Sample records for boris kidric institute

  1. Chemical treatment of liquid radioactive waste at the Boris Kidric Institute

    The results of lab-scale experiments on the chemical treatment of radioactive liquid waste collected at the Boris Kidric Institute are presented. The radioactive waste was treated by cobalt hexacyanoferrate precipitation followed by flocculation with polyelectrolyte flocculating agents. The main parameters investigated were standing time, pH and ratio of reagents. The flocculating agents were tested by filtration test and floccule stability test. Satisfactory decontamination factors by precipitation at pH 10 and good separation of solid and liquid phase by applying Praestol polyelectrolytes were obtained (author)

  2. Deciding medical problems in radiation protection for thirty years in the Boris Kidric Institute - Experimental and epidemiological experiences

    This paper deals with some research work carried out in the Medical Protection Laboratory of the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences - Vinca. Four research fields have been chosen: the analysis of contribution of collaborators Medical Protection Laboratory on symposium Yugoslav Radiation Protection Association (IRPA); from 1963 to 1989 years; the appearance on the meeting IAEA, International seminars, symposium and Congress, including European and international congress IRPA with presentation the most important obtained results; the activity in the frame research projects and contribution for solving important problems in the field of medical aspects of radiation protection in developing and applicable research; the survey current and practical trends in the future (author)

  3. Twenty years of chemistry associated with the needs and utilization of nuclear reactors at the 'Boris Kidric' Institute of nuclear sciences, Vinca, Yugoslavia

    This publication covers nine review papers on the following topics related to the needs and utilization of nuclear reactors in the Boris Kidric Institute of nuclear sciences during previous twenty years: radiochemistry, hot atom chemistry, isotope production, spent nuclear fuel reprocessing, chemistry of transuranium elements; liquid radioactive waste processing, purification of reactor coolant water by inorganic ion exchangers, research related to deuterium concentration processes, and chemical dosimetry at the RA reactor

  4. The incidence of unstable chromosome aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes from occupationally exposed people in Boris Kidric Institute of nuclear sciences (Radiation protection department)

    The results of the chromosome analysis of 17 employees of Radiation protection department of Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences were related to the corresponding values of thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) measurements within the past eight years. The results obtained show the biological effects (structural chromosome aberrations) of chronic of fractionated exposures, low-level acute doses, even in the cases when the individual cumulative equivalent doses were 10 times lower than the order of maximum permissible occupational exposures (author)

  5. Work on the hot atom chemistry at the Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Yugoslavia

    A survey of work on hot atom chemistry from the establishment of the Institute up to now, where the role of Prof. P. Savic, should be specially emphasized, is given. The investigations in this domain during the first period, were directed to solve various problems in production of radioactive isotopes. Today these investigations are closely associated with the work in radiochemistry, physical chemistry of liquid and solid systems and fast reaction kinetics improving the development of these branches (author)

  6. Radioactive sources production in the Boris Kidric Institute of nuclear sciences

    Since 1960, in the Laboratory for radioisotopes production of the Institute isotopes were produced for industrial, medical and research purposes. From the beginning, this activity was developed in two directions: 1. sealed sources, for industrial radiography, teletherapy Cobalt, later for lightning arresters, level meters, densitometers etc., 2. radioactive sources that need chemical treatment for different applications in industry and research. This paper lists the types of radioactive sources and methods for production

  7. Portable radiation meters developed in Boris Kidric Institute

    Portable meters designed for X and gamma radiation measurements and beta detection are described. An instrument using ionization chamber is developed with new type of electrometer amplifier. It is designed for precise and reliable exposure and exposure rate measurements. Another instrument with GM counters covers 8 linear ranges: from background up to 10 Sv/h. Some specific solutions and basic measurement characteristics of these instruments are presented (author)

  8. Work on fuel reprocessing at the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences at Vinca, Yugoslavia

    Activity in the region of fuel reprocessing since 1959 up to now has been reported. During that period all necessary conditions were created to enable successful work in that domain (hot laboratory with all necessary devices was constructed, the corresponding staff was trained, also the connections with other research centers were established dealing with these problems). Among the procedures Purex procedure was selected and laboratory plant was constructed to investigate different variants of this procedure. A pre-project has been made in cooperation with the Norway experts covering semi-industrial reprocessing plant. A device for countercurrent extraction is also under development (author)

  9. Production of some inorganic forms of 35S at the Boris Kidric Institute

    Several inorganic forms of 35S are used as starting material for some chemical syntheses of labelled organic compounds. The choice depends on the desired characteristics of the labelled compound. Preparation of elementary sulphur 35S, sodium sulphide-35S, ferrous sulphide-35S, barium sulphate-35S, barium sulphide-35S, is described. The characteristics of the products are given along with the determination methods. The products are obtained with high specific activities: elementary sulphur-35S, 1 - 5 Ci/gS; sodium sulphide-35S 1 - 5 Ci/gS; ferrous sulphide-35S, 1 - 5 Ci/gS; barium sulphate-35S, 5 - 15 Ci/gS; barium sulphide-35S, 1 - 5 Ci/gS. (author)

  10. Emergency Measures in the Event of a Nuclear Accident at the Boris Kidrič Institute, Vinča

    This paper describes the fields of study at the Boris Kidrič Institute of Nuclear Sciences at Vinča that are important for the evaluation of potential accidents, and also the obligations imposed by law on the Institute as regards its own service for protection against ionizing radiations. Also described is the organization of radiological protection at the Boris Kidrič Institute, where specialized services - the Radioprotection Laboratory and the Medical Protection Laboratory - take the appropriate action and provide technical equipment in the event of an accident with ionizing radiation sources. Finally the paper describes the necessary planning, the action to be taken to identify the nature and extent of the accident, and operations required to eliminate the consequences of the accident. (author)


    Samokish, Anna


    This paper presents the overview of activities of the famous historian of science and educator Boris E. Raykov. The motives that led him to the history of science were examined. Attention is paid to his work both in the Institute and before.

  12. Annual report for 1979, Results of environmental radioactivity control on the 'B. Kidric' Institute site - precipitations, dust deposition, soil, plants, river sludge (Danube), Annex 2

    As previously, the control of the environmental radioactivity on the Institute site, was done by measuring the total beta activity of the following samples: precipitation, fallout deposits; water, soil, plants, and water and sediments from the Danube river at 1145 km. The regular control included 1706 samples. In addition to the regular control of the environment of the nuclear facility a number of water and heavy water samples were analyzed related to the repair and renewal actions at the RA reactor. Results of these analyses (total beta activity, electric conductivity and gamma spectrometry) were submitted in separate reports. Upon demand of the dosimetry service responsible for the control of the working environment of Radioisotope Laboratory 070, six samples (surface contamination, plants and soil) were taken from the area behind the HL building where radioactive waste is kept. Total beta activity of these samples has shown significant contamination of the soil and plants. Director and the decontamination service of the radiation protection laboratory were informed immediately about these results so that adequate measures could be undertaken

  13. Role of the Vinca Institute in nuclear engineering and radiation protection education

    Education programmes in nuclear engineering and radiation protection in former Yugoslavia have been supported by comprehensive research and development and pertinent training of experts and students in the Vinca (former Boris Kidric) Institute of nuclear sciences and abroad. Two research reactors were constructed and operated in the Vinca Institute since 1958. Adopted law on ban for NPP construction, isolation of the country due to the UN sanctions and weak economical situation deteriorated considerably the nuclear expertise in Serbia after 1989. Nuclear courses at the University were revoked, major research programmes were cancelled, RA research reactor in the Vinca Institute was shut down and many experts left the country. A novel nuclear programme related to remedial of nuclear and radiation safety in the Vinca Institute has been launched in 2003. This paper emphasizes the need for nuclear expertise, the lack of nuclear professionals to carry out the new programme, the experience gained so far and point out a possible future creative role of the Vinca Institute in education of new experts in the country and abroad. (author)

  14. Management of ageing research reactors in the Vinca Institute

    Nuclear research reactors in the Institute of nuclear sciences Vinca (former 'Boris Kidric'), built in late fifties, were among the first ones in the Southeast Europe. The RB reactor is constructed by Yugoslav scientists and put in operation at the end of April 1958 as a bare critical natural U-heavy water system. The RA reactor a 6.5 MW heavy water reactor, designed in ex-USSR, began operation in 1959 as one of research reactors with better characteristics in the world. Both reactors were built according to the national plan of development of nuclear energy in the country. Decision about future of the RA reactor in the Vinca Institute is not brought yet. Main improvements in operation and safety, and ageing management of the Vinca reactors in the past years are given in this paper. They are results of long experience acquired in management of the reactors operation, maintenance, testing, ageing of equipment and systems and development and application of new contemporary safety criteria

  15. Why is Boris algorithm so good?

    Due to its excellent long term accuracy, the Boris algorithm is the de facto standard for advancing a charged particle. Despite its popularity, up to now there has been no convincing explanation why the Boris algorithm has this advantageous feature. In this paper, we provide an answer to this question. We show that the Boris algorithm conserves phase space volume, even though it is not symplectic. The global bound on energy error typically associated with symplectic algorithms still holds for the Boris algorithm, making it an effective algorithm for the multi-scale dynamics of plasmas

  16. Boris Kuvshinnikov, Senior Information Officer for 13 years at the ITER Office Vienna, has retired

    Boris was born in Moscow in 1929. His school years coincided with very hard times in the history of the USSR, including the years of World War II. After completing his secondary education, he was accepted as a student at the very prestigious MIFI College (Moscow Engineering and Physical Institute), where he was awarded the diploma of engineer-physicist in 1952. Thus his retirement at this time comes after more than 50 years of work in the world nuclear community. The ITER project is fortunate to have had Boris Kuvshinnikov's contributions to its activities for almost 15 years, and the fusion community is grateful to Boris for everything he has done for ITER, in particular for the ITER Office Vienna.We wish him and his wife Lidia good health and happiness.We hope that Boris will enjoy his life after more than half a century of work, and we hope we can still count on his help 'in word and deed' at least until we attend the inauguration of ITER together

  17. Analysis of water cooled reactors stability

    A model for stability analysis of non-boiling water cooled nuclear system is developed. The model is based on linear reactor kinetics and space averaged heat transfer in reactor and heat-exchanger. The transfer functions are defined and the analysis was applied to nuclear reactor RA at 'Boris Kidric' Institute - Vinca. (author)

  18. "Sokrovishtsha mirovogo iskusstva v Tallinne" / Boris Pilar von Pilhau

    Pilar von Pilhau, Boris


    Boris Pilari ja Jevgeni Rogovi kunstiprojektist "Maailma kunstiaarded Tallinnas", selle raames toimunud vene maalikunsti ja Pihkva koolkonna ikoonide näitusest "Pihkva muuseumi aarded" Tallinna Õpetajate majas ja Jaroslavli kunstimuuseumi kunstivarade näituse ettevalmistamisest

  19. Baletnaja poezija erotiki / Boris Eifman ; interv. Aljona Strizhenova

    Eifman, Boris, 1946-


    Lev Tolstoi romaani "Anna Karenina" järgi Boris Eifmani loodud koreograafiaga balletilavastus Pjotr Tšaikovski muusikale. B. Eifmani nim. St-Peterburgi Riikliku Akadeemilise Balletiteatri külalisetendused Tallinnas, 16. juunil

  20. Boris Akunin e il romanzo antinichilista giudeofobico di fine Ottocento

    Alessandro Cifariello


    Boris Akunin and 19th century Anti-Nihilistic Judeophobic Novel The aim of this article is to demonstrate how Boris Akunin works to reconstruct Russian history before Bolshevik revolution, especially through the imitation and revision of Ninetinth Century literary feelings and perceptions. Having reaffirmed the postmodernist nature of The State Counsellor with quotations and arguments, among the others, by Baraban, Rubinštejn, Possamai, Numato, De Lotto, Rančin, to bring new contributio...

  1. Plahvatus Sosnovõi Bori metallitehases viitab tuumajaama ohtudele / Hannes Krause, Ulvar Käärt

    Krause, Hannes


    Sosnovõi Bori tuumaelektrijaama territooriumil plahvatas firma Ekomet-S metallisulatusahi. Firma tehas töötleb tuumaelektrijaamast pärit radioaktiivseid metallilisi tuumajäätmeid. Kommenteerib siseministeeriumi asekantsler Kalev Timberg. Kaardid: Sosnovõi Bor; Tuumaelektrijaamad Eesti ümbruses. Lisad: Sosnovõi Bori vananenud tuumajaam; Varasemad õnnetused Sosnovõi Bori tuumajaamas

  2. Widespread expression of BORIS/CTCFL in normal and cancer cells.

    Tania A Jones

    Full Text Available BORIS (CTCFL is the paralog of CTCF (CCCTC-binding factor; NM_006565, a ubiquitously expressed DNA-binding protein with diverse roles in gene expression and chromatin organisation. BORIS and CTCF have virtually identical zinc finger domains, yet display major differences in their respective C- and N-terminal regions. Unlike CTCF, BORIS expression has been reported only in the testis and certain malignancies, leading to its classification as a "cancer-testis" antigen. However, the expression pattern of BORIS is both a significant and unresolved question in the field of DNA binding proteins. Here, we identify BORIS in the cytoplasm and nucleus of a wide range of normal and cancer cells. We compare the localization of CTCF and BORIS in the nucleus and demonstrate enrichment of BORIS within the nucleolus, inside the nucleolin core structure and adjacent to fibrillarin in the dense fibrillar component. In contrast, CTCF is not enriched in the nucleolus. Live imaging of cells transiently transfected with GFP tagged BORIS confirmed the nucleolar accumulation of BORIS. While BORIS transcript levels are low compared to CTCF, its protein levels are readily detectable. These findings show that BORIS expression is more widespread than previously believed, and suggest a role for BORIS in nucleolar function.

  3. Early Eocene birds from La Borie, southern France

    Bourdon, Estelle; Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile; Laurent, Yves


    The Early Eocene locality of La Borie is located in the village of Saint-Papoul, in southern France. These Eocene fluvio-lacustrine clay deposits have yielded numerous vertebrate remains. Mammalian taxa found in the fossiliferous levels indicate an age near the reference level MP 8–9, which...

  4. High expression of hTERT and stemness genes in BORIS/CTCFL positive cells isolated from embryonic cancer cells.

    Loredana Alberti

    Full Text Available BORIS/CTCFL is a member of cancer testis antigen family normally expressed in germ cells. In tumors, it is aberrantly expressed although its functions are not completely well-defined. To better understand the functions of BORIS in cancer, we selected the embryonic cancer cells as a model. Using a molecular beacon, which specifically targets BORIS mRNA, we demonstrated that BORIS positive cells are a small subpopulation of tumor cells (3-5% of total. The BORIS-positive cells isolated using BORIS-molecular beacon, expressed higher telomerase hTERT, stem cell (NANOG, OCT4, SOX2 and cancer stem cell marker genes (CD44 and ALDH1 compared to the BORIS-negative tumor cells. In order to define the functional role of BORIS, stable BORIS-depleted embryonic cancer cells were generated. BORIS silencing strongly down-regulated the expression of hTERT, stem cell and cancer stem cell marker genes. Moreover, the BORIS knockdown increased cellular senescence in embryonic cancer cells, revealing a putative role of BORIS in the senescence biological program. Our data indicate an association of BORIS expressing cells subpopulation with the expression of stemness genes, highlighting the critical role played by BORIS in embryonic neoplastic disease.

  5. Boris Akunin e il romanzo antinichilista giudeofobico di fine Ottocento

    Alessandro Cifariello


    Full Text Available Boris Akunin and 19th century Anti-Nihilistic Judeophobic Novel The aim of this article is to demonstrate how Boris Akunin works to reconstruct Russian history before Bolshevik revolution, especially through the imitation and revision of Ninetinth Century literary feelings and perceptions. Having reaffirmed the postmodernist nature of The State Counsellor with quotations and arguments, among the others, by Baraban, Rubinštejn, Possamai, Numato, De Lotto, Rančin, to bring new contribution to a better understanding of this peculiar post-modernist novel our work has been made mainly by reviewing the historical parts of The State Counsellor drawing constantly a comparison between this novel and anti-Nihilistic literature.In the article we underline a series of problems related to the syncretism between Boris Akunin’s The State Counsellor and 1 anti-Nihilistic novel, 2 anti-Nihilistic Judeophobic novel of the Seventies, Eighties and fi rst years of the Nineties, particularly a I.I. Jasinskij’s Po gorjačim sledam (1892, b V.V. Krestovskij’s T’ma egipetskaja (1888. Akunin’s literary processes to rewrite history into The State Counsellor are clearly based on anti-Nihilistic literary sources, especially those literary topoi as the so-called “group of fi ve”, the “Jewish nihilists behind Bolshevik revolution”, the “Jewish pogrom”, a.s.o.

  6. The evolution of epigenetic regulators CTCF and BORIS/CTCFL in amniotes.

    Timothy A Hore


    Full Text Available CTCF is an essential, ubiquitously expressed DNA-binding protein responsible for insulator function, nuclear architecture, and transcriptional control within vertebrates. The gene CTCF was proposed to have duplicated in early mammals, giving rise to a paralogue called "brother of regulator of imprinted sites" (BORIS or CTCFL with DNA binding capabilities similar to CTCF, but testis-specific expression in humans and mice. CTCF and BORIS have opposite regulatory effects on human cancer-testis genes, the anti-apoptotic BAG1 gene, the insulin-like growth factor 2/H19 imprint control region (IGF2/H19 ICR, and show mutually exclusive expression in humans and mice, suggesting that they are antagonistic epigenetic regulators. We discovered orthologues of BORIS in at least two reptilian species and found traces of its sequence in the chicken genome, implying that the duplication giving rise to BORIS occurred much earlier than previously thought. We analysed the expression of CTCF and BORIS in a range of amniotes by conventional and quantitative PCR. BORIS, as well as CTCF, was found widely expressed in monotremes (platypus and reptiles (bearded dragon, suggesting redundancy or cooperation between these genes in a common amniote ancestor. However, we discovered that BORIS expression was gonad-specific in marsupials (tammar wallaby and eutherians (cattle, implying that a functional change occurred in BORIS during the early evolution of therian mammals. Since therians show imprinting of IGF2 but other vertebrate taxa do not, we speculate that CTCF and BORIS evolved specialised functions along with the evolution of imprinting at this and other loci, coinciding with the restriction of BORIS expression to the germline and potential antagonism with CTCF.

  7. The Evolution of Epigenetic Regulators CTCF and BORIS/CTCFL in Amniotes

    Hore, Timothy A.; Deakin, Janine E.; Marshall Graves, Jennifer A.


