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1

Estimation of the Diastolic Arterial Blood Pressure by Palpation of the Brachial Artery.  

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The fact that the palpatory method of indirect measurement of blood pressure can be used to estimate the diastolic arterial pressure is apparently not widely known. By using an apparatus which simultaneously inflates and deflates two blood pressure cuffs,...

J. D. Rogge J. F. Meyer

1967-01-01

2

The severity of coronary artery disease evaluated by central systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure  

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Full Text Available Background: Central pulse pressure, pulse pressure index and fractional pulse pressure have been confirmed to be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but if the severity of cardiovascular disease, specifically for the coronary artery disease, is evaluated by central systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure has been not well studied. Aims: This study was designed to examine if central systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure could act as a predicting factor for the severity of coronary artery disease. Patients and Methods: A total of 310 patients were included in this study. 154 patients were diagnosed with coronary artery disease, and 156 with non-coronary artery disease, which was confirmed with diagnostic coronary angiography. The average age and sex in the two groups were same. Results: Age, peripheral and central systolic blood pressure, fractional systolic pressure, and fractional diastolic pressure were significantly higher in the patients with coronary artery disease (P<0.05. The central fractional systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure were abnormal in the patients with coronary artery disease. Central fractional systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure presented a positive correlation between them and coronary Gensini Score (P<0.05, in the patients with coronary artery disease. Conclusions: The severity of coronary artery disease may be predicted by examination of central fractional systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure.

Song-Tao An

2010-05-01

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The severity of coronary artery disease evaluated by central systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure  

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Background: Central pulse pressure, pulse pressure index and fractional pulse pressure have been confirmed to be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but if the severity of cardiovascular disease, specifically for the coronary artery disease, is evaluated by central systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure has been not well studied. Aims: This study was designed to examine if central systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure could act as a predicting ...

Song-Tao An; Qi, Yan-yan; Li-Xia Wang

2010-01-01

4

Increased diastolic blood pressure response to exercise testing when coronary artery disease is suspected. An indication of severity.  

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One hundred and two consecutive patients with a history of chest pain or recent previous myocardial infarction underwent maximal treadmill stress testing and coronary angiography. The diastolic blood pressure response to exercise was evaluated independently of ST segment change and systolic blood pressure. In the presence of a normal systolic blood pressure response an increase in diastolic blood pressure of 15 mm Hg on at least two determinations during the same stage of exercise was conside...

1985-01-01

5

Reverse J-curve relation between diastolic blood pressure and severity of coronary artery lesion in hypertensive patients with angina pectoris.  

Science.gov (United States)

The existence of the J-curve in hypertension treatment remains controversial. The major question is whether the increase in mortality from coronary disease is induced by the lowering of blood pressure (BP) or by the severity of underlying coronary artery disease. We recruited patients with a history of hypertension (systolic BP (SBP) >160 mmHg and/or diastolic BP (DBP) >90 mmHg) and a diagnosis of angina pectoris with angiographically confirmed coronary artery lesion. The relationship among the treated levels of SBP and DBP, the severity of coronary artery lesion, and the clinical consequences were investigated. Among the 234 enrolled patients, 115 experienced further events, 19 of which were serious. There were no significant differences in the average BP of patients with and those without events, but the coronary severity indices (CSI) were significantly greater in patients with events. As a function of DBP from < or = 74 to 105 < or = mmHg, there was a positive association with the incidence of serious events, and a reversed J-curve in CSI with a nadir at 95-104 mmHg. A similar relationship was observed in SBP, but a potentially unfavorable outcome was suggested in the lowest SBP range of < or = 124 mmHg. In conclusion, there was no J-curve for DBP in hypertensive patients with angina pectoris; rather, the lower the DBP, the better was the prognosis. Interestingly, the severity of coronary lesion is in a reversed J-curve relation with DBP, suggesting that high BP plays a critical role in serious events in hypertensive patients with moderate coronary artery lesions. PMID:12135316

Hasebe, Naoyuki; Kido, Shinsuke; Ido, Akira; Kenjiro, Kikuchi

2002-05-01

6

THE INFLUENCE OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION ON THE LEFT VENTRICLAR DIASTOLIC FUNCTION  

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Full Text Available The changes in the heart diastolic function are early functional disturbances in arterial hypertension and are present before the changes in the systolic function. The aim of this research was to study the influence of arterial hypertension on the left ventricular diastolic function. The research included a group of 126 subjects: 93 patients with arterial hypertension and 33 healthy subjects, who were the control group. The patients with arterial hypertension, compared to the control group, had a significantly higher: BMI (p < 0,001, left ventricular mass (p < 0,001, left ventricular mass index (p < 0,001 and the left atrium (p < 0,001. The parameters of the diastolic function in patients with arterial hypertension compared to the control group have shown statistically significant differences: IVRT (p < 0,001 and DT (p < 0,01 are significantly longer and the ratio E/A (p < 0,01 is significantly lower, which gives the image of delayed relaxation. The quotient of linear correlation of IVRT with the systolic and diastolic blood pressure has shown that IVRT statistically significantly correlates both with the systolic blood pressure (p < 0,005 and the diastolic blood pressure (p < 0,05. DT in correlations did not show the dependence on systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The quotient of the linear correlations of the E/A ratio with the systolic and diastolic blood pressure has shown that the E/A ratio, statistically significantly, negatively correlates with systolic blood pressure (p < 0,005 and diastolic blood pressure (p < 0,05. The changes in the left ventricular diastolic function in arterial hypertension are reversible and the condition for that is a good regulation of the blood pressure with hygienic and dietetic measures and medicaments.

Milan Pavlovic

2006-04-01

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Associação da pressão arterial diastólica com o tempo acumulado de trabalho entre motoristas e cobradores Diastolic blood pressure and its association with cumulative working time among urban bus workers  

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Full Text Available Pela técnica de regressão linear múltipla, estudou-se a relação existente entre pressão arterial diastólica e as variáveis "tempo total acumulado de trabalho como condutor de veículos coletivos urbanos" e "idade", em uma população de 839 motoristas e cobradores, usuários de um serviço de saúde ocupacional da cidade de Campinas, Estado de São Paulo (Brasil. Os principais resultados encontrados foram associação positiva entre a pressão arterial diastólica e o tempo acumulado de trabalho, bem como existência de uma interação entre esta variável e a idade dos condutores.The relationship between diastolic blood pressure and the variables "total cumulative working time" and "age" was examined by regression analysis. The study was carried out among 839 bus drivers and conductors, users of an occupational health center in Campinas, S.Paulo State, Brazil. The main results were apositive association between diastolic blood pressure and cumulative working time, as well as an interaction between this variable and the bus worker's age.

Ricardo Cordeiro

1993-10-01

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Diastolic blood pressure influences cerebrovascular reactivity measured by means of 123I-iodoamphetamine brain single photon emission computed tomography in medically treated patients with occlusive carotid or middle cerebral artery disease  

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Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) to vasodilating agents is a predictor of the onset and prognosis of ischemic stroke. It is realized that the CVR improves or worsens when measured periodically during the clinical course in medically treated patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease. In these patients, we investigated the possible relationship between the interval change in CVR and that in systemic blood pressure (BP). Forty-two patients (14 females and 28 males, mean age±SD: 65.3±8.8 years) with severe stenosis or occlusion of the common carotid, internal carotid, or middle cerebral arteries repeatedly underwent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies using 123I-iodoamphetamine to measure cerebral blood flow (CBF) distribution and CVR at a more-than-6-month interval (mean±SD: 18.5±8.8 months). The CVR was separately estimated in cerebral hemispheres ipsilateral and contralateral to the most severe vascular lesion as the % increase in CBF after acetazolamide loading to CBF at rest. Systemic BP was measured four times at enrollment and the follow-up SPECT studies during resting and acetazolamide loading. Average BP at each SPECT study was an average of BP measurements during resting and acetazolamide loading. Interval changes in CVR were correlated with those in average systolic BP, average diastolic BP, and average mean arterial BP. The interval changes in CVR were significantly correlated with those in average diastolic BP in the ipsilateral hemisphere (y=0.71x+1.43, r2=0.11, p2=0.16, p123I-IMP SPECT was influenced by the diastolic BP at the SPECT studies. Monitoring diastolic BP is important to evaluate interval change in CVR. (author)

2006-04-01

9

Associação da pressão arterial diastólica com o tempo acumulado de trabalho entre motoristas e cobradores / Diastolic blood pressure and its association with cumulative working time among urban bus workers  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Pela técnica de regressão linear múltipla, estudou-se a relação existente entre pressão arterial diastólica e as variáveis "tempo total acumulado de trabalho como condutor de veículos coletivos urbanos" e "idade", em uma população de 839 motoristas e cobradores, usuários de um serviço de saúde ocupa [...] cional da cidade de Campinas, Estado de São Paulo (Brasil). Os principais resultados encontrados foram associação positiva entre a pressão arterial diastólica e o tempo acumulado de trabalho, bem como existência de uma interação entre esta variável e a idade dos condutores. Abstract in english The relationship between diastolic blood pressure and the variables "total cumulative working time" and "age" was examined by regression analysis. The study was carried out among 839 bus drivers and conductors, users of an occupational health center in Campinas, S.Paulo State, Brazil. The main resul [...] ts were apositive association between diastolic blood pressure and cumulative working time, as well as an interaction between this variable and the bus worker's age.

Ricardo, Cordeiro; Euclydes C., Lima Filho; Frida M., Fischer; Djalma C., Moreira Filho.

10

Multivariate parametric model for the identification of diastolic pressure and pulse pressure components.  

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Arterial pressure variability is a relatively unexplored topic among the various and detailed studies of cardiovascular variability. A deeper analysis of components and contributions carried by diastolic and pulse pressure may provide a unique insight on the potential systemic effects due to vasomotor activity and response at the level of microcirculation, whose dynamics are either driven by neural and vascular modulations. The aim of the present work is to develop a multivariate parametric model for the identification of the main components of diastolic and pulse pressure in order to investigate all the potential correlations between systemic arterial pressure variability and peripheral sources of oscillations and to analyze their interactions with the most known mechanisms of cardiovascular regulation. PMID:18001946

Aletti, Federico; Baselli, Giuseppe; Bassani, Tito; Lucini, Daniela; Pagani, Massimo

2007-01-01

11

Diastolic pressure underestimates age-related hemodynamic impairment.  

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It has been hypothesized that as large arteries become more rigid with age, the pattern of hypertension changes from diastolic to systolic. Thus, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) may lose its ability to reflect the increase in vascular resistance with age. To assess this, we studied the age-related changes in blood pressure pattern and its steady-state and pulsatile determinants. We performed an epidemiological analysis based on a national survey of 10,462 subjects from Argentina. A hemodynamic analysis (impedance cardiography) was then carried out in 636 consecutive hypertensive patients (age, 25 to 74 years). Whereas the rate of increment in the prevalence of mild to moderate hypertension (MMH) reached a plateau after the sixth decade, isolated and borderline systolic forms of hypertension began a steep and sustained rise. Among patients with MMH, DBP remained stable from the third to the seventh decade, whereas SBP maintained a sustained increase. Despite similar DBP, the systemic vascular resistance index increased 47% (P<.01) and the cardiac index decreased 27% (P<.01), whereas the ratio of stroke volume to pulse pressure, an index of arterial compliance, decreased 45% (P<.01). However, there were no significant differences between older patients with MMH and those with isolated systolic hypertension in the level of SBP, vascular resistance, stroke volume, and cardiac index. Compared with age-matched normotensive control subjects, the ratio of stroke volume to pulse pressure was much more reduced in isolated systolic hypertension (48%) than in MMH (30%). In summary, the present study, carried out in a large sample of hypertensive subjects with a wide age range, showed a simultaneous impairment in vascular resistance and arterial compliance associated with aging in different patterns of hypertension. The magnitude of these changes, with opposite effects on DBP but additive effects on SBP, suggests that a hemodynamic mechanism could determine the transition in the prevalence of diastolic hypertension toward a systolic pattern of hypertension with aging. Also, the results suggest that SBP, but not DBP, is a reliable indicator of the underlying hemodynamic abnormalities (high resistance and low arterial compliance) in the elderly. PMID:9336377

Galarza, C R; Alfie, J; Waisman, G D; Mayorga, L M; Cámera, L A; del Río, M; Vasvari, F; Limansky, R; Farías, J; Tessler, J; Cámera, M I

1997-10-01

12

Association between diastolic blood pressure and cumulative work time  

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Full Text Available Diastolic blood pressure was viewed as a generic indicator of aging, and its association with cumulative work time was studied after controlling for age as a potential confounding factor. The study was conducted among production line workers at a Brazilian tannery in July 1993. The association between diastolic blood pressure and cumulative work time was verified by fitting a second-order linear regression model, where diastolic blood pressure was a function of worker's age and cumulative work time. By fitting the model, one can predict that, in the beginning of working life at the tannery, on average each 1-year period is associated with an increase of about 1.5 mmHg in diastolic blood pressure. The fit obtained highlights one component directly associated with work as part of the rate of pressure increase in the study group. This component is twice as high as that directly associated with age.

Cordeiro Ricardo

1999-01-01

13

Analysis of cardiac diastolic function: application in coronary artery disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Separation of systolic and diastolic parameters in gated cardiac blood-pool imaging (RVG) was achieved with the retention of two harmonics in the Fourier-series representation of the time-activity curve. Regional and global analysis of left-ventricular peak filling rate (PFR) and time to peak filling (TPF) was performed in 18 control subjects, 20 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) but with normal RVG (normal regional wall motion and ejection fraction, and 16 CAD patients with abnormal RVG. In regional analysis of CAD patients, the standard deviation of the TPF histogram identified 13/20 (65%) of normal RVG patients and 12/16 (75%) of abnormal RVG patients as abnormal. In global analysis of CAD patients, PFR values identified 10/20 (50%) of normal RVG patients and 11/16 (69%) of abnormal RVG patients as abnormal. Thus, left-ventricular systolic and diastolic parameters can be separately measured with retention of higher-order harmonics in the Fourier transform, and regional inhomogeneity of diastolic filling can be detected in CAD patients with normal resting ejection fraction and wall motion

1983-01-01

14

Relation of coronary flow reserve and diastolic function to fractional pulse pressure in hypertensive patients.  

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Fractional pulse pressure (PPf), is thought to more directly reflect arterial stiffness than pulse pressure. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between coronary flow reserve (CFR), left ventricular diastolic function (LVDf) and PPf in hypertensive patients with normal coronary arteries. Out of 109 hypertensive patients (aged 52.8 ± 9.4 years), with normal coronary angiography, CFR was calculated successfully in 106 patients. CFR was calculated using transthoracic echo Doppler assessment with hyperemia induced by infusion of dipyridamole at a rate of 0.56 mg/kg over 4 minutes, while diastolic function was evaluated by means of transmitral flow and tissue Doppler imaging. PPf was calculated as pulse pressure divided by mean arterial pressure [Systolic blood pressure - Diastolic blood pressure/Mean arterial pressure (SBP - DBP/MAP)], Hypertensive patients with low CFR (n = 54) compared with those with normal CFR (n = 52) exhibited significantly increased PPf (75.2 ± 11.4 vs. 61.5 ± 6.7 P < 0.001). Moreover, patients with higher PPf had significantly decreased transmitral E/A ratio (P < 0.01), as well as increased E/Em ratio (P < 0.01). In hypertensives with low CFR, PPf was negatively correlated with CFR (r = -0.815, P < 0.0001). After applying multivariate linear regression analysis, PPf turned out to be a powerful independent predictor of CFR. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis revealed that a PPf of ?0.63 was the best cutoff value for prediction of CFR <2.0 and E/Em ? 8 (AUC = 0.916 and 0.929 respectively; P < 0.001). Increased PPf was associated with impaired CFR and diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive patients with normal coronary arteries. PPf could be used as a simple non-invasive index for assessment of coronary microcirculation in hypertensives with normal coronary arteries. PMID:23659386

Mahfouz, Ragab A

2013-10-01

15

Left ventricular diastolic function in patients with coronary artery disease  

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In 302 patients with confirmed coronary disease we determined the left ventricular diastolic function with the Nuclear Stethoscope by the aid of the Peak Filling Rate (PFR) and the Time to Peak Filling Rate (TPFR). Moreover we investigated the ejection fraction (EF). 201 patients had already suffered a myocardial infarction, of these 99 an anterior wall and 102 an inferior wall infarction. The remaining 101 patients had a CAD without a history of myocardial infarction. The PFR was 2.19 +- 0.65 EDV/sec in the 99 patients after anterior wall infarction and 2.62 +- 0.85 EDV/sec in the 102 patients after inferior wall infarction and 2.79 +- 0.85 EDV/sec in 101 patients with coronary artery disease without a history of myocardial infarction. For the PFR there could be found a statistically significant difference between normal patients and patients after anterior wall infarction (p < 0.0001), normal patients and patients after inferior wall infarction (p < 0.0001) and normal patients and patients with coronary artery disease (p < 0.0001). The TPFR was 180 +- 37.5 msec after anterior - and 158 +- 50.7 msec after inferior wall infarction and 156 +- 45.2 msec in the patients with CAD without previous infarction. The left ventricular diastolic function (PFR and/or TPFR) was abnormal in 88% after anterior- and in 82% after inferior wall infarction and in 69% in coronary patients without previous myocardial infarction. In comparison with this the ejection fraction was reduced in 66% in anterior- and in 61% inferior wall infarction at rest. These results indicate that the diastolic function at rest appears to be more informative for evaluation of a left ventricular dysfunction than the systolic function at rest.

Brugger, P.T.

1986-08-01

16

Left ventricular diastolic function in patients with coronary artery disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 302 patients with confirmed coronary disease we determined the left ventricular diastolic function with the Nuclear Stethoscope by the aid of the Peak Filling Rate (PFR) and the Time to Peak Filling Rate (TPFR). Moreover we investigated the ejection fraction (EF). 201 patients had already suffered a myocardial infarction, of these 99 an anterior wall and 102 an inferior wall infarction. The remaining 101 patients had a CAD without a history of myocardial infarction. The PFR was 2.19 ± 0.65 EDV/sec in the 99 patients after anterior wall infarction and 2.62 ± 0.85 EDV/sec in the 102 patients after inferior wall infarction and 2.79 ± 0.85 EDV/sec in 101 patients with coronary artery disease without a history of myocardial infarction. For the PFR there could be found a statistically significant difference between normal patients and patients after anterior wall infarction (p < 0.0001), normal patients and patients after inferior wall infarction (p < 0.0001) and normal patients and patients with coronary artery disease (p < 0.0001). The TPFR was 180 ± 37.5 msec after anterior - and 158 ± 50.7 msec after inferior wall infarction and 156 ± 45.2 msec in the patients with CAD without previous infarction. The left ventricular diastolic function (PFR and/or TPFR) was abnormal in 88% after anterior- and in 82% after inferior wall infarction and in 69% in coronary patients without previous myocardial infarction. In comparison with this the ejection fraction was reduced in 66% in anterior- and in 61% inferior wall infarction at rest. These results indicate that the diastolic function at rest appears to be more informative for evaluation of a left ventricular dysfunction than the systolic function at rest. (orig.)

1986-01-01

17

Carotid artery mixing with diastole-phased pulsed drug infusion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Focal injury to the brain or retina is a frequent complication of drug delivery to the internal carotid artery (ICA) and may be due to poor mixing of the drug with blood at the infusion site. Rhesus monkeys were studied to determine whether phased drug delivery during diastole from a modified pulsatile angiographic injector would improve drug mixing in vivo. A radiolabeled flow tracer, carbon-14-iodoantipyrine (14C-IAP), was injected into the ICA of three monkeys in 80-msec pulses, each ending at least 50 msec before the end of local diastole. Local isotope concentration in the brain was determined by quantitative autoradiography. The ratio of highest to lowest concentration was 1.86 +/- 0.26 (mean +/- standard deviation) in the frontoparietal cortex, 1.65 +/- 0.42 in the frontoparietal white matter, 1.89 +/- 0.28 in the temporal cortex, and 1.39 +/- 0.17 in the basal ganglia. These results were similar to recordings in three control animals that received intravenous 14C-IAP to demonstrate complete drug mixing (1.37 +/- 0.12, 1.41 +/- 0.11, 1.70 +/- 0.08, 1.22 +/- 0.24, respectively), and contrasted to findings in five animals which received continuous intracarotid infusions to demonstrate standard ICA drug delivery (4.54 +/- 2.07, 2.94 +/- 1.45, 5.43 +/- 3.57, 3.60 +/- 2.90, respectively). Pulsed intra-arterial infusion during diastole provides a technically simple method for improving intravascular drug mixing, and results in drug delivery to tissue capillaries that is proportional to blood flow

1987-01-01

18

Non-invasive method of determining diastolic intracranial pressure  

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A method is presented for determining diastolic intracranial pressure (ICP) in a patient. A first change in the length of a path across the skull of the patient caused by a known change in ICP is measured and used to determine an elasticity constant for the patient. Next, a second change in the length of the path across the patient's skull occurring between systolic and diastolic portions of the patient's heartbeat is measured. The patient's diastolic ICP is a function of the elasticity constant and the second change.

Yost, William T. (Inventor); Cantrell, Jr., John H. (Inventor); Hargens, Alan R. (Inventor)

2004-01-01

19

Cigarette smoking is associated with increased diastolic blood pressure among Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians.  

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Abstract Objective. Cigarette smoking has been confirmed as a factor influencing arterial blood pressure. In the present study, we studied whether cigarette smoking habits were still associated with arterial blood pressure among Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians. Methods. The present study analyzed data from a survey conducted on all residents aged 90 years or more in the DuJiangYan district (in total 2,311,709 inhabitants) in 2005. Results. The individuals included in the statistical analysis were 216 men and 445 women. Individuals who were heavy smokers (76.62 ± 13.28 mmHg) had higher diastolic blood pressure, compared with medium and light smokers (72.33 ± 12.98 and 70.28 ± 10.31 mmHg) (F = 3.551, p = 0.030). There was a higher prevalence of diastolic hypertension (21.62% vs 5.75% and 7.14%, ?(2 =) 6.302, p = 0.043). Furthermore, there was a higher risk for diastolic hypertension in heavy smokers (OR = 3.886, 95% CI 1.241-12.161) (adjusted) compared with medium (OR = 1.475, 95% CI 0.599-3.360) and light smokers (1.00 reference). There was, however, no significant difference in systolic blood pressure or prevalence of systolic hypertension among the different smoking groups. Conclusions. In summary, we found that among Chinese nonagenarians/centenarians, heavy smoking (current or former) could increase diastolic blood pressure and prevalence of diastolic hypertension, but was not associated with changes in systolic blood pressure. PMID:24131424

Dong-Qing, Zhao; Chang-Quan, Huang; Yan-Ling, Zhang; Bi-Rong, Dong; Qing-Xiu, Liu

2014-06-01

20

Clinical significance of absent or reversed end diastolic velocity waveforms in umbilical artery  

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Doppler ultrasound provides a non invasive method to assess fetal haemodynamics. We looked at the outcome of doppler velocimetry of the umbilical artery in three groups of pregnancies: those with positive end diastolic velocities (PED; n = 214), absent end diastolic velocities (AED; n = 178) and reversed end diastolic velocities (RED; n = 67). We collected our data from 9 European centers. Logistic regression showed that compared with pregnancies with hypertension only, pregnancies complicate...

Todros, Tullia

1994-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Relation of P-S4 interval to left ventricular end-diastolic pressure.  

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Reports have suggested that the interval between P wave onset and the fourth heart sound (P-S4 interval) reflects changes in left ventricular myocardial stiffness. We made simultaneous measurements of the P-S4 or atrial electrogram to S4 (A-S4) interval and left ventricular pressure in 19 patients with coronary artery disease who were studied before and after atrial pacing. Thirteen patients developed angina accompanied by significant rises in their end-diastolic pressure and a consistent dec...

Schapira, J. N.; Fowles, R. E.; Bowden, R. E.; Alderman, E. L.; Popp, R. L.

1982-01-01

22

Changing Relationships Between Skin Blood Flow and Arterial Pressure in Mild Exercise and Recovery.  

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The beat-by-beat variability of heart period (RR), systolic arterial pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) and skin microvascular conductance (G) in the palmar region of 23 healthy volunteers were analyzed during rest (R), clinostatic exercise...

G. Baselli M. Misani S. Cerutti A. Porta L. Dalla Vecchia

2001-01-01

23

THE EFFECT OF OBESITY ON DIASTOLIC FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION  

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Full Text Available The prevalence of obesity is increasing in many developing countries and is followed by many cardiovascular disorders. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of obesity on diastolic function in patients with arterial hypertension. Both obesity and hypertension have influence on diastolic function. The study group was comprised of 93 patients with arterial hypertension: 24 (25,80% were obese, 69 (74,20% were not obese. Obese patients with arterial hypertension and those patients that were not obese with arterial hypertension didn't significantly differ in terms of: age, gender distribution, systolic BP, diastolic BP, heart rate, left atrial volume, EF. Obese patients with arterial hypertension in relation to those that were not obese with arterial hypertension had significantly greater left ventricular mass (p<0,01 and left ventricular mass index (p<0,05. In both groups diastolic function parameters didn't significantly differ. Linear correlation between BMI (body mass index and diastolic function parameters: IVRT, DT i E/A ratio has shown that BMI had significant influence on E/A ratio (p<0,05. No correlation was found between BMI and: IVRT and DT.

Suzana Milutinovic

2004-04-01

24

Change of blood pressure and systolic/diastolic hypertension in Nagasaki A-bomb survivors  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Changes in blood pressure and systolic/diastolic hypertension in Nagasaki A-bomb survivors were surveyed from 1973 to 1982. Systolic hypertension tended to decrease, while diastolic hypertension tended to increase in younger male survivors. The incidence of hypertension tended to decrease or be constant. According to the WHO classification of hypertension, the type of H, in which both diastolic and systolic blood pressures were high, and the type of SH, in which only systolic blood pressure was high, tended to decrease, while the type of DH, in which only diastolic blood pressure was high, tended to increase. (Namekawa, K.)

1984-01-01

25

Usefulness of diastolic phase indexes for the evaluation of coronary artery disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this study, various left ventricular diastolic phase indexes were obtained from gated radionuclide angiography at rest, and their significance was assessed in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). As early diastolic phase indexes, following were calculated during the first third of diastole; filling fraction, maximal filling rate and mean filling rate (1/3 FR-mean). Maximal filling rate during whole diastole was also calculated. Patients were divided into 3 groups; Normal (n=14), Group I: CAD with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and normal wall motion (WM) (n=26) and Group II: CAD with decreased LVEF and/or abnormal WM (n=29). All the diastolic phase indexes correlated well with LVEF (r>=0.725, p-1) was found in 91% of all patients with CAD (81% of Group I, 100% of Group II). Besides, 1/3FR-mean was more sensitive than early systolic phase index to identify myocardial dysfunction. In 22 patients with old myocardial infarction (one vessel disease), the infarction size estimated by myocardial imaging with thallium-201 (Tl-defect score) was compared with diastolic phase indexes, and 1/3FR-mean was found to be highly correlated with T1-defect score (r=0.902, p<0/001). These data suggested that abnormality in early diastolic phase indexes is often present at rest in patients with CAD and these indexes could be sensitive indicators of myocardial dysfunction

1982-09-02

26

Relationship between occupational exposure to lead and local arterial stiffness and left ventricular diastolic function in individuals with arterial hypertension  

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Relationship between occupational exposure to lead and frequency of complications in persons with arterial hypertension has been poorly investigated. This study aimed at evaluation of the relationship between occupational exposure to lead and manifestation of an increased local arterial stiffness and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. The studies included 105 men (mean age: 44.47 ± 9.12 years) with arterial hypertension, treated with hypotensive drugs: group I - men occupationally exposed to lead (n = 53), and group II - men not exposed to lead (n = 52). In echocardiographic examination, the left ventricular diastolic dysfunction was diagnosed significantly more frequently in group I than in group II. In eTracking examination mean values of stiffness parameter (?), augmentation index (AI) and one-point pulse wave velocity (PWV-?) were significantly higher and mean values of arterial compliance (AC) were significantly lower in group I than in group II. The logistic regression showed that in the group of persons with arterial hypertension occupationally exposed to lead a more advanced age, higher blood lead concentration and higher mean values of augmentation index represent independent risk factors of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. The multifactorial regression showed that amongst persons with arterial hypertension occupationally exposed to lead higher blood zinc protoporphyrin concentration, a more advanced age and higher value of body mass index (BMI) represent independent risk factors of an increased local arterial stiffness. In summary, we should note that in the group of persons with arterial hypertension occupationally exposed to lead the study has demonstrated a significantly more frequent manifestation of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and an increase in local arterial stiffness. - Highlights: ? Amongst persons with AH exposed to Pb higher ZnPP represent independent risk factor of increased local arterial stiffness. ? Higher Pb-B represent independent risk factor of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. ? The study has demonstrated a more frequent manifestation of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in group exposed to Pb. ? Also, in this group the study has demonstrated a more frequent manifestation of increase in local arterial stiffness.

2011-08-01

27

Analysis of Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Coronary Artery Disease with Gated Blood Pool Scan  

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Resting gated blood pool scan was used to derive left ventricular functional changes in normals (N=13, mean age=43) and in patients with coronary artery disease (N=50, mean age=53). Peak filling rates, average filling rates, and ejection fractions were significantly depressed m coronary artery disease. (p<0.0005, each other). And in coronary artery disease with normal ejection fraction (N = 21), peak filling rates and average filling rates were depressed also, and peak filling rates of coronary artery disease with normal ejection fraction were abnormal in 61.2% and average filling rates were abnormal in 71.4/. It appears that (1) resting peak filling rates and average filling rates were sensitive and easily obtainable parameters of the diastolic dysfunction associated with coronary artery disease, (2) a significant proportion of coronary artery disease patients without any evidence of abnormal systolic function have depressed resting peak filling rates and average filling rates of the left ventricle.

Choi, Chang Woon; Lim, Sang Moo; Chung, June Key; Lee, Myung Chul; Park, Young Bae; Seo, Joung Don; Lee, Young Woo; Koh, Chang Soon [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1986-09-15

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Analysis of Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Coronary Artery Disease with Gated Blood Pool Scan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Resting gated blood pool scan was used to derive left ventricular functional changes in normals (N=13, mean age=43) and in patients with coronary artery disease (N=50, mean age=53). Peak filling rates, average filling rates, and ejection fractions were significantly depressed m coronary artery disease. (p<0.0005, each other). And in coronary artery disease with normal ejection fraction (N = 21), peak filling rates and average filling rates were depressed also, and peak filling rates of coronary artery disease with normal ejection fraction were abnormal in 61.2% and average filling rates were abnormal in 71.4/. It appears that (1) resting peak filling rates and average filling rates were sensitive and easily obtainable parameters of the diastolic dysfunction associated with coronary artery disease, (2) a significant proportion of coronary artery disease patients without any evidence of abnormal systolic function have depressed resting peak filling rates and average filling rates of the left ventricle.

1986-09-01

29

Phase shifts of synchronized oscillators and the systolic/diastolic blood pressure relation  

CERN Multimedia

We study the phase-synchronization properties of systolic and diastolic arterial pressure in healthy subjects. We find that delays in the oscillatory components of the time series depend on the frequency bands that are considered, in particular we find a change of sign in the phase shift going from the Very Low Frequency band to the High Frequency band. This behavior should reflect a collective behavior of a system of nonlinear interacting elementary oscillators. We prove that some models describing such systems, e.g. the Winfree and the Kuramoto models offer a clue to this phenomenon. For these theoretical models there is a linear relationship between phase shifts and the difference of natural frequencies of oscillators and a change of sign in the phase shift naturally emerges.

Angelini, L; Maestri, R; Marinazzo, D; Nardulli, Giuseppe; Nitti, L; Pellicoro, M; Pinna, G D; Stramaglia, S

2004-01-01

30

Relationship between early diastolic intraventricular pressure gradients, an index of elastic recoil, and improvements in systolic and diastolic function  

Science.gov (United States)

BACKGROUND: Early diastolic intraventricular pressure gradients (IVPGs) have been proposed to relate to left ventricular (LV) elastic recoil and early ventricular "suction." Animal studies have demonstrated relationships between IVPGs and systolic and diastolic indices during acute ischemia. However, data on the effects of improvements in LV function in humans and the relationship to IVPGs are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight patients undergoing CABG and/or infarct exclusion surgery had a triple-sensor high-fidelity catheter placed across the mitral valve intraoperatively for simultaneous recording of left atrial (LA), basal LV, and apical LV pressures. Hemodynamic data obtained before bypass were compared with those with similar LA pressures and heart rates obtained after bypass. From each LV waveform, the time constant of LV relaxation (tau), +dP/dt(max), and -dP/dt(max) were determined. Transesophageal echocardiography was used to determined end-diastolic (EDV) and end-systolic (ESV) volumes and ejection fractions (EF). At similar LA pressures and heart rates, IVPG increased after bypass (before bypass 1.64+/-0.79 mm Hg; after bypass 2.67+/-1.25 mm Hg; PEDV (IVPG=-0.027[EDV]+4.30, r=-0.70). Improvements in IVPGs correlated with improvements in apical tau (Deltatau =5.93[DeltaIVPG]+4.76, r=0.91) and basal tau (Deltatau =2.41[DeltaIVPG]+5.13, r=-0.67). Relative changes in IVPGs correlated with changes in ESV (DeltaESV=-0.97[%DeltaIVPG]+23.34, r=-0.79), EDV (DeltaEDV=-1.16[%DeltaIVPG]+34.92, r=-0.84), and EF (DeltaEF=0.38[%DeltaIVPG]-8.39, r=0.85). CONCLUSIONS: Improvements in LV function also increase IVPGs. These changes in IVPGs, suggestive of increases in LV suction and elastic recoil, correlate directly with improvements in LV relaxation and ESV.

Firstenberg, M. S.; Smedira, N. G.; Greenberg, N. L.; Prior, D. L.; McCarthy, P. M.; Garcia, M. J.; Thomas, J. D.

2001-01-01

31

Does respiratory sinus arrhythmia serve a buffering role for diastolic pressure fluctuations?  

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Though many consider the magnitude of respiratory sinus arrhythmia as an index of cardiac vagal control, its physiological origins remain unclear. One influential model postulates that the systolic pressure rise within a given beat stimulates the baroreflex arc to adjust the following heart period such that diastolic pressure is “stabilized” and hence displays lesser fluctuation. Accordingly, the magnitude of diastolic pressure fluctuations with respiration should change reciprocally afte...

2010-01-01

32

CIRCANNUAL VARIATION IN HUMAN DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE DURING CONSECUTIVE SOLAR CYCLES  

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Putative circadecadal modulations of a circannual variation in diastolic blood pressure are explored in a still accumulating 35 year record of self-measurements by a clinically healthy man. Analyses of monthly means by gliding spectra, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and cosinor were carried out after removing data collected during travel across time zones or during illness. An about yearly change in diastolic blood pressure may or may not be detected with statistical significance by co...

Sothern, R. B.; Corne?lissen, G.; Katinas, G.; Mitsutake, G.; Nintcheu-fata, S.; Siegelova?, J.; Fis?er, B.; Homolka, P.; Vank, P.; Halberg, F.

2005-01-01

33

Arterial blood pressure analysis based on scattering transform II  

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"Arterial blood pressure analysis based on scattering transform I" introduces a new method based on the scattering transform for a one dimensional Schrödinger equation to reconstruct the arterial blood pressure waves and separate its systolic and diastolic parts. In this article, we propose to analyse the parameters computed from this technique in different clinical and physiological conditions. Two cases are considered: moderate chronic heart failure and high fit triathlets. The variability...

Laleg, Taous-meriem; Me?digue, Claire; Cottin, Franc?ois; Sorine, Michel

2007-01-01

34

Casein improves brachial and central aortic diastolic blood pressure in overweight adolescents: a randomised, controlled trial  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Arterial stiffness, blood pressure (BP) and blood lipids may be improved by milk in adults and the effects may be mediated via proteins. However, limited is known about the effects of milk proteins on central aortic BP and no studies have examined the effects in children. Therefore, the present trial examined the effect of milk and milk proteins on brachial and central aortic BP, blood lipids, inflammation and arterial stiffness in overweight adolescents. A randomised controlled trial was conducted in 193 overweight adolescents aged 12â??15 years. They were randomly assigned to drink 1 litre of water, skimmed milk, whey or casein for 12 weeks. The milk-based test drinks contained 35 g protein/l. The effects were compared with the water group and a pretest control group consisting of thirty-two of the adolescents followed 12 weeks before the start of the intervention. Outcomes were brachial and central aortic BP, pulse wave velocity and augmentation index, serum C-reactive protein and blood lipids. Brachial and central aortic diastolic BP (DBP) decreased by 2·7% (P= 0·036) and 2·6% (P = 0·048), respectively, within the casein group and the changes were significantly different from those of the pretest control group (P = 0·040 and P = 0·034, respectively). There was a significant increase in central aortic DBP, and in brachial and central systolic BP in the whey group compared with the water group (P = 0·003, P= 0·009 and P = 0·002, respectively). There were no changes in measures of arterial stiffness or blood lipid concentrations. A high intake of casein improves DBP in overweight adolescents. Thus, casein may be beneficial for younger overweight subjects in terms of reducing the longterm risk of CVD. In contrast, whey protein seems to increase BP compared with drinking water; however, water may be considered an active control group.

Arnberg, Karina; Larnkjær, Anni

2013-01-01

35

Association of Anemia With Diastolic Dysfunction Among Patients With Coronary Artery Disease in the Heart and Soul Study  

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We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate the association of anemia with diastolic dysfunction and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in outpatients who had coronary artery disease. Logistic regression was used to examine the association of blood hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations with diastolic dysfunction and LVH in 822 participants in the Heart and Soul Study who had normal sinus rhythm and preserved systolic function (left ventricular ejection fraction ?50%). Using transthoracic echo...

Nair, Deepu; Shlipak, Michael G.; Angeja, Brad; Liu, Haiying H.; Schiller, Nelson B.; Whooley, Mary A.

2005-01-01

36

Comparison of the effect of pressure loading on left ventricular size, systolic and diastolic function in canines with left ventricular dysfunction with preserved and reduced ejection fraction  

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Abstract Background Decompensated heart failure may present with severe hypertension in patients with preserved (PreEF) or reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (RedEF) and is clinically indistinguishable. Previously, we demonstrated that arterial pressure elevation increases LV filling pressures in a canine model of chronic LV dysfunction with PreEF or RedEF. It is not clear whether any differences in hemodynamics, LV volume or performance, or diastolic function ca...

Lavine Steven J; Conetta Donald A

2008-01-01

37

Association between diastolic blood pressure and cumulative work time Associação entre pressão diastólica e tempo de serviço  

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Diastolic blood pressure was viewed as a generic indicator of aging, and its association with cumulative work time was studied after controlling for age as a potential confounding factor. The study was conducted among production line workers at a Brazilian tannery in July 1993. The association between diastolic blood pressure and cumulative work time was verified by fitting a second-order linear regression model, where diastolic blood pressure was a function of worker's age and cumulative wor...

Ricardo Cordeiro; Euclydes Custódio de Lima Filho

1999-01-01

38

Evaluación de la función diastólica durante y post-ejercicio isométrico en pacientes con hipertensión arterial / Evaluation of diastolic function during and post-exercise in patients with arterial hypertension  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Es conocido que los pacientes con hipertrofia ventricular por hipertensión arterial presentan alteraciones diastólicas, particularmente durante el ejercicio. Sin embargo, es controvertido si luego del esfuerzo esta disfunción se normaliza. El objetivo fue evaluar la función diastólica durante y desp [...] ués de la realización de ejercicio, en pacientes con hipertensión arterial. Se estudiaron 6 pacientes controles (grupo 1, G1) y 7 con diagnóstico de hipertensión arterial (Grupo 2, G2). Los pacientes fueron sometidos a un cateterismo cardíaco y realizaron ejercicio isométrico durante el estudio, hasta que la frecuencia cardíaca se incrementó un 43±7% (p Abstract in english It is known that patients with arterial hypertension and ventricular hypertrophy have diastolic alterations, in particular during exercise. However, it is controversial if diastolic dysfunction continues once exercise had concluded. The objective was to assess the effects of isometric exercise on th [...] e diastolic function in patients with arterial hypertension. Five control patients (group 1, G1) and 7 patients with arterial hyper-tension (group 2, G2) were studied. All patients underwent cardiac catheterization and performed isometric exercise until heart rate increased 43±7%. Left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) were measured. We calculated, +dP/dt max, the time constant of isovolumic pressure decay (tau) and t1/2 were all measured. Results: The LVSP increased in G1 and G2 during exercise from 140±3 to 195±14 mm Hg (p

Pascua, Andrés; Donato, Martín; Borrego, Carlos; Gabay, José; Berrocal, Daniel; Gelpi, Ricardo J.; Grinfeld, Liliana.

39

EFFECT OF GENDER DIFFERENCE AND CIRCADIAN RHYTHM ON DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE FOR VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of gender difference and circadian rhythm on diastolic blood pressure for volleyball players. METHODS: To achieve the purpose, a total of thirty volleyball players [men (n = 15 and women (n = 15] age between 19 years and 22 years from Einstein College of Engineering, Tamil Nadu, India were selected as subjects. The two independent variables of gender and circadian variations and dependent variable of diastolic blood pressure were selected for this study. The experimental design used was static group factorial design. The data were collected at 02:00, 06:00, 10:00, 14:00, 18:00 and 22:00 hours on diastolic blood pressure by using Erkameter during the academic year of 2009 – 2010. Collected data were subjected to statistical analysis by using two-way factorial (2 x 6 Analysis of Variance (ANOVA and Cosinor analysis. RESULTS: There was insignificant difference between genders, significant difference at different times of the day and insignificant circadian rhythmicity exists on diastolic blood pressure for women and significant for men. CONCLUSION: It is recommended to the physical educators to adopt the findings of this study while planning to improve sports skills for the players and athletes.

I. Rajagopal

2011-04-01

40

P505Neuregulin-1 ameliorates right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in pulmonary arterial hypertension.  

Science.gov (United States)

Neuregulin (NRG)-1 is involved in the preservation of left ventricular performance. Nevertheless, the role of NRG-1 in pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH) and right ventricular(RV) diastolic stiffness is unknown. We analysed the presence and possible underlying mechanisms of RV diastolic dysfunction in an animal model of PAH and the role of NRG-1 in this context. Wistar rats randomly received monocrotaline (MCT,60mg/Kg,sc) or vehicle. After 14 days, rats received NRG-1 (40ug/Kg/day,ip) or vehicle. The study resulted in 4 groups: control(CTRL,n=16); CTRL+NRG(n=15); MCT(n=13); MCT+NRG(n=18). RV invasive hemodynamic studies and sample collection were performed 25-28 days after MCT administration. Isolated cardiomyocytes were stretched to measure resting tension and phosphorylation of titin isoforms was analyzed (ProQ Diamond and SYPRO Ruby protein gel stains). Only significant results (psarcomere lengths of 2.0 (MCT vs CTRL:1.90±0.43 vs 1.43±0.29N/m2), 2.2 (MCT vs CTRL:3.66±0.69 vs 2.68±0.24N/m2), and 2.3?m (MCT vs CTRL: 5.76±1.15 vs 3.86±0.87N/m2). NRG-1 restored passive force development to levels similar to the CTRL-group, at 2.0, 2.2, and 2.3?m (MCT+NRG:1.28±0.25, 3.04±0.55, and 3.63±0.89N/m2, respectively). CTRL+NRG-group cells developed less passive force compared to CTRL-group (CTRL+NRG:1.16±0.31, 2.27±0.38, and 3.05±0.54N/m2, at 2.0, 2.2, and 2.3?m respectively). Titin phosphorylation was reduced in RV tissue of MCT rats (MCT vs CTRL:1.06±0.38 vs 1.62±0.85,arbitrary units) and increased in MCT+NRG group (2.28±0.61). RV diastolic stiffness is increased in MCT rats, with important contributions from increased fibrosis and intrinsic stiffening of the RV cardiomyocyte sarcomeres. NRG-1 treatment decreases the passive force and thus myocardial stiffness, either in rats with RV hypertrophy or in healthy animals. These findings show that NRG-1 pathway regulates systolic and diastolic function at the cellular level, suggesting a potential therapeutic role of this pathway in PAH. PMID:25020886

Adao, R; Mendes-Ferreira, P; Hamdani, N; Maia-Rocha, C; Mendes, Mj; Falcao-Pires, I; De Keulenaer, Gw; Linke, W; Leite-Moreira, Af; Bras-Silva, C

2014-07-15

 
 
 
 
41

Coronary Flow Reserve Predicts Cardiopulmonary Fitness in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Independently of Systolic and Diastolic Function  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Despite revascularization and optimal medical treatment, patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have reduced exercise capacity. In the absence of coronary artery stenosis, coronary flow reserve (CFR) is a measure of coronary microvascular function, and a marker of future poor outcome in CAD patients. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship among CFR, systolic and diastolic function, peripheral vascular function, and cardiopulmonary fitness in CAD patients.

Snoer, Martin; Olsen, Rasmus Huan

2013-01-01

42

Evaluation of the Effect of Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention as a Treatment Method on the Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an excellent therapy for coronary artery disease, there is a paucity of information on the efficacy of PCI in improving diastolic function, especially in Iran. Because of the high prevalence of left diastolic dysfunction in coronary artery disease patients and its probable progression to heart failure, an evaluation of the role of PCI in improving diastolic function is required.Methods: Thirty patients scheduled for elective PCI...

2010-01-01

43

Differences in circadian time structure of diastolic blood pressure between diabetes mellitus and essential hypertension  

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Abstract Background Abnormal circadian blood pressure patterns have been associated with cardiovascular disease in diabetes mellitus. We have described that the acrophase of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) registered in type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients was significantly earlier than normal and DBP ecphasia was more pronounced in patients with lower heart rate variability during deep breathing. The aim of this study was to compare the circadian rhythm characteristics of BP among ...

Matteucci Elena; Della Bartola Luca; Giampietro Ottavio

2012-01-01

44

Systolic and diastolic blood pressure lowering as determinants of cardiovascular outcome  

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Based on individual patient data, we performed a quantitative overview of trials in hypertension to investigate to what extent lowering of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) contributed to cardiovascular prevention. We selected trials that tested active antihypertensive drugs against placebo or no treatment. Our analyses included 12,903 young (30 to 49 years of age) patients randomized in 3 trials and 14,324 old (60 to 79 years of age) and 1209 very old (> or =80...

Wang, Ji-guang; Staessen, Jan A.; Franklin, Stanley S.; Fagard, Robert; Gueyffier, Franc?ois

2005-01-01

45

Segregation analysis of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in Middle Dalmatia Island population.  

Science.gov (United States)

A complex segregation analysis of systolic and diastolic blood pressure has been performed on pedigree data from rural populations inhabiting Middle Dalmatian islands of Brac, Hvar and Korcula and the Peljesac peninsula. The purpose of the performed analysis was to possibly elucidate a signal of a large-effect gene responsible for high prevalence of hypertension present in this population (the age-adjusted prevalence of developed hypertension being 31.82% in males and 28.23% in females). The analysis was performed on a sample of 389 two- and three-generation families consisting of 2 to 19 observed individuals (1126 examinees in total, 526 males and 600 females, aged 17 to 83). Since the examinees were randomly selected from census data encompassing 22.6% of the total population--the family relations having been established afterwards--the selected sample can be considered representative for the examined populations. By applying the usual transmission probability tests, the major gene model has been accepted for systolic as well as for diastolic blood pressure. The most parsimonious models showed that: (a) inheritance of blood pressure in the Middle Dalmatia population can be attributed to the effect of a major gene responsible for 34% (systolic) and 36% (diastolic) blood pressure variation; (b) alleles of that major gene act in co-dominant fashion; (c) allele frequency for high blood pressure (A2) is 18% (systolic) and 15% (diastolic blood pressure); and (d) the residual (non-major gene) familial correlation is negligible and can be constrained to zero. Since the results are also indicating heterogeneity within the sample in the genetic determination of the systolic blood pressure, the obtained results thus justify further search for the most promising subpopulation for incoming genetic epidemiological investigations of hypertension. PMID:16117340

Skari?-Juri?, Tatjana; Ginsburg, Emil; Kobyliansky, Eugene; Malkin, Ida; Barbali?, Maja; Perici?, Marijana; Milici?, Jasna; Smolej Naranci?, Nina; Rudan, Pavao

2005-06-01

46

Arterial Pressure Monitoring in Mice  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The use of mice for the evaluation and study of cardiovascular pathophysiology is growing rapidly, primarily due to the relative ease for developing genetically engineered mouse models. Arterial pressure monitoring is central to the evaluation of the phenotypic changes associated with cardiovascular pathology and interventions in these transgenic and knockout models. There are four major techniques for measuring arterial pressure in the mouse: tail cuff system, implanted fluid filled catheter...

2011-01-01

47

Arterial stiffness as underlying mechanism of disagreement between an oscillometric blood pressure monitor and a sphygmomanometer  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Oscillometric blood pressure devices tend to overestimate systolic blood pressure and underestimate diastolic blood pressure compared with sphygmomanometers. Recent studies indicate that discrepancies in performance between these devices may differ between healthy and diabetic subjects. Arterial stiffness in diabetics could be the underlying factor explaining these differences. We studied differences between a Dinamap ...

Popele, N. M-l; Bos, W. J.; Beer, N. A.; Kuip, D. A.; Grobbee, D. E.; Witteman, J. C. M.; Hofman, A.

2000-01-01

48

Evaluación de la función diastólica durante y post-ejercicio isométrico en pacientes con hipertensión arterial Evaluation of diastolic function during and post-exercise in patients with arterial hypertension  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Es conocido que los pacientes con hipertrofia ventricular por hipertensión arterial presentan alteraciones diastólicas, particularmente durante el ejercicio. Sin embargo, es controvertido si luego del esfuerzo esta disfunción se normaliza. El objetivo fue evaluar la función diastólica durante y después de la realización de ejercicio, en pacientes con hipertensión arterial. Se estudiaron 6 pacientes controles (grupo 1, G1 y 7 con diagnóstico de hipertensión arterial (Grupo 2, G2. Los pacientes fueron sometidos a un cateterismo cardíaco y realizaron ejercicio isométrico durante el estudio, hasta que la frecuencia cardíaca se incrementó un 43±7% (pIt is known that patients with arterial hypertension and ventricular hypertrophy have diastolic alterations, in particular during exercise. However, it is controversial if diastolic dysfunction continues once exercise had concluded. The objective was to assess the effects of isometric exercise on the diastolic function in patients with arterial hypertension. Five control patients (group 1, G1 and 7 patients with arterial hyper-tension (group 2, G2 were studied. All patients underwent cardiac catheterization and performed isometric exercise until heart rate increased 43±7%. Left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP and end diastolic pressure (LVEDP were measured. We calculated, +dP/dt max, the time constant of isovolumic pressure decay (tau and t1/2 were all measured. Results: The LVSP increased in G1 and G2 during exercise from 140±3 to 195±14 mm Hg (p<0.05 and 161±9 to 238±15 mm Hg, respectively; returning to their basal values once exercise had concluded. The tau (t and t1/2 increased, while exercising in G2, from 23±2 and 15±2 msec to 35±7 and 23±4 msec, respectively. After exercise both variables continued elevated reaching 41±6 msec (p<0.05 and 23±3 msec (p<0.05, respectively. In conclusion, isometric exercise decreases relaxation rate and increases LVEDP in patients with arterial hypertension and ventricular hypertrophy. After exercise, isovolumic relaxation remained altered suggesting the presence of stunned myocardium.

Andrés Pascua

2006-10-01

49

Double product response and diastolic blood pressure in treadmill, stationary bicycle and muscular circuit exercises  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Among the various causes for cardiovascular problems affecting the world population nowadays, the most relevant risk factors is sedentary lifestyle. Many studies have been carried out to analyse and elucidate main adaptations on the cardiovascular system stimulated by different sorts of exercises.In this way, this study had aimed at comparing the acute response of double product (DP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP after treadmill (TRM, stationary bicycle (BIC or muscle circuit training (MCT exercises. Nine individuals (6 women and 3 men exercised at 60% of heart rate reserve (HRR on the TRM and BIC and at 60% of one repetition maximum (1RM in MCT. The results showed that pre- and post-effort DP were significantly difference in all three exercises. However, DP did not differ among exercise types. The hypotensive DBP pos-effort response was greater in MCT. According to the results, it was concluded that there is no difference on the heart work demand rate estimated by DP among the three exercises and MCT at 60% 1RM provokes a greater hypotensive DBP post-effort response. . Resumo Entre as diversas causas de problemas cardiovasculares que afetam a população mundial, na atualidade, o sedentarismo é apontado como um dos fatores de risco mais relevantes. Vários estudos têm se preocupado em analisar e esclarecer as principais adaptações provocadas pelos diferentes tipos de exercícios sobre o sistema cardiovascular. Seguindo esta linha o presente trabalho teve como objetivo analisar e comparar a resposta aguda do duplo produto (DP e a pressão arterial diastólica (PAD em exercício de esteira, bicicleta estacionária e circuito na musculação. Foram avaliados nove indivíduos sendo seis mulheres e três homens, na esteira, a 60% da freqüência cardíaca de reserva (FCR, na bicicleta estacionária, a 60% FCR e circuito de musculação a 60% de 1 repetição máxima (1RM. Os resultados encontrados apresentaram diferença significativa do DP pré e pós esforço nos três exercícios. Quando comparado, o DP obtido pós esforço, nos três exercícios, não houve diferença significativa. A resposta hipotensiva da PAD pós-esforço foi mais acentuada após exercício de circuito em musculação, quando comparada com as outras modalidades exercício analisadas. De acordo com os procedimentos metodológicos adotados e os resultados obtidos, concluiu-se que não há diferença na taxa de exigência de trabalho do miocárdio entre os três exercicios analisados e que o circuito de musculação, a 60% 1RM, provoca uma maior resposta hipotensiva da PAD pós-esforço.

