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1

Upper Airway Volume Segmentation Analysis Using Cine MRI Findings in Children with Tracheostomy Tubes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the airway dynamics of the upper airway as depicted on cine MRI in children with tracheotomy tubes during two states of airflow through the upper airway. Sagittal fast gradient echo cine MR images of the supra-glottic airway were obtained with a 1.5T MRI scanner on seven children with tracheotomy tubes. Two sets of images were obtained with either the tubes capped or uncapped. The findings of the cine MRI were retrospectively reviewed. Volume segmentation of the cine images to compare the airway volume change over time (mean volume, standard deviation, normalized range, and coefficient of variance) was performed for the capped and uncapped tubes in both the nasopharynx and hypopharynx (Signed Rank Test). Graphical representation of the airway volume over time demonstrates a qualitative increased fluctuation in patients with the tracheotomy tube capped as compared to uncapped in both the nasopharyngeal and hypopharyngeal regions of interest. In the nasopharynx, the mean airway volume (capped 2.72 mL, uncapped 2.09 mL, p = 0.0313), the airway volume standard deviation (capped 0.42 mL, uncapped 0.20 mL, p = 0.0156), and the airway volume range (capped 2.10 mL, uncapped 1.09 mL, p = 0.0156) were significantly larger in the capped group of patients. In the hypopharynx, the airway volume standard deviation (capped 1.54 mL, uncapped 0.67 mL, p = 0.0156), and the airway volume range (capped 6.44 mL, uncapped 2.93 mL, p = 0.0156) were significantly larger in the capped tubes. The coefficient of variance (capped 0.37, uncapped 0.26, p = 0.0469) and the normalized range (capped 1.52, uncapped 1.09, p = 0.0313) were significantly larger in the capped tubes. There is a statistically significant change in airway dynamics in children with tracheotomy tubes when breathing via the airway as compared to breathing via the tracheotomy tube.

2007-01-01

2

Upper Airway Volume Segmentation Analysis Using Cine MRI Findings in Children with Tracheostomy Tubes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the airway dynamics of the upper airway as depicted on cine MRI in children with tracheotomy tubes during two states of airflow through the upper airway. Sagittal fast gradient echo cine MR images of the supra-glottic airway were obtained with a 1.5T MRI scanner on seven children with tracheotomy tubes. Two sets of images were obtained with either the tubes capped or uncapped. The findings of the cine MRI were retrospectively reviewed. Volume segmentation of the cine images to compare the airway volume change over time (mean volume, standard deviation, normalized range, and coefficient of variance) was performed for the capped and uncapped tubes in both the nasopharynx and hypopharynx (Signed Rank Test). Graphical representation of the airway volume over time demonstrates a qualitative increased fluctuation in patients with the tracheotomy tube capped as compared to uncapped in both the nasopharyngeal and hypopharyngeal regions of interest. In the nasopharynx, the mean airway volume (capped 2.72 mL, uncapped 2.09 mL, p = 0.0313), the airway volume standard deviation (capped 0.42 mL, uncapped 0.20 mL, p = 0.0156), and the airway volume range (capped 2.10 mL, uncapped 1.09 mL, p = 0.0156) were significantly larger in the capped group of patients. In the hypopharynx, the airway volume standard deviation (capped 1.54 mL, uncapped 0.67 mL, p = 0.0156), and the airway volume range (capped 6.44 mL, uncapped 2.93 mL, p = 0.0156) were significantly larger in the capped tubes. The coefficient of variance (capped 0.37, uncapped 0.26, p = 0.0469) and the normalized range (capped 1.52, uncapped 1.09, p = 0.0313) were significantly larger in the capped tubes. There is a statistically significant change in airway dynamics in children with tracheotomy tubes when breathing via the airway as compared to breathing via the tracheotomy tube.

Fricke, Bradley L.; Abbott, M. Bret; Donnelly, Lane F.; Dardzinski, Bernard J.; Poe, Stacy A.; Kalra, Maninder; Amin, Raouf S.; Cotton, Robin T. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati (United States)

2007-12-15

3

Functional MRI of the patellofemoral joint: comparison of ultrafast MRI, motion-triggered cine MRI and static MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of ultrafast MRI (u), patellar tracking from 30 of flexion to knee extension (0 ) was analysed and compared with motion-triggered cine MRI (m) and a static MRI technique (s). The different imaging methods were compared in respect of the patellofemoral relationship, the examination time and image quality. Eight healthy subjects and four patients (in total 18 joints) with patellar subluxation or luxation were examined. Significant differences between the static MRI series without quadriceps contraction and the functional MRI studies (motion-triggered cine MRI and ultrafast MRI) were found for the patellar tilt angle. In the dynamic joint studies there was no statistical difference of the regression coefficients between the motion-triggered cine MRI studies and the ultrafast MRI studies. The findings of the functional MRI studies compared with the static MRI images were significantly different for the lateralisation of the patella, expressed by the lateral patellar displacement and bisect offset. No significant differences in patellar lateralisation were found between motion-triggered cine MRI and ultrafast MRI. Ultrafast MRI was superior to motion-triggered cine MRI in terms of the reduction in imaging time and improvement of the image quality. (orig.).

1995-01-01

4

Analysis of blowout fractures using cine mode MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

By observing conventional CT and MRI images, it is difficult to distinguish extension failure from adhesion, bone fracture or damage to the extraocular muscle, any one of which may be the direct cause of the eye movement disturbance accompanying blowout fracture. We therefore carried out dynamic analysis of eye movement disturbance using a cine mode MRI. We put seven fixation points in the gantry of the MRI and filmed eye movement disturbances by the gradient echo method, using a surface coil and holding the vision on each fixation point. We also video recorded the CRT monitor of the MRI to obtain dynamic MRI images. The subjects comprised 5 cases (7-23 years old). In 4 cases, we started orthoptic treatment, saccadic eye movement training, convergence training and fusional amplitude training after surgery, with only orthoptic treatment in the 5 th case. In all cases, fusion area improvement was recognized during training. In 2 cases examined by cine mode MRI before and after surgery, we observed improved eye movement after training, the effectiveness of which was thereby proven. Also, using cine mode MRI we were able to determine the character of incarcerated tissue and the cause of eye movement disturbance. We conclude that it blowout fracture, cine mode MRI may be useful in selecting treatment and observing its effectiveness. (author).

Kawahara, Masaaki; Shiihara, Kumiko; Kimura, Hisashi; Fukai, Sakuko; Tabuchi, Akio; Kojo, Tuyoshi [Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Okayama (Japan)

1995-07-01

5

Highly accelerated real-time cardiac cine MRI using k-t SPARSE-SENSE.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

For patients with impaired breath-hold capacity and/or arrhythmias, real-time cine MRI may be more clinically useful than breath-hold cine MRI. However, commercially available real-time cine MRI methods using parallel imaging typically yield relatively poor spatio-temporal resolution due to their low image acquisition speed. We sought to achieve relatively high spatial resolution (?2.5 × 2.5 mm(2)) and temporal resolution (?40 ms), to produce high-quality real-time cine MR images that could be applied clinically for wall motion assessment and measurement of left ventricular function. In this work, we present an eightfold accelerated real-time cardiac cine MRI pulse sequence using a combination of compressed sensing and parallel imaging (k-t SPARSE-SENSE). Compared with reference, breath-hold cine MRI, our eightfold accelerated real-time cine MRI produced significantly worse qualitative grades (1-5 scale), but its image quality and temporal fidelity scores were above 3.0 (adequate) and artifacts and noise scores were below 3.0 (moderate), suggesting that acceptable diagnostic image quality can be achieved. Additionally, both eightfold accelerated real-time cine and breath-hold cine MRI yielded comparable left ventricular function measurements, with coefficient of variation <10% for left ventricular volumes. Our proposed eightfold accelerated real-time cine MRI with k-t SPARSE-SENSE is a promising modality for rapid imaging of myocardial function.

Feng L; Srichai MB; Lim RP; Harrison A; King W; Adluru G; Dibella EV; Sodickson DK; Otazo R; Kim D

2013-07-01

6

Highly accelerated real-time cardiac cine MRI using k-t SPARSE-SENSE.  

Science.gov (United States)

For patients with impaired breath-hold capacity and/or arrhythmias, real-time cine MRI may be more clinically useful than breath-hold cine MRI. However, commercially available real-time cine MRI methods using parallel imaging typically yield relatively poor spatio-temporal resolution due to their low image acquisition speed. We sought to achieve relatively high spatial resolution (?2.5 × 2.5 mm(2)) and temporal resolution (?40 ms), to produce high-quality real-time cine MR images that could be applied clinically for wall motion assessment and measurement of left ventricular function. In this work, we present an eightfold accelerated real-time cardiac cine MRI pulse sequence using a combination of compressed sensing and parallel imaging (k-t SPARSE-SENSE). Compared with reference, breath-hold cine MRI, our eightfold accelerated real-time cine MRI produced significantly worse qualitative grades (1-5 scale), but its image quality and temporal fidelity scores were above 3.0 (adequate) and artifacts and noise scores were below 3.0 (moderate), suggesting that acceptable diagnostic image quality can be achieved. Additionally, both eightfold accelerated real-time cine and breath-hold cine MRI yielded comparable left ventricular function measurements, with coefficient of variation <10% for left ventricular volumes. Our proposed eightfold accelerated real-time cine MRI with k-t SPARSE-SENSE is a promising modality for rapid imaging of myocardial function. PMID:22887290

Feng, Li; Srichai, Monvadi B; Lim, Ruth P; Harrison, Alexis; King, Wilson; Adluru, Ganesh; Dibella, Edward V R; Sodickson, Daniel K; Otazo, Ricardo; Kim, Daniel

2012-08-06

7

Eye movement; Experimental and clinical study using cine mode MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is a special lecture at the 96th Annual Congress of the Japanese Ophthalmological Society in 1992, presenting studies on eye movement using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Using cine mode MRI technology, two methods for producing a series of photographs have been invented: (1) the moving eye method or dynamic method in which the subjects were asked to perform 256 or 512 vertical and horizontal eye movements in synchronization with a sound trigger; and (2) the fixed eye method or static method in which the subjects were asked to gaze at individual points in a 5 to 7 point sequence as indicated by the investigator. MRI data was generated and the resulting series of photographs were observed in cine mode on a televisin monitor. Displaying the MRI-generated photographs in cine mode enables direct observation of eye movement, optic nerve and extraocular muscles within the orbit. Although the moving eye method is more accurate in its portrayal of the actual eye movement, at least 256 eye movements are required for about 5 minutes, causing physical and mental load for the subjects. The fixed eye method was thus used to examine ophthalmoplegia, including abducens palsy, oculomotor palsy, fracture of the orbital wall, foreign bodies in the orbit, Duane's syndrome, endocrine myopathy, esotropia and exotropia. This allowed the investigation of anatomical changes, such as atrophy or hypertrophy, and the functional state caused by contraction and relaxation of the extraocular muscles. Transposition of the extraocular muscles for paralytic squint was reexamined and a new surgical procedure was developed for abducens palsy. The measurement of the length, thickness and weight of the extraocular muscles from the MRI-generated photographs allowed more accurate analysis. Three dimensional reconstructive method of MRI provided a valuable tool for evaluating the orbit. (N.K.) 67 refs.

Inatomi, Akihiro (Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu (Japan)); Kaji, Kazutaka; Sasaki, Kenji (and others)

1992-12-01

8

Kinematic analysis of the knee joint by cine MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to obtain the MR imaging of a moving knee joint, we developed a drive system of the knee. A reciprocating reversible motor with a rope and pulleys drove a knee brace with the knee bending and extending every two seconds. Using photo sensor probe for gating cine acquisition, we got 16-time frames/cycle MR images. Such as articular cartilage, ligaments and synovial fluid, the fine components of a moving knee joint were clearly seen. In a dynamic display, these cine images demonstrated 'actual' movement of the knee joint. Moving joint fluid and defect of anterior cruciate ligament were demonstrated in the case of knee injury. These findings were not seen on static images. Cine MR imaging was also helpful for evaluating the chronic joint disease and ligament reconstruction. Through the use of the present drive system and cine acquisition, dynamic MR imaging of a moving knee joint is clearly demonstrated and it may provide useful information in the kinematic analysis of the normal and pathologic knee. (author).

Niitsu, Mamoru; Akisada, Masayoshi; Anno, Izumi; Matsumoto, Kunihiko; Kuno, Shin-ya; Miyakawa, Shunpei (Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Inst. of Clinical Medicine); Inouye, Tamon; Kose, Katsumi

1989-08-01

9

Kinematic analysis of the knee joint by cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to obtain the MR imaging of a moving knee joint, we developed a drive system of the knee. A reciprocating reversible motor with a rope and pulleys drove a knee brace with the knee bending and extending every two seconds. Using photo sensor probe for gating cine acquisition, we got 16-time frames/cycle MR images. Such as articular cartilage, ligaments and synovial fluid, the fine components of a moving knee joint were clearly seen. In a dynamic display, these cine images demonstrated 'actual' movement of the knee joint. Moving joint fluid and defect of anterior cruciate ligament were demonstrated in the case of knee injury. These findings were not seen on static images. Cine MR imaging was also helpful for evaluating the chronic joint disease and ligament reconstruction. Through the use of the present drive system and cine acquisition, dynamic MR imaging of a moving knee joint is clearly demonstrated and it may provide useful information in the kinematic analysis of the normal and pathologic knee. (author).

1989-01-01

10

Research on the setting up the slice direction in cine-MRI scanning of the temporomandibular joint  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A thorough grasp of the dynamic correlation with the articular frames in the mandibular movements is useful for the diagnosis of craniomandibular disorders using the cine images in MRI examination. The present article compared cine images obtained from three directions, which were lateral pterygoid muscle, mandibular ramus, and the mandibular movements to obtain transversal images. The results obtained were as follows. The slice in the direction of the lateral pterygoid muscle was very advantageous for observation of the lateral pterygoid muscle and the maxillary artery. The slice in the direction of the mandibular movements had a slight predominance over the other two slices with respect to the dynamic grasp of positional relationships in the articular frames. These findings suggested that the slice direction suitable for scanning in cine-MRI should be selected. (author)

1994-01-01

11

Myocardial strain estimated from standard cine MRI closely represents strain estimated from dedicated strain-encoded MRI.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A method of non-rigid image registration was developed and evaluated for the purpose of quantifying myocardial displacement and strain from cine MRI using DENSE MRI as the reference standard. The objective of this paper was to study the potential use of cine MRI with image registration, as a means of measuring strain. The local displacement of the left ventricle was modelled by free-form deformations using b-splines. Cardiac MRI images were obtained from four healthy volunteers at 1.5T and analysed by the implementation of image registration algorithms in cine data and with DENSE view in DENSE data. The results indicated there was less than 3% difference between the strain values obtained from cine and DENSE scans averaging across the regions of the left ventricle in healthy subjects (n=4). There lies great potential in the implementation of cine MRI as a means of strain estimation. As such the measurement of strain from standard cine MRI poses an appealing and potentially clinically useful new option for assessing patients with myocardial dysfunction.

Allan A; Gao H; McComb C; Berry C

2011-01-01

12

Stress cine MRI for detection of coronary artery disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Stress testing is the cornerstone in the diagnosis of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Stress echocardiography has become a well-established modality for the detection of ischemia-induced wall motion abnormalities. However, display and reliable interpretation of stress echocardiography studies are user-dependent, the test reproducibility is low, and 10 to 15% of patients yield suboptimal or non-diagnostic images. Due to its high spatial and contrast resolution, MRI is known to permit an accurate determination of left ventricular function and wall thickness at rest. Early stress MRI studies provided promising results with respect to the detection of CAD. However, the clinical impact was limited due to long imaging time and problematic patient monitoring in the MRI environment. Recent technical improvements - namely ultrafast MR image acquisition - led to a significant reduction of imaging time and improved patient safety. Stress can be induced by physical exercise or pharmacologically by administration of a beta1-agonist (dobutamine) or vasodilatator (dipyridamole and adenosine). The best developed and most promising stress MRI technique is a high-dose dobutamine/atropine stress protocol (10, 20, 30, 40 ?g/kg/min; optionally 0.25-mg fractions of atropine up to maximal dose 1 mg). Severe complications (myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation and sustained tachycardia, cardiogenic shock) may be expected in 0.25% of patients. Currently, data of three high-dose dobutamine stress MRI studies are available, revealing a good sensitivity (83 - 87%) and specificity (83 - 86%) in the assessment of CAD. The direct comparison between echocardiography and MRI for the detection of stress-induced wall motion abnormalities yielded better results for dobutamine-MRI in terms of sensitivity (86.2% vs. 74.3%; p [de] Belastungsuntersuchungen sind einer der wesentlichen Pfeiler der nicht-invasiven Diagnostik der koronaren Herzkrankheit (KHK). Die Stress-Cine-Magnetresonanztomographie (Stress-MRT) beruht wie die Stressechokardiographie auf dem direkten Nachweis ischaemieinduzierter Wandbewegungsstoerungen. Ihr Einsatz bei kardialen Belastungsuntersuchungen wurde bisher vor allem durch die langen Untersuchungszeiten und die limitierten Ueberwachungsmoeglichkeiten der Patienten eingeschraenkt. Erst seit kurzem wurden durch technische Weiterentwicklungen (insbesondere ultraschnelle k-Raum-segmentierte Sequenzen) die wesentlichen Rahmenbedingungen fuer eine klinisch praktikable kardiale MRT-Belastungsdiagnostik geschaffen. Als Stress-Induktoren koennen physikalische (Fahrradergometrie) und pharmakologische Belastungsverfahren (?1-Mimetika

2002-01-01

13

Comparison between tagged MRI and standard cine MRI for evaluation of left ventricular ejection fraction  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Global left ventricular function is a prognostic indicator and is used to evaluate therapeutical interventions in patients with heart failure. Regional left ventricular function can be determined with tagged MRI. Assessment of global left ventricular function using the tagging data may have additional clinical value without incurring extra scanning time, which is currently a limiting factor in cardiac imaging. Direct determination of end-diastolic volume is not possible with conventional tagged MRI. However, end-systolic volume can be directly measured because myocardium-blood contrast improves through a tagged image series. We investigated the potential of tagged MRI using frequency-domain analysis software to retrospectively track end-diastolic contour from end-systolic contour and subsequently calculate the ejection fraction. Tagged MRI was compared with the standard bright-blood cine MRI in healthy volunteers (n=20) and patients with previous myocardial infarction (n=8). Left ventricular ejection fraction derived from tagged MRI is linearly correlated to left ventricular ejection fraction obtained by standard cardiac cine MRI (y=1.0x+1.31, r>0.98, p=0.014). In addition, the inter-observer and intra-observer coefficient of variation for left ventricular ejection fraction measurements was low (CV{sub intra}=0.4%, CV{sub inter}=1.3%). With tagged MRI, only end-systolic volume needs to be manually determined, and accurate estimation of left ventricular ejection fraction is obtained because end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes are determined using identical anatomical points. Our data indicate that tagged MRI can be used to quantitatively assess both regional and global left ventricular function. Therefore, tagged MRI may be a valuable clinical tool for determining the prognosis and evaluating the effect of therapeutical intervention using a single imaging session in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. (orig.)

Dornier, Christophe; Ivancevic, Marko K.; Didier, Dominique; Vallee, Jean-Paul [Departement de Radiologie et d' Informatique Medicale, Hopitaux Universitaires de Geneve, 24 rue Micheli-du-Crest, 1211, Geneva (Switzerland); Somsen, G. Aernout; Righetti, Alberto [Div. de Cardiologie, Departement de Medecine Interne, Hopitaux Universitaires de Geneve, 24 rue Micheli-du-Crest, 1211, Geneva (Switzerland); Osman, Nael F. [Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University, 600 North Wolfe Street, 21287, Baltimore, MD (United States)

2004-08-01

14

Diagnosis of atrial septal defect by the combined use of spin echo method and cine MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study is to clarify the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially of cine MRI, in the diagnosis of atrial septal defect (ASD) with or without associated anomalies. Thirty patients were studied by MRI and they consisted of 15 patients with ASD and 15 control patients with cardiac disease other than ASD. Horizontal and sagittal sections of the whole heart were obtained using spin-echo sequence (SE) and the multi-phase images of four-chamber plane were obtained using cine MRI. By SE, the defect of interatrial septum was visualized in all 15 patients with ASD, but the similar pattern was also observed in 3 of 15 control patients. By cine MRI, the shunt flow through the defect was visualized as a relatively high signal area accompanied with low signal areas on both sides. When using the criteria of the presence of both the defect and the shunt flow by cine MRI, all of the 15 patients with ASD and the 15 control patients were correctly diagnosed. On the other hand, SE was very useful in the diagnosis of the anomalies associated with ASD, especially in 3 patients with anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. Thus, the combined use of cine MRI with SE is useful for the diagnosis of ASD and its associated anomalies. (author).

Yoshida, Eriko; Mikami, Taisei; Anzai, Teisuke; Fukuda, Hiroyuki; Hashimoto, Masayuki; Hirabayashi, Takayuki; Nishijima, Hirotaka; Yasuda, Hisakazu; Fujita, Nobuyuki (Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). School of Medicine)

1990-10-01

15

Diagnosis of atrial septal defect by the combined use of spin echo method and cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to clarify the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially of cine MRI, in the diagnosis of atrial septal defect (ASD) with or without associated anomalies. Thirty patients were studied by MRI and they consisted of 15 patients with ASD and 15 control patients with cardiac disease other than ASD. Horizontal and sagittal sections of the whole heart were obtained using spin-echo sequence (SE) and the multi-phase images of four-chamber plane were obtained using cine MRI. By SE, the defect of interatrial septum was visualized in all 15 patients with ASD, but the similar pattern was also observed in 3 of 15 control patients. By cine MRI, the shunt flow through the defect was visualized as a relatively high signal area accompanied with low signal areas on both sides. When using the criteria of the presence of both the defect and the shunt flow by cine MRI, all of the 15 patients with ASD and the 15 control patients were correctly diagnosed. On the other hand, SE was very useful in the diagnosis of the anomalies associated with ASD, especially in 3 patients with anomalous pulmonary venous drainage. Thus, the combined use of cine MRI with SE is useful for the diagnosis of ASD and its associated anomalies. (author).

1990-01-01

16

Normal cardiac diameters in cine-MRI of the heart  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To measure the normal diameters of cardiac cavities in standard cardiac views using cine MRI. Materials and Methods: Fifty-six volunteers were examined (27 male, 29 female) on a 1.5 T MR unit with ECG-triggered single shot free precision (SSFP) cine MR sequences and parallel image acquisition. Standardized echocardiographic planes were used to depict the heart of all volunteers (short axis, 4-chamber view, left and right 2-chamber views). The different diameters of the cardiac cavities were measured using a fixed protocol. Results: For the estimation of ventricular dilatation, the important female/male cross diameters of the left ventricle are 45.2±3.4/51.6±4.6 mm diastolic and 30.5±3.5/33.8±3.6 mm systolic, and of the right ventricle 30.7±3.8/37.1±5.9 mm diastolic and 22.3±3.8/28.1±4.4 mm systolic. For the determination of a left ventricular hypertrophy, relevant septal wall thickness measured in the short axis of the left ventricle of female/male volunteers are 8.0±1.0/9.9±1.2 mm diastolic and 10.9±1.4/13.6±1.9 mm systolic. The measured normal values of male volunteers were generally higher than those of female volunteers. The thickness of the ventricular septum correlated well when measured in the short axis and 4-chamber view. When measured in the 4-chamber view, the longitudinal diameter of the ventricles had a higher value in diastole and a lower value in systole, compared to the 2-chamber views of the right and left cardiac cavities. The atrial longitudinal diameters were higher in the 4-chamber view compared to the 2-chamber views, without any difference in systole or diastole. Conclusion: Diameters of cardiac cavities are easily and quickly measured. Using the tables with the normal values published here, it is simple to estimate an abnormal size of the heart. (orig.)

2004-01-01

17

Three-dimensional MRI-linac intra-fraction guidance using multiple orthogonal cine-MRI planes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The introduction of integrated MRI-radiation therapy systems will offer live intra-fraction imaging. We propose a feasible low-latency multi-plane MRI-linac guidance strategy. In this work we demonstrate how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used for low-latency tracking of the 3D trajectory of a soft-tissue target structure. The proposed strategy relies on acquiring a pre-treatment 3D breath-hold scan, extracting a 3D target template and performing template matching between this 3D template and pairs of orthogonal 2D cine-MRI planes intersecting the target motion path. For a 60 s free-breathing series of orthogonal cine-MRI planes, we demonstrate that the method was capable of accurately tracking the respiration related 3D motion of the left kidney. Quantitative evaluation of the method using a dataset designed for this purpose revealed a translational error of 1.15 mm for a translation of 39.9 mm. We have demonstrated how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used for online tracking of soft-tissue target volumes.

Bjerre T; Crijns S; af Rosenschöld PM; Aznar M; Specht L; Larsen R; Keall P

2013-07-01

18

Three-dimensional MRI-linac intra-fraction guidance using multiple orthogonal cine-MRI planes  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The introduction of integrated MRI-radiation therapy systems will offer live intra-fraction imaging. We propose a feasible low-latency multi-plane MRI-linac guidance strategy. In this work we demonstrate how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used for low-latency tracking of the 3D trajectory of a soft-tissue target structure. The proposed strategy relies on acquiring a pre-treatment 3D breath-hold scan, extracting a 3D target template and performing template matching between this 3D template and pairs of orthogonal 2D cine-MRI planes intersecting the target motion path. For a 60 s free-breathing series of orthogonal cine-MRI planes, we demonstrate that the method was capable of accurately tracking the respiration related 3D motion of the left kidney. Quantitative evaluation of the method using a dataset designed for this purpose revealed a translational error of 1.15 mm for a translation of 39.9 mm. We have demonstrated how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used foronline tracking of soft-tissue target volumes.

Bjerre, Troels; Crijns, Sjoerd

2013-01-01

19

Detection of mechanical ventricular asynchrony by high temporal resolution cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose was to assess the feasibility of high temporal resolution cine MRI (HTRC-MRI) to detect and to quantify mechanical ventricular asynchrony in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). Inter- and intraventricular delays were quantified by HTRC-MRI in 32 patients with (n=17) and without (n=15) LBBB. In patients with LBBB, delays by HTRC-MRI were correlated with echocardiographic parameters using pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography (PW-Echo) and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI-Echo). The interventricular delay by HTRC-MRI was 110±50 ms in patients with and -1±18 ms in patients without LBBB (P

2008-01-01

20

Evaluation of pulmonary arterial morphology and function in cyanotic congenital heart disease by MRI and cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Pulmonary arterial anatomy was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography and two-dimensional echocardiography in 20 patients with cyanotic heart disease associated with decreased pulmonary blood flow. Excellent correlation between MRI and angiographic estimates of pulmonary artery diameter was obtained (main pulmonary artery, r=0.87; right pulmonary artery, r=0.96; left pulmonary artery, r=0.95). However, echocardiography could not describe peripheral pulmonary arteries obviously, especially left pulmonary artery. In the assessment of peripheral pulmonary stenosis or obstruction, cine MRI was superior to echocardiography. We conclude that MRI and cine MRI will play an important role in the serial evaluation of pulmonary arterial morphology and function in patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease before and after surgical repair. (author)

1993-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Evaluation of pulmonary arterial morphology and function in cyanotic congenital heart disease by MRI and cine MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Pulmonary arterial anatomy was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography and two-dimensional echocardiography in 20 patients with cyanotic heart disease associated with decreased pulmonary blood flow. Excellent correlation between MRI and angiographic estimates of pulmonary artery diameter was obtained (main pulmonary artery, r=0.87; right pulmonary artery, r=0.96; left pulmonary artery, r=0.95). However, echocardiography could not describe peripheral pulmonary arteries obviously, especially left pulmonary artery. In the assessment of peripheral pulmonary stenosis or obstruction, cine MRI was superior to echocardiography. We conclude that MRI and cine MRI will play an important role in the serial evaluation of pulmonary arterial morphology and function in patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease before and after surgical repair. (author).

Hashimoto, Ikuo; Tsubata, Shinichi; Miyazaki, Ayumi; Ichida, Fukiko; Okada, Toshio; Murakami, Arata; Futatsuya, Ryuusuke; Nakajima, Kenshuu; Nakajima, Akio (Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical Univ. (Japan))

1993-01-01

22

Three-dimensional cine MRI in free-breathing infants and children with congenital heart disease  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Patients with congenital heart disease frequently have complex cardiac and vascular malformations requiring detailed non-invasive diagnostic evaluation including functional parameters. To evaluate the morphological and functional information provided by a novel 3-D cine steady-state free-precession (SSFP) sequence. Twenty consecutive children (mean age 2.2 years, nine boys) were examined using a 1.5-T MR system including 2-D cine gradient-recalled-echo sequences, static 3-D SSFP and 3-D cine SSFP sequences. Measurement of ventricular structures and volumes showed close agreement between the 3-D cine SSFP sequence and the 2-D cine gradient-recalled-echo and static 3-D SSFP sequences (left ventricular volumes mean difference 1.0-1.9 ml and 8.8-11.4%, respectively; right ventricular volumes 1.7-2.1 ml and 9.9-16.9%, respectively). No systematic bias was observed. 3-D cine MRI provides anatomic as well as functional information with sufficient spatial and temporal resolution in free-breathing infants with congenital heart disease. (orig.)

Seeger, Achim; Fenchel, Michael C.; Kramer, Ulrich; Bretschneider, Christiane; Doering, Joerg; Claussen, Claus D.; Miller, Stephan [University of Tuebingen (Germany). Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology; Greil, Gerald F. [St. Thomas Hospital, Division of Imaging Sciences, King' s College London (United Kingdom); Martirosian, Petros [University of Tuebingen, Section of Experimental Radiology, Tuebingen (Germany); Sieverding, Ludger [University of Tuebingen, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Tuebingen (Germany)

2009-12-15

23

Three-dimensional cine MRI in free-breathing infants and children with congenital heart disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Patients with congenital heart disease frequently have complex cardiac and vascular malformations requiring detailed non-invasive diagnostic evaluation including functional parameters. To evaluate the morphological and functional information provided by a novel 3-D cine steady-state free-precession (SSFP) sequence. Twenty consecutive children (mean age 2.2 years, nine boys) were examined using a 1.5-T MR system including 2-D cine gradient-recalled-echo sequences, static 3-D SSFP and 3-D cine SSFP sequences. Measurement of ventricular structures and volumes showed close agreement between the 3-D cine SSFP sequence and the 2-D cine gradient-recalled-echo and static 3-D SSFP sequences (left ventricular volumes mean difference 1.0-1.9 ml and 8.8-11.4%, respectively; right ventricular volumes 1.7-2.1 ml and 9.9-16.9%, respectively). No systematic bias was observed. 3-D cine MRI provides anatomic as well as functional information with sufficient spatial and temporal resolution in free-breathing infants with congenital heart disease. (orig.)

2009-01-01

24

Accelerated phase-contrast cine MRI using k-t SPARSE-SENSE.  

Science.gov (United States)

Phase-contrast (PC) cine MRI is a promising method for assessment of pathologic hemodynamics, including cardiovascular and hepatoportal vascular dynamics, but its low data acquisition efficiency limits the achievable spatial and temporal resolutions within clinically acceptable breath-hold durations. We propose to accelerate PC cine MRI using an approach which combines compressed sensing and parallel imaging (k-t SPARSE-SENSE). We validated the proposed 6-fold accelerated PC cine MRI against 3-fold accelerated PC cine MRI with parallel imaging (generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions). With the programmable flow pump, we simulated a time varying waveform emulating hepatic blood flow. Normalized root mean square error between two sets of velocity measurements was 2.59%. In multiple blood vessels of 12 control subjects, two sets of mean velocity measurements were in good agreement (mean difference = -0.29 cm/s; lower and upper 95% limits of agreement = -5.26 and 4.67 cm/s, respectively). The mean phase noise, defined as the standard deviation of the phase in a homogeneous stationary region, was significantly lower for k-t SPARSE-SENSE than for generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (0.05 ± 0.01 vs. 0.19 ± 0.06 radians, respectively; P < 0.01). The proposed 6-fold accelerated PC cine MRI pulse sequence with k-t SPARSE-SENSE is a promising investigational method for rapid velocity measurement with relatively high spatial (1.7 mm × 1.7 mm) and temporal (?35 ms) resolutions. PMID:22083998

Kim, Daniel; Dyvorne, Hadrien A; Otazo, Ricardo; Feng, Li; Sodickson, Daniel K; Lee, Vivian S

2011-11-14

25

Accelerated phase-contrast cine MRI using k-t SPARSE-SENSE.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Phase-contrast (PC) cine MRI is a promising method for assessment of pathologic hemodynamics, including cardiovascular and hepatoportal vascular dynamics, but its low data acquisition efficiency limits the achievable spatial and temporal resolutions within clinically acceptable breath-hold durations. We propose to accelerate PC cine MRI using an approach which combines compressed sensing and parallel imaging (k-t SPARSE-SENSE). We validated the proposed 6-fold accelerated PC cine MRI against 3-fold accelerated PC cine MRI with parallel imaging (generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions). With the programmable flow pump, we simulated a time varying waveform emulating hepatic blood flow. Normalized root mean square error between two sets of velocity measurements was 2.59%. In multiple blood vessels of 12 control subjects, two sets of mean velocity measurements were in good agreement (mean difference = -0.29 cm/s; lower and upper 95% limits of agreement = -5.26 and 4.67 cm/s, respectively). The mean phase noise, defined as the standard deviation of the phase in a homogeneous stationary region, was significantly lower for k-t SPARSE-SENSE than for generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (0.05 ± 0.01 vs. 0.19 ± 0.06 radians, respectively; P < 0.01). The proposed 6-fold accelerated PC cine MRI pulse sequence with k-t SPARSE-SENSE is a promising investigational method for rapid velocity measurement with relatively high spatial (1.7 mm × 1.7 mm) and temporal (?35 ms) resolutions.

Kim D; Dyvorne HA; Otazo R; Feng L; Sodickson DK; Lee VS

2012-04-01

26

MRI findings in neuroferritinopathy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Neuroferritinopathy is a neurodegenerative disease which demonstrates brain iron accumulation caused by the mutations in the ferritin light chain gene. On brain MRI in neuroferritinopathy, iron deposits are observed as low-intensity areas on T2WI and as signal loss on T2(?)WI. On T2WI, hyperintense abnormalities reflecting tissue edema and gliosis are also seen. Another characteristic finding is the presence of symmetrical cystic changes in the basal ganglia, which are seen in the advanced stages of this disorder. Atrophy is sometimes noted in the cerebellar and cerebral cortices. The variety in the MRI findings is specific to neuroferritinopathy. Based on observations of an excessive iron content in patients with chronic neurologic disorders, such as Parkinson disease and Alzheimer disease, the presence of excess iron is therefore recognized as a major risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases. The future development of multimodal and advanced MRI techniques is thus expected to play an important role in accurately measuring the brain iron content and thereby further elucidating the neurodegenerative process. PMID:21808735

Ohta, Emiko; Takiyama, Yoshihisa

2011-07-21

27

MRI findings in neuroferritinopathy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Neuroferritinopathy is a neurodegenerative disease which demonstrates brain iron accumulation caused by the mutations in the ferritin light chain gene. On brain MRI in neuroferritinopathy, iron deposits are observed as low-intensity areas on T2WI and as signal loss on T2(?)WI. On T2WI, hyperintense abnormalities reflecting tissue edema and gliosis are also seen. Another characteristic finding is the presence of symmetrical cystic changes in the basal ganglia, which are seen in the advanced stages of this disorder. Atrophy is sometimes noted in the cerebellar and cerebral cortices. The variety in the MRI findings is specific to neuroferritinopathy. Based on observations of an excessive iron content in patients with chronic neurologic disorders, such as Parkinson disease and Alzheimer disease, the presence of excess iron is therefore recognized as a major risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases. The future development of multimodal and advanced MRI techniques is thus expected to play an important role in accurately measuring the brain iron content and thereby further elucidating the neurodegenerative process.

Ohta E; Takiyama Y

2012-01-01

28

Study on flip angle in tagging pulse for myocardial tagging cine MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tagging is achieved by selective radio-frequency (RF) excitation, and the contrast of the tag should be dependent on the flip angle of the tagging pulse (FA[sub tag]). In order to determine the optimal FA[sub tag] for maintaining high contrast during cardiac cycle in ECG-gated gradient field echo myocardial tagging cine MRI, we derived a theoretical equation for the signal intensity of the tagged region. To verify our equation, tagging cine MRI was performed for a piece of pork as a phantom and for a healthy volunteer using a 0.5T MR imager. The FA[sub tag] was varied within the range from 40deg to 180deg in phantom studies, and set to 90deg and 180deg in human studies. T[sub 1] and T[sub 2] values were obtained from the phantom using spine echo images because these values were required for our equation. The contrast of the tag was defined as the signal difference between tagged and nontagged regions. In the phantom studies, the signal intensity curves of the tag were similar to the theoretical equation. The contrast of the tag remained highest approximately 250 ms following the QRS when FA[sub tag] ws 180deg in our equation. This result was supported by both the phantom and human studies. We concluded that the optimal FA[sub tag] was 180deg to maintain high contrast of the tag in myocardial tagging cine MRI. (author).

Kizukuri, Taika; Anno, Hirofumi (Fujita Health Univ., Toyoake, Aichi (Japan)); Tokunaga, Yu (and others)

1993-08-01

29

Myocardial deformation recovery from cine MRI using a nearly incompressible biventricular model.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This paper presents a method for biventricular myocardial deformation recovery from cine MRI. The method is based on a deformable model that is nearly incompressible, a desirable property since the myocardium has been shown to be nearly incompressible. The model uses a matrix-valued radial basis function to represent divergence-free displacement fields, which is a first order approximation of incompressibility. This representation allows for deformation modeling of an arbitrary topologies with a relatively small number of parameters, which is suitable for representing the motion of the multi-chamber structure of the heart. The myocardium needs to be segmented in an initial frame after which the method automatically determines the tissue deformation everywhere in the myocardium throughout the cardiac cycle. Two studies were carried out to validate the method. In the first study the myocardial deformation was recovered from a 3D anatomical cine MRI sequence of a healthy volunteer and then validated against the manual segmentation of the biventricular wall and against the corresponding 3D tagged cine MRI sequence. The average volume agreement between the model and the manual segmentation had a false positive rate of 3.2%, false negative rate of 2.8% and true positive rate of 91.4%. The average distance between the model and manually determined intersections of perpendicular tag planes was 1.7mm (1.2 pixel). The same procedures was repeated on another set of 3D anatomical and tagged MRI scans of the same volunteer taken four months later. The recovered deformation was very similar to the one obtained from the first set of scans. In the second study the method was applied to 3D anatomical cine MRI scans of three patients with ventricular dyssynchrony and three age-matched healthy volunteers. The recovered strains of the normal subjects were clearly stronger than the recovered strains of the patients and they were similar to those reported by other researchers. The recovered deformation of all six subjects was validated against manual segmentation of the biventricular wall and against corresponding tagged MRI scans. The agreement was similar to that of the first study.

Bistoquet A; Oshinski J; Skrinjar O

2008-02-01

30

Myocardial deformation recovery from cine MRI using a nearly incompressible biventricular model.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a method for biventricular myocardial deformation recovery from cine MRI. The method is based on a deformable model that is nearly incompressible, a desirable property since the myocardium has been shown to be nearly incompressible. The model uses a matrix-valued radial basis function to represent divergence-free displacement fields, which is a first order approximation of incompressibility. This representation allows for deformation modeling of an arbitrary topologies with a relatively small number of parameters, which is suitable for representing the motion of the multi-chamber structure of the heart. The myocardium needs to be segmented in an initial frame after which the method automatically determines the tissue deformation everywhere in the myocardium throughout the cardiac cycle. Two studies were carried out to validate the method. In the first study the myocardial deformation was recovered from a 3D anatomical cine MRI sequence of a healthy volunteer and then validated against the manual segmentation of the biventricular wall and against the corresponding 3D tagged cine MRI sequence. The average volume agreement between the model and the manual segmentation had a false positive rate of 3.2%, false negative rate of 2.8% and true positive rate of 91.4%. The average distance between the model and manually determined intersections of perpendicular tag planes was 1.7mm (1.2 pixel). The same procedures was repeated on another set of 3D anatomical and tagged MRI scans of the same volunteer taken four months later. The recovered deformation was very similar to the one obtained from the first set of scans. In the second study the method was applied to 3D anatomical cine MRI scans of three patients with ventricular dyssynchrony and three age-matched healthy volunteers. The recovered strains of the normal subjects were clearly stronger than the recovered strains of the patients and they were similar to those reported by other researchers. The recovered deformation of all six subjects was validated against manual segmentation of the biventricular wall and against corresponding tagged MRI scans. The agreement was similar to that of the first study. PMID:18234539

Bistoquet, Arnaud; Oshinski, John; Skrinjar, Oskar

2007-12-14

31

Stress cine MRI for detection of coronary artery disease; Stress-Cine-MRT zur Primaeridagnostik der koronaren Herzkrankheit  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Stress testing is the cornerstone in the diagnosis of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Stress echocardiography has become a well-established modality for the detection of ischemia-induced wall motion abnormalities. However, display and reliable interpretation of stress echocardiography studies are user-dependent, the test reproducibility is low, and 10 to 15% of patients yield suboptimal or non-diagnostic images. Due to its high spatial and contrast resolution, MRI is known to permit an accurate determination of left ventricular function and wall thickness at rest. Early stress MRI studies provided promising results with respect to the detection of CAD. However, the clinical impact was limited due to long imaging time and problematic patient monitoring in the MRI environment. Recent technical improvements - namely ultrafast MR image acquisition - led to a significant reduction of imaging time and improved patient safety. Stress can be induced by physical exercise or pharmacologically by administration of a beta{sub 1}-agonist (dobutamine) or vasodilatator (dipyridamole and adenosine). The best developed and most promising stress MRI technique is a high-dose dobutamine/atropine stress protocol (10, 20, 30, 40 {mu}g/kg/min; optionally 0.25-mg fractions of atropine up to maximal dose 1 mg). Severe complications (myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation and sustained tachycardia, cardiogenic shock) may be expected in 0.25% of patients. Currently, data of three high-dose dobutamine stress MRI studies are available, revealing a good sensitivity (83 - 87%) and specificity (83 - 86%) in the assessment of CAD. The direct comparison between echocardiography and MRI for the detection of stress-induced wall motion abnormalities yielded better results for dobutamine-MRI in terms of sensitivity (86.2% vs. 74.3%; p < 0.05) and specificity (85.7% vs. 69.8% p < 0.05) as compared to dobutamine stress echocardiography. The superior results of MRI can mainly be explained by the better image quality with sharp delineation of the endocardial and epicardial borders. Currently, stress MRI is already a realistic clinical alternative for the non-invasive assessment of CAD in patients with impaired image quality in echocardiography. (orig.) [German] Belastungsuntersuchungen sind einer der wesentlichen Pfeiler der nicht-invasiven Diagnostik der koronaren Herzkrankheit (KHK). Die Stress-Cine-Magnetresonanztomographie (Stress-MRT) beruht wie die Stressechokardiographie auf dem direkten Nachweis ischaemieinduzierter Wandbewegungsstoerungen. Ihr Einsatz bei kardialen Belastungsuntersuchungen wurde bisher vor allem durch die langen Untersuchungszeiten und die limitierten Ueberwachungsmoeglichkeiten der Patienten eingeschraenkt. Erst seit kurzem wurden durch technische Weiterentwicklungen (insbesondere ultraschnelle k-Raum-segmentierte Sequenzen) die wesentlichen Rahmenbedingungen fuer eine klinisch praktikable kardiale MRT-Belastungsdiagnostik geschaffen. Als Stress-Induktoren koennen physikalische (Fahrradergometrie) und pharmakologische Belastungsverfahren ({beta}{sub 1}-Mimetika [Dobutamin] oder Vasodilatatoren [Dipyridamol, Adenosin]) eingesetzt werden. Insbesondere seit der Etablierung von Hochdosis-Protokollen mit fakultativer Atropingabe wird die Belastung mit Dobutamin bei der Stress-MRT zum Nachweis einer KHK (Sensitivitaet: 83 - 87%; Spezifitaet: 83 - 86%) von den meisten Arbeitsgruppen favorisiert. Schwerere Komplikationen treten in 0,25% der Faelle auf. Im direkten Vergleich zeigte sich die Dobutamin-Stress-MRT aufgrund der besseren Bildqualitaet der Dobutamin-Stressechokardiographie ueberlegen (Sensitivitaet: 86,2% vs. 74,3%, p < 0,05; Spezifitaet: 85,7% vs. 69,8%, p < 0,05). Die Stress-MRT ist bereits zum jetzigen Zeitpunkt eine realistische - in der Routinediagnostik anwendbare - Alternative zur Stressechokardiographie. Vom Einsatz der Stress-MRT profitieren zur Zeit v.a. Patienten, bei denen aufgrund grundsaetzlich schlechter Schallbarkeit mit hoher Wahrscheinlichkeit von nicht oder nur eingeschra

Sommer, T.; Hofer, U.; Schild, H. [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Radiologische Klinik; Omran, H. [Medizinische Universitaetsklinik II Bonn (Germany)

2002-05-01

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Normal cardiac diameters in cine-MRI of the heart; Normalwerte der Herzdurchmesser in der Cine-MRT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: To measure the normal diameters of cardiac cavities in standard cardiac views using cine MRI. Materials and Methods: Fifty-six volunteers were examined (27 male, 29 female) on a 1.5 T MR unit with ECG-triggered single shot free precision (SSFP) cine MR sequences and parallel image acquisition. Standardized echocardiographic planes were used to depict the heart of all volunteers (short axis, 4-chamber view, left and right 2-chamber views). The different diameters of the cardiac cavities were measured using a fixed protocol. Results: For the estimation of ventricular dilatation, the important female/male cross diameters of the left ventricle are 45.2{+-}3.4/51.6{+-}4.6 mm diastolic and 30.5{+-}3.5/33.8{+-}3.6 mm systolic, and of the right ventricle 30.7{+-}3.8/37.1{+-}5.9 mm diastolic and 22.3{+-}3.8/28.1{+-}4.4 mm systolic. For the determination of a left ventricular hypertrophy, relevant septal wall thickness measured in the short axis of the left ventricle of female/male volunteers are 8.0{+-}1.0/9.9{+-}1.2 mm diastolic and 10.9{+-}1.4/13.6{+-}1.9 mm systolic. The measured normal values of male volunteers were generally higher than those of female volunteers. The thickness of the ventricular septum correlated well when measured in the short axis and 4-chamber view. When measured in the 4-chamber view, the longitudinal diameter of the ventricles had a higher value in diastole and a lower value in systole, compared to the 2-chamber views of the right and left cardiac cavities. The atrial longitudinal diameters were higher in the 4-chamber view compared to the 2-chamber views, without any difference in systole or diastole. Conclusion: Diameters of cardiac cavities are easily and quickly measured. Using the tables with the normal values published here, it is simple to estimate an abnormal size of the heart. (orig.)

Hergan, K.; Schuster, A.; Mair, M.; Burger, R.; Toepker, M. [Zentrales Inst. fuer Radiologie, Landeskrankenhaus Feldkirch (Austria)

2004-11-01

33

Detection of mechanical ventricular asynchrony by high temporal resolution cine MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose was to assess the feasibility of high temporal resolution cine MRI (HTRC-MRI) to detect and to quantify mechanical ventricular asynchrony in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB). Inter- and intraventricular delays were quantified by HTRC-MRI in 32 patients with (n=17) and without (n=15) LBBB. In patients with LBBB, delays by HTRC-MRI were correlated with echocardiographic parameters using pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography (PW-Echo) and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI-Echo). The interventricular delay by HTRC-MRI was 110{+-}50 ms in patients with and -1{+-}18 ms in patients without LBBB (P<0.0001). The intraventricular delay was 336{+-}86 ms in patients with compared to 40{+-}49 ms in patients without LBBB (P<0.0001). A strong correlation (r=0.78, P=0.0002) and good agreement (mean difference: 39{+-}36 ms) was found for the interventricular delay between HTRC-MRI and PW-Echo. A good correlation (r=0.66, P=0.0042), but a large discrepancy (mean difference: 257{+-}64 ms) was found for the intraventricular delay between HTRC-MRI and TDI-Echo. Detection and quantification of mechanical ventricular asynchrony using HTRC-MRI is feasible. However, further comparison with other imaging modalities is required. (orig.)

Muellerleile, Kai; Barmeyer, Achim; Dinkelacker, Alexander; Baholli, Loant; Koester, Ralf [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Center for Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hamburg (Germany); Stork, Alexander; Bansmann, Martin; Adam, Gerhard [University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hamburg (Germany); Graessner, Joachim [Siemens Medical Solutions Health Services GmbH, Hamburg (Germany); Lund, Gunnar [Cardiovascular Imaging, Roentgeninstitut Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf (Germany)

2008-07-15

34

MRI findings in Kallmann syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Kallmann syndrome (KS) is a neuronal migration disorder characterised by hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism and anosmia or hyposmia. Five patients with clinical findings suggestive of KS were evaluated with MRI. All patients had abnormalities of olfactory system. Olfactory bulbs were absent in all patients. Olfactory sulci were absent in 3 patients and hypoplastic in 2 patients. Anterior pituitary was hypoplastic in two patients. The MRI findings in KS are characteristic and MRI is a useful adjunct to the diagnosis of KS.

Madan R; Sawlani Vijay; Gupta Sushil; Phadke R

2004-01-01

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Assessment of left atrial volume by Gd-DTPA-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI. Hemodynamic assessment in various diseases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To assess the validity of contrast-enhanced breath-hold ultrafast cine MR imaging in left atrial (LA) volumes (LA max.I: maximal volume index of LA/LA min.I: minimal volume index of LA) and LA-volume curve, this method was compared with intravenous digital subtraction left atrial angiography (DSA) in serial 26 patients. The pulse sequence of ultrafast cine MRI were TR 8 ms, TE 3.2 ms, matrix 128 x 96 and NEX 1. The contrast-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI was shown to provide accurate left atrial images with higher success rate (88.9% in horizontal long axis view and 86.9% in vertical long axis view) in serial 891 cases. Comparison with LA volumes showed a high correlation (LA max.I: r=0.934, p<0.001/LA min.I: r=0941, p<0.001) between ultrafast cine MRI and DSA, but LA volumes were underestimated in MRI. The left atrial volumes were calculated with biplane modified Simpson`s rule method on horizontal and vertical long axis sections. Normal LA volumes obtained by ultrafast cine MRI were 30{+-}5 ml/m{sup 2} in maximum and 17{+-}5 ml/m{sup 2} in minimum. In patients with hypertension, old myocardial infarction, mitral valve diseases, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, LA-volumes were significantly increased. The LA-volumes at the beginning of left atrial active contraction were significantly correlated with LA-volume of active contraction. However, in patients with DCM, these statistical correlation were not demonstrated. In patients with DCM, preload of LA were increased, but LA-volumes of active contraction were not increased. For this reason, the afterload mismatch of LA was suspected in DCM. In conclusion, the contrast-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI is useful for determining LA volumes and LA volume curves. (author).

Matsumura, Kentaro; Nakase, Emiko; Hashi, Masashi; Kawai, Ichiro; Saito, Takayuki; Haiyama, Tohru; Kikkawa, Nobutada [Kyoto Minami Hospital, Nishishichijyo (Japan)

1995-10-01

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Cine-MRI tagging for assessment of ventricular wall motion in patients under maintenance hemodialysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We evaluated the ventricular wall shortening velocity of patients with volume overload using cine-MRI tagging. The subjects were 12 healthy volunteers and 10 patients under maintenance hemodialysis. Three linear tags (basal, mid-ventricular, and apical) were set up in the 4-chamber view and ? distance/Ejection time (?d/ET) was calculated before and after hemodialysis. Before hemodialysis, ?d/ET was significantly greater at the basal level than after hemodialysis (right ventricular wall : 64.7±14.3 vs 59.1±15.4 mm/s, P

1994-01-01

37

Hippocampal malrotation: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To demonstrate the common features of hippocampus malrotation in patients with epilepsy by volumetric and high-resolution MRI. Material and methods: MRI study was performed in 5 patients (2 females and 3 males) ages ranged between 6-41 years (average: 25 years), all of them with epilepsy diagnosis. MRI was performed with a 1.5 T (GE Signa). The epilepsy protocol include sagittal T1, axial T1 and T2, coronal FLAIR, coronal T2 (high-resolution) and volumetric 3D SPGR IR 1.5 mm thick sequences. Results: The common features found in all patients were: a) Incomplete inversion and round configuration of the hippocampus; b) Unilateral affectation; c) Variable affectation of the hippocampus; d) Normal signal intensity; e) Modification of the inner structure of the hippocampus; f) Abnormal angularity of the collateral sulcus; g) Abnormal position and size of the fornix; h) Normal size of the temporal lobe; and i) Enlargement of the temporal horn with particular configuration. Conclusion: Hippocampus malrotation is a malformation that should be included in the differential diagnosis of the epilepsy patients. MRI provides accurate information for the diagnosis. (author)

2001-01-01

38

Cine-MRI tagging for assessment of ventricular wall motion in patients under maintenance hemodialysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We evaluated the ventricular wall shortening velocity of patients with volume overload using cine-MRI tagging. The subjects were 12 healthy volunteers and 10 patients under maintenance hemodialysis. Three linear tags (basal, mid-ventricular, and apical) were set up in the 4-chamber view and [Delta] distance/Ejection time ([Delta]d/ET) was calculated before and after hemodialysis. Before hemodialysis, [Delta]d/ET was significantly greater at the basal level than after hemodialysis (right ventricular wall : 64.7[+-]14.3 vs 59.1[+-]15.4 mm/s, P<0.05, interventricular septum : 36.3[+-]6.9 vs 32.4[+-]7.6 mm/s, P<0.05, left ventricular free wall : 40.5[+-]6.8 vs 36.1[+-]8.2 mm/s, P<0.05). Thus, volume overload increased [Delta]d/ET of the normal heart. We concluded that cine-MRI tagging could quantitatively evaluate right and left ventricular wall motion. (author).

Kamata, Hiroyuki; Yoshioka, Kunihiro; Takahashi, Tuneo; Nakai, Kenji; Hiramori, Katsuhiko (Iwate Medical Univ., Morioka (Japan). School of Medicine)

1994-09-01

39

Dynamics of upper airways during the muller maneuver in healthy subjects: a cine MRI study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The Müller maneuver has been widely applied to mimic the pathophysiological condition of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during wakefulness. We applied cine MRI to elucidate dynamics of the upper airway during the Müller maneuver in healthy subjects (n = 7). Three sets of images (during quiet nose breathing, quiet mouth breathing, and Müller maneuver) were recorded on sagittal midline plane together with impedance pneumography. The position of the tongue root changed during a respiratory cycle when subjects breathed quietly. At the early inspiratory phase the tongue root moved forward and upward, the retroglossal airway size increased toward the middle of inspiration, and the airway size became smaller again toward the end of inspiration. During expiration the airway size became further smaller. When the subject performed the Müller maneuver, the movement of the oropharynx and its narrowing were greater than those of the velopharynx. However, the airway was not completely obstructed. A relatively large morphological change was observed in the retropalatal and retroglossal regions with the backward and downward motion of the tongue root and flattening of the tongue shape during the Müller maneuver. Although patterns of upper airway narrowing and tongue shape alterations were variable among subjects, upper airway narrowing was commonly prominent in the retroglossal area. Cine MRI with the Müller maneuver enables to visualize the upper airway dynamics and could be easily applied to evaluate upper airway collapsibility during wakefulness.