    CTCF is an essential, ubiquitously expressed DNA-binding protein responsible for insulator function, nuclear architecture, and transcriptional control within vertebrates. The gene CTCF was proposed to have duplicated in early mammals, giving rise to a paralogue called “brother of regulator of imprinted sites” (BORIS or CTCFL) with DNA binding capabilities similar to CTCF, but testis-specific expression in humans and mice. CTCF and BORIS have opposite regulatory effects on human cancer-testis genes, the anti-apoptotic BAG1 gene, the insulin-like growth factor 2/H19 imprint control region (IGF2/H19 ICR), and show mutually exclusive expression in humans and mice, suggesting that they are antagonistic epigenetic regulators. We discovered orthologues of BORIS in at least two reptilian species and found traces of its sequence in the chicken genome, implying that the duplication giving rise to BORIS occurred much earlier than previously thought. We analysed the expression of CTCF and BORIS in a range of amniotes by conventional and quantitative PCR. BORIS, as well as CTCF, was found widely expressed in monotremes (platypus) and reptiles (bearded dragon), suggesting redundancy or cooperation between these genes in a common amniote ancestor. However, we discovered that BORIS expression was gonad-specific in marsupials (tammar wallaby) and eutherians (cattle), implying that a functional change occurred in BORIS during the early evolution of therian mammals. Since therians show imprinting of IGF2 but other vertebrate taxa do not, we speculate that CTCF and BORIS evolved specialised functions along with the evolution of imprinting at this and other loci, coinciding with the restriction of BORIS expression to the germline and potential antagonism with CTCF. PMID:18769711

  8. The evolution of epigenetic regulators CTCF and BORIS/CTCFL in amniotes.

    Hore, Timothy A; Deakin, Janine E; Marshall Graves, Jennifer A


    CTCF is an essential, ubiquitously expressed DNA-binding protein responsible for insulator function, nuclear architecture, and transcriptional control within vertebrates. The gene CTCF was proposed to have duplicated in early mammals, giving rise to a paralogue called "brother of regulator of imprinted sites" (BORIS or CTCFL) with DNA binding capabilities similar to CTCF, but testis-specific expression in humans and mice. CTCF and BORIS have opposite regulatory effects on human cancer-testis genes, the anti-apoptotic BAG1 gene, the insulin-like growth factor 2/H19 imprint control region (IGF2/H19 ICR), and show mutually exclusive expression in humans and mice, suggesting that they are antagonistic epigenetic regulators. We discovered orthologues of BORIS in at least two reptilian species and found traces of its sequence in the chicken genome, implying that the duplication giving rise to BORIS occurred much earlier than previously thought. We analysed the expression of CTCF and BORIS in a range of amniotes by conventional and quantitative PCR. BORIS, as well as CTCF, was found widely expressed in monotremes (platypus) and reptiles (bearded dragon), suggesting redundancy or cooperation between these genes in a common amniote ancestor. However, we discovered that BORIS expression was gonad-specific in marsupials (tammar wallaby) and eutherians (cattle), implying that a functional change occurred in BORIS during the early evolution of therian mammals. Since therians show imprinting of IGF2 but other vertebrate taxa do not, we speculate that CTCF and BORIS evolved specialised functions along with the evolution of imprinting at this and other loci, coinciding with the restriction of BORIS expression to the germline and potential antagonism with CTCF. PMID:18769711

  9. Results of environmental radiation monitoring and meteorology measurements (material prepared for obtaining the licence for RA reactor experimental operation)

    According to the demands for obtaining the licence for restarting the Ra reactor and the experimental operation this document includes the radiation monitoring measured data in the working space and environment of the RA reactor, i.e. Boris Kidric Institute. The meteorology measured data are included as well. All the measurements are performed according to the radiation protection program applied actually from the first reactor start-up at the end of 1959

  10. Early Eocene birds from La Borie, southern France

    Bourdon, Estelle; Mourer-Chauviré, Cécile; Laurent, Yves


    corresponds to the middle Ypresian, Lower Eocene. Here we provide a detailed description of the avian remains that were preliminarily reported in a recent study of the vertebrate fauna from La Borie. A maxilla, a quadrate, cervical vertebrae, a femur and two tibiotarsi are assigned to the giant ground bird...... of Geranoididae and the large flightless bird Gastornis on either side of the present-day North Atlantic provides further evidence that a high-latitude land connection existed between Europe and North America in the Early Eocene....

  11. Boris Blagonić PhD in Technical Sciences

    Miodrag Roić


    Full Text Available Boris Blagonić completed his doctoral studies at the Faculty of Geodesy in Zagreb on July 13, 2012 by defending his dissertation titled Utility Cadastre in Local Spatial Data Infrastructure. His mentor was Prof. Dr. Miodrag Roić and the other members of the Commission for the evaluation and defence of the dissertation were Prof. Dr. Zdravko Kapović (president, Prof. Dr. Vlado Cetl, Prof. Dr. Siniša Mastelić Ivić and Assist. Prof. Hrvoje Matijević.

  12. Boris Blagonić PhD in Technical Sciences

    Miodrag Roić


    Boris Blagonić completed his doctoral studies at the Faculty of Geodesy in Zagreb on July 13, 2012 by defending his dissertation titled Utility Cadastre in Local Spatial Data Infrastructure. His mentor was Prof. Dr. Miodrag Roić and the other members of the Commission for the evaluation and defence of the dissertation were Prof. Dr. Zdravko Kapović (president), Prof. Dr. Vlado Cetl, Prof. Dr. Siniša Mastelić Ivić and Assist. Prof. Hrvoje Matijević.

  13. Nutritional Composition and Assessment of Gracilaria Iemaneiformis Bory

    Xue Wen; Changlian Peng; Houcheng Zhou; Zhifang Lin; Guizhu Lin; Shaowei Chen; Ping Li


    The chemical composition, mineral elements, vitamins, free fatty acids and amino acid content of the edible red alga Gracilaria lemaneiformis Bory, grown in the sea near Nan'ao island, Guangdong Province, were analyzed in the present study. Gracilaria lemaneiformis Bory showed a total sugar content of 14.65%. The protein content was 21%, of which approximately 41% was determined to be essential amino acids (EAA).The major amino acid components were glutamic acid, leucine, arginine, and alanine. Of the EAA assayed,methionine and cysteine appeared to be the most limiting amino acids compared with the EAA pattern provided by Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. The total lipids content was 0.87% and comprised a high composition of unsaturated fatty acids (61%), mainly as linoleic acid and oleic acid, and a little amount of polyunsaturated fatty acid; palmitic acid was the main component (39%) of saturated acids.Relatively high levels of vitamin C, iodine, phosphorus, and zinc were also present in G. lemaneiformis. The nutritional composition between G. Iemaneiformis and Nostoc flagelliforme, a rare alga that is widely eaten in Chinese society, was compared. The results suggest that N. flagelliforme can be substituted for by G.Iemaneiformis, not only because of their similar shape, but also because of their approximate nutritional composition. Gracilaria Iemaneiformis may possibly serve as a potential healthy food in human diets in the future.

  14. CTCFL (BORIS) mRNA Expression in a Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma of the Oral Cavity

    Zambrano-Galván, Graciela; Reyes-Romero, Miguel; Bologna-Molina, Ronell; Almeda-Ojeda, Oscar Eduardo; Lemus-Rojero, Obed


    Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a relatively common benign reactive lesion of the oral cavity which can occur at any age. CTCFL/BORIS (CTCF like/Brother of the Regulator of Imprinted Sites) and CTCF (CCCTC-binding factor) are paralogous genes with an important role in the regulation of gene expression, genomic imprinting, and nuclear chromatin insulators regulation. BORIS expression promotes cell immortalization and growth while CTCF has tumor suppressor activity; the expression pattern may reflect the reverse transcription silencing of BORIS. The aim of this work was to describe a histopathological and molecular approach of an 8-year-old pediatric male patient with PGCG diagnosis. It was observed that the PGCG under study expressed CTCF as well as BORIS mRNAs alongside with the housekeeping gene GAPDH, which may be related to possible genetic and epigenetic changes in normal cells of oral cavity. PMID:25114808

  15. Karakterisasi Dan Skrining Fitokimia Serta Isolasi Alginat Dari Talus Turbinaria decurrens Bory



    Brown alga is one of alginate source which is quite potential, one of the species is Turbinaria decurrens Bory which had not been used widely and avaible in the coastal region of Indonesia, especially in Aceh. The purpose of this study was to determinate the simplex characterization of Turbinaria decurrens Bory, isolation of sodium alginate and characterization of the isolate. The identification of sodium alginate from isolate qualitatively, yield determination, phytochemical screening, ...

  16. The Evolution of Epigenetic Regulators CTCF and BORIS/CTCFL in Amniotes

    Hore, Timothy A.; Deakin, Janine E; Marshall Graves, Jennifer A


    CTCF is an essential, ubiquitously expressed DNA-binding protein responsible for insulator function, nuclear architecture, and transcriptional control within vertebrates. The gene CTCF was proposed to have duplicated in early mammals, giving rise to a paralogue called "brother of regulator of imprinted sites" (BORIS or CTCFL) with DNA binding capabilities similar to CTCF, but testis-specific expression in humans and mice. CTCF and BORIS have opposite regulatory effects on human cancer-testis ...

  17. Efficiency of a Boris-like integration scheme with spatial stepping

    A modified Boris-like integration, in which the spatial coordinate is the independent variable, is derived. This spatial-Boris integration method is useful for beam simulations, in which the independent variable is often the distance along the beam. The new integration method is second order accurate, requires only one force calculation per particle per step, and preserves conserved quantities more accurately over long distances than a Runge-Kutta integration scheme. Results from the spatial-Boris integration method and a Runge-Kutta scheme are compared for two simulations: (i) a particle in a uniform solenoid field and (ii) a particle in a sinusoidally varying solenoid field. In the uniform solenoid case, the spatial-Boris scheme is shown to perfectly conserve for any step size quantities such as the gyroradius and the perpendicular momentum. The Runge-Kutta integrator produces damping in these conserved quantities. In the sinusoidally varying case, the conserved quantity of canonical angular momentum is used to measure the accuracy of the two schemes. For the sinusoidally varying field simulations, error analysis is used to determine the integration distance beyond which the spatial-Boris integration method is more efficient than a fourth-order Runge-Kutta scheme. For beam physics applications where statistical quantities such as beam emittance are important, these results imply the spatial-Boris scheme is 3 times more efficient. (c) 2002 American Physical Society

  18. Brother of the regulator of the imprinted site (BORIS) variant subfamily 6 is involved in cervical cancer stemness and can be a target of immunotherapy.

    Asano, Takuya; Hirohashi, Yoshihiko; Torigoe, Toshihiko; Mariya, Tasuku; Horibe, Ryota; Kuroda, Takafumi; Tabuchi, Yuta; Saijo, Hiroshi; Yasuda, Kazuyo; Mizuuchi, Masahito; Takahashi, Akari; Asanuma, Hiroko; Hasegawa, Tadashi; Saito, Tsuyoshi; Sato, Noriyuki


    Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer death in females worldwide. Cervical cancer stem-like cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) are resistant to conventional radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and CSCs/CICs are thought to be responsible for recurrence. Eradication of CSCs/CICs is thus essential to cure cervical cancer. In this study, we isolated cervical CSCs/CICs by sphere culture, and we identified a cancer testis (CT) antigen, CTCFL/BORIS, that is expressed in cervical CSCs/CICs. BORIS has 23 mRNA isoform variants classified by 6 subfamilies (sfs), and they encode 17 different BORIS peptides. BORIS sf1 and sf4 are expressed in both CSCs/CICs and non-CSCs/CICs, whereas BORIS sf6 is expressed only in CSCs/CICs. Overexpression of BORIS sf6 in cervical cancer cells increased sphere formation and tumor-initiating ability compared with those in control cells, whereas overexpression of BORIS sf1 and BORIS sf4 resulted in only slight increases. Thus, BORIS sf6 is a cervical CSC/CIC-specific subfamily and has a role in the maintenance of cervical CSCs/CICs. BORIS sf6 contains a specific c-terminal domain (C34), and we identified a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2-restricted antigenic peptide, BORIS C34_24(9) encoded by BORIS sf6. A BORIS C34_24(9)-specific cytotoxic T cell (CTL) clone showed cytotoxicity for BORIS sf6-overexpressing cervical cancer cells. Furthermore, the CTL clone significantly suppressed sphere formation of CaSki cells. Taken together, the results indicate that the CT antigen BORIS sf6 is specifically expressed in cervical CSCs/CICs, that BORIS sf6 has a role in the maintenance of CSCs/CICs, and that BORIS C34_24(9) peptide is a promising candidate for cervical CSC/CIC-targeting immunotherapy. PMID:26849232

  19. Different Effects of BORIS/CTCFL on Stemness Gene Expression, Sphere Formation and Cell Survival in Epithelial Cancer Stem Cells.

    Loredana Alberti

    Full Text Available Cancer stem cells are cancer cells characterized by stem cell properties and represent a small population of tumor cells that drives tumor development, progression, metastasis and drug resistance. To date, the molecular mechanisms that generate and regulate cancer stem cells are not well defined. BORIS (Brother of Regulator of Imprinted Sites or CTCFL (CTCF-like is a DNA-binding protein that is expressed in normal tissues only in germ cells and is re-activated in tumors. Recent evidences have highlighted the correlation of BORIS/CTCFL expression with poor overall survival of different cancer patients. We have previously shown an association of BORIS-expressing cells with stemness gene expression in embryonic cancer cells. Here, we studied the role of BORIS in epithelial tumor cells. Using BORIS-molecular beacon that was already validated, we were able to show the presence of BORIS mRNA in cancer stem cell-enriched populations (side population and spheres of cervical, colon and breast tumor cells. BORIS silencing studies showed a decrease of sphere formation capacity in breast and colon tumor cells. Importantly, BORIS-silencing led to down-regulation of hTERT, stem cell (NANOG, OCT4, SOX2 and BMI1 and cancer stem cell markers (ABCG2, CD44 and ALDH1 genes. Conversely, BORIS-induction led to up-regulation of the same genes. These phenotypes were observed in cervical, colon and invasive breast tumor cells. However, a completely different behavior was observed in the non-invasive breast tumor cells (MCF7. Indeed, these cells acquired an epithelial mesenchymal transition phenotype after BORIS silencing. Our results demonstrate that BORIS is associated with cancer stem cell-enriched populations of several epithelial tumor cells and the different phenotypes depend on the origin of tumor cells.

  20. A polymorphic minisatellite region of BORIS regulates gene expression and its rare variants correlate with lung cancer susceptibility

    Yoon, Se-Lyun; Roh, Yun-Gil; Chu, In-Sun; Heo, Jeonghoon; Kim, Seung Il; Chang, Heekyung; Kang, Tae-Hong; Chung, Jin Woong; Koh, Sang Seok; Larionov, Vladimir; Leem, Sun-Hee


    Aberrant expression of BORIS/CTCFL (Brother of the Regulator of Imprinted Sites/CTCF-like protein) is reported in different malignancies. In this study, we characterized the entire promoter region of BORIS/CTCFL, including the CpG islands, to assess the relationship between BORIS expression and lung cancer. To simplify the construction of luciferase reporter cassettes with various-sized portions of the upstream region, genomic copies of BORIS were isolated using TAR cloning technology. We analyzed three promoter blocks: the GATA/CCAAT box, the CpG islands and the minisatellite region BORIS-MS2. Polymorphic minisatellite sequences were isolated from genomic DNA prepared from the blood of controls and cases. Of the three promoter blocks, the GATA/CCAAT box was determined to be a critical element of the core promoter, while the CpG islands and the BORIS-MS2 minisatellite region were found to act as regulators. Interestingly, the polymorphic minisatellite region BORIS-MS2 was identified as a negative regulator that repressed the expression levels of luciferase reporter cassettes less effectively in cancer cells compared with normal cells. We also examined the association between the size of BORIS-MS2 and lung cancer in a case–control study with 590 controls and 206 lung cancer cases. Rare alleles of BORIS-MS2 were associated with a statistically significantly increased risk of lung cancer (odds ratio, 2.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.02–4.08; and P=0.039). To conclude, our data provide information on the organization of the BORIS promoter region and gene regulation in normal and cancer cells. In addition, we propose that specific alleles of the BORIS-MS2 region could be used to identify the risk for lung cancer. PMID:27416782

  1. The London Mayoral election will be won by the most effective orator – and this currently favours Boris Johnson

    Crines, Andrew


    Electoral success depends on the delivery of political messages and analysing the comparative oratorical skills of Ken Livingstone and Boris Johnson provides an insight into who will emerge as the victor in the upcoming mayoral election. Andrew Crines argues that Boris has the edge, but Ken still has cards to play.

  2. The novel BORIS + CTCF gene family is uniquely involved in the epigenetics of normal biology and cancer.

    Klenova, Elena M; Morse, Herbert C; Ohlsson, Rolf; Lobanenkov, Victor V


    CTCF is a ubiquitous 11 zinc finger (ZF) protein with highly versatile functions: in addition to transcriptional silencing or activating in a context-dependent fashion, it organizes epigenetically controlled chromatin insulators that regulate imprinted genes in soma. Recently, we have identified a CTCF paralogue, termed BORIS for Brother of the Regulator of Imprinted Sites, that is expressed only in the testis. BORIS has the same exons encoding the 11 ZF domain as mammalian CTCF genes, and hence interacts with similar cis elements, but encodes amino and carboxy termini distinct from those in CTCF. Normally, CTCF and BORIS are expressed in a mutually exclusive pattern that correlates with re-setting of methylation marks during male germ cell differentiation. The antagonistic features of these two gene siblings are underscored by showing that while CTCF overexpression blocks cell proliferation, expression of BORIS in normally BORIS-negative cells promotes cell growth which can lead to transformation. The suggestion that BORIS directs epigenetic reprogramming at CTCF target sites impinges on the observations that human BORIS is not only abnormally activated in a wide range of human cancers, but also maps to the cancer-associated amplification region at 20q13. The sibling rivalry occasioned by aberrant expression of BORIS in cancer may interfere with normal functions of CTCF including growth suppression, and contribute to epigenetic dysregulation which is a common feature in human cancer. PMID:12191639

  3. Tshelovek na katsheljah vremeni : zametki s VIII kinofestivalja "Tjomnõje notshi" / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil nähtud filmidest. Pikemalt Simon Staho filmist "Päev ja öö", Jan Hrebejk' filmist "Üles-alla", Jerzy Stuhl'i filmist "Homne ilm", Guka Omarova "Skiso", Dmitri Meshijevi "Omad" ja Boris Hlebnikovi, Aleksei Popogrebski "Koktebel"

  4. O medo e o silêncio na ficção de Boris Schnaiderman

    Ivone Gomes de Assis


    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda duas poéticas apresentadas em Guerra em surdina, de Boris Schnaiderman: o medo e o silêncio. Não se trata de uma condição isolada, mas, de experiências relatadas pelo personagem João Afonso, durante seu período de combate, na Segunda Guerra Mundial, na Itália

  5. Thirty years of nuclear fission in Yugoslavia

    Experimental nuclear reactor 'RB' in Boris Kidric Institute in Vinca is the first nuclear facility built in Yugoslavia in which the first Yugoslav controlled nuclear fission was achieved thirty years ago on April 26, 1958. Designed by Yugoslav scientist as a bare, natural uranium-heavy water critical assembly, the 'RB' reactor has survived a series of modifications trying to follow directions of contemporary nuclear research. The actual 'RB' reactor technical characteristics and experimental possibilities are described. The modifications are underlined, the experience gained and plans for future are presented. A brief review of reactor operation and experiments performed is shown. (author)

