This research is based on the increasing numbers for traffic level in Jakarta and also less facilitated mass transportation; therefore the district government of DKI Jakarta built another mass transportation (busway) as one solution for the problems. The local government of DKI Jakarta uses mass media, especially television, to socialize the busway transportation for community. The method in this research is descriptive qualitative along with interview and related documentation as data gather...
The rapid growth of Latin America urban centres beginning in the 1970s placed a heavy strain upon urban transport service providers. Facing high population growth from a citizenry dependent upon public transport and having limited financial resources to develop car-based infrastructure, Latin American municipal planners were challenged to create a new transport paradigm. One ingenious response to this dilemma was the busway, a surface metro system that utilizes exclusive right-of-way bus la...
Shen, L.D.; Elbadrawi, H.; Zhao, F.; Ospina, D.
At-grade busways can be a major component of strategies designed to make better use of existing transit facilities with relatively low capital expenditures. The objective of at-grade busways is to attract auto drivers or other transit users from major traffic corridors by improving comfort, economy, travel time, and quality of transit services and providing express services that collect transit riders from residential neighborhoods and parking facilities. The main advantages of at-grade busway transit system include flexibility, self-enforcement, incremental development, low construction costs, and implementation speed. While it is important that the general public understands the technical aspects of at-grade busways, it is even more important that the potential users become aware of the enhanced quality of services provided by a busway system and its attractiveness in terms of shorter commuting time and minimal environmental impact. This report presents to transportation official a guideline for planning and design consideration for at-grade busway systems. The report reviews planning procedure for selected busway systems in North and South America, Europe, and other developing countries. Design issues to assure a safer operation of at-grade busway systems are also presented in this report. The information presented in this report in general and it can be modified according to the needs of each transit agency.
Heinen, Eva; Panter, Jenna; Dalton, Alice; Jones, Andy; Ogilvie, David
Background New transport infrastructure may help promote active travel, thereby contributing to increasing overall physical activity and population health gain. In 2011 a guided busway with a path for walking and cycling was opened in Cambridgeshire, UK. This paper investigates the predictors of walking, cycling and bus use on the busway. Methods Cross-sectional analyses of the final questionnaire wave (2012) of the Commuting and Health in Cambridge cohort study following the opening of the b...
Ogilvie, D; Panter, J.; Guell, C.; Jones, A; MacKett, R; Griffin, S.
Background Improving transport infrastructure to support walking and cycling on the journey to and from work – active commuting – could help to promote physical activity and improve population health. Aims To assess whether or not investment in new high-quality transport infrastructure was associated with an increase in active commuting; wider health impacts of changes in travel behaviour; determinants of the use and uptake of active commuting; and how changes in travel behaviour were distrib...
concluded in general the performance of the system is running well, but the response time was not optimal. Some improvements to the system needed to improve system performance, such as raising response time, improved data security, and online systems.
PERENCANAAN DAN ANALISIS BIAYA INVESTASI ANTARA PERKERASAN KAKU DENGAN PERKERASAN LENTUR PADA JALUR TRANS JAKARTA BUSWAY: STUDI KASUS PADA TRANS JAKARTA BUSWAY KORIDOR 8 ANTARA HALTE PONDOK INDAH 2 HINGGA HALTE PERMATA HIJAU
Full Text Available Types of rigid pavement for road has been widely used in Indonesia, ranging from toll roads to the outer town road. Rigid pavement is considered more powerful than the flexible pavement. In other words, rigid pavement is expected to have a longer service life and minimal maintenance. The construction cost for rigid pavement is more expensive compared to flexible pavement. While the need for rigid pavement maintenance is cheaper than for flexible pavement. Seen from investment point of view, rigid pavement is more profitable than flexible pavement, because the annual fee required for rigid pavement is less. Due to the comparations, an analysis is performed in this study to select which type of pavement is best used in the future.
..., flexible metal conduit, electrical metallic tubing, underfloor raceways, cellular concrete floor raceways, cellular metal floor raceways, surface raceways, structural raceways, wireways, and busways. (35)...
... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false No mechanical cooling. 111.59-3 Section 111.59-3 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Busways § 111.59-3 No mechanical cooling. A busway must not need mechanical...
Heinen, Eva; Ogilvie, David
Purpose: To strengthen our understanding of the impact of baseline variability in mode choice on the likelihood of travel behaviour change. Methods: Quasi-experimental analyses in a cohort study of 450 commuters exposed to a new guided busway with a path for walking and cycling in Cambridge, UK. Exposure to the intervention was defined using the shortest network distance from each participant?s home to the busway. Variability in commuter travel behaviour at baseline was defined using the ...
... batteries; (5) Rating of circuit breakers and switches, interrupting capacity of circuit breakers, and... circuit breakers, switches, lighting fixtures, air heating equipment, busways, outlet boxes, and junction..., bus-tie cables, feeders, and branch circuit cables; (3) Power, lighting, and interior...
BALAY, Jean Maurice; DELORME, Jean Luc; Brosseaud, Yves; Martinez, Rafael
Cooperation DF Mexico-LCPC France. Asphalt Mix design. Principle mains (LCPC methodology according with Europe). DF Applications. Innovative asphalt mixes High modulus asphalt mixes for reinforcement structure. Thin or very thin asphalt mixes for wearing course. Pavement condition survey. Application on major road in Mexico. Pavement design. Principles BusWay in Nantes versus MetroBus in Mexico city.
Kesten, JM; Cohn, S; Ogilvie, D.
Background: Media content can increase awareness of, and shape interactions with, public health interventions. As part of a natural experimental evaluation of the travel, physical activity and health impacts of the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway, we analysed print and social media discourse and interview data to understand the nature of new transport infrastructure and how it was experienced. Methods: Newspaper articles were systematically retrieved from the LexisNexis database and tweets w...
Heinen, E; Panter, J.; MacKett, R; Ogilvie, D
Background New transport infrastructure may promote a shift towards active travel, thereby improving population health. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a major transport infrastructure project on commuters’ mode of travel, trip frequency and distance travelled to work. Methods Quasi-experimental analysis nested within a cohort study of 470 adults working in Cambridge, UK. The intervention consisted of the opening of a guided busway with a path for walking and cycling ...
Kesten, JM; Guell, C.; Cohn, S.; Ogilvie, D
Background Changes to the environment that support active travel have the potential to increase population physical activity. The Cambridgeshire Guided Busway is an example of such an intervention that provides new traffic-free infrastructure for walking, cycling and public transport. This qualitative investigation explored the diverse experiences of new transport infrastructure and its impacts on active travel behaviours. Methods Thirty-eight adult participants from the Commuting and Health ...
Knight, R.L.; Trygg, L.L.
Evidence of land use impacts of recent major rapid transit improvements are reviewed and conclusions drawn concerning the extent and nature of such impacts and the conditions under which they have occurred. Transit improvements studied are primarily post-World War II in origin. American and Canadian examples are stressed, although European experience is teated briefly. Virtually all major modern American and Canadian rapid transit investments are included, covering conventional rapid rail, commuter rail, light rail and bus/busway. In addition to conclusions on general patterns of land use impact and causes, research recommendations and Federal policy implications are drawn.