Leandro Teixeira Paranhos Lopes

2006-08-01

50

Double product response and diastolic blood pressure in treadmill, stationary bicycle and muscular circuit exercises  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Among the various causes for cardiovascular problems affecting the world population nowadays, the most relevant risk factors is sedentary lifestyle. Many studies have been carried out to analyse and elucidate main adaptations on the cardiovascular system stimulated by different sorts of exercises.In this way, this study had aimed at comparing the acute response of double product (DP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP after treadmill (TRM, stationary bicycle (BIC or muscle circuit training (MCT exercises. Nine individuals (6 women and 3 men exercised at 60% of heart rate reserve (HRR on the TRM and BIC and at 60% of one repetition maximum (1RM in MCT. The results showed that pre- and post-effort DP were significantly difference in all three exercises. However, DP did not differ among exercise types. The hypotensive DBP pos-effort response was greater in MCT. According to the results, it was concluded that there is no difference on the heart work demand rate estimated by DP among the three exercises and MCT at 60% 1RM provokes a greater hypotensive DBP post-effort response. RESUMO Entre as diversas causas de problemas cardiovasculares que afetam a população mundial, na atualidade, o sedentarismo é apontado como um dos fatores de risco mais relevantes. Vários estudos têm se preocupado em analisar e esclarecer as principais adaptações provocadas pelos diferentes tipos de exercícios sobre o sistema cardiovascular. Seguindo esta linha o presente trabalho teve como objetivo analisar e comparar a resposta aguda do duplo produto (DP e a pressão arterial diastólica (PAD em exercício de esteira, bicicleta estacionária e circuito na musculação. Foram avaliados nove indivíduos sendo seis mulheres e três homens, na esteira, a 60% da freqüência cardíaca de reserva (FCR, na bicicleta estacionária, a 60% FCR e circuito de musculação a 60% de 1 repetição máxima (1RM. Os resultados encontrados apresentaram diferença significativa do DP pré e pós esforço nos três exercícios. Quando comparado, o DP obtido pós esforço, nos três exercícios, não houve diferença significativa. A resposta hipotensiva da PAD pós-esforço foi mais acentuada após exercício de circuito em musculação, quando comparada com as outras modalidades exercício analisadas. De acordo com os procedimentos metodológicos adotados e os resultados obtidos, concluiu-se que não há diferença na taxa de exigência de trabalho do miocárdio entre os três exercicios analisados e que o circuito de musculação, a 60% 1RM, provoca uma maior resposta hipotensiva da PAD pós-esforço.

Elmiro Santos Resende

2006-06-01

51

Early diastolic left ventricular inflow pressures in normal subjects and patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Reconstruction from pulsed Doppler echocardiography.  

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OBJECTIVE--To estimate early diastolic left ventricular inflow pressures in normal subjects and patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, and thus to assess the potential effect of restoring forces. METHODS--Early diastolic left ventricular inflow pressures were reconstructed using the ventricular blood as an accelerometer, by measuring velocity at 1 cm intervals within the left ventricle from mitral ring to apex by pulsed Doppler echocardiography, and differentiating the records to obtain the ac...

1995-01-01

52

Reduction in diastolic blood pressure and cardiovascular mortality in nondiabetic hypertensive patients. A reanalysis of the HOT study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: To use published Hypertension Optimal Treatment (HOT) Study data to evaluate changes in cardiovascular mortality in nondiabetic hypertensive patients according to the degree of reduction in their diastolic blood pressure. METHODS: In the HOT Study, 18,700 patients from various centers were allocated at random to groups having different objectives of for diastolic blood pressure: <=90 (n=6264); <=85 (n=6264); <=80mmHg (n=6262). Felodipine was the basic drug used. Other antihypertens...

Lopes Antonio Alberto; Andrade Jadelson; Noblat Antonio Carlos Beisl; Silveira Marco Antonio

2001-01-01

53

Resting early peak diastolic filling rate: a sensitive index of myocardial dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Resting first-pass radionuclide angiocardiography (RNA) was used to derive left-ventricular (LV) peak diastolic filling rates (PFR) in normals (Group 1:N . 12) and in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), both without (Group 2:N . 27) and with previous myocardial infarction (Group 3:N . 23). Resting peak filling rates were significantly depressed in both Group 2 (1.61 +/- 0.36; p less than 0.01) and Group 3 (1:35 +/- 0.26; p less than 0.001) patients when compared with Group 1, normals (2.14 +/- 0.63). Even though LV systolic function of Group 2 patients was normal and comparable to that in Group 1 (EF . 0.55 +/- 0.06 against EF 0.55 +/- 0.06 NS), diastolic dysfunction [PFR less than 1.61 end diastolic volume/sec (EDV/sec)] was present at rest in 14 of 27 (52%). Depressed PFR values was also seen in 20 of 23 Group 3 patients (87%). It appears that (a) resting PFR is a sensitive and easily obtainable parameter of the diastolic dysfunction associated with CAD; (b) abnormal PFR values are seen in almost all patients with previous myocardial damage, and (c) a significant proportion of CAD patients without any evidence of abnormal systolic function have depressed resting PFR of the LV

1982-01-01

54

Correlation of arterial blood pressure and compliance with left ventricular structure and function in the very elderly  

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There are very little data on the relationship between systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), arterial compliance and left ventricular structure and function, particularly left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in the very elderly (>75 years). SBP and arterial stiffness increase with age, and the question is: which of the two is the main stimulus to LV hypertrophy? This is a cross-sectional study to compare blood pressure and arterial stiffness measures with regard to thei...

Rosendorff, Clive; Go, Orson; Schmeidler, James; Silverman, Jeremy M.; Beeri, Michal S.

2012-01-01

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Higher diastolic blood pressure at admission and antiedema therapy is associated with acute kidney injury in acute ischemic stroke patients  

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Full Text Available Hasan Micozkadioglu Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine Hospital of Adana, Baskent University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey Abstract: Antiedema therapy with mannitol and furosemide is widely used for prevention and management of cerebral edema, elevated intracranial pressure, and cerebral hernia. There are some reports about mannitol and furosemide as risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI. We investigated the risk factors for AKI including antiedema therapy in acute ischemic stroke patients. The subjects were 129 patients with acute ischemic stroke including 56 females and 73 males with a mean age 68.16±12.29 years. Patients were divided into two groups: patients with AKI and without AKI according to Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria. All patients had undergone cranial, carotid, and vertebral artery evaluation with magnetic resonance imaging. The number of patients with AKI was 14 (10.9%. Subjects experiencing atrial fibrillation (P=0.043 and higher diastolic blood pressure (DBP (P=0.032 treated with mannitol (P=0.019 and furosemide (P=0.019 disclosed significant association with AKI. Regression analysis revealed that higher DBP (P=0.029 and management with mannitol (P=0.044 were the risk factors for AKI. Higher DBP at admission is the most important risk factor for AKI. However antiedema therapy should be used carefully in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Serum creatinine levels or estimated glomerular filtration rate should be watched frequently to prevent AKI. Keywords: furosemide, mannitol, renal failure, cerebrovascular disease

Micozkadioglu H

2014-02-01

56

Blood pressure evaluation using sphygmomanometry assisted by arterial pulse waveform detection by fiber Bragg grating pulse device.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a blood pressure evaluation methodology by recording the radial arterial pulse waveform in real time using a fiber Bragg grating pulse device (FBGPD). Here, the pressure responses of the arterial pulse in the form of beat-to-beat pulse amplitude and arterial diametrical variations are monitored. Particularly, the unique signatures of pulse pressure variations have been recorded in the arterial pulse waveform, which indicate the systolic and diastolic blood pressure while the patient is subjected to the sphygmomanometric blood pressure examination. The proposed method of blood pressure evaluation using FBGPD has been validated with the auscultatory method of detecting the acoustic pulses (Korotkoff sounds) by an electronic stethoscope. PMID:23804218

Sharath, Umesh; Sukreet, Raju; Apoorva, Girish; Asokan, Sundarrajan

2013-06-01

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Combine proper exercise and regular taking antihypertensive medicine was better to lower diastolic blood pressure among diastolic prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects  

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Full Text Available Aim To prove that proper exercise and taking antihypertensive medicine may reduce diastolic blood pressure (DBP by ? 5 mmHg.Method A quasi-experimentation study was done on employees of a government bureau in Jakarta, for 8 weeks from March to August 2008. All prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects were detected through a survey prior to the quasi-experimentation study. A talk was given at the beginning of the quasi-experimentation study, and weekly counseling sessions on exercise, taking medications, and other related topics continued for 8 weeks. Cox regression was used for calculating relative risk.Results A total 1,016 employees out of 1,300 were involved in this blood pressure survey. Of these, 318 subjects had a DBP of 80 mmHg or more. Out of 120 subjects who voluntarily participated, 104 subjects completed the quasi-experimentation study. Compared to those who did not exercise properly and did not take antihypertensive medicines, subjects who did exercise properly and took medicines regularly had a lower diastolic blood pressure DBP ? 5 mmHg by more than 12-fold [adjusted relative risk (RRa = 12.32; 95% confidence interval (CI = 0,65-234,54; P = 0.095. However subjects who exercised properly or took antyhypertensive medicines irregularly were found to lower their DBP ? 5 mmHg by almost 11 fold [adjusted relative risk (RRa = 10.94; 95% confidence interval (CI = 2.04-58.74]; P = 0.005. Subjects with DBP = 90-99mmHg had a decrease of DBP ? 5 mmHg 4.8 fold (RRa = 4.75; 95% CI = 1.19-18.65 compared to those with DBP = 80-89mmHg. Compared to the normal subjects, the obese, resting pulse rate bradycardia, and high average pulse pressure subjects had less probability of lowering DBP ? 5mmHg, by 87%, 90%, and 65%, respectively.Conclusion Combine proper exercise and taking antihypertensive medicine was reduce DBP by ?5 mmHg among DBP (pre- hypertensive subjects. The obese, bradycardia, or high pulse pressure subjects failed to lowering their DBP ?5 mmHg by proper exercise and taking antihypertensive medicine. (Med J Indones 2009;19:191-8Key words: decreased diastolic blood pressure, exercise, medicine intake

Ermita I. Ilyas

2010-08-01

58

Reconstruction of brachial pressure from finger arterial pressure during orthostasis  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

In patients with recurrent syncope, monitoring of intra-arterial pressure during orthostatic stress testing is recommended because of the potentially sudden and rapid development of hypotension. Replacing brachial arterial pressure (BAP) by the non-invasively obtained finger arterial pressure (FinAP) has advantages because catheterization in itself may provoke a syncope.

Bogert, Lysander W J; Harms, Mark P M

2004-01-01

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Correlation of radiological assessment of congestive heart failure with left ventricular end-diastolic pressure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) has been considered a reliable indicator of left ventricular function. The purpose of this study was to correlate the radiologic assessment of congestive heart failure with LVEDP. The population of the study consisted of 85 consecutive cases in four ranges of LVEDP (24). The PA chest radiographs obtained 1 day prior to cardiac catherization were assessed for radiological evidence of congestive heart failure and were graded from normal to abnormal (0-3). The results will be summarized in the authors' presentation. The discordance of radiological assessment of congestive heart failure in patients with elevated LVEDP will be discussed in light of recent advances in pathophysiologic understanding of left ventricular function and the impact of new classes of drugs in the management of these patients

1988-12-02

60

The technique of detecting systolic and diastolic pressure from the transducer output of a PC-based blood pressure monitoring system.  

Science.gov (United States)

A pressure to voltage transducer is used along with a cuff, in a PC-based blood pressure and pulse rate monitoring system for human body. During the blood pressure measurement cycle, the output voltage of the pressure to voltage transducer is recorded digitally using a data acquisition system. The recorded data are then analyzed using software routines to determine the blood pressure and pulse rate of the person under test. However, it is difficult to identify the points of systole and diastole correctly from the recorded data. This paper presents the technique that may be used to determine the systolic and diastolic pressure from the collected data. PMID:17891676

Rahman, M S; Parveen, R; Kabir, K H

2007-12-01

 
 
 
 
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Mechanism of depressed left ventricular early diastolic filling in patients with coronary artery disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Multigated blood pool imaging with Tc-99m were obtained at rest at modified LAO. LV was divided from its geometric center and regional time activity curves (TACs) at septal (LAD distribution) and postero-lateral (non-ischemic) regions were obtained as well as global TACs. From global and regional TACs, global filling rate (1/3 FRm) and regional filling rate (R-FR) were calculated during the first third of diastole of each TAC. Patients with CAD were divided into Group I (n=10, without myocardial infarction) and Group II (n=8, with old anterior infarction). In Group II, reduced septal regional EF was observed and it was accompanied with compensatory augumentation of postero-lateral regional EF. In both CAD groups, global 1/3 FRm and septal R-FR reduced significantly compared with those of normal subjects(Septal R-FR; 2.15+-0.38 sec"-"1 in normal subjects, 1.49+-0.26 sec"-"1 in Group I, 1.72+-0.19 sec"-"1 in Group II), but postero-lateral R-FRs were not different from normal subjects. In Group II, end-ejection in the septal region delayed strikingly (50+-25 msec) and when R-FR was calculated at the same timing as global 1/3 FRm, it reduced significantly (0.83+-0.32 sec"-"1). But in Group I, delay of septal end-ejection was minimal (15+-13 msec) and R-FR did not change when it was measured at the same timing as global 1/3 FRm. These results suggest followings; in Group II, reduced LV early diastolic filling were caused by asynchronous LV filling as well as impaired diastolic filling of diseased myocardium, while in Group I, it was caused by reduced diastolic filling itself. Besides, no compensatory augumentation of diastolic filling in nonischemic myocardium may be a cause of early appearance of reduced diastolic filling in patients with CAD. (J.P.N.)

1985-01-01

62

Arterial blood pressure measurement and pulse wave analysis—their role in enhancing cardiovascular assessment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The most common method of clinical measurement of arterial blood pressure is by means of the cuff sphygmomanometer. This instrument has provided fundamental quantitative information on arterial pressure in individual subjects and in populations and facilitated estimation of cardiovascular risk related to levels of blood pressure obtained from the brachial cuff. Although the measurement is taken in a peripheral limb, the values are generally assumed to reflect the pressure throughout the arterial tree in large conduit arteries. Since the arterial pressure pulse becomes modified as it travels away from the heart towards the periphery, this is generally true for mean and diastolic pressure, but not for systolic pressure, and so pulse pressure. The relationship between central and peripheral pulse pressure depends on propagation characteristics of arteries. Hence, while the sphygmomanometer gives values of two single points on the pressure wave (systolic and diastolic pressure), there is additional information that can be obtained from the time-varying pulse waveform that enables an improved quantification of the systolic load on the heart and other central organs. This topical review will assess techniques of pressure measurement that relate to the use of the cuff sphygmomanometer and to the non-invasive registration and analysis of the peripheral and central arterial pressure waveform. Improved assessment of cardiovascular function in relation to treatment and management of high blood pressure will result from future developments in the indirect measurement of arterial blood pressure that involve the conventional cuff sphygmomanometer with the addition of information derived from the peripheral arterial pulse. (topical review)

2010-01-01

63

Determinantes clínicos de la presión de fin de diástole / Clinical determining factors of the end of diastole's pressure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: la falla cardiaca sobreviene a los pacientes con múltiples enfermedades cardiovasculares. Se encuentra con frecuencia, que algunos pacientes no empeoran su clase funcional, a pesar de reunir condiciones clínicas que suponen una severa alteración fisiopatológica. Estos hallazgos son con [...] firmados al medir la presión de fin de diástole (PFD) en el laboratorio de hemodinamia. Objetivo: determinar qué factores clínicos inciden en la PFD. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo de 200 pacientes estudiados (muestra aleatoria de 1730 pacientes) durante el año 2005, con análisis de las relaciones entre la variable dependiente PFD y las variables independientes: edad, sexo, peso, superficie corporal, factores de riesgo, cuadro clínico, fracción de eyección (FE), alteraciones estructurales ventriculares (dilatación o hipertrofia), compromiso coronario (uno, dos o tres vasos, angiográficamente sanos, o presencia de flujo lento intracoronario), y la arteria coronaria comprometida. Se aplicó un modelo de regresión lineal simple mediante el paquete estadístico STATA Versión 9. Resultados: las variaciones de aumento de la PFD están relacionadas con: hipertensión arterial (HTA), dilatación ventricular izquierda, mayor compromiso coronario (tres vasos) y presencia de ateromatosis significativa de las arterias descendente anterior y coronaria derecha. Las variaciones decrecientes de la PFD se presentaron ante el aumento de la FE y la presencia de arterias sanas. Conclusiones: se confirman algunos factores conocidos que inciden sobre la PFD, pero sorprende la ausencia de cambios significativos de la PFD ante cuadros clínicos más inestables y ante la presencia de hipertrofia. Este estudio provee elementos significativos para futuras investigaciones clínicas en el campo. Abstract in english Abstract Introduction: many cardiovascular diseases may cause heart failure, because of impairment of systolic or diastolic function, or both. It is frequently observed that regardless of physiopathological processes that were presumed to cause major symptoms, some patients have normal or quite norm [...] al functional class of dyspnea. This observation is sometimes confirmed in the cath lab, when the measured end diastolic pressure (EDP) is normal. Objective: to study which clinical factors are related with changes in EDP. Methods: 200 patients were included in a sample of 1.730 patients studied in the Cath Lab during 2005. This retrospective, descriptive and analytic study seeked for association between EDP and independent variables such as: age, sex gender, weight, clinical risk factor for coronary artery disease, the clinical presentation, ejection fraction (EF) measured, structural changes in left ventricle morphology (dilatation or hypertrophy), extent of coronary disease (one, two or three-vessel disease, normal coronaries, or reduced intracoronary flow), and the coronary artery involved. Statistically, a simple linear regression model was applied in the STATA 9 program. Results: increasing variability in the EDP was found to be significantly related with: hypertension, dilated left ventricle, 3-vessel disease, left coronary descendant and right coronary artery involvement. Decreasing variability of EDP presented with increasing EF and normal coronary arteries. Conclusions: some clinical factors were confirmed as related with altered EDP, but others, such as the more unstable clinical conditions and hypertrophy, surprisingly showed no significant relation with EDP variations. This investigation offers new pathways to future clinical studies in this area.

Luis Miguel, Benítez; José Vicente, Narváez.

2007-09-15

64

Multivariate decomposition of arterial blood pressure variability for the assessment of arterial control of circulation.  

Science.gov (United States)

In order to analyze the information carried by arterial blood pressure (ABP) variability, a multivariate parametric model of interactions involving systolic ABP (SAP), diastolic ABP (DAP), pulse pressure (PP), heart period (HP), and respiration is proposed. The model defines SAP as sum of the preceding DAP and PP values; DAP model accounts for arterial baroreflex, diastolic runoff; PP reflects changes in stroke volume related to respiration and HP, afterload; equation residuals reveal other vascular and cardiac output modulations. The model was applied to data from nine young volunteers (aged 29 +/- 6 years) during supine cycling at 10%, 20%, and 30% of their maximum effort. Significant basal values and changes across the epochs of the experiment were found in all hemodynamic parameters describing fast, beat-by-beat responses; in SAP and PP total power, DAP low- and high-frequency power (LF, HF), PP very low frequency (VLF), and LF and HF power. A primary role of vascular control through DAP and PP was emphasized by the considered feedbacks and the model residuals. The model proved to be able to assess beat-by-beat cardiovascular interactions and offer a comprehensive view of arterial tree control. PMID:19307165

Aletti, Federico; Bassani, Tito; Lucini, Daniela; Pagani, Massimo; Baselli, Giuseppe

2009-07-01

65

Seasonal variation in arterial blood pressure.  

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Blood pressure measurements recorded during the medical Research Council's treatment trial for mild hypertension have been analysed according to the calendar month in which the readings were made. For each age, sex, and treatment group systolic and diastolic pressures were higher in winter than in summer. The seasonal variation in blood pressure was greater in older than in younger subjects and was highly significantly related to maximum and minimum daily air temperature measurements but not ...

Brennan, P. J.; Greenberg, G.; Miall, W. E.; Thompson, S. G.

1982-01-01

66

Effect of left atrial compliance on pulmonary artery pressure: a case report  

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Abstract Background Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, with secondary atrial pressure elevation, is a well-known concept. On the contrary, effect of left atrial compliance on pulmonary pressure is rarely considered. Case presentation We report the echocardiographic case of a 9-year-old child who presented severe rheumatic mitral valve regurgitation with a giant left atrium, in contrast to a normal artery pulmonary pressure, testifying of the high left atria...

Marijon Eloi; Jani Dinesh; Voicu Sébastian; Ou Phalla

2006-01-01

67

Calpain-5 gene variants are associated with diastolic blood pressure and cholesterol levels  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Genes implicated in common complex disorders such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM or cardiovascular diseases are not disease specific, since clinically related disorders also share genetic components. Cysteine protease Calpain 10 (CAPN10 has been associated with T2DM, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, increased body mass index (BMI and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS, a reproductive disorder of women in which isunlin resistance seems to play a pathogenic role. The calpain 5 gene (CAPN5 encodes a protein homologue of CAPN10. CAPN5 has been previously associated with PCOS by our group. In this new study, we have analysed the association of four CAPN5 gene variants(rs948976A>G, rs4945140G>A, rs2233546C>T and rs2233549G>A with several cardiovascular risk factors related to metabolic syndrome in general population. Methods Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, insulin, glucose and lipid profiles were determined in 606 individuals randomly chosen from a cross-sectional population-based epidemiological survey in the province of Segovia in Central Spain (Castille, recruited to investigate the prevalence of anthropometric and physiological parameters related to obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome. Genotypes at the four polymorphic loci in CAPN5 gene were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Results Genotype association analysis was significant for BMI (p ? 0.041, diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.015 and HDL-cholesterol levels (p = 0.025. Different CAPN5 haplotypes were also associated with diastolic blood pressure (DBP (0.0005 ? p ? 0.006 and total cholesterol levels (0.001 ? p ? 0.029. In addition, the AACA haplotype, over-represented in obese individuals, is also more frequent in individuals with metabolic syndrome defined by ATPIII criteria (p = 0.029. Conclusion As its homologue CAPN10, CAPN5 seems to influence traits related to increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. Our results also may suggest CAPN5 as a candidate gene for metabolic syndrome.

Morón Francisco J

2007-01-01

68

Diastolic function and functional capacity after a single session of continuous positive airway pressure in patients with compensated heart failure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The effects of acute continuous positive airway pressure therapy on left ventricular diastolic function and functional capacity in patients with compensated systolic heart failure remain unclear. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial included 43 pati [...] ents with heart failure and a left ventricular ejection fraction

Marjory Fernanda, Bussoni; Gabriel Negretti, Guirado; Luiz Shiguero, Matsubara; Meliza Goi, Roscani; Bertha Furlan, Polegato; Suzana Tanni, Minamoto; Silméia Garcia Zanati, Bazan; Beatriz Bojikian, Matsubara.

69

Working tension and arterial pressure  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The working tension has been pointed out in recent years by its deleterious effects on the health. There are evidences of their interrelationnot only with hypertension, but with the cardiovascular illnesses in general, from there our interest in studying it.To determine the measure of associations between work types and the presence of arterial hypertension. 2 To value the moderator paper ofthe individual disposition in the confrontation of work demands and it’s control over the arterial pressure and their control.A descriptive traverse study was carried out. 256 workers were studied, two groups were conformed: hypertensive (148 and non hypertensive(108. A blood pressure measurement was done and the Questionnaire of Working Tension (based on the perception of the work andthe preferences was applied.The perception of nervous tension at the work position was significantly higher among hypertensive and particularly in non controlled ones(p <0,05. The high tension work behaved as a risk factor of hypertension (OR – 2,25 [1,22 – 4,17] p <0,05 and of not to control the sameone (OR – 2,20 [1,05-4,60] p <0,05. The agreement proportion among perceived and preferred work was low 0,267, evidencing, those interviewed,the necessity of lower levels of demand.The high tension work and the nervous tension acts as factors of psychological risk, influencing the control of the arterial hypertension. Thework of low tension is valued as the favorite one.

Miriam C. Peña Betancourt

2011-01-01

70

Right ventricular systolic and diastolic function at rest in patients with coronary artery disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Right ventricular systolic and diastolic function was studied in patients with ischemic heart disease using equilibrium radionuclide ventriculography. In patients with inferior myocardial infarction and proximal right coronary lesions, the right ventricular ejection fraction (0.43+-0.06, n=10, mean+-SD) and peak filling rate (1.7+-0.4 EDV/sec) were lower than normals (0.57+-0.07 and 2.7+-0.4 EDV/sec, n=10, p<0.001, respectively). In these patients, the right ventricular time to peak filling rate was longer than in normals (225+-36 msec vs 136+-45 msec, p<0.001), while the left ventricular ejection fraction remained normal. In patients with inferior myocardial infarction and distal right coronary lesions, the right ventricular ejection fraction, peak filling rate and time to peak filling rate were not different from those in normals. Even in patients with proximal right coronary lesions, the right ventricular ejection fraction was normal unless they had an inferior myocardial infarction. A decreased left ventricular ejection fraction and abnormal motion of the ventricular septum did not affect the right ventricular ejection fraction. The present results suggest that patients with an inferior myocardial infarction and proximal right coronary lesion often develop right ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction. (author)

1985-01-01

71

Effect of left atrial compliance on pulmonary artery pressure: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, with secondary atrial pressure elevation, is a well-known concept. On the contrary, effect of left atrial compliance on pulmonary pressure is rarely considered. Case presentation We report the echocardiographic case of a 9-year-old child who presented severe rheumatic mitral valve regurgitation with a giant left atrium, in contrast to a normal artery pulmonary pressure, testifying of the high left atrial compliance. Conclusion Left atrial compliance is an important determinant of symptoms and pulmonary artery pressure in mitral valve disease.

Jani Dinesh

2006-08-01

72

Analysis of left ventricular diastolic function and left atrial function in coronary artery disease by radionuclide angiography  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To analyze regional left ventricular diastolic function, first-pass and multigated radionuclide angiography was performed in 27 patients with coronary artery disease (12: angina pectoris (AP), 9: anterior, 6: inferior myocardial infarction (MI)) and 9 normal subjects. To analyze left atrial function, AC/SV (atrial contraction) and PFR-AC (peak filling rate during atrial contraction) were obtained from backward left ventricular volume curve in 17 patients with coronary artery disease (11: EF > 50 %, 6: EF < 50%) and 7 normal subjects. In AP patients, PFR was significantly reduced in apex and TPF (time to peak filling rate) was significantly prolonged in global LV and apex. In EF > 50 % patients, PFR was significantly reduced and AC/SV was significantly larger than that in normal subjects. In anteiror MI patients, PFR was normal in inferior region, and PFRs were significantly reduced in other regions. TPF was significantly prolonged in septal region. In inferior MI patients, PFR was normal in septal region, and PFRs were significantly reduced in other regions. In EF < 50 % patients, PFR and PFR-AC were significantly reduced, and there was no significant difference in AC/SV between the control group and EF < 50 % group. We conclude that the left atrial contribution to left ventricular function is increased in patient with coronary artery disease, but this compensative mechanism is limited in MI patient with reduced EF.

Kawakita, Seizaburo

1987-12-01

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Regular Khat (Catha edulis chewing is associated with elevated diastolic blood pressure among adults in Butajira, Ethiopia: A comparative study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Fresh leaves and buds of the Khat plant (Catha edulis contain Cathinone, an amphetamine like alkaloid responsible for its pharmacological action. Chewing of Khat has been associated with a transient rise in blood pressure and heart rate in experimental studies. Few studies examined the effect of regular or frequent Khat chewing on blood pressure at the population level. This study was conducted to examine the association of regular Khat chewing with blood pressure among adults. Methods We compared systolic and diastolic blood pressure of adults 35-65 years of age who reported regular chewing of Khat during the preceding five years to those who never chewed Khat during the same period. Study participants were recruited from purposively selected urban and rural villages of Butajira District in Ethiopia. The comparative groups, chewers (334 and non-chewers (330, were identified from among the general population through a house-to-house visit using a screening questionnaire. They were frequency-matched for sex and age within a five-year range. Data were collected through structured interviews and physical measurements including blood pressure, weight and height. Results The prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher among Khat chewers (13.4% than non-chewers (10.7%, odds ratio (OR = 1.66 (95% confidence interval (CI 1.05, 3.13. A considerably high proportion of chewers (29.9% than non-chewers (20.6% had sub-optimal diastolic blood pressure (> 80 mmHg. The mean (sd diastolic blood pressure was significantly higher among Khat chewers [75.0 (11.6] than non-chewers [72.9 (11.7], P Conclusion Regular chewing of Khat is associated with elevated mean diastolic blood pressure, which is consistent with the peripheral vasoconstrictor effect of Cathinone. Regular Khat chewing may have sustained effects on the cardiovascular system that can contribute to elevated blood pressure at the population level.

Gedif Teferi

2010-07-01

74

Diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of echocardiographic indices for detecting left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with coronary artery disease and normal ejection fraction  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of present study was to assess the clinical utility and diagnostic accuracy of diastolic dysfunction criteria that were recommended in current American Society of Echocardiography and European Association of Echocardiography recommendations for prediction of increased LVEDP (>16 mmHg in patients with coronary artery disease and normal EF.Methods: Forty-five consecutive patients (mean age=61.5±10.3 years referred for cardiac catheterization were enrolled in this prospective study. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging within 24 hours before cardiac catheterization. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP (LVEDP>16 mmHg, n=23; LVEDP?16 mmHg, n=22. Receiver operating characteristics curve analyses were performed and sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated for indices to detect high LVEDP.Results: Among the indices, left atrial volume index (LAVI ?34 ml/m2 (sensitivity=60.0% and specificity=90.0% and ratio of transmitral to septal annular velocities during early filling (septal E/e’ ratio ?15 (sensitivity=30.4% and specificity=95.5% had more reasonable sensitivity and specificity. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis revealed that best predictors of high LVEDP were septal E/e’ [area under curve (AUC=0.694, standard error (SE=0.66, p=0.01] and LAVI (AUC=0.669, SE=0.63, p=0.045]. There were statistically significant correlations between LVEDP and septal E/e’ (r=0.541, p=0.001 and LAVI (r=0.461, p=0.002. A proposed algorithm consisting LAVI ?34 ml/m2 and septal E/e’ >8 could determine diastolic dysfunction with a 95.6% sensitivity and 54.5% specificity.Conclusion: Septal E/e’ (?15 and LAVI (? 34 ml/m2 were the better predictors of the increased LVEDP than the other echocardiographic parameters. There were statistically significant moderate positive correlations of LVEDP with septal E/ e’ and LAVI. Combination of LAVI and septal E/e’ is useful to detect diastolic dysfunction.

Kenan Övünç

2011-12-01

75

Estimation of left ventricular diastolic pressures from precordial pulsed-Doppler analysis of pulmonary venous and mitral flow.  

Science.gov (United States)

Because analysis of pulmonary venous flow (PVF) will be extensively used in comprehensive Doppler assessment of left ventricular diastolic function, this study was designed to (1) evaluate the feasibility of PVF measurement in 116 consecutive patients with various cardiac abnormalities by using precordial pulsed Doppler echocardiography; (2) Estimate mean pulmonary capillary pressure (MPCP) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) from Doppler variables of PVF and mitral inflow; and (3) evaluate the influence of clinical and hemodynamic variables on PVF Doppler patterns. We adequately recorded anterograde PVF in 96 (82.7%) patients and retrograde PVF in 45 (38.7%) patients. The strongest correlation between MPCP and Doppler variables of PVF was found with systolic fraction (the systolic velocity time integral expressed as a fraction of total anterograde PVF) (r = -0.88; p < 0.001). Age influenced this relation, with progressive increase of the systolic fraction in older patients. A good correlation (r = 0.72; p < 0.001) was found between LVEDP and the difference in duration of the reversal PVF and the mitral a wave. In conclusion, (1) PVF can be recorded adequately in most patients with precordial Doppler echocardiography; (2) left ventricular diastolic pressures can be estimated reliably by precordial Doppler echocardiography; and (3) the clinical meaning of Doppler-derived indexes of left ventricular diastolic performance is age-related. PMID:8037096

Brunazzi, M C; Chirillo, F; Pasqualini, M; Gemelli, M; Franceschini-Grisolia, E; Longhini, C; Giommi, L; Barbaresi, F; Stritoni, P

1994-08-01

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Association of genetic variation with systolic and diastolic blood pressure among African Americans: the Candidate Gene Association Resource study.  

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The prevalence of hypertension in African Americans (AAs) is higher than in other US groups; yet, few have performed genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in AA. Among people of European descent, GWASs have identified genetic variants at 13 loci that are associated with blood pressure. It is unknown if these variants confer susceptibility in people of African ancestry. Here, we examined genome-wide and candidate gene associations with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressu...

Matullo, Giuseppe; Vineis, Paolo; Ricceri, Fulvio; Guarrera, Simonetta

2011-01-01

77

Association of genetic variation with systolic and diastolic blood pressure among African Americans: the Candidate Gene Association Resource study  

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The prevalence of hypertension in African Americans (AAs) is higher than in other US groups; yet, few have performed genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in AA. Among people of European descent, GWASs have identified genetic variants at 13 loci that are associated with blood pressure. It is unknown if these variants confer susceptibility in people of African ancestry. Here, we examined genome-wide and candidate gene associations with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressu...

2011-01-01

78

Diastolic function and functional capacity after a single session of continuous positive airway pressure in patients with compensated heart failure  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: The effects of acute continuous positive airway pressure therapy on left ventricular diastolic function and functional capacity in patients with compensated systolic heart failure remain unclear. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial included 43 patients with heart failure and a left ventricular ejection fraction <0.50 who were in functional classes I-III according to the New York Heart Association criteria. Twenty-three patients were assigned to continuous positive airway pressure therapy (10 cmH2O), while 20 patients received placebo with null pressure for 30 minutes. All patients underwent a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and Doppler echocardiography before and immediately after intervention. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01088854. RESULTS: The groups had similar clinical and echocardiographic baseline variables. Variation in the diastolic function index (e?) after intervention was associated with differences in the distance walked in both groups. However, in the continuous positive airway pressure group, this difference was greater (continuous positive airway pressure group: ?6MWT?=?9.44+16.05×?e?, p?=?0.002; sham group: ?6MWT?=?7.49+5.38×?e?; p?=?0.015). There was a statistically significant interaction between e? index variation and continuous positive airway pressure for the improvement of functional capacity (p?=?0.020). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous positive airway pressure does not acurately change the echocardiographic indexes of left ventricle systolic or diastolic function in patients with compensated systolic heart failure. However, 30-minute continuous positive airway pressure therapy appears to have an effect on left ventricular diastolic function by increasing functional capacity.

Bussoni, Marjory Fernanda; Guirado, Gabriel Negretti; Matsubara, Luiz Shiguero; Roscani, Meliza Goi; Polegato, Bertha Furlan; Minamoto, Suzana Tanni; Bazan, Silmeia Garcia Zanati; Matsubara, Beatriz Bojikian

2014-01-01

79

Association of target organ damage with 24-hour systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and hypertension subtypes in untreated Chinese.  

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The association of target organ damage with 24-hour systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and ambulatory hypertension subtypes has not yet been examined in untreated Chinese patients. We measured left ventricular mass index by echocardiography (n=619), the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (n=1047), and aortic pulse wave velocity by tonometry (n=1013) in 1047 untreated subjects (mean age, 50.6 years; 48.9% women). Normotension was a 24-hour systolic/diastolic blood pressure ventricular mass index (+4.31 g/m(2)), urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (+1.63 mg/mmol), and pulse wave velocity (+0.76 m/s); and isolated diastolic hypertension was associated with similar left ventricular mass index and pulse wave velocity (P?0.39), but higher urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (+1.24 mg/mmol; P=0.002). In younger participants (ventricular mass index, +1.15/+1.14 mg/mmol (P=0.02/0.04) for the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio, and +0.54/-0.05 m/s (P<0.001/0.54) for pulse wave velocity. In older participants, these estimates were +3.58/+0.30 g/m(2) (P=0.045/0.88), +1.23/+1.05 mg/mmol (P=0.002/0.54), and +0.76/-0.49 m/s (P<0.001/<0.001), respectively. In conclusion, 24-hour systolic blood pressure and mixed hypertension are major determinants of target organ damage irrespective of age and target organ, whereas 24-hour diastolic blood pressure and isolated diastolic hypertension only relate to the urinary albumin:creatinine ratio below middle age. PMID:24246384

Wei, Fang-Fei; Li, Yan; Zhang, Lu; Xu, Ting-Yan; Ding, Feng-Hua; Staessen, Jan A; Wang, Ji-Guang

2014-02-01

80

Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients  

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Full Text Available To consider the prevalence of pulmonary artery pressure in End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD patients, a study was conducted on maintenance of hemodialysis patients and a group of normal subjects. For assessment of pulmonary artery pressure all participants were subjected to two-dimensional and doppler echocardiographic studies that for patients were done after their hemodialysis session. In this study a significant difference of Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure (PASP between patients and normal subjects with more values in hemodialysis patients was seen. A significant positive correlation of pulmonary artery pressure with age of control group and also significant positive correlation of pulmonary artery pressure with age of hemodialysis group were found. A significant positive correlation of PASP with duration and dosages of hemodialysis treatment were seen too. A high prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in hemodialysis needs more attention to this aspect of hemodialysis patients because pulmonary hypertension is a disease with poor prognosis.

M.D. Hamid Nasri

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

A new noninvasive device for continuous arterial blood pressure monitoring in the superficial temporal artery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Continuous recording of arterial blood pressure (ABP) has many applications in cardiovascular physiology, but existing alternatives rely on measurements performed in the fingers or radial artery. Peripheral recordings have significant differences from central ABP regarding the pattern of the waveform and corresponding systolic and diastolic values. To address the need for noninvasive measurements closer to the ascending aorta, a new device was constructed to measure ABP in the superficial temporal artery (STA) using photoplethysmography and the arterial volume clamping technique. The optoelectronic circuitry to generate the photoplethysmogram is contained in a specially designed probe placed over the STA and kept in place with a head frame. The prototype (STAbp) also includes original designs for the pneumatic, electronic, signal processing, control and display sub-systems. A self-calibration feature regularly updates the photoplethysmogram operating point to improve accuracy. The performance of the STAbp was compared against the Finapres in 19 healthy subjects. At rest, the bias (SDd) was -23.1 (15.05), -10.8 (13.83) and -12.4 (12.93) mmHg for systolic, mean and diastolic pressures respectively, without significant differences in drift between the two devices. The 99% bandwidth (SD) for the spectral distribution of ABP waveforms was 5.3 (1.46) Hz for STAbp and 6.8 (0.73) Hz for the Finapres (p device has considerable potential as a new tool for clinical and research applications where continuous recording of more central ABP is advantageous compared to peripheral alternatives. PMID:23524512

Chin, K Y; Panerai, R B

2013-04-01

82

Noninvasive blood pressure measurement by the Nexfin monitor during reduced arterial pulsatility: a feasibility study.  

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Noninvasive blood pressure measurements are difficult when arterial pulsations are reduced, as in patients supported by continuous flow left ventricular assist devices (cf-LVAD). We evaluated the feasibility of measuring noninvasive arterial blood pressure with the Nexfin monitor during conditions of reduced arterial pulsatility. During cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) in which a roller pump based or a centrifugal pump based heart-lung machine generated arterial blood pressure with low pulsatility, noninvasive arterial pressures (NAP)measured by the Nexfin Monitor were recorded and compared with invasively measured radial artery pressures (IAP).We also evaluated NAP in 10 patients with a cf-LVAD during a pump speed change procedure (PSCP). During CPB in 18 patients, the NAP-IAP average difference was -1.3 +/- 6.5 mmHg. The amplitude of pressure oscillations were 4.3 +/- 3.8 mmHg measured by IAP. Furthermore, in the cf-LVAD patients, increase in pump speed settings led to an increase in diastolic and mean arterial pressures (MAP) while the NAP acquired a sinusoidal shape as the aortic valve become permanently closed. In conclusion, NAP was similar to IAP under conditions of reduced arterial pulsatility. The device also measured the blood pressure waveform noninvasively in patients supported by a cf-LVAD. PMID:20449896

Martina, Jerson R; Westerhof, Berend E; Van Goudoever, Jeroen; De Jonge, Nicolaas; Van Lieshout, Johannes J; Lahpor, Jaap R; De Mol, Bas A J M

2010-01-01

83

Adaptation to periodic pressure chamber hypoxia and its influence on systolic and diastolic functions in chronic heart failure  

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Full Text Available Research objective is to determine the influence of adaptation method to periodic pressure chamber hypoxia on dynamics of systolic and diastolic functions of myocardium in patients with early stages of chronic heart failure. Materials and Methods: 100 men with post-infarction cardiosclerosis at the age of 40-65 years with I and IIA stages and l-ll functional classes (NYHA of chronic heart failure have been examined. Results: Positive dynamics of systolic and diastolic cardiac functions and other parameters of echocardioscopy under the influence of the hypoxic therapy in comparison with classical physical rehabilitation have been obtained. Furthermore, a more significant effect has been observed in patients with CHF IIA. Conclusion: Improvement in the geometry of the heart has proved that adaptation method to periodic pressure chamber hypoxia could be recommended for rehabilitation of patients with heart failure of early stages.

Dmitrieva ?.?.

2012-06-01

84

Doppler Tissue Imaging: A Non-Invasive Technique for Estimation of Left Ventricular End Diastolic Pressure in Severe Mitral Regurgitation  

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Background: Conventional Doppler measurements, including mitral inflow and pulmonary venous flow, are used to estimate left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP). However, these parameters have limitations in predicting LVEDP among patients with mitral regurgitation. This study sought to establish whether the correlation between measurements derived from tissue Doppler echocardiography and LVEDP remains valid in the setting of severe mitral regurgitation.Methods: Thirty patients (mean ag...

Roya Sattarzadeh Badkoubeh; Yaser Jenab; Arezou Zoroufian; Mojtaba Salarifar

2010-01-01

85

Evaluation of the Effect of Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention as a Treatment Method on the Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease  

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Full Text Available Background: Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI is an excellent therapy for coronary artery disease, there is a paucity of information on the efficacy of PCI in improving diastolic function, especially in Iran. Because of the high prevalence of left diastolic dysfunction in coronary artery disease patients and its probable progression to heart failure, an evaluation of the role of PCI in improving diastolic function is required.Methods: Thirty patients scheduled for elective PCI were enrolled in this study providing that their systolic ejection fraction was > 40%. Before PCI and 48 hours and 3 months after PCI, echocardiography was done to evaluate some diastolic values in these patients.Results: The mean age of all the patients was 54 ± 10 year, and 20 patients were male. All the patients had a low degree of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Isovolumic relaxation time (115 ± 10 before treatment versus 120 ± 1 and 119 ± 3 respectively 48 hours and 3 months after treatment, mitral E wave velocity in septal (0.70 ± 0.05 before treatment vs. 0.71 ± 0.15 and 0.72 ± 0.12 respectively 48 hours and 3 months after treatment, and the peak velocity of late filling due to atrial contraction (mitral A wave velocity in septal (0.74 ± 0.02 before treatment vs. 0.73 ± 0.01 and 0.68 ± 0.16 respectively 48 hours and 3 months after treatment showed improvement after PCI. It is notable that early diastolic mitral annulus velocity (E? wave velocity in the septal part of the mitral annulus improved significantly 48 hours and 3 months after PCI (p value < 0.05. The early-to-late diastolic tissue velocity ratio of the mitral annulus (E/A ratio of the mitral inflow improved 48 hours after PCI; it was statistically significant (p value = 0.05. Also, mitral A wave velocity in septal and the E/A ratio of the mitral inflow improved significantly 3 months after PCI (p value < 0.05.Conclusion: Improvement in some of values related to left ventricular diastolic function followed by PCI shows that this method can be used to improve cardiac diastolic function in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease.

Atieh Rezaeefar

2010-11-01

86

Evaluation of the Effect of Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention as a Treatment Method on the Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an excellent therapy for coronary artery disease, there is a paucity of information on the efficacy of PCI in improving diastolic function, especially in Iran. Because of the high prevalence of left diastolic dysfunction in coronary artery disease patients and its probable progression to heart failure, an evaluation of the role of PCI in improving diastolic function is required. Methods Thirty patients scheduled for elective PCI were enrolled in this study providing that their systolic ejection fraction was > 40%. Before PCI and 48 hours and 3 months after PCI, echocardiography was done to evaluate some diastolic values in these patients. Results The mean age of all the patients was 54 ± 10 year, and 20 patients were male. All the patients had a low degree of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Isovolumic relaxation time (115 ± 10 before treatment versus 120 ± 1 and 119 ± 3 respectively 48 hours and 3 months after treatment), mitral E wave velocity in septal (0.70 ± 0.05 before treatment vs. 0.71 ± 0.15 and 0.72 ± 0.12 respectively 48 hours and 3 months after treatment), and the peak velocity of late filling due to atrial contraction (mitral A wave velocity) in septal (0.74 ± 0.02 before treatment vs. 0.73 ± 0.01 and 0.68 ± 0.16 respectively 48 hours and 3 months after treatment) showed improvement after PCI. It is notable that early diastolic mitral annulus velocity (E?) wave velocity in the septal part of the mitral annulus improved significantly 48 hours and 3 months after PCI (p value < 0.05). The early-to-late diastolic tissue velocity ratio of the mitral annulus (E/A) ratio of the mitral inflow improved 48 hours after PCI; it was statistically significant (p value = 0.05). Also, mitral A wave velocity in septal and the E/A ratio of the mitral inflow improved significantly 3 months after PCI (p value < 0.05). Conclusion Improvement in some of values related to left ventricular diastolic function followed by PCI shows that this method can be used to improve cardiac diastolic function in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease.

Hashemi, Seyed Reza; Motamedi, Mohammadreza; Khani, Mohammad; Hekmat, Manouchehr; Gachkar, Latif; Rezaeefar, Atieh

2010-01-01

87

RV instantaneous intraventricular diastolic pressure and velocity distributions in normal and volume overload awake dog disease models.  

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Intraventricular diastolic right ventricular (RV) flow field dynamics were studied by functional imaging using three-dimensional (3D) real-time echocardiography with sonomicrometry and computational fluid dynamics in seven awake dogs at control with normal wall motion (NWM) and RV volume overload with diastolic paradoxical septal motion. Burgeoning flow cross section between inflow anulus and chamber walls induces a convective pressure rise, which represents a "convective deceleration load" (CDL). High spatiotemporal resolution dynamic pressure and velocity distributions of the intraventricular RV flow field revealed time-dependent, subtle interactions between intraventricular local acceleration and convective pressure gradients. During the E-wave upstroke, the total pressure gradient along intraventricular flow is the algebraic sum of a pressure decrease contributed by local acceleration and a pressure rise contributed by a convective deceleration that partially counterbalances the local acceleration gradient. This underlies the smallness of early diastolic intraventricular gradients. At peak volumetric inflow, local acceleration vanishes and the total adverse intraventricular gradient is convective. During the E-wave downstroke, the strongly adverse gradient embodies the streamwise pressure augmentations from both local and convective decelerations. It induces flow separation and large-scale vortical motions, stronger in NWM. Their dynamic corollaries on intraventricular pressure and velocity distributions were ascertained. In the NWM pattern, the strong ring-like vortex surrounding the central core encroaches on the area available for flow toward the apex. This results in higher linear velocities later in the downstroke of the E wave than at peak inflow rate. The augmentation of CDL by ventriculoannular disproportion may contribute to E wave and E-to-A ratio depression with chamber dilatation. PMID:14561678

Pasipoularides, Ares; Shu, Ming; Shah, Ashish; Tucconi, Alessandro; Glower, Donald D

2003-11-01

88

Echocardiographic Measures of Diastolic Function Are Preload Dependent during Triggered Positive Pressure Ventilation : A Controlled Crossover Study in Healthy Subjects  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background. The use of echocardiography in intensive care settings impacts decision making. A prerequisite for the use of echocardiography is relative resistance to changes in volume status and levels of positive pressure ventilation (PPV). Studies on indices of diastolic function report conflicting results with regard to dependence on volume status. Evidence is scarce on PPV. Methods. Ten healthy subjects were exposed to 6 levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and pressure support (PS) following a baseline reading. All ventilator settings were performed at three positions: horizontal, reverse-Trendelenburg, and Trendelenburg. Echocardiography was performed throughout. Results. During spontaneous breathing, early diastolic transmitral velocity (E) changed with positioning (P <0.001), whereas early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (e') was independent (P = 0.263). With PPV, E and e' proved preload dependent (P â??â??values <0.001). Increases in PEEP, PS, or a combination influenced E and e' in reverse-Trendelenburg- and horizontal positions, but not in the Trendelenburg position. Discussion. The change towards preload dependency of e' with PPV suggests that PPV increases myocardial preload sensitivity. The susceptibility of E and e' to preload changes during PPV discourages their use in settings of volume shifts or during changes in ventilator settings. Conclusion. Positioning and PPV affect E and e'.

Juhl-Olsen, Peter; Frederiksen, Christian Alcaraz

2012-01-01

89

RR-arterial pressure variability relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

Methodological aspects of a causal black-box model of heart period/arterial pressure interaction, arterial pressure closed-loop regulation and respiration effects on both heart period and arterial pressure are revisited in the "time" (more exactly heart beat count) domain. Parameters are estimated from experimental data (model identification) by means of multiple linear regressions of actual samples over the past ones. The elements composing either heart period or systolic arterial pressure variability are visualised as beat-by-beat series. Indexes describing the signal interactions, the loop properties and the spectral components of the variability series are consequently summarised. In 17 normal young volunteers, the analysis was carried out during active standing, rest, mild clinostatic pedalling exercise at 10%, 20%, and 30% of the maximum effort, and recovery. A negative effect of heart period changes on systolic arterial pressure of - 13.3 mm Hg/s was found at rest. This effect, though augmented by exercise, appeared insignificant in explaining arterial pressure variability. Arterial baroreflex was assessed by alphaart index which had a value of 5.18 mm Hg/ms at rest, 3.78 mm Hg/ms during active standing, and decreased progressively with exercise down to 0.55 mmHg/ms. The pressure regulation loop displayed a tendency to amplify disturbances at low frequency (around 0.1 Hz) 5.94 times at rest, augmented to 8.88 times during standing, 7.55 at 30% exercise. The first parameter of the pressure auto-regression was slightly higher than 1 at rest and even more augmented during standing, thus, indicating a tendency of arterial pressure perturbations to persist from one beat to the next. These mechanisms appear important in the genesis of low-frequency pressure waves. Nonetheless, the trace of different sources was evident in the regression residuals. Noticeably, during exercise it explained 10.16% of total heart period variability compared to 12.49% related to the low-frequency oscillations of closed-loops. The origin of high-frequency waves synchronous with respiration appeared miscellaneous as well. Arterial pressure appeared negligibly affected by heart period changes. Conversely, a limited effect of arterial pressure waves was found on heart period superimposed to a large effect of cardiopulmonary reflexes directly modulating the sinus node. In conclusion, both high-frequency and low-frequency waves are composite phenomena and a multi-channel analysis comparing heart period and arterial pressure variability yields a variety of figures assessing cardiovascular regulation and cardiorespiratory coupling. PMID:11485293

Baselli, G; Porta, A; Cerutti, S; Caiani, E G; Lucini, D; Pagani, M

2001-07-20

90

Noninvasive arterial blood pressure waveforms in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices.  

Science.gov (United States)

Arterial blood pressure and echocardiography may provide useful physiological information regarding cardiac support in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cf-LVADs). We investigated the accuracy and characteristics of noninvasive blood pressure during cf-LVAD support. Noninvasive arterial pressure waveforms were recorded with Nexfin (BMEYE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands). First, these measurements were validated simultaneously with invasive arterial pressures in 29 intensive care unit patients. Next, the association between blood pressure responses and measures derived by echocardiography, including left ventricular end-diastolic dimensions (LVEDDs), left ventricular end-systolic dimensions (LVESDs), and left ventricular shortening fraction (LVSF) were determined during pump speed change procedures in 30 outpatients. Noninvasive arterial blood pressure waveforms by the Nexfin monitor slightly underestimated invasive measures during cf-LVAD support. Differences between noninvasive and invasive measures (mean ± SD) of systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressures were -7.6 ± 5.8, -7.0 ± 5.2, -6.9 ± 5.1, and -0.6 ± 4.5 mm Hg, respectively (all Nexfin were reliable and may thereby act as a compliment to the assessment of the cf-LVAD patient. PMID:24399064

Martina, Jerson R; Westerhof, Berend E; de Jonge, Nicolaas; van Goudoever, Jeroen; Westers, Paul; Chamuleau, Steven; van Dijk, Diederik; Rodermans, Ben F M; de Mol, Bas A J M; Lahpor, Jaap R

2014-01-01

91

"Wedge effect" in stenosed coronary artery assessed using a PressureWire : Change in pressure waveform during percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with a coronary artery-left ventricular fistula.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this case report, we describe the recovery of abnormal coronary pressure waveform using a PressureWire Certus during percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with severe stenosis in the proximal segment of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Since the diastolic pressure in the distal left anterior descending coronary artery was lower than that in the aorta, the pressure waveform before percutaneous coronary intervention represented the left ventricular pressure through a fistula due to a "wedge effect" in the stenosis as if the pulmonary artery wedge pressure determined by a Swan-Ganz catheter reflected the pressure in the distal portion (left atrium). We diagnosed this case coronary artery-left ventricular fistula based on the above findings. PressureWire Certus may be a valuable tool with which to estimate the hemodynamics in a patient with a coronary anomaly. PMID:23812583

Nakasuka, Kosuke; Ito, Shigenori

2014-05-01

92

Influence of the elevation of the left ventricular diastolic pressure on the values of the first temporal derivative of the ventricular pressure (dP/dt)  

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PURPOSE: To assess the effects of the elevation of the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) on the value of the 1st temporal derivative of the ventricular pressure (dP/dt). METHODS: Nineteen anesthetized dogs were studied. The dogs were mechanically ventilated and underwent thoracotomy with parasympathetic nervous system block. The LVEDP was controlled with the use of a perfusion circuit connected to the left atrium and adjusted to the height of a reservoir. The elevation of the LV...

1999-01-01

93

Feasibility of using finger arterial pressure in neonates  

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The feasibility of using a Finapres device to reproduce the beat to beat signal of arterial blood pressure in eight neonates was assessed and compared with intra-arterial measurement of arterial blood pressure in the umbilical artery, using a catheter. The two methods gave similar results. Continuous recording of arterial blood pressure in neonates using Finapres is feasible and reliable.?? Keywords: blood pressure monitoring; Finapres; umbilical artery

Drouin, E.; Gournay, V.; Calamel, J.; Mouzard, A.; Roze, J.

1997-01-01

94

Comparison of noninvasive blood pressure measurement techniques via the coccygeal artery in anesthetized cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus).  