Fukushi I; Okada Y

2013-01-01

40

Observation of the CSF pulsative flow using cine MRI and presaturation pulse, 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The to-and-fro motion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the aqueduct was visualized using cine MRI combined with a presaturation pulse before the radiofrequency pulse in each cardiac phase. Next, an attempt was made to quantify its velocity from those images. For clinical uses, imaging parameters, such as pulse interval time (PI) and flip angle (FA), were studied for a flow phantom and normal volunteers. The shorter the PI chosen, the more accurate was the quantificaiton, and the better was the imaging contrast obtained. It was noted, however, that if the velocity is slow (such as the CSF flow in the aqueduct), a slightly longer PI must be chosen to measure the distance of the moved presaturated bolus from the images. As a result, a PI of less than 50 msec was employed. With FA, the best contrast was noted with settings between 10deg and 15deg. Two methods using a presaturation pulse were employed: cine mode and single phase mode. In normal volunteers, both methods were used to measure the velocity of CSF in the aqueduct during each cardiac phase. Velocity curves were then quantified. The direction of the CSF flow was changed at 20-30% and 70-80% of the RR interval. In early and late phases of the RR interval, the direction was rostral, and in the other phase, it was caudal. In single phase mode the maximum velocity was 14±1.4 mm/s in the rostal direction, and 12.3±2.0 mm/s in the caudal direction. In cine mode, however, the former was 7.3±1.7 mm/s, and the latter was 8.0±2.4 mm/s. The single phase mode appeared to be a more accurate method than the cine mode for quantification. The cine mode was then performed in four patients with brain atrophy and in four patients with hydrocephalus. Differences in the maximum velocity and the to-and-fro motion pattern between those pathological states were assessed. The utility of this method for studying CSF circulation was demonstrated. (author).

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Rabies, encephalomyelitis: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors present a 14 year old patient who started with walking and swallowing difficulty; followed by fever, abdominal and lower back pain. Mechanical breathing difficulties required a respiratory mechanic assistance. The diagnosis of Guillain-Barre syndrome was thought at first. Since the patient have had previous contact with a bat two months before the symptoms began, this suggested rabies as the main diagnosis, which was later confirmed by hair-bulb, cornea, oral mucosa and salival immunofluorescence. The brain and spinal cord MRI showed focal lesions in T2 and FLAIR sequences, compatible with encephalomyelitis. (author)

2002-01-01

42

MRI findings following laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Sacrocolpopexy is a surgical procedure that provides effective treatment for pelvic prolapse. The surgical technique and complications of laproscopic sacrocolpopexy are described. This review presents experience of MRI for postoperative assessment and illustrates normal and abnormal findings.

Schofield, M.L.A. [Department of Radiology, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton (New Zealand); Higgs, P. [Department of Gynaecology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Central Manchester and Manchester Childrens University Hospital, Oxford Road, Manchester (United Kingdom); Hawnaur, J.M. [Department of Radiology, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Central Manchester and Manchester Childrens University Hospital, Oxford Road, Manchester (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: jhawnaur@hotmail.com

2005-03-01

43

Comparison of delayed enhanced cine MRI, single photon emission computed tomography and echocardiography for the detection of viable myocardium  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of delayed enhanced cardiac MRI(DE-MRI), nitrate stress 99Tcm-MIBI imaging (N-SPECT) and low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (LDDSE) for the detection of viable myocardium. Methods: Cardiac rest cine MRI(cine-MRI), DE-URI, N-SPECT and LDDSE were performed in 32 patients within one week after onset of acute myocardial infarction and undertaking percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) thereafter. Second cine-MRI was performed 6- 11 months after PCI. A 16-segment model was adopted for the image analysis. Wall motion improvement after PCI was considered as a myocardial viability. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of three methods for the detection of viable segments were compared dy t and ?2 test. Results: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DE-MRI were 76.7% (79/103), 83.8% (88/105)and 80.3% (167/208), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of N-SPECT were 75.9% (82/108), 65.2% (60/92) and 71.0% (142/200), respectively. The specificity and accuracy of N-SPECT were significantly lower than that of DE- MRI(P

2009-01-01

44

MRI findings in Hirayama disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The objective of the study was to study the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of Hirayama disease on a 3 Tesla MRI scanner. Nine patients with clinically suspected Hirayama disease were evaluated with neutral position, flexion, contrast-enhanced MRI and fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) sequences. The spectrum of MRI features was evaluated and correlated with the clinical and electromyography findings. MRI findings of localized lower cervical cord atrophy (C5-C7), abnormal curvature, asymmetric cord flattening, loss of attachment of the dorsal dural sac and subjacent laminae in the neutral position, anterior displacement of the dorsal dura on flexion and a prominent epidural space were revealed in all patients on conventional MRI as well as with the dynamic 3D-FIESTA sequence. Intramedullary hyperintensity was seen in four patients on conventional MRI and on the 3D-FIESTA sequence. Flow voids were seen in four patients on conventional MRI sequences and in all patients with the 3D-FIESTA sequence. Contrast enhancement of the epidural component was noted in all the five patients with thoracic extensions. The time taken for conventional and contrast-enhanced MRI was about 30-40 min, while that for the 3D-FIESTA sequence was 6 min. Neutral and flexion position MRI and the 3D-FIESTA sequence compliment each other in displaying the spectrum of findings in Hirayama disease. A flexion study should form an essential part of the screening protocol in patients with suspected Hirayama disease. Newer sequences such as the 3D-FIESTA may help in reducing imaging time and obviating the need for contrast.

Raval Monali; Kumari Rima; Dung Dung Aldrin; Guglani Bhuvnesh; Gupta Nitij; Gupta Rohit

2010-01-01

45

MRI findings in bipartite patella  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Bipartite patella is a known cause of anterior knee pain. Our purpose was to detail the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of bipartite patella in a retrospective cohort of patients imaged at our institution. MRI exams from 53 patients with findings of bipartite patella were evaluated to assess for the presence of bone marrow edema within the bipartite fragment and for the presence of abnormal signal across the synchondrosis or pseudarthrosis. Any other significant knee pathology seen at MRI was also recorded. We also reviewed 400 consecutive knee MRI studies to determine the MRI prevalence of bipartite patella. Of the 53 patients with bipartite patella 40 (75%) were male; 35 (66%) had edema within the bipartite fragment. Of the 18 with no edema an alternative explanation for knee pain was found in 13 (72%). Edema within the bipartite fragment was the sole finding in 26 of 53 (49%) patients. Bipartite patella was seen in 3 (0.7%) of 400 patients. In patients with bipartite patella at knee MRI, bone marrow edema within the bipartite fragment was the sole finding on knee MRI in almost half of the patients in our series. (orig.)

2007-01-01

46

MRI findings in bipartite patella  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Bipartite patella is a known cause of anterior knee pain. Our purpose was to detail the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of bipartite patella in a retrospective cohort of patients imaged at our institution. MRI exams from 53 patients with findings of bipartite patella were evaluated to assess for the presence of bone marrow edema within the bipartite fragment and for the presence of abnormal signal across the synchondrosis or pseudarthrosis. Any other significant knee pathology seen at MRI was also recorded. We also reviewed 400 consecutive knee MRI studies to determine the MRI prevalence of bipartite patella. Of the 53 patients with bipartite patella 40 (75%) were male; 35 (66%) had edema within the bipartite fragment. Of the 18 with no edema an alternative explanation for knee pain was found in 13 (72%). Edema within the bipartite fragment was the sole finding in 26 of 53 (49%) patients. Bipartite patella was seen in 3 (0.7%) of 400 patients. In patients with bipartite patella at knee MRI, bone marrow edema within the bipartite fragment was the sole finding on knee MRI in almost half of the patients in our series. (orig.)

Kavanagh, Eoin C. [University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre, Department of Radiology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Zoga, Adam; Omar, Imran [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ford, Stephanie; Eustace, Stephen [Cappagh National Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Radiology, Dublin (Ireland); Schweitzer, Mark [Hospital for Joint Disease, Orthopedic Institute, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States)

2007-03-15

47

Brain venous pathologies: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To describe MRI findings of the different brain venous pathologies. Material and Methods: Between January 2002 and March 2004, 18 patients were studied 10 males and 8 females between 6 and 63 years old; with different brain venous pathologies. In all cases brain MRI were performed including morphological sequences with and without gadolinium injection and angiographic venous sequences. Results: 10 venous occlusions were found, 6 venous angiomas, and 2 presented varices secondary to arteriovenous dural fistula. Conclusion: Brain venous pathologies can appear in many different clinical contexts, with different prognosis and treatment. In all the cases brain MRI was the best imaging study to disclose typical morphologic abnormalities. (author)

2006-01-01

48

Adrenoleukodystrophy: CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A case of adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) with CT and MRI findings is described. The CT scan showed low densities in the white matter of the parietal and occipital lobes. No calcifications were seen. Post-contrast CT showed an abnormal enhancement within the involved white matter. MRI showed changes of demyelination around the atria of the lateral ventricles bilaterally involving the posterior aspect of the cerebrum symmetrically. The posterior part of the posterior corpus callosum, splenium and pyramidal tracts also showed increased signal intensity. From a review of the literature, these findings are typical of the radiological changes seen in ALD. ALD can be diagnosed from typical history and biochemical changes as well as from CT and MRI findings. (orig.)

Patel, P.J. [Dept. of Radiology, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Kolawole, T.M. [Dept. of Radiology, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Malabarey, T.M. [Dept. of Radiology, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Al-Herbish, A.S. [Dept. of Paediatrics, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Al-Jurrayan, N.A.M. [Dept. of Paediatrics, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Saleh, M. [Dept. of Paediatrics, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

1995-06-01

49

Retrospective Reconstruction of High Temporal Resolution Cine Images from Real-Time MRI using Iterative Motion Correction  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cardiac function has traditionally been evaluated using breath-hold cine acquisitions. However, there is a great need for free breathing techniques in patients who have difficulty in holding their breath. Real-time cardiac MRI is a valuable alternative to the traditional breath-hold imaging approach, but the real-time images are often inferior in spatial and temporal resolution. This article presents a general method for reconstruction of high spatial and temporal resolution cine images from a real-time acquisition acquired over multiple cardiac cycles. The method combines parallel imaging and motion correction based on nonrigid registration and can be applied to arbitrary k-space trajectories. The method is demonstrated with real-time Cartesian imaging and Golden Angle radial acquisitions, and the motion-corrected acquisitions are compared with raw real-time images and breath-hold cine acquisitions in 10 (N = 10) subjects. Acceptable image quality was obtained in all motion-corrected reconstructions, and theresulting mean image quality score was (a) Cartesian real-time: 2.48, (b) Golden Angle real-time: 1.90 (1.00–2.50), (c) Cartesian motion correction: 3.92, (d) Radial motion correction: 4.58, and (e) Breath-hold cine: 5.00. The proposed method provides a flexible way to obtain high-quality, high-resolution cine images in patients with difficulty holding their breath

Hansen, Michael Schacht; SØrensen, Thomas Sangild

2012-01-01

50

MRI findings of orbital mass  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A total of 41 cases (17 pseudotumor, 11 lymphoma, 4 cavernous hemangioma, and 9 others) with a orbital mass (es), who underwent MRI, are the basis of this study. The 14 MRI findings (size, shape, signal intensity, etc.) were retrospectively analyzed. Subjective rating score of irregular undulation, homogeneity of signal intensity (SI) on T1WI and SI on (fat-sat) T2WI of cavernous hemangioma was significantly higher than that of pseudotumor. Subjective rating score of irregular undulation, SI on (fat-sat) T2WI and homogeneity of SI on (fat-sat) T2WI of cavernous hemangioma was significantly higher than that of lymphoma. Subjective rating score of lymphoma was significantly higher than that of pseudotumor. There was no significant difference in age, sex and subjective rating score of 9 MRI findings (size, shape, etc). (author)

2003-01-01

51

MRI findings of Intracranial hemangioblastoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Complete resection of the tumor nodule (mural nodule or solid portion of the tumor) is the essential goal of surgical treatment for hemangioblastoma. The purpose of this study was to classify the morphologic types of intracranial hemangioblastoma on MRI and to compare the location and contour of tumor nodule on MRI with those on angiography. The MRI findings of 34 lesions (38 lesions if 4 spinal cord lesions were included) in 26 patients (17 males and 9 females, range of age, 18-67 years, mean, 39 years) with surgically and histopathologically proved intracranial hemangioblastomas were reviewed. Seventeen patients underwent CT scanning in a short interval. Contrast-enahnced T1-weighted imaging patterns of hemangioblastoma were classified according to Ho's morphologic types. The location and contour of tumor nodule were compared between MRI and angiography in 15 patients (24 lesions). By location, cerebellar hemisphere predominated (55%), followed by cerebellar vermis (26%), supratentorial region (5%), and medulla oblongata (3%). Spinal cord lesions (11%) were seen in 3 patients of 5 von Hippel-Lindau diseases. The frequency of morphologic types was as follows; Type 1 (purely cystic), 3%, Type 2 (mural nodule), 50%, Type 3 (cyst with wall enhancement), 3%, Type 4 (cystic nodule), 15%, Type 5 (solid with internal cyst), 9%, and Type 6 (solid), 20%. All tumor nodules (33 lesions) enhanced intensely with intravenous contrast material on MRI, of which 24 lesions (in 15 patients) revealed hypervascular masses fed by pial arteries on angiography. They were superficial and abutted pia mater partially or in large portion on both MRI and angiography. Over 70% of intracranial hemangioblastomas had a surrounding cyst, and superficial, pial-based location and number of the tumor nodules on MRI was correlated well with those on angiography. MRI is the examination of choice for preoperative evaluation of intracranial hemangioblastoma.

Kim, Jong Deok; Cho, Mee Young [College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Baik, Seung Kug [Wallace Memorial Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Sun Sub [College of Medicine Dong-A University, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Chang Soo; Chung, Chun Phil [Maryknoll Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

1995-10-15

52

Internal margin assessment using cine MRI analysis of deglutition in head and neck cancer radiotherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a promising treatment modality for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). The dose distributions from IMRT are static and, thus, are unable to account for variations and/or uncertainties in the relationship between the patient (region being treated) and the beam. Organ motion comprises one such source of this uncertainty, introduced by physiological variation in the position, size, and shape of organs during treatment. In the head and neck, the predominant source of this variation arises from deglutition (swallowing). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether cinematographic MRI (cine MRI) could be used to determine asymmetric (nonuniform) internal margin (IM) components of tumor planning target volumes based on the actual deglutition-induced tumor displacement. Methods: Five head and neck cancer patients were set up in treatment position on a 3 T MRI scanner. Two time series of single-slice, sagittal, cine images were acquired using a 2D FLASH sequence. The first time series was a 12.8 min scan designed to capture the frequency and duration of deglutition in the treatment position. The second time series was a short, 15 s scan designed to capture the displacement of deglutition in the treatment position. Deglutition frequency and mean swallow duration were estimated from the long time series acquisition. Swallowing and resting (nonswallowing) events were identified on the short time series acquisition and displacement was estimated based on contours of gross tumor volume (GTV) generated at each time point of a particular event. A simple linear relationship was derived to estimate 1D asymmetric IMs in the presence of resting- and deglutition-induced displacement. Results: Deglutition was nonperiodic, with frequency and duration ranging from 2.89-24.18 mHz and from 3.86 to 6.10 s, respectively. The deglutition frequency and mean duration were found to vary among patients. Deglutition-induced maximal GTV displacements ranged from 0.00 to 28.36 mm with mean and standard deviation of 4.72±3.18, 3.70±2.81, 2.75±5.24, and 10.40±10.76 mm in the A, P, I, and S directions, respectively. Resting-induced maximal GTV displacement ranged from 0.00 to 5.59 mm with mean and standard deviation of 3.01±1.80, 1.25±1.10, 3.23+2.20, and 2.47±1.11 mm in the A, P, I, and S directions, respectively. For both resting and swallowing states, displacement along the S-I direction dominated displacement along the A-P direction. The calculated IMs were dependent on deglutition frequency, ranging from 3.28-4.37 mm for the lowest deglutition frequency patient to 3.76-6.43 mm for the highest deglutition frequency patient. A statistically significant difference was detected between IMs calculated for P and S directions (p=0.0018). Conclusions: Cine MRI is able to capture tumor motion during deglutition. Swallowing events can be demarcated by MR signal intensity changes caused by anatomy containing fully relaxed spins that move medially into the imaging plane during deglutition. Deglutition is nonperiodic and results in dynamic changes in the tumor position. Deglutition-induced displacements are larger and more variable than resting displacements. The nonzero mean maximum resting displacement indicates that some tumor motion occurs even when the patient is not swallowing. Asymmetric IMs, derived from deglutition frequency, duration, and directional displacement, should be employed to account for tumor motion in HNC RT.

2011-01-01

53

MRI Findings in Knee Trauma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available   "nMRI is the examination of choice for the evaluation of knee trauma. The use of a surface coil and thin-section high resolution scanning techniques in multiple planes has enhanced the depiction of structural details. This article reviews the MRI appearance of the normal knee anatomy and the role of MRI in the evaluation of knee trauma. The suggested protocol for the imaging of traumatic knee is coronal, sagittal and axial fast spin echo. At least one fat suppression sequence should be performed to rescale the contrast range and increase the conspicuity of soft tissue edema, fluid collection and bone marrow edema. The sagittal plane is generally the most effective for reviewing the internal derangement of the knee. Coronal imaging is necessary for the evaluation of the medial and lateral collateral ligament complex and axial imaging depicts the patellofemoral joint best. A meniscal tear is identified by an intrameniscal signal which extends to the joint surface. Tears in the anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate and collateral ligaments are also depicted. In this article we also evaluate the MRI findings of 100 patients with knee trauma and report the incidence of injury to different parts of the joint. The most common findings are joint effusion, meniscal injury and ACL tear. Some interesting cases of knee injuries are also shown.  

Maryam Barzin; Iradj Maleki

2009-01-01

54

Assessment of left atrial volume by Gd-DTPA-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI. Hemodynamic assessment in various diseases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] To assess the validity of contrast-enhanced breath-hold ultrafast cine MR imaging in left atrial (LA) volumes (LA max.I: maximal volume index of LA/LA min.I: minimal volume index of LA) and LA-volume curve, this method was compared with intravenous digital subtraction left atrial angiography (DSA) in serial 26 patients. The pulse sequence of ultrafast cine MRI were TR 8 ms, TE 3.2 ms, matrix 128 x 96 and NEX 1. The contrast-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI was shown to provide accurate left atrial images with higher success rate (88.9% in horizontal long axis view and 86.9% in vertical long axis view) in serial 891 cases. Comparison with LA volumes showed a high correlation (LA max.I: r=0.934, p2 in maximum and 17±5 ml/m2 in minimum. In patients with hypertension, old myocardial infarction, mitral valve diseases, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, LA-volumes were significantly increased. The LA-volumes at the beginning of left atrial active contraction were significantly correlated with LA-volume of active contraction. However, in patients with DCM, these statistical correlation were not demonstrated. In patients with DCM, preload of LA were increased, but LA-volumes of active contraction were not increased. For this reason, the afterload mismatch of LA was suspected in DCM. In conclusion, the contrast-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI is useful for determining LA volumes and LA volume curves. (author)

1995-01-01

55

Cardiac and respiratory self-gated cine MRI in the mouse: comparison between radial and rectilinear techniques at 7T.  

Science.gov (United States)

ECG-gated cardiac MRI in the mouse is hindered by many technical difficulties in ECG signal recording inside high magnetic field scanners. The present study proposes a robust rectilinear method of acquiring cardiac and respiratory self-gated cine images in mouse hearts. In this approach, a motion-synchronization MR signal is collected in the center of k-space simultaneously with imaging data in each readout of a nontriggered rectilinear acquisition. This signal is then used for both cardiac and respiratory retrospective gating before cine image reconstruction. The value of this approach for overcoming ECG-gating failure was demonstrated by performing cardiac imaging in eight mice with myocardial infarction. Comparison with an auto-gated radial k-space sampling technique, previously reported for cardiac applications in the mouse, found the rectilinear strategy more robust, thanks to a more reliable self-gating signal, while the radial strategy was less sensitive to motion and flow artifacts. PMID:17899593

Hiba, Bassem; Richard, Nathalie; Thibault, Hélène; Janier, Marc

2007-10-01

56

Methanol poisoning: characteristic MRI findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Acute methanol intoxication is not an unusual poisoning. It can have serious neurological sequelae. We emphasize how neuroimaging can help in distinguishing methanol poisoning from other causes of acute unconsciousness in alcoholic patients such as hypoglycemic brain damage and carbon monoxide poisoning or head injury, which are frequently observed in alcoholic patients and are also responsible for altered sensorium. The most important findings in MR brain imaging in methanol poisoning have been bilateral putaminal hemorrhagic necrosis. Other less common findings are subcortical and deep white matter lesions, cerebral and cerebellar cortical lesions, and midbrain lesions, cerebral and intraventricular hemorrhage, and even enhancement of necrotic lesions, we found almost the entire spectrum of MRI findings in this patient with methanol poisoning. Neurological sequelae can entail the course and prognosis in methanol poisoning. The patient died because of ventilator-associated pneumonia that developed in the course of prolonged hospitalization.

Jain N; Himanshu D; Verma SP; Parihar A

2013-01-01

57

MRI findings of vermian medulloblastoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To find characteristic MRI features of vermian medulloblastoma. Materials and methods; MRI studies and medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 12 patients with surgically proven midline medulloblastoma. The assessment concerned appearance of the mass in relation to surrounding structures: MR signal intensity; the enhancement pattern; the mass's location and size: presence of a cystic/necrotic area, calcification, or vascular void: extension through the foramen Luschka: degree of hydrocephalus: and presence of tonsillar herniation. The midline medulloblastoma commonly showed roundish moon-surface appearance, especially on the axial T2-weighted images. All tumors showed heterogeneous signal intensities mainly due to intratumoral cystic/necrotic or hemorrhagic changes. The tumors were commonly located at mid-and/or inferior vermis. Occasionally the tumors extended through the foramen Luschka, and caused obstructive hydrocephalus of moderate to severe degree. Post-contrast study showed heterogeneous, dense contrast enhancement in the majority of patients. The MR finding of the moon-surface appearance formed by both the mass and the intratumoral cystic/necrotic change as seen on axial T2-weighted images could be helpful in the diagnosis of vermian medulloblastoma.

Jung, Seung Eun; Choi, Kyu Ho; Chung, Myung Hee; Yang, Il Kwon; Shinn, Kyung Sub; Park, Young Sub [Catholic Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1996-01-01

58

MRI findings of vermian medulloblastoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To find characteristic MRI features of vermian medulloblastoma. Materials and methods; MRI studies and medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 12 patients with surgically proven midline medulloblastoma. The assessment concerned appearance of the mass in relation to surrounding structures: MR signal intensity; the enhancement pattern; the mass's location and size: presence of a cystic/necrotic area, calcification, or vascular void: extension through the foramen Luschka: degree of hydrocephalus: and presence of tonsillar herniation. The midline medulloblastoma commonly showed roundish moon-surface appearance, especially on the axial T2-weighted images. All tumors showed heterogeneous signal intensities mainly due to intratumoral cystic/necrotic or hemorrhagic changes. The tumors were commonly located at mid-and/or inferior vermis. Occasionally the tumors extended through the foramen Luschka, and caused obstructive hydrocephalus of moderate to severe degree. Post-contrast study showed heterogeneous, dense contrast enhancement in the majority of patients. The MR finding of the moon-surface appearance formed by both the mass and the intratumoral cystic/necrotic change as seen on axial T2-weighted images could be helpful in the diagnosis of vermian medulloblastoma

1996-01-01

59

MRI findings in Hirayama disease  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of the study was to study the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of Hirayama disease on a 3 Tesla MRI scanner. Nine patients with clinically suspected Hirayama disease were evaluated with neutral position, flexion, contrast-enhanced MRI and fast imaging employing steady-state ac...

Raval, Monali; Kumari, Rima; Dung, Aldrin Anthony Dung; Guglani, Bhuvnesh; Gupta, Nitij; Gupta, Rohit

60

Evaluation of early systolic flow pattern in left ventricle by tagging cine MRI in normal volunteers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The tagging method is a new technique, which permits to apply discretionary lines (tags) on MR images. To evaluate intra left ventricular (LV) flow pattern, we performed ECG-gated gradient field echo cine MRI using tagging method in five normal male volunteers, aged 22-42 years. The horizontal long axis view of LV was imaged by multiphasic field echo pulse sequence. The three parallel tags (basal, middle and apical portion) were established on the horizontal long axis view of LV just after the triggered QRS waves. And the initial two images (70 ms and 120 ms after the triggered QRS waves) were analyzed. On the two tags (middle and apical portion) of these three tags, we measured the distance of displacement of the tags on three points (the near site of IVS, middle portion and the near site of free wall) respectively. At 70 ms after the trigger point, the only tagged blood at the near site of free wall flowed toward the apex. At 120 ms after the trigger point, all the tagged blood flowed toward the outflow tract of LV. And the maximum blood flow velocity was observed at the near site of IVS on middle portion of LV (166.0 mm/s). These results coincided with earlier studies by Doppler echocardiography. But we could not observe intra LV blood flow patterns throughout one cardiac cycle in this pulse sequence, because the tags had flowed out from LV and had become unclear due to spin relaxation and mixing. We concluded that the tagging method was useful to evaluate intra left ventricular blood flow patterns in early systolic phase. (author).

1992-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Evaluation of early systolic flow pattern in left ventricle by tagging cine MRI in normal volunteers  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The tagging method is a new technique, which permits to apply discretionary lines (tags) on MR images. To evaluate intra left ventricular (LV) flow pattern, we performed ECG-gated gradient field echo cine MRI using tagging method in five normal male volunteers, aged 22-42 years. The horizontal long axis view of LV was imaged by multiphasic field echo pulse sequence. The three parallel tags (basal, middle and apical portion) were established on the horizontal long axis view of LV just after the triggered QRS waves. And the initial two images (70 ms and 120 ms after the triggered QRS waves) were analyzed. On the two tags (middle and apical portion) of these three tags, we measured the distance of displacement of the tags on three points (the near site of IVS, middle portion and the near site of free wall) respectively. At 70 ms after the trigger point, the only tagged blood at the near site of free wall flowed toward the apex. At 120 ms after the trigger point, all the tagged blood flowed toward the outflow tract of LV. And the maximum blood flow velocity was observed at the near site of IVS on middle portion of LV (166.0 mm/s). These results coincided with earlier studies by Doppler echocardiography. But we could not observe intra LV blood flow patterns throughout one cardiac cycle in this pulse sequence, because the tags had flowed out from LV and had become unclear due to spin relaxation and mixing. We concluded that the tagging method was useful to evaluate intra left ventricular blood flow patterns in early systolic phase. (author).

Sakakura, Kazuyoshi; Anno, Naoko; Kondo, Takeshi (Fujita Health Univ., Toyoake, Aichi (Japan)) (and others)

1992-03-01

62

Observation of the CSF pulsatile flow in the aqueduct using cine MRI with presaturation bolus tracking, 3  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The to-and-fro motion patterns of the CSF flow in the aqueduct in ten normal adults, ten patients with secondary normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), and fourteen patients with idiopathic ventriculomegaly were analyzed using cine MRI with presaturation bolus tracking. The to-and-fro motion patterns of the CSF flow in the aqueduct were thus classified into four types according to their maximum velocity and the relative time duration of their flow in the rostral and caudal directions. The correlation between the clinical symptoms, the CT findings, the RI-cisternography findings, the results of the ICP monitorings, and the CSF pulsatile-flow patterns were then analyzed. In secondary NPH disclosing frequent B waves on ICP monitoring, the maximum velocity of the CSF flow in the aqueduct was over 15 mm/sec, and the duration of the CSF flow was longer in the caudal direction than in the rostral direction. Furthermore, the faster the maximum velocity of the CSF flow, the larger the ventricular size on CT and the more severe the CSF malabsorption on cisternography. In idiopathic ventriculomegaly, only two cases demonstrated the same CSF flow pattern as was shown in secondary NPH; the other cases demonstrated other CSF flow patterns, which were considered to indicate hydrocephalus ex vacuo or arrested hydrocephalus. The CSF pulsatile-flow pattern was assumed to change according to the degree of the CSF circulatory disorder, its compensatory process, and the plasticity of the brain. The investigation of the CSF pulsatile flow gives important information for the evaluation of various hydrocephalic conditions. (author).

1992-01-01

63

MRI findings of congenita dysosmia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the MRI findings of congenital dysosmia. Methods: Forty-seven patients with congenital dysosmia (39 with Kallmann syndrome and 8 with isolated dysosmia) and 21 normal volunteers underwent MRI examination. The features of congenital malformation were recorded. The volume of olfactory bulbs, depth of olfactory sulci as well as diameters of pituitary glands and stalks were measured. The rate of dysplasia of olfactory bulbs and tracts in the two patients groups was compared with X2 test. The difference of volume of olfactory bulbs between the two groups was evaluated with nonparametric test. And the difference of diameters of pituitary glands and stalks was analyzed with analysis of variance. Results: All the patients had abnormal findings in olfactory bulbs, tracts and/or olfactory sulci on MR images. The patterns of congenital malformation may be dysplastic of hypoplastic, symmetric or asymmetric. The proportion of patients with dysplasia of olfactory bulbs and tracts in Kallmann syndrome patients (31/39) was higher than that in isolated dysosmia ones (2/8) (X2 = 6.998, P =0.008), and the olfactory bulbs'volume of patients with Kallmann syndrome (median 8 mm3) was smaller than that of patients with isolated dysosmia (median 22 mm3) (Z = -2.902, P =0.004). The pituitary glands were smaller and the stalks were thinner in patients with Kallmann syndrome than those in volunteers [ the anteroposterior diameter of pituitary glands in Kallmann syndrome (7.22 ± 1.93) mm, that in normal volunteers (9.94 ± 1.59) mm, F= 16.835, P =0.000; height of pituitary glands in Kallmann syndrome (3.71 ± 1.74) mm, that in normal volunteers (6.00 ± 1.24) mm, F =16.092, P =0.000; the anteroposterior diameter of pituitary stalks in Kallmann syndrome (1.19 ± 0.55) mm, that in normal volunteers (1.88 ± 0.49) mm, F =13.060, P =0.000]. Conclusions: In congenital dysosmic patients, dysplasia or hypoplasia of olfactory bulbs, tracts and sulci can be clearly depicted on MR images. MR imaging is valuable for clinical diagnosis and treatment. (authors)

2009-01-01

64

Respiratory lumenal change of the pharynx and trachea in normal subjects and COPD patients: assessment by cine-MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to use cine-MRI during continuous respiration to measure the respiratory lumenal diameter change in the pharynx and at an upper tracheal level. Fifteen non-smokers and 23 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with smoking history (median 50 pack-years) were included. Cine-MRI with seven frames/s was performed during continuous respiration. Minimal and maximal cross-sectional lumenal diameters within the pharynx and the upper tracheal lumen area were measured. The median diameter change in the pharynx (tracheal area) was 70% (1.4 cm2) in volunteers and 76% (1.7 cm2) in smokers (P=0.98, P=0.04). Tracheal lumenal collapse was a median of 43% in volunteers and 64% in smokers (P=0.011). No clear disease-related difference of the pharynx-lumen was found. The maximal cross-sectional area of the upper trachea lumen as well as the respiratory collapse was larger in COPD patients than in normal subjects. This information is important for the modelling of ventilation and prediction of drug deposition, which are influenced by the airway diameter. (orig.)

2004-01-01

65

Respiratory lumenal change of the pharynx and trachea in normal subjects and COPD patients: assessment by cine-MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to use cine-MRI during continuous respiration to measure the respiratory lumenal diameter change in the pharynx and at an upper tracheal level. Fifteen non-smokers and 23 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with smoking history (median 50 pack-years) were included. Cine-MRI with seven frames/s was performed during continuous respiration. Minimal and maximal cross-sectional lumenal diameters within the pharynx and the upper tracheal lumen area were measured. The median diameter change in the pharynx (tracheal area) was 70% (1.4 cm{sup 2}) in volunteers and 76% (1.7 cm{sup 2}) in smokers (P=0.98, P=0.04). Tracheal lumenal collapse was a median of 43% in volunteers and 64% in smokers (P=0.011). No clear disease-related difference of the pharynx-lumen was found. The maximal cross-sectional area of the upper trachea lumen as well as the respiratory collapse was larger in COPD patients than in normal subjects. This information is important for the modelling of ventilation and prediction of drug deposition, which are influenced by the airway diameter. (orig.)

Heussel, Claus Peter; Rist, Anja; Gast, Klaus Kurt; Schreiber, Wolfgang G. [Johannes Gutenberg University, Department of Radiology, Mainz (Germany); Ley, Sebastian; Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich [Johannes Gutenberg University, Department of Radiology, Mainz (Germany); German Cancer Research Centre, Department of Radiology, Heidelberg (Germany); Biedermann, Alexander [Department of Pneumology, III. Internal Medicine, Mainz (Germany)

2004-12-01

66

MRI changes in myocarditis - Evaluation with spin echo, cine MR angiography and contrast enhanced spin echo imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AIM: Myocarditis is probably under-diagnosed with clinical criteria generally used for diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has shown promise in detecting heart muscle disorders and we set out to assess the role of cine magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and contrast enhancement in myocarditis, as there is a need for a non-invasive tool that can aid prognosis and follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were evaluated with T1 SE pre- and post-gadolinium enhancement and cine MRA. Four patients were histologically proven to have myocarditis, eight others were diagnosed as having myocarditis by clinical criteria and eight did not have myocarditis. Images were evaluated in a blinded fashion for regional wall motion abnormality and contrast enhancement pattern. Analysis of contrast enhancement by signal intensity measurement was also performed. RESULTS: Focal myocardial enhancement with associated regional wall motion abnormality correlated with myocarditis in 10 out of 12 patients, two patients with abnormal focal enhancement alone also clinically had myocarditis. None of the non-myocarditis patients showed abnormal focal enhancement. Enhancement analysis suggests that focal corrected myocardial enhancement of > 40% is abnormal. CONCLUSION: In the correct clinical context, focal myocardial enhancement on spin echo MRI strongly supports a diagnosis of myocarditis, especially when associated with regional wall motion abnormality. Roditi, G.H. (2000).

2000-01-01

67

MRI changes in myocarditis - Evaluation with spin echo, cine MR angiography and contrast enhanced spin echo imaging  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

AIM: Myocarditis is probably under-diagnosed with clinical criteria generally used for diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has shown promise in detecting heart muscle disorders and we set out to assess the role of cine magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and contrast enhancement in myocarditis, as there is a need for a non-invasive tool that can aid prognosis and follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were evaluated with T1 SE pre- and post-gadolinium enhancement and cine MRA. Four patients were histologically proven to have myocarditis, eight others were diagnosed as having myocarditis by clinical criteria and eight did not have myocarditis. Images were evaluated in a blinded fashion for regional wall motion abnormality and contrast enhancement pattern. Analysis of contrast enhancement by signal intensity measurement was also performed. RESULTS: Focal myocardial enhancement with associated regional wall motion abnormality correlated with myocarditis in 10 out of 12 patients, two patients with abnormal focal enhancement alone also clinically had myocarditis. None of the non-myocarditis patients showed abnormal focal enhancement. Enhancement analysis suggests that focal corrected myocardial enhancement of > 40% is abnormal. CONCLUSION: In the correct clinical context, focal myocardial enhancement on spin echo MRI strongly supports a diagnosis of myocarditis, especially when associated with regional wall motion abnormality. Roditi, G.H. (2000)

Roditi, Giles H.; Hartnell, George G.; Cohen, Mylan C

2000-10-01

68

MRI findings of juvenile psoriatic arthritis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of juvenile psoriatic arthritis (JpsA) in children in order to facilitate early diagnosis and proper management. Two pediatric radiologists retrospectively reviewed in consensus a total of 37 abnormal MRI examinations from 31 pediatric patients (nine boys, 22 girls; age range 1-17 years; mean age 9.4 years) who had a definite diagnosis of JpsA and underwent MRI. Each MRI was evaluated for synovium abnormality (thickening and enhancement), joint effusion (small, moderate, and large), bone marrow abnormality (edema, enhancement, and location of abnormality), soft tissue abnormality (edema, enhancement, atrophy, and fatty infiltration), tendon abnormality (thickening, edema, tendon sheath fluid, and enhancement), and articular abnormality (joint space narrowing and erosion). The distribution of abnormal MRI findings among the six categories for the 37 MRI examinations was evaluated. The number of abnormal MRI findings for each MRI examination was assessed. Age at MRI examination and all six categories of abnormal MRI findings according to gender were evaluated. There were a total 96 abnormal MRI findings noted on 37 abnormal MRI examinations from 31 pediatric patients. The 37 abnormal MRI examinations included MRI of the hand (n=8), knee (n = 8), ankle (n = 5), pelvis (n = 5), temporomandibular joint (n = 4), wrist (n = 3), foot (n = 2), elbow (n = 1), and shoulder (n = 1). Twenty-eight diffuse synovial thickening and/or enhancement were the most common MRI abnormality (29.2%). Joint effusion comprised 22 abnormal MRI findings (22.9%). There were 16 abnormal MRI bone marrow edema and/or enhancement findings (16.7%), and in seven (7.3%) the edema involved non-articular sites. Soft tissue abnormality manifested as edema and/or enhancement constituted 14 abnormal MRI findings (14.5%). There were ten MRI abnormalities (10.4%) involving tendons. Articular abnormality seen as joint space narrowing and/or bone erosion comprised six abnormal MRI findings (6.2%). Most MRI examinations had more than one abnormal finding (84%). Age at which MRI examinations were performed was not significantly different between boys and girls. All six categories of abnormal MRI findings were not significantly different between boys and girls. Children with JpsA typically present with more than one abnormal finding on their MRI studies. While synovial abnormality is the most common MR finding in children with JpsA, multi-focal bone marrow edema and enhancement at both articular and non-articular sites are also notable findings in children with JpsA. The rate of articular abnormality is much lower in children with JpsA in comparison to adults with psoriatic arthritis. Our findings suggest that MRI can play a useful role in the diagnosis and ongoing assessment of this uncommon, though important, pediatric rheumatologic disorder. (orig.)

2008-01-01

69

Congenital dacryocystocele: prenatal MRI findings  

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Congenital dacryocystocele can be diagnosed prenatally by imaging. Prenatal MRI is increasingly utilized for fetal diagnosis. To present the radiological and clinical features of seven fetuses with congenital dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI. The institutional database of 1,028 consecutive prenatal MR examinations performed during a period of 4 years was reviewed retrospectively. The cases of congenital dacryocystocele were identified by reading the report of each MRI study. The incidence of dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI was 0.7% (n=7/1,028). The dacryocystocele was bilateral in three fetuses. Mean gestational age at the time of diagnosis was 31 weeks. The indication for prenatal MRI was the presence or the suspicion of central nervous system abnormality in six fetuses and diaphragmatic hernia in one. Dacryocystocele was associated with an intranasal cyst in six of ten eyes. Prenatal sonography revealed dacryocystocele in only two of seven fetuses. Of eight eyes with postnatal follow-up, four did not have any lacrimal symptoms. Prenatal MRI can delineate congenital dacryocystocele more clearly and in a more detailed fashion than ultrasonography. Presence of dacryocystocele was symptomatic in only 50% of our patients, supporting that prenatal diagnosis of dacryocystocele might follow a benign course. (orig.)

Yazici, Zeynep [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Uludag University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Bursa (Turkey); Kline-Fath, Beth M.; Rubio, Eva I.; Calvo-Garcia, Maria A.; Linam, Leann E. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Yazici, Bulent [Uludag University, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Bursa (Turkey)

2010-12-15

70

Congenital dacryocystocele: prenatal MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Congenital dacryocystocele can be diagnosed prenatally by imaging. Prenatal MRI is increasingly utilized for fetal diagnosis. To present the radiological and clinical features of seven fetuses with congenital dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI. The institutional database of 1,028 consecutive prenatal MR examinations performed during a period of 4 years was reviewed retrospectively. The cases of congenital dacryocystocele were identified by reading the report of each MRI study. The incidence of dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI was 0.7% (n=7/1,028). The dacryocystocele was bilateral in three fetuses. Mean gestational age at the time of diagnosis was 31 weeks. The indication for prenatal MRI was the presence or the suspicion of central nervous system abnormality in six fetuses and diaphragmatic hernia in one. Dacryocystocele was associated with an intranasal cyst in six of ten eyes. Prenatal sonography revealed dacryocystocele in only two of seven fetuses. Of eight eyes with postnatal follow-up, four did not have any lacrimal symptoms. Prenatal MRI can delineate congenital dacryocystocele more clearly and in a more detailed fashion than ultrasonography. Presence of dacryocystocele was symptomatic in only 50% of our patients, supporting that prenatal diagnosis of dacryocystocele might follow a benign course. (orig.)

2010-01-01

71

MRI findings in 100 epileptic children  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain were retrospectively reviewed in 100 consecutive pediatric patients with epilepsy in relation to the type of epilepsy and prognosis. There were 65 boys and 35 girls, ranging in age from 3 months to 25 years. Among 100 patients, 67 (a total of 102 lesions) showed abnormal findings on MRI. Morphological abnormalities, including ventricular enlargement, atrophy and malformation, were seen in 54 patients. Periventricular (n=14), frontal (n=3), temporal (n=8) and occipital (n=7) areas were of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. According to the type of epilepsy, MRI abnormality was seen in 34 (61%) of 56 patients with partial seizures and 33 (76%) of 44 patients with generalized seizures. When associated with cerebral palsy and mental retardation, the incidence of MRI abnormality was high. There was no sigificant correlation between MRI findings and prognosis. (N.K.).

Suzukawa, Junko; Sugimoto, Tateo; Araki, Atsushi (Kansai Medical School, Moriguchi, Osaka (Japan)) (and others)

1993-02-01

72

MRI findings of extramedullary haemopoiesis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Extramedullary haemopoiesis (EH) is a compensatory process associated with chronic haemolytic anaemia. It is rare, however, for such an abnormality to cause spinal cord compression. We present two patients with known beta-thalassaemia intermedia who developed spinal cord compression due to masses of extramedullary haematopoietic tissue in the epidural space of the thoracic spine. The EH masses were diagnosed by MRI as an isointense epidural lesion on both T1- and T2-weighted images, compressing severely the spinal cord. After administration of a paramagnetic agent, an intermediate enhancement of the masses was evident. All the vertebral bodies had low to intermediate signal intensity as a result of displacement of fatty marrow by haematopoietic marrow. Expansion of thoracic ribs with bilateral paravertebral masses were characteristic. A small dose of radiotherapy was given and marked improvement in neurological symptoms was evident. An MRI examination established shrinkage of the mass and decompression of spinal cord. The role of MRI in diagnosis of EH masses is essential and radiation therapy is a very effective treatment for this rare complication. PMID:11511905

Chourmouzi, D; Pistevou-Gompaki, K; Plataniotis, G; Skaragas, G; Papadopoulos, L; Drevelegas, A

2001-01-01

73

MRI findings of extramedullary haemopoiesis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Extramedullary haemopoiesis (EH) is a compensatory process associated with chronic haemolytic anaemia. It is rare, however, for such an abnormality to cause spinal cord compression. We present two patients with known beta-thalassaemia intermedia who developed spinal cord compression due to masses of extramedullary haematopoietic tissue in the epidural space of the thoracic spine. The EH masses were diagnosed by MRI as an isointense epidural lesion on both T1- and T2-weighted images, compressing severely the spinal cord. After administration of a paramagnetic agent, an intermediate enhancement of the masses was evident. All the vertebral bodies had low to intermediate signal intensity as a result of displacement of fatty marrow by haematopoietic marrow. Expansion of thoracic ribs with bilateral paravertebral masses were characteristic. A small dose of radiotherapy was given and marked improvement in neurological symptoms was evident. An MRI examination established shrinkage of the mass and decompression of spinal cord. The role of MRI in diagnosis of EH masses is essential and radiation therapy is a very effective treatment for this rare complication. (orig.)

Chourmouzi, D.; Pistevou-Gompaki, K.; Plataniotis, G.; Skaragas, G.; Papadopoulos, L.; Drevelegas, A. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology and Radiation Oncology, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki (Greece)

2001-09-01

74

MRI findings of extramedullary haemopoiesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Extramedullary haemopoiesis (EH) is a compensatory process associated with chronic haemolytic anaemia. It is rare, however, for such an abnormality to cause spinal cord compression. We present two patients with known beta-thalassaemia intermedia who developed spinal cord compression due to masses of extramedullary haematopoietic tissue in the epidural space of the thoracic spine. The EH masses were diagnosed by MRI as an isointense epidural lesion on both T1- and T2-weighted images, compressing severely the spinal cord. After administration of a paramagnetic agent, an intermediate enhancement of the masses was evident. All the vertebral bodies had low to intermediate signal intensity as a result of displacement of fatty marrow by haematopoietic marrow. Expansion of thoracic ribs with bilateral paravertebral masses were characteristic. A small dose of radiotherapy was given and marked improvement in neurological symptoms was evident. An MRI examination established shrinkage of the mass and decompression of spinal cord. The role of MRI in diagnosis of EH masses is essential and radiation therapy is a very effective treatment for this rare complication. (orig.)

2001-01-01

75

MRI findings of extramedullary haemopoiesis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Extramedullary haemopoiesis (EH) is a compensatory process associated with chronic haemolytic anaemia. It is rare, however, for such an abnormality to cause spinal cord compression. We present two patients with known beta-thalassaemia intermedia who developed spinal cord compression due to masses of extramedullary haematopoietic tissue in the epidural space of the thoracic spine. The EH masses were diagnosed by MRI as an isointense epidural lesion on both T1- and T2-weighted images, compressing severely the spinal cord. After administration of a paramagnetic agent, an intermediate enhancement of the masses was evident. All the vertebral bodies had low to intermediate signal intensity as a result of displacement of fatty marrow by haematopoietic marrow. Expansion of thoracic ribs with bilateral paravertebral masses were characteristic. A small dose of radiotherapy was given and marked improvement in neurological symptoms was evident. An MRI examination established shrinkage of the mass and decompression of spinal cord. The role of MRI in diagnosis of EH masses is essential and radiation therapy is a very effective treatment for this rare complication.

Chourmouzi D; Pistevou-Gompaki K; Plataniotis G; Skaragas G; Papadopoulos L; Drevelegas A

2001-01-01

76

MRI findings of Guillain-Barre syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate MRI findings of Guillain-Barre syndrome. In six patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome diagnosed by clinical, cerebrospinal fluid and electrophysiologic findings, a retrospective review of MR findings was conducted. Follow-up MRI scans were carried out in two patients showing minimal clinical improvement. Marked or moderate enhancement of thickened nerve roots was seen in all cases on gadopentetate dimeglumine enhanced axial T1-weighted images. Two patterns were seen; one was even enhancement of both anterior and posterior nerve roots (n=1) and the other was enhancement of anterior nerve roots only (n=5). Enhancement and thickness of nerve roots was seen to have slightly decreased on MRI follow-up at 32 and 50 days; clinical and electrophysiologic examination showed minimal improvement. Although MRI findings of nerve root enhancement are nonspecific and can be seen in neoplastic and other inflammatory diseases, the enhancement of thickened anterior nerve roots within the cal sac suggests Guillain-Barre syndrome.

1997-01-01

77

MRI findings of Guillain-Barre syndrome  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate MRI findings of Guillain-Barre syndrome. In six patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome diagnosed by clinical, cerebrospinal fluid and electrophysiologic findings, a retrospective review of MR findings was conducted. Follow-up MRI scans were carried out in two patients showing minimal clinical improvement. Marked or moderate enhancement of thickened nerve roots was seen in all cases on gadopentetate dimeglumine enhanced axial T1-weighted images. Two patterns were seen; one was even enhancement of both anterior and posterior nerve roots (n=1) and the other was enhancement of anterior nerve roots only (n=5). Enhancement and thickness of nerve roots was seen to have slightly decreased on MRI follow-up at 32 and 50 days; clinical and electrophysiologic examination showed minimal improvement. Although MRI findings of nerve root enhancement are nonspecific and can be seen in neoplastic and other inflammatory diseases, the enhancement of thickened anterior nerve roots within the cal sac suggests Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Park, Won Kyu; Lee, Hwa Jin; Byun, Woo Mok [Yeungnam Univ. College of Medicine, Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

1997-04-01

78

A case of brain SLE: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by multisystem involvement including central nervous system and various neurologic symptoms. The authors experienced a case of brain SLE and report MRI and other neuroimaging findings

1992-01-01

79

A case of brain SLE: MRI findings  

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Systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by multisystem involvement including central nervous system and various neurologic symptoms. The authors experienced a case of brain SLE and report MRI and other neuroimaging findings.

Kim, Myung Soon; Kim, Seung Min [Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju (Korea, Republic of)

1992-01-15

80

MRI findings of Rathke cleft cyst  

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The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic MRI findings of the Rathke cleft cyst. During a seven-year period, we retrospectively evaluated the MRI findings of 24 pathologically-proven Rathke cleft cysts. The patients included ten men and 14 women, and their mean age was 37. MRI findings were analyzed in terms of location, shape, size, signal intensity, homogeneity of cyst content, pattern of contrast enhancement, displacement of the pituitary stalk, and mass effect of the cyst on adjacent structures. MRI findings of midline intrasellar cyst with a staging water bag appearance, high signal intensity on T1- and T2WI, inhomogeneity of cyst content, and peripheral rim enhancement surrounding the cyst are common, and are characteristic of the Rathke cleft cyst. (author). 23 refs., 5 figs.

Han, Dong Bok; Lee, Ho Kyu; Kim, Chang Jin; Lee, Myung Jun; Weon, Young Cheol; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-12-01

 
 
 
 
81

MRI findings of Rathke cleft cyst  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic MRI findings of the Rathke cleft cyst. During a seven-year period, we retrospectively evaluated the MRI findings of 24 pathologically-proven Rathke cleft cysts. The patients included ten men and 14 women, and their mean age was 37. MRI findings were analyzed in terms of location, shape, size, signal intensity, homogeneity of cyst content, pattern of contrast enhancement, displacement of the pituitary stalk, and mass effect of the cyst on adjacent structures. MRI findings of midline intrasellar cyst with a staging water bag appearance, high signal intensity on T1- and T2WI, inhomogeneity of cyst content, and peripheral rim enhancement surrounding the cyst are common, and are characteristic of the Rathke cleft cyst. (author). 23 refs., 5 figs.

1997-01-01

82

MRI findings of multiple sclerosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Nine patients of clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 1.0 T. The MS plaques were seen in the brain and spinal cord in eight and three patients, respectively. The frequent sites of MS plaques were periventricular white matter, brain stem, and cervical cord. The shape of most brain MS plaques was round or finger-like configuration. The MS plaques showed high signal intensity on T2 weighted images and low or iso signal intensity on T1 weighted images in all nine cases. Contrast enhancement was seen in 4 cases. Mild brain atrophy was noted in 2 cases and mass effect in 1 case. The sites of cord MS plaques in three patients were C2-C4, C2-C5, and C4-C6 levels respectively. The core MS plaques showed high signal intensity on T2 weighted image and contrast enhancement on Gd-DTPA enhanced T1 weighted images in all 3 case with mild cord expansion in 2 cases. In conclusion, MRI is a useful diagnosis tool in evaluating the MS plaques involved central nervous system.

1993-01-01

83

MRI findings in acute Hendra virus meningoencephalitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Aim: To describe serial changes in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute human infection from two outbreaks of Hendra virus (HeV), relate these changes to disease prognosis, and compare HeV encephalitis to reported cases of Nipah virus encephalitis. Materials and methods: The MRI images of three human cases (two of which were fatal) of acute HeV meningoencephalitis were reviewed. Results: Cortical selectivity early in the disease is evident in all three patients, while deep white matter involvement appears to be a late and possibly premorbid finding. This apparent early grey matter selectivity may be related to viral biology or ribavirin pharmacokinetics. Neuronal loss is evident at MRI, and the rate of progression of MRI abnormalities can predict the outcome of the infection. In both fatal cases, the serial changes in the MRI picture mirrored the clinical course. Conclusion: This is the first comprehensive report of serial MRI findings in acute human cerebral HeV infection from two outbreaks. The cortical selectivity appears to be an early finding while deep white matter involvement a late, and possibly premorbid, finding. In both fatal cases, the serial changes in MRI mirrored the clinical course.

2012-01-01

84

MRI findings in acute Hendra virus meningoencephalitis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To describe serial changes in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute human infection from two outbreaks of Hendra virus (HeV), relate these changes to disease prognosis, and compare HeV encephalitis to reported cases of Nipah virus encephalitis. Materials and methods: The MRI images of three human cases (two of which were fatal) of acute HeV meningoencephalitis were reviewed. Results: Cortical selectivity early in the disease is evident in all three patients, while deep white matter involvement appears to be a late and possibly premorbid finding. This apparent early grey matter selectivity may be related to viral biology or ribavirin pharmacokinetics. Neuronal loss is evident at MRI, and the rate of progression of MRI abnormalities can predict the outcome of the infection. In both fatal cases, the serial changes in the MRI picture mirrored the clinical course. Conclusion: This is the first comprehensive report of serial MRI findings in acute human cerebral HeV infection from two outbreaks. The cortical selectivity appears to be an early finding while deep white matter involvement a late, and possibly premorbid, finding. In both fatal cases, the serial changes in MRI mirrored the clinical course.

Nakka, P.; Amos, G.J. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Qld 4102 (Australia); Saad, N., E-mail: nivena100@hotmail.com [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Qld 4102 (Australia); Jeavons, S. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Qld 4102 (Australia)

2012-05-15

85

Cerebral MRI Findings in Neonatal Tuberous Sclerosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a developmental neuroectodermal disorder, affecting multiple organ systems. Most patients are diagnosed at the age of five years or later. Only recently, mutation analysis of TS Complex genes has enabled us make an early or even an antenatal diagnosis of the disease. Early onset with infantile seizures is mainly an ominous sign for an unfavorable outcome."nMRI findings in older children and adults are well-known; however, only limited publications illustrate brain MRI findings in newborns. "nWe present a female neonate with a positive family history, categorized as "definite TS." On MRI of the brain, white matter lesions were depicted. MRI findings were correlated with published data on neonatal TS.