  6. Computer monitoring of the RB reactor operation

    Personal computer based acquisition system designed for monitoring of operation of the RB experimental reactor in the Institute of Nuclear Sciences 'Vinca' (former 'Boris Kidric') and experiences acquired during its use are shown in this paper. The monitoring covers generally all nuclear aspects of the reactor operation (start-up, nominal power operation, power changing, shut down and maintenance), but the emphasis is put on: real time (especially fast changing) reactivity measurement; supervising time dependence of the safety rods positions during shut down, and detection of position inaccuracy or failure operation of safety/control rods during the reactor operation or maintenance. (author)

  7. Portable laboratories for radioactivity measurements

    The portable radiometric laboratories LARA-10, LARA-GS, LARA-86 and ALARA-10 designed, developed and produced at the Boris Kidric Institute are described. Earlier models (LARA-1, LARA-1D, LARA-2 and LARA-5) are presented in brief. The basic characteristics of the devices and methods of measurements are given. All the instruments are battery operated and almost all can also use 220V/50Hz supply. They are a very suitable facility for radiological monitoring of soil, water, food, clothes etc., when working in field conditions (author)

  8. Boris Johnson: “I can see what needs to be done to secure London’s future”

    Johnson, Boris


    Conservative mayoral candidate and current City Hall incumbent, Boris Johnson, outlines his manifesto for Londoners with a focus on cutting waste, keeping London safer with officers on the beat and getting the best bargain from Downing Street. This post follows on from contributions earlier this week from other mayoral candidates including Brian Paddick, Ken Livingstone and Jenny Jones, with an introduction by Tony Travers

  9. Measurements of the neutron-spectra on the nuclear plants by means of the activation and fission detectors

    Here are presented the results of the neutron spectra determinations on the nuclear plants HPRR(USA), SILEN (FRANCE), and VIPER (GREAT BRITAIN) by means of a method developed in the Institute for Nuclear Sciences BORIS KIDRIC, Vinca based on the measurements of the induced activities in the activation detectors, created number of fissions in the fission detectors as well as on the measurements of the specific activity Na-24 in a phantom of BOMAB type. The measurements of the neutron spectra by means of the activation and fission detectors is particularly convenient on the nuclear plants operating on an impulse rate, where exist neutron fields of relatively high intensities. The forms of the neutron spectra on these plants measured by the method developed in the Institute BORIS KIDRIC for the needs of the accidental dosimetry are used to determine the mean values of the conversion factors fluens - absorbed dose of the neutrons for the energy interval 1 keV - 14 MeV. The results are compared with the values obtained by the other authors and in most cases the departures were within 10%. (author)

  10. Evaluation of the potential role of the new Cancer-Testis Antigen BORIS for the development of novel strategies of immunotherapy of cancer

    BORIS/CTCFL (for brother of the regulator of imprinted sites), a paralogue of the transcription factor CTCF, is a recently described novel member of the cancer-testis (CT) antigen family (Loukinov D, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2002;99:6806). BORIS expression appears to be restricted to testicular germ cells and to a vast majority of neoplastic cells including both cancer cell lines and primary tumors (Klenova EM, et al. Semin Cancer Biol 2002;12:399)

  11. Clusters, orders, and trees methods and applications in honor of Boris Mirkin's 70th birthday

    Goldengorin, Boris; Pardalos, Panos


    The volume is dedicated to Boris Mirkin on the occasion of his 70th birthday. In addition to his startling PhD results in abstract automata theory, Mirkin’s ground breaking contributions in various fields of decision making and data analysis have marked the fourth quarter of the 20th century and beyond. Mirkin has done pioneering work in group choice, clustering, data mining and knowledge discovery aimed at finding and describing non-trivial or hidden structures—first of all, clusters, orderings, and hierarchies—in multivariate and/or network data. This volume contains a collection of papers reflecting recent developments rooted in Mirkin's fundamental contribution to the state-of-the-art in group choice, ordering, clustering, data mining, and knowledge discovery. Researchers, students, and software engineers will benefit from new knowledge discovery techniques and application directions.

  12. Comment on "Symplectic integration of magnetic systems": A proof that the Boris algorithm is not variational

    Ellison, C. L.; Burby, J. W.; Qin, H.


    The Boris algorithm is a popular technique for the numerical time advance of charged particles interacting with electric and magnetic fields according to the Lorentz force law [1-4]. Its popularity stems from simple implementation, rapid iteration, and excellent long-term numerical fidelity [1,5]. Excellent long-term behavior strongly suggests the numerical dynamics exhibit conservation laws analogous to those governing the continuous Lorentz force system [6]. Without conserved quantities to constrain the numerical dynamics, algorithms typically dissipate or accumulate important observables such as energy and momentum over long periods of simulated time [6]. Identification of the conservative properties of an algorithm is important for establishing rigorous expectations on the long-term behavior; energy-preserving, symplectic, and volume-preserving methods each have particular implications for the qualitative numerical behavior [6-11].

  13. Growth rate of Usnea aurantiacoatra (Jacq.) Bory on Fildes Peninsula, Antarctica and its climatic background.

    Li, Ying; Kromer, Bernd; Schukraft, Gerd; Bubenzer, Olaf; Huang, Man-Rong; Wang, Ze-Min; Bian, Lin-Gen; Li, Cheng-Sen


    The ages of a fruticose lichen of Usnea aurantiacoatra (Jacq.) Bory, from Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Southwest Antarctic, were determined by radiocarbon (14C), and it is 1993-1996 at bottom and 2006-2007 at top of the lichen branch. The growth rates of U. aurantiacoatra calculated are 4.3 to 5.5 mm year(-1) based on its length and ages. The comparisons show that the growth rates of U. aurantiacoatra are higher than those of U. antarctica (0.4 to 1.1 mm year(-1)). The growth rates of fruticose lichens are always higher, usually >2 mm year(-1), than those of crustose ones, usually lichen growth rates in polar areas may respond to the climatic and environmental changes, and the lichens may act as bio-monitor of natural condition. PMID:24968131

  14. Benchmark of the 3-dimensional plasma transport codes E3D and BoRiS

    The next generation of experiments - both for tokamaks and stellarators - require the development of appropriate theoretical models. One important aspect here is the plasma edge physics description. Fluid transport codes extending beyond the standard 2-D code packages like B2-Eirene or UEDGE are under development. In the case of tokamaks, an interesting alternative line is the concept of an ergodic edge (necessary e.g. for ergodic divertors in TORE SUPRA or TEXTOR-94) creating a 3-D edge structure. To study this effects, a 3-D code E3D based upon Multiple Coordinate Systems Approach is being developed. Presently, we extend the program towards stellarator applications. A few new options are made available: single-island geometry and new formulation of boundary conditions. For the new stellarator W7-X a 3-D finite volume code BoRiS is developed using magnetic (Boozer) coordinates. In this paper, we present a benchmark of both codes for a test geometry (single magnetic island in W7-X) accounting for full 3-D metric variations for strongly anisotropic electron heat conduction equation. (orig.)


    Nikolay I. Sobolev


    Full Text Available Th e beginning of the 20th century is the heyday of Russian dramatic art. Moscow and St.  Petersburg became a  meeting place for a  considerable amount of  artistic talent that allowed, based on  the preceding theatrical tradition,creating outstanding works of theatrical art. Th e distinguishing feature of the poetics of the new Russian drama was plot collision, that does not derive from external events but from intentionally occasional, impulsive emotional movements of  the characters. Th e article reviews dramas of Boris Zaytsev, written in the fi rst half of the 20th century. For the plays of that period is typical impressionism, associative composition, weakness of  the plot. Th eir content is characterized by tense psychologism, the dynamics of emotional experience and philosophizing. Key themes developed in dramas become the theme of redemption by love, search for spiritual wholeness and overcoming of existential confl ict the heroes are faced with

  16. Growth rate of Usnea aurantiacoatra (Jacq. Bory on Fildes Peninsula, Antarctica and its climatic background.

    Ying Li

    Full Text Available The ages of a fruticose lichen of Usnea aurantiacoatra (Jacq. Bory, from Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Southwest Antarctic, were determined by radiocarbon (14C, and it is 1993-1996 at bottom and 2006-2007 at top of the lichen branch. The growth rates of U. aurantiacoatra calculated are 4.3 to 5.5 mm year(-1 based on its length and ages. The comparisons show that the growth rates of U. aurantiacoatra are higher than those of U. antarctica (0.4 to 1.1 mm year(-1. The growth rates of fruticose lichens are always higher, usually >2 mm year(-1, than those of crustose ones, usually <1 mm year(-1, in polar areas. A warming trend on Fildes Peninsula is recorded in the period from 1969 to 2010 obviously: the mean annual temperature rose from -2.75 to -1.9°C and the average temperature of summer months from 0.95 to 1.4°C, as well as the average temperature of winter months from -6.75 to -5.5°C. The alteration of lichen growth rates in polar areas may respond to the climatic and environmental changes, and the lichens may act as bio-monitor of natural condition.

  17. [On a contribution of Boris Balinsky to the comparative and ecological embryology of amphibians].

    Desnitskiĭ, A G


    The outstanding embryologist Boris Ivanovich Balinsky (1905-1997) worked in the Soviet Union up to 1941 and in South Africa since 1949. His experimental studies fulfilled during the Soviet period of his scientific career mainly on the embryos of the caudate amphibians are widely known. After moving to Africa (Johannesburg), he continued the research of amphibian development, with using those possibilities, which were offered by the diverse fauna of local Anura. Other embryologists started complex studies of tropical frog ontogenies (mainly from South and Central America) 30-40 years later than Balinsky. Unfortunately, his pioneering works on numerous African species are poorly known (with the exceptions of the description of the development of endodermal derivatives in Xenopus laevis and the analysis of limb induction in the toad genus Amietophrynus). In this paper, the works of Balinsky are analyzed (with the emphasis on comparative and ecological aspects) and his priority in using of "nonmodel" tropical and subtropical anurans in embryological studies has been shown. PMID:25720271

  18. The Bare Critical Assembly of Natural Uranium and Heavy Water

    The first reactor built in Yugoslavia was the bare zero energy heavy water and natural uranium assembly at the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade. The reactor went critical on April 29, 1958. The possession of four tons of natural uranium metal and the temporary availability of seven tons of heavy water encouraged the staff of the Institute to build a critical assembly. A critical assembly was chosen, rather than high flux reactor, because the heavy water was available only temporarily. Besides, a 10 MW, enriched uranium, research reactor is being built at the same Institute and should be ready for operation late this year. It was supposed that the zero energy reactor would provide experience in carrying out critical experiments, operational experience with nuclear reactors, and the possibility for an extensive program in reactor physics. (author)

  19. Influenze lunguistiche romanze nello sloveno letterario di Trieste. La lingua di Boris Pahor

    Mitja Skubic


    Full Text Available L'autore esamina la lingua dello scritto e t iestino Boris Pahor, urio de li eminenti creatori letterari in sloveno del secondo dopoguerra. Gli anni di scuola ed una  parte della giovinezza di Boris Pahor, nato nel 1913, appartengono ad un periodo nel quale lo sloveno a Trieste, e nelle province di Trieste       e di Gorizia, non godeva di uno  status pubblico ufficiale, salvo in chiesa. L influsso linguistico dell'italiano, normale in un territorio etnicamente e linguisticamente misto, spinto in una situazione anormale, creatasi nel primo  dopoguerra, non sorprende. Lo scrittore fu in  stretto contratto con l'italiano e il legame linguistico (e certo anche culturale è 'di doppia natura: esisstono, da una parte, influenze della parlata locale triestina -veneta, con qualche venatura tergestina, vale a dire friulana; dell'altra, lo scrittore ebbe a subire numerose influenze dell'italiano letterario. Non è facile scindere queste due fonti dei romanismi linguistici, che chiamiamo genericamente italianismi; il termine è fallace, perchè è fallace la grafia la quale rare volte palesa l'origine veneta: ščaveta, škojera, mandrijer, čožotska bragoca. L'interesse di questo contributo si concentra su prestiti, per lo più adattati al sistema fono-morfologico che vige per lo sloveno, e, soprattutto7 su calchi, quelli semantici e quelli sintattici. Una quantità non trascurabile di calchi ci convince della loro provenienza popolare, del fatto, cioe, che bisogna cer­ carne l'origine nel contatto linguistico diretto delle due etnie. Il materiale raccolto contraddice, dunaue. l'asserzione alquanto apodittica della provenienza popolare, immediata, dei soli presti­ ti e della provenienz letteraria, dotta, dei calchi. I calchi semantici sono parecchi: si tratta sempre dell'uso di un termine sloveno che in sloveno letterario e nei dialetti centrali esiste, ma che in Pahor viene usato con un significate sconosciuto allo sloveno centrale

  20. Report of the Yugoslav activities within the NPY-Project

    According to the NPY-Project agreement a large part of the Yugoslav activities in reactor physics was included in the cooperative programme, covering the activity of the Department of reactor physics of the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences and to some extent, the activity of the Reactor Department of the Jozef Stefan Institute in Ljubljana. The work was related to the 9 tasks defined in the cooperative programme. The Yugoslav party carried out these tasks which are directly on the line of the national programme and financially supported by the Yugoslav Nuclear Energy Commission. The tasks are as follows: Establishment of a consistent set of nuclear data; Neutron thermalization and neutron distribution in reactor cell and comparison with the experiments; Resonance absorption effects; Buckling measurements; Void effects; Reactor kinetics; Development of nuclear reactor design code

  1. Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky, Nathan Rosen. Can the quantum mechanical description of the physical reality be considered as complete?; Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky, Nathan Rosen. Kann die quantenmechanische Beschreibung der physikalischen Realitaet als vollstaendig betrachtet werden?

    Kiefer, Claus (ed.) [Koeln Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik


    The year 2015 marks not only the centenary anniversary around the general relativity theory, but also the octogenary anniversary around one of the most effective works of theoretical physics: The work of Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky, and Nathan Rosen (EPR) from the year 1935 reprinted and commented here. In the commented edition present here not only the historical context and the effect history of this work are drawn after in detail but also the effects on modern research and the still discussed theoretical foundations of quantum theory. Reprinted are beyond the German translation of the EPR work also the translation of Bohr's subsequent work with the same title from the same year as well Einstein's article for the journal Dialectica written 1948 in German.

  2. Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky, Nathan Rosen. Can the quantum mechanical description of the physical reality be considered as complete?

    The year 2015 marks not only the centenary anniversary around the general relativity theory, but also the octogenary anniversary around one of the most effective works of theoretical physics: The work of Albert Einstein, Boris Podolsky, and Nathan Rosen (EPR) from the year 1935 reprinted and commented here. In the commented edition present here not only the historical context and the effect history of this work are drawn after in detail but also the effects on modern research and the still discussed theoretical foundations of quantum theory. Reprinted are beyond the German translation of the EPR work also the translation of Bohr's subsequent work with the same title from the same year as well Einstein's article for the journal Dialectica written 1948 in German.

  3. Boris Hirsch: Monopsonistic Labour Markets and the Gender Pay Gap. Theory and Empirical Evidence. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag 2010.

    Andrea Jochmann-Döll


    Full Text Available Der mögliche Beitrag monopsonistischer Arbeitsmarktmodelle zur Erklärung der geschlechterbezogenen Entgeltlücke (Gender Pay Gap steht im Zentrum der Dissertation von Boris Hirsch. Nach den Theorien des räumlichen und des dynamischen Monopsons sind Unternehmen deshalb in der Lage, geringere Entgelte an Frauen zu zahlen, weil deren Arbeitsangebot auf Unternehmensebene weniger elastisch ist und sie bei einem Arbeitsplatzwechsel höhere Verluste in Kauf nehmen müssen. Die Ausnutzung der Monopsonmacht und die mit dem Robinson’schen Ansatz beschreibbare Diskriminierung durch die Unternehmen führten zu unterschiedlichen Entgelten zwischen Frauen und Männern. Die von Hirsch getroffenen theoretischen Annahmen werden für den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt empirisch bestätigt; durch sie lässt sich mindestens ein Drittel des Gender Pay Gap erklären.The possible contribution of monopsonistic job market models to the explanation of the gender-based payment gap (Gender Pay Gap is at the center of Boris Hirsch’s dissertation. According to the theories of the regional and the dynamic monopson, companies are able to pay women lower wages because their labor supply on the company level is less flexible and because they have to accept higher losses in the case of a job change. The companies’ abuse of the monopsonistic power and the discrimination, which can be explained with the Robinson approach, lead to unequal wages between men and women. Hirsch’s theoretical hypotheses are validated empirically for the German employment market; with them, at least a third of the Gender Pay Gap can be explained.

  4. Third IAEA nuclear accident intercomparison experiment

    The purpose of this report is to present the results of the International Atomic Energy Agency intercomparison experiments held at the 'Boris Kidric' Institute, Vinca, in May 1973. The experiments are parts of a multilaboratory intercomparison programme sponsored by the IAEA for the evaluation of nuclear accident dosimetry systems and eventually recommendation of dosimetry systems that will provide adequate informations in the event of a criticality accident. The previous two studies were held at the Valduc Centre near Dijon (France) in June 1970 and at the ORNL in Oak Ridge (USA), in May 1971. Parts of the intercomparison studies were coordination meetings. The topics and conclusions of the Third coordination meeting are given in the Chairman's Report of F.F. Haywood. This paper will deal, therefore, only with data concerning the Third intercomparison experiments in which the RB reactor at Vinca was used as a source of mixed radiation. (author)

  5. NET IBK Computer code package for the needs of planning, construction and operation of nuclear power plants

    Within the Nuclear Engineering Laboratory of the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences (NET IBK) a systematic work has been performed on collecting nuclear data for reactor calculation needs, on developing own methods and computing programs for reactor calculations, as well as on adapting and applying the foreign methods and codes. In this way a complete library of computer programs was formed for precise prediction of nuclear fuel burnup and depletion, for evaluation of the Power distribution variations with irradiation, for computing the amount of produced plutonium and its number densities etc. Programs for evaluation of location of different types of safety and economic analysis have been developed as well. The aim of this paper is to present our abilities to perform complex computations needed for planning, constructing and operating the nuclear power plants, by describing the NET IBK computer programs package. (author)

  6. The Difficult Unity of the Mediterranean in the Works and Expeditions of Bory de Saint-Vincent (1778-1846

    Cañete, Carlos


    Full Text Available For a long time consigned to oblivion, the figure of the soldier and naturalist Bory de Saint-Vincent has been during recent years the subject of a renewed but timid interest. This recovery is justified especially for his role as leader of the French missions in the Morea and Algeria, which replicated the military-scientific model that started in Egypt. Indeed, this leadership and the works of anthropology or botany that he produced as a result are now considered key elements in the process of construction of a modern unitary representation of the Mediterranean. These recent contributions, however, often do not consider other of his works that offer a much more complex and contradictory image of his thought. This article offers a review of recent interpretation by giving examples of his works on the Iberian Peninsula and the Canary Islands. It aims to show his representation of the Mediterranean not as a homogeneous and linear process but as the result of an ambivalent approach that led to both a unitary image and a simultaneous internal differentiation of the region.

