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1

Functional MRI of the patellofemoral joint: comparison of ultrafast MRI, motion-triggered cine MRI and static MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of ultrafast MRI (u), patellar tracking from 30 of flexion to knee extension (0 ) was analysed and compared with motion-triggered cine MRI (m) and a static MRI technique (s). The different imaging methods were compared in respect of the patellofemoral relationship, the examination time and image quality. Eight healthy subjects and four patients (in total 18 joints) with patellar subluxation or luxation were examined. Significant differences between the static MRI series without quadriceps contraction and the functional MRI studies (motion-triggered cine MRI and ultrafast MRI) were found for the patellar tilt angle. In the dynamic joint studies there was no statistical difference of the regression coefficients between the motion-triggered cine MRI studies and the ultrafast MRI studies. The findings of the functional MRI studies compared with the static MRI images were significantly different for the lateralisation of the patella, expressed by the lateral patellar displacement and bisect offset. No significant differences in patellar lateralisation were found between motion-triggered cine MRI and ultrafast MRI. Ultrafast MRI was superior to motion-triggered cine MRI in terms of the reduction in imaging time and improvement of the image quality. (orig.)

1995-01-01

2

Functional MRI of the patellofemoral joint: comparison of ultrafast MRI, motion-triggered cine MRI and static MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of ultrafast MRI (u), patellar tracking from 30 of flexion to knee extension (0 ) was analysed and compared with motion-triggered cine MRI (m) and a static MRI technique (s). The different imaging methods were compared in respect of the patellofemoral relationship, the examination time and image quality. Eight healthy subjects and four patients (in total 18 joints) with patellar subluxation or luxation were examined. Significant differences between the static MRI series without quadriceps contraction and the functional MRI studies (motion-triggered cine MRI and ultrafast MRI) were found for the patellar tilt angle. In the dynamic joint studies there was no statistical difference of the regression coefficients between the motion-triggered cine MRI studies and the ultrafast MRI studies. The findings of the functional MRI studies compared with the static MRI images were significantly different for the lateralisation of the patella, expressed by the lateral patellar displacement and bisect offset. No significant differences in patellar lateralisation were found between motion-triggered cine MRI and ultrafast MRI. Ultrafast MRI was superior to motion-triggered cine MRI in terms of the reduction in imaging time and improvement of the image quality. (orig.)

Muhle, C. [Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Univ. Kiel (Germany); Brossmann, J. [Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Univ. Kiel (Germany); Melchert, U.H. [Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Univ. Kiel (Germany); Schroeder, C. [Radiologische Abt., Universitaets-Kinderklinik, Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet, Kiel (Germany); Boer, R. de [Philips Medical Systems, Best (Netherlands); Spielmann, R.P. [Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Univ. Kiel (Germany); Heller, M. [Klinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik, Univ. Kiel (Germany)

1995-12-31

3

Mobile ependymoma diagnosed with cine MRI.  

Science.gov (United States)

Migration of neurogenic spinal tumours is uncommon. However, such possible mobility should be kept in mind during surgery for neurogenic tumours whenever the lesion is not found at the anticipated level. Conventional static imaging techniques, such as myelography and MRI, have not documented dynamic motion of tumours. A 12-year-old boy was diagnosed with a neurogenic spinal tumour in the thoracolumbar region. To assess the migratory tendency of the tumour, cine MRI was performed to acquire dynamic images under postural change. Cine MRI showed that the tumour migrated up to the lower part of the T12 vertebra from the upper part of the L1 vertebra during a change in spinal posture from cervical flexion to extension. The tumour was completely removed and histological examination revealed the tumour to be an ependymoma. Cine MRI is useful for dynamically and non-invasively assessing the migratory tendency of spinal tumours. PMID:24554682

Kotani, Toshiaki; Okawa, Akihiko; Akazawa, Tsutomu; Sakuma, Tsuyoshi

2014-01-01

4

Analysis of blowout fractures using cine mode MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

By observing conventional CT and MRI images, it is difficult to distinguish extension failure from adhesion, bone fracture or damage to the extraocular muscle, any one of which may be the direct cause of the eye movement disturbance accompanying blowout fracture. We therefore carried out dynamic analysis of eye movement disturbance using a cine mode MRI. We put seven fixation points in the gantry of the MRI and filmed eye movement disturbances by the gradient echo method, using a surface coil and holding the vision on each fixation point. We also video recorded the CRT monitor of the MRI to obtain dynamic MRI images. The subjects comprised 5 cases (7-23 years old). In 4 cases, we started orthoptic treatment, saccadic eye movement training, convergence training and fusional amplitude training after surgery, with only orthoptic treatment in the 5 th case. In all cases, fusion area improvement was recognized during training. In 2 cases examined by cine mode MRI before and after surgery, we observed improved eye movement after training, the effectiveness of which was thereby proven. Also, using cine mode MRI we were able to determine the character of incarcerated tissue and the cause of eye movement disturbance. We conclude that it blowout fracture, cine mode MRI may be useful in selecting treatment and observing its effectiveness. (author)

1995-07-01

5

Eye movement; Experimental and clinical study using cine mode MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is a special lecture at the 96th Annual Congress of the Japanese Ophthalmological Society in 1992, presenting studies on eye movement using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Using cine mode MRI technology, two methods for producing a series of photographs have been invented: (1) the moving eye method or dynamic method in which the subjects were asked to perform 256 or 512 vertical and horizontal eye movements in synchronization with a sound trigger; and (2) the fixed eye method or static method in which the subjects were asked to gaze at individual points in a 5 to 7 point sequence as indicated by the investigator. MRI data was generated and the resulting series of photographs were observed in cine mode on a televisin monitor. Displaying the MRI-generated photographs in cine mode enables direct observation of eye movement, optic nerve and extraocular muscles within the orbit. Although the moving eye method is more accurate in its portrayal of the actual eye movement, at least 256 eye movements are required for about 5 minutes, causing physical and mental load for the subjects. The fixed eye method was thus used to examine ophthalmoplegia, including abducens palsy, oculomotor palsy, fracture of the orbital wall, foreign bodies in the orbit, Duane's syndrome, endocrine myopathy, esotropia and exotropia. This allowed the investigation of anatomical changes, such as atrophy or hypertrophy, and the functional state caused by contraction and relaxation of the extraocular muscles. Transposition of the extraocular muscles for paralytic squint was reexamined and a new surgical procedure was developed for abducens palsy. The measurement of the length, thickness and weight of the extraocular muscles from the MRI-generated photographs allowed more accurate analysis. Three dimensional reconstructive method of MRI provided a valuable tool for evaluating the orbit. (N.K.) 67 refs.

Inatomi, Akihiro (Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu (Japan)); Kaji, Kazutaka; Sasaki, Kenji (and others)

1992-12-01

6

Conventional and cine-MRI in patients with aneurysms of the abdominal aorta. Konventionelle und Cine-MRT bei Patienten mit Aneurysmen der Aorta abdominalis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We studied 40 patients with aneurysms of the abdominal aorta by MRI. These results were compared with those obtained by real-time sonography (n = 40), angiography (n = 32) and CT (n = 16). In 30 patients the imaging results were compared - as far as possible - with the operative findings. MRI proved more reliable, especially if compared with sonography, in evaluating renal or iliac artery involvement. Mural thrombi were detected more often (93%) by MRI than by CT (85%) or sonography (83%). Cine-MRI showed strong turbulences in 33%. Turbulences did not correlate with the size of the aneurysm. (orig.).

Gross-Fengels, W.; Friedmann, G.; Lemaitre, F.; Schmidt, R.; Lanfermann, H.; Erasmi, H. (Koeln Univ. (Germany). Inst. und Poliklinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik Koeln Univ. (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Chirurgie)

1991-10-01

7

Cine MRI of the thorax in patients with pectus excavatum  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Morphologic and dynamic assessment of respiratory chest kinetics was performed in patients with pectus excavatum deformity (PE) using dynamic MRI: cine MRI. Seven consecutive patients with PE (aged 20.3 years±4.0) and ten healthy volunteers of comparable age underwent real-time cine MRI of the chest during breathing on a 1.5 T MR scanner (Magnetom Sonata, Siemens Medical Systems, Erlangen, Germany) using a standard phased array body coil and a half-Fourier single-shot turbo spin echo sequence (HASTE) for dynamic imaging. During deep inspiration and expiration, single-shot sequences were performed in one slice level over 20 s at a frequency of 1 image/s covering the entire thoracic cage in three orientations. Morphology and chest kinetics in patients with PE were analyzed and compared with normal values, and typical patterns of chest kinetics were noted. Three different types of chest morphology in PE were identified: (1) the generally flattened thoracic cage, (2) the ''tilted'' sternum, and (3) the focally deepened sternum. Three patterns of motion correspond to these morphological types: (1) elevation of the sternum and the anterior thoracic wall, (2) angulated elevation of the parasternal rib cage with persistent deepening of the sternum resembling a ''wing beat'' movement, and (3) increased diaphragmatic movements with limited chest wall dynamics. Cine MRI is an adequate radiation-free diagnostic modality for the dynamic imaging of both chest morphology and chest wall kinetics in patients with PE. The pectus severity index can easily be determined and three typical movement patterns of chest wall kinetics identified. (orig.)

2006-04-01

8

Kinematic analysis of the knee joint by cine MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In order to obtain the MR imaging of a moving knee joint, we developed a drive system of the knee. A reciprocating reversible motor with a rope and pulleys drove a knee brace with the knee bending and extending every two seconds. Using photo sensor probe for gating cine acquisition, we got 16-time frames/cycle MR images. Such as articular cartilage, ligaments and synovial fluid, the fine components of a moving knee joint were clearly seen. In a dynamic display, these cine images demonstrated 'actual' movement of the knee joint. Moving joint fluid and defect of anterior cruciate ligament were demonstrated in the case of knee injury. These findings were not seen on static images. Cine MR imaging was also helpful for evaluating the chronic joint disease and ligament reconstruction. Through the use of the present drive system and cine acquisition, dynamic MR imaging of a moving knee joint is clearly demonstrated and it may provide useful information in the kinematic analysis of the normal and pathologic knee. (author).

Niitsu, Mamoru; Akisada, Masayoshi; Anno, Izumi; Matsumoto, Kunihiko; Kuno, Shin-ya; Miyakawa, Shunpei (Tsukuba Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Inst. of Clinical Medicine); Inouye, Tamon; Kose, Katsumi

1989-08-01

9

Tissue-point motion tracking in the tongue from cine MRI and tagged MRI.  

Science.gov (United States)

PURPOSE Accurate tissue motion tracking within the tongue can help professionals diagnose and treat vocal tract-related disorders, evaluate speech quality before and after surgery, and conduct various scientific studies. The authors compared tissue tracking results from 4 widely used deformable registration (DR) methods applied to cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with harmonic phase (HARP)-based tracking applied to tagged MRI. METHOD Ten subjects repeated the phrase "a geese" multiple times while sagittal images of the head were collected at 26 Hz, first in a tagged MRI data set and then in a cine MRI data set. HARP tracked the motion of 8 specified tissue points in the tagged data set. Four DR methods including diffeomorphic demons and free-form deformations based on cubic B-spline with 3 different similarity measures were used to track the same 8 points in the cine MRI data set. Individual points were tracked and length changes of several muscles were calculated using the DR- and HARP-based tracking methods. RESULTS The results showed that the DR tracking errors were nonsystematic and varied in direction, amount, and timing across speakers and within speakers. Comparison of HARP and DR tracking with manual tracking showed better tracking results for HARP except at the tongue surface, where mistracking caused greater errors in HARP than DR. CONCLUSIONS Tissue point tracking using DR tracking methods contains nonsystematic tracking errors within and across subjects, making it less successful than tagged MRI tracking within the tongue. However, HARP sometimes mistracks points at the tongue surface of tagged MRI because of its limited bandpass filter and tag pattern fading, so that DR has better success measuring surface tissue points on cine MRI than HARP does. Therefore, a hybrid method is being explored. PMID:24686470

Woo, Jonghye; Stone, Maureen; Suo, Yuanming; Murano, Emi Z; Prince, Jerry L

2014-04-01

10

Research on the setting up the slice direction in cine-MRI scanning of the temporomandibular joint  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A thorough grasp of the dynamic correlation with the articular frames in the mandibular movements is useful for the diagnosis of craniomandibular disorders using the cine images in MRI examination. The present article compared cine images obtained from three directions, which were lateral pterygoid muscle, mandibular ramus, and the mandibular movements to obtain transversal images. The results obtained were as follows. The slice in the direction of the lateral pterygoid muscle was very advantageous for observation of the lateral pterygoid muscle and the maxillary artery. The slice in the direction of the mandibular movements had a slight predominance over the other two slices with respect to the dynamic grasp of positional relationships in the articular frames. These findings suggested that the slice direction suitable for scanning in cine-MRI should be selected. (author).

Baba, Shunsuke; Fukushima, Atsuo; Hori, Nobutaka [Kyoto Prefectural Univ. of Medicine (Japan). Dept. of Dentistry; Tanaka, Masahiro; Kawazoe, Takayoshi

1994-12-01

11

Comparison of standard, prone and cine MRI in the evaluation of tethered cord  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is defined by abnormal traction on the spinal cord that confines its movement. Surgical cord release usually stops neurological deterioration; therefore, early and accurate neuroradiological diagnosis is important. Supine MRI is the imaging modality of choice, but prone MRI and cine MRI can demonstrate cord movement. We compared the diagnostic accuracies of standard MRI, prone MRI and cine MRI in patients with clinical suspicion of TCS and evaluated inter-reader reliability for MR imaging. Children who underwent MRI for suspicion of TCS were retrospectively identified. Supine, prone and cine MRI studies were re-read by two pediatric neuroradiologists. Conus level, filum appearance and cord movement were documented. Thirteen of 49 children had tethered cord documented at surgery. Conus level had the highest diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity 69-77%, specificity 94%, positive predictive value 82-83%, negative predictive value 89-92%, correct diagnosis 88-90%) and highest between-reader concordance (98%). Prone and cine MRI did not add to the accuracy of the supine imaging. Conus level provides the highest diagnostic accuracy and inter-reader reliability in TCS. Until a larger series is evaluated, it remains questionable whether prone or cine MRI provides enough additional diagnostic information to warrant routine use. (orig.)

2012-06-01

12

Comparison of standard, prone and cine MRI in the evaluation of tethered cord  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is defined by abnormal traction on the spinal cord that confines its movement. Surgical cord release usually stops neurological deterioration; therefore, early and accurate neuroradiological diagnosis is important. Supine MRI is the imaging modality of choice, but prone MRI and cine MRI can demonstrate cord movement. We compared the diagnostic accuracies of standard MRI, prone MRI and cine MRI in patients with clinical suspicion of TCS and evaluated inter-reader reliability for MR imaging. Children who underwent MRI for suspicion of TCS were retrospectively identified. Supine, prone and cine MRI studies were re-read by two pediatric neuroradiologists. Conus level, filum appearance and cord movement were documented. Thirteen of 49 children had tethered cord documented at surgery. Conus level had the highest diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity 69-77%, specificity 94%, positive predictive value 82-83%, negative predictive value 89-92%, correct diagnosis 88-90%) and highest between-reader concordance (98%). Prone and cine MRI did not add to the accuracy of the supine imaging. Conus level provides the highest diagnostic accuracy and inter-reader reliability in TCS. Until a larger series is evaluated, it remains questionable whether prone or cine MRI provides enough additional diagnostic information to warrant routine use. (orig.)

Singh, Sukhjinder [Cohen Children' s Medical Center, Department of Radiology, New Hyde Park, NY (United States); Kline-Fath, Beth; Racadio, Judy M. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Bierbrauer, Karin [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Salisbury, Shelia; Macaluso, Maurizio [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Jackson, Elizabeth C. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Egelhoff, John C. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Phoenix Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

2012-06-15

13

Normal cardiac diameters in cine-MRI of the heart  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To measure the normal diameters of cardiac cavities in standard cardiac views using cine MRI. Materials and Methods: Fifty-six volunteers were examined (27 male, 29 female) on a 1.5 T MR unit with ECG-triggered single shot free precision (SSFP) cine MR sequences and parallel image acquisition. Standardized echocardiographic planes were used to depict the heart of all volunteers (short axis, 4-chamber view, left and right 2-chamber views). The different diameters of the cardiac cavities were measured using a fixed protocol. Results: For the estimation of ventricular dilatation, the important female/male cross diameters of the left ventricle are 45.2±3.4/51.6±4.6 mm diastolic and 30.5±3.5/33.8±3.6 mm systolic, and of the right ventricle 30.7±3.8/37.1±5.9 mm diastolic and 22.3±3.8/28.1±4.4 mm systolic. For the determination of a left ventricular hypertrophy, relevant septal wall thickness measured in the short axis of the left ventricle of female/male volunteers are 8.0±1.0/9.9±1.2 mm diastolic and 10.9±1.4/13.6±1.9 mm systolic. The measured normal values of male volunteers were generally higher than those of female volunteers. The thickness of the ventricular septum correlated well when measured in the short axis and 4-chamber view. When measured in the 4-chamber view, the longitudinal diameter of the ventricles had a higher value in diastole and a lower value in systole, compared to the 2-chamber views of the right and left cardiac cavities. The atrial longitudinal diameters were higher in the 4-chamber view compared to the 2-chamber views, without any difference in systole or diastole. Conclusion: Diameters of cardiac cavities are easily and quickly measured. Using the tables with the normal values published here, it is simple to estimate an abnormal size of the heart. (orig.)

2004-11-01

14

Value of cine MRI for better visualization of the proximal small bowel in normal individuals  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

While enteroclysis seems to be the most efficacious method in achieving bowel distension, enterographic methods have become widespread due to the unpleasantness of enteroclysis and the radiation involved with positioning the catheter. Cine images in MRI can be done without radiation. Our aim is to see if and how cine MR imaging can improve visualization of bowel loops by capturing them while distended. Ten healthy individuals were asked to drink up to 2,000 ml of an oral solution made locally over a 60-min period. Then they underwent MRI using coronal balanced fast field echo (b-FFE) covering small bowel loops. If the initial exam revealed collapsed bowel loops an additional 50 mg of erythromycine was given intravenously with the subject still in the scanner and then cine imaging was performed. The degree of distension of different segments of the small bowel was measured before and after cine imaging and compared. The distension score was significantly higher after addition of the cine images as well, being only significant for depiction of the duodenum and jejunum. Our preliminary study suggests that cine MRI can give better image depiction of the proximal small bowel in healthy volunteers, perhaps circumventing the need for enteroclysis in some cases. There is a need for validation of these results in patients with small bowel disease. (orig.)

Torkzad, Michael R.; Blomqvist, Lennart [Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Stockholm (Sweden); Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm (Sweden); Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Vargas, Roberto [Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Stockholm (Sweden); Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm (Sweden); Tanaka, Chikako [Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Stockholm (Sweden); Karolinska University Hospital Solna, Stockholm (Sweden); Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Sweden); Keio University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Tokyo (Japan)

2007-11-15

15

Value of cine MRI for better visualization of the proximal small bowel in normal individuals  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

While enteroclysis seems to be the most efficacious method in achieving bowel distension, enterographic methods have become widespread due to the unpleasantness of enteroclysis and the radiation involved with positioning the catheter. Cine images in MRI can be done without radiation. Our aim is to see if and how cine MR imaging can improve visualization of bowel loops by capturing them while distended. Ten healthy individuals were asked to drink up to 2,000 ml of an oral solution made locally over a 60-min period. Then they underwent MRI using coronal balanced fast field echo (b-FFE) covering small bowel loops. If the initial exam revealed collapsed bowel loops an additional 50 mg of erythromycine was given intravenously with the subject still in the scanner and then cine imaging was performed. The degree of distension of different segments of the small bowel was measured before and after cine imaging and compared. The distension score was significantly higher after addition of the cine images as well, being only significant for depiction of the duodenum and jejunum. Our preliminary study suggests that cine MRI can give better image depiction of the proximal small bowel in healthy volunteers, perhaps circumventing the need for enteroclysis in some cases. There is a need for validation of these results in patients with small bowel disease. (orig.)

2007-11-01

16

Three-dimensional MRI-linac intra-fraction guidance using multiple orthogonal cine-MRI planes  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The introduction of integrated MRI-radiation therapy systems will offer live intra-fraction imaging. We propose a feasible low-latency multi-plane MRI-linac guidance strategy. In this work we demonstrate how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used for low-latency tracking of the 3D trajectory of a soft-tissue target structure. The proposed strategy relies on acquiring a pre-treatment 3D breath-hold scan, extracting a 3D target template and performing template matching between this 3D template and pairs of orthogonal 2D cine-MRI planes intersecting the target motion path. For a 60 s free-breathing series of orthogonal cine-MRI planes, we demonstrate that the method was capable of accurately tracking the respiration related 3D motion of the left kidney. Quantitative evaluation of the method using a dataset designed for this purpose revealed a translational error of 1.15 mm for a translation of 39.9 mm. We have demonstrated how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used foronline tracking of soft-tissue target volumes.

Bjerre, Troels; Larsen, Rasmus

2013-01-01

17

Three-dimensional MRI-linac intra-fraction guidance using multiple orthogonal cine-MRI planes  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The introduction of integrated MRI-radiation therapy systems will offer live intra-fraction imaging. We propose a feasible low-latency multi-plane MRI-linac guidance strategy. In this work we demonstrate how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used for low-latency tracking of the 3D trajectory of a soft-tissue target structure. The proposed strategy relies on acquiring a pre-treatment 3D breath-hold scan, extracting a 3D target template and performing template matching between this 3D template and pairs of orthogonal 2D cine-MRI planes intersecting the target motion path. For a 60 s free-breathing series of orthogonal cine-MRI planes, we demonstrate that the method was capable of accurately tracking the respiration related 3D motion of the left kidney. Quantitative evaluation of the method using a dataset designed for this purpose revealed a translational error of 1.15 mm for a translation of 39.9 mm. We have demonstrated how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used for online tracking of soft-tissue target volumes. (paper)

2013-07-21

18

Three-dimensional MRI-linac intra-fraction guidance using multiple orthogonal cine-MRI planes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The introduction of integrated MRI-radiation therapy systems will offer live intra-fraction imaging. We propose a feasible low-latency multi-plane MRI-linac guidance strategy. In this work we demonstrate how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used for low-latency tracking of the 3D trajectory of a soft-tissue target structure. The proposed strategy relies on acquiring a pre-treatment 3D breath-hold scan, extracting a 3D target template and performing template matching between this 3D template and pairs of orthogonal 2D cine-MRI planes intersecting the target motion path. For a 60 s free-breathing series of orthogonal cine-MRI planes, we demonstrate that the method was capable of accurately tracking the respiration related 3D motion of the left kidney. Quantitative evaluation of the method using a dataset designed for this purpose revealed a translational error of 1.15 mm for a translation of 39.9 mm. We have demonstrated how interleaved acquired, orthogonal cine-MRI planes can be used for online tracking of soft-tissue target volumes. PMID:23807514

Bjerre, Troels; Crijns, Sjoerd; af Rosenschöld, Per Munck; Aznar, Marianne; Specht, Lena; Larsen, Rasmus; Keall, Paul

2013-07-21

19

Cine MRI of the thorax in patients with pectus excavatum; CINE-MRT des Thorax bei Patienten mit Pectus excavatum  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Morphologic and dynamic assessment of respiratory chest kinetics was performed in patients with pectus excavatum deformity (PE) using dynamic MRI: cine MRI. Seven consecutive patients with PE (aged 20.3 years{+-}4.0) and ten healthy volunteers of comparable age underwent real-time cine MRI of the chest during breathing on a 1.5 T MR scanner (Magnetom Sonata, Siemens Medical Systems, Erlangen, Germany) using a standard phased array body coil and a half-Fourier single-shot turbo spin echo sequence (HASTE) for dynamic imaging. During deep inspiration and expiration, single-shot sequences were performed in one slice level over 20 s at a frequency of 1 image/s covering the entire thoracic cage in three orientations. Morphology and chest kinetics in patients with PE were analyzed and compared with normal values, and typical patterns of chest kinetics were noted. Three different types of chest morphology in PE were identified: (1) the generally flattened thoracic cage, (2) the ''tilted'' sternum, and (3) the focally deepened sternum. Three patterns of motion correspond to these morphological types: (1) elevation of the sternum and the anterior thoracic wall, (2) angulated elevation of the parasternal rib cage with persistent deepening of the sternum resembling a ''wing beat'' movement, and (3) increased diaphragmatic movements with limited chest wall dynamics. Cine MRI is an adequate radiation-free diagnostic modality for the dynamic imaging of both chest morphology and chest wall kinetics in patients with PE. The pectus severity index can easily be determined and three typical movement patterns of chest wall kinetics identified. (orig.) [German] Morphologische und dynamische Darstellung typischer Bewegungsmuster der Atemmechanik bei Patienten mit Pectus excavatum (PE) mit dynamischer MRT: CINE-MRT. Sieben Patienten mit PE (Alter 20,3 Jahre {+-} 4,0) und 10 gesunde Probanden entsprechenden Alters wurden mit CINE-MRT des Thorax an einem 1,5-T-MRT (Magnetom Sonata, Siemens Medical Systems, Erlangen) untersucht. Bei Verwendung einer Phased-array-Koerperspule und einer Half-Fourier-single-shot-turbo-Spinechosequenz (HASTE) wurden bei tiefer, kontinuierlicher In- und Exspiration Einzelschichtmessungen in allen 3 Raumebenen mit einem Bild/s ueber die Dauer von 20 s angefertigt. Morphologie und Bewegungsmuster des Thorax wurden vergleichend analysiert, und dabei konnten typische Bewegungsabfolgen waehrend des Atemzyklus identifiziert werden. Es konnten 3 morphologische Formen der PE unterschieden werden: Der insgesamt abgeflachte Thorax, das ''gekippte, schraeg gestellte'' Sternum und das ''punktuell eingesunkene'' Sternum. Diesen entsprechen 3 Bewegungsmuster der Atemmechanik des Thorax bei PE: (1) gleichmaessiges Anheben von Sternum und vorderer Brustwand, (2) beidseitig abgewinkeltes Anheben der vorderen Brustwand bei konstant eingesunkenem Sternum (''Fluegelschlagdynamik'') und (3) betontes Absenken des Zwerchfells bei geringer Thoraxexkursion. CINE-MRT ist eine einfache und strahlenfreie Methode zur dynamischen Darstellung der Thoraxatemmechanik bei PE. Individuelle Auspraegung und Schweregrad der Deformitaet koennen zuverlaessig erfasst werden, wobei typische Bewegungsmuster erkennbar sind. (orig.)

Herrmann, K.A.; Zech, C.J.; Schoenberg, S.O.; Reiser, M.F. [Klinikum Grosshadern der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet, Institut fuer Klinische Radiologie, Muenchen (Germany); Strauss, T.; Hatz, R. [Klinikum Grosshadern der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Chirurgie

2006-04-15

20

Experimental study on quantitative evaluation of slow pulsatile flow of CSF with cine MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The present study was designed to evaluate the slow pulsatile flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) quantitatively with cine MRI in phantom experiment for the clinical application. The flow phantom was constructed from a plastic tube with a narrow channel to represent the central aqueduct. The phantom was filled with water to represent the CSF. The second tube filled with stationary water was positioned beside the flow phantom and acted as a control for no-flow signal strength. The ratio of signal intensity in regions of interest for the flow phantom and the control was measured. Not only the actual velocity curve of the flowing water through the phantom but also the temporal profile of signal intensity showed two main peaks with other small peaks in one cycle. This suggested a close relationship between signal intensity of cine MRI and flow velocity. A significant correlation between the signal intensity ratio and the velocity was obtained on cine MRI pulse sequences. Cine MRI was thus found to have the ability to give quantitative information about slow pulsatile flow. The most suitable pulse sequence was fast imaging with steady state free precession pulse sequence at the flip angle between 50 and 90 degrees. This preliminary study suggests that the slow pulsatile flow of CSF passing along the aqueduct can be visualized and measured. Thus, the sequence proposed has a potential for the investigation of normal and disturbed CSF circulation and the mapping of the flow pattern in different pathological conditions. (N.K.).

Matsuda, Masao (Kanazawa Medical Univ., Uchinada, Ishikawa (Japan))

1991-06-01

 
 
 
 
21

Experimental study on quantitative evaluation of slow pulsatile flow of CSF with cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The present study was designed to evaluate the slow pulsatile flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) quantitatively with cine MRI in phantom experiment for the clinical application. The flow phantom was constructed from a plastic tube with a narrow channel to represent the central aqueduct. The phantom was filled with water to represent the CSF. The second tube filled with stationary water was positioned beside the flow phantom and acted as a control for no-flow signal strength. The ratio of signal intensity in regions of interest for the flow phantom and the control was measured. Not only the actual velocity curve of the flowing water through the phantom but also the temporal profile of signal intensity showed two main peaks with other small peaks in one cycle. This suggested a close relationship between signal intensity of cine MRI and flow velocity. A significant correlation between the signal intensity ratio and the velocity was obtained on cine MRI pulse sequences. Cine MRI was thus found to have the ability to give quantitative information about slow pulsatile flow. The most suitable pulse sequence was fast imaging with steady state free precession pulse sequence at the flip angle between 50 and 90 degrees. This preliminary study suggests that the slow pulsatile flow of CSF passing along the aqueduct can be visualized and measured. Thus, the sequence proposed has a potential for the investigation of normal and disturbed CSF circulation and the mapping of the flow pattern in different pathological conditions. (N.K.)

1991-01-01

22

Evaluation of congenital heart disease by cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)  

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The authors studied 11 adult patients (pts) with atrial septal defect (ASD) and 4 adult pts with ventricular septal defect (VSD) using cine magnetic resonance. All studies were performed using a .6T superconducting magnet with ECG gating and electronic axial rotation when appropriate. Repeated multislice image with no change in physiologic delay of the spin echo pulse sequence, but varying the time by offsetting one slice at each imaging stage allowed for an N x N collection of data where N is the number of slices in one collection set and is equal to the number of sets collected. Algebraic manipulation of the T1 weighted images (TE=30mSec TRcine dynamic display. This technique provides multitime views of each slice and allows for greater appreciation of right atrial enlargement, right ventricular hypertrophy and dilation, and imaging of the atrial septum than does conventional MRI. Using this technique, the authors have identified both atrial and ventricular septal defects in all pts preoperatively and have noted an intact atrial septum following surgery. Standard MRI produced 4 false positive studies postoperatively because only 1 phase of the cardiac cycle was reviewed. Cine MRI allows better identification of septal defects than standard static acquisitions. The cine technique also provides better definition and delineation of right sided abnormalities which are maximized when viewed in a cardiac major axis obtained by electronic axial rotation.

Feiglin, D.H.I.; Moodie, D.S.; O' Donnell, J.K.; Go, R.T.; Sterba, R.; MacIntyre, W.J.

1985-05-01

23

Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics with cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Flow velocity of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was analyzed at the aqueduct and the prepontine cistern with a 1.5 tesla superconductive type magnetic resonance imager (Sierra, GE Yokogawa Medical Co.). Cine mode phase contrast MR pulse sequence using peripheral gating was used to measure CSF flow direction and velocity. The CSF flow studies were done under the slice thickness of 10 mm or 2 mm. The flow patterns observed at 2 mm thin slice showed distinct to-and-fro pattern of aqueductal CSF flow and seemed to reflect the peripheral pulse rhythm. Until quite recently such invasive examination as the computed tomographic cisternography has been required to comprehend the CSF dynamics. The presented scan technique of cine mode magnetic resonance image is capable of comprehending the CSF dynamics without any invasive procedure. (author)

1996-09-01

24

MRI findings in Hirayama disease  

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The objective of the study was to study the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of Hirayama disease on a 3 Tesla MRI scanner. Nine patients with clinically suspected Hirayama disease were evaluated with neutral position, flexion, contrast-enhanced MRI and fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA) sequences. The spectrum of MRI features was evaluated and correlated with the clinical and electromyography findings. MRI findings of localized lower cervical cord atrophy (C5-C7...

2010-01-01

25

MRI finding of hemangioblastomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of posterior fossa hemanangioblastoma and usefulness of contrast enhancement with Gd-DTPA. Seven patients with posterior fossa hemangioblastoma were studied with both pre- and post-enhanced MRI. The MR images were reviewed regarding the location, size, signal intensities of cysts and mural nodules, and their contrast enhancement pattern. Five tumors were located in cerebellar hemisphere, one in vermis, and one in posterior part of medulla. One patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease had a medullary hemangioblastoma with multiple pancreatic cysts. In 6 cases, the major portion of the tumor was cysts and had small mulkal nodules. The solid portion was relatively lange in one cases, cemprising half of the tumor cysts were oval shaped and their sized were 3-6.7 cm in diameter. In five cases(71%), septations were noted within the cysts. Cysts were isointense or slightly hyperintense on T1-weighted image and hyperintense on T2- weighted image compared with cerebrospinal fluid. Mural nodules were oval or rounded radiotherapy had better prognosis than those treated with radiotherapy alwas 0.5-2.5 cm in diameter. Mural nodules were isointense to gray matter. They were detected in five cases on T1-weighted images and one case on T2-weighted images. In two cases, vascular signal void area was noted in mural nodules. On contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images, all mural nodules were intensely enhanced. MRI provide to be a good diagnostic method to detect and characterize posterior fossa hemangioblastoma. The most common finding is Cystic posterior fossa lesion with enhancing mural nodule. Contrast enhancement is essential for specific diagnosis

1994-05-01

26

MRI finding of hemangioblastomas  

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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of posterior fossa hemanangioblastoma and usefulness of contrast enhancement with Gd-DTPA. Seven patients with posterior fossa hemangioblastoma were studied with both pre- and post-enhanced MRI. The MR images were reviewed regarding the location, size, signal intensities of cysts and mural nodules, and their contrast enhancement pattern. Five tumors were located in cerebellar hemisphere, one in vermis, and one in posterior part of medulla. One patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease had a medullary hemangioblastoma with multiple pancreatic cysts. In 6 cases, the major portion of the tumor was cysts and had small mulkal nodules. The solid portion was relatively lange in one cases, cemprising half of the tumor cysts were oval shaped and their sized were 3-6.7 cm in diameter. In five cases(71%), septations were noted within the cysts. Cysts were isointense or slightly hyperintense on T1-weighted image and hyperintense on T2- weighted image compared with cerebrospinal fluid. Mural nodules were oval or rounded radiotherapy had better prognosis than those treated with radiotherapy alwas 0.5-2.5 cm in diameter. Mural nodules were isointense to gray matter. They were detected in five cases on T1-weighted images and one case on T2-weighted images. In two cases, vascular signal void area was noted in mural nodules. On contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images, all mural nodules were intensely enhanced. MRI provide to be a good diagnostic method to detect and characterize posterior fossa hemangioblastoma. The most common finding is Cystic posterior fossa lesion with enhancing mural nodule. Contrast enhancement is essential for specific diagnosis.

Park, Seung Cheol; Oh, Min Cheol; Chung, Hwan Hoon; Seol, Hye Young; Lee, Nam Joon; Kim, Jung Hyuk [Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1994-05-15

27

Cardiac Metastasis from Invasive Thymoma Via the Superior Vena Cava: Cardiac MRI Findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cardiac tumors are rare, and metastatic deposits are more common than primary cardiac tumors. We present cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a 50-year-old woman with invasive thymoma. Cardiac MRI revealed a heterogeneous, lobulated anterior mediastinal mass invading the superior vena cava and extending to the right atrium. In cine images there was no invasion to the right atrial wall.

2008-07-01

28

New developments in imaging: Sonography, cine-CT, MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The book can be conveniently subdivided into three sections: the first on magnetic resonance imaging the second on cine-computed tomography and the third on advances in ultrasound (US). The MR imaging section includes two chapters: the first on indications for MR in abdominal disease (a cookbook layout of indications for MR imaging versus CT) and the second on MR imaging of the heart. There are also chapters on MR imaging and US in the pelvis, contrast agent principles, and a chapter on imaging renal tumors. The third section, on US, contains chapters on the liver and gastrointenstinal disease, interventional US sonography during neurosurgery, state-of-the-art echocardiography. Doppler flow imaging, contrast media for sonography, endometrial sonography, and high-resolution US in the first trimester. The final chapter is presented as a scientific paper rather than as a chapter in a book and has no illustrations

1987-01-01

29

New developments in imaging: Sonography, cine-CT, MRI  

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The book can be conveniently subdivided into three sections: the first on magnetic resonance imaging the second on cine-computed tomography and the third on advances in ultrasound (US). The MR imaging section includes two chapters: the first on indications for MR in abdominal disease (a cookbook layout of indications for MR imaging versus CT) and the second on MR imaging of the heart. There are also chapters on MR imaging and US in the pelvis, contrast agent principles, and a chapter on imaging renal tumors. The third section, on US, contains chapters on the liver and gastrointenstinal disease, interventional US sonography during neurosurgery, state-of-the-art echocardiography. Doppler flow imaging, contrast media for sonography, endometrial sonography, and high-resolution US in the first trimester. The final chapter is presented as a scientific paper rather than as a chapter in a book and has no illustrations.

Otto, R.J.; Higgins, C.B.

1987-01-01

30

Stress cine MRI for detection of coronary artery disease; Stress-Cine-MRT zur Primaeridagnostik der koronaren Herzkrankheit  

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Stress testing is the cornerstone in the diagnosis of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Stress echocardiography has become a well-established modality for the detection of ischemia-induced wall motion abnormalities. However, display and reliable interpretation of stress echocardiography studies are user-dependent, the test reproducibility is low, and 10 to 15% of patients yield suboptimal or non-diagnostic images. Due to its high spatial and contrast resolution, MRI is known to permit an accurate determination of left ventricular function and wall thickness at rest. Early stress MRI studies provided promising results with respect to the detection of CAD. However, the clinical impact was limited due to long imaging time and problematic patient monitoring in the MRI environment. Recent technical improvements - namely ultrafast MR image acquisition - led to a significant reduction of imaging time and improved patient safety. Stress can be induced by physical exercise or pharmacologically by administration of a beta{sub 1}-agonist (dobutamine) or vasodilatator (dipyridamole and adenosine). The best developed and most promising stress MRI technique is a high-dose dobutamine/atropine stress protocol (10, 20, 30, 40 {mu}g/kg/min; optionally 0.25-mg fractions of atropine up to maximal dose 1 mg). Severe complications (myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation and sustained tachycardia, cardiogenic shock) may be expected in 0.25% of patients. Currently, data of three high-dose dobutamine stress MRI studies are available, revealing a good sensitivity (83 - 87%) and specificity (83 - 86%) in the assessment of CAD. The direct comparison between echocardiography and MRI for the detection of stress-induced wall motion abnormalities yielded better results for dobutamine-MRI in terms of sensitivity (86.2% vs. 74.3%; p < 0.05) and specificity (85.7% vs. 69.8% p < 0.05) as compared to dobutamine stress echocardiography. The superior results of MRI can mainly be explained by the better image quality with sharp delineation of the endocardial and epicardial borders. Currently, stress MRI is already a realistic clinical alternative for the non-invasive assessment of CAD in patients with impaired image quality in echocardiography. (orig.) [German] Belastungsuntersuchungen sind einer der wesentlichen Pfeiler der nicht-invasiven Diagnostik der koronaren Herzkrankheit (KHK). Die Stress-Cine-Magnetresonanztomographie (Stress-MRT) beruht wie die Stressechokardiographie auf dem direkten Nachweis ischaemieinduzierter Wandbewegungsstoerungen. Ihr Einsatz bei kardialen Belastungsuntersuchungen wurde bisher vor allem durch die langen Untersuchungszeiten und die limitierten Ueberwachungsmoeglichkeiten der Patienten eingeschraenkt. Erst seit kurzem wurden durch technische Weiterentwicklungen (insbesondere ultraschnelle k-Raum-segmentierte Sequenzen) die wesentlichen Rahmenbedingungen fuer eine klinisch praktikable kardiale MRT-Belastungsdiagnostik geschaffen. Als Stress-Induktoren koennen physikalische (Fahrradergometrie) und pharmakologische Belastungsverfahren ({beta}{sub 1}-Mimetika [Dobutamin] oder Vasodilatatoren [Dipyridamol, Adenosin]) eingesetzt werden. Insbesondere seit der Etablierung von Hochdosis-Protokollen mit fakultativer Atropingabe wird die Belastung mit Dobutamin bei der Stress-MRT zum Nachweis einer KHK (Sensitivitaet: 83 - 87%; Spezifitaet: 83 - 86%) von den meisten Arbeitsgruppen favorisiert. Schwerere Komplikationen treten in 0,25% der Faelle auf. Im direkten Vergleich zeigte sich die Dobutamin-Stress-MRT aufgrund der besseren Bildqualitaet der Dobutamin-Stressechokardiographie ueberlegen (Sensitivitaet: 86,2% vs. 74,3%, p < 0,05; Spezifitaet: 85,7% vs. 69,8%, p < 0,05). Die Stress-MRT ist bereits zum jetzigen Zeitpunkt eine realistische - in der Routinediagnostik anwendbare - Alternative zur Stressechokardiographie. Vom Einsatz der Stress-MRT profitieren zur Zeit v.a. Patienten, bei denen aufgrund grundsaetzlich schlechter Schallbarkeit mit hoher Wahrscheinlichkeit von nicht oder nur eingeschra

Sommer, T.; Hofer, U.; Schild, H. [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Radiologische Klinik; Omran, H. [Medizinische Universitaetsklinik II Bonn (Germany)

2002-05-01

31

Treatment and diagnosis of middle fossa arachnoid cyst. Ventriculofiberscopy and cine-MRI  

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The treatment of intracranial arachnoid cysts is controversial regarding its surgical indication and operative procedures. Conventional surgical approaches such as fenestration, membranectomy, and shunting operation are invasive. Also CT cisternography and/or RI cisternography are invasive, when it has been performed to evaluate the possible CSF communications between the arachnoid cyst and subarachnoid space. Between July 1994 and February 1997, 10 patients with intracranial middle fossa arachnoid cysts were treated with a newly developed ventriculofiberscope which is characterized by splendid mechanical flexibility and high resolution. The cine-MRI, which is a non-invasive diagnostic tool, is used to evaluate the CSF circulation around the cyst fenestration. The patients` ages ranged from 4 months to 10 years, with a mean of 4.46 years. The cyst locations were left middle fossa (9), and right (1). Eight patients presented with macrocrania, 4 with developmental delay, three with seizure, two with headache, and one with subdural hematoma. The patients were preoperatively evaluated by means of MRI and cine-MR images. In all patients ventriculofiberscopic procedures including cyst fenestration, membranous dissection, cyst puncture and shriveling were successfully performed. Postoperative MR and cine-MR studies have shown reduction of the cyst size and appropriate CSF circulation. Neuroendoscopic procedures seem to be the first choice for children with arachnoid cysts and the ventriculofiberscope proved to be very useful not only for cyst fenestration but also for cyst dissection. In addition, the non-invasive cine-MR studies are useful for long follow-up at OPD. (author)

Kamikawa, Shuji; Kuwamura, Keiichi [Hyogo Prefectural Awaji Hospital, Sumoto (Japan); Tamaki, Norihiko

1998-07-01

32

Treatment and diagnosis of middle fossa arachnoid cyst. Ventriculofiberscopy and cine-MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The treatment of intracranial arachnoid cysts is controversial regarding its surgical indication and operative procedures. Conventional surgical approaches such as fenestration, membranectomy, and shunting operation are invasive. Also CT cisternography and/or RI cisternography are invasive, when it has been performed to evaluate the possible CSF communications between the arachnoid cyst and subarachnoid space. Between July 1994 and February 1997, 10 patients with intracranial middle fossa arachnoid cysts were treated with a newly developed ventriculofiberscope which is characterized by splendid mechanical flexibility and high resolution. The cine-MRI, which is a non-invasive diagnostic tool, is used to evaluate the CSF circulation around the cyst fenestration. The patients' ages ranged from 4 months to 10 years, with a mean of 4.46 years. The cyst locations were left middle fossa (9), and right (1). Eight patients presented with macrocrania, 4 with developmental delay, three with seizure, two with headache, and one with subdural hematoma. The patients were preoperatively evaluated by means of MRI and cine-MR images. In all patients ventriculofiberscopic procedures including cyst fenestration, membranous dissection, cyst puncture and shriveling were successfully performed. Postoperative MR and cine-MR studies have shown reduction of the cyst size and appropriate CSF circulation. Neuroendoscopic procedures seem to be the first choice for children with arachnoid cysts and the ventriculofiberscope proved to be very useful not only for cyst fenestration but also for cyst dissection. In addition, the non-invasive cine-MR studies are useful for long follow-up at OPD. (author)

1998-07-01

33

[Treatment and diagnosis of middle fossa arachnoid cyst: ventriculofiberscopy and cine-MRI].  

Science.gov (United States)

The treatment of intracranial arachnoid cysts in controversial regarding its surgical indication and operative procedures. Conventional surgical approaches such as fenestration, membranectomy, and shunting operation are invasive. Also CT cisternography and/or RI cisternography are invasive, when it has been performed to evaluate the possible CSF communications between the arachnoid cyst and subarachnoid space. Between July 1994 and February 1997, 10 patients with intracranial middle fossa arachnoid cysts were treated with a newly developed ventriculofiberscope which is characterized by splendid mechanical flexibility and high resolution. The cine-MRI, which is a non-invasive diagnostic tool, is used to evaluate the CSF circulation around the cyst fenestration. The patients' ages ranged from 4 months to 10 years, with a mean of 4.46 years. The cyst locations were left middle fossa (9), and right (1). Eight patients presented with macrocrania, 4 with developmental delay, three with seizure, two with headache, and one with subdural hematoma. The patients were preoperatively evaluated by means of MRI and cine-MR images. In all patients ventriculofiberscopic procedures including cyst fenestration, membranous dissection, cyst puncture and shrivelling were successfully performed. Postoperative MR and cine-MR studies have shown reduction of the cyst size and appropriate CSF circulation. Neuroendoscopic procedures seem to be the choice for children with arachnoid cysts and the ventriculofiberscope proved to be very useful not only for cyst fenestration but also for cyst dissection. In addition, the non-invasive cine-MR studies are useful for long follow-up at OPD. PMID:9666495

Kamikawa, S; Kuwamura, K; Tamaki, N

1998-07-01

34

Implementation of compressive sensing for preclinical cine-MRI  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a practical implementation of Compressive Sensing (CS) for a preclinical MRI machine to acquire randomly undersampled k-space data in cardiac function imaging applications. First, random undersampling masks were generated based on Gaussian, Cauchy, wrapped Cauchy and von Mises probability distribution functions by the inverse transform method. The best masks for undersampling ratios of 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 were chosen for animal experimentation, and were programmed into a Bruker Avance III BioSpec 7.0T MRI system through method programming in ParaVision. Three undersampled mouse heart datasets were obtained using a fast low angle shot (FLASH) sequence, along with a control undersampled phantom dataset. ECG and respiratory gating was used to obtain high quality images. After CS reconstructions were applied to all acquired data, resulting images were quantitatively analyzed using the performance metrics of reconstruction error and Structural Similarity Index (SSIM). The comparative analysis indicated that CS reconstructed images from MRI machine undersampled data were indeed comparable to CS reconstructed images from retrospective undersampled data, and that CS techniques are practical in a preclinical setting. The implementation achieved 2 to 4 times acceleration for image acquisition and satisfactory quality of image reconstruction.

Tan, Elliot; Yang, Ming; Ma, Lixin; Zheng, Yahong Rosa

2014-03-01

35

Hippocampal malrotation: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To demonstrate the common features of hippocampus malrotation in patients with epilepsy by volumetric and high-resolution MRI. Material and methods: MRI study was performed in 5 patients (2 females and 3 males) ages ranged between 6-41 years (average: 25 years), all of them with epilepsy diagnosis. MRI was performed with a 1.5 T (GE Signa). The epilepsy protocol include sagittal T1, axial T1 and T2, coronal FLAIR, coronal T2 (high-resolution) and volumetric 3D SPGR IR 1.5 mm thick sequences. Results: The common features found in all patients were: a) Incomplete inversion and round configuration of the hippocampus; b) Unilateral affectation; c) Variable affectation of the hippocampus; d) Normal signal intensity; e) Modification of the inner structure of the hippocampus; f) Abnormal angularity of the collateral sulcus; g) Abnormal position and size of the fornix; h) Normal size of the temporal lobe; and i) Enlargement of the temporal horn with particular configuration. Conclusion: Hippocampus malrotation is a malformation that should be included in the differential diagnosis of the epilepsy patients. MRI provides accurate information for the diagnosis. (author)

2001-01-01

36

Assessment of left atrial volume by Gd-DTPA-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI. Hemodynamic assessment in various diseases  

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To assess the validity of contrast-enhanced breath-hold ultrafast cine MR imaging in left atrial (LA) volumes (LA max.I: maximal volume index of LA/LA min.I: minimal volume index of LA) and LA-volume curve, this method was compared with intravenous digital subtraction left atrial angiography (DSA) in serial 26 patients. The pulse sequence of ultrafast cine MRI were TR 8 ms, TE 3.2 ms, matrix 128 x 96 and NEX 1. The contrast-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI was shown to provide accurate left atrial images with higher success rate (88.9% in horizontal long axis view and 86.9% in vertical long axis view) in serial 891 cases. Comparison with LA volumes showed a high correlation (LA max.I: r=0.934, p<0.001/LA min.I: r=0941, p<0.001) between ultrafast cine MRI and DSA, but LA volumes were underestimated in MRI. The left atrial volumes were calculated with biplane modified Simpson`s rule method on horizontal and vertical long axis sections. Normal LA volumes obtained by ultrafast cine MRI were 30{+-}5 ml/m{sup 2} in maximum and 17{+-}5 ml/m{sup 2} in minimum. In patients with hypertension, old myocardial infarction, mitral valve diseases, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, LA-volumes were significantly increased. The LA-volumes at the beginning of left atrial active contraction were significantly correlated with LA-volume of active contraction. However, in patients with DCM, these statistical correlation were not demonstrated. In patients with DCM, preload of LA were increased, but LA-volumes of active contraction were not increased. For this reason, the afterload mismatch of LA was suspected in DCM. In conclusion, the contrast-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI is useful for determining LA volumes and LA volume curves. (author).

Matsumura, Kentaro; Nakase, Emiko; Hashi, Masashi; Kawai, Ichiro; Saito, Takayuki; Haiyama, Tohru; Kikkawa, Nobutada [Kyoto Minami Hospital, Nishishichijyo (Japan)

1995-10-01

37

Rabies, encephalomyelitis: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors present a 14 year old patient who started with walking and swallowing difficulty; followed by fever, abdominal and lower back pain. Mechanical breathing difficulties required a respiratory mechanic assistance. The diagnosis of Guillain-Barre syndrome was thought at first. Since the patient have had previous contact with a bat two months before the symptoms began, this suggested rabies as the main diagnosis, which was later confirmed by hair-bulb, cornea, oral mucosa and salival immunofluorescence. The brain and spinal cord MRI showed focal lesions in T2 and FLAIR sequences, compatible with encephalomyelitis. (author)

2002-01-01

38

MRI findings in Hirayama disease  

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Full Text Available The objective of the study was to study the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI features of Hirayama disease on a 3 Tesla MRI scanner. Nine patients with clinically suspected Hirayama disease were evaluated with neutral position, flexion, contrast-enhanced MRI and fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA sequences. The spectrum of MRI features was evaluated and correlated with the clinical and electromyography findings. MRI findings of localized lower cervical cord atrophy (C5-C7, abnormal curvature, asymmetric cord flattening, loss of attachment of the dorsal dural sac and subjacent laminae in the neutral position, anterior displacement of the dorsal dura on flexion and a prominent epidural space were revealed in all patients on conventional MRI as well as with the dynamic 3D-FIESTA sequence. Intramedullary hyperintensity was seen in four patients on conventional MRI and on the 3D-FIESTA sequence. Flow voids were seen in four patients on conventional MRI sequences and in all patients with the 3D-FIESTA sequence. Contrast enhancement of the epidural component was noted in all the five patients with thoracic extensions. The time taken for conventional and contrast-enhanced MRI was about 30-40 min, while that for the 3D-FIESTA sequence was 6 min. Neutral and flexion position MRI and the 3D-FIESTA sequence compliment each other in displaying the spectrum of findings in Hirayama disease. A flexion study should form an essential part of the screening protocol in patients with suspected Hirayama disease. Newer sequences such as the 3D-FIESTA may help in reducing imaging time and obviating the need for contrast.

Raval Monali

2010-01-01

39

Frequency analyses of CSF flow on cine MRI in normal pressure hydrocephalus  

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Our objective was to clarify intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow dynamics in normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). Frequency analyses of CSF flow measured with phase-contrast cine MRI were performed. The CSF flow spectra in the aqueduct were determined in patients (n=51) with NPH, brain atrophy or asymptomatic ventricular dilation (VD), and in healthy volunteers (control group; n=25). The changes in CSF flow spectra were also analyzed after intravenous injection of acetazolamide. Moreover, a phase transfer function (PTF) calculated from the spectra of the driving vascular pulsation and CSF flow in the aqueduct were assessed. These values were compared with the pressure volume response (PVR). The amplitude in the NPH group was significantly larger than that in the VD or control group because of a decrease in compliance. The phase in the NPH group was significantly different from that in either the VD or the control group, but no difference was found between the VD and control groups. The amplitude increased in all groups after acetazolamide injection. The PTF in the NPH group was significantly larger than in the control group, and a positive correlation was noted between PTF and PVR. Frequency analyses of CSF flow measured by cine MRI make it possible to noninvasively obtain a more detailed picture of the pathophysiology of NPH. (orig.)

Miyati, Tosiaki; Kasuga, Toshio; Koshida, Kichiro; Sanada, Shigeru; Onoguchi, Masahisa [Department of Radiological Technology, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kanazawa University, 5-11-80, Kodatsuno, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-0942 (Japan); Mase, Mitsuhito; Yamada, Kazuo [Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya City University Medical School, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 467-8602 (Japan); Banno, Tatsuo [Department of Central Radiology, Nagoya City University Hospital, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 467-8602 (Japan); Fujita, Hiroshi [Department of Information Science, Faculty of Engineering, Gifu University, Yanagido 1-1, Gifu 501-1193 (Japan)

2003-05-01

40

MRI findings in bipartite patella  

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Bipartite patella is a known cause of anterior knee pain. Our purpose was to detail the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of bipartite patella in a retrospective cohort of patients imaged at our institution. MRI exams from 53 patients with findings of bipartite patella were evaluated to assess for the presence of bone marrow edema within the bipartite fragment and for the presence of abnormal signal across the synchondrosis or pseudarthrosis. Any other significant knee pathology seen at MRI was also recorded. We also reviewed 400 consecutive knee MRI studies to determine the MRI prevalence of bipartite patella. Of the 53 patients with bipartite patella 40 (75%) were male; 35 (66%) had edema within the bipartite fragment. Of the 18 with no edema an alternative explanation for knee pain was found in 13 (72%). Edema within the bipartite fragment was the sole finding in 26 of 53 (49%) patients. Bipartite patella was seen in 3 (0.7%) of 400 patients. In patients with bipartite patella at knee MRI, bone marrow edema within the bipartite fragment was the sole finding on knee MRI in almost half of the patients in our series. (orig.)

