware and its modular, extensible, architecture. Each module comes as an independent entity embodying a specific aspect of digital library workflow. By means of a flow-chart we present the operational workflow of the system, depicting its module interactions. Hence, some of the key features in the CDSware technology are introduced more in detail, namely metadata representation, acquisition and delivery, indexing and ranking te...

Pepe, Alberto; Gracco, Maja; Le Meur, Jean-Yves; Robinson, Nicholas; Simko, Tibor; Vesely, Martin

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Delivering Digital Data into the Library: The Digimap Project and its Impact on the Map Room– the Bodleian Library Experience  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper will consider the Digimap Project – its introduction into the Bodleian Library, how it has evolved, and how digital data’s arrival in the Library might influence future developments.

Nick Millea

1999-01-01

142

Digital libraries and World Wide Web sites and page persistence.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Web pages and Web sites, some argue, can either be collected as elements of digital or hybrid libraries, or, as others would have it, the WWW is itself a library. We begin with the assumption that Web pages and Web sites can be collected and categorized. The paper explores the proposition that the WWW constitutes a library. We conclude that the Web is not a digital library. However, its component parts can be aggregated and included as parts of digital library collections. These, in turn, can be incorporated into "hybrid libraries." These are libraries with both traditional and digital collections. Material on the Web can be organized and managed. Native documents can be collected in situ, disseminated, distributed, catalogueed, indexed, controlled, in traditional library fashion. The Web therefore is not a library, but material for library collections is selected from the Web. That said, the Web and its component parts are dynamic. Web documents undergo two kinds of change. The first type, the type addressed in this paper, is "persistence" or the existence or disappearance of Web pages and sites, or in a word the lifecycle of Web documents. "Intermittence" is a variant of persistence, and is defined as the disappearance but reappearance of Web documents. At any given time, about five percent of Web pages are intermittent, which is to say they are gone but will return. Over time a Web collection erodes. Based on a 120-week longitudinal study of a sample of Web documents, it appears that the half-life of a Web page is somewhat less than two years and the half-life of a Web site is somewhat more than two years. That is to say, an unweeded Web document collection created two years ago would contain the same number of URLs, but only half of those URLs point to content. The second type of change Web documents experience is change in Web page or Web site content. Again based on the Web document samples, very nearly all Web pages and sites undergo some form of content within the period of a year. Some change content very rapidly while others do so infrequently (Koehler, 1999a). This paper examines how Web documents can be efficiently and effectively incorporated into library collections. This paper focuses on Web document lifecycles: persistence, attrition, and intermittence. While the frequency of content change has been reported (Koehler, 1999a), the degree to which those changes effect meaning and therefore the integrity of bibliographic representation is yet not fully understood. The dynamics of change sets Web libraries apart from the traditional library as well as many digital libraries. This paper seeks then to further our understanding of the Web page and Web site lifecycle. These patterns challenge the integrity and the usefulness of libraries with Web content. However, if these dynamics are understood, they can be controlled for or managed.

Wallace Koehler

1999-01-01

143

Book Review of: Digital Libraries: Principles and Practice in a Global Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A simple search in the Amazon bookstore (Amazon.com) returns more than 300 books with the term digital library/libraries in their title. 'Digital libraries' is a topic that has been attracting a great deal of attention from researchers in a variety of academic disciplines – especially the library and information science (LIS), and computer science communities. However, there is no consensus on the formal definition of digital libraries. This is partly due to the fact that researchers in different fields look at digital libraries from different perspectives.

Hamid R. Jamali

2006-01-01

144

The British Experience in Preserving Digital Library Collections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The increasing amount of information being produced digitally is impacting on and changing forever the expectations of users in all spheres of life. Digital access has many advantages over paper-based access in terms of convenience and functionality. However there are challenges, not yet wholly resolved, associated with ensuring that the many and varied digital resources being created will continue to be accessible. The long-term preservation of research collections in digital form is therefore an issue of increasing concern to research libraries around the world. Preservation and access to this information is dependent on impermanent media and technologies and adapting or re-engineering existing organisational and legal frameworks.

Neil Beagrie

2000-01-01

145

Ghanaian Library and Information Science Professionals’ Conceptions of Digital Libraries :A phenomenographic study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital libraries (DLs) have received much attention from many institutions and countries in recent times. Discussions on the concept are concentrated in the advanced world. Contribution to the discussion on DLs from developing countries is very insignificant. The concept of DLs has been given diffe...

Boamah, Eric

146

Open Access, Open Source and Digital Libraries: A Current Trend in University Libraries around the World  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the open access and open source movement in the digital library world. Design/methodology/approach: A review of key developments in the open access and open source movement is provided. Findings: Open source software and open access to research findings are of great use to scholars in developing…

Krishnamurthy, M.

2008-01-01

147

Understanding Digital Library/Museum Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Museum Program launched by National Science Council (NSC) has completed its first phase auditing at the end of 1999. The evaluation programs for DL/M at the different levels for the various purposes are highly recommended. The typical spots for DL/M evaluation include system analysis phase, prototype stage (formative evaluation), performance evaluation (summative evaluation), and for the resources management purposes -- cost-effectiveness evaluation. This paper discusses the important functions of evaluation at the different stages of system design, reviews the major DL/M evaluation projects, delineates the critical issues of DL/M evaluation program. And finally, a theoretical framework for DL/M evaluation program is suggested.[Article content in Chinese

Mei-Mei Wu; Shan-Ju Lin; Mu-Hsuan Huang; Nie-Ching Yeh

1999-01-01

148

Working in a digital world: new leadership practices for the development of a digital library workforce/ Working in a digital world: new leadership practices for the development of a digital library workforce  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Os progressos da biblioteca digital são parte de um movimento global em muitos setores da sociedade rumo ao trabalho virtual e serviços eletrônicos disponibilizados pelos avanços da tecnologia da informação. Este ambiente requer novas atitudes e habilidades na força de trabalho e, por isso, líderes que compreendam as mudanças por que passa a economia da informação e como tratar e desenvolver tal força de trabalho. Este artigo explora métodos para desenvolver (more) os recursos humanos e estimular a criatividade para capitalizar o imenso potencial das bibliotecas digitais no sentido de educar e fortalecer a mudança social. Há uma falta de trabalhadores tecnicamente habilitados e, acima de tudo, de inovadores. Retenção e recrutamento são um dos maiores obstáculos ao avanço dos serviços da biblioteca digital e aos produtos de informação. Abstract in english Digital library developments are part of a global move in many sectors of society toward virtual work and electronic services made possible by the advances in information technology. This environment requires new attitudes and skills in the workforce and therefore leaders who understand the global changes underlying the new information economy and how to lead and develop such a workforce. This article explores ways to develop human resources and stimulate creativity to ca (more) pitalize on the immense potential of digital libraries to educate and empower social change. There is a shortage of technically skilled workers and even more so of innovators. Retention and recruitment is one of the greatest obstacles to developing digital library services and information products.

Reenen, Johann van

2001-12-01

149

The Application of ElGamal Encryption Technology to the Information Security of Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????Nowadays, the construction and application of digital library leads a new era of the way people obtain knowledge and information, and promotes the academic exchanges and social progress. Digital library, however, also involves great risk, hacker attacks become the main threat of the information security of digital library, and may probably cause the loss and damage of the information resources in library. This article mainly introduces the advantages and the potential safety hazard of digital library, and then makes an analysis aiming at the information security of digital library, and finally puts forward an algorithm based on ElGamal encryption to protect library information encryptedly, and effectively guarantee the information security of digital library.

Zhang Fu jun

2013-01-01

150

Discovering Digital Library User Behavior with Google Analytics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Google Analytics has advanced features for tracking search queries, events such as clicking external links or downloading files, which you can use to track user behavior that is normally difficult to track with traditional web logging software. By tracking behavior, you can use Google Analytics API to extract data and integrate it with data from your digital repository to show granular data about individual items. Using this information, digital libraries can learn how users use the site without extensive HCI studies, and can use this information to improve the user experience.

Kirk Hess

2012-01-01

151

PECULIARITIES OF FUNCTIONING OF SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL LIBRARIES ??????????? ?????????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article considers principle issues of electronic libraries creation, it analyzes common definitions of "electronic library" notion and assigns the advantages of them over the traditional libraries. In course of study of electronic libraries functioning features the purpose of their creation, their attributes and functional resources were reviewed. The sphere of scientific and educational electronic libraries implementation is disclosed and certain types of documents attributable to educational electronic libraries are defined.? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????????, ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? "?????????? ??????????" ?? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ??? ????????????. ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????. ??? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ?????????, ??????????? ?? ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????????. ????????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???????? ??????????? ?????????. ? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??????????.

Natalia S. Prilutska

2011-01-01

152

Natural language information retrieval in digital libraries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this paper we report on some recent developments in joint NYU and GE natural language information retrieval system. The main characteristic of this system is the use of advanced natural language processing to enhance the effectiveness of term-based document retrieval. The system is designed around a traditional statistical backbone consisting of the indexer module, which builds inverted index files from pre-processed documents, and a retrieval engine which searches and ranks the documents in response to user queries. Natural language processing is used to (1) preprocess the documents in order to extract content-carrying terms, (2) discover inter-term dependencies and build a conceptual hierarchy specific to the database domain, and (3) process user`s natural language requests into effective search queries. This system has been used in NIST-sponsored Text Retrieval Conferences (TREC), where we worked with approximately 3.3 GBytes of text articles including material from the Wall Street Journal, the Associated Press newswire, the Federal Register, Ziff Communications`s Computer Library, Department of Energy abstracts, U.S. Patents and the San Jose Mercury News, totaling more than 500 million words of English. The system have been designed to facilitate its scalability to deal with ever increasing amounts of data. In particular, a randomized index-splitting mechanism has been installed which allows the system to create a number of smaller indexes that can be independently and efficiently searched.

Strzalkowski, T. [GE Corporate Research & Development, Schenectady, NY (United States); Perez-Carballo, J. [Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Marinescu, M. [New York Univ., NY (United States)

1996-12-31

153

Informedia Digital Video Library Accomplishments and Future Directions  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTIONThe Informedia Digital Video Library Project (IDVL),launched in mid-1994, was one of six Digital LibraryInitiative (DLI) Phase 1 projects funded jointly by NSF,DARPA and NASA. IDVL was the only DLI projectfocusing specifically on information extraction from videoand audio content, successfully pioneering the automatedindexing and retrieval of multimedia documents from over aterabyte of online data. IDVL integrated speech recognition,image processing, and natural language processing to dealwith the size and temporal characteristics specific to video.Lessons learned from IDVL have been reported in theliterature, ranging from early field trials with high schoolusers [1] to specific interface investigations [2, 3] to asummary report covering the project's DLI-1 funding period[4]. These lessons are discussed in more detail within thecontext of the ACM Workshop on Multimedia IntelligentStorage and Retrieval Management [5].The experiences and foundatio

Michael G. Christel; Howard D. Wactlar; Er G. Hauptmann

154

Tailor-made training for digital library software  

CERN Document Server

Six librarians and IT engineers from Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Morocco are currently spending several weeks at CERN as a follow-up to the 5-day CERN-UNESCO Digital Libraries School held in Dakar, Senegal, last year. During their stay, they are honing their mastery of CERN’s Invenio digital library management platform in order to put it to a variety of uses once they return home.   From left to right: Essaid Ait Allal (Morocco), Guillaume Nikiema (Burkina Faso), Eric Guedegbe (Senegal), Fama Diagne Sene Ndiaye (Senegal), Abdrahamane Anne (Mali) and Jens VIGEN (CERN).  Cécile Coulibaly (Ivory Coast), who was also taking part in the training programme, is not in the picture. “We plan to use Invenio to build a portal for all African university dissertations to make them accessible to the global academic community. We need a system which can harvest data from various existing platforms, then convert the bibliographic records and make them...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

155

Capturing and Analyzing User Behavior in Large Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

The size of digital libraries is increasing, making navigation and access to information more challenging. Improving the system by observing the users’ activities can help at providing better services to users of very large digital libraries. In this paper we explain how the Invenio open-source software, used by the CERN Document Server (CDS) allows fine grained logging of user behavior. In the first phase, the sequence of actions performed by users of CDS is captured, while in the second phase statistical data is calculated offline. This paper explains these two steps and the results. Although the analyzed system focuses on the high energy physics literature, the process could be applicable to other scientific communities, with and international, large user base.

Gvianishvili, Giorgi; Šimko, Tibor; Caffaro, Jérôme; Marian, Ludmila; Kaplun, Samuele; Chan, Belinda; Rajman, Martin

2010-01-01

156

Multi-lingual Information Retrieval in Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the advancements of the Internet and the Digital Library Initiatives in the U.S.A., the research of digital library has been flourished around the world. Recently the increasing availability of networked access to multilingual text collections within such an environment has drawn much attention in the development of cross-language retrieval technology. This article is used to structure a comprehensive discussion of published research and known commercial practice in the western world on the topic. In addition to the focus on the characteristics of Chinese text collections, some brief observations of the potential for multilingual information retrieval are also discussed in details.[Article content in Chinese

Hsiao-Tieh Pu; Lee-Feng Chien

1997-01-01

157

Customizable layout-driven approach to querying digital libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

In widely available multimedia digital libraries, querying, browsing, and displaying data pose new challenges given the diversity of the applications, of the users, and of the data. We address some of these challenges by tightly integrating querying with user-defined data presentation and by supporting browsing within query-defined groupings of the multimedia objects. Groupings use efficiently the screen real-estate and enhance the comprehension of the data. The user interface supports virtual document templates for specifying layout with associated visual query boxes for specifying document content. By nesting query boxes the user is able to define how the browsing is going to be performed. The visual nesting `drives' the actual querying process and therefore goes beyond the simple specification of the presentation. Examples are provided of the system as used to query the Perseus digital library of classical artifacts.

Cruz, Isabel F.; Lucas, Wendy T.

1998-12-01

158

NDLTD: Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations  

Science.gov (United States)

Based at Virginia Tech, one of the first universities to require students to develop and submit electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), the NDLTD works internationally to make student research more available to scholars, reduce the cost of submitting and maintaining manuscripts, and advance digital library technology more generally. At the homepage, users will find a number of resources and news items regarding these efforts. The project's digital library provides access to the full text (most in .pdf format) of a large number of ETDs via the list of University Nodes and related sites. Most of the linked sites allow users to both browse and search for dissertations. Users can also try a working prototype of a federated search engine that performs parallel queries across several dozen search sites provided by participants in the project. Please note that some ETDs are only available to campus users.

159

University of Colorado Digital Music Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The rotating first image on this site sums it all up: whether visitors are treated to "The Girl I Loved Out in the Golden West," "The Cowboy Rag," or "Dreaming on the Silv'ry Rio Grande," all of the covers invoke the American west. This musical archive contains hundreds of pieces of music, which visitors can browse alphabetically. Those with a geographical bent may wish to look over pieces of music that feature the state of Colorado. This area is quite interesting, as it includes songs like 1913's "Good Old Denver Town" and 1916's rousing "The skies are blue in Colorado." Visitors can use the Search Sheet Music section to look for items of interest by keyword and date. The site also contains copious details on the digitization process, copyright information, and other sheet music sites. One other helpful section of this site is the Collection Descriptions area. Here visitors can learn more about the specific collections areas, which include those that bring together ragtime numbers and the Western Trails collection, featuring songs that address westward migration.

160

From Laboratory to Library: The History of Wayne State University's Education Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The Education Library at Wayne State University has a long and storied history. From its beginning at the Detroit Normal School to its final merger with the general library, the Education Library has been at the heart of not only Wayne State University, but also in the development of the College of Education. This paper chronicles the history of…

Alteri, Suzan A.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

On the Library and Information Literacy Education of Vulnerable Groups  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper defines and classifies vulnerable groups, elaborates the necessity of information literacy education of vulnerable groups, analyzes the feasibility for the library to carry out the education, and then discusses specific measures taken by the library to fulfill it.

Zhu, Tian-hui

2009-01-01

162

Reflective teaching, effective learning instructional literacy for library educators  

CERN Document Server

Char Booth, an avid library education and technology advocate, introduces a series of concepts that will empower readers at any level of experience to become better designers and presenters, as well as building their confidence and satisfaction as library educators

Booth, Char

2011-01-01

163

The Impact of Distance Education on Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Technological advances and the Internet have radically changed the way people learn, live, and grow. In higher education, libraries have been challenged to look at how to serve people not only locally but at a distance. At Asbury Theological Seminary these changes have revolved around three issues: providing the same resources online, information literacy, and the importance of collaboration.

Kenneth A Boyd

2009-01-01

164

Information Seeking Behaviours of Business Students and the Development of Academic Digital Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives ? To gain insight into the extent to which user information?seeking behaviours should inform the design and development of Digital Libraries in an academic setting, a study was carried out at Dalhousie University, Canada to explore the information?seeking behaviours of business students.Methods ? The students studied were drawn from the School of Business Administration at Dalhousie University, Canada. The study was based on qualitative and quantitative data collected through a survey, in?depth semi?structured interviews, observational study and document analysis. Qualitative case study data was coded using QSR N6 qualitative data analysis software. The data was categorized using Atkinson’s “Model of BusinessInformation Users’ Expectations” and Renda and Straccia‘s personalized collaborative DL model. Atkinson’s model defines the expectations of business students in terms of cost, time,effort required, pleasure and the avoidance of pain. Renda and Straccia’s model of a personalized and collaborative digital library centres around three concepts: actors, objects, and functionality. The survey data was analysed using the Zoomerang software.Results ? The study results revealed that students tend to select resources based on cost(free or for fee), accessibility, ease of use, speed of delivery (of results), and convenience. The results showed that similar to Atkinson’s findings, the business students’ information seeking behaviour is influenced by the concepts of cost?benefit and break?even analyses that underlie business education. Concerning speed of delivery and convenience, the organization of the resources was paramount. Students preferred user?defined resource lists, alert services, and expert?created business resource collections. When asked about the usefulness of potential digital library functionalities, students valued a personalized user interface and communal virtual spaces to share information and communicate in real?time with their peers.Conclusion ? This study reveals that when digital libraries are developed, user behaviours and needs should be taken into consideration. It demonstrates that the activity as well as the “user’s orientation and motivation” (here the business student training) can directly influence the design and use of a digital tool. In other words, this study confirms a new typology of a business digital information user or use behaviour, one that requires the building of dedicated accredited library research systems. Providing information and information tools tailored to this specific audience is more likely to increase the appeal and use of an academic business digital library.

Joyline Makani; Kelli WooShue

2006-01-01

165

Library+  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses possible future directions for academic libraries in the post Web/Library 2.0 world. These possible directions include areas such as data literacy, linked data sets, and opportunities for libraries in support of digital humanities. The author provides a brief sketch of the background information regarding the topics and…

Merrill, Alex

2011-01-01

166

The Evolution of Digital Library Systems: from OpenDLib to DILIGENT  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents the architectures of both the OpenDLib library and of the DILIGENT infrastructure motivating why we moved from one to the other and showing how they contribute to the definition of appropriate technologies for digital libraries. OpenDLib is a digital library system based on a dyn...

Simi, M.; Candela, L.; Pagano, P.; Castelli, D.

167

Status of Technology and Digitization in the Nation's Museums and Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This report investigates current trends in libraries and museums regarding the use of digitization and other technologies. In 2001, the Institute of Museum and Library Services conducted the first-ever study of the status of new technology adoption and digitization in the nation's museums and libraries. The baseline study identified pockets of…

Institute of Museum and Library Services, 2006

2006-01-01

168

Framing the Digital Divide in Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This is the introductory article to the monograph "Redefining the Digital Divide in Higher Education". The article describes a comprehensive approach to the phenomenon of the digital divide and digital access, based on Marc Raboy and Mark Warschauer's research. This approach depicts the evolution from mere physical access to effective use of information and communication technologies in the field of higher education. Within this framework, the articles in the monograph are presented highlighting their role in contributing to a comprehensive approach and reflection on the digital divide in Higher Education.

Ismael Peña-López

2010-01-01

169

High Res at High Speed: Automated Delivery of High-Resolution Images from Digital Library Collections  

Science.gov (United States)

As primary source materials in the library are digitized and made available online, the focus of related library services is shifting to include new and innovative methods of digital delivery via social media, digital storytelling, and community-based and consortial image repositories. Most images on the Web are not of sufficient quality for most…

Westbrook, R. Niccole; Watkins, Sean

2012-01-01

170

Mass Digitization at Yale University Library: Exposing the Treasures in Our Stacks  

Science.gov (United States)

In September 2007, Yale University Library (YUL) and Microsoft agreed to partner in a large-scale project to digitize 100,000 books from the YUL collections--an ambitious effort that would substantially increase the library's digitized holdings, particularly in the area of its own text collections. YUL has been digitizing materials from its…

Weintraub, Jennifer; Wisner, Melissa

2008-01-01

171

PhysiomeSpace: digital library service for biomedical data.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Every research laboratory has a wealth of biomedical data locked up, which, if shared with other experts, could dramatically improve biomedical and healthcare research. With the PhysiomeSpace service, it is now possible with a few clicks to share with selected users biomedical data in an easy, controlled and safe way. The digital library service is managed using a client-server approach. The client application is used to import, fuse and enrich the data information according to the PhysiomeSpace resource ontology and upload/download the data to the library. The server services are hosted on the Biomed Town community portal, where through a web interface, the user can complete the metadata curation and share and/or publish the data resources. A search service capitalizes on the domain ontology and on the enrichment of metadata for each resource, providing a powerful discovery environment. Once the users have found the data resources they are interested in, they can add them to their basket, following a metaphor popular in e-commerce web sites. When all the necessary resources have been selected, the user can download the basket contents into the client application. The digital library service is now in beta and open to the biomedical research community.

Testi D; Quadrani P; Viceconti M

2010-06-01

172

American Journeys: Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement: A Digital Library and Learning Center  

Science.gov (United States)

With over 18,000 pages of eyewitness accounts of North American exploration, the American Journeys Digital Library and Learning Center is the result of a collaboration between the U.S. Institute of Museum & Library Services and by private donors. Much of the work was done at the Wisconsin Historical Society in Madison, Wisconsin, and visitors with an interest in digital projects and their creation and management will want to review the section that details how the website was built. Visitors with a limited amount of time will want to peruse the highlights section, which offers a number of noteworthy historical accounts, including the first encounter of Europeans with the Grand Canyon and the arrival of Captain James Cook in Hawaii. The resource section for educators is well-developed and includes suggestions on integrating documents into lesson plans, information on interpreting documents, and addressing sensitive content. As might be expected, the complete contents of the digital library may be searched in any number of ways, including by topic, author name, document type, and by keyword or full text.

2003-01-01

173

Historical Air Photo Digitization Project University of Waterloo Map Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The University Map Library (UML) at the University of Waterloo developed an onlinecollection of digitized and georeferenced aerial photography of the Kitchener-Waterlooarea from the 1930s and 1940s. Using GIS technology, the air photos were digitizedwith geographical coordinate tags for use in GIS software programs including onlinemapping applications such as Google Earth (GE). By creating and offeringdownloadable georeferenced images compatible with popular mapping tools, the airphotos have gained significant popularity and utilization by not only regular library usersbut by community groups, organizations and corporations who have never used libraryresources before. The integration of modern technology with traditional paper mappinghas proven to be both a method of preservation and a means of increasing and varyingutilization of the collection.

Eva Dodsworth

2008-01-01

174

The Convergence of the Digital-Libraries and the Peer-Review Process  

CERN Multimedia

Digital-libraries have seen a significant increase in use over the past fifteen years across multiple research domains. Researchers are beginning to develop applications capable of using these repositories to assist the scientific community above and beyond the pure dissemination of information. This paper discusses the role of digital-libraries in general and the incorporation of a particular service which can be used to augment OAI-compliant digital-library technology to facilitate the peer-review process.

Rodríguez, M A

2005-01-01

175

A Quantum Leap : Innovation in the Evolving Digital Library  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is an honor to give the Lazerow lecture tonight and to discuss digital library developments from the perspective of working at a national laboratory. Tonight I would like to consider what lies ahead given the evolution in scientific research, how that impacts the development of digital libraries, and finally, look at some of the challenges ahead of us. I'm particularly interested in giving this talk tonight because it provides an opportunity to talk to those of you who are students. You represent the next generation of professionals who will to confront some of the challenges I will outline tonight, as well as those of you who are the mentors and teachers of the next generation. The two roles are pivotal in terms of the challenges on the horizon. Most of you are familiar with the information literacy challenges we face as a nation. As the library director of a national laboratory's science library, I am also acutely aware that we also have a real problem with the lack of scientific literacy within the general population in this country and it has a corresponding impact on decision-making in a technological society. Those of us engaged in supporting scientific research, or just generally interested, should be concerned about this fact because science and technology are at the foundation of our success as a nation in the 20th Century. For our nation to continue to be successful in the 21st Century, we will need to improve on the state of scientific literacy.

Luce, R. E. (Richard E.)

2002-01-01

176

Enhancing Invenio Digital Library With An External Relevance Ranking Engine  

CERN Multimedia

Invenio is a comprehensive web-based free digital library software suite originally developed at CERN. In order to improve its information retrieval and word similarity ranking capabilities, the goal of this thesis is to enhance Invenio by bridging it with modern external information retrieval systems. In the first part a comparison of various information retrieval systems such as Solr and Xapian is made. In the second part a system-independent bridge for word similarity ranking is designed and implemented. Subsequently, Solr and Xapian are integrated in Invenio via adapters to the bridge. In the third part scalability tests are performed. Finally, a future outlook is briefly discussed.

Glauner, Patrick Oliver

177

El servicio de referencia en la biblioteca digital Reference service in the digital library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El servicio de referencia se muestra como uno de los servicios más importantes de la biblioteca digital. A grosso modo, se presenta en el artículo un bosquejo histórico del surgimiento del servicio, su concepto y sus características, así como la aparición de dicha práctica, pero ahora inmersa en un nuevo ambiente -el digital- y puntualizamos las características de este fenómeno.The reference service comes to light as one of the most important practices of the digital library. Essentially, the paper draws a historical sketch about the emergence of the service, its conceptualization and its characteristics, as well as the advent of this practice, but now immersed in a new environment_ the digital. We intend to show the characteristics of this phenomenon.

Georgina Araceli Torres Vargas; María Del Rocío Sánchez Avillaneda

2005-01-01

178

El servicio de referencia en la biblioteca digital/ Reference service in the digital library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El servicio de referencia se muestra como uno de los servicios más importantes de la biblioteca digital. A grosso modo, se presenta en el artículo un bosquejo histórico del surgimiento del servicio, su concepto y sus características, así como la aparición de dicha práctica, pero ahora inmersa en un nuevo ambiente -el digital- y puntualizamos las características de este fenómeno. Abstract in english The reference service comes to light as one of the most important practices of the digital library. Essentially, the paper draws a historical sketch about the emergence of the service, its conceptualization and its characteristics, as well as the advent of this practice, but now immersed in a new environment_ the digital. We intend to show the characteristics of this phenomenon.

Torres Vargas, Georgina Araceli; Sánchez Avillaneda, María Del Rocío

2005-12-01

179

RCLIS : towards a digital library for Information Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available There is described RCLIS, an international project that wants to develop a digital specializing library in biblioteconomía and documentation and that follows the model of open archives which already has been implemented in other disciplines, as the physics or the economy. It is a question of a free resource in which there take part, in an altruistic way, librarians of different countries with the aim to gather the whole bibliography generated in information sciences.Se describe RCLIS, un proyecto internacional que quiere desarrollar una biblioteca digital especializada en biblioteconomía y documentación y que sigue el modelo de archivo abierto que ya se ha implementado en otras disciplinas, como la física o la economía. Se trata de un recurso gratuito en el que participan, de manera altruista, bibliotecarios de diferentes países con el objetivo de recoger toda la bibliografía generada en información y documentación.