    Durante largo tiempo relegada al olvido, la figura del militar y naturalista Bory de Saint-Vincent ha sido en los últimos años objeto de un renovado aunque tímido interés. Esta recuperación se justifica especialmente por su papel como líder de las misiones francesas en Morea y Argelia, que reprodujeron el modelo de expedición científico-militar planteado en Egipto. Precisamente, este liderazgo y los trabajos de antropología o botánica que él mismo llevó a cabo en dichas misiones se consideran actualmente como elementos fundamentales en el proceso de construcción de una moderna representación unitaria del Mediterráneo. Estas aportaciones recientes, sin embargo, no suelen considerar otros trabajos del militar-naturalista que ofrecen una imagen mucho más compleja y contradictoria de su pensamiento. En este artículo se ofrece una revisión de la reciente


    Anna A. Skoropadskaya


    Full Text Available The article studies the image of  the  garden in  the  novel “Doctor Zhivago” that demonstrates the infl uence of  the Ancient and Christian cultures on  Boris Pasternak’s artistic and philosophical views. In  classical literary tradition the  garden served as  a  mythological and idyllic locus of happy life. In Christianity the most signifi cant milestones of the biblical history are associated with the garden — the Garden of Eden and the Garden of Gethsemane. In Russian literature the garden plays an important role too, beginning from the era of baroque and classicism and ending with symbolism. Pasternak undoubtedly considers all these earlier traditions, and in his novel “Doctor Zhivago” the garden, comprising the natural and cultural meanings, becomes a symbolic embodiment of history, creativity and faith.

  8. Aspectos da reprodução e dinâmica populacional de Chione pubera (Bory Saint-Vicent) (Bivalvia, Veneridae) no sul do Brasil General features of the reproduction and population dynamics of Chione pubera (Bory Saint-Vicent) (Bivalvia, Veneridae) in South Brazil

    Carlos Alberto Borzone; Kelly Midori Vargas; Paulo Ricardo Pezzuto; Yara Aparecida Garcia Tavares


    Material collected with a 2-meter wide beam trawl during eight surveys conducted from December 1995 to February 1997 was used for a first preliminary description of the reproduction and population dynamics of the edible venerid bivalve Chione pubera (Bory Saint-Vicent, 1827). Greatest catches were found between 30 to 35 meters depth, on fine sandy bottoms with a mud content lower than 10%. Dry weight meat condition index showed highest values during autumn and lowest values from winter to sum...

  9. Images of the Russian Saint Dukes Vladimir, Boris and Gleb in the Russian Art of the XVII Century (Monumental Painting Case Study

    Natalia M. Abramenko


    Full Text Available The article discusses the images of St. Princes Vladimir, Boris and Gleb in the monumental painting of the XVII century, considers the interpretation of their figure in the movement of the historical situation and spiritual thoughts of this epoch. There are some topics in the iconography of the saints princes of that time: the theme of the Byzantine heritage; of the Old Testament antitypes; and of the dynastic continuity and strengthening of the new Romanov dynasty by emphasizing their relationship with the Holy princes, founders of the house of Rurik.

  10. 鲍里斯·查哈洛夫音乐美学思想探析%The Exploration of Boris Zakharov's Music Aesthetics Ideology



    鲍里斯·查哈洛夫是俄罗斯钢琴艺术学派传人,20世纪20年代末期起在上海音乐学院任教,将西方优秀的钢琴教育理论体系和方法带到中国,发现美、表达美、传播美,对中国的钢琴艺术发展起到了积极的引导和推动作用。%Boris Zakharov (1888-1943) is a descendant of the Russian piano art. He taught at the Shanghai conservatory of music in 1920 s, including the western excellent piano education theory system and methods, and finding and expressing beauty. For the development of Chinese piano art it has played a positive guiding and promoting role.

  11. U-Pb dating on zircons for the la Borie eclogite (Haut-Allier, France) and consequences for the pre-Variscan evolution of the Western Europe

    A crystallization age of 432sub(-10)+20Ma has been determined for the 'La Borie' eclogite (Haut-Allier, France), by U-Pb dating on zircons. This age is yielded by the upper intercept with the Concordia curve. In agreement with recent dates obtained in the southern part of the Massif Central, in Brittany and in Vendee, these data indicate that the high-pressure/high-temperature-metamorphic phase representative of the pre-Variscan evolution of the western Europe, took place at the Silurian/Ordovician boundary. This high-pressure/high-temperature metamorphism could be significant of subduction processes more or less synchronous, preceeding the main continental collision responsible of the Variscan belt. (s.s.). (orig.)

  12. Une lecture du concept d’« étranger » dans le roman L’Écume des jours de Boris Vian

    Ana Isabel Moniz


    Full Text Available In this paper it is our goal to ap-proach L'Ecume des jours by Boris Vian. Along the way of life which the author suggests to the reader there is an underlying rejection of values, in particular with regards to religion, work, old age and death. Perhaps this is an indicator of discontent in the way the author perceives society and, in particular, in relation to literature and criticism of the period it portrays. It is this kind of reading of the subversive questioning of the world, loaded with huge satirical and absurd underpinnings, that we try to associate with the perception of the individual who, after all, feels like a stranger in the world he lives.

  13. Uvidet heruvima / Boris Bernstein

    Bernštein, Boriss, 1924-


    Inglite kujundi loomisest euroopalike traditsioonide baasil. Inglite kujutamine Euroopa kunstis. Vaadeldud Jean Fouquet, Benozzo Gozzoli, Raffaeli, Luigi Bernini, Aleksandr Ivanovi, Alek Rapoporti töid

  14. Vremja Dostojevskogo / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Dostojevski kangelased Eesti teatrilaval: "Onu unenägu" Vene Teatris (lavastaja Mihhail Tshumatshenko), Matthias Andersoni "Kuritöö, kodutööd, karistus, raha, pensionäri tapmine" Teises Teatris (lavastajad Erki Aule ja Artjom Garejev), Eesti - Läti - Leedu vene teatrite koostööprojekt "Vene naer" (lavastaja Roman Kozak), "Sortsid" Eesti Draamateatris (lavastaja Hendrik Toompere jun.), "Krokodill" Vana Baskini Teatris (lavastaja Mark Rozovski)

  15. Arhitektura budushtshego / Boris Borissov

    Borissov, Boris


    Digitaalkunsti konkurss NVArt Challenge. 2008. a. teemaks oli "Art Space :Architecture and Landscape". Esikoha sai Marek Staszek Poolast projektiga "Complex at the Centre of the Universe". 2 värvilist ill

  16. Teatralnaja paraolimpiada / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    10.-13. sept. Riias toimunud Baltimaade neljandast rahvusvahelisest teatrifestivalist Balti teatrisügis "Vaade" (Vzgljad). Eestit esindasid kaks lavastust - Jaan Unduski "Boulgakoff" (Eesti Draamateater, lavastaja Margus Kasterpalu) ja Mart Kivastiku "Kangelane" (Endla, lavastaja Kalju Komissarov). Ka Leedu Noorooteatri lavastusest "Patrioot", lavastaja Ionas Vaitkus

  17. Mitrohhini arhiiv / Boris Merilain

    Merilain, Boris


    KGB ohvitserist Vassili Mitrohhinist (1922-2004), tema arhiividest ja nende kohta ilmunud raamatutest: Andrew, Christopher. Mitrohhini arhiiv. [I], KGB Euroopas ja mujal läänemaailmas. Tallinn : Sinisukk, 2002 ; Andrew, Christopher. Mitrohhini arhiiv. II, KGB ja maailm. Tallinn : Sinisukk, 2007

  18. Politkorrektnoje bezumije / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Kahest sõjafilmist kinoekraanil : Andrei Kontšalovski "Hullumaja" ("Dom durakov") : Venemaa - Prantsusmaa 2001 ja Bosnia-Hertsegoviina-Prantsusmaa-Itaalia-Belgia-Suurbritannia-Sloveenia mängufilm "Eikellegimaa" ("No Man's Land") : režissöör Danis Tanovic : 2001

  19. Territorija kino / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    VIII Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali filmidest : Joel Schumacher "Ooperifantoom", Kim Ki-duk "Tühi maja", Matthew Vaughn "Kihiline kook", Marco Bellocchio "Tere hommikust, öö", Oliver Hirschbiegel "Allakäik", Dmitri Meshijev "Omad"

  20. The early internationalization of safety culture: The impact of Yugoslavia's Vinca reactor accident of 1958

    The radiation exposure accident in October 1958 at the experimental zero-power reactor of the Boris Kidric Institute in Vinca, Yugoslavia, presented one of the first opportunities for the newly-created International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to oversee multinational cooperation in radiological safety analysis and dose reconstruction. IAEA involvement developed from initiatives by the U.S. State Department and U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in the post-accident period, including an offer by U.S. AEC to exchange U.S. radiation exposure case histories for information on the doses received by and the bioeffects exhibited by the technicians exposed during the Vinca incident. U.S. intelligence sources estimated that the dose equivalents received ranged between 6-8 Sv; official Yugoslavian estimates put the average dose equivalent at 6.8 Sv. Through an agreement between the Yugoslav Federal Nuclear Commission and IAEA, U.S. AEC's Oak Ridge Health Physics Division personnel were given access to the Vinca reactor in early 1960. A gamma and neutron dose reconstruction experiment, featuring anthropomorphic phantoms with approximately tissue-equivalent liquid and an array of internal detectors for neutron dose measurements, was conducted at the Kidric Institute. The reconstruction project's dose calculations were compared with the estimates developed by French scientists based upon clinical observation of the Vinca technicians. This dose reconstruction study was evaluated simultaneously with studies of the June 1958 Y-12 accident and the January 1960 SLA accident. Studies of these incidents provoked an intensive U.S. AEC re-evaluation of reactor safety engineering and operations which had important ramifications for IAEA's international standards for operational safety and radiological risk assessment

  1. Vivre et écrire dans l’odeur de la mort (“L’Afrique au-delà du miroir” et “Murambi, le livre des ossements” de Boubacar Boris Diop

    Liana Nissim


    Full Text Available The essay provides an analysis of the emotional and intellectual experience lived by the Senegalese novestist Boubacar Boris Diop in Rwanda in 1998, when he, among other writers, was involved in the initiative "écrire par devoir de mémoire", an initiative aiming at reflecting upon the terrible events of the 1994 genocide.In his collection of essays, L'Afrique au-delà du miroir, Boubacar Boris Diop offers an intense reflection upon this experience which also iaugurated for him a new conception of history and a new notion of literary writing. As a testimony of this change, the novel Murambi, le livre des ossements reads like a funerary monument to celebrate the memory of the hundreds of thousands of Tutsi people  massacred during the genocide. 

  2. Optimum conditions for growth in liquid medium of Oscillatoria formosa Bory used as the principal food in laboratory culture of intermediate hosts for schistosomosis and fasciolosis

    Ferreira Filipa M.


    Full Text Available The rearing of snails, intermediate hosts of Schistosoma haematobium, S. intercalatum, S. bovis and Fasciola hepatica is the first step to maintain the life cycle of these parasites in laboratory in order to have biological material for the different studies, namely on the systematic biology and immunodiagnostic of schistosomosis and fasciolosis. According to the traditional method, the alga Oscillatoria formosa Bory (Cyanobacteria, principal food source for the snails, was cultivated in soil extract (Sampaio Xavier et al., 1968. However, it was sometimes very difficult to find the proper soil extract and the material was also contaminated by protozoa and fungi. In our work, using a new medium having as a base the Mineral Medium II (modified from Hughes et al., 1958 we found that O. formosa had a better growth response than in the soil extract medium. Snails fed on O. formosa reached three times the size of others at the same age, and they also reached sex maturity earlier, having more egg-masses per snail and, in addition, the rate of survival as well as the number of generations per year under laboratory conditions significantly increased. This culture was also easier to perform, and the axenic conditions easier to maintain.

  3. Unbundling Institutions

    Daron Acemoglu; Simon Johnson


    This paper evaluates the importance of property rights institutions', which protect citizens against expropriation by the government and powerful elites, and contracting institutions', which enable private contracts between citizens. We exploit exogenous variation in both types of institutions driven by colonial history, and document strong first-stage relationships between property rights institutions and the determinants of European colonization (settler mortality and population density bef...

  4. Institutional advantage

    Martin, Xavier


    Is there such a thing as institutional advantage—and what does it mean for the study of corporate competitive advantage? In this article, I develop the concept of institutional competitive advantage, as distinct from plain competitive advantage and from comparative institutional advantage. I first i

  5. Confucius Institute


    @@ Confucius Institute(simplified Chinese:孔子学院;traditional Chinese:孔子學院;pinyin:kǒngzǐ xuéyuàn)is a non-profit public institute which aims at promoting Chinese language and culture and supporting local Chinese teaching internationally through affiliated Confucius Institutes.

  6. Från Boris Godunov till Gustav II Adolf : översättaren Hans Flörich i tsarens och svenska kronans tjänst

    Maier, Ingrid; Droste, Heiko


    From Boris Godunov to Gustav II Adolf: the Translator Hans Flörich in the Service of the Tsar and the Swedish Crown Hans Flörich (about 1577–1632) can claim the honour of having been the “first Swedish slavist” in the sense that he was the first person who made a written translation into Russian (partly into Church Slavonic) that appeared in print. He was the translator of Luther's small catechism, printed in Stockholm in 1628 and still preserved in seven complete copies (and some fragments)....

  7. Institutional upbringing

    Gulløv, Eva


    agents, empowered with the legitimate right to define and control normality and proper ways of behaving oneself. I aim to show how institutions come to define the normal child and proper childhood in accordance with current efforts toward reinventing national culture, exemplified by legislation requiring......In the chapter, I discuss the role day care institutions play in the construction of the idea of proper childhood in Denmark. Drawing on findings from research on ethnic minority children in two Danish day care institutions, I begin with a discussion of how childcare institutions act as civilising...

  8. Institutional Economics.

    Samuels, Warren J.


    Institutional economics remains a viable alternative approach to economics. It stresses power, technology, and a holistic and evolutionary approach while critiquing the neoclassical approach. General features of institutional economics are examined, and the work of institutionalists in specific areas is discussed. (RM)

  9. CSCAPES Institute

    Alex Pothen


    We report on the progress made by researchers of the CSCAPES Institute at Old Dominion University for the years 2007 and 2008 in the areas of research, software creation, education and training, and outreach activities.

  10. Institutional Ethnography

    Lund, Rebecca; Tienari, Janne


    managerial respondents. This leads to another bias in the study of M&As: an managerial one. These critiques are an important step in pinpointing some of the problematic aspects in the field, which we suggest can be part remedied by institutional ethnography developed by Dorothy Smith and her colleagues. In...... institutional ethnography the notion of objectification is applied to describe research processes like those that have been found to dominate in scholarly work on M&As. In this chapter, we offer an outline of Smiths critique of objectification, elucidate how institutional ethnography seeks to address it, and...... point to some of the problems in M&A studies identified through this lens. Finally, we argue why institutional ethnography, in comparison with other methods of inquiry, is particularly fruitful in the study of mergers and acquisitions....

  11. Institutional Investors

    Birkmose, Hanne Søndergaard; Strand, Therese

    Research Question/Issue: Institutional investors are facing increased pressure and threats of legislation from the European Union to abandon passive ownership strategies. This study investigates the prerequisites for – and potential dissimilarities in the practice of, active ownership among...... institutional investors in two Scandinavian countries with diminutive legal and cultural distance in general. Research Findings/Insights: Using data on shareholder proposals from Danish and Swedish annual general meetings from 2006 throughout 2010, we find that institutional investors are approximately a....... Practitioner/Policy Implications: Regulators should be aware of the impact by local governance mechanisms, and how shareholders react under different legal and practical prerequisites. The paper also highlights legal elements that differ between Denmark and Sweden, and which might affect institutional activism....

  12. Institutional economics

    Rossiaud, Sylvain; Locatelli, Catherine


    The discipline of institutional economics has gained increasing prominence in recent years, because standard economic explanations can often not come to grips with major contemporary policy issues, such as economic reform in affluent, but dysfunctional economies, the transformation of the failed socialist command economies and the governance problems of the new industrial economies. Institutional economists point out that rule systems matter greatly to explaining these problems and that insti...

  13. Retsmedicinsk Institut

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Gregersen, Markil Ebbe Gregers


    Retsmedicinsk Institut hører under Aarhus Universitet og har pligt til at undervise og forske, men adskiller sig fra andre institutter ved at have en omfattende virksomhed med rekvireret arbejde, idet Statsobducenturet for Nørrejylland er henlagt til instituttet. Professoren, som også er statsobd......Retsmedicinsk Institut hører under Aarhus Universitet og har pligt til at undervise og forske, men adskiller sig fra andre institutter ved at have en omfattende virksomhed med rekvireret arbejde, idet Statsobducenturet for Nørrejylland er henlagt til instituttet. Professoren, som også er...... institut. De bygningsmæssige forhold er utidssvarende og medfører arbejdsmæssige og retssikkerhedsmæssige problemer, En snarlig udflytning er derfor nødvendig....

  14. Unimagined Institutions

    Zangenberg, Mikkel Bruun


    In this paper it is argued that war contains inherent and thus necessary aesthetic traits (ranging from sensory data to narrative features), but that existing research institutions throughout the West have failed to address this issue adequately, in terms of research policy, recruitment and...... methodology. Accordingly, it is suggested that scholars from the humanities in particular aggressively seek to develop new types of research institutions and methods in order to deal with the manifold forms of overlap between warfare and aesthetics. In empirical terms, focus is limited to the current...

  15. Institution Morphisms

    Goguen, Joseph; Rosu, Grigore; Norvig, Peter (Technical Monitor)


    Institutions formalize the intuitive notion of logical system, including both syntax and semantics. A surprising number of different notions of morphisim have been suggested for forming categories with institutions as objects, and a surprising variety of names have been proposed for them. One goal of this paper is to suggest a terminology that is both uniform and informative to replace the current rather chaotic nomenclature. Another goal is to investigate the properties and interrelations of these notions. Following brief expositions of indexed categories, twisted relations, and Kan extensions, we demonstrate and then exploit the duality between institution morphisms in the original sense of Goguen and Burstall, and the 'plain maps' of Meseguer, obtaining simple uniform proofs of completeness and cocompleteness for both resulting categories; because of this duality, we prefer the name 'comorphism' over 'plain map.' We next consider 'theoroidal' morphisms and comorphisims, which generalize signatures to theories, finding that the 'maps' of Meseguer are theoroidal comorphisms, while theoroidal morphisms are a new concept. We then introduce 'forward' and 'semi-natural' morphisms, and appendices discuss institutions for hidden algebra, universal algebra, partial equational logic, and a variant of order sorted algebra supporting partiality.