Kavanagh, Eoin C. [University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre, Department of Radiology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Zoga, Adam; Omar, Imran [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ford, Stephanie; Eustace, Stephen [Cappagh National Orthopaedic Hospital, Department of Radiology, Dublin (Ireland); Schweitzer, Mark [Hospital for Joint Disease, Orthopedic Institute, Department of Radiology, New York, NY (United States)

2007-03-15

 
 
 
 
41

MRI findings in bipartite patella  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Bipartite patella is a known cause of anterior knee pain. Our purpose was to detail the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of bipartite patella in a retrospective cohort of patients imaged at our institution. MRI exams from 53 patients with findings of bipartite patella were evaluated to assess for the presence of bone marrow edema within the bipartite fragment and for the presence of abnormal signal across the synchondrosis or pseudarthrosis. Any other significant knee pathology seen at MRI was also recorded. We also reviewed 400 consecutive knee MRI studies to determine the MRI prevalence of bipartite patella. Of the 53 patients with bipartite patella 40 (75%) were male; 35 (66%) had edema within the bipartite fragment. Of the 18 with no edema an alternative explanation for knee pain was found in 13 (72%). Edema within the bipartite fragment was the sole finding in 26 of 53 (49%) patients. Bipartite patella was seen in 3 (0.7%) of 400 patients. In patients with bipartite patella at knee MRI, bone marrow edema within the bipartite fragment was the sole finding on knee MRI in almost half of the patients in our series. (orig.)

2007-03-01

42

Observation of the CSF pulsative flow using cine MRI and presaturation pulse, 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The to-and-fro motion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the aqueduct was visualized using cine MRI combined with a presaturation pulse before the radiofrequency pulse in each cardiac phase. Next, an attempt was made to quantify its velocity from those images. For clinical uses, imaging parameters, such as pulse interval time (PI) and flip angle (FA), were studied for a flow phantom and normal volunteers. The shorter the PI chosen, the more accurate was the quantificaiton, and the better was the imaging contrast obtained. It was noted, however, that if the velocity is slow (such as the CSF flow in the aqueduct), a slightly longer PI must be chosen to measure the distance of the moved presaturated bolus from the images. As a result, a PI of less than 50 msec was employed. With FA, the best contrast was noted with settings between 10deg and 15deg. Two methods using a presaturation pulse were employed: cine mode and single phase mode. In normal volunteers, both methods were used to measure the velocity of CSF in the aqueduct during each cardiac phase. Velocity curves were then quantified. The direction of the CSF flow was changed at 20-30% and 70-80% of the RR interval. In early and late phases of the RR interval, the direction was rostral, and in the other phase, it was caudal. In single phase mode the maximum velocity was 14±1.4 mm/s in the rostal direction, and 12.3±2.0 mm/s in the caudal direction. In cine mode, however, the former was 7.3±1.7 mm/s, and the latter was 8.0±2.4 mm/s. The single phase mode appeared to be a more accurate method than the cine mode for quantification. The cine mode was then performed in four patients with brain atrophy and in four patients with hydrocephalus. Differences in the maximum velocity and the to-and-fro motion pattern between those pathological states were assessed. The utility of this method for studying CSF circulation was demonstrated. (author)

1990-01-01

43

CSF dynamics in the patients with syringomyelia associated with Chiari's malformation; Quantitative analysis on cine MRI  

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In a series of 12 patients with syringomyelia associated with Chiari's malformation, the authors quantitatively analyzed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics in the subarachnoid space of the cranio-spinal junction, using cine MRI combined with pre-saturation method. In most of subjects, cine MRI revealed (1) decreased or increased maximum velocity of CSF in the caudal direction and (2) disturbed CSF motion in the caudal direction (delayed % cardiac cycle) in the craniospinal junction, strongly suggesting disturbed CSF dynamics in the craniospinal junction because of the tonsilar herniation. Of 12 subjects, 8 patients underwent formen magnum decompression and 4 underwent syringo-subarachnoid shunt (SS shunt). In the patients who showed marked callapse of syrinx after foramen magnum decompression, follow-up cine MRI revealed the normalization of % cardiac cycle, representing postoperative improvement of CSF dynamics in the craniospinal function. On the other hand, % cardiac cycle did not improve significantly in the patients who did not show marked collapse of the syrinx or suffered from meningitis after surgery. Significant changes were not observed in the patients who underwent SS shunt. In summary, these results suggested that cine MRI combined with pre-saturation method could detect the pathophysiological changes and evaluate the efficacy of the surgery, especially foramen magnum decompression, in the patients with syringomyelia associated with Chiari's malformation. (author).

Kuroda, Satoshi; Matsuzawa, Hitoshi; Iwasaki, Yoshinobu; Hida, Kazutoshi; Imamura, Hiroyuki; Abe, Hiroshi (Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). School of Medicine); Saito, Hisatoshi

1994-01-01

44

Brain venous pathologies: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To describe MRI findings of the different brain venous pathologies. Material and Methods: Between January 2002 and March 2004, 18 patients were studied 10 males and 8 females between 6 and 63 years old; with different brain venous pathologies. In all cases brain MRI were performed including morphological sequences with and without gadolinium injection and angiographic venous sequences. Results: 10 venous occlusions were found, 6 venous angiomas, and 2 presented varices secondary to arteriovenous dural fistula. Conclusion: Brain venous pathologies can appear in many different clinical contexts, with different prognosis and treatment. In all the cases brain MRI was the best imaging study to disclose typical morphologic abnormalities. (author)

2006-01-01

45

MRI findings of intraocular diseases  

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MRI findings of intra-ocular lesion were studied on seven cases : two cases of choroidal malignant melanoma, one case of choroidal tumor, two cases of retinal detachment with vitreous hemorrhage, and two cases of choroidal detachment. Intraocular lesions were clearly visualized by T{sub 1} weighted MRI which was of great benefit in visualizing morphological changes. T{sub 2} weighted images could not visualize morphological changes very well, but had some merits in differentiating the ocular pathology. MRI was a very useful examination for intra-ocular lesions. (author).

Takeda, Makoto; Nagai, Haruhiko; Ueno, Tetsuji; Igarashi, Yasuo (Sapporo Medical Coll. (Japan)); Narazaki, Yoshikazu; Takeda, Akira

1989-06-01

46

Krabbe disease: unusual MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present the MRI findings in a case of infantile-onset Krabbe disease. Enlargement of the intracranial optic nerves and cervical cord were detected in addition to more typical changes in the cerebral white matter and thalami. We also review the proton MR spectroscopic findings in Krabbe disease. (orig.)

2006-01-01

47

Adrenoleukodystrophy: CT and MRI findings  

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A case of adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) with CT and MRI findings is described. The CT scan showed low densities in the white matter of the parietal and occipital lobes. No calcifications were seen. Post-contrast CT showed an abnormal enhancement within the involved white matter. MRI showed changes of demyelination around the atria of the lateral ventricles bilaterally involving the posterior aspect of the cerebrum symmetrically. The posterior part of the posterior corpus callosum, splenium and pyramidal tracts also showed increased signal intensity. From a review of the literature, these findings are typical of the radiological changes seen in ALD. ALD can be diagnosed from typical history and biochemical changes as well as from CT and MRI findings. (orig.)

Patel, P.J. [Dept. of Radiology, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Kolawole, T.M. [Dept. of Radiology, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Malabarey, T.M. [Dept. of Radiology, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Al-Herbish, A.S. [Dept. of Paediatrics, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Al-Jurrayan, N.A.M. [Dept. of Paediatrics, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); Saleh, M. [Dept. of Paediatrics, King Saud Univ., King Khalid Univ. Hospital, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)

1995-06-01

48

MRI findings of Intracranial hemangioblastoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Complete resection of the tumor nodule (mural nodule or solid portion of the tumor) is the essential goal of surgical treatment for hemangioblastoma. The purpose of this study was to classify the morphologic types of intracranial hemangioblastoma on MRI and to compare the location and contour of tumor nodule on MRI with those on angiography. The MRI findings of 34 lesions (38 lesions if 4 spinal cord lesions were included) in 26 patients (17 males and 9 females, range of age, 18-67 years, mean, 39 years) with surgically and histopathologically proved intracranial hemangioblastomas were reviewed. Seventeen patients underwent CT scanning in a short interval. Contrast-enahnced T1-weighted imaging patterns of hemangioblastoma were classified according to Ho's morphologic types. The location and contour of tumor nodule were compared between MRI and angiography in 15 patients (24 lesions). By location, cerebellar hemisphere predominated (55%), followed by cerebellar vermis (26%), supratentorial region (5%), and medulla oblongata (3%). Spinal cord lesions (11%) were seen in 3 patients of 5 von Hippel-Lindau diseases. The frequency of morphologic types was as follows; Type 1 (purely cystic), 3%, Type 2 (mural nodule), 50%, Type 3 (cyst with wall enhancement), 3%, Type 4 (cystic nodule), 15%, Type 5 (solid with internal cyst), 9%, and Type 6 (solid), 20%. All tumor nodules (33 lesions) enhanced intensely with intravenous contrast material on MRI, of which 24 lesions (in 15 patients) revealed hypervascular masses fed by pial arteries on angiography. They were superficial and abutted pia mater partially or in large portion on both MRI and angiography. Over 70% of intracranial hemangioblastomas had a surrounding cyst, and superficial, pial-based location and number of the tumor nodules on MRI was correlated well with those on angiography. MRI is the examination of choice for preoperative evaluation of intracranial hemangioblastoma

1995-10-01

49

MRI findings of Intracranial hemangioblastoma  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Complete resection of the tumor nodule (mural nodule or solid portion of the tumor) is the essential goal of surgical treatment for hemangioblastoma. The purpose of this study was to classify the morphologic types of intracranial hemangioblastoma on MRI and to compare the location and contour of tumor nodule on MRI with those on angiography. The MRI findings of 34 lesions (38 lesions if 4 spinal cord lesions were included) in 26 patients (17 males and 9 females, range of age, 18-67 years, mean, 39 years) with surgically and histopathologically proved intracranial hemangioblastomas were reviewed. Seventeen patients underwent CT scanning in a short interval. Contrast-enahnced T1-weighted imaging patterns of hemangioblastoma were classified according to Ho's morphologic types. The location and contour of tumor nodule were compared between MRI and angiography in 15 patients (24 lesions). By location, cerebellar hemisphere predominated (55%), followed by cerebellar vermis (26%), supratentorial region (5%), and medulla oblongata (3%). Spinal cord lesions (11%) were seen in 3 patients of 5 von Hippel-Lindau diseases. The frequency of morphologic types was as follows; Type 1 (purely cystic), 3%, Type 2 (mural nodule), 50%, Type 3 (cyst with wall enhancement), 3%, Type 4 (cystic nodule), 15%, Type 5 (solid with internal cyst), 9%, and Type 6 (solid), 20%. All tumor nodules (33 lesions) enhanced intensely with intravenous contrast material on MRI, of which 24 lesions (in 15 patients) revealed hypervascular masses fed by pial arteries on angiography. They were superficial and abutted pia mater partially or in large portion on both MRI and angiography. Over 70% of intracranial hemangioblastomas had a surrounding cyst, and superficial, pial-based location and number of the tumor nodules on MRI was correlated well with those on angiography. MRI is the examination of choice for preoperative evaluation of intracranial hemangioblastoma.

Kim, Jong Deok; Cho, Mee Young [College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Baik, Seung Kug [Wallace Memorial Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Sun Sub [College of Medicine Dong-A University, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Chang Soo; Chung, Chun Phil [Maryknoll Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

1995-10-15

50

Evaluating the effect of rectal distension and rectal movement on prostate gland position using cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To evaluate the dynamic interrelationship between rectal distension and rectal movements, and to determine the effect of rectal movement on the position of the prostatic gland using cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods and Materials: Fifty-five patients with biopsy-proven or suspected prostate cancer were examined in the axial plane using repeated spoiled gradient-echo sequences every 10 seconds for 7 minutes. Twenty-four patients received bowel relaxants before imaging. Images were analyzed for the degree of rectal distension, for the incidence, magnitude, and number of rectal and prostate movements. Results: Rectal movements were seen in 28 (51%) patients overall, in 10 (42%) of those receiving bowel relaxants and in 18 (58%) not receiving bowel relaxants. The incidence of rectal movements correlated with the degree of rectal distension (p = 0.0005), but the magnitude of rectal movements did not correlate with the degree of rectal distension. Eighty-six rectal movements resulting in 33 anterior-posterior (AP) prostate movements were seen. The magnitude of rectal movements correlated well with degree of prostate movements (p < 0.001). Prostate movements in the AP direction were seen in 16 (29%) patients, and in 9 (16%) patients the movement was greater than 5 mm. The median prostate AP displacement was anterior by 4.2 (-5 to +14 mm). Conclusions: Cine MRI is able to demonstrate near real time rectal and associated prostate movements. Rectal movements are related to rectal distension and result in significant displacements of the prostate gland over a time period similar to that used for daily fractionated radiotherapy treatments. Delivery of radiotherapy needs to take into account these organ movements

1999-06-01

51

MRI findings in cranial eumycetoma  

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Cranial eumycetoma (CE) due to direct inoculation of Madurella grisea into the scalp is extremely rare. We describe a case of CE caused by direct inoculation of M. grisea with the characteristic MRI findings of the “dot-in-circle” sign and a conglomeration of multiple, extremely hypointense “dots.”

Ahmed, Munawwar; Sureka, Jyoti; Chacko, Geeta; Eapen, Anu

2011-01-01

52

MRI findings in cranial eumycetoma.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cranial eumycetoma (CE) due to direct inoculation of Madurella grisea into the scalp is extremely rare. We describe a case of CE caused by direct inoculation of M. grisea with the characteristic MRI findings of the "dot-in-circle" sign and a conglomeration of multiple, extremely hypointense "dots." PMID:22223935

Ahmed, Munawwar; Sureka, Jyoti; Chacko, Geeta; Eapen, Anu

2011-10-01

53

Retrospective reconstruction of high temporal resolution cine images from real-time MRI using iterative motion correction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cardiac function has traditionally been evaluated using breath-hold cine acquisitions. However, there is a great need for free breathing techniques in patients who have difficulty in holding their breath. Real-time cardiac MRI is a valuable alternative to the traditional breath-hold imaging approach, but the real-time images are often inferior in spatial and temporal resolution. This article presents a general method for reconstruction of high spatial and temporal resolution cine images from a real-time acquisition acquired over multiple cardiac cycles. The method combines parallel imaging and motion correction based on nonrigid registration and can be applied to arbitrary k-space trajectories. The method is demonstrated with real-time Cartesian imaging and Golden Angle radial acquisitions, and the motion-corrected acquisitions are compared with raw real-time images and breath-hold cine acquisitions in 10 (N = 10) subjects. Acceptable image quality was obtained in all motion-corrected reconstructions, and the resulting mean image quality score was (a) Cartesian real-time: 2.48, (b) Golden Angle real-time: 1.90 (1.00-2.50), (c) Cartesian motion correction: 3.92, (d) Radial motion correction: 4.58, and (e) Breath-hold cine: 5.00. The proposed method provides a flexible way to obtain high-quality, high-resolution cine images in patients with difficulty holding their breath. PMID:22190255

Hansen, Michael S; Sørensen, Thomas S; Arai, Andrew E; Kellman, Peter

2012-09-01

54

Retrospective Reconstruction of High Temporal Resolution Cine Images from Real-Time MRI using Iterative Motion Correction  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Cardiac function has traditionally been evaluated using breath-hold cine acquisitions. However, there is a great need for free breathing techniques in patients who have difficulty in holding their breath. Real-time cardiac MRI is a valuable alternative to the traditional breath-hold imaging approach, but the real-time images are often inferior in spatial and temporal resolution. This article presents a general method for reconstruction of high spatial and temporal resolution cine images from a real-time acquisition acquired over multiple cardiac cycles. The method combines parallel imaging and motion correction based on nonrigid registration and can be applied to arbitrary k-space trajectories. The method is demonstrated with real-time Cartesian imaging and Golden Angle radial acquisitions, and the motion-corrected acquisitions are compared with raw real-time images and breath-hold cine acquisitions in 10 (N = 10) subjects. Acceptable image quality was obtained in all motion-corrected reconstructions, and theresulting mean image quality score was (a) Cartesian real-time: 2.48, (b) Golden Angle real-time: 1.90 (1.00â??2.50), (c) Cartesian motion correction: 3.92, (d) Radial motion correction: 4.58, and (e) Breath-hold cine: 5.00. The proposed method provides a flexible way to obtain high-quality, high-resolution cine images in patients with difficulty holding their breath

Hansen, Michael Schacht; Sørensen, Thomas Sangild

2012-01-01

55

Rhombencephalosynapsis: CT and MRI findings  

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Full Text Available An unusual disorder of cerebellar development, rhombencephalosynapsis is a unique entity which presents with cerebellar fusion and absence of cerebellar vermis on imaging studies, often associated with supratentorial findings. No specific clinical syndrome has been described in these patients so far, and most cases are found in infancy and childhood. MRI and its multiplanar capabilities and high spatial and contrast resolution increased its recognition. Two cases are reported, with emphasis on imaging findings.

Mendonça J

2004-01-01

56

Cine MRI in functional and morphological examination of the heart after myocardial infarction. Comparison to angiocardiography, two-dimensional echocardiography, radionuclide ventriculography and enzymatical estimation of infarct size  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

61 patients (17 women, 44 men, 36-83 years, 32 with anterior, 29 with posterior wall infarction) received Cine-MRI in the true long and short axis of the heart and two-dimensional echocardiography one and 4 weeks post infarction. Two-level angiocardiography (ACG) and radionuclide ventriculography (RNV) were performed 4 weeks p.i. The size of myocardial infarction was determined enzymatically with the CK integral method. Left ventricular volume indices (EDVI, ESVI, SVI), ejection fraction (EF) and infarction weight (IW) were compared. Excellent correlations existed between Cine-MRI in the long and short axis for the volume indices and EF. Between Cine-MRI in the short axis and ACG all correlations were excellent aswell. They were significantly less satisfactory between Cine-MRI and 2DE due to the inhomogeneity of echo quality. Cine-MRI and RNV produced similar EF results (r=0.884), and a comparison of IW in Cine-MRI and CK integral method also showed a good correspondence (r=0.967). (orig./MG)

1995-07-01

57

Internal margin assessment using cine MRI analysis of deglutition in head and neck cancer radiotherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a promising treatment modality for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). The dose distributions from IMRT are static and, thus, are unable to account for variations and/or uncertainties in the relationship between the patient (region being treated) and the beam. Organ motion comprises one such source of this uncertainty, introduced by physiological variation in the position, size, and shape of organs during treatment. In the head and neck, the predominant source of this variation arises from deglutition (swallowing). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether cinematographic MRI (cine MRI) could be used to determine asymmetric (nonuniform) internal margin (IM) components of tumor planning target volumes based on the actual deglutition-induced tumor displacement. Methods: Five head and neck cancer patients were set up in treatment position on a 3 T MRI scanner. Two time series of single-slice, sagittal, cine images were acquired using a 2D FLASH sequence. The first time series was a 12.8 min scan designed to capture the frequency and duration of deglutition in the treatment position. The second time series was a short, 15 s scan designed to capture the displacement of deglutition in the treatment position. Deglutition frequency and mean swallow duration were estimated from the long time series acquisition. Swallowing and resting (nonswallowing) events were identified on the short time series acquisition and displacement was estimated based on contours of gross tumor volume (GTV) generated at each time point of a particular event. A simple linear relationship was derived to estimate 1D asymmetric IMs in the presence of resting- and deglutition-induced displacement. Results: Deglutition was nonperiodic, with frequency and duration ranging from 2.89-24.18 mHz and from 3.86 to 6.10 s, respectively. The deglutition frequency and mean duration were found to vary among patients. Deglutition-induced maximal GTV displacements ranged from 0.00 to 28.36 mm with mean and standard deviation of 4.72±3.18, 3.70±2.81, 2.75±5.24, and 10.40±10.76 mm in the A, P, I, and S directions, respectively. Resting-induced maximal GTV displacement ranged from 0.00 to 5.59 mm with mean and standard deviation of 3.01±1.80, 1.25±1.10, 3.23+2.20, and 2.47±1.11 mm in the A, P, I, and S directions, respectively. For both resting and swallowing states, displacement along the S-I direction dominated displacement along the A-P direction. The calculated IMs were dependent on deglutition frequency, ranging from 3.28-4.37 mm for the lowest deglutition frequency patient to 3.76-6.43 mm for the highest deglutition frequency patient. A statistically significant difference was detected between IMs calculated for P and S directions (p=0.0018). Conclusions: Cine MRI is able to capture tumor motion during deglutition. Swallowing events can be demarcated by MR signal intensity changes caused by anatomy containing fully relaxed spins that move medially into the imaging plane during deglutition. Deglutition is nonperiodic and results in dynamic changes in the tumor position. Deglutition-induced displacements are larger and more variable than resting displacements. The nonzero mean maximum resting displacement indicates that some tumor motion occurs even when the patient is not swallowing. Asymmetric IMs, derived from deglutition frequency, duration, and directional displacement, should be employed to account for tumor motion in HNC RT.

2011-04-01

58

Joint multi-object registration and segmentation of left and right cardiac ventricles in 4D cine MRI  

Science.gov (United States)

The diagnosis of cardiac function based on cine MRI requires the segmentation of cardiac structures in the images, but the problem of automatic cardiac segmentation is still open, due to the imaging characteristics of cardiac MR images and the anatomical variability of the heart. In this paper, we present a variational framework for joint segmentation and registration of multiple structures of the heart. To enable the simultaneous segmentation and registration of multiple objects, a shape prior term is introduced into a region competition approach for multi-object level set segmentation. The proposed algorithm is applied for simultaneous segmentation of the myocardium as well as the left and right ventricular blood pool in short axis cine MRI images. Two experiments are performed: first, intra-patient 4D segmentation with a given initial segmentation for one time-point in a 4D sequence, and second, a multi-atlas segmentation strategy is applied to unseen patient data. Evaluation of segmentation accuracy is done by overlap coefficients and surface distances. An evaluation based on clinical 4D cine MRI images of 25 patients shows the benefit of the combined approach compared to sole registration and sole segmentation.

Ehrhardt, Jan; Kepp, Timo; Schmidt-Richberg, Alexander; Handels, Heinz

2014-03-01

59

Phase-contrast cine MRI versus MR cisternography on the evaluation of the communication between intraventricular arachnoid cysts and neighbouring cerebrospinal fluid spaces  

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) in detecting possible communications between intraventricular arachnoid cysts (IV-ACs) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces based on MR cisternography (MRC) comparison. Twenty-one patients with IV-AC were examined by PC-MRI and MRC. In order to determine the communication of IVAC with its neighbouring CSF spaces, PC-MRI was employed. The communication of IV-ACs with the ventricular system was examined on at least two anatomic planes. Precontrast images and PC-MRI were followed by the intrathecal administration of 0.5-1 ml gadopentetate dimeglumine. Early and delayed MRC were then carried out. Results of PC-MRI were compared with findings of MRC (McNemar's test). In seven IV-ACs, no communication was detected by PC-MRI. In 14 IVACs, a pulsatile CSF flow into the IV-ACs was observed. All the IV-ACs, which have been determined as non-communicating (NC) on the PC-MRI, showed NC character on MRC as well. Six cases suggesting a communication on PC-MRI showed no communication on MRC. MRC revealed eight communicating (38%) and 13 NC (62%) IV-ACs among a total of 21 cases. The sensitivity and specificity of PC-MRI imaging in demonstrating the communication between the IV-ACs and the CSF were 100% and 54%, respectively. PC-MRI is an effective method for evaluating NC IV-ACs. In order to decide about the management of IV-ACs, which are communicating according to the PC-MRI, the results should be confirmed with MRC if suspected jet flow is depicted. (orig.)

Algin, Oktay; Hakyemez, Bahattin; Gokalp, Gokhan; Parlak, Mufit [Uludag University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Bursa (Turkey); Korfali, Ender [Uludag University School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Bursa (Turkey)

2009-05-15

60

Phase-contrast cine MRI versus MR cisternography on the evaluation of the communication between intraventricular arachnoid cysts and neighbouring cerebrospinal fluid spaces  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) in detecting possible communications between intraventricular arachnoid cysts (IV-ACs) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces based on MR cisternography (MRC) comparison. Twenty-one patients with IV-AC were examined by PC-MRI and MRC. In order to determine the communication of IVAC with its neighbouring CSF spaces, PC-MRI was employed. The communication of IV-ACs with the ventricular system was examined on at least two anatomic planes. Precontrast images and PC-MRI were followed by the intrathecal administration of 0.5-1 ml gadopentetate dimeglumine. Early and delayed MRC were then carried out. Results of PC-MRI were compared with findings of MRC (McNemar's test). In seven IV-ACs, no communication was detected by PC-MRI. In 14 IVACs, a pulsatile CSF flow into the IV-ACs was observed. All the IV-ACs, which have been determined as non-communicating (NC) on the PC-MRI, showed NC character on MRC as well. Six cases suggesting a communication on PC-MRI showed no communication on MRC. MRC revealed eight communicating (38%) and 13 NC (62%) IV-ACs among a total of 21 cases. The sensitivity and specificity of PC-MRI imaging in demonstrating the communication between the IV-ACs and the CSF were 100% and 54%, respectively. PC-MRI is an effective method for evaluating NC IV-ACs. In order to decide about the management of IV-ACs, which are communicating according to the PC-MRI, the results should be confirmed with MRC if suspected jet flow is depicted. (orig.)

2009-05-01

 
 
 
 
61

Frequency analysis of CSF flow on cine-MRI in normal pressure hydrocephalus  

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To clarify the flow dynamics of intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), frequency analyses of CSF flow measured with an ECG-gated phase contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed. The amplitude and phase in the CSF flow spectra in the aqueduct were determined in patients with NPH after a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH-NPH group, n=26), an idiopathic NPH (I-NPH group, n=4), an asymptomatic ventricular dilation or a brain atrophy (VD group, n=21), and in healthy volunteers (control group, n=25). The changes of CSF flow spectra were also analyzed 5 and 15 minutes after an intravenous injection of acetazolamide. Moreover, a phase transfer function (PTF) calculated from the spectra of the driving vascular pulsation and CSF flow in the aqueduct were assessed in patients with SAH-NPH and control groups before and after acetazolamide injection. There values were compared with the pressure volume response (PVR). The amplitude of the 1st-3rd harmonics in the SAH-NPH or I-NPH group was significantly larger than in the control or VD group because of a decrease in compliance (increase in PVR). The phase of the 1st harmonic in the SAH-NPH group was significantly different from that in the control or VD group, but no difference was found between the control and VD groups. The amplitude of the 0-3rd harmonics increased, and the phase of the 1st harmonic changed in all groups after an acetazolamide injection. An evaluation of the time course of the direct current of CSF flow provided further information about the compensatory faculty of the cerebrospinal cavity. A PTF of the 1st harmonic in the SAH-NPH group was significantly larger than in the control group, and a positive correlation was noted between PTF of the 1st harmonic and PVR. In conclusion, frequency analyses of CSF flow measured by cine-MRI make it possible to obtain noninvasively a more detailed picture of the pathophysiology of NPH and of changes in intracranial conditions. (author)

Miyati, Tosiaki; Kasuga, Toshio; Imai, Hiroshi [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Fujita, Hiroshi; Mase, Mitsuhito; Itikawa, Katuhiro

2001-09-01

62

MRI in insulinomas; Preliminary findings  

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After establishing the diagnosis of an insulinoma, most surgeons prefer preoperative localization. Selective arteriography is usually considered the gold standard for this purpose. Recently, computed tomography (CT) and preoperative US have contended the role to angiography. MRI has been used in few cases of endocrine pancreatic tumors, and its role in this particular field has to be defined. Between November 1988-September 1990 7 adult patients who had undergone surgery were evaluated. Eight tumors were resected in 6 patients who were cured; in an 18-year-old woman surgical treatment was unsuccessful. Arterio-graphy, CT, preoperative US, MRI and intraoperative US detected 2, 6, 6, 5 and 6 tumors respectively. Two insulinomas (0.2 and 0.7 cm) were found at histologic examination in resected specimen. The ability of intra-operative US and careful surgical exploration to resolve more than 90 percent of cases makes the preoperative use of arteriography and CT questionable value. If further experience confirms these findings, US and MRI may suffice. (author). 13 refs.; 3 figs.; 1 tab.

Liessi, Guido (Ospedale Civile, Castelfranco Veneto (Italy). Servizio di Radiologia); Pasquali, Claudio; Alfano D' Andrea, Alfonso; Pedrazzoli, Sergio (Padova Universita, I Cattedra di: Patologia Speciale Chirurgica (Italy). Istituto di Clinica Chirurgica); Scandellari, Cesare (Padova Universita, Cattedra di Medicina Interna V (Italy). Istituto di Semeiotica Medica)

63

Assessment of left atrial volume by Gd-DTPA-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI. Hemodynamic assessment in various diseases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess the validity of contrast-enhanced breath-hold ultrafast cine MR imaging in left atrial (LA) volumes (LA max.I: maximal volume index of LA/LA min.I: minimal volume index of LA) and LA-volume curve, this method was compared with intravenous digital subtraction left atrial angiography (DSA) in serial 26 patients. The pulse sequence of ultrafast cine MRI were TR 8 ms, TE 3.2 ms, matrix 128 x 96 and NEX 1. The contrast-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI was shown to provide accurate left atrial images with higher success rate (88.9% in horizontal long axis view and 86.9% in vertical long axis view) in serial 891 cases. Comparison with LA volumes showed a high correlation (LA max.I: r=0.934, p2 in maximum and 17±5 ml/m2 in minimum. In patients with hypertension, old myocardial infarction, mitral valve diseases, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, LA-volumes were significantly increased. The LA-volumes at the beginning of left atrial active contraction were significantly correlated with LA-volume of active contraction. However, in patients with DCM, these statistical correlation were not demonstrated. In patients with DCM, preload of LA were increased, but LA-volumes of active contraction were not increased. For this reason, the afterload mismatch of LA was suspected in DCM. In conclusion, the contrast-enhanced ultrafast cine MRI is useful for determining LA volumes and LA volume curves. (author)

1995-10-01

64

MRI findings of vermian medulloblastoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To find characteristic MRI features of vermian medulloblastoma. Materials and methods; MRI studies and medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 12 patients with surgically proven midline medulloblastoma. The assessment concerned appearance of the mass in relation to surrounding structures: MR signal intensity; the enhancement pattern; the mass's location and size: presence of a cystic/necrotic area, calcification, or vascular void: extension through the foramen Luschka: degree of hydrocephalus: and presence of tonsillar herniation. The midline medulloblastoma commonly showed roundish moon-surface appearance, especially on the axial T2-weighted images. All tumors showed heterogeneous signal intensities mainly due to intratumoral cystic/necrotic or hemorrhagic changes. The tumors were commonly located at mid-and/or inferior vermis. Occasionally the tumors extended through the foramen Luschka, and caused obstructive hydrocephalus of moderate to severe degree. Post-contrast study showed heterogeneous, dense contrast enhancement in the majority of patients. The MR finding of the moon-surface appearance formed by both the mass and the intratumoral cystic/necrotic change as seen on axial T2-weighted images could be helpful in the diagnosis of vermian medulloblastoma

1996-01-01

65

Pineal cysts: an incidental MRI finding?  

Science.gov (United States)

The incidence of pineal cysts (PC) in "standard" MRI was reviewed. Seven cases of PC were found from 400 consecutive MRI examinations. PC did not produce clinically relevant symptoms in any of the patients. Our data, as well as those emerging from a critical review of the literature, suggest that PC are often asymptomatic and represent an incidental MRI finding. Images

Di Costanzo, A; Tedeschi, G; Di Salle, F; Golia, F; Morrone, R; Bonavita, V

1993-01-01

66

Evaluation of early systolic flow pattern in left ventricle by tagging cine MRI in normal volunteers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The tagging method is a new technique, which permits to apply discretionary lines (tags) on MR images. To evaluate intra left ventricular (LV) flow pattern, we performed ECG-gated gradient field echo cine MRI using tagging method in five normal male volunteers, aged 22-42 years. The horizontal long axis view of LV was imaged by multiphasic field echo pulse sequence. The three parallel tags (basal, middle and apical portion) were established on the horizontal long axis view of LV just after the triggered QRS waves. And the initial two images (70 ms and 120 ms after the triggered QRS waves) were analyzed. On the two tags (middle and apical portion) of these three tags, we measured the distance of displacement of the tags on three points (the near site of IVS, middle portion and the near site of free wall) respectively. At 70 ms after the trigger point, the only tagged blood at the near site of free wall flowed toward the apex. At 120 ms after the trigger point, all the tagged blood flowed toward the outflow tract of LV. And the maximum blood flow velocity was observed at the near site of IVS on middle portion of LV (166.0 mm/s). These results coincided with earlier studies by Doppler echocardiography. But we could not observe intra LV blood flow patterns throughout one cardiac cycle in this pulse sequence, because the tags had flowed out from LV and had become unclear due to spin relaxation and mixing. We concluded that the tagging method was useful to evaluate intra left ventricular blood flow patterns in early systolic phase. (author)

1992-01-01

67

Congenital dacryocystocele: prenatal MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Congenital dacryocystocele can be diagnosed prenatally by imaging. Prenatal MRI is increasingly utilized for fetal diagnosis. To present the radiological and clinical features of seven fetuses with congenital dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI. The institutional database of 1,028 consecutive prenatal MR examinations performed during a period of 4 years was reviewed retrospectively. The cases of congenital dacryocystocele were identified by reading the report of each MRI study. The incidence of dacryocystocele diagnosed with prenatal MRI was 0.7% (n=7/1,028). The dacryocystocele was bilateral in three fetuses. Mean gestational age at the time of diagnosis was 31 weeks. The indication for prenatal MRI was the presence or the suspicion of central nervous system abnormality in six fetuses and diaphragmatic hernia in one. Dacryocystocele was associated with an intranasal cyst in six of ten eyes. Prenatal sonography revealed dacryocystocele in only two of seven fetuses. Of eight eyes with postnatal follow-up, four did not have any lacrimal symptoms. Prenatal MRI can delineate congenital dacryocystocele more clearly and in a more detailed fashion than ultrasonography. Presence of dacryocystocele was symptomatic in only 50% of our patients, supporting that prenatal diagnosis of dacryocystocele might follow a benign course. (orig.)

Yazici, Zeynep [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Uludag University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Bursa (Turkey); Kline-Fath, Beth M.; Rubio, Eva I.; Calvo-Garcia, Maria A.; Linam, Leann E. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Yazici, Bulent [Uludag University, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Bursa (Turkey)

2010-12-15

68

Respiratory lumenal change of the pharynx and trachea in normal subjects and COPD patients: assessment by cine-MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to use cine-MRI during continuous respiration to measure the respiratory lumenal diameter change in the pharynx and at an upper tracheal level. Fifteen non-smokers and 23 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with smoking history (median 50 pack-years) were included. Cine-MRI with seven frames/s was performed during continuous respiration. Minimal and maximal cross-sectional lumenal diameters within the pharynx and the upper tracheal lumen area were measured. The median diameter change in the pharynx (tracheal area) was 70% (1.4 cm2) in volunteers and 76% (1.7 cm2) in smokers (P=0.98, P=0.04). Tracheal lumenal collapse was a median of 43% in volunteers and 64% in smokers (P=0.011). No clear disease-related difference of the pharynx-lumen was found. The maximal cross-sectional area of the upper trachea lumen as well as the respiratory collapse was larger in COPD patients than in normal subjects. This information is important for the modelling of ventilation and prediction of drug deposition, which are influenced by the airway diameter. (orig.)

2004-12-01

69

MRI findings in 100 epileptic children  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain were retrospectively reviewed in 100 consecutive pediatric patients with epilepsy in relation to the type of epilepsy and prognosis. There were 65 boys and 35 girls, ranging in age from 3 months to 25 years. Among 100 patients, 67 (a total of 102 lesions) showed abnormal findings on MRI. Morphological abnormalities, including ventricular enlargement, atrophy and malformation, were seen in 54 patients. Periventricular (n=14), frontal (n=3), temporal (n=8) and occipital (n=7) areas were of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. According to the type of epilepsy, MRI abnormality was seen in 34 (61%) of 56 patients with partial seizures and 33 (76%) of 44 patients with generalized seizures. When associated with cerebral palsy and mental retardation, the incidence of MRI abnormality was high. There was no sigificant correlation between MRI findings and prognosis. (N.K.)

1993-02-01

70

MRI findings in 100 epileptic children  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain were retrospectively reviewed in 100 consecutive pediatric patients with epilepsy in relation to the type of epilepsy and prognosis. There were 65 boys and 35 girls, ranging in age from 3 months to 25 years. Among 100 patients, 67 (a total of 102 lesions) showed abnormal findings on MRI. Morphological abnormalities, including ventricular enlargement, atrophy and malformation, were seen in 54 patients. Periventricular (n=14), frontal (n=3), temporal (n=8) and occipital (n=7) areas were of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. According to the type of epilepsy, MRI abnormality was seen in 34 (61%) of 56 patients with partial seizures and 33 (76%) of 44 patients with generalized seizures. When associated with cerebral palsy and mental retardation, the incidence of MRI abnormality was high. There was no sigificant correlation between MRI findings and prognosis. (N.K.).

Suzukawa, Junko; Sugimoto, Tateo; Araki, Atsushi (Kansai Medical School, Moriguchi, Osaka (Japan)) (and others)

1993-02-01

71

Anencephaly: MRI findings and pathogenetic theories  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We describe the MRI appearances of an anencephalic newborn who survived for 13 h; particularities of this case are male gender and the absence of other associated malformations. Moreover, we discuss the pathogenetic theories of anencephaly, correlating MRI findings with embryological data. An exencephaly-anencephaly sequence due to amnion rupture is hypothesized. (orig.)

Calzolari, Ferdinando [Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria, Department of Neuroradiology, Ferrara (Italy); Gambi, Beatrice [Ospedale S. Donato, Neonatal Unit, Arezzo (Italy); Garani, Giampaolo; Tamisari, Lalla [Universita degli Studi, Neonatal Unit, Ferrara (Italy)

2004-12-01

72

Neurosarcoidosis with unusual MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This 53-year-old white male presented with a 4-month-history of weakness and pain. Despite an initial partial response to steroid therapy, his neurologic deterioration progressed culminating in paraparesis, paresthesias, urinary incontinence, altered mentation and a 20 Ib weight loss. A gadolinium-enhanced MRI study showed a pattern suggestive of perivascular involvement. A subsequent cerebral biopsy was diagnostic for neurosarcoidosis. (orig.)

Handler, M.S. (Dept. of Pathology and Oncology, Kansas Univ. Medical Center, KS (United States)); Johnson, L.M. (Dept. of Neurology, Kansas Univ. Medical Center, KS (United States)); Dick, A.R. (Dept. of Neurology, Kansas Univ. Medical Center, KS (United States)); Batnitzky, S. (Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Kansas Univ. Medical Center, KS (United States))

1993-02-01

73

MRI findings of Rathke cleft cyst  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic MRI findings of the Rathke cleft cyst. During a seven-year period, we retrospectively evaluated the MRI findings of 24 pathologically-proven Rathke cleft cysts. The patients included ten men and 14 women, and their mean age was 37. MRI findings were analyzed in terms of location, shape, size, signal intensity, homogeneity of cyst content, pattern of contrast enhancement, displacement of the pituitary stalk, and mass effect of the cyst on adjacent structures. MRI findings of midline intrasellar cyst with a staging water bag appearance, high signal intensity on T1- and T2WI, inhomogeneity of cyst content, and peripheral rim enhancement surrounding the cyst are common, and are characteristic of the Rathke cleft cyst. (author). 23 refs., 5 figs

1997-12-01

74

MRI findings of Rathke cleft cyst  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic MRI findings of the Rathke cleft cyst. During a seven-year period, we retrospectively evaluated the MRI findings of 24 pathologically-proven Rathke cleft cysts. The patients included ten men and 14 women, and their mean age was 37. MRI findings were analyzed in terms of location, shape, size, signal intensity, homogeneity of cyst content, pattern of contrast enhancement, displacement of the pituitary stalk, and mass effect of the cyst on adjacent structures. MRI findings of midline intrasellar cyst with a staging water bag appearance, high signal intensity on T1- and T2WI, inhomogeneity of cyst content, and peripheral rim enhancement surrounding the cyst are common, and are characteristic of the Rathke cleft cyst. (author). 23 refs., 5 figs.

Han, Dong Bok; Lee, Ho Kyu; Kim, Chang Jin; Lee, Myung Jun; Weon, Young Cheol; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-12-01

75

A case of brain SLE: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by multisystem involvement including central nervous system and various neurologic symptoms. The authors experienced a case of brain SLE and report MRI and other neuroimaging findings

1992-01-01

76

MRI findings in acute Hendra virus meningoencephalitis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To describe serial changes in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute human infection from two outbreaks of Hendra virus (HeV), relate these changes to disease prognosis, and compare HeV encephalitis to reported cases of Nipah virus encephalitis. Materials and methods: The MRI images of three human cases (two of which were fatal) of acute HeV meningoencephalitis were reviewed. Results: Cortical selectivity early in the disease is evident in all three patients, while deep white matter involvement appears to be a late and possibly premorbid finding. This apparent early grey matter selectivity may be related to viral biology or ribavirin pharmacokinetics. Neuronal loss is evident at MRI, and the rate of progression of MRI abnormalities can predict the outcome of the infection. In both fatal cases, the serial changes in the MRI picture mirrored the clinical course. Conclusion: This is the first comprehensive report of serial MRI findings in acute human cerebral HeV infection from two outbreaks. The cortical selectivity appears to be an early finding while deep white matter involvement a late, and possibly premorbid, finding. In both fatal cases, the serial changes in MRI mirrored the clinical course.

Nakka, P.; Amos, G.J. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Qld 4102 (Australia); Saad, N., E-mail: nivena100@hotmail.com [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Qld 4102 (Australia); Jeavons, S. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Qld 4102 (Australia)

2012-05-15

77

MRI findings in acute Hendra virus meningoencephalitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To describe serial changes in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute human infection from two outbreaks of Hendra virus (HeV), relate these changes to disease prognosis, and compare HeV encephalitis to reported cases of Nipah virus encephalitis. Materials and methods: The MRI images of three human cases (two of which were fatal) of acute HeV meningoencephalitis were reviewed. Results: Cortical selectivity early in the disease is evident in all three patients, while deep white matter involvement appears to be a late and possibly premorbid finding. This apparent early grey matter selectivity may be related to viral biology or ribavirin pharmacokinetics. Neuronal loss is evident at MRI, and the rate of progression of MRI abnormalities can predict the outcome of the infection. In both fatal cases, the serial changes in the MRI picture mirrored the clinical course. Conclusion: This is the first comprehensive report of serial MRI findings in acute human cerebral HeV infection from two outbreaks. The cortical selectivity appears to be an early finding while deep white matter involvement a late, and possibly premorbid, finding. In both fatal cases, the serial changes in MRI mirrored the clinical course.

2012-05-01

78

Assessment of ventricular coupling with real-time cine MRI and its value to differentiate constrictive pericarditis from restrictive cardiomyopathy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of respiratory-related ventricular coupling to differentiate patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM). In 18 histologically proven cases of CP, 6 patients with inflammatory pericarditis (IP), 15 RCM patients and 17 normal subjects, real-time cine MRI was performed in the cardiac short-axis (basal half of the ventricles) during operator-guided deep respiration. The images were analyzed for ventricular septal position and shape during early ventricular filling. Early diastolic septal inversion (I) or flattening (F) was found in all CP (I:15,F:3), and in all IP (I:2,F:4), but seldom in normals (F:1) and not in RCM. The septal abnormalities occurred at the onset of inspiration and rapidly disappeared with the next heartbeats. The amount of ventricular coupling was evaluated by quantifying the difference in the maximal septal excursion between inspiration and expiration. This parameter, normalized to the biventricular diameter, was significantly larger in CP (20.0{+-}4.5%, P<0.0001) and IP (14.8{+-}3.2%, P<0.0001) patients than in normals (7.0{+-}2.4%), whereas RCM patients had a trend toward decreased excursion (4.2{+-}1.7%, P=0.11). A cut-off value of 11.8% (mean normals +2 SD) enabled to differentiate CP patients from normals and RCM patients completely. Real-time cine MRI can easily depict increased ventricular coupling, which may be helpful to better differentiate between CP and RCM patients, especially in patients with normal or minimally thickened pericardium. The increase in coupling in IP patients is likely caused by decreased compliance of the inflamed pericardial layers. (orig.)

Francone, Marco; Dymarkowski, Steven; Kalantzi, Maria; Rademakers, Frank E.; Bogaert, Jan [Gasthuisberg University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Cardiology, Leuven (Germany)

2006-04-15

79

Assessment of ventricular coupling with real-time cine MRI and its value to differentiate constrictive pericarditis from restrictive cardiomyopathy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of respiratory-related ventricular coupling to differentiate patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM). In 18 histologically proven cases of CP, 6 patients with inflammatory pericarditis (IP), 15 RCM patients and 17 normal subjects, real-time cine MRI was performed in the cardiac short-axis (basal half of the ventricles) during operator-guided deep respiration. The images were analyzed for ventricular septal position and shape during early ventricular filling. Early diastolic septal inversion (I) or flattening (F) was found in all CP (I:15,F:3), and in all IP (I:2,F:4), but seldom in normals (F:1) and not in RCM. The septal abnormalities occurred at the onset of inspiration and rapidly disappeared with the next heartbeats. The amount of ventricular coupling was evaluated by quantifying the difference in the maximal septal excursion between inspiration and expiration. This parameter, normalized to the biventricular diameter, was significantly larger in CP (20.0±4.5%, P<0.0001) and IP (14.8±3.2%, P<0.0001) patients than in normals (7.0±2.4%), whereas RCM patients had a trend toward decreased excursion (4.2±1.7%, P=0.11). A cut-off value of 11.8% (mean normals +2 SD) enabled to differentiate CP patients from normals and RCM patients completely. Real-time cine MRI can easily depict increased ventricular coupling, which may be helpful to better differentiate between CP and RCM patients, especially in patients with normal or minimally thickened pericardium. The increase in coupling in IP patients is likely caused by decreased compliance of the inflamed pericardial layers. (orig.)

2006-04-01

80

MRI findings in the painful hemiplegic shoulder  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in painful hemiplegic shoulder (PHS) in hemiplegic post-stroke patients. Materials and methods: Patients with hemiplegia following their first cerebrovascular accident who were admitted to the Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation were studied. Forty-five patients with pain in the hemiplegic shoulder and 23 post-stroke patients without shoulder pain were investigated. MRI and radiographic findings of the hemiplegic and contralateral asymptomatic shoulders were evaluated. Results: Some MRI findings were more frequent in PHS group, including synovial capsule thickening, synovial capsule enhancement, and enhancement in the rotator cuff interval. Conclusions: Adhesive capsulitis was found to be a possible cause of PHS.

Tavora, D.G.F., E-mail: danielgurgel@sarah.b [Department of Radiology, Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation, Fortaleza (Brazil); Gama, R.L.; Bomfim, R.C. [Department of Radiology, Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation, Fortaleza (Brazil); Nakayama, M. [Department of Radiology, Federal University of Grande Dourados, Dourados (Brazil); Silva, C.E.P. [Department of Statistics, Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation, Fortaleza (Brazil)

2010-10-15

 
 
 
 
81

MRI findings in the painful hemiplegic shoulder  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in painful hemiplegic shoulder (PHS) in hemiplegic post-stroke patients. Materials and methods: Patients with hemiplegia following their first cerebrovascular accident who were admitted to the Sarah Network of Hospitals for Rehabilitation were studied. Forty-five patients with pain in the hemiplegic shoulder and 23 post-stroke patients without shoulder pain were investigated. MRI and radiographic findings of the hemiplegic and contralateral asymptomatic shoulders were evaluated. Results: Some MRI findings were more frequent in PHS group, including synovial capsule thickening, synovial capsule enhancement, and enhancement in the rotator cuff interval. Conclusions: Adhesive capsulitis was found to be a possible cause of PHS.

2010-10-01

82

MRI findings in intramuscular lipomas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective. To investigate the spectrum of magnetic resonance (MR) findings of intramuscular lipoma. Design and patients. A retrospective review of 17 consecutive cases of intramuscular lipoma examined with MR imaging was undertaken. Features assessed included the size and margin of the mass; the homogeneity of the contents, including the presence or absence of intermingled muscle fibers; whether the mass was uninodular or multinodular; and the presence of linear structures between and within the tumor nodules. Three well-differentiated liposarcomas and one dedifferentiated liposarcoma associated with lipoma-like components were also studied to allow a comparison of the benign and malignant lesions. Results. The diameter of the intramuscular lipomas varied from less than 3 cm to more than 10 cm. Ten of the intramuscular lipomas were homogeneous but the remaining seven were inhomogeneous with intermingled muscle fibers within the mass. The intramuscular lipomas were well defined in 12 cases, and infiltrative in five. In one case the margin of the lesion showed prominent infiltration of the surrounding muscle tissue. Of the 17 cases of intramuscular lipoma, 15 were composed of a single nodule, whereas three of four cases of liposarcoma were composed of multinodular masses. Conclusion. The MR findings of intramuscular lipoma varied from a small, single and homogeneous mass identical to ordinary (superficial) lipoma, to a large, inhomogeneous lesion with an infiltrative margin. The presence of infiltrative margins and intermingled muscle fibers in intramuscular lipoma indicates a benign lesion rather than malignancy. In addition, uninodularity of the mass is helpful in differentiating intramuscular lipoma from well-differentiated liposarcoma. (orig.) With 8 figs., 2 tabs., 17 refs.

Matsumoto, K.; Hukuda, Sinsuke; Ishizawa, Michihito; Chano, Tokuhiro [Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu (Japan); Okabe, Hidetoshi [Division of Surgical Pathology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu (Japan)

1999-03-01

83

Bile cystadenocarcinoma: MRI findings with pathologic correlation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To describe the MRI features and pathologic findings of biliary cystadenocarcinoma (BCAC) and to assess the diagnostic value of MRI in those tumors. Methods: Five cases of BCAC were collected. All cases were proved by pathology. Non-enhanced and multiphase-enhanced MRI were performed in all cases. MRCP were performed in two cases. The MRI features of the five cases were reviewed retrospectively and correlated with pathologic findings. Results: Histological evidence demonstrated five cases of BCAC. Four cases were solitary, whereas the other case was multif0cal. All cases were solid and cystic lesions. Two cases were unilocular, whereas the other three cases were multilocular. Multiple mural nodules and irregular thickening cystic walls were presented in all cases. The cystic parts of the lesions were homogeneous in signal intensity and showed no enhancement after contrast administration in the five BCAC. Septa were present in three BCAC with multilocular cyst. On MRCP the bile duct dilatation was found in two BCAC. Conclusion: MRI can reveal the characteristic findings of BCAC and accurate preoperative diagnosis can be made. (authors)

2007-04-01

84

Clinical usefulness of cine MRI for evaluation of left ventricular volume and diagnosis of heart and great vessel diseases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

ECG-gated cine mode magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed in 20 patients with various heart deseases. Left ventricular volume (LVV) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were calculated on MR images obtained in left ventricular vertical and horizontal long axis views. The findings were compared with those obtained from left ventriculography. There was a significant positive correlation between MR imaging and ventriculography for both LVV and LVEF (p<0.001). In Marfan syndrome after surgery for dissecting aneurysm of the aorta, MR imaging was capable of visualizing not only the whole aorta in a single plane but also enlargement of the aortic root. It also depicted asynergy and thinned wall of the infarcted myocardium for myocardial infarction; an enlarged left auricle, the thickened septum, and constricted outflow tract for idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis; shunt flow for ventricular septum defect; and an enlarged aortic root for aortitis syndrome. Using ventriculography as the standard, cine MR imaging was frequently false positive for the detection of mitral regurgitation. There was, however, good concordance between MR imaging and ventriculography in detecting aortic regurgitation. In addition, MR imaging was equivalent to color Doppler technique for detecting valvular regurgitation. (N.K.).

Kondo, Takeshi; Anno, Hirofumi; Uritani, Tomizo (Fujita-Gakuen Health Univ., Toyoake, Aichi (Japan)) (and others)

1990-01-01

85

Clinical usefulness of cine MRI for evaluation of left ventricular volume and diagnosis of heart and great vessel diseases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ECG-gated cine mode magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed in 20 patients with various heart deseases. Left ventricular volume (LVV) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were calculated on MR images obtained in left ventricular vertical and horizontal long axis views. The findings were compared with those obtained from left ventriculography. There was a significant positive correlation between MR imaging and ventriculography for both LVV and LVEF (p<0.001). In Marfan syndrome after surgery for dissecting aneurysm of the aorta, MR imaging was capable of visualizing not only the whole aorta in a single plane but also enlargement of the aortic root. It also depicted asynergy and thinned wall of the infarcted myocardium for myocardial infarction; an enlarged left auricle, the thickened septum, and constricted outflow tract for idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis; shunt flow for ventricular septum defect; and an enlarged aortic root for aortitis syndrome. Using ventriculography as the standard, cine MR imaging was frequently false positive for the detection of mitral regurgitation. There was, however, good concordance between MR imaging and ventriculography in detecting aortic regurgitation. In addition, MR imaging was equivalent to color Doppler technique for detecting valvular regurgitation. (N.K.)