Barrueco Cruz, José Manuel; Subirats Coll, Imma

2003-01-01

180

Biblioteca digital: bibliografia das principais fontes de informação/ Digital library: a bibliography of major information sources  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Bibliografia internacional anotada sobre as principais fontes de informação lançadas a partir de 2000, relacionadas à biblioteca digital. Os tópicos cobertos são as bibliografias mais recentes, os livros e manuais, os periódicos especializados, os eventos específicos, as listas de discussão, os grupos e centros de pesquisa, os cursos e treinamentos e as principais organizações. Abstract in english International annotated bibliography about the major information sources related to digital library. The topics covered are: most recent bibliographies, books and manuals, specialized journals, specialized conferences, discussion lists, research groups and centers, training courses and major organizations.

Cunha, Murilo Bastos da

2010-04-01

 
 
 
 
181

Digital images and art libraries in the twenty-first century  

CERN Document Server

Increase your knowledge of the digital technology that is essential for art librarianship today! Digital Images and Art Libraries in the Twenty-First Century is your key to cutting-edge discourse on digital image databases and art libraries. Just as early photographers tried to capture the world to make it accessible, now information professionals in art libraries and art museums are creating and sharing digital collections to make them broadly accessible. This collection shares the experience and insight of art information managers who have taken advantage of digital technology to exp

Wyngaard, Susan

2013-01-01

182

Using Amazon S3 in Digital Preservation in a mid sized academic library: A case study of CCSU ERIS digital archive system  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the increasing numbers of born digital and digitized objects in academic libraries from sources such as digital collections and institutional repositories many academic libraries need to seriously consider implementing some form of digital preservation system. In 2009 the Central Connecticut State University Library decided to use Amazon S3 for digital preservation storage despite some drawbacks. The library has developed a system, ERIS Digital Archive, to manage all digital preservation processes and to make the system as compliant with the OAIS model and "Trustworthy Digital Repositories" as possible.

Edward Iglesias; Wittawat Meesangnil

2010-01-01

183

The Hybrid Library: The Focal Point of Traditional and Digital Libraries Karma Kütüphane: Dijital ve Geleneksel Kütüphanelerin Odak Noktas?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many libraries are currently experiencing a transition from traditional printbased collections to one that holds a mix of print and digital resources. This has led to the existence of so called hybrid libraries. A hybrid library conjugates elements of the traditional and the digital library. The most basic challenge is to acquire a common understanding of their defi nitions, aims, and missions. Digital and hybrid libraries are two kinds of modern libraries, defi ned as different entities. Defi nitions of these libraries show some overlap. So, it is not possible to separate them as two completely different types of libraries. The aim of this paper is to investigate the practices of and challenges confronting hybrid and digital libraries. Günümüzde kütüphaneler geleneksel bas?l? dermelerden hem bas?l? hem de dijital kaynaklar? içeren “karma kütüphaneler”e dönü?mektedir. Bu a?amada kar??la??lan en temel sorun karma kütüphanelerin tan?m, amaç ve görevlerinde ortak bir anlay?? geli?tirilmemi? olmas?d?r. Modern kütüphanelerin iki türü olarak dijital ve karma kütüphaneler farkl? ?ekillerde tan?mlanmakta, ancak birçok ortak özellikler ta??maktad?r. Bu makalede karma kütüphanelerin tan?t?m?, özellikleri ve görevleri, dijital ve karma kütüphaneler aras?ndaki ili?kiler ve karma hizmetler incelenmektedir.

Mehdi Afzali

2008-01-01

184

Effectiveness of caching in a distributed digital library system  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Today independent publishers are offering digital libraries with fulltext archives. In an attempt to provide a single user-interface to a large set of archives, the studied Article-Database-Service offers a consolidated interface to a geographically distributed set of archives. While this approach offers a tremendous functional advantage to a user, the fulltext download delays caused by the network and queuing in servers make the user-perceived interactive performance poor. This paper studies how effective caching of articles at the client level can be achieved as well as at intermediate points as manifested by gateways that implement the interfaces to the many fulltext archives. A central research question in this approach is: What is the nature of locality in the user access stream to such a digital library? Based on access logs that drive the simulations, it is shown that client-side caching can result in a 20% hit rate. Even at the gateway level temporal locality is observable, but published replacement algorithms are unable to exploit this temporal locality. Additionally, spatial locality can be exploited by considering loading into cache all articles in an issue, volume, or journal, if a single article is accessed. But our experiments showed that improvement introduced a lot of overhead. Finally, it is shown that the reason for this cache behavior is the long time distance between re-accesses, which makes caching quite unfeasible.

Hollmann, J.; ArdØ, Anders

2007-01-01

185

Orientation and Functions of Library in Quality Education of College  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Quality education is the core of college education. Libraries are the second class for students due to the extremely important position and function in quality education. Libraries are the best place for cultivating students’ morals, the important front for improving students’ scientific and cultural qualities, and the effective facilities for developing special technological education, serving as favorable conditions for promoting students’ comprehensive qualities. The main idea for libraries strengthening quality education is to build a “people-oriented” management thought, create service equipments and environment with humanism, stick to human service style, and improve the quality of library staff.

Lan Yang

2011-01-01

186

Education for Digitization: How Do We Prepare?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines the characteristics and variety of digitization training initiatives in North America and to a lesser extent, Europe, and the growing development of credit-bearing courses and programs within higher education relating to digitization, with a specific focus on librarianship. Information was collected in response to an inquiry…

Perry, Claudia A.

2005-01-01

187

Mass Digitization at the Complutense University Library: Access to and Preservation of its Cultural Heritage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the mid-1990s, the Library of the Complutense of Madrid (UCM) applied the growing body of new technologies to a pioneering project: the digitization of a valuable collection of biomedical books. The result of the project was the Dioscorides Digital Library. Up to 2006, however, the pace of digitization was very slow, resulting in only 3,000 books and 50,000 digitized engravings. In September 2006, the Complutense University and Google signed a partnership agreement for the purpose of carrying out large-scale digitization of our public domain collections. The Complutense University Library is participating in this mass-digitization project with the following goals: To improve the discovery of the cultural heritage of Complutense and increase the number of potential readers; To fulfil its public service mission; To preserve and protect the original books; To enhance students’ and faculty research. By early 2011, the Complutense Library had digitized roughly 120,000 out-of- copyright books from the 16th to the 19th centuries. All these materials are easily accessible via the Complutense Library Catalogue, Google Books and HathiTrust Digital Library. The Complutense University of Madrid joined the HathiTrust Digital Library in November 2010, which allowed books digitized by Google to be stored on HathiTrust servers. The HathiTrust Digital Library is both a digital preservation repository and a platform for access. It provides long-term preservation and access services for public domain and in-copyright content from a variety of sources, including Google, the Internet Archive, Microsoft, and in-house partner institution initiatives. In early 2011, the number of HathiTrust public domain volumes reached the two million mark and the collection exceeded eight million volumes. In addition, and complementing the above, the digital content of the Complutense University Library will be aggregated to Europeana during 2011 and 2012.

José A. Magán; Manuela Palafox; Eugenio Tardón; Amelia Sanz

2011-01-01

188

BELIEF-II D3.3.1 Digital Library User Guide Wiki  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The BELIEF Digital Library (DL) is accessible from the BELIEF Portal at http://www.beliefproject.org/ by clicking on the Digital Library menu; or directly at http://belief-dl.isti.cnr.it/ The BELIEF DL provides access to different document collections, public or private, which are distributed thr...

Baldacci, Maria Bruna; Zoppi, Franco

189

An Experimental Framework for Interactive Information Retrieval and Digital Libraries Evaluation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Evaluation of digital libraries assesses their effectiveness, quality and overall impact. In this paper we propose to use the Daffodil system as an experimental framework for the evaluation and research of interactive IR and digital libraries. The system already provides a rich set of working servic...

Klas, C.-P.; Fuhr, N.; Kriewel, S.

190

On the Effectiveness of Automatic Schema Matching Over Heterogeneous Digital Libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Schema matching is the problem of finding mappings between different structured schemas. When retrieving information from digital libraries with heterogeneous schemas, the query over a target schema has to be transformed into a query over the schema of the digital library (the source schema) it has ...

Renda M. E.; Straccia U.

191

AUTOMATED CATEGORIZATION SCHEME FOR DIGITAL LIBRARIES IN DISTANCE LEARNING: A Pattern Recognition Approach  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital libraries play a crucial role in distance learning. Nowadays, they are one of the fundamental information sources for the students enrolled in this learning system. These libraries contain huge amount of instructional data (text, audio and video) offered by the distance learning program. Organization of the digital libraries is therefore very important for easy and fast access to the desired information. Improper categorization of data may mislead the students searching the library. Since manual categorization of huge amount of data might be challenging, an automatic and reliable method is needed. In this sense, this paper proposes an automated categorization scheme for digital libraries in distance learning. The categorization scheme is designed and developed by a pattern recognition approach. Effectiveness of the proposed scheme is evaluated on widely used Reuters database. The results of the experimental study verify that the proposed scheme is a good candidate for categorization of digital libraries in distance learning programs.

Serkan GUNAL

2008-01-01

192

Growing expertise in Africa: CERN-UNESCO's 3rd Digital Library School  

CERN Multimedia

The third in the series of CERN-UNESCO African Schools on Digital Libraries took place in Dakar, Senegal, in November last year. The School represents an important opportunity for CERN to contribute to a global exchange of knowledge, skills and culture.   Ludmila Marian assisting participants during a hands-on computer session. More photographs available here. After Rwanda and Morocco, this time it was Senegal's turn to host the Digital Library School, the third of its kind, held from 21 to 25 November 2011. Participants from seven African French-speaking countries met at the Université Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar to learn about digital libraries and the importance of new technologies in the dissemination of knowledge by libraries. The School outlined the principles of digital information management and showcased the Invenio software, developed by CERN to manage digital libraries and freely available as Open Source software. The series of Schools, which combine in...

Joannah Caborn Wengler

2012-01-01

193

Construcción de un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales dentro del proyecto de Biblioteca Digital Colombiana/ Development of a virtual course on digital libraries as part of the Project of the Colombian Digital Library  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En el marco del desarrollo del proyecto de investigación aplicada ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana-BDCOL'' uno de sus objetivos fue establecer una base común de conocimientos que permitiera a la mayor cantidad de instituciones participar en el proyecto e iniciar la construcción de sus repositorios digitales. Al consultar a la comunidad académica y bibliotecológica de las principales universidades del país, se evidenciaron las diferencias de conocimien (more) to respecto a la temática de las bibliotecas y repositorios digitales, por lo que decidió crear y ofrecer un curso virtual sobre bibliotecas digitales a instituciones miembros de la Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA. Este artículo presenta: a) el contexto proporcionado por el Proyecto Biblioteca Digital Colombiana; b) la metodología de diseño instruccional del curso; c) la estructura de contenidos y las estrategias pedagógicas establecidas; d) la divulgación, selección de los participantes; e) la evaluación y las conclusiones del curso y las recomendaciones para hacer ajustes relacionadas con el tiempo necesario para completar el curso; y por último, f) la gestión de información y del conocimiento. Con este curso se posibilitó la generación de una base de conocimiento común entre las instituciones vinculadas al proyecto BDCOL y constituye un referente sobre esta temática para la formaciónautoformación en otros momentos y contextos. Abstract in english In the development of the applied research project ''Creación de la Biblioteca Digital Colombiana- BDCOL'' (''Creation of the Colombian Digital Library''), one of the objectives was to establish a common ground of knowledge that would allow the biggest number of institutions to participate in the project and begin to build their own digital repositories. When academic and librarian communities in the main universities of the country were consulted, the differences as to (more) the knowledge about digital libraries and repositories became evident. For this reason, it was decided to create and offer a virtual course on digital libraries to institutions member of the Red Nacional Académica de Tecnología Avanzada - RENATA (National Network of Advanced Technology). This paper presents a) the context given by the BDCOL; b) the course's methodology of instructional design; c) its structure of contents and the pedagogical strategies established; d) the diffusion of the program and selection of participants; e) the course's evaluation, conclusion, and recommendations -specially concerning the time needed to complete the course, and, finally, f) the information and knowledge management. This course was successful in making possible to generate a ground of common knowledge for the institutions associated to the BDCOL project and setting a precedent in this area for education and self-education, applicable to other moments and contexts.

Ballesteros, Blessed; Castaño Muñoz, Wilson; Uribe Tirado, Alejandro

2009-12-01

194

Elektronik Müzik Kütüphanesi: Selçuk Üniversitesi Örne?i / Digital Music Library : Selcuk University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this article is to give explanatory information concerning the Digital Music Library which is situated at the Selcuk University Central Library. The information provided includes development and future goals of the mentioned library together with gained experience throughout the time. Some condensed user information has been supplied too.

Fatma K?l?çarslan

2004-01-01

195

Enhanced Web Interfaces for Administering Invenio Digital Library  

CERN Document Server

Invenio is an open source web-based application that implements a digital library or document server, and it's used at CERN as the base of the CERN Document Server Institutional Repository and the Inspire High Energy Physics Subject Repository. The purpose of this work was to reimplement the administrative interface of the search engine in Invenio, using new and proved open source technologies, to simplify the code base and lay the foundations for the work that it will be done in porting the rest of the administrative interfaces to use these newer technologies. In my time as a CERN openlab summer student I was able to implement some of the features for the WebSearch Admin Interfaces, enhance some of the existing code with new features and find solutions to technical challenges that will be common when porting the other administrative interfaces modules.

Batista, João

2012-01-01

196

Using Lotkaian Informetrics for Ranking in Digital Libraries  

CERN Document Server

The purpose of this paper is to propose the use of models, theories and laws in bibliometrics and scientometrics to enhance information retrieval processes, especially ranking. A common pattern in many man-made data sets is Lotka's Law which follows the well-known power-law distributions. These informetric distributions can be used to give an alternative order to large and scattered result sets and can be applied as a new ranking mechanism. The polyrepresentation of information in Digital Library systems is used to enhance the retrieval quality, to overcome the drawbacks of the typical term-based ranking approaches and to enable users to explore retrieved document sets from a different perspective.

Schaer, Philipp

2011-01-01

197

InterPay: Managing Multiple Payment Mechanisms in Digital Libraries  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We propose an architecture called InterPay for managingfinancial interactions with for-pay digital library services.The approach accommodates multiple paymentmechanisms, interaction models, and charging policies.Key components of our model are payment agents andpayment capabilities that encapsulate payment policyand the details of payment on behalf of the user. Collectionagents and collection capabilities provide similarencapsulation for the service provider. The architecturesupports interactions ranging from individual usersdirectly interacting with the service provider to institutionalusers accessing information brokers via a corporatelibrary. We also describe a prototype system thatimplements the InterPay architecture, allowing accessto real services under varying payment policies.KEYWORDS: internet commerce, payment mechanisms,payment agent, collection agent, interoperability,distributed objects, object-oriented programing,CORBA, charging protocols, charging pol...

Steve B. Cousins; Steven P. Ketchpel; Andreas Paepcke; Hector Garcia-molina; Scott W. Hassan; Martin Roscheisen

198

CMOS Low Power Cell Library for Digital Design  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Historically, VLSI designers have focused on increasing the speed and reducing the area of digital systems.However, the evolution of portable systems and advanced Deep Sub-Micron fabrication technologies havebrought power dissipation as another critical design factor. Low power design reduces cooling cost andincreases reliability especially for high density systems. Moreover, it reduces the weight and size ofportable devices. The power dissipation in CMOS circuits consists of static and dynamic components. Sincedynamic power is proportional to V2dd and static power is proportional to Vdd, lowering the supply voltageand device dimensions, the transistor threshold voltage also has to be scaled down to achieve the requiredperformance.In case of static power, the power is consumed during the steady state condition i.e when there are noinput/output transitions. Static power has two sources: DC power and Leakage power. Consecutively tofacilitate voltage scaling without disturbing the performance, threshold voltage has to be minimized.Furthermore it leads to better noise margins and helps to avoid the hot carrier effects in short channeldevices. In this paper we have been proposed the new CMOS library for the complex digital design usingscaling the supply voltage and device dimensions and also suggest the methods to control the leakagecurrent to obtain the minimum power dissipation at optimum value of supply voltage and transistorthreshold. In this paper CMOS Cell library has been implemented using TSMC (0.18um) and TSMC(90nm) technology using HEP2 tool of IC designing from Mentor Graphics for various analysis andsimulations.

Kanika Kaur; Arti Noor

2013-01-01

199

Organizing for Digitization at Oregon State University: A Case Study and Comparison with ARL Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents a case study of how Oregon State University Libraries (OSUL) organized to accomplish digitization activities. Digitization activities are broken down into six major categories: management, copyright, digital imaging, metadata, hardware/software/web design, and selection. The OSUL departments responsible for tasks within each…

Boock, Michael

2008-01-01

200

The Dede Korkut digital library: a student project faces the real world  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This essay details the fate of a student project for a digital libraries course from its initial development, through a grant application to make the project a reality, to its end. The Dede Korkut stories, Turkish folktales, were chosen for digitization and potential inclusion in a digital collection which was intended to benefit scholars worldwide.

Bayram, Ozlem

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Iowa Digital Library: University Communication and Marketing Photographs  

Science.gov (United States)

In these modern times, every university and college generates thousands of photographs documenting a wide range of cultural, educational, and social activities. The University of Iowa has produced an amazing array of dramatic and pensive images over the past few years and this digital archive brings many of them together in one archive. Visitors can browse the collection via several dozen topical headings, including Admissions, Campus, and Government Relations. The viewbook photographs are quite arresting, as they profile portraits of prominent people, ranging from basketball players to employees of different units on campus. As a whole, it's a fine portrait of a Big Ten university of great repute. [KMG

202

La biblioteca digital personalizable como complemento del sistema de bibliotecas de las universidades Personalizable digital library as complement of the library system of the university  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El presente trabajo recopila los antecedentes de las bibliotecas, hasta llegar a las bibliotecas en línea. Se realiza una breve comparación entre los diferentes tipos de bibliotecas existentes. Se describe la biblioteca digital personalizable, la cual permite la socialización del conocimiento, ideal para ser utilizada en las universidades. Se refieren sus principales características y la posibilidad de ser utilizada como complemento de las bibliotecas físicas con las que cuentan las universidades.This work compiles the history of libraries, reaching to libraries online. A brief comparison between different types of libraries. Describes the customizable digital library which allows socialization of knowledge, ideal for universities use. Regards its main features and the possibility of being used as a complement to physical libraries at their disposal universities.

Yanedi Abreu Bartomeo; Luis Domínguez Cruz; Maikel Manuel Fernández Fernández

2011-01-01

203

La biblioteca digital personalizable como complemento del sistema de bibliotecas de las universidades/ Personalizable digital library as complement of the library system of the university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El presente trabajo recopila los antecedentes de las bibliotecas, hasta llegar a las bibliotecas en línea. Se realiza una breve comparación entre los diferentes tipos de bibliotecas existentes. Se describe la biblioteca digital personalizable, la cual permite la socialización del conocimiento, ideal para ser utilizada en las universidades. Se refieren sus principales características y la posibilidad de ser utilizada como complemento de las bibliotecas físicas con las que cuentan las universidades. Abstract in english This work compiles the history of libraries, reaching to libraries online. A brief comparison between different types of libraries. Describes the customizable digital library which allows socialization of knowledge, ideal for universities use. Regards its main features and the possibility of being used as a complement to physical libraries at their disposal universities.

Abreu Bartomeo, Yanedi; Domínguez Cruz, Luis; Fernández Fernández, Maikel Manuel

2011-09-01

204

Three looks at users: a comparison of methods for studying digital library use. User studies, Digital libraries, Digital music libraries, Music, Information use, Information science, Contextual inquiry, Contextual design, User research, Questionnaires, Log file analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Compares three user research methods of studying real-world digital library usage within the context of the Variations and Variations2 digital music libraries at Indiana University. After a brief description of both digital libraries, each method is described and illustrated with findings from the studies. User satisfaction questionnaires were used in two studies, one of Variations (n=30) and the other of Variations2 (n=12). Second, session activity log files were examined for 175 Variations2 sessions using both quantitative and qualitative methods. The third method, contextual inquiry, is illustrated with results from field observations of four voice students' information usage patterns. The three methods are compared in terms of expertise required; time required to set up, conduct, and analyse resulting data; and the benefits derived. Further benefits are achieved with a mixed-methods approach, combining the strengths of the methods to answer questions lingering as a result of other methods.

Mark Notess

2004-01-01

205

Talkback telephone network. Techniques of providing library continuing education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four lectures on solving medical reference requests were given over a talkback telephone teleconference network which links 110 hospitals throughout the state. Participants in the course were librarians in nonurban public libraries, systems libraries, and small hospital libraries. Professional librarians as well as library personnel with little training took the course. Techniques were developed for providing continuing education over this telephone network to individuals located in remote areas. These techniques are described including analysis of their advantages and disadvantages. PMID:10262539

Wender, R W

1983-07-01

206

Talkback telephone network. Techniques of providing library continuing education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Four lectures on solving medical reference requests were given over a talkback telephone teleconference network which links 110 hospitals throughout the state. Participants in the course were librarians in nonurban public libraries, systems libraries, and small hospital libraries. Professional librarians as well as library personnel with little training took the course. Techniques were developed for providing continuing education over this telephone network to individuals located in remote areas. These techniques are described including analysis of their advantages and disadvantages.

Wender RW

1983-07-01

207

Defrosting the digital library: bibliographic tools for the next generation web.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Many scientists now manage the bulk of their bibliographic information electronically, thereby organizing their publications and citation material from digital libraries. However, a library has been described as "thought in cold storage," and unfortunately many digital libraries can be cold, impersonal, isolated, and inaccessible places. In this Review, we discuss the current chilly state of digital libraries for the computational biologist, including PubMed, IEEE Xplore, the ACM digital library, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Citeseer, arXiv, DBLP, and Google Scholar. We illustrate the current process of using these libraries with a typical workflow, and highlight problems with managing data and metadata using URIs. We then examine a range of new applications such as Zotero, Mendeley, Mekentosj Papers, MyNCBI, CiteULike, Connotea, and HubMed that exploit the Web to make these digital libraries more personal, sociable, integrated, and accessible places. We conclude with how these applications may begin to help achieve a digital defrost, and discuss some of the issues that will help or hinder this in terms of making libraries on the Web warmer places in the future, becoming resources that are considerably more useful to both humans and machines.

Hull D; Pettifer SR; Kell DB

2008-10-01

208

Criterios e indicadores para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales/ Criteria and indicators to evaluate digital libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, (more) contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad. Abstract in english The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. The proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.

Ramírez Céspedes, Zulia

2006-12-01

209

Criterios e indicadores para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales Criteria and indicators to evaluate digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se abordan los conceptos de biblioteca digital, biblioteca tradicional, biblioteca electrónica, biblioteca híbrida y biblioteca virtual. Se valora un grupo de propuestas, aparecidas en la literatura, para evaluar las bibliotecas digitales y se sistematiza un conjunto de criterios e indicadores para evaluar esta clase de entidades. Los criterios propuestos son: identidad, actualización, accesibilidad, arquitectura de información, servicios de información, colecciones, contenido, diseño de interfase, posicionamiento, sistema de búsqueda y recuperación y usabilidad.The concepts of digital library, traditional library, electronic library, hybrid library and virtual library are analyzed. A group of proposals found in literature to evaluate the digital libraries is considered, as well as an assembly of criteria and indicators to evaluate this type of entities. The proposed criteria are: identity, updating, accessibility, information architecture, information services, collections, content, design of interface, positioning, system of search and recovery, usability.

Zulia Ramírez Céspedes

2006-01-01

210

Educational Scenarios for Digital Futures  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article frames and theorises the nature of adolescents' informal experiences in Web 2.0 environments to articulate their fit or misfit with current conceptions of school education and educational practices. Adolescents are increasingly active Web 2.0 users. However, the traditional research and education communities have been slow to respond…

Schuck, Sandy; Aubusson, Peter

2010-01-01

211

Dynamic Use of Digital Library Material - Supporting Users with Typed Links in Open Hypermedia  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper introduces a novel approach to supporting digital library users in organising and annotating material. We have extended the concept of open hypermedia by introducing typed links, which support: addition of (user-defined) semantics to hypertexts, user navigation, and machine supported analysis and synthesis of hypermedia structures. The Webvise open hypermedia system is integrated with the World Wide Web, and has been augmented with a type system. We illustrate the potential use in the context of digital libraries with a scenario of teachers jointly preparing a course based on digital library material.

GrØnbæk, Kaj; Hansen, Klaus Marius

1999-01-01

212

The Qumran Visualization Project: Prospects for Digital Humanities in Theological Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital Humanities are a hot topic in disciplines as varied as literature, history and cultural studies, but at present theology and religious studies departments seem to be lagging behind. This essay will offer a critical review of one Digital Humanities project that is relevant to theological libraries and Biblical Studies: the Qumran Visualization Project. The essay will discuss why theological libraries should start considering the Digital Humanities, and then offer some strategies for how libraries can support, promote or otherwise engage with this type of project.

Benjamin P. Murphy

2012-01-01

213

Library Education in the ASEAN Countries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Identifies the hierarchy of library development in Southeast Asian countries that results in the neglect of public and school libraries. Developing local library school curricula which focus on the specific needs of each country and cooperation among library schools are suggested as methods of correcting this situation. (CLB)

Atan, H. B.; Havard-Williams, P.

1987-01-01

214

Library Education in the ASEAN Countries.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Identifies the hierarchy of library development in Southeast Asian countries that results in the neglect of public and school libraries. Developing local library school curricula which focus on the specific needs of each country and cooperation among library schools are suggested as methods of correcting this situation. (CLB)|

Atan, H. B.; Havard-Williams, P.

1987-01-01

215

SIOExplorer: Managing Data Flow into a Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

The diversity of the data held by the Geological Data Center at SIO is a tribute to the evolution of oceanography, from echo sounding rolls and hand-drawn charts to modern multibeam bathymetry. However, the changes in sensor technology and organizational approaches since 1903 present real challenges to the archivist, as we struggle to migrate the holdings into a web-accessible digital library for use by the public and scientific community (www.nsdl.org). Automation of the dataflow is an absolute necessity, with millions of files and a terabyte of data, although the biggest challenges come from complexity rather than bulk volume. The problems stem from our diverse archive collection, with its evolving data content, processing practices, naming conventions, and clutter from intermediate or obsolete files. This is not the only or the last data system to suffer from these problems, and an approach has been designed that can be applied to other projects. Instead of writing code to process each individual type of cruise, which varies from vessel to vessel over the fifty years and 795 cruises, we created a single Canonical Cruise Data Structure (CCDS). After some experimentation, the CCDS now consists of 9 basic categories and a reasonable number of sub-categories (directories) that can hold all the essential information. The key to flexibility and scalability comes from a template-driven rules approach that allows a processing script to harvest data from complex original data structures, and store them in the simple CCDS. The template mimics the structure of the CCDS. As the processing script traverses the template it finds rules for each category, instructing it on where to look for likely sources, and how to prioritize the results when multiple sources are detected. Over time as new situations are encountered, changes are simply made to the template, rather than the code. After the first tests, it became apparent that a visual method was needed to monitor the success of the harvesting, to make sure that every category is filled with the correct content. We can run simulated tests on our data staging area and report the results immediately in graphical form on our website. The web report shows data found (blue) and not found (red). A mouse-over operation shows the search string used as a rule for selection, and the list of files actually found. We are also employing visualization as a quality control technique to screen data prior to storage in the digital library. We are outputting a grid per multibeam file that can be viewed with public domain GMT tools, the Fledermaus visualization package, or ESRI Arcgis software, as a rapid check on sound velocity artifacts, noise levels, and editing status.