R.D. Langer; K. Neidl van Gorkom; P. Raupp

2008-01-01

86

Delayed-enhancement MRI of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: assessment of the intramural distribution and comparison with clinical symptoms, ventricular arrhythmias, and cine MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is reported to show patchy midwall myocardial hyper enhancement on delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI). The intramural distribution of myocardial hyper enhancement and its correlation with clinical symptoms, ventricular arrhythmias, and cardiac function have not been described for symptomatic apical HCM. Purpose: To evaluate the features and significance of myocardial hyper enhancement on DE-MRI in symptomatic apical HCM. Material and Methods: Thirteen patients with symptomatic apical HCM and their 65 apical segments were investigated. Myocardial hyper enhancement and regional and global functional parameters were determined with MRI. We investigated the intramural distribution and frequencies of this myocardial hyper enhancement and compared them with the patients' clinical symptoms, the presence of ventricular arrhythmias, and cine MRI. Results: Eight (61.5%) patients with symptomatic apical HCM displayed apical myocardial hyper enhancement, and 22 (33.8%) of the 65 apical segments examined showed myocardial hyper enhancement. Of the myocardial hyper enhancement observed, 81.8% showed a subendocardial pattern.The Hyperenhanced apical myocardium had a lower percentage of systolic myocardial thickening, and was associated with serious symptoms (e.g. syncope) and ventricular arrhythmias. Conclusion: Patients with symptomatic apical HCM showed myocardial hyper enhancement involving the subendocardial layer, which might be related to regional systolic dysfunction, serious clinical symptoms, and ventricular arrhythmias

Amano, Yasuo; Fukushima, Yoshimitsu; Kumita, Shinichiro (Dept. of Radiology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo (Japan)), email: yas-amano@nifty.com; Takayama, Morimasa (Dept. of Cardiology, Sakakibara Heart Inst., Tokyo (Japan)); Kitamura, Mitsunobu (Coronary Care Unit, Chiba-Hokuso Hospital of Nippon Medical School, Chiba (Japan))

2011-07-15

87

Fucosidosis: MRI and MRS findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fucosidosis is a rare, autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease in which fucose-containing glycolipids, glycoproteins, and oligosaccharides accumulate in tissues as a consequence of ?-l-fucosidase enzyme deficiency. We present the MR imaging findings of diffuse white-matter hyperintensity and pallidal curvilinear streak hyperintensity in a 6-year-old Caucasian girl with a diagnosis of fucosidosis based on cDNA isolated from skin fibroblasts. This report also includes the MRS findings of a decreased N-acetylaspartate/choline ratio together with an abnormal peak at 3.8 ppm which expand the knowledge of the neuroradiological spectrum of this rare disease. (orig.)

2007-01-01

88

Fucosidosis: MRI and MRS findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fucosidosis is a rare, autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease in which fucose-containing glycolipids, glycoproteins, and oligosaccharides accumulate in tissues as a consequence of {alpha}-l-fucosidase enzyme deficiency. We present the MR imaging findings of diffuse white-matter hyperintensity and pallidal curvilinear streak hyperintensity in a 6-year-old Caucasian girl with a diagnosis of fucosidosis based on cDNA isolated from skin fibroblasts. This report also includes the MRS findings of a decreased N-acetylaspartate/choline ratio together with an abnormal peak at 3.8 ppm which expand the knowledge of the neuroradiological spectrum of this rare disease. (orig.)

Oner, Ali Y.; Akpek, Sergin [Gazi University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey); Cansu, Ali; Serdaroglu, Ayse [Gazi University School of Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, Ankara (Turkey)

2007-10-15

89

MRI findings in the painful hemiplegic shoulder  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in painful hemiplegic shoulder (PHS) in hemiplegic post-stroke patients. Materials and methods: Patients with hemiplegia following their first cerebrovascular accident who were admitted to the Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation were studied. Forty-five patients with pain in the hemiplegic shoulder and 23 post-stroke patients without shoulder pain were investigated. MRI and radiographic findings of the hemiplegic and contralateral asymptomatic shoulders were evaluated. Results: Some MRI findings were more frequent in PHS group, including synovial capsule thickening, synovial capsule enhancement, and enhancement in the rotator cuff interval. Conclusions: Adhesive capsulitis was found to be a possible cause of PHS.

Tavora, D.G.F., E-mail: danielgurgel@sarah.b [Department of Radiology, Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation, Fortaleza (Brazil); Gama, R.L.; Bomfim, R.C. [Department of Radiology, Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation, Fortaleza (Brazil); Nakayama, M. [Department of Radiology, Federal University of Grande Dourados, Dourados (Brazil); Silva, C.E.P. [Department of Statistics, Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation, Fortaleza (Brazil)

2010-10-15

90

Atypical MRI findings in spondylitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] MR studies of 41 patients with confirmed spondylitis were evaluated with regard to imaging findings resembling metastases or fracture. 30 patients had MR results considered typical for spondylitis (contiguous changes in two vertebrae and disc, soft tissue tumour). 11 patients had MR studies differing from this pattern. Absence of soft tissue involvement and discontinuous marrow changes may be misdiagnosed as bone marrow metastases. (orig.)[de] Magnetresonanztomographische Untersuchungen von 41 Patienten mit gesicherter Spondylitis wurden hinsichtlich der Bildbefunde ausgewertet, die zu einer Verwechslung mit metastischen oder traumatischen Wirbelkoerperveraenderungen fuehren koennen. 30 Patienten zeigten typische Bildbefunde (kontinuierlicher Befall zweier Wirbelkoerper und des dazwischenliegenden Bandscheibenfaches, Weichteiltumor). Bei 11 Patienten war der Bildbefund untypisch. Insbesondere diskontinuierliche Markraumveraenderungen ohne Weichteiltumor koennen zur Fehldiagnose einer diffusen Metastasierung fuehren. (orig.)

1995-01-01

91

MRI findings in intramuscular lipomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective. To investigate the spectrum of magnetic resonance (MR) findings of intramuscular lipoma. Design and patients. A retrospective review of 17 consecutive cases of intramuscular lipoma examined with MR imaging was undertaken. Features assessed included the size and margin of the mass; the homogeneity of the contents, including the presence or absence of intermingled muscle fibers; whether the mass was uninodular or multinodular; and the presence of linear structures between and within the tumor nodules. Three well-differentiated liposarcomas and one dedifferentiated liposarcoma associated with lipoma-like components were also studied to allow a comparison of the benign and malignant lesions. Results. The diameter of the intramuscular lipomas varied from less than 3 cm to more than 10 cm. Ten of the intramuscular lipomas were homogeneous but the remaining seven were inhomogeneous with intermingled muscle fibers within the mass. The intramuscular lipomas were well defined in 12 cases, and infiltrative in five. In one case the margin of the lesion showed prominent infiltration of the surrounding muscle tissue. Of the 17 cases of intramuscular lipoma, 15 were composed of a single nodule, whereas three of four cases of liposarcoma were composed of multinodular masses. Conclusion. The MR findings of intramuscular lipoma varied from a small, single and homogeneous mass identical to ordinary (superficial) lipoma, to a large, inhomogeneous lesion with an infiltrative margin. The presence of infiltrative margins and intermingled muscle fibers in intramuscular lipoma indicates a benign lesion rather than malignancy. In addition, uninodularity of the mass is helpful in differentiating intramuscular lipoma from well-differentiated liposarcoma. (orig.)

1999-01-01

92

MRI findings in intramuscular lipomas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective. To investigate the spectrum of magnetic resonance (MR) findings of intramuscular lipoma. Design and patients. A retrospective review of 17 consecutive cases of intramuscular lipoma examined with MR imaging was undertaken. Features assessed included the size and margin of the mass; the homogeneity of the contents, including the presence or absence of intermingled muscle fibers; whether the mass was uninodular or multinodular; and the presence of linear structures between and within the tumor nodules. Three well-differentiated liposarcomas and one dedifferentiated liposarcoma associated with lipoma-like components were also studied to allow a comparison of the benign and malignant lesions. Results. The diameter of the intramuscular lipomas varied from less than 3 cm to more than 10 cm. Ten of the intramuscular lipomas were homogeneous but the remaining seven were inhomogeneous with intermingled muscle fibers within the mass. The intramuscular lipomas were well defined in 12 cases, and infiltrative in five. In one case the margin of the lesion showed prominent infiltration of the surrounding muscle tissue. Of the 17 cases of intramuscular lipoma, 15 were composed of a single nodule, whereas three of four cases of liposarcoma were composed of multinodular masses. Conclusion. The MR findings of intramuscular lipoma varied from a small, single and homogeneous mass identical to ordinary (superficial) lipoma, to a large, inhomogeneous lesion with an infiltrative margin. The presence of infiltrative margins and intermingled muscle fibers in intramuscular lipoma indicates a benign lesion rather than malignancy. In addition, uninodularity of the mass is helpful in differentiating intramuscular lipoma from well-differentiated liposarcoma. (orig.) With 8 figs., 2 tabs., 17 refs.

Matsumoto, K.; Hukuda, Sinsuke; Ishizawa, Michihito; Chano, Tokuhiro [Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu (Japan); Okabe, Hidetoshi [Division of Surgical Pathology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu (Japan)

1999-03-01

93

Analysis of intracranial CSF flow dynamics in phase-contrast cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to clarify the flow dynamics of intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), experimental and clinical studies were performed with MR imaging. In an experiment, to-and-fro flow and bulk flow were simultaneously generated as CFS flow movement in an aqueduct. Under these conditions, the flow velocities and patterns were quantitatively measured with both phase-contrast cine MR imaging and an electromagnetic flow meter. The measured values from MR imaging mached those of the electromagnetic flow meter. Clinically, CSF flow measurement with MR imaging revealed that the maximum CSF flow velocity and the peak interval in the aqueduct were greater in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus than in healthy volunteers. In conclusion, CSF flow analysis with MR imaging makes it possible to clarify noninvasively the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus and changes in the intracranial condition. (author)

1997-01-01

94

Symptomatic Chiari malformation in infancy and adolescence; Cine-MRI and clinical evaluation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Of the 7 children and adolescents with Chiari malformation reported here 5 had Chiari type 1 and 2 had Chiari type 2 disease. All 5 Chiari type 1 patients had syringomyelia and scoliosis, but the Chiari type 2 patients did not. All the patients except one with localized syringomyelia (case 3) underwent posterior decompression with suboccipital craniectomy, upper cervical laminectomy and duraplasty, and their clinical signs and symptoms improved. Case 3 received a syringo-subarachnoid shunt and improved clinically. Motor function was restored better than sensory function. Cranial nerve signs were cleared up in the Chiari type 2 patients. In the Chiari type 1 patients postoperative neurological improvement correlated well with the collapse of syringomyelia. Cine MR imaging was useful in the evaluation of CSF dynamics at the cranio-vertebral junction and in the syringomyelic cavity before and after surgery. (author).

Fukushima, Takeo; Matsuda, Toshihiro; Tsugu, Hitoshi; Sakamoto, Seisaburou; Tomonaga, Masamichi; Asakawa, Koji; Mitsudome, Akihisa (Fukuoka Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine); Hashimoto, Takahisa

1994-04-01

95

Assessment of left ventricular function with single breath-hold highly accelerated cine MRI combined with guide-point modeling  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To prospectively assess the performance of highly accelerated cine MRI in multi-orientations combined with a new guide-point modeling post-processing technique (GPM approach) for assessment of left ventricular (LV) function compared to the standard summation of slices method based on a stack of short axis views (SoS approach). Materials and methods: 33 consecutive patients were examined on a 1.5 T scanner with a standard steady state free precession (SSFP) sequence (TR, 3.0 ms; TE, 1.5 m; flip angle (FA), 60o; acceleration factor (AF), 2) analyzed with the SoS method and a highly accelerated, single breath-hold temporal parallel acquisition SSFP sequence (TR, 4.6 ms; TE, 1.1 ms; AF, 3) post-processed with the GPM method. LV function values were measured by two independent readers with different experience in cardiac MRI and compared by using the paired t-test and F-test. Inter- and intraobserver agreements were calculated using Bland-Altman-Plots. Results: Mean acquisition and post-processing time was significantly shorter with the GPM approach (15 s/3 min versus 360 s/6 min). For all LV function parameters interobserver agreement between the experienced and non-experienced reader was significantly improved when the GPM approach was used. However, end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were larger for the GPM technique when compared to the SoS method (P 0.121). In both readers and for all parameters variances did not differ significantly (P ? 0.409) and the two approaches showed an excellent linear correlation (r > 0.951). Conclusion: Due to its accurate, fast and reproducible assessment of LV function parameters highly accelerated MRI combined with the GPM technique may become the technique of first choice for assessment of LV function in clinical routine.

2010-01-01

96

Study on MRI findings in postresuscitation brains  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We evaluated chronological changes in T1/T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with global cerebral ischemia compared to computed tomography (CT) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to determine the advantages this presents in determining a patient's prognosis. We retrospectively studied MRI in 28 patients resuscitated after cardiopulmonary arrest. Patients were divided by outcome into 4 groups -- good outcome in 5, moderate disability in 2, vegetative in 17, and 4 brain-dead. Those with good recovery had normal CT and MRI findings. Those with moderate disability demonstrated high signal intensity in basal ganglia and posterior cerebral cortex during the chronic period. All vegetative patients had abnormal CT findings and their T2-weighted images during the acute period demonstrated high signal intensity in the cerebral cortex and basal ganglia; T1-weighted image during the chronic period showed similar findings, while diffusion-weighted images indicated high signal intensity in the cerebral cortex from the very acute period, during which abnormal findings were seen in the cortex, putamen, and thalamus more frequently than in T2-weighted images. Moreover, regional cerebral blood flow significantly decreased during the chronic period. All brain-dead patients had CT findings of diffuse cerebral edema and loss of density difference between gray and white matter. T2-weighted images respectively showed an extraordinary high density difference between gray and white matter and diffusion-weighted images high signal density in the whole brain. MRI detects chronologic changes in postresuscitation brain damage better than CT findings. Diffusion-weighted images identify hypoxic-ischemic lesions during the very acute period. MRI thus appears useful in evaluating patient prognosis and care. (author)

2001-01-01

97

Study on MRI findings in postresuscitation brains  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We evaluated chronological changes in T1/T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with global cerebral ischemia compared to computed tomography (CT) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to determine the advantages this presents in determining a patient's prognosis. We retrospectively studied MRI in 28 patients resuscitated after cardiopulmonary arrest. Patients were divided by outcome into 4 groups -- good outcome in 5, moderate disability in 2, vegetative in 17, and 4 brain-dead. Those with good recovery had normal CT and MRI findings. Those with moderate disability demonstrated high signal intensity in basal ganglia and posterior cerebral cortex during the chronic period. All vegetative patients had abnormal CT findings and their T2-weighted images during the acute period demonstrated high signal intensity in the cerebral cortex and basal ganglia; T1-weighted image during the chronic period showed similar findings, while diffusion-weighted images indicated high signal intensity in the cerebral cortex from the very acute period, during which abnormal findings were seen in the cortex, putamen, and thalamus more frequently than in T2-weighted images. Moreover, regional cerebral blood flow significantly decreased during the chronic period. All brain-dead patients had CT findings of diffuse cerebral edema and loss of density difference between gray and white matter. T2-weighted images respectively showed an extraordinary high density difference between gray and white matter and diffusion-weighted images high signal density in the whole brain. MRI detects chronologic changes in postresuscitation brain damage better than CT findings. Diffusion-weighted images identify hypoxic-ischemic lesions during the very acute period. MRI thus appears useful in evaluating patient prognosis and care. (author)

Kumada, Keisuke; Fukuda, Atsuhiro; Yamane, Kunikazu; Okumura, Tetsu; Aoki, Mitsuhiro; Ogino, Ryukou; Kohama, Akitsugu [Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Okayama (Japan)

2001-04-01

98

MRI findings of cortical laminar necrosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] To evaluate the characteristic sequential MRI findings of cortical laminar necrosis we retrospectively reviewed the MRI findings of 11 patients with clinical signs of hypoxic brain damage who showed findings of cortical laminar necrosis with definite time of onset. Three were men and eight were women;they were aged between 27 and 74 (mean 59.3)years. All patients underwent imaging with a 1.0-T Magnetom Impact(Siemens);follow-up MR examinations were performed in five. The watershed zones in the parietoocipital, frontoparietal and temporoparietal cortex were involved in eight cases, whereas the other areas involved were the frontal lobe in two cases and the temporal lobe in one. In one case, MRI obtained two days later showed brain swelling demonstrating obliteration of cortical sulci and high signal intensity of subcortical white matter on T2WI. In five cases, MRI obtained between two and three weeks later showed gyriform high signal intensity along the cortex on T1WI, cortical high and subcortical low signal intensities on T2WI in four cases, and gyriform enhancement on gadolinium-enhanced scans in three cases. MRI obtained between three and four weeks later in three cases showed subcortical high signal intensity on T2WI in two cases and gyriform cortical high signal intensities on T1WI and gyral enhancement in all cases. MRI obtained after 50 days in four cases including two of follow-up MR, showed cortical gyriform high signal intensity on T1WI in all cases and subcortical high signal intensity on T2WI and mild gyriform enhancement on gadolinium-enhanced scans in three cases. In two follow-up studies, the lesions had become more discrete and larger. Cortical laminar necrosis due to hypoxic brain damage shows relatively characteristic MR findings according to the stage. Therefore, MR imaging seems to be useful diagnostic tool for the evaluation of cortical laminar necrosis due to hypoxic brain damage

1996-01-01

99

MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the CT and MRI findings of neurosyphilis. We retrospectively reviewed the CT and MR imaging findings in five patients with intracranial neurosyphilis confirmed by CSF, VDRL, TPHA, and clinical follow-up. MR imaging was performed in all five cases, and CT in two. The MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis included infarction (n=3), focal inflammation (n=1) and encephalopathy (n=1). There was a total of ten infaretions : three of the basal ganglia, two each of the frontal lobe, watershed zone, and cerebellum, and one of the occipital lobe. Intaretion was most common in MCA territory (n=9; 50%), followed by the watershed zone (16.6%), posterior cerebral artery territory (16.6%), and posterior inferior cerebellar artery territory (11.1%). The size of the lesion varied from 1cm to larger than one lobe. One patient showed diffuse high signal intensity in the left temporal lobe, but on follow-up MRI, this had resolved. The most common finding of neurosyphilis, as seen on MRI and CT, was infarction in middle cerebral arterial territory.

1999-01-01

100

MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the CT and MRI findings of neurosyphilis. We retrospectively reviewed the CT and MR imaging findings in five patients with intracranial neurosyphilis confirmed by CSF, VDRL, TPHA, and clinical follow-up. MR imaging was performed in all five cases, and CT in two. The MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis included infarction (n=3), focal inflammation (n=1) and encephalopathy (n=1). There was a total of ten infaretions : three of the basal ganglia, two each of the frontal lobe, watershed zone, and cerebellum, and one of the occipital lobe. Intaretion was most common in MCA territory (n=9; 50%), followed by the watershed zone (16.6%), posterior cerebral artery territory (16.6%), and posterior inferior cerebellar artery territory (11.1%). The size of the lesion varied from 1cm to larger than one lobe. One patient showed diffuse high signal intensity in the left temporal lobe, but on follow-up MRI, this had resolved. The most common finding of neurosyphilis, as seen on MRI and CT, was infarction in middle cerebral arterial territory.

Suh, Hong Kil; Shim, Ya Seong; Kim, Seon Bok; Kim, Uk Jung; Lee, Shin Ho; Jung, Hae Kyuong; Lee, Eil Seong; Kang, Ik Won [Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Hyeun Cha [Sungkyunkwan University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-02-01

 
 
 
 
101

Lead arthropathy: radiographic, CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lead arthropathy is a well-known complication of gunshot injuries with retained intra-articular bullets. Although several previous reports have discussed the radiological findings of this entity, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings have never been described before in this setting. In this paper the authors review the imaging findings of 11 patients with lead arthropathy (1 of whom had clinical signs of lead poisoning as well), all of them studied by means of radiographs. In addition, non-enhanced CT scans were obtained in 3 patients and gadolinium-enhanced MRI in 1. Classic findings of intra-articular speckled lead deposits (occasionally with a ''lead arthrogram'' appearance), joint space narrowing and preserved bone density were found at radiographs in the great majority of cases. Furthermore, extension of intra-articular lead to adjacent tendon sheaths was observed in almost half of the patients, an observation rarely reported in the literature. CT scans and MRI, in their turn, were superior with regard to soft tissue abnormalities, accurately depicting joint effusion and the thickened synovium with lead particles embedded in it. Post-gadolinium MRI had the advantage of showing the enhancement pattern of the inflamed synovium and associated bone marrow edema pattern. Although it is not possible to establish the role of axial imaging in lead arthropathy from the small number of cases studied, this initial experience shows that both methods hold promise in this setting and may be useful, at least in selected cases. (orig.)

2007-01-01

102

MRI findings of treated bacterial septic arthritis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to report the MRI findings that can be encountered in successfully treated bacterial septic arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 12 patients (8 male and 4 female; mean age 38 years, range 9-85) with 13 proven cases of bacterial septic arthritis. The joints involved were hip (n?=?3), knee (n?=?3), shoulder (n?=?2), sacroiliac (n?=?2), ankle (n?=?1), wrist (n?=?1), and elbow (n?=?1). MRI examinations following surgical debridement and at initiation of antibiotic therapy and after successful treatment were compared for changes in effusion, synovium, bone, and periarticular soft tissues. Imaging findings were correlated with microbiological and clinical findings. RESULTS: Joint effusions were present in all joints at baseline and regressed significantly at follow-up MRI (p?=?0.001). Abscesses were present in 5 cases (38 %), and their sizes decreased significantly at follow-up (p?=?0.001). Synovial enhancement and thickening were observed in all joints at both baseline and follow-up MRI. Myositis/cellulitis was present in 10 cases (77 %) at baseline and in 8 cases (62 %) at follow-up MRI. Bone marrow edema was present in 10 joints (77 %) at baseline and persisted in 8 joints (62 %). Bone erosions were found in 8 joints (62 %) and persisted at follow-up MRI in all cases. CONCLUSION: The sizes of joint effusions and abscesses appear to be the factors with the most potential for monitoring therapy for septic arthritis, since both decreased significantly following successful treatment. Synovial thickening and enhancement, periarticular myositis/cellulitis, and bone marrow edema can persist even after resolution of the infection.

Bierry G; Huang AJ; Chang CY; Torriani M; Bredella MA

2012-12-01

103

MRI findings of treated bacterial septic arthritis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to report the MRI findings that can be encountered in successfully treated bacterial septic arthritis. The study included 12 patients (8 male and 4 female; mean age 38 years, range 9-85) with 13 proven cases of bacterial septic arthritis. The joints involved were hip (n = 3), knee (n = 3), shoulder (n = 2), sacroiliac (n = 2), ankle (n = 1), wrist (n = 1), and elbow (n = 1). MRI examinations following surgical debridement and at initiation of antibiotic therapy and after successful treatment were compared for changes in effusion, synovium, bone, and periarticular soft tissues. Imaging findings were correlated with microbiological and clinical findings. Joint effusions were present in all joints at baseline and regressed significantly at follow-up MRI (p = 0.001). Abscesses were present in 5 cases (38 %), and their sizes decreased significantly at follow-up (p = 0.001). Synovial enhancement and thickening were observed in all joints at both baseline and follow-up MRI. Myositis/cellulitis was present in 10 cases (77 %) at baseline and in 8 cases (62 %) at follow-up MRI. Bone marrow edema was present in 10 joints (77 %) at baseline and persisted in 8 joints (62 %). Bone erosions were found in 8 joints (62 %) and persisted at follow-up MRI in all cases. The sizes of joint effusions and abscesses appear to be the factors with the most potential for monitoring therapy for septic arthritis, since both decreased significantly following successful treatment. Synovial thickening and enhancement, periarticular myositis/cellulitis, and bone marrow edema can persist even after resolution of the infection. (orig.)

Bierry, Guillaume; Huang, Ambrose J.; Chang, Connie Y.; Torriani, Martin; Bredella, Miriam A. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

2012-12-15

104

Isodense subdural haematomas on CT: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] MRI findings are described in two patients with subdural haematomas isodense on CT. In one patient, admitted 6 weeks after trauma, a chronic subdural haematoma showed extreme hypointensity on T2-weighted images, suggesting acute trauma, and therefore acute rebleeding. In the second patient with severe anaemia, an acute subdural haematoma was hyperintense on T2-weighted images, suggesting chronic trauma; this may be explained by the low haematocrit and a possible mixture of blood with cerebrospinal fluid. The MRI features of subdural haematomas and hygromas have to be kept in mind, in order not to misjudge the age of the haematoma. (orig.)

1992-01-01

105

Isodense subdural haematomas on CT: MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

MRI findings are described in two patients with subdural haematomas isodense on CT. In one patient, admitted 6 weeks after trauma, a chronic subdural haematoma showed extreme hypointensity on T2-weighted images, suggesting acute trauma, and therefore acute rebleeding. In the second patient with severe anaemia, an acute subdural haematoma was hyperintense on T2-weighted images, suggesting chronic trauma; this may be explained by the low haematocrit and a possible mixture of blood with cerebrospinal fluid. The MRI features of subdural haematomas and hygromas have to be kept in mind, in order not to misjudge the age of the haematoma. (orig.).

Wilms, G.; Marchal, G.; Geusens, E.; Raaijmakers, C. (Univ. Hospitals K.U. Leuven (Belgium). Dept. of Radiology); Calenbergh, F. van; Goffin, J.; Plets, C. (Univ. Hospitals K.U. Leuven (Belgium). Dept. of Neurosurgery)

1992-11-01

106

Percent wall thickness evaluated by Gd-DTPA enhanced cine MRI as an indicator of local parietal movement in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a cardiac disease, the basic pathology of which consists of a decrease in left ventricular dilation compliance due to uneven hypertrophy of the left ventricular wall. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful in monitoring uneven parietal hypertrophy and kinetics in HCM patients. The present study was undertaken in 47 HCM patients who showed asymmetrical septal hypertrophy to determine if percent thickness can be an indicator of left ventricular local movement using cine MRI. Longest and shortest axis images were acquired by the ECG synchronization method using a 1.5 T MR imager. Cardiac function was analyzed based on longest axis cine images, and telediastolic and telesystolic parietal thickness were measured based on shorter axis cine images at the papillary muscle level. Parietal movement index and percent thickness were used as indicators of local parietal movement. The correlation between these indicators and parietal thickness was evaluated. The percent thickness changed at an earlier stage of hypertrophy than the parietal movement index, thus it is thought to be useful in detecting left ventricular parietal movement disorders at an early stage of HCM. (author)

1998-01-01

107

Traumatic hip dislocation: early MRI findings  

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Objective of this study was to present the spectrum of early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings following traumatic dislocation of the femoral head, and to identify any associated injuries. Prospective MRI of both hips was performed on 18 patients within 5 weeks of a traumatic femoral head dislocation. The interval between the time of injury and the imaging studies ranged from 2 to 35 days. Posterior dislocation was present in 14 patients and anterior dislocation in 4 patients. In the majority of cases, we performed axial T1, coronal T1, and coronal T2{sup *} (MPGR) sequences. MRI can effectively identify and quantify the muscle injury and joint effusion that invariably accompany traumatic hip dislocations. It is also useful for demonstrating trabecular bone contusion (trabecular injury) and iliofemoral ligament injury, which occur commonly with acute hip dislocation. (orig./VHE)

Laorr, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States); Greenspan, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States)]|[Dept. of Orthopaedics, Univ. of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States); Anderson, M.W. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States); Moehring, H.D. [Dept. of Orthopaedics, Univ. of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States); McKinley, T. [Dept. of Orthopaedics, Univ. of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA (United States)

1995-05-01

108

Traumatic hip dislocation: early MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Objective of this study was to present the spectrum of early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings following traumatic dislocation of the femoral head, and to identify any associated injuries. Prospective MRI of both hips was performed on 18 patients within 5 weeks of a traumatic femoral head dislocation. The interval between the time of injury and the imaging studies ranged from 2 to 35 days. Posterior dislocation was present in 14 patients and anterior dislocation in 4 patients. In the majority of cases, we performed axial T1, coronal T1, and coronal T2* (MPGR) sequences. MRI can effectively identify and quantify the muscle injury and joint effusion that invariably accompany traumatic hip dislocations. It is also useful for demonstrating trabecular bone contusion (trabecular injury) and iliofemoral ligament injury, which occur commonly with acute hip dislocation. (orig./VHE)

1995-01-01

109

MRI findings of achilles tendon rupture  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Objective: To evaluate the MRI findings of achilles tendon rupture. Methods: The MRI data of 7 patients with achilles tendon rupture were retrospectively analysed. All 7 patients were male with the age ranging from 34 to 71 years. Routine MR scanning was performed in axial and sagittal planes, including T1WI, T2WI and a fat suppression MRI (SPIR). Results: Among 7 patients, complete achilles tendon rupture was seen in 6 cases, partial achilles tendon rupture 1 case. The site of tendon disruption were 2.6-11.0 cm( mean 5.4 cm) proximal to the insertion in the calcaneus. The MRI findings of a partial or complete rupture of the achilles tendon included enlarged and thickened achilles tendon (7 cases), wavy lax achilles tendon (2 cases), discontinuity of some or all of its fibers and intratendinous regions of increased signal intensity (7 cases). In the cases of complete tendon rupture, the size of the tendinous gap varied from 3.0-8.0 mm, which was filled with blood and appeared as edema of increase signal intensity on T2WI and SPIR. In all 7 patients, MR scanning showed medium signal intensity (7 cases) on T1WI, or medium signal intensity (1 cases), medium-high signal intensity (3 cases ), high signal intensity (3 cases) on T2WI, and medium-high signal intensity (2 cases), high signal intensity (5 cases) on fat suppression MRI. The preachilles fat pad showed obscure in 6 cases of complete achilles tendon rupture. Conclusion: MRI is an excellent method for revealing achilles tendon rupture and confirming the diagnosis. (authors)

2009-01-01

110

Characterization of pancreatic tumor motion using cine MRI: surrogates for tumor position should be used with caution.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Our current understanding of intrafraction pancreatic tumor motion due to respiration is limited. In this study, we characterized pancreatic tumor motion and evaluated the application of several radiotherapy motion management strategies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventeen patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer were enrolled in a prospective internal review board-approved study and imaged during shallow free-breathing using cine MRI on a 3T scanner. Tumor borders were agreed on by a radiation oncologist and an abdominal MRI radiologist. Tumor motion and correlation with the potential surrogates of the diaphragm and abdominal wall were assessed. These data were also used to evaluate planning target volume margin construction, respiratory gating, and four-dimensional treatment planning for pancreatic tumors. RESULTS: Tumor borders moved much more than expected. To provide 99% geometric coverage, margins of 20 mm inferiorly, 10 mm anteriorly, 7 mm superiorly, and 4 mm posteriorly are required. Tumor position correlated poorly with diaphragm and abdominal wall position, with patient-level Pearson correlation coefficients of -0.18-0.43. Sensitivity and specificity of gating with these surrogates was also poor, at 53%-68%, with overall error of 35%-38%, suggesting that the tumor may be underdosed and normal tissues overdosed. CONCLUSIONS: Motion of pancreatic tumor borders is highly variable between patients and larger than expected. There is substantial deformation with breathing, and tumor border position does not correlate well with abdominal wall or diaphragmatic position. Current motion management strategies may not account fully for tumor motion and should be used with caution.

Feng M; Balter JM; Normolle D; Adusumilli S; Cao Y; Chenevert TL; Ben-Josef E

2009-07-01

111

Characterization of Pancreatic Tumor Motion Using Cine MRI: Surrogates for Tumor Position Should Be Used With Caution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Our current understanding of intrafraction pancreatic tumor motion due to respiration is limited. In this study, we characterized pancreatic tumor motion and evaluated the application of several radiotherapy motion management strategies. Methods and Materials: Seventeen patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer were enrolled in a prospective internal review board-approved study and imaged during shallow free-breathing using cine MRI on a 3T scanner. Tumor borders were agreed on by a radiation oncologist and an abdominal MRI radiologist. Tumor motion and correlation with the potential surrogates of the diaphragm and abdominal wall were assessed. These data were also used to evaluate planning target volume margin construction, respiratory gating, and four-dimensional treatment planning for pancreatic tumors. Results: Tumor borders moved much more than expected. To provide 99% geometric coverage, margins of 20 mm inferiorly, 10 mm anteriorly, 7 mm superiorly, and 4 mm posteriorly are required. Tumor position correlated poorly with diaphragm and abdominal wall position, with patient-level Pearson correlation coefficients of -0.18-0.43. Sensitivity and specificity of gating with these surrogates was also poor, at 53%-68%, with overall error of 35%-38%, suggesting that the tumor may be underdosed and normal tissues overdosed. Conclusions: Motion of pancreatic tumor borders is highly variable between patients and larger than expected. There is substantial deformation with breathing, and tumor border position does not correlate well with abdominal wall or diaphragmatic position. Current motion management strategies may not account fully for tumor motion and should be used with caution.

2009-07-01

112

Characterization of Pancreatic Tumor Motion Using Cine- MRI: Surrogates for Tumor Position Should be Used with Caution  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose/Objective Our current understanding of intra-fraction pancreatic tumor motion due to respiration is quite limited. In this study, we characterized pancreatic tumor motion and evaluated the application of several radiotherapy motion management strategies. Materials/Methods 17 patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer were enrolled in a prospective IRB-approved study and imaged during shallow free-breathing using cine MRI on a 3T scanner. Tumors borders were agreed upon by a radiation oncologist and an abdominal MRI radiologist. Tumor motion and correlation with the potential surrogates of the diaphragm and abdominal wall were assessed. This data was also used to evaluate PTV margin construction, respiratory gating, and 4-dimensional treatment planning for pancreatic tumors. Results Tumor borders moved much more than expected. To provide 99% geometric coverage, margins of 20mm inferiorly, 10mm anteriorly, 7 mm superiorly, and 4 mm posteriorly are required. Tumor position correlated poorly with diaphragm and abdominal wall position, with patient-level Pearson correlation coefficients of ?0.18 to 0.43. Sensitivity and specificity of gating with these surrogates was also poor, at 53–68%, with overall error of 35–38%, suggesting that the tumor may be underdosed and normal tissues overdosed. Conclusions Motion of pancreatic tumor borders is highly variable between patients and larger than expected. There is substantial deformation with breathing, and tumor border position does not correlate well with abdominal wall or diaphragmatic position. Current motion management strategies may not account fully for tumor motion and should be used with caution.

Feng, Mary; Balter, James M.; Normolle, Daniel; Adusumilli, Saroja; Cao, Yue; Chenevert, Thomas L.; Ben-Josef, Edgar

2009-01-01

113

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to report the CT and MRI appearances of primary and metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The clinical and imaging findings of 31 patients with histological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of GIST were reviewed. The CT and MRI findings were assessed independently for size, location, enhancement characteristics, and pattern of metastatic disease. The tumors were of enteric (n=13), gastric (n=12), duodenal (n=2), and rectal (n=3) origin. In one case the primary site was the mesentery, without involvement of bowel. Primary tumors were typically exophytic (79%), larger than 5 cm (84%), and inhomogeneously enhancing (84%). Central necrosis of all tumors (37%) and aneurysmal dilation of enteric tumors (33%) were less common. Metastases were most commonly to mesentery (26%) or liver (32%). Less common findings were ascites (7%) and omental caking (3%). Liver metastases were hypervascular in 92% of patients and rapidly became cystic following therapy with imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; Novartis, East Hanover, NJ, USA). Lung metastases, bowel obstruction, vascular invasion, and significant lymphadenopathy were not seen in any patient. GISTs have some specific CT findings which could help differentiate them from other gastrointestinal tumors. Liver metastases became cystic following therapy, mimicking simple cysts. MRI was better than single-phase CT for assessing liver metastases, while CT was more sensitive for mesenteric metastases. (orig.)

2005-01-01

114

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this study was to report the CT and MRI appearances of primary and metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The clinical and imaging findings of 31 patients with histological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of GIST were reviewed. The CT and MRI findings were assessed independently for size, location, enhancement characteristics, and pattern of metastatic disease. The tumors were of enteric (n=13), gastric (n=12), duodenal (n=2), and rectal (n=3) origin. In one case the primary site was the mesentery, without involvement of bowel. Primary tumors were typically exophytic (79%), larger than 5 cm (84%), and inhomogeneously enhancing (84%). Central necrosis of all tumors (37%) and aneurysmal dilation of enteric tumors (33%) were less common. Metastases were most commonly to mesentery (26%) or liver (32%). Less common findings were ascites (7%) and omental caking (3%). Liver metastases were hypervascular in 92% of patients and rapidly became cystic following therapy with imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; Novartis, East Hanover, NJ, USA). Lung metastases, bowel obstruction, vascular invasion, and significant lymphadenopathy were not seen in any patient. GISTs have some specific CT findings which could help differentiate them from other gastrointestinal tumors. Liver metastases became cystic following therapy, mimicking simple cysts. MRI was better than single-phase CT for assessing liver metastases, while CT was more sensitive for mesenteric metastases. (orig.)

Sandrasegaran, Kumaresan; Rydberg, Jonas; Akisik, Fatih M. [Indiana University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Rajesh, Arumugam [United Leicester Hospitals, Department of Radiology, Leicester (United Kingdom); Rushing, Daniel A. [Indiana University Medical Center, Department of Oncology, Indianapolis, Indiana (United States); Henley, John D. [Indiana University Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Indianapolis, Indiana (United States)

2005-07-01

115

MRI findings on de Quervain's disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] De Quervain's disease is a stenosing tenosynovitis affecting the first extensor compartment of the wrist. Conservative treatment including steroid injection is primarily indicated and satisfactory result can be obtained in most cases. However, it often fails in cases where fibrocartilagenous septum exists within the first compartment. Surgical release of the compartment and resection of the septum is recommended for these instances. The incidence of the septum in the compartment is reported to be about 30 to 40 per cent in normal population, though over 90 per cent in operative cases. In this study, MRI was employed to evaluate the anatomical variation in the first extensor compartment of the wrist in de Quervain's disease. There were 13 hands in 5 men and 10 women. Their average age was 49.5 years old (19 to 76 y.o.). Axial T1 weighted MR images around the radial styloid process were obtained. Eight hands which resisted conservative treatment were operated on and first compartment was directly inspected. The other 5 were well treated with one or two steroid injection. In all operative cases, MRI revealed that the EPB tendon exists apart from the APL tendon surrounded with thick high intensity area. That finding correspond to the operative findings. That were fibrocartilagenous septum dividing the first compartment and dense synovium around the EPB tendon. On the other hands, in 5 hands which responded to steroid injection, EPB was identified only in 2 on MRI and could not be distinguished from APL in the other 3. Consequently, MRI provides useful information to make a strategy for treating de Quervain's disease. In cases whose MRI show that EPB and APL are accommodated in one common canal non-surgical treatment should be continued while in the cases of separate EPB tunnel with surrounding proliferating synovium early operation might be considered. (author)

1996-01-01

116

CT and MRI findings of olfactory neuroblastoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Objective: To summary the CT and MRI imaging findings of olfactory neuroblastoma. Methods: Sixteen cases of olfactory neuroblastoma proved by surgery and pathology were collected. The radiological findings of CT and MRI were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Three lesions were postoperative recurrence. Three lesions located in the nose, the other 13 were located the middle-back part of the nose, infiltrating the sinuses such as maxillary and ethmoid sinus. Five lesions eroded the skull base and infiltrated into the brain. Another 5 lesions infiltrated the orbit. Calcification and ossification were present in 3 cases. The density or signal intensity of the masses was heterogeneous with marked enhancement after contrast administration. Conclusion: Olfactory neuroblastoma often located in the middle-back of the nose, with malignant signs of infiltrating the sinuses, orbit, and brain, and with obvious enhancement. (authors)

2005-01-01

117

Brain MRI findings of neuropsychiatric lupus  

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To evaluate the brain MRI findings in patients with neuropsychiatric lupus. In 26 patients (M:F = 2:24 ; aged 9-48 years) in whom the presence of systemic lupus erythematosus was clinically or pathologically proven and in whom neuropsychiatric lupus was also clinically diagnosed, the findings of brain MRI were retrospectively evaluated. MR images were analyzed with regard to the distribution, location, size and number of lesions due to cerebral ischemia or infarction, the presence of cerebral atrophy, and the extent and degree of brain parenchymal and intravascular enhancement. The most common MRI findings were lesions due to cerebral ischemia or infarction occurring in 18 patients (69%), and located within deep periventricular white matter (n=10), subcortical white matter (n=8), the cerebral cortex (n=7), basal ganglia (n=7), or brain stem or cerebellum (n=2). The lesions were single (n=3) or multiple (n=15), and in 17 patients were less than 1cm in diameter in regions other than the cerebral cortex. In six of these patients, lesions of 1-4cm in diameter in this region were combined, and one occurred in the cerebral cortex only. Cerebral atrophy was seen in 16 patients (62%), in ten of whom there was no past history of treatment with steroids for more than six months. In 15 patients (58%), contrast-enhanced MR image revealed diffuse enhancement of the basal ganglia or intravascular enhancement. In no case were MRI findings normal. The primary mainfestations of neuropsychiatric lupus are multifocal ischemia or infarctions in the cerebral cortex, and subcortical and deep white matter, and the cerebral atrophy. Contrast-enhanced MR images also demonstrated diffuse enhancement of the basal ganglia and intravascular enhancement, both thought to be related to the congestion due to the stagnation of cerebral blood flow.

Kim, Jang-Wook; Kwon, Bae Ju; Lee, Seung-Ro; Hahm, Chang-Kok; Moon, Won Jin; Jeon, Eui Yong; Bae, Sang-Chul [Hanyang Univ. School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2000-12-01

118

Brain MRI findings of neuropsychiatric lupus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] To evaluate the brain MRI findings in patients with neuropsychiatric lupus. In 26 patients (M:F = 2:24 ; aged 9-48 years) in whom the presence of systemic lupus erythematosus was clinically or pathologically proven and in whom neuropsychiatric lupus was also clinically diagnosed, the findings of brain MRI were retrospectively evaluated. MR images were analyzed with regard to the distribution, location, size and number of lesions due to cerebral ischemia or infarction, the presence of cerebral atrophy, and the extent and degree of brain parenchymal and intravascular enhancement. The most common MRI findings were lesions due to cerebral ischemia or infarction occurring in 18 patients (69%), and located within deep periventricular white matter (n=10), subcortical white matter (n=8), the cerebral cortex (n=7), basal ganglia (n=7), or brain stem or cerebellum (n=2). The lesions were single (n=3) or multiple (n=15), and in 17 patients were less than 1cm in diameter in regions other than the cerebral cortex. In six of these patients, lesions of 1-4cm in diameter in this region were combined, and one occurred in the cerebral cortex only. Cerebral atrophy was seen in 16 patients (62%), in ten of whom there was no past history of treatment with steroids for more than six months. In 15 patients (58%), contrast-enhanced MR image revealed diffuse enhancement of the basal ganglia or intravascular enhancement. In no case were MRI findings normal. The primary mainfestations of neuropsychiatric lupus are multifocal ischemia or infarctions in the cerebral cortex, and subcortical and deep white matter, and the cerebral atrophy. Contrast-enhanced MR images also demonstrated diffuse enhancement of the basal ganglia and intravascular enhancement, both thought to be related to the congestion due to the stagnation of cerebral blood flow

2000-01-01

119

Lead arthropathy: radiographic, CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lead arthropathy is a well-known complication of gunshot injuries with retained intra-articular bullets. Although several previous reports have discussed the radiological findings of this entity, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings have never been described before in this setting. In this paper the authors review the imaging findings of 11 patients with lead arthropathy (1 of whom had clinical signs of lead poisoning as well), all of them studied by means of radiographs. In addition, non-enhanced CT scans were obtained in 3 patients and gadolinium-enhanced MRI in 1. Classic findings of intra-articular speckled lead deposits (occasionally with a ''lead arthrogram'' appearance), joint space narrowing and preserved bone density were found at radiographs in the great majority of cases. Furthermore, extension of intra-articular lead to adjacent tendon sheaths was observed in almost half of the patients, an observation rarely reported in the literature. CT scans and MRI, in their turn, were superior with regard to soft tissue abnormalities, accurately depicting joint effusion and the thickened synovium with lead particles embedded in it. Post-gadolinium MRI had the advantage of showing the enhancement pattern of the inflamed synovium and associated bone marrow edema pattern. Although it is not possible to establish the role of axial imaging in lead arthropathy from the small number of cases studied, this initial experience shows that both methods hold promise in this setting and may be useful, at least in selected cases. (orig.)

Fernandes, Joao Luiz [Image Memorial, Magnetic Resonance Department, Salvador-BA (Brazil); Lopes Rocha, Arthemizio Antonio [Hospital das Clinicas de Brasilia, Diagnostik, Brasilia - DF (Brazil); Veloso Ayrimoraes Soares, Mayra [Hospital Universitario de Brasilia (UnB), Radiology Department, Brasilia - DF (Brazil); Lopes Viana, Sergio [Hospital das Clinicas de Brasilia, Diagnostik, Brasilia - DF (Brazil); Clinica Radiologica Vila Rica, Magnetic Resonance Department, Brasilia - DF (Brazil)

2007-07-15

120

Postoperative MRI findings after cholesteatoma surgery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was designed to show MRI findings of postoperative middle ear pathologies and to discuss the usefulness of Gadolinium-enhanced MRI in evaluating the postoperative state of cholesteatoma. Thirty-eight ears which underwent intact canal wall tympanoplasty for cholesteatoma were examined. Recurrent cholesteatoma was detected as an iso-intensity area on T1-weighted images with negative enhancement. Notably, residual cholesteatoma were generally depicted as a round iso-intensity area with negative enhancement. Residual cholesteatoma less than 5 mm in diameter were, however, not generally detectable with our MRI scanner. Granulation tissue can be separated from cholesteatoma as an area with positive enhancement. Cholesterol granuloma shows a characteristic high signal pattern on both T1 and T2-weighted images. Hypovascular fibrous tissue and fluid collection may be depicted as a pattern similar to that of cholesteatoma. However, the signal is usually more homogeneous than that of cholesteatoma. We conclude that Gadolinium-enhanced MRI is useful for detecting postoperative cholesteatoma and avoiding unnecessary second-look operations after cholesteatoma surgery, by the canal-up procedure. (author).

1995-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Ectopic pregnancy: MRI findings and clinical utility.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To assess the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with clinically suspected ectopic pregnancy (EP). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed MRIs of 26 consecutive patients who were clinically suspected of having an EP. The diagnostic utility of MRI features of EP was analyzed retrospectively as follows: (1) Direct sign detection of ectopic gestational sac (GS); (2) Indirect signs tubal dilatation with hemosalpinx, adnexal hematoma, and hemorrhagic ascites. The diagnostic accuracy of each sign and their combination was compared to surgical records. The MRI findings of an ectopic GS were reviewed as follows: size, shape, signal intensity, and enhancement pattern. RESULTS: Of 26 patients, 24 had a tubal pregnancy; 22 of these 24 patients (92%) had a direct sign (sensitivity: 91.3%; specificity: 100%; positive predictive value: 100%). The diagnostic accuracy of the direct sign was 92%; this was more accurate than that of any single indirect sign (39%, 54%, and 50%, respectively). However, the diagnostic accuracy of EP increased to 100% when diagnostic criteria required the presence of a direct sign or at least two indirect signs. CONCLUSIONS: MRI is an effective modality for diagnosing EP with a high detection rate of extrauterine GSs. The combination of direct and indirect signs is useful for establishing the correct diagnosis.

Takahashi A; Takahama J; Marugami N; Takewa M; Itoh T; Kitano S; Kichikawa K

2013-08-01

122

MRI findings in a dog with kernicterus.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A severe increase in total bilirubin coincided with a decline in neurologic status to comatose in a 9 yr old spayed female mixed-breed dog being treated for immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. MRI of the brain was performed to investigate potential causes for the neurologic signs. MRI revealed bilaterally symmetrical hyperintensities within the caudate nuclei, globus pallidus, thalamus, deep cerebellar nuclei, and cortical gray matter on T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences, which coincided with areas of bilirubin deposition and neuronal necrosis (kernicterus) identified on necropsy examination. This is the second case report of an adult dog exhibiting kernicterus, and the first report to document MRI findings associated with that condition. Kernicterus is an uncommonly reported complication of hyperbilirubinemia in dogs, but is potentially underreported due to difficulties in recognizing subtle lesions and distinguishing kernicterus from other potential causes of neurologic abnormalities with readily available antemortem tests. MRI may be helpful in supporting the diagnosis of kernicterus.

Belz KM; Specht AJ; Johnson VS; Conway JA

2013-07-01

123

MRI findings in a dog with kernicterus.  

Science.gov (United States)

A severe increase in total bilirubin coincided with a decline in neurologic status to comatose in a 9 yr old spayed female mixed-breed dog being treated for immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. MRI of the brain was performed to investigate potential causes for the neurologic signs. MRI revealed bilaterally symmetrical hyperintensities within the caudate nuclei, globus pallidus, thalamus, deep cerebellar nuclei, and cortical gray matter on T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences, which coincided with areas of bilirubin deposition and neuronal necrosis (kernicterus) identified on necropsy examination. This is the second case report of an adult dog exhibiting kernicterus, and the first report to document MRI findings associated with that condition. Kernicterus is an uncommonly reported complication of hyperbilirubinemia in dogs, but is potentially underreported due to difficulties in recognizing subtle lesions and distinguishing kernicterus from other potential causes of neurologic abnormalities with readily available antemortem tests. MRI may be helpful in supporting the diagnosis of kernicterus. PMID:23690488

Belz, Katie M; Specht, Andrew J; Johnson, Victoria S; Conway, Julia A

2013-05-20

124

Observation of the CSF pulsatile flow in an aqueduct using cine MRI with presaturation bolus tracking, (2)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Various to-and-fro motion patterns of the CSF flow in an aqueduct were analyzed in ten normal volunteers, in ten patients with secondary normal-pressure hydrocephalus, in nine patients with idiopathic ventriculomegaly, and in five cases of brain atrophy using cine MRI with presaturation bolus tracking. The to-and-fro motion patterns were classified into four types. Type I; in which the velocity of the CSF in the aqueduct is slower than 15 mm/sec, and the duration of the flow in the caudal direction is longer than in the rostral. Type II; in which the velocity of the CSF in the aqueduct is faster than 15 mm/sec, and the duration of the flow in the caudal direction is longer than in the rostral. Type III; in which the velocity is relatively faster than Type I, but the duration of the flow in the caudal direction is shorter than in the rostral. Type IV; in which the velocity is slower than 15 mm/sec, and the duration of the flow in the caudal direction is shorter than in the rostral. In secondary normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), the flow patterns were all of Type II. In idiopathic ventriculomegaly, the cases of which showed ventricular reflux on RI-cisternography, the flow patterns were divided into three types (II, III and IV). In the cases of brain atrophy, who did not show ventricular reflux on RI-cisternography, the flow patterns were all of Type I. We conclude that the evaluation of the CSF pulsatile flow in the aqueduct can give new clinical information for use in investigating the pathogenesis of the ventriculomegaly. (author).

1991-01-01

125

[Intrapulmonary rupture of a dermoid cyst: MRI findings  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We report a case of dermoid cyst of the mediastinum ruptured into the lung. Only a few reports of ruptured mediastinal dermoid cyst have appeared in the literature. A 18-year-old female patient developed a tumor in the anterior mediastinum, which was coincidentally detected by a conventional chest X-ray. CT and MRI demonstrated two components: a cystic mediastinal mass and adjacent parenchymatous condensation. The cystic mass (no enhancement during or after injection) had a fatty structure: high-intensity T1 signal and low-intensity T2 signal. The thin wall (low-intensity signal on T1 and T2) was strongly enhanced during the systemic time and was ruptured. The parenchymatous condensation included a fatty effusion and an inflammatory reaction with the same T1 signal as the cyst, remaining slightly hyperintense on T2 with enhancement after injection. Cine-MRI demonstrated that the mass and the compressed right atrium were independent.

Shao ZY; Massiani MA; Bazelly B; Antoine M; Khalil A; Carette MF

2003-11-01

126

[Intrapulmonary rupture of a dermoid cyst: MRI findings].  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of dermoid cyst of the mediastinum ruptured into the lung. Only a few reports of ruptured mediastinal dermoid cyst have appeared in the literature. A 18-year-old female patient developed a tumor in the anterior mediastinum, which was coincidentally detected by a conventional chest X-ray. CT and MRI demonstrated two components: a cystic mediastinal mass and adjacent parenchymatous condensation. The cystic mass (no enhancement during or after injection) had a fatty structure: high-intensity T1 signal and low-intensity T2 signal. The thin wall (low-intensity signal on T1 and T2) was strongly enhanced during the systemic time and was ruptured. The parenchymatous condensation included a fatty effusion and an inflammatory reaction with the same T1 signal as the cyst, remaining slightly hyperintense on T2 with enhancement after injection. Cine-MRI demonstrated that the mass and the compressed right atrium were independent. PMID:14707928

Shao, Z Y; Massiani, M-A; Bazelly, B; Antoine, M; Khalil, A; Carette, M-F

2003-11-01

127

CT and MRI findings in trigeminal neurinomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The CT and MRI findings of trigeminal neurinomas were analyzed in 12 cases. Most of the cases were of the Dumbbell type, with the tumor occupying both the middle and posterior cranial fossae. A small number of cases were, however, of the Ganglion or Root type. Precontrast CT demonstrated iso- and/or low-density masses, while postcontrast CT showed a homogeneous, multicystic or ring-like enhancement. Cystic components were found frequently. Although the tumors were large in size, there was no peritumoral edema on CT. Metrizamide CT cisternography (MCTC) was helpful, particularly in detecting a small-sized neurinoma without any destruction of the petrous apex. In MRI, a tumor appeared as a decreased signal-intensity area on the T1-weighted image and as an increased signal-intensity area on the T2-weighted image. MRI is the best non-invasive technique for demonstrating a trigeminal neurinoma in Meckel's cave and the parasellar region without bony artifacts. (author)

1988-01-01

128

MRI Findings in the Spinal Column Trauma  

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Full Text Available The traumatic lesions of spinal column are important not only because of the structures involved but also because of the complications that may arise affecting the spinal cord."nThe traumatic lesions are usually encountered be-tween the ages of 20 and 50 years, with the majority of case (about 80%) being seen in males. Usually in trauma patients the study begins with plain X-ray, however, CT and MRI have major role for further evaluation."nOn the CT examination, the bony structures such as vertebral body, pedicles and posterior elements can be evaluated, clearly."nMRI is the imaging method of choice because of its ability to visualize the soft tissue such as spinal cord contusion, hemorrhage, syringomyelia or compres-sion from epidural hematoma."nIn this paper we wish to discuss MRI findings in the spinal column trauma in our patients which are re-ferred for MR study during the last eight years.

A. Radmehr

2008-01-01

129

CINE CLUB  

CERN Document Server

Main Auditorium CERN jeudi 17 décembre 2009 à 18 h 15 à l’Amphithéâtre principal du CERN (bâtiment 500)   Comme chaque année avant Noël, le CineClub du CERN est heureux d’inviter petits et grands à une projection gratuite du film   LE MONDE DE NEMO (FINDING NEMO) (USA, 2003, Andrew Stanton and Lee Unkrich)   Dans les eaux tropicales de la Grande Barrière de corail, un poisson-clown du nom de Marin mène une existence paisible avec son fils unique, Nemo. Redoutant l’océan et ses risques imprévisibles, il fait de son mieux pour protéger son fils. Comme tous les petits poissons de son âge, celui-ci rêve pourtant d’explorer les mystérieux récifs. Lorsque Nemo disparaît, Marin devient malgré lui le héros d’une qu&a...

Ciné Club

2009-01-01

130

MRI findings of temporal lobe ganglioglioma  

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Ganglioglioma is a rare primary brain tumor usually found in the temporal lobe. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic MR findings of temporal lobe ganglioglioma. Over a seven-year period, ten patients with cerebral ganglioglioma were evaluated at our institution. Seven cases of temporal lobe ganglioma were found ; six of these involved men, and one, a woman ; their mean age was 29.6 years. In three patients, Gd-DTPA-enhanced T1-weighted images were also obtained. We retrospectively analysed the MRI findings with respect to location, size, cortical involvement, margin, cystic change, degree of enhancement, MR signal intensity, calcification and peritumoral change. In five cases, tumors were located within the temporal lobe. In one, a tumor extended from the temporal lobe to the thalamus, and in one from the temporal lobe to the thalamus and cerebral peduncle. All temporal gangliogliomas measured 1.6-3.8cm in their greatest diameter (mean diameter, 2.7cm). In all cases, the cortices were involved with the maintenance of gyriform. The tumor margin was ill defined in five cases and well defined in two. Tumors showed multiple small cystic changes in four cases, a large cyst in two, and a solid nodule in one. In three cases in which contrast media was administered, no lesions were enhanced. On T1-weighted images, iso-signal intensities were seen in five cases and high signal intensities in two. On T2-weighted images, the corresponding figures were five and two. On MRI, tumor calcification and calvarial erosion were each detected in two cases. In patients with temporal lobe epilepsy in whom cortical solid or cystic and poorly enhanced lesions were seen on brain MRI, and in whom associated findings such as calcification and or adjacent bony erosion were noted, ganglioglioma must be considered.