1990-01-01

86

MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the CT and MRI findings of neurosyphilis. We retrospectively reviewed the CT and MR imaging findings in five patients with intracranial neurosyphilis confirmed by CSF, VDRL, TPHA, and clinical follow-up. MR imaging was performed in all five cases, and CT in two. The MRI and CT findings of intracranial neurosyphilis included infarction (n=3), focal inflammation (n=1) and encephalopathy (n=1). There was a total of ten infaretions : three of the basal ganglia, two each of the frontal lobe, watershed zone, and cerebellum, and one of the occipital lobe. Intaretion was most common in MCA territory (n=9; 50%), followed by the watershed zone (16.6%), posterior cerebral artery territory (16.6%), and posterior inferior cerebellar artery territory (11.1%). The size of the lesion varied from 1cm to larger than one lobe. One patient showed diffuse high signal intensity in the left temporal lobe, but on follow-up MRI, this had resolved. The most common finding of neurosyphilis, as seen on MRI and CT, was infarction in middle cerebral arterial territory

1999-02-01

87

Lead arthropathy: radiographic, CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lead arthropathy is a well-known complication of gunshot injuries with retained intra-articular bullets. Although several previous reports have discussed the radiological findings of this entity, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings have never been described before in this setting. In this paper the authors review the imaging findings of 11 patients with lead arthropathy (1 of whom had clinical signs of lead poisoning as well), all of them studied by means of radiographs. In addition, non-enhanced CT scans were obtained in 3 patients and gadolinium-enhanced MRI in 1. Classic findings of intra-articular speckled lead deposits (occasionally with a ''lead arthrogram'' appearance), joint space narrowing and preserved bone density were found at radiographs in the great majority of cases. Furthermore, extension of intra-articular lead to adjacent tendon sheaths was observed in almost half of the patients, an observation rarely reported in the literature. CT scans and MRI, in their turn, were superior with regard to soft tissue abnormalities, accurately depicting joint effusion and the thickened synovium with lead particles embedded in it. Post-gadolinium MRI had the advantage of showing the enhancement pattern of the inflamed synovium and associated bone marrow edema pattern. Although it is not possible to establish the role of axial imaging in lead arthropathy from the small number of cases studied, this initial experience shows that both methods hold promise in this setting and may be useful, at least in selected cases. (orig.)

2007-07-01

88

MRI findings of treated bacterial septic arthritis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to report the MRI findings that can be encountered in successfully treated bacterial septic arthritis. The study included 12 patients (8 male and 4 female; mean age 38 years, range 9-85) with 13 proven cases of bacterial septic arthritis. The joints involved were hip (n = 3), knee (n = 3), shoulder (n = 2), sacroiliac (n = 2), ankle (n = 1), wrist (n = 1), and elbow (n = 1). MRI examinations following surgical debridement and at initiation of antibiotic therapy and after successful treatment were compared for changes in effusion, synovium, bone, and periarticular soft tissues. Imaging findings were correlated with microbiological and clinical findings. Joint effusions were present in all joints at baseline and regressed significantly at follow-up MRI (p = 0.001). Abscesses were present in 5 cases (38 %), and their sizes decreased significantly at follow-up (p = 0.001). Synovial enhancement and thickening were observed in all joints at both baseline and follow-up MRI. Myositis/cellulitis was present in 10 cases (77 %) at baseline and in 8 cases (62 %) at follow-up MRI. Bone marrow edema was present in 10 joints (77 %) at baseline and persisted in 8 joints (62 %). Bone erosions were found in 8 joints (62 %) and persisted at follow-up MRI in all cases. The sizes of joint effusions and abscesses appear to be the factors with the most potential for monitoring therapy for septic arthritis, since both decreased significantly following successful treatment. Synovial thickening and enhancement, periarticular myositis/cellulitis, and bone marrow edema can persist even after resolution of the infection. (orig.)

Bierry, Guillaume; Huang, Ambrose J.; Chang, Connie Y.; Torriani, Martin; Bredella, Miriam A. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

2012-12-15

89

Symptomatic Chiari malformation in infancy and adolescence; Cine-MRI and clinical evaluation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Of the 7 children and adolescents with Chiari malformation reported here 5 had Chiari type 1 and 2 had Chiari type 2 disease. All 5 Chiari type 1 patients had syringomyelia and scoliosis, but the Chiari type 2 patients did not. All the patients except one with localized syringomyelia (case 3) underwent posterior decompression with suboccipital craniectomy, upper cervical laminectomy and duraplasty, and their clinical signs and symptoms improved. Case 3 received a syringo-subarachnoid shunt and improved clinically. Motor function was restored better than sensory function. Cranial nerve signs were cleared up in the Chiari type 2 patients. In the Chiari type 1 patients postoperative neurological improvement correlated well with the collapse of syringomyelia. Cine MR imaging was useful in the evaluation of CSF dynamics at the cranio-vertebral junction and in the syringomyelic cavity before and after surgery. (author).

Fukushima, Takeo; Matsuda, Toshihiro; Tsugu, Hitoshi; Sakamoto, Seisaburou; Tomonaga, Masamichi; Asakawa, Koji; Mitsudome, Akihisa (Fukuoka Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine); Hashimoto, Takahisa

1994-04-01

90

Analysis of intracranial CSF flow dynamics in phase-contrast cine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to clarify the flow dynamics of intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), experimental and clinical studies were performed with MR imaging. In an experiment, to-and-fro flow and bulk flow were simultaneously generated as CFS flow movement in an aqueduct. Under these conditions, the flow velocities and patterns were quantitatively measured with both phase-contrast cine MR imaging and an electromagnetic flow meter. The measured values from MR imaging mached those of the electromagnetic flow meter. Clinically, CSF flow measurement with MR imaging revealed that the maximum CSF flow velocity and the peak interval in the aqueduct were greater in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus than in healthy volunteers. In conclusion, CSF flow analysis with MR imaging makes it possible to clarify noninvasively the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus and changes in the intracranial condition. (author)

1997-07-01

91

Isovaleric acidaemia: cranial CT and MRI findings  

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Isovaleric acidaemia is an inborn error of leucine metabolism due to deficiency of isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase, which results in accumulation of isovaleric acid in body fluids. There are acute and chronic-intermittent forms of the disease. We present the cranial CT and MRI findings of a 19-month-old girl with the chronic-intermittent form of isovaleric acidaemia. She presented with severe metabolic acidosis, hyperglycaemia, glycosuria, ketonuria and acute encephalopathy. Cranial CT revealed bilateral hypodensity of the globi pallidi. MRI showed signal changes in the globi pallidi and corticospinal tracts of the mesencephalon, which were hypointense on T1-weighted and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. (orig.)

Sogut, Ayhan; Acun, Ceyda; Tomsac, Nazan; Demirel, Fatma [Department of Paediatrics, Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey); Aydin, Kubilay [Department of Radiology, Istanbul Medical School, Istanbul University, Camlikyolu, B. mehmetpasa sokak yavuz apt. No:10/10, Etiler, Istanbul (Turkey); Aktuglu, Cigdem [Department of Paediatrics, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Istanbul (Turkey)

2004-02-01

92

Assessment of left ventricular function with single breath-hold highly accelerated cine MRI combined with guide-point modeling  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To prospectively assess the performance of highly accelerated cine MRI in multi-orientations combined with a new guide-point modeling post-processing technique (GPM approach) for assessment of left ventricular (LV) function compared to the standard summation of slices method based on a stack of short axis views (SoS approach). Materials and methods: 33 consecutive patients were examined on a 1.5 T scanner with a standard steady state free precession (SSFP) sequence (TR, 3.0 ms; TE, 1.5 m; flip angle (FA), 60o; acceleration factor (AF), 2) analyzed with the SoS method and a highly accelerated, single breath-hold temporal parallel acquisition SSFP sequence (TR, 4.6 ms; TE, 1.1 ms; AF, 3) post-processed with the GPM method. LV function values were measured by two independent readers with different experience in cardiac MRI and compared by using the paired t-test and F-test. Inter- and intraobserver agreements were calculated using Bland-Altman-Plots. Results: Mean acquisition and post-processing time was significantly shorter with the GPM approach (15 s/3 min versus 360 s/6 min). For all LV function parameters interobserver agreement between the experienced and non-experienced reader was significantly improved when the GPM approach was used. However, end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were larger for the GPM technique when compared to the SoS method (P 0.121). In both readers and for all parameters variances did not differ significantly (P ? 0.409) and the two approaches showed an excellent linear correlation (r > 0.951). Conclusion: Due to its accurate, fast and reproducible assessment of LV function parameters highly accelerated MRI combined with the GPM technique may become the technique of first choice for assessment of LV function in clinical routine.

2010-06-01

93

Intracranial teratoma in childhood: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We reviewed the magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) of intracranial teratoma to defect the characteristic findings. Five patients with intercranial teratoma were evaluated with MRI from January 1988 to December 1990. Four male and one female patients with age ranging from 6 to 14 years were surgically confirmed. MRI was done with 2.0 T superconducting system(Spectro 20000, Goldstar, Seoul) and gadolinium enhancement was done in 4 patients. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical, operative, pathologic, and radiologic findings. Intracranial teratomas showed fatty component, calcification and cystic component filled with sebum or serous fluid. Peripheral rim enhancement was seen in three and irregular enhancement in two cases. There were hydrocephalus in all pineal teratoma, but neither surrounding edema nor surrounding tissue invasion was seen. Low signal intensity rim was noted the solid component of all tumors and they were not enhanced. MRI showed multicomponent of intracranial teratoma including the solid and cystic component, and low signal rim which might be the characteristic finding of the intracranial teratoma

1992-09-01

94

Intracranial teratoma in childhood: MRI findings  

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We reviewed the magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) of intracranial teratoma to defect the characteristic findings. Five patients with intercranial teratoma were evaluated with MRI from January 1988 to December 1990. Four male and one female patients with age ranging from 6 to 14 years were surgically confirmed. MRI was done with 2.0 T superconducting system(Spectro 20000, Goldstar, Seoul) and gadolinium enhancement was done in 4 patients. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical, operative, pathologic, and radiologic findings. Intracranial teratomas showed fatty component, calcification and cystic component filled with sebum or serous fluid. Peripheral rim enhancement was seen in three and irregular enhancement in two cases. There were hydrocephalus in all pineal teratoma, but neither surrounding edema nor surrounding tissue invasion was seen. Low signal intensity rim was noted the solid component of all tumors and they were not enhanced. MRI showed multicomponent of intracranial teratoma including the solid and cystic component, and low signal rim which might be the characteristic finding of the intracranial teratoma.

Shin, Yong Moon; Kim, In One; Kim, Woo Sun; Yeon, Kyung Mo; Han, Man Chung [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Yu, Pil Mun [Dankuk University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1992-09-15

95

MRI Findings in Patients with TMJ Click  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: It has been shown that joint click, an initial and common finding in internal derangement (ID, respond to neither conservative treatment nor surgical intervention. This raises the question as to whether it must be treated in the absence of other pertinent signs and symptoms, so the aim of this study was to investigate and compare the MRI findings of TMJ in both normal subjects and patients with click, in order to determine the importance of click in predicting TMJ pathological changes. Methods: A total of 26 patients with clinical symptoms of disk displacement with reduction (DDwR according to RDC/TMD were compared to 14 normal subjects in terms of their MRI findings, including disk displacement, effusion, condylar osteoarthritic changes and disk deformities. Results: Out of 80 joints in total (52 affected joints in 26 patients and 28 joints in control group, 48 were shown with normal disk position in MRI whereas 28 (35% and 4 (5% were categorised as DDwR and (disk displacement without reduction DDwoR, respectively. Statistically significant correlations were established between the following pairs of variables in order: Click and disk displacement, effusion and disk displacement, disk displacement and effusion with disk deformity. Conclusion: The correlation between the presence of click and disk displacement, disk deformity and effusion emphasizes the importance of MRI for an accurate diagnosis and development of an appropriate treatment plan in these cases and shows that clinical examination is not sufficient for these purposes.

Mahrokh Imanimoghaddam

2013-12-01

96

MRI findings of Ramsay Hunt syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the MR findings and diagnostic value in Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Methods: MRI plain and Gd-DTPA enhanced scans were performed in 5 unilateral Ramsay Hunt syndrome patients proved by clinical representation and examinations. The patients included 3 men and 2 women, and their age ranged from 29 to 54 years. The signal intensities of segments of facial nerves within temporal bone were measured pre- and post-gadolinium injections in 3 cases. Of all 5 cases, bilateral contrast of segments of facial nerves at both pre- and post-gadolinium injections was made. Results: Segmental enhancement was found in 4 cases (the difference of bilateral enhancement signal intensities>20, or the grade of difference is 1 or above), while no difference of bilateral enhancement was found in 1 case. Abnormal enhancement of ganglion geniculi (4/4) and labyrinthine segment (3/4) was relatively frequent, abnormal enhancement of distal part of internal auditory segment, tympanic segment, and mastoid segment was seen in 2 cases, respectively. Conclusion: MRI doesn't have diagnostic value unless the enhancement of segments of the affected facial nerve side is more evident than the unaffected side for unilateral cases. Labyrinthine segment and ganglion geniculi are more susceptible to Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Gd-DTPA enhanced MRI can demonstrate segmental lesions of facial nerves objectively, thus it can be helpful in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of Ramsay Hunt syndrome. The relationship between MRI findings and clinical representation still needs further study

2004-02-01

97

Brain MRI findings of spontaneous intracranial hypotension  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate brain MRI findings of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. A retrospective review of MRI findings was conducted on six patients with clinically proven spontaneous intracranial hypotension; no patient had a history of previous spinal puncture. Follow-up MRI was available in two patients, and to detect CSF leakage, radio-nuclide cisternography(n=3D5), myelography(n=3D1), and MR myelography(n=3D1) were performed. On contrast-enhanced T1WI, diffuse dural enhancement was seen in all cases, subdural hematoma or hygroma was seen in four cases, pituitary gland prominence in four, dural sinus dilatation in four, downward displacement of the cerebellar tonsil in two, downward displacement of the iter in one, and suprasellar and prepontine cistern effacement in two. In no patient was abnormal CSF leakage found. Although dural enhancement, as seen on MRI, is not specific, diffuse enhancement of the dura mater accompanied by subdural hematoma, hygroma, pituitary gland prominence, dural sinus dilatation, downward displacement of the cerebellar tonsil, or suprasellar and prepontine cistern effacement can strongly suggest intracranial hypotension.=20

1997-09-01

98

A technique to reduce motion artifact for externally triggered cine-MRI(EC-MRI) based on detecting the onset of the articulated word with spectral analysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

One issue in externally triggered cine-magnetic resonance imaging (EC-MRI) for the dynamic observation of speech organs is motion artifact in the phase-encoding direction caused by unstable repetitions of speech during data acquisition. We propose a technique to reduce such artifact by rearranging the k-space data used to reconstruct MR images based on the analysis of recorded speech sounds. We recorded the subject's speech sounds during EC-MRI and used post hoc acoustical processing to reduce scanning noise and detect the onset of each utterance based on analysis of the recorded sounds. We selected each line of k-space from several data acquisition sessions and rearranged them to reconstruct a new series of dynamic MR images according to the analyzed time of utterance onset. Comparative evaluation showed significant reduction in motion artifact signal in the dynamic MR images reconstructed by the proposed method. The quality of the reconstructed images was sufficient to observe the dynamic aspects of speech production mechanisms. (author)

2012-12-01

99

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: CT and MRI findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to report the CT and MRI appearances of primary and metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The clinical and imaging findings of 31 patients with histological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of GIST were reviewed. The CT and MRI findings were assessed independently for size, location, enhancement characteristics, and pattern of metastatic disease. The tumors were of enteric (n=13), gastric (n=12), duodenal (n=2), and rectal (n=3) origin. In one case the primary site was the mesentery, without involvement of bowel. Primary tumors were typically exophytic (79%), larger than 5 cm (84%), and inhomogeneously enhancing (84%). Central necrosis of all tumors (37%) and aneurysmal dilation of enteric tumors (33%) were less common. Metastases were most commonly to mesentery (26%) or liver (32%). Less common findings were ascites (7%) and omental caking (3%). Liver metastases were hypervascular in 92% of patients and rapidly became cystic following therapy with imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; Novartis, East Hanover, NJ, USA). Lung metastases, bowel obstruction, vascular invasion, and significant lymphadenopathy were not seen in any patient. GISTs have some specific CT findings which could help differentiate them from other gastrointestinal tumors. Liver metastases became cystic following therapy, mimicking simple cysts. MRI was better than single-phase CT for assessing liver metastases, while CT was more sensitive for mesenteric metastases. PMID:15761716

Sandrasegaran, Kumaresan; Rajesh, Arumugam; Rushing, Daniel A; Rydberg, Jonas; Akisik, Fatih M; Henley, John D

2005-07-01

100

Percent wall thickness evaluated by Gd-DTPA enhanced cine MRI as an indicator of local parietal movement in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy  

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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a cardiac disease, the basic pathology of which consists of a decrease in left ventricular dilation compliance due to uneven hypertrophy of the left ventricular wall. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful in monitoring uneven parietal hypertrophy and kinetics in HCM patients. The present study was undertaken in 47 HCM patients who showed asymmetrical septal hypertrophy to determine if percent thickness can be an indicator of left ventricular local movement using cine MRI. Longest and shortest axis images were acquired by the ECG synchronization method using a 1.5 T MR imager. Cardiac function was analyzed based on longest axis cine images, and telediastolic and telesystolic parietal thickness were measured based on shorter axis cine images at the papillary muscle level. Parietal movement index and percent thickness were used as indicators of local parietal movement. The correlation between these indicators and parietal thickness was evaluated. The percent thickness changed at an earlier stage of hypertrophy than the parietal movement index, thus it is thought to be useful in detecting left ventricular parietal movement disorders at an early stage of HCM. (author)

Hirano, Masaharu [Tokyo Medical Coll. (Japan)

1998-11-01

 
 
 
 
101

Increased pulsatile movement of the hindbrain in syringomyelia associated with the Chiari malformation: cine-MRI with presaturation bolus tracking  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cine-MRI with presaturation bolus tracking was used in patients with syringomyelia associated with a Chiari malformation to study pulsatile movement of the hindbrain, cervical spinal cord, cerebrospinal fluid and the fluid within the syrinx. Nine patients had 13 examinations, 6 preoperative, 3 after syringosubarachnoid shunting and 4 after posterior fossa decompression. Five controls were also examined. Dynamic display of the acquired images demonstrated downward displacement of the presaturation bolus on the cerebellar tonsils and medulla oblongata (or upper cervical cord) at the C1 level in all preoperative examinations and in two patients after syringo-subarachnoid shunting but with residual foramen magnum obstruction. Downward displacement of the bolus on the cervical spinal cord was also demonstrated in 7 examinations, but not observed in the controls. Thus, the hindbrain-spinal cord axis showed larger pulsatile movements in patients with foramen magnum obstruction. Based on these observations and a review of the literature, a new theory on the mode of extension of syringomyelia, emphasising the role of increased pulsatile movement of the hindbrain-spinal cord axis is proposed: that the pulsatile movements, together with a one-way valve mechanism in the syrinx cavity act as a ''vacuum-pump'' to enlarge the syrinx. (orig.)

1994-02-01

102

MRI findings on de Quervain's disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

De Quervain's disease is a stenosing tenosynovitis affecting the first extensor compartment of the wrist. Conservative treatment including steroid injection is primarily indicated and satisfactory result can be obtained in most cases. However, it often fails in cases where fibrocartilagenous septum exists within the first compartment. Surgical release of the compartment and resection of the septum is recommended for these instances. The incidence of the septum in the compartment is reported to be about 30 to 40 per cent in normal population, though over 90 per cent in operative cases. In this study, MRI was employed to evaluate the anatomical variation in the first extensor compartment of the wrist in de Quervain's disease. There were 13 hands in 5 men and 10 women. Their average age was 49.5 years old (19 to 76 y.o.). Axial T1 weighted MR images around the radial styloid process were obtained. Eight hands which resisted conservative treatment were operated on and first compartment was directly inspected. The other 5 were well treated with one or two steroid injection. In all operative cases, MRI revealed that the EPB tendon exists apart from the APL tendon surrounded with thick high intensity area. That finding correspond to the operative findings. That were fibrocartilagenous septum dividing the first compartment and dense synovium around the EPB tendon. On the other hands, in 5 hands which responded to steroid injection, EPB was identified only in 2 on MRI and could not be distinguished from APL in the other 3. Consequently, MRI provides useful information to make a strategy for treating de Quervain's disease. In cases whose MRI show that EPB and APL are accommodated in one common canal non-surgical treatment should be continued while in the cases of separate EPB tunnel with surrounding proliferating synovium early operation might be considered. (author)

1996-08-01

103

Brain MRI findings of neuropsychiatric lupus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the brain MRI findings in patients with neuropsychiatric lupus. In 26 patients (M:F = 2:24 ; aged 9-48 years) in whom the presence of systemic lupus erythematosus was clinically or pathologically proven and in whom neuropsychiatric lupus was also clinically diagnosed, the findings of brain MRI were retrospectively evaluated. MR images were analyzed with regard to the distribution, location, size and number of lesions due to cerebral ischemia or infarction, the presence of cerebral atrophy, and the extent and degree of brain parenchymal and intravascular enhancement. The most common MRI findings were lesions due to cerebral ischemia or infarction occurring in 18 patients (69%), and located within deep periventricular white matter (n=10), subcortical white matter (n=8), the cerebral cortex (n=7), basal ganglia (n=7), or brain stem or cerebellum (n=2). The lesions were single (n=3) or multiple (n=15), and in 17 patients were less than 1cm in diameter in regions other than the cerebral cortex. In six of these patients, lesions of 1-4cm in diameter in this region were combined, and one occurred in the cerebral cortex only. Cerebral atrophy was seen in 16 patients (62%), in ten of whom there was no past history of treatment with steroids for more than six months. In 15 patients (58%), contrast-enhanced MR image revealed diffuse enhancement of the basal ganglia or intravascular enhancement. In no case were MRI findings normal. The primary mainfestations of neuropsychiatric lupus are multifocal ischemia or infarctions in the cerebral cortex, and subcortical and deep white matter, and the cerebral atrophy. Contrast-enhanced MR images also demonstrated diffuse enhancement of the basal ganglia and intravascular enhancement, both thought to be related to the congestion due to the stagnation of cerebral blood flow

2000-12-01

104

Brain MRI findings of neuropsychiatric lupus  

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To evaluate the brain MRI findings in patients with neuropsychiatric lupus. In 26 patients (M:F = 2:24 ; aged 9-48 years) in whom the presence of systemic lupus erythematosus was clinically or pathologically proven and in whom neuropsychiatric lupus was also clinically diagnosed, the findings of brain MRI were retrospectively evaluated. MR images were analyzed with regard to the distribution, location, size and number of lesions due to cerebral ischemia or infarction, the presence of cerebral atrophy, and the extent and degree of brain parenchymal and intravascular enhancement. The most common MRI findings were lesions due to cerebral ischemia or infarction occurring in 18 patients (69%), and located within deep periventricular white matter (n=10), subcortical white matter (n=8), the cerebral cortex (n=7), basal ganglia (n=7), or brain stem or cerebellum (n=2). The lesions were single (n=3) or multiple (n=15), and in 17 patients were less than 1cm in diameter in regions other than the cerebral cortex. In six of these patients, lesions of 1-4cm in diameter in this region were combined, and one occurred in the cerebral cortex only. Cerebral atrophy was seen in 16 patients (62%), in ten of whom there was no past history of treatment with steroids for more than six months. In 15 patients (58%), contrast-enhanced MR image revealed diffuse enhancement of the basal ganglia or intravascular enhancement. In no case were MRI findings normal. The primary mainfestations of neuropsychiatric lupus are multifocal ischemia or infarctions in the cerebral cortex, and subcortical and deep white matter, and the cerebral atrophy. Contrast-enhanced MR images also demonstrated diffuse enhancement of the basal ganglia and intravascular enhancement, both thought to be related to the congestion due to the stagnation of cerebral blood flow.

Kim, Jang-Wook; Kwon, Bae Ju; Lee, Seung-Ro; Hahm, Chang-Kok; Moon, Won Jin; Jeon, Eui Yong; Bae, Sang-Chul [Hanyang Univ. School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2000-12-01

105

Lead arthropathy: radiographic, CT and MRI findings  

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Lead arthropathy is a well-known complication of gunshot injuries with retained intra-articular bullets. Although several previous reports have discussed the radiological findings of this entity, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings have never been described before in this setting. In this paper the authors review the imaging findings of 11 patients with lead arthropathy (1 of whom had clinical signs of lead poisoning as well), all of them studied by means of radiographs. In addition, non-enhanced CT scans were obtained in 3 patients and gadolinium-enhanced MRI in 1. Classic findings of intra-articular speckled lead deposits (occasionally with a ''lead arthrogram'' appearance), joint space narrowing and preserved bone density were found at radiographs in the great majority of cases. Furthermore, extension of intra-articular lead to adjacent tendon sheaths was observed in almost half of the patients, an observation rarely reported in the literature. CT scans and MRI, in their turn, were superior with regard to soft tissue abnormalities, accurately depicting joint effusion and the thickened synovium with lead particles embedded in it. Post-gadolinium MRI had the advantage of showing the enhancement pattern of the inflamed synovium and associated bone marrow edema pattern. Although it is not possible to establish the role of axial imaging in lead arthropathy from the small number of cases studied, this initial experience shows that both methods hold promise in this setting and may be useful, at least in selected cases. (orig.)

Fernandes, Joao Luiz [Image Memorial, Magnetic Resonance Department, Salvador-BA (Brazil); Lopes Rocha, Arthemizio Antonio [Hospital das Clinicas de Brasilia, Diagnostik, Brasilia - DF (Brazil); Veloso Ayrimoraes Soares, Mayra [Hospital Universitario de Brasilia (UnB), Radiology Department, Brasilia - DF (Brazil); Lopes Viana, Sergio [Hospital das Clinicas de Brasilia, Diagnostik, Brasilia - DF (Brazil); Clinica Radiologica Vila Rica, Magnetic Resonance Department, Brasilia - DF (Brazil)

2007-07-15

106

Postoperative MRI findings after cholesteatoma surgery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study was designed to show MRI findings of postoperative middle ear pathologies and to discuss the usefulness of Gadolinium-enhanced MRI in evaluating the postoperative state of cholesteatoma. Thirty-eight ears which underwent intact canal wall tympanoplasty for cholesteatoma were examined. Recurrent cholesteatoma was detected as an iso-intensity area on T1-weighted images with negative enhancement. Notably, residual cholesteatoma were generally depicted as a round iso-intensity area with negative enhancement. Residual cholesteatoma less than 5 mm in diameter were, however, not generally detectable with our MRI scanner. Granulation tissue can be separated from cholesteatoma as an area with positive enhancement. Cholesterol granuloma shows a characteristic high signal pattern on both T1 and T2-weighted images. Hypovascular fibrous tissue and fluid collection may be depicted as a pattern similar to that of cholesteatoma. However, the signal is usually more homogeneous than that of cholesteatoma. We conclude that Gadolinium-enhanced MRI is useful for detecting postoperative cholesteatoma and avoiding unnecessary second-look operations after cholesteatoma surgery, by the canal-up procedure. (author)

1995-07-01

107

Postoperative MRI findings after cholesteatoma surgery  

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This study was designed to show MRI findings of postoperative middle ear pathologies and to discuss the usefulness of Gadolinium-enhanced MRI in evaluating the postoperative state of cholesteatoma. Thirty-eight ears which underwent intact canal wall tympanoplasty for cholesteatoma were examined. Recurrent cholesteatoma was detected as an iso-intensity area on T1-weighted images with negative enhancement. Notably, residual cholesteatoma were generally depicted as a round iso-intensity area with negative enhancement. Residual cholesteatoma less than 5 mm in diameter were, however, not generally detectable with our MRI scanner. Granulation tissue can be separated from cholesteatoma as an area with positive enhancement. Cholesterol granuloma shows a characteristic high signal pattern on both T1 and T2-weighted images. Hypovascular fibrous tissue and fluid collection may be depicted as a pattern similar to that of cholesteatoma. However, the signal is usually more homogeneous than that of cholesteatoma. We conclude that Gadolinium-enhanced MRI is useful for detecting postoperative cholesteatoma and avoiding unnecessary second-look operations after cholesteatoma surgery, by the canal-up procedure. (author).

Segawa, Yuko; Tono, Tetsuya; Kano, Kiyo; Morimitsu, Tamotsu [Miyazaki Medical Coll., Kiyotake (Japan)

1995-07-01

108

MRI findings of cervical lymphadenopathy: Preliminary study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate findings in MRI which maybe useful in differential diagnosis of cervical lymph node enlargement. We retrospectively analyzed the MRI findings of cervical lymph node enlargement in surgically proven 13 patients. We analyzed the location, size and shape, signal intensity, margin between node and surrounding structures degree and pattern of contrast enhancement. No disease specificity in location and size of lymphadenopathy was demonstrated in MRI. Most lymph nodes shows isointensity or slightly increased signal intensity to adjacent muscle on T1WI and high signal intensity on T2WI. Most of the cases showed contrast enhancement with metastatic lymph node showing ring-like and/or patchy enhancement. Tuberculous lymphadenopathy showed homogeneous or rather thick walled ring-like enhancement and one or multiple central nonenhancing portions of eccentrical location in the node. Relatively homogeneous enhancements were noted on reactively lymphoid hyperplasia, Lymphoma and Castleman's disease. MR imaging was helpful in differentiation of cervical lymph node enlargements. Tuberculous lymphadenopathy showed characteristic findings of rather spherical shaped, thick walled ring enhancement and multiple eccentrically located central nonenhancing portions

1994-08-01

109

Extra-mammary findings in breast MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Incidental extra-mammary findings in breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) may be benign in nature, but may also represent a metastasis or another important lesion. We aimed to analyse the prevalence and clinical relevance of these unexpected findings. A retrospective review of 1535 breast MRIs was conducted. Only axial sequences were reassessed. Confirmation examinations were obtained in all cases. 285 patients had a confirmed incidental finding, which were located in the liver (51.9%), lung (11.2%), bone (7%), mediastinal lymph nodes (4.2%) or consisted of pleural/pericardial effusion (15.4%). 20.4% of incidental findings were confirmed to be malignant. Positive predictive value for MRI to detect a metastatic lesion was high if located within the bone (89%), lymph nodes (83%) and lung (59%), while it was low if located within the liver (9%) or if it consisted of pleural/pericardial effusion (6%). The axial enhanced sequence showed superior sensitivity to unenhanced images in detecting metastatic lesions, especially if only smaller (?10 mm.) lesions were considered. The prevalence of metastatic incidental extra-mammary findings is not negligible. Particular attention should be to incidental findings located within the lung, bone and mediastinal lymph nodes. (orig.)

2011-11-01

110

Extra-mammary findings in breast MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Incidental extra-mammary findings in breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) may be benign in nature, but may also represent a metastasis or another important lesion. We aimed to analyse the prevalence and clinical relevance of these unexpected findings. A retrospective review of 1535 breast MRIs was conducted. Only axial sequences were reassessed. Confirmation examinations were obtained in all cases. 285 patients had a confirmed incidental finding, which were located in the liver (51.9%), lung (11.2%), bone (7%), mediastinal lymph nodes (4.2%) or consisted of pleural/pericardial effusion (15.4%). 20.4% of incidental findings were confirmed to be malignant. Positive predictive value for MRI to detect a metastatic lesion was high if located within the bone (89%), lymph nodes (83%) and lung (59%), while it was low if located within the liver (9%) or if it consisted of pleural/pericardial effusion (6%). The axial enhanced sequence showed superior sensitivity to unenhanced images in detecting metastatic lesions, especially if only smaller ({<=}10 mm.) lesions were considered. The prevalence of metastatic incidental extra-mammary findings is not negligible. Particular attention should be to incidental findings located within the lung, bone and mediastinal lymph nodes. (orig.)

Rinaldi, Pierluigi; Costantini, M.; Belli, P.; Giuliani, M.; Bufi, E.; Fubelli, R.; Distefano, D.; Romani, M.; Bonomo, L. [Catholic University - Policlinic A. Gemelli, Department of Bio-Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Rome (Italy)

2011-11-15

111

Localized Castleman's disease: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the CT and MRI findings of localized Castleman's disease (LCD). Methods: The CT (n=7) and MRI (n=2) appearance of LCD (n=7) confirmed by pathology and operation were retrospectively analyzed. Results Hyaline-vascular type(n=6) and plasma cell type (n=1) were confirmed by pathology in LCD (n=7). They were located in middle mediastinum (n=2), hilum pulmonis (n=l), posterior mediastinum (n=3), retro-peritoneum (n=1). Hyaline-vascular type focuses in CT scanning were manifested as round shape soft tissue masses, with homogeneous density, integrity envelope, distinct margin, and chaperonage arborizing and spot calcification. Marked persistent enhancement was apparent on contrast CT. MRI findings of hyaline-vascular type (n=2) was slightly isointense or hyperintense on T1WI, homogeneous hyperintense on T2WI, similar enhancement with CT after contrast. Plasma cell type focus were unhomogeneous density with abnormity necrosis, media and unhomogeneous enhancement after contrast. Conclusion: Marked persistent enhancement of LCD would be helpful to diagnosis and differential diagnosis in Castleman's disease. (authors)

2008-04-01

112

Periarthritis of the shoulder-MRI findings  

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We examined MRI findings in patients with periarthritis of the shoulder. We excluded cuff tears, calcified tendinitis, instability of the shoulder, fracture and impingement syndrome of young patients. Subjects comprised 36 cases, 38 shoulders (25 men and 11 women), with an average age of 59.1 years (42-75). Scanning was performed on a Gyroscan T5-II 0.5-T (Philips). T1-weighted and T2-weighted sequences in the coronal oblique plane, T2-weighted sequences in the coronal sagittal plane and horizontal plane were taken. Twelve shoulders showed some change in the humeral heads. Degeneration of the rotator cuff was observed in 15 shoulders. Joint fluid collection was observed in the gleno-humeral joints of 15 shoulders, in the subacromial bursa of 11 shoulders and in the acromio-clavicular joints of 7 shoulders. Twenty four shoulders had fluid collection in the sheath of the long head of the biceps long tendon. Localized high signal area was observed around the inferior pouch in 11 shoulders. We studied the relationship between MRI findings and clinical symptoms. There was no significant relationship but the shoulders with night pain and severe contractures had a higher positive rate of joint fluid collection on MRI than the shoulders without night pain and with less contractures. (author)

Hirano, Mako; Nomura, Kazutoshi; Hashimoto, Noburo; Fukumoto, Tetsuya; Oshima, Suguru; Katahira, Kazuhiro [Kumamoto National Hospital (Japan)

1997-09-01

113

Indental gynecological findings on lumbar spine MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Female genital organs are partly visible on lumbar spine MRI. Uterus and/or ovaries were partly visualized in 100 out of 227 women. The examinations were performed at a 1,5 T system. In a group of 100 patients,the abnormalities of these organs were found in 38 cases.The following diagnoses were suggested:leiomyoma in 23 cases, adenomyosis in 3, deep endometrial endometriosis in 1,endometrial carcinoma in 4, Nabothian cyst in 8, simple ovarian cyst in 1, endometrial cyst in 1, dermoid cyst in 1, ovarian cancer in 1, fluid in Douglas ' pouch in 2. Lumbar spine MRI should be interpreted using unmagnified images, including the localizer series, because of frequent incidental gynecological findings in unaware women. (author)

2004-01-01

114

Non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis: MRI findings  

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We wished to report on the MRI findings of non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis. The MRI findings of 17 confirmed cases of non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis were analyzed: four out of the 17 cases were confirmed with surgery, and the remaining 13 cases were confirmed with MRI plus the clinical data. The enlarged bursae were located deep to the gluteus muscles and postero-inferior to the ischial tuberosity. The superior ends of the bursal sacs abutted to the infero-medial aspect of the ischial tuberosity. The signal intensity within the enlarged bursa on T1-weighted image (WI) was hypo-intense in three cases (3/17, 17.6%), iso-intense in 10 cases (10/17, 58.9%), and hyper-intense in four cases (4/17, 23.5%) in comparison to that of surrounding muscles. The bursal sac appeared homogeneous in 13 patients (13/17, 76.5%) and heterogeneous in the remaining four patients (4/17, 23.5%) on T1-WI. On T2-WI, the bursa was hyper-intense in all cases (17/17, 100%); it was heterogeneous in 10 cases and homogeneous in seven cases. The heterogeneity was variable depending on the degree of the blood-fluid levels and the septae within the bursae. With contrast enhancement, the inner wall of the bursae was smooth (5/7 cases), and irregular (12/17 cases) because of the synovial proliferation and septation. Ischiogluteal bursitis can be diagnosed with MRI by its characteristic location and cystic appearance.

Cho, Kil Ho; Jang, Han Won [Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sung Moon [Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Young Hwan [Daegu Hyosung Catholic University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Kyung Jin [Suh and Joo MR Clinic, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Moon; Shin, Myung Jin [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2004-12-15

115

Non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We wished to report on the MRI findings of non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis. The MRI findings of 17 confirmed cases of non-infectious ischiogluteal bursitis were analyzed: four out of the 17 cases were confirmed with surgery, and the remaining 13 cases were confirmed with MRI plus the clinical data. The enlarged bursae were located deep to the gluteus muscles and postero-inferior to the ischial tuberosity. The superior ends of the bursal sacs abutted to the infero-medial aspect of the ischial tuberosity. The signal intensity within the enlarged bursa on T1-weighted image (WI) was hypo-intense in three cases (3/17, 17.6%), iso-intense in 10 cases (10/17, 58.9%), and hyper-intense in four cases (4/17, 23.5%) in comparison to that of surrounding muscles. The bursal sac appeared homogeneous in 13 patients (13/17, 76.5%) and heterogeneous in the remaining four patients (4/17, 23.5%) on T1-WI. On T2-WI, the bursa was hyper-intense in all cases (17/17, 100%); it was heterogeneous in 10 cases and homogeneous in seven cases. The heterogeneity was variable depending on the degree of the blood-fluid levels and the septae within the bursae. With contrast enhancement, the inner wall of the bursae was smooth (5/7 cases), and irregular (12/17 cases) because of the synovial proliferation and septation. Ischiogluteal bursitis can be diagnosed with MRI by its characteristic location and cystic appearance

2004-12-01

116

MRI Findings in the Spinal Column Trauma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The traumatic lesions of spinal column are important not only because of the structures involved but also because of the complications that may arise affecting the spinal cord."nThe traumatic lesions are usually encountered be-tween the ages of 20 and 50 years, with the majority of case (about 80% being seen in males. Usually in trauma patients the study begins with plain X-ray, however, CT and MRI have major role for further evaluation."nOn the CT examination, the bony structures such as vertebral body, pedicles and posterior elements can be evaluated, clearly."nMRI is the imaging method of choice because of its ability to visualize the soft tissue such as spinal cord contusion, hemorrhage, syringomyelia or compres-sion from epidural hematoma."nIn this paper we wish to discuss MRI findings in the spinal column trauma in our patients which are re-ferred for MR study during the last eight years.

A. Radmehr

2008-01-01

117

CT and MRI findings in trigeminal neurinomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The CT and MRI findings of trigeminal neurinomas were analyzed in 12 cases. Most of the cases were of the Dumbbell type, with the tumor occupying both the middle and posterior cranial fossae. A small number of cases were, however, of the Ganglion or Root type. Precontrast CT demonstrated iso- and/or low-density masses, while postcontrast CT showed a homogeneous, multicystic or ring-like enhancement. Cystic components were found frequently. Although the tumors were large in size, there was no peritumoral edema on CT. Metrizamide CT cisternography (MCTC) was helpful, particularly in detecting a small-sized neurinoma without any destruction of the petrous apex. In MRI, a tumor appeared as a decreased signal-intensity area on the T1-weighted image and as an increased signal-intensity area on the T2-weighted image. MRI is the best non-invasive technique for demonstrating a trigeminal neurinoma in Meckel's cave and the parasellar region without bony artifacts. (author)

1988-01-01

118

CT and MRI findings in trigeminal neurinomas  

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The CT and MRI findings of trigeminal neurinomas were analyzed in 12 cases. Most of the cases were of the Dumbbell type, with the tumor occupying both the middle and posterior cranial fossae. A small number of cases were, however, of the Ganglion or Root type. Precontrast CT demonstrated iso- andor low-density masses, while postcontrast CT showed a homogeneous, multicystic or ring-like enhancement. Cystic components were found frequently. Although the tumors were large in size, there was no peritumoral edema on CT. Metrizamide CT cisternography (MCTC) was helpful, particularly in detecting a small-sized neurinoma without any destruction of the petrous apex. In MRI, a tumor appeared as a decreased signal-intensity area on the T/sub 1/-weighted image and as an increased signal-intensity area on the T/sub 2/-weighted image. MRI is the best non-invasive technique for demonstrating a trigeminal neurinoma in Meckel's cave and the parasellar region without bony artifacts.

Morioka, Takato; Matsushima, Toshio; Fukui, Masashi; Hasuo, Kanehiro; Yasumori, Kotaro; Hirakata, Ryosuke; Kuromatsu, Chiharu.

1988-02-01

119

Brain MRI findings following cardiac arrest  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Brain damage, involving the grey matter in particular, is a result of hypoxic/ischemic changes after cardiac arrest. To present the spectrum of brain MRI findings in cardiac arrest survivors. MRI (9) and CT (1) were performed in 10 patients, aged 9 - 69 years, 2 days -3 months after cardiac arrest. Standard and diffusion-weighed images were obtained. Brain lesions were found in 7 patients.In 6 of them, grey matter was involved (lentiform and caudate nuclei in 2, nuclei and cortex in 4). In 2 patients, white matter abnormalities were found in addition to grey matter lesions, in 1 case, the white matter was involved only. In 3 patients, including 1 still unconscious, no abnormalities were observed. Our results are consistent with those reported by other authors. MRI is the most sensitive method of detection and characterisation of brain lesions after cardiac arrest. DWI plays the most important role, especially in the acute and subacute period and in cases with normal standard imaging results. (author)

2004-01-01

120

MRI findings of temporal lobe ganglioglioma  

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Ganglioglioma is a rare primary brain tumor usually found in the temporal lobe. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic MR findings of temporal lobe ganglioglioma. Over a seven-year period, ten patients with cerebral ganglioglioma were evaluated at our institution. Seven cases of temporal lobe ganglioma were found ; six of these involved men, and one, a woman ; their mean age was 29.6 years. In three patients, Gd-DTPA-enhanced T1-weighted images were also obtained. We retrospectively analysed the MRI findings with respect to location, size, cortical involvement, margin, cystic change, degree of enhancement, MR signal intensity, calcification and peritumoral change. In five cases, tumors were located within the temporal lobe. In one, a tumor extended from the temporal lobe to the thalamus, and in one from the temporal lobe to the thalamus and cerebral peduncle. All temporal gangliogliomas measured 1.6-3.8cm in their greatest diameter (mean diameter, 2.7cm). In all cases, the cortices were involved with the maintenance of gyriform. The tumor margin was ill defined in five cases and well defined in two. Tumors showed multiple small cystic changes in four cases, a large cyst in two, and a solid nodule in one. In three cases in which contrast media was administered, no lesions were enhanced. On T1-weighted images, iso-signal intensities were seen in five cases and high signal intensities in two. On T2-weighted images, the corresponding figures were five and two. On MRI, tumor calcification and calvarial erosion were each detected in two cases. In patients with temporal lobe epilepsy in whom cortical solid or cystic and poorly enhanced lesions were seen on brain MRI, and in whom associated findings such as calcification and or adjacent bony erosion were noted, ganglioglioma must be considered.

Lee, Myung Jun [National Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ho Kyu; Lee, Jung Kyo; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Ulsan University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-02-01

 
 
 
 
121

MRI Findings in Spinal Canal Stenosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Spinal canal stenosis results from progressive narrowing of the central spinal canal and the lateral recesses. Primary (congenital lumbar spinal stenosis is associated with achondroplastic dwarfism. The spinal canal may become narrowed by bulging or protrusion of the intervertebral disc annulus, herniation of the nucleus pulposus posteriorly, thickening of the posterior longitudinal ligament, hypertrophy of the facet joints, hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum, epidural fat deposition, spondylosis of the intervertebral disc margins and uncovertebral joint hypertrophy in the neck. The central canal and the neurorecess may be compromised by tumor infiltration, such as metastatic disease, or by infectious spondylitis."nAP diameter of the normal adult cervical canal has a mean value of 17-18 mm at vertebral levels C3-5. The lower cervical canal measures 12-14 mm. Cervical stenosis is associated with an AP diameter of less than 10 mm. The thoracic spinal canal varies from 12 to 14 mm in diameter in the adult. The diameter of the normal lumbar spinal canal varies from 15 to 27 mm. Lumbar stenosis results from a spinal canal diameter of less than 12 mm in some patients; a diameter of 10 mm is definitely stenotic."nSpinal MRI is the most suitable technique for the diagnosis of spinal stenosis. The examination should be performed using thin sections (3 mm and high resolution, including the axial and sagittal planes using T1-weighted, proton-density, and T2-weighted techniques. The bony and osteophytic components are seen best using a T2-weighted gradient-echo technique."nOn MRI, findings of spinal stenosis have a variable presentation depending on the specific disease. The goal of spinal imaging is to localize the site and level of disease and to help differentiate between conditions in which patients require surgery or conservative treatment."nIn this presentation, different kinds of spinal canal stenosis and their MRI findings would be discussed.

Maryam Barzin

2010-05-01

122

CT and MRI findings of malignant meningiomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors dealt with 128 cases of meningiomas during the 11-year period between January 1980 and December 1990. Of these cases, 11 (8.6%) were malignant meningiomas and included 4 cases of the anaplastic type, 1 atypical type, 1 papillary type and 5 of the meningotheliomatous type. The recurrences of these meningiomas seen within 5 years following the initial operation were of almost the same size as the original tumors. The 11 malignant meningiomas were evaluated by CT and 6 (4 anaplastic meningiomas, 1 atypical and 1 meningotheliomatous type) of them were examined by MR. CT on the malignant meningiomas revealed that tumor density was homogeneous, showing isodensity or slight high density in 7 cases and heterogeneous density with hypodensity in isodensity or slight high density on plain CT and heterogeneous enhancement on CECT in 4 cases. Only 2 malignant meningiomas exhibited calcifications on CT. Perifocal edema in the malignant meningiomas was not increased to a greater extent than in benign meningiomas. Moderate or somewhat more than moderate edema was seen in 6 cases (55%) of the 11 cases and slight edema in 5. MRI was more efficient than CT in the evaluation of the pathological tumor characteristics of the malignant meningiomas. T2-weighted images were important in determining heterogeneity of the tumor signal with respect to characteristic pathological findings. Five of 6 malignant tumors showed a heterogeneous signal on T2-weighted image and Gd-DTPA T1 image. Irregularities in the tumor outline were recognized in all 6 malignant meningioma cases examined. In 5 cases the peritumoral band, frequently seen by MRI in benign meningiomas had disappeared. MR was more useful than CT for the diagnosis of malignant meningiomas. The heterogeneity of the tumor signal, the irregularity of tumor outline and the disappearance of the peritumoral band were of importance in establishing the usefulness of MRI for the diagnosis of malignant meningiomas. (author)

1994-06-01

123

Progressive supranuclear palsy: MRI and pathological findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our purpose was to investigate brain atrophy and signal intensity changes on MRI in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and to correlate them with pathological features. We reviewed MRI and brain specimens of six patients with PSP, nine with Parkinson's disease (PD) and six with striatonigral degeneration (SND). Sagittal T1-weighted images showed that four patients with PSP had obvious reduction of anteroposterior midbrain diameter. T2-weighted images demonstrated diffuse high-signal lesions in the tegmentum and tectum of the midbrain of four patients, the upper pontine tegmentum of four, and the lower pontine tegmentum of two, but in no patient with PD or SND. The inferior olivary nuclei gave high signal intensity on T2-weighted images in one patient with PSP. These signal intensity changes were consistent with the pathological findings. One patient with PSP showed abnormal signal intensity in the upper pontine tegmentum without atrophy of the midbrain. Midbrain atrophy and diffuse high-signal lesions on T2-weighted images in the tegmentum and tectum of the brain stem are characteristic of PSP. (orig.). With 9 figs., 2 tabs

1996-05-01

124

Right-sided cardiac function in healthy volunteers measured by first-pass radionuclide ventriculography and gated blood-pool SPECT: comparison with cine MRI  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) function is of interest in an array of cardiopulmonary diseases. First-pass radionuclide ventriculography (FP), gated blood-pool single photon emission tomography (GBPS) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are three currently used non-invasive methods for evaluation of right-sided cardiac function. The aim of our study was to compare the agreement between these methods when measuring right-sided cardiac function. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy volunteers were included. Mean age was 44 years (range: 25-60) and 29% were females. All participants had FP, GBPS and breath-hold cine MRI performed according to standard protocols. RESULTS: Normal ranges for RV ejection fraction (RVEF) defined as mean +/- 2SD were 0.49-0.72, 0.44-0.66 and 0.40-0.69 when measured by MRI, FP and GBPS respectively. Bland-Altman analysis showed a mean difference (bias) between MRI and FP of 0.05 (95% CI: 0.03-0.08) and of 0.06 (95% CI: 0.02-0.10) between MRI and GBPS. No systematic bias was found between FP and GBPS. Normal values for RV end-diastolic volume index (RVEDVI) were 37-95 and 29-91 ml m(-2) when measured by MRI and GBPS respectively. The mean difference between RVEDVI was 6 ml m(-2) (95% CI: 0-11). CONCLUSIONS: (i) Normal values of RVEF differ between MRI, FP and GBPS with wide limits of agreement, accordingly it is difficult to evaluate changes over time if measured by different methods, (ii) RV volumes are in the same range when measured by MRI or GBPS but with wide limits of agreement, and (iii) if MRI is considered gold standard then FP is more accurate than GBPS for RVEF measurements

Kjaer, A; Lebech, Anne-Mette

2005-01-01

125

MRI findings of traumatic cervical disc herniation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In general practice, disc hernia is increasingly being questioned about its relation with traffic injuries. In this study, we examined the image findings of cervical disc herniation for findings indicative of traumatic hernia. In 2008, we examined 35 cases of cervical disc herniation at our hospital by MRI. The patients were divided into two groups; patients with trauma history (19 cases) and those without (16 cases), and their images were compared. Disc herniation in the trauma group showed high intensity at T2, with some of the patients in this group also indicating continuous high intensity of the internal and herniated discs. Traumatic force was found to cause swelling under the laryngeal soft tissue. Cases with further flexion injury showed interspinous ligament hemorrhage. These findings strongly suggest the involvement of injury. But given that some younger patients in the non-trauma group also show high intensity at T2*, attention must be paid not to confuse swelling below the larynx with inflammation of the longus colli muscle. (author)

2011-09-01

126

MRI findings of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Acute disseminate encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a demyelinating disease of probable autoimmune etiology. The MR images of patients with clinically suspected ADEM were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical symptoms occurred 5 days to 1 month after viral upper respiratory infection (4) and Coxsakie viral infection (1). The symptoms had begun with fever (3), headache (3), sore throat (1), and drowsy mental state (1), which progressed with monophasic course to altered mental change (2), extremity weakness (2), seizure (1) and/or cerebellar symptom (1). MRI findings of ADEM showed patchy (4), non hemorrhagic (5), asymmetric (5) high signal intensity lesions on T2-weighted images. The number of the lesions was mostly multiple (4). The lesions mainly involved the brain stem (3) and subcortical while matter (3). Follow-up MR images of 13 days to 20 days after high dose steroid therapy showed marked improvement in two of three, which well corrected with clinical manifestations. MR finding of multiple, patchy, nonhemorrhagic and asymmetric lesions in subcortical white matter and brain stem on T2-weighted images seem to be characteristic features of ADEM, but nonspecific. Therefore, clinical correlation is required in evaluating ADEM

1993-07-01

127

MRI and radiographic findings in Currarino's triad  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Currarino's triad is a rare complex of a congential sacral bony abnormality, anorectal malformation and a presacral mass. Intractable constipation since birth is the leading symptom of this triad, which follows an autosomal dominant mode of heredity. We report conventional radiographic and MR findings in one family consisting of a mother and her two daughters. In all three cases, radiography revealed an abnormality of the os sacrum, the so-called scimitar sacrum. MR examination, undertaken next in our institution, was applied with T1-, T2- and proton density weighted sequences in all three orientations before and after i.v. application of gadolinium diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA). In two patients we were able to diagnose the complete form of the triad and in one patient an incomplete form. In any case of a radiographically diagnosed scimitar sacrum in combination with constipation. Currarino's triad should be considered. MRI, as the method of choice, should be the next step to detect a presacral mass and any anomalies of the spinal canal. The importance of early recognition lies in the high morbidity and mortality rates resulting from this disorder. (orig.)

1996-08-01

128

MRI findings of mucocele in the sinuses  

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Eight patients with pyocele or mucocele in the frontal, ethmoidal and sphenoidal sinuses were examined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the results were compared with conventional tomography and CT results. CT is a useful tool in detecting mucocele in the sinuses, however, it has limitation of evaluating the qualitative and solid structural changes. MRI is able to show the entire feature of cysts with multidirectional imaging, and the extent of the cysts especially to the orbit and skull base could be identified three-dimensionally. Long spin echo (SE) image showed a higher signal intensity than short SE image in all cases and it was possible to diagnose the content of the cysts and to differetiate between cyst and tumor. Bone destruction could not be visualized by MRI, therefore, CT should be used in combination with MRI in selected cases. (author).

Yamashita, Toshio; Hori, Yoshiro; Kumazawa, Tadachika; Kato, Tsutomu; Tanaka, Yoshimasa; Yamauchi, Yasuo; Matsumura, Hiroshi (Kansai Medical School, Moriguchi, Osaka (Japan))

1989-07-01

129

MRI findings of mucocele in the sinuses  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Eight patients with pyocele or mucocele in the frontal, ethmoidal and sphenoidal sinuses were examined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the results were compared with conventional tomography and CT results. CT is a useful tool in detecting mucocele in the sinuses, however, it has limitation of evaluating the qualitative and solid structural changes. MRI is able to show the entire feature of cysts with multidirectional imaging, and the extent of the cysts especially to the orbit and skull base could be identified three-dimensionally. Long spin echo (SE) image showed a higher signal intensity than short SE image in all cases and it was possible to diagnose the content of the cysts and to differetiate between cyst and tumor. Bone destruction could not be visualized by MRI, therefore, CT should be used in combination with MRI in selected cases. (author)

1989-01-01

130

Tarsal coalitions: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: Tarsal coalition is a rare congenital disorder which represents the abnormal fusion of two or more tarsal bones. The purpose of this paper is to describe our experience with CT and MR in this articular disorder, helping to improve its diagnosis, which in many cases is missed. It is most often diagnosed when the tarsal region is examined for other reasons, than as a confirmation of a preliminary clinical diagnosis. Material and Method: Between January 1999 and May 2001, we studied 16 cases of tarsal coalitions, with CT and/or MR. A helical Toshiba K-press tomograph, a conventional TC 60-X tomograph (performing reconstruction algorithms with bone filter, and 2 mm sections per 2 mm of bed displacement) and a 1.5 Tessla Toshiba Visart MR equipment (axial, sagittal and coronal planes, with T1, T2-weighted, and T2 with fat suppression sequences) were used. Results: In the 16 cases evaluated, 28 tarsal coalitions were detected. Eight patients had bilateral coalitions (50%) and of the 8 remaining patients with unilateral disorders, 4 had 4 coexistent coalitions (25%). Eight bony bars were detected (28.5%) and 20 were non-ossified-cartilaginous and/or fibrous- (71.5%); 14 of them (50%) were talo-calcaneal, 8 (28.5%) were calcaneo-navicular, 4 (14.2%) were talo-navicular and 2 (7.1%) were cuboid-navicular coalitions. Conclusion: Calcaneo-navicular and talo-calcaneal coalitions account for approximately 80% of all cases. Conventional radiology is usually the initial method to study these lesions and often allows to make the diagnosis without the need for more complex methods. When the radiological findings are non-existent or misleading, CT or MRI may lead to a final diagnosis: to differentiate among the various subtypes and to assess the degree of articular involvement, which is mandatory in order to define the appropriate treatment. (author)

2002-01-01

131

MRI findings in thoracic outlet syndrome  

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We discuss MRI findings in patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). A total of 100 neurovascular bundles were evaluated in the interscalene triangle (IS), costoclavicular (CC), and retropectoralis minor (RPM) spaces. To exclude neurogenic abnormality, MRIs of the cervical spine and brachial plexus (BPL) were obtained in neutral. To exclude compression on neurovascular bundles, sagittal T1W images were obtained vertical to the longitudinal axis of BPL from spinal cord to the medial part of the humerus, in abduction and neutral. To exclude vascular TOS, MR angiography (MRA) and venography (MRV) of the subclavian artery (SA) and vein (SV) in abduction were obtained. If there is compression on the vessels, MRA and MRV of the subclavian vessels were repeated in neutral. Seventy-one neurovascular bundles were found to be abnormal: 16 arterial-venous-neurogenic, 20 neurogenic, 1 arterial, 15 venous, 8 arterial-venous, 3 arterial-neurogenic, and 8 venous-neurogenic TOS. Overall, neurogenic TOS was noted in 69%, venous TOS in 66%, and arterial TOS in 39%. The neurovascular bundle was most commonly compressed in the CC, mostly secondary to position, and very rarely compressed in the RPM. The cause of TOS was congenital bone variations in 36%, congenital fibromuscular anomalies in 11%, and position in 53%. In 5%, there was unilateral brachial plexitis in addition to compression of the neurovascular bundle. Severe cervical spondylosis was noted in 14%, contributing to TOS symptoms. For evaluation of patients with TOS, visualization of the brachial plexus and cervical spine and dynamic evaluation of neurovascular bundles in the cervicothoracobrachial region are mandatory. (orig.)