Clark, D.; Miller, S. P.; Peckman, U.; Chase, A.; Helly, J.

2002-12-01

216

The PDA as a reference tool: libraries' role in enhancing nursing education.  

Science.gov (United States)

"The PDA as a Reference Tool: The Libraries' Role in Enhancing Nursing Education" is a pilot project funded by the University of Massachusetts President's Office Information Technology Council through their Professional Development Grant program in 2004. The project's goal is to offer faculty and students in nursing programs at two University of Massachusetts campuses access to an array of medical reference information, such as handbooks, dictionaries, calculators, and diagnostic tools, on small handheld computers called personal digital assistants. Through exposure to the variety of information resources in this digital format, participants can discover and explore these resources at no personal financial cost. Participants borrow handhelds from the University Library's circulation desks. The libraries provide support in routine resynchronizing of handhelds to update information. This report will discuss how the projects were administered, what we learned about what did and did not work, the problems and solutions, and where we hope to go from here. PMID:16849916

Scollin, Patrick; Callahan, John; Mehta, Apurva; Garcia, Elizabeth

217

The PDA as a reference tool: libraries' role in enhancing nursing education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

"The PDA as a Reference Tool: The Libraries' Role in Enhancing Nursing Education" is a pilot project funded by the University of Massachusetts President's Office Information Technology Council through their Professional Development Grant program in 2004. The project's goal is to offer faculty and students in nursing programs at two University of Massachusetts campuses access to an array of medical reference information, such as handbooks, dictionaries, calculators, and diagnostic tools, on small handheld computers called personal digital assistants. Through exposure to the variety of information resources in this digital format, participants can discover and explore these resources at no personal financial cost. Participants borrow handhelds from the University Library's circulation desks. The libraries provide support in routine resynchronizing of handhelds to update information. This report will discuss how the projects were administered, what we learned about what did and did not work, the problems and solutions, and where we hope to go from here.

Scollin P; Callahan J; Mehta A; Garcia E

2006-07-01

218

Interactive Editing and Cataloging Interfaces for Modern Digital Library Systems  

CERN Document Server

The next-generation High Energy Physics information system, INSPIRE, is being built by combining the content from the successful SPIRES database of bibliographic information with the CDS Invenio software being developed at CERN, an open-source platform for large digital library systems. The project is a collaboration between four major particle physics laboratories in Europe and the U.S. New tools are being developed to enable the global cooperation between catalogers at these labs. The BibEdit module will provide a central interface for the editing, enrichment, correction and verification of a record on its way into the system, by processing and presenting data from several supporting modules to the cataloger. The objective is to minimize the time and actions needed by the cataloger to process the record. To create a fast and powerful web application we make use of modern AJAX technology to create a dynamic and responsive user interface, where server communication happens in the background without delaying t...

Raae, L C

2009-01-01

219

Redeye: A Digital Library for Forensic Document Triage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Forensic document analysis has become an important aspect of investigation of many different kinds of crimes from money laundering to fraud and from cybercrime to smuggling. The current workflow for analysts includes powerful tools, such as Palantir and Analyst s Notebook, for moving from evidence to actionable intelligence and tools for finding documents among the millions of files on a hard disk, such as FTK. However, the analysts often leave the process of sorting through collections of seized documents to filter out the noise from the actual evidence to a highly labor-intensive manual effort. This paper presents the Redeye Analysis Workbench, a tool to help analysts move from manual sorting of a collection of documents to performing intelligent document triage over a digital library. We will discuss the tools and techniques we build upon in addition to an in-depth discussion of our tool and how it addresses two major use cases we observed analysts performing. Finally, we also include a new layout algorithm for radial graphs that is used to visualize clusters of documents in our system.

Bogen, Paul Logasa [ORNL; McKenzie, Amber T [ORNL; Gillen, Rob [ORNL

2013-01-01

220

Evaluating ranking methods on heterogeneous digital library collections  

CERN Multimedia

In the frame of research in particle physics, CERN has been developing its own web-based software /Invenio/ to run the digital library of all the documents related to CERN and fundamental physics. The documents (articles, photos, news, thesis, ...) can be retrieved through a search engine. The results matching the query of the user can be displayed in several ways: sorted by latest first, author, title and also ranked by word similarity. The purpose of this project is to study and implement a new ranking method in Invenio: distributed-ranking (D-Rank). This method aims at aggregating several ranking scores coming from different ranking methods into a new score. In addition to query-related scores such as word similarity, the goal of the work is to take into account non-query-related scores such as citations, journal impact factor and in particular scores related to the document access frequency in the database. The idea is that for two equally query-relevant documents, if one has been more downloaded for inst...

Canévet, Olivier; Marian, Ludmila; Chonavel, Thierry

 
 
 
 
221

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display 'snippets' of print books in the collections of f...

K. M. Manuel

2009-01-01

222

Automating the Internal Workflow of the Miguel de Cervantes Digital Library  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We describe the digital-book-production flow of the Miguelde Cervantes Virtual Library, from book acquisition up toInternet publishing, highlighting the main requirements anddesign considerations of the workflow system.

Alejandro Bia; Javier Pozo

223

Language engineering for the Semantic Web: a digital library for endangered languages. Endangered languages, Ontology, Digital library, Multimedia, EMELD, Intelligent querying and retrieval, ImageSpace  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we describe the effort undertaken at Wayne State University to preserve endangered languages using the state-of-the-art information technologies. In particular, we discuss the issues involved in such an effort, and present the architecture of a distributed digital library for endangered languages which will contain various data of endangered languages in the forms of text, image, video, audio and include advanced tools for intelligent cataloguing, indexing, searching and browsing information on languages and language analysis. We use various Semantic Web technologies such as XML, OLAC, ontologies so that our digital library becomes a useful linguistic resource on the Semantic Web.

Lu Shiyong; Liu Dapeng

2004-01-01

224

The Digital Public Library of America: Details, the Librarian Response and the Future.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In brief: The Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) launched last week. This article attempts to tease out the librarian response to DPLA and explore what it means for the future of the library in popular imagination, as well as in our field. I describe the what, who, and how of DPLA and ask, aft...

Micah Vandegrift

225

The Digital Public Library of America: Details, the Librarian Response and the Future.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In brief: The Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) launched last week. This article attempts to tease out the librarian response to DPLA and explore what it means for the future of the library in popular imagination, as well as in our field. I describe the what, who, and how of DPLA and ask, after [...

Micah Vandegrift

2013-01-01

226

Emerging Tools for Evaluating Digital Library Services: Conceptual Adaptations of LibQUAL+ and CAPM  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper describes ways to examine how digital libraries are valued by their users, and explores ways of permitting the allocation of resources to areas of user-identified need. Pertinent models from marketing, economics, and library assessment and evaluation are reviewed, focussing on the applicat...

Heath, Fred; Texas A&M University; Kyrillidou, Martha; Association of Research Libraries; Webster, Duane; Association of Research Libraries

227

An Evaluation of Alberta Education's Library Services. Summary Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report provides an overview of the findings, analysis, and conclusions of the external evaluation of the effectiveness of Alberta Education Library Services conducted between September 1985 and March 1986 under the guidance of the Library Services Evaluation Steering Committee (Phase 2 of the evaluation and planning process initiated in 1985…

Deloitte Haskins & Sells Associates, Edmonton (Alberta).

228

Building digital archives by the National Diet Library : Toward knowledge sharing  

Science.gov (United States)

This article shows the current situation of construction of the National Diet Library (NDL)'s digital archive and the direction of activities for “creating and reproducing new knowledge” which “knowledge sharing” aims at. The NDL, as a deposit library has a responsibility to acquire and preserve not only paper materials but also digital contents, and needs to make them accessible anytime and anywhere. The NDL acquires and preserves digital contents to a maximum extent to build the NDL digital archive. However, it is impossible to collect all of them, so the NDL plans to accumulate all knowledge in cooperation with other institutions to build distributed digital archives. The NDL plays a data provider role to navigate all the distributed digital archival information and make it available as semantically-related knowledge to build “NDL Search”. The NDL will make it possible to create new knowledge reusing the existing information as knowledge to build up the knowledge infrastructure.

Nakayama, Masaki

229

A representação de imagens no acervo da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire: proposta e percursos/ Image representation in Paulo Freire Digital Library Collection: proposal and routes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O presente trabalho apresenta os resultados obtidos no projeto Identificação e Análise de Imagem para Formação de um Sistema de Representação e Recuperação da Informação, financiado pela Coordenação Institucional de Ensino a Distância da UFPB, que visa à elaboração de princípios de representação da informação imagética do acervo da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire, com o intuito de formar uma política de representação para a informação de nature (more) za imagética. Para sua execução, contou-se com os pressupostos teóricos da semiótica, estética e teoria da arte, bem como subsídios da teoria da representação. Como resultados o presente trabalho aponta as possíveis formas de representação das imagens e sua incorporação ao acervo informacional da Biblioteca Digital Paulo Freire. Abstract in english The objective of this paper is to present the results obtained on the project Identification and Analysis of Image for Development of an Information Recovery and Representation System, which was financed by the Institutional Coordination for Distance Education. The project purposes the elaboration of representation principles of imagetic information in Paulo Freire Digital Library collection. To support its execution, the theoretical conjectures of semiotics, art theory a (more) nd aesthetic were considered, as well as subsidies of representation theory. The present paper points out image representation aspects and its incorporation into the informational collection of Paulo Freire Digital Library.

Netto, Carlos Xavier de Azevedo; Freire, Bernardina Maria Juvenal; Pereira, Perpétua

2004-12-01

230

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas/ DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o especializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio. Abstract in english The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt with on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Cabrera Facundo, Ana Margarita; Coutín Domínguez, Adrián

2005-04-01

231

Las bibliotecas digitales: Parte I. Consideraciones teóricas DIGITAL LIBRARIES: PART I. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se aborda el marco teórico de las bibliotecas digitales. Se expone un grupo de conceptos útiles para realizar las distinciones necesarias entre sitios web y bibliotecas digitales. Se trata el nuevo paradigma de los servicios, orientado a los usuarios, así como las bibliotecas digitales temáticas o especializadas, sobre la base del estudio profundo de un grupo de bibliotecas de arte seleccionadas para el estudio.The theoretical framework of digital libraries is described. A group of concepts that are useful to make the necessary distinctions between web sites and digital libraries is presented. The new service paradigm oriented to users, as well as the thematic or specialized digital libraries are dealt with on the basis of an in-deep study of a group of art libraries selected for this study.

Ana Margarita Cabrera Facundo; Adrián Coutín Domínguez

2005-01-01

232

DIGITIZATION AND ONLINE COMMUNICATION OF LIBRARY DOCUMENTS. EUROPEAN AND NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The digitization of information resources that provide online access, preserving them for future generations is something that requires efforts both at national level for the member states as well as at European level.National Library of Romania is an important institution constantly focused on the long term preservation process and the permanent access to cultural heritage. The purpose of this paper is to establish two areas of action: first of all, to strengthen efforts to expand and improve access to knowledge and to join partnerships with libraries in the national libraries system, in order to support sharing documents, human and material resources, and secondly, to define a public policy regarding the digitization of cultural resources and creating a digital library of Romania.

Elena TÎRZIMAN

2008-01-01

233

Empowering Students in Information Literacy Practices Using a Collaborative Digital Library for School Projects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper examines the affordances that a collaborative digital library (CDL) can bring to bear on supporting information literacy practices in the digital information environment. It suggests that the digital library can contribute to student empowerment in information literacy practices while searching, using and collaboratively building the digital library resources. To illustrate this, the authors have been experimenting with the implementation of an integrated information literacy model based on Eisenberg and Berkowitz’ Big 6 Model and describes the CDL features in association with the information literacy dimensions in this model. The CDL focuses on the project-based learning approach to conduct students’ project, which supports specific information behaviors that underpin research and learning such as information seeking, browsing, encountering, foraging, sharing, gathering, filtering, and using. Findings regarding teachers’ reception of the digital library are encouraging as they feel the relevance of the digital library to the current requirement of the students’ project and its potential to entrench information and resource study skills through project-based learning.

Abrizah Abdullah; A.N. Zainab

2008-01-01

234

Online Library Card Registration Enables Free Passage to Digital Gems  

Science.gov (United States)

The Contra Costa County Library is located within the greater San Francisco Bay Area. With 26 physical locations and a virtual branch, it has more than 400,000 cardholders and serves a population of almost 1 million. As part of developing a strategic plan to meet the needs of the public in the 21st century, the library hired a consultant to gather…

Butler, Lorrie Ann; Kantor-Horning, Susan

2007-01-01

235

[Primary care resources available in digital libraries in Spanish Autonomous Regions].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Statement by the Spanish Society of Family and Community Medicine (SemFYC) on access to scientific information, highlights the need for providing digital libraries with certain resources in Autonomous Regions. The primary goal is to study the evidence-based medicine (EBM) coverage that SemFYC recommends regional virtual libraries. The regional health virtual libraries were identified and the access provided to health professionals, Internet presence, remote access and resources were studied. The results suggest there is ample coverage in 8 Autonomous Regions. At the top of the list was, Health Sciences Virtual Library of Navarre, the Balearic Islands Health Sciences Virtual Library, and Virtual Library of the Andalusian Public Health System. The present study needs to be extended to the other biomedical sciences, in order to obtain more accurate results.

Juan-Quilis V

2013-03-01

236

The Impact of Digitization on Special Collections in Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Digitization benefits the users of special collections through increase in traditional use of materials, development of new avenues of research, and the appearance of new types of research using rare books and manuscripts. It challenges the relative value given to paper originals of rare materials as digital holdings increase. Special collections…

Hirtle, Peter B.

2002-01-01

237

Technology and research in a global Networked University Digital Library (NUDL)/ Technology and research in a global Networked University Digital Library (NUDL)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese As Bibliotecas Digitais (DLs) encerram sistemas extremamente complexos de informação que suportam a criação, gestão, distribuição e preservação de fontes complexas de informação, enquanto permitem uma interação eficaz e eficiente entre as diversas sociedades que se beneficiam do conteúdo e serviços da Biblioteca Digital. Neste trabalho, centralizamo-nos sobre nossa experiência defrontando desafios de construção, manutenção e desenvolvimento de uma Bibl (more) ioteca Digital Universitária em Rede (www.nudl.org), uma extensão da Biblioteca Digital em Rede de Teses e Dissertações (www.ndltd.org). NUDL é uma iniciativa de âmbito mundial que visa a tornar a propriedade intelectual produzida em universidades mais acesssível, estimulando a colaboração internacional entre todas as disciplinas. Damos os detalhados aspectos tecnológicos de nossas soluções e atividades de pesquisa realizados para proporcionar sólidos e enriquecidos serviços para as comunidades servidas por esta iniciativa. Abstract in english Digital Libraries (DLs) are extremely complex information systems that support the creation, management, distribution, and preservation of complex information resources, while allowing effective and efficient interaction among the several societies that benefit from DL content and services. In this paper, we focus on our experience facing challenges of building, maintaining, and developing the Networked University Digital Library (www.nudl.o (more) rg), an extension of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (www.ndltd.org). NUDL is a worldwide initiative that addresses making the intellectual property produced in universities more accessible, stimulating international collaboration across all disciplines. We detail technological aspects of our solutions and research activities carried out to provide powerful and enriched services for the communities served by this initiative.

Gonçalves, Marcos André; Fox, Edward A.

2001-12-01

238

Developing a Digital Video Library with the YouTube Data API  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available MSU Library has created a digital video library using the YouTube API to power our local library channel. It is a complete search and browse application with item level views, microdata, a caching and optimization routine, and a file backup routine. The article will discuss applying the YouTube API as a database application layer: workflow efficiencies, metadata procedures and local backup and optimization procedures. Code samples in PHP, .htaccess examples, and shell commands used in developing the application and routines will be explained at length. And finally, a complete prototype application will be released on github for other libraries to get started using the lessons learned. A live version of the application is here: http://www.lib.montana.edu/channel/. The real benefit of this method is the low overhead for smaller shops and the ability to scale production and distribution of digital video.

Jason Clark

2013-01-01

239

Integrating Interactive Visualizations in the Search Process of Digital Libraries and IR Systems  

CERN Document Server

Interactive visualizations for exploring and retrieval have not yet become an integral part of digital libraries and information retrieval systems. We have integrated a set of interactive graphics in a real world social science digital library. These visualizations support the exploration of search queries, results and authors, can filter search results, show trends in the database and can support the creation of new search queries. The use of weighted brushing supports the identification of related metadata for search facets. We discuss some use cases of the combination of IR systems and interactive graphics. In a user study we verify that users can gain insights from statistical graphics intuitively and can adopt interaction techniques.

Hienert, Daniel; Schaer, Philipp; Mayr, Philipp

2012-01-01

240

??????????Metadata????????? | Cataloging and Metadata Education in Taiwan Library and Information Science Programs/ Mei-Ling Wang  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????Metadata??????????????????????(1)??????????? ???????????(2)???????????????????????????(3)??Metadata???????????(4)???? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Metadata?????? ??Metadata??????????????????????????????????9?????????22??????????46???? ??6??????????????74 ????????8.2??????2?Metadata???The article mainly discusses organization of information as well as Metadata education in Taiwan. The paper presents finding of a survey on the state of cataloging and Metadata education in nine library and information science programs in Taiwan. The author sent questionnaires to nine library and information science programs, used web sites content analysis, and undertook in-depth interviews with faculties teaching organization of information courses. The survey showed there were seventy four courses on cataloging and Metadata provided, including twenty-two basic courses, forty six advanced courses, and six internet and digital information organizing courses. Among those courses, there were two Metadata courses provided by Fu-Jen Catholic University and Hsuang Chuang University. Metadata topics were well integrated into organization of information curriculum. Although educators agreed on the inclusion of specific knowledge and skills in Metadata instruction, they did not agree that it was necessary to provide Metadata courses. They also agreed that there were gaps between cataloging / Metadata education and library need for shortage of course credit hours. Some suggestions were proposed to assist education in providing students with competencies in cataloging and Metadata.???103-122

??? ?

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Final report on a pilot academic e-books project at Keio University Libraries : Potential for the scholarly use of digitized academic books  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the results and significance of a pilot academic e-books project carried out at the Keio University Libraries for fiscal 2010 to 2012 to assess the viability of a new model of the libraries providing all the campuses with accesses to Japanese academic books digitized jointly with academic publishers and cooperative firms. It focuses on the experimental use of digitized books, highlighting the students’ attitudes and expectations towards e-books as found from surveys. Some major findings include the following. Users have a strong demand for digitized readings that are rather lookup-oriented than learning-oriented, with greater value placed on the functionalities of federated full-text searching, reading on a screen, and accessing the desired chapter direct from table of contents. They also want an online space in which to manage different forms of digitized learning resources. We investigated the potential of e-books and new type of textbooks as educational infrastructures based on the results of experiment. Japan’s university libraries should need to engage actively in the mass digitization of academic books to be adaptive to the change in the ways research, study and teaching are conducted. We plan to start a joint experiment with other university libraries to develop a practical model for the use of e-books.

Shimada, Takashi

242

Digital Library Storage using iRODS Data Grids  

Science.gov (United States)

Digital repository software provides a powerful and flexible infrastructure for managing and delivering complex digital resources and metadata. However, issues can arise in managing the very large, distributed data files that may constitute these resources. This paper describes an implementation approach that combines the Fedora digital repository software with a storage layer implemented as a data grid, using the iRODS middleware developed by DICE (Data Intensive Cyber Environments) as the successor to SRB. This approach allows us to use Fedoras flexible architecture to manage the structure of resources and to provide application- layer services to users. The grid-based storage layer provides efficient support for managing and processing the underlying distributed data objects, which may be very large (e.g. audio-visual material). The Rule Engine built into iRODS is used to integrate complex workflows at the data level that need not be visible to users, e.g. digital preservation functionality.

Hedges, Mark; Blanke, Tobias; Hasan, Adil

243

Book Review: Digital preservation of cultural heritage collection: Among libraries of India and Iran: A comparative study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Digital libraries universally have emerged in two ways. One, they are born digital (also known as electronic resource). Two, they are converted to become digital-by scanning or other data capturing techniques –from printed, microform, manuscripts, etc.. The converted digital resources demand greater attention by decision makers with regards design, plan and implementation– i.e., in the process of preservation of cultural heritage collections. The book depicts both the types of digital collections, albeit in a limited way, viz., a) sample population for libraries based on heritage resources and level of digitization, and b) two developing countries.

Mohamed Taher

2012-01-01

244

The Seven Levels of Identification: An Overview of the Current State of Identifying Objects within Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This article aims to describe the state of the art of bibliographic identifiers used in digital libraries. Design/methodology/approach: A model with seven layers is used to define the scope of the identifiers that exist within the digital library field. Findings: Based on an analysis of the identifiers a conclusion is drawn that many new…

Hakala, Juha

2006-01-01

245

Simultaneous digital quantification and fluorescence-based size characterization of massively parallel sequencing libraries.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Due to the high cost of failed runs and suboptimal data yields, quantification and determination of fragment size range are crucial steps in the library preparation process for massively parallel sequencing (or next-generation sequencing). Current library quality control methods commonly involve quantification using real-time quantitative PCR and size determination using gel or capillary electrophoresis. These methods are laborious and subject to a number of significant limitations that can make library calibration unreliable. Herein, we propose and test an alternative method for quality control of sequencing libraries using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). By exploiting a correlation we have discovered between droplet fluorescence and amplicon size, we achieve the joint quantification and size determination of target DNA with a single ddPCR assay. We demonstrate the accuracy and precision of applying this method to the preparation of sequencing libraries.

Laurie MT; Bertout JA; Taylor SD; Burton JN; Shendure JA; Bielas JH

2013-08-01

246

Digital competence in the Norwegian teacher education and schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to examine how policy documents in Norway the last ten years have interpreted ICT and digital competence in teacher education and in school. Norway implemented in 2006 a new national curriculum which increased the status of digital competence to be the fifth basic skill in the Norwegian elementary school (stage 1-13). This was a historic event and never before has digital competence achieved such status in curricula, neither nationally nor internationally. The same has newly happened with the new General Plan for Teacher Education where digital competence has become the fifth basic skill in all subjects. However, both teacher educators and teachers lack sufficient digital competence to fulfil these ambiguous policy goals and therefore the article suggest how a model of digital competence can bridge some of the gap between the intentions in the policy documents and the teachers/teacher educators’ practise. At the same time the article attempts to elaborate our perception of the concept digital competence in an educational discourse and how one can define digital competence in light of a Scandinavian educational perspective. The research question in this article is: how can digital competence be defined and what are the foundations of digital competence in teacher education and schools in light of the policy documents in Norway?

Rune Johan Krumsvik

2011-01-01

247

Incontro SELL: un bilancio sulle digital libraries consortili dell’Europa meridionale  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Il 5 maggio 2006 si è tenuto a Salonicco, Grecia, il sesto incontro annuale di SELL (Southern European Libraries Link). I consorzi partecipanti all’iniziativa appartengono a Portogallo, Spagna, Italia, Grecia, Turchia. L’obiettivo principale dell’iniziativa è condividere esperienze e iniziative dei consorzi per superare la condizione di “gruppi d’acquisto” e offrire alle biblioteche aderenti servizi a valore aggiunto. I temi principali affrontati durante l’incontro 2006 sono stati: prestito interbibliotecario e copyright, politica europea sulle digital libraries e questioni amministrative per la gestione di un consorzio.The 6th annual SELL (Southern European Libraries Link) meeting took place on May the 5th 2006 in Thessaloniki, Greece. Countries belonging to SELL with their library consortia are: Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey. The overall aim of the meeting is to share similar experiences and efforts to develop consortia that go beyond the “buying club” status, offering additional services to their libraries. The main themes discussed during the 2006 meeting are: copyright and libraries, interlibrary loan, EU policy on digital libraries and administration issues.

Marta Plebani

2006-01-01

248

Das bibliotecas convencionais às digitais: diferenças e convergências/ From conventional to digital libraries: differences and convergences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Comentam-se as diferenças e convergências entre a biblioteca convencional e a digital, apontando quatro aspectos, a saber: 1) a organização da informação, mostrando que a biblioteca digital tem um potencial informacional que dificilmente terá sido alcançado pela biblioteca convencional: ela pode entregar a informação diretamente na mesa do usuário. Discute o futuro do catálogo da biblioteca em relação aos mecanismos de busca e aos projetos de digitalização (more) em massa; 2) o acesso à informação, mostrando que este é o momento de se iniciar uma integração das fontes e materiais eletrônicos nos acervos e serviços; 3) o aspecto econômico, mostrando que muitas bibliotecas procuram no ambiente externo aquelas fontes de informação que poderão ser úteis, digitalizam seus conteúdos e os colocam à disposição de sua comunidade; 4) as ações cooperativas, afirmando que houve um incremento das atividades de cooperação bibliotecária, não somente para reduzir os custos, mas também para facilitar a sobrevivência da biblioteca como instituição social. Conclui-se que o desafio da mudança é uma oportunidade de renovação para a biblioteca, fazendo com que ela continue a ser um espaço de prazer e aprendizado. Abstract in english The differences and convergences between traditional and digital libraries are discussed. Four aspects are analyzed in this paper, i.e.: 1) the organization of the information where it is shown that the digital library has an information power that will hardly be reached by the conventional library, as information can be directly delivered to the user's desk; the future of the library catalog is also discussed and compared to search engines and mass digitalization project (more) s; 2) the access to information, pointing the present as the right time to start the integration of sources and electronic materials into library collection and services; 3) economical aspects showing that many libraries try to obtain helpful information sources in the external environment, and digitalize their contents to make them available to its clientele; 4) cooperative actions, observing that library cooperation activities increased, not only to reduce costs but also to facilitate survival of the library as a social institution. Finally, the article points out that the challenge to change is a great opportunity for revitalization of the library, impelling it to continue to be a space for joy and learning.

Cunha, Murilo Bastos da

2008-04-01

249

Preparing the ground for the German Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Providing users with information and knowledge about cultural heritage objects has been a core business of libraries, museums, archives, and other institutions for centuries. Accessing the information, however, has always been limited to those who literally step through the portals of these elevated...

Stalmann, Kai; Borowski, Marion; Becker, Sven

250

Research libraries and the internet : On the transformative dynamic between institutions and digital media.  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

One of the megatrends to have a major impact on the development of digital media is the exponential growth of knowledge production since the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Digital media are developed to handle this growth; they facilitate the development of new forms of knowledge production, and opens up space for far-reaching transformations of the institutionalization of the overall system for knowledge production. This article focuses on some of the intricate interrelations between the role of media and research libraries for the overall knowledge production system. Section 1 present the general perspective and discuss early and main-frame based attempts to digitize library functions as defined within the traditional institutional framework developed around the printed text. Section two describe, the historical changes in the conceptualization of the computer – from an automatic machine in the mainframe era, to information technologies (IT and ICT) in the era of PCs and human computer interaction, and finally to digital media in the era of the vast array of internet-connected gadgets. IT is argued that conceptual history is also a history of change in path dependencies impacting the development of research libraries and that the computer due to the variable functional architecture is more open for ongoing projections of changing social and cultural needs than any formerly known medium. The third section discusses the future of research libraries as possible nodes in a networked world based on digitized and born digital knowledge resources, and changing relations between universities and related libraries and a variety of new players.

Finnemann, Niels Ole

2013-01-01

251

Leveraging on Easy Java Simulation tool and open source computer simulation library to create interactive digital media for mass customization of high school physics curriculum  

CERN Multimedia

This paper highlights the diverse possibilities in the rich community of educators from the Conceptual Learning of Science (CoLoS) and Open Source Physics (OSP) movement to engage, enable and empower educators and students, to create interactive digital media through computer modeling. This concept revolves around a paradigmatic shift towards participatory learning through immersive computer modeling, as opposed to using technology for information transmission. We aim to engage high school educators to professionally develop themselves by creating and customizing simulations possible through Easy Java Simulation (Ejs) and its learning community. Ejs allows educators to be designers of learning environments through modifying source codes of the simulation. Educators can conduct lessons with students' using these interactive digital simulations and rapidly enhance the simulation through changing the source codes personally. Ejs toolkit, its library of simulations and growing community contributed simulation cod...