  16. Measurements of low reactivities using a reactor oscillator

    Most of the methods of measuring reactivity are limited to the region from several hundreds to several thousands of pcm. The present work develops a method of measuring low reactivities from several pcm to about 600 pcm using the ROB-1 reactor oscillator on the RB reactor of the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences at Vinca. The accuracy of measurement is better than 1%. Several methods are used to measure low reactivities. The most often used is the method based on measuring the stable reactor period. The bottom limit of this method is about 30 porn /1,2/. For control rod calibration the method of rod oscillation is used /3,4/. This method is confronted with considerable influence of space effects /5/. Reference /6/ reports on a method for measuring the reactivity coefficient at a critical level in liquid-moderated reactors. The method is based on measuring reactor response to the oscillation of the moderator about the critical level. The present work reports on a method of determining the reactivity by measuring the phase shift between the perturbation of the effective multiplication factor and reactor response. With the use of the ROB-1 reactor oscillator, the method allows measurement of the reactivity from several pcm to about 600 pcm with an accuracy of 1% (author)

  17. Comparative examinations of sup(99m)Tc-DMS preparations obtained by labelling dimercaptosuccinate kits with different formulations. Pt. 1

    The chemical and biological properties of two freeze-dried DMS kits for labelling with sup(99m)Tc(TcP-5, manufactured by Boris Kidric Institute, Vinca, and TCK-12, by CIS, Saclay) were compared. A method for the determination of the radiochemical composition of the injection solution is proposed: ascending Whatman 31 paper chromatography in 50% aqueous methanol. The chromatographic results correspond to the biologic activity of the preparations. The biodynamics of both radiopharmaceuticals were determined at intervals in rats. Maximum renal concentrations were achieved at 3-4 hrs post injection (52% kidney and 3% liver uptake for TcP-5; 59% kidney and 6-8% liver uptake for TCK-12). The bench-lifes of the injection solutions were compared by determining organ distribution after standing of the solutions for 0,2 and 4 hrs. The TcP-5 preparation was more stable, since the renal and hepatic concentrations were nearly constant. On the other hand, the hepatic concentration of TCK-12 was increasing during aging of the solutions with a simultaneous decrease in renal concentration. (orig.)

  18. HERBE final safety report

    The Final safety report of HERBE system constructed at the RB reactor consists of 13 chapters, as follows. Chapter 0 includes a summary and the contents of the Final safety report, fundamental characteristics of the system and conclusion remarks, with the license agreement of the Safety Committee of the Boris Kidric Institute. Chapter 1 describes and analyzes the site of the HERBE system, including demography, topography, meteorology, hydrology, geology, seismicity, ecology. Chapter 3 covers technical characteristics of the system, Chapter 4 deals with safety analysis, Chapter 5 describes organisation of construction and preliminary operational testing of the system. Chapter 6 deals with organisation and program of test and regular operation, relevant procedures. Chapter 7 defines operational conditions and constraints, Chapter 8 and describe methods and means of radiation protection and radioactive materials management respectively. Chapter 10 contains a review of emergency plans, measures and procedures for nuclear accident protection. Chapters 11 and 12 are concerned with quality assurance program and physical protection of the HERBE system and related nuclear material

  19. Experimental verification of methods and codes used in design studies of new reactor concepts and improved in-core fuel management schemes

    The paper gives a short description of the zero power heavy water research reactor RB at the Nuclear Engineering Department of the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences in Vinca. It describes shortly different experiments and different modifications performed on this facility during the last two decades. In particular, it concentrates on the possibility of using this reactor to verify experimentally methods and codes used in design studies new reactor concepts and improved in-core fuel management schemes. When calculating axially inhomogeneous reactor core, for example, procedures for determining reactor lattice cell parameters and overall reactor parameters can be combined in different ways. Since it was possible to simulate such an axially inhomogeneous core on the RB reactor, experimental verification of different calculational models has been performed, Suggestions, given as the conclusion of these experiments, refer not only to the situation when axial inhomogeneity originates from different initial composition of a reactor core, but also to the most common situation when the axial inhomogeneity is caused oy nonuniform depletion during reactor operation. Finally, the paper points out a number of other interesting and useful experiments which can be performed on the zero power reactor RB and indicates its potential use in international cooperative programs. (author)

  20. Market institutions

    Chowdhury, Shyamal; Negassa, Asfaw; Torero, Maximo


    This paper examines how market institutions can affect links between urban and rural areas with specific emphasis on goods market integration in the national context.Traditionally, development researchers and practitioners have focused either on rural market development or on urban market development without considering the interdependencies and synergies between the two. However, more than ever before, emerging local and global patterns such as the modern food value-chain led by supermarkets...




    Successful development policy entails an understanding of the dynamics of economic change if the policies pursued are to have the desired consequences. And a dynamic model of economic change entails as an integral part of that model analysis of the polity since it is the polity that specifies and enforces the formal rules. While we are still some distance from having such a model the structure that is evolving in the new institutional economics, even though incomplete, suggests radically diff...

  2. Measuring institutions

    Farayi Gwenhamo; Johannes W. Fedderke; Raphael de Kadt


    This article presents a new dataset of indicators of political freedom, property rights and political instability for Zimbabwe for the period 1946 to 2005. The dataset is constructed by systematically coding the three concepts of political freedom, property rights and political instability along a multitude of dimensions. The lengthy time coverage of the dataset allows country-specific econometric analysis to evaluate generalizing propositions about the effects of political institutions on ec...

  3. Boris Paschke, Particularism and Universalism in the Sermon on the Mount. A Narrative-Critical Analysis of Matthew 5–7 in the Light of Matthew’s View on Mission

    Fricker, Denis


    L’évangile de Matthieu conclut sur l’envoi des disciples vers les nations (Mt 28,19) et ouvre ainsi à la dimension d’une mission universelle. Certains passages du même évangile semblent pourtant restreindre l’offre du salut au seul peuple d’Israël (Mt 10,5‑6 ; 15,24). L’étude de cette tension entre particularisme et universalisme forme une des difficultés de la recherche exégétique sur Mt, comme l’illustre l’état de la question établi par Boris Paschke au début de la publication de sa thèse d...

  4. Retour sur "Internet : changer l’espace, changer la société," de Boris Beaude (2012), à l’occasion de la parution récente de son nouvel essai : "Les fins d’Internet".

    Beauchamps, Margot


    À l'occasion de la parution aux éditions Fyp des "Fins d'Internet", de Boris Beaude, "Terminal" revient sur son premier ouvrage, "Internet. Changer l'espace, changer la société", publié en 2012, également chez Fyp. Alors que ce premier ouvrage s'attachait à montrer la radicalité des transformations spatiales et sociales engagées avec l'essor d'Internet, Les fins d'Internet sonne comme un cri d'alarme face aux dangers qui pèsent sur la capacité d'Internet à répondre aux espoirs que sa diffusio...

  5. Boris Plotnikov, litsedei milostju bozhei / Boris Plotnikov ; interv. Nikolai Karajev

    Plotnikov, Boris


    Näitleja, kes mängis Sobakevitshit Nikolai Gogoli "Surnud hingede" järgi loodud Mindaugas Karbauskise lavastuses "Rännak", Moskva Oleg Tabakovi stuudioteater. Ka teistest näitleja rollidest. (Teatrifestival "Kuldne Mask Eestis 2006", 14.-19. nov.)

  6. Depressivnost diktujet kinomodu / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    PÖFFi filme - Cristian Mungiu mängufilm "4 kuud, 3 nädalat, 2 päeva" ("4 luni, 3 saptamani, 2 zile") : Rumeenia 2007. Võrdlus ka Eesti olude ja rahvusvahelistel festivalidel edukate Eesti filmidega

  7. Znakomoje i nezhdannoje / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    F. Sagani "Valentine'i sirelililla kleit" (lav. Ivo Eensalu) Eesti Draamateatris, Ivan Krõlovi "Õppetund tütardele" (lav. Svetlana Krassman)Vene Draamateatris ja William Shakespeare'i "Henry V" (lav. Rein Agur) VAT Teatris

  8. Poslevkussije "Zolotoi maski" / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Teatrifestivalil "Kuldne Mask Eestis 2006" (14.-19. nov.) : Nikolai Gogoli "Surnud hingede" järgi Mindaugas Karbauskise lavastusest "Rännak", Moskva Oleg Tabakovi stuudioteater; Mihhail Bulgakovi "Valge kaardivägi" ("Turbinite päevad"), lavastaja Sergei Zhenovatsh, Moskva Kunstiteater j.t. festivalilavastused

  9. V zerkalah "Oskara" / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Kuidas ja miks juhtus, et 78. Ameerika Filmiakadeemia Oscari-tseremoonial kuulutati parimaks filmiks Paul Haggise "Kokkupõrge" ("Crash") seni üldiselt favoriidiks peetud Ang Lee "Brokebacki mäe" ("Brokeback Mountain") asemel. Poliitiliselt korrektsetest valikutest ka teistes kategooriates. Stalini kujutamisest vene viimase aja seriaalides. Lisana täielik Oscari-võitjate nimekiri

  10. Võiti za porog / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    G. Burke "Gagarini puiestee", lavastaja I. Vihmar, Vanalinnastuudio esietendus Zelluloosi vabaajakeskuses; D. Kareva luulekogul "Mandragora" põhinev Tallinna Linnateatri etendus Hobuveskis, lavastaja J. Rohumaa

  11. Alternativa nomer 99 / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Teatri NO99 ajaloost ja lavastustest - Tiit Ojasoo "Nafta", "Kuningas Ubu", "GEP", "Seitse samuraid","Perikles"ja Sebastian Hartmani lavastus "Stalker" Andrei Tarkovski filmi põhjal ning Hendrik Toompere "Kommunisti surm". Ka Tiit Ojasoo lavastusest "Julia" Shakespeare'i ainetel Eesti Draamateatris

  12. Eva manipulirujet Adamom / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    11. veebr. Drugoi Teatris esietendunud Neil LaBute'i näidendist "Tshto potshjom" ("The shape of things"), lavastaja Johann Bott (Prantsusmaa). Osades Andrei Perovitsh, Jekaterina Nikolajeva, Zaven Ioannesjan ja Anastassija Solovjova

  13. Pjat pudov ljubvi / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Tennessee Williamsi "Iguaani öö" (lavastaja Urmas Lennuk) ja Olga Muhhina "Tanja-Tanja" (lavastaja Kalju Komissarov) Rakvere Teatris, Jaan Tätte "Sild" (lavastaja Jaanus Rohumaa) Tallinna Linnateatris

  14. Illjuzii zimnei notshi / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    "Talveöö festival 2006" - "Söör Vantes. Donki Hot", lavastaja Dmitri Krõmov. Ka Ghana tantsuansambli Kusum Gboo tantsuetendus "Somu", jaapanlase Issei Ogata monoetendus "Linnaelu kataloog" ja islandi "Saja-aastane maja" Fru Emilia Teatri esituses

  15. Linnateater - 16 nimetust / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Tallinna Linnateatri viimase kümne aasta lavastustest ja lavastajatest - Elmo Nüganen, Jaanus Rohumaa, Mart Koldits, Eva Klemets ja külalislavastajast Adolf Shapirost. Pikemalt peatutakse lavastustel "Pianoola ehk Mehhaaniline klaver", "Tõde ja õigus. Teine osa", Tshapajev ja Pustota", "Et keegi mind valvaks"

  16. Odin, bez angelov / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali raames näidatakse rootslase Lukas Moodyssoni põhiliselt Paldiskis filmitud mängufilmi "Lilja 4-ever", kus episoodilistes osades on mitmeid Eesti näitlejaid, põhiliselt Tallinna Vene Draamateatrist

  17. Institute news


    Joining the team A new member of staff has recently joined the Institute of Physics Education Department (Schools and Colleges) team. (Dr) Steven Chapman will have managerial responsibility for physics education issues in the 11 - 16 age range, particularly on the policy side. He will work closely with Mary Wood, who spends much of her time out and about doing the practical things to support physics education pre-16. Catherine Wilson will be spending more of her time working to support the Post-16 Physics Initiative but retains overall responsibility for the department. Steven graduated in Physics and Astronomy and then went on to do his doctorate at Sussex University. He stayed in the research field for a while, including a period at NPL. Then, having decided to train as a teacher, he taught for the last five years, most recently at a brand new school in Sutton where he was Head of Physics. Physics update Dates for `Physics Update' courses in 2000, intended for practising science teachers, are as follows: 1 - 3 April: Malvern College 9 - 10 June: Stirling University 8 - 10 July: York University 8 - 10 December: Oxford University The deadline for applications for the course to be held on 11 - 13 December 1999 at the School of Physics, Exeter University, is 12 November, so any late enquiries should be sent to Leila Solomon at The Institute of Physics, 76 Portland Place, London W1N 3DH (tel: 020 7470 4821) right away. Name that teacher! Late nominations are still welcome for the Teachers of Physics/Teachers of Primary Science awards for the year 2000. Closing date for nominations is `the last week in November'. Further details can be obtained from Catherine Wilson or Barbara Hill in the Institute's Education Department. Forward and back! The Education Group's one-day meeting on 13 November is accepting bookings until almost the last minute, so don't delay your application! The day is entitled `Post-16 physics: Looking forward, learning from the past' and it aims to

  18. Highly siderophile element geochemistry of peridotites and pyroxenites from Horní Bory, Bohemian Massif: Implications for HSE behaviour in subduction-related upper mantle

    Ackerman, Lukáš; Pitcher, L.; Strnad, L.; Puchtel, I. S.; Jelínek, E.; Walker, R. J.; Rohovec, Jan


    Roč. 100, č. 1 (2013), s. 158-175. ISSN 0016-7037 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB300130902 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30130516 Institutional support: RVO:67985831 Keywords : alloy * high pressure * high temperature * igneous geochemistry * isotopic composition * mass balance * nappe * osmium isotope * peridotite * petrography * platinum group element * precipitation (chemistry) * pyroxenite * siderophile element * subduction * sulfide * upper mantle Subject RIV: DD - Geochemistry Impact factor: 4.250, year: 2013

  19. Identity of Institution and Institutional Design

    F. Bahar Ülker Kaya


    Corporate identity is planning and reşecting memorable, personal, characteristic pecularities of an institution and the ability that separates it from others. Corporate identity is in interaction with the corporate culture and corporate image. It is an entity formed by the philosophy of the institution, institutional communication, behavior and planning. Institutional planning formed by the planning of production and communication and architectural/ interior architectural planning, is the mos...

  20. Entrepreneurs, institutional entrepreneurship and institutional change

    Koene, B.A.S.; Ansari, S.M.


    The intersection of entrepreneurship research and institutional theory has begun to attract increasing scholarly attention. While much recent research has studied "institutional entrepreneurs" credited with creating new or transforming existing institutions to support their projects, less attention has been paid to the institutions that constitute the menus from which choices are made, and delineate resources for entrepreneurial or other agentic activities. While models of institutionalizatio...

  1. Institutional Priority for Diversity at Christian Institutions

    Paredes-Collins, Kristin


    This evaluative study explored the relationship between institutional priority for diversity and minority enrollment at four schools within the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, a consortium of Christian institutions. This institutional evaluation utilized public resources in order to gather descriptive data on minority enrollment…

  2. Institute Study Report

    Whitaker, Ann; Steadman, Jackie; Little, Sally; Underwood, Debra; Blackman, Mack; Simonds, Judy


    This report documents a study conducted by the MSFC working group on Institutes in 1995 on the structure, organization and business arrangements of Institutes at a time when the agency was considering establishing science institutes. Thirteen institutes, ten science centers associated with the state of Georgia, Stanford Research Institute (SRI), and IIT Research Institute (IITRI), and general data on failed institutes were utilized to form this report. The report covers the working group's findings on institute mission, structure, director, board of directors/advisors, the working environment, research arrangements, intellectual property rights, business management, institute funding, and metrics.

  3. Identity of Institution and Institutional Design

    F. Bahar Ülker Kaya


    Full Text Available Corporate identity is planning and reşecting memorable, personal, characteristic pecularities of an institution and the ability that separates it from others. Corporate identity is in interaction with the corporate culture and corporate image. It is an entity formed by the philosophy of the institution, institutional communication, behavior and planning. Institutional planning formed by the planning of production and communication and architectural/ interior architectural planning, is the most significant element that constitutes the visual identity of an institution. While forming architectural and interior architectural planning of institutions, establishing places that will clearly reşect the corporate identity is gaining importance. In the perception of visual identity of institutions, planning elements such as; colour, texture, material and form are more significant than others.

  4. What are Institutional Logics

    Berg Johansen, Christina; Waldorff, Susanne Boch

    This study presents new insights into the explanatory power of the institutional logics perspective. With outset in a discussion of seminal theory texts, we identify two fundamental topics that frame institutional logics: overarching institutional orders guides by institutional logics, as well as...... change and agency generated by friction between logics. We use these topics as basis for an analysis of selected empirical papers, with the aim of understanding how institutional logics contribute to institutional theory at large, and which social matters institutional logics can and cannot explore and...

  5. Multinationals and Institutional Competitiveness

    Hull Kristensen, Peer; Morgan, Glenn

    This article discusses how institutional competitiveness and multinationals are mutually enriching concepts. Seen from the perspective of Multinationals, institutional competitiveness becomes expressed at two levels. At the level of corporate HQs institutional competitiveness proves itself by...... forming firms capable of expanding internationally. At the level of subsidiaries as providing institutional back up for these firms' abilities to fight for survival and growth within the frame of rivalling subsidiaries of the MNC. The article discusses at these two levels the comparative institutional...

  6. Elites and institutional persistence

    Robinson, James A.


    Particular sets of institutions, once they become established in a society, have a strong tendency to persist. In this paper I argue that understanding how elites form and reproduce is key to understanding the persistence of institutions over time. I illustrate this idea with a simple political economy theory of institutions and through examples from Liberia, the US, South Africa and Germany I show how elites influence institutions. To change institutions requires having an understanding of h...


    IOSIF, Gabriela


    From the point of view of Durkheim, institutions are way so facting, feeling and thinking,expressing any social act. Institution shave stringent action on the individual, have its own existence, independent of individual manifestations, which are distinctive for a given group, being accepted by all members.Types of social institutions are economic institutions, educational, political, cultural and family.Within institutions, communication is an inherent phenomenon. For Katzand Kahn "communica...

  8. Institutional Logics in Action

    Lounsbury, Michael; Boxenbaum, Eva


    This double volume presents state-of-the-art research and thinking on the dynamics of actors and institutional logics. In the introduction, we briefly sketch the roots and branches of institutional logics scholarship before turning to the new buds of research on the topic of how actors engage ins...... prolific stream of research on institutional logics by deepening our insight into the active use of institutional logics in organizational action and interaction, including the institutional effects of such (inter)actions....