Aralasmak, Ayse; Sharifov, Rasul; Kilicarslan, Rukiye; Alkan, Alpay [Bezmialem Vakif University, Department of Radiology, Fatih/Istanbul (Turkey); Cevikol, Can; Karaali, Kamil; Senol, Utku [Akdeniz University, Department of Radiology, Antalya (Turkey)

2012-11-15

132

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a heart muscle disorder of unknown cause that is characterized pathologically by fibrofatty replacement of the right ventricular myocardium. Clinical manifestations include structural and functional malformations of the right ventricle, electrocardiographic abnormalities, and presentation with ventricular tachycardias with left bundle branch pattern or sudden death. The disease is often familial with an autosomal inheritance. In addition to right ventricular dilatation, right ventricular aneurysms are typical deformities of ARVD and they are distributed in the so-called ''triangle of dysplasia'', i. e., right ventricular outflow tract, apex, and infundibulum. Ventricular aneurysms at these sites can be considered pathognomonic of ARVD. Another typical hallmark of ARVD is fibrofatty infiltration of the right ventricular free wall. These functional and morphologic characteristics are relevant to clinical imaging investigations such as contrast angiography, echocardiography, radionuclide angiography, ultrafast computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Among these techniques, MRI allows the clearest visualization of the heart, in particular because the right ventricle is involved, which is usually more difficult to explore with the other imaging modalities. Furthermore, MRI offers the specific advantage of visualizing adipose infiltration as a bright signal of the right ventricular myocardium. MRI provides the most important anatomic, functional, and morphologic criteria for diagnosis of ARVD within one single study. As a result, MRI appears to be the optimal imaging technique for detecting and following patients with clinical suspicion of ARVD. (orig.)

2000-06-01

133

[Ophthalmoplegic migraine: MRI findings. Case report].  

Science.gov (United States)

Ophthalmoplegic migraine is a rare syndrome in which headache is associated with ophthalmoplegia and third, fourth or sixth cranial nerves palsy. It occurs most frequently in childhood and teenagers. At magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium (GD-DTPA) it may be observed a transitory enhancement of the affected nerve. We present the case of a male teenager, 16 years old, with typical medical history and enhanced signal at left oculomotor nerve in cisternal portion at MRI weighted in T1 with GD-DTPA. On the control exam, eighteen months later, there was no remarkable lesion. The enhancement of oculomotor nerve at MRI is always pathological and among the differential diagnosis we must include: neoplasia (lymphoma and leukemia), infections (AIDS, syphilis), inflammatory process (sarcoidose and Tolosa-Hunt syndrome) and vascular (posterior communicating artery aneurysm). PMID:15830088

Farage, Luciano; Castro, Mário Augusto Padula; Macedo, Túlio Augusto Alves; Borges, Paulo César Naves; Souza, Lincoln Pereira de; Freitas, Luiz Oliveira de

2005-03-01

134

Radiographic and MRI findings in ochronosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose. Ochronotic arthropathy is the articular manifestation of alkaptonuria, a rare hereditary metabolic disease that leads to the deposition of homogentisinic acid particularly in the joints where it causes articular degeneration and inflammation. We studied the radiological patterns of the disorder using both traditional X rays both MRI and comparing the results obtained with the two techniques. Materials and methods. The study included five patients (4 males, 1 female, mean age 51 years); we studied the most frequently affected sites, the knee, the shoulder and the spine. As regards the conventional study we used a radiographic score which considered the state of the articular space and the presence of calcifications. MRI of the peripheral joints was performed on the most symptomatic site or, if asymptomatic, on the most severely affected site as established by radiography; in all cases T1- and T2 weighted sequences in the axial, sagittal and coronal planes were acquired. Results. Both the X-ray and MRI study revealed the typical alterations of ochronosis in the cases with a known diagnosis: articular space narrowing up to osseous ankylosis, calcifications, osteophytosis, reactive sclerosis of the articular surfaces; MRI was how evermore accurate. in identifying the alterations and revealing lesions not visible at conventional radiology, such as ligament lesions. In the case of newly diagnosed ochronotic arthropathy MRI proved valuable for its ability to detect alterations that are poorly appreciable at conventional radiology. Conclusions. Modern diagnostic imaging, above all MRI, allowed to identify the peculiar characteristic features of ochronosis and is fundamental both for the diagnosis and for differentiating ochronosis from other articular disorders

2005-10-01

135

Functional cine MRI of the abdomen for the assessment of implanted synthetic mesh in patients after incisional hernia repair: initial results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of our study was to develop a method that allows the vizualiation and evaluation of implanted mesh in patients after incisional hernia repair with MRI. Furthermore, we assessed problems typically related with mesh implantation like adhesions and muscular atrophy. We enrolled 28 patients after incisional hernia repair. In 10 patients mesh implantation was done by laparoscopy (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene=ePTFE mesh) and in 18 by laparotomy (polypropylene mesh). Functional MRI was performed on a 1.5-T system in supine position. Sagittal and axial TrueFISP images of the entire abdomen were acquired with the patient repeatedly straining. Evaluation included: correct position and intact fixation of the mesh, furthermore visceral adhesions, recurrent hernia and atrophy of the rectus muscle. The ePTFE mesh was visible in all cases; the polypropylene mesh was not detectable. In seven of the ten ePTFE meshes the fixation was not intact; two recurrent hernias were detected. Twenty of 28 patients had intraabdominal adhesions. In 5 cases mobility of the abdominal wall was reduced, and 16 patients showed an atropy of the rectus muscle. Functional cine MRI is a suitable method for follow-up studies in patients after hernia repair. ePTFE meshes can be visualized directly, and typical complications like intestinal adhesions and abdominal wall dysmotility can be assessed reliably. (orig.)

2007-12-01

136

Functional cine MRI of the abdomen for the assessment of implanted synthetic mesh in patients after incisional hernia repair: initial results  

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The aim of our study was to develop a method that allows the vizualiation and evaluation of implanted mesh in patients after incisional hernia repair with MRI. Furthermore, we assessed problems typically related with mesh implantation like adhesions and muscular atrophy. We enrolled 28 patients after incisional hernia repair. In 10 patients mesh implantation was done by laparoscopy (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene=ePTFE mesh) and in 18 by laparotomy (polypropylene mesh). Functional MRI was performed on a 1.5-T system in supine position. Sagittal and axial TrueFISP images of the entire abdomen were acquired with the patient repeatedly straining. Evaluation included: correct position and intact fixation of the mesh, furthermore visceral adhesions, recurrent hernia and atrophy of the rectus muscle. The ePTFE mesh was visible in all cases; the polypropylene mesh was not detectable. In seven of the ten ePTFE meshes the fixation was not intact; two recurrent hernias were detected. Twenty of 28 patients had intraabdominal adhesions. In 5 cases mobility of the abdominal wall was reduced, and 16 patients showed an atropy of the rectus muscle. Functional cine MRI is a suitable method for follow-up studies in patients after hernia repair. ePTFE meshes can be visualized directly, and typical complications like intestinal adhesions and abdominal wall dysmotility can be assessed reliably. (orig.)

Fischer, Tanja [Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology, Munich (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Munich (Germany); Ladurner, Roland; Mussack, Thomas [Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Surgery and Traumatology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Munich (Germany); Gangkofer, Alexander; Reiser, Maximilian; Lienemann, Andreas [Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology, Munich (Germany)

2007-12-15

137

MRI findings in neuro-Behcet's disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AIM: To evaluate the pattern and site of involvement in neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with NBD were evaluated. Using 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), T1-weighted axial and sagittal images, gadolinium enhanced axial and coronal images and T2-weighted axial images were obtained. RESULTS: The brainstem, basal ganglia, cerebral white matter, internal capsule, thalamus and spinal cord were involved in eighteen, nine, nine, seven, six and two patients, respectively. In nine patients with cerebral white matter involvement, four had subcortical involvement and three had periventricular involvement, in addition to two patients with focal deep white matter lesions. Among the brainstem lesions, pons involvement was seen in fourteen patients, all had ventrally located lesions, and nine had tegmental involvement. Midbrain involvement was seen in fourteen patients; the cerebral peduncle was involved in 11 of these. Five patients had brainstem atrophy: two cases were demonstrated at initial MRI, the other three cases were seen on follow-up MRI. Pyramidal signs, the most common neurological signs, were demonstrated in fourteen patients. Follow-up MRI was obtained 10 days to 20 months after the initial MRI in eight cases; all showed changes in size, shape and site of involvement. After gadolinium enhancement, thirteen patients demonstrated mottled non-confluent enhancement in the brainstem (eight patients), posterior limb of the internal capsule (three patients), pachymeninges (two patients) and spinal cord (two patients). CONCLUSION: NBD manifests a reversible course, but chronic NBD may result in brainstem atrophy. Characteristic involvement along the corticospinal tract is well correlated with neurological signs. Lee, S. H. et al. (2001)

2001-06-01

138

MRI Findings of Pericardial Fat Necrosis: Case Report  

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Pericardial fat necrosis is an infrequent cause of acute chest pain and this can mimic acute myocardial infarction and acute pericarditis. We describe here a patient with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of pericardial fat necrosis and this was correlated with the computed tomography (CT) findings. The MRI findings may be helpful for distinguishing pericardial fat necrosis from other causes of acute chest pain and from the fat-containing tumors in the cardiophrenic space of the anterior mediastinum.

Lee, Hyo Hyeok; Ryu, Dae Shick; Jung, Sang Sig; Jung, Seung Mun; Choi, Soo Jung; Shin, Dae Hee [Gangneung Asan Hospital, Ulsan University College of Medicine, Gangneung (Korea, Republic of)

2011-06-15

139

Inflammatory pseudotumour of the spleen: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the CT and MRI findings of an inflammatory pseudotumour of the spleen, which is an extremely rare benign inflammatory lesion. CT scans obtained 1 h after contrast administration and T2-weighted MRI images clearly demonstrated the central fibrosis and peripheral granuloma of this lesion. (orig.)

1994-06-01

140

CT and MRI findings of ameloblastoma in two cases  

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We report CT and MRI findings in two patients with ameloblastoma. One case had a multilocular mixed lesion and the other had a unilocular solid pattern. The second case is probably one of the youngest reported. CT and MRI can be used to delineate and show the extent of the tumour. (orig.)

Cihangiroglu, M.; Akfirat, M.; Yildirim, H. [Department of Radiology, Firat University School of Medicine, Elazig (Turkey)

2002-05-01

 
 
 
 
141

Leigh syndrome: MRI findings in two children  

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Leigh syndrome is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of childhood. The symmetrical necrotic lesions in the basal ganglia and/or brainstem which appear as hyperintense lesions on T2-weighted MRI is characteristic and one of the essential diagnostic criteria. Recognising this MR imaging pattern in a child with neurological problems should prompt the clinician to investigate for Leigh syndrome. We present here two cases of Leigh syndrome due to different biochemical/genetic defects, and di...

Kartikasalwah, Al; Lh, Ngu

2010-01-01

142

CT and MRI findings of sinonasal hemangiopericytoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To determine the CT and MRI features of the sinonasal cavity. Methods: The CT and MRI of nine patients with histologically proved hemangiopericytoma in the sinonasal cavity were retrospectively reviewed. All nine patients underwent CT and seven of them underwent MRI. In addition, the time-intensity curve (TIC) of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI were analyzed in three patients. Results: The lesions were from the nasal cavity in 5 cases, the maxillary sinus in 3 cases, and the sphenoid sinus in one case. The lesions appeared spindle in 4 cases, oval in 3, and irregular in 2. The mean maximum diameter of the lesions was 31 mm (range, 15 to 52 mm). Seven hemangiopericytomas had well- defined margins and 2 had ill-defined margins. On plain CT, the lesions were isodense to gray matter in six (66.7%) and slightly hyperdense in three (33.3%) patients. Only two patients had post-contrast CT and the tumors showed marked enhancement. The lesions caused adjacent bony compression and absorption in 7 cases and bony destruction in 2. On MR T1WI, hemangioperieytomas appeared hypointense in 3 (42.8%) patients and isointense in 4 (57.2%) patients. On T2WI, the lesions appeared hyperintense in three (42.8%) patients and isointense in four (57.2%) patients. On T1WI, all the lesions showed relatively homogeneous signal, while 2 lesions revealed heterogeneous signal on T2WI. Hemangiopericytomas showed marked homogeneous contrast enhancement in 4 cases and heterogeneous contrast enhancement in 3. TIC showed a steady enhancement pattern in 3 patients. The lesions involved the orbit in 2 cases and, cavernous sinus, anterior skull base meninge, pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal fossa in one case. Five patients underwent follow-up for two to eight years after surgery. Two patients were found to have recurrence. Conclusions: Marked enhancement and steady enhancement pattern of TIC on MRI are typical manifestations of hemangiopericytoma of the sinonasal cavity. Bone changes may help to identify the nature of the lesion. Imaging can accurately detect the scope of hemangiopericytoma in this region. (authors)

2010-05-01

143

Non-traumatic peroneal nerve palsy: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To present magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of non-traumatic peroneal nerve palsy and to evaluate the usefulness of MRI in patients with non-traumatic peroneal nerve palsy. Materials and methods: In a retrospective study, 11 consecutive patients presenting with peroneal nerve palsy were included. MR images of the lower leg and electrophysiological examinations were also reviewed. The cause of peroneal nerve palsy was determined on the basis of MRI findings and was evaluated using electrophysiological data. Nine patients with causative lesions detected on MRI, underwent surgery. Results: Clinical examination and electromyography (EMG) disclosed 11 peroneal lesions. MRI and EMG revealed three types of signal intensity change, i.e. deep peroneal nerve palsy type, common peroneal nerve palsy type, and superficial peroneal nerve palsy type. The MRI and EMG findings were in agreement in seven (65%) of the 11 study patients. In nine patients the causative lesions were identified using MRI, including ganglion cyst (n = 6), osteochondroma (n = 1), synovial cyst (n = 1), and aneurysm (n = 1). Conclusion: Ganglion cyst is the most common cause of non-traumatic peroneal nerve palsy. MRI offers a noninvasive method for obtaining useful information to assess, localize, and monitor peripheral peroneal nerve palsy

2007-01-01

144

MRI findings in meningeal cysts of the vertebral column  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the MRI findings and to emphasise the contribution of MRI to the diagnosis of this rare pathology. MRI findings were evaluated according to a new classification that divides MCs into extradural cysts without (type 1) or with (type 2) spinal nerve root fibres and intradural cysts (type 3). Because of its high contrast resolution MRI can distinguish the three types of MC. The use of the different levels of signal intensity of the cyst and CSF in T2-weighted images to distinguish communicating from non-communicating MCs is illustrated. This diagnostic sign exploitats the signal loss due to flow phenomena of CSF pulsations on ungated sequences to reveal the communication of the MC with the SAS. We recommend MRI as the most sensitive and specific modality for the study of MCs. (orig.)

1993-10-01

145

CT and MRI findings in cerebral hydatid disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

CT is the primary modality for the diagnosis. Two forms of cerebral hydatid cysts have been reported on the basis of CT appearances: unilocular and multilocular. Demonstration of the cyst wall is important for the diagnosis. MRI is superior to CT for demonstrating the cyst capsule and perifocal oedema. We retrospectively reveiwed the CT and MRI findings of 6 surgically proven cases of cerebral hydatid cyst and compared the two modalities on the basis of their demonstration of findings helpful in the diagnosis, such as the capsule and perifocal oedema. In 1 case CT showed the capsule. In 2 cases MRI showed a hypointense capsule around the cyst on T2-weighted images. While CT is the modality of choice, in clinical practice MRI is superior for demonstrating the cyst capsule, which is a helpful finding in the diagnosis and can be used in inconclusive cases. (orig.)

1995-01-01

146

Medulloblastoma in children: CT and MRI findings  

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Our purpose was to determine whether medulloblastoma (MB) shows specific neuroradiological features which may be employed in differential diagnosis from other common posterior cranial fossa tumours in childhood. Preoperative MRI was performed on 20 children with MB, and preoperative CT in 17 of them. All underwent surgery and histopathological diagnosis. There was a constant relationship between high density on CT and low signal on T1-weighted images. Signal behaviour on T2-weighted images and the degree of contrast enhancement were more variable. Most tumours arose in the midline, from the cerebellar vermis, involving the fourth ventricle, but hemisphere and extra-axial neoplasms were also seen. The combination of high density on CT and low signal on T1-weighted images is highly suggestive of MB and may assist preoperative differential diagnosis from other posterior cranial fossa tumours. (orig.). With 9 figs., 2 tabs.

Tortori-Donati, P. [Department of Neuroradiology, Children`s Hospital ``G. Gaslini``, Largo G. Gaslini 5, I-16148 Genova (Italy); Fondelli, M.P. [Department of Neuroradiology, Children`s Hospital ``G. Gaslini``, Largo G. Gaslini 5, I-16148 Genova (Italy); Rossi, A. [Department of Neuroradiology, Children`s Hospital ``G. Gaslini``, Largo G. Gaslini 5, I-16148 Genova (Italy); Cama, A. [Department of Neurosurgery, Children`s Hospital ``G. Gaslini``, Largo G. Gaslini 5, I-16148 Genova (Italy); Caputo, L. [Department of Neurosurgery, Children`s Hospital ``G. Gaslini``, Largo G. Gaslini 5, I-16148 Genova (Italy); Andreussi, L. [Department of Neurosurgery, Children`s Hospital ``G. Gaslini``, Largo G. Gaslini 5, I-16148 Genova (Italy); Garre, M.L. [Department of Oncology, Children`s Hospital ``G. Gaslini``, Largo G. Gaslini 5, I-16148 Genova (Italy)

1996-05-01

147

Medulloblastoma in children: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our purpose was to determine whether medulloblastoma (MB) shows specific neuroradiological features which may be employed in differential diagnosis from other common posterior cranial fossa tumours in childhood. Preoperative MRI was performed on 20 children with MB, and preoperative CT in 17 of them. All underwent surgery and histopathological diagnosis. There was a constant relationship between high density on CT and low signal on T1-weighted images. Signal behaviour on T2-weighted images and the degree of contrast enhancement were more variable. Most tumours arose in the midline, from the cerebellar vermis, involving the fourth ventricle, but hemisphere and extra-axial neoplasms were also seen. The combination of high density on CT and low signal on T1-weighted images is highly suggestive of MB and may assist preoperative differential diagnosis from other posterior cranial fossa tumours. (orig.). With 9 figs., 2 tabs

1996-05-01

148

MRI findings in radiation-induced hepatic injuries  

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To evaluate radiation-induced hepatic injuries (RIHI), magnetic resonance image (MRI) was conducted on 12 patients, to 6 months after radiotherapy on regions including the liver. T1-weighted and T2-weighted image (T1WI, T2WI), and gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA)-enhanced T1WI well obtained. Within 1 week, these MRI studies were repeated after chondroitin sulphate iron colloid (CSIC) administration. MRI findings and total irradiation doses were compared. Abnormalities were seen on one or more types of MRI in 7 patients. The total dose of irradiation was 40 or more Gy in these patients, and 40 or less Gy in those who showed no abnormal MR findings. Plain T2WI of the 7 cases showing MRI abnormalities demonstrated a slightly higher signal intensity (SI) in the irradiated areas in 2, an iso SI in 2, a slightly lower or lower SI in 3 cases. The irradiated and nonirradiated areas were clearly demarcated on Gd-DTPA-enhanced T1WI in 4 cases. Following CSIC administration, the irradiated areas became more marked in 3 cases. A clear demarcation between the 2 areas was obtained with double contrast MRI in the 7 cases. The present study indicates that MRI may be a useful noninvasive means of evaluating RIHI. (author)

Suto, Yuji; Kato, Takashi; Yoshida, Kotaro; Sugihara, Shuji; Kamba, Masayuki; Ohta, Yoshio [Tottori Univ., Yonago (Japan). Faculty of Medicine

1996-11-01

149

MRI Findings of Flair Sequence in Epileptic Patients  

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Full Text Available Background/Objective: MRI FLAIR sequence has good results in comparison with MRI standard se-quences. We decided to study the findings of the epi-leptic patients in FLAIR sequence of MRI."nPatients and Methods: 104 patients with the history of previous seizure were studied. The brain MRI in these patients was performed at T1, T2, PD, and FLAIR sequences. "nResult: In our study, 63.47% of patients had abnormal MRI findings. Space occupying lesions were seen in 24%, brain vascular lesion in 16.35%, hippocampal sclerosis in 6.73%, brain degenerative lesion in 3.85%, sequel of old lesion in 6.73%, brain develop-mental malformation in 1.92%, and other lesions in 3.85%."nConclusion: FLAIR sequence of MRI has good results in comparison with standard MRI sequences in rec-ognizing the cerebral lesions at epileptic patients, es-pecially in low grade tumors. Seizure is one of the common demonstrations of these tumors. FLAIR se-quence is also a challenge on subtle localization re-covery, temporal lobe epilepsy.

S. Refahi

2008-01-01

150

MRI findings of cardiac metastasis of primary lung cancer  

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Full Text Available Cardiac metastasis is a rarely seen entity. Transthoracic echocardiography results may not always be sufficient for the diagnosis. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI plays an important role in the differential diagnosis, in defining the borders and invasion of the mass lesion and in demonstrating the effects of the mass on cardiac functions. Cardiac MRI findings of a right ventricle metastasis in a 64-year-old male with primary lung cancer are presented in this paper.

Yonca ANIK

2009-01-01

151

See-saw nystagmus and brainstem infarction: MRI findings  

Science.gov (United States)

A patient with see-saw nystagmus had a lesion localized by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to the paramedian ventral midbrain with involvement of the right interstitial nucleus of Cajal. This the first MRI study of see-saw nystagmus associated with a presumed brainstem vascular event. Our findings support animal and human studies suggesting that dysfunction of the interstitial nucleus of Cajal or its connections is central in this disorder.

Kanter, D. S.; Ruff, R. L.; Leigh, R. J.; Modic, M.

1987-01-01

152

Ossifying lipoma of the parapharyngeal space: CT and MRI findings  

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Ossifying lipomas independent of bone tissue are very rare. A literature review revealed that only few cases of ossifying lipoma independent of bone tissue have been reported. None of the cases have been reported in the international radiology literature. In addition, there are no reports concerning the MRI features of this entity. We describe CT and MRI findings in a case of ossifying lipoma of the parapharyngeal space. (orig.)

Minutoli, F.; Mazziotti, S.; Gaeta, M.; Vinci, S.; Blandino, A. [Inst. of Radiologic Sciences, University of Messina (Italy); Mastroeni, M. [Div. of Radiology, Messina (Italy)

2001-09-01

153

Wrist MRI Arthrogram v Wrist Arthroscopy: What are we Finding?  

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The aim of the study was to compare the radiological findings of wrist arthrogram with wrist arthroscopy. This allowed us to establish the accuracy (sensitivity, specificity) of MRI arthrogram as a diagnostic tool. Thirty patients (20 female and 10 male) have undergone both wrist MRI arthrogram and wrist arthroscopy over the last 3 years at a District General Hospital. The mean age at arthrogram was 42.4 years with an average 6.7 month interval between the two procedures.

Mahmood, Aatif; Fountain, James; Vasireddy, Naveen; Waseem, Mohammed

2012-01-01

154

Giant Breast Involvement in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: MRI Findings  

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Breast metastases in cases of leukemia are rare. We aimed to report the conventional-advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of unilateral breast involvement of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and review the literature. A 32-year-old woman was first diagnosed with ALL in treated in 2004. She did not continue the follow-up after 2008. She was presented with a giant, progressive right breast palpable mass in 2010. Mass, contralateral breast tissue were evaluated with MRI, diffusio...

Basara, Isil; Orguc, Sebnem

2012-01-01

155

Postnatal in-vivo MRI findings in anencephaly.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report on the MRI findings of an anencephalic infant who survived 10 weeks postnatally. MRI showed absence of the cranial vault, all supratentorial structures, and the cerebellum. A brainstem primordium without pontine prominence was present. The brainstem was surrounded by the area cerebrovasculosa. The absence of a pontine prominence in an anencephalic infant without cerebellar tissue supports the hypothesis that absent pontine prominence is found in children with a prenatal loss of cerebellar tissue. PMID:21445817

Poretti, A; Meoded, A; Ceritoglu, E; Boltshauser, E; Huisman, T A G M

2010-12-01

156

MRI findings and hematoma contents of chronic subdural hematomas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Twenty-six cases of chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) were studied with special reference to the magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings and the biochemical analysis of the hematoma contents. There were 5 cases of bilateral CSDH. An apparent history of head trauma was obtained in 13 cases. All cases were evaluated preoperatively with both computed tomography (CT) and MRI. MRI was studied with both T1-weighted (spin echo, TR/TE 600/15) imaging (T1WI) and T2-weighted (spin echo, TR/TE 3,000/90) imaging (T2WI). A biochemical analysis of the hematoma contents was assayed with regard to hematocrit (HT), the total protein (TP), methemoglobin (Met-Hb), the total cholesterol (Tchol), triglyceride (TG), fibrin and fibrinogen degradation products (FDP), Fe, and osmolarity (Osm). The CT findings were divided into four groups: 5 cases of low-density, 7 cases of isodensity, 13 cases of high-density, and 5 cases of mixed-density hematomas. The MRI findings were also divided as 18 cases of high-, 4 cases of iso-, and 2 cases of low-signal-intensity hematomas on T1WI. On T2WI, 18 cases were high-, 4 cases were iso-, and 2 cases were low-signal-intensity hematomas. Twelve cases were high-signal-intensity hematomas on both T1WI and T2WI. In comparison with the CT and MRI findings, hematomas of low and isodensity on CT showed high signal intensities on T1WI except in one case. The high-density hematomas on CT showed a variable signal intensity on MRI. The results of the biochemical analysis of hematoma fluid were compared with the MRI findings. The Ht value showed no apparent correlation with the MRI findings; however, increased values of TP in hematomas tended to show higher signal intensities on T1WI. The most apparent correlation was seen between the Met-Hb ratio and T1WI MRI. All hematomas containing >10% Met-Hb showed high signal intensities on T1WI. The CT, the MRI, and the results of the biochemic analysis of hematoma contents were presented in 3 cases. (J.P.N.)

1991-01-01

157

The value of MRI findings in augmented mammoplasty  

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The objective of augmentation mammography includes reconstruction and cosmesis after breast surgery. Increasing frequency of the procedure has been related with increased complications. Authors evaluated the value of breast MRI in the diagnosis of complications after augmentation mammoplasty. Authors studied 42 breasts of 24 patients, who had undertaken augmentation mammoplasty. We evaluated findings of mammography, ultrasonography, and breast MRI in all patients. We used variable MRI sequences for better evaluation of implant status. The results were compared with the findings in surgical field. In all imaging studies, nodule or mass was identifiable in the cases of interstitial paraffine injection (8 breasts), interstitial silicon injection (7 breasts), and herb medication (2 breasts). However, the differentiation between malignant and benign nodule was only possible at dynamic breast MRI. Mammogram was not helpful in the evaluation of extracapsular rupture in the cases of silastic bag insertion. In sonogram, identification of echogenic material was possible, although, false negative and false positive rate were high. MRI was able to visualize contour of entire implant and it was able to easily recognize low signal internal structure. MRI was the most accurate diagnostic tool in the evaluation of the character of the palpable mass after augmentation mammoplasty and early detection of breast implant rupture.

Yoon, Sang Wook; Oh, Ki Keun; Jung, Eun Ki; Kim, Ji Hyung [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1995-04-15

158

Clinical and MRI Findings in Acute Cerebellitis  

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Full Text Available Acute cerebellitis is an inflammatory syndrome characterized by cerebellar dysfunction with acute onset. Here, the clinical findings, conventional and diffusion-weighted MR imaging features of five cases are reported. The most common clinical findings were headache, vertigo, nausea and vomiting. Neurological examination revealed cerebellar ataxia, nystagmus, dysmetria and dysdiadokinesia. Analysis of the CSF showed an elevated protein content and pleocytosis. Bilateral cerebellar cortical involvement and leptomeningeal enhancement along the folia represent the most common imaging presentations. Diffusion- weighted MR imaging showed restricted diffusion in two patients. In one patient, diffusion- weighted MR imaging did not show restricted diffusion. All patients were treated medically. Additionally, external ventricular drainage was performed in one patient. Follow-up MR imaging revealed cerebellar atrophy in 1 patient and gliosis in 2 patients. Two patients completely resolved after medical therapy. In conclusion, brain MR imaging and diffusion- weighted MR imaging are valuable imaging methods in diagnosis of cerebellitis, assessment of complications and sequel lesions.

Özlem ALKAN

2009-12-01

159

MRI findings associated with luxatio erecta humeri  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Luxatio erecta humeri is a rare type of inferior glenohumeral dislocation with a unique radiographic appearance; however, the magnetic resonance imaging findings associated with this dislocation have not been described in the radiology literature. The purpose of this study is to identify magnetic resonance imaging findings associated with this uncommon type of glenohumeral dislocation. The magnetic resonance imaging features of four patients with clinical and radiographic evidence of luxatio erecta humeri were reviewed retrospectively by two musculoskeletal-trained radiologists. The reported mechanism of injury in all four patients was falling. The MR imaging examinations were evaluated for the presence of rotator cuff and biceps tendon pathology, glenoid labrum pathology, joint capsule and glenohumeral ligament injury, fractures and bone marrow contusions, articular cartilage injury, and joint effusions. All four patients demonstrated pathology of the glenohumeral joint. Three of the four patients demonstrated rotator cuff tears, including large full thickness tears of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons in two patients, and small full thickness tear of the supraspinatus tendon with partial thickness tear of the infraspinatus tendon in the third patient. In the two patients with large full thickness tears of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons, one patient demonstrated tearing of the subscapularis tendon with dislocation of a partially torn long head of the biceps tendon, and the second patient demonstrated full thickness tearing of the intra-articular biceps tendon. All four patients demonstrated injuries to the glenoid labrum and both anterior and posterior bands of the inferior glenohumeral ligament. Contusions or fractures of the humeral head were seen in two of the patients. Three of the four patients demonstrated cartilage abnormalities including a focal cartilage defect in the anterior inferior glenoid in one patient, and cartilage surface irregularity of the glenoid in the other two patients. Common magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with a prior luxatio erecta humeri dislocation include rotator cuff tears, injury to the glenoid labrum, and injury to both the anterior and posterior bands of the inferior glenohumeral ligament. These findings are compatible with the mechanism of dislocation in luxatio erecta, and noting these findings on magnetic resonance imaging may suggest that the patient has sustained a prior inferiorly directed glenohumeral dislocation such as luxatio erecta. (orig.)

2010-01-01

160

Masticator space lesions: MRI and CT findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We evaluated the MR and CT findings of the masticator space lesions in order to identify the differences among the malignant and benign tumors and infectious conditions. MR and CT findings in 46 cases with proven masticator space lesions were reviewed retrospectively. We analysed the involvement of masticator muscles, adjacent spaces, orbit and intracranium, homogeneity, necrosis, cystic changes, growth patterns, calcifications, enhancement patterns, MR signal intensity, and CT attenuation. Among the 29 cases of malignant tumors, seven cases were mandibular tumors including four chondrosarcomas, and 22 cases were extramandibular tumors. Malignant tumors of mandibular origin showed large masses with severe bone destruction and epicenter of mandible. Extramandibular malignant tumors showed the epicenter out of the mandible and less severe bone destruction than mandibular tumors. Among the nine benign tumors, four cases were ameloblastomas which showed the well-defined masses and the expansion of the mandible, and four cases were extramandibular tumors which showed well-marginated extramandibular masses with no bone destruction. Among the eight infectious conditions, five cases were mandibular osteomyelitis with or without abscess formations, and the other three cases were infections from adjacent soft tissue or limited to the soft tissue. By careful observations of growth patterns, involvement of the masticator and adjacent spaces, bone changes, and epicenter of the lesions, one can discriminate a mandibular lesion from an extramandibular lesion. With this approach, it is thought to be easier to suggest a diagnosis among a wide spectrum of masticator lesions

1995-02-01

 
 
 
 
161

Reliability of MRI findings in candidates for lumbar disc prosthesis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Limited reliability data exist for localised magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings relevant to planning of treatment with lumbar disc prosthesis and later outcomes. We assessed the reliability of such findings in chronic low back pain patients who were accepted candidates for disc prosthesis. On pretreatment MRI of 170 patients (mean age 41 years; 88 women), three experienced radiologists independently rated Modic changes, disc findings and facet arthropathy at L3/L4, L4/L5 and L5/S1. Two radiologists rerated 126 examinations. For each MRI finding at each disc level, agreement was analysed using the kappa statistic and differences in prevalence across observers using a fixed effects model. All findings at L3/L4 and facet arthropathy at L5/S1 had a mean prevalence <10% across observers and were not further analysed, ensuring interpretable kappa values. Overall interobserver agreement was generally moderate or good (kappa 0.40-0.77) at L4-S1 for Modic changes, nucleus pulposus signal, disc height (subjective and measured), posterior high-intensity zone (HIZ) and disc contour, and fair (kappa 0.24) at L4/L5 for facet arthropathy. Posterior HIZ at L5/S1 and severely reduced subjective disc height at L4/L5 differed up to threefold in prevalence between observers (p < 0.0001). Intraobserver agreement was mostly good or very good (kappa 0.60-1.00). In candidates for disc prosthesis, mostly moderate interobserver agreement is expected for localised MRI findings. (orig.)

2012-07-01

162

Reliability of MRI findings in candidates for lumbar disc prosthesis  

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Limited reliability data exist for localised magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings relevant to planning of treatment with lumbar disc prosthesis and later outcomes. We assessed the reliability of such findings in chronic low back pain patients who were accepted candidates for disc prosthesis. On pretreatment MRI of 170 patients (mean age 41 years; 88 women), three experienced radiologists independently rated Modic changes, disc findings and facet arthropathy at L3/L4, L4/L5 and L5/S1. Two radiologists rerated 126 examinations. For each MRI finding at each disc level, agreement was analysed using the kappa statistic and differences in prevalence across observers using a fixed effects model. All findings at L3/L4 and facet arthropathy at L5/S1 had a mean prevalence <10% across observers and were not further analysed, ensuring interpretable kappa values. Overall interobserver agreement was generally moderate or good (kappa 0.40-0.77) at L4-S1 for Modic changes, nucleus pulposus signal, disc height (subjective and measured), posterior high-intensity zone (HIZ) and disc contour, and fair (kappa 0.24) at L4/L5 for facet arthropathy. Posterior HIZ at L5/S1 and severely reduced subjective disc height at L4/L5 differed up to threefold in prevalence between observers (p < 0.0001). Intraobserver agreement was mostly good or very good (kappa 0.60-1.00). In candidates for disc prosthesis, mostly moderate interobserver agreement is expected for localised MRI findings. (orig.)

Berg, Linda; Espeland, Ansgar [Haukeland University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bergen (Norway); University of Bergen, Section for Radiology, Department of Surgical Sciences, Bergen (Norway); Neckelmann, Gesche [Haukeland University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bergen (Norway); Gjertsen, Oeivind [Oslo University Hospital, Department of Neuroradiology, Oslo (Norway); Hellum, Christian [Oslo University Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics, Oslo (Norway); University of Oslo, Department of Orthopaedics, Oslo (Norway); Johnsen, Lars G. [University Hospital of Trondheim, National Centre for Diseases of the Spine, Trondheim (Norway); University Hospital of Trondheim, Orthopaedic Department, Trondheim (Norway); Eide, Geir E. [Haukeland University Hospital, Centre for Clinical Research, Bergen (Norway); University of Bergen, Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care, Bergen (Norway)

2012-07-15

163

MRI findings of primary CNS lymphoma  

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We retrospectively reviewed magnetic resonance image findings of the primary CNS lymphomas in six patients. All patients showed parenchymal masses (n=8), a solitary mass in 4 and multiple in the other two. One patients showed leptomeningeal lesions. Parenchymal masses were located in forntal lobe (n=4), cerebellum (n=2), basal ganglia (n=1), and parietal lobe (n=1). There masses showed hypointensity on T1-weighted images (WI). On T2 WI, the signal intensity of mass was isointense to the brain parenchyma in 5 and hyperintense in 3. After Gadolinium-DTPA injection, seven lesions were enhanced homogeneously, and the margin of the mass was smooth in 5 and irregular in 3. Peritumoral edema was moderate in 4, absent in 3, and severe in 1. These characteristics may be useful in the diagnosis of primary CNS lymphoma.

Kim, Tae Myon; Suh, Dae Chul; Lee, Ho Kyu; Cho, Young Kuk; Choi, Ghee Young; Kim, Chang Jin [Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1993-07-15

164

MRI findings of primary CNS lymphoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We retrospectively reviewed magnetic resonance image findings of the primary CNS lymphomas in six patients. All patients showed parenchymal masses (n=8), a solitary mass in 4 and multiple in the other two. One patients showed leptomeningeal lesions. Parenchymal masses were located in forntal lobe (n=4), cerebellum (n=2), basal ganglia (n=1), and parietal lobe (n=1). There masses showed hypointensity on T1-weighted images (WI). On T2 WI, the signal intensity of mass was isointense to the brain parenchyma in 5 and hyperintense in 3. After Gadolinium-DTPA injection, seven lesions were enhanced homogeneously, and the margin of the mass was smooth in 5 and irregular in 3. Peritumoral edema was moderate in 4, absent in 3, and severe in 1. These characteristics may be useful in the diagnosis of primary CNS lymphoma

1993-07-01

165

CT and MRI findings of intraventricular neurocytoma  

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Intraventricular neurocytoma, a recently recognized benign primary cerebral tumor of young adults, can be confused with oligodendroglioma and other neoplasms. The purpose of this paper is to describe the characteristic CT and MR imaging findings of intraventricular neurocytoma. CT and MR imaging findings of five patients (M : F = 2: 3, ages 17-64, mean age 41) with intraventricular neurocytoma were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent CT scan and cerebral angiography. In four patients, MR imaging was performed and axial, sagittal, and coronal T1- and T2-weighted spin echo and gadolinium enhanced images were obtained. We evaluated the tumors with regard to location, size, shape, CT density, MR intensity, enhancement pattern, and internal texture such as calcification and cystic changes. All tumors were located in the lateral ventricles; especially around the foramen of Monro (four cases). Their size varied from 1.0 X 1.5cm to 4.0 X 3.0cm and all showed a lobulated appearance. On precontrast CT scan, all tumors showed heterogeneous density due to multiple intratumoral calcifications and cystic changes. MR imaging showed a heterogeneous signal with iso- or slight hyperintensity on T1-weighted and hyperintensity on T2-weighted image, relative to cerebral parenchyma. After contrast injection, varying degrees of enhancement were noted on both CT and MR images. An intraventricular mass with or without calcification and cystic changes in the anterior portion of the lateral ventricle is suggestive of intraventricular neurocytoma. MR imaging is better in defining the exact location and cystic changes of the tumor, whereas CT is better for the characterization of calcifications.

Kim, Ik Soo; Kim, Myung Soon; Lee, Chang Man [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1997-04-01

166

CT and MRI findings of intraventricular neurocytoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Intraventricular neurocytoma, a recently recognized benign primary cerebral tumor of young adults, can be confused with oligodendroglioma and other neoplasms. The purpose of this paper is to describe the characteristic CT and MR imaging findings of intraventricular neurocytoma. CT and MR imaging findings of five patients (M : F = 2: 3, ages 17-64, mean age 41) with intraventricular neurocytoma were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent CT scan and cerebral angiography. In four patients, MR imaging was performed and axial, sagittal, and coronal T1- and T2-weighted spin echo and gadolinium enhanced images were obtained. We evaluated the tumors with regard to location, size, shape, CT density, MR intensity, enhancement pattern, and internal texture such as calcification and cystic changes. All tumors were located in the lateral ventricles; especially around the foramen of Monro (four cases). Their size varied from 1.0 X 1.5cm to 4.0 X 3.0cm and all showed a lobulated appearance. On precontrast CT scan, all tumors showed heterogeneous density due to multiple intratumoral calcifications and cystic changes. MR imaging showed a heterogeneous signal with iso- or slight hyperintensity on T1-weighted and hyperintensity on T2-weighted image, relative to cerebral parenchyma. After contrast injection, varying degrees of enhancement were noted on both CT and MR images. An intraventricular mass with or without calcification and cystic changes in the anterior portion of the lateral ventricle is suggestive of intraventricular neurocytoma. MR imaging is better in defining the exact location and cystic changes of the tumor, whereas CT is better for the characterization of calcifications

1997-04-01

167

MRI findings of miliary tuberculosis of the brain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate MRI(Magnetic Resonance Imaging) findings of miliary tuberculosis of the brain Six patients with miliary tuberculosis of the brain diagnosed by characteristic clinical or laboratory findings were studied with spin echo MRI before and after contrast enhancement. We retrospectively evaluated MRI findings according to the appearance, distribution, location, and enhancement pattern of the granulomas as well as associated other abnormalities. In six patients, contrast-enhanced MRI of the brain showed numerous punctate, contrast enhancing lesions scattered throughout the brain. Unenhanced MRI failed to demonstrate small granulomas except a few small foci of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images. The shapes of enhancing granulomas were homogeneous nodular enhancement in 86% of cases and small ring enhancement in 14%. 98% of granulomas were smaller than 3-mm and 2% were larger. Although several lesions were located in the basal ganglia, thalamus, and brain stem, the majority were located in the subpial and subarachnoid space. There was no significant difference in distribution of granulomas between the supratentorial and the infratentorial areas. Other associated abnormalities were focal meningitis in five cases and focal cerebritis in one. On chest radiograph, all patients had miliary tuberculosis in the lungs. Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging showed numerous round, very small enhancing lesions scattered throughout the brain. The majority of lesions were located in the subpial and subarachnoid space. Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images are helpful in the detection and diagnosis of miliary disseminated tuberculous granulomas and meningitis

1996-07-01

168

Tuberculous tenosynovitis of the wrist: MRI findings in three patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report recent MRI findings in patients with tuberculous tenosynovitis of the wrist. Marked synovial thickening around the flexor tendons and fluid in the tendon sheath were clearly shown on MRI. Post-contrast study was useful in distinguishing the thick tenosynovium from the surrounding structures and fluid in the tendon sheath. The well-enhanced tenosynovium was also seen in the carpal tunnel in all cases. On the basis of these findings, we could easily distinguish tenosynovitis from other soft-tissue-mass lesions, such as tumors or infected ganglia. Tuberculous tenosynovitis is often not diagnosed early, and its differentiation from soft tissue tumors may be clinically difficult. MRI, particularly post-contrast study, is useful for early diagnosis of, and planning treatment for, tuberculous tenosynovitis. (orig.). With 3 figs

1996-08-01

169

Investigation of MRI findings of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate Mill findings of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome and evaluate the role of MRI in diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Methods: Seventeen cases of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, confirmed by clinical follow-up, were studied. MRI scanning of the brain and thin-slice MilI scanning of the cavernous sinus combined with contrast scanning were performed and compared with each other in all cases. Results: Enlarged cavernous sinus was found in thin-slice MRI combined with contrast scanning in all 17 cases, which showed isointense or mildly hypointense on both T1-weighted and T2-weighted images and markedly homogeneous enhancement on postcontrast T1-weighted imaging. Thin-slice MRI also showed the abnormalities of the superior orbital fissure in three cases, of the orbital apex in one case, and of both the superior orbital fissure and the orbital apex in three cases. Cavernous sinus segment of the internal carotid artery, encircled by the lesion was seen in six patients and localized narrowing of it was observed in four eases. However, abnormal appearances of the cavernous sinus were demonstrated in only eleven patients on MRI scanning of the brain. Therefore, thin-slice Mill combined with contrast scanning was superior to Mill scanning of the brain in evaluation of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (?2=4.17, P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with MRI scanning of the brain, thin-slice MRI scanning of the cavernous sinus combined with contrast scanning could better reveal the characteristic findings of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, contributing to diagnosis and differential diagnosis as well as follow-up. (authors)

2006-03-01

170

Purulent meningitis with unusual diffusion-weighted MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We describe unusual findings obtained by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a patient with acute purulent meningitis caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Along cerebral convexities and the Sylvian fissure, multiple small intense lesions showed high signal intensity in these sequences. This may be the first report of diffusion-weighted in purulent meningitis

2002-10-01

171

Purulent meningitis with unusual diffusion-weighted MRI findings  

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We describe unusual findings obtained by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a patient with acute purulent meningitis caused by penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Along cerebral convexities and the Sylvian fissure, multiple small intense lesions showed high signal intensity in these sequences. This may be the first report of diffusion-weighted in purulent meningitis.

Abe, M.; Takayama, Y. E-mail: y-taka@fki.fitweb.or.jp; Yamashita, H.; Noguchi, M.; Sagoh, T

2002-10-01

172

MRI Findings of Brucellar Spondylitis: A Case Report  

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Brucellosis is a systemic infectious disease, and musculoskeletal involvement is a frequent complication. Particularly, spondylitis is a common involvement. However, early diagnosis of brucellar spondylitis is often difficult due to non-specific clinical symptoms and long latent period. Especially in Korea, where tuberculosis is an endemic disease, differentiation between tuberculous and brucellar spondylitis is clinically and radiologically more challenging. A 59-year-old male cattle farmer, who presented with non-specific back pain, had spondylitis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and serologic test finally confirmed brucellar spondylitis. Therefore, we report a case of a rather rare disease in Korea, brucellar spondylitis with a review of MRI findings.

Kim, Jin Woo; Kim, Myung Soon; Kim, Young Ju [Dept. of Radiology, Wonju Christian Hospital, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju (Korea, Republic of)

2013-03-15

173

MRI Findings of Brucellar Spondylitis: A Case Report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Brucellosis is a systemic infectious disease, and musculoskeletal involvement is a frequent complication. Particularly, spondylitis is a common involvement. However, early diagnosis of brucellar spondylitis is often difficult due to non-specific clinical symptoms and long latent period. Especially in Korea, where tuberculosis is an endemic disease, differentiation between tuberculous and brucellar spondylitis is clinically and radiologically more challenging. A 59-year-old male cattle farmer, who presented with non-specific back pain, had spondylitis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and serologic test finally confirmed brucellar spondylitis. Therefore, we report a case of a rather rare disease in Korea, brucellar spondylitis with a review of MRI findings.

2013-03-01

174

Necrotizing fasciitis: unreliable MRI findings in the preoperative diagnosis  

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The authors present two cases of necrotizing fasciitis (NF), one case of dermatomyositis and one case of posttraumatic muscle injury, which have similar magnetic resonance imaging findings in terms of skin, subcutaneous fat, superficial and deep fasciae and muscle involvement. These cases highlight the need for cautious interpretation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, for they are nonspecific and the preoperative decision should be based mostly on the evolution of the clinical status.

Arslan, Arzu E-mail: arzuarslan@netscape.net; Pierre-Jerome, Claude; Borthne, Arne

2000-12-01

175

Necrotizing fasciitis: unreliable MRI findings in the preoperative diagnosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The authors present two cases of necrotizing fasciitis (NF), one case of dermatomyositis and one case of posttraumatic muscle injury, which have similar magnetic resonance imaging findings in terms of skin, subcutaneous fat, superficial and deep fasciae and muscle involvement. These cases highlight the need for cautious interpretation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, for they are nonspecific and the preoperative decision should be based mostly on the evolution of the clinical status

2000-12-01

176

Spongiform leucoencephalopathy after inhaling heroin vapor: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore CT and MRI features of spongiform leucoencephalopathy after inhaling 'heroin' pyrolysate, and to improve the diagnostic ability of the disease. Methods: Four patients, which inhaled heroin vapor, received the CT or MRI pre- and post-contrast scanning. MR sequences included conventional SE T1WI, T2WI, fluid attenuation inverse recover (FLAIR), and MRS. Results: All 4 cases had similar symmetrical lesions involving the cerebellum, lateral brainstem, cerebral peduncles, posterior limbs of internal capsule, splenium of corpus callosum, medial lemniscuses, and posterior cerebral white mattes without enhancement. The lesions showed hypodense on CT and hypointense on T1WI, hyperintense on T2WI and FLAIR. Cerebellar lesions were more serious than cerebral one, and the parieto-occipital lesions were serious than frontal one. MRS showed that the abnormalities in the white matter were degenerative changes, not necrosis. Conclusion: CT and MRI findings of this diseases are characteristic. Combined with the history, the disease can be diagnosed

2002-05-01

177

Cine club  

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Monday 13 December 2010 at 18:30 / Lundi 13 Décembre 2010 à 18:30 CERN Main Auditorium / Amphithéâtre Principal Comme chaque année avant Noël, le CINE-CLUB du CERN est heureux d’inviter petits et grands à une projection gratuite du film.   Ponyo sur la falaise (Japon, 2008, Hayao Miyazaki) Le petit Sosuke vit avec sa mère sur une haute falaise surplombant la mer. Un beau jour, il découvre sur la plage caillouteuse Ponyo, une petite fille poisson. Ponyo est si fascinée par Sosuke et le monde terrestre que son désir le plus cher est de devenir un être humain. Mais Fujimoto, son magicien de père, n’est pas du tout d’accord avec cette idée et il la force à regagner les profondeurs de l’océan. Bien décidée à revoir Sosuke, Ponyo s’&...

Ciné club

2010-01-01

178

Nodular fasciitis: correlation of MRI findings and histopathology  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To compare the histopathology of nodular fasciitis (NF) with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in order to evaluate the basis of the MR signal characteristics. Design and patients: Ten patients with NF, nine females and 1 male, with an age ranging from 13 to 58 years (mean 26.8 years) were studied. MRI findings, available in all 10 patients, were compared with the histopathology in nine patients, and an area-to-area comparative study of the whole specimen section histopathology and MRI was performed in two patients. Results: On the basis of an excisional biopsy or resection specimen, the nine lesions were classified into myxoid (n=4), cellular (n=3) and fibrous (n=2) subtypes. Four myxoid lesions with a subcutaneous location showed a homogeneous SI comparable with muscle on T1-weighted images, high SI on T2-weighted images, and had homogeneous enhancement. One cellular lesion presented with homogeneous, slightly higher SI than muscle on T1-weighted images and inhomogeneous, high SI on T2-weighted images. Alcian blue stain of the whole specimen section revealed the lesion had two parts corresponding to different enhancement patterns on MRI. The blue-stained myxoid part showed markedly diffuse enhancement, while the non-stained cystic space had only peripheral enhancement. Two other cellular lesions had the same appearance on both T1- and T2-weighted images and showed inhomogeneous, diffuse enhancement. One fibrous subtype lesion presented with inhomogeneous, overall slightly higher SI than muscle on T1-weighted images, lower SI at the periphery and high SI in the center on STIR images and only peripheral enhancement. Microscopy and CD-31 staining of the lesion showed more extracellular matrix, with poor vascularity in the center and more collagenous matrix with higher vascularity at the periphery. Conclusion: Although similar findings were found in some lesions, the large histologic variability of NF hampers the definition of a prototype of NF on MRI. However, the MRI appearance of the myxoid subtype is rather characteristic. Histologic findings reflect the different SI characteristics and enhancement pattern on MRI. (orig.)

2002-03-01

179

MRI findings of recurrent herpes simplex encephalitis in an infant  

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We report the MRI findings of a 2-year-old boy with recurrent herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). At the age of 14 months, the patient developed a high fever that lasted over 1 week and he did not receive appropriate treatment. At 6 months after the fever, MRI showed marked atrophic changes in both deep temporal lobes with hyperintensity in the hippocampi and parahippocampal gyri. Thirteen months after the first episode of the fever, the patient was diagnosed with recurrent HSE by polymerase chain reaction assay of the CSF; MRI at this time revealed diffuse cortical swelling. Hyperintensity on T2-weighted images was noted in the occipito-parietal cortex bilaterally, the left thalamus, the subcortical white matter and the splenium of the corpus callosum. Recurrence of HSE may be more common in infants than previously thought. It is important to consider the possibility of recurrent HSE and to understand that MRI findings in HSV1 encephalitis in infants and young children appear to differ from those observed in neonates, older children and adults. (orig.)

