王雷
2008-01-01
<正>A circle is a set of points in the xy- plane that hare a fixed distance r from a fixed point(h,k).The fixed distance r is called the radius,and the fixed point (h,k)is called the center of the circle.
Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Thomsen, Rie; Möller, Jonas;
lifelong guidance policies. This paper presents `research circles´ as a way to develop guidance practices through long-term research relationships between practice and research. Research circles support a bottom up approach to policy development just like ELGPN considers to be necessary and required in...... career guidance development. In the paper we draw on the preliminary findings from an ongoing Nordic project: “The future of career guidance and educational counselling”. Specifically, we explore the career guidance practitioners´ response to research circles as means to professional development. We...... argue that this practicebased way of organizing research facilitates learning, and potentially, qualifies practice. The collaboration between researchers and practitioners in the research circle fosters a joint venture and an academic perspective on practice, which stimulates practitioners to step out...
Ling, Richard; Bjelland, Johannes; Sundsøy, Pål;
2014-01-01
This article examines how we use mobile telephony to maintain our physically and socially closest social circle. The analysis is based on traffic data gathered from Norway using approximately 24 million calls and texts made by private individuals. Previous research has shown that our temporal and...
Camilo Mejía Moncayo; David Fernando Lara Sepúlveda; Ernesto Córdoba Nieto
2010-01-01
This document describes a graphic group technology-based methodology for defining a new layout for an industrial production plant. This methodology (technological kinship circles) sought to optimise an industrial plant’s physical resources and minimise its production lead time through a new layout (i.e. an improvement and standardisation system) (Lara, 2007). The technological kinship circles methodology arose from the need for integrating manufacturing cells with defining their layout; ...
General minisum circle location
Körner, Mark; Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik;
2009-01-01
In our paper we approximate a set of given points by a general circle. More precisely, we consider the problem of locating and scaling the unit ball of some given norm k1 with respect to xed points on the plane such that the sum of weighted distances between the circle and the xed points is...... minimized, where the distance is measured by a norm k2. We present results for the general case. In the case that k1 and k2 are both block norms, we are able to identify a nite dominating set in R3 for the problem, which can be obtained as the intersection of cones....
Timorin, Vladlen
2002-01-01
Consider a smooth map from a neighborhood of the origin in a real vector space to a neighborhood of the origin in a Euclidean space. Suppose that this map takes all germs of lines passing through the origin to germs of Euclidean circles, or lines, or a point. We prove that under some simple additional assumptions this map takes all lines passing though the origin to the same circles as a Hopf map coming from a representation of a Clifford algebra does. We also describe a connection between ou...
Bromley, Karen; Faughnan, Michelle; Ham, Susan; Miller, Melissa; Armstrong, Traci; Crandall, Cassandra; Garrison, Julia; Marrone, Nicholas
2014-01-01
This article describes a literature circle of seven pre-service teacher education students who read "Al Capone Shines My Shoes" (G. Choldenko, 2009). Students used the Internet to complete their roles, shared what they learned as they discussed the book, and then wrote about the digital experience. Four themes emerged from an analysis of…
QWL Strategies: Quality Circles.
Martell, Charles; Tyson, John
1983-01-01
Proposes use of quality circles (QCs)--groups of employees who meet to learn and apply techniques for solving problems affecting work or workplace--to involve library employees in decision-making process and improve morale and product/service quality. Basic philosophy, establishment of QC, and QC techniques are noted. Twelve references are…
Locating Problems with Quality Circles.
White, Donald D.; Bednar, David A.
1985-01-01
Five categories of common quality circles problems are identified to help firms anticipate difficulties and avert circle failures. These categories include encountered internal problems, encountered external problems, created internal problems, created external problems, and interface problems. Solutions are suggested. (CT)
Ejsing-Duun, Stine
This chapter analyses the relationship between players, the game world, and the ordinary world in alternative reality games (ARGs) and location-based games (LBGs). These games use technology to create a game world in the everyday scene. The topic of this chapter is the concept of the 'magic circle......', which defines the relationship between play and the ordinary world, and how this concept relates to a new kind of game....
Patrick Francois; Ilia Rainer; Francesco Trebbi
2014-01-01
We posit the problem of an autocrat who has to allocate access to the executive positions in his inner circle and define the career profile of his own insiders. Statically, granting access to an executive post to a more experienced subordinate increases political returns to the post, but is more threatening to the leader in case of a coup. Dynamically, the leader monitors the capacity of staging a coup by his subordinates, which grows over time, and the incentives of trading a subordinate's o...
Deformable templates for circle recognition
An algorithm for the circle recognition, using deformable templates, was carried out and its performance was studied. The displacement of the points from circles and the presence of noise that appear in real situations were taken into account. The deformable templates algorithm is initialized by Hough transform, which performs a rough evaluation of parameters. However due to inefficiency of the standard Hough transform, a new fast Hough transform procedure was proposed with an automatic choice of the appropriate cut on histograms and handling of splitting peaks. Having the approximate number of arms and the corresponding initial values of the parameters from the Hough transform as input, a neural network finds circles with high resolution. To avoid getting stuck into local minima we decrease the interaction between the arms and use the simulated annealing procedure where the system is allowed to thermalize for a sequence of temperature according to the Boltzmann distribution. Besides we penalize the case in which an elastic circle stopped its evolution having not enough points on it. Simulated data were used to study the efficiency of the algorithm depending on such factors as the noise level, displacements of the points from circles, the number of points per circle and the distance between the centre of two overlapped circles. Results show the satisfactory robustness of our algorithm to background contaminations. Then this technique was successfully applied to real data obtained in Au-Pb interactions from the RICH detectors used in CERES/NA45 experiment
Persistence for Circle Valued Maps
Burghelea, Dan; Dey, Tamal K.
2011-01-01
We study circle valued maps and consider the persistence of the homology of their fibers. The outcome is a finite collection of computable invariants which answer the basic questions on persistence and in addition encode the topology of the source space and its relevant subspaces. Unlike persistence of real valued maps, circle valued maps enjoy a different class of invariants called Jordan cells in addition to bar codes. We establish a relation between the homology of the source space and of ...
Transportation Distances on the Circle
Rabin, Julien; Gousseau, Yann
2009-01-01
In this contribution, we study Monge-Kantorovich distances between discrete set of points on the unit circle, when the ground distance between two points x and y on the circle is defined as the L1-shortest path. We first prove that computing a Monge-Kantorovich distance between two given sets of pairwise different points boils down to cut the circle at a well chosen point and to compute the same distance on the real line. This result is then used to prove a formula on the Earth Mover's Distance which is a particular Monge-Kantorovich distance. This formula asserts that the Earth Mover's Distance between two discrete circular normalized histograms can be computed from their cumulative histograms. This formula is used in recent papers on the matching of local features between images, where the Earth Mover's Distance is used to compare circular histograms of gradient orientations.
Feeman, Timothy G.
2011-01-01
We generalize a standard example from precalculus and calculus texts to give a simple description in polar coordinates of any circle that passes through the origin. We discuss an occurrence of this formula in the context of medical imaging. (Contains 1 figure.)
Apollonian circles and hyperbolic geometry
Klén, Riku
2010-01-01
The goal of this paper is to study two basic problems of hyperbolic geometry. The first problem is to compare the hyperbolic and Euclidean distances. The second problem is to find hyperbolic counterparts of some basic geometric constructions such as the construction of the middle point of a hyperbolic geodesic segment. Apollonian circles have a key role in this study.
Digital Storytelling: Reinventing Literature Circles
Tobin, Maryann Tatum
2012-01-01
New literacies in reading research demand the study of comprehension skills using multiple modalities through a more complex, multi-platform view of reading. Taking into account the robust roll of technology in our daily lives, this article presents an update to the traditional literature circle lesson to include digital storytelling and…
Three-manifolds, Foliations and Circles, I
Thurston, William P.
1997-01-01
This paper investigates certain foliations of three-manifolds that are hybrids of fibrations over the circle with foliated circle bundles over surfaces: a 3-manifold slithers around the circle when its universal cover fibers over the circle so that deck transformations are bundle automorphisms. Examples include hyperbolic 3-manifolds of every possible homological type. We show that all such foliations admit transverse pseudo-Anosov flows, and that in the universal cover of the hyperbolic case...
Locating a minisum circle in the plane
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Schöbel, Anita
2009-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a circle with respect to existing facilities in the plane such that the sum of weighted distances between the circle and the facilities is minimized, i.e., we approximate a set of given points by a circle regarding the sum of weighted distances. If the radius of...
Creating collaborative advantage through students' quality circles
Ennals, Richard; KOKSAL, Hayal
2011-01-01
Turkey has played a pioneering role in the Quality movement in both industry and education, providing sound foundations for current development processes. Students’ Quality Circles, or Imece Circles, have provided a focus in Turkey and internationally. In the context of Knowledge Society and Knowledge Economy, new forms of work organisation offer collaborative advantage. Keywords: collaboration, empowerment, Imece, Quality, social capital, Students’ Quality Circles
Learning circles: a strategy for clinical practicum.
Hiebert, J L
1996-01-01
The author describes the use of learning circles as a strategy to increase critical-thinking skills. The author describes the origins of the learning circle strategy in experiential and cooperative learning theory, the development of a pilot project using learning circles to explore ethical issues in a clinical course, and student and instructor perceptions of the effectiveness of this strategy. PMID:8788825
Sun Circle: An Archeoastronomical Monument
Tanz, C.
2013-04-01
The Sun Circle is a ceremonial structure in a public park in Tucson, Arizona, designed to track the Sun's movement through the sky over the course of the year. It is also a place where people who use the park—walkers, joggers, bikers, skaters—can pause and sit down and enjoy a little rest. Although it is a modern construction, it draws its inspiration from ancient archeoastronomical structures of the American southwest.
Creating Circle of Courage Schools
Van Bockern, Steve; McDonald, Tim
2012-01-01
Dream what a school would be like in which the purpose is to meet the needs of children and the larger community so that all can lead a good life. Using the Circle of Courage[TM]--a model grounded in values of deep respect for the dignity of all--the authors of this article outline overarching goals and indicators that can turn this dream into…
Extraction of Circle from Digital Images
Nitasha Singla
2012-08-01
Full Text Available As we know, we wouldn’t be able to drive our cars. Because wheels are circles, so are steering wheels. When we play sports we use balls- which are spheres, or three dimensional representations of circles. So circle plays very important role in our life. In this paper, we detect circle using two algorithms. First one is Canny Edge Detection Algorithm with the help of this algorithm we find out edge detected digital image. Second is Freeman Chain Code Algorithm for contour tracing or find out the arcs which are part of circle or not. All this is done in MATLAB R2010a.
Information flow through the disaster circle
Egedorf, Maren Marie; Villanueva Holm-Nielsen, Pablo
2015-01-01
The traditional view of the disaster circle is phase based. Disaster and development professionals recognize that the actions carried out in the various phases of the disaster management cycle are overlapping and build upon each other, having resilience as the overall goal. However information does...... of the disaster management circle and organizations involved. This could be achieved through a platform that gathers and shares information from assessments and evaluations from previous phases of the disaster management circle. A donor requirement for organizations to document how effectively they...... not necessarily flow across the phases of the circle in an effective manner. This is particularly true for the information that crosses the disaster point of the circle. Organisations carry out assessments, surveys and baselines for various purposes, at various points of time in the disaster circle...
"Take Me to the Mathematical Circle!"
Veilande, Ingrida
2012-01-01
Preparing the students for various mathematical contests are the key goals of mathematical circles in Latvian schools. The reason why mathematical circles for students of primary schools are organised rather seldom is that problem sets of Olympiads are mainly created for students of 5th to 12th grades. The young participants of circles have to be introduced with the basic principles of Olimpiads mathematics too.
Three techniques for obtaining algebraic circle packings
Louder, Larsen; Mishchenko, Andrey M.; Souto, Juan
2014-01-01
The main purpose of this article is to demonstrate three techniques for proving algebraicity statements about circle packings. We give proofs of three related theorems: (1) that every finite simple planar graph is the contact graph of a circle packing on the Riemann sphere, equivalently in the complex plane, all of whose tangency points, centers, and radii are algebraic, (2) that every flat conformal torus which admits a circle packing whose contact graph triangulates the torus has algebraic ...
Circle discrepancy for checkerboard measures
Kolountzakis, Mihail N
2012-01-01
Consider the plane as a union of congruent unit squares in a checkerboard pattern, each square colored black or white in an arbitrary manner. The discrepancy of a curve with respect to a given coloring is the difference of its white length minus its black length, in absolute value. We show that for every radius t>1 there exists a full circle of radius either t or 2t with discrepancy greater than ct^(1/2) for some numerical constant c>0. We also show that for every t>1 there exists a circular arc of radius exactly t with discrepancy greater than ct^(1/2). Finally we investigate the corresponding problem for more general curves and their interiors. These results answer questions posed by Kolountzakis and Iosevich.
Developing Soft Skills Using "Literature Circles"
Azmi, Mohd Nazri Bin Latiff
2013-01-01
This study investigates the impact of the implementation of "Literature Circles" in an Active Learning classroom in relations to developing soft skills among university students. The use of Literature Circles is a well-known strategy in teaching the students to be more creative, independent, and think out of the box. A group of…
Circle-preserving transformations in Finsler spaces
Bidabad, Behroz; Shen, Zhongmin
2011-01-01
Here, by extending the definition of circle to Finsler geometry, we show that, every circle-preserving local diffeomorphism is conformal. This result implies that in Finsler geometry, the definition of concircular change of metrics, a priori, does not require the conformal assumption.
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Schöbel, Anita
2007-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a spherical circle with respect to existing facilities on a sphere, such that the sum of distances between the circle and the facilities is minimized or such that the maximum distance is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and we give solution...... contexts such as search-and-rescue missions and medical or biological studies....
Unit Circles and Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Barrera, Azael
2014-01-01
Historical accounts of trigonometry refer to the works of many Indian and Arab astronomers on the origin of the trigonometric functions as we know them now, in particular Abu al-Wafa (ca. 980 CE), who determined and named all known trigonometric functions from segments constructed on a regular circle and later on a unit circle (Moussa 2011;…
A note on circle patterns on surfaces
Guo, Ren
2007-01-01
In this paper we give two different proofs of Bobenko and Springborn's theorem of circle pattern: there exists a hyperbolic (or Euclidean) circle pattern with proscribed intersection angles and cone angles on a cellular decomposed surface up to isometry (or similarity).
The Circle of Courage and Positive Psychology
Brendtro, Larry K.; Brokenleg, Martin; Van Bockern, Steve
2005-01-01
The Circle of Courage identifies four universal needs of all children: Belonging, Mastery, Independence, and Generosity. When these needs are met, children grow and thrive. But when these growth needs are frustrated, multiple problems follow. The Circle of Courage defines problems of youth in terms of strengths and developmental needs. These…
Circles of quality in radiological safety
The concept of Circles of quality arose in Japan like an option to capitalize the enormous potential that the workers had developed as a result of its training in the statistical tools of quality. There are presented a series of steps that could be given with the purpose of implementing a program of ALARA circles. The radiological safety is in it finishes instance responsibility of each hard-working one and there won't be a protection program that can work among apathetic people, it is in this sense where the ALARA circles can provide its maximum contribution creating a conscience of responsibility and participation
Exotic circles of a remarkable group of piecewise generalized (non linear) circle homeomorphisms
Let G be a subgroup of Homeo+(S1). An exotic circle of G is a subgroup of G which is conjugate to SO (2) in Homeo+(S1) but not conjugate to SO (2) in G . The existence of exotic circles shows that the subgroup G is far from being a Lie group. Let r ≥ 1 be an integer, r = +∞ or r ω. In this paper, we prove that the subgroup Pr( S1) of Homeo+(S1) consisting of piecewise class P Cr homeomorphisms of the circle has no exotic circles. However, we show that there exist exotic circles of a particular subgroup (denoted P1r (S1)) of Pr(S1) and we determine the conjugacy classes of all exotic circles in P1r (S1). In particular, for the group PL+(S1) consisting of piecewise linear homeomorphisms we give a simple proof of Minakawa's Theorems. (author)
Darboux cyclides and webs from circles
Pottmann, Helmut
2012-01-01
Motivated by potential applications in architecture, we study Darboux cyclides. These algebraic surfaces of order ≤4 are a superset of Dupin cyclides and quadrics, and they carry up to six real families of circles. Revisiting the classical approach to these surfaces based on the spherical model of 3D Möbius geometry, we provide computational tools for the identification of circle families on a given cyclide and for the direct design of those. In particular, we show that certain triples of circle families may be arranged as so-called hexagonal webs, and we provide a complete classification of all possible hexagonal webs of circles on Darboux cyclides. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Circling particles and drafting in optical vortices
Reichert, Michael; Stark, Holger
2004-01-01
Particles suspended in a viscous fluid circle in optical vortices generated by holographic optical-tweezer techniques [Curtis J E and Grier D G 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 133901]. We model this system and show that hydrodynamic interactions between the circling particles determine their collective motion. We perform a linear-stability analysis to investigate the stability of regular particle clusters and illustrate the limit cycle to which the unstable modes converge. We clarify that drafting o...
Fluctuations of Quantum Random Walks on Circles
Inui, Norio; Konishi, Yoshinao; Konno, Norio; Soshi, Takahiro
2003-01-01
Temporal fluctuations in the Hadamard walk on circles are studied. A temporal standard deviation of probability that a quantum random walker is positive at a given site is introduced to manifest striking differences between quantum and classical random walks. An analytical expression of the temporal standard deviation on a circle with odd sites is shown and its asymptotic behavior is considered for large system size. In contrast with classical random walks, the temporal fluctuation of quantum...
Experiments Testing the Causes of Namibian Fairy Circles.
Walter R Tschinkel
Full Text Available The grasslands on the sandy soils of the eastern edge of the Namib Desert of Namibia are strikingly punctuated by millions of mostly regularly-spaced circular bare spots 2 to 10 m or more in diameter, generally with a margin of taller grasses. The causes of these so called fairy circles are unknown, but several hypotheses have been advanced. In October 2009, we set up experiments that specifically tested four hypothesized causes, and monitored these 5 times between 2009 and 2015. Grass exclusion in circles due to seepage of subterranean vapors or gases was tested by burying an impermeable barrier beneath fairy circles, but seedling density and growth did not differ from barrier-less controls. Plant germination and growth inhibition by allelochemicals or nutrient deficiencies in fairy circle soils were tested by transferring fairy circle soil to artificially cleared circles in the grassy matrix, and matrix soil to fairy circles (along with circle to circle and matrix to matrix controls. None of the transfers changed the seedling density and growth from the control reference conditions. Limitation of plant growth due to micronutrient depletion within fairy circles was tested by supplementing circles with a micronutrient mixture, but did not result in differences in plant seedling density and growth. Short-range vegetation competitive feedbacks were tested by creating artificially-cleared circles of 2 or 4 m diameter located 2 or 6 m from a natural fairy circle. The natural circles remained bare and the artificial circles revegetated. These four experiments provided evidence that fairy circles were not caused by subterranean vapors, that fairy circle soil per se did not inhibit plant growth, and that the circles were not caused by micronutrient deficiency. There was also no evidence that vegetative feedbacks affected fairy circles on a 2 to 10 m scale. Landscape-scale vegetative self-organization is discussed as a more likely cause of fairy circles.