Lee, Myung Jun [National Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ho Kyu; Lee, Jung Kyo; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Ulsan University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-02-01

131

MRI findings of temporal lobe ganglioglioma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Ganglioglioma is a rare primary brain tumor usually found in the temporal lobe. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic MR findings of temporal lobe ganglioglioma. Over a seven-year period, ten patients with cerebral ganglioglioma were evaluated at our institution. Seven cases of temporal lobe ganglioma were found ; six of these involved men, and one, a woman ; their mean age was 29.6 years. In three patients, Gd-DTPA-enhanced T1-weighted images were also obtained. We retrospectively analysed the MRI findings with respect to location, size, cortical involvement, margin, cystic change, degree of enhancement, MR signal intensity, calcification and peritumoral change. In five cases, tumors were located within the temporal lobe. In one, a tumor extended from the temporal lobe to the thalamus, and in one from the temporal lobe to the thalamus and cerebral peduncle. All temporal gangliogliomas measured 1.6-3.8cm in their greatest diameter (mean diameter, 2.7cm). In all cases, the cortices were involved with the maintenance of gyriform. The tumor margin was ill defined in five cases and well defined in two. Tumors showed multiple small cystic changes in four cases, a large cyst in two, and a solid nodule in one. In three cases in which contrast media was administered, no lesions were enhanced. On T1-weighted images, iso-signal intensities were seen in five cases and high signal intensities in two. On T2-weighted images, the corresponding figures were five and two. On MRI, tumor calcification and calvarial erosion were each detected in two cases. In patients with temporal lobe epilepsy in whom cortical solid or cystic and poorly enhanced lesions were seen on brain MRI, and in whom associated findings such as calcification and or adjacent bony erosion were noted, ganglioglioma must be considered

1999-01-01

132

Left ventricular torsion and longitudinal shortening: two fundamental components of myocardial mechanics assessed by tagged cine-MRI in normal subjects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (Cardiac MRI) has become a gold standard diagnostic technique for the assessment of cardiac mechanics, allowing the non-invasive calculation of left ventricular long axis longitudinal shortening (LVLS) and absolute myocardial torsion (AMT) between basal and apical left ventricular slices, a movement directly related to the helicoidal anatomic disposition of the myocardial fibers. The aim of this study is to determine AMT and LVLS behaviour and normal values from a group of healthy subjects. A group of 21 healthy volunteers (15 males) (age: 23-55 y.o., mean: 30.7 ± 7.5) were prospectively included in an observational study by cardiac MRI. Left ventricular rotation (degrees) was calculated by custom-made software (Harmonic Phase Flow) in consecutive LV short axis planes tagged cine-MRI sequences. AMT was determined from the difference between basal and apical planes LV rotations. LVLS (%) was determined from the LV longitudinal and horizontal axis cine-MRI images. All the 21 cases studied were interpretable, although in three cases the value of the LV apical rotation could not be determined. The mean rotation of the basal and apical planes at end-systole were -3.71° ± 0.84° and 6.73° ± 1.69° (n:18) respectively, resulting in a LV mean AMT of 10.48° ± 1.63° (n:18). End-systolic mean LVLS was 19.07 ± 2.71%. Cardiac MRI allows for the calculation of AMT and LVLS, fundamental functional components of the ventricular twist mechanics conditioned, in turn, by the anatomical helical layout of the myocardial fibers. These values provide complementary information about systolic ventricular function in relation to the traditional parameters used in daily practice. PMID:21305357

Carreras, Francesc; Garcia-Barnes, Jaume; Gil, Debora; Pujadas, Sandra; Li, Chi Hion; Suarez-Arias, Ramon; Leta, Ruben; Alomar, Xavier; Ballester, Manel; Pons-Llado, Guillem

2011-02-09

133

Left ventricular torsion and longitudinal shortening: two fundamental components of myocardial mechanics assessed by tagged cine-MRI in normal subjects.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (Cardiac MRI) has become a gold standard diagnostic technique for the assessment of cardiac mechanics, allowing the non-invasive calculation of left ventricular long axis longitudinal shortening (LVLS) and absolute myocardial torsion (AMT) between basal and apical left ventricular slices, a movement directly related to the helicoidal anatomic disposition of the myocardial fibers. The aim of this study is to determine AMT and LVLS behaviour and normal values from a group of healthy subjects. A group of 21 healthy volunteers (15 males) (age: 23-55 y.o., mean: 30.7 ± 7.5) were prospectively included in an observational study by cardiac MRI. Left ventricular rotation (degrees) was calculated by custom-made software (Harmonic Phase Flow) in consecutive LV short axis planes tagged cine-MRI sequences. AMT was determined from the difference between basal and apical planes LV rotations. LVLS (%) was determined from the LV longitudinal and horizontal axis cine-MRI images. All the 21 cases studied were interpretable, although in three cases the value of the LV apical rotation could not be determined. The mean rotation of the basal and apical planes at end-systole were -3.71° ± 0.84° and 6.73° ± 1.69° (n:18) respectively, resulting in a LV mean AMT of 10.48° ± 1.63° (n:18). End-systolic mean LVLS was 19.07 ± 2.71%. Cardiac MRI allows for the calculation of AMT and LVLS, fundamental functional components of the ventricular twist mechanics conditioned, in turn, by the anatomical helical layout of the myocardial fibers. These values provide complementary information about systolic ventricular function in relation to the traditional parameters used in daily practice.

Carreras F; Garcia-Barnes J; Gil D; Pujadas S; Li CH; Suarez-Arias R; Leta R; Alomar X; Ballester M; Pons-Llado G

2012-02-01

134

Early MRI findings of rapidly destructive coxarthrosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Rapidly destructive coxarthrosis (RDC) is known to affect elderly women, but its etiology is unknown. This is the first report to our knowledge, based on a search of the English literature, that reveals the entire process of hip destruction from the onset to the terminal stage of RDC, in an 80-year-old woman. Radiographic evaluation showed subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head at an early stage of this disease. An MRI examination within a month of the onset of hip pain showed the entire femoral head with low intensity on T1-weighted images and high intensity on T2-weighted images, and a small low-intensity band at the subchondral area of the lateral weight-bearing portion of the head. These findings are consistent with subchondral insufficiency fracture and associated bone marrow edema. The lesion developed into a deep and large erosion at the superolateral portion of the femoral head, the process being observed on both roentgenograms and MRI. These findings were confirmed during total hip arthroplasty. This case suggests that subchondral insufficiency fracture of the femoral head may be a preceding sign of destruction of the femoral head. (orig.)

2002-01-01

135

CT and MRI findings of malignant meningiomas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Of 128 cases of meningiomas during the 11-year period between January 1980 and December 1990, 11 (8.6%) were malignant meningiomas and included 4 cases of the anaplastic type, 1 atypical type, 1 papillary type and 5 of the meningotheliomatous type. The recurrences of these meningiomas seen within 5 years following the initial operation were of almost the same size as the original tumors. The 11 malignant meningiomas were evaluated by CT and 6 (4 anaplastic meningiomas, 1 atypical and 1 meningotheliomatous type) of them were examined by MR. CT on the malignant meningiomas revealed that tumor density was homogeneous, showing isodensity or slight high density in 7 cases and heterogeneous density with hypodensity in isodensity or slight high density on plain CT and heterogeneous enhancement on CECT in 4 cases. Only 2 malignant meningiomas exhibited calcifications on CT. Perifocal edema in the malignant meningiomas was not increased to a greater extent than in benign meningiomas. Moderate or somewhat more than moderate edema was seen in 6 cases (55%) of the 11 cases and slight edema in 5. MRI was more efficient than CT in the evaluation of the pathological tumor characteristics of the malignant meningiomas. T[sub 2]-weighted images were important in determining heterogeneity of the tumor signal with respect to characteristic pathological findings. Five of 6 malignant tumors showed a heterogeneous signal on T[sub 2]-weighted image and Gd-DTPA T[sub 1] image. Irregularities in the tumor outline were recognized in all 6 malignant meningioma cases examined. In 5 cases the peritumoral band, frequently seen by MRI in benign meningiomas had disappeared. MR was more useful than CT for the diagnosis of malignant meningiomas. The heterogeneity of the tumor signal, the irregularity of tumor outline and the disappearance of the peritumoral band were of importance in establishing the usefulness of MRI for the diagnosis of malignant meningiomas. (author).

Miyagami, Mitsusuke; Shibuya, Tadashi; Miyagi, Atsushi; Kido, Goro; Kushi, Hidehiko; Tsubokawa, Takashi (Nihon Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine)

1994-06-01

136

CT and MRI findings of malignant meningiomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors dealt with 128 cases of meningiomas during the 11-year period between January 1980 and December 1990. Of these cases, 11 (8.6%) were malignant meningiomas and included 4 cases of the anaplastic type, 1 atypical type, 1 papillary type and 5 of the meningotheliomatous type. The recurrences of these meningiomas seen within 5 years following the initial operation were of almost the same size as the original tumors. The 11 malignant meningiomas were evaluated by CT and 6 (4 anaplastic meningiomas, 1 atypical and 1 meningotheliomatous type) of them were examined by MR. CT on the malignant meningiomas revealed that tumor density was homogeneous, showing isodensity or slight high density in 7 cases and heterogeneous density with hypodensity in isodensity or slight high density on plain CT and heterogeneous enhancement on CECT in 4 cases. Only 2 malignant meningiomas exhibited calcifications on CT. Perifocal edema in the malignant meningiomas was not increased to a greater extent than in benign meningiomas. Moderate or somewhat more than moderate edema was seen in 6 cases (55%) of the 11 cases and slight edema in 5. MRI was more efficient than CT in the evaluation of the pathological tumor characteristics of the malignant meningiomas. T2-weighted images were important in determining heterogeneity of the tumor signal with respect to characteristic pathological findings. Five of 6 malignant tumors showed a heterogeneous signal on T2-weighted image and Gd-DTPA T1 image. Irregularities in the tumor outline were recognized in all 6 malignant meningioma cases examined. In 5 cases the peritumoral band, frequently seen by MRI in benign meningiomas had disappeared. MR was more useful than CT for the diagnosis of malignant meningiomas. The heterogeneity of the tumor signal, the irregularity of tumor outline and the disappearance of the peritumoral band were of importance in establishing the usefulness of MRI for the diagnosis of malignant meningiomas. (author).

1980-01-00

137

MRI findings of peripheral schwannoma: pathologic correlation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To characterize the MRI appearance of the peripherally located schwannoma as compared with pathologic findings. 11 cases of 13 lesions of the schwannoma confirmed by pathology were analyzed, respectively. T1, T2 and Gadolinium-enhanced T1 weighted sagittal and axial images were obtained. The signal intensity, contour of lesion, and relationship with surrounding tissue were analyzed. All cases were correlated with MRI and pathologic findings. In 9 out of the 11 cases, schwannoma was connected to the main nerve trunk. Among them, tumors were located centrally in 6 cases and eccentrically in 3 cases. MR findings of schwannoma were iso signal intensity on T1WI (8 cases) with muscle intensity, high signal intensity on T2WI (all cases), strong heterogenous enhancement in all cases. 8 cases showing heterogenous appearance on T2WI, showed mixture of Antoni-A and B area and multifocal hemorrhage. Central low and peripheral high signal intensity on T2WI (Target sign) was mainly high cellular component in the central portion and diffuse myxoid degeneration at the periphery, pathologically. Reversed target appearance (central high, peripheral low on T2WI) revealed central cystic degeneration with low cellular component and hemorrhage in the central portion, and high cellular component at the periphery. Linear band-like low signal intensity on T2WI, suggesting capsule of the schwannoma, was not the true capsule proven by pathology. Thin true capsule was not visualized on T2WI. MR appearance of schwannoma was non-specific. The signal intensity on T2 weighted MR imaging was determined by the presence of multifocal hemorrhage, focal cystic and myxoid degeneration, admixture of Antoni-A and B area.

Yim, Byung Il; Suh, Jin Suck; Na, Jae Boem; Shin, Kyoo Ho; Song, Kun Chang [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1995-10-15

138

MRI findings of peripheral schwannoma: pathologic correlation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To characterize the MRI appearance of the peripherally located schwannoma as compared with pathologic findings. 11 cases of 13 lesions of the schwannoma confirmed by pathology were analyzed, respectively. T1, T2 and Gadolinium-enhanced T1 weighted sagittal and axial images were obtained. The signal intensity, contour of lesion, and relationship with surrounding tissue were analyzed. All cases were correlated with MRI and pathologic findings. In 9 out of the 11 cases, schwannoma was connected to the main nerve trunk. Among them, tumors were located centrally in 6 cases and eccentrically in 3 cases. MR findings of schwannoma were iso signal intensity on T1WI (8 cases) with muscle intensity, high signal intensity on T2WI (all cases), strong heterogenous enhancement in all cases. 8 cases showing heterogenous appearance on T2WI, showed mixture of Antoni-A and B area and multifocal hemorrhage. Central low and peripheral high signal intensity on T2WI (Target sign) was mainly high cellular component in the central portion and diffuse myxoid degeneration at the periphery, pathologically. Reversed target appearance (central high, peripheral low on T2WI) revealed central cystic degeneration with low cellular component and hemorrhage in the central portion, and high cellular component at the periphery. Linear band-like low signal intensity on T2WI, suggesting capsule of the schwannoma, was not the true capsule proven by pathology. Thin true capsule was not visualized on T2WI. MR appearance of schwannoma was non-specific. The signal intensity on T2 weighted MR imaging was determined by the presence of multifocal hemorrhage, focal cystic and myxoid degeneration, admixture of Antoni-A and B area.

1995-01-01

139

Progressive supranuclear palsy: MRI and pathological findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Our purpose was to investigate brain atrophy and signal intensity changes on MRI in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and to correlate them with pathological features. We reviewed MRI and brain specimens of six patients with PSP, nine with Parkinson`s disease (PD) and six with striatonigral degeneration (SND). Sagittal T1-weighted images showed that four patients with PSP had obvious reduction of anteroposterior midbrain diameter. T2-weighted images demonstrated diffuse high-signal lesions in the tegmentum and tectum of the midbrain of four patients, the upper pontine tegmentum of four, and the lower pontine tegmentum of two, but in no patient with PD or SND. The inferior olivary nuclei gave high signal intensity on T2-weighted images in one patient with PSP. These signal intensity changes were consistent with the pathological findings. One patient with PSP showed abnormal signal intensity in the upper pontine tegmentum without atrophy of the midbrain. Midbrain atrophy and diffuse high-signal lesions on T2-weighted images in the tegmentum and tectum of the brain stem are characteristic of PSP. (orig.). With 9 figs., 2 tabs.

Yagishita, A. [Department of Neuroradiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, 2-6-1 Musashidai, Fuchu, Tokyo 183 (Japan); Oda, M. [Department of Neuropathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, Tokyo (Japan)

1996-05-01

140

Progressive supranuclear palsy: MRI and pathological findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Our purpose was to investigate brain atrophy and signal intensity changes on MRI in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and to correlate them with pathological features. We reviewed MRI and brain specimens of six patients with PSP, nine with Parkinson's disease (PD) and six with striatonigral degeneration (SND). Sagittal T1-weighted images showed that four patients with PSP had obvious reduction of anteroposterior midbrain diameter. T2-weighted images demonstrated diffuse high-signal lesions in the tegmentum and tectum of the midbrain of four patients, the upper pontine tegmentum of four, and the lower pontine tegmentum of two, but in no patient with PD or SND. The inferior olivary nuclei gave high signal intensity on T2-weighted images in one patient with PSP. These signal intensity changes were consistent with the pathological findings. One patient with PSP showed abnormal signal intensity in the upper pontine tegmentum without atrophy of the midbrain. Midbrain atrophy and diffuse high-signal lesions on T2-weighted images in the tegmentum and tectum of the brain stem are characteristic of PSP. (orig.). With 9 figs., 2 tabs

1996-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

MRI findings of intracranial cavernous malformations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To analyze the variable MRI features and clinical significance of intracranial cavernous malformations. Forty patients(mean age 35.4) with cavernous malformation were evaluated by MRI. Eleven patients were surgically confirmed. Cavernous malformations were divided into four categories on the basis of the MR imaging characteristics, especially on T2-weighted image. Type I lesion was defined as an extralesional subacute hemorrhage outside the low signal rim, type II as an intralesional hemorrhage surrounded by low signal rim, type III lesion as an intralesional thrombosis with variegated central core surrounded by low signal rim, and type IV lesion as a focal old hemorrhagic core with small low signal intensity. Type IV was further divided into IVa and IVb, whether the lesion has small iso-or hypersignal central core (IVa) or not (IVb). Follow-up MRI was evaluated in 12 patients who were managed conservatively. Follow-up intervals ranged from 2 weeks to 29 months (mean 6 months). Total 80 lesions were detected in 40 patients. Multiple lesions were noted in 10 patients. The topography of the cavernous malformations was supratentorial in 75% and infratentorial in 23%. There were 10 lesions in type I, 15 in type II, 21 in type III, 14 in type IVa, and 20 in type IVb. Type I lesions mainly showed mass effect and edema. Type III lesions showed minimal contrast enhancements in 7 lesions on delayed images. Type II lesions showed the characteristics of both type I and type III lesions. On follow up images, decrease in size in 5, change of type in 7, rebleeding in 2 and no change in 12 lesions were demonstrated. Hemorrhage, edema and mass effect were combined in the cases of rebleeding. On follow-up study, the estimated risk of bleeding was 32.3%/person-year and 13.7%/lesion-year. Cavernous malformations show as variable appearance, on MR imaging suggesting variable stages of evolution. The MR morphologic classification and evaluation of secondary findings are helpful to predict natural course and possibility of rebleeding of the lesion.

Han, Byoung Hee; Kim, Dong Ik; Cho, Yong Kuk [Severance Hospital, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1995-07-15

142

MRI findings of intracranial cavernous malformations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To analyze the variable MRI features and clinical significance of intracranial cavernous malformations. Forty patients(mean age 35.4) with cavernous malformation were evaluated by MRI. Eleven patients were surgically confirmed. Cavernous malformations were divided into four categories on the basis of the MR imaging characteristics, especially on T2-weighted image. Type I lesion was defined as an extralesional subacute hemorrhage outside the low signal rim, type II as an intralesional hemorrhage surrounded by low signal rim, type III lesion as an intralesional thrombosis with variegated central core surrounded by low signal rim, and type IV lesion as a focal old hemorrhagic core with small low signal intensity. Type IV was further divided into IVa and IVb, whether the lesion has small iso-or hypersignal central core (IVa) or not (IVb). Follow-up MRI was evaluated in 12 patients who were managed conservatively. Follow-up intervals ranged from 2 weeks to 29 months (mean 6 months). Total 80 lesions were detected in 40 patients. Multiple lesions were noted in 10 patients. The topography of the cavernous malformations was supratentorial in 75% and infratentorial in 23%. There were 10 lesions in type I, 15 in type II, 21 in type III, 14 in type IVa, and 20 in type IVb. Type I lesions mainly showed mass effect and edema. Type III lesions showed minimal contrast enhancements in 7 lesions on delayed images. Type II lesions showed the characteristics of both type I and type III lesions. On follow up images, decrease in size in 5, change of type in 7, rebleeding in 2 and no change in 12 lesions were demonstrated. Hemorrhage, edema and mass effect were combined in the cases of rebleeding. On follow-up study, the estimated risk of bleeding was 32.3%/person-year and 13.7%/lesion-year. Cavernous malformations show as variable appearance, on MR imaging suggesting variable stages of evolution. The MR morphologic classification and evaluation of secondary findings are helpful to predict natural course and possibility of rebleeding of the lesion.

1995-01-01

143

MRI findings of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Acute disseminate encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a demyelinating disease of probable autoimmune etiology. The MR images of patients with clinically suspected ADEM were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical symptoms occurred 5 days to 1 month after viral upper respiratory infection (4) and Coxsakie viral infection (1). The symptoms had begun with fever (3), headache (3), sore throat (1), and drowsy mental state (1), which progressed with monophasic course to altered mental change (2), extremity weakness (2), seizure (1) and/or cerebellar symptom (1). MRI findings of ADEM showed patchy (4), non hemorrhagic (5), asymmetric (5) high signal intensity lesions on T2-weighted images. The number of the lesions was mostly multiple (4). The lesions mainly involved the brain stem (3) and subcortical while matter (3). Follow-up MR images of 13 days to 20 days after high dose steroid therapy showed marked improvement in two of three, which well corrected with clinical manifestations. MR finding of multiple, patchy, nonhemorrhagic and asymmetric lesions in subcortical white matter and brain stem on T2-weighted images seem to be characteristic features of ADEM, but nonspecific. Therefore, clinical correlation is required in evaluating ADEM.

Oh, Sei Jung; Suh, Jung Ho; Kim, Dong Ik; Chung, Tae Sub; Lee, So Jin [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1993-07-15

144

Synovial hemangioma of the knee: MRI findings in two cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The findings in two patients with histologically proven synovial hemangioma of the knee are described. Both cases emphasize the typical appearance of this unusual tumor on magnetic resonance imaging. Additional radiologic findings, such as adjacent osseous insolvement, are discussed. The MRI findings of this tumor are highly suggestive of the diagnosis and MRI should eliminate the need for invasive angiographic procedures. (orig.).

1995-01-01

145

VSD following blunt cardiac trauma: MRI findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this report, we describe the clinical and radiographic findings of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) following blunt cardiac trauma in two patients. VSDs following either penetrating or blunt cardiac trauma are a rare occurrence. The variable presentation and timing of symptom onset along with the common association of other injuries can make the diagnosis of a posttraumatic VSD difficult. Therefore, investigation should be initiated when elements from the history and physical examination (e.g., new onset murmur), laboratory tests (e.g., cardiac enzymes), EKG, and CT or echocardiography warrant it. The first patient was a 19-year-old male who was hemodynamically stable on initial presentation to this trauma center after a motor vehicle collision. A posttraumatic VSD was found by echocardiography on the day of admission and further defined on cardiac MRI (CMRI). The second patient was a 31-year-oid male who presented after a high-speed motorcycle accident and was found to have a VSD 40 days later on CMRI after a fluctuating clinical course and multiple normal echocardiograms. Both patients had good outcomes with subsequent surgical closure. PMID:23604922

Liguori, Andrew E; Maertins, Benjamin A; Richardson, Randy

2013-04-20

146

VSD following blunt cardiac trauma: MRI findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this report, we describe the clinical and radiographic findings of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) following blunt cardiac trauma in two patients. VSDs following either penetrating or blunt cardiac trauma are a rare occurrence. The variable presentation and timing of symptom onset along with the common association of other injuries can make the diagnosis of a posttraumatic VSD difficult. Therefore, investigation should be initiated when elements from the history and physical examination (e.g., new onset murmur), laboratory tests (e.g., cardiac enzymes), EKG, and CT or echocardiography warrant it. The first patient was a 19-year-old male who was hemodynamically stable on initial presentation to this trauma center after a motor vehicle collision. A posttraumatic VSD was found by echocardiography on the day of admission and further defined on cardiac MRI (CMRI). The second patient was a 31-year-oid male who presented after a high-speed motorcycle accident and was found to have a VSD 40 days later on CMRI after a fluctuating clinical course and multiple normal echocardiograms. Both patients had good outcomes with subsequent surgical closure.

Liguori AE; Maertins BA; Richardson R

2013-10-01

147

A methodology to accurately quantify patellofemoral cartilage contact kinematics by combining 3D image shape registration and cine-PC MRI velocity data.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Patellofemoral osteoarthritis and its potential precursor patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) are common, costly, and debilitating diseases. PFPS has been shown to be associated with altered patellofemoral joint mechanics; however, an actual variation in joint contact stresses has not been established due to challenges in accurately quantifying in vivo contact kinematics (area and location). This study developed and validated a method for tracking dynamic, in vivo cartilage contact kinematics by combining three magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, cine-phase contrast (CPC), multi-plane cine (MPC), and 3D high-resolution static imaging. CPC and MPC data were acquired from 12 healthy volunteers while they actively extended/flexed their knee within the MRI scanner. Since no gold standard exists for the quantification of in vivo dynamic cartilage contact kinematics, the accuracy of tracking a single point (patellar origin relative to the femur) represented the accuracy of tracking the kinematics of an entire surface. The accuracy was determined by the average absolute error between the PF kinematics derived through registration of MPC images to a static model and those derived through integration of the CPC velocity data. The accuracy ranged from 0.47 mm to 0.77 mm for the patella and femur and from 0.68 mm to 0.86 mm for the patellofemoral joint. For purely quantifying joint kinematics, CPC remains an analytically simpler and more accurate (accuracy <0.33 mm) technique. However, for application requiring the tracking of an entire surface, such as quantifying cartilage contact kinematics, this combined imaging approach produces accurate results with minimal operator intervention.

Borotikar BS; Sipprell WH 3rd; Wible EE; Sheehan FT

2012-04-01

148

Unilateral moya-moya disease: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The term 'moya-moya' refers to hypertrophic collateral circulation in the basal ganglia, in patients with stenosis or occlusion of the distal internal carotid artery at its bifurcation. Recent reports stress the value of MRI in the demonstration of both collateral circulation and cerebral infarction in patients with moya-moya disease. We wish to report a case of MRI demonstration of unilateral moya-moya vessels in a 10-year-old child. (orig.).

1989-01-01

149

Unilateral moya-moya disease: MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The term 'moya-moya' refers to hypertrophic collateral circulation in the basal ganglia, in patients with stenosis or occlusion of the distal internal carotid artery at its bifurcation. Recent reports stress the value of MRI in the demonstration of both collateral circulation and cerebral infarction in patients with moya-moya disease. We wish to report a case of MRI demonstration of unilateral moya-moya vessels in a 10-year-old child. (orig.).

Wilms, G.; Marchal, G.; Fraeyenhoven, L. van; Demaerel, P.; Baert, A.L. (Leuven Univ. (Belgium). Dept. of Radiology); Casaer, P.; Elderen, S. van (Leuven Univ. (Belgium). Dept. of Pediatrics)

1989-11-01

150

Pulmonary glomus tumor: CT and MRI findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Pulmonary glomus tumor is rare and its manifestations on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have not, to our knowledge, been reported previously. A round mass was detected in the right upper lung field on a routine chest radiograph. With dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, the mass showed strong, early-phase peripheral enhancement that expanded in a centripetal direction with time. Postoperative pathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of glomus tumor.

Ueno M; Nakashima O; Mishima M; Yamada M; Kikuno M; Nasu K; Kudo S

2004-04-01

151

Measurement of coronary flow response to cold pressor stress in asymptomatic women with cardiovascular risk factors using spiral velocity-encoded cine MRI at 3 Tesla  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Coronary sinus (CS) flow in response to a provocative stress has been used as a surrogate measure of coronary flow reserve, and velocity-encoded cine (VEC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an established technique for measuring CS flow. In this study, the cold pressor test (CPT) was used to measure CS flow response because it elicits an endothelium-dependent coronary vasodilation that may afford greater sensitivity for detecting early changes in coronary endothelial function. Purpose: To investigate the feasibility and reproducibility of CS flow reactivity (CSFR) to CPT using spiral VEC MRI at 3 Tesla in a sample of asymptomatic women with cardiovascular risk factors. Material and Methods: Fourteen asymptomatic women (age 38 years ± 10) with cardiovascular risk factors were studied using 3D spiral VEC MRI of the CS at 3 T. The CPT was utilized as a provocative stress to measure changes in CS flow. CSFR to CPT was calculated from the ratio of CS flow during peak stress to baseline CS flow. Results: CPT induced a significant hemodynamic response as measured by a 45% increase in rate-pressure product (P

2010-01-01

152

Functional cine MRI of the abdomen for the assessment of implanted synthetic mesh in patients after incisional hernia repair: initial results  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of our study was to develop a method that allows the vizualiation and evaluation of implanted mesh in patients after incisional hernia repair with MRI. Furthermore, we assessed problems typically related with mesh implantation like adhesions and muscular atrophy. We enrolled 28 patients after incisional hernia repair. In 10 patients mesh implantation was done by laparoscopy (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene=ePTFE mesh) and in 18 by laparotomy (polypropylene mesh). Functional MRI was performed on a 1.5-T system in supine position. Sagittal and axial TrueFISP images of the entire abdomen were acquired with the patient repeatedly straining. Evaluation included: correct position and intact fixation of the mesh, furthermore visceral adhesions, recurrent hernia and atrophy of the rectus muscle. The ePTFE mesh was visible in all cases; the polypropylene mesh was not detectable. In seven of the ten ePTFE meshes the fixation was not intact; two recurrent hernias were detected. Twenty of 28 patients had intraabdominal adhesions. In 5 cases mobility of the abdominal wall was reduced, and 16 patients showed an atropy of the rectus muscle. Functional cine MRI is a suitable method for follow-up studies in patients after hernia repair. ePTFE meshes can be visualized directly, and typical complications like intestinal adhesions and abdominal wall dysmotility can be assessed reliably. (orig.)

Fischer, Tanja [Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology, Munich (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Munich (Germany); Ladurner, Roland; Mussack, Thomas [Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Surgery and Traumatology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Munich (Germany); Gangkofer, Alexander; Reiser, Maximilian; Lienemann, Andreas [Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology, Munich (Germany)

2007-12-15

153

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a heart muscle disorder of unknown cause that is characterized pathologically by fibrofatty replacement of the right ventricular myocardium. Clinical manifestations include structural and functional malformations of the right ventricle, electrocardiographic abnormalities, and presentation with ventricular tachycardias with left bundle branch pattern or sudden death. The disease is often familial with an autosomal inheritance. In addition to right ventricular dilatation, right ventricular aneurysms are typical deformities of ARVD and they are distributed in the so-called ''triangle of dysplasia'', i. e., right ventricular outflow tract, apex, and infundibulum. Ventricular aneurysms at these sites can be considered pathognomonic of ARVD. Another typical hallmark of ARVD is fibrofatty infiltration of the right ventricular free wall. These functional and morphologic characteristics are relevant to clinical imaging investigations such as contrast angiography, echocardiography, radionuclide angiography, ultrafast computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Among these techniques, MRI allows the clearest visualization of the heart, in particular because the right ventricle is involved, which is usually more difficult to explore with the other imaging modalities. Furthermore, MRI offers the specific advantage of visualizing adipose infiltration as a bright signal of the right ventricular myocardium. MRI provides the most important anatomic, functional, and morphologic criteria for diagnosis of ARVD within one single study. As a result, MRI appears to be the optimal imaging technique for detecting and following patients with clinical suspicion of ARVD. (orig.)

2000-01-01

154

MRI findings in sclerotic bone changes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We have compared the value of MRI with conventional radiography and CT in 40 predominantly sclerotic skeletal lesions. We have found that sclerosis and other changes in the bone structure can be demonstrated by MRI in much the same way as with conventional radiography and CT. Using high resolution surface coils, it is possible to demonstrate small areas of new bone formation such as periosteal new bone or the calcification within the nidus of an osteoid osteoma. MRI is particularly appropriate if it is necessary to show soft tissue changes within an area of sclerosis, which may be responsible for the new bone formation and which may be masked on radiographs and CT by the surrounding sclerosis.

Holland, B.R.; Freyschmidt, J.

1988-11-01

155

Dynamic visualization of arachnoid adhesions in a patient with idiopathic syringomyelia using high-resolution cine magnetic resonance imaging at 3T.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 39-year-old female patient with thoracic syringomyelia underwent routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 3 T MRI to investigate the value of retrospectively cardiac-gated cine steady-state free precession (SSFP) MRI in the preoperative and postoperative diagnosis of arachnoid membranes in the spinal subarachnoid space. Therefore, 3T MRI included sagittal and transverse retrospectively cardiac-gated cine balanced fast-field echo (balanced-FFE) sequences both preoperatively and after microsurgical lysis of arachnoid adhesions and expansive duraplasty. Arachnoid membranes were detected and this result was correlated with intraoperative findings and the results of routine cardiac-gated phase-contrast cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow MRI. Retrospectively cardiac-gated cine SSFP MRI enabled imaging of arachnoid membranes with high spatial resolution and sufficient contrast to delineate them from hyperintense CSF preoperatively and postoperatively. The images were largely unaffected by artifacts. Surgery confirmed the presence of arachnoid adhesions in the upper thoracic spine. Not all arachnoid membranes that were seen on cine balanced-FFE sequences caused significant spinal CSF flow blockages in cardiac-gated phase-contrast CSF flow studies. In conclusion, retrospectively cardiac-gated cine SSFP MRI may become a valuable tool for the preoperative detection of arachnoid adhesions and the postoperative evaluation of microsurgical adhesiolysis in patients with idiopathic syringomyelia.

Gottschalk A; Schmitz B; Mauer UM; Bornstedt A; Steinhoff S; Danz B; Schlötzer W; Rasche V

2010-07-01

156

Craniopagus twins: Neuroradiological findings (CT, angiography, MRI)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A pair of craniopagus twins was examined with CT, angiography and MRI, to preoperatively assess their cerebral anatomy and blood flow. Angiography revealed a common venous sinus and a venous cross-flow from one brain to the other. This common sinus was also identified in magnetic resonance images. The significance of accurately evaluating the veins and sinuses in craniopagus twins is stressed.

Schindler, E.; Hajek, P.

1988-02-01

157

CT and MRI findings of cardiac echinococcosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Fifteen patients (8 males and 7 females, 15-56 years old) with primary or secondary hydatid disease involving the heart were examined by radiography, CT and/or MRI. MRI was done with a 1.5 T machine (Picker) in 11 cases and a 0.5 T machine (Philips) in 4 cases using ECG-gated T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo pulse sequences. Transaxial sections were combined with at least one more plane (coronal and/or sagittal) and intermediate views if the need for further information was anticipated. In 4 patients primary cardiac echinococcal cysts were found, localised to the left ventricle/pericardium/interventricular septum in 2 cases and to the left atrium/pericardium and right atrium/pericardium in 1 case each. In 11 of 15 cases there was secondary involvement of the heart by echinococcal cysts primarily arising in the lung parenchyma (n = 6), mediastinum (n = 3) and by transdiaphragmatic extension from the liver and abdomen (n = 2). CT was superior to MRI in visualising calcifications. However, ECG-gated MRI of cardiac hydatid disease appears to be the method of choice for specific diagnosis and exact assessment of hydatid cysts and their correlation with cardiac structures. (orig.)

1995-01-01

158

MRI findings in a rottweiler with leukoencephalomyelopathy.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 22 mo old male rottweiler presented with a 1 mo progressive history of general proprioceptive ataxia and upper motor neuron tetraparesis. Neurologic examination was consistent with a lesion affecting the first through fifth cervical spinal cord segments. MRI disclosed bilaterally symmetric hyperintensities on T2-weighted (T2W) images in the crus cerebri and pyramidal tracts of the brain and the dorsal portion of the lateral funiculi of the cervical spinal cord. Fifty days after initial presentation, the dog was euthanized due to disease progression. Pathologic examination of the central nervous system (CNS) revealed a bilaterally symmetric chronic leukoencephalomyelopathy (LEM) consistent with previous reports of LEM in rottweilers. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report to describe the MRI characteristics of LEM in the rottweiler. The topography of the changes observed with MRI paralleled the pathologic changes, which were widespread loss of myelin, decreased axon numbers, and astroglial proliferation. Consequently, MRI of the CNS of affected rottweilers may aid in establishing a presumptive antemortem diagnosis of LEM. PMID:23690496

Eagleson, Joseph S; Kent, Marc; Platt, Simon R; Rech, Raquel R; Howerth, Elizabeth W

2013-05-20

159

MRI findings in a rottweiler with leukoencephalomyelopathy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 22 mo old male rottweiler presented with a 1 mo progressive history of general proprioceptive ataxia and upper motor neuron tetraparesis. Neurologic examination was consistent with a lesion affecting the first through fifth cervical spinal cord segments. MRI disclosed bilaterally symmetric hyperintensities on T2-weighted (T2W) images in the crus cerebri and pyramidal tracts of the brain and the dorsal portion of the lateral funiculi of the cervical spinal cord. Fifty days after initial presentation, the dog was euthanized due to disease progression. Pathologic examination of the central nervous system (CNS) revealed a bilaterally symmetric chronic leukoencephalomyelopathy (LEM) consistent with previous reports of LEM in rottweilers. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report to describe the MRI characteristics of LEM in the rottweiler. The topography of the changes observed with MRI paralleled the pathologic changes, which were widespread loss of myelin, decreased axon numbers, and astroglial proliferation. Consequently, MRI of the CNS of affected rottweilers may aid in establishing a presumptive antemortem diagnosis of LEM.

Eagleson JS; Kent M; Platt SR; Rech RR; Howerth EW

2013-07-01

160

Neuroparacoccidioidomycosis (NPCM): magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns of the central nervous system (CNS) involvement by neuroparacoccidioidomycosis (NPCM). METHODS: Between January 1999 and March 2011, a review of MRI data analysis from 8 cases of NPCM was performed. The following MRI characteristics were examined by an experienced neuroradiologist: topography of lesions, aspects on T1- and T2-weighted images (WI), contrast enhancement, diffusion and spectroscopy. RESULTS: All patients had evidence of paracoccidioidomycosis infection outside the nervous system. Regarding CNS involvement, five patients had only supratentorial lesions; three had infra- and supratentorial ones. Meningeal extension occurred in three patients. The lesions were predominantly hyperintense on T1WI. At T2WI, a hypointense component was present in five cases as well as a perilesional abnormal white matter. A ring-enhancement pattern was seen in five cases. Spectroscopy was performed in three patients and showed an increased lipid peak in all of them. In one case, there was also an increased choline peak. CONCLUSION: NPCM is rare, and MRI may help its differentiation from other inflammatory lesions. However, the presence of active infection outside CNS and some imaging characteristics should point to this diagnosis.

Reis F; Collier PP; Souza TF; Lopes GP; Bronzatto E; Silva Junior NA; Pereira RM; Appenzeller S

2013-02-01

 
 
 
 
161

MRI findings in neuro-Behcet's disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AIM: To evaluate the pattern and site of involvement in neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with NBD were evaluated. Using 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), T1-weighted axial and sagittal images, gadolinium enhanced axial and coronal images and T2-weighted axial images were obtained. RESULTS: The brainstem, basal ganglia, cerebral white matter, internal capsule, thalamus and spinal cord were involved in eighteen, nine, nine, seven, six and two patients, respectively. In nine patients with cerebral white matter involvement, four had subcortical involvement and three had periventricular involvement, in addition to two patients with focal deep white matter lesions. Among the brainstem lesions, pons involvement was seen in fourteen patients, all had ventrally located lesions, and nine had tegmental involvement. Midbrain involvement was seen in fourteen patients; the cerebral peduncle was involved in 11 of these. Five patients had brainstem atrophy: two cases were demonstrated at initial MRI, the other three cases were seen on follow-up MRI. Pyramidal signs, the most common neurological signs, were demonstrated in fourteen patients. Follow-up MRI was obtained 10 days to 20 months after the initial MRI in eight cases; all showed changes in size, shape and site of involvement. After gadolinium enhancement, thirteen patients demonstrated mottled non-confluent enhancement in the brainstem (eight patients), posterior limb of the internal capsule (three patients), pachymeninges (two patients) and spinal cord (two patients). CONCLUSION: NBD manifests a reversible course, but chronic NBD may result in brainstem atrophy. Characteristic involvement along the corticospinal tract is well correlated with neurological signs. Lee, S. H. et al. (2001)

2001-01-01

162

Measurement of coronary flow response to cold pressor stress in asymptomatic women with cardiovascular risk factors using spiral velocity-encoded cine MRI at 3 Tesla  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background: Coronary sinus (CS) flow in response to a provocative stress has been used as a surrogate measure of coronary flow reserve, and velocity-encoded cine (VEC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an established technique for measuring CS flow. In this study, the cold pressor test (CPT) was used to measure CS flow response because it elicits an endothelium-dependent coronary vasodilation that may afford greater sensitivity for detecting early changes in coronary endothelial function. Purpose: To investigate the feasibility and reproducibility of CS flow reactivity (CSFR) to CPT using spiral VEC MRI at 3 Tesla in a sample of asymptomatic women with cardiovascular risk factors. Material and Methods: Fourteen asymptomatic women (age 38 years +- 10) with cardiovascular risk factors were studied using 3D spiral VEC MRI of the CS at 3 T. The CPT was utilized as a provocative stress to measure changes in CS flow. CSFR to CPT was calculated from the ratio of CS flow during peak stress to baseline CS flow. Results: CPT induced a significant hemodynamic response as measured by a 45% increase in rate-pressure product (P<0.01). A significant increase in CS volume flow was also observed (baseline, 116 +- 26 ml/min; peak stress, 152 +- 34 ml/min, P=0.01). CSFR to CPT was 1.31 +- 0.20. Test-retest variability of CS volume flow was 5% at baseline and 6% during peak stress. Conclusion: Spiral CS VEC MRI at 3 T is a feasible and reproducible technique for measuring CS flow in asymptomatic women at risk for cardiovascular disease. Significant changes in CSFR to CPT are detectable, without demanding pharmacologic stress

Maroules, Christopher D.; Peshock, Ronald M. (Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)), e-mail: Ron.Peshock@UTSouthwestern.edu; Chang, Alice Y.; Kontak, Andrew (Dept. of Internal Medicine, Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)); Dimitrov, Ivan; Kotys, Melanie (Dept. of Philips Medical Systems, Cleveland, OH (United States))

2010-05-15

163

MRI Findings of Pericardial Fat Necrosis: Case Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Pericardial fat necrosis is an infrequent cause of acute chest pain and this can mimic acute myocardial infarction and acute pericarditis. We describe here a patient with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of pericardial fat necrosis and this was correlated with the computed tomography (CT) findings. The MRI findings may be helpful for distinguishing pericardial fat necrosis from other causes of acute chest pain and from the fat-containing tumors in the cardiophrenic space of the anterior mediastinum.

Lee, Hyo Hyeok; Ryu, Dae Shick; Jung, Sang Sig; Jung, Seung Mun; Choi, Soo Jung; Shin, Dae Hee [Gangneung Asan Hospital, Ulsan University College of Medicine, Gangneung (Korea, Republic of)

2011-06-15

164

MRI Findings of Pericardial Fat Necrosis: Case Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Pericardial fat necrosis is an infrequent cause of acute chest pain and this can mimic acute myocardial infarction and acute pericarditis. We describe here a patient with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of pericardial fat necrosis and this was correlated with the computed tomography (CT) findings. The MRI findings may be helpful for distinguishing pericardial fat necrosis from other causes of acute chest pain and from the fat-containing tumors in the cardiophrenic space of the anterior mediastinum.

2011-01-01

165

Feasibility of high-dose dobutamine stress SSFP Cine MRI at 3 Tesla with patient adaptive local RF Shimming using dual-source RF transmission: initial results.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of high-dose dobutamine stress (HDDS) imaging using SSFP sequences at 3?T employing patient-adaptive local RF-shimming using a dual-source RF transmission system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 13 Patients underwent a HDDS protocol on a 3?T MRI scanner (Achieva 3.0T-TX, Philips Healthcare), equipped with a dual-source RF transmission system. SSFP cine sequences using patient-adaptive local RF-shimming (RF-S) were compared to cine images acquired without additional shimming. Image quality was evaluated on a 4-point grading scale and number of non-diagnostic segments assessed. Contrast (CN) between myocardium (SIM) and blood pool (SIB) was calculated [(SIB-SIM)/(SIB+SIM)]. RESULTS: Image quality both at rest and maximum stress was significantly improved with RF-S (ED:3.56±0.5 vs. 3.23±0.63; ES:3.4±0.5 vs. 3.1±0.7) compared to no RF-S (ED:2.9±0.72 vs. 2.15±0.78; ES:2.64±0.74 vs. 1.95±0.76; p<0.01). The amount of non-diagnostic segments was significantly reduced when using RF-S at rest and stress (3 vs. 39; 19 vs. 78, p<0.05). All HDDS studies were diagnostic if performed with RF-S (n=13/13) in comparison to conventional shimming (n=5/13). Image contrast was improved for SSFP sequences with RF-S (0.53±0.08) compared to conventional images (0.46±0.09, p=0.06). CONCLUSION: Patient-adaptive local RF-shimming using a dual-source RF transmission system allows for reliable SSFP imaging in a clinical high-dose dobutamine stress protocol at 3?T. RF-S significantly improves image quality and reduces the number of non-diagnostic myocardial segments.

Strach K; Clauberg R; Müller A; Wonneberger U; Naehle CP; Kouwenhoven M; Gieseke J; Schild HH; Thomas D

2013-01-01

166

CT and MRI findings of ameloblastoma in two cases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report CT and MRI findings in two patients with ameloblastoma. One case had a multilocular mixed lesion and the other had a unilocular solid pattern. The second case is probably one of the youngest reported. CT and MRI can be used to delineate and show the extent of the tumour. (orig.)

Cihangiroglu, M.; Akfirat, M.; Yildirim, H. [Department of Radiology, Firat University School of Medicine, Elazig (Turkey)

2002-05-01

167

CT and MRI findings of ameloblastoma in two cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report CT and MRI findings in two patients with ameloblastoma. One case had a multilocular mixed lesion and the other had a unilocular solid pattern. The second case is probably one of the youngest reported. CT and MRI can be used to delineate and show the extent of the tumour. (orig.)

2002-01-01

168

MRI findings of intracranial cystic meningiomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To report the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of intracranial cystic meningiomas and compare these features in intra- and peritumoural cyst groups. Materials and methods: Fourteen cases of peritumoural cystic meningiomas were compared with 18 cases of intratumoural cystic meningiomas. All patients were examined using non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Tumour location, tumour size, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, and cystic changes were assessed. The MRI features were compared between the intra- and peritumoural cyst groups. Results: Most cystic meningiomas comprised two or more cysts. The solid parts of the tumours showed moderate or marked enhancement after the injection of contrast material. An enhanced cyst wall was found in six out of 14 cases in the peritumoural cyst group, but not in the intratumoural cyst group. Peritumoural cystic meningiomas were predominately located in the cerebral falx, whereas the intratumoural cystic meningiomas were predominantly found in frontal convexity (X2 = 7.434, p = 0.024). The cysts were larger in the peritumoural cyst group than in the intratumoural cyst group (t = 5.274, p = 0.0258). Peritumoural oedema was more commonly found in the intratumoural cyst group (X2 = 6.863, p = 0.008). Cystic meningiomas with solid parts located inside the cyst are reported for the first time. Conclusion: Cystic meningiomas, although uncommon, should be differentiated from other cystic intracranial lesions. Peri- and intratumoural cystic meningiomas have distinct MRI features. The present study provides the first report of two lesions with solid parts located inside the cyst, as well as one lesion with a calcified solid nodule and haemorrhage within the cyst.

2009-01-01

169

MRI findings of intracranial cystic meningiomas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To report the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of intracranial cystic meningiomas and compare these features in intra- and peritumoural cyst groups. Materials and methods: Fourteen cases of peritumoural cystic meningiomas were compared with 18 cases of intratumoural cystic meningiomas. All patients were examined using non-enhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Tumour location, tumour size, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, and cystic changes were assessed. The MRI features were compared between the intra- and peritumoural cyst groups. Results: Most cystic meningiomas comprised two or more cysts. The solid parts of the tumours showed moderate or marked enhancement after the injection of contrast material. An enhanced cyst wall was found in six out of 14 cases in the peritumoural cyst group, but not in the intratumoural cyst group. Peritumoural cystic meningiomas were predominately located in the cerebral falx, whereas the intratumoural cystic meningiomas were predominantly found in frontal convexity (X{sup 2} = 7.434, p = 0.024). The cysts were larger in the peritumoural cyst group than in the intratumoural cyst group (t = 5.274, p = 0.0258). Peritumoural oedema was more commonly found in the intratumoural cyst group (X{sup 2} = 6.863, p = 0.008). Cystic meningiomas with solid parts located inside the cyst are reported for the first time. Conclusion: Cystic meningiomas, although uncommon, should be differentiated from other cystic intracranial lesions. Peri- and intratumoural cystic meningiomas have distinct MRI features. The present study provides the first report of two lesions with solid parts located inside the cyst, as well as one lesion with a calcified solid nodule and haemorrhage within the cyst.

Zhang, D. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hosptial, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Hu, L.-B. [Department of Radiology, Second People' s Hospital of ChongQing, ChongQing (China); Zhen, J.W. [Department of Radiology and Biomedical Engineering, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 (United States); Zou, L.-G. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hosptial, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Feng, X.-Y. [Department of Radiology, HuaShan Hosptial, Medical Center of FuDan University, ShangHai (China); Wang, W.-X. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hosptial, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Wen, L. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hosptial, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China)], E-mail: cqzdwl@yahoo.com.cn

2009-08-15

170

Pancreatic metastases: CT and MRI findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The pancreas is an unusual but occasionally favored site for metastases in patients with advanced malignancy. The pivotal role of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination in detecting the pancreatic mass and providing guidance to obtain a definitive tissue diagnosis is emphasized in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven patients with pancreatic metastases, 4 women and 7 men with a mean age of 62.45 years, were examined in a period of 5 years. All patients underwent CT examination and 3 patients were further evaluated by MRI. RESULTS: The primary malignancy was lung carcinoma in 7 patients, breast carcinoma in 3 patients and renal cell carcinoma in 1 patient. The pancreatic metastases were detected during initial staging in 4 cases and during follow-up in 7 cases. The type of metastases was solitary in 7 patients, multiple in 3 patients and diffuse in 1 patient, with rim or homogeneous enhancement. Seven patients had metastases to other organs. CT-guided biopsy was performed in 5 patients. CONCLUSION: Disparity in prognosis and management of patients with secondary pancreatic tumors makes detection and characterization of metastases to the pancreas an important goal of CT and MRI evaluation.

Tsitouridis I; Diamantopoulou A; Michaelides M; Arvanity M; Papaioannou S

2010-03-01

171

Unusual MRI findings in grey matter heteropia  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report unusual MRI patterns in patients with grey matter heterotopia. Standard T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo and inversion-recovery sequences were used in 22 patients presenting with seizures or developmental delay. The images were reviewed for signal change surrounding white matter and for atypical size, morphology or topography. We found 10 cases of subependymal heterotopias 11 of focal subcortical heterotopia and of diffuse subcortical heterotopia. On clinical or MRI grounds, 8 cases were considered unusual: 2 of the subependymal type, 2 of focal subcortical heterotopia with white matter abnormalities, 2 of focal subcortical heterotopia with no clinicoradiological correlation 1 of extensive hemispheric subcortical heterotopia and 1 of diffuse subcortical heterotopia confined to the frontal lobe. The classical classification of heterotopia enables easy radiological diagnosis even in cases with unusual patterns. In some cases, heterogeneity and high signal in surrounding white matter can be found. Cortical dysplasia is the most frequent associated malformation. (orig.) With 7 figs., 2 tabs., 10 refs.

Soto Ares, G.; Hamon-Kerautret, M.; Leclerc, X.; Pruvo, J.P. [Service de Neuroradiologie, Hopital Roger Salengro, CHRU, Lille (France); Houlette, C. [Service de Radiologie, CHRU, Rouen (France); Godefroy, O. [Service de Neurologie B, CHRU, Lille (France)

1998-02-01

172

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia: MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a heart muscle disorder of unknown cause that is characterized pathologically by fibrofatty replacement of the right ventricular myocardium. Clinical manifestations include structural and functional malformations of the right ventricle, electrocardiographic abnormalities, and presentation with ventricular tachycardias with left bundle branch pattern or sudden death. The disease is often familial with an autosomal inheritance. In addition to right ventricular dilatation, right ventricular aneurysms are typical deformities of ARVD and they are distributed in the so-called ''triangle of dysplasia'', i. e., right ventricular outflow tract, apex, and infundibulum. Ventricular aneurysms at these sites can be considered pathognomonic of ARVD. Another typical hallmark of ARVD is fibrofatty infiltration of the right ventricular free wall. These functional and morphologic characteristics are relevant to clinical imaging investigations such as contrast angiography, echocardiography, radionuclide angiography, ultrafast computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Among these techniques, MRI allows the clearest visualization of the heart, in particular because the right ventricle is involved, which is usually more difficult to explore with the other imaging modalities. Furthermore, MRI offers the specific advantage of visualizing adipose infiltration as a bright signal of the right ventricular myocardium. MRI provides the most important anatomic, functional, and morphologic criteria for diagnosis of ARVD within one single study. As a result, MRI appears to be the optimal imaging technique for detecting and following patients with clinical suspicion of ARVD. (orig.) [German] Die arrhythmogene rechtsventrikulaere Dysplasie (ARVD), eine Herzmuskelerkrankung unklarer Aetiologie, ist pathologisch durch fettige Degeneration des rechtsventrikulaeren Myokards gekennzeichnet. Die klinischen Symptome umfassen strukturelle und funktionelle Malformationen des rechten Ventrikels, krankhafte elektrokardiographische Befunde und das Auftreten ventrikulaerer Tachykardien mit Linksschenkelblock oder ploetzlichem Herztod. Die Krankheit tritt familiaer gehaeuft auf und wird autosomal vererbt. Neben der rechtsventrikulaeren Dilatation stellen rechtsventrikulaere Aneurysmen typische Fehlbildungen bei ARVD dar. Sie sind im so genannten ''Dysplasiedreieck'', das heisst rechtem ventrikulaerem Ausflusstrakt, Herzspitze und Infundibulum, verteilt. Dort lokalisierte ventriku-laere Aneurysmen koennen als pathognomonisch fuer die ARVD angesehen werden. Ein weiteres typisches Merkmal der ARVD ist die fettige Degeneration der freien rechten Ventrikelwand. Diese funktionellen und strukturellen Charakteristika sind bei der klinischen Untersuchung mit bildgebenden Verfahren wie Kontrastangiographie, Echokardiographie, Radionuklidangiographie, ultraschneller Computertomographie und Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) von Bedeutung. Unter diesen Verfahren erlaubt die MRT die deutlichste Darstellung des Herzens, insbesondere bei Beteiligung des rechten Ventrikels, der sich mit den anderen bildgebenden Methoden in der Regel schwerer untersuchen laesst. Darueber hinaus bietet die MRT den wesentlichen Vorteil der Darstellung der fettigen Degeneration als helles Signal im rechtsventrikulaeren Myokard. Die MRT liefert die wichtigsten anatomischen,m funktionellen und morphologischen Kriterien zur Diagnose einer ARVD in einem einzigen Untersuchungsgang. Daher scheint sie das beste bildgebende Verfahren zur Identifizierung und Nachsorge von Patienten mit klinischem Verdacht auf ARVD zu sein. (orig.)

Wall, E.E. van der; Bootsma, M.M.; Schalij, M.J. [Dept. of Cardiology, Leiden Univ. Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Kayser, H.W.M.; Roos, A. de [Dept. of Radiology, Leiden Univ. Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands)

2000-06-01

173

Solitary infantile choriocarcinoma of the liver: MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Infantile hepatic choriocarcinoma is a rare, highly malignant germ-cell tumour believed to result from a choriocarcinoma of the placenta that spreads to the child. Most infants present with a characteristic clinical picture of anaemia, hepatomegaly and precocious puberty. Imaging findings, including conventional MRI, may be non-specific. To improve the accuracy of diagnosis, we present the imaging findings of contrast-enhanced dynamic MRI in a 4.5-month-old boy with infantile hepatic choriocarcinoma. (orig.)