Wee, Loo Kang

2012-01-01

252

METS as an 'Intermediary' Schema for a Digital Library of Complex Scientific Multimedia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The use of the Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) schema as a mechanism for delivering a digital library of complex scientific multimedia is examined as an alternative to the Fedora Content Model (FCM). Using METS as an 'intermediary' schema, where it functions as a template which is...

Gartner, Richard; King's College London

253

A geo-temporal information extraction service for processing descriptive metadata in digital libraries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the context of digital map libraries, resources are usually described according to metadata records that define the relevant subject, location, time-span, format and keywords. On what concerns locations and time-spans, metadata records are often incomplete or they provide information in a way tha...

Martins, Bruno; Manguinhas, H.; Borbinha, José; Siabato Vaca, Willington Libardo

254

Improving mood classification in music digital libraries by combining lyrics and audio  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Mood is an emerging metadata type and access point in music digital libraries (MDL) and online music repositories. In this study, we present a comprehensive investigation of the usefulness of lyrics in music mood classification by evaluating and comparing a wide range of lyric text features includin...

Hu, X; Downie, JS

255

Yahoo Works with Academic Libraries on a New Project to Digitize Books  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on the most recent search-engine company to join with academic libraries in digitizing large collections of books to make them easily searchable online. Yahoo Inc. has teamed up with the University of California system, the University of Toronto, and several archives and technology companies on a project that could potentially…

Carlson, Scott; Young, Jeffrey R.

2005-01-01

256

Las bibliotecas digitales.: Parte III. Evaluación Digital libraries: Part III. Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se ofrece una panorámica de las tendencias, modelos y procedimientos utilizados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales. Es un tema controvertido, con múltiples vertientes y una terminología en formación. En muchos casos, este tema se vincula con otro mucho más amplio aún, la evaluación de los recursos digitales en la red. Se presenta sintéticamente los resultados de la indagación en Internet sobre los aspectos considerados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales y la distinción entre la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales en general y de arte en particular.An overview of the tendencies, models and procedures used to evaluate digital libraries is presented. It is a quite controversial subject with many trends and a terminology under formation. In many cases, this subject is linked to a yet wider one; the evaluation of the digital resources in the web. The results of the Internet research on the evaluation of digital libraries are briefly dealt with, as well as the distinctions between the evaluation of digital libraries in general and that art libraries in particular

Ana Margarita Cabrera Facundo; Adrián Coutín Domínguez

2005-01-01

257

Library leadership: Innovative options for designing training programmes to build leadership competencies in the digital age  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Library leaders may not be fully equipped to deal with the demands and rigours of the digital age and its consumers. Theadvent of the internet, search engines and social media require a paradigm shift in the development of these leaders.Whilst much has been written about the required competencies, t...

Ann-Louise de Boer; Theo J.D. Bothma; Johan Olwagen

258

Safeguarding Copyrighted Contents: Digital Libraries and Intellectual Property Management. CWRU's Rights Management System.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes Case Western Reserve University's (CWRU's) digital library project that examines the networked delivery of full-text materials and high-quality images to provide students excellent supplemental instructional resources delivered directly to their dormitory rooms. Reviews intellectual property (IP) management requirements and describes…

Alrashid, Tareq M.; Barker, James A.; Christian, Brian S.; Cox, Steven C.; Rabne, Michael W.; Slotta, Elizabeth A.; Upthegrove, Luella R.

1998-01-01

259

Realizing and maintaining aggregative digital library systems: D-NET software toolkit and OAIster system  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aggregative Digital Library Systems (ADLSs) provide end users with web portals to operate over an information space of descriptive metadata records, collected and aggregated from a pool of possibly heterogeneous repositories. Due to the costs of software realization and system maintenance, existing ...

Manghi P.; Mikulicic M.; Candela L.; Castelli D.; Pagano P.

260

Preface to Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Very Large Digital Libraries (VLDL 2009)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The implementation of nowadays Digital Libraries is more demanding than in the past. Information consumers are facing with the need to access ever growing, heterogeneous, possibly federated Information Spaces while information providers are interested in satisfying such needs by sharing rich and org...

Ioannidis Y.; Manghi P.; Pagano P.

 
 
 
 
261

Las bibliotecas digitales.: Parte III. Evaluación/ Digital libraries: Part III. Evaluation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se ofrece una panorámica de las tendencias, modelos y procedimientos utilizados para la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales. Es un tema controvertido, con múltiples vertientes y una terminología en formación. En muchos casos, este tema se vincula con otro mucho más amplio aún, la evaluación de los recursos digitales en la red. Se presenta sintéticamente los resultados de la indagación en Internet sobre los aspectos considerados para la evaluación de las bib (more) liotecas digitales y la distinción entre la evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales en general y de arte en particular. Abstract in english An overview of the tendencies, models and procedures used to evaluate digital libraries is presented. It is a quite controversial subject with many trends and a terminology under formation. In many cases, this subject is linked to a yet wider one; the evaluation of the digital resources in the web. The results of the Internet research on the evaluation of digital libraries are briefly dealt with, as well as the distinctions between the evaluation of digital libraries in general and that art libraries in particular

Cabrera Facundo, Ana Margarita; Coutín Domínguez, Adrián

2005-10-01

262

Cooperation or Control? Web 2.0 and the Digital Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Web 2.0 trend has placed a renewed emphasis on interoperability and cooperation between systems and people. The digital libraries community is familiar with interoperability through technologies like OAI-PMH, but is disconnected from the general Web 2.0 community. This disconnect prevents the ...

Maslov, Alexey; Texas A&M University Libraries; Mikeal, Adam; Texas A&M University Libraries; Weimer, Katherine; Texas A&M University Libraries

263

Evidence of Communication among Public Librarians and Library and Information Science Educators in Public Library Journal Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a citation analysis of public library journal articles which shows that the public library literature functions as an interactive communication system between public librarians and library and information science educators. Prior research on communication in public librarianship, the role of journals, authorship, and citation patterns is…

Van Fleet, Connie

1993-01-01

264

Digital content sewed together within a library catalogue WebLib - The CERN Document Server  

CERN Multimedia

Aggregation, harvesting, personalization techniques, portals, service provision, etc. have all become buzzwords. Most of them simply describing what librarians have been doing for hundreds of years. Prior to the Web few people outside the libraries were concerned about these issues, a situation which today it is completely turned upside down. Hopefully the new actors on the arena of knowledge management will take full advantage of all the available "savoir faire". At CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, librarians and informaticians have set up a complete system, WebLib, actually based on the traditional library catalogue. Digital content is, within this framework, being integrated to the highest possible level in order to meet the strong requirements of the particle physics community. The paper gives an overview of the steps CERN has made towards the digital library from the day the laboratory conceived the World Wide Web to present.

Vigen, Jens

2002-01-01

265

Service Learning Linking Library Education and Practice  

CERN Multimedia

As concern grows over the relevance of a master’s degree to the professional work of librarianship, more and more schools will be looking to incorporate service learning into the student experience. “Service Learning” serves as the rare educational resource that will tie professional and formalized education together.

Roy, Loriene; Meyers, Alex Hershey

2009-01-01

266

Building the interspace: Digital library infrastructure for a University Engineering Community  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A large-scale digital library is being constructed and evaluated at the University of Illinois, with the goal of bringing professional search and display to Internet information services. A testbed planned to grow to 10K documents and 100K users is being constructed in the Grainger Engineering Library Information Center, as a joint effort of the University Library and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), with evaluation and research by the Graduate School of Library and Information Science and the Department of Computer Science. The electronic collection will be articles from engineering and science journals and magazines, obtained directly from publishers in SGML format and displayed containing all text, figures, tables, and equations. The publisher partners include IEEE Computer Society, AIAA (Aerospace Engineering), American Physical Society, and Wiley & Sons. The software will be based upon NCSA Mosaic as a network engine connected to commercial SGML displayers and full-text searchers. The users will include faculty/students across the midwestern universities in the Big Ten, with evaluations via interviews, surveys, and transaction logs. Concurrently, research into scaling the testbed is being conducted. This includes efforts in computer science, information science, library science, and information systems. These efforts will evaluate different semantic retrieval technologies, including automatic thesaurus and subject classification graphs. New architectures will be designed and implemented for a next generation digital library infrastructure, the Interspace, which supports interaction with information spread across information spaces within the Net.

Schatz, B.

1995-12-31

267

??????????????? ???????:???? The Development of Digital Learning Objects for a “Research Methods” Course in Library and Information Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????ADDIE?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????With the continued development of information and communication technologies, and an increased acceptance for new technological products, the digital learning environment has gradually matured. Governments worldwide have invested financial and human resources to create e-learning courses and develop e-learning materials for four purposes: 1) avoid duplicating the same curriculum, 2) increase learning options, 3) enrich the learning experience, and 4) support a society for lifelong learning. This study attempts to apply the ADDIE instructional design model, along with Rapid E-Learning tools, to develop learning objects for “Research Methods,” a common graduate course in the Library and Information Sciences department. The certification standards for e-learning materials, issued by the Ministry of Education, were adopted as the assessment tool to understand the learner’s attitude and preference regarding those learning objects. It is expected that the research outcome serve as a basis for formulating DLO design principles, and for better applying DLOs in the classroom environment.

Shan-Ju L. Chang; Ya-Hong Siao

2012-01-01

268

??????????????? ???????:???? The Development of Digital Learning Objects for a “Research Methods” Course in Library and Information Science  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????ADDIE?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????With the continued development of information and communication technologies, and an increased acceptance for new technological products, the digital learning environment has gradually matured. Governments worldwide have invested financial and human resources to create e-learning courses and develop e-learning materials for four purposes: 1) avoid duplicating the same curriculum, 2) increase learning options, 3) enrich the learning experience, and 4) support a society for lifelong learning. This study attempts to apply the ADDIE instructional design model, along with Rapid E-Learning tools, to develop learning objects for “Research Methods,” a common graduate course in the Library and Information Sciences department. The certification standards for e-learning materials, issued by the Ministry of Education, were adopted as the assessment tool to understand the learner’s attitude and preference regarding those learning objects. It is expected that the research outcome serve as a basis for formulating DLO design principles, and for better applying DLOs in the classroom environment.

Shan-Ju L. Chang; Ya-Hong Siao

269

ROLE OF LIBRARIES AND LIS PROFESSIONALS ON OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES IN MODERN INFORMATION ERA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In modern information era information technologies are rapidly change in all aspects. Now the digital resources are readily available from many sources and those contents are available by the teachers and learners through the internet. For that reason a movement aims to encourage and enable sharing content freely called Open Educational Resources. There are a number of libraries and library consortiums that have taken the forefoot in producing resources for all. Librarians, whose ranks are filled with specialists and experts in a variety of fields, can be contributors to the open educational commons by creating OERs themselves. India is becoming an active player not only in the open source software movement, but also in the Open Access (OA) movement and also the movement of Open Educational Resources. By this OERs and open educational movement the resourceful librarian with vision, who stays abreast and remains open to the changing trends in the educational world, who is knowledgeable of available resources both print and online, and who also gains experience with changing technologies, becomes an essential partner in the collaborative educational efforts of both instructor and student.

SAIKAT GOSWAMI; PAYEL BISWAS

2011-01-01

270

Elementary, Middle, and High School Students Vary in Frequency and Purpose When Using Online Digital References. A review of: Silverstein, Joanne. “Just Curious: Children’s Use of Digital Reference for Unimposed Queries and Its Importance in Informal Education.” Library Trends 54.2 (Fall 2005): 228?44.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To determine 1) how and with what frequency children use digital references to answer their own unimposed questions; 2) whether digital reference services support their self?initiated learning; 3) whether digital reference services support the transfer of student motivation and curiosity from the formal to the informal; and 4) what instructional and software designers should consider in creating tools that support learning.Design – Inductive analysis.Setting – Virtual Reference Desk’s (VRD) Learning Center (http://vrd.askvrd.org/) and the National Science Foundation’s (NSF)digital reference service (http://www.esteme.org) during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week (ESTEME), April 11?16, 2005.Subjects – Elementary (K?5), middle (6?8),and high school (9?12) students from the general public. One hundred fourteen questions were analyzed, however there is no indication of the number of different students who submitted the questions.Methods – This study was conducted using a pool of 600 questions from students, teachers, parents, and the general public that were submitted to two digital reference services intended for students. Three hundred experts in the fields of Math and Science volunteered to answer the submitted questions during Excellence in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Week. Because the digital services employed a pull?down menu to describe the user as a student, teacher, parent, etc., the questions could be narrowed to those submitted by students. The questions were also narrowed to those marked as “just curious” from a question purpose menu that contained categories including “written report,” “science fair project,” and “just curious.” A total of 114 unique questions from elementary, middle, and high school students were analyzed to determine the study objectives. The 114 questions were loaded into a qualitative software application (HyperResearch) for inductive analysis. Questions from students were coded as elementary, middle, or high school and only those questions derived from students’ self?initiated interests were analyzed.Main results – Analysis revealed that elementary students submitted a large portion of the questions. Middle school students asked the most questions, of which some questions were compound (more than one question in a given query). Older students submitted the least amount of questions. an unanticipated finding was that students’ grade levels correlated to the foci of their queries, which regarded “My Life,” “My Stuff,” “Other People,” “The World,”“The Universe,” or “Abstract Thought.” High school students were interested in the narrowest foci pertaining to their immediate circumstance rather than the larger topics of other people, the world, and the universe.T he majority of middle school students were interested in abstract concepts, and 45% of elementary school students’ queries were about how the world works. Although this study was not longitudinal, results suggest that student curiosity may shift over time. Results also indicated that younger children demonstrated interests outside the classroom that were related to formal learning previously introduced within the classroom. This carry over of interest declined in upper grades. Queries that were unimposed but related to an academic subject such as science or social studies were most evident in questions submitted by elementary students, while questions dealing more with career planning, health, death, and anxiety were most frequently addressed by middle school students. The findings also indicated that the use of digital reference services is at its highest in elementary school, peaks in middle school, and falls drastically in high school.Conclusion – 1) How and with what frequency do children use digital reference services to answer their own unimposed questions? The results of this study revealed a trend on the frequency and purpose of use of digital re

Julie Stephens

2006-01-01

271

Palace of the Governors Library and Archives Digital Collection  

Science.gov (United States)

With such an elegant title as Palace of the Governors, visitors will surely be impressed by this website from the New Mexico History Museum. The digital archives available on this site range from photographs to maps to documents and beyond. The About section on the homepage explains in great detail the holdings of the Collection, which covers 1850 to the present and "focuses on the history and people of New Mexico and the expansion of the West; anthropology, archaeology, and ethnology of Hispanic and Native American cultures; [and] Europe, Latin America, the Far East, Oceana, and the Middle East."

272

Central New York Library Resources Council CLRC Regional Digitization Plan. Final Report for the Preparing Central New York History for the Future LSTA Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary goal for digitization projects sponsored by the Central New York Library Resources Council (CLRC) is enhanced access for the people of the region to digital resources created from collections in Central New York's libraries, archives and museums. The CLRC Digitization Plan provides a framework for the support of digitization activities…

Sywetz, Betsy

273

Taking Care of Digital Collections and Data: ‘Curation’ and Organisational Choices for Research Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores the types of digital information research libraries typically deal with and what factors might influence libraries’ decisions to take on the work of data curation themselves, to take on the responsibility for data but market out the actual work, or to leave the responsibility to other organisations. The article introduces the issues dealt with in the LIBER Workshop ‘Curating Research’ to be held in The Hague on 17 April 2009 ( http://www.kb.nl/curatingresearch) and this corresponding issue of LIBER Quarterly.

Inge Angevaare

2008-01-01

274

A Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da Universidade de São Paulo/ The University of São Paulo Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Apresentação dos aspectos principais da Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da Universidade de São Paulo (USP): o processo de desenvolvimento adotado para a implementação do site, a tecnologia utilizada, a arquitetura e a funcionalidade. Discussão sobre a Biblioteca Digital no processo de pós-graduação da USP. Relato das várias decisões não-técnicas adotadas ao longo do projeto, que tiveram grande impacto no resultado final. Abstract in english The main aspects involved in the development of the digital library of theses and dissertations of the University of São Paulo (USP) are discussed: the process adopted to accomplish the objective, the technology used, and the digital library architecture and functionality. Two other aspects are also discussed: how the digital library is inserted in the whole USP graduation process and various non technical, crucial decisions taken throughout the development process.

Masiero, Paulo Cesar; Bremer, Carlos Frederico; Coletta, Teresinha das Graças; Lirani, Maria de Lourdes Rebucci; Kondo, Rogério Toshiaki; Aragão, Antonio C.; Mosconi, Elaine Paiva; Salem, Aziz Donizzetti Cavalheiro

2001-12-01

275

Situating Student Learning in Rich Contexts: A Constructionist Approach to Digital Archives Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective - This paper sought to determine whether a constructionist pedagogical approach to digital archives education could positively influence student perceptions of their learning. Constructionism is a learning theory that places students in the role of designers and emphasizes creating tangible artifacts in a social environment. This theory was used in the instructional design of the Digital Archive Creation Project (DACP), a major component of a digital archives course offered to students enrolled in a Master’s program in library science at Pratt Institute School of Library and Information Science.Methods - Participants were the 31 students enrolled in the DACP during the fall and spring semesters of 2010. They were surveyed as to their perceived learning outcomes as a result of their engagement with the DACP. Results - Results indicated that students perceived strong increases in their learning following their engagement in the DACP, particularly in terms of their skills, confidence, understanding of topics covered in other courses, and overall understanding. Factors that influenced these increases include the collaborative teamwork, the role of the facilitator or instructor, and individual effort.Conclusion - The project demonstrated that a constructionist pedagogical approach to digital archives education positively impacted students’ perceptions of their learning.

Anthony Cocciolo

2011-01-01

276

Metadata aggregation and "automated digital libraries": A retrospective on the NSDL experience  

CERN Multimedia

Over three years ago, the Core Integration team of the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) implemented a digital library based on metadata aggregation using Dublin Core and OAI-PMH. The initial expectation was that such low-barrier technologies would be relatively easy to automate and administer. While this architectural choice permitted rapid deployment of a production NSDL, our three years of experience have contradicted our original expectations of easy automation and low people cost. We have learned that alleged "low-barrier" standards are often harder to deploy than expected. In this paper we report on this experience and comment on the general cost, the functionality, and the ultimate effectiveness of this architecture.

Lagoze, C; Cornwell, T; Dushay, N; Eckstrom, D; Saylor, J; Lagoze, Carl; Krafft, Dean; Cornwell, Tim; Dushay, Naomi; Eckstrom, Dean; Saylor, John

2006-01-01

277

A Genetic Programming Framework for Topic Discovery from Online Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Various topic extraction techniques for digital libraries have been proposed over the past decade. Generally the topic extraction system requires a large number of features and complicated lexical analysis. While these features and analysis are effective to represent the statistical characteristics of the document, they didn't capture the high level semantics. In this paper, we present a new approach for topic extraction. Our approach combines user's click stream data with traditional lexical analysis. From our point of view, the user's click stream directly reflects human understanding of the high-level semantics in the document. Furthermore, a simple, yet effective, piece-wise linear model for topic evolution is proposed. We apply genetic algorithm to estimate the model and extract topics. Experiments on the set of US congress digital library documents demonstrate that our approach achieves better accuracy for the topic extraction than traditional methods.

Yinxing Li; Ning Li

2010-01-01

278

The Design of an Interactive Online Help Desk in the Alexandria Digital Library  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In large software systems such as digital libraries, electroniccommerce applications, and customer support systems, theuser interface and system are often complex and difficult tonavigate. It is necessary to provide users with interactive onlinesupport to help users learn how to effectively use theseapplications. Such online help facilities can include providingtutorials and animated demonstrations, synchronized activitiesbetween users and system supporting staff for realtime instruction and guidance, multimedia communicationwith support staff such as chat, voice, and shared whiteboards,and tools for quick identification of user problems.In this paper, we investigate how such interactive online helpsupport can be developed and provided in the context of aworking system, the Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) forgeospatially-referenced data. We developed an online helpsystem, AlexHelp!. AlexHelp! supports collaborative sessionsbetween the user and the librarian (support st...

Robert Prince; Jianwen Su; Hong Tang; Yonggang Zhao

279

The Design of an Interactive Online Help Desk in the Alexandria Digital Library  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In large software systems such as digital libraries, electronic commerce applications, and customer support systems, the user interface and system are often complex and difficult to navigate. It is necessary to provide users with interactive online support to help users learn how to effectively use these applications. Such online help facilities can include providing tutorials and animated demonstrations, synchronized activities between users and system supporting staff for real time instruction and guidance, multimedia communication with support staff such as chat, voice, and shared whiteboards, and tools for quick identification of user problems. In this paper, we investigate how such interactive online help support can be developed and provided in the context of a working system, the Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) for geospatially-referenced data. We developed an online help system, AlexHelp!. AlexHelp! supports collaborative sessions between the user and the librarian (support st...

Robert Prince; Jianwen Su; Hong Tang; Yonggang Zhao

280

Degrees of Digital Division: Reconsidering Digital Inequalities and Contemporary Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Whilst many authors are now confident to dismiss the notion of the digital divide, this paper argues that inequalities in ICT use in contemporary higher education are of growing rather than diminishing importance. In particular, it argues that there is an urgent need for the higher education community to develop more sophisticated understandings of the nature of the digital divisions that exist within current cohorts of university students - not least inequalities of ‘effective' use of ICT to access information and knowledge. With these thoughts in mind, the paper presents a review of recent research and theoretical work in the area of digital exclusion and the digital divide, and considers a number of reasons why digital exclusion remains a complex and entrenched social problem within populations of higher education students.

Neil Selwyn

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Descripción de la Biblioteca Digital ComPADRE Destinada a la Enseñanza y el Aprendizaje de la Física/ Description of the Digital Library ComPADRE Intended for the Teaching and Learning of Physics  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se analizan los proyectos digitales para la educación científica y se hace una presentación y descripción detallada de los servicios prestados por ComPADRE, una biblioteca digital para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la Física. ComPADRE (sigla de Communities of Physics and Astronomy Digital Resources in Education) comenzó en 1997 cuando la Asociación Americana de Profesores de Física construyó el Centro de Recursos de Ciencias Físicas, estableciendo desde ento (more) nces activa colaboración con varias importantes sociedades científicas del mundo de la física. Del estudio y análisis se concluye que uno de los grandes atributos de ComPADRE es que los educadores pueden encontrar en un solo lugar una enorme cantidad de recursos educativos que han pasado por un cuidadoso proceso de selección. Abstract in english The use of digital resources in scientific education is discussed and a detailed description of the services of ComPADRE, a digital library created for the teaching and learning of physics is presented. ComPADRE (abbreviation of Communities of Physics and Astronomy Digital Resources in Education) started in 1997 when the American Association of Physics Teachers founded the Physical Sciences Resource Center establishing since then active collaboration with several importan (more) t scientific societies of the physics world. From the study and analysis it is concluded that one of the greatest attributes of ComPADRE is that educators can find in a single place a great amount of teaching resources that have been carefully selected.

Osorio, Nestor L

2012-01-01

282

Development of digital library system on regulatory documents for nuclear power plants  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main objective of this study is to establish nuclear regulatory document retrieval system based on internet. With the advancement of internet and information processing technology, information management patterns are going through a new paradigm. Getting along the current of the time, it is general tendency to transfer paper-type documents into electronic-type documents through document scanning and indexing. This system consists of nuclear regulatory documents, nuclear safety documents, digital library, and information system with index and full text.

2001-01-01

283

Does it matter where we test? : Online user studies in digital libraries in natural environments  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

User studies in digital libraries face two fundamental challenges. The first is the necessity of running more user studies in an online environment. Users can access digital library collections and services worldwide and the services should be usable at any time. This need for more online studies is coupled with a second need, a demand to test under realistic conditions outside of laboratories in users’ natural environment. Asynchronous remote usability tests are a methodological approach that might answer both needs: they allow participants to take part in a study at a time and place of their choice, often in the participants’ natural environment. Any chosen place, however, might be noisy. Distractions are ubiquitous in a user’s natural environment. An awareness of the potential influences of distractions on users’ behavior during test situations is of great importance, because the validity of a study depends on the quality of the data. If an instrument allows systematic mistakes in measurements because of distractions, the validity is at risk. This dissertation examined if distraction in the users’ natural environment produces a systematic mistake in digital library studies that take place at a time and location of participants’ choice. In order to investigate the existence of distractions during online user studies in digital libraries and to analyze the influence(s) of that distraction, a psychological experiment was set up. It ex¬amined completion time scores between participants in a laboratory and participants in their natural environment. The results of the experiment showed that participants were highly distracted and that participants in their natural environment needed more time to complete the same test. The setting did not affect successful task completions, the participants’ judgments of sites or their decision-making processes. This work can conclude that it does not matter where we test, but it matters what happens during the test.

Greifeneder, Elke

2012-01-01

284

Application of a Sign Language Synthesis System in Digital Library Services  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Information Accessibility for disabled people is one of the most important design criteria for the China National Digital Library (CNDL) development. Sign language synthesis systems are effective to provide information services for people with hearing and speech impairments. This paper presents a framework of a sign language synthesis system application in CNDL, as well as discusses the relevant technologies applied in the system. CNDL has been a real practice area for the sign language synthesis research.

Jing WAN; Bin WU; Yingxin QIAO

2009-01-01

285

From Laptops to Competences: Bridging the Digital Divide in Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Most of the existing literature that deals with the digital divide in the educational system focuses either on schools or universities, but rarely do we see a vertical approach where the system is considered as a whole. In this paper we relate initiatives that aim to bridge the digital divide in the current situation in higher education. We discuss why policies that focus on infrastructures (e.g. laptops) are not the answer, as they mostly leave digital competences unattended, leading to (or not helping to amend) the digital void in universities in matters of skills. We end by proposing a general framework to define digital skills so that they are included in syllabuses at all stages of the educational path.

Ismael Peña-López

2010-01-01

286

Accreditation and Standards of Library and Information Science Education in the United States  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Accreditation is the main means to maintain good quality of library and information science education in the United States. Standards for accreditation are used to evaluate master’s programs in library and information science. This article mainly discusses accreditation and standards of library and information science education in the United States. Firstly, it reviews present state of library and information science schools in the United States. Then, it explores meanings, functions, history, as well as procedures of accreditation for library and information science education. Finally, it studies the “Standards for Accreditation of Master‘s Programs in Library & Information Studies 1992 “.[Article content in Chinese

Mei-Ling Wang

2000-01-01

287

Educating Knowledge Professionals in Library and Information Science Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM) is a multidisciplinary subject which involves efforts from professionals with diverse backgrounds. This paper aims to investigate the needed educational background and skills for knowledge management professionals. In particular,the focus of the paper is to examine whether a master’s degree in library and information science (LIS) is a preferred educational background listed in KM-related job postings. In addition, the preferred skills and knowledge required by KM employers are analyzed to reveal the association with graduate courses in library and information science. Job postings were collected from various sources during a specific timeframe. Content analysis was used to discover the kinds of backgrounds, skills, and knowledge that are expected from the employers. By examining both KM literature and the job postings, it is agreed that a certain set of skills can be taught and essential knowledge can be obtained through the LIS curriculum.

Ling-Ling Lai

2005-01-01

288

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law. Updated July 6, 2009.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display 'snippets' of print books in the collections of f...