Science.gov (United States)

Two indirect blood pressure measurement techniques, Doppler (DOP) sphygmomanometry and oscillometry, applied at the ventral coccygeal artery were compared with simultaneous direct blood pressure measurements at the dorsal pedal artery in 10 anesthetized, captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus). The DOP method was moderately accurate, with relatively little bias (mean difference 3.8 mmHg) and 88.6% of the DOP systolic arterial pressure measurements being within 10 mmHg of the direct systolic arterial measurement. With the oscillometric (OM) method, 89.2% of the mean arterial pressure measurements were within 10 mmHg of the direct measurement and had the least bias (mean difference 2.3 mmHg), 80.7% of the systolic measurements were within 10 mmHg of the direct measurement and had the second least bias (mean difference 2.3 mmHg), and 59% of the diastolic measurements were within 10 mmHg of the direct measurement and had significant bias (mean difference 7.3 mmHg). However, DOP showed relatively poor precision (SD 11.2 mmHg) compared with OM systolic (SD 8.0 mmHg), diastolic (SD 8.6 mmHg), and mean (SD 5.7 mmHg). Both techniques showed a linear relationship with the direct technique measurements over a wide range of blood pressures. The DOP method tended to underestimate systolic measurements below 160 mmHg and overestimate systolic measurements above 160 mmHg. The OM method tended to underestimate mean pressures below 160 mm Hg, overestimate mean pressures above 160 mmHg, underestimate systolic pressures below 170 mmHg, overestimate systolic pressures above 170 mmHg, and underestimate diastolic pressures throughout the measured blood pressure range. Indirect blood pressure measurement using the ventral coccygeal artery, particularly when using an OM device for mean and systolic arterial pressure, may be useful in the clinical assessment of cheetahs when monitoring trends over time, but caution should be taken when interpreting individual values. PMID:24450051

Sadler, Ryan A; Hall, Natalie H; Kass, Philip H; Citino, Scott B

2013-12-01

95

Investigation Of Arterial Blood Pressure Level And Metabolic Indices In Patients With Arterial Hypertension At Pharmacotherapy With Antihypertensive Medicines Of Various Chemical Structure  

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Full Text Available The research goal is to carry on the comparative analysis of medicines of various chemical structure, Telmisar-tan and Bisoprolol, and to reveal their effect on the arterial blood pressure level and the indices of various metabolic processes in patients with arterial hypertension. 60 out-patients with arterial hypertension (stage II risk III both males and females aged 33-55 have been under study taking Telmisartan and Bisoprolol for 3 months. While treating the patients the arterial blood pressure level control and biochemical investigations for determination the indices of metabolic processes have been carried out. The investigated medications have provided the decrease of systolic and diastolic arterial pressure parameters, the increase of concentration of total and ionized calcium, chlorine ions, urea and total bilirubin in blood plasma. Therapy with Telmisartan has shown more significant increase of potassium level in erythro-cytes, decrease of levels of natrium, glucose, glycolized hemoglobin and triglycerides and increased contents of alani-naminotransferase and aspartataminotransferase. The course of therapy with Bisoprolol has restored the normal level of magnesium in blood plasma, has not have any influence on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, increased the level of alaninaminotransferase and significantly increased the contents of total and ionized calcium, urea and creatinine. 3-months therapy with Telmisartan and Bisoprolol has proved the decrease of systolic and diastolic arterial pressure in patients with arterial hypertension. The medications under study have had active and variable effects on metabolic indices

G.Kh. Glybochko

2009-12-01

96

The power combination of blood-pressure parameters to predict the incidence of plaque formation in carotid arteries in elderly  

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Hypertension is considered as one of the major risk factors of atherosclerosis, especially for carotid artery plaque, which is a sign for cardiovascular incapacity and cerebral infarction. As adult age, systolic blood pressure (SBP or S) tends to rise and diastolic blood pressure (DBP or D) tends to fall, thus the pulse pressure (PP) will increase. The vascular injury was directly proportional to the level of SBP, and inversely proportional to DBP. But so far, studies of the vascular injury b...

Hao, Chang-ning; Shi, Yi-qin; Huang, Jing-juan; Li, Hao-yun; Huang, Zhen-hao; Cheng, Xian-wu; Lu, Wei; Duan, Jun-li

2013-01-01

97

Ambulatory arterial blood pressure monitoring in patients before and after thyroidectomy  

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Full Text Available Bacground/Aim. Increased values of thyroid hormones in the clinical syndrome of hyperthyreosis affect blood pressure values and its circadial variation. The aim of this study was to define the influence of hyperthyreosis on the values and circadial variations of arterial blood pressure, as well as to investigate the effect of thyroid surgery on blood pressure values. Methods. We compared the 24-hour averages of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, their variations and their reduction during the night between 20 female patients with hyperthyroidism and hypertension de novo and 20 healthy females. We compared the values of 24-hour ambulatory monitoring performed before the surgery with the values gathered two weeks after the surgery. Results. The 24-hour average systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were higher in the patients with hyperthyroidism than in the control group (p < 0.001. In the group of patients, the variations in blood pressure were significantly higher than they were in the group of healthy people (p < 0.001. The amplitude of the nocturnal reduction of blood pressure was also significantly lower in the patients with hyperthyroid status and hypertension, in comparison to the healthy persons (p < 0.001. Two weeks after the surgery, a significant reduction of blood pressure values (both for systolic and diastolic appeared. Conclusion. The patients with hyperthyroidism- caused hypertension had higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure, higher variations in blood pressure and lower nocturnal reduction of blood pressure than healthy subjects. Thyroid surgery, as a control of thyroid function, optimised blood pressure very rapidly.

Ivanovi? Branislava

2008-01-01

98

EFFECTS OF THYROID DYSFUNCTION ON SYSTOLIC OR DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE, PULSE RATE, SERUM CREATININE AND LIVER ENZYMES  

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Full Text Available Thyroid disorder is very common in Pakistani population and most of the patients either sex having thyroid problems which may disturb various body systems for example variation in systolic / diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate, serum creatinine level and ALT / SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase and AST / SGOT (Aspartate Aminotransferase levels. The purpose of our study is to determine the effects of thyroid dysfunction on blood pressure, pulse rate, renal and liver functions and there correlation with thyroid status before and after treatment in patients with hypo and hyperthyroidism respectively. The results showed that there are significant differences in the levels of biochemical parameters (Serum Creatinine, ALT, AST, FT3, FT4 and TSH as compared to normal in both groups. Significant changes were also found in blood pressure and pulse rate of both male and female groups.

Mansoor Ahmad

2013-08-01

99

Heart rate variability in diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure  

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Reduced heart rate variability (HRV) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with systolic heart failure (HF). So far available data regarding the prognostic significance of HRV in diastolic heart failure is insufficient. We prospectively analyzed HRV in pts. with diastolic dysfunction (DD) with or without diastolic HF. Pts. aged 50 to 85 years with at least one of the following diagnoses were included: arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, manifestation of athero...

2013-01-01

100

Alteration of Pulse Pressure Stimulates Arterial Wall Matrix Remodeling  

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The effect of pulse pressure on arterial wall remodeling remains unclear, although remodeling of the arterial wall under hypertensive pressure and elevated flow has been well documented. The objective of this study was to evaluate matrix remodeling in arteries under nonpulsatile and hyperpulsatile pressure as compared to arteries under normal pulsatile pressure. Using a novel ex vivo organ culture model that allowed us to change pressure pulsatility without changing mean pressure or flow, art...

Yao, Qingping; Hayman, Danika M.; Dai, Qiuxia; Lindsey, Merry L.; Han, Hai-chao

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Plasma advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and NF-κB activity are independent determinants of diastolic and pulse pressure  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Abstract Background: High levels of circulating advanced glycation end products (AGEs) can initiate chronic low-grade activation of the immune system (CLAIS) with each of these factors independently associated with cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Therefore, our objective was to characterize the relationship between serum AGEs, CLAIS and other risk factors for CV disease in normotensive non-diabetic individuals. Methods: We measured body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), blood pressure, lipid and glucose profile in 44 non-diabetic volunteers (17 female, 27 males). Carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) was measured by ELISA as a marker for circulating AGEs and NF-κB p65 activity as an inflammatory marker by DNA-binding in peripheral blood mononuclear cells lysates (PBMC). Results: Plasma CML concentrations were related to diastolic blood pressure (r=-0.51, p

Sourris, Karly C; Lyons, Jasmine G

2013-01-01

102

The Effects of Cola Acuminata on Arterial Blood Pressure  

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Full Text Available Caffeine has been proven to be vasoactive and augments the release of calcium from sarcoplasmic reticulum. Interestingly, caffeine is the most active principle of Cola acuminata-commonly consumed in Nigeria. This study is designed to determine its effects on blood pressure using 20 Sprague dawley rats with an average weight of 150g. The animals were subdivided into 2 groups of 10 rats each (control and test groups. The control rats were fed with rat chow while the test groups were fed with salt diet that was prepared by adding 7.7g of salt to 92.3g of normal rats chow in order to achieve hypertension. Substance extraction was by chloroform extraction. With the extract, different levels of the substance concentration were prepared and subsequently infused in sequence to the test rats. The results showed that diastolic blood pressure was more responsive to changes in concentration of Cola acuminata extract with a significant concentration dependent increase in the arterial blood pressure of both the normotensive and hypertensive rats. Considering the fact that Cola acuminata consumption is part of our culture and the fact that some become addicted, it is our opinion therefore, that the need for efforts towards identifying the cardiovascular implications of caffeine containing consumables, can never be over emphasized.

E.N.S. Igbinovia

2009-01-01

103

Soybean oil increases SERCA2a expression and left ventricular contractility in rats without change in arterial blood pressure  

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Abstract Background Our aim was to evaluate the effects of soybean oil treatment for 15 days on arterial and ventricular pressure, myocardial mechanics and proteins involved in calcium handling. Methods Wistar rats were divided in two groups receiving 100 ?L of soybean oil (SB) or saline (CT) i.m. for 15 days. Ventricular performance was analyzed in male 12-weeks old Wistar rats by measuring left ventricle diastolic and systolic pressure in isolated perfused he...

Ribeiro Rogério; Fernandes Aurélia; Meira Eduardo; Batista Priscila; Magalhães Siman Fabiana; Vassallo Dalton; Padilha Alessandra; Stefanon Ivanita

2010-01-01

104

Medida da pressão arterial em gestante Toma de la presión arterial en embarazadas Blood pressure measurement in pregnancy  

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Full Text Available Trata-se de revisão da literatura à respeito da medida indireta da pressão arterial (P A em gestante normotensa. Aborda as modificações ocorridas na pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica decorrentes da gravidez. São discutidos aspectos polêmicos no procedimento de medida da P A, como por exemplo qual a fase dos sons de Korotkoff (fase quatro ou cinco que representa melhor a pressão diastólica e o uso da Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial. Enfatiza as recomendações de diferentes sociedades (American Heart Association, British Hypertension Society, Australasian Society, National High Blood Pressure Education Program e World Health Organization.Se trata de una revisión de la literatura con respeto a la toma indirecta de la presión arterial (PA en embarazadas normotensas. Se describen los cámbios que ocurrer en la presión arterial sistólica y diastólica a causa del embarazo. Son discutidos aspectos polémicos en el procedimiento de la toma de la PA, como por ejemplo: cuál es la fase de los sonidos de Korotkoff (fases cuatro o cinco que representa mejor la presión sistólica. Se enfatizan las recomendaciones de diferentes sociedades (American Heart Association, British Hypertension Society, Australasian Society, National High Blood Pressure Education Program and World Health Organization.This study deals with the review of the literature regarding the indirect blood pressure measurement in normal pregnant women. It shows the changes that happened whith the blood pressure due to pregnancy. Polemical aspects in the procedure of blood pressure measurement are discussed; for example, which one of the Korotkoff phases (4 or 5 that better represent the diastolic blood pressure and the use of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring in pregnancy. The recommendations from different societies are emphasized (American Heart Association, British Hypertension Society, Australasian Society, National High Blood Pressure Education Program and World Health Organization.

Sonia M. Junqueira V. de Oliveira

1997-07-01

105

Pressão arterial em adolescentes durante teste ergométrico / Arterial blood pressure in adolescents during exercise stress testing  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Descrever a resposta da pressão arterial em adolescentes submetidos ao teste de esforço. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo transversal de 218 adolescentes entre 10 e 19 anos (131 do sexo masculino) submetidos a teste ergométrico, e descrita a freqüência cardíaca máxima, tempo de exercício, con [...] sumo máximo de oxigênio, pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) de repouso, no esforço máximo e aos seis minutos da recuperação. RESULTADOS: No repouso, a PAS teve valores maiores no sexo masculino e a PAD não mostrou diferença entre os sexos, porém ambas aumentaram com a idade. No exercício ocorreu elevação da PAS e queda da PAD em ambos os sexos. A variação da PAS foi maior no sexo masculino, principalmente acima dos 14 anos. CONCLUSÃO: A análise dos resultados demonstrou que a PAS durante o exercício teve relação direta com idade, peso, altura e índice de massa corpórea do indivíduo e a PAD teve relação apenas com a idade. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Describe arterial blood pressure response in adolescents undergoing exercise stress testing. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 218 adolescents (131 of whom were males), aged between 10 to 19 years, undergoing exercise stress testing. Maximum heart rate, total exerci [...] se time, maximum oxygen uptake, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) at rest, during maximal physical exertion and at six minutes of recovery were measured. RESULTS: At rest, SBP values were greater in males and no difference was found in DBP between genders, although both increased with age. During exercise, SBP rose and DBP fell in both genders. SBP variation was greater in men, particularly in those over 14 years of age. CONCLUSION: Analysis of results showed that during physical exercise, SBP had a direct relationship with the individual?s age, weight, height and body mass index, whereas DBP bore a relationship to age only.

Becker, Mônica de Moraes Chaves; Silva, Odwaldo Barbosa e; Moreira, Isaura Elaine Gonçalves; Victor, Edgar Guimarães.

106

Impact of Two Types of Sodium and Ultra Filtration Profiles on Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure in patients during Hemodialysis  

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Full Text Available Background & Aim: Intradialytic hypotension is the most frequent complication in patients receiving haemodialysis (HD. This complication not only contributes to the illness of the patients, but also decreases the efficacy of the HD. So, hypotension prevention is a major challenge for medical team, especially for nurses. One of the preventive methods that have recently been presented is the use of sodium profile and ultra filtration (UF profile. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of linear sodium + UF profile (type1 with stepwise sodium + UF profile (type3 on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in HD patients. Methods & Materials: In this crossover design study, 26 HD patients from two dialysis centers at Esfahan University underwent three kinds of treatment: (1 control, constant dialysate sodium concentration of 138 mmol/L with constant UF; (2 linear sodium profile + UF profile (type1, a linearly decreasing dialysate sodium concentration (146-138mmol/L in combination with a linearly decreasing UF rate; and (3 stepwise sodium profile + UF profile (type2, a stepwise decreasing dialysate sodium concentration (146-138 mmol/L in combination with a stepwise decreasing UF rate. Each treatment was applied in three dialysis sessions. Data were analyzed using repeated measure ANOVA test in the SPSS. Results: Twenty six patients participated in the study. A total of 234 dialysis sessions were analyzed. There were no significant differences in the systolic blood pressure between three groups during predialysis and first and the second hours (P>0.05. The mean of systolic blood pressures were higher in the third hour and postdialysis during two types of profiles (1&3 compared with the routine care group (P<0.05. The mean of diastolic blood pressure was also higher in postdialysis during two types of profiles (1&3 compared with the routine group (P<0.05. There was no significant difference between the profiles 1and 3 (P>0.05. Conclusion: In conclusion, sodium profile + UF profile is a simple and cost-effective method that modulate the dialysate sodium and ultra filtration rate and preserve the homodynamic status and blood pressure of patients during dialysis. Therefore, using sodium profile + UF profile (type1 & type3 is recommended in order to prevent hypotension and reduce nursing work during hemodialysis process.  

M Ghafourifard

2010-08-01

107

On Using Maximum a Posteriori Probability Based on a Bayesian Model for Oscillometric Blood Pressure Estimation  

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The maximum amplitude algorithm (MAA) is generally utilized in the estimation of the pressure values, and it uses heuristically obtained ratios of systolic and diastolic oscillometric amplitude to the mean arterial pressure (known as systolic and diastolic ratios) in order to estimate the systolic and diastolic pressures. This paper proposes a Bayesian model to estimate the systolic and diastolic ratios. These ratios are an improvement over the single fixed systolic and diastolic ratios used ...

Soojeong Lee; Gwanggil Jeon; Gangseong Lee

2013-01-01

108

Probing genetic overlap in the regulation of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in Danish and Chinese twins  

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Although the phenotypic correlation between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is well known, the genetic basis for the correlation has rarely been investigated. The aim of this paper is to examine the genetic overlap between SBP and DBP by fitting bivariate models to Danish and Chinese twins and comparing ethnic differences between the two samples. Our estimates revealed a high proportion of additive genetic components shared by both SBP and DBP in Danish (0.71, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.65-0.75) and Chinese (0.62, 95% CI: 0.50-0.71) twins with no statistically significant ethnic differences. The estimated genetic component in phenotypic correlation could serve to guide molecular genetic studies searching for genetic variants that affect both SBP and DBP. The bivariate model also estimated genetic and environmental contributions to SBP and DBP separately, with an overall pattern of higher genetic regulation or heritability in Danish (0.72, 95% CI: 0.67-0.76 for SBP; 0.70, 95% CI: 0.65-0.75 for DBP) than in Chinese (0.54, 95% CI: 0.44-0.63 for SBP; 0.57, 95% CI: 0.47-0.65 for DBP) twins and a higher contribution from unique environmental factors in Chinese compared with Danish twins. The estimated contribution from unique environmental factors suggests that promoting healthy lifestyles may provide an efficient way of controlling high blood pressure, particularly in the Chinese population.

Li, Shuxia; von Bornemann Hjelmborg, Jacob

2014-01-01

109

Influence of the elevation of the left ventricular diastolic pressure on the values of the first temporal derivative of the ventricular pressure (dP/dt)  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: To assess the effects of the elevation of the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) on the value of the 1st temporal derivative of the ventricular pressure (dP/dt). METHODS: Nineteen anesthetized dogs were studied. The dogs were mechanically ventilated and underwent thoracotomy wi [...] th parasympathetic nervous system block. The LVEDP was controlled with the use of a perfusion circuit connected to the left atrium and adjusted to the height of a reservoir. The elevation of the LVEDP was achieved by a sudden increase in the height of a reservoir filled with blood. Continuous recordings of the electrocardiogram, the aortic and ventricular pressures and the dP/dt were performed. RESULTS: Elevation of the LVEDP did not result in any variation of the heart rate (167±16.0bpm, before the procedure; 167±15.5bpm, after the procedure). All the other variables assessed, including systolic blood pressure (128±18.3mmHg and 150±21.5mmHg), diastolic blood pressure (98±16.9mmHg and 115±19.8mmHg), LVEDP (5.5±2.49 and 9.3±3.60mmHg), and dP/dt (4,855 ± 1,082 mmHg/s and 5,149±1,242mmHg/s) showed significant increases following the expansion of the ventricular cavity. Although the elevation of the dP/dt was statistically significant, 6 dogs curiously showed a decrease in the values of dP/dt. CONCLUSION: Sudden elevation of the LVEDP resulted in increased values of dP/dt; however, in some dogs, this response was not uniform.

Katashi, Okoshi; José Roberto, Fioretto; Rossano César, Bonatto; Maria Teresinha Trovarelli, Tornero; Paulo José, Tucci.

110

Influence of the elevation of the left ventricular diastolic pressure on the values of the first temporal derivative of the ventricular pressure (dP/dt  

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Full Text Available PURPOSE: To assess the effects of the elevation of the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP on the value of the 1st temporal derivative of the ventricular pressure (dP/dt. METHODS: Nineteen anesthetized dogs were studied. The dogs were mechanically ventilated and underwent thoracotomy with parasympathetic nervous system block. The LVEDP was controlled with the use of a perfusion circuit connected to the left atrium and adjusted to the height of a reservoir. The elevation of the LVEDP was achieved by a sudden increase in the height of a reservoir filled with blood. Continuous recordings of the electrocardiogram, the aortic and ventricular pressures and the dP/dt were performed. RESULTS: Elevation of the LVEDP did not result in any variation of the heart rate (167±16.0bpm, before the procedure; 167±15.5bpm, after the procedure. All the other variables assessed, including systolic blood pressure (128±18.3mmHg and 150±21.5mmHg, diastolic blood pressure (98±16.9mmHg and 115±19.8mmHg, LVEDP (5.5±2.49 and 9.3±3.60mmHg, and dP/dt (4,855 ± 1,082 mmHg/s and 5,149±1,242mmHg/s showed significant increases following the expansion of the ventricular cavity. Although the elevation of the dP/dt was statistically significant, 6 dogs curiously showed a decrease in the values of dP/dt. CONCLUSION: Sudden elevation of the LVEDP resulted in increased values of dP/dt; however, in some dogs, this response was not uniform.

Okoshi Katashi

1999-01-01

111

The Inter-Arm Diastolic Blood Pressure Difference Induced by One Arm Ischemia: A New Approach to Assess Vascular Endothelia Function  

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Objectives To evaluate whether inter-arm diastolic blood pressure difference (DBPl-r) induced by one arm ischemia correlates with flow-mediated dilatation (FMD). Methods Bilateral arm BPs were simultaneously measured with two automatic devices and right brachial artery diameter (D) was measured by ultrasound technique in 108 subjects (56 hypertensives and 52 normotensives). Following baseline diameter (D0) and BP measurement, right brachial artery was occluded for 5 minutes. The diameter was measured at 1, 1.5 and 2 min, and bilateral BPs measured at 3, 4 and 5 min after occlusion release. Their averages were recorded as post-D and post-BP, respectively. The difference between post-D and D0 (?D) was calculated as the percentage increase of artery diameter (?D/D0). The BP difference between left and right arms was calculated as BPl-r, and the difference of post- BPl-r and baseline BPl-r was recorded as the net change of BPl-r (?BPl-r). Results At baseline, bilateral SBPs and DBPs were similar. Right arm ischemia induced significant DBP decline only in the right arm (68.8±12.7 vs 72.6±12.0 mmHg, P<0.05), which led to an increase of ?DBPl-r (4.00±3.75 vs 0.78±4.47 mmHg, P<0.05). A positive correlation was seen between ?D/D0 and ?DBPl-r (r?=?0.744, p<0.001). Furthermore, the correlation between age and ?DBPl-r (r?=??0.358, P<0.01) was similar to that between age and D/D0 (r?=??0.398, P<0.01). Meanwhile, both ?DBPl-r and ?D/D0 were significantly lower in hypertensive patients than in normotensive patients. Conclusion The inter-arm DBP difference induced by one arm ischemia may be a potential index for clinical evaluation of vascular endothelial function.

Su, Hai; Wang, Jiwei; Xu, Jinsong; Liu, Yanna; Huang, Ming; Cheng, Xiaoshu

2014-01-01

112

Biochemical Effects of Lead Exposure on Systolic & Diastolic Blood Pressure, Heme Biosynthesis and Hematological Parameters in Automobile Workers of North Karnataka (India)  

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The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of lead exposure on systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heme biosynthesis related and hematological parameters of automobile workers. For this study 30 automobile workers were selected and compared with 30 age matched healthy control subjects. Significantly increased blood lead (364%, P < 0.001) and urinary lead (176%, P < 0.001) levels were observed in automobile workers (study group) as compared to controls. Systolic blood pressure...

2011-01-01

113

Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and risk of subsequent heart failure in patients following an acute myocardial infarction.  

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Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) is an important measure of ventricular performance and may identify patients at increased risk for developing late clinical symptoms of heart failure (HF). The primary outcome in this analysis of 744 patients from the Survival and Ventricular Enlargement (SAVE) trial was the development of death or HF over a mean time of 36 months. The mean LVEDP for all patients was 23+/-9 mm Hg, and 75% of participants (n=558) had an LVEDP >15 mm Hg. Patients with an LVEDP >30 mm Hg (n=187) had the highest risk of death or HF (unadjusted hazard ratio, 1.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00-1.97) when compared with the other 2 cohorts combined (n=603). After adjustment for other known predictors of cardiac risk, LVEDP no longer remained significant (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.77-1.65). Elevated LVEDP is common following myocardial infarction; however, it is not an independent predictor of subsequent HF risk. The variability in LVEDP is not fully explained by infarct size and atherosclerotic burden. PMID:17673873

Mielniczuk, Lisa M; Lamas, Gervasio A; Flaker, Greg C; Mitchell, Gary; Smith, Sidney C; Gersh, Bernard J; Solomon, Scott D; Moyé, Lemuel A; Rouleau, Jean L; Rutherford, John D; Pfeffer, Marc A

2007-01-01

114

Determining the Arterial Blood Pressure of People Living in Yesilyurt Local Healthcare Office  

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Full Text Available AIM: Whereas the prevalance of arterial blood pressure which was a chronical health problem was 20%-25% among 30 year-old people, them showing an increase in aging, the percentage went as high as 50% in 60?s and later ages. What was that worrisome was that despite the high prevalance, only half of these received treathment. This is study was descriptively and cross-sectionally planned to determine whether the people asking their tensions to be measured in and around the Yesilyurt local healthcare office region. METHODS: The environment of the research consisted of 1400 people over 35 age and registered Yesilyurt Local healthcare Office and the whole of the environment were included in this sample. The study was conducted over 340 voluntaries. The data was collected by a questionnaire of 14 questions containing socio-demografic features and by measuring the arterial blood pressure, height and weight of the individuals. In the evaluation of the data, chi-square test was used and the level of significantly was accepted as 0.05. RESULTS: In this study, the rate of high sistolic blood pressure was found to be 21.47% and the rate of high diastolic blood pressure to be 8.23%. It was determined that age and body mass index varrieties were effective on sistolic hipertension. It was also found that in their behaviors of the use of hypertensive medicine, of regular arterial pressure controls and of having the hypertesion diagnosis significant differnces varied statistically on both sistolic and diastolic blood pressure people having. CONCLUSION: In order to improve the health, informative information abouth hypertension was provided for the participants for too days consisting of 4 sessions. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(1.000: 53-58

Feyza Dereli

2009-02-01

115

Changes in the retrobulbar arterial circulation after decrease of the elevated intraocular pressure in men and women with primary open angle glaucoma  

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Full Text Available Introduction. An altered perfusion of the optic nerve head has been proposed as a pathogenic factor of glaucoma. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes of the hemodynamic parameters in the retrobulbar arterial circulation after decrease of the elevated intraocular pressure (IOP in women and men with primary open angle glaucoma. Methods. The study included 60 patients (33 males and 27 females older than 50 years, with diagnosed and treated primary open angle glaucoma (77 eyes of 39 patients had increased IOP, >25 mm Hg. They were examined at the Clinic of Eye Diseases (complete ophthalmologic exam and Clinic of Neurology, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, from December 2009 to December 2010. Imaging of hemodynamic parameters of three retrobulbar arterial vessels: ophthalmic, central retinal and posterior ciliary arteries with color Doppler was performed. Results. Among women, hemodynamic arterial parameter of the peak-systolic velocity was increased in the central retinal artery and decreased in the ophthalmic artery and posterior ciliary arteries; end- diastolic velocity was increased in all three retrobulbar vascular levels; Pourcelot resistivity index was increased, but pulsatility index was decreased in all three vessels. Among men, peak-systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity and pulsatility index were decreased in all three vessels; resistivity index was increased in the ophthalmic artery, but decreased in the central retinal artery and posterior ciliary arteries. There was a significant change of the ophthalmic artery pulsatility index in women, and the end-diastolic velocity of the ophthalmic artery in men. Conclusion. There was a difference of the retrobulbar arterial circulation between women and men with primary open angle glaucoma after decrease of the elevated intraocular pressure. The role of vascular factors in the supply of the optic disc neuroretinal rim is important.

Marjanovi? Ivan

2013-01-01

116

Valores de presión arterial en escolares sanos de una escuela primaria del municipio Cerro Arterial pressure values in healthy students from a primary school of Cerro municipality  

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Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: la hipertensión constituye un notable problema de salud en el ámbito mundial que determina una importante causa de morbilidad, en la que están involucrados factores genéticos y ambientales. La presión arterial en la infancia aumenta progresivamente a lo largo de los años, y es una importante variable a considerar. OBJETIVO: caracterizar el comportamiento de algunas variables cardiovasculares y nutricionales en escolares supuestamente sanos. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio de tipo descriptivo de cohorte transversal, en el que fueron estudiados escolares supuestamente sanos de una escuela primaria del municipio Cerro, en Ciudad de La Habana, en el período comprendido desde el 1ro. de diciembre de 2006 al 28 de febrero de 2007. El universo estuvo constituido por 358 niños de ambos sexos entre 5 y 11 años de edad. Las variables estudiadas fueron: presión arterial sistólica, presión arterial diastólica, presión arterial media, frecuencia cardiaca, peso, talla e índice de masa corporal. RESULTADOS: los resultados muestran cifras de presión arterial sistólica entre 77 y 104 mmHg, valores de presión arterial diastólica entre 43 a 64 mmHg, mientras que los valores de presión arterial media oscilan en un intervalo de 57 a 72 mmHg. La frecuencia cardiaca fue mayor en escolares de menor edad con respecto a los de mayor edad. El peso, la talla y el índice de masa corporal se incrementan con la edad. CONCLUSIONES: se concluye que los valores de presión arterial sistólica, diastólica y media en escolares de ambos sexos se incrementan con la edad, no así los de frecuencia cardiaca, cuya tendencia es a disminuir a medida que la edad aumenta. Los valores que corresponden al índice de masa corporal se elevan con la edad.INTRODUCTION: hypertension is a marked health problem at world scale determining significant causes of morbidity, in which are involved genetic and environmental factors. Infantile arterial pressure increases progressively during years, and it is a significant variable to be considered. AIM: to characterize behavior of some cardiovascular and nutritional variables in supposedly healthy students. METHODS: authors made a cross-sectional descriptive study in supposedly health students from a primary school of Cerro municipality in Havana City from December 1st 2006 to February 28, 2007. Sample included 358 children of both sexes aged between 5 and 11. Study variable were: systolic high blood pressure, diastolic arterial pressure, mean arterial pressure, cardiac frequency, weight, height and body mass index (BMI. RESULTS: results show figures of systolic arterial pressure between 77 and 104 mmHg, diastolic arterial pressure between 43 and 64 mmHg, whereas mean arterial pressure oscillate in a interval of 57-72 mmHg. Cardiac frequency was greater in younger ones regarding those oldest. Weight, height and MBI increase with age. CONCLUSIONS: we conclude that systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure in students of both sexes increase with age, but not cardiac frequency, whose trend is to decrease insofar as age increases. Values corresponding to BMI increase with age.

Roberto Francisco Corredera Guerra

2009-03-01

117

Biological aortic age derived from the arterial pressure waveform  

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Indexes for arterial stiffness are, by their nature, influenced by the ambient blood pressure due to the curvilinear nature of arterial compliance. We developed a new concept of the “Modelflow aortic age,” which is, theoretically, not influenced by the ambient blood pressure and provides an easily understood context (biological vs. chronological age) for measures of arterial stiffness. The purpose of the present study was to validate this pressure-independent index for aortic stiffness in...

Shibata, Shigeki; Levine, Benjamin D.

2011-01-01

118

Results of ambulatory arterial blood pressure monitoring in children with obesity  

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Full Text Available Objectives: The relationship between obesity and essential hypertension is well known. In this study, we aimed to evaluate ambulatory arterial blood pressure monitoring of obese and non-obese children who had similar demographic characteristics.Materials and methods: Seventy one children and adolescents (n=39 obesity, n=32 controls were studied. Blood pressure of the children were measured by 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring device.Results: Obese children had significantly higher mean blood pressure values (systolic 121.9±11.7 mmHg, diastolic 70.2±5.3 mmHg than control subjects (systolic 109.3±6.7 mmHg, diastolic 65.1±4.6 mmHg, p0.05. Blood pressure load was found to be increased in obese children compared to the controls (%13.6±12.9 and %2.6±3.4, respectively; p<0.05. Serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels of obese children (181.1±33.4 and 131.1±23.1mg/dl were significantly higher than those of the controls (134.3±11.1 and 103.3±14.2 mg/dl, p<0.05.Conclusions: Obesity in children and adolescents should not be regarded as variations of normality, but as abnormality with an extremely high risk for the development of hypertension and hyperlipidemia in adulthood.

Faruk Öktem

2010-12-01

119

Effects of mercury on the arterial blood pressure of anesthetized rats  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english The available data suggests that hypotension caused by Hg2+ administration may be produced by a reduction of cardiac contractility or by cholinergic mechanisms. The hemodynamic effects of an intravenous injection of HgCl2 (5 mg/kg) were studied in anesthetized rats (N = 12) by monitoring left and ri [...] ght ventricular (LV and RV) systolic and diastolic pressures for 120 min. After HgCl2 administration the LV systolic pressure decreased only after 40 min (99 ± 3.3 to 85 ± 8.8 mmHg at 80 min). However, RV systolic pressure increased, initially slowly but faster after 30 min (25 ± 1.8 to 42 ± 1.6 mmHg at 80 min). Both right and left diastolic pressures increased after HgCl2 treatment, suggesting the development of diastolic ventricular dysfunction. Since HgCl2 could be increasing pulmonary vascular resistance, isolated lungs (N = 10) were perfused for 80 min with Krebs solution (continuous flow of 10 ml/min) containing or not 5 µM HgCl2. A continuous increase in pulmonary vascular resistance was observed, suggesting the direct effect of Hg2+ on the pulmonary vessels (12 ± 0.4 to 29 ± 3.2 mmHg at 30 min). To examine the interactions of Hg2+ and changes in cholinergic activity we analyzed the effects of acetylcholine (Ach) on mean arterial blood pressure (ABP) in anesthetized rats (N = 9) before and after Hg2+ treatment (5 mg/kg). Using the same amount and route used to study the hemodynamic effects we also examined the effects of Hg2+ administration on heart and plasma cholinesterase activity (N = 10). The in vivo hypotensive response to Ach (0.035 to 10.5 µg) was reduced after Hg2+ treatment. Cholinesterase activity (µM h-1 mg protein-1) increased in heart and plasma (32 and 65%, respectively) after Hg2+ treatment. In conclusion, the reduction in ABP produced by Hg2+ is not dependent on a putative increase in cholinergic activity. HgCl2 mainly affects cardiac function. The increased pulmonary vascular resistance and cardiac failure due to diastolic dysfunction of both ventricles are factors that might contribute to the reduction of cardiac output and the fall in arterial pressure.

L.V., Rossoni; S.M.C., Amaral; P.F., Vassallo; A., França; E.M., Oliveira; K.J., Varner; J.G., Mill; D.V., Vassallo.

120

Effects of mercury on the arterial blood pressure of anesthetized rats  

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Full Text Available The available data suggests that hypotension caused by Hg2+ administration may be produced by a reduction of cardiac contractility or by cholinergic mechanisms. The hemodynamic effects of an intravenous injection of HgCl2 (5 mg/kg were studied in anesthetized rats (N = 12 by monitoring left and right ventricular (LV and RV systolic and diastolic pressures for 120 min. After HgCl2 administration the LV systolic pressure decreased only after 40 min (99 ± 3.3 to 85 ± 8.8 mmHg at 80 min. However, RV systolic pressure increased, initially slowly but faster after 30 min (25 ± 1.8 to 42 ± 1.6 mmHg at 80 min. Both right and left diastolic pressures increased after HgCl2 treatment, suggesting the development of diastolic ventricular dysfunction. Since HgCl2 could be increasing pulmonary vascular resistance, isolated lungs (N = 10 were perfused for 80 min with Krebs solution (continuous flow of 10 ml/min containing or not 5 µM HgCl2. A continuous increase in pulmonary vascular resistance was observed, suggesting the direct effect of Hg2+ on the pulmonary vessels (12 ± 0.4 to 29 ± 3.2 mmHg at 30 min. To examine the interactions of Hg2+ and changes in cholinergic activity we analyzed the effects of acetylcholine (Ach on mean arterial blood pressure (ABP in anesthetized rats (N = 9 before and after Hg2+ treatment (5 mg/kg. Using the same amount and route used to study the hemodynamic effects we also examined the effects of Hg2+ administration on heart and plasma cholinesterase activity (N = 10. The in vivo hypotensive response to Ach (0.035 to 10.5 µg was reduced after Hg2+ treatment. Cholinesterase activity (µM h-1 mg protein-1 increased in heart and plasma (32 and 65%, respectively after Hg2+ treatment. In conclusion, the reduction in ABP produced by Hg2+ is not dependent on a putative increase in cholinergic activity. HgCl2 mainly affects cardiac function. The increased pulmonary vascular resistance and cardiac failure due to diastolic dysfunction of both ventricles are factors that might contribute to the reduction of cardiac output and the fall in arterial pressure.

L.V. Rossoni

1999-08-01

 
 
 
 
121

Doppler Tissue Imaging: A Non-Invasive Technique for Estimation of Left Ventricular End Diastolic Pressure in Severe Mitral Regurgitation  

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Full Text Available Background: Conventional Doppler measurements, including mitral inflow and pulmonary venous flow, are used to estimate left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP. However, these parameters have limitations in predicting LVEDP among patients with mitral regurgitation. This study sought to establish whether the correlation between measurements derived from tissue Doppler echocardiography and LVEDP remains valid in the setting of severe mitral regurgitation.Methods: Thirty patients (mean age: 57.37 ± 13.29 years with severe mitral regurgitation and a mean left ventricular ejection fraction (EF of 46.0 ± 14.95 were enrolled; 16 (53.4% patients were defined to have EF < 50% and 14 (46.6% patients had EF ? 50%. Doppler signals from the mitral inflow, pulmonary venous flow, and Doppler tissue imaging indices were obtained, and LVEDP was measured invasively through cardiac catheterization.Results: The majority of the standard Doppler and Doppler tissue imaging indices were not significantly correlated with LVEDP in the univariate analysis. In the multiple linear regression, however, early (E transmitral velocity to annular E' (E/E' ratio (ß = 1.09, p value < 0.01, E wave velocity to propagation velocity (E/Vp ratio (ß = 7.87, p value < 0.01, and isovolumic relaxation time (ß = 0.21, p value = 0.01 were shown as independent predictors of LVEDP (R2 = 91.7%.Conclusion: The ratio of E/Vp and E/E' ratio and also the isovolumic relaxation time could be applied properly to estimate LVEDP in mitral regurgitation patients even in the setting of severe mitral regurgitation.

Mojtaba Salarifar

2010-08-01

122

Monitorização residencial da pressão arterial e monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial versus medida de pressão arterial no consultório Home blood pressure measurement and ambulatory blood pressure measurement versus office blood pressure measurement  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Comparar a monitorização residencial da pressão arterial (MRPA e monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA com os registros de consultório e correlacionar o índice de massa de ventrículo esquerdo (IMVE com a MRPA e medida de consultório. MÉTODOS: Protocolo 1 - Sessenta e oito hipertensos (58±12 anos, 37 mulheres realizaram: a MRPA durante 7 dias; b MAPA de 24h; e c medida da pressão arterial no consultório, pelo médico. Protocolo 2 - 41 hipertensos (48 ± 14 anos, 25 mulheres além de MRPA e medida no consultório, realizaram ecocardiograma bi-dimensional. RESULTADOS: Protocolo 1 - a medida de consultório (153±24/96±13mmHg foi maior (p0,05. CONCLUSÃO: A MRPA apresentou valores menores do que a medida de consultório e semelhantes aos da MAPA, além de melhor correlação com IMVE do que a medida de consultório.PURPOSE: To compare both home blood pressure measurement (HBPM and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM with office blood pressure measurement (OBP; and also to compare the correlation between HBPM and OBP with LVMI (left ventricular mass index. METHODS: Protocol 1 - 68 hypertensive patients (58±12 years, 37 females: a self recorded blood pressure at home in the 7 days; b recorded the ABPM during 24 hours; and c the physician recorded blood pressure in the office. Protocol 2- 41 hypertensive patients underwent the HBPM, OBP, and BI-dimensional echocardiogram. RESULTS: Protocol 1 - OBP (153±24/96±13mmHg was higher (p0.05, systolic and diastolic, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study showed that HBPM has a better correlation with LVMI than OBP.

Marco A. M. Gomes

1998-10-01

123

Monitorização residencial da pressão arterial e monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial versus medida de pressão arterial no consultório / Home blood pressure measurement and ambulatory blood pressure measurement versus office blood pressure measurement  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Comparar a monitorização residencial da pressão arterial (MRPA) e monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA) com os registros de consultório e correlacionar o índice de massa de ventrículo esquerdo (IMVE) com a MRPA e medida de consultório. MÉTODOS: Protocolo 1 - Sessenta e oit [...] o hipertensos (58±12 anos, 37 mulheres) realizaram: a) MRPA durante 7 dias; b) MAPA de 24h; e c) medida da pressão arterial no consultório, pelo médico. Protocolo 2 - 41 hipertensos (48 ± 14 anos, 25 mulheres) além de MRPA e medida no consultório, realizaram ecocardiograma bi-dimensional. RESULTADOS: Protocolo 1 - a medida de consultório (153±24/96±13mmHg) foi maior (p0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A MRPA apresentou valores menores do que a medida de consultório e semelhantes aos da MAPA, além de melhor correlação com IMVE do que a medida de consultório. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To compare both home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) with office blood pressure measurement (OBP); and also to compare the correlation between HBPM and OBP with LVMI (left ventricular mass index). METHODS: Protocol 1 - 68 hypertensive patien [...] ts (58±12 years, 37 females): a) self recorded blood pressure at home in the 7 days; b) recorded the ABPM during 24 hours; and c) the physician recorded blood pressure in the office. Protocol 2- 41 hypertensive patients underwent the HBPM, OBP, and BI-dimensional echocardiogram. RESULTS: Protocol 1 - OBP (153±24/96±13mmHg) was higher (p0.05, systolic and diastolic, respectively). CONCLUSION: This study showed that HBPM has a better correlation with LVMI than OBP.

Gomes, Marco A. M.; Pierin, Angela M.G.; Segre, Carlos A.; Mion Jr, Décio.

124

Assessment of changes in left ventricular diastolic filling during dipyridamole infusion in patients with coronary artery disease  

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Twenty patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and 8 normal subjects underwent first-pass radionuclide ventriculography before and after dipyridamole tests. Hemodynamic parameters were evaluated in early and late diastolic phases. In the normal group, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased after dipyridamole infusion. In addition, dipyridamole infusion was associated with an increase in left ventricular early filling time (FT) and early filling volume (FV) and a decrease in late FT and late FV. Left ventricular early peak filling rate (PFR) was significantly increased. In the IHD group, however, there was no significant change in LVEF. Both left ventricular early FT and early FV were decreased, and both late FT and late FV were increased. In the group of IHD patients, the time to early PFR was significantly prolonged, although there was no difference in early PFR, late PFR, and the ratio of early to late PFRs. These results indicate that dipyridamole infusion does not always induce a decrease in left ventricular contractile function in ischemic heart, but maintains the left ventricular FV by compensated mechanism of late filling ability for the decreased left ventricular early filling ability. (N.K.)

1993-02-01

125

Comparison of cardiovascular magnetic resonance of late gadolinium enhancement and diastolic wall thickness to predict recovery of left ventricular function after coronary artery bypass surgery  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective was to compare the value of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE and end-diastolic wall thickness (EDWT assessed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR in predicting recovery of left ventricular function after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG. Methods We enrolled patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular ejection fraction Results We studied 46 men and 4 women with an average age of 61 years. Baseline left ventricular ejection fraction was 37 ± 13%. A total of 2,020 myocardial segments were analyzed. Abnormal wall motion and the LGE area were detected in 1,446 segments (71.6% and 1,196 segments (59.2% respectively. Wall motion improvement was demonstrated in 481 of 1,227 segments (39.2% that initially had wall motion abnormalities at baseline. Logistic regression analysis showed that the LGE area, EDWT and resting wall motion grade predicted wall motion improvement. Comparison of Receiver-Operator-Characteristic (ROC curves demonstrated that the LGE area was the most important predictor (p Conclusion LGE and EDWT are independent predictors for functional recovery after revascularization. However, LGE appears to be a more important factor and independent of EDWT.

Udompunturak Suthipol

2008-09-01

126

Soybean oil increases SERCA2a expression and left ventricular contractility in rats without change in arterial blood pressure  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Our aim was to evaluate the effects of soybean oil treatment for 15 days on arterial and ventricular pressure, myocardial mechanics and proteins involved in calcium handling. Methods Wistar rats were divided in two groups receiving 100 ?L of soybean oil (SB or saline (CT i.m. for 15 days. Ventricular performance was analyzed in male 12-weeks old Wistar rats by measuring left ventricle diastolic and systolic pressure in isolated perfused hearts according to the Langendorff technique. Protein expression was measured by Western blot analysis. Results Systolic and diastolic arterial pressures did not differ between CT and SB rats. However, heart rate was reduced in the SB group. In the perfused hearts, left ventricular isovolumetric systolic pressure was higher in the SB hearts. The inotropic response to extracellular Ca2+ and isoproterenol was higher in the soybean-treated animals than in the control group. Myosin ATPase and Na+-K+ATPase activities, the expression of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump (SERCA2a and sodium calcium exchanger (NCX were increased in the SB group. Although the phosfolamban (PLB expression did not change, its phosphorylation at Ser16 was reduced while the SERCA2a/PLB ratio was increased. Conclusions In summary, soybean treatment for 15 days in rats increases the left ventricular performance without affecting arterial blood pressure. These changes might be associated with an increase in the myosin ATPase activity and SERCA2a expression.

Vassallo Dalton

2010-05-01

127

Circadian rhythms of arterial pressure, heart rate and oral temperature in truck drivers.  

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Circadian rhythms of arterial pressure (AP), heart rate (HR) and oral temperature (OT) were studied in healthy male truck drivers and in a control group of air traffic controllers. Twenty-four-hour records of systolic and diastolic AP and HR and of OT were obtained from 12 truck drivers both during the outward and homeward journey in Europe and Asia, and from 12 air traffic controllers during a morning shift. Data were analyzed by the cosinor method. The results obtained in the control group were as follows (mesor/amplitude/acrophase): systolic AP (mm Hg): 111.1/6.1/16.51 h; diastolic AP: 68.4%5.6/16.58 h; HR (b.p.m.): 77.07/7.6/17.46 h; OT (dg C): 36.74/0.21/17.26 h. Statistically significant acrophase advances were observed for the circadian rhythms of systolic, diastolic and mean AP and of HR in TD during the outward journey in comparison with the control ATC group. These differences were still present during the homeward journey, in combination with an acrophase delay of the circadian rhythm of OT. Our results supply grounds to suppose that extended working time combined with greater load during a long-lasting trip may act to generate an internal desynchronization of circadian rhythms in long-haul truck drivers. PMID:9156470

Stoynev, A G; Minkova, N K

1997-04-01

128

The clinical usefulness of central hemodynamics to evaluate diastolic dysfunction in subjects without hypertension  

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Objective Diastolic dysfunction is associated with increased arterial stiffness in patients with hypertension. However, the role of arterial stiffness in diastolic dysfunction in subjects without hypertension has not been fully established. Materials and methods A total of 287 subjects (male:female ratio 121:166, mean age 53.0±14.4 years) without hypertension or any heart disease who simultaneously received transthoracic echocardiography and noninvasively semiautomated radial artery applanation tonometry (with an Omron HEM-9000AI) in the Department of Internal Medicine, St Vincent’s Hospital, from July 2011 to September 2012, were enrolled in this study. Results A total of 147 subjects (male:female ratio 59:88, mean age 61.7±9.9 years), representing 51.2% of the 287 subjects, had diastolic dysfunction (defined as abnormal relaxation pattern of mitral inflow). There were significant differences in systolic blood pressure (BP), pulse pressure, late systolic peak pressure (SBP2), and radial augmentation index (RaAIx) between normal diastolic function and diastolic dysfunction. ?BP was defined as systolic BP minus SBP2, because of the difference in systolic BP between the two groups. ?BP (odds ratio [OR] 1.059, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.005–1.115; P=0.032) and RaAIx (odds ratio 1.027, 95% CI 1.009–1.044, P=0.003) were associated with diastolic dysfunction. A receiver operating-characteristic curve showed that ?BP (area under the curve 0.875, 95% CI 0.832–0.911) and RaAIx (area under the curve 0.878, 95% CI 0.835–0.914) were associated with diastolic dysfunction. Conclusion We found that ?BP and increased RaAIx were associated with diastolic dysfunction in subjects without hypertension after adjustment for age and sex. Therefore, it is suggested that noninvasive estimation of central BP may be useful to reflect diastolic dysfunction in subjects with normal peripheral BP.

Kim, GeeHee; Kim, Ji-Hoon; Moon, Keon-Woong; Yoo, Ki-Dong; Ihm, Sang-Hyun; Youn, Ho-Joong; Kim, Chul-Min

2014-01-01

129

Downstream Hepatic Arterial Blood Pressure Changes Caused by Deployment of the Surefire AntiReflux Expandable Tip  

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Purpose: The purpose of this work was to evaluate blood pressure changes caused by deployment of the Surefire antireflux expandable tip. The pressure measurements are relevant because they imply changes in hepatoenteric arterial blood flow within this liver compartment during hepatic artery delivery of cytotoxic agents. Methods: After positioning the Surefire antireflux system in the targeted hepatic artery, blood pressure was obtained initially with the tip collapsed (or through a femoral artery sheath), then again after the tip was expanded before chemoembolization or yttrium 90 ({sup 90}Y) radioembolization. Results: Eighteen patients with liver malignancy underwent 29 procedures in 29 hepatic arteries (3 common hepatic, 22 lobar, 4 segmental). Systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure were all decreased by a mean of 29 mm Hg (p = 0.000004), 14 mm Hg (p = 0.0000004), and 22 mm Hg (p = 0.00000001), respectively. Conclusion: When the Surefire expandable tip is deployed to prevent retrograde reflux of agents, it also results in a significant decrease in blood pressure in the antegrade distribution, potentially resulting in hepatopedal blood flow in vessels that are difficult to embolize, such as the supraduodenal arteries.

Rose, Steven C., E-mail: scrose@ucsd.edu; Kikolski, Steven G. [University of California, San Diego Health Sciences, Department of Radiology 8756, UCSD Medical Center (United States); Chomas, James E. [Surefire Medical, Inc. (United States)

2013-10-15

130

Downstream Hepatic Arterial Blood Pressure Changes Caused by Deployment of the Surefire AntiReflux Expandable Tip  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The purpose of this work was to evaluate blood pressure changes caused by deployment of the Surefire antireflux expandable tip. The pressure measurements are relevant because they imply changes in hepatoenteric arterial blood flow within this liver compartment during hepatic artery delivery of cytotoxic agents. Methods: After positioning the Surefire antireflux system in the targeted hepatic artery, blood pressure was obtained initially with the tip collapsed (or through a femoral artery sheath), then again after the tip was expanded before chemoembolization or yttrium 90 (90Y) radioembolization. Results: Eighteen patients with liver malignancy underwent 29 procedures in 29 hepatic arteries (3 common hepatic, 22 lobar, 4 segmental). Systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressure were all decreased by a mean of 29 mm Hg (p = 0.000004), 14 mm Hg (p = 0.0000004), and 22 mm Hg (p = 0.00000001), respectively. Conclusion: When the Surefire expandable tip is deployed to prevent retrograde reflux of agents, it also results in a significant decrease in blood pressure in the antegrade distribution, potentially resulting in hepatopedal blood flow in vessels that are difficult to embolize, such as the supraduodenal arteries

2013-10-01

131

Artificial arterial blood pressure artifact models and an evaluation of a robust blood pressure and heart rate estimator  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Within the intensive care unit (ICU, arterial blood pressure (ABP is typically recorded at different (and sometimes uneven sampling frequencies, and from different sensors, and is often corrupted by different artifacts and noise which are often non-Gaussian, nonlinear and nonstationary. Extracting robust parameters from such signals, and providing confidences in the estimates is therefore difficult and requires an adaptive filtering approach which accounts for artifact types. Methods Using a large ICU database, and over 6000 hours of simultaneously acquired electrocardiogram (ECG and ABP waveforms sampled at 125 Hz from a 437 patient subset, we documented six general types of ABP artifact. We describe a new ABP signal quality index (SQI, based upon the combination of two previously reported signal quality measures weighted together. One index measures morphological normality, and the other degradation due to noise. After extracting a 6084-hour subset of clean data using our SQI, we evaluated a new robust tracking algorithm for estimating blood pressure and heart rate (HR based upon a Kalman Filter (KF with an update sequence modified by the KF innovation sequence and the value of the SQI. In order to do this, we have created six novel models of different categories of artifacts that we have identified in our ABP waveform data. These artifact models were then injected into clean ABP waveforms in a controlled manner. Clinical blood pressure (systolic, mean and diastolic estimates were then made from the ABP waveforms for both clean and corrupted data. The mean absolute error for systolic, mean and diastolic blood pressure was then calculated for different levels of artifact pollution to provide estimates of expected errors given a single value of the SQI. Results Our artifact models demonstrate that artifact types have differing effects on systolic, diastolic and mean ABP estimates. We show that, for most artifact types, diastolic ABP estimates are less noise-sensitive than mean ABP estimates, which in turn are more robust than systolic ABP estimates. We also show that our SQI can provide error bounds for both HR and ABP estimates. Conclusion The KF/SQI-fusion method described in this article was shown to provide an accurate estimate of blood pressure and HR derived from the ABP waveform even in the presence of high levels of persistent noise and artifact, and during extreme bradycardia and tachycardia. Differences in error between artifact types, measurement sensors and the quality of the source signal can be factored into physiological estimation using an unbiased adaptive filter, signal innovation and signal quality measures.

Mark Roger G

2009-07-01

132

Effect of Noise Pollution on Arterial Blood Pressure and Heart Pulse Rate of Workers in the Hospitals of Nablus City-West Bank  

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This research is studying noise pollution effects on the healthcare professionals in Nablus city hospitals. The arterial systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) and heart pulse rate were measured for 95 workers (55 males and 40 females) in the selected hospitals of Nablus city. The ages of the sample workers were ranging from 20 to 73 year. The Sound Pressure Level (SPL) values were first measured in all studied hospitals and were found to be high compared to the recommended...

Sadeq, R. M.; Qamhieh, Z. N.; Ashqer, I. R.

2013-01-01

133

Increase of pulmonary arterial pressure in subjects with venous gas emboli after uncomplicated recreational SCUBA diving.  

