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1

The Ontological Turn Misunderstood: How to Misunderstand David Armstrong’s Theory of Possibility  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article argues that there is a great divide between semantics and metaphysics. Much of what is called metaphysics today is still stuck in the linguistic turn. This is illustrated by showing how Fraser MacBride misunderstands David Armstrong's theory of modality.

Wachter, Daniel Von

2004-01-01

2

Religion and Modernization in Comparative Perspective - David Martin's Theory of Secularization reconsidered  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"David Martins 'General Theory of Secularization' stellt die bisher beste historisch-soziologische Typologie von Religionsentwicklung und Prozessen der Säkularisierung in der europäisch-christlichen Zivilisation (einschließlich Nord- und Südamerikas) dar. Seit ihrer Veröffentlichung im Jahr 1978 haben sich sowohl in der Religionsgeschichte und Religionssoziologie als auch in der empirischen Anschauungsgrundlage (vor allem in Osteuropa, Südeuropa und Südamerika) enorme Entwicklungen vol...

Spohn, Willfried; Rehberg, Karl-siegbert

1997-01-01

3

Theory of Money of David Ricardo: Quantity Theory and Theory of Value  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available What is to be underlined in characterizing the Ricardo’s quantity theory, is that it is a theory of determination of the value of money in a particular situation where money, whatever the form may be, shall be prevented from freely entering or leaving circulation. For Ricardo, the regulation of the value of money by its quantity is a particular case in which the adjustment of the market price to the natural price requires a long period of time. The quantitativist determination is not valid unconditionally, but only when the time of observation is shorter than that of this adjustment. The determination of the value of money is, in any case, barely linked to his theory of the value of commodities. Contrary to the commonly accepted interpretation, Ricardo did not apply to the determination of the value of money any theory of value different from that applied to commodities in general.

Susumu Takenaga

2003-07-01

4

David Fell  

...David Fell sustainable environment behaviour change waste climate change climate analysis research brook lyndhurst well-being food sustainable environment behaviour change waste climate change climate ...analysis research brook lyndhurst well-being food Home About us Staff David Fell David Fell Director David Fell co-founded Brook Lyndhurst and ... Before setting up Brook Lyndhurst, David was director of economic development with EDAW; director with Business Strategies Ltd (now part ... If you would like to be notified when Brook Lyndhurst publishes similar research, please tick this box. We will send you ...

5

Nobel Prize in Physics 2004 "for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction": David J Gross, H David Politzer and Frank Wilczek  

CERN Multimedia

Prof. David Gross, (Professor of Theoretical Physics, Director of the Kavli Institute For Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara) presents "The Future of Physics". In this talk, he discusses 25 questions that might guide physics, in the broadest sense, over the next 25 years.

2005-01-01

6

David Hilbert's lectures on the foundations of physics 1915-1927 relativity, quantum theory and epistemology  

CERN Document Server

A single system of economic governance - capitalism - prevails in the world today, both in theory and in practice. Yet there is neither a standard definition of capitalism nor a theory of how it works. Moreover, the most common conception of capitalism is that of a one-level system governed by markets, i.e., supply and demand, where many socioeconomic externalities are ignored. The purpose of this book is to counter this conception, showing that capitalism is more than markets. In fact, capitalism shares many parallels with everyday organized sports, in that both are indirect, three-level syst

Sauer, Tilman

2009-01-01

7

David Scott  

Science.gov (United States)

Dr. David R. Scott was appointed Director of NASA's Flight Research Center on April 18, 1975. From August 1973 he served as Deputy Director of FRC and was appointed acting director in January 1975. He is retired from the U.S. Air Force where he held the rank of Colonel. Dave left the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center on October 30, 1977 after the Center had been renamed in honor of Hugh L. Dryden. As a NASA astronaut, Scott flew on Gemini 8, Apollo 9 and was spacecraft commander of Apollo 15. When he left the astronaut corps in 1972, Scott was named Technical Assistant to the Apollo Program Manager at Johnson Space Center in Houston. Later he served as Special Assistant for Mission Operations and Government Funded Equipment. Dave earned a Bachelor of Science Degree from the United States Military Academy in 1954, standing fifth in a class of 633, and the degrees of Bachelor and Master of Science in Aeronautics and Astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1962. He was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Astronautical Science from the University of Michigan in 1971. Dave has graduated from the Air Force Experimental Test Pilot School and Aerospace Research Pilot School. He has over 5,600 hours flying time along with 20 hours of extra vehicular activity (EVA) time. Dr. Scott is a Fellow of the American Astronautical Society; Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics; a member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Xi, and Sigma Gamma Tau. Among Dr. Scott's special honors are two NASA Distinguished Service Medals, the NASA Exceptional Service Medal, two Air Force Distinguished Service Medals, the Air Force Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Force Association's David C. Schilling Trophy, and the Robert J. Collier Trophy for 1971.

1975-01-01

8

Connla's well: An exploration of similar elements of ancient Celtic perspectives and David Bohm's theories in quantum physics from a Jungian perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

This dissertation addresses the common elements between ancient Celtic mystical doctrines and philosophy and David Bohm's unique theories in quantum physics through a Jungian lens, using research based in dialogical hermeneutics. The premise of this dissertation is that psi, or the probability wave function of quantum physics, and its world of potentia are the same entities as Jung's objective psyche (or collective unconscious) and its domain, the unus mundus. In addition, the study explores the remarkable similarity between the ancient Celts' Otherworld, quantum physics' world of potentia, and Jung's unus mundus. These similarities argue for an in-depth Jungian analysis of this important but largely neglected mythology. The study explores the supposition, based partially on physicist David Bohm's theories of the implicate and explicate orders, that the above world of potentia intertwines with our three-dimensional world in a reciprocal creativity, designed to enhance both worlds. The study further advocates a greater emphasis on the creative arts therapies in the therapeutic situation, based on the above reciprocity. It is argued that this emphasis on creativity in the temenos may activate a profound "quantum leap" of insight in the analysand, most likely due to the reciprocity in which the objective psyche responds uniquely to the particular and individual creativity offered in order to heal the personal psyche. As we creatively access the objective psyche, that entity responds in kind, giving us new understanding and allowing us to change our attitudes and to further individuation, which in turn enhances the objective psyche. In addition, a psyche of reality is postulated in which Jung's concept of the objective psyche is expanded from the collective unconscious of humankind to a collective unconscious of All That Is, reflecting the findings in quantum physics that our universe is self-aware, organic, and holistic rather than mechanical and fragmented.

Maciel, Duan

9

Henry David Venema biography  

...Nutrient LoadingPaper: Bryan Oborne, Henry David Venema, Allen Tyrchniewicz, 2007 Put ecosystem to work: Restoring wetlands, managing watersheds could save Lake WinnipegCommentary: Henry David Venema, 2007 Field Testing the Draft Canadian Biodiversity Index: A Report on Applying Real Ecosystem Data to the CBI Paper: Richard Grosshans, Carol Murray, László Pintér, Risa Smith, Henry David Venema, 2006 Full-cost Accounting for Agriculture - Year 2 Report: Valuing Changes in Agri-Environmental IndicatorsPaper: Stephan Barg, Darren A. Swanson, Henry David Venema, 2005 Valuing Changes in Agri-Environmental IndicatorsPaper: Stephan Barg, Darren A. ...

10

Pora prodavat znanija / David Tisch  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

California Ülikooli (Berkeley) professor David Tisch teadmistepõhistest väärtustest ja nende mõjust konkurentsivõimele, konkurentsist innovatsiooniturul, Silicon Valley edu põhjustest, väikeste ja keskmiste ettevõtete osast innovatsioonis. Lisa: David Tisch

Tisch, David

2006-01-01

11

Tipos de aprendizaje en estudiantes de enseñanza media técnico profesional: Un análisis desde la teoría de David Ausubel / Learning kinds for students of technical high school: An analysis from the David Ausubel's theory  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Este artigo apresenta os resultados da pesquisa de campo, não experimental, observacional, correlacional, básico, transacional, dados mistos, sociologia micro, levando a umestudo de inquéritos. O propósito do estudosão os tipos de aprendizagem e a unidade de análiseforam 529 estudantes do ensinomédi [...] o e técnico Nm3 NM4 Professional, entre 16 e 21 anos de idade , seu objetivo é compreender o impacto da aprendizagemmecânica, guiada, auto e significativa o nível de realização e resultados de aprendizagem do currículo diferenciados com base no pensamento de David Ausubel, associadas a diferentes especialidades econômica (MINEDUC, 1998) que sãoprofissionalmenteassuntos. Para coletar dados de teste foi utilizado TADA - DO2, o teste temum índice de confiabilidade de 0,911 de acordocom Cronbach. Do bate pode-se afirmar a partir da acusação da hipótese nula de que nãoháassociação significativa (a = 0, 0 5) entre os tipos de aprendizagem e de aprendizagem esperados do plano de formação diferenciada para ambos os sexos masculino e feminino. Indicam que a formação de técnicos de nívelmédio para umacolocaçãobem sucedida do trabalho de seus graduados, esta é umatarefa complexa. Abstract in spanish Este artículo presenta los hallazgos de una investigación de campo, no experimental, observacional, correlacional, básica, transeccional, de datos mixtos, micro sociológica, dando lugar a un estudio de encuestas. El objeto de estudio son los tipos de aprendizaje y la unidad de análisis fueron 529 es [...] tudiantes de enseñanza media Técnico Profesional de N M 3 y NM 4 entre 16 y 21 años de edad; su propósito es conocer el impacto del aprendizaje memorístico, guiado, autónomo y significativo en el nivel de logro y resultados de aprendizaje del plan de estudio diferenciado , b asado en el pensamiento de David Ausubel , asociado a las distintas Áreas Económicas y especialidades (MINEDUC, 1998) donde se forman profesionalmente los sujetos de estudio. P ar a reunir dato s s e aplic ó el test TADA - DO 2 ; la prueba presenta un índice de confiabilidad de 0, 911 según Cronbach . Desde los aciertos se puede aseverar desde el e n j u i ciamiento de la hipótesis nula, que hay asociación significativa a = 0,05) entre los tipos de aprendizaje y los aprendizajes esperados del plan de formación profesional diferenciado tanto para el género masculino como femenino.I ndicar que la formación de técnicos de nivel medio para una inserción laboral exitosa de sus titulados, r esulta se r una tarea compleja. Abstract in english This article presents the findings of a field research, not experimental, observational, correlating, basic, of mixed data, micro sociologic, leading to a study of surveys. The object of study is to find learning kinds, and the unit of analysis were 529 high school students between 16 and 21 years o [...] ld. Its purpose is to understand the impact of learning by rote, guided, self learned and meaningful learning and its achievement degree besides the learning outcomes of differentiated curriculum based on David Ausubel's thoughts, associated with different economic specialties (MINEDUC, 1998) where the population of the study is trained. To collect data, the test TADA - DO2 was used, this test has a reliability index of 0.911 according to Cronbach. From the hits it can be stated from the null hypothesis that there is a significant association ( a = 0,05) between the learning kinds and the learning expected of differentiated training plan for both, male and female. It is complex to state that the training of the middle-level technicians leads to a successful employment.

Olivera Rivera, Eduardo; Donoso Gómez, Juan; Orellana Saavedra, Ángela.

12

David Macaulay's Pyramid.  

Science.gov (United States)

Integrating literature and mathematics can be meaningful using David Macaulay's "Pyramid." This article provides an annotated bibliography of picture books, fiction, folk tales, nonfiction, videotapes, audio books, and CD-ROMs for grades 1-12 to support a unit on Egypt. Describes related math activities; and highlights a catalog of multimedia…

Frew, Andrew W.

1997-01-01

13

David Mabb & Henrik Schrat  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

David Mabb and Henrik Schrat have explored their joint interest in and critique of utopian and dystopian thought through dialogues between the works in the exhibition. The artists have used two books as a departure point: William Morris’ Wood beyond the World, 1892, and Roadside Picnic by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, 1977. William Morris was a 19th Century English designer, writer and communist whose wallpaper and fabric designs are still widely distributed today. Arkady and Boris Strugatsk...

Mabb, David; Schrat, Henrik

2013-01-01

14

David Berrigan's biography  

Science.gov (United States)

David Berrigan, PhD, MPH, has been a Biologist in the Office of the Associate Director of the Applied Research Program since 2003. He previously served as a Cancer Prevention Fellow with funding from the Division of Cancer Prevention from 1999-2003. Before coming to NCI, he was a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer at the University of Washington and at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, with funding from the National Science Foundation and the USDA.

15

David Dunlap Observatory  

Science.gov (United States)

The David Dunlap Observatory (DDO) is located 25 km north of the center of Toronto, Canada, in the town of Richmond Hill at 79d 25' 20''W and +43d 51'' 46''N. Operated as a research and educational facility of the Department of Astronomy at the University of Toronto, DDO is the site of a 1.88 m reflecting telescope, the largest in Canada. Two smaller telescopes plus computer, library and support...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

16

David Warner (1934 - 2003)  

CERN Multimedia

It is with great sadness that we learned that our friend and former colleague, David Warner, passed away on Christmas Eve. The funeral was held the following Monday. David was a "linac man". His career centred around linacs, but with a multitude of different subjects. He began at CERN by building the 3 MeV linac in the extension of the South Hall. He did pioneering work on this machine, which paved the way towards the design of the Alvarez cavities for the CERN Linac 2, for which he was responsible. After this challenge was successfully finished, David was the first member of the small but growing team, that was in charge of building the LEP Injector Linacs (LIL). After having been recognised as a proton linac expert, he quickly converted to electron linacs where he soon became the respected key expert for the design, parameters and ultimate performance of LIL. His predilection for precise and detailed documentation, and his vision that the know-how acquired with LIL should be preserved a...

2004-01-01

17

David Bowie's Hauntology  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

David Bowie's now-defunct rock-opera trilogy's first installment 1. Outside is filled with uncanny mediations of rock music's chameleon. The inner sleeve booklet is titled The Diary of Nathan Adler, or the Ritual Art-Murder of Baby Grace Blue: A non-linear Gothic Drama Hyper-Cycle. Behind this long-winded title, is the story of a murder, narrated by several characters through both text, music and images. Bowie, however, is the narrator of all these different voices, using technology to distort his voice into these different characters as separate entities. His voice and presence haunts the entire album in uncanny forms, just as all images in the booklet are distorted images of Bowie himself, made into uncanny doubles. The story begins with the murder of Baby Grace Blue, who is enacted by Bowie himself. Symbolically, Bowie is murdered by himself, while Baby Grace haunts the entire album's Gothic and labyrinthine structure. My paper will focus on the mediated double of David Bowie, his ventriloquist voiceand simulacral presence as character, creator and ghost. I will problematize the notion of an outside to the album, focussing on what can be termed the album's hauntological status.

Christiansen, Steen Ledet

18

Off-Shore: A Deconstruction of David Maclagan’s and David Mann’s ‘Inscape’ Papers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper is a response to two recent papers in The International Journal of Art Therapy, Inscape that set out positions in relation to art therapy theory. David Maclagan (2005) argues for the importance of ‘imagination’ in art therapy, and David Mann (2006) responds by defending a Freudian view of art therapy which he feels Maclagan has unfairly attacked on the grounds of it suppressing imagination. The view of this paper is that the arguments in both papers perpetuate the split in art...

Skaife, Sally

2008-01-01

19

David Hume e o conhecimento  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nesta breve introdução ao empirismo de David Hume, serão abordadas as seções II a IV do “Investigação Acerca do Entendimento Humano”, de 1748, a partir da tradução para a coleção “Os Pensadores”.

Leandro Laube

2010-09-01

20

Ilves kutsus David Cameroni külla  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Rahvusvahelisele e-lahenduste ja küberjulgeoleku konverentsile Londonisse saabunud president Toomas Hendrik Ilves kohtus 1. novembril 2011 Suurbritannia peaministri David Cameroniga. Rahvusvaheline küberjulgeolekukonverents Londonis 01.11.2011 - 02.11.2011

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

A Reply from David Elkind.  

Science.gov (United States)

Replying to Robert H. Anderson's article in the same "Principal" issue, David Elkind defends his article against classroom rotation. Elkind strongly favors multiage grouping and team teaching, but views the real issue as departmentalization and rotation versus self-contained classrooms. Although multiage grouping and team teaching are superior…

Elkind, David

1989-01-01

22

Venemaa - lähedane ja kauge / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Rmt.: Sergejev, Vladimir ; Vseviov, David. Venemaa - lähedane ja kauge : aegade algusest kuni Vassili III-ni. Tallinn : Valgus, 2002 ; Sergejev, Vladimir ; Vseviov, David. Venemaa - lähedane ja kauge : vürstiriigist tsaaririigiks. Ivan IV. Tallinn : Valgus, 2007.

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2007-01-01

23

Generalized Stillinger--David Potential  

CERN Document Server

We present an improved version of the Stillinger--David polarization potential of the intermolecular interaction in water. A clear algorithm of construction of a function describing the oxygen-hydrogen interaction in water molecules is formulated. A new approach to the modeling of a function screening the charge-dipole interaction on small distances is developed. To describe the long-range asymptotics of the intermolecular potential, the bare Stillinger--David potential is supplemented by a term related to the interaction of dipole moments of oxygen ions. In addition, we introduce a term involving a deformation of the electron shells of oxygen ions to the polarization component. These corrections allow us to successfully reproduce all essential results of quantum mechanical calculations of the interaction energy for water molecules obtained by Clementi. Analyzing the behavior of the dipole moment of a water molecule as a function of the intermolecular distance, we obtain the estimate of irreducible two-partic...

Zhyganiuk, Igor

2012-01-01

24

DAVID gene ID conversion tool  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Our current biological knowledge is spread over many independent bioinformatics databases where many different types of gene and protein identifiers are used. The heterogeneous and redundant nature of these identifiers limits data analysis across different bioinformatics resources. It is an even more serious bottleneck of data analysis for larger datasets, such as gene lists derived from microarray and proteomic experiments. The DAVID Gene ID Conversion Tool (DICT), a web-based ap...

Huang, Da Wei; Sherman, Brad T.; Stephens, Robert; Baseler, Michael W.; Lane, H. Clifford; Lempicki, Richard A.

2008-01-01

25

Archives for david.schobesberger »  

... Die Länder, aus denen die Rohstoffe stammen, haben durch die hohe Nachfrage Europas nach ihren Resourcen nicht nur die positiven Aspekte wie Wirtschaftswachstum, sondern bekommen auch die Negativen Auswirkungen wie Landaneignung, Verlust der Artenvielfalt und Zerstörung von Lebensräumen sowie Menschenrechtsverletzungen zu spüren. Der SERI-Forscher Stephan [...] (English) InContext workshops on 6-7 November in Milan, Italy and on 3-4 December in Cracow, Poland SERI recommends | david.schobesberger on 16:11 -Leave a Comment [...] Learn how ...

26

The Star of David Rule  

CERN Multimedia

In this note, a new concept called {\\em $SDR$-matrix} is proposed, which is an infinite lower triangular matrix obeying the generalized rule of David star. Some basic properties of $SDR$-matrices are discussed and two conjectures on $SDR$-matrices are presented, one of which states that if a matrix is a $SDR$-matrix, then so is its matrix inverse (if exists).

Sun, Yidong

2008-01-01

27

A rejoinder to David Bartram  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This brief article is a direct and invited rejoinder to the comments by David Bartram on our original paper on the use of 360 degree feedback in coaching. Bartram raises important issues which are likely to be of concern and interest to coaches and other users of psychometric tools, even if they do not relate directly to the primary focus of our original paper. This rejoinder reiterates our original approach which was based on a practical workshop on coaching that included a case study reinfo...

Mcdowall, A.; Kurz, R.; Mciver, R.; Saville, P.

2008-01-01

28

David Maljkovi?. Riflessioni sulla memoria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Si analizza il lavoro dell'artista croato David Maljkovi? (Rijeka 1973- che ha continuato a tessere relazioni con il passato, non solo del proprio paese ma anche con la memoria storica e artistica dell'Italia. A partire dalla mostra Italia Italie Italien Italy Whocky (2008, le ricerche che legano l'artista al nostro paese si sono intensificate fino ad arrivare alla sua prima personale in un museo italiano, Sources in the Air (ottobre 2013 presso la GAMeC di Bergamo.

Valentina Rossi

2013-12-01

29

The Art of David Tudor  

Science.gov (United States)

From the library at the Getty Research Institute, The Art of David Tudor is a great example of effective presentation of highlights from rich library and archival collections on the Web. The site complements a symposium held at the Getty Research Institute in 2001: "The Art of David Tudor: Indeterminacy and Performance in Postwar Culture". Born in 1926, Tudor became an internationally known pianist in the traditional arena, but gravitated to more experimental music in the 1940s, and composed and performed experimental electronic music in the 1960s and 1970s. Tudor's major works were produced collaboratively, with colleagues including John Cage and Merce Cunningham, Jackie Matisse, Bill Viola, and Karlheinz Stockhausen. The site includes a section on Tudor's collaborators; biographies and links to additional resources on over 35 artists who worked or performed with Tudor. Other main sections are: Audio and Video, where visitors can watch and listen to excerpts of Tudor's works (most of the full versions are held by the Getty Research Institute); Image Library, featuring pictures of Tudor, as well as documents such as scores and letters; a section on the symposium, and a biography of Tudor.

30

Do Surrealismo em David Lynch  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O surrealismo, como a arte do seu tempo, propõe uma nova estética, capaz de extrair o belo do absurdo e de instaurar o desvio para que daí surja, de fato, o real. Através da análise de algumas obras de David Lynch e dos livros Les champs magnétiques de Breton e Philippe Soupault e Poisson soluble, de Breton, irei mostrar a pertinência da designação surrealista para a obra do cineasta norte-americano. Lynch, como os surrealistas, constrói uma operação dialética entre o racional/irracional. Ao mesmo tempo em que opera no campo artístico em direção à irracionalidade absoluta, Lynch não nega a sua inserção na sociedade. Acredito que o realizador, como os surrealistas, tenha conseguido encontrar um equilíbrio entre as duas formas de se estar no mundo, racional/irracional, jogando com suas antíteses. O prazer do jogo surrealista consiste em ir até as profundezas do inconsciente e retornar com matéria suficiente para fazer uma obra de arte.Surrealism, as the art of its time, proposes a new aesthetics, one that is able to extract the beautiful from the absurd and to establish the swerve from the standard, from which, in fact, the real comes through. Through the analysis of some works by David Lynch, of Breton and Soupault's Les champs magnétiques, and of Breton's Poisson soluble, I will attempt to show the relevance of the surrealist designation for the work of the American filmmaker. Lynch, like the surrealists, builds a dialectic operation between the rational and the irrational. While operating in the artistic field towards absolute irrationality, Lynch does not deny its role in society. It is my belief that the director, as the surrealists, has managed to find a balance between the two ways of being in the world: rational and irrational; by playing with their antitheses. The pleasure of the surrealist game is to go to the depths of the unconscious and return with sufficient material to make a work of art out of it.

Mirian Tavares

2009-01-01

31

David Bohm and his work-on the occasion of his seventieth birthday  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This biographical sketch of David Bohm summarizes his professional career, his relationships with Bohr, Einstein, Pauli, and other quantum theorists of his time, and discusses his published contributions to the fields of quantum mechanics, the refinement of the Schroedinger and Hamilton-Jacobi equations, the notion of hidden variables in particle observation and measure theory, and special relativity theory

1988-01-01

32

Economic and Game Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

David Levine, Professor of Economics at the University of California, Los Angeles has created a web site devoted to game theory. This site contains many useful resources on game theory including an introductory essay and a suggested reading list. There is also a collection of working papers by David Levine and coauthors on economic theory, mathematical economics and game theory. A highlight of the site is the availability of a 348 page book by Drew Fudenberg and David K. Levine, Theory of Learning in Games, in Acrobat format. The site also contains an on-line zero-sum game solver, an on-line forecaster and cooperative learning games (Java based).

Levine, David K.

2007-06-02

33

David Oistrahhi festival läheneb lõpule / Toivo Traks  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kontsertidest David Oistrahhi festivali raames: saksa viola da gamba mängija Holger Faust-Peters ja klavessinist Iren Lill 19. juulil Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus, briti laulja Patricia Rozario ja RTE Vanbrugh Quartet 20. juulil Eliisabeti kirikus

Traks, Toivo

2006-01-01

34

Jalutu David tantsib auhinna vääriliselt / Andres Laasik  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Tantsufilm "Elu hind" ("The Cost of Living") : lavastaja ja koreograaf Lloyd Newson : peaosades David Toole, Eddie Kay : Suurbritannia 2004. Filmi aluseks on Londoni tantsuteatri DV 8 Physical Theatre' 2000.a. valminud lavastus

Laasik, Andres, 1960-

2006-01-01

35

David Dunlap Observatory: Back to the Future  

Science.gov (United States)

The David Dunlap Observatory (DDO) and the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (RASC) are described. Included are a history of the observatory and the society, a description of the facility, and other important related events and notes.

Chou, B. R.; Mortfield, P.

2010-08-01

36

Is really David Lewis a realist?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Paradoxically, concerning the structure of the world, David Lewis endorses a very nominalistic point of view, whereas he approaches possible worlds from an extreme realistic position. The aim of the present paper is exactly to analyze the relation between the ontology of actual world and the possible worlds ontology in the case of David Lewis, and to see whether or not this tension between the two irreconcilable positions is based on an inner contradiction in his philosophy

2008-01-01

37

Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland  

CERN Multimedia

Photo 01: Dr. David Syz (left) with Professor Roger Cashmore, Research Director for Collider Programmes.Photo 02: Dr. David Syz signing the VIP visitors' book, with Prof. Roger Cashmore.Photo 03: Dr. David Syz signing the VIP visitors' book.Photo 04: Handshake between Dr. David Syz (left) and Prof. Roger Cashmore.

Patrice Loïez

2003-01-01

38

Workshop on the homotopy theory of homotopy theories  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

These notes are from a series of lectures given at the Workshop on the Homotopy Theory of Homotopy Theories which took place in Caesarea, Israel, in May 2010. The workshop was organized by David Blanc, Emmanuel Farjoun, and David Kazhdan, and talks not indicated otherwise were given by the author.

Bergner, Julia E.

2011-01-01

39

A Mecânica Quântica de David Bohm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

    A interpretação bohmiana da Mecânica Quântica representa uma    das principais alternativas ao modelo hegemônico proposto pela Escola de Copenhague. Apresentar, sucintamente, seus principais aspectos conceituais, é o objetivo do presente artigo.

 

David Bohm’s Quantum Mechanics

    Bohm’s interpretation of Quantum Mechanics appears as one of the main alternatives to the hegemonic model proposed by the Copenhagen School. This works aims at making a concise presentation of the outlines and the main conceptual framework of the approach followed by David Bohm.

Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista

2010-05-01

40

David Ben-Gurion: A Creative Leader  

Science.gov (United States)

David Ben-Gurion (1886-1973), the first Prime Minister of Israel, is included in Pasternak's (2001) list of the nine most memorable leaders of the twentieth century. All of them are remembered for the reforms they initiated. Roosevelt (USA), Stalin (Russia), Castro (Cuba), and Thatcher (England) focused on social-economical changes, whereas…

Rosemarin, Shoshana

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Another Perspective: An Interview with David Smith  

Science.gov (United States)

To provide another perspective on evaluation within nonformal settings, "New Directions for Evaluation" recently interviewed David Smith, the coordinator of the Professional Learning to Close the Achievement Gap program for the Kansas City, Kansas, Public Schools, who has extensive background in education and educational research. He formerly held…

Bowman, Ruth A.; Johnson, Kelli

2005-01-01

42

David Bruce Payton : väikeriigid mõistavad üksteist / David Bruce Payton ; interv. Marianne Mikko  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Uus-Meremaa suursaadik Eestis David Bruce Payton talupidaja toetamise loobumisest Uus-Meremaal, Uus-Meremaa põllumajandussektorist, veinidest, ekspordist, Eesti saamisest EL-i ja NATO liikmeks, Uus-Meremaa rahvastikust, elatustasemest, Iraagi võimalikust ründamisest, Põhja-Koreast

Payton, David Bruce

2003-01-01

43

Review: David Howarth (2000. Discourse Review: David Howarth (2000. Discourse Reseña: David Howarth (2000. Discourse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available HOWARTH's book is an accessible, readable and concise overview of theories of and approaches to discourse in the human and social sciences, focusing upon LACLAU and MOUFFE's discourse theory approach. The roots of this approach are described in structuralist and post-structuralist theories including the work of SAUSSURE, LEVI-STRAUSS, DERRIDA and FOUCAULT, as well as the MARXism of ALTHUSSER, GRAMSCI and PECHEUX. The book is mostly even-handed and the author takes great care to make his material accessible. However, critical realist alternatives to poststructuralism receive little attention and issues of agency and subjectivity remain problematic. These issues are part of the wider debate between realism and relativism, the intransigence of which is somewhat downplayed in this book. Nevertheless, HOWARTH has produced a valuable resource which should be welcomed by teachers and students in this field. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs020263HOWARTH's book is an accessible, readable and concise overview of theories of and approaches to discourse in the human and social sciences, focusing upon LACLAU and MOUFFE's discourse theory approach. The roots of this approach are described in structuralist and post-structuralist theories including the work of SAUSSURE, LEVI-STRAUSS, DERRIDA and FOUCAULT, as well as the MARXism of ALTHUSSER, GRAMSCI and PECHEUX. The book is mostly even-handed and the author takes great care to make his material accessible. However, critical realist alternatives to poststructuralism receive little attention and issues of agency and subjectivity remain problematic. These issues are part of the wider debate between realism and relativism, the intransigence of which is somewhat downplayed in this book. Nevertheless, HOWARTH has produced a valuable resource which should be welcomed by teachers and students in this field. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs020263El libro de HOWARTH es una revisión general accesible, legible y concisa de las teorías y enfoques del discurso en las ciencias sociales y humanas, focalizándose en los enfoques de LACLAU y MOUFFE sobre la teoría del discurso. Las raíces de este enfoque son descritas en las teorías estructuralistas y post estructuralistas, incluyendo el trabajo de SAUSSURE, LEVI-STRAUSS, DERRIDA y FOUCAULT, así como el marxismo de ALTHUSSER, GRAMSCI y PECHEUX. El libro es en su mayor parte imparcial y el autor se esfuerza en hacer accesible el material. Sin embargo, las alternativas crítica realistas al post estructuralismo reciben poca atención y asuntos como la gestión humana y la subjetividad permanecen problemáticos. Estas cuestiones son parte del debate más amplio entre realismo y relativismo, intransigencia del cual es de alguna manera presentada en este libro. Sin embargo, HOWARTH ha producido un recurso valioso el cual debería ser bienvenido para maestros y estudiantes en este campo. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs020263

John Cromby

2002-05-01

44

Teorizando o mundo contemporâneo: Robert Brenner; Giovanni Arrighi; David Harvey  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo busca apreender as profundas transformações sociais, políticas, econômicas e culturais que marcaram as três últimas décadas, em contraste com o período de prosperidade subseqüente à Segunda Guerra Mundial. Para tanto, o autor analisa criticamente três obras específicas que abordam o período: "The economics of global turbulence", de Robert Brenner, O longo século XX, de Giovanni Arrighi, e A condição pós-moderna, de David Harvey. O procedimento metateórico adotado permite apontar os requisitos de uma teoria crítica adequada ao capitalismo contemporâneo.The article aims to apprehend the deep social, political, economic and cultural transformations that characterized the three last decades, in contrast with the prosperity period following the Second World War. Therefore, the author critically analyses three specific works that deal with that period: "The economics of global turbulence", by Robert Brenner, The long Twentieth Century, by Giovanni Arrighi, and The conditions of postmodernity, by David Haravey. The metatheoric procedure adopted allows him to indicate the requisites of an adequate critical theory of contemporary capitalism.

Moishe Postone

2008-07-01

45

Obituary: David Stanley Evans, 1916-2004  

Science.gov (United States)

David Stanley Evans died on 14 November 2004 in Austin, Texas. He was a noted observational astronomer whose career was divided between South Africa and Texas. He also used the extensive historical collections at the University of Texas to write several books on the history of astronomy. He was born in Cardiff, Wales on 28 January 1916. David received his BA degree in mathematics in 1937 from Kings College, Cambridge. He became a PhD student at Cambridge Observatory in 1937, and was one of Sir Arthur Eddington's last surviving students. He received his PhD degree in 1941 with a dissertation entitled, "The Formation of the Balmer Series of Hydrogen in Stellar Atmospheres." He was a conscientious objector to war and, thus, spent the war years at Oxford working with physicist Kurt Mendelssohn on medical problems, involving cadavers, relating to the war. During these years, David was scientific editor of "Discovery", and he was editor of "The Observatory". David left England in 1946 in order to take up the position of Second Assistant at the Radcliffe Observatory, Pretoria, South Africa. He and H. Knox Shaw were the entire staff after R. O. Redman left, and they aluminized and installed the mirrors in the 74-inch telescope. His notable scientific contribution was to use lunar occultations to measure stellar angular diameters during the 1950s. He succeeded in determining the angular diameter of Antares and determined that Arcturus was not circular but had an elliptical shape. The elliptical shape was later shown to be an instrumental artifact, but the utility of using lunar occultations to measure stellar diameters and stellar multiplicity was conclusively demonstrated. T. Gold presented David's paper on lunar occultation angular diameters at the January 1953 meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society. For the rest of his life, David resented Gold's remarks, because he felt that he had been ridiculed. By 1953, David Evans was Chief Assistant at the Royal Observatory headquartered in Cape Town, South Africa. David had designed and built a Newtonian spectrograph for the 74-inch Radcliffe Telescope with which he measured the first southern galaxy redshifts. David and his family spent 1965-66 in Austin, Texas, where he was a National Science Foundation Senior Visiting Scientist at the University of Texas and McDonald Observatory. They moved permanently to Austin in 1968 and David became a Professor of Astronomy and Associate Director of McDonald Observatory at the University of Texas at Austin. At McDonald Observatory, R. E. Nather had devised a high-speed photometer capable of measuring millisecond time-scale changes in brightness and with Brian Warner, he invented "high-speed astronomy". This instrument caused Evans to revive his occultation program and, over the next twenty years, he produced the major part of the angular diameters of late-type stars with his students and collaborators. In addition, David and collaborators used the extensive collections of the University of Texas to write "Herschel at the Cape". David was also involved in observing the occultation of ? Sco by Jupiter in 1972 and in observing, during a solar eclipse in 1973, the gravitational deflections in the positions of stars whose light passes near to the Sun. The eclipse was observed from Mauritania, and the observations confirmed Einstein's prediction again. David Evans and his students studied late-type stars that have large star-spots and others that flare. In addition, they studied stars whose lunar occultation observations had revealed them to be double or even more than two stars. David Evans's major scientific contribution was an application of his stellar angular diameters to deduce the surface brightness of stars with the result that with suitable color indices one could use photometry to deduce the angular diameter of stars. This is applicable to stars which can never be occulted by the Moon, and its application to Cepheid variable stars has yielded their distances. This relation between angular d

Bash, Frank N.

2005-12-01

46

Omadraama pärjas eestlasi / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Balti teatrifestivalil "OmaDraama 2006" nähtud etendustest said viis auhinda eestlased - Mart Kivastik näidendi "Põrgu Wärk" eest, Hendrik Toompere lavastuse eest, Harriet Toompere naisosatäitmise eest, Jan Uuspõld Wiiralti kehastamise eest ning Margus Prangel Tuglase osa eest; Merle Karusoo sai auhinna järjepidevuse eest sotsiaalselt aktuaalsete probleemide tõstatamisel. Ülejäänud kaks auhinda said läti trupi lavastus "P:S. Pöialpoiss" ning leedu luuletaja ja näitleja Birute Mar Salomeja Nerise kuju eest lavastuses "Poetess"

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2006-01-01

47

Talveöös kõnnivad unenäod / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kolmanda rahvusvahelise teatrifestivali "Talveöö unenägu" külalislavastustest : Gesher teatri esituses ja J. Arie lavastuses "Ori", Valgevene Akad. Rahvusteatri esituses ja P. Adamtshikovi lavastuses "Kirsiaed" (pealkirjaga "S.V."), Rootsi Backa teatri esituses E. Östergreni "Girlpower" M. Stenbergi lavastuses ning Soome KOM-teatri esituses R. Lundáni "Tarbetud inimesed"

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2004-01-01

48

Tampere alalhoidlik teatripidu / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Tampere teatrisuve 2004 lavastustest - P. Saisio "Tundetus", muusikal "Pesalõhkumine", H. Herala ja T. Nymani kabareekava " Preilid Kinkeladenid kohtavad härra Lammenlood" ja K. Pakkala muusikaline monoetendus "Hell's Bells"

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2004-01-01

49

Charles Cooper Memorial Lecture: David Kaplan  

...Charles Cooper Memorial Lecture: David Kaplan outline | lecture | register | contact ...4th Charles Cooper memorial lecture Date & Time: Thursday, 27 January, 2011, 16h30-18h00 Venue: Aula of Maastricht University,... Abstract: The fourth Charles Cooper memorial lecture explores why development should be seen as an evolutionary process. Professor Nelson sets out why ... Download CV View Personal Website Charles Cooper Memorial Lecture 2011 - Richard R. Nelson - Part one from UNU-MERIT on Vimeo. ...

50

Structural Seismic Risk at David City, Panama  

Science.gov (United States)

At the southwest margin of the Isthmus of Panama, the Cocos, Nazca and Panama Microplate join in a triple junction. In this tectonic setting, the Panama Fracture Zone (PFZ) which bounds the Nazca and Cocos plate, subducts in an oblique and shallow manner. This zone is one of the most active seismic areas of Central America. On July 18, 1934, the largest earthquake in Panama in historical times (Ms= 7.7) occurred in its northern region. This event caused extensive damage to towns located in the border of Panama and Costa Rica and during the two subsequent days, six aftershocks with magnitude greater than 6.0 were recorded. David City, with 130,000 inhabitants is the most important urban center in southwestern Panama and lies at the northern end of the PFZ. This city was impacted by the strong destructive earthquakes (Ms>7.0) that took place in 1879 and 1934, both with epicenters located on the northern terminus of the PFZ. In this work, we collected and digitized historical seismograms to measure the centroid moment tensor (CMT) from the main 1934 earthquake. Additionally, we gathered new macroseismic information to create improved and more complete isoseismals maps of the 1879 and 1934 events. We determined the probabilistic seismic hazard for David City using records of historical and recent seismicity and the characteristics of local faults. The hazard computation results are presented as peak iso-acceleration curves for rock/hard soil for a recurrence time of 500 years. An elastic response spectrum was obtained with a uniform exceedance probability of 10% in 50 years with one degree of freedom and 5% of damping. Our results indicate maximum peak ground acceleration (PGA) in downtown David of 3.8 and 4.5 m/s2 with a probability annual exceedance of 0.002 and 0.001, respectively. Structural vulnerability was determined analyzing the quality and construction design of housing, buildings, and critical facilities as well as the type of soil where these structures were located. Soil was classified as soft, intermediate, and hard from in-situ dynamic standard penetration test (SPT) measurements. For proper interpretation, all our observations were incorporated in a Geographical Information System (GIS). From a combined analysis of seismic hazard and vulnerability results, we identified six areas with different levels of structural seismic risk increasing from north to south along the David River. Central David has intermediate level risk. The highest risk is measured southwest and south of the city. The southern areas increase their risk due to the thickness of their sedimentary soils, low quality of housing construction and high population density.

Camacho, E.; Battlo, J.; Novelo-Casanova, D. A.; Tapia, A.; Lindhom, C.