Tokumaru, Aya M.; Kaji, Tatsumi; Kohyama, Shinya; Sakata, Ikuko; Kusano, Shoichi [Department of Radiology, National Defence Medical College, 3-2 Namiki-Cho, 359-8513, Tokorozawa, Saitama (Japan); Horiuchi, Katsuyuki [Department of Paediatrics, National Defence Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama (Japan)

2003-10-01

180

Spinal epidural abscess: correlation between MRI findings and outcome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Our purpose was to determine if specific MRI findings in spinal epidural abscess (SEA), at the time of diagnosis, are associated with the clinical outcome. The clinical records and MRI studies of 18 patients with SEA were reviewed and follow-up was obtained from the outpatient medical record, telephone interview, or both. The association between findings on contrast-enhanced MRI and clinical outcome (weakness, neck or back pain, and incomplete functional recovery) was evaluated. With univariate analysis, narrowing of 50 % or more of the central spinal canal (P = 0.03), peripheral contrast-enhancement (P = 0.05), and abnormal spinal cord signal intensity (P = 0.05) were associated with weakness at follow-up. Persistent neck or back pain was associated with spinal canal narrowing (P = 0.02), peripheral contrast-enhancement (P = 0.02), and an abscess longer than 3 cm (P = 0.04) on MRI. Incomplete clinical recovery was associated with both abscess length (P = 0.01) and the severity of canal narrowing (P = 0.01). Abscess length, enhancement pattern, and severity of canal narrowing can be incorporated in a grading system that can be used to predict outcome. (orig.)

1999-12-01

 
 
 
 
181

Prognosis and MRI findings in patients with peripheral facial palsy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We examined a series of 21 peripheral facial palsy patients attempted to ( 17 Bell's palsy, 4 Hunt syndrome) with Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI and attempted to determine the relation between prognosis and MRI findings. We divided patients into two groups based on facial palsy scores of Japanese facial nerve research; a good group (G-Group) and a bad group (B-group). The G-group scored over 20 points on the 20th day after the first visit and the B-group under 20 points. G-group consisted of 9 Bell's palsy and 1 Hunt syndrome patients, and the B-group of 8 Bell's palsy and 3 Hunt syndrome patients. The averaged facial palsy score of both groups was analyzed every week during 4 weeks. Recovery from the palsy was better in the G-group than the B-group (P<0.05); the scores at the 4th week of the G- and B-groups were 32.6±15.2 and 7.8±7.4, respectively. The MRI findings of both groups were examined retrospectively. Nine of 10 G-group and nine of 11 B-group patients had abnormal contrast enhancement. The result of enhanced facial nerve segment was as follows: G-group, auditory canal 1, labyrinthine/geniculate 7, tympanic 7, mastoid 7: B-group, auditory canal 2, labyrinthine/geniculate 8, tympanic 8, mastoid 7. Our results indicate no relation between the prognosis and the MRI findings. Therefore, it is impossible to predict the prognosis of facial palsy from the results of Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI. (author)

1997-02-01

182

Functional cine MR imaging for the detection and mapping of intraabdominal adhesions: method and surgical correlation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence and localization of intraabdominal adhesions using functional cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to correlate the MR findings with intraoperative results. In a retrospective study, patients who had undergone previous abdominal surgery with suspected intraabdominal adhesions were examined. A true fast imaging with steady state precession sequence in transverse/sagittal orientation was used for a section-by-section dynamic depiction of visceral slide on a 1.5-Tesla system. After MRI, all patients underwent anew surgery. A nine-segment abdominal map was used to document the location and type of the adhesions. The intraoperative results were taken as standard of reference. Ninety patients were enrolled. During surgery 71 adhesions were detected, MRI depicted 68 intraabdominal adhesions. The most common type of adhesion in MRI was found between the anterior abdominal wall and small bowel loops (n = 22, 32.5%) and between small bowel loops and pelvic organs (n = 14, 20.6%). Comparing MRI with the intraoperative findings, sensitivity varied between 31 and 75% with a varying specificity between 65 and 92% in the different segments leading to an overall MRI accuracy of 89%. Functional cine MRI proved to be a useful examination technique for the identification of intraabdominal adhesions in patients with acute or chronic pain and corresponding clinical findings providing accurate results. However, no differentiation for symptomatic versus asymptomatic adhesions is possible. (orig.)

2008-06-01

183

Functional cine MR imaging for the detection and mapping of intraabdominal adhesions: method and surgical correlation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence and localization of intraabdominal adhesions using functional cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to correlate the MR findings with intraoperative results. In a retrospective study, patients who had undergone previous abdominal surgery with suspected intraabdominal adhesions were examined. A true fast imaging with steady state precession sequence in transverse/sagittal orientation was used for a section-by-section dynamic depiction of visceral slide on a 1.5-Tesla system. After MRI, all patients underwent anew surgery. A nine-segment abdominal map was used to document the location and type of the adhesions. The intraoperative results were taken as standard of reference. Ninety patients were enrolled. During surgery 71 adhesions were detected, MRI depicted 68 intraabdominal adhesions. The most common type of adhesion in MRI was found between the anterior abdominal wall and small bowel loops (n = 22, 32.5%) and between small bowel loops and pelvic organs (n = 14, 20.6%). Comparing MRI with the intraoperative findings, sensitivity varied between 31 and 75% with a varying specificity between 65 and 92% in the different segments leading to an overall MRI accuracy of 89%. Functional cine MRI proved to be a useful examination technique for the identification of intraabdominal adhesions in patients with acute or chronic pain and corresponding clinical findings providing accurate results. However, no differentiation for symptomatic versus asymptomatic adhesions is possible. (orig.)

Buhmann-Kirchhoff, Sonja; Reiser, Maximilian; Lienemann, Andreas [University Hospital Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Department of Clinical Radiology, Munich (Germany); Lang, Reinhold; Steitz, Heinrich O.; Jauch, Karl W. [University Hospital Munich-Grosshadern, Department of Surgery, Munich (Germany); Kirchhoff, Chlodwig [University Hospital Munich-Innenstadt, Department of Surgery, Munich (Germany)

2008-06-15

184

Long-Term MRI Findings in Operated Rotator Cuff Tear  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: To describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings at long-term follow-up after rotator cuff (RC) tear using standard MRI sequences without fat saturation. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight patients aged 55.8{+-}7.6 underwent MRI examination 4.6{+-}2.1 years after surgery for RC tear. Standard sequences in oblique coronal, oblique sagittal, and axial planes were obtained. The RC, including re-tears and tendon degeneration, was independently evaluated by two observers. Thickness of the supraspinatus tendon and narrowing of the subacromial space were measured. The clinical outcome was evaluated with the Constant score and compared with the MRI findings. Results: The RC tear was traumatic in 18 (64%) patients and degenerative in 10 (36%). At follow-up, 11 (39%) had normal RC tendons with good clinical outcome. Four (14%) patients had painful tendinosis without RC tear. A full-thickness RC tear was found in 7 (25%) patients and a partial tear in 6 (21%). In one patient with a full-thickness tear, and in two with partial tear, tendinosis was found in another of the RC tendons. The subacromial space was narrowed in 13 (46%) of the patients. A narrowing of the subacromial space correlated with re-tear (P<0.05). Conclusions: The RC may be evaluated with standard MRI sequences without fat saturation at long-term follow-up. A normal appearance of the RC is correlated with good clinical outcome, while re-tear and tendinosis are associated with pain.

Kyroelae, K.; Niemitukia, L.; Jaroma, H.; Vaeaetaeinen, U. [Kuopio Univ. Hospital (Finland). Dept. of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

2004-08-01

185

Long-Term MRI Findings in Operated Rotator Cuff Tear  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings at long-term follow-up after rotator cuff (RC) tear using standard MRI sequences without fat saturation. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight patients aged 55.8±7.6 underwent MRI examination 4.6±2.1 years after surgery for RC tear. Standard sequences in oblique coronal, oblique sagittal, and axial planes were obtained. The RC, including re-tears and tendon degeneration, was independently evaluated by two observers. Thickness of the supraspinatus tendon and narrowing of the subacromial space were measured. The clinical outcome was evaluated with the Constant score and compared with the MRI findings. Results: The RC tear was traumatic in 18 (64%) patients and degenerative in 10 (36%). At follow-up, 11 (39%) had normal RC tendons with good clinical outcome. Four (14%) patients had painful tendinosis without RC tear. A full-thickness RC tear was found in 7 (25%) patients and a partial tear in 6 (21%). In one patient with a full-thickness tear, and in two with partial tear, tendinosis was found in another of the RC tendons. The subacromial space was narrowed in 13 (46%) of the patients. A narrowing of the subacromial space correlated with re-tear (P<0.05). Conclusions: The RC may be evaluated with standard MRI sequences without fat saturation at long-term follow-up. A normal appearance of the RC is correlated with good clinical outcome, while re-tear and tendinosis are associated with pain

2004-08-01

186

MRI findings on de Quervain`s disease  

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de Quervain`s disease is a stenosing tenosynovitis affecting the first extensor compartment of the wrist. Conservative treatment including steroid injection is primarily indicated and satisfactory result can be obtained in most cases. However, it often fails in cases where fibrocartilagenous septum exists within the first compartment. Surgical release of the compartment and resection of the septum is recommended for these instances. The incidence of the septum in the compartment is reported to be about 30 to 40 per cent in normal population, though over 90 per cent in operative cases. In this study, MRI was employed to evaluate the anatomical variation in the first extensor compartment of the wrist in de Quervain`s disease. There were 13 hands in 5 men and 10 women. Their average age was 49.5 years old (19 to 76 y.o.). Axial T1 weighted MR images around the radial styloid process were obtained. Eight hands which resisted conservative treatment were operated on and first compartment was directly inspected. The other 5 were well treated with one or two steroid injection. In all operative cases, MRI revealed that the EPB tendon exists apart from the APL tendon surrounded with thick high intensity area. That finding correspond to the operative findings. That were fibrocartilagenous septum dividing the first compartment and dense synovium around the EPB tendon. On the other hands, in 5 hands which responded to steroid injection, EPB was identified only in 2 on MRI and could not be distinguished from APL in the other 3. Consequently, MRI provides useful information to make a strategy for treating de Quervain`s disease. In cases whose MRI show that EPB and APL are accommodated in one common canal non-surgical treatment should be continued while in the cases of separate EPB tunnel with surrounding proliferating synovium early operation might be considered. (author)

Murase, Tsuyoshi [Osaka National Hospital (Japan); Kitano, Keiji; Shimada, Kozo; Tokumaru, Hiroshi; Komi, Katsumi

1996-08-01

187

Rathke's cleft cyst: clinicopathological and MRI findings in 22 patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AIM: To evaluate clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of Rathke's cleft cyst (RCC) in 22 patients. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two patients were imaged using non-enhanced MRI and 17 underwent an additional contrast-enhanced MRI examination. Fifteen patients received an additional non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination, and amongst these, two underwent contrast-enhanced CT. Two radiologists read the images retrospectively. The imaging data were studied with regards to location, size, margin, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, haemorrhage, and presence of calcifications. Clinical data, such as presenting signs and symptoms, physical findings, and medical histories, were collected. Histopathological studies were performed and analysed by two pathologists. Results: Nine lesions were located in the intrasellar region, 12 in both the intra- and suprasellar regions and one in the suprasellar region. The maximum diameter of the RCCs varied from 0.7 to 4 cm, with an average size of 1.7 ± 0.7 cm. MRI features of RCC were divided into three groups based on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI): hypo- (n = 6), iso- (n = 9), and hyperintensity group (n = 7). Patients in the latter two groups were statistically younger than that in the former group. The lesion size in the iso- and hyperintensity groups was significantly less than that in the hypointensity group (F = 6.421, p = 0.007). Only two cases showed enhancement after contrast injection in the cohort. One lesion with haemorrhage was found as were two cases with intracystic nodules. Conclusion: Although MRI features of RCCs are variable, RCCs should be suspected when the following conditions occur: lesions located in the intrasellar region or involving both intra and suprasellar regions, less than 1.5 cm in diameter, iso- or hyperdense on T1WI and no signal enhancement after contrast injection. In addition, the first case of a RCC with a markedly enhanced intracystic nodule is reported.

2010-01-01

188

MRI findings of intraductal papillary neoplasm of intrahepatic bile ducts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To analyze the MR findings of intraductal papillary neoplasm of bile ducts (IPNB), and to improve the diagnostic accuracy. Methods: MRI findings of 19 cases of IPNB proven by histopathology were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Ten cases of intraductal papillary adenoma of the bile ducts and nine cases of intraductal papillary adenocareinoma were found at pathology. IPNB were intraductal tumors with numerous frondlike papillary projections. Some of them produced mucin that caused bitiary dilatation. Depending on the location of the tumor, dilatation of the entire biliary tree, disproportionate or aneurismal dilatation of the segmental or lobar bile ducts could occur. Nine cases showed aneurysmal dilation with multiple elongated or cordlike mass. Seven cases exhibited segmental bile duct dilation with filling defects. One case only showed dilatation of lobar bile ducts. Conclusion: MRI features of IPNB are helpful for distinguishing IPNB from other hepatic lesions. (authors)

2009-08-01

189

MRI findings of prolonged post-traumatic sternal pain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to characterize the different causes of prolonged sternal pain following thoracic trauma with involvement of the sternum and to define criteria for sternal nonunion diagnosis using MRI. Five patients with abnormalities of the sternum were evaluated for prolonged sternal pain following thoracic trauma using MRI. MR images were evaluated by two radiologists in consensus. The patients were selected from the radiology database, which included 8 patients with post-traumatic prolonged sternal pain. Two patients (n = 2) revealed a sternal nonunion after sternal fracture. One patient had a sternal fracture with delayed union and minor displacement of the sternal halves. Abnormal signal intensity alterations adjacent to and within the manubrio-sternal joint were evident in 2 patients and considered due to trauma-related changes in the manubrio-sternal joint. The 3 patients who were not included in the study had no abnormalities of the sternum: 1 of them proved to have a well-healed sternal fracture and nonunion of a rib fracture, 1 had subtle Tietze's syndrome, and 1 patient revealed no pathological findings on imaging. Various factors may be responsible for prolonged sternal pain following thoracic trauma, and these can be viewed with MRI. In cases of sternal nonunion there was common fluid-like signal in the fracture interspace between the bony edges, and the bone marrow adjacent to the nonunion showed altered signal intensity. MRI identified sternal nonunion and other trauma-related abnormalities of the sternum following chest trauma. (orig.)

2007-05-01

190

MRI findings in the cervical spine of healthy volunteers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We examined the MRI images of the cervical spine obtained in 117 normal volunteers. There were 66 males and 51 females, and their age range was 7-72 years old (mean age : 40 years). We evaluated the MRI images, for disc degeneration as manifested by using low signal intensity, posterior disc protrusion, narrowing of the disc space, foraminal stenosis, and hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum. MRI equipment used was a SIGNA 1.5T machine (GE), and sagittal T2-weighted images (repetition time (TR) 4000 ms, echo time (TE) 100 ms, Matrix 512 x 512, field of view (FOV) 24 cm x 24 cm) and axial T1-weighted images (TR 500 ms, TE 10 ms, Matrix 512 x 512, FOV 20 cm x 20 cm) were acquired. The evidence of degeneration of the cervical spine increased linearly with age, especially from 60 years of age onward. Disc degeneration was present in 67% of the disc in men and in 50% of the discs in the females under 20 years old. Narrowing of the disc space was present in 52%, posterior disc protrusion was present in 32%, foraminal stenosis was present in 13%, and hypertrophy of ligamentum flavum was present in 22%. Compression of the dural sac was observed in 44%, but spinal cord compression was observed only in 8%. The results show that care must be exercised when for interpreting the MRI findings in patients with symptomatic disorders of the cervical spine. (author)

2004-04-01

191

Brain MRI findings in infants with primary congenital glaucoma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Congenital glaucoma appears in the first months of life, eventually at birth. Isolated congenital glaucoma is characterized by minor malformations of the irido-corneal angle of the anterior chamber of the eye. Clinical manifestations include tearing, photophobia and enlargement of the globe appearing in the first months of life. Imaging technology such as optical coherence tomography and measurement of central corneal thickness may play an important role in the assessment of children with suspected or known glaucoma. However, no MRI findings of the CNS in patients with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) were reported in the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate MRI findings of the brain in infants with PCG. We reviewed the radiological and histopathological and clinical characteristics of infants with primary congenital glaucoma. The records of 17 patients with PCG were reviewed and the MRIs of the brain and associated manifestations were analyzed. Three patients with PCG had abnormal MRI findings suggesting agenesis of the corpus callosum. Two infants had delayed myelinization of the brain. Significant abnormal optic nerve excavation and increased corneal diameters in 2 patients with delayed myelinization may suggest that intraocular pressure can be more striking and more severe, revealing a close relationship with PCG and abnormal myelinization in white matter. Studies with more patients are needed to confirm these results. (author)

2007-01-01

192

MRI findings of tuberous sclerosis complex in pediatrics  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To analyze MRI characteristic features of tuberous sclerosis. Methods: There are 14 patients were examined by MR routine scan and 3 patients with enhancement, all patients were proven by clinical examination. Results: Subependymal nodules, were detected in all cases, which were most commonly along the lateral wall of the lateral ventricles. Cortical tubers were detected in 10 cases, the patterns of cortical tubers were gyral core lesion and H-shaped lesion on MRI. The abnormal findings of white matter were radial linear ore wedge-shaped or irregular type on MR images. Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas were detected in 2 cases, renal angiomyolipoma was detected in 1 case. Conclusions: MRI is sensitive to find the changes in imaging diagnosis of TSC and is the first choice among the diagnostic imaging modalities. T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and gradient echo sequences are more sensitive to the subependymal nodules than T2-weighted imaging (T2WI). T2WI and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) are more sensitive to find the cortical tubers and abnormal white matter than T1WI. (authors)

2006-05-01

193

Imaging Findings of Brain Death on 3-Tesla MRI  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To demonstrate the usefulness of 3-tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), T2*-weighted gradient recalled echo (GRE), and susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) in diagnosing brain death. Magnetic resonance imaging findings for 10 patients with clinically verified brain death (group I) and seven patients with comatose or stuporous mentality who did not meet the clinical criteria of brain death (group II) were retrospectively reviewed. Tonsilar herniation and loss of intraarterial flow signal voids (LIFSV) on T2WI were highly sensitive and specific findings for the diagnosis of brain death (p < 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively). DWI, TOF-MRA, and GRE findings were statistically different between the two groups (p = 0.015, 0.029, and 0.003, respectively). However, cortical high signal intensities in T2WI and SWI findings were not statistically different between the two group (p = 0.412 and 1.0, respectively). T2-weighted imaging, DWI, and MRA using 3T MRI may be useful for diagnosing brain death. However, SWI findings are not specific due to high false positive findings.

Sohn, Chul Ho [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hwa Pyung [Dept. of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, CHA Gumi Medical Center, CHA University, Gumi (Korea, Republic of); Park, Jun Beom [Dept. of Radiology, Korean Armed Force Daejeon Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Hyuk Won; Kim, Easlmaan; Park, Ui Jun; Kim, Hyoung Tae [Keimyung University College of Medicine, Dongsan Medical Center, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Eun Hee [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam (Korea, Republic of); Ku, Jeong Hun [Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15

194

Imaging Findings of Brain Death on 3-Tesla MRI  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To demonstrate the usefulness of 3-tesla (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), T2*-weighted gradient recalled echo (GRE), and susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) in diagnosing brain death. Magnetic resonance imaging findings for 10 patients with clinically verified brain death (group I) and seven patients with comatose or stuporous mentality who did not meet the clinical criteria of brain death (group II) were retrospectively reviewed. Tonsilar herniation and loss of intraarterial flow signal voids (LIFSV) on T2WI were highly sensitive and specific findings for the diagnosis of brain death (p < 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively). DWI, TOF-MRA, and GRE findings were statistically different between the two groups (p = 0.015, 0.029, and 0.003, respectively). However, cortical high signal intensities in T2WI and SWI findings were not statistically different between the two group (p = 0.412 and 1.0, respectively). T2-weighted imaging, DWI, and MRA using 3T MRI may be useful for diagnosing brain death. However, SWI findings are not specific due to high false positive findings.

2012-09-01

195

MRI and neurological findings in patients with spinal metastases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the recommended primary investigation method for metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). Initiating treatment before the development of motor deficits is essential to preserve neurological function. However, the relationship between MRI-assessed grades of spinal metastatic disease and neurological status has not been widely investigated. Purpose. To analyze the association between neurological function and MRI-based assessment of the extent of spinal metastases using two different grading systems. Material and Methods. A total of 284 patients admitted to our institution for initial radiotherapy or surgery for symptomatic spinal metastases were included in the study. Motor and sensory deficits were categorized according to the Frankel classification system. Pre-treatment MRI evaluations of the entire spine were scored for the extent of spinal metastases, presence and severity of spinal cord compression, and nerve root compression. Two MRI-based scales were used to evaluate the degree of cord compression and spinal canal narrowing and relate these findings to neurological function. Results. Of the patients included in the study, 28 were non-ambulatory, 49 were ambulatory with minor motor deficits, and 207 had normal motor function. Spinal cord compression was present in all patients with Frankel scores of B or C, 23 of 35 patients with a Frankel score of D (66%), and 48 of 152 patients with a Frankel score of E (32%). The percentage of patients with severe spinal canal narrowing increased with increasing Frankel grades. The grading according to the scales showed a significant association with the symptoms according to the Frankel scale (P < 0.001). Conclusion. In patients with neurological dysfunction, the presence and severity of impairment was associated with the epidural tumor burden. A significant number of patients had radiological spinal cord compression and normal motor function (occult MSCC)

Switlyk, M.D.; Hole, K.H.; Knutstad, K. [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: marta.switlyk@radiumhospitalet.no; Skjeldal, S.; Zaikova, O. [Department of Orthopedics, Oslo University Hospital, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Hald, J.K. [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo (Norway); Seierstad, T. [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo (Norway); Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud University College, Drammen (Norway)

2012-12-15

196

Cardiac MRI. Diagnostic gain of an additional axial SSFP chest sequence for the detection of potentially significant extracardiac findings in the cardiac MRI examination setting  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: Cardiac MRI (CMRI) is an effective method for imaging of the heart. The aim of our study was to assess whether an axial chest sequence in addition to the standard CMR examination setting has advantages in the detection of potentially significant extracardiac findings (PSEF). Materials and Methods: 400 consecutive patients were imaged at 1.5 T for clinical reasons. In addition to the standard long and short-axis views, an axial SSFP sequence was obtained covering the thorax from the lung apex to the diaphragm. All sequences were separately evaluated for PSEF. Results: A total of 25 PSEF were diagnosed in 400 patients, including 16 pleural effusions, a pulmonary fibrosis, a spondylodiscitis, ascites, lymphadenopathies, relapse of a mamma carcinoma, growth of adrenal glands metastases and diaphragmatic elevation. All 25 PSEF were detected by reading survey sequences. 24 of the 25 PSEF were detected by the additional SSFP chest sequence as well as the CINE sequences. Conclusion: In our study the additional axial SSFP chest sequence didn't show a benefit in the detection of PSEF. With the survey sequences we were able to detect all PSEF. We conclude that survey images should be assessed for additional findings. (orig.)

Roller, F.C.; Schneider, C.; Krombach, G.A. [University Hospital Giessen (Germany). Dept. Radiology; Schuhbaeck, A. [University Hospital Giessen (Germany). Dept. Cardiology; Rolf, A. [Kerckhoff Hospital Bad Nauheim (Germany). Dept. Cardiology

2014-01-15

197

Cardiac MRI. Diagnostic gain of an additional axial SSFP chest sequence for the detection of potentially significant extracardiac findings in the cardiac MRI examination setting  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Cardiac MRI (CMRI) is an effective method for imaging of the heart. The aim of our study was to assess whether an axial chest sequence in addition to the standard CMR examination setting has advantages in the detection of potentially significant extracardiac findings (PSEF). Materials and Methods: 400 consecutive patients were imaged at 1.5 T for clinical reasons. In addition to the standard long and short-axis views, an axial SSFP sequence was obtained covering the thorax from the lung apex to the diaphragm. All sequences were separately evaluated for PSEF. Results: A total of 25 PSEF were diagnosed in 400 patients, including 16 pleural effusions, a pulmonary fibrosis, a spondylodiscitis, ascites, lymphadenopathies, relapse of a mamma carcinoma, growth of adrenal glands metastases and diaphragmatic elevation. All 25 PSEF were detected by reading survey sequences. 24 of the 25 PSEF were detected by the additional SSFP chest sequence as well as the CINE sequences. Conclusion: In our study the additional axial SSFP chest sequence didn't show a benefit in the detection of PSEF. With the survey sequences we were able to detect all PSEF. We conclude that survey images should be assessed for additional findings. (orig.)

2014-01-01

198

Spirometer-controlled cine magnetic resonance imaging used to diagnose tracheobronchomalacia in paediatric patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is defined as an excessive collapse of the intrathoracic trachea. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing TBM; however it has major disadvantages, such as general anaesthesia. Cine computed tomography (CT) is a noninvasive alternative used to diagnose TBM, but its use in children is restricted by ionising radiation. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of spirometer-controlled cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an alternative to cine-CT in a retrospective study. 12 children with a mean age (range) of 12 years (7-17 years), suspected of having TBM, underwent cine-MRI. Static scans were acquired at end-inspiration and expiration covering the thorax using a three-dimensional spoiled gradient echo sequence. Three-dimensional dynamic scans were performed covering only the central airways. TBM was defined as a decrease of the trachea or bronchi diameter >50% at end-expiration in the static and dynamic scans. The success rate of the cine-MRI protocol was 92%. Cine-MRI was compared with bronchoscopy or chest CT in seven subjects. TBM was diagnosed by cine-MRI in seven (58%) out of 12 children and was confirmed by bronchoscopy or CT. In four patients, cine-MRI demonstrated tracheal narrowing that was not present in the static scans. Spirometer controlled cine-MRI is a promising technique to assess TBM in children and has the potential to replace bronchoscopy. PMID:23598953

Ciet, Pierluigi; Wielopolski, Piotr; Manniesing, Rashindra; Lever, Sandra; de Bruijne, Marleen; Morana, Giovanni; Muzzio, Pier Carlo; Lequin, Maarten H; Tiddens, Harm A W M

2014-01-01

199

Spirometer-controlled cine magnetic resonance imaging to diagnose tracheobronchomalacia in pediatric patients  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is defined as an excessive collapse of the intrathoracic trachea. Bronchoscopy is the gold standard to diagnose TBM, but bronchoscopy has major disadvantages, such as general anaesthesia. Cine-CT is a non-invasive alternative to diagnose TBM, but its use in children is restricted by ionizing radiation. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of spirometer-controlled cine-MRI as alternative to cine-CT in a retrospective study.12 children (mean 12 years, range 7-17), suspected to have TBM, underwent cine-MRI. Static scans were acquired at end-inspiration and expiration covering the thorax using a 3D SPGR sequence. 3D-Dynamic-scans were performed covering only the central airways. TBM was defined as a decrease of the trachea or bronchi diameter greater than 50% at end-expiration in the static and dynamic scans.The success rate of the cine-MRI protocol was 92%. Cine-MRI was compared with bronchoscopy or chest-CT in 7 subjects. TBM was diagnosed by cine-MRI in 7 out of 12 children (58%)and was confirmed by bronchoscopy or CT. In 4 patients, cine-MRI demonstrated tracheal narrowing that was not present in the static scans.Spirometer-controlled cine-MRI is a promising technique to assess TBM in children and has the potential to replace bronchoscopy.

Ciet, Pierluigi; Wielopolski, Piotr

2014-01-01

200

MRI findings of cyclops lesions of the knee  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Cyclops lesions develop in the anterior aspect of the intercondylar notch typically after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or injury. It is a lesion consisting of fibrous tissue with or without cartilage and bony components. A cyclops lesion is one of the causes for reduced extension [...] and, in the cases reported here, also knee pain or discomfort after ACL reconstruction. We present the MRI features, particularly the features on proton density weighted turbo spin echo (PDW TSE) and proton density weighted turbo spin echo fat saturation (PDW TSE FS) sequences of four cases of cyclops lesions, and distinguish between the MRI findings of large and small lesions. We also describe a cyclops lesion after a posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, not described in literature before.

Minné, C; Velleman, MD; Suleman, FE.

 
 
 
 
201

The diagnosis of breast implant rupture: MRI findings compared with findings at explantation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Study objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) as performed according to a strict study protocol in diagnosing rupture of silicone breast implants. Material and methods: The study population consisted of 64 women with 118 implants, who had participated in either one or two study MRI examinations, aiming at determining the prevalence and incidence of silent implant rupture, respectively, and who subsequently underwent explantation. Implant rupture status was determined by four independent readers and a consensus diagnosis of either rupture (intracapsular or extracapsular), possible rupture or intact implant was then obtained. Strict predetermined rupture criteria were applied as described in this report and findings at surgery were abstracted in a standardised manner and results compared. Results: At MRI, 66 implants were diagnosed as ruptured, nine as possibly ruptured and 43 as intact. Among the ruptured implants, 27 were categorized as extracapsular. At surgery, on average 297 days after the MRI, 65 of the 66 rupture diagnoses were confirmed, as were 20 of the cases with extracapsular silicone. Eight of the nine possibly ruptured implants were in fact ruptured at surgery. Thirty-four of the 43 intact implants were described as intact at surgery. When categorising possible ruptures as ruptures, there were one false positive and nine false negative rupture diagnoses at MRI yielding an accuracy of 92%, a sensitivity of 89%, and a specificity of 97%. Correspondingly, the predictive value of a positive MRI examination was 99% and the predictive value of a negative MRI examination was 79%. Conclusions: We conclude that MRI is highly accurate for identification of silicone breast implant rupture, with a high sensitivity and specificity when evaluation of images are based on presence of well-defined rupture criteria

2005-02-01

202

Measurement of ventricular volumes by cine magnetic resonance imaging in complex congenital heart disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Along with the remarkable improvement in surgical results for complex congenital heart disease (CCHD) in recent years, it has become increasingly important for pediatric cardiologist and cardiovascular surgeons to evaluate ventricular volumes in CCHD accurately to develop a proper strategy for treating these patients. However, the validity of geometric formulas to derive volumes in various morphological types of abnormal ventricles like those in CCHD has been problematic. This study assessed the validity and usefulness of cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for measuring right and left ventricular volumes using Simpson's rule in children with CCHD. Twenty-eight patients with CCHD (group A), children ranging in age from 4 months to 8 years (average 2.4 years) and 10 patients with morphologically normal ventricles (control; group B), ranging in age from 1 to 6 years (average 2.7 years) were evaluated. Cine MRI was performed by the GRASS methods (gradient recalled acquisition in steady state) at 0.5 T. The whole heart was encompassed by contiguous 7 or 10 mm transverse section. Ventricular volumes were calculated by adding luminal areas determined in each section at end-diastole and end-systole (EDV and ESV). Cine MRI findings of the right and left ventricular volumes were compared with those on ventriculogram. All cine MRI studies were considered diagnostic. Comparison of the RVEDV, RVESV, LVEDV and LVESV in both groups yielded a good correlation between cine MRI (Y) and ventriculography (X): RVEDV; Y=0.98X-0.49, r=0.98, RVESV; Y=0.89X+2.2, r=0.95, LVEDV; Y=0.97X+0.59, r=0.97, LVESV; Y=0.91X+0.56, r=0.95, Group B: RVEDV; Y=0.87X+4.9, r=0.93, RVESV; Y=0.91X+1.7, r=0.90, LVEDV; Y=1.1X-3.0, r=0.97, LVESV; Y=0.91X+0.6, r=0.93. These findigns indicate that cine MRI provides a suitable non-invasive means of quantifying right ventricular volume and left ventricular volumes in children with CCHD. (author)

1995-01-01

203

Incidental MRI Findings in Patients with Impaired Cognitive Function  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study aims to evaluate the incidental findings on brain MRI of patients with cognitive function impairments. We analyzed magnetic resonance (MR) findings of 236 patients with decreased cognitive function. MR protocols include conventional T2 weighted axial images, fluid attenuated inversion recovery axial images, T1 weighted coronal 3-dimensional magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition of gradient echo and diffusion tensor images. We retrospectively evaluated the signal changes that suggest acute/subacute infarction and space occupying lesions which show mass effect. Incidental MR findings were seen in 16 patients. Nine patients (3.8%) showed increased signal intensity on trace map of diffusion tensor images suggesting acute/subacute infarctions. Space occupying lesions were detected in 7 patients, and 3 lesions (1.27%) had mass effect and edema and were considered clinically significant lesions that diminish cognitive functions. Several incidental MR findings were detected in patients with decreased cognitive function, and the incidence of aucte/subacute infarctions were higher. Proper evaluations of MRI in patients with impaired cognitive functions will be helpful in early detection and management of ischemic lesions and space occupying lesions.

2013-01-01

204

Incidental MRI Findings in Patients with Impaired Cognitive Function  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study aims to evaluate the incidental findings on brain MRI of patients with cognitive function impairments. We analyzed magnetic resonance (MR) findings of 236 patients with decreased cognitive function. MR protocols include conventional T2 weighted axial images, fluid attenuated inversion recovery axial images, T1 weighted coronal 3-dimensional magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition of gradient echo and diffusion tensor images. We retrospectively evaluated the signal changes that suggest acute/subacute infarction and space occupying lesions which show mass effect. Incidental MR findings were seen in 16 patients. Nine patients (3.8%) showed increased signal intensity on trace map of diffusion tensor images suggesting acute/subacute infarctions. Space occupying lesions were detected in 7 patients, and 3 lesions (1.27%) had mass effect and edema and were considered clinically significant lesions that diminish cognitive functions. Several incidental MR findings were detected in patients with decreased cognitive function, and the incidence of aucte/subacute infarctions were higher. Proper evaluations of MRI in patients with impaired cognitive functions will be helpful in early detection and management of ischemic lesions and space occupying lesions.

Hwang, Yoon Joon [Dept. of Radiology, College of Medicine, Inje University, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

2013-01-15

205

CT and MRI findings of a spinal arachnoid cyst  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 39-year-old woman developed progressive difficulty in walking and urination over one year and 9 months. Her past history included a hystero-oophorectomy because of ''infection;'' the operation had been done under lumbar anesthesia. At the time of admission to our hospital, her legs were markedly spastic, with increased knee and ankle jerks as well as bilateral Babinski signs. Sensation to pain was slightly decreased bilaterally at and below Th4. Myelography through a suboccipital tap and CT myelography demonstrated a block of the CSF space at Th6. The spinal cord was displaced and became thin at and below Th1, secondary to an enlarged CSF space. Horizontal MRI demonstrated similar findings; however, sagittal MRI showed that the cord had been displaced and had collapsed; in addition, an abnormally enlarged CSF space indicated a subdural arachnoid cyst. MRI has thus been shown to be a very useful tool in the diagnosis of a spinal arachnoid cyst as well as other spinal-cord diseases. (author)

1986-01-01

206

MRI findings of prolonged post-traumatic sternal pain  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this study was to characterize the different causes of prolonged sternal pain following thoracic trauma with involvement of the sternum and to define criteria for sternal nonunion diagnosis using MRI. Five patients with abnormalities of the sternum were evaluated for prolonged sternal pain following thoracic trauma using MRI. MR images were evaluated by two radiologists in consensus. The patients were selected from the radiology database, which included 8 patients with post-traumatic prolonged sternal pain. Two patients (n = 2) revealed a sternal nonunion after sternal fracture. One patient had a sternal fracture with delayed union and minor displacement of the sternal halves. Abnormal signal intensity alterations adjacent to and within the manubrio-sternal joint were evident in 2 patients and considered due to trauma-related changes in the manubrio-sternal joint. The 3 patients who were not included in the study had no abnormalities of the sternum: 1 of them proved to have a well-healed sternal fracture and nonunion of a rib fracture, 1 had subtle Tietze's syndrome, and 1 patient revealed no pathological findings on imaging. Various factors may be responsible for prolonged sternal pain following thoracic trauma, and these can be viewed with MRI. In cases of sternal nonunion there was common fluid-like signal in the fracture interspace between the bony edges, and the bone marrow adjacent to the nonunion showed altered signal intensity. MRI identified sternal nonunion and other trauma-related abnormalities of the sternum following chest trauma. (orig.)

Grosse, Alexandra; Grosse, Claudia; Anderson, Suzanne [University Hospital of Berne, Department of Diagnostic, Pediatric and Interventional Radiology, Berne (Switzerland); Steinbach, Lynne [University of California San Francisco, Department of Radiology, San Francisco, CA (United States)

2007-05-15

207

Intracranial ganglioglioma: clinicopathological and MRI findings in 16 patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To record the clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of intracranial gangliogliomas in 16 patients. Materials and methods: Sixteen patients were imaged using unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Eight patients underwent unenhanced CT and of these, three underwent contrast-enhanced CT. Two radiologists read the images retrospectively. The images were studied with regard to location, size, margin, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, cystic changes, and presence of calcifications. Clinical data, such as presenting signs and symptoms, physical findings, and medical histories, were collected. Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies were performed and analysed by two pathologists. Results: In 12 cases the tumours were located in one of the cerebral hemispheres; in the other cases they were located in the brainstem, cerebellum, suprasellar area or the thalamus. The tumour dimension varied from 1-7 cm, with a mean of 3.6 cm ± 1.8 cm. The MRI features of ganglioglioma in the present cohort can be divided into three patterns: cystic (n = 2), cystic-solid (n = 6), and solid (n = 8). Solid lesions had a predilection for the temporal lobe; cystic and cystic-solid tumours had a wide anatomical distribution. Cystic lesions were significantly smaller than both cystic-solid and solid lesions (F = 4.28, P < 0.05). Cystic changes in the cystic-solid tumours showed one of the following patterns: those with walls showing contrast enhancement, those containing an enhancing nodule, or cysts without an obvious wall. The solid portion of cystic-solid gangliogliomas and the entire tumour in solid tumours showed homogeneous enhancement of variable degrees on T1-weighted (T1W) spin-echo (SE) images. Five tumours had mild or moderate oedema. In one patient two separate gangliogliomas were found, each lesion exhibiting different MRI features: solid and cystic-solid. One case of cortical ganglioglioma was found, causing bone erosion due to pressure. One tumour with chronic haemorrhage was found in the study. Conclusion: MRI features of gangliogliomas are non-specific. A ganglioglioma should be suspected when a tumour shows the following features: (1) a solid lesion located in the temporal lobes with mild or no oedema and homogeneous enhancement on SE T1W images; or (2) a small cystic lesion or cystic-solid mixed mass with a wall enhancement or a markedly enhanced nodule. We report a patient with two separate gangliogliomas and a case with bone erosion

2008-01-01

208

Intracranial ganglioglioma: clinicopathological and MRI findings in 16 patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To record the clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of intracranial gangliogliomas in 16 patients. Materials and methods: Sixteen patients were imaged using unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Eight patients underwent unenhanced CT and of these, three underwent contrast-enhanced CT. Two radiologists read the images retrospectively. The images were studied with regard to location, size, margin, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, cystic changes, and presence of calcifications. Clinical data, such as presenting signs and symptoms, physical findings, and medical histories, were collected. Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies were performed and analysed by two pathologists. Results: In 12 cases the tumours were located in one of the cerebral hemispheres; in the other cases they were located in the brainstem, cerebellum, suprasellar area or the thalamus. The tumour dimension varied from 1-7 cm, with a mean of 3.6 cm {+-} 1.8 cm. The MRI features of ganglioglioma in the present cohort can be divided into three patterns: cystic (n = 2), cystic-solid (n = 6), and solid (n = 8). Solid lesions had a predilection for the temporal lobe; cystic and cystic-solid tumours had a wide anatomical distribution. Cystic lesions were significantly smaller than both cystic-solid and solid lesions (F = 4.28, P < 0.05). Cystic changes in the cystic-solid tumours showed one of the following patterns: those with walls showing contrast enhancement, those containing an enhancing nodule, or cysts without an obvious wall. The solid portion of cystic-solid gangliogliomas and the entire tumour in solid tumours showed homogeneous enhancement of variable degrees on T1-weighted (T1W) spin-echo (SE) images. Five tumours had mild or moderate oedema. In one patient two separate gangliogliomas were found, each lesion exhibiting different MRI features: solid and cystic-solid. One case of cortical ganglioglioma was found, causing bone erosion due to pressure. One tumour with chronic haemorrhage was found in the study. Conclusion: MRI features of gangliogliomas are non-specific. A ganglioglioma should be suspected when a tumour shows the following features: (1) a solid lesion located in the temporal lobes with mild or no oedema and homogeneous enhancement on SE T1W images; or (2) a small cystic lesion or cystic-solid mixed mass with a wall enhancement or a markedly enhanced nodule. We report a patient with two separate gangliogliomas and a case with bone erosion.

Zhang, D. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Henning, T.D. [UCSF, Department of Radiology, Contrast Media Laboratory, San Francisco, CA, 94107 (United States); Zou, L.-G. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Hu, L.-B. [Department of Radiology, The Second Hospital of ChongQing, ChongQing 400000 (China); Wen, L. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China)], E-mail: cqzdwl@yahoo.com.cn; Feng, X.-Y. [Department of Radiology, HuaShan Hospital, Medical Center of FuDan University, ShangHai 200040 (China); Dai, S.-H.; Wang, W.-X.; Sun, Q.-R. [Department of Radiology, XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China); Zhang, Z.-G. [Department of Pathology, XinQiao Hosptial, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing 400037 (China)

2008-01-15

209

MRI findings of intracranial neurenteric cyst : cast report  

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Neurenteric cyst is very rare congenital disease and usually presents symptoms in adulthood. It can cause major neurological deficits if detection and treatment are delayed. It is also known to be a source of serious infection of the central nervous system. Neurenteric cyst is usually located in the ventral aspect of the lower cervical or upper thoracic spinal cord. Intracranial neurenteric cyst is very uncommon and less than 35 cases have been reported in the literature. We report MRI findings of two cases of intracranial neurenteric cyst and review the literature.

Jeong, Ae Kyung; Lee, Ho Kyu; Khang, Shin Kwang; Shin, Ji Hoon; Choi, Chong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2001-08-01

210

MRI findings of intracranial neurenteric cyst : cast report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neurenteric cyst is very rare congenital disease and usually presents symptoms in adulthood. It can cause major neurological deficits if detection and treatment are delayed. It is also known to be a source of serious infection of the central nervous system. Neurenteric cyst is usually located in the ventral aspect of the lower cervical or upper thoracic spinal cord. Intracranial neurenteric cyst is very uncommon and less than 35 cases have been reported in the literature. We report MRI findings of two cases of intracranial neurenteric cyst and review the literature

2001-08-01

211

Multidetector CT and MRI findings in periportal space pathologies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Periportal region is an anatomic space around portal vein comprising hepatic artery, bile duct, nerves, lymphatics and a potential space. Periportal pathologies may involve any of these structures diffusely or focally with characteristic radiologic findings. Radiologic findings can be helpful in differential diagnosis of pathologies of periportal structures including periportal cavernomatous transformation, hepatic artery aneurysm, biliary diseases, neurofibromatosis, lymphoma, langerhans' cell histiocytosis, periportal fatty infiltration and other causes of periportal halo in adult and pediatric patients. Lobar/segmental intrahepatic involvement can be seen in neurofibromatosis, cavernomatous transformation, fatty infiltration and periportal edema. In this review, we discuss CT and MRI findings of periportal pathologies which can be in the form of diffuse or segmental/lobar involvement. PMID:17123763

Karcaaltincaba, Musturay; Haliloglu, Mithat; Akpinar, Erhan; Akata, Deniz; Ozmen, Mustafa; Ariyurek, Macit; Akhan, Okan

2007-01-01

212

Eosinophilic Otitis Media: CT and MRI Findings and Literature Review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is a relatively rare, intractable, middle ear disease with extremely viscous mucoid effusion containing eosinophils. EOM is associated with adult bronchial asthma and nasal allergies. Conventional treatments for otitis media with effusion (OME) or for chronic otitis media (COM), like tympanoplasty or mastoidectomy, when performed for the treatment of EOM, can induce severe complications such as deafness. Therefore, it should be differentiated from the usual type of OME or COM. To our knowledge, the clinical and imaging findings of EOM of temporal bone are not well-known to radiologists. We report here the CT and MRI findings of two EOM cases and review the clinical and histopathologic findings of this recently described disease entity.

Chung, Won Jung; Lee, Jeong Hyun; Lim, Hyun Kyung; Yoon, Tae Hyun; Cho, Kyung Ja; Baek, Jung Hwan [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2012-06-15

213

Multidetector CT and MRI findings in periportal space pathologies  

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Periportal region is an anatomic space around portal vein comprising hepatic artery, bile duct, nerves, lymphatics and a potential space. Periportal pathologies may involve any of these structures diffusely or focally with characteristic radiologic findings. Radiologic findings can be helpful in differential diagnosis of pathologies of periportal structures including periportal cavernomatous transformation, hepatic artery aneurysm, biliary diseases, neurofibromatosis, lymphoma, langerhans' cell histiocytosis, periportal fatty infiltration and other causes of periportal halo in adult and pediatric patients. Lobar/segmental intrahepatic involvement can be seen in neurofibromatosis, cavernomatous transformation, fatty infiltration and periportal edema. In this review, we discuss CT and MRI findings of periportal pathologies which can be in the form of diffuse or segmental/lobar involvement.

Karcaaltincaba, Musturay [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey)]. E-mail: musturayk@yahoo.com; Haliloglu, Mithat [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akpinar, Erhan [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akata, Deniz [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Ozmen, Mustafa [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Ariyurek, Macit [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey); Akhan, Okan [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara 06100 (Turkey)

2007-01-15

214

Multidetector CT and MRI findings in periportal space pathologies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Periportal region is an anatomic space around portal vein comprising hepatic artery, bile duct, nerves, lymphatics and a potential space. Periportal pathologies may involve any of these structures diffusely or focally with characteristic radiologic findings. Radiologic findings can be helpful in differential diagnosis of pathologies of periportal structures including periportal cavernomatous transformation, hepatic artery aneurysm, biliary diseases, neurofibromatosis, lymphoma, langerhans' cell histiocytosis, periportal fatty infiltration and other causes of periportal halo in adult and pediatric patients. Lobar/segmental intrahepatic involvement can be seen in neurofibromatosis, cavernomatous transformation, fatty infiltration and periportal edema. In this review, we discuss CT and MRI findings of periportal pathologies which can be in the form of diffuse or segmental/lobar involvement

2007-01-01

215

Eosinophilic Otitis Media: CT and MRI Findings and Literature Review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Eosinophilic otitis media (EOM) is a relatively rare, intractable, middle ear disease with extremely viscous mucoid effusion containing eosinophils. EOM is associated with adult bronchial asthma and nasal allergies. Conventional treatments for otitis media with effusion (OME) or for chronic otitis media (COM), like tympanoplasty or mastoidectomy, when performed for the treatment of EOM, can induce severe complications such as deafness. Therefore, it should be differentiated from the usual type of OME or COM. To our knowledge, the clinical and imaging findings of EOM of temporal bone are not well-known to radiologists. We report here the CT and MRI findings of two EOM cases and review the clinical and histopathologic findings of this recently described disease entity.

2012-06-01

216

??????????????????MRI?????  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????——????MRI??(??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????“?????”???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

???

2013-12-01

217

Cardiac MRI: evaluation of phonocardiogram-gated cine imaging for the assessment of global und regional left ventricular function in clinical routine  

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To validate a phonocardiogram (PCG)-gated cine imaging approach for the assessment of left ventricular (LV) function. In this prospective study, cine MR imaging of the LV was performed twice in 79 patients by using retrospectively PCG- and retrospectively ECG-gated cine SSFP sequences at 1.5 T. End-diastolic volumes (EDV), end-systolic volumes (ESV), stroke volumes (SV), ejection fraction (EF), muscle mass (MM), as well as regional wall motion were assessed. Subgroup analyses were performed for patients with valvular defects and for patients with dysrhythmia. PCG-gated imaging was feasible in 75 (95%) patients, ECG-gating in all patients. Excellent correlations were observed for all volumetric parameters (r > 0.98 for all variables analysed). No significant differences were observed for EDV (-0.24 {+-} 3.14 mL, P = 0.5133), ESV (-0.04 {+-} 2.36 mL, P = 0.8951), SV (-0.20 {+-} 3.41 mL, P = 0.6083), EF (-0.16 {+-} 1.98%, P = 0.4910), or MM (0.31 {+-} 4.2 g, P = 0.7067) for the entire study cohort, nor for either of the subgroups. PCG- and ECG-gated cine imaging revealed similar results for regional wall motion analyses (115 vs. 119 segments with wall motion abnormalities, P = 0.3652). The present study demonstrates that PCG-gated cine imaging enables accurate assessment of global and regional LV function in the vast majority of patients in clinical routine. (orig.)

Nassenstein, Kai; Schlosser, Thomas [University Hospital Essen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Essen (Germany); Orzada, Stephan [University Duisburg-Essen, Erwin L. Hahn Institute for Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Essen (Germany); Haering, Lars; Czylwik, Andreas [University Duisburg-Essen, Department of Communication Systems, Duisburg (Germany); Zenge, Michael; Mueller, Edgar [Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen (Germany); Eberle, Holger; Bruder, Oliver [Elisabeth Hospital Essen, Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Essen (Germany); Ladd, Mark E.; Maderwald, Stefan [University Hospital Essen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, Essen (Germany); University Duisburg-Essen, Erwin L. Hahn Institute for Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Essen (Germany)

2012-03-15

218

Adult cerebellar medulloblastoma: CT and MRI findings in eight cases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor of neuroepithelial origin, which represents 15 to 30% of all pediatric brain tumors, and less than 1% of CNS adult neoplasms. We report the imaging findings of 8 adult patients with medulloblastoma. The mean age was 35 years, ranging from 20 to 65 years, and the male:female rate was 3:5. The tumors were predominantly lateral (63%, hyperdense on CT scans (83%, and on the MRI, hypointense on T1 (100% and hyperintense on T2 (80% weighted images. It was seen intratumoral necrosis and cysts in six cases and calcifications in three. Hydrocephalus was observed in 5 cases and brain stem invasion in four. The imaging findings of medulloblastomas in adults are different of those in child, and also nonspecific. Although these tumors are uncommon in adults, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of cerebellar masses in the posterior fossa of this age group.

Carvalho Neto Arnolfo de

2003-01-01

219

Adult cerebellar medulloblastoma: CT and MRI findings in eight cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Medulloblastoma is a brain tumor of neuro epithelial origin, which represents 15 to 30% of all pediatric brain tumors, and less than 1% of CNS adult neoplasms. We report the imaging findings of 8 adult patients with medulloblastoma. The mean age was 35 years, ranging from 20 to 65 years, and the male:female rate was 3:5. The tumors were predominantly lateral (63%), hyperdense on CT scans (83%), and on the MRI, hypointense on T1 (100%) and hyperintense on T2 (80%) weighted images. It was seen intratumoral necrosis and cysts in six cases and calcifications in three. Hydrocephalus was observed in 5 cases and brain stem invasion in four. The imaging findings of medulloblastomas in adults are different of those in child, and also nonspecific. Although these tumors are uncommon in adults, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of cerebellar masses in the posterior fossa of this age group. (author)

2003-06-01

220

MRI-cholangiography: techniques, normal and pathological findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Magnetic resonance imaging of bile and pancreatic ducts is a noninvasive technique. 2D and 3D rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (RARE) sequence allows analysis of the extra-hepatic bile ducts and the pancreatic duct when there is no dilatation. In case of dilatation, the entire pancreatic-biliary tree can be analysed. We use 2D HASTE (half Fourier acquisition single shot turbo spin echo) derived from the RARE sequence as a routine technique for cholangio-pancreatography. Normal findings and anatomic variants as well as pathological findings are presented here. Despite the current cost of the technique, MRI cholangio-pancreatography appears to be a major noninvasive technique in the diagnosis of abnormalities of the bile and pancreatic ducts. (authors)

1997-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Digital cine-imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Digitization of fluoroscopic images has been developed for the digital cine imaging system as a result of the computer technology, television technology, and popularization of interventional radiology. Present digital cine imaging system is able to offer images similar to cine film because of the higher operatability and better image quality with the development of interventional radiology. As a result, its higher usefulness for catheter diagnosis examination except for interventional radiology was reported, and the possibility of having filmless cine is close to becoming a reality. However several problems have been pointed out, such as spatial resolution, time resolution, storage and exchangeability of data, disconsolidated viewing functions, etc. Anyhow, digital cine imaging system has some unresolved points and lots the needs to be discussed. The tendency of digitization is the passage of the time and we have to promote a study for more useful digital cine imaging system in team medical treatment which centers on the patients. (author)

1992-11-01

222

MRI findings of uncommon non-hepatocyte origin primary liver tumours with pathological correlation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this article was to illustrate the MRI findings of uncommon non-hepatocyte origin primary liver tumours, correlate them with the pathological features and discuss differential diagnoses. In conclusion, the MRI findings of uncommon benign and malignant non-hepatocyte-origin primary liver tumours vary. Awareness of characteristic MRI features can aid differential diagnosis and prevent unnecessary surgery.

Kim, Y. C.; Park, M-s; Chung, Y. E.; Kim, M-j; Park, Y. N.; Kang, J-h; Kim, K. A.; Kim, K. W.

2010-01-01

223

Characteristic CT and MRI findings of intracranial chondroma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background. Intracranial chondromas are rare benign tumors. To date, few data are available on their neuroradiological features. Purpose. To describe a series of patients with intracranial chondroma and to analyze and discuss the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features that may distinguish chondromas from other intracranial neoplasms. Material and Methods. We retrospectively analyzed clinical and medical imaging data of six patients who had pathologically confirmed intracranial chondromas in our two institutions between July 2006 and September 2011. Both CT and MRI scanning were performed in all six cases. Results. Five tumors were located at the skull base and one originated from the falx. CT images revealed well-demarcated, irregular lobulated and variable density masses with obvious calci?cation (6/6), no or slight enhancement, without peritumoral edema, and frequently accompanied by erosion and destruction of surrounding bone (5/6). Tumor parenchyma appeared heterogeneously hypointense on T1WI, and hyperintense or mixed hyperintense and hypointense on T2WI, while the calcification appeared hypointense on T1WI and T2WI in five cases, demonstrating significant inhomogeneous enhancement on postcontrast MRI, which revealed the typical 'punica granatum seeds' sign. Only one case showed homogeneous low signal intensity on T1WI and high signal intensity on T2WI, and relatively uniform obvious enhancement on postcontrast scans. Conclusion. These characteristic CT and MR findings, combined with the location of the lesions and the history of a long duration of clinical symptoms, may prove helpful in differentiating intracranial chondromas from other more common tumors

2012-12-01

224

Characteristic CT and MRI findings of intracranial chondroma  

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Background. Intracranial chondromas are rare benign tumors. To date, few data are available on their neuroradiological features. Purpose. To describe a series of patients with intracranial chondroma and to analyze and discuss the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features that may distinguish chondromas from other intracranial neoplasms. Material and Methods. We retrospectively analyzed clinical and medical imaging data of six patients who had pathologically confirmed intracranial chondromas in our two institutions between July 2006 and September 2011. Both CT and MRI scanning were performed in all six cases. Results. Five tumors were located at the skull base and one originated from the falx. CT images revealed well-demarcated, irregular lobulated and variable density masses with obvious calci?cation (6/6), no or slight enhancement, without peritumoral edema, and frequently accompanied by erosion and destruction of surrounding bone (5/6). Tumor parenchyma appeared heterogeneously hypointense on T1WI, and hyperintense or mixed hyperintense and hypointense on T2WI, while the calcification appeared hypointense on T1WI and T2WI in five cases, demonstrating significant inhomogeneous enhancement on postcontrast MRI, which revealed the typical 'punica granatum seeds' sign. Only one case showed homogeneous low signal intensity on T1WI and high signal intensity on T2WI, and relatively uniform obvious enhancement on postcontrast scans. Conclusion. These characteristic CT and MR findings, combined with the location of the lesions and the history of a long duration of clinical symptoms, may prove helpful in differentiating intracranial chondromas from other more common tumors.