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The presence of circulating gas bubbles has been repeatedly reported after uncomplicated SCUBA dives. The clinical and pathophysiological relevance of this phenomenon is still under debate but some experimental data suggest that silent bubbles may have a damaging potential on pulmonary endothelial cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible hemodynamic effect on pulmonary circulation of post-dive circulating gas bubbles. To this aim, 16 experienced divers were studied by Doppler-echocardiography in basal conditions and 2.0 ± 0.15 h after an uncomplicated, unrestricted recreational SCUBA dive. At the post-dive examination, circulating bubbles were present in 10/16 subjects (62.5%). Divers with circulating bubbles showed a significant post-dive increase of pulmonary systolic arterial pressure (evaluated by the maximal velocity of the physiological tricuspid regurgitation; P < 0.01)) and right ventricular internal dimension (P < 0.05). Divers without circulating bubbles showed no significant change in cardiac anatomy and pulmonary arterial pressure. Both groups showed a significant post-dive decrease of transmitral E/A ratio (index of left ventricular diastolic function: subjects with bubbles P < 0.01; subjects without bubbles P < 0.05). These results seem to indicate that circulating gas bubbles may lead to a hemodynamically relevant increase of pulmonary arterial pressure, able to induce an acute right ventricular dilation. Post-dive diastolic function changes, observed in both groups, may be explained by a preload reduction due to immersion natriuresis. The results of the present study add some evidence that post-dive circulating bubbles, although symptomless, have an easily detectable pathogenetic potential, inducing unfavorable hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation. PMID:23375948

Marabotti, Claudio; Scalzini, Alessandro; Chiesa, Ferruccio

2013-04-01

134

The impact of renal artery stent revascularization on blood pressure: 1-year follow-up of 110 cases  

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Objective: To investigate the effect of renal artery revascularization through renal artery stenting(PTRAS)on blood pressure in patients with renal artery stenosis. Methods: During April 2000 through May 2005 110 cases of renal artery stenosis received PTRAS and followed up for at least 1 year with blood pressure measurements pre-and 1 year post-PTRAS. Results: The technical success rate was 100% for all 110 cases. The renal artery stenosis were decreased from 60%-100% before PTRAS to 0%-15% after the stent placement. There was significant difference between blood pressure pre-and 1 year post PTRAS. Systolic pressures decreased from(153 ± 32) mmHg to(131 ± 27) mmHg and diastolic pressures from(87 ± 19) mmHg to(75 ± 19) mmHg. The administration of antihypertensive diugs reduced from(2.6 ± 0.9 ) sorts to(1.9 ± 0.9) sorts. Conclusions: PTRAS revascularization is an effective procedure for blood pressure control in renal vascular hypertension during one year follow up. (authors)

2007-07-01

135

Potassium magnesium supplementation for four weeks improves small distal artery compliance and reduces blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension.  

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It has been postulated that the loss of arterial compliance may precede cardiovascular diseases, and that arterial compliance is an important parameter to consider when evaluating arterial diseases such as essential hypertension (EH) and the effects of antihypertensive treatment. In all, 133 EH patients and 147 healthy subjects were enrolled in this study. Large arterial compliance (C1) and small arterial compliance (C2) were measured by the CVProfilor DO-2020 CardioVascular Profiling System. Thirty-five patients randomly received magnesium potassium supplementation (magnesium, 70.8 mg/d; potassium, 217.2 mg/d) for four weeks, and 32 patients received lacidipin (4 mg/d) as a control. Before and after the four weeks, blood pressure, C1, and C2 were measured. It was found that arterial compliance was significantly lower in EH patients compared with healthy subjects (C1: 12.53 +/- 0.33 vs. 15.63 +/- 0.30 ml/mmHg x 10, p lacidipine, systolic and diastolic BP decreased 13.27 +/- 1.76 mm Hg and 6.33 +/- 1.55 mm Hg, and C1 and C2 compliance values increased 25.05% +/- 4.49% and 34.50% +/- 7.40%, respectively. On K+ and Mg2+ supplementation, systolic and diastolic BP decreased 7.83 +/- 1.87 mm Hg and 3.67 +/- 1.03 mm Hg, and C1 and C2 compliance values increased 12.44% +/- 4.43% and 45.25% +/- 6.67%, respectively. Decreases in systemic vascular resistance (mean arterial pressure divided by cardiac output) by 11.9% and 16.6 % (p lacidipine improved large arterial compliance significantly. PMID:16820345

Wu, Geru; Tian, Hongyan; Han, Ke; Xi, Yutao; Yao, Yan; Ma, Aiqun

2006-07-01

136

Ambulatory arterial stiffness index: determinants and outcome  

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OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that one minus the slope of diastolic on systolic blood pressure in individual 24-h ambulatory blood pressure recordings (ambulatory arterial stiffness index) might reflect arterial stiffness and predict cardiovascular mortality. METHODS: In volunteers and a population recruited in China, we studied concordance between ambulatory arterial stiffness index and established indexes of arterial stiffness. We assessed the predictive value of ambulatory arterial stiffness...

Li, Yan; Dolan, Eamon; Wang, Ji-guang; Thijs, Lutgarde; Zhu, Ding-liang; Staessen, Jan A.; O Brien, Eoin; Stanton, Alice

2006-01-01

137

DAILY BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING AND ARTERIAL RIGIDITY DATA IN OSTEOARTHRITIS PATIENTS WITH AND WITHOUT ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION  

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We have compared the daily blood pressure monitoring data with arterial wall rigidity parameters in patients with osteoarthritis with and without arterial hypertension. In 32% of patients with osteoarthritis without arterial hypertension we have determined “non-dipper” type and in 16% of patients - “night-peaker”. In case of arterial hypertension 42,8% of patients with osteoarthritis have “night-peaker” type and 22,8% of patients have “non-dipper” type. We have found the corre...

Rebrov, ?. ?.; Kharitonova, I. A.

2009-01-01

138

A poor correlation exists between oscillometric and radial arterial blood pressure as measured by the Philips MP90 monitor.  

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In anesthesia and critical care, invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring is the gold standard against which other methods of monitoring are compared. In this assessment of the Philips MP90 monitor, the objective was to determine whether or not oscillometric measurements were within the accuracy standards set by the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) and the British Hypertension Society (BHS). Three hundred and one invasive and noninvasive paired measurements were obtained from eleven adult patients on the neurosurgical service at Stanford University Medical Center. Bland-Altman plots were created to assess agreement between the two measurement systems. Paired correlation analysis, bias and precision calculations were performed. Oscillometric blood pressure measurements correlated with arterial measurements yielding Pearson r values of 0.68, 0.67 and 0.62 for systolic, diastolic and mean pressures, respectively (P AAMI guidelines, but the standard deviation was greater than the 8 mmHg allowed by the AAMI guidelines. When the BHS guidelines were applied, the device merited a grade "D" for systolic and mean arterial pressure, and a grade "C" for diastolic pressure, with the highest possible grade level being "A." There was a poor correlation between noninvasive and invasive measurements of arterial blood pressure as measured with a cuff and radial arterial cannula using the Philips MP90 monitor. These inaccuracies could lead to unnecessary interventions, or lack of appropriate interventions in anesthetic management. Further study is needed to specify the absolute inaccuracy of the monitor, and to determine if accuracy between the two methods varies with patient co-morbidities, surgical procedures, or anesthetic management. PMID:19396553

Mireles, Samuel A; Jaffe, Richard A; Drover, David R; Brock-Utne, John G

2009-06-01

139

Changes in the retrobulbar arterial circulation after decrease of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with primary open angle glaucoma  

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Full Text Available Introduction. An altered perfusion of the optic nerve head has been proposed as a pathogenic factor in glaucoma. Objective. To evaluate changes of haemodynamic parameters in the retrobulbar arterial circulation after a decrease of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP in patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG. Methods. Twenty-six patients were examined, 14 men and 12 women, 21 up to 50 years old and 5 below, all with previously diagnosed and treated POAG, and all examined at the Eye Clinic, Clinical Centre of Serbia. IOP was measured both with a Goldmann aplanation tonometer and dynamic contour tonometer. Central corneal thickness was measured with ultrasound pachymeter. Imaging of the retrobulbar arterial circulation by colour Doppler was performed at the Neurology Clinic, Clinical Centre of Serbia. It involved measuring of haemodynamic parameters of the ophthalmic artery, central retinal artery, and posterior ciliary arteries. Peak systolic velocity (PSV and end-diastolic velocity (EDV were measured, and resistive index (RI and pulsatility index (PI were calculated. Results. Haemodynamic arterial parameters PSV and EDV in the ophthalmic and central retinal artery after decrease of IOP were lower, while RI and PI were higher. In the posterior ciliary arteries PSV, EDV and PI were lower, and RI was higher. Conclusion. Changes of the retrobulbar arterial circulation after elevated IOP in POAG patients are important for approach and treatment, while the role of vascular factors in the supplement of the optic disc neuroretinal rim could be a key for progression backlash of glaucoma and the radix of neuroprotection.

Kneževi? Miroslav

2011-01-01

140

Early diastolic filling dynamics in diastolic dysfunction  

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Abstract Background The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the rate of peak early mitral inflow velocity and the peak early diastolic mitral annular tissue velocities in normal controls and to compare them with subjects with diastolic dysfunction. Methods The relationship between early passive diastolic transmitral flow and peak early mitral annular velocity in the normal and in diastolic dysfunction was studied. Two groups comprising 22 ...

King Gerard J; Foley Jerome B; Almane Faisal; Crean Peter A; Walsh Michael J

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Association of thyroid function with arterial pressure in normotensive and hypertensive euthyroid individuals: A cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Overt hypothyroidism has been associated with arterial hypertension and increased arterial stiffness. Results in euthyroid individuals have been conflicting. We investigated associations of thyroid function with systolic (SAP and diastolic (DAP arterial pressure in euthyroid subjects. Methods 311 euthyroid individuals (185 women, mean age 43.9 ± 9 without a history of diabetes attending a preventive medicine program were examined. Subjects receiving thyroxine (10.6% were excluded; 19.3% had hypertension, 43% had a family history for hypertension. TSH, fT4, thyroid autoantibodies, insulin, glucose were measured. The "fT4.TSH product", which has been suggested as a T4 resistance-index, was calculated. Results TSH range was 0.1–8, median 1.4 mU/L, fT4 range was 11.5–25.2 pmol/L, median 17.4. TSH and the "fT4.TSH product" were positively associated with DAP (p 2 mU/L (35.3% vs 21.3%, p = 0.045. Conclusion In euthyroid individuals the association of thyroid function with diastolic arterial pressure remains significant even when a stricter "normal range" for TSH levels is considered. The "freeT4.TSH" product appears to be an even stronger predictor of DAP, independently of HOMA insulin resistance index and obesity.

Saltiki Katerina

2008-09-01

142

Increased dependence on slow filling for left ventricular diastolic filling in patients with coronary artery disease and a depressed systolic function; Assessement with radionuclide ventriculography  

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Contributions of rapid filling, slow filling and atrial systole to the left ventricular(LV) filling volume were analyzed with the use of radionuclide ventriculography at rest, both globally and regionally, in 34 patients with isolated disease of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The patients included 17 with a normal ejection fraction (EF{ge}50%; group 1) and 17 with a depressed EF (<50%; group 2), and the data were compared with those obtained from 13 normal subjects. A computer program subdivided the LV image into 4 regions, and time-activity curves were constructed globally and regionally by reverse-gating from the R wave. In both groups the contribution of rapid filling to the LV filling volume was decreased significantly in the affected septal and apical regions, and in the global left ventricle compared with that in normal subjects. In group 1, the contribution of atrial systole showed an increase in these affected regions and in the global left ventricle. In contrast, in group 2, the atrial contribution was not increased globally or regionally as much as was expected. However, the contribution of slow filling was either increased significantly or tended to increase in the affected regions and in the global left ventricle. There were negative correlations between the contribution of rapid filling and that of slow filling in the global left ventricle (r=-0.73, p<0.001) and in each of the septal, apical and lateral regions (r{ge}-0.60, p<0.001), which suggested that the contribution of slow filling as well as of atrial systole undergoes an increase as rapid filling is impaired. Thus, in patients with coronary artery disease, the left ventricle relies on slow filling as well as atrial systole to affect diastolic LV filling in the affected regions and in the global left ventricle in the presence of LV systolic dysfunction. (author).

Yamagishi, Takashi; Ozaki, Masaharu; Furutani, Yuhji; Yamamoto, Kouzo; Saeki, Atsushi; Satoh, Shinichi; Kusukawa, Reizo (Yamaguchi Univ., Ube (Japan). School of Medicine)

1990-04-01

143

Hyperglycemia and nocturnal systolic blood pressure are associatedwith left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive diabetic patients  

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Abstract Background The aim of this study was to determine if hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients, when compared to patients with essential hypertension have an increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and a worse diastolic function, and if this fact would be related to 24-h pressoric levels changes. Methods Ninety-one hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) (group-1 [G1]), 59 essential hypertensive patients (group-2 [G2]) and 26 healthy c...

Felício João S; Pacheco Juliana T; Ferreira Sandra R; Plavnik Frida; Moisés Valdir A; Kohlmann Oswaldo; Ribeiro Artur B; Zanella Maria T

2006-01-01

144

Molecular Basis of Diastolic Dysfunction  

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Diastolic dysfunction is characterized by prolonged relaxation, increase filling pressure, decreased contraction velocity, and reduced cardiac output. Phenotypical features of diastolic dysfunction can be observed at the level of the isolated myocyte. A slower relaxation rate is one of the primary underlying causes of the manifestation of this disabling syndrome. We here review the cellular mechanism that control relaxation at the level of the myocyte in the healthy situation, and discuss the...

Periasamy, Muthu; Janssen, Paul Ml

2008-01-01

145

[Heart size and left ventricular function in coronary artery disease: I. Heart size, exercise tolerance, cardiac output and filling pressures (author's transl)].  

Science.gov (United States)

The possible relationship between the cardiac volume, as determined radiologically in the supine position in 119 patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease, and the results of ergometry and balloon catheterization was investigated. There was no relationship between the heart size on the one side and the maximum exercise tolerance and the maximum cardiac output on the other, except for the fact, that these parameters tended to decrease with increasing heart size. This was especially true in patients with angina. The maximum cardiac output of patients with angina was always below the value of patients without angina but comparable heart size. Reduced cardiac output under exercise (exertional cardiac insufficiency) was present in 50% of patients with enlarged hearts but already in 22% of patients with heart volumes in the lower range of normal. The diastolic pulmonary artery pressure, determined under exercise, was the only parameter with a significant relationship to the heart size: The larger the heart size, the higher the diastolic pulmonary artery pressure. On the other hand: the diastolic pulmonary artery pressure at rest was abnormal with significant frequency only, when the heart was enlarged. Our data suggest, that the hemodynamics are determined by 2 factors: Myocardial scarring secondary to infarction and coronary insufficiency (ischemia). Of these two factors only the former influences cardiac size. Therefore, determination of the heart volume helps evaluating the respective role of these two factors in individual cases. PMID:927289

Meuret, G; Jaedicke, W; Barmeyer, J; Wink, K; König, K; Reindell, H

1977-11-01

146

DAILY BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING AND ARTERIAL RIGIDITY DATA IN OSTEOARTHRITIS PATIENTS WITH AND WITHOUT ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION  

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Full Text Available We have compared the daily blood pressure monitoring data with arterial wall rigidity parameters in patients with osteoarthritis with and without arterial hypertension. In 32% of patients with osteoarthritis without arterial hypertension we have determined “non-dipper” type and in 16% of patients - “night-peaker”. In case of arterial hypertension 42,8% of patients with osteoarthritis have “night-peaker” type and 22,8% of patients have “non-dipper” type. We have found the correlation between augmentation indices and daily blood pressure parameters.

I.A. Kharitonova

2009-03-01

147

Management of high blood pressure in peripheral arterial disease  

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Arterial hypertension (HTA) is a promoter of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in association with other atherosclerotic risk factors factors. Systolic HTA is the most frequently noted form in such disease, secondary to marked increase in large artery siffness. The existence of PAD confers on the hypertensive patient a very high cardiovascular (CV) risk, requiring an intensive global therapeutical approach. Treating HTA is one of such beneficial actions. The optimal blood pressure (BP) to...

Krzesinski, Jean-marie

2005-01-01

148

Machine Learning Techniques for Arterial Pressure Waveform Analysis  

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The Arterial Pressure Waveform (APW) can provide essential information about arterial wall integrity and arterial stiffness. Most of APW analysis frameworks individually process each hemodynamic parameter and do not evaluate inter-dependencies in the overall pulse morphology. The key contribution of this work is the use of machine learning algorithms to deal with vectorized features extracted from APW. With this purpose, we follow a five-step evaluation methodology: (1) a custom-designed, non...

Almeida, Va?nia G.; João Vieira; Pedro Santos; Tânia Pereira; Catarina Pereira, H.; Carlos Correia; Mariano Pego; João Cardoso

2013-01-01

149

La hipertensión arterial en la tercera edad / High blood pressure in third age  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A partir de la quinta o sexta décadas de la vida, la hipertensión arterial adopta formas y obedece a causas diferentes a las del niño o a las del adulto joven. En este caso, la presión arterial sistólica aumenta (> 140 mmHg) y la diastólica se mantiene o disminuye ([...] ión diferencial. La causa es la rigidez de las arterias de conductancia por la aterosclerosis y la acción de algunas hormonas como: adrenalina, noradrenalina, angiotensina II y aldosterona sobre la pared media arterial. El diagnóstico se hace constatando hipertensión sistólica aislada en pacientes mayores de 50 años. En jóvenes, además de la presión sistólica elevada con presión diastólica normal o baja, es conveniente medir otros indicadores de rigidez aórtica. La hipertensión sistólica en la tercera edad suele asociarse a: hipertrofia arterial y ventricular izquierda, disminución de la relajación de las paredes cardíacas y coronarias, isquemia miocárdica, nefrosclerosis, declinación cognoscitiva o incluso, demencia. El tratamiento requiere cuidados especiales y se debe adaptar a la frecuente comorbilidad de la edad avanzada. Los grupos antihipertensivos más efectivos, según ensayos al azar, son: los inhibidores de la enzima conversora de angiotensina, los bloqueadores de la angiotensina II, los antagonistas de la aldosterona y los bloqueadores de calcio. Los nitratos y los diuréticos se han empleado para reducir la presión sistólica, especialmente cuando concurre regurgitación valvular aórtica. La disminución de la presión sistólica, parece traer como consecuencia un retardo o detención de las complicaciones cardiovasculares, de la declinación cognoscitiva y de la demencia en pacientes de edad avanzada. Abstract in english From the fifth or sixth decades of life, high blood pressure adopts ways and is due to different causes to that of child or to that of young adult. In this case, systolic arterial pressure increases (> 140 mmHg), and the diastolic one remains or decreases ([...] ases. The cause is conduction artery stiffness by atherosclerosis as well as the action of some hormones including: adrenaline, noradrenaline, agiotensin II, and aldosterone on the arterial medium wall. Diagnosis is made verifying presence of an isolated systolic high blood pressure in patients aged over 50. In youngest, in addition to high systolic pressure with a normal or low diastolic pressure, it is advisable measurement of others indicators of aortic stiffness. Systolic pressure in third age may to be associated with: left ventricular and arterial hypertrophy, a relaxation decrease of cardiac and coronary walls, myocardial ischemia, nephroesclerosis, cognitive decline or even dementia. Treatment requires special cares and must to adjust to the frequent morbidity of old age. The more effective antihypertensive groups according to randomized assays include: agiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, agiotensin II blockers, aldosterone antagonists, and calcium blockers. Nitrates and diuretic agents have been used to reduce systolic pressure, especially when there is an aortic valvular regurgitation. Decrease of systolic pressure to result in a delay or an arrest of cardiovascular complications, of cognitive decline, and dementia in third age patients.

David, García Barreto; Julio, Álvarez González; Raymid, García Fernández; Juan, Valiente Mustelier; Alberto, Hernández Cañero.

150

Noninvasive method for determining blood pressure and contours of arterial and volume pulses  

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Full Text Available A noninvasive method for monitoring blood pressure, based on the principles established by Riva-Rocci and Korotkoff (K, is described; it furnishes, after a single compression-deflation cycle of the arm-encircling cuff, values of sys-tolic and diastolic blood pressures as well as the contours of the brachial arterial pulse and the corresponding volume pulse. K-sounds are detected by a single microphone situated in the cubital fossa, and the time-varying cuff pressure P(t is read by a piezoresistive pressure sensor. The behavior of P(t during deflation is resolved into two parts, P(t=p(t+b(t; p is a train of posi-tive going pulses (arising from arterial pulsa-tions, whereas b is a slowly changing baseline. Noise pulses in the microphone output are re-jected by using the observation that the first few K-sounds are emitted when p is close to a maxi-mum, and the last few when dp/dt is close to a maximum. The performance of the instrument is illustrated by showing how it copes with ambi-ent noise and involuntary manual perturbations of P, and by presenting contours of various pulses.

Santosh Kumar

2008-08-01

151

Measuring Arterial Blood Pressure. A Self-Contained Instructional Module.  

Science.gov (United States)

This self-contained instructional module is designed to help adult caregivers learn how to measure arterial blood pressure in the home. The module includes the following parts: objectives; pretest (with answers); four sections of instructional material covering (1) equipment, (2) cuff placement and locating the brachial artery, (3) measuring blood…

Schultz, Chris Ellen

152

ORIGINAL PAPER The effect of hormone replacement therapy on the left ventricle systolic and diastolic function in postmenopausal women with coronary artery disease  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT on the left ventricle systolic and diastolic function. Materials and methods: Fifty-six postmenopausal women with proven coronary artery disease (CAD were enrolled into the study (31 were assigned to HRT and 25 were matched as a control group. Clinically both groups were comparable. All patients had standard 2D and Doppler echocardiography study at the baseline and after 12 months of follow up. Results: The heart geometry and wall thickness did not change significantly in both groups and were comparable after 12-months of follow-up: EDD: 45.6±6.0 to 44.6±8.1 vs. 47.8±7.1 to 47.2±4.4; ESD: 29.5±7.1 to 29±8.8 vs. 34.3±6.7 to 34.4±7.7; RV: 21.9±6.1 to 23.1±7 vs. 21.5±5.8 to 21.8±3.2; LA: 32±4.7 to 35.6±7.9 vs. 34.3±4.2 to 34±4.4; Ao: 28.8±3.3 to 29.2±4.5 vs. 28.8±2.2 to 28.5±3.4; IVS: 9.9±1.4 to 10±1 vs. 10±1.3 to 10.3±1.6; PW: 10.2±1.1 to 10±1 vs. 10.1±1.6 to 10.3±1.4. Left ventricle systolic and diastolic parameters did not change significantly in both groups and were comparable after 12-months of follow-up: LVEF (%: 64.3±13.4 to 68.4±14.9 vs. 56.6±12.5 to 59.9±13; ESV (ml: 35.3±39.8 to 40.4±57.2 vs. 42.9±23.9 to 38.6±16.4; IVRT (ms: 120.9±22.8 to 112.2±15.4 to 112.8±27.7 to 109.3±12.8; E: A: 1.17±1.17 to 1±0.48 vs. 0.97±0.41 to 0.94±0.35; DCT (E (ms: 152.4±70.6 to 150.2±50.9 vs. 149.3±69.1 to 176.8±61.4; EDV (ml: 84.9±62.6 to 98.3±69.7 vs. 96.9±43.6 to 96.1±26.9. Conclusions: Short term transdermal HRT has no effect on the left ventricle systolic and diastolic function in women with CAD.

Piotr Br?borowicz

2005-04-01

153

Medial circumflex femoral artery flap for ischial pressure sore  

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A new axial pattern flap based on the terminal branches of the medial circumflex femoral artery is described for coverage of ischial pressure sore. Based on the terminal branches of the transverse branch of medial circumflex femoral artery, which exit through the gap between the quadratus femoris muscle above and the upper border of adductor magnus muscle below, this fascio cutaneous flap is much smaller than the posterior thigh flap but extremely useful to cover ischeal pressure sores. The s...

2009-01-01

154

Congestive cardiac failure: central role of the arterial blood pressure.  

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A review of the history of our knowledge and understanding of the peripheral oedema of congestive cardiac failure points to the conclusion that an inability of the heart to maintain the arterial pressure is of central importance in this condition. Although the function of the circulation is to perfuse the tissues, the body monitors the adequacy of its perfusion, not not through metabolic messengers carried from the tissues in the blood stream, but by sensing the arterial pressure; and the mec...

Harris, P.

1987-01-01

155

Arterial Blood Pressure Is Closely Related to Ascites Development in Compensated HCV-Related Cirrhosis  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Arterial blood pressure (BP) is a reliable marker of circulatory dysfunction in cirrhotic patients. There are no prospective studies evaluating the association between different levels of arterial BP and ascites development in compensated cirrhotic patients. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between arterial BP and ascites development in compensated cirrhotic patients. Materials and Methods A total of 402 patients with compensated HCV-related cirrhosis were prospectively followed during 6 years to identify ascites development. At baseline, patients underwent systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure (MAP) measurements. Any history of arterial hypertension was also recorded. The occurrence of events such as bleeding, hepatocellular carcinoma, death and liver transplantation prior to ascites development were considered as competing risk events. Results Over a median of 156 weeks, ascites occurred in 54 patients (13%). At baseline, MAP was significantly lower in patients with ascites development (75.9 mm/Hg [95%CI, 70.3–84.3]) than those without ascites (93.6 mm/Hg [95% CI: 86.6–102.3]). After adjusting for covariates, the 6-year cumulative incidence of ascites was 40% (95%CI, 34%–48%) for patients with MAP<83.32 mm/Hg. In contrast, cumulative incidences of ascites were almost similar among patients with MAP values between 83.32 mm/Hg and 93.32 mm/Hg (7% [95% CI: 4%–12%]), between 93.32 mm/Hg and 100.31 mm/Hg (5% [95% CI: 4%–11%]) or higher than 100.31 mm/Hg (3% [95% CI: 1%–6%]). The MAP was an independent predictor of ascites development. Conclusions The MAP is closely related to the development of ascites in compensated HCV-related cirrhosis. The risk of ascites development increases in 4.4 fold for subjects with MAP values <83.32 mm/Hg.

Vilar Gomez, Eduardo; Torres Gonzalez, Ana; Calzadilla Bertot, Luis; Yasells Garcia, Ali; Sanchez Rodriguez, Yoan; Perez, Yadina Martinez

2014-01-01

156

Hemodynamic circulatory patterns in young patients with predominantly diastolic hypertension.  

Science.gov (United States)

To evaluate the spectrum of hemodynamic patterns in patients with isolated diastolic hypertension-predominantly diastolic hypertension, we re-analyzed a previously reported cohort of 189 non-medicated hypertensive individuals that were assessed by impedance cardiography. We selected 46 patients who were less than 50 years old and had pulse pressure less or equal than 45 mm Hg confirmed by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The selected cohort had a mean age of 39.7 years and was 47% men. Three distinct groups were identified: a high cardiac index (CI) "hyperdynamic" group, with normal to near normal systemic vascular resistance (SVR); an intermediate CI and SVR group; and a "vasotonic" group, with low CI and high SVR. Heart rate was similar among the three groups. Stroke volume index (SVI) was significantly higher in the hyperdynamic group (61.8, 49.7, and 39.7 mL/m(2) in the high, intermediate, and low CI groups, respectively). The hyperdynamic group had greater total arterial compliance index than the vasotonic group (1.3 ± 0.3 vs 0.92 ± 0.2 mL/m(2) mm Hg for high vs low CI, respectively; P < .001). In conclusion, isolated diastolic hypertension-predominantly diastolic hypertension patients can have diverse hemodynamic patterns that cannot be predicted based on peripherally measured blood pressure and heart rate alone. This hemodynamic complexity must be taken into account when considering the genetic and pathophysiologic mechanisms of hypertension. PMID:23403215

Romero, César A; Alfie, José; Galarza, Carlos; Waisman, Gabriel; Peixoto, Aldo J; Tabares, Aldo H; Orias, Marcelo

2013-01-01

157

Effect of angiotensin II blockade on central blood pressure and arterial stiffness in subjects with hypertension  

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In hypertension, the blood pressure curve may be divided into two sets of components. The first set is mean arterial pressure, steady flow, and vascular resistance, thus acting on small arteries; the second set refers to large arteries, hence to pulse pressure, arterial stiffness, and wave reflections. The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor perindopril not only reduces mean arterial pressure but also acts specifically on pulse pressure. The effect on pulse pressure predominates on ...

Safar, Michel E.

2010-01-01

158

Early diastolic filling dynamics in diastolic dysfunction  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the rate of peak early mitral inflow velocity and the peak early diastolic mitral annular tissue velocities in normal controls and to compare them with subjects with diastolic dysfunction. Methods The relationship between early passive diastolic transmitral flow and peak early mitral annular velocity in the normal and in diastolic dysfunction was studied. Two groups comprising 22 normal controls and 25 patients with diastolic dysfunction were studied. Results Compared with the normal group, those with diastolic dysfunction had a lower E/A ratio (0.7 ± 0.2 vs. 1.9 ± 0.5, p 2 vs. 871 ± 128.1 cm/sec2, p Conclusions This investigation provides information on the acceleration of early diastolic filling and its relationship to mitral annular peak tissue velocity (Ea recorded by Doppler tissue imaging. It supports not only the premise that recoil is an important mechanism for rapid early diastolic filling but also the existence of an early diastolic mechanism in normal.

Crean Peter A

2003-07-01

159

Noninvasive Measurement of Central Vascular Pressures With Arterial Tonometry: Clinical Revival of the Pulse Pressure Waveform?  

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The arterial pulse has historically been an essential source of information in the clinical assessment of health. With current sphygmomanometric and oscillometric devices, only the peak and trough of the peripheral arterial pulse waveform are clinically used. Several limitations exist with peripheral blood pressure. First, central aortic pressure is a better predictor of cardiovascular outcome than peripheral pressure. Second, peripherally obtained blood pressure does not accurately reflect c...

Nelson, Matthew R.; Stepanek, Jan; Cevette, Michael; Covalciuc, Michael; Hurst, R. Todd; Tajik, A. Jamil

2010-01-01

160

Effects of smoking cessation on central blood pressure and arterial stiffness  

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Full Text Available Takeshi Takami1,Yoshihiko Saito21Department of Internal Medicine, Clinic Jingumae, Kashihara, Nara, Japan; 2First Department of Internal Medicine, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, JapanPurpose: Smoking affects arterial stiffness, thus causing an elevation in central blood pressure (CBP. The present study was designed to examine whether smoking cessation treatment improved CBP and arterial stiffness.Patients and methods: We conducted an observational study of 70 patients receiving smoking cessation treatment. Before and 60 weeks after the start of a 12-week varenicline treatment, we measured brachial blood pressure, CBP, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV, normalized radial augmentation index (rAIx@75, left ventricular weight, and left ventricular diastolic function of each patient. The data were compared between the patients who succeeded in quitting smoking (smoking cessation group; n = 37 and those who failed to quit smoking (smoking group; n = 33.Results: Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups. Brachial blood pressure remained unchanged in both groups. CBP, baPWV, and rAIx@75 decreased significantly in the smoking cessation group, while these parameters showed no significant change in the smoking group. Thus, CBP, baPWV, and rAIx@75 showed greater decrease in the smoking cessation group than in the smoking group (CBP, ?7.1 ± 1.4 mmHg vs 1.2 ± 2.7 mmHg; P < 0.01; baPWV, ?204 ± 64 cm/s vs ?43 ± 72 cm/s; P < 0.01; rAIx@75, ?6.4 ± 2.8% vs ?1.0 ± 3.9%; P < 0.01. Left ventricular weight and left ventricular diastolic function remained unchanged in both groups.Conclusion: Patients in the smoking cessation group showed significant improvement in CBP, baPWV, and rAIx@75. These results indicate that smoking cessation can improve arterial stiffness and CBP.Keywords: central blood pressure, augmentation index, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, smoking cessation, varenicline

Takami T

2011-10-01

 
 
 
 
161

Salt, Arterial Pressure, and Cardiovascular and Renal Damage  

Science.gov (United States)

This brief review deals with some novel developments regarding the possible role of salt in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and renal disorders. Studies in both humans and experimental animals are discussed. Increased salt intake is usually associated with an increase in arterial pressure although some controversies still exist. Salt sensitivity of arterial pressure (defined as an increase in arterial pressure on dietary salt overload) was demonstrated in many animal species as well as in humans. However, findings in rats, the most often used animal model, also demonstrated that this salt sensitivity was not uniform; some strains are salt sensitive, while other strains are salt resistant. Salt sensitivity of arterial pressure in humans is also not uniform; less than one-third of normotensive individuals and less than one-half of hypertensive individuals are salt sensitive. Of great importance are findings that excessive salt intake may damage target organs (cardiovascular system and kidneys) irrespective of arterial pressure. Together with an ever-growing consensus that sodium intake in acculturated societies is high, these findings also emphasize the need for reduction in salt intake. Therefore, the adverse cardiovascular and renal effects of salt continue to be a subject of intense study. Current data indicate that a reduction in salt intake should ameliorate, if not prevent, cardiovascular and renal morbidity and mortality, particularly among individuals with hypertension.

Susic, Dinko; Fares, Hassan; Frohlich, Edward D.

2009-01-01

162

Felipressina aumenta pressão arterial durante procedimento odontológico em pacientes hipertensos Felypressin increases blood pressure during dental procedures in hypertensive patients  

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Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A felipressina foi adicionada ao anestésico local para aumentar a duração do efeito anestésico e reduzir a toxicidade nos procedimentos dentários. No entanto, o efeito sobre a pressão arterial é incerta, e isso pode ser altamente relevante no tratamento dentário de pacientes hipertensos. OBJETIVO: Investigar o efeito da felipressina sobre a pressão arterial em pacientes hipertensos com pressão arterial controlada. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 71 indivíduos com essas características e com necessidade de tratamento periodontal. Após 10 minutos de repouso, a anestesia local (prilocaína foi infiltrada com e sem adição de felipressina. Em seguida, uma raspagem subgengival profunda foi realizada. A pressão arterial foi medida por um equipamento oscilométrico automático (DIXTAL DX2010. Dez minutos após a administração do anestésico, o pico de ação anestésica foi gravado. O Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado (IDATE foi utilizado para avaliar o traço de ansiedade nos pacientes. RESULTADOS: A pressão arterial sistólica aumentou após a anestesia, independentemente da associação com felipressina, durante todo o procedimento dentário (p BACKGROUND: Felypressin has been added to local anesthetic to increase the length of the anesthetic effect and reduce toxicity during dental procedures. However, the effect on blood pressure remains uncertain, and this may be highly relevant in the dental treatment of hypertensive patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of felypressin on blood pressure in hypertensive patients with controlled BP. METHODS: 71 subjects with these characteristics and in need of periodontal treatment were studied. After 10 minutes of rest, local anesthesia (prilocaine was infiltrated with and without addition of felypressin. Then, a deep subgingival scaling was performed. Blood pressure was measured by an automated oscillometric device (DIXTAL DX2010. Ten minutes after the administration of the anesthetic, peak anesthetic action was recorded. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI was used to assess the patients' trait anxiety. RESULTS: Systolic blood pressure increased after anesthesia, regardless of association with felypressin, throughout the dental procedure (p<0.05 and this response can be explained, at least in part, by the trait anxiety levels of the subjects. However, a further increase in diastolic blood pressure was observed when prilocaine was associated with felypressin (p<0.05, but this response did not change with trait anxiety levels. CONCLUSION: Felypressin increased the diastolic blood pressure of hypertensive patients with controlled blood pressure. Patients with high trait anxiety presented increases in systolic blood pressure upon some procedures, suggesting that an increase in blood pressure might also be related to fear or anxiety.

Ana Lúcia Aparecida Bronzo

2012-08-01

163

Efeitos agudos de uma sessão de reabilitação cardíaca sobre a pressão arterial / Acute effects of one session of cardiac rehabilitation on arterial blood pressure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Hipertensão arterial é uma condição mórbida presente em grande parte dos adultos. Estudos evidenciam que exercícios físicos de moderada intensidade e curta duração têm efeitos satisfatórios na redução da pressão arterial. OBJETIVO: Mensurar a duração do efeito hipotensor de uma única ses [...] são de reabilitação cardíaca a partir da prática de exercício aeróbico de curta duração e moderada intensidade. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: O estudo foi prospectivo e quase-experimental. Participaram do estudo nove voluntários hipertensos e sedentários (cinco do sexo feminino e quatro do masculino), monitorizados pelo exame de medida ambulatorial da pressão arterial por 12 horas e 30 minutos. Foi realizada uma única sessão de treinamento aeróbico por dez minutos em bicicleta ergométrica numa intensidade moderada. RESULTADOS: Houve redução tanto na PAS (pressão arterial sistólica) como na PAD (pressão arterial diastólica) (ANOVA, p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a morbid condition present in most adults. Studies show that exercise of moderate intensity and short duration has satisfactory effects on lowering blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: To measure the duration of the hypotensive effect of a single session of cardiac rehabilitation [...] , through aerobic exercise of short duration and moderate intensity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was prospective and quasi-experimental. Study participants were nine hypertensive and sedentary volunteers (five female and four male), monitored by examining measured ambulatory blood pressure for 12 hours and 30 minutes. We performed a single session of aerobic training for ten minutes on a stationary bicycle at a moderate intensity. RESULTS: There was a reduction in both SBP (systolic blood pressure) and DBP (diastolic blood pressure) (ANOVA, p

Murillo Frazão de Lima e, Costa; Danielly Inocêncio de, Araújo.

164

Dynamic Stress Analysis of the Arterial Wall Utilizing Physiological Pressure Waveforms  

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Arterial diseases, promoted by alterations in arterial wall properties, are among the main causes of mortality. Mechanical stresses of the arterial wall caused by pulsatile luminal pressure define arterial function in normal and pathological conditions. This study aims to determine dynamic stress distribution in the arterial wall subjected to physiological pressure waveforms. Finite element models of a typical artery are developed to evaluate Von Misses stress in the arterial wall due to phys...

Khani, M. M.; Shadpour, M. T.; Delavarpour, S.; Naghizadeh, S.; Avolio, A.

2008-01-01

165

The effect of siesta in parameters of cardiac structure and in interpretation of ambulatory arterial blood pressure monitoring  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of the siesta in ambulatory blood pressure (BP monitoring and in cardiac structure parameters. METHODS: 1940 ambulatory arterial blood pressure monitoring tests were analyzed (Spacelabs 90207, 15/15 minutes from 7:00 to 22:00 hours and 20/20 minutes from 22:01 to 6.59hours and 21% of the records indicated that the person had taken a siesta (263 woman, 52±14 years. The average duration of the siesta was 118±58 minutes. RESULTS: (average ± standard deviation The average of systolic/diastolic pressures during wakefulness, including the napping period, was less than the average for the period not including the siesta (138±16/85±11 vs 139±16/86±11 mmHg, p5%. CONCLUSION: The siesta influenced the heart structure parameters and from a statistical point of view the average of systolic and diastolic pressures and the respective pressure loads of the wakeful period.

Gomes Marco A.M.

2000-01-01

166

[Potency disorders before and after pelvic artery reconstruction: objectification by measuring penile artery pressure].  

Science.gov (United States)

Penile artery pressure was measured in 38 patients before and after aorto-iliac reconstruction using the Doppler technique. In 14 patients a markedly reduced penile pressure was found preoperatively which was significantly enhanced in 71% after operation. In 16% of all cases postoperative penile pressure was lower than the preoperative value. An improvement of sexual impairment was observed in 37% of the patients, while 26% reported a decrease of sexual function after operation. The reason seems to be an operative damage to the preaortal nerve plexus in most cases. Therefore, in younger patients with unilateral iliac artery occlusive disease an extraanatomical reconstruction is recommended. PMID:6714015

Schweiger, H; Zirngibl, H; Raithel, D

1984-02-01

167

Assembly of a Pulmonary Artery Pressure Sensor System  

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Full Text Available This paper presents an implantable system for telemonitoring the intravascular pressure in the pulmonary artery. By implanting a catheter-bound pressure and temperature sensor into the pulmonary artery, it is possible to monitor the actual value and the time variations of the intravascular pressure with a frequency of 128 Hz. Thus hospitalization of patients suffering from heart insufficiency can be avoided by early changes in therapy.Preliminary in vivo experiments have been conducted to verify the fixation mechanism and the positioning of the sensor at the right place in the pulmonary artery. It was shown that the proposed fixation mechanism and the packaging of the sensor promise to be stable.

J. Müntjes

2010-01-01

168

Impact of age on the importance of systolic and diastolic blood pressures for stroke risk : the MOnica, Risk, Genetics, Archiving, and Monograph (MORGAM) Project  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study investigates age-related shifts in the relative importance of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures as predictors of stroke and whether these relations are influenced by other cardiovascular risk factors. Using 34 European cohorts from the MOnica, Risk, Genetics, Archiving, and Monograph (MORGAM) Project with baseline between 1982 and 1997, 68 551 subjects aged 19 to 78 years, without cardiovascular disease and not receiving antihypertensive treatment, were included. During a mean of 13.2 years of follow-up, stroke incidence was 2.8%. Stroke risk was analyzed using hazard ratios per 10-mm Hg/5-mm Hg increase in SBP/DBP by multivariate-adjusted Cox regressions, including SBP and DBP simultaneously. Because of nonlinearity, DBP was analyzed separately for DBP â?¥ 71 mm Hg and DBP

Vishram, Julie K K; Borglykke, Anders Rething

2012-01-01

169

Impact of Age on the Importance of Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressures for Stroke Risk : The MOnica, Risk, Genetics, Archiving, and Monograph (MORGAM) Project  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This study investigates age-related shifts in the relative importance of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures as predictors of stroke and whether these relations are influenced by other cardiovascular risk factors. Using 34 European cohorts from the MOnica, Risk, Genetics, Archiving, and Monograph (MORGAM) Project with baseline between 1982 and 1997, 68 551 subjects aged 19 to 78 years, without cardiovascular disease and not receiving antihypertensive treatment, were included. During a mean of 13.2 years of follow-up, stroke incidence was 2.8%. Stroke risk was analyzed using hazard ratios per 10-mm Hg/5-mm Hg increase in SBP/DBP by multivariate-adjusted Cox regressions, including SBP and DBP simultaneously. Because of nonlinearity, DBP was analyzed separately for DBP â?¥71 mm Hg and DBP

Vishram, Julie K K; Borglykke, Anders

2012-01-01

170

Medial circumflex femoral artery flap for ischial pressure sore  

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Full Text Available A new axial pattern flap based on the terminal branches of the medial circumflex femoral artery is described for coverage of ischial pressure sore. Based on the terminal branches of the transverse branch of medial circumflex femoral artery, which exit through the gap between the quadratus femoris muscle above and the upper border of adductor magnus muscle below, this fascio cutaneous flap is much smaller than the posterior thigh flap but extremely useful to cover ischeal pressure sores. The skin redundancy below the gluteal fold allows a primary closure of the donor defect. It can also be used in combination with biceps femoris muscle flap.

Palanivelu S

2009-01-01

171

[Initial arterial pressure and prognosis of cerebrovascular accidents].  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study analysed the charts of the patients admitted for acute stroke and assessed the relation between stroke mortality and initial blood pressure. Of the 388 patients admitted, 169 (44%) died. Mortality increased with advancing age and was higher in women, in hemorrhagic stroke (61%), and in patients with severe neurological deficit on admission. Average blood pressure on admission did not differ between the patients who died and those who survived. However, mortality was 42, 32, 57 and 62% in patients whose admission systolic blood pressure was, respectively, less than 160 mmHg, 160 to 199 mmHg, 200 to 249 mmHg and 250 mmHg or more. It described a similar curve when four categories of admission diastolic blood pressure were constituted. The data indicate a high case fatality rate in stroke patients. Mortality was higher in women; it increased with age and severe neurological deficit. The relation of stroke mortality to admission blood pressure suggests that it is not the lowest in patients with the lowest blood pressure, but in those with blood pressure level allowing the best brain perfusion after the onset of stroke. PMID:7646245

Mbala-Mukendi, M; Tambwe, M J; Dikassa, L N; M'Buyamba-Kabangu, J R

1995-01-01

172

Dança de salão: respostas crônicas na pressão arterial de hipertensos medicados / Ballroom dance: chronic responses on blood pressure in medicated hypertensives  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A importância da prática de exercícios físicos para portadores de hipertensão arterial sistêmica está bem estabelecida na literatura, entretanto, a Dança de Salão, neste contexto, tem sido pouco explorada. O objetivo do estudo foi verificar o efeito crônico da prática de dança de salão sobre a press [...] ão arterial sistêmica de hipertensos medicados. Considerou-se como amostra o número de medidas obtidas da pressão arterial dos pacientes durante a participação no programa de dança. Assim, 92 medidas da pressão arterial foram realizadas, sendo divididas em quatro grupos: 1) pressão arterial sistólica pré-programa; 2) pressão arterial sistólica pós-programa; 3) pressão arterial diastólica pré-programa e; 4) pressão arterial diastólica pós-programa. Utilizaram-se esfigmomanômetro de coluna de mercúrio e estetoscópio. Considerou-se o protocolo de mensuração da Diretriz Brasileira. A pressão arterial foi aferida antes e após cada sessão de dança. Os 23 hipertensos medicados estudados tinham idade média de 62,5±7 anos e 34,8% eram do sexo masculino. Quarenta sessões de dança foram realizadas, três vezes/semana, com duração de uma hora/sessão. O valor médio da pressão arterial sistólica pré-programa foi de 131,8±17mmHg e após 117,8±13mmHg com diferença estatística significativa (p Abstract in english The importance of physical exercise for patients with systemic hypertension is well established in the literature. However, ballroom dance has been little investigated in this context. The objective of this study was to determine the chronic effect of ballroom dance on blood pressure in medicated hy [...] pertensives. The sample was the number of blood pressure measurements obtained during the patients' participation in the dance program. Thus, 92 blood pressure measurements were taken and divided into four groups: 1) pre-session systolic blood pressure, 2) post-session systolic blood pressure, 3) pre-session diastolic blood pressure, 4) post-session diastolic blood pressure. We used a mercury sphygmomanometer and stethoscope. As measuring protocol, we considered the Brazilian Guidelines. Blood pressure was measured before and after each ballroom dance session. The mean age of the 23 medicated hypertensive patients studied was 62.5 ± 7 years and 34.8% of them were male. Forty sessions were held three times a week, lasting one hour/session. The mean pre-session systolic blood pressure was 131,8 ± 17mmHg and 117,8±13mmHg after the session, with statistically significant difference (p

Fernanda Christina de Souza, Guidarini; Isabel de Castro, Schenkel; Victor Carvalho, Kessler; Tânia Rosane Bertoldo, Benedetti; Tales de, Carvalho.

173

Relación entre hiperinsulinemia, disfunción diastólica e hipertrofia del ventrículo izquierdo en pacientes con hipertensión arterial sistémica Association of hyperinsulinemia with left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension  

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Full Text Available Background: Hypertension is the main independent cardiovascular risk factor. However, there are additional factors that induce organic damage. Aim: To assess the association between hyperinsulinemia, ventricular hypertrophy and left ventricular diastolic function. Patients and Methods: Seventy-four patients aged 30 to 65 years, with mild or moderate systemic hypertension, with overweight or mild obesity and normal glucose tolerance curve (GTC, were studied. Serum insulin was measured during GTC. The maximum levels of insulin and glucose were observed 60 minutes after the oral glucose load and they were expressed as rG/1. Patients were stratified in three groups according to their glucose and insulin fasting levels (I0 and post-glucose challenge levels (rG/I: Group 1 (normoinsulinemic patients I0 2 (2.45+0.4. Group 2 (post-prandial hyperinsulinemic patients I0 17 mU/mL and <1 (0.7+0.3. Left ventricular mass and its diastolic function were measured by Doppler echocardiography. Results: No differences in blood pressure or age were observed between groups. There was a negative correlation between ventricular mass and rG/1 (r =-0.282, p =0.015. Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction was significantly more deteriorated in group 3, as compared with group 1 (p <0.001 ANOVA. There was a significant correlation between g/GI and diastolic dysfunction (r =0.232 p =0.047. Conclusions: Fasting, post challenge hyperinsulinemia and a rG/I <1 are associated with higher ventricular mass and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, independent of blood pressure and age (Rev Méd Chile 2007; 135: 1125-31

Ernesto Germán Cardona-Muñoz

2007-09-01

174

[Comparison of two E.E.C. baths by study of the oncotic pressure-pulmonary artery pressure gradient].  

Science.gov (United States)

Variations in oncotic pressure-pulmonary artery diastolic pressure gradient and in intrapulmonary shunt were studied in two groups of patients undergoing surgery with extracorporeal circulation for aortocoronary bypass of excision of an aneurysm. The two groups, differed only in terms of the E.C.C. bath (Group A: Ringer Lactate; Group B: DDextran 60,000). The effects of E.C.C. on these parameters were as follows: - decrease in both groups in the gradient (OP-PAP) (respectively P < 0.001 and P < 0.01) but with a more marked decrease in group A than in group B (P < 0.05) with non-negativisation of the gradient in that group; - non-significant variations in Qs/Qt in both groups without any correlation with gradient (OP-PAP). The onset of pulmonary oedema associated with a decrease in gradient (OP-PAP) leads to the suggestion of the use of Dextrans in pathological situations where OP is low or PAP high and all the more so when both of these factors are present. PMID:6109503

D'Enfert, J; Mathieu-Daudé, J C; Grolleau, D; Saussine, M; Allien, M; Chaptal, P A; du Cailar, J

1980-01-01

175

Association of arterial blood pressure and CPR quality in a child using three different compression techniques, a case report  

Science.gov (United States)

A 2-year-old boy found in cardiac arrest secondary to drowning received standard CPR for 35 minutes and was transported to a tertiary hospital for rewarming from hypothermia. Chest compressions in hospital were started using two-thumb encircling hands technique. Subsequently two-thumbs direct sternal compression technique and after sternal force/depth sensor placement, chest compression with classic one-hand technique were done. By using CPR recording/feedback defibrillator, quantitative CPR quality data and invasive arterial pressures were available for analyses for 5 hours and 35 minutes. 316 compressions with the two-thumb encircling hands technique provided a mean (SD) systolic arterial pressure (SAP) of 24 (4) mmHg, mean arterial pressure (MAP) 18 (3) and diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) of 15 (3) mmHg. ~6000 compressions with the two thumbs direct compression technique created a mean SAP of 45 (7) mmHg, MAP 35 (4) mmHg and DAP of 30 (3) mmHg. ~20,000 compressions with the sternal accelerometer in place produced SAP 50 (10) mmHg, MAP 32 (5) mmHg and DAP 24 (4) mmHg. Restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was achieved at the point when the child achieved normothermia by using peritoneal dialysis. Unfortunately, the child died ten hours after ROSC without any signs of neurological recovery. This case demonstrates improved hemodynamic parameters with classic one-handed technique with real-time quantitative quality of CPR feedback compared to either the two-thumbs encircling hands or two-thumbs direct sternal compression techniques. We speculate that the improved arterial pressures were related to improved chest compression depth when a real-time CPR recording/feedback device was deployed. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00951704.

2013-01-01

176

Effects of barnidipine on blood pressure and left ventricular diastolic function in patients with hypertension and metabolic syndrome: A 12-week, open-label noncomparison study.  

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Background: Barnidipine is one of a new generation of dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers. Despite evidence of favorable effects on blood pressure (BP) and insulin sensitivity, this drug has rarely been tested in hypertensive patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of barnidipine on BP and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in patients with hypertension and MS. Methods: Consecutive subjects aged 18 to 75 years with systolic BP (SBP) of 140 to 179 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP (DBP) of 90 to 109 mm Hg and MS (based on Adult Treatment Panel III criteria) were assessed for inclusion in the study. Lifestyle changes according to current guidelines were recommended and barnidipine monotherapy 10 mg daily was initiated. All patients entered a 2-week run-in period. After a 6-week treatment period, the daily dosage was doubled for the remainder of the study in patients whose BP remained uncontrolled (?140/?90 mm Hg). We assessed the glycolipidic profile and LV structure and function using standard Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) echocardiography before and after 12 weeks of treatment. Ambulatory BP records and electrocardiographic and echocardiographic tracings were coded and shipped to a central laboratory for blinded analysis. Possible adverse events (AEs) were recorded at predetermined intervals throughout the follow-up period and at unplanned intervals whenever an AE became known to the investigators. Results: Thirty-four consecutive patients were assessed for inclusion. Thirty consecutive patients (20 men, 10 women; mean {SD| age, 55.9 {10.3| years; 5 current smokers) were included in the study. At study entry, mean office SBP was 146 mm Hg, DBP was 87 mm Hg, and heart rate was 72 beats/min. At the study end, mean office SBP/DBP was barnidipine in addition to lifestyle modifications was associated with significant reductions in 24-hour BP and BP variability, reduction in plasma glucose concentration, and improvement in LV diastolic relaxation. No significant changes in lipid concentrations, LV structure, or systolic function were found. PMID:24692799

Angeli, Fabio; Repaci, Salvatore; Borgioni, Claudia; Sardone, Mariagrazia; Scotti, Aurelio; Verdecchia, Paolo

2008-06-01

177

On Using Maximum a Posteriori Probability Based on a Bayesian Model for Oscillometric Blood Pressure Estimation  

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Full Text Available The maximum amplitude algorithm (MAA is generally utilized in the estimation of the pressure values, and it uses heuristically obtained ratios of systolic and diastolic oscillometric amplitude to the mean arterial pressure (known as systolic and diastolic ratios in order to estimate the systolic and diastolic pressures. This paper proposes a Bayesian model to estimate the systolic and diastolic ratios. These ratios are an improvement over the single fixed systolic and diastolic ratios used in the algorithms that are available in the literature. The proposed method shows lower mean difference (MD with standard deviation (SD compared to the MAA for both SBP and DBP consistently in all the five measurements.

Soojeong Lee

2013-10-01

178

On using maximum a posteriori probability based on a Bayesian model for oscillometric blood pressure estimation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The maximum amplitude algorithm (MAA) is generally utilized in the estimation of the pressure values, and it uses heuristically obtained ratios of systolic and diastolic oscillometric amplitude to the mean arterial pressure (known as systolic and diastolic ratios) in order to estimate the systolic and diastolic pressures. This paper proposes a Bayesian model to estimate the systolic and diastolic ratios. These ratios are an improvement over the single fixed systolic and diastolic ratios used in the algorithms that are available in the literature. The proposed method shows lower mean difference (MD) with standard deviation (SD) compared to the MAA for both SBP and DBP consistently in all the five measurements. PMID:24152924

Lee, Soojeong; Jeon, Gwanggil; Lee, Gangseong

2013-01-01

179

Stratification of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Findings by Cluster Analysis in Patients with Arterial Hypertension, Obesity and Albuminuria  

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Full Text Available The aim of the investigation was to study the characteristics of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM indices in the combination of arterial hypertension (AH with obesity and albuminuria using cluster analysis. Material and Methods. The study involved 70 AH patients randomly chosen, aged from 23 to 71 years (mean age — 47.9 years. ABPM was performed before antihypertensive therapy administration. We estimated body mass index and albuminuria level. ABPM indices were stratified into clusters. Results. Clusters with normal heart rate prevailed in patients with normal weight and overweight, I degree obesity in all AH varuants. Hypertensive clusters with tachycardia were found to prevail in patients with II–III degree obesity. AH structure changed with body mass increase. In overweight and I degree obesity there grows the occurrence of systolic-diastolic AH clusters. In II–III degree obesity the clusters of systolic-diastolic and isolated diastolic AH were revealed less frequently than in normal body weight, while isolated systolic AH clusters were found more frequently. Their occurrence increased in patients with a high albuminuria level as well. Conclusion. ABPM data can be grouped into clusters, and their own pathogenic mechanisms of AH maintenance and regulation seem to prevail in each cluster. In overweight and I degree obesity patients the occurrence of systolic-diastolic AH increases. With obesity degree increase there is the tendency for heart rate rise, and hemodynamic AH variants are redistributed towards the increase of isolated systolic AH, which is likely to be due to the increase in AH severity with vascular wall remodeling progression. Isolated systolic AH prevalence is increasing not only in II–III degree obesity, but also in high albuminuria supporting the significance of systolic AH in albuminuria development. No interaction between albuminuria and heart rate was revealed.