2007-12-01

51

David Gale's subset take-away game  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Subset take-away is a two-player game involving a fixed finite set A. Players alternate choosing a proper, non-empty subset of A, with the condition that one may not name a set containing a set that was named earlier. A player unable to move loses. It was conjectured by David Gale that this game is always a second player win, and this was known to hold if A has no more than 5 elements. In this paper, we describe a technique called "binary star reduction" that often allows on...

Christensen, J. Daniel; Tilford, Mark

2002-01-01

52

A Conversation with David R. Brillinger  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

David Ross Brillinger was born on the 27th of October 1937, in Toronto, Canada. In 1955, he entered the University of Toronto, graduating with a B. A. with Honours in Pure Mathematics in 1959, while also serving as a Lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Naval Reserve. He was one of the five winners of the Putnam mathematical competition in 1958. He then went on to obtain his M. A. and Ph.D. in Mathematics at Princeton University, in 1960 and 1961, the latter under the guidance of John W. Tukey. D...

Panaretos, Victor M.

2011-01-01

53

Anneli Remme soovitab : David Oistrahhi festival. Koorifestival Pärnus / Anneli Remme  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

David Oistrahhi festivalist 14. juulini Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus, Teatris Endla, Ammende villas, Eesti Õigeusu kirikus ja Pärnu Raekojas. Festivali kunstiline juht Allar Kaasik. Pärnu koorifestivalist

Remme, Anneli, 1968-

2002-01-01

54

David Harvey: The political implications of population-resources theory  

...For Marx, needs are not purely biological; they are also socially and culturally determined. Also, as both Malthus and Marx agree, ...the meaning of subsistence cannot be established independent of particular historical and cultural circumstances if, as Marx insisted, definitions of social wants ...that resources can be defined only with respect to a particular technical, cultural, and historical stage of development, and that they are,...in effect, technical and cultural appraisals of nature. (3) Scarcity. It is often erroneously accepted that scarcity is something inherent ...

55

Second Annual David Derse Memorial Lecture and Award | Poster  

Science.gov (United States)

The Second Annual David Derse Memorial Lecture and Award presentation was held on November 12, 2013, at the NCI at Frederick Conference Center to honor David Derse’s outstanding research accomplishments and to stimulate the exchange of innovative ideas that Derse was well known for promoting throughout his scientific career.

56

Dr. David Gandara of the UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center  

Science.gov (United States)

Dr. David Gandara of the UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center You will need Adobe Flash Player 8 or later and JavaScript enabled to view this video. You can view the movie here Dr. David Gandara of the UC Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center talking about

57

Teaching Students about the Environment with Henry David Thoreau  

Science.gov (United States)

"Walden: The Ballad of Thoreau" is a two-act four-character play about the final two days writer Henry David Thoreau spent in his cabin before leaving Walden Pond. Teachers can use this play to teach about preserving the earth to students. This article presents a brief synopsis of the play and a brief biography of Henry David Thoreau.

Curriculum Review, 2008

2008-01-01

58

David Rumsey Map Collection: Antique Atlases  

Science.gov (United States)

The world of antique maps and atlases is a wide one, and includes such fine volumes as the exquisite atlas of New Spain created by Alexander von Humboldt in 1811 and Mitchell's School Atlas of 1847. These atlases and hundreds more can be viewed at this site, provided courtesy of the David Rumsey Historical Map Collection. Online since 2000, the antique atlas section is divided geographically into smaller sections that cover North America, Africa, and Europe. After clicking on over to one of these sections, visitors will be presented with a complete list of the available atlases. As the site utilizes the powerful Insight Browser, visitors can scroll around on each document at their leisure, zooming in and out along the way.

59

Better diagnosis, David BotsteinSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

Science.gov (United States)

Interviewee: David Botstein DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>Genetic profiling>David Botstein Better diagnosis David Botstein talks about the goal of using microarray analysis to improve cancer diagnosis.

2008-03-26

60

Promises of genomics, David BotsteinSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

Science.gov (United States)

Interviewee: David Botstein DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>Genetic profiling>David Botstein Promises of genomics David Botstein (sitting with Pat Brown) talks about how innovations in genomics might lead to personalized medicine.

2008-03-26

 
 
 
 
61

Obituary: David L. Band (1957-2009)  

Science.gov (United States)

David L. Band, of Potomac Maryland, died on March 16, 2009 succumbing to a long battle with spinal cord cancer. His death at the age of 52 came as a shock to his many friends and colleagues in the physics and astronomy community. Band showed an early interest and exceptional aptitude for physics, leading to his acceptance at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as an undergraduate student in 1975. After graduating from MIT with an undergraduate degree in Physics, Band continued as a graduate student in Physics at Harvard University. His emerging interest in Astrophysics led him to the Astronomy Department at the Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA), where he did his dissertation work with Jonathan Grindlay. His dissertation (1985) entitled "Non-thermal Radiation Mechanisms and Processes in SS433 and Active Galactic Nuclei" was "pioneering work on the physics of jets arising from black holes and models for their emission, including self-absorption, which previewed much to come, and even David's own later work on Gamma-ray Bursts," according to Grindlay who remained a personal friend and colleague of Band's. Following graduate school, Band held postdoctoral positions at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, the University of California at Berkeley and the Center for Astronomy and Space Sciences at the University of California San Diego where he worked on the BATSE experiment that was part of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO), launched in 1991. BATSE had as its main objective the study of cosmic gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and made significant advances in this area of research. Band became a world-renowned figure in the emerging field of GRB studies. He is best known for his widely-used analytic form of gamma-ray burst spectra known as the "Band Function." After the CGRO mission ended, Band moved to the Los Alamos National Laboratory where he worked mainly on classified research but continued to work on GRB energetics and spectra. When NASA planned two new follow-up missions to CGRO, the Swift and Fermi observatories, Band seized an opportunity in 2001 to join the staff of the Fermi Science Support Center at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt Maryland. He was hired as the lead scientist for user support functions and to help to define and implement planning for the 2008 launch of the Fermi spacecraft. He brought a high level of energy and enthusiasm to the job, becoming in many ways the heart and soul of that organization. Neil Gehrels, the Goddard Astroparticle Physics Division Director and a Fermi deputy project scientist notes that "David was the perfect person for community support, with this outgoing personality and deep knowledge of astrophysics." Band also became an important member of the Fermi science team; despite his failing health, he actively contributed to the first Fermi gamma-ray burst publication as well as making important contributions to the burst detection and data analysis techniques. Additionally, Band was known as a great communicator and mentor. He supervised a PhD student at UCSD who has subsequently been appointed to a faculty position. At Goddard, Band was an integral part of the weekly scientific discussion groups within the gamma-ray astronomy group and he would always find the time to share his knowledge and expertise with new postdoctoral fellows and senior scientists alike. He was also involved with planning the EXIST mission, a candidate for a future NASA mission. He will be greatly missed by his many friends and colleagues within the Fermi mission and the high-energy astrophysics community.

Cominsky, Lynn

2011-12-01

62

Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland  

CERN Multimedia

Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland, toured the assembly hall of the ATLAS experiment on a recent visit to CERN.Photos 01, 02: Dr. Peter Jenni, spokesperson for the ATLAS experiment (second from left), explains to Dr. David Syz (fourth from left) and accompanying visitors the process of integration of a 26-metre-long coil of the barrel toroid magnet system into its coil casing.Photo 03: Dr. Peter Jenni (extreme right) with Dr. David Syz (front row, fourth from right) behind a stack of 26-metre-long 'racetrack' coils awaiting integration into their coil casings.

Maximilien Brice

2003-01-01

63

Boundaries and interfaces in materials: The David A. Smith symposium  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Just over a year ago David Smith died. Then the loss of a distinguished scientist and dedicated teacher was mourned. Now it is time to celebrate his accomplishments both as a scientist and teacher and this book serves as a reminder of his many contributions to the field of boundaries and interfaces. Researchers from ten countries contributed their work to the symposium, many of whom were former students of David from his years in Oxford. This emphasizes David's tremendous effect on the career of many established scientists through his role as both a teacher and an advisor. Separate abstracts were prepared for 38 papers in this book

1997-09-14

64

Metamorphosed characters in dreams: constraints of conceptual structure and amount of theory of mind.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dream reports from 21 dreamers in which a metamorphosis of a person-like entity or animal occurred were coded for characters and animals and for inner states attributed to them (Theory of Mind). In myths and fairy tales, Kelly and Keil (1985) found that conscious beings (people, gods) tend to be transformed into entities nearby in the conceptual structure of Keil (1979). This also occurred in dream reports, but perceptual nearness seemed more important than conceptual nearness. In dream reports, most inanimate objects involved in metamorphoses with person-like entities were objects such as statues that ordinarily resemble people physically, and moreover represent people. A metamorphosis of a person-like entity or animal did not lead to an increase in the amount of Theory of Mind attribution. We propose that a character-line starts when a character enters a dream; properties and Theory of Mind attributions tend to be preserved along the line, regardless of whether, metamorphoses occur on it. PMID:21564229

Schweickert, Richard; Xi, Zhuangzhuang

2010-05-01

65

A toxidez da escrita como um destino da sublimação em David Foster Wallace / La toxicité de l´écriture comme un destin de la sublimation dans l´oeuvre de David Foster Wallace / The toxicity of writing as a vicissitude of sublimation in the work of David Foster Wallace / La toxicidad de la escritura como un destino de la sublimación en David Foster Wallace  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A autora discute o conceito de sublimação sob a luz da segunda teoria freudiana do conflito pulsional, a fim de examinar os aspectos funcionais e disfuncionais na criação literária, tomando como exemplo o caso de alguns escritores suicidas para destacar, dentre eles, o autor americano David Foster W [...] allace. Abstract in spanish La autora discute sobre el concepto de sublimación bajo la luz de la segunda teoria freudiana del conflicto pulsional, afin de examinar los aspectos funcionales y disfuncionales en la creación literaria. Ella toma, como ejemplo, el caso de algunos escritores suicidas para destacar, entre ellos, el a [...] utor Americano David Foster Wallace. Abstract in english The author discusses the concept of sublimation in view of Freud's second theory of drive conflict, exemplified in the cases of various suicidal writers, including David Foster Wallace, for the purpose of examining the functional and dysfunctional aspects of sublimation in the creation of literature [...] .

Ana Cecília, Carvalho.

66

Ideal Observer Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ideal observer theory is an attempt to solve the meta-ethical question: What does it mean that “x is right” or “x is good”? The starting point for the ideal observer theory can be dated to 1950s and to Roderick Firth’s article “Ethical Absolutism and the Ideal Observer”. For example Adam Smith and David Hume can be seen as predecessors for this theory, but Firth was the first to address this theory fully.

Liikkanen, Karri-jaakko

2013-01-01

67

Käsitsi tegemise võlu / David Jones ; intervjueerinud Kai Lobjakas  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

10. Kohila keraamikasümpoosionil osalenud briti keraamik ja teoreetik David Jones endast, rakutehnikast, huvist põletamisega seonduvate teemade vastu, Kohila sümpoosioni raames tehtust, keraamika õpetamisest Inglismaal, käsitöö ja keraamika positsioonist praegu ja tulevikus jm.

Jones, David, 1953-

2010-01-01

68

An Interview with Author/Screen Writer David Klass.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents an interview with Author/Screen Writer David Klass. Discusses his dual role as young adult author and Hollywood screenwriter. Illuminates important differences that Klass finds when working as writer of young adult books and as a screenwriter. (SG)

Carroll, Sissi

2002-01-01

69

A Conversation with David Wiesner: 1992 Caldecott Medal Winner.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents an interview with David Wiesner, the 1992 Caldecott Medal winner. Discusses his process of visual storytelling (through wordless picture books). Discusses his sources of ideas for writing and illustrating children's literature. (RS)

Caroff, Susan F.; Moje, Elizabeth B.

1993-01-01

70

Interview With the 2002 Caldecott Medal Winner, David Wiesner.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses David Wiesner, the 2002 Caldecott Medal Winner, and includes excerpts of an interview with him. Notes that Wiesner's books appeal to the imagination and often use art elements such as scale. Details the winning book, "The Three Pigs." (PM)

Giorgis, Cyndi; Johnson, Nancy J.

2003-01-01

71

Do Père David's Deer Lose Memories of Their Ancestral Predators?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Whether prey retains antipredator behavior after a long period of predator relaxation is an important question in predator-prey evolution. Père David's deer have been raised in enclosures for more than 1200 years and this isolation provides an opportunity to study whether Père David's deer still respond to the cues of their ancestral predators or to novel predators. We played back the sounds of crows (familiar sound) and domestic dogs (familiar non-predators), of tigers and wolves (ancestra...

Li, Chunwang; Yang, Xiaobo; Ding, Yuhua; Zhang, Linyuan; Fang, Hongxia; Tang, Songhua; Jiang, Zhigang

2011-01-01

72

David Rosenmann-Taub: Lectura de sus Silencios David Rosenmann-Taub: Reading his Silence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artículo intentará poner la obra poética de David Rosenmann-Taub en la perspectiva de aquellas condiciones de posibilidad que hacen factible una obra como la suya. Hemos querido, así, razonar los procedimientos internos de su poesía, interrogándola en su propia retórica, pero también en lo que esa retórica silencia o se niega a decir. En el complemento de estas dos preguntas, es donde se puede desplegar el rol que cumple la historia como principio de realidad de la obra incluso si no es explícitamente mencionada.The following paper will try to see in which perspectives a poetic work, such as the one by David Rosenmann-Taub, is feasible. The paper will try to understand the inner procedures of his poetry by questioning its own rhetoric, and by analyzing what this rhetoric denies to say or silences. As a complement to these two questions, the role of history will unravel so as to reveal its participation as a principle of reality in the work, even though it is not explicitly mentioned.

Cristián Gómez O

2010-12-01

73

Probability theory and its models  

CERN Multimedia

This paper argues for the status of formal probability theory as a mathematical, rather than a scientific, theory. David Freedman and Philip Stark's concept of model based probabilities is examined and is used as a bridge between the formal theory and applications.

Humphreys, Paul

2008-01-01

74

Effect of total dissolved gas supersaturated water on early life of David’s schizothoracin (Schizothorax davidi)*  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The effect of total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation on fish living downstream of dams is one of the main ecological risks of high dam construction. A strategy for mitigating the negative effects is needed urgently since many high dams are under construction in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River in China. Experiments on the hatching process of David’s schizothoracin were carried out and the results show that the hatching rate decreased with increasing TDG levels, and that most eggs h...

Liang, Rui-feng; Li, Bo; Li, Ke-feng; Tuo, You-cai

2013-01-01

75

Sex-Age Related Rumination Behavior of Père David’s Deer under Constraints of Feeding Habitat and Rainfall  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Extensive studies have been conducted on the rumination behavior of domestic herbivores. However, studies on wild animals are limited, particularly wild animals with specific ruminating parameters. In this study, Père David’s deer, a previously extirpated species, was observed to analyze the effects of sex-age, feeding habitat, and rainfall on rumination behavior in the Dafeng Nature Reserve, China. Rumination behavior was investigated based on four parameters: proportion of bedding time s...

Li, Zhongqiu

2013-01-01

76

Review essay on David Laibman, Deep History: A Study in Social Evolution and Human Potential  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available While historical materialism and evolutionism provide similar explanations and ideas regarding the cause of long-term social change, the two theories are rarely used in conjunction with one another. In Deep History,the author David Laibman addresses some of the standard questions of evolutionary social theory and attempts to bridge the two concepts, by showing that historical and materialist explanations are present in both Marxian and evolutionary interpretations of history. His goal: develop a Marxist theory of history from an evolutionist perspective, and surmount the traditional confines of historical materialism, so as to embrace evolutionary conceptions in explaining social change. However, the unbalanced research methodology limits the reach and depth of Laibman’s contribution. The two main shortcomings of his work are discussed in the following sections: The Audience Problem and The Evolutionary Problem.

Altug Yalcintas

2011-11-01

77

Quantum mechanics in the cold war; Quantenmechanik im Kalten Krieg. David Bohm und Richard Feynman  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the middle of the 20th century David Bohm and Richard Feynman developed two fundamentally different approaches of modern quantum mechanics: Bohm a realistic interpretation by means of hidden parameters and Feynman the path-integral formalism. This is by this more remarakable, because both physicists started from similar conditions and originated from similar connections. By its comparing approach this study presents more than a contribution to the history of the quantum theory. By the question for the social and cultural conditions of the formation of theories it is furthermore of science-sociological and science-theoretical interest. The in the beginning similar and later different binding of both scientists into the scientific community allows furthermore to study, which adapting pressure each group puts on the individual scientist and the fundamental parts of his research, and which new degrees of freedom in the formation of theories arise, when this constraint is cancelled.

Forstner, C.

2007-07-01

78

Do Père David's deer lose memories of their ancestral predators?  

Science.gov (United States)

Whether prey retains antipredator behavior after a long period of predator relaxation is an important question in predator-prey evolution. Père David's deer have been raised in enclosures for more than 1200 years and this isolation provides an opportunity to study whether Père David's deer still respond to the cues of their ancestral predators or to novel predators. We played back the sounds of crows (familiar sound) and domestic dogs (familiar non-predators), of tigers and wolves (ancestral predators), and of lions (potential naïve predator) to Père David's deer in paddocks, and blank sounds to the control group, and videoed the behavior of the deer during the experiment. We also showed life-size photo models of dog, leopard, bear, tiger, wolf, and lion to the deer and video taped their responses after seeing these models. Père David's deer stared at and approached the hidden loudspeaker when they heard the roars of tiger or lion. The deer listened to tiger roars longer, approached to tiger roars more and spent more time staring at the tiger model. The stags were also found to forage less in the trials of tiger roars than that of other sound playbacks. Additionally, it took longer for the deer to restore their normal behavior after they heard tiger roars, which was longer than that after the trial of other sound playbacks. Moreover, the deer were only found to walk away after hearing the sounds of tiger and wolf. Therefore, the tiger was probably the main predator for Père David's deer in ancient time. Our study implies that Père David's deer still retain the memories of the acoustic and visual cues of their ancestral predators in spite of the long term isolation from natural habitat. PMID:21887286

Li, Chunwang; Yang, Xiaobo; Ding, Yuhua; Zhang, Linyuan; Fang, Hongxia; Tang, Songhua; Jiang, Zhigang

2011-01-01

79

Obituary: David Fulmer Bender, 1913-2004  

Science.gov (United States)

David Fulmer Bender died in San Diego, California, on 13 September 2004, at the age of 91. His heart stopped suddenly while he was dancing. His pioneering work in establishing comprehensive, computer-accessible ephemerides of asteroids and comets found many applications, including the first-ever visit to an asteroid, Gaspra, by an interplanetary spacecraft. Dave was born in Reno, Nevada, on 10 February 1913, to Homer Charles Bender and Susan Bowers Bender. The family moved to Spokane, Washington, while Dave was very young. His father was a civil engineer and a graduate of MIT, who helped design bridges and dams throughout the Northwest, including the Grand Coolie Dam. Dave had a brother, Phillip (now deceased), who was one year younger. Advancing rapidly in the Spokane school system, Dave finished high school when he was 15 years old. At 16 he moved to Pasadena, California, and began his studies at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). In addition to pursuing his course work, he was active in track and football, a tendency toward physical exercise that stayed with him for the rest of his life. It was probably during these years that Dave heard a lecture by Albert Einstein, as mentioned to colleagues many years later. Dave received a BS degree in physics in 1933, an MS in 1934, and a PhD in 1937, all from Caltech. His dissertation was entitled, "The Index of Refraction of Air in the Photographic Infrared." During his sophomore year he found his way to Pomona College in Claremont, California, where he met his future wife, Elizabeth Boyden at a social gathering. They were married in 1935. Dave's academic career spanned the years from 1937 to 1970, initially at Louisiana State University, Vanderbilt University, and then Fisk. As a life-long pacifist and conscientious objector, Dave served alternate duty during World War II. In 1946 he joined the faculty of the physics department at Whittier College in California, where he became the department chair and remained until 1970. Here Dave's strong personal interest in the students became evident. During each year's spring break, he and Beth led a car caravan of interested astronomy and physics students to Death Valley for primitive camping, exploring the desert, studying the stars, and shooting off rockets. Beth organized all the food and Dave cooked the breakfasts, with French toast being his specialty. This tradition was so popular that many students returned year after year, long after having left the college. Dave enjoyed leading the astronomy club at Whittier College, and also participated in a municipal astronomy club. In the sixties, in addition to his job at the college, Dave worked part time at the Space Science Laboratory of North American Aviation (later North American Rockwell and now Boeing). Dave co-authored, with Gary Mc Cue and others, several papers on orbital rendezvous techniques, a capability of prime interest to the Apollo program. Soon apparent, however, was Dave's interest in the hundreds of asteroids whose orbits were known at the time. In his spare time he punched their orbital elements into computer cards and initiated a long career of searching for opportunities for spacecraft to flyby or rendezvous with one of these minor planets. He learned enough Russian to read books important at the time on the subject of asteroid orbits. In 1966 he had enough data to publish a paper on some possible asteroid encounters by human missions to Mars. Through conferences of the American Astronautical Society, Dave became acquainted with Roger Bourke, the group supervisor of the Advanced Projects Group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), which is managed by Caltech for NASA. In 1970, Dave retired from Whittier College and began working full time for Roger at JPL. JPL was still working on missions to the inner planets and was starting to develop missions to the outer planets. Roger understood the potential of having Dave pursue his interest in the small bodies and of having him create a comprehensive set of ephemerides that would be available for

Miller, Sylvia L.

2004-12-01

80

INTRODUCTION: David Sherrington as a mentor of young scientists  

Science.gov (United States)

How deeply honoured I am to have the opportunity to express my thoughts at this delightful celebration of David's achievements, so far, in his remarkable career. I have been asked to center my remarks on David's contributions to the mentoring and professional development of scientists early in their careers. This is a topic that I am more than happy to reflect on, because it gives me the opportunity to recall the exciting period I spent as one of David's postgraduate students at Imperial College in the early 1980s. It also gives me the chance to publicly express my gratitude to David for the opportunities he created for me at that time, as well as for the interest and care he has shown in my career and well-being ever since, as we have met up and exchanged news and ideas around the world: in New Mexico and Colorado, in Cancun, Paris and Trieste, at numerous March Meetings of the American Physical Society and, of course in London, Oxford, and my home town, Champaign-Urbana, location of the University of Illinois. I have been a member of David's circle for 25 years now, and I would like to tell you a little about how this came to be. Not because of what this says about me, but, rather, because of what it tells you about David and the rich generosity of his spirit and effort when it comes to supporting the underdog. I was indeed one such underdog—and that's putting it charitably—when I first met David in September of 1982, not long before the academic year was to begin. I had heard about the exciting circle of physical and mathematical ideas swirling around the spin glass question during the previous year, which I had spent at the University of California's Los Angeles campus, through an opportunity kindly arranged, as it happens, by Sam Edwards. But I was eager to return to the UK for postgraduate studies and to work on spin glasses, so I simply showed up at David's Imperial College office, unannounced (if I remember correctly). And with his characteristic courtesy David kindly invited me in and we chatted about physics. After a while, I summoned up the courage to ask if I could do postgraduate research. At Imperial College. Under David's supervision. That term! And, to my eternal delight, he agreed. And even more than that, shortly thereafter he set about the task of finding a studentship to support me. This generosity of spirit towards people at early stages in their careers is by no means confined to members of David's own research group. One of David's most remarkable and impressive qualities is his ability to recognise and be an early proponent of exciting work being done by young and not yet widely known researchers, and to enthusiastically foster the dissemination of this work. Jorge Kurchan has told me how David was one of the very first established scientists to take a close interest in Jorge's now-famous work, done jointly with Leticia Cugliandolo, on the dynamics of spin glasses, and that this interest and the invitations, discussions and talks that followed from it, were a tremendous source of inspiration and encouragement to Jorge and Leticia. Jorge is but one of several people who have told me how grateful and impressed they have been by David's similar treatment of them, and for his invitations to visit Oxford and benefit from interacting with and being stimulated by the theoretical physics group there. But David's dedication to others is by no means restricted to his juniors. All of us who have got to know David are deeply aware of the devotion he has to his scientific mentors, Sam Edwards and Walter Kohn, and the rightful pride he takes in being a member of their scientific families. With postgraduate and postdoctoral advisors in Sam Edwards and Walter Kohn, with professorships at Imperial College and then Oxford University, with election to Fellowship at the Royal Society and an invitation to deliver its Bakerian Lecture, and with the Dirac Medal from the Institute of Physics, David more or less defines 'the scientific establishment'. But I don't think he sees himself quite in this vein, and this is b

Goldbart, Paul M.

2008-08-01

 
 
 
 
81

76 FR 12971 - David E. Berman: Debarment Order  

Science.gov (United States)

...order under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) debarring David...Professions, specializing in plastic surgery with an office in Sterling, VA. On...on, thirty of his patients as BOTOX Cosmetic. Dr. Berman did not disclose to...

2011-03-09

82

Seven hazards in David Cameron’s intended European policy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This morning sees UK Prime Minister David Cameron’s long anticipated (and delayed) speech on the UK’s relationship with the EU. Michael Emerson sets out seven major hazards that his expected policy positions will have to overcome, ranging from defining its core objective, problems with the referendum process, and the economic costs of generating uncertainty over the EU/UK relationship.

Emerson, Michael

2013-01-01

83

Neuroradiology: An Interview with Dr. David J. Mikulis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dr. David J. Mikulis is a staff neuroradiologist at Toronto Western Hospital and Senior Scientist at the Toronto Western Research Institute, part of the University Health Network. He met with the UTMJ to discuss his career as a clinician-scientist and his lab's novel method of generating maps of cerebrovascular reactivity.

Rob Vanner

2010-03-01

84

L'helléniste français Jules David (1783-1854  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Dans les lignes qui suivent, je présente les points saillants de la vie et de l'œuvre de Jules David, éminent helléniste et fervent philhellène français, sur lequel il n'existe, 150 ans après sa mort, aucune étude ni même un article quelque peu détaillé.

 

Jean Caravolas

2008-11-01

85

On Knowledge and Cognitive Skills: A Conversation with David Perkins.  

Science.gov (United States)

As codirector of Harvard University's Project Zero, David Perkins has conducted long-term research programs on creativity, problem solving and reasoning, and learning in the arts, sciences, and everyday life. He explains a new program designed to help teachers connect thinking strategies with subject matter, so that students can better manage…

Brandt, Ron

1990-01-01

86

Fighting for the Past: Lessons from the David Irving Trial  

Science.gov (United States)

This article offers lessons from the David Irving trial. These lessons about Holocaust denial allow educators to identify how deniers violate certain scholarly tenets. This also serves as a safeguard against legitimizing deniers' efforts, while also reinforcing important principles of historical inquiry. (Contains 11 notes.)

Henderson, A. Scott

2008-01-01

87

Neuroradiology: An Interview with Dr. David J. Mikulis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Dr. David J. Mikulis is a staff neuroradiologist at Toronto Western Hospital and Senior Scientist at the Toronto Western Research Institute, part of the University Health Network. He met with the UTMJ to discuss his career as a clinician-scientist and his lab's novel method of generating maps of cerebrovascular reactivity.

Rob Vanner

2010-01-01

88

From the Ocean's Flotsam, David Wiesner Imagines a Journey  

Science.gov (United States)

David Wiesner's 2007 Caldecott Medal-winning "Flotsam" blends the events of everyday life with the surreal. As he often does in his picture books, Wiesner plays with size and scale, opening "Flotsam" with a full-page illustration of a sand crab and the enormous eye behind it before pulling back on the second page to reveal the creature's actual…

Ward, Barbara A.

2008-01-01

89

Grade 1 Students Meet David Wiesner's "Three Pigs."  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the oral, written, and visual arts responses of a group of Grade 1 children. Discusses first grade children's understandings of and responses to several Radical Change characteristics and metafictive techniques found in David Wiesner's "The Three Pigs" (2001), the 2002 Randolph Caldecott Medal winner. Explores the nature of the literary…

Pantaleo, Sylvia

2002-01-01

90

Astronaut David Wolf in medical experiment in SLS-2  

Science.gov (United States)

Astronaut David A. Wolf, mission specialist, participates in an experiment that investigates in-space distribution and movement of blood and gas in the pulmonary system. The data gathered during the two-week flight will be compared with results of tests performed on Earth to determine the changes that occur in pulmonary functions.

1993-01-01

91

Fatboy Slim ja David Byrne teevad Imelda Marcosest muusikali  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Inglise DJ Fatboy Slim'i ja USA art-rockmuusiku David Byrne'i diskokeskne muusikal "Here Love Lives" kajastab Filipiinide diktaatori Ferdinand Macrose abikaasa elu. Muusikal esietendub tuleva aasta märtsis Austraalias Adelaide'i kultuurifestivalil, Euroopa esietendus toimub seejärel Liverpoolis

2005-01-01

92

David Reeder and the History of Urban Education  

Science.gov (United States)

David Reeder was one of the most important conservers of the traditions of urban history scholarship established during the 1960s at the University of Leicester under the leadership of Professor H. J. Dyos. Among Reeder's major achievements were the application of the skills and objectives of such scholarship to the history of education, and in…

Marsden, Bill; Grosvenor, Ian

2007-01-01

93

Looking Out from the Isolator: David's Perception of the World.  

Science.gov (United States)

David, who from September 1971 to February 1984 actively lived his life in a sterile isolator, was severely deprived of experience of the physical world. His difficulty with the concepts of space, depth, and size related clearly to his limited experience rather than to cognitive or visual-motor-perceptual deficits. (Author/CL)

Murphy, Mary A.; Vogel, Jacqueline B.

1985-01-01

94

In Memoriam: David Judson Sencer, A Public Health Giant  

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

Dr. Jeffery Koplan, Director of the Emory Global Health Institute at Emory University, reflects on the career of Dr. David Sencer.  Created: 12/15/2011 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 12/19/2011.

2011-12-15

95

A new gene mapping resource: Interspecies hybrids between Pere David`s deer (Elaphurus davidianus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Three male F{sub 1} hybrids between Pere David`s deer and red deer were mated to red deer to produce 143 backcross calves. The pedigrees are a rare example of a fertile hybrid between evolutionarily divergent species. We examined the use of these families for genetic mapping of evolutionarily conserved (Type I) loci by testing for genetic linkage between five species-specific protein variants and 12 conserved DNA probes. Two probes were homologous, and the remainder syntenic, to the protein coding loci in cattle or humans. Using six restriction enzymes, each DNA probe detected one or more restriction fragments specific to Pere David`s deer. Linkage analyses among the species-specific variants placed the loci into four linkage groups within which linkage between adjacent loci and gene order was supported by a LOD > 3. Southern and protein analysis of LDHA and ALB provided identical segregation data. These linkage groups were consistent with the cattle gene map and provide new information for comparing the gene maps of ruminants, humans and mice. The deer hybrids are an important new resource that can contribute to the comparative analysis of the mammalian genome. 68 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Tate, M.L.; Mathias, H.C.; Penty, J.M.; Hill, D.F. [Univ. of Otago (New Zealand); Fennessy, P.F.; Dodds, K.G. [Invermay Agricultural Centre, Mosgiel (New Zealand)

1995-03-01

96

La analogía sociobiológica del desarrollo de la ciencia, la epistemología evolucionista de David Hull  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The eminent philosopher of biology, David Hull has proposed that a "general theory of evolution" can be advanced that would account for the evolution of organisms as well as for the evolution of scientific knowledge. According to Hull, competition among scientists plays in conceptual evolution a similar essential role as competition among organisms plays in biological evolution. Hull uses the sociobiology tradition to explain the apparently altruistic behavior of scientists in the search for knowledge.

David Hull, uno de los filósofos de la biología más destacados en la actualidad, propone una "Teoría general de evolución" que, afirma, explica tanto la evolución de los seres vivos como el desarrollo del conocimiento científico. En el caso de la evolución conceptual, Hull sostiene que la competencia entre científicos juega un papel esencial en el avance de la ciencia, de manera similar a lo que ocurre en la evolución biológica. Entre otras cuestiones Hull recupera la tradición de la sociobiología para la explicación del comportamiento aparentemente altruista de los científicos en la búsqueda del conocimiento.

Ruiz G., Rosaura

1996-12-01

97

Why tumor typing is important, David BotsteinSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

Science.gov (United States)

Interviewee: David Botstein DNAi Location:Applications>Genes and medicine>genetic profiling>David Botstein Why tumor typing is important David Botstein talks about how tumor typing using genome-wide analysis will help doctors determine the most appropriate treatments for their patients.

2008-03-26

98

Genentech's approach to making insulin, David GoeddelSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

Science.gov (United States)

Interviewee: David Goeddel DNAi Location:Manipulation>Production>Players>Herbert Boyer The steps to insulin David Goeddel was one of the first scientists Herb Boyer hired for the insulin project. Here, David Goeddel talks about Genentech's general strategy for synthesizing insulin.

2008-03-26

99

Harrastusteater kutsub profi endale appi / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

4.-6. nov. Võrus toimunud harrastusteatrite riigifestivalist, kus grand prix' pälvis Tartu Vilde teater lavastusega "Vajatakse naist" (lav. R. Adlas), parimaks lavastajaks tunnistati T. Tubin (lavastus "Ilma luuminõ & muu äri", Võru Teatriateljee), parimaks kunstnikuks M. Ehala, parimaks naisnäitlejaks K. Moppel ja parimaks meesnäitlejaks O. Zheludkov

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2005-01-01

100

Igavus teatris on igavaim igavus / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Läti teatri esindusfestivalist Riias. Lähemalt järgmistest lavastustest : R. Baumanise "Indranid" M. Gruzdovi lavastuses, J. Rainise "Puhu, tuul" G. Polishtshuki lavastuses, E. Siendze "Vasakpööre" O. Kordersi lavastuses ja E. Albee "Kes kardab Vurginia Woolfi?" R. Vaivarsi lavastuses

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Bulgaaria maanteenomaadid Tallinna tänavatel. Teater / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Märtsis kaubaveoautol toimuvatest etendustest "Cargo Sofia-Tallinn". Esitavad bulgaaria treilerijuhid Ventzislav Borissov ja Nedjalko Nedjalkov. Teose autorid on Stefan Kaegi ja Jörg Karrenbauer. Lavastus on sissejuhatuseks suvisele teatrifestivalile Baltoscandal

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2008-01-01

102

Tantsud Tartus - vaatajast saab looja / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Festivalide Draama ja Eclectica tantsulavastustest : Krõõt Juuraku "Once Upon", Kaja Kannu, Martins Eiche ja Aigars Aipinsi "Vabadus/Briviba" ja Mairika Plakso ja Margus Toomla "The story of M & M Part II"

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2007-01-01

103

DAVID: A new video motion sensor for outdoor perimeter applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To be effective, a perimeter intrusion detection system must comprise both sensor and rapid assessment components. The use of closed circuit television (CCTV) to provide the rapid assessment capability, makes possible the use of video motion detection (VMD) processing as a system sensor component. Despite it's conceptual appeal, video motion detection has not been widely used in outdoor perimeter systems because of an inability to discriminate between genuine intrusions and numerous environmental effects such as cloud shadows, wind motion, reflections, precipitation, etc. The result has been an unacceptably high false alarm rate and operator work-load. DAVID (Digital Automatic Video Intrusion Detector) utilizes new digital signal processing techniques to achieve a dramatic improvement in discrimination performance thereby making video motion detection practical for outdoor applications. This paper begins with a discussion of the key considerations in implementing an outdoor video intrusion detection system, followed by a description of the DAVID design in light of these considerations

1986-06-22

104

Entretien électronique avec David Foenkinos : « De Nathalie à la mort »  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Auteur français couronné de succès (comme en témoignent l’attribution de nombreux littéraires et le nombre élevé d’exemplaires vendus de ses œuvres en France et à l’étranger, en français et en traduction, David Foenkinos – fantaisiste, érudit et alerte dans son style – a publié une dizaine de romans, dont Le potentiel érotique de ma femme (Gallimard, 2004, La délicatesse (Gallimard, 2009, Lennon (Plon, 2010, Les souvenirs (Gallimard, 2011 et, tout récemment, Je vais mieux (Gallimard, 2013. La délicatesse a donné lieu à la réalisation d’un film au titre éponyme réalisé par l’auteur et son frère Stéphane et avec Audrey Tautou dans le rôle de Nathalie, protagoniste principale. David Foenkinos était l’invité du Salon du livre de Toronto en décembre 2012.

Catherine Parayre

2013-05-01

105

Lola Cercas en Soldados de Salamina (David Trueba, 2003)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Este artículo defiende la importancia de Lola Cercas, interpretada por Ariadna Gil, en la obra de David Trueba Soldados de Salamina. Si su trabajo anterior se había enfocado en la historia, la memoria y el uso de fuentes archivísticas, se sostiene que estos temas son filtrados por la psique de Lola, cuyo papel es crucial. A través de medios tradicionales, como un trabajo de cámara subjetiva, y recursos más innovadores, como el “mindscreen” (Kawin), Trueba impulsa nuestra identificac...

2008-01-01

106

Language and Signs: An Interview with Ojibwe Novelist David Treuer  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The publication of David Treuer's (Ojibwe) Native American Fiction: A User's Manual (2006) initiated something of a controversy within Native American Literary Studies. Interpreted as an assault on the political and cultural meaning of tribal fiction, the collection has been critiqued by those who argue that indigenous specificity is reflected by a distinct, and specific, Native American literary aesthetic. In this interview Treuer clarifies his position, explains his dual concern for Ojibwe ...

Kirwan, Padraig

2009-01-01

107

Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland  

CERN Multimedia

Dr. David Syz, State Secretary for Economic Affairs, Switzerland is seen here (seventh from right) visiting the assembly hall for the ATLAS experiment during his recent visit to CERN. To his right is Dr. Peter Jenni (blue shirt), spokesperson for the ATLAS Collaboration. The horizontal metal cylinder behind the group is one of the eight vacuum vessels for the superconducting coils of the ATLAS barrel toroid magnet system.

Maximilien Brice

2003-01-01

108

Hacking the aesthetic: David Haines and Joyce Hinterding's new ecologies of signal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Award winning Australian electronic artists David Haines and Joyce Hinterding's installation work is discussed as “signal-work.” Their work reconfigures signal within original assemblages involving subtle audio, high resolution video (both recorded and animated, kilometers of coiled copper wire, antennae or home-built electronics, electrostatic disturbances, the like of very low frequency radiation from the Milky Way, and cross-signal processing. The article develops a context for thinking about the work in terms of Whitehead's process philosophy, as this is relevant to media theory, as well as concepts of plural ecology and ongoing differentiation drawn from Bateson and Guattari. Signal processing is seen as key to all this. The article argues that in Hinterding and Haines’ signal-work new sensations are produced, outside of the normal “syntax” of some models of aesthetic experience. This challenges some aspects of thinking about both aesthetics and political ecology.

Andrew Murphie

2012-06-01

109

Fairness and Respect in Obesity Prevention Policies: A Response to David Buchanan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In his response to our article (1,2, David Buchanan introduces some useful and important distinctions in the concepts of equality and autonomy. He highlights, for example, the distinction between inequality and inequity, which captures the insight that not all differences between people are unjust. Unjust inequalities are a subset of differences between people, and theories of justice can be defined by how they determine which of these differences are unjust. In addition, he points out that autonomy is not simply a matter of negative liberty, but also about a positive capacity to act. This understanding of autonomy is consistent with the account we offered in the paper, which underlines the importance of both the capacity to understand available options, and the capacity to act on the choices that one makes.

Katherine King

2014-01-01

110

David Mitrany and South-East Europe: The Balkan Key to World Peace  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Today David Mitrany is best known for his work on international functionalism, which influenced the development of European integration and the organisation of United Nations specialised agencies. What is often ignored in the West is his work on South-East Europe. During the inter-war period Mitrany studied both the operation of war government and the subsequent peasant revolution in the Balkans. War government demonstrated that political organisation could bridge the gap between social action and private property, while the peasant social revolution showed that the abstract economics associated with both capitalist and Marxist economics was not applicable outside of urban industrial production. It was through his studies of South-East Europe that Mitrany drew many of the lessons and concepts that were to form the foundations of his international theory.