Packing circles and spheres on surfaces
Schiftner, Alexander
2009-01-01
Inspired by freeform designs in architecture which involve circles and spheres, we introduce a new kind of triangle mesh whose faces\\' incircles form a packing. As it turns out, such meshes have a rich geometry and allow us to cover surfaces with circle patterns, sphere packings, approximate circle packings, hexagonal meshes which carry a torsion-free support structure, hybrid tri-hex meshes, and others. We show how triangle meshes can be optimized so as to have the incircle packing property. We explain their relation to conformal geometry and implications on solvability of optimization. The examples we give confirm that this kind of meshes is a rich source of geometric structures relevant to architectural geometry. © 2009 ACM.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION AND THE ECONOMY VICIOUS CIRCLES
MEDAR LUCIAN ION
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Education for sustainable development, involves training honest, active, social and creative persons for ensuring the link between environment, society, economy and politics. Trained entrepreneurs in sustainable development, are the engine system which can bring an economic prosperity. Lack of entrepreneurial education in the last 25 years has led accentuated conditions to avoiding economic development in all reference fields where added value can be achieved. Running away from excessive taxation led to the establishment of vicious circles in the economy. Vicious circles of the economy can be found in saving, tax policy, productive investment and the informal economy. Through this study will present the importance of entrepreneurship education in the real economy and some specifications to exit entrepreneurs from vicious circles of the economy.
Packing circles and spheres on surfaces
Schiftner, Alexander
2009-12-01
Inspired by freeform designs in architecture which involve circles and spheres, we introduce a new kind of triangle mesh whose faces\\' incircles form a packing. As it turns out, such meshes have a rich geometry and allow us to cover surfaces with circle patterns, sphere packings, approximate circle packings, hexagonal meshes which carry a torsion-free support structure, hybrid tri-hex meshes, and others. We show how triangle meshes can be optimized so as to have the incircle packing property. We explain their relation to conformal geometry and implications on solvability of optimization. The examples we give confirm that this kind of meshes is a rich source of geometric structures relevant to architectural geometry.
Generic Rigidity for Circle Diffeomorphisms with Breaks
Kocić, Saša
2016-06-01
We prove that {C^r}-smooth ({r > 2}) circle diffeomorphisms with a break, i.e., circle diffeomorphisms with a single singular point where the derivative has a jump discontinuity, are generically, i.e., for almost all irrational rotation numbers, not {C^{1+\\varepsilon}}-rigid, for any {\\varepsilon > 0}. This result complements our recent proof, joint with Khanin (Geom Funct Anal 24:2002-2028, 2014), that such maps are generically {C^1}-rigid. It stands in remarkable contrast to the result of Yoccoz (Ann Sci Ec Norm Sup 17:333-361, 1984) that {C^r}-smooth circle diffeomorphisms are generically {C^{r-1-κ}}-rigid, for any {κ > 0}.
TRIPLET CIRCULAR HOUGH TRANSFORM FOR CIRCLE DETECTION
Luo Daisheng; He Xiaohai; Teng Qizhi; Tao Qingchuan
2002-01-01
A new method, triplet circular Hough transform, is proposed for circle detection in image processing and pattern recognition. In the method, a curve in an image is first detected.Next, a sequence of three points on the curve are selected, a sequence of parameters (a,b,r)corresponding to the three points are calculated by solving the circle equation of the curve, and two 2-D accumulators A(a,b) and R(a,b) are accumulated with 1 and r, respectively. Then the parameters {(a, b, r)} of the circles fitting the curve are determined from A(a, b) and R(a, b) by searching for the local maximum over A(a,b). Because no computation loops over center (a, b)and/or radius r are needed, the method is faster than the basic and directional gradient methods.It needs also much smaller memory for accumulation.
On circle map coupled map lattice
2003-01-01
The circle map in one and two dimensions is studied. Both its stability and synchronization, using a bounded control and persistence, are discussed. This work is expected to be applicable in ecology where spatial effects are known to be important. Also, it will be relevant to systems where delay effects are not negligible.
Syllable Circles for Pronunciation Learning and Teaching
Whipple, John; Cullen, Charlie; Gardiner, Keith; Savage, Tim
2015-01-01
Syllable Circles are interactive visualizations representing prominence as a feature in short phrases or multi-syllable words. They were designed for computer-aided pronunciation teaching. This study explores whether and how interactive visualizations can affect language learners' awareness of prominence, or stress, in English pronunciation. The…
Community Social Work and the Learning Circle
Lavan, Ann
2008-01-01
Outlines an approach for introducing students to Community Social Work by use of clear, engaging stated objectives. Approach is called the Learning Circle and was devised as a tool to enhance student participation and to stimulate networking, dialogue and conversation about social work commitment to community intervention and community-based…
Conversations among Writers in Authors Circles.
Villaume, Susan Kidd; Brabham, Edna Greene
2001-01-01
Searches for examples of Authors Circles by talking with classroom teachers, surveying recent editions of this and other journals, and scanning library shelves for books on workshops and methods that incorporate student discussion with the teaching of writing. Discovers that descriptions of teacher-student conferences dominate explanations,…
A Spring Playscape Project: Building a Tree Circle
Keeler, Rusty
2009-01-01
The Tree Circle is a green gathering area for children made by planting trees in a circle. For children, the Tree Circle becomes a magical place for dramatic play, quiet retreat, or lively nature exploration. For teachers and parents it becomes a shady grove for snacks and stories. The trees create a sweet spot that changes during the seasons and…
Multiple Intelligence Literature Circles: A JFL and an EFL Experience
Sai, Michiko; Hsu, Jeng-yih
2007-01-01
The idea of literature circles is not new; however, it is hardly adapted in a second language classroom. In Taiwan, using literature circles to teach a second/foreign language is even less seen. The two college teachers-researchers reported their experiences of trying out literature circles in a JFL (Japanese as a Foreign Language) and an EFL…
Circle Points Discharge Tube Current Controller
Meng Jinjia; Meng Lisheng
2005-01-01
Circle points discharge tube current controller is a new type device to limit theoutput of high voltage discharge current. Circle points uniform corona discharge to form airionization current in the discharge tube. On the outside, even if the discharge electrode is sparkdischarging or the two discharge electrodes are short circuited, the air ionization current in the tuberemains within a stable range, and there is no spark discharge. In this case, when the dischargecurrent only increases slightly, the requirement to limited current is obtained. By installing thecontroller at a discharge pole with a small power but high voltage supply, we can realize the shiftbetween the continuous spark line discharge and corona discharge. This provides a new simpledevice for spark discharge research and is a supplement to the Townsend discharge experiment.
CHARACTERISTICS OF HYDROCARBON EXPLOITATION IN ARCTIC CIRCLE
Vanja Lež
2013-12-01
Full Text Available The existence of large quantities of hydrocarbons is supposed within the Arctic Circle. Assumed quantities are 25% of the total undiscovered hydrocarbon reserves on Earth, mostly natural gas. Over 500 major and minor gas accumulations within the Arctic Circle were discovered so far, but apart from Snøhvit gas field, there is no commercial exploitation of natural gas from these fields. Arctic gas projects are complicated, technically hard to accomplish, and pose a great threat to the return of investment, safety of people and equipment and for the ecosystem. Russia is a country that is closest to the realization of the Arctic gas projects that are based on the giant gas fields. The most extreme weather conditions in the seas around Greenland are the reason why this Arctic region is the least explored and furthest from the realization of any gas project (the paper is published in Croatian .
The Bakhtin Circle and Applied Linguistics
Newton Duarte Molon
2012-11-01
Full Text Available This article aims at presenting the relations between the theoretical formulations of the Bakhtin Circle and the current discussion on the scope of the so called Applied Linguistics (AL. In order to do that, we will briefly outline the history of AL, present the main conceptions of the Bakhtin Circle‟s thought, and build possible dialogues between the theoretical formulations of the Russian thinkers and the main issues of the current debate in Applied Linguistics.
Telomeric circles: universal players in telomere maintenance?
Tomaska, Lubomir; Nosek, Jozef; Kramara, Juraj; Griffith, Jack D.
2009-01-01
To maintain linear DNA genomes, organisms have evolved numerous means of solving problems associated with DNA ends (telomeres), including telomere-associated retrotransposons, palindromes, hairpins, covalently bound proteins and the addition of arrays of simple DNA repeats. Telomeric arrays can be maintained through various mechanisms such as telomerase activity or recombination. The recombination-dependent maintenance pathways may include telomeric loops (t-loops) and telomeric circles (t-ci...
Sleep disturbances and PTSD: a perpetual circle?
Saskia van Liempt
2012-01-01
Background : Sleep facilitates the consolidation of fear extinction memory. Nightmares and insomnia are hallmark symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), possibly interfering with fear extinction and compromising recovery. A perpetual circle may develop when sleep disturbances increase the risk for PTSD and vice versa. To date, therapeutic options for alleviating sleep disturbances in PTSD are limited. Methods : We conducted three studies to examine the relationship between sleep and...
The Bakhtin Circle and Applied Linguistics
Newton Duarte Molon; Rodolfo Vianna
2012-01-01
This article aims at presenting the relations between the theoretical formulations of the Bakhtin Circle and the current discussion on the scope of the so called Applied Linguistics (AL). In order to do that, we will briefly outline the history of AL, present the main conceptions of the Bakhtin Circle‟s thought, and build possible dialogues between the theoretical formulations of the Russian thinkers and the main issues of the current debate in Applied Linguistics.
Rolling circle amplification of metazoan mitochondrialgenomes
Simison, W. Brian; Lindberg, D.R.; Boore, J.L.
2005-07-31
Here we report the successful use of rolling circle amplification (RCA) for the amplification of complete metazoan mt genomes to make a product that is amenable to high-throughput genome sequencing techniques. The benefits of RCA over PCR are many and with further development and refinement of RCA, the sequencing of organellar genomics will require far less time and effort than current long PCR approaches.
Walking in circles: a modelling approach.
Maus, Horst-Moritz; Seyfarth, Andre
2014-10-01
Blindfolded or disoriented people have the tendency to walk in circles rather than on a straight line even if they wanted to. Here, we use a minimalistic walking model to examine this phenomenon. The bipedal spring-loaded inverted pendulum exhibits asymptotically stable gaits with centre of mass (CoM) dynamics and ground reaction forces similar to human walking in the sagittal plane. We extend this model into three dimensions, and show that stable walking patterns persist if the leg is aligned with respect to the body (here: CoM velocity) instead of a world reference frame. Further, we demonstrate that asymmetric leg configurations, which are common in humans, will typically lead to walking in circles. The diameter of these circles depends strongly on parameter configuration, but is in line with empirical data from human walkers. Simulation results suggest that walking radius and especially direction of rotation are highly dependent on leg configuration and walking velocity, which explains inconsistent veering behaviour in repeated trials in human data. Finally, we discuss the relation between findings in the model and implications for human walking. PMID:25056215
TRIPLET CIRCULAR HOUGH TRANSFORM FOR CIRCLE DETECTION
LuoDaisheng; HeXiaohai; 等
2002-01-01
A new method,triplet circular Hough transform,is proposed for circle detection in image processing and pattern recognition.In the method,a curve in an image is first detected.Next,a sequence of three points on the curve are selected.a sequence of parameters(a,b,r)corresponding to the three points are calculated by solving the circle equation of the curve,and two 2-D accumulators A(a,b)and R(a,b)are accumulated with 1 and r,respectively,Then the parameters{(a,b,r)}of the circles fitting the curve are determined from A(a,b)and R(a,b) by searching for the local maximum over A(a,b).Because no computation loops over center(a,b) and/or radius r are needed,the method is faster than the basic and directional gradient methods It needs also much smaller memory for accumulation.
Estimation of pure qubits on circles
Gisin and Popescu (Gisin N and Popescu S 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 432) have shown that more information about their direction can be obtained from a pair of anti-parallel spins compared to a pair of parallel spins, where the first member of the pair (which we call the pointer member) can point equally along any direction in the Bloch sphere. They argued that this was due to the difference in dimensionality spanned by these two alphabets of states. Here we consider similar alphabets, but with the first spin restricted to a fixed small circle of the Bloch sphere. In this case, the dimensionality spanned by the anti-parallel versus parallel alphabet is now equal. However, the anti-parallel alphabet is found to still contain more information in general. We generalize this to having N parallel spins and M anti-parallel spins. When the pointer member is restricted to a small circle these alphabets again span spaces of equal dimension, yet in general, more directional information can be found for sets with smaller |N - M| for any fixed total number of spins. We find that the optimal POVMs for extracting directional information in these cases can always be expressed in terms of the Fourier basis. Our results show that dimensionality alone cannot explain the greater information content in anti-parallel combinations of spins compared to parallel combinations. In addition, we describe an LOCC protocol which extracts optimal directional information when the pointer member is restricted to a small circle and a pair of parallel spins are supplied
Schmidt, Thomas Lundsgaard; Thomsen, Klaus
2015-01-01
We consider a construction of $C^*$-algebras from continuous piecewise monotone maps on the circle which generalizes the crossed product construction for homeomorphisms and more generally the construction of Renault, Deaconu and Anantharaman-Delaroche for local homeomorphisms. Assuming that the map...... is surjective and not locally injective we give necessary and sufficient conditions for the simplicity of the $C^*$-algebra and show that it is then a Kirchberg algebra. We provide tools for the calculation of the K-theory groups and turn them into an algorithmic method for Markov maps....
QUALITY CIRCLE AN EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT TOOL
UDAYSINH R. MANEPATIL
2013-01-01
Full Text Available ''A Quality Circle is volunteer group composed of members who meet to talk about workplace and service improvements and make presentations to their management with their ideas. These are related especially to the quality of output or services in order to improve the performance of the organization / department and motivate and enrich the work of employees. This group carries on continuously as a part of organization-wide control activities, self and mutual developments and control and improvement within the workplace utilizing quality control techniques with all the members participating.
Expanding Circles within the Outer Circle: The Rural Kisii in Kenya
Michieka, Martha M.
2009-01-01
This paper evaluates a range of factors that have contributed to the limited spread of English to rural Kisii, Kenya, making the presence of English in this non-urban context fall closer to an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) or Expanding Circle continuum than to the expected English as a Second Language (ESL) context. Kenya is an Outer Circle…
Perturbing the hexagonal circle packing: a percolation perspective
Benjamini, Itai
2011-01-01
We consider the hexagonal circle packing with radius 1/2 and perturb it by letting the circles move as independent Brownian motions for time t. It is shown that, for small enough t, the union of the circles will contain an infinite connected component (module a Monte Carlo estimate for a fixed high dimensional integral). On the other hand, if \\Pi_t is the point process induced by the center of the circles at time t, then, as t goes to infinity, the critical radius for circles centered at \\Pi_t to contain an infinite component converges to that of continuum percolation (which was shown---module a Monte Carlo estimate---by Balister, Bollobas and Walters to be strictly bigger than 1/2). We conjecture the existence of a deterministic critical time marking a phase transition for the existence of an infinite component of the union of the circles. Further open problems are discussed.
Fear is the great driving force, the basic effect, without which there would be no adaption to new living conditions, and no provision for the future. But fear has a positive influence only as long as it does not gain the upper hand, for then it makes human beings blind and stifles activity. What is important, and will remain so, is the equilibrium between fear and courage, caution and the desire for action, optimism und pessimism. This equilibrium has now been disturbed in the western countries - and only here. Our present fears give rise to hardly any positive measures, but prevent provision for the future. We are threatened with failure due to the manipulated conversion of fear from the maintenance of life to an effect which destroys life. In this way we got into a vicious circle of fear: we must try to weaken the imagined dangers by emphasising the true conditions. The author discusses how the viscious circle can be broken. (orig.) 891 UA/orig. 892 MKO
Parallelization Research of Circle Detection Based on Hough Transform
Suping Wu; Xiangjiao Liu
2012-01-01
There is a problem of too long computation time in Circle detection of Hough transform. In this paper, two paralleled methods are given based on Threading Building Blocks (TBB) and CUDA, by utilizing multi-core and GPU, the most timeconsuming part of circle detection is coped with parallelization. Experimental results show that the circle detection algorithms proposed in this paper has extremely good result of acceleration.
Locating a general minisum 'circle' on a plane
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Körner, Mark-Christoph;
2011-01-01
We approximate a set of given points in the plane by the boundary of a convex and symmetric set which is the unit circle of some norm. This generalizes previous work on the subject which considers Euclidean circles only. More precisely, we examine the problem of locating and scaling the unit circle...... of some given norm k with respect to given points on the plane such that the sum of weighted distances (as measured by the same norm k) between the circumference of the circle and the points is minimized. We present general results and are able to identify a finite dominating set in the case that k...
Locating a circle on the plane using the minimax criterion
Brimberg, Jack; Juel, Henrik; Schöbel, Anita
2009-01-01
We consider the problem of locating a circle with respect to existing facilities on the plane, such that the largest weighted distance between the circumference of the circle and the facilities is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and a solution procedure proposed......We consider the problem of locating a circle with respect to existing facilities on the plane, such that the largest weighted distance between the circumference of the circle and the facilities is minimized. The problem properties are analyzed, and a solution procedure proposed...
GENERATING FRACTAL PATTERNS BY USING p-CIRCLE INVERSION
Ramírez, José L.; Rubiano, Gustavo N.; Zlobec, Borut Jurčič
2015-10-01
In this paper, we introduce the p-circle inversion which generalizes the classical inversion with respect to a circle (p = 2) and the taxicab inversion (p = 1). We study some basic properties and we also show the inversive images of some basic curves. We apply this new transformation to well-known fractals such as Sierpinski triangle, Koch curve, dragon curve, Fibonacci fractal, among others. Then we obtain new fractal patterns. Moreover, we generalize the method called circle inversion fractal be means of the p-circle inversion.
Existence of Chimera State on Two Parallel Circles
Lin, Larry; Yang, Pei-Kun
2016-06-01
A nonlocal coupling system with oscillators on two parallel circles can evolve into a chimera state for suitable values of the parameters α and β. The parameter β is the distance between the circles and affects the phase-locked areas of the chimera state. The Kuramoto theory successfully describes whether and where the oscillators are phase-locked or drifting. The position difference ΔX describes the displacement of phase-locked areas between the circles. The dynamics of the model with four oscillators also show similar phenomena. The position difference ΔX results from the arrangement of oscillators on the two parallel circles.
Meromorphic Vector Fields and Circle Packings
Dias, Kealey
The objective of the Ph.D. project is to initiate a classification of bifurcations of meromorphic vector fields and to clarify their relation to circle packings. Technological applications are to image analysis and to effective grid generation using discrete conformal mappings. The two branches of...... dynamical systems, continuous and discrete, correspond to the study of differential equations (vector fields) and iteration of mappings respectively. In holomorphic dynamics, the systems studied are restricted to those described by holomorphic (complex analytic) functions or meromorphic (allowing poles as...... singularities) functions. There already exists a well-developed theory for iterative holomorphic dynamical systems, and successful relations found between iteration theory and flows of vector fields have been one of the main motivations for the recent interest in holomorphic vector fields. Restricting to...
Mitrea, Adrian
2010-01-01
Given $\\Delta ABC$ and angles $\\alpha,\\beta,\\gamma\\in(0,\\pi)$ with $\\alpha+\\beta+\\gamma=\\pi$, we study the properties of the triangle $DEF$ which satisfies: (i) $D\\in BC$, $E\\in AC$, $F\\in AB$, (ii) $\\aangle D=\\alpha$, $\\aangle E=\\beta$, $\\aangle F=\\gamma$, (iii) $\\Delta DEF$ has the minimal area in the class of triangles satisfying (i) and (ii). In particular, we show that minimizer $\\Delta DEF$, exists, is unique and is a pedal triangle, corresponding to a certain pedal point $P$. Permuting the roles played by the angles $\\alpha,\\beta,\\gamma$ in (ii), yields a total of six such area-minimizing triangles, which are pedal relative to six pedal points, say, $P_1,....,P_6$. The main result of the paper is the fact that there exists a circle which contains all six points.
