WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Keil ja tema sõda / Ivar Põllu  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

2. aug. esietendub Leigo Järveteatris Andres Keili "Rooside sõda". Näidendile on ainest andnud William Shakespeare'i näidendid "Henry VI" ja "Richard III" ning Tom Lanoye ja Luc Percevali näidend "Sõda". Lavastab Tõnu Lensment. Teatrikriitik Andres Keil ja tema näidend

Põllu, Ivar, 1974-

2007-01-01

2

Dialectical materialism and the construction of a new quantum theory: David Joseph Bohm, 1917-1992  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper touches on some general questions of theory construction in physics, by presenting a biographical case study of David Bohm through the perspective of Fleckian thought-collectives and their thought-style. In the 1920s a small elite of physicists established the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mechanics as a new thought-style in the thought-collective of the physicists. In the following decade the Copenhagen Interpretation was transferred from Europe to the USA, from one thought-collective into another, and was integrated into a specific American thought-style. David Bohm was initiated in this mode of thought during his undergraduate studies at the Pennsylvania State College and his graduate studies at Caltech and the University of California at Berkeley. (orig.)

2005-01-01

3

Dialectical materialism and the construction of a new quantum theory: David Joseph Bohm, 1917-1992  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper touches on some general questions of theory construction in physics, by presenting a biographical case study of David Bohm through the perspective of Fleckian thought-collectives and their thought-style. In the 1920s a small elite of physicists established the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mechanics as a new thought-style in the thought-collective of the physicists. In the following decade the Copenhagen Interpretation was transferred from Europe to the USA, from one thought-collective into another, and was integrated into a specific American thought-style. David Bohm was initiated in this mode of thought during his undergraduate studies at the Pennsylvania State College and his graduate studies at Caltech and the University of California at Berkeley. (orig.)

Forstner, C.

2005-07-01

4

Theory of Money of David Ricardo: Quantity Theory and Theory of Value  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available What is to be underlined in characterizing the Ricardo’s quantity theory, is that it is a theory of determination of the value of money in a particular situation where money, whatever the form may be, shall be prevented from freely entering or leaving circulation. For Ricardo, the regulation of the value of money by its quantity is a particular case in which the adjustment of the market price to the natural price requires a long period of time. The quantitativist determination is not valid unconditionally, but only when the time of observation is shorter than that of this adjustment. The determination of the value of money is, in any case, barely linked to his theory of the value of commodities. Contrary to the commonly accepted interpretation, Ricardo did not apply to the determination of the value of money any theory of value different from that applied to commodities in general.

Susumu Takenaga

2003-01-01

5

Robert M. Gagne and M. David Merrill. In Conversation: Reviewing the Main Points of M. David Merrill's Learning Theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This second installment in a series of edited transcripts based on a conference held at Utah State University in 1987 reviews the main points of Merrill's Learning Theory. The performance content matrix is explained, primary presentation forms are described, and the concepts of student responsibility and learner control are discussed. (Three…

Twitchell, David, Ed.

1990-01-01

6

A philosophical analysis of David Orr's theory of ecological literacy: biophilia, ecojustice and moral education in school learning communities  

Science.gov (United States)

In his writings, David Orr claims that the US is in an "ecological crisis" and that this stems from a crisis of education. He outlines a theory of ecological literacy, a mode by which we better learn the ecology of the Earth and live in a sustainable manner. While emphasizing a shock doctrine, the diagnosis of "crisis" may be correct, but it is short-lived for children and adults of the world. In this philosophical analysis of Orr's theory, it is argued that we move beyond the perspective of crisis. By extending Orr's ecological literacy with biophilia and ecojustice and by recognizing the importance of experience-in-learning, science education is envisioned to incorporate values and morals within a longer term ideology of educational reform.

Mitchell, Debra B.; Mueller, Michael P.

2011-03-01

7

On "White Supremacy" and Caricaturing, Misrepresenting and Dismissing Marx and Marxism: A Response to David Gillborn's "Who's Afraid of Critical Race Theory in Education".  

Science.gov (United States)

|In this journal in 2007, the author and Alpesh Maisuria critiqued two central tenets of Critical Race Theory (CRT) from a Marxist perspective (Cole and Maisuria, 2007). These are its primacy of "race" over class, and its concept of "white supremacy". Part of the critique focused on the work of leading UK Critical Race Theorist, David Gillborn. A…

Cole, Mike

2009-01-01

8

On "White Supremacy" and Caricaturing, Misrepresenting and Dismissing Marx and Marxism: A Response to David Gillborn's "Who's Afraid of Critical Race Theory in Education".  

Science.gov (United States)

In this journal in 2007, the author and Alpesh Maisuria critiqued two central tenets of Critical Race Theory (CRT) from a Marxist perspective (Cole and Maisuria, 2007). These are its primacy of "race" over class, and its concept of "white supremacy". Part of the critique focused on the work of leading UK Critical Race Theorist, David Gillborn. A…

Cole, Mike

2009-01-01

9

David Hilbert's lectures on the foundations of physics 1915-1927 relativity, quantum theory and epistemology  

CERN Multimedia

A single system of economic governance - capitalism - prevails in the world today, both in theory and in practice. Yet there is neither a standard definition of capitalism nor a theory of how it works. Moreover, the most common conception of capitalism is that of a one-level system governed by markets, i.e., supply and demand, where many socioeconomic externalities are ignored. The purpose of this book is to counter this conception, showing that capitalism is more than markets. In fact, capitalism shares many parallels with everyday organized sports, in that both are indirect, three-level syst

Sauer, Tilman

2009-01-01

10

Robert M. Gagne and M. David Merrill: In Conversation. No. 3: An Overview of M. David Merrill's New Component Design Theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This third in a series of edited transcripts based on a conference at Utah State University describes Merrill's Component Design Theory (CDT) and compares it to his earlier Component Display Theory. Topics discussed include concept structures, knowledge acquisition, components of an instructional design system, and a new CDT matrix. (10…

Twitchell, David, Ed.

1990-01-01

11

Robert M. Gagne and M. David Merrill: In Conversation. No. 4: A Look at the Differences between the Theories of Robert M. Gagne and M. David Merrill.  

Science.gov (United States)

|This fourth in a series of edited transcripts based on a conference at Utah State University compares Gagne's Conditions of Learning with Merrill's Component Display/Design Theory, and suggests a merging of the two. Topics discussed include content structures, learning hierarchies, learning theories, learner control, problem solving, cognitive…

Twitchell, David, Ed.

1990-01-01

12

David's trick  

CERN Document Server

We put into a general setting a technique of Rene' David (see "A Very Absolute Pi^1_2 Singleton, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic, 1982) to show that for S a Sigma^1_1 statement quantifying over subclasses of V of a special form, there is a stronger Sigma^1_3 statement quantifying over reals which can be forced over any model of S. Then I mention some application to Pi^1_2 Singletons and to Sigma^1_3 absoluteness.

Friedman, S D

1997-01-01

13

Oral Histories in Meteoritics and Planetary Science—XIX: Klaus Keil  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract- Klaus Keil (Fig. 1) grew up in Jena and became interested in meteorites as a student of Fritz Heide. His research for his Dr. rer. nat. became known to Hans Suess who--with some difficulty--arranged for him to move to La Jolla, via Mainz, 6 months before the borders of East Germany were closed. In La Jolla, Klaus became familiar with the electron microprobe, which has remained a central tool in his research and, with Kurt Fredriksson, he confirmed the existence of Urey and Craig's chemical H and L chondrite groups, and added a third group, the LL chondrites. Klaus then moved to NASA Ames where he established a microprobe laboratory, published his definitive paper on enstatite chondrites, and led in the development of the Si(Li) detector and the EDS method of analysis. After 5 years at Ames, Klaus became director of the Institute of Meteoritics at the University of New Mexico where he built up one of the leading meteorite research groups while working on a wide variety of projects, including chondrite groups, chondrules, differentiated meteorites, lunar samples, and Hawai'ian basalts. The basalt studies led to a love of Hawai'i and a move to the University of Hawai'i in 1990, where he has continued a wide variety of meteorite projects, notably the role of volcanism on asteroids. Klaus Keil has received honorary doctorates from Friedrich-Schiller University, Jena, and the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. He was President of the Meteoritical Society in 1969-1970 and was awarded the Leonard Medal in 1988.1 Klaus Keil at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 2007.

Sears, Derek W. G.

2012-12-01

14

Integral Evolution: An Interview with David Loye  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available David Loye is one of those people that the longer you get to know them the more you begin todiscover a bit of their depth and breadth of perspective and creativity in the world. Hispublications speak for themselves. His network with leading scientists and thinkers around theworld is equally impressive.Actually, my first contact was with David’s wife, Riane Eisler, author of the Chalice and theBlade (among other books written with and without David). Despite the fact that they live overthe hill from me, I did not meet her face to face right away. Rather, I interviewed her over thetelephone for the Integral Leadership Review, which I publish and edit. When I first approachedher about doing the interview she suggested that I should interview David, but I did not knowDavid Loye’s work at all. In that interview I discovered more about Riane’s work and the extentof their partnership. In fact, they are prime movers of a partnership approach to leadership thatthey promote through a nonprofit center and in a Master’s program at the California Institute ofIntegral Studies in San Francisco.My conversation with Riane piqued my curiosity about David’s work and I bought one of hisbooks, Darwin’s Lost Theory of Love. Here I found evidence of the extraordinary scope anddepth of David’s work that made him a natural candidate for an interview. The only questionwas would I use it in Integral Leadership Review or in Integral Review: such is the quality of hisinterests and intellect.Before doing the interview, I borrowed a copy of one of David’s earlier books. When I went totheir house to pick it up I met them both. They are quite a team and I recommend their work toall.

Russ Volckmann; David Loye

2008-01-01

15

Pora prodavat znanija / David Tisch  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

California Ülikooli (Berkeley) professor David Tisch teadmistepõhistest väärtustest ja nende mõjust konkurentsivõimele, konkurentsist innovatsiooniturul, Silicon Valley edu põhjustest, väikeste ja keskmiste ettevõtete osast innovatsioonis. Lisa: David Tisch

Tisch, David

2006-01-01

16

Tipos de aprendizaje en estudiantes de enseñanza media técnico profesional: Un análisis desde la teoría de David Ausubel Learning kinds for students of technical high school: An analysis from the David Ausubel's theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los hallazgos de una investigación de campo, no experimental, observacional, correlacional, básica, transeccional, de datos mixtos, micro sociológica, dando lugar a un estudio de encuestas. El objeto de estudio son los tipos de aprendizaje y la unidad de análisis fueron 529 estudiantes de enseñanza media Técnico Profesional de N M 3 y NM 4 entre 16 y 21 años de edad; su propósito es conocer el impacto del aprendizaje memorístico, guiado, autónomo y significativo en el nivel de logro y resultados de aprendizaje del plan de estudio diferenciado , b asado en el pensamiento de David Ausubel , asociado a las distintas Áreas Económicas y especialidades (MINEDUC, 1998) donde se forman profesionalmente los sujetos de estudio. P ar a reunir dato s s e aplic ó el test TADA - DO 2 ; la prueba presenta un índice de confiabilidad de 0, 911 según Cronbach . Desde los aciertos se puede aseverar desde el e n j u i ciamiento de la hipótesis nula, que hay asociación significativa a = 0,05) entre los tipos de aprendizaje y los aprendizajes esperados del plan de formación profesional diferenciado tanto para el género masculino como femenino.I ndicar que la formación de técnicos de nivel medio para una inserción laboral exitosa de sus titulados, r esulta se r una tarea compleja.Este artigo apresenta os resultados da pesquisa de campo, não experimental, observacional, correlacional, básico, transacional, dados mistos, sociologia micro, levando a umestudo de inquéritos. O propósito do estudosão os tipos de aprendizagem e a unidade de análiseforam 529 estudantes do ensinomédio e técnico Nm3 NM4 Professional, entre 16 e 21 anos de idade , seu objetivo é compreender o impacto da aprendizagemmecânica, guiada, auto e significativa o nível de realização e resultados de aprendizagem do currículo diferenciados com base no pensamento de David Ausubel, associadas a diferentes especialidades econômica (MINEDUC, 1998) que sãoprofissionalmenteassuntos. Para coletar dados de teste foi utilizado TADA - DO2, o teste temum índice de confiabilidade de 0,911 de acordocom Cronbach. Do bate pode-se afirmar a partir da acusação da hipótese nula de que nãoháassociação significativa (a = 0, 0 5) entre os tipos de aprendizagem e de aprendizagem esperados do plano de formação diferenciada para ambos os sexos masculino e feminino. Indicam que a formação de técnicos de nívelmédio para umacolocaçãobem sucedida do trabalho de seus graduados, esta é umatarefa complexa.This article presents the findings of a field research, not experimental, observational, correlating, basic, of mixed data, micro sociologic, leading to a study of surveys. The object of study is to find learning kinds, and the unit of analysis were 529 high school students between 16 and 21 years old. Its purpose is to understand the impact of learning by rote, guided, self learned and meaningful learning and its achievement degree besides the learning outcomes of differentiated curriculum based on David Ausubel's thoughts, associated with different economic specialties (MINEDUC, 1998) where the population of the study is trained. To collect data, the test TADA - DO2 was used, this test has a reliability index of 0.911 according to Cronbach. From the hits it can be stated from the null hypothesis that there is a significant association ( a = 0,05) between the learning kinds and the learning expected of differentiated training plan for both, male and female. It is complex to state that the training of the middle-level technicians leads to a successful employment.

Eduardo Olivera Rivera; Juan Donoso Gómez; Ángela Orellana Saavedra

2011-01-01

17

Tipos de aprendizaje en estudiantes de enseñanza media técnico profesional: Un análisis desde la teoría de David Ausubel/ Learning kinds for students of technical high school: An analysis from the David Ausubel's theory  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este artigo apresenta os resultados da pesquisa de campo, não experimental, observacional, correlacional, básico, transacional, dados mistos, sociologia micro, levando a umestudo de inquéritos. O propósito do estudosão os tipos de aprendizagem e a unidade de análiseforam 529 estudantes do ensinomédio e técnico Nm3 NM4 Professional, entre 16 e 21 anos de idade , seu objetivo é compreender o impacto da aprendizagemmecânica, guiada, auto e significativa o nível de (more) realização e resultados de aprendizagem do currículo diferenciados com base no pensamento de David Ausubel, associadas a diferentes especialidades econômica (MINEDUC, 1998) que sãoprofissionalmenteassuntos. Para coletar dados de teste foi utilizado TADA - DO2, o teste temum índice de confiabilidade de 0,911 de acordocom Cronbach. Do bate pode-se afirmar a partir da acusação da hipótese nula de que nãoháassociação significativa (a = 0, 0 5) entre os tipos de aprendizagem e de aprendizagem esperados do plano de formação diferenciada para ambos os sexos masculino e feminino. Indicam que a formação de técnicos de nívelmédio para umacolocaçãobem sucedida do trabalho de seus graduados, esta é umatarefa complexa. Abstract in spanish Este artículo presenta los hallazgos de una investigación de campo, no experimental, observacional, correlacional, básica, transeccional, de datos mixtos, micro sociológica, dando lugar a un estudio de encuestas. El objeto de estudio son los tipos de aprendizaje y la unidad de análisis fueron 529 estudiantes de enseñanza media Técnico Profesional de N M 3 y NM 4 entre 16 y 21 años de edad; su propósito es conocer el impacto del aprendizaje memorístico, guiado, a (more) utónomo y significativo en el nivel de logro y resultados de aprendizaje del plan de estudio diferenciado , b asado en el pensamiento de David Ausubel , asociado a las distintas Áreas Económicas y especialidades (MINEDUC, 1998) donde se forman profesionalmente los sujetos de estudio. P ar a reunir dato s s e aplic ó el test TADA - DO 2 ; la prueba presenta un índice de confiabilidad de 0, 911 según Cronbach . Desde los aciertos se puede aseverar desde el e n j u i ciamiento de la hipótesis nula, que hay asociación significativa a = 0,05) entre los tipos de aprendizaje y los aprendizajes esperados del plan de formación profesional diferenciado tanto para el género masculino como femenino.I ndicar que la formación de técnicos de nivel medio para una inserción laboral exitosa de sus titulados, r esulta se r una tarea compleja. Abstract in english This article presents the findings of a field research, not experimental, observational, correlating, basic, of mixed data, micro sociologic, leading to a study of surveys. The object of study is to find learning kinds, and the unit of analysis were 529 high school students between 16 and 21 years old. Its purpose is to understand the impact of learning by rote, guided, self learned and meaningful learning and its achievement degree besides the learning outcomes of differ (more) entiated curriculum based on David Ausubel's thoughts, associated with different economic specialties (MINEDUC, 1998) where the population of the study is trained. To collect data, the test TADA - DO2 was used, this test has a reliability index of 0.911 according to Cronbach. From the hits it can be stated from the null hypothesis that there is a significant association ( a = 0,05) between the learning kinds and the learning expected of differentiated training plan for both, male and female. It is complex to state that the training of the middle-level technicians leads to a successful employment.

Olivera Rivera, Eduardo; Donoso Gómez, Juan; Orellana Saavedra, Ángela

2011-12-01

18

David Bowie's Hauntology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

David Bowie's now-defunct rock-opera trilogy's first installment 1. Outside is filled with uncanny mediations of rock music's chameleon. The inner sleeve booklet is titled The Diary of Nathan Adler, or the Ritual Art-Murder of Baby Grace Blue: A non-linear Gothic Drama Hyper-Cycle. Behind this long-...

Christiansen, Steen Ledet

19

A contribuição de David Garland: a sociologia da punição The work of David Garland: the sociology of punishment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma revisão das discussões teóricas acerca da punição e das políticas de segurança no mundo contemporâneo, tendo por foco principal o trabalho de David Garland, Punishment and modern society: a study in social theory.The article presents a review of the theoretical discussions on punishment and security policies in the contemporary world, focusing in particular on the work of David Garland, Punishment and modern society: a study in social theory.

Fernando Salla; Maitê Gauto; Marcos César Alvarez

2006-01-01

20

David Bowie's Hauntology  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

David Bowie's now-defunct rock-opera trilogy's first installment 1. Outside is filled with uncanny mediations of rock music's chameleon. The inner sleeve booklet is titled The Diary of Nathan Adler, or the Ritual Art-Murder of Baby Grace Blue: A non-linear Gothic Drama Hyper-Cycle. Behind this long-winded title, is the story of a murder, narrated by several characters through both text, music and images. Bowie, however, is the narrator of all these different voices, using technology to distort his voice into these different characters as separate entities. His voice and presence haunts the entire album in uncanny forms, just as all images in the booklet are distorted images of Bowie himself, made into uncanny doubles. The story begins with the murder of Baby Grace Blue, who is enacted by Bowie himself. Symbolically, Bowie is murdered by himself, while Baby Grace haunts the entire album's Gothic and labyrinthine structure. My paper will focus on the mediated double of David Bowie, his ventriloquist voiceand simulacral presence as character, creator and ghost. I will problematize the notion of an outside to the album, focussing on what can be termed the album's hauntological status.

Christiansen, Steen Ledet

 
 
 
 
21

Paranoid, moi? : Erasing David  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The article discusses the relationship between the subject of surveillance and documentary film. As its main example, it uses David Bonds Erasing David from 2009. The genre-specific and film historic aspects of this documentary is analysed and in a further perspective it serves as the point of departure for a more general theoretical discussion of surveillance. Through the treatment of its content and the conceptual framework, Bonds film place itself within what could appropriately be termed the “popular cultural documentary”. What characterises this part of the genre is a critical approach bordering on activism. This is sought combined with the ability to entertain the audience through elements of fiction and comic relief while attempting an analysis of a current and often controversial subject. Michael Moore’s productions are the most successful examples of this filmmaking strategy and two film analytical approaches based on Moore’s 1989 debut Roger & Me is used evaluate the aesthetic and conceptual coherence in Bonds work.     Following this, a three-part taxonomy for the analytical and normative understand of the surveillance phenomenon and its socio-cultural and political implications is established. These are termed: The critical-subversive, the Para cultural and the affirmative mode of understanding. The critical-subversive mode is comparable to the expository documentary form. A strategy, that whether academic or aesthetic, aims at the disclosure of hidden societal mechanisms by way of facts. In a theoretical perspective, this is discussed with Foucault’s idea of the panopticon and more recently Bruno Latour’s corrective counter-concept oligopticon. The Para cultural intervention is explained with Michel de Certeau’s understanding of ‘tactical re-appropriation’. This strategy, like the previous one, is sceptical of a surveillance society and its implications, though it establishes a different, temporary form of critical stanza. The last mode of portrayal is the affirmative. This is directly connectedto the popular cultural representation of surveillance technologies. According to the German art historian O. K. Werkmeister, these are ascribed an almost omnipresent potential. This creates an internalisation of the surveillance culture, one which is paradoxically endorsed by both its supporters and critics.                       Both the theoretical perspective and the film analytical approach to Bonds film determine problematic weaknesses in his project. Bond tends to invest more in cracking the ‘formula’ for a successful presentation of his material, than discovering new formalistic or analytical territory in the filmic exposure of current surveillance culture. 

Pedersen, Peter Ole; LØhmann Stephensen, Jan

2010-01-01

22

Laurance David Hall.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

An account is given of the life, scientific contributions, and passing of Laurance David Hall (1938-2009), including his early history and education at the University of Bristol, UK, and the synthesis and NMR spectroscopy of carbohydrates and other natural products during ?20 years of research and teaching at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. Lists of graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, and sabbatical visitors are provided for this period. Following a generous endowment by Dr. Herchel Smith, Professor Hall built a new Department of Medicinal Chemistry at Cambridge University, UK, and greatly expanded his researches into the technology and applications of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and zero quantum NMR. MRI technology was applied both to medical problems such as the characterization of cartilage degeneration in knee joints, the measurement of ventricular function, lipid localization in animal models of atherosclerosis, paramagnetic metal complexes of polysaccharides as contrast agents, and studies of many other anatomical features, but also to several aspects of materials analysis, including food analyses, process control, and the elucidation of such physical phenomena as the flow of liquids through porous media, defects in concrete, and the visualization of fungal damage to wood. Professor Hall's many publications, patents, lectures, and honors and awards are described, and also his successful effort to keep the Asilomar facility in Pacific Grove, California as the alternating venue for the annual Experimental NMR Conference. Two memorial services for Professor Hall are remembered.

Coxon B

2011-01-01

23

David Hume e o conhecimento  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nesta breve introdução ao empirismo de David Hume, serão abordadas as seções II a IV do “Investigação Acerca do Entendimento Humano”, de 1748, a partir da tradução para a coleção “Os Pensadores”.

Leandro Laube

2010-01-01

24

David H. Davies: An Appreciation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report eulogizes David H. Davies, leading research scientist at the Oceanographic Research Institute at Durban, South Africa. Dr. Davies' interests in the biology of sharks and the shark hazard problem were reflected in his broad program of shark inve...

P. W. Gilbert

1966-01-01

25

David's Understanding of Functions and Periodicity  

Science.gov (United States)

This is a study of David, a senior enrolled in a high school precalculus course. David's understandings of functions and periodicity was explored, through clinical interviews and contextualized through classroom observations. Although David's precalculus class was traditional his understanding of periodic functions was unconventional David engaged…

Gerson, Hope

2008-01-01

26

A Teoria da Consciência de David Chalmers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo tem por objetivo apresentar e discutir a teoria da consciência elaborada pelo filósofo David Chalmers no seu livro The Conscious Mind, publicado em 1996. O artigo é dividido em duas partes. A primeira expõe os principais delineamentos da teoria de Chalmers; a segunda discute seus principais conceitos, abordando a plausibilidade metafísica da existência dos "zumbis" e a idéia de superveniência.The paper focuses on Chalmer´s theory of consciousness as it is presented in his most recent book, The Conscious Mind, published in 1996. The first part is devoted to a presentation of the main outlines of Chalmer´s theory. The second part discusses such a theory by focusing on the metaphysical plausibility of the existence of zombies as well as on the notion of supervenience.

João de Fernandes Teixeira

1997-01-01

27

David McAllester  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

: This paper describes Ontic, a higher order formal specificationlanguage designed for expressing formal concepts as clearly and concisely aspossible. The consiceness and clarity is achieved through the use of nondeterminism.In a nondeterministic language each term has a set of possiblevalues. This improves conciseness in a variety of ways. First, since terms denotessets, nondeterminism allows terms to be used as types. Second, sinceeach term has a set of possible values it is natural for a term not to have anyvalues. This provides a natural representation of partial functions. Third,nondeterminism allows a single recursive definition and induction mechanismto be used for both data type definition and recursive function definition.Fourth, nondeterminism provides a clean integration of programming languagesand set theory. Ontic has the expressive power of ZFC set theory.This paper presents the syntax and semantics of Ontic together with a largecollection of examples of Onti...

David Mcallester

28

David McAllester  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

: Ontic is a higher order formal specification language designedfor expressing formal concepts as clearly and concisely as possible. Theconsiceness and clarity is achieved through the use of nondeterminism. Ina nondeterministic language each term has a set of possible values. Thisimproves conciseness in a variety of ways. First, since terms denotes sets,nondeterminism allows terms to be used as types. Second, since each termhas a set of possible values it is natural for a term not to have any values.This provides a natural representation of partial functions. Third, nondeterminismallows a single recursive definition and induction mechanism to beused for both data type definition and recursive function definition. Fourth,nondeterminism provides a clean integration of programming languages andset theory. Ontic has the expressive power of ZFC set theory. This paperpresents the syntax and semantics of Ontic together with a large collection ofexamples of Ontic definitions. The ...

David Mcallester

29

Dwight David Eisenhower: A Bibliography.  

Science.gov (United States)

This bibliography of materials about Dwight David Eisenhower, a 1915 graduate of the United States Military Academy, was prepared in commemoration of the one hundredth anniversary of Eisenhower's birth, October 14, 1990. Materials presented include archives, audiovisuals, books, dissertations, journal articles and special collections. (DB)

Yorke, Holbrook W., Comp.

30

[Movement disorders in David Copperfield  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Charles Dickens' novels are a source of vivid neurological descriptions. Besides Pickwickian syndrome, many other neurological descriptions can be found in Dickens' novels. David Copperfield contains several characters with movement disorders including generalized dystonia (Mr. Uriah Heep), restless legs syndrome (the waiter), cervical dystonia (Mr. Sharp) and spasmodic dysphonia (Mr. Creakle). These neurological descriptions an probably based on the observation of actual patients.

Gar?ia Ruiz PJ; Gulliksen LL

1999-08-01

31

Generalized Stillinger--David Potential  

CERN Multimedia

We present an improved version of the Stillinger--David polarization potential of the intermolecular interaction in water. A clear algorithm of construction of a function describing the oxygen-hydrogen interaction in water molecules is formulated. A new approach to the modeling of a function screening the charge-dipole interaction on small distances is developed. To describe the long-range asymptotics of the intermolecular potential, the bare Stillinger--David potential is supplemented by a term related to the interaction of dipole moments of oxygen ions. In addition, we introduce a term involving a deformation of the electron shells of oxygen ions to the polarization component. These corrections allow us to successfully reproduce all essential results of quantum mechanical calculations of the interaction energy for water molecules obtained by Clementi. Analyzing the behavior of the dipole moment of a water molecule as a function of the intermolecular distance, we obtain the estimate of irreducible two-partic...

Zhyganiuk, Igor

2012-01-01

32

David Baldwin's Trauma Information Pages  

Science.gov (United States)

The Trauma Information Pages, provided by psychologist David Baldwin, provide information about traumatic stress for clinicians and researchers in the field. The pages include information on trauma symptoms, connections to trauma resources including full text articles and an EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) bibliography, general support information including grief, stress, and mental health pointers, disaster handouts and links, and links to other trauma and trauma related sites. The Trauma Pages are searchable.

Baldwin, David V.

1997-01-01

33

The Star of David Rule  

CERN Multimedia

In this note, a new concept called {\\em $SDR$-matrix} is proposed, which is an infinite lower triangular matrix obeying the generalized rule of David star. Some basic properties of $SDR$-matrices are discussed and two conjectures on $SDR$-matrices are presented, one of which states that if a matrix is a $SDR$-matrix, then so is its matrix inverse (if exists).

Sun, Yidong

2008-01-01

34

DAVID gene ID conversion tool  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Our current biological knowledge is spread over many independent bioinformatics databases where many different types of gene and protein identifiers are used. The heterogeneous and redundant nature of these identifiers limits data analysis across different bioinformatics resources. It is an even more serious bottleneck of data analysis for larger datasets, such as gene lists derived from microarray and proteomic experiments. The DAVID Gene ID Conversion Tool (DICT), a web-based application, is able to convert user's input gene or gene product identifiers from one type to another in a more comprehensive and high-throughput manner with a uniquely enhanced ID-ID mapping database.

Da Wei Huang; Brad T. Sherman; Robert Stephens; Michael W. Baseler; H. Clifford Lane; Richard A. Lempicki

2008-01-01

35

David Owen Williams (1944 - 2006)  

CERN Multimedia

Many people, not only at CERN but also throughout the world, were saddened to learn that their friend and colleague David Williams had passed away in the early hours of Tuesday 24 October. His death came after a year of fighting cancer with all of his usual determination and optimism. Even days before the end he was still welcoming to visitors, and was alert and interested in all their news. Born in 1944, David came to CERN from the University of Cambridge in 1966, with a degree in Physics and Computer Science. Joining what at the time was called the Documents and Data (DD) Division, in the earlier part his career he worked first on software for analysis of bubble chamber photographs, subsequently leading the group that supported experiments with 'hybrids' of bubble chambers and electronic detectors and then the group supporting online computing in experiments. He thus witnessed all of the enormous changes that took place in particle physics as the era of bubble chambers came to an end and the availability ...

2006-01-01

36

Do Surrealismo em David Lynch  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O surrealismo, como a arte do seu tempo, propõe uma nova estética, capaz de extrair o belo do absurdo e de instaurar o desvio para que daí surja, de fato, o real. Através da análise de algumas obras de David Lynch e dos livros Les champs magnétiques de Breton e Philippe Soupault e Poisson soluble, de Breton, irei mostrar a pertinência da designação surrealista para a obra do cineasta norte-americano. Lynch, como os surrealistas, constrói uma operação dialética entre o racional/irracional. Ao mesmo tempo em que opera no campo artístico em direção à irracionalidade absoluta, Lynch não nega a sua inserção na sociedade. Acredito que o realizador, como os surrealistas, tenha conseguido encontrar um equilíbrio entre as duas formas de se estar no mundo, racional/irracional, jogando com suas antíteses. O prazer do jogo surrealista consiste em ir até as profundezas do inconsciente e retornar com matéria suficiente para fazer uma obra de arte.Surrealism, as the art of its time, proposes a new aesthetics, one that is able to extract the beautiful from the absurd and to establish the swerve from the standard, from which, in fact, the real comes through. Through the analysis of some works by David Lynch, of Breton and Soupault's Les champs magnétiques, and of Breton's Poisson soluble, I will attempt to show the relevance of the surrealist designation for the work of the American filmmaker. Lynch, like the surrealists, builds a dialectic operation between the rational and the irrational. While operating in the artistic field towards absolute irrationality, Lynch does not deny its role in society. It is my belief that the director, as the surrealists, has managed to find a balance between the two ways of being in the world: rational and irrational; by playing with their antitheses. The pleasure of the surrealist game is to go to the depths of the unconscious and return with sufficient material to make a work of art out of it.

Mirian Tavares

2009-01-01

37

Do Surrealismo em David Lynch  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O surrealismo, como a arte do seu tempo, propõe uma nova estética, capaz de extrair o belo do absurdo e de instaurar o desvio para que daí surja, de fato, o real. Através da análise de algumas obras de David Lynch e dos livros Les champs magnétiques de Breton e Philippe Soupault e Poisson soluble, de Breton, irei mostrar a pertinência da designação surrealista para a obra do cineasta norte-americano. Lynch, como os surrealistas, constrói uma operação dialétic (more) a entre o racional/irracional. Ao mesmo tempo em que opera no campo artístico em direção à irracionalidade absoluta, Lynch não nega a sua inserção na sociedade. Acredito que o realizador, como os surrealistas, tenha conseguido encontrar um equilíbrio entre as duas formas de se estar no mundo, racional/irracional, jogando com suas antíteses. O prazer do jogo surrealista consiste em ir até as profundezas do inconsciente e retornar com matéria suficiente para fazer uma obra de arte. Abstract in english Surrealism, as the art of its time, proposes a new aesthetics, one that is able to extract the beautiful from the absurd and to establish the swerve from the standard, from which, in fact, the real comes through. Through the analysis of some works by David Lynch, of Breton and Soupault's Les champs magnétiques, and of Breton's Poisson soluble, I will attempt to show the relevance of the surrealist designation for the work of the American filmmaker. Lynch, like the surrea (more) lists, builds a dialectic operation between the rational and the irrational. While operating in the artistic field towards absolute irrationality, Lynch does not deny its role in society. It is my belief that the director, as the surrealists, has managed to find a balance between the two ways of being in the world: rational and irrational; by playing with their antitheses. The pleasure of the surrealist game is to go to the depths of the unconscious and return with sufficient material to make a work of art out of it.

Tavares, Mirian

2009-01-01

38

Omadraama pärjas eestlasi / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Balti teatrifestivalil "OmaDraama 2006" nähtud etendustest said viis auhinda eestlased - Mart Kivastik näidendi "Põrgu Wärk" eest, Hendrik Toompere lavastuse eest, Harriet Toompere naisosatäitmise eest, Jan Uuspõld Wiiralti kehastamise eest ning Margus Prangel Tuglase osa eest; Merle Karusoo sai auhinna järjepidevuse eest sotsiaalselt aktuaalsete probleemide tõstatamisel. Ülejäänud kaks auhinda said läti trupi lavastus "P:S. Pöialpoiss" ning leedu luuletaja ja näitleja Birute Mar Salomeja Nerise kuju eest lavastuses "Poetess"

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2006-01-01

39

A Mecânica Quântica de David Bohm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available     A interpretação bohmiana da Mecânica Quântica representa uma    das principais alternativas ao modelo hegemônico proposto pela Escola de Copenhague. Apresentar, sucintamente, seus principais aspectos conceituais, é o objetivo do presente artigo. David Bohm’s Quantum Mechanics    Bohm’s interpretation of Quantum Mechanics appears as one of the main alternatives to the hegemonic model proposed by the Copenhagen School. This works aims at making a concise presentation of the outlines and the main conceptual framework of the approach followed by David Bohm.

Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista; José Abdalla Helayël-Neto

2010-01-01

40

David's Dying Directives according to Josephus  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available 1 Kgs 2,1-9, «the testament of David», records the king's final instructions to his son Solomon. This article offers a detailed study of Josephus' version (Ant. 7.383- 388) of the testament in relation to its biblical source. The study focusses particularly on the textual affinities of Josephus' presentation, given the differences among the various ancient versions (MT, LXX, Targum) of the testament. The article likewise examines the range of re-writing techniques utilized by Josephus in Ant. 7.383-388 and their contribution in generating a distinctive rendition of David's testament.1 Re 2,1-9, «el testamento de David», recoge las últimas instrucciones del rey para su hijo Salomón. Este artículo ofrece un detallado estudio de la versión de Josefo (Ant. 7.383-388) del testamento en relación con su fuente bíblica. El estudio se centra especialmente en las afinidades textuales de la presentación de Josefo, a la vista de las diferencias entre las distintas versiones antiguas del testamento (TM, LXX, Targum). Así mismo, el artículo examina las diferentes técnicas de reescritura empleadas por Josefo en Ant. 7.383-388 y su contribución a la producción de una versión diferenciada del testamento de David.

Begg, Christopher

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Family Matters: A Conversation with David Popenoe  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents an interview with Professor David Popenoe, author of the controversial book "Disturbing the Nest: Family Change and Decline in Modern Societies" (1988). Popenoe heads the National Marriage Project at Rutgers University, where he taught sociology for forty-five years until his recent retirement. Here, Popenoe discusses his…

Iannone, Carol

2009-01-01

42

David Bruce Payton : väikeriigid mõistavad üksteist / David Bruce Payton ; interv. Marianne Mikko  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Uus-Meremaa suursaadik Eestis David Bruce Payton talupidaja toetamise loobumisest Uus-Meremaal, Uus-Meremaa põllumajandussektorist, veinidest, ekspordist, Eesti saamisest EL-i ja NATO liikmeks, Uus-Meremaa rahvastikust, elatustasemest, Iraagi võimalikust ründamisest, Põhja-Koreast

Payton, David Bruce

2003-01-01

43

Clássicos versus Keynes: a abordagem formal de David Champernowne  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este texto tem por objetivo ressaltar um aspecto que não tem sido tratado com a devida profundidade na literatura que estuda a formalização da Teoria Geral do Emprego, dos Juros e da Moeda de John Maynard Keynes (1936). Mais precisamente, o texto destaca a estratégia de formalização adotada por David G. Champernowne em seu artigo intitulado "Unemployment, Basic and Monetary: the classical analysis and the keynesian", publicado em 1935-36 na Review of Economic Studies. Chamamos a atenção para o fato dele distinguir a teoria clássica da teoria de Keynes não apenas pelos pressupostos adotados por cada teoria, mas principalmente pela construção de subsistemas a partir de um sistema geral, com características recursivas (relações de causalidade) distintas. As explicações "em prosa", a descrição algébrica das funções comportamentais e condições de equilíbrio e a ilustração por meio de diagramas, além da escolha de conjuntos específicos de variáveis para representar cada uma das teorias e suas diferentes versões são aspectos deste artigo de Champernowne que merecem uma análise mais minuciosa.This paper aims at emphasizing a feature that has been somewhat neglected by studies dealing with the formalization of John Maynard Keynes's General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936). Specifically, this paper stresses the formalization strategy David G. Champernowne applied in his essay "Unemployment, Basic and Monetary: the classical analysis and the Keynesian", published in 1935-36 in the Review of Economic Studies. We underline the fact that he distinguishes the Classical Analysis from the Keynesian not only by means of the different assumptions underlying each theory but mainly through the construction of sub-systems based on a general system, with distinctive recursive features (causal relations). His literary explanations, the algebraic descriptions of the behavioral functions and of the equilibrium conditions and his diagrammatical illustrations as well as the choice of specific groups of variables to stand for each of these theories (and variants) are features of this Champernowne's essay that deserve a more attentive assessment.

Cláudia Heller; Jaylson Jair da Silveira

2012-01-01

44

Obituary: David Stanley Evans, 1916-2004  

Science.gov (United States)

David Stanley Evans died on 14 November 2004 in Austin, Texas. He was a noted observational astronomer whose career was divided between South Africa and Texas. He also used the extensive historical collections at the University of Texas to write several books on the history of astronomy. He was born in Cardiff, Wales on 28 January 1916. David received his BA degree in mathematics in 1937 from Kings College, Cambridge. He became a PhD student at Cambridge Observatory in 1937, and was one of Sir Arthur Eddington's last surviving students. He received his PhD degree in 1941 with a dissertation entitled, "The Formation of the Balmer Series of Hydrogen in Stellar Atmospheres." He was a conscientious objector to war and, thus, spent the war years at Oxford working with physicist Kurt Mendelssohn on medical problems, involving cadavers, relating to the war. During these years, David was scientific editor of "Discovery", and he was editor of "The Observatory". David left England in 1946 in order to take up the position of Second Assistant at the Radcliffe Observatory, Pretoria, South Africa. He and H. Knox Shaw were the entire staff after R. O. Redman left, and they aluminized and installed the mirrors in the 74-inch telescope. His notable scientific contribution was to use lunar occultations to measure stellar angular diameters during the 1950s. He succeeded in determining the angular diameter of Antares and determined that Arcturus was not circular but had an elliptical shape. The elliptical shape was later shown to be an instrumental artifact, but the utility of using lunar occultations to measure stellar diameters and stellar multiplicity was conclusively demonstrated. T. Gold presented David's paper on lunar occultation angular diameters at the January 1953 meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society. For the rest of his life, David resented Gold's remarks, because he felt that he had been ridiculed. By 1953, David Evans was Chief Assistant at the Royal Observatory headquartered in Cape Town, South Africa. David had designed and built a Newtonian spectrograph for the 74-inch Radcliffe Telescope with which he measured the first southern galaxy redshifts. David and his family spent 1965-66 in Austin, Texas, where he was a National Science Foundation Senior Visiting Scientist at the University of Texas and McDonald Observatory. They moved permanently to Austin in 1968 and David became a Professor of Astronomy and Associate Director of McDonald Observatory at the University of Texas at Austin. At McDonald Observatory, R. E. Nather had devised a high-speed photometer capable of measuring millisecond time-scale changes in brightness and with Brian Warner, he invented "high-speed astronomy". This instrument caused Evans to revive his occultation program and, over the next twenty years, he produced the major part of the angular diameters of late-type stars with his students and collaborators. In addition, David and collaborators used the extensive collections of the University of Texas to write "Herschel at the Cape". David was also involved in observing the occultation of ? Sco by Jupiter in 1972 and in observing, during a solar eclipse in 1973, the gravitational deflections in the positions of stars whose light passes near to the Sun. The eclipse was observed from Mauritania, and the observations confirmed Einstein's prediction again. David Evans and his students studied late-type stars that have large star-spots and others that flare. In addition, they studied stars whose lunar occultation observations had revealed them to be double or even more than two stars. David Evans's major scientific contribution was an application of his stellar angular diameters to deduce the surface brightness of stars with the result that with suitable color indices one could use photometry to deduce the angular diameter of stars. This is applicable to stars which can never be occulted by the Moon, and its application to Cepheid variable stars has yielded their distances. This relation between angular d

Bash, Frank N.

2005-12-01

45

David Alan Walker (1928-2012).  

Science.gov (United States)

David Alan Walker, Emeritus Professor of Biology, University of Sheffield, UK and Fellow of the Royal Society, died on February 13, 2012. David had a marvelous 60 year career as a scientist, during which he was a researcher, mentor, valued colleague, and a prolific writer in the field of photosynthesis. His career was marked by creative breakthroughs in isolation and analysis of chloroplast metabolism in vitro and simple but valuable technical advances for measurement of photosynthesis in vivo that remain relevant on a global scale to production of crops and biofuels, as well as plant responses to climate change. We include here personal remembrances by the authors (GEE and UH), and by (in alphabetical order): Zoran Cerovic (France), Bob Furbank (Australia), Geoffrey Hind (USA), John Humby (UK), Agu Laisk (Estonia), Peter Lea (UK), Ross Lilley (Australia), Barry Osmond (Australia), Simon Robinson (Australia) and Charles Stirling (UK). PMID:22638915

Edwards, Gerald E; Heber, Ulrich

2012-05-26

46

A Teoria da Consciência de David Chalmers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo tem por objetivo apresentar e discutir a teoria da consciência elaborada pelo filósofo David Chalmers no seu livro The Conscious Mind, publicado em 1996. O artigo é dividido em duas partes. A primeira expõe os principais delineamentos da teoria de Chalmers; a segunda discute seus principais conceitos, abordando a plausibilidade metafísica da existência dos "zumbis" e a idéia de superveniência.

Teixeira João de Fernandes

1997-01-01

47

OVERLAPPING IDENTITIES IN DAVID JONES’ POETRY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available David Jones was a twentieth-century British modernist poet, with mixed English and Welsh parentage, and a concern about the English and Welsh elements in British identity, as well as the place of British identity in European, and Western, identity. I shall examine how Jones expresses this concern in his poetry and propose that it is Jones’ teleological world view which allows him to see different levels of identity as harmonising rather than as in conflict.

Martin POTTER

2010-01-01

48

The Evolving Dynamics of Organizational Capabilities : An Interview with David J. Teece  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In this paper, Mie Augier provides a rich description of the intellectual traditions, the signifi-cant people and academic institutions that in some way or another made a difference to Davis Teece's own intellectual development. In this sense, it is a dynamic account of the emerging career of a distinguished scholar - but not only that. It is also a description of the co-development of three major disciplinary fields; organization theory, economics and strategic management during three decades or so. David Teece has made several important contribu-tions, perhaps most notably to economics (on the theory of the firm and transaction cost eco-nomics) and strategic management (on dynamic capabilities) while drawing upon organization theory and notions such as organizational routines and bounded rationality. In addition, Augier also provides an interview with David Teece, a true scholar still unsettled with what has been achieved so far - in all three fields: `Maybe I'm wrong; and maybe technology is a special caseand maybe technology and organization do not belong at the core of the theory of the firm. My intuition tells me otherwise.' (David Teece, quoted in this issue).

Augier, Mie-Sophia

2004-01-01

49

Die Krise verstehen. Rezension zu: Felix Wiegand "David Harveys urbane politische Ökonomie"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Mietsteigerungen, Zwangsräumungen, gewalttätige Auseinandersetzungen in den Peripherien europäischer Großstädte – die aktuelle Krise des Finanzkapitalismus wird vor allem in Städten sichtbar. Damit stellen sich nicht nur Fragen nach politischen Strategien für den Umgang mit den vielfältigen Widersprüchen und Konflikten, sondern auch nach einem theoretischen Rahmen, der in der Lage ist, zum Verständnis der derzeitigen Krise und ihrer städtischen Ausprägungen beizutragen. David Harveys Theorie kapitalistischer Urbanisierung ist hierfür ein zentraler Bezugspunkt. ...