Lucian M. Ashworth

2008-11-01

111

The sociology of language in Johann David Michaelis's dissertation of 1760.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1759 Johann David Michaelis won a prize from the Prussian Royal Academy for his essay Beantwortung der Frage von dem Einfluss der Meinungen in die Sprache, und der sprache in die Meinungen. The essay was published in the following year and translated into French in 1762, into English in 1769, and into Dutch in 1771. The work has two major themes--linguistic relativity and language change--with ancillary discussions of language in general and of homonymy. Its most significant contribution to the theory of language is its discussion of linguistic relativity, especially in its manifestations in the influence of language on thought. Given the intellectual milieu of the work where inquiry was centered on the origin of language and language universals, it stands as one of the few discussions of this topic and it is also one of the most fruitful discussions of linguistic relativity for any period of history. PMID:797710

Smith, R N

1976-10-01

112

David Elijah Packer: cluster variables, meteors and the solar corona  

CERN Document Server

David Elijah Packer (1862-1936), a librarian by profession, was an enthusiastic amateur astronomer who observed from London and Birmingham. He first came to the attention of the astronomical community in 1890 when he discovered a variable star in the globular cluster M5, only the second periodic variable to be discovered in a globular cluster. He also observed meteors and nebulae, on one occasion reporting a brightening in the nucleus of the galaxy M77. However, his remarkable claims in 1896 that he had photographed the solar corona in daylight were soon shown to be flawed.

Shears, Jeremy

2014-01-01

113

Lola Cercas en Soldados de Salamina (David Trueba, 2003  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artículo defiende la importancia de Lola Cercas, interpretada por Ariadna Gil, en la obra de David Trueba Soldados de Salamina. Si su trabajo anterior se había enfocado en la historia, la memoria y el uso de fuentes archivísticas, se sostiene que estos temas son filtrados por la psique de Lola, cuyo papel es crucial. A través de medios tradicionales, como un trabajo de cámara subjetiva, y recursos más innovadores, como el “mindscreen” (Kawin, Trueba impulsa nuestra identificación con la protagonista. La preocupación de Lola sobre su falta de descendencia añade una dimensión ulterior, permitiendo a Trueba insinuar un futuro incierto al examinar un complejo pasado.

Sally Faulkner

2008-02-01

114

Interview with an Insignia doctor: David M. Sarver.  

Science.gov (United States)

Insignia (Ormco, Orange, Calif) offers custom-designed orthodontic appliances via fully interactive software. It is a precise, start-to-finish process that works with Damon, Inspire ICE, and conventional appliances. Insignia software incorporates the clinician's treatment plan into a virtual 3-dimensional model of each patient's ideal occlusion and delivers a complete custom solution: patient-specific brackets, precision (computer-assisted) bracket placement, and custom wires to eliminate time-consuming adjustments in all phases of treatment. Dr David Sarver, an orthodontist in Birmingham, Alabama, has treated patients with the Insignia technique since 1997. PMID:19962609

Scholz, Robert P; Sarver, David M

2009-12-01

115

The Reconstruction of Subjectivity in the Film of David Lynch  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In my essay on the richly interpretable film of David Lynch, Lost Highway I intend to make a connecting point of the prior Freudian and Lacanian interpretations and a visual cultural reading of the movie. My main hypothesis is that the film’s world claimed as a possible reveller of the hidden desires or the Lacanian Real can be understood as a proclamation of Vilém Flusser’s concept, the “photographic universe” referring to our world after the cultural turn of the technical mediums. ...

2010-01-01

116

David Barker (1938-2013), - a giant in reproductive epidemiology  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

David Barker received the prestigious Richard Doll Prize in 2011 given by the International Epidemiology Association (IEA). This prize is given to a person who deserved to be a candidate for the Nobel Prize but would probably not be accepted by the Nobel Committee because of the way epidemiologic research is structured and conducted. In epidemiology we can seldom point towards a specific article or even a few articles or a single person who, by himself alone, changes the way we think. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Olsen, Jørn

2014-01-01

117

[David Feest. Zwangskollektivierung im Baltikum : die Sowjetisierung des estnischen Dorfes 1944-1953] / Anu Mai Kõll  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Arvustus: Feest, David. Zwangskollektivierung im Baltikum : die Sowjetisierung des estnischen Dorfes 1944-1953. Köln [etc.] : Böhlau, 2007. Esimesest rahvusvaheliselt kättesaadavast laiahaardelisest Eesti kollektiviseerimist käsitlevast teosest

Kõll, Anu Mai, 1946-

2008-01-01

118

Õigeksmõistev otsus vallandas publiku tormilise aplausi / Tiiu Põld ; kommenteerinud David Vseviov ; Marju Lauristin  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Harju maakohtu õigeksmõistvast otsusest aprillirahutuste korraldamises süüdistatavate Dmitri Linteri, Maksim Reva, Dimitri Klenski ja Mark Sirõki kohta. Kommenteerivad David Vseviov ja Marju Lauristin

Põld, Tiiu, 1945-

2009-01-01

119

First Scholarship at AGU Established by David E. Lumley  

Science.gov (United States)

Shortly after AGU launched its annual voluntary contribution campaign last year—the theme was “Building Tomorrow's Talent Today”—the Union's development office received an e-mail message from David E. Lumley about establishing a scholarship for a high-school student or undergraduate. Many scientific societies and associations have quite a few named scholarships, but for AGU this was a new concept. Lumley was sure of what he wanted to do and even more excited when he learned that his scholarship would be a first for AGU. “I want to help inspire today's young minds to work on problems of global importance in both the energy and environment sectors of industry and academia,” Lumley said. Recipients of the David E. Lumley Young Scientist Scholarship for Energy and Environmental Science will be expected to present a paper and to participate in various student activities at Fall Meeting. “Meeting some of the ‘giants’ of geoscience and getting their feedback on research is a big deal for these young students. We sometimes lose sight of this,” he said.

Tahar, Joanna G.

2009-09-01

120

Large-Scale Cancer Genomics Data Analysis - David Haussler, TCGA Scientific Symposium 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

Home News and Events Multimedia Library Videos Large-Scale Cancer Genomics Data Analysis - David Haussler Large-Scale Cancer Genomics Data Analysis - David Haussler, TCGA Scientific Symposium 2011 You will need Adobe Flash Player 8 or later and JavaScript

 
 
 
 
121

No correlation between neonatal fitness and heterozygosity in a reintroduced population of Père David's deer  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Considering the severe impacts of genetic bottlenecks and small numbers of founders in populations of reintroduced animals, it is necessary to study inbreeding and its effect on fitness in species of conservation concern. Père David’s deer is one of few large mammal species extinct in the wild but safely preserved in captivity. Its specific background gives us the opportunity to study the relationships between heterozygosity and neonatal fitness in relocated populations. We employed five microsatellite loci to explore heterozygosity-fitness correlations in a population of Père David’s deer at the Beijing Milu Ecological Research Center. We observed associations between microsatellite-based variables sMLH, IR, MD2 and HL, and two components of fitness expressed early in life (birth weight and the neonatal mortality of 123 Père David’s deer calves born over six consecutive years. We found that neonatal mortality was 19.1 ± 7.6%, not higher than the 19% or 18% reported in other ungulates. The heterozygosity of calves was not associated with neonatal mortality, nor birth weight. Our study implies that low genetic variability of microsatellite loci has no overt effect on birth weight and neonatal mortality in reintroduced populations of Père David’s deer [Current Zoology 59 (2: 249–256, 2013].

Yan ZENG, Chunwang LI, Linyuan ZHANG, Zhenyu ZHONG, Zhigang JIANG

2013-04-01

122

The influence of David Keeling on oceanic CO2 measurements  

Science.gov (United States)

Dave Keeling—only Roger Revelle called him "Charles David" and always in a tone that could command Dave's attention—had a remarkable influence on the creation of modern understanding of the oceanic CO2 system. Although Dave resided at an oceanographic institution for almost his entire professional career, the great majority of his work concerned atmospheric measurements; his own account of his work [Keeling, 1998] makes scant reference to his ocean science papers. But those relatively few oceanic papers, and more importantly his intense personal interest and unimpeachable reputation for classic measurement, had enormous impact. It is possible to trace Dave's influence on oceanic measurement through the course of five decades, and over that time, our understanding has grown enormously. The following is a somewhat personal account, but Dave so influenced the careers of the small group of ocean CO2 scientists that have led the way that any one of them would write a similar account.

Brewer, Peter G.

123

Fiber-linked spectroscopy at David Dunlap Observatory  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the arrangement used for the recently installed fiber-fed pseudo-coude room in the dome of the 1.88 David Dunlap Telescope. The special features of the arrangement include two Richardson-type image slicers used as aspect changers for the 100-micron fiber outputs, a novel reflective focal ratio adapter at the input used to provide a beam identical with a conventional tilted slit for guiding, and specially designed speedometer that can accommodate large-diameter fibers. A ground-based heat pump is used to provide temperature control for both the new instrument room and the orbital telescope control room. The performance of the system was tested showing satisfactory focus stability and photometric repeatability. However, the throughput of the system was found to be only 10 percent of that attained at the Cassegrain focus, instead of the expected 25 percent.

Kamper, Karl W.

124

Physics Nobel prize 2004: Surprising theory wins physics Nobel  

CERN Multimedia

From left to right: David Politzer, David Gross and Frank Wilczek. For their understanding of counter-intuitive aspects of the strong force, which governs quarks inside protons and neutrons, on 5 October three American physicists were awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics. David J. Gross (Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara), H. David Politzer (California Institute of Technology), and Frank Wilczek (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) made a key theoretical discovery with a surprising result: the closer quarks are together, the weaker the force - opposite to what is seen with electromagnetism and gravity. Rather, the strong force is analogous to a rubber band stretching, where the force increases as the quarks get farther apart. These physicists discovered this property of quarks, known as asymptotic freedom, in 1976. It later became a key part of the theory of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and the Standard Model, the current best theory to describe the interac...

2004-01-01

125

IISD congratulates renowned environmental scientist David Schindler on a distinguished career  

...IISD congratulates renowned environmental scientist David Schindler on a distinguished career Search IISD Search Publications    IISD Home Our Knowledge About IISD Media Room ...Press Releases and Announcements 2013 Here » October 30, 2013 IISD congratulates renowned environmental scientist David Schindler on a distinguished career WINNIPEG—October 30, 2013—On the occasion of ... David Schindler from the University of Alberta, IISD is pleased to join his many admirers in offering congratulations on a distinguished career.... Schindler's research on the human impacts on freshwater ecosystems has produced major scientific breakthroughs that, in turn, have catalysed policy responses....

126

Gordon And Mike's ICT Podcast: A Conversation with David Hata - The Godfather of SAME-TEC.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gordon and Mike's ICT Podcast offers perspectives on the information and communication technologies (ICT) industries from Gordon Snyder and Mike Qaissaunee.In this video podcast, Gordon interviews David Hata, who is the originator of the SAME-TEC conference. Gordon and David discuss the history of the conference, DavidâÂÂs teaching experiences and how the field has evolved. Running time: 6:04. This podcast is available for direct download in m4v format from the Libsyn site, or click here to subscribe to the whole series in iTunes.

Qaissaunee, Michael; Snyder, Gordon F.

2010-04-30

127

Low Background VLWIR SCA Characterization for the David Program  

Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (Canada)

The Development of Advanced Very Long Wavelength Infrared Detectors (DAVID) Program, managed by the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), is designed to advance the development of focal plane arrays for applications in space based surveillance. In order to achieve the requirements for very long wavelengths and high sensitivities, extremely challenging demands are placed on the both the detector material and the readout integrated circuit (ROIC) technology. To produce exceptionally low detector leakage currents, for instance, detector developments with low doping and advanced molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth techniques have been evaluated. Also needed were ROICs with low noise performance as well as capability for accommodating a wide variation in detector characteristics including R0A, back bias, and 1/f noise. This paper will discuss and compare these focal plane requirements with the program results achieved to date. Current data, including the NEl, will demonstrate that focal planes with BLIP limited performance can be achieved even with backgrounds in the 10(exp 12) photons/cm/sec range.

2000-01-01

128

"Handbook of biomedical optics", edited by David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam, Eds.: Handbook of Biomedical Optics CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2011 ISBN: 978-1-4200-9036-9 (Hardback, 787 pages

Gramatikov Boris

2012-02-01

129

Apollo külastajate lemmikuks on Jan Kausi ja David Mitchelli raamatud / Jaak Urmet  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Apollo kaupluse koduleheküljel valiti parimaks ilukirjandusteoseks Jan Kausi "Tema", tõlgitud ilukirjanduse osas David Mitchelli "Pilveatlas", luuleraamatutest Ott Arderi "Luule sünnib kus sünnib kui sünnib" ja lasteraamatutest Christopher Paolini "Vanem"

Urmet, Jaak, 1979-

2006-01-01

130

Transmittal of Report of Investigation -- David Smith, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Fish, Wildlife and Parks.  

Science.gov (United States)

This memorandum transmits the results of the Office of Inspector General(OIG) investigation into an allegation that David Smith, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Fish, Wildlife and Parks, inappropriately designated Houston as a port of entry under the Endanger...

2006-01-01

131

Siim Nestor soovitab : David Morales. Reede ja laupäeva parimad palad / Siim Nestor  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Popmuusikaüritustest: David Morales 15. apr. klubis Moskva, "Eklekter" 16. apr Von Krahlis (esinejaks rootsi diskor DJ Mad Mats), prantsuse diskor DJ Yellow 16. apr. klubis Hollywood, üritusest "Dependent" 17. apr. Tartus

Nestor, Siim, 1974-

2004-01-01

132

Semantic Analysis of Figurative Expressions Used By David Archuleta in His Twelve Selected Song Lyrics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A Semantic Analysis of Figurative Expressions Used By David Archuleta in his selected twelve song lyrics merupakan suatu analisis pengklasifikasian makna yang terkandung pada suatu lirik lagu yang didasarkan atas pengklasifikasian melalui Figurative Expression. Bahasan dalam analisis ini mencakup hiperbola, metapora, personifikasi, simile dan irony dalam lagu-lagu David Archuleta yang sudah dipilih. Dari analisis yang dilakukan ditemukan 35 ungkapan figurative yang terdiri dari 12 ungkapan fi...

2011-01-01

133

Life Cycle of a Large Telescope: the David Dunlap Observatory  

Science.gov (United States)

When it went into operation in 1935, the 74-inch reflector at the David Dunlap Observatory was the world's second largest and most sophisticated telescope. Designed specifically for stellar spectroscopy, almost all work performed with it until the early 1950s was limited to that specialty. Most University of Toronto staff were expected to contribute to the observatory's programme. However, as the staff expanded and newer research specialties were introduced, the telescope had to be refitted with new auxiliary equipment, or not be used at all. By the late 1960s, the observatory's night sky began to deteriorate due to light pollution from uncontrolled urban growth. While limited work could be performed into the 1990s, the telescope was no longer considered "large” far more powerful, versatile instruments at much superior sites were by then available. That Toronto astronomers had moved on can be demonstrated from their publication records. The end came in 2008 when the University of Toronto decided that the land's value could be used to support astronomical research in a broader sense. In response, the community, which had ignored the observatory for most of its history, and a few dissident astronomers, strongly defended its survival on a number of grounds. The narrative suggests a number of life-cycle stages: 1) maximum use of the instrument due to superior environmental and technical conditions, plus staff homogeneity; 2) application of new technologies to extend the instrument's capability in the face of diversifying research interests and decaying environmental factors; 3) fading value due to obsolescence and poor environmental factors; 4) death or metamorphosis (such as becoming an educational or historical institution). It appears that these phases apply to a number of historical cases. It is not clear, for the Dunlap Observatory, how the fourth phase will play out.

Jarrell, Richard

2009-01-01

134

Determinants of vigilance in a reintroduced population of Père David's deer  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available After being kept in captivity and isolated from natural predators for more than 1,200 years, Père David’s deer has been reintroduced in China and now occurs in a reserve where human activity is the only potential threat. Antipredator vigilance is an important component of survival for many prey animals in their natural habitat. Do deer still adjust vigilance as a function of risk after such a long period of relaxed predation pressure? Here, we examined vigilance levels in Père David’s deer groups as a function of group size, sex and level of human disturbance. The results showed that individual vigilance significantly decreased with group size in all-female groups but not in all-males or mixed-sex groups. In rutting season, males compete with one another and harass females, and we argue that vigilance is partly aimed at threatening males and that such vigilance increases with group size. This explains why overall vigilance did not vary with group size for males in general and for females in mixed-sex groups. Vigilance increased in more disturbed areas but in in male deer only. The results indicate that despite relaxed predation pressure over centuries, Père David’s deer can still adjust antipredator responses as a function of perceived risk. Such information may become useful in the rewilding programme now under way for this species in China [Current Zoology 59 (2: 265–270, 2013].

Wei ZHENG, Guy BEAUCHAMP, Xuelei JIANG, Zhongqiu LI, Qinglong YANG

2013-04-01

135

Do P?re David's Deer Lose Memories of Their Ancestral Predators?  

Science.gov (United States)

Whether prey retains antipredator behavior after a long period of predator relaxation is an important question in predator-prey evolution. Père David's deer have been raised in enclosures for more than 1200 years and this isolation provides an opportunity to study whether Père David's deer still respond to the cues of their ancestral predators or to novel predators. We played back the sounds of crows (familiar sound) and domestic dogs (familiar non-predators), of tigers and wolves (ancestral predators), and of lions (potential naïve predator) to Père David's deer in paddocks, and blank sounds to the control group, and videoed the behavior of the deer during the experiment. We also showed life-size photo models of dog, leopard, bear, tiger, wolf, and lion to the deer and video taped their responses after seeing these models. Père David's deer stared at and approached the hidden loudspeaker when they heard the roars of tiger or lion. The deer listened to tiger roars longer, approached to tiger roars more and spent more time staring at the tiger model. The stags were also found to forage less in the trials of tiger roars than that of other sound playbacks. Additionally, it took longer for the deer to restore their normal behavior after they heard tiger roars, which was longer than that after the trial of other sound playbacks. Moreover, the deer were only found to walk away after hearing the sounds of tiger and wolf. Therefore, the tiger was probably the main predator for Père David's deer in ancient time. Our study implies that Père David's deer still retain the memories of the acoustic and visual cues of their ancestral predators in spite of the long term isolation from natural habitat.

Ding, Yuhua; Zhang, Linyuan; Fang, Hongxia; Tang, Songhua; Jiang, Zhigang

2011-01-01

136

Is Mass Society a Threat to Representative Democracy? Revisiting David Riesman’s “Other-Directed Character”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Representative democracy has been based on the idea that interest groups form parliaments through competitive elections, and legislate in favour of their supporters. Declining electoral participation, rise of populist rightwing parties, contingent coalitions, personalized electoral success and scandaldriven politics indicate a crisis in representative democracy. Mass society theories after the Second World War predicted a decline of democracy on the basis of homogenisation of mass consumption societies. The threat was seen to involve totalitarian rule, combined with bureaucracy serving the interests of elites. This paper examines the underlying presuppositions of mass society theory, and argues that the homogeneity argument is insufficient to fit the realities. Following David Riesman, it is argued that the otherdirected character growsfrom unstable interest group identities, but its determinant is not sameness but agency and therefore difference. To have agency is to orient oneself to others as a self, as unique, separate and autonomous subject. This is vindicated by trends in public administration since the 1980s, which stress citizens’ selfcontrol,autonomy and partnership rather than conformity. Political disputes arise around contradictions between difference and autonomy in societies where agency is a principle of justification. Universal autonomy requires homogeneity but agency stresses difference and uniqueness.

Pekka Sulkunen

2012-07-01

137

Remapping Place and Narrative in Native American Literature: David Treuer's "The Hiawatha"  

Science.gov (United States)

David Treuer's 1997 novel, "The Hiawatha," engages the traditional literary strategies employed by Native American writing, compares those strategies to earlier narratives (Native American and canonically American), offers a reassessment of indigenous novelistic structures, engages critical responses to tribal fiction, and does so in response to…

Kirwan, Padraig

2007-01-01

138

Effect of total dissolved gas supersaturated water on early life of David's schizothoracin (Schizothorax davidi)*  

Science.gov (United States)

The effect of total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation on fish living downstream of dams is one of the main ecological risks of high dam construction. A strategy for mitigating the negative effects is needed urgently since many high dams are under construction in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River in China. Experiments on the hatching process of David’s schizothoracin were carried out and the results show that the hatching rate decreased with increasing TDG levels, and that most eggs hatched within a very short time in the higher TDG saturation groups. By using a stereomicroscope, damages to the head, yolk sac, body, anus, etc. were found in larvae which hatched in TDG supersaturated water. Results show that the lesion rate increased with increasing TDG levels. Furthermore, 7-d-old David’s schizothoracin were exposed to TDG supersaturated water levels of 100%, 105%, 110%, 115%, 120%, 125%, 130%, 135%, and 140% for testing their tolerance to TDG supersaturation. We found that the median lethal concentrations (LC50) for 13, 14, 20, 35, 52, 73, and 96 h exposure were 138%, 138%, 134%, 130%, 129%, 128%, and 126%, respectively. The median lethal times (LT50) were 7.49, 11.04, 19.25, and 35.38 h for exposure to water with TDG levels of 145%, 140%, 135%, and 130%, respectively.

Liang, Rui-feng; Li, Bo; Li, Ke-feng; Tuo, You-cai

2013-01-01

139

In the Year of the Rat. From infection to poisoning in David Peace's Occupied City  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Susan Sontag’s probably most influencing work – her reflection on the metaphoricaura enveloping certain diseases – may be of some use in introducing my approach toDavid Peace’s narrative, with particular reference to the so called Tokyo Trilogy

Nicoletta Vallorani

2014-05-01

140

Una revisión del caudillo a dos voces: Notas sobre reescritura e intertextualidad en el teatro de David Peña y David Viñas / A review of the leader for two voices: Notes on rewriting and intertextuality in the theater of David Peña and David Viñas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este trabajo analiza la recuperación que dos obras teatrales realizan de una misma situación histórica relevante de la historia argentina: el levantamiento militar (1828) por el que se fusiló al caudillo Manuel Dorrego. Ambos textos: el Dorrego de David Peña (1909), y el Dorrego de David Viñas (1974 [...] ), presentan vínculos intertextuales mediante los cuales han revisado algunos temas decisivos para la cultura política argentina (el caudillismo, el populismo, la participación del ejército en la política). Por otra parte, al reinterpretarse cada pieza en su contexto, se recuperan alusiones veladas a la realidad contemporánea que los textos cuestionaban indirectamente apelando a la relectura histórica. Abstract in english This work analyzes two theater works about an episode of Argentine history: the military rise of 1828 where the caudillo Manuel Dorrego was shot. Both texts, Dorrego by David Peña (1909) and Dorrego by David Viñas (1974), have intertextual bonds by means of which they have reviewed some decisive sub [...] jects for the Argentine political culture -caudillismo, populism, participation of the army in the policy- On the other hand, when reinterpreting each piece in its context, there have been recovered veiled references to the contemporary reality which the texts questioned, indirectly appealing to a historical re-reading.

Carlos, Hernán Sosa.

 
 
 
 
141

David Cameron’s EU treaty veto is a disaster for Britain  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Britain is now isolated as the only EU country to walk away from negotiations to rework the Lisbon treaty in order to save the euro. Simon Hix argues that David Cameron has chosen to take a disastrous course of action that imperils both the economic health and political sustainability of the UK

Hix, Simon

2011-01-01

142

A Response to David Kirk: Personal/Professional Views from US Authors  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper represents the views of two scholars in the USA with respect to the scholar lecture presented by David Kirk at the 2012 BERA -- Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy (PESP) Special Interest Group meeting. We discuss how two unique features of the American universities have an impact on both the corporate nature of our work and our…

Hastie, Peter; van der Mars, Hans

2014-01-01

143

Support for the David C. Chapman Lecture Series on Coastal Ocean Processes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The long-term goal of this project is to celebrate the heritage of Dr. David C. Chapman, a distinguished coastal oceanographer with strong ties to the Office of Naval Research, who died in 2004. The project's primary objective is to communicate to the bro...

K. H. Brink R. C. Beardsley S. J. Lentz

2009-01-01

144

CRCHD - CRCHD Research - Principal Investigator: David W. Wetter, Ph.D.  

Science.gov (United States)

David W. Wetter, Ph.D., joined M. D. Anderson in 1995 and was appointed as the first Cullen Trust for Health Care Chair in the Department of Health Disparities Research in 2005. His research is targeted at eliminating disparities in health-related behavior through T2 and T3 translational research.

145

Teaching for Enjoyment: David Manson and His "Play School" of Belfast  

Science.gov (United States)

The school operated by David Manson in 18th century Belfast was a centre of learning which represented a critical approach to traditional forms of education. Choice instead of coercion; encouragement rather than ridicule; achievement and recognition for all learners were the hallmarks of his method. Enjoyment in teaching and in learning was not…

Griffin, Sean

2005-01-01

146

David Haussler, Ph.D., Delivers a Lecture on Cancer Genomics and the Significance of TCGA  

Science.gov (United States)

You can view the movie hereIn this lecture, Dr. David Haussler provides a historical overview of the field of genomics leading up to TCGA, including the Cancer Genomics Hub at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and the TCGA Pan-Cancer initiative.

147

Objectivism and Education: A Response to David Elkind's "The Problem with Constructivism"  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper responds to David Elkind's article "The Problem with Constructivism," published in the Summer 2004 issue of The EducationalForum. It argues that Elkind?s thesis?teacher, curricular, and societal readiness lead to the implementation of constructivism?is conceptually problematic. This paper also critiques constructivism and supports…

Carson, Jamin

2005-01-01

148

The post-perspectival: screens and time in David Lynch's Inland Empire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Taking Anne Friedberg's notion of the post-perspectival as the point of departure for her analysis of David Lynch's digitally shot and edited Inland Empire from 2006, Anne Jerslev argues that the film deconstructs continuous time and coherent space by constructing multiple planes of representation, multiple layerings of screens and, hence, multiple and fractured modes of perception. The article further suggests that the film's enigmatic structure might best be understood with reference to a new media genre like the website with its hyperlink structure. Finally, the article discusses how a sense of ubiquitous surveillance coalesces with the screen logic.Author Biography Anne Jerslev (PhD is Professor of Film and Media Studies at the Department of Media, Cognition and Communication, University of Copenhagen. Anne Jerslev has published and edited books in Danish and English and published dozens of articles in journals and anthologies in Danish, Scandinavian languages, German and English. Her first book was titled David Lynch i vore øjne (David Lynch in our eyes (1991; it was published in German in 1995 under the title David Lynch—mentale Landschaften. After the Lynch book she published books about cult movies, youth and media and media and intimacy. She has edited two volumes in English, Realism and Reality in Film and Media (2002, where she contributed a piece about Lars von Trier's The Idiots, and Performative Realism (co-edited with Rune Gade (2005. Her latest edited volume (co-edited with Christa Lykke Christensen is Hvor går grænsen? Brudflader i den moderne mediekultur [Are there no limits? The crossing of boundaries in contemporary media culture] (Copenhagen 2010. She is currently editing a volume about “Impure Cinema” together with professor Lúcia Nagib from the University of Leeds, which will appear in 2013. Her own contribution to the book is an article about David Lynch's Interview Project.

Anne Jerslev

2012-03-01

149

Theory.org.uk: The Media Theory Site  

Science.gov (United States)

Launched by Professor David Gauntlett of the University of Bournemouth in January 1999, this site provides an interesting introduction to the vast world of media theory. Visitors looking for materials on media theories (and their accompanying theorists) will want to move their browsers to the section that contains resources on such individuals as Anthony Giddens, Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, and a number of other scholars whose work has directly influenced the ideas of media theory, either directly or indirectly. Equally intriguing is the set of trading cards developed by Gauntlett that provide brief facts about such concepts as psychoanalysis, postmodernity, and girl power. After reading through the materials on media theory located here, visitors may also elect to take a sixteen-question quiz, featuring visual clues.

150

Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Volume VIII.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ten papers on theory and research in higher education have the following titles and authors: "Collegiality: Toward a Clarification of Meaning and Function" (James L. Bess); "Quality by Design: Toward a Framework for Academic Quality Management" (David D. Dill); "Beyond 'the State': Interorganizational Relations and State Apparatuses in…

Smart, John C., Ed.

151

Monstrosity, Anxiety and the Real: Representations of the Victorian Metropolis in David Lynch's The Elephant Man  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The following paper will offer an interpretation of David Lynch's film The Elephant Man, and its representations of late-Victorian London as a monstrous and deformed body. Besides tracing these themes in a discussion of exemplary scenes of the film, I wish to illuminate how underlying notions of monstrosity in the writings of Victorian urban explorers and reformers contributed to ideas and anxieties about the body and domesticity, and helped to promote the image ...

Torsten Lange

2007-01-01

152

Hacking the aesthetic: David Haines and Joyce Hinterding's new ecologies of signal  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Award winning Australian electronic artists David Haines and Joyce Hinterding's installation work is discussed as “signal-work.” Their work reconfigures signal within original assemblages involving subtle audio, high resolution video (both recorded and animated), kilometers of coiled copper wire, antennae or home-built electronics, electrostatic disturbances, the like of very low frequency radiation from the Milky Way, and cross-signal processing. The article develops a c...

Andrew Murphie

2012-01-01

153

The post-perspectival: screens and time in David Lynch's Inland Empire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Taking Anne Friedberg's notion of the post-perspectival as the point of departure for her analysis of David Lynch's digitally shot and edited Inland Empire from 2006, Anne Jerslev argues that the film deconstructs continuous time and coherent space by constructing multiple planes of representation, multiple layerings of screens and, hence, multiple and fractured modes of perception. The article further suggests that the film's enigmatic structure might best be understood ...

2012-01-01

154

A Commentary on David Scheffer’s concepts of genocide and atrocity crimes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Dans son article faisant l’objet du présent débat doctrinal (numéro spécial de la revue), David Scheffer opère deux propositions visant chacune à favoriser une meilleure prévention en matière de génocides. Il promeut, d’abord, une application politique du concept de génocide, distincte et plus large que son application juridique, qui puisse fonder une intervention internationale rapide et effective des Etats. Il propose, ensuite, la création d’un nouveau concept, celui d’

Garibian, Se?vane

2010-01-01

155

In Search of Firmness-Parenting and Education in Charles Dickens's David Copperfield  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Charles Dickens’s David Copperfield abounds with fatherless and motherless children, whose development into adolescence and adulthood is strongly affected by the parenting skills of the remaining parent. This essay studies different parenting and educational practices in the novel to see their impact on the behaviour and personality of the children. In Victorian England, two opposing views of childhood flourished: the Puritan one believing in childhood depravity, and the Romantic view based...

Viirola, Sari-leena

2012-01-01

156

Subject and History in Selected Works by Abdulrazak Gurnah, Yvonne Vera, and David Dabydeen  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study is concerned with subject formation in the fiction of contemporary postcolonial authors Abdulrazak Gurnah, Yvonne Vera, and David Dabydeen. In contextualised readings of a total of nine works – Gurnah’s Admiring Silence (1996), By the Sea (2001), and Desertion (2005); Vera’s Without a Name (1996), Butterfly Burning (1998), and The Stone Virgins (2002); Dabydeen’s Disappearance (1993), Turner (1994), and A Harlot’s Progress (1999) – it explores thematic and formal aspect...

Falk, Erik

2007-01-01

157

Holding No One Responsible : A Critical Assessment of David Copp's Collective Moral Autonomy Thesis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Syftet med denna uppsats är att kritisera David Copps collective moral autonomy thesis. Denna tes säger att det är möjligt för kollektiv att ha moraliska förpliktelser och vara moraliskt ansvariga trots att ingen av dess medlemmar har motsvarande egenskaper. Copp har fört fram två argument och tre exempel till stöd för sin tes. Jag kommer att diskutera dessa utifrån den kritik som förts fram mot tesen. Min slutsats är att Copps tes, om ändå konceptuellt möjlig, inte stöds av ...

Eriksson, Anton

2013-01-01

158

Interview with David Sarver, D.M.D., M.S.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The goal of this section is to provide insights into the thoughts and perspectives of some of dentistry's premier educators. In this issue, AACD Conference Advisory Co-Chair Dr. Hugh Flax (HF interviews Dr. David Sarver (DS. Dr. Sarver is scheduled to present at the AACD's 24th Annual Scientific Session in New Orleans in May 2008. For more information on AACD's conference, log onto www.aacd.com

2007-09-01

159

Animals and nature: mapping storylines and metaphors in David Kramer’s narratives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article discusses the representation of animals and nature in selected lyrics from the oeuvre of singer, songwriter and producer David Kramer and considers his engagement with historical and contemporary discourses about human-animal and human-nature interaction in relation to ecological awareness within a South African context. I trace the socio-political commentary voiced through his depiction of animals in the folksongs he wrote during apartheid, especially in lyrics from the album ?...

2011-01-01

160

Das Eismeer – Caspar David Friedrich and the North  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The German Romantic painter Caspar David Friedrich (1774-
1840) created the work of art Das Eismeer in the years 1823/24. Besides his painting Mönch am Meer it is his most radical painting. It depicts a dramatic and grim subject: A shipwreck in the Arctic Sea. According to different cultural, historical and social contexts there have been many different interpretations of his painting since it was produced.

Nina Hinrichs

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Baltoscandal on lõppenud, uued mõtted on saadud / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Eesti teater oli Baltoscandalil koondatud olematu teatri mõiste alla. Andres Noormetsa "Reunioon", Mart Kangro ja Ansambel U "Mäng", Marco Laimre "Vangistus", Asko Künnapi "Säälpool jõge", Anders Härmi "Cooking and Shitting", Sven Kuntu "Miks Eesti mehed ei tantsi?", Linnar Priimäe "Inimese lõhn"

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2006-01-01

162

Esimesed päevad, i-ta täpp - sissejuhatus / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kolmanda rahvusvahelise teatrifestivali "Talveöö unenägu" külalislavastustest : Valgevene Akad. Rahvusteatri esituses ja P. Adamtshikovi lavastuses "Kirsiaed" (pealkirjaga "S.V."), Rootsi Backa teatri esituses E. Östergreni "Girlpower" M. Stenbergi lavastuses

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2005-01-01

163

Elmo Nüganeni "Laulatus" võitis Poolas neli preemiat / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

E. Nüganeni Poolas, Toruni teatris valminud lavastus - W. Gombrowiczi "Laulatus"- pälvis Opole festivalil "Poola klassika" neli preemiat : Nüganen sai lavastaja-, A. Sekula kunstnikupreemia ja lisaks kaks näitlejapreemiat - V. Bogdanasele ja S. Maciejewskile

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2005-01-01

164

Alvis Hermanis - ma ütlen ... Ehk jõuab Eestissegi / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Lätlaste teatrifestivalist "Spelmanu Nakts" ("Showcase") ja muljeid nähtud etendustest. Ka Valmiera Draamateatrist, kus viimased aastad töötab eestlane Jaanus Johanson ja kus praegu Andres Lepik lavastab Andrus Kivirähki "Eesti matust"

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2006-01-01

165

Piiteri "Uue draama" märgistik hakkab selguma / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Peterburi teatrifestivalist "Novaja drama" (Uus draama), kus M. Karusoo lavastus "Eestisse sündinud" tekitas furoori. Pikemalt peatutakse ka K. Kostenko "Klaustrofoobial" - Koljada-Teatri ja Teatroni koostööl, samuti gruusia autori L. Bugadze näidendi "Šokeeritud Tatjana" lavastusel.

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2004-01-01

166

Märts - teatrikuu, nädalavahetusel viis esietendust / Tiiu Laks, Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Nädalavahetuse viiest esietendusest : Teatris NO99 William Shakespeare'i "Perikles" Tiit Ojasoo lavastuses, Endlas "Pommimäng" Joseph Helleri näitemängu "Me pommitasime New Havenit" järgi Madis Kalmeti lavastuses, Tallinna Linnateatris J?n Atli J?nassoni "Murdlainetus" Jaanus Rohumaa lavastuses, Eesti Draamateatris Enn Vetemaa-Erki Aule "Sigma TAU C705" Merle Karusoo lavastuses, Rakvere Teatris Urmas Lennuki kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Päeva lõpus"

Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

2008-01-01

167

Mida teeks tulevane kultuuriminister 500 miljoni krooniga? / interv. Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Suuremate erakondade kultuurispetsialistid (kultuuriministrikandidaadid) Urmas Paet, Andres Herkel, Peeter Jalakas, Indrek Saar, Jaak Allik, samuti kultuuriminister Raivo Palmaru vastavad küsimustele, mis on suurimad ohud eesti keele ja rahvuskultuuri säilimisele, milline on kultuuriministeeriumi ja -ministri portfelli staatus praeguses valitsuses, kas kultuuri rahastamine riigieelarvest on piisav, mille poolest erineb nende erakonna nägemus kultuuripoliitikast teiste erakondade omast, kuhu nad suunaksid 50, 500 miljonit, kui see oleks nende käsutuses

2007-01-01

168

Readers' resposes versus reader-response theories : An empirical study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examines both theoretically an empirically how well the theories of Norman Holland, David Bleich, Wolfgang Iser and Stanley Fish can explain readers' interpretations of literary texts. The theoretical analysis concentrates on their views on language from the point of view of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. This analysis shows that many of the assumptions related to language in these theories are problematic. The empirical data show that readers often form very similar ...

Therman, Cecilia

2003-01-01

169

Presenting Compassionate Conservatism in PMQ Genre: David Cameron's Questioning Performance in the Staged Verbal Duel with Tony Blair  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Modern British political arena is witnessing a radical reform in the Conservative party, ever since David Cameron’s leadership election in 2005. Compassionate Conservatism is promoted as the essential reforming ideology for attracting electorate support to regain the government. Through progressive approaches of limiting the government and empowering individuals and society, David Cameron has made great progress in rebuilding the party to be a center-right party representative of the wide B...

2007-01-01

170

David Infield  

Aug 17, 2010 ... Increased use of power electronics for network interfacing ... heat flux \\temperatures, power demands, device status ... House model output is time \\series that ... R e a l Po w e r (W. ) Demand (W). PV (W). ASHP (W). Imp./Exp.

171

David Paradine  

Automation of control systems, flow control (QBs, DC links), voltage control, alarm \\management. ? ... Develop operational tripping schemes which can adapt to \\changing network conditions (thermal and voltage stability. ? .... Sag monitors. \\?.

172

David Mabb  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The 19th Century English wallpaper and fabric designer, poet and socialist William Morris thought that interior design had a fundamental role to play in the transformation of everyday life. This essentially political motivation - a commitment to the radical potential of design - is behind much of his work as a designer and craftsman and the setting up of Morris & Co. In English political life, he was known firstly as a member of the National Liberal League. As he moved leftwards he became a l...