S.V. Samoyavcheva

2013-11-01

180

Effects of nifedipine on left ventricular systolic and diastolic functions in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy  

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The effect of nifedpine on left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function was studied in 10 patients with hypertrophic cadiomyopathy(HCM), 8 patients with hypertensive hypertrophy(HT) and 9 normal subjects. Multigated cardiac blood pool imaging with Tc-99m were obtained at 40-degree left anterior oblique position before and after nifedipine administration (10 mg, sublingually). As systolic indices, we obtained LV ejection fraction and mean first third ejection rate. And as diastolic indices, mean filling rate during first third of diastole (1/3 FRsub(mean)) and diastolic maximal filling rate were calculated. Before nifedipine, systolic indices were significantly superior in HCM group than in other 2 groups, and diastolic indices were significantly lower in HCM and HT groups than in normal. After nifedipine, systolic indices improved in HT group but they did not change in other 2 groups. Diastolic indices improved significantly in HCM and HT groups after nifedpine. In HCM group, 1/3 FRsub(mean) improved more markedly in symptomatic patients than in asymptomatic patients. The ratio of diastolic function to systolic function (1/3 FRsub(mean)/1/3 ERsub(mean)) did not change in normal and HT groups but it increased significantly in HCM group. There we a slight increase in heart rate (HR) and decrease in systemic arterial pressure (BP). The increase in HR was similar among 3 groups but the decrease in BP was significantly greater in HT group in whom control BP was significantly higher than other groups. LV end-diastolic volume did not change in 3 groups by nifedipine administration. These data suggested that abnormal diastolic function in HCM and HT was faborably modified by nifedipine, but their mechanisms were different. In HT, it was considered to relate with improved systolic function due to LV afterload reduction, while in HCM, it was not related to the peripheral hemodynamic effects nor improved systolic function. (author)

1984-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Effects of nifedipine on left ventricular systolic and diastolic functions in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy  

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The effect of nifedpine on left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function was studied in 10 patients with hypertrophic cadiomyopathy(HCM), 8 patients with hypertensive hypertrophy(HT) and 9 normal subjects. Multigated cardiac blood pool imaging with Tc-99m were obtained at 40-degree left anterior oblique position before and after nifedipine administration (10 mg, sublingually). As systolic indices, we obtained LV ejection fraction and mean first third ejection rate. And as diastolic indices, mean filling rate during first third of diastole (1/3 FRsub(mean)) and diastolic maximal filling rate were calculated. Before nifedipine, systolic indices were significantly superior in HCM group than in other 2 groups, and diastolic indices were significantly lower in HCM and HT groups than in normal. After nifedipine, systolic indices improved in HT group but they did not change in other 2 groups. Diastolic indices improved significantly in HCM and HT groups after nifedpine. In HCM group, 1/3 FRsub(mean) improved more markedly in symptomatic patients than in asymptomatic patients. The ratio of diastolic function to systolic function (1/3 FRsub(mean)/1/3 ERsub(mean)) did not change in normal and HT groups but it increased significantly in HCM group. There we a slight increase in heart rate (HR) and decrease in systemic arterial pressure (BP). The increase in HR was similar among 3 groups but the decrease in BP was significantly greater in HT group in whom control BP was significantly higher than other groups. LV end-diastolic volume did not change in 3 groups by nifedipine administration. These data suggested that abnormal diastolic function in HCM and HT was faborably modified by nifedipine, but their mechanisms were different. In HT, it was considered to relate with improved systolic function due to LV afterload reduction, while in HCM, it was not related to the peripheral hemodynamic effects nor improved systolic function.

Narita, Michihiro; Kurihara, Tadashi; Murano, Kenichi; Usami, Masahisa; Honda, Minoru; Kanao, Keisuke (Sumitomo Hospital, Osaka (Japan))

1984-10-01

182

Treinamento resistido controla a pressão arterial de ratos hipertensos induzidos por l-NAME Resistance training controls arterial blood pressure in rats with L-NAME- induced hypertension  

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Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A hipertensão arterial é uma síndrome multifatorial, crônica, causada tanto por fatores congênitos ou adquiridos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos do treinamento físico resistido (TR sobre pressão arterial, reatividade e morfologia vascular de ratos hipertensos induzidos por L-NAME. MÉTODOS: Ratos Wistar machos (200-250 g foram divididos em 3 grupos: normotenso sedentário (NS, hipertenso sedentário (HS e hipertenso treinado (HT. A hipertensão foi induzida pela administração de L-NAME (40 mg/kg na água de beber por 4 semanas. A pressão arterial foi avaliada antes e após o TR. O TR foi realizado utilizando 50% de 1RM, em 3 séries de 10 repetições, 3 vezes por semana, durante quatro semanas. A reatividade vascular foi mensurada em artéria mesentérica superior por curvas concentração resposta ao nitroprussiato de sódio (NPS e fenilefrina (FEN. Além disso, foram realizadas análises histológicas e estereológicas. RESULTADOS: O TR inibiu o aumento das pressões arteriais média e diastólica. Foi observada uma redução significativa na resposta máxima e na potência da FEN entre os grupos HS e HT. A análise histológica evidenciou aspecto normal para as túnicas íntima, média e adventícia em todos os grupos. Não houve diferença significativa nas áreas do lúmen, da túnica média e total das artérias dos grupos HS e HT em relação ao NS. A razão parede/lúmen arterial do grupo HS apresentou diferença significativa em relação ao NS (p BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is a multifactorial chronic condition caused by either congenital or acquired factors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Resistance Training (RT on arterial pressure, and on vascular reactivity and morphology, of L-NAME-treated hypertensive rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats (200 - 250 g were allocated into Sedentary Normotensive (SN, Sedentary Hypertensive (SH and Trained Hypertensive (TH groups. Hypertension was induced by adding L-NAME (40 mg/Kg to the drinking water for four weeks. Arterial pressure was evaluated before and after RT. RT was performed using 50% of 1RM, 3 sets of 10 repetitions, 3 times per week for four weeks. Vascular reactivity was measured in rat mesenteric artery rings by concentration-response curves to sodium nitroprusside (SNP; phenylephrine (PHE was also used for histological and stereological analysis. RESULTS: Resistance training inhibited the increase in mean and diastolic arterial pressures. Significant reduction was observed in Rmax (maximal response and pD2 (potency of PHE between SH and TH groups. Arteries demonstrated normal intima, media and adventitia layers in all groups. Stereological analysis demonstrated no significant difference in luminal, tunica media, and total areas of arteries in the SH and TH groups when compared to the SN group. Wall-to-lumen ratio of SH arteries was significantly different compared to SN arteries (p<0.05 but there was no difference when compared to TH arteries. CONCLUSIONS: RT was able to prevent an increase in blood pressure under the conditions in this study. This appears to involve a vasoconstrictor regulation mechanism and maintenance of luminal diameter in L-NAME induced hypertensive rats.

Ayslan Jorge Santos de Araujo

2013-04-01

183

Sildenafil and diastolic dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction in patients with preserved ejection fraction  

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BACKGROUND: Diastolic dysfunction is frequently seen after myocardial infarction and is characterized by a disproportionate increase in filling pressure during exercise to maintain stroke volume. We hypothesized that sildenafil would reduce filling pressure during exercise in patients with diastolic dysfunction after myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy patients with diastolic dysfunction and near normal left ventricular ejection fraction on echocardiography were randomly assigned sildenafil 40 mg thrice daily or matching placebo for 9 weeks. Before randomization and after 9 weeks of treatment patients underwent simultaneous echocardiography and right heart catheterization at rest and during exercise. Primary end point was pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, and secondary end points comprised cardiac index and pulmonary arterial pressure at rest and during exercise after 9 weeks. After 9 weeks there were no differences in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure at rest (13±4 versus 13±3 mm Hg, P=0.25) or at peak exercise (35±8 mm Hg versus 31±7 mm Hg, P=0.07). However, with treatment cardiac index increased at rest (P=0.006) and peak exercise (P=0.02) in the sildenafil group, and systemic vascular resistance index (resting, P=0.0002; peak exercise, P=0.007) and diastolic blood pressure (resting, P=0.005; peak exercise, P=0.02) were lower in the sildenafil group. Resting left ventricular end-diastolic volume index increased (P=0.001) within the sildenafil group but was unchanged in the placebo group. CONCLUSIONS: Sildenafil did not decrease filling pressure at rest or during exercise in post-myocardial infarction patients with diastolic dysfunction. However, there were effects on secondary end points, which require further studies.

Andersen, Mads J; Ersbøll, Mads

2013-01-01

184

Indicadores antropométricos e pressão arterial em escolares / Anthropometric measures and blood pressure in school children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Investigar a relação entre pressão arterial e índice de massa corporal, circunferência abdominal, razão cintura/estatura e dobra cutânea tricipital em crianças e adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Estudo epidemiológico transversal, do qual participaram 1.441 escolares de 10 a 16 anos de idade (655 men [...] inos e 786 meninas), selecionados por amostragem aleatória sistemática. Avaliaram-se a massa corporal, a estatura, a circunferência abdominal, a espessura da dobra cutânea tricipital, as pressões arteriais - sistólica e diastólica - o estágio maturacional e a classe econômica. Utilizaram-se os testes de correlação parcial de Pearson e a regressão logística multivariada, considerando-se p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of blood pressure and body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio and triceps skinfold, in children and adolescents in Curitiba, state of Paraná, Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a random sample of 1,441 students from public school [...] s, aged from10 to 16 years (655 boys and 786 girls). The following indicators were assessed: weight, height, waist circumference, triceps skinfold, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, pubertal stage, and socioeconomic status. Pearson correlation tests and multivariate logistic regression were used, considering p

Moser, Deise Cristiane; Giuliano, Isabela de Carlos Back; Titski, Ana Cláudia Kapp; Gaya, Anelise Reis; Coelho-e-Silva, Manuel João; Leite, Neiva.

185

Intra-Arterial Blood Pressure Recording in the Unrestrained Chick During Wakefulness and Sleep.  

Science.gov (United States)

The report describes a method of recording mean arterial blood pressure from the ischiatic artery of the unrestrained young chick. The mean arterial blood pressure of awake but quiet 6-14 day old chicks averaged 112 mm Hq. The chick blood pressure flucuat...

C. E. Spooner W. D. Winters

1965-01-01

186

Radiation Induced Changes in Intracranial Pressure and Arterial Blood Pressure.  

Science.gov (United States)

Twenty Macaca mulatta monkeys were exposed to cobalt-60 gamma radiation at the rate of 1000 rad/minute for mid-thoracic doses of approximately 1307 rad to 10 monkeys and 2244 rad to the remaining 10 animals. The average intracranial pressure increased in ...

J. W. Watters L. F. Wailly P. B. Carter

1974-01-01

187

Mini invasive hemodynamic monitoring: from arterial pressure to cardiac output  

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Full Text Available To evaluate the Cardiac Output (CO the standard invasive pulmonary artery catheter (PAC is considered today the gold standard. The major criticism to the PAC is that its level of invasiveness is not supported by an improvement in patient's outcome. The interest to lesser and lesser invasive techniques is high. Therefore, the alternative techniques have been recently developed.Cardiac Output can be monitored continuously by different devices that analyze the arterial waveform to track changes in stroke volume (SV and CO. The analysis of the arterial pressure wave to determine cardiac output is classified as Pulse Contour analysis or Pulse Pressure Analysis. Starting from a similar principle three main devices are now available on the market, with different algorithms and features:• PiCCO System (Pulsion Medical System, Munich, Germany• LiDCOTM plus System (LidCO, Cambridge, UK• Flotrac technology and Vigileo Monitor (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA.The algorithm used by all these devices has been also implemented even with the analysis of the variation of stroke volume (SVV and of the pulse pressure (PPV. SVV and PPV represent the variation of stroke volume and of the pulse pressure during the respiratory cycle. In sedated ventilated patients these indexes have proven to predict the response to a fluid challenge. A high variation (>10-12% identifies with good sensitivity and specificity responders and not responders.

GIORGIO DELLA ROCCA

2008-02-01

188

Low arterial pressure on admission as a predictor of mortality in operated patients with type A aortic dissection  

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Full Text Available Background/Aim. Hypertension is a known predictor of proximal aortic dissection, but it is not commonly present in these patients on presentation. The associations between ascending aorta with left ventricular hypertrophy, cardiovascular risk factors and coronary atherosclerosis, and outcome of these patients are not fully elucidated. Methods. This retrospective study included 55 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection treated surgically in our institution during the last 2 years. The diagnosis was based on imaging studies. Diameter of ascending aorta was measured with echocardiography. Results. The mean age of the patients was 55.4 ± 12.19 years, and 72.7% were men. A history of arterial hypertension was present in 76.4% of the patients. Maximal ascending aorta diameter was 4.09 ± 0.59 cm, while patients with frank aneurysm accounted for 5.5%. Systolic blood pressure on admission was < 150 mmHg in 58.2% of the patients. Diastolic blood pressure on admission was < 90 mmHg in 54.5% of the patients. Mean arterial pressure on admission was 104.9 ± 24.6 mmHg. No correlations were demonstrated between maximal ascending aorta diameter and diameter of the left ventricular wall, any obtained risk factor and with coronary artery atherosclerosis (p > 0.05. After six months 11 (20% patients died, while intrahospital mortality was 72%. According to logistic regression analysis which included traditional risk factors, echo parameters, coronary artery disease and logistic euro scor, mean arterial blood pressure was the independent predictor of a six-month mortality [RR 0.956; CI (0.918-0.994 ; p = 0.024]. Conclusion. In our population the acute type A aortic dissection occurred rarely in the setting of frank ascending aortic aneurysms > 5.0 cm. The majority of patients had a history of arterial hypertension. A history of arterial hypertension was not associated with maximal ascending aorta diameter. Mean arterial blood pressure was the independent predictor of a six-months mortality.

Pavlovi? Katica

2011-01-01

189

Ambulatory arterial stiffness index as a predictor of cardiovascular mortality in the Dublin Outcome Study  

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We hypothesized that the dynamic relation between diastolic and systolic blood pressure over 24 hours provides a measure of arterial stiffness and might, therefore, predict cardiovascular mortality over and above pulse pressure. At baseline, while not on antihypertensive medication, 11 291 patients (mean age, 54.6 years; 5965 women) underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Using all of the blood pressure readings, we plotted diastolic against systolic blood pressure from each individua...

Dolan, Eamon; Thijs, Lutgarde; Li, Yan; Atkins, Neil; Mccormack, Patricia; Mcclory, Sean; O Brien, Eoin; Staessen, Jan A.; Stanton, Alice V.

2006-01-01

190

Increases in intramuscular pressure raise arterial blood pressure during dynamic exercise  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation was designed to determine the role of intramuscular pressure-sensitive mechanoreceptors and chemically sensitive metaboreceptors in affecting the blood pressure response to dynamic exercise in humans. Sixteen subjects performed incremental (20 W/min) cycle exercise to fatigue under four conditions: control, exercise with thigh cuff occlusion of 90 Torr (Cuff occlusion), exercise with lower body positive pressure (LBPP) of 45 Torr, and a combination of thigh cuff occlusion and LBPP (combination). Indexes of central command (heart rate, oxygen uptake, ratings of perceived exertion, and electromyographic activity), cardiac output, stroke volume, and total peripheral resistance were not significantly different between the four conditions. Mechanical stimulation during LBPP and combination conditions resulted in significant elevations in intramuscular pressure and mean arterial pressure from control at rest and throughout the incremental exercise protocol (P arterial blood pressure during submaximal dynamic exercise in humans.

Gallagher, K. M.; Fadel, P. J.; Smith, S. A.; Norton, K. H.; Querry, R. G.; Olivencia-Yurvati, A.; Raven, P. B.

2001-01-01

191

Application of pressure wire in carotid artery stenting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background Nowad ays, critical carotid stenosis lacks appropriate treatment standards, and carotid artery stenting (CAS needs more direct guidance. This study aims to investigate the possibility of applying pressure wire in CAS, and the guidance of pressure gradients in choosing indications of CAS. Methods From May 2012 to October 2012, 32 consecutive cases with carotid stenosis undergoing CAS were enrolled. Preoperative and postoperative carotid ultrasound and CT perfusion imaging were performed, and intraoperative measurements of endovascular pressure gradients before and after stent implantation were recorded to evaluate intracranial circulation compensation. Results Preopera tive carotid ultrasound showed the rate of stenosis in 32 cases was?70% or nearly total occlusion. Doppler measurement of peak systolic velocity (PSV of the stenosed vessel ranged 184-718 cm/s. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA examination showed the stenosis rates were 50%-70% in 7 cases, 70%-90% in 16 and > 90% in 9. The coincidence rate of carotid ultrasound and DSA was 84.38% (27/32, and the acquisition rate of intraoperative carotid pressure gradients was 100%. Pressure gradients before stent implantation were 10-92 mm Hg, with an average of (41.45 ± 25.50 mm Hg, and pressure gradients after stent implantation were 0-15 mm Hg, with an average of (3.44 ± 3.47 mm Hg. DSA revealed 4 cases with good intracranial circulation compensation and 28 cases with poor intracranial circulation compensation. Conclusion Pressure wire can be safely and effectively used in CAS to acquire pressure gradients between the two ends of stenosis segment. For carotid artery stenosis patients lacking of intracranial circulation compensation, pressure gradients become higher as stenosis rate increases within a certain range. Therefore, CAS for stenosis with lower pressure gradients should be reconsidered.

FENG Tao

2013-03-01

192

Effects of a long-acting GLP-1 mimetic (PF-04603629) on pulse rate and diastolic blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  

Science.gov (United States)

PF-04603629, an exendin-transferrin fusion protein, is a long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) mimetic. This randomized, double-blind study characterized the safety and pharmacodynamics of a single dose of PF-04603629 (n = 57; 1-70 mg) or placebo (n = 14) in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There were dose-dependent decreases from baseline in day 6 glucose area under the curve following a mixed meal test (-27 ± 12% with 70 mg). Most treatment-related adverse events were gastrointestinal, with nausea and vomiting most frequent at 70 mg. Pulse rate (PR) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) increased dose dependently within the normal range. At 24 h postdose mean PR increased 23 ± 9 bpm and mean DBP increased 10 ± 5 mmHg with 70 mg. In conclusion, PF-04603629 exhibited efficacy and tolerability consistent with its mechanism of action; however, PR and DBP increased. Similar effects have been reported occasionally with other GLP-1 mimetics. These data underscore the importance of careful assessments of haemodynamic effects in GLP-1 analogues. PMID:21812891

Gustavson, S M; Chen, D; Somayaji, V; Hudson, K; Baltrukonis, D J; Singh, J; Boyden, T L; Calle, R A

2011-11-01

193

Treinamento resistido controla a pressão arterial de ratos hipertensos induzidos por l-NAME / Resistance training controls arterial blood pressure in rats with L-NAME- induced hypertension  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese FUNDAMENTO: A hipertensão arterial é uma síndrome multifatorial, crônica, causada tanto por fatores congênitos ou adquiridos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos do treinamento físico resistido (TR) sobre pressão arterial, reatividade e morfologia vascular de ratos hipertensos induzidos por L-NAME. MÉTODOS [...] : Ratos Wistar machos (200-250 g) foram divididos em 3 grupos: normotenso sedentário (NS), hipertenso sedentário (HS) e hipertenso treinado (HT). A hipertensão foi induzida pela administração de L-NAME (40 mg/kg) na água de beber por 4 semanas. A pressão arterial foi avaliada antes e após o TR. O TR foi realizado utilizando 50% de 1RM, em 3 séries de 10 repetições, 3 vezes por semana, durante quatro semanas. A reatividade vascular foi mensurada em artéria mesentérica superior por curvas concentração resposta ao nitroprussiato de sódio (NPS) e fenilefrina (FEN). Além disso, foram realizadas análises histológicas e estereológicas. RESULTADOS: O TR inibiu o aumento das pressões arteriais média e diastólica. Foi observada uma redução significativa na resposta máxima e na potência da FEN entre os grupos HS e HT. A análise histológica evidenciou aspecto normal para as túnicas íntima, média e adventícia em todos os grupos. Não houve diferença significativa nas áreas do lúmen, da túnica média e total das artérias dos grupos HS e HT em relação ao NS. A razão parede/lúmen arterial do grupo HS apresentou diferença significativa em relação ao NS (p Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is a multifactorial chronic condition caused by either congenital or acquired factors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Resistance Training (RT) on arterial pressure, and on vascular reactivity and morphology, of L-NAME-treated hypertensive rats. METHODS: Male [...] Wistar rats (200 - 250 g) were allocated into Sedentary Normotensive (SN), Sedentary Hypertensive (SH) and Trained Hypertensive (TH) groups. Hypertension was induced by adding L-NAME (40 mg/Kg) to the drinking water for four weeks. Arterial pressure was evaluated before and after RT. RT was performed using 50% of 1RM, 3 sets of 10 repetitions, 3 times per week for four weeks. Vascular reactivity was measured in rat mesenteric artery rings by concentration-response curves to sodium nitroprusside (SNP); phenylephrine (PHE) was also used for histological and stereological analysis. RESULTS: Resistance training inhibited the increase in mean and diastolic arterial pressures. Significant reduction was observed in Rmax (maximal response) and pD2 (potency) of PHE between SH and TH groups. Arteries demonstrated normal intima, media and adventitia layers in all groups. Stereological analysis demonstrated no significant difference in luminal, tunica media, and total areas of arteries in the SH and TH groups when compared to the SN group. Wall-to-lumen ratio of SH arteries was significantly different compared to SN arteries (p

Araujo, Ayslan Jorge Santos de; Santos, Anne Carolline Veríssimo dos; Souza, Karine dos Santos; Aires, Marlúcia Bastos; Santana-Filho, Valter Joviniano; Fioretto, Emerson Ticona; Mota, Marcelo Mendonça; Santos, Márcio Roberto Viana.

194

Effects of heat stress on dynamic cerebral autoregulation during large fluctuations in arterial blood pressure  

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Impaired cerebral autoregulation during marked reductions in arterial blood pressure may contribute to heat stress-induced orthostatic intolerance. This study tested the hypothesis that passive heat stress attenuates dynamic cerebral autoregulation during pronounced swings in arterial blood pressure. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and middle cerebral artery blood velocity were continuously recorded for ?6 min during normothermia and heat stress (core body temperature = 36.9 ± 0.1°C an...

Brothers, R. Matthew; Zhang, Rong; Wingo, Jonathan E.; Hubing, Kimberly A.; Crandall, Craig G.

2009-01-01

195

Right ventricular diastolic dysfunction and patent foramen ovale causing profound cyanosis  

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A 73 year old woman presented with profound central cyanosis and a history of a minor stroke. She had normal heart morphology, normal pulmonary artery pressure, and a normal coronary angiography. A patent foramen ovale (PFO) with a massive right to left shunt was demonstrated at the atrial level, with normal pulmonary venous saturations and Po2 values. This rare, age related case of right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in a normotensive patient revealed a generous PFO allowing a pronounced...

Shnaider, H.; Shiran, A.; Lorber, A.

2004-01-01

196

Depression of systolic and diastolic myocardial reserve during atrial pacing tachycardia in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.  

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Previous reports have shown that increases in heart rate may result in enhanced left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic performance. To assess whether this phenomenon occurs in the presence of depressed LV function, the effects of pacing on LV pressure and volume were compared in seven patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (LV ejection fraction 0.19 +/- 0.11) and six patients with no or minimal coronary artery disease (LV ejection fraction 0.69 +/- 0.11). Patients with normal LV function ...

1988-01-01

197

Influence of Age and Arterial Blood Pressure on the Anti-hypertensive Action of Dihydro-pyridine Compounds in Hypertensive Patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: English Abstract in english ABSTRACT To study the antihypertensive effect of dihydropyridines and correlate with the patient’s age, the degree of hypertension and mean arterial pressure, in three groups of eight hypertensive patients with mild, moderate and severe hypertension selected from the Clinical Pharmacology Unit of Va [...] rgas Hospital in Caracas. Mean age, weight and height of the selected patients were 55.66 ± 3.4, years, 67 ± 3.05 Kg and 1.63 ± 0.01 m, respectively. Three acute experimental designs compared with placebo were followed and each group of patients received amlodipine, nitrendipine or isradipine at different times, in single doses of 10, 20 and 5 mg, respectively. The cardiovascular parameters evaluated were: mean arterial pressure, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and cardiac frequency at regular intervals during 48, 6 and 24 hours for amlodipine, nitrendipine and isradipine, respectively. Acute administration of amlodipine (10 mg) to hypertensive patients, significantly reduced blood pressure form 185 ± 11.21/100 ± 7.07 to 150.5 ± 10.6/88.6 ± 7.8 mmHg at 8 hours and to 162 ± 10.9/91 ± 5.6 mmHg at 48 hours. Cardiac frequency also increased significantly at 8 and 48 hours in 10 and 9 beats/min, respectively. There was a positive correlation between patient’s age and mean arterial pressure decrease and also between pretreatment and decreased arterial pressure. Two hours after acute administration of isradipine (5 mg) to hypertensive patients, blood pressure decreased significantly from 179.50 ± 7.6/100.26 ± 3.28 mmHg to 143.75 ± 4.7/82 ± 5.18 mmHg. Cardiac frequency increased in 5 beats/min at the same time of measure. There was a positive correlation between patient’s age and arterial pressure decrease and a slight but not significant correlation between pretreatment and mean arterial blood pressure decrease. Acute dose of nitrendipine (20 mg) to hypertensive patients induced a significant fall of arterial blood pressure from 172.25 ± 7.8/107.13 ± 3.58 to 134.5 ± 5.08/81 ± 5.84 mmHg two hours after the administration of the drug, and the cardiac frequency increased significantly in 11 beats/min during this time. There was no significant correlation between patient’s age and the mean arterial pressure fall, neither between pretreatment and the decrease of arterial blood pressure.

M, Bermúdez; E, Lezama; A, Luchsinger; F, Contreras; MA, De la Parte; Manuel, Velasco.

198

Effects of dipeptidyl peptidase iv inhibition on arterial blood pressure.  

Science.gov (United States)

1. The aim of the present study was to determine whether inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) elevates arterial blood pressure and whether any such effect is dependent on genetic background, the sympathetic nervous system and Y(1) receptors. The rationale behind this study was that: (i) neuropeptide (NP) Y(1-36) and peptide YY(1-36) (PYY(1-36)) are endogenous Y(1) receptor agonists and are metabolised by DPP IV to NPY(3-36) and PYY(3-36), which are not Y(1) but rather selective Y(2) receptor agonists; (ii) Y(1) receptors mediate vasoconstriction, whereas Y(2) receptors have little effect on vascular tone; (iii) vaso-constrictor effect of the Y(1) receptor is enhanced in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared with normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats; and (iv) NPY(1-36) is released from sympathetic nerve terminals. 2. We examined the effects of acute administration of 3-N-[(2S,3S)-2-amino-3-methylpentanoyl]-1,3-thiazolidine (P32/98; a DPP IV inhibitor) on arterial blood pressure in anaesthetized adult SHR and WKY rats in the absence and presence of either captopril, hydralazine or chlorisondamine to lower basal mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) by different mechanisms (inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme, direct vasodilation and ganglionic blockade, respectively). 3. In naïve SHR with severely elevated basal blood pressures (MABP = 176 +/- 3 mmHg; n = 4), i.v. boluses (1, 3 and 10 mg/kg) of P32/98 did not affect blood pressure. 4. When basal blood pressure was reduced by pretreatment of SHR with either captopril (30 mg/kg, i.v.; MABP = 116 +/- 3 mmHg; n = 9) or hydralazine (5 mg/kg, i.p.; MABP = 84 +/- 3 mmHg; n = 7), P32/98 (1, 3 and 10 mg/kg) caused significant dose-related increases in arterial blood pressure (4 +/- 2, 10 +/- 2 and 12 +/- 3 mmHg in the captopril-pretreated group, respectively (P DPP IV inhibitors are used more widely in hypertensive patients treated with antihypertensive drugs. PMID:18047624

Jackson, Edwin K; Dubinion, John H; Mi, Zaichuan

2008-01-01

199

Fatores Prognósticos para o Óbito Perinatal em Gestações com Diástole Zero ou Reversa na Dopplervelocimetria das Artérias Umbilicais / Prognostic Parameters for Perinatal Death in Pregnancies with Absent or Reversed End-Diastolic Flow Velocity in the Umbilical Arteries  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivos: estudar os fatores prognósticos para o óbito perinatal em gestações com diagnóstico de diástole zero (DZ) ou reversa (DR) na dopplervelocimetria das artérias umbilicais. Métodos: foram analisadas retrospectivamente 204 gestantes com DZ ou DR, sendo realizados os exames de cardiotocografia [...] , perfil biofísico fetal, índice do líquido amniótico e dopplervelocimetria do ducto venoso e das artérias umbilicais, uterinas, aorta e cerebral média. Em 170 casos foi aplicado o modelo de regressão logística para determinar a variável com melhor acurácia na predição do óbito perinatal. Resultados: a mortalidade foi de 28 casos de óbito fetal (13,7%) e 45 de óbito pós-natal (22,1%). Houve correlação significativa entre os óbitos e as variáveis analisadas. A proporção de óbitos no grupo com recém-nascidos de peso inferior a 1.000 g foi de 74,7% e no grupo com idade gestacional inferior a 31 semanas, de 66,3%. Na regressão logística, o peso do recém-nascido foi a melhor variável capaz de predizer o óbito perinatal (p Abstract in english Purpose: to study the prognostic parameters for perinatal death in pregnancies with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow velocity on umbilical artery dopplervelocimetry. Methods: two hundred and four pregnancies were retrospectively reviewed. The methods used were cardiotocography, fetal biophysica [...] l profile, amniotic fluid index and dopplervelocimetry of ductus venosus, fetal aorta, middle cerebral artery, umbilical arteries and uterine artery. The logistic regression model was applied to one hundred and seventy cases in order to determine the most accurate variable for predicting perinatal death. Results: the mortality rates were: 28 cases of intrauterine fetal death (13.7%) and 45 neonatal deaths (22.1%). A statistically significant correlation was found between death and the studied variables. The perinatal death rate in the group with birth weight below 1,000 g was 74.7%, and in the group with gestational age at delivery below 31 weeks it was 66.3%. By logistic regression, birth weight was the most accurate variable for predicting perinatal death, and a probability curve for death according to this variable was obtained. Conclusions: absent or reversed end-diastolic flow velocity in the umbilical arteries is a severe fetal condition, where the risk of perinatal death is mainly related to birth weight and a gestational age at delivery below 31 weeks.

Yamamoto, Roseli Mieko; Francisco, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira; Miyadahira, Seizo; Chuba, Cátia Cristine; Zugaib, Marcelo.

200

Relationship of daily arterial blood pressure monitoring readings and arterial stiffness profile in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease combined with arterial hypertension  

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The aim of the study was to determine correlation between arterial blood pressure daily rhythm and daily profile of arterial stiffness in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and arterial hypertension. Materials et methods: Prospective investigation comprised 45 male patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. Individuals of 40 years younger and 80 years elder, patients with diabetes, stroke, angina pectoris, or heart infarction, vascular diseases, and exacerbatio...

Karoli N.A.; Dolishnyaya G.R.; Borodkin A.M.; Rebrov A.P.

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial em pacientes normotensos com hipotireoidismo subclínico / Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in normotensive patients with subclinical hypothyroidism  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese FUNDAMENTO: O hipotireoidismo manifesto está associado com elevação da pressão arterial diastólica; entretanto, a associação entre o hipotireoidismo subclínico (HS) e alteração da pressão arterial (PA) é desconhecida. OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a monitorização ambulatorial d [...] a pressão arterial (MAPA) por 24 horas em pacientes normotensos com HS em comparação a indivíduos normotensos eutireóideos (EU). MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 50 participantes (HS = 30 e EU = 20) que não apresentavam diferenças em relação a fatores de risco para hipertensão. A monitorização ambulatorial de pressão arterial foi realizada com um monitor Dynamapa®, utilizando-se um método oscilométrico validado pela AAMI (Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation) e pela BHS (British Hypertension Society). RESULTADOS: Os níveis séricos médios de TSH e T4 livre foram respectivamente 6,9 ± 2,2 µUI/ml e 1,1 ± 0,2 ng/dl em pacientes com HS. Apesar de não haver diferença em relação à média da pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica entre os dois grupos, houve uma correlação positiva entre os níveis de pressão arterial diastólica média (PADM) e os valores séricos de TSH em pacientes com HS (r:0,477; p = 0,004). Essa correlação foi detectada por medidas diurnas (r:0,498; p = 0,002) e noturnas (r:0,322; p = 0,032). CONCLUSÃO: A pressão arterial não diferiu entre pacientes com ou sem HS; contudo, os resultados sugerem que a progressão de hipotireoidismo subclínico para níveis mais elevados de TSH pode aumentar o risco cardiovascular através do aumento da pressão arterial diastólica. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Overt hypothyroidism is associated with elevation of diastolic blood pressure; however the association of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) with arterial blood pressure (ABP) alteration is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate ambulatory blood pressure monitoring [...] (ABPM), over 24 hours, in normotensive patients with SH in comparison to euthyroid (EU) normotensive individuals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 50 participants (SH = 30 and EU = 20) that did not differ regarding risk factors for hypertension. The ABPM was carried out with a DINAMAPA TM monitor, using the oscillometric method validated by AAMI (Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation) and by the BHS (British Hypertension Society). RESULTS: The mean serum TSH and FT4 were respectively 6.9 ± 2.2 µUI/ml and 1.1 ± 0.2 ng/dl in SH patients. Although there was no difference in the mean values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the two groups, there was a positive correlation between the mean values of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and serum TSH levels in SH patients (r:0.477; p = 0.004). These correlations were detected at daytime (r:0.498; p = 0.002) and sleep-time (r:0.322; p = 0.032) measurements. CONCLUSION: The blood pressure was not different between patients with or without SH; however, the results suggest that the progression of subclinical hypothyroidism to higher levels of TSH may increase the cardiovascular risk by increasing diastolic blood pressure.

Marcia Martins, Ferreira; Patricia de Fatima dos Santos, Teixeira; Vera Aleta R., Mansur; Vaneska Spinelli, Reuters; Cloyra Paiva, Almeida; Mario, Vaisman.

202

Monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial em pacientes normotensos com hipotireoidismo subclínico Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in normotensive patients with subclinical hypothyroidism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: O hipotireoidismo manifesto está associado com elevação da pressão arterial diastólica; entretanto, a associação entre o hipotireoidismo subclínico (HS e alteração da pressão arterial (PA é desconhecida. OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA por 24 horas em pacientes normotensos com HS em comparação a indivíduos normotensos eutireóideos (EU. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 50 participantes (HS = 30 e EU = 20 que não apresentavam diferenças em relação a fatores de risco para hipertensão. A monitorização ambulatorial de pressão arterial foi realizada com um monitor Dynamapa®, utilizando-se um método oscilométrico validado pela AAMI (Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation e pela BHS (British Hypertension Society. RESULTADOS: Os níveis séricos médios de TSH e T4 livre foram respectivamente 6,9 ± 2,2 µUI/ml e 1,1 ± 0,2 ng/dl em pacientes com HS. Apesar de não haver diferença em relação à média da pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica entre os dois grupos, houve uma correlação positiva entre os níveis de pressão arterial diastólica média (PADM e os valores séricos de TSH em pacientes com HS (r:0,477; p = 0,004. Essa correlação foi detectada por medidas diurnas (r:0,498; p = 0,002 e noturnas (r:0,322; p = 0,032. CONCLUSÃO: A pressão arterial não diferiu entre pacientes com ou sem HS; contudo, os resultados sugerem que a progressão de hipotireoidismo subclínico para níveis mais elevados de TSH pode aumentar o risco cardiovascular através do aumento da pressão arterial diastólica.BACKGROUND: Overt hypothyroidism is associated with elevation of diastolic blood pressure; however the association of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH with arterial blood pressure (ABP alteration is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM, over 24 hours, in normotensive patients with SH in comparison to euthyroid (EU normotensive individuals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 50 participants (SH = 30 and EU = 20 that did not differ regarding risk factors for hypertension. The ABPM was carried out with a DINAMAPA TM monitor, using the oscillometric method validated by AAMI (Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation and by the BHS (British Hypertension Society. RESULTS: The mean serum TSH and FT4 were respectively 6.9 ± 2.2 µUI/ml and 1.1 ± 0.2 ng/dl in SH patients. Although there was no difference in the mean values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the two groups, there was a positive correlation between the mean values of diastolic blood pressure (DBP and serum TSH levels in SH patients (r:0.477; p = 0.004. These correlations were detected at daytime (r:0.498; p = 0.002 and sleep-time (r:0.322; p = 0.032 measurements. CONCLUSION: The blood pressure was not different between patients with or without SH; however, the results suggest that the progression of subclinical hypothyroidism to higher levels of TSH may increase the cardiovascular risk by increasing diastolic blood pressure.

Marcia Martins Ferreira

2010-06-01

203

Perinatal taurine exposure affects adult arterial pressure control.  

Science.gov (United States)

Taurine is an abundant, free amino acid found in mammalian cells that contributes to many physiologic functions from that of a simple cell osmolyte to a programmer of adult health and disease. Taurine's contribution extends from conception throughout life, but its most critical exposure period is during perinatal life. In adults, taurine supplementation prevents or alleviates cardiovascular disease and related complications. In contrast, low taurine consumption coincides with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity and type II diabetes. This review focuses on the effects that altered perinatal taurine exposure has on long-term mechanisms that control adult arterial blood pressure and could thereby contribute to arterial hypertension through its ability to program these cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms very early in life. The modifications of these mechanisms can last a lifetime and transfer to the next generation, suggesting that epigenetic mechanisms underlie the changes. The ability of perinatal taurine exposure to influence arterial pressure control mechanisms and hypertension in adult life appears to involve the regulation of growth and development, the central and autonomic nervous system, the renin-angiotensin system, glucose-insulin interaction and changes to heart, blood vessels and kidney function. PMID:23070226

Roysommuti, Sanya; Wyss, J Michael

2014-01-01

204

Alcohol consumption, arterial blood pressure and general mortality rate: Twenty-years follow-up study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background. Alcohol consumption has both adverse and beneficial effects on health and survival. The aim of this prospective study was to examine the association between alcohol consumption and arterial hypertension as well as general mortality rate. Methods. The study included 286 participants, middle-aged men and women examined in 1974, and again in 1994 during twenty years of follow-up (mean age at the beginning of the study 43.61±7.09 years. Alcohol consumption was assessed by the specific questionnaire. Consumption levels were grouped into three categories: rare drinkers (consuming less than 6 drinks a week, moderate drinkers, who consume 1-2 alcohol drinks a day and heavy drinkers (consumers of 3 or more drinks a day. Results. In both phases of the follow-up the lowest values of systolic and diastolic pressure were recorded in the group with moderate alcohol consumption, and the highest values in the group with excessive consumption. The observed differences were statistically significant. The general mortality rates were the highest among participants reporting excessive alcohol consumption (relative risk 3.2; 95% confidence interval 1.84-5.62, and among the abstainers (relative risk 1.8; 95% confidence interval 0.99-3.36, compared to the moderate consumption group. Conclusion. Analysis of the obtained results suggested the protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption on cardiovascular system.

Jakovljevi? Branko

2004-01-01

205

Increases in intramuscular pressure raise arterial blood pressure during dynamic exercise  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation was designed to determine the role of intramuscular pressure-sensitive mechanoreceptors and chemically sensitive metaboreceptors in affecting the blood pressure response to dynamic exercise in humans. Sixteen subjects performed incremental (20 W/min) cycle exercise to fatigue under four conditions: control, exercise with thigh cuff occlusion of 90 Torr (Cuff occlusion), exercise with lower body positive pressure (LBPP) of 45 Torr, and a combination of thigh cuff occlusion and LBPP (combination). Indexes of central command (heart rate, oxygen uptake, ratings of perceived exertion, and electromyographic activity), cardiac output, stroke volume, and total peripheral resistance were not significantly different between the four conditions. Mechanical stimulation during LBPP and combination conditions resulted in significant elevations in intramuscular pressure and mean arterial pressure from control at rest and throughout the incremental exercise protocol (P < 0.05). Conversely, there existed no significant changes in mean arterial pressure when the metaboreflex was stimulated by cuff occlusion. These findings suggest that under normal conditions the mechanoreflex is tonically active and is the primary mediator of exercise pressor reflex-induced alterations in arterial blood pressure during submaximal dynamic exercise in humans.

Gallagher, K. M.; Fadel, P. J.; Smith, S. A.; Norton, K. H.; Querry, R. G.; Olivencia-Yurvati, A.; Raven, P. B.

2001-01-01

206

Relationship of daily arterial blood pressure monitoring readings and arterial stiffness profile in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease combined with arterial hypertension  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine correlation between arterial blood pressure daily rhythm and daily profile of arterial stiffness in male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and arterial hypertension. Materials et methods: Prospective investigation comprised 45 male patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. Individuals of 40 years younger and 80 years elder, patients with diabetes, stroke, angina pectoris, or heart infarction, vascular diseases, and exacerbation of chronic disease, bronchial and pulmonary diseases of other etiology were excluded from the analyses. Comparison group included 47 patients with essential arterial hypertension and without chronic respiratory diseases closely similar on general parameters with patients from main clinical series. Twenty-four-hour arterial blood pressure monitoring (ABPM and daily arterial stiffness monitoring were performed using BPLab® MnSDP-2 apparatus (Petr Telegin, Russian Federation. Results: Patients with COPD combined with arterial hypertension with raised arterial stiffness measures prevail over individuals in essential hypertension group. There is pathological alteration of the ABPM circadian rhythm and raised «Pressure load» values in raised arterial stiffness group. Conclusion: We found ABPM raised parameters in patients with COPD and arterial hypertension. It confirms necessity of ABPM in daily arterial stiffness assessment in patients with COPD.

Karoli N.A.

2013-06-01

207

Comparison of the effects of antihypertensive agents on central blood pressure and arterial stiffness in isolated systolic hypertension.  

Science.gov (United States)

Isolated systolic hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and results primarily from elastic artery stiffening. Although various drug therapies are used to lower peripheral blood pressure (BP) in patients with isolated systolic hypertension, the effects of the 4 major classes of antihypertensive agents on central BP, pulse pressure (PP) amplification, and arterial stiffness in this condition are not clear. Fifty-nine patients over the age of 60 years with untreated isolated systolic hypertension (systolic BP > or =140 mm Hg and diastolic BP lercanidipine, or bendrofluazide. BP was measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer, and augmentation index and carotid-femoral (aortic) pulse wave velocity were measured at baseline, after 2 weeks of placebo therapy, and at the end of 10 weeks of active therapy. Peripheral systolic BP and peripheral PP were reduced similarly after treatment with all 4 classes of drug. However, central PP was only reduced significantly by perindopril, lercanidipine, and bendrofluazide, whereas atenolol had no effect. Lercanidipine reduced the augmentation index, whereas atenolol increased it. Aortic pulse wave velocity was not changed by any of the drugs. In summary, despite similar reductions in peripheral systolic and PPs with the 4 classes of drug, changes in central pressure and augmentation index varied. Because central PP and increased wave reflections are considered important risk factors in patients with isolated systolic hypertension, the choice of therapy may be influenced by these findings in the future. PMID:19487582

Mackenzie, Isla S; McEniery, Carmel M; Dhakam, Zahid; Brown, Morris J; Cockcroft, John R; Wilkinson, Ian B

2009-08-01

208

Blood Amyloid Beta Levels in Healthy, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease Individuals: Replication of Diastolic Blood Pressure Correlations and Analysis of Critical Covariates  

Science.gov (United States)

Plasma amyloid beta (A?) levels are being investigated as potential biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease. In AB128 cross-sectional study, a number of medical relevant correlates of blood A?40 or A?42 were analyzed in 140 subjects (51 Alzheimer’s disease patients, 53 healthy controls and 36 individuals diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment). We determined the association between multiple variables with A?40 and A?42 levels measured in three different blood compartments called i) A? directly accessible (DA) in the plasma, ii) A? recovered from the plasma matrix (RP) after diluting the plasma sample in a formulated buffer, and iii) associated with the remaining cellular pellet (CP). We confirmed that diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is consistently correlated with blood DA A?40 levels (r=-0.19, P=0.032). These results were consistent in the three phenotypic groups studied. Importantly, the observation resisted covariation with age, gender or creatinine levels. Observed effect size and direction of A?40 levels/DBP correlation are in accordance with previous reports. Of note, DA A?40 and the RP A?40 were also strongly associated with creatinine levels (r=0.599, P<<0.001) and to a lesser extent to urea, age, hematocrit, uric acid and homocysteine (p<0.001). DBP and the rest of statistical significant correlates identified should be considered as potential confounder factors in studies investigating blood A? levels as potential AD biomarker. Remarkably, the factors affecting A? levels in plasma (DA, RP) and blood cell compartments (CP) seem completely different.

Ruiz, Agustin; Pesini, Pedro; Espinosa, Ana; Perez-Grijalba, Virginia; Valero, Sergi; Sotolongo-Grau, Oscar; Alegret, Montserrat; Monleon, Inmaculada; Lafuente, Asuncion; Buendia, Mar; Ibarria, Marta; Ruiz, Susana; Hernandez, Isabel; San Jose, Itziar; Tarraga, Lluis; Boada, Merce; Sarasa, Manuel

2013-01-01

209

Reciprocal Influence of Slow Waves Extracted in Intracranial Pressure, Arterial Pressure and Cerebral Blood Velocity Signals.  

Science.gov (United States)

Slow waves in intracranial pressure (ICP) and related signals seems of interest to evaluate the dynamic autoregulation, i.e. by comparison of the frequency links between an intracranial signal e.g. ICP, cerebral blood velocity (CBV), and arterial blood pr...

F. Cervenansky J. J. Lemaire J. Y. Boire

2001-01-01

210

Entrapment of an arterial pressure catheter by a previously deployed Starclose device.  

Science.gov (United States)

Herein is a case report description of entrapment of an arterial pressure line by a previously deployed Starclose device. This device is widely used to control femoral artery puncture site following diagnostic catheterization. PMID:20506201

Alameddine, Abdallah K; Rousou, John A

2011-01-01

211

Uterine and umbilical artery velocimetry during normal labor.  

Science.gov (United States)

Twelve normal parturients were studied with a continuous wave Doppler unit to assess changes in uterine and umbilical velocity waveforms during labor. The analysis of these waveforms included the peak systolic/end-diastolic ratio and the evaluation of a diastolic notch. Each woman served as her own control, and all fetal heart rate tracings were normal. In latent phase labor and intact membranes, the umbilical artery systolic/end diastolic ratios before, during, and after a contraction were 2 +/- 0.2, 2 +/- 0.3 and 1.95 +/- 0.3 (N.S.). Similar results were obtained in the active phase, after rupture of membranes, or during oxytocin stimulation. This stability of the fetal cardiovascular system ensures an uninterrupted gas exchange process during the contractions (on the fetal side), enabling the great majority of term fetuses to tolerate labor with minimal if any metabolic changes. The uterine artery end-diastolic velocity fell progressively during the contraction, reaching 0 when the intrauterine pressure exceeded 35 mm Hg. Despite intrauterine pressure of greater than 60 mm Hg, the diastolic notch did not appear. Thus at term, the umbilical artery velocity waveform does not change over a wide range of uterine pressures. The changes seen in the uterine artery waveforms suggest that the end-diastolic component is primarily determined by changes in the arcuate and spiral arteries, both of which are affected during the uterine contraction. PMID:2955700

Fleischer, A; Anyaegbunam, A A; Schulman, H; Farmakides, G; Randolph, G

1987-07-01

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Impact of age on the importance of systolic and diastolic blood pressures for stroke risk: the monica, risk, genetics, archiving, and monograph (MORGAM) project Risk: The MOnica, Risk, Genetics, Archiving, and Monograph (MORGAM) Project  

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This study investigates age-related shifts in the relative importance of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures as predictors of stroke and whether these relations are influenced by other cardiovascular risk factors. Using 34 European cohorts from the MOnica, Risk, Genetics, Archiving, and Monograph (MORGAM) Project with baseline between 1982 and 1997, 68 551 subjects aged 19 to 78 years, without cardiovascular disease and not receiving antihypertensive treatment, were included. D...

Andreasen, Anne H.; Borglykke, Anders; Broda, Grazyna; Vishram, Julie K. K.; Jeppesen, Jørgen

2012-01-01

213

Pulmonary and systemic arterial pressure in hyaline membrane disease.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Systolic pulmonary arterial pressure was determined serially over the first 10 days of life in 33 babies with hyaline membrane disease by measuring the peak velocity of pansystolic tricuspid valve regurgitation, using Doppler ultrasound, and applying the Bernoulli equation. Results are presented in age groups 0-12, 13-36, 37-72, and 73-96 hours respectively. The incidence of tricuspid valve regurgitation was 92, 97, 80, and 64% (falling to 35% by day 10) compared with 53, 50, 31, and 0% in 17...

Skinner, J. R.; Boys, R. J.; Hunter, S.; Hey, E. N.

1992-01-01

214

Cerebral autoregulation with changes in arterial and cerebral venous pressure  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The effect of cerebral venous pressure (Pcv) elevation on cerebral autoregulation has been incompletely studied. The authors compared the effect of decreased cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) by elevated Pcv and decreased arterial pressure (Pa) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in a canine modified bypass model. CPP of 80, 70, 60, 50, 40 and 30 mmHg were produced by decreasing Pa with intracranial pressure (ICP) and Pcv maintained at 0 mmHg (group 1, n = 5), or by elevating Pcv as Pa was maintained at 80 mmHg (group 2, n = 5. CBF was measured using radiolabeled microspheres, and CMRO/sub 2/ = CBF times arterial-sagittal sinus O/sub 2/ content difference. Cerebrovascular resistance (CVR) = CPP/CBF. In group 1 CBF (ml/100 gm/min) was unchanged from control (36 +/- 4) as CPP was decreased from 80 to 40 mmHg. As CPP was decreased to 30 mmHg, CBF decreased to 28 +/- 1. CVR (mmHg/ml/min/100 gm) was 2.3 +/- 0.3 and progressively decreased to 1.0 +/- 0.1 at CPP of 30 mmHg. In group 2 CBF was 34 +/- 3 and was unchanged as CPP decreased to 50 mmHg. At CPP of 40 and 30 mmHg CBF decreased to 25 +/- 3 and 22 +/- 2 respectively. Control CRV was 2.4 +/- 0.2 and progressively decreased to 1.4 +/- 0.1 as CPP decreased to 30 mmHg. CMRO/sub 2/ was unchanged from control in both groups. Thus, CBF is maintained to low CPP regardless of whether vascular transmural pressure was decreased (decrease Pa) or increased (increased Pcv) demonstrating that the myogenic mechanism of autoregulation may be unimportant in normoxic dogs.

McPherson, R.W.; Traystman, R.J.

1986-03-01

215

Cerebral autoregulation with changes in arterial and cerebral venous pressure  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The effect of cerebral venous pressure (Pcv) elevation on cerebral autoregulation has been incompletely studied. The authors compared the effect of decreased cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) by elevated Pcv and decreased arterial pressure (Pa) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in a canine modified bypass model. CPP of 80, 70, 60, 50, 40 and 30 mmHg were produced by decreasing Pa with intracranial pressure (ICP) and Pcv maintained at 0 mmHg (group 1, n = 5), or by elevating Pcv as Pa was maintained at 80 mmHg (group 2, n = 5. CBF was measured using radiolabeled microspheres, and CMRO2 = CBF times arterial-sagittal sinus O2 content difference. Cerebrovascular resistance (CVR) = CPP/CBF. In group 1 CBF (ml/100 gm/min) was unchanged from control (36 +/- 4) as CPP was decreased from 80 to 40 mmHg. As CPP was decreased to 30 mmHg, CBF decreased to 28 +/- 1. CVR (mmHg/ml/min/100 gm) was 2.3 +/- 0.3 and progressively decreased to 1.0 +/- 0.1 at CPP of 30 mmHg. In group 2 CBF was 34 +/- 3 and was unchanged as CPP decreased to 50 mmHg. At CPP of 40 and 30 mmHg CBF decreased to 25 +/- 3 and 22 +/- 2 respectively. Control CRV was 2.4 +/- 0.2 and progressively decreased to 1.4 +/- 0.1 as CPP decreased to 30 mmHg. CMRO2 was unchanged from control in both groups. Thus, CBF is maintained to low CPP regardless of whether vascular transmural pressure was decreased (decrease Pa) or increased (increased Pcv) demonstrating that the myogenic mechanism of autoregulation may be unimportant in normoxic dogs

1986-03-01

216

Remifentanil Prevents Tourniquet-Induced Arterial Pressure Increase in Elderly Orthopedic Patients under Sevoflurane/N2O General Anesthesia  

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Full Text Available Aims: Prolonged tourniquet inflation produces a hyperdynamic cardiovascular response. We investigated the effect of continuous remifentanil infusion on systemic arterial pressure, heart rate, and cardiac output changes during prolonged tourniquet use in elderly patients under sevoflurane/N2O general anesthesia.Methods: Thirty female patients scheduled for knee replacement arthroplasty were infused with either remifentanil at a target organ concentration of 2.0 ng/mL (remifentanil group, n = 15 or saline (control group, n = 15 after induction of anesthesia. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane and N2O. Heart rate (HR, systolic arterial pressure (SAP, diastolic arterial pressure (DAP, cardiac index (CI, total systemic vascular resistance index (TSVRI, BIS, end-tidal sevoflurane concentration (EtSEVO, and end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration (EtCO2 were measured during the study period.Results: There were significant differences in mean HR, SAP, DAP, and EtSEVO over time between the groups (P = 0.047, P < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P < 0.001, respectively. There was a statistically significant time trend effect (P < 0.001 in HR, SAP, DAP, and CI between the groups, with a statistically significant time-group interaction between the two groups (P = 0.02, 0.007, 0.001, 0.01, respectively.Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that infusion with remifentanil prevented an increase in hemodynamic pressure during tourniquet inflation in elderly patients under sevoflurane/N2O general anesthesia.