Matthias Naumann

2013-01-01

50

David Ferrier: Brain drawings and brain maps.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This chapter has two emphases, one is about the men who influenced the visual representations that David Ferrier (1843-1928) used to illustrate his work on localization of brain functions during the years 1873-1875, namely, Alexander Ecker, John C. Galton, and Ernest Waterlow, and the other is about the nature of medical representations and of Ferrier's illustrations in particular. Medical illustrations are characterized either as pictures, line drawings, or brain maps. Ferrier's illustrations will be shown to be increasingly sophisticated brain maps that contrast with early nineteenth-century standards of medical illustrations, as exemplified by John Bell (1763-1829).

Lazar JW

2013-01-01

51

Nähtamatu revolutsioon / David R. Smith ; interv. Philip Ball  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Tehisstruktuuriga metamaterjalid võivad põhjapanevalt muuta telekommunikatsiooni, andmekandjaid ja isegi päikeseenergeetikat, kinnitab Duke?i ülikooli töörühma juht David R. Smith. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat 2007

Smith, David R.

2007-01-01

52

Clássicos versus Keynes: a abordagem formal de David Champernowne  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Este texto tem por objetivo ressaltar um aspecto que não tem sido tratado com a devida profundidade na literatura que estuda a formalização da Teoria Geral do Emprego, dos Juros e da Moeda de John Maynard Keynes (1936). Mais precisamente, o texto destaca a estratégia de formalização adotada por David G. Champernowne em seu artigo intitulado "Unemployment, Basic and Monetary: the classical analysis and the keynesian", publicado em 1935-36 na Review of Economic Studie (more) s. Chamamos a atenção para o fato dele distinguir a teoria clássica da teoria de Keynes não apenas pelos pressupostos adotados por cada teoria, mas principalmente pela construção de subsistemas a partir de um sistema geral, com características recursivas (relações de causalidade) distintas. As explicações "em prosa", a descrição algébrica das funções comportamentais e condições de equilíbrio e a ilustração por meio de diagramas, além da escolha de conjuntos específicos de variáveis para representar cada uma das teorias e suas diferentes versões são aspectos deste artigo de Champernowne que merecem uma análise mais minuciosa. Abstract in english This paper aims at emphasizing a feature that has been somewhat neglected by studies dealing with the formalization of John Maynard Keynes's General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money (1936). Specifically, this paper stresses the formalization strategy David G. Champernowne applied in his essay "Unemployment, Basic and Monetary: the classical analysis and the Keynesian", published in 1935-36 in the Review of Economic Studies. We underline the fact that he distinguis (more) hes the Classical Analysis from the Keynesian not only by means of the different assumptions underlying each theory but mainly through the construction of sub-systems based on a general system, with distinctive recursive features (causal relations). His literary explanations, the algebraic descriptions of the behavioral functions and of the equilibrium conditions and his diagrammatical illustrations as well as the choice of specific groups of variables to stand for each of these theories (and variants) are features of this Champernowne's essay that deserve a more attentive assessment.

Heller, Cláudia; Silveira, Jaylson Jair da

2012-03-01

53

RDAVIDWebService: a versatile R interface to DAVID.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

SUMMARY: the RDAVIDWebService package provides a class-based interface from R programs/scripts to fully access/control the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID), without the need for human interaction on its website (http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov). The library enhances DAVID capabilities for Gene Ontology analysis by means of GOstats-based direct acyclic graph conversion methods, in addition to the usual many-genes-to-many-terms visualization. AVAILABILITY: RDAVIDWebService is available as an R package from the Bioconductor project (www.bioconductor.org) and on the authors' website (www.bdmg.com.ar) under GPL-2 license, subjected to the terms of use of DAVID (http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov/content.jsp?file=WS.html). CONTACT: cfresno@bdmg.com.ar or efernandez@bdmg.com.ar.

Fresno C; Fernández EA

2013-08-01

54

David D. Derse, 1949-2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract David D. Derse, Ph.D., Head of the Retrovirus Gene Expression Section in the HIV Drug Resistance Program at the National Cancer Institute-Frederick (NCI-Frederick), passed away on October 9, 2009, a scant six weeks after being diagnosed with liver cancer. It was with great sadness that family, friends, and colleagues gathered together for his memorial service on Saturday, October 17, 2009, at the Middletown United Methodist Church in Maryland. As a NCI scientist since 1986, Dave studied the molecular mechanisms of infection and replication of a number of different types of retroviruses. Dave became an internationally known expert on human T cell lymphotrophic viruses type 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2) and served on the editorial boards of Virology and Retrovirology. His most recent studies focused on the mechanisms of HTLV-1 virion morphogenesis, transmission, and replication.

Shuh Maureen

2009-01-01

55

David L. Rosenhan (1929-2012).  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents an obituary for David L. Rosenhan (1929-2012). A distinguished psychologist and professor emeritus at Stanford University, Rosenhan died February 6, 2012, at the age of 82, after a long illness. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on November 22, 1929, he received a bachelor's degree in mathematics (1951) from Yeshiva College and a master's degree in economics (1953) and a doctorate in psychology (1958) from Columbia University. A professor of law and of psychology at Stanford University from 1971 until his retirement in 1998, Rosenhan was a pioneer in applying psychological methods to the practice of law, including the examination of expert witnesses, jury selection, and jury deliberation. A former president of the American Psychology-Law Society and of the American Board of Forensic Psychology, Rosenhan was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, of the American Psychological Association, and of the American Psychological Society. Before joining the Stanford Law School faculty, he was a member of the faculties of Swarthmore College, Princeton University, Haverford College, and the University of Pennsylvania. He also served as a research psychologist at the Educational Testing Service. As generations of Stanford students can attest, David Rosenhan was a spellbinding lecturer who managed to convey the sense that he was speaking to each individual, no matter how large the group. To his graduate students, he was consistently encouraging and optimistic, always ready to share a joke or story, and gently encouraging of their creativity and progressive independence as researchers. The lessons he cared most about offering, in the classroom as in his research, were about human dignity and the need to confront abuse of power and human frailties. PMID:24016118

Ross, Lee; Kavanagh, David

2013-09-01

56

David L. Rosenhan (1929-2012).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Presents an obituary for David L. Rosenhan (1929-2012). A distinguished psychologist and professor emeritus at Stanford University, Rosenhan died February 6, 2012, at the age of 82, after a long illness. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on November 22, 1929, he received a bachelor's degree in mathematics (1951) from Yeshiva College and a master's degree in economics (1953) and a doctorate in psychology (1958) from Columbia University. A professor of law and of psychology at Stanford University from 1971 until his retirement in 1998, Rosenhan was a pioneer in applying psychological methods to the practice of law, including the examination of expert witnesses, jury selection, and jury deliberation. A former president of the American Psychology-Law Society and of the American Board of Forensic Psychology, Rosenhan was a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, of the American Psychological Association, and of the American Psychological Society. Before joining the Stanford Law School faculty, he was a member of the faculties of Swarthmore College, Princeton University, Haverford College, and the University of Pennsylvania. He also served as a research psychologist at the Educational Testing Service. As generations of Stanford students can attest, David Rosenhan was a spellbinding lecturer who managed to convey the sense that he was speaking to each individual, no matter how large the group. To his graduate students, he was consistently encouraging and optimistic, always ready to share a joke or story, and gently encouraging of their creativity and progressive independence as researchers. The lessons he cared most about offering, in the classroom as in his research, were about human dignity and the need to confront abuse of power and human frailties. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

Ross L; Kavanagh D

2013-09-01

57

Boundaries and interfaces in materials: The David A. Smith symposium  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Just over a year ago David Smith died. Then the loss of a distinguished scientist and dedicated teacher was mourned. Now it is time to celebrate his accomplishments both as a scientist and teacher and this book serves as a reminder of his many contributions to the field of boundaries and interfaces. Researchers from ten countries contributed their work to the symposium, many of whom were former students of David from his years in Oxford. This emphasizes David's tremendous effect on the career of many established scientists through his role as both a teacher and an advisor. Separate abstracts were prepared for 38 papers in this book

1998-01-01

58

Boundaries and interfaces in materials: The David A. Smith symposium  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Just over a year ago David Smith died. Then the loss of a distinguished scientist and dedicated teacher was mourned. Now it is time to celebrate his accomplishments both as a scientist and teacher and this book serves as a reminder of his many contributions to the field of boundaries and interfaces. Researchers from ten countries contributed their work to the symposium, many of whom were former students of David from his years in Oxford. This emphasizes David's tremendous effect on the career of many established scientists through his role as both a teacher and an advisor. Separate abstracts were prepared for 38 papers in this book.

Pond, R.C. (ed.) (Univ. of Liverpool (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering); Clark, W.A.T. (ed.) (Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering); King, A.H. (ed.) (State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook, NY (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering); Williams, D.B. (ed.) (Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States

1998-01-01

59

La economía emprendedora de David Audretsch  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pocos campos de la Economía cuentan con mejores bases teóricas que la Organización Industrial. Y David Audretsch ha contribuido en gran medida a mejorar el campo de la OI con sus modelos de emprendeduría y, también, con la inspiración y el estímulo que ha infundido a otros académicos. En el artículo publicado en este número monográfico, Audretsch plantea dos conceptos principales: uno es el modelo del filtro del conocimiento; el otro la idea de capital emprendedor. El concepto de filtro del conocimiento es central en la actual discusión sobre la relación entre la generación de conocimiento científico y tecnológico y su grado efectivo de traslación a innovaciones en el mercado. Muestra por qué y cómo los agentes que generan el conocimiento rara vez son los mismos que llegan a comercializarlos. Con frecuencia el puente es un emprendedor. La segunda idea aquí resaltada es el capital emprendedor y cómo la noción se ha popularizado gracias a la publicación de numerosos informes sobre tasas de creación de empresas. En este caso, aunque el concepto teórico sea valioso, ocurre que los estudios empíricos han arrojado pocos y contradictorios resultados.

Maria Callejón

2009-01-01

60

Eesti keel barbarite suus / David J. Peterson ; intervjueerinud Peeter Helme  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

USA telekanali HBO telesarjas "Troonide mäng" (mis on George R. R. Martini "Jää ja tule laulu" sarja esimese raamatu "Troonide mäng" teleekraniseering) tegeles dothraki keele loomisega keeleteadlane David J. Peterson

Peterson, David J.

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Käsitsi tegemise võlu / David Jones ; intervjueerinud Kai Lobjakas  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

10. Kohila keraamikasümpoosionil osalenud briti keraamik ja teoreetik David Jones endast, rakutehnikast, huvist põletamisega seonduvate teemade vastu, Kohila sümpoosioni raames tehtust, keraamika õpetamisest Inglismaal, käsitöö ja keraamika positsioonist praegu ja tulevikus jm.

Jones, David, 1953-

2010-01-01

62

Goliath contre David : Histoire brève de la lutte contre le travail organisé pour la paix  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Peer reviewed , Book review: Goliath vs David: A Short History of the Fight Against Organised Peace Work , Goliat contra David: breu història de la lluita contra el treball de pau organitzat. , Goliath contra David: Breve historia de la lucha contra el trabajo organizado para la paz. , Goliath contre David : Hi...

Clements, Kevin

63

Conhecimento e natureza na filosofía da David Hume  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La filosofía de Hume fue, durante mucho tiempo, percibida como una filosofía escéptica. Una interpretación naturalista pretende, entre tanto, atribuir nuevos sentidos al aspecto afirmativo de su filosofía, mostrando que Hume estaba interesado en aplicar el método experimental al estudio de la naturaleza humana. Su filosofía sería vista como una construcción sobre bases naturalísticas de una teoría del conocimiento y de la naturaleza humana. Eruditos como Kevin (more) Meeker pretenden afirmar que las conclusiones escépticas presentes en la obra de Hume imposibilitan una interpretación naturalista, prevaleciendo, así, una conclusión escéptica radical, de que el conocimiento no es posible. Se pretende mostrar, por medio de un examen de los textos de Hume, que el concepto de conocimiento del que parte Meeker, su concepción de naturalismo e incluso su concepción del papel del escepticismo en la filosofía de Hume están equivocados y que la opción naturalista es lo que da más sentido entre las interpretaciones posibles de su filosofía. Abstract in english The philosophy of David Hume was for a long time conceived as a skeptical philosophy. The naturalistic approach aims, about this point, provides new meanings to the affirmative aspect of his philosophy, by showing that Hume was interested in apply the experimental method in the study of human nature. Then, his philosophy could be seen as a construction - over naturalistic basis - of a theory of knowledge and human nature. Some critics like Kevin Meeker intent to claim tha (more) t the skeptic conclusions, present in Hume?s works makes impossible such a naturalistic view, prevailing after all the skeptical conclusion of the impossibility of knowledge. This enquiry wants to show, by an analysis of Hume?s texts, that the conceptions of knowledge, naturalism and even this conception of skepticism, applied to Hume?s philosophy is mistaken, and that the naturalistic outcome makes more sense, among the possible interpretations of Hume?s philosophy.

Morelli, José Claudio

2009-12-01

64

On an Argument of David Deutsch  

CERN Multimedia

We analyse an argument of Deutsch (1999), which purports to show that the deterministic part of classical quantum theory together with deterministic axioms of classical decision theory, together imply that a rational decision maker behaves as if the probabilistic part of quantum theory (Born's law) is true. We uncover two missing assumptions in the argument, and show that the argument also works for an instrumentalist who is prepared to accept that the outcome of a quantum measurement is random in the frequentist sense: Born's law is a consequence of functional and unitary invariance principles belonging to the deterministic part of quantum mechanics. Unfortunately, it turns out that after the necessary corrections we have done no more than give an easier proof of Gleason's (1957) theorem under stronger assumptions. However, for some special cases the proof method gives positive results while using different assumptions to Gleason. This leads to the conjecture that the proof could be improved to give the same...

Gill, R D

2003-01-01

65

Tampere Teattrerikesä algas veidi teispoolselt / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Soomes alanud teatrifestivalist Tampere teatrisuvi. Pikemalt A. Raivio "Viimasest karavanist" Q-teatteri esituses, M. Ivashkeviciuse " Poisikesest" Korshunovase Teatri ja Vilniuse Linnateatri koostöös ning sakslaste norton.commander.productions lavastusest "Solaris"

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2005-01-01

66

Igavus teatris on igavaim igavus / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Läti teatri esindusfestivalist Riias. Lähemalt järgmistest lavastustest : R. Baumanise "Indranid" M. Gruzdovi lavastuses, J. Rainise "Puhu, tuul" G. Polishtshuki lavastuses, E. Siendze "Vasakpööre" O. Kordersi lavastuses ja E. Albee "Kes kardab Vurginia Woolfi?" R. Vaivarsi lavastuses

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2004-01-01

67

Meeting with David Baron and introducing private politics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Les 9 et 10 juin 2011 s'est tenu The Economics of Corporate Social Responsibility Conference, coorganisée par les Mines ParisTech, Paris School of Economics et l'Université Panthéon-Sorbonne. David Baron (Stanford University) en était le conférencier invité. Julie Bastianutti, tout en restituant la ...

Bastianutti, Julie

68

77 FR 67725 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Michelangelo's David Apollo”  

Science.gov (United States)

...Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Michelangelo's David Apollo'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of...determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Michelangelo's David Apollo,'' imported from abroad for...

2012-11-13

69

David Hume, Scepticism, Imagination and Political Philosophy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of my presentation is to explore some possible links between Hume’s philosophy of history and imagination. My point is that although Hume has clearly rejected narratives about human history and politics based on modern and rationalist versions of Natural Law, his own accounts on the matter were positively based on arguments that went well beyond some sort of retreat into bare empiricism or scattered historicism. Hume’s stance on the matter of history and politics, to my mind, can be interpreted as an effort to build a natural history of morals, justice and government in which imagination plays a non-negligible role. His criticism of rationalistic natural law theories does not entail the acceptance of empiricist or institutionalist points of view. Of course, empiricist and institutionalist languages are in the use, across Hume’s arrays of arguments, but it seems to me that these languages appear as submitted to the supremacy of imagination. In that sense, we may face in Hume’s theory of justice an alternative view, in the form of a breach between pure rationalistic and empiricist views.

Renato Lessa

2012-01-01

70

It's All about the Process: Talking with David and Cecelia Diaz.  

Science.gov (United States)

|Interviews David and Cecelia Diaz about David's work as an award-winning illustrator of children's books, their successful illustration/design business, and David's other artistic pursuits. Discusses his illustrating process and its evolution, and the impact of the Caldecott Award. (SR)|

Giorgis, Cyndi

1999-01-01

71

The emergence of modern nucleation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A series of important papers by David Turnbull and his collaborators in the late 1940's and early 1950's laid the experimental and theoretical foundation of modern nucleation theory. The elegance, versatility, and generality of the phenomenological approach, coupled with brilliant and insightful experimental confirmation, sparked widespread application which continues today. Much of David Turnbull's subsequent work in other subjects grew directly or indirectly from this work.

1987-01-01

72

Price Theory: An Intermediate Text  

Science.gov (United States)

David D. Friedman, Professor of Law at Santa Clara University, has made his textbook, "Price Theory: An Intermediate Text" available on the web. The book focuses on trying to teach students the "economic way of thinking" and the "analytical core of economics -- price theory." Topics covered include consumer choice, market structure and economic efficiency. Price Theory also contains chapters on less conventional topics such as the political marketplace, the economics of law and law breaking; and the economics of love and marriage.

Friedman, David D.

1990-01-01

73

Entretien électronique avec David Foenkinos : « De Nathalie à la mort »  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Auteur français couronné de succès (comme en témoignent l’attribution de nombreux littéraires et le nombre élevé d’exemplaires vendus de ses œuvres en France et à l’étranger, en français et en traduction), David Foenkinos – fantaisiste, érudit et alerte dans son style – a publié une dizaine de romans, dont Le potentiel érotique de ma femme (Gallimard, 2004), La délicatesse (Gallimard, 2009), Lennon (Plon, 2010), Les souvenirs (Gallimard, 2011) et, tout récemment, Je vais mieux (Gallimard, 2013). La délicatesse a donné lieu à la réalisation d’un film au titre éponyme réalisé par l’auteur et son frère Stéphane et avec Audrey Tautou dans le rôle de Nathalie, protagoniste principale. David Foenkinos était l’invité du Salon du livre de Toronto en décembre 2012.

David Foenkinos; Catherine Parayre

2013-01-01

74

DAVID: A new video motion sensor for outdoor perimeter applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To be effective, a perimeter intrusion detection system must comprise both sensor and rapid assessment components. The use of closed circuit television (CCTV) to provide the rapid assessment capability, makes possible the use of video motion detection (VMD) processing as a system sensor component. Despite it's conceptual appeal, video motion detection has not been widely used in outdoor perimeter systems because of an inability to discriminate between genuine intrusions and numerous environmental effects such as cloud shadows, wind motion, reflections, precipitation, etc. The result has been an unacceptably high false alarm rate and operator work-load. DAVID (Digital Automatic Video Intrusion Detector) utilizes new digital signal processing techniques to achieve a dramatic improvement in discrimination performance thereby making video motion detection practical for outdoor applications. This paper begins with a discussion of the key considerations in implementing an outdoor video intrusion detection system, followed by a description of the DAVID design in light of these considerations

1986-01-01

75

DAVID: A new video motion sensor for outdoor perimeter applications  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To be effective, a perimeter intrusion detection system must comprise both sensor and rapid assessment components. The use of closed circuit television (CCTV) to provide the rapid assessment capability, makes possible the use of video motion detection (VMD) processing as a system sensor component. Despite it's conceptual appeal, video motion detection has not been widely used in outdoor perimeter systems because of an inability to discriminate between genuine intrusions and numerous environmental effects such as cloud shadows, wind motion, reflections, precipitation, etc. The result has been an unacceptably high false alarm rate and operator work-load. DAVID (Digital Automatic Video Intrusion Detector) utilizes new digital signal processing techniques to achieve a dramatic improvement in discrimination performance thereby making video motion detection practical for outdoor applications. This paper begins with a discussion of the key considerations in implementing an outdoor video intrusion detection system, followed by a description of the DAVID design in light of these considerations.

Alexander, J.C.

1986-01-01

76

Magen David Adom--the EMS in Israel.  

Science.gov (United States)

Israel is a small country with a population of around 7 million. The sole EMS provider for Israel is Magen David Adom (MDA) (translated as 'Red Shield of David'). MDA also carries out the functions of a National Society (similar to the Red Cross) and provides all the blood and blood product services for the country. Nationwide, the organisation responds to over 1000 emergency calls a day and uses doctors, paramedics, emergency medical technicians and volunteers. Local geopolitics has meant that MDA has to be prepared for anything from everyday emergency calls to suicide bombings and regional wars. MDA also prides itself in being able to rapidly assemble and dispatch mobile aid teams to scenes of international disasters. Such a broad range of activities is unusual for a single EMS organisation. PMID:17767990

Ellis, Daniel Y; Sorene, Eliot

2007-09-04

77

Magen David Adom--the EMS in Israel.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Israel is a small country with a population of around 7 million. The sole EMS provider for Israel is Magen David Adom (MDA) (translated as 'Red Shield of David'). MDA also carries out the functions of a National Society (similar to the Red Cross) and provides all the blood and blood product services for the country. Nationwide, the organisation responds to over 1000 emergency calls a day and uses doctors, paramedics, emergency medical technicians and volunteers. Local geopolitics has meant that MDA has to be prepared for anything from everyday emergency calls to suicide bombings and regional wars. MDA also prides itself in being able to rapidly assemble and dispatch mobile aid teams to scenes of international disasters. Such a broad range of activities is unusual for a single EMS organisation.

Ellis DY; Sorene E

2008-01-01

78

Monstrosity, Anxiety and the Real: Representations of the Victorian Metropolis in David Lynch's The Elephant Man  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The following paper will offer an interpretation of David Lynch's film The Elephant Man, and its representations of late-Victorian London as a monstrous and deformed body. Besides tracing these themes in a discussion of exemplary scenes of the film, I wish to illuminate how underlying notions of monstrosity in the writings of Victorian urban explorers and reformers contributed to ideas and anxieties about the body and domesticity, and helped to promote the image of a clean, sanitized and civilized city. I will make use of a range of theoretical and historical approaches developed within and inbetween a variety of disciplines such as anthropology, geography and architectural history, as well as literary studies, film theory and psychoanalysis, and, in so doing, aim to complicate the image of the monstrous metropolis.

Torsten Lange

2007-01-01

79

Hacking the aesthetic: David Haines and Joyce Hinterding's new ecologies of signal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Award winning Australian electronic artists David Haines and Joyce Hinterding's installation work is discussed as “signal-work.” Their work reconfigures signal within original assemblages involving subtle audio, high resolution video (both recorded and animated), kilometers of coiled copper wire, antennae or home-built electronics, electrostatic disturbances, the like of very low frequency radiation from the Milky Way, and cross-signal processing. The article develops a context for thinking about the work in terms of Whitehead's process philosophy, as this is relevant to media theory, as well as concepts of plural ecology and ongoing differentiation drawn from Bateson and Guattari. Signal processing is seen as key to all this. The article argues that in Hinterding and Haines’ signal-work new sensations are produced, outside of the normal “syntax” of some models of aesthetic experience. This challenges some aspects of thinking about both aesthetics and political ecology.

Andrew Murphie

2012-01-01

80

Das Eismeer – Caspar David Friedrich and the North  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The German Romantic painter Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) created the work of art Das Eismeer in the years 1823/24. Besides his painting Mönch am Meer it is his most radical painting. It depicts a dramatic and grim subject: A shipwreck in the Arctic Sea. According to different cultural, historical and social contexts there have been many different interpretations of his painting since it was produced.

Nina Hinrichs

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Pupazzi di neve. David Lynch fotografo e l’"Unheimliche" Snowmen. David Lynch as photograph and "The Uncanny"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available L’opera di David Lynch non si limita al cinema, come ha dimostrato l’esposizione del 2007 alla Fondation Cartier di Parigi, The Air is on Fire. Tuttavia gli studi teorici hanno trascurato ciò che gallerie e musei hanno evidenziato da tempo: il Lynch pittore, fotografo, musicista, artista poliedrico. L’articolo si focalizza su una serie fotografica, Snowmen, ed è tratto da una ricerca di Paolo Sebastiano Lanzi sulla figura di David Lynch fotografo. Alla luce del saggio di Freud sul Perturbante (Das Unheimliche, 1919) si interpretano gli Snowmen come immagini di morte. Si chiariscono alcuni aspetti della poetica dell’artista-regista, come l’inquietudine dell’Inland Empire o di certe idee care al Surrealismo. Lo studio della produzione fotografica di Lynch riempie un vuoto nell’analisi critica sul suo lavoro, che va necessariamente riconsiderato in una prospettiva più ampia.David Lynch’s work is not limited to the cinema, as the 2007 exhibition The Air is on Fire, held at the Cartier Fondation in Paris, showed. However, theoretical studies have neglected what galleries and museums have highlighted for some time: Lynch the painter, photographer, musician and polyhedral artist. The article focuses on a photographic series, Snowmen and is taken from a piece of research by Paolo Sebastiano Lanzi on David Lynch the photographer. In the light of Freud’s essay on The Uncanny (Das Unheimliche, 1919), the Snowmen are interpreted as images of death. Aspects of the artist-director’s poetics come to the fore, such as the unease of the Inland Empire or certain ideas integral to Surrealism. The study of Lynch’s photographic production fills a void in the critical analysis of his work, which should be reappraised in a much wider perspective.  

Paolo Sebastiano Lanzi

2013-01-01

82

EDITORIAL: Van der Waals interactions in advanced materials, in memory of David C Langreth Van der Waals interactions in advanced materials, in memory of David C Langreth  

Science.gov (United States)

The past decade has seen a dramatic rise in interest in exploring the role that van der Waals (vdW) or dispersion forces play in materials and in material behavior. Part of this stems from the obvious fact that vdW interactions (and other weak forces, such as Casimir) underpin molecular recognition, i.e., nature's approach to search for a match between genes and anti-genes and hence enable biological function. Less obvious is the recognition that vdW interactions affect a multitude of properties of a vast variety of materials in general, some of which also have strong technological applications. While for two atom- or orbital-sized material fragments the dispersive contributions to binding are small compared to those from the better known forms (ionic, covalent, metallic), those between sparse materials (spread over extended areas) can be of paramount importance. For example, an understanding of binding in graphite cannot arise solely from a study of the graphene layers individually, but also requires insight from inter-sheet graphene vdW bonding. It is the extended-area vdW bonding that provides sufficient cohesion to make graphite a robust, naturally occurring material. In fact, it is the vdW-bonded graphite, and not the all-covalently bonded diamond, that is the preferred form of pure carbon under ambient conditions. Also important is the understanding that vdW attraction can attain a dramatic relevance even if the material fragments, the building blocks, are not necessarily parallel from the outset or smooth when viewed in isolation (such as a graphene sheet or a carbon nanotube). This can happen if the building blocks have some softness and flexibility and allow an internal relative alignment to emerge. The vdW forces can then cause increasingly larger parts of the interacting fragments to line up at sub-nanometer separations and thus beget more areas with a sizable vdW bonding contribution. The gecko can scale a wall because it can bring its flexible hairs sufficiently close to any corrugated—and/or any smooth—surface and thus enforce a strong vdW-type adhesion; it exploits what is then essentially a contact force (dominated by the attraction exerted in the near-surface regions) to defy the pull of gravity on its own bulk. This Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter special issue is dedicated to the memory of David C Langreth. David is a dearly missed friend and mentor who inspired many of us. He was an outstanding condensed matter theorist and a scholar who greatly influenced us through his many-particle-physics based insights into density functional theory (DFT), surface science and related areas. His seminal works range from conserving formulations of interacting nonequilibrium transport [1] and formal-scattering theory [2] to an explicit formulation [3] of the exact DFT exchange-correlation energy in the adiabatic connection formula (ACF), the latter also being derived independently by Gunnarsson and Lundqvist [4]. David's portfolio also includes an analysis [5] that helped catalyze and guide the development of DFT from the local-density approximation (LDA) to the formulations of generalized gradient approximations (GGAs). Another salient contribution of David's is in the area of vdW interactions in materials. He was a key architect of the vdW density functional (vdW-DF) method [6, 7]. This method was developed in a long-standing Rutgers-Chalmers collaboration between David's group and that of Bengt I Lundqvist, later extending to a wider group of researchers on both sides of the Atlantic. Plasmons are collective excitations that depend on electron-density variation. The plasmon response can be seen as defining the nature of the LDA [4] and their description can thus also be seen as contributing to the success of GGA. The vdW-DF method is a regular constraint-based density functional (for ground-state DFT) which is derived within the ACF framework and which emphasizes the electrodynamical nature of the coupling between these collective plasmon excitations. The vdW-DF method thus seeks to utilise the implicit

Hyldgaard, Per; Rahman, Talat S.

2012-10-01

83

Lola Cercas en Soldados de Salamina (David Trueba, 2003)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Este artículo defiende la importancia de Lola Cercas, interpretada por Ariadna Gil, en la obra de David Trueba Soldados de Salamina. Si su trabajo anterior se había enfocado en la historia, la memoria y el uso de fuentes archivísticas, se sostiene que estos temas son filtrados por la psique de Lola, cuyo papel es crucial. A través de medios tradicionales, como un trabajo de cámara subjetiva, y recursos más innovadores, como el “mindscreen” (Kawin), Trueba impulsa nuestra identificación con la protagonista. La preocupación de Lola sobre su falta de descendencia añade una dimensión ulterior, permitiendo a Trueba insinuar un futuro incierto al examinar un complejo pasado.

Sally Faulkner

2008-01-01

84

Idealism and romantic patriotism for science - an interview with Jose Francisco David-Ferreira.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Jose Francisco David-Ferreira is one of the most influential Professors of Cell and Developmental Biology in Portugal. David-Ferreira pioneered the use of electron microscopy in cell biology and experimental embryology. He also paved the way for successive generations of biologists who cross-fertilized the national scientific community. As we discuss briefly below, David-Ferreira is above all a Pedagogue and an Institution builder.

David-Ferreira JF

2009-01-01

85

Embedding of Poly Honeycomb Networks and the Metric dimension of Star of David Network  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this paper, we have introduced few Interconnection Networks, called David Derived Network DD(n) ,Dominating David Derived Network DDD(n), Honeycomb cup Network HCC(n) and Kite RegularTrianguline Mesh KRrTM(n). We have given drawing algorithm for DDD(n) from Honeycomb networkHC(n) and embedded poly–Honeycomb Networks, KRrTM(n) in to Dominating David Derived Networks.Also we have investigated the metric dimension of Star of David network SD(n) and lower bound of themetric dimension for DD(n).

F.Simonraj; A.George

2013-01-01

86

Õigeksmõistev otsus vallandas publiku tormilise aplausi / Tiiu Põld ; kommenteerinud David Vseviov ; Marju Lauristin  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Harju maakohtu õigeksmõistvast otsusest aprillirahutuste korraldamises süüdistatavate Dmitri Linteri, Maksim Reva, Dimitri Klenski ja Mark Sirõki kohta. Kommenteerivad David Vseviov ja Marju Lauristin

Põld, Tiiu, 1945-

2009-01-01

87

[David Feest. Zwangskollektivierung im Baltikum : die Sowjetisierung des estnischen Dorfes 1944-1953] / Anu Mai Kõll  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Arvustus: Feest, David. Zwangskollektivierung im Baltikum : die Sowjetisierung des estnischen Dorfes 1944-1953. Köln [etc.] : Böhlau, 2007. Esimesest rahvusvaheliselt kättesaadavast laiahaardelisest Eesti kollektiviseerimist käsitlevast teosest

Kõll, Anu Mai, 1946-

2008-01-01

88

Entrevista com David Maybury-Lewis/ Interview with Maybury-Lewis/ Interview avec David Maybury-Lewis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Nesta entrevista, o professor David Maybury-Lewis conta como o menino que adorava brincar com os "cameleiros" no Paquistão, onde nasceu, tornou-se um jovem pesquisador que iniciou sua carreira vivendo entre os índios Xavante e Xerente no Brasil das décadas de 1950 e 1960. Mesclando reminiscências pessoais às suas lembranças profissionais do tempo em que viveu no nosso país, Maybury-Lewis traça também um esboço da antropologia no Brasil nos últimos cinqüenta anos. Abstract in english In this interview professor David Maybury-Lewis recalls his fondness when playing with camel care keepers in Pakistan, where he was born, becoming, later on, a young researcher who stated up his career by living among the Xavante and Xerente Indians in Brazil in the 1950?s and 1960?s. Adding personal reminiscences to professional memories from the time he spent in this country, Mr. Maybury-Lewis also draws an outline of the Brazilian anthropology in the past fifty years.

Corrêa, Mariza; Oliveira, Roberto Cardoso de; Laraia, Roque de Barros

2002-10-01

89

Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me (1992) and David Lynch's Aesthetics of Frustration  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article focuses on Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me (David Lynch,1992), the prequel to the TV series produced by Mark Frost and David Lynch (1990-1991), which represents a turning point in Lynch's filmography. The author argues that the film's aesthetics frustrate viewer expectations, and especial...

Roche, David

90

Large-Scale Cancer Genomics Data Analysis - David Haussler, TCGA Scientific Symposium 2011  

Science.gov (United States)

Home News and Events Multimedia Library Videos Large-Scale Cancer Genomics Data Analysis - David Haussler Large-Scale Cancer Genomics Data Analysis - David Haussler, TCGA Scientific Symposium 2011 You will need Adobe Flash Player 8 or later and JavaScript

91

David Botstein Part 1: Fruits of the Genome Sequences  

Science.gov (United States)

This lecture from the iBioSeminars project is presented by David Botstein from Princeton University. It presents an overview of the benefits for science and society derived from sequencing the genomes of multiple organisms, including humans. The sequences show that many genes have been conserved during evolution; a finding that allows scientists to study simple organisms such as yeast and relate their findings to mammalian biology. In addition, mining genome sequences has identified numerous genes involved in human disease, in some cases resulting in improved screening and treatment. This video is the first of two, running 52:11 minutes and can be downloaded in QuickTime, MP4, M4V, or PDF formats. It can also be streamed on iTunes or YouTube.

Botstein, David

2012-11-02

92

Storm-surge measurements and computations for Hurricane David  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

One of the objectives of the Coastal Data Network System established and maintained by the Coastal and Oceanographic Engineering Laboratory at the University of Florida is to acquire and document storm surge data along the Florida Coast. Since the establishment of the system only one major hurricane resulted in storm surge of significance. This was Hurricane David which swept through the lower part of Florida's east coast in September 1979. Storm surge data were obtained at Miami Beach, Palm Beach, and Vero Beach. These data were analyzed and documented. In addition, the numerical storm surge model developed by Dean and Chiu was used to compute the storm surges at Palm Beach and Vero Beach to facilitate comparisons.

Howell, G.; Lee, D.Y.; Wang, H.

1982-08-01

93

Infinite potential the life and times of David Bohm  

CERN Document Server

Throughout his life, David Bohm felt himself to be different, and this was reflected in his lifestyle and in his physics. His life was one of unfulfilled searching. If one compares mainstream physics to the church, with a solid hierarchy of cardinals, archbishops and bishops, Bohm was an ascetic hermit who would occasionally come in from the wilderness with a compelling message, only to disappear again. Bohmian quantum mechanics is not part of mainstream physics, but for those who do cross over, like John Bell, the commitment can be rewarding. In the post-war 'Un-American Activities' purge, Bohm lost a prestigious job at Princeton and t emporarily his US citizenship, and his nomadic career took him to Brazil, Israel and Bristol before he finally settled in London's Birkbeck College. A sensitive-written book about a gifted, unusual and sometimes provocative figure. The interaction between Bohm and Oppenheimer is especially interesting, while Bohm's later life was bizarre.

Peat, David

1997-01-01

94

David Ayman, MD: an early investigator of clinical hypertension.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dr. David Ayman (1901-1986) was an astute clinician and observer who challenged medical dogma by performing placebo-controlled studies and by meticulous measurement of blood pressure under standardized conditions. He demonstrated that almost all drugs reported to have an antihypertensive effect in the early 20th century had achieved nothing more than placebo response. He noted the marked variability of blood pressure and devised methods to reduce that variability. These observations led to his publications concerning what is now known as "white coat" or office hypertension. He determined blood pressure personally in 1524 members of 277 families over three generations and made observations on the hereditary nature of hypertension that countered the single-gene thinking of the day. His work is proof that clinical inquisitiveness, hard work, and the courage to challenge conventional wisdom can result in significant contributions to medicine and science. PMID:15860961

Materson, Barry J; Leclercq, Baudouin

2005-04-01

95

Comprehensive Genomic Characterization of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck - David Neil Hayes, TCGA Scientific Symposium 2012  

Science.gov (United States)

Home News and Events Multimedia Library Videos Characterization of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck - David Neil Hayes Comprehensive Genomic Characterization of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck - David Neil Hayes, TCGA Scientific

96

Integration of approaches in David Wake's model-taxon research platform for evolutionary morphology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

What gets integrated in integrative scientific practices has been a topic of much discussion. Traditional views focus on theories and explanations, with ideas of reduction and unification dominating the conversation. More recent ideas focus on disciplines, fields, or specialties; models, mechanisms, or methods; phenomena, problems. How integration works looks different on each of these views since the objects of integration are ontologically and epistemically various: statements, boundary conditions, practices, protocols, methods, variables, parameters, domains, laboratories, and questions all have their own structures, functions and logics. I focus on one particular kind of scientific practice, integration of "approaches" in the context of a research system operating on a special kind of "platform." Rather than trace a network of interactions among people, practices, and theoretical entities to be integrated, in this essay I focus on the work of a single investigator, David Wake. I describe Wake's practice of integrative evolutionary biology and how his integration of approaches among biological specialties worked in tandem with his development of the salamanders as a model taxon, which he used as a platform to solve, re-work and update problems that would not have been solved so well by non-integrative approaches. The larger goal of the project to which this paper contributes is a counter-narrative to the story of 20th century life sciences as the rise and march of the model organisms and decline of natural history.

Griesemer J

2013-04-01

97

Integration of approaches in David Wake's model-taxon research platform for evolutionary morphology.  

Science.gov (United States)

What gets integrated in integrative scientific practices has been a topic of much discussion. Traditional views focus on theories and explanations, with ideas of reduction and unification dominating the conversation. More recent ideas focus on disciplines, fields, or specialties; models, mechanisms, or methods; phenomena, problems. How integration works looks different on each of these views since the objects of integration are ontologically and epistemically various: statements, boundary conditions, practices, protocols, methods, variables, parameters, domains, laboratories, and questions all have their own structures, functions and logics. I focus on one particular kind of scientific practice, integration of "approaches" in the context of a research system operating on a special kind of "platform." Rather than trace a network of interactions among people, practices, and theoretical entities to be integrated, in this essay I focus on the work of a single investigator, David Wake. I describe Wake's practice of integrative evolutionary biology and how his integration of approaches among biological specialties worked in tandem with his development of the salamanders as a model taxon, which he used as a platform to solve, re-work and update problems that would not have been solved so well by non-integrative approaches. The larger goal of the project to which this paper contributes is a counter-narrative to the story of 20th century life sciences as the rise and march of the model organisms and decline of natural history. PMID:23588059

Griesemer, James

2013-04-12

98

Gordon And Mike's ICT Podcast: A Conversation with David Hata - The Godfather of SAME-TEC.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gordon and Mike's ICT Podcast offers perspectives on the information and communication technologies (ICT) industries from Gordon Snyder and Mike Qaissaunee.In this video podcast, Gordon interviews David Hata, who is the originator of the SAME-TEC conference. Gordon and David discuss the history of the conference, DavidâÂÂs teaching experiences and how the field has evolved. Running time: 6:04. This podcast is available for direct download in m4v format from the Libsyn site, or click here to subscribe to the whole series in iTunes.

Snyder, Gordon F.; Qaissaunee, Michael

2010-04-30

99

Embedding Cohen algebras using pcf theory  

CERN Document Server

Using a theorem from pcf theory, we show that for any singular cardinal nu, the product of the Cohen forcing notions on kappa, kappa < nu adds a generic for the Cohen forcing notion on nu^+. This solves Problem 5.1 in Miller's list (attributed to Rene David and Sy Friedman).

Shelah, S

1995-01-01

100

DAVID HUME AND THE CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF EMPIRICISM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research is related to David Hume. This philosopher is described as being an empiricist, but it should be noted that the empiricism promoted by Hume represents the development up to the final consequences of this philosophical doctrine that should be subjected to the observability requirement. The core problem for Hume’s philosophy is the difficulty of causality thinking. The Scottish philosopher promotes a moderate and inconsistent skepticism because he does not doubt the permanency of facts. The Humean epistemology is mixed with elements belonging to some naïve ontology of a materialistic nature and with elements of a sensualistic psychology of an associationist type. The causality or the causal connection between events is based on a psychological belief, which has a pragmatic end for people, in that it offers us the psychological comfort of habitual events and the familiar existential. Causality refers to certain events that have already happened in a certain way, but it cannot constitute a necessary and sufficient basis for similar future events.

IONU? ?TEFAN

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Characterization Report for the David Witherspoon Screen Art Site  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office (ORO) of Environmental Management (EM) requested the technical assistance of Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) to characterize a tract of land associated with the David Witherspoon, Incorporated (DWI) Volunteer Equipment and Supply Company (VESC). This tract of land (hereinafter referred to as Screen Arts) is located in the Vestal Community in the 2000-block of Maryville Pike in south Knoxville, Tennessee, as shown in Figure A-1. This tract of land has been used primarily to store salvaged equipment and materials for resale, recycle, or for disposal in the former landfill once operated by DWI. The DWI Site industrial landfill and metal recycling business had been permitted by the Tennessee Division of Radiological Health to accept low-level radiologically contaminated metals. DWI received materials and equipment associated with operations from DOE sites, including those in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Paducah, Kentucky; and Portsmouth, Ohio. It is likely that items stored at Screen Arts may have contained some residual radiological materials.

Phyllis C. Weaver

2011-01-31

102

Transatlantic Miscommunication in David Hare’s Drama Stuff Happens  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article addresses the transatlantic relations between the United States and Europe and specifically Great Britain in the context of post-9/11 international politics as reflected in the drama Stuff Happens (2004) written by British playwright David Hare. It focuses on the way re­cent history is performed and contextualized in dramatic form and analyzes the function and power of the theatricalization of historic events and particularly of finding ways to address 9/11 on a stage. Furthermore, it discusses the method of mixing parts of public speeches quoted ver­batim with fiction and its effects on readers and audiences. The play addresses the struggles and fragility of international diplomacy in the aftermath of 9/11. It reflects a general skepticism to­wards politicians and their decisions as well as the helpless position of millions of observers who are affected by these decisions and yet feel like they have no influence. This article sees post-9/11 verbatim theater as a chance for playwright and spectators to get access to the world of politics and to take part in the process of writing transatlantic history. More generally, through the ex­ample of this play, the article aims at discussing new challenges and functions of post-9/11 theater.

Golimowska, Karolina

2012-01-01

103

76 FR 39865 - Mr. David Creasey; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Project No. 13829-001-ID] Mr. David Creasey; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment In accordance with the National Environmental Policy...

2011-07-07

104

75 FR 146 - Proposed Cercla Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; David Benvenuti and Howe Cleaners, Howe...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Administrative Cost Recovery Settlement; David Benvenuti and Howe Cleaners, Howe Cleaners Site, Barre, VT AGENCY: Environmental Protection...settlement for recovery of past costs concerning the Howe Cleaners Superfund Site in Barre, Vermont with...

2010-01-04

105

How David Rockwell's Oscar Set Makes Steve Martin and Alec Baldwin Funnier  

Science.gov (United States)

David Rockwell is a famous architect, as well as a set designer. In 2010, he designed the sets for the Academy Awards. Read about how he went about the task in this article from the magazine "Fast Company"

Walker, Alissa

106

Marketing Study of the Inpatient Pharmacy Branch Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study developed a plan for marketing the Inpatient Pharmacy Branch, Pharmacy Service, Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center. The plan was developed through the use of both a marketing audit and interviews of representatives of the major publics...

B. Hammel

1984-01-01

107

Siim Nestor soovitab : David Morales. Reede ja laupäeva parimad palad / Siim Nestor  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Popmuusikaüritustest: David Morales 15. apr. klubis Moskva, "Eklekter" 16. apr Von Krahlis (esinejaks rootsi diskor DJ Mad Mats), prantsuse diskor DJ Yellow 16. apr. klubis Hollywood, üritusest "Dependent" 17. apr. Tartus

Nestor, Siim, 1974-

2004-01-01

108

After Camp David: The Role of Automony Negotiations in Furthering Middle East Peace.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores the question: How will the current autonomy negotiations, based on the Camp David accords and Israeli-Egyptian Peace Treaty, and conducted by Ambassador Sol Linowitz, affect the future stability of the Middle East. Section I comprises ...