Mabb, David

2011-01-01

173

Intraspecific host selection of Père David's deer by cattle egrets in Dafeng, China.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studies have focused on foraging ecology of cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis) and their selection of ungulate host species. However, few studies have been conducted at intraspecific levels, such as the sex/age class of a specific ungulate. In this study, the foraging behavior and intraspecific host selection of cattle egrets associated with Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) were investigated at the Dafeng National Nature Reserve, China in summer 2011 and 2012. Egret-deer pairing status was analyzed and intraspecific host selection index was calculated. Cattle egrets preferred to feed with female deer compared with male deer and fawns. In contrast to solitary birds, cattle egrets following a deer benefited from a relatively low vigilance output, high foraging success, low energy expenditure, and high total foraging yields. These egrets also maximized benefits when they followed female deer compared with male deer and fawns. Our results further indicated that egrets likely preferred females because of the appropriate moving speed that allowed these egrets to follow and forage sufficiently and effectively. The males of Père David's deer were possibly more aggressive than the females during the rutting season, causing egrets to experience difficulty in accompaniment and feeding. Fawns were not preferred because they were usually motionless and insufficiently large to stir more insects. We did not find any behavioral differences in vigilance and feeding between juveniles and adults. Our results suggested that cattle egrets could obtain significant benefits from their association with Père David's deer, and these benefits were maximized when they followed female deer. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: insert SI title. PMID:24607393

Fernandez, Eve V; Li, Zhongqiu; Zheng, Wei; Ding, Yuhua; Sun, Daming; Che, Ye

2014-06-01

174

D. M. Armstrong on the Identity Theory of Mind  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Identity theory of mind occupies an important place in the history of philosophy. This theory is one of the important representations of the materialistic philosophy. This theory is known as "Materialist Monist Theory of Mind". Sometimes it is called "Type Physicalism", "Type Identity" or "Type-Type Theory" or "Mind-Brain Identity Theory". This theory appears in the philosophical domain as a reaction to the failure of Behaviourism. A number of philosophers developed this theory and among them U. T. Place, J. J. C. Smart, Herbert Feigl, D. Armstrong, and David Lewis are prominent. The main thesis of this theory is-states and processes of the mind are identical to states and processes of the brain. In this paper, I am trying to delineate the view of Armstrong on the nature of mind.

Shanjendu Nath

2013-04-01

175

David Sanders. A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available David Sanders in his monograph entitled A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance (2011 sheds light on the dilemmas, doubts and personal conflicts Frost confronted while composing his poetic collection North of Boston in which some of his most well-known lyrics, such as “Mending Wall,” “After Apple-Picking,” and “The Wood-Pile,” are contained. This book should be considered alongside a number of other publications either in monograph or essay form that app...

Tatiani G. Rapatzikou

2012-03-01

176

Le Breton David, En souffrance. Adolescence et entrée dans la vie  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Les souffrances du jeune Werther, Rimbaud, Le Grand Meaulnes : littérature ancienne ! Quant à la « flamboyante jeunesse » ou à la « génération perdue » des Fitzgerald et des Hemingway, elles sont quasiment ignorées en France. Freud a dit l’Œdipe, Debesse, La crise d’originalité juvénile. David Le Breton, lui, articule d’abord sa recherche avec ses ouvrages antérieurs sur le risque et se focalise sur l’expérience psychologique de l’adolescent souhaitant échapper à la souffrance qu’il éprouve, ...

Claude Rivière

2011-02-01

177

The European IST Project DAVID: A Viable Approach Toward Optical Packet Switching  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper, promising technologies and a network architecture are presented for future optical packet switched networks. The overall network concept is presented and the major choices are highlighted and compared with alternative solutions. Both long and shorter term approaches are considered, as well as both the wide-area network and multiple-area networks parts of the network. The results presented in this paper were developed in the frame of the research project DAVID (Data And Voice Integration over DWDM) project, funded by the European Commission through the IST-framework.

Dittmann, Lars; Mortensen, Brian Bach

2003-01-01

178

Para una des-comprensión filosófica del cine: el caso Inland Empire de David Lynch  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El trabajo cuestiona la capacidad hermenéutica de la filosofía en su tarea de analizar películas, sosteniendo quetal capacidad dejó de ser apropiada para hacer surgir el sentido y la verdad de obras cinematográficas. Se argumentaque una capacidad interactiva y “performativa” sería más adecuada. Obras cinematográficas como las de David Lynchayudan a entender este paso metodológico y temático desde la noción interpretativa de la verdad hacia la noción interactivade la misma, al construir filmes que se configuran como “imposibles hermenéuticos”. El artículo contiene unaauto-crítica a la propia actitud hermenéutica aún asumida en mi libro Cine: 100 años de filosofía, de 1999.

Julio Cabrera

2009-05-01

179

Sit Down with Sabin: David Schlegel: Hunting Dark Energy (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory physicist and dark energy hunter David Schlegel chats with Sabin Russell, former San Francisco Chronicle reporter turned Berkeley Lab science writer, June 22, 2011. Their conversation is the first installment of "Sit Down With Sabin," a weekly conversation hosted by Russell. Over the course of five conversations with Berkeley Lab staff this summer, Russell will explore the ups and downs of innovative science — all without the aid of PowerPoint slides. Brought to you by Berkeley Lab Public Affairs.

Russell, Sabin; Schlegel, David

2011-06-22

180

STS-57 PLC G. David Low, in LES, listens to egress briefing at JSC's MAIL  

Science.gov (United States)

STS-57 Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105, Payload Commander (PLC) and Mission Specialist (MS) G. David Low, wearing launch and entry suit (LES), smiles for the photographer during an emergency egress briefing. Low, along with the other STS-57 crewmembers, will participate in an emergency egress simulation in JSC's Crew Compartment Trainer (CCT) to familiarize himself with the procedures necessary in the event of an emergency during launch or landing aboard the space shuttle. The CCT is located in JSC's Mockup and Integration Laboratory (MAIL) Bldg 9NE.

1993-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Buhler, James. Neumeyer, David. Deemer, Rob. Hearing the Movies: Music and Sound in Film History  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available James Buhler et David Neumeyer sont certainement les auteurs les plus importants à publier sur l’analyse de la musique de film depuis les années quatre-vingt-dix aux Etats-Unis. Entre autres contributions, ils ont édité ensemble (avec Caryl Flinn Music and Cinema, un livre consacré aux différentes perspectives de l’étude de la musique de film. Tous les deux sont professeurs de théorie musicale à l’école de musique de l’université du Texas à Austin (Neumeyer étant aussi professeur à Leslie Wa...

Carlos Henrique Silveira

2012-05-01

182

David Farber, The Rise and Fall of Modern American Conservatism: A Short History.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the wake of the recent mid-term elections, this book makes interesting reading. David Farber's overall argument here, as emphasised by the title, is that conservatism as a recognisable political movement, ranging from Robert Taft in the 1930s through to George W. Bush in the 2000s, has entered a period of decline. This could be a strong dose of (academic, liberal wishful thinking, or, possibly, the author is on to something, but the American voter hasn’t realised it yet.The crucial point ...

Giles Scott-Smith

2010-11-01

183

Urban common space, heterotopia and the right to the city: reflections on the ideas of Henri Lefebvre and David Harvey / Espaço urbano comum, heterotopia e o direito à cidade: reflexões a partir do pensamento de Henri Lefebvre e David Harvey  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os espaços urbanos comuns da cidade são apropriados pelo capital visando garantir as condições necessárias para a produção-reprodução das relações capitalistas. Nesse contexto, o desafio seria imaginar e construir um tipo totalmente diferente de cidade capaz de romper com a dinâmica do capital, fund [...] ado em novas formas de apropriação da cidade, o que implica em articular teoria e práxis. Mas para isso ocorrer torna-se necessário criar um novo conhecimento sobre o urbano e um forte movimento social anticapitalista focado na transformação do cotidiano da vida urbana como seu objetivo, o que envolve novas formas de apropriação dos espaços urbanos comuns. É nesse contexto e desde uma perspectiva dialética que o presente ensaio busca articular as formulações de Henri Lefebvre e de David Harvey, buscando contribuir para a compreensão dos processos de produção do espaço no capitalismo contemporâneo, a discussão sobre o futuro das cidades e as perspectivas de transição. Para tanto, o ensaio aborda quatro ideias centrais: (i) uma concepção dialética de espaço para problematizar a produção e a apropriação dos espaços urbanos comuns da cidade; (ii) o reconhecimento dos espaços urbanos comuns das cidades como espaços atravessados por contradições, disputas e conflitos materiais e simbólicos entre diferentes agentes; (iii) o direito à cidade como uma necessidade e como um projeto utópico; e (iv) o desafio da articulação das práticas heterotópicas na perspectiva da rebeldia criativa pelo direito à cidade e da transição para novos futuros urbanos. Abstract in english A city's common spaces are appropriated by capital that aims to guarantee the conditions necessary for the production-reproduction of capitalist relations. In this context, the challenge is to imagine and construct a very different type of city capable of breaking away from the dynamic of capital, f [...] ounded on new forms of appropriation of the city, which implies articulating both theory and praxis. For this to occur, however, it is necessary to create new knowledge about the city and a strong anti-capitalist social movement focused on the transformation of daily urban life and involving new forms of appropriation of urban common spaces. It is in this context, and from a dialectic perspective, that this article articulates the ideas of Henri Lefebvre and David Harvey, seeking to contribute to an understanding of the production processes of space in contemporary capitalism, the discussion of the future of cities and perspectives on transition. To do so, the article addresses four central ideas: (i) the dialectic conception of space to problematize the production and appropriation of urban common spaces; (ii) the recognition of urban common spaces as spaces traversed by contradictions, disputes and material and symbolic conflicts among different agents; (iii) the right to the city as a need and as a utopian project; and (iv) the challenge of articulating heterotopic practices from the perspective of creative rebellion for the right to the city and the transition to a new urban future.

Orlando Alves dos, Santos Junior.

184

Corpses of Metaphor. Images of Death in David Leavitt and Jamaica Kincaid  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This essay analyzes two works, My Brother by Jamaica Kincaid, and "Saturn Street" by David Leavitt, investigating the construction of homosexuality as a process accomplished by resorting to illness (AIDS and death. In both works, indeed, the slow and dramatic course of AIDS amounts to the progressive unveiling of homosexuality as a social threat or a cause of anxiety and repulsion. The two works are set in different contexts: whereas Jamaica Kincaid refers to the problematic situation of homosexuality in the Caribbean, David Leavitt explores the social and cultural scenario of the 1990s Los Angeles, in the wake of a by now ended utopian confidence in science and technology.  This comparative approach helps us understand the political dynamics through which, in different and, to some extents, opposite realities, the social stigma of AIDS worked as a means to construct homosexual identity and set it apart from the sanitized spectrum of normal and sanctioned sexual behaviors. The point I want to make in this essay is that the corpse is used as an effective metaphor for a dehumanized depiction of male homosexual and ill subjects.  

Fiorenzo Iuliano

2010-11-01

185

Effect of total dissolved gas supersaturated water on early life of David's schizothoracin (Schizothorax davidi).  

Science.gov (United States)

The effect of total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation on fish living downstream of dams is one of the main ecological risks of high dam construction. A strategy for mitigating the negative effects is needed urgently since many high dams are under construction in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River in China. Experiments on the hatching process of David's schizothoracin were carried out and the results show that the hatching rate decreased with increasing TDG levels, and that most eggs hatched within a very short time in the higher TDG saturation groups. By using a stereomicroscope, damages to the head, yolk sac, body, anus, etc. were found in larvae which hatched in TDG supersaturated water. Results show that the lesion rate increased with increasing TDG levels. Furthermore, 7-d-old David's schizothoracin were exposed to TDG supersaturated water levels of 100%, 105%, 110%, 115%, 120%, 125%, 130%, 135%, and 140% for testing their tolerance to TDG supersaturation. We found that the median lethal concentrations (LC50) for 13, 14, 20, 35, 52, 73, and 96 h exposure were 138%, 138%, 134%, 130%, 129%, 128%, and 126%, respectively. The median lethal times (LT50) were 7.49, 11.04, 19.25, and 35.38 h for exposure to water with TDG levels of 145%, 140%, 135%, and 130%, respectively. PMID:23825149

Liang, Rui-Feng; Li, Bo; Li, Ke-Feng; Tuo, You-Cai

2013-07-01

186

Bosquejos de niñez y proyectos de vida en la novela de Dickens “David Copperfield”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La interpretación de la novela de Charles Dickens David Copperfield se propone destacar las formas en que la literatura somete a debate bosquejos de subjetividad e interacción. El interés central es la asignación cultural de atributos individuales que derivan de esquemas predeterminados sobre valores personales y de formas de vida. A la construcción social del prejuicio se le brinda especial atención. El hilo del análisis lo lleva la interacción entre la figuras narrativas de David Copperfield y Urias Heep, pues conforman antípodas reflejo de antagonismos sociales. La configuración de contrastes entre las características de los personajes –los proyectos que encarnan y sus destinos– ofrece un campo para el estudio de las orientaciones para la acción en la vida cotidiana. Tal configuración prevé ordenamientos de la experiencia. Se hace énfasis en los elementos fundadores de una jerarquía de estilos y mundos de vida, que a su vez muestran cómo diferentes niveles simbólicos están comprometidos en la asignación de roles sociales y sus significados para un colectivo.

Jorge Sanabria-León

2003-01-01

187

W???????? ??? : A propos du roman inédit de David Vogel en yiddish “W ??? ???????” : About David Vogel’s unpublished novel in Yiddish ??????? ??? W : ????? ??? ???????? ????–??????????????? ??????? ???????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available At the beginning of the 1940s, Hebrew writer David Vogel (1891-1944 started to write a Yiddish novel for the first time. As an Austrian citizen living in France, he had been held in a camp for suspicious foreigners. His narrative, inspired by this experience, remained untitled after he was captured and sent to death by the Gestapo at the beginning of 1944. Its original version has never been published.This article gives an overview of critical approaches to this text that have been published up to now. It proposes an analysis based on Merleau-Ponty’s linguistic thought and on the principles of literary genetics. The manuscript, with its deletions and additions, is approached in the light of all the languages in which the author could have written in and that leave their mark on the narrative. The author of this article argues that the poetics of foreign language is more central than the question of Vogel’s linguistic identity. His writing in Yiddish thus poses the problem of the status of this language in a world where things are no longer called what they were.??????? 40?? ????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????? (1891 - 1944 ??? ????? ???? ????????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????. ??? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ???????????, ??? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????????. ??? ???????, ????? ??????????? ??? ??? ????? ???????????, ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????? 1944, ???? ?? ??? ?????????????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ????????????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????.??? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???–??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????, ??? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????–???????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ??????. ??? ?????–?? ????? ?????????, ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????, ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??, ????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????–??????. ?? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???? ??? ????????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????????? ??????????. ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??????–?????? ??? ?? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????, ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????.

Lilach Nethanel

2011-12-01

188

De David Belasco à Giacomo Puccini : La Fanciulla del West, premier opéra « américain » From David Belasco to Giacomo Puccini:La Fanciulla del West, first “American” opera  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La Fanciulla del West is a “horse opera” resulting from the second collaboration between David Belasco and Giacomo Puccini. This work, specially composed for the American stage, which had its world premiere at New York’s Metropolitan Opera in December 1910, paved the way for American composers who increasingly focused on American History in their quest for a “national” opera. For the first time, Puccini resorted to genuine Indian music, a Zuni melody, which he re-elaborated for dramatic purposes and associated with the nostalgic mood of uprooted people, the miners who left their home country for America. The Other – the native American viewed from the vantage point of the white, as well as the foreigner – no longer represented a threat, as had been the case in the operatic repertoire before, but became part and parcel of a multicultural society, like the Italian immigrant to whom Puccini also paid tribute. The Zuni melody, which opens and closes the opera, contributes to giving a genuine twist to a score which is the first one to tackle the foundations of the American nation.

Walter Zidaric

2009-10-01

189

Going around the Circle Again: Exploring Kolb's Theory of Growth and Development.  

Science.gov (United States)

Thirty years after their development, David A. Kolb's Cycle of Learning and Learning Style Inventory are widely used to understand the stages of learning and the ways people prefer to receive and process new information. The model and the self-assessment are both based on Kolb's experiential learning theory, which emphasizes the need for learner…

Johns, Krista R.

190

The logic of logistics: theory, algorithms and applications for logistics management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Nesse texto o autor apresenta uma resenha acerca do livro "The logic of logistics: theory, algorithms and applications for logistics management", de autoria de Julien Bramel e David Simchi-Levi, publicado pela Springer-Verlag, em 1997.

Claudio Barbieri da Cunha

2010-04-01

191

Waltz's Theory of Theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Kenneth N. Waltz's 1979 book, Theory of International Politics, is the most influential in the history of the discipline. It worked its effects to a large extent through raising the bar for what counted as theoretical work, in effect reshaping not only realism but rivals like liberalism and reflectivism. Yet, ironically, there has been little attention to Waltz's very explicit and original arguments about the nature of theory. This article explores and explicates Waltz's theory of theory. Central attention is paid to his definition of theory as â??a picture, mentally formed' and to the radical anti-empiricism and anti-positivism of his position. Followers and critics alike have treated Waltzian neorealism as if it was at bottom a formal proposition about cause-effect relations. The extreme case of Waltz being so victorious in the discipline, and yet being consistently mis-interpreted on the question of theory, shows the power of a dominant philosophy of science in US IR, and thus the challenge facing any ambitious theorising. The article suggests a possible movement of fronts away from the â??fourth debate' between rationalism and reflectivism towards one of theory against empiricism. To help this new agenda, the article introduces a key literature from philosophy of science about the structure of theory, and particularly about the way even natural science uses theory very differently from what IRs mainstream thinks - and much more like the way Waltz wants his theory used.

Wæver, Ole

2009-01-01

192

Computability theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Why do we need a formalization of the notion of algorithm or effective computation? In order to show that a specific problem is algorithmically solvable, it is sufficient to provide an algorithm that solves it in a sufficiently precise manner. However, in order to prove that a problem is in principle not solvable by an algorithm, a rigorous formalism is necessary that allows mathematical proofs. The need for such a formalism became apparent in the studies of David Hilbert (1900) on the founda...

2012-01-01

193

Poor Little Ritz Boy David "does" Hawaii or: lucky Davy salutes lucky Lindy.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, David Bittner explodes the myth, restated in Brideshead Revisited (1945), that Polynesians are "happy and harmless." He does so for the same reason that Evelyn Waugh does: "the grim invasion of trader, administrator, missionary, and tourist" has changed all that (p. 174). Touring Hawaii in July of '09, Bittner was interested to discover some unusual bits of American heritage, but saddened to see how "civilization" and "Americanization" actually seem to have eroded the Hawaiian people's rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Bittner's dual religious heritage-Judaism by birth and upbringing and Catholicism by choice in mid-life-has given him the perspective to apply the lessons of Hawaiian history to his own personal issues, particularly forgiveness. PMID:20803074

Bittner, David

2010-12-01

194

Animals and nature: mapping storylines and metaphors in David Kramer’s narratives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the representation of animals and nature in selected lyrics from the oeuvre of singer, songwriter and producer David Kramer and considers his engagement with historical and contemporary discourses about human-animal and human-nature interaction in relation to ecological awareness within a South African context. I trace the socio-political commentary voiced through his depiction of animals in the folksongs he wrote during apartheid, especially in lyrics from the album “Baboondogs” (Kramer, 1986. Kramer also employs intertextual references to traditional South African folksongs and tales in his music. Furthermore, the social and environmental significance of Kramer’s representations of nature in a selection of his postapartheid lyrics is investigated. I argue that the pedagogical value of Kramer’s cultural commentary can contribute significantly to the challenge of teaching animal studies and ecocriticism in South African context.

M. Slabbert

2011-06-01

195

Should all patients receive dual chamber pacing ICDs? The rationale for the DAVID trial  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract All of the prospective multicenter trials that support the use of implantable defibrillators have used single chamber pacemakers/implantable cardiovertor defibrillators (ICDs. Despite the significantly increased cost of dual chamber pacemaker/ICD devices and the lack of outcome data, these devices accounted for approximately two-thirds of the ICDs implanted in the United States during the 12 months ending April 2001. Dual chamber pacemaker trials have not provided data that would support this trend, but the high incidence of atrial fibrillation, bradycardia, and congestive heart failure, as comorbid conditions, suggest that the situation could be different in the defibrillator patient population. The DAVID (Dual Chamber and VVI Implantable Defibrillator trial is designed to measure the incremental benefit of dual chamber pacemaker/ICDs.

Wilkoff Bruce L

2001-09-01

196

Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee: Volume 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This remedial investigation (RI)/feasibility study (FS) supports the selection of remedial actions for the David Witherspoon, Inc. 901 Maryville Pike Site in Knoxville, Tennessee. Operations at the site, used as a recycling center, have resulted in past, present, and potential future releases of hazardous substances in to the environment. This Site is a Tennessee Superfund site. A phased approach was planned to (1) gather existing data from previous investigations managed by the Tenn. Dept. of Environment and Conservation; (2) perform a preliminary RI, including risk assessments, and an FS with existing data to identify areas where remedial action may be necessary; (3) gather additional field data to adequately define the nature and extent of risk-based contaminants that present identifiable threats to human and/or ecological receptors; and (4) develop remedial action alternatives to reduce risks to acceptable levels

1996-01-01

197

The Nearby Stars (NStars) Program at Appalachian State University, Vatican Observatory, and David Dunlap Observatory  

Science.gov (United States)

The NStars program at Appalachian State University, the Vatican Observatory, and the David Dunlap Observatory is in the final year of a project to obtain spectra, spectral types and basic physical parameters for all 3600 dwarf and giant stars earlier than M0 within 40 parsecs of the sun. This project is being carried out under the Nearby Stars (NStars)/Space Interferometry Mission Preparatory Science program. This poster will illustrate the preliminary results for the program stars, including precise, homogeneous spectral types, basic physical parameters, such as the effective temperature, surface gravity and metallicity ([M/H]), and a measure of the chromospheric activity. Interelationships between these data products (such as effective temperature calibrations of MK spectral types and Johnson and Stromgren photometry, and the metallicity distribution of the nearby stars with planets) will be illustrated. The project website, which allows access to all these data will be demonstrated at the poster.

Gray, R. O.; Corbally, C. J.; Garrison, R. F.; McFadden, M. T.; Kluttz, K. A.; Robinson, P. E.; O'Donoghue, A. A.

2002-12-01

198

David Lewis’s Neglected Challenge: It’s Me or God  

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Full Text Available I begin by sketching a dialectic typical of modern discussions of the ontological argument and explain the underlying modal principles. I will not pursue this well-worn dialectic. Instead I will explicate David Lewis’s valid reconstruction (in first order predicate logic of St Anselm’s argument in Proslogion-II. Lewis’s objections to this argument are based on his idiosyncratic views about modality. Implicitly, Lewis presents a challenge: either I am right about modality, or there is a sound version of the ontological argument. More specifically, Lewis claims there is no good reason to supposethere is anything special about the actual world. I suggest there is good reason to think that must be incorrect. Thus we are left with a formal version of the ontological argument for God’s existence that for all we have seen here looks eminently viable.

Andrew Stephenson

2010-01-01

199

As much as David Cameron has been pushed by his backbenchers on Europe, his instincts as a politician have prevailed  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

After yesterday’s long awaited speech by David Cameron on the future of the UK in Europe, Simon Usherwood offers an analysis of its implications. He suggests that the Prime Minister’s speech will intensify, rather than placate, demands from the right-flank of the party.

Usherwood, Simon

2013-01-01

200

Religious Literacy or Spiritual Awareness? Comparative Critique of Andrew Wright's and David Hay's Approaches to Spiritual Education  

Science.gov (United States)

On the basis of a comparison of the educational approaches of Andrew Wright and David Hay this paper illustrates the persisting problem of dichotomising cognitive and trans-cognitive aspects of spiritual development and education. Even though both Wright and Hay speak of the same topic--spirituality and spiritual education--they define these terms…

Filipsone, Anta

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

"And This Is How You Shall Ask": Linguistics, Anthropology, and Education in the Work of David Smith  

Science.gov (United States)

This article celebrates the life and work of David M. Smith, former Council on Anthropology and Education president and founder of the University of Pennsylvania Ethnography in Education Research Forum, tracing his contributions to the fields of linguistics, anthropology, and education through the dual lens of his ten research principles and Walt…

Gilmore, Perry; McDermott, Ray

2006-01-01

202

Investigación acerca de los ideales en el vínculo de pareja empleando el método algoritmo David Liberman en el cuento "La prometida del tigre" / Research on the ideals in couple links, applying the David Liberman algorithm to the tale "The tiger's bride"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito del presente trabajo es analizar los ideales que subyacen al vínculo de pareja transmitidos en el cuento "La prometida del tigre". Comenzamos con una introducción en la que planteamos la importancia del cuento como dispositivo de la sociedad y definimos los términos: ideal, valor, subje [...] tividad y cultura a fin de articularlos en relación con el texto seleccionado. En la segunda parte nos referimos al contexto literario del cuento "La prometida del tigre", desarrollamos el origen de su precursor, que es el cuento "La bella y la bestia", y nombramos algunas versiones del mismo. Inmediatamente presentamos el argumento de la narración elegida. A continuación, en el punto tres, describimos el método utilizado para este análisis, que es el Algoritmo David Liberman (ADL), un método diseñado para el análisis del discurso, basado en la teoría freudiana, que permite detectar pulsiones y defensas. Para este trabajo el método fue aplicado en el nivel de análisis del relato. Las características de la muestra sobre la que trabajamos son observadas en el punto cuatro. Recién a partir del punto cinco desplegamos el desarrollo propiamente dicho, que consiste en la presentación de las grillas correspondientes a las secuencias de relatos de las escenas desplegadas y la descripción cuantitativa y el análisis cualitativo que deriva de las mismas. Por último, en la conclusión indicamos lo novedoso del planteo de Angela Carter en relación con los ideales y valores que configuran la pareja. Abstract in english The purpose of the present work is to analyze the ideals underlying couple links, according to the expression in the tale "The tiger's bride". The method applied for this analysis is the David Liberman algorithm (DLA), a method devised for discourse analysis, based on Freudian theory, which is inten [...] ded to detect drives and defenses. For the present analysis the method was applied on the level of narratives.

Ada, Cerioni.

203

Communications Theory/Gender/Identity Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

David Gauntlett, a Lecturer in Social Communications at the Institute of Communications Studies, University of Leeds, has compiled a unique collection of resources to complement the study of communications theory. This sleek compendium introduces the important ideas associated with the socio-cultural concept of identity; explores the position of role models within popular culture; and outlines the principles of gender studies, feminism, and queer theory. In addition, the site profiles the work of four important thinkers in communications theory: Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, Theodor Adorno, and Antonio Gramsci. Each profile also includes a select bibliography and links to relevant sites. As a supplement to the information available at the site, Dr. Gauntlett provides a brief annotated bibliography of recently published books on topics related to media and identity.

204

Review: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Hrsg. (2004. Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Das Buch Rethinking Social Inquiry, herausgegeben von Henry E. BRADY und David COLLIER, ist eine Antwort auf den Band von KING, KEOHANE und VERBA (1994, in dem versucht wird, Standards der quantitativen Forschung in der qualitativen Forschung einzuführen. Die Autoren des hier rezensierten Buchs kritisieren viele der Vorschläge, da sie argumentieren, dass qualitative Forschung anderer Werkzeuge bedürfe. Trotzdem stimmen sie zu, dass die Grundlagen des Forschungsaufbaus ähnlich sind. Das Buch beinhaltet eine umfassende Kritik der Hauptströmung quantitativer Methoden, es beschreibt einen Satz qualitativer Werkzeuge für die Forschung zu Themen wie Forschungsaufbau und -fragestellung, Fallauswahl, Analyse und Theoriebildung. Es behandelt die Frage, wie qualitative und quantitative Ansätze so miteinander verknüpft werden können, dass die analytische "Hebelwirkung" am größten wird – nämlich durch die Definition gemeinsamer Standards. Diese würden es vereinfachen, qualitative und quantitative Werkzeuge in ein und derselben Forschungsarbeit zu verbinden, etwa durch Triangulation, also die Analyse von Daten mit z.B. zwei unterschiedlichen Methoden oder durch Mehrebenen-Analyse. Das Buch ist ein exzellenter Beitrag zur methodologischen Debatte in den Sozialwissenschaften. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602309

Matthias Catón

2006-03-01

205

Patria ed Affetti : Jewish identity and risorgimento nationalism in the oeuvres of Samuel Luzzatto, Isaac Reggio, and David Levi  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Joodse identiteit en Risorgimento-nationalisme in de oeuvres van Samuel Luzzatto, Isaac Reggio en David Levi Alessandro Grazi deed onderzoek naar de houding van Joden tegenover de moderniteit in het negentiende-eeuwse Italië en de vraag in welke mate hun reacties het resultaat waren van geografisch, sociaal en politiek verschillende leefomstandigheden. Twee sterk uiteenlopende tendensen komen naar voren met betrekking tot de Joodse identiteit en de verhouding tussen Jodendom en modernite...

Grazi, Alessandro

2012-01-01

206

Meet the Authors of "Social Context View of Sociology" by Marty Zusman, David Knox and Tracie Gardner:  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Social Context View of Sociology by Marty E. Zusman, David Knox, and Tracie Gardner (2009 is an introductory sociology textbook published by Carolina University Press (ISBN 978-1-59460-572-7. The purpose of writing The Social Context View of Sociology was to provide a unique perspective of the social world. More importantly, to avoid what we consider the sometimes confusing introduction of the discipline (by standard textbooks into diverse frameworks, we presented a basic typology.

Marty E. Zusman

2008-01-01

207

STS-57 MS and PLC G. David Low examines CGBA pack in OV-105's SPACEHAB module  

Science.gov (United States)

STS-57 Mission Specialist (MS) and Payload Commander (PLC) G. David Low examines Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus (CGBA) group activation pack (GAP) incubator while in front of the SPACEHAB-01 (Commercial Middeck Augmentation Module (CMAM)) aft lockers. Low has temporarily removed the GAP from its locker location. Crewmembers are conducting a variety of experiments inside SPACEHAB-01 module which is positioned in the payload bay (PLB) of the Earth-orbiting Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105.

1993-01-01

208

Z Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present the evidence for the existence of the topological string analogue of M-theory, which we call Z-theory. The corners of Z-theory moduli space correspond to the Donaldson-Thomas theory, Kodaira-Spencer theory, Gromov-Witten theory, and Donaldson-Witten theory. We discuss the relations of Z-theory with Hitchin's gravities in six and seven dimensions, and make our own proposal, involving spinor generalization of Chern-Simons theory of three-forms. Based on the talk at ...

Nekrasov, Nikita

2004-01-01

209

Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory  

CERN Document Server

In Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory, David B. Malament presents the basic logical-mathematical structure of general relativity and considers a number of special topics concerning the foundations of general relativity and its relation to Newtonian gravitation theory. These special topics include the geometrized formulation of Newtonian theory (also known as Newton-Cartan theory), the concept of rotation in general relativity, and Gödel spacetime. One of the highlights of the book is a no-go theorem that can be understood to show that there is

Malament, David B

2012-01-01

210

Le retour de l’événement : la mort dans Jardin, cendre de Danilo Kiš et Tsing de David Albahari  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available L’article traite de la mort du père comme événement fondateur dans deux romans serbes, Jardin, cendre (1965 de Danilo Kiš, et Tsing (1988 de David Albahari. L’événement de la mort ne peut pas être représenté dans la narration, néanmoins sa présence se manifeste dans la manière de laquelle il influence la structure du récit, surtout en créant des événements secondaires sous forme de retour en tant que différence.The paper focuses on the death of the father as the major event in two Serbian novels, Garden,ashes (1965, written by Danilo Kiš, and David Albahari’s Tsing (1988. Although the event of death cannot be incorporated in the narrative, it nonetheless remains present and reflects itself in its structure, mainly by creating a twist of secondary events.El artículo trata de la muerte del padre como acontecimiento fundador en dos novelas serbias, Jardín, ceniza (1965 de Kis Danilo, y Ching (1988 de David Albahari. El acontecimiento de la muerte no puede ser representado en la narración, sin embargo, su presencia se manifiesta en el modo como influye en la estructura de la narración, especialmente mediante la creación de acontecimientos secundarios que remiten al pasado en tanto que diferencia.

Nadja Djuric

2010-07-01

211

Interview to David Thompson NASA astrophysicist, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery.  

CERN Multimedia

Interview to David Thompson NASA astrophysicist, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery, focussing on the gamma ray sky and the Fermi space telescope.

CERN Visual Media Office

2012-01-01

212

Interim Letter Report - Verification Survey of Partial Grids H19, J21, J22, X20, and X21 at the David Witherspoon, Inc. 1630 Site, Knoxville Tennessee  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Conduct verification surveys of available grids at the David Witherspoon Incorporated 1630 Site (DWI 1630) in Knoxville, Tennessee. The IVT conducted verification activities of partial grids H19, J21, J22, X20, and X21.

2008-01-01

213

Reviewsin brief: Media, modernity and technology: the geography of the new. By David Morley. New York: Routledge. 2007. x + 346 pp. £18.99 paper. ISBN 0415333423  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

400Reviewsin briefMedia,modernity and technology: the geography of the new. By David Morley. NewYork: Routledge. 2007. x + 346 pp. £18.99 paper. ISBN 0415333423SAGE Publications, Inc.2008DOI: 10.1177/14744740080150030707BrettChristophersSchool of Geography and Environmental Science Universityof AucklandAnew book by David Morley (over half the chapters in Media, modernity and technologycom- prise original material) should always bear serious consideration fromcultural geographers. Not only ha...

2008-01-01

214

Ring Theory  

CERN Document Server

The papers in this proceedings volume are selected research papers in different areas of ring theory, including graded rings, differential operator rings, K-theory of noetherian rings, torsion theory, regular rings, cohomology of algebras, local cohomology of noncommutative rings. The book will be important for mathematicians active in research in ring theory.

Jara, Pascual; Torrecillas, Blas

1988-01-01

215

Análisis argumentativo de dos sujetos miembros de una asamblea de ambientalistas bajo el método del Algoritmo David Liberman (ADL) en su modalidad de actos del habla / Argumentative analysis of two individuals, members of an environmentalist assembly, with the David Liberman Algorithm (DLA), on the speech acts level  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Tras de hacer una presentación acerca de los distintos modos de entender el poder y las características propias de este lenguaje a diferencia de otros, se pondera la teoría de las erogeneidades como marco teórico interpretativo de este trabajo. Posteriormente se presenta el proyecto de investigación [...] en curso y los alcances de esta primera fase. Se analiza desde los actos del habla bajo el Algoritmo David Liberman (ADL) el discurso de dos sujetos que participan en una asamblea ambientalista. El objeto de analizar a dos actores de la misma asamblea permite contrastar la diferencia retórica que expresan en sus convocatorias. Según los resultados, el sujeto A utiliza preponderantemente el lenguaje del poder bajo el ideal vindicativo y justiciero apoyado en un lenguaje expositivo y ordenado evocando pasajes a modo de comprensión empática. Su convocatoria final es en contra de la autoridad del gobierno tenido como antagónico e invita a organizarse al interior bajo un orden natural, en donde no hay jerarquías sino igualdad total. Mientras que el sujeto B utiliza preponderantemente el lenguaje que implica el deber, el orden, en miras de un ideal ambicioso propone acceder al lugar de los rivales; ser gobierno. Finalmente se pondera la dimensión de estas argumentaciones, sus semejanzas y diferencias. A modo de conclusión se precisan los aportes de este estudio y su prospectiva. Abstract in english After making a presentation of the different ways in which power can be understood and of the characteristics of the language expressing it, the wish theory as theoretical framework of interpretation for this study is assessed. Secondly, the ongoing research project and scope of its first phase is p [...] resented. The discourse of two individuals participating in an environmentalist assembly is analyzed on the speech acts level with the David Liberman algorithm (DLA). The purpose of analyzing two actors in the same assembly allows to contrast the rhetoric expressed in their appeals. According to the results, person A's predominant use of the language of power manifests a vengeful and righteous ideal supported by language expressed in narrative, orderly fashion evoking empathic understanding. His final argument is an appeal against the government authority, considered antagonistic, and in favor of an organization based on natural regulation, implying total equality and no hierarchies. On the other hand, person B uses the language that predominantly implies duty and order, targeting an ambitious ideal with plans to access his rivals in order to govern. Finally, the article assesses the scope of these arguments, its similarities and differences. To conclude, the contributions of this study and foresight are precised.

Antonio, Sánchez Antillón.

216

DAVID-a translucent multi-wire transmission ionization chamber for in vivo verification of IMRT and conformal irradiation techniques  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Permanent in vivo verification of IMRT photon beam profiles by a radiation detector with spatial resolution, positioned on the radiation entrance side of the patient, has not been clinically available so far. In this work we present the DAVID system, which is able to perform this quality assurance measurement while the patient is treated. The DAVID system is a flat, multi-wire transmission-type ionization chamber, placed in the accessory holder of the linear accelerator and constructed from translucent materials in order not to interfere with the light field. Each detection wire of the chamber is positioned exactly in the projection line of a MLC leaf pair, and the signal of each wire is proportional to the line integral of the ionization density along this wire. Thereby, each measurement channel essentially presents the line integral of the ionization density over the opening width of the associated leaf pair. The sum of all wire signals is a measure of the dose-area product of the transmitted photon beam and of the total radiant energy administered to the patient. After the dosimetric verification of an IMRT plan, the values measured by the DAVID system are stored as reference values. During daily treatment the signals are re-measured and compared to the reference values. A warning is output if there is a deviation beyond a threshold. The error detection capability is a leaf position error of less than 1 mm for an isocentric 1 cm x 1 cm field, and of 1 mm for an isocentric 20 cm x 20 cm field

2006-03-07

217

The Discovery of Anti-Matter The Autobiography of Carl David Anderson, the Youngest Man to Win the Nobel Prize  

CERN Document Server

In 1936, at age 31, Carl David Anderson became the second youngest Nobel laureate for his discovery of antimatter when he observed positrons in a cloud chamber.He is responsible for developing rocket power weapons that were used in World War II.He was born in New York City in 1905 and was educated in Los Angeles. He served for many years as a physics professor at California Institute of Technology. Prior to Oppenheimer, Anderson was offered the job of heading the Los Alamos atomic bomb program but could not assume the role because of family obligations.He was a pioneer in studying cosmic rays

1999-01-01

218

Celestial Phenomena and Royal Glory: The Painted Ceiling in Ehrenstrahlsalongen by David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl at Drottningholm Palace in Sweden  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores the relationship of astronomical phenomena and the painted ceiling The Glorious Deeds of Swedish Kings executed around 1694-1696 by the Swedish court painter David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl in the Royal manor Drottningholm, outside Stockholm. The central theme of the painting is how "Reputation" brings the renown of the valour of the Swedish kings to the stars. When Galileo dedicated the moons of Jupiter to the Medici's he used an already established tradition of likening prominent people to celestial phenomena. This paper explores why motifs related to the stars and heavens was considered to be so suitable in the court context in early modern Europe.

Söderlund, I. E.

2011-06-01

219

Supergravity theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Of all supergravity theories, the maximal, i.e., N = 8 in 4-dimension or N = 1 in 11-dimension, theory should perform the unification since it owns the highest degree of symmetry. As to the N = 1 in d = 11 theory, it has been investigated how to compactify to the d = 4 theories. From the phenomenological point of view, local SUSY GUTs, i.e., N = 1 SUSY GUTs with soft breaking terms, have been studied from various angles. The structures of extended supergravity theories are less understood than those of N = 1 supergravity theories, and matter couplings in N = 2 extended supergravity theories are under investigation. The harmonic superspace was recently proposed which may be useful to investigate the quantum effects of extended supersymmetry and supergravity theories. As to the so-called Kaluza-Klein supergravity, there is another possibility. (Mori, K.)

1985-08-01

220

Geometrical properties of conformal field theories coupled to two-dimensional quantum gravity  

CERN Document Server

In this work we discuss an approach due to F. David to the geometry of world sheets of non-critical strings in quasiclassical approximation. The gravitational dressed conformal dimension is related to the scaling behavior of the two-point function with respect to a distance variable. We show how this approach reproduces the standard gravitational dressing in the next order of perturbation theory. With the same technique we calculate the intrinsic Hausdorff dimension of a world sheet.

Braune, S

1994-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

A solution of David Gale?s lion and man problem.  

Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

. Ro?. 259, 1-2 (2001), s. 663-670. ISSN 0304-3975Grant CEP: GA AV ?R IAA1019901; GA ?R GA201/97/P038Klí?ová slova: combinatorial game theoryKód oboru RIV: BA - Obecná matematikaImpakt faktor: 0.468, rok: 2001

Sgall, Ji?í

222

Constructor Theory  

CERN Document Server

Constructor theory is the theory of which physical transformations can be caused to happen and which cannot, and why. Several converging motivations for expecting it to be a fundamental branch of physics are discussed. Some principles of the theory are proposed and its potential for solving various problems and achieving various unifications is explored.

Deutsch, David

2012-01-01

223

The moral status of the embryo: an attempt at an analysis with the aid of David Hume's ethics.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article applies the moral sentimentalism founded by David Hume to the moral status of the embryo. It will attempt to explain the paradoxical fact that in Germany abortion is common and socially accepted while preimplantation genetic diagnosis is banned with the aid of an approach based on moral sentimentalism. David Hume established the thesis that the human being is guided by the emotions and not by reason when making moral decisions. Scientific innovations often create a feeling of anxiety. Consequently, the initial moral judgment about it is negative. Due to this habit, the innovation is often accepted after a phase of indifference. This phenomenon has been observed in the case of heart transplantation, as well as for IVF. Consequently, the apparent contradiction in the varying degrees of the embryo's worthiness of protection in the womb and in the Petri dish is due to the simple fact that these are different stages of habituation. Therefore, the ethics of Hume cannot stipulate the embryo's moral status for once and for all; however, they can paradoxically raise the ongoing current debate to a more rational level through the insight that the underlying moral concepts are not based on reason alone. PMID:21050821

Engel, J B; Hönig, A; Segerer, S; Häusler, S F M; Dietl, J; Djakovic, A

2010-12-01

224

Enhanced accuracy of the permanent surveillance of IMRT deliveries by iterative deconvolution of DAVID chamber signal profiles  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In vivo dosimetry systems, capable of permanently monitoring IMRT treatment deliveries throughout all fractions, are increasingly used in clinical practice. The first of these solutions is the DAVID system, a translucent multiwire ionization chamber placed in the accessory holder of the treatment head below the MLC. Each wire is exactly adjusted along the midline of its associated leaf pair, thereby generating a signal correlated with the aperture of this leaf pair. However, there is some blurring of the profile of the wire signals across the beam due to the lateral transport of scattered secondary electrons in the air gap of the DAVID chamber. This paper deals with a numerical correction by which this effect is eliminated. The true photon fluence profile is calculated from the measured signal profile by an iterative deconvolution algorithm, based upon the convolution kernel formed by the lateral wire signal profile when only one leaf pair is opened. Lateral fluence profiles are thereby obtained with increased resolution, and errors in MLC positioning are revealed with enhanced sensitivity. The needed computational time of less than 1 s has made it feasible to implement the deconvolution algorithm into the daily routine for the accurate surveillance of IMRT deliveries.

2010-07-21

225

Thinking outside the Chinese Box: David Mitchell and Murakami Haruki’s subversion of stereotypes about Japan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Japan has often been portrayed by orientalist stereotypes, as famously framed by Edward Said, that were mainly constituted within Europe and North America. There are two distinct streams of orientalist discourse around Japan: traditional Orientalism and techno-Orientalism. Here the West speaks of the Other/the non-West rather than allowing it to speak for itself. In regards to the discourse of ‘Otherness’, another interesting phenomenon is Japan’s self-Orientalising: through the internalisation of the Western Orientalist discourse, Japan identifies itself and constructs its own subjectivity.In his literary works, the author David Mitchell attempts to subvert the conventional orientalist approach to describe Japan while concurrently maintaining his position as a British observer. He makes use of Western perspectives to cater to his Western readers’ preference for Japan’s traditional and cultural elements, and yet at the same time attempts to subvert stereotypes. Mitchell’s approach is reminiscent of Japanese author Murakami Haruki’s use of both ‘Japaneseness’ and ‘un-Japaneseness’ in his works. Mitchell also learnt the importance of the use of the subjective narrative voice from Murakami. In this article, I examine how David Mitchell, as a western author, attempts to go beyond orientalist stereotypes, and how his writing is influenced by Murakami Haruki.

Chikako Nihei

2009-12-01

226

Ring theory  

CERN Document Server

This is an abridged edition of the author's previous two-volume work, Ring Theory, which concentrates on essential material for a general ring theory course while ommitting much of the material intended for ring theory specialists. It has been praised by reviewers:**""As a textbook for graduate students, Ring Theory joins the best....The experts will find several attractive and pleasant features in Ring Theory. The most noteworthy is the inclusion, usually in supplements and appendices, of many useful constructions which are hard to locate outside of the original sources....The audience of non

Rowen, Louis H

1991-01-01

227

Quantum theory a two-time success story  

CERN Document Server

Yakir Aharonov is one of the leading figures in the foundations of quantum physics. His contributions range from the celebrated Aharonov-Bohm effect (1959), to the more recent theory of weak measurements (whose experimental confirmations were recently ranked as the two most important results of physics in 2011). This volume will contain 27 original articles, contributed by the most important names in quantum physics, in honor of Aharonov's 80-th birthday.Sections include 'Quantum mechanics and reality,' with contributions from Nobel Laureates David Gross and Sir Anthony Leggett and Yakir Aharo

Struppa, Daniele C

2013-01-01

228

Finite hedging in field theory models of interest rates  

Science.gov (United States)

We use path integrals to calculate hedge parameters and efficacy of hedging in a quantum field theory generalization of the Heath, Jarrow, and Morton [Robert Jarrow, David Heath, and Andrew Morton, Econometrica 60, 77 (1992)] term structure model, which parsimoniously describes the evolution of imperfectly correlated forward rates. We calculate, within the model specification, the effectiveness of hedging over finite periods of time, and obtain the limiting case of instantaneous hedging. We use empirical estimates for the parameters of the model to show that a low-dimensional hedge portfolio is quite effective.

Baaquie, Belal E.; Srikant, Marakani

2004-03-01

229

Postmodernism or Neo-Realism: On Parody in David Lodge’s Campus Novel Small World  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Parody in Small World, working in both comic and meta-fictional ways, embodies the liberal humanist spirit of traditional realist novel and critical consciousness of the anti-humanist post-theories though it looks like a technique of postmodern novel superficially. Small World, as a work of neo-realism, marks a significant tendency in the development of postwar British novel, both inheriting the great realist tradition of British novel and absorbing s...

Ding, Zhao-guo

2010-01-01

230

MOND theory  

CERN Document Server

A general account of MOND theory is given. I start with the basic tenets of MOND, which posit departure from standard dynamics in the limit of low acceleration -- below an acceleration constant a0 -- where dynamics become scale invariant. I list some of the salient predictions of these tenets. The special role of a0 and its significance are then discussed. In particular, I stress its coincidence with cosmologically relevant accelerations. The deep-MOND limit and the consequences of its scale invariance are considered in some detail. General aspects of MOND theories are then described, after which I list briefly presently known theories, both nonrelativistic and relativistic. Most full-fledged theories modify the gravitational action, hinge on a0, introduce an interpolating function between the low and high accelerations, and obey MOND requirements in the opposite limits. These theories have much heuristic value as proofs of various concepts (e.g., that covariant MOND theories can be written with correct gravi...

Milgrom, Mordehai

2014-01-01

231

Bohmian Mechanics The Physics and Mathematics of Quantum Theory  

CERN Document Server

Bohmian Mechanics was formulated in 1952 by David Bohm as a complete theory of quantum phenomena based on a particle picture. It was promoted some decades later by John S. Bell, who, intrigued by the manifestly nonlocal structure of the theory, was led to his famous Bell's inequalities. Experimental tests of the inequalities verified that nature is indeed nonlocal. Bohmian mechanics has since then prospered as the straightforward completion of quantum mechanics. This book provides a systematic introduction to Bohmian mechanics and to the mathematical abstractions of quantum mechanics, which range from the self-adjointness of the Schrödinger operator to scattering theory. It explains how the quantum formalism emerges when Boltzmann's ideas about statistical mechanics are applied to Bohmian mechanics. The book is self-contained, mathematically rigorous and an ideal starting point for a fundamental approach to quantum mechanics. It will appeal to students and newcomers to the field, as well as to established sc...

Teufel, Stefan

2009-01-01

232

Superstring theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The current status of cosmological string theory is briefly surveyed. The principles of the standard model of quantum gravity are reviewed; proposed modifications of the model are discussed; and it is shown how the basic assumption of string theory, that particles are one-dimensional objects rather than dimensionless points, leads to requirements for gravity, supersymmetry, extra dimensions, gauge groups and matter multiplets, and an axion. The existence of a minimum distance in string theory is considered, along with the related possibility of a maximum scalar field value. It is also shown that string theory can provide both the technology and interpretation for experiments on topology change in quantum gravity. 27 refs

1988-12-11

233

Field theory  

CERN Multimedia

Intended for graduate courses or for independent study, this book presents the basic theory of fields. The first part begins with a discussion of polynomials over a ring, the division algorithm, irreducibility, field extensions, and embeddings. The second part is devoted to Galois theory. The third part of the book treats the theory of binomials. The book concludes with a chapter on families of binomials - the Kummer theory. This new edition has been completely rewritten in order to improve the pedagogy and to make the text more accessible to graduate students.  The exercises have also been im

Roman, Steven

2006-01-01

234

Last Words: David's Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Graces (1824. Subjectivity, Death, and Postrevolutionary Late Style  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Completed as he was approaching death in 1825, Jacques-Louis David's final refractory history painting is an intricate summation of a life in politics and painting. The article attempts to re-interpret the canvas in relation to the dual problem of 'late style' and the condition of exile. I argue that this history painting invokes the metaphor of non-sex for the condition of exile; and as a late gesture stages an anomalous return to a pre-lapsarian eighteenth century. The painting, I conclude, reveals less the transcendent subjectivity of an artist approaching biological death, than the critical disarming of a once-radical neoclassical aesthetic itself, in its tragic late phase.

Padiyar, Satish

2011-06-01

235

A Movie of the 1882 Transit of Venus Assembled from Plates Taken at Lick Observatory by David P. Todd  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a series of 141 photographic plates of the 1882 Transit of Venus, taken by David P. Todd at Lick Observatory. To our knowledge, the plates - which were recently rediscovered on Mount Hamilton - are by far the most complete photographic record of the transit. We also present the plates in the form of a high-resolution time-lapse movie, showing nearly all of the more than four hours of the transit visible from Mount Hamilton. The movie is notable for making visible an event that no living person has seen, but that has been lying dormant in the Lick archive for 120 years. The series also has a place of importance in the history of photography, and especially in the then-emerging art of chronophotography, the serial recording of a moving event.

Misch, A.; Sheehan, W.

2004-12-01

236

Review: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Hrsg. (2004. Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards Review: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Eds. (2004. Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards Reseña: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Eds. (2004. Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Das Buch Rethinking Social Inquiry, herausgegeben von Henry E. BRADY und David COLLIER, ist eine Antwort auf den Band von KING, KEOHANE und VERBA (1994, in dem versucht wird, Standards der quantitativen Forschung in der qualitativen Forschung einzuführen. Die Autoren des hier rezensierten Buchs kritisieren viele der Vorschläge, da sie argumentieren, dass qualitative Forschung anderer Werkzeuge bedürfe. Trotzdem stimmen sie zu, dass die Grundlagen des Forschungsaufbaus ähnlich sind. Das Buch beinhaltet eine umfassende Kritik der Hauptströmung quantitativer Methoden, es beschreibt einen Satz qualitativer Werkzeuge für die Forschung zu Themen wie Forschungsaufbau und -fragestellung, Fallauswahl, Analyse und Theoriebildung. Es behandelt die Frage, wie qualitative und quantitative Ansätze so miteinander verknüpft werden können, dass die analytische "Hebelwirkung" am größten wird – nämlich durch die Definition gemeinsamer Standards. Diese würden es vereinfachen, qualitative und quantitative Werkzeuge in ein und derselben Forschungsarbeit zu verbinden, etwa durch Triangulation, also die Analyse von Daten mit z.B. zwei unterschiedlichen Methoden oder durch Mehrebenen-Analyse. Das Buch ist ein exzellenter Beitrag zur methodologischen Debatte in den Sozialwissenschaften. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602309The book Rethinking Social Inquiry, edited by Henry E. BRADY and David COLLIER, is a response to a book by KING, KEOHANE and VERBA (1994 that aimed to introduce quantitative standards to qualitative research. The authors of the book reviewed here criticize many of the suggestions made there because they argue that qualitative research requires other tools. Nevertheless, they agree that the foundations of research design are similar. The book comprises a comprehensive critique of mainstream quantitative techniques, describes a set of qualitative tools for research, and addresses issues of how to combine qualitative and quantitative approaches to maximize analytical leverage. It is an excellent contribution to the methodological debate in the social sciences. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602309El libro Rethinking Social Inquiry, editado por Henry E. BRADY y David COLLIER, es una respuesta al libro de KING, KEOHANE y VERBA (1994 que pretendió introducir estándares cuantitativos a la investigación cualitativa. Los autores del libro ahora reseñado critican muchas de las sugerencias hechas allí pues argumentan que la investigación cualitativa requiere otras herramientas. A pesar de ello, los autores están de acuerdo que los fundamentos de la investigación son similares. El libro consta de una crítica comprensiva de las principales técnicas cuantitativas, describe un conjunto de herramientas cualitativas de investigación y aborda temas sobre cómo combinar enfoques cuantitativos y cualitativos para maximizar el poder analítico. Es una excelente contribución al debate metodológico en las ciencias sociales. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602309

Matthias Catón

2006-03-01

237

Militancia política y labor artística de David Alfaro Siqueiros: de Olvera Street a Río de la Plata  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El texto aborda una de las etapas más importantes en la vida del pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros, la que transcurrió mientras estuvo exiliado en las ciudades de Los Ángeles, Montevideo y Buenos Aires durante 1932 y 1934 en Nueva York en 1936 y por último a raíz de su participación en el atentado en co [...] ntra de León Trotsky en 1940, en la ciudad chilena de Chillán, de 1941 a 1943. La autora propone que este periodo no sólo selló de manera permanente la relación entre la carrera artística de Siqueiros y su actividad política, sino que les dio, en sus contenidos e impacto, un amplio carácter internacional y transcultural. Analiza los antecedentes de la labor artístico-política de Siqueiros y su repercusión en la fundación de bloques de militantes del Partido Comunista provenientes del ámbito artístico. Abstract in english The text examines one of the most important stages in the life of painter David Alfaro Siqueiros, which took place while he was exiled in Los Ángeles, Montevideo and Buenos Aires in 1932 and 1934 in New York in 1936 and finally, as a result of his role in the attempt on Leon Trotsky's life in 1940 i [...] n the Chilean city of Chillán from 1941 to 1943. The author suggests that this period not only permanently sealed the link between Siqueiros' artistic career and his political activity, but also lent them a profoundly international, transcultural connotation as regards their contents and impact. The author analyzes the antecedents of Siqueiros' artistic and political work and its repercussion on the founding of blocs of Communist Party militants drawn from artistic circles.

Azuela de la Cueva, Alicia.

238

Quantum Theory  

CERN Multimedia

The study of quantum theory allowed twentieth-century scientists to examine the world in a new way, one that was filled with uncertainties and probabilities. Further study also led to the development of lasers, the atomic bomb, and the computer. This exciting new book clearly explains quantum theory and its everyday uses in our world.

Manning, Phillip

2011-01-01

239

Perturbation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

After noting some advantages of using perturbation theory some of the various types are related on a chart and described, including many-body nonlinear summations, quartic force-field fit for geometry, fourth-order correlation approximations, and a survey of some recent work. Alternative initial approximations in perturbation theory are also discussed. 25 references

1978-08-16

240

David Flack shares with Simon Dunton his perception of the fortunes of the Yorkshire colliery that has been owned and run by his family since 1908  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

An interview with David Flack about the Hay Royds colliery, Clayton West, UK and the history of his firm is given. The colliery produces 35,000 t/year coal from a 1-6 m seam, 0.5 m of which is in dirt bands. Washing is needed to remove the dirt (mostly shale) which is then pumped back underground.

NONE

1997-03-01

 
 
 
 
241

The Integration of Jesus' Great Commandment within Christian Higher Education: An Analysis of the Leadership Praxis of Dr. David S. Dockery  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to better understand the leadership philosophy and key strategic actions of Dr. David S. Dockery in relation to Jesus' Great Commandment. Dockery's leadership has been instrumental in shaping and defining the meaning of Christian education during his fourteen year tenure as president of Union University. During his…

Hickman, Tanner Franklin

2010-01-01

242

The EU Referendum rebellion has left David Cameron with little room to manoeuvre and is picking apart his liberal conservative project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

While the House of Commons vote for a referendum on EU membership was easily defeated on Monday, it saw 81 Conservative MPs defy their party’s 3-line whip. Pete Redford argues that this rebellion shows the growing differences between the Conservative front and back benches over Europe – differences that could cause considerable headaches for David Cameron in the future.

Redford, Pete

2011-01-01

243

Invariant theory  

CERN Document Server

This volume of expository papers is the outgrowth of a conference in combinatorics and invariant theory. In recent years, newly developed techniques from algebraic geometry and combinatorics have been applied with great success to some of the outstanding problems of invariant theory, moving it back to the forefront of mathematical research once again. This collection of papers centers on constructive aspects of invariant theory and opens with an introduction to the subject by F. Grosshans. Its purpose is to make the current research more accesssible to mathematicians in related fields.

1987-01-01

244

Postmodernism or Neo-Realism: On Parody in David Lodge’s Campus Novel Small World  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Parody in Small World, working in both comic and meta-fictional ways, embodies the liberal humanist spirit of traditional realist novel and critical consciousness of the anti-humanist post-theories though it looks like a technique of postmodern novel superficially. Small World, as a work of neo-realism, marks a significant tendency in the development of postwar British novel, both inheriting the great realist tradition of British novel and absorbing some innovative factors of postmodernist fiction.
Keywords: Lodge; Small World; parody; realism; postmodernism

Résumé: La parodie de Petit Monde, qui fonctionne de deux manière:comique et métafictionnel, incarne l'esprit humaniste libéral de roman réaliste traditionnel et la conscience critique de post-théories anti-humaniste, même si elle ressemble à une technique de roman postmoderne superficiellement. Petit Monde, en tant qu'une œuvre de néo-réalisme, marque une tendance importante dans le développement de roman britannique d'après-guerre, qui hérite à la fois la tradition réaliste du roman britannique et absorbe certains facteurs novateurs de la fiction postmoderniste.
Mots-clés: Lodge; Petit Monde; parodie; réalisme; postmdernisme

Zhao-guo DING

2010-06-01

245

[Nuclear theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report discusses concepts in nuclear theory such as: neutrino nucleosynthesis; double beta decay; neutrino oscillations; chiral symmetry breaking; T invariance; quark propagator; cold fusion; and other related topics

1989-01-01

246

Communication theory  

CERN Multimedia

This book is an introduction, for mathematics students, to the theories of information and codes. They are usually treated separately but, as both address the problem of communication through noisy channels (albeit from different directions), the authors

Goldie, Charles M

1991-01-01

247

Model theory  

CERN Document Server

An up-to-date and integrated introduction to model theory, designed to be used for graduate courses (for students who are familiar with first-order logic), and as a reference for more experienced logicians and mathematicians.

Hodges, Wilfrid

1993-01-01

248

Fourier Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

This module, developed by the Maricopa Advanced Technology Education Center (MATEC) project called Work-Ready Electronics, presents the basis and applications of Fourier theory. On this site, visitors will find five sections: Frequency Domain View of Electronic Signals, the Frequency Domain, The Fourier Theory: A Technician Level Explanation, Bandwidth, and Applications of Fourier Theory. Each section is followed by a Knowledge Probe assessment which asks questions about the material that was just covered. The Learning Resource section of the site contains laboratory activities and questions for practice and research as well as links to further information on Fourier theory. There is also a glossary of terms from all aspects of electronics, and a handy notebook tool with allows visitors to jot down notes and thoughts as they work through the activities.

2008-08-15

249

Chromatography Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

James Hardy has produced a number of presentation-style lecture modules for analytical chemistry. This is a very good module that covers the introductory theory of chromatography. The material includes information on chromatography along with plate and kinetic theories. It is a colorful and well planned presentation of the introduction to chromatography that could be used as the basis for lectures on chromatography at the introductory analytical chemistry or instrumental analysis level.

2011-04-13

250

Information Theory, Inference and Learning Algorithms  

Science.gov (United States)

Information theory and inference, often taught separately, are here united in one entertaining textbook. These topics lie at the heart of many exciting areas of contemporary science and engineering - communication, signal processing, data mining, machine learning, pattern recognition, computational neuroscience, bioinformatics, and cryptography. This textbook introduces theory in tandem with applications. Information theory is taught alongside practical communication systems, such as arithmetic coding for data compression and sparse-graph codes for error-correction. A toolbox of inference techniques, including message-passing algorithms, Monte Carlo methods, and variational approximations, are developed alongside applications of these tools to clustering, convolutional codes, independent component analysis, and neural networks. The final part of the book describes the state of the art in error-correcting codes, including low-density parity-check codes, turbo codes, and digital fountain codes -- the twenty-first century standards for satellite communications, disk drives, and data broadcast. Richly illustrated, filled with worked examples and over 400 exercises, some with detailed solutions, David MacKay's groundbreaking book is ideal for self-learning and for undergraduate or graduate courses. Interludes on crosswords, evolution, and sex provide entertainment along the way. In sum, this is a textbook on information, communication, and coding for a new generation of students, and an unparalleled entry point into these subjects for professionals in areas as diverse as computational biology, financial engineering, and machine learning.

Mackay, David J. C.

2003-10-01

251

David and Goliath : the procedures for selling ENEL distribution lines to city-owned companies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper analyzed the economic impacts of the provisions under Article 9 of the Bersani Decree, relating to the sale of the ENEL distribution networks to city-owned companies, with particular reference to the ENEL-AEM Milano case. The Bersani Decree states that the sale of networks must be made according to normal market rules, but also rules that ENEL is obliged to sell its own distribution network. Through the use of analytical instruments inspired by the contract theory, this study highlighted several contradictions in the decree. It was noted that the deferment to private parties bargaining to perform the sale was contradictory, as it was counterbalanced and blocked by the legal compulsion to sell. The Bersani Decree influences the bargaining power of the parties by handing it over to the city-owned company, who then make as low an evaluation of the contract as possible. This has prompted several companies to seek arbitration. If the arbitrators are unable to arrive at a satisfactory price, the contract will not be completed. The refusal to accept a proposed price may be seen as an attempt to negotiate a different purchase price. In addition, magistrates undertake the bargaining power that would be be granted to both parties to respect the Bersani Decree, in that the magistrate has the power to order one or both parties to conclude the contract. The independent setting of the sale is compromised and does not necessarily reflect the evaluations of parties involved. Appeals to appraisers, hearings and research mean that the costs to both parties, and society, increases. It was suggested that legislators should allow the market to work independently, without mandating the terms of private companies' transactions, and without additional procedural phases. A market-oriented formulation could avoid useless extensions and costs in the sale of ENEL-owned distribution networks to city-owned companies. 17 refs., 4 tabs., 12 figs

2005-01-01

252

Set theory for category theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Questions of set-theoretic size play an essential role in category theory, especially the distinction between sets and proper classes (or small sets and large sets). There are many different ways to formalize this, and which choice is made can have noticeable effects on what categorical constructions are permissible. In this expository paper we summarize and compare a number of such "set-theoretic foundations for category theory," and describe their implications for the ever...

Shulman, Michael A.

2008-01-01

253

Tratamento cirúrgico da insuficiência aórtica nos aneurismas e dissecções da aorta ascendente pela técnica de Tirone David  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aneurismas da aorta ascendente (AAA e dissecções agudas da aorta (DAA são defeitos que cursam com insuficiência valvar aórtica (IAo na maioria dos pacientes, geralmente causada por vários mecanismos. Em 30% a 50% dos casos, os folhetos aórticos são morfologicamente normais, possibilitando a reconstrução através do reimplante da valva e das artérias coronárias em um tubo corrugado de Dacron e pericárdio bovino. Descrita por Tirone David, esta técnica evita a prótese valvular e, provavelmente, nos casos de AAA, corrige definitivamente os mecanismos envolvidos. No período de novembro de 1994 a dezembro de 1995 operamos 11 pacientes, que foram assim divididos: Grupo I: DAA, 5 pacientes, todos com o Tipo 1 de DeBakey, sendo 4 agudos e 1 crônico; Grupo II: AAA, 6 pacientes, a maioria com idade acima de 50 anos. No Grupo I empregamos hipotermia profunda, parada circulatória total e perfusão cerebral retrógrada. No Grupo II usamos hipotermia moderada a 28oC. Em ambos a proteção miocárdica foi realizada através de infusão anterógrada intermitente e isotérmica de solução cardioplégica sangüínea associada a solução salina gelada no pericárdio. Dois (18,2% pacientes faleceram na fase hospitalar e 1 (9% tardiamente, todos do Grupo I, e 8 vêm sendo acompanhados, com tempo máximo de 13 meses de seguimento. Todos os pacientes sobreviventes (9/11 foram submetidos a estudo ecocardiográfico antes da alta e nenhum apresentou disfunção valvar aórtica. Em dezembro de 1995, todos que sobreviviam (8/11 foram reavaliados por ecocardiografia e os resultados são mostrados neste trabalho. Concluímos que o reimplante da valva aórtica descrito por David é um método efetivo de tratamento da IAo associada aos AAA e DAA. Mesmo sendo pequeno o número de pacientes e o seguimento desta série, acreditamos que a tentativa de evitar o implante de próteses valvulares é encorajadora para ambos, cirurgião e paciente, em um seleto número de casos.Aneurysms of the root and ascending aorta (AAA and acute aortic dissections (AAD are usually associated with valvular aortic insufficiency (VAI in a large number of patients, caused by a variety of machanisms. In 30% to 50% of these cases the aortic leaflets are morphologically normal and can be spared using the technique of reconstruction of the root and ascending aorta plus the reimplantation of the aortic valve and the coronary arteries in a composite Dacron and bovine pericardium tubular graft. This technique, described and proposed by Tirone David, avoids valve replacement and, in some cases of AAA, may definitely correct the mechanisms involved in the disease. From November 1994 to December 1995, 11 patients were operated upon this technique and divided in two main groups: Group I - AAD, 5 patients, all with Type I DeBakey, 4 with acute and 1 with chronic dissection; Group II - AAA, 6 patients, the majority being over 50 years old. The surgical technique, concerning the Group I, included profound hypothermia (all cases, total circulatory arrest and retrograde cerebral perfusion, (3 cases. In Group II we used moderate hypothermia at 28°C. In both groups the myocardial protection was performed with intermittent antegrade isothermic blood cardioplegia delivered each 10 minutes, associated with iced saline into the pericardium. There were two operative deaths (18.2% and one late death (9%, all from the Group I, and 9 were discharged from hospital (81.8% with a maximum follow-up period of 13 months. All patients (9/11 had colour ecodopplercardiographic evaluation before discharge and none of them had aortic valvular dysfunction. The Eco studies were repeated for all surviving patients (8/11 in December 1995, and the results are shown in this paper. We conclude that the aortic valve-sparing operation described by Tirone David is a very reliable and effective method of treatment of the VAI associated with AAA and AAD. Although the number of patients is small and the follow-up period is short in this series, we believe that the efforts to avoid valve

Wagner M PEREIRA

1997-01-01

254

Interim Letter Report - Verification Survey of 19 Grids in the Lester Flat Area, David Witherspoon Inc. 1630 Site Knoxville, Tennessee  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Perform verification surveys of 19 available grids located in the Lester Flat Area at the Davod Witherspoon Site. The survey grids included E11, E12, E13, F11, F12, F13, F14, F15, G15, G16, G17, H16, H17, H18, X16, X17, X18, K16, and J16. The David Witherspoon Inc. (DWI) Site, located at 1630 Maryville Pike in Knoxville, Tennessee, received, processed, stored, and shipped scrap metal that was contaminated with radiological and chemical substances. The DWI site received a variety of wastes for disposal from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Operation sites as early as the 1970's. Past monitoring at the site indicated that improper handling of the waste had resulted in the contamination at 1630 DWI. Characterization surveys and analyses identified numerous radiological and chemical contaminants, including uranium, thorium, heavy metals, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), asbestos, and organic compounds. The contaminants have been noted in various media on the site, including debris, soil, sediment, groundwater, and surface water. There were no buildings located in the subject areas during site operations. The DOE's decommissioning contractor, Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC. (BJC), has performed characterization surveys, subsequent remediation, and final status surveys within the subject area. The areas are awaiting backfilling pending results from the Independent Verification (IV) survey.

2008-01-01

255

Quantum theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This textbook for students of physics is oriented in the selection of matter by the contents of a two-semester course about quantum theory. Thereby the foundations of quantum theory, among them the quantum-mechanical measurement process, the mathematical formalism, and Bell's inequalities, are extensively treated. Also modern concepts like feynman's path integral are regarded. This work is equally suited for a self-study, as course-accompanying lecture, and for preparations of examina. Application examples, supplementary explanations, and numerous illustration take car for a good understanding of the theoretical contents

2006-01-01

256

Multifragmentation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recent developments in models used to describe nuclear collisions and fragmentation are reviewed. A framework for the classification and relations of these models is discussed. Results on the mean free path of a nucleon in nuclear matter, relevant to dynamical model calculations, are quoted. A prescription for incorporating fluctuations in these models is described. Statistical multifragmentation theories are viewed as approximations to a transition-state treatment generalized from the standard theory of binary fission. A quasifragment in equilibrium with a nucleon vapor is considered. The interplay between dynamical and statistical aspects of nuclear collisions and fragmentation is briefly reviewed. (orig.)

1989-08-10

257

Galois theory  

CERN Document Server

Galois theory is a fascinating mixture of classical and modern mathematics, and in fact provided much of the seed from which abstract algebra has grown. It is a showpiece of mathematical unification and of ""technology transfer"" to a range of modern applications.Galois Theory, Second Edition is a revision of a well-established and popular text. The author's treatment is rigorous, but motivated by discussion and examples. He further lightens the study with entertaining historical notes - including a detailed description of Évariste Galois' turbulent life. The application of the Galois group to

Stewart, Ian

1990-01-01

258

A narrative-critical and theological perspective on the ideology of leadership in the Davidic narratives and its relevance for an African Christian context  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The specific purpose of this study is to examine a theological perspective on the ideology of leadership in the Davidic narratives and its relevance for African Christianity. The concern is in the area of a debilitating leadership vacuum that plagues and paralyses modern society (Human 2002:658ff). The abdication of responsibility is obvious in nearly every field of endeavour, from politics, to medicine, to law, to business, and so sad to say to, ministry (Convey 2004:140; cf. Tshilenga 1999:...

2013-01-01

259

The Black and Green Atlantic. Cross-Currents of the African and Irish Diasporas. Eds. Peter D. O’Neill and David Lloyd.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The collection of essays The Black and Green Atlantic. Cross-Currents of the African and Irish Diasporas, edited by Peter D. O’Neill and David Lloyd brings together a series of essays addressing the issue of resistance, complicity and the circulation of ideas about equality, race and independence in an international, Atlantic context, extremely sensitive to the sometimes circular flow of ideas and to the polyphonic palimpsest of traditions and voices. Consciously continuing, as the editors th...

Roxana Oltean

2011-01-01

260

Re-thinking the ethics of intensification for animal agriculture : comments on David Fraser, animal welfare and the intensification of animal production  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In a recent essay published in the prestigious series of readings in ethics issued by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations David Fraser discusses the relationship between animal welfare and modern, intensive animal production. His main view is that it is possible to uphold a decent level of animal welfare within intensive animal production and that the best way to promote animal welfare is to reform rather than reject intensive animal production.

Sandøe, Peter

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

People of Virtue: Reconfiguring Religion, Power and Moral Order in Cambodia Today, Alexandra Kent & David Chandler (éds, Copenhague : NIAS Press, 2008, 323 p.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Ce fort volume de seize chapitres, écrits par autant d’auteurs, a été dirigé par une anthropologue danoise et un historien d’Australie, le célèbre David Chandler. La thématique en est solidement établie : la situation du bouddhisme au Cambodge, que ce soit théologiquement, anthropologiquement, politiquement ou sociologiquement. La dimension historique, certes pas centrale, est davantage présente cependant que ne l’indique le titre : deux forts articles (Alain Forest et Anne Hansen se concent...

Jean-Louis Margolin

2010-12-01

262

Scattering theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Written by the author of the widely acclaimed textbook. Theoretical Atomic Physics Includes sections on quantum reflection, tunable Feshbach resonances and Efimov states. Useful for advanced students and researchers. This book presents a concise and modern coverage of scattering theory. It is motivated by the fact that experimental advances have shifted and broadened the scope of applications where concepts from scattering theory are used, e.g. to the field of ultracold atoms and molecules, which has been experiencing enormous growth in recent years, largely triggered by the successful realization of Bose-Einstein condensates of dilute atomic gases in 1995. In the present treatment, special attention is given to the role played by the long-range behaviour of the projectile-target interaction, and a theory is developed, which is well suited to describe near-threshold bound and continuum states in realistic binary systems such as diatomic molecules or molecular ions. The level of abstraction is kept as low as at all possible, and deeper questions related to mathematical foundations of scattering theory are passed by. The book should be understandable for anyone with a basic knowledge of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. It is intended for advanced students and researchers, and it is hoped that it will be useful for theorists and experimentalists alike.

Friedrich, Harald [Technische Univ. Muenchen, Garching (Germany). Physik-Department

2013-08-01

263

Color Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

This project will be used to teach the importance of color. Watch the following video about color Primary Colors Click on the link Exploration of Color. When you get into the website select the different colors to see what secondary colors are made from the primary colors. Review the following siteColor Theory and then design and paint a color wheel. ...

Sturgell, Mr.

2009-12-02

264

Cosmology: theory  

CERN Multimedia

The discovery of 126 GeV Higgs boson and observations of no signs of new physics at the LHC implies that the Standard Model of elementary particles is a self-consistent weakly-coupled effective field theory all the way up to the Planck scale without the addition of any new particles. I will discuss possible consequences of these findings for cosmology.

Shaposhnikov, Mikhail

2013-01-01

265

Scattering theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Written by the author of the widely acclaimed textbook. Theoretical Atomic Physics Includes sections on quantum reflection, tunable Feshbach resonances and Efimov states. Useful for advanced students and researchers. This book presents a concise and modern coverage of scattering theory. It is motivated by the fact that experimental advances have shifted and broadened the scope of applications where concepts from scattering theory are used, e.g. to the field of ultracold atoms and molecules, which has been experiencing enormous growth in recent years, largely triggered by the successful realization of Bose-Einstein condensates of dilute atomic gases in 1995. In the present treatment, special attention is given to the role played by the long-range behaviour of the projectile-target interaction, and a theory is developed, which is well suited to describe near-threshold bound and continuum states in realistic binary systems such as diatomic molecules or molecular ions. The level of abstraction is kept as low as at all possible, and deeper questions related to mathematical foundations of scattering theory are passed by. The book should be understandable for anyone with a basic knowledge of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. It is intended for advanced students and researchers, and it is hoped that it will be useful for theorists and experimentalists alike.

2013-01-01

266

Electricity Theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The text book composed of five parts, which are summary of this book, arrangement of electricity theory including electricity nad magnetism, a direct current, and alternating current. It has two dictionary electricity terms for a synonym. The last is an appendix. It is for preparing for test of officer, electricity engineer and fire fighting engineer.

2006-01-01

267

Electricity Theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The text book composed of five parts, which are summary of this book, arrangement of electricity theory including electricity nad magnetism, a direct current, and alternating current. It has two dictionary electricity terms for a synonym. The last is an appendix. It is for preparing for test of officer, electricity engineer and fire fighting engineer.

Gong, Ha Soung

2006-12-15

268

QCD Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Quantum Chromodynamics is an established part of the Standard Model and an essential part of the toolkit for searching for new physics at high-energy colliders. I present a status report on the theory of QCD and review some of the important developments in the past year.

Stirling, W. J.

2004-01-01

269

Filtration theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The theory of filtration with reference to HEPA filters is given, together with the implications for design and testing. The effects of temperature, electric charges on particles and faults such as pinholes in the filter medium are discussed, and some experimental results are quoted

1977-02-01

270

Combinatorial Theory  

CERN Document Server

Includes proof of van der Waerden's 1926 conjecture on permanents, Wilson's theorem on asymptotic existence, and other developments in combinatorics since 1967. Also covers coding theory and its important connection with designs, problems of enumeration, and partition. Presents fundamentals in addition to latest advances, with illustrative problems at the end of each chapter. Enlarged appendixes include a longer list of block designs.