Fast transport optimization on the circle
Delon, Julie; Sobolevskii, Andrei
2009-01-01
Consider the problem of optimally matching two measures on the circle, or equivalently two periodic measures on the real line, and suppose the cost of matching two points satisfies the Monge condition. We introduce a notion of locally optimal transport plan, motivated by the weak KAM (Aubry-Mather) theory, and show that all locally optimal transport plans are conjugate to shifts. This theory is applied to a transportation problem arising in image processing: for two sets of point masses, both of which have the same total mass, find an optimal transport plan with respect to a given cost function that satisfies the Monge condition. For the case of N real-valued point masses we present an O(N log epsilon) algorithm that approximates the optimal cost within epsilon; when all masses are integer multiples of 1/M, the algorithm gives an exact solution in O(N log M) operations.
KNOWLEDGE OF JOURNALISM IN THE HERMENEUTIC CIRCLE
Christa Berger
2010-12-01
Full Text Available In the letters written by Voltaire, Juan Luis Cebrián and AlbertoDines, I find a wisdom originating from experience which istransformed into knowledge for the practice of the profession.In this wisdom there are signs that journalism dialogues with thedisciplines of the social sciences and of language, at the same time that their authors point out the issues which will be transformed into the subject for study according to the theories of journalism. From the wisdom of experience to scientific practice and from the latter to the practice of the profession there is a circulation of knowledge which, in this article, I place in the perspective of thehermeneutic circle indicated by Boaventura de Souza Santos.
Distribution of Circles on a Circle and Correlation Between Vortex Rings of Superfluids
Onur Fen, Mehmet; Erkoç, Šakír
2007-05-01
Superfluids are characterized by absence of viscosity. When superfluids are rotated, differently from normal fluids, they form more than one vortex in the containers where they are placed. The number of vortices change as the rotation velocity changes, but this change is not linear. M.W. Zwierlein et al. observed the vortices in experiments, observing up to a number of 80. Experiments also showed that the vortex distributions cannot include large spaces. By using experimental data, we noticed that when we think of vortices as vortex rings, their centers are at the same geometric location and these geometric locations are concentric circles. We generalized the distribution of these geometric places and formulized it. Our formula includes the magic circle numbers. When the number of vortices reach these magic numbers, the number of geometric locations increase by 1.
An Effective Time and Management Strategy in Quality Circles.
Halverson, Don E.
Contending that participation in quality circles enhances effective time management by school administrators and teachers, this guide provides both a theoretical briefing and practical recommendations for better time management. A pre- posttest prefaces a review of basic concepts of quality circles with reference to the work of Abraham Maslow,…
The Japanese Quality Control Circle: Why It Works.
Watanabe, Susumu
1991-01-01
The competitiveness of Japanese industry is in part because of their quality circles. Despite the West's interest in most Japanese business practices, quality circles have been difficult to transplant. This may be a result of misconceptions about their nature and the erroneous idea that workers' motivation is sociocultural, whereas in fact it is…
Growing a Circle of Courage Culture: One School's Journey
Espiner, Deborah; Guild, Diane
2010-01-01
Mt. Richmond Special School is the first Circle of Courage school in New Zealand. The school reflects the richness of the cultural and learning diversity found in many New Zealand schools. Located in the heart of South Auckland, the school's 130 students represent a wide range of ethnic backgrounds. The universal values in the Circle of Courage…
Families and the Circle of Courage[TM
Garfat, Thom; Van Bockern, Steve
2010-01-01
The Circle of Courage philosophy encourages thoughts about the importance of courage in the lives of children and young people--the courage to face what life offers and the resilience to handle life's challenges. Belonging, mastery, independence, and generosity, the four areas identified by the Circle of Courage, are pathways to help young people…
Quality Circles in Higher Education: Quality, Satisfaction, and Climate.
Kay, Carol; Healy, Margaret
The effect of quality circles at Iowa State University on absenteeism, performance evaluation, perceptions of the organization climate, job satisfaction, and perceived opportunities for professional and personal growth was measured in this study. The process of quality circles is designed to promote job fulfillment and organizational productivity…
Study Circles and the Dialogue to Change Program
Brennan, Mary; Brophy, Mark
2010-01-01
The origins of study circles can be traced back to the Chautauqua movement in the USA in the late nineteenth century. However, interest diminished in the USA and the Swedes discovered and enthusiastically imported the study circle idea as a remedy to their problems of poverty and illiteracy and to educate the broadest possible spectrum of society…
Ethical dimension of circle Integrative Community Therapy on qualitative research.
Santos, Paula Renata Miranda Dos; Cerencovich, Elisangela; Araújo, Laura Filomena Santos de; Bellato, Roseney; Maruyama, Sonia Ayako Tao
2014-12-01
This study discusses ethical issues in research involving human beings and seeks to understand the relationship between qualitative research and the ethical care guidelines for Integrative Community Therapy (ICT) circles based on Resolution 466/12 of the National Health Council of the Ministry of Health of Brazil. This is documentary research, which analyzed Resolution 466/12 and ICT circles seeking to make a connection between the ethical guidelines contained in both. The analysis of the corpus was directed toward the construction of the following results: the person's perception, cultural diversity and community. It also brings in consideration of the influence of the ethical dimension of the ICT circles on qualitative research. We conclude that ICT circles are innovative in the sense of the diversity of participants and respect for cultural and social differences. Thus, ICT circles promote acquisition of quality information for social research as well as compliance with the ethical guidelines outlined in Resolution No. 466/12. PMID:25830749
New phases of near-extremal branes on a circle
We study the phases of near-extremal branes on a circle, by which we mean near-extremal branes of string theory and M-theory with a circle in their transverse space. We find a map that takes any static and neutral Kaluza-Klein black hole, i.e. any static and neutral black hole on Minkowski-space times a circle Md x S1, and map it to a corresponding solution for a near-extremal brane on a circle. The map is derived using first a combined boost and U-duality transformation on the Kaluza-Klein black hole, transforming it to a solution for a non-extremal brane on a circle. The resulting solution for a near-extremal brane on a circle is then obtained by taking a certain near-extremal limit. As a consequence of the map, we can transform the neutral non-uniform black string branch into a new non-uniform phase of near-extremal branes on a circle. Furthermore, we use recently obtained analytical results on small black holes in Minkowski-space times a circle to get new information about the localized phase of near-extremal branes on a circle. This gives in turn predictions for the thermal behavior of the non-gravitational theories dual to these near-extremal branes. In particular, we give predictions for the thermodynamics of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories on a circle, and we find a new stable phase of (2,0) Little String Theory in the canonical ensemble for temperatures above its Hagedorn temperature. (author)
Sleep disturbances and PTSD: a perpetual circle?
Saskia van Liempt
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Background : Sleep facilitates the consolidation of fear extinction memory. Nightmares and insomnia are hallmark symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, possibly interfering with fear extinction and compromising recovery. A perpetual circle may develop when sleep disturbances increase the risk for PTSD and vice versa. To date, therapeutic options for alleviating sleep disturbances in PTSD are limited. Methods : We conducted three studies to examine the relationship between sleep and posttraumatic symptoms: (1 a prospective longitudinal cohort study examining the impact of pre-deployment insomnia symptoms and nightmares on the development of PTSD; (2 a cross-sectional study examining subjective sleep measures, polysomnography, endocrinological parameters, and memory in veterans with PTSD, veterans without PTSD, and healthy controls (HCs; (3 a randomized controlled trial (RCT (n=14 comparing the effect of prazosin and placebo on sleep disturbances in veterans with PTSD. In addition to these studies, we systematically reviewed the literature on treatment options for sleep disturbances in PTSD. Results : Pre-deployment nightmares predicted PTSD symptoms at 6 months post-deployment; however, insomnia symptoms did not. Furthermore, in patients with PTSD, a correlation between the apnea index and PTSD severity was observed, while obstructive sleep apnea syndrome was not more prevalent. We observed a significant increase in awakenings during sleep in patients with PTSD, which were positively correlated with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH levels, negatively correlated with growth hormone (GH secretion, and the subjective perception of sleep depth. Also, heart rate was significantly increased in PTSD patients. Interestingly, plasma levels of GH during the night were decreased in PTSD. Furthermore, GH secretion and awakenings were independent predictors for delayed recall, which was lower in PTSD. In our RCT, prazosin was not associated with
Inhomogeneous field theory inside the arctic circle
Allegra, Nicolas; Dubail, Jérôme; Stéphan, Jean-Marie; Viti, Jacopo
2016-05-01
Motivated by quantum quenches in spin chains, a one-dimensional toy-model of fermionic particles evolving in imaginary-time from a domain-wall initial state is solved. The main interest of this toy-model is that it exhibits the arctic circle phenomenon, namely a spatial phase separation between a critically fluctuating region and a frozen region. Large-scale correlations inside the critical region are expressed in terms of correlators in a (euclidean) two-dimensional massless Dirac field theory. It is observed that this theory is inhomogenous: the metric is position-dependent, so it is in fact a Dirac theory in curved space. The technique used to solve the toy-model is then extended to deal with the transfer matrices of other models: dimers on the honeycomb and square lattice, and the six-vertex model at the free fermion point (Δ =0 ). In all cases, explicit expressions are given for the long-range correlations in the critical region, as well as for the underlying Dirac action. Although the setup developed here is heavily based on fermionic observables, the results can be translated into the language of height configurations and of the gaussian free field, via bosonization. Correlations close to the phase boundary and the generic appearance of Airy processes in all these models are also briefly revisited in the appendix.
Varga, Richard S
2004-01-01
TheGer? sgorin CircleTheorem, averywell-known resultin linear algebra today, stems from the paper of S. Ger? sgorin in 1931 (which is reproduced in AppendixD)where,givenanarbitraryn×ncomplexmatrix,easyarithmetic operationsontheentriesofthematrixproducendisks,inthecomplexplane, whose union contains all eigenvalues of the given matrix. The beauty and simplicity of Ger? sgorin’s Theorem has undoubtedly inspired further research in this area, resulting in hundreds of papers in which the name “Ger? sgorin” appears. The goal of this book is to give a careful and up-to-date treatment of various aspects of this topic. The author ?rst learned of Ger? sgorin’s results from friendly conversations with Olga Taussky-Todd and John Todd, which inspired me to work in this area.Olgawasclearlypassionateaboutlinearalgebraandmatrixtheory,and her path-?nding results in these areas were like a magnet to many, including this author! It is the author’s hope that the results, presented here on topics related to Ger? sgorin...
Rotation Intervals for Quasi-Periodically Forced Circle Maps
Silvia Pina-Romero
2012-01-01
This work investigates some aspects of the dynamics of non-invertible quasi-periodic circle maps, from the point of view of rotation numbers and their structure in parameter space.Circle maps and quasi-periodically forced circle maps have been widely used asa model for a broad range of physical phenomena. From the mathematical point of view they have also received considerable attention because of the many interesting features they exhibit.The system used is given by the maps: x_n = [ x_n-1 +...
Yang-Lee Circle Theorem for an Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Ladder
王先智
2001-01-01
The Yang-Lee zeros of an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg ladder model are determined. It is found that if J4≤0 Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and on the negative real axis in the complex activity plane. In particular, if J4≤0 and 2J2≥J4, Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and the Yang-Lee circle theorem is valid. If J4 ＞ 0, Yang-Lee zeros are located on some complicated curves.
Design and Calculation of the Resistance Circles for Wooden Barrels
Adriana FOTIN
2011-03-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a design methodology for the circles of wooden barrels, usingappropriate strength calculations, so as to provide tightness while maintaining the integrity of the woodenmaterial embedded in the barrel structure, in the jacket and bottom staves, respectively.Based on these calculations, the circle dimensions (length, width and thickness can be defined,depending on the barrel type (for transport or storage and their relation to the barrel bottoms.Defining the dimensional characteristics of the circles is mandatory, as these are safety elements in thebarrel operation.
Bounded Gain of Energy on the Breathing Circle Billiard
Kamphorst, Sylvie Oliffson; de Carvalho, Sonia Pinto
1998-01-01
The Breathing Circle is a 2-dimensional generalization of the Fermi Accelerator. It is shown that the billiard map associated to this model has invariant curves in phase space, implying that any particle will have bounded gain of energy.
Simulation of Induction Motor Characteristics Using a Circle Diagram
Mesņajevs, A; Ketnere, E; Meišele, A
2010-01-01
The circle diagram helps to identify all electromagnetic values, which describe the machin`s opeation mode at different slip values and gives them a better description when machine`s operating mode is changing.
Piecewise-smooth circle homeomorphisms with several break points
We prove that the invariant probability measure of an ergodic piecewise-smooth circle homeomorphism with several break points and the product of the jumps at break points non-trivial is singular with respect to Lebesgue measure.
Circle of Life——Symbolism in The Winter's Tale
李潇雨
2007-01-01
This essay tries to illustrate Winter's Tale's symbolic meaning about human life.It draws conclusion that Shakespeare's plan is to combine the natural rule of seasonal cycle with the life circle of human world.
Parhelic-like circle from light scattering in Plateau borders
Tufaile, A., E-mail: tufaile@usp.br; Tufaile, A.P.B.
2015-03-06
We are reporting a new simple optical element to generate halos. We have observed interesting patterns of light scattering in Plateau borders in foams. In analogy to the atmospheric phenomena known as parhelic circle, sun dogs, and sun pillars, we have named the features of the patterns observed as parlaseric circle, laser dogs, and laser pillars. The triangular symmetry of the Plateau borders is analogous to the hexagonal symmetry of ice crystals which produce these atmospheric phenomena. Working with one Plateau border at a time, we have observed wave optics phenomena that are not perceived in the atmospheric phenomena, such as diffraction and interference. - Highlights: • We obtained halo formation from light scattering in a Plateau border using an experiment. • We explained halo formation using geometrical theory of diffraction. • An optical element based on a Plateau border is proposed. • We compared some aspects of the parhelic circle with the parlaseric circle.
Optimal impulsive ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous
无
2009-01-01
The problem of ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous with chaser spacecraft in low eccentricity was investigated in this paper.With reference frame established in the centroid of the target spacecraft,the process of ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous was described by the relative equations based on cy-lindrical reference frame,and then the solutions and distributions of optimal rendezvous models of a kind of close ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous were provided.The simulation results showed that the guidance law based on the optimal rendezvous model in this research has good performance,and that the distributions of optimal rendezvous models of ellipse-to-circle coplanar rendezvous with the chaser spacecraft in low eccentricity are similar,albeit with slight difference,to those of rendezvous between close circular orbits.The work in this paper is a useful extension to Prussing’s optimal ren-dezvous theory between close circular orbits.
The virtuous circle and the vicious circle in managerial training investment
Cristina Călugăru
2015-05-01
Full Text Available In parallel with the consolidation of the view that there is a real need to train and improve enterprises’ managerial staff – also in parallel with the increase of expenses incurred by enterprises in this direction, in the past decades this investment in managerial training is rather preparatory for the subsequent professional evolution of the people appointed in management positions of said enterprises – direct beneficiaries of these training or improvement programs. Thus, there appears a gap between what enterprises wish to obtain, by implementing such training and development programs, and what they are actually obtaining: in fact, the investment ‘leaks’ from the virtuous circle1 of acquisition of higher managerial competences and of their application in said enterprises (to obtain better economic performances, in activities that are more and more competitive, into the vicious circle of non-using this investment in management training, for many various reasons that we could identify using the results of empirical research.
Minimal genus in 4-manifolds with a free circle action
Friedl, Stefan
2012-01-01
Let N be a closed irreducible 3-manifold such that its fundamental group is virtually RFRS. Using work of Ian Agol we will improve, for all but finitely many circle bundles M over N, the adjunction inequality for the minimal complexity of embedded surfaces. Appealing to a result of Dani Wise, this allows us to completely determine the minimal complexity of embedded surfaces in all but finitely many circle bundles over a large class of hyperbolic 3-manifolds.
Culture Circles in adolescent empowerment for the prevention of violence
Monteiro, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles; Neto, Waldemar Brandão; Lima, Luciane Soares de; de Aquino, Jael Maria; Gontijo, Daniela Tavares; Pereira, Beatriz Oliveira
2015-01-01
An action research based on Paulo Freire's Culture Circles was developed to implement a health education intervention involving adolescents, in collective knowledge construction about strategies for the prevention of violence. The data collection in the Culture Circles involved 11 adolescents and included observation and field diary, photographic records and recording. The educational action aroused a critical socio-political and cultural position in the adolescents towards the situations of ...
Literature Circles: An Effective Method to Develop Reading Habit
AVCI, Süleyman; Yüksel, Arzu; AKINCI, Tuncay
2013-01-01
The purpose of this study is to inform teachers -who want to develop reading habit in their students and to turn them into efficient readers- on theoretical basis of literature circles method and its application within the classroom. A literature circles is a teaching method in which students select specific books to read, then are classified into discussion groups based on their selections, and finally discuss the parts of these books they individually in their discussion group. The literatu...
Peacemaking Circles & Young Refugees: Building Resilience in Germany
Ammar, Mounira
2014-01-01
This work focuses on a particular form of culture-specific discrimination against refugee minors in Germany. Of central interest is the potential of peacemaking circles in the struggle for the transformation of community spirit in Germany and the restoration of justice for the persons concerned. In order to highlight the Circle's strive for inclusiveness the ideals and reformative philosophy of the peacemaking process will be introduced. The paper examines the theoretical framework of re...
Ethical dimension of circle Integrative Community Therapy on qualitative research
Paula Renata Miranda dos Santos; Elisangela Cerencovich; Laura Filomena Santos Araújo; Roseney Bellato; Sonia Ayako Tao Maruyama
2014-01-01
This study discusses ethical issues in research involving human beings and seeks to understand the relationship between qualitative research and the ethical care guidelines for Integrative Community Therapy (ICT) circles based on Resolution 466/12 of the National Health Council of the Ministry of Health of Brazil. This is documentary research, which analyzed Resolution 466/12 and ICT circles seeking to make a connection between the ethical guidelines contained in both. The analysis of the cor...
Empowering Children Through Circle Time: An Illumination of Practice
Collins, Bernie
2011-01-01
The focus of the research is circle time, a widely used method in Irish primary schools. It involves children sitting in a circle with their teacher using method-specific techniques and strategies to promote self-esteem, develop skills and support positive classroom relationships. The theoretical and conceptual framework adopted has empowerment of children as its central focus, and is supported by theories of self-esteem, emotional intelligence, and voice and participation theory. Learning an...
Carlo Penco
2013-01-01
A discussion of The Vienna Circle and the Nordic Countries. Networks and Transformations of Logical Empiricism, edited by Juha Manninen and Friedrich Stadtler, Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook vol.14, Springer, 2010.
Carlo Penco
2013-03-01
Full Text Available A discussion of The Vienna Circle and the Nordic Countries. Networks and Transformations of Logical Empiricism, edited by Juha Manninen and Friedrich Stadtler, Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook vol.14, Springer, 2010.
Circles of Support and personalization: Exploring the economic case.