H. Kissinger M. C. Freedman

1979-01-01

109

"Handbook of biomedical optics", edited by David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam, Eds.: Handbook of Biomedical Optics CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2011 ISBN: 978-1-4200-9036-9 (Hardback), 787 pages

Gramatikov Boris

2012-01-01

110

"Handbook of biomedical optics", edited by David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

David A. Boas, Constantinos Pitris, and Nimmi Ramanujam, Eds.:Handbook of Biomedical OpticsCRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, London, New York, 2011ISBN: 978-1-4200-9036-9 (Hardback), 787 pages

Gramatikov B

2012-01-01

111

Osborne's trilogy : a critique of the management philosophy of David Osborne / Jan-Erik Lane  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kriitiline lühiülevaade David Osborne'i raamatutes Reinventing government (kaasautor T. Gaebler, 1992), Banishing bureaucracy (kaasautor P. Plastrik, 1997) ja The price of government (kaasautor P. Hutchinson, 2004) avaldatud teooriatest

Lane, Jan-Erik

2006-01-01

112

Determinants of vigilance in a reintroduced population of Père David's deer  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available After being kept in captivity and isolated from natural predators for more than 1,200 years, Père David’s deer has been reintroduced in China and now occurs in a reserve where human activity is the only potential threat. Antipredator vigilance is an important component of survival for many prey animals in their natural habitat. Do deer still adjust vigilance as a function of risk after such a long period of relaxed predation pressure? Here, we examined vigilance levels in Père David’s deer groups as a function of group size, sex and level of human disturbance. The results showed that individual vigilance significantly decreased with group size in all-female groups but not in all-males or mixed-sex groups. In rutting season, males compete with one another and harass females, and we argue that vigilance is partly aimed at threatening males and that such vigilance increases with group size. This explains why overall vigilance did not vary with group size for males in general and for females in mixed-sex groups. Vigilance increased in more disturbed areas but in in male deer only. The results indicate that despite relaxed predation pressure over centuries, Père David’s deer can still adjust antipredator responses as a function of perceived risk. Such information may become useful in the rewilding programme now under way for this species in China [Current Zoology 59 (2): 265–270, 2013].

Wei ZHENG, Guy BEAUCHAMP, Xuelei JIANG, Zhongqiu LI, Qinglong YANG

2013-01-01

113

Nice Work de David Lodge : Un « Condition of England novel » des années 1980 ? Nice Work: A « Condition of England novel » of the 1980s?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Nice Work, David Lodge appropriates the model of the « condition-of-England novel » which he transposes into the 1980s. More than a mere transposition, Nice Work turns out to be an open rewriting of the Victorian novels quoted in epigraphs since the text, with its comical aspect and its auto-reflexive dimension, distances itself from realism. Far from being innocent, this rewriting considers critically the Thatcher era as well as contemporary literary theory and gives a discerning homage to Victorian novels.

Armelle Parey

2009-01-01

114

Don Davide Albertario propagandista antiebraico : l'accusa di omicidio rituale / Don Davide Albertario and the antisemite propaganda : the blood libel.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article analyses the leading role played by the priest/journalist Davide Albertario in the catholic antisemite propaganda of the late 19th century. He was director of «L'Osservatore Cattolico», a Milan-based daily paper belonging to the catholic press network controlled by the Vatican, that published many articles against the Jews, notably involving the blood libel.

Di Fant, Annalisa

2011-01-01

115

Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee: Volume 2, Appendixes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This document contains the appendixes for the remedial investigation and feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 site in Knoxville, Tennessee. The following topics are covered in the appendixes: (A) David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site Historical Data, (B) Fieldwork Plans for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, (C) Risk Assessment, (D) Remediation Technology Discussion, (E) Engineering Support Documentation, (F) Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements, and (G) Cost Estimate Documentation.

1996-01-01

116

“Un re non è un cetriolo”. La figura del re Davide in Keter ba-rosh di Yaakov Shabtai  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyse King David’s character as it appears in the play Keter ba-rosh  written by Yaakov Shabtai in 1968-1969. In addition to the comparison with the original biblical  character, a deep survey of King David’s role in the play has been conducted in the order to explain  the different possible interpretations of the work. A particular attention is devoted to the affinity  between this play and the fictional work of the author.

Sara Ferrari

2011-01-01

117

Kasterpalu ja Kivastik mõtlevad Tartus isadusele / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

SA Eesti Teatri Festival esietendab 4. mail Athena keskuses Margus Kasterpalu lavastuses Mart Kivastiku näidendit "Meie isa, kes sa oled ..." Mängivad Vanemuise näitlejad Marika Aidla, Hannes Kaljujärv, Tanel Jonas ning Leino Rei

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2008-01-01

118

"Lavakad" laval - kaheksa kuud enne diplomit / Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Eesti Muusika ja Teatriakadeemia Lavakunstikooli 23. lennu lavastustest : kaksiklavastus "Pink" VAT Teatris, Mart Kase "Perekond" Eesti Nuku- ja Noorsooteatris ja William Shakespeare'i "Eksituste komöödia" Stephen Harperi ja Elmo Nüganeni lavastuses Hobuveskis

Keil, Andres, 1974-

2007-01-01

119

Märts - teatrikuu, nädalavahetusel viis esietendust / Tiiu Laks, Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Nädalavahetuse viiest esietendusest : Teatris NO99 William Shakespeare'i "Perikles" Tiit Ojasoo lavastuses, Endlas "Pommimäng" Joseph Helleri näitemängu "Me pommitasime New Havenit" järgi Madis Kalmeti lavastuses, Tallinna Linnateatris J?n Atli J?nassoni "Murdlainetus" Jaanus Rohumaa lavastuses, Eesti Draamateatris Enn Vetemaa-Erki Aule "Sigma TAU C705" Merle Karusoo lavastuses, Rakvere Teatris Urmas Lennuki kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Päeva lõpus"

Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

2008-01-01

120

Theory.org.uk: The Media Theory Site  

Science.gov (United States)

Launched by Professor David Gauntlett of the University of Bournemouth in January 1999, this site provides an interesting introduction to the vast world of media theory. Visitors looking for materials on media theories (and their accompanying theorists) will want to move their browsers to the section that contains resources on such individuals as Anthony Giddens, Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, and a number of other scholars whose work has directly influenced the ideas of media theory, either directly or indirectly. Equally intriguing is the set of trading cards developed by Gauntlett that provide brief facts about such concepts as psychoanalysis, postmodernity, and girl power. After reading through the materials on media theory located here, visitors may also elect to take a sixteen-question quiz, featuring visual clues.

 
 
 
 
121

David Sanders. A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

David Sanders in his monograph entitled A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance (2011) sheds light on the dilemmas, doubts and personal conflicts Frost confronted while composing his poetic collection North of Boston in which some of his most well-known lyrics, ...

Tatiani G. Rapatzikou

122

Objectivism and Education: A Response to David Elkind's "The Problem with Constructivism"  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper responds to David Elkind's article "The Problem with Constructivism," published in the Summer 2004 issue of The EducationalForum. It argues that Elkind?s thesis?teacher, curricular, and societal readiness lead to the implementation of constructivism?is conceptually problematic. This paper also critiques constructivism and supports…

Carson, Jamin

2005-01-01

123

Interview with a quality leader: Dr. David Nash. Interviewed by Kathleen Tornow Chai.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Dr. David Nash, founder of the original Office of Health Policy in 1990 at Thomas Jefferson University and later the Founding Dean of the Jefferson School of Population Health, is known for his emphasis on measurement and variation in Medical Education. His knowledge and understanding of healthcare policy make this interview timely and relevant.

Nash DB

2013-01-01

124

Subject and History in Selected Works by Abdulrazak Gurnah, Yvonne Vera, and David Dabydeen  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study is concerned with subject formation in the fiction of contemporary postcolonial authors Abdulrazak Gurnah, Yvonne Vera, and David Dabydeen. In contextualised readings of a total of nine works – Gurnah’s Admiring Silence (1996), By the Sea (2001), and Desertion (2005); Vera’s Without a Nam...

Falk, Erik

125

The post-perspectival: screens and time in David Lynch's Inland Empire  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Taking Anne Friedberg's notion of the post-perspectival as the point of departure for her analysis of David Lynch's digitally shot and edited Inland Empire from 2006, Anne Jerslev argues that the film deconstructs continuous time and coherent space by constructing multiple planes of re...

Anne Jerslev

126

Finding Our Way Back to Healthy Eating: A Conversation with David A. Kessler  

Science.gov (United States)

In this interview, David Kessler, former commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, explains why so many people overeat. Changing lifestyles promote the constant availability of food and around-the-clock eating. In today's highly processed foods, food companies are able to dial in the exact amount of fat, sugar, and salt that will make…

Azzam, Amy M.

2009-01-01

127

South Kensington and the Colonies: David Blair of New Zealand and Canada.  

Science.gov (United States)

The career of art educator David Phillip Blair (1850-1925) is discussed. A graduate from the National Art Training School in South Kensington, London, England, Blair was responsible for introducing the South Kensington art system, with its emphasis on the practical arts, into the schools of New Zealand and Canada. (Author/RM)

Chalmers, F. Graeme

1985-01-01

128

Warrior, general, and president: Dwight David Eisenhower and his earliest recollections.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The earliest recollections of Dwight David Eisenhower, supreme military commander of allied forces during World War II and 34th president of the United States, are analyzed to provide a deeper understanding of the man and his motives. The analysis emphasizes a cognitive/perceptual method of early memory interpretation presented by Bruhn and Last (1982) in a theoretical paper.

Bruhn AR; Bellow S

1984-08-01

129

Una revisión del caudillo a dos voces: Notas sobre reescritura e intertextualidad en el teatro de David Peña y David Viñas/ A review of the leader for two voices: Notes on rewriting and intertextuality in the theater of David Peña and David Viñas  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Este trabajo analiza la recuperación que dos obras teatrales realizan de una misma situación histórica relevante de la historia argentina: el levantamiento militar (1828) por el que se fusiló al caudillo Manuel Dorrego. Ambos textos: el Dorrego de David Peña (1909), y el Dorrego de David Viñas (1974), presentan vínculos intertextuales mediante los cuales han revisado algunos temas decisivos para la cultura política argentina (el caudillismo, el populismo, la parti (more) cipación del ejército en la política). Por otra parte, al reinterpretarse cada pieza en su contexto, se recuperan alusiones veladas a la realidad contemporánea que los textos cuestionaban indirectamente apelando a la relectura histórica. Abstract in english This work analyzes two theater works about an episode of Argentine history: the military rise of 1828 where the caudillo Manuel Dorrego was shot. Both texts, Dorrego by David Peña (1909) and Dorrego by David Viñas (1974), have intertextual bonds by means of which they have reviewed some decisive subjects for the Argentine political culture -caudillismo, populism, participation of the army in the policy- On the other hand, when reinterpreting each piece in its context, t (more) here have been recovered veiled references to the contemporary reality which the texts questioned, indirectly appealing to a historical re-reading.

Hernán Sosa, Carlos

2012-06-01

130

The post-perspectival: screens and time in David Lynch's Inland Empire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Taking Anne Friedberg's notion of the post-perspectival as the point of departure for her analysis of David Lynch's digitally shot and edited Inland Empire from 2006, Anne Jerslev argues that the film deconstructs continuous time and coherent space by constructing multiple planes of representation, multiple layerings of screens and, hence, multiple and fractured modes of perception. The article further suggests that the film's enigmatic structure might best be understood with reference to a new media genre like the website with its hyperlink structure. Finally, the article discusses how a sense of ubiquitous surveillance coalesces with the screen logic.Author Biography Anne Jerslev (PhD) is Professor of Film and Media Studies at the Department of Media, Cognition and Communication, University of Copenhagen. Anne Jerslev has published and edited books in Danish and English and published dozens of articles in journals and anthologies in Danish, Scandinavian languages, German and English. Her first book was titled David Lynch i vore øjne (David Lynch in our eyes) (1991); it was published in German in 1995 under the title David Lynch—mentale Landschaften. After the Lynch book she published books about cult movies, youth and media and media and intimacy. She has edited two volumes in English, Realism and Reality in Film and Media (2002), where she contributed a piece about Lars von Trier's The Idiots, and Performative Realism (co-edited with Rune Gade (2005)). Her latest edited volume (co-edited with Christa Lykke Christensen) is Hvor går grænsen? Brudflader i den moderne mediekultur [Are there no limits? The crossing of boundaries in contemporary media culture] (Copenhagen 2010). She is currently editing a volume about “Impure Cinema” together with professor Lúcia Nagib from the University of Leeds, which will appear in 2013. Her own contribution to the book is an article about David Lynch's Interview Project.

Anne Jerslev

2012-01-01

131

Motion of David Glacier in East Antarctica Observed by COSMO-SkyMed Differential SAR Interferometry  

Science.gov (United States)

David glacier, located in Victoria Land, East Antarctica (75°20'S, 161°15'E), is an outlet glacier of 13 km width near the grounding line and 50 km long from the source to the grounding line. David glacier flows into Ross Sea forming Drygalski Ice Tongue, 100 km long and 23 km wide. In this study, we extracted a surface displacement map of David by applying differential SAR interferometry (DInSAR) to one-day tandem pairs obtained from COSMO-SkyMed satellites on April 28-29 (descending orbit) and May 5-6 (ascending orbit), 2011, respectively. Terra ASTER global digital elevation model (GDEM) is used to remove the topographic effect from the COSMO-SkyMed interferograms. David glacier showed maximum displacement of 35 cm during April 28-29 and 20 cm during May 5-6 in the direction of radar line of sight. The glacier can be divided into several blocks by the disparities of displacement between the different sliding zone. Surface displacement map contains errors originated from orbit data, atmospheric conditions, DEM error. GDEM is generated from the ASTER optical images acquired from 2000 to 2008. It has the vertical accuracy of about 20 m at 95% confidence with the 30 m of horizontal posting. The accuracy of GDEM reduces when cloud cover is included in the ASTER image. Particularly in the snow and ice area, GDEM is inaccurate due to whiteout effect during stereo matching. The inaccuracy of GDEM could be a reason of the observed glacier motion in the opposite direction of gravity. This problem can be solved by using TanDEM-X DEM. Bistatic acquisition of SAR images from the constellation of TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X will generate a global DEM with the vertical accuracy better than 2 m and the horizontal posting of 12 m. We plan to perform DInSAR of COSMO-SkyMed one-day tandem pairs again when the high-accuracy TanDEM-X DEM is available in the near future. As a conclusion, we could analyze the displacement of David glacier in East Antarctica. The glacier showed very fast motion forming a block of streamlines with different flow velocity. For more accurate analysis, we will use TanDEM-X DEM to perform the DInSAR. The flow characteristics, ice mass balance, ice discharge rate of David glacier remains as an ongoing research.

Han, H.; Lee, H.

2011-12-01

132

UNA CRÍTICA AL ENSAYO DE DAVID CHALMERS "LA MATRIX COMO METAFÍSICA"/ A REVIEW OF DAVID CHALMERS' ESSAY "THE MATRIX AS METAPHYSICS"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Mediante este ensayo se pretende argumentar que la tesis central que defiende David Chalmers en su ensayo La matrix como metafísica es problemática en la medida en que, si bien se dice que las creencias de las personas dentro y fuera de la Matrix son verdaderas, desconoce que estas creencias no tienen un igual fundamento. Argumento que no tienen un igual fundamento porque ambas creencias obedecen a juegos de lenguaje diferentes. Sin embargo, propongo que modificando el argumento de Chalmers en términos de juegos de lenguaje, este error puede evitarse. Abstract in english I argue that the central thesis that David Chalmers holds in his The matrix as metaphysics is problematic because, thought it is recognized that the beliefs of people both inside and outside the matrix are true, the fact that these beliefs do not have the same foundation is overlooked I argue that these beliefs do not have the same foundation since they obey different language games. However, I suggest that this type of error can be avoided modifying Chalmers' argument in terms of language games.

Lloyd, Peter B.

2008-06-01

133

Achmat Davids places the Cape Muslims on the South African linguistic map  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english South Africa's Cape Muslim religious leaders creatively contributed towards the formation of Afrikaans linguistics, an issue that the South African academia seemed to have ignored and overlooked. By the beginning of the 20th century, the literary output of these religious leaders developed to form a unique genre of literature; a genre that is popularly referred to as "Arabic-Afrikaans" within the South African linguistic circles. Achmat Davids (1939-98), who may be regard (more) ed as the doyen of "Cape Islamic Studies," was among a handful of scholars who devoted much of his time to study carefully this type of literature. As a consequence of his labour, he produced one of the most significant contemporary works in South African linguistics. This review essay reflects upon the importance of Davids' path-breaking and invaluable study, which was recently co-edited by Hein Willemse and Suleman E. Dangor.

Muhammed, Haron

2012-01-01

134

The Death of the Subject in David Lynch’s Lost Highway and Mulholland Drive  

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Full Text Available David Lynch’s Lost Highway (1996) and Mulholland Drive (2001) are films that deeply startle spectators, fascinating some, upsetting others, but always causing much debate on the subject of “what the movie was about.” For most spectators and critics, this means figuring out the story and, ultimately, trying to distinguish between reality, or the real story, and the character’s fantasies, sometimes using psychoanalytic tools. But Lost Highway and Mulholland Drive are films that seem to evade ra...

David ROCHE

2004-01-01

135

Simplified david reimplantation with reduction of anular size and creation of artificial sinuses.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The David reimplantation procedure is the preferred method of preserving tricuspid aortic valves during aortic root replacement. We report the results of a simplified approach to the David valve-sparing root reimplantation. METHODS: Of 234 patients who underwent David reimplantation or some modification thereof, 129 operated on from January 2001 to June 2008 formed a consecutive single-surgeon series for midterm evaluation. Aortic anulus-left ventricular outflow tract and proximal tube graft size were reduced over a Hegar dilator to mean normal diameter based on body surface area, in the process creating neo-sinuses to accommodate cusp opening. Sixty-one patients (47%) had Marfan syndrome. Mean body surface area was 2.1 +/- 0.27 m(2). Preoperative aortic regurgitation grade was 1+ or less in 46%, 2+ in 26%, 3+ in 24%, and 4+ in 4.3%. RESULTS: Left ventricular outflow tract sizing by Hegar dilator was 17 mm in 9.5% of patients, 19 mm in 18%, 21 mm in 56%, and 23 mm in 16%. Fifty-five (43%) had concomitant cusp repair. Postoperative aortic regurgitation grade was 0 in 98%, and none of the remaining had greater than 2+ AR. Postoperative mean aortic gradient was 9.0 +/- 3.5 mm Hg. No patient had intraoperative abandonment of the repair, and there were no postoperative deaths or strokes. Five-year survival was 99%, and 4 patients (3%) required late valve replacement. CONCLUSIONS: A simple modification of the David operation, reducing anular size, and creating neo-sinuses preserves the aortic valve, eliminates aortic regurgitation, avoids aortic stenosis, and has favorable midterm results.

Svensson LG; Cooper M; Batizy LH; Nowicki ER

2010-05-01

136

Using optically scanned 3D data in the restoration of Michelangelo's David  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern 3D scanning technologies allow to reconstruct 3D digital representations of Cultural Heritage artifacts in a semi-automatic way, characterized by very high accuracy and wealth of details. The availability of an accurate digital representation opens several possibilities of utilization to experts (restorers, archivists, museum curators), or to ordinary people (students, museum visitors). 3D scanned data are commonly used for the production of animations, interactive visualizations, or virtual reality applications. A much more exciting opportunity is to use these data in the restoration of Cultural Heritage artworks. The integration between 3D graphic and restoration represents an open research field where many new supporting tools are required; the David restoration project has given several starting points and guidelines to the definition and development of innovative solutions. Digital 3D models can be used in two different but not subsidiary modes: as an instrument for the execution of specific investigations and as a supporting media for the archival and integration of all the restoration-related information, gathered with the different studies and analysis performed on the artwork. In this paper we present some recent work done in the framework of the Michelangelo's David restoration project. A 3D model of the David was reconstructed by the Digital Michelangelo Project, using laser-based 3D scanning technology. We have developed some tools to make those data accessible and useful in the restoration. Preliminary results are reported here together with some directions for further research.

Scopigno, Roberto; Cignoni, Paolo; Callieri, Marco; Ganovelli, Fabio; Impoco, G.; Pingi, P.; Ponchio, F.

2003-10-01

137

Midterm results of David reimplantation in patients with connective tissue disorder.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Few series have examined follow-up risks of the David reimplantation operation in patients with connective tissue disorder. Hence, we assessed its midterm safety and effectiveness for Marfan syndrome and other connective tissue disorders, such as Ehlers-Danlos, Loeys-Dietz, and marfanoid syndromes. METHODS: Of 313 patients who underwent modified David reimplantation, 178 identified as having connective tissue disorders underwent operation from January 1, 1991, to December 31, 2010. These disorders included Marfan (84%), marfanoid (8.4%), Loeys-Dietz (5.6%), Ehlers-Danlos (1.1%), and other syndromes (1.1%). Concomitant procedures included mitral valve repair in 7.3% and an atrial fibrillation procedure in 3.4%. RESULTS: There were no operative or 30-day deaths. Complications included prolonged ventilation (3%), renal failure (3%), reoperation for bleeding (2.2%), and permanent stroke (0.56%). Eight-year survival was 94% and freedom from aortic valve reoperation at 6 years was 92%. Of the 7 aortic valve reoperations, 3 were attributable to endocarditis and 3 to technical failure. One reoperation was performed at another hospital, and the reason could not be determined. There were no late strokes or hemorrhagic events. At 4 years, approximately 70% of patients had no aortic valve regurgitation, and 18% were in grade 1+. CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic root and valve preservation using David reimplantation is safe and provides excellent midterm effectiveness and low risk of late events except for endocarditis.

Svensson LG; Blackstone EH; Alsalihi M; Batizy LH; Roselli EE; McCullough R; Vivacqua A; Moran RT; Gillinov AM; Thamilarasan M; Griffin B; Hammer DF; Stewart WJ; Sabik JF 3rd; Lytle BW

2013-02-01

138

DAVID Knowledgebase: a gene-centered database integrating heterogeneous gene annotation resources to facilitate high-throughput gene functional analysis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Due to the complex and distributed nature of biological research, our current biological knowledge is spread over many redundant annotation databases maintained by many independent groups. Analysts usually need to visit many of these bioinformatics databases in order to integrate comprehensive annotation information for their genes, which becomes one of the bottlenecks, particularly for the analytic task associated with a large gene list. Thus, a highly centralized and ready-to-use gene-annotation knowledgebase is in demand for high throughput gene functional analysis. Description The DAVID Knowledgebase is built around the DAVID Gene Concept, a single-linkage method to agglomerate tens of millions of gene/protein identifiers from a variety of public genomic resources into DAVID gene clusters. The grouping of such identifiers improves the cross-reference capability, particularly across NCBI and UniProt systems, enabling more than 40 publicly available functional annotation sources to be comprehensively integrated and centralized by the DAVID gene clusters. The simple, pair-wise, text format files which make up the DAVID Knowledgebase are freely downloadable for various data analysis uses. In addition, a well organized web interface allows users to query different types of heterogeneous annotations in a high-throughput manner. Conclusion The DAVID Knowledgebase is designed to facilitate high throughput gene functional analysis. For a given gene list, it not only provides the quick accessibility to a wide range of heterogeneous annotation data in a centralized location, but also enriches the level of biological information for an individual gene. Moreover, the entire DAVID Knowledgebase is freely downloadable or searchable at http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov/knowledgebase/.

Sherman Brad T; Huang Da; Tan Qina; Guo Yongjian; Bour Stephan; Liu David; Stephens Robert; Baseler Michael W; Lane H Clifford; Lempicki Richard A

2007-01-01

139

D. M. Armstrong on the Identity Theory of Mind  

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Full Text Available The Identity theory of mind occupies an important place in the history of philosophy. This theory is one of the important representations of the materialistic philosophy. This theory is known as "Materialist Monist Theory of Mind". Sometimes it is called "Type Physicalism", "Type Identity" or "Type-Type Theory" or "Mind-Brain Identity Theory". This theory appears in the philosophical domain as a reaction to the failure of Behaviourism. A number of philosophers developed this theory and among them U. T. Place, J. J. C. Smart, Herbert Feigl, D. Armstrong, and David Lewis are prominent. The main thesis of this theory is-states and processes of the mind are identical to states and processes of the brain. In this paper, I am trying to delineate the view of Armstrong on the nature of mind.

Shanjendu Nath

2013-01-01

140

The David procedure in different valve pathologies: a single-center experience in 236 patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKROUND: Reports of the long-term outcome after the David procedure in different valve pathologies are limited. We compared our results in patients with tricuspid and bicuspid aortic valves, including those who required additional cusp repair. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2011, 236 patients (76% males; mean age, 56 ± 15; range, 12 to 79 years) underwent valve-sparing aortic root replacement (David procedure) for aortic regurgitation and were prospectively followed up clinically and echocardiographically. RESULTS: The follow-up was 94% complete. Cumulative follow-up time was 896 patient-years (mean follow-up time, 4.5 ± 2.7; range, 0.6 to 13.7 years). The 30-day mortality was 1.7% (4 of 236), and late mortality was 4% (10 of 232), with one cardiac-related death due to aortic valve regurgitation. Overall freedom from valve replacement was 94% and 87% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. In 201 patients with tricuspid aortic valves, freedom from reoperation was 94% and 90% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. This was comparable to the 53 patients with bicuspid aortic valves, with a freedom from reoperation of 97% at 5 years (p = 0.632). Forty-two patients (18%) required additional cusp repair and had a 100% freedom from reoperation at 5 years. Overall, 10 patients (4%) required reoperation, with a mean interval of 11.5 ± 10.7 months. Reasons for reoperation were recurrent aortic valve regurgitation grade II (n = 6), aortic stenosis (n = 2), endocarditis (n = 1), and a ruptured central plication (n = 1). CONCLUSIONS: The David procedure revealed excellent long-term outcomes independently from the valve morphology. Rates of reoperations and valve-related morbidity were acceptably low. Additional cusp repair was no predictor for failure of this procedure.

Liebrich M; Kruszynski MK; Roser D; Meisner C; Doll KN; Hemmer WB; Weimar T

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

David Sanders. A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance.  

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Full Text Available David Sanders in his monograph entitled A Divided Poet: Robert Frost, North of Boston, and the Drama of Disappearance (2011) sheds light on the dilemmas, doubts and personal conflicts Frost confronted while composing his poetic collection North of Boston in which some of his most well-known lyrics, such as “Mending Wall,” “After Apple-Picking,” and “The Wood-Pile,” are contained. This book should be considered alongside a number of other publications either in monograph or essay form that app...

Tatiani G. Rapatzikou

2012-01-01

142

High-precision surface analysis of the roughness of Michelangelo's David  

Science.gov (United States)

The knowledge of the shape of an artwork is an important element for its study and conservation. When dealing with a statue, roughness measurement is a very useful contribution to document its surface conditions, to assess either changes due to restoration intervention or surface decays due to wearing agents, and to monitor its time-evolution in terms of shape variations. In this work we present the preliminary results of the statistical analysis carried out on acquired data relative to six areas of the Michelangelo"s David marble statue, representative of differently degraded surfaces. Determination of the roughness and its relative characteristic wavelength is shown.

Fontana, Raffaella; Gambino, Maria Chiara; Greco, Marinella; Marras, Luciano; Materazzi, Marzia; Pampaloni, Enrico; Pezzati, Luca

2003-10-01

143

Christopher R. Fee & David A. Leeming. Gods, Heroes, and Kings. The Battle for Mythic Britain  

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Full Text Available A reassessment of British mythology has long been overdue, and Gods, Heroes and Kings is to be regarded as a stimulating contribution which helps to situate Anglo-Saxon tales in the mainstream of Medieval literature. Myths, pagan and Judeo-Christian beliefs, classical narratives: such vast material forms the backcloth Christopher F. Fee and David A. Leeming have undertaken to explore, thanks to an erudite comparative approach. Obviously, their book first aims at giving readers a new image of ...

Sophie ALATORRE

2006-01-01

144

The problem of moral based on human nature in David Hume  

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Full Text Available The biggest dream of Scottish philosopher David Hume was to establish a science to provide the entire unknown about human life with concreteness as is in positive sciences. The science that he called “Human Nature Science” seems as a concept including all human actions like moral, knowledge and liberty. Naturally, everything related to human actions imply a sense in respect of moral, as well. In this study, we try to understand how Hume explained the problem of morality based on human nature.

Emin Çelebi

2011-01-01

145

Le Breton David, En souffrance. Adolescence et entrée dans la vie  

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Full Text Available Les souffrances du jeune Werther, Rimbaud, Le Grand Meaulnes : littérature ancienne ! Quant à la « flamboyante jeunesse » ou à la « génération perdue » des Fitzgerald et des Hemingway, elles sont quasiment ignorées en France. Freud a dit l’Œdipe, Debesse, La crise d’originalité juvénile. David Le Breton, lui, articule d’abord sa recherche avec ses ouvrages antérieurs sur le risque et se focalise sur l’expérience psychologique de l’adolescent souhaitant échapper à la souffrance qu’il éprouve, ...

Claude Rivière

2011-01-01

146

David Farber, The Rise and Fall of Modern American Conservatism: A Short History.  

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Full Text Available In the wake of the recent mid-term elections, this book makes interesting reading. David Farber's overall argument here, as emphasised by the title, is that conservatism as a recognisable political movement, ranging from Robert Taft in the 1930s through to George W. Bush in the 2000s, has entered a period of decline. This could be a strong dose of (academic, liberal) wishful thinking, or, possibly, the author is on to something, but the American voter hasn’t realised it yet.The crucial point ...

Giles Scott-Smith

2010-01-01

147

Compte rendu de Vrydaghs (David), Michaux l’insaisissable. Socioanalyse d’une entrée en littérature  

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Full Text Available Henri Michaux, l’un des monstres sacrés de la littérature française du XXe siècle, est depuis plusieurs années le poète « français » le plus étudié en France et probablement au-delà. Les livres à son sujet sont pléthore, les articles se comptent par centaines, la littérature « michalienne » continue de couler à flots. Pourtant, le livre de David Vrydaghs, issu d’une thèse de doctorat soutenue à l’Université de Liège en 2005, vient combler une lacune, et non des moindres, puisqu’il propose, d’...

Paul Dirkx

2009-01-01

148

Para una des-comprensión filosófica del cine: el caso Inland Empire de David Lynch  

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Full Text Available El trabajo cuestiona la capacidad hermenéutica de la filosofía en su tarea de analizar películas, sosteniendo quetal capacidad dejó de ser apropiada para hacer surgir el sentido y la verdad de obras cinematográficas. Se argumentaque una capacidad interactiva y “performativa” sería más adecuada. Obras cinematográficas como las de David Lynchayudan a entender este paso metodológico y temático desde la noción interpretativa de la verdad hacia la noción interactivade la misma, al construir filmes que se configuran como “imposibles hermenéuticos”. El artículo contiene unaauto-crítica a la propia actitud hermenéutica aún asumida en mi libro Cine: 100 años de filosofía, de 1999.

Julio Cabrera

2009-01-01

149

Media(ting) Textual Therapies in David Lodge’s Therapy and Deaf Sentence  

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Full Text Available What the present article attempts at is mediating the image of a ‘discarnate man’ who inlays a discursive medium, itself a message. In so doing, it embarks upon two of David Lodge’s novels, Therapy (1995) and Deaf Sentence (2008) respectively as best implying and suggesting for a mode of survival: the exorcising writing act, manifest at the level of the text under the form of diary pages, letters or emails, seems to work as the best therapeutic treatment for depression (personal or textual), so that the poetics of the text is gradually traded for and replaced by the politics of the fictional game.

Lidia Mihaela Necula

2011-01-01

150

An interview with David H Farb, Section Editor for Basic Pharmacology.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

David H. Farb is Professor and Chair of the Department of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics at Boston University School of Medicine. Dr. Farb is Principal Investigator and Director of the Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Director of the university-wide NIGMS training program in Biomolecular Pharmacology. A renowned neuropharmacologist, his research integrates existing electrophysiological, behavioral, pharmacological, and molecular genetics technologies in a novel systems-level platform to establish a molecular dissection of spatial memory. In this interview we find out a little more about the key issues in this field of research.

Farb DH

2013-08-01

151

Johannes Kepler and David Fabricius: Their Discussion on the Nova of 1604  

Science.gov (United States)

David Fabricius (1564-1617) was one of the most important astronomers in the period between 1596, the year of publication of Kepler's Mysterium cosmographicum, and 1609, the year of publication of the Astronomia nova.1 Kepler praised Fabricius as the most accurate observational astronomer after Tycho Brahe's death in 1601.2 Fabricius was a Reformed pastor in Ostfriesland (East Frisia), his remote natal region, and a vocational astronomer. He published nothing in the field of astronomy except for the short treatises between 1604 and 1606 concerning the nova that appeared in October 1604 in Serpentarius.

Granada, Miguel A.

152

Bosquejos de niñez y proyectos de vida en la novela de Dickens “David Copperfield”  

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Full Text Available La interpretación de la novela de Charles Dickens David Copperfield se propone destacar las formas en que la literatura somete a debate bosquejos de subjetividad e interacción. El interés central es la asignación cultural de atributos individuales que derivan de esquemas predeterminados sobre valores personales y de formas de vida. A la construcción social del prejuicio se le brinda especial atención. El hilo del análisis lo lleva la interacción entre la figuras narrativas de David Copperfield y Urias Heep, pues conforman antípodas reflejo de antagonismos sociales. La configuración de contrastes entre las características de los personajes –los proyectos que encarnan y sus destinos– ofrece un campo para el estudio de las orientaciones para la acción en la vida cotidiana. Tal configuración prevé ordenamientos de la experiencia. Se hace énfasis en los elementos fundadores de una jerarquía de estilos y mundos de vida, que a su vez muestran cómo diferentes niveles simbólicos están comprometidos en la asignación de roles sociales y sus significados para un colectivo.

Jorge Sanabria-León

2003-01-01

153

Corpses of Metaphor. Images of Death in David Leavitt and Jamaica Kincaid  

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Full Text Available This essay analyzes two works, My Brother by Jamaica Kincaid, and "Saturn Street" by David Leavitt, investigating the construction of homosexuality as a process accomplished by resorting to illness (AIDS) and death. In both works, indeed, the slow and dramatic course of AIDS amounts to the progressive unveiling of homosexuality as a social threat or a cause of anxiety and repulsion. The two works are set in different contexts: whereas Jamaica Kincaid refers to the problematic situation of homosexuality in the Caribbean, David Leavitt explores the social and cultural scenario of the 1990s Los Angeles, in the wake of a by now ended utopian confidence in science and technology.  This comparative approach helps us understand the political dynamics through which, in different and, to some extents, opposite realities, the social stigma of AIDS worked as a means to construct homosexual identity and set it apart from the sanitized spectrum of normal and sanctioned sexual behaviors. The point I want to make in this essay is that the corpse is used as an effective metaphor for a dehumanized depiction of male homosexual and ill subjects.  

Fiorenzo Iuliano

2010-01-01

154

Has David Howden Vindicated Richard von Mises’s Definition of Probability?  

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Full Text Available In my recent article on these pages (Crovelli 2009) I argued that members of the Austrian School of economics have adopted and defended a faulty definition of probability. I argued that the definition of probability necessarily depends upon the nature of the world in which we live. I claimed that if the nature of the world is such that every event and phenomenon which occurs has a cause of some sort, then probability must be defined subjectively; that is, “as a measure of our uncertainty about the likelihood of occurrence of some event or phenomenon, based upon evidence that need not derive solely from past frequencies of ‘collectives’ or ‘classes.’” I further claimed that the nature of the world is indeed such that all events and phenomena have prior causes, and that this fact compels us to adopt a subjective definition of probability.David Howden has recently published what he claims is a refutation of my argument in his article “Single Trial Probability Applications: Can Subjectivity Evade Frequency Limitations” (Howden 2009). Unfortunately, Mr. Howden appears to not have understood my argument, and his purported refutation of my subjective definition consequently amounts to nothing more than a concatenation of confused and fallacious ideas that are completely irrelevant to my argument. David Howden has thus failed in his attempt to vindicate Richard von Mises’s definition of probability.

Mark R. Crovelli

2009-01-01

155

Sulle orme di Racine e Metastasio: Il castigo di Atalia di David Franco-Mendes  

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Full Text Available Atalia's Punishment by David Franco-Mendes is a biblical drama which belongs to the period of the  Hebrew Haskalah. The author declares openly that he was inspired by the works of Racine and Metastasio,  but although it is possible to identify many common features, there are also important differences. The character of Atalia is deprived of a tragic stature which could inspire sympathy in the reader,  while all the elements of the text regarding the Temple of Jerusalem and the coronation of the legitimate  heir to the lineage of David are amplified. In this way, the drama, as compared to the works of Racine  and Metastasio, is brought back to be closer to the sensibility of a Jewish audience. Its being written  according to the canons of modern literature, and in pure Biblical Hebrew, however, makes it ideally  accessible to an educated audience of non-Jewish origin. The work can then be interpreted as an attempt  to mediate between the Jewish and non-Jewish European culture, in the spirit of the Haskalah.

Anna Linda Callow

2011-01-01

156

eXistenZ by David Cronenberg: cyber-fictions for a post-humanity  

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Full Text Available This article analyses David Cronenberg's film, eXistenZ, with the aim of establishing comparative territory with the world of new, electronic text forms. A second objective is to examine the enormous, creative possibilities that can already be seen within our contemporary, literary panorama yet which demand a change in sensibilities in order to adjust them to the needs of the new paradigm. It constitutes a reflection on the transformation of certain cultural habits which may allow us to develop new critical tools for analysing and comprehending this new literary step into the digital environment. Full text (HTML) Este artículo presenta un análisis de la película eXistenZ, de David Cronenberg, con el fin de establecer un terreno comparativo con el mundo de las nuevas textualidades electrónicas y poder observar, de este modo, las enormes posibilidades creativas que ya se aprecian en el panorama literario contemporáneo pero que deben ir acompañadas de un cambio de sensibilidad para ajustarse a las necesidades del nuevo paradigma. Se trata de una reflexión sobre las transformaciones de unos ciertos hábitos culturales que, tal vez, nos permitirán llegar a desarrollar nuevas herramientas críticas para el análisis y comprensión de este nuevo paso de la literatura en el entorno digital.

Laura Borràs Castanyer

2003-01-01

157

A global version of a theorem of Ben-David and Magidor  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We prove a consistency result about square principles and stationaryreection which generalises the result of Ben-David and Magidor[4].1991 Mathematics Subject Classications: primary 03E35; secondary 03E05, 03E55yKeywords: Square, weak square, stationary reection, Radin forcing, large cardinalszSupported by the Volkswagen-Stiftung (RiP-program at Oberwolfach). In addition,this research was partially supported by PSC-CUNY Grants 665337 and 667379.xSupported by the Volkswagen-Stiftung (RiP-program at Oberwolfach). In addition,this research was partially supported by NSF Grant DMS-9703945.11 IntroductionIn this paper we prove a consistency result about square principles and stationaryreection, which is a generalisation of a theorem from Ben-David andMagidor's paper [4]. We begin by giving some pertinent facts and denitions.Denition 1.1 Let be an uncountable regular cardinal, let S be stationary,and let < . Then S reects at i cf() > ! and...

Arthur W. Apter; James Cummings

158

DAVID HUME, LA IMPOSIBILIDAD DE UN PROGRESO EN LOS SENTIMIENTOS MORALES  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El artículo aborda los alcances de la propuesta moral de David Hume, específicamente la idea de que, ante la imposibilidad de realizar propósitos morales sinceros, el camino que queda para el individuo es fingir que dichos sentimientos se han adquirido. Tal actitud es vista por el autor como favorable para las buenas relaciones sociales y para la construcción de acuerdos de convivencia entre individuos egoístas posesivos. Sin embargo, dado el radical determinismo de (more) la mente concebido por Hume, tal esfuerzo mostraría la intención por coadyuvar a soluciones pacíficas al problema de la insociabilidad, pero no tendría efectos reales sobre las pasiones originales de los individuos. Abstract in english This essay brings up the extent of David Hume's moral proposal; specifically, the idea that facing the impossibility of accomplish sincere moral aims the individual is left to feign that such sentiments have been acquired. Such attitude is seen by the philosopher as favourable for proper social relations andfor the shaping of coexistence agreements amongst possessive selfish individuals. Nevertheless, given such radical determinism of the mind conceived by Hume, the effor (more) t would remark only the attempts to team up with for reaching peaceful solutions for the problems of unsociability but would not have real effects over the original passions of the individuals.

Reinel Sánchez, José

2012-01-01

159

Waltz's Theory of Theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Kenneth N. Waltz's 1979 book, Theory of International Politics, is the most influential in the history of the discipline. It worked its effects to a large extent through raising the bar for what counted as theoretical work, in effect reshaping not only realism but rivals like liberalism and reflectivism. Yet, ironically, there has been little attention to Waltz's very explicit and original arguments about the nature of theory. This article explores and explicates Waltz's theory of theory. Central attention is paid to his definition of theory as ‘a picture, mentally formed' and to the radical anti-empiricism and anti-positivism of his position. Followers and critics alike have treated Waltzian neorealism as if it was at bottom a formal proposition about cause-effect relations. The extreme case of Waltz being so victorious in the discipline, and yet being consistently mis-interpreted on the question of theory, shows the power of a dominant philosophy of science in US IR, and thus the challenge facing any ambitious theorising. The article suggests a possible movement of fronts away from the ‘fourth debate' between rationalism and reflectivism towards one of theory against empiricism. To help this new agenda, the article introduces a key literature from philosophy of science about the structure of theory, and particularly about the way even natural science uses theory very differently from what IRs mainstream thinks - and much more like the way Waltz wants his theory used.

Wæver, Ole

2009-01-01

160

De David Belasco à Giacomo Puccini : La Fanciulla del West, premier opéra « américain » From David Belasco to Giacomo Puccini:La Fanciulla del West, first “American” opera  

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Full Text Available La Fanciulla del West is a “horse opera” resulting from the second collaboration between David Belasco and Giacomo Puccini. This work, specially composed for the American stage, which had its world premiere at New York’s Metropolitan Opera in December 1910, paved the way for American composers who increasingly focused on American History in their quest for a “national” opera. For the first time, Puccini resorted to genuine Indian music, a Zuni melody, which he re-elaborated for dramatic purposes and associated with the nostalgic mood of uprooted people, the miners who left their home country for America. The Other – the native American viewed from the vantage point of the white, as well as the foreigner – no longer represented a threat, as had been the case in the operatic repertoire before, but became part and parcel of a multicultural society, like the Italian immigrant to whom Puccini also paid tribute. The Zuni melody, which opens and closes the opera, contributes to giving a genuine twist to a score which is the first one to tackle the foundations of the American nation.

Walter Zidaric

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

W???????? ??? : A propos du roman inédit de David Vogel en yiddish “W ??? ???????” : About David Vogel’s unpublished novel in Yiddish ??????? ??? W : ????? ??? ???????? ????–??????????????? ??????? ???????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available At the beginning of the 1940s, Hebrew writer David Vogel (1891-1944) started to write a Yiddish novel for the first time. As an Austrian citizen living in France, he had been held in a camp for suspicious foreigners. His narrative, inspired by this experience, remained untitled after he was captured and sent to death by the Gestapo at the beginning of 1944. Its original version has never been published.This article gives an overview of critical approaches to this text that have been published up to now. It proposes an analysis based on Merleau-Ponty’s linguistic thought and on the principles of literary genetics. The manuscript, with its deletions and additions, is approached in the light of all the languages in which the author could have written in and that leave their mark on the narrative. The author of this article argues that the poetics of foreign language is more central than the question of Vogel’s linguistic identity. His writing in Yiddish thus poses the problem of the status of this language in a world where things are no longer called what they were.??????? 40?? ????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????? (1891 - 1944) ??? ????? ???? ????????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????. ??? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ???????????, ??? ?? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ???????????? ??????????. ??? ???????, ????? ??????????? ??? ??? ????? ???????????, ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????? 1944, ???? ?? ??? ?????????????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ????????????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????????.??? ??????? ?????????? ?? ???–??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????, ??? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????–???????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ??????. ??? ?????–?? ????? ?????????, ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????, ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??, ????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????–??????. ?? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???? ??? ????????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????????? ??????????. ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??????–?????? ??? ?? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????, ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????.

Lilach Nethanel

2011-01-01

162

A New Idea about Ricardo’s Comparative Advantage Theory on Condition of Multi-Commodity and Multi-Country  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today, many theories prove the imperfection and limits of David Ricardo’s comparative advantage theory. This paper offers necessary explanations and creates a model for the n*n condition (n countries and n commodities) derived from the comparative advantage theory. It is a static equilibrium analysis based on the original model. This paper advances the final distribution methods and ways for the n*n model of multi-commodity trade.