K. M. Manuel

2009-01-01

289

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law (November 27, 2009).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display snippets of print books in the collections of fiv...

K. M. Manuel

2009-01-01

290

Google Library Project: Is Digitization for Purposes of Online Indexing Fair Use Under Copyright Law. Updated November 27, 2009.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Google Book Search Library Project, announced in December 2004, raised important questions about infringing reproduction and fair use under copyright law. Google planned to digitize, index, and display 'snippets' of print books in the collections of f...

K. M. Manuel

2009-01-01

291

Monograph 'Digital Culture and Creative Practices in Education'  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The articles included in the monograph "Digital culture and creative practice in education" analyse the impact digital technology and the Internet are having on education, which is understood as a process based on knowledge, communication and social interaction. Teachers and students alike have been drastically transformed by the emergence of the digital culture, prompting the need for change in the role and organisation of educational institutions. More specifically, the Web 2.0 has given rise to creative and collaborative practises that favour a form of learning based on problem solving and "do-it-yourself" educational strategies. These experiences sometimes occur in the periphery of formal education. At the same time, educational technologies themselves have evolved in line with cultural changes, from centralised, closed models to open systems based on "cloud computing".

Juan Freire

2009-01-01

292

Library leadership: Innovative options for designing training programmes to build leadership competencies in the digital age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Library leaders may not be fully equipped to deal with the demands and rigours of the digital age and its consumers. Theadvent of the internet, search engines and social media require a paradigm shift in the development of these leaders.Whilst much has been written about the required competencies, there seems to be no clear guiding principle on how thedevelopment should take place. The authors propose that the development of library leaders is a process, best illustratedthrough movement through Drotter’s Leadership Pipeline. The importance of thinking preferences, based on Herrmann’sWhole Brain Model, is highlighted and it is shown how these often clog development through this Pipeline. Utilising datafrom the Herrmann Brain Dominance Instrument (HBDI) assessments of the 120 participants in six of the Centre forAfrican Library Leadership (CALL) development programmes, the authors show how the thinking preferences of theselibrary leaders could enable or detract from their readiness to develop the appropriate competencies in the digital age.Recommendations are made on how best to overcome this to prepare library leaders to deal with the requirements of thedigital age consumer.

Ann-Louise de Boer; Theo J.D. Bothma; Johan Olwagen

2013-01-01

293

digital-earth.eu: a European network for Digital Earth education  

Science.gov (United States)

European school education has so far, by and large, ignored geospatial developments like remote sensing, despite the fact that geo-technology has already become a significant employer. There are small pockets of intense activity, the challenge is to scale these developments up. This article reports on networking initiatives developed by the digital-earth.eu project to connect organisations involved in geospatial education like remote sensing, to share practice, provide advice and guidance on the use of geographic information to others and be a place for new initiatives. The digital-earth.eu network project raises awareness of the role of digital earth education, informing politicians of the significance of digital earth tools and technologies. digital-earth.eu also establishes a teacher support network infrastructure which incorporates geo-services for teachers such as the use of ArcGIS Online for Organisations and the European Environment Agency EyeonEarth platform. The project has made recommendation concerning the growing shortage of a geospatial workforce in Europe, the significance of open data and the usability of EU INSPIRE Directive. It suggests that Digital Earth education and training developments are urgently needed as part of the European Qualifications Framework. European policy makers have to be made much more aware of geospatial concepts and then actively encouraged by stakeholders to respond to them in policy terms through developing a "Digital Earth education for all".

Donert, K.

2013-08-01

294

The Library’s Quality Management System and Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Lesson from Southeast Emerging Educational Hub  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As one of the national vision 2020’s implementation programs, the establishment of a national Quality Assurance system focusing on the quality of the programs offered in terms of the general criteria of the structure and process of higher education is timely. In relating to the program, this paper aims to explore the efforts and other issues associated with the development and implementation of quality assurance in higher education due to its role as a service organization, which is required to enhance their quality of services. One of the important pillars determining the quality of higher-education service delivery is the library’s quality management system. By using 46 public universities’ libraries as the main sample, this study tested three hypotheses that are related to the nature of quality management practices by individual construct, as well as by aggregation value, and to what extent the difference to the numbers of staff and the type of organization will influence the quality management practices. We employed mean value and one-way analysis ANOVA as the research method to solve the questions. The validity of the constructs is measured using factor analysis, and its reliability is measured by Cronbach’s alpha. Our study results revealed that the study sample perceived those constructs were important to maintain service quality to its customer. The study also informs that the number of staff and the type of organization do not influence at all on the library’s quality management system. In other words, the awareness and spirit to play an important role in achieving excellent service to its customer is the main platform over the number of staff and the type of organization.

Che Azlan Taib; Ari Warokka; Haim Hilman

2012-01-01

295

Ampliaciones de una Mediateca Digital de Muestras de Laboratorio Histopatológico/ Extensions of a Digital Library of Laboratory Samples Histopathology  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El objetivo general de acción de este proyecto es ampliar una mediateca digital consistente en imágenes de muestras histopatológicas obtenidas en la 2da. Cátedra de Biología Celular, Histología y Embriología de la Facultad de Ciencias Medicas Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. Se proponen tres líneas de trabajo principales: 1- integración de imágenes y documentos científicos (abstract de artículos) mediante el uso de términos ontológicos, 2- articu (more) lación del listado de imágenes y documentos científicos con herramientas de acceso a la información multimedia (imágenes y texto), 3- incorporación de una traducción simi-automática ingles-español usando herramientas libres de traducción automática de lengua origen castellano a lengua de origen ingles. Creemos que la asociación de diferentes herramientas de gestión del conocimiento permitirán ampliar una mediateca digital de muestras de laboratorio correspondientes a resultados de nuestros de trabajos de investigación subsidiados por organismos oficiales. También para que los contenidos de este proyecto estén disponibles para un amplio usuario de las Ciencias de la Salud con diferentes niveles de alfabetización funcional. Por último nuestro proyecto permitirá la inclusión de profesionales de la Escuela de Bibliotecología y de la Facultad de Lenguas de nuestra Universidad Pública. Abstract in english The overall objective of action of this project is to expand a digital media library consisting of images of histopathological samples obtained in the second department of Cell Biology, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, National University of Cordoba, Argentina. We suggests three lines of work: 1 - integration of images and scientific papers (abstract of articles) by using ontological terms, 2 - joint list of images and scientific papers with tools to (more) access multimedia information (pictures and text ), 3 - incorporation of automatic translation English-Spanish using free software tools. We believe that the combination of different knowledge management tools allows expanding a digital media library of samples for laboratory results of our research work subsidized by government agencies. Also for the contents of this project to be available for any user of the Health Sciences with different levels of functional literacy. Finally our project will enable the inclusion of professionals from the School of Library and the Faculty of Languages of our public universities.

Ávila, Rodolfo Esteban; Alemany, Laura Alonso I; Samar, María Elena; Buzzetti, Luisa Beatriz; Juri, Gustavo; Juri, Hugo Oscar

2010-09-01

296

Creating new library services through collaboration with resident groups : Aimimg at human resource development and information literacy education in ways only libraries can do : Study on activities of an NPO called Ueda Library Club  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating new library services through collaboration with resident groups : Aimimg at human resource development and information literacy education in ways only libraries can do : Study on activities of an NPO called Ueda Library Club

Morita, Utako

297

What educators should know about teaching digital storytelling  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, the authors present some of the most important lessons they havelearned from teaching courses, conducting workshops, writing articles, andsupervising graduate student research on the educational uses of digitalstorytelling. The guidelines described here are categorized within the ADDIEinstructional design framework and are presented as starting points thateducators should consider when they begin to integrate digital storytelling in theirclassrooms. The guidelines provide useful information that will help educatorsteach students all phases of the digital storytelling process, including analysis,design, development, implementation and evaluation of digital storytellingprojects that focus on educationally meaningful topics.

Bernard R. Robin; Sara G. McNeil

2012-01-01

298

THE ROLE OF ELECTRONIC LIBRARIES IN GETTING HIGHER EDUCATION FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article investigates the role of electronic libraries (e-libraries) in education for people with disabilities. There is determined the problems of highlighted part of society and recommendations concerning use of e-libraries are submitted. Libraries' electronic resources are examined. It was emphasized that big and accessible national e-libraries creation will contribute to effective information usage and that would effect positively on level of science, technique and culture development as well as allow improving education system.. E-libraries give an opportunity to work with a present-day electronic education resources in a free access order. Much more people will be assisted in getting a higher education. It was defined that e-libraries in particular are the important resource for getting teaching and rare literature which is necessary for acquiring of any profession and also for getting higher education for people with disabilities.? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????????. ????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????????? ???? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????. ?????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ???????. ??????????, ?? ????, ?? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??????????, ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????, ???????, ???????? ? ????????? ????????? ??????? ??????. ?????????? ??????????, ?? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????? ???????? ???????, ??????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????????. ?????????, ?? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????? ??????????, ?????????? ??? ???????? ?? ????-???? ????????????? ? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ? ?????????? ?????????.

?.?. ????????????

2010-01-01

299

?????An Overview of the Google Books Project and Other Digitization Initiatives: Implications for Libraries?Rosemary Spellman, Robert P. Holley  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper analyzes the effects of Google Books upon collection development efforts in academic libraries. Other mass digitization projects are also briefly discussed. The focus is on the hurdles that these projects face such as copyright questions, long-term technological planning, and continuing permanent funding. The authors also examine the role of digitization projects as a form of preservation and/or conservation. Finally, the paper looks at the culture of libraries, how use of library materials may change as a result of these projects, gives some ideas of how the public will want to access information, and presents some thoughts about how libraries can maintain their relevance even as the public has access to a wealth of digital resources. ?????Google Books ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???18-30

Rosemary Spellman Rosemary Spellman; Robert P. Holley Robert P. Holley

2011-01-01

300

Library e-induction: alleviating anxiety with digital doughnuts: a case study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This case study will explore some innovative methods of library induction at a higher education library in the UK, Southampton Solent University, looking particularly at e-induction and alternative approaches to the management of library anxiety.The induction programme includes features that are modular, interactive and - most particularly - student centred. They cater for a variety of preferences, including video, audio, text based and multi-media options. The variety of approaches taken by the Library’s blended induction package will be demonstrated. From the standard type of induction such as physical, virtual, self-guided and audio tours, to the perhaps ‘less usual’ including an alternative library with roof garden and doughnut machine.We will reflect on how all these approaches have worked together to assist new library users make the step up to this part of their information literate lives. In particular we would wish to differentiate between options appropriate to the induction stage, at which students are overcoming initial emotional barriers created by anxiety, and later stages when they are more receptive to, and better able to benefit from, in-depth e-literacy training. How this fits into the wider University “spiral induction programme” - a recently introduced system of spreading university induction over a number of weeks rather than cramming everything into a few hectic days - will also be considered.In addition we will explore possible further research avenues such as ‘the doughnut line’ (a statistical measure) and a game based interactive learning experience designed to help overcome library anxiety.

Timothy Collinson; Alison Williams

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

The bibliometrical analysis of publications on school libraries in library and education serials in the years 1945 – 1999  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The bibliometrical analysis of publications on school libraries in library and education serials in the years 1945 – 1999 considers 739 bibliographical units. All written records on school libraries are included, as well as those which deal with the topic of school libraries and those whose topic includes other areas, such as librarianship and education system. 511 (69.15%) articles, which are taken into consideration deal with school libraries, 110 (14.88%) of them have citations. The results show that school librarianship is relatively young and is still in the process of development. This is confirmed by the following: low number of scientific articles (3 or 0.40%), low number of articles with citations (110 or 21.25%), low number of citations per article, high number of citations in monographies (393 or 48.8% of all citations).

Franceska Žumer; Primož Južni?

2001-01-01

302

???????????????????????? | The Application of Web-based Distance Education in Library??National Central Library's E-Learning Campus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???65-73?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? (http://cu.ncl.edu.tw ) ???????????????????????????????????????????????It remains constant challenges for the application of new information technology in libraries. The challenges also provide the opportunities for the library development. The advent of web-based online learning has revitalized the concept of distance education. This innovation provides the multimedia learning environments with online interaction capabilities. As a result, the web-based distance learning impacts enormously on the library’s traditional methods of providing service. It affects all types of libraries committed to being gateways to lifelong learning. This paper mainly discusses how the National Central Library has explored and utilized the web-based distance learning technology to implement the “E-Learning Campus” since 2000. This Campus is aimed to provide the free distance learning courses to all the users who have access to the Internet andthe World Wide Web.

??? Bau-Mei Cheng

2003-01-01

303

LDL (Landscape Digital Library) a Digital Photographic Database of a Case Study Area in the River Po Valley, Northern Italy  

CERN Document Server

Landscapes are both a synthesis and an expression of national, regional and local cultural heritages. It is therefore very important to develop techniques aimed at cataloguing and archiving their forms. This paper discusses the LDL (Landscape Digital Library) project, a Web accessible database that can present the landscapes of a territory with documentary evidence in a new format and from a new perspective. The method was tested in a case study area of the river Po valley (Northern Italy). The LDL is based on a collection of photographs taken following a systematic grid of survey points identified through topographic cartography; the camera level is that of the human eye. This methodology leads to an innovative landscape archive that differs from surveys carried out through aerial photographs or campaigns aimed at selecting "relevant" points of interest. Further developments and possible uses of the LDL are also discussed.

Papotti, D

2001-01-01

304

??????????????????????????????? | The User's Attitudes Towards Real-time Digital Reference in Academic Libraries / Shiao-Feng Su  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????Through questionnaire survey and in-depth interviews, the study investigated the desired features, marketing strategies, and policies of real-time digital reference services from students’ perspectives. The project was executed in two phases using different research methods: in-depth interviews were conducted during the questionnaire development phase, questionnaire survey was used in the large scale survey of users’ attitudes. The survey results reflected the actual habits, need, and attitudes of current and potential users. Further analyses revealed the differences of need and attitudes of students of various majors and backgrounds. The findings could help academic libraries better serve and effectively attract target users.???48-63

??? ?

2007-01-01

305

High-throughput characterization of film thickness in thin film materials libraries by digital holographic microscopy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A high-throughput characterization technique based on digital holography for mapping film thickness in thin-film materials libraries was developed. Digital holographic microscopy is used for fully automatic measurements of the thickness of patterned films with nanometer resolution. The method has several significant advantages over conventional stylus profilometry: it is contactless and fast, substrate bending is compensated, and the experimental setup is simple. Patterned films prepared by different combinatorial thin-film approaches were characterized to investigate and demonstrate this method. The results show that this technique is valuable for the quick, reliable and high-throughput determination of the film thickness distribution in combinatorial materials research. Importantly, it can also be applied to thin films that have been structured by shadow masking.

2011-01-01

306

High-throughput characterization of film thickness in thin film materials libraries by digital holographic microscopy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A high-throughput characterization technique based on digital holography for mapping film thickness in thin-film materials libraries was developed. Digital holographic microscopy is used for fully automatic measurements of the thickness of patterned films with nanometer resolution. The method has several significant advantages over conventional stylus profilometry: it is contactless and fast, substrate bending is compensated, and the experimental setup is simple. Patterned films prepared by different combinatorial thin-film approaches were characterized to investigate and demonstrate this method. The results show that this technique is valuable for the quick, reliable and high-throughput determination of the film thickness distribution in combinatorial materials research. Importantly, it can also be applied to thin films that have been structured by shadow masking.

Lai Yiuwai; Hofmann, Martin R; Ludwig, Alfred [Research Department ' Integrity of Small-Scale Systems/High-Temperature Materials' , Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44780 Bochum (Germany); Krause, Michael; Savan, Alan; Thienhaus, Sigurd [Institute for Materials, Chair for Materials for Microsystems, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44780 Bochum (Germany); Koukourakis, Nektarios, E-mail: alfred.ludwig@rub.de [Photonics and Terahertz Technology, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44780 Bochum (Germany)

2011-10-15

307

Leveraging EAD for Low-Cost Access to Digitized Content at the University of Alabama Libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As funding shrinks and researcher demand for online access to primary source materials grows, many institutions seek the most cost-effective method of digitization, online delivery, and long-term access. One method of reducing costs is to leverage existing Encoded Archival Description (EAD) finding aids for search and retrieval, rather than creating item-level descriptions for digitized content. This provides Web access to manuscript materials while still providing context to the user. This article describes the Septimus D. Cabaniss Papers project at the University of Alabama Libraries which seeks to recreate the patron experience in the reading room via the Web. This project tested a model for lowering the costs of Web delivery of large collections using folder level descriptions.

Jody L DeRidder

2011-01-01

308

DESIGNING OF ELECTRONIC LIBRARIES SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF APS OF UKRAINE ???????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the article the concept of electronic library is considered, preconditions of its designing for the institutions of APS of Ukraine are investigated. The basic components, base services of electronic library and kinds of corresponding resources are defined. It is proved typical decisions for working out of electronic scientifically-educational library of APS of Ukraine.? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????, ?????????? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????. ????????? ??????? ??????????, ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??????????? ????????. ???????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ???????-????????? ?????????? ??? ???????.

O.?. ??????; ?.?. ????; ?.?. ??????????; ?.?. ?????????

2010-01-01

309

WEB-BASED LIBRARY CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES LEARNING ENVIRONMENT FOR LIS EDUCATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study highlights on Web-Based Library Classification Schemes in this paper. Web-basedmode of teaching is gradually evolving as an important component of LIS education in India. Library Classification Schemes are extremely helpful to classify books which are important portion for study in LIS education. They use as a tool to classify universe of knowledge. The study deals with Online Accessible Library Classification Schemes especially ‘WebDewey’ (Online product of DDC 22nd ed.) and ‘UDC Online’ (UDC) in the paper. These are constantly updated Library Classification schemes. This study mainly describes Library Classification, Web-based learning, Impact of Web on Library Classification Schemes, Objectives of Webbased Library Classification Schemes, Web-Based Library Classification Schemes- WebDewey, UDC Online.

Miss. Pranali B. Gedam; Dr. Ashwini Paradkar

2012-01-01

310

Non-Print Media Storage, Retrieval and Display--Systems for Libraries and Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a summary of the current state of the art in nonprint information systems, as well as an overview of potential developments with emphasis on educational applications. While most libraries and educational institutions today have become ...

W. M. Ducker

1977-01-01

311

The Role of the Public Library in Non-Traditional Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The historical and contemporary involvement of the public library in non-traditional education is presented with the focus on adult basic education. Although most of the programs cited are in the United States, frequent references are made to internationa...

S. Klingberg

1978-01-01

312

Lunar and Meteorite Sample Education Disk Program — Space Rocks for Classrooms, Museums, Science Centers, and Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

NASA’s Lunar and Meteorite Sample Education Disk Program has Lucite disks containing Apollo lunar samples and meteorite samples that are available for trained educators to borrow for use in classrooms, museums, science center, and libraries.

Allen, J.; Luckey, M.; McInturff, B.; Huynh, P.; Tobola, K.; Loftin, L.

2010-03-01

313

gLibrary/DRI: A grid-based platform to host multiple repositories for digital content  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this work we present the gLibrary/DRI (Digital Repositories Infrastructure) platform. gLibrary/DRI extends gLibrary, a system with a easy-to-use web front-end designed to save and organize multimedia assets on Grid-based storage resources. The main goal of the extended platform is to reduce the cost in terms of time and effort that a repository provider spends to get its repository deployed. This is achieved by providing a common infrastructure and a set of mechanisms (APIs and specifications) that the repository providers use to define the data model, the access to the content (by navigation trees and filters) and the storage model. DRI offers a generic way to provide all this functionality; nevertheless the providers can add specific behaviours to the default functions for their repositories. The architecture is Grid based (VO system, data federation and distribution, computing power, etc). A working example based on a mammograms repository is also presented. (Author)

2007-01-01

314

gLibrary/DRI: A grid-based platform to host multiple repositories for digital content  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this work we present the gLibrary/DRI (Digital Repositories Infrastructure) platform. gLibrary/DRI extends gLibrary, a system with a easy-to-use web front-end designed to save and organize multimedia assets on Grid-based storage resources. The main goal of the extended platform is to reduce the cost in terms of time and effort that a repository provider spends to get its repository deployed. This is achieved by providing a common infrastructure and a set of mechanisms (APIs and specifications) that the repository providers use to define the data model, the access to the content (by navigation trees and filters) and the storage model. DRI offers a generic way to provide all this functionality; nevertheless the providers can add specific behaviours to the default functions for their repositories. The architecture is Grid based (VO system, data federation and distribution, computing power, etc). A working example based on a mammograms repository is also presented. (Author)

Calanducci, A.; Gonzalez Martin, J. M.; Ramos Pollan, R.; Rubio del Solar, M.; Tcaci, S.

2007-07-01

315

A formação de educadores na era digital/Formation of educators in the digital age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Com o advento das tecnologias de comunicação e informação, vivemos na chamada “era digital”, e como não poderia deixar de ser, a educação faz parte desse novo cenário social. Existem inúmeras razões para a educação ser um referencial nesse novo paradigma, voltada para a formação de cidadãos capazes de integrarem-se à era digital, cujo princípio está embasado na capacidade intelectual de usar a informação transformando-a em conhecimento. Contudo, as políticas públicas voltadas para a formação de educadores na área tecnológica, não têm colaborado de forma efetiva para que estes se apropriem desses novos conhecimentos. As reflexões aqui apresentadas, pretendem enfocar a era digital e suas implicações para os educadores, destacando-se a importância da informação e do conhecimento como mediadores do processo de inovação e desenvolvimento social. Assim este artigo, sem intencionar o esgotamento do assunto, busca apresentar um breve panorama da tecnologia educacional no Brasil, suas perspectivas e possibilidades. With the advent of the technologies of communication and information, we live the called "digital age", and as it could not leave of being, the education is part of this new social scene. Innumerable reasons exist it education to be a referencial in this new paradigm, come back toward the formation of citizens capable to combine it the digital age, whose principle is based in the intellectual capacity to use the information transforming it into knowledge. However, the public politics directed toward the formation of educators in the technological area, have not collaborated of form accomplish so that these if appropriate of these new knowledge. The reflections presented here, intend to focus the digital age and its implications for the educators, being distinguished it importance of the information and the knowledge as mediating of the innovation process and social development. Thus this article, without intencionar the exhaustion of the subject, searchs to present a brief panorama of the educational technology in Brazil, its perspectives and possibilities.

Luciane Ribeiro Vilela

2007-01-01

316

The Education and Competencies of School Library Media Specialists: A Review of the Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reviews literature related to competencies and the role of school library media specialists. Highlights include the instructional or curricular role; interpersonal and communication skills; leadership and change agents; continuing education and professional development; and future possibilities for school library media education

Shannon, Donna

2002-01-01

317

The Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE): Past, Present, Future  

Science.gov (United States)

|The Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) is now over 90 years old. Recently recommitted to a focus on research in library and information science teaching and pedagogy, and support for educators in the field, ALISE serves its members with a range of publications, awards, and services. Membership is strong and…

Julien, Heidi

2007-01-01

318

INFORMATIVE SPACE OF UKRAINE: THE ROLE OF THE EDUCATIVE LIBRARIES IN ITS FORMATION ????????????? ??????? ???????: ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ???? ??????????  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There are considered the main approaches of activity of V.O. Sukhomlynskiy State Scientific Pedagogical Library of Ukraine and networks of educative libraries of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine as well as the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine on creating of state informativ...

?.?. ??????; ?.?. ?????????

319

The Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE): Past, Present, Future  

Science.gov (United States)

The Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) is now over 90 years old. Recently recommitted to a focus on research in library and information science teaching and pedagogy, and support for educators in the field, ALISE serves its members with a range of publications, awards, and services. Membership is strong and…

Julien, Heidi

2007-01-01

320

??LEEP????????? | Distance Education in the Education of Library and Information Science?An Introduction of LEEP  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???29-37???????????????????????????????????LEEP3??????????????????????????????????????This article describes the nature of teaching and tools of an internet-based distance education program, LEEP3, which has offered by the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign since 1996. Each LEEP3 course has four components: a syllabus, an archive, a bulletin board and the live session. Tools used for instruction can be categorized as asynchronous and synchronous. In live sessions, students and teacher are teaching and learning synchronously in a virtual classroom at same time in different places. Synchronous tools include audio transmission, text-chat and slides/web site navigation. Asynchronous tools include electronic mail, web boards and web pages. The implications of online education for future education of library and information science are also discussed.

??? Ming- Yueh Tsay

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

DIGITAL GAME AS A NEW MEDIA AND USE OF DIGITAL GAME IN EDUCATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Transfer of information is trying to stay alive with the language but it is also supported and developed by the discovery of calligraphy. The development of technology in writing, keep records of information systematically. The discovery of electricity was opened in front of the electromagnetic discoveries and sharing of knowledge gained momentum over the channels. According to Huizinga game "game is an activity which is done voluntarily and in regular activities in a particular time and in space". This shows us the concept of the game is not "an unnecessary activity", it has turned into a sense of social and individual vital activity. Reproduced by the codes are real, users in different ways transmitted. Digital game is one of the ways of transmission. Digital media tools such as the game is played the video game and computer game. These environments are considered under the heading of Digital Games. Digital games provide an interactive environment with individuals as they allow electiveness, mobility and non-linearity. In an era of economic angst and where real and virtual identities are being disputed, individuals of the information society are searching for something different other than mass communication. They seek after individual experiences. Digital game environments allow users to gather ideas by allowing them to gain virtual experiences as opposed to real life events. Due to their rich visual content, digital games have the characteristic to shorten the learning period of individuals. Digital games offer users fantasy worlds where they can become lose themselves in different identities. This way through modeling, users are able to ‘free’ themselves. The main focus in this study will be to analyze the use of digital game in education. Alongside surveys, the study will also make use of literary sources. The universe of the study will be the Turkish students. The data collection method is conducting survey. The answers to the questions in the survey have been transferred to a SPSS environment, where descriptive and inferential analyses will lead us to understand the use of digital game in Turkey’s education sector. The relationship between digital games and their users will also be examined. The quantitative study of education with digital games will be a useful source for future studies and will bridge the gap in this area.

Deniz YENG!N

2011-01-01

322

National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL)  

Science.gov (United States)

... fax: (703) 292-9046, email: lzia@nsf.govMyles G. Boylan, Program Director (SOC), Directorate for ... 703) 292-9015, email: hrichtol@nsf.govJeffrey G. Ryan, Program Director (GEO), Directorate for ...

323

Pediatric digital radiography education for radiologic technologists: current state  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Digital radiography (DR) is one of several new products that have changed our work processes from hard copy to digital formats. The transition from analog screen-film radiography to DR requires thorough user education because of differences in image production, processing, storage and evaluation between the forms of radiography. Without adequate education, radiologic technologists could unknowingly expose children to higher radiation doses than necessary for adequate radiograph quality. To evaluate knowledge about image quality and dose management in pediatric DR among radiologic technologists in the U.S. This communication describes a survey of 493 radiologic technologists who are members of the American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT) and who evaluated the current state of radiological technologist education in image quality and dose management in pediatric DR. The survey included 23 survey questions regarding image acquisition issues, quality assurance, radiation exposure and education in DR of infants and children. Radiologic technologists express many needs in areas of training and education in pediatric DR. Suggested improvements include better tools for immediate feedback about image quality and exposure, more information about appropriate technique settings for pediatric patients, more user-friendly vendor manuals and educational materials, more reliable measures of radiation exposure to patients, and more regular and frequent follow-up by equipment vendors. There is a clear and widespread need for comprehensive and practical education in digital image technology for radiologic technologists, especially those engaged in pediatric radiography. The creation of better educational materials and training programs, and the continuation of educational opportunities will require a broad commitment from equipment manufacturers and vendors, educational institutions, pediatric radiology specialty organizations, and individual imaging specialists. (orig.)