Wistow, Gerald; Perkins, Margaret; Knapp, Martin; Bauer, Annette; Bonin, Eva-Maria
2016-06-01
Circles of Support aim to enable people with learning disabilities (and others) to live full lives as part of their communities. As part of a wider study of the economic case for community capacity building conducted from 2012 to 2014, we conducted a mixed methods study of five Circles in North West England. Members of these Circles were supporting adults with moderate to profound learning disabilities and provided accounts of success in enabling the core member to live more independent lives with improved social care outcomes within cost envelopes that appeared to be less than more traditional types of support. The Circles also reported success in harnessing community resources to promote social inclusion and improve well-being. This very small-scale study can only offer tentative evidence but does appear to justify more rigorous research into the potential of Circles to secure cost-effective means of providing support to people with learning disabilities than the alternative, which in most cases would have been a long-term residential care placement. PMID:27004913
Ethical dimension of circle Integrative Community Therapy on qualitative research
Paula Renata Miranda dos Santos
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This study discusses ethical issues in research involving human beings and seeks to understand the relationship between qualitative research and the ethical care guidelines for Integrative Community Therapy (ICT circles based on Resolution 466/12 of the National Health Council of the Ministry of Health of Brazil. This is documentary research, which analyzed Resolution 466/12 and ICT circles seeking to make a connection between the ethical guidelines contained in both. The analysis of the corpus was directed toward the construction of the following results: the person's perception, cultural diversity and community. It also brings in consideration of the influence of the ethical dimension of the ICT circles on qualitative research. We conclude that ICT circles are innovative in the sense of the diversity of participants and respect for cultural and social differences. Thus, ICT circles promote acquisition of quality information for social research as well as compliance with the ethical guidelines outlined in Resolution No. 466/12.
Three-charge black holes on a circle
Harmark, Troels [Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen Oe (Denmark); Obers, Niels A. [Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen Oe (Denmark); Roenne, Peter B. [Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen Oe (Denmark); Kristjansson, Kristjan R. [Nordita, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen Oe (Denmark)
2007-01-15
We study phases of five-dimensional three-charge black holes with a circle in their transverse space. In particular, when the black hole is localized on the circle we compute the corrections to the metric and corresponding thermodynamics in the limit of small mass. When taking the near-extremal limit, this gives the corrections to the finite entropy of the extremal three-charge black hole as a function of the energy above extremality. For the partial extremal limit with two charges sent to infinity and one finite we show that the first correction to the entropy is in agreement with the microscopic entropy by taking into account that the number of branes shift as a consequence of the interactions across the transverse circle. Beyond these analytical results, we also numerically obtain the entire phase of non- and near-extremal three- and two-charge black holes localized on a circle. More generally, we find in this paper a rich phase structure, including a new phase of three-charge black holes that are non-uniformly distributed on the circle. All these three-charge black hole phases are found via a map that relates them to the phases of five-dimensional neutral Kaluza-Klein black holes.
Three-charge black holes on a circle
We study phases of five-dimensional three-charge black holes with a circle in their transverse space. In particular, when the black hole is localized on the circle we compute the corrections to the metric and corresponding thermodynamics in the limit of small mass. When taking the near-extremal limit, this gives the corrections to the finite entropy of the extremal three-charge black hole as a function of the energy above extremality. For the partial extremal limit with two charges sent to infinity and one finite we show that the first correction to the entropy is in agreement with the microscopic entropy by taking into account that the number of branes shift as a consequence of the interactions across the transverse circle. Beyond these analytical results, we also numerically obtain the entire phase of non- and near-extremal three- and two-charge black holes localized on a circle. More generally, we find in this paper a rich phase structure, including a new phase of three-charge black holes that are non-uniformly distributed on the circle. All these three-charge black hole phases are found via a map that relates them to the phases of five-dimensional neutral Kaluza-Klein black holes
A Personified Annealing Algorithm for Circles Packing Problem
ZHANGDe-Fu; LIXin
2005-01-01
Circles packing problem is an NP-hard problem and is difficult to solve. In this paper, a hybrid search strategy for circles packing problem is discussed. A way of generating new configuration is presented by simulating the moving of elastic objects, which can avoid the blindness of simulated annealing search and make iteration process converge fast. Inspired by the life experiences of people,an effective personified strategy to jump out of local minima is given. Based on the simulated annealing idea and personification strategy, an effective personified annealing algorithm for circles packing problem is developed. Numerical experiments on benchmark problem instances show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the best algorithm in the literature.
Circles Disturbed The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative
Doxiadis, Apostolos
2012-01-01
Circles Disturbed brings together important thinkers in mathematics, history, and philosophy to explore the relationship between mathematics and narrative. The book's title recalls the last words of the great Greek mathematician Archimedes before he was slain by a Roman soldier--"Don't disturb my circles"--words that seem to refer to two radically different concerns: that of the practical person living in the concrete world of reality, and that of the theoretician lost in a world of abstraction. Stories and theorems are, in a sense, the natural languages of these two worlds--stories represent
A simple algorithm for computing the smallest enclosing circle
Skyum, Sven
1991-01-01
Presented is a simple O(n log n) algorithm for computing the smallest enclosing circle of a convex polygon. It can be easily extended to algorithms that compute the farthest-and the closest-point Voronoi diagram of a convex polygon within the same time bound.......Presented is a simple O(n log n) algorithm for computing the smallest enclosing circle of a convex polygon. It can be easily extended to algorithms that compute the farthest-and the closest-point Voronoi diagram of a convex polygon within the same time bound....
Bayreuth circle and the struggle for the new German faith
Molnar Aleksandar I.
2006-01-01
Full Text Available In the article the author is depicting Bayreuth Circle as a social group of radical right-wing German intellectuals, who were trying not only to propagate and disseminate nationalist and anti-Semite ideas of controversial composer and thinker Richard Wagner, but also to produce substantial changes into the social reality of Second German Reich and Weimar Republic as well. Author's intention is to stress the straight of the mixture of art (mainly music and ideology, which enabled the members of Bayreuth Circle to be extremely successful in their efforts to "regenerate" the "deceased" German nation and, prospectively, the whole world.
An Approach for Self-Calibration by a Quartered Circle
Yue Zhao; Xiaodan Lv
2013-01-01
The camera calibration is a key step for converting a projective reconstruction into a metric one, which is equivalent to recovering the unknown intrinsic parameters with each image. A circle is a common geometric primitive for the camera self-calibration. To avoid the limit of circle center to the camera self-calibration in a planar template, a method how to solve out the vanishing line is proposed. Then using the property of vanishing line, the camera intrinsic parameters are figured out an...
A Phase Transition for Circle Maps and Cherry Flows
Palmisano, Liviana
2013-07-01
We study C 2 weakly order preserving circle maps with a flat interval. The main result of the paper is about a sharp transition from degenerate geometry to bounded geometry depending on the degree of the singularities at the boundary of the flat interval. We prove that the non-wandering set has zero Hausdorff dimension in the case of degenerate geometry and it has Hausdorff dimension strictly greater than zero in the case of bounded geometry. Our results about circle maps allow to establish a sharp phase transition in the dynamics of Cherry flows.
A Phase Transition for Circle Maps and Cherry Flows
Palmisano, Liviana
2012-01-01
We study $C^{2}$ weakly order preserving circle maps with a flat interval. The main result of the paper is about a sharp transition from degenerate geometry to bounded geometry depending on the degree of the singularities at the boundary of the flat interval. We prove that the non-wandering set has zero Hausdorff dimension in the case of degenerate geometry and it has Hausdorff dimension strictly greater than zero in the case of bounded geometry. Our results about circle maps allow to establish a sharp phase transition in the dynamics of Cherry flows.
Computing circles and spheres of arithmitic least squares
Nievergelt, Yves
1994-07-01
A proof of the existence and uniqueness of L. Moura and R. Kitney's circle of least squares leads to estimates of the accuracy with which a computer can determine that circle. The result shows that the accuracy deteriorates as the correlation between the coordinates of the data points increases in magnitude. Yet a numerically more stable computation of eigenvectors yields the limiting straight line, which a further analysis reveals to be the line of total least squares. The same analysis also provides generalizations to fitting spheres in higher dimensions.
Co-Constructing Knowledge through NGO-Driven Circle Work
Agerbæk, Jonas
This presentation revolves around the question of what degree of control, if any, the users participating in NGO-driven development programs may have over their own development. Based on a multi-sited ethnography of NGO organizing and communication that I conducted in the period of 2010 to 2015......, and with a special analytical focus on the facilitating role of frontline NGO workers in rural East Africa, this presentation discusses enabling and constraining aspects of using circle work to co-produce knowledge in international development. More particularly I am focusing an approach to circle...
Dance in a circle – from prehistory to the kindergarten
Strežek, Staša
2013-01-01
In the graduate thesis I wanted to present dance in a circle through time and its significance and the importance of dance in a circle in pre-school. The theoretical part is divided into six parts. In the beginning, a few words about dance in general (what it is, how they define various authors). In the next part is presented a brief history of the dance, the dance of primitive peoples, what is involved, what used to be a dance was designed and how they are dancing. This is followed by t...
Types of the cerebral arterial circle (circle of Willis in a Sri Lankan Population
Gunasekera WSL
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The variations of the circle of Willis (CW are clinically important as patients with effective collateral circulations have a lower risk of transient ischemic attack and stroke than those with ineffective collaterals. The aim of the present cadaveric study was to investigate the anatomical variations of the CW and to compare the frequency of prevalence of the different variations with previous autopsy studies as variations in the anatomy of the CW as a whole have not been studied in the Indian subcontinent. Methods The external diameter of all the arteries forming the CW in 225 normal Sri Lankan adult cadaver brains was measured using a calibrated grid to determine the prevalence in the variation in CW. Chisquared tests and a correspondence analysis were performed to compare the relative frequencies of prevalence of anatomical variations in the CW across 6 studies of diverse ethnic populations. Results We report 15 types of variations of CW out of 22 types previously described and one additional type: hypoplastic precommunicating part of the anterior cerebral arteries (A1 and contralateral posterior communicating arteries (PcoA 5(2%. Statistically significant differences (p Conclusion The present study reveals that there are significant variations in the CW among intra and inter ethnic groups (Caucasian, African and Asian: Iran and Sri Lanka dominant populations, and warrants further studies keeping the methods of measurements, data assessment, and the definitions of hypoplasia the same.
A review of fast circle and helix fitting
Frühwirth, R; Waltenberger, W; Wroldsen, J
2003-01-01
Circle and helix fitting is of paramount importance in the data analysis of LHC experiments. We review several approaches to exact but fast fitting, including a recent development based on the projection of the measured points onto a second-order surface in space (a sphere or a paraboloid). We present results of a comparison with global and recursive linearized least-squares estimators.
Examining Circle of Security™: A Review of Research and Theory
Mercer, Jean
2015-01-01
The Circle of Security™ interventions are psychosocial treatments intended to increase maternal sensitivity and thus child attachment security in infants and young children. A small number of publications have reported empirical research on outcomes of these treatments. This article reviews the research evidence, plausibility, theoretical…
Circle Time for Social and Emotional Learning in Primary School
Cefai, Carmel; Ferrario, Erika; Cavioni, Valeria; Carter, Audrey; Grech, Tracy
2014-01-01
This paper discusses the findings and implications of a semi-randomised control trial study on the effectiveness of circle time (CT) on primary school students' social and emotional learning, as well as classroom teachers' and students' experience of CT. A social and emotional learning programme was delivered through CT by trained…
Elliptic open books on torus bundles over the circle
Etgü, Tolga
2006-01-01
As an application of the construction of open books on plumbed 3-manifolds, we construct elliptic open books on torus bundles over the circle. In certain cases these open books are compatible with Stein fillable contact structures and have minimal genus.
An Approach for Self-Calibration by a Quartered Circle
Yue Zhao
2013-07-01
Full Text Available The camera calibration is a key step for converting a projective reconstruction into a metric one, which is equivalent to recovering the unknown intrinsic parameters with each image. A circle is a common geometric primitive for the camera self-calibration. To avoid the limit of circle center to the camera self-calibration in a planar template, a method how to solve out the vanishing line is proposed. Then using the property of vanishing line, the camera intrinsic parameters are figured out and the camera self-calibration is achieved. The template contains a quartered circle in the study. Firstly, the camera is used to take photographs of the template from three or more direction. Secondly, using the ellipse and two mutually perpendicular diameters which are extracted from the image, according to the polarity principle and making use of the invariant property of cross-ratio of four lines which are intersected in one same point, the vanishing line can be solved out. In the end, the circular points can be figured out by the intersection between vanishing line and the circle. And using the property of the circular points, the self-calibration is realized.
Role of a circle's center in visual interpolation.
Huang, Liqiang; Vul, Edward
2006-07-01
Basic geometric patterns like straight lines and circles seem fundamental to human perception and mental imagery. In this study we examined subjects' ability to interpolate circular curves-to derive the whole circle from an arc of 180 degrees or less. Specifically, we tested how the center point is utilized during such visual interpolation. Naturally, a mechanism that interpolates by extending the curvature of the visible arc will be unaffected by the presence or absence of the center point. On the other hand, a mechanism that achieves the same end by completing the circle from estimates of the center and radius will be significantly aided by the presence of the center. We found that when the visible arc was long (180 degrees), presenting the circle's center did not affect the precision with which subjects localized the invisible section. However, when the visible arc was relatively short (90 degrees or 45 degrees), displaying the center point significantly increased spatial precision. Thus, both computational mechanisms appear to exist. PMID:16542702
Arctic circles, domino tilings and square Young tableaux
Romik, Dan
2009-01-01
The arctic circle theorem of Jockusch, Propp, and Shor asserts that uniformly random domino tilings of an Aztec diamond of high order are frozen with asymptotically high probability outside the "arctic circle" inscribed within the diamond. A similar arctic circle phenomenon has been observed in the limiting behavior of random square Young tableaux. In this paper, we show that random domino tilings of the Aztec diamond are asymptotically related to random square Young tableaux in a more refined sense that looks also at the behavior inside the arctic circle. This is done by giving a new derivation of the limiting shape of the height function of a random domino tiling of the Aztec diamond that uses the large-deviation techniques developed for the square Young tableaux problem in a previous paper by Pittel and the author. The solution of the variational problem that arises for domino tilings is almost identical to the solution for the case of square Young tableaux by Pittel and the author. The analytic techniques...
Revisiting Cyberbullying in Schools Using the Quality Circle Approach
Paul, Simone; Smith, Peter K.; Blumberg, Herbert H.
2012-01-01
An earlier study reported the use of Quality Circles (QC) in a UK school in the context of understanding and reducing bullying and cyberbullying. Here, we report further work in the same school setting. The QC approach allows explorative analysis of problems in school settings, whereby students embark on a problem-solving exercise over a period of…
The Circle of Courage and Erikson's Psychological Stages.
Coughlan, Felicity; Welsh-Breetzke, Andrea
2002-01-01
Describes the application of positive youth development principles to challenges faced by adolescent females in South Africa. A mainline, Euro-centric theory, Erikson's life stages (1963), is compared with the Circle of Courage model based on Native American Tribal wisdom. The differences and correlation in these approaches are explored through…
School of Urban Wilderness Survival and the Circle of Courage
Marlowe, Jay M.; Pearl, Nick L.; Marlowe, Mike J.
2009-01-01
Brendtro, Brokenleg, and Van Bockern (2002) describe the Circle of Courage model for creating environments in which all children can thrive. This approach blends youth developmental research, the wisdom of pioneer workers, and Native American philosophies of child care. This model for reclaiming youth at risk posits four elements as essential for…
Literature Circles: A Perfect Match for Online Instruction
Whittingham, Jeff
2013-01-01
This article describes the author's search for an appropriate and satisfying online teaching method. After experimenting with several methods (chat room, discussion board, student led discussion), the author reached back to his face-to-face classroom success with literature circles. This article reports the results of research conducted by the…
Sacred Circles: 2000 Years of North American Indian Art
Journal of American Indian Education, 1977
1977-01-01
"Sacred Circles" opened April 16, 1977 at the Nelson Gallery of Art-Atkins Museum of Fine Arts in Kansas City for its only showing in the Americas; the 850 objects on loan from 90 museums and private collectors included the "Adena Pipe" (considered the most important archaeological object found in the eastern US). (JC)
Random walks of a quantum particle on a circle
When the quantum planar rotor is put on a lattice, its dynamics can be approximated by random walks on a circle. This allows for fast and accurate Monto Carlo simulations to determine the topological charge of different configurations of the system and thereby the Θ-dependency of the lowest energy levels
Eyo, Bassey A.
1992-01-01
Examines the dynamics of organizational communication following corporate implementation of quality circles. Describes the rhetorical visions of people at three organizational levels closely associated with quality circles: (1) managers; (2) facilitators who organize the quality circles; and (3) employees. (SR)
Circles of support and accountability: How and why they work for sex offenders
Höing, Mechtild; Bogaerts, Stefan; Vogelvang, Bas
2013-01-01
Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) provide re-integrating sex offenders with a group of trained volunteers who support this rehabilitation process. Effect studies show promising results in reduction of recidivism. This study provides a theoretical underpinning and empirical validation of the COSA intervention model, based on a grounded theory analysis of 38 circle narratives, reflecting the experiences of 21 circles. Four circle functions appear to be essential, with inclusion being...
Transaction Circles with Digital Texts as a Foundation for Democratic Practices
Brown, Sally
2015-01-01
Transaction circles weave together elements of guided reading and literature circles in an open conversational structure that supports students as agentive learners. Discourse within these circles utilizing digital informational texts assist in the development of democratic practices even in a time when federal mandates limit curricula and…
Native American Values and Management Education: Envisioning an Inclusive Virtuous Circle
Verbos, Amy Klemm; Gladstone, Joe S.; Kennedy, Deanna M.
2011-01-01
Circles are symbols of interconnectedness. Behavioral circles can be vicious or virtuous. Many American Indians are caught in a vicious circle of exclusion from the purported benefits of Westernization, entrapment in its negative elements, and the ongoing undermining of their culture and thus their identities. Yet Native Americans, along with many…
The Chicken and the Egg: Inviting Response and Talk through Socratic Circles
Styslinger, Mary E.; Pollock, Timothy
2010-01-01
This collaborative inquiry answers the following questions: 1) What is the nature of talk during Socratic Circles? 2) What is student response to talk? 3) How might knowing more about student response to talk and the nature of talk improve teaching during Socratic Circles? The article first describes the process of implementing Socratic Circles,…
Calculation of Latitude and Longitude for Points on Perimeter of a Circle on a Sphere
Morris, Heidi E. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
2015-08-14
This document describes the calculation of the Earth-Centered Earth Fixed (ECEF) coordinates for points lying on the perimeter of a circle. Here, the perimeter of the circle lies on the surface of the sphere and the center of the planar circle is below the surface. These coordinates are converted to latitude and longitude for mapping fields on the surface of the earth.
Circle contact lenses, also known as color contact lenses and big eye contact lenses, are a type of cosmetic contact lens. It is not generally known that a circle contact lens usually contains iron oxide and other metals, which means their use during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a potential hazard. We present a rare case of incidental discovery of circle contact lenses by MRI and MRI images of circle lenses in vitro. Circle contact lenses usually contain iron oxide, which is a known source of susceptibility artifact on MRI. Not only radiologists and radiographers but also referring physicians should be familiar with the imaging findings and potential risk of scanning circle contact lenses by MRI
Sampling great circles at their rate of innovation
Deslauriers-Gauthier, Samuel; Marziliano, Pina
2013-09-01
In this work, we show that great circles, the intersection of a plane through the origin and a sphere centered at the origin, can be perfectly recovered at their rate of innovation. Specifically, we show that 4K(8K - 7) + 7 samples are sufficient to perfectly recover K great circles, given an appropriate sampling scheme. Moreover, we argue that the number of samples can be reduced to 2K(4K - 1) while maintaining accurate results. This argument is supported by our numerical results. To improve the robustness to noise of our approach, we propose a modification that uses all the available information, instead of the critical amount. The increase in accuracy is demonstrated using numerical simulations.