Yiqian Tian

2009-01-01

163

Instinto e razão na natureza humana, segundo Hume e Darwin/ Instinct and reason in human nature in David Hume and Charles Darwin  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Esta discussão pretende mostrar pontos relevantes de uma comparação entre a obra de David Hume e de Charles Darwin, no que toca às capacidades cognitivas humanas e de outros animais. Hume tem uma teoria que explica o conhecimento causal em termos de um instinto natural - o hábito. A presença de tal instinto pode ser entendida remetendo-se a uma teoria geral da natureza, onde o mundo é entendido como governado por leis e regularidades constantes, e sem a suposição (more) da interferência de um plano ou desígnio. Isto conduz Hume à aproximação entre a capacidade cognitiva humana e a de outros animais, que também manifestam um aprendizado instintivo do tipo causal. Darwin, por sua vez, menciona uma graduação de diversas capacidades de conhecimento, diferenciando a ação instintiva da ação que resulta de deliberação e inferência; e aponta para o fato de que muitos animais apresentam um grau significativo de comportamento inteligente. Seu mecanismo de evolução por seleção natural pretende explicar essas características, tanto no homem como nos animais. Disso resulta contemporaneamente uma corrente em epistemologia que tem recebido o nome de epistemologia evolutiva, a qual, ao seguir declaradamente Darwin, carece de uma interpretação mais detalhada do pensamento de Hume, que poderia, supõe-se, oferecer elementos para o tratamento de questões epistemológicas tais como a da capacidade para o conhecimento causal. Abstract in english This discussion intends to show some relevant elements, in order to establish a comparison between the works of David Hume and Charles Darwin concerning human and other animal's cognitive capacities. Hume develops a theory to explain causal knowledge in terms of a natural instinct - habit. The presence of this instinct can be understood by reference to a general theory of nature that conceives the world governed by constant laws and regularities, without any supposition o (more) f interference of an external design or intention. This leads Hume in the way of an approximation between human cognitive capacities and the cognitive capacities of other animals, which also reveals instinctive learning of causal type. Darwin, on his turn, offers a graduation of many capacities of knowledge, distinguishing instinctive action from action resulting from deliberation and inference, and points to the fact that many animals have a significant degree of intelligent behavior. Darwinian mechanism of evolution by natural selection wants to explain this character, in humans as much as in animals. From that results the contemporary fashion in epistemology called evolutionary epistemology that, by following Darwin, lacks a more detailed interpretation of Hume's teaching that could, we suppose, offer elements to the treatment of questions such as the capacity of causal knowledge.

Matos, José Claudio Morelli

2007-09-01

164

[Recurrent depressive disorder in Caspar David Friedrich. A pathographical approach with operationalized diagnosis].  

Science.gov (United States)

Caspar David Friedrich (1774 - 1840) is one of the most important German Romantic painters. In his paintings, he prototypically represents the melancholy, which has been mentioned by his contemporaries and later biographers. Art scientists have also referred to his melancholy for the interpretation of his work. From a medical point of view, there are only two pathographies which remain inconclusive. Having applied diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders to his letters and publications, to statements of his contemporaries and to his art, we propose that he had suffered from a recurrent major depression which occurred in 1799 for the first time. At least three depressive episodes followed before he was struck by a stroke in 1835. There are epidemiological, psychodynamic and personality-typological reasons supporting our diagnostic assumption. The course of his depression corresponds to phases of reduced creativity, to the chosen techniques and motives. Finally we discuss the implications of our approach for the pathographical method in general. PMID:16586254

Spitzer, C; Dahlenburg, B; Freyberger, H J

2006-01-02

165

Animals and nature: mapping storylines and metaphors in David Kramer’s narratives  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses the representation of animals and nature in selected lyrics from the oeuvre of singer, songwriter and producer David Kramer and considers his engagement with historical and contemporary discourses about human-animal and human-nature interaction in relation to ecological awareness within a South African context. I trace the socio-political commentary voiced through his depiction of animals in the folksongs he wrote during apartheid, especially in lyrics from the album “Baboondogs” (Kramer, 1986). Kramer also employs intertextual references to traditional South African folksongs and tales in his music. Furthermore, the social and environmental significance of Kramer’s representations of nature in a selection of his postapartheid lyrics is investigated. I argue that the pedagogical value of Kramer’s cultural commentary can contribute significantly to the challenge of teaching animal studies and ecocriticism in South African context.

M. Slabbert

2011-01-01

166

Work plan addendum for David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site Building Characterization, Knoxville, Tennessee  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This building characterization plan was developed as an addendum to the existing site characterization work plan documents, which are in Appendix B of the David Witherspoon, Inc., (DWI) preliminary remedial investigation (RI)/feasibility study (FS). All building characterization activities will be conducted in accordance with the rules of the Hazardous Substance Remedial Action Program under the direction of the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, Division of Superfund (TN Rules 1200-1-3) and its implementing regulations. Additional rules of the state of Tennessee, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency guidance were consulted during development of this plan. Activities at the DWI site were concerned with scrap metal processing and scrap metal resale.

1997-01-01

167

Work plan for the radiological survey for the David Witherspoon, Incorporated, Landfill-1630 site, Knoxville, Tennessee  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This work plan establishes the methods and requirements for performing a radiological survey at the David Witherspoon, Incorporated, Landfill-1630 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee (DWI 1630 Site) in accordance with requirements under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). The radiological survey will identify the radiological contamination level of the equipment and debris stored at the DWI 1630 Site. The data generated from the survey activities will support the decisions for characterization of the equipment/debris and aid in subsequent disposition and waste handling. The survey activities to be performed under this work plan include an equipment radiological survey, a walkover survey, and an immunoassay testing for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This work plan includes a quality assurance (QA)/quality control (QC) project plan, a health and safety (H&S) plan, and a waste management plan.

NONE

1996-07-01

168

Work plan for the radiological survey for the David Witherspoon, Incorporated, Landfill-1630 site, Knoxville, Tennessee  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This work plan establishes the methods and requirements for performing a radiological survey at the David Witherspoon, Incorporated, Landfill-1630 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee (DWI 1630 Site) in accordance with requirements under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA). The radiological survey will identify the radiological contamination level of the equipment and debris stored at the DWI 1630 Site. The data generated from the survey activities will support the decisions for characterization of the equipment/debris and aid in subsequent disposition and waste handling. The survey activities to be performed under this work plan include an equipment radiological survey, a walkover survey, and an immunoassay testing for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This work plan includes a quality assurance (QA)/quality control (QC) project plan, a health and safety (H ampersand S) plan, and a waste management plan

1996-01-01

169

Should all patients receive dual chamber pacing ICDs? The rationale for the DAVID trial.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

All of the prospective multicenter trials that support the use of implantable defibrillators have used single chamber pacemakers/implantable cardiovertor defibrillators (ICDs). Despite the significantly increased cost of dual chamber pacemaker/ICD devices and the lack of outcome data, these devices accounted for approximately two-thirds of the ICDs implanted in the United States during the 12 months ending April 2001. Dual chamber pacemaker trials have not provided data that would support this trend, but the high incidence of atrial fibrillation, bradycardia, and congestive heart failure, as comorbid conditions, suggest that the situation could be different in the defibrillator patient population. The DAVID (Dual Chamber and VVI Implantable Defibrillator) trial is designed to measure the incremental benefit of dual chamber pacemaker/ICDs.

Wilkoff BL

2001-01-01

170

Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee: Volume 1  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This remedial investigation (RI)/feasibility study (FS) supports the selection of remedial actions for the David Witherspoon, Inc. 901 Maryville Pike Site in Knoxville, Tennessee. Operations at the site, used as a recycling center, have resulted in past, present, and potential future releases of hazardous substances in to the environment. This Site is a Tennessee Superfund site. A phased approach was planned to (1) gather existing data from previous investigations managed by the Tenn. Dept. of Environment and Conservation; (2) perform a preliminary RI, including risk assessments, and an FS with existing data to identify areas where remedial action may be necessary; (3) gather additional field data to adequately define the nature and extent of risk-based contaminants that present identifiable threats to human and/or ecological receptors; and (4) develop remedial action alternatives to reduce risks to acceptable levels.

NONE

1996-10-01

171

Remedial investigation/feasibility study for the David Witherspoon, Inc., 901 Site, Knoxville, Tennessee: Volume 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This remedial investigation (RI)/feasibility study (FS) supports the selection of remedial actions for the David Witherspoon, Inc. 901 Maryville Pike Site in Knoxville, Tennessee. Operations at the site, used as a recycling center, have resulted in past, present, and potential future releases of hazardous substances in to the environment. This Site is a Tennessee Superfund site. A phased approach was planned to (1) gather existing data from previous investigations managed by the Tenn. Dept. of Environment and Conservation; (2) perform a preliminary RI, including risk assessments, and an FS with existing data to identify areas where remedial action may be necessary; (3) gather additional field data to adequately define the nature and extent of risk-based contaminants that present identifiable threats to human and/or ecological receptors; and (4) develop remedial action alternatives to reduce risks to acceptable levels

1996-01-01

172

Tirone David valve-sparing aortic root replacement and cusp repair for bicuspid aortic valve disease.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: The durability of valve-sparing aortic root replacement with or without cusp repair in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is questioned. We analyzed the results of 75 patients with a BAV undergoing Tirone David reimplantation valve-sparing aortic root replacement. METHODS: Average age was 45 ± 10 years; 80% were male; 31% had 2+ or greater aortic regurgitation (AR); annular diameter averaged 28 ± 3 mm; 32% had a Sievers' type 0 BAV, and 66% underwent concomitant cusp repair (usually cusp free margin shortening) to correct prolapse. Early (6 ± 3 days) and late (2.9 ± 1.7, 1-10 years) postoperative echocardiographic results were compared (cumulative echocardiographic follow-up, 190 patient-years; median late interval, 2 years [interquartile range, 0.68, 4.2]). Seven patients remained at risk beyond 6 years. Clinical outcome and valve function were analyzed using log-rank calculations. RESULTS: Actuarial survival was 99% ± 2%; freedom from reoperation was 90% ± 5%, infection 98% ± 2%, and stroke 100% at 6 years. After initial improvement in degree of AR (P < .001), minor subclinical progression of AR was observed (P > .5); however, freedom from AR of more than 2+ was 100%. Cusp free margin shortening was not associated with valve deterioration, but commissural suspensory polytetrafluoroethylene neochord creation (n = 4) portended a higher probability of recurrent AR (P = .025). CONCLUSIONS: After David procedure and cusp repair in patients with a BAV, midterm clinical and valve function outcomes were favorable out to 6 years. More follow-up is required to determine long-term valve durability and the hazard of other clinically important late adverse events, including eventual reoperation, to beyond 10 years.

Kari FA; Liang DH; Kvitting JP; Stephens EH; Mitchell RS; Fischbein MP; Miller DC

2013-03-01

173

Investigación acerca de los ideales en el vínculo de pareja empleando el método algoritmo David Liberman en el cuento "La prometida del tigre"/ Research on the ideals in couple links, applying the David Liberman algorithm to the tale "The tiger's bride"  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El propósito del presente trabajo es analizar los ideales que subyacen al vínculo de pareja transmitidos en el cuento "La prometida del tigre". Comenzamos con una introducción en la que planteamos la importancia del cuento como dispositivo de la sociedad y definimos los términos: ideal, valor, subjetividad y cultura a fin de articularlos en relación con el texto seleccionado. En la segunda parte nos referimos al contexto literario del cuento "La prometida del tigre", (more) desarrollamos el origen de su precursor, que es el cuento "La bella y la bestia", y nombramos algunas versiones del mismo. Inmediatamente presentamos el argumento de la narración elegida. A continuación, en el punto tres, describimos el método utilizado para este análisis, que es el Algoritmo David Liberman (ADL), un método diseñado para el análisis del discurso, basado en la teoría freudiana, que permite detectar pulsiones y defensas. Para este trabajo el método fue aplicado en el nivel de análisis del relato. Las características de la muestra sobre la que trabajamos son observadas en el punto cuatro. Recién a partir del punto cinco desplegamos el desarrollo propiamente dicho, que consiste en la presentación de las grillas correspondientes a las secuencias de relatos de las escenas desplegadas y la descripción cuantitativa y el análisis cualitativo que deriva de las mismas. Por último, en la conclusión indicamos lo novedoso del planteo de Angela Carter en relación con los ideales y valores que configuran la pareja. Abstract in english The purpose of the present work is to analyze the ideals underlying couple links, according to the expression in the tale "The tiger's bride". The method applied for this analysis is the David Liberman algorithm (DLA), a method devised for discourse analysis, based on Freudian theory, which is intended to detect drives and defenses. For the present analysis the method was applied on the level of narratives.

Cerioni, Ada

2012-06-01

174

"And This Is How You Shall Ask": Linguistics, Anthropology, and Education in the Work of David Smith  

Science.gov (United States)

This article celebrates the life and work of David M. Smith, former Council on Anthropology and Education president and founder of the University of Pennsylvania Ethnography in Education Research Forum, tracing his contributions to the fields of linguistics, anthropology, and education through the dual lens of his ten research principles and Walt…

Gilmore, Perry; McDermott, Ray

2006-01-01

175

75 FR 5781 - David Noland; Notice of Declaration of Intention and Soliciting Comments, Protests, and/or...  

Science.gov (United States)

...DI10-6-000] David Noland; Notice of Declaration of Intention and Soliciting Comments...inspection: a. Application Type: Declaration of Intention. b. Docket No: DI10-6-000...to an interstate grid. When a Declaration of Intention is filed with the...

2010-02-04

176

Interview with M. David Merrill: Half a Century of Experience in the Field of Educational Technology and Instructional Design  

Science.gov (United States)

|M. David Merrill is a leading figure in the field of educational technology and instructional design. He has been contributing to our field for about half a century. His contributions have particularly focused on instructional strategies and fundamental learning principles more than the use of educational media and their influences. He has…

Simsek, Ali

2010-01-01

177

THE ANALYSIS OF THE VASCULAR FLORA OF THE NATURE RESERVE FROM VALEA LUI DAVID (IA?I)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this research is to update the floristic list for the hayfields of Valea lui David nature reserve. We recorded 480 species of vascular and analysed their taxonomy, composition of floristic elements, and the rare species included in the Romanian and international red lists

OANA ZAMFIRESCU

2010-01-01

178

Communications Theory/Gender/Identity Resources  

Science.gov (United States)

David Gauntlett, a Lecturer in Social Communications at the Institute of Communications Studies, University of Leeds, has compiled a unique collection of resources to complement the study of communications theory. This sleek compendium introduces the important ideas associated with the socio-cultural concept of identity; explores the position of role models within popular culture; and outlines the principles of gender studies, feminism, and queer theory. In addition, the site profiles the work of four important thinkers in communications theory: Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, Theodor Adorno, and Antonio Gramsci. Each profile also includes a select bibliography and links to relevant sites. As a supplement to the information available at the site, Dr. Gauntlett provides a brief annotated bibliography of recently published books on topics related to media and identity.

179

Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory  

CERN Document Server

In Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory, David B. Malament presents the basic logical-mathematical structure of general relativity and considers a number of special topics concerning the foundations of general relativity and its relation to Newtonian gravitation theory. These special topics include the geometrized formulation of Newtonian theory (also known as Newton-Cartan theory), the concept of rotation in general relativity, and Gödel spacetime. One of the highlights of the book is a no-go theorem that can be understood to show that there is

Malament, David B

2012-01-01

180

Response to the Point of View of Gregory B. Pauly, David M. Hillis, and David C. Cannatella, by the Anuran Subcommittee of the SSAR/HL/ASIH Scientific and Standard English Names List  

Science.gov (United States)

The Point of View by Gregory Pauly, David Hillis, and David Cannatella misrepresents the motives and activities of the anuran subcommittee of the Scientific and Standard English Names Committee, contains a number of misleading statements, omits evidence and references to critical literature that have already rejected or superseded their positions, and cloaks the limitations of their nomenclatural approach in ambiguous language. Their Point of View is not about promoting transparency in the process of constructing the English Names list, assuring that its taxonomy is adequately reviewed, or promoting nomenclatural stability in any global sense. Rather, their Point of View focuses in large part on a single publication, The Amphibian Tree of Life, which is formally unrelated to the Standard English Names List, and promotes an approach to nomenclature mistakenly asserted by them to be compatible with both the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and one of its competitors, the PhyloCode.

Frost, Darrel R.; McDiarmid, Roy W.; Mendelson, Joseph R. III

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Jane Eyre de Michael Berkeley et de David Malouf : La transposition opératique d’un grand classique de la littérature anglaise Jane Eyre by Michael Berkeley and David Malouf: The Operatic Rewriting of a Great Classic English Novel  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses Michael Berkeley’s opera Jane Eyre. Premiered on June 30, 2000 by Music Theatre Wales at the Cheltenham International Festival of Music, this opera is based on the novel by Charlotte Brontë and the libretto is written by the Australian poet, novelist, playwright and librettist, David Malouf. It was risky and daring to try to adapt this famous and long novel for the stage. We will particularly focus on the similarities and differences between the novel and the opera as well as on the strategies used both by David Malouf and Michael Berkeley to adapt it. Through the analysis of the similarities we will see how Michael Berkeley set to music some of the great themes and elements of the novel: passion, a sense of entrapment, the “Gothic” atmosphere. On the other hand, the analysis of the discrepancies between the novel and the opera as they appear in both the libretto and the music will lead us to a modern apprehension of the characterization of madness as well as of the metafictional dimension of the rewriting of Jane Eyre by David Malouf and Michael Berkeley.  

Jean-Philippe Héberlé

2009-01-01

182

[Lessons learned from Magen David Adom's activities during the 2nd Lebanon War].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The activities of Magen David Adom (MDA) during the 2nd Lebanese War led to a series of conclusions (some established during the fighting) regarding the operational concept of the organization, the response to the needs of the team members, and the resource requirements. The fighting led to an update in the operational concept, moving to the smaller based operational unit--the station, creating a flexible concept, enabling response to various simultaneous scenes, quickly generating a common situational awareness, and relocation of resources to the more relevant events. TechnoLogy must support the operational concept. The response to stress-related victims should be part of the operational concept during conflict. Debriefing and learning processes are part of the response and enable adaptation to the changing reality. A comprehensive response to the needs of the team members is required, by relocation of family members, meeting the daily needs and preventing stress-related reactions among them. A rotation of leave of absence, central management of human resources and the management of volunteers--spontaneous and those who return to active work, are other components of this issue. The required resources--personal protective equipment, collective protection, command control and communications equipment, the supplies level and the different vehicles required for the operation, are important issues in the operational program of the organization. Collecting blood, maintaining a strategic stockpile and protecting the units, are all part of MDA missions.

Rafalowski C; Peleg K; Bin E

2010-07-01

183

[Lessons learned from Magen David Adom's activities during the 2nd Lebanon War].  

Science.gov (United States)

The activities of Magen David Adom (MDA) during the 2nd Lebanese War led to a series of conclusions (some established during the fighting) regarding the operational concept of the organization, the response to the needs of the team members, and the resource requirements. The fighting led to an update in the operational concept, moving to the smaller based operational unit--the station, creating a flexible concept, enabling response to various simultaneous scenes, quickly generating a common situational awareness, and relocation of resources to the more relevant events. TechnoLogy must support the operational concept. The response to stress-related victims should be part of the operational concept during conflict. Debriefing and learning processes are part of the response and enable adaptation to the changing reality. A comprehensive response to the needs of the team members is required, by relocation of family members, meeting the daily needs and preventing stress-related reactions among them. A rotation of leave of absence, central management of human resources and the management of volunteers--spontaneous and those who return to active work, are other components of this issue. The required resources--personal protective equipment, collective protection, command control and communications equipment, the supplies level and the different vehicles required for the operation, are important issues in the operational program of the organization. Collecting blood, maintaining a strategic stockpile and protecting the units, are all part of MDA missions. PMID:21465758

Rafalowski, Chaim; Peleg, Kobi; Bin, Eli

2010-07-01

184

Meet the Authors of "Social Context View of Sociology" by Marty Zusman, David Knox and Tracie Gardner:  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Social Context View of Sociology by Marty E. Zusman, David Knox, and Tracie Gardner (2009) is an introductory sociology textbook published by Carolina University Press (ISBN 978-1-59460-572-7). The purpose of writing The Social Context View of Sociology was to provide a unique perspective of the social world. More importantly, to avoid what we consider the sometimes confusing introduction of the discipline (by standard textbooks) into diverse frameworks, we presented a basic typology.

Marty E. Zusman

2008-01-01

185

David N. Reznick's The " Origin" Then and Now: An Interpretive Guide to the " Origin of Species": A Précis  

Science.gov (United States)

David Reznick is one of the world's leading evolutionary biologists. His book on Charles Darwin's Origin of Species is given here in a précis, in order to show the underlying approach that he takes towards a work that is a classic in his field. It is shown that Reznick's interests are less in Darwin for his own sake and more in the importance of Darwin's ideas for science today.

Ruse, Michael

2013-09-01

186

Interview to David Thompson NASA astrophysicist, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery.  

CERN Multimedia

Interview to David Thompson NASA astrophysicist, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery, focussing on the gamma ray sky and the Fermi space telescope.

CERN Visual Media Office

2012-01-01

187

« Tu as versé beaucoup de sang, et tu as fait de grandes guerres ». Charles Quint et le roi David dans les écrits des rederijkers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cet article décrit les relations complexes et changeantes entre Charles Quint et les chambres de rhétorique, le phénomène littéraire qui domina les Pays-Bas néerlandophones aux XVe et XVIe siècles, à travers une analyse de l’image du roi David dans les écrits des rederijkers. David était souvent utilisé par les rhétoriqueurs pour glorifier l’empereur, mais aussi pour exprimer leurs espoirs et leurs déceptions face à son régime. Ironiquement, David ne fut pas seulement un type et un exemple du prince Habsbourg, il le fut aussi des adeptes de la Réforme, dont bon nombre étaient membres des chambres de rhétorique.A través del análisis de la imagen del rey David en los escritos de los rederijkers, este artículo describe las relaciones complejas y cambiantes entre Carlos V y las cámaras de retórica, institución literaria determinante en los Países Bajos de habla neerlandesa durante los siglos XV y XVI. Los retóricos utilizaron a menudo a David para glorificar al emperador, pero también para expresar sus esperanzas y decepciones frente a su gobierno. David no fue sólo un modelo y un ejemplo para el príncipe de la Casa de Austria, sino que lo fue también, irónicamente, para los adeptos de la Reforma, entre quienes se contaban muchos miembros de las cámaras de retórica.

Samuel Mareel

2012-01-01

188

David Brailer on a private-public health information technology infrastructure. Interview by Susan V. White.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

David Brailer, MD PhD, was appointed the first National Health Information Technology Coordinator by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson on May 6, 2004. As National Coordinator he is to execute President Bush's Executive Order of April 27, 2004, calling for widespread deployment of health information technology (HIT) within 10 years. Dr. Brailer is an authority on clinical data sharing, local health information exchanges, and the use of peer-to-peer technologies in healthcare. He is a leader in the strategy and financing of quality and efficiency in healthcare, with a particular emphasis on HIT and health systems management. Previously, Dr. Brailer was a Senior Fellow at the Health Technology Center in San Francisco, advising a variety of regional and national data-sharing projects and several major corporations about the role of IT in improving the quality of healthcare. Dr. Brailer recently completed 10 years as Chairman and CEO of CareScience, Inc., a provider of care management services and Internet-based solutions that help reduce medical errors and improve physician and hospital-based performance. Dr. Brailer holds doctoral degrees in both medicine and economics. While in medical school, he was a Charles A. Dana Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and the first recipient of the National Library of Medicine Martin Epstein Award for his work in expert systems. Dr. Brailer was among the first medical students to serve on the Board of Trustees of the American Medical Association.

Brailer D

2004-11-01

189

Graph Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

Graph theory is widely used in computer science, engineering and of course, mathematics. Wikipedia offers this definition and overview of Graph Theory (1). This next website from Mega-Math (2) reviews some of the Vocabulary of Graphs and highlights some applications for graph theory, such as the design of computer systems and games. Some additional applications for Graph Theory are discussed in this more technical book called Graph Theory with Applications (3). This website from Georgia Tech (4) discusses a proof that allows a user to create a map of the U.S. using just four colors. For a more involved explanation of Graph Theory, see this Graph Theory book by Reinhard Diestel (5). On this next website (6), Christopher P. Mawata of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga offers a collection of Graph Theory Lessons for educators. The final website provides a short biography of a key figure in Graph Theory who recently passed away, Frank Harary (7).

190

Análisis argumentativo de dos sujetos miembros de una asamblea de ambientalistas bajo el método del Algoritmo David Liberman (ADL) en su modalidad de actos del habla/ Argumentative analysis of two individuals, members of an environmentalist assembly, with the David Liberman Algorithm (DLA), on the speech acts level  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Tras de hacer una presentación acerca de los distintos modos de entender el poder y las características propias de este lenguaje a diferencia de otros, se pondera la teoría de las erogeneidades como marco teórico interpretativo de este trabajo. Posteriormente se presenta el proyecto de investigación en curso y los alcances de esta primera fase. Se analiza desde los actos del habla bajo el Algoritmo David Liberman (ADL) el discurso de dos sujetos que participan en una (more) asamblea ambientalista. El objeto de analizar a dos actores de la misma asamblea permite contrastar la diferencia retórica que expresan en sus convocatorias. Según los resultados, el sujeto A utiliza preponderantemente el lenguaje del poder bajo el ideal vindicativo y justiciero apoyado en un lenguaje expositivo y ordenado evocando pasajes a modo de comprensión empática. Su convocatoria final es en contra de la autoridad del gobierno tenido como antagónico e invita a organizarse al interior bajo un orden natural, en donde no hay jerarquías sino igualdad total. Mientras que el sujeto B utiliza preponderantemente el lenguaje que implica el deber, el orden, en miras de un ideal ambicioso propone acceder al lugar de los rivales; ser gobierno. Finalmente se pondera la dimensión de estas argumentaciones, sus semejanzas y diferencias. A modo de conclusión se precisan los aportes de este estudio y su prospectiva. Abstract in english After making a presentation of the different ways in which power can be understood and of the characteristics of the language expressing it, the wish theory as theoretical framework of interpretation for this study is assessed. Secondly, the ongoing research project and scope of its first phase is presented. The discourse of two individuals participating in an environmentalist assembly is analyzed on the speech acts level with the David Liberman algorithm (DLA). The purpo (more) se of analyzing two actors in the same assembly allows to contrast the rhetoric expressed in their appeals. According to the results, person A's predominant use of the language of power manifests a vengeful and righteous ideal supported by language expressed in narrative, orderly fashion evoking empathic understanding. His final argument is an appeal against the government authority, considered antagonistic, and in favor of an organization based on natural regulation, implying total equality and no hierarchies. On the other hand, person B uses the language that predominantly implies duty and order, targeting an ambitious ideal with plans to access his rivals in order to govern. Finally, the article assesses the scope of these arguments, its similarities and differences. To conclude, the contributions of this study and foresight are precised.

Sánchez Antillón, Antonio

2010-06-01

191

Geometrical properties of conformal field theories coupled to two-dimensional quantum gravity  

CERN Document Server

In this work we discuss an approach due to F. David to the geometry of world sheets of non-critical strings in quasiclassical approximation. The gravitational dressed conformal dimension is related to the scaling behavior of the two-point function with respect to a distance variable. We show how this approach reproduces the standard gravitational dressing in the next order of perturbation theory. With the same technique we calculate the intrinsic Hausdorff dimension of a world sheet.

Braune, S

1994-01-01

192

"Implicate order" and the good life : applying David Bohm's ontology in the human world  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In an attempt to formulate a coherent view of quantum reality, the theoretical physicist David Bohm has proposed a new concept of order to supplement the mechanistic Cartesian order of traditional physics. The "implicate" order is a subtler and deeper order that emphasizes "unbroken wholeness in flowing movement," in contrast to the coarser and more superficial, "explicate" Cartesian order of distinct phenomena. This dissertation attempts to develop a meaning for the idea of implicate order in the human world. First is offerend an account of some evolutionary episodes in terms of implicate and explicate order which draws on compatible work in cosmology, embryogenesis, visual perception, brain memory, decision making and phenomenology. Two important characteristics of the implicate order are then identified: in an implicate order, the whole is enfolded (or represented) in each of its parts; and all parts renders different perspectives of the whole. Using arguments from decision making, the study of "flow" in human consciousness, and a model of skill acquisition, it is suggested that these characteristics manifest themselves in the human world as the "unity experience" and the "diversity experience," respectively. The former is the experience that a given part of one's life reveals a larger wholeness or unity; the subject-object distinction is transcended and one becomes absorbed in the flow of whatever activity is pursued. The latter is a deep appreciation of the diversity of ways in which people may seek the unity experience. These experiences are proposed as general values: social and psychological conditions ought to be such that these experiences are enhanced in all people. A two-by-two matrix of these experiences demonstrates the danger of pursuing one to the exclusion of the other. The experience of unity without diversity turns into absolutism, the insistence that one's chosen activities or beliefs are the only right one. The experience of diversity without unity becomes relativism, the excessivetolerance of and indifference to other people's pursuits. The good life lies in the simultaneous realization of both, unity-in-diversity. Lastly, it is suggested that this so-called unity-diversity matrix may be used as a personal compass the meaning of which is negotiated and calibrated in a community of users.

Ravn, Ib

1989-01-01

193

Implicate Order and the Good Life : Applying David Bohm's Ontology in the Human World  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In an attempt to formulate a coherent view of quantum reality, the theoretical physicist David Bohm has proposed a new concept of order to supplement the mechanistic Cartesian order of traditional physics. The "implicate" order is a subtler and deeper order that emphasizes "unbroken wholeness in flowing movement," in contrast to the coarser and more superficial, "explicate" Cartesian order of distinct phenomena. This dissertation attempts to develop a meaning for the idea of implicate order in the human world. First is offerend an account of some evolutionary episodes in terms of implicate and explicate order which draws on compatible work in cosmology, embryogenesis, visual perception, brain memory, decision making and phenomenology. Two important characteristics of the implicate order are then identified: in an implicate order, the whole is enfolded (or represented) in each of its parts; and all parts renders different perspectives of the whole. Using arguments from decision making, the study of "flow" in human consciousness, and a model of skill acquisition, it is suggested that these characteristics manifest themselves in the human world as the "unity experience" and the "diversity experience," respectively. The former is the experience that a given part of one's life reveals a larger wholeness or unity; the subject-object distinction is transcended and one becomes absorbed in the flow of whatever activity is pursued. The latter is a deep appreciation of the diversity of ways in which people may seek the unity experience. These experiences are proposed as general values: social and psychological conditions ought to be such that these experiences are enhanced in all people. A two-by-two matrix of these experiences demonstrates the danger of pursuing one to the exclusion of the other. The experience of unity without diversity turns into absolutism, the insistence that one's chosen activities or beliefs are the only right one. The experience of diversity without unity becomes relativism, the excessivetolerance of and indifference to other people's pursuits. The good life lies in the simultaneous realization of both, unity-in-diversity. Lastly, it is suggested that this so-called unity-diversity matrix may be used as a personal compass the meaning of which is negotiated and calibrated in a community of users.

Ravn, Ib

1989-01-01

194

David Grant Medical Center energy use baseline and integrated resource assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The US Air Mobility Command (AMC) has tasked Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) with supporting the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) mission to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy resource opportunities (EROs) at the David Grant Medical Center (DGMC). This report describes the methodology used to identify and evaluate the EROs at DGMC, provides a life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis for each ERO, and prioritizes any life-cycle cost-effective EROs based on their net present value (NPV), value index (VI), and savings to investment ratio (SIR or ROI). Analysis results are presented for 17 EROs that involve energy use in the areas of lighting, fan and pump motors, boiler operation, infiltration, electric load peak reduction and cogeneration, electric rate structures, and natural gas supply. Typical current energy consumption is approximately 22,900 MWh of electricity (78,300 MBtu), 87,600 kcf of natural gas (90,300 MBtu), and 8,300 gal of fuel oil (1,200 MBtu). A summary of the savings potential by energy-use category of all independent cost-effective EROs is shown in a table. This table includes the first cost, yearly energy consumption savings, and NPV for each energy-use category. The net dollar savings and NPV values as derived by the life-cycle cost analysis are based on the 1992 federal discount rate of 4.6%. The implementation of all EROs could result in a yearly electricity savings of more than 6,000 MWh or 26% of current yearly electricity consumption. More than 15 MW of billable load (total billed by the utility for a 12-month period) or more than 34% of current billed demand could also be saved. Corresponding natural gas savings would be 1,050 kcf (just over 1% of current consumption). Total yearly net energy cost savings for all options would be greater than $343,340. This value does not include any operations and maintenance (O M) savings.

Richman, E.E.; Hoshide, R.K.; Dittmer, A.L.

1993-04-01

195

David Grant Medical Center energy use baseline and integrated resource assessment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The US Air Mobility Command (AMC) has tasked Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) with supporting the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program`s (FEMP) mission to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy resource opportunities (EROs) at the David Grant Medical Center (DGMC). This report describes the methodology used to identify and evaluate the EROs at DGMC, provides a life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis for each ERO, and prioritizes any life-cycle cost-effective EROs based on their net present value (NPV), value index (VI), and savings to investment ratio (SIR or ROI). Analysis results are presented for 17 EROs that involve energy use in the areas of lighting, fan and pump motors, boiler operation, infiltration, electric load peak reduction and cogeneration, electric rate structures, and natural gas supply. Typical current energy consumption is approximately 22,900 MWh of electricity (78,300 MBtu), 87,600 kcf of natural gas (90,300 MBtu), and 8,300 gal of fuel oil (1,200 MBtu). A summary of the savings potential by energy-use category of all independent cost-effective EROs is shown in a table. This table includes the first cost, yearly energy consumption savings, and NPV for each energy-use category. The net dollar savings and NPV values as derived by the life-cycle cost analysis are based on the 1992 federal discount rate of 4.6%. The implementation of all EROs could result in a yearly electricity savings of more than 6,000 MWh or 26% of current yearly electricity consumption. More than 15 MW of billable load (total billed by the utility for a 12-month period) or more than 34% of current billed demand could also be saved. Corresponding natural gas savings would be 1,050 kcf (just over 1% of current consumption). Total yearly net energy cost savings for all options would be greater than $343,340. This value does not include any operations and maintenance (O&M) savings.

Richman, E.E.; Hoshide, R.K.; Dittmer, A.L.

1993-04-01

196

Viability Theory  

CERN Multimedia

Examines viability theory and its applications to control theory and differential games. This book emphasises the construction of feedbacks and dynamical systems by myopic optimization methods. It is suitable for graduate students and research mathematicians.

Aubin, Jean-Pierre

2009-01-01

197

The Discovery of Anti-Matter The Autobiography of Carl David Anderson, the Youngest Man to Win the Nobel Prize  

CERN Multimedia

In 1936, at age 31, Carl David Anderson became the second youngest Nobel laureate for his discovery of antimatter when he observed positrons in a cloud chamber.He is responsible for developing rocket power weapons that were used in World War II.He was born in New York City in 1905 and was educated in Los Angeles. He served for many years as a physics professor at California Institute of Technology. Prior to Oppenheimer, Anderson was offered the job of heading the Los Alamos atomic bomb program but could not assume the role because of family obligations.He was a pioneer in studying cosmic rays

1999-01-01

198

Françoise Palleau-Papin, Ceci n’est pas une tragédie. L’écriture de David Markson  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Avec Ceci n’est pas une tragédie. L’écriture de David Markson, Françoise Palleau-Papin nous offre la première monographie sur l’auteur, publiée chez ENS Éditions en 2007. Écrivain prolifique et versatile, qui a fait la preuve de sa complexité et de sa capacité à manier des genres divers, à inventer des formes nouvelles (notamment dans ses romans discontinus, qui se nourrissent d’une intertextualité compulsive), Markson méritait une étude de ce genre, ample, méticuleuse, patiente et, surtout, ...

Monica Manolescu-Oancea

2009-01-01

199

Two APS Members Awarded the 2011 ASBMB STEM SEED Grant for PhUn Week Activities- David Holtzclaw Interview  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is on pages 248-249 of the PDF file. In June 2011, the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) announced a grant opportunity for awards worth $2,000 to support the development of a K-12 Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) outreach program and/or partnership. APS members Patricia A. Halpin (Univ. of New Hampshire, Manchester) and J. David Holtzclaw (Nebraska) were selected as two of 10 outreach awardees. The article highlights Holtzclaw's framework for using his experience with the APS outreach program, Physiology Understanding Week (PhUn Week), in successfully receiving the competitive ASBMB award.

APS Education Office (American Physiological Society Education Office)

2011-12-01

200

Constructor Theory  

CERN Multimedia

Constructor theory is the theory of which physical transformations can be caused to happen and which cannot, and why. Several converging motivations for expecting it to be a fundamental branch of physics are discussed. Some principles of the theory are proposed and its potential for solving various problems and achieving various unifications is explored.

Deutsch, David

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Matrix Theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two areas of matrix theory are discussed: the theory of permanents, and the theory of nonnegative matrices. Paper (1) deals with permanental compounds and their use in recurrence formulas for permanents of (0,1)-circulants and in related asymptotic formul...

H. Minc

1987-01-01

202

David Trumbull, entre masonería y protestantismo: la conformación del frente anticlerial en Chile a fines del siglo XIX/ David Trumbull, between Freemasonry and Protestantism: the configuration of anticlerical Front in Chile in the late nineteenth century  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este artículo es caracterizar la figura del Pastor Protestante David Trumbull en la configuración del Frente anticlerical chileno de fines del siglo XIX. Se analizan los planteamientos fundamentales de Trumbull, respecto a la vinculación Política-Religión en temáticas críticas de época, como lo fueron la búsqueda de la Libertad de Culto y la participación de lo protestante en la construcción del Chile republicano. Es considerada la interrelación (more) entre Masonería y Protestantismo a través de la figura de Trumbull, como un articulador de perspectivas doctrinalmente contradictorias, pero instrumentalmente posibles de ser ensambladas por causa de un objetivo común, la implementación del ideario liberal. Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to characterize the figure of the Protestant Pastor David Trumbull in shaping the Chilean anticlerical Front late nineteenth century. It discusses the fundamental approaches Trumbull, on linking Religion in Politics-time thematic reviews as they were searching for Religious Freedom and the Protestant participation in the construction of Chile Republican. It is considered the relationship between Freemasonry and Protestantism through the figure of (more) Trumbull, as an articulator of doctrinally conflicting perspectives, but instrumentally possible to be assembled because of a common goal, the implementation of liberal ideology.

Arcos, Javier Castro

2013-01-01

203

Finite hedging in field theory models of interest rates.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We use path integrals to calculate hedge parameters and efficacy of hedging in a quantum field theory generalization of the Heath, Jarrow, and Morton [Robert Jarrow, David Heath, and Andrew Morton, Econometrica 60, 77 (1992)] term structure model, which parsimoniously describes the evolution of imperfectly correlated forward rates. We calculate, within the model specification, the effectiveness of hedging over finite periods of time, and obtain the limiting case of instantaneous hedging. We use empirical estimates for the parameters of the model to show that a low-dimensional hedge portfolio is quite effective.

Baaquie BE; Srikant M

2004-03-01

204

Finite hedging in field theory models of interest rates  

Science.gov (United States)

We use path integrals to calculate hedge parameters and efficacy of hedging in a quantum field theory generalization of the Heath, Jarrow, and Morton [Robert Jarrow, David Heath, and Andrew Morton, Econometrica 60, 77 (1992)] term structure model, which parsimoniously describes the evolution of imperfectly correlated forward rates. We calculate, within the model specification, the effectiveness of hedging over finite periods of time, and obtain the limiting case of instantaneous hedging. We use empirical estimates for the parameters of the model to show that a low-dimensional hedge portfolio is quite effective.

Baaquie, Belal E.; Srikant, Marakani

2004-03-01

205

Ring theory  

CERN Multimedia

This is an abridged edition of the author's previous two-volume work, Ring Theory, which concentrates on essential material for a general ring theory course while ommitting much of the material intended for ring theory specialists. It has been praised by reviewers:**""As a textbook for graduate students, Ring Theory joins the best....The experts will find several attractive and pleasant features in Ring Theory. The most noteworthy is the inclusion, usually in supplements and appendices, of many useful constructions which are hard to locate outside of the original sources....The audience of non

Rowen, Louis H

1991-01-01

206

Plasma theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The progress during the past year is organized by group efforts and divided into six major areas. The basic tokamak areas and the sections in which their work is summarized are: MHD theory, kinetic theory, and transport simulation. The EBT theory work has its own research projects on MHD theory, kinetic theory, and transport simulation. In the plasma engineering area, relevant research work is further developed and synthesized into models that are used in the design of advanced fusion systems--TNS, Demo, EBTR, etc. Finally, the computer support activities during the past year are summarized

1977-12-31

207

Thinking outside the Chinese Box: David Mitchell and Murakami Haruki’s subversion of stereotypes about Japan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Japan has often been portrayed by orientalist stereotypes, as famously framed by Edward Said, that were mainly constituted within Europe and North America. There are two distinct streams of orientalist discourse around Japan: traditional Orientalism and techno-Orientalism. Here the West speaks of the Other/the non-West rather than allowing it to speak for itself. In regards to the discourse of ‘Otherness’, another interesting phenomenon is Japan’s self-Orientalising: through the internalisation of the Western Orientalist discourse, Japan identifies itself and constructs its own subjectivity.In his literary works, the author David Mitchell attempts to subvert the conventional orientalist approach to describe Japan while concurrently maintaining his position as a British observer. He makes use of Western perspectives to cater to his Western readers’ preference for Japan’s traditional and cultural elements, and yet at the same time attempts to subvert stereotypes. Mitchell’s approach is reminiscent of Japanese author Murakami Haruki’s use of both ‘Japaneseness’ and ‘un-Japaneseness’ in his works. Mitchell also learnt the importance of the use of the subjective narrative voice from Murakami. In this article, I examine how David Mitchell, as a western author, attempts to go beyond orientalist stereotypes, and how his writing is influenced by Murakami Haruki.

Chikako Nihei

2009-01-01

208

Ortado?u ?le Kar??la?ma: David Greig’in Damascus Oyunu  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available David Greig, as a Scottish playwright, has made a significant contribution not only to Scottish drama but also to the Drama ofBritain in the twenty-first century. He is responsive to the key political, cultural and aesthetic concerns and movements of today’sworld in his dramatic work.This paper investigates the playwright’s experience of ‘the other’ in Damascus** (2006) – a play in which Greig explores thecomplexities of relations between the West and the Arab world. While the playwright seizes the mystery of ‘the other’ in theworld’s oldest inhabited city, Damascus becomes a mythical place rooted in a contemporary reality. Despite the fact that the playis mostly a comedy of cultural confusion, it explores relationships between illusion and truth, fiction and fact. Through itsWestern and Arabic characters, the play analyzes preconceptions and stereotypes that Western and Mid-Eastern people have foreach other. In that sense, the play, for the most part, proposes a challenge to customary Western perceptions of the Mid-Easterners and vice-versa as its protagonist faces a large cultural divide.In the history of literary production ‘East’ has always been an attractive topic to explore for ‘Western’ authors. Westernwriters have mainly produced texts about the Middle East based on their travel accounts. However, in his seminal book, TheCrescent and the Rose: Islam and England during the Renaissance, Samuel Chew professes that there are two groups of travel-writers:‘arm-chair travelers who saw the East in their mind’s eye, and those who actually visited the lands and spoke from personalexperience’. (Chew, 1974). Indeed, Greig has written Damascus from first-hand experience, and not from prejudice or fantasy. Heexplains in a note on the text that Damascus is an unexpected result of theater workshops he has been leading in the Middle East in2000. He notes that the play is his exploration of the complexities of relations between the West and the Arab worlds. The playenvisions contradictory opinions on characterizing Western and Middle Eastern values. In Damascus Greig explores relationsbetween the self and ‘the other’, illustrates the complexities of cultural differences, subverts clichés and challengesmisconceptions. Through the main character, Greig not only objectifies and instrumentalizes Middle Eastern characters and issuesbut also projects definitions related to ‘self’. In a multicultural setting where East and West meet, the characters and the audiencesperceive each other’s similarities and differences in a global/transnational context Greig as a practicing artist in Damascus attempts to give voice to a Middle Eastern community in the Bakhtinian sense in thatit proposes a decentralized polyphony of the Middle Eastern world as opposed to centralized monological discourses. Indeed, atthe play’s end, the main character’s presumptions about the Middle East change. Although the play with its volatile and restlessMiddle Eastern setting has political references to freedom of speech, defining ‘the other’ and transnational relationships, itexplores the human condition in essence with the poet’s care and vigour.Greig clarifies that while the play is mostly ‘a comedy of cultural confusion’, it actually explores relationships between‘language and culture’ (Jackson, 2009). Following his trips to the Middle East, the playwright feels an urge to write the play. Hebelieves that most British playwrights do not experience the Middle East so there is a lack of plays that are set in that part of theworld. He has experienced that there is not a great tradition of playwriting in the Middle East, therefore there are not enoughplays available to be staged in Britain. Although the play is specifically entitled Damascus, the story could be set anywhere becausethe play is in fact a story of individuals, the choices they make, and how they treat one another. Indeed, the Westerners need tounderstand the relationships between individuals in order to grasp the complexity of Mid

Dilek ?NAN

2011-01-01

209

Viability Theory  

CERN Multimedia

Viability theory designs and develops mathematical and algorithmic methods for investigating the adaptation to viability constraints of evolutions governed by complex systems under uncertainty that are found in many domains involving living beings, from biological evolution to economics, from environmental sciences to financial markets, from control theory and robotics to cognitive sciences. It involves interdisciplinary investigations spanning fields that have traditionally developed in isolation. The purpose of this book is to present an initiation to applications of viability theory, explai

Aubin, Jean-Pierre; Saint-Pierre, Patrick

2011-01-01

210

Graph Theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Graph theory is a branch of discrete combinatorial mathematics that studies the properties of graphs. The theory was pioneered by the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler in the 18th century, commenced its formal development during the second half of the 19th century, and has witnessed substantial growth during the last seventy years, with applications in areas as diverse as engineering, computer science, physics, sociology, chemistry and biology. Graph theory has also had a strong impact in computational linguistics by providing the foundations for the theory of features structures that has emerged as one of the most widely used frameworks for the representation of grammar formalisms.