Jun-Young Jung, Jin-Hee Han, Jae-Woo Yi, Jong-Man Kang

2012-01-01

217

Dynamic Stress Analysis of the Arterial Wall Utilizing Physiological Pressure Waveforms  

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Full Text Available Arterial diseases, promoted by alterations in arterial wall properties, are among the main causes of mortality. Mechanical stresses of the arterial wall caused by pulsatile luminal pressure define arterial function in normal and pathological conditions. This study aims to determine dynamic stress distribution in the arterial wall subjected to physiological pressure waveforms. Finite element models of a typical artery are developed to evaluate Von Misses stress in the arterial wall due to physiological pressure waveforms and with differing mechanical properties. Mechanical parameters include Young's modulus of elasticity, non-linear stress-strain relationship and visco-elastic parameter. The appropriate boundary conditions are allocated to allow radial expansion. Application of physiological pulsatile pressure results in stress waves with the values and waveforms markedly influenced by mechanical properties of the arterial wall and blood pressure pulse. Elevated elastic modulus of the arterial wall results in significant increase in maximum stress. Viscoelastic property leads to reduction of the peak stress and smoothening of the stress waveform. The pressure waveform is also a major parameter affecting the stress pattern in arterial wall. Hypertensive arteries result in higher and sharper stress waves not only because of a higher systolic value but also because of the sharper waveform. The combination of these parameters produces the resultant stress pattern in the arterial wall.

M. M. Khani

2008-01-01

218

Correlation analysis of the changes in arterial blood pressure in people with acute mountain sickness when exposed to high altitude  

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Full Text Available Objectives ?To investigate the changes in arterial blood pressure in the healthy lowlanders when they were exposed to different altitudes and duration, and the relationship of the exposure with the prevalence and susceptibility of acute mountain sickness (AMS, in order to evaluate the significance of arterial blood pressure changes in the diagnosis of AMS and its clinical risk. Methods ?Demographic data and blood pressure parameters [systolic blood pressure (SBP, diastolic blood pressure (DBP, mean arterial BP (MABP] of healthy lowlanders (inhabitants in ?500m were collected after being exposed to 3700m on day 1, 3, 5 and 7, and also after being exposed to 4400m on day 5, while healthy young men living at low altitude were randomly selected as the control group. Simultaneously the AMS symptoms Questionnaire was filled. The Lake Louise acute mountain sickness scoring system (LLS was used to diagnose AMS. The changes in arterial blood pressure in people above and its correlation with AMS were analyzed. Results ?After acute exposure to 3700m (day 1, SBP, DBP and MABP rose obviously, and then descended moderately after adaptation for about a week, but still higher than that of LA level (P<0.05. And then SBP, DBP and MABP rose again at high-altitude of 4400m, but lower than the levels of day 1 at 3700m. MABP at 3700m and 4400m were related to LLS (r=0.138, P=0.048; r=0.145, P=0.045, respectively. MABP levels for diagnosis of AMS at 3700m showed an cut-off point of 98.5mmHg with sensitivity of 32.8% and specificity of 73.7% (P<0.05, and MABP levels for diagnosis of AMS at 4400m showed an cut-off point of 97.8mmHg with sensitivity of 42.4% and specificity of 75.5% (P<0.05. Conclusions ?After exposure to acute hypoxia, MABP may serve as a predictive parameter for diagnosis of AMS. However, the clinical application of MABP as a diagnostic criterion is limited because of its poor specificity or sensitivity. The use of MABP as a diagnostic criterion should be combined with other indicators such as arterial blood oxygen saturation (SaO2 for the diagnosis of AMS. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2014.03.12

Yang LIU

2014-03-01

219

Meta-analysis of the quantitative relation between pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure and cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes mellitus.  

Science.gov (United States)

Results of epidemiologic studies that investigated the significance of pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in terms of risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with diabetes mellitus are inconsistent. We performed a quantitative meta-analysis to estimate CVD risk in relation to PP or MAP. Electronic literature search was conducted for prospective studies providing data on CVD risk for an increment in baseline MAP or PP in patients with diabetes mellitus. The pooled CVD risk for a 10-mm Hg increase in each blood pressure (BP) index was estimated with a random-effects model. There were 17 eligible studies consisting of 52,647 patients and 5,112 CVD cases. The pooled relative risk (95% confidence interval) of CVD for an increment of 10 mm Hg was 1.10 (1.04 to 1.16) for PP and 1.09 (0.98 to 1.21) for MAP. Significant between-study heterogeneity was observed (I(2) [p value]; 76.5% [p <0.001] for PP, 67.8% [p = 0.005] for MAP). In studies concurrently investigating CVD risk for the 4 indexes (i.e., PP, MAP, systolic BP, and diastolic BP), the pooled relative risk (95% confidence interval) was 1.17 (1.09 to 1.26) for PP, 1.11 (1.06 to 1.15) for MAP, 1.14 (1.06 to 1.22) for systolic BP, and 1.06 (0.94 to 1.19) for diastolic BP. In conclusion, the current meta-analysis suggested that PP was the strongest indicator among the 4 commonly used BP indexes. However, the large heterogeneity urged cautious interpretation of the study results. PMID:24462067

Kodama, Satoru; Horikawa, Chika; Fujihara, Kazuya; Yoshizawa, Sakiko; Yachi, Yoko; Tanaka, Shiro; Ohara, Nobumasa; Matsunaga, Satoshi; Yamada, Takaho; Hanyu, Osamu; Sone, Hirohito

2014-03-15

220

Portal stump pressure monitorization in the conscious rat after porta-caval shunt and total liver arterialization with the left gastric artery.  

Science.gov (United States)

A method for portal stump pressure monitorization following arterialization is presented. Both intra and postoperative pressure determinations were performed and a significant difference between intra and postoperative values was observed. The pressure of the arterialized portal stump either using the left gastric artery or one of its branches, when compared to the free portal pressure did not reveal significant differences. According to these data, the proposed method of arterialization seems to create a "physiologic" arterialized stump pressure. This information while contributing to a better understanding of the complex hemodynamics of the arterialized liver represents essential guidelines for further studies on liver trophism and experimental portal hypertension. PMID:6469555

Flati, G; Rozga, J; Flati, D; Porowska, B; Negro, P; Tuscano, D; Carboni, M; Bengmark, S

1984-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Efeito do treinamento com pesos na pressão arterial de repouso em idosas normotensas / Effect of resistence training in blood pressure at rest in normotensive elderly  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O treinamento com pesos (TP) tem sido amplamente empregado em adultos idosos com objetivo de minimizar ou reverter os efeitos deletérios do processo de envelhecimento no sistema neuromuscular. No entanto, os potenciais benefícios do TP para a pressão arterial e frequência cardíaca de rep [...] ouso de adultos idosos ainda permanecem controversos. OBJETIVO: Analisar o efeito de oito semanas de TP na pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), pressão arterial diastólica (PAD), pressão arterial média (PAM) e frequência cardíaca (FC) de repouso em idosas sem hipertensão arterial. MÉTODOS: Dezessete mulheres idosas (66,0 ± 5,8 anos) sem experiência em TP foram separadas aleatoriamente em grupo treinamento (GT; n = 10) e grupo controle (GC; n = 7). As variáveis hemodinâmicas de repouso foram avaliadas pelo método auscultatório (esfigmomanômetro de mercúrio) e frequencímetro cardíaco (Polar), antes e após oito semanas do período experimental. RESULTADOS: Reduções atribuíveis ao TP foram encontradas apenas para a PAS (-13,4 mmHg; p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Resistance training (RT) has been widely used for older adults in order to minimize or reverse the deleterious effects of aging in the neuromuscular system. However, the potential benefits of RT on arterial blood pressure and heart rate at rest in older adults remain controversial. OBJ [...] ECTIVE: To analyze the effect of eight weeks of RT on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) in older women without hypertension. METHODS: Seventeen women (aged 66.0 ± 5.8 years) without previous experience in RT were randomly assigned to either a training (TG, n = 10) or control (CG, n = 7) groups. Hemodynamic parameters at rest were evaluated by auscultatory method (mercury sphygmomanometer) and HR monitor (Polar), before and after eight weeks of experimental period. RESULTS: Reductions attributable to RT were found only to SBP (-13.4 mmHg, p

Gurjão, André Luiz Demantova; Gonçalves, Raquel; Carneiro, Nelson Hilário; Ceccato, Marilia; Jambassi Filho, José Claudio; Gobbi, Sebastião.

222

A new method for estimating arterial occlusion pressure in optimizing pneumatic tourniquet inflation pressure.  

Science.gov (United States)

To reduce pressure-related injuries resulting from pneumatic tourniquet use, the lowest possible inflation pressure is recommended. Arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) is a measure of the cuff pressure required to maintain a bloodless surgical field. However, its determination method is time consuming, requires operator skill, and is therefore seldom used in current practice. An AOP estimation can be made by knowing the pressure transmitted to the underlying soft tissues. We measured upper and lower extremity tissue pressures under the tourniquet cuff at 100, 200, and 300 mm Hg of tourniquet inflation pressures in 30 anesthetized living adult patients. All patients received general anesthesia with neuromuscular relaxation. A Stryker intra-compartmental pressure monitor was used to measure tissue pressures under the tourniquet cuff. In all patients, the soft tissue pressures were consistently lower than the applied tourniquet inflation pressures. Our results revealed tissue padding coefficients for extremities 20 to 75 cm in circumferences. An estimation method of AOP was developed [AOP = (systolic blood pressure + 10)/Tissue padding coefficient]. The new AOP estimation method may be a simple, rapid, and clinically practical alternative to the AOP determination method. PMID:16717321

Tuncali, Bahattin; Karci, Ayse; Tuncali, Binnur Erdalkiran; Mavioglu, Omur; Ozkan, Mustafa; Bacakoglu, Abdul Kadir; Baydur, Hakan; Ekin, Ahmet; Elar, Zahide

2006-06-01

223

Machine Learning Techniques for Arterial Pressure Waveform Analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Arterial Pressure Waveform (APW can provide essential information about arterial wall integrity and arterial stiffness. Most of APW analysis frameworks individually process each hemodynamic parameter and do not evaluate inter-dependencies in the overall pulse morphology. The key contribution of this work is the use of machine learning algorithms to deal with vectorized features extracted from APW. With this purpose, we follow a five-step evaluation methodology: (1 a custom-designed, non-invasive, electromechanical device was used in the data collection from 50 subjects; (2 the acquired position and amplitude of onset, Systolic Peak (SP, Point of Inflection (Pi and Dicrotic Wave (DW were used for the computation of some morphological attributes; (3 pre-processing work on the datasets was performed in order to reduce the number of input features and increase the model accuracy by selecting the most relevant ones; (4 classification of the dataset was carried out using four different machine learning algorithms: Random Forest, BayesNet (probabilistic, J48 (decision tree and RIPPER (rule-based induction; and (5 we evaluate the trained models, using the majority-voting system, comparatively to the respective calculated Augmentation Index (AIx. Classification algorithms have been proved to be efficient, in particular Random Forest has shown good accuracy (96.95% and high area under the curve (AUC of a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC curve (0.961. Finally, during validation tests, a correlation between high risk labels, retrieved from the multi-parametric approach, and positive AIx values was verified. This approach gives allowance for designing new hemodynamic morphology vectors and techniques for multiple APW analysis, thus improving the arterial pulse understanding, especially when compared to traditional single-parameter analysis, where the failure in one parameter measurement component, such as Pi, can jeopardize the whole evaluation.

João Cardoso

2013-05-01

224

Estimation of Arterial Blood Pressure by Visual Observation of Sphygomomanometer Needle Oscillation.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study of the needle oscillation method of blood pressure measurement was made using 6 normotensive adult females as subjects and observers. The mean systolic values for this method were found to be higher and the mean diastolic values lower than with th...

N. B. Chase

1969-01-01

225

Measurement of pulmonary artery pressure by doppler and comparison with catheterization method  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pulmonary artery pressure can be estimated from right ventricular-right atrial pressure gradient in patients with tricuspid regurgitation. The most common approach is to estimate pulmonary artery systolic pressure from right ventricular pressure (assuming no pulmonic stenosis determined as the sum of the right ventricular-right atrial pressure gradient and either an assumed or clinically determined right atrial pressure. But in this study, that was done on 62 patients in 1996 in Imam Khomeini hospital, we demonstrated that it was not needed to add an assumed right atrial pressure to right ventricular-right atrial pressure gradient. We also demonstrated that pulmonary artery pressure estimated in this study, bears a direct relationship to systolic pulmonary artery pressure derived in right heart catheterization (r=0.98, standard error of estimulation

Ranjbarnejad Esfahani H

1998-06-01

226

An Inquiry-Based Teaching Tool for Understanding Arterial Blood Pressure Regulation and Cardiovascular Function.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents a laboratory exercise designed to introduce students to the hemodynamic variables (heart rate, stroke volume, total peripheral resistance, and compliance) that alter arterial pressure. (Author/CCM)

Collins, Heidi L.; Rodenbaugh, David W.; Murphy, Todd P.; Kulics, Jennifer M.; Bailey, Cynthia M.; DiCarlo, Stephen E.

1999-01-01

227

Avaliação de fatores de risco associados com elevação da pressão arterial em crianças Evaluation of risk factors associated with increased blood pressure in children  

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Full Text Available Objetivos: Identificar fatores associados a níveis elevados de pressão arterial em crianças. Métodos: Estudo transversal da pressão arterial de 672 crianças entre 2 e 11 anos de idade em duas instituições de ensino de Belo Horizonte, entre setembro e dezembro de 2001. A pressão arterial foi mensurada seguindo os parámetros estabelecidos pelo relatório do Update on the 1987 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. As seguintes variáveis foram estudadas: idade, sexo, cor da pele, índice de qualidade de vida urbana, estatura e índice de massa corporal. Para a comparação das médias, foi utilizada a análise de variãncia, e para a comparação de proporções, o teste quiquadrado. As variãveis associadas a níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial foram incluídas em análise de regressão linear múltipla. Resultados: Na análise univariada, níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica estiveram associados com crianças de cor branca, crianças da região com alto índice de qualidade de vida urbana e com elevado índice de massa corporal. Na análise multivariada, apenas o índice de massa corporal, o índice de qualidade de vida urbana e a estatura mantiveram-se associados com níveis elevados de pressão sistólica. Em relação aos níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial diastólica, apenas as variáveis índice de qualidade de vida urbana e idade foram mantidas no modelo após o ajustamento. Conclusão: O sobrepeso e a obesidade estiveram associados com níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial sistólica. Outros fatores, não identificados, foram parcialmente associados a níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial de crianças do estabelecimento privado do ensinoTo identify factors associated with increased arterial blood pressure in children. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, arterial blood pressure was measured in 672 children between 2 and 11 years of age from two schools in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. After providing informed consent, all children had their blood pressure and anthropometric parameters measured. Blood pressure was measured based on the recommendations of the Update on the 1987 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. The following variables were assessed: age, sex, race, urban life quality index, weight, height, and body mass index. Analysis of variance was used for comparison of means and the chi-square was used for comparison of proportions. Variables associated with increased blood pressure were included in a multiple regression model. Results: According to univariate analysis, increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure were associated with high urban life quality index, white race and high body mass index. On multivariate analysis, body mass index, urban life quality index and height remained associated with increased systolic blood pressure; urban life quality index and age were associated with increased diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: In this study, excess weight and obesity were associated with increased systolic blood pressure. Other unidentified factors were partially associated with increased blood pressure in children from the school with elevated urban life quality index

Frederico D Garcia

2006-10-01

228

Avaliação de fatores de risco associados com elevação da pressão arterial em crianças / Evaluation of risk factors associated with increased blood pressure in children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivos: Identificar fatores associados a níveis elevados de pressão arterial em crianças. Métodos: Estudo transversal da pressão arterial de 672 crianças entre 2 e 11 anos de idade em duas instituições de ensino de Belo Horizonte, entre setembro e dezembro de 2001. A pressão arterial foi mensurad [...] a seguindo os parámetros estabelecidos pelo relatório do Update on the 1987 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. As seguintes variáveis foram estudadas: idade, sexo, cor da pele, índice de qualidade de vida urbana, estatura e índice de massa corporal. Para a comparação das médias, foi utilizada a análise de variãncia, e para a comparação de proporções, o teste quiquadrado. As variãveis associadas a níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial foram incluídas em análise de regressão linear múltipla. Resultados: Na análise univariada, níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica estiveram associados com crianças de cor branca, crianças da região com alto índice de qualidade de vida urbana e com elevado índice de massa corporal. Na análise multivariada, apenas o índice de massa corporal, o índice de qualidade de vida urbana e a estatura mantiveram-se associados com níveis elevados de pressão sistólica. Em relação aos níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial diastólica, apenas as variáveis índice de qualidade de vida urbana e idade foram mantidas no modelo após o ajustamento. Conclusão: O sobrepeso e a obesidade estiveram associados com níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial sistólica. Outros fatores, não identificados, foram parcialmente associados a níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial de crianças do estabelecimento privado do ensino Abstract in english To identify factors associated with increased arterial blood pressure in children. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, arterial blood pressure was measured in 672 children between 2 and 11 years of age from two schools in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. After providing informed consent, all [...] children had their blood pressure and anthropometric parameters measured. Blood pressure was measured based on the recommendations of the Update on the 1987 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. The following variables were assessed: age, sex, race, urban life quality index, weight, height, and body mass index. Analysis of variance was used for comparison of means and the chi-square was used for comparison of proportions. Variables associated with increased blood pressure were included in a multiple regression model. Results: According to univariate analysis, increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure were associated with high urban life quality index, white race and high body mass index. On multivariate analysis, body mass index, urban life quality index and height remained associated with increased systolic blood pressure; urban life quality index and age were associated with increased diastolic blood pressure. Conclusion: In this study, excess weight and obesity were associated with increased systolic blood pressure. Other unidentified factors were partially associated with increased blood pressure in children from the school with elevated urban life quality index

Garcia, Frederico D; Terra, Aleyson F; Queiroz, Anderson M; Correia, Cristiano A; Ramos, Priscila S; Ferreira, Quèsia T; Rocha, Regina L; Oliveira, Eduardo A.

229

Avaliação de fatores de risco associados com elevação da pressão arterial em crianças / Evaluation of risk factors associated with increased blood pressure in children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Identificar fatores associados a níveis elevados de pressão arterial em crianças. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal da pressão arterial de 672 crianças entre 2 e 11 anos de idade em duas instituições de ensino de Belo Horizonte, entre setembro e dezembro de 2001. A pressão arterial foi mensurad [...] a seguindo os parâmetros estabelecidos pelo relatório do Update on the 1987 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. As seguintes variáveis foram estudadas: idade, sexo, cor da pele, índice de qualidade de vida urbana, estatura e índice de massa corporal. Para a comparação das médias, foi utilizada a análise de variância, e para a comparação de proporções, o teste qui-quadrado. As variáveis associadas a níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial foram incluídas em análise de regressão linear múltipla. RESULTADOS: Na análise univariada, níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica estiveram associados com crianças de cor branca, crianças da região com alto índice de qualidade de vida urbana e com elevado índice de massa corporal. Na análise multivariada, apenas o índice de massa corporal, o índice de qualidade de vida urbana e a estatura mantiveram-se associados com níveis elevados de pressão sistólica. Em relação aos níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial diastólica, apenas as variáveis índice de qualidade de vida urbana e idade foram mantidas no modelo após o ajustamento. CONCLUSÃO: O sobrepeso e a obesidade estiveram associados com níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial sistólica. Outros fatores, não identificados, foram parcialmente associados a níveis mais elevados de pressão arterial de crianças do estabelecimento privado do ensino. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with increased arterial blood pressure in children. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, arterial blood pressure was measured in 672 children between 2 and 11 years of age from two schools in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. After providing informed co [...] nsent, all children had their blood pressure and anthropometric parameters measured. Blood pressure was measured based on the recommendations of the Update on the 1987 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. The following variables were assessed: age, sex, race, urban life quality index, weight, height, and body mass index. Analysis of variance was used for comparison of means and the chi-square was used for comparison of proportions. Variables associated with increased blood pressure were included in a multiple regression model. RESULTS: According to univariate analysis, increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure were associated with high urban life quality index, white race and high body mass index. On multivariate analysis, body mass index, urban life quality index and height remained associated with increased systolic blood pressure; urban life quality index and age were associated with increased diastolic blood pressure. CONCLUSION: In this study, excess weight and obesity were associated with increased systolic blood pressure. Other unidentified factors were partially associated with increased blood pressure in children from the school with elevated urban life quality index.

Garcia, Frederico D; Terra, Aleyson F; Queiroz, Anderson M; Correia, Cristiano A; Ramos, Priscila S; Ferreira, Quésia T; Rocha, Regina L; Oliveira, Eduardo A.

230

Effect of kefir and low-dose aspirin on arterial blood pressure measurements and renal apoptosis in unhypertensive rats with 4 weeks salt diet.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract We aim to study the effect of low-dose aspirin and kefir on arterial blood pressure measurements and renal apoptosis in unhypertensive rats with 4 weeks salt diet. Forty adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: control, high-salt (HS) (8.0% NaCl), HS+aspirin (10 mg/kg), HS+kefir (10.0%w/v), HS+aspirin?+kefir. We measured sistolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), diastolic pressure, pulse pressure in the rats. Cathepsin B, L, DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activities were determined from rat kidney tissues and rats clearance of creatinine calculated. Although HS diet increased significantly SBP, MAP, diastolic pressure, pulse pressure parameters compared the control values. They were not as high as accepted hypertension levels. When compared to HS groups, kefir groups significantly decrease Cathepsin B and DNA fragmentation levels. Caspase levels were elevated slightly in other groups according to control group. While, we also found that creatinine clearance was higher in HS+kefir and HS+low-dose aspirin than HS group. Thus, using low-dose aspirin had been approximately decreased of renal function damage. Kefir decreased renal function damage playing as Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. But, low-dose aspirin together with kefir worsened rat renal function damage. Cathepsin B might play role both apoptosis and prorenin-processing enzyme. But not caspase pathway may be involved in the present HS diet induced apoptosis. In conclusion, kefir and low-dose aspirin used independently protect renal function and renal damage induced by HS diet in rats. PMID:23631764

Kanbak, Güngör; Uzuner, Kubilay; Ku?at Ol, Kevser; O?lakç?, Ay?egül; Kartkaya, Kaz?m; ?entürk, Hakan

2014-01-01

231

Effect of forward rapidly rotating shift work on circadian rhythms of arterial pressure, heart rate and oral temperature in air traffic controllers.  

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Twenty-four-hour records of arterial pressure (AP), heart rate (HR), oral temperature (OT) and physical and mental performance were obtained in air traffic controllers during morning (n = 16), afternoon (n = 17) and night (n = 19) shifts. Data were analyzed by the cosinor method. The results obtained during the morning shift were as follows (mesor/amplitude/acrophase): systolic AP (mm Hg)--113.6/10.0/16:03 h; diastolic AP--71.1/8.2/15:19 h; mean AP--85.6/8.8/15:41 h; HR (beats/min)--77.5/8.9/16:00 h; OT (dg C)--36.71/0.21/15:49 h; right-hand grip strength (kg)--49.8/2.0/17:43 h; left-hand grip strength--46.1/2.0/16:08 h; mental performance (calculations/min)--14.9/1.1/16:39 h. During the night shift either no change of the circadian acrophases (HR, right-hand grip strength) or acrophase delays ranging from about 2 h (systolic AP, OT, mental performance) up to 3 h (diastolic and mean AP, left-hand grip strength) were observed. Our data suggest that the shift system studied does not significantly alter the circadian rhythms, and does not induce a desynchronization, particularly as concerns arterial pressure and oral temperature. PMID:9614764

Stoynev, A G; Minkova, N K

1998-02-01

232

Slit lamp ophthalmodynamometry in internal carotid artery insufficiency  

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Full Text Available Slit lamp ophthalmodynamometry was done by Dynoptor instrument in 6 cases of internal carotid artery, insufficiency, 18 cases of middle cerebral artery thrombosis and 20 control cases free from neurological disease. The average difference between the ophthalmic artery pressures of the two sides was 7.6% (diastolic and 4.8% (systolic in control cases. It was 6.6% (diastolic and 4.6% (systolic in cases of middle cerebral artery thrombosis. This difference was much higher in cases of -sub internal carotid artery insufficiency (41.3% ?diastolic and 25.4% in systolic; thus elucidating the role of ophthalmodynamometry as a non-invasive technique in diagnosis of these cases.

Nath Rajiv

1987-01-01

233

Simulations of piezoelectric pressure sensor for radial artery pulse measurement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A radial artery pulse is used to diagnose human body constitution (Prakruti) in Ayurveda. A system consisting of piezoelectric sensor (22 mm x 12 mm), data acquisition card and LabView software was used to record the pulse data. The pulse obtained from the sensor was noisy, even though signal processing was done. Moreover due to large sized senor accurate measurements were not possible. Hence, a need was felt to develop a sensor of the size of the order of finger tip with a resonant frequency of the order of 1 Hz. A micromachined pressure sensor based on piezoelectric sensing mechanism was designed and simulated using CoventorWare. Simulations were carried out by varying dimensions of the sensor to optimize the resonant frequency, stresses and voltage generated as a function of applied pressure. All simulations were done with pressure ranging of 1-30 kPa, which is the range used by Ayurvedic practitioners for diagnosis. Preliminary work on fabrication of such a sensor was carried out successfully.

2010-04-15

234

Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular diastolic function.  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessment of diastolic function and left ventricular filling pressures in the setting of both normal and reduced systolic function is of major importance particularly in patients with dyspnea. Since multiple echocardiography parameters are used to assess diastolic function each with some limitations, a comprehensive approach should be applied. Transmitral Doppler flow should be evaluated in combination with newer, less load dependent Doppler techniques. Tissue Doppler imaging provides accurate, well validated data regarding diastolic properties and filling pressures of the left ventricle. Tissue Doppler imaging should be the part of a routine echocardiography study due to its ease of use and high reproducibility. Pulmonary vein Doppler and flow propagation velocity should be incorporated into the evaluation when needed. PMID:17785223

Pirat, Bahar; Zoghbi, William A

2007-09-01

235

Impact of cervical internal carotid clamping and radial artery graft bypass on cortical arterial perfusion pressure during craniotomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Strategic cervical internal carotid occlusion is employed either temporarily or permanently in various neurosurgical procedures. The aim of the present study was to assess changes in cortical arterial pressure during cervical internal carotid cross-clamping before and after the placement of radial artery (RA) graft bypass in the treatment of complex carotid artery aneurysms. Perfusion pressure of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) was assessed in 22 patients with complex carotid aneurysm treated with RA graft bypass. Regional cerebral blood flow was assessed postoperatively using single-photon computed tomography. Mean cortical blood pressure (mcBP) was found to be 48.2?±?24.2 and 97.0?±?24.0 % of baseline after clamping the cervical internal carotid artery and opening the RA graft bypass, respectively. Cerebral perfusion pressure estimated by the mcBP failed to sustain a critical limit of greater than 70 mmHg under craniotomy in 16 out of 20 (80 %) patients. There was an inverse correlation in mcBP between the baseline and after the placement of the RA graft bypass (r?=?0.66, P?blood flow in the MCA territory on the ipsilateral side of the aneurysm was 97?±?7 % of that of the contralateral side after internal carotid artery (ICA) ligation combined with RA graft bypass. Substantial pressure reductions in cerebral cortical arteries were observed during the cervical internal carotid cross-clamping. Perfusion pressure in peripheral cortical arteries after the placement of the RA graft bypass was comparable to the state before ICA clamping. PMID:24700098

Kazumata, Ken; Kamiyama, Hiroyasu; Ishikawa, Tatsuya; Nakamura, Toshitaka; Terasaka, Shunsuke; Houkin, Kiyohiro

2014-07-01

236

Perfusion of veins at arterial pressure increases the expression of KLF5 and cell cycle genes in smooth muscle cells  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation remains a major cause of veno-arterial graft failure. We hypothesised that exposure of venous SMCs to arterial pressure would increase KLF5 expression and that of cell cycle genes. Porcine jugular veins were perfused at arterial or venous pressure in the absence of growth factors. The KLF5, c-myc, cyclin-D and cyclin-E expression were elevated within 24 h of perfusion at arterial pressure but not at venous pressure. Arterial pressure also reduced the decline in SM-myosin heavy chain expression. These data suggest a role for KLF5 in initiating venous SMCs proliferation in response to arterial pressure.

Amirak, Emre [Section of Molecular Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Zakkar, Mustafa; Evans, Paul C. [Cardiovascular Sciences, Bywaters Center for Vascular Inflammation, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London W12 ONN (United Kingdom); Kemp, Paul R., E-mail: p.kemp@imperial.ac.uk [Section of Molecular Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, Sir Alexander Fleming Building, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2010-01-01

237

Stiffness Indices and Fractal Dimension relationship in Arterial Pressure and Diameter Time Series in-Vitro  

Science.gov (United States)

The advent of vascular diseases, such as hypertension and atherosclerosis, is associated to significant alterations in the physical properties of arterial vessels. Evaluation of arterial biomechanical behaviour is related to the assessment of three representative indices: arterial compliance, arterial distensibility and arterial stiffness index. Elasticity is the most important mechanical property of the arterial wall, whose natures is strictly non-linear. Intervention of elastin and collagen fibres, passive constituent elements of the arterial wall, is related to the applied wall stress level. Concerning this, appropriate tools are required to analyse the temporal dynamics of the signals involved, in order to characterize the whole phenomenon. Fractal geometry can be mentioned as one of those techniques. The aim of this study consisted on arterial pressure and diameter signals processing, by means of nonlinear techniques based on fractal geometry. Time series morphology was related to different arterial stiffness states, generated by means of blood flow variations, during experiences performed in vitro.

Cymberknop, L.; Legnani, W.; Pessana, F.; Bia, D.; Zócalo, Y.; Armentano, R. L.

2011-12-01

238

Stiffness Indices and Fractal Dimension relationship in Arterial Pressure and Diameter Time Series in-Vitro  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The advent of vascular diseases, such as hypertension and atherosclerosis, is associated to significant alterations in the physical properties of arterial vessels. Evaluation of arterial biomechanical behaviour is related to the assessment of three representative indices: arterial compliance, arterial distensibility and arterial stiffness index. Elasticity is the most important mechanical property of the arterial wall, whose natures is strictly non-linear. Intervention of elastin and collagen fibres, passive constituent elements of the arterial wall, is related to the applied wall stress level. Concerning this, appropriate tools are required to analyse the temporal dynamics of the signals involved, in order to characterize the whole phenomenon. Fractal geometry can be mentioned as one of those techniques. The aim of this study consisted on arterial pressure and diameter signals processing, by means of nonlinear techniques based on fractal geometry. Time series morphology was related to different arterial stiffness states, generated by means of blood flow variations, during experiences performed in vitro.

2011-12-23

239

An Inexpensive Arterial Pressure Wave Sensor and its application in different physiological condition  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Arterial Blood Pressure wave monitoring is considered to be important in assessment of cardiovascular system. We developed a novel pulse wave detection system using low frequency specific piezoelectric material as pressure wave sensor. The transducer detects the periodic change in the arterial wall diameter produced by pressure wave and the amplified signal after integration represents the pressure wave. The signal before integration is proportional to the rate of change of ...

Sur, Shantanu; Ghatak, S. K.

2005-01-01

240

Blood pressure changes in dogs with babesiosis  

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Full Text Available Systemic arterial blood pressures were measured in 30 dogs with acute babesiosis, 10 each with mild uncomplicated, severe uncomplicated and complicated disease. Ten healthy dogs were used as controls. Hypotension was defined as more than 3 standard deviations below the control mean. Normal mean pressures (±SD were: systolic arterial pressure 151 (±11 mm Hg, diastolic arterial pressure 89 (±8 mm Hg and mean arterial pressure 107 (±10 mmHg. Hypotension was the most frequent abnormality, and increased strikingly in incidence as disease severity increased, with 5/10 dogs in the complicated group being hypotensive for systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressures, compared with 2/10 in the severe uncomplicated group and 0/10 in the mild uncomplicated group. Systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressures in the complicated group and severe uncomplicated group, and systolic pressure in the mild uncomplicated group, were significantly lower than in the controls. There were no significant relationships between arterial pressures and age, pulse rate, respiratory rate, temperature, mucous membrane colour or haematocrit. There was a significant negative correlation between arterial pressures and white cell and immature neutrophil counts. Arterial pressures differed significantly between dogs that were clinically collapsed and those that were not, but not between survivors and non-survivors. Pulse pressure (systolic - diastolic was low in 7/10 complicated, 1/10 mild uncomplicated, and 1/10 severe uncomplicated cases, and differed significantly between the complicated and control groups. The high incidence of hypotension in clinically severe babesiosis has important implications for therapy.

L.S. Jacobson

2012-07-01

 
 
 
 
241

Correlation between 24-hour profile of blood pressure and ventricular arrhythmias and their prognostic significance in patients with arterial hypertension  

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Full Text Available Background/Aim. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, apart from arterial hypertension, is a risk factor for electrophysiologic heart condition disorder and sudden cardiac death. The aim of this study was to examine a relationship between complex ventricular arrhythmias and parameters of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in the patients with arterial hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, as well as their prognostic significance during a five-year follow-up. Methods. Ninety patients with arterial hypertension and LVH were included in this study (mean age 55.2±8.3 years. There were 35 healthy people in the control group (mean age 54.5±7.1 years. Left ventricular mass index was 171.9±32.4 g/m2 in the LVH group and 102.4±13.3 g/m2 in the control group. Clinical examination, echocardiogram, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and 24-hour holter monitoring were done in all of the examined persons. Ventricular arrhythmias were classified by the Lown classification. Results. In the LVH group there were 54 (60.0% of the patients with ? III Lown class. The best predictor of a Lown class were left ventricular mass index by using multivariate stepwise regression analyses (? = 0.212; p < 0.05 and small decrease of diastolic blood pressure during the night (? = -0.293; p < 0.01. The main predictor of bad prognosis was left ventricular mass index during a five year follow-up (? = 0.302; p < 0.01, for stepwise regression model: F = 8.828; p < 0.01, adjusted R2 = 0.091. Conclusion. Left ventricular arrhythmias are frequent in patients with lower decrease of blood pressure during the night. There was no correlation between the degree of ventricular arrhythmias and parameters from 24-hour blood pressure monitoring and a five-year prognosis in the patients with arterial hypertension and LVH. A bad five-year follow-up outcome of hypertensive disease depends on left ventricular mass index.

?or?evi? Dragan

2008-01-01

242

Non-invasive assessment of local arterial pulse pressure: comparison of applanation tonometry and echo-tracking  

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Objectives Pulse pressure is not constant throughout the arterial tree. Use of pulse pressure at one arterial site as surrogate for pulse pressure at another arterial site may be erroneous. The present study compares three non-invasive techniques to measure local pulse pressure: (i) internally calibrated readings from applanation tonometry, (ii) alternative calibration of pressure waves obtained with applanation tonometry and (iii) alternative calibration of arterial distension waves obtained...

Bortel, Lm; Balkestein, Ej; Heijden-spek, Jj; Vanmolkot, Fh; Staessen, Jan A.; Kragten, Ja; Vredeveld, Jw; Safar, Me; Boudier, Has; Hoeks, Ap

2001-01-01

243

Regulation of ocular blood flow during increases of arterial blood pressure.  

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The blood flow in the uvea in cats and monkeys during acute increases of arterial blood pressure is well controlled by a sympathetic mechanism protecting the eye from overperfusion. Ocular macrocirculation (ophthalmic artery) and ocular microcirculation (iris) were examined in 22 healthy subjects during acute increases of arterial blood pressure induced by physical exercise (125 W). With a data acquisition and storage software in real time mode several parameters of ocular perfusion and syste...

1994-01-01

244

Non-invasive assessment of arterial stiffness using oscillometric blood pressure measurement  

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Abstract Background Arterial stiffness is a major contributor to cardiovascular diseases. Because current methods of measuring arterial stiffness are technically demanding, the purpose of this study was to develop a simple method of evaluating arterial stiffness using oscillometric blood pressure measurement. Methods Blood pressure was conventionally measured in the left upper arm of 173 individuals using an inflatable cuff. Using the time series of occlusive cu...

Komine Hidehiko; Asai Yoshiyuki; Yokoi Takashi; Yoshizawa Mutsuko

2012-01-01

245

Rapid reduction of blood pressure with acute oral labetalol.  

Science.gov (United States)

1 The effect of acute oral administration of labetalol on intra-arterial pressures in a group of ten hypertensive patients has been evaluated. 2 A single dose of 200 mg labetalol produced a significant reduction in systolic and diastolic pressures within 1 h of administration. 3 Within 24 h of initial administration, 200 mg three times daily produced a significant reduction in ambulant arterial levels of systolic pressure for 21 h and diastolic pressure for 14 h in the day. 4 Acute therapy lowered resting levels but there was no significant reduction in systolic pressure during either isometric or dynamic exercise. 5 Acute therapy was not associated with any significant postural hypotension.

Davies, A B; Bala Subramanian, V; Gould, B; Raftery, E B

1982-01-01

246

Intra-Arterial Blood Pressure Response in Hypertensive Subjects during Low- and High-Intensity Resistance Exercise  

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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe blood pressure responses during resistance exercise in hypertensive subjects and to determine whether an exercise protocol alters these responses. INTRODUCTION: Resistance exercise has been recommended as a complement for aerobic exercise for hypertensive patients. However, blood pressure changes during this kind of exercise have been poorly investigated in hypertensives, despite multiple studies of normotensives demonstrating significant increases in blood pressure. METHODS: Ten hypertensive and ten normotensive subjects performed, in random order, two different exercise protocols, composed by three sets of the knee extension exercise conducted to exhaustion: 40% of the 1-repetition maximum (1RM) with a 45-s rest between sets, and 80% of 1RM with a 90-s rest between sets. Radial intra-arterial blood pressure was measured before and throughout each protocol. RESULTS: Compared with normotensives, hypertensives displayed greater increases in systolic BP during exercise at 80% (+80±3 vs. +62±2 mmHg, P<0.05) and at 40% of 1RM (+75±3 vs. +67±3 mmHg, P<0.05). In both exercise protocols, systolic blood pressure returned to baseline during the rest periods between sets in the normotensives; however, in the hypertensives, BP remained slightly elevated at 40% of 1RM. During rest periods, diastolic blood pressure returned to baseline in hypertensives and dropped below baseline in normotensives. CONCLUSION: Resistance exercise increased systolic blood pressure considerably more in hypertensives than in normotensives, and this increase was greater when lower-intensity exercise was performed to the point of exhaustion.

de Souza Nery, Sandra; Gomides, Ricardo Saraceni; da Silva, Giovanio Vieira; de Moraes Forjaz, Claudia Lucia; Mion, Decio; Tinucci, Tais

2010-01-01

247

Effect of iohexol and diatrizoate on pulmonary arterial pressure following pulmonary angiography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A clinical comparison of the effects on pulmonary arterial pressure produced by iohexol and diatrizoate, following selective pulmonary angiography, was made in 17 patients with a normal pressure before the injection of the contrast medium. A double blind crossover study was performed and each contrast medium was administered in random order. The pulmonary arterial pressure was continuously recorded before, during and after the injection for 3 minutes. The effect of iohexol on the pulmonary arterial pressure was significantly less than that of diatrizoate. The results indicated that iohexol should be better tolerated than diatrizoate and therefore a safer contrast medium for selective pulmonary angiography. (orig.)

1988-01-01

248

Pulse contour cardiac output derived from non-invasive arterial pressure in cardiovascular disease.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pulse contour methods determine cardiac output semi-invasively using standard arterial access. This study assessed whether cardiac output can be determined non-invasively by replacing the intra-arterial pressure input with a non-invasive finger arterial pressure input in two methods, Nexfin CO-trek and Modelflow , in 25 awake patients after coronary artery bypass surgery. Pulmonary artery thermodilution cardiac output served as a reference. In the supine position, the mean (SD) differences between thermodilution cardiac output and Nexfin CO-trek were 0.22 (0.77) and 0.44 (0.81) l.min(-1) , for intra-arterial and non-invasive pressures, respectively. For Modelflow, these differences were 0.70 (1.08) and 1.80 (1.59) l.min(-1) , respectively. Similarly, in the sitting position, differences between thermodilution cardiac output and Nexfin CO-trek were 0.16 (0.78) and 0.34 (0.83), for intra-arterial and non-invasive arterial pressure, respectively. For Modelflow, these differences were 0.58 (1.11) and 1.52 (1.54) l.min(-1) , respectively. Thus, Nexfin CO-trek readings were not different from thermodilution cardiac output, for both invasive and non-invasive inputs. However, Modelflow readings differed greatly from thermodilution when using non-invasive arterial pressure input. PMID:20860647

Bogert, L W J; Wesseling, K H; Schraa, O; Van Lieshout, E J; de Mol, B A J M; van Goudoever, J; Westerhof, B E; van Lieshout, J J

2010-11-01

249

Avaliação das pressões sistólica, diastólica e pressão de pulso como fator de risco para doença aterosclerótica coronariana grave em mulheres com angina instável ou infarto agudo do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST / Evaluation of systolic, diastolic, and pulse pressure as risk factors for severe coronary arteriosclerotic disease in women with unstable angina non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar se as pressões, medidas na raiz da aorta, são fatores de risco para doença aterosclerótica coronariana grave em mulheres com angina instável ou infarto agudo do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (AI/IAMSS). MÉTODO:As pressões, assim como os fatores de risco para doen [...] ça arterial coronariana (DAC) foram prospectivamente coletados de março/1993 a agosto/2001 em 593 mulheres com diagnóstico de AI/IAMSS submetidas à cinecoronariografia. Lesões coronarianas definidas como graves estenoses > 70%. RESULTADOS: Idade média de 59,2±11,2 anos, significantemente mais alta nas pacientes com DAC: 61,9 ± 10,8 anos vs 56.4 ± 10,8 anos; tabagismo, diabetes e climatério foram mais freqüentes nas pacientes com DAC. As médias das pressões sistólica e arterial média foram iguais nos dois grupos, entretanto as médias das pressões diastólicas do ventrículo esquerdo (17.6 ± 8.7 x 15.1 ± 8.1, p=0.001) e da pressão de pulso aórtica foram significantemente maiores nas pacientes com DAC (75.5 ± 22 x 70 ± 19, p=0.002), enquanto a média da pressão diastólica aórtica foi significantemente mais alta nas pacientes sem DAC (75.3 ± 17.5 x 79.8 ± 16, p=0.003). Na análise multivariada a pressão de pulso > 80 mmHg e pressão sistólica > 165 foram independentemente associadas a DAC com razão de chance de 2.12 e 2.09, p 80 mmHg e pressão sistólica > 165 mmHg determinaram risco duas vezes maior de lesão coronariana grave. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pressures assessed at the aortic root as risk factors for severe atherosclerotic coronary heart disease in women with unstable angina/compatible clinical history associated with increase in cardiac enzymes (total CPK and CK-MB) 2 times greater than the standard value used in t [...] he hospital, with the absence of new Q waves on the electrocardiogram (UA/NSTEMI). METHODS: Five hundred and ninety-three female patients with clinical diagnosis of UA/NSTEMI underwent cinecoronariography from March 1993 to August 2001, and the risk factors for CHD were studied. During examination the pressures, at the aortic root, and coronary obstructions were visually assessed by 2 interventional cardiologists, and those stenosis over 70% were considered severe. RESULTS: Eight-one per cent of the population was white and 18.3% was black. Mean age was 59.2±11.2 years, and it was significantly higher in patients with severe coronary lesions: 61.9 ± 10.8 years versus 56.4 ± 10.8 years; smoking, diabetes mellitus and climacteric were more frequent in patients with CHD. The average mean arterial pressure and mean systolic blood pressure was the same in both groups, however, average left ventricle diastolic pressure (17.6 ± 8.7 x 15.1 ± 8.1, p=0.001), and aortic pulse pressure were significantly greater in patients with CHD (75.5 ± 22 x 70 ± 19, p=0.002), while average aortic diastolic pressure was significantly greater in patients without CHD (79.8 ± 16 x 75.3 ± 17.5, p=0.003). In the multivariated analysis, pulse pressure > 80 mmHg and systolic blood pressure > 165 were independently associated with severe CHD with odds ratio of 2.12 and 2.09, p 80 mmHg and systolic blood pressure > 165 mmHG determined risk two times greater of severe coronary disease.

José Marconi Almeida de, Sousa; João L. V., Hermann; João B., Guimarães; Pedro Paulo O., Menezes; Antonio Carlos Camargo, Carvalho.

250

Diets rich in conjugated linoleic acid and vaccenic acid have no effect on blood pressure and isobaric arterial elasticity in healthy young men  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of this study was to examine the effect on blood pressure (BP) and isobaric arterial elasticity (AE), as a measure of arterial health, of a commercial mixture of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and of milk fat produced through livestock feeding to have a high content of vaccenic acid (VA). Healthy young men (n = 60) with a BMI of 22.5 +/- 2 kg/m(2) (mean +/- SD) participated in this double-blind, randomized, 5-wk, parallel intervention study. The participants substituted 115 g of their daily fat intake with fat from 1 of 3 test diets: 1) CLA-diet rich in CLA (4.7 g/d of c9, t11- and t10, c12-CLA isomers in equal amounts); 2) VA-diet rich in VA (3.6 g/d); or 3) C-diet, a control diet with a low content of VA and CLA. All test diets were based on milk fat. BP and AE (measured by an oscillometric method) were measured before and after the intervention period. The effects of the test diets did not differ on any outcome variable: e.g., systolic- and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), pulse pressure (PP), isobaric arterial compliance (AC), distensibility (AD), or volume (AV). In conclusion, diets rich in milk fat and either CLA or VA have no effect on BP or AE indices in healthy young men compared with a control diet.

Straarup, Ellen Marie

2006-01-01

251

The Effect of Static Stretch on Elastin Degradation in Arteries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Previously we have shown that gradual changes in the structure of elastin during an elastase treatment can lead to important transition stages in the mechanical behavior of arteries [1]. However, in vivo arteries are constantly being loaded due to systolic and diastolic pressures and so understanding the effects of loading on the enzymatic degradation of elastin in arteries is important. With biaxial tensile testing, we measured the mechanical behavior of porcine thoracic aortas digested with...

Chow, Ming-jay; Choi, Myunghwan; Yun, Seok Hyun; Zhang, Yanhang

2013-01-01

252

Intraocular pressure and ocular perfusion during hemodialysis Pressão intraocular e perfusão ocular durante hemodiálise  

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AIM: To evaluate the intraocular pressure and ocular perfusion pressure during a hemodialysis. METHODS: Sixty-seven eyes from thirty-five patients were evaluated at the beggining of hemodialysis, 2 hours and 4 hours after initiation. Intraocular pressure was evaluated using a Tonopen. Systolic and diastolic arterial pressures were measured with a manual sphygmomanometer. The ocular perfusion pressure was estimated by mea suring the difference between 2/3 of the mean arterial pressure and the ...

Carolina Pelegrini Barbosa; Francisco Rosa Stefanini; Fernando Penha; Miguel Ângelo Góes; Sérgio Antonio Draibe; Maria Eugênia Canziani; Augusto Paranhos Junior

2011-01-01

253

Diastolic properties of the normal left ventricle during supine exercise.  

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Diastolic function in response to dynamic exercise was studied by biplane left ventriculography and by measuring left ventricular pressure with a high fidelity micromanometer tipped catheter at rest and during supine bicycle exercise in nine normal subjects. During exercise there was a fall in end systolic volume, in the time constant of left ventricular isovolumic pressure decay, and in the lowest diastolic pressure. Stroke volume, peak filling rate, mean passive filling rate, and the volume...

Nonogi, H.; Hess, O. M.; Ritter, M.; Krayenbuehl, H. P.

1988-01-01

254

Rapid reduction of blood pressure with acute oral labetalol.  

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1 The effect of acute oral administration of labetalol on intra-arterial pressures in a group of ten hypertensive patients has been evaluated. 2 A single dose of 200 mg labetalol produced a significant reduction in systolic and diastolic pressures within 1 h of administration. 3 Within 24 h of initial administration, 200 mg three times daily produced a significant reduction in ambulant arterial levels of systolic pressure for 21 h and diastolic pressure for 14 h in the day. 4 Acute therapy lo...

Davies, A. B.; Bala Subramanian, V.; Gould, B.; Raftery, E. B.

1982-01-01

255

Role of cardiac output in mediating arterial blood pressure oscillations.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to determine the role of cardiac output in mediating spontaneous fluctuations in mean arterial pressure (MAP) conscious dogs. Dogs were chronically instrumented to monitor MAP and cardiac output. Atrioventricular (AV) block was induced, and left ventricular and right atrial electrodes were implanted. After recovery, MAP was observed for 5 min under two conditions: 1) normal variation in heart rate and cardiac output via triggering the ventricular stimulator with each atrial depolarization (effectively reversing the AV block, AV-linked stimulation) and 2) computer control of ventricular rate to maintain cardiac output constant on a by-beat basis at the same level as observed during normal variations in heart rate and cardiac output. When cardiac output was held constant, large-amplitude, low-frequency oscillations in MAP were readily apparent. Spectral analysis by fast Fourier transform revealed that during constant cardiac output the power observed at low frequencies in the MAP spectrum represented 95.0 +/- 2.7% of the total power compared with 75.5 +/- 4.6% during normal variations in heart rate and cardiac output (P oscillations in MAP are due to changes in peripheral resistance, whereas a significant amount of high-frequency changes in MAP stems from spontaneous changes in cardiac output. PMID:8853386

O'Leary, D S; Woodbury, D J

1996-09-01

256

Drinking and arterial blood pressure responses to ANG II in young and old rats  

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We investigated water drinking and arterial blood pressure responses to intravenous infusions of ANG II in young (4 mo), middle-aged adult (12 mo), and old (29 mo) male Brown Norway rats. Infusions of ANG II began with arterial blood pressure either at control levels or at reduced levels following injection of the vasodilator minoxidil. Under control conditions, mean arterial pressure (MAP) in response to ANG II rose to the same level for all groups, and middle-aged and old rats drank as much...

Thunhorst, Robert L.; Beltz, Terry G.; Johnson, Alan Kim

2010-01-01

257

Climatic effects on blood pressure in normotensive and hypertensive subjects.  

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In a retrospective within-patient study, the arterial pressures of 174 normotensive and 50 hypertensive subjects in winter and summer were compared. Both systolic and diastolic pressures were higher in winter in the two groups but the differences were small and reached statistical significance only in the case of systolic pressure in normotensive subjects.

Abdulla, K.; Taka, M.

1988-01-01

258

Intra-arterial blood pressure and cardiovascular responses in black and white hypertensives  

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Sixteen black hypertensive patients were matched for age, sex, casual blood pressure and socio-economic status with 16 white hypertensives. All patients underwent continuous intra-arterial ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure, assessment of baroreflex activity and pressor response to exercise and cold. No differences were observed in the blood pressure and cardiovascular responses between the group.

Rowlands, David B.; Watson, Robert D. S.; Stallard, Terence J.; Littler, William A.; Giovanni, Joe

1981-01-01

259

Advances in diastolic heart failure  

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More than 50% of people living with congestive heart failure have diastolic heart failure (DHF). Most of them are older than 70 years, and female. The prevalence of DHF has increased with time. DHF is caused by left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (DD) which is induced by diastolic dyssynchrony. Cardiac and extracardiac factors play important roles in the development of heart failure (HF) symptoms. The diagnosis of DHF is generally based on typical symptoms and signs of HF, preserved o...

Yang, Xing Sheng; Sun, Jing Ping

2010-01-01

260

Direct pressure measurement in the hepatic artery during liver transplantation: can it prevent the "steal" syndrome?  

Science.gov (United States)

Splenic artery "steal" syndrome after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is an important cause of graft dysfunction. Direct pressure measurement in the hepatic (HA) and radial artery (RA) may identify patients at risk allowing its prevention. This observational study compared radial and hepatic mean arterial pressures (MAP) measured during 100 OLTs performed in 99 recipients, in whom the HA was considered suitable for the anastomosis. A difference of ?5 mmHg between the radial and hepatic MAP was arbitrarily chosen as the criterion for inflow modulation. Seven patients fulfilled this criterion showing a MAP gradient that was significantly different compared to the others (-10.8±3.3 vs. 2.6±5.0; p<0.0001). They underwent splenic artery ligation (n=5), arcuate ligament division (n=1) and aortohepatic bypass grafting (n=1) that all resulted in immediate normalization of the arterial inflow pressure to the graft. The splenic artery "steal" syndrome occurred in one patient (day 2 after OLT) in whom the mean HA pressure normalized during OLT following arcuate ligament division, suggesting pathology within the graft as the most likely etiology. Our results indicate that radial MAP can reflect the hepatic MAP during OLT. If a substantial pressure gradient is found, it can be corrected by intraoperative splenic artery ligation or arcuate ligament division. PMID:21554400

Wojcicki, Maciej; Pakosz-Golanowska, Monika; Lubikowski, Jerzy; Post, Mariola; Jarosz, Konrad; Milkiewicz, Piotr

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Increasing arterial blood pressure with norepinephrine does not improve microcirculatory blood flow: a prospective study  

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Introduction Our goal was to assess the effects of titration of a norepinephrine infusion to increasing levels of mean arterial pressure (MAP) on sublingual microcirculation. Methods Twenty septic shock patients were prospectively studied in two teaching intensive care units. The patients were mechanically ventilated and required norepinephrine to maintain a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 65 mmHg. We measured systemic hemodynamics, oxygen transport and consumption (DO2 and VO2), lactate, alb...

Dubin, A.; Pozo, M. O.; Casabella, C. A.; Murias, G.; Moseinco, M. C.; Kanoore Edul, V. S.; Pa?lizas, F.; Estenssoro, E.; Ince, C.

2009-01-01

262

Non-invasive assessment of pulmonary arterial pressure in healthy neonates.  

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Doppler echocardiograms were carried out on 51 healthy babies three times during the first 72 hours of life to estimate pulmonary arterial systolic pressure by measuring regurgitant tricuspid jet velocity and applying the Bernoulli equation. Tricuspid regurgitation was detected at some stage in all preterm babies and most of those born at full term. Pulmonary arterial pressure could be measured from peak regurgitant velocity in babies with pansystolic regurgitation. The incidence of pansystol...