T-duality for circle bundles via noncommutative geometry
Mathai, Varghese
2013-01-01
Recently Baraglia showed how topological T-duality can be extended to apply not only to principal circle bundles, but also to non-principal circle bundles. We show that his results can also be recovered via two other methods: the homotopy-theoretic approach of Bunke and Schick, and the noncommutative geometry approach which we previously used for principal torus bundles. This work has several interesting byproducts, including a study of the K-theory of crossed products by Isom(R), the universal cover of O(2), and some interesting facts about equivariant K-theory for Z/2. In the final section of this paper, these results are extended to the case of bundles with singular fibers, or in other words, non-free O(2)-actions.
Climate Change and Tourism in the Arctic Circle
Richard S.J. Tol; Sharon Walsh
2012-01-01
We estimate grid level tourist numbers to Arctic Circle countries under a number of climate change scenarios. At present, the highest tourism volumes are found in Canada and most of the Scandinavian countries. In general, it appears that tourists are attracted to regions with better infrastructure and nicer cities. Under each climate change scenario, Russia sees a significant increase in tourist numbers because Russia is big, its climate is expected to show some improvement and it is relative...
Taking a literature circles approach to teach Academic English
Graham-Marr Alastair; Pellowe William
2016-01-01
Literature circles (LC), an activity framework for classroom discussion, has been adapted for EFL classes to help students engage more deeply with reading texts. In this approach, students read texts outside of class, and discuss the texts in class, using a specified discussion framework. Originally developed for L1 classes as a tool for teaching literature, LC has been adapted for EFL classes, not only to help develop reading skills, but also to help students develop their discussion skills....
CS Circles: An In-Browser Python Course for Beginners
Pritchard, David; Vasiga, Troy
2012-01-01
Computer Science Circles is a free programming website for beginners that is designed to be fun, easy to use, and accessible to the broadest possible audience. We teach Python since it is simple yet powerful, and the course content is well-structured but written in plain language. The website has over one hundred exercises in thirty lesson pages, plus special features to help teachers support their students. It is available in both English and French. We discuss the philosophy behind the cour...
Phase-Locking Dynamics in Coupled Circle-Map Lattices
ZHENG Zhi-Gang
2002-01-01
The phase-locking dynamics in 1D and 2D lattices of non-identical coupled circle maps is explored. Aglobal phase locking can be attained via a cascade of clustering processes with the increase of the coupling strength.Collective spatiotemporal dynamics is observed when a global phase locking is reached. Crisis-induced desynchronizationis found, and its consequent spatiotemporal chaos is studied.
Confidence circles for correspondence analysis using orthogonal polynomials
Eric J. Beh
2001-01-01
An alternative approach to classical correspondence analysis was developed in [3] and involves decomposing the matrix of Pearson contingencies of a contingency table using orthogonal polynomials rather than via singular value decomposition. It is especially useful in analysing contingency tables which are of an ordinal nature. This short paper demonstrates that the conﬁdence circles of Lebart, Morineau and Warwick (1984) for the classical approach can be applied to ordinal correspondence anal...
Deviation from Alday-Maldacena duality for wavy circle
Alday-Maldacena conjecture is stated in this paper that the area AΠ of the minimal surface in AdS5 space with a boundary Π, located in Euclidean space at infinity of AdS5, coincides with a double integral DΠ along Π, the Abelian Wilson average in an auxiliary dual model. This comes from Alday and Maldacena's original proposal and the BDS conjecture on the extrapolation of the MHV amplitudes. The boundary Π is a polygon formed by momenta of n external light-like particles in N=4 SYM theory, and in a certain n=∞ limit it can be substituted by an arbitrary smooth curve (wavy circle). The Alday-Maldacena conjecture is known to be violated for n>5, when it fails to be supported by the peculiar global dual conformal invariance, however, the structure of deviations remains obscure. The case of wavy lines can appear more convenient for analysis of these deviations due to the systematic method developed in [H. Itoyama, A. Mironov, A. Morozov, Anomaly in n=∞ Alday-Maldacena duality for wavy circle, JHEP 0807 (2008) 024, (arXiv:0803.1547)] for (perturbative) evaluation of minimal areas, which is not yet available in the presence of angles at finite n. We correct a mistake in that paper and explicitly evaluate the h2h-bar2 terms, where the first deviation from the Alday-Maldacena duality arises for the wavy circle.
Localization techniques in circle-equivariant KK-theory
Emerson, Heath
2010-01-01
Let T be the circle and A be a T-C*-algebra. Then the T-equivariant K-theory of A is a module over the representation ring of the circle. The latter is a Laurent polynomial ring. Using the support of the module as an invariant, and techniques of Atiyah, Bott and Segal, we deduce that there are examples of T-C*-algebras A not KK^T-equivalent to any commutative T-C*-algebra. This is in contrast to the non-equivariant situation, in which any C*-algebra in the boostrap category is KK-equivalent to a commutative one. Our examples arise from dynamics, and include Cuntz-Krieger algebras with their usual circle actions. Using similar techniques, we also prove an equivariant version of the Lefschetz fixed-point formula. This is a special case of a result with Ralf Meyer that applies to general compact connected groups. The Lefschetz theorem equates the module trace of the module map of the T-equivariant K-theory of a smooth compact manifold induced by an equivariant self-correspondence of the manifold, with an appropr...
Sphalerons of O(3) nonlinear sigma model on a circle
A series of saddle point solutions of O(3) nonlinear sigma model with symmetry breaking term in 1 + 1 dimensions are obtained by imposing boundary condition either periodic or partially antiperiodic (O(3) sphalerons on a circle). Under the periodic boundary condition, classical features of the O(3) sphalerons are similar to scalar sphalerons of φ4 model on a circle by Manton and Samols. Under the partially antiperiodic boundary condition, the lowest of the O(3) sphalerons coincides in the limit of infinite spatial domain with the O(3) sphaleron by Mottola and Wipf. In particular, zero and negative modes of them are examined in detail. An estimate of transition rate over the lowest O(3) sphaleron at finite temperature is made, and some remarks on simulating the transition on a lattice are given. One to one correspondence between these O(3) sphalerons on a circle and a series of (possible) classical solutions of SU(2) gauge-Higgs model, to which the electroweak sphaleron S and new sphaleron S* belong, is discussed. (author)
Experimental study of circle grid fractal pattern on turbulent intensity in pipe flow
Fractal turbulence is deemed much more efficient than grid turbulence in terms of a turbulence generation. In this paper, the hotwire experimental results for the circle grids fractal pattern as a turbulent generator will be presented. The self-similar edge characteristic of the circle grid fractal pattern is thought to play a vital role in the enhancement of turbulent intensity. Three different beta ratios of perforated plates based on circle grids fractal pattern were used in the experimental work and each paired with standard circle grids with similar porosity. The objectives were to study the fractal scaling influence on the flow and also to explore the potential of the circle grids fractal pattern in enhancing the turbulent intensity. The results provided an excellent insight of the fractal generated turbulence and the fractal flow physics. Across the circle grids fractal pattern, the pressure drop was lower but the turbulent intensity was higher than those across the paired standard circle grids
Microbial Biomass and Population Densities of Non-Sorted Circles in High Arctic Ecosystems
Rivera-Figueroa, F.; González, G.; Gould, W. A.; Cantrell, S.; Pérez, J.
2006-12-01
Non-sorted circles are small patterned-ground features that occur in arctic soils as a result of intensive frost heave action. This tundra feature has been extensively described. However, little is known about the ecological relationships between this pattern and above- and belowground organisms. In this study, we compare the biomass and populaton densities of microbes in non-sorted circles and the vegetated surrounding soils (inter-circles) in the High Arctic. We collected soil samples during the summer of 2004 and 2005 on Banks and Prince Patrick and Ellef Ringnes Islands, Canada. Soil samples (0-10 cm) were gathered from non- sorted circles and inter-circles along a topographic sequence: dry (ridge), mesic (mid slope) and wet (valley) and along three transects in zonal (mesic) sites on each island. We estimated total microbial biomass and bacterial population densities using substrate induce respiration (SIR) and the most probable number method (MPN), respectively. We also isolated soil fungi using Rose Bengal and Saboraud Dextrose culture media. We are in the process of analyzing the catena samples using a terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (TRFLP) technique of PCR-amplified 16S rRNA. Based on the SIR trials, the average microbial biomass at the mid slope position in the Banks site (Green Cabin) was 0.49 mg C g-1 dry soil in the non- sorted circles and 0.95 mg C g-1 dry soil in the inter-circles. At Prince Patrick Island (Mould Bay) the microbial biomass was 0.54 mg C g-1 dry soil in the non-sorted circles and 0.74 mg C g-1 dry soil in the inter-circles. In Ellef Ringnes (Isachsen) the microbial biomass was 0.09 mg C g-1 dry soil in the non- sorted circles and 0.14 mg C g-1 dry soil in the inter-circles. At the mesic site at Green Cabin, bacteria vary from 2.92 x 106 cell g-1 dry soil in the non-sorted circles to 6.74 x 106 cell g-1 dry soil in the inter-circles. At Mould Bay the range was 7.67 x 105 cells g-1 dry soil in the non-sorted circles
Stereoscopic Machine-Vision System Using Projected Circles
Mackey, Jeffrey R.
2010-01-01
A machine-vision system capable of detecting obstacles large enough to damage or trap a robotic vehicle is undergoing development. The system includes (1) a pattern generator that projects concentric circles of laser light forward onto the terrain, (2) a stereoscopic pair of cameras that are aimed forward to acquire images of the circles, (3) a frame grabber and digitizer for acquiring image data from the cameras, and (4) a single-board computer that processes the data. The system is being developed as a prototype of machine- vision systems to enable robotic vehicles ( rovers ) on remote planets to avoid craters, large rocks, and other terrain features that could capture or damage the vehicles. Potential terrestrial applications of systems like this one could include terrain mapping, collision avoidance, navigation of robotic vehicles, mining, and robotic rescue. This system is based partly on the same principles as those of a prior stereoscopic machine-vision system in which the cameras acquire images of a single stripe of laser light that is swept forward across the terrain. However, this system is designed to afford improvements over some of the undesirable features of the prior system, including the need for a pan-and-tilt mechanism to aim the laser to generate the swept stripe, ambiguities in interpretation of the single-stripe image, the time needed to sweep the stripe across the terrain and process the data from many images acquired during that time, and difficulty of calibration because of the narrowness of the stripe. In this system, the pattern generator does not contain any moving parts and need not be mounted on a pan-and-tilt mechanism: the pattern of concentric circles is projected steadily in the forward direction. The system calibrates itself by use of data acquired during projection of the concentric-circle pattern onto a known target representing flat ground. The calibration- target image data are stored in the computer memory for use as a
Connecting a Set of Circles with Minimum Sum of Radii
Chambers, Erin Wolf; Hoffmann, Hella-Franziska; Marinakis, Dimitri; Mitchell, Joseph S B; Srinivasan, Venkatesh; Stege, Ulrike; Whitesides, Sue
2011-01-01
We consider the problem of assigning radii to a given set of points in the plane, such that the resulting set of circles is connected, and the sum of radii is minimized. We show that the problem is polynomially solvable if a connectivity tree is given. If the connectivity tree is unknown, the problem is NP-hard if there are upper bounds on the radii and open otherwise. We give approximation guarantees for a variety of polynomial-time algorithms, describe upper and lower bounds (which are matching in some of the cases), provide polynomial-time approximation schemes, and conclude with experimental results and open problems.
The Importance of Implementation of the Quality Circles in Romania
NELU FLOREA
2006-01-01
Full Text Available Quality Circles would represent an effective and less expensive solution in order to improve quality level in Romanian companies which manufacture products, would motivate and turn to account more the human resources potential, transforming it from cost into resource, would generate operative solutions to solve many problems which a company must confront with day by day. The effect is overall better working climate, improved employee health, safety and morale, helping to enlarge a mentality focused on a high quality level for company‘s products.
Random Domino Tilings and the Arctic Circle Theorem
Jockusch, William; Propp, James; Shor, Peter
1998-01-01
In this article we study domino tilings of a family of finite regions called Aztec diamonds. Every such tiling determines a partition of the Aztec diamond into five sub-regions; in the four outer sub-regions, every tile lines up with nearby tiles, while in the fifth, central sub-region, differently-oriented tiles co-exist side by side. We show that when n is sufficiently large, the shape of the central sub-region becomes arbitrarily close to a perfect circle of radius n/sqrt(2) for all but a ...
Deviation from Alday-Maldacena Duality For Wavy Circle
Galakhov, D.; Itoyama, H.; Mironov, A.; Morozov, A.
2008-01-01
Alday-Maldacena conjecture is that the area A_P of the minimal surface in AdS_5 space with a boundary P, located in Euclidean space at infinity of AdS_5, coincides with a double integral D_P along P, the Abelian Wilson average in an auxiliary dual model. The boundary P is a polygon formed by momenta of n external light-like particles in N=4 SYM theory, and in a certain n=infty limit it can be substituted by an arbitrary smooth curve (wavy circle). The Alday-Maldacena conjecture is known to be...
The Phenomenological Circle and the Unity of Life and Thought.
Atwood, George E; Stolorow, Robert D
2016-06-01
This paper describes the important role of our deep immersions in philosophy in the development of our phenomenological-contextualist approach to psychoanalysis. Influenced most particularly by the phenomenological movement, our collaborative dialogue over more than four decades has led us to a shared commitment to reflection upon the philosophical underpinnings and constitutive contexts of origin of all our theoretical ideas. The growth of our thinking follows an endlessly recurring phenomenological circle joining theoretical perspectives with the inquirers from whose emotional worlds they arise. PMID:27248037
Social Circles: A 3D User Interface for Facebook
Rodrigues, Diego; Oakley, Ian
Online social network services are increasingly popular web applications which display large amounts of rich multimedia content: contacts, status updates, photos and event information. Arguing that this quantity of information overwhelms conventional user interfaces, this paper presents Social Circles, a rich interactive visualization designed to support real world users of social network services in everyday tasks such as keeping up with friends and organizing their network. It achieves this by using 3D UIs, fluid animations and a spatial metaphor to enable direct manipulation of a social network.
Detecting Circles Using a Two-Stage Approach
Wen-Yen Wu
2014-01-01
We propose a two-stage method for detecting circular objects in this paper. In the first stage, curves are divided as linear segments or nonlinear segments. A least square estimator is used to find the estimated centers and radii of the nonlinear segments in the second stage. The found centers and radii are then evaluated to see if there exist circles in the nonlinear segments. Both of the broken and occluded circular objects are evaluated for the proposed method. From the experimental results, it is seen that the proposed method is efficient.
Chimera states in coupled sine-circle map lattices
Nayak, Chitra R.; Gupte, Neelima
2010-01-01
Systems of coupled oscillators have been seen to exhibit chimera states, i.e. states where the system splits into two groups where one group is phase locked and the other is phase randomized. In this work, we report the existence of chimera states in a system of two interacting populations of sine circle maps. This system also exhibits the clustered chimera behavior seen earlier in delay coupled systems. Rich spatio-temporal behavior is seen in different regimes of the phase diagram.We carry ...
Spectra of mothers of premature children about the educative circle of culture.
Couto, Camila Santos do; Tupinambá, Milena Colares; Rangel, Aldecira Uchôa Monteiro; Frota, Mirna Albuquerque; Martins, Elis Mayre da Costa Silveira; Nobre, Caroline Soares; Landim, Átima Luna Pinheiro
2014-12-01
We sought to know the spectra of mothers of premature children regarding their experience with circle of culture of educational character and identifying the learning provided by the circle of culture about newborn care after hospital discharge. A descriptive study was performed in a hospital located in Fortaleza, Brazil. Three meetings of a circle of culture with 17 mothers of premature newborns were performed. The interpretation of the corpus was performed using thematic analysis. Emerged from the categories: Maternal experience in a circle of culture; Promoted social support among mothers through the circle of culture; and Learning provided by the circle of culture. It was concluded that teaching parents during the hospitalization of the child should be held in a way to involve parents in the care of the newborn, provide moments of health education, opportunities for support and dialogue between professionals and family. PMID:25830729
SPECTRA OF MOTHERS OF PREMATURE CHILDREN ABOUT THE EDUCATIVE CIRCLE OF CULTURE
Camila Santos do Couto
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Abstract We sought to know the spectra of mothers of premature children regarding their experience with circle of culture of educational character and identifying the learning provided by the circle of culture about newborn care after hospital discharge. A descriptive study was performed in a hospital located in Fortaleza, Brazil. Three meetings of a circle of culture with 17 mothers of premature newborns were performed. The interpretation of the corpus was performed using thematic analysis. Emerged from the categories: Maternal experience in a circle of culture; Promoted social support among mothers through the circle of culture; and Learning provided by the circle of culture. It was concluded that teaching parents during the hospitalization of the child should be held in a way to involve parents in the care of the newborn, provide moments of health education, opportunities for support and dialogue between professionals and family.
Pre-big-bang cosmology and circles in the cosmic microwave background
We examine the possibility that circles in the cosmic microwave background could be formed by the interaction of a gravitational wave pulse emitted in some pre-big-bang phase of the universe with the last scattering surface. We derive the expected size distribution of such circles, as well as their typical ring width and (for concentric circles) angular separation. We apply these results, in particular, to conformal cyclic cosmology, ekpyrotic cosmology as well as loop quantum cosmology with and without inflation in order to determine how the predicted geometric properties of these circles would vary from one model to the other, and thus, if detected, could allow us to differentiate between various pre-big-bang cosmological models. We also obtain a relation between the angular ring width and the angular radius of such circles that can be used in order to determine whether or not circles observed in the cosmic microwave background are due to energetic pre-big-bang events.
Multi Circle Detection on Images Using Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) Optimization
Cuevas, Erik; Sencion-Echauri, Felipe; Zaldivar, Daniel; Cisneros, Marco Perez
2014-01-01
Hough transform (HT) has been the most common method for circle detection, exhibiting robustness, but adversely demanding considerable computational effort and large memory requirements. Alternative approaches include heuristic methods that employ iterative optimization procedures for detecting multiple circles. Since only one circle can be marked at each optimization cycle, multiple executions must be enforced in order to achieve multi detection. This paper presents an algorithm for automati...
SPECTRA OF MOTHERS OF PREMATURE CHILDREN ABOUT THE EDUCATIVE CIRCLE OF CULTURE
Camila Santos do Couto; Milena Colares Tupinambá; Aldecira Uchôa Monteiro Rangel; Mirna Albuquerque Frota; Elis Mayre da Costa Silveira Martins; Caroline Soares Nobre; átima Luna Pinheiro Landim
2014-01-01
Abstract We sought to know the spectra of mothers of premature children regarding their experience with circle of culture of educational character and identifying the learning provided by the circle of culture about newborn care after hospital discharge. A descriptive study was performed in a hospital located in Fortaleza, Brazil. Three meetings of a circle of culture with 17 mothers of premature newborns were performed. The interpretation of the corpus was performed using thematic analysis. ...