Sanfilippo, Antonio P.

2005-12-27

211

Galois Theory  

CERN Multimedia

Praise for the First Edition ". . .will certainly fascinate anyone interested in abstract algebra: a remarkable book!"—Monatshefte fur Mathematik Galois theory is one of the most established topics in mathematics, with historical roots that led to the development of many central concepts in modern algebra, including groups and fields. Covering classic applications of the theory, such as solvability by radicals, geometric constructions, and finite fields, Galois Theory, Second Edition delves into novel topics like Abel’s theory of Abelian equations, casus irreducibili, and the Galo

Cox, David A

2012-01-01

212

Cadrage, décadrage et recadrage dans Baa Baa Black Sheep : A Jungle Tale de David Malouf et Michael Berkeley Patrimonial Deconstruction and Reconstruction in David Malouf and Michael Berkeley’s Baa Baa Black Sheep : A Jungle Tale  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article discusses Michael Berkeley’s first opera, Baa Baa Black Sheep: A Jungle Tale. Premiered under the baton of Paul Daniel on July 3rd 1993 at the Cheltenham International Festival of Music, this opera is based on two texts by Rudyard Kipling: The Jungle Books (1894-1895) and “Baa, Baa, Black Sheep” from the short story collection Wee Willie Winkie and Other Stories, first published in 1888. The libretto was penned by the Australian poet, novelist, playwright and librettist, David Malouf. After a brief survey of some of the earliest transpositions of The Jungle Books, I analyse the way David Malouf deals with both texts. “Baa Baa Black Sheep” is used as the central element of his libretto, and episodes and characters from The Jungle Books are incorporated to draw parallelism between the main topics of the two texts. Both Malouf’s endeavour and Berkeley’s, through the music, aims at deconstructing the preposterous oldest transpositions of The Jungle Books and at focusing on the key elements of Kipling’s famous book, notably identity and hybridism, two important themes of colonial and postcolonial literature. The aim of David Malouf and Michael Berkeley is to address an adult audience and show that The Jungle Books are not only aimed at children as Disney’s or Baden Powell’s appropriations of the work could wrongly make us believe.Cet article porte sur Baa Baa Black Sheep: A Jungle Tale, le premier opéra de Michael Berkeley. Créé au Everyman Theatre de Cheltenham le 3 juillet 1993 sous la direction de Paul Daniel, cette œuvre est le fruit de la collaboration entre le compositeur britannique et l’écrivain australien David Malouf. Le livret de Malouf se fonde sur deux récits de Rudyard Kipling : la nouvelle autobiographique “Baa, Baa, Black Sheep” auquel l’opéra doit son nom et The Jungle Books. Après m’être intéressé aux premières transpositions musicales de The Jungle books, je montre comment Malouf utilise la nouvelle pour encadrer –au sens littéral du terme – des éléments extraits de The Jungle Books. Le but de Berkeley et de Malouf est de déconstruire les adaptations et réécritures du célèbre ouvrage de l’écrivain anglais qui ont précédé leur opéra en ancrant leur propre réécriture autour de l’identité et de l’hybridité, deux thèmes centraux dans le livre de Kipling ainsi que dans la littérature coloniale et postcoloniale. Contrairement aux reprises ou réappropriations de l’histoire par Disney et Baden Powell, qui pourraient nous faire penser, à tort, que l’ouvrage ne s’adresse qu’aux enfants, l’opéra de Malouf et de Berkeley vise donc avant tout un public d’adultes.

Jean-Philippe Héberlé

2011-01-01

213

Colonial Empires of the East and the Eest: Images of the Other, from Tacito to David Malouf, from Salman Rushdie to Michael Ondaatje Imperi coloniali da Oriente a Occidente: immagini dell’Altro da Tacito a David Malouf, da Salman Rushdie a Michael Ondaatje  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many centuries before Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness (1902) and Rudyard Kipling’s Kim (1901) were published, the East and West were still divided, as in Tacito’s De Germania, by a limes also visible in David Malouf’s An Imaginary Life (1978), in which the poet Ovid exiled at Tomi, is friends with the savage Child, of animal nature in a human body, similar to the metamorphic migrants of Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses (1988), which hides the magnificent and ancient East of Mah?bh?rata and R?m?yana in many Western identities, lost in diabolic European cities. This chaotic antithesis in Michael Ondaatje’s pages lets Sri Lanka’s childish ghosts float amidst stories of peregrination and in search of a Promised Land. In the Skin of a Lion (1987) includes an epigraph from the ancient poem of Gilgamesh, an Eastern echo in a novel profoundly important for many Western studies that often focus on the theory of the canon or on postmodern literature. These categories are discussed with the prospect of broadening cultural and post-colonial studies, in order to merge theory of genres and thematic criticism with anthropology, mythology, and ethnology. Multiple citations expand the original object of research, adding the colonial prophecy present in North American myths, as demonstrated by Margaret Atwood, Margaret Laurence or Lévi-Strauss. Incessantly moving from one space to another, authors give voice to the native cry from multiple perspectives, narrating – like all colonial empires founded on human cruelty– the beast’s nature that has shown its worst aspect.Molti secoli prima che Joseph Conrad pubblicasse Heart of Darkness (1902) e Rudyard Kipling Kim (1901), Oriente e Occidente erano già divisi nel De Germania di Tacito, da un limes netto anche in An Imaginary Life (1978) di David Malouf, dove Ovidio, poeta esule a Tomi, è amico del selvaggio Child, natura animale in corpo umano, simile ai metamorfici migranti di Salman Rushdie,che in The Satanic Verses (1988) cela il maestoso Oriente antico del Mah?bh?rata e R?m?yana in molte identità occidentali, smarrite nelle diaboliche città europee. Questa caotica antitesi lascia fluttuare, nelle pagine di Michael Ondaatje, i fantasmi infantili dello Sri Lanka in racconti di peregrinazione e ricerca di una Terra Promessa.In the Skin of a Lion (1987) cita in epigrafe l’antico poema di Gilgamesh, eco orientale in un romanzo d’importanza basilare per molti studi occidentali, spesso incentrati sulla teoria del canone o sulla letteratura postmoderna. Tali diffuse categorie sono qui messe in discussione, in una prospettiva che estende i Cultural e i Postcolonial Studies, per fondere la teoria dei generi e la critica tematica con l’antropologia, la mitologia e l’etnologia.Molteplici citazioni ampliano l’iniziale oggetto della ricerca, inserendo anche la profezia coloniale nei miti nordamericani, come già avevano indicato Margaret Atwood, Margaret Laurence o Lévi-Strauss. Oscillando continuamente fra spazi diversi, gli autori danno voce al grido nativo da molteplici prospettive, narrando come tuttigli imperi coloniali siano fondati sulla crudeltà umana, sulla natura della bestia che ha mostrato il suo volto peggiore.

Elvira Gòdono

2011-01-01

214

La investigación de la violencia en los procesos intersubjetivos con el algoritmo David Liberman (ADL): Muestras, estrategias de investigación, instrumentos, procedimientos/ The research of violence in the intersubjective processes with the David Liberman algorithm (DLA): Sample, research strategies, instruments, procedures  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En el contexto de los problemas de las relaciones de poder y la intersubjetividad, nos pareció pertinente exponer un estudio acerca de la violencia. En él pretendemos reunir siete investigaciones clínicas en que se aplicó el algoritmo David Liberman (ADL) al análisis de muestras de diferente tipo de sujetos que protagonizaron, de alguna manera, escenas violentas. No solo las muestras sino también los procedimientos, las estrategias de análisis y los instrumentos er (more) an disímiles, de modo que se hizo necesario un trabajo crítico para compatibilizar sus resultados en el intento de estudiar la violencia desde la perspectiva de la intersubjetividad. En primer lugar expondremos las definiciones y el método, y luego las investigaciones concretas, con un comentario referido a cada muestra, las estrategias, los instrumentos específicos del ADL y los procedimientos implementados. Por fin, presentaremos una síntesis que pretende articular los diferentes hallazgos parciales. Abstract in english In the context of the problems of power relationships and intersubjectivity, we found it appropriate to expose a study about violence. In this study we expect to gather seven clinical researches in which the David Liberman algorithm (DLA) was applied to the analysis of samples belonging to different types of subjects that were involved, in some way, in violent scenes. Not only the samples but also the procedures, the strategies of analysis and the instruments were differe (more) nt, so it became necessary to carry out a critical work to make compatible their results, in the intention of studying violence from the perspective of intersubjectivity. First we will expose the definitions and the method, and then the concrete investigations, with a comment referred to each sample, the strategies, the specific instruments of the DLA and the procedures implemented. Finally, we will present a synthesis that expects to articulate the different partial findings.

Maldavsky, David

2010-06-01

215

Perturbation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

After noting some advantages of using perturbation theory some of the various types are related on a chart and described, including many-body nonlinear summations, quartic force-field fit for geometry, fourth-order correlation approximations, and a survey of some recent work. Alternative initial approximations in perturbation theory are also discussed. 25 references.

1978-08-16

216

Galois Theory  

CERN Document Server

Galois theory is a mature mathematical subject of particular beauty. While Artin's book pioneered an approach to Galois theory that relies heavily on linear algebra, this book's author takes the linear algebra emphasis even further. With a chapter on transcendental extensions, it is suitable for undergraduate and beginning graduate math majors.

Weintraub, Steven H

2008-01-01

217

Game theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Game Theory describes human interaction involving conflict, cooperation and competition, the term Interpersonal Decision Theory is synonymous. The term reflects the fact that most essential features of this field are manifested in parlor games. This topic-level treatment covers large parts of the ba...

Rosenmüller, Joachim; Trockel, Walter

218

Shielding Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper determines relations for shieldingeffectiveness relative to several variables, includingmetal type, metal properties, thickness, distance,frequency, etc. It starts by presenting some relationshipsregarding magnetic, electric and electromagnetic fieldsas a pertinent background to understanding and applyingfield theory. Since literature about electromagneticcompatibility is replete with discussions about Maxwellequations and field theory only a few aspects arepresented.

Ion N.Chiuta; Roncea Marius-Andrei

2009-01-01

219

Quantum Theory  

CERN Multimedia

The study of quantum theory allowed twentieth-century scientists to examine the world in a new way, one that was filled with uncertainties and probabilities. Further study also led to the development of lasers, the atomic bomb, and the computer. This exciting new book clearly explains quantum theory and its everyday uses in our world.

Manning, Phillip

2011-01-01

220

Last Words: David's Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Graces (1824). Subjectivity, Death, and Postrevolutionary Late Style  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Completed as he was approaching death in 1825, Jacques-Louis David's final refractory history painting is an intricate summation of a life in politics and painting. The article attempts to re-interpret the canvas in relation to the dual problem of 'late style' and the condition of exile. I argue that this history painting invokes the metaphor of non-sex for the condition of exile; and as a late gesture stages an anomalous return to a pre-lapsarian eighteenth century. The painting, I conclude, reveals less the transcendent subjectivity of an artist approaching biological death, than the critical disarming of a once-radical neoclassical aesthetic itself, in its tragic late phase.

Padiyar, Satish

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Aproximación a las ideas básicas de LA MORAL POR ACUERDO De David Gauthier desde una perspectiva crítica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La contribución de David Gauthier a la filosofía moral es poco conocida en nuestro país, a pesar de ser uno de los más novedosos y originales aportes que en materia de ética se han desarrollado en las últimas décadas en el ámbito norteamericano. El uso de la Teoría de la elección racional y de la teoría de los juegos hace que sus tesis morales contractualistas resulten muy interesantes a la luz del neocontractualismo. Algunos comentaristas han sostenido que desde la Teoría de la justicia de John Rawls el contractualismo no volaba tan alto. En este trabajo se presenta de forma muy sintética la tesis de Gauthier, a la vez que se cuestiona la validez de su proyecto a la luz de sus posibilidades de aplicación práctica

Rusbel Martínez Rodríguez

2005-01-01

222

Review: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Hrsg.) (2004). Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards Review: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Eds.) (2004). Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards Reseña: Henry E. Brady & David Collier (Eds.) (2004). Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Das Buch Rethinking Social Inquiry, herausgegeben von Henry E. BRADY und David COLLIER, ist eine Antwort auf den Band von KING, KEOHANE und VERBA (1994), in dem versucht wird, Standards der quantitativen Forschung in der qualitativen Forschung einzuführen. Die Autoren des hier rezensierten Buchs kritisieren viele der Vorschläge, da sie argumentieren, dass qualitative Forschung anderer Werkzeuge bedürfe. Trotzdem stimmen sie zu, dass die Grundlagen des Forschungsaufbaus ähnlich sind. Das Buch beinhaltet eine umfassende Kritik der Hauptströmung quantitativer Methoden, es beschreibt einen Satz qualitativer Werkzeuge für die Forschung zu Themen wie Forschungsaufbau und -fragestellung, Fallauswahl, Analyse und Theoriebildung. Es behandelt die Frage, wie qualitative und quantitative Ansätze so miteinander verknüpft werden können, dass die analytische "Hebelwirkung" am größten wird – nämlich durch die Definition gemeinsamer Standards. Diese würden es vereinfachen, qualitative und quantitative Werkzeuge in ein und derselben Forschungsarbeit zu verbinden, etwa durch Triangulation, also die Analyse von Daten mit z.B. zwei unterschiedlichen Methoden oder durch Mehrebenen-Analyse. Das Buch ist ein exzellenter Beitrag zur methodologischen Debatte in den Sozialwissenschaften. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602309The book Rethinking Social Inquiry, edited by Henry E. BRADY and David COLLIER, is a response to a book by KING, KEOHANE and VERBA (1994) that aimed to introduce quantitative standards to qualitative research. The authors of the book reviewed here criticize many of the suggestions made there because they argue that qualitative research requires other tools. Nevertheless, they agree that the foundations of research design are similar. The book comprises a comprehensive critique of mainstream quantitative techniques, describes a set of qualitative tools for research, and addresses issues of how to combine qualitative and quantitative approaches to maximize analytical leverage. It is an excellent contribution to the methodological debate in the social sciences. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602309El libro Rethinking Social Inquiry, editado por Henry E. BRADY y David COLLIER, es una respuesta al libro de KING, KEOHANE y VERBA (1994) que pretendió introducir estándares cuantitativos a la investigación cualitativa. Los autores del libro ahora reseñado critican muchas de las sugerencias hechas allí pues argumentan que la investigación cualitativa requiere otras herramientas. A pesar de ello, los autores están de acuerdo que los fundamentos de la investigación son similares. El libro consta de una crítica comprensiva de las principales técnicas cuantitativas, describe un conjunto de herramientas cualitativas de investigación y aborda temas sobre cómo combinar enfoques cuantitativos y cualitativos para maximizar el poder analítico. Es una excelente contribución al debate metodológico en las ciencias sociales. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0602309

Matthias Catón

2006-01-01

223

Militancia política y labor artística de David Alfaro Siqueiros: de Olvera Street a Río de la Plata  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El texto aborda una de las etapas más importantes en la vida del pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros, la que transcurrió mientras estuvo exiliado en las ciudades de Los Ángeles, Montevideo y Buenos Aires durante 1932 y 1934 en Nueva York en 1936 y por último a raíz de su participación en el atentado en contra de León Trotsky en 1940, en la ciudad chilena de Chillán, de 1941 a 1943. La autora propone que este periodo no sólo selló de manera permanente la relación entre la carrera artística de Siqueiros y su actividad política, sino que les dio, en sus contenidos e impacto, un amplio carácter internacional y transcultural. Analiza los antecedentes de la labor artístico-política de Siqueiros y su repercusión en la fundación de bloques de militantes del Partido Comunista provenientes del ámbito artístico.The text examines one of the most important stages in the life of painter David Alfaro Siqueiros, which took place while he was exiled in Los Ángeles, Montevideo and Buenos Aires in 1932 and 1934 in New York in 1936 and finally, as a result of his role in the attempt on Leon Trotsky's life in 1940 in the Chilean city of Chillán from 1941 to 1943. The author suggests that this period not only permanently sealed the link between Siqueiros' artistic career and his political activity, but also lent them a profoundly international, transcultural connotation as regards their contents and impact. The author analyzes the antecedents of Siqueiros' artistic and political work and its repercussion on the founding of blocs of Communist Party militants drawn from artistic circles.

Alicia Azuela de la Cueva

2008-01-01

224

Militancia política y labor artística de David Alfaro Siqueiros: de Olvera Street a Río de la Plata  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El texto aborda una de las etapas más importantes en la vida del pintor David Alfaro Siqueiros, la que transcurrió mientras estuvo exiliado en las ciudades de Los Ángeles, Montevideo y Buenos Aires durante 1932 y 1934 en Nueva York en 1936 y por último a raíz de su participación en el atentado en contra de León Trotsky en 1940, en la ciudad chilena de Chillán, de 1941 a 1943. La autora propone que este periodo no sólo selló de manera permanente la relación entr (more) e la carrera artística de Siqueiros y su actividad política, sino que les dio, en sus contenidos e impacto, un amplio carácter internacional y transcultural. Analiza los antecedentes de la labor artístico-política de Siqueiros y su repercusión en la fundación de bloques de militantes del Partido Comunista provenientes del ámbito artístico. Abstract in english The text examines one of the most important stages in the life of painter David Alfaro Siqueiros, which took place while he was exiled in Los Ángeles, Montevideo and Buenos Aires in 1932 and 1934 in New York in 1936 and finally, as a result of his role in the attempt on Leon Trotsky's life in 1940 in the Chilean city of Chillán from 1941 to 1943. The author suggests that this period not only permanently sealed the link between Siqueiros' artistic career and his politica (more) l activity, but also lent them a profoundly international, transcultural connotation as regards their contents and impact. The author analyzes the antecedents of Siqueiros' artistic and political work and its repercussion on the founding of blocs of Communist Party militants drawn from artistic circles.

Azuela de la Cueva, Alicia

2008-06-01

225

Einstein's Theory Fights off Challengers  

Science.gov (United States)

Two new and independent studies have put Einstein's General Theory of Relativity to the test like never before. These results, made using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, show Einstein's theory is still the best game in town. Each team of scientists took advantage of extensive Chandra observations of galaxy clusters, the largest objects in the Universe bound together by gravity. One result undercuts a rival gravity model to General Relativity, while the other shows that Einstein's theory works over a vast range of times and distances across the cosmos. The first finding significantly weakens a competitor to General Relativity known as "f(R) gravity". "If General Relativity were the heavyweight boxing champion, this other theory was hoping to be the upstart contender," said Fabian Schmidt of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, who led the study. "Our work shows that the chances of its upsetting the champ are very slim." In recent years, physicists have turned their attention to competing theories to General Relativity as a possible explanation for the accelerated expansion of the universe. Currently, the most popular explanation for the acceleration is the so-called cosmological constant, which can be understood as energy that exists in empty space. This energy is referred to as dark energy to emphasize that it cannot be directly detected. In the f(R) theory, the cosmic acceleration comes not from an exotic form of energy but from a modification of the gravitational force. The modified force also affects the rate at which small enhancements of matter can grow over the eons to become massive clusters of galaxies, opening up the possibility of a sensitive test of the theory. Schmidt and colleagues used mass estimates of 49 galaxy clusters in the local universe from Chandra observations, and compared them with theoretical model predictions and studies of supernovas, the cosmic microwave background, and the large-scale distribution of galaxies. They found no evidence that gravity is different from General Relativity on scales larger than 130 million light years. This limit corresponds to a hundred-fold improvement on the bounds of the modified gravitational force's range that can be set without using the cluster data. "This is the strongest ever constraint set on an alternative to General Relativity on such large distance scales," said Schmidt. "Our results show that we can probe gravity stringently on cosmological scales by using observations of galaxy clusters." The reason for this dramatic improvement in constraints can be traced to the greatly enhanced gravitational forces acting in clusters as opposed to the universal background expansion of the universe. The cluster-growth technique also promises to be a good probe of other modified gravity scenarios, such as models motivated by higher-dimensional theories and string theory. A second, independent study also bolsters General Relativity by directly testing it across cosmological distances and times. Up until now, General Relativity had been verified only using experiments from laboratory to Solar System scales, leaving the door open to the possibility that General Relativity breaks down on much larger scales. To probe this question, a group at Stanford University compared Chandra observations of how rapidly galaxy clusters have grown over time to the predictions of General Relativity. The result is nearly complete agreement between observation and theory. "Einstein's theory succeeds again, this time in calculating how many massive clusters have formed under gravity's pull over the last five billion years," said David Rapetti of the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (KIPAC) at Stanford University and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, who led the new study. "Excitingly and reassuringly, our results are the most robust consistency test of General Relativity yet carried out on cosmological scales." Rapetti and his colleagues based their results on a sample of 238 c

2010-04-01

226

"In or Out?" - a Critical Discourse Analysis of David Cameron's speech on January 23, 2013 about Great Britain and the European Union  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this project we have been working with Critical Discourse Analysis tools as described by Lesley Jeffries in her book Critical Stylistics - The Power of English. We have been using the CDA-tools to do a Critical Discourse Analysis on chosen excerpts from the British Prime Minister David Cameron's ...

Jensen, Torben Riis; Kjøller, Marianne Vibe

227

On the Influence of Rabbi ‘Haim Joseph David Azulai (‘Hida)’s Shem Ha-Guedolim on the Hebraic Bio-bibliography  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Before entering into the subject of the history of this book and its offspring, the author, the ‘Hida, must be presented briefly. Moritz Steinschneider says of him: “’Haim Joseph David Azulai of Jerusalem (1724-1806) wrote a book about the biographies of the sages of Israel and their works. The cont...

Yohanan Lederman

228

Reviewsin brief: Media, modernity and technology: the geography of the new. By David Morley. New York: Routledge. 2007. x + 346 pp. £18.99 paper. ISBN 0415333423  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

400Reviewsin briefMedia,modernity and technology: the geography of the new. By David Morley. NewYork: Routledge. 2007. x + 346 pp. £18.99 paper. ISBN 0415333423SAGE Publications, Inc.2008DOI: 10.1177/14744740080150030707BrettChristophersSchool of Geography and Environmental Science Universityof Auck...

Christophers, Brett

229

Rooside sõda Leigo all! Valu vaenlastele! / Tõnu Lensment, Andres Keil ; interv. Merit Kask  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

2. aug. esietendub Leigo Järveteatris Andres Keili "Rooside sõda". Näidendile on ainest andnud William Shakespeare'i näidendid "Henry VI" ja "Richard III" ning Tom Lanoye ja Luc Percevali näidend "Sõda". Lavastab Tõnu Lensment

Lensment, Tõnu, 1974-

2007-01-01

230

Kinkaleri : teater peab tekitama küsimuse, mitte andma vastuse / Marco Mazzoni ; interv. Andres Keil  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

1995. a. Itaalias asutatud kuuest kunstnikust - Matteo Bambi, Luca Camilletti, Massimo Conti, Marco Mazzoni, Gina Monaco ja Cristina Rizzo - koosnevast eksperimentaalteatrist Kinkaleri ja Kanuti Gildi saalis 7. ja 8. nov. esiettekandele tulevast lavastusest "Yes, Sir!"

Mazzoni, Marco

2008-01-01

231

Agency Theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex ante (“hidden characteristics”) as well as ex post information asymmetry (“hidden action”), and examines conditions under which various kinds of incentive instruments and monitoring arrangements can be deployed to minimize the welfare loss. Its clear predictions and broad applicability have allowed agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism.

Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul

2013-01-01

232

Plasma theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A series of lectures on plasma theory with the main headings: introduction; charged particles moving in em fields; the liquid model; transport phenomena in the plasma; wave propagation in plasmas; plasma instabilities. 57 figs. (qui)

1988-01-01

233

(Nuclear theory)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report discusses concepts in nuclear theory such as: neutrino nucleosynthesis; double beta decay; neutrino oscillations; chiral symmetry breaking; T invariance; quark propagator; cold fusion; and other related topics. (LSP)

1989-06-01

234

Field theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Preliminaries are given on groups and rings, and subsequent discussion focuses on some important topics on fields, such as algebraic and transcendental extensions, valuations, ordered fields, and Galois theory of algebraic extensions

1977-01-01

235

Bolometer theory.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The theory of a thin bolometer strip is developed. It explains observation of enhanced response to spot illumination near the trip terminals, and predicts enhanced thermal fluctuation at the same point for uniform chopped illumination.

Strong J; Lawrence PW Jr

1968-01-01

236

Concept theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

  Concept theory is an extremely broad, interdisciplinary and complex field of research related to many deep fields with very long historical traditions without much consensus. However, information science and knowledge organization cannot avoid relating to theories of concepts. Knowledge organizing systems (e.g. classification systems, thesauri and ontologies) should be understood as systems basically organizing concepts and their semantic relations. The same is the case with information retrieval systems. Different theories of concepts have different implications for how to construe, evaluate and use such systems. Based on "a post-Kuhnian view" of paradigms this paper put forward arguments that the best understanding and classification of theories of concepts is to view and classify them in accordance with epistemological theories (empiricism, rationalism, historicism and pragmatism). It is also argued that the historicist and pragmatist understandings of concepts are the most fruitful views and that this understanding may be part of a broader paradigm shift that is also beginning to take place in information science.  The importance of historicist and pragmatic theories of concepts for information science is outlined.

HjØrland, Birger

2009-01-01

237

Scattering theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book emerged out of graduate lectures given by the author at the University of Kiev and is intended as a graduate text. The fundamentals of non-relativistic quantum scattering theory are covered, including some topics, such as the phase-function formalism, separable potentials, and inverse scattering, which are not always coverded in textbooks on scattering theory. Criticisms of the text are minor, but the reviewer feels an inadequate index is provided and the citing of references in the Russian language is a hindrance in a graduate text.

Sitenko, A.

1991-01-01

238

Shell theory  

CERN Multimedia

This account of the theory of plates and shells is written primarily as a textbook for graduate students in mechanical and civil engineering.The unified treatment of shells of arbitrary shape is accomplished by tensor analysis. This useful tool is introduced in the first chapter, and no knowledge of advanced mathematical methods is required. The general theory developed in the first eight chapters is applied in the remaining part to thin elastic plates and shells with special emphasis on engineering methods and engineering applications. A number of detailed examples illustrate the theo

Niordson, FI

1985-01-01

239

S theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The representation theory of the maximally extended superalgebra with 32 fermionic and 528 bosonic generators is developed in order to investigate nonperturbative properties of the democratic secret theory behind strings and other p-branes. The presence of Lorentz nonsinglet central extensions is emphasized, their role for understanding up to 13 hidden dimensions and their physical interpretation as boundaries of p-branes are elucidated. The criteria for a new larger set of BPS-like nonperturbative states is given and the methods of investigation are illustrated with several explicit examples. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Bars, I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0484 (United States)

1997-02-01

240

David Adler Lectureship Award in the Field of Materials Physics Lecture  

Science.gov (United States)

We first review the current state-of-the-art in the field of organic electronics and then focus on organic solar cells, which we define as solid-state cells in which the semiconducting materials between the electrodes are organic, be them polymers, oligomers, or small molecules. We describe the optical and electronic processes that take place in such cells and turn our attention briefly to: (i) optical absorption and exciton formation; (ii) exciton migration to the electron donor -- electron acceptor interface; (iii) exciton dissociation into charge carriers, resulting in the appearance of holes in the donor component and electrons in the acceptor component; (iv) charge carrier mobility; and (v) charge collection at the electrodes [1-3]. In the second part of the presentation, we underline the complexity of the processes taking place at the nanoscale at the donor/acceptor interfaces and highlight the molecular understanding that comes from a computational approach combining electronic-structure theory calculations, molecular mechanics / molecular dynamics simulations, and Monte Carlo simulations [4-6].[4pt] References:[0pt] [1] B. Kippelen and J.L. Bredas , Energy & Environmental Science 2, 251 (2009).[0pt] [2] J.L. Bredas, J. Norton, J. Cornil, and V. Coropceanu, Accounts of Chemical Research 42, 1691 (2009).[0pt] [3] Y. Zhou et al., Science 336, 327 (2012).[0pt] [4] N.C. Miller et al., Advanced Materials, 2012 (DOI: 10.1002/adma.201202293).[0pt] [5] N.C. Miller et al., Advanced Energy Materials, 2012 (DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200392).[0pt] [6] Y.T. Fu, C. Risko, and J.L. Bredas, Advanced Materials, 2012 (DOI: 10.1002/adma.2012 03412).

Bredas, Jean-Luc

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
241

Combinatorial Theory  

CERN Document Server

Includes proof of van der Waerden's 1926 conjecture on permanents, Wilson's theorem on asymptotic existence, and other developments in combinatorics since 1967. Also covers coding theory and its important connection with designs, problems of enumeration, and partition. Presents fundamentals in addition to latest advances, with illustrative problems at the end of each chapter. Enlarged appendixes include a longer list of block designs.

Hall, Marshall

2011-01-01

242

David Kirkaldy (1820-1897) and his museum of destruction: the visual dilemmas of an engineer as man of science.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper examines codes of representation in nineteenth century engineering in Britain in relation to broader visual culture. While engineering was promoted as a rational public enterprise through techniques of spectacular display, engineers who aimed to be taken seriously in the intellectual hierarchies of science had to negotiate suitable techniques for making and using images. These difficulties can be examined in the visual practices that mark the career of engineer David Kirkaldy. Beginning as a bravura naval draughtsman, Kirkaldy later negotiated his status as a serious experimenter in material testing science, changing his style of representation that at first sight seems to be in line with the 'objective' strategy in science of getting nature to represent herself. And although Kirkaldy maintained a range of visual styles to communicate with different audiences, making rhetorical use of several technologies of inscription, from hand drawing to photography, nevertheless, his work does in fact demonstrate new uses of the concept of objectivity in representation when up against the practices of engineering. While these might seem merely pragmatic in comparison to the ethical weight given to the discourse of objective representation in science, in the messy world of collapsing bridges and law suits, virtuous engineers had to develop various forms of visual knowledge as practical science. This was not 'applied science' but a differentiated form of enquiry whose complexities hold as much interest as the better known visual cultures of late nineteenth century science or art.

Robertson F

2013-09-01

243

Sex-Age Related Rumination Behavior of Pere David's Deer under Constraints of Feeding Habitat and Rainfall.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Extensive studies have been conducted on the rumination behavior of domestic herbivores. However, studies on wild animals are limited, particularly wild animals with specific ruminating parameters. In this study, Père David's deer, a previously extirpated species, was observed to analyze the effects of sex-age, feeding habitat, and rainfall on rumination behavior in the Dafeng Nature Reserve, China. Rumination behavior was investigated based on four parameters: proportion of bedding time spent chewing, bolus processing time (s/bolus), chewing frequency (chews/bolus), and chewing rate (chews/s). Results showed that all three factors affect rumination behavior. The extent of their effects varied based on the four rumination parameters. Chewing rate and frequency decreased based on sex-age levels, i.e., from fawns to juvenile female, juvenile male, adult female, stag, and harem holder. Therefore, body size played a major role in shaping rumination behavior. Deer found in grasslands could chew faster compared with deer found in woodlands. This result might be caused by the effects of dietary composition and sunlight intensity. A deer spends a longer time ruminating while bedding during rainy days compared with rainless days to maximize energy and nutrition intake and compensate for the loss of feeding time during rainy days. Therefore, rumination behavior is plastic and is shaped by intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

Li Z

2013-01-01

244

Interim Letter Report - Verification Survey of 19 Grids in the Lester Flat Area, David Witherspoon Inc. 1630 Site Knoxville, Tennessee  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Perform verification surveys of 19 available grids located in the Lester Flat Area at the Davod Witherspoon Site. The survey grids included E11, E12, E13, F11, F12, F13, F14, F15, G15, G16, G17, H16, H17, H18, X16, X17, X18, K16, and J16. The David Witherspoon Inc. (DWI) Site, located at 1630 Maryville Pike in Knoxville, Tennessee, received, processed, stored, and shipped scrap metal that was contaminated with radiological and chemical substances. The DWI site received a variety of wastes for disposal from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Operation sites as early as the 1970's. Past monitoring at the site indicated that improper handling of the waste had resulted in the contamination at 1630 DWI. Characterization surveys and analyses identified numerous radiological and chemical contaminants, including uranium, thorium, heavy metals, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), asbestos, and organic compounds. The contaminants have been noted in various media on the site, including debris, soil, sediment, groundwater, and surface water. There were no buildings located in the subject areas during site operations. The DOE's decommissioning contractor, Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC. (BJC), has performed characterization surveys, subsequent remediation, and final status surveys within the subject area. The areas are awaiting backfilling pending results from the Independent Verification (IV) survey.

2008-01-01

245

Tratamento cirúrgico da insuficiência aórtica nos aneurismas e dissecções da aorta ascendente pela técnica de Tirone David  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Aneurismas da aorta ascendente (AAA) e dissecções agudas da aorta (DAA) são defeitos que cursam com insuficiência valvar aórtica (IAo) na maioria dos pacientes, geralmente causada por vários mecanismos. Em 30% a 50% dos casos, os folhetos aórticos são morfologicamente normais, possibilitando a reconstrução através do reimplante da valva e das artérias coronárias em um tubo corrugado de Dacron e pericárdio bovino. Descrita por Tirone David, esta técnica evit (more) a a prótese valvular e, provavelmente, nos casos de AAA, corrige definitivamente os mecanismos envolvidos. No período de novembro de 1994 a dezembro de 1995 operamos 11 pacientes, que foram assim divididos: Grupo I: DAA, 5 pacientes, todos com o Tipo 1 de DeBakey, sendo 4 agudos e 1 crônico; Grupo II: AAA, 6 pacientes, a maioria com idade acima de 50 anos. No Grupo I empregamos hipotermia profunda, parada circulatória total e perfusão cerebral retrógrada. No Grupo II usamos hipotermia moderada a 28oC. Em ambos a proteção miocárdica foi realizada através de infusão anterógrada intermitente e isotérmica de solução cardioplégica sangüínea associada a solução salina gelada no pericárdio. Dois (18,2%) pacientes faleceram na fase hospitalar e 1 (9%) tardiamente, todos do Grupo I, e 8 vêm sendo acompanhados, com tempo máximo de 13 meses de seguimento. Todos os pacientes sobreviventes (9/11) foram submetidos a estudo ecocardiográfico antes da alta e nenhum apresentou disfunção valvar aórtica. Em dezembro de 1995, todos que sobreviviam (8/11) foram reavaliados por ecocardiografia e os resultados são mostrados neste trabalho. Concluímos que o reimplante da valva aórtica descrito por David é um método efetivo de tratamento da IAo associada aos AAA e DAA. Mesmo sendo pequeno o número de pacientes e o seguimento desta série, acreditamos que a tentativa de evitar o implante de próteses valvulares é encorajadora para ambos, cirurgião e paciente, em um seleto número de casos. Abstract in english Aneurysms of the root and ascending aorta (AAA) and acute aortic dissections (AAD) are usually associated with valvular aortic insufficiency (VAI) in a large number of patients, caused by a variety of machanisms. In 30% to 50% of these cases the aortic leaflets are morphologically normal and can be spared using the technique of reconstruction of the root and ascending aorta plus the reimplantation of the aortic valve and the coronary arteries in a composite Dacron and bov (more) ine pericardium tubular graft. This technique, described and proposed by Tirone David, avoids valve replacement and, in some cases of AAA, may definitely correct the mechanisms involved in the disease. From November 1994 to December 1995, 11 patients were operated upon this technique and divided in two main groups: Group I - AAD, 5 patients, all with Type I DeBakey, 4 with acute and 1 with chronic dissection; Group II - AAA, 6 patients, the majority being over 50 years old. The surgical technique, concerning the Group I, included profound hypothermia (all cases), total circulatory arrest and retrograde cerebral perfusion, (3 cases). In Group II we used moderate hypothermia at 28°C. In both groups the myocardial protection was performed with intermittent antegrade isothermic blood cardioplegia delivered each 10 minutes, associated with iced saline into the pericardium. There were two operative deaths (18.2%) and one late death (9%), all from the Group I, and 9 were discharged from hospital (81.8%) with a maximum follow-up period of 13 months. All patients (9/11) had colour ecodopplercardiographic evaluation before discharge and none of them had aortic valvular dysfunction. The Eco studies were repeated for all surviving patients (8/11) in December 1995, and the results are shown in this paper. We conclude that the aortic valve-sparing operation described by Tirone David is a very reliable and effective method of treatment of the VAI associated with AAA and AAD. Although the number of patients is small and the follow-

PEREIRA, Wagner M; FROTA FILHO, José Dario; NOGUEIRA, Aldemir; SANTOS, Carlos S; DUNCH, Andréa; VALLENAS, Mário; JUNG, Luís A; LUCCHESE, Fernando A

1997-01-01

246

Tratamento cirúrgico da insuficiência aórtica nos aneurismas e dissecções da aorta ascendente pela técnica de Tirone David  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aneurismas da aorta ascendente (AAA) e dissecções agudas da aorta (DAA) são defeitos que cursam com insuficiência valvar aórtica (IAo) na maioria dos pacientes, geralmente causada por vários mecanismos. Em 30% a 50% dos casos, os folhetos aórticos são morfologicamente normais, possibilitando a reconstrução através do reimplante da valva e das artérias coronárias em um tubo corrugado de Dacron e pericárdio bovino. Descrita por Tirone David, esta técnica evita a prótese valvular e, provavelmente, nos casos de AAA, corrige definitivamente os mecanismos envolvidos. No período de novembro de 1994 a dezembro de 1995 operamos 11 pacientes, que foram assim divididos: Grupo I: DAA, 5 pacientes, todos com o Tipo 1 de DeBakey, sendo 4 agudos e 1 crônico; Grupo II: AAA, 6 pacientes, a maioria com idade acima de 50 anos. No Grupo I empregamos hipotermia profunda, parada circulatória total e perfusão cerebral retrógrada. No Grupo II usamos hipotermia moderada a 28oC. Em ambos a proteção miocárdica foi realizada através de infusão anterógrada intermitente e isotérmica de solução cardioplégica sangüínea associada a solução salina gelada no pericárdio. Dois (18,2%) pacientes faleceram na fase hospitalar e 1 (9%) tardiamente, todos do Grupo I, e 8 vêm sendo acompanhados, com tempo máximo de 13 meses de seguimento. Todos os pacientes sobreviventes (9/11) foram submetidos a estudo ecocardiográfico antes da alta e nenhum apresentou disfunção valvar aórtica. Em dezembro de 1995, todos que sobreviviam (8/11) foram reavaliados por ecocardiografia e os resultados são mostrados neste trabalho. Concluímos que o reimplante da valva aórtica descrito por David é um método efetivo de tratamento da IAo associada aos AAA e DAA. Mesmo sendo pequeno o número de pacientes e o seguimento desta série, acreditamos que a tentativa de evitar o implante de próteses valvulares é encorajadora para ambos, cirurgião e paciente, em um seleto número de casos.Aneurysms of the root and ascending aorta (AAA) and acute aortic dissections (AAD) are usually associated with valvular aortic insufficiency (VAI) in a large number of patients, caused by a variety of machanisms. In 30% to 50% of these cases the aortic leaflets are morphologically normal and can be spared using the technique of reconstruction of the root and ascending aorta plus the reimplantation of the aortic valve and the coronary arteries in a composite Dacron and bovine pericardium tubular graft. This technique, described and proposed by Tirone David, avoids valve replacement and, in some cases of AAA, may definitely correct the mechanisms involved in the disease. From November 1994 to December 1995, 11 patients were operated upon this technique and divided in two main groups: Group I - AAD, 5 patients, all with Type I DeBakey, 4 with acute and 1 with chronic dissection; Group II - AAA, 6 patients, the majority being over 50 years old. The surgical technique, concerning the Group I, included profound hypothermia (all cases), total circulatory arrest and retrograde cerebral perfusion, (3 cases). In Group II we used moderate hypothermia at 28°C. In both groups the myocardial protection was performed with intermittent antegrade isothermic blood cardioplegia delivered each 10 minutes, associated with iced saline into the pericardium. There were two operative deaths (18.2%) and one late death (9%), all from the Group I, and 9 were discharged from hospital (81.8%) with a maximum follow-up period of 13 months. All patients (9/11) had colour ecodopplercardiographic evaluation before discharge and none of them had aortic valvular dysfunction. The Eco studies were repeated for all surviving patients (8/11) in December 1995, and the results are shown in this paper. We conclude that the aortic valve-sparing operation described by Tirone David is a very reliable and effective method of treatment of the VAI associated with AAA and AAD. Although the number of patients is small and the follow-up period is short in this series, we believe that the effor

Wagner M PEREIRA; José Dario FROTA FILHO; Aldemir NOGUEIRA; Carlos S SANTOS; Andréa DUNCH; Mário VALLENAS; Luís A JUNG; Fernando A LUCCHESE

1997-01-01

247

Les vieux maîtres et les jeunes génies Old masters and young geniuses : artistic temporality, creativity and recognition according to David Galenson  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Cet article rend compte d’un ouvrage de l’économiste américain David W. Galenson consacré aux « deux cycles de vie de la créativité artistique » et à leurs prolongements dans différents domaines, y compris scientifique. Il en propose quelques applications à l’art contemporain, en suggérant notamment, à partir d’un exemple concret, que la question des temporalités pourrait aussi être étendue avec profit aux modalités de la reconnaissance en art.This paper provides an in-depth review of a book published by the American economist David W. Galenson on the “two cycles of artistic creativity” and their developments in various domains, including science. It offers a few applications to contemporary art, before demonstrating, out of a specific case, that the issue of temporalities should also be extended to the modes of artistic recognition.

Nathalie Heinich

2011-01-01

248

The Black and Green Atlantic. Cross-Currents of the African and Irish Diasporas. Eds. Peter D. O’Neill and David Lloyd.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The collection of essays The Black and Green Atlantic. Cross-Currents of the African and Irish Diasporas, edited by Peter D. O’Neill and David Lloyd brings together a series of essays addressing the issue of resistance, complicity and the circulation of ideas about equality, race and independence in an international, Atlantic context, extremely sensitive to the sometimes circular flow of ideas and to the polyphonic palimpsest of traditions and voices. Consciously continuing, as the editors th...

Roxana Oltean

2011-01-01

249

A novel HURRAH protocol reveals high numbers of monomorphic MHC class II loci and two asymmetric multi-locus haplotypes in the Pere David's deer.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Père David's deer is a highly inbred, but recovered, species, making it interesting to consider their adaptive molecular evolution from an immunological perspective. Prior to this study, genomic sequencing was the only method for isolating all functional MHC genes within a certain species. Here, we report a novel protocol for isolating MHC class II loci from a species, and its use to investigate the adaptive evolution of this endangered deer at the level of multi-locus haplotypes. This protocol was designated "HURRAH" based on its various steps and used to estimate the total number of MHC class II loci. We confirmed the validity of this novel protocol in the giant panda and then used it to examine the Père David's deer. Our results revealed that the Père David's deer possesses nine MHC class II loci and therefore has more functional MHC class II loci than the eight genome-sequenced mammals for which full MHC data are currently available. This could potentially account at least in part for the strong survival ability of this species in the face of severe bottlenecking. The results from the HURRAH protocol also revealed that: (1) All of the identified MHC class II loci were monomorphic at their antigen-binding regions, although DRA was dimorphic at its cytoplasmic tail; and (2) these genes constituted two asymmetric functional MHC class II multi-locus haplotypes: DRA1*01 ? DRB1 ? DRB3 ? DQA1 ? DQB2 (H1) and DRA1*02 ? DRB2 ? DRB4 ? DQA2 ? DQB1 (H2). The latter finding indicates that the current members of the deer species have lost the powerful ancestral MHC class II haplotypes of nine or more loci, and have instead fixed two relatively weak haplotypes containing five genes. As a result, the Père David's deer are currently at risk for increased susceptibility to infectious pathogens.