Evans, N.; Archer, N.

1991-01-01

263

Pressão diastólica final do ventrículo esquerdo e síndromes coronarianas agudas / Left ventricular end diastolic pressure and acute coronary syndromes / Presión diastólica final del ventrículo izquierdo y síndromes coronarios agudos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese FUNDAMENTO: Há falta de dados sobre o impacto prognóstico da pressão diastólica final do ventrículo esquerdo (PDFVE) sobre as síndromes coronarianas agudas (SCA). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a PDFVE e suas implicações prognósticas em pacientes com SCA. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, longitudinal e contínuo de 1 [...] .329 pacientes com SCA de um único centro, realizado entre 2004 e 2006. A função diastólica foi determinada através da PDFVE. A população foi dividida em dois grupos: Grupo A - PDFVE Abstract in spanish FUNDAMENTO: Hay falta de datos sobre el impacto pronóstico de la presión diastólica final del ventrículo izquierdo (PDFVI) sobre los síndromes coronarios agudos (SCA). OBJETIVO: Evaluar la PDFVI y sus implicaciones pronósticas en pacientes con SCA. MÉTODOS: Estudio prospectivo, longitudinal y contin [...] uo de 1.329 pacientes con SCA de un único centro, realizado entre 2004 y 2006. La función diastólica fue determinada a través de la PDFVI. La población fue dividida en dos grupos: Grupo A - PDFVI Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Data is lacking in the literature regarding the prognostic impact of left ventricular-end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) across acute coronary syndromes (ACS). OBJECTIVE: To assess LVEDP and its prognostic implications in ACS patients. METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal and continuous study [...] of 1329 ACS patients from a single center between 2004 and 2006. Diastolic function was determined by LVEDP. Population was divided in two groups: A - LVEDP

Teixeira, Rogério; Lourenço, Carolina; Baptista, Rui; Jorge, Elisabete; Mendes, Paulo; Saraiva, Fátima; Monteiro, Silvia; Gonçalves, Francisco; Monteiro, Pedro; Ferreira, Maria J.; Freitas, Mário; Providência, Luís.

264

Tezosentan decreases pulmonary artery pressure and improves survival rate in an animal model of meconium aspiration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Acute pulmonary arterial hypertension in acute lung injury aggravates the clinical course and complicates treatment. Increased release and turnover of endogenous endothelin-1 is known to be a major determinant in the pathophysiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension of various etiologies. We tested whether intravenous tezosentan, a dual endothelin receptor antagonist, reduced pulmonary artery pressure in a pig model of acute lung injury induced by meconium aspiration. Acute pulmonary arterial hypertension was induced in 12 anesthetized and instrumented pigs by instillation of human pooled meconium in a 20% solution. Hemodynamic and gas exchange parameters were recorded every 30 min. Six animals received tezosentan 5 mg/kg after 0 and 90 min; six animals served as controls. Tezosentan led to a decrease of mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) from 33.4 +/- 4.0 mm Hg to 24.7 +/- 2.1 mm Hg and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) from 7.8 +/- 1.4 mm Hg.L(-1).min.m2 to 5.2 +/- 0.7 mm Hg.L(-1).min.m2. All animals treated with tezosentan survived, whereas in the control group four out of six animals died. Tezosentan improved survival and decreased pulmonary artery pressure in a porcine model of acute pulmonary arterial hypertension after meconium aspiration. Tezosentan has the potential for effective pharmacological treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension following acute lung injury. PMID:16327003

Geiger, Ralf; Pajk, Werner; Neu, Nikolaus; Maier, Stephan; Kleinsasser, Axel; Fratz, Sohrab; Navarro-Psiha, Salvador; Fischer, Viktoria; Treml, Benedikt; Loeckinger, Alexander

2006-01-01

265

Response of blood pressure after percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty and stenting  

Science.gov (United States)

AIM: To evaluate the short and intermediate term outcome of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty (PTRA) and stenting particularly on blood pressure (BP) control and renal function and to evaluate predictors of poor BP response after successful PTRA and stenting. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of all patients who underwent PTRA and stenting in our institute between August 2010 to September 2012. A total number of 86 patients were underwent PTRA and renal stenting. Selective angiography was done to confirm at least 70% angiographic stenosis. The predilatation done except few cases with critical stenosis, direct stenting was done in the rest of cases. All patients received aspirin 325 mg orally, and clopidogrel 300 mg orally within 24 h before the procedure. Heparin was used as the procedural anticoagulant agent. Optimal results with TIMI-III flow obtained in all cases. Following stent placement, aspirin 150 mg orally once daily was continued for a minimum of 12 mo and clopidogrel 75 mg orally once daily for at least 4 wk. The clinical, radiological, electrocardiography, echocardiography and treatment data of all patients were recorded. The BP measurement, serum creatinine and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were recorded before the procedure and 1 and 6 mo after PTRA. RESULTS: A total of 86 patients were included in the study. The mean age of study population was 55.87 ± 11.85 years old and 67 (77.9%) of patients were male. There was a significant reduction in both systolic and diastolic BP at 1 mo after the procedure: 170.15 ± 20.10 mmHg vs 146.60 ± 17.32 mmHg and 98.38 ± 10.55 mmHg vs 89.88 ± 9.22 mmHg respectively (P = 0.0000). The reduction in BP was constant throughout the follow-up period and was evident 6 mo after the procedure: 144.23 ± 18.19 and 88.26 ± 9.79 mmHg respectively (P = 0.0000). However, no improvement in renal function was observed at any time during the follow-up period. After multivariate analysis, we found male sex, low GFR (< 60 mL/min) and higher baseline mean BP as a poor predictors of successful outcome on BP response after PTRA and stenting. CONCLUSION: The PTRA and stenting can be considered as an effective therapeutic intervention for improving BP control with minimal effect on renal function. The male sex, higher baseline BP and low GFR are associated with poor BP response after successful PTRA and stenting.

Prajapati, Jayesh S; Jain, Sharad R; Joshi, Hasit; Shah, Shaurin; Sharma, Kamal; Sahoo, Sibasis; Virparia, Kapil; Thakkar, Ashok

2013-01-01

266

Effects of hypercapnia and arterial hypotension and hypertension on cerebrospinal fluid pulse pressure and intracranial volume-pressure relationships.  

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In twelve anaesthetised, ventilated dogs the effects of hypercapnia and pharmacologically induced arterial hypotension and hypertension on the interrelation between volume-pressure response (VPR) and cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) pulse pressure were studied during continuous inflation of a supratentorial extradural balloon. Hypercapnia did not significantly affect the intracranial volume-pressure relationships, but did cause a significant increase in gradient of the relationship between CSF puls...

1980-01-01

267

Construcción y validación clínica de un prototipo para el registro continuo de la presión arterial de forma no invasiva y ambulatoria / Construction and clinical validation of an automated measuring device for continuous non-invasive ambulatory blood pressure measurement  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: la monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial con equipos biomédicos, es un método útil y confiable para el diagnóstico de la hipertensión arterial. El propósito del estudio fue validar un nuevo equipo de monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial de 24 horas (MAPA-FCV) d [...] e bajo costo, producido en la Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia. Métodos: el estudio se desarrolló de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de la Sociedad Americana para el Avance de la Instrumentación Médica (AAMI, por sus siglas en Inglés) y la Sociedad Británica de Hipertensión (BHS) para validación de equipos de monitorización de presión arterial. Se incluyeron 85 sujetos sanos, en quienes, una persona previamente entrenada, obtuvo tres medidas simultáneas de presión arterial (cada 10 minutos) y se compararon con las que se obtuvieron con el equipo MAPA-FCV. Resultados: los sujetos presentaron una presión arterial sistólica de 115 ± 15 mm Hg y diastólica de 71 ± 8 mm Hg. Se encontró una diferencia media de 0,63 ± 5,94 mm Hg en la presión arterial sistólica y de 0,17 ± 5,08 mm Hg en la diastólica entre el equipo y el observador entrenado. Así mismo, se observó que más de 93% de las mediciones simultáneas de presión arterial, presentaron una diferencia menor a 10 mm Hg. Conclusiones: en el estudio el monitor MAPA-FCV alcanzó altos grados de concordancia con los valores de presión arterial que obtuvo el personal capacitado; adicionalmente el equipo cumplió con los criterios de validación de la AAMI y BHS, lo que hace posible su recomendación para uso clínico en población adulta. Abstract in english Introduction: ambulatory arterial pressure monitoring with biomedical devices is a useful and reliable method to diagnose hypertension. The aim of this study was to validate a new low cost Holter blood pressure monitor (MAPA-FCV) produced at the Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia. Methods: the stu [...] dy was developed according to the guidelines for validation of automated blood pressure measuring devices of the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) and the British Hypertension Society (BHS). Three blood pressure measurements were taken in 85 healthy subjects in a 30 minutes period (every 10 minutes). Measurements were taken by one observer trained to measure blood pressure with a mercury column device, and were compared with those obtained with the automatic device. Results: mean systolic blood pressure obtained in the subjects was 115 ± 15 mmHg, and mean diastolic blood pressure was 71 ± 8 mmHg. The mean and standard deviation of the differences between the measurements obtained by the observer and those obtained with the automatic device were 0.63 ± 5.94 mmHg for systolic pressure and 0.17 ± 5.08 mmHg for diastolic pressure. In addition, about 93% of the differences between the ascultatory and MAPA-FCV were within 10 mmHg. Conclusions: in the present study a close agreement between systolic and diastolic pressure measurements obtained by the auscultatory method and the MAPA-FCV device was found. The data obtained show that the MAPA-FCV can be recommended for clinical use according to the guidelines of international entities.

Ángel M, Chaves; Ronald G, García; Wilson, Gamboa; Leonardo, Rodríguez; Isabel C, Arenas; Hernán, Villa-Roel; Víctor R, Castillo.

268

Construcción y validación clínica de un prototipo para el registro continuo de la presión arterial de forma no invasiva y ambulatoria Construction and clinical validation of an automated measuring device for continuous non-invasive ambulatory blood pressure measurement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: la monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial con equipos biomédicos, es un método útil y confiable para el diagnóstico de la hipertensión arterial. El propósito del estudio fue validar un nuevo equipo de monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial de 24 horas (MAPA-FCV de bajo costo, producido en la Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia. Métodos: el estudio se desarrolló de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de la Sociedad Americana para el Avance de la Instrumentación Médica (AAMI, por sus siglas en Inglés y la Sociedad Británica de Hipertensión (BHS para validación de equipos de monitorización de presión arterial. Se incluyeron 85 sujetos sanos, en quienes, una persona previamente entrenada, obtuvo tres medidas simultáneas de presión arterial (cada 10 minutos y se compararon con las que se obtuvieron con el equipo MAPA-FCV. Resultados: los sujetos presentaron una presión arterial sistólica de 115 ± 15 mm Hg y diastólica de 71 ± 8 mm Hg. Se encontró una diferencia media de 0,63 ± 5,94 mm Hg en la presión arterial sistólica y de 0,17 ± 5,08 mm Hg en la diastólica entre el equipo y el observador entrenado. Así mismo, se observó que más de 93% de las mediciones simultáneas de presión arterial, presentaron una diferencia menor a 10 mm Hg. Conclusiones: en el estudio el monitor MAPA-FCV alcanzó altos grados de concordancia con los valores de presión arterial que obtuvo el personal capacitado; adicionalmente el equipo cumplió con los criterios de validación de la AAMI y BHS, lo que hace posible su recomendación para uso clínico en población adulta.Introduction: ambulatory arterial pressure monitoring with biomedical devices is a useful and reliable method to diagnose hypertension. The aim of this study was to validate a new low cost Holter blood pressure monitor (MAPA-FCV produced at the Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia. Methods: the study was developed according to the guidelines for validation of automated blood pressure measuring devices of the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI and the British Hypertension Society (BHS. Three blood pressure measurements were taken in 85 healthy subjects in a 30 minutes period (every 10 minutes. Measurements were taken by one observer trained to measure blood pressure with a mercury column device, and were compared with those obtained with the automatic device. Results: mean systolic blood pressure obtained in the subjects was 115 ± 15 mmHg, and mean diastolic blood pressure was 71 ± 8 mmHg. The mean and standard deviation of the differences between the measurements obtained by the observer and those obtained with the automatic device were 0.63 ± 5.94 mmHg for systolic pressure and 0.17 ± 5.08 mmHg for diastolic pressure. In addition, about 93% of the differences between the ascultatory and MAPA-FCV were within 10 mmHg. Conclusions: in the present study a close agreement between systolic and diastolic pressure measurements obtained by the auscultatory method and the MAPA-FCV device was found. The data obtained show that the MAPA-FCV can be recommended for clinical use according to the guidelines of international entities.

Ángel M Chaves

2009-02-01

269

Pressão arterial após programa de exercício físico supervisionado em mulheres idosas hipertensas / Blood pressure after supervised physical exercise program in elderly women with hypertension  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: A população de idosos tem elevado os índices de doenças crônicas como hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) com prevalência em mulheres. Intervenções não farmacológicas, como o exercício físico, são apontadas pela eficácia na diminuição da pressão arterial (PA). OBJETIVO: Verificar a resp [...] osta da pressão arterial de idosas hipertensas nos distintos momentos de um programa de exercício físico supervisionado (PEFS). MÉTODOS: Constituiu-se de um estudo descritivo de corte transversal realizado durante 18 semanas. Participaram 41 mulheres idosas com HAS, em tratamento farmacológico, distribuídas em grupo experimental (GE) (n = 26) que participou da intervenção, e grupo controle (GC) (n = 15), em dois momentos: pré e pós-PEFS. O IMC, a pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) foram avaliados no início e após 18 semanas de PEFS no GE e GC. A comparação intra e intergrupos foi feita com o teste t pareado e ANOVA two way com Kruskal Wallis, com nível de significância de p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The elderly population has increased the levels of chronic diseases such as hypertension (HBP) with prevalence in women. Non-pharmacological interventions, such as exercise, have been indicated by the effectiveness in lowering blood pressure (BP). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the blood pressu [...] re response in elderly hypertensive women in the different moments of a supervised physical exercise program (SPEP). METHODS: It consisted of a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out for 18 weeks. 41 elderly women with hypertension, under pharmacological treatment, distributed in the experimental group (EG) (n=26) which participated in the intervention, and control group (CG) (n=15) in two stages: before and after SPEP. BMI, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were evaluated at baseline and after 18 weeks of SPEP in the EG and CG. The intra and inter comparison was made with the paired t test and two-way ANOVA with Kruskal Wallis test, with a significance level of p

Adriana Ribeiro de O. N. do, Rêgo; André L. M., Gomes; Renato P., Veras; Edmundo de Drummond, A. Júnior; Rodolfo Alkimin, M.N.; Estélio H. M., Dantas.

270

Intra-arterial Infusion of Leptin does not Affect Blood Pressure in Salt-loaded Rabbits  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this research is to see the effect of intra-arterial infusion of leptin on blood pressure of salt loaded rabbits in vivo. Increased blood pressure was produced in rabbits by giving diets containing 8% sodium chloride for 5 weeks. Leptin in different concentrations was infused intra-arterially into rabbits fed on high salt diets and the response was compared in rabbits fed with low salt diets. High salt diets produced significant increase in blood pressure. In rabbits fed with low salt diet, leptin infused intra-arterially caused an increase in blood pressure while infusion of leptin into rabbits fed with high salt diets does not affect the blood pressure. In conclusion, salt loading to rabbits abolishes the effect of leptin on cardiovascular system. This may indicate that leptin effect on sympathetic activity is altered by high salt diets in these animals.

Mohammad Nidal Khabaz

2010-01-01

271

Cone pathway function in relation to asymmetric carotid artery stenosis : correlation to blood pressure  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Purpose:  To examine retinal function in relation to retinal perfusion pressure in patients with carotid artery stenosis. Methods:  Thirteen patients with carotid artery stenosis without clinical eye disease underwent assessment of ophthalmic artery systolic blood pressure (OSP) by ocular pneumoplethysmography, carotid artery obstructive disease by ultrasonography, intraocular pressure by applanation tonometry, retinal perfusion by fluorescein angiography and retinal function by multifocal electroretinography (mfERG). Data analysis compared the eye on the most stenotic side with the fellow eye in the same patient. Results:  Ophthalmic systolic pressure was 95.8â??±â??13.1â??mmHg on the side with the highest degree of carotid artery stenosis (mean 94.0%) and 111.7â??±â??10.3â??mmHg in the fellow eyes on the side with the lesser degree of stenosis (mean 33.9%). Summed mfERG implicit times (N1 and P1) were 3.4% and 2.0% longer (pâ??=â??0.013 and 0.021), and N1 and P1 amplitudes were 18.0% and 16.0% (pâ??=â??0.0041 and 0.020) lower in eyes on the side with the higher stenosis compared with the contralateral eyes. Shorter implicit times and higher amplitudes were correlated with higher brachial systolic arterial blood pressure (pâ??=â??0.0028, 0.011, 0.041 for N1, P1, N2 implicit times, respectively, and pâ??=â??0.0086, 0.016, 0.040 for N1, P1, N2 for amplitudes, respectively, corrected for OSP). Conclusion:  Cone function deviation was observed in clinically healthy eyes on the side with highest degree of carotid artery stenosis and was found correlated to arterial blood pressure.

Kofoed, Peter Kristian; Munch, Inger Christine

2013-01-01

272

Effect of topical ketanserin administration on intraocular pressure.  

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The effect of topical ketanserin on intraocular pressure (IOP) in normotensive and hypertensive eyes was evaluated. The study was performed on 10 healthy volunteers and 10 glaucomatous patients. Systolic arterial blood pressure (SBP), diastolic arterial blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), IOP, tonographic outflow facility, pupil diameter, corneal thickness, and tear secretion were recorded at baseline and at 1 hour intervals for 12 hours after topical administration of 0.5% ketanserin or p...

Costagliola, C.; Iuliano, G.; Rinaldi, M.; Russo, V.; Scibelli, G.; Mastropasqua, L.

1993-01-01

273

Assessment of the changes in blood pressure circadian profile and variability in patients with chronic heart failure and arterial hypertension during combined therapy including ivabradine  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. To assess the changes in blood pressure (BP circadian profile and variability in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF of ischemic etiology and arterial hypertension (HT due to the complex therapy including ivabradine.Material and methods. Patients (n=90 with CHF class II–III NYHA associated with stable angina II-III class and HT were examined. The patients were randomized into 3 groups depending on received drugs: perindopril and ivabradine - group 1; perindopril, bisoprolol and ivabradine - group 2; perindopril and bisoprolol - group 3. The duration of therapy was 6 months. Ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM was assessed at baseline and after treatment.Results. More significant reduction in average 24-hours systolic BP was found in groups 1 and 2 compared to group 3 (?%: -19.4±0,4; -21.1±0.4 and -11.8±0.6, respectively as well as diastolic BP (?%: -10.6±0.6; -12.9±0.4 and -4,3±0.3, respectively and other ABPM indicators. Improvement of BP circadian rhythm was found due to increase in the number of «Dipper» patients (p=0.016. More significant reduction in average daily and night systolic and diastolic BP (p=0.001, as well as daily and night BP variability (p=0.001 was also found in patients of group 2 compared to these of group 1.Conclusion. Moderate antihypertensive effect (in respect of both diastolic and systolic BP was shown when ivabradine was included into the complex therapy of patients with ischemic CHF and HT. The effect was more pronounced when ivabradine was combined with perindopril and bisoprolol. This was accompanied by reduction in high BP daily variability and improvement of the BP circadian rhythm.

M.V. Surovtseva

2012-10-01

274

Strength training reduces arterial blood pressure but not sympathetic neural activity in young normotensive subjects  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of resistance training on arterial blood pressure and muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) at rest have not been established. Although endurance training is commonly recommended to lower arterial blood pressure, it is not known whether similar adaptations occur with resistance training. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that whole body resistance training reduces arterial blood pressure at rest, with concomitant reductions in MSNA. Twelve young [21 +/- 0.3 (SE) yr] subjects underwent a program of whole body resistance training 3 days/wk for 8 wk. Resting arterial blood pressure (n = 12; automated sphygmomanometer) and MSNA (n = 8; peroneal nerve microneurography) were measured during a 5-min period of supine rest before and after exercise training. Thirteen additional young (21 +/- 0.8 yr) subjects served as controls. Resistance training significantly increased one-repetition maximum values in all trained muscle groups (P arterial blood pressure but that reductions of pressure are not coupled to resistance exercise-induced decreases of sympathetic tone.

Carter, Jason R.; Ray, Chester A.; Downs, Emily M.; Cooke, William H.

2003-01-01

275

Regular Khat (Catha edulis) chewing is associated with elevated diastolic blood pressure among adults in Butajira, Ethiopia: A comparative study  

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Abstract Background Fresh leaves and buds of the Khat plant (Catha edulis) contain Cathinone, an amphetamine like alkaloid responsible for its pharmacological action. Chewing of Khat has been associated with a transient rise in blood pressure and heart rate in experimental studies. Few studies examined the effect of regular or frequent Khat chewing on blood pressure at the population level. This study was conducted to examine the association of regular Khat chewing w...

Getahun Workineh; Gedif Teferi; Tesfaye Fikru

2010-01-01

276

Arterial blood pressure and blood glucose levels in oral lichen planus patients in Calcutta (India).  

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The Arterial Blood pressure and Blood Glucose levels of 192 patients with Oral Lichen Planus was determined. A control sample of 5000 healthy individuals was also studied for comparison with the oral Lichen Planus cases. No significant difference was found between oral Lichen Planus patients and the general population with respect to Blood pressure and Blood Glucose values.

Chattopadhyay A

1992-01-01

277

Intra-arterial Infusion of Leptin does not Affect Blood Pressure in Salt-loaded Rabbits  

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The aim of this research is to see the effect of intra-arterial infusion of leptin on blood pressure of salt loaded rabbits in vivo. Increased blood pressure was produced in rabbits by giving diets containing 8% sodium chloride for 5 weeks. Leptin in different concentrations was infused intra-arterially into rabbits fed on high salt diets and the response was compared in rabbits fed with low salt diets. High salt diets produced significant increase in blood pressure. In rabbits fed wit...

Mohammad, Mukhallad A.; Khalid Talafih; Mohamad, Mohamad M. J.; Mohammad Nidal Khabaz

2010-01-01

278

Low-pressure pulmonary artery aneurysm presenting with pulmonary embolism: a case series  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Pulmonary artery aneurysm is an uncommon disorder with severe complications. The diagnosis is often difficult, since the clinical manifestations are non-specific and the treatment is controversial, as the natural history of the disease is not completely understood. Case presentation We describe the cases of two patients with pulmonary artery aneurysms. The first patient was a 68-year-old Caucasian man with an idiopathic low-pressure pulmonary artery aneurysm together with a pulmonary embolism. The patient preferred a conservative approach and was stable at the 10-month follow-up visit after being placed on anti-coagulant treatment. The second patient was a 66-year-old Caucasian woman with a low-pressure pulmonary artery aneurysm also presented together with a pulmonary embolism. The aneurysm was secondary to pulmonary valve stenosis. She received anti-coagulants and, after stabilization, underwent percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty. Conclusion Pulmonary embolism may be the initial presentation of a low-pressure pulmonary artery aneurysm. No underlying cause for pulmonary embolism was found in either of our patients, suggesting a causal association with low-pressure pulmonary artery aneurysm.

Papoulidis Pavlos

2011-04-01

279

Percutaneous renal artery stenting reduces arterial blood pressure, but what about renal function? A single-center experience  

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Objective: To assess the effects of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTRA/S) on arterial blood pressure and renal function.Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients undergoing PTRA/S at our institution between December 2003 and September 2006 was done. Follow-up data were derived from hospital records. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR) was used as the marker of renal function. To evaluate the pre- and post-procedure values in individual patients the paired...

2010-01-01

280

Effect of hypertrophy on left ventricular diastolic function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy  

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Background. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by asymmetric LV hypertrophy (LVH) and impairment in diastolic function. We assess the relationship between LVH and invasive indexes of diastolic function. Methods. 21 HCM patients underwent cardiac catheterization to assess pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, LV end-diastolic pressure (measured by microtip catheters), and LV volumes (calculated by simultaneous radionuclide angiography). We calculated from LV pressure the time con...

Quirino Ciampi; Sandro Betocchi; Maria Angela Losi; Raffaella Lombardi; Bruno Villari; Massimo Chiariello

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Effect of hypertrophy on left ventricular diastolic function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy  

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Background. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by asymmetric LV hypertrophy (LVH) and impairment in diastolic function. We assess the relationship between LVH and invasive indexes of diastolic function. Methods. 21 HCM patients underwent cardiac catheterization to assess pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, LV end-diastolic pressure (measured by microtip catheters), and LV volumes (calculated by simultaneous radionuclide angiography). We calculated from LV pressure the time con...

Quirino Ciampi; Sandro Betocchi; Maria Angela Losi; Raffaella Lombardi; Bruno Villari; Massimo Chiariello

2006-01-01

282

Echocardiographic evaluation of the arterial stiffness in healthy subjects and hypertensive patients under 60 years  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We conducted a cross-sectional study that included 83 patients (healthy, n=43; hypertensive, n=40) assisted in the external consultation of the National Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery Institute, from April to October, 2009. We included clinical (age, sex, personal antecedents of smoking habit, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, arterial hypertension) and echocardiographic (diastolic function, arterial stiffness index [?], pressure strain elastic modulus [Ep], arterial compliance, local pulse wave velocity [LPWV]) variables

2011-01-01

283

Test of a novel miniature blood pressure sensor in the coronary arteries of a swine model  

Science.gov (United States)

Fractional flow reserve (FFR) has proven to be very useful in diagnosis of narrowed coronary arteries. It is a technique that is used in coronary catheterization to measure blood pressure difference across a coronary artery stenosis in maximal flow. In-vivo blood pressure measurement is critical in FFR diagnosis. This paper presents a novel miniature all-optical fiber blood pressure sensor. It is based on Fabry-Perot (FP) interferometry principle. The FP cavity was fabricated by directly wet etching the fiber tip. Then, a diaphragm with well-controlled thickness was bonded to the end face of the fiber using the thermal bonding technique. Finally, the sensor was packaged with a bio-compatible and flexible coil for animal tests. A 25-50 kg Yorkshire swine model was introduced as the animal test target. The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was exposed, and beyond the takeoff of the largest diagonal branch, a 3.0 mm vascular occluder was secured. Firstly, standard invasive manometry was used to obtain the blood pressure as baseline. Next, a guiding catheter was introduced into the ostium of the left main coronary artery, and the miniature blood pressure sensor was advanced into the LAD at a point beyond the vascular occlude. The blood pressure beyond the vascular occlude was recorded. The sensor successfully recorded the blood pressure at both near-end and far-end of the vascular occluder.

Wu, Nan; Sun, Kai; Zou, Xiaotian; Barringhaus, Kurt; Wang, Xingwei

2011-05-01

284

Arterial Dysfunction but Maintained Systemic Blood Pressure in Cavin-1-Deficient Mice  

Science.gov (United States)

Caveolae are omega-shaped plasma membrane micro-domains that are abundant in cells of the vascular system. Formation of caveolae depends on caveolin-1 and cavin-1 and lack of either protein leads to loss of caveolae. Mice with caveolin-1 deficiency have dysfunctional blood vessels, but whether absence of cavin-1 similarly leads to vascular dysfunction is not known. Here we addressed this hypothesis using small mesenteric arteries from cavin-1-deficient mice. Cavin-1-reporter staining was intense in mesenteric arteries, brain arterioles and elsewhere in the vascular system, with positive staining of both endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Arterial expression of cavin-1, -2 and -3 was reduced in knockout (KO) arteries as was expression of caveolin-1, -2 and -3. Caveolae were absent in the endothelial and smooth muscle layers of small mesenteric arteries as determined by electron microscopy. Arginase, a negative regulator of nitric oxide production, was elevated in cavin-1 deficient arteries as was contraction in response to the ?1-adrenergic agonist cirazoline. Detailed assessment of vascular dimensions revealed increased media thickness and reduced distensibility, arguing that enhanced contraction was due to increased muscle mass. Contrasting with increased ?1-adrenergic contraction, myogenic tone was essentially absent and this appeared to be due in part to increased nitric oxide production. Vasomotion was less frequent in the knock-out vessels. In keeping with the opposing influences on arterial resistance of increased agonist-induced contractility and reduced myogenic tone, arterial blood pressure was unchanged in vivo. We conclude that deficiency of cavin-1 affects the function of small arteries, but that opposing influences on arterial resistance balance each other such that systemic blood pressure in unstressed mice is well maintained.

Sward, Karl; Albinsson, Sebastian; Rippe, Catarina

2014-01-01

285

Effect of acute intraocular pressure changes on short posterior ciliary artery haemodynamics  

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BACKGROUND/AIMS—Vascular insufficiency due to abnormal autoregulation has been proposed as a major factor in the development of glaucoma. The anterior optic nerve is primarily perfused by the short posterior ciliary arteries. The autoregulatory capacity of these vessels in response to acutely elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) was examined in normal human subjects.?METHODS—Colour Doppler imaging was performed on the short posterior ciliary arteries of 10 normal subjects at baselin...

Joos, K.; Kay, M.; Pillunat, L.; Harris, A.; Gendron, E.; Feuer, W.; Steinwand, B.

1999-01-01

286

The ocular pulse and intraocular pressure as a screening test for carotid artery stenosis.  

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The ocular pulse and applanation tension were measured with a recording applanation tonometer in 38 patients suspected of having internal carotid artery stenosis. Abnormalities of the ocular pulse amplitude, intraocular pressure, or combinations of these two measurements were found in 23 (82%) of 28 patients who were subsequently found to have angiographic evidence of 50% or more stenosis of one or both internal carotid arteries. Of 10 patients without angiographic evidence of carotid stenosi...

Perkins, E. S.

1985-01-01

287

Monounsaturated fatty acid, carbohydrate intake, and diabetes status are associated with arterial pulse pressure  

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Abstract Background Diabetes is a global epidemic. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most prevalent consequences of diabetes. Nutrition is considered a modifiable risk factor for CVD, particularly for individuals with diabetes; albeit, there is little consensus on the role of carbohydrates, proteins and fats for arterial health for persons with or without diabetes. In this study, we examined the association of macronutrients with arterial pulse pressure (APP), a surr...

2011-01-01

288

Pressão arterial elevada em adolescentes: prevalência e fatores associados / High blood pressure in adolescents: prevalence and associated factors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivou-se verificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à pressão arterial (PA) elevada em adolescentes de um município Brasileiro. Estudo transversal, conduzido em 653 adolescentes (57,9% do sexo feminino) de 14 a 19 anos de idade, estudantes do ensino médio. A Pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) [...] e a diastólica (PAD) foram mensuradas em todos os sujeitos. Variáveis sociodemográficas, do estilo de vida e índice de massa corporal foram obtidas. Regressão logística binária, bruta e ajustada, foi empregada com nível de significância de 5%. A média da PAS e PAD foi de 111,9 mmHg e 69,9 mmHg, respectivamente. A prevalência de PA elevada foi de 12,4%. Na análise multivariável foi identificado que jovens do sexo masculino (OR: 2,37; IC95%: 1,45-3,90), com escolaridade materna de até oito anos (OR: 1,84; IC95%: 1,03-3,30) e com excesso de peso (OR: 3,79; IC95%: 2,23-6,43), apresentaram maiores chances de PA elevada. O termo de interação entre sexo masculino e excesso de peso representou o subgrupo com maiores chances de PA elevada (OR: 6,41; IC95%: 3,00-13,16). Níveis pressóricos elevados acometem adolescentes da cidade de Ponta Grossa, Paraná, e os grupos com maiores chances de PA elevada foram os do sexo masculino, com escolaridade materna baixa e com excesso de peso. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of high Blood Pressure (BP) among adolescents in a Brazilian city. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 653 adolescents (57.9% female) of high school level between 14 and 19 years of age. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) an [...] d diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of all subjects were measured. Social and demographic variables and lifestyle factors and body mass index were obtained. Binary logistic regression, crude and adjusted, was employed with a significance level of 5%. The mean SBP and DBP were 111.9 mmHg and 69.9 mmHg, respectively. The prevalence of high BP levels was 12.4%. The multivariable analysis revealed that males (OR: 2.37, 95% CI: 1.45, 3.90), adolescents with maternal education

Silva, Diego Augusto Santos; Lima, Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de; Dellagrana, Rodolfo André; Bacil, Eliane Denise Araújo; Rech, Cassiano Ricardo.

289

Pressão arterial elevada em adolescentes: prevalência e fatores associados / High blood pressure in adolescents: prevalence and associated factors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivou-se verificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à pressão arterial (PA) elevada em adolescentes de um município Brasileiro. Estudo transversal, conduzido em 653 adolescentes (57,9% do sexo feminino) de 14 a 19 anos de idade, estudantes do ensino médio. A Pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) [...] e a diastólica (PAD) foram mensuradas em todos os sujeitos. Variáveis sociodemográficas, do estilo de vida e índice de massa corporal foram obtidas. Regressão logística binária, bruta e ajustada, foi empregada com nível de significância de 5%. A média da PAS e PAD foi de 111,9 mmHg e 69,9 mmHg, respectivamente. A prevalência de PA elevada foi de 12,4%. Na análise multivariável foi identificado que jovens do sexo masculino (OR: 2,37; IC95%: 1,45-3,90), com escolaridade materna de até oito anos (OR: 1,84; IC95%: 1,03-3,30) e com excesso de peso (OR: 3,79; IC95%: 2,23-6,43), apresentaram maiores chances de PA elevada. O termo de interação entre sexo masculino e excesso de peso representou o subgrupo com maiores chances de PA elevada (OR: 6,41; IC95%: 3,00-13,16). Níveis pressóricos elevados acometem adolescentes da cidade de Ponta Grossa, Paraná, e os grupos com maiores chances de PA elevada foram os do sexo masculino, com escolaridade materna baixa e com excesso de peso. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of high Blood Pressure (BP) among adolescents in a Brazilian city. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 653 adolescents (57.9% female) of high school level between 14 and 19 years of age. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) an [...] d diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of all subjects were measured. Social and demographic variables and lifestyle factors and body mass index were obtained. Binary logistic regression, crude and adjusted, was employed with a significance level of 5%. The mean SBP and DBP were 111.9 mmHg and 69.9 mmHg, respectively. The prevalence of high BP levels was 12.4%. The multivariable analysis revealed that males (OR: 2.37, 95% CI: 1.45, 3.90), adolescents with maternal education

Silva, Diego Augusto Santos; Lima, Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de; Dellagrana, Rodolfo André; Bacil, Eliane Denise Araújo; Rech, Cassiano Ricardo.

290

Nifedipine for postoperative blood pressure control following coronary artery vein grafts.  

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The drug control of raised blood pressure following coronary artery bypass grafting was studied in 20 patients during the early postoperative period. On a random basis, 10 patients were given intranasal nifedipine and 10 other patients received intranasal saline. If the systolic pressure was raised, it was treated by an infusion of sodium nitroprusside. The systolic pressure abated in those treated with nifedipine so that 7 of the 10 did not require any other treatment in the first hour. The ...

Iyer, V. S.; Russell, W. J.

1986-01-01

291

Sildenafil and diastolic dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction in patients with preserved ejection fraction : the Sildenafil and Diastolic Dysfunction After Acute Myocardial Infarction (SIDAMI) trial  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Diastolic dysfunction is frequently seen after myocardial infarction and is characterized by a disproportionate increase in filling pressure during exercise to maintain stroke volume. We hypothesized that sildenafil would reduce filling pressure during exercise in patients with diastolic dysfunction after myocardial infarction.

Andersen, Mads J; Ersbøll, Mads

2013-01-01

292

Working under pressure: coronary arteries and the endothelin system  

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Endogenous endothelin-1-dependent (ET-1) tone in coronary arteries depends on the balance between ETA and ETB receptor-mediated effects and on parameters such as receptor distribution and endothelial integrity. Numerous studies highlight the striking functional interactions that exist between nitric oxide (NO) and ET-1 in the regulation of vascular tone. Many of the cardiovascular complications associated with cardiovascular risk factors and aging are initially attributable, at least in part,...

Nguyen, Albert; Thorin-trescases, Nathalie; Thorin, Eric

2010-01-01

293

Ranolazine improves diastolic function in spontaneously hypertensive rats.  

Science.gov (United States)

Diastolic dysfunction can lead to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, for which there is no effective therapeutic. Ranolazine has been reported to reduce diastolic dysfunction, but the specific mechanisms of action are unclear. The effect of ranolazine on diastolic function was examined in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), where left ventricular relaxation is impaired and stiffness increased. The objective of this study was to determine whether ranolazine improves diastolic function in SHRs and identify the mechanism(s) by which improvement is achieved. Specifically, to test the hypothesis that ranolazine, by inhibiting late sodium current, reduces Ca(2+) overload and promotes ventricular relaxation and reduction in diastolic stiffness, the effects of ranolazine or vehicle on heart function and the response to dobutamine challenge were evaluated in aged male SHRs and Wistar-Kyoto rats by echocardiography and pressure-volume loop analysis. The effects of ranolazine and the more specific sodium channel inhibitor tetrodotoxin were determined on the late sodium current, sarcomere length, and intracellular calcium in isolated cardiomyocytes. Ranolazine reduced the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship slope and improved diastolic function during dobutamine challenge in the SHR. Ranolazine and tetrodotoxin also enhanced cardiomyocyte relaxation and reduced myoplasmic free Ca(2+) during diastole at high-stimulus rates in the SHR. The density of the late sodium current was elevated in SHRs. In conclusion, ranolazine was effective in reducing diastolic dysfunction in the SHR. Its mechanism of action, at least in part, is consistent with inhibition of the increased late sodium current in the SHR leading to reduced Ca(2+) overload. PMID:24464752

Williams, Sarah; Pourrier, Marc; McAfee, Donald; Lin, Shunping; Fedida, David

2014-03-01

294

Variação da Pressão Arterial em Usuárias de Terapia de Reposição Hormonal / Variation of Blood Pressure in Users of Hormone Replacement Therapy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos da terapia de reposição hormonal sobre a pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica de mulheres na pós-menopausa. Casuística e Métodos: foram avaliadas retrospectivamente 166 usuárias e 136 não-usuárias de reposição hormonal, acompanhadas no Ambulatório de Menopausa do Cent [...] ro de Atenção Integral à Saúde da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas por um período de três anos. Avaliamos a variação desses parâmetros em relação aos valores iniciais. A análise dos dados foi realizada usando-se o teste t de Student, o Teste de Mann-Whitney e o teste não-paramétrico de Wilcoxon. Resultados: observou-se que a pressão arterial sistólica das usuárias de terapia de reposição hormonal foi menor ao final do terceiro ano de uso quando comparada com os valores iniciais (p = 0,01). Não houve diferença significativa na pressão arterial diastólica entre as usuárias e as não-usuárias. Conclusão: a terapia de reposição hormonal não produziu alterações nos parâmetros estudados em mulheres adequadamente acompanhadas durante o seu uso. Abstract in english Purpose: to evaluate the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on the systolic and diastolic blood pressure of postmenopausal women. Methods: a total of 166 users and 136 non-users of hormone replacement were evaluated retrospectively during a period of three years. All women were assisted at [...] the Menopause Outpatient Clinic of CAISM -- Unicamp, where the variations of these parameters were evaluated at the end of each year in relation to the initial parameters. The data analysis was performed through Student's t test, Mann-Whitney test, and the Wilcoxon nonparametric test. Results: we observed that the systolic blood pressure of HRT users was statistically lower at the end of the third year of use, compared to the initial values (p = 0.01). There was no significant difference in the diastolic blood pressure between users and non-users. Conclusion: hormone replacement therapy did not produce changes in the parameters studied in women properly assisted during the use of HRT.

José Alaércio de Toledo, Lima-Junior; Aarão Mendes, Pinto-Neto; Lúcia Helena Simões, Costa-Paiva; Adriana Orcesi, Pedro.

295

Dietary sodium and arterial blood pressure: evidence against genetic susceptibility.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Thirty five subjects with both parents in the top third of their age specific blood pressure distributions and 31 subjects with both parents in the bottom third of their blood pressure distributions restricted their intake of sodium for eight weeks while taking part in a double blind, randomised crossover trial of supplements of sodium and placebo. A comparison of two periods of four weeks at different intakes of sodium showed no differences in blood pressure in either the groups as a whole o...

Watt, G. C.; Foy, C. J.; Hart, J. T.; Bingham, G.; Edwards, C.; Hart, M.; Thomas, E.; Walton, P.

1985-01-01

296

Ambulatory arterial stiffness indices and target organ damage in hypertension  

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Abstract Background The present study was designed to evaluate which arterial stiffness parameter - AASI or the home arterial stiffness index (HASI) - correlates best with vascular, cardiac and renal damage in hypertensive individuals. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 258 hypertensive patients. AASI and HASI were defined as the 1-regression slope of diastolic over systolic blood pressure readings obtained from 24-hour recordings and home...

Gómez-Marcos Manuel; Recio-Rodríguez José; Patino-Alonso Ma; Gómez-Sánchez Leticia; Agudo-Conde Cristina; Gómez-Sánchez Marta; Rodríguez-Sánchez Emiliano; García-Ortiz Luís

2012-01-01

297

Echocardiographic evaluation and comparison of the effects of isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane on left ventricular relaxation indices in patients with diastolic dysfunction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This prospective randomized study aims to evaluate and compare the effects of isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane (study drugs on left ventricular (LV diastolic function in patients with impaired LV relaxation due to ischemic heart disease using transesophageal Doppler echocardiography. After approval of the local ethics committee and informed consent, 45 patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery were enrolled in the study. Patients were selected by a preoperative Transthoracic Echocardiographic diagnosis of impaired relaxation or Grade 1 Diastolic Dysfunction. They randomly received fentanyl and midazolam anesthesia with 1 MAC of isoflurane (n=16, sevoflurane (n=14 or desflurane (n=15. Hemodynamic parameters and TEE derived ventricular diastolic relaxation indices before and after the study drug administration were compared. LV filling pressures were kept constant throughout the study period to exclude the effect of the loading conditions on diastolic function. Four patients in the sevoflurane group and three in the desflurane group were excluded from the study, after baseline TEE examination revealed normal diastolic filling pattern. All the three study drugs significantly reduced the systemic vascular resistance index with a significant increase in cardiac index. Mean arterial pressure was reduced by all the drugs, although the decrease was not statistically significant. Hemodynamic changes were comparable between all the three groups. In terms of LV relaxation indices, all three agents led to a significant improvement in diastolic function. Transmitral and Tissue Doppler E/A and Em/Am ratios improved significantly Transmitral and Tissue Doppler E/A and Em/Am ratios improved significantly accompanied by a significant decrease in deceleration time and isovolumetric relaxation time. The effect of all three agents on diastolic relaxation parameters was comparable. In conclusion , Isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane, do not appear to have a detrimental effect in patients with early diastolic dysfunction. On the contrary, these inhalational agents actually improve the LV relaxation. A significant reduction in afterload produced by these vapors can be a possible reason for these findings. The positive effect of these inhalational agents on LV relaxation can have a profound effect on the perioperative anesthetic management of patients with diastolic dysfunction.

Sarkar Subhendu

2010-01-01

298

Circuit for detecting initial systole and dicrotic notch. [for monitoring arterial pressure  

Science.gov (United States)

Circuitry is disclosed for processing an arterial pressure waveform to produce during any one cycle a pulse corresponding to the initial systole and a pulse corresponding to the dicrotic notch. In a first channel, an electrical analog of the arterial pressure waveform is filtered and then compared to the original waveform to produce an initial systole signal. In a second channel, the analog is differentiated, filtered, and fed through a gate controlled by pulses from the first channel to produce an electrical pulse corresponding to the dicrotic notch.

Gebben, V. D.; Webb, J. A., Jr. (inventors)

1974-01-01

299

Fatores preditores para o óbito neonatal em gestações com diástole zero ou reversa na doplervelocimetria da artéria umbilical / Predictor parameters of neonatal death in gestations with absent or reverse end-diastolic flow in the umbilical artery doppler velocimetry  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar os fatores de risco antenatais e pós-natais para o óbito neonatal em gestações com diástole zero (DZ) ou reversa (DR) na doplervelocimetria da artéria umbilical. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal, retrospectivo, inferencial, a partir de 48 prontuários de gestações únicas com DZ ou DR, id [...] ade gestacional entre 24 e 34 semanas, em uma maternidade no Nordeste do Brasil. A média de idade foi de 27,3 anos (DP: 7,9). Vinte (41,7%) eram primigestas. Síndromes hipertensivas foram observadas em 44 (91,7%) casos. Trinta e cinco (72,9%) apresentavam DZ e 13 (27,1%) DR. Procedeu-se inicialmente à análise univariada (teste t de Student e teste Exato de Fisher), relacionando os parâmetros com o desfecho avaliado (óbito neonatal). As variáveis que apresentaram associação significativa foram incluídas no modelo de regressão logística (Estatística de Wald). O nível de significância utilizado foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: a mortalidade perinatal foi de 64,6% (31/48). Ocorreram cinco óbitos fetais e 26 neonatais. A média de idade gestacional no momento do diagnóstico foi de 27,9 (DP: 2,8) semanas. A resolução da gestação antes de 24 horas após o diagnóstico ocorreu em 52,1% dos casos. Parto abdominal foi realizado em 85,4% dos casos. Os recém-nascidos pesaram em média 975,9 g (DP: 457,5). Vinte e quatro (57,1%) apresentaram Apgar menor que 7 no primeiro minuto e 21,4%, no quinto. A idade gestacional no momento do diagnóstico, o peso ao nascer e o Apgar de primeiro minuto revelaram-se variáveis significativamente relacionadas com o óbito neonatal (valores de p foram, respectivamente, 0,008; 0,004 e 0,020). As razões de chance foi de 6,6; 25,3 e 13,8 para o óbito neonatal, quando o diagnóstico foi estabelecido até a 28ª semana, peso Abstract in english PURPOSE: to evaluate the antenatal and postnatal risk factors of neonatal death in pregnancies with absent (DZ) or reverse (DR) end-diastolic flow in the umbilical artery. METHODS: a cross-sectional retrospective study based on data from 48 medical records of singleton pregnancies with DZ or DR, and [...] gestational age of 24 to 34 weeks, at a maternity in the Brazilian Northeast. Mean age was 27.3 (SD: 7.9) years. Twenty (41.7%) patients were primiparas. Hypertensive disorders were found in 44 (91.7%) cases. Thirty-five women (72.9%) had DZ and 13 (27.1%) had DR. Univariate analysis was firstly done (Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test) correlating the parameters with the assessed outcome (neonatal death). Variables that showed significant association were included in the logistic regression model (Wald statistics). The level of significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: The perinatal mortality rate was 64.6% (31/48). There were five stillbirths and 26 neonatal deaths. The mean gestational age at diagnosis was 27.9 (SD: 2.8) weeks. Deliveries before 24 hours after diagnosis occurred in 52.1% of the cases. Cesarean section was performed in 85.4% of the sample. The newborns weighed 975.9 g on average (SD: 457.5). Twenty-four (57.1%) presented Apgar scores below 7 in the first minute and 21.4% in the fifth minute. Gestational age at diagnosis, birth weight and Apgar of the first minute proved to be variables significantly related to neonatal death (p values were: 0.008, 0.004, and 0.020, respectively). The Odds Ratio was 6.6, 25.3 and 13.8 for neonatal death, when the diagnosis was established at the 28th week, weight was

Martins Neto, Manoel; Carvalho, Francisco Herlânio Costa; Mota, Rosa Maria Salani; Alencar Júnior, Carlos Augusto.

300

Use of paravascular admittance waveforms to monitor relative change in arterial blood pressure  

Science.gov (United States)

Non-invasive methods to monitor ambulatory blood pressure often have limitations that can affect measurement accuracy and patient adherence [1]. Minimally invasive measurement of a relative blood pressure surrogate with an implantable device may provide a useful chronic diagnostic and monitoring tool. We assessed a technique that uses electrocardiogram and paravascular admittance waveform morphology analysis to one, measure a time duration (vascular tone index, VTI in milliseconds) change from the electrocardiogram R-wave to admittance waveform peak and two, measure the admittance waveform minimum, maximum and magnitude as indicators of change in arterial compliance/distensibility or pulse pressure secondary to change in afterload. Methods: Five anesthetized domestic pigs (32 ± 4.2 kg) were used to study the effects of phenylephrine (1-5 ug/kg/min) on femoral artery pressure and admittance waveform morphology measured with a quadrapolar electrode array catheter placed next to the femoral artery to assess the relative change in arterial compliance due to change in peripheral vascular tone. Results: Statistical difference was observed (p < 0.05) comparing baseline VTI to phenylephrine VTI (246 ± .05 ms to 320 ± .07 ms) and baseline admittance waveform maximum to phenylephrine admittance waveform maximum (0.0148 ± .002 siemens to 0.0151 ± .002 siemens). Conclusion: Chronic minimally invasive admittance measurement techniques that monitor relative change in blood pressure may be suitable for implantable devices to detect progression of cardiovascular disease such as hypertension.

Zielinski, Todd M.; Hettrick, Doug; Cho, Yong

2010-04-01

 
 
 
 
301

Estudio del patrón circadiano de la presión arterial en pacientes hipertensos / Study of the circadian blood pressure profile in patient with arterial hypertension  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En pacientes hipertensos además de reducir la presión arterial, debemos plantearnos el patrón circadiano que presenta el paciente, dado que los pacientes no depresores (no descenso de presión arterial durante la noche con respecto al día) (non-dipper) se asocian a un peor pronóstico cardiovascular. [...] El propósito de este estudio fue determinar el patrón circadiano de presión arterial en pacientes hipertensos tratados y no tratados y su relación con la afectación orgánica. Se incluyeron en el estudio a 702 pacientes con indicación clínica para monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial de 24 horas. El 39% fue dipper, 2% dipper extremo, 49,6% non-dipper y 9,4% riser. Los pacientes non dipper tenían mayores niveles de presión arterial sistólica de 24 horas, nocturna y mayor repercusión orgánica. Los factores principales asociados a este patrón fue la presión arterial sistólica clínica, obesidad y sobretodo un filtrado glomerular menor a 60 ml/min. Abstract in english In arterial hypertension besides reducing blood pressure, we should think about the circadian pressure profile that the patient presents, since the patients non depressors (not descent of arterial pressure during the night with regard to the day) (non-dipper) they associate to a worse cardiovascular [...] prognosis. The purpose of the present study was to determine the circadian pressure profile in patient treated arterial hypertension and never previously treated with antihypertensive medication; and its relationship with the organic damage. They were included in the study to 702 patients with clinical indication for 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The 39% was dipper, 2% extreme dipper, 49.6% non-dipper and 9.4% riser. The patient non dipper had bigger levels of 24 hours systolic blood pressure, night blood pressure and bigger organic damage. The main factors associated to this pattern were the clinic systolic blood pressure, obesity and overalls a filtrate smaller glomerular to 60 ml/min.

J. D., Mediavilla García; C., Fernández-Torres; A., Arroyo; J., Jiménez-Alonso.

302

ORIGINAL PAPER Pulmonary artery pressure in association with serum parathormone in maintenance hemodialysis patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: There are several potential explanations for the development of PH in patients with stable hemodialysis patients. Hormonal and metabolic derangement associated with end-stage renal failure might lead to pulmonary arterial vasoconstriction and an increase of the pulmonary vascular resistance. The aim of this study was to consider the association of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP with serum parathormone in end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients under regular hemodialysis treatment. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis treatment through an arteriovenous fistula which was created on the hand, and with acetate basis dialysate and polysulfone membranes. For all patients serum intact parathormone (iPTH was measured. For assessment of pulmonary artery pressure, all patients were subjected to two-dimensional and doppler echocardiographic studies that were done for the patients after their hemodialysis sessions. Results: The study comprised 102 patients (F=46, M=56 consisting of 73 non diabetic hemodialysis patients (F=33, M=40, and 29 diabetic hemodialysis patients (F=13, M=16. The duration of hemodialysis was 17.8±29 months. The mean ±SD of serum iPTH of total patients was 338±306 pg/ml. The mean ±SD of pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PAP was 41.5±12.6 mmHg. A significant positive correlation of PAP with the dosage (r=0.36, p=0.001 and duration of hemodialysis (r=0.35, p<0.001 was seen, also a significant positive correlation of pulmonary artery systolic pressure with serum intact parathormone (iPTH in hemodialysis patients was found. Conclusions: A significant positive correlation of serum intact parathormone with pulmonary artery pressure, which is a new aspect of uncontrolled secondary hyperparathyroidism implies the need for a better control of poorly controlled hyperparathyroidism disease in hemodialysis patients.

Hamid Nasri

2006-03-01

303

Development of a tonometric sensor for measurement and recording of arterial pressure waveform.  

Science.gov (United States)

There are many techniques and devices for measurement and recording of arterial blood pressure. Some of them allow (enable) additionally to observe the shape of a wave of arterial pressure, which can be regarded as one of the most important diagnostic parameters of human cardiovascular system. This paper presents a novel design and prototype of a new, non-invasive blood waveform measuring device. It expounds theoretical and experimental (including latest preliminary clinical) results obtained during several years of extensive investigations into blood pressure waveform measuring and monitoring problem. According to investigations performed in the laboratory and preliminary clinical evaluation, the sensor has linear steady-state characteristics and satisfactory dynamic properties. It is an efficient and accurate tool for blood pressure waveform monitoring and assessing the cardiovascular condition of the patients. The novelty of this solution is that the device is equipped with a pneumatic pressure sensor based on the pneumatic nozzle flapper amplifier principle with negative feedback. Due to such a technical solution, the device does not require any cuff, which remains an essential component of the majority of contemporary non-invasive blood pressure measurement devices; therefore, it can be used on the artery where the application of a cuff would be impossible (e.g., carotid artery). This advantage makes possible to obtain an accurate shape of blood pressure waveform with high fidelity, comparable to a direct measurement method. Moreover, during the measurement the device converts directly "pressure into pressure." Such a principle of operation makes possible to eliminate additional calibration (at the current stage of research we have eliminated the necessity of calibration in laboratory conditions). PMID:24089854

Tomczuk, K; Werszko, M; Sasiadek, J Z; Kosek, J; Berny, W; Weiser, A; Feder-Kubis, J

2013-09-01

304

Development of a tonometric sensor for measurement and recording of arterial pressure waveform  

Science.gov (United States)

There are many techniques and devices for measurement and recording of arterial blood pressure. Some of them allow (enable) additionally to observe the shape of a wave of arterial pressure, which can be regarded as one of the most important diagnostic parameters of human cardiovascular system. This paper presents a novel design and prototype of a new, non-invasive blood waveform measuring device. It expounds theoretical and experimental (including latest preliminary clinical) results obtained during several years of extensive investigations into blood pressure waveform measuring and monitoring problem. According to investigations performed in the laboratory and preliminary clinical evaluation, the sensor has linear steady-state characteristics and satisfactory dynamic properties. It is an efficient and accurate tool for blood pressure waveform monitoring and assessing the cardiovascular condition of the patients. The novelty of this solution is that the device is equipped with a pneumatic pressure sensor based on the pneumatic nozzle flapper amplifier principle with negative feedback. Due to such a technical solution, the device does not require any cuff, which remains an essential component of the majority of contemporary non-invasive blood pressure measurement devices; therefore, it can be used on the artery where the application of a cuff would be impossible (e.g., carotid artery). This advantage makes possible to obtain an accurate shape of blood pressure waveform with high fidelity, comparable to a direct measurement method. Moreover, during the measurement the device converts directly ``pressure into pressure.'' Such a principle of operation makes possible to eliminate additional calibration (at the current stage of research we have eliminated the necessity of calibration in laboratory conditions).