  9. Operating experiences of the research reactors

    Nuclear research reactors are devices of wide importance, being used for different scientific research tasks, for testing and improving reactor systems and components, for the production of radioisotopes, for the purposes of defence, for staff training and for other purposes. There are three research reactors in Yugoslavia: RA, RB and TRIGA. Reactors RA and RB at the 'Boris Kidric' Institute of Nuclear Sciences are of heavy water type power being 6500 and 10 kW, and maximum thermal neutron flux of 1014 and 1011(n/cm2s), respectively. TRIGA reactor at the 'Jozef Stefan' Institute in Ljubljana is of 250 kW power and maximum thermal neutron flux of 1013(n/cm2s). Reactors RA and RB use soviet fuel in the form of uranium dioxide (80% enriched) and metallic uranium (2%). Besides, RB reactor operates with natural uranium too. TRIGA reactor uses american uranium fuel 70% and 20% enriched, uranium being mixed homogeneously with moderator (ZrH). Experiences in handling and controlling the fuel before irradiation in the reactor, in reactor and after it are numerous and valuable, involving either the commercial arrangements with foreign producers, or optimal burn up in reactor or fuel treatment after the reactor irradiation. Twenty years of operating experience of these reactors have great importance especially having in mind the number of trained staff. Maintenance of reactors systems and fluids in continuous operation is valuable experience from the point of view of water reactor utilization. The case of the RA reactor primary cycle cobalt decontamination and other events connected with nuclear and radiation security for all three reactors are also specially emphasized. Owing to our research reactors, numerous theoretical, numerical and experimental methods are developed for nuclear and other analyses and design of research and power reactors,as well as methods for control and protection of radiation. (author)

  10. Institut de physique et institut de chimie

    Haroche, Serge


    Au cœur de Paris et du quartier Latin Le 17 mars 2015, l'Institut de physique et l'Institut de chimie du Collège de France ont été inaugurés par le président de la République François Hollande. Dans un bâtiment entièrement rénové du Collège de France, prennent désormais place deux centres de recherche : l’Institut de physique et l’Institut de chimie. Chacun constitué de plusieurs chaires dévolues à ces disciplines, ainsi que de jeunes équipes, ils perpétuent la longue tradition de la physiq...

  11. FPG Child Development Institute

    ... Development, Teaching, and Learning The Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute will partner with Zero to Three to ... Excellent June 7, 2016 More Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute The University of North Carolina at Chapel ...

  12. Canadian institute honours Hawking

    Durrani, Matin


    The Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada, has announced that a major new extension to its campus will be known as the Stephen Hawking Centre. The extension, which is currently being built, is due to open in 2011 and will double the size of the institute. It will also provide a home for the institute's Masters students, the first of whom joined the Perimeter Institute this autumn as part of its Perimeter Scholars international programme.

  13. Do Institutions Cause Growth?


    We revisit the debate over whether political institutions cause economic growth, or whether, alternatively, growth and human capital accumulation lead to institutional improvement. We find that most indicators of institutional quality used to establish the proposition that institutions cause growth are constructed to be conceptually unsuitable for that purpose. We also find that some of the instrumental variable techniques used in the literature are flawed. Basic OLS results, as well as a var...

  14. Contracting institutions and development


    The quality of contracting institutions has been thought to be of second-order importance next to the impact that good property rights institutions can have on long- run growth. Using a large range of proxies for each type of institution, we find a robust $negative$ link between the quality of contracting institutions and long-run growth when we condition on property rights and a number of additional macroeconomic variables. Although the result remains something of a puzzle, we present eviden...

  15. Implementing Institutional Research Findings.

    Blai, Boris, Jr.

    Although many agree that institutional research in higher education has come of age and is accepted as a part of institutional management, great variations exist in the extent to which institutional research findings are synthesized and utilized in management decision-making. A number of reasons can be identified as accounting for this phenomenon,…

  16. The Vinca dosimetry experiment

    On 15 October 1958 there occurred a very brief uncontrolled run of the zero-power reactor at the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Science, Vinca, near Belgrade, Yugoslavia. During this run six persons received various doses of radiation. They were subsequently given medical treatment of a novel kind at the Curie Hospital, Paris. In atomic energy operations to date, very few accidents involving excessive radiation exposure to human beings have occurred. In fact, the cases of acute radiation injury are limited to about 30 known high exposures, few of which were in the lethal or near-lethal range. Since direct experiment to determine the effects of ionizing radiation on man is unacceptable, information on these effects has to be based on a consideration of data relating to accidental exposures, viewed in the light of the much more extensive data obtained from experiments on animals. Therefore, any direct information on the effects of radiation on humans is very valuable. The international dosimetry project described in this report was carried out at Vinca, Yugoslavia, under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency to determine the precise amount of radiation to which the persons had been exposed during the accident. These dosimetry data, together with the record of the carefully observed clinical effects, are of importance both for the scientific study of radiation effects on man and for the development of methods of therapy. The experiment and measurements were carried out at the end of April 1960. The project formed part of the Agency's research programme in the field of health and safety. The results of the experiment are made available through this report to all Member States

  17. Nuclear Reactor RA Safety Report, Vol. 1, Introduction

    Based on the agreement between governments of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and USSR of January 28 1956, a contract was signed about construction of RA research reactor in the Boris Kidric Institute of nuclear sciences. Building of the RA reactor started in 1956, and has reached criticality in 1959. Since then it has been in almost permanent operation, except for five longer shutdown periods: in 1963 because of heavy water and primary coolant system contamination with cobalt; in 1970 because of transporting the heavy water to France for isotopic regeneration; in 1979/1980 and 1983 because of aluminium oxyhydrate deposition on the fuel element cladding in reactor active region; in 1985/1986 because of ventilation system reconstruction and construction of emergency core cooling system. RA reactor is a heavy water cooled and heavy water moderated research reactor. Since the beginning of its operation, 2% enriched metal uranium fuel was used. From 1976, 80% enriched uranium oxide fuel elements were used partially in some core regions and since 1981 the complete core was filled with this highly enriched fuel. RA reactor was designed to operate under normal conditions at 6.5 MW power and at 10 MW power under forced regime. As a powerful neutron source the reactor was meant to be used for research in the field of reactor and neutron physics, solid state physics, radiation chemistry, biology and radioactive isotopes production. RA reactor was build by Yugoslav companies based on USSR basic design project. Main components of the systems were produced in USSR

  18. Mapping Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A Typology of Institutional Diversity

    Núñez, Anne-Marie; Crisp, Gloria; Elizondo, Diane


    Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs), institutions that enroll at least 25% Hispanic students, are institutionally diverse, including a much wider array of institutional types than other Minority-Serving Institutions (MSIs). Furthermore, they have distinctive institutional characteristics from those typically emphasized in institutional typologies…

  19. Healthcare Consulting: Institutional Psychotherapy?

    Craven, Nancy H.; Covvey, H. Dominic


    Health care computing consultants are often brought in to assist institutions in solving their computing problems. Not unlike the disturbed client seeking psychotherapy, the problems the institution has with the introduction of computers are symptoms of deeper problems. Consultants and institutions must learn to identify and address underlying disorders first, before attacking the computing problems, or the outcome will more likely be failure - if not in the short term, then certainly in the ...

  20. Investment and Institutions

    Yishay Yafeh; Kenichi Ueda; Stijn Claessens


    We study how financial systems and institutional environments affect investment efficiency using a sample of some 300,000 firm-years from 48 countries. Based on a canonical investment model, we identify two possible channels by which institutional environments may affect investment: firm-level financial frictions and the macro-level required rate of return. We find that a good institutional environment, in particular strong corporate governance, reduces financial frictions and lowers the requ...

  1. Developing Institutional Language Policy

    Nemira Mačianskienė


    Higher education institutions face challenges set by Bologna process, the implementation of which requires creating conditions for language learning and intercultural competence acquisition. Although higher education institutions in Lithuania maintain different and in a way promiscuous approaches to the role of HEI in the development of students‘ linguistic and intercultural competences, but a certain institutional policy with regard to language learning and teaching has inevitably been forme...

  2. Institutions, Capital, and Growth


    The international development community has encouraged investment in physical and human capital as a precursor to economic progress. Recent evidence shows, however, that increases in capital do not always lead to increases in output. We develop a growth model where the allocation and productivity of capital depends on a country's institutions. We find that increases in physical and human capital lead to output growth only in countries with good institutions. In countries with bad institutions...

  3. Creating an institutional repository

    Grozdanić, Marija; Macan, Bojan; Vodopijevec, Alen


    Institutional repository is a digital collection that capture, mantain, save, index, preserve and redistribute entire output of an institution in digital format. They adhere to open access modell and they are OAI – compliant. Building of insitutional repository is essential to the library whose mission is to provide access to wide range of information sources including open access sources and to promote them, as well. Intellectual output of the Institute might contain: pre-prints, post-...

  4. Institutions and offshoring decision

    Nicolini, Marcella


    Several papers have proven that the institutional environment of the receiving country can influence the choice to establish an FDI. Property rights theory suggests that contract enforcement matters differentially across sectors. This paper is the first attempt to test whether institutions matter differentially across different sectors in FDI decision. Using data on U.S. Direct Investment Abroad, I find that institutional characteristics of the country and the industry positively affect the v...

  5. Institutions and growth accelerations

    Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck; Jensen, Peter Sandholt


    This paper estimates the effect of institutions on economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa over the period 1995-2007. We follow Henderson, Storeygard, and Weil (American Economic Review 102(2): 994-1028, 2012) in combining Penn World Tables GDP data with satellite-based data on nightlights in order to arrive at a more accurate measure of economic growth. We find that countries with good institutions grew faster than countries with poor institutions. Using external instruments, 2SLS regressions ...

  6. Do Institutions Impact Innovation?

    Tebaldi, Edinaldo; Elmslie, Bruce


    This paper contributes to the literature on institutions and economic growth by conducting an empirical examination on the links between innovation and institutions. Using cross-country data and the instrumental variable method, this study finds that institutional arrangements explain much of the variation on patent production across countries. We find evidence that control of corruption, market-friendly policies, protection of property rights and a more effective judiciary system boost an ec...

  7. Entrepreneurship as institutional change

    Bjerregaard, Toke; Lauring, Jakob


    This paper responds to calls to make more explicit linkages between institutional theory and entrepreneurship research through studies on how entrepreneurs navigate and work with institutions. The research examines the micro-strategies and activities through which small-scale entrepreneurs maneuver...... contradictions engage simultaneously in practices of maintaining and changing institutions to establish a balance between the poles on which their ventures depend. We illustrate this by two cases of small-scale entrepreneurship bridging institutional contradictions from an ethnographic study conducted under...

  8. From Institutional Change to Experimentalist Institutions

    Hull Kristensen, Peer; Morgan, Glenn


    lead firms to constant experimentation in work organization as they seek to position themselves within systems of production and innovation that are global in nature. This creates a pressure for institutional change to facilitate the process of firm-level experimentation; it also tends to create......Institutionalist theory has shown how work and employment relations are shaped by national contexts. Recent developments in these theories have been increasingly concerned with the issue of institutional change. This reflects a shift in the nature of the competitive environment of firms from...... the stable and planned and predominantly national models of economic organization supported by the Keynesian state, which dominated in the 30 years after 1945, to the uncertain and high-risk environment of the current period in which globalization has opened up the possibility of new forms of firms...

  9. On educational institutions evaluation

    Rosa María Tafur Puente


    This article aims to provide a view on the importance of institutional evaluations in educational programs that strive for continuous improvement. Furthermore, the article analyzes the concept of evaluation, explores some quality management models, and suggests the measures required for the design and implementation of an institutional evaluation process within the organization or one of its areas.

  10. On educational institutions evaluation

    Rosa María Tafur Puente


    Full Text Available This article aims to provide a view on the importance of institutional evaluations in educational programs that strive for continuous improvement. Furthermore, the article analyzes the concept of evaluation, explores some quality management models, and suggests the measures required for the design and implementation of an institutional evaluation process within the organization or one of its areas.

  11. Budgeting and Budgetary Institutions

    Shah, Anwar


    Budgetary institutions have historically played a critical role in a gradual movement toward responsive, responsible, and accountable public governance in industrial countries. This paper includes the following headings: overview; a primer on budgeting and budgetary institutions; the budget and its coverage; capital budgets -- theory and practice; budget methods and practices; a primer on ...

  12. Engagement and Institutional Advancement

    Weerts, David; Hudson, Elizabeth


    Research suggests that institutional commitment to community engagement can be understood by examining levels of student, faculty, and community involvement in engagement; organizational structure, rewards, and campus publications supporting engagement; and compatibility of an institution's mission with this work (Holland, 1997). Underlying all of…

  13. Institutionalism "Old" and "New."

    Selznick, Philip


    Explores the new institutionalism's ethos and direction. Drawing a sharp line between old and new inhibits the contribution of institutional theory to major issues of bureaucracy and social policy. Problems of accountability and responsiveness, public and private bureaucracy, regulation and self-regulation, and management and governance will…

  14. SMEs, Institutions and Performance

    Jensen, Camilla; Low, Mei Peng


    This chapter addresses at the outset the topic of SMEs and economic development from an institutions perspective. The authors argue that the transaction cost theory is not helpful towards understanding the role that institutions play for SME performance for several reasons. Instead, they argue for...

  15. Changing institutions of knowing

    Koch, Christian; Bertelsen, Niels Haldor


    paper is to analyze enablers and barriers for this institutional change. The vocational education system in Denmark is strongly institutionalised with unions, employerÕs associations and the schools in central roles. Drawing on institutional theory contributions on labour market -, educational - and...... professional institutions, the paper presents a study of institutional work inside and across schools and craft disciplines working in SMEs involved in new building and renovation with an energy aspect. Collaboration between four education committees for carpenters, masons, electricians and plumbers and...... interviews with seven companies come to focus on competences of interdisciplinary collaboration and sustainable innovation in SME. The anticipation of future building regulation of 2015 and 2020 creates an institutional pressure in education for change including handling differentiated demands of customers...

  16. International Institutions and GHG

    Jin Jiyong


    Globalization is pushing public health crises beyond traditional national boundaries. It has also transformed international health governance into global health governance. Health security is one aspect of global public welfare. International institutions, such as the WHO, the WTO, the World Bank, and the BWC, are main providers of global public welfare for health. However, those institutions' role in global health governance is not optimized. An analysis of the shortcomings of the international institutions concerned with global heath can contribute to better global health governance. Some tentative solutions to such problems are put forward in this paper.

  17. Rescaling or Institutional Flexibility?

    Hansen, Povl Adler; Serin, Göran Folke


    -border integration has given rise? Does a process exist whereby the ‘problem' and its solution are readily identified and absorbed by existing institutional structures with actions carried out through ‘selective competence delegation'? Based on two case studies, the integration of the labour market and the creation......ABSTRACT This article is based on the experience of the cross-border integration processes across the Øresund strait which separates Denmark from Sweden, and the related institutional and spatial interaction processes. The role of ‘space of flows' and that of ‘space of place', or territory, will be...... examined in relation to this cross-border integration. Several related questions will be addressed: has there been a re-scaling in the form of new cross-border institutions or have existing national and regional institutional structures been able to adapt to the new landscape to which the cross...

  18. National Institute on Aging

    ... Join Our Mailing List Email The Leader in Aging Research NIA, one of the 27 Institutes and ... broad scientific effort to understand the nature of aging and to extend the healthy, active years of ...

  19. Joint Quantum Institute

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) is pursuing that goal through the work of leading quantum scientists from the Department of Physics of the University of Maryland...

  20. Contributions to institutional matters

    The papers included in this document deal with the institutional aspects and the legal framework of spent fuel management. The international management and storage of plutonium and spent fuel is addressed. Licensing procedures are discussed

  1. Master i jego masterskaja / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    3.-6. märtsini toimuvad Tallinnas Moskva teatri Pjotr Fomenko Meistriklass külalisetendused. Esitatakse lavastused "Perekondlik õnn" Lev Tolstoi romaani järgi Pjotr Fomenko lavastuses ja George Bernard Shaw' "Südametemurdumise maja" Jevgeni Kamenkovitshi lavastuses

  2. Posleslovije k "Zolotoi maske" / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Vene draamafestivali "Kuldne mask Eestis" lavastusest : "September.doc", lav. Mihhail Ugarov, I. Võrõpajevi "Hapnik" lav. Viktor Rõzhakov Teatr.doc esituses, Sophoklese "Kuningas Oidipus" lav. Andrei Prikotenko Peterburi Teatri Liteinõi esituses, M. Ugarovi lavastus "OblomOFF"

  3. Beznadjozhnõi Marmeladov / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Vjatšeslav Rõbnikov mononäidendis "Semjon Zaharõtš "Kuritööst ja karistusest"" Fjodor Dostojevski romaani "Kuritöö ja karistus" järgi, ühe mehe teater "Glagol". Ka teistest tema monolavastustest ja rollidest

  4. Vsjo natshalos s oshibki / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Mängufilm "Paabel" ("Babel") : stsenarist Guillermo Arriaga : režissöör Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu : operaator Rodrigo Prieto : osades Brad Pitt, Kate Blanchett : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Mehhiko, 2006

  5. Skandinavskaja proza i vostotshnojevropeiskaja poezija / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    27.-31. dets. Tallinnas toimunud III rahvusvahelisest teatrifestivalist "Talveöö unenägu 2004". Arvustatakse lavastusi : I. Singeri "Ori" J. Arie lavastuses ja Gesher-teatri esituses, R. Lundani "Tarbetud inimesed" KOM-teatri esituses, A. Tshehhovi "Kirsiaed"(lavastuse pealk. "S.V") P. Adamtshikovi lavastuses Valgevene Janka Kupala nim. Draamateatri esituses, Eva Östergreni "Girlpower" M. Stenbergi lavastuses ja Rootsi Backa teatri esituses ning Tallinna Linnateatri lavastusi "Isad ja pojad" A. Shapiro lavastuses ja "Vincent" A. Prosa lavastuses

  6. Tsvetnoje kino tretjevo reihha / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    PÖFFi Suvekino ööprogramm Sõpruse kinos on Saksamaa filmidest, mis loodud II Maailmasõja ajal. Programm kannab pealkirja "Untergang - Saksa filmikunst pommide all. Värvilised suurfilmid aastaist 1943-1945"

  7. "Uboinaja sila" s estonskim aktsentom / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Näitleja ja režissöör Andres Puustusmaa. Tema käe all valmisid 3 osa populaarsele vene krimiseriaalile "Tappev jõud", edaspidistest plaanidest ning Toomas Hussari stsenaariumist "Paradiisiväravad"

  8. Horosho organizovannõi triumf / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Venemaa rahvusliku filmikunsti ja -teaduste akadeemia auhinnad "Kuldne Kotkas" ("Zolotoi Orjol") 2007.a. filmide eest. Peaauhinna sai Nikita Mihhalkovi "12". Seejuures sai parima meesnäitleja auhinna kogu filmitrupp - 12 näitlejat. Nimetatud ka teised auhinnasaajad. Kahe kinoakadeemia konkurentsist, kus peale jäänud nö Mihhalkovi oma, kes ka määrab Kuldse Kotka auhindu

  9. "Svoja Drama" na rasputje / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Balti teatrifestivalist "OmaDraama 2006". Pikemalt Mart Kivastiku näidendi "Põrgu Wärk" lavastusest, Eesti Draamateatri lavastusest "Syrrealistid". Mõlemad lavastas Hendrik Toompere jun. Leedu luuletaja ja näitleja Birute Mar lavastuses "Poetess". Läti Rahvusteatri lavastusest "Kadunud poeg", lavastaja Peters Krilovs

  10. Kogo dostala Virdzhinija Vulf? / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Virginia Woolfi teosest "Mrs. Dalloway" ajendatud Michael Cunninghami romaanil "Tunnid" põhinev mängufilm "Tunnid" ("The Hours") : režissöör Stephen Daldry : kesksetes rollides Meryl Streep, Nicole Kidman, Julianne Moore : Suurbritannia 2002