Wan QH; Zhang P; Ni XW; Wu HL; Chen YY; Kuang YY; Ge YF; Fang SG

2011-01-01

250

Rezension: Abraham David, Anke Költsch und Stephan Wendehorst: Leipziger Judentümer in Stadt und Universität. Katalog zur gleichnamigen Ausstellung in der Bibliotheca Albertina Leipzig vom 13. Januar bis 25. April 2010 Leipzig 2010  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abraham David, Anke Költsch und Stephan Wendehorst Leipziger Judentümer in Stadt und Universität.Katalog zur gleichnamigen Ausstellung in der Bibliotheca AlbertinaLeipzig vom 13. Januar bis 25. April 2010Leipzig 2010

Tim H. Deubel

2010-01-01

251

Communication theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Communication theory covers a wide variety of theories related to the communication process (Littlejohn, 1999). Communication is not simply an exchange of information, in which we have a sender and a receiver. This very technical concept of communication is clearly outdated; a human being is not a data processing device. In this chapter, communication is understood as a process of shared meaning-making (Bruner, 1990). Human beings interpret their environment, other people, and themselves on the basis of their dynamic interaction with the surrounding world. Meaning is essential because people ascribe specific meanings to their experiences, their actions in life or work, and their interactions. Meaning is reshaped, adapted, and transformed in every communication encounter. Furthermore, meaning is cocreated in dialogues or in communities of practice, such as in teams at a workplace or in school classes (Stelter, 2007).

Stein, Irene F.; Stelter, Reinhard

2011-01-01

252

Consistency of dominance rank order: a comparison of David's Scores with I&SI and Bayesian methods in macaques.  

Science.gov (United States)

In nonhuman primate social groups, dominance ranks are usually assigned to individuals based on outcomes of dyadic agonistic encounters. Multiple approaches have been used, but currently there is no consensus. One approach, David's Scores (DS), offers dual advantages of yielding cardinal scores that may in turn be used to compute hierarchical steepness. Here we correlate rank orders yielded by DS with those yielded by both the traditionally used I&SI approach and the recently proposed parametric Bayesian approach. We use six datasets for female macaques (three despotic and three tolerant groups), and 90 artificially generated datasets modeling macaque groups. We also use the artificial datasets to determine the impact of three characteristics (group size, interaction frequency, and directional asymmetry of aggression) on the magnitude of correlation coefficients, and assess the relative utility of two indices used to compute DS: Dij versus Pij. DS-based rank orders were strongly positively correlated with those yielded by the other two approaches for five out of the six macaque datasets, and for the majority of artificial datasets. Magnitudes of correlation coefficients were unrelated to group size or interaction frequency, but increased with directional asymmetry, suggesting methodological inconsistencies were more likely when dyads had more frequent reversals in directions of aggression. Finally, rank orders calculated using the Dij and Pij indices were similarly consistent with orders from other methods. We conclude that DS offers consistent estimates of rank orders, except perhaps in groups with very low levels of aggression asymmetry. In such "tolerant" groups, we suggest that the relatively greater methodological variability in rank orders may reflect behavioral characteristics of tolerant groups rather than computational inconsistencies between methods. We hypothesize that this quality may be quantified using posterior probability scores of Bayesian rank orders and may also index macaque social styles. PMID:23640681

Balasubramaniam, K N; Berman, C M; De Marco, A; Dittmar, K; Majolo, B; Ogawa, H; Thierry, B; De Vries, H

2013-05-02

253

Work plan for the removal and subsequent management of specific waste from David Witherspoon, Inc., Knoxville, Tennessee  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) and the Department of Energy (DOE) have made the determination that approximately 258 drums of waste and 10 open-top boxes of waste now located at the site known as David Witherspoon, Inc., (DWI) in south Knoxville, Tennessee, should be repackaged as necessary and transferred to the K-25 Site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for management. This work plan addresses the four phases of activity planned and the methods of accomplishment The lint phase will consist of an assessment to determine requirements for managing the waste. Items to be investigated include site access, site conditions, personal protective equipment, waste characterization needs, packaging and labeling, transportation, receipt and storage of the waste at the K-25 Site, and site controls and monitoring required during the packaging operations to be conducted at DWI. The second phase will include mobilization of on-site support and operating facilities, sampling and transferral of a randomly selected representative fraction of the 232 drums now stored on-site in sea/land containers to storage facilities at the K-25 Site, and sampling of the waste now stored in the 26 drums inside the main process building and the 10 open-top boxes of waste stored outside and adjacent to the building. The third phase will include repackaging and transferral of the 26 drums and 10 boxes of waste to the K-25 Site and placement of the containerized waste into appropriate storage at the K-25 Site. Participants in the fourth phase of activity will demobilize the support and operating facilities from DWI, conduct an on-site evaluation at the K-25 site to verify compliance with storage and other management requirements, prepare a closeout report for the activity assessing the actions, and develop a plan for the final management method for the waste.

1993-01-01

254

Work plan for the removal and subsequent management of specific waste from David Witherspoon, Inc. , Knoxville, Tennessee  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) and the Department of Energy (DOE) have made the determination that approximately 258 drums of waste and 10 open-top boxes of waste now located at the site known as David Witherspoon, Inc., (DWI) in south Knoxville, Tennessee, should be repackaged as necessary and transferred to the K-25 Site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for management. This work plan addresses the four phases of activity planned and the methods of accomplishment The lint phase will consist of an assessment to determine requirements for managing the waste. Items to be investigated include site access, site conditions, personal protective equipment, waste characterization needs, packaging and labeling, transportation, receipt and storage of the waste at the K-25 Site, and site controls and monitoring required during the packaging operations to be conducted at DWI. The second phase will include mobilization of on-site support and operating facilities, sampling and transferral of a randomly selected representative fraction of the 232 drums now stored on-site in sea/land containers to storage facilities at the K-25 Site, and sampling of the waste now stored in the 26 drums inside the main process building and the 10 open-top boxes of waste stored outside and adjacent to the building. The third phase will include repackaging and transferral of the 26 drums and 10 boxes of waste to the K-25 Site and placement of the containerized waste into appropriate storage at the K-25 Site. Participants in the fourth phase of activity will demobilize the support and operating facilities from DWI, conduct an on-site evaluation at the K-25 site to verify compliance with storage and other management requirements, prepare a closeout report for the activity assessing the actions, and develop a plan for the final management method for the waste.

1993-01-01

255

Consistency of dominance rank order: a comparison of David's Scores with I&SI and Bayesian methods in macaques.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In nonhuman primate social groups, dominance ranks are usually assigned to individuals based on outcomes of dyadic agonistic encounters. Multiple approaches have been used, but currently there is no consensus. One approach, David's Scores (DS), offers dual advantages of yielding cardinal scores that may in turn be used to compute hierarchical steepness. Here we correlate rank orders yielded by DS with those yielded by both the traditionally used I&SI approach and the recently proposed parametric Bayesian approach. We use six datasets for female macaques (three despotic and three tolerant groups), and 90 artificially generated datasets modeling macaque groups. We also use the artificial datasets to determine the impact of three characteristics (group size, interaction frequency, and directional asymmetry of aggression) on the magnitude of correlation coefficients, and assess the relative utility of two indices used to compute DS: Dij versus Pij. DS-based rank orders were strongly positively correlated with those yielded by the other two approaches for five out of the six macaque datasets, and for the majority of artificial datasets. Magnitudes of correlation coefficients were unrelated to group size or interaction frequency, but increased with directional asymmetry, suggesting methodological inconsistencies were more likely when dyads had more frequent reversals in directions of aggression. Finally, rank orders calculated using the Dij and Pij indices were similarly consistent with orders from other methods. We conclude that DS offers consistent estimates of rank orders, except perhaps in groups with very low levels of aggression asymmetry. In such "tolerant" groups, we suggest that the relatively greater methodological variability in rank orders may reflect behavioral characteristics of tolerant groups rather than computational inconsistencies between methods. We hypothesize that this quality may be quantified using posterior probability scores of Bayesian rank orders and may also index macaque social styles.

Balasubramaniam KN; Berman CM; De Marco A; Dittmar K; Majolo B; Ogawa H; Thierry B; De Vries H

2013-09-01

256

Options theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Techniques used in conventional project appraisal are mathematically very simple in comparison to those used in reservoir modelling, and in the geosciences. Clearly it would be possible to value assets in mathematically more sophisticated ways if it were meaningful and worthwhile so to do. The DCf approach in common use has recognized limitations; the inability to select a meaningful discount rate being particularly significant. Financial Theory has advanced enormously over the last few years, along with computational techniques, and methods are beginning to appear which may change the way we do project evaluations in practice. The starting point for all of this was a paper by Black and Scholes, which asserts that almost all corporate liabilities can be viewed as options of varying degrees of complexity. Although the financial presentation may be unfamiliar to engineers and geoscientists, some of the concepts used will not be. This paper outlines, in plain English, the basis of option pricing theory for assessing the market value of a project. it also attempts to assess the future role of this type of approach in practical Petroleum Exploration and Engineering economics. Reference is made to relevant published Natural Resource literature

1992-01-01

257

Lewes string theory workshop  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book contains papers presented at a workshop on superstrings. Topics include the following: String Field Theory; Historical Aspects of String Theory; Phenomenological Aspects of the Theory; and the use of sporadic groups in String Theory.

Clavelli, L.; Halprin, A.

1986-01-01

258

Sustainablegrowth theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

With reference to highly debated sustainable growth strategies to counter pressing interrelated global environmental and socio-economic problems, this paper reviews economic and resource development theories proposed by classical and neoclassical economists. The review evidences the growing debate among public administration decision makers regarding appropriate methods to assess the worth of natural resources and ecosystems. Proposed methods tend to be biased either towards environmental protection or economic development. Two major difficulties in the effective implementation of sustainable growth strategies are also evidenced - the management of such strategies would require appropriate revisions to national accounting systems, and the dynamic flow of energy and materials between an economic system and the environment would generate a sequence of unstable structures evolving in a chaotic and unpredictable way

1993-01-01

259

Bohmian mechanics. The physics and mathematics of quantum theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Bohmian Mechanics was formulated in 1952 by David Bohm as a complete theory of quantum phenomena based on a particle picture. It was promoted some decades later by John S. Bell, who, intrigued by the manifestly nonlocal structure of the theory, was led to his famous Bell's inequalities. Experimental tests of the inequalities verified that nature is indeed nonlocal. Bohmian mechanics has since then prospered as the straightforward completion of quantum mechanics. This book provides a systematic introduction to Bohmian mechanics and to the mathematical abstractions of quantum mechanics, which range from the self-adjointness of the Schroedinger operator to scattering theory. It explains how the quantum formalism emerges when Boltzmann's ideas about statistical mechanics are applied to Bohmian mechanics. The book is self-contained, mathematically rigorous and an ideal starting point for a fundamental approach to quantum mechanics. It will appeal to students and newcomers to the field, as well as to established scientists seeking a clear exposition of the theory. (orig.)

Duerr, Detlef [Muenchen Univ. (Germany). Fakultaet Mathematik; Teufel, Stefan [Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Mathematisches Inst.

2009-07-01

260

Bohmian mechanics. The physics and mathematics of quantum theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Bohmian Mechanics was formulated in 1952 by David Bohm as a complete theory of quantum phenomena based on a particle picture. It was promoted some decades later by John S. Bell, who, intrigued by the manifestly nonlocal structure of the theory, was led to his famous Bell's inequalities. Experimental tests of the inequalities verified that nature is indeed nonlocal. Bohmian mechanics has since then prospered as the straightforward completion of quantum mechanics. This book provides a systematic introduction to Bohmian mechanics and to the mathematical abstractions of quantum mechanics, which range from the self-adjointness of the Schroedinger operator to scattering theory. It explains how the quantum formalism emerges when Boltzmann's ideas about statistical mechanics are applied to Bohmian mechanics. The book is self-contained, mathematically rigorous and an ideal starting point for a fundamental approach to quantum mechanics. It will appeal to students and newcomers to the field, as well as to established scientists seeking a clear exposition of the theory. (orig.)

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Reviews / David J. Smith  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Arvustus: Kasekamp, Andres. A history of the Baltic states. Basingstoke (Hampshire) ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Artiklis tutvustatakse raamatut eelkõige kui täielikku ülevaadet Balti riikide postsotsialistlikust edukast arengust ja selle ajaloolistest juurtest

Smith, David J.

2012-01-01

262

Poetry by David Eggleton  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As a performance poet living in Aotearoa/New Zealand, I deny the provisional rhetoric of the famous Englishman W.H.Auden who claimed that “Poetry makes nothing happen.” On the contrary, poetry makes everything happen. My poems seek to enact states of being, to put you in the moment, whatever that moment may be.My first poem has neo-Marxist tendencies. It is a poem about identity politics, but is not necessarily an endorsement of any fashionable position; rather it is a subtle interrogation of possibilities. Maybe the dramatic monologue of the poem is being recited by someone through whom the idioms and slogans and textures of contemporary English, as heard in the New Zealand media or in the street or in the jail, are being channeled or ideologically recycled. Alternatively, maybe there is no-one positioned behind the text and the voice has been arrived at as a series of echoes from “what is out there”. Or again this maybe a standardised incantation that has learnt from the traditions of Maori and English literature and oratory. It also presents itself, or is presented by me the poet, as an address to the powers-that –be, so as to speak for the damaged, the absent, the unspoken-for.My second poem is a saga of the landscape of the southern part of Te Wai Pounamu/South Island, seen from the perspective of a wild air current personified as a deity. It is also a lyrical celebration of the freedom of the open road and of big sky country.My third poem is a phantasmagoria on the transition from the colonial to the post-colonial and the neo-colonial. It is about the struggle against alienation, the struggle to belong in a South Pacific/Pasifika which has a bloody history. It is also about the anxiety of the global condition, or globalisation, and its industries, from cuise ship tourism to mineral extraction and plantations.

David Eggleton

2010-01-01

263

David Peter Steensma  

Science.gov (United States)

Text Version... 32. Knox S, Kurtin PJ, Steensma DP. Isolated splenic sinus histiocytosis (Rosai-Dorfman disease) in association with myelodysplastic syndrome. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

264

Resume: John David Baker  

Science.gov (United States)

Text Version... American Management Association Certificate in Strategic Alliance Management (12/2009) Training in Statistical Process Control and Quality ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

265

Curriculum Vitae: David Cooke  

Science.gov (United States)

Text Version... Faculty Development 9/9/10-12/23/10 Teaching Skills, Part 1 2/23/12 Pediatric Fellowship Cultural Competency Curriculum: “Becoming American” 3 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

266

David Madigan CV  

Science.gov (United States)

Text Version... Proceedings of the 25th International Workshop on Bayesian inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering (MaxEnt 05 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

267

David trumps Goliath  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Around the world wind energy projects are cropping up that are not planned or operated by big power companies but rather by citizens, farmers, schools, and communities. Community wind projects provide a range of benefits to all those involved. (orig.)

Frey, Martin

2012-07-01

268

Shopping with David.  

Science.gov (United States)

A parent of a six-year-old son with spina bifida examines common accessibility problems in the form of six steps involved in taking the child shopping from finding a parking space to finding an entrance ramp and maneuvering in the store. (DB)

Mickinac, Daniel Lee

1992-01-01

269

David J. Aldous  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Modify the usual percolation process on the infinite binary tree byforbidding infinite clusters to grow further. The ultimate configuration willconsist of both infinite and finite clusters. We give a rigorous constructionof a version of this process and show that one can do explicit calculations ofvarious quantities, for instance the law of the time (if any) that the clustercontaining a fixed edge becomes infinite. Surprisingly, the distribution ofthe shape of a cluster which becomes infinite at time t ? 1=2 does notdepend on t; it is always distributed as the incipient infinite percolationcluster on the tree. Similarly, a typical finite cluster at each time t ? 1=2has the distribution of a critical percolation cluster. This elaborates anobservation of Stockmayer (1942).AMS 1991 subject classification: 60K35, 05C80Research supported by N.S.F. Grant DMS96-228591 IntroductionLet T = (V; E) be the infinite binary tree, wherein each vertex has degreethree: V is the ver...

David J. Aldous

270

Revolutsioonile mõeldes / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Nõukogudeaegse ajalookäsitluse üheks peamiseks meetodiks oli lihtsustamine. Eestis väidetavalt käivitunud eetikarevolutsiooni käsitlemine ei erine oma olemuselt nõukogudeaegsest metoodikast. Rooma keiser Septimius Severusest

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

271

The Pere David's deer MHC class I genes show unexpected diversity patterns, with monomorphic classical genes but polymorphic nonclassical genes and pseudogenes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus) is a highly inbred species that arose from 11 founders but now comprises a population of about 3,000 individuals, making it interesting to investigate the adaptive variation of this species from the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) perspective. In this study, we isolated Elda-MHC class I loci using magnetic bead-based cDNA hybridization, and examined the molecular variations of these loci using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and sequence analysis. We obtained seven MHC class I genes, which we designated F1, F12, G2, I7, AF, I8, and C1. Our analyses of stop codons, phylogenetic trees, amino acid conservation, and G+C content revealed that F1, F12, G2, and I7 were classical genes, AF was a nonclassical gene, and I8 and C1 were pseudogenes. Our subsequent molecular examinations showed that the diversity pattern in the Père David's deer was unusual. Most mammals have more polymorphic classical class I loci vs. the nonclassical and neutral genes. In contrast, the Père David's deer was found to be monomorphic at classical genes F1, F12, G2, and I7, dimorphic at the nonclassical AF gene, dimorphic at pseudogene I8, and tetramorphic at pseudogene C1. The adverse polymorphism patterns of Elda-I genes might provide evidence for selection too faster deplete MHC variation than drift in the bottlenecked populations, while the postbottleneck tetramorphism of the C1 pseudogene appears to be evidence of strong historical balancing selection.

Zhang P; Kuang YY; Wu HL; Li L; Ge YF; Wan QH; Fang SG

2012-06-01

272

On the Influence of Rabbi ‘Haim Joseph David Azulai (‘Hida)’s Shem Ha-Guedolim on the Hebraic Bio-bibliography  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Before entering into the subject of the history of this book and its offspring, the author, the ‘Hida, must be presented briefly. Moritz Steinschneider says of him: “’Haim Joseph David Azulai of Jerusalem (1724-1806) wrote a book about the biographies of the sages of Israel and their works. The content of the book was collected by him throughout his travels.” The ‘Hida, like his father Isaac Zera’hia before him, had been appointed as a rabbinic envoy (shalia’h) to collect the funds necessary ...

Yohanan Lederman

2008-01-01

273

Catastrophe Theory in Economics.  

Science.gov (United States)

The concepts and terminology of catastrophe theory--a theory that provides interesting explanations of why apparently stable relations display sudden jumps--as used in economics are introduced. The application of the theory in providing deeper insights into the theory of the firm in the intermediate microeconomic theory course is explained.…

Scott, Robert C.; Sattler, Edward L.

1983-01-01

274

PREFACE: HITES 2012: 'Horizons of Innovative Theories, Experiments, and Supercomputing in Nuclear Physics'  

Science.gov (United States)

This volume contains the contributions of the speakers of an international conference in honor of Jerry Draayer's 70th birthday, entitled 'Horizons of Innovative Theories, Experiments and Supercomputing in Nuclear Physics'. The list of contributors includes not only international experts in these fields, but also many former collaborators, former graduate students, and former postdoctoral fellows of Jerry Draayer, stressing innovative theories such as special symmetries and supercomputing, both of particular interest to Jerry. The organizers of the conference intended to honor Jerry Draayer not only for his seminal contributions in these fields, but also for his administrative skills at departmental, university, national and international level. Signed: Ted Hecht University of Michigan Conference photograph Scientific Advisory Committee Ani AprahamianUniversity of Notre Dame Baha BalantekinUniversity of Wisconsin Bruce BarrettUniversity of Arizona Umit CatalyurekOhio State Unversity David DeanOak Ridge National Laboratory Jutta Escher (Chair)Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Jorge HirschUNAM, Mexico David RoweUniversity of Toronto Brad Sherill & Michigan State University Joel TohlineLouisiana State University Edward ZganjarLousiana State University Organizing Committee Jeff BlackmonLouisiana State University Mark CaprioUniversity of Notre Dame Tomas DytrychLouisiana State University Ana GeorgievaINRNE, Bulgaria Kristina Launey (Co-chair)Louisiana State University Gabriella PopaOhio University Zanesville James Vary (Co-chair)Iowa State University Local Organizing Committee Laura LinhardtLouisiana State University Charlie RascoLouisiana State University Karen Richard (Coordinator)Louisiana State University

Hecht, K. T.

2012-12-01

275

Para una des-comprensión filosófica del cine: el caso Inland Empire de David Lynch/ Towards a Philosophical non-understanding of Films: The Lynch's Inland Empire Case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El trabajo cuestiona la capacidad hermenéutica de la filosofía en su tarea de analizar películas, sosteniendo que tal capacidad dejó de ser apropiada para hacer surgir el sentido y la verdad de obras cinematográficas. Se argumenta que una capacidad interactiva y "performativa" sería más adecuada. Obras cinematográficas como las de David Lynch ayudan a entender este paso metodológico y temático desde la noción interpretativa de la verdad hacia la noción interac (more) tiva de la misma, al construir filmes que se configuran como "imposibles hermenéuticos". El artículo contiene una auto-crítica a la propia actitud hermenéutica aún asumida en mi libro Cine: 100 años de filosofía, de 1999. Abstract in english This paper puts in question the hermeneutic approach to the philosophical analysis of films, by showing this approach inadequate to allow the sense and truth of works of cinema arise and develop. An interactive and performative approach seems to be better. Cinematographic works as David Lynch?s help to understand this shift from the hermeneutic conception of truth to the interactive one, if we can see these films as genuine "hermeneutic impossibilities". The paper also c (more) ontains a criticism against the hermeneutic approach still sustained in my book Cine: 100 años de filosofía (Cinema: 100 years of philosophy), 1999.

Cabrera, Julio

2009-08-01

276

Comment Hollywood figure l’intériorité dans les films « hollywoodiens » de David Lynch, Lost Highway (1997), Mulholland Dr. (2001) et Inland Empire (2006)  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available L’article prend comme point de départ les travaux de Zachary Baqué et vise à montrer, à travers une étude diachronique, que les films hollywoodiens de Lynch ne le sont pas uniquement par leur représentation satirique d’un système corrompu qui compromet les ambitions qu’il suscite, ni même par la façon dont il retravaille les conventions génériques et narratives propres au cinéma hollywoodien. Hollywood est une présence à la fois horizontale et verticale, physique et abstraite, réelle et imaginaire, qui renvoie à la ville, au système, au cinéma et au rêve, si bien que la satire, la topographie, les motifs visuels parfois clichés et les références filmiques sont intimement liés en une expression de la subjectivité et de l’intérioritéThe article takes Zachary Baqué’s study of Los Angeles in the films of David Lynch as a starting point to explore David Lynch’s Hollywood movies. The author contends that the films offer more than a satirical representation of a corrupt, unhealthy system which threatens dreams and artistic creativity, or a parodic play on Hollywood genre and narrative conventions. Rather, Hollywood is a character, a presence, revealed as both horizontal and vertical, physical and abstract, evoking the city, the studio system, cinema and dreams, so that the satire, the visual motifs and clichés and the topography of Hollywood, and the references to Hollywood films, constitute a complex fabric of subjectivity and interiority.

David ROCHE

2011-01-01

277

Toward Fuzzy block theory  

CERN Document Server

This study, fundamentals of fuzzy block theory, and its application in assessment of stability in underground openings, has surveyed. Using fuzzy topics and inserting them in to key block theory, in two ways, fundamentals of fuzzy block theory has been presented. In indirect combining, by coupling of adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (NFIS) and classic block theory, we could extract possible damage parts around a tunnel. In direct solution, some principles of block theory, by means of different fuzzy facets theory, were rewritten.

Owladeghaffari, H

2008-01-01

278

Review of Hydroelasticity Theories  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Existing hydroelastic theories are reviewed. The theories are classified into different types: two-dimensional linear theory, two-dimensional nonlinear theory, three-dimensional linear theory and three-dimensional nonlinear theory. Applications to analysis of very large floating structures (VLFS) are reviewed and discussed in details. Special emphasis is placed on papers from China and Japan (in native languages) as these papers are not generally publicly known in the rest of the world.

Chen, Xu-jun; Wu, You-sheng

2006-01-01

279

David Lynch - Dark Splendor. Raum Bilder Klang, hrg. von Werner Spies, Ostfildern 2009; See this Sound. Versprechungen von Bild und Ton, hrg. von Cosima Rainer u.a., Köln 2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Das Max Ernst Museum in Brühl und das Lentos Kunstmuseum in Linz haben jüngst zwei Ausstellungskataloge herausgebracht, denen eine jeweils bemerkenswerte Ausstellung vorausging.Der Regisseur David Lynch wurde vor allem durch seine beeindruckenden Spielfilme wie Lost Highway, Mulholland Drive, Blue Velvet oder durch die Serie Twin Peaks aus den 90er Jahren bekannt. Die Ausstellung David Lynch – Dark Splendor. Raum Bilder Klang enthüllt eine Seite des Kultregisseurs, die vielen Filmliebhabern noch unentdeckt geblieben sein könnte. Brühl zeigt hier erstmals in Deutschland eine Sammlung, die sich nur mit dem bildnerischen Schaffen des Künstlers befasst.

Sarah Mauksch

2010-01-01

280

The Relation between Theory of Justice of John Rawls by Kant's Ethics and Hegel's philosophy of Right  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available After the famous book on political philosophy of Karl Popper and in support of the liberal doctrine titled" Open society and its enemies", the most famous theory of John Rawls, the university of Harwaed professor in political philosophy in, which a book titled" A theory of justice "was published in 1971. This book includes several articles that eventually, has formed like a book has increased a wide audience in the university and professional journals, particularly in English –speaking countries. Rawls book, based on ethical approach –the political challenge with common issues, including comments utilitarianism payment. Rawl's theory of john Stuart Mill, David Hume and the ethical discussion sidgwick quit common and was considered beyond established based tradition of ethical contractivism and deontological ethics theory of Kant and Hegel's philosophy of right to and re-design concepts of his theory in the tradition of normative political philosophy west restored."Theory of justice" due to the boroad variety of social sciences, audience many attracted. Readers of this theory found a wide variety of disciplines ranging from psychology and economic to ethical issues. Selected topic for which it repeatedly Rawls in his book and his theory named the Kantian and did not name in Hegel, the Hegelian's philosophy of Right theory of the hidden angles of this article will focus on, as well as his abut influence on some views Interpreters.

Dirbaz, A; Mehri, H

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Abstraction Super-structuring Normal Forms: Towards a Theory of Structural Induction  

CERN Document Server

Induction is the process by which we obtain predictive laws or theories or models of the world. We consider the structural aspect of induction. We answer the question as to whether we can find a finite and minmalistic set of operations on structural elements in terms of which any theory can be expressed. We identify abstraction (grouping similar entities) and super-structuring (combining topologically e.g., spatio-temporally close entities) as the essential structural operations in the induction process. We show that only two more structural operations, namely, reverse abstraction and reverse super-structuring (the duals of abstraction and super-structuring respectively) suffice in order to exploit the full power of Turing-equivalent generative grammars in induction. We explore the implications of this theorem with respect to the nature of hidden variables, radical positivism and the 2-century old claim of David Hume about the principles of connexion among ideas.

Silvescu, Adrian

2011-01-01

282

O-Theory: a hybrid uncertainty theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A hybrid uncertainty theory is developed to bridge the gap between fuzzy set theory and Bayesian inference theory. Its basis is the Dempster-Shafer formalism (a probability-like, set-theoretic approach), which is extended and expanded upon so as to include a complete set of basic operations for manipulating uncertainties in approximate reasoning. The new theory, operator-belief theory (OT), retains the probabilistic flavor of Bayesian inference but includes the potential for defining a wider range of operators like those found in fuzzy set theory. The basic operations defined for OT in this paper include those for: dominance and order, union, intersection, complement and general mappings. A formal relationship between the membership function in fuzzy set theory and the upper probability function in the Dempster-Shafer formalism is also developed. Several sample problems in logical inference are worked out to illustrate the results derived from this new approach as well as to compare them with the other theories currently being used. A general method of extending the theory using the historical development of fuzzy set theory as an example is suggested.

Oblow, E.M.

1985-10-01

283

Rationality, Theory Acceptance and Decision Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following Kuhn's main thesis according to which theory revision and acceptance is always paradigm relative, I propose to outline some possible consequences of such a view. First, asking the question in what sense Bayesian decision theory could serve as the appropriate (normative) theory of rationality examined from the point of view of the epistemology of theory acceptance, I argue that Bayesianism leads to a narrow conception of theory acceptance. Second, regarding the different types of theory revision, i.e. expansion, contraction, replacement and residuals shifts, I extract from Kuhn's view a series of indications showing that theory replacement cannot be rationalized within the framework of Bayesian decision theory, not even within a more sophisticated version of that model. Third, and finally, I will point to the need for a more comprehensive model of rationality than the Bayesian expected utility maximization model, the need for a model which could better deal with the different aspects of theory replacement. I will show that Kuhn's distinction between normal and revolutionary science gives us several hints for a more adequate theory of rationality in science. I will also show that Kuhn is not in a position to fully articulate his main ideas and that he well be confronted with a serious problem concerning collective choice of a paradigm.

J. Nicolas Kaufmann

1998-01-01

284

Contemporary theories of democracy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this paper is two-fold: first, to analyze several contemporary theories of democracy, and secondly, to propose a theoretical framework for further investigations based on analyzed theories. The following four theories will be analyzed: pluralism, social choice theory, deliberative democracy and participatory democracy.

Mladenovi? Ivan

2008-01-01

285

Thermal field theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

These proceedings on quantum-field theories at non-zero temperature cover equilibrium and non-equilibrium statistical physics, quantum optics, high-temperature gauge-field theories, string theories, and statistical theories of gravitation and cosmology. (author). refs.; figs.; tabs.

1991-01-01

286

Game Theory : 5 Questions  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Game Theory is a collection of short interviews based on 5 questions presented to some of the most influential and prominent scholars in game theory. We hear their views on game theory, its aim, scope, use, the future direction of game theory and how their work fits in these respects.

2007-01-01

287

Descriptive set theory  

CERN Multimedia

Now available in paperback, this monograph is a self-contained exposition of the main results and methods of descriptive set theory. It develops all the necessary background material from logic and recursion theory, and treats both classical descriptive set theory and the effective theory developed by logicians.

Moschovakis, YN

1987-01-01

288

Reversal theory: an introduction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The theory of psychological reversals, or 'reversal theory', is a relatively new theory of motivation and personality that places emphasis on the inconsistency and changeability of human behaviour and experience. The present paper provides a general introduction to the theory's principal constructs and assumptions. Specific reversal theory concepts outlined here include the notions of metamotivational modes, reversals between modes and metamotivational dominance. The nature of metamotivational reversals and factors that influence the process of reversals are also described. Psychometric and experimental research in support of the theory is reviewed. The final section offers a critical evaluation of reversal theory and discusses its relevance and applicability in the health sciences.

Lafreniere KD

1993-12-01

289

'The Solution to his Own Enigma': Connecting the Life of Montague David Eder (1865-1936), Socialist, Psychoanalyst, Zionist and Modern Saint.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This article examines the career of pioneer British psychoanalyst David Eder (1865-1936). Credited by Freud as the first practising psychoanalyst in England, active in early British socialism and then a significant figure in Zionism in post-war Palestine, and in between an adventurer in South America, a pioneer in the field of school medicine, and a writer on shell-shock, Eder is a strangely neglected figure in existing historiography. The connections between his interest in medicine, psychoanalysis, socialism and Zionism are also explored. In doing so, this article contributes to our developing understanding of the psychoanalytic culture of early twentieth-century Britain, pointing to its shifting relationship to broader ideology and the practical social and political challenges of the period. The article also reflects on the challenges for both Eder's contemporaries and his biographers in making sense of such a life.

Thomson M

2011-01-01

290

David Lorimer The Need for a Noetic Revolution Review of Alan Wallace's The Taboo of Subjectivity Subtitled `Towards a New Science of Consciousness', this is a landmark book  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

hat most research isconducted within the metaphysical framework of this ideology. The result ofscientific materialism in particular is the marginalisation of the mind, which ledto behaviourism in the early years of the twetieth century and is now present inthe eliminative materialism school of the Churchlands. The irony and indeedJournal of Consciousness Studies, 9, No. 12, 2002, pp. 89--91Correspondence: David Lorimer, Gibliston Mill, Colinsburgh, Leven, Fife KY9 1JS, Scotland[1] B. Alan Wallace, The Taboo of Subjectivity, Oxford New York, 2000, 218 pp., 22 ISBN 0 19513207 6 (hbk).reductio ad absurdum of this position is that consciousness or mind is essentialfor its formulation. More generally, the sceptical approach of science is notapplied to its philosophical assumptions as these remain for the most partunconscious.An interesting historical chapter on theological impulses in the scientific revolutionleads into the second part where Wallace explores the elements of

David Lorimer

291

David valve-sparing aortic root replacement: equivalent mid-term outcome for different valve types with or without connective tissue disorder.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Although implicitly accepted by many that the durability of valve-sparing aortic root replacement in patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease and connective tissue disorders will be inferior, this hypothesis has not been rigorously investigated. METHODS: From 1993 to 2009, 233 patients (27% bicuspid aortic valve, 40% Marfan syndrome) underwent Tirone David valve-sparing aortic root replacement. Follow-up averaged 4.7 ± 3.3 years (1102 patient-years). Freedom from adverse outcomes was determined using log-rank calculations. RESULTS: Survival at 5 and 10 years was 98.7% ± 0.7% and 93.5% ± 5.1%, respectively. Freedom from reoperation (all causes) on the aortic root was 92.2% ± 3.6% at 10 years; 3 reoperations were aortic valve replacement owing to structural valve deterioration. Freedom from structural valve deterioration at 10 years was 96.1% ± 2.1%. No significant differences were found in survival (P = .805, P = .793, respectively), reoperation (P = .179, P = .973, respectively), structural valve deterioration (P = .639, P = .982, respectively), or any other functional or clinical endpoints when patients were stratified by valve type (tricuspid aortic valve vs bicuspid aortic valve) or associated connective tissue disorder. At the latest echocardiographic follow-up (95% complete), 202 patients (94.8%) had none or trace aortic regurgitation, 10 (4.7%) mild, 0 had moderate to severe, and 1 (0.5%) had severe aortic regurgitation. Freedom from greater than 2+ aortic regurgitation at 10 years was 95.3% ± 2.5%. Six patients sustained acute type B aortic dissection (freedom at 10 years, 90.4% ± 5.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Tirone David reimplantation valve-sparing aortic root replacement in carefully selected young patients was associated with excellent clinical and echocardiographic outcome in patients with either a tricuspid aortic valve or bicuspid aortic valve. No demonstrable adverse influence was found for Marfan syndrome or connective tissue disorder on durability, clinical outcome, or echocardiographic results.

Kvitting JP; Kari FA; Fischbein MP; Liang DH; Beraud AS; Stephens EH; Mitchell RS; Miller DC

2013-01-01

292

The PRECiSE 2 trial of certolizumab pegol, a new PEGylated anti-TNF agent, in the treatment of Crohn's disease - An interview with David A Schwartz, 13 June 2007  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

David A SchwartzVanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USAContext: Certolizumab pegol (CDP 870) is a new anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy currently in development for the treatment of Crohn’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriasis. Certolizumab pegol is the first P...

David A Schwartz

293

[Topics in field theory and string theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the past year, I have continued to investigate the relations between conformal field theories and lattice statistical mechanical models. I have also tried to extend some of these results to higher dimensions and to find applications in string theories and other contexts

1989-01-01

294

The Grounded Theory Bookshelf  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bookshelf will provide critical reviews and perspectives on books on theory and methodology of interest to grounded theory. This issue includes a review of Heaton’s Reworking Qualitative Data, of special interest for some of its references to grounded theory as a secondary analysis tool; and Goulding’s Grounded Theory: A practical guide for management, business, and market researchers, a book that attempts to explicate the method and presents a grounded theory study that falls a little short of the mark of a fully elaborated theory.Reworking Qualitative Data, Janet Heaton (Sage, 2004). Paperback, 176 pages, $29.95. Hardcover also available.

Vivian B. Martin, Ph.D.

2005-01-01

295

The Global Approach to Quantum Field Theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Parts I and II develop the basic classical and quantum kinematics of fields and other dynamical systems. The presentation is conducted in the utmost generality, allowing for dynamical quantities that may be anticommuting (supernumbers) and theories subject to the most general possible gauge symmetry. The basic ingredients are action functionals and the Peierls bracket, a manifestly covariant replacement for the Poisson bracket and equal-time commutation relations. For DeWitt the logical progression is Peierls bracket ? Schwinger action principle ? Feynman functional integral although he points out that the historical development was in the opposite order. It must be pointed out that the Peierls-Schwinger-DeWitt approach, despite some advantages over initial-value formulations, has some troubles of its own. In particular, it has never completely escaped from the arena of scattering theory, the paradigm of conventional particle physics. One is naturally led to study matrix elements between an 'in-vacuum' and an 'out-vacuum' though such concepts are murky in situations, such as big bangs and black holes, where the ambient geometry is not asymptotically static in the far past and future. The newest material in the treatise appears in two chapters in part II devoted to the interpretation of quantum theory, incorporating some unpublished work of David Deutsch on the meaning of probability in physics. Parts III through V apply the formalism in depth to successively more difficult classes of systems: quantum mechanics, linear (free) fields, and interacting fields. DeWitt's characteristic tools of effective actions, heat kernels, and ghost fields are developed. Chapters 26 and 31 outline new approaches developed in collaboration with DeWitt's recent students C Molina-Paris and C Y Wang, respectively. The most of parts VI and VII consist of special topics, such as anomalies, particle creation by external fields, Unruh acceleration temperature, black holes, and Euclideanization. Chapter 30, on black holes and Hawking radiation, will be very familiar to readers of DeWitt's influential review article. Chapter 28, on anomalies, makes a careful distinction (missing from many treatments) between 'critical' anomalies, which render equations of motion inconsistent in the (would-be) quantum theory, and harmless anomalies that merely invalidate predictions that would classically follow from certain symmetries. Examples of critical anomalies are the chiral anomaly of a spinor field coupled to a non-Abelian gauge field and the anomaly in the conservation law of the stress tensor of certain pathological theories. DeWitt's chapter calculates the trace and chiral anomalies in detail. The last two chapters of part VII treat the most important particular quantum field theories. Chapter 34 develops many of the textbook predictions of quantum eletrodynamics from DeWitt's starting point. Chapter 35 covers Yang-Mills fields and quantum gravity. The discussion of gravity is surprisingly brief, in view of DeWitt's lifelong preoccupation with that subject. He rejects renormalizable fourth-order modifications of four-dimensional gravity because he could not stomach unfriendly ghosts (states of negative norm or unboundedly negative energy) nor the technical difficulties of integrating such theories into the functional-integral formalism. Finally, there is part VIII, entitled 'Examples. Simple Exercises in the Use of the Global Formalism'. It consists of 25 short chapters numbered separately from those of the main text. The preface recommends reading these and the main text in parallel. Most valuable in my opinion is a string of successively more complicated fermionic models. Hidden in an appendix is a crucial motivational paragraph: Super Hilbert spaces are generalizations of ordinary Hilbert spaces, designed so as to enable one to consider quantum systems with supernumber-valued parameters (e.g., a-type external sources) which, themselves, are introduced in order to present, in a compact algebraic way, certain relationships between real phys

2006-05-21

296

Covariant Noncommutative Field Theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The covariant approach to noncommutative field and gauge theories is revisited. In the process the formalism is applied to field theories invariant under diffeomorphisms. Local differentiable forms are defined in this context. The lagrangian and hamiltonian formalism is consistently introduced

2008-07-02

297

Perturbation Theory and Techniques  

CERN Multimedia

Prepared for the Quantum Field Theory section of the Encyclopedia of Mathematical Physics, Elsevier, 2006. A brief introduction to the methodology and techniques of perturbative relativistic quantum field theory is presented.

Szabó, R J

2005-01-01

298

Elementary particle theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present state of the art in elementary particle theory is reviewed. Topics include quantum electrodynamics, weak interactions, electroweak unification, quantum chromodynamics, and grand unified theories. 113 references. (WHK)

Marciano, W.J.

1984-12-01

299

Elementary particle theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The present state of the art in elementary particle theory is reviewed. Topics include quantum electrodynamics, weak interactions, electroweak unification, quantum chromodynamics, and grand unified theories. 113 references

1984-01-01

300

Introduction to percolation theory  

CERN Multimedia

Percolation theory deals with clustering, criticallity, diffusion, fractals, phase transitions and disordered systems. This book covers the basic theory for the graduate, and also professionals dealing with it for the first time

Stauffer, Dietrich

1991-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Combinatorics and field theory  

CERN Document Server

For any given sequence of integers there exists a quantum field theory whose Feynman rules produce that sequence. An example is illustrated for the Stirling numbers. The method employed here offers a new direction in combinatorics and graph theory.

Bender, C M; Meister, B K; Bender, Carl M.; Brody, Dorje C.; Meister, Bernhard K.

2006-01-01

302

Wikipedia: Graph Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on the knowledge of the people, Wikipedia presents this site on graph theory. Here, the history, problems, and applications of graph theory are explained, and there are links to other print and online resources for more information.

1969-12-31

303

Linear gravitational theories  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

It is shown that linear metrical gravitational theory based on one tensor field of second order which satisfies the weak-equivalence principle is equivalent to, in linear approximation, general theory of relativity.

Pandey, S.N.; Finkelstein, A.M. (AN SSSR, Pulkovo. Special Astrophysical Observatory)

1983-10-15

304

Theory Presentation Combinators  

CERN Multimedia

We motivate and give semantics to theory presentation combinators as the foundational building blocks for a scalable library of theories. The key observation is that the category of contexts and fibered categories are the ideal theoretical tools for this purpose.

Carette, Jacques

2012-01-01

305

Uncertainty theory. 2. ed.  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Uncertainty theory is a branch of mathematics based on normality, monotonicity, self-duality, and countable subadditivity axioms. The goal of uncertainty theory is to study the behavior of uncertain phenomena such as fuzziness and randomness. The main topics include probability theory, credibility theory, and chance theory. For this new edition the entire text has been totally rewritten. More importantly, the chapters on chance theory and uncertainty theory are completely new. This book provides a self-contained, comprehensive and up-to-date presentation of uncertainty theory. The purpose is to equip the readers with an axiomatic approach to deal with uncertainty. Mathematicians, researchers, engineers, designers, and students in the field of mathematics, information science, operations research, industrial engineering, computer science, artificial intelligence, and management science will find this work a stimulating and useful reference. (orig.)

Liu Baoding [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China). Uncertainty Theory Lab.

2007-07-01

306

Bi-local theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a short review on selected themes of bi-local theories which have been developed mainly in our institute since 1970. A small introduction to Yukawa's original idea on the bi-local theory is also given. (author)

2003-01-01

307

Problems in particle theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Areas of emphasis include acceleration algorithms for the Monte Carlo analysis of lattice field and gauge theories, quaternionic generalizations of complex quantum mechanics and field theory, application of the renormalization group to the QCD phase transition, the quantum Hall effect, and black holes. Other work involved string theory, statistical properties of energy levels in integrable quantum systems, baryon asymmetry and the electroweak phase transition, anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background, and theory of superconductors.

1993-01-01

308

Topological field theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We begin with a general discussion of topological field theories, their defining properties, and classification. The first model we consider in detail (section 3) is supersymmetric quantum mechanics. Topological sigma models, their observables, and the associated mathematics of complex geometry and intersection theory are presented in section 4. Following this, topological gauge theories are discussed in section 5, with particular emphasis on Donaldson theory. The matematics here is necessarily much more sophisticated than at any other point in this report, and to bridge this gap, a mathematical review of gauge theory and moduli spaces has been included. An analysis of the geometry underlying Donaldson theory gives a general recipe for constructing field theories associated to moduli spaces in arbitrary dimensions, and as an example, we analyze in detail the super BF theories associated with flat connections. Chern-Simons theory and related BF models are the subject of section 6. The connections with knot theory are briefly reviewed and the link with 2D conformal field theory is sketched. We also consider 3D gravity from the Chern-Simons point of view. A presentation of the metric and gauge theory approaches to topological gravity in two dimensions is given. As in all quantum field theories, the issues of renormalization needs to be addressed, and one is obliged to show that the formal topological properties of these theories survive quantization. This point is considered in section 8. We present a detailed analysis of the beta function in certain Witten type theories, and compute one-loop effects in Chern-Simons theory. (orig./HSI).