Duan, Fuhong; Qiu, Shijun; Liu, Zhenyin; Lv, Xiaofei; Feng, Xia; Xiong, Wei; An, Jie; Chen, Jing; Yang, Weicong; Wen, Chuhong [Department of Medical Imaging Center, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China)], E-mail: qiushijun006@163.com; Jiang, Jianwei; Chang, Jun [Department of Radiology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Wuxi, Jiangsu (China)

2012-12-15

225

Adhesive capsulitis: contrast-enhansed shoulder MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Evaluation of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) findings in cases clinically diagnosed as adhesive capsulitis (AC). CE-MRI images of 12 cases diagnosed as AC (13 shoulder joints) and nine control cases were retrospectively evaluated. AC diagnosis was establlished based on the history and clinical symptoms. MR signal intensity changes in the axillary pouch, rotator interval, biceps anchor and anterior posterior capsules were analysed with regard to the presence of abnormal soft tissue and contrast enhancement. Capsular and synovial thickening were measured in the axillary recess and rotator interval on coronal oblique CE T1-weighted images. Patient and control groups were compared by Fisher's exact and McNemar tests in terms of signal intensity changes and contrast enhancement in the described areas. Results: Comparison of the group with AC and the control group regarding intensity changes showed a statistically significant difference in the axillary pouch (P 0.05). Comparison of AC and control groups in terms of contrast enhancement revealed statistically significant differences in the axillary pouch, rotator interval, biceps anchor and anterior-posterior capsules (P < 0.001). A significant difference was determined between the AC and control groups with regard to thickening in axillary pouch and rotator interval (P < 0.001). CE studies are useful for diagnosis of AC as it demonstrates thickening of specific soft-tissue areas like joint capsule and synovium.

2011-04-01

226

Dobutamine cine magnetic resonance imaging after myocardial infarction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Dobutamine Cine MRI is a new diagnostic imaging technique in the pretreatment (revascularization) assessment of myocardial infarction patients. In this issue are reported the result of a comparative study of the diagnostic yield of dobutamine Cine MRI with that of stress echocardiography in the assessment of viable myocardium. A new method for analysis of Cine MR images, employing digital subtraction, aimed at decreasing subjectivity in the quantitative assessment of myocardial wall thickening. Twenty-six patients (21 men and 5 women) with a history of myocardial infarction who were scheduled for revascularization were submitted to stress echocardiography and dobutamine Cine MRI to evaluate contractile recovery of the segments considered akinetic or hypo kinetic at baseline echocardiography. Dobutamine was administered in growing doses (5, 10, 15?/kg/min). 16 segments of the left ventricle in each patient were considered. In the 416 segments studied, it was found that 307 normo kinetic, 64 scarred and 45 viable segments with stress echocardiography, versus 302 normo kinetic, 83 scarred and 31 viable segments with dobutamine MRI. Three months after revascularization 15 patients were examined to check contractile recovery of the segments considered as viable. Echocardiography had 79% sensitivity and 97% specificity, while Cine MRI had 96% and 86%, respectively. In patients with anteroseptal wall myocardial infarction stress echocardiography had 75% sensitivity and 97% specificity. Echocardiography permits to distinguish viable myocardium and scarred myocardial tissue with good sensitivity and specificity, but Cine MRI performs better. Cine MRI has much higher sensitivity than stress echocardiography and thus makes the technique of choice to evaluate viable myocardium in these sites. The digital subtraction technique is as accurate as manual measurements, but reduces the error rate and permits quicker evaluation, particularly in subendocardial thickening

1999-12-01

227

Cine phase-contrast MR angiography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this paper is to evaluate the usefulness of cine phase-contrast (PC) MR angiography in determining the patency of third ventriculostomies. Ten patients previously treated with a CT-guided stereotaxic third ventriculostomy for internal obstructive hydrocephalus underwent postoperative conventional MR imagining and cine PC MR imaging of cerebrospinal fluid flow. Cine PC imaging was performed to obtain two simultaneous cardiac-gated axial image sets in the inferior third ventricle and the interpeduncular-prepontine cistern. Superior-inferior flow encoding was used with a range of maximum velocity encodings between 5 and 20 cm/sec. Sixteen view through the cardiac cycle were obtained at each section level. In 8 to 10 patients, cine PC techniques unequivocally demonstrated patency of the third ventriculostomy. One patient with a nonfunctioning third ventriculostomy had symptoms and findings of hydrocephalus and required external shunting

1991-12-01

228

An isolated fourth ventricle in neurosarcoidosis: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report on an isolated enlargement of the fourth ventricle in a patient with neurosarcoidosis which developed 3 years after the insertion of a ventriculo-atrial shunt. Repeated MRI images were obtained in a patient with known neurosarcoidosis between 1995 and 2000. Imaging findings were correlated to the medical course of the patient, who developed a hydrocephalus and a trapped fourth ventricle consecutively. The isolation was presumably due to granulomatous inflammation of the ependyma surrounding the fourth ventricular outlets. The isolated fourth ventricle was responsible for a deterioration of neurological status. Neurosarcoidosis is a severe complication in sarcoidosis patients. An isolated enlargement of the fourth ventricle is a rare complication in clinically deteriorated patients with neurosarcoidosis and ventricular drainage, which may require neurosurgical treatment. (orig.)

2002-01-01

229

An isolated fourth ventricle in neurosarcoidosis: MRI findings  

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We report on an isolated enlargement of the fourth ventricle in a patient with neurosarcoidosis which developed 3 years after the insertion of a ventriculo-atrial shunt. Repeated MRI images were obtained in a patient with known neurosarcoidosis between 1995 and 2000. Imaging findings were correlated to the medical course of the patient, who developed a hydrocephalus and a trapped fourth ventricle consecutively. The isolation was presumably due to granulomatous inflammation of the ependyma surrounding the fourth ventricular outlets. The isolated fourth ventricle was responsible for a deterioration of neurological status. Neurosarcoidosis is a severe complication in sarcoidosis patients. An isolated enlargement of the fourth ventricle is a rare complication in clinically deteriorated patients with neurosarcoidosis and ventricular drainage, which may require neurosurgical treatment. (orig.)

Hesselmann, Volker; Terstegge, Klaus; Schulte, Oliver; Krug, Barbara; Lackner, Klaus [Department of Radiology, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50924 Cologne (Germany); Wedekind, Christoph [Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50924 Cologne (Germany); Voges, Juergen [Department of Stereotaxy und Functional Neurosurgery, University of Cologne, Joseph Stelzmann Strasse 9, 50924 Cologne (Germany)

2002-07-01

230

Assessing intra-fractional bladder motion using cine-MRI as initial methodology for Predictive Organ Localization (POLO) in radiotherapy for bladder cancer  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To assess the feasibility of using cine-MR to study intra-fractional time-volume and volume-deformity patterns of the bladder during radiotherapy as initial methodology for Predictive Organ Localization (POLO). Methods: Nine patients receiving radiotherapy for localized muscle invasive bladder cancer were prospectively studied. Each had an MR scan performed on an empty bladder using a T1 weighted cine sequence over a period of 20 min. Scans were taken prior to, and repeated towards the end of, radiotherapy treatment. Time-volume sequences were determined and compared before and during radiotherapy. Absolute bladder volumes were then correlated with changes in bladder wall position. Results: The mean post void residual bladder volume prior to radiotherapy at time 0 was 113 cm3 [SD 53] and this did not differ significantly during radiotherapy -106 cm [SD 40] (p = 0.24, paired t-test analysis). A linear relationship was observed for the rate bladder filling over a 20 min period, which did not significantly change on the cine-MR during radiotherapy (regression coefficient 2.1 vs 1.6, respectively, p 0.51). Significant positive relationships were seen between volume and anterior (p = 0.02), superior (p 3. The 1.5 cm CTV-PTV margin was sufficient to account for expansion in the majority of cases with the only breach occurring on the anterior wall in one patient. Conclusions: This study confirms the feasibility of using cine-MR for POLO. The development of such predictive methodology may compensate for the need to use an isotropic CTV-PTV margin to simply cover bladder filling when using image-guided radiotherapy

2007-11-01

231

Cine-Club  

CERN Multimedia

  On the occasion of CERN’s 60th anniversary the CERN CineClub will be showing films from all CERN member states Thursday 10 April 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber   The Bothersome Man     Directed by Jens Lien (Norway, 2006) 95 minutes   Forty-year-old Andreas arrives in a strange city with no memory of how he got there. He is presented with a job, an apartment-even a beautiful girlfriend. But before long, Andreas notices that something is wrong. The people around him seem cut off from any real emotion, and communicate only in superficialities. All this seems to be governed by a shadowy group of technicians, the ominous Caretakers’, who make sure the city runs smoothly. When they find Andreas is not adjusting to his new life, they keep an increasing watch over his activities...”The Bothersome Man” is a fantastic fable, a parable for modern society’s consumerism and obsession with ap...

CineClub

2014-01-01

232

MRI findings of multiple sclerosis involving the brainstem  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To describe MRI findings of multiple sclerosis involving the brainstem. Among 35 cases of clinically definite multiple sclerosis, the authors retrospectively analysed 20 in which the brainstem was involved. MR images were analysed with regard to involvement sites in the brainstem or other locations, signal intensity, multiplicity, shape, enhancement pattern, and contiguity of brainstem lesions with cisternal or ventricular CSF space. The brainstem was the only site of involvement in five cases (25%), while simultaneous involvement of the brainstem and other sites was observed in 15 cases (75%). No case involved only the midbrain or medulla oblongata, and simultaneous involvement of the midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata was noted in 12 cases (60%). The most frequently involved region of the brainstem was the medulla oblongata (n=13; 90%), followed by the pons (n=17; 85%) and the midbrain (n=16; 80%). Compared with normal white matter, brainstem lesions showed low signal intensity on T1 weighted images, and high signal intensity on T2 weighted, proton density weighted, and FLAIR images. In 17 cases (85%), multiple intensity was observed, and the shape of lesions varied: oval, round, elliptical, patchy, crescentic, confluent or amorphous were seen on axial MR images, and in 14 cases (82%), coronal or sagittal scanning showed that lesions were long and tubular. Contiguity between brainstem lesions and cisternal or ventricular CSF space was seen in all cases (100%) involving midbrain (16/16) and medulla oblongata (18/18) and in 15 of 17 (88%) involving the pons. Contrast enhancement was apparent in 7 of 12 cases (58%). In the brainstem, MRI demonstrated partial or total contiguity between lesions and cisternal or ventricular CSF space, and coronal or sagittal images showed that lesions were long and tubuler

2001-11-01

233

MRI and operative findings of spinal intramedullary tumors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The MRI findings of spinal intramedullary tumors are not yet established, so we tried to study these tumors, especially astrocytomas and ependymomas, which are the most common intramedullary spinal cord tumors, and to speculate how completely we could remove them. Astrocytomas were isointense on T1-weighted images and high-intense on T2-weighted images, and they were heterogeneously enhanced by Gd-DTPA. During the operation, the boundaries of the tumors were not clear, so they could not be totally removed. Ependymomas which were situated above the conus medullaris were isointense and high-intense on T1- and T2-weighted images respectively. The associated cysts were low- and high-intense on T1-and T2-weighted images respectively. Tumors were enhanced homogeneously by Gd-DTPA and were well-circumscribed, so the majority of the tumors could be removed totally. Ependymomas below the conus medullaris extended in the extramedullary direction from the bottom of the conus and developed downward, involving the cauda equina in 3 cases of the 4, 2 cases of which were myxopapillary ependymomas. On MRI they were isointense on the T1-weighted images, but on the T2-weighted images they were high-intense, including a low-intensity area which showed necrosis or a hemosiderin deposit of an old hemorrhage. Moreover they were enhanced by Gd-DTPA, remaining low-intense on the T2-weighted images. Since these tumors adhered tightly to the cauda equina, they could not be removed totally. (author)

1993-02-01

234

Intratemporal and extratemporal facial nerve schwannoma: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To analyze the characteristics of CT and MRI findings of facial nerve schwannoma in ten patients. Ten patients with pathologically confirmed facial nerve schwannoma, underwent physical and radilolgic examination. The latter involved MRI in all ten and CT scanning in six. We analyzed the location (epicenter), extent and number of involved segments of tumors, tuumor morphology, and changes in adjacent bony structures. The major symptoms of facial nerve schwannoma were facial nerve paralysis in seven cases and hearing loss in six. Epicenters were detected at the intraparotid portion in five cases, the intracanalicular portion in two, the cisternal portion in one, and the intratemporal portion in two. The segment most frequently involved was the mastoid (n=6), followed by the parotid (n=5), intracanalicular (n=4), cisternal (n=2), the labyrinthine/geniculate ganglion (n=2) and the tympanic segment (n=1). Tumors affected two segments of the facial nerve in eight cases, only one segment in one, and four continuous segments in one. Morphologically, tumors were ice-cream cone shaped in the cisternal segment tumor (1/1), cone shaped in intracanalicular tumors (2/2), oval shaped in geniculate ganglion tumors (1/1), club shaped in intraparotid tumors (5/5) and bead shaped in the diffuse-type tumor (1/1). Changes in adjacent bony structures involved widening of the stylomastoid foramen in intraparotid tumors (5/5), widening of the internal auditary canal in intracanalicular and cisternal tumors (3/3), bony erosion of the geniculate fossa in geniculate ganglion tumors (2/2), and widening of the facial nerve canal in intratemporal and intraparotid tumors (6/6). The characteristic location, shape and change in adjacent bony structures revealed by facial schwannomas on CT and MR examination lead to correct diagnosis

2001-05-01

235

Intratemporal and extratemporal facial nerve schwannoma: CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To analyze the characteristics of CT and MRI findings of facial nerve schwannoma in ten patients. Ten patients with pathologically confirmed facial nerve schwannoma, underwent physical and radilolgic examination. The latter involved MRI in all ten and CT scanning in six. We analyzed the location (epicenter), extent and number of involved segments of tumors, tuumor morphology, and changes in adjacent bony structures. The major symptoms of facial nerve schwannoma were facial nerve paralysis in seven cases and hearing loss in six. Epicenters were detected at the intraparotid portion in five cases, the intracanalicular portion in two, the cisternal portion in one, and the intratemporal portion in two. The segment most frequently involved was the mastoid (n=6), followed by the parotid (n=5), intracanalicular (n=4), cisternal (n=2), the labyrinthine/geniculate ganglion (n=2) and the tympanic segment (n=1). Tumors affected two segments of the facial nerve in eight cases, only one segment in one, and four continuous segments in one. Morphologically, tumors were ice-cream cone shaped in the cisternal segment tumor (1/1), cone shaped in intracanalicular tumors (2/2), oval shaped in geniculate ganglion tumors (1/1), club shaped in intraparotid tumors (5/5) and bead shaped in the diffuse-type tumor (1/1). Changes in adjacent bony structures involved widening of the stylomastoid foramen in intraparotid tumors (5/5), widening of the internal auditary canal in intracanalicular and cisternal tumors (3/3), bony erosion of the geniculate fossa in geniculate ganglion tumors (2/2), and widening of the facial nerve canal in intratemporal and intraparotid tumors (6/6). The characteristic location, shape and change in adjacent bony structures revealed by facial schwannomas on CT and MR examination lead to correct diagnosis.

Kim, Keum Won [Pohang Medical Center, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ho Kyu; Shin, Ji Hoon; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cheong, Hae Kwan [Dongguk Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2001-05-01

236

Sphenoid sinus ectopic pituitary adenomas: CT and MRI findings  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Ectopic pituitary adenomas (EPAs) are rare lesions. The purpose of this study was to describe the CT and MRI features of sphenoid sinus EPAs. Eight patients with histology-proven EPAs in the sphenoid sinus, all of whom underwent CT and MRI, were reviewed retrospectively. The following imaging features were analysed: (i) size, (ii) margin, (iii) CT attenuation characteristics and (iv) MRI signal intensity. In addition, the involvement of adjacent structures and the time–intensity curve (TIC)...

Yang, B. T.; Chong, V. F. H.; Wang, Z. C.; Xian, J. F.; Chen, Q. H.

2010-01-01

237

Neural network analysis of breast cancer from MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate how much the experience of radiologists affects the performance of an artificial neural network (ANN) trained by two highly experienced radiologists. Before biopsy two experienced radiologists reviewed the MR images of 100 adult patients with suspicious breast lesions and evaluated their findings based on six features. This database was then used to train a three-layered feed-forward neural network. The network`s generalizing ability was then tested to predict the outcome of biopsy in 56 new patients` records which were extracted by 10 participating radiologists. The MRI findings of each reader were presented to the ANN to evaluate the effect of various levels of experience on the output of the ANN. The performance of the ANN was then compared with that of attendant physicians in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy as well as ROC analysis. The best ANN outcome offered a correct diagnosis in 40 of 41 of the patients with malignant breast cancer and 10 of 15 with benign entity presented in the testing set. The output of the trained ANN outperformed the attendant radiologists with low levels of experience and showed comparable performance with radiologists with higher levels of experience. The ANN is able to work as a backup system to assist radiologists in the diagnosis of breast cancer. (author)

Abdolmaleki, P.; Buadu, L.D.; Murayama, Sadayuki; Murakami, Junji; Hashiguchi, Norihisa; Yabuuchi, Hidetake; Masuda, Kouji [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Medicine

1997-09-01

238

MRI findings of extracapsular spread in cervical lymph node metastasis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The extracapsular spread (ECS) in lymph node metastasis from head and neck cancer is a very important prognostic factor. However, diagnostic imagings of ECS in lymph node metastasis are rarely mentioned. We examined the characteristic findings of ECS in lymph node metastasis, using MRI. We studied 96 lymph nodes in 46 patients proven to have metastasis histopathologically. Fifty-one lymph nodes out of 96 were proven to be ECS histopathologically, and 45 other lymph nodes were non-ECS metastasis. We evaluated maximal longitudinal nodal length, the incidence of perinodal high intensity area (PNHIA) on STIR sequence and central necrosis with every ECS group and non ECS group. There were statistically significant differences between the ECS group and the non-ECS group in maximal longitudinal nodal length. It was suggested that maximal longitudinal nodal length may be a criterion of ECS. As the calculated maximum standard of non-ECS was 31.1 mm, we felt that this size may serve as a criterion of ECS. ECS smaller than our criteria was often found, histologically, in fact. Therefore, we proposed the importance of the PNHIA on STIR sequence. The incidence of this finding in the ECS group was higher than in the non-ECS group, with statistically significant differences. We felt that the presence of PNHIA on the STIR sequence may be a criterion of ECS. The incidence of central necrosis in the ECS group was higher than in the non-ECS group, with statistically significant differences. But, the incidence of this finding in the non-ECS group was also relatively high. It was suggested that this findings is not important criteria. (author)

2001-11-01

239

MRI findings of brain damage due to neonatal hypoglycemia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To report the MRI findings of brain damage observed in neonatal patients who suffered from isolated hypoglycemia and to explore the value of diffusion-weighted imaging(DWI) in early detection of neonatal hypoglycemic brain injury. Methods: Twelve neonates with isolated hypoglycemia (10 of the 12 were diagnosed to suffer from hypoglycemic encephalopathy) were enrolled in this study. They were first scanned at age from 3 days to 10 days with T1WI, T2WI and DWI(b is 0 s/mm2, 1000 s/mm2), and 4 of them were then scanned from 7 days to 10 days following the initial scan. All acquired MR images were retrospectively analysed. Results: First series of DWI images showed distinct hyperintense signal in 11 cases in several areas including bilateral occipital cortex (2 cases), right occipital cortex (1 case), left occipital cortex and subcortical white matter(1 case), bilateral occipital cortex and subcortical white matter (2 cases), bilateral parieto-occipital cortex (2 cases), bilateral parieto-occipital cortex and subcortical white matter(2 cases), the splenium of corpus callosum (4 cases), bilateral corona radiata( 2 cases), left caudate nucleus and globus pallidus (1 case), bilateral thalamus (1 case), bilaterally posterior limb of internal capsule (1 case). In the initial T1WI and T2WI images, there were subtle hypointensity in the damaged cortical areas (3 cases), hyperintensity in the bilaterally affected occipital cortex( 1 case) on T1 weighted images, and hyperintensity in the affected cortex and subcortical white matter with poor differentiation on T2 weighted images. The followed-up MRI of 4 cases showed regional encephalomalacia in the affected occipital lobes(4 cases), slightly hyperintensity on T2 weighted images in the damaged occipital cortex (2 cases), extensive demyelination (1 case), disappearance of hyperintensity of the splenium of corpus callosum (1 case), and persistent hyperintensity in the splenium of corpus callosum (1 case) on T2 weighted images. Conclusion: The findings suggest that posterior parieto-occipital regions are most frequently injured in neonatal period due to severe hypoglycemia. DWI is a useful technique in the early detection and evaluation of hypoglycemic brain injury of neonates. (authors)

2009-01-01

240

MRI reporting by radiographers: Findings of an accredited postgraduate programme  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To analyse the objective structured examination (OSE) results of the first three cohorts of radiographers (n = 39) who completed an accredited postgraduate certificate (PgC) programme in reporting of general magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) investigations and to compare the agreement rates with those demonstrated for a small group of consultant radiologists. Method: Forty MRI investigations were used in the OSE which included the following anatomical areas and abnormal appearances: knee; meniscal/ligament injuries, bone bruises, effusions and osteochondral defects; lumbar spine: intervertebral disc morphology, vertebral collapse, tumours (bone and soft tissue), spinal stenosis and/or nerve root involvement; internal auditory meati (IAM): acoustic neuroma. Incidental findings included maxillary polyp, arachnoid cyst, renal cyst, hydroureter, pleural effusion and metastases (adrenal, lung, perirenal and/or thoracic spine). Sensitivity, specificity and total percentage agreement rates were calculated for all radiographers (n = 39) using all reports (n = 1560). A small representative subgroup of reports (n = 27) was compared to the three consultant radiologists' reports which were produced when constructing the OSE. Kappa values were estimated to measure agreement in four groups: consultant radiologists only; radiographers and each of the consultant radiologists independently. Results: The sensitivity, specificity and agreement rates for the three cohorts (combined) of radiographers were 99.0%, 99.0% and 89.2%, respectively. For the majority (5/9) of anatomical areas and/or pathological categories no significant differences (p < 0.05) were found between the mean Kappa scores (K = 0.47-0.76) for different groups of observers, whether radiographers were included in the group analysis or not. Where differences were apparent, this was in cases (4/9) where the variation was either not greater than found between radiologists and/or of no clinical significance. These results suggest therefore that in an academic setting, these groups of radiographers have the ability to correctly identify normal investigations and are able to provide a report on the abnormal appearances to a high standard. Further work is required to confirm the clinical application of these findings.

2010-05-01

 
 
 
 
241

Application of phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging in endoscopic aqueductoplasty  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of phase-contrast cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in endoscopic aqueductoplasty (EA) for patients with obstructive hydrocephalus. The clinical diagnosis of hydrocephalus caused by aqueduct obstruction in 23 patients was confirmed by phase-contrast cine MRI examination. The patients were treated with EA and MRI was repeated during the follow-up. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow velocity in the aqueduct was measured to determine whet...

Chen, Guoqiang; Zheng, Jiaping; Xiao, Qing; Liu, Yunsheng

2013-01-01

242

Cine Club  

CERN Multimedia

Thursday 22 August 2013 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber The Angels’ Share Directed by Ken Loach (UK, 2012) Original version English; french subtitles; 101 minute This bitter sweet comedy follows protagonist Robbie as he sneaks into the maternity hospital to visit his young girlfriend Leonie and hold his newborn son Luke for the first time. Overwhelmed by the moment, he swears that Luke will not have the same tragic life he has had. Escaping a prison sentence by the skin of his teeth, he's given one last chance...While serving a community service order, he meets Rhino, Albert and Mo who, like him, find it impossible to find work because of their criminal records. Little did Robbie imagine how turning to drink might change their lives - not cheap fortified wine, but the best malt whiskies in the world. Will it be 'slopping out' for the next twenty years, or a new future with 'Uisge Beatha' the 'Water of Life?' Only the angels know.... Th...

Ciné Club

2013-01-01

243

Cerebellar ataxia of early onset. Clinical symptoms and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Eight cases of childhood cerebellar ataxia were reported. All these cases showed chronic cerebellar ataxia with early onset, and the other diseases of cerebellum such as infections, neoplasms and storage diseases were excluded by clinical symptoms and laboratory findings including blood counts, blood chemistry, lactate, pyruvate, ceruloplasmine, urinalysis, serum immunoglobulins, amino acid analysis in blood and urine, CSF analysis, leukocyte lysosomal enzymes, MCV, EMG, EEG and brain X-CT. Two pairs of siblings were included in this study. The clinical diagnosis were cerebellar type (5), spinocerebellar type (1), one Marinesco-Sjoegren syndrome and undetermined type (1). The age of onset was 1 to 5 years. The chief complaint was motor developmental delay in 6 cases; among them 5 patients could walk alone at the ages of 2 to 3 years'. Mental retardation was observed in 7 cases and epilepsy in 2. TRH was effective in 5 cases. The MRI study revealed that the area of medial sagittal slice of the cerebellum was reduced significantly in all cases and also that of pons was reduced in 5 cases. Different from typical adult onset spinocerebellar degenerations, most of the present cases have achieved slow developmental milestones and the clinical course was not progressive. Genetic factors are suspected in the pathogenesis of this disease in some cases. (author).

Yamashita, Sumimasa; Miyake, Shota; Yamada, Michiko; Iwamoto, Hiroko (Kanagawa Children' s Medical Center, Yokohama (Japan)); Yamada, Kazuhiko

1989-07-01

244

MRI and radiographic findings in Currarino`s triad  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Currarino`s triad is a rare complex of a congential sacral bony abnormality, anorectal malformation and a presacral mass. Intractable constipation since birth is the leading symptom of this triad, which follows an autosomal dominant mode of heredity. We report conventional radiographic and MR findings in one family consisting of a mother and her two daughters. In all three cases, radiography revealed an abnormality of the os sacrum, the so-called scimitar sacrum. MR examination, undertaken next in our institution, was applied with T1-, T2- and proton density weighted sequences in all three orientations before and after i.v. application of gadolinium diethylene-triamine-pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA). In two patients we were able to diagnose the complete form of the triad and in one patient an incomplete form. In any case of a radiographically diagnosed scimitar sacrum in combination with constipation. Currarino`s triad should be considered. MRI, as the method of choice, should be the next step to detect a presacral mass and any anomalies of the spinal canal. The importance of early recognition lies in the high morbidity and mortality rates resulting from this disorder. (orig.)

Pfluger, T. [Dept. of Radiology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Muenchen Univ. (Germany); Czekalla, R. [Dept. of Radiology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Muenchen Univ. (Germany); Koletzko, S. [Dept. of Pediatrics, Klinikum Innenstadt, Muenchen Univ. (Germany); Muensterer, O. [Dept. of Radiology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Muenchen Univ. (Germany); Willemsen, U.F. [Dept. of Radiology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Muenchen Univ. (Germany); Hahn, K. [Dept. of Radiology, Klinikum Innenstadt, Muenchen Univ. (Germany)

1996-08-01

245

CINE CLUB  

CERN Document Server

Thursday 7 October 2010 at 20:30 Jeudi 7 Octobre 2010 à 20:30 CERN Main Auditorium Amphithéâtre Principal Mystic River   By/de : Clint Eastwood (USA, 2003) 132 min With/avec : Sean Penn, Tim Robbins, Kevin Bacon, Laurence Fishburne, Marcia Gay Harden, Laura Linney   During a summer in 1975, Dave Boyle and two friends, Jimmy and Sean, are playing on a sidewalk in Boston when Dave is abducted by two men and subjected to sexual abuse over a period of several days. Eventually escaping, but haunted into adulthood by his trauma, Dave becomes a primary suspect when Jimmy's daughter, Katie, is found murdered. Sean, assigned to investigate the crime, finds himself facing both demons from the past and demons in the present as the circumstances surrounding Katie's death are uncovered.   Original version english with english subtitles Version originale anglaise soutitrée en anglais * * * * * * * Thursday 14 October 2010 at 20:30 ...

CINE CLUB

2010-01-01

246

CINE CLUB  

CERN Document Server

Thursday 11 November 2010 at 20:30 / Jeudi 11 Novembre 2010 à 20:30 CERN Main Auditorium / Amphithéâtre Principal LE CHOCOLAT By/de : Lasse Hallström (UK/USA, 2000) 121 min With/avec: Lena Olin, Juliette Binoche, Johny Depp, Judi Dench, Alfred Molina, Peter Stormare, Leslie Caron, Carrie-Anne Moss   Vianne Rocher and her young daughter are drifters who are met with skepticism and resistance when they move to a conservative town in rural France and open a chocolate shop during Lent. As Vianne begins to work her magic and help those around her, the townspeople are soon won over by her exuberance and her delicious chocolates - except for the mayor, who is determined to shut her down. When a group of river drifters visit the town, Vianne teaches the townspeople something about acceptance, and finds love for herself along the way. Original version english / french with german subtitles Version originale anglaise / française soutitr&...

CINE CLUB

2010-01-01

247

Conventional MRI Finding in a Case of Adhesive Shoulder Capsulitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the conventional magnetic resonance image findings in patients with adhesive shoulder capsulitis. The preoperative MR images of 76 patients with adhesive shoulder capsulitis that was also treated by arthroscopic capsule release. In contrast to the MR images of 25 control patients without adhesive shoulder capsulitis, the thickness and area of hyposignal intensity around the coracohumeral ligament (CHL), subcoracoidal fat, capsular thickness of the rotator interval, capsular thickness, and height of the axillary recess were measured. The existence of fluid in the axillary recess was also verified. Patients with adhesive capsulitis showed a significant increase in the thickness (average 10.57 mm vs. 5.88 mm, T=8.289, p<0.001), area (average 3.49 point vs. 0.96 point Z=7.775, p< 0.001) of hyposignal intensity around CHL, and a thickened joint capsule in the rotator interval (average 5.93 mm vs. 2.15 mm, Z=6.472, p< 0.001). The thickness of the hyposignal intensity around the CHL is about 10 mm or more and has a specificity of 96%, a sensitivity of about 55% in the area of hyposignal intensity from around the CHL, Seventy-five percent or more of cases, showed a 100%, 95%, complete obliteration of the subcoracoidal fat that was 96%, and a 50% thickness of the capsule. A rotator interval of 6mm or more had a 96%, 50% for the diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder. The capsular thickness and maximal height of axillary recess and the presence of fluid in the axillary recess was not significant in patients with adhesive shoulder capsulitis. Thickening of the hyposignal intensity around the CHL, subcoracoidal fat obliteration, and capsular thickening at the rotator interval, are characteristic MRI findings in adhesive shoulder capsulitis

2010-02-01

248

Cine Club  

CERN Multimedia

Wednesday 29 June 2011 at 20:30 CERN Council Chamber Arizona Dream  By/de : Emir Kusturica (USA/France, 1993) 142 min With/avec: Johnny Depp, Jerry Lewis, Fay Dunaway, Lily Taylor, Vincent Gallo A romantic comedy about the adventures of an innocent dreamer in the weird and colourful landscape of the American West. Caught between childhood and adulthood he finds himself back in his hometown where he becomes involved with a wealthy widow and her stepdaughter. Original version english; english subtitles Entrance : 2 CHF Projection from DVD http://cineclub.web.cern.ch/Cineclub/     Thursday 7 July 2011 at 20:30 CERN Council Chamber Burn After Reading  By/de : Ethan Coen and Joel Coen (USA/UK/France, 2008) 102 min With/avec: George Clooney, Frances McDormand, Brad Pitt, John Malkovich, Tilda Swinton Osbourne Cox, a Balkan expert, is fired at the CIA, so he begins a memoir. His wife wants a divorce and expects her lover, Harry, a philandering State Dep...

Ciné Club

2011-01-01

249

MRI and SPECT findings in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

MRI was performed in 21 patients and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with N-isopropyl-p-123I iodoamphetamine in 16 patients, to visualize upper motor neurone lesions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. T2-weighted MRI revealed high signal along the course of the pyramidal tract in the internal capsule and cerebral peduncle in 4 of 21 patients. SPECT images were normal in 4 patients, but uptake was reduced in the cerebral cortex that includes the motor area in 11. (orig.)

1992-10-01

250

Malignant brachial plexopathy: A pictorial essay of MRI findings  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

For imaging, the brachial plexus is a technically and anatomically challenging region of the peripheral nervous system. MRI has a central role in the identification and accurate characterization of malignant lesions arising here, as also in defining their extent and the status of the adjacent structures. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe the MRI features of primary and secondary malignant brachial plexopathies and radiation-induced brachial nerve damage.

Iyer Veena; Sanghvi Darshana; Merchant Nikhil

2010-01-01

251

Malignant brachial plexopathy: A pictorial essay of MRI findings  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available For imaging, the brachial plexus is a technically and anatomically challenging region of the peripheral nervous system. MRI has a central role in the identification and accurate characterization of malignant lesions arising here, as also in defining their extent and the status of the adjacent structures. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to describe the MRI features of primary and secondary malignant brachial plexopathies and radiation-induced brachial nerve damage.

Iyer Veena

2010-01-01

252

Teaching neuroimages: neonatal parechovirus encephalitis: typical MRI findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

A full-term 9-day-old girl presented with fever, irritability, and seizures. The routine CSF examination, cranial ultrasound, and laboratory tests were normal. Brain MRI showed diffuse white matter abnormality (figure). Human parechovirus (HPeV) type 3 was isolated in both CSF and blood. The neurodevelopmental outcome at 4 months is poor, and MRI shows an extensive cystic leukomalacia in the frontal white matter. PMID:24446179

Belcastro, Vincenzo; Bini, Paolo; Barachetti, Roberta; Barbarini, Mario

2014-01-21

253

CT and MRI findings of levamisole induced encephalopathy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the CT and MRI features of levamisole induced encephalopathy. Methods: The CT and MRI features of 6 cases with clinically proven levamisole induced encephalopathy were retrospectively analyzed. Gd-DTPA enhancement examinations were performed in 5 cases. CT examinations were performed in 4 cases before MRI. Results: MRI features: lesions were mainly located in bilateral periventricular and hypophloeodal white matter, scattered as multifocal lesions, and were different in sizes. Most of the lesions presented as irregular plaques (masses), with round/oval or spotty nodules in second. The lesions had low signal intensity on T1WI and high signal intensity on T2WI, and commonly without enhancement. Edema and mass effect were slight. CT features: Two cases showed multiple irregular plaque-sheet low density lesions scattered in bilateral periventricular white matter. One showed symmetrical low density in bilateral putamina nuclei. Another one was negative. Conclusion: CT and MRI are valuable for the diagnosis and differentiated diagnosis of levamisole induced encephalopathy. MRI has higher sensitivity and specificity than CT does, and can favorably evaluate the treatment and prognosis

2001-12-01

254

Neurotuberculosis: Hallazgos intracraneanos en RM / Neurotuberculosis: Intracranial MRI findings  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos. Mostrar nuestra casuística de pacientes con diagnóstico de tuberculosis intracraneana y describir los diferentes tipos de lesiones documentadas en Resonancia Magnética (RM) que caracterizan a esta entidad. Materiales y Métodos. Para el presente trabajo fueron seleccionados, de forma retro [...] spectiva, 20 pacientes con hallazgos positivos de tuberculosis intracraneana. Doce eran de sexo masculino y 8 de sexo femenino, con un rango etario de 8 meses a 49 años de edad (edad media: 21 años). El diagnóstico clínico fue realizado con punción lumbar y cultivo de LCR. Once pacientes presentaron serología positiva para VIH. Las RM fueron realizadas en resonadores de 0.5T y 1.5T, complementadas en dos casos con Tomografía Computada (TC) de cerebro. A dos pacientes se les realizó difusión (DWI) y a un paciente espectroscopía. Resultados. Del total de pacientes (n=20), 14 presentaron compromiso subaracnoideo en la convexidad y 13 compromiso subaracnoideo cisternal basal (afectación leptomeníngea). En 13 se observaron tuberculomas y 11 presentaron angeítis de grandes vasos; mientras que 7 tuvieron angeítis de pequeños vasos, 7 hidrocefalia, 6 infartos parenquimatosos y 1 afectación paquimeníngea. Quince pacientes tenían lesiones combinadas. Conclusión. La localización más frecuente de neurotuberculosis en esta serie fue meníngea con compromiso leptomeníngeo (14 pacientes con afectación subaracnoidea, seguido de afectación cisternal en 13 pacientes) y sólo en un caso fue paquimeníngea. La manifestación parenquimatosa más frecuente fue el tuberculoma (granulomas tuberculosos) con 13 casos. De estos, 5 presentaron un patrón miliar y sólo uno comportamiento pseudotumoral. Abstract in english Purposes. To report our case series of patients with a diagnosis of intracranial tuberculosis and to describe the different types of lesions characterizing this entity on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Materials and Methods. For the present study, we retrospectively selected 20 patients with posi [...] tive MRI findings of intracranial tuberculosis. Twelve of them were males and 8 were females, with an age range of between 8 months and 49 years (mean age: 21years). Clinical diagnosis was obtained by lumbar puncture and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture. Eleven patients presented positive HIV serology. MRIs were performed using 0.5T and 1.5 T scanners and computed tomography (CT) of the brain was also performed in two patients. Diffusion-weighted technique was performed in two patients and spectroscopy in one patient. Results. Of the total patients studied (n=20), 14 presented convexity subarachnoid involvement and 13 subarachnoid basal cystern involvement (leptomeningeal involvement), 13 presented tuberculomas, 11 large-vessel angiitis, 7 smallvessel angiitis, 7 hydrocephalia, 6 parenchymatous infarction and one pachymeningeal involvement. Combined lesions were observed in 15 patients. Conclusion. The most frequent location of neurotuberculosis in this series was meningeal with leptomeningeal involvement (14 patients with subarachnoid involvement, followed by cysternal involvement in 13 patients), and only one patient had pachymeningeal involvement. The most frequent parenchymatous finding of tuberculosis was tuberculoma in 13 patients, 5 with a miliary pattern and only one with pseudo-tumoral behavior.

Jorge, Docampo; Carolina, Mariluis; Nadia, González; Carlos, Morales; Claudio, Bruno.

255

MRI findings of vascular dementia following hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study reviewed 23 patients with vascular dementia following hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. There were 12 male and 11 female patients with an age range between 46 and 88 years (median, 62.6 years). They consisted of 9 putaminal, 9 thalamic and 5 recurrent hemorrhages. Vascular dementia was diagnosed by Hasegawa's test for the demented patient. Patients with Hasegawa's score of less than 21.5 were enrolled as dementia. A superconducting magnet MIR system (MRT-50A, 0.5 Tesla) was used. The highest incidence of finding depicted by MRI was cortical atrophy (100%), followed by periventricular high intensity zone (91.3%), periventricular of deep white matter patchy-like high intensity area (73.9%), hydrocephalus and multiple putaminal low intensity spots (52.1%), scattered cortical high intensity area (47.8%) and subdural ring-like high intensity zone (21.7%). Older group of more than 71 years had more frequent multiple putaminal low intensity spots, scattered cortical high intensity area, and relatively frequent hydrocephalus, periventricular high intensity zone, as compared with younger group of less than 69 years. Subdural ring-like high intensity zone was frequently observed in patients with an interval from onset of more than 2 years. Multiple putaminal low intensity spots were frequently seen in patients with less than 1 year's interval. Multiple putaminal low intensity spots and periventricular high intensity zone were more frequently observed in patients with thalamic and recurrent hemorrhages, periventricular or deep white matter patchy-like high intensity areas were seen more frequently in patients with putaminal hemorrhage. Both scattered cortical high intensity area and subdural ring-like high intensity zone were more frequently observed in patients with recurrent hemorrhages. Both hydrocephalus and multiple putaminal low intensity spots were more common in demented patients than predemented patients. (J.P.N.)

1990-01-01

256

MRI findings in spinal subdural and epidural hematomas  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background: Spinal hematomas are rare entities that can be the cause of an acute spinal cord compression syndrome. Therefore, an early diagnosis is of great importance. Patients and Methods: From 2001 to 2005 seven patients with intense back pain and/or acute progressive neurological deficit were studied via 1.5 T MRI (in axial and sagittal T1- and T2-weighted sequences). Follow-up MRI was obtained in six patients. Results: Four patients showed the MRI features of a hyperacute spinal hematoma (two spinal subdural hematoma [SSH] and two spinal epidural hematoma [SEH]), isointense to the spinal cord on T1- and hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences. One patient had an early subacute SEH manifest as heterogeneous signal intensity with areas of high signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images. Another patient had a late subacute SSH with high signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted sequences. The final patient had a SEH in the late chronic phase being hypointense on T1- and T2-weighted sequences. Discussion: MRI is valuable in diagnosing the presence, location and extent of spinal hematomas. Hyperacute spinal hematoma and the differentiation between SSH and SEH are particular diagnostic challenges. In addition, MRI is an important tool in the follow-up in patients with conservative treatment.

Braun, Petra [Department of Radiology, Hospital La Plana, Ctra. De Vila-real a Borriana km. 0.5, 12540 Vila-real (Castello) (Spain)], E-mail: PetraBraun@gmx.de; Kazmi, Khuram [Department of Radiology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033 (United States); Nogues-Melendez, Pablo; Mas-Estelles, Fernando; Aparici-Robles, Fernando [Department of Radiology, La Fe Hospital, Avenida Campanar, 21, 46009 Valencia (Spain)

2007-10-15

257

Functional MRI of the pelvic floor. Method and references values  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose. Functional cine MRI of the pelvic floor is a yet another modality in addition to various radiological fluoroscopic techniques. This article describes our own method in view of the recent literatur and provides morphometric reference values. Material and method. We examined 20 nulliparous women (range of age: 25-51 years) with normal findings in the gynecological and urodynamic examination. Functional cine MRI was performed on a 1.5 Tesla equipment after opacification of the vagina and rectum. We used a T2-weighted gradient-echo sequence (True-FISP) to determine the position of the reference organs at rest and during straining/defecation. Two different reference lines were used. In addition 29 morphometric and functional parameters were measured, all of them being observer independent. Results. Functional cine MRI was able to show the extent and interaction of the pelvic floor organs in all cases with the reference organs always remaining above the pubococcygeal reference line. The depth of the rectocele was 2 cm. With the exception of the diameter of urogenital hiatus the different parts of the levator ani muscle could not be determined. Discussion. Functional cine MRI using an appropiate organ opacification and slice positioning is an objective, unifying diagnostic approach of the pelvic floor. The reference data given can be of help to distinguish normal from abnormal findings. (orig.)

2000-05-01

258

Tuberous sclerosis: diffusion MRI findings in the brain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Diffusion MRI has mainly been used for detection of acute ischemia, and for distinction of cytotoxic and vasogenic edema. We applied diffusion MRI in patients with tuberous sclerosis in order to evaluate diffusion imaging characteristics of parenchymal changes. Five children with known tuberous sclerosis were included in this study. The MRI examinations were performed on a 1.5-T MR unit. Diffusion MRI was obtained using the echo-planar imaging sequence. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values from the abnormal brain parenchyma were calculated directly from automatically generated ADC maps. Seven normal children were available for comparison. In this control group the mean ADC value of the normal white matter was 0.84±0.12 x 10-3 mm2/s. In tuberous sclerosis patients the mean ADC value of the white matter hamartomas (n=20) was apparently high (1.52±0.24 x 10-3 mm2/s) compared with that of normal white matter. The ADC value of calcified hamartomas was ''zero''. The ADC value within a giant cell tumor was 0.89 x 10-3 mm2/s, similar to that of normal cerebral white matter. The ADC maps were superior to b=1000 s/mm2 (true diffusion) images with respect to lesion evaluation, and they provided mathematical information on tissue integrity. With respect to detection of the exact numbers and sizes of the parenchymal hamartomas fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images were superior to ADC maps. It is believed that diffusion MRI can be useful in evaluation of various parenchymal changes associated with tuberous sclerosis. Further studies on tuberous sclerosis, and on various brain lesions, would provide increasing data on this relatively new MRI sequence. (orig.)

2002-01-01

259

MRI findings of the knee in rheumatoid arthritis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The studies were done to know in what extent MRI can image the pannus invasion and cysts in the subcartilagious tissues which are not revealed by the scout roentgenogram and how the synovial membrane can be enhanced by gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA). Twenty five knees in rheumatoid arthritis of 21 patients, mean age of 57.8 years, were subjected to the studies. Thirteen knees were in Larsen grade 0, 3 in grade I, 4 in grade II, 2 in grade III and 3 in grade IV, whose osteolytic degree were small. MRI system was 0.5 Tesla superconducting Toshiba MRT50A. Imaging was performed by the field echo method with 4 mm-thick slice of T1, T2 weighted images of sagittal and frontal sections, and 5 min after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA, of T1 weighted images of frontal and sagittal sections. Subcartilagious cysts not detectable on the scout roentgenogram were found in 13 knees (52%) on the MRI image. MRI after Gd-DTPA gave the enhanced images of surroundings of joint capsule in 15 cases, of dotted or reticular synovial membrane in 2 and of joint capsule surroundings with dotted membrane in 2. One case showed no enhancement. MRI was thus found useful for detection of cysts and pannus in the early knee rheumatoid arthritis with insignificant osteolysis. MRI after Gd-DTPA enhanced the surroundings of joint capsule in most cases, and in some cases, the synovial membrane in a dotted or reticular manner, which was considered to show the dilated blood vessels or necrotic coagulations of synovial villi. (H.O.)

1996-03-01

260

Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of the orbit: CT and MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Aim: To describe the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of orbital mesenchymal chondrosarcomas (MCSs). Materials and methods: Six patients with histology-confirmed MCSs of the orbit were retrospectively reviewed. All six patients underwent CT and MRI. Imaging studies were evaluated for the following: (a) tumour location, (b) configuration, size, and margin, (c) CT attenuation and MRI signal intensity, and (d) secondary manifestations. Additionally, the time-intensity curve (TIC) of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI were analysed in five patients. Results: Two MCSs arose in the right orbit and four in the left orbit. Five MCSs were located in the retrobulbar intraconal space and one in the extraconal space. All the lesions displayed a lobulate configuration and had a well-defined margin. The mean maximum diameter was 25.8 mm (range 15-36 mm). On unenhanced CT, the lesions appeared isodense to grey matter in six patients, with calcifications in five. Two patients showed inhomogeneous, moderate enhancement on enhanced CT. Six MCSs appeared isointense on T1-weighted imaging and heterogeneously isointense on T2-weighted imaging. The lesions showed significantly heterogeneous contrast enhancement. Five patients had DCE MRI and the TICs showed a rapidly enhancing and rapid washout pattern (type III). The following features were also detected: compression of the extra-ocular muscle (six patients, 100%); displacement of the optic nerve (five patients, 83.3%); and encasing globe (three patients, 50%). Conclusions: A well-defined, lobulate orbital mass with calcification on CT and, marked heterogeneous enhancement and type III TIC on MRI are highly suspicious of orbital MCSs.

Yang, B.T., E-mail: cjr.yangbentao@vip.163.com [Department of Radiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing (China); Wang, Y.Z.; Wang, X.Y.; Wang, Z.C. [Department of Radiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing (China)

2012-04-15

 
 
 
 
261

Correlation of MRI findings with clinical findings of trochanteric pain syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Greater trochanter pain syndrome due to tendinopathy or bursitis is a common cause of hip pain. The previously reported magnetic resonance (MR) findings of trochanteric tendinopathy and bursitis are peritrochanteric fluid and abductor tendon abnormality. We have often noted peritrochanteric high T2 signal in patients without trochanteric symptoms. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the MR findings of peritrochanteric fluid or hip abductor tendon pathology correlate with trochanteric pain. We retrospectively reviewed 131 consecutive MR examinations of the pelvis (256 hips) for T2 peritrochanteric signal and abductor tendon abnormalities without knowledge of the clinical symptoms. Any T2 peritrochanteric abnormality was characterized by size as tiny, small, medium, or large; by morphology as feathery, crescentic, or round; and by location as bursal or intratendinous. The clinical symptoms of hip pain and trochanteric pain were compared to the MR findings on coronal, sagittal, and axial T2 sequences using chi-square or Fisher's exact test with significance assigned as p<0.05. Clinical symptoms of trochanteric pain syndrome were present in only 16 of the 256 hips. All 16 hips with trochanteric pain and 212 (88%) of 240 without trochanteric pain had peritrochanteric abnormalities (p=0.15). Eighty-eight percent of hips with trochanteric symptoms had gluteus tendinopathy while 50% of those without symptoms had such findings (p=0.004). Other than tendinopathy, there was no statistically significant difference between hips with or without trochanteric symptoms and the presence of peritrochanteric T2 abnormality, its size or shape, and the presence of gluteus medius or minimus partial thickness tears. Patients with trochanteric pain syndrome always have peritrochanteric T2 abnormalities and are significantly more likely to have abductor tendinopathy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, although the absence of peritrochanteric T2 MR abnormalities makes trochanteric pain syndrome unlikely, detection of these abnormalities on MRI is a poor predictor of trochanteric pain syndrome as these findings are present in a high percentage of patients without trochanteric pain. (orig.)

2008-10-01

262

Anatomy, pathology, and MRI findings in the sports hernia.  

Science.gov (United States)

"Sports hernia" is a frequently used term on athletic injury reports and in the sportscasting media, but its true definition remains elusive in the medical literature. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful tool in the evaluation of clinical athletic pubalgia, yet specific pathologies associated with this commonly encountered syndrome are poorly described in the imaging literature. In this article we review the musculoskeletal anatomy of the pubic region as well as several reproducible patterns of pathology on MRI we have encountered in patients with a clinical diagnosis of sports hernia. PMID:18382944

Shortt, Conor P; Zoga, Adam C; Kavanagh, Eoin C; Meyers, William C

2008-03-01

263

Dobutamine cine magnetic resonance imaging after myocardial infarction; Cine Risonanza Magnetica con dobutamina dopo infarto del miocardio  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Dobutamine Cine MRI is a new diagnostic imaging technique in the pretreatment (revascularization) assessment of myocardial infarction patients. In this issue are reported the result of a comparative study of the diagnostic yield of dobutamine Cine MRI with that of stress echocardiography in the assessment of viable myocardium. A new method for analysis of Cine MR images, employing digital subtraction, aimed at decreasing subjectivity in the quantitative assessment of myocardial wall thickening. Twenty-six patients (21 men and 5 women) with a history of myocardial infarction who were scheduled for revascularization were submitted to stress echocardiography and dobutamine Cine MRI to evaluate contractile recovery of the segments considered akinetic or hypo kinetic at baseline echocardiography. Dobutamine was administered in growing doses (5, 10, 15{gamma}/kg/min). 16 segments of the left ventricle in each patient were considered. In the 416 segments studied, it was found that 307 normo kinetic, 64 scarred and 45 viable segments with stress echocardiography, versus 302 normo kinetic, 83 scarred and 31 viable segments with dobutamine MRI. Three months after revascularization 15 patients were examined to check contractile recovery of the segments considered as viable. Echocardiography had 79% sensitivity and 97% specificity, while Cine MRI had 96% and 86%, respectively. In patients with anteroseptal wall myocardial infarction stress echocardiography had 75% sensitivity and 97% specificity. Echocardiography permits to distinguish viable myocardium and scarred myocardial tissue with good sensitivity and specificity, but Cine MRI performs better. Cine MRI has much higher sensitivity than stress echocardiography and thus makes the technique of choice to evaluate viable myocardium in these sites. The digital subtraction technique is as accurate as manual measurements, but reduces the error rate and permits quicker evaluation, particularly in subendocardial thickening. [Italian] La cine Risonanza Magnetica (cine RM) con stimolo farmacologico {beta}-adrenergico (stress dobutamina) rappresenta una nuova indagine diagnostica nella valuazione pretrattamento di rivascolarizzazione del paziente con infarto del miocardio. Scopo dello studio e' quello di verificare la validita' diagnostica della cine RM con stimolo farmacologico in confronto con l'ecocardiografia con stimolo farmacologico nella valutazione della vitalita' del miocardio e di proporre un nuovo metodo d'analisi delle immagini di cine RM mediante la sottrazione elettronica d'immagine al fine di ridurre gli elementi soggettivi nella valutazione quantitativa dell'ispessimento parietale. Ventisei pazienti (21 maschi, 5 femmine) con pregresso infarto del miocardio in attesa di intervento di rivascolarizzazione sono stati sottoposti a ecocardiografia con stimolo farmacologico mediante dobutamina e a esame cine RM con dobutamina al fine di verificare la ripresa contrattile dei segmenti giudicati acinetici o ipocinetici all'esame ecocardiografico di base. E' stata infusa dobutamina a dosi crescenti (5, 10, 15{gamma}/kg/min). Per ogni paziente sono stati considerati 16 segmenti del ventricolo sinistro. Nel totale di 416 segmenti miocardici considerati l'analisi qualitativa del movimento parietale con ecocardiografia con dobutamina ha dimostrato 307 segmenti normocinetici, 64 cicatriziali e 45 vitali mentre con la cine Rm sono stati osservati rispettivamente 302 segmenti come normocinetici, 83 cicatriziali e 31 vitali. Tre mesi dopo l'intervento di rivascolarizzazione 15 pazienti sono stati rivalutati per verificare la ripresa contrattile dei segmenti giudicati vitali. L'esame ecocardiografico ha mostrato sensibilita' del 79% e specificita' del 97% mentre per l'analisi qualitativa mediante cine RM la sensibilita' e' stata del 96% e la specificita' dell'86%. Nei pazienti con infarto anterosettale l'ecocardiografia con dobutamina ha dimostrato sensibilita' e specificita' rispetti

Giovagnoni, A.; Ligabue, G.; Romagnoli, R. [Modena Univ., Modena (Italy). Scienze Radiologiche, Dipt. di Medicina Interna; Reggio Emilia Univ., Reggio Emilia (Italy). Cattedra di Cardiologia; Rossi, R.; Muia, N.; Modena, M.G. [Modena Univ., Modena (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Mediche, Oncologiche e Radiologiche; Reggio Emilia Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Mediche, Oncologiche e Radiologiche

1999-12-01

264

MRI of articular cartilaginous lesions. MRI findings in osteoarthritis of the knee joint  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An investigation was carried out to assess the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging for imaging of the knee joint, especially for detecting articular cartilaginous lesions associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. A total of 141 patients with osteoarthritis were examined (23 males, 118 females). Their age range was 40-93 (mean age 66.2). Using radiotherapy examinations, patients were classified according to Hokkaido University Classification Criteria; 22, 49, 46, 16, and 8 patients were classified as Type I, II, III, IV and V, respectively. Articular cartilage defects were examined using MRI, and the number of such defects increased as the X-ray stage progressed. The appearance of a low signal intensity area in the bone marrow was examined using MRI, and the number of patients observed to have such areas increased as the x-ray stages progressed. JOA OA scores were significantly low for patients with meniscal tears. Patients were classified and results reviewed using MRI examinations. Classification by MRI of articular cartilage lesions correlated with the JOA OA scores. Low signal intensity areas in the bone marrow were frequently observed in advanced osteoarthritis cases, and there was correlation between FTA and MRI classifications of these areas. MRI is extremely valuable in detecting articular cartilage lesions in the knee joint, showing those lesions which cannot be detected by conventional radiography examinations. Thus, MRI is judged to be a clinically useful method for diagnosis of osteoarthritis. (author)

1995-03-01

265

Comparison of clinical and MRI findings in Chiari malformation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Chiari malformation (CM) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which allows to establish its type and to determine the ratio and characteristics of clinical picture of different types of CM was studied. The characteristics of anatomical varieties of CM were determined. Disturbances of liquor dynamics (including intracranial hypertension hydrocephalus) were noted. Combination of CM and syringomyelia and other cerebral and spinal diseases were revealed

2000-01-01

266

Transient neonatal hypoglycemia: cranial US and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A case of transient neonatal hypoglycemia with patchy hyperechogenic white matter abnormalities in the frontal and parietooccipital lobes on cranial US is presented. An MRI examination revealed T1 and T2 shortening of the lesions in the occipital and frontal white matter. Follow-up cranial US demonstrated recovery of white matter changes in the patient with normal neurological outcome. (orig.)