  11. Konflikt horoshego s lutshshim? / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Haridus- ja teadusministeeriumi projektist korraldada gümnasistidele tasuta kultuurireis Pariisi. Artikli autor kahtleb, kas riik peab ikka kõigile õpilastele, vaatamata nende perekonna sissetulekutele, seda võimaldama

  12. Herardo Kontrerassu nuzhna pomoshtsh / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Vene Teatri näitleja Herardo Kontreras viibib pärast insulti intensiivraviosakonnas ja vajaks edaspidiseks taastusraviks rahalist toetust. Tema abikaasa Ludmilla Lopatina avas pangakonto Herardo Kontrerase jaoks

  13. Artist nuzhdajetsja v vashei pomoshtshi / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Vene Teatri näitleja Herardo Kontreras viibib pärast insulti intensiivraviosakonnas ja vajaks edaspidiseks taastusraviks rahalist toetust. Tema abikaasa Ludmilla Lopatina avas pangakonto Herardo Kontrerase jaoks

  14. Troihh nado ubrat, reshil komissar / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    4. märtsil esilinastus mängufilm "Täna öösel me ei maga" : stsenaristid Kristian Taska, Jaan Tätte : režissöör Ilmar Taska : operaator Istvan Borbas : produtsent Kristian Taska : peaosades Carmen Kass, Peter Franzen; Maria Avdjushko, Priit Võigemast : Taska Productions

  15. Grozdja razvesistoi kljukvõ / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Mängufilm "Virtuoos" ("Out of the Cold") : režissöör Aleksandr Buravsky : operaator Vladimir Klimov : peaosas Keith Carradine : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Eesti 1999. Väiksemates rollides teeb kaasa mitmeid eesti näitlejaid

  16. Vzgljad na Baltijskuju vesnu / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    9.-15. V toimus Lätis Balti tänapäeva draama festival "View 2005". Läti ja Leedu lavastustest. Eestit esindasid kaks A. Kivirähki näidendit - "Romeo ja Julia" (Vanemuine, lav. M. Unt) ja "Eesti matus" (Draamateater, lav. P. Pedajas)

  17. Odin na odin so zritelem / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Sankt-Peterburgis toimunud III rahvusvahelisest monoetenduste festivalist Monokkel 2001. Eestit esindas Vene Draamateatri lavastus - Dario Fo "Ootan sind, kallim" (näitleja Ljubov Agapovaga), millel on ka pikemalt peatutud

  18. Na gorizonte majatshit nekulturnaja avtonomija / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    MTÜ "Vene Kultuuriautonoomia" loomise teemal vene kultuuri olukorrast Eestis. Juri Lotmanist ja filmi "Lotmani maailm" poolt püstitunud küsimustest, ebakindlusest Vene Teatri arengu suhtes ja muust

  19. "Irlandski sled" v Linnateatre / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Kolm iiri näitekirjanike näidendit Tallinna Linnateatri repertuaaris : T. Murphy "Naeruta paik", lavastaja M. Koldits, F. McGuinnessi "Et keegi mind valvaks", lavastaja E. Klemets, J. Rohumaa lavastus "Impro 3 - Punane Hanrahan"

  20. Svoboda, ravenstvo i bratstvo koltsa / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Mängufilm "Sõrmuste isand : Kuninga tagasitulek" ("The Lord of the Rings : The Return of the King") : režissöör Peter Jackson : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2003. J.R.R. Tolkieni romaani ülekandmisest filmikeelde

  1. Eti deti slishkom mnogo znali / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    PÖFFil linastuv mängufilm "Inetud luiged" ("Gadkije lebedi") : stsenaristid Konstantin Lopushanski ja Vjatsheslav Rõbakov vendade Strugatskite jutustuse motiividel : režissöör Konstantin Lopushanski : Venemaa - Prantsusmaa 2006

  2. Lozhka degtja dlja dobrogo slonenka / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    USA animafilmi "Horton" (režissöörid Jimmy Hayward, Steve Martino) eesti keelde dubleerimisest. Artikli autori kriitika karakter Vlad Vladikoffile eestikeelses dublaazhis antud vene aktsendi kasutamise üle

  3. Ruzhjo dolzhno võstrelit / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Mängufilm "Libahundi needus" : stsenaristid Margus Kasterpalu, Ilmar Raag ja Rainer Sarnet : režissöör Rainer Sarnet : Shop of Dreams - Eesti Televisioon 2005. Ka "teatrineedusest" Moskva Pushkini nim. teatri näitel

  4. Vremja emotsii i vremja analiza / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    2007. aasta aprillisündmustele pühendatud V Kodurahu foorumile oli seekord kutsutud mitmeid väliskülalisi. Mõtteid Saksa politoloogi Alexander Rahri ja raadioajakirjaniku Andreas Brenneri, Vene sotsioloogi Vladimir Mukomeli, majandusekspertide akadeemik Mihhail Bronshteini ja Heido Vitsuri esinemistest

  5. Ljudi pomeshalis na pamjatnikah / Boris Borissov

    Borissov, Boris


    Venemaal ja mujal maailmas püstitatud monumentidest kirjanduslikele kangelastele, loomadele, toiduainetele ja erinevatele objektidele nagu hajameelne reisija, prügi, koduperenaised, naeratus, vildid, armuke, kojamees jne

  6. Rozõ na bolote / Boris Tuch

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-


    Andres Keili "Rooside sõda" Leigo Järveteatris. Näidendile on ainest andnud William Shakespeare'i näidendid "Henry VI" ja "Richard III" ning Tom Lanoye ja Luc Percevali näidend "Sõda". Lavastaja Tõnu Lensment

  7. Great Lakes Energy Institute

    Alexander, J. Iwan [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)


    The vision of the Great Lakes Energy Institute is to enable the transition to advanced, sustainable energy generation, storage, distribution and utilization through coordinated research, development, and education. The Institute will place emphasis on translating leading edge research into next generation energy technology. The Institute’s research thrusts focus on coordinated research in decentralized power generation devices (e.g. fuel cells, wind turbines, solar photovoltaic devices), management of electrical power transmission and distribution, energy storage, and energy efficiency.

  8. On pragmatist institutional economics

    Yefimov, Vladimir


    The movement of New Institutional Economics (NIE), born in the seventies, followed the Institutional Economics of John R. Commons by putting the notion of ‘transaction’ in the centre of its study. The seventies were a period of appearance of an absolute authority of neoclassical economics with its hypothetic-deductive (Cartesian and positivist) methodology and the NIE followed this methodology. The NIE was assimilated by many of the members of its community with ‘transaction costs economics’....

  9. Institutions and Rules.

    Jessop, Bob; Nielsen, Klaus


    This short statement has three aims. First, it suggests that rules and institutionsare a convenient and productive entrypoint for analysing capitalism and mainstream proposals for its reform. But it also suggests that analyses cannot stop there if adequate critiques and alternative strategies are to be developed. Above all we need to move beyond rules and institutions to examine the microfoundations of institutions in particular subjectivities, cognitive frames, modes of calculation, norms of...

  10. SHERPA and Institutional Repositories

    Hubbard, Bill


    The SHERPA project (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access) has been set up to encourage change in the scholarly communication process by creating open-access institutional "e-print" repositories for the dissemination of research findings. This article looks at the terminology involved with such repositories and at the issues that such repositories raise for their construction and use. It reviews the advantages of having an institutional basis for a repository and ...

  11. Chinese institutional investors’ sentiment

    Kling, Gerhard; Gao, Lei


    We use daily survey data on Chinese institutional investors’ forecasts to measure investors' sentiment. Our empirical model uncovers that share prices and investor sentiment do not have a long-run relation; however, in the short-run, the mood of investors follows a positive feedback process. Hence, institutional investors are optimistic when previous market returns were positive. Contrarily, negative returns trigger a decline in sentiment, which reacts more sensitively to negative than positi...

  12. Institutions, Innovations, and Growth

    Chenggang Xu; Haizhou Huang


    The fundamental importance of economic institutions for economic growth through their impact on technological change has been argued, reconfirmed by recent empirical studies, but not examined theoretically. This paper tries to fill that gap. In the model proposed, economic growth is affected by the efficiency and riskiness of research and development (R&D), which are endogenized through financial institutions. The theory and its results shed lights on the debate of convergence versus divergen...

  13. Institutions and Economic Growth


    The objective of this paper is to study the effect of institutional factors on economic growth of a set of 37 developed and developing countries for six successive periods of five years, from 1975 until 2000, using a static panel data model. The key findings generated by this empirical test stipulate a dominant effect exerted by economic institutions on economic growth of the total sample of countries and developed countries.

  14. Blogs in cultural institutions

    Michał Kaczyński


    Full Text Available This article discusses examples of three blogs of the National Library, both in terms of their structure and content as highlighting elements that impact on the promotion of both the blog and the institutions they lead. Discussed the advantages of one of Poland’s most popular blogging platforms WordPress. It also presents a short briefings to customize the look of your blog based on WordPress platform needs to actuate the institution.

  15. Disease, Institutions and Underdevelopment

    Hasan, Lubna


    What explains poverty of Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia? One view holds the disease environment of these regions as the primary culprit. Others see it as a typical symptom of growth retarding institutions. We test validity of these competing assertions for a cross section of countries. Our results indicate that institutions are the prime determinant of economic performance of countries. Disease does not play a significant role in determining outcomes. On the contrary, we find support for ...

  16. Corruption, Institutions and Regulation

    Breen, Michael; Gillanders, Robert


    We analyze the effects of corruption and institutional quality on the quality of business regulation. Our key findings indicate that corruption negatively affects the quality of regulation and that general institutional quality is insignificant once corruption is con- trolled for. These findings hold over a number of specifications which include additional exogenous historical and geographic controls. The findings imply that policy-makers should focus on curbing corruption to improve regulati...

  17. Trade Policy, Openness, Institutions

    Dawood Mamoon; Mansoob Murshed, S.


    This paper examines the importance of institutions vis-à-vis openness and trade policies in determining per capita income differences across countries. Recent literature has tried to demonstrate that more open economies grow faster. On the other hand, it has also been asserted that it is not openness per se but institutions and good governance that matter in promoting growth. This paper attempts to test this hypothesis across a crosssection of nations. Unlike other papers in the field, we hav...

  18. Institutions and Venture Capital

    Lerner, Josh; Tåg, Joacim


    We survey the literature on venture capital and institutions and present a case study comparing the development of the venture capital market in the US to Sweden. Our literature survey underscores that the legal environment, financial market development, the tax system, labor market regulations, and public spending on research and development correlates with venture capital activities across countries. Our case study suggests these institutional differences led to the later development of an ...

  19. Developing Institutional Language Policy

    Nemira Mačianskienė


    Full Text Available Higher education institutions face challenges set by Bologna process, the implementation of which requires creating conditions for language learning and intercultural competence acquisition. Although higher education institutions in Lithuania maintain different and in a way promiscuous approaches to the role of HEI in the development of students‘ linguistic and intercultural competences, but a certain institutional policy with regard to language learning and teaching has inevitably been formed on the institutional level, though not always defined by normative documents. The aim of the research is to summarise the development of language policy in HEIs on the basis of the practice of European higher education institutions. The research applied the findings of ENLU (European Network for the Promotion of Language Learning among All Undergraduates and MOLAN (Network for the Exchange of Information about Good Practices that Serve to Motivate Language Learners, performing comparative and content analysis. The descriptive statistics and analysis of research into the practical organisation of language learning and teaching provided at VMU served as the basis aiming to identify preconditions for institutional language policy formation.

  20. Antecedents of institutional process

    Emilio Díez de Castro


    Full Text Available This research is an attempt to advance the understanding of why organizations are responsive to the institutionalization process. To this end, we describe key elements that help explain the origin of this process. Furthermore, this research has followed a qualitative research methodology, using the ‘concept mapping’ technique, and grouping the different constructs items that act as motivating factors in the transformation of organizations to institutions. Methodologically we have tried to overlook the differentiation between old and new institutionalism, this approach follows the ideas of those researchers that question the suitability of drawing a line between the “old” and the “new” theory. We consider that the role of the CEO is essential in driving the institutionalization process, though usually their decisions are supported or have passed through the filter of the organization governance staff or the board of directors. Any progress that the organization makes depends fundamentally on the capabilities, perceptions, training and mindset of the CEO. The research results reinforce several key topics suggested in the literature on institutional theory. Particularly, we have proposed a classification with the motives that give rise to institutional initiatives: institutional authority; advantage in management; and, social involvement. This classification is consistent, to a larger extend, to the pillars of institutionalization that have been defined in the institutional theory literature, helping to understand, in more detail, the origin of the business processes and the background or motivations that generates and guide them.

  1. Reforming Institutions: Where to Begin?

    M. Idrees Khawaja; Sajawal Khan


    No society is devoid of institutions but many live with poor institutions. Institutions promote growth. This is a view now held firmly and widely. The task then is to ‘engineer’ growth-promoting institutions. Endogeneity characterises institutions; for example, groups enjoying political power influence economic institutions, but political power itself is a function of wealth. Given endogeneity, if the task is to design institutional reforms, the question then arises, as to what to reform firs...

  2. Institutions and Modernity

    Witold Morawski


    Full Text Available Purpose: Modernity consists of many confl icting aspects: It brings many empty promises, yet has resulted in new institutions that create bridges between the values and interests of millions of people who seek freedom, prosperity, quality of life, strengthened democracy and social justice. In this paper I attempt to a gain and loss account against modernity, because institutional rules are not only conducive to cooperative interactions, but to hostile interactions as well. People are not always guided by moral commitment, but rather more often driven by cold calculation or coercion.Methodology: Modernity has at least three defi nitions. The fi rst defi nition is based on ideas that took over the imagination of the era. The second defi nition is based on an analysis of the behavior of people who respond to reason as well as emotion and believe that they act more rationally than their ancestors or the traditional “others”. The third defi nition is the one closest to my heart, consisting of the use of institutional categories. Institutions offer practical ways of connecting ideas and people. The challenge for them is the result of deepening local and national interdependencies, but increasingly often also regional (e.g. European and global. Interdependencies are the result of the scientifi c and technological revolution, global markets, global governance mechanisms, the emergence of new social forces and cultural confl icts (against the background of reconciling identity and differences.Conclusions: The most important task is to identify the mechanisms of complex systems so that people know how to act under conditions of uncertainty, risk and crisis. Hence, the expectations toward institutions often exceed their abilities. Even though new institutions are being created and old ones are being fixed, we are witnessing and participating in, institutional paralysis and the decay (e.g. corruption. In this situation, it is imperative not only to

  3. John Searle on Institutional Facts

    m Abdullahi


    Here we argue that the essence of institutional facts is status functions. Humans recognize these functions which contain a set of deontic powers through collective intentionality. Therefore, institutional facts are ontologically subjective and epistemologically objective. Nevertheless, objectivity of institutional facts totally depends on language which itself is a fundamental institution for other institutions.

  4. Commercial and Institutional Waste

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund; Fruergaard, Thilde


    Commercial and institutional waste is primarily from retail (stores), hotels, restaurants, health care (except health risk waste), banks, insurance companies, education, retirement homes, public services and transport. Within some of these sectors, e.g. retail and restaurants, large variations are...... found in terms of which products and services are offered. Available data on unit generation rates and material composition as well as determining factors are discussed in this chapter. The characterizing of commercial and institutional waste is faced with the problem that often only a part of the waste...... is handled in the municipal waste system, where information is easily accessible. An important part of commercial and institutional waste is packaging waste, and enterprises with large quantities of clean paper, cardboard and plastic waste may have their own facilities for baling and storing their...

  5. Institutional social engagement

    Prijić-Samaržija Snježana


    Full Text Available I am referring to social engagement as a value-based choice to actively intervene in social reality in order to modify existing collective identities and social practices with the goal of realizing the public good. The very term ‘engagement’, necessarily involves the starting awareness of a social deficit or flaw and presupposes a critical attitude towards social reality. In this article, I will attempt to provide arguments in favour of the thesis about the possibility (and, later, necessity of institutional engagement, critical action and even institutional protest, basing this view on the thesis that institutions are fundamentally collective or social agents whose actions must be guided by ethical and epistemic virtues.

  6. The Physics Institute

    Dalibard, Jean


    The Collège de France’s Physics Institute is a new research centre set up on the historical Marcelin-Berthelot site. Its establishment follows a long tradition that was recently illustrated by that of Louis Leprince-Ringuet’s, Marcel Froissart’s and Pierre-Gilles de Gennes’s laboratories. The Institute is comprised of three physics Chairs and a junior research team incubator, surrounded by efficient technical and administrative services. In total, about one hundred researchers, engineers, tec...

  7. Do Financial Institutions Matter?

    Franklin Allen


    In standard asset pricing theory, investors are assumed to invest directly in financial markets. The role of financial institutions is ignored. The focus in corporate finance is on agency problems. How do you ensure that managers act in shareholders' interests? There is an inconsistency in assuming that when you give your money to a financial institution there is no agency problem but when you give it to a firm there is. It is argued both areas need to take proper account of the role of finan...

  8. Netherlands Interuniversity Reactor Institut

    This is the annual report of the Interuniversity Reactor Institute in the Netherlands for the Academic Year 1977-78. Activities of the general committee, the daily committee and the scientific advice board are presented. Detailed reports of the scientific studies performed are given under five subjects - radiation physics, reactor physics, radiation chemistry, radiochemistry and radiation hygiene and dosimetry. Summarised reports of the various industrial groups are also presented. Training and education, publications and reports, courses, visits and cooperation with other institutes in the area of scientific research are mentioned. (C.F.)

  9. The institutional repository

    Jones, Richard; MacColl, John


    Providing a thorough review of the concept of the Institutional Repository (IR) the book examines how they can be set up, maintained and embedded into general institutional working practice. Specific reference is made to capturing certain types of research material such as E-Theses and E-Prints and what the issues are with regard to obtaining the material, ensuring that all legal grounds are covered and then storing the material in perpetuity. General workflow and administrative processes that may come up during the implementation and maintenance of an IR are discussed.

  10. Conventions and Institutional Logics

    Westenholz, Ann

    Two theoretical approaches – Conventions and Institutional Logics – are brought together and the similarities and differences between the two are explored. It is not the intention to combine the approaches, but I would like to open both ‘boxes’ and make them available to each other with the purpose......-macro level analyses. The theoretical quest of both Conventions and Institutional Logics has been to understand the increasing indeterminacy, uncertainty and ambiguity in people’s lives where a sense of reality, of value, of moral, of feelings is not fixed. Both approaches have created new theoretical...

  11. A Microeconomic Analysis of Institutions

    Olsson, Ola


    This survey paper has three themes; a microeconomic analysis of institutions, an institutional analysis of microeconomics, and a discussion on the scope for an "institutional microeconomics" that takes insights from psychology and older institutional theory into account. Institutions are defined as the long-run rules of the economy that have the character of public goods and whose main function is the reduction of transaction costs. The institutional requirements for the Walrasian equilibrium...

  12. Individ, institution og samfund

    I denne antologi giver en række førende fagpersoner deres bud på det nye fag "Individ, institution & samfund"'s indholdselementer. Emnerne tæller bl.a. styreformer- og styringslogikker, dannelse, institutionalisering, tværinstitutionelt arbejde, etik, social ulighed, globalisering og forvaltning af...