1991-01-01

309

Massive spin-2 theories  

CERN Document Server

We give an introduction to massive spin-2 theories (including massive gravity) and the problem of their non-linear completion. We review the Boulware-Deser ghost problem and two ways to circumvent classic no-go theorems. In turn, massive spin-2 theories are not uniquely defined. In the case of truncated theories, we show that the Boulware-Deser ghost may only be avoided if the derivative structure of the theory is not tuned to be Einsteinian.

Folkerts, Sarah; Wintergerst, Nico

2013-01-01

310

Supersymmetric gauge theories from string theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This thesis presents various ways to construct four-dimensional quantum field theories from string theory. In a first part we study the generation of a supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory, coupled to an adjoint chiral superfield, from type IIB string theory on non-compact Calabi-Yau manifolds, with D-branes wrapping certain sub-cycles. Properties of the gauge theory are then mapped to the geometric structure of the Calabi-Yau space. Even if the Calabi-Yau geometry is too complicated to evaluate the geometric integrals explicitly, one can then always use matrix model perturbation theory to calculate the effective superpotential. The second part of this work covers the generation of four-dimensional super-symmetric gauge theories, carrying several important characteristic features of the standard model, from compactifications of eleven-dimensional supergravity on G2-manifolds. If the latter contain conical singularities, chiral fermions are present in the four-dimensional gauge theory, which potentially lead to anomalies. We show that, locally at each singularity, these anomalies are cancelled by the non-invariance of the classical action through a mechanism called 'anomaly inflow'. Unfortunately, no explicit metric of a compact G2-manifold is known. Here we construct families of metrics on compact weak G2-manifolds, which contain two conical singularities. Weak G2-manifolds have properties that are similar to the ones of proper G2-manifolds, and hence the explicit examples might be useful to better understand the generic situation. Finally, we reconsider the relation between eleven-dimensional supergravity and the E8 x E8-heterotic string. This is done by carefully studying the anomalies that appear if the supergravity theory is formulated on a ten-manifold times the interval. Again we find that the anomalies cancel locally at the boundaries of the interval through anomaly inflow, provided one suitably modifies the classical action. (author)

2005-01-01

311

Noncommutative Gauge Theories: Model for Hodge theory  

CERN Multimedia

The nilpotent BRST, anti-BRST, dual-BRST and anti-dual-BRST symmetry transformations are constructed in the context of noncommutative (NC) 1-form as well as 2-form gauge theories. The corresponding Noether's charges for these symmetries on the Moyal plane are shown to satisfy the same algebra as by the de Rham cohomological operators of differential geometry. The Hodge decomposition theorem on compact manifold is also studied. We show that noncommutative gauge theories are field theoretic models for Hodge theory.

Upadhyay, Sudhaker

2013-01-01

312

Theories of fermion masses  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present grand unified theories in which the quark masses and mixing angles are calculated in terms of the lepton masses through simple group theory. The theories contain no small Yukawa couplings. A favored value of the top quark mass is 35 GeV.

Bagger, J.; Dimopoulos, S.; Georgi, H.; Raby, S.

1984-05-01

313

Constructivist Grounded Theory?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractI refer to and use as scholarly inspiration Charmaz’s excellent article on constructivist grounded theory as a tool of getting to the fundamental issues on why grounded theory is not constructivist. I show that constructivist data, if it exists at all, is a very, very small part of the data that grounded theory uses.

Barney G. Glaser, PhD, Hon. PhD

2012-01-01

314

Geometric theory of gravitation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The problem of geometric gravitation theory is discussed. An important geometric object - affine connection - is lost in the Einstein gravitation theory. It is noted that the detection of the lost object allows one to make the theory quite geometric. 1 ref.

1989-01-01

315

Activity Theory and Ontology  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper seeks to re-examine Yrio Engestrom's activity theory as a technology of knowledge designed to enable positive transformations of specific practices. The paper focuses on a key paper where Engestrom defines the nature and present state of activity theory. Beginning with a brief account of the relations between activity theory and…

Peim, Nick

2009-01-01

316

Graphs Theory and Algorithms  

CERN Document Server

This adaptation of an earlier work by the authors is a graduate text and professional reference on the fundamentals of graph theory. It covers the theory of graphs, its applications to computer networks and the theory of graph algorithms. Also includes exercises and an updated bibliography.

Thulasiraman, K

2011-01-01

317

Nonequlibrium Renormalization Theory III  

CERN Document Server

In the present paper we develop the general theory of renormalization of some nonequilibrium diagram technique. This technique roughly is the Keldysh diagram technique. To develop our theory we have used the Bogoliubov -Parasiuk R - operation method. Our theory can be used for the studing of the divergences in kinetic equations.

Prokhorenko, D V

2007-01-01

318

On supersymmetric field theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We have defined Fourier transforms in the eight dimensional superspace of x, theta, theta-bar. Using these it is possible to develop superfield theories along the line of conventional field theories in terms of creation and destruction operators. We have used our results to calculate effective potential for chiral superfield theory in one-loop approximation. (author)

1983-01-01

319

Dynasting Theory: Lessons in learning grounded theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article captures the key learning lessons gleaned from the author’s experience learning and developing a grounded theory for his doctoral dissertation using the classic methodology as conceived by Barney Glaser. The theory was developed through data gathered on founders and successors of Malaysian Chinese family-own businesses. The main concern for Malaysian Chinese family businesses emerged as dynasting . the building, maintaining, and growing the power and resources of the business within the family lineage. The core category emerged as dynasting across cultures, where founders and successors struggle to transition from traditional Chinese to hybrid cultural and modernized forms of family business from one generation to the next. The key learning lessons were categorized under five headings: (a) sorting through different versions of grounded theory, (b) educating and managing research stakeholders, (c) embracing experiential learning, (d) discovering the core category: grounded intuition, and (e) recognizing limitations and possibilities.Keywords: grounded theory, learning, dynasting, family business, Chinese

Johnben Teik-Cheok Loy, MBA, MTS, Ph.D.

2011-01-01

320

La theorie autrement (Theory in Another Light).  

Science.gov (United States)

|Outlines a technique using articles from "Le Francais dans le Monde" to teach reading comprehension and theory simultaneously to teachers of French as a second language. Describes a program in Italy using this approach. (MSE)|

Bertocchini, Paola; Costanzo, Edwige

1985-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

f(R) Theories  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Over the past decade, f(R) theories have been extensively studied as one of the simplest modifications to General Relativity. In this article we review various applications of f(R) theories to cosmology and gravity – such as inflation, dark energy, local gravity constraints, cosmological perturbations, and spherically symmetric solutions in weak and strong gravitational backgrounds. We present a number of ways to distinguish those theories from General Relativity observationally and experimentally. We also discuss the extension to other modified gravity theories such as Brans–Dicke theory and Gauss–Bonnet gravity, and address models that can satisfy both cosmological and local gravity constraints.

Antonio De Felice; Shinji Tsujikawa

2010-01-01

322

Model theory and modules  

CERN Multimedia

In recent years the interplay between model theory and other branches of mathematics has led to many deep and intriguing results. In this, the first book on the topic, the theme is the interplay between model theory and the theory of modules. The book is intended to be a self-contained introduction to the subject and introduces the requisite model theory and module theory as it is needed. Dr Prest develops the basic ideas concerning what can be said about modules using the information which may be expressed in a first-order language. Later chapters discuss stability-theoretic aspects of module

Prest, M

1988-01-01

323

History of Atomic Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

Students research websites to find how the atomic theory has developed over the years. Ancient Greek Atoms shapes and sizes Read carefully on this website to find what Democritus thought about the shapes of atoms. Wikibooks Democritus Property of Atoms Atom Builder Atomic Magic Heisenberg (Wave Model Atomic Models PDF Handout Short and sweet and to the point for many of the atomic models used. Atomic Models Webquest Nice pictures of five models plus useful links. Atomic Theories Easy to read Data Table Atomic Theory Atomic Theory Atomic Theory Useful, includes illustration of ...

Mcnees, Mrs.

2010-10-26

324

Free field theory as a string theory?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An approach to systematically implement open-closed string duality for free large N gauge theories is summarised. We show how the relevant closed string moduli space emerges from a reorganization of the Feynman diagrams contributing to free field correlators. We also indicate why the resulting integrand on moduli space has the right features to be that of a string theory on AdS. (author)

2004-01-01

325

Aplicación del diccionario del algoritmo David Liberman para la realización de un estudio comparativo/ The dictionary application in a comparative study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El algoritmo David Liberman ha permitido llevar a cabo un estudio de los actos del habla y de ciertas escenas de fragmentos del texto Despertar de primavera de Frank Wedekind. Se han inferido las mociones del lenguaje de pulsión y sus destinos, estados y funciones, de un personaje adolescente: Wendla y de los vínculos con su madre, una amiga, y un joven llamado Melchor. El análisis, diferenciación e identificación del esfuerzo de ciertos lenguajes de pulsión, destin (more) os, funciones y estados, junto con la indagación de las actividades retóricas que operan como evidencia de los actos del pensar defensivo, han permitido acceder a la comprensión de los efectos del vínculo sacrificial y tóxico, al cual Wendla es convocada por su madre, la Sra. Bergmann, para mantener un precario equilibrio entre ambas, que se exterioriza en los actos del habla y en las escenas conjeturadas. En este contexto se recurre a otro instrumento del Algoritmo para el análisis del discurso de los diversos fragmentos del texto de Wedekind: el diccionario. Se procura efectuar un estudio comparativo entre los resultados obtenidos previamente y los brindados por esta herramienta de trabajo, a fin de establecer similitudes y diferencias, y extraer las conclusiones pertinentes. Abstract in english The David Liberman algorithm has allowed carrying out a study of acts of speech and certain scenes of fragments of the Awakening of Spring by Frank Wedekind. In it were inferred the motions of the drive languages and their destinies, the states and functions of a teenage character: Wendla and the links with her mother, a friend, and a young man named Melchor. The analysis, differentiation and identification of the effort of certain languages of drives, destinies, roles an (more) d states, along with the inquiry of rhetorical activities that operate as evidence of the defensive acts of thought have allowed to achieve an understanding of the effects of the sacrificial and toxic link, in which Wendla is engrossed by her mother, Mrs. Bergmann, to keep a precarious balance between both, that is externalized in the speech acts and inferred scenes. In this context another instrument of the algorithm is appealed to for the analysis of discourse of the various fragments of the Wedekind text: the dictionary. A comparative study between the results obtained previously and those provided by this tool is carried out in order to establish similarities and differences, and draw the pertinent conclusions.

Moreira, Diego

2010-12-01

326

The Practicality of Theory.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The study of medical education has broadened significantly over the past decade to include a wide variety of theoretical frameworks from multiple research domains. There remains a significant misconception, however, that learning theories (largely drawn from cognitive psychology and education) are practical and useful to educators, whereas other types of theory are not. The authors of this commentary reflect on a learning-theory-based model for developing master learners presented by Schumacher and colleagues in this issue of Academic Medicine. They suggest that bioscientific and sociocultural theories can enhance different aspects of that model and provide specific examples from neuropsychophysiology, Foucauldian discourse analysis, and critical theory. Bioscientific and sociocultural theories such as these present medical educators with an exciting array of new methodological and interpretive possibilities. The authors illustrate ways in which these theories can have important practical applications for, and impacts on, the practice of medical education.

Kuper A; Whitehead C

2013-09-01

327

Testing metabolic theories.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Metabolism is the process by which individual organisms acquire energy and materials from their environment and use them for maintenance, differentiation, growth, and reproduction. There has been a recent push to build an individual-based metabolic underpinning into ecological theory-that is, a metabolic theory of ecology. However, the two main theories of individual metabolism that have been applied in ecology-Kooijman's dynamic energy budget (DEB) theory and the West, Brown, and Enquist (WBE) theory-have fundamentally different assumptions. Surprisingly, the core assumptions of these two theories have not been rigorously compared from an empirical perspective. Before we can build an understanding of ecology on the basis of individual metabolism, we must resolve the differences between these theories and thus set the appropriate foundation. Here we compare the DEB and WBE theories in detail as applied to ontogenetic growth and metabolic scaling, from which we identify circumstances where their predictions diverge most strongly. Promising experimental areas include manipulative studies of tissue regeneration, body shape, body condition, temperature, and oxygen. Much empirical work designed specifically with DEB and WBE theory in mind is required before any consensus can be reached on the appropriate theoretical basis for a metabolic theory of ecology.

Kearney MR; White CR

2012-11-01

328

Noncommutative dipole field theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Assigning an intrinsic constant dipole moment to any field, we present a new kind of associative star product, the dipole star product, which was first introduced in [hepth0008030]. We develop the mathematics necessary to study the corresponding noncommutative dipole field theories. These theories are sensible non-local field theories with no IR/UV mixing. In addition we discuss that the Lorentz symmetry in these theories is 'softly' broken and in some particular cases the CP (and even CPT) violation in these theories may become observable. We show that a non-trivial dipole extension of N=4, D=4 gauge theories can only be obtained if we break the SU(4) R (and hence super)-symmetry. Such noncommutative dipole extensions, which in the maximal supersymmetric cases are N=2 gauge theories with matter, can be embedded in string theory as the theories on D3-branes probing a smooth Taub-NUT space with three form fluxes turned on or alternatively by probing a space with R-symmetry twists. We show the equivalences between the two approaches and also discuss the M-theory realization. (author)

2002-01-01

329

David Murray Morton: father figure of surgery at St Vincent's Hospital, bush lawyer and thwarted reformer of the medico-legal system.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

When the first Golden Age of surgery at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne (a period covering the first 25 years of the twentieth century) is discussed, the names that spring to mind are usually those of Sir Thomas Dunhill, Sir Hugh Devine, Sir Douglas Shields and Julian Smith. A name which is often overlooked, and by now almost forgotten, is that of David Murray Morton. Murray -Morton's career both as a medical student, general practitioner, anaesthetist and surgeon coincided with a revolution in the practice of medicine. He witnessed the progression from Listerian antisepsis to asepsis in surgical practice, the improvements in anaesthesia, the introduction of antibiotics and, before he died in 1959, the beginnings of organ transplants and open heart surgery. Morton was fond of saying that he grew up with the hospital. From the time of his first appointment as an anaesthetist in l896 to the time of his retirement from St Vincent's as senior surgeon in 1931, Morton, admired by all as a highly competent surgeon and a man of incorruptible probity, can rightly be described as the father figure of surgery during the formative years of St Vincent's Hospital. His innate sense of justice and fair play formed the basis of his distinguished tenure of the Presidency of the Medical Defence Association of Victoria, where his constructive attempts at reform of the medico-legal system were only thwarted by the predictable opposition of the legal profession and politicians.

Vellar ID

2002-08-01

330

David Murray Morton: father figure of surgery at St Vincent's Hospital, bush lawyer and thwarted reformer of the medico-legal system.  

Science.gov (United States)

When the first Golden Age of surgery at St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne (a period covering the first 25 years of the twentieth century) is discussed, the names that spring to mind are usually those of Sir Thomas Dunhill, Sir Hugh Devine, Sir Douglas Shields and Julian Smith. A name which is often overlooked, and by now almost forgotten, is that of David Murray Morton. Murray -Morton's career both as a medical student, general practitioner, anaesthetist and surgeon coincided with a revolution in the practice of medicine. He witnessed the progression from Listerian antisepsis to asepsis in surgical practice, the improvements in anaesthesia, the introduction of antibiotics and, before he died in 1959, the beginnings of organ transplants and open heart surgery. Morton was fond of saying that he grew up with the hospital. From the time of his first appointment as an anaesthetist in l896 to the time of his retirement from St Vincent's as senior surgeon in 1931, Morton, admired by all as a highly competent surgeon and a man of incorruptible probity, can rightly be described as the father figure of surgery during the formative years of St Vincent's Hospital. His innate sense of justice and fair play formed the basis of his distinguished tenure of the Presidency of the Medical Defence Association of Victoria, where his constructive attempts at reform of the medico-legal system were only thwarted by the predictable opposition of the legal profession and politicians. PMID:12190734

Vellar, Ivo D

2002-08-01

331

Diversidad, distribución de la comunidad de insectos acuáticos y calidad del agua de la parte alta-media del río David, provincia de Chiriquí, república de Panamá  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se determinó la calidad del agua, la diversidad y distribución de los insectos acuáticos en la parte alta­media del río David, Chiriquí, Panamá, de enero a mayo de 2005. Las muestras se recolectaron con pinzas entomológicas para obtener los insectos refugiados bajo rocas y en hojarasca, y una red triangular (D­ net) para capturar los insectos nadadores en la superficie y en la columna de agua, barridos de fondo y la vegetación marginal sumergida. Los especímenes se colocaron en alcohol al 70% con unas gotas de glicerina. La comunidad de insectos acuáticos consistió de 91 géneros agrupados en 48 familias, pertenecientes a 9 órdenes de la Clase Insecta. El Índice de Diversidad de Shannon­ Weaver fue de 2.75, lo que demuestra una alta diversidad en este ecosistema. Los géneros Eurygerris sp. y Rhagovelia sp. fueron los más abundantes. El Índice de Similitud de Jaccard mostró la mayor similitud entre las estaciones 3 y 4 con un 53.7%, y la menor entre las estaciones 2 y 4, con un 34.7% de similitud. El índice biotico BMWP/Col. presentó valores de 189, 245, 245 y 190 en la estaciones 1, 2, 3 y 4, respectivamente. Estos valores lo ubican dentro de la Clase de agua I, e indica que las aguas son de buena calidad y que están libres de contaminación o poco alteradas.

Pino Selles Roberto; Bernal Vega Juan Antonio

2011-01-01

332

A geological study of three Manville Sand Reservoirs - Chauvin South (Sparky A and B), Provost (Upper Manville B), and BODO David (Lloydminster A)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Three Mannville sand reservoirs of east central Alberta were selected when examining the application of specific enhanced oil recovery processes: Chauvin South - Sparky A and B (polymer application), Provost - Upper Mannville B (steam stimulation), and David - Lloydminster A (polymer flooding). In each case, the project started with a geological study of the reservoir. In this report, the results of the geological studies of the three pools are presented. Emphasis has been placed on reservoir petrology and reservoir geometry, with information derived from core studies and scanning electron microscopy. Stratigraphically, the three reservoir sands examined all belong to the Lower Cretaceous Mannville Group, and the pools are in close geographical proximity. However, these sands were deposited under different conditions, and little similarity can be anticipated between them in terms of reservoir behavior. The geometry of a pool is based on a partly hypothetical interpretation of the geology using scattered well data. For a mathematician who is building a numerical model of the pool, an understanding of both physical concepts and interpretive uncertainties facilitates realistic adjustments of uncertain parmeters during the course of history matching. A comparison of the pools studied is made to emphasize some of the differences in types of interwell communication that can be anticipated. 14 refs., 76 figs.

Gross, A.A.

1981-01-01

333

EXPLORING THE NARRATIVE ART OF DAVID WI-ESNER: USING A GRAMMAR OF VISUAL DESIGN AND LEARNING EXPERIENCES ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper discusses the use of ‘a grammar of visual design’ with children’s literature. This ‘visual grammar’ is an account of the meaning-making resources of images that has been developed by Gunther Kress and Theo van Leeuwen. The basic ideas of the visual grammar are firstly illustrated with a de-scription of images mainly selected from the picture book, Zoo by the British author, Anthony Browne. The focus is then on the picture books of David Wiesner and the ways in which the grammar of visual design can be used to enhance discussions of the author’s visual narrative techniques. What is proposed here is that developing students’ understanding of the Kress and van Leeuwen concepts of visual design will allow them to engage in more productive analysis of the pictorial aspects of Wiesner’s and other artists’ picture books, both in book format and in the readily available websites with activities using Wi-esner’s and others’ picture book art.

LEN UNSWORTH; ISABEL ORTIGAS

2008-01-01

334

Congo, de missie en de literatuur: over David van Reybrouck, J. G. Schoup en Amaat Vyncke/ Congo, the mission and the literature  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Abstract in english Missionaries played an important role in the colonisation of the Congo. They brought Christianity and "civilisation" to the new colony in central Africa, which was ruled over by the Belgian King Leopold II from 1885 to 1908 and by the Belgian government from 1908 to 1960. Missionaries were active in the field of education, but they also left their mark on colonial literature, both as authors and as protagonists. This article explores the traces of the missionaries in the (more) literature on the Congo. Father Amaat Vyncke was an early example of a missionary and author, just as Father Garmijn and Father Constant de Deken. These missionaries provided a positive assessment on the colonial system in their writings. Writers like Ad. Verreet and J. G. Schoup used missionaries as protagonists in their novels. Schoup portrayed a sympathetic missionary who sharply criticised the colonial system. After the colonial period Jef Geeraerts painted a very negative image of the missionary in his Gangreen novels. However, the travel books written by Lieve Joris and Bart Castelein and the play Missie (Mission) written by David van Reybrouck (2007) sketched a positive and nostalgic image of the missionary.

Bel, Jacqueline

2009-01-01

335

Is string theory true?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

String theory allows physicists to unify the 4 basic interactions, gravity included. This theory assumes that each elementary particle is represented by a string that vibrates in a 9-dimension space. One success of this theory concerns black holes. In 1997 a group of physicists developed a model based on string theory that yielded a theoretical result that had been discovered 20 years earlier: any black hole is a low intensity source of radiation due to quantum processes. String theory lacks experimental confirmations but some predictions could be tested in the LHC (large hadron collider) that is planned to be put in service in 2005. String theory implies supersymmetry, it means that each particle has a counterpart particle called sparticle that is much heavier, these sparticles might be detected in the next generation of particle accelerators. (A.C.)

2001-01-01

336

Variational transition state theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In recent years our research group has made a systematic effort to study the validity of transition state theory (TST). We have found that the conventional theory is sometimes remarkably accurate, but in many other cases it leads to large errors. Fortunately we have found that a much more reliable theory that has many of the advantages of conventional TST can also be formulated, and it can be applied to practical problems with an effort that is much closer to that required for conventional transition state theory than to that required for quantal dynamics calculations. The two most important features in the improved approach to transition state theory state theory are the variational determination of the transition state and the incorporation of tunneling contributions by multidimensional semiclassical approximations. 13 refs.

Truhlar, D.G.

1990-01-01

337

Children's theories of motivation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To investigate children's theories of motivation, we asked 166 children (8-12 years of age) to rate the effect of various motivational strategies on task interest, over the short and long terms, in activities described as appealing or unappealing. Children viewed the rewards strategy as resulting in greatest interest except when implemented over the long term for appealing activities. Individual difference analyses revealed that some children held operant theories of motivation, in which rewards were central, and others held hybrid theories, in which rewards were key, but some allowance was made for interest to be self-sustaining in the absence of inducements. Children's theories predicted their academic self-regulation. Their theories are discussed relative to an expert theory of motivation.

Gurland ST; Glowacky VC

2011-09-01

338

Group field theories  

CERN Document Server

Group field theories are particular quantum field theories defined on D copies of a group which reproduce spin foam amplitudes on a space-time of dimension D. In these lecture notes, we present the general construction of group field theories, merging ideas from tensor models and loop quantum gravity. This lecture is organized as follows. In the first section, we present basic aspects of quantum field theory and matrix models. The second section is devoted to general aspects of tensor models and group field theory and in the last section we examine properties of the group field formulation of BF theory and the EPRL model. We conclude with a few possible research topics, like the construction of a continuum limit based on the double scaling limit or the relation to loop quantum gravity through Schwinger-Dyson equations

Krajewski, Thomas

2012-01-01

339

David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye and Bruce W. Menning, eds., Reforming the Tsar's Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution, Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center and Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available David Schimmelpenninck and Bruce Menning have produced an excellent volume collecting contributions of a number of both well-established and junior scholars on the history and development of the tsarist military, grouped together around the general theme of reform. In some ways, it is comparable to Eric Lohr and Marshall Poe's complementary The Military and Society in Russia, 1450-1917 (Leiden, 2002). Schimmelpenninck and Menning's contributors, however, focus more on political and institutio...

David Stone

2006-01-01

340

Chiral perturbation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

After a general introduction to the structure of effective field theories, the main ingredients of chiral perturbation theory are reviewed. Applications include the light quark mass ratios and pion-pion scattering to two-loop accuracy. In the pion-nucleon system, the linear ? model is contrasted with chiral perturbation theory. The heavy-nucleon expansion is used to construct the effective pion-nucleon Lagrangian to third order in the low-energy expansion, with applications to nucleon Compton scattering. (author).

1996-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Introduction to superstring theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS{sub 5} x S5. (author)

Nunez, Carmen [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Buenos Aires (Argentina)], e-mail: carmen@iafe.uba.ar

2009-07-01

342

Introduction to superstring theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS5 x S5. (author)

2009-01-01

343

Quantum defect theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this review of the foundations of the quantum defect theory, properties of Coulomb functions are discussed in some detail and outline sketches are given of relevant topics in collision theory and radiative theory. One-channel and many-channel QDT are discussed separately. Applications to the following problems are considered: resonances, atomic collision calculations, systems with two energy levels of the ion core, helium, other rare gases, alkaline earths and other atomic systems, molecular hydrogen, dielectronic recombination.

Seaton, M.J. (University Coll., London (UK). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy)

1983-02-01

344

Matrix String Theory  

CERN Document Server

Via compactification on a circle, the matrix model of M-theory proposed by Banks et al suggests a concrete identification between the large N limit of two-dimensional N=8 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and type IIA string theory. In this paper we collect evidence that supports this identification. We explicitly identify the perturbative string states and their interactions, and describe the appearance of D-particle and D-membrane states.

Dijkgraaf, R; Verlinde, Herman L

1997-01-01

345

Screening sensitivity theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A comprehensive rigorous theory is developed for screening sensitivity coefficients in largescale modeling applications. The theory uses Bayesian inference and group theory to establish a probabilistic framework for solving an underdetermined system of linear equations. The underdetermined problem is directly related to statistical screening sensitivity theory as developed in recent years. Several examples of the new approach to screening are worked out in detail and comparisons are made with statistical approaches to the problem. The drawbacks of these latter methods are discussed at some length.

Oblow, E.M.; Perey, F.G.

1984-08-01

346

Theory of superconductivity  

CERN Document Server

This book discusses the most important aspects of the theory. The phenomenological model is followed by the microscopic theory of superconductivity, in which modern formalism of the many-body theory is used to treat most important problems such as superconducting alloys, coexistence of superconductivity with the magnetic order, and superconductivity in quasi-one-dimensional systems. It concludes with a discussion on models for exotic and high temperature superconductivity. Its main aim is to review, as complete as possible, the theory of superconductivity from classical models and methods up t

Crisan, Mircea

1989-01-01

347

Information systems theory  

CERN Document Server

The overall mission of this book is to provide a comprehensive understanding and coverage of the various theories and models used in IS research. Specifically, it aims to focus on the following key objectives: To describe the various theories and models applicable to studying IS/IT management issues. To outline and describe, for each of the various theories and models, independent and dependent constructs, reference discipline/originating area, originating author(s), seminal articles, level of analysis (i.e. firm, individual, industry) and links with other theories. To provide a critical revie

Dwivedi, Yogesh K; Schneberger, Scott L

2011-01-01

348

Empirical comparison of theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The book represents the first, comprehensive attempt to take an empirical approach for comparative assessment of theories in sociology. The aims, problems, and advantages of the empirical approach are discussed in detail, and the three theories selected for the purpose of this work are explained. Their comparative assessment is performed within the framework of several research projects, which among other subjects also investigate the social aspects of the protest against nuclear power plants. The theories analysed in this context are the theory of mental incongruities and that of the benefit, and their efficiency in explaining protest behaviour is compared. (orig./HSCH).

1990-01-01

349

Worldviews for Design Theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

I suspect that the growing 'body' of design theory may be infected by more inconsistency than is justifiable by genuine disagreement among design researchers. Taking my clue from Peirce, who argued that theory inevitably rests on basics metaphysical assumptions that theorists ought to be critically aware of, I demonstrate how 'insidious inconsistency ' may infect design theory if we ignore this admonition. As a possible remedy, I propose a method by which the philosophy of design may develop sound methaphysical foundations ('worldviews') for design theory - and obtain philosophical insights into design as a valuable side effect.

Galle, Per

2006-01-01

350

Tornado plasma theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The formation mechanism and plasma theory of tornado are proposed. Tornado is considered as a gas discharge. Electrical fields, currents, electromagnetic forces and velocities fields have been obtained

2008-01-01

351

Reinterpretation of Skyrme Theory  

CERN Document Server

Based on the proposal that the Skyrme theory is a theory of monopoles, we study the role of monopoles in topological objects of the theory. We show that the baby skyrmion can be viewed as a chromomagnetic vortex of monopole-antimonopole pair infinitely separated apart, and identify the Faddeev-Niemi knot as a twisted magnetic vortex ring made of a helical baby skyrmion with the periodic ends connected together. This leads us to a reinterpretation of Skyrme theory, that the theory is (not an effective theory of QCD but more properly) an effective theory which is dual to QCD where the monopoles (not the quarks) are confined through the Meissner effect. This dual picture leads us to predict the existence of a topological glueball in QCD, a chromoelectric knot which is dual to the chromomagnetic Faddeev-Niemi knot, whose mass is estimated to be around 50 GeV. More importantly, the existence of the magnetic vortex and the magnetic vortex ring in Skyrme theory strongly indicates that the theory could actually be in...

Bae, W S; Park, B S

2004-01-01

352

Wild Quiver Gauge Theories  

CERN Document Server

We study N=2 supersymmetric SU(2) gauge theories coupled to non-Lagrangian superconformal field theories induced by compactifying the six dimensional A_1 (2,0) theory on Riemann surfaces with irregular punctures. These are naturally associated to Hitchin systems with wild ramification whose spectral curves provide the relevant Seiberg-Witten geometries. We propose that the prepotential of these gauge theories on the Omega-background can be obtained from the corresponding irregular conformal blocks on the Riemann surfaces via a generalization of the coherent state construction to the case of higher order singularities.

Bonelli, Giulio; Tanzini, Alessandro

2011-01-01

353

Theory of electroelasticity  

CERN Multimedia

Theory of Electroelasticity analyzes the stress, strain, electric field and electric displacement in electroelastic structures such as sensors, actuators and other smart materials and structures. This book also describes new theories such as the physical variational principle and the inertial entropy theory. It differs from the traditional method by using the physical variational principle to derive the governing equations of the piezoelectric material, whereas the Maxwell stress is obtained automatically. By using the inertial entropy theory, the temperature wave equation is obtained very eas

Kuang, Zhen-Bang

2013-01-01

354

Noncommutative Dipole Field Theories  

CERN Document Server

Assigning an intrinsic constant dipole moment to any field, we present a new kind of associative star product, the dipole star product, which was first introduced in [hep-th/0008030]. We develop the mathematics necessary to study the corresponding noncommutative dipole field theories. These theories are sensible non-local field theories with no IR/UV mixing. In addition we discuss that the Lorentz symmetry in these theories is ``softly'' broken and in some particular cases the CP (and even CPT) violation in these theories may become observable. We show that a non-trivial dipole extension of N=4, D=4 gauge theories can only be obtained if we break the SU(4) R (and hence super)-symmetry. Such noncommutative dipole extensions, which in the maximal supersymmetric cases are N=2 gauge theories with matter, can be embedded in string theory as the theories on D3-branes probing a smooth Taub-NUT space with three form fluxes turned on or alternatively by probing a space with R-symmetry twists. We show the equivalences ...

Das-Gupta, K

2002-01-01

355

Portfolio Theory Forward Testing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Portfolio Theory has during many decades been considered as the holy grail of investment despite the fact that very few empirical studies in the public domain have shown that portfolio theory outperforms a random equal weighted portfolio. We will in this paper empirically investigate how successful portfolio theory is when it comes to generating large positive returns with low return volatility. The dataset that is used consists of approximately 4000 US stocks. We find weak support that portfolio theory by itself would have generated any returns different than a random portfolio allocation. In general optimized historical cumulative returns are not the same as forward cumulative returns.

Marcus Davidsson

2013-01-01

356

String Theory and Gauge Theories (Strings, Gravity, and the Large N Limit of Gauge Theories)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We will see how gauge theories, in the limit that the number of colors is large, give string theories. We will discuss some examples of particular gauge theories where the corresponding string theory is known precisely, starting with the case of the maximally supersymmetric theory in four dimensions which corresponds to ten dimensional string theory. We will discuss recent developments in this area.

Maldacena, Juan (Princeton)

2002-02-20

357

Generic probabilistic theories : reconstruction of quantum theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This thesis is a collection of projects done under supervision of Prof. Caslav Brukner. It is divided into two main chapters. First part is based on the instrumental approach to quantum mechanics with the main objective to identify and mark the exclusive features of quantum theory in a broad class of probabilistic theories. The second part investigates the non-classical features of quantum mechanics including quantum statistics, quantum correlations and quantum simulations. It is fair to say that we still lack intuitive clear and broadly accepted physical principles that are a groundbasis of quantum theory. This shortfall is the main reason for todays coexistence of various interpretations of quantum theory, some of which even use mutually exclusive concepts. One of the main objectives in the first chapter was to specify theories that describe systems with fundamentally limited information content and therefore necessarily give a probabilistic description. With 'limited information content of the system' we understand a fundamental restriction on how much information about the state preparation can be decoded in the measurement. What was found is the whole hierarchy of theories that share this property with quantum and classical probability theory. The two theories separate from the full class of the probabilistic theories by adopting additional assumptions: locality and reversibility. With the 'locality' principle we assume that a global state of a composite system can be learned trough the statistics of individual systems, whereas the 'reversibility' principle states that any two pure state can be connected by a reversible transformation. Finally, quantum theory is separated by the requirement that the set of reversible transformations is continuous. In addition, one of the basic quantum concepts, the complementarity principle was investigated through so- called mutually unbiased bases relating them to the known mathematical problem of orthogonal Latin squares. A plausible classical description of quantum statistics requires counterintuitive concepts such as 'quantum non-locality' and contextuality'. The part of the second chapter deals with another question, i.e. the 'cost' in terms of resources for a plausible classical description. It was found that classical simulation of quantum statistics requires a polynomial number of classical resources (hidden-variables) in terms of number of measurement settings. Furthermore, the model confirms, in a proper limit, the known result that quantum mechanics is indeed the most optimal description of itself. Quantum correlations are responsible for 'quantum non-locality', as well as computational speedups and quantum information processing. There are examples of quantum information tasks that do not necessarily require entanglement. Therefore it is fair to say that 'quantumness' of the correlations is not equivalent to entanglement. The part of the second chapter deals with the question of 'non-classicality' of quantum correlations, captured by quantum discord. The main result gives an experimentally friendly necessary and sufficient condition for non-zero quantum discord. Furthermore the analysis of the resources in a mixed-state quantum computation scenario is provided and shows that the role of quantum discord in quantum information processing still remains unclear. Finally, the part of the last chapter investigates quantum simulations, both theoretically and experimentally. Quantum simulators provide a platform to mimic the dynamics of another quantum system that is infeasible for simulations on a classical computer. What is presented is the framework for the experimental realization of a small-size photonic quantum simulator that is capable of simulating a frustrated spin tetramer. The full dynamics and simulation of the ground state adiabatic evolution is achieved by employing entangled photon pairs, tunable quantum gates and measurement induced nonlinearities. (author)

2011-01-01

358

Schema Theory Revisited  

Science.gov (United States)

|During the 1970s, schema theory gained prominence as reading researchers took up early work by cognitive scientists to explore the role of schemas in reading. In the 1980s and '90s, the field shifted as researchers increasingly used sociocultural theories, particularly the work of L. S. Vygotsky, to frame investigations of literacy. This article…

McVee, Mary B.; Dunsmore, Kailonnie; Gavelek, James R.

2005-01-01

359

Theory of Mott insulators  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Reviewed is a conceptual picture of Mott insulators, based on strong spin-orbital polarization in unrestricted Hartree-Fock theory with screened intra-atomic parameters. This picture is used to interpret recent work. Implications for the shortcomings of local-density band theory are discussed.

Brandow, B.

1987-01-01

360

Theory of bridge aerodynamics  

CERN Multimedia

Intended for studies in structural dynamics or wind engineering, this book focuses on the stochastic theory of wind induced dynamic response calculations for slender bridges or other line- like civil engineering type of structures. It contains examples of relevant cases, useful for the understanding and the practical application of the theory.

Strømmen, Einar

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Twistor string theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently a new string theory, which is propagating in the twistor space and so called twistor string, is getting a lot of attention as a theory reproducing perturbative (supersymmetric) QCD amplitudes. In this note I briefly introduce the twistor string and explain how it reproduces the perturbative amplitudes. (author)

2007-01-01

362

Modular Theory and Geometry  

CERN Multimedia

In this letter we present some new results on modular theory and its application in quantum field theory. In doing this we develop some new proposals how to generalize concepts of geometrical action. Therefore the spirit of this letter is more on a programmatic side with many details remaining to be elaborated.

Schrör, B

2000-01-01

363

Graph Lambda Theories  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A longstanding open problem in lambda calculus is whether there exist continuous models of the untyped lambda calculus whose theory is exactly lambda-beta or the the least sensible lambda-theory H (generated by equating all the unsolvable terms). A related question, raised recently by C. Berline, is...

Bucciarelli, Antonio; Salibra, Antonino

364

Theory of surface waves  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This chapter reviews the theory of surface waves from a basic standpoint. First the fundamental theory is discussed for varying degrees of complexity (such as crystal anisotropy, interfaces, overlayers, and piezoelectricity) and then some of the experiments that give basic information on the spectrum of surface waves are examined

1986-01-01

365

Introduction to gauge theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In these lectures we present the key ingredients of theories with local gauge invariance. We introduce gauge invariance as a starting point for the construction of a certain class of field theories, both for abelian and nonabelian gauge groups. General implications of gauge invariance are discussed, and we outline in detail how gauge fields can acquire masses in a spontaneous fashion. (orig./HSI)

1983-06-22

366

Topological Domain Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis presents Topological Domain Theory as a powerful and flexible framework for denotational semantics. Topological Domain Theory models a wide range of type constructions and can interpret many computational features. Furthermore, it has close connections to established frameworks for denot...

Battenfeld, Ingo

367

New theories of gravity  

CERN Multimedia

We propose a new point of view for interpreting Newton's and Einstein's theories of gravity. By taking inspiration from Continuum Mechanics and its treatment of anisotropies, we formulate new theories of gravity. These models are simple and natural generalisations with many interesting properties. Above all, their precise form can, in principle, be determined experimentally.

Boehmer, Christian G

2013-01-01

368

Fluxbranes in String Theory  

CERN Document Server

A flux p-brane in D dimensions has (p+1)-dimensional Poincare invariance and a nonzero rank (D-p-1) field strength tangent to the transverse dimensions. We find a family of such solutions in string theory and M-theory and investigate their properties.

Gutperle, M; Gutperle, Michael; Strominger, Andrew

2001-01-01

369

Nonrational conformal field theory  

CERN Multimedia

We discuss the problem to develop a mathematical theory of a certain class of nonrational conformal field theories (CFT) which contain the unitary CFT. A variant of the concept of a modular functor is proposed that appears to be suitable for such CFT.

Teschner, J

2008-01-01

370

Smile Theory of Everything  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available I would like to thank everything in this universe which is trying to make this place a better place to live. This report is all about “Smile Theory of Everything (SToE)”. In this theory the same thing is given in different formats.

Satish Gajawada

2012-01-01

371

Nuclear theory progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report discusses research performed at University of Washington in nuclear theory. Some of the topics discussed are: nuclear astrophysics; symmetry; time reversal invariance; quark matter; superallowed beta decay; exclusive reactions; nuclear probes; soliton model; relativistic heavy ion collisions; supernova explosions; neutrino processes in dense matter; field theories; weak interaction physics; and nuclear structure

1991-01-01

372

Teaching Visual Grounded Theory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper is based on personal 20-years experience of teaching methodology of grounded theory and qualitative methods. In the following paper I would like to show the usefulness of visual analysis in teaching methodology of grounded theory. A very important tool is to use pictures and a sequenc...

Konecki, Krzysztof Tomasz

373

Entanglement in Theory Space  

CERN Multimedia

We propose a new concept of entanglement for quantum systems: entanglement in theory space. This is defined by decomposing a theory into two by an un-gauging procedure. We provide two examples where this newly-introduced entanglement is closely related with conventional geometric entropies: deconstruction and AGT-type correspondence.

Yamazaki, Masahito

2013-01-01

374

Einstein-Aether Theory  

CERN Document Server

We review the status of "Einstein-Aether theory", a generally covariant theory of gravity coupled to a dynamical, unit timelike vector field that breaks local Lorentz symmetry. Aspects of waves, stars, black holes, and cosmology are discussed, together with theoretical and observational constraints. Open questions are stressed.

Eling, C; Mattingly, D

2004-01-01

375

Invariant Descriptive Set Theory  

CERN Multimedia

Bringing together techniques from various areas of mathematics, this book presents an introduction to the basic concepts, methods, and results of invariant descriptive set theory. It reviews descriptive set theory; studies Polish groups and their actions; and covers Borel reducibility results on Borel, orbit, and definable equivalence relations.

Gao, Su

2008-01-01

376

Hedonic price theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper discusses direct and indirect techniques being used to estimate economic consequences of proximity to existing or proposed public facilities. The hedonic price theory, an indirect technique is described. The use of the hedonic price theory and the issue of transferability to radioactive waste facilities are addressed.

1990-01-01

377

Research on laser theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This book covers the proceedings of the Lebedev Physics Institute. The topics included are: Dynamical stochasticity and lasers; Theoretical analysis of oxygen-iodine chemical lasers; The theory of active media in excimer lasers; Lasers operating at the cascade transitions of linear triatomic molecules; and The Theory of ring quantum-mechanical oscillators in a magnetic field of arbitrary direction.

Orayevskiy, A.N.

1988-01-01

378

Theory of relativity revisited  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A clear-cut and definitive experiment is outlined to test the theory of relativity. Wave versus particle theory, infinite to finite, the foundations, nonsimulaniety, inertia and acceleration, and space--time curvature are treated. Essays are included on the uncertainty principle, invariance, and four-dimensional analysis. 64 references

1978-01-01

379

Theory is personal.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In "Theory Is Personal," Allen Siegel MD, a Chicago psychoanalyst and Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychiatry at Rush University Medical Center, shares the very personal story of how he came to his theory. Sometimes we find our theory. Other times, Siegel argues, it is our theory that finds us. In this article Siegel catalogues his early encounters with figures--contemporary and real--from Sigmund Freud to influential department chairs to an analyst who would become legendary for introducing a bold new theory into the psychoanalytic canon. Charting key experiences that shaped his adoption of this new approach--a depression in response to his first patient, a clinical treatment with Heinz Kohut, and exposure to others who dared to challenge Freud--Siegel describes the theory that brought both himself and his patients to life. After outlining the principles that guide the new theory and practice known as self psychology, Siegel tells of the empathic ambiance that can now emerge in the consulting room. Finally, he shows how this new theory of human motivation provides not merely a rationale for psychotherapy but an explanatory apparatus for understanding human action in the world beyond the consulting room. He turns to a brief study of aggression and war, as expressed in a 1932 correspondence between Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud, to illustrate how the understanding of aggression and war changes significantly when empathy is the field's data collecting instrument.

Siegel AM

2009-04-01

380

Reconstructing quantum theory  

CERN Multimedia

We discuss how to reconstruct quantum theory from operational postulates. In particular, the following postulates are consistent only with for classical probability theory and quantum theory. Logical Sharpness: There is a one-to-one map between pure states and maximal effects such that we get unit probability. This maximal effect does not give probability equal to one for any other pure state. Information Locality: A maximal measurement is effected on a composite system if we perform maximal measurements on each of the components. Tomographic Locality: The state of a composite system can be determined from the statistics collected by making measurements on the components. Permutability: There exists a reversible transformation on any system effecting any given permutation of any given maximal set of distinguishable states for that system. Sturdiness: Filters are non-flattening. To single out quantum theory we need only add any requirement that is inconsistent with classical probability theory and consistent w...

Hardy, Lucien

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

The Grounded Theory Bookshelf  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Grounded Theory Perspective III: Theoretical Coding, Barney G. Glaser (Sociology Press, 2005). Not intended for a beginner, this book further defi nes, describes, and explicates the classic grounded theory (GT) method. Perspective III lays out various facets of theoretical coding as Glaser meticulously distinguishes classic GT from other subsequent methods. Developed many years after Glaser’s classic GT, these methods, particularly as described by Strauss and Corbin, adopt the grounded theory name and engender ongoing confusion about the very premises of grounded theory. Glaser distinguishes between classic GT and the adscititious methods in his writings, referring to remodeled grounded theory and its offshoots as Qualitative Data Analysis (QDA) models.

Dr. Alvita Nathaniel, DSN, APRN, BC

2005-01-01

382

Polyhedral adjunction theory  

CERN Multimedia

In this paper we give a combinatorial view on the adjunction theory of toric varieties. Inspired by classical adjunction theory of polarized algebraic varieties we define two convex-geometric notions: the Q-codegree and the nef value of a rational polytope P. We define the adjoint polytope P^(s) as the set of those points in P, whose lattice distance to every facet of P is at least s. We prove a structure theorem for lattice polytopes with high Q-codegree. If P^(s) is empty for some s < 2/(dim(P)+2), then P has lattice width one. This has consequences in Ehrhart theory and on polarized toric varieties with dual defect. We remark that polyhedral adjunction theory even works in cases where the canonical divisor is not Q-Cartier. Moreover, we illustrate how classification results in adjunction theory can be translated into new classification results for lattice polytopes.