Two personification strategies for solving circles packing problem
黄文奇[1; 许如初[2
1999-01-01
Two personification strategies are presented, which yield a highly efficient and practical algorithm for solving one of the NP hard problems——circles packing problem on the basis of the quasi-physical algorithm. A very clever polynomial time complexity degree approximate algorithm for solving this problem has been reported by Dorit S.Hochbaum and Wolfgang Maass in J. ACM. Their algorithm is extremely thorough-going and of great theoretical significance. But, just as they pointed out, their algorithm is feasible only in conception and even for examples frequently encountered in everyday life and of small scale, it is the case more often than not that up to a million years would be needed to perform calculations with this algorithm. It is suggested toward the end of their paper that a heuristic algorithm of higher practical effectiveness should be sought out. A direct response to their suggestion is intented to provide.
The rotation of the Galaxy within the solar circle
Alvarez, H.; May, J.; Bronfman, L. (Universidad de Chile, Santiago (Chile))
1990-01-01
A rotation curve for the Galaxy within the solar circle is found using data from the fourth Galactic quadrant. The observations are consistent with a picture in which the Galaxy rotates with a circular velocity of 209 + or - 2 km/s between Galactocentric distances of 0.24 and 1.0 solar radius. Clouds associated with a part of the Carina spiral arm exhibit an average rotation velocity 12 km/s higher than expected, implying an apparent anomalous motion. An excess in velocity of about the same magnitude observed at the tangent direction of the Centaurus arm is attributed to streaming and internal motions of large molecular complexes. Similar phenomena found in the Sagittarius and Scutum arms by northern observers strongly support the hypothesis that Carina is the continuation of the Sagittarius arm and Centaurus is that of the Scutum arm. 30 refs.
Literature circles book club for science and language arts
Bombard, Britain
Students from an urban middle school participated in a Science Book Club for one semester using the literature circles format. These students voluntarily attended twice weekly lunch meetings, reading books that followed their Grade 7 science classes. Groups of three to six participants read the same text, each performing rotating jobs to improve group discussions during meetings. When a group completed a book, participants created a presentation to share what they learned with the other groups in the club and the researcher/teacher. This research measured gains in science content knowledge and language arts skills focusing on reading comprehension, and literary response and analysis. Gains were measured using pre-existing district benchmarks. An ANCOVA showed that while no gains were found in science content knowledge, there were gains in language arts in the areas of reading comprehension and literary response and analysis.
BOUNDARY INTEGRAL FORMULA OF ELASTIC PROBLEMS IN CIRCLE PLANE
DONG Zheng-zhu; LI Shun-cai; YU De-hao
2005-01-01
By bianalytic functions, the boundary integral formula of the stress function for the elastic problem in a circle plane is developed. But this integral formula includes a strongly singular integral and can not be directly calculated. After the stress function is expounded to Fourier series, making use of some formulas in generalized functions to the convolutions, the boundary integral formula which does not include strongly singular integral is derived further. Then the stress function can be got simply by the integration of the values of the stress function and its derivative on the boundary. Some examples are given. It shows that the boundary integral formula of the stress function for the elastic problem is convenient.
Planar maps, circle patterns and 2d gravity
David, Francois
2013-01-01
Via circle pattern techniques, random planar triangulations (with angle variables) are mapped onto Delaunay triangulations in the complex plane. The uniform measure on triangulations is mapped onto a conformally invariant spatial point process. We show that this measure can be expressed as: (1) a sum over 3-spanning-trees partitions of the edges of the Delaunay triangulations; (2) the volume form of a K\\"ahler metric over the space of Delaunay triangulations, whose prepotential has a simple formulation in term of ideal tessellations of the 3d hyperbolic space; (3) a discretized version (involving finite difference complex derivative operators) of Polyakov's conformal Fadeev-Popov determinant in 2d gravity; (4) a combination of Chern classes, thus also establishing a link with topological 2d gravity.
Minimalisasi Kekurangan Material Melalui Implementasi Quality Control Circle
Togar W. S. Panjaitan
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The revolution of traditional quality management concept into total quality management (TQM inspired industry for establishing and implementing quality control circle (QCC. Before starting a project as the implementation of the QCC, the training was held for supporting the knowledge of the QCC team. As the pilot project of the QCC, this research will try to minimize the percentage of the lack material in the production process of 8340 type by working together with the QCC team. The result of QCC implementation could reach the target set by the team, the percentage of the lack material reached less than 3%. The percentage of the lack material kontaktarm reduced from 3.09% to 0.00%, flachdrahtspule reduced from 9.20% to 0.40%, and niet reduced from 7.71% to 2.73%. Besides, the implementation of QCC also resulted in positive impact for all the members of the team about the benefits and experiences gained.
No evidence for anomalously low variance circles on the sky
Moss, Adam; Zibin, James P
2010-01-01
In a recent paper, Gurzadyan & Penrose claim to have found directions on the sky centred on which are circles of anomalously low variance in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). These features are presented as evidence for a particular picture of the very early Universe. We attempted to repeat the analysis of these authors, and we can indeed confirm that such variations do exist in the temperature variance for annuli around points in the data. However, we find that this variation is entirely expected in a sky which contains the usual CMB anisotropies. In other words, properly simulated Gaussian CMB data contain just the sorts of variations claimed. Gurzadyan & Penrose have not found evidence for pre-Big Bang phenomena, but have simply re-discovered that the CMB contains structure.
Periodic orbits of circle homeomorphisms with a break point
Let fθ(x) = F0(x) + θ (mod1), x is an element of S1 , θ is an element of [0,1] be a family of preserving orientation circle homeomorphisms with a single break point xb, i.e. with a jump in the first derivative F0 at the point x = xb. Suppose that F'0(x) is absolutely continuous on [xb, xb +1] and F''0(x) is an element of Lα([0,1]) for some α> 1. Consider fθ with rational rotation number ρθ = p/q of rank n, i.e. p/q = [k1, k2, ...,kn]. We prove that for sufficiently large n, the homeomorphism fθ has either a unique periodic orbit of period q or two periodic orbits of period q. Also the renormalization behaviour of fθ with rational rotation number p ρθ = p/q is studied. (author)
G2 cubic transition between two circles with shape control
Habib, Zulfiqar; Sakai, Manabu
2009-01-01
This paper describes a method for joining two circles with an S-shaped or with a broken back C-shaped transition curve, composed of at most two spiral segments. In highway and railway route design or car-like robot path planning, it is often desirable to have such a transition. It is shown that a single cubic curve can be used for blending or for a transition curve preserving G2 continuity with local shape control parameter and more flexible constraints. Provision of the shape parameter and flexibility provide freedom to modify the shape in a stable manner which is an advantage over previous work by Meek, Walton, Sakai and Habib.
Migraine without aura is not associated with incomplete circle of Willis
Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Amin, Faisal Mohammad; Obaid, Hayder Ghani;
2014-01-01
the prevalence of incomplete circle of Willis in migraineurs and controls. In the present study we compared the prevalence of incomplete circle of Willis in female migraine patients without aura to female healthy non-migraine controls.Using 3-Tesla magnetic resonance angiography we recorded three...
On the Existence of Periodic Orbits for the Fixed Homogeneous Circle Problem
Azevedo, C.; Ontaneda, P.
2005-01-01
We prove the existence of some types of periodic orbits for a particle moving in Euclidean three-space under the influence of the gravitational force induced by a fixed homogeneous circle. These types include periodic orbits very far and very near the homogeneous circle, as well as eight and spiral periodic orbits.
Providing a Full Circle of Support to Teachers in an Inclusive Elementary School
Waldron, Nancy L.; Redd, Lacy
2011-01-01
Providing a full circle of support to teachers in an inclusive elementary school, the Newberry Elementary School (NES) principal and staff have worked for 5 years to ensure the inclusion of students with disabilities in general education classrooms. The authors would like to share their perceptions of how this full circle (the multiple systems) of…
RiemCirc: A Generator of Nodes and Weights for Riemann Integration on the Circle
Mathar, Richard J
2011-01-01
RiemCirc is a C++ program which allocates points inside the unit circle for numerical quadrature on the circle, aiming at homogeneous equidistant distribution. The weights of the quadrature rule are computed by the area of the tiles that surround these nodes. The shapes of the areas are polygonal, defined by Voronoi tessellation.
Table or Circles: A Comparison of Two Methods for Choosing among Career Alternatives
Amit, Adi; Gati, Itamar
2013-01-01
A sample of 182 young adults about to choose their college major were randomly assigned to 2 guidance methods aimed at facilitating choosing among promising career alternatives: Table-for-Choice and Circles-for-Choice. Table-for-Choice was perceived as more effective, but individuals' confidence in their choice was higher in the Circles-for-Choice…
Systematic comparison of the use of annular and Zernike circle polynomials for annular wavefronts
Mahajan, V.N.; Aftab, M.
2010-01-01
The theory of wavefront analysis of a noncircular wavefront is given and applied for a systematic comparison of the use of annular and Zernike circle polynomials for the analysis of an annular wavefront. It is shown that, unlike the annular coefficients, the circle coefficients generally change as t
Munchus, G
1983-04-01
This paper traces the development of the quality circle in Japan with reference to such traditions as permanent employment, nenko (seniority-based compensation), enterprise unionism, and management paternalism. Quality circles are examined as tools for motivating employees, reducing labor turnover, effecting employee "career expansion," and allowing employee participation in job redesign. PMID:10263059
A surface containing a line and a circle through each point is a quadric
Nilov, Fedor K.
2012-06-20
We prove that a surface in 3-dimensional Euclidean space containing a line and a circle through each point is a quadric. We also give some particular results on the classification of surfaces containing several circles through each point. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Evaluation for the minimum circumscribed circle based on the rotation method
This note presents a novel search algorithm for construction of the alpha hull to determine the minimum circumscribed circle. The candidate points of the minimum circumscribed circle can be obtained based on the rotation method under a known radius. Several examples have been used to validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. (technical design note)
A Variant of K-Theory and Topological T-Duality for Real Circle Bundles
Gomi, Kiyonori
2015-03-01
For a space with involutive action, there is a variant of K-theory. Motivated by T-duality in type II orbifold string theory, we establish that a twisted version of the variant enjoys a topological T-duality for Real circle bundles, i.e., circle bundles with real structure.
Metaxas, Nikolaos; Karagiannidou, Andromachi
2010-01-01
Visualization of mathematical relationships enables students to formulate conjectures as well as to search for mathematical arguments to support these conjectures. In this project students are asked to discover the sufficient and necessary condition so that two circles form the circumscribed and inscribed circle of a triangle and investigate how…
Comparing Interactions in Literature Circles in Both Online and in Class Discussions
Skeen, Christel Ghrist
2014-01-01
Discourse analysis of literature circles can lead educators to understand the different types of interactions taking place as students talk about text. Social and academic interactions exist in both face-to-face and online discussions of reading material. This study examines two different settings of literature circles and compares interactions of…
Falter Thomas, Angela
2014-01-01
In this study, I explored the motivation of middle school students participating in online literature circles facilitated by college students, compared to traditional face-to-face literature circles they previously utilized. Sixty-eight rural, middle school students from two English teachers' classrooms took part in two sets of online literature…
A new method for fast circle detection in a complex background image
Wu, Meijun; Yang, Jie; Sun, Yadong
2011-11-01
A new method for circle detection, Hough gradient clustering method, has been developed in this paper. By using gradient direction angle to find the diameter of a circle, the new method can rapidly detect the circle in a complex background. The crucial steps in this method are the feature extraction and the clustering of the points which have the same gray direction angle and are collinear along the gradient direction. The application of the two-to-one space mapping and 1-2Hough transform can further reduce the useless calculation in the process of circle detection. Comparing with the Hough gradient method in OpenCV, the newly developed method shows a higher efficiency of circle detection in a complex background image as well as a great improvement in the anti-noise ability.
Muukka, Eija
2009-01-01
SusCa circles working for promoting sustainable foodstuff procurement are starting operations all around Finland. SusCa circles are part of EkoCentria's Sustainable Catering in Public Services project.
The role of Circle women in curbing violence against women and girls in Africa
Sylvia Owusu-Ansah
2016-07-01
Full Text Available The article looks at the role Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians (the Circle have played in the struggle to end or reduce the rate at which violence against women and girls occurs in West Africa by highlighting the contributions of older Circle women, especially the initiator of the Circle, Mercy Amba Oduyoye. The initiator of the Circle and other older Circle women have left a remarkable legacy that needs to continue by the current and future generations of the Circle. The background information examines the leadership and mentorship of Mercy Amba Oduyoye and the impact she has made in the lives of African women. The essay then looks at the types of violence that women face in West Africa with the specific contributions of Circle women in the struggle to end violence against women and girls. It then argues that Circle women have played very significant roles both in setting the pace and giving the platform for women activities to minimise gender-based violence against women and girls. Circle women have written and presented papers that have addressed many challenges including HIV and/or AIDS, Girl Child trafficking, Marriage of Minors, and almost all kinds of violence against women and girls. Currently, religious violence threatens the fabric of African nations causing insecurity and panic, women and girls being the most vulnerable. The challenge to the present and future Circle members is to contribute in significant ways towards religious harmony in Africa and beyond. The Circle acknowledges the leadership role of women and encourages them to spearhead the liberation of women as well as empower them to be able to aspire to get to the top or become independent. No one understands what someone else feels better than the person experiencing the ordeal. Women can better understand what they go through and also have the passion to strive towards liberation.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: In this article, the
Kinetics of the forelimb in horses circling on different ground surfaces at the trot.
Chateau, Henry; Camus, Mathieu; Holden-Douilly, Laurène; Falala, Sylvain; Ravary, Bérangère; Vergari, Claudio; Lepley, Justine; Denoix, Jean-Marie; Pourcelot, Philippe; Crevier-Denoix, Nathalie
2013-12-01
Circling increases the expression of distal forelimb lameness in the horse, depending on rein, diameter and surface properties of the circle. However, there is limited information about the kinetics of horses trotting on circles. The aim of this study was to quantify ground reaction force (GRF) and moments in the inside and outside forelimb of horses trotting on circles and to compare the results obtained on different ground surfaces. The right front hoof of six horses was equipped with a dynamometric horseshoe, allowing the measurement of 3-dimensional GRF, moments and trajectory of the centre of pressure. The horses were lunged at slow trot (3 m/s) on right and left 4 m radius circles on asphalt and on a fibre sand surface. During circling, the inside forelimb produced a smaller peak vertical force and the stance phase was longer in comparison with the outside forelimb. Both right and left circling produced a substantial transversal force directed outwards. On a soft surface (sand fibre), the peak transversal force and moments around the longitudinal and vertical axes of the hoof were significantly decreased in comparison with a hard surface (asphalt). Sinking of the lateral or medial part of the hoof in a more compliant surface enables reallocation of part of the transversal force into a proximo-distal force, aligned with the limb axis, thus limiting extrasagittal stress on the joints. PMID:24511634
Discovery of an Equilibrium Circle in the Circular Restricted Three Body Problem
Fawzy A. Abd El-Salam
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: A traial to find equilibrium points in out of plane of the restricted three body problem. Approach: Solution of the equations of motion at equilibrium points. Linearizing the equations of motion and computing the eigen values to investigate the stability. Results: New triangular equilibrium points in plane perpendicular to the plane of motion and passing through Lagrange triangular equilibrium points are obtained. A circle of equilibrium points, namely Fawzy equilibrium circle is discovered. Infinite number of equilibrium points located on the circumference of this circle are computed. The obtained solutions are checked via obtaining some special cases. The stability of Fawzy equilibrium circle is studied. The oscillatory stable solutions as Î·-dependent and Î¾-dependent stabilities are derived. Conclusion: The equilibrium points in out of plane of motion of the restricted three body problem is investigated. We obtained the following very new results:- First we obtained Fawzy Î¾Î¾-triangular equilibrium points in the plane Î· = 0. Second we obtained the so called Fawzy equilibrium circle. We checked our solutions via obtaining some special cases. We studied the stability of Fawzy equilibrium circle. We derived the oscillatory stable solutions as Î·-dependent and Î¾-dependent stabilities. The stability of Lagrange as well as Fawzy triangular equilibrium points followed directly because they are subsets of the Fawzy equilibrium circle.
Vienna Circle and Logical Analysis of Relativity Theory
Andréka, H; Németi, I; Németi, P; Székely, G
2011-01-01
In this paper we present some of our school's results in the area of building up relativity theory (RT) as a hierarchy of theories in the sense of logic. We use plain first-order logic (FOL) as in the foundation of mathematics (FOM) and we build on experience gained in FOM. The main aims of our school are the following: We want to base the theory on simple, unambiguous axioms with clear meanings. It should be absolutely understandable for any reader what the axioms say and the reader can decide about each axiom whether he likes it. The theory should be built up from these axioms in a straightforward, logical manner. We want to provide an analysis of the logical structure of the theory. We investigate which axioms are needed for which predictions of RT. We want to make RT more transparent logically, easier to understand, easier to change, modular, and easier to teach. We want to obtain deeper understanding of RT. Our work can be considered as a case-study showing that the Vienna Circle's (VC) approach to doing...
Taking a literature circles approach to teach Academic English
Graham-Marr Alastair
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Literature circles (LC, an activity framework for classroom discussion, has been adapted for EFL classes to help students engage more deeply with reading texts. In this approach, students read texts outside of class, and discuss the texts in class, using a specified discussion framework. Originally developed for L1 classes as a tool for teaching literature, LC has been adapted for EFL classes, not only to help develop reading skills, but also to help students develop their discussion skills. However, to date, many adaptations of LC have relied on graded fiction as source material, which is not always appropriate for tertiary education. Feeling pressure to match course content with the labour market needs of our contemporary global society, English departments are increasingly being asked to include more academic content in their classes. This requires that non-fiction be used as source material. This preliminary study examines student perceptions of an LC class using non-fiction as source material. The subjects of this short, qualitative, pilot study were engineering students at a university in Japan. Procedures of the class and the issues that emerged are discussed.
End of the line to build a circle
2006-01-01
The installation of the cryogenic distribution line in the LHC tunnel is finally finished! All the sectors have undergone pressure and helium leak tests at room temperature, and one complete sector was cold tested in cryogenic conditions. Some of the QRL team in UJ22 of the LHC tunnel, where the last sector of the cryogenic distribution line was installed.It must have been a joyous moment in UJ22 of the LHC tunnel (near Point 2, Saint Genis Pouilly) on 19 October. This was where the last external weld of the cryogenic distribution line, also known as QRL, was made, thus completing the full distribution ring. The QRL is a circle built in 8 sectors, each approximately 3 km in length. It will circulate helium in liquid and gas phases, at different temperatures and pressures, to provide the cryogenic conditions for the superconducting magnets in the LHC tunnel. The last sector installed (sector 1-2) passed the pressure and helium leak tests at room temperature on 28 October. As part of the warm test, each sector...