Full Text Available The goal of this study was to measure ultrafine particle concentrations with diameters less than 1 ÃŽÂ¼m emitted by diesel buses and to assess resulting human exposure levels. The study was conducted at the Woolloongabba Busway station in Brisbane, Australia in the winter months of 2002 during which temperature inversions frequently occurred. Most buses that utilize the station are fuelled by diesel, the exhaust of which contains a significant quantity of particle matter. Passengers waiting at the station are exposed to these particles emitted from the buses. During the course of this study, passenger census was conducted, based on video surveillance, yielding person-by-person waiting time data. Furthermore, a bus census revealed accurate information about the total number of diesel versus Compressed Natural Gas (CNG powered buses. Background (outside of the bus station and platform measurements of ultrafine particulate number size distributions were made to determine ambient aerosol concentrations. Particle number exposure concentration ranges from 10 and 40 to 60% of bus related exhaust fumes. This changes dramatically when considering the particle mass exposure concentration, where most passengers are exposed to about 50 to 80% of exhaust fumes. The obtained data can be very significant for comparison with similar work of this type because it is shown in previous studies that exhaust emissions causes cancer in laboratory animals. It was assumed that significant differences between platform and background distributions were due to bus emissions which, combined with passenger waiting times, yielded an estimate of passenger exposure to ultrafine particles from diesel buses. From an exposure point of view, the Busway station analyzed resembles a street canyon. Although the detected exhaust particle concentration at the outbound platform is found to be in the picogram range, exposure increases with the time passengers spend on the platform
Fergyanto E Gunawan
Full Text Available Since the beginning of the century, many cities around the world adopt the bus rapid transit (BRT system to fulfill their need of mass transportation system. The system features with platform-level boarding, bus lanes in the central verge of the road, off-vehicle fare collection, and physically protected busway. So far, these criteria are considered to be the most important aspects with respect to the BRT performance. In this research, we intend to study to what extent the BRT performance may be affected by the interference of the mixed traffic during the BRT operation. We adopt an empirical approach by observing the phenomenon unfolding in the eleven TransJakarta BRT corridors. The TransJakarta BRT operates in the city of Jakarta, the capital of the Republic of Indonesia. We record the travel time data from station to station for the case where the TransJakarta bus can travel smoothly and the case where the traveling bus is interfered with the mixed traffic. For the cases, we evaluate the travel time variation. As the results, we found that the Corridor 1 of TransJakarta BRT has the best performance in term of the travel time variation. For the two directions, the corridor has the mean travel time of 34 min, the standard deviation of 3 min, and the travel time variation of 8%. On this corridor, the mixed-traffic interference is relatively negligible. On the Corridor 7, the two-direction travel times have the mean of 45 min, the standard deviation of 8 min, and the travel time variation of 16%. On the Corridor 9, the twodirection travel times have the mean of 1 hr and 25 min, the standard deviation of 11 min, and the travel time variation of 14%. On the last two corridors, the busways are heavily interfered by the mixed traffic; thus, the end-to-end travel times are significantly uncertain although only very few road segments are interfered. The research leads us to a conclusion that the interference, although only occurs on a road segment, may
徐祥德; 赵天良; Lu Chungu; 施晓晖
Tibetan Plateau in building Asian summer monsoon system,regional and global water cycles,the advances in study of the atmospheric water cycle over the Tibetan Plat¯ eau are reviewed with the emphases on the respects of (1)the local convection in the atmosphere over the Tibetan Plateau,(2) the mechanism of the two¯ladder"CISK"in the vapor uplift to the Tibetan Plateau,(3)the structures of apparent heat source over the Tibetan Plateau with the multi¯scale vapor busway,(4)the patterns of source¯receptor of vapor from oceans to the plateau,(5)the cross¯hemispheric water cycle in the vertical atmospheric circulation and (6)a comprehensive understanding of the atmospheric water cycle over the Tibetan Plateau.In the recent research,a comprehensive pattern of the atmospheric water cycle over the Tibetan Plateau is revealed;the mechanism on the thermal forcing of large Tibetan Plateau¯topography and its effect on cloud¯precipitation are investigated;the Asian regional and cross¯hemispheric vapor transport structures in the vertical atmospheric circulation driven by the Tibetan Plateau forcing are characterized;and the feedback interaction between the Tibet¯ an Plateau`s thermal forcing and the hydrological process of ocean¯atmosphere¯land is explored.The Asian rivers originating from the Tibetan Plateau have been sustaining the life,agricultural and industrial water usage for the Asian regions with a large population,and therefore,it is vital to understand the atmospheric water cycle and its impact on the changes in the Tibetan Plateau water resource under background of the global warming.The atmospheric water cycle process over the TP with the global effect is needed to further studied.