Hall, Marshall

2011-01-01

271

Book Review: David Lederer (2006) Madness, Religion and the State in Early Modern Europe. A Bavarian Beacon (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press). Pp. 361, 19 plates. £50.00. ISBN 13 978-0-521-8537-7 (hbk)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Book Review: David Lederer (2006) Madness, Religion and the State in Early Modern Europe. A Bavarian Beacon (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press). Pp. 361, 19 plates. £50.00. ISBN 13 978-0-521-8537-7 (hbk)

2008-01-01

272

Rezension: Abraham David, Anke Költsch und Stephan Wendehorst: Leipziger Judentümer in Stadt und Universität. Katalog zur gleichnamigen Ausstellung in der Bibliotheca Albertina Leipzig vom 13. Januar bis 25. April 2010 Leipzig 2010  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abraham David, Anke Költsch und Stephan Wendehorst Leipziger Judentümer in Stadt und Universität.Katalog zur gleichnamigen Ausstellung in der Bibliotheca AlbertinaLeipzig vom 13. Januar bis 25. April 2010Leipzig 2010

Tim H. Deubel

2010-10-01

273

Hallist müürist ehk Praktik ütleb : "Teoreetikutest on praktilist kasu" / interv. Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

J. Unduski "Goodbye, Vienna ehk Gertrud" Tartu Teatrilaboris, lavastus valmis T. Lensmendi käe all ja koostöös Tartu Ülikooli teatriteaduse õppetooliga. Vestlusring on salvestatud mõni päev pärast esimest läbimängu

2002-01-01

274

Kas me sellist eesti keelt tahtsime? / Anu Lamp ; küsitlenud Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Vestlus lavastaja ja näitleja Anu Lambiga Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia Lavakunstikooli 22. lennu diplomilavastusest "Keeleuuenduse lõpmattu kurv" kus räägitakse uudissõnu ja seda, mis Johannes Aaviku pärandist on saanud

Lamp, Anu, 1958-

2006-01-01

275

Kas me sellist eesti keelt tahtsime? / Anu Lamp ; interv. Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

24. märtsil esietendus teatris NO99 lavakunstikooli 22. lennu viimane diplomilavastus "Keeleuuenduse lõpmatu kurv". Lavastaja Anu Lamp räägib eesti keelest ja sellest, kuidas materjal Johannes Aaviku keeleuuendusest lavale jõudis

Lamp, Anu, 1958-

2006-01-01

276

Revolutsioon, mida ei tulnud, on tegelikult kohal. On kogu aeg olnud / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Dokumentaalfilm opositsionääridest Venemaal "Revolutsioon, mida ei tulnud" (režissöör Aljona Polunina, produtsendid Ilkka Matila ja Jaak Kilmi; tootjad Kuukulgur Film ja Matila Röhr Productions Soomest, 2008)

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2009-01-01

277

Vene Teatri juht Marek Demjanov vaatab tänasesse päeva / Marek Demjanov ; interv. Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Teatri remondi käigust, pikemalt kevadel Moskvast naasvatest noortest näitlejatest (õppisid neli aastat Moskva Kunstiteatri koolstuudios), publikust. Lisatud Marek Demjanovi eluloolised andmed ja Vene Teatri tegevuskava 2006

Demjanov, Marek

2006-01-01

278

Work plan for the removal and subsequent management of specific waste from David Witherspoon, Inc., Knoxville, Tennessee  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) and the Department of Energy (DOE) have made the determination that approximately 258 drums of waste and 10 open-top boxes of waste now located at the site known as David Witherspoon, Inc., (DWI) in south Knoxville, Tennessee, should be repackaged as necessary and transferred to the K-25 Site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for management. This work plan addresses the four phases of activity planned and the methods of accomplishment The lint phase will consist of an assessment to determine requirements for managing the waste. Items to be investigated include site access, site conditions, personal protective equipment, waste characterization needs, packaging and labeling, transportation, receipt and storage of the waste at the K-25 Site, and site controls and monitoring required during the packaging operations to be conducted at DWI. The second phase will include mobilization of on-site support and operating facilities, sampling and transferral of a randomly selected representative fraction of the 232 drums now stored on-site in sea/land containers to storage facilities at the K-25 Site, and sampling of the waste now stored in the 26 drums inside the main process building and the 10 open-top boxes of waste stored outside and adjacent to the building. The third phase will include repackaging and transferral of the 26 drums and 10 boxes of waste to the K-25 Site and placement of the containerized waste into appropriate storage at the K-25 Site. Participants in the fourth phase of activity will demobilize the support and operating facilities from DWI, conduct an on-site evaluation at the K-25 site to verify compliance with storage and other management requirements, prepare a closeout report for the activity assessing the actions, and develop a plan for the final management method for the waste

1993-01-01

279

Gauge theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An introduction to the unified gauge theories of weak and electromagnetic interactions is given. The ingredients of gauge theories and symmetries and conservation laws lead to discussion of local gauge invariance and QED, followed by weak interactions and quantum flavor dynamics. The construction of the standard SU(2)xU(1) model precedes discussion of the unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions and weak neutral current couplings in this model. Presentation of spontaneous symmetry breaking and spontaneous breaking of a local symmetry leads to a spontaneous breaking scheme for the standard SU(2)xU(1) model. Consideration of quarks, leptons, masses and the Cabibbo angles, of the four quark and six quark models and CP violation lead finally to grand unification, followed by discussion of mixing angles in the Georgi-Glashow model, the Higgses of the SU(5) model and proton/ neutron decay in SU(5). (JIW)

280

Potential theory  

CERN Multimedia

Potential Theory presents a clear path from calculus to classical potential theory and beyond, with the aim of moving the reader into the area of mathematical research as quickly as possible. The subject matter is developed from first principles using only calculus. Commencing with the inverse square law for gravitational and electromagnetic forces and the divergence theorem, the author develops methods for constructing solutions of Laplace's equation on a region with prescribed values on the boundary of the region. The latter half of the book addresses more advanced material aimed at those with the background of a senior undergraduate or beginning graduate course in real analysis. Starting with solutions of the Dirichlet problem subject to mixed boundary conditions on the simplest of regions, methods of morphing such solutions onto solutions of Poisson's equation on more general regions are developed using diffeomorphisms and the Perron-Wiener-Brelot method, culminating in application to Brownian motion. In ...

Helms, Lester L

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Transport theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The various quantities used in the theory are defined; starting from fundamental property of neutron transport, the integro-differential form of the transport equation is established with its associated boundary conditions, and then the integral form. The second part is devoted to the fundamental theorems of the theory; to begin with, the reciprocity theorem is considered; a number of examples is also given illustrating the facility with which it can be applied to practical cases; finally the complementarity theorem is dealt with; from this theorem one then derives naturally a third, less known, form of the transport equation; from this version of the equation a very rapidly converging analytical method of solution is obtained; it has been the subject of several researches during the last few years

1976-01-01

282

Gyrotron theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The gyrotron or electron-cyclotron-resonance-maser is a high-power microwave source in which the microwave field gains energy from a beam of relativistic electrons. At present time, the development is being stimulated by the demand for high-power microwave radiation to heat tokamak plasmas to fusion temperatures and by new radar applications. The heart of the device is a resonant cavity in a steady magnetic field. A hallow cylindrical beam of electrons gyrating about the magnetic field direction with relativistic energies enters the cavity and interacts with the microwave there. The microwave field gain energy from the electrons and a fraction of this energy leaves the cavity via the output waveguide. In this work, some general properties of relativistic coherent states of electrons moving in a steady and homo-geneous magnetic are presented and three types of eigenfunctions as solutions of the Klein-Gordon-Equation are considered. These eigenstates are multipletts. The multipletts are constructed as eigenstates of Johnson-Lippmann-Operators and the influence of the microwave field is investigated by perturbation theory. The resulting stability problem for perturbation theory is solved and the Floquet-Exponent is calculated to second order. By coupling the Klein-Gordon current with the wavefunction of photons, selections rules for the Redmond-Field can be derived. The expection values of light-emission are determined by using Fermis Golden Rule. A further purpose of this article is to show, that quantum theory is needed to derive correct results. (author)

1993-01-01

283

Shantaram / Gregory David Roberts  

Trove (Australia)

... s to unlock the mysteries and intrigues that bind Lin are held by two people. The first is Khader Khan: mafia godfather, criminal-philosopher-saint, and mentor to Lin in the underworld of the Golden ...

Roberts, Gregory David

2014-01-01

284

Triploids - David Soloman  

…number of other relevant differences. Many organs and tissues have larger but fewer cells in triploids, including the brain, muscle, retina, liver and kidney (Benfey, 1999). This appears to arise because the extra set of chromosomes dictates an increase in cell nucleus dimensions which in turn affects overall…

285

David Owen WILLIAMS  

CERN Document Server

Lidy Williams-Oonk and her children Mark & Marietta, being unable to thank everybody individually, would like to express their sincere thanks to friends and colleagues at CERN and abroad for their great help and support, their messages and flowers, as well as their donations to the Ligue Genevoise contre le Cancer, on the death of their beloved husband and father.

2006-01-01

286

Triploids - David Soloman  

…(i.e. a variable proportion of the fish produced were still diploids) careful application of the pressure shock technique appears more reliable; Trevor Whyatt (Allenbrook Trout Farm) claims a very high success rate - close to 100%. Any \\

287

Preobrazhenije Kushnera / David Rieff  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Üllatuslikult nimetas Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy välisministriks populaarse vasakpoliitiku Bernard Kouchner'i, kes on oma tuntuse saavutanud eelkõige tänu humanitaartööle - ta on üks abiagentuuri Piirideta Arstid asutajaliikmetest, töötanud ÜRO Kosovo haldurina ning humanitaarinterventsiooni tuline pooldaja. Humanitaarinterventsiooni kontseptsioonist

Rieff, David

2007-01-01

288

Triploids - David Soloman  

…muscle pigmentation in triploids remains strong compared to maturing diploid females, which shift muscle canthaxanthin to the developing eggs. It is difficult to differentiate visually between triploids and diploids, particularly when both are immature. Diploids will develop spawning coloration, and the…

289

Triploids - David Soloman  

…has shown that triploids generally have a slightly lower early survival, as alevins, than diploids. Triploids can also be produced by crossing tetraploids with diploids. Sheehan et al (1999) suggested that, as this method can produce guaranteed 100% triploids, it could be useful for situations where…

290

Triploids - David Soloman  

…and tissues have larger but fewer cells in triploids, including the brain, muscle, retina, liver and kidney (Benfey, 1999). This appears to arise because the extra set of chromosomes dictates an increase in cell nucleus dimensions which in turn affects overall cell size. However, this rather fundamental…

291

Reviews / David J. Smith  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Arvustus: Kasekamp, Andres. A history of the Baltic states. Basingstoke (Hampshire) ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Artiklis tutvustatakse raamatut eelkõige kui täielikku ülevaadet Balti riikide postsotsialistlikust edukast arengust ja selle ajaloolistest juurtest

Smith, David J.

2012-01-01

292

Revolutsioonile mõeldes / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Nõukogudeaegse ajalookäsitluse üheks peamiseks meetodiks oli lihtsustamine. Eestis väidetavalt käivitunud eetikarevolutsiooni käsitlemine ei erine oma olemuselt nõukogudeaegsest metoodikast. Rooma keiser Septimius Severusest

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

293

Triploids - David Soloman  

…in trout, there are a number of other relevant differences. Many organs and tissues have larger but fewer cells in triploids, including the brain, muscle, retina, liver and kidney (Benfey, 1999). This appears to arise because the extra set of chromosomes dictates an increase in cell nucleus dimensions…

294

Taastuvenergeetika eluliin / David Talbot  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Taastuvate energiaallikate laialdasem kasutamine nõuab muutusi ja uuendusi elektrienergia ülekandeliinide süsteemis. Artiklis on lähemalt käsitletud taastuvenergia tootmist Saksamaal ja Ameerika Ühendriikides

Talbot, David

2009-01-01

295

Triploids - David Soloman  

…condition rather than being triploid per se. Observations on his own water suggest that triploids do not accompany spawning fish onto the shallow redd areas but remain in their normal feeding areas throughout the autumn and winter. Reliability of triploid production While early attempts at producing…

296

Activity Theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The rise of personal computer challenged mainframes systems for automation of existing work routine. Furthermore it brought forth a need to focus on how to work on materials and objects through the computer. In search for theoretical and methodical perspectives it seemed promising to turn towards the young HCI research tradition. But HCI was already facing problems: lack of consideration for other aspects of human behavior, for interaction with other people, for culture. Cognitive science-based theories lacked means to address several issues that came out of the empirical projects.

Bertelsen, Olav Wedege; Bødker, Susanne

2003-01-01

297

Graph theory  

CERN Document Server

HauptbeschreibungThis standard textbook of modern graph theory, now in its fourth edition, combinesthe authority of a classic with the engaging freshness of style that is the hallmarkof active mathematics. It covers the core material of the subject with concise yetreliably complete proofs, while offering glimpses of more advanced methodsin each field by one or two deeper results, again with proofs given in full detail.The book can be used as a reliable text for an introductory course, as a graduatetext, and for self-study. Rezension"Deep, clear, wonderful. This is a serious book about the

Diestel, Reinhard

2012-01-01

298

Field Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Knowledge flows is unevenly distributed in time and space with field effect. The system of knowledge movement appears systematic effect taken by all Collaboration elements which are knowledge source, knowledge tracing line, knowledge node, knowledge pool it constructs the evolution of knowledge field. The article concludes knowledge need mechanism and movement model on the basis of knowledge field according to the mutual interaction of some eigenvectors such as knowledge field potential, knowledge prohibition, field strength. The article draws a conclusion that the theory of knowledge field can uncover the essence of knowledge movement effectively, the process of knowledge movement is the mutual effects of power and resistance.

Mi Jun

2013-01-01

299

Is string theory a theory of strings?  

CERN Document Server

Recently a great deal of evidence has been found indicating that type IIA string theory compactified on K3 is equivalent to heterotic string theory compactified on T^4. Under the transformation which relates the two theories, the roles of fundamental and solitonic string solutions are interchanged. In this letter we show that there exists a solitonic membrane solution of the heterotic string theory which becomes a singular solution of the type IIA theory, and should therefore be interpreted as a fundamental membrane in the latter theory. We speculate upon the implications that the complete type IIA theory is a theory of membranes, as well as strings.

Johnson, C V; Khuri, R R; Myers, R C; Johnson, Clifford V; Kaloper, Nemanja; Khuri, Ramzi R; Myers, Robert C

1996-01-01

300

Adaptive Motivation Theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adaptive motivation theory has been developed along classic deductive lines. In earlier reports, the conceptual foundations of the theory were presented. These included theories of cognitive development (e.g., Piaget), theories of efficacy (e.g., White, B...

F. J. Landy W. S. Becker

1983-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

On the Influence of Rabbi ‘Haim Joseph David Azulai (‘Hida)’s Shem Ha-Guedolim on the Hebraic Bio-bibliography  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Before entering into the subject of the history of this book and its offspring, the author, the ‘Hida, must be presented briefly. Moritz Steinschneider says of him: “’Haim Joseph David Azulai of Jerusalem (1724-1806) wrote a book about the biographies of the sages of Israel and their works. The content of the book was collected by him throughout his travels.” The ‘Hida, like his father Isaac Zera’hia before him, had been appointed as a rabbinic envoy (shalia’h) to collect the fu...

Yohanan Lederman

2008-01-01

302

Fuel to the nuclear debate : [Rezension von:] Nuclear power in crisis, Andrew Blowers and David Pepper (editors), New York, Nichols; London ..., Croom Helm, 1987  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Nuclear energy is one of the most popular topics of today?s publication market. The literature about the pros and cons of nuclear power may easily fill a whole library. Is there anything new to add to this voluminous body of arguments and contra-arguments that would justify editing another book on nuclear energy? Andrew Blowers and David Pepper obviously felt that way and published a reader on Nuclear Power in Crisis. The book consists of 13 articles covering mainly the political, social...

1988-01-01

303

The uncertainty created by David Cameron’s policy on EU membership may cost the UK’s already troubled economy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Prior to UK Prime Minister David Cameron’s speech on the country’s relationship with the EU, Michael Emerson set out several hazards that his strategy was expected to face. Revisiting these hazards after the speech, he finds them to be mostly confirmed. He argues that Cameron’s policy is badly defined, politically unmanageable, creates uncertainty for investment, and implies a difficult and clouded scenario for secession if this were to happen. The best that can be hoped for in Cameron?...

Emerson, Michael

2013-01-01

304

Control theory  

CERN Document Server

In engineering and mathematics, control theory deals with the behaviour of dynamical systems. The desired output of a system is called the reference. When one or more output variables of a system need to follow a certain reference over time, a controller manipulates the inputs to a system to obtain the desired effect on the output of the system. Rapid advances in digital system technology have radically altered the control design options. It has become routinely practicable to design very complicated digital controllers and to carry out the extensive calculations required for their design. These advances in implementation and design capability can be obtained at low cost because of the widespread availability of inexpensive and powerful digital processing platforms and high-speed analog IO devices.

Simrock, S

2008-01-01

305

Colonial Empires of the East and the Eest: Images of the Other, from Tacito to David Malouf, from Salman Rushdie to Michael Ondaatje Imperi coloniali da Oriente a Occidente: immagini dell’Altro da Tacito a David Malouf, da Salman Rushdie a Michael Ondaatje  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many centuries before Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness (1902) and Rudyard Kipling’s Kim (1901) were published, the East and West were still divided, as in Tacito’s De Germania, by a limes also visible in David Malouf’s An Imaginary Life (1978), in which the poet Ovid exiled at Tomi, is friends with the savage Child, of animal nature in a human body, similar to the metamorphic migrants of Salman Rushdie’s <...

2011-01-01

306

Asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction. Comment on the nobel prize in physics 2004  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to David J. Gross, Frank Wilczek and H. David Politzer for their decisive contributions to the theory of the asymptotic freedom of the strong interaction (a fundamental interaction). The fundamental elements of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and the theory of the strong interaction are briefly reviewed in their historical context. How to achieve asymptotic freedom is introduced and its physical meaning explained. The latest experimental tests of asymptotic freedom are presented, and it is shown that the theoretical prediction agrees excellently with the experimental measurements. Perturbative QCD which is based on the asymptotic freedom is outlined. It is pointed out that the theoretical discovery and experimental proof of the asymptotic freedom are crucial for QCD to be the correct theory of strong interaction. Certain frontier research areas of QCD, such as 'color confinement', are mentioned. The discovery and confirmation of asymptotic freedom has indeed deeply affected particle physics, and has led to QCD becoming a main content of the standard model, and to further development of the so-called grand unification theories of interactions. (author)

2005-03-01

307

Para una des-comprensión filosófica del cine: el caso Inland Empire de David Lynch / Towards a Philosophical non-understanding of Films: The Lynch's Inland Empire Case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El trabajo cuestiona la capacidad hermenéutica de la filosofía en su tarea de analizar películas, sosteniendo que tal capacidad dejó de ser apropiada para hacer surgir el sentido y la verdad de obras cinematográficas. Se argumenta que una capacidad interactiva y "performativa" sería más adecuada. Ob [...] ras cinematográficas como las de David Lynch ayudan a entender este paso metodológico y temático desde la noción interpretativa de la verdad hacia la noción interactiva de la misma, al construir filmes que se configuran como "imposibles hermenéuticos". El artículo contiene una auto-crítica a la propia actitud hermenéutica aún asumida en mi libro Cine: 100 años de filosofía, de 1999. Abstract in english This paper puts in question the hermeneutic approach to the philosophical analysis of films, by showing this approach inadequate to allow the sense and truth of works of cinema arise and develop. An interactive and performative approach seems to be better. Cinematographic works as David Lynch’s help [...] to understand this shift from the hermeneutic conception of truth to the interactive one, if we can see these films as genuine "hermeneutic impossibilities". The paper also contains a criticism against the hermeneutic approach still sustained in my book Cine: 100 años de filosofía (Cinema: 100 years of philosophy), 1999.

Julio, Cabrera.

308

Recursion Theory Week  

CERN Document Server

These proceedings contain research and survey papers from many subfields of recursion theory, with emphasis on degree theory, in particular the development of frameworks for current techniques in this field. Other topics covered include computational complexity theory, generalized recursion theory, proof theoretic questions in recursion theory, and recursive mathematics.

Müller, Gert; Sacks, Gerald

1990-01-01

309

Quantum theory of gravity  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The book of essay entitled Quantum Theory of Gravity, edited by Steven M. Christensen is reviewed. The book contains over thirty papers dealing with the subject of the unification of quantum field theory and general relativity theory. Contributions include discussions of non-Abelian gauge theories, supersymmetry, issues in renormalization and quantization and matters related to the interpretation of theories

1984-01-01

310

K-theory and representation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This contribution includes K-theory of orders, group-rings and modules over EI categories, equivariant higher algebraic K-theory for finite, profinite and compact Lie group actions together with their relative generalisations and applications

2003-09-01

311

Análisis de los relatos de cinco coordinadores de Comunidades Eclesiales de Base en miras de localizar los ideales que los movilizaban en sus acciones colectivas en los años 80 bajo el Método del Algoritmo David Liberman (ADL) en su modalidad de relatos / Analysis of the Narratives of Five Coordinators of Basic Ecclesial Communities to Identify the Ideals that Prompt Their Collective Actions in the Decade of the 80's with the David Liberman Algorithm (DLA) Method on the Narrative Level  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Primero se presenta el proyecto investigativo y el contexto donde se realiza la investigación en curso. Después, se contextualiza al lector respecto de lo que son las Comunidades Eclesiales de Base (CEB) y sus ideales propuestos. Posteriormente, se desarrolla brevemente la propuesta teórica de los i [...] deales basada en la teoría psicoanalítica y se esboza la base metodológica de análisis de los relatos desde el algoritmo David Liberman. Finalmente, se presenta el análisis de los relatos de cinco entrevistados que participaron en las Comunidades Eclesiales de Base en la década de los 80, con el objetivo de destacar los ideales predominantes expresados en sus narrativas. Según el resultado global del análisis, los ideales predominantes en los relatos analizados fueron: la valentía, como una actitud fundamental para emprender acciones al interior y exterior del grupo. El ideal religioso aparece como contexto que aglutina a los miembros mediante actividades como los ejercicios espirituales. Este valor queda al servicio de la promoción de acciones reivindicativas en búsqueda de justicia en la obtención de servicios públicos, así como del ideal de una formación que concientiza. El ideal estético se manifiesta como subsidiario de la formación social en actividades lúdicas y recreativas como el teatro y el deporte. Finalmente, se analiza la dispersión existente de los ideales y se discute tanto con los referentes bibliográficos sobre CEB así como con el marco teórico referencial. A modo de conclusión, se manifiesta la importancia y prospectiva de la investigación. Abstract in english First, the research project is presented as well as the context in which the research is conducted. Then, the concept of the Basic Ecclesial Communities (BEC) and their proposed ideals is introduced. After that, the theoretical principles regarding ideals, based on psychoanalytic theory, are present [...] ed, and the methodological basis of analysis of the narratives, based on the David Liberman algorithm, is outlined. Finally, the analysis of the narratives of five interviewees who participated in the Basic Ecclesial Communities in the 80's is shown, with the aim of highlighting the dominant ideals expressed in their narratives. The overall result of the analysis shows that the dominant ideal in the narratives was courage, as a fundamental attitude to undertake action inside and outside the group. The religious ideal appears as a pervading ideal that reunites members through activities such as retreats. This value is at the service of vindictive action to reclaim social service benefits, as well as of guidance for a conscience awareness ideal. The aesthetic ideal is manifested as subsidiary of the social civility guidance regarding leisure and recreational activities such as the theatre and sports. Finally the dispersion existing concerning ideals is analysed and discussed in the light both of bibliographic BEC references and of the theoretical framework. The conclusion shows the importance and prospects of the research.

Antonio, Sánchez Antillón.

312

Gravity, general relativity theory and alternative theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main steps in plotting the current gravitation theory and some prospects of its subsequent development are reviewed. The attention is concentrated on a comparison of the relativistic gravitational field with other physical fields. Two equivalent formulations of the general relativity (GR) - geometrical and field-theoretical - are considered in detail. It is shown that some theories of gravity constructed as the field theories at a flat background space-time are in fact just different formulations of GR and not alternative theories

1986-01-01

313

David Lynch - Dark Splendor. Raum Bilder Klang, hrg. von Werner Spies, Ostfildern 2009; See this Sound. Versprechungen von Bild und Ton, hrg. von Cosima Rainer u.a., Köln 2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Das Max Ernst Museum in Brühl und das Lentos Kunstmuseum in Linz haben jüngst zwei Ausstellungskataloge herausgebracht, denen eine jeweils bemerkenswerte Ausstellung vorausging.Der Regisseur David Lynch wurde vor allem durch seine beeindruckenden Spielfilme wie Lost Highway, Mulholland Drive, Blue Velvet oder durch die Serie Twin Peaks aus den 90er Jahren bekannt. Die Ausstellung David Lynch – Dark Splendor. Raum Bilder Klang enthüllt eine Seite des Kultregisseurs, die vielen Filmliebhabern noch unentdeckt geblieben sein könnte. Brühl zeigt hier erstmals in Deutschland eine Sammlung, die sich nur mit dem bildnerischen Schaffen des Künstlers befasst.

Sarah Mauksch

2010-09-01

314

Model Theory and Applications  

CERN Multimedia

This title includes: Lectures - G.E. Sacks - Model theory and applications, and H.J. Keisler - Constructions in model theory; and, Seminars - M. Servi - SH formulas and generalized exponential, and J.A. Makowski - Topological model theory.

Mangani, P

2011-01-01

315

Obliczeniowe teorie ?wiadomo?ci (Computational theories of consciousness  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, I review the motivations for having a computational theory of consciousness to see if they turn out to be no longer plausible in the light of recent criticisms. These criticisms focus on the alleged inability of computational theories to deal with qualia, or qualities of experience (or objects of experience in some accounts, and with so-called symbol grounding on the other hand. Yet it seems that computationalism remains the best game in town when one wants to explain and predict the dynamics of information processing of cognitive systems. Conscious information processing does not seem to be explainable better within any other framework; computationalism regarding consciousness can only be discarded by supposing that consciousness is epiphenomenal in information processing.I will argue that recent theories of consciousness that are to deal with the so-called hard problem of consciousness remain in their core computational if they do not subscribe to epiphenomenalism. For example, the quantum theory as proposed by Stuart Hameroff remains openly computational; the same goes for pan(protopsychist speculation of David Chalmers. The qualitative character of information processing that Chalmers takes to explain the existence of subjective experience piggy-backs, so to say, on the very fact that there is information processing that is best explained in a computationalist framework. I also briefly show that other alternative accounts of consciousness (such as direct theories of consciousness that were supposed to oppose computational and functionalist conceptions are not only compatible with them but require them to begin with.In short, to discard credentials of computationalism in consciousness research one would have to show that it`s possible to explain conscious information-processing mechanisms sufficiently in a non-computational way. And this has not been done by any of the critics of computational accounts. This all doesn`t suggest, though, that computational explanation is sufficient for building a complete theory of consciousness; it might however be necessary.

Marcin Mi?kowski

2010-06-01

316

Review of Hydroelasticity Theories  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Existing hydroelastic theories are reviewed. The theories are classified into different types: two-dimensional linear theory, two-dimensional nonlinear theory, three-dimensional linear theory and three-dimensional nonlinear theory. Applications to analysis of very large floating structures (VLFS) are reviewed and discussed in details. Special emphasis is placed on papers from China and Japan (in native languages) as these papers are not generally publicly known in the rest of the world.

Chen, Xu-jun; Wu, You-sheng

2006-01-01

317

From David Walker to President Obama: Tropes of the Founding Fathers in African American Discourses of Democracy, or The Legacy of Ishmael  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available More than a century after the Emancipation Proclamation, in a society that still others blackness, we continue to hold to the mythical humanizing power of literacy. In our own time this has been poignantly evinced in the public reception of the current President of the United States, Barack Obama. He has been internationally hailed for his written and oral eloquence, and many Americans expected that Obama’s evident intellectual prowess would reverse prevailing stereotypes of black inferiority. Obama’s rhetorical success is rooted in the longstanding literary practice of invoking the mythical founding fathers to validate text and subject. In this regard, David Walker’s Appeal (1829 represents the emergence of a long tradition of black voices invoking America’s most sacred patriarchs and their rhetoric of Americanness.

Elizabeth J. West

2012-01-01

318

Quantum mechanics in the geometry of space-time. Elementary theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book continues the fundamental work of Arnold Sommerfeld and David Hestenes formulating theoretical physics in terms of Minkowski space-time geometry. We see how the standard matrix version of the Dirac equation can be reformulated in terms of a real space-time algebra, thus revealing a geometric meaning for the ''number i'' in quantum mechanics. Next, it is examined in some detail how electroweak theory can be integrated into the Dirac theory and this way interpreted in terms of space-time geometry. Finally, some implications for quantum electrodynamics are considered.The presentation of real quantum electromagnetism is expressed in an addendum. The book covers both the use of the complex and the real languages and allows the reader acquainted with the first language to make a step by step translation to the second one. (orig.)

Boudet, Roger [Univ. de Provence, Bassan (France)

2011-07-01

319

Quantum Mechanics in the Geometry of Space-Time Elementary Theory  

CERN Document Server

This book continues the fundamental work of Arnold Sommerfeld and David Hestenes formulating theoretical physics in terms of Minkowski space-time geometry. We see how the standard matrix version of the Dirac equation can be reformulated in terms of a real space-time algebra, thus revealing a geometric meaning for the “number i” in quantum mechanics. Next, it is examined in some detail how electroweak theory can be integrated into the Dirac theory and this way interpreted in terms of space-time geometry. Finally, some implications for quantum electrodynamics are considered.The presentation of real quantum electromagnetism is expressed in an addendum. The book covers both the use of the complex and the real languages and allows the reader acquainted with the first language to make a step by step translation to the second one.

Boudet, Roger

2011-01-01

320

Rationality, Theory Acceptance and Decision Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following Kuhn's main thesis according to which theory revision and acceptance is always paradigm relative, I propose to outline some possible consequences of such a view. First, asking the question in what sense Bayesian decision theory could serve as the appropriate (normative theory of rationality examined from the point of view of the epistemology of theory acceptance, I argue that Bayesianism leads to a narrow conception of theory acceptance. Second, regarding the different types of theory revision, i.e. expansion, contraction, replacement and residuals shifts, I extract from Kuhn's view a series of indications showing that theory replacement cannot be rationalized within the framework of Bayesian decision theory, not even within a more sophisticated version of that model. Third, and finally, I will point to the need for a more comprehensive model of rationality than the Bayesian expected utility maximization model, the need for a model which could better deal with the different aspects of theory replacement. I will show that Kuhn's distinction between normal and revolutionary science gives us several hints for a more adequate theory of rationality in science. I will also show that Kuhn is not in a position to fully articulate his main ideas and that he well be confronted with a serious problem concerning collective choice of a paradigm.

J. Nicolas Kaufmann

1998-06-01

 
 
 
 
321

Descriptive set theory  

CERN Multimedia

Now available in paperback, this monograph is a self-contained exposition of the main results and methods of descriptive set theory. It develops all the necessary background material from logic and recursion theory, and treats both classical descriptive set theory and the effective theory developed by logicians.

Moschovakis, YN

1987-01-01

322

A theory of everything?  

CERN Multimedia

In his later years, Einstein sought a unified theory that would extend general relativity and provide an alternative to quantum theory. There is now talk of a "theory of everything"; fifty years after his death, how close are we to such a theory? (3 pages)

't Hooft, Gerardus; Witten, Edward

2005-01-01

323

Abstracting over Semantic Theories  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The topic of this thesis is abstraction over theories of formal semantics for natural language.It is motivated by the belief that a metatheoretical perspective can contribute both to a better theoretical understanding of semantic theories, and to improved practical mechanisms for developing theories of semantics and combining them with theories of syntax.

Holt, Alexander G. B.

1993-01-01

324

Constructivist Grounded Theory?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In meinem Beitrag greife ich zurück auf den ausgezeichneten und inspirierenden Artikel von CHARMAZ zu konstruktivistischer Grounded Theory, um an diesem Beispiel zu diskutieren, dass und warum die Grounded Theory kein konstruktivistisches Unterfangen ist. Ich versuche zu zeigen, dass "konstruktivistische Daten" bzw. konstruktivistische Anwendungen der Grounded Theory, sofern sie überhaupt existieren bzw. sinnvoll sein könnten, nur einen verschwindend kleinen Teil der Grounded Theory ausmac...

Glaser, Barney G.

2002-01-01

325

Fowler Prize for Astronomy: Dr Sarah Bridle; Fowler Prize for Geophysics: Dr David Tsiklauri; The Jackson-Gwilt Medal: Prof. Peter Ade; Award for Service: Prof. Sir Arnold Wolfendale  

Science.gov (United States)

The Fowler Prize for Astronomy is given to Dr Sarah Bridle of University College London. The Fowler Prize for Geophysics is given to Dr David Tsiklauri of the University of Salford. The Jackson-Gwilt Medal is awarded to Prof. Peter Ade of Cardiff University. The Award for Service to Astronomy is given to Prof. Sir Arnold Wolfendale of Durham University.

2009-02-01

326

Going beyond perturbation theory: Parametric Perturbation Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We devise a {\\sl non--perturbative} method, called {\\sl Parametric Perturbation Theory} (PPT), which is alternative to the ordinary perturbation theory. The method relies on a principle of simplicity for the observable solutions, which are constrained to be linear in a certain (unphysical) parameter. The perturbative expansion is carried out in this parameter and not in the physical coupling (as in ordinary perturbation theory). We provide a number of nontrivial examples, wh...

Amore, Paolo

2007-01-01

327

Galois theory in bicategories  

CERN Document Server

We develop a Galois (descent) theory for comonads within the framework of bicategories. We give generalizations of Beck's theorem and the Joyal-Tierney theorem. Many examples are provided, including classical descent theory, Hopf-Galois theory over Hopf algebras and Hopf algebroids, Galois theory for corings and group-corings, and Morita-Takeuchi theory for corings. As an application we construct a new type of comatrix corings based on (dual) quasi bialgebras.

Gomez-Torrecillas, Jose

2007-01-01

328

Gauge theory loop operators and Liouville theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We propose a correspondence between loop operators in a family of four dimensional N=2 gauge theories on S4 - including Wilson, 't Hooft and dyonic operators - and Liouville theory loop operators on a Riemann surface. This extends the beautiful relation between the partition function of these N=2 gauge theories and Liouville correlators found by Alday, Gaiotto and Tachikawa. We show that the computation of these Liouville correlators with the insertion of a Liouville loop operator reproduces Pestun's formula capturing the expectation value of a Wilson loop operator in the corresponding gauge theory. We prove that our definition of Liouville loop operators is invariant under modular transformations, which given our correspondence, implies the conjectured action of S-duality on the gauge theory loop operators. Our computations in Liouville theory make an explicit prediction for the exact expectation value of 't Hooft and dyonic loop operators in these N=2 gauge theories. The Liouville loop operators are also found to admit a simple geometric interpretation within quantum Teichmueller theory as the quantum operators representing the length of geodesics. We study the algebra of Liouville loop operators and show that it gives evidence for our proposal as well as providing definite predictions for the operator product expansion of loop operators in gauge theory. (orig.)

2009-01-01

329

Gauge theory loop operators and Liouville theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We propose a correspondence between loop operators in a family of four dimensional N=2 gauge theories on S{sup 4} - including Wilson, 't Hooft and dyonic operators - and Liouville theory loop operators on a Riemann surface. This extends the beautiful relation between the partition function of these N=2 gauge theories and Liouville correlators found by Alday, Gaiotto and Tachikawa. We show that the computation of these Liouville correlators with the insertion of a Liouville loop operator reproduces Pestun's formula capturing the expectation value of a Wilson loop operator in the corresponding gauge theory. We prove that our definition of Liouville loop operators is invariant under modular transformations, which given our correspondence, implies the conjectured action of S-duality on the gauge theory loop operators. Our computations in Liouville theory make an explicit prediction for the exact expectation value of 't Hooft and dyonic loop operators in these N=2 gauge theories. The Liouville loop operators are also found to admit a simple geometric interpretation within quantum Teichmueller theory as the quantum operators representing the length of geodesics. We study the algebra of Liouville loop operators and show that it gives evidence for our proposal as well as providing definite predictions for the operator product expansion of loop operators in gauge theory. (orig.)

Drukker, Nadav [Humboldt Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Gomis, Jaume; Okuda, Takuda [Perimeter Inst. for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON (Canada); Teschner, Joerg [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

2009-10-15

330

Advanced classical field theory  

CERN Multimedia

Contemporary quantum field theory is mainly developed as quantization of classical fields. Therefore, classical field theory and its BRST extension is the necessary step towards quantum field theory. This book aims to provide a complete mathematical foundation of Lagrangian classical field theory and its BRST extension for the purpose of quantization. Based on the standard geometric formulation of theory of nonlinear differential operators, Lagrangian field theory is treated in a very general setting. Reducible degenerate Lagrangian theories of even and odd fields on an arbitrary smooth manifold are considered. The second Noether theorems generalized to these theories and formulated in the homology terms provide the strict mathematical formulation of BRST extended classical field theory

Giachetta, Giovanni; Sardanashvily, Gennadi

2009-01-01

331

[Topics in field theory and string theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the past year, I have continued to investigate the relations between conformal field theories and lattice statistical mechanical models. I have also tried to extend some of these results to higher dimensions and to find applications in string theories and other contexts

1989-01-01

332

Separation-individuation theory and attachment theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

Separation-individuation and attachment theories are compared and assessed in the context of psychoanalytic developmental theory and their application to clinical work. As introduced by Margaret Mahler and John Bowlby, respectively, both theories were initially regarded as diverging from traditional views. Separation-individuation theory, though it has had to be corrected in important respects, and attachment theory, despite certain limitations, have nonetheless enriched psychoanalytic thought. Without attachment an infant would die, and with severely insecure attachment is at greater risk for serious disorders. Development depends on continued attachment to a responsive and responsible caregiver. Continued attachment to the primary object was regarded by Mahler as as intrinsic to the process of separation-individuation. Attachment theory does not account for the essential development of separateness, and separation-individuation is important for the promotion of autonomy, independence, and identity. Salient historical and theoretical issues are addressed, including the renewed interest in attachment theory and the related decline of interest in separation-individuation theory. PMID:15222460

Blum, Harold P

2004-01-01

333

f(R) theories  

CERN Document Server

Over the past decade, f(R) theories have been extensively studied as one of the simplest modifications to General Relativity. In this article we review various applications of f(R) theories to cosmology and gravity--such as inflation, dark energy, local gravity constraints, cosmological perturbations, and spherically symmetric solutions in weak and strong gravitational backgrounds. We present a number of ways to distinguish those theories from General Relativity observationally and experimentally. We also discuss the extension to other modified gravity theories such as Brans-Dicke theory, Gauss-Bonnet gravity, extra dimensional models, Galileon theory, and address models that can satisfy both cosmological and local gravity constraints.

De Felice, Antonio

2010-01-01

334

Quantum potential theory  

CERN Multimedia

This volume contains the revised and completed notes of lectures given at the school "Quantum Potential Theory: Structure and Applications to Physics," held at the Alfried-Krupp-Wissenschaftskolleg in Greifswald from February 26 to March 10, 2007. Quantum potential theory studies noncommutative (or quantum) analogs of classical potential theory. These lectures provide an introduction to this theory, concentrating on probabilistic potential theory and it quantum analogs, i.e. quantum Markov processes and semigroups, quantum random walks, Dirichlet forms on C* and von Neumann algebras, and boundary theory. Applications to quantum physics, in particular the filtering problem in quantum optics, are also presented.

Schürmann, Michael

2008-01-01

335

Higher Topos Theory  

CERN Document Server

Higher category theory is generally regarded as technical and forbidding, but part of it is considerably more tractable: the theory of infinity-categories, higher categories in which all higher morphisms are assumed to be invertible. In Higher Topos Theory, Jacob Lurie presents the foundations of this theory, using the language of weak Kan complexes introduced by Boardman and Vogt, and shows how existing theorems in algebraic topology can be reformulated and generalized in the theory's new language. The result is a powerful theory with applications in many areas of mathematics. The book's firs

Lurie, Jacob

2009-01-01

336

Some Worlds of Quantum Theory  

CERN Multimedia

This paper assesses the Everettian approach to the measurement problem, especially the version of that approach advocated by Simon Saunders and David Wallace. I emphasise conceptual, indeed metaphysical, aspects rather than technical ones; but I include an introductory exposition of decoherence. In particular, I discuss whether -- as these authors maintain -- it is acceptable to have no precise definition of 'branch' (in the Everettian kind of sense).

Butterfield, J

2001-01-01

337

Theories of Career Development. A Comparison of the Theories.  

Science.gov (United States)

These seven theories of career development are examined in previous chapters: (1) Roe's personality theory, (2) Holland's career typology theory, (3) the Ginzberg, Ginsburg, Axelrod, and Herma Theory, (4) psychoanalytic conceptions, (5) Super's developmental self-concept theory, (6) other personality theories, and (7) social systems theories.…

Osipow, Samuel H.