Viroid Replication: Rolling-Circles, Enzymes and Ribozymes
Marcos De la Peña
2009-09-01
Full Text Available Viroids, due to their small size and lack of protein-coding capacity, must rely essentially on their hosts for replication. Intriguingly, viroids have evolved the ability to replicate in two cellular organella, the nucleus (family Pospiviroidae and the chloroplast (family Avsunviroidae. Viroid replication proceeds through an RNA-based rolling-circle mechanism with three steps that, with some variations, operate in both polarity strands: i synthesis of longer-than-unit strands catalyzed by either the nuclear RNA polymerase II or a nuclear-encoded chloroplastic RNA polymerase, in both instances redirected to transcribe RNA templates, ii cleavage to unit-length, which in the family Avsunviroidae is mediated by hammerhead ribozymes embedded in both polarity strands, while in the family Pospiviroidae the oligomeric RNAs provide the proper conformation but not the catalytic activity, and iii circularization. The host RNA polymerases, most likely assisted by additional host proteins, start transcription from specific sites, thus implying the existence of viroid promoters. Cleavage and ligation in the family Pospiviroidae is probably catalyzed by an RNase III-like enzyme and an RNA ligase able to circularize the resulting 5’ and 3’ termini. Whether a chloroplastic RNA ligase mediates circularization in the family Avsunviroidae, or this reaction is autocatalytic, remains an open issue.
Complex velocity potential for an ellipse and a circle in translation and rotation
Sun, R.; Chwang, A. T.
1997-12-01
This paper investigates the analytical solutions of two-dimensional Neumann-type external boundary-value problem for an ellipse and a circle in complex analysis treatment. The transformation of harmonics between two planes is expanded in Laurent series. The circle theorem is extended so as to suit to the system of the ellipse and the circle. By means of Basset's process, the harmonic expressions of the system are found in the form of recurrence formulae which are suitable for numerical computations. The complex velocity potential of the system in translation and rotation is represented by the summation of the harmonic expressions.
17th century arguments for the impossibility of the indefinite and the definite circle quadrature
Lützen, Jesper
2014-01-01
statements related to the quadrature of the circle. In this paper the impossibility arguments put forward by Wallis, Gregory, Leibniz and Newton are analyzed and the controversies they gave rise to are discussed. They all deal with the impossibility of finding an algebraic expression of the area of a sector...... of a circle in terms of its radius and cord, or of the area of the entire circle. It is argued that the controversies were partly due to a lack of precision in the formulation of the results. The impossibility results were all part of a constructive problem solving mathematical enterprise. They were...
Geologic Provinces of the Circum-Arctic, 2008 (north of the Arctic Circle)
U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This shapefile includes arcs and polygons that describe U.S. Geological Survey defined 33 geologic provinces of the Circum-Arctic (north of the Arctic Circle). Each...
Foregger, R
2000-07-01
The circle breathing CO2 absorption system for use during acetylene anesthesia was described by Carl Gauss in 1924/1925. The apparatus was manufactured by Drägerwerk of Lübeck. A considerable number of publications on the apparatus employing the closed circle method of CO2 absorption appeared in the medical press soon thereafter. Later apparatus models, also built by Drägerwerk, were adapted for nitrous oxide-oxygen-ether anesthesia and introduced into practice by Paul Sudeck and Helmut Schmidt. Information about all this was transmitted to America through the German medical press, including the Draeger-Hefte. American anesthesia machine manufacturers began to develop closed circle CO2 absorbers several years later. Claims that the circle breathing CO2 absorption method was introduced into anesthesia practice by Brian Sword are not valid. PMID:10969391
Berger, C. A.
2014-01-01
This thesis examines the involvement of Alfred Stieglitz – photographer, editor, art collector, impresario, talker – and his circle in the development of American modernism in the first three decades of the twentieth century. Through the analysis of photographs and artworks in other media by the Stieglitz group, the journal Camera Work, the gallery 291, a vast correspondence and art theory, criticism and social thought of the period, Stieglitz and his circle are situated in the context of an ...
Detection of HIV cDNA Point Mutations with Rolling-Circle Amplification Arrays
Zhongwei Wu; Zuhong Lu; Quanjun Liu; Lingwei Wu
2010-01-01
In this paper we describe an isothermal rolling-circle amplification (RCA) protocol to detect gene point mutations on chips. The method is based on an allele-specific oligonucleotide circularization mediated by a special DNA ligase. The probe is circularized when perfect complementary sequences between the probe oligonucleotide and HIV cDNA gene. Mismatches around the ligation site can prevent probe circularization. The circularized probe (C-probe) can be amplified by rolling circle amplifica...
The Arithmetic of Elliptic Fibrations in Gauge Theories on a Circle
Grimm, Thomas W.; Kapfer, Andreas; Klevers, Denis
2015-01-01
The geometry of elliptic fibrations translates to the physics of gauge theories in F-theory. We systematically develop the dictionary between arithmetic structures on elliptic curves as well as desingularized elliptic fibrations and symmetries of gauge theories on a circle. We show that the Mordell-Weil group law matches integral large gauge transformations around the circle in Abelian gauge theories and explain the significance of Mordell-Weil torsion in this context. We also use Higgs trans...
A New Archaeoastronomical Investigation of the Irish Axial-Stone Circles
Prendergast, Frank T.; Ruggles, Clive L.
1996-01-01
This paper presents the preliminary results of a project undertaken in 1994 to investigate the astronomical potential of the axial-stone circles (ASCs) of seven or more stones in Counties Cork and Kerry, south-west Ireland. This group of sites is of particular interest in that the monuments in the group bear a striking resemblance to the recumbent stone circles (RSCs) of Aberdeenshire, eastern Scotland, which appear to exhibit a strong pattern of alignment in relation to prominent hilltop sum...
Discriminants and functional equations for polynomials orthogonal on the unit circle
We derive raising and lowering operators for orthogonal polynomials on the unit circle and find second order differential and q-difference equations for these polynomials. A general functional equation is found which allows one to relate the zeros of the orthogonal polynomials to the stationary values of an explicit quasi-energy and implies recurrences on the orthogonal polynomial coefficients. We also evaluate the discriminants and quantized discriminants of polynomials orthogonal on the unit circle
Polishchuk, I. Ya.; Gozman, M. I.; Blaustein, G. S.; Burin, A. L.
2008-01-01
The interference of polariton guiding modes propagating through "traffic circle" waveguides composed of dielectric spherical particles is investigated. The dependence of intensity of the wave on the position of the particle was studied using the multisphere the Mie scattering formalism. We show that if the frequency of light belongs to the passband of the waveguide, electromagnetic waves may be considered as two optical beams running along a circle in opposite directions and interfering with ...
Local Circles in a Circular Economy – the Case of Smartphone Repair in Denmark
Henrik Riisgaard; Mette Mosgaard; Kristina Overgaard Zacho
2016-01-01
Abstract Circular economy has gained increasing attention the last decade, and more often the main focus is on the large global circles addressing recycling of materials rather than the “inner circles” that address maintenance/repair and reuse. In this article we investigate one such inner circle ofthe circular economy namely repair of smartphones which extends the lifetime of products and adds to a local economy. Local repair of smartphones has increased in the resent years in Denmark. Thes...
Introspection, empathy, and the semi-circle of mental health.
Kohut, H
1982-01-01
Written shortly before his death, Heinz Kohut's last paper opens with a discussion of the paper 'Introspection, empathy, and psychoanalysis', written in 1959, which he presented at the Twenty-fifth Anniversary Meeting of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. In his first essay on the role of empathy in psychoanalysis, an essay that according to Kohut provided a foundation for many of his subsequent investigations in the field of depth psychology, he advanced the thesis that the introspective-empathic stance of the observer defines the science of psychoanalysis. The author explains that he was moved to propose this operational definition of psychoanalysis twenty-five years before because he felt that the introduction of the psychobiological concept of the drives (as well as various social psychological concepts) had not led to a true integration of psychoanalysis with biology or medicine but to a psychological and moral view of 'Guilty Man' that worked to distort the analyst's perception in the clinical and applied field. Kohut asserts that by defining itself operationally, psychoanalysis can accept itself as psychology, a psychology that studies man in terms of a self attempting to realize the programme laid down in his depth during the span of his life. The final section of the paper is devoted to a re-examination of man's intergenerational relationships in light of the shift Kohut advocates from psychobiology to psychology. The Oedipus complex is not to be understood as the end product of the uninfluentiable conflict of basic opposing instincts but as the result of interferences that impinge on man's development. Acknowledging the mythic power of Freud's formulation of the Oedipus complex, the author offers a dose of mythical counter-magic (to which the 'semi-circle of mental health' in the paper's title refers) and a re-interpretation of the story of King Oedipus. Kohut believes that the essence of human experience is not to be found in the biologically
Safety, dose optimisation and security: the quadrature of the circle
The growing concern for potential terrorist acts has lead to a number of new ideas about storing radiological and nuclear materials that are not always compatible with existing practices or infrastructures. This is valid in routine circumstances, but especially poses problems in case of accidents. As such, the management of nuclear safety, radiological protection and security within an evolving world such as a nuclear research centre sometimes looks like implementing the quadrature of the circle. International guidance exists, but is not always easily converted into an adequate policy comprehensible to all levels in a plant, from management to the work floor. Some examples. 1. infrastructure related problems: from a security point of view, fuels are better stored in the heart of a protected zone, while in case of criticality, fire... a more peripheral location is appropriate. 2. Safety related problems: Protection infrastructure may lead to difficulties of evacuation in case of emergencies; access limitations may be a burden in the management of safety interventions, maintenance... 3. Administrative contradictions: inventories of fuel storages and high active sealed sources are a cornerstone of inspections and verifications; yet, this information is a treasure for terrorists aiming at actions to obtain special materials. 4. Dose management: measures taken to secure sources may lead to a dose increase (e.g. labelling of old sources). However, the main difficulty is related to the 'cultural' aspect. There are synergies between safety culture, 'ALARA' culture and security culture. An individual aspect of desirable behaviour (e.g. questioning attitude), complemented with an organisational dimension (e.g. training, raising awareness) are obviously common. The objective is also in line: to avoid reduction of well-being of people, to protect the environment, to prevent damage to facilities. The main difficulties arise however because of the fundamental differences being
Anatomical variations of the circle of Willis and cerebrovascular accidents in transitional Albania
Edlira Harizi (Shemsi
2015-12-01
Full Text Available Aim: The purpose of this study was twofold: i in a case-control design, to determine the relationship between anatomical variations of the circle of Willis and cerebrovascular accidents; ii to assess the association between anatomical variations of the circle of Willis and aneurisms among patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Albania in 2013-2014, including 100 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and 100 controls (individuals without cerebrovascular accidents. Patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage underwent a CT angiography procedure, whereas individuals in the control group underwent a magnetic resonance angiography procedure. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the association between cerebrovascular accidents and the anatomical variations of the circle of Willis. Conversely, Fisher’s exact test was used to compare the prevalence of aneurisms between subarachnoid hemorrhage patients with and without anatomical variations of the circle of Willis. Results: Among patients, there were 22 (22% cases with anatomical variations of the circle of Willis compared with 10 (10% individuals in the control group (P=0.033. There was no evidence of a statistically significant difference in the types of the anatomical variations of the circle of Willis between patients and controls (P=0.402. In age- and-sex adjusted logistic regression models, there was evidence of a significant positive association between cerebrovascular accidents and the anatomical variations of the circle of Willis (OR=1.87, 95%CI=1.03-4.68, P=0.048. Within the patients’ group, of the 52 cases with aneurisms, there were 22 (42.3% individuals with anatomical variations of the circle of Willis compared with no individuals with anatomical variations among the 48 patients without aneurisms (P<0.001. Conclusion: This study provides useful evidence on the association between anatomical variations of the circle of Willis and
Anatomical Variations of the Circle of Willis in Males and Females on 3D MR Angiograms
Kawther A. Hafez, Nahla M. Afifi, Fardous Z. Saudi
2007-03-01
Full Text Available Objective: The objective of the present work was to study the anatomical variations of the circle of Willis as regard its component vessels and their average diameters in a sample of adult Egyptians and to detect any sex-related differences in these variations. Material and Methods: One hundred and twenty adult patients were observed (60 males and 60 females. They all had problems unrelated to any ischemic or vascular diseases, so they were considered as healthy control, concerning the morphology of the circle of Willis. In addition, ten cadavers' brains were obtained from the Anatomy department, Faculty of Medicine Ain Shams University for examination of the circle of Willis and for detection of any variations. Results: The anatomical variations of the anterior part, posterior part and completeness of the circle were inspected. Also, the diameters of all component vessels were assessed. The results indicated that, the anterior part of the circle was completed in 70% males and 75% females of the study sample. No statistically significant difference was detected between sexes. The most common variant of the anterior part was the single anterior communicating artery followed by the hypoplastic or absent anterior communicating artery. The posterior part of the circle was completed in 44% males and 58% females. The most common variant was the bilateral posterior communicating arteries, followed by the unilateral posterior communicating artery. An entirely complete circle was found only in 45% of the entire population; and it was higher in the females than the in males. The vessels diameters were smaller in the females than in the males, except for the diameter of the posterior communicating artery. Cadavers' examination revealed six cases with complete circle, 3 cases of unilateral fetal posterior communicating and one case of absent posterior communicating artery. Conclusion: The present study showed the amazing great variability of the anatomy of
Study Circles as a Method of Informing the Adult Population on Radioactivity
Public acceptance of the radioactive waste disposal facilities is difficult to achieve. Analysis of the reasons that underlie public rejection of radioactive waste disposal facilities shows that people are not adequately informed about the proposal. They also have a lot of prejudices due to the lack of knowledge and understanding about basic facts on radioactivity and environmental processes. ARAO has proposed that the topic of radioactivity and radioactive waste be included in the program of study circles in order to promote knowledge and understanding of these issues among the adult population in several Slovenian communities. Study circles are self-organized adult learning groups in the local community environment. Two study circles were initially proposed: one in Krsko, the community with a nuclear facility, and one in Radovljica, a community without a nuclear facility. Because of troubles with the unexpected politicization of nuclear issues, the study circle in Krsko was postponed to the later term, so that only the study circle in the community without the nuclear installation was active. The members were found by personal invitations. They worked on different issues dealing with radiation, mainly with the application of radiation and radioactive substances in medicine. Through the study circle activities the interest in radiation issues increased. The members reported that they disseminated their interest and acquired knowledge to their family members and friends. Our experience shows that self-learning in small groups, promoting discussions and the confrontation of different opinions, results in an increase in objective knowledge. Therefore, study circles can provide a good basis for confidence building in the nuclear technology.(author)
Yazan M. Alomari
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Segmentation and counting of blood cells are considered as an important step that helps to extract features to diagnose some specific diseases like malaria or leukemia. The manual counting of white blood cells (WBCs and red blood cells (RBCs in microscopic images is an extremely tedious, time consuming, and inaccurate process. Automatic analysis will allow hematologist experts to perform faster and more accurately. The proposed method uses an iterative structured circle detection algorithm for the segmentation and counting of WBCs and RBCs. The separation of WBCs from RBCs was achieved by thresholding, and specific preprocessing steps were developed for each cell type. Counting was performed for each image using the proposed method based on modified circle detection, which automatically counted the cells. Several modifications were made to the basic (RCD algorithm to solve the initialization problem, detecting irregular circles (cells, selecting the optimal circle from the candidate circles, determining the number of iterations in a fully dynamic way to enhance algorithm detection, and running time. The validation method used to determine segmentation accuracy was a quantitative analysis that included Precision, Recall, and F-measurement tests. The average accuracy of the proposed method was 95.3% for RBCs and 98.4% for WBCs.
Ansari, Saeed; Dadmehr, Majid; Eftekhar, Behzad; McConnell, Douglas J; Ganji, Sarah; Azari, Hassan; Kamali-Ardakani, Shahab; Hoh, Brian L; Mocco, J
2011-12-01
This article describes a straightforward method to measure the dimensions and identify morphological variations in the cerebral arterial circle using the general-purpose software program Osiris. This user-friendly and portable program displays, manipulates, and analyzes medical digital images, and it has the capability to determine morphometric properties of selected blood vessels (or other anatomical structures) in humans and animals. To ascertain morphometric variations in the cerebral arterial circle, 132 brains of recently deceased fetuses, infants, and adults were dissected. The dissection procedure was first digitized, and then the dimensions were measured with Osiris software. Measurements of each vessel's length and external diameters were used to identify and classify morphological variations in the cerebral arterial circle. The most commonly observed anatomical variations were uni- and bilateral hypoplasia of the posterior communicating artery. This study demonstrates that public domain software can be used to measure and classify cerebral arterial circle vessels. This method could be extended to examine other anatomical regions or to study other animals. Additionally, knowledge of variations within the circle could be applied clinically to enhance diagnostic and treatment specificity. PMID:22254161
Li, Na; Sun, Jing
2014-01-01
Objective: To explore the application of quality control circle in raising compliance of the head of a bed in neurosurgery ICU nurses. Methods: The quality control circle was made up of 4 ICU nurses, determine the subject in order to improve the neurosurgery ICU nurses in raising compliance of the head of a bed, according to the QCC activity steps to formulate plans, including grasp the current situation, goal setting, through analysis, circle members develop strategy and plan implementation ...
Evelina Y Basenko; Cesare, Anthony J.; Iyer, Shilpa; Griffith, Jack D.; McEachern, Michael J.
2009-01-01
Some human cancers maintain their telomeres using the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) mechanism; a process thought to involve recombination. Different types of recombinational telomere elongation pathways have been identified in yeasts. In senescing yeast telomerase deletion (ter1-Δ) mutants with very short telomeres, it has been hypothesized that copying a tiny telomeric circle (t-circle) by a rolling circle mechanism is the key event in telomere elongation. In other cases more cl...
Great circle solution to polarization-based quantum communication (QC) in optical fiber
Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Peterson, Charles Glen; Newell, Raymond Thorson; Hughes, Richard John
2016-03-15
Birefringence in optical fibers is compensated by applying polarization modulation at a receiver. Polarization modulation is applied so that a transmitted optical signal has states of polarization (SOPs) that are equally spaced on the Poincare sphere. Fiber birefringence encountered in propagation between a transmitter and a receiver rotates the great circle on the Poincare sphere that represents the polarization bases used for modulation. By adjusting received polarizations, polarization components of the received optical signal can be directed to corresponding detectors for decoding, regardless of the magnitude and orientation of the fiber birefringence. A transmitter can be configured to transmit in conjugate polarization bases whose SOPs can be represented as equidistant points on a great circle so that the received SOPs are mapped to equidistant points on a great circle and routed to corresponding detectors.
Mosh pits and Circle pits: Collective motion at heavy metal concerts
Bierbaum, Matthew; Silverberg, Jesse L.; Sethna, James P.; Cohen, Itai
2013-03-01
Heavy metal concerts present an extreme environment in which large crowds (~102 -105) of humans experience very loud music (~ 130 dB) in sync with bright, flashing lights, often while intoxicated. In this setting, we find two types of collective motion: mosh pits, in which participants collide with each other randomly in a manner resembling an ideal gas, and circle pits, in which participants run collectively in a circle forming a vortex of people. We model these two collective behaviors using a flocking model and find qualitative and quantitative agreement with the behaviors found in videos of metal concerts. Futhermore, we find a phase diagram showing the transition from a mosh pit to a circle pit as well as a predicted third phase, lane formation.
Lisa A. Dieker
2008-07-01
Full Text Available Trends in special education favor inclusion and concurrently the implementation of inclusive instructional practices. As students with learning disabilities are increasingly placed in general education classrooms, the need to assist general educators in establishing inclusive classrooms becomes a major priority. Cooperative learning, in the form of literature circles, is offered as a means of providing support to academically diverse student populations. In light of research-to-practice challenges, this study investigated the potential for students with learning disabilities and their peers to learn about literature circles by viewing video models of the practice in action. Students in the video modeling group demonstrated significantly more effective implementation of literature circles including cooperative behaviors, suggesting that video modeling could serve as a means of improving the translation of research on effective instructional strategies to actual practice in classrooms.