2001-12-01

267

MRI findings in the upper cervical spine of rheumatoid arthritis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 55 patients with rheumatoid arthritis associated with upper cervical spine abnormality, the presence or absence of medullary and upper cervical pressures was examined on sagittal MRI scans. Atlanto-dental anterior incomplete dislocation and horizontal dislocation were imaged concurrently with X-rays. For horizontal dislocation, an abnormal Redlund-Johnell value and a Ranawat value of 7 mm or less were always associated with medullary pressure as seen on MRI. For anterior incomplete dislocation, upper cervical pressure was always associated when a space available for the spinal cord was 13 mm or less or frequently associated when the atlanto-dental interval was 8 mm or more. Many of the patients with the upper cervical abnormalities complained of occipital or cervical pain. The pain was always encountered in patients with an abnormal Redlund-Johnell value. Roentgenography of the cervical spine confirmed MRI-proven medullary or upper cervical pressure, suggesting the potential of MRI in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. (Namekawa, K)

1989-01-01

268

MRI findings with periventricular leukomalacia. Correlation with neurological development  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 22 infants with PVL, who were born at 35 weeks gestational age or less, correlation between severity of white matter lesions on MRI and developmental quotient (DQ) of infants was studied. MRI was obtained later than 7 months of age and the severity of white matter lesions was classified as follows: Group I: periventricular white matter is focally affected (n=7), Group II: periventricular white matter is diffusely affected (n=10), and Group III: subcortical white matter is also affected (n=5). Perinatal characteristics including gestational weeks, birth weight, Apgar score, procedure of delivery, and duration of mechanical ventilation revealed no significant differences between the groups. Seventeen infants developed cerebral palsy, while the other 5 infants (4 in Group I, 1 in Group II) showed normal development at 1 year of age, MRI of 4 among these 5 infants only revealed unilateral cysts around the anterior horn of lateral ventricles. Enjoji developmental test showed significant differences in gross motor DQ between Group I and III at both 1 and 2 corrected ages. Although more quantitative criteria will be required for precise classification, it is suggested that the severity of the white matter lesions on MRI is well correlated with gross motor development in PVL. (author)

1998-08-01

269

MRI findings in neuro-Behcet's disease  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

AIM: To evaluate the pattern and site of involvement in neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with NBD were evaluated. Using 1.5T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), T1-weighted axial and sagittal images, gadolinium enhanced axial and coronal images and T2-weighted axial images were obtained. RESULTS: The brainstem, basal ganglia, cerebral white matter, internal capsule, thalamus and spinal cord were involved in eighteen, nine, nine, seven, six and two patients, respectively. In nine patients with cerebral white matter involvement, four had subcortical involvement and three had periventricular involvement, in addition to two patients with focal deep white matter lesions. Among the brainstem lesions, pons involvement was seen in fourteen patients, all had ventrally located lesions, and nine had tegmental involvement. Midbrain involvement was seen in fourteen patients; the cerebral peduncle was involved in 11 of these. Five patients had brainstem atrophy: two cases were demonstrated at initial MRI, the other three cases were seen on follow-up MRI. Pyramidal signs, the most common neurological signs, were demonstrated in fourteen patients. Follow-up MRI was obtained 10 days to 20 months after the initial MRI in eight cases; all showed changes in size, shape and site of involvement. After gadolinium enhancement, thirteen patients demonstrated mottled non-confluent enhancement in the brainstem (eight patients), posterior limb of the internal capsule (three patients), pachymeninges (two patients) and spinal cord (two patients). CONCLUSION: NBD manifests a reversible course, but chronic NBD may result in brainstem atrophy. Characteristic involvement along the corticospinal tract is well correlated with neurological signs. Lee, S. H. et al. (2001)

Lee, Sang Hoon; Yoon, Pyeong Ho; Park, Sang Joon; Kim, Dong Ik

2001-06-01

270

Diffusion-weighted imaging findings on MRI as the sole radiographic findings in a child with proven herpes simplex encephalitis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a case of herpes simplex encephalitis in an 8-year-old girl, in whom hyperintensity was detected on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) while conventional MRI sequences were normal 1 week after the onset of neurological symptoms. This case is rare in that a child beyond the neonatal period with focal herpes simplex encephalitis had an abnormal DWI sequence as the only MRI finding. (orig.)

2007-11-01

271

Diffusion-weighted imaging findings on MRI as the sole radiographic findings in a child with proven herpes simplex encephalitis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We present a case of herpes simplex encephalitis in an 8-year-old girl, in whom hyperintensity was detected on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) while conventional MRI sequences were normal 1 week after the onset of neurological symptoms. This case is rare in that a child beyond the neonatal period with focal herpes simplex encephalitis had an abnormal DWI sequence as the only MRI finding. (orig.)

Obeid, Makram; Franklin, Jeremy; Shrestha, Shraddha; Johnson, Lara; Hurst, Daniel [Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Department of Pediatrics, Lubbock, TX (United States); Quattromani, Frank [Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Department of Radiology, Lubbock, TX (United States)

2007-11-15

272

Liver involvement in HELLP syndrome: CT and MRI findings in two patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report features the CT and MRI findings in two patients with HELLP syndrome, upper abdominal pain, and severe liver cell dysfunction. Despite the extensive hepatic abnormalities seen on CT and MRI studies, both patients recovered fully after delivery. The role of imaging studies for diagnosis and treatment planning in the clinical setting of HELLP syndrome is discussed. (orig.)

Hoe, L. van [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Amant, F. [Dept. of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Gryspeerdt, S. [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Marchal, G. [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Verhaeghe, J. [Dept. of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Baert, A. [Dept. of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium)

1995-11-01

273

Spinal cord and cauda equina MRI findings in metachromatic leukodystrophy: case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an autosomal recessive disease with well-documented intracranial findings on neuroimaging both by computed tomography (CT) and MRI. We describe the first case of late infantile MLD with spinal involvement revealed by MRI as marked contrast enhancement of nerve roots at the level of the cauda equina. (orig.)

Toldo, Irene; Battistella, Pier Antonio; Laverda, Anna Maria [University of Padua, Department of Pediatrics, Padua (Italy); Carollo, Carla [Institute of Neuroradiology, Padua (Italy)

2005-08-01

274

Value of radiotherapy in treatment of humeroscapular periarthritis. Comparison with MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Evaluation of MRI in radiotherapy of humeroscapular periarthritis. Patients and methods: Seventy-seven patients with humeroscapular periarthritis prospectively underwent MRI before radiotherapy. Results: Six months after radiotherapy, 34% of the patients had achieved complete pain relief, 35% major pain relief. Twenty percent had only slight improvement and 12% no improvement. Positive correlation of radiotherapy outcome and MRI findings could be shown for acute tendinitis, erosions, and complete and incomplete ruptures of the supraspinatus tendon. Conclusions: Radiotherapy is highly effective in the treatment of humeroscapular periarthritis. The indication can be improved using MRI. (orig.)

1998-09-01

275

Spectrum of MRI findings in clinical athletic pubalgia.  

Science.gov (United States)

Athletic pubalgia is a frequently encountered syndrome for clinicians who treat active patients participating in a wide variety of athletic endeavors worldwide. Pathologies associated with this clinical scenario span anatomically from the pubic symphysis to the hip and include a myriad of poorly understood and incompletely described musculoskeletal entities, many of which are centered about the pubic symphysis and its tendinous attachments. In this article, we discuss the relevant anatomy and pathophysiology for the most frequently encountered of these disorders, using magnetic resonance (MR) images as a guide. We describe an MR imaging protocol tailored to clinical athletic pubalgia. We then review reproducible MRI patterns of pathology about the pubic symphysis, the rectus abdominis/adductor aponeurosis and the inguinal ring, as well as a group of clinically confounding entities remote from the symphysis but visible by MRI. PMID:18382940

Zajick, Donald C; Zoga, Adam C; Omar, Imran M; Meyers, William C

2008-03-01

276

The MRI findings of a de Garengeot hernia.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The presence of the appendix within a femoral hernia is rare. It was first described by the French surgeon Jacques Croissant de Garengeot in 1731. This phenomenon accounts for 0.8-1% of all femoral hernias. Acute appendicitis occurring within a femoral hernia is even rarer and is difficult to diagnose pre-operatively. This type of hernia is termed a de Garengeot hernia. The ultrasonographic and CT imaging features of de Garengeot hernias have been described previously. We report a case of a 57-year-old female who presented with a painful right-sided groin mass. She underwent MRI of the inguinal region, which successfully diagnosed this rare hernia pre-operatively. To our knowledge, this is the first description of a de Garengeot hernia diagnosed using MRI.

Halpenny, D

2012-03-01

277

Differential diagnosis of middle ear inflammatory diseases by MRI findings  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Although computed tomography can reveal a soft tissue mass in middle ear diseases as an area of increased density, it cannot differentiate cholesteatoma from other inflammatory tissue. We prospectively studied 30 patients with various middle ear inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory granulation tissue, cholesteatoma and cholesterin granuloma with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with or without Gd-DTPA enhancement. Cholesteatoma and inflammatory granulation tissue showed intensity ranging from low to high on T1-weighted images and from high to very high on T2-weighted images. However, cholesteatoma showed either no enhancement or ring enhancement on MR imagings with Gd-DTPA, and it could be differentiated from the Gd-DTPA-enhanced inflammatory granulation tissue. Cholesterin granuloma showed very high intensity on both T1 and T2-weighted images. Therefore, MRI with Gd-DTPA is considered to be useful in the differential diagnosis of these middle ear diseases. (auhtor).

Muneta, Yuki; Yamamoto, Etsuo; Ohmura, Masaki; Mizukami, Chikashi; Oiki, Hiroyuki; Tsuji, Jun; Tanabe, Makito; Funabiki, Kazuo; Saiwai, Shigeo (Kobe City General Hospital (Japan))

1992-09-01

278

Differential diagnosis of middle ear inflammatory diseases by MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although computed tomography can reveal a soft tissue mass in middle ear diseases as an area of increased density, it cannot differentiate cholesteatoma from other inflammatory tissue. We prospectively studied 30 patients with various middle ear inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory granulation tissue, cholesteatoma and cholesterin granuloma with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with or without Gd-DTPA enhancement. Cholesteatoma and inflammatory granulation tissue showed intensity ranging from low to high on T1-weighted images and from high to very high on T2-weighted images. However, cholesteatoma showed either no enhancement or ring enhancement on MR imagings with Gd-DTPA, and it could be differentiated from the Gd-DTPA-enhanced inflammatory granulation tissue. Cholesterin granuloma showed very high intensity on both T1 and T2-weighted images. Therefore, MRI with Gd-DTPA is considered to be useful in the differential diagnosis of these middle ear diseases. (auhtor)

1992-09-01

279

Association between pathological and MRI findings in multiple sclerosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

The identification of pathological processes that could be targeted by therapeutic interventions is a major goal of research into multiple sclerosis (MS). Pathological assessment is the gold standard for such identification, but has intrinsic limitations owing to the limited availability of autopsy and biopsy tissue. MRI has gained a leading role in the assessment of MS because it allows doctors to obtain an ante mortem picture of the degree of CNS involvement. A number of correlative pathological and MRI studies have helped to define in vivo the pathological substrates of MS in focal lesions and normal-appearing white matter, not only in the brain, but also in the spinal cord. These studies have resulted in the identification of aspects of pathophysiology that were previously neglected, including grey matter involvement and vascular pathology. Despite these important achievements, numerous open questions still need to be addressed to resolve controversies about how the pathology of MS results in fixed neurological disability. PMID:22441196

Filippi, Massimo; Rocca, Maria A; Barkhof, Frederik; Brück, Wolfgang; Chen, Jacqueline T; Comi, Giancarlo; DeLuca, Gabriele; De Stefano, Nicola; Erickson, Bradley J; Evangelou, Nikos; Fazekas, Franz; Geurts, Jeroen J G; Lucchinetti, Claudia; Miller, David H; Pelletier, Daniel; Popescu, Bogdan F Gh; Lassmann, Hans

2012-04-01

280

MRI and CT findings of adult Down's syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cranial CT and MRI were performed in 29 adult patients with Down's syndrome aged from 20 to 46 years to examine early aging. Morphological changes with aging, such as brain atrophy and ventricular enlargement, were generally sparse; however, calculi of the basal nucleus and lesions of deep-seated white matter were significantly increased with aging. The pallidum and putamen were shown as low intensity signals on T2-weighted images in many of patients in their fourties, suggesting their involvement in the occurrence of dyskinesia and parkinsonism symptoms that are likely to occur in the elderly. Localized changes, as shown on CT and MRI, may reflect abnormally early occurrence of aging, which precedes morphological changes such as brain atrophy. (N.K.)

1993-11-01

 
 
 
 
281

A case of subacute combined degeneration: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The specific spinal cord lesion caused by vitamin B12 deficiency is known as subacute combined degeneration (SCD). Neuropathological studies of SCD show lesions mainly in the posterior and lateral columns, involving the cortico-spinal and spino-cerebellar tracts. We report a case of SCD in a 19-year-old man who presented with 4 weeks history of gradually progressing tingling in both hands. MRI of the cervical spine demonstrated symmetrical areas of T2 signal abnormality involving the dorsal columns of the cervical cord from the C2 through C5 levels associated with spinal cord expansion. He was treated with vitamin B12 supplements and experienced gradual improvement in his clinical symptoms. Repeat MRI of the cervical spine after 2 months revealed slight decrease in the area of abnormal signal. (orig.)

1998-06-01

282

CT and MRI findings of 4th ventricular tumors  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of our study is to evaluate characteristic features of 4th ventricular tumors in CT and MRI. Pathologically proved 9 patients with 4th ventricular tumor were examined by CT and/or MRI. 4th ventricular tumors were ependymoma(4 cases), medulloblastoma(2 case), choroid plexus papilloma(2 cases), and oligodendroglioma(1 cases). Include in our study were only those mass lesions that were located at surgery predominantly within 4th ventricle with or without ventricular expansion. The origin of 4th ventricular tumor was the roof (ependymoma 3 cases, medulloblastoma 2 cases), the floor (ependymoma 1 cases), and the undetermined(remaining 3 case). On MRI, all tumors were hypointense except ependymoma (3 cases) showing isointensity on T1WI. All tumors were hypointense on PDWI and T2WI. On Gd-DTPA enhanced T1WI, strong enhancement was seen in all but ependymoma(1 cases) which showed mild enhancement. On CT, as compared with MR images, various density on precontrast and postcontrast images were seen. Calcification was seen in choroid plexus papilloma(1 caes) and oligodendroglioma(1 cases). Hydrocephalus is seen in all cases except ependymoma(2 cases) and oligodendroglioma(1 case). Hemorrhage within tumor was present only in ependymoma(2 cases). Cystic change or necrosis of tumor was seen in ependymoma(3 cases), choroid plexus papilloma(1 case), and oligodendroglioma(1 case). Peritumoral edema was seen in medulloblastoma(1 case). Extension through the foramen Luschka and the Megendie was seen in ependymoma (2 cases), choroid plexus(2 cases), and medulloblastoma (1 case). Seeing along the CSF pathway was seen only in ependymoma(2 case). The results od our study may suggest that specific diagnosis of 4th ventricular tumor can be suggested preoperatively by analysing the origin in 4th ventricle, difference of CT density or MRI signal intensity, presence of extension or seeding through cerebrospinal fluid of the lesion.

Kim, Taek Geun; Ro, Hee Jeong; Byun, Jae Young; Lee, Han Jin; Chung, Myung Hee; Choi, Kyu Ho; Shinn, Kyung Sub [Catholic University Medical College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1994-10-15

283

CT and MRI findings of 4th ventricular tumors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of our study is to evaluate characteristic features of 4th ventricular tumors in CT and MRI. Pathologically proved 9 patients with 4th ventricular tumor were examined by CT and/or MRI. 4th ventricular tumors were ependymoma(4 cases), medulloblastoma(2 case), choroid plexus papilloma(2 cases), and oligodendroglioma(1 cases). Include in our study were only those mass lesions that were located at surgery predominantly within 4th ventricle with or without ventricular expansion. The origin of 4th ventricular tumor was the roof (ependymoma 3 cases, medulloblastoma 2 cases), the floor (ependymoma 1 cases), and the undetermined(remaining 3 case). On MRI, all tumors were hypointense except ependymoma (3 cases) showing isointensity on T1WI. All tumors were hypointense on PDWI and T2WI. On Gd-DTPA enhanced T1WI, strong enhancement was seen in all but ependymoma(1 cases) which showed mild enhancement. On CT, as compared with MR images, various density on precontrast and postcontrast images were seen. Calcification was seen in choroid plexus papilloma(1 caes) and oligodendroglioma(1 cases). Hydrocephalus is seen in all cases except ependymoma(2 cases) and oligodendroglioma(1 case). Hemorrhage within tumor was present only in ependymoma(2 cases). Cystic change or necrosis of tumor was seen in ependymoma(3 cases), choroid plexus papilloma(1 case), and oligodendroglioma(1 case). Peritumoral edema was seen in medulloblastoma(1 case). Extension through the foramen Luschka and the Megendie was seen in ependymoma (2 cases), choroid plexus(2 cases), and medulloblastoma (1 case). Seeing along the CSF pathway was seen only in ependymoma(2 case). The results od our study may suggest that specific diagnosis of 4th ventricular tumor can be suggested preoperatively by analysing the origin in 4th ventricle, difference of CT density or MRI signal intensity, presence of extension or seeding through cerebrospinal fluid of the lesion

1994-10-01

284

First episode schizophrenia: functional MRI findings and treatment response  

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The research of this thesis centers on the investigation of first-episode medication-naive and recent onset schizophrenia patients. In part I, functional MRI studies are described, in part II short term treatment effects are compared between ziprasidone and olanzapine. Part I, chapter 2: Differences in the degree of language lateralization in first-episode medication-naive schizophrenia and healthy controls were measured, using three language tasks. Results demonstrated that lateralization wa...

Veelen, N. M. J.

2011-01-01

285

Intramuscular degloving injuries to the rectus femoris: findings at MRI.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to describe the MRI characteristics of intramuscular degloving injuries to the rectus femoris whereby the inner bipennate component of the indirect head is dissociated from its superficial unipennate component. CONCLUSION. Injuries to the rectus femoris muscle are common in athletes, especially European football (soccer) players. The complex muscle-within-a-muscle anatomic configuration of the rectus femoris makes it susceptible to various types of injuries. PMID:24450607

Kassarjian, Ara; Rodrigo, Rosa Monica; Santisteban, Juan Maria

2014-05-01

286

UCSF study finds breast MRI helps predict chemotherapy's effectiveness  

Science.gov (United States)

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides an indication of a breast tumor's response to pre-surgical chemotherapy significantly earlier than possible through clinical examination, according to a new study published online in the journal Radiology. Women with breast cancer often undergo chemotherapy prior to surgery. Research has shown that women who receive this treatment, known as neoadjuvant chemotherapy, are more likely to achieve breast conservation than those receiving chemotherapy after surgery.

287

An atypical case of noninfected iliopsoas bursitis - MRI findings  

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The authors present an unusual case of atypical iliopsoas bursitis in an 81 years-old female patient. The patient asked for medical advice due to a chronic left hip and lower abdominal pain with no specific characteristics. Physical examination revealed a palpable left-sided pelvic mass. Ultrasound examination demonstrated a purely cystic mass that was presumed to be an ovarian cystic malignancy. The patient was referred for an MRI examination, which showed a cystic lesion extending from the ...

Skiadas, Vasilios; Koutoulidis, Vasilios; Plotas, Athanasios

2009-01-01

288

MRI findings of cyclops lesions of the knee  

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Cyclops lesions develop in the anterior aspect of the intercondylar notch typically after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction or injury. It is a lesion consisting of fibrous tissue with or without cartilage and bony components. A cyclops lesion is one of the causes for reduced extension and, in the cases reported here, also knee pain or discomfort after ACL reconstruction. We present the MRI features, particularly the features on proton density weighted turbo spin echo...

Minne, Cornelia; Velleman, Mark D.; Suleman, Farhana Ebrahim

2012-01-01

289

Cine MR imaging of the cardiovascular system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In recent years cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has developed as a high-speed imaging technique that provides a high intensity signal even at a short repetition time (20-30 msec) by using an excited pulse with a small flip angle according to the gradient echo method, enabling about 20 to 30 continuous images of the same section per one cardiac cycle to be taken. On cine display of these continuous images, information concerning blood flow shown by a high intensity signal in comparison with that of the myocardium and vascular wall is obtained with high temporal resolution along with anatomical information. The present study reports the clinical usefulness of cine MRI in today's situation, inculding the following: calculation of the left ventricular ejection fraction and pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio in congenital shunt disease by integration of the area of multisections through application of Simpson's method; diagnosis of the severity of valvular regurgitation, evaluation of stenosal diseases, and diagnosis of inflow from the fissured entry of dissecting aortic aneurysm by evaluating of an area of low intensity signal, probably based on the high velocity or turbulent blood flow: and evaluation of patency of the internal mammary artery bypass graft of the basis of the possible visualization of even thin blood vessels because of the high intensity signal of blood flow. In particular, the characteristics of this procedures are described by comparing it with other technologies in the field of diseases of valvular regurgitation. (author)

1990-01-01

290

MRI findings on lacunar infarction with no clinical symptoms  

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The purpose of this study was to examine how lacunar infarction developed and what its characteristics were. As this disease had little noticeable clinical symptoms and is likely to draw less attention than other types of cerebrovascular diseases like panhemispheric infarction, it's difficult to make an early diagnosis of it or treat it successfully. The subjects in this study were 196 people who showed no clinical symptoms and took a MRI test. When the MRI test data were analyzed, signal intensity and the part where that disease was detected were primarily taken into account. As a result, it's found that 116 people had no lacunar infarction and 80 people suffered from that disease, including 13 with very mild lacunar infarction, 41 with mild lacunar infarction and 26 with lacunar infarction. However, very mild and mild lacunar infarction could not be viewed as clinically significant cases, and only 26 people, which accounted for 13 percent of the subjects, should be considered to be diagnosed with lacunar infarction. The most common part where that disease was found was white matter and basal ganglia, regardless of gender. Accordingly, those who are exposed to health hazards such as hypertension or diabetes should take a MRI test to prevent cerebrovascular diseases that might be caused by those illnesses.

Kim, Ham Gyum [Ansan College, Ansan (Korea, Republic of)

2003-12-15

291

Cystic angiomatosis with splenic involvement: unusual MRI findings  

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Cystic angiomatosis is a rare disorder with a poor prognosis. We describe a case of a 33-year-old woman who presented with longstanding bone pain, hemolytic anemia, and an enlarged spleen. Radiologically, multiple osseous lesions with a mixed pattern of lytic and sclerotic areas were seen within the shoulders, spine, and pelvis. On CT and MRI of the abdomen, the spleen was markedly enlarged, with internal hyperdense foci on non-contrast CT scan, corresponding to low signal intensity areas on all MR pulse sequences. After administration of contrast, a mottled enhancement pattern throughout the entire spleen was seen both on CT and MRI. Cystic angiomatosis was proven by histological analysis of a biopsy specimen of an involved vertebra and histopathological examination of the spleen after subsequent splenectomy. This is the first report of a patient with disseminated cystic angiomatosis with splenic involvement in which the MRI features differ from the previous reports. Instead of the usual pattern consisting of multiple well-defined cystic lesions, a diffuse involvement replacing the entire spleen, with heterogeneous signal intensities on T2-weighted images and heterogeneous enhancement pattern, was seen in our patient. (orig.)

Vanhoenacker, F.M. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. Hospital Antwerp, Edegem (Belgium); Dept. of Radiology, AZ St-Maarten, Campus Duffel, Duffel (Belgium); Schepper, A.M. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. Hospital Antwerp, Edegem (Belgium); Raeve, H. [Dept. of Pathology, Univ. Hospital Antwerp, Edegem (Belgium); Berneman, Z. [Dept. of Hematology, Univ. Hospital Antwerp, Edegem (Belgium)

2003-12-01

292

MRI findings in the patients with the presumptive clinical diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to present our experience in MRI diagnosis of 23 patients with the clinical findings suggesting Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS). Cranial MRI studies of the patients with a clinical history of at least one episode of unilateral or bilateral orbital and periorbital pain, and associated paresis of one or more of third to sixth cranial nerves, were performed on a 1.5-T MRI scanner. Whereas 5 patients had the diagnosis of THS, paracavernous meningiomas in 4 patients, pituitary macroadenomas with cavernous sinus infiltration in 3 patients, Meckel's cave neurinoma in 1 patient, and suprasellar epidermoid in 1 patient were surgically proven MRI findings. Other pathological MRI findings were leptomeningeal metastases in 3 patients, granulomatous pachymeningitis sequelae in 2 patients, and aneurysm with compression on cavernous sinus in 1 patient. Three patients had normal MRI findings. The incidence of radiologically proven diagnosis of THS among the patients with the clinical findings suggesting THS seemed to be low in our study. In conclusion, MRI is the most valuable imaging technique to distinguish THS from other THS-like entities, and permits a precise assessment, management, and therapeutic planning of the underlying pathological conditions. (orig.)

2003-01-01

293

Cystic apocrine hyperplasia is the most common finding in MRI detected breast lesions.  

Science.gov (United States)

MRI of the breast is an increasingly employed modality for breast imaging due to its relatively high sensitivity for the detection of breast carcinoma. Cumulative data indicate that MRI of the breast has relatively higher sensitivity, but lower specificity than mammography. However, data regarding the diagnostic yield for particular types of breast lesions detected via breast MRI remain scant. Over a 3.5-year period, we evaluated histological findings of 192 needle core biopsies of MRI detected breast lesions. In this series, the positive predictive value of MRI detected lesions for breast carcinoma was 20%. Invasive carcinoma was diagnosed in 16/192 (8%) and in situ carcinoma in 22/192 (11%). The most commonly detected histological finding was cystic apocrine hyperplasia (19%), a benign entity. PMID:24151291

Ginter, Paula S; Winant, Abbey J; Hoda, Syed A

2014-02-01

294

Cine MRI for the evaluation of influences of regional left ventricular wall motion abnormalities on global cardiac function after myocardial infarction and revascularization therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To determine changes in global cardiac function and mass caused by infarct-associated regional wall motion abnormalities and to compare the changes after revascularization in patients with and without improvement of regional contractility. Materials and Methods: 21 patients with regional left ventricular wall motion abnormalities and associated coronary artery stenoses requiring revascularization were examined with a Cine FLASH-2D sequence 26±12 days after their first myocardial infarction and re-examined three months after revascularization. Regional contractility and volumes and masses of both ventricles were determined. Results: After revascularization, regional wall motion improvement led to decreased left ventricular volumes and improved ejection fractions, whereas patients with persisting wall motion defects showed unchanged left ventricular functional parameters. Comparing both groups of patients, the patients with improvement of regional contractility revealed lower end-systolic volumes and higher ejection fractions at follow-up. Cardiac masses and right ventricular parameters were not different, patients with a depressed right ventricular ejection fraction showed improvement at follow-up. Discussion: After myocardial infarction, revascularization of the infarct-related coronary artery leads to an improvement of left ventricular function only if there is also an improvement of regional contractility. An effect on right ventricular function was not observed three months after the first small- or middle-sized myocardial infarction. (orig.)

1999-12-01

295

Medial meniscus posterior root attachment injury and degeneration: MRI findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

The posterior root attachment of the medial meniscus is readily identifiable on MRI. Unless specifically reviewed, injuries involving this structure may be overlooked. Significant meniscal root pathology may cause functional incompetence of the meniscus, with consequent early onset cartilage degeneration and osteoarthritis. This review article emphasizes the importance of positive identification of an intact meniscal root and illustrates the known association of meniscal root injury or tear with medial extrusion of the medial meniscus by greater than 3 mm beyond the joint margin. PMID:16884414

Jones, A O; Houang, M T W; Low, R S; Wood, D G

2006-08-01

296

MRI findings of lipoma arborescens of the knee in a child: case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Lipoma arborescens is an intraarticular lesion characterized by a frond-like mass of mature fat cells, usually involving the suprapatellar bursa. It is a rare lesion in adults and extremely rare in children. Because of the fatty nature of the lesion, the MRI findings of arborescens are specific. We present the MRI findings of lipoma arborescens of the knee in a 9-year-old girl. (orig.)

1994-08-01

297

MRI findings of acute turf toe. A case report and review of anatomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Normal anatomy of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the hallux has been well described. However, the pathologic anatomy of turf toe, a common injury among football and rugby players, has not been documented in detail. Magnetic resonance images (MRI) of a classic case of turf toe were examined and the findings were compared with MRI of a normal specimen and correlated with known features of gross anatomy. MRI findings confirmed that turf toe involves a sprain or tear of the plantar metatarsophalangeal joint capsule. PMID:8020216

Tewes, D P; Fischer, D A; Fritts, H M; Guanche, C A

1994-07-01

298

Age-related findings on MRI in neurofibromatosis type 1  

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T2 hyperintensities (T2H) on MRI are the most common CNS lesions in individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The aim was to determine the frequency, signal characteristics and localization of T2H at different ages. In addition, we examined the sensitivity of different MR imaging sequences in detecting these lesions. We studied prospectively a cohort of children, adolescents and young adults with NF1 using T2-volume (T2-V) and conventional MRI sequences. Lesions were designated as either discrete or diffuse, and the region of signal abnormality was recorded. A total of 103 patients were studied (age range 8.0-25.4 years, mean 13.9 years). The frequency, size, and intensity of T2H decreased with age in the basal ganglia (BG) and the cerebellum/brainstem (CB/BS). The majority of thalamic and CB/BS lesions were diffuse. Of the total cohort, 80% had diffuse bilateral hippocampal hyperintensities and 18.4% had hemispheric lesions best demonstrated on FLAIR; there was no significant difference in the frequency or signal intensity of hemispheric lesions with age. Lesions in the cerebral hemispheres and hippocampus imaged by MR do not change in prevalence over time, suggesting a different pathological basis from the lesions in the in BG and CB/BS that resolve with age. FLAIR and T2-V sequences are more sensitive in detecting lesions than standard T2-weighted sequences. (orig.)

Gill, Deepak S. [Children' s Hospital at Westmead, The T. Y. Nelson Department of Neurology, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Hyman, Shelley L. [Children' s Hospital at Westmead, Neurogenetics Research Unit, Sydney (Australia); Steinberg, Adam [Children' s Hospital at Westmead, Department of Radiology, Sydney (Australia); North, Kathryn N. [Children' s Hospital at Westmead, The T. Y. Nelson Department of Neurology, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Children' s Hospital at Westmead, Neurogenetics Research Unit, Sydney (Australia)

2006-10-15

299

MRI Findings of Primary CNS Lymphoma in 26 Immunocompetent Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To record the MR imaging features of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and compare these features in monofocal and multifocal disease. Twenty-one cases of monofocal disease were compared to five cases of multifocal disease. All patients were examined by nonenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Tumor location, tumor size, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, age distribution, peritumoral edema, cystic changes, and the presence of calcifications were assessed. The MRI features were compared between the monofocal and multifocal disease cases. The 26 cases, including both the monofocal and multifocal cases, exhibited 37 lesions. Contrast-enhanced images showed variable enhancement patterns: homogeneous enhancement (33 lesions), ring-like enhancement (2), and 'open-ring-like' enhancement (2). The 'notch sign' was noted in four of 33 homogeneously enhancing lesions. One case of hemorrhage and three cases of cystic formation were observed. Intra-tumoral calcification was not found. The frontal lobe, the corpus callosum and the basal ganglia were commonly affected in both the monofocal and multifocal groups. Tumor size differed significantly between the two groups (t = 3.129, p 0.05) and the signal characteristics (p > 0.05) between the two groups. Our data show that PCNSL has a variable enhancement pattern on MR images. We first reported two lesions with an 'open-ring' enhancement as well as four cases with a 'notch sign'. Monofocal PCNSL cases typically have larger sized tumors with mild or moderate enhancement

2010-06-01

300

Comparative studies of MRI and operative findings in rotator cuff tear  

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A prospective study was performed to determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared with operative findings in the evaluation of patients associated with rotator cuff tears. Fifty-four of 60 shoulders (58 patients) examined by MRI were confirmed as full-thickness tears and 6 as partial-thickness tears at the time of surgery. The oblique coronal, oblique sagittal, and axial planes of T2-weighted images with the 0.5 tesla MRI system were obtained preoperatively and compared with operative findings. MRI correctly identified 46 of 54 full-thickness rotator cuff tears and 5 of 6 partial-thickness tears. A comparison of MRI and operative findings in full-thickness cuff tears showed a sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 83%, and a positive prospective value (PPV) of 99%. A comparison of partial-thickness tears showed a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 85%, and PPV of 39%. Linear regression analysis showed an excellent correlation between the MRI assessment and measurement at the time of surgery (r=0.90, P<0.01). MRI was useful in evaluating large and medium-sized rotator cuff tears, but less useful in distinguishing small full-thickness tears from partial-thickness tears. (author)

Yamakawa, Seigo; Ichikawa, Norikazu; Itadera, Eichi [Kochi Prefectural Aki Hospital (Japan); Hashizume, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Hajime

2001-10-01

 
 
 
 
301

Comparative studies of MRI and operative findings in rotator cuff tear.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A prospective study was performed to determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI compared with operative findings in the evaluation of patients associated with rotator cuff tears. Fifty-four of 60 shoulders (58 patients examined by MRI were confirmed as full-thickness tears and 6 as partial-thickness tears at the time of surgery. The oblique coronal, oblique sagittal, and axial planes of T2-weighted images with the 0.5 tesla MRI system were obtained preoperatively and compared with operative findings. MRI correctly identified 46 of 54 full-thickness rotator cuff tears and 5 of 6 partial-thickness tears. A comparison of MRI and operative findings in full-thickness cuff tears showed a sensitivity of 85%, a specificity of 83%, and a positive prospective value (PPV of 99%. A comparison of partial-thickness tears showed a sensitivity of 83%, a specificity of 85%, and PPV of 39%. Linear regression analysis showed an excellent correlation between the MRI assessment and measurement at the time of surgery (r = 0.90, P < 0.01. MRI was useful in evaluating large and medium-sized rotator cuff tears, but less useful in distinguishing small full-thickness tears from partial-thickness tears.

Yamakawa S

2001-10-01

302

Sinochoanal polyp and its variant, the angiomatous polyp: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The angiomatous polyp corresponds to the vascular compromised nasochoanal part of a sinochoanal polyp. We describe the MRI characteristics of such lesions in four patients. All patients had an angiomatous polyp, in three cases as part of an antrochoanal polyp, and in one case as part of a sphenochoanal polyp. The unenhanced MR images depicted the typical appearance of a sinochoanal polyp, hypointense on T1-weighted and hyperintense on T2-weighted images. On gadolinium-enhanced MR images, the sinusal part showed little or no peripheral enhancement; however, the nasochoanal part, corresponding to the angiomatous polyp, showed strong enhancement. An angiomatous polyp mimics a hypervascular mass lesion on enhanced MR studies. The anatomic location and association with a sinusal polyp allows the correct diagnosis. (orig.)

2001-01-01

303

MRI Findings of Primary CNS Lymphoma in 26 Immunocompetent Patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To record the MR imaging features of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and compare these features in monofocal and multifocal disease. Twenty-one cases of monofocal disease were compared to five cases of multifocal disease. All patients were examined by nonenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Tumor location, tumor size, signal intensity, enhancement characteristics, age distribution, peritumoral edema, cystic changes, and the presence of calcifications were assessed. The MRI features were compared between the monofocal and multifocal disease cases. The 26 cases, including both the monofocal and multifocal cases, exhibited 37 lesions. Contrast-enhanced images showed variable enhancement patterns: homogeneous enhancement (33 lesions), ring-like enhancement (2), and 'open-ring-like' enhancement (2). The 'notch sign' was noted in four of 33 homogeneously enhancing lesions. One case of hemorrhage and three cases of cystic formation were observed. Intra-tumoral calcification was not found. The frontal lobe, the corpus callosum and the basal ganglia were commonly affected in both the monofocal and multifocal groups. Tumor size differed significantly between the two groups (t = 3.129, p < 0.01) and mildly or moderately enhanced lesions were more frequently found in the monofocal group (p < 0.05). There was no statistical difference between perifocal edema (p > 0.05) and the signal characteristics (p > 0.05) between the two groups. Our data show that PCNSL has a variable enhancement pattern on MR images. We first reported two lesions with an 'open-ring' enhancement as well as four cases with a 'notch sign'. Monofocal PCNSL cases typically have larger sized tumors with mild or moderate enhancement

Zhang, Dong; Wang, Wen Xian; Wen, Li; Zou, Li Guang [XinQiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, ChongQing (China); Hu, Liang Bo [The Second People' s Hospital of ChongQing, ChongQing (Korea, Republic of); Henning, Tobias D.; Ravarani, Elisabeth M. [Technical University Munich, Munich (Germany); Feng, Xiao Yuan [HuaShan Hospital, Medical Center of FuDan University, ShangHai (China)

2010-06-15

304

Comparison of hemodynamics of intracranial aneurysms between MR fluid dynamics using 3D cine phase-contrast MRI and MR-based computational fluid dynamics  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Hemodynamics is thought to play a very important role in the initiation, growth, and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. The purpose of our study was to compare hemodynamics of intracranial aneurysms of MR fluid dynamics (MRFD) using 3D cine PC MR imaging (4D-Flow) at 1.5 T and MR-based computational fluid dynamics (CFD). 4D-Flow was performed for five intracranial aneurysms by a 1.5 T MR scanner. 3D TOF MR angiography was performed for geometric information. The blood flow in the aneurysms was modeled using CFD simulation based on the finite element method. We used MR angiographic data as the vascular models and MR flow information as boundary conditions in CFD. 3D velocity vector fields, 3D streamlines, shearing velocity maps, wall shear stress (WSS) distribution maps and oscillatory shear index (OSI) distribution maps were obtained by MRFD and CFD and were compared. There was a moderate to high degree of correlation in 3D velocity vector fields and a low to moderate degree of correlation in WSS of aneurysms between MRFD and CFD using regression analysis. The patterns of 3D streamlines were similar between MRFD and CFD. The small and rotating shearing velocities and higher OSI were observed at the top of the spiral flow in the aneurysms. The pattern and location of shearing velocity in MRFD and CFD were similar. The location of high oscillatory shear index obtained by MRFD was near to that obtained by CFD. MRFD and CFD of intracranial aneurysms correlated fairly well. (orig.)

Isoda, Haruo; Sakahara, Harumi [Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka (Japan); Ohkura, Yasuhide; Kosugi, Takashi [Renaissance of Technology Corporation, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka (Japan); Hirano, Masaya [GE Healthcare Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Alley, Marcus T.; Bammer, Roland; Pelc, Norbert J. [Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Radiological Sciences Laboratory, Stanford, CA (United States); Namba, Hiroki [Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka (Japan)

2010-10-15

305

Radiological analysis of intraarterial chemotherapeutic effects in osteogenic sarcoma: focussed on MRI and IA DSA findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

For the evaluation of the effect of intraarterial chemotherapy with CDDP (cis-diaminedichloroplatinum) in the treatment of osteogenic sarcoma, we compared radiographic findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraarterial digital subtraction angiography (IA DSA) with the degree of tumor necrosis in pathologic specimens. The decrease in neovascularity and tumor stain in IA DSA showed good correlation with tumor response (necrosis) to IA chemotherapy. MRI was useful in the localization of intra-and extramedullary tumor, and detection of skip metastases, but signal intensity changes showed poor correlation with tumor response to chemotherapy. In gadolinium diethyl triamine pentaacetic acid enhanced MRI (Gd-DTPA MRI), the enhancing areas closely correlated with the areas of tumor stain in IA DSA. In conclusion, IA DSA is a good imaging tool and Gd-DTPA MRI is expected to become a more useful modality in the evaluation of tumor response to chemotherapy in osteogenic sarcoma

1991-09-01

306

Cine e identidades virtuales  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The subject is the ability the cinema has performed - since its very begining - as a creation instrument of national and transnational identities. In the first place, it covers Spanish cinema since 1938 and right after the end of the Spanish Civil War, II World War Italian-German cinema, Eisenstein’s, Leni Riefenstahl’s, Griffth’s and Ford’s cinema, the role American war and science fiction productions played, as well as the comedies dealing with the divided Berlin subject. The role of computers and video-games and the new cinema positionings that forecast the end of what is real, is studied through films such as Tron, The Lawnmower Man, Johnny Mnemonic, Ghost in the shell, Simone o Matrix.Se estudia la capacidad del cine desde sus orígenes como instrumento de generación de identidades nacionales y transnacionales. Se realiza, en primer lugar, un recorrido por el cine español desde 1938 y tras el final de la guerra civil, el cine italo-alemán de la II Guerra Mundial, el cine de Eisenstein, Leni Riefenstahl, Griffth y Ford, y el papel que jugaron las producciones norteamericanas bélicas y de ciencia ficción, así como las comedias sobre el Berlín dividido. El papel de los ordenadores y los videojuegos, y los nuevos planteamientos cinematográficos que pronostican el final de lo real se estudia a través de películas como Tron, El cortador de césped, Johnny Mnemonic, Ghost in the shell, Simone o Matrix.

Labrador Ben, Julia María

2006-12-01

307

MRI in the acute phase of spiral cord traumatic lesions: relationship between MRI findings and neurological outcome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose. To evaluate the role of emergency MRI in the diagnosis of acute spinal injuries, and to correlate the MRI pattern with the neurological outcome. Materials and methods. Thirty-eight patients with MRI-proven spinal cord injury were classified according to the Frankel classification. MRI was always performed within 8 hours from trauma. Frankel classification divides spinal cord injuries into 5 classes of decreasing severity based on the presence of motor and/or sensory function loss. On the basis of the MRI findings the patients were classified in 3 groups: group 1 (intramedullary haematoma), group 2 (multi-meta-mer oedema), group 3 (single-metamer oedema). All patients underwent neurosurgery and were clinically evaluated until the stabilization of neurological recovery. Mean follow-up lime was 12 months. The MR images were retrospectively evaluated and correlated to the neurological outcome. Results. Twenty eight patients showed complete motor loss (Frankel classes A and B); of these 28 patients 12 (42.8%) had MRI evidence of intramedullary haematoma, 12 (42.8%) had multi-metamer oedema and 4 (14.4%) had single-meta-mer oedema. Of the 10 patients with incomplete motor loss, none had MRI evidence of haemorrhage, 4 (40%) showed multi-metamer oedema and 6 (60%) showed single-meta-mer oedema. Follow-up clinical assessment revealed that 14/38 patients (36,8%) had clinical improvement and 2/38 cases (5%) had a complete motor recovery, as demonstrated by the move to a higher Frankel class. Conclusions. Our results, consistent with previous reports, confirm a strong correlation between the MRI appearance of traumatic spinal cord injuries in acute phase and long-term recovery of motor and sensory function: patients with initial haemorrhage had a poor prognosis, whereas those with spinal cord oedema had a good clinical outcome, as demonstrated by the passage to a higher Frankel class. MRI is particularly important in the initial evaluation of unconscious patients who cannot undergo a motor and sensory neurological evaluation, and to define the prognosis, which will influence the correct therapeutic choice

2005-11-01

308

Novel MRI finding for diagnosis of invasive placenta praevia: evaluation of findings for 65 patients using clinical and histopathological correlations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To review established magnetic resonance (MR) criteria and describe a new MR finding for the diagnosis of invasive placenta praevia. A retrospective review of prenatal MRI examinations of 65 patients (median age: 35 years) who underwent MR for the screening of invasive placenta praevia. All MRIs were performed on a 1.5-T unit, including axial, coronal and sagittal T2-weighted half-Fourier single-shot turbo spin echo imaging. Fifteen patients were diagnosed with invasive placenta praevia. Two experienced radiologists reviewed the MR images and evaluated a total of six MRI features of the placenta, including our novel finding of the placental protrusion into the internal os (placental protrusion sign). Inter-rater reliability was assessed by using kappa statistics. Features with a kappa statistic >0.40 were evaluated using Fisher's two-sided exact test for comparison of their capabilities for placental invasion assessment. Interobserver reliability was moderate or better for the intraplacental T2 dark band, intraplacental abnormal vascularity, uterine bulging, heterogeneous placenta and placental protrusion sign. Fisher's two-sided exact test results showed all these features were significantly associated with invasive placenta praevia. The novel MRI finding of a placental protrusion sign is a useful addition to the established MRI findings for the diagnosis of invasive placenta praevia. (orig.)

2014-04-01

309

Novel MRI finding for diagnosis of invasive placenta praevia: evaluation of findings for 65 patients using clinical and histopathological correlations  

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To review established magnetic resonance (MR) criteria and describe a new MR finding for the diagnosis of invasive placenta praevia. A retrospective review of prenatal MRI examinations of 65 patients (median age: 35 years) who underwent MR for the screening of invasive placenta praevia. All MRIs were performed on a 1.5-T unit, including axial, coronal and sagittal T2-weighted half-Fourier single-shot turbo spin echo imaging. Fifteen patients were diagnosed with invasive placenta praevia. Two experienced radiologists reviewed the MR images and evaluated a total of six MRI features of the placenta, including our novel finding of the placental protrusion into the internal os (placental protrusion sign). Inter-rater reliability was assessed by using kappa statistics. Features with a kappa statistic >0.40 were evaluated using Fisher's two-sided exact test for comparison of their capabilities for placental invasion assessment. Interobserver reliability was moderate or better for the intraplacental T2 dark band, intraplacental abnormal vascularity, uterine bulging, heterogeneous placenta and placental protrusion sign. Fisher's two-sided exact test results showed all these features were significantly associated with invasive placenta praevia. The novel MRI finding of a placental protrusion sign is a useful addition to the established MRI findings for the diagnosis of invasive placenta praevia. (orig.)

Ueno, Yoshiko; Kitajima, Kazuhiro; Maeda, Tetsuo; Suenaga, Yuko; Takahashi, Satoru; Sugimura, Kazuro [Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kobe (Japan); Kawakami, Fumi [Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Kobe (Japan); Matsuoka, Shozo; Tanimura, Kenji; Yamada, Hideto [Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kobe (Japan); Ohno, Yoshiharu [Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kobe (Japan); Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Advanced Biomedical Imaging Research, Kobe (Japan)

2014-04-15

310

MRI findings in Tolosa-Hunt syndrome before and after systemic corticosteroid therapy  

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Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is characterized by painful ophthalmoplegia due to a granulomatous inflammation in the cavernous sinus. Corticosteroid therapy dramatically resolves both the clinical and radiological findings of THS. We present MRI findings of six patients with a clinical history of at least one episode of unilateral or bilateral orbital-periorbital pain, clinical findings of associated paresis of one or more of 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th cranial nerves. All of the patients revealed an enlargement of the symptomatic cavernous sinus on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Five patients revealed total resolution of the clinical findings within 1-8 weeks, following systemic corticosteroid treatment. One patient revealed only minor regression of clinical findings within 2 weeks after the initiation of the treatment, so the cavernous sinus lesion was reevaluated as meningioma on MRI, and the patient underwent surgical resection of the mass with resultant histopathological finding of cavernous sinus meningioma. A follow-up MRI scan was performed for five patients at the end of 8-weeks of steroid therapy. Three of these five patients showed total resolution of the cavernous sinus lesions whereas two of them revealed a partial regression of the cavernous sinus lesions. MRI findings before and after systemic corticosteroid therapy are important diagnostic criteria to put the definitive diagnosis of THS and to differentiate it from other cavernous sinus lesions that simulate THS both clinically and radiologically.

Cakirer, Sinan E-mail: scakirer@yahoo.com

2003-02-01

311

Tendon involvement in rheumatoid arthritis of the wrist: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective. To evaluate the distribution and extent of wrist tendon alterations in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Design and patients. Forty-three clinically active RA patients with an illness duration of less than 4 years and no clinical evidence of tendons tears were enrolled in the study. There were 10 men and 33 women, with an average age of 52 years (range 33-63 years). MRI of both wrists, with one exception, was performed at 1.0 T using T1- and T2-weighted sequences (slice thickness 3 mm). Twelve healthy subjects (8 women, 4 men; mean age 31 years) were also evaluated as a control group. Two radiologists reviewed each of four schematic anatomical regions (volar, dorsal, ulnar, radial) for the degree of tendon and tendon sheath alterations using two progressive scales. Results. In the control group all tendons had homogeneous low signal intensity on all sequences. A small amount of fluid was found in six subjects but the diameter was always less than 1 mm. In the patient group minimal fluid (5mm) in 26 (31%) and grade 3 fluid (>5 mm) in 24 (28%). Fiftynine (69%) of the grade 1 changes were in the volar compartment but grade 2 involvement was evenly distributed. Grade 3 changes were most common in the dorsal compartment and combined grade 2 and 3 in the dorsal and ulnar compartments were 32 (38%) and 25 (30%) compared with 16 (18%) and 17 (20%) respectively in the volar and radial compartments. The tendons were normal (grade 0) in 47 (46%) wrists. A maximum tendon signal change (grade 1) was demonstrated in 28 wrists (32%). When associated with other individual tendons grades this grade was demonstrated in the dorsal compartment in 30 (35%) wrists, in the volar compartment in 12 (14%), in the radial compartment in 17 (20%) and in the ulnar compartment in 26 (30%). A partial tear (grade 2) was detected in 7 (8%) wrists, all involving the dorsal and ulnar compartments; five underwent surgical repair and one proved to have a complete rupture of extensor digitorum. Three (3%) had a grade 3 complete tendon tear: All of these were in extensor tendons. Surgical repair was successful in one case but two ruptured again within 3 months. (orig.)

2001-03-01

312

Tendon involvement in rheumatoid arthritis of the wrist: MRI findings  

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Objective. To evaluate the distribution and extent of wrist tendon alterations in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Design and patients. Forty-three clinically active RA patients with an illness duration of less than 4 years and no clinical evidence of tendons tears were enrolled in the study. There were 10 men and 33 women, with an average age of 52 years (range 33-63 years). MRI of both wrists, with one exception, was performed at 1.0 T using T1- and T2-weighted sequences (slice thickness 3 mm). Twelve healthy subjects (8 women, 4 men; mean age 31 years) were also evaluated as a control group. Two radiologists reviewed each of four schematic anatomical regions (volar, dorsal, ulnar, radial) for the degree of tendon and tendon sheath alterations using two progressive scales. Results. In the control group all tendons had homogeneous low signal intensity on all sequences. A small amount of fluid was found in six subjects but the diameter was always less than 1 mm. In the patient group minimal fluid (<2 mm) was found in 35 (41%) wrists, grade 2 fluid (<2>5mm) in 26 (31%) and grade 3 fluid (>5 mm) in 24 (28%). Fiftynine (69%) of the grade 1 changes were in the volar compartment but grade 2 involvement was evenly distributed. Grade 3 changes were most common in the dorsal compartment and combined grade 2 and 3 in the dorsal and ulnar compartments were 32 (38%) and 25 (30%) compared with 16 (18%) and 17 (20%) respectively in the volar and radial compartments. The tendons were normal (grade 0) in 47 (46%) wrists. A maximum tendon signal change (grade 1) was demonstrated in 28 wrists (32%). When associated with other individual tendons grades this grade was demonstrated in the dorsal compartment in 30 (35%) wrists, in the volar compartment in 12 (14%), in the radial compartment in 17 (20%) and in the ulnar compartment in 26 (30%). A partial tear (grade 2) was detected in 7 (8%) wrists, all involving the dorsal and ulnar compartments; five underwent surgical repair and one proved to have a complete rupture of extensor digitorum. Three (3%) had a grade 3 complete tendon tear: All of these were in extensor tendons. Surgical repair was successful in one case but two ruptured again within 3 months. (orig.)

Valeri, G.; Ferrara, C.; Ercolani, P.; De Nigris, E. [Ancona Univ. (Italy). Dept. of Radiology; Giovagnoni, A. [Modena Univ. (Italy). Dept. of Radiology

2001-03-01

313

Ependymomas of the posterior cranial fossa: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We studied nine children with posterior cranial fossa ependymomas to identify specific neuroradiological features. Patients were studied preoperatively with CT and MRI; T1-, T2- and proton-density (PD)-weighted images were obtained. All children underwent surgery and a definite histopathological diagnosis was made. All the tumours grew into the fourth ventricle and caused dilatation of its upper part, which resembled a cap. All but one were separated from the vermis by a cleavage plane. In eight cases there was desmoplastic development through the foramina of the fourth ventricle, and five were heterogeneous due to necrosis and cystic change; one had a haemorrhagic area. In most cases the solid portion was isointense with grey matter on T1-weighted images, hyperintense on PD weighting, and isointense on T2-weighted images. On CT the tumour was isodense in six cases and calcification was detected in four. The presence of both desmoplastic development and a tumour/vermis cleavage plane in a posterior cranial fossa tumour isodense on CT is highly suggestive of ependymoma. (orig.)