338

The Global Approach to Quantum Field Theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Parts I and II develop the basic classical and quantum kinematics of fields and other dynamical systems. The presentation is conducted in the utmost generality, allowing for dynamical quantities that may be anticommuting (supernumbers) and theories subject to the most general possible gauge symmetry. The basic ingredients are action functionals and the Peierls bracket, a manifestly covariant replacement for the Poisson bracket and equal-time commutation relations. For DeWitt the logical progression is Peierls bracket ? Schwinger action principle ? Feynman functional integral although he points out that the historical development was in the opposite order. It must be pointed out that the Peierls-Schwinger-DeWitt approach, despite some advantages over initial-value formulations, has some troubles of its own. In particular, it has never completely escaped from the arena of scattering theory, the paradigm of conventional particle physics. One is naturally led to study matrix elements between an 'in-vacuum' and an 'out-vacuum' though such concepts are murky in situations, such as big bangs and black holes, where the ambient geometry is not asymptotically static in the far past and future. The newest material in the treatise appears in two chapters in part II devoted to the interpretation of quantum theory, incorporating some unpublished work of David Deutsch on the meaning of probability in physics. Parts III through V apply the formalism in depth to successively more difficult classes of systems: quantum mechanics, linear (free) fields, and interacting fields. DeWitt's characteristic tools of effective actions, heat kernels, and ghost fields are developed. Chapters 26 and 31 outline new approaches developed in collaboration with DeWitt's recent students C Molina-Paris and C Y Wang, respectively. The most of parts VI and VII consist of special topics, such as anomalies, particle creation by external fields, Unruh acceleration temperature, black holes, and Euclideanization. Chapter 30, on black holes and Hawking radiation, will be very familiar to readers of DeWitt's influential review article. Chapter 28, on anomalies, makes a careful distinction (missing from many treatments) between 'critical' anomalies, which render equations of motion inconsistent in the (would-be) quantum theory, and harmless anomalies that merely invalidate predictions that would classically follow from certain symmetries. Examples of critical anomalies are the chiral anomaly of a spinor field coupled to a non-Abelian gauge field and the anomaly in the conservation law of the stress tensor of certain pathological theories. DeWitt's chapter calculates the trace and chiral anomalies in detail. The last two chapters of part VII treat the most important particular quantum field theories. Chapter 34 develops many of the textbook predictions of quantum eletrodynamics from DeWitt's starting point. Chapter 35 covers Yang-Mills fields and quantum gravity. The discussion of gravity is surprisingly brief, in view of DeWitt's lifelong preoccupation with that subject. He rejects renormalizable fourth-order modifications of four-dimensional gravity because he could not stomach unfriendly ghosts (states of negative norm or unboundedly negative energy) nor the technical difficulties of integrating such theories into the functional-integral formalism. Finally, there is part VIII, entitled 'Examples. Simple Exercises in the Use of the Global Formalism'. It consists of 25 short chapters numbered separately from those of the main text. The preface recommends reading these and the main text in parallel. Most valuable in my opinion is a string of successively more complicated fermionic models. Hidden in an appendix is a crucial motivational paragraph: Super Hilbert spaces are generalizations of ordinary Hilbert spaces, designed so as to enable one to consider quantum systems with supernumber-valued parameters (e.g., a-type external sources) which, themselves, are introduced in order to present, in a compact algebraic way, certain relationships between real physical ampli

2006-05-21

339

The Global Approach to Quantum Field Theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Parts I and II develop the basic classical and quantum kinematics of fields and other dynamical systems. The presentation is conducted in the utmost generality, allowing for dynamical quantities that may be anticommuting (supernumbers) and theories subject to the most general possible gauge symmetry. The basic ingredients are action functionals and the Peierls bracket, a manifestly covariant replacement for the Poisson bracket and equal-time commutation relations. For DeWitt the logical progression is Peierls bracket {yields} Schwinger action principle {yields} Feynman functional integral although he points out that the historical development was in the opposite order. It must be pointed out that the Peierls-Schwinger-DeWitt approach, despite some advantages over initial-value formulations, has some troubles of its own. In particular, it has never completely escaped from the arena of scattering theory, the paradigm of conventional particle physics. One is naturally led to study matrix elements between an 'in-vacuum' and an 'out-vacuum' though such concepts are murky in situations, such as big bangs and black holes, where the ambient geometry is not asymptotically static in the far past and future. The newest material in the treatise appears in two chapters in part II devoted to the interpretation of quantum theory, incorporating some unpublished work of David Deutsch on the meaning of probability in physics. Parts III through V apply the formalism in depth to successively more difficult classes of systems: quantum mechanics, linear (free) fields, and interacting fields. DeWitt's characteristic tools of effective actions, heat kernels, and ghost fields are developed. Chapters 26 and 31 outline new approaches developed in collaboration with DeWitt's recent students C Molina-Paris and C Y Wang, respectively. The most of parts VI and VII consist of special topics, such as anomalies, particle creation by external fields, Unruh acceleration temperature, black holes, and Euclideanization. Chapter 30, on black holes and Hawking radiation, will be very familiar to readers of DeWitt's influential review article. Chapter 28, on anomalies, makes a careful distinction (missing from many treatments) between 'critical' anomalies, which render equations of motion inconsistent in the (would-be) quantum theory, and harmless anomalies that merely invalidate predictions that would classically follow from certain symmetries. Examples of critical anomalies are the chiral anomaly of a spinor field coupled to a non-Abelian gauge field and the anomaly in the conservation law of the stress tensor of certain pathological theories. DeWitt's chapter calculates the trace and chiral anomalies in detail. The last two chapters of part VII treat the most important particular quantum field theories. Chapter 34 develops many of the textbook predictions of quantum eletrodynamics from DeWitt's starting point. Chapter 35 covers Yang-Mills fields and quantum gravity. The discussion of gravity is surprisingly brief, in view of DeWitt's lifelong preoccupation with that subject. He rejects renormalizable fourth-order modifications of four-dimensional gravity because he could not stomach unfriendly ghosts (states of negative norm or unboundedly negative energy) nor the technical difficulties of integrating such theories into the functional-integral formalism. Finally, there is part VIII, entitled 'Examples. Simple Exercises in the Use of the Global Formalism'. It consists of 25 short chapters numbered separately from those of the main text. The preface recommends reading these and the main text in parallel. Most valuable in my opinion is a string of successively more complicated fermionic models. Hidden in an appendix is a crucial motivational paragraph: Super Hilbert spaces are generalizations of ordinary Hilbert spaces, designed so as to enable one to consider quantum systems with supernumber-valued parameters (e.g., a-type external sources) which, themselves, are introduced in order to presen

Fulling, S A [Texas A and M University (United States)

2006-05-21

340

Theory Presentation Combinators  

CERN Document Server

We motivate and give semantics to theory presentation combinators as the foundational building blocks for a scalable library of theories. The key observation is that the category of contexts and fibered categories are the ideal theoretical tools for this purpose.

Carette, Jacques

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Introduction to percolation theory  

CERN Multimedia

Percolation theory deals with clustering, criticallity, diffusion, fractals, phase transitions and disordered systems. This book covers the basic theory for the graduate, and also professionals dealing with it for the first time

Stauffer, Dietrich

1991-01-01

342

Wikipedia: Graph Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on the knowledge of the people, Wikipedia presents this site on graph theory. Here, the history, problems, and applications of graph theory are explained, and there are links to other print and online resources for more information.

1969-12-31

343

Covariant Noncommutative Field Theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The covariant approach to noncommutative field and gauge theories is revisited. In the process the formalism is applied to field theories invariant under diffeomorphisms. Local differentiable forms are defined in this context. The lagrangian and hamiltonian formalism is consistently introduced

2008-07-02

344

Aplicación del diccionario del algoritmo David Liberman para la realización de un estudio comparativo / The dictionary application in a comparative study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El algoritmo David Liberman ha permitido llevar a cabo un estudio de los actos del habla y de ciertas escenas de fragmentos del texto Despertar de primavera de Frank Wedekind. Se han inferido las mociones del lenguaje de pulsión y sus destinos, estados y funciones, de un personaje adolescente: Wendl [...] a y de los vínculos con su madre, una amiga, y un joven llamado Melchor. El análisis, diferenciación e identificación del esfuerzo de ciertos lenguajes de pulsión, destinos, funciones y estados, junto con la indagación de las actividades retóricas que operan como evidencia de los actos del pensar defensivo, han permitido acceder a la comprensión de los efectos del vínculo sacrificial y tóxico, al cual Wendla es convocada por su madre, la Sra. Bergmann, para mantener un precario equilibrio entre ambas, que se exterioriza en los actos del habla y en las escenas conjeturadas. En este contexto se recurre a otro instrumento del Algoritmo para el análisis del discurso de los diversos fragmentos del texto de Wedekind: el diccionario. Se procura efectuar un estudio comparativo entre los resultados obtenidos previamente y los brindados por esta herramienta de trabajo, a fin de establecer similitudes y diferencias, y extraer las conclusiones pertinentes. Abstract in english The David Liberman algorithm has allowed carrying out a study of acts of speech and certain scenes of fragments of the Awakening of Spring by Frank Wedekind. In it were inferred the motions of the drive languages and their destinies, the states and functions of a teenage character: Wendla and the li [...] nks with her mother, a friend, and a young man named Melchor. The analysis, differentiation and identification of the effort of certain languages of drives, destinies, roles and states, along with the inquiry of rhetorical activities that operate as evidence of the defensive acts of thought have allowed to achieve an understanding of the effects of the sacrificial and toxic link, in which Wendla is engrossed by her mother, Mrs. Bergmann, to keep a precarious balance between both, that is externalized in the speech acts and inferred scenes. In this context another instrument of the algorithm is appealed to for the analysis of discourse of the various fragments of the Wedekind text: the dictionary. A comparative study between the results obtained previously and those provided by this tool is carried out in order to establish similarities and differences, and draw the pertinent conclusions.

Diego, Moreira.

345

Algorithmic information theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining 'information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are fundamentally different. We indicate how recent developments within the theory allow one to formally distinguish between 'structural' (meaningful) and 'random' information as measured by the Kolmo...

2008-01-01

346

Algorithmic information theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining `information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are fundamentally different. We indicate how recent developments within the theory allow one to formally distinguish between `structural' (meaningful) and `random' information as measured by the Kolmo...

2008-01-01

347

Massive spin-2 theories  

CERN Document Server

We give an introduction to massive spin-2 theories (including massive gravity) and the problem of their non-linear completion. We review the Boulware-Deser ghost problem and two ways to circumvent classic no-go theorems. In turn, massive spin-2 theories are not uniquely defined. In the case of truncated theories, we show that the Boulware-Deser ghost may only be avoided if the derivative structure of the theory is not tuned to be Einsteinian.

Folkerts, Sarah; Wintergerst, Nico

2014-01-01

348

Polymer adsorption theory.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The work presented in this thesis is based on the theory for polymer adsorption by Scheutjens and Fleer (SF). Roughly, the thesis can be divided into two parts: the first two chapters consider the original theory from a new viewpoint, attempting to find universal laws and to establish connections with analytical theories. The last three chapters are devoted to extensions of the theory to more intricate systems.In chapter 1 polymer adsorption from dilute solution is studied. We try to find the...

Linden, C. C.

1995-01-01

349

Vygotsky theories & meaningful relationships  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This Project contains two main topics: "The Vygotsky Theories" and "Meaningful Relationships". Both were selected to be taught to teachers, principals, managing officials and supervisors in Mexico's context, all of which will be done in workshops under my supervision and care. The first theme: "The Vygotsky's Theories" explains his Theories and Notions on "Early Childhood Education", "Social Development Theory"; "Learning and Development of Preschool Children" and "The Zone of Proximal Develo...

Robert, Michelle Suzanne

2005-01-01

350

Problems in particle theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Areas of emphasis include acceleration algorithms for the Monte Carlo analysis of lattice field and gauge theories, quaternionic generalizations of complex quantum mechanics and field theory, application of the renormalization group to the QCD phase transition, the quantum Hall effect, and black holes. Other work involved string theory, statistical properties of energy levels in integrable quantum systems, baryon asymmetry and the electroweak phase transition, anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background, and theory of superconductors

1993-01-01

351

Electron atom scattering theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the general theory of low energy scattering of electrons by atoms and ions. A survey of the theory of electron impact ionization is presented with emphasis on excitation-autoionization and the threshold behavior of the cross section. A brief discussion of multichannel quantum defect theory is given. A summary of theories are presented which enable electron impact processes at intermediate energies to be described. The lectures are illustrated throughout with examples of the comparison between theoretical prediction and experiment

1985-01-01

352

Constructivist Grounded Theory?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractI refer to and use as scholarly inspiration Charmaz’s excellent article on constructivist grounded theory as a tool of getting to the fundamental issues on why grounded theory is not constructivist. I show that constructivist data, if it exists at all, is a very, very small part of the data that grounded theory uses.

Barney G. Glaser, PhD, Hon. PhD

2012-06-01

353

Introduction to ?-tilting theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

From the viewpoint of mutation, we will give a brief survey of tilting theory and cluster-tilting theory together with a motivation from cluster algebras. Then we will give an introduction to ?-tilting theory which was recently developed. PMID:24982183

Iyama, Osamu; Reiten, Idun

2014-07-01

354

Cosmological perturbation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The linear perturbation theory of spatially homogeneous and isotropic universes is reviewed and reformulated extensively. In the first half of the article, a gauge-invariant formulation of the theory is carried out with special attention paid to the geometrical meaning of the perturbation. In the second half of the article, the application of the theory to some important cosmological models is discussed. (author)

1985-01-01

355

Theories of fermion masses  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present grand unified theories in which the quark masses and mixing angles are calculated in terms of the lepton masses through simple group theory. The theories contain no small Yukawa couplings. A favored value of the top quark mass is 35 GeV

1984-04-12

356

Theories of fermion masses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present grand unified theories in which the quark masses and mixing angles are calculated in terms of the lepton masses through simple group theory. The theories contain no small Yukawa couplings. A favored value of the top quark mass is 35 GeV.

Bagger, J.; Dimopoulos, S.; Georgi, H.; Raby, S.

1984-05-01

357

Superspace conformal field theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Conformal sigma models and WZW models on coset superspaces provide important examples of logarithmic conformal field theories. They possess many applications to problems in string and condensed matter theory. We review recent results and developments, including the general construction of WZW models on type I supergroups, the classification of conformal sigma models and their embedding into string theory.

Quella, Thomas [Koeln Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Schomerus, Volker [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

2013-07-15

358

Low energy superstring theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author derives two methods for determining the symmetry breaking of E/sub 6/ in the low energy superstring theory, and classify all breaking patterns. A method for calculating the effective vacuum expectation values is presented. He shows that there are theories with naturally light SU/sub 2//sup w/ Higgs doublets, and classify all theories in which this occurs

1986-01-01

359

Multilingual Reading Theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

Considers how theory might move multilingual literacy research forward. Discusses implications of considering greater emphasis on multilingual literacy theory development. Concludes that increased attention to multilingual literacy theory might enrich understandings of multilingual learners' literacy in many ways, most especially by leading…

Fitzgerald, Jill

2003-01-01

360

Topological Domain Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis presents Topological Domain Theory as a powerful and flexible framework for denotational semantics. Topological Domain Theory models a wide range of type constructions and can interpret many computational features. Furthermore, it has close connections to established frameworks for denotational semantics, as well as to well-studied mathematical theories, such as topology and computable analysis.

Battenfeld, Ingo

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Superspace conformal field theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Conformal sigma models and WZW models on coset superspaces provide important examples of logarithmic conformal field theories. They possess many applications to problems in string and condensed matter theory. We review recent results and developments, including the general construction of WZW models on type I supergroups, the classification of conformal sigma models and their embedding into string theory.

2013-01-01

362

Lattice gauge theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

After a description of a pure Yang-Mills theory on a lattice, the author considers a three-dimensional pure U(1) lattice gauge theory. Thereafter he discusses the exact relation between lattice gauge theories with the gauge groups SU(2) and SO(3). Finally he presents Monte Carlo data on phase transitions in SU(2) and SO(3) lattice gauge models. (HSI)

1981-08-20

363

Geometric theory of gravitation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The problem of geometric gravitation theory is discussed. An important geometric object - affine connection - is lost in the Einstein gravitation theory. It is noted that the detection of the lost object allows one to make the theory quite geometric. 1 ref

1988-10-11

364

Endogenous Prospect Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In previous models of (cumulative) prospect theory reference-dependence of preferences is imposed beforehand and the location of the reference point is exogenously determined. This paper provides an axiomatization of a new specification of cumulative prospect theory, termed endogenous prospect theory, where reference-dependence is derived from preference conditions and a unique reference point arises endogenously.

2010-01-01

365

Analytic number theory  

CERN Document Server

The book includes several survey articles on prime numbers, divisor problems, and Diophantine equations, as well as research papers on various aspects of analytic number theory such as additive problems, Diophantine approximations and the theory of zeta and L-function Audience Researchers and graduate students interested in recent development of number theory

Matsumoto, Kohji

2002-01-01

366

La theorie autrement (Theory in Another Light).  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines a technique using articles from "Le Francais dans le Monde" to teach reading comprehension and theory simultaneously to teachers of French as a second language. Describes a program in Italy using this approach. (MSE)

Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige

1985-01-01

367

Generalized Descriptive Set Theory and Classification Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Descriptive set theory is mainly concerned with studying subsets of the space of all countable binary sequences. In this paper we study the generalization where countable is replaced by uncountable. We explore properties of generalized Baire and Cantor spaces, equivalence relations and their Borel reducibility. The study shows that the descriptive set theory looks very different in this generalized setting compared to the classical, countable case. We also draw the connectio...

Friedman, Sy-david; Hyttinen, Tapani; Kulikov, Vadim

2012-01-01

368

Skill reputation, prospect theory, and regret theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

When a risky decision involves both skill and chance, success or failure is a signal of the decision maker's skill. Adopting standard models from the career concerns literature, we show that a rational desire to avoid looking unskilled may help explain several anomalies associated with prospect theory, including probability weighting, loss aversion, and framing. Prospect theory's four-fold pattern of probability weighting predicts that decision makers favor long-shots, avoid near sure-things,...

Harbaugh, Richmond; Claremont Institute for Economic Policy Studies

2002-01-01

369

Algorithmic information theory  

CERN Document Server

We introduce algorithmic information theory, also known as the theory of Kolmogorov complexity. We explain the main concepts of this quantitative approach to defining `information'. We discuss the extent to which Kolmogorov's and Shannon's information theory have a common purpose, and where they are fundamentally different. We indicate how recent developments within the theory allow one to formally distinguish between `structural' (meaningful) and `random' information as measured by the Kolmogorov structure function, which leads to a mathematical formalization of Occam's razor in inductive inference. We end by discussing some of the philosophical implications of the theory.

Grunwald, Peter D

2008-01-01

370

f(R) Theories  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past decade, f(R) theories have been extensively studied as one of the simplest modifications to General Relativity. In this article we review various applications of f(R) theories to cosmology and gravity - such as inflation, dark energy, local gravity constraints, cosmological perturbations, and spherically symmetric solutions in weak and strong gravitational backgrounds. We present a number of ways to distinguish those theories from General Relativity observationally and experimentally. We also discuss the extension to other modified gravity theories such as Brans-Dicke theory and Gauss-Bonnet gravity, and address models that can satisfy both cosmological and local gravity constraints.

de Felice, Antonio; Tsujikawa, Shinji

2010-06-01

371

f(R Theories  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the past decade, f(R theories have been extensively studied as one of the simplest modifications to General Relativity. In this article we review various applications of f(R theories to cosmology and gravity – such as inflation, dark energy, local gravity constraints, cosmological perturbations, and spherically symmetric solutions in weak and strong gravitational backgrounds. We present a number of ways to distinguish those theories from General Relativity observationally and experimentally. We also discuss the extension to other modified gravity theories such as Brans–Dicke theory and Gauss–Bonnet gravity, and address models that can satisfy both cosmological and local gravity constraints.

Antonio De Felice

2010-06-01

372

Finite quantum field theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We investigate the relation between finiteness of a four-dimensional quantum field theory and global supersymmetry. To this end we consider the most general quantum field theory and analyze the finiteness conditions resulting from the requirement of the absence of divergent contributions to the renormalizations of the parameters of the theory. In addition to the gauge bosons, both fermions and scalar bosons turn out to be a necessary ingredient in a nontrivial finite gauge theory. In all cases discussed, the supersymmetric theory restricted by two well-known constraints on the dimensionless couplings proves to be the unique solution of the finiteness conditions

1986-08-15

373

Model theory and modules  

CERN Document Server

In recent years the interplay between model theory and other branches of mathematics has led to many deep and intriguing results. In this, the first book on the topic, the theme is the interplay between model theory and the theory of modules. The book is intended to be a self-contained introduction to the subject and introduces the requisite model theory and module theory as it is needed. Dr Prest develops the basic ideas concerning what can be said about modules using the information which may be expressed in a first-order language. Later chapters discuss stability-theoretic aspects of module

Prest, M

1988-01-01

374

Game theory an introduction  

CERN Multimedia

An exciting new edition of the popular introduction to game theory and its applications The thoroughly expanded Second Edition presents a unique, hands-on approach to game theory. While most books on the subject are too abstract or too basic for mathematicians, Game Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition offers a blend of theory and applications, allowing readers to use theory and software to create and analyze real-world decision-making models. With a rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of mathematics, the book focuses on results that can be used to

Barron, E N

2013-01-01

375

Diversidad, distribución de la comunidad de insectos acuáticos y calidad del agua de la parte alta-media del río David, provincia de Chiriquí, república de Panamá  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se determinó la calidad del agua, la diversidad y distribución de los insectos acuáticos en la parte alta­media del río David, Chiriquí, Panamá, de enero a mayo de 2005. Las muestras se recolectaron con pinzas entomológicas para obtener los insectos refugiados bajo rocas y en hojarasca, y una red triangular (D­ net para capturar los insectos nadadores en la superficie y en la columna de agua, barridos de fondo y la vegetación marginal sumergida. Los especímenes se colocaron en alcohol al 70% con unas gotas de glicerina. La comunidad de insectos acuáticos consistió de 91 géneros agrupados en 48 familias, pertenecientes a 9 órdenes de la Clase Insecta. El Índice de Diversidad de Shannon­ Weaver fue de 2.75, lo que demuestra una alta diversidad en este ecosistema. Los géneros Eurygerris sp. y Rhagovelia sp. fueron los más abundantes. El Índice de Similitud de Jaccard mostró la mayor similitud entre las estaciones 3 y 4 con un 53.7%, y la menor entre las estaciones 2 y 4, con un 34.7% de similitud. El índice biotico BMWP/Col. presentó valores de 189, 245, 245 y 190 en la estaciones 1, 2, 3 y 4, respectivamente. Estos valores lo ubican dentro de la Clase de agua I, e indica que las aguas son de buena calidad y que están libres de contaminación o poco alteradas.

Pino Selles Roberto

2011-11-01

376

David Murray Morton: father figure of surgery at St Vincent's Hospital, bush lawyer and thwarted reformer of the medico-legal system.  

Science.gov (United States)

When the first Golden Age of surgery at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne (a period covering the first 25 years of the twentieth century) is discussed, the names that spring to mind are usually those of Sir Thomas Dunhill, Sir Hugh Devine, Sir Douglas Shields and Julian Smith. A name which is often overlooked, and by now almost forgotten, is that of David Murray Morton. Murray -Morton's career both as a medical student, general practitioner, anaesthetist and surgeon coincided with a revolution in the practice of medicine. He witnessed the progression from Listerian antisepsis to asepsis in surgical practice, the improvements in anaesthesia, the introduction of antibiotics and, before he died in 1959, the beginnings of organ transplants and open heart surgery. Morton was fond of saying that he grew up with the hospital. From the time of his first appointment as an anaesthetist in l896 to the time of his retirement from St Vincent's as senior surgeon in 1931, Morton, admired by all as a highly competent surgeon and a man of incorruptible probity, can rightly be described as the father figure of surgery during the formative years of St Vincent's Hospital. His innate sense of justice and fair play formed the basis of his distinguished tenure of the Presidency of the Medical Defence Association of Victoria, where his constructive attempts at reform of the medico-legal system were only thwarted by the predictable opposition of the legal profession and politicians. PMID:12190734

Vellar, Ivo D

2002-08-01

377

EXPLORING THE NARRATIVE ART OF DAVID WI-ESNER: USING A GRAMMAR OF VISUAL DESIGN AND LEARNING EXPERIENCES ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses the use of ‘a grammar of visual design’ with children’s literature. This ‘visual grammar’ is an account of the meaning-making resources of images that has been developed by Gunther Kress and Theo van Leeuwen. The basic ideas of the visual grammar are firstly illustrated with a de-scription of images mainly selected from the picture book, Zoo by the British author, Anthony Browne. The focus is then on the picture books of David Wiesner and the ways in which the grammar of visual design can be used to enhance discussions of the author’s visual narrative techniques. What is proposed here is that developing students’ understanding of the Kress and van Leeuwen concepts of visual design will allow them to engage in more productive analysis of the pictorial aspects of Wiesner’s and other artists’ picture books, both in book format and in the readily available websites with activities using Wi-esner’s and others’ picture book art.

ISABEL ORTIGAS

2008-06-01

378

Congo, de missie en de literatuur: over David van Reybrouck, J. G. Schoup en Amaat Vyncke / Congo, the mission and the literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: Afrikaner Abstract in english Missionaries played an important role in the colonisation of the Congo. They brought Christianity and "civilisation" to the new colony in central Africa, which was ruled over by the Belgian King Leopold II from 1885 to 1908 and by the Belgian government from 1908 to 1960. Missionaries were active in [...] the field of education, but they also left their mark on colonial literature, both as authors and as protagonists. This article explores the traces of the missionaries in the literature on the Congo. Father Amaat Vyncke was an early example of a missionary and author, just as Father Garmijn and Father Constant de Deken. These missionaries provided a positive assessment on the colonial system in their writings. Writers like Ad. Verreet and J. G. Schoup used missionaries as protagonists in their novels. Schoup portrayed a sympathetic missionary who sharply criticised the colonial system. After the colonial period Jef Geeraerts painted a very negative image of the missionary in his Gangreen novels. However, the travel books written by Lieve Joris and Bart Castelein and the play Missie (Mission) written by David van Reybrouck (2007) sketched a positive and nostalgic image of the missionary.

Jacqueline, Bel.

379

Introduction to string theory  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is an introduction to string theory covering basic principles as well as advanced applications. The fundamental ideas behind string theory and how they are mathematically implemented is reviewed. The bosonic string is discussed and its problems are outlined. The five consistent superstring theories are introduced as well as their recently discovered relations through dualities. The black hole information paradox and how it is resolved by string theory is explained. There is also discussion about how ideas like holography and M-theory can lead us to physics beyond string theory. Finally, there is a brief review of the recent ideas of large extra dimensions that might lead to new possiblities for the experimental verification of string theory.

Danielsson, Ulf

2001-01-01

380

Axioms for quantum theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The first three of these axioms describe quantum theory and classical mechanics as statistical theories from the very beginning. With these, it can be shown in which sense a more general than the conventional measure theoretic probability theory is used in quantum theory. One gets this generalization defining transition probabilities on pairs of events (not sets of pairs) as a fundamental, not derived, concept. A comparison with standard theories of stochastic processes gives a very general formulation of the non existence of quantum theories with hidden variables. The Cartesian product of probability spaces can be given a natural algebraic structure, the structure of an orthocomplemented, orthomodular, quasimodular, not modular, not distributive lattice, which can be compared with the quantum logic (lattice of all closed subspaces of an infinite dimensional Hilbert space). It is shown how our given system of axioms suggests generalized quantum theories, especially Schroedinger equations, for phase space amplitudes. 38 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

1992-07-01

 
 
 
 
381

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye and Bruce W. Menning, eds., Reforming the Tsar's Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution, Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center and Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available David Schimmelpenninck and Bruce Menning have produced an excellent volume collecting contributions of a number of both well-established and junior scholars on the history and development of the tsarist military, grouped together around the general theme of reform. In some ways, it is comparable to Eric Lohr and Marshall Poe's complementary The Military and Society in Russia, 1450-1917 (Leiden, 2002. Schimmelpenninck and Menning's contributors, however, focus more on political and institutio...

David Stone

2006-11-01

382

Comment on "Entanglement and the Thermodynamic Arrow of Time" and Correct Reply on "Comment on "Quantum Solution to the Arrow-of-Time Dilemma"" of David Jennings and Terry Rudolph  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recently David Jennings and Terry Rudolph published two papers as reaction on Maccone's paper "Quantum Solution to the Arrow-of-Time Dilemma". In these papers, the authors suppose that second law of thermodynamics is not relevant for quantum systems. Unfortunately, these papers did not get relevant reply from Maccone. The reason of this is following. Both Maccone and the above-mentioned authors use thermodynamic law and thermodynamic-like terminology for non-thermodynamic sy...

Kupervasser, Oleg

2013-01-01

383

Gauge Theories of Gravitation  

CERN Document Server

During the last five decades, gravity, as one of the fundamental forces of nature, has been formulated as a gauge field theory of the Weyl-Cartan-Yang-Mills type. The resulting theory, the Poincar\\'e gauge theory of gravity, encompasses Einstein's gravitational theory as well as the teleparallel theory of gravity as subcases. In general, the spacetime structure is enriched by Cartan's torsion and the new theory can accommodate fermionic matter and its spin in a perfectly natural way. The present reprint volume contains articles from the most prominent proponents of the theory and is supplemented by detailed commentaries of the editors. This guided tour starts from special relativity and leads, in its first part, to general relativity and its gauge type extensions a la Weyl and Cartan. Subsequent stopping points are the theories of Yang-Mills and Utiyama and, as a particular vantage point, the theory of Sciama and Kibble. Later, the Poincar\\'e gauge theory and its generalizations are explored and specific topi...

Blagojevi?, Milutin

2012-01-01

384

Microcanonical quantum field theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Euclidean quantum field theory is equivalent to the equilibrium statistical mechanics of classical fields in 4+1 dimensions at temperature h. It is well known in statistical mechanics that the theory of systems at fixed temperature is embedded within the more general and fundamental theory of systems at fixed energy. We therefore develop, in precise analogy, a fixed action (macrocanonical) formulation of quantum field theory. For the case of ordinary renormalizable field theories, we show (with one exception) that the microcanonical is entirely equivalent to the canonical formulation. That is, for some particular fixed value of the total action, the Green's functions of the microcanonical theory are equal, in the bulk limit, to those of the canonical theory. The microcanonical perturbation expansion is developed in some detail for lambdaphi4. The particular value of the action for which the two formulations are equivalent can be calculated to all orders in perturbation theory. We prove, using Lehmann's Theorem, that this value is one-half Planck unit per degree of freedom, if fermionic degrees of freedom are counted negatively. This is the 4+1 dimensional analog of the equipartition theorem. The one exception to this is supersymmetric theories. A microcanonical formulation exists if and only if supersymmetry is broken. In statistical mechanics and in field theory there are systems for which the canonical description is pathological, but the microcanonical is not. An example of such a field theory is found in one dimension. A semiclassical expansion of the microcanonical theory is well defined, while an expansion of the canonical theory is hoplessly divergent

1983-04-01

385

Kontextualisierung von Queer Theory Contextualizing Queer Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Christine M. Klapeer legt in diesem Einführungsband dar, aus welchen politischen und theoretischen Kontexten heraus sich ‚queer‘ zu einem Begriff mit besonderem politischem und theoretischem Gehalt entwickelt hat. Wesentlich zielt sie dabei auf eine kritische Kontextualisierung von „queer theory”. Die Autorin geht zunächst auf das Gay Liberation Movement ein, grenzt die Queer Theory vom Poststrukturalismus, von feministischen Theorien und den Lesbian and Gay Studies ab, beleuchtet Eckpunkte queeren Denkens und zeichnet schließlich die Entwicklungen in Österreich sowohl politisch-rechtlich als auch bewegungsgeschichtlich und in der Wissenschaftslandschaft nach.Christine M. Klapeer’s introductory volume demonstrates the manner in which ‘queer’ grew out of various political and theoretical contexts to become a term with special political and theoretical content. She focuses primarily on a critical contextualization of “queer theory.” The author begins by approaching the Gay Liberation Movement and then distinguishes Queer Theory from poststructuralism, from feminist theories, and from Lesbian and Gay Studies. She continues on to illuminate the key aspects of queer thought and concludes by sketching the development in Austria in terms of politics and the law, the history of movements, and within the landscape of knowledge.

Anna Voigt

2008-03-01

386

Representation theory of finite groups  

CERN Document Server

Concise, graduate-level exposition of the theory of finite groups, including the theory of modular representations. Topics include representation theory of rings with identity, representation theory of finite groups, applications of the theory of characters, construction of irreducible representations and modular representations. Rudiments of linear algebra and knowledge of group theory helpful prerequisites.

Burrow, Martin

2011-01-01

387

Geometric Theory of Defects  

CERN Multimedia

We describe defects - dislocations and disclinations - in the framework of Riemann-Cartan geometry. Curvature and torsion tensors are interpreted as surface densities of Frank and Burgers vectors, respectively. We propose new expression for the free energy describing static distribution of defects. Equations of nonlinear elasticity theory are used to fix the coordinate system. The Lorentz gauge yields equations for the principal chiral SO(3)-field. In the absence of defects the geometric model reduces to the elasticity theory for the displacement vector field and to the principal chiral SO(3)-field model for the spin structure. The example of the wedge dislocation shows that the elasticity theory reproduces only the linear approximation of the geometric theory of defects. We show also that the equations of asymmetric elasticity theory for the Cosserat media are naturally embedded in the geometric theory of defects as the gauge conditions.

Katanaev, M O

2004-01-01

388

Group field theories  

CERN Document Server

Group field theories are particular quantum field theories defined on D copies of a group which reproduce spin foam amplitudes on a space-time of dimension D. In these lecture notes, we present the general construction of group field theories, merging ideas from tensor models and loop quantum gravity. This lecture is organized as follows. In the first section, we present basic aspects of quantum field theory and matrix models. The second section is devoted to general aspects of tensor models and group field theory and in the last section we examine properties of the group field formulation of BF theory and the EPRL model. We conclude with a few possible research topics, like the construction of a continuum limit based on the double scaling limit or the relation to loop quantum gravity through Schwinger-Dyson equations

Krajewski, Thomas

2012-01-01

389

String theory meets QCD  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

String theory began life in the late 1960s as an attempt to understand the properties of nuclear matter such as protons and neutrons. Although it was not successful it has since developed a life of its own as a possible theory of everything - with the potential to incorporate quantum gravity as well as the other forces of nature. However, in a remarkable about face in the last five years, it has now been discovered that string theory and the standard theory of nuclear matter - QCD - might in fact describe the same physics. This is an exciting development that was the centre of discussion at a major workshop in Seattle in February. After spending 30 years as a possible theory of everything, string theory is returning to its roots to describe the interactions of quarks and gluons. (U.K.)

2003-05-01

390

Stationary scattering theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A complementary approach to the time dependent scattering theory for one-body Schroedinger operators is presented. The stationary theory is concerned with objects of quantum theory like scattering waves and amplitudes. In the more recent abstract stationary theory some generalized form of the Lippman-Schwinger equation plays the basic role. Solving this equation leads to a linear map between generalized eigenfunctions of the perturbed and unperturbed operators. This map is the section at fixed energy of the wave-operator from the time dependent theory. Although the radiation condition does not appears explicitely in this formulation it can be shown to hold a posteriori in a variety of situations thus restoring the link with physical theories

1980-01-01

391

Locality in Theory Space  

CERN Multimedia

Locality is a guiding principle for constructing realistic quantum field theories. Compactified theories offer an interesting context in which to think about locality, since interactions can be nonlocal in the compact directions while still being local in the extended ones. In this paper, we study locality in "theory space", four-dimensional Lagrangians which are dimensional deconstructions of five-dimensional Yang-Mills. In explicit ultraviolet (UV) completions, one can understand the origin of theory space locality by the irrelevance of nonlocal operators. From an infrared (IR) point of view, though, theory space locality does not appear to be a special property, since the lowest-lying Kaluza-Klein (KK) modes are simply described by a gauged nonlinear sigma model, and locality imposes seemingly arbitrary constraints on the KK spectrum and interactions. We argue that these constraints are nevertheless important from an IR perspective, since they affect the four-dimensional cutoff of the theory where high ene...

Kahn, Yonatan

2012-01-01

392

Class field theory from theory to practice  

CERN Document Server

Global class field theory is a major achievement of algebraic number theory, based on the functorial properties of the reciprocity map and the existence theorem. The author works out the consequences and the practical use of these results by giving detailed studies and illustrations of classical subjects (classes, idèles, ray class fields, symbols, reciprocity laws, Hasse's principles, the Grunwald-Wang theorem, Hilbert's towers,...). He also proves some new or less-known results (reflection theorem, structure of the abelian closure of a number field) and lays emphasis on the invariant (/cal T) p, of abelian p-ramification, which is related to important Galois cohomology properties and p-adic conjectures. This book, intermediary between the classical literature published in the sixties and the recent computational literature, gives much material in an elementary way, and is suitable for students, researchers, and all who are fascinated by this theory. In the corrected 2nd printing 2005, the author improves s...

Gras, Georges

2003-01-01

393

Tumbling and Technicolor Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The extended technicolor theory is a candidate of the physics beyond the standard model. To explain the mass hierarchy of the quarks and leptons, the extended technicolor gauge symmetry must hierarchically break to the technicolor gauge symmetry. Tumbling gauge theory is considered as a candidate of the dynamics of such hierarchical symmetry breaking, since the sequential self-breaking of the gauge symmetry (``tumbling'') can be expected in that theory. It is well known that...

Kitazawa, Noriaki

1994-01-01

394

f(R) Theories  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Over the past decade, f(R) theories have been extensively studied as one of the simplest modifications to General Relativity. In this article we review various applications of f(R) theories to cosmology and gravity – such as inflation, dark energy, local gravity constraints, cosmological perturbations, and spherically symmetric solutions in weak and strong gravitational backgrounds. We present a number of ways to distinguish those theories from General Relativity observationally and experim...

2010-01-01

395

Scalar lattice gauge theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Scalar lattice gauge theories are models for scalar fields with local gauge symmetries. No fundamental gauge fields, or link variables in a lattice regularization, are introduced. The latter rather emerge as collective excitations composed from scalars. For suitable parameters scalar lattice gauge theories lead to confinement, with all continuum observables identical to usual lattice gauge theories. These models or their fermionic counterpart may be helpful for a realization...

Wetterich, C.

2012-01-01

396

Chiral perturbation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

After a general introduction to the structure of effective field theories, the main ingredients of chiral perturbation theory are reviewed. Applications include the light quark mass ratios and pion-pion scattering to two-loop accuracy. In the pion-nucleon system, the linear ? model is contrasted with chiral perturbation theory. The heavy-nucleon expansion is used to construct the effective pion-nucleon Lagrangian to third order in the low-energy expansion, with applications to nucleon Compton scattering. (author)

1996-01-01

397

Matrix String Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Via compactification on a circle, the matrix model of M-theory proposed by Banks et al suggests a concrete identification between the large N limit of two-dimensional N=8 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and type IIA string theory. In this paper we collect evidence that supports this identification. We explicitly identify the perturbative string states and their interactions, and describe the appearance of D-particle and D-membrane states.

Dijkgraaf, R.; Verlinde, E.; Verlinde, H.

1997-01-01

398

Matrix string theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Via compactification on a circle, the matrix model of M-theory proposed by Banks et al. suggests a concrete identification between the large N limit of two-dimensional N=8 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and type IIA string theory. In this paper we collect evidence that supports this identification. We explicitly identify the perturbative string states and their interactions, and describe the appearance of D-particle and D-membrane states. (orig.).

Dijkgraaf, R. [Amsterdam Univ. (Netherlands). Dept. of Mathematics; Verlinde, E. [TH-Division, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)]|[Institute for Theoretical Physics, Universtity of Utrecht, 3508 TA Utrecht (Netherlands); Verlinde, H. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, 1018 XE Amsterdam (Netherlands)

1997-09-01

399

The Tensor Theory Space  

CERN Document Server

The tensor track is a background-independent discretization of quantum gravity which includes a sum over all topologies. We discuss how to define a functional renormalization group flow and the Wetterich equation in the corresponding theory space. This space is different from the Einsteinian theory space of asymptotic safety. It includes all fixed-rank tensor-invariant interactions, hence generalizes matrix models and the (Moyal) non-commutative field theory space.

Rivasseau, Vincent

2014-01-01

400

Game Theory in Oligopoly  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The game theory techniques are used to find the equilibrium of a market. Game theory refers to the ways in which strategic interactions among economic agents produce outcomes with respect to the preferences (or utilities) of those agents, where the outcomes in question might have been intended by none of the agents. The oligopolistic market structures are taken and how game theory applies to them is explained.

Boopathi, Marx

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

String Theory Without Branes  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We present a class of solvable models that resemble string theories in many respects but have a strikingly different non-perturbative sector. In particular, there are no exponentially small contributions to perturbation theory in the string coupling, which normally are associated with branes and related objects. Perturbation theory is no longer an asymptotic expansion, and so can be completely re-summed to yield all the non-perturbative physics. We examine a number of other ...