In this Letter, we search for concentric circles with low variance in cosmic microwave background sky maps. The detection of such circles would hint at new physics beyond the current cosmological concordance model, which states that the universe is isotropic and homogeneous, and filled with Gaussian fluctuations. We first describe a set of methods designed to detect such circles, based on matched filters and χ2 statistics, and then apply these methods to the best current publicly available data, the 7 year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) temperature sky maps. We compare the observations with an ensemble of 1000 Gaussian ΛCDM simulations. Based on these tests, we conclude that the WMAP sky maps are fully compatible with the Gaussian and isotropic hypothesis as measured by low-variance ring statistics.
Becker, David A.
2012-01-01
A bilaterally symmetrical convex dodecahedron consisting of twelve quadrilateral faces is derived from the icosahedron via a process akin to Fuller’s Jitterbug Transformation. The unusual zygomorphic dodecahedron so obtained is shown to harbor a bilaterally symmetrical jazz/blues harmonic code on its twelve faces that is related to such fundamental music theoretical constructs as the Circle of Fifths and Euler’s tonnetz. Curiously, the patterning within the aforementioned ...
Copelin, Michelle Renee
Research has shown that dialogic instruction promotes learning in students. Secondary science has traditionally been taught from an authoritative stance, reinforced in recent years by testing policies requiring coverage. Socratic Circles are a framework for student-led dialogic discourse, which have been successfully used in English language arts and social studies classrooms. The purpose of this research was to explore the implementation process of Socratic Circles in secondary science classes where they have been perceived to be more difficult. Focusing on two physical science classes and one chemistry class, this study described the nature and characteristics of Socratic Circles, teachers' dispositions toward dialogic instruction, the nature and characteristics of student discussion, and student motivation. Socratic Circles were found to be a dialogic support that influenced classroom climate, social skills, content connections, and student participation. Teachers experienced conflict between using traditional test driven scripted teaching, and exploring innovation through dialogic instruction. Students experienced opportunities for peer interaction, participation, and deeper discussions in a framework designed to improve dialogic skills. Students in two of the classrooms showed evidence of motivation for engaging in peer-led discussion, and students in one class did not. The class that did not show evidence of motivation had not been given the same scaffolding as the other two classes. Two physical science teachers and one chemistry teacher found that Socratic Circles required more scaffolding than was indicated by their peers in other disciplines such as English and social studies. The teachers felt that student's general lack of background knowledge for any given topic in physical science or chemistry necessitated the building of a knowledge platform before work on a discussion could begin. All three of the teachers indicated that Socratic Circles were a
Circle of Willis variation in a complex stroke presentation: a case report
Young Carolyn A
2006-03-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The impact of circle of Willis anatomical variation upon the presentation of stroke is probably underrecognised. Case presentation A 63-year-old right-handed woman developed a left hemiparesis and right leg weakness sequentially following a road traffic accident (RTA. Despite initial concern about the possibility of cervical spinal cord injury, the final diagnosis was bilateral artery-to-artery embolic cerebral infarction with dominant right internal carotid artery. Conclusion The case illustrates the complex presentation of stroke as a pseudo-cervical cord lesion and the impact of circle of Willis anatomical variation upon the expression of large vessel cerebrovascular disease.
From the Weyl quantization of a particle on the circle to number–phase Wigner functions
Przanowski, Maciej, E-mail: maciej.przanowski@p.lodz.pl; Brzykcy, Przemysław, E-mail: 800289@edu.p.lodz.pl; Tosiek, Jaromir, E-mail: jaromir.tosiek@p.lodz.pl
2014-12-15
A generalized Weyl quantization formalism for a particle on the circle is shown to supply an effective method for defining the number–phase Wigner function in quantum optics. A Wigner function for the state ϱ{sup ^} and the kernel K for a particle on the circle is defined and its properties are analysed. Then it is shown how this Wigner function can be easily modified to give the number–phase Wigner function in quantum optics. Some examples of such number–phase Wigner functions are considered.
From the Weyl quantization of a particle on the circle to number–phase Wigner functions
A generalized Weyl quantization formalism for a particle on the circle is shown to supply an effective method for defining the number–phase Wigner function in quantum optics. A Wigner function for the state ϱ^ and the kernel K for a particle on the circle is defined and its properties are analysed. Then it is shown how this Wigner function can be easily modified to give the number–phase Wigner function in quantum optics. Some examples of such number–phase Wigner functions are considered
Investigation of Brain Arterial Circle Malformations Using Electrical Modelling and Simulation
Klara Capova
2006-01-01
Full Text Available The paper deals with the cerebral arterial system investigation by means of electrical modelling and simulations. The main attention is paid to the brain arterial circle malformations (stenoses and aneurysms and their determination and evaluation by computer-aided methods as tools of a non-invasive diagnostics. The compensation possibilities of brain arterial circle in case of presence of concrete arterial malformations are modelled and simulated. The simulation results of brain arteries blood pressures and volume flow velocities time dependences are presented and discussed under various health conditions.
Shielded transient self-interaction of a bunch entering a circle from a straight path
When a short (mm-length) bunch with high (nC-regime) charge is transported through a magnetic bending system, self-interaction via coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) and space charge may alter the bunch dynamics significantly. The authors consider a Gaussian rigid-line-charge bunch following a straight-path trajectory into a circle, with the trajectory centered between two infinite, parallel, perfectly conducting plates. Transients associated with CSR and space charge generated from source particles both on the straight path and the circle are calculated, and their net effect on the radiated power is contrasted with that of shielded steady-state CSR
Halliwell, J. V.; Kumar, R.
1980-01-01
1 Rats with unilateral electrolytic lesions involving both parts of the substantia nigra show dose-related, ipsilateral circling responses to apomorphine which are stable over time. 2 In non-tolerant rats, morphine (up to 10 mg/kg) does not elicit any circling behaviour but as tolerance develops to morphine, initially 10 mg/kg daily and then 100 ng/kg daily for about 4 months, the rats show a progressive tendency to walk more towards the side of the lesion. This behaviour is qualitatively dif...
On the Ratio of Circumference to Diameter for the Largest Observable Circles: An Empirical Approach
Knox, Lloyd
2012-01-01
I present here a measurement of pi as determined for the largest observable circles. Intriguingly, the value of 16/5 asserted by the House of Representatives of the State of Indiana in 1897 is still viable, although strongly disfavored relative to 22/7, another popular value. The oft-used `small-circle' value of 3 is ruled out at greater than 5\\sigma. We discuss connections with string theory, sterile neutrinos, and possibilities for (very large) lower limits to the size of the Universe.
Gauge theory duals of black hole – black string transitions of gravitational theories on a circle
We study the black hole – black string phase transitions of gravitational theories compactified on a circle using the holographic duality conjecture. The gauge theory duals of these theories are maximally supersymmetric and strongly coupled 1 + 1 dimensional SU(N) Yang-Mills theories compactified on a circle, in the large N limit. We perform the strongly coupled finite temperature gauge theory calculations on a lattice, using the recently developed exact lattice supersymmetry methods based on topological twisting and orbifolding. The spatial Polyakov line serves as relevant order parameter of the confinement – deconfinement phase transitions in the gauge theory duals
Empirical Research on the Urban Development Level of Wuhan Urban Circle
Yazhou Xiong
2013-03-01
Full Text Available The research object of this paper is the nine cities of Wuhan urban circle. Firstly, this paper establishes the comprehensive evaluation indicator system and evaluation model of the urban development level via systems analysis, then makes a PCA (Principal Components Analysis to the original data by means of SPSS; Next, this paper analyzes the worked data via AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process and comprehensive score and ranking of the nine cities is obtained and the nine cities are divided into three clusters via K-means clustering analysis; Finally, this paper appraises urban development level of Wuhan urban circle.
Brett Cucchiara
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of an incomplete circle of Willis in patients with migraine with aura, migraine without aura, and control subjects, and correlate circle of Willis variations with alterations in cerebral perfusion. METHODS: Migraine with aura, migraine without aura, and control subjects were prospectively enrolled in a 1∶1∶1 ratio. Magnetic resonance angiography was performed to examine circle of Willis anatomy and arterial spin labeled perfusion magnetic resonance imaging to measure cerebral blood flow. A standardized template rating system was used to categorize circle of Willis variants. The primary pre-specified outcome measure was the frequency of an incomplete circle of Willis. The association between circle of Willis variations and cerebral blood flow was also analyzed. RESULTS: 170 subjects were enrolled (56 migraine with aura, 61 migraine without aura, 53 controls. An incomplete circle of Willis was significantly more common in the migraine with aura compared to control group (73% vs. 51%, p = 0.02, with a similar trend for the migraine without aura group (67% vs. 51%, p = 0.08. Using a quantitative score of the burden of circle of Willis variants, migraine with aura subjects had a higher burden of variants than controls (p = 0.02. Compared to those with a complete circle, subjects with an incomplete circle had greater asymmetry in hemispheric cerebral blood flow (p = 0.05. Specific posterior cerebral artery variants were associated with greater asymmetries of blood flow in the posterior cerebral artery territory. CONCLUSIONS: An incomplete circle of Willis is more common in migraine with aura subjects than controls, and is associated with alterations in cerebral blood flow.
ULYSSES comes full circle, before revisiting the Sun's poles
1998-04-01
From its unique perspective, Ulysses has provided scientists with the very first all-round map of the heliosphere, the huge bubble in space filled by the Sun's wind. The Earth swims deep inside the heliosphere, and gusts and shocks in the solar wind can harm satellites, power supplies and ommunications. They may also affect our planet's weather. A better grasp of the solar weather in the heliosphere is therefore one of the major aims of ESA's science programme. In a project of international cooperation between ESA and NASA, Ulysses was launched towards Jupiter in October 1990 by the US space shuttle Discovery. Arriving in February 1992, Ulysses stole energy from the giant planet in a slingshot manoeuvre and was propelled back towards the Sun in an elongated orbit almost at right angles to the ecliptic plane, where the Earth and other planets circle the Sun. "This month Ulysses returns to the point in space where its out-of-ecliptic journey began, but Jupiter isn't there," explains Richard Marsden, ESA's project scientist for Ulysses. "Following its own inexorable path around the Sun, Jupiter is far away on the opposite side of the Solar System. So Ulysses' course will not be changed a second time. The spacecraft is now in effect a man-made comet, forever bound into a 6-year polar orbit around the Sun." Ulysses now starts its second orbit. It will travel over the poles of the Sun in 2000-2001 just as the count of dark sunspots is expected to reach a maximum. With its operational life extended for the Ulysses Solar Maximum Mission, the spacecraft will find the heliosphere much stormier than during its first orbit. Discoveries so far Like its mythical namesake, Ulysses has already had an eventful voyage of discovery. Its unique trajectory has provided the scientific teams with a new perspective, from far out in space and especially in the previously unknown regions of the heliosphere over the Sun's poles. Passing within 9.8 degrees of the polar axis, the highly
THE INTEGRATED STATE OF THE ROLLING-CIRCLE PLASMID PTB913 IN THE COMPOSITE BACILLUS PLASMID PTB19
OSKAM, L; HILLENGA, DJ; VENEMA, G; BRON, S
1992-01-01
pTB19, a 27 kb plasmid originating from a thermophilic Bacillus species, contains integrated copies of two rolling-circle type plasmids on a 10.6 kb DNA fragment. In the present study we analysed the part of pTB19 that contains the rolling-circle plasmid pTB913 and the region in between the two roll
Collusive attacks to "circle-type" multi-party quantum key agreement protocols
Liu, Bin; Xiao, Di; Jia, Heng-Yue; Liu, Run-Zong
2016-05-01
We find that existing multi-party quantum key agreement (MQKA) protocols designed for fairness of the key are, in fact, unfair. Our analysis shows that these protocols are sensitive to collusive attacks; that is, dishonest participants can collaborate in predetermining the key without being detected. In fact, the transmission structures of the quantum particles in those unfair MQKA protocols, three of which have already been analyzed, have much in common. We call these unfair MQKA protocols circle-type MQKA protocols. Likewise, the transmission structures of the quantum particles in MQKA protocols that can resist collusive attacks are also similar. We call such protocols complete-graph-type MQKA protocols. A MQKA protocol also exists that can resist the above attacks but is still not fair, and we call it the tree-type MQKA protocol. We first point out a common, easily missed loophole that severely compromises the fairness of present circle-type MQKA protocols. Then we show that two dishonest participants at special positions can totally predetermine the key generated by circle-type MQKA protocols. We anticipate that our observations will contribute to secure and fair MQKA protocols, especially circle-type protocols.
Education, Enlightenment and Positivism: The Vienna Circle's Scientific World-Conception Revisited
Uebel, Thomas E.
2004-01-01
The scientific world-conception is properly understood as an enlightenment philosophy only if the current reassessment of the historical Vienna Circle(as opposed to the caricature still prevalent in the popular philosophical imagination) is once more extended to comprehend not only its thorough-going epistemological anti-foundationalism, but also…
Quasi-symmetric Conjugacy of Blaschke Products on the unit Circle
Petersen, Carsten Lunde
2007-01-01
Let B be a Blaschke product for which the restriction to the unit circle 1 is a degree d > 1 covering. We prove that B is quasi-symmetrically conjugate to z zd on 1, if all its periodic points in 1 are repelling and if 1 does not intersect the -limit set of any recurrent critical point for B....
Role of quality circles in dose control programs at Kaiga generating station
To operate the nuclear power station with maximum capacity factors and lowest collective dose it is imperative that a sense of belongingness among the employees is essential. Quality Circles provide an opportunity to the plant personnel irrespective of their grade or discipline to come together to solve the work related problems in a scientific manner to enhance the productivity and safety in the work environment. The concept of Quality Circles came to Kaiga during July 1998. The thought revolution grew slowly and steadily and brought big gains to the station. The organized thoughts and concerted actions in field resulted in development of good work culture among the employees, an important input to achieve super excellence in power generation in the most cost effective manner. This also is a means to set challenging targets and make and break the records among the NPCIL units. The genesis of Quality Circles, the methodology of QC working, promotional activities, the progress and programs of Quality Circles are discussed in this presentation. (author)
Approximation by polynomials and Blaschke products having all zeros on a circle
Farmer, David W
2010-01-01
We show that a nonvanishing analytic function on a domain in the unit disc can be approximated by (a scalar multiple of) a Blaschke product whose zeros lie on a prescribed circle enclosing the domain. We also give a new proof of the analogous classical result for polynomials. A connection is made to universality results for the Riemann zeta function.
The Schwinger model on a circle: Relation between path integral and Hamiltonian approaches
We solve the massless Schwinger model exactly in Hamiltonian formalism on a circle. We construct physical states explicitly and discuss the role of the spectral flow and nonperturbative vacua. Different thermodynamical correlation functions are calculated and after performing the analytical continuation are compared with the corresponding expressions obtained for the Schwinger model on the torus in Euclidean Path Integral formalism obtained before. (author)
Encounters with Wisdom: A Case Study of Community Worker Reflection Circles in San Antonio, TX
Arispe, Don D.
2013-01-01
This case study focuses upon the transformational experiences of 28 social service and pastoral workers engaged in a Reflection Circle Process (RCP) in San Antonio, TX. The RCP involves the writing of a holistic journal entry, known as a process note, coupled with an in-depth exploration of the note with the help of a group of trusted peers, known…
An Investigation of "Circle of Friends" Peer-Mediated Intervention for Students with Autism
Schlieder, Mary; Maldonado, Nancy; Baltes, Beate
2014-01-01
The dramatic rise in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is accompanied by a substantial increase in public school inclusion. A growing body of research supports the need for teachers proficient in evidence-based practices to support such students. One strategy involves using peer support networks like Circle of Friends (CoF)…
Y-G. Ahn
2007-01-01
textabstractIn line with the growing importance of Corporate Sustainability Management (CSM) in business circles, the linkages between CSM, corporate values and performance is becoming increasingly higher on the agenda both for internal corporate management purposes and for external relations for co
Cui, Hongyan; Feng, Chen; Chai, Yuan; Liu, Ren Ping; Liu, Yunjie
2014-09-01
The Echo State Network (ESN) has attracted wide attention for its superior performance in chaos time-series prediction. However, the complicated ESN topologies and the random reservoirs are difficult to implement in practice. We propose a hybrid circle reservoir (HCR) ESN architecture that comprises the following features: (1) built with low complexity circle reservoir; (2) partly injected with wavelet-neurons; (3) uses fixed connection weights in both input matrix and dynamic reservoir matrix. The HCR model has been successfully applied to solve six application problems, and the results are used to compare with the existing low complexity simple circle reservoir (SCR) ESN. Furthermore, we analyze the performance of the new model under different ratios of wavelet-neurons, different circle distributions and different input sign patterns. Simulation results show that the HCR model achieves significantly better performance in prediction accuracy than the SCR model. Additionally, the HCR model has similar low complexity as the SCR. Moreover, the short-term memory capacity (MC) in the HCR is close to the theoretical optimal MC value. PMID:24997457
The Arithmetic of Elliptic Fibrations in Gauge Theories on a Circle
Grimm, Thomas W; Klevers, Denis
2015-01-01
The geometry of elliptic fibrations translates to the physics of gauge theories in F-theory. We systematically develop the dictionary between arithmetic structures on elliptic curves as well as desingularized elliptic fibrations and symmetries of gauge theories on a circle. We show that the Mordell-Weil group law matches integral large gauge transformations around the circle in Abelian gauge theories and explain the significance of Mordell-Weil torsion in this context. We also use Higgs transitions and circle large gauge transformations to introduce a group law for genus-one fibrations with multi-sections. Finally, we introduce a novel arithmetic structure on elliptic fibrations with non-Abelian gauge groups in F-theory. It is defined on the set of exceptional divisors resolving the singularities and divisor classes of sections of the fibration. This group structure can be matched with certain integral non-Abelian large gauge transformations around the circle when studying the theory on the lower-dimensional ...
Circle Justice: A Creative Arts Approach to Conflict Resolution in the Classroom
Gibbons, Karen
2010-01-01
This brief report describes a cooperative classroom art therapy intervention in a public elementary school that provided conflict resolution education, social learning, and group cohesion among sixth-grade students. The organizing framework of a "circle justice" group explored the roles of fictional characters in conflict, including group…
Circle of Life HIV/AIDS-Prevention Intervention for American Indian and Alaska Native Youth
Kaufman, Carol E.; Litchfield, Anne; Schupman, Edwin; Mitchell, Christina M.
2012-01-01
This article describes the objectives, theoretical bases, development process, and evaluation efforts to-date for the Circle of Life (COL) curricula, HIV/AIDS prevention interventions designed for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth. The curricula are based on Indigenous models of learning and behavior encompassing concepts of Western…
Volunteers in Circles of Support and Accountability : Job demands, job resources, and outcome
Höing, M.A.; Vogelvang, B.; Bogaerts, Stefan
2016-01-01
In Circles of Support and Accountability (CoSA), volunteers support a medium- to high-risk sex offender in his process toward desistance by developing a long-term empathic relationship. More knowledge is needed about the impact of this work on volunteers themselves. In a sample of 40 Dutch CoSA volu
圆环上的逆shadowing映射%Shadowing and inverse shadowing property on circle
韩英豪; 葛琦; 南华
2005-01-01
In this paper we show that the concepts of shadowing and (Tc,Th-)inverse shadowing of circle homeomorphisms are equivalent.%本文证明了圆环上shadowing性质和(Tc,Th-)逆shadowing性质的等价性.