Morrison, Gregory; Culbertson, John; Carbonneau, Kira [American Society of Radiologic Technologists, Albuquerque, NM (United States); John, Susan D. [University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Houston, TX (United States); Children' s Memorial Hermann Hospital, Department of Pediatric Radiology, Houston, TX (United States); Goske, Marilyn J.; Smith, Susan N. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Charkot, Ellen [The Hospital for Sick Children, Diagnostic Imaging and Vascular Access, Toronto (Canada); Herrmann, Tracy [University of Cincinnati, Raymond Walters College, Department of Allied Health, Blue Ash, OH (United States)

2011-05-15

324

Design Guidelines for Digital Learning Material for Food Chemistry Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the first stage of a 4-year research project on the design, development and use of Web-based digital learning material for food chemistry education. The paper discusses design guidelines, based on principles that were selected from theories on learning and instruction, and illustrates in detail how these guidelines were used…

Diederen, Julia; Gruppen, Harry; Voragen, Alphons G. J.; Hartog, Rob; Mulder, Martin; Biemans, Harm

325

What Educators Should Know about Teaching Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|In this paper, the authors present some of the most important lessons they have learned from teaching courses, conducting workshops, writing articles, and supervising graduate student research on the educational uses of digital storytelling. The guidelines described here are categorized within the ADDIE instructional design framework and are…

Robin, Bernard R.; McNeil, Sara G.

2012-01-01

326

Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) in Mathematics Teacher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Rapid increases in knowledge and technology call for the use of such tools as a personal digital assistant (PDA) to increase the quality of education and student performance. PDAs evolved from personal organizers, but today's handhelds can be effective tools that help students organize facts and concepts, develop written documents, understand…

Wachira, Patrick; Keengwe, Jared; Onchwari, Grace

2009-01-01

327

8th International Bielefeld Conference 2006: Academic Library and Information Services: New Paradigms for the Digital Age  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available From 7-9 February 2006, Bielefeld University Library in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, was host to the 8th International Bielefeld Conference. The subject this year was Academic Library and Information Services: New Paradigms for the Digital Age. The conference has been taking place every two years since 1992 and has proved to be one of the most popular forums for librarians and university managers from Europe and beyond to hear about and discuss new concepts, strategies, services, and technologies for academic and research libraries. This year’s conference attracted almost 500 participants from 35 countries.

Almuth Gastinger

2006-01-01

328

Estratégias para a estruturação de um website visando o desenvolvimento de Bibliotecas Digitais/Strategies for the structuralization of a website in the development of digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo apresenta estratégias para a estruturação de um Website no desenvolvimento de uma biblioteca digital, através de softwares livres e proprietários, utilizando-se do conteúdo existente em catálogos bibliográficos de instituições, bem como aponta as implementações e métodos oferecidos por estes softwares e os efeitos de sua utilização no fluxo informacional em instituições de ensino. The article presents strategies for the structural of a Website in the development of a digital libraries, through softwares free and proprietors, using themselves of the existing content in bibliographical catalogues of institutions, as well as point the implementations and methods offered for these softwares and the effect of its use in the informational flow in education institutions.

Gildenir Carolino Santos; Rosemary Passos

2004-01-01

329

Digital Renaissance: The Creative Potential of Narrative Technology in Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper outlines research which explores the potential of narrative technology: the synergy of storytelling and computing to enhance creativity and creative education. The paper outlines the theoretical basis of the research: nöogenic narrative, which is informed by contemporary debates and themes in the educational sciences. These include narrativity and storytelling in education; and positive and humanistic psychology. Furthermore, from an empirical/practical perspective, a number of examples of narrative technology are presented and discussed. These exemplify the principal ways in which narrative technology has been deployed in the research-enhanced teaching outlined in this paper: as both a pedagogical, and as a reflective methodology. The paper concludes with insights regarding the deployment of narrative technology to enhance creativity and creative education; and how the synergy of storytelling and computing is potentially affording new possibilities for a digital renaissance in education and educational technology.

Tony Hall

2012-01-01

330

Multimodal Discourse Strategies of Factuality and Subjectivity in Educational Digital Storytelling  

Science.gov (United States)

|As new technologies continue to emerge, students and lecturers are provided with new educational tools. One such tool, which is increasingly used in higher education, is digital storytelling, i.e. multi-media digital narratives. Despite the increasing attention that education and media scholars have paid to digital storytelling, there is scant…

Bou-Franch, Patricia

2012-01-01

331

Educación para los medios, alfabetización mediática y competencia digital Media Education, Media Literacy and Digital Competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda las posibles relaciones entre educación y medios en la sociedad actual, y el papel que le corresponde a la educación formal tanto en la integración curricular de los medios como en la alfabetización digital necesaria para el siglo XXI. Se parte de distintas concepciones y enfoques que en las últimas décadas han predominado en el estudio de los medios y en la educación y alfabetización mediáticas en el panorama internacional; se intentan subsanar algunos problemas terminológicos derivados de la riqueza idiomática del mundo global e intercultural en el que nos movemos; se buscan posturas integradoras y se propone una alfabetización para el siglo XXI que se caracteriza por ser mediática, digital, multimodal, crítica y funcional. Se analizan posibles interpretaciones de educación mediática y competencia digital prestando especial atención al actual marco normativo europeo y se advierte de dos posibles peligros: reducir la educación mediática al desarrollo de la competencia digital, y reducir la competencia digital a su dimensión más tecnológica e instrumental: centrarse en los conocimientos técnicos, en los procedimientos de uso y manejo de dispositivos y programas, olvidando las actitudes y los valores. Para evitar el reduccionismo y el sesgo tecnológico se recomienda recuperar para el desarrollo de la alfabetización mediática y de la competencia digital los enfoques más críticos e ideológicos de la educación para los medios.This article addresses some possible relationship between education and media in contemporary society and explores the role that formal education should play in both the integration of media in the curriculum and the digital literacy skills necessary for the 21st century. The authors discuss here different theories and approaches that have dominated international media studies, media education and media literacy in recent decades. Confusion and misunderstandings in terminology for contemporary literacy in a complex, global and intercultural environment are explored and the authors present some inclusive categories for 21st century literacy such as media literacy, digital, multimodal, critical and functional. Interpretations of media literacy and digital competencies are discussed with particular emphasis on the current European regulatory framework. The authors warn that reductionist interpretations that focus on applied technical competencies with devices, hardware and software have the potential to severely limit media literacy education. Instead, the authors stress critical approaches as central to media literacy. In addition to technical competency, the authors highlight the need to include a broader and deeper analysis of the social uses, attitudes, and values associated with new media tools, texts and practices.

Alfonso Gutiérrez Martín; Kathleen Tyner

2012-01-01

332

Saline soils spectral library as a tool for digital soil mapping  

Science.gov (United States)

Soil information is needed at regional to global scales for proper land management. Soil scientist has been historically interested in mapping soil classes and properties to represent and explore the spatial distribution of soil characteristics. Fortunately, soil mapping came into the digital era decades ago, enabling the dissemination of computationally intensive techniques (e.g., geostatistics). Digital soil mapping is moving forward in recent decades. Digital soil mapping has evolved from "traditional" studies that employed a set of soils to build soil maps, to more recent approaches that exploit the increasing computing facilities to combine soil databases with ancillary data such as digital elevation models, remote sensing imagery and proximal sensing datasets. The inclusion of VNIR spectroscopy in digital soil mapping approaches is an outstanding research field. VNIR spectroscopy has largely been employed to quantify soil properties with proximal sensor and remote sensor (i.e., imaging spectroscopy). One of the traditional problems in soil mapping is the time needed to compile a soil database large enough to allow for mapping with robustness. Therefore there is a growing interest in using the less time consuming, immutability of the sample and increasing accuracy of soil spectroscopy to obtain accurate enough soil maps but with lower data requirements. This research trend is particularly interesting for the study of highly dynamic soil processes for which is necessary to know the spatial and temporal changes of certain properties for a correct soil assessment. The objective of this work was the study of soil salinity which is a dynamic property responding to seasonal (i.e., vertical upwelling) and inter-annual (i.e., salinization) changes. Soil salinity is a major constraint for agriculture by limiting or excluding certain crops. Thus, a continuous monitoring of soil salinity is needed to select the most suitable crops and to prevent future salinization. Large arid and semiarid Mediterranean areas are affected by severe salinization processes by converging salinity problems due to parent material salinity, water scarcity and poor quality of irrigation water. A soils database in the South-East of Spain (semiarid Mediterranean environments) is being developed, by sampling and analyzing soils properties but especially salinity, besides recording their VNIR spectral signatures in field conditions. Also a spectral library related to soil type and salinity in these environments was determined in laboratory and it is a promising tool to monitor soil spectral signature changes. Positive relations between salinity, spectral data and soil type have been found using this technique. Soil spectra could be employed for quantitative spectroscopic analyses of soil properties, as ancillary data for digital soil mapping and for spectral calibration of remotely sensed imagery.

Bas, María Victoria; Meléndez-Pastor, Ignacio; Navarro-Pedreño, José; Gómez, Ignacio; Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Hernández, Encarni

2013-04-01

333

Implementation of Hierarchical Authorization For A Web-Based Digital Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Access control mechanisms are needed in almost every system nowadays to control what kind of access each user has to which resources and when. On the one hand access control systems need to be flexible to allow the definition of the access rules that are actually needed. But they must also be easy to administrate to prevent rules from being in place without the administrator realizing it. This is particularly difficult for systems such as a digital library that requires fine-grained access rules specifying access control at a document level. We present the implementation and architecture of a system that allows definition of access rights down to the single document and user level. We use hierarchies on users and roles, hierachies on access rights and hierarchies on documents and document groups. These hierarchies allow a maximum of flexibility and still keep the system easy enough to administrate. Our access control system supports positive as well as negative permissions.

Andreas Geyer-Schulz; Anke Thede

2007-01-01

334

Project GRACE A grid based search tool for the global digital library  

CERN Multimedia

The paper will report on the progress of an ongoing EU project called GRACE - Grid Search and Categorization Engine (http://www.grace-ist.org). The project participants are CERN, Sheffield Hallam University, Stockholm University, Stuttgart University, GL 2006 and Telecom Italia. The project started in 2002 and will finish in 2005, resulting in a Grid based search engine that will search across a variety of content sources including a number of electronic thesis and dissertation repositories. The Open Archives Initiative (OAI) is expanding and is clearly an interesting movement for a community advocating open access to ETD. However, the OAI approach alone may not be sufficiently scalable to achieve a truly global ETD Digital Library. Many universities simply offer their collections to the world via their local web services without being part of any federated system for archiving and even those dissertations that are provided with OAI compliant metadata will not necessarily be picked up by a centralized OAI Ser...

Scholze, Frank; Vigen, Jens; Prazak, Petra; The Seventh International Conference on Electronic Theses and Dissertations

2004-01-01

335

Exploratory Search Interfaces for the UNESCO Multilingual Digital Library: Combining Visualization and Semantics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to report on the design of semantically–rich and dynamic visual user interfaces to support exploratory interaction with the UNESCO digital library materials. The UNESCO multilingual thesaurus, which supports English, French, and Spanish, has been utilized to provide a semantic and multilingual environment where users can browse the thesaurus using word buckets, formulate queries, explore the conceptual space of their query terms and view results in a dynamic and highly interactive environment. The interface design focuses on integrating searching and browsing and multilingual elements in a visual environment where terms and retrieved documents are designed as visual objects. To facilitate users’ interaction with terms, thesaural relationships are shown using such elements as colour, size, location, and distance.

Stan Ruecker; Ali Shiri; Carlos Fiorentino; Amy Stafford; Mark Bieber; Matt Bouchard

2011-01-01

336

On identifying name equivalences in digital libraries. Name equivalence, Surname matching, Author identification, Databases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The services provided by digital libraries can be much improved by correctly identifying variants of the same name. For example, this will allow for better retrieval of all the works by a certain author. We focus on variants caused by abbreviations of first names, and show that significant achievements are possible by simple lexical analysis and comparison of names. This is done in two steps: first a pairwise matching of names is performed, and then these are used to find cliques of equivalent names. However, these steps can each be performed in a variety of ways. We therefore conduct an experimental analysis using two real datasets to find which approaches actually work well in practice. Interestingly, this depends on the size of the repository, as larger repositories may have many more similar names.

Dror G. Feitelson

2004-01-01

337

Next-generation applications in healthcare digital libraries using semantic service composition and coordination.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Healthcare digital libraries (DLs) increasingly make use of dedicated services to access functionality and/or data. Semantic (web) services enhance single services and facilitate compound services, thereby supporting advanced applications on top of a DL. The traditional process management approach tends to focus on process definition at build time rather than on actual service events in run time, and to anticipate failures in order to define appropriate strategies. This paper presents a novel approach where service coordination is distributed among a set of agents. A dedicated component plans compound semantic services on demand for a particular application. In failure, the planner is reinvoked to define contin- gency strategies. Finally, matchmaking is effected at runtime by choosing the appropriate service provider. These combined technologies will provide key support for highly flexible next-generation DL applications. Such technologies are under development within CASCOM.

Möller T; Schuldt H; Gerber A; Klusch M

2006-06-01

338

From Pedagogical Museum to Instructional Material Center: Education Libraries at Teacher Training Institutions, 1890s to 1970s  

Science.gov (United States)

The development of education libraries cannot be understood outside the context of education history. Changes in educational practices and technology spurred three phases of development in the history of education libraries. Early examples, often called curriculum laboratories, developed as spaces to create educational materials where limited…

Attebury, Ramirose; Kroth, Michael

2012-01-01

339

Access to digital collections of public domain works: Enclosure of the commons managed by libraries and museums  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Digital copies of physical books and art objects curated by libraries and museums are being made available to the public online. Their access and reuse conditions are submitted to terms of use and policies defined by the institutions in charge of the development of databases and the digitisation of ...

Dulong de Rosnay, Melanie

340

Accuracy of Answers Provided by Digital/Face-to-Face Reference Services in Japanese Public Libraries and Q & A Sites  

Science.gov (United States)

|We asked the same 60 questions using DRS (digital reference services) in Japanese public libraries, face-to-face reference services and Q & A (question and answer) sites. It was found that: (1) The correct answer ratio of DRS is higher than that of Q & A sites; (2) DRS takes longer to provide answers as compared to Q & A sites; and (3) The…

Tsuji, Keita; To, Haruna; Hara, Atsuyuki

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

D-Fussion: A Semantic Selective Disssemination of Information Service for the Research Community in Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: In this paper we propose a multi-agent Selective Dissemination of Information service to improve the research community's access to digital library resources. The service also provides a new recommendation approach to satisfy researchers' specific information requirements. Method: The service model is developed by jointly applying…

Morales-del-Castillo, Jose Manuel; Peis, Eduardo; Moreno, Juan Manuel; Herrera-Viedma, Enrique

2009-01-01

342

Digital Repositories and Possibilities of Their Integration into Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Due to abundance of information available on the Internet, society seeks new types of digital information resources which would facilitate better delivery of information for different purposes. One such information resource type is digital institutional repository. Successful use of digital institutional repositories depends mostly on quality of content they offer, and on unrestricted access to that content. On the other side of the information chain, users i.e. students should be taught how to critically approach and evaluate content they find in digital institutional repositories in order to enrich their learning experience and make it more successful. To find out more about similarities and differences between top 10 largest open access digital information repositories, a comparison of their most important functions was carried out. The results of the comparison give us valuable indicators about possibilities of their use in learning process based on their properties and presence of the most important functions modern information resources should have. Generally speaking, as digital repositories gain more public attention, it can be expected that they will be used even more in future for various purposes, including education.

Radovan Vrana

2010-01-01

343

Extracting scientific articles from a large digital archive: BioStor and the Biodiversity Heritage Library.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a large digital archive of legacy biological literature, comprising over 31 million pages scanned from books, monographs, and journals. During the digitisation process basic metadata about the scanned items is recorded, but not article-level metadata. Given that the article is the standard unit of citation, this makes it difficult to locate cited literature in BHL. Adding the ability to easily find articles in BHL would greatly enhance the value of the archive. DESCRIPTION: A service was developed to locate articles in BHL based on matching article metadata to BHL metadata using approximate string matching, regular expressions, and string alignment. This article locating service is exposed as a standard OpenURL resolver on the BioStor web site http://biostor.org/openurl/. This resolver can be used on the web, or called by bibliographic tools that support OpenURL. CONCLUSIONS: BioStor provides tools for extracting, annotating, and visualising articles from the Biodiversity Heritage Library. BioStor is available from http://biostor.org/.

Page RD

2011-01-01

344

Extracting scientific articles from a large digital archive: BioStor and the Biodiversity Heritage Library  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a large digital archive of legacy biological literature, comprising over 31 million pages scanned from books, monographs, and journals. During the digitisation process basic metadata about the scanned items is recorded, but not article-level metadata. Given that the article is the standard unit of citation, this makes it difficult to locate cited literature in BHL. Adding the ability to easily find articles in BHL would greatly enhance the value of the archive. Description A service was developed to locate articles in BHL based on matching article metadata to BHL metadata using approximate string matching, regular expressions, and string alignment. This article locating service is exposed as a standard OpenURL resolver on the BioStor web site http://biostor.org/openurl/. This resolver can be used on the web, or called by bibliographic tools that support OpenURL. Conclusions BioStor provides tools for extracting, annotating, and visualising articles from the Biodiversity Heritage Library. BioStor is available from http://biostor.org/.

Page Roderic DM

2011-01-01

345

Evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales: su teoría y modelos/ Theory and models of assessment of digital libraries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Para entender cabalmente la biblioteca digital se requiere no sólo captar su concepto y caracterización, también es necesario relacionarla con los conceptos teóricos de modelo y evaluación; el estudio combinado de estas dos facetas nos lleva a comprender la combinación precisa: teoría de los modelos, modelos de evaluación y por último al modelo de evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales. Abstract in english To fully understand the digital library, one must grasp not only the concept and its features, but also relate it to theoretical modeling and assessment concepts. The study of these two characteristics helps provide an understanding of how modeling theory and assessment models combine to yield the specific evaluation model for digital libraries.

Noguez-Ortiz, Araceli

2010-12-01

346

Evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales: su teoría y modelos Theory and models of assessment of digital libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Para entender cabalmente la biblioteca digital se requiere no sólo captar su concepto y caracterización, también es necesario relacionarla con los conceptos teóricos de modelo y evaluación; el estudio combinado de estas dos facetas nos lleva a comprender la combinación precisa: teoría de los modelos, modelos de evaluación y por último al modelo de evaluación de las bibliotecas digitales.To fully understand the digital library, one must grasp not only the concept and its features, but also relate it to theoretical modeling and assessment concepts. The study of these two characteristics helps provide an understanding of how modeling theory and assessment models combine to yield the specific evaluation model for digital libraries.

Araceli Noguez-Ortiz

2010-01-01

347

Democracy, open source and music education? : A Deweyan investigation of music education in digital domains.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Democracy, open source and music education? A Deweyan investigation of music education in digital domains.   Music has not been solely temporal for more than a century, and musical performance has not been created exclusively in real time by humans since the piano roll entered the stage in the late ...

Thorgersen, Ketil

348

The Brazilian electronic theses and dissertations digital library: providing open access for scholarly information/ Biblioteca digital brasileira de teses e dissertações eletrônicas: provendo acesso livre à informação acadêmica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este artigo descreve o projeto liderado pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia (Ibict), instituição governamental, para construção de uma biblioteca digital nacional de teses e dissertações eletrônicas Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações (BDTD). O projeto é um esforço colaborativo entre o Ibict, universidades e outros centros de pesquisa no Brasil. No planejamento do sistema foi adotada arquitetura de sistema baseada na Open A (more) rchives Iniciative (OAI), na qual universidades e centros de pesquisas atuam como provedores de dados e, o Ibict, como provedor de serviço. O Ibict desenvolveu para a biblioteca digital um padrão brasileiro de metadados para teses e dissertações eletrônicas e um conjunto de ferramentas, incluindo pacote de arquivos abertos, a ser distribuído entre potenciais provedores de dados. A BDTD está integrada à iniciativa internacional Networked Digital Library of Thesis and Dissertation (NDLTD). As discussões deste artigo estão direcionadas à concepção do projeto, ao seu desenvolvimento e gestão, bem como ao papel desempenhado pelo Ibict. As conclusões destacam algumas importantes lições atuais e mudanças futuras, visando a expansão do projeto da BDTD. Abstract in english This paper describes a project led by the Instituto Brasileiro de Informações em Ciência e Tecnologia (Ibict), a government institution, to build a national digital library for electronic theses and dissertations - Bibliteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações (BDTD). The project has been a collaborative effort among Ibict, universities and other research centers in Brazil. The developers adopted a system architecture based on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) in which (more) universities and research centers act as data providers and Ibict as a service provider. A Brazilian metadata standard for electronic theses and dissertations was developed for the digital library. A toolkit including open source package was also developed by Ibict to be distributed to potential data providers. BDTD has been integrated with the international initiative: the Networked Digital Library of Thesis and Dissertation (NDLTD). Discussions in the paper address various issues related to project design, development and management as well as the role played by Ibict. Conclusions highlight some important lessons learned to date and challenges for the future in expanding the BDTD project.

Southwick, Sílvia Barcellos

2006-08-01

349

Using digital media to promote kidney disease education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Health-care providers and patients increasingly turn to the Internet-websites as well as social media platforms-for health-related information and support. Informed by research on audience behaviors and preferences related to digital health information, the National Kidney Disease Education Program (NKDEP) developed a comprehensive and user-friendly digital ecosystem featuring content and platforms relevant for each audience. NKDEP's analysis of website metrics and social media conversation mapping related to CKD revealed gaps and opportunities, informing the development of a digital strategy to position NKDEP as a trustworthy digital source for evidence-based kidney disease information. NKDEP launched a redesigned website (www.nkdep.nih.gov) with enhanced content for multiple audiences as well as a complementary social media presence on Twitter and Facebook serving to drive traffic to the website as well as actively engage target audiences in conversations about kidney disease. The results included improved website metrics and increasing social media engagement among consumers and health-care providers. NKDEP will continue to monitor trends, explore new directions, and work to improve communication across digital platforms.

Goldstein K; Briggs M; Oleynik V; Cullen M; Jones J; Newman E; Narva A

2013-07-01

350

Using digital media to promote kidney disease education.  

Science.gov (United States)

Health-care providers and patients increasingly turn to the Internet-websites as well as social media platforms-for health-related information and support. Informed by research on audience behaviors and preferences related to digital health information, the National Kidney Disease Education Program (NKDEP) developed a comprehensive and user-friendly digital ecosystem featuring content and platforms relevant for each audience. NKDEP's analysis of website metrics and social media conversation mapping related to CKD revealed gaps and opportunities, informing the development of a digital strategy to position NKDEP as a trustworthy digital source for evidence-based kidney disease information. NKDEP launched a redesigned website (www.nkdep.nih.gov) with enhanced content for multiple audiences as well as a complementary social media presence on Twitter and Facebook serving to drive traffic to the website as well as actively engage target audiences in conversations about kidney disease. The results included improved website metrics and increasing social media engagement among consumers and health-care providers. NKDEP will continue to monitor trends, explore new directions, and work to improve communication across digital platforms. PMID:23809289

Goldstein, Karen; Briggs, Michael; Oleynik, Veronica; Cullen, Mac; Jones, Jewel; Newman, Eileen; Narva, Andrew

2013-07-01

351

Library and Information Science Education in Greece: Institutional Changes and Current Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

|This paper considers the historical development of Library and Information Science (LIS) Education in Greece, in order to understand its current position within the field of higher education, and to assess its future prospects. In particular, in tracing changes that LIS Education as an institution has undergone, it argues that institutional…

Moniarou-Papaconstantinou, Valentini; Tsatsaroni, Anna

2008-01-01

352

Library and Information Science Education in Greece: Institutional Changes and Current Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper considers the historical development of Library and Information Science (LIS) Education in Greece, in order to understand its current position within the field of higher education, and to assess its future prospects. In particular, in tracing changes that LIS Education as an institution has undergone, it argues that institutional…

Moniarou-Papaconstantinou, Valentini; Tsatsaroni, Anna

2008-01-01

353

First mergers: a case study of the Boland College of Education and the Cape Technikon libraries  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Predating the major higher education mergers, the Cape Technikon Library Service was faced with the incorporation of the Mowbray College of Education and Boland College of Education libraries in 2000. The actual stock of these two libraries was larger than that of the Technikon, and in addition, an institution that had a monolithic library structure was suddenly faced with coping with a more dispersed structure. Both Mowbray and Boland (which was at Wellington, some 65 km away) were functioning libraries and the challenges were therefore to maintain functionality while changing and to keep the best from each library while creating a single library service. This article discusses the lessons learned from both the perspective of the Boland College of Education and the Cape Technikon libraries, in handling both the human component of the merger, as well as the unique challenges of the collections and of service alignment. These lessons would prove to be useful in guiding and understanding the complexities of the later merger of the Cape Technikon and Peninsula Technikon into the Cape Peninsula University of Technology.

Michiel E. Moll

2010-01-01

354

Effectiveness of Course-Integrated and Repeated Library Instruction on Library Skills of Education Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Given the investment in librarian time and energy and faculty and student time constraints,it was deemed important to assess effectiveness of course-integrated library instruction, and more specifically, whether repeated library instruction has a cumulative effect on student learning. As such, students who began the study with no prior library instruction experience (n=45) were contrasted with students who had completed a library walking tour and worksheet (n=34) and with those who had attended previous course-integrated library instruction (n=27). A pre-test/post-test research design was utilized, with course-integrated library instruction as treatment. Analysis indicated a statistically significant difference (dependent t(105)=2.18, p<.05) between pre-test (M=49.43, SD=19.24) and post-test (M=77.69, SD=14.64) scores. However, an analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed students with no prior library instruction experience did not significantly differ from those who completed a walking tour and worksheet or those who attended a prior course-integrated library instruction session (F(2,103)=1.63, p=.20).

Penny M. Beile

2003-01-01

355

Uses of Information and Communication Technologies in Europe's Higher Education Institutions: From Digital Divides to Digital Trajectories  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper has two objectives, firstly, to identify the three basic levels of educational digital divides and to discuss them in the context of the European Union, and secondly, to develop an alternative hypothesis for educational digital trajectories instead of looking at educational divides.Section one identifies the three levels of digital divides. The first level of educational digital divide concerns differences in ICT equipment. We identify the sources and the mechanisms that help to bridge this divide (Market Dynamics and Public Policies). Then, focussing on the second level of digital divide (usages divide) we analyse why this seems to be the main problem nowadays in Europe. Finally, a third level of digital divide concerns the performance of ICT in education. We give some possible explanations for the productivity paradox which is observed in European higher education.Section two is devoted to the explanation of the diversity of usage of ICT between countries and universities. ICT allows different contextualisation and adaptation to the local context. Universities are developing several digital trajectories and instead of benchmarking universities we look at the explanations for this diversity. Two key elements were explored here: competition strategy of universities and students' attitudes towards the technologies.

Adel Ben Youssef; Ludovic Ragni

2008-01-01

356

??????????????????????? Uncovering Some Problems in the Library and Information Science Education by Following the Footstep of History  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ?This article discusses the causes of library/information science not being recognized as a profession and some problems associated with the library/informationscience education, based on the history of American library/information scienceeducation. Since Melvil Dewey founded the first library school in 1887 certainproblems in the library/information science education have persisted, these includeconfusing the objectives of a vocation with those of a profession, no consistentcourse contents in teaching, and the duration for study being too short.Fundamental problems such as lack of theoretical foundation and philosophy, notmuch academic research, and the imbalance of practice and theory in the educationprogram, are yet unresolved. What are the causes for the slow progress in library and information scienceover the past one hundred years? Librarians and library educators together haveto figure these out from the library history, and seek solutions. If we can't be sureof our objective, whether moving to professional model or academic model, and discard vocalionalization totally, then we can never achieve the professional status.