1995-04-01

314

Neurovascular compression of cranial nerves: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The compression of a nervous structure by an aberrant vessel may be asymptomatic or produce an important symptoms, in these cases CT and MRI show relevant information. Materials and Methods: Between January 1998 and March 2001, we studied 27 patients: 8 with trigeminal neuralgia, 7 with hemi facial spasm, 4 vertigo and tinnitus, 2 hemianopsia, 1 with neuralgia of the amygdalin fossa, 1 with bitonal voice, 1 with tongue deviation with fascicular movements, 2 essential hypertension and 1 with severe headache. All of them had a neurologic evaluation from 2 specialists and 2 neuro radiologists interpreted the results. Results: The CT and RMI images with special sequences allowed to prove the compression of the entry segments of the V, VII, IX, X and XII cranial nerves, of the optic chiasma and the ventrolateral aspect of the medulla oblongata in close relation with the vasopressor centre. Also they demonstrate a rare vessel in the Silvio aqueduct avoiding the normal flow of the CSF. Of the total of patients that were studied, 37% had surgical confirmation. Conclusion: CT and RMI are sensitive and specific methods for the detection of vascular compressions of nervous structures. (author)

2002-01-01

315

A case of hippocampal sclerosis diagnosed as cortical dysplasia due to preoperative brain MRI finding  

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Full Text Available Hippocampal sclerosis (HS is one of the most common features of intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Generally it can be identified through brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI with high degree of sensitivity and specificity. Typical brain MRI findings of HS are hippocampal atrophy with hyperintense signal confined to the lesion. On the other hand cortical dysplasia exhibits blurring of the gray-white matter junction and abnormal white matter signal intensity. We present a case where preoperative brain MRI strongly suggested the presence of diffuse cortical dysplasia in the left temporal lobe but postoperative pathology revealed the temporal lesion to be unremarkable except for hippocampal sclerosis.

Jun Seok Lee

2010-01-01

316

Whole-heart cine MRI in a single breath-hold. A compressed sensing accelerated 3D acquisition technique for assessment of cardiac function  

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to perform functional MR imaging of the whole heart in a single breath-hold using an undersampled 3 D trajectory for data acquisition in combination with compressed sensing for image reconstruction. Materials and Methods: Measurements were performed using an SSFP sequence on a 3 T whole-body system equipped with a 32-channel body array coil. A 3 D radial stack-of-stars sampling scheme was utilized enabling efficient undersampling of the k-space and thereby accelerating data acquisition. Compressed sensing was applied for the reconstruction of the missing data. A validation study was performed based on a fully sampled dataset acquired by standard Cartesian cine imaging of 2 D slices on a healthy volunteer. The results were investigated with regard to systematic errors and resolution losses possibly introduced by the developed reconstruction. Subsequently, the proposed technique was applied for in-vivo functional cardiac imaging of the whole heart in a single breath-hold of 27 s. The developed technique was tested on three healthy volunteers to examine its reproducibility. Results: By means of the results of the simulation (temporal resolution: 47 ms, spatial resolution: 1.4 x 1.4 x 8 mm, 3 D image matrix: 208 x 208 x 10), an overall acceleration factor of 10 has been found where the compressed sensing reconstructed image series shows only very low systematic errors and a slight in-plane resolution loss of 15 %. The results of the in-vivo study (temporal resolution: 40.5 ms, spatial resolution: 2.1 x 2.1 x 8 mm, 3 D image matrix: 224 x 224 x 12) performed with an acceleration factor of 10.7 confirm the overall good image quality of the presented technique for undersampled acquisitions. Conclusion: The combination of 3 D radial data acquisition and model-based compressed sensing reconstruction allows high acceleration factors enabling cardiac functional imaging of the whole heart within only one breath-hold. The image quality in the simulated dataset and the in-vivo measurement highlights the great potential of the presented technique for an efficient assessment of cardiac functional parameters. (orig.)

Wech, T.; Koestler, H. [Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. of Radiology; Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Comprehensive Heart Failure Center; Pickl, W.; Tran-Gia, J.; Ritter, C.; Hahn, D. [Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. of Radiology; Beer, M. [Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. of Radiology; Graz Univ. (Austria). University Hospital Radiology

2014-01-15

317

MRI findings and clinical outcome in 45 divers with spinal cord decompression sickness.  

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BACKGROUND: Decompression sickness (DCS) affecting the spinal cord is the most dangerous form of diving-related injury with potential sequelae. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between spinal cord lesions on MRI and clinical findings in divers with spinal DCS. METHODS: We studied 45 cases of DCS that were referred to our hyperbaric facility with clinical evidence of spinal involvement during the period 2002-2007. The study included only patients who underwent MRI within 1...

Gempp, Emmanuel; Blatteau, Jean-eric; Stephant, Eric; Pontier, Jean-michel; Constantin, Pascal; Pe?ny, Christophe

2008-01-01

318

Pulmonary Aspergillus chest wall involvement in chronic granulomatous disease: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Pulmonary Aspergillus infection in patients with chronic granulomatous disease tends to involve the chest wall and consequently carries a high mortality rate. We report the findings of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in three such cases. We suggest that CT and MRI have a complementary role in evaluating chest wall invasion by pulmonary Aspergillus infection in chronic granulomatous disease. (orig./GDG)

1991-01-01

319

Identifying biological pathways in the MRI findings of people with low back pain  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Title Identifying biological pathways in the MRI findings of people with low back pain Authors and affiliations Rikke K Jensen1, Tue Secher Jensen1, Per Kjaer1,2, Peter Kent1 1Research Department, Spine Centre of Southern Denmark, Hospital Lillebaelt, Institute of Regional Health Services Research, University of Southern Denmark, Part of the Clinical Locomotion Network, Middelfart, Denmark. 2Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Part of the Clinical Locomotion Network, Odense, Denmark Contact email rikke.kruger.jensen@slb.regionsyddanmark.dk Background Investigations into the association between lumbar MRI findings and low back pain (LBP) are complicated by multiple MRI findings being present at the same time. Findings such as lumbar intervertebral disc protrusions or endplate changes almost always co-exist with other degenerative disc findings such as the reduction of disc height and signal intensity. Despite this, the majority of previous research has focused solely on the associations between single imaging findings and pain or other clinical outcomes. Only recently have researchers started to engage with this complexity of MRI findings. An initial strategy to advance this area of investigation would be to recognise which MRI findings typically occur together and whether those clusters appear to reflect discrete biological pathways. Therefore, the objectives of this proof-of-concept study were to identify which vertebral MRI findings cluster together and describe plausible biological pathways that these clusters might represent. Methods All participants were people with chronic LBP seeking a comprehensive evaluation at an outpatient spine clinic in a Danish university hospital. Data for this study was extracted from the MRI findings of 631 people (3,155 lumbar spine motion segments) whose images were quantitatively coded using a detailed research protocol as part of the recruitment phase of two clinical trials. Reproducibility is high when using this MRI coding protocol (kappa 0.52-0.97). The MRI variables included in this study were information on intervertebral disc height and signal intensity, disc protrusions, high intensity zones, size and type of vertebral endplate signal changes, vertebral endplate irregularities and defects, osteophytes, and spondylolisthesis. Latent class analysis (probabilistic data mining) was used to distinguish the best fitting clusters of MRI findings. The distribution of lumbar disc levels in each cluster was also reported. Based on known histological changes inherent in the degeneration process of the motion segment, the clusters were grouped into hypothetical biological pathways. Results Latent class analysis identified twelve clusters of MRI findings. One cluster, characterised by no abnormal MRI findings, contained 52% of the motion segments and represented the normal, pre-degenerative motion segments. The following hypothetical pathways were derived from the content of the other clusters: (i) two clusters representing progressive stages of disc degeneration in the lower lumbar levels; (ii) four clusters representing progressive stages of disc protrusions and endplate changes in the lower lumbar levels; (iii) two cluster with endplate changes at either the upper or the lower endplates; (iv) two clusters containing progressive endplate changes and disc degeneration at the upper lumbar levels only; and lastly, (v) one cluster containing osteophytes at the upper lumbar motion segments. Conclusions MRI findings of lumbar vertebral motion segments were grouped into twelve clusters and those clusters fitted into a model of five different biological pathways of degeneration. Future research will test the association between these clusters and clinically important characteristics such as pain and activity limitation.

Jensen, Rikke Krüger; Jensen, Tue Secher

320

MRI findings of the brainstem of the neuro-Behcet syndrome  

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We reported three cases of neuro-Behcet's syndrome which showed brainstem lesions on MRI compatible with the clinical symptoms. In Case 1, MRI showed a large, abnormal signal-intensity area in the pons and small, abnormal signal-intensity areas at the right cerebral peduncle, the bilateral basal ganglia, and the left thalamus. These lesions disappeared on MRI, in accordance with the remission of clinical symptoms. On the other hand, CT showed no positive findings. In Case 2, an abnormal signal-intensity area was disclosed at the left cerebral peduncle on MRI. This lesion was also identified on the CT scan. In Case 3, an abnormal signal-intensity area was present in the pons on MRI. In this case, CT showed no positive findings. In Cases 2 and 3, these lesions seemed to represent inflammatory or necrotic areas attributable to vasculitis;however, the extensive brainstem lesion seen on the MRI of Case 1 was a quite unique finding, for which no exact pathophysiological explanation is possible at the present time.

Fujiki, Naoto; Tashiro, Kunio; Yamada, Takayoshi; Ito, Kazunori; Honma, Sanae; Doi, Shizuki; Moriwaka, Fumio

1987-10-01

 
 
 
 
321

MRI findings of the brainstem of the neuro-Behcet syndrome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We reported three cases of neuro-Behcet's syndrome which showed brainstem lesions on MRI compatible with the clinical symptoms. In Case 1, MRI showed a large, abnormal signal-intensity area in the pons and small, abnormal signal-intensity areas at the right cerebral peduncle, the bilateral basal ganglia, and the left thalamus. These lesions disappeared on MRI, in accordance with the remission of clinical symptoms. On the other hand, CT showed no positive findings. In Case 2, an abnormal signal-intensity area was disclosed at the left cerebral peduncle on MRI. This lesion was also identified on the CT scan. In Case 3, an abnormal signal-intensity area was present in the pons on MRI. In this case, CT showed no positive findings. In Cases 2 and 3, these lesions seemed to represent inflammatory or necrotic areas attributable to vasculitis; however, the extensive brainstem lesion seen on the MRI of Case 1 was a quite unique finding, for which no exact pathophysiological explanation is possible at the present time. (author)

1987-01-01

322

MRI findings in posterior disc prolapse associated with cervical fracture dislocation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although disc injury is common in cervical spinal fractures the mechanism of disc herniation in cervical fracture dislocations is not known. This study evaluated the pathogenesis of disc hernia in cervical fracture dislocations. Twenty-two patients who underwent anterior and posterior spinal fixation were studied. Findings of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were compared with surgical findings. During surgery, cervical disk hernia were found in six patients (27 %), and the MRI finding of these patients were evaluated in detail. We concluded that the characteristic MRI findings of cervical disc hernia are as follows: 1) discontinuity of injured disc, 2) anterior indentation of spinal cord at the site of dislocated vertebral body, and 3) signal irregularity at the site of interspace between dislocated vertebral body and spinal cord. (author)

1994-03-01

323

Abnormal findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus involving the brain  

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To elucidate the clinical significance of MRI on central nervous system systemic lupus erythematosus (CNS-SLE), MRI and CT scans were performed in 35 patients with SLE, of 18 patients who had CNS manifestations at the time of MRI examinations. The investigations were also carried out in 17 patients without CNS-SLE. The rate of detection of abnormal findings on MRI in patients with CNS-SLE was 77.2% (14/18), which was high, as compared with the rate of those on CT scans (50%: 9/18). Especially, all of 4 patients with seizure and 3 patients with encephalopathy showed abnormal MRI findings, although respectively 50% and 33.3% of them had abnormal CT scan findings. MRI findings were classified into 4 groups below: (1) Large focal are as increased signal intensity at T2 weighted image. These were observed in 2 of 4 patients with seizure and 1 of 3 patients with encephalopathy, which were completely resolved after treatment. (2) Patchy subcortical foci of increased signal intensity at T2 weighted image. These were observed in 11 of 18 CNS-SLE and 7 of 17 without CNS-SLE, which were not detected by CT scan. (3) All of six patients with cerebral infarctions showed high signal intensity areas at T2 weighted image and low signal intensity areas at T1 weighted image. (4) Normal findings were observed in 4 of 18 CNS-SLE (22.2%). We concluded that MRI is useful for the evaluation of CNS-SLE and provides more information than CT scan. (author).

Ishikawa, Akira; Okada, Jun; Kondo, Hirobumi (Kitasato Univ., Sagamihara, Kanagawa (Japan). School of Medicine); Kashiwazaki, Sadao

1992-06-01

324

MRI findings in the liver of biliary atresia patients. Changes in postoperative course  

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We studied the morphological changes in the liver in the postoperative course of biliary atresia (BA) patients by means of periodic MRI. Periodic MRI (every year) was done in 24 of 34 patients, who were operated on at our institute by hepatic portoenterostomy. For the 24 patients studied, we investigated the changes in liver morphology seen in the following MRI findings. Inflammation and fibrosis in the portal system areas: Fibrosis in the peripheral liver lobe: Atrophy of the liver lobe: Reconstructive change in the liver parenchyma. Three images, T1 weighted image (WI) with and without Gd-DTPA, and T2 WI, were taken in each examination. We also studied the correlation between the MRI findings and level of total bilirubin in serum. The results were as follows: The inflammation and fibrosis in the portal system areas were marked just after the operation, and then decreased during the 3-5 year postoperative period. The degree of other MRI findings gradually increased during the 3-5 year postoperative period. The degree of these MRI findings had not changed at the end of the 5th postoperative year. The extent of the MRI findings, except for that of peripheral liver atrophy, was correlated with the increase in the level of total bilirubin in serum. These results indicate that the inflammation and/or fibrosis either remained static or progressed in the liver of postoperative BA patients during the 3-5 year postoperative period, and that these changes in the liver become irreversible after the 5 year postoperative period. The morphological changes found in this study could reflect the pathogenesis in the liver of postoperative BA patients. (author)

Takahashi, Atsushi; Hatakeyama, Shinitsu; Suzuki, Norio; Kuroiwa, Minoru; Ikeda, Hitoshi; Tsuchida, Yoshiaki [Gunma Children' s Medical Center, Kitatachibana (Japan)

2000-08-01

325

Abnormal findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus involving the brain  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To elucidate the clinical significance of MRI on central nervous system systemic lupus erythematosus (CNS-SLE), MRI and CT scans were performed in 35 patients with SLE, of 18 patients who had CNS manifestations at the time of MRI examinations. The investigations were also carried out in 17 patients without CNS-SLE. The rate of detection of abnormal findings on MRI in patients with CNS-SLE was 77.2% (14/18), which was high, as compared with the rate of those on CT scans (50%: 9/18). Especially, all of 4 patients with seizure and 3 patients with encephalopathy showed abnormal MRI findings, although respectively 50% and 33.3% of them had abnormal CT scan findings. MRI findings were classified into 4 groups below: 1) Large focal are as increased signal intensity at T2 weighted image. These were observed in 2 of 4 patients with seizure and 1 of 3 patients with encephalopathy, which were completely resolved after treatment. 2) Patchy subcortical foci of increased signal intensity at T2 weighted image. These were observed in 11 of 18 CNS-SLE and 7 of 17 without CNS-SLE, which were not detected by CT scan. 3) All of six patients with cerebral infarctions showed high signal intensity areas at T2 weighted image and low signal intensity areas at T1 weighted image. 4) Normal findings were observed in 4 of 18 CNS-SLE (22.2%). We concluded that MRI is useful for the evaluation of CNS-SLE and provides more information than CT scan. (author)

1992-01-01

326

Prevalence and type of incidental extramammary findings in MRI of the breast  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To analyze prevalence and type of relevant incidental findings in patients undergoing breast MRI. Materials and Methods: This prospective investigation consists of 1013 patients who underwent breast MRI as follow-up after breast cancer therapy, for pre-operative staging, and for screening of high-risk patients as well as for clarification of unclear clinical examinations and inconclusive conventional mammography. Prevalence and type of relevant incidental extramammary findings were recorded together with the indication of the examination. Results: Incidental extramammary findings were encountered in 92 (9%) of the 1013 patients. MRI had markedly more incidental extramammary findings with the staging examinations (39.5%) and follow-up examinations (11.6%). The prevalence of incidental malignant findings was 81% in patients examined for pre-operative staging. Incidental benign and malignant findings were equally frequent in patients followed after breast cancer therapy. The incidental findings were exclusively benign in patients without a history of breast cancer. Conclusion: The interpretation of breast MRI should incorporate a careful analysis of the adjacent extramammary structures. Especially patients followed after breast cancer therapy can be expected to have incidental malignant findings outside the breast. (orig.)

2003-02-01

327

Brain MRI findings in patients with initial cerebral thrombosis and the relationship between incidental findings, aging and dementia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To estimate the relationship between aging, dementia and changes observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) seen in elderly patients with cerebral thrombosis, MRI findings in 103 patients with an initial stroke event (thrombosis group) were compared with those of 37 patients with hypertension/diabetes (high risk group) and 78 patients without those disorders (low risk group). In addition to the causative lesions in the thrombosis group, periventricular hyperintensities (PVH), spotty lesions (SL), silent infarctions (SI), ventricular dilatation (VD), and cortical atrophy (CA) were analyzed in these groups. Infarctions located in the internal capsule/corona radiata were the most frequent causative lesion. Compared to the low risk group, a high incidence of patchy/diffuse PVH, SI, and severe CA was seen in both the thrombosis group and the high risk group. Widespread PVH and multiple SL increased with age in the thrombosis group, while severe CA was seen in each group. SI and VD tended to increase after age 60, though they were not significant. Dementia, diagnosed in 40 out of 78 patients, increased with age. Multivariate analysis revealed the degree of the effects of MRI findings on dementia to be marked in PVH, brain atrophy, causative lesions, and SL, in that order. These results indicated that diffuse PVH and brain atrophy, developing with age, promoted dementia in the elderly with vascular lesions. Moreover, they suggested that a variety of silent brain lesions recognized on MRI other than infarction can affect symptoms in the elderly. (author)

1994-11-01

328

CORRELATION OF PAIN AND DISABILITY WITH MRI FINDINGS IN PATIENTS WITH LUMBAR DISCOGENIC BACK PAIN  

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Full Text Available Background: Lumbar disc prolapse is one of the common causes of low back pain seen in the working population. There are contradictorty reports regarding the clinical significance of various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings observed in these patients. Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the association of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings with intensity of pain and self reported disability among persons with lumbar discogenic back pain. Material And Methods: A consecutive series of patients aged between 20 – 50 years, who were investigated by MRI of lumbar spine because of LBP(Low Back Pain were selected.LBP intensity was measured by using Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS and functional disability by Modified Oswestry Disability Questionnaire (MODI. Each MRI scan was assessed and graded by radiologist according to standardized protocol. Results: The Pearson’s correlation coefficient for pain intensity on NPRS (r value = -0.01614 and disability percentage ( r value =-0.5628 in discogenic back pain patients demonstrated negative correlation. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that there is no association of MRI findings in the lumbar spine with intensity of pain and disability among persons with lumbar discogenic back pain.

Surendra K. Wani

2014-04-01

329

CT and MRI findings in mucoceles of paranasal sinuses and their diagnostic value  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the CT and MRI findings of mucoceles of paranasal sinuses and their value in differential diagnosis between mucoceles and tumors. Methods: Twenty-two cases including 37 mucoceles were studied. CT was performed in all and MRI was performed in 10 cases. CT and MRI findings were analysed and correlated with operative findings. Results: Of 37 mucoceles, 19 were found in ethmoid sinuses, 9 in frontal sinuses, 5 in sphenoid sinuses and 4 in maxillary sinuses. Sinus expansion and thinning of sinus walls were found in all 37 sinuses with mucoceles on CT. Bony defect in sinus wall was found in 24 sinuses resulting in protrusion of the mucoceles into adjacent structures. CT showed low density with respect to muscle in 26 sinuses, identical density in 6 sinuses and high density in 5 sinuses and peripheral sinus mucosa enhancement in 7 cases. On MRI, the mucocele contents exhibited various signal intensities on T1- and T2-weighted images according to the protein concentration. Eight cases who underwent contrast study showed peripheral mucosa enhancement. Conclusions: CT and MRI can accurately display the location and characteristic findings of mucoceles and play an important role in diagnosis and differential diagnosis

1999-04-01

330

Mechanism of traumatic knee injuries and MRI findings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bone bruises are focal abnormalities in subchondral bone marrow due to trabecular microfractures as a result of traumatic force. These trauma-induced lesions are better detected with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging using water-sensitive sequences. Moreover, the pattern of bone bruise is distinctive and allows us to understand the dynamics of trauma and to predict associated soft injuries. This article discusses the mechanism of traumatic injury and MR findings. PMID:23949934

Ciuffreda, P; Lelario, M; Milillo, P; Vinci, R; Coppolino, F; Stoppino, L P; Genovese, E A; Macarini, L

2013-08-01

331

Spinal MRI Findings of Guillain-Barré Syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Guillain-Barré syndrome is a relatively common, acute, and rapidly progressive, inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. The diagnosis is usually established on the basis of symptoms and signs, aided by cerebrospinal fluid findings and electrophysiologic criteria. Previously, radiologic examinations have been used only to rule out other spinal abnormalities. We report a case of systemic lupus erythematosus associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome with marked enhancement of nerve roots of the conus medullaris and cauda equina on MR imaging. These MR observations may help confirm the diagnosis of Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Ozlem Alkan

2009-03-01

332

Lumbar disc herniation at high levels : MRI and clinical findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess the frequency, location, associated MR findings, and clinical symptoms of the high level lumbar disc herniation(HLDH). A total of 1076 patients with lunbar disc herniation were retrospectively reviewed. MR images of 41 of these with HLDH(T12-L1, L1-2, L2-3) were analysed in terms of frequency, location, and associated MR findings, and correlated with clinical symptoms of HLDH. The prevalence of HLDH was 3.8%(41/1076). HLDH was located at T12-L1 level in four patients(10%), at L1-2 level in 14(34%), at L2-3 level in 21(51%), and at both L1-2 and L2-3 levels in two. The age of patients ranged from 20 to 72 years (mean, 44), and there were 26 men and 16 women. In 11(27%), whose mean age was 32 years, isolated disc herniation was limited to these high lumbar segments. The remaining 30 patients had HLDH associated with variable involvement of the lower lumbar segments. Associated lesions were as follow : lower level disc herniation(14 patients, 34%); apophyseal ring fracture(8 patients, 19%); Schmorl's node and spondylolisthesis (each 6 patients, each 14%); spondylolysis(3 patients, 7%); and retrolisthesis(2 patients, 5%). In 20 patients(49%) with HLDH(n=41), there was a previous history of trauma. Patients with HLDH showed a relatively high incidence of associated coexisting abnormalities such as lower lumbar disc herniation, apophyseal ring fracture, Schmorl's node, spondylolysis, and retrolisthesis. In about half of all patients with HLDH there was a previous history of trauma. The mean age of patients with isolated HLDH was lower; clinical symptoms of the condition were relatively nonspecific and their incidence was low

1999-04-01

333

The accommodation of EMG and MRI findings in patients with radicular low back pain  

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Full Text Available "nBackground: There are multiple diagnostic methods for evaluation of patients with low back pain with a radicular pattern, each one has it's own accuracy and diagnostic ability and so comparing them with each other would help the clinicians to find the best diagnostic method. The main objective of our study was to compare the diagnostic accommodation of electromyography (EMG and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI findings in patients with low back pain and radiculopathy. "n"nMethods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 101 patients with low back pain and radiculopathy attending to Sina Hospital in Tehran, Iran from 2007 to 2009 that had indication for both EMG and MRI were evaluated for their demographic characteristics and disease-related factors. "n"nResults: Totally, 90 out of 101 patients (89% had abnormal EMG findings and 94 out of 101 subjects (93% had abnormal MRI results. The concordance rate was 88% (89 patients with no significant difference (p> 0.05. The sensitivity and specificity of MRI were 95.6% and 27.3%, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity of EMG were 91.5% and 60%, respectively. "n"nConclusion: According to the results of this study and in comparison with other studies it may be concluded that MRI and EMG are both accurate and use of them in a concomitant manner would result in increased diagnostic ability in patients with low back pain and radiculopathy.

Koushan A

2010-08-01

334

Differences in MRI findings in cases showing ring-enhancement on a CT scan  

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It is sometimes difficult to differentiate between a brain abscess and a tumor, for both show ring-enhancement on a CT scan. The present authors have studied the benefit of MRI for the differential diagnosis of these two lesions. The subjects of this study were 6 cases of brain abscess and 10 cases of brain tumor, all of them showing ring-enhancement on a CT scan. The MRI findings were compared with those of the CT scan taken at almost the same time, especially focussing on the difference in the ring-enhancement. In 5 out of the 6 cases of brain abscess, T{sub 2}-weighted MRI demonstrated a comparatively thin and homogeneous low-intensity, round rim. In the cases of brain tumor, however, none of the cases demonstrated this typical low-intensity, round rim; rather, in them the rim was thick and irregular. The authors can conclude that those MRI findings can serve as important differential diagnostic findings between brain abscess and tumor; also, MRI may be used as a landmark for terminating the administration of antibiotics in cases of brain abscess. (author).

Tokiwa, Kaichi; Hashimoto, Takashi; Miyasaka, Yoshio; Yada, Kenzoh; Kan, Shinichi (Kitasato Univ., Sagamihara, Kanagawa (Japan). School of Medicine); Takagi, Hiroshi

1990-04-01

335

Differences in MRI findings in cases showing ring-enhancement on a CT scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

It is sometimes difficult to differentiate between a brain abscess and a tumor, for both show ring-enhancement on a CT scan. The present authors have studied the benefit of MRI for the differential diagnosis of these two lesions. The subjects of this study were 6 cases of brain abscess and 10 cases of brain tumor, all of them showing ring-enhancement on a CT scan. The MRI findings were compared with those of the CT scan taken at almost the same time, especially focussing on the difference in the ring-enhancement. In 5 out of the 6 cases of brain abscess, T2-weighted MRI demonstrated a comparatively thin and homogeneous low-intensity, round rim. In the cases of brain tumor, however, none of the cases demonstrated this typical low-intensity, round rim; rather, in them the rim was thick and irregular. The authors can conclude that those MRI findings can serve as important differential diagnostic findings between brain abscess and tumor; also, MRI may be used as a landmark for terminating the administration of antibiotics in cases of brain abscess. (author)

1990-01-01

336

MRI findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the soft tissue  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To describe MR findings in inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the soft tissue. Methods: MR manifestations of 11 cases of IMT of the soft tissue were retrospectively analyzed, and the MR findings were correlated with surgical and histological results. Results: The pathological classification of the tumors was type I in 1 case, type II in 4 cases, mainly type II admixed with type I in 3 cases, and mainly type II admixed with type III in 3 eases. In 4 cases with primary tumor, the tumors were spheroid in shape, with well-defined margin and pseudocapsule. In 2 eases with primary axillary tumor and 5 cases with recurrent tumor, the tumors were irregular in shape, with ill-defined margin and invasion of adjacent structures. The tumors were mainly isointensive in T1-weighted images. Tumors of different pathological classifications had different signal intensities in T2-weighted images: 1 case of type I tumor was bright; 4 cases of type II tumor and 3 cases of type II tumor admixed with type I tumor were slightly bright; 3 cases of type II tumor admixed with type III were isointense or slightly hypointense in signal. All of the 11 cases in the study exhibited 'pitaya cross-section sign' in T2-weighted sequence, which referred to discrete punctuate foci of relatively hypointensity in the background of hyperintensity, slightly hypointensity or isointensity. All of the 11 cases exhibited inhomogeneously significant enhancement after gadolinium administration. In the follow-up of the 6 eases of primary tumor, 4 cases had recurrence, 1 case had no recurrence, and 1 case was lost in the follow-up process. In the follow-up of the 5 cases of recurrent tumor, 4 cases showed recurrence again, and 3 cases were lost in the follow-up process. Conclusions: The IMT of the soft tissue has characteristic MR features. The signal intensity of the tumor on T2-weighted sequence could reflect the pathological type of the tumor' to some extent. 'pitaya cross-section sign' could be a pathogenomic sign of the IMT of the soft tissue. (authors)

2008-05-01

337

Ethical consideration of incidental findings on adult brain MRI in research  

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Objective: To characterize the frequency and severity of incidental findings in brain MRIs of young and older adult research volunteers, and to provide an evaluation of the ethical challenges posed by the detection of such findings. Methods: The authors reviewed 151 research MRI scans obtained retrospectively from subjects recruited to studies as healthy volunteers. Incidental findings were classified into four categories: no referral, routine, urgent, or immediate referral. p Values for sign...

Illes, J.; Rosen, A. C.; Huang, L.; Goldstein, R. A.; Raffin, T. A.; Swan, G.; Atlas, S. W.

2004-01-01

338

Brain MRI findings in two cases with eclampsia  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Neurological complications in patients with eclampsia are varied and include headache, visual disturbances, focal neurological deficits, altered mental status and coma. Occasionally, a focal neurological deficit includes a variety of visual disturbances. The pathophysiology of CNS abnormalities in patients with eclampsia is uncertain. Our cases, combined with a review of the literature, demonstrate that there is no correlation among severity of hypertension, parity, and location of lesions at initial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings or between the severity of hypertension and neurological symptoms. Two typical patterns are seen on MR images of patients with eclampsia. Lesions in the region of the posterior cerebral circulation are most common and are frequently associated with visual disturbances. Although there are lesions in the deep white matter or basal ganglia, a focal neurological deficit or alterations in mental status may not develop. This demonstrates the sensitivity of MR imaging in the detection of abnormalities in patients with eclampsia, even those without neurological deficits. 13 refs., 1 tab., 2 figs

1996-08-01

339

Periosteal reaction of osteomyelitis: MRI findings compared with plain radiographs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate MR characteristics of periosteal reactions and subperiosteal abscesses in osteomyelitis as compared with radiographs. We retrospectively reviewed 28 patients(18 males, 10 females) with osteomyelitis. Nineteen patients underwent MR imaging with 0.5 T. We analyzed for morphologic patterns, intervals of appearance and disappearance of periosteal reactions after symptom onset. Twenty-three patients were confirmed by surgery and 5 patients by the radiologic findings, clinical and laboratory data. Periosteal reaction appeared as low signal intensity arc on the T1-and T2-weighted axial images. In 3-7 days after symptom onset, periosteal reactions and subperiosteal abscesses were noted on MR imaging, and only two of eleven patients were noted in radiographs. Periosteal reactions of 8-14 days after symptom onset were demonstrated in all of 13 patient on MR, and 9 on plain radiographs. All patients with 2 weeks after symptom onset showed periosteal reaction in plain film and MR. The periosteal reactions persisted until approximately 2 to 3 months after treatment on follow up radiographs. Periosteal reactions in osteomyelitis are detected on the MR imaging earlier than plain film. MR is valuable in detecting subperiosteal abscess which is not appecent in simple radiographs. Periosteal reactions can be seen on MR in 3 days after symptom onset and persist for 2-3 months after treatment

1995-08-01

340

MRI findings in patients with defecatory dysfunction after surgical correction of anorectal malformation  

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Postoperative anorectal malformation patients frequently have defecatory dysfunction. MRI may be useful in the management of these patients. To analyze static and dynamic MRI findings in patients with defecatory dysfunction after correction of anorectal malformation (ARM), and compare differences between patients with constipation and fecal incontinence. Pelvic MRI studies of 20 constipated and 32 incontinent postoperative ARM patients were analyzed retrospectively to determine the location and morphology of the neorectum, presence of peritoneal fat herniation, presence of scarring, development of the striated muscle complex (SMC) and any other abnormalities. The two groups were then compared using {chi} {sup 2}-test. Eighteen patients also underwent MRI defecography to evaluate pelvic floor function and abnormalities are reported. The children with incontinence were more likely to have abnormal location of the neorectum (P = 0.031), increased anorectal angle (ARA) (P = 0.031) and peritoneal fat herniation (P = 0.032), and less likely to have dilation of the neorectum (P = 0.027), than the children with constipation. There were no significant differences between the two groups in incidence of focal stenosis of the neorectum (P = 0.797), presence of extensive scarring (P = 0.591) and developmental agenesis of the SMC (P > 0.05). MRI defecography showed 6 anterior rectoceles, 6 cystoceles and 18 pelvic floor descents. MRI is a helpful imaging modality in postoperative ARM patients with defecatory dysfunction, and it shows distinct differences between the children with constipation and incontinence and provides individualized information to guide further treatment. (orig.)

Cui, Yong; Shao, Guang-rui [Second Hospital of Shandong University, Department of Radiology, Jinan (China); Wang, Ruo-yi [Second Hospital of Shandong University, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Jinan (China); Zhang, Yuan [Second Hospital of Shandong University, Evidence-based Medical Center, Jinan (China); Zhang, Shu-hui [Second Hospital of Shandong University, Department of Laboratory, Jinan (China)

2013-08-15

 
 
 
 
341

Unexpected MRI findings in clinically suspected Legg-Calve-Perthes disease  

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In the setting of clinically suspected Legg-Calve-Perthes (LCP) disease and negative/equivocal radiographs, contrast-enhanced MRI can be performed to confirm the diagnosis. To determine the frequency of unexpected causes of hip pain as identified by MRI in children with clinically suspected LCP disease and negative/equivocal radiographs. All pediatric contrast-enhanced MRI examinations of the pelvis and hips performed between January 2000 and February 2009 to evaluate for possible LCP disease in the setting of negative/equivocal radiographs were identified. MRI examinations performed to evaluate for secondary avascular necrosis were excluded. Imaging reports were retrospectively reviewed for unexpected clinically important causes of hip pain. Thirty-six pediatric patients underwent contrast-enhanced MRI examinations for clinically suspected LCP disease in the setting of negative/equivocal radiographs. Twenty-two (61%) imaging studies were normal, while four (11%) imaging studies demonstrated findings consistent with LCP disease. Ten (28%) imaging studies revealed unexpected clinically important causes of hip pain, including nonspecific unilateral joint effusion and synovitis (n = 7, juvenile chronic arthritis was eventually diagnosed in 3 patients), sacral fracture (n = 1), apophyseal injury (n = 1), and femoral head subluxation (n = 1). MRI frequently reveals unexpected clinically important causes of hip pain in children with suspected LCP disease and negative/equivocal radiographs. (orig.)

Lobert, Philip F.; Dillman, Jonathan R.; Strouse, Peter J.; Hernandez, Ramiro J. [University of Michigan Health System, Department of Radiology, Section of Pediatric Radiology, C.S. Mott Children' s Hospital/F3503, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

2011-03-15

342

Unexpected MRI findings in clinically suspected Legg-Calve-Perthes disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the setting of clinically suspected Legg-Calve-Perthes (LCP) disease and negative/equivocal radiographs, contrast-enhanced MRI can be performed to confirm the diagnosis. To determine the frequency of unexpected causes of hip pain as identified by MRI in children with clinically suspected LCP disease and negative/equivocal radiographs. All pediatric contrast-enhanced MRI examinations of the pelvis and hips performed between January 2000 and February 2009 to evaluate for possible LCP disease in the setting of negative/equivocal radiographs were identified. MRI examinations performed to evaluate for secondary avascular necrosis were excluded. Imaging reports were retrospectively reviewed for unexpected clinically important causes of hip pain. Thirty-six pediatric patients underwent contrast-enhanced MRI examinations for clinically suspected LCP disease in the setting of negative/equivocal radiographs. Twenty-two (61%) imaging studies were normal, while four (11%) imaging studies demonstrated findings consistent with LCP disease. Ten (28%) imaging studies revealed unexpected clinically important causes of hip pain, including nonspecific unilateral joint effusion and synovitis (n = 7, juvenile chronic arthritis was eventually diagnosed in 3 patients), sacral fracture (n = 1), apophyseal injury (n = 1), and femoral head subluxation (n = 1). MRI frequently reveals unexpected clinically important causes of hip pain in children with suspected LCP disease and negative/equivocal radiographs. (orig.)

2011-03-01

343

MRI findings in patients with defecatory dysfunction after surgical correction of anorectal malformation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Postoperative anorectal malformation patients frequently have defecatory dysfunction. MRI may be useful in the management of these patients. To analyze static and dynamic MRI findings in patients with defecatory dysfunction after correction of anorectal malformation (ARM), and compare differences between patients with constipation and fecal incontinence. Pelvic MRI studies of 20 constipated and 32 incontinent postoperative ARM patients were analyzed retrospectively to determine the location and morphology of the neorectum, presence of peritoneal fat herniation, presence of scarring, development of the striated muscle complex (SMC) and any other abnormalities. The two groups were then compared using ? 2-test. Eighteen patients also underwent MRI defecography to evaluate pelvic floor function and abnormalities are reported. The children with incontinence were more likely to have abnormal location of the neorectum (P = 0.031), increased anorectal angle (ARA) (P = 0.031) and peritoneal fat herniation (P = 0.032), and less likely to have dilation of the neorectum (P = 0.027), than the children with constipation. There were no significant differences between the two groups in incidence of focal stenosis of the neorectum (P = 0.797), presence of extensive scarring (P = 0.591) and developmental agenesis of the SMC (P > 0.05). MRI defecography showed 6 anterior rectoceles, 6 cystoceles and 18 pelvic floor descents. MRI is a helpful imaging modality in postoperative ARM patients with defecatory dysfunction, and it shows distinct differences between the children with constipation and incontinence and provides individualized information to guide further treatment. (orig.)

2013-08-01

344

MRI  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan (MRI) Introduction An MRI scan, or magnetic resonance imaging scan, is a test that provides very ... and risks of this procedure. Test A Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan, known as an MRI scan or ...

345

Orígenes del cine científico médico  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El cine científico es desde sus orígenes un instrumento de investigación, docencia, comunicación y documentación. Sin embargo, en la mente de muchos de nuestros cineastas, tan sólo existe una idea vaga de que el cine nació de la ciencia. Se exponen algunas definiciones relacionadas con el tema, sus antecedentes y cómo ha influido en el campo de la medicina.

Eglis Esteban García Alcolea

2009-02-01

346

Evaluation of Agreement between CT scan and MRI Findings of 96 Pathologically Proved Gliomas  

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Full Text Available Background/Objective: The aim of this study was to report the main CT scan and MRI findings of gliomas in a group of Iranian patients and also to assess the agreement between these imaging findings."nPatients and Methods: The MRI and CT scan of 96 pathologically proven cases of gliomas were retro-spectively evaluated in a period of five years in our university-affiliated hospital. We entered all cases, which had both CT scan and MRI in our study. Both CT scan and MRIs reported by one radiologist who was blinded for pathological findings. We evaluated agreement between CT scan and MRI for all cases and also for astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiform, and other gliomas separately. "nResults: Among our patients, 60 (62.5% were male and 36 (37.5% were female. The mean age of our cases was 41.8±19.3 (7-78.The most common loca-tion was in the parietal lobes (54.2% followed by the temporal lobes (52.1%, and the frontal lobes (39.6%. The most common subtype was glioblastoma multi-form in 42 patients (43.8%.There was an excellent agreement for mass effect, ventricular effect, cystic formation, and midline shift in all gliomas (all Kap-pas> 0.8; all P<0.002. We found good correlation be-tween CT scan and MRI for hemorrhage, edema, en-hancement, and enhancement severity in our pa-tients. (all Kappas> 0.6; all P<0.0001."nConclusion: In contrast with many other studies, the most common site of gliomas in our patients was pa-rietal lobes. Except for calcification, we found accept-able correlation between CT scan and MRI findings of gliomas.

M. Sanei Taheri

2008-01-01

347

MRI findings of intracranial lesions of neurofibromatosis type 1. Is routine study necessary for infants?  

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Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is the most common phakomatosis and is characterized by various intracranial disorders. Routine MRI studies are widely used to detect these disorders. To investigate the necessity of such routine MRI study of infants for NF1, we reviewed MRI findings of fifty-seven NF1 patients at the Kanagawa Children's Medical Center from January 1991 to October 1998. All patients were definitely diagnosed as NF1 because they clearly fulfilled the NIH criteria. We divided them into two groups, before 24 months of age (13 cases), and over 24 months of age (44 cases), because the myelination of the white matter should be terminated by then. We analyzed and compared the MRI findings of those two groups. Both mass-like and structural lesions including optic nerve astrocytoma, were mainly noticed in older group. Hamartomatous lesions, which are high intensity spots on T2WI mostly characteristic for NF1, were detected in 42 of a total of 57 patients (73.7%). They were mostly seen in the globus pallidus and cerebellar hemispheres. Hamartomas were seen 39 of 44 (88.6%) patients in the older group. This was significantly higher than in the younger group (30.8%). Follow-up MRI studies revealed newly appeared and differently sized hamartomas in both groups. MRI studies are very useful to detect intracranial lesion of NF1 patients. However we speculate that MRI studies are not very useful for infants under 24 months. It is more fruitful to wait at least 24 months until the maturation of the brain is normally completed. (author)

Ozawa, Yukihiko [Yokohama City Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

2001-01-01

348

MRI findings and diagnostic value of intervertebral disc free pulpiform nucleus in lumbar intraspinal  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To determine the MRI findings and diagnostic value of intervertebral disc free pulpiform nucleus in lumbar intraspinal. Methods: MRI findings of 46 cases with free pulpiform nucleus proved by surgery and pathology were retrospectively analyzed, and compared with pathological results. Results: Of all cases, the free pulpiform nucleus located at extradural foreside. 9 cases of the free pulpiform nucleus dissociated upon in spinal, 32 cases moved down and 5 cases removed backwards. Of 46 patients, 22 cases of the free pulpiform nucleus inhabited right, 17 cases left and 7 cases in midline. The lesion was single in all case with round, oval or anormaly shape. The free pulpiform nucleus had the same equal or low signal with provided intervertebral disc. The calcification, if any, presented as low -signal area. Among these 11 cases which were injected with GD-DTPA had no enhancement in the center, mild and high enhancement at periphery. Among all cases, MRI diagnosis were agreed with the pathology results with diagnosis accuracy of 100%. Conclusion: MRI can clearly demonstrate the intervertebral disc free pulpiform nucleus in lumbar intraspinal and make a correct diagnosis. Therefore, MRI is the best choice for diagnosis of intervertebral disc free pulpiform nucleus in lumbar intraspinal. (authors)

2011-10-01

349

Descriptive Cross Sectional Study of Clinical Manifestation and MRI Finding in 60 Multiple Sclerosis Patients  

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Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Multiple Sclerosis (M.S is common demyelinating diseases that is presented by inflammation and destruction of myelin of central nervous system such as different sizes of plaques. There are several methods for diagnosis of pathological findings in M.S., and one of them is MRI that is magnetic Resonance Imaging. In this study clinical manifestations and pathological findings of patient's MRI in M.S. and also the relation between severity of signs and progression of MRI plaques were evaluated.Materials & Methods : This was a descriptive cross sectional sudy that carried out on 60 patients with multiple sclerosis , in department of neurology of Hamadan Sina Hospital in 4 years (1999-2003. Clinical manifestation , age, sex, family History and past history of infectious and psychological diseases were evaluated. M.S characteristics like size, numbers and distribution were studied and collected data was analyzed with EPI6 software. Results: There was a positive relationship between severity of clinical manifestations and low ages and history of several viral infections but there was not statistical relation between severity of manifestations and plaques criteria's as their diameter, size and dispersion of plaques in MRI. Conclusion: It was concluded that it is not possible to predict the severity of symptoms of MS according to the MRI results , solely , but study of both factors simultaneously is necessary in proper evaluation and diagnosis of the disease.

A.A. Rezaie

2005-10-01

350

MRI findings of pancreatic lymphoma and autoimmune pancreatitis: A comparative study  

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Purpose: To clarify whether there are differences in MRI findings between pancreatic lymphomas and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Materials and methods: MRI of 8 patients with pancreatic lymphomas and 21 patients with AIP were retrospectively reviewed. For multifocal pancreatic lymphomas (n = 2) and AIP (n = 4), the largest 2 lesions were evaluated. Ten pancreatic lymphomas and 25 AIP were compared on three bases: the signal intensity on T2-weighted images, internal homogeneity, and presence or absence of capsule-like rim. In 8 lymphomas and 19 AIP, the enhancement pattern on dynamic MRI was compared, as well. Results: On T2-weighted images, pancreatic lymphomas comprised 5, 5 and 4 lesions with low (iso), slightly high, and moderately high intensity, respectively, while the numbers for AIP were 14, 10, and 1 (P < 0.01). Nine of 10 (90%) lymphomas appeared homogenous, and 11 of 25 (44%) AIP were homogenous (P < 0.05). A capsule-like rim was present in 9 of 25 (36%) AIP, but was not seen in lymphomas (P < 0.05). On dynamic MRI, 18 of 19 (94.7%) AIP showed persistent (n = 5) or delayed enhancement (n = 13), and 6 of 8 (75%) lymphomas showed low intensity without delayed enhancement (P < 0.001). Conclusion: MRI findings for pancreatic lymphomas and AIP were significantly different, which may be helpful for the differential diagnosis of these two diseases.

Ishigami, Kousei, E-mail: Ishigamikousei@aol.co [Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 (Japan); Tajima, Tsuyoshi; Nishie, Akihiro; Ushijima, Yasuhiro [Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 (Japan); Fujita, Nobuhiro [Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University (Japan); Asayama, Yoshiki; Kakihara, Daisuke; Irie, Hiroyuki [Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 (Japan); Ito, Tetsuhide; Igarashi, Hisato [Department of Medicine and Bioregulatory Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University (Japan); Nakamura, Masafumi [Department of Surgery and Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University (Japan); Honda, Hiroshi [Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 (Japan)

2010-06-15

351

MRI findings of pancreatic lymphoma and autoimmune pancreatitis: A comparative study  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To clarify whether there are differences in MRI findings between pancreatic lymphomas and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Materials and methods: MRI of 8 patients with pancreatic lymphomas and 21 patients with AIP were retrospectively reviewed. For multifocal pancreatic lymphomas (n = 2) and AIP (n = 4), the largest 2 lesions were evaluated. Ten pancreatic lymphomas and 25 AIP were compared on three bases: the signal intensity on T2-weighted images, internal homogeneity, and presence or absence of capsule-like rim. In 8 lymphomas and 19 AIP, the enhancement pattern on dynamic MRI was compared, as well. Results: On T2-weighted images, pancreatic lymphomas comprised 5, 5 and 4 lesions with low (iso), slightly high, and moderately high intensity, respectively, while the numbers for AIP were 14, 10, and 1 (P < 0.01). Nine of 10 (90%) lymphomas appeared homogenous, and 11 of 25 (44%) AIP were homogenous (P < 0.05). A capsule-like rim was present in 9 of 25 (36%) AIP, but was not seen in lymphomas (P < 0.05). On dynamic MRI, 18 of 19 (94.7%) AIP showed persistent (n = 5) or delayed enhancement (n = 13), and 6 of 8 (75%) lymphomas showed low intensity without delayed enhancement (P < 0.001). Conclusion: MRI findings for pancreatic lymphomas and AIP were significantly different, which may be helpful for the differential diagnosis of these two diseases.

2010-06-01

352

Localized hypertrophic neuropathy of the sciatic nerve in children: MRI findings  

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Localized hypertrophic neuropathy (LHN) of the sciatic nerve in children is a rare condition characterized by a painless neurological deficit in the sciatic nerve territory. To demonstrate the role of MRI using a specific protocol and describe the primary findings in LHN. Imaging in four children (age 2 years to 12 years) is presented. All children presented with lower limb asymmetry. Three had a steppage gait. LHN was confirmed by electrophysiological studies and by MRI of the whole sciatic nerve with a dedicated protocol covering the lumbar spine and the lower limb. There were four direct MRI findings: (1) linear and focal hypertrophy with progressive enlargement of a peripheral nerve or plexus diameter, (2) abnormal hyperintensity of the nerve on T2-weighted images, (3) preserved fascicular configuration, and (4) variable enhancement after intravenous gadolinium administration. In addition there were atrophy and fatty infiltration of innervated muscles. MRI was helpful for determining the extent of lesions and in excluding peripheral nerve compression or tumour. MRI of the whole sciatic nerve is the method of choice for diagnosing LHN of the sciatic nerve. (orig.)

Roux, Adrien; Treguier, Catherine; Bruneau, Bertrand; Marin, Franck; Gandon, Yves; Gauvrit, Jean-Yves [University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Hopital Sud, 16 Boulevard de Bulgarie, BP 90347, Rennes cedex 2 (France); Riffaud, Laurent [University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Hopital Sud, Rennes (France); Violas, Philippe [University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hopital Sud, Rennes (France); Michel, Anne [University Hospital, Department of Neurological Functional Explorations, Hopital Sud, Rennes (France)

2012-08-15

353

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the maxillary sinus: CT and MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To characterize the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) of the maxillary sinus. Materials and methods: The imaging findings of eight patients with IMTs of the maxillary sinus were reviewed retrospectively. Of the eight patients, four patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT, and one patient underwent unenhanced CT only; three patients underwent unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI. Results: Five cases of IMTs occurred in the left maxillary sinus, while three cases were right-sided. Four cases occupied the entire sinus, and the other four cases only partially occupied the sinus. Unenhanced CT images showed heterogeneous masses in four cases and a homogeneous mass in one case. One of the tumours showed some areas of calcification. T1-weighted MRI images showed isointense lesions. T2-weighted images showed mixed isointense and mild hyperintense lesions. All cases showed bone destruction and had infiltrated into the nasal fossa, orbit, infratemporal fossa, and other adjacent tissues. Seven cases showed mild to moderate heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced CT or T1-weighted MRI images. Conclusion: IMTs of the maxillary sinus can be characterized as a soft-tissue mass with bony destruction and infiltration of the adjacent tissues, with mild to moderate enhancement after the injection of contrast medium. CT and MRI can help to diagnose IMTs, determine the extent of the lesion and its relationship with adjacent tissues, and thus facilitate the prediction of surgical resectability.

2012-12-01

354

MRI brain findings in ephedrone encephalopathy associated with manganese abuse: Single-center perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary Background Manganese (Mn) is a well-known toxic agent causing symptoms of parkinsonism in employees of certain branches of industry. Home production of a psychostimulant ephedrone (methcathinone), involving the use of potassium permanganate, became a new cause of intoxications in Poland. Case Report This article presents clinical symptoms, initial brain MRI findings and characteristics of changes observed in follow-up examinations in 4 patients with manganese intoxication associated with intravenous administration of ephedrone. All patients in our case series presented symptoms of parkinsonism. T1-WI MRI revealed high intensity signal in globi pallidi in all patients; hyperintense lesions in midbrain were observed in three patients, while lesions located in cerebellar hemispheres and pituitary gland in just one patient. The reduction of signal intensity in the affected brain structures was observed in follow-up studies, with no significant improvement in clinical symptoms. Conclusions Brain MRI is helpful in the assessment of distribution as well as dynamics of changes in ephedrone encephalopathy. Regression of signal intensity changes visible in brain MRI is not associated with clinical condition improvement. Although brain MRI findings are not characteristic for ephedrone encephalopathy, they may contribute to diagnosing this condition.

Poniatowska, Renata; Lusawa, Malgorzata; Skierczynska, Agnieszka; Makowicz, Grzegorz; Habrat, Boguslaw; Sienkiewicz-Jarosz, Halina

2014-01-01

355

Localized hypertrophic neuropathy of the sciatic nerve in children: MRI findings  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Localized hypertrophic neuropathy (LHN) of the sciatic nerve in children is a rare condition characterized by a painless neurological deficit in the sciatic nerve territory. To demonstrate the role of MRI using a specific protocol and describe the primary findings in LHN. Imaging in four children (age 2 years to 12 years) is presented. All children presented with lower limb asymmetry. Three had a steppage gait. LHN was confirmed by electrophysiological studies and by MRI of the whole sciatic nerve with a dedicated protocol covering the lumbar spine and the lower limb. There were four direct MRI findings: (1) linear and focal hypertrophy with progressive enlargement of a peripheral nerve or plexus diameter, (2) abnormal hyperintensity of the nerve on T2-weighted images, (3) preserved fascicular configuration, and (4) variable enhancement after intravenous gadolinium administration. In addition there were atrophy and fatty infiltration of innervated muscles. MRI was helpful for determining the extent of lesions and in excluding peripheral nerve compression or tumour. MRI of the whole sciatic nerve is the method of choice for diagnosing LHN of the sciatic nerve. (orig.)

2012-08-01

356

Correlation between histological subtypes and MRI findings in clinically nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas.  

Science.gov (United States)

Clinically nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (CNFPAs) consist of several histological subtypes, including null cell adenoma (NCA), silent gonadotroph cell adenoma (SGA), silent corticotroph adenoma (SCA), and other silent adenomas (OSA) (i.e., GH, TSH, and prolactin adenomas). To detect possible correlations between MRI findings and the subtypes, we retrospectively studied 390 consecutive patients with CNFPA who underwent surgery between 2008 and 2010. They were classified into three groups: NCA/SGA (313 cases), SCA (39 cases), and OSA (36 cases); in addition there were two unusual cases of plurihormonal adenoma. Three MRI findings were less common in NCA/SGA than in the other groups (P 40 mm), marked cavernous sinus invasion (Knosp grade 4), and lobulated configuration of the suprasellar tumor. When these MRI findings were negative in patients older than 40 years old, 91.0% (212/233) were NCA/SGA. These MRI findings were frequently noted despite a low MIB-1 index in SCA. OSA showed a high MIB-1 index and a preponderance in younger patients. In conclusion, although SCA and OSA consisted of only 20% of CNFPAs, their frequency significantly increased when the tumor was large, invasive, and lobulated, and the patient was younger than 40 years old. PMID:22569896

Nishioka, Hiroshi; Inoshita, Naoko; Sano, Toshiaki; Fukuhara, Noriaki; Yamada, Shozo

2012-09-01

357

MRI findings of an intermuscular lipoma in a 2-year-old  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report the MRI findings of a large deep intermuscular lipoma in a 2-year-old child with a painless palpable shoulder mass, and its differentiation from liposarcoma and other soft-tissue masses. To our knowledge, the imaging features of deep lipomas in children have not been reported. (orig.)

Grandbois, Lindsey; Vade, Aruna; Lim-Dunham, Jennifer [Loyola University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Maywood, IL (United States); Al-Masri, Hytham [Mount Sinai Hospital, Department of Pathology, Chicago, IL (United States)

2006-09-15

358

MRI findings of an intermuscular lipoma in a 2-year-old  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the MRI findings of a large deep intermuscular lipoma in a 2-year-old child with a painless palpable shoulder mass, and its differentiation from liposarcoma and other soft-tissue masses. To our knowledge, the imaging features of deep lipomas in children have not been reported. (orig.)

2006-09-01

359