Di Rocco, Sandra; Nill, Benjamin; Paffenholz, Andreas

2011-01-01

383

EDUCATION IN ECONOMIC THEORY  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper aims to show the evolution of the role and importance of education in economic theory, especially in theoretical approaches to economic development after World War II. In order to find answers and to present a current issue - why and how certain countries have made progress while others have regressed in the development process, many theories and models explaining processes of growth and development have emerged and developed. By applying the method of analysis, synthesis and comparison, and based on earlier works, classification of theories of development has been made to analyze the evolution process of the role and importance of education in the development process. Presentation of the classification theory refers to: theories of economic development (the classical theory and contemporary models of development and underdevelopment) and theories of interdependence of education and development (theory of human capital, human development and approach to the returns on investment in education). This paper presents the basic settings, ideas and thoughts of the key authors of these theories and models and the role of education and human capital in these theoretical approaches. Research has shown that the analysis of interdependence of education and economic development has been the subject of interest of researchers for many decades and that today, taking into account the high degree of development of theoretical approaches, there is no full commitment to the classic theories nor there is a unified approach to endogenous growth, but an approach that promotes the elements of both, considering education as the key factor of development of the 21st century.

Jasmina Osmankovi?; Hatidža Jahi?; Ensar Šehi?

2011-01-01

384

Development testing of the chemical analysis automation polychlorinated biphenyl standard analysis method during surface soils sampling at the David Witherspoon 1630 site  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Chemical Analysis Automation (CAA) project is developing standardized, software-driven, site-deployable robotic laboratory systems with the objective of lowering the per-sample analysis cost, decreasing sample turnaround time, and minimizing human exposure to hazardous and radioactive materials associated with DOE remediation projects. The first integrated system developed by the CAA project is designed to determine polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) content in soil matrices. A demonstration and development testing of this system was conducted in conjuction with surface soil characterization activities at the David Witherspoon 1630 Site in Knoxville, Tennessee. The PCB system consists of five hardware standard laboratory modules (SLMs), one software SLM, the task sequence controller (TSC), and the human-computer interface (HCI). Four of the hardware SLMs included a four-channel Soxhlet extractor, a high-volume concentrator, a column cleanup, and a gas chromatograph. These SLMs performed the sample preparation and measurement steps within the total analysis protocol. The fifth hardware module was a robot that transports samples between the SLMs and the required consumable supplies to the SLMs. The software SLM is an automated data interpretation module that receives raw data from the gas chromatograph SLM and analyzes the data to yield the analyte information. The TSC is a software system that provides the scheduling, management of system resources, and the coordination of all SLM activities. The HCI is a graphical user interface that presents the automated laboratory to the analyst in terms of the analytical procedures and methods. Human control of the automated laboratory is accomplished via the HCI. Sample information required for processing by the automated laboratory is entered through the HCI. Information related to the sample and the system status is presented to the analyst via graphical icons.

1998-01-01

385

Development testing of the chemical analysis automation polychlorinated biphenyl standard analysis method during surface soils sampling at the David Witherspoon 1630 site  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Chemical Analysis Automation (CAA) project is developing standardized, software-driven, site-deployable robotic laboratory systems with the objective of lowering the per-sample analysis cost, decreasing sample turnaround time, and minimizing human exposure to hazardous and radioactive materials associated with DOE remediation projects. The first integrated system developed by the CAA project is designed to determine polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) content in soil matrices. A demonstration and development testing of this system was conducted in conjuction with surface soil characterization activities at the David Witherspoon 1630 Site in Knoxville, Tennessee. The PCB system consists of five hardware standard laboratory modules (SLMs), one software SLM, the task sequence controller (TSC), and the human-computer interface (HCI). Four of the hardware SLMs included a four-channel Soxhlet extractor, a high-volume concentrator, a column cleanup, and a gas chromatograph. These SLMs performed the sample preparation and measurement steps within the total analysis protocol. The fifth hardware module was a robot that transports samples between the SLMs and the required consumable supplies to the SLMs. The software SLM is an automated data interpretation module that receives raw data from the gas chromatograph SLM and analyzes the data to yield the analyte information. The TSC is a software system that provides the scheduling, management of system resources, and the coordination of all SLM activities. The HCI is a graphical user interface that presents the automated laboratory to the analyst in terms of the analytical procedures and methods. Human control of the automated laboratory is accomplished via the HCI. Sample information required for processing by the automated laboratory is entered through the HCI. Information related to the sample and the system status is presented to the analyst via graphical icons.

Hunt, M.A.; Klatt, L.N.; Thompson, D.H. [and others

1998-02-01

386

Work plan for the removal and subsequent management of specific waste from David Witherspoon, Inc., Knoxville, Tennessee. Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Programs  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) and the Department of Energy (DOE) have made the determination that approximately 258 drums of waste and 10 open-top boxes of waste now located at the site known as David Witherspoon, Inc., (DWI) in south Knoxville, Tennessee, should be repackaged as necessary and transferred to the K-25 Site in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for management. This work plan addresses the four phases of activity planned and the methods of accomplishment The lint phase will consist of an assessment to determine requirements for managing the waste. Items to be investigated include site access, site conditions, personal protective equipment, waste characterization needs, packaging and labeling, transportation, receipt and storage of the waste at the K-25 Site, and site controls and monitoring required during the packaging operations to be conducted at DWI. The second phase will include mobilization of on-site support and operating facilities, sampling and transferral of a randomly selected representative fraction of the 232 drums now stored on-site in sea/land containers to storage facilities at the K-25 Site, and sampling of the waste now stored in the 26 drums inside the main process building and the 10 open-top boxes of waste stored outside and adjacent to the building. The third phase will include repackaging and transferral of the 26 drums and 10 boxes of waste to the K-25 Site and placement of the containerized waste into appropriate storage at the K-25 Site. Participants in the fourth phase of activity will demobilize the support and operating facilities from DWI, conduct an on-site evaluation at the K-25 site to verify compliance with storage and other management requirements, prepare a closeout report for the activity assessing the actions, and develop a plan for the final management method for the waste.

1993-01-01

387

Clichés français sur la Suède – étude de la réception en Suède de La délicatesse de David Foenkinos et de son adaptation cinématographique  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available : Le roman La délicatesse de David Foenkinos, comme son adaptation au grand écran, comporte un grand nombre de clichés éculés sur la Suède et les Suédois. Dans cet article, nous étudions de plus près les réactions du public suédois face à cette image stéréotypée. Un public suédois aura, cela va de soi, une toute autre « pré-représentation » de l’identité suédoise qu’un public français et c’est la raison pour laquelle il est intéressant d’essayer de savoir si les critiques et blogueurs suédois que nous avons consultés acceptent une image stéréotypée d’eux-mêmes ou si, et dans le cas échéant, comment, ils s’y opposent. D’une part, il existe des critiques qui apprécient la manière dont l’auteur se moque du personnage principal, un Suédois dépressif et maladroit. D’autre part, nous retrouvons des avis extrêmement négatifs face à ce portrait peu flatteur de la Suède. Certains s’opposent également à ce qu’une relation entre deux personnes qui, à première vue, n’ont rien en commun, soit une Française élégante et un Suédois peu attirant, surprenne et choque autant. Pour un nombre significatif de blogueurs ayant rédigé un compte rendu du livre, le thème suédois ne semble cependant pas, en lui-même, très important, ce qui n’est peut-être pas vraiment surprenant dans la mesure où les éléments ‘suédois’ servent avant tout à marquer la différence entre les deux personnages principaux. On remarque néanmoins que les lecteurs et spectateurs suédois cherchent à savoir pourquoi l’auteur se sert de ces lieux communs même lorsqu’eux-mêmes pensent qu’ils ne correspondent pas à la réalité

Elisabeth Bladh; Cecilia Alvstad,; Mårten Ramnäs

2012-01-01

388

Imagining Exodus for Israel-Palestine: Reading the Secular and the Sacred, Diaspora and Homeland, in Edward Said and David Grossman  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper takes as its starting point Edward Said's distinction between 'religious' and 'secular' modes of cultural affiliation. As these simultaneously diverging and converging modes also trammel the particular grounds of thinking that have been Said's natural target of criticism - Zionism - his work speaks particularly powerfully to the debate surrounding the religious genealogy of Jewish identity. This paper argues that Said's interventions on Zionism highlight as problematic the position whereby the 'Ingathering of the Exiles' is promoted as coexisting with a 'diasporic consciousness' nurtured by Judaism during exile; messianic hopes of religious Jews cannot be reconciled with physical return to the Promised Land; identity circumscribed by ethnicity and place cannot stand in as exemplary for the exiled, unsettled and ultimately homeless identity trumpeted by discourses of the 'post', as many contemporary theorists would have it. And yet through an exploration of the writings of David Grossman, whose construction of Jewish identity is envisaged through the regulating, competing and collaborating tropes of Zionism and Diaspora, I argue that this position is crucial for the elaboration of Israeli identity. I also argue that in fact there is room within Said's thinking both for the anti-essentialist elaboration of 'homeless' identities as well as 'the permission to narrate' an identity politics, and that his own distinction between the 'secular' and the 'religious' begins to disassemble. I explore this blurring of the sacred and the secular through the prism of Exodus - as both concept and narrative. This paper suggests that it is precisely Said's achievement to embody these tensions between religion and its other, divine providence and human agency, historical materialism and postmodernism, alienation and its perennially tempting opposite: home.

Anna Hartnell

2005-01-01

389

Analysis of valve motion after the reimplantation type of valve-sparing procedure (David I) with a new aortic root conduit.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The reimplantation type of valve-sparing procedure does not allow proper reconstruction of the sinuses of Valsalva. We assessed the valve motion after a reimplantation type (David I) of valve-sparing procedure using a new Dacron conduit that incorporates sinuses of Valsalva. METHODS: Nine consecutive patients undergoing an aortic valve-sparing procedure using the new conduit were studied using two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography shortly (2 +/- 1 months) after operation to determine root distensibility, expressed as percent change in radius and as pressure strain of the elastic modulus. Next, monodimensional view was used to assess valve motion in its various phases (rapid valve opening velocity, slow closing leaflet displacement, rapid valve closing velocity, maximal leaflet displacement, and leaflet displacement before valve closure). Seven healthy individuals served as control subjects. RESULTS: Root distensibility was reduced at the level of the annulus and sinotubular junction but was similar to control subjects at the level of the sinuses (percent change in radius, 4.1% +/- 0.8% versus 4.5% +/- 1.2%; pressure strain of the elastic modulus, 1,286 +/- 674 g/cm2 versus 1,195 +/- 628 g/cm2). Rapid valve opening (69 +/- 34.4 cm/s versus 51 +/- 11.9 cm/s) and closing (47.6 +/- 16 cm/s versus 36.4 +/- 9 cm/s) velocity as well as slow closing leaflet displacement (24% +/- 4.7% versus 22.1% +/- 7.9%), maximal leaflet displacement (20.1 +/- 4 mm versus 22.7 +/- 1.9 mm), and leaflet displacement before valve closure (15.2 +/- 3 mm versus 17.6 +/- 0.8 mm) were similar to control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The new aortic root conduit used in a reimplantation type of valve-sparing procedure allows the anatomic reconstruction of the aortic root with leaflet motion similar to that of normal subjects.

De Paulis R; De Matteis GM; Nardi P; Scaffa R; Bassano C; Chiariello L

2002-07-01

390

Some Aspects of Ring Theory  

CERN Multimedia

S. Amitsur: Associative rings with identities.- I.N. Herstein: Topics in ring theory.- N. Jacobson: Representation theory of Jordan algebras.- I. Kaplansky: The theory of homological dimension.- D. Buchsbaum: Complexes in local ring theory.- P.H. Cohn: Two topics in ring theory.- A.W. Goldie: Non-commutative localisation.

Herstein, IN

2011-01-01

391

Gauge field theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This lecture is devoted to the discussion of gauge field theory permitting from the single point of view to describe all the interactions of elementary particles. The authors used electrodynamics and the Einstein theory of gravity to search for a renormgroup fixing a form of Lagrangian. It is shown that the gauge invariance added with the requirement of the minimum number of arbitraries in Lagrangian fixes unambigously the form of the electromagnetic interaction. The generalization of this construction for more complicate charge spaces results in the Yang-Mills theory. The interaction form in this theory is fixed with the relativity principle in the charge space. A quantum scheme of the Yang-Mills fields through the explicit separation of true dynamic variables is suggested. A comfortable relativistically invariant diagram technique for the calculation of a producing potential for the Green functions is described. The Ward generalized identities have been obtained and a procedure of the elimination of ultraviolet and infrared divergencies has been accomplished. Within the framework of QCD (quantum-chromodynamic) the phenomenon of the asymptotic freedom being the most successful prediction of the gauge theory of strong interactions was described. Working methods with QCD outside the framework of the perturbation theory have been described from a coupling constant. QCD is represented as a single theory possessing both the asymptotical freedom and the freedom retaining quarks

1980-12-19

392

Management Design Theories  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper elaborates a design science approach for management planning anchored to the concept of a management design theory. Unlike the notions of design theories arising from information systems, management design theories can appear as a system of technological rules, much as a system of hypotheses or propositions can embody scientific theories. The paper illus trates this form of management design theories with three grounded cases. These grounded cases include a software process improvement study, a user involvement study, and an organizational change study. Collectively these studies demonstrate how design theories founded on technological rules can not only improve the design of information systems, but that these concepts have great practical value for improving the framing of strategic organi zational design decisions about such systems. Each case is either grounded in an empirical sense, that is to say, actual practice, or it is grounded to practices described extensively in the practical literature. Such design theories will help managers more easily approach complex, strategic decisions.

Pries-Heje, Jan; Baskerville, Richard L.

393

On geometrized gravitation theories  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

General properties of the geometrized gravitation theories have been considered. Geometrization of the theory is realized only to the extent that by necessity follows from an experiment (geometrization of the density of the matter Lagrangian only). Aor a general case the gravitation field equations and the equations of motion for matter are formulated in the different Riemann spaces. A covariant formulation of the energy-momentum conservation laws is given in an arbitrary geometrized theory. The noncovariant notion of ''pseudotensor'' is not required in formulating the conservation laws. It is shown that in the general case (i.e., when there is an explicit dependence of the matter Lagrangian density on the covariant derivatives) a symmetric energy-momentum tensor of the matter is explicitly dependent on the curvature tensor. There are enlisted different geometrized theories that describe a known set of the experimental facts. The properties of one of the versions of the quasilinear geometrized theory that describes the experimental facts are considered. In such a theory the fundamental static spherically symmetrical solution has a singularity only in the coordinate origin. The theory permits to create a satisfactory model of the homogeneous nonstationary Universe

1977-01-01

394

Finite discrete field theory  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We discuss the physical meaning and the geometric interpretation of implementation in classical field theories. The origin of infinities and other inconsistencies in field theories is traced to fields defined with support on the light cone; a finite and consistent field theory requires a light-cone generator as the field support. Then, we introduce a classical field theory with support on the light cone generators. It results on a description of discrete (point-like) interactions in terms of localized particle-like fields. We find the propagators of these particle-like fields and discuss their physical meaning, properties and consequences. They are conformally invariant, singularity-free, and describing a manifestly covariant (1 + 1)-dimensional dynamics in a (3 = 1) spacetime. Remarkably this conformal symmetry remains even for the propagation of a massive field in four spacetime dimensions. We apply this formalism to Classical electrodynamics and to the General Relativity Theory. The standard formalism with its distributed fields is retrieved in terms of spacetime average of the discrete field. Singularities are the by-products of the averaging process. This new formalism enlighten the meaning and the problem of field theory, and may allow a softer transition to a quantum theory. (author) 6 refs., 3 figs.

Souza, Manoelito M. de [Espirito Santo Univ., Vitoria, ES (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica

1997-12-31

395

Model Quantum Field Theories.  

Science.gov (United States)

Some model quantum field theories of interest in elementary particle physics are studied. The first is a theory of a photon interacting with scalar, spinor and/or vector fields with arbitrary gauge-invariant interactions, in 2 + 1 dimensions. It is shown that to all orders in perturbation theory, all corrections to the topological mass term (beyond the known one-loop correction) vanish identically. The second model is explored for the possibility that non-topological solitons called "Q-balls" can exist in the chiral Lagrangian used to describe the eight light mesons. It was discovered that they could exist for reasonable sizes of the higher order terms in the chiral Lagrangian. They are approximately stable because they carry strangeness, hence the name "K-balls." The last model is a theory of fermions on the lattice in which exciting numerical results were obtained by Weingarten and Velikson. They seemed to be demonstrating a chirally invariant way of defining a single fermion species on the lattice. A major element of their approach was destroying the regularity of the lattice with a random external field. The external field also destroys hermiticity. It is shown that their numerical results cannot be understood by doing perturbation theory in the size of the fluctuations in the external field. The results are also re-examined in a framework which goes beyond perturbation theory by finding self-consistent equations for the fermion propagator. In this framework, the conclusions of the perturbation theory are confirmed.

Hill, Brian Russell

396

Set theory and physics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Inasmuch as physical theories are formalizable, set theory provides a framework for theoretical physics. Four speculations about the relevance of set theoretical modeling for physics are presented: the role of transcendental set theory (i) in chaos theory, (ii) for paradoxical decompositions of solid three-dimensional objects, (iii) in the theory of effective computability (Church-Turing thesis) related to the possible {open_quotes}solution of supertasks,{close_quotes} and (iv) for weak solutions. Several approaches to set theory and their advantages and disadvantages for physical applications are discussed: Cantorian {open_quotes}naive{close_quotes} (i.e., nonaxiomatic) set theory, contructivism, and operationalism. In the author`s opinion, an attitude, of {open_quotes}suspended attention{close_quotes} (a term borrowed from psychoanalysis) seems most promising for progress. Physical and set theoretical entities must be operationalized wherever possible. At the same time, physicists should be open to {open_quotes}bizarre{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}mindboggling{close_quotes} new formalisms, which need not be operationalizable or testable at the time of their creation, but which may successfully lead to novel fields of phenomenology and technology.

Svozil, K. [Univ. of Technology, Vienna (Austria)

1995-11-01

397

Benchmarks with diffusion theory and transport theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The multiplication factor and some spectral indices for five critical assemblies (ZPR-6-7, ZPR-3-11, GODIVA, BIG-TEN and FLATTOP) are calculated by Diffusion and Transport Theory, with group constants generated by MC2 (for diffusion calculations) and by NJOY (for transport calculations). The discrepancies encountered in the ZPR-6-7 spectra, can be tracked to the large differences in the elastic cross section for Iron, calculated by MC2 and NJOY. (Author).

1984-01-01

398

Cosmology Theory and Observations  

CERN Document Server

The comparison of the Standard Cosmological Model (SCM) with astronomical observations, i.e. theory versus experiment, and with the Minimal Standard Model (MSM) in particle physics, i.e. theory versus theory, is discussed. The main issue of this talk is whether cosmology indicates new physics beyond the standard $SU(3)\\times SU(2)\\times U(1)$ model with minimal particle content. The answer to this question is strongly and definitely "YES". New, yet unknown, physics exists and cosmology presents very weighty arguments in its favor.

Dolgov, A D

1998-01-01

399

Dirac Kirchhoff diffraction theory  

CERN Multimedia

Kirchhoff's scalar diffraction theory is applied throughout photon and electron optics. It is based on the stationary electromagnetic or Schr\\"odinger wave equation, and is useful in describing interference phenomena for both light and matter waves. Here, Kirchhoff's diffraction theory is derived from the relativistic Dirac equation, thus reformulated to work on Dirac spinors. The parallels with the "classic" scalar theory are highlighted, and a basic interpretation of the result obtained for the Fraunhofer diffraction limit is given. The goal of this paper is to emphasize the similarity between the two equations on the most fundamental level.

Van Boxem, Ruben; Verbeeck, Jo

2013-01-01

400

Psychagogic art theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The text represents a specific approach to Gorgias' Praise to Helen. Instead of considering it as a cradle of art theory of illusion (apate) or some kind of rhetoric acrobatic feat in which Gorgia praises the blameworthy, author considers Praise to Helen as first aesthetic text in European philosophy in which fine arts and poetry had been connected by means of one notion - notion of psychagogia, and looks upon it as a foundation of art theory that could be denoted as theory of psychagogia.

Draški?-Vi?anovi? Iva

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Economic Selection Theory  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The present article provides a minimal description of the causal structure of economic selection theory and outlines how the internal selection dynamics of business organisations can be reconciled with selection in competitive markets. In addition to generic similarity in terms of the Darwinian principles of variation, continuity and selection, it is argued that economic selection theory should mimic the causal structure of neo-Darwinian theory. Two of the most influential explanations of economic evolution, Alchian's and Nelson and Winter's, are used to illustrate how this could be achieved.

Knudsen, ThorbjØrn

2003-01-01

402

Massive IIA string theory and Matrix theory compactification  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] We propose a Matrix theory approach to Romans' massive Type IIA supergravity. It is obtained by applying the procedure of Matrix theory compactifications to Hull's proposal of the massive Type IIA string theory as M-theory on a twisted torus. The resulting Matrix theory is a super-Yang-Mills theory on large N three-branes with a space-dependent noncommutativity parameter, which is also independently derived by a T-duality approach. We give evidence showing that the energies of a class of physical excitations of the super-Yang-Mills theory show the correct symmetry expected from massive Type IIA string theory in a lightcone quantization

2003-09-08

403

Invariants from classical field theory  

CERN Multimedia

We introduce a method that generates invariant functions from classical field theories depending on external parameters. We apply our method to several field theories such as abelian BF, Chern-Simons and 2-dimensional Yang-Mills theory.

Diaz, Rafael

2007-01-01

404

Almost quantum theory  

CERN Multimedia

Modal quantum theory (MQT) is a "toy model" of quantum theory in which amplitudes are elements of a general field. The theory predicts, not the probabilities of a measurement result, but only whether or not a result is possible. In this paper we review MQT and extend it to include mixed states, generalized measurements and open system dynamics. Even though MQT does not have density operators, superoperators or any concept of "positivity", we can nevertheless establish a precise analogue to the usual representation theorem for CP maps. We also embed MQT in a larger class of modal theories. We show that the possibility assignments for separate measurements on a bipartite system in MQT are always weakly consistent with some probability assignment that respects the no-signalling principle.

Schumacher, Benjamin

2012-01-01

405

Lattice gauge theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Monte Carlo simulation methods for quantum field theory on a lattice are motivated and applications to quantum chromodynamics are discussed. The extraction of physical information concerning confinement, asymptotic freedom and hadronic masses is described. (orig.).

1983-06-22

406

Particle theory and cosmology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report discusses research of professor at Bartol research institute in the following general areas: particle phenomenology and non-accelerator physics; particle physics and cosmology; theories with higher symmetry; and particle astrophysics and cosmology

1991-01-01

407

Nonlocality in string theory  

CERN Multimedia

We discuss an aspect of string theory which has been tackled under many different perspectives, but incompletely: the role of nonlocality in the theory and its relation with the geometric shape of the string. In particular, we will describe in quantitative terms how one can zoom out an extended object such as the string so that, at sufficiently large scales, it appears structureless. Since there are no free parameters in free string theory, the notion of large scales will be univocally determined. In other words, we will be able to answer the question: How and at which scale can the string be seen as a particle? In doing so, we will employ the concept of spectral dimension in a new way with respect to its usual applications in quantum gravity. The operational notions of worldsheet and target spacetime dimension in string theory are also clarified and found to be in mutual agreement.

Calcagni, Gianluca

2013-01-01

408

Lepton Flavour Violation Theory  

CERN Multimedia

I discuss theoretical and phenomenological aspects of flavour violation in charged lepton transitions. This includes minimal extensions of the Standard Model within effective-theory approaches, as well as an incomplete selection of concrete new physics models.

Feldmann, Thorsten

2011-01-01

409

Discrete Noncommutative Gauge Theory  

CERN Multimedia

A review of the relationships between matrix models and noncommutative gauge theory is presented. A lattice version of noncommutative Yang-Mills theory is constructed and used to examine some generic properties of noncommutative quantum field theory, such as UV/IR mixing and the appearence of gauge-invariant open Wilson line operators. Morita equivalence in this class of models is derived and used to establish the generic relation between noncommutative gauge theory and twisted reduced models. Finite dimensional representations of the quotient conditions for toroidal compactification of matrix models are thereby exhibited. The coupling of noncommutative gauge fields to fundamental matter fields is considered and a large mass expansion is used to study properties of gauge-invariant observables. Morita equivalence with fundamental matter is also presented and used to prove the equivalence between the planar loop renormalizations in commutative and noncommutative quantum chromodynamics.

Szabó, R J

2001-01-01

410

Finite Temperature Matrix Theory  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We present the way the Lorentz invariant canonical partition function forMatrix Theory as a light-cone formulation of M-theory can be computed. Weexplicitly show how when the eleventh dimension is decompactified, the N = 1eleven dimensional SUGRA partition function appears. We also provide a hightemperature expansion which captures some structure of the canonical partitionfunction when interactions amongst D-particles are on. The connection with thesemi-classical computations thermalizing the open superstrings attached to a Dparticleis also clarified through a Born-Oppenheimer approximation. Some ideasabout how Matrix Theory would describe the complementary degrees of freedomof the massless content of eleven dimensional SUGRA are discussed. Commentsabout possible connections to black hole physics are also made.1E-mail address: laucelli, osorio, jesus@string1.ciencias.uniovi.es1 IntroductionIt has been intense the attention that the proposal known as Matrix Theory [1, ...

Marco Laucelli Meana; M. A. R. Osorio

411

Theory of Directed Polymers  

CERN Multimedia

We develop a theory of polymers in a nematic solvent by exploiting an analogy with two-dimensional quantum bosons at zero temperature. We argue that the theory should also describe polymers in an {\\sl isotropic} solvent. The dense phase is analyzed in a Bogoliubov-like approximation, which assumes a broken symmetry in the phase of the boson order parameter. We find a stiffening of the longitudinal fluctuations of the nematic field, calculate the density-density correlation function, and extend the analysis to the case of ferro- and electrorheological fluids. The boson formalism is used to derive a simple hydrodynamic theory which is indistinguishable from the corresponding theory of polymer nematics in an isotropic solvent at long wavelengths. We also use hydrodynamics to discuss the physical meaning of the boson order parameter. A renormalization group treatment in the dilute limit shows that logarithmic corrections to polymer wandering, predicted by de Gennes, are unaffected by interpolymer interactions. A ...

Kamien, R D; Nelson, D R

1992-01-01

412

Stable Map Theory  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Map theory (MT) is a foundation of mathematics which is based on-calculus instead of logic and has at least the same expressive power asZFC set theory. This paper presents "stable map theory" which is mucheasier to learn, teach and comprehend than "original map theory" from1992. Pedagogical simplicity is important since MT is a candidate for acommon foundation of classical mathematics and computer science. MThas the benefit that it allows a complete integration of classical mathematicsand computer science. As a particular example, the free mixing ofquantification and general recursion has many applications.The long list of well-foundedness axioms in the original version (whichcorresponds to the list of proper axioms of ZFC) has been replaced by asingle definition of "classicality" in the stable version. Furthermore, thestable version has been enhanced by axioms of stability, minimality offixed points and a particular kind of extensionality. The stability axiomrepresents ...

Klaus Grue

413

Quantum String Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

String theories seem to have created a breakthrough in theoretical physics. At long last a unified theory of all the fundamental interactions, including gravity, looks possible. This, according to theorist Stephen Hawking, will mark the end of theoretical physics as we have known it, since we will then have a single consistent theory within which to explain all natural phenomena from elementary particles to galactic superclusters. Strings themselves are extremely tiny entities, smaller than the Planck scale, which form loops whose vibrational harmonics can be used to model all the standard elementary particles. Of course the mathematical complexities of the theory are daunting, and physicists are still at a very early stage in understanding how strings and their theoretical cousins superstrings can be used. This proceedings volume gives an overview of the intense recent work in the field and reports latest developments.

Kawamoto, Noboru; Kugo, Taichiro

414

Canonical Floquet Perturbation Theory.  

Science.gov (United States)

Classical Floquet theory is examined in order to generate a canonical transformation to modal variables for periodic system This transformation is considered canonical if the periodic matrix of eigenvectors is symplectic at the initial time. Approaches fo...

D. J. Pohlen

1992-01-01

415

Theory of Superconductivity  

CERN Document Server

A theory of superconductivity based on the pairing of two electrons bound by a phonon for any type of superconductor material is developed. A general equation, from which the fundamental properties of the superconductor are obtained, is derived. The theory is reached in the frame of self-consistent field equations for any natural or artificial solid where free electrons can exist. The necessity that the electrons must be coupled by phonons for the existence of the superconducting state is also justified; arriving to a general conclusion: the superconductivity theory is based only on the theoretical concepts used to carry out the electron-phonon interaction and more concretely of the phonons (harmonic or anharmonic theory, low, intermediate and high temperature).

Riera, R

2004-01-01

416

FCJ-118 Faulty Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Faulty Theory proposes a few means by which theory may be operative in media ecology, providing capacities for inducing and experimenting with a range of media dynamics. The article develops accounts of the work of Alfred Jarry and Charles Fort, alongside a discussion of a certain current of thought experiment carried out in cybernetics through the development of robots and other devices by Gordon Pask, Grey Walter and W. Ross Ashby. The article proposes possible resonances between theoretical exploration of the construction of media and Nietzsche’s discussion of perspectivalism in thought in order to recognise theory’s tendencies as a creative, partial and faulty form of mediatic life.

Matthew Fuller

2011-01-01

417

Advancement in Information Foraging Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents the advantages of information foraging theory matched with traditional information retrieval theory and user behavior analysis theory, a search content framework for information foraging theory is described, on a thor- ough review of the two research branches i.e. the basic concept of information foraging theory and the elementary mod- els of information foraging theory, an extended framework is proposed,. Several problems for future research are also identified through.

Shailesh Khapre; M. S. Saleem Basha

2012-01-01

418

Diagnóstico de un paciente con una adicción, una tentativa suicida y estallidos graves de violencia: Una aplicación del algoritmo David Liberman (adl) a una entrevista clínica/ Diagnosis of a patient with an addiction, a suicidal attempt and serious outbursts of violence: An application of the David Liberman algorithm (dla) to a clinical interview  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Este trabajo investiga de manera sistemática los procesos psíquicos (considerados como combinaciones entre pulsiones y defensas y su estado) e intersubjetivos) en un paciente, en el cual se combinan el consumo, una tentativa suicida y la violencia, junto con otras manifestaciones menos severas. En primer lugar se expone la muestra, constituida por la síntesis de una entrevista enviada generosamente por J.C. Perry y luego se presentan los interrogantes que el trabajo se (more) propone responder, el método de investigación empleado (el algoritmo David Liberman, ADL) y los procedimientos. Como se trata de un estudio diagnóstico, se definen también cómo se lo concibe (articulación entre diferentes corrientes psíquicas y sus cambios, y entre los procesos intrapsíquicos e intersubjetivos durante la entrevista y en la historia del paciente), así como los pasos que resulta necesario seguir. A continuación se analiza extensamente la muestra con dos estrategias diferentes: 1) tener un panorama global de las diferentes corrientes psíquicas, y 2) dar coherencia al conjunto de resultados parciales alcanzados. Por fin se realiza una discusión de los resultados de los análisis y se formulan las conclusiones, que incluyen unos breves comentarios sobre una novedad en cuanto al método de análisis (criterio de articulación entre resultados diferentes). El trabajo aporta además algunas novedades acerca de un modo más económico de exponer los análisis de la entrevista. Abstract in english This paper investigates the psychic processes (considered as combinations between the drives and the defenses and their state) and the intersubjectivity (in the therapeutic exchange) in a patient, in which the consumption, a suicidal attempt and the violence are combined, together with other less severe manifestations. In first place the author exposes the sample, constituted by the synthesis of an interview generously sent by J.C. Perry. Thereafter the author presents th (more) e questions that the paper expects to answer, the method of investigation (the David Liberman algorithm, DLA) and the procedures. As it is a diagnostic study, we also define how it is psychoanalytically conceived (as an articulation between different psychic currents and their changes, and between the intrapsychic and intersubjective processes during the interview and during different periods of the patient's life). After that we analyze extensively the sample with two different strategies: 1) having a global perspective of the interacting psychic currents, and 2) giving coherence to the clusters of our partial results. Finally, the author discusses the outcomes of the analysis and proposes some conclusions, which include some brief comments about an innovation regarding the method of analysis (criterion of articulation between different results). The paper also shows new resources to briefly expose the analysis of the interview.

Maldavsky, David

2009-06-01

419

Leadership styles and theories.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

It is useful for healthcare professionals to be able to identify the leadership styles and theories relevant to their nursing practice. Being adept in recognising these styles enables nurses to develop their skills to become better leaders, as well as improving relationships with colleagues and other leaders, who have previously been challenging to work with. This article explores different leadership styles and theories, and explains how they relate to nursing practice.

Giltinane CL

2013-06-01

420

Theory of nuclear reactions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The book presents a theory of nuclear reaction. An account is given of the nonrelativistic nuclear reaction theory. The R - matrix description of nuclear reactions is considered and the dispersion method is formulated. Mechanisms of nuclear reactions and their relationship are studied in detail. Attention is paid to nuclear reactions involving the compound nuclear formation and to direct nuclear processes. The optical model the diffraction approach and high - energy diffraction nuclear processes involving composite particles are discussed.

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

Generalized chiral perturbation theory  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The Generalized Chiral Perturbation Theory enlarges the framework of the standard ?PT (Chiral Perturbation Theory), relaxing certain assumptions which do not necessarily follow from QCD or from experiment, and which are crucial for the usual formulation of the low energy expansion. In this way, experimental tests of the foundations of the standard ?PT become possible. Emphasis is put on physical aspects rather than on formal developments of G?PT. (author). 31 refs

1994-01-01

422

Density in Approximation Theory  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Approximation theory is concerned with the ability to approximate functions by simpler and more easily calculated functions. The first question we ask in approximation theory concerns the possibility of approximation. Is the given family of functions from which we plan to approximate dense in the set of functions we wish to approximate? In this work, we survey some of the main density results and density methods.

Allan Pinkus

2005-01-01

423

Logic and evaluation theory.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

With this series of papers, evaluators are being called to substantiate the rationale and warrant for their own evaluative actions in ways parallel to how evaluators question the logic of program interventions, both as designed and as implemented. This endeavor is timely, appropriate, and important. In these comments, I raise modest questions about the logical constitution of an evaluation theory and about what is missing from a textual reading alone of such theory.

Greene JC

2013-06-01

424

Phases of Gauge Theories  

CERN Document Server

One of the most fundamental questions we can ask about a given gauge theory is its phase diagram. In the standard model, we observe three fundamentally different types of behavior: QCD is in a confined phase at zero temperature, while the electroweak sector of the standard model combines Coulomb and Higgs phases. Our current understanding of the phase structure of gauge theories owes much to the modern theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena, but has developed into a subject of extensive study. After reviewing some fundamental concepts of phase transitions and finite-temperature gauge theories, we discuss some recent work that broadly extends our knowledge of the mechanisms that determine the phase structure of gauge theories. A new class of models with a rich phase structure has been discovered, generalizing our understanding of the confinement-deconfinement transition in finite-temperature gauge theories. Models in this class have space-time topologies with one or more compact directions. On R^3 ...

Ogilvie, Michael C

2012-01-01

425

Theory of super universe  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A theory has been put forward by the author on Super Universe that there are series of other finite universes in the infinity of space, time, energy and matter. It is shown mathematically that these universes are gravitationally inter-linked and though themselves without outward motion, relativistically internally the masses of each universe are in motion. It is further shown that the Super Universe of energy and matter follows Einstein's Theory of Relativity, but is itself without motion and is at rest. From the above, two sets of theories are deduced: namely (1) The General Theory that there is matter, mass and energy beyond this finite universe, and each universe is in equilibrium, and follows the law of gravitation, and (2) The Theory of Relativity; and his Special theory that the Super Universe continuum follows the 4-dimensional space-time geometry, and as well space-time-mass-temperature-energy 7 dimensional geometry, and is relativistically at rest, though each unit universe is internally in motion. (author)

1975-01-01

426

Constructive Renormalization Theory  

CERN Document Server

These notes are the second part of a common course on Renormalization Theory given with Professor P. da Veiga at X Jorge Andre Swieca Summer School, Aguas de Lindoia, Brazil, February 7-12, 1999. I emphasize the rigorous non-perturbative or constructive aspects of the theory. The usual formalism for the renormalization group in field theory or statistical mechanics is reviewed, together with its limits. The constructive formalism is introduced step by step. Taylor forest formulas allow to perform easily the cluster and Mayer expansions which are needed for a single step of the renormalization group in the case of Bosonic theories. The iteration of this single step leads to further difficulties whose solution is briefly sketched. The second part of the course is devoted to Fermionic models. These models are easier to treat on the constructive level, so they are very well suited to beginners in constructive theory. It is shown how the Taylor forest formulas allow to reorganize perturbation theory nicely in orde...

Rivasseau, V

1999-01-01

427

Coherence, Homotopy and 2-Theories  

CERN Multimedia

2-Theories are a canonical way of describing categories with extra structure. 2-theory-morphisms are used when discussing how one structure can be replaced with another structure. This is central to categorical coherence theory. We place a Quillen model category structure on the category of 2-theories and 2-theory-morphisms where the weak equivalences are biequivalences of 2-theories. A biequivalence of 2-theories (Morita equivalence) induces and is induced by a biequivalence of 2-categories of algebras. This model category structure allows one to talk of the homotopy of 2-theories and discuss the universal properties of coherence.

Yanofsky, N S

2000-01-01

428

David E. Goldberg Liwei Wang  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

An adaptive niching scheme called coevolutionary shared niching (CSN) is proposed,implemented, analyzed and tested. The scheme overcomes the limitations of fixed sharingschemes by permitting the locations and radii of niches to adapt to complex landscapes,thereby permitting a better distribution of solutions in problems with many badly spacedoptima. The scheme takes its inspiration from the model of monopolistic competition ineconomics and utilizes two populations, a population of businessmen and a populationof customers, where the locations of the businessmen correspond to niche locations andthe locations of customers correspond to solutions. Initial results on straightforward testfunctions validate the distributional effectiveness of the basic scheme, although tests on amassively multimodal function do not find the best niches in the allotted time. This resultspurs the design of an imprint mechanism that turns the best customers into businessmen,thereby making better use o...

David E. Goldberg; Liwei Wang

429

Kuidas taasluua minevikku / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Mineviku kirjeldamisega seoses peab silmas pidama sellega kaasnevat ettemääratud piiratust. Ajaloolise tõe väide saab olla pädev vaid kõige üldisemates raamides, jättes detailides vabaduse kõikvõimalikeks oletusteks

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2012-01-01

430

Milleks teatrilavale ajalugu? / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Lavastused Konstantin Pätsist ja Gustav Naanist ajaloolisest taustast lähtudes: Rahvusooperis Estonia etendunud Katri Aaslav-Tepandi ja Tõnu Tepandi dokumentaaldraama "President 1939" Katri Aaslav-Tepandi lavastuses ja Eesti Draamateatris etendunud Enn Vetemaa, Erki Aule ja Merle Karusoo dokumentaallavastus "Sigma Tau-C705" Merle Karusoo lavastuses

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2008-01-01

431

OurTube / David Talbot  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

USA California Ülikooli töötajate Abram Stern'i ja Michael Dale'i poolt 2005. a. algatatud USA kongressis peetud kõnede videoremiksidest ja nende poolt loodud veebisaidist Metavid.org. Ka YouTube keskkonnast ja wikipedia katsetustest muuta oma keskkond multimeedialisemaks

Talbot, David

2009-01-01

432

Emakeelse mõtlemise ülistuseks / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Emakeele tähtsusest. Emakeel sisaldab olnu ja oleva, järjepidevuse igavikulist seost. Vaevalt suudaks eesti rahvas ja riik pikemat aega ilma eesti keeleta püsida. Samas pole emakeel iseenesest eelis, vaid pigem võimalus

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

433

Kuidas määratleda "sõda" / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Nõukogudeaegse ajalookäsitluse üheks peamiseks meetodiks oli lihtsustamine. Eestis väidetavalt käivitunud eetikarevolutsiooni käsitlemine ei erine oma olemuselt nõukogudeaegsest metoodikast. Rooma keiser Septimius Severusest

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

434

Edetabelitest ja eetikast / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Eri pingeread tähendavad erinevaid maailmu. Kuid kui ühiskond jaguneb erinevatesse, vaid omataolistest koosnevatesse gruppidesse, võib see olla vägagi ohtlik. Elades vaid oma maailmas võib kaotada orientatsiooni otsuste vastuvõtmiseks väljapoole seda maailma jäävates küsimustes. Seetõttu osutub sellistest gruppidest koosnev ühiskond võimu poolt kergesti manipuleeritavaks

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

435

Eesti kui ime / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kuidas on säilinud sajandite jooksul eestlaste keel ja iseolemise tahe? Üheks põhjuseks võib olla see, et Eesti on olnud koht, kuhu saatuse tahtel võib sündida, kuid kuhu vabatahtlikult elama ei asuta. 1918. aastal sündis Eesti riik kui kodaniku- ja väärtuste riik. Eesti Iseseisvuse Manifestist

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

436

Ajalugu kui lõppjaam / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Kõik mineviku kangelased ja antikangelased on elanud ja tegutsenud selle nimel, et luua midagi lõplikku ja igavest, kuid ükski 'lõppjaam' , ükski lahendus pole paraku lõplik. Minevikusündmuste interpreteerimisest lähtuvalt hetke 'vahejaamast'

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

437

Kuidas olla Venemaaga / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Suhetes Venemaaga peaks nuputama välja midagi uut, et viia väikese ja suure riigi suhted kinnistunud ebavõrdsuse tasandilt mingile uuele tasandile. Jõulised meetmed Venemaalt lähtuva sihiliku valeinformatsiooni levitamise vastu Eesti lähiajaloo kohta ei aita lahingut võita

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

438

Ajalugu kui nauding / David Vseviov  

Index Scriptorium Estoniae

Ajalugu on pigem naudingut pakkuv kunst kui teadus, kuid minevik võib pakkuda ka lohutust. Mineviku tundmine lubab leida õigustusi ideedele. Et ajalugu on nauding, seda näitab ka ajaloost huvitujate ja ajalooga tegelevate inimeste hulk, sest ajalooga võivad telgeleda kõik, kes tahavad

Vseviov, David, 1949-

2009-01-01

439

Ivo Welch/David Wessels*  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study predicts cross-sectional investment (asset-normalized capital expenditures)innovations within the United States, Canada, Great Britain, (mainland) Europe, andJapan. We find that lagged stock returns are the most important cross-sectional predictorsof investment increases -- except in mainland Europe. American firms tend to react morethan Japanese firms but less than Canadian and British firms. However, the differencesbetween Japanese firms and U.S. firms are small. In contrast, European firms appear toconduct their investment policy without much regard for their own lagged stock performance.1

A Multinational Comparison

440

Critical Theory: Implications for School Leadership Theory and Practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

The school leader's behaviors are inspired by theories, and theories are intrinsic to practice. This paper provides an overview of an emerging perspective in educational administration, critical theory. The paper first highlights the philosophies of Immanuel Kant, Fichte, Hegel, Marx, and the Frankfurt School. It then discusses critical theory…

Peca, Kathy

 
 
 
 
441

Voss, du roman de Patrick White au livret de David Malouf : simple adaptation ou transformation de l’imaginaire national ? Voss, from Patrick White’ s novel to David Malouf’s libretto: a faithful adaptation or a betrayal of White’s imagining of the nation ?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available When a couple of years before Australia’s Bicentenary celebrations, David Malouf accepted the commission from Opera Australia, the Sydney Opera company, to adapt Patrick White’s novel Voss for the operatic stage, he was certainly aware that this meant participating in the Establishment’s efforts to promote a culturally exalted Australian identity on the European model. When the opera was premiered in 1986, the libretto was praised both by the critics and the public for its success in making use of the dramatic potential of the novel and, beyond that, in bringing out the musical possibilities of a style which had often been described as difficult and obscure. This article first undertakes to analyse a few aspects of Malouf’s generic rewriting of the source text, which suggest that insofar as the opera was designed as a monumental celebration to Australian achievement, the libretto does seem to betray, to a certain extent, the novel’s criticism of heroic posturing and complacent patriotism, and to collaborate in the institutional recuperation of what remains a controversial work. However, a closer study of the way in which Malouf writes his own homoerotic poetry into White’s narrative reveals that it subtly contributes to maintaining a truly “post-colonial” ambivalence within the apparent conventionality of the national celebration.

Anne Le Guellec-Minel

2009-01-01