Li-min Cheng

1993-01-01

357

The Development and Current Status of Library and Information Science Education in Japan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Library and information science (LIS) education of Japan has been established in the early 20th century, but destroyed during the World War II. Thanks to the help provided by the United States, the LIS education revived. However, it influenced a lot, especially the thoughts of public librarianship in the Library Law of Japan. At present, 8 universities offer formal LIS degree program and over 200 universities or colleges offer LIS courses as qualifications for public librarians. This article will introduce the curriculum designs, full-time faculty, and program characteristics of Library and Information Science in Japan. [Article content in Chinese

Kuang-hua Chen

2001-01-01

358

Access Services Education in Library and Information Science Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article defines the elements of Access Services, explains the importance of those aspects in the library, and proposes a course centered on Access Services for library schools. The areas of circulation, interlibrary loan, course reserves, collection maintenance, and public relations are core components of Access Services. Each of those…

McCaslin, David

2009-01-01

359

Access Services Education in Library and Information Science Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

This article defines the elements of Access Services, explains the importance of those aspects in the library, and proposes a course centered on Access Services for library schools. The areas of circulation, interlibrary loan, course reserves, collection maintenance, and public relations are core components of Access Services. Each of those…

McCaslin, David

2009-01-01

360

Using Digital Videos to Enhance Teacher Preparation  

Science.gov (United States)

The technology to produce high quality, digital videos is widely available, yet its use in teacher preparation remains largely overlooked. A digital video library was created to augment instruction in a special education methods course for preservice elementary education teachers. The videos illustrated effective strategies for working with…

Dymond, Stacy K.; Bentz, Johnell L.

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

DIGITAL SIMULATIONS FOR IMPROVING EDUCATION: Learning Through Artificial Teaching Environments  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available DIGITAL SIMULATIONS FOR IMPROVING EDUCATION:Learning Through Artificial Teaching EnvironmentsGibson, David, Ed.D.; Information Science Reference, Hershey, PA,SBN-10: 1605663239, ISBN-13: 9781605663234, p.514 Jan 2009Reviewed byÖzlem OZANFaculty of Education, Eski?ehir Osmangazi University,Eskisehir-TURKEYSimulations in education, both for children and adults,become popular with the development of computer technology, because they are fun and engaging and allow learners to internalize knowledge by applying new skills in a risk-free environment.This book offers trainers and educators the information andperspective about instructional simulations. What issimulation? What is the underlying considerations designinginstructional simulation? How could simulation be used forimproving teaching and learning? What are the case studies?How are graduate students engaged on teams to create newgames? The book's broader audience is anyone who is interested in potential of games and simulations for improving teaching and learning. If you are looking this book with an eye of computer programmers or technical designer, this book is not primarily for you. The book is edited by David Gibson who is is project co-director of simSchool, a classroom flight simulator for training teachers and Young Baek who is a Professor of Educational Technology at Korea National University of Education. It is consisted of 514 pages (+xxv) covering 24 articles divided into six sections andprovides information about context for simulation, design considerations of instructional simulation, case studies focused on improving teaching and student learning, and engaging graduate students in development process.Topics covered in the book are as follows: Alternate reality games as simulations, Case studies inteaching and learning, Cognitive apprenticeship inspired simulations, Combining instructional design and game design, Computers and the end of progressive education, Design principles for embedded formative assessments, Designing commercial simulations for teachers, Digital games to develop ethical teachers,Digital simulation in teaching and learning, Game design and development, Hybrid 2D/3D development of interactive simulations, Learning by doing via game making, Modeling classroom behaviors in software agents, Narrative event diagram, Simulating teaching experience with role-play, Simulation for improving teachers‘motivational skills, Supporting open-ended assignments in virtual environments,Teacher problem solving using simulation, Virtual spaces for teaching and learning.The aim of first section, consists of four chapters, provides an introduction and presents context for simulation for those interested in using or designing them for instructional purposes. It gives definitions structure and characteristics of discreteand continuous simulations and highlights effective simulation‘s features for teaching and learning. It mentions challenges and look into examples of digital educational simulations such as Max Trax, Strategy, CoPilot, Virtual School,simSchool, simClass, Krucible and Starry Night. A broad taxonomy for thinking about interactions within virtual environments for learning is conceptualized as a ?cubic structure? of three kinds of interactions: learner with content, learner with instructor and learner with learner to help organize the complex problems. Finally in this chapter multiculturalism is argued with a philosophical view. After having read this section, readers will have a clearer picture of what simulations are and how they can be used for educational purpose.Main question about designing an instructional simulation is how a designer can add instruction to a game or simulation without reducing or removing the fun of playing it? Section II, which consists of seven chapters, focuses on designing considerations.First main idea that is emphasized in the section is that joining game design elements (e.g., rules, goals and objectives, outcomes and feedback, conflict and challenge interaction, representation or story)

Reviewed by Özlem OZAN

2009-01-01

362

DEVELOPING DIGITAL COMPETENCES USING AN EDUCATIONAL SOFTWARE. A PEDAGOGICAL RESEARCH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many teachers and people in educational institutions consider it necessary prepare children for living in a computerized society. The Internet offers an incredible number of opportunities for teachers. The Web offer of e-learning open source platforms reached an impressive configuration. In this article, we present an educational software for developing digital skills conducted on the open source platform Moodle. The educational software has been developed for the grade’s XII students of a technical profile. It covers the unit Databases, namely, the Access application. The contents are particularly adapted for the students of Technical Colleges. We will also present a pedagogical research that demonstrates effectiveness of such an approach. We conducted the research at Technical College "Iuliu Maniu", Carei, Satu-Mare County. The research hypothesis was: Using a software to develop skills of using Microsoft Access application leads to much better results among students from technological high-schools. Our research proves that the use of an educational software and computer assisted instruction in teaching and learning contributes to a significant increase of efficiency of education.

Magda? Ioana; Bontea Timea

2011-01-01

363

School Library Media Specialist Collaboration with Special Education Personnel in Support of Student Learning  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – The objective of this study was to identify factors for effective collaboration between school library media specialists and special education personnel in support of student learning.Methods – A review method was used to examine illustrative studies of collaboration.Results – The analysis revealed studies that represented a variety of methodologies: survey, observation, interview, action research, and participatory ethnography. The review identified cross-study factors that facilitate collaboration between school library media specialists and special educators: shared knowledge via cross-training and regular professional interaction, effective communication skills, and effective educational team planning and co-teaching of meaningful learning activities.Conclusion – The study concluded that school library media specialists and special education personnel need to share their knowledge and expertise about the effective use of appropriate resources and services for students with special needs.

Lesley S. J. Farmer

2009-01-01

364

Library legislation and free access to information as new topics in library and information science education.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available An outline of LIS programs offered by the Department of Information Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Zagreb is given. Factors affecting the recent curriculum revision are described and the reasons for the introduction of a new course in library legislation and standards have been pointed out. The intention of the course has been to make students aware of the existence of international documents relevant to libraries and librarians and to show how the current trends are reflected in national legislation. It is hoped that the course might help students improve their understanding of the legal context surrounding libraries and other information institutions and teach them to appreciate the importance of good legislation.

2000-01-01

365

Design and clinical evaluation of a high-capacity digital image archival library and high-speed network for the replacement of cinefilm in the cardiac angiography environment  

Science.gov (United States)

An economical and practical digital solution for the replacement of 35 mm cine film as the archive media in the cardiac x-ray imaging environment has remained lacking to date due to the demanding requirements of high capacity, high acquisition rate, high transfer rate, and a need for application in a distributed environment. A clinical digital image library and network based on the D2 digital video format has been installed in the Duke University Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory. The system architecture includes a central image library with digital video recorders and robotic tape retrieval, three acquisition stations, and remote review stations connected via a serial image network. The library has a capacity for over 20,000 Gigabytes of uncompressed image data, equivalent to records for approximately 20,000 patients. Image acquisition in the clinical laboratories is via a real-time digital interface between the digital angiography system and a local digital recorder. Images are transferred to the library over the serial network at a rate of 14.3 Mbytes/sec and permanently stored for later review. The image library and network are currently undergoing a clinical comparison with cine film for visual and quantitative assessment of coronary artery disease. At the conclusion of the evaluation, the configuration will be expanded to include four additional catheterization laboratories and remote review stations throughout the hospital.

Cusma, Jack T.; Spero, Laurence A.; Groshong, Bennett R.; Cho, Teddy; Bashore, Thomas M.

1993-09-01

366

Digital networks to aid research and education in Africa  

CERN Document Server

Around 120 participants were assembled over two days at CERN to discuss ways to bridge the digital divide with Africa. As part of efforts to implement the outcome of the first World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), held in Geneva in 2003, CERN held the international workshop on Research and Education Networks in Africa, from 25 to 27 September. Organized by the United Nations University (UNU) in collaboration with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and CERN, this meeting was designed to promote scientific cooperation with and within Africa, through the development of networking infrastructure. Faster, reliable and more affordable Internet access is widely recognized as one of the key factors for enhancing research and education efforts in African academic and research institutions. For the first time, this workshop brought together representatives of all the key stakeholders: African academic and research institutions, international coordinators, funding agencies, grass-roots imple...

2005-01-01

367

Bridging the Digital Divide through Educational Initiatives: Problems and Solutions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Being on the wrong side of the digital divide limits the life chances of the socially excluded, who have had neither the wherewithal nor the opportunity to obtain highly paid, skilled positions in IT. Irish policy makers see education as the solution to this problem. However, provid-ing institutional support for the socially disadvantaged who wish to avail of third level education in IT poses significant challenges. This paper describes these problems and explains how they were overcome in implementing an undergraduate university programme called the Diploma in Applied Business Computing. This targeted initiative was an unqualified success in that it achieved its primary objectives--academic and social. However, what made it so was the commitment of concerned stakeholders, from members of the executive steering committee who developed and implemented the course, to the lecturers who delivered it, the companies who supported it, and the students who participated in it.

Tom Butler

2002-01-01

368

Mass Digitization: Implications for Information Policy: Report from "Scholarship and Libraries in Transition: A Dialogue about the Impacts of Mass Digitization Projects" Symposium (Ann Arbor, Michigan, March 10-11, 2006)  

Science.gov (United States)

The U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS) sponsored the symposium "Scholarship and Libraries in Transition: A Dialogue about the Impacts of Mass Digitization Projects" in March 2006 at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. The symposium was organized with a keynote and several other individual presentations, as well…

US National Commission on Libraries and Information Science, 2006

2006-01-01

369

Bibliotecas virtuais e digitais: análise de artigos de periódicos brasileiros (1995/2000)/ Digital and Virtual Libraries: analysis of articles in Brazilian periodicals (1995/2000)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A evolução da temática biblioteca virtual e biblioteca digital como assunto de artigos de periódicos brasileiros publicados de 1995 a 2000 é o objetivo deste trabalho. Analisa 33 artigos apresentando os aspectos metodológicos adotados para o planejamento e criação de bibliotecas virtuais e digitais, o desenvolvimento de coleções diante dessa nova realidade, o impacto causado nas unidades de informação e nos profissionais da informação, as estatísticas das b (more) ibliotecas na Internet e programas institucionais, além da produção bibliográfica sobre bibliotecas virtuais e digitais. Avalia a produção no período, a produtividade dos autores e tipo de autoria, número de referências bibliográficas por artigo, tipo de documentos e o idioma dos documentos citados. Aponta, como resultados, que não há convergência sobre o conceito de biblioteca eletrônica, polimídia, digital e virtual e, para a preocupação dos autores, centrados nos aspectos metodológicos visando à implantação de bibliotecas digitais e virtuais. Abstract in english The evolution of Virtual Library and Digital Library as the subject watter of Brazilian periodicals articles publishied from 1995 to 2000 is the scope of this paper. It analyses 33 articles presenting methodological aspects addopted to plan and create virtual and digital libraries, the collection development in face of this new reality, the impact on the professionals and their libraries; the Internet libraries statistics and the bibliographic production about virtual and (more) digital libraries. It evaluates the production of the period, the authors'productivity, kinds of authorship, number of the bibliographic references by article; types of documents and the language of the documents. It points out as a result that there is no convergence about the concept of Virtual, Digital, Eletronic and Multimedia Library and the authors concerns about the methodological aspects related to the planning and creation of virtual and digital libraries.

Ohira, Maria Lourdes Blatt; Prado, Noêmia Schoffen

2002-01-01

370

?????Historical Development and Future Trends of Library and Information Science Master’s Education in Taiwan????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????69??????????????????81???????????????????????7???????????????????????????????????69??80??????????81??90??????????91???????????????????????????????7??????????????????????????????69???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Master’s education in library science began in Taiwan in 1980 with the establishment of the Graduate Institute of Library Science at National Taiwan University. In 1992, the school changed its name to the Department of Library and Information Science. At present, the library and information science master’s educational system in Taiwan is composed of seven master’s programs. The development of Taiwan’s library and information science (LIS) master’s education occurred in three stages: the early stage from 1980-1991, the developmental stage from 1992-2001, and the transformational stage beginning in 2002 and continuing through the present. This study investigates the historical development of LIS master’s programs in Taiwan, aggregates information on the development of the seven master’s programs, and describes the state and development of LIS master’s education from 1980 until now, finally discussing current issues facing LIS master’s education and its future outlook. ???20-40

??? Mei-Ling Wang

2011-01-01

371

Tech Expo: A Model for Emerging Technology Education for Library Staff  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Emerging technologies, such as personal information management tools like Zotero, productivity software like Google Documents, and Web-based API's and mashups are important resources for library staff development and productivity. To keep up with rapid technological change, the University of Minnesota Libraries developed a staff education program on emerging technologies. Begun in 2009, the fun and interactive program called Tech Expo has been a success. This paper describes the approach taken and lessons learned.

Lisa Johnston; Scott Spicer

2012-01-01

372

Comparative analysis of study programs in library and information science education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Fourty university programmes for library and information specialists in fifteen countries have been analyzed in the article. It first describes methodology and then quotes data on administrative structure, source of finance, year of foundation,professional status, students and teachers, technology, library, possibilities of emp]oyment, forms of education, duration, it gives details of programmes at post-graduate levels, combinations with other programmes, the most frequent course subjects and their contents.

Irena Marinko

1998-01-01

373

El estudio de la biblioteca digital académica en México mediante el uso de redes sociales A study of the Academic Digital Library in Mexico through the use of social networks  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se plantea el uso del análisis de redes sociales, como método útil para el estudio empírico de la biblioteca digital (BD) en México.The analysis of social networks is presented as a useful method for the empirical study of the Digital Library in México.

Georgina Araceli Torres Vargas

2008-01-01

374

El estudio de la biblioteca digital académica en México mediante el uso de redes sociales/ A study of the Academic Digital Library in Mexico through the use of social networks  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Se plantea el uso del análisis de redes sociales, como método útil para el estudio empírico de la biblioteca digital (BD) en México. Abstract in english The analysis of social networks is presented as a useful method for the empirical study of the Digital Library in México.

Torres Vargas, Georgina Araceli

2008-12-01

375

Teaching about teaching and instruction on instruction: a challenge for health sciences library education.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This is a review of the master's-level curricula of the fifty-eight America Library Association-accredited library and information science programs and iSchools for evidence of coursework and content related to library instruction. Special emphasis is placed on the schools and programs that also offer coursework in medical or health sciences librarianship. METHODS: Fifty-eight school and program websites were reviewed. Course titles and course descriptions for seventy-three separate classes were analyzed. Twenty-three syllabi were examined. RESULTS: All North American library education programs offer at least one course in the general area of library instruction; some programs offer multiple courses. No courses on instruction, however, are focused directly on the specialized area of health sciences librarianship. CONCLUSIONS: Master's degree students can take appropriate classes on library instruction, but the medical library profession needs to offer continuing education opportunities for practitioners who want to have specific instruction for the specialized world of the health sciences.

Detlefsen EG

2012-10-01

376

Functions of the digital image in Education: A methodological proposal for reading and writing the digital image on instructional screens  

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Full Text Available This research goes through the instructional possibilities that reading and writing the digital image have in Education. Along these lines, we are presenting this research that looks for, on one hand, to develop a methodological proposal for reading and writing the digital image, and on the other, to implement these methodologies in a course used as a study case and whose objective was to evaluate students' performance when writing screens for a learning object using the methodologies for reading and writing the digital image. The process for compiling date was based on the questionnaire technique, individual interviews and the analysis of course proposed activities. The application of the first questionnaire allowed us to determine students' knowledge level about the digital image before starting the course. The individual interview allowed us to determine the students' reading criteria gained after using the reading methodology for the digital image to analyse educational materials (Galavis, 2008; Azzato, 2009). The proposed activities for the course permitted us to value students' performance when reading and writing the digital image of a learning object. Finally, after course completion, the second questionnaire was applied in order to determine the students' acquired knowledge level about reading and writing an image on digital screens. The results obtained in each of the analysis allowed us to establish that the proposed methodologies were highly useful to write the educational image for the screens of each one of the learning objects created in the course.

Mariella Milagros Azzato

2011-01-01

377

Courseware in academic library user education: a literature review from the GAELS Joint Electronic Library Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The GAELS project (Glasgow Allied Electronically with Strathclyde) is a library-based project intended to promote a culture shift among engineering researchers at Glasgow and Strathclyde Universities. Our intention is to decrease researchers' dependence on separately held local print collections in favour of collaboratively held networked electronic resources. To support this aim, GAELS (1999) has created a courseware package to teach researchers the different information retrieval skills required to use such networked resources.

Nick Joint; Bob Kemp; Susan Ashworth

2001-01-01

378

The Library Service Orientation and Coping Strategies in the Context of Occupational Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today, the occupational education is needed not only by the graduates but also by the development of our society. The occupational education provides a new space for the university library in Re-positioning and development. So the libraries should conform to the situation and do entrepreneurship education and the role service orientation conversion. The university libraries have some unique advantages of enterprise education, so they have the mission and responsibilities of training creative and enterprise talents. The author points that the university library should take measures to serve the enterprise education, such as: exploring resources, establishing a platform for enterprise education, setting up relevant courses etc. Key words: Occupational education; University library; Service strategyRésumé Aujourd'hui, l'enseignement professionnel est nécessaire non seulement par les diplômés, mais aussi par le développement de notre société. L'enseignement professionnel offre un nouvel espace pour la bibliothèque universitaire de Re-positionnement et de développement. Ainsi les bibliothèques doivent être conformes à la situation et faire enseignement de l'entrepreneuriat et la conversion d'orientation rôle de service. Les bibliothèques universitaires ont certains avantages uniques de formation à l'entreprise, de sorte qu'ils ont la mission et les responsabilités de la formation des talents créatifs et d'entreprise. L'auteur que la bibliothèque de l'université devraient prendre des mesures pour servir à l'éducation de l'entreprise, tels que: l'exploration des ressources, établir une plateforme de formation à l'entreprise, la mise en place des cours pertinent... etc.Mots clés: Education Professionnelle; Bibliothèque Universitaire; Stratégie de service

Qingxia ZENG

2011-01-01

379

Higher Education Facilities: Library of Source Documents. Summary Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The compilation and classification of a source document library on planning and construction of university facilities is described in terms of system elements, information categories, information storage and information storage and information retrieval. Photographs illustrate card punching and category retrieval. More than 100 finished cards are…

Romieniec, Edward J.; Patterson, James

380

Library 2.0, information and digital literacies in the light of the contradictory nature of Web 2.0  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Desk research was done to examine the importance of raising awareness of differences between professional content and content produced by the amateurs of the Web 2.0. The commercial nature of Web 2.0 was briefly explained. Questions related to amateurism have been raised and amateur contents characterizing Web 2.0 were contrasted to professional ones. The results show that some principles can be laid down. First of all, the need in literacies of students, teaching staff and researchers is different from that of other categories of users, when the former are fulfilling their professional roles. These needs can be satisfied mainly by services that traditionally have been provided by academic and special libraries, while making use of Web 2.0 tools could mean moving towards the goals of public library users. Second, information literacy and digital literacy alongside with adequately defined Library 2.0 are expedient in the era of Web 2.0 to support user needs by the provision of appropriate library resources and services.

Tibor Koltay

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Integration and interoperability accessing electronic information resources in science and technology the proposal of Brazilian Digital Library  

CERN Multimedia

This paper describes technological and methodological options to achieve interoperability in accessing electronic information resources, available in Internet, in the scope of Brazilian Digital Library in Science and Technology Project - BDL, developed by Brazilian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information - IBICT. It stresses the impact of the Web in the publishing and communication processes in science and technology and also in the information systems and libraries. The work points out the two major objectives of the BDL Project: facilitates electronic publishing of different full text materials such as theses, journal articles, conference papers,grey literature - by Brazilian scientific community, so amplifying their nationally and internationally visibility; and achieving, through a unified gateway, thus avoiding a user to navigate and query across different information resources individually. The work explains technological options and standards that will assure interoperability in this context...

Marcondes, C H; Marcondes, Carlos H.; Sayao, Luis Fernando

2002-01-01

382

Data entry module and manuals for the Land Treatment Digital Library  

Science.gov (United States)

Across the country, public land managers make decisions each year that influence landscapes and ecosystems within their jurisdictions. Many of these decisions involve vegetation manipulations, which often are referred to as land treatments. These treatments include removal or alteration of plant biomass, seeding of burned areas, application of herbicides, and other activities. Data documenting these land treatments usually are stored at local management offices in various formats. Therefore, anyone interested in the types and effects of land treatments across multiple jurisdictions must first assemble the information, which can be difficult if data discovery and organization involve multiple local offices. A centralized system for storing and accessing the data helps inform land managers when making policy and management considerations and assists scientists in developing sampling designs and studies. The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as a comprehensive database incorporating tabular data, documentation, photographs, and spatial data about land treatments in a single system. It was developed over a period of several years and refined based on feedback from partner agencies and stakeholders. Currently, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) land treatment data are being entered by USGS personnel as part of a memorandum of understanding between the USGS and BLM. The LTDL has a website maintained by the USGS Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center where LTDL data can be viewed http://ltdl.wr.usgs.gov/. The resources and information provided in this data series allow other agencies, organizations, and individuals to download an empty, stand-alone LTDL database to individual or networked computers. Data entered in these databases may be submitted to the USGS for possible inclusion in the online LTDL. Multiple computer programs are used to accomplish the objective of the LTDL. The support of an information-technology specialist or professionals familiar with Microsoft Access™, ESRI’s ArcGIS™, Python, Adobe Acrobat Professional™, and computer settings is essential when installing and operating the LTDL. After the program is operational, a critical element for successful data entry is an understanding of the difference between database tables and forms, and how to edit data in both formats. Complete instructions accompany the program, and they should be followed carefully to ensure the setup and operation of the database goes smoothly.

Welty, Justin L.; Pilliod, David S.

2013-01-01

383

Under Construction: Identity and Isomorphism in the Merger of a Library and Information Science School and an Education School.  

Science.gov (United States)

Focuses on utilizing organizational theory in understanding the progress of constructing a new departmental identity in a former library and information science school that was merged with an education school. Findings indicate that members of the former library and information science school faced pressure both to become more like education and…

Walpole, MaryBeth

2000-01-01

384

O uso da televisão digital no contexto educativo/The use of the digital television in the educative context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre a utilização cultural e educativa de um sistema digital de televisão como forma de promover o acesso à informação para a construção e transformação do conhecimento. Aborda as potenciais formas de uso dos recursos da televisão digital no contexto educativo, num momento que antecede à escolha do modelo tecnológico de referência para o país. Apresenta os padrões existentes e o movimento governamental na escolha do sistema brasileiro. A partir da pesquisa documental, o artigo reúne informações sobre as aplicações da televisão digital nesse contexto: a migração das emissoras para o novo sistema; o uso como repositório de programas culturais e educativos; a implementação de uma rede de intercâmbio baseada no suporte digital; além do protótipo de uso da TV Escola Digital Interativa, a proposta do SAPSA - Serviço de Apoio ao Professor em Sala de Aula e a possibilidade do documentário digital interativo enquanto exemplo de conteúdo educativo, pela apropriação dos recursos. The article present a reflection about the cultural and educational use of a television digital system as a form to increase the information access to build and transform the knowledge. It approaches the potential forms of use of the resources of the digital television in the educative context, at a moment that it precedes to the choice of the technological model of reference for the country. It presents the existing standards and the governmental movement in the choice of the Brazilian system. From the documentary research, the article congregates information about the applications of the digital television in this context: the migration of the senders for the new system; the use as repository of cultural and educative programs; the implementation of a net of interchange based on the digital support; beyond the archetype of use of the TV Interactive Digital School, the proposal of the SSPC - Service of Support to the Professor in Classroom and the possibility of the interactive digital set of documents while example of educative content, for the appropriation of the resources.

Marcelo Sacrini

2005-01-01

385

Integrating information literacy into the education of public health professionals: roles for librarians and the library.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The paper reviews the core competencies for public health professionals presented in the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) report, Who Will Keep the Public Healthy: Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century; describes improving information literacy (IL) as a mechanism for integrating the core competencies in public health education; and showcases IL as an opportunity for solidifying partnerships between academic librarians and public health educators. METHODS: The IOM competencies, along with explicit examples of library support from a literature review of current IL trends in the health sciences, are analyzed. RESULTS: Librarians can play a fundamental role in implementing the IOM's core competencies in shaping public health education for the twenty-first century. A partnership between public health educators and librarians through a transdisciplinary approach is recommended. CONCLUSIONS: IL skills and competencies integrated into public health curricula through a collaborative partnership between public health educators and librarians can help integrate the IOM's core competencies and improve public health education.

Cobus L

2008-01-01

386

Visual Literacy Standards in Higher Education: New Opportunities for Libraries and Student Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

Visual literacy is essential for 21st century learners. Across the higher education curriculum, students are being asked to use and produce images and visual media in their academic work, and they must be prepared to do so. The Association of College and Research Libraries has published the "Visual Literacy Competency Standards for Higher…

Hattwig, Denise; Bussert, Kaila; Medaille, Ann; Burgess, Joanna

2013-01-01

387

An International Collaboration: Establishing an Education Collection in a Library in Qatar  

Science.gov (United States)

Texas A&M University has a history of international collaboration, cooperation and global outreach. Texas A&M University at Qatar provides engineering students in the Middle East with an education, and ultimately, a degree comparable to that found on our home campus in College Station. The Texas A&M University Libraries have provided curricular…

Smith, Jane

2008-01-01

388

Interactive team suggestion for users of digital libraries: Using subject thesauri and co-occurrence lists for information retrieval  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The basic problem in information retrieval is that large-scale searches can only match terms specified by the user to terms appearing in documents in the digital library collection. Intermediate sources that support term suggestion can thus enhance retrieval by providing alternative search terms for the user. Term suggestion increases the recall, while interaction enables the user to attempt to not decrease the precision. We are building a prototype user interface that will become the Web interface for the University of Illinois Digital Library Initiative (DLI) testbed. It supports the principal of multiple views, where different kinds of term suggestors can be used to complement search and each other. This paper discusses its operation with two complementary term suggestors, subject thesauri and co-occurrence lists, and compared their utility. Thesauri are generated by human indexers and place selected terms in a subject hierarchy. Co-occurrence lists are generated by computer and place all terms in frequency order of occurrence together. This paper concludes with a discussion of how multiple views can help provide good quality Search for the Net. This is a paper about the design of a retrieval system prototype that allows users to simultaneously combine terms offered by different suggestion techniques, not about comparing the merits of each in a systematic and controlled way. It offers no experimental results.