Hoef, Marianne van der; Willi, Ulrich V.; Huisman, Thierry A.G.M. [University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Zurich (Switzerland); Niggli, Felix K. [University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Department of Paediatrics, Zurich (Switzerland)

2004-10-01

174

Transdural spinal cord herniation: pre- and postoperative MRI findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Idiopathic transdural spinal cord herniation (ICSH), a rare condition which may cause progressive myelopathy, can be diagnosed preoperatively by MRI. Surgical treatment usually results in the resolution of symptoms and, thus, familiarity with the imaging findings in this condition impacts patient management. We present the case of a 36-year-old woman in whom the initial MRI findings were thought to be consistent with only an arachnoid cyst compressing the spinal cord. After surgery, her symptoms remained unchanged, and a repeat MRI study was interpreted as being compatible with a transdural spinal cord herniation. Repeated surgery with reduction of the herniation resulted in significant clinical improvement. PMID:15967323

Karadeniz-Bilgili, Mirace Yasemin; Castillo, Mauricio; Bernard, Estrada

175

Transdural spinal cord herniation: pre- and postoperative MRI findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Idiopathic transdural spinal cord herniation (ICSH), a rare condition which may cause progressive myelopathy, can be diagnosed preoperatively by MRI. Surgical treatment usually results in the resolution of symptoms and, thus, familiarity with the imaging findings in this condition impacts patient management. We present the case of a 36-year-old woman in whom the initial MRI findings were thought to be consistent with only an arachnoid cyst compressing the spinal cord. After surgery, her symptoms remained unchanged, and a repeat MRI study was interpreted as being compatible with a transdural spinal cord herniation. Repeated surgery with reduction of the herniation resulted in significant clinical improvement.

Karadeniz-Bilgili MY; Castillo M; Bernard E

2005-07-01

176

MRI findings of fetal cleft lip and palate  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the MR findings of fetal cleft lip (CL) and evaluate the advantages and limitations of MRI in the diagnosis. Methods: Twelve pregnant women suspicious of fetal CL/cleft palate (CP) on ultrasonography were enrolled in the study. The findings of ultrasonography, MRI and following-up were compared. Results: MRI and ultrasonography detected 12 fetuses with CL/CP. The following-up results showed 1 case with incomplete cleft lip and the other 11 cases with complete cleft lips and cleft palates. MRI and unltrasonography were consistent with the follow-up in CL detection, showing completed or uncompleted soft tissue interruption of the fetal lips with amniotic fluid filling which is high signal on T2WI. On MRI, CP showed discontinuous of the soft tissue which were interrupted by long T2 signal and communicating with oral cavity ad nasal cavity. MRI missed 1 case and excluded 1 case of CP. Ultrasonography predicted 5 case of CL, excluded 1 CP but missed 6 cases. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity in detection CL/CP was 91.7% (11/12), 90.9% (10/11), 100% (1/1) for MRI and 50.0% (6/12), 45.5% (5/11), 100% (1/1) for ultrasonography, respectively. Conclusion: MR imaging had advantage over ultrasonography in detecting CP, MRI is an essential when CP is suspicious on ultrasonography. (authors)

2010-01-01

177

Osmotic demyelination syndrome with a dysequilibrium syndrome: reversible MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Neurological disorders may be seen in end-stage renal disease patients due to uraemia or to complications of dialysis. A dysequilibrium syndrome may be seen, usually soon after or towards the end of haemodialysis. This group of patients has no particular findings on MRI. On the other hand, the osmotic demyelination syndrome has definitive MRI findings, not to date reported with the dysequilibrium syndrome. We report a patient with end-stage renal disease and the dysequilibrium syndrome who showed findings of osmotic demyelination on MRI. The patient had a convulsion after a first haemodialysis, with quadriparesis and hyperactive deep tendon reflexes and bilateral Babinski signs. The upper motor neurone signs lasted for a week. Meanwhile, he was also dysarthric and had dysphagia. He recovered neurologically without any residuum following appropriate treatment and there was improvement on MRI. (orig.) With 3 figs., 11 refs.

Agildere, A.M.; Coskun, M.; Boyvat, F. [Baskent University Medical School Hospital, Radiology Department, Ankara (Turkey); Benli, S. [Baskent University Medical School Hospital, Neurology Department, Ankara (Turkey); Erten, Y.; Oezdemir, N. [Baskent University Medical School Hospital, Nephrology Department, Ankara (Turkey)

1998-04-01

178

MRI findings in an adolescent with type I citrullinaemia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Citrullinaemia is a rare inborn error of urea cycle metabolism. We describe the MRI findings in a 16-year-old boy with type I citrullinaemia during an episode of acute hyperammonaemic encephalopathy and compare them to his previous follow-up MRI studies. MRI revealed bilateral high signal intensity in the cingulate, perirolandic, parietal and temporoinsular cortex, the subcortical white matter and left thalamus. Diffusion-weighted imaging showed high signal intensity and low apparent diffusion coefficient values in the frontoparietal lobes. To our knowledge, MRI findings in an adolescent with type I citrullinaemia have not been previously reported. Since our patient's neuroradiological findings showed greater similarity to type II citrullinaemia, we think his brain injury during this acute episode was probably age-related and independent of the type of citrullinaemia. (orig.)

2008-01-01

179

MRI findings in an adolescent with type I citrullinaemia  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Citrullinaemia is a rare inborn error of urea cycle metabolism. We describe the MRI findings in a 16-year-old boy with type I citrullinaemia during an episode of acute hyperammonaemic encephalopathy and compare them to his previous follow-up MRI studies. MRI revealed bilateral high signal intensity in the cingulate, perirolandic, parietal and temporoinsular cortex, the subcortical white matter and left thalamus. Diffusion-weighted imaging showed high signal intensity and low apparent diffusion coefficient values in the frontoparietal lobes. To our knowledge, MRI findings in an adolescent with type I citrullinaemia have not been previously reported. Since our patient's neuroradiological findings showed greater similarity to type II citrullinaemia, we think his brain injury during this acute episode was probably age-related and independent of the type of citrullinaemia. (orig.)

Longo, Daniela; Delfino, Luciana; Fariello, Giuseppe [Bambino Gesu Children' s Hospital, Department of Paediatric Radiology, Rome (Italy); Genovese, Elisabetta; Cannata, Vittorio [Bambino Gesu Children' s Hospital, Department of Medical Direction/Medical Physics, Rome (Italy); Deodato, Federica; Dionisi-Vici, Carlo [Bambino Gesu Children' s Hospital, Division of Metabolism, Department of Neuroscience, Rome (Italy); Goffredo, Bianca [Bambino Gesu Children' s Hospital, Laboratory, Rome (Italy)

2008-02-15

180

Pathological findings correlated with MRI in HIV infection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MRI forms an important part of the assessment of patients with HIV-related disease presenting with cerebral symptoms. Eleven formalin-fixed brains were studied at 0.5 T using T2- and T1-weighted sequences. In two cases of progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy and one case each of toxoplasmosis and lymphoma, the extent of white matter abnormality seen on MRI corresponded broadly with that on pathological examination. In general, however, histological changes were more frequent than lesions on MRI. Cases in wich abnormalities were not seen with standard MRI included those with multiple tuberculous granulomata, multinucleate giant cells, microglial nodules, perivascular cuffing and cytomegalovirus inclusions. A common finding on MRI was punctate or patchy high signal in the basal ganglia on T2-weighted scans, seen in six cases. Corresponding histological changes included calcification of vessels with widened perivascular spaces, and mineralised neurones. (orig.).

1993-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Reliability of MRI findings in candidates for lumbar disc prosthesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Limited reliability data exist for localised magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings relevant to planning of treatment with lumbar disc prosthesis and later outcomes. We assessed the reliability of such findings in chronic low back pain patients who were accepted candidates for disc prosthesis. On pretreatment MRI of 170 patients (mean age 41 years; 88 women), three experienced radiologists independently rated Modic changes, disc findings and facet arthropathy at L3/L4, L4/L5 and L5/S1. Two radiologists rerated 126 examinations. For each MRI finding at each disc level, agreement was analysed using the kappa statistic and differences in prevalence across observers using a fixed effects model. All findings at L3/L4 and facet arthropathy at L5/S1 had a mean prevalence

2012-01-01

182

Intracranial tuberculosis in AIDS: CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

CT and MRI findings in 35 patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and proven intracranial tuberculosis (TB) are presented. Over 90% of the patients were intravenous drug abusers and in two-thirds TB was the first manifestation of AIDS. CT was normal in one quarter, the most frequent findings being hydrocephalus (51%) and meningeal enhancement (41%), commonly seen together (31.5%). Meningeal enhancement was seen in 48% of the CT studies with intravenous contrast medium and in 3 cases studied with MRI and iv gadolinium DPTA, in 2 of which CT was negative. Parenchymal involvement was found in 37% of cases; MRI was more sensitive than CT for its detection. One quarter of the patients had ischaemic lesions, mainly in the basal ganglia. We confirm the usefulness of CT and the superiority of MRI in the diagnosis of intracranial TB and in differential diagnosis from other conditions likely to be found in these patients. (orig.).

Villoria, M.F.; Torre, J. de la; Fortea, F.; Munoz, L.; Hernandez, T.; Alarcon, J.J. (Hospital General Gregorio Maranon, Madrid (Spain). Dept. of Neuroradiology)

1992-02-01

183

Cognitive dysfunction, MRI findings and manganese levels in alcoholics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Alcoholic patients have been known to have brain atrophy and cognitive dysfunction. However, recent studies have reported bilateral signal hyperintensities of the globus pallidus on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in liver failure, findings that are typically associated with manganese intoxication. The present study compared brain atrophy on T1-weighted MRI, signal intensity ratios of the globus pallidus on T1-weighted MRI, whole blood manganese levels, and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) IQ parameters between alcoholics with and without liver cirrhosis, to investigate cognitive dysfunction, MRI findings and manganese levels in alcoholics. Pallidal hyperintensity was visually identified in 80% of alcoholic patients with liver cirrhosis. In addition, a significant correlation was seen between pallidal signal intensity (P.S.I.) ratio and blood manganese level. However, no significant correlations were found between pallidal signal intensity ratio and any of the WAIS-R parameters. These findings suggest that no direct connection exists between cognitive dysfunction and pallidal hyperintensity in alcoholic patients with liver cirrhosis. We confirmed that brain MRI in alcoholics could detect pallidal signal hyperintensity, suggesting severe liver dysfunction. In addition to diagnosis, brain MRI is useful for therapeutic psychoeducation to alcoholic patients with liver cirrhosis, visualizing the severe liver dysfunction. (author)

Itoh, Tsutomu; Nakane, Yoshibumi [Nagasaki Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Takahashi, Katsurou; Shimanaga, Masaki [National Nagasaki Medical Center, Omura (Japan)

2002-12-01

184

Cognitive dysfunction, MRI findings and manganese levels in alcoholics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Alcoholic patients have been known to have brain atrophy and cognitive dysfunction. However, recent studies have reported bilateral signal hyperintensities of the globus pallidus on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in liver failure, findings that are typically associated with manganese intoxication. The present study compared brain atrophy on T1-weighted MRI, signal intensity ratios of the globus pallidus on T1-weighted MRI, whole blood manganese levels, and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) IQ parameters between alcoholics with and without liver cirrhosis, to investigate cognitive dysfunction, MRI findings and manganese levels in alcoholics. Pallidal hyperintensity was visually identified in 80% of alcoholic patients with liver cirrhosis. In addition, a significant correlation was seen between pallidal signal intensity (P.S.I.) ratio and blood manganese level. However, no significant correlations were found between pallidal signal intensity ratio and any of the WAIS-R parameters. These findings suggest that no direct connection exists between cognitive dysfunction and pallidal hyperintensity in alcoholic patients with liver cirrhosis. We confirmed that brain MRI in alcoholics could detect pallidal signal hyperintensity, suggesting severe liver dysfunction. In addition to diagnosis, brain MRI is useful for therapeutic psychoeducation to alcoholic patients with liver cirrhosis, visualizing the severe liver dysfunction. (author)

2002-01-01

185

MRI findings of herpes simplex encephalitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We retrospectively analyzed the MR findings of 12 patients with herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) (8 months - 64 years old). MR imaging was performed on either a 0.5T (6 patients) or 2.0T (6 patients) superconducting unit with spin echo pulse sequences. The most common and characteristic MR finding consisted of non-hemorrhagic lesions in the cortices of the temporal lobes(12), and insular(6), either bilateral(7) or unilateral(5). The frontal lobe and cingulate gyrus were involved in 4 and 2 patients respectively. Petechial hemorrhage was found in 3 patients. Non-hemorrhagic lesions were shown as high signal intensities on proton and T2WI, and iso- or low signal intensities on T1WI. In conclusion, MR imaging findings described above appear to be characteristic of HSE and were found to be extremely valuable in the diagnosis of HSE

1992-01-01

186

Cine phase-contrast MRI measurement of CSF flow in the cervical spine: a pilot study in patients with spinal cord injury  

Science.gov (United States)

MRI velocimetry (also known as phase-contrast MRI) is a powerful tool for quantification of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow in various regions of the brain and craniospinal junction and has been accepted as a diagnostic tool to assist with the diagnosis of certain conditions such as hydrocephalus and chiari malformations. Cerebrospinal fluid is continually produced in the ventricles of the brain, flows through the ventricular system and then out and around the brain and spinal cord and is reabsorbed over the convexity of the brain. Any disease process which either impedes the normal pattern of flow or restricts the area where flow occurs can change the pattern of these waveforms with the direction and velocity of flow being determined by the pressure transmitted from the pulsation of the heart and circulation of blood within the central nervous system. Therefore, we hypothesized that phase-contrast MRI could eventually be used as a diagnostic aid in determining the degree of spinal cord compression following injury to the cervical or thoracic spine. In this study, we examined CSF flow in 3 normal subjects and 2 subjects with non-acute injuries in the cervical spine using Cine phasecontrast MRI. CSF flow analysis was performed using an in-house developed software. The flow waveform was calculated in both normal subjects (n=3) as well as subjects with spinal cord injury in the cervical spine (n=2). The bulk flow at C2 was measured to be 0.30 +/- 0.05 cc, at 5 cm distal to C2, it was 0.19+/- 0.07 cc, and at 10 cm distal to C2, it was 0.17+/- 0.05 cc. These results were in good agreement with previously published results. In patients with spinal cord injury, at the site of injury in the cervical spine, bulk flow was found to be 0.08 +/- 0.12 cc, at 5 cm proximal to the site of injury it was found to be 0.18 +/- 0.07 cc, and at 5 cm distal to the site of injury, it was found to be 0.12 +/- 0.01 cc.

Negahdar, Mj; Shakeri, M.; McDowell, E.; Wells, J.; Vitaz, T.; Harkema, S.; Amini, A.

2011-03-01

187

Muscle hernias of the lower leg: MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Muscle hernias of the lower leg involving the tibialis anterior, peroneus brevis, and lateral head of the gastrocnemius were found in three different patients. MRI findings allowed recognition of herniated muscle in all cases and identification of fascial defect in two of them. MR imaging findings and the value of dynamic MR imaging is emphasized. (orig.) With 3 figs., 10 refs.

Mellado, J.M. [Radiology Department, Hospital Virgen de la Cinta, Tortosa, Tarragona (Spain)]|[IDI - Centre Tarragona, Ressonancia Magnetica, Hospital Joan XXIII, Tarragona (Spain); Perez del Palomar, L. [Radiology Department, Hospital Virgen de la Cinta, Tortosa, Tarragona (Spain)

1999-08-01

188

Muscle hernias of the lower leg: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Muscle hernias of the lower leg involving the tibialis anterior, peroneus brevis, and lateral head of the gastrocnemius were found in three different patients. MRI findings allowed recognition of herniated muscle in all cases and identification of fascial defect in two of them. MR imaging findings and the value of dynamic MR imaging is emphasized. (orig.)

1999-01-01

189

The MRI findings of skull tuberculosis: a case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The incidence of skull tuberculosis is very rare, with only a few cases reported as a result of a simple radiography and computed tomographic findings. In this study, we report the magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of a case of skull tuberculosis, which was confirmed histologically.

Kang, Myong Jin; Cho, Jin Han; Choi, Sun Seob; Yoon, Seong Kuk; Kim, Ki Nam; Lee, Jin Hwa [College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

2008-01-15

190

Clinical and MRI Findings in Acute Cerebellitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Acute cerebellitis is an inflammatory syndrome characterized by cerebellar dysfunction with acute onset. Here, the clinical findings, conventional and diffusion-weighted MR imaging features of five cases are reported. The most common clinical findings were headache, vertigo, nausea and vomiting. Neurological examination revealed cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysmetria and dysdiadokinesia. Analysis of the CSF showed an elevated protein content and pleocytosis. Bilateral cerebellar cortical involvement and leptomeningeal enhancement along the folia represent the most common imaging presentations. Diffusion- weighted MR imaging showed restricted diffusion in two patients. In one patient, diffusion- weighted MR imaging did not show restricted diffusion. All patients were treated medically. Additionally, external ventricular drainage was performed in one patient. Follow-up MR imaging revealed cerebellar atrophy in 1 patient and gliosis in 2 patients. Two patients completely resolved after medical therapy. In conclusion, brain MR imaging and diffusion- weighted MR imaging are valuable imaging methods in diagnosis of cerebellitis, assessment of complications and sequel lesions.

Özlem ALKAN; Meliha TAN; Yusuf Ziya DEM?RO?LU; Naime TOKMAK; ?enay DEM?R; Tülin YILDIRIM

2009-01-01

191

The value of MRI findings in augmented mammoplasty  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of augmentation mammography includes reconstruction and cosmesis after breast surgery. Increasing frequency of the procedure has been related with increased complications. Authors evaluated the value of breast MRI in the diagnosis of complications after augmentation mammoplasty. Authors studied 42 breasts of 24 patients, who had undertaken augmentation mammoplasty. We evaluated findings of mammography, ultrasonography, and breast MRI in all patients. We used variable MRI sequences for better evaluation of implant status. The results were compared with the findings in surgical field. In all imaging studies, nodule or mass was identifiable in the cases of interstitial paraffine injection (8 breasts), interstitial silicon injection (7 breasts), and herb medication (2 breasts). However, the differentiation between malignant and benign nodule was only possible at dynamic breast MRI. Mammogram was not helpful in the evaluation of extracapsular rupture in the cases of silastic bag insertion. In sonogram, identification of echogenic material was possible, although, false negative and false positive rate were high. MRI was able to visualize contour of entire implant and it was able to easily recognize low signal internal structure. MRI was the most accurate diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the character of the palpable mass after augmentation mammoplasty and early detection of breast implant rupture.

Yoon, Sang Wook; Oh, Ki Keun; Jung, Eun Ki; Kim, Ji Hyung [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1995-04-15

192

The value of MRI findings in augmented mammoplasty  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of augmentation mammography includes reconstruction and cosmesis after breast surgery. Increasing frequency of the procedure has been related with increased complications. Authors evaluated the value of breast MRI in the diagnosis of complications after augmentation mammoplasty. Authors studied 42 breasts of 24 patients, who had undertaken augmentation mammoplasty. We evaluated findings of mammography, ultrasonography, and breast MRI in all patients. We used variable MRI sequences for better evaluation of implant status. The results were compared with the findings in surgical field. In all imaging studies, nodule or mass was identifiable in the cases of interstitial paraffine injection (8 breasts), interstitial silicon injection (7 breasts), and herb medication (2 breasts). However, the differentiation between malignant and benign nodule was only possible at dynamic breast MRI. Mammogram was not helpful in the evaluation of extracapsular rupture in the cases of silastic bag insertion. In sonogram, identification of echogenic material was possible, although, false negative and false positive rate were high. MRI was able to visualize contour of entire implant and it was able to easily recognize low signal internal structure. MRI was the most accurate diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the character of the palpable mass after augmentation mammoplasty and early detection of breast implant rupture.

1995-01-01

193

MRI findings associated with luxatio erecta humeri  

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Luxatio erecta humeri is a rare type of inferior glenohumeral dislocation with a unique radiographic appearance; however, the magnetic resonance imaging findings associated with this dislocation have not been described in the radiology literature. The purpose of this study is to identify magnetic resonance imaging findings associated with this uncommon type of glenohumeral dislocation. The magnetic resonance imaging features of four patients with clinical and radiographic evidence of luxatio erecta humeri were reviewed retrospectively by two musculoskeletal-trained radiologists. The reported mechanism of injury in all four patients was falling. The MR imaging examinations were evaluated for the presence of rotator cuff and biceps tendon pathology, glenoid labrum pathology, joint capsule and glenohumeral ligament injury, fractures and bone marrow contusions, articular cartilage injury, and joint effusions. All four patients demonstrated pathology of the glenohumeral joint. Three of the four patients demonstrated rotator cuff tears, including large full thickness tears of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons in two patients, and small full thickness tear of the supraspinatus tendon with partial thickness tear of the infraspinatus tendon in the third patient. In the two patients with large full thickness tears of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons, one patient demonstrated tearing of the subscapularis tendon with dislocation of a partially torn long head of the biceps tendon, and the second patient demonstrated full thickness tearing of the intra-articular biceps tendon. All four patients demonstrated injuries to the glenoid labrum and both anterior and posterior bands of the inferior glenohumeral ligament. Contusions or fractures of the humeral head were seen in two of the patients. Three of the four patients demonstrated cartilage abnormalities including a focal cartilage defect in the anterior inferior glenoid in one patient, and cartilage surface irregularity of the glenoid in the other two patients. Common magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with a prior luxatio erecta humeri dislocation include rotator cuff tears, injury to the glenoid labrum, and injury to both the anterior and posterior bands of the inferior glenohumeral ligament. These findings are compatible with the mechanism of dislocation in luxatio erecta, and noting these findings on magnetic resonance imaging may suggest that the patient has sustained a prior inferiorly directed glenohumeral dislocation such as luxatio erecta. (orig.)

Krug, David K.; Vinson, Emily N.; Helms, Clyde A. [Duke University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Box 3808, Durham, NC (United States)

2010-01-15

194

MRI findings associated with luxatio erecta humeri  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Luxatio erecta humeri is a rare type of inferior glenohumeral dislocation with a unique radiographic appearance; however, the magnetic resonance imaging findings associated with this dislocation have not been described in the radiology literature. The purpose of this study is to identify magnetic resonance imaging findings associated with this uncommon type of glenohumeral dislocation. The magnetic resonance imaging features of four patients with clinical and radiographic evidence of luxatio erecta humeri were reviewed retrospectively by two musculoskeletal-trained radiologists. The reported mechanism of injury in all four patients was falling. The MR imaging examinations were evaluated for the presence of rotator cuff and biceps tendon pathology, glenoid labrum pathology, joint capsule and glenohumeral ligament injury, fractures and bone marrow contusions, articular cartilage injury, and joint effusions. All four patients demonstrated pathology of the glenohumeral joint. Three of the four patients demonstrated rotator cuff tears, including large full thickness tears of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons in two patients, and small full thickness tear of the supraspinatus tendon with partial thickness tear of the infraspinatus tendon in the third patient. In the two patients with large full thickness tears of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons, one patient demonstrated tearing of the subscapularis tendon with dislocation of a partially torn long head of the biceps tendon, and the second patient demonstrated full thickness tearing of the intra-articular biceps tendon. All four patients demonstrated injuries to the glenoid labrum and both anterior and posterior bands of the inferior glenohumeral ligament. Contusions or fractures of the humeral head were seen in two of the patients. Three of the four patients demonstrated cartilage abnormalities including a focal cartilage defect in the anterior inferior glenoid in one patient, and cartilage surface irregularity of the glenoid in the other two patients. Common magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with a prior luxatio erecta humeri dislocation include rotator cuff tears, injury to the glenoid labrum, and injury to both the anterior and posterior bands of the inferior glenohumeral ligament. These findings are compatible with the mechanism of dislocation in luxatio erecta, and noting these findings on magnetic resonance imaging may suggest that the patient has sustained a prior inferiorly directed glenohumeral dislocation such as luxatio erecta. (orig.)

2010-01-01

195

Neonatal asphyxia: early MRI findings and its correlation with prognosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the early MRI findings of neonatal asphyxia and its correlation with prognosis. Methods: Early MRI findings of neonatal asphyxia in 80 cases and follow-up MRI findings in 26 cases were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Fifteen patients had normal MR findings (group A), and the remaining 65 patients were divided into four groups based on patterns of injury: small area of brain edema in 12 cases (group B); streak-like and spotty hyperintensities in 8 cases on T1WI (group C); large area of brain edema in 12 cases (group D); and mixed injury pattern in 33 cases (group E). Follow-up MRI scans in group A (3 cases), B (5 cases) and C(5 cases) were performed, and only 1 case in group C showed abnormalities. Follow-up scans in 4 cases of group D revealed abnormalities, and 7 out of 9 cases in group E found abnormalities. Conclusion: MRI can show the brain damage in asphyxiated neonates objectively during the first week of life, and estimate the prognosis at the early stage

2002-01-01

196

MRI findings of traumatic spinal subdural hematoma  

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To describe the MR imaging findings of traumatic spinal subdural hematoma. We retrospectively reviewed the MR images of six patients, with symptoms of acute spinal cord or cauda equena compression after trauma, together with spinal subdural hematoma. We analyzed the extent, location, configuration and signal intensity of the lesions. In five of sex cases, hematomas were distributed extensively throughout the thoracolumbosacral or lumbosacral spinal levels. In five cases they were located in the dorsal portion of the thecal sac, and in one case, in the ventral portion. On axial images, hematomas showed a concave or convex contour, depending on the amount of loculated hematoma. A lobulated appearance was due to limitation of free extension of the hematoma within the subdural space at the lateral sites (nerve root exist zone) at whole spine levels, and at the posteromedian site under lumbar 4-5 levels. In cases of spinal subdural hematoma, the lobulated appearance of hematoma loculation in the subdural space that bounds the lateral sites at al spinal levels and at the posteromedian site under L4-5 levels is a characteristic finding. (author)

Jeong, Hyeon Jo; Baek, Jung Hwan; Kim, Yun Suk; Jeong, Sun Ok; Park, Hyun Joo; Jo, Jin Man [Dae rim St. Mary' s Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Tae [Inha General Hospital, Inchon (Korea, Republic of)

2000-04-01

197

MRI findings of traumatic spinal subdural hematoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] To describe the MR imaging findings of traumatic spinal subdural hematoma. We retrospectively reviewed the MR images of six patients, with symptoms of acute spinal cord or cauda equena compression after trauma, together with spinal subdural hematoma. We analyzed the extent, location, configuration and signal intensity of the lesions. In five of sex cases, hematomas were distributed extensively throughout the thoracolumbosacral or lumbosacral spinal levels. In five cases they were located in the dorsal portion of the thecal sac, and in one case, in the ventral portion. On axial images, hematomas showed a concave or convex contour, depending on the amount of loculated hematoma. A lobulated appearance was due to limitation of free extension of the hematoma within the subdural space at the lateral sites (nerve root exist zone) at whole spine levels, and at the posteromedian site under lumbar 4-5 levels. In cases of spinal subdural hematoma, the lobulated appearance of hematoma loculation in the subdural space that bounds the lateral sites at al spinal levels and at the posteromedian site under L4-5 levels is a characteristic finding. (author)

2000-01-01

198

Reliability of MRI findings in candidates for lumbar disc prosthesis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Limited reliability data exist for localised magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings relevant to planning of treatment with lumbar disc prosthesis and later outcomes. We assessed the reliability of such findings in chronic low back pain patients who were accepted candidates for disc prosthesis. On pretreatment MRI of 170 patients (mean age 41 years; 88 women), three experienced radiologists independently rated Modic changes, disc findings and facet arthropathy at L3/L4, L4/L5 and L5/S1. Two radiologists rerated 126 examinations. For each MRI finding at each disc level, agreement was analysed using the kappa statistic and differences in prevalence across observers using a fixed effects model. All findings at L3/L4 and facet arthropathy at L5/S1 had a mean prevalence <10% across observers and were not further analysed, ensuring interpretable kappa values. Overall interobserver agreement was generally moderate or good (kappa 0.40-0.77) at L4-S1 for Modic changes, nucleus pulposus signal, disc height (subjective and measured), posterior high-intensity zone (HIZ) and disc contour, and fair (kappa 0.24) at L4/L5 for facet arthropathy. Posterior HIZ at L5/S1 and severely reduced subjective disc height at L4/L5 differed up to threefold in prevalence between observers (p < 0.0001). Intraobserver agreement was mostly good or very good (kappa 0.60-1.00). In candidates for disc prosthesis, mostly moderate interobserver agreement is expected for localised MRI findings. (orig.)

Berg, Linda; Espeland, Ansgar [Haukeland University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bergen (Norway); University of Bergen, Section for Radiology, Department of Surgical Sciences, Bergen (Norway); Neckelmann, Gesche [Haukeland University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bergen (Norway); Gjertsen, Oeivind [Oslo University Hospital, Department of Neuroradiology, Oslo (Norway); Hellum, Christian [Oslo University Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics, Oslo (Norway); University of Oslo, Department of Orthopaedics, Oslo (Norway); Johnsen, Lars G. [University Hospital of Trondheim, National Centre for Diseases of the Spine, Trondheim (Norway); University Hospital of Trondheim, Orthopaedic Department, Trondheim (Norway); Eide, Geir E. [Haukeland University Hospital, Centre for Clinical Research, Bergen (Norway); University of Bergen, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Bergen (Norway)

2012-07-15

199

Cine club  

CERN Multimedia

Monday 13 December 2010 at 18:30 / Lundi 13 Décembre 2010 à 18:30 CERN Main Auditorium / Amphithéâtre Principal Comme chaque année avant Noël, le CINE-CLUB du CERN est heureux d’inviter petits et grands à une projection gratuite du film.   Ponyo sur la falaise (Japon, 2008, Hayao Miyazaki) Le petit Sosuke vit avec sa mère sur une haute falaise surplombant la mer. Un beau jour, il découvre sur la plage caillouteuse Ponyo, une petite fille poisson. Ponyo est si fascinée par Sosuke et le monde terrestre que son désir le plus cher est de devenir un être humain. Mais Fujimoto, son magicien de père, n’est pas du tout d’accord avec cette idée et il la force à regagner les profondeurs de l’océan. Bien décidée à revoir Sosuke, Ponyo s’&...

Ciné club

2010-01-01

200

MÜLLERIAN DUCT CYST WITH IPSILATERAL RENAL AGENESIS: MRI FINDINGS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Müllerian duct cyst is an uncommon congenital anomaly of males. They are usually small, asymptomatic masses, located behind the upper half of the prostatic urethra. Here we report pelvic MRI findings of a patient with giant müllerian duct cyst with ipsilateral renal agenesis, incidentally detected with gastric symptoms.

Esra Meltem Kayahan Ulu; Ceyla Ba?aran; Fuldem Y?ld?r?m Dönmez; Zeynep Güvenç; Bahar Güner; Mehmet Co?kun

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Purulent meningitis with unusual diffusion-weighted MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We describe unusual findings obtained by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a patient with acute purulent meningitis caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Along cerebral convexities and the Sylvian fissure, multiple small intense lesions showed high signal intensity in these sequences. This may be the first report of diffusion-weighted in purulent meningitis.

Abe, M.; Takayama, Y. E-mail: y-taka@fki.fitweb.or.jp; Yamashita, H.; Noguchi, M.; Sagoh, T

2002-10-01

202

White matter changes in Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy: MRI findings.  

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Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy is a mitochondrial disorder causing bilateral optic nerve degeneration. It is sometimes associated with clinical signs of multiple sclerosis. We report MRI findings in two patients with LHON-MS and comment on possible distinguishing features of this disease entity...

Küker, W; Weir, A; Quaghebeur, G; Palace, J

203

Purulent meningitis with unusual diffusion-weighted MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] We describe unusual findings obtained by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a patient with acute purulent meningitis caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Along cerebral convexities and the Sylvian fissure, multiple small intense lesions showed high signal intensity in these sequences. This may be the first report of diffusion-weighted in purulent meningitis

2002-01-01

204

Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumour: CT and MRI Findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (MPNST) is extremely rare malignancy in the general population, occurring more frequently in patients with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). In the literature five cases of MPNST arising from the parapharyngeal space (PPS) in patients without neurofibromatosis have been reported. We report imaging techniques in a patient with MPNST in the PPS, who had neither a family history nor sign of NF1. Computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed for a correct therapeutic planning. CT and MRI findings were correlated with hystopathological diagnosis.

Sperandio M; Di Poce I; Ricci A; Di Trapano R; Costanzo E; Di Cello P; Pelle F; Izzo L; Simonetti G

2013-01-01

205

Hydrocele of the canal of Nuck: ultrasound and MRI findings  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Edmund Soh1, Kenneth Sheah2, Keh Oon Ong11Department of Radiology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; 2Radlink Diagnostic Imaging, Paragon Medical, SingaporeAbstract: Hydrocele (or cyst) of the canal of Nuck is rare and usually presents as a nontender groin mass. Imaging is useful in evaluation, and the diagnosis is suggested if a cystic lesion is found within the inguinal canal. We report the ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a hydrocele of the canal of Nuck, with MRI demonstrating a multiseptated cystic structure.Keywords: inguinal region, hydroceles, ultrasound diagnosis

Edmund Soh; Kenneth Sheah; Keh Oon Ong

2011-01-01

206

Necrotizing fasciitis: unreliable MRI findings in the preoperative diagnosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The authors present two cases of necrotizing fasciitis (NF), one case of dermatomyositis and one case of posttraumatic muscle injury, which have similar magnetic resonance imaging findings in terms of skin, subcutaneous fat, superficial and deep fasciae and muscle involvement. These cases highlight the need for cautious interpretation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, for they are nonspecific and the preoperative decision should be based mostly on the evolution of the clinical status

2000-12-01

207

Spongiform leucoencephalopathy after inhaling heroin vapor: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore CT and MRI features of spongiform leucoencephalopathy after inhaling 'heroin' pyrolysate, and to improve the diagnostic ability of the disease. Methods: Four patients, which inhaled heroin vapor, received the CT or MRI pre- and post-contrast scanning. MR sequences included conventional SE T1WI, T2WI, fluid attenuation inverse recover (FLAIR), and MRS. Results: All 4 cases had similar symmetrical lesions involving the cerebellum, lateral brainstem, cerebral peduncles, posterior limbs of internal capsule, splenium of corpus callosum, medial lemniscuses, and posterior cerebral white mattes without enhancement. The lesions showed hypodense on CT and hypointense on T1WI, hyperintense on T2WI and FLAIR. Cerebellar lesions were more serious than cerebral one, and the parieto-occipital lesions were serious than frontal one. MRS showed that the abnormalities in the white matter were degenerative changes, not necrosis. Conclusion: CT and MRI findings of this diseases are characteristic. Combined with the history, the disease can be diagnosed

2002-01-01

208

Functional cine MR imaging for the detection and mapping of intraabdominal adhesions: method and surgical correlation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence and localization of intraabdominal adhesions using functional cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to correlate the MR findings with intraoperative results. In a retrospective study, patients who had undergone previous abdominal surgery with suspected intraabdominal adhesions were examined. A true fast imaging with steady state precession sequence in transverse/sagittal orientation was used for a section-by-section dynamic depiction of visceral slide on a 1.5-Tesla system. After MRI, all patients underwent anew surgery. A nine-segment abdominal map was used to document the location and type of the adhesions. The intraoperative results were taken as standard of reference. Ninety patients were enrolled. During surgery 71 adhesions were detected, MRI depicted 68 intraabdominal adhesions. The most common type of adhesion in MRI was found between the anterior abdominal wall and small bowel loops (n = 22, 32.5%) and between small bowel loops and pelvic organs (n = 14, 20.6%). Comparing MRI with the intraoperative findings, sensitivity varied between 31 and 75% with a varying specificity between 65 and 92% in the different segments leading to an overall MRI accuracy of 89%. Functional cine MRI proved to be a useful examination technique for the identification of intraabdominal adhesions in patients with acute or chronic pain and corresponding clinical findings providing accurate results. However, no differentiation for symptomatic versus asymptomatic adhesions is possible. (orig.)

Buhmann-Kirchhoff, Sonja; Reiser, Maximilian; Lienemann, Andreas [University Hospital Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology, Munich (Germany); Lang, Reinhold; Steitz, Heinrich O.; Jauch, Karl W. [University Hospital Munich-Grosshadern, Department of Surgery, Munich (Germany); Kirchhoff, Chlodwig [University Hospital Munich-Innenstadt, Department of Surgery, Munich (Germany)

2008-06-15

209

MRI findings and correlative study of MRI and visual evoked potentials in optic neuritis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Objective: To investigate the effective MRI sequences and describe the correlation between MRI and visual evoked potential (VEP) in diagnosing optic neuritis. Methods: One hundred and fifty-four eyes with visual impairment of 98 patients with diagnoses of optic neuritis, papillitis, multiple sclerosis and Devic's disease underwent MRI and VEP examination. The MRI findings were analyzed and correlated with VEP results and clinical presentation by using X2 test, wilco xon test and Kappa test. Results Out of the 154 sick eyes, 56 eyes presented thickened optic nerves, 76 eyes had normal diameter of the optic nerve, and 22 eyes had thin optic nerves. A total of 132 optic nerves showed abnormally high signal in STIR sequences, including involvement of intraocular segment in 7, intraorbital segment in 1.35, intracanalicular segment in 109, intracranial segment in 97, optic chiasm in 56, and optic tract in 23. A total of 54 patients underwent postcontrast MRI. Seventy-four optic nerves of 87 eyes showed enhancement. Among the 196 eyes of 98 patients, 132 eyes presented visual impairment and simultaneous abnormal MR signal of the optic nerve, and 26 eyes had both normal vision and normal MR signal of optic nerve. The consistency of MRI findings and vision status was 80. 61% (Kappa 0.453,P1-weighted MR sequence combined with fat- suppression are helpful in diagnosis of optic neuritis. VEP is helpful in diagnosing optic neuritis and in finding subclinical visual problem. The MRI combined with VEP could improve the diagnostic accuracy of optic neuritis. (authors)

2008-01-01

210

A study of brain MRI findings in children with epilepsy  

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Magnetic resonance imaging in the brain was performed in 293 patients with childhood-onset (<15 y.o.) epilepsy who had been classified into 4 groups, idiopathic localization-related epilepsy (ILRE), 78 patients; idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), 116 patients; symptomatic localization-related epilepsy (SLRE), 68 patients and symptomatic generalized epilepsy (SGE), 31 patients, with the Classification of Epilepsies and Epileptic Syndrome (1989 International League Against Epilepsy). The examination was performed with a 1.5 T magnet. One hundred twenty-five patients (42.7%) showed abnormal findings, and the incidence in each group was as follows: Idiopathic epilepsy: The rate of abnormal findings in the ILRE and IGE groups was 21.8% and 20.7%, respectively. Most of the abnormal findings were secondary changes, such as diffuse or localized brain atrophy. Of the congenital abnormalities, the main finding was arachnoid cyst. Symptomatic epilepsy: The rate of abnormality in the SLRE patients was 88.2%, and 85% of the findings were secondary changes, i.e., brain atrophy, or degeneration of the white matter. In the SGE group, the rate was 77.4%, with an almost equal percentage of congenital and secondary changes. Of 255 patients who were examined by electroencephalography (EEG) on the same day as MRI, about 50% showed a correlation between the EEG records and the MRI abnormalities. However, only 8 patients showed a correlation in localization between the EEG and MRI abnormalities. (author)

Kanematsu, Sachiko; Sumida, Sawako; Muto, Ayako; Osawa, Makiko; Ono, Yuko [Tokyo Women' s Medical Coll. (Japan); Uchida, Moriyasu; Maruyama, Hiroshi

2000-06-01

211

MRI findings of recurrent herpes simplex encephalitis in an infant  

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We report the MRI findings of a 2-year-old boy with recurrent herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). At the age of 14 months, the patient developed a high fever that lasted over 1 week and he did not receive appropriate treatment. At 6 months after the fever, MRI showed marked atrophic changes in both deep temporal lobes with hyperintensity in the hippocampi and parahippocampal gyri. Thirteen months after the first episode of the fever, the patient was diagnosed with recurrent HSE by polymerase chain reaction assay of the CSF; MRI at this time revealed diffuse cortical swelling. Hyperintensity on T2-weighted images was noted in the occipito-parietal cortex bilaterally, the left thalamus, the subcortical white matter and the splenium of the corpus callosum. Recurrence of HSE may be more common in infants than previously thought. It is important to consider the possibility of recurrent HSE and to understand that MRI findings in HSV1 encephalitis in infants and young children appear to differ from those observed in neonates, older children and adults. (orig.)

Tokumaru, Aya M.; Kaji, Tatsumi; Kohyama, Shinya; Sakata, Ikuko; Kusano, Shoichi [Department of Radiology, National Defence Medical College, 3-2 Namiki-Cho, 359-8513, Tokorozawa, Saitama (Japan); Horiuchi, Katsuyuki [Department of Paediatrics, National Defence Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama (Japan)

2003-10-01

212

Spinal epidural abscess: correlation between MRI findings and outcome  

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Our purpose was to determine if specific MRI findings in spinal epidural abscess (SEA), at the time of diagnosis, are associated with the clinical outcome. The clinical records and MRI studies of 18 patients with SEA were reviewed and follow-up was obtained from the outpatient medical record, telephone interview, or both. The association between findings on contrast-enhanced MRI and clinical outcome (weakness, neck or back pain, and incomplete functional recovery) was evaluated. With univariate analysis, narrowing of 50 % or more of the central spinal canal (P = 0.03), peripheral contrast-enhancement (P = 0.05), and abnormal spinal cord signal intensity (P = 0.05) were associated with weakness at follow-up. Persistent neck or back pain was associated with spinal canal narrowing (P = 0.02), peripheral contrast-enhancement (P = 0.02), and an abscess longer than 3 cm (P = 0.04) on MRI. Incomplete clinical recovery was associated with both abscess length (P = 0.01) and the severity of canal narrowing (P = 0.01). Abscess length, enhancement pattern, and severity of canal narrowing can be incorporated in a grading system that can be used to predict outcome. (orig.)

Tung, G.A.; Yim, J.W.K.; Rogg, J.M. [Dept. of Diagnostic Imaging, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI (United States); Mermel, L.A.; Philip, L. [Dept. of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Brown University School of Medicine and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence (United States)

1999-12-01

213

MRI findings of Wernicke encephalopathy revisited due to hunger strike  

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Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings among a group of patients who presented with Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) due to the neurological complications of a long-term hunger strike (HS). Methods: MRI studies also including the fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of six male patients with WE aged from 25 to 38 years (mean age 31 years) were evaluated. Results: In all subjects, T2-weighted sequences, FLAIR and DWI revealed a signal hyperintensity within the posteromedial thalami and surrounding the third ventricle. In particular, on coronal images, the hyperintense areas around the third ventricle showed a suggestive 'double wing' configuration. We observed an increased signal on proton-density and T2-weighted images in the mamillary bodies of three patients. Four patients demonstrated additional hyperintensities within the periaqueductal region and/or the tectal plate. At least one lesion area in five of six patients demonstrated contrast enhancement. Conclusion: The consistent imaging findings of our study suggest that MRI is a reliable means of diagnosing WE. Acute WE is sometimes underdiagnosed, yet early diagnosis and treatment of WE is crucial in order to avoid persistent brain damage. MRI, including postcontrast T1-weighted imaging, DWI beneath standardized T2-weighted imaging, and FLAIR sequences may prove to be a valuable adjunct to clinical diagnosis and to provide additional information in acute and/or subacute WE.

Unlu, Ercument [Department of Radiology, Trakya University School of Medicine, Mimar Sinan m, Muammer Aksoy c, Yorulmaz apt, No 50, D-1 22030 Edirne (Turkey)]. E-mail: drercument@yahoo.com; Cakir, Bilge [Department of Radiology, Trakya University School of Medicine, Mimar Sinan m, Muammer Aksoy c, Yorulmaz apt, No 50, D-1 22030 Edirne (Turkey); Asil, Talip [Department of Neurology, Trakya University School of Medicine, Edirne (Turkey)

2006-01-15

214

MRI findings of Wernicke encephalopathy revisited due to hunger strike  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background and Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings among a group of patients who presented with Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) due to the neurological complications of a long-term hunger strike (HS). Methods: MRI studies also including the fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of six male patients with WE aged from 25 to 38 years (mean age 31 years) were evaluated. Results: In all subjects, T2-weighted sequences, FLAIR and DWI revealed a signal hyperintensity within the posteromedial thalami and surrounding the third ventricle. In particular, on coronal images, the hyperintense areas around the third ventricle showed a suggestive 'double wing' configuration. We observed an increased signal on proton-density and T2-weighted images in the mamillary bodies of three patients. Four patients demonstrated additional hyperintensities within the periaqueductal region and/or the tectal plate. At least one lesion area in five of six patients demonstrated contrast enhancement. Conclusion: The consistent imaging findings of our study suggest that MRI is a reliable means of diagnosing WE. Acute WE is sometimes underdiagnosed, yet early diagnosis and treatment of WE is crucial in order to avoid persistent brain damage. MRI, including postcontrast T1-weighted imaging, DWI beneath standardized T2-weighted imaging, and FLAIR sequences may prove to be a valuable adjunct to clinical diagnosis and to provide additional information in acute and/or subacute WE.

2006-01-01

215

Prognosis and MRI findings in patients with peripheral facial palsy  

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We examined a series of 21 peripheral facial palsy patients attempted to ( 17 Bell`s palsy, 4 Hunt syndrome) with Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI and attempted to determine the relation between prognosis and MRI findings. We divided patients into two groups based on facial palsy scores of Japanese facial nerve research; a good group (G-Group) and a bad group (B-group). The G-group scored over 20 points on the 20th day after the first visit and the B-group under 20 points. G-group consisted of 9 Bell`s palsy and 1 Hunt syndrome patients, and the B-group of 8 Bell`s palsy and 3 Hunt syndrome patients. The averaged facial palsy score of both groups was analyzed every week during 4 weeks. Recovery from the palsy was better in the G-group than the B-group (P<0.05); the scores at the 4th week of the G- and B-groups were 32.6{+-}15.2 and 7.8{+-}7.4, respectively. The MRI findings of both groups were examined retrospectively. Nine of 10 G-group and nine of 11 B-group patients had abnormal contrast enhancement. The result of enhanced facial nerve segment was as follows: G-group, auditory canal 1, labyrinthine/geniculate 7, tympanic 7, mastoid 7: B-group, auditory canal 2, labyrinthine/geniculate 8, tympanic 8, mastoid 7. Our results indicate no relation between the prognosis and the MRI findings. Therefore, it is impossible to predict the prognosis of facial palsy from the results of Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI. (author)

Mineta, Masayuki; Saitoh, Yasuhiro; Yoshikawa, Daihei; Yamada, Tomonori; Aburano, Tamio [Asahikawa Medical College, Hokkaido (Japan); Matoba, Mitsuaki

1997-02-01

216

Hypereosinophilic syndrome with hepatic involvement : US, CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the findings of US, CT and MRI in the hepatic involvement of hypereosinophilic syndrome. We reviewed imaging findings of hypereosinophilic syndrome with hepatic involvement in nine patients. Imaging studies were US(n=9), conventional CT(CCT, n=6), dynamic incremental CT(DICT, n=3), and MRI with conventional spin-echo sequence(MRI-CSE, n=3). For DICT, we obtained images of the early arterial phase(n=1), portal venous phase(n=3) and the late venous phase(n=3). T1WI were obtained with 600-700 msec/13-17msec(TR/TE) and T2WI were obtained with 1850-2300 msec/80-90 msec(n=3). Gadolinium-enhanced T1WI were also obtained(n=2). US showed multiple hypoechoic or isoechoic nodules(7/9) and appeared normal(2/9). CCT showed multiple hypodense nodules(5/6) and appeared normal(1/6). DICT showed patchy, multiple hypodense nodules and showed hepatic nodules during the portal venous phase only(3/3). MRI-CSE showed one to several focal high-signal nodules on T2WI and subtle low-signal nodules on T1WI(2/3), and showed several subtle high-signal lesions on Gd-enhanced T1WI(1/2) and appeared normal on T1, T2WI(1/3). Hepatic involvement of hypereosinophilic syndrome showed varied imaging findings on US, CT and MRI

1996-01-01

217

Spirometer controlled cine-magnetic resonance imaging to diagnose tracheobronchomalacia in pediatric patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is defined as an excessive collapse of the intrathoracic trachea. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard to diagnose TBM, but bronchoscopy has major disadvantages, such as general anaesthesia. Cine-CT is a non-invasive alternative to diagnose TBM, but its use in children is restricted by ionizing radiation. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of spirometer-controlled cine-MRI as alternative to cine-CT in a retrospective study.12 children (mean 12 years, range 7-17), suspected to have TBM, underwent cine-MRI. Static scans were acquired at end-inspiration and expiration covering the thorax using a 3D SPGR sequence. 3D-Dynamic-scans were performed covering only the central airways. TBM was defined as a decrease of the trachea or bronchi diameter greater than 50% at end-expiration in the static and dynamic scans.The success rate of the cine-MRI protocol was 92%. Cine-MRI was compared with bronchoscopy or chest-CT in 7 subjects. TBM was diagnosed by cine-MRI in 7 out of 12 children (58%)and was confirmed by bronchoscopy or CT. In 4 patients, cine-MRI demonstrated tracheal narrowing that was not present in the static scans.Spirometer-controlled cine-MRI is a promising technique to assess TBM in children and has the potential to replace bronchoscopy.

Ciet, P; Wielopolski, P

2013-01-01

218

Rathke's cleft cyst: clinicopathological and MRI findings in 22 patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AIM: To evaluate clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of Rathke's cleft cyst (RCC) in 22 patients. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two patients were imaged using non-enhanced MRI and 17 underwent an additional contrast-enhanced MRI examination. Fifteen patients received an additional non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination, and amongst these, two underwent contrast-enhanced CT. Two radiologists read the images retrospectively. The imaging data were studied with regards to location, size, margin, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, haemorrhage, and presence of calcifications. Clinical data, such as presenting signs and symptoms, physical findings, and medical histories, were collected. Histopathological studies were performed and analysed by two pathologists. Results: Nine lesions were located in the intrasellar region, 12 in both the intra- and suprasellar regions and one in the suprasellar region. The maximum diameter of the RCCs varied from 0.7 to 4 cm, with an average size of 1.7 ± 0.7 cm. MRI features of RCC were divided into three groups based on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI): hypo- (n = 6), iso- (n = 9), and hyperintensity group (n = 7). Patients in the latter two groups were statistically younger than that in the former group. The lesion size in the iso- and hyperintensity groups was significantly less than that in the hypointensity group (F = 6.421, p = 0.007). Only two cases showed enhancement after contrast injection in the cohort. One lesion with haemorrhage was found as were two cases with intracystic nodules. Conclusion: Although MRI features of RCCs are variable, RCCs should be suspected when the following conditions occur: lesions located in the intrasellar region or involving both intra and suprasellar regions, less than 1.5 cm in diameter, iso- or hyperdense on T1WI and no signal enhancement after contrast injection. In addition, the first case of a RCC with a markedly enhanced intracystic nodule is reported.

2010-01-01

219

Clinical features and MRI findings of blow-out fracture  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Precise anatomical understanding of orbital blow-out fracture lesions is necessary for the treatment of patients. Retrospectively, MRI findings were compared with the clinical features of pure type blow-out fractures and the efficacy of MRI in influencing a decision for surgical intervention was evaluated. Eighteen child (15 boys, 3 girls) cases were evaluated and compared with adult cases. The patients were classified into three categories (Fig.1) and two types (Fig.2) in accordance with the degree of protrusion of fat tissue. The degree of muscle protrusion also was divided into three categories (Fig. 3). Both muscle and fat tissue were protruding from the fracture site in 14 cases. Fat tissue protrusion alone was found in 3 cases. In contrast, no protrusion was seen in one case. The incarcerated type of fat prolapse was found in 40% of cases, while muscle tissue prolapse was found in 75% of patients. Marginal irregularity or swelling of muscle was observed in 11 patients. There was good correlation of ocular motor disturbance and MRI findings. Disturbance of eyeball movement was observed in all patients with either incarcerated fat tissue or marginal irregularity or swelling of muscle. In contrast, restriction of eyeball movement was rare in cases of no incarceration, even if the fracture was wide. Deformity or marginal irregularity of the ocular muscle demonstrated in MRI may suggest damage an adhesion to the muscle wall. When MRI reveals incarceration or severe prolapse of fat tissue, or deformity and marginal irregularity of the ocular muscle, surgical intervention should be considered. (author)

Yamanouchi, Yasuo; Yasuda, Takasumi; Kawamoto, Keiji [Kansai Medical Univ., Moriguchi, Osaka (Japan); Inagaki, Takayuki; Someda, Kuniyuki

1996-06-01

220

MRI findings on de Quervain`s disease  

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de Quervain`s disease is a stenosing tenosynovitis affecting the first extensor compartment of the wrist. Conservative treatment including steroid injection is primarily indicated and satisfactory result can be obtained in most cases. However, it often fails in cases where fibrocartilagenous septum exists within the first compartment. Surgical release of the compartment and resection of the septum is recommended for these instances. The incidence of the septum in the compartment is reported to be about 30 to 40 per cent in normal population, though over 90 per cent in operative cases. In this study, MRI was employed to evaluate the anatomical variation in the first extensor compartment of the wrist in de Quervain`s disease. There were 13 hands in 5 men and 10 women. Their average age was 49.5 years old (19 to 76 y.o.). Axial T1 weighted MR images around the radial styloid process were obtained. Eight hands which resisted conservative treatment were operated on and first compartment was directly inspected. The other 5 were well treated with one or two steroid injection. In all operative cases, MRI revealed that the EPB tendon exists apart from the APL tendon surrounded with thick high intensity area. That finding correspond to the operative findings. That were fibrocartilagenous septum dividing the first compartment and dense synovium around the EPB tendon. On the other hands, in 5 hands which responded to steroid injection, EPB was identified only in 2 on MRI and could not be distinguished from APL in the other 3. Consequently, MRI provides useful information to make a strategy for treating de Quervain`s disease. In cases whose MRI show that EPB and APL are accommodated in one common canal non-surgical treatment should be continued while in the cases of separate EPB tunnel with surrounding proliferating synovium early operation might be considered. (author)

Murase, Tsuyoshi [Osaka National Hospital (Japan); Kitano, Keiji; Shimada, Kozo; Tokumaru, Hiroshi; Komi, Katsumi

1996-08-01

 
 
 
 
221

MRI findings in the cervical spine of healthy volunteers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We examined the MRI images of the cervical spine obtained in 117 normal volunteers. There were 66 males and 51 females, and their age range was 7-72 years old (mean age : 40 years). We evaluated the MRI images, for disc degeneration as manifested by using low signal intensity, posterior disc protrusion, narrowing of the disc space, foraminal stenosis, and hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum. MRI equipment used was a SIGNA 1.5T machine (GE), and sagittal T2-weighted images (repetition time (TR) 4000 ms, echo time (TE) 100 ms, Matrix 512 x 512, field of view (FOV) 24 cm x 24 cm) and axial T1-weighted images (TR 500 ms, TE 10 ms, Matrix 512 x 512, FOV 20 cm x 20 cm) were acquired. The evidence of degeneration of the cervical spine increased linearly with age, especially from 60 years of age onward. Disc degeneration was present in 67% of the disc in men and in 50% of the discs in the females under 20 years old. Narrowing of the disc space was present in 52%, posterior disc protrusion was present in 32%, foraminal stenosis was present in 13%, and hypertrophy of ligamentum flavum was present in 22%. Compression of the dural sac was observed in 44%, but spinal cord compression was observed only in 8%. The results show that care must be exercised when for interpreting the MRI findings in patients with symptomatic disorders of the cervical spine. (author)

2004-01-01

222

MRI findings of tuberous sclerosis complex in pediatrics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To analyze MRI characteristic features of tuberous sclerosis. Methods: There are 14 patients were examined by MR routine scan and 3 patients with enhancement, all patients were proven by clinical examination. Results: Subependymal nodules, were detected in all cases, which were most commonly along the lateral wall of the lateral ventricles. Cortical tubers were detected in 10 cases, the patterns of cortical tubers were gyral core lesion and H-shaped lesion on MRI. The abnormal findings of white matter were radial linear ore wedge-shaped or irregular type on MR images. Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas were detected in 2 cases, renal angiomyolipoma was detected in 1 case. Conclusions: MRI is sensitive to find the changes in imaging diagnosis of TSC and is the first choice among the diagnostic imaging modalities. T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and gradient echo sequences are more sensitive to the subependymal nodules than T2-weighted imaging (T2WI). T2WI and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) are more sensitive to find the cortical tubers and abnormal white matter than T1WI. (authors)

2006-01-01

223

Brain MRI findings in infants with primary congenital glaucoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Congenital glaucoma appears in the first months of life, eventually at birth. Isolated congenital glaucoma is characterized by minor malformations of the irido-corneal angle of the anterior chamber of the eye. Clinical manifestations include tearing, photophobia and enlargement of the globe appearing in the first months of life. Imaging technology such as optical coherence tomography and measurement of central corneal thickness may play an important role in the assessment of children with suspected or known glaucoma. However, no MRI findings of the CNS in patients with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) were reported in the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate MRI findings of the brain in infants with PCG. We reviewed the radiological and histopathological and clinical characteristics of infants with primary congenital glaucoma. The records of 17 patients with PCG were reviewed and the MRIs of the brain and associated manifestations were analyzed. Three patients with PCG had abnormal MRI findings suggesting agenesis of the corpus callosum. Two infants had delayed myelinization of the brain. Significant abnormal optic nerve excavation and increased corneal diameters in 2 patients with delayed myelinization may suggest that intraocular pressure can be more striking and more severe, revealing a close relationship with PCG and abnormal myelinization in white matter. Studies with more patients are needed to confirm these results. (author)

2007-01-01

224

MRI findings of central nervous system granulocytic sarcoma (chloroma)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To characterize MRI findings of central nervous system (CNS) granulocytic sarcoma (chloroma) and to analyse the points which differentiate it from other CNS tumors. We evaluated MRI in six patients with CNS granulocytic sarcoma proven by surgery or bone marrow biopsy (intracranical, one case and spine five cases). A 0.5T superconductive MR machine was used for diagnosis and, axial, coronal and sagittal T1- and T2-weighted spin echo images and Gd-DTPA enhanced T1-weighted images were obtained. We retrospectively analized the location, signal intensity, margin, contrast enhancement and homogeneity, and bony change around the tumor. MRI findings of CNS granulocytic sarcomas were as follows : one tumor was seen to be an extra-axial mass in the posterior fossa of the brain, four were epidural, and one was an epidural and presacral masses in the spine;tumor magins were lobulated and three were smooth. On T1-weighted images, all tumors were of isoignal intensity;on T2-weighted images, four were of isosignal intersity and two were of high signal intensity. Contrast enhancement was inhomogeneous in five of six cases. Bony change around the tumor was seen in two cases. On T1-weighted images, CNS granulocytic sarcomas (chloromas) were of isosignal intensity, relative to brain parenchyma or spinal cord;on T2-weighted images, they were of iso or high signal intensity, with relative contrast enhancement. These points could be useful in differentiating them from other CNS tumors.