Johnson, Clifford V.

2006-01-01

402

Hypertranscendental homotopy theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The hypertranscendental homotopy theory is considered as an alternative theory to interpret the critical phenomena in physics. The equivalent universality class, the hypertranscendental statistics and the harmonic oscillators are investigated by the totality of simplest hypertranscendental maps. A general formula has been derived to reexamine the possibility of reconstructing the foundation of stochastic quantum field theory under hypertranscendental homotopic group actions, and the classification of newly discovered biomolecules in vivo or in vitro

1998-06-01

403

Automated lattice perturbation theory  

CERN Document Server

I review recent developments in automated lattice perturbation theory. Starting with an overview of lattice perturbation theory, I focus on the three automation packages currently "on the market": HiPPy/HPsrc, Pastor and PhySyCAl. I highlight some recent applications of these methods, particularly in B physics. In the final section I briefly discuss the related, but distinct, approach of numerical stochastic perturbation theory.

Monahan, Christopher

2013-01-01

404

Ideal Theory and Utopia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available John Rawls presents his work on social justice as Ideal Theory. By taking an idealized scenario, he is able to consider the compatibility of different concepts relating to social justice without being hampered by all the complexities of society and its actors; an approach to social theorizing that comes exceptionally close to designing Utopia. This paper examines the link between Rawlsian Ideal Theory and Utopia, and offers an amended definition of Ideal Theory with the concept of Utopia in mind.

Volker Ruitinga

2011-12-01

405

Introduction to superstring theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS{sub 5} x S5. (author)

Nunez, Carmen [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Buenos Aires (Argentina)], e-mail: carmen@iafe.uba.ar

2009-07-01

406

Quantum Theory without Quantification  

CERN Document Server

After having explained Samuel Clarke's conception of the new philosophy of physical reality, we will treat the electron field in this context as a field modifying the void. From this we will be able to derive the so-called quantum rules just from Noether's theorem on conserved currents. Thus quantum theory appears as a kind of nonlocal field theory, in fact a new theory.

Piron, Constantin

1996-01-01

407

Game Theory of Mind  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper introduces a model of ‘theory of mind’, namely, how we represent the intentions and goals of others to optimise our mutual interactions. We draw on ideas from optimum control and game theory to provide a ‘game theory of mind’. First, we consider the representations of goals in terms of value functions that are prescribed by utility or rewards. Critically, the joint value functions and ensuing behaviour are optimised recursively, under the assumption that I represent your va...

Yoshida, W.; Dolan, R. J.; Friston, K. J.; Behrens, T.

2008-01-01

408

Effective Distribution Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this thesis we introduce and study a notion of effectivity (or computability) for test functions and for distributions. This is done using the theory of effective (Scott-Ershov) domains and effective domain representations. To be able to construct effective domain representations of the spaces of test functions considered in distribution theory we need to develop the theory of admissible domain representations over countable pseudobases. This is done in the first paper of the thesis. To co...

2007-01-01

409

stakeholder theory in perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Those who use stakeholder theory as a reference are both underlining the correlation between facts and a certain conceptualisation thereof (Section 1) and trying to make the necessary shift from a “panoptic” analysis akin to a panoramic vision of texts and positions (Section 2) to an “in-depth” one geared towards an understanding of their foundations (Section 3). As a “theory of organisations”, stakeholder theory helps to nourish a relational model of organisations by revisiting q...

Damak-ayadi, Salma; Pesqueux, Yvon

2005-01-01

410

Effective quantum field theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Certain dimensional parameters play a crucial role in the understanding of weak and strong interactions based on SU(2) x U(1) and SU(3) symmetry group theories and of grand unified theories (GUT's) based on SU(5). These parameters are the confinement scale of quantum chromodynamics and the breaking scales of SU(2) x U(1) and SU(5). The concepts of effective quantum field theories and renormalisability are discussed with reference to the economics and ethics of research. (U.K.)

1989-01-01

411

Almost quantum theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Modal quantum theory (MQT) is a "toy model" of quantum theory in which amplitudes are elements of a general field. The theory predicts, not the probabilities of a measurement result, but only whether or not a result is possible. In this paper we review MQT and extend it to include mixed states, generalized measurements and open system dynamics. Even though MQT does not have density operators, superoperators or any concept of "positivity", we can nevertheless establish a prec...

Schumacher, Benjamin; Westmoreland, Michael D.

2012-01-01

412

Chiral Effective Theories  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

These are the proceedings of the workshop on ``Chiral Effective Theories'' held at the Physikzentrum Bad Honnef of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Bad Honnef, Germany from November 30 to December 4, 1998. The workshop concentrated on Chiral Perturbation Theory in its various settings and its relations with lattice QCD and dispersion theory. Included are a short contribution per talk and a listing of some review papers on the subject.

Bijnens, Johan; Meissner, Ulf-g

1999-01-01

413

Theory Modeling and Simulation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Los Alamos has a long history in theory, modeling and simulation. We focus on multidisciplinary teams that tackle complex problems. Theory, modeling and simulation are tools to solve problems just like an NMR spectrometer, a gas chromatograph or an electron microscope. Problems should be used to define the theoretical tools needed and not the other way around. Best results occur when theory and experiments are working together in a team.

Shlachter, Jack [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-23

414

Introduction to superstring theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS5 x S5. (author)

2009-01-12

415

Quantum Transport Theory  

CERN Multimedia

Quantum Transport Theory is a comprehensive account of recent achievements in the understanding of disordered conductors. Chapters cover the density matrix description of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and newer topics in the field of condensed matter physics, including: weak localization; destruction of electronic phase coherence in disordered conductors; electron-electron and electron-phonon interaction in dirty metals; scaling theory of localization; the self-consistent theory of localization; and mesoscopic physics. The diagrammatic technique for systems out of equilibrium is develop

Rammer, Jorgen

2004-01-01

416

Constructive Renormalization Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

These notes are the second part of a common course on Renormalization Theory given with Professor P. da Veiga at X Jorge Andre Swieca Summer School, Aguas de Lindoia, Brazil, February 7-12, 1999. I emphasize the rigorous non-perturbative or constructive aspects of the theory. The usual formalism for the renormalization group in field theory or statistical mechanics is reviewed, together with its limits. The constructive formalism is introduced step by step. Taylor forest for...

Rivasseau, V.

1999-01-01

417

Lattice Perturbation Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The consideration of quantum fields defined on a spacetime lattice provides computational techniques which are invaluable for studying gauge theories nonperturbatively from first principles. Perturbation theory is an essential aspect of computations on the lattice, especially for investigating the behavior of lattice theories near the continuum limit. Particularly important is its role in connecting the outcome of Monte Carlo simulations to continuum physical results. For th...

Capitani, Stefano

2002-01-01

418

Graph Lambda Theories  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A longstanding open problem in lambda calculus is whether there exist continuous models of the untyped lambda calculus whose theory is exactly lambda-beta or the the least sensible lambda-theory H (generated by equating all the unsolvable terms). A related question, raised recently by C. Berline, is whether, given a class of lambda models, there are a minimal lambda-theory and a minimal sensible lambda-theory represented by it. In this paper, we give a positive answer to this question for the...

Bucciarelli, Antonio; Salibra, Antonino

2008-01-01

419

Scalar lattice gauge theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Scalar lattice gauge theories are models for scalar fields with local gauge symmetries. No fundamental gauge fields, or link variables in a lattice regularization, are introduced. The latter rather emerge as collective excitations composed from scalars. For suitable parameters scalar lattice gauge theories lead to confinement, with all continuum observables identical to usual lattice gauge theories. These models or their fermionic counterpart may be helpful for a realization of gauge theories by ultracold atoms. We conclude that the gauge bosons of the standard model of particle physics can arise as collective fields within models formulated for other “fundamental” degrees of freedom

2013-11-01

420

Essays in auction theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Auction theory is a branch of game theory that considers human behavior in auction markets and the ensuing market outcomes. It is also successfully used as a tool to design real-life auctions. This thesis contains five essays addressing a variety of topics within the realm of auction theory. The first essay gives an easily accessible overview of the most important insights of auction theory. The second essay, motivated by the UMTS-auctions that took place in Europe, studies auctions in which,...

Maasland, E.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

Empirical comparison of theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The book represents the first, comprehensive attempt to take an empirical approach for comparative assessment of theories in sociology. The aims, problems, and advantages of the empirical approach are discussed in detail, and the three theories selected for the purpose of this work are explained. Their comparative assessment is performed within the framework of several research projects, which among other subjects also investigate the social aspects of the protest against nuclear power plants. The theories analysed in this context are the theory of mental incongruities and that of the benefit, and their efficiency in explaining protest behaviour is compared. (orig./HSCH)

1990-01-01

422

Worldviews for Design Theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

I suspect that the growing 'body' of design theory may be infected by more inconsistency than is justifiable by genuine disagreement among design researchers. Taking my clue from Peirce, who argued that theory inevitably rests on basics metaphysical assumptions that theorists ought to be critically aware of, I demonstrate how 'insidious inconsistency ' may infect design theory if we ignore this admonition. As a possible remedy, I propose a method by which the philosophy of design may develop sound methaphysical foundations ('worldviews') for design theory - and obtain philosophical insights into design as a valuable side effect.

Galle, Per

2006-01-01

423

Information systems theory  

CERN Document Server

The overall mission of this book is to provide a comprehensive understanding and coverage of the various theories and models used in IS research. Specifically, it aims to focus on the following key objectives: To describe the various theories and models applicable to studying IS/IT management issues. To outline and describe, for each of the various theories and models, independent and dependent constructs, reference discipline/originating area, originating author(s), seminal articles, level of analysis (i.e. firm, individual, industry) and links with other theories. To provide a critical revie

Dwivedi, Yogesh K; Schneberger, Scott L

2011-01-01

424

Renewal creep theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The mathematics of probability are used to construct a framework that describes some key features of primary and secondary creep. The underlying assumption is that dislocation slip and annihilation are probabilistic events. The resulting mathematical framework takes the form of renewal theory from probability theory. Renewal creep theory provides a mathematical framework for primary creep that accommodates previously developed empirical descriptions. Renewal creep theory also predicts the existence of secondary creep as an asymptotically constant strain-rate phenomenon. Creep modeling techniques are demonstrated for three titanium.

Bagley, R.L. [Wright Lab., Wright Patterson AFB, OH (United States); Jones, D.I.G. [Technology/Scientific Services Inc., Dayton, OH (United States); Freed, A.D. [NASA-Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH (United States). Materials Division

1995-04-01

425

Information field theory  

Science.gov (United States)

Non-linear image reconstruction and signal analysis deal with complex inverse problems. To tackle such problems in a systematic way, I present information field theory (IFT) as a means of Bayesian, data based inference on spatially distributed signal fields. IFT is a statistical field theory, which permits the construction of optimal signal recovery algorithms even for nonlinear and non-Gaussian signal inference problems. IFT algorithms exploit spatial correlations of the signal fields and benefit from techniques developed to investigate quantum and statistical field theories, such as Feynman diagrams, re-normalisation calculations, and thermodynamic potentials. The theory can be used in many areas, and applications in cosmology and numerics are presented.

Enßlin, Torsten

2013-08-01

426

Proof theory an introduction  

CERN Document Server

Although this is an introductory text on proof theory, most of its contents is not found in a unified form elsewhere in the literature, except at a very advanced level. The heart of the book is the ordinal analysis of axiom systems, with particular emphasis on that of the impredicative theory of elementary inductive definitions on the natural numbers. The "constructive" consequences of ordinal analysis are sketched out in the epilogue. The book provides a self-contained treatment assuming no prior knowledge of proof theory and almost none of logic. The author has, moreover, endeavoured not to use the "cabal language" of proof theory, but only a language familiar to most readers.

Pohlers, Wolfram

1989-01-01

427

Von Balthasar y el giro estético de la exégesis veterotestamentaria: Un caso de estudio. Poder y alianza en la transición de Saúl a David  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio pretende ahondar en la pregunta por la pertinencia de la perspectiva estética balthasariana dentro del marco del análisis narrativo, una aproximación que clama para sí la etiqueta de la recuperación estética del texto bíblico. Para ello, tomamos lo que según von Balthasar debería [...] ser -a grandes razgos- el contenido de una estética (bíblica) teológica. Definida ésta como una articulación de las temáticas de la gloria, el compañero creatural de Dios y la alianza, el ser del hombre es visto como un ser-en-alianza. Al Antiguo Testamento le es de vital importancia la categoría de alianza y la tematiza narrativamente en varias ocasiones. En este escrito se analiza una de ellas, a saber, la transición del poder de Saúl a David, motivada precisamente por la ruptura de la alianza por parte de Saúl. Nos preguntamos cómo es la puesta en escena y particularmente cómo es enfocado el problema del poder. El relato permite al lector visualizar la ´alianza´ injertada en un conflicto de poder donde su legitimidad teológica de éste está enmarcada en el cumplimiento de la alianza que permite limitar la violencia entre los humanos. Así, gracias a una aproximación totalmente literaria, es posible apreciar la textura antropológica y teológica del alegato estético de von Balthasar. Abstract in english The present study attempts to delve deeply into the question of the pertinence of the balthasarian esthetic perspective within the framework of narrative analysis, an approach that claims for itself the label of esthetic recovery of the biblical text. For this purpose, we take what, according to von [...] Balthasar, ought to be -with broad strokes- the content of a theological (biblical) esthetics. This being defined as an articulation of the thematics of glory, the creature-companion of God and the covenant, man´s being is seen as a being-in-covenant. The Old Testament is of vital importance to the category of covenant and thematicizes it in a narrative manner on various occasions. In this writing one of these is analyzed- that is, the transition of power from Saul to David, motivated precisely by the rupture of the covenant relationship on Saul´s part. We ask ourselves what the staging of the scene is like and, particularly, how the problem of power is focused upon. The account permits the reader to visualize the grafting-on of the covenant alliance within a conflict of power where its theological legitimacy is set in the framework of the fulfillment of the covenant that allows violence among human beings to be limited. Thus, thanks to an entirely literary approach, it becomes possible to appreciate the anthropological and theological texture of von Balthasar´s esthetic allegation.

Mike van, Treek Nilsson.

428

Imagining Exodus for Israel-Palestine: Reading the Secular and the Sacred, Diaspora and Homeland, in Edward Said and David Grossman  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper takes as its starting point Edward Said's distinction between 'religious' and 'secular' modes of cultural affiliation. As these simultaneously diverging and converging modes also trammel the particular grounds of thinking that have been Said's natural target of criticism - Zionism - his work speaks particularly powerfully to the debate surrounding the religious genealogy of Jewish identity. This paper argues that Said's interventions on Zionism highlight as problematic the position whereby the 'Ingathering of the Exiles' is promoted as coexisting with a 'diasporic consciousness' nurtured by Judaism during exile; messianic hopes of religious Jews cannot be reconciled with physical return to the Promised Land; identity circumscribed by ethnicity and place cannot stand in as exemplary for the exiled, unsettled and ultimately homeless identity trumpeted by discourses of the 'post', as many contemporary theorists would have it. And yet through an exploration of the writings of David Grossman, whose construction of Jewish identity is envisaged through the regulating, competing and collaborating tropes of Zionism and Diaspora, I argue that this position is crucial for the elaboration of Israeli identity. I also argue that in fact there is room within Said's thinking both for the anti-essentialist elaboration of 'homeless' identities as well as 'the permission to narrate' an identity politics, and that his own distinction between the 'secular' and the 'religious' begins to disassemble. I explore this blurring of the sacred and the secular through the prism of Exodus - as both concept and narrative. This paper suggests that it is precisely Said's achievement to embody these tensions between religion and its other, divine providence and human agency, historical materialism and postmodernism, alienation and its perennially tempting opposite: home.

Anna Hartnell

2005-03-01

429

The stoning in Bible: King David’s case  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the Old Testament, the stoning is said to be the instinctive, violent expression of popular wrath (Ex 17:4, 8:22; Num 14:10; 1 Sam 30:6; 1 Kings 12:18; 2 Chron 10:18), and is often expressly prescribed as a mode of execution (Lev 20:2, 27, 24:16; Num 15:35; Deut 13:11, 17:5, 21:21, 22:21 et al.). As the survival of vindicta publica (C o h n 1996, 142), it was characterized by the active participation of the whole population (Lev 24:16; Num 15:35; Deut 17:7; et al.), all the people had to p...

Priede, Janis

2008-01-01

430

Theories of carcinogenesis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This volume challenges current theories of carcinogenesis - most notably the two-stage theory - and investigates questions such as whether initiators and pure promoters exist, and if oncogenes are the reasons behind all cancers. International researchers examine a broad range of current issues, including DNA repair mechanisms, aging and endogenous production of electrophiles, phenotypic cellular changes, and clonality.

Iverson, O.H.

1987-01-01

431

Theory in practice  

CERN Multimedia

With the start of next year, CERN's Theory Division and Experimental Physics Division will merge to form the new Department of Physics. The Bulletin looks back at an era, has a closer a look at what the Theory Division is and what makes it so special.

2003-01-01

432

Supersymmetric and supergravity theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The author addressed problems in Kaluza-Klein supergravity, in supersymmetric theories and in string theories. They constructed the following supergravity theories in higher dimensions: the maximal gauged supergravities in five and seven dimensions, both related to the respective ungauged theory, though the latter cannot be obtained by putting the coupling constant of the gauged version to zero (gauge discontinuity); the ten-dimensional N = 2 non-chiral and the six-dimensional N = 4 supergravities, through trivial dimensional reduction of higher dimensional theories. They studied the Kaluza-Klein compactifications of the seven-dimensional supergravity theories and of the ten-dimensional, N = 2 non-chiral supergravity. They obtained the non-compact gaugings and the critical points of the potential of the maximal gauged supergravity in seven dimensions. They computed the non-abelian chiral anomaly in super Yang-Mills theories, using a variation of the Fujikawa method. The covariant action of the SU(2) spinning string is obtained together with its extension to non-linear sigma models. A covariant action for the free open spinning string field theory is constructed by analyzing the BRST transformations

1986-01-01

433

Algebraic K-theory  

CERN Document Server

From the Introduction: "These notes are taken from a course on algebraic K-theory [given] at the University of Chicago in 1967. They also include some material from an earlier course on abelian categories, elaborating certain parts of Gabriel's thesis. The results on K-theory are mostly of a very general nature."

Swan, R G

1968-01-01

434

Nuclear theory progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report discusses research performed at University of Washington in nuclear theory. Some of the topics discussed are: nuclear astrophysics; symmetry; time reversal invariance; quark matter; superallowed beta decay; exclusive reactions; nuclear probes; soliton model; relativistic heavy ion collisions; supernova explosions; neutrino processes in dense matter; field theories; weak interaction physics; and nuclear structure

1991-01-01

435

Introduction to gauge theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In these lectures we present the key ingredients of theories with local gauge invariance. We introduce gauge invariance as a starting point for the construction of a certain class of field theories, both for abelian and nonabelian gauge groups. General implications of gauge invariance are discussed, and we outline in detail how gauge fields can acquire masses in a spontaneous fashion. (orig./HSI)

1983-06-22

436

Superunified theories in superspace  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The structure of superunified theories in superspace is discussed from the point of view of local gauge invariance. It is shown that the same two requirements wich lead to the correct description of gravity determine the structure of these theories. In particular, all the transformation laws of the field follow from geometry.(orig.)

1978-09-16

437

Topics in quantum theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Topics in the Yang-Mills theories of strong interactions and the quantum theories of gravity are examined, using the path integral approach, including; Yang-Mills instantons in curved spacetimes, Israel-Wilson metrics, Kaehler spacetimes, instantons and anti-instantons. (U.K.)

1980-01-01

438

Gauge theory and renormalization  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Early developments leading to renormalizable non-Abelian gauge theories for the weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions, are discussed from a personal viewpoint. They drastically improved our view of the role of field theory, symmetry and topology, as well as other branches of mathematics, in the world of elementary particles.

Hooft, G. T.

1996-01-01

439

Introduction to string theory  

CERN Multimedia

I will present a simple and non-technical overview of string theory, aimed for non-experts who like to get some idea what string theory is about. Besides introductory material, I intend to cover also some of the more recent developments.

CERN. Geneva. Audiovisual Unit

2002-01-01

440

Beyond Rhetorical Theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

If the idea is true that a theory is an abstract model that explains an objective phenomenon, where objective means anything that exists independent of individual human volition, then the best known example of such a rhetorical theory would be Lloyd Bitzer's famous rhetorical situation. Bitzer has argued that a rhetorical act comes into being when…

Pullman, George L.

 
 
 
 
441

Sexual Murderers' Implicit Theories  

Science.gov (United States)

Interviews with 28 sexual murderers were subjected to grounded theory analysis. Five implicit theories (ITs) were identified: dangerous world, male sex drive is uncontrollable, entitlement, women as sexual objects, and women as unknowable. These ITs were found to be identical to those identified in the literature as being present in rapists. The…

Beech, Anthony; Fisher, Dawn; Ward, Tony

2005-01-01

442

Theory of Mott insulators  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Reviewed is a conceptual picture of Mott insulators, based on strong spin-orbital polarization in unrestricted Hartree-Fock theory with screened intra-atomic parameters. This picture is used to interpret recent work. Implications for the shortcomings of local-density band theory are discussed

1987-06-01

443

The Learning Theory Jungle  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses the myriad of pedagogical and andragogical issues facing university educators in the student learning process. It briefly explores the proliferation of learning theories in an attempt to develop awareness among faculty who teach at the university/college levels that not all theories of learning apply to the adult learner. In…

Minter, Robert L.

2011-01-01

444

Theory of Bodily Tides.  

Science.gov (United States)

Different theories of bodily tides assume different forms of dependence of the angular lag (delta) upon the tidal frequency X (chi). In the old theory (Gerstenkorn 1955, MacDonald 1964, Kaula 1964) the geometric lag angle is assumed constant, while the ne...

M. Efroimsky V. Lainey

2007-01-01

445

Elementary Particle Theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This final report describes the activities of the high energy theory group at Syracuse University for the period 1 January 2010 through April 30 2013. The research conducted by the group includes lattice gauge theory, non-commutative geometry, phenomenology and mathematical physics.

Catterall, Simon [Syracuse University; Hubisz, Jay [Syracuse University; Balachandran, Aiyalam [Syracuse University; Schechter, Joe [Syracuse University

2013-01-05

446

Higher Topos Theory  

CERN Document Server

This purpose of this book is twofold: to provide a general introduction to higher category theory (using the formalism of "quasicategories" or "weak Kan complexes"), and to apply this theory to the study of higher versions of Grothendieck topoi. A few applications to classical topology are included.

Lurie, J

2006-01-01

447

Modification of measurement theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To ensure the correctness of measurements in nonlinear dynamic systems in paper was the development the measurement theory. We study the radically new conditions of measurement problems related to the specific behavior of nonlinear dynamic systems. Shown, that between qualitative theory of differential equations and methods of evaluation of measurement uncertainty there is a link that provides an assessment of conditions of measurement.

Machekhin, Y. P, E-mail: yuri_m49@mail.r [Head of Chair Physical Basics of Electronic Engineeting, Kharkov National University of Radio Electronics, avenue Lenina 14, Kharkov, 61166 (Ukraine)

2010-07-01

448

Entanglement in Theory Space  

CERN Multimedia

We propose a new concept of entanglement for quantum systems: entanglement in theory space. This is defined by decomposing a theory into two by an un-gauging procedure. We provide two examples where this newly-introduced entanglement is closely related with conventional geometric entropies: deconstruction and AGT-type correspondence.

Yamazaki, Masahito

2013-01-01

449

Smile Theory of Everything  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available I would like to thank everything in this universe which is trying to make this place a better place to live. This report is all about “Smile Theory of Everything (SToE”. In this theory the same thing is given in different formats.

Satish Gajawada

2012-10-01

450

Smile Theory of Everything  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

I would like to thank everything in this universe which is trying to make this place a better place to live. This report is all about “Smile Theory of Everything (SToE)”. In this theory the same thing is given in different formats.

Satish Gajawada

2012-01-01

451

Evaluating Conceptual Metaphor Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

A major revolution in the study of metaphor occurred 30 years ago with the introduction of "conceptual metaphor theory" (CMT). Unlike previous theories of metaphor and metaphorical meaning, CMT proposed that metaphor is not just an aspect of language, but a fundamental part of human thought. Indeed, most metaphorical language arises from…

Gibbs, Raymond W., Jr.

2011-01-01

452

Metamathematics of Weak Theories.  

Science.gov (United States)

The metamathematics of the theory Iota(delta sub 0) + Omega(sub 1), which has emerged as one of the weakest theories adequate for arithmetizing syntax and for which the derivability conditions needed to prove Goedl's incompleteness theorems can be proved,...

A. Berarducci R. Verbrugge

1991-01-01

453

The Grounded Theory Bookshelf  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Grounded Theory Perspective III: Theoretical Coding, Barney G. Glaser (Sociology Press, 2005. Not intended for a beginner, this book further defi nes, describes, and explicates the classic grounded theory (GT method. Perspective III lays out various facets of theoretical coding as Glaser meticulously distinguishes classic GT from other subsequent methods. Developed many years after Glaser’s classic GT, these methods, particularly as described by Strauss and Corbin, adopt the grounded theory name and engender ongoing confusion about the very premises of grounded theory. Glaser distinguishes between classic GT and the adscititious methods in his writings, referring to remodeled grounded theory and its offshoots as Qualitative Data Analysis (QDA models.

Dr. Alvita Nathaniel, DSN, APRN, BC

2005-06-01

454

Towards Transition Theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This thesis is a treatise on a theory for societal transitions: pillar theory. Societal transitions are complex processes taking place in complex systems, large-scale, long-term processes in which societal systems radically change the way they are composed and function. Since we all are part of societal systems, it speaks for itself that we ought to want to understand transitions. Nevertheless, although several aspects of transitions have been studied from various perspectives in various disciplines, the study of societal transitions as such is a relatively recent development. Consequently, the knowledge on transitions is scattered over disciplines and rather fragmented. Understanding requires theory, for even articulating what one doesn't know about a certain subject inevitably requires phrasing it as a question using concepts. Theory is an intellectual tool. It also works the other way around. Theory is also the result of understanding and it is this Janus-faced property on which this thesis is based.

De Haan, J.

2010-09-10

455

Democratic Neutrino Theory  

CERN Multimedia

New theory of neutrino masses and mixing is introduced. This theory is based on a simple S_3 symmetric democratic neutrino mass matrix, and predicts the neutrino mass spectrum of normal ordering. Taking into account the matter effect and proper averaging of the oscillations, this theory agrees with the variety of atmospheric, solar and accelerator neutrino data. Moreover, the absolute scale of the neutrino masses m of 0.03 eV is determined in this theory, using the atmospheric neutrino oscillation data. In case of tiny perturbations in the democratic mass matrix only one this scale parameter m allows to explain the mentioned above neutrino results, and the theory has huge predictive power.

Zhuridov, Dmitry

2014-01-01

456

Constructor Theory of Life  

CERN Document Server

Neo-Darwinian evolution theory explains how organisms with their appearance of purposive design came into existence without being designed. The centrepiece of the explanation is a physical object, the gene, and the processes it undergoes: mainly, replication and natural selection. The compatibility of that theory with the laws of physics has been challenged, by claims that self-reproduction of living cells, essential to gene replication, is incompatible with quantum theory. Wigner, notably, argued that it would require design-bearing laws of physics. Here I show that self-reproduction is compatible with no-design laws of physics, in particular with quantum theory, by expressing self-reproduction, replication and the appearance of design clearly within physics, using the recently proposed constructor theory. I also show that aside from sufficient resources such as time and energy, the only requirement on the laws of physics for evolution to be possible is that they permit digital information.

Marletto, Chiara

2014-01-01

457

Polyhedral adjunction theory  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we give a combinatorial view on the adjunction theory of toric varieties. Inspired by classical adjunction theory of polarized algebraic varieties we define two convex-geometric notions: the Q-codegree and the nef value of a rational polytope P. We define the adjoint polytope P^(s) as the set of those points in P, whose lattice distance to every facet of P is at least s. We prove a structure theorem for lattice polytopes with high Q-codegree. If P^(s) is empty for some s < 2/(dim(P)+2), then P has lattice width one. This has consequences in Ehrhart theory and on polarized toric varieties with dual defect. We remark that polyhedral adjunction theory even works in cases where the canonical divisor is not Q-Cartier. Moreover, we illustrate how classification results in adjunction theory can be translated into new classification results for lattice polytopes.

Di Rocco, Sandra; Nill, Benjamin; Paffenholz, Andreas

2011-01-01

458

Action Theory Evolution  

CERN Document Server

Like any other logical theory, domain descriptions in reasoning about actions may evolve, and thus need revision methods to adequately accommodate new information about the behavior of actions. The present work is about changing action domain descriptions in propositional dynamic logic. Its contribution is threefold: first we revisit the semantics of action theory contraction that has been done in previous work, giving more robust operators that express minimal change based on a notion of distance between Kripke-models. Second we give algorithms for syntactical action theory contraction and establish their correctness w.r.t. our semantics. Finally we state postulates for action theory contraction and assess the behavior of our operators w.r.t. them. Moreover, we also address the revision counterpart of action theory change, showing that it benefits from our semantics for contraction.

Varzinczak, Ivan

2008-01-01

459

Statistical theory and inference  

CERN Document Server

This text is for  a one semester graduate course in statistical theory and covers minimal and complete sufficient statistics, maximum likelihood estimators, method of moments, bias and mean square error, uniform minimum variance estimators and the Cramer-Rao lower bound, an introduction to large sample theory, likelihood ratio tests and uniformly most powerful  tests and the Neyman Pearson Lemma. A major goal of this text is to make these topics much more accessible to students by using the theory of exponential families. Exponential families, indicator functions and the support of the distribution are used throughout the text to simplify the theory. More than 50 ``brand name" distributions are used to illustrate the theory with many examples of exponential families, maximum likelihood estimators and uniformly minimum variance unbiased estimators. There are many homework problems with over 30 pages of solutions.

Olive, David J

2014-01-01

460

G2 gauge theories  

CERN Document Server

QCD can be formulated using any gauge group. One particular interesting choice is to replace SU(3) by the exceptional group G2. Conceptually, this group is the simplest group with a trivial center. It thus permits to study the conjectured relevance of center degrees of freedom for QCD. Practically, since all its representation are real, it is possible to perform lattice simulations for this theory also at finite baryon densities. It is thus an excellent environment to test methods and to investigate general properties of gauge theories at finite densities. We review the status of our understanding of gauge theories with the gauge group G2, including Yang-Mills theory, Yang-Mills-Higgs theory, and QCD both in the vacuum and in the phase diagram.

Maas, Axel

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
461

EDUCATION IN ECONOMIC THEORY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to show the evolution of the role and importance of education in economic theory, especially in theoretical approaches to economic development after World War II. In order to find answers and to present a current issue - why and how certain countries have made progress while others have regressed in the development process, many theories and models explaining processes of growth and development have emerged and developed. By applying the method of analysis, synthesis and comparison, and based on earlier works, classification of theories of development has been made to analyze the evolution process of the role and importance of education in the development process. Presentation of the classification theory refers to: theories of economic development (the classical theory and contemporary models of development and underdevelopment and theories of interdependence of education and development (theory of human capital, human development and approach to the returns on investment in education. This paper presents the basic settings, ideas and thoughts of the key authors of these theories and models and the role of education and human capital in these theoretical approaches. Research has shown that the analysis of interdependence of education and economic development has been the subject of interest of researchers for many decades and that today, taking into account the high degree of development of theoretical approaches, there is no full commitment to the classic theories nor there is a unified approach to endogenous growth, but an approach that promotes the elements of both, considering education as the key factor of development of the 21st century.

Hatidža Jahi?

2011-06-01

462

Quantum Theory and Beyond  

Science.gov (United States)

List of participants; Preface; Part I. Introduction: 1. The function of the colloquium - editorial; 2. The conceptual problem of quantum theory from the experimentalist's point of view O. R. Frisch; Part II. Niels Bohr and Complementarity: The Place of the Classical Language: 3. The Copenhagen interpretation C. F. von Weizsäcker; 4. On Bohr's views concerning the quantum theory D. Bohm; Part III. The Measurement Problem: 5. Quantal observation in statistical interpretation H. J. Groenewold; 6. Macroscopic physics, quantum mechanics and quantum theory of measurement G. M. Prosperi; 7. Comment on the Daneri-Loinger-Prosperi quantum theory of measurement Jeffrey Bub; 8. The phenomenology of observation and explanation in quantum theory J. H. M. Whiteman; 9. Measurement theory and complex systems M. A. Garstens; Part IV. New Directions within Quantum Theory: What does the Quantum Theoretical Formalism Really Tell Us?: 10. On the role of hidden variables in the fundamental structure of physics D. Bohm; 11. Beyond what? Discussion: space-time order within existing quantum theory C. W. Kilmister; 12. Definability and measurability in quantum theory Yakir Aharonov and Aage Petersen; 13. The bootstrap idea and the foundations of quantum theory Geoffrey F. Chew; Part V. A Fresh Start?: 14. Angular momentum: an approach to combinatorial space-time Roger Penrose; 15. A note on discreteness, phase space and cohomology theory B. J. Hiley; 16. Cohomology of observations R. H. Atkin; 17. The origin of half-integral spin in a discrete physical space Ted Bastin; Part VI. Philosophical Papers: 18. The unity of physics C. F. von Weizsäcker; 19. A philosophical obstacle to the rise of new theories in microphysics Mario Bunge; 20. The incompleteness of quantum mechanics or the emperor's missing clothes H. R. Post; 21. How does a particle get from A to B?; Ted Bastin; 22. Informational generalization of entropy in physics Jerome Rothstein; 23. Can life explain quantum mechanics? H. H. Pattee; 24. Discussion: phenomena and sense data in quantum theory D. S. Linney and C. F. von Weizsäcker; Index of persons; Index of subjects.

Bastin, Ted

2009-07-01

463

Design Theory in Information Systems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore an important category of information systems knowledge that is termed “design theory”. This knowledge is distinguished as the fifth of five types of theory: (i theory for analysing and describing, (ii theory for understanding, (iii theory for predicting, (iv theory for explaining and predicting, and (v theory for design and action. Examples of design theory in information systems are provided, with associated research methods. The limited understanding and recognition of this type of theory in information systems indicates that further debate concerning its nature and role in our discipline is needed.

Shirley Gregor

2002-11-01

464

A plague of David Attenborough  

...” Despite that, at least thirty million Ethiopians go to bed hungry every night. The problem isn’t human numbers or food production, it’s an economic and political system that enriches foreign investors and a tiny urban elite, while nearly 80% of the people earn less than $1 a day. There’s lots of food, but they can’t afford to buy it. Cruel irony: the ... The growing sinkhole in Louisiana, the Keystone Pipeline land grab, mountaintop removal in Virginia, and the oil drilling in the Gulf, all of which threaten livelihoods and food production while promising more energy for our cellphones and computers. Balance is in great need. Comments are closed. Previous: Idle No More and media hypocrisy about wealth Next: Weekend reading, 21 More Ecosocialist Notebook … Pete Seeger,...

465

Mälu ja tänapäev / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese üleskutsest moodustada lähimineviku uurimiseks Eesti Mälu Instituut. Omariikluse eest hääletanud ülemnõukogu liikmete kõrvale jätmisest Eesti Vabariigi juubeliaasta alguspeost. Ajaloolasest autori arvates on lähiajalugu Eestis muutunud teadusest relvaks poliitilises võimuvõitluses, ajaloolased ootaksid presidendilt eelkõige täit pühendumust demokraatia ja vabaduse aadete kaitsmisele

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2007-01-01

466

Kahe otsaga gaasitoru / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Autor kirjutab Eesti suhetest Venemaaga lähiajalooliste kogemuste põhjal, Venemaast kui Eesti julgeolekuriskist, Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme projektist ja leiab, et lisaks Venemaa huvidele on huvid ka lääneriikidel, kellest sõltub Eesti tulevik rohkem ning oleks mõistlik keskenduda lääne huvide mõistmisele ning tuvastamisele

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2007-01-01

467

Milleks teatrilavale ajalugu? / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Lavastused Konstantin Pätsist ja Gustav Naanist ajaloolisest taustast lähtudes: Rahvusooperis Estonia etendunud Katri Aaslav-Tepandi ja Tõnu Tepandi dokumentaaldraama "President 1939" Katri Aaslav-Tepandi lavastuses ja Eesti Draamateatris etendunud Enn Vetemaa, Erki Aule ja Merle Karusoo dokumentaallavastus "Sigma Tau-C705" Merle Karusoo lavastuses

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2008-01-01

468

Erakapitali peatumatu tõus / David Rubenstein  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Private equity ehk erakapitali tööstus on suurem, kasumlikum ja globaalsem kui kunagi varem oma umbes 40-aastase ajaloo vältel. Hoolimata hiljutistest tagasilöökidest krediiditurgudel jätkub selle laienemine 2008. aastal ja edaspidi

Rubenstein, David

2007-01-01

469

A Tribute to David Tiedeman  

Science.gov (United States)

This tribute to Tiedeman takes the form of an invitation to read his written work. The author concludes that Tiedeman's body of work is unique and paradoxical, abstract and challenging, and deeply practical. He offered principles intended to change the way counselors think about careers and career development.

Jepsen, David A.

2008-01-01

470

Kuidas määratleda "sõda" / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Nõukogudeaegse ajalookäsitluse üheks peamiseks meetodiks oli lihtsustamine. Eestis väidetavalt käivitunud eetikarevolutsiooni käsitlemine ei erine oma olemuselt nõukogudeaegsest metoodikast. Rooma keiser Septimius Severusest

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

471

Lepingud ja ajalugu / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Lepingute sõlmimine ei ole ühekordne lõplik diplomaatiline akt, vaid protsess. Leping ei ole ajaloos olnud iseenesest mingi garantii. Väikeriigi diplomaatia üks peamisi ülesandeid on oskus end iseseisvana kasulikuks teha

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

472

Kuidas taasluua minevikku / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Mineviku kirjeldamisega seoses peab silmas pidama sellega kaasnevat ettemääratud piiratust. Ajaloolise tõe väide saab olla pädev vaid kõige üldisemates raamides, jättes detailides vabaduse kõikvõimalikeks oletusteks

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2012-01-01

473

New Exchange Rate Transmission Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The exchange rate transmission related literature are reviewed at first, then establishes the new exchange rate transmission theory-the macroscopic exchange rate transmission theory, it is different from the static profit maximization theory and the sunk cost theory and the market share theory, etc., furthermore based on the data of China has carried on the empirical analysis.

Yan Chen

2013-01-01

474

Quasirelativistic theory. II. Theory at matrix level.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Dirac operator in a matrix representation in a kinetically balanced basis is transformed to the matrix representation of a quasirelativistic Hamiltonian that has the same electronic eigenstates as the original Dirac matrix (but no positronic eigenstates). This transformation involves a matrix X, for which an exact identity is derived and which can be constructed either in a noniterative way or by various iteration schemes, not requiring an expansion parameter. Both linearly convergent and quadratically convergent iteration schemes are discussed and compared numerically. The authors present three rather different schemes, for each of which even in unfavorable cases convergence is reached within three or four iterations, for all electronic eigenstates of the Dirac operator. The authors present the theory both in terms of a non-Hermitian and a Hermitian quasirelativistic Hamiltonian. Quasirelativistic approaches at the matrix level known from the literature are critically analyzed in the frame of the general theory. PMID:17381196

Liu, Wenjian; Kutzelnigg, Werner

2007-03-21

475

Axiomatic conformal field theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new rigourous approach to conformal field theory is presented. The basic objects are families of complex-valued amplitudes, which define a meromorphic conformal field theory (or chi