  13. Asian Institute of Technology.

    Office of Naval Research, London (England).

    The Asian Institute of Technology is a notable success for that part of the world where success is not too common. It is an excellent example of not only the initiative and organization of a technical university, but also of the success of a foreign aid program. This report gives details of this organization and accomplishments. (Author)

  14. East African institutions

    Nordby, Johannes Riber; Jacobsen, Katja

    For the past decade security in East Africa has gained focus internationally. However there is a growing ambition among African states to handle such issues by themselves, sometimes through regional institutions. This has been supported by many Western states but potential risks are often forgotten....

  15. International institutional law

    Schermers, Henry G


    In several respects the present study is an enlargement of a former analysis about the specialized agencies of the United Nations to more organisations and into further detail. In particular the creation of the European Communities, adding new aspects to international institutional law, have received attention.

  16. Marketingour institution internationally

    Rooijen, van M.


    Quality assurance is quickly taking on a vital role when it comes to managing the increasingly complex internationalisation process. Not only is it essential in reaching institutional goals in a controlled manner, it is also becoming an integral part of maintaining and improving every institution’s

  17. Confronting Institutional Racism.

    Keleher, Terry; Johnson, Tammy


    The best way to measure institutional racism is to examine effects (statistical outcomes), not intentions. Administrators can actively address racial inequality, collect realistic data, combine equity and quality considerations in all policies, support accountability while resisting high-stakes tests, involve the whole community, and avoid silver…

  18. Institute for Nuclear Theory

    This report briefly discussion the following programs of the Institute for Nuclear Theory: fundamental interactions in nuclei; strangeness in hadrons and nuclei; microscopic nuclear structure theory; nuclear physics in atoms and molecules; phenomenology and lattice QCD; and large amplitude collective motion

  19. The branding of institutions.

    Stephenson, S


    Institutional operations capitalizing on national foodservice brands have seen sales increase as much as 40%, operators say. But what if operators choose to stay independent and develop their own brands? Our feature presents both business strategies and the concepts that are winning customers. PMID:10109711

  20. Bory v reliktním ekosystému nížinné tajgy na Dokesku - využití, péče a ochrana

    Sádlo, Jiří; Petřík, Petr; Boublík, K.


    Roč. 67, č. 2 (2012), s. 8-11. ISSN 1210-258X R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAAX00050801 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : pine forest * forestry * conservation Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  1. National Space Biomedical Research Institute


    This report outlines the National Space Biomedical Research Institute's (NSBRI) activities during FY 2004, the Institute's seventh year. It is prepared in accordance with Cooperative Agreement NCC 9-58 between NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) and the Institute's lead institution, Baylor College of Medicine.

  2. Shaping behaviour: How institutions evolve

    Woodhill, A.J.


    Any form of development and social change requires institutional innovation. Societies have become much better at technological innovation than institutional innovation. Institutional innovation requires nonlinear, complex and evolutionary processes of change. Coping with the complex crises of our times will require new forms of social learning and political engagement that dramatically enhance capacities for institutional innovation.

  3. Empirical Analysis of Informal Institutions

    Park, Sang-Min


    The New Institutional Economics has established itself as widely accepted extension to the standard neoclassical paradigm. Here, institutions are defined as commonly known rules that structure recurring interaction situations and the corresponding sanctioning mechanism. For-mal institutions describe rules with a sanction mechanism that is organized by the state. In-formal institutions describe rules with a sanction mechanism that ...

  4. Homogeneous group, research, institution

    Francesca Natascia Vasta


    Full Text Available The work outlines the complex connection among empiric research, therapeutic programs and host institution. It is considered the current research state in Italy. Italian research field is analyzed and critic data are outlined: lack of results regarding both the therapeutic processes and the effectiveness of eating disorders group analytic treatment. The work investigates on an eating disorders homogeneous group, led into an eating disorder outpatient service. First we present the methodological steps the research is based on including the strong connection among theory and clinical tools. Secondly clinical tools are described and the results commented. Finally, our results suggest the necessity of validating some more specifical hypothesis: verifying the relationship between clinical improvement (sense of exclusion and painful emotions reduction and specific group therapeutic processes; verifying the relationship between depressive feelings, relapses and transition trough a more differentiated groupal field.Keywords: Homogeneous group; Eating disorders; Institutional field; Therapeutic outcome


    Tatiana Petrovna POPOVA


    Full Text Available Modern linguistics attributes analysis of discourse to a most actual scientific problem. The paper considers different approaches to study of discourse, gives its short characteristics, describes its linguistic and extra linguistic features, and provides definitions of discourse. The article also describes several models of institutional discourse, the main features of which are normativeness, conventionality, hierarchy, appellate character, integrity, consistency etc. The author of the article carries out comparative analysis of the terms ―text‖ and ―discourse‖, taking into account various frames of reference of scholars dealing with this problem, considers some kinds of institutional discourse (e.g. electronic, pedagogical. Special attention is paid to academic discourse defined as a complex of all possible texts, which reflect scientific knowledge and have a high degree of inter-textuality. 

  6. Lanoteplase Genetics Institute.

    Hopfner, R


    Lanoteplase, a modified form of a tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) lacking fibronectin finger-like and epidermal growth factor domains, was developed by the Genetics Institute for the potential treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Suntory, the Japanese licensee, has filed an NDA in Japan for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI) [301222]. It was also licensed to Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) for worldwide development (excluding Japan, China, South Korea and Taiwan) [178225]. BMS conducted phase III trials for acute MI [272490] but discontinued development and returned the license to Genetics Institute during 1999 [359688]. In February 1999, Lehman Brothers predicted the drug had a 60% probability of reaching market, with an estimated first launch date in 2000. The analysts predicted peak sales would occur in 2006, with peak sales of $200 million in the US and US $100 million in the rest of the world at that time [319225]. PMID:11249701

  7. Institute for safety technology

    In the area of nuclear reactor safety studies, the Institute for Safety Technology (STI) concentrated its efforts in analysing experimentally and numerically phenomena which characterize highly-improbable but very severe accidents either for light water or for sodium cooled reactors. In the STI nuclear isle, three new laboratories for waste (PETRA), fusion (ETHEL) and safeguards, (PERLA) activities are approaching completion and have made substantial progress in their licensing procedure. The Institute started activities in the non-nuclear safety research area only a few years ago and has been able this year to present its first significant experimental and theoretical results in the areas of runaway reactions, accidental release of products and their deflagration/detonation. Concerning Reference Methods for the Evaluation of Structure Reliability a better understanding was gained of the nonlinear cyclic and dynamic behaviour of materials and structures by performing experiments and developing constitutive and structural member models leading to the computer simulation of complete structures

  8. Transportation Institutional Plan


    This Institutional Plan is divided into three chapters. Chapter 1 provides background information, discusses the purposes of the Plan and the policy guidance for establishing the transportation system, and describes the projected system and the plans for its integrated development. Chapter 2 discusses the major participants who must interact to build the system. Chapter 3 suggests mechanisms for interaction that will foster wide participation in program planning and implementation and provides a framework for managing and resolving the issues related to development and operation of the transportation system. A list of acronyms and a glossary are included for the reader's convenience. Also included in this Plan are four appendices. Of particular importance is Appendix A, which includes detailed discussion of specific transportation issues. Appendices B, C, and D provide supporting material to assist the reader in understanding the roles of the involved institutions.

  9. Institutions and poverty.

    Tebaldi, Edinaldo; Mohan, Ramesh


    This study utilises eight alternative measures of institutions and the instrumental variable method to examine the impacts of institutions on poverty. The estimates show that an economy with a robust system to control corruption, an effective government, and a stable political system will create the conditions to promote economic growth, minimise income distribution conflicts, and reduce poverty. Corruption, ineffective governments, and political instability will not only hurt income levels through market inefficiencies, but also escalate poverty incidence via increased income inequality. The results also imply that the quality of the regulatory system, rule of law, voice and accountability, and expropriation risk are inversely related to poverty but their effect on poverty is via average income rather than income distribution. PMID:20645460

  10. Jakartans, Institutionally Volatile

    Masaaki OKAMOTO


    Full Text Available Jakarta recently has gained even more central political attention in Indonesia since Joko Widodo (Jokowi and Basuki Purnama (Ahok became, respectively, the province’s governor and vice-governor in 2012. They started a series of eye-catching and populist programmes, drawing popular support from not only the people of Jakarta, but also among Indonesians in general. Jokowi is now even the most popular candidate for the presidential election in 2014. Their rise is phenomenal in this sense, but it is understandable if we look at Jakartan voters’ behaviour and the institutional arrangement that leads to it. Jakarta, as the national capital, has a unique arrangement in that the province has no autonomous regency or city. This paper argues that this arrangement causes Jakartans to be more politically volatile and describes how this institutional arrangement was created by analysing the minutes of the meeting to discuss the laws concerning Jakarta Province.

  11. Norwegian Fashion Institute

    Heggli, Karolina; Soraas, Nina Cathrine; Thorstensen, Nina Fredrikke; Thorso, Mia


    This report has been conducted in cooperation with Norwegian Fashion Institute (hereinafter NFI). NFI is a non-profit organisation that represents the participants within the Norwegian fashion Industry. It seeks to make Norwegian fashion brands recognized at home and overseas. There are 90 members in the organisation that represents the wide spectrum of Norwegian fashion. Obtaining knowledge of the market will help NFI promote Norwegian fashion brands in the UK and identify the...

  12. Crime, Corruption and Institutions

    Ishita Chatterjee; Ranjan Ray


    This paper explores the link between crime and corruption, compares their magnitudes, determinants and their effects on growth rates. The study uses a large cross country data set containing individual responses to questions on crime and corruption along with information on the respondents’ characteristics. This data set is supplemented by country level indicators from a variety of sources on a range of macro variables and on institutions in the respondent’s country of residence. A methodolog...

  13. Institutions, Technology, and Trade

    Wolfgang Keller; Carol H. Shiue


    We study the importance of technology and institutions in determining the size of markets in five different countries and fifteen different German states. The setting of 19th century Europe presents a unique opportunity to address this issue, since it witnessed fundamental change in both dimensions. At the beginning of the century, numerous customs borders, separate currencies with different monetary systems, and poor transportation facilities were major obstacles that held back trade. Import...

  14. Institutional changes of SPACs

    Lakicevic, Milan; Shachmurove, Yochanan; Vulanovic, Milos


    We document the changes of corporate design of modern Specified Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) from 2003 to 2012. We assign the impact on changes of SPACs to each of the three groups of stakeholders: founders, investors and underwriters and test whether institutional characteristics of SPACs determine the success of their merger outcomes. We document that SPACs significantly redesigned its structure in the period under observation. Additionally, the probability of the merger for SPACs ...

  15. Conditioning Institutions and Renegotiation

    Ramey, Garey; Watson, Joel


    We propose a theory of contracting in long-term relationships, emphasizing the role of social institutions in conditioning players' joint selection of Equilibria. Players adopt a social conditioning system in order to place boundaries on their recurrent negotiation and thereby sustain a desirable joint selection of equilibrium. Social conventions have value because players cannot freely reinterpret the labels attached to histories, in contrast to labels that the players might assign internall...

  16. Conditioning Institutions and Renegotiation

    Ramey, Garey; Watson, Joel


    We propose a theory of contracting in long-term relationships, emphasizing the role of social institutions in conditioning players' joint selection of equilibria. Players adopt a social conditioning system in order to place boundaries on their recurrent negotiation and thereby sustain a desirable joint selection of equilibrium. Social conventions have value because players cannot freely reinterpret the labels attached to histories, in contrast to labels that the players might assign internall...

  17. Mainstreaming Informal Financial Institutions

    Seibel, Hans Dieter


    Informal financial institutions (IFIs), among them the ubiquitous rotating savings and credit associations, are of ancient origin. Owned and self-managed by local people, poor and non-poor, they are self-help organizations which mobilize their own resources, cover their costs and finance their growth from their profits. With the expansion of the money economy, they have spread into new areas and grown in numbers, size and diversity; but ultimately, most have remained restricted in size, outre...

  18. Redefining the Institutional Repository

    Keene, Chris


    Institutional Repositories have grown in importance over the last 10 years to offer a core University and Library service, however, their role is developing faster now than it has ever done. Funder Open Access requirements, internal reporting, research data. Ref2020 and more are increasing the demands on the traditional repository, putting pressure on staff resources and challenging the underlying software. This webinar will outline these issues as well as look at how the needs and use of...

  19. Institutions and Labour Reallocation

    Bertola, Giuseppe; Rogerson, Richard


    Despite stringent dismissal restrictions in most European countries, rates of job creation and destruction are remarkably similar across European and North American labour markets. This paper shows that relative-wage compression is conducive to higher employer-initiated job turnover, and argues that wage-setting institutions and job security provisions differ across countries in ways that are both consistent with rough uniformity of job turnover statistics and readily explained by intuitive t...

  20. Institutions and Labor Reallocation

    Giuseppe Bertola; Richard Rogerson


    Despite stringent dismissal restrictions in most European countries, rates of job creation and destruction are remarkably similar across European and North American labor markets. This paper shows that relative-wage compression is conducive to higher employer-initiated job turnover, and argues that wagesetting institutions and job-security provisions differ across countries in ways that are both consistent with rough uniformity of job turnover statistics and readily explained by intuitive the...

  1. Institute of physics

    A survey is given of the personnel and activities of the Institute of Physics. Research by staff of the Nuclear Physics Group includes mainly work on heavy ion reactions and investigations of rare earth nuclei. The Elementary Particle Group has studied antineutron and antiproton annihilations, neutral current pions minus and has used the CERN ISRs. The Cosmic Physics Group has used rockets, satellite data and balloons to study the electron and proton precipitation in the upper atmosphere and magnetosphere, and aurorae. (JIW)

  2. Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Institutions

    E. Stam; Nooteboom, B.


    This paper discusses the nature of entrepreneurship and its relation to innovation along a cycle in which exploration and exploration follow upon each other. We place the roles of entrepreneurship in innovation policy within this cycle of innovation. Different types of innovation along the cycle of innovation are realized with different forms of entrepreneurship, which are constrained or enabled by different legal institutions. One of the key roles of governments is to design, change or destr...


    Rose, Shanna


    As budgetary commitments outpace current revenues and long-term liabilities balloon, the fiscal sustainability of state and local governments is a matter of mounting concern. Over the years, these governments have experimented with a wide variety of political and fiscal institutions, ranging from direct democracy to balanced budget rules, with the goal of slowing the growth of government and increasing financial responsibility. This article synthesizes the related empirical literature, summar...


    Galaktionova Nelli Anatolyevna


    Full Text Available The article deals with holiday as social institute, stages of its institutionalization, such as emergence of need; formation of general objects and ideology proving them; development of social norms and rules;practical adoption of rules and procedures; establishment sanction system; creation of statuses and role system. On the example of Russian festive tradition the general institutional signs of a holiday are described, it is specified that the majority of holidays are at a stage of cultural symbol search having the behavior code; system of ideas; utilitarian and cultural lines; installations and examples of behavior. Taking into consideration the view of Nelli Galaktionova, we can say, that these principles explain the popularity of the Victory Day Holiday and not stable Russian holiday on the 12-th of June- day of Russia. It is stated that the absence of the ritual prevents the popularity of holiday in society. In the article obvious and latent functions of a holiday as social institute are described - regulatory function, integrative, broadcasting, function of reproduction of the social relations, socializing, educational, guarding, forming the culture, communicative, sociocultural, actable, function of leisure and rest organization, adaptive and compensatory, function of removal of ethical regulations. According to the author of article, the holiday is a basis of formation of national and state and civil identity.

  5. How (not) to measure institutions

    Voigt, Stefan


    The statement “institutions matter” has become commonplace. A precondition for it to be supported by empirical evidence, is, however, that institutions are measurable. Glaeser et al. (2004) attacks many studies claiming to prove the relevance of institutions for economic development as being based on flawed measures of institutions, or not even on institutions at all. This paper shows that their criticism deserves to be taken seriously, but that it is somewhat overblown. Some of the difficult...

  6. Solar Technology Institute

    For the past three years, Ken Olson and Johnny Weiss and their staff have been quietly delivering the tools of sustainable development to people in places as diverse (or similar) as Manhattan and the jungles of Colombia. Their delivery vehicle is the Solar Technology Institute, officially launched in May of 1991. Founded on thirty years of combined experience and inspired by Johnny and Ken's most recent work in developing countries, STI reflects its founders' evolving abilities to tackle environmental energy and development challenges on a global scale. This article describes the STI and highlights some of its global activities in education and application of solar technology

  7. Positional Concerns and Institutions

    Landes, Xavier


    their implications for economics, positional concerns imply important normative dimensions. There have been presumed to be a symptom of envy, reduce people’s happiness, and create problems of social interaction or economic inefficiencies. Individuals are, for instance, prone to pick states of the world...... than others, namely that invoking envy or subjective well-being is not fully satisfying for regulating positional concerns. More compelling reasons seem, in complement with efficiency, to be related to considerations for equality. In other words, if institutions could have strong reasons to pay...... attention to and regulate positional concerns, it would be in virtue of their impact on the social product and individuals’ conditions of living....

  8. Spaceborne Photonics Institute

    Venable, D. D.; Farrukh, U. O.; Han, K. S.; Hwang, I. H.; Jalufka, N. W.; Lowe, C. W.; Tabibi, B. M.; Lee, C. J.; Lyons, D.; Maclin, A.


    This report describes in chronological detail the development of the Spaceborne Photonics Institute as a sustained research effort at Hampton University in the area of optical physics. This provided the research expertise to initiate a PhD program in Physics. Research was carried out in the areas of: (1) modelling of spaceborne solid state laser systems; (2) amplified spontaneous emission in solar pumped iodine lasers; (3) closely simulated AM0 CW solar pumped iodine laser and repeatedly short pulsed iodine laser oscillator; (4) a materials spectroscopy and growth program; and (5) laser induced fluorescence and atomic and molecular spectroscopy.

  9. Institute annual report 2004

    The mission of the ITU (Institute for Transuranium Elements) is to protect the European citizen against risk associated with the handling and storage of highly radioactive elements. The JRC (Joint Research Center) provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. In this framework this annual report presents the TU actions in: basic actinide research, spent fuel characterization, safety of nuclear fuels, partitioning and transmutation, alpha-immunotherapy/radiobiology, measurement of radioactivity in the environment, safeguards research and development. (A.L.B.)

  10. Digitalization of daycare institutions

    Chimirri, Niklas Alexander

    meaningful for the respective pedagogical practice. Against this background, the presentation will in particular explore what this digitalization process may entail for the aim of promoting reciprocal intergenerational communication and practice. It draws on recent work in childhood geography as well as on...... devices affect the relational spatiality of situated intergenerational communication and practice? The presentation will build on preliminary findings from an ethnographically inspired empirical pilot study in a daycare institution. It aims at prototyping a conceptual framework which assists in...... purposefully tackling the above questions through implementing reciprocal intergenerational communication and practice as a tool of collaborative inquiry and analysis....