1997-01-01

225

Intracranial ganglioglioma: clinicopathological and MRI findings in 16 patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Aim: To record the clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of intracranial gangliogliomas in 16 patients. Materials and methods: Sixteen patients were imaged using unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Eight patients underwent unenhanced CT and of these, three underwent contrast-enhanced CT. Two radiologists read the images retrospectively. The images were studied with regard to location, size, margin, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, cystic changes, and presence of calcifications. Clinical data, such as presenting signs and symptoms, physical findings, and medical histories, were collected. Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies were performed and analysed by two pathologists. Results: In 12 cases the tumours were located in one of the cerebral hemispheres; in the other cases they were located in the brainstem, cerebellum, suprasellar area or the thalamus. The tumour dimension varied from 1-7 cm, with a mean of 3.6 cm ± 1.8 cm. The MRI features of ganglioglioma in the present cohort can be divided into three patterns: cystic (n = 2), cystic-solid (n = 6), and solid (n = 8). Solid lesions had a predilection for the temporal lobe; cystic and cystic-solid tumours had a wide anatomical distribution. Cystic lesions were significantly smaller than both cystic-solid and solid lesions (F = 4.28, P

2008-01-01

226

Histopathological and dynamic MRI findings of human thyroid tumors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The time intensity curves for gadolinium-diethylene triaminepentacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), namely dynamic MRI, were determined for thyroid disease, and compared with findings of histopathologic examination. Time intensity curves for solid lesions were determined, excluding cases with secondary changes such as calcification, hemorrhage, necrosis, and fibrosis. Three different patterns of time intensity curves were observed: gradual, rapid and no change. For almost malignant diseases and a few benign diseases with marked cell proliferative ability, the time intensity curve displayed the gradual attenuation pattern, in which intensity was above halt-maximal value within 10 minutes after injection Gd-DTPA. Almost all benign diseases and a well differentiated carcinoma displayed a rapid attenuation pattern, in which intensity was decreased to lower than half of peak grade within 10 minutes following injection. Benign diseases with normal cell density exhibited no change. These findings suggested that the time intensity curve obtained from dynamic MRI may indicate grade of cell differentiation and proliferative ability. (author)

Kusunoki, Takeshi; Murata, Kiyotaka; Hosoi, Hiroshi; Nishida, Shozo; Tomura, Takanori; Inoue, Masaaki [Kinki Univ., Higashi-Osaka, Osaka (Japan). School of Medicine

1996-07-01

227

MRI findings of cyclops lesions of the knee  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Cyclops lesions develop in the anterior aspect of the intercondylar notch typically after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or injury. It is a lesion consisting of fibrous tissue with or without cartilage and bony components. A cyclops lesion is one of the causes for reduced extension and, in the cases reported here, also knee pain or discomfort after ACL reconstruction. We present the MRI features, particularly the features on proton density weighted turbo (more) spin echo (PDW TSE) and proton density weighted turbo spin echo fat saturation (PDW TSE FS) sequences of four cases of cyclops lesions, and distinguish between the MRI findings of large and small lesions. We also describe a cyclops lesion after a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, not described in literature before.

Minné, C; Velleman, MD; Suleman, FE

2012-04-01

228

The diagnosis of breast implant rupture: MRI findings compared with findings at explantation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Study objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) as performed according to a strict study protocol in diagnosing rupture of silicone breast implants. Material and methods: The study population consisted of 64 women with 118 implants, who had participated in either one or two study MRI examinations, aiming at determining the prevalence and incidence of silent implant rupture, respectively, and who subsequently underwent explantation. Implant rupture status was determined by four independent readers and a consensus diagnosis of either rupture (intracapsular or extracapsular), possible rupture or intact implant was then obtained. Strict predetermined rupture criteria were applied as described in this report and findings at surgery were abstracted in a standardised manner and results compared. Results: At MRI, 66 implants were diagnosed as ruptured, nine as possibly ruptured and 43 as intact. Among the ruptured implants, 27 were categorized as extracapsular. At surgery, on average 297 days after the MRI, 65 of the 66 rupture diagnoses were confirmed, as were 20 of the cases with extracapsular silicone. Eight of the nine possibly ruptured implants were in fact ruptured at surgery. Thirty-four of the 43 intact implants were described as intact at surgery. When categorising possible ruptures as ruptures, there were one false positive and nine false negative rupture diagnoses at MRI yielding an accuracy of 92%, a sensitivity of 89%, and a specificity of 97%. Correspondingly, the predictive value of a positive MRI examination was 99% and the predictive value of a negative MRI examination was 79%. Conclusions: We conclude that MRI is highly accurate for identification of silicone breast implant rupture, with a high sensitivity and specificity when evaluation of images are based on presence of well-defined rupture criteria.

2005-01-01

229

Pelvic Hydatid Disease: CT and MRI Findings Causing Sciatica  

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Pelvic masses, especially hydatid disease, rarely present with sciatica. We present the computed tomography (CT) and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a 49-year-old female patient with presacral hydatid disease, who was evaluated for her sciatica. We also want to emphasize the importance of assessing the pelvis of patients with symptoms and clinical findings that are inconsistent and that cannot be satisfactorily explained by the spinal imaging findings. isc herniation in the lumbar spine is a well-known etiology of back pains and sciatica, but whenever disc herniation of the lumbar spine is excluded by the employed imaging modalities, then the pelvis should be examined for other possible etiologies of nerve compression. We describe here a patient, who was complaining of sciatica, with no abnormal findings in her lumbar spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The cause of her sciatica was found to be associated with a pelvic hydatid cyst compressing the lumbosacral nerve plexus. In conclusion, if no pathology is evident for the lumbar discal structures, in connection with the cause of sciatica and lumbar back pains, then the pelvis should also be examined for the possible etiologies of compression of the lumbosacral nerve plexus. Whenever a multiseptated cyst is come across in a patient of an endemic origin with a positive history for hydatid disease like surgery, indicating recurrence, hydatid cyst is the most likely diagnosis.

Sanal, Hatice Tuba; Kocaoglu, Murat; Bulakbasi, Nail; Yildirim, Duzgun [Gulhane Military Medical School, Department of Radiology, 06018, Ankara (Turkmenistan)

2007-12-15

230

MRI of cortical dysplasia - correlation with pathological findings  

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Cortical dysplasia (CD) is the most epileptogenic structural lesion associated with epilepsy and patients with intractable seizures caused by this condition are good surgical candidates. MRI plays an important role in detecting the abnormalities of CD. We clarified the MRI characteristics of CD by comparing imaging and histological findings in 20 patients with intractable seizures who underwent surgical resection. There were 12 males and eight females, mean age at operation was 15 years. MRI was performed at 1.5 tesla; T1-weighted, T2- and proton density-weighted spin-echo and fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) images were obtained. The lesions were in the frontal lobe in nine cases, temporal in two, occipital in another two, insular in one and multilobar in six. Blurring of the grey/white matter junction was seen in all patients, and T2 prolongation in white matter and/or at the grey/white matter junction in 19. Abnormal signal intensity was more frequent in the white matter or at the grey/white matter junction than in the grey matter. FLAIR images made this abnormal high signal easier to appreciate, and we thought them very useful in this context. In areas of T2 prolongation, we saw dysplastic neurones and/or balloon cells, dysmyelination, and ectopic neuronal clustering histologically; glial proliferation played an important role in prolonging T2. (orig.)

Usui, N.; Kajita, Y.; Yoshida, J. [Dept. of Neurosurgery, Nagoya Univ. School of Medicine (Japan); Matsuda, K.; Mihara, T.; Tottori, T.; Ohtsubo, T.; Baba, K.; Matsuyama, N.; Inoue, Y.; Yagi, K. [National Epilepsy Centre, Shizuoka Higashi Hospital (Japan)

2001-10-01

231

Clinical presentations and MRI findings of angiographically occult vascular malformations  

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Various clinical features as well as MRI findings of AOVM (angiographically occult vascular malformation) were studied. Amongst out patients, since January 1988, there have been 30 cases of symptomatic AOVM (20 males, 10 females) including 4 cases with multiple lesions. The age ranged from 3 to 60 years of age, with a mean of 33.4 years. The locations of symptomatic lesions were in the cerebral hemisphere (15), the thalamus (4), the brain stem (8) and in the cerebellum (3). The initial presentations of these 30 cases were either by hemorrhage (18), convulsive seizure (9) or by progressive neurological deficits (3). The initial presentation was not related to the patient's age and the size of the lesion, but apparently related to the location of AOVM. Most of the lesions in the cerebral hemisphere presented seizures, but all of the lesions in the thalamus, the brain stem and the cerebellum disclosed hemorrhage as an initial presentation. In fact it was noticed that brain stem lesions tend to cause repetitive hemorrhage in a relatively short period. AOVM lesions were clearly visualized with T2-weighted MRI images, consisting of high intensity cores with surrounding low intensity rims. Most of the symptomatic lesions were partially enhanced by Gd-DTPA with varied intensity. Dynamic changes in size and enhancement pattern on MRI were occasionally seen, usually accompanied with episodes such as hemorrhage or neurological deterioration. Although AOVMs were angiographically negative some strands indicating draining veins were observed on MRI in several cases. In contrast, none of the nonsymptomatic lesions (22 lesions) demonstrated enhancement effects with Gd-DTPA. (author).

Kida, Yoshihisa; Kobayashi, Tatsuya; Tanaka, Takayuki; Oyama, Hirofumi; Iwakoshi, Takayasu (Komaki City Hospital, Aichi (Japan))

1994-02-01

232

Intracranial ganglioglioma: clinicopathological and MRI findings in 16 patients  

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Aim: To record the clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of intracranial gangliogliomas in 16 patients. Materials and methods: Sixteen patients were imaged using unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Eight patients underwent unenhanced CT and of these, three underwent contrast-enhanced CT. Two radiologists read the images retrospectively. The images were studied with regard to location, size, margin, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, cystic changes, and presence of calcifications. Clinical data, such as presenting signs and symptoms, physical findings, and medical histories, were collected. Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies were performed and analysed by two pathologists. Results: In 12 cases the tumours were located in one of the cerebral hemispheres; in the other cases they were located in the brainstem, cerebellum, suprasellar area or the thalamus. The tumour dimension varied from 1-7 cm, with a mean of 3.6 cm {+-} 1.8 cm. The MRI features of ganglioglioma in the present cohort can be divided into three patterns: cystic (n = 2), cystic-solid (n = 6), and solid (n = 8). Solid lesions had a predilection for the temporal lobe; cystic and cystic-solid tumours had a wide anatomical distribution. Cystic lesions were significantly smaller than both cystic-solid and solid lesions (F = 4.28, P < 0.05). Cystic changes in the cystic-solid tumours showed one of the following patterns: those with walls showing contrast enhancement, those containing an enhancing nodule, or cysts without an obvious wall. The solid portion of cystic-solid gangliogliomas and the entire tumour in solid tumours showed homogeneous enhancement of variable degrees on T1-weighted (T1W) spin-echo (SE) images. Five tumours had mild or moderate oedema. In one patient two separate gangliogliomas were found, each lesion exhibiting different MRI features: solid and cystic-solid. One case of cortical ganglioglioma was found, causing bone erosion due to pressure. One tumour with chronic haemorrhage was found in the study. Conclusion: MRI features of gangliogliomas are non-specific. A ganglioglioma should be suspected when a tumour shows the following features: (1) a solid lesion located in the temporal lobes with mild or no oedema and homogeneous enhancement on SE T1W images; or (2) a small cystic lesion or cystic-solid mixed mass with a wall enhancement or a markedly enhanced nodule. We report a patient with two separate gangliogliomas and a case with bone erosion.

Zhang, D. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Henning, T.D. [UCSF, Department of Radiology, Contrast Media Laboratory, San Francisco, CA, 94107 (United States); Zou, L.-G. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Hu, L.-B. [Department of Radiology, The Second Hospital of ChongQing, ChongQing 400000 (China); Wen, L. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China)], E-mail: cqzdwl@yahoo.com.cn; Feng, X.-Y. [Department of Radiology, HuaShan Hospital, Medical Center of FuDan University, ShangHai 200040 (China); Dai, S.-H.; Wang, W.-X.; Sun, Q.-R. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Zhang, Z.-G. [Department of Pathology, XinQiao Hosptial, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China)

2008-01-15

233

Digital cine-imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Digitization of fluoroscopic images has been developed for the digital cine imaging system as a result of the computer technology, television technology, and popularization of interventional radiology. Present digital cine imaging system is able to offer images similar to cine film because of the higher operatability and better image quality with the development of interventional radiology. As a result, its higher usefulness for catheter diagnosis examination except for interventional radiology was reported, and the possibility of having filmless cine is close to becoming a reality. However several problems have been pointed out, such as spatial resolution, time resolution, storage and exchangeability of data, disconsolidated viewing functions, etc. Anyhow, digital cine imaging system has some unresolved points and lots the needs to be discussed. The tendency of digitization is the passage of the time and we have to promote a study for more useful digital cine imaging system in team medical treatment which centers on the patients. (author).

1992-01-01

234

Cine magnetic resonance imaging in congenital heart disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 33 patients aged 19 days to 18 years (mean 5.1 years), who had congenital heart disease comfirmed at echocardiography or angiography. Prior to cine MRI, gated MRI with spin echo (SE) sequence was perfomed to evaluate cardiac structure. Cine MRI was demonstrated by fast low fip angle shot imaging technique with a 30 deg flip angle, 15 msec echo time, 30?40 msec pulse repetition time, and 128X128 acquisition matrix. Abnormalities of cardiac structure were extremely well defined in all patients. Intracardiac and intravasucular blood flow were visualized with high signal intensity area, whereas ventricular filling flow and left to right shunt flow through ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect were visualized with low signal intensity area. However, in the patients who had severe congestive heart failure or respiratory arrhythmia, the good recording of cine MRI was not obtained because of artifacts. Gated MRI with SE sequence provides excellent visualization of fine structures, and cine MRI can provide high spatial resolution imaging of flow dynamic in a variety of congenital heart disease, noninvasively. (author)

1989-01-01

235

MRI findings of intracranial neurenteric cyst : cast report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neurenteric cyst is very rare congenital disease and usually presents symptoms in adulthood. It can cause major neurological deficits if detection and treatment are delayed. It is also known to be a source of serious infection of the central nervous system. Neurenteric cyst is usually located in the ventral aspect of the lower cervical or upper thoracic spinal cord. Intracranial neurenteric cyst is very uncommon and less than 35 cases have been reported in the literature. We report MRI findings of two cases of intracranial neurenteric cyst and review the literature.

2001-01-01

236

MRI findings of intracranial neurenteric cyst : cast report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Neurenteric cyst is very rare congenital disease and usually presents symptoms in adulthood. It can cause major neurological deficits if detection and treatment are delayed. It is also known to be a source of serious infection of the central nervous system. Neurenteric cyst is usually located in the ventral aspect of the lower cervical or upper thoracic spinal cord. Intracranial neurenteric cyst is very uncommon and less than 35 cases have been reported in the literature. We report MRI findings of two cases of intracranial neurenteric cyst and review the literature.

Jeong, Ae Kyung; Lee, Ho Kyu; Khang, Shin Kwang; Shin, Ji Hoon; Choi, Chong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2001-08-01

237

Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: MRI and histological findings case report  

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Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIG) are rare intracranial tumors occurring during the 1st year of life. They arise invariably in the supratentorial region and have a great size at presentation, commonly involving more than one lobe. They are composed of a solid peripheral component of variable size, which involves the superficial cerebral cortex and the leptomeninges, and a large cystic part. Despite the great size at presentation and occasional mitotic activity in the variable undifferentiated component, this entity constitutes a distinct clinicopathological entity with benign prognosis. We hereby present the MRI and histological findings of two cases of DIG in infants aged 9 and 10 months, respectively. (orig.)

Nikas, I.; Anagnostara, A.; Theophanopoulou, M.; Hadjigeorgi, C. [Dept. of Radiological Imaging, Children' s Hospital ' ' Agia Sophia' ' , Glyfada, Athens (Greece); Stefanaki, K. [Dept. of Pathology, Children' s Hospital ' ' Agia Sophia' ' , Athens (Greece); Michail, A. [Dept. of Pathology, Children' s Hospital ' ' Aglaia Kyriakou' ' , Athens (Greece)

2004-12-01

238

Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma: MRI and histological findings case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIG) are rare intracranial tumors occurring during the 1st year of life. They arise invariably in the supratentorial region and have a great size at presentation, commonly involving more than one lobe. They are composed of a solid peripheral component of variable size, which involves the superficial cerebral cortex and the leptomeninges, and a large cystic part. Despite the great size at presentation and occasional mitotic activity in the variable undifferentiated component, this entity constitutes a distinct clinicopathological entity with benign prognosis. We hereby present the MRI and histological findings of two cases of DIG in infants aged 9 and 10 months, respectively. (orig.)

2004-01-01

239

Multidetector CT and MRI findings in periportal space pathologies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Periportal region is an anatomic space around portal vein comprising hepatic artery, bile duct, nerves, lymphatics and a potential space. Periportal pathologies may involve any of these structures diffusely or focally with characteristic radiologic findings. Radiologic findings can be helpful in differential diagnosis of pathologies of periportal structures including periportal cavernomatous transformation, hepatic artery aneurysm, biliary diseases, neurofibromatosis, lymphoma, langerhans' cell histiocytosis, periportal fatty infiltration and other causes of periportal halo in adult and pediatric patients. Lobar/segmental intrahepatic involvement can be seen in neurofibromatosis, cavernomatous transformation, fatty infiltration and periportal edema. In this review, we discuss CT and MRI findings of periportal pathologies which can be in the form of diffuse or segmental/lobar involvement

2007-01-01

240

Multidetector CT and MRI findings in periportal space pathologies  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Periportal region is an anatomic space around portal vein comprising hepatic artery, bile duct, nerves, lymphatics and a potential space. Periportal pathologies may involve any of these structures diffusely or focally with characteristic radiologic findings. Radiologic findings can be helpful in differential diagnosis of pathologies of periportal structures including periportal cavernomatous transformation, hepatic artery aneurysm, biliary diseases, neurofibromatosis, lymphoma, langerhans' cell histiocytosis, periportal fatty infiltration and other causes of periportal halo in adult and pediatric patients. Lobar/segmental intrahepatic involvement can be seen in neurofibromatosis, cavernomatous transformation, fatty infiltration and periportal edema. In this review, we discuss CT and MRI findings of periportal pathologies which can be in the form of diffuse or segmental/lobar involvement.

Karcaaltincaba, Musturay [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey)]. E-mail: musturayk@yahoo.com; Haliloglu, Mithat [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akpinar, Erhan [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akata, Deniz [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Ozmen, Mustafa [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Ariyurek, Macit [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akhan, Okan [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey)

2007-01-15

 
 
 
 
241

Eosinophilic Otitis Media: CT and MRI Findings and Literature Review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is a relatively rare, intractable, middle ear disease with extremely viscous mucoid effusion containing eosinophils. EOM is associated with adult bronchial asthma and nasal allergies. Conventional treatments for otitis media with effusion (OME) or for chronic otitis media (COM), like tympanoplasty or mastoidectomy, when performed for the treatment of EOM, can induce severe complications such as deafness. Therefore, it should be differentiated from the usual type of OME or COM. To our knowledge, the clinical and imaging findings of EOM of temporal bone are not well-known to radiologists. We report here the CT and MRI findings of two EOM cases and review the clinical and histopathologic findings of this recently described disease entity.

2012-01-01

242

Cine magnetic resonance imaging for evaluation of cardiac structure and flow dynamics in congenital heart disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Cine magnetic resonance imaging (Cine MRI) was performed in 20 patients aged 19 days to 13 years (mean 4.0 years), who had congenital heart disease confirmed at echocardiography or angiography. Prior to cine MRI, gated MRI was performed to evaluate for cardiac structure. Cine MRI was demonstrated by fast low fip angle shot imaging technique with a 30deg flip angle, 15 msec echo time, 30-40 msec pulse repetition time, and 128 x 128 acquisition matrix. Abnormalities of cardiac structure were extremely well defined in all patients by gated MRI. Intracardiac or intravascular blood flow were visualized in 17 (85%) of 20 patients by cine MRI. Left to right shunt flow through ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, and endocardial cushion defect were visualized with low signal intensity area. Low intensity jets flow through the site of re-coarctation of the aorta were also visualized. However, the good recording of cine MRI was not obtained because of artifacts in 3 of 20 patients (15%) who had severe congestive heart failure or respiratory arrhythmia. Gated MRI provides excellent visualization of fine structure, and cine MRI can provide high spatial resolution imaging of flow dynamic in a variety of congenital heart disease, noninvasively. (author)

1989-01-01

243

Cine magnetic resonance imaging for evaluation of cardiac structure and flow dynamics in congenital heart disease  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cine magnetic resonance imaging (Cine MRI) was performed in 20 patients aged 19 days to 13 years (mean 4.0 years), who had congenital heart disease confirmed at echocardiography or angiography. Prior to cine MRI, gated MRI was performed to evaluate for cardiac structure. Cine MRI was demonstrated by fast low fip angle shot imaging technique with a 30deg flip angle, 15 msec echo time, 30-40 msec pulse repetition time, and 128 x 128 acquisition matrix. Abnormalities of cardiac structure were extremely well defined in all patients by gated MRI. Intracardiac or intravascular blood flow were visualized in 17 (85%) of 20 patients by cine MRI. Left to right shunt flow through ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, and endocardial cushion defect were visualized with low signal intensity area. Low intensity jets flow through the site of re-coarctation of the aorta were also visualized. However, the good recording of cine MRI was not obtained because of artifacts in 3 of 20 patients (15%) who had severe congestive heart failure or respiratory arrhythmia. Gated MRI provides excellent visualization of fine structure, and cine MRI can provide high spatial resolution imaging of flow dynamic in a variety of congenital heart disease, noninvasively. (author).

Akagi, Teiji; Kiyomatsu, Yumi; Ohara, Nobutoshi; Takagi, Junichi; Sato, Noboru; Kato, Hirohisa (Kurume Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). School of Medicine); Eto, Takaharu

1989-10-01

244

Contrast enhanced MRI findings of ductal carcinoma in situ  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to describe characteristic contrast enhanced MR mammographic findings of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and also DCIS with microinvasion. From January 2000 to July 2005, 32 women with 33 lesions affected by DCIS or DCIS with microinvasion underwent contrast enhanced MRI, and they were then retrospectively evaluated. All the patients had previously undergone mammography and ultrasonography. All the findings of mammography, ultrasonography (US), and MRI were analyzed by using an ACR BI-RADS lexicon. All 33 cases were enhanced on the enhanced MR images. A smooth margined homogeneous enhanced mass was seen in the two (2/33) cases, and nonmass enhancement was seen in 31 (31/33) cases. Among the non-mass enhancement, focal enhancement (7/31), ductal enhancement (5/31), segmental enhancement (9/31), and regional enhancement (10/31) were observed. On the kinetic study, a wash-out pattern (10/33), a plateau pattern (20/33), and a persistent pattern (3/33) were demonstrated. No significant differences were noted between the pure and microinvasive DCIS. There is no significant difference between pure and microinvasive DCIS. However, contrast enhanced MR images can demonstrate occult foci, multifocal lesion and the tumor extent of DCIS on mammogram or ultrasonogram.

2000-01-00

245

Contrast enhanced MRI findings of ductal carcinoma in situ  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study is to describe characteristic contrast enhanced MR mammographic findings of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and also DCIS with microinvasion. From January 2000 to July 2005, 32 women with 33 lesions affected by DCIS or DCIS with microinvasion underwent contrast enhanced MRI, and they were then retrospectively evaluated. All the patients had previously undergone mammography and ultrasonography. All the findings of mammography, ultrasonography (US), and MRI were analyzed by using an ACR BI-RADS lexicon. All 33 cases were enhanced on the enhanced MR images. A smooth margined homogeneous enhanced mass was seen in the two (2/33) cases, and nonmass enhancement was seen in 31 (31/33) cases. Among the non-mass enhancement, focal enhancement (7/31), ductal enhancement (5/31), segmental enhancement (9/31), and regional enhancement (10/31) were observed. On the kinetic study, a wash-out pattern (10/33), a plateau pattern (20/33), and a persistent pattern (3/33) were demonstrated. No significant differences were noted between the pure and microinvasive DCIS. There is no significant difference between pure and microinvasive DCIS. However, contrast enhanced MR images can demonstrate occult foci, multifocal lesion and the tumor extent of DCIS on mammogram or ultrasonogram.

Kang, Bong Joo; Cha, Eun Suk; Kim, Hyeon Sook; Suh, Young Jin; Choi, Hyun Joo [College of Medicine, the Catholic University of Korea, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2006-08-15

246

Dobutamine cine magnetic resonance imaging after myocardial infarction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Dobutamine Cine MRI is a new diagnostic imaging technique in the pretreatment (revascularization) assessment of myocardial infarction patients. In this issue are reported the result of a comparative study of the diagnostic yield of dobutamine Cine MRI with that of stress echocardiography in the assessment of viable myocardium. A new method for analysis of Cine MR images, employing digital subtraction, aimed at decreasing subjectivity in the quantitative assessment of myocardial wall thickening. Twenty-six patients (21 men and 5 women) with a history of myocardial infarction who were scheduled for revascularization were submitted to stress echocardiography and dobutamine Cine MRI to evaluate contractile recovery of the segments considered akinetic or hypo kinetic at baseline echocardiography. Dobutamine was administered in growing doses (5, 10, 15?/kg/min). 16 segments of the left ventricle in each patient were considered. In the 416 segments studied, it was found that 307 normo kinetic, 64 scarred and 45 viable segments with stress echocardiography, versus 302 normo kinetic, 83 scarred and 31 viable segments with dobutamine MRI. Three months after revascularization 15 patients were examined to check contractile recovery of the segments considered as viable. Echocardiography had 79% sensitivity and 97% specificity, while Cine MRI had 96% and 86%, respectively. In patients with anteroseptal wall myocardial infarction stress echocardiography had 75% sensitivity and 97% specificity. Echocardiography permits to distinguish viable myocardium and scarred myocardial tissue with good sensitivity and specificity, but Cine MRI performs better. Cine MRI has much higher sensitivity than stress echocardiography and thus makes the technique of choice to evaluate viable myocardium in these sites. The digital subtraction technique is as accurate as manual measurements, but reduces the error rate and permits quicker evaluation, particularly in subendocardial thickening

1999-01-01

247

Adult cerebellar medulloblastoma: CT and MRI findings in eight cases  

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Full Text Available Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor of neuroepithelial origin, which represents 15 to 30% of all pediatric brain tumors, and less than 1% of CNS adult neoplasms. We report the imaging findings of 8 adult patients with medulloblastoma. The mean age was 35 years, ranging from 20 to 65 years, and the male:female rate was 3:5. The tumors were predominantly lateral (63%), hyperdense on CT scans (83%), and on the MRI, hypointense on T1 (100%) and hyperintense on T2 (80%) weighted images. It was seen intratumoral necrosis and cysts in six cases and calcifications in three. Hydrocephalus was observed in 5 cases and brain stem invasion in four. The imaging findings of medulloblastomas in adults are different of those in child, and also nonspecific. Although these tumors are uncommon in adults, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of cerebellar masses in the posterior fossa of this age group.

Carvalho Neto Arnolfo de; Gasparetto Emerson L.; Ono Sérgio E.; Bertoldi Guilherme A.; Gomes André F.

2003-01-01

248

Clinical diagnosis, biochemical findings and MRI spectrum of peroxisomal disorders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Peroxisomal disorders are an important group of neurometabolic diseases. The clinical presentation is varied in terms of age of onset, severity, and different neurological symptoms. The clinical course spans from death in infancy, rapid functional decline, slow decline on long-term followup, to apparent stable course. Leukoencephalopathy and developmental anomalies are characteristic findings on cerebral MR imaging. From a diagnostic point of view the disorders can be clinically subdivided into four broad categories: (1) the Zellweger spectrum disorders and the peroxisomal ß-oxidation disorders, (2) the rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata spectrum disorders, (3) the X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy/adrenomyeloneuropathy complex and (4) the remaining disorders. This article discusses the role of MRI findings in the clinical approach of peroxisomal disorders with neurological disease.

Poll-The BT; Gärtner J

2012-09-01

249

Adult cerebellar medulloblastoma: CT and MRI findings in eight cases  

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Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor of neuro epithelial origin, which represents 15 to 30% of all pediatric brain tumors, and less than 1% of CNS adult neoplasms. We report the imaging findings of 8 adult patients with medulloblastoma. The mean age was 35 years, ranging from 20 to 65 years, and the male:female rate was 3:5. The tumors were predominantly lateral (63%), hyperdense on CT scans (83%), and on the MRI, hypointense on T1 (100%) and hyperintense on T2 (80%) weighted images. It was seen intratumoral necrosis and cysts in six cases and calcifications in three. Hydrocephalus was observed in 5 cases and brain stem invasion in four. The imaging findings of medulloblastomas in adults are different of those in child, and also nonspecific. Although these tumors are uncommon in adults, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of cerebellar masses in the posterior fossa of this age group. (author)

Carvalho Neto, Arnolfo de; Bertoldi, Guilherme A. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Radiologia Diagnostica]. E-mail: arnolfo.carvalho@avalon.sul.com.br; Gasparetto, Emerson L. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Hospital das Clinicas. Secao de Radiologia Diagnostica; Ono, Sergio E. [Parana Univ., Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina; Gomes, Andre F. [Diagnostico Avancado Por Imagem (DAPI), Curitiba, PR (Brazil)

2003-06-01

250

Adult cerebellar medulloblastoma: CT and MRI findings in eight cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor of neuro epithelial origin, which represents 15 to 30% of all pediatric brain tumors, and less than 1% of CNS adult neoplasms. We report the imaging findings of 8 adult patients with medulloblastoma. The mean age was 35 years, ranging from 20 to 65 years, and the male:female rate was 3:5. The tumors were predominantly lateral (63%), hyperdense on CT scans (83%), and on the MRI, hypointense on T1 (100%) and hyperintense on T2 (80%) weighted images. It was seen intratumoral necrosis and cysts in six cases and calcifications in three. Hydrocephalus was observed in 5 cases and brain stem invasion in four. The imaging findings of medulloblastomas in adults are different of those in child, and also nonspecific. Although these tumors are uncommon in adults, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of cerebellar masses in the posterior fossa of this age group. (author)

2003-01-01

251

Assessing intra-fractional bladder motion using cine-MRI as initial methodology for Predictive Organ Localization (POLO) in radiotherapy for bladder cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To assess the feasibility of using cine-MR to study intra-fractional time-volume and volume-deformity patterns of the bladder during radiotherapy as initial methodology for Predictive Organ Localization (POLO). Methods: Nine patients receiving radiotherapy for localized muscle invasive bladder cancer were prospectively studied. Each had an MR scan performed on an empty bladder using a T1 weighted cine sequence over a period of 20 min. Scans were taken prior to, and repeated towards the end of, radiotherapy treatment. Time-volume sequences were determined and compared before and during radiotherapy. Absolute bladder volumes were then correlated with changes in bladder wall position. Results: The mean post void residual bladder volume prior to radiotherapy at time 0 was 113 cm3 [SD 53] and this did not differ significantly during radiotherapy -106 cm [SD 40] (p = 0.24, paired t-test analysis). A linear relationship was observed for the rate bladder filling over a 20 min period, which did not significantly change on the cine-MR during radiotherapy (regression coefficient 2.1 vs 1.6, respectively, p 0.51). Significant positive relationships were seen between volume and anterior (p = 0.02), superior (p 3. The 1.5 cm CTV-PTV margin was sufficient to account for expansion in the majority of cases with the only breach occurring on the anterior wall in one patient. Conclusions: This study confirms the feasibility of using cine-MR for POLO. The development of such predictive methodology may compensate for the need to use an isotropic CTV-PTV margin to simply cover bladder filling when using image-guided radiotherapy.

2007-01-01

252

The diagnostic value of cine-MR imaging in diseases of great vessels  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The diagnostic value of cine magnetic resonance imaging (cine-MRI) was evaluated in 10 patients with diseases of great vessels. The parameters necessary to decide the appropriate treatment, such as presence and extension of intimal flap, DeBakey type classification, identification of the entry, differentiation between true and false lumen, and between thrombosis and slow flow were demonstrated in all patients with dissecting aortic aneurysm. However, abdominal aortic branches could not be demonstrated enough by cine-MRI, therefore conventional AOG was necessary to choose the operative procedure in these cases. In patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), cine-MRI was valuable in demonstrating both blood flow and thrombus in the lumen of aneurysm, and AOG was thought to be unnecessary in most cases. Cine-MRI is a promising new technique for the evaluation of diseases of great vessels. (author).

Sasaki, Shigeyuki; Yoshida, Hideaki; Matsui, Yoshiro; Sakuma, Makoto; Yasuda, Keihide; Tanabe, Tatsuzo; Chouji, H. (Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). School of Medicine)

1990-02-01

253

The diagnostic value of cine-MR imaging in diseases of great vessels  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The diagnostic value of cine magnetic resonance imaging (cine-MRI) was evaluated in 10 patients with diseases of great vessels. The parameters necessary to decide the appropriate treatment, such as presence and extension of intimal flap, DeBakey type classification, identification of the entry, differentiation between true and false lumen, and between thrombosis and slow flow were demonstrated in all patients with dissecting aortic aneurysm. However, abdominal aortic branches could not be demonstrated enough by cine-MRI, therefore conventional AOG was necessary to choose the operative procedure in these cases. In patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA), cine-MRI was valuable in demonstrating both blood flow and thrombus in the lumen of aneurysm, and AOG was thought to be unnecessary in most cases. Cine-MRI is a promising new technique for the evaluation of diseases of great vessels. (author).

1990-01-01

254

Cardiac MRI Findings in a Dog with a Diffuse Pericardial Mesothelioma and Pericardial Effusion.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Veterinary cardiac MRI (cMRI) is a relatively new technique. A dog with recurrent pericardial effusion and a questionable right atrial mass lesion on echocardiography underwent cMRI. cMRI provided excellent anatomic information about the heart and surrounding structures and helped to rule out the presence of a focal mass. A diffuse thickening and enhancement of the pericardium was detected. Pericardiectomy was performed and histopathology revealed a diffuse pericardial mesothelioma. This case illustrates the potential of cMRI in the management of patients with pericardial effusion when echocardiographic findings are equivocal and illustrates cMRI findings in a case of diffuse pericardial mesothelioma.

Gallach RG; Mai W

2013-09-01

255

MRI reporting by radiographers: Findings of an accredited postgraduate programme  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To analyse the objective structured examination (OSE) results of the first three cohorts of radiographers (n = 39) who completed an accredited postgraduate certificate (PgC) programme in reporting of general magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigations and to compare the agreement rates with those demonstrated for a small group of consultant radiologists. Method: Forty MRI investigations were used in the OSE which included the following anatomical areas and abnormal appearances: knee; meniscal/ligament injuries, bone bruises, effusions and osteochondral defects; lumbar spine: intervertebral disc morphology, vertebral collapse, tumours (bone and soft tissue), spinal stenosis and/or nerve root involvement; internal auditory meati (IAM): acoustic neuroma. Incidental findings included maxillary polyp, arachnoid cyst, renal cyst, hydroureter, pleural effusion and metastases (adrenal, lung, perirenal and/or thoracic spine). Sensitivity, specificity and total percentage agreement rates were calculated for all radiographers (n = 39) using all reports (n = 1560). A small representative subgroup of reports (n = 27) was compared to the three consultant radiologists' reports which were produced when constructing the OSE. Kappa values were estimated to measure agreement in four groups: consultant radiologists only; radiographers and each of the consultant radiologists independently. Results: The sensitivity, specificity and agreement rates for the three cohorts (combined) of radiographers were 99.0%, 99.0% and 89.2%, respectively. For the majority (5/9) of anatomical areas and/or pathological categories no significant differences (p

2010-01-01

256

Adhesive capsulitis: contrast-enhansed shoulder MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Evaluation of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) findings in cases clinically diagnosed as adhesive capsulitis (AC). CE-MRI images of 12 cases diagnosed as AC (13 shoulder joints) and nine control cases were retrospectively evaluated. AC diagnosis was establlished based on the history and clinical symptoms. MR signal intensity changes in the axillary pouch, rotator interval, biceps anchor and anterior posterior capsules were analysed with regard to the presence of abnormal soft tissue and contrast enhancement. Capsular and synovial thickening were measured in the axillary recess and rotator interval on coronal oblique CE T1-weighted images. Patient and control groups were compared by Fisher's exact and McNemar tests in terms of signal intensity changes and contrast enhancement in the described areas. Results: Comparison of the group with AC and the control group regarding intensity changes showed a statistically significant difference in the axillary pouch (P 0.05). Comparison of AC and control groups in terms of contrast enhancement revealed statistically significant differences in the axillary pouch, rotator interval, biceps anchor and anterior-posterior capsules (P

2011-01-01

257

MRI findings of olivopontocerebellar atrophy and Machado-Joseph disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) and Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) occasionally show similar clinical signs and symptoms, which makes differential diagnosis of OPCA and MJD difficult. In 1990, Savoiardo et al. reported that the transverse pontine fibers of OPCA patients had high signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images. To determine if the high signal intensity of the transverse pontine fibers is useful for the differential diagnosis of OPCA and MJD, we examined this abnormal intensity in patients diagnosed as OPCA or MJD. We observed the high intensity of transverse pontine fibers in all of the 18 OPCA patients. This finding, however, was not observed in any of the patients with the MJD. The high signal intensity of the transverse pontine fibers in T2-weighted images is characteristic of OPCA patients. Furthermore, the atrophy of pontine tegmentum is characteristic of patients with MJD. These findings correlate well with pathological findings of OPCA and MJD, indicating the usefulness of these MRI findings for the differential diagnosis of OPCA and MJD. (author)

1993-01-01

258

MRI findings of muscle involvement in idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A 40-year-old white man presented with fever, muscle pain, skin nodules and persistent hypereosinophilia over a period of 1 year. In addition, he had ventricular arrhythmias with episodes of tachycardia. Besides a lack of response to antiparasitic therapy, laboratory and pathological data excluded the diagnosis of trichinosis or any other parasitic infection. The patient`s course of the disease over the previous 1{sup 1}/{sub 2} years was compatible with hypereosinophilic syndrome. In a muscle biopsy several eosinophilic perivascular and leucocytic intravascular infiltrates were found, indicative of muscle involvement by the disease. This is a report on the MRI findings of muscle involvement in idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. (orig.) With 3 figs., 25 refs.

Hundt, W.; Staebler, A.; Reiser, M. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Klinikum Grosshadern, Muenchen (Germany)

1999-04-01

259

Bilateral Renal Lymphangiomatosis: Ultrasound, CT, and MRI Findings  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background/Objective: Renal lymphangiomatosis (RL) is a rare disorder characterized by developmental malformation of the lymphatic system surrounding the kidneys. Herein we describe the ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI features of renal lymphangiomatosis in an asymptomatic male patient."nCase Presentation: A 21 years-old man underwent abdominal ultrasound due to 1 month history of dyspepsia and epigastric pain which revealed mild enlargement of both kidneys (right: accompanied by increased renal echogenicity and loss of corticomedullary differentiation) . There were also numerous cystic areas of varying size around both kidneys and also extending along the renal hilum into the peripelvic area obliterating renal sinus fat. All were simple cysts without internal echogenicic debris. Subsequently abdominal CT scan was requested in this patient to better evaluation of the extent and nature of the pathology, which revealed bilateral multilocular fluid-filled cystic masses with thin walls in the perirenal and peripelvic region with attenuation measurement of 8 HU. There was a small focus of calcification posterior to the right kidney. MRI of the patient revealed bilaterally enlarged kidneys with multiple hyperintense lesions in both perirenal spaces and the peripelvic area in T2-wieghted images. These cystic spaces appeared hypointense in T1-weighted images with no enhancement in post-contrast images."nDiscussion: The diagnosis of renal lymphangiomatosis can be confirmed with needle aspiration of the typi-cal chylous content of the pernephric collection; however the imaging findings are actually character-istics for this disease and allow a purely radiologic diagnosis to be made confidently; so familiarity with imaging findings of renal lymphangiomatosis is very useful for radiologists and can prevent unnecessary biopsy or even surgery of this most commonly harm-less condition."nThere is no treatment in most cases of this disease as most patients are asymptomatic. Percutaneous drainage has promised useful in conservative manage-ment of symptomatic patients and pregnant women.     

M. H. Bagheri; Z. Zare; S. Sefidbakht; S. A. Nabavizadeh; J. Roozbeh; M. Salehipour

2008-01-01

260

Intratemporal and extratemporal facial nerve schwannoma: CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To analyze the characteristics of CT and MRI findings of facial nerve schwannoma in ten patients. Ten patients with pathologically confirmed facial nerve schwannoma, underwent physical and radilolgic examination. The latter involved MRI in all ten and CT scanning in six. We analyzed the location (epicenter), extent and number of involved segments of tumors, tuumor morphology, and changes in adjacent bony structures. The major symptoms of facial nerve schwannoma were facial nerve paralysis in seven cases and hearing loss in six. Epicenters were detected at the intraparotid portion in five cases, the intracanalicular portion in two, the cisternal portion in one, and the intratemporal portion in two. The segment most frequently involved was the mastoid (n=6), followed by the parotid (n=5), intracanalicular (n=4), cisternal (n=2), the labyrinthine/geniculate ganglion (n=2) and the tympanic segment (n=1). Tumors affected two segments of the facial nerve in eight cases, only one segment in one, and four continuous segments in one. Morphologically, tumors were ice-cream cone shaped in the cisternal segment tumor (1/1), cone shaped in intracanalicular tumors (2/2), oval shaped in geniculate ganglion tumors (1/1), club shaped in intraparotid tumors (5/5) and bead shaped in the diffuse-type tumor (1/1). Changes in adjacent bony structures involved widening of the stylomastoid foramen in intraparotid tumors (5/5), widening of the internal auditary canal in intracanalicular and cisternal tumors (3/3), bony erosion of the geniculate fossa in geniculate ganglion tumors (2/2), and widening of the facial nerve canal in intratemporal and intraparotid tumors (6/6). The characteristic location, shape and change in adjacent bony structures revealed by facial schwannomas on CT and MR examination lead to correct diagnosis.

Kim, Keum Won [Pohang Medical Center, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ho Kyu; Shin, Ji Hoon; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cheong, Hae Kwan [Dongguk Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2001-05-01

 
 
 
 
261

Intratemporal and extratemporal facial nerve schwannoma: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To analyze the characteristics of CT and MRI findings of facial nerve schwannoma in ten patients. Ten patients with pathologically confirmed facial nerve schwannoma, underwent physical and radilolgic examination. The latter involved MRI in all ten and CT scanning in six. We analyzed the location (epicenter), extent and number of involved segments of tumors, tuumor morphology, and changes in adjacent bony structures. The major symptoms of facial nerve schwannoma were facial nerve paralysis in seven cases and hearing loss in six. Epicenters were detected at the intraparotid portion in five cases, the intracanalicular portion in two, the cisternal portion in one, and the intratemporal portion in two. The segment most frequently involved was the mastoid (n=6), followed by the parotid (n=5), intracanalicular (n=4), cisternal (n=2), the labyrinthine/geniculate ganglion (n=2) and the tympanic segment (n=1). Tumors affected two segments of the facial nerve in eight cases, only one segment in one, and four continuous segments in one. Morphologically, tumors were ice-cream cone shaped in the cisternal segment tumor (1/1), cone shaped in intracanalicular tumors (2/2), oval shaped in geniculate ganglion tumors (1/1), club shaped in intraparotid tumors (5/5) and bead shaped in the diffuse-type tumor (1/1). Changes in adjacent bony structures involved widening of the stylomastoid foramen in intraparotid tumors (5/5), widening of the internal auditary canal in intracanalicular and cisternal tumors (3/3), bony erosion of the geniculate fossa in geniculate ganglion tumors (2/2), and widening of the facial nerve canal in intratemporal and intraparotid tumors (6/6). The characteristic location, shape and change in adjacent bony structures revealed by facial schwannomas on CT and MR examination lead to correct diagnosis.

2001-01-01

262

MRI findings of multiple sclerosis involving the brainstem  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To describe MRI findings of multiple sclerosis involving the brainstem. Among 35 cases of clinically definite multiple sclerosis, the authors retrospectively analysed 20 in which the brainstem was involved. MR images were analysed with regard to involvement sites in the brainstem or other locations, signal intensity, multiplicity, shape, enhancement pattern, and contiguity of brainstem lesions with cisternal or ventricular CSF space. The brainstem was the only site of involvement in five cases (25%), while simultaneous involvement of the brainstem and other sites was observed in 15 cases (75%). No case involved only the midbrain or medulla oblongata, and simultaneous involvement of the midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata was noted in 12 cases (60%). The most frequently involved region of the brainstem was the medulla oblongata (n=13; 90%), followed by the pons (n=17; 85%) and the midbrain (n=16; 80%). Compared with normal white matter, brainstem lesions showed low signal intensity on T1 weighted images, and high signal intensity on T2 weighted, proton density weighted, and FLAIR images. In 17 cases (85%), multiple intensity was observed, and the shape of lesions varied: oval, round, elliptical, patchy, crescentic, confluent or amorphous were seen on axial MR images, and in 14 cases (82%), coronal or sagittal scanning showed that lesions were long and tubular. Contiguity between brainstem lesions and cisternal or ventricular CSF space was seen in all cases (100%) involving midbrain (16/16) and medulla oblongata (18/18) and in 15 of 17 (88%) involving the pons. Contrast enhancement was apparent in 7 of 12 cases (58%). In the brainstem, MRI demonstrated partial or total contiguity between lesions and cisternal or ventricular CSF space, and coronal or sagittal images showed that lesions were long and tubuler.

Park, Jeong Hoon; Jeong, Hae Woong; Kim, Hyun Jin; Cho, Jae Kwoeng; Kim, Chang Soo [Maryknoll Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

2001-11-01

263

MRI findings of multiple sclerosis involving the brainstem  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To describe MRI findings of multiple sclerosis involving the brainstem. Among 35 cases of clinically definite multiple sclerosis, the authors retrospectively analysed 20 in which the brainstem was involved. MR images were analysed with regard to involvement sites in the brainstem or other locations, signal intensity, multiplicity, shape, enhancement pattern, and contiguity of brainstem lesions with cisternal or ventricular CSF space. The brainstem was the only site of involvement in five cases (25%), while simultaneous involvement of the brainstem and other sites was observed in 15 cases (75%). No case involved only the midbrain or medulla oblongata, and simultaneous involvement of the midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata was noted in 12 cases (60%). The most frequently involved region of the brainstem was the medulla oblongata (n=13; 90%), followed by the pons (n=17; 85%) and the midbrain (n=16; 80%). Compared with normal white matter, brainstem lesions showed low signal intensity on T1 weighted images, and high signal intensity on T2 weighted, proton density weighted, and FLAIR images. In 17 cases (85%), multiple intensity was observed, and the shape of lesions varied: oval, round, elliptical, patchy, crescentic, confluent or amorphous were seen on axial MR images, and in 14 cases (82%), coronal or sagittal scanning showed that lesions were long and tubular. Contiguity between brainstem lesions and cisternal or ventricular CSF space was seen in all cases (100%) involving midbrain (16/16) and medulla oblongata (18/18) and in 15 of 17 (88%) involving the pons. Contrast enhancement was apparent in 7 of 12 cases (58%). In the brainstem, MRI demonstrated partial or total contiguity between lesions and cisternal or ventricular CSF space, and coronal or sagittal images showed that lesions were long and tubuler

2001-01-01

264

The MRI findings of well-differentiated liposarcoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the MRI findings of well-differentiated liposarcoma. Ten well-differentiated liposarcomas surgically excised with histologic diagnosis were included in this study. The subjects consisted of five men and five women, with an average age of 62.5 years (range: 43-79 years). Six cases occurred in the thigh, two in the forearm, one in the shoulder, and one in the chest wall. Thickened septa (generally ?2 mm) of low T1 signal and high T2 signal, and prominent area of enhancement were suspicious for well-differentiated liposarcoma. So we checked these lesions and compared with the pathologic findings of these lesions. Thick septa and prominent area of enhancement were identified in all cases except one case who could not use Gadolinium. Pathologically, these lesions were composed of a relatively mature adipocytic proliferation in which, in contrast to benign lipoma, significant variation in cell size is easily appreciable. So we consider that thick septa and prominent area of enhancement are evidently suspicious lesions for well-differentiated liposarcoma. (author)

2008-01-01

265

CINE CLUB  

CERN Document Server

Thursday 11 November 2010 at 20:30 / Jeudi 11 Novembre 2010 à 20:30 CERN Main Auditorium / Amphithéâtre Principal LE CHOCOLAT By/de : Lasse Hallström (UK/USA, 2000) 121 min With/avec: Lena Olin, Juliette Binoche, Johny Depp, Judi Dench, Alfred Molina, Peter Stormare, Leslie Caron, Carrie-Anne Moss   Vianne Rocher and her young daughter are drifters who are met with skepticism and resistance when they move to a conservative town in rural France and open a chocolate shop during Lent. As Vianne begins to work her magic and help those around her, the townspeople are soon won over by her exuberance and her delicious chocolates - except for the mayor, who is determined to shut her down. When a group of river drifters visit the town, Vianne teaches the townspeople something about acceptance, and finds love for herself along the way. Original version english / french with german subtitles Version originale anglaise / française soutitr&...

CINE CLUB

2010-01-01

266

CINE CLUB  

CERN Document Server

Thursday 7 October 2010 at 20:30 Jeudi 7 Octobre 2010 à 20:30 CERN Main Auditorium Amphithéâtre Principal Mystic River   By/de : Clint Eastwood (USA, 2003) 132 min With/avec : Sean Penn, Tim Robbins, Kevin Bacon, Laurence Fishburne, Marcia Gay Harden, Laura Linney   During a summer in 1975, Dave Boyle and two friends, Jimmy and Sean, are playing on a sidewalk in Boston when Dave is abducted by two men and subjected to sexual abuse over a period of several days. Eventually escaping, but haunted into adulthood by his trauma, Dave becomes a primary suspect when Jimmy's daughter, Katie, is found murdered. Sean, assigned to investigate the crime, finds himself facing both demons from the past and demons in the present as the circumstances surrounding Katie's death are uncovered.   Original version english with english subtitles Version originale anglaise soutitrée en anglais * * * * * * * Thursday 14 October 2010 at 20:30 ...