Schatz, B.R.; Johnson, E.H.; Cochrane, P.A. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31

389

Information literacy education and instruction in academic libraries and LIS schools in institutions of higher education in South Africa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Information literacy (IL) is increasingly becoming one of the core subjects in many LIS schools’ curricula today. It is universally considered one of the effective means through which one’s information skills are developed, and more especially at Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). The aim of this study is to explore the availability and implementation of information literacy programmes in South Africa, with special reference to LIS schools/departments and academic libraries. The study is largely informed by a literature review of scholarly journal articles, books and Internet sources and a survey involving LIS schools/departments and academic libraries in South Africa. Results indicate that most LIS schools and academic libraries provide IL programmes; the IL programmes are known by different titles/names; there are common as well as uncommon topics offered to students; the IL programme is largely offered to first year students by qualified LIS professionals; the purpose of offering IL programmes is generally to enable students to access, select and utilise resources effectively; the challenges of IL provision include lack of resources (e.g. staff, funds and e-laboratories) and support; and the library’s and LIS departments’ community engagement as far as IL provision is concerned is minimal. Several recommendations towards the improvement of IL delivery by LIS departments and academic libraries in South Africa are made.

Glenrose Velile Jiyane; Omwoyo Bosire Onyancha

2010-01-01

390

Actions in the design and development of digital educational objects: institutional programmes  

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Full Text Available Included among the actions contemplated within the "Internet in the Classroom" programme for promoting the efficient introduction of ICTs in education, there is a whole line of work aimed at providing the education community with an extensive catalogue of digital educational objects, available through a federated network of repositories and accessible via the education portals of Spain's autonomous regions and the Ministry of Education and Science.

Manuel Gértrudix; Sergio Álvarez; Antonio Galisteo; María del Carmen Gálvez; Felipe Gértrudix

2007-01-01

391

Shifting gears higher - digital slides in graduate education - 4 years experience at Semmelweis University  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The spreading of whole slide imaging or digital slide systems in pathology as an innovative technique seems to be unstoppable. Successful introduction of digital slides in education has played a crucial role to reach this level of acceptance. Practically speaking there is no university institute where digital materials are not built into pathology education. At the 1st. Department of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research, Semmelweis University optical microscopes have been replaced and for four years only digital slides have been used in education. The aim of this paper is to summarize our experiences gathered with the installation of a fully digitized histology lab for graduate education. Methods We have installed a digital histology lab with 40 PCs, two slide servers - one for internal use and one with external internet access. We have digitized hundreds of slides and after 4 years we use a set of 126 slides during the pathology course. A Student satisfaction questionnaire and a Tutor satisfaction questionnaire have been designed, both to be completed voluntarily to have feed back from the users. The page load statistics of the external slide server were evaluated. Results The digital histology lab served ~900 students and ~1600 hours of histology practice. The questionnaires revealed high satisfaction with digital slides. The results also emphasize the importance of the tutors' attitude towards digital microscopy as a factor influencing the students' satisfaction. The constantly growing number of page downloads from the external server confirms this satisfaction and the acceptance of digital slides. Conclusions We are confident, and have showed as well, that digital slides have got numerous advantages over optical slides and are more suitable in education.

Fónyad László; Gerely László; Cserneky Mária; Molnár Béla; Matolcsy András

2010-01-01

392

Investigating Elementary School Students' Technology Acceptance by Applying Digital Game-Based Learning to Environmental Education  

Science.gov (United States)

|In order to improve and promote students' environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour, integrating environmental education into the primary education curriculum has become a key issue for environmental education. For this reason, this study aimed to investigate elementary school students' acceptance of technology applying digital game-based…

Cheng, Yuh-Ming; Lou, Shi-Jer; Kuo, Sheng-Huang; Shih, Ru-Chu

2013-01-01

393

Developing the Vision: Preparing Teachers to Deliver a Digital World-Class Education System  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2008 Australians were promised a "Digital Education Revolution" by the government to dramatically change classroom education and build a "world-class education system". Eight billion dollars have been spent providing computer equipment for upper secondary classrooms, yet there is little evidence that a revolution has occurred in Australian…

Lane, Jenny M.

2012-01-01

394

Alfabetización digital para docentes de postgrado/ Digital literacy for graduate education professors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En un estudio exploratorio, piloto, de campo, dirigido a alfabetizar digitalmente a los facilitadores de los programas de postgrado de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad de Carabobo. Se seleccionaron al azar 39 facilitadores. Al asumir el proceso de investigación-acción propuesto por Kemmis y MCTaggart (1992), se previeron cuatro etapas: (a) reflexión inicial, (b) planificación, (c) ejecución y observación y (d) reflexión. La reflexión inic (more) ial condujo a la planificación de un proyecto de alfabetización tecnológica partiendo de un diagnóstico acerca del grado de conocimiento y posesión de habilidades y destrezas informáticas de los docentes. El diagnóstico evidenció que éstos tienen dominio del uso del computador, pero no de las herramientas de internet, por lo que se realizaron tres talleres en los cuales se utilizó la estrategia aprender haciendo. La ejecución permitió observar que un muy reducido número de docentes empleó las plataformas de aprendizaje en la implantación de sus cursos de postgrado a través de Internet. La experiencia deja planteada la necesidad de estudiar el papel de factores intervinientes como la motivación, entusiasmo, actitud hacia la educación asistida por Internet y presencia de patrones mentales tradicionales, lo cual pudo haber influido en la deserción. Abstract in english It was an exploratory, pilot, field study, with the purpose to teach digital literacy to graduate professors, Faculty of Education, Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela. 39 professors were randomly selected. Since action research process by Kemmis and MCTaggart (1992) was assumed, four stages were planned: (a) initial reflection, (b) planning, (c) implementation and observation, and (d) reflection. Initial reflection leaded to the planning of a digital literacy project base (more) d on a diagnostic study, not only about professor knowledge on computers, but also on their personal computer skills and abilities. Diagnostic results showed that they are knowledgeable about computers but they do not know much about internet tools. For that reason, three workshops were carried out to train them through learning by doing. Implementation allowed to observe that a reduced number of professors used the studied learning platforms to mediate the learning process in the graduate courses they were responsible to through Internet. This study arose the need to study the role of factors such as motivation, enthusiasm, attitude toward Internet assisted education and traditional thought patterns which may have affected desertion.

Páez, Haydée

2008-12-01

395

Alfabetización digital para docentes de postgrado Digital literacy for graduate education professors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En un estudio exploratorio, piloto, de campo, dirigido a alfabetizar digitalmente a los facilitadores de los programas de postgrado de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad de Carabobo. Se seleccionaron al azar 39 facilitadores. Al asumir el proceso de investigación-acción propuesto por Kemmis y MCTaggart (1992), se previeron cuatro etapas: (a) reflexión inicial, (b) planificación, (c) ejecución y observación y (d) reflexión. La reflexión inicial condujo a la planificación de un proyecto de alfabetización tecnológica partiendo de un diagnóstico acerca del grado de conocimiento y posesión de habilidades y destrezas informáticas de los docentes. El diagnóstico evidenció que éstos tienen dominio del uso del computador, pero no de las herramientas de internet, por lo que se realizaron tres talleres en los cuales se utilizó la estrategia aprender haciendo. La ejecución permitió observar que un muy reducido número de docentes empleó las plataformas de aprendizaje en la implantación de sus cursos de postgrado a través de Internet. La experiencia deja planteada la necesidad de estudiar el papel de factores intervinientes como la motivación, entusiasmo, actitud hacia la educación asistida por Internet y presencia de patrones mentales tradicionales, lo cual pudo haber influido en la deserción.It was an exploratory, pilot, field study, with the purpose to teach digital literacy to graduate professors, Faculty of Education, Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela. 39 professors were randomly selected. Since action research process by Kemmis and MCTaggart (1992) was assumed, four stages were planned: (a) initial reflection, (b) planning, (c) implementation and observation, and (d) reflection. Initial reflection leaded to the planning of a digital literacy project based on a diagnostic study, not only about professor knowledge on computers, but also on their personal computer skills and abilities. Diagnostic results showed that they are knowledgeable about computers but they do not know much about internet tools. For that reason, three workshops were carried out to train them through learning by doing. Implementation allowed to observe that a reduced number of professors used the studied learning platforms to mediate the learning process in the graduate courses they were responsible to through Internet. This study arose the need to study the role of factors such as motivation, enthusiasm, attitude toward Internet assisted education and traditional thought patterns which may have affected desertion.

Haydée Páez

2008-01-01

396

A preliminary analysis of library holdings as compared to the basic resources for pharmacy education list.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The catalogs of 11 university libraries were analyzed against the Basic Resources for Pharmaceutical Education (BRPE) to measure the percent coverage of the core total list as well as the core sublist. There is no clear trend in this data to link school age, size, or rank with percentage of coverage of the total list or the "First Purchase" core list when treated as independent variables. Approximately half of the schools have significantly higher percentages of core titles than statistically expected. Based on this data, it is difficult to predict what percentage of titles on the BRPE a library will contain.

Vaughan KT; Lerner RC

2013-01-01

397

A preliminary analysis of library holdings as compared to the basic resources for pharmacy education list.  

Science.gov (United States)

The catalogs of 11 university libraries were analyzed against the Basic Resources for Pharmaceutical Education (BRPE) to measure the percent coverage of the core total list as well as the core sublist. There is no clear trend in this data to link school age, size, or rank with percentage of coverage of the total list or the "First Purchase" core list when treated as independent variables. Approximately half of the schools have significantly higher percentages of core titles than statistically expected. Based on this data, it is difficult to predict what percentage of titles on the BRPE a library will contain. PMID:23869637

Vaughan, K T L V; Lerner, Rachel C

2013-01-01

398

Metadata issues in Digital Libraries: key concepts and perspectives I metadati nelle biblioteche digitali: concetti chiave e prospettive  

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Full Text Available The article sets out to investigate the meaning, role and implications of some information management approaches used in Digital Library practice. A greater focus on innovation in managing online resources and on improving their interoperability can be achieved by normalizing metadata schemas through interoperable standards, world-wide accepted controlled vocabularies as well as by their enrichment through qualitatively constructed ontologies and linked data, which are key to the expansion of the semantic reasoning on the web through building and connection of additional semantic layers on top of metadata descriptions. Reviewing some innovative methods of information representation (LODe-BD, SWAP), the paper tries to lead the reader to discover some new ways of knowledge creation in digital information environment, in particular what concerns digital bibliographic records.L'articolo si propone di esaminare il significato, il ruolo e le implicazioni di alcuni approcci utilizzati nella gestione della biblioteca digitale.L'innovazione nella gestione delle risorse online e il miglioramento della loro interoperabilità si può ottenere con una normalizzazione degli schemi di metadati attraverso l'uso di standard interoperabili e vocabolari internazionali e condivisi, e con l'arricchimento dato da ontologie e linked data, che sono alla base delle riflessioni sul web semantico e sulla costruzione di livelli semantici sulle descrizioni dei metadati.Attraverso l'esame di alcune metodologie innovative di rappresentazione dell'informazione (LODe-BD, SWAP), l'articolo mostra alcune modalità di creazione della conoscenza in ambiente digitale, con particolare riferimento ai dati bibliografici.

Iryna Solodovnik

2011-01-01

399

A educação na era da TV digital: interfaces e conexões / Education in the age of digital TV: interfaces and connections  

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Full Text Available No final da década de 1980 alguns países da Europa bem como o Japão e os Estados Unidos iniciaram pesquisas para o desenvolvimento de modelos de TV digital. No Brasil, somente em 2003 após publicação do Decreto 4.901, começou o desenvolvimento de pesquisas visando a construção do Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão Digital (SBTVD) que dentre outros objetivos deveria promover a inclusão social e a formação de uma rede de educação a distância. A TV digital é considera por alguns autores como uma nova mídia, pois ela traz características do computador e da televisão. Desta forma esta nova mídia pode facultar novas formas de comunicação, de produção de conteúdos e de interatividade, o que para a área da educação são aspectos de fundamental importância, uma vez que até o momento com a televisão analógica não há possibilidades de construção de conteúdos colaborativos tanto pelo fator tecnológico quanto principalmente pelo fator político centralizador das produções disponíveis hoje. Nesse texto analisamos alguns aspectos da implantação da TV digital em Portugal e no Brasil bem como as possibilidades de utilização do Serviço de Apoio ao Professor em Sala de Aula (SAPSA) desenvolvido pela Fundação Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Telecomunicações (CPqD). Como resultado deste trabalho, constatamos a potencialidade da TV digital na formação de redes de colaboração necessárias para o desenvolvimento da educação. Neste sentido, percebemos que cabe igualmente aos responsáveis pelos sistemas de educação e a nós educadores evidenciarmos que queremos uma TV digital que possibilite a construção de redes colaborativas capazes de potencializar a interconexão entre educação, culturas e conhecimentos.AbstractAt the end of the 80’s, some European countries as well as Japan and the United States started researches for the development of digital tv models. In brazil, after publishing the law # 4.901 in 2003, digital tv researches started to build the Brazilian System for Digital Television (SBTVD) which would promote social inclusion and create a distance education network among other objectives. Digital TV is considered by some authors a new media as it includes characteristics from the computer as much as from the television. This new media format may interchange new forms of communication, content production and interactivity and this is fundamental to education nowadays as the analogical television does not permit content production in a collaborative form as much as for the technological aspects or the centralizing political factor from available productions today. Here, in this paper, we analyze some aspects of the implementation of digital tv in Portugal and in Brazil as well as the possibilities of using the Supporting Service to Teachers in Classroom (SAPSA) developed by the Telecommunication Development Research Center Foundation (CPqD). As a result of this work, we acknowledged the potential of digital tv on the formation of collaborative networks to develop education. That said, we realized that it is responsibility of the educational system as much as of the educators to install a digital tv that promotes the building of collaborative networks able to bring power to the interconnection of education, culture and knowledge.

Simone de Lucena Ferreira

2011-01-01

400

Educating Knowledge Professionals in Library and Information Science Schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Knowledge management (KM) is a multidisciplinary subject which involves efforts from professionals with diverse backgrounds. This paper aims to investigate the needed educational background and skills for knowledge management professionals. In particular,the focus of the paper is to examine whether ...

Ling-Ling Lai

 
 
 
 
401

O ensino da biblioteca digital nos currículos de graduação em Biblioteconomia / Teaching of digital library subject in librarianship undergraduate curriculum  

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Full Text Available O presente trabalho é uma pesquisa exploratória realizada junto aos coordenadores de cursos de graduação em Biblioteconomia, sobre o ensino de biblioteca digital nas Instituições de Ensino Superior no Brasil. Nela foi possível identificar se atualmente esses cursos de graduação estão preocupados em transmitir o assunto aos alunos, visando à formação profissional, para o futuro que vem abrindo portas nesta área. Com o levantamento foi possível analisar: se há uma disciplina específica ou um módulo dentro de uma disciplina; a língua em que se encontra a bibliografia adotada; se possui aulas práticas; em que semestre do fluxo acadêmico é oferecida; se é obrigatória ou optativa; a frequência de oferta; a formação do professor que ministra o conteúdo; se é oferecida no próprio departamento; e se a instituição oferece seminários sobre o assunto.

Barbara Olinda de Castro; Murilo Bastos da Cunha

2013-01-01

402

Multimodal Discourse Strategies of Factuality and Subjectivity in Educational Digital Storytelling  

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Full Text Available As new technologies continue to emerge, students and lecturers are provided with new educational tools. One such tool, which is increasingly used in higher education, is digital storytelling, i.e. multi-media digital narratives. Despite the increasing attention that education and media scholars have paid to digital storytelling, there is scant research examining digital narratives from a discourse-analytic perspective.This paper addresses this gap in the literature and, in line with the belief that individuals make meaning through a range of semiotic devices, including, among others, language, sound, graphics and text, it aims to examine discourse strategies of factuality and subjectivity in historical-cultural digital narratives and their multimodal realisations (Kress & Van Leeuwen 2001; Patrona 2005). To carry out this study a corpus of 16 digital stories was compiled and analysed from a multidisciplinary framework which draws from studies on digital storytelling, computer-mediated communication, media studies, and multimodal discourse analysis. Results show that students/digital story tellers resort to a number of varied multimodal discursive strategies which are constitutive of their identity as capable students in an educational setting.

Patricia Bou-Franch

2012-01-01

403

Digital Storytelling in the Middle Childhood Special Education Classroom: A Teacher's Story of Adaptations  

Science.gov (United States)

|This article chronicles one special educator's process of implementing adaptive instructional strategies in her middle school language arts classroom. Paige Michalski crafted adaptations for her students with disabilities in the curricular area of digital storytelling (Banaszewski, 2002; Dunn, 2000). Digital storytelling involves telling stories…

Michalski, Paige; Hodges, Dodi; Banister, Savilla

2005-01-01

404

Digital Scholarly Publishing and Archiving Services by Academic Libraries: The case study of University of Patras  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

During the last years, the dramatic changes in electronic publishing landscape have created new roles and changed the traditional ones. Libraries nowadays have capitalized their experience and knowledge in information technology and electronic publishing to undertake such activities, while they spea...

Georgiou, Panos; Tsakonas, Giannis

405

Transforming Library Service through Information Commons Case Studies for the Digital Age  

CERN Document Server

This invaluable guide provides the “how-to” information necessary for institutions considering the development of an information commons. Offering plain-speaking advice on what works, expert authors Bailey and Tierney provide comprehensive case studies from small and large academic libraries to help librarians implement, provide training for, market, and assess an information commons.

Bailey, D Russell

2008-01-01

406

Study of Digital Learning and its implementation on Student Mobility in Engineering Education  

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Full Text Available The advent of information and communication technologies (ICT), learning has entered into an era of change unparalleled in this generation. The issue is, how theoretical knowledge can apply to real world problem? Academics worldwide have come to the conclusion that traditional learning methods must give way to Digital learning (D-learning). However, in order to change a paradigm, there must be a change in the way that people believe, think and act. A change to Digital learning in engineering education is a paradigm that has its associated challenges. Innovations are required so as to accomplish Digital learning in engineering education. Developing Digital learning tools that will take engineering education beyond traditional capabilities is a part of this challenge. In this paper, I have presented a review on design and development of virtual classroom environment using real-time streaming technology for live and online activity. Student can access the lecture even in presence of mobility for engineering education and exchange their views and ideas on education matter with teachers. This virtual classroom environment with digital learning education can transform the conventional paper education to the paper less education.

Rita Jain,; B. L. Pal,

2012-01-01

407

Information Security Issues in a Digital Library Environment: A Literature Review = Dijital Kütüphane Ortam?nda Bilgi Güvenli?i Sorunlar?: Literatür De?erlendirmesi  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aimed to explore the literature on security issues that digital libraries should consider in managing digital resources. Books on information security and network security were consulted as well as several databases such as ERIC, Ebrary, LISA, Science Direct, EbscoHost, ISI, Google Scholar, ProQuest, Emerald Insight, ACM were searched to understand what particular aspect of information security and privacy in digital libraries exist from 2000 - 2010. Security in digital libraries is an issue of the most important, and should be considered carefully in creating policies and strategic plans of institutions wanting to set up a digital library. This paper focused on the four main streams that concerns security in the digital environment, namely: infrastructure, digital content, users and standards and legal issues. This literature review also built upon previous literature reviews, and is one of the few of its kind in the topic. / Bu çal??ma dijital kütüphanelerin kaynaklar?n yönetiminde göz önünde bulundurmas?gereken güvenlik sorunlar?na ili?kin literatürü ortaya koymay? amaçlamaktad?r. Bilgi Güvenli?i, A? Güvenli?i, Ki?isel Gizlilik konular? üzerine 2000 - 2010 y?l aral???n? kapsayan kitaplar ve makaleler ERIC, Ebrary, LISA, Science Direct, EbscoHost, ISI, Google Akademik, ProQuest, Emerald Insight ve ACM gibi çe?itli veri tabanlar?ndan taranm??t?r. ?ncelenen literatürden elde edilen sonuçlara göre,bilgi güvenli?i dijital kütüphaneler için son derece önemli bir konudur ve dijitalle?me sürecinde bir kütüphane, güvenlik politikalar?n? ve stratejik planlar?n? dikkatle göz önünde bulundurmal?d?r. Bu ara?t?rmada dijital ortamda güvenli?i ilgilendiren Altyap?, Dijital ?çerik, Kullan?c?lar, Standartlar ve Hukuki Konular olmak üzere dört ana madde üzerinde durulmu?tur. Bu çal??ma ayr?ca daha önceki literatür taramalar?n? da kapsamaktad?r.

Anday, Audrey; Francese, Enrico; Huurdeman, Hugo C.; Y?lmaz, Muharrem; Zengenene, Dydimus

2012-01-01

408

CREATION OF PUBLIC DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS AS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR IMPROVING OF GENERAL EDUCATION QUALITY ????????? ????????????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with the problems that must be addressed for digital educational resources to meet current requirements and to ensure their general education, analyzed ways to solve these problems abroad, particularly in the Russian Federation, and suggested possible ways to address them in Ukraine.? ?????? ?????????? ????????, ??? ????????? ????’??????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ????????, ?? ???????????? ???????? ???????, ? ???????????? ???? ???????????????? ?????????? ????????, ?????????????? ??????? ?? ????’?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????, ??????? ? ?????????? ?????????, ?? ????????????? ??????? ????? ?? ????????? ? ???????.

A.?. ????????

2010-01-01

409

Proceeding of the ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (1st, Roanoke, Virginia, June 24-28, 2001).  

Science.gov (United States)

Papers in this Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (Roanoke, Virginia, June 24-28, 2001) discuss: automatic genre analysis; text categorization; automated name authority control; automatic event generation; linked active content; designing e-books for legal research; metadata harvesting; mapping the…

Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY.

410

Multidimensional Indexing and Querying of XML in Digital Libraries and Relational Database Systems Mehrdimensionale XML-Indexierung und Anfragen an XML in digitalen Bibliotheken und relationalen Datenbanksystemen  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The rise of XML (Extensible Markup Language) as a new universal data format created the demand to store XML with established relational database technology. This became even more important as application fields of relational databases like digital library systems also turned towards a massive use of...

Bauer, Michael G.

411

Seeking to Institutionally Embed Lessons from a Funded Project: Experiences from the Digital Libraries in the Classroom Spoken Word Project at Glasgow Caledonian University  

Science.gov (United States)

The Joint Information Systems Committee and the National Science Foundation programme, Digital Libraries in the Classroom (DLiC), addresses implications for the learning of the revolution in scholarly communication. What are the obstacles to undergraduates "'writing' on and for the Internet"? Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU) is a partner in one…

Donald, David; Wallace, Iain

2007-01-01

412

Special programs in medical library education, 1957-1971. II. Analysis of the programs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this report, responses to a questionnaire to the directors of the sixteen past and present medical library education programs are presented. The questionnaires indicate a rather wide variety of training programs with emphases that vary from preparation of management personnel to preparation of subject specialists and those skilled in the techniques of information storage and retrieval. The content of the degree programs is fairly evenly divided among general retrieval and outside courses. The internship programs place more emphasis on the work experience than do the degree programs, supplementing this experience with appropriate courses in science, health sciences, management, and information storage and retrieval. Program directors indicated that new or expanded programs are needed in medical library education, although caution is reflected in comments concerning the limited job market. Most of the internship directors stated that they could not accommodate more individuals in their programs without expansion of staff and facilities.

Roper FW

1973-10-01

413

Network Based Educational Environment How Libraries and Librarians Become Organizers of Knowledge Access and Resources  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we will highlight some important issues which will influence the redefinition of roles and duties of libraries and librarians in a networked based educational environment. Although librarians will also keep their traditional roles of faculty support services as well as reference service and research assistance, we identify the participation in the instructional design process, the support in the evaluation, development and use of a proper authoring system and the customization of information access, as being the domains where libraries and librarians should mainly involve themselves in the next future and make profit of their expertise in information and knowledge organization in order to properly and effectively support the institutions in the use of Information Technology in education.

Pettenati, M C; Pettenati, Corrado

2000-01-01

414

The New Generation of Citation Indexing in the Age of Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

As the Web is becoming a powerful new medium in scientific publication and scholarly communication, citation indexing has found a new application in the digital environment. The authors reviewed the new developments in Web-based citation indexing and conducted a case study in three major citation search tools, "Web of Science", "Scopus" and…

Liu, Mengxiong; Cabrera, Peggy

2008-01-01

415

The New Generation of Citation Indexing in the Age of Digital Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

|As the Web is becoming a powerful new medium in scientific publication and scholarly communication, citation indexing has found a new application in the digital environment. The authors reviewed the new developments in Web-based citation indexing and conducted a case study in three major citation search tools, "Web of Science", "Scopus" and…

Liu, Mengxiong; Cabrera, Peggy

2008-01-01

416

Inside the Web: A Look at Digital Libraries and the Invisible/Deep Web  

Science.gov (United States)

|The evolution of the Internet and the World Wide Web continually exceeds expectations with the "swift pace" of technological innovations. Information is added, and just as quickly becomes outdated at a rapid pace. Researchers have found that Digital materials can provide access to primary source materials and connect the researcher to…

Su, Mila C.

2009-01-01

417

[Use of cyber library and digital tools are crucial for academic surgeons].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In addition to busy clinical work, an academic surgeon has to spend a lot of time and efforts in writing and submitting articles to scientific journals, teaching young surgical trainees to write an article, organizing and updating his/her academic performances in the curriculum vitae, and writing research grant applications. The use of cyber library and commercially available computer software is useful in saving time and effort.

Tomizawa Y

2010-10-01

418

[Use of cyber library and digital tools are crucial for academic surgeons].  

Science.gov (United States)

In addition to busy clinical work, an academic surgeon has to spend a lot of time and efforts in writing and submitting articles to scientific journals, teaching young surgical trainees to write an article, organizing and updating his/her academic performances in the curriculum vitae, and writing research grant applications. The use of cyber library and commercially available computer software is useful in saving time and effort. PMID:20954354

Tomizawa, Yasuko

2010-10-01

419

Digital Images in Teaching and Learning at York University: Are the Libraries Meeting the Needs of Faculty Members in Fine Arts?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – This study assessed the needs for digital image delivery to facultymembers in Fine Arts at York University in order to ensure that future decisionsregarding the provision of digital images offered through commercial vendors andlicensed by the Libraries meet the needs of teaching faculty.Methods – The study was comprised of four parts. A Web survey was distributed to62 full-time faculty members in the Faculty of Fine Arts in February of 2011. A total of25 responses were received. Follow-up interviews were conducted with nine facultymembers. Usage statistics were examined for licensed library image databases. Arequest was posted on the electronic mail lists of the Art Libraries Society of NorthAmerica (ARLIS-L) and the Art Libraries Society of North America Canada Chapter(CARLIS-L) in April 2011 requesting feedback regarding the use of licensed imagedatabases. There were 25 responses received.Results – Licensed image databases receive low use and pose pedagogical andtechnological challenges for the majority of the faculty members in Fine Arts that wesurveyed. Relevant content is the overriding priority, followed by expediency and convenience, which take precedence over copyright and cleared permissions, resulting in a heavy reliance on Google Images Search.Conclusions – The needs of faculty members in Fine Arts who use digital images in their teaching at York University are not being met. The greatest shortcomings of licensed image databases provided by the Libraries are the content and technical challenges, which impede the ability of faculty to fully exploit them. Issues that need to be resolved include the lack of contemporary and Canadian content, training and support, and organizational responsibility for the provision of digital images and support for the use of digital images.

Mary Kandiuk; Aaron Lupton

2012-01-01

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Libraries and Librarianship in Qatar.  

Science.gov (United States)

Outline of the library movement in Qatar, a peninsula located on the middle of the western shore of the Arabian Gulf, includes the educational system, book publishing, establishment of the National Library in 1963, public libraries (2), academic libraries (2), school libraries (54), special libraries (5), and library education. (EJS)

Aman, Mohammed M.; Khalifa, Sha'ban A.

1983-01-01