CINE CLUB

2010-01-01

267

MRI findings of extracapsular spread in cervical lymph node metastasis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The extracapsular spread (ECS) in lymph node metastasis from head and neck cancer is a very important prognostic factor. However, diagnostic imagings of ECS in lymph node metastasis are rarely mentioned. We examined the characteristic findings of ECS in lymph node metastasis, using MRI. We studied 96 lymph nodes in 46 patients proven to have metastasis histopathologically. Fifty-one lymph nodes out of 96 were proven to be ECS histopathologically, and 45 other lymph nodes were non-ECS metastasis. We evaluated maximal longitudinal nodal length, the incidence of perinodal high intensity area (PNHIA) on STIR sequence and central necrosis with every ECS group and non ECS group. There were statistically significant differences between the ECS group and the non-ECS group in maximal longitudinal nodal length. It was suggested that maximal longitudinal nodal length may be a criterion of ECS. As the calculated maximum standard of non-ECS was 31.1 mm, we felt that this size may serve as a criterion of ECS. ECS smaller than our criteria was often found, histologically, in fact. Therefore, we proposed the importance of the PNHIA on STIR sequence. The incidence of this finding in the ECS group was higher than in the non-ECS group, with statistically significant differences. We felt that the presence of PNHIA on the STIR sequence may be a criterion of ECS. The incidence of central necrosis in the ECS group was higher than in the non-ECS group, with statistically significant differences. But, the incidence of this finding in the non-ECS group was also relatively high. It was suggested that this findings is not important criteria. (author)

2001-01-01

268

MRI findings of extracapsular spread in cervical lymph node metastasis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The extracapsular spread (ECS) in lymph node metastasis from head and neck cancer is a very important prognostic factor. However, diagnostic imagings of ECS in lymph node metastasis are rarely mentioned. We examined the characteristic findings of ECS in lymph node metastasis, using MRI. We studied 96 lymph nodes in 46 patients proven to have metastasis histopathologically. Fifty-one lymph nodes out of 96 were proven to be ECS histopathologically, and 45 other lymph nodes were non-ECS metastasis. We evaluated maximal longitudinal nodal length, the incidence of perinodal high intensity area (PNHIA) on STIR sequence and central necrosis with every ECS group and non ECS group. There were statistically significant differences between the ECS group and the non-ECS group in maximal longitudinal nodal length. It was suggested that maximal longitudinal nodal length may be a criterion of ECS. As the calculated maximum standard of non-ECS was 31.1 mm, we felt that this size may serve as a criterion of ECS. ECS smaller than our criteria was often found, histologically, in fact. Therefore, we proposed the importance of the PNHIA on STIR sequence. The incidence of this finding in the ECS group was higher than in the non-ECS group, with statistically significant differences. We felt that the presence of PNHIA on the STIR sequence may be a criterion of ECS. The incidence of central necrosis in the ECS group was higher than in the non-ECS group, with statistically significant differences. But, the incidence of this finding in the non-ECS group was also relatively high. It was suggested that this findings is not important criteria. (author)

Kojima, Kazuyuki; Abe, Toshi; Hayabuchi, Naofumi; Nakashima, Tadashi [Kurume Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). School of Medicine

2001-11-01

269

Cine Club  

CERN Multimedia

Wednesday 29 June 2011 at 20:30 CERN Council Chamber Arizona Dream  By/de : Emir Kusturica (USA/France, 1993) 142 min With/avec: Johnny Depp, Jerry Lewis, Fay Dunaway, Lily Taylor, Vincent Gallo A romantic comedy about the adventures of an innocent dreamer in the weird and colourful landscape of the American West. Caught between childhood and adulthood he finds himself back in his hometown where he becomes involved with a wealthy widow and her stepdaughter. Original version english; english subtitles Entrance : 2 CHF Projection from DVD http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/     Thursday 7 July 2011 at 20:30 CERN Council Chamber Burn After Reading  By/de : Ethan Coen and Joel Coen (USA/UK/France, 2008) 102 min With/avec: George Clooney, Frances McDormand, Brad Pitt, John Malkovich, Tilda Swinton Osbourne Cox, a Balkan expert, is fired at the CIA, so he begins a memoir. His wife wants a divorce and expects her lover, Harry, a philandering State Dep...

Ciné Club

2011-01-01

270

MRI findings of brain damage due to neonatal hypoglycemia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To report the MRI findings of brain damage observed in neonatal patients who suffered from isolated hypoglycemia and to explore the value of diffusion-weighted imaging(DWI) in early detection of neonatal hypoglycemic brain injury. Methods: Twelve neonates with isolated hypoglycemia (10 of the 12 were diagnosed to suffer from hypoglycemic encephalopathy) were enrolled in this study. They were first scanned at age from 3 days to 10 days with T1WI, T2WI and DWI(b is 0 s/mm2, 1000 s/mm2), and 4 of them were then scanned from 7 days to 10 days following the initial scan. All acquired MR images were retrospectively analysed. Results: First series of DWI images showed distinct hyperintense signal in 11 cases in several areas including bilateral occipital cortex (2 cases), right occipital cortex (1 case), left occipital cortex and subcortical white matter(1 case), bilateral occipital cortex and subcortical white matter (2 cases), bilateral parieto-occipital cortex (2 cases), bilateral parieto-occipital cortex and subcortical white matter(2 cases), the splenium of corpus callosum (4 cases), bilateral corona radiata( 2 cases), left caudate nucleus and globus pallidus (1 case), bilateral thalamus (1 case), bilaterally posterior limb of internal capsule (1 case). In the initial T1WI and T2WI images, there were subtle hypointensity in the damaged cortical areas (3 cases), hyperintensity in the bilaterally affected occipital cortex( 1 case) on T1 weighted images, and hyperintensity in the affected cortex and subcortical white matter with poor differentiation on T2 weighted images. The followed-up MRI of 4 cases showed regional encephalomalacia in the affected occipital lobes(4 cases), slightly hyperintensity on T2 weighted images in the damaged occipital cortex (2 cases), extensive demyelination (1 case), disappearance of hyperintensity of the splenium of corpus callosum (1 case), and persistent hyperintensity in the splenium of corpus callosum (1 case) on T2 weighted images. Conclusion: The findings suggest that posterior parieto-occipital regions are most frequently injured in neonatal period due to severe hypoglycemia. DWI is a useful technique in the early detection and evaluation of hypoglycemic brain injury of neonates. (authors)

2009-01-01

271

MRI reporting by radiographers: Findings of an accredited postgraduate programme  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To analyse the objective structured examination (OSE) results of the first three cohorts of radiographers (n = 39) who completed an accredited postgraduate certificate (PgC) programme in reporting of general magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigations and to compare the agreement rates with those demonstrated for a small group of consultant radiologists. Method: Forty MRI investigations were used in the OSE which included the following anatomical areas and abnormal appearances: knee; meniscal/ligament injuries, bone bruises, effusions and osteochondral defects; lumbar spine: intervertebral disc morphology, vertebral collapse, tumours (bone and soft tissue), spinal stenosis and/or nerve root involvement; internal auditory meati (IAM): acoustic neuroma. Incidental findings included maxillary polyp, arachnoid cyst, renal cyst, hydroureter, pleural effusion and metastases (adrenal, lung, perirenal and/or thoracic spine). Sensitivity, specificity and total percentage agreement rates were calculated for all radiographers (n = 39) using all reports (n = 1560). A small representative subgroup of reports (n = 27) was compared to the three consultant radiologists' reports which were produced when constructing the OSE. Kappa values were estimated to measure agreement in four groups: consultant radiologists only; radiographers and each of the consultant radiologists independently. Results: The sensitivity, specificity and agreement rates for the three cohorts (combined) of radiographers were 99.0%, 99.0% and 89.2%, respectively. For the majority (5/9) of anatomical areas and/or pathological categories no significant differences (p < 0.05) were found between the mean Kappa scores (K = 0.47-0.76) for different groups of observers, whether radiographers were included in the group analysis or not. Where differences were apparent, this was in cases (4/9) where the variation was either not greater than found between radiologists and/or of no clinical significance. These results suggest therefore that in an academic setting, these groups of radiographers have the ability to correctly identify normal investigations and are able to provide a report on the abnormal appearances to a high standard. Further work is required to confirm the clinical application of these findings.

Piper, Keith [Allied Heath Professions Department, Canterbury Christ Church University, North Holmes Road, Canterbury, Kent CT1 1QU (United Kingdom)], E-mail: keith.piper@canterbury.ac.uk; Buscall, Kaie [Allied Heath Professions Department, Canterbury Christ Church University, North Holmes Road, Canterbury, Kent CT1 1QU (United Kingdom); Thomas, Nigel [X-Ray Department, Trafford General Hospital, Manchester M41 5SL (United Kingdom)

2010-05-15

272

MRI findings in little leaguer's shoulder  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Little leaguer's shoulder, a stress injury of the proximal humeral physis, should be considered in the differential diagnosis for an adolescent baseball player with shoulder pain, especially if the player is pitching regularly in a competitive environment. While roentgenographs may or may not be helpful, depending on the duration and severity of the injury, we report the MRI appearance of a case of little leaguer's shoulder. We found MRI helpful in diagnosing injury to the growth plate that was radiographically occult; furthermore, we were able to document the patient's progress with a follow-up MRI examination, which showed improvement with treatment. (orig.)

Song, James C.; Lazarus, Martin L. [Northwestern University and Evanston Northwestern Healthcare, Department of Radiology, Evanston, IL (United States); Song, Alexandra Pae [Health Department, Evanston, IL (United States)

2006-02-15

273

Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy: MRI findings of osseous lesions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The case of a 20-year-old female with SHML and osseous involvement is presented. We describe three different patterns of involvement in the diametaphyseal portions of the long bones with similar MRI signal characteristics. (orig.)

Lin, J. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Illinois Hospital, Chicago, IL (United States); Lazarus, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Illinois Hospital, Chicago, IL (United States); Wilbur, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. of Illinois Hospital, Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-04-01

274

Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy: MRI findings of osseous lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The case of a 20-year-old female with SHML and osseous involvement is presented. We describe three different patterns of involvement in the diametaphyseal portions of the long bones with similar MRI signal characteristics. (orig.).

1996-01-01

275

Pediatric primary and metastatic neuroblastoma: MRI findings: pictorial review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become one of the most valuable modalities for initial and follow-up imaging of suspected or known neuroblastoma (NBL) owing to its excellent inherent contrast, lack of ionizing radiation and multiplanar imaging capability. Importantly, NBL has a variable appearance on different imaging modalities, and this is particularly pertinent to MRI. MRI is a cornerstone for management of NBL, providing essential information at initial presentation regarding diagnosis, staging, resectability and relation to vital structures. It can also define the extent of residual disease after surgical resection or assess the efficacy of treatment. Follow-up MRI is frequently performed to ensure sustained complete remission or to monitor known residual disease. This pictorial review article aims to provide the reader with a concise, yet comprehensive, collection of MR images of primary and metastatic NBL lesions with relevant correlation with other imaging modalities.

Nour-Eldin NE; Abdelmonem O; Tawfik AM; Naguib NN; Klingebiel T; Rolle U; Schwabe D; Harth M; Eltoukhy MM; Vogl TJ

2012-09-01

276

MRI and SPECT findings in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MRI was performed in 21 patients and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with N-isopropyl-p-123I iodoamphetamine in 16 patients, to visualize upper motor neurone lesions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. T2-weighted MRI revealed high signal along the course of the pyramidal tract in the internal capsule and cerebral peduncle in 4 of 21 patients. SPECT images were normal in 4 patients, but uptake was reduced in the cerebral cortex that includes the motor area in 11. (orig.)

1992-01-01

277

Malignant brachial plexopathy: A pictorial essay of MRI findings  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For imaging, the brachial plexus is a technically and anatomically challenging region of the peripheral nervous system. MRI has a central role in the identification and accurate characterization of malignant lesions arising here, as also in defining their extent and the status of the adjacent structures. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe the MRI features of primary and secondary malignant brachial plexopathies and radiation-induced brachial nerve damage.

Iyer Veena; Sanghvi Darshana; Merchant Nikhil

2010-01-01

278

Neurotuberculosis: Hallazgos intracraneanos en RM/ Neurotuberculosis: Intracranial MRI findings  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Objetivos. Mostrar nuestra casuística de pacientes con diagnóstico de tuberculosis intracraneana y describir los diferentes tipos de lesiones documentadas en Resonancia Magnética (RM) que caracterizan a esta entidad. Materiales y Métodos. Para el presente trabajo fueron seleccionados, de forma retrospectiva, 20 pacientes con hallazgos positivos de tuberculosis intracraneana. Doce eran de sexo masculino y 8 de sexo femenino, con un rango etario de 8 meses a 49 años de (more) edad (edad media: 21 años). El diagnóstico clínico fue realizado con punción lumbar y cultivo de LCR. Once pacientes presentaron serología positiva para VIH. Las RM fueron realizadas en resonadores de 0.5T y 1.5T, complementadas en dos casos con Tomografía Computada (TC) de cerebro. A dos pacientes se les realizó difusión (DWI) y a un paciente espectroscopía. Resultados. Del total de pacientes (n=20), 14 presentaron compromiso subaracnoideo en la convexidad y 13 compromiso subaracnoideo cisternal basal (afectación leptomeníngea). En 13 se observaron tuberculomas y 11 presentaron angeítis de grandes vasos; mientras que 7 tuvieron angeítis de pequeños vasos, 7 hidrocefalia, 6 infartos parenquimatosos y 1 afectación paquimeníngea. Quince pacientes tenían lesiones combinadas. Conclusión. La localización más frecuente de neurotuberculosis en esta serie fue meníngea con compromiso leptomeníngeo (14 pacientes con afectación subaracnoidea, seguido de afectación cisternal en 13 pacientes) y sólo en un caso fue paquimeníngea. La manifestación parenquimatosa más frecuente fue el tuberculoma (granulomas tuberculosos) con 13 casos. De estos, 5 presentaron un patrón miliar y sólo uno comportamiento pseudotumoral. Abstract in english Purposes. To report our case series of patients with a diagnosis of intracranial tuberculosis and to describe the different types of lesions characterizing this entity on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods. For the present study, we retrospectively selected 20 patients with positive MRI findings of intracranial tuberculosis. Twelve of them were males and 8 were females, with an age range of between 8 months and 49 years (mean age: 21years). Clinical d (more) iagnosis was obtained by lumbar puncture and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture. Eleven patients presented positive HIV serology. MRIs were performed using 0.5T and 1.5 T scanners and computed tomography (CT) of the brain was also performed in two patients. Diffusion-weighted technique was performed in two patients and spectroscopy in one patient. Results. Of the total patients studied (n=20), 14 presented convexity subarachnoid involvement and 13 subarachnoid basal cystern involvement (leptomeningeal involvement), 13 presented tuberculomas, 11 large-vessel angiitis, 7 smallvessel angiitis, 7 hydrocephalia, 6 parenchymatous infarction and one pachymeningeal involvement. Combined lesions were observed in 15 patients. Conclusion. The most frequent location of neurotuberculosis in this series was meningeal with leptomeningeal involvement (14 patients with subarachnoid involvement, followed by cysternal involvement in 13 patients), and only one patient had pachymeningeal involvement. The most frequent parenchymatous finding of tuberculosis was tuberculoma in 13 patients, 5 with a miliary pattern and only one with pseudo-tumoral behavior.

Docampo, Jorge; Mariluis, Carolina; González, Nadia; Morales, Carlos; Bruno, Claudio

2012-06-01

279

Neurotuberculosis: Hallazgos intracraneanos en RM Neurotuberculosis: Intracranial MRI findings  

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Full Text Available Objetivos. Mostrar nuestra casuística de pacientes con diagnóstico de tuberculosis intracraneana y describir los diferentes tipos de lesiones documentadas en Resonancia Magnética (RM) que caracterizan a esta entidad. Materiales y Métodos. Para el presente trabajo fueron seleccionados, de forma retrospectiva, 20 pacientes con hallazgos positivos de tuberculosis intracraneana. Doce eran de sexo masculino y 8 de sexo femenino, con un rango etario de 8 meses a 49 años de edad (edad media: 21 años). El diagnóstico clínico fue realizado con punción lumbar y cultivo de LCR. Once pacientes presentaron serología positiva para VIH. Las RM fueron realizadas en resonadores de 0.5T y 1.5T, complementadas en dos casos con Tomografía Computada (TC) de cerebro. A dos pacientes se les realizó difusión (DWI) y a un paciente espectroscopía. Resultados. Del total de pacientes (n=20), 14 presentaron compromiso subaracnoideo en la convexidad y 13 compromiso subaracnoideo cisternal basal (afectación leptomeníngea). En 13 se observaron tuberculomas y 11 presentaron angeítis de grandes vasos; mientras que 7 tuvieron angeítis de pequeños vasos, 7 hidrocefalia, 6 infartos parenquimatosos y 1 afectación paquimeníngea. Quince pacientes tenían lesiones combinadas. Conclusión. La localización más frecuente de neurotuberculosis en esta serie fue meníngea con compromiso leptomeníngeo (14 pacientes con afectación subaracnoidea, seguido de afectación cisternal en 13 pacientes) y sólo en un caso fue paquimeníngea. La manifestación parenquimatosa más frecuente fue el tuberculoma (granulomas tuberculosos) con 13 casos. De estos, 5 presentaron un patrón miliar y sólo uno comportamiento pseudotumoral.Purposes. To report our case series of patients with a diagnosis of intracranial tuberculosis and to describe the different types of lesions characterizing this entity on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods. For the present study, we retrospectively selected 20 patients with positive MRI findings of intracranial tuberculosis. Twelve of them were males and 8 were females, with an age range of between 8 months and 49 years (mean age: 21years). Clinical diagnosis was obtained by lumbar puncture and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture. Eleven patients presented positive HIV serology. MRIs were performed using 0.5T and 1.5 T scanners and computed tomography (CT) of the brain was also performed in two patients. Diffusion-weighted technique was performed in two patients and spectroscopy in one patient. Results. Of the total patients studied (n=20), 14 presented convexity subarachnoid involvement and 13 subarachnoid basal cystern involvement (leptomeningeal involvement), 13 presented tuberculomas, 11 large-vessel angiitis, 7 smallvessel angiitis, 7 hydrocephalia, 6 parenchymatous infarction and one pachymeningeal involvement. Combined lesions were observed in 15 patients. Conclusion. The most frequent location of neurotuberculosis in this series was meningeal with leptomeningeal involvement (14 patients with subarachnoid involvement, followed by cysternal involvement in 13 patients), and only one patient had pachymeningeal involvement. The most frequent parenchymatous finding of tuberculosis was tuberculoma in 13 patients, 5 with a miliary pattern and only one with pseudo-tumoral behavior.

Jorge Docampo; Carolina Mariluis; Nadia González; Carlos Morales; Claudio Bruno

2012-01-01

280

MRI findings of vascular dementia following hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage  

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This study reviewed 23 patients with vascular dementia following hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. There were 12 male and 11 female patients with an age range between 46 and 88 years (median, 62.6 years). They consisted of 9 putaminal, 9 thalamic and 5 recurrent hemorrhages. Vascular dementia was diagnosed by Hasegawa's test for the demented patient. Patients with Hasegawa's score of less than 21.5 were enrolled as dementia. A superconducting magnet MIR system (MRT-50A, 0.5 Tesla) was used. The highest incidence of finding depicted by MRI was cortical atrophy (100%), followed by periventricular high intensity zone (91.3%), periventricular of deep white matter patchy-like high intensity area (73.9%), hydrocephalus and multiple putaminal low intensity spots (52.1%), scattered cortical high intensity area (47.8%) and subdural ring-like high intensity zone (21.7%). Older group of more than 71 years had more frequent multiple putaminal low intensity spots, scattered cortical high intensity area, and relatively frequent hydrocephalus, periventricular high intensity zone, as compared with younger group of less than 69 years. Subdural ring-like high intensity zone was frequently observed in patients with an interval from onset of more than 2 years. Multiple putaminal low intensity spots were frequently seen in patients with less than 1 year's interval. Multiple putaminal low intensity spots and periventricular high intensity zone were more frequently observed in patients with thalamic and recurrent hemorrhages, periventricular or deep white matter patchy-like high intensity areas were seen more frequently in patients with putaminal hemorrhage. Both scattered cortical high intensity area and subdural ring-like high intensity zone were more frequently observed in patients with recurrent hemorrhages. Both hydrocephalus and multiple putaminal low intensity spots were more common in demented patients than predemented patients. (J.P.N.).

1990-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Tuberous sclerosis: diffusion MRI findings in the brain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Diffusion MRI has mainly been used for detection of acute ischemia, and for distinction of cytotoxic and vasogenic edema. We applied diffusion MRI in patients with tuberous sclerosis in order to evaluate diffusion imaging characteristics of parenchymal changes. Five children with known tuberous sclerosis were included in this study. The MRI examinations were performed on a 1.5-T MR unit. Diffusion MRI was obtained using the echo-planar imaging sequence. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values from the abnormal brain parenchyma were calculated directly from automatically generated ADC maps. Seven normal children were available for comparison. In this control group the mean ADC value of the normal white matter was 0.84±0.12 x 10-3 mm2/s. In tuberous sclerosis patients the mean ADC value of the white matter hamartomas (n=20) was apparently high (1.52±0.24 x 10-3 mm2/s) compared with that of normal white matter. The ADC value of calcified hamartomas was ''zero''. The ADC value within a giant cell tumor was 0.89 x 10-3 mm2/s, similar to that of normal cerebral white matter. The ADC maps were superior to b=1000 s/mm2 (true diffusion) images with respect to lesion evaluation, and they provided mathematical information on tissue integrity. With respect to detection of the exact numbers and sizes of the parenchymal hamartomas fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images were superior to ADC maps. It is believed that diffusion MRI can be useful in evaluation of various parenchymal changes associated with tuberous sclerosis. Further studies on tuberous sclerosis, and on various brain lesions, would provide increasing data on this relatively new MRI sequence. (orig.)

2002-01-01

282

Tuberous sclerosis: diffusion MRI findings in the brain  

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Diffusion MRI has mainly been used for detection of acute ischemia, and for distinction of cytotoxic and vasogenic edema. We applied diffusion MRI in patients with tuberous sclerosis in order to evaluate diffusion imaging characteristics of parenchymal changes. Five children with known tuberous sclerosis were included in this study. The MRI examinations were performed on a 1.5-T MR unit. Diffusion MRI was obtained using the echo-planar imaging sequence. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values from the abnormal brain parenchyma were calculated directly from automatically generated ADC maps. Seven normal children were available for comparison. In this control group the mean ADC value of the normal white matter was 0.84{+-}0.12 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s. In tuberous sclerosis patients the mean ADC value of the white matter hamartomas (n=20) was apparently high (1.52{+-}0.24 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s) compared with that of normal white matter. The ADC value of calcified hamartomas was ''zero''. The ADC value within a giant cell tumor was 0.89 x 10{sup -3} mm{sup 2}/s, similar to that of normal cerebral white matter. The ADC maps were superior to b=1000 s/mm{sup 2} (true diffusion) images with respect to lesion evaluation, and they provided mathematical information on tissue integrity. With respect to detection of the exact numbers and sizes of the parenchymal hamartomas fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images were superior to ADC maps. It is believed that diffusion MRI can be useful in evaluation of various parenchymal changes associated with tuberous sclerosis. Further studies on tuberous sclerosis, and on various brain lesions, would provide increasing data on this relatively new MRI sequence. (orig.)

Sener, R.N. [Department of Radiology, Ege University Hospital, Izmir (Turkey)

2002-01-01

283

Longitudinal study on MRI intensity changes of Machado-Joseph disease: correlation between MRI findings and neuropathological changes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To disclose the neuropathological progression course of Machado-Joseph disease (MJD), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of six genetically confirmed MJD cases (four males and two females, including an autopsied female, all unrelated to one another) were further investigated on neurodegeneration. Brain MRI studies were repeated in all cases at different stages of the disease. Ages at the first MRI study ranged from 47 to 65 years (55.2 ± 7.1), with observation periods from 4.5 to 10.6 years (6.95 ± 2.48). We paid particular attention to two types of previously reported MRI findings detectable using T2-weighted images. One is located just outside the internal capsules, and another in the pons. A linear high-intensity change along the internal capsules was detected in all cases, and showed progression during the observation period. A comparison between MRI and autopsy findings suggested that the lesion might reflect degeneration with neuronal loss, astrocytosis, and gliosis in the internal segment of the globus pallidus. A cross-shaped high-intensity change in the pons was well advanced but still incomplete in all cases. In this region, pontine transverse fibers were atrophic, while longitudinal fibers remained intact. Pontine nuclei showed apparent nerve cell loss, and the remaining cells had many 1C2-positive intranuclear inclusions. Since these findings were detected both by lifetime images and by postmortem examination, MRI intensity changes could track the progression of neurodegeneration. Based on a comparison between MRI findings and neuropathology, the degeneration of an internal segment of the globus pallidus (one of the pathological features of MJD) had progressed following the initial symptoms.

Horimoto Y; Matsumoto M; Akatsu H; Kojima A; Yoshida M; Nokura K; Yuasa H; Katada E; Yamamoto T; Kosaka K; Hashizume Y; Yamamoto H; Mitake S

2011-09-01

284

Wallerian degeneration of brain: MRI and CT findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Wallerian degeneration is well known as the anterograde degeneration of axon and their accompanying myelin sheath from injury to the proximal portion of the axon or its cell body. The most common cause of wallerian degeneration is cerebral infarction. Authors experienced three patients with old hemispheric infarct with typical wallerian degeneration in the brain stem, which was demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in two cases and CT in one case. This report demonstrates the wallerian degeneration in the corticospinal tract in on the MRI and CT with the brief review of literatures.

1992-01-01

285

Wallerian degeneration of brain: MRI and CT findings  

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Wallerian degeneration is well known as the anterograde degeneration of axon and their accompanying myelin sheath from injury to the proximal portion of the axon or its cell body. The most common cause of wallerian degeneration is cerebral infarction. Authors experienced three patients with old hemispheric infarct with typical wallerian degeneration in the brain stem, which was demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in two cases and CT in one case. This report demonstrates the wallerian degeneration in the corticospinal tract in on the MRI and CT with the brief review of literatures.

Choi, Woo Suk; Ryu, Kyung Nam [Kyung Hee University Hsopital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1992-11-15

286

MRI of articular cartilaginous lesions. MRI findings in osteoarthritis of the knee joint  

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An investigation was carried out to assess the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging for imaging of the knee joint, especially for detecting articular cartilaginous lesions associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. A total of 141 patients with osteoarthritis were examined (23 males, 118 females). Their age range was 40-93 (mean age 66.2). Using radiotherapy examinations, patients were classified according to Hokkaido University Classification Criteria; 22, 49, 46, 16, and 8 patients were classified as Type I, II, III, IV and V, respectively. Articular cartilage defects were examined using MRI, and the number of such defects increased as the X-ray stage progressed. The appearance of a low signal intensity area in the bone marrow was examined using MRI, and the number of patients observed to have such areas increased as the x-ray stages progressed. JOA OA scores were significantly low for patients with meniscal tears. Patients were classified and results reviewed using MRI examinations. Classification by MRI of articular cartilage lesions correlated with the JOA OA scores. Low signal intensity areas in the bone marrow were frequently observed in advanced osteoarthritis cases, and there was correlation between FTA and MRI classifications of these areas. MRI is extremely valuable in detecting articular cartilage lesions in the knee joint, showing those lesions which cannot be detected by conventional radiography examinations. Thus, MRI is judged to be a clinically useful method for diagnosis of osteoarthritis. (author).

Nozaki, Hiroyuki; Takezawa, Yuuichi [Toho Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Ohashi Hospital; Suguro, Tohru; Igata, Atsuomi; Kudo, Yukihiko; Motegi, Mitsuo

1995-03-01

287

Transient neonatal hypoglycemia: cranial US and MRI findings  

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A case of transient neonatal hypoglycemia with patchy hyperechogenic white matter abnormalities in the frontal and parietooccipital lobes on cranial US is presented. An MRI examination revealed T1 and T2 shortening of the lesions in the occipital and frontal white matter. Follow-up cranial US demonstrated recovery of white matter changes in the patient with normal neurological outcome. (orig.)

Cakmakci, H.; Usal, C.; Karabay, N.; Kovanlikaya, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Dokuz Eyluel Univ., Izmir (Turkey)

2001-12-01

288

MRI findings in the upper cervical spine of rheumatoid arthritis  

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In 55 patients with rheumatoid arthritis associated with upper cervical spine abnormality, the presence or absence of medullary and upper cervical pressures was examined on sagittal MRI scans. Atlanto-dental anterior incomplete dislocation and horizontal dislocation were imaged concurrently with X-rays. For horizontal dislocation, an abnormal Redlund-Johnell value and a Ranawat value of 7 mm or less were always associated with medullary pressure as seen on MRI. For anterior incomplete dislocation, upper cervical pressure was always associated when a space available for the spinal cord was 13 mm or less or frequently associated when the atlanto-dental interval was 8 mm or more. Many of the patients with the upper cervical abnormalities complained of occipital or cervical pain. The pain was always encountered in patients with an abnormal Redlund-Johnell value. Roentgenography of the cervical spine confirmed MRI-proven medullary or upper cervical pressure, suggesting the potential of MRI in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. (Namekawa, K).

Kawaida, Hidefumi; Sakou, Takashi; Morizono, Yoshiyuki; Yoshikuni, Nagatoshi; Taketomi, Eiji; Hashiguchi, Masanao

1989-04-01

289

MRI findings with periventricular leukomalacia. Correlation with neurological development  

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In 22 infants with PVL, who were born at 35 weeks gestational age or less, correlation between severity of white matter lesions on MRI and developmental quotient (DQ) of infants was studied. MRI was obtained later than 7 months of age and the severity of white matter lesions was classified as follows: Group I: periventricular white matter is focally affected (n=7), Group II: periventricular white matter is diffusely affected (n=10), and Group III: subcortical white matter is also affected (n=5). Perinatal characteristics including gestational weeks, birth weight, Apgar score, procedure of delivery, and duration of mechanical ventilation revealed no significant differences between the groups. Seventeen infants developed cerebral palsy, while the other 5 infants (4 in Group I, 1 in Group II) showed normal development at 1 year of age, MRI of 4 among these 5 infants only revealed unilateral cysts around the anterior horn of lateral ventricles. Enjoji developmental test showed significant differences in gross motor DQ between Group I and III at both 1 and 2 corrected ages. Although more quantitative criteria will be required for precise classification, it is suggested that the severity of the white matter lesions on MRI is well correlated with gross motor development in PVL. (author)

Uehara, Hisakazu; Yoshioka, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Koh; Doi, Yasuo; Matsuo, Yasutaka; Murata, Miyuki; Sawada, Tadashi [Kyoto Prefectural Univ. of Medicine (Japan); Kotani, Hiromi; Goma, Hideyo

1998-08-01

290

Malignant brachial plexopathy: A pictorial essay of MRI findings  

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For imaging, the brachial plexus is a technically and anatomically challenging region of the peripheral nervous system. MRI has a central role in the identification and accurate characterization of malignant lesions arising here, as also in defining their extent and the status of the adjacent struct...

Iyer Veena; Sanghvi Darshana; Merchant Nikhil

291

MRI findings in the upper cervical spine of rheumatoid arthritis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 55 patients with rheumatoid arthritis associated with upper cervical spine abnormality, the presence or absence of medullary and upper cervical pressures was examined on sagittal MRI scans. Atlanto-dental anterior incomplete dislocation and horizontal dislocation were imaged concurrently with X-rays. For horizontal dislocation, an abnormal Redlund-Johnell value and a Ranawat value of 7 mm or less were always associated with medullary pressure as seen on MRI. For anterior incomplete dislocation, upper cervical pressure was always associated when a space available for the spinal cord was 13 mm or less or frequently associated when the atlanto-dental interval was 8 mm or more. Many of the patients with the upper cervical abnormalities complained of occipital or cervical pain. The pain was always encountered in patients with an abnormal Redlund-Johnell value. Roentgenography of the cervical spine confirmed MRI-proven medullary or upper cervical pressure, suggesting the potential of MRI in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. (Namekawa, K)

1989-01-01

292

MRI findings of eosinophilic myelomeningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AIM: To study the imaging characteristics of eosinophilic myelomeningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen MRI examinations of the brain and spinal cord in five patients with angiostrongyliasis cantonensis of the central nervous system were performed. The final diagnosis was based on typical clinical symptoms, results of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests, and the presence of nematode larvae in the CSF. The sequential MRI follow-up examinations were carried out at a different stage for every patient from 1 to 28 weeks after the onset of symptoms. The features of the lesions in the brain, spinal cord, meninges and nerve roots on MRI were studied, moreover, the development of the lesions was analysed on follow-up MRI. RESULTS: Abnormalities were demonstrated on MRI in all five cases. They included three cases of meningoencephalitis, one case of encephalitis and one myelomeningitis. The locations and appearances of the lesions were as follows: (1) brain involvement in four cases (including cerebrum in four, cerebellum in two and brain stem in three), and spinal cord involvement in one case. These lesions were diffuse or scattered and appeared as similar or slightly reduced signal intensity on T1-weighted images (T1WI), high signal intensity on T2-weighted images (T2WI) and turbo fluid attenuated inversion recovery pulse sequence (FLAIR) images. After administration of gadolinium chelate (Gd-DTPA), multiple round or oval enhancing nodules, with diameters ranging from 3 to 10 mm, were seen on T1WI, a few lesions appeared as stick-shaped enhancement whose longest measurement was 14 mm. Diffuse or local oedema around the lesion could be seen. (2) Meningeal involvement in four cases, a case of ependymal involvement and a case of nerve root involvement were among them. These lesions appeared as linear or nodular enhancement of the leptomeninges and ependyma, as well as nerve root enhancement. (3) There was a mild ventricular enlargement in two cases. On follow-up MRI lesions were most severe from the 5th week to the 8th week and it took at least 4-8 weeks (1-2 months) for a lesion to resolve completely, the resolution of larger lesion needed more than 22 weeks. CONCLUSION: Multiple enhancing nodules in the brain and linear enhancement in the leptomeninges were the main features; stick-shaped enhancement was the characteristic sign of the disease on Gd-DTPA enhanced-T1 weighted images

2005-01-01

293

MRI findings of eosinophilic myelomeningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis  

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AIM: To study the imaging characteristics of eosinophilic myelomeningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen MRI examinations of the brain and spinal cord in five patients with angiostrongyliasis cantonensis of the central nervous system were performed. The final diagnosis was based on typical clinical symptoms, results of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests, and the presence of nematode larvae in the CSF. The sequential MRI follow-up examinations were carried out at a different stage for every patient from 1 to 28 weeks after the onset of symptoms. The features of the lesions in the brain, spinal cord, meninges and nerve roots on MRI were studied, moreover, the development of the lesions was analysed on follow-up MRI. RESULTS: Abnormalities were demonstrated on MRI in all five cases. They included three cases of meningoencephalitis, one case of encephalitis and one myelomeningitis. The locations and appearances of the lesions were as follows: (1) brain involvement in four cases (including cerebrum in four, cerebellum in two and brain stem in three), and spinal cord involvement in one case. These lesions were diffuse or scattered and appeared as similar or slightly reduced signal intensity on T1-weighted images (T1WI), high signal intensity on T2-weighted images (T2WI) and turbo fluid attenuated inversion recovery pulse sequence (FLAIR) images. After administration of gadolinium chelate (Gd-DTPA), multiple round or oval enhancing nodules, with diameters ranging from 3 to 10 mm, were seen on T1WI, a few lesions appeared as stick-shaped enhancement whose longest measurement was 14 mm. Diffuse or local oedema around the lesion could be seen. (2) Meningeal involvement in four cases, a case of ependymal involvement and a case of nerve root involvement were among them. These lesions appeared as linear or nodular enhancement of the leptomeninges and ependyma, as well as nerve root enhancement. (3) There was a mild ventricular enlargement in two cases. On follow-up MRI lesions were most severe from the 5th week to the 8th week and it took at least 4-8 weeks (1-2 months) for a lesion to resolve completely, the resolution of larger lesion needed more than 22 weeks. CONCLUSION: Multiple enhancing nodules in the brain and linear enhancement in the leptomeninges were the main features; stick-shaped enhancement was the characteristic sign of the disease on Gd-DTPA enhanced-T1 weighted images.

Jin, E.; Ma, D.; Liang, Y.; Ji, A.; Gan, S

2005-02-01

294

MRI findings in neuro-Behcet's disease  

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AIM: To evaluate the pattern and site of involvement in neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with NBD were evaluated. Using 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), T1-weighted axial and sagittal images, gadolinium enhanced axial and coronal images and T2-weighted axial images were obtained. RESULTS: The brainstem, basal ganglia, cerebral white matter, internal capsule, thalamus and spinal cord were involved in eighteen, nine, nine, seven, six and two patients, respectively. In nine patients with cerebral white matter involvement, four had subcortical involvement and three had periventricular involvement, in addition to two patients with focal deep white matter lesions. Among the brainstem lesions, pons involvement was seen in fourteen patients, all had ventrally located lesions, and nine had tegmental involvement. Midbrain involvement was seen in fourteen patients; the cerebral peduncle was involved in 11 of these. Five patients had brainstem atrophy: two cases were demonstrated at initial MRI, the other three cases were seen on follow-up MRI. Pyramidal signs, the most common neurological signs, were demonstrated in fourteen patients. Follow-up MRI was obtained 10 days to 20 months after the initial MRI in eight cases; all showed changes in size, shape and site of involvement. After gadolinium enhancement, thirteen patients demonstrated mottled non-confluent enhancement in the brainstem (eight patients), posterior limb of the internal capsule (three patients), pachymeninges (two patients) and spinal cord (two patients). CONCLUSION: NBD manifests a reversible course, but chronic NBD may result in brainstem atrophy. Characteristic involvement along the corticospinal tract is well correlated with neurological signs. Lee, S. H. et al. (2001)

Lee, Sang Hoon; Yoon, Pyeong Ho; Park, Sang Joon; Kim, Dong Ik

2001-06-01

295

Diffusion-weighted imaging findings on MRI as the sole radiographic findings in a child with proven herpes simplex encephalitis  

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We present a case of herpes simplex encephalitis in an 8-year-old girl, in whom hyperintensity was detected on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) while conventional MRI sequences were normal 1 week after the onset of neurological symptoms. This case is rare in that a child beyond the neonatal period with focal herpes simplex encephalitis had an abnormal DWI sequence as the only MRI finding. (orig.)

Obeid, Makram; Franklin, Jeremy; Shrestha, Shraddha; Johnson, Lara; Hurst, Daniel [Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Department of Pediatrics, Lubbock, TX (United States); Quattromani, Frank [Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Department of Radiology, Lubbock, TX (United States)

2007-11-15

296

Diffusion-weighted imaging findings on MRI as the sole radiographic findings in a child with proven herpes simplex encephalitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a case of herpes simplex encephalitis in an 8-year-old girl, in whom hyperintensity was detected on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) while conventional MRI sequences were normal 1 week after the onset of neurological symptoms. This case is rare in that a child beyond the neonatal period with focal herpes simplex encephalitis had an abnormal DWI sequence as the only MRI finding. (orig.)

2007-01-01

297

Subacute Combined Degeneration: A Case With Spinal MRI Findings Improving Before The Clinical Features  

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Full Text Available We report a 66-year-old lady with myelopathy due to vitamin B12 deficiency. Spinal MRI revealed coalescent hyperintensities of the dorsal cervical and thoracic spinal cord on T2-weighted images. After three months of vitamin B12 treatment MRI findings disappeared before complete remission of the clinical features.

Nicer Korkut BICAK; Nese CELEBISOY

2007-01-01

298

A prospective study on MRI findings and prognostic factors in athletes with MTSS.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) bone marrow and periosteal edema of the tibia on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently reported. The relationship between these MRI findings and recovery has not been previously studied. This prospective study describes MRI findings of 52 athletes with MTSS. Baseline characteristics were recorded and recovery was related to these parameters and MRI findings to examine for prognostic factors. Results showed that 43.5% of the symptomatic legs showed bone marrow or periosteal edema. Absence of periosteal and bone marrow edema on MRI was associated with longer recovery (P?=?0.033 and P?=?0.013). A clinical scoring system for sports activity (SARS score) was significantly higher in the presence of bone marrow edema (P?=?0.027). When clinical scoring systems (SARS score and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale) were combined in a model, time to recovery could be predicted substantially (explaining 54% of variance, P?=?0.006). In conclusion, in athletes with MTSS, bone marrow or periosteal edema is seen on MRI in 43,5% of the symptomatic legs. Furthermore, periosteal and bone marrow edema on MRI and clinical scoring systems are prognostic factors. Future studies should focus on MRI findings in symptomatic MTSS and compare these with a matched control group.

Moen MH; Schmikli SL; Weir A; Steeneken V; Stapper G; de Slegte R; Tol JL; Backx FJ

2012-04-01

299

A prospective study on MRI findings and prognostic factors in athletes with MTSS.  

Science.gov (United States)

In medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) bone marrow and periosteal edema of the tibia on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently reported. The relationship between these MRI findings and recovery has not been previously studied. This prospective study describes MRI findings of 52 athletes with MTSS. Baseline characteristics were recorded and recovery was related to these parameters and MRI findings to examine for prognostic factors. Results showed that 43.5% of the symptomatic legs showed bone marrow or periosteal edema. Absence of periosteal and bone marrow edema on MRI was associated with longer recovery (P?=?0.033 and P?=?0.013). A clinical scoring system for sports activity (SARS score) was significantly higher in the presence of bone marrow edema (P?=?0.027). When clinical scoring systems (SARS score and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale) were combined in a model, time to recovery could be predicted substantially (explaining 54% of variance, P?=?0.006). In conclusion, in athletes with MTSS, bone marrow or periosteal edema is seen on MRI in 43,5% of the symptomatic legs. Furthermore, periosteal and bone marrow edema on MRI and clinical scoring systems are prognostic factors. Future studies should focus on MRI findings in symptomatic MTSS and compare these with a matched control group. PMID:22515327

Moen, M H; Schmikli, S L; Weir, A; Steeneken, V; Stapper, G; de Slegte, R; Tol, J L; Backx, F J G

2012-04-20

300

Liver involvement in HELLP syndrome: CT and MRI findings in two patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report features the CT and MRI findings in two patients with HELLP syndrome, upper abdominal pain, and severe liver cell dysfunction. Despite the extensive hepatic abnormalities seen on CT and MRI studies, both patients recovered fully after delivery. The role of imaging studies for diagnosis and treatment planning in the clinical setting of HELLP syndrome is discussed. (orig.)

Hoe, L. van [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Amant, F. [Dept. of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Gryspeerdt, S. [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Marchal, G. [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Verhaeghe, J. [Dept. of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Baert, A. [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium)

1995-11-01

 
 
 
 
301

Liver involvement in HELLP syndrome: CT and MRI findings in two patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report features the CT and MRI findings in two patients with HELLP syndrome, upper abdominal pain, and severe liver cell dysfunction. Despite the extensive hepatic abnormalities seen on CT and MRI studies, both patients recovered fully after delivery. The role of imaging studies for diagnosis and treatment planning in the clinical setting of HELLP syndrome is discussed. (orig.)

1995-01-01

302

Ultrasound and MRI findings in appendicular and truncal fat necrosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The objective was to evaluate ultrasound and MRI in clinical appendicular and truncal fat necrosis. Thirty-three patients (14 men, 19 women, median age 55, range 29-95) were retrospectively evaluated. Histologically, three groups were seen: Group 1 (n = 18) consisted of patients with subcutaneous masses with septal and extrinsic oedema; in Group 2 (n = 11) necrosis occurred within lipomatous tumours and little oedema; and in Group 3 (n = 4) there were large complex masses consistent with Morel-Lavallee lesions. Two experienced radiologists reviewed MR (n = 30) and ultrasound (n = 32) images with consensus agreement. MRI was performed on a 1.5T system with T1-weighted, T2-weighted fat-suppressed and T1-weighted fat-suppressed post-intravenous gadolinium sequences obtained in two orthogonal planes. Ultrasound (linear 5- to 13.5-MHz probe) was performed in the longitudinal and short axis. Anatomical position, size, shape (oval, linear, ill-defined), internal architecture (lobules, septi or stranding), intrinsic signal characteristics, presence of surrounding pseudocapsule, extrinsic linear stranding and vascularity (gadolinium enhancement or power Doppler) were recorded. Anatomical locations were buttock/thigh (n = 17), leg (n = 6), upper limb (n = 5) and thoracic/abdominal wall (n = 5) with the majority of lesions (30 out of 33) oval/linear in shape. On ultrasound and MRI most lesions showed internal fat lobules, intervening septi and a surrounding pseudocapsule. Fat necrosis can usually be identified as containing multiple fat lobules on ultrasound and MRI despite a varying degree of inflammatory change surrounding and within the mass. (orig.)

2008-01-01

303

CT and MRI findings of 4th ventricular tumors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of our study is to evaluate characteristic features of 4th ventricular tumors in CT and MRI. Pathologically proved 9 patients with 4th ventricular tumor were examined by CT and/or MRI. 4th ventricular tumors were ependymoma(4 cases), medulloblastoma(2 case), choroid plexus papilloma(2 cases), and oligodendroglioma(1 cases). Include in our study were only those mass lesions that were located at surgery predominantly within 4th ventricle with or without ventricular expansion. The origin of 4th ventricular tumor was the roof (ependymoma 3 cases, medulloblastoma 2 cases), the floor (ependymoma 1 cases), and the undetermined(remaining 3 case). On MRI, all tumors were hypointense except ependymoma (3 cases) showing isointensity on T1WI. All tumors were hypointense on PDWI and T2WI. On Gd-DTPA enhanced T1WI, strong enhancement was seen in all but ependymoma(1 cases) which showed mild enhancement. On CT, as compared with MR images, various density on precontrast and postcontrast images were seen. Calcification was seen in choroid plexus papilloma(1 caes) and oligodendroglioma(1 cases). Hydrocephalus is seen in all cases except ependymoma(2 cases) and oligodendroglioma(1 case). Hemorrhage within tumor was present only in ependymoma(2 cases). Cystic change or necrosis of tumor was seen in ependymoma(3 cases), choroid plexus papilloma(1 case), and oligodendroglioma(1 case). Peritumoral edema was seen in medulloblastoma(1 case). Extension through the foramen Luschka and the Megendie was seen in ependymoma (2 cases), choroid plexus(2 cases), and medulloblastoma (1 case). Seeing along the CSF pathway was seen only in ependymoma(2 case). The results od our study may suggest that specific diagnosis of 4th ventricular tumor can be suggested preoperatively by analysing the origin in 4th ventricle, difference of CT density or MRI signal intensity, presence of extension or seeding through cerebrospinal fluid of the lesion.

Kim, Taek Geun; Ro, Hee Jeong; Byun, Jae Young; Lee, Han Jin; Chung, Myung Hee; Choi, Kyu Ho; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic University Medical College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1994-10-15

304

CT and MRI findings of 4th ventricular tumors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of our study is to evaluate characteristic features of 4th ventricular tumors in CT and MRI. Pathologically proved 9 patients with 4th ventricular tumor were examined by CT and/or MRI. 4th ventricular tumors were ependymoma(4 cases), medulloblastoma(2 case), choroid plexus papilloma(2 cases), and oligodendroglioma(1 cases). Include in our study were only those mass lesions that were located at surgery predominantly within 4th ventricle with or without ventricular expansion. The origin of 4th ventricular tumor was the roof (ependymoma 3 cases, medulloblastoma 2 cases), the floor (ependymoma 1 cases), and the undetermined(remaining 3 case). On MRI, all tumors were hypointense except ependymoma (3 cases) showing isointensity on T1WI. All tumors were hypointense on PDWI and T2WI. On Gd-DTPA enhanced T1WI, strong enhancement was seen in all but ependymoma(1 cases) which showed mild enhancement. On CT, as compared with MR images, various density on precontrast and postcontrast images were seen. Calcification was seen in choroid plexus papilloma(1 caes) and oligodendroglioma(1 cases). Hydrocephalus is seen in all cases except ependymoma(2 cases) and oligodendroglioma(1 case). Hemorrhage within tumor was present only in ependymoma(2 cases). Cystic change or necrosis of tumor was seen in ependymoma(3 cases), choroid plexus papilloma(1 case), and oligodendroglioma(1 case). Peritumoral edema was seen in medulloblastoma(1 case). Extension through the foramen Luschka and the Megendie was seen in ependymoma (2 cases), choroid plexus(2 cases), and medulloblastoma (1 case). Seeing along the CSF pathway was seen only in ependymoma(2 case). The results od our study may suggest that specific diagnosis of 4th ventricular tumor can be suggested preoperatively by analysing the origin in 4th ventricle, difference of CT density or MRI signal intensity, presence of extension or seeding through cerebrospinal fluid of the lesion.

1994-01-01

305

Can pathoanatomical pathways of degeneration in lumbar motion segments be identified by clustering MRI findings  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for detailed visualisation of spinal pathological and degenerative processes, but the prevailing view is that such imaging findings have little or no clinical relevance for low back pain. This is because these findings appear to have little association with treatment effects in clinical populations, and mostly a weak association with the presence of pain in the general population.However, almost all research into these associations is based on the examination of individual MRI findings, despite its being very common for multiple MRI findings to coexist. Therefore, this proof-of-concept study investigated the capacity of a multivariable statistical method to identify clusters of MRI findings and for those clusters to be grouped into pathways of vertebral degeneration.

Jensen, Rikke Krüger; Jensen, Tue S

2013-01-01

306

Prenatal MRI Findings of Fetuses with Congenital High Airway Obstruction Sequence  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To define the MRI findings of congenital high airway obstruction sequence (CHAOS) in a series of fetuses. Prenatal fetal MR images were reviewed in seven fetuses with CHAOS at 21 to 27 weeks of gestation. The MRI findings were reviewed. The MRI parameters evaluated included the appearance of the lungs and diaphragm, presence or absence of hydrops, amount of amniotic fluid, airway appearance, predicted level of airway obstruction, and any additional findings or suspected genetic syndromes. All the fetuses viewed (7 of 7) demonstrated the following MRI findings: dilated airway below the level of obstruction, increased lung signal, markedly increased lung volumes with flattened or inverted hemidiaphragms, massive ascites, centrally positioned and compressed heart, as well as placentomegaly. Other frequent findings were anasarca (6 of 7) and polyhydramnios (3 of 7). MRI identified the level of obstruction as laryngeal in five cases and tracheal in two cases. In four of the patients, surgery or autopsy confirmed the MRI predicted level of obstruction. Associated abnormalities were found in 4 of 7 (genetic syndromes in 2). Postnatal radiography (n = 3) showed markedly hyperinflated lungs with inverted or flattened hemidiaphragms, strandy perihilar opacities, pneumothoraces and tracheotomy. Two fetuses were terminated and one fetus demised in utero. Four fetuses were delivered via ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure. MRI shows a consistent pattern of abnormalities in fetuses with CHAOS, accurately identifies the level of airway obstruction, and helps differentiate from other lung abnormalities such as bilateral congenital pulmonary airway malformation by demonstrating an abnormally dilated airway distal to the obstruction.

Guimaraes, Carolina V. A.; Linam, Leann E.; Kline-Fath, Beth M. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati (United States)] (and others)

2009-04-15

307

Prenatal MRI Findings of Fetuses with Congenital High Airway Obstruction Sequence  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To define the MRI findings of congenital high airway obstruction sequence (CHAOS) in a series of fetuses. Prenatal fetal MR images were reviewed in seven fetuses with CHAOS at 21 to 27 weeks of gestation. The MRI findings were reviewed. The MRI parameters evaluated included the appearance of the lungs and diaphragm, presence or absence of hydrops, amount of amniotic fluid, airway appearance, predicted level of airway obstruction, and any additional findings or suspected genetic syndromes. All the fetuses viewed (7 of 7) demonstrated the following MRI findings: dilated airway below the level of obstruction, increased lung signal, markedly increased lung volumes with flattened or inverted hemidiaphragms, massive ascites, centrally positioned and compressed heart, as well as placentomegaly. Other frequent findings were anasarca (6 of 7) and polyhydramnios (3 of 7). MRI identified the level of obstruction as laryngeal in five cases and tracheal in two cases. In four of the patients, surgery or autopsy confirmed the MRI predicted level of obstruction. Associated abnormalities were found in 4 of 7 (genetic syndromes in 2). Postnatal radiography (n = 3) showed markedly hyperinflated lungs with inverted or flattened hemidiaphragms, strandy perihilar opacities, pneumothoraces and tracheotomy. Two fetuses were terminated and one fetus demised in utero. Four fetuses were delivered via ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure. MRI shows a consistent pattern of abnormalities in fetuses with CHAOS, accurately identifies the level of airway obstruction, and helps differentiate from other lung abnormalities such as bilateral congenital pulmonary airway malformation by demonstrating an abnormally dilated airway distal to the obstruction

2009-01-01

308

Cine e identidades virtuales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The subject is the ability the cinema has performed - since its very begining - as a creation instrument of national and transnational identities. In the first place, it covers Spanish cinema since 1938 and right after the end of the Spanish Civil War, II World War Italian-German cinema, Eisenstein’s, Leni Riefenstahl’s, Griffth’s and Ford’s cinema, the role American war and science fiction productions played, as well as the comedies dealing with the divided Berlin subject. The role of computers and video-games and the new cinema positionings that forecast the end of what is real, is studied through films such as Tron, The Lawnmower Man, Johnny Mnemonic, Ghost in the shell, Simone o Matrix.Se estudia la capacidad del cine desde sus orígenes como instrumento de generación de identidades nacionales y transnacionales. Se realiza, en primer lugar, un recorrido por el cine español desde 1938 y tras el final de la guerra civil, el cine italo-alemán de la II Guerra Mundial, el cine de Eisenstein, Leni Riefenstahl, Griffth y Ford, y el papel que jugaron las producciones norteamericanas bélicas y de ciencia ficción, así como las comedias sobre el Berlín dividido. El papel de los ordenadores y los videojuegos, y los nuevos planteamientos cinematográficos que pronostican el final de lo real se estudia a través de películas como Tron, El cortador de césped, Johnny Mnemonic, Ghost in the shell, Simone o Matrix.

Labrador Ben, Julia María

2006-01-01

309

Brain lesions in neurofibromatosis: clinical and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Neurofibromatosis is the commonest neuroectodermal disease. It is characterized by dysplasias and/or tumors of organs and tissues derived from the embryonic ectoderm, and most frequently presents with nervous system and cutaneous lesions. It can be classified as neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF-2 or bilateral acoustic neurofibromatosis). In order to assess clinical presentation of the disease and diagnostic value of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), the authors retrospectively evaluated the clinical records and the cranial MR studies of 21 patients with neurofibromatosis (18 with NF-1 and 3 with NF-2). Distinctive abnormalities between the two types were found in both clinical presentation and MR studies. Clinically, NF-1 patients presented most often with blindness, while NF-2 patients were deaf and had fewer cutaneous lesions. The evaluation of MR studies showed that NF-1 patients were more likely to be affected with intracranial gliomas, predominantly of the optic pathways. Moreover, foci of prolonged T2 relaxation were frequently observed, primarily in the globus pallidus of the basal ganglia and in the dentate nucleus of the cerebellum. Some of the foci in the globi pallidi exhibited increased signal intensity on T1-weighted images as well. NF-2 patients more frequently presented with bilateral acoustic schwannomas, meningiomas and cerebral white matter foci of prolonged T2 relaxation, but they did not have dentate and basal ganglia lesions. The authors conclude that as a rule the manifestations of NF-1 and NF-2 on cranial MRI are separate and distinct; they do not overlap. MRI is an useful clinical tool for the diagnosis and the follow-up of patients with neurofibromatosis

1990-01-01

310

Cyclic sciatica caused by infiltrative endometriosis: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Endometriosis, an important gynecological disorder of reproductive women, affects most commonly the ovaries and less frequently the gastrointestinal tract, chest, urinary tract, and soft tissues. Endometriosis classically appears on MRI as a mass with a large cystic component and variable signal intensities on T1- and T2-weighted images due to the presence of variable degradation of hemorrhagic products. Endometriosis in an atypical location, an infiltrative appearance and without cystic-hemorrhagic components has rarely been described. We report on a 33-year-old woman with cyclic sciatica due to histologically documented infiltrative endometriosis involving the area of the left sciatic notch. (orig.)

2004-01-01

311

MRI Findings of Primary CNS Lymphoma in 26 Immunocompetent Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To record the MR imaging features of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and compare these features in monofocal and multifocal disease. Twenty-one cases of monofocal disease were compared to five cases of multifocal disease. All patients were examined by nonenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Tumor location, tumor size, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, age distribution, peritumoral edema, cystic changes, and the presence of calcifications were assessed. The MRI features were compared between the monofocal and multifocal disease cases. The 26 cases, including both the monofocal and multifocal cases, exhibited 37 lesions. Contrast-enhanced images showed variable enhancement patterns: homogeneous enhancement (33 lesions), ring-like enhancement (2), and 'open-ring-like' enhancement (2). The 'notch sign' was noted in four of 33 homogeneously enhancing lesions. One case of hemorrhage and three cases of cystic formation were observed. Intra-tumoral calcification was not found. The frontal lobe, the corpus callosum and the basal ganglia were commonly affected in both the monofocal and multifocal groups. Tumor size differed significantly between the two groups (t = 3.129, p 0.05) and the signal characteristics (p > 0.05) between the two groups. Our data show that PCNSL has a variable enhancement pattern on MR images. We first reported two lesions with an 'open-ring' enhancement as well as four cases with a 'notch sign'. Monofocal PCNSL cases typically have larger sized tumors with mild or moderate enhancement

2010-01-01

312

Age-related findings on MRI in neurofibromatosis type 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] T2 hyperintensities (T2H) on MRI are the most common CNS lesions in individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The aim was to determine the frequency, signal characteristics and localization of T2H at different ages. In addition, we examined the sensitivity of different MR imaging sequences in detecting these lesions. We studied prospectively a cohort of children, adolescents and young adults with NF1 using T2-volume (T2-V) and conventional MRI sequences. Lesions were designated as either discrete or diffuse, and the region of signal abnormality was recorded. A total of 103 patients were studied (age range 8.0-25.4 years, mean 13.9 years). The frequency, size, and intensity of T2H decreased with age in the basal ganglia (BG) and the cerebellum/brainstem (CB/BS). The majority of thalamic and CB/BS lesions were diffuse. Of the total cohort, 80% had diffuse bilateral hippocampal hyperintensities and 18.4% had hemispheric lesions best demonstrated on FLAIR; there was no significant difference in the frequency or signal intensity of hemispheric lesions with age. Lesions in the cerebral hemispheres and hippocampus imaged by MR do not change in prevalence over time, suggesting a different pathological basis from the lesions in the in BG and CB/BS that resolve with age. FLAIR and T2-V sequences are more sensitive in detecting lesions than standard T2-weighted sequences. (orig.)

2006-01-01

313

Age-related findings on MRI in neurofibromatosis type 1  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

T2 hyperintensities (T2H) on MRI are the most common CNS lesions in individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The aim was to determine the frequency, signal characteristics and localization of T2H at different ages. In addition, we examined the sensitivity of different MR imaging sequences in detecting these lesions. We studied prospectively a cohort of children, adolescents and young adults with NF1 using T2-volume (T2-V) and conventional MRI sequences. Lesions were designated as either discrete or diffuse, and the region of signal abnormality was recorded. A total of 103 patients were studied (age range 8.0-25.4 years, mean 13.9 years). The frequency, size, and intensity of T2H decreased with age in the basal ganglia (BG) and the cerebellum/brainstem (CB/BS). The majority of thalamic and CB/BS lesions were diffuse. Of the total cohort, 80% had diffuse bilateral hippocampal hyperintensities and 18.4% had hemispheric lesions best demonstrated on FLAIR; there was no significant difference in the frequency or signal intensity of hemispheric lesions with age. Lesions in the cerebral hemispheres and hippocampus imaged by MR do not change in prevalence over time, suggesting a different pathological basis from the lesions in the in BG and CB/BS that resolve with age. FLAIR and T2-V sequences are more sensitive in detecting lesions than standard T2-weighted sequences. (orig.)

Gill, Deepak S. [Children' s Hospital at Westmead, The T. Y. Nelson Department of Neurology, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Hyman, Shelley L. [Children' s Hospital at Westmead, Neurogenetics Research Unit, Sydney (Australia); Steinberg, Adam [Children' s Hospital at Westmead, Department of Radiology, Sydney (Australia); North, Kathryn N. [Children' s Hospital at Westmead, The T. Y. Nelson Department of Neurology, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Children' s Hospital at Westmead, Neurogenetics Research Unit, Sydney (Australia)

2006-10-15

314

MRI findings of lipoma arborescens of the knee in a child: case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Lipoma arborescens is an intraarticular lesion characterized by a frond-like mass of mature fat cells, usually involving the suprapatellar bursa. It is a rare lesion in adults and extremely rare in children. Because of the fatty nature of the lesion, the MRI findings of arborescens are specific. We present the MRI findings of lipoma arborescens of the knee in a 9-year-old girl. (orig.)

Donnelly, L.F. (Dept. of Radiology, Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH (United States)); Bisset, G.S. III (Dept. of Radiology, Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH (United States) Dept. of Pediatrics, Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH (United States)); Passo, M.H. (Dept. of Pediatrics, Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH (United States))

1994-08-01

315

MRI findings of cryptococcal infection on CNS: The long term follow-up: Case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Authors presented the serial changes of brain MRI findings in two cases of cryptococcal meningitis. The MRI findings of the first patient (53 year old female) consisted of dilated Virchow-Robin spaces, leptomeningeal enhancement, cryptococcals and hydrocephalus. Dilated Virchow-Robin spaces were noted on the first MR obtained 33 days after symptom onset. The size and number of dilated Virchow-Robin space gradually decreased since 119 days after symptom onset (62 days after treatment). Faint leptomeningeal enhancement was found at cerebellar region on the first MRI, which became more distant and intense on the day 119, probably due to improper treatment. The leptomeningeal enhancement decreased on the days 156. Mild hydrocephalus was noted on MRI obtained 70 days after symptom onset, which markedly aggravated on the days 119. It decreased after steroid therapy alone. Enhancing cryptococcomas of variable size were noted at the right temporal lobe and cerebellum on MRI of the day 119, which decreased in size and number on the day 156. On the day 295 MRI showed nearly disappearance of the dilated Virchow-Robin space, but final leptomeningeal enhancement, cerebellar cryptococcomas and hydrocephalus still remained. The MRI findings of the second patient(36 year old female) showed the findings similar to those of the first patient. Initial MRI obtained 18 days after symptom onset showed no abnormal findings. Dilated Virchow-Robin spaces were noted on the day 36 (13 days after treatment onset), which nearly disappeared on the day 109. Enhancing cryptococcomas in both basal ganglia and cerebral cortex and leptomeningeal enhancement were noted on MRI of the day 136. Both cryptococcomas and leptomeningeal enhancement decreased in size and enhancing degree on the day 157. Hydrocephalus was noted on the day 109.

Choi, Min Yun; Sol, Chang Ho; Kim, Byung Soo [Pusan National University College of Medicine, Pusan (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Chun Phil [Maryknoll Hospital, pusan (Korea, Republic of); Park, Beung Ho [Dong-a University College of Medicine, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

1993-07-15

316

Can pathoanatomical pathways of degeneration in lumbar motion segments be identified by clustering MRI findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for detailed visualisation of spinal pathological and degenerative processes, but the prevailing view is that such imaging findings have little or no clinical relevance for low back pain. This is because these findings appear to have little association with treatment effects in clinical populations, and mostly a weak association with the presence of pain in the general population.However, almost all research into these associations is based on the examination of individual MRI findings, despite its being very common for multiple MRI findings to coexist. Therefore, this proof-of-concept study investigated the capacity of a multivariable statistical method to identify clusters of MRI findings and for those clusters to be grouped into pathways of vertebral degeneration. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of data from 631 patients, from an outpatient spine clinic, who had been screened for inclusion in a randomised controlled trial. The available data created a total sample pool of 3,155 vertebral motion segments. The mean age of the cohort was 42 years (SD 10.8, range 18--73) and 54% were women.MRI images were quantitatively coded by an experienced musculoskeletal research radiologist using a detailed and standardised research MRI evaluation protocol that has demonstrated high reproducibility. Comprehensive MRI findings descriptive of the disco-vertebral component of lumbar vertebrae were clustered using Latent Class Analysis. Two pairs of researchers, each containing an experienced MRI researcher, then independently categorised the clusters into hypothetical pathoanatomic pathways based on the known histological changes of discovertebral degeneration. RESULTS: Twelve clusters of MRI findings were identified, described and grouped into five different hypothetical pathways of degeneration that appear to have face validity. CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that Latent Class Analysis can be used to identify clusters of MRI findings from people with LBP and that those clusters can be grouped into degenerative pathways that are biologically plausible. If these clusters of MRI findings are reproducible in other datasets of similar patients, they may form a stable platform to investigate the relationship between degenerative pathways and clinically important characteristics such as pain and activity limitation.

Jensen RK; Jensen TS; Kjaer P; Kent P

2013-07-01

317

Comparative studies of MRI and operative findings in rotator cuff tear.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A prospective study was performed to determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with operative findings in the evaluation of patients associated with rotator cuff tears. Fifty-four of 60 shoulders (58 patients) examined by MRI were confirmed as full-thickness tears and 6 as partial-thickness tears at the time of surgery. The oblique coronal, oblique sagittal, and axial planes of T2-weighted images with the 0.5 tesla MRI system were obtained preoperatively and compared with operative findings. MRI correctly identified 46 of 54 full-thickness rotator cuff tears and 5 of 6 partial-thickness tears. A comparison of MRI and operative findings in full-thickness cuff tears showed a sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 83%, and a positive prospective value (PPV) of 99%. A comparison of partial-thickness tears showed a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 85%, and PPV of 39%. Linear regression analysis showed an excellent correlation between the MRI assessment and measurement at the time of surgery (r = 0.90, P < 0.01). MRI was useful in evaluating large and medium-sized rotator cuff tears, but less useful in distinguishing small full-thickness tears from partial-thickness tears.

Yamakawa S; Hashizume H; Ichikawa N; Itadera E; Inoue H

2001-01-01

318

Comparative studies of MRI and operative findings in rotator cuff tear  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A prospective study was performed to determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with operative findings in the evaluation of patients associated with rotator cuff tears. Fifty-four of 60 shoulders (58 patients) examined by MRI were confirmed as full-thickness tears and 6 as partial-thickness tears at the time of surgery. The oblique coronal, oblique sagittal, and axial planes of T2-weighted images with the 0.5 tesla MRI system were obtained preoperatively and compared with operative findings. MRI correctly identified 46 of 54 full-thickness rotator cuff tears and 5 of 6 partial-thickness tears. A comparison of MRI and operative findings in full-thickness cuff tears showed a sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 83%, and a positive prospective value (PPV) of 99%. A comparison of partial-thickness tears showed a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 85%, and PPV of 39%. Linear regression analysis showed an excellent correlation between the MRI assessment and measurement at the time of surgery (r=0.90, P<0.01). MRI was useful in evaluating large and medium-sized rotator cuff tears, but less useful in distinguishing small full-thickness tears from partial-thickness tears. (author)

Yamakawa, Seigo; Ichikawa, Norikazu; Itadera, Eichi [Kochi Prefectural Aki Hospital (Japan); Hashizume, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Hajime

2001-10-01

319

Whole-Heart Cine MRI in a Single Breath-Hold - A Compressed Sensing Accelerated 3D Acquisition Technique for Assessment of Cardiac Function.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to perform functional MR imaging of the whole heart in a single breath-hold using an undersampled 3 D trajectory for data acquisition in combination with compressed sensing for image reconstruction.Materials and Methods: Measurements were performed using an SSFP sequence on a 3 T whole-body system equipped with a 32-channel body array coil. A 3 D radial stack-of-stars sampling scheme was utilized enabling efficient undersampling of the k-space and thereby accelerating data acquisition. Compressed sensing was applied for the reconstruction of the missing data. A validation study was performed based on a fully sampled dataset acquired by standard Cartesian cine imaging of 2 D slices on a healthy volunteer. The results were investigated with regard to systematic errors and resolution losses possibly introduced by the developed reconstruction. Subsequently, the proposed technique was applied for in-vivo functional cardiac imaging of the whole heart in a single breath-hold of 27 s. The developed technique was tested on three healthy volunteers to examine its reproducibility.Results: By means of the results of the simulation (temporal resolution: 47 ms, spatial resolution: 1.4 × 1.4 × 8 mm, 3 D image matrix: 208 × 208 × 10), an overall acceleration factor of 10 has been found where the compressed sensing reconstructed image series shows only very low systematic errors and a slight in-plane resolution loss of 15 %. The results of the in-vivo study (temporal resolution: 40.5 ms, spatial resolution: 2.1 × 2.1 × 8 mm, 3 D image matrix: 224 × 224 × 12) performed with an acceleration factor of 10.7 confirm the overall good image quality of the presented technique for undersampled acquisitions.Conclusion: The combination of 3 D radial data acquisition and model-based compressed sensing reconstruction allows high acceleration factors enabling cardiac functional imaging of the whole heart within only one breath-hold. The image quality in the simulated dataset and the in-vivo measurement highlights the great potential of the presented technique for an efficient assessment of cardiac functional parameters.Citation Format:

Wech T; Pickl W; Tran-Gia J; Ritter C; Beer M; Hahn D; Köstler H

2013-08-01

320

Cine magnetic resonance imaging in congenital heart disease. Evaluation of cardiac structure and flow dynamics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in 33 patients aged 19 days to 18 years (mean 5.1 years), who had congenital heart disease comfirmed at echocardiography or angiography. Prior to cine MRI, gated MRI with spin echo (SE) sequence was perfomed to evaluate cardiac structure. Cine MRI was demonstrated by fast low fip angle shot imaging technique with a 30 deg flip angle, 15 msec echo time, 30/similar to/40 msec pulse repetition time, and 128X128 acquisition matrix. Abnormalities of cardiac structure were extremely well defined in all patients. Intracardiac and intravasucular blood flow were visualized with high signal intensity area, whereas ventricular filling flow and left to right shunt flow through ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect were visualized with low signal intensity area. However, in the patients who had severe congestive heart failure or respiratory arrhythmia, the good recording of cine MRI was not obtained because of artifacts. Gated MRI with SE sequence provides excellent visualization of fine structures, and cine MRI can provide high spatial resolution imaging of flow dynamic in a variety of congenital heart disease, noninvasively. (author).

Akagi, Teiji; Kiyomatsu, Yumi; Kato, Hirohisa; Abe, Toushi; Nishimura, Hiroshi; Ohtake, Hisashi; Eto, Takaharu.

1989-05-01

 
 
 
 
321

Neurovascular compression of cranial nerves: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The compression of a nervous structure by an aberrant vessel may be asymptomatic or produce an important symptoms, in these cases CT and MRI show relevant information. Materials and Methods: Between January 1998 and March 2001, we studied 27 patients: 8 with trigeminal neuralgia, 7 with hemi facial spasm, 4 vertigo and tinnitus, 2 hemianopsia, 1 with neuralgia of the amygdalin fossa, 1 with bitonal voice, 1 with tongue deviation with fascicular movements, 2 essential hypertension and 1 with severe headache. All of them had a neurologic evaluation from 2 specialists and 2 neuro radiologists interpreted the results. Results: The CT and RMI images with special sequences allowed to prove the compression of the entry segments of the V, VII, IX, X and XII cranial nerves, of the optic chiasma and the ventrolateral aspect of the medulla oblongata in close relation with the vasopressor centre. Also they demonstrate a rare vessel in the Silvio aqueduct avoiding the normal flow of the CSF. Of the total of patients that were studied, 37% had surgical confirmation. Conclusion: CT and RMI are sensitive and specific methods for the detection of vascular compressions of nervous structures. (author)

2002-01-01

322

MRI features of intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumors in adults: comparison with histopathological findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the MRI features of intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) in adults. Methods: The MRI appearances were analyzed retrospectively in seven adult patients with pathologically proven intracranial PNET. The relationships between MRI features and findings in pathology and surgery were evaluated. Results: (1) The tumor masses were most commonly found in the cerebral hemisphere or in the cerebellar vermis. They consisted of crowded undifferentiated small round cells and spread invasively. (2) The tumors were large and 4 were lobulated in shape. MR images showed the tumors to be middle or obviously hypointense on T1 weighted images and hyperintense on T2 weighted images. Most masses had heterogeneous appearances with some cystic and necrotic areas. Intratumoral haemorrhage and focal calcification were occasionally seen. All of them had well-defined margins. Mostly, there was no or only mild surrounding edema. Marked inhomogeneous contrast enhancement on MRI was seen in 6 cases except one. 2 patients with multiple intracranial metastases were revealed on MR images. In this series, there was good correlation between MRI features and findings in pathology and surgery. Conclusion: Certain MRI features may suggest the diagnosis of intracranial PNET in adults. MRI is an effective technique in detecting this tumor and is helpful to treatment planning and follow-up

2004-01-01

323

''Dropped-head'' syndrome due to isolated myositis of neck extensor muscles: MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

MRI findings of a patient with dropped-head syndrome due to focal myositis of the neck extensor muscles are presented. MRI showed oedematous changes and marked enhancement of the neck extensor muscles. After therapy MRI demonstrated disappearance of the abnormal findings. (orig.)

Gaeta, Michele; Mazziotti, Silvio; Blandino, Alfredo [University of Messina, Department of Radiological Sciences, Messina (Italy); Toscano, Antonio; Rodolico, Carmelo; Mazzeo, Anna [University of Messina, Department of Neurosciences, Psychiatry and Anaesthesiology, Messina (Italy)

2006-02-15

324

MRI-induced soft tissue pain: incidental finding of a 15-year-old foreign body.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We present the case of an 82-year-old woman who developed intense right middle finger pain during MRI scan This alerted the clinical team to the incidental finding of a 15-year-old metallic foreign body in the distal phalanx of the right middle finger. This case report is a reminder that the responsible clinician should be vigilant when screening for metallic foreign body on completion of the MRI checklist, and should adopt a low threshold for plain imaging prior to MRI.

El Sayed Omar T; El-Khani U; Nehme J

2013-01-01

325

Comparison of CT and MRI findings in the differentiation of acute from chronic cholecystitis.  

Science.gov (United States)

We compared individual computed tomography (CT) and MRI findings in differentiating acute from chronic cholecystitis. Thirty-seven patients undergoing both studies before cholecystectomy were included. Two radiologists (R1/R2) independently assessed all cases. For detecting acute cholecystitis, MRI showed better sensitivity (R1) using gallbladder wall thickening, accuracy (R1) and sensitivity (R1) using gallstones, sensitivity (R1 and R2) and accuracy (R2) using gallbladder wall hyperemia, accuracy (R1 and R2) using gallbladder wall defect, and accuracy (R2) using adjacent liver hyperemia (P=.004-.063). MRI also showed better specificity (R2) using pericholecystic fat stranding (P=.016). Overall, several findings showed better sensitivity and/or accuracy for acute cholecystitis on MRI than CT. PMID:23541278

Kaura, Samantha H; Haghighi, Mohammad; Matza, Brent W; Hajdu, Cristina H; Rosenkrantz, Andrew B

2013-03-28

326

Comparison of CT and MRI findings in the differentiation of acute from chronic cholecystitis.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We compared individual computed tomography (CT) and MRI findings in differentiating acute from chronic cholecystitis. Thirty-seven patients undergoing both studies before cholecystectomy were included. Two radiologists (R1/R2) independently assessed all cases. For detecting acute cholecystitis, MRI showed better sensitivity (R1) using gallbladder wall thickening, accuracy (R1) and sensitivity (R1) using gallstones, sensitivity (R1 and R2) and accuracy (R2) using gallbladder wall hyperemia, accuracy (R1 and R2) using gallbladder wall defect, and accuracy (R2) using adjacent liver hyperemia (P=.004-.063). MRI also showed better specificity (R2) using pericholecystic fat stranding (P=.016). Overall, several findings showed better sensitivity and/or accuracy for acute cholecystitis on MRI than CT.

Kaura SH; Haghighi M; Matza BW; Hajdu CH; Rosenkrantz AB

2013-07-01

327

Heat-stroke-induced cerebellar atrophy: clinical course, CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report the clinical course and CT and MRI findings in a case of heat-stroke-induced cerebellar atrophy. Although the cerebellar syndrome was severe concomitant with the onset of heat stroke, no abnormality was observed on brain CT in the first 2 weeks following the event. Cerebellar atrophy was first noted after 10 weeks on MRI; it was progressive during a 1-year follow-up. (orig.)

Albukrek, D.A. [Heller Inst. of Medical Research, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer (Israel)]|[Institute of Military Physiology, IDF Medical Corps (Israel); Bakon, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer (Israel)]|[Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel); Moran, D.S. [Institute of Military Physiology, IDF Medical Corps (Israel)]|[Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel); Faibel, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer (Israel)]|[Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel); Epstein, Y. [Institute of Military Physiology, IDF Medical Corps (Israel)]|[Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv Univ. (Israel)

1997-03-01

328

Spinal MRI Findings of Guillain-Barré Syndrome  

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Guillain-Barré syndrome is a relatively common, acute, and rapidly progressive, inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. The diagnosis is usually established on the basis of symptoms and signs, aided by cerebrospinal fluid findings and electrophysiologic criteria. Previously, radiologic e...

Ozlem Alkan; Tulin Yildirim; Naime Tokmak; Meliha Tan

329

Identifying biological pathways in the MRI findings of people with low back pain  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Title Identifying biological pathways in the MRI findings of people with low back pain Authors and affiliations Rikke K Jensen1, Tue Secher Jensen1, Per Kjaer1,2, Peter Kent1 1Research Department, Spine Centre of Southern Denmark, Hospital Lillebaelt, Institute of Regional Health Services Research, University of Southern Denmark, Part of the Clinical Locomotion Network, Middelfart, Denmark. 2Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Part of the Clinical Locomotion Network, Odense, Denmark Contact email rikke.kruger.jensen@slb.regionsyddanmark.dk Background Investigations into the association between lumbar MRI findings and low back pain (LBP) are complicated by multiple MRI findings being present at the same time. Findings such as lumbar intervertebral disc protrusions or endplate changes almost always co-exist with other degenerative disc findings such as the reduction of disc height and signal intensity. Despite this, the majority of previous research has focused solely on the associations between single imaging findings and pain or other clinical outcomes. Only recently have researchers started to engage with this complexity of MRI findings. An initial strategy to advance this area of investigation would be to recognise which MRI findings typically occur together and whether those clusters appear to reflect discrete biological pathways. Therefore, the objectives of this proof-of-concept study were to identify which vertebral MRI findings cluster together and describe plausible biological pathways that these clusters might represent. Methods All participants were people with chronic LBP seeking a comprehensive evaluation at an outpatient spine clinic in a Danish university hospital. Data for this study was extracted from the MRI findings of 631 people (3,155 lumbar spine motion segments) whose images were quantitatively coded using a detailed research protocol as part of the recruitment phase of two clinical trials. Reproducibility is high when using this MRI coding protocol (kappa 0.52-0.97). The MRI variables included in this study were information on intervertebral disc height and signal intensity, disc protrusions, high intensity zones, size and type of vertebral endplate signal changes, vertebral endplate irregularities and defects, osteophytes, and spondylolisthesis. Latent class analysis (probabilistic data mining) was used to distinguish the best fitting clusters of MRI findings. The distribution of lumbar disc levels in each cluster was also reported. Based on known histological changes inherent in the degeneration process of the motion segment, the clusters were grouped into hypothetical biological pathways. Results Latent class analysis identified twelve clusters of MRI findings. One cluster, characterised by no abnormal MRI findings, contained 52% of the motion segments and represented the normal, pre-degenerative motion segments. The following hypothetical pathways were derived from the content of the other clusters: (i) two clusters representing progressive stages of disc degeneration in the lower lumbar levels; (ii) four clusters representing progressive stages of disc protrusions and endplate changes in the lower lumbar levels; (iii) two cluster with endplate changes at either the upper or the lower endplates; (iv) two clusters containing progressive endplate changes and disc degeneration at the upper lumbar levels only; and lastly, (v) one cluster containing osteophytes at the upper lumbar motion segments. Conclusions MRI findings of lumbar vertebral motion segments were grouped into twelve clusters and those clusters fitted into a model of five different biological pathways of degeneration. Future research will test the association between these clusters and clinically important characteristics such as pain and activity limitation.

Jensen, Rikke Krüger; Jensen, Tue Secher

330

Meningiomas with conventional MRI findings resembling intraaxial tumors: can perfusion-weighted MRI be helpful in differentiation?  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To investigate the contribution of perfusion-weighted MRI to the differentiation of meningiomas with atypical conventional MRI findings from intraaxial tumors. We retrospectively analyzed 54 meningiomas, 12 glioblastomas and 13 solitary metastases. We detected 6 meningiomas with atypical features on conventional MRI resembling intraaxial tumors. The regional cerebral blood flow (rCBV) ratios of all tumors were calculated via perfusion-weighted MRI. The signal intensity-time curves were plotted and three different curve patterns were observed. The type 1 curve resembled normal brain parenchyma or the postenhancement part was minimally below the baseline, the type 2 curve was similar to the type 1 curve but with the postenhancement part above the baseline, and the type 3 curve had the postenhancement part below the baseline accompanied by widening of the curve. Student's t-test was used for statistical analysis. On CBV images meningiomas were hypervascular and the mean rCBV ratio was 10.58±2.00. For glioblastomas and metastatic lesions, the rCBV ratios were 5.02±1.40 and 4.68±1.54, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in rCBV ratios between meningiomas and glioblastomas and metastases (P

2006-01-01

331

Comparative studies of MRI and operative findings in rotator cuff tear  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] A prospective study was performed to determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with operative findings in the evaluation of patients associated with rotator cuff tears. Fifty-four of 60 shoulders (58 patients) examined by MRI were confirmed as full-thickness tears and 6 as partial-thickness tears at the time of surgery. The oblique coronal, oblique sagittal, and axial planes of T2-weighted images with the 0.5 tesla MRI system were obtained preoperatively and compared with operative findings. MRI correctly identified 46 of 54 full-thickness rotator cuff tears and 5 of 6 partial-thickness tears. A comparison of MRI and operative findings in full-thickness cuff tears showed a sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 83%, and a positive prospective value (PPV) of 99%. A comparison of partial-thickness tears showed a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 85%, and PPV of 39%. Linear regression analysis showed an excellent correlation between the MRI assessment and measurement at the time of surgery (r=0.90, P

2001-01-01

332

MRI findings of the brainstem of the neuro-Behcet syndrome  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We reported three cases of neuro-Behcet's syndrome which showed brainstem lesions on MRI compatible with the clinical symptoms. In Case 1, MRI showed a large, abnormal signal-intensity area in the pons and small, abnormal signal-intensity areas at the right cerebral peduncle, the bilateral basal ganglia, and the left thalamus. These lesions disappeared on MRI, in accordance with the remission of clinical symptoms. On the other hand, CT showed no positive findings. In Case 2, an abnormal signal-intensity area was disclosed at the left cerebral peduncle on MRI. This lesion was also identified on the CT scan. In Case 3, an abnormal signal-intensity area was present in the pons on MRI. In this case, CT showed no positive findings. In Cases 2 and 3, these lesions seemed to represent inflammatory or necrotic areas attributable to vasculitis;however, the extensive brainstem lesion seen on the MRI of Case 1 was a quite unique finding, for which no exact pathophysiological explanation is possible at the present time.

Fujiki, Naoto; Tashiro, Kunio; Yamada, Takayoshi; Ito, Kazunori; Honma, Sanae; Doi, Shizuki; Moriwaka, Fumio

1987-10-01

333

MRI findings of the brainstem of the neuro-Behcet syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We reported three cases of neuro-Behcet's syndrome which showed brainstem lesions on MRI compatible with the clinical symptoms. In Case 1, MRI showed a large, abnormal signal-intensity area in the pons and small, abnormal signal-intensity areas at the right cerebral peduncle, the bilateral basal ganglia, and the left thalamus. These lesions disappeared on MRI, in accordance with the remission of clinical symptoms. On the other hand, CT showed no positive findings. In Case 2, an abnormal signal-intensity area was disclosed at the left cerebral peduncle on MRI. This lesion was also identified on the CT scan. In Case 3, an abnormal signal-intensity area was present in the pons on MRI. In this case, CT showed no positive findings. In Cases 2 and 3, these lesions seemed to represent inflammatory or necrotic areas attributable to vasculitis; however, the extensive brainstem lesion seen on the MRI of Case 1 was a quite unique finding, for which no exact pathophysiological explanation is possible at the present time. (author)

1987-01-01

334

MRI and SPECT findings as a predictive factor for postencephalitic epilepsy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Relationship between postencephalitic epilepsy and acute phase symptoms, CSF, EEG and MRI findings was assessed by Kaplan-Meier method. Thirteen of 34 patients manifestated epilepsy including four intractable cases. Women (7/11), herpes simplex virus (6/7), seizures in acute phase (12/18), abnormal findings or MRI (6/7) were statistically significant. Four of nine patients with hyperperfusion area by HMPAO-SPECT in acute phase and two of three patients with hypoperfusion area by IMP-SPECT in recovery phase had epilepsy. Hyperperfusion in acute phase reflected acute seizures and inflammations, whereas hypoperfusion in the recovery phase reflected hypometabolism caused by brain damage. These findings suggest epileptogenicity, MRI and SPECT findings may predict prognosis of postencephalitic epilepsy. (author)

2000-01-01

335

MRI and SPECT findings as a predictive factor for postencephalitic epilepsy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Relationship between postencephalitic epilepsy and acute phase symptoms, CSF, EEG and MRI findings was assessed by Kaplan-Meier method. Thirteen of 34 patients manifestated epilepsy including four intractable cases. Women (7/11), herpes simplex virus (6/7), seizures in acute phase (12/18), abnormal findings or MRI (6/7) were statistically significant. Four of nine patients with hyperperfusion area by HMPAO-SPECT in acute phase and two of three patients with hypoperfusion area by IMP-SPECT in recovery phase had epilepsy. Hyperperfusion in acute phase reflected acute seizures and inflammations, whereas hypoperfusion in the recovery phase reflected hypometabolism caused by brain damage. These findings suggest epileptogenicity, MRI and SPECT findings may predict prognosis of postencephalitic epilepsy. (author)

Mizobuchi, Masahiro; Tanaka, Chiharu; Sako, Kazuya; Murakami, Nobuto; Nihira, Atsuko [Nakamura Memorial Hospital, Sapporo (Japan)

2000-04-01

336

Abnormal findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus involving the brain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To elucidate the clinical significance of MRI on central nervous system systemic lupus erythematosus (CNS-SLE), MRI and CT scans were performed in 35 patients with SLE, of 18 patients who had CNS manifestations at the time of MRI examinations. The investigations were also carried out in 17 patients without CNS-SLE. The rate of detection of abnormal findings on MRI in patients with CNS-SLE was 77.2% (14/18), which was high, as compared with the rate of those on CT scans (50%: 9/18). Especially, all of 4 patients with seizure and 3 patients with encephalopathy showed abnormal MRI findings, although respectively 50% and 33.3% of them had abnormal CT scan findings. MRI findings were classified into 4 groups below: 1) Large focal are as increased signal intensity at T2 weighted image. These were observed in 2 of 4 patients with seizure and 1 of 3 patients with encephalopathy, which were completely resolved after treatment. 2) Patchy subcortical foci of increased signal intensity at T2 weighted image. These were observed in 11 of 18 CNS-SLE and 7 of 17 without CNS-SLE, which were not detected by CT scan. 3) All of six patients with cerebral infarctions showed high signal intensity areas at T2 weighted image and low signal intensity areas at T1 weighted image. 4) Normal findings were observed in 4 of 18 CNS-SLE (22.2%). We concluded that MRI is useful for the evaluation of CNS-SLE and provides more information than CT scan. (author)

1992-01-01

337

Abnormal findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus involving the brain  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To elucidate the clinical significance of MRI on central nervous system systemic lupus erythematosus (CNS-SLE), MRI and CT scans were performed in 35 patients with SLE, of 18 patients who had CNS manifestations at the time of MRI examinations. The investigations were also carried out in 17 patients without CNS-SLE. The rate of detection of abnormal findings on MRI in patients with CNS-SLE was 77.2% (14/18), which was high, as compared with the rate of those on CT scans (50%: 9/18). Especially, all of 4 patients with seizure and 3 patients with encephalopathy showed abnormal MRI findings, although respectively 50% and 33.3% of them had abnormal CT scan findings. MRI findings were classified into 4 groups below: (1) Large focal are as increased signal intensity at T2 weighted image. These were observed in 2 of 4 patients with seizure and 1 of 3 patients with encephalopathy, which were completely resolved after treatment. (2) Patchy subcortical foci of increased signal intensity at T2 weighted image. These were observed in 11 of 18 CNS-SLE and 7 of 17 without CNS-SLE, which were not detected by CT scan. (3) All of six patients with cerebral infarctions showed high signal intensity areas at T2 weighted image and low signal intensity areas at T1 weighted image. (4) Normal findings were observed in 4 of 18 CNS-SLE (22.2%). We concluded that MRI is useful for the evaluation of CNS-SLE and provides more information than CT scan. (author).

Ishikawa, Akira; Okada, Jun; Kondo, Hirobumi (Kitasato Univ., Sagamihara, Kanagawa (Japan). School of Medicine); Kashiwazaki, Sadao

1992-06-01

338

MRI findings in the liver of biliary atresia patients. Changes in postoperative course  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] We studied the morphological changes in the liver in the postoperative course of biliary atresia (BA) patients by means of periodic MRI. Periodic MRI (every year) was done in 24 of 34 patients, who were operated on at our institute by hepatic portoenterostomy. For the 24 patients studied, we investigated the changes in liver morphology seen in the following MRI findings. Inflammation and fibrosis in the portal system areas: Fibrosis in the peripheral liver lobe: Atrophy of the liver lobe: Reconstructive change in the liver parenchyma. Three images, T1 weighted image (WI) with and without Gd-DTPA, and T2 WI, were taken in each examination. We also studied the correlation between the MRI findings and level of total bilirubin in serum. The results were as follows: The inflammation and fibrosis in the portal system areas were marked just after the operation, and then decreased during the 3-5 year postoperative period. The degree of other MRI findings gradually increased during the 3-5 year postoperative period. The degree of these MRI findings had not changed at the end of the 5th postoperative year. The extent of the MRI findings, except for that of peripheral liver atrophy, was correlated with the increase in the level of total bilirubin in serum. These results indicate that the inflammation and/or fibrosis either remained static or progressed in the liver of postoperative BA patients during the 3-5 year postoperative period, and that these changes in the liver become irreversible after the 5 year postoperative period. The morphological changes found in this study could reflect the pathogenesis in the liver of postoperative BA patients. (author)

2000-01-01

339

Prenatal MRI findings of fetuses with congenital high airway obstruction sequence.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To define the MRI findings of congenital high airway obstruction sequence (CHAOS) in a series of fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prenatal fetal MR images were reviewed in seven fetuses with CHAOS at 21 to 27 weeks of gestation. The MRI findings were reviewed. The MRI parameters evaluated included the appearance of the lungs and diaphragm, presence or absence of hydrops, amount of amniotic fluid, airway appearance, predicted level of airway obstruction, and any additional findings or suspected genetic syndromes. RESULTS: All the fetuses viewed (7 of 7) demonstrated the following MRI findings: dilated airway below the level of obstruction, increased lung signal, markedly increased lung volumes with flattened or inverted hemidiaphragms, massive ascites, centrally positioned and compressed heart, as well as placentomegaly. Other frequent findings were anasarca (6 of 7) and polyhydramnios (3 of 7). MRI identified the level of obstruction as laryngeal in five cases and tracheal in two cases. In four of the patients, surgery or autopsy confirmed the MRI predicted level of obstruction. Associated abnormalities were found in 4 of 7 (genetic syndromes in 2). Postnatal radiography (n = 3) showed markedly hyperinflated lungs with inverted or flattened hemidiaphragms, strandy perihilar opacities, pneumothoraces and tracheotomy. Two fetuses were terminated and one fetus demised in utero. Four fetuses were delivered via ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure. CONCLUSION: MRI shows a consistent pattern of abnormalities in fetuses with CHAOS, accurately identifies the level of airway obstruction, and helps differentiate from other lung abnormalities such as bilateral congenital pulmonary airway malformation by demonstrating an abnormally dilated airway distal to the obstruction.

Guimaraes CV; Linam LE; Kline-Fath BM; Donnelly LF; Calvo-Garcia MA; Rubio EI; Livingston JC; Hopkin RJ; Peach E; Lim FY; Crombleholme TM

2009-03-01

340

MRI findings in the liver of biliary atresia patients. Changes in postoperative course  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We studied the morphological changes in the liver in the postoperative course of biliary atresia (BA) patients by means of periodic MRI. Periodic MRI (every year) was done in 24 of 34 patients, who were operated on at our institute by hepatic portoenterostomy. For the 24 patients studied, we investigated the changes in liver morphology seen in the following MRI findings. Inflammation and fibrosis in the portal system areas: Fibrosis in the peripheral liver lobe: Atrophy of the liver lobe: Reconstructive change in the liver parenchyma. Three images, T1 weighted image (WI) with and without Gd-DTPA, and T2 WI, were taken in each examination. We also studied the correlation between the MRI findings and level of total bilirubin in serum. The results were as follows: The inflammation and fibrosis in the portal system areas were marked just after the operation, and then decreased during the 3-5 year postoperative period. The degree of other MRI findings gradually increased during the 3-5 year postoperative period. The degree of these MRI findings had not changed at the end of the 5th postoperative year. The extent of the MRI findings, except for that of peripheral liver atrophy, was correlated with the increase in the level of total bilirubin in serum. These results indicate that the inflammation and/or fibrosis either remained static or progressed in the liver of postoperative BA patients during the 3-5 year postoperative period, and that these changes in the liver become irreversible after the 5 year postoperative period. The morphological changes found in this study could reflect the pathogenesis in the liver of postoperative BA patients. (author)

Takahashi, Atsushi; Hatakeyama, Shinitsu; Suzuki, Norio; Kuroiwa, Minoru; Ikeda, Hitoshi; Tsuchida, Yoshiaki [Gunma Children' s Medical Center, Kitatachibana (Japan)

2000-08-01

 
 
 
 
341

MRI findings at baseline and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in orbital retinoblastoma (IRSS stage III).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Published findings on MRI results in retinoblastoma patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) are lacking. The present study evaluates the role of MRI in International Retinoblastoma Staging System (IRSS) stage III retinoblastoma treated with NACT. METHODS: 28 consecutive IRSS stage III retinoblastoma patients underwent MRI at baseline and after three cycles of NACT prior to enucleation. MRI films were reviewed retrospectively by an ophthalmic radiologist who was masked to patient outcome. Optic nerves were staged based on their thickness, contrast enhancement and length of involvement on MRI. Response evaluation criteria were based on optic nerve staging and changes in the size of the orbital mass on MRI after NACT. RESULTS: The proposed staging at baseline and after NACT was able to predict event-free-survival (EFS) (p=0.005 and p?<0.001, respectively) and overall survival (OS) (p=0.002 and p=0.001, respectively) using the log-rank test for trends. Patients with complete or partial response according to the proposed response evaluation criteria had significantly better EFS (p<0.001) and OS (p=0.024) than those who had stable or progressive disease. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed MRI based optic nerve staging system and response evaluation criteria were able to predict EFS and OS at baseline and after NACT.

Radhakrishnan V; Sharma S; Vishnubhatla S; Bakhshi S

2013-01-01

342

Gliosarcoma of the posterior cranial fossa: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] We report the MR findings of a biopsy-proven gliosarcoma of the posterior cranial fossa. Multiple homogeneously enhancing lesions had shaggy margins and broad-based dural attachments, which may reflect the gliomatous and sarcomatous element of this tumour. (orig.)

1993-01-01

343

Brain MRI findings in patients with initial cerebral thrombosis and the relationship between incidental findings, aging and dementia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To estimate the relationship between aging, dementia and changes observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) seen in elderly patients with cerebral thrombosis, MRI findings in 103 patients with an initial stroke event (thrombosis group) were compared with those of 37 patients with hypertension/diabetes (high risk group) and 78 patients without those disorders (low risk group). In addition to the causative lesions in the thrombosis group, periventricular hyperintensities (PVH), spotty lesions (SL), silent infarctions (SI), ventricular dilatation (VD), and cortical atrophy (CA) were analyzed in these groups. Infarctions located in the internal capsule/corona radiata were the most frequent causative lesion. Compared to the low risk group, a high incidence of patchy/diffuse PVH, SI, and severe CA was seen in both the thrombosis group and the high risk group. Widespread PVH and multiple SL increased with age in the thrombosis group, while severe CA was seen in each group. SI and VD tended to increase after age 60, though they were not significant. Dementia, diagnosed in 40 out of 78 patients, increased with age. Multivariate analysis revealed the degree of the effects of MRI findings on dementia to be marked in PVH, brain atrophy, causative lesions, and SL, in that order. These results indicated that diffuse PVH and brain atrophy, developing with age, promoted dementia in the elderly with vascular lesions. Moreover, they suggested that a variety of silent brain lesions recognized on MRI other than infarction can affect symptoms in the elderly. (author).

1994-01-01

344

Brain MRI findings in patients with initial cerebral thrombosis and the relationship between incidental findings, aging and dementia  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To estimate the relationship between aging, dementia and changes observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) seen in elderly patients with cerebral thrombosis, MRI findings in 103 patients with an initial stroke event (thrombosis group) were compared with those of 37 patients with hypertension/diabetes (high risk group) and 78 patients without those disorders (low risk group). In addition to the causative lesions in the thrombosis group, periventricular hyperintensities (PVH), spotty lesions (SL), silent infarctions (SI), ventricular dilatation (VD), and cortical atrophy (CA) were analyzed in these groups. Infarctions located in the internal capsule/corona radiata were the most frequent causative lesion. Compared to the low risk group, a high incidence of patchy/diffuse PVH, SI, and severe CA was seen in both the thrombosis group and the high risk group. Widespread PVH and multiple SL increased with age in the thrombosis group, while severe CA was seen in each group. SI and VD tended to increase after age 60, though they were not significant. Dementia, diagnosed in 40 out of 78 patients, increased with age. Multivariate analysis revealed the degree of the effects of MRI findings on dementia to be marked in PVH, brain atrophy, causative lesions, and SL, in that order. These results indicated that diffuse PVH and brain atrophy, developing with age, promoted dementia in the elderly with vascular lesions. Moreover, they suggested that a variety of silent brain lesions recognized on MRI other than infarction can affect symptoms in the elderly. (author).

Iwamoto, Toshihiko; Okada, Toyohiro; Ogawa, Kimikazu; Yanagawa, Kiyotaka; Uno, Masanobu; Takasaki, Masaru [Tokyo Medical Coll. (Japan)

1994-11-01

345

Orígenes del cine científico médico  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El cine científico es desde sus orígenes un instrumento de investigación, docencia, comunicación y documentación. Sin embargo, en la mente de muchos de nuestros cineastas, tan sólo existe una idea vaga de que el cine nació de la ciencia. Se exponen algunas definiciones relacionadas con el tema, sus antecedentes y cómo ha influido en el campo de la medicina.

Eglis Esteban García Alcolea

2009-01-01

346

MRI findings in central nervous system of neurofibromatosis-II  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of MR imaging in central nervous system involvement of neurofibromatosis II. Methods: 7 patients with surgically and pathologically proved neurofibromatosis II were included. Their MR imaging findings and clinical features were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The main findings of 7 cases of neurofibraomaosis II on MR imaging included bilateral acoustic neurilemoma, multiple neurofibroma, meningioma and schwannoma. Among the 7 patients, Tl-weighted imaging after contrast enhancement displayed additional lesions which had been ignored on un-enhanced scan. Conclusion: MR imaging has advantages in the detection of central nervous sys- tem involvement of neurofibromatosis II with regard to its ability to show the lesions well, meanwhile displaying the size, morphology and signal features clearly. (authors)

2007-01-01

347

Mechanism of traumatic knee injuries and MRI findings.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Bone bruises are focal abnormalities in subchondral bone marrow due to trabecular microfractures as a result of traumatic force. These trauma-induced lesions are better detected with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging using water-sensitive sequences. Moreover, the pattern of bone bruise is distinctive and allows us to understand the dynamics of trauma and to predict associated soft injuries. This article discusses the mechanism of traumatic injury and MR findings.

Ciuffreda P; Lelario M; Milillo P; Vinci R; Coppolino F; Stoppino LP; Genovese EA; Macarini L

2013-08-01

348

Application of the compressed sensing technique to self-gated cardiac cine sequences in small animals.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Self-gated cine sequences are a common choice for cardiac MRI in preclinical applications. The aims of our work were to apply the compressed sensing technique to IntraGateFLASH cardiac MRI studies on rats and to find the maximum acceleration factor achievable with this technique. THEORY AND METHODS: Our reconstruction method extended the Split Bregman formulation to minimize the total variation in both space and time. In addition, we analyzed the influence of the undersampling pattern on the acceleration factor achievable. RESULTS: Our results show that acceleration factors of up to 15 are achievable with our technique when appropriate undersampling patterns are used. The introduction of a time-varying random sampling clearly improved the efficiency of the undersampling schemes. In terms of computational efficiency, the proposed reconstruction method has been shown to be competitive as compared with the fastest methods found in the literature. CONCLUSION: We successfully applied our compressed sensing technique to self-gated cardiac cine acquisition in small animals, obtaining an acceleration factor of up to 15 with almost unnoticeable image degradation. Magn Reson Med, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Montesinos P; Abascal JF; Cussó L; Vaquero JJ; Desco M

2013-09-01

349

CT and MRI findings and classification study of brain schistosomiasis granuloma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Objective: To study CT and MRI features and classification of brain schistosomiasis granuloma. Methods: CT and MRI data of 30 cases of brain schistosomiasis granuloma were reviewed. All cases were proved by the surgery or pathological examination and clinical laboratory test. There were 20 males and 10 females, and their age ranged from 5 to 58 years, mean 29.2 years. Plain and enhanced CT were performed in all patients with GE MAX 640 scanner. Ten patients were examined by plain and enhanced MRI with GE Signa profile 0.2 Tesla open scanner. Results: The lesions located in supratentorial region in 27 cases and in infratentorial region in 3 cases. The nodules were isodense or slight hyperdense on CT plain scan, iso or hypointense on T1WI, hyperintense on T2WI, Slight hyperintense on FLAIR. After the contrast material was injected intravenously, CT and MRI findings were multiple or single enhanced nodules at the cortical or subcortical area. There were four types of imaging features: (1) multiple small nodules in 5 cases (presenting as bright stars in the dark sky); (2) single large nodule in 8 cases; (3) mixed nodules in 14 cases; (4) circle-enhanced nodules in 3 cases. Conclusion: The brain schistosomiasis granuloma has typical CT and MRI findings. CT and MRI classification is not only helpful to its diagnosis and differential diagnosis, but also might be useful for the choice of clinical treatment

2004-01-01

350

MRI findings of radiation encephalopathy of brain stem after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To study MRI findings and clinical manifestation of radiation encephalopathy (RE) of brain stem. Methods: MRI findings and clinical symptoms in 51 patients with RE of brain stem after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer were reviewed. Results: Clinical symptoms included number weakness or paralysis in the limbs and symptoms of damaged cranial nerves. All lesions appeared hypo- or iso-intense on spin echo(SE) T1-weighted images and inhomogeneous and mixed hyper- and iso-intense on Turbo spin echo (TSE) T2-weighted images. The lesions were located in mesencephalon, pons, medulla, basilar part of pons, basilar part of pons and medulla oblongata in 2,7,3,9 and 30 patients respectively. The enhancement patterns included irregular rings in 39 patients, spotty in 3 and no enhancement in 9 patients. Mass effect was minimal in all patients. On follow-up MRI, the lesions disappeared in 4 patients, did not change in size and shape in 8 patients and enlarged in 2 patients. Conclusion: MRI could demonstrate the characteristic findings of RE of brain stem. MRI findings sometimes are not consistent with the clinical symptoms

1998-01-01

351

MRI findings in the liver in biliary atresia patients after the Kasai operation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate liver function in biliary atresia (BA) patients after the Kasai operation, MRI was carried out 28 times in 19 BA patients. Sixteen of these were divided into three groups. In group 1 (n=7) the t-bil was continuously kept under 1 mg/100 ml. In group 2 (n=4) the t-bil was continuously kept under 1 mg/100 ml, but GPT and {gamma}-GTP remained high for more than 2 years. In group 3 (n=5) an increase in the t-bil level reappeared (1-2 mg/100 ml; n=4, >2 mg/100 ml; n=1). The differences between MRI finding in the 3 groups, and the correlation between MRI findings and laboratory data (t-bil, ChE, GPT and {gamma}-GTP), which were taken around the time of MRI examinations, were studied. All 19 patients had normal or high signal areas of various sizes on T1 weighted images (WI). Eighteen of 19 patients had high signal areas of various sizes on T2 WI in the portal system areas and/or liver parenchyma, and these areas were enhanced by gadolinium-DTPA in about half of the patients. Ten of 16 patients had atrophic change over one liver lobe. MRI findings for group 1 and the other groups were significantly different, and MRI findings, except for atrophic change, were correlated with the increase or decrease in laboratory data taken around the time of MRI examinations. These results indicate that a normal or high signal area on T1 WI shows functional tissue, and that a high signal area on T2 WI shows tissue damaged by inflammation and/or progressive fibrosis. (K.H.)

Takahashi, Atsushi; Hatakeyama, Shin-itsu; Suzuki, Norio; Kuroiwa, Minoru; Ikeda, Hitoshi; Murakami, Jun; Sakurai, Minako; Matsuyama, Shiro; Tsuchida, Yoshiaki [Gunma Children`s Medical Center, Hokkitsu (Japan)

1997-01-01

352

Spinal MRI Findings of Guillain-Barré Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Guillain-Barré syndrome is a relatively common, acute, and rapidly progressive, inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. The diagnosis is usually established on the basis of symptoms and signs, aided by cerebrospinal fluid findings and electrophysiologic criteria. Previously, radiologic examinations have been used only to rule out other spinal abnormalities. We report a case of systemic lupus erythematosus associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome with marked enhancement of nerve roots of the conus medullaris and cauda equina on MR imaging. These MR observations may help confirm the diagnosis of Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Ozlem Alkan; Tulin Yildirim; Naime Tokmak; Meliha Tan

2009-01-01

353

Incidental findings at MRI-enterography in patients with suspected or known Crohn’s disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: To determine the frequency and clinical impact of incidental findings detected with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-enterography in patients with suspected or known Crohn’s disease (CD).METHODS: Incidental findings were defined as unexpected lesions outside the small intestine, not previously known or suspected at the time of referral, and not related to inflammatory bowel disease. Through a systematic review of medical charts we analyzed the clinical impact of incidental findings, and compared the MRI findings with subsequent diagnostic procedures.RESULTS: A total of 283 patients were included in the analysis, and MRI detected active CD in 31%, fistula in 1.4% and abscess in 0.7%. Extra-intestinal findings not related to CD were recorded in 72 patients (25%), of which 58 patients (20%) had 74 previously unknown lesions. Important or incompletely characterized findings were detected in 17 patients (6.0%). Incidental findings led to 12 further interventions in 9 patients (3.2%) revealing previously unknown pathological conditions in 5 (1.8%). One patient (0.4%) underwent surgery and one patient was diagnosed with a malignant disease. MRI detected incidental colonic lesions in 16 patients of which additional work-up in 4 revealed normal anatomy. Two patients (0.7%) benefitted from the additional examinations, whereas incidental findings led to unnecessary examinations in 9 (3.2%).CONCLUSION: In a minority of patients with suspected or known CD, important incidental findings are diagnosed at MRI-enterography. However, a substantial number of patients experience unnecessary morbidity because of additional examinations of benign or normal conditions.

Michael Dam Jensen, Torben Nathan, Jens Kjeldsen, Søren Rafael Rafaelsen

2010-01-01

354

CT and MRI findings of cystadenofibromas of the ovary  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to assess imaging findings on CT or MR images of histologically proven ovarian cystadenofibromas. In the period 1995-2001, 32 histologically proven ovarian cystadenofibromas were identified in 28 women. Of the 32 ovarian cystadenofibromas, 16 tumors were purely cystic and the remaining 16 were complex cystic on CT or MR images. Solid components of 16 complex cystic tumors were seen as nodular (n=8) or trabecular (n=9) solid areas. One tumor had both nodular and trabecular solid components. Among 16 complex cystic tumors, 14 had thick or irregular septa; thus, half of ovarian cystadenofibromas had morphological imaging features of malignancy on CT or MR images. On histology, solid components in the cystic tumors were correlated with fibrous stromas that occasionally made a false-positive result for malignancy on imaging. (orig.)

2004-01-01

355

Atypical MRI findings in spondylitis; Spondylitis: Grenzbefunde im Magnetresonanztomogramm  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

MR studies of 41 patients with confirmed spondylitis were evaluated with regard to imaging findings resembling metastases or fracture. 30 patients had MR results considered typical for spondylitis (contiguous changes in two vertebrae and disc, soft tissue tumour). 11 patients had MR studies differing from this pattern. Absence of soft tissue involvement and discontinuous marrow changes may be misdiagnosed as bone marrow metastases. (orig.) [Deutsch] Magnetresonanztomographische Untersuchungen von 41 Patienten mit gesicherter Spondylitis wurden hinsichtlich der Bildbefunde ausgewertet, die zu einer Verwechslung mit metastischen oder traumatischen Wirbelkoerperveraenderungen fuehren koennen. 30 Patienten zeigten typische Bildbefunde (kontinuierlicher Befall zweier Wirbelkoerper und des dazwischenliegenden Bandscheibenfaches, Weichteiltumor). Bei 11 Patienten war der Bildbefund untypisch. Insbesondere diskontinuierliche Markraumveraenderungen ohne Weichteiltumor koennen zur Fehldiagnose einer diffusen Metastasierung fuehren. (orig.)

Hosten, N. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Lemke, A.J. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Mayer, H.M. [Orthopaedische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum Benjamin-Franklin, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Dihlmann, S.W. [Orthopaedische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum Benjamin-Franklin, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Pichler, E. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Felix, R. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum Rudolf Virchow, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany)

1995-05-01

356

Lumbar disc herniation at high levels : MRI and clinical findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess the frequency, location, associated MR findings, and clinical symptoms of the high level lumbar disc herniation(HLDH). A total of 1076 patients with lunbar disc herniation were retrospectively reviewed. MR images of 41 of these with HLDH(T12-L1, L1-2, L2-3) were analysed in terms of frequency, location, and associated MR findings, and correlated with clinical symptoms of HLDH. The prevalence of HLDH was 3.8%(41/1076). HLDH was located at T12-L1 level in four patients(10%), at L1-2 level in 14(34%), at L2-3 level in 21(51%), and at both L1-2 and L2-3 levels in two. The age of patients ranged from 20 to 72 years (mean, 44), and there were 26 men and 16 women. In 11(27%), whose mean age was 32 years, isolated disc herniation was limited to these high lumbar segments. The remaining 30 patients had HLDH associated with variable involvement of the lower lumbar segments. Associated lesions were as follow : lower level disc herniation(14 patients, 34%); apophyseal ring fracture(8 patients, 19%); Schmorl's node and spondylolisthesis (each 6 patients, each 14%); spondylolysis(3 patients, 7%); and retrolisthesis(2 patients, 5%). In 20 patients(49%) with HLDH(n=41), there was a previous history of trauma. Patients with HLDH showed a relatively high incidence of associated coexisting abnormalities such as lower lumbar disc herniation, apophyseal ring fracture, Schmorl's node, spondylolysis, and retrolisthesis. In about half of all patients with HLDH there was a previous history of trauma. The mean age of patients with isolated HLDH was lower; clinical symptoms of the condition were relatively nonspecific and their incidence was low.

1999-01-01