Tomczuk, K.; Werszko, M.; Sasiadek, J. Z.; Kosek, J.; Berny, W.; Weiser, A.; Feder-Kubis, J.

2013-09-01

305

Neural reflex regulation of arterial pressure in pathophysiological conditions: interplay among the baroreflex, the cardiopulmonary reflexes and the chemoreflex  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The maintenance of arterial pressure at levels adequate to perfuse the tissues is a basic requirement for the constancy of the internal environment and survival. The objective of the present review was to provide information about the basic reflex mechanisms that are responsible for the moment-to-moment regulation of the cardiovascular system. We demonstrate that this control is largely provided by the action of arterial and non-arterial reflexes that detect and correct changes in arterial pr...

Vasquez, E. C.; Meyrelles, S. S.; Mauad, H.; Cabral, A. M.

1997-01-01

306

The application of uterine and umbilical artery velocimetry to the antenatal supervision of pregnancies complicated by maternal sickle hemoglobinopathies.  

Science.gov (United States)

To assess the efficacy of Doppler flow velocimetry in predicting fetal compromise and neonatal outcome in pregnant women with sickle cell hemoglobinopathies, a prospective study was conducted of 96 patients, 48 with sickle cell hemoglobinopathy (8 with SS and 40 with AS hemoglobin) and 48 low-risk AA hemoglobin controls. All subjects were followed biweekly from the third trimester of pregnancy through delivery with uterine and umbilical artery velocimetry, nonstress, tests, and hematocrit and blood pressure measurements. An abnormal systolic/diastolic ratio was defined as a value greater than or equal to 3. The incidence of abnormal systolic/diastolic ratios for uterine or umbilical arteries was significantly higher in pregnant women with SS hemoglobin (88%) when compared with patients with AS (7%) and AA (4%) hemoglobin. In addition, the abnormal systolic/diastolic ratios for both umbilical and uterine arteries are correlated with abnormal nonstress test results. The nonstress test results became abnormal on average 3 weeks after the systolic/diastolic ratios did. The presence of abnormal systolic/diastolic ratios for umbilical and uterine arteries is predictive of fetal distress and infants small for gestational age. The high incidence of concordant uterine and umbilical artery abnormal systolic/diastolic ratios in pregnant women with SS hemoglobinopathy, which were identified earlier than were abnormal nonstress results, suggests an important parameter in the monitoring of these high-risk pregnancies. PMID:2971316

Anyaegbunam, A; Langer, O; Brustman, L; Damus, K; Halpert, R; Merkatz, I R

1988-09-01

307

Effects of an exercise program on blood pressure in patients with treated hypertension and chronic Chagas' heart disease Efeitos de um programa de exercícios na pressão arterial de pacientes com hipertensão controlada e cardiopatia chagásica crônica  

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Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Previous studies describe an imbalance of the autonomic nervous system in Chagas' disease causing increased sympathetic activity, which could influence the genesis of hypertension. However, patients undergoing regular physical exercise could counteract this condition, considering that exercise causes physiological responses through autonomic and hemodynamic changes that positively affect the cardiovascular system. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an exercise program on blood pressure in hypertensive patients with chronic Chagas' heart disease. METHODS: We recruited 17 patients to a 24-week regular exercise program and used ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before and after training. We determined the differences in the systolic blood pressure (SBP, diastolic blood pressure (DBP, and mean blood pressure (MBP from the beginning to the end of the study. RESULTS: The blood pressures were evaluated in general and during periods of wakefulness and sleep, respectively: SBP (p = 0.34; 0.23; 0.85, DBP (p = 0.46; 0.44; 0.94 and MBP (p = 0.41; 0.30; 0.97. CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistically significant change in blood pressure after the 24-week exercise program; however, we concluded that physical training is safe for patients with chronic Chagas' disease, with no incidence of increase in blood pressure.INTRODUÇÃO: Estudos prévios descrevem um desequilíbrio do sistema nervoso autônomo na doença de Chagas causando maior atividade simpática, o que poderia influenciar na gênese da hipertensão arterial. No entanto, pacientes submetidos a exercícios físicos regulares poderiam contrapor esta condição, visto que o exercício provoca respostas fisiológicas através de adaptações autonômicas e hemodinâmicas que influenciam positivamente o sistema cardiovascular. O presente estudo se propõe a avaliar os efeitos da reabilitação cardíaca sobre a pressão arterial em pacientes hipertensos com cardiopatia chagásica crônica. MÉTODOS: Foram recrutados 17 pacientes submetidos a um programa regular de exercícios durante 24 semanas, sendo utilizado monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA antes e após o treinamento. Foi descrita a diferença da pressão arterial sistólica (PAS, pressão arterial diastólica (PAD e pressão arterial média (PAM do início ao fim estudo. RESULTADOS: As pressões foram avaliadas de forma geral e nos períodos de vigília e sono, respectivamente: PAS (p=0,34; 0,23; 0,85, PAD (p=0,46; 0,44; 0,94 e PAM (p=0,41; 0,30; 0,97. CONCLUSÕES: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na variação da pressão arterial após o período de reabilitação cardíaca de 24 semanas, no entanto, evidenciamos que o treinamento físico é seguro em pacientes com cardiopatia chagásica crônica, não ocorrendo aumento da pressão arterial.

Claudia Rosa de Oliveira

2012-12-01

308

Effects of an exercise program on blood pressure in patients with treated hypertension and chronic Chagas' heart disease / Efeitos de um programa de exercícios na pressão arterial de pacientes com hipertensão controlada e cardiopatia chagásica crônica  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Estudos prévios descrevem um desequilíbrio do sistema nervoso autônomo na doença de Chagas causando maior atividade simpática, o que poderia influenciar na gênese da hipertensão arterial. No entanto, pacientes submetidos a exercícios físicos regulares poderiam contrapor esta condição, vi [...] sto que o exercício provoca respostas fisiológicas através de adaptações autonômicas e hemodinâmicas que influenciam positivamente o sistema cardiovascular. O presente estudo se propõe a avaliar os efeitos da reabilitação cardíaca sobre a pressão arterial em pacientes hipertensos com cardiopatia chagásica crônica. MÉTODOS: Foram recrutados 17 pacientes submetidos a um programa regular de exercícios durante 24 semanas, sendo utilizado monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA) antes e após o treinamento. Foi descrita a diferença da pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), pressão arterial diastólica (PAD) e pressão arterial média (PAM) do início ao fim estudo. RESULTADOS: As pressões foram avaliadas de forma geral e nos períodos de vigília e sono, respectivamente: PAS (p=0,34; 0,23; 0,85), PAD (p=0,46; 0,44; 0,94) e PAM (p=0,41; 0,30; 0,97). CONCLUSÕES: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na variação da pressão arterial após o período de reabilitação cardíaca de 24 semanas, no entanto, evidenciamos que o treinamento físico é seguro em pacientes com cardiopatia chagásica crônica, não ocorrendo aumento da pressão arterial. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Previous studies describe an imbalance of the autonomic nervous system in Chagas' disease causing increased sympathetic activity, which could influence the genesis of hypertension. However, patients undergoing regular physical exercise could counteract this condition, considering that [...] exercise causes physiological responses through autonomic and hemodynamic changes that positively affect the cardiovascular system. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an exercise program on blood pressure in hypertensive patients with chronic Chagas' heart disease. METHODS: We recruited 17 patients to a 24-week regular exercise program and used ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before and after training. We determined the differences in the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean blood pressure (MBP) from the beginning to the end of the study. RESULTS: The blood pressures were evaluated in general and during periods of wakefulness and sleep, respectively: SBP (p = 0.34; 0.23; 0.85), DBP (p = 0.46; 0.44; 0.94) and MBP (p = 0.41; 0.30; 0.97). CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistically significant change in blood pressure after the 24-week exercise program; however, we concluded that physical training is safe for patients with chronic Chagas' disease, with no incidence of increase in blood pressure.

Oliveira, Claudia Rosa de; Sousa, Andréa Silvestre de; Santos, Bráulio; Fialho, Paloma Hargreaves; Santos, Carla Cristiane Soares dos; Oliveira, Juliana Rega de; Souza, Marcus Vinícius.

309

Relationship between pulmonary artery volumes at computed tomography and pulmonary artery pressures in patients with- and without pulmonary hypertension  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objectives: This study was designed to determine the relationship between pulmonary artery (PA) volumes at computed tomography (CT) and PA pressures at right-sided heart catheterization in patients with and without pulmonary hypertension (PAH) to develop a noninvasive CT method of PA pressure quantification. Materials and methods: Sixteen patients with chronic sleep apnea syndrome underwent contrast enhanced helical CT (slice thickness 3 mm; pitch 2; increment 2 mm) at inspiration. Eight patients had PAH while cardiopulmonary disease has been excluded in eight other patients. Vascular volumes were determined using a 3D technique (threshold seeded vascular tracing algorithm; thresholds -600 H [lower] and 3000 H [upper]). Right-sided heart catheterization measurements were available for linear regression analysis of PA volumes and pressures. Results: Correlation between PA pressures and volumes (normalized for BMI), was high in both groups (without PAH: r = .85; with PAH .90, Pearson). Compared to elevated PA pressures in patients with pulmonary hypertension (p < .005), PA volumes also were significantly increased (p < .05) among the groups. Conclusions: High correlation was found between PA volumes and mean PA pressures in patients with- and without PAH. Significant differences in PA volumes at CT-volumetry may admit non-invasive determination of pulmonary hypertension

2008-09-01

310

Effect of morning and evening ramipril taking on ambulatory blood pressure profile in patients with arterial hypertension  

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Full Text Available Aim. To compare antihypertensive effect of ramipril monotherapy at morning and evening taking.Material and methods. 22 patients (10 men, 12 women; aged 62,1±1,9 y.o. with arterial hypertension of 1-2 stage were involved into the open randomized crossover study. Patients were randomized into 2 groups depending on ramipril taking time (morning or evening. Ambulatory blood pressure (BP monitoring (ABPM was performed. Patients of both groups were comparable in basic clinical characteristics and initial ABPM indices. Analysis of peak and phase characteristics of 24 hour BP profile was used as well as standard evaluation. Treatment duration was 3 weeks. Ramipril dose titration was made in 1,5 weeks. The average daily dose of ramipril was 6,1 mg in the morning taking, and 5,0 mg in the evening taking.Results. 20 patients finished study completely. 24 hour initial level of systolic (SBP and diastolic BP (DBP was 141,5±1,6/85,3±1,1 mm Hg. After ramipril monotherapy with evening taking BP reduced to 132,6±1,6/79,8±1,1 mm Hg (p<0,001 and with morning taking – to 131,8±1,6/79,2±1,1 mm Hg (p<0,001. Evening ramipril taking led to significant improvement of 24 hour BP profile. Night SBP/DBP reduction became deeper from 7,7±1,2/11,5±1,3% to 12,5±1,2/19,1±1,3 % (p<0,01. Morning taking did not have significant influence on these indices. Ramipril did not result in clinically significant hypotension including night one.Conclusion. Evening ramipril taking is effective and safe. It can be recommended to patients with insufficient night BP dipping (non dippers.

V.M .Gorbunov

2009-01-01

311

The effect of preoperative circadian blood pressure pattern on early postoperative outcomes in patients with coronary artery bypass graft surgery  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the relationship between preoperative circadian blood pressure pattern and early postoperative course in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery. Methods: One hundred and thirty patients planning to undergo isolated CABG operation were included to the study (80 men; 50 women. All patients were studied with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring performed 24 hours before surgery and were divided into 2 groups according with presence (79 patients or absence (51 patients of dipper phenomenon. Non-dippers were defined as those with a nocturnal reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressures of less than 10% of daytime pressures. Both groups were compared with each other from the aspect of postoperative need for intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP, inotropic drug support, extubation time, length of intensive care unit and hospitalization stays, renal failure, stroke, malignant ventricular arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, postoperative myocardial infarction and cardiac mortality. Statistical analyses were performed using Chi-square, unpaired t and Mann-Whitney U tests. Logistic regression analysis was performed to establish associations of non-dipper phenomenon with the risk of postoperative complications. Results: When compared with the dipper patients, need for inotropic medications (37.5% vs. 62.5%, low cardiac output syndrome (30.4% vs. 69.6%, postoperative myocardial infarction (28.6% vs. 71.4% and malignant ventricular arrhythmias (27.8% vs. 72.2% were higher in the non-dipper patients (p<0.05 for all. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that non-dipper phenomenon after CABG was associated with longer cardiopulmonary bypass time (OR=1.038, 95%CI 1.016-1,060, p=0.001, more need for postoperative inotropic agent (OR=4.014, 95%CI 1.235-13,047, p=0.021 and postoperative IABP (OR=6.625, 95%CI 1.564-28.069, p=0.01 support, higher risk of low cardiac output syndrome (OR=4.159, 95%CI 0.921-18.775, p=0.064, malignant ventricular arrhythmia (OR=4.653, 95%CI 0.964-22,456, p=0.056 and postoperative myocardial infarction (OR=7.629, 95%CI 1.448-40.177, p=0.017. Conclusion: Dipper and non-dipper phenomenon can be used as a simple analysis tool for assessing early postoperative mortality and morbidity.

Muzaffer Bahcivan

2008-10-01

312

Is There an Optimal Arterial Pressure Level in Patients with End-Stage Chronic Renal Failure Before and After Kidney Transplantation?  

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Full Text Available Arterial hypertension occurs in 100% cases of end-stage chronic renal failure (ESCRF. It significantly worsens ESCRF and provokes cardiovascular complications. The presence of uncontrolled arterial hypertension after kidney transplantation becomes a determining factor deteriorating the prognosis of patients. The aim of the investigation was to define the changes of arterial pressure (AP in patients with end-stage chronic renal failure before and after kidney transplantation, along with antihypertensive therapy, and determine the most safe arterial pressure levels, with the kidney continuing its optimal functioning. Materials and Methods. The study involved 31 patients (16 male, 15 female patients, who underwent kidney transplantation for ESCRF. The study included the kidney functioning monitoring for a month after the transplantation (5 examinations, and the analysis of hemodynamic, biochemical indices, with transplant function definition. With the aim of achieving optimal AP before and after kidney transplantation, we actively titrated antihypertensive medicinal preparations and studied the functional state of a transplant. Results. Arterial hypertension was diagnosed in 100% of patients before transplantation; its level decreasing, on average, to the next lower order. In early postoperative period on day 7±1 the patients’ systolic AP decreased from 159.4±13.2/98.7±5.6 to 137.1±9.4/84.8±8.1 mm Hg (p < 0.001, and by the time of discharge its level averaged 127.9±9.2/81.1±6.9 mm Hg. Before hospitalization the patients took on average 1.9±0.2 basic medications, on discharge — 2.9±0.1. The indices of creatinine and urea levels, glomerular filtration rate (GFR and proteinuria consistently normalized. Postoperative intensity of systemic AP decrease had no effect on GFR levels in patients with ESCRF: GFR insignificantly increased in higher systolic AP: R2=0.082; p=0.09; R^2=0.083; p=0.23. A month after kidney transplantation AP level appeared to be optimal in the range of 115–130 mm Hg, and with such AP values GFR indices significantly grew (R2=0.25; p=0.035; R^2=0.3; p=0.027. Diastolic AP level had no significant effect on transplant function. Conclusion. In 100% cases, ESCRF patients have a syndrome of II or III degree arterial hypertension. After kidney transplantation there is an independent AP increase by one-two AP increase degrees. Intensive AP decrease in ESCRF patients before transplantation results in GFR decline. After transplantation there is GFR increase with an active decrease of systolic AP in the range of 115–130 mm Hg.

I.V. Fomin

2014-06-01

313

DIFFERENTIAL IMPACTS OF BLOOD PRESSURE AND LIPID LOWERING ON REGRESSION OF VENTRICULAR AND ARTERIAL MASS: THE SANDS TRIAL  

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The relative impacts of lowering blood pressure vs. lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol on regression of ventricular and arterial mass have not been systematically examined. Changes in left ventricular mass and arterial mass (common carotid artery cross-sectional area) following 36 months of simultaneous lowering of systolic blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were examined in the SANDS trial of standard vs. aggressive low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and blood ...

Roman, Mary J.; Howard, Barbara V.; Howard, Wm James; Mete, Mihriye; Fleg, Jerome L.; Lee, Elisa T.; Devereux, Richard B.

2011-01-01

314

The effects of 12-week psyllium fibre supplementation or healthy diet on blood pressure and arterial stiffness in overweight and obese individuals.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endothelial dysfunction and increased arterial stiffness occur early in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome and they are both powerful independent predictors of cardiovascular risk. A high-fibre diet has been correlated with lower BMI and a lower incidence of hyperlipidaemia, CVD, hypertension and diabetes. The present randomised, parallel-design study compared the effects of fibre intake from a healthy diet v. fibre supplement diets on blood pressure (BP) and vascular function over 12 weeks. Overweight and obese adults were randomised to one of three groups: control (with placebo), fibre supplement (FIB) or healthy eating group with placebo (HLT). Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was lower in the FIB group compared with the control group at week 6, but not at week 12. However, SBP was lower in the HLT group compared with control group at week 12. At week 6, the FIB group presented lower diastolic blood pressure and augmentation index compared with the control group, but this result did not persist to the end of the study. The present study did not show any improvements in BP or vascular function in overweight and obese individuals with psyllium fibre supplementation over 12 weeks of intervention. However, a healthy diet provided the greatest improvements in BP in overweight and obese subjects. Further research with hypertensive individuals is necessary to elucidate whether increased fibre consumption in the form of psyllium supplementation may provide a safe and acceptable means to reduce BP, vascular function and the risk of developing CVD. PMID:21787454

Pal, Sebely; Khossousi, Alireza; Binns, Colin; Dhaliwal, Satvinder; Radavelli-Bagatini, Simone

2012-03-01

315

Tissue oxygen pressure in normal myocardium and across the border zone during coronary artery occlusion in the pig. Effects of different arterial oxygen pressures.  

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Tissue oxygen pressure (ptO2) in the pig heart was measured with two different oxygen electrodes: We measured ptO2 in normal myocardium with the MDO electrode while oxygen gradients across the border zone, during acute coronary artery occlusion, were measured with an array-multiwire-electrode (AME). The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of increased arterial oxygen pressure (paO2) during repeated, short-lasting (5 min) coronary artery occlusions. During ventilation with an inspired oxygen fraction (FIO2) of 0.3 the ptO2 levels in normal myocardium increased significantly, while the distribution type of ptO2 values remained normal. During ventilation with FIO2 0.7 there was an uneven distribution of ptO2 values indicating microcirculatory disturbances, however, no ischemic values were seen. We found no indication for any influence on the ptO2 of the border zone. PMID:2275702

Walfridsson, H; Lund, N

1990-01-01

316

New Cardiovascular Indices Based on a Nonlinear Spectral Analysis of Arterial Blood Pressure Waveforms  

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A new method for analyzing arterial blood pressure is presented in this report. The technique is based on the scattering transform and consists in solving the spectral problem associated to a one-dimensional Schr\\"odinger operator with a potential depending linearly upon the pressure. This potential is then expressed with the discrete spectrum which includes negative eigenvalues and corresponds to the interacting components of an N-soliton. The approach is similar to a nonli...

Laleg, Taous-meriem; Me?digue, Claire; Papelier, Yves; Cre?peau, Emmanuelle; Sorine, Michel

2007-01-01

317

Effect on intra-arterial blood pressure of slow release metoprolol combined with placebo or chlorthalidone.  

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Thirty patients with essential hypertension participated in a double blind crossover trial in which they were randomly allocated to treatment with either once daily slow release metoprolol (200 mg) with placebo or once daily slow release metoprolol (200 mg) with chlorthalidone (25 mg). Ambulatory intra-arterial blood pressure was recorded continuously for 24-48 hours before treatment and two months after each change in regimen. The response of blood pressure and pulse rate to a standard exerc...

Kieso, H. A.; Gould, B. A.; Mann, S.; Hornung, R. S.; Altman, D. G.; Raftery, E. B.

1983-01-01

318

Increased Myogenic Reactivity of Uterine Arteries from Pregnant Rats with Reduced Uterine Perfusion Pressure  

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The etiology of preeclampsia remains unknown. However, a contributing factor to this hypertensive disease of pregnancy is a reduction in uterine perfusion pressure resulting in placental ischemia. Uterine arteries may be a major regulator of this process through changes in vascular reactivity and localized blood flow. The reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) pregnant rat is an established animal model of preeclampsia pathology. Pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were used for this investigatio...

Reho, John J.; Toot, Jonathan D.; Peck, Jennifer; Novak, Jacqueline; Yun, Yang H.; Ramirez, Rolando J.

2012-01-01

319

Avaliação de influências sociais e econômicas sobre a pressão arterial de adolescentes de escolas públicas e privadas: um estudo epidemiológico / Assessment of social and economic influences on blood pressure of adolescents in public and private schools: an epidemiological study  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Anteriormente, a alta prevalência de hipertensão arterial em alunos do Ensino Médio de Sorocaba, em São Paulo, foi descrita. Neste estudo, em nova amostra de alunos da mesma faixa etária, oriundos de escolas públicas e privadas, foi avaliado se as diferenças socioeconômicas e o modo de v [...] ida podem influenciar os valores da pressão arterial. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico, inserido entre as atividades de um trabalho comunitário, em que estudantes de Medicina fazem palestras para alunos do Ensino Médio, objetivando estimular hábitos de vida saudáveis e a prevenção primária da hipertensão arterial. Em amostra aleatória de 410 alunos do segundo ano do Ensino Médio (209 de escolas públicas e 201 de escolas privadas), foram determinados o peso, a altura e a pressão arterial, e foi aplicado um questionário epidemiológico e socioeconômico. RESULTADOS: Não há diferenças estatísticas entre os alunos das escolas públicas e privadas quanto à distribuição de sexo, ao índice de massa corporal (IMC), à pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica, à prevalência de hipertensão arterial (16,3%), à porcentagem de fumantes (5,9%), à atividade física regular e aos antecedentes familiares de hipertensão arterial. Nas escolas públicas há maior porcentagem de afro-descendentes, os alunos trabalham fora de casa com maior frequência e têm menor renda familiar. Nas escolas públicas e privadas, os homens têm maior prevalência de hipertensão arterial e a média da pressão arterial é maior que nas mulheres. O IMC tem correlação positiva com a pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica. CONCLUSÕES: A hipertensão arterial e outros fatores de risco cardiovasculares têm início precoce e necessitam de intervenções educativas para a prevenção primária. Fatores socioeconômicos não influenciam a pressão arterial na adolescência. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of hypertension in high school students in Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brazil, has already been described. In this study, within a new sample of high school students from public and private schools, we evaluated if socioeconomic and lifestyle influence on blood pressure va [...] lues. METHODS: This is an epidemiological study, which is part of the activities of a community-based work conducted by medical students. They give speeches to high school students aiming at stimulating a healthy lifestyle and primary prevention of hypertension. In a random sample of 410 students in junior high school (209 from public schools and 201 from private schools), we determined the weight, height, and blood pressure, furthermore, a questionnaire identifying epidemiological and socioeconomic status was applied. RESULTS: No statistical differences were found among students from public and private schools regarding the distribution of gender, body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, prevalence of hypertension (16.3%), percentage of smokers (5.9%), regular physical activity, and family history of hypertension. In public schools, there is a higher percentage of African descendents students and a higher percentage of students who also work due to low family income. Men from public and private schools have higher prevalence of hypertension, and their mean blood pressure is higher than in women. BMI has a positive correlation with systolic and diastolic blood pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors have an early beginning and require educational interventions for primary prevention. Socioeconomic factors do not affect blood pressure in adolescence.

Fernando Antonio de, Almeida; Henrique Pinheiro, Konigsfeld; Lígia Maria de Oliveira, Machado; Andréa Farias, Canadas; Evelyn Yuri Okumura, Issa; Roberto Hernandes, Giordano; Ricardo Augusto de Miranda, Cadaval.

320

Catheter fragmentation of acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism: distal embolisation and pulmonary arterial pressure elevation.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between pulmonary arterial pressure and distal embolisation during catheter fragmentation for the treatment of acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism with haemodynamic impairment. 25 patients with haemodynamic impairment (8 men and 17 women; aged 27-82 years) were treated by mechanical thrombus fragmentation with a modified rotating pigtail catheter. After thrombus fragmentation, all patients received local fibrinolytic therapy, followed by manual clot aspiration using a percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) guide catheter. Pulmonary arterial pressure was continuously recorded during the procedure. The Friedman test and Wilcoxon test were applied for statistical analysis. Distal embolisation was confirmed by digital subtraction angiography in 7 of the 25 patients. A significant rise in mean pulmonary arterial pressure occurred after thrombus fragmentation (before: 34.1 mmHg; after: 37.9 mmHg; ppressure after thrombus aspiration (25.7 mmHg; ppressure was confirmed after thrombus fragmentation (before: 34.2 mmHg; after: 28.1 mmHg: ppressure can occur during mechanical fragmentation using a rotating pigtail catheter for the treatment of life-threatening acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism; thrombolysis and thrombus aspiration can provide partial recanalization and haemodynamic stabilization. Continuous monitoring of pulmonary arterial pressure may contribute to the safety of these interventional procedures. PMID:18941044

Nakazawa, K; Tajima, H; Murata, S; Kumita, S-I; Yamamoto, T; Tanaka, K

2008-11-01

 
 
 
 
321

Effect of an iso-osmolar contrast medium on pulmonary arterial pressure at pulmonary angiography  

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A clinical comparison of the effects on pulmonary arterial pressure induced by contrast media with various osmolalities, iohexol 140 mg I/ml (300 mosm/kg H{sub 2}O), iohexol 300 mg I/ml (690 mosm/kg H{sub 2}O), and diatrizoate 292 mg I/ml (1480 mosm/kg H{sub 2}O) following selective pulmonary angiography was made in 12 patients with normal pulmonary arterial pressure. A double-blind crossover study was performed and the contrast media were administered in random order. The pulmonary arterial pressure was recorded continuously before, during, and for 3 min after the injection. The effect of iohexol 140 on the pulmonary arterial pressure was significantly less marked than that of diatrizoate 292, whereas no statistical significance was shown between iohexol 140 and iohexol 300. These results indicate that iso-osmolar contrast medium (iohexol 140), as well as iohexol 300, would be better tolerated than diatrizoate 292, and is therefore a safer contrast medium for selective pulmonary angiography. (orig.).

Tajima, H.; Kumazaki, T.; Ito, K.; Tajima, N.; Gemma, K.; Ebata, K. (Nippon Medical School, Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Radiology)

1991-03-01

322

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Flexibility Techniques: Acute Effects on Arterial Blood Pressure.  

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The effects of stretching techniques on arterial blood pressure (ABP) were studied in three groups of 20 men each. Each group performed one of three proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) techniques. Results are presented. The study indicates that the benefits of stretching may outweigh the risk of elevated ABP. (JL)

Cornelius, William L.; Craft-Hamm, Kelley

1988-01-01

323

Oxidative stress is associated with increased pulmonary artery systolic pressure in humans.  

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Oxidative stress contributes to the development of pulmonary hypertension in experimental models, but this association in humans is unknown. We investigated the relationship between pulmonary artery systolic pressure measured by echocardiography and plasma aminothiol oxidative stress markers, with the hypothesis that oxidative stress will be higher in those with pulmonary hypertension. A group of 347 patients aged 65±12 years from the Emory Cardiovascular Biobank underwent echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. Plasma aminothiols, cysteine, its oxidized form, cystine, glutathione, and its oxidized disulphide were measured and the redox potentials (Eh) of cysteine/cystine and glutathione/oxidized glutathione couples were calculated. Non-normally distributed variables were log transformed (Ln). Univariate predictors of pulmonary artery systolic pressure included age (Psex (P=0.002), mitral regurgitation (Psize (Pplasma Ln cystine (?=9.53; Pplasma cystine, pulmonary artery systolic pressure increased by 16%. This association persisted in the subgroup with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (?50%) and no significant mitral regurgitation. Whether treatment of oxidative stress will improve pulmonary hypertension requires further study. PMID:24614216

Ghasemzadeh, Nima; Patel, Riyaz S; Eapen, Danny J; Veledar, Emir; Al Kassem, Hatem; Manocha, Pankaj; Khayata, Mohamed; Zafari, A Maziar; Sperling, Laurence; Jones, Dean P; Quyyumi, Arshed A

2014-06-01

324

Cambios en la presión arterial en un grupo de voluntarios normotensos después del consumo de diferentes dosis de café filtrado Changes in blood pressure in a group of normotense volunteers after consumption or different doses of filtered coffee  

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Full Text Available No es clara la asociación entre el consumo de café y los cambios en los niveles de presión arterial; si bien algunos estudios muestran una correlación positiva, otros no logran confirmarla. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el cambio en los niveles de presión arterial en un grupo de voluntarios normotensos sometidos al consumo de diferentes dosis de café filtrado. Se trata de un estudio prospectivo, clínico controlado, en el cual se conformaron cuatro grupos y se sometieron por un período de seis semanas al consumo de diferentes cantidades de café filtrado: el grupo uno no consumió café, el grupo dos consumió 200 mL, el tres 400 mL y el cuatro 600 mL. Antes y al final de la intervención, en cada sujeto se midieron los niveles de presión arterial; en el grupo control se midió la concentración de cafeína antes, durante y al final de la intervención. Los resultados mostraron grupos comparables por género, edad e índice de masa corporal, sin diferencias significativas en las condiciones basales. Después de la intervención, la presión arterial sistólica y diastólica no mostró diferencia intragrupos, excepto en el grupo cuatro en el cual disminuyó significativamente (p=0,006 la presión arterial diastólica. Entre grupos los cambios en los niveles de presión sistólica y diastólica no fueron significativos (p=0,510 y 0,430 respectivamente. En conclusión, el consumo de diferentes dosis de café filtrado no ocasionó en sujetos normotensos cambios significativos en los niveles de presión arterial; el grupo que se abstuvo de tomar café no mostró disminución significativa de la presión arterial.The association between coffee consumption and changes in blood pressure values is not clear yet. Although some studies show a positive correlation, others fail to confirm it. The aim of this study was to determine changes in blood pressure values in a group of normotense volunteers submitted to consumption of different doses of filtered coffee. This is a prospective clinical controlled study in which four groups were conformed and were submitted during a period of six weeks to consumption of different doses of filtered coffee: group one did not have coffee, group two consumed 200 mL, group three 400 mL and group four 600 mL. Blood pressure values were measured before and at the end of the intervention in each subject; in the control group coffeine concentration was measured before, during and at the end of the intervention. The results showed comparable groups by gender, age and body mass index, without significant differences in basal conditions. After the intervention, systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not show any difference between the groups, with the exception of group four in which diastolic blood pressure diminished significantly (p=0.006. Between the groups, the changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were not significant (p=0.510 and 0.430 respectively. In conclusion, consumption of different doses of filtered coffee did not cause significant changes in blood pressure values; the group that did not have coffee did not show significant lowering of blood pressure values.

Gloria M Agudelo

2008-12-01

325

Cambios en la presión arterial en un grupo de voluntarios normotensos después del consumo de diferentes dosis de café filtrado / Changes in blood pressure in a group of normotense volunteers after consumption or different doses of filtered coffee  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish No es clara la asociación entre el consumo de café y los cambios en los niveles de presión arterial; si bien algunos estudios muestran una correlación positiva, otros no logran confirmarla. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el cambio en los niveles de presión arterial en un grupo de volunta [...] rios normotensos sometidos al consumo de diferentes dosis de café filtrado. Se trata de un estudio prospectivo, clínico controlado, en el cual se conformaron cuatro grupos y se sometieron por un período de seis semanas al consumo de diferentes cantidades de café filtrado: el grupo uno no consumió café, el grupo dos consumió 200 mL, el tres 400 mL y el cuatro 600 mL. Antes y al final de la intervención, en cada sujeto se midieron los niveles de presión arterial; en el grupo control se midió la concentración de cafeína antes, durante y al final de la intervención. Los resultados mostraron grupos comparables por género, edad e índice de masa corporal, sin diferencias significativas en las condiciones basales. Después de la intervención, la presión arterial sistólica y diastólica no mostró diferencia intragrupos, excepto en el grupo cuatro en el cual disminuyó significativamente (p=0,006) la presión arterial diastólica. Entre grupos los cambios en los niveles de presión sistólica y diastólica no fueron significativos (p=0,510 y 0,430 respectivamente). En conclusión, el consumo de diferentes dosis de café filtrado no ocasionó en sujetos normotensos cambios significativos en los niveles de presión arterial; el grupo que se abstuvo de tomar café no mostró disminución significativa de la presión arterial. Abstract in english The association between coffee consumption and changes in blood pressure values is not clear yet. Although some studies show a positive correlation, others fail to confirm it. The aim of this study was to determine changes in blood pressure values in a group of normotense volunteers submitted to con [...] sumption of different doses of filtered coffee. This is a prospective clinical controlled study in which four groups were conformed and were submitted during a period of six weeks to consumption of different doses of filtered coffee: group one did not have coffee, group two consumed 200 mL, group three 400 mL and group four 600 mL. Blood pressure values were measured before and at the end of the intervention in each subject; in the control group coffeine concentration was measured before, during and at the end of the intervention. The results showed comparable groups by gender, age and body mass index, without significant differences in basal conditions. After the intervention, systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not show any difference between the groups, with the exception of group four in which diastolic blood pressure diminished significantly (p=0.006). Between the groups, the changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were not significant (p=0.510 and 0.430 respectively). In conclusion, consumption of different doses of filtered coffee did not cause significant changes in blood pressure values; the group that did not have coffee did not show significant lowering of blood pressure values.

Gloria M, Agudelo; Claudia M, Velásquez; Olga L, Cardona; Mauricio, Duque; Myriam, Posada; Vanesa, Pineda; Leonor E, Suárez.

326

Current clinical applications of spectral tissue Doppler echocardiography (E/E' ratio as a noninvasive surrogate for left ventricular diastolic pressures in the diagnosis of heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function  

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Full Text Available Abstract Congestive heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function has emerged as a growing epidemic medical syndrome in developed countries, which is characterized by high morbidity and mortality rates. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of this condition is essential for optimizing the therapeutic management. The diagnosis of congestive heart failure is challenging in patients presenting without obvious left ventricular systolic dysfunction and additional diagnostic information is most commonly required in this setting. Comprehensive Doppler echocardiography is the single most useful diagnostic test recommended by the ESC and ACC/AHA guidelines for assessing left ventricular ejection fraction and cardiac abnormalities in patients with suspected congestive heart failure, and non-invasively determined basal or exercise-induced pulmonary capillary hypertension is likely to become a hallmark of congestive heart failure in symptomatic patients with preserved left ventricular systolic function. The present review will focus on the current clinical applications of spectral tissue Doppler echocardiography used as a reliable noninvasive surrogate for left ventricular diastolic pressures at rest as well as during exercise in the diagnosis of heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function. Chronic congestive heart failure, a disease of exercise, and acute heart failure syndromes are characterized by specific pathophysiologic and diagnostic issues, and these two clinical presentations will be discussed separately.

Roux Emmanuel

2007-03-01

327

Artificial arterial blood pressure artifact models and an evaluation of a robust blood pressure and heart rate estimator  

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Abstract Background Within the intensive care unit (ICU), arterial blood pressure (ABP) is typically recorded at different (and sometimes uneven) sampling frequencies, and from different sensors, and is often corrupted by different artifacts and noise which are often non-Gaussian, nonlinear and nonstationary. Extracting robust parameters from such signals, and providing confidences in the estimates is therefore difficult and requires an adaptive filtering approach which accou...

Li Qiao; Mark Roger G; Clifford Gari D

2009-01-01

328

Acute nitric oxide synthase inhibition and endothelin-1-dependent arterial pressure elevation  

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Full Text Available Key evidence that endogenous nitric oxide (NO inhibits the continuous, endothelin (ET-1-mediated drive to elevate arterial pressure includes demonstrations that ET-1 mediates a significant component of the pressure elevated by acute exposure to NO synthase (NOS inhibitors. This review examines the characteristics of this pressure elevation in order to elucidate potential mechanisms associated with the negative regulation of ET-1 by NO and, thereby, provide potential insight into the vascular pathophysiology underlying NO dysregulation. We surmise that the magnitude of the ET-1-dependent component of the NOS inhibitor-elevated pressure is 1 independent of underlying arterial pressure and other pressor pathways activated by the NOS inhibitors and 2 dependent on relatively higher NOS inhibitor dose, release of stored and de novo synthesized ET-1, and ETA receptor-mediated increased vascular resistance. Major implications of these conclusions include: 1 the marked variation of the ET-1-dependent component, i.e., from 0-100% of the pressure elevation, reflects the NO-ET-1 regulatory pathway. Thus, NOS inhibitor-mediated, ET-1-dependent pressure elevation in vascular pathophysiologies is an indicator of the level of compromised/enhanced function of this pathway; 2 NO is a more potent inhibitor of ET-1-mediated elevated arterial pressure than other pressor pathways, due in part to inhibition of intravascular pressure-independent release of ET-1. Thus, the ET-1-dependent component of pressure elevation in vascular pathophysiologies associated with NO dysregulation is of greater magnitude at higher levels of compromised NO.

RobertRapoport

2014-04-01

329

El curso de la hemodiálisis está asociado a cambios en el umbral de dolor y en las relaciones entre presión arterial y dolor / Haemodialysis course is associated to changes in pain threshold and in the relations between arterial pressure and pain  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: La presión arterial se asocia negativamente con la percepción del dolor. Objetivos: En este estudio se comparan el dolor y las relaciones entre presión arterial y umbral doloroso al inicio y final de la hemodiálisis. Métodos: 14 pacientes con trastorno renal crónico bajo diálisis parti [...] ciparon en el estudio. Los umbrales de dolor fueron evaluados mediante algometría de presión de forma bilateral en dos puntos «gatillo»: la segunda costilla y la rodilla. La presión arterial y los umbrales de dolor se evaluaron: 1) 15 minutos después del inicio de la diálisis, y 2) 30 minutos antes de su final. Resultados: La presión arterial no cambió significativamente durante la diálisis. Se observó una disminución significativa del umbral de dolor en la segunda costilla izquierda y en la rodilla izquierda y derecha desde el inicio al final de la hemodiálisis. Al inicio de la diálisis no se obtuvieron correlaciones significativas entre presión arterial y dolor, mientras que al final de la diálisis la presión arterial se correlacionó positivamente con los umbrales de dolor (rs entre 0,552 y 0,806). Conclusiones: La hemodiálisis se asocia a cambios en la sensibilidad al dolor y en las relaciones entre presión arterial y dolor, y sugiere una modificación en el mecanismo de inhibición aferente del dolor originado a nivel cardiovascular. Como posibles explicaciones de este efecto se discuten los cambios que produce la hemodiálisis en las funciones cognitivo-perceptivas, en la regulación autonómica cardiovascular y en la habituación de variables relacionadas con el estrés. Abstract in english Antecedents: Arterial pressure is negatively associated to pain perception. Objectives: In this study, pain and the relations between arterial pressure and pain threshold were compared at the beginning and end of the heamodialysis. Methods: 14 patients with chronic renal disease participated in the [...] study. Pain thresholds were evaluated with pressure algometry bilaterally at two tender points: the second rib and the knee. Arterial pressure and pain thresholds were assessed twice: 1) 15 min alter dialysis onset and 2) 30 min before dialysis ended. Results: Arterial pressure remains unchanged through the dialysis. The course of dialysis was associated to a decrease in pain threshold in the second left rib and left and right knees. At the beginning of dialysis arterial pressure were uncorrelated with pain, while at the end of the dialysis both systolic and diastolic arterial pressure were strongly associated to pain thresholds (rs between 0.552 and 0.806): increased arterial pressure was associated to lower pain in terms of increased threshold. Conclusions: Heamodialysis is associated to changes in pain sensitivity and in the relationships between arterial pressure and pain, suggesting a modification in the ascending pain inhibition system arising from the cardiovascular system. Possible explanations of this effect include the changes produced by heamodialysis in cognitive-perceptive functions, in autonomic cardiovascular regulation, and in the habituation of stress-related variables.

G.A., Reyes del Paso; C.M., Perales Montilla.

330

Influence of acute alterations in heart rate and systemic arterial pressure on echocardiographic measures of left ventricular perfornmance in normal human subjects.  

Science.gov (United States)

To study the effects of acute alterations in heart rate and systemic arterial pressure on the mean velocity of left ventricular circumferential fiber shortening (Vcf) and on mean posterior wall velocity (Vpw), we performed ultrasound studies in 25 normal human subjects between the ages of 21 and 29 years. When heart rate was augmented by the administration of intravenous atropine from 64 +/- 2.2 (SEM) to 98 +/- 2.7 beats/min, mean normalized Vcf increased from 1.22 +/- 0.05 to 1.38 +/- 0.06 circumferences (circ)/sec(P less than 0.001). Mean normalized Vpw increased from 0.76 +/- 0.03 to 0.89 +/- 0.04 sec-1 (P less than 0.001). Mean Vcf and mean Vpw uncorrected for end-diastolic diameter increased in a similar fashion (P less than 0.01). After atropine administration, systemic arterial pressure was augmented by means of a phenylephrine infusion in 23 subjects by an average of 39 mm Hg (range 20-50 mm Hg). During the phenylephrine infusion, average heart rate decreased from 96 +/- 2.6 to 91 +/- 3.1 beats/min (NS), while mean normalized Vcf declined from 1.38 +/- 0.06 to 1.09 +/- 0.05 circ/sec (P less than 0.001) and normalized Vpw from 0.89 +/- 0.04 to 0.65 +/- 0.04 sec-1 (P less than 0.001). Nonnormalized velocities exhibited similar alterations (P less than 0.01). We conclude that in the normal human subject mean Vcf and mean Vpw are sensitive to acute alterations in heart rate and systemic arterial pressure. Thus, when ultrasound measures are used for serial assessment of left ventricular performance, the level of heart rate and systemic arterial pressure at which studies are obtained must be considered. Further, the sequential use of atropine and phenylephrine, as described in this study, provides an experimental model for the evaluation of the effects of drug treatment and other interventions on left ventricular performance in man. PMID:1175264

Hirshleifer, J; Crawford, M; O'Rourke, R A; Karliner, J S

1975-11-01

331

Respuesta ortostática de la tensión arterial de pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson inicial / Orthostatic response of blood pressure in patients with early Parkinson's disease  

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Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar la respuesta ortostática de la tensión arterial de forma no invasiva en pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson inicial leve a moderada atendidos en el Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía. Método: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal con grupo control. Se incluyeron [...] pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson de menos de 5 años de evolución y severidad leve a moderada así como controles sanos. Se excluyeron sujetos con diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial o diagnóstico de disautonomía. Se realizaron mediciones de la tensión arterial en posición supina, y posteriormente a los3y5minde asumir bipedestación. Resultados: Se incluyeron 70 sujetos con enfermedad de Parkinson y 145 controles. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en género y edad entre ambos grupos. No hubo diferencias en el cambio de la tensión arterial sistólica entre los grupos a los 3 min pero sí a los 5min (p = 0.03). En el caso de la tensión diastólica existió diferencia entre ambos grupos a los 3 y 5min (p = 0.02 y p = 0.007). Conclusión: Los pacientes con enfermedad de Parkinson inicial presentan diferencias en la respuesta ortostática con respecto a controles sanos, siendo de mayor relevancia a los 5 min de bipedestación. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate orthostatic blood pressure response in patients with early Parkinson's disease and mild to moderate disease treated at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery. Method: A cross-sectional study with control group was carried out. Patients with Parkinson's disease wi [...] th a disease duration of less than 5 years and mild to moderate severity along with healthy controls of the same age group were included. Those subjects with diabetes mellitus, hypertension or diagnosis of dysautonomia were excluded. Blood pressure was measured in supine position as well as after 3 and 5 min of standing. Results: Seventy subjects with Parkinson's disease and 145 controls were included. There were no statistically significant differences in gender and age between both groups. There was no difference in systolic blood pressure change between groups at 3 minutes but at 5 minutes a statistically significant difference was found (P = .03). For diastolic blood pressure a difference between both groups was present at three and five minutes (P = .02 and P = .007). Conclusion: Patients with early Parkinson's disease have differences in orthostatic responses compared to healthy controls, these differences are more relevant at 5 minutes of standing.

Mayela, Rodríguez-Violante; Amin, Cervantes-Arriaga; Daniela, García-Ibarra; Teresa, Corona.

332

Limitação funcional e claudicação intermitente: impacto das medidas de pressão arterial / Functional limitation and intermittent claudication: impact of blood pressure measurements  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese FUNDAMENTO: A hipertensão arterial é importante fator de risco para Doença Arterial Obstrutiva Periférica dos Membros Inferiores (DAOMI). Entretanto, a correlação entre pressão arterial e Pressão de Pulso (PP) com a gravidade da DAOMI e o prejuízo funcional decorrente dessa doença ainda não está bem [...] estabelecida na população brasileira. OBJETIVO: Verificar se há correlação entre pressão arterial, PP, gravidade da DAOMI e capacidade funcional de pacientes com DAOMI sintomática. MÉTODOS: FORAM avaliados 65 pacientes (62,2 ± 8,1 anos; 56,9% do sexo masculino), divididos em dois grupos: pressão arterial normal (A) e elevada (B). A gravidade da DAOMI foi avaliada por meio do Índice Tornozelo-Braquial (ITB) e a capacidade funcional, pelas distâncias total e livre de dor percorridas em teste de marcha. RESULTADOS: O grupo A foi constituído por 17 (26,1%) pacientes. A Pressão Arterial Sistólica (PAS), diastólica e a PP foram, respectivamente, 125,4 ± 11,7; 74,5 ± 9,1 e 50,9 ±10,0 mmHg, para o grupo A, e 160,7 ± 19,6; 90,0 ± 12,2 e 70,7 ± 20,2 mmHg, para o grupo B. O ITB foi significativamente menor no grupo B (0,66 ± 0,12 vs 0,57 ± 0,13, p 40 mmHg percorreram menores distâncias. CONCLUSÃO: A PAS e a PP correlacionaram-se de forma significativa com as distâncias percorridas em teste de marcha, sugerindo que sejam marcardores clínicos da limitação da capacidade funcional em pacientes com DAOMI sintomática. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is an important risk factor for Lower-Limb Occlusive Arterial Disease (LLOAD). However, the correlation between blood pressure and pulse pressure (PP) with LLOAD severity and functional impairment resulting from this disease is not well established in the Brazilian [...] population. OBJECTIVE: To verify whether there is a correlation between blood pressure, PP, LLOAD severity and functional capacity in patients with symptomatic LLOAD. METHODS: A total of 65 patients (62.2 + 8.1 years, 56.9% males) were evaluated. They were divided into two groups: normal (A) and high (B) blood pressure. LLOAD severity was assessed using the ankle-brachial index (ABI) and functional capacity by the total and pain-free walking distance at the 6-minute walking test (6MWT). RESULTS: Group A consisted of 17 (26.1%) patients. The systolic (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and PP were, respectively, 125.4 ±11.7, 74.5 ± 9.1 and 50.9 ± 10.0 mmHg in group A and 160.7 ± 19.6, 90.0 ± 12.2 and 70.7 ± 20.2 mmHg in group B. The ABI was significantly lower in group B (0.66 ± 0.12 vs. 0.57 ± 0.13, p 40 mmHg walked shorter distances. CONCLUSION: SBP and PP significantly correlated with the distances walked in the 6MWT, suggesting they are clinical markers of functional capacity impairment in patients with symptomatic LLOAD.

Rita de Cássia Gengo e, Silva; Cassiana Rosa Galvão, Giribela; Nelson, Wolosker; Fernanda Marciano, Consolim-Colombo.

333

Resposta da pressão arterial ao esforço em adolescentes: influência do sobrepeso e obesidade / Blood pressure response to physical exertion in adolescents: influence of overweight and obesity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese FUNDAMENTO: A resposta aguda da pressão arterial ao esforço tem sido utilizada como indicador de risco para o desenvolvimento de hipertensão arterial. Os fatores associados com essa resposta precisam ser esclarecidos a fim de se intervir na prevenção da doença hipertensiva. OBJETIVO: Descrever o com [...] portamento das variáveis cardiovasculares ao esforço agudo em adolescentes com excesso de peso, por meio de teste cardiopulmonar. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi constituída de 104 adolescentes (56 meninos e 48 meninas), divididos nos grupos de sobrepeso/obesos (GSO) e eutróficos (GE). Foram aferidas variáveis antropométricas (peso, estatura e IMC), de composição corporal (dobra cutânea) e variáveis hemodinâmicas de pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) e freqüência cardíaca (FC), no repouso e no esforço máximo do teste cardiopulmonar. RESULTADOS: No grupo masculino, identificaram-se maiores valores de pressão arterial sistólica de repouso para o GSO, quando comparados com o GE (113 ± 13 vs 106 ± 8 mmHg; p = 0,009), a PAS pré-exercício (120 ± 14 vs 109 ± 10 mmHg; p = 0,003) e de PAS na carga máxima de trabalho (156 ± 20 vs 146 ± 14 mmHg; p = 0,03). No grupo feminino, apenas a PAS pré-exercício foi superior no grupo de sobrepeso, quando isso foi comparado com as eutróficas (114 ± 11 vs 106 ± 10 mmHg; p = 0,009). CONCLUSÃO: A resposta pressórica durante o exercício foi mais exacerbada em adolescentes obesos quando comparada com àquela obtida em eutróficos, o que indica maior reatividade ao estresse físico. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: The acute blood pressure response to physical exertion has been used as an indicator of the risk of developing hypertension. The factors associated with this response need to be clarified for timely intervention in preventing hypertensive disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe the response of c [...] ardiovascular variables to acute physical exertion in overweight adolescents using cardiopulmonary exercise testing. METHODS: The sample consisted of 104 adolescents (56 boys and 48 girls), divided into two groups: the obese/overweight group (OOG) and the eutrophic group (EG). The following variables were measured: anthropometric (weight, height, and BMI), body composition (skin fold thickness), as well as hemodynamic variables such as systolic arterial pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP), and heart rate (HR), at rest and at maximal physical exertion during the cardiopulmonary test. RESULTS: In the male group, the greatest values of systolic arterial pressure at rest were recorded in the OOG as compared to the EG (113 ± 13 vs 106 ± 8 mmHg; p = 0.009), pre-exertion SAP (120 ± 14 vs 109 ± 10 mmHg; p = 0.003), and SAP during maximal exertion conditions (156 ± 20 vs 146 ± 14 mmHg; p = 0.03). In the female group, only pre-exertion SAP was higher in the overweight group as compared to the eutrophic girls (114 ± 11 vs 106 ± 10 mmHg; p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: The response of arterial blood pressure during physical exercise was most exacerbated in obese adolescents as compared to eutrophic teens, suggesting greater reactivity to physical exertion.

Luciana, Carletti; Anabel Nunes, Rodrigues; Anselmo José, Perez; Dalton Valentim, Vassallo.

334

Prediction of pressure difference and velocity profile in steady flow through axi-symmetric deposited arteries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Numerical simulations of blood flow through plaque deposited arteries at different Reynolds numbers have been performed to investigate the impact of atherosclerosis on pressure drop and velocity profile at down stream. The predicated results are presented in terms of non-dimensional pressure isobars and velocity profiles at distinct Reynolds numbers and various levels of deposition at downstream of the artery segment. The scaled non-dimensional graph of pressure drop is also illustrated. The incompressible Navier-Stokes equation in the axi-symmetric frame of reference is solved numerically by employing FEM (Finite Element Method). Semi-implicit Taylor-Galerkin/pressure-correction scheme has been utilized to obtain steady state solutions. The effects of atherosclerosis on hemodynamic factors have been investigated. The results show that blockage disturbs the flow field in the wake of plaque deposited arteries and the trend of pressure and velocity is increasing as level of deposition or Reynolds number increases. The application of this research work can be utilised in the field of cardio vascular disease, design of device and further planning towards treatment. (author)

2012-10-01

335

Time-dependent change in baroreflex control capacity of arterial pressure by pentobarbital anesthesia in rabbits.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study is designed to investigate the time-dependent effect of pentobarbital anesthesia on the baroreflex arterial pressure (AP) control system in rabbits. The overall AP control capacity of the baroreflex system was assessed with mean arterial pressure (MAP) responses to the rapid mild hemorrhage (2 ml/kg body weight) and an overall open-loop gain (G) of the system. The G value was determined by means of the following formula: G = delta API/delta APS-1, where delta APl is an immediate MAP fall and delta APS a steady-state fall after the rapid hemorrhage. Prior to the experiment, two catheters for AP measurement and hemorrhage were chronically in-dwelt in the aortic arch via the left subclavian and left common carotid arteries, respectively. Control mean arterial pressure averaged for 30 sec before the rapid hemorrhage (CMAP), delta API and delta APS significantly increased and reached the maximal value at 14 min (CAMP: p 0.05). These findings suggest that pentobarbital sodium exerts a time-dependent inhibitory effect on the baroreflex system but does not significantly affect the overall AP control capacity of the baroreflex system itself at least 70 min after the intravenous administration at a dose of 25.0 mg/kg. PMID:10889949

Katsuda, S; Waki, H; Nagayama, T; Yamasaki, M; OIshi, H; Katahira, K; Shimizu, T

2000-04-01

336

The Effects of Cola Acuminata on Arterial Blood Pressure  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Caffeine has been proven to be vasoactive and augments the release of calcium from sarcoplasmic reticulum. Interestingly, caffeine is the most active principle of Cola acuminata-commonly consumed in Nigeria. This study is designed to determine its effects on blood pressure using 20 Sprague dawley rats with an average weight of 150g. The animals were subdivided into 2 groups of 10 rats each (control and test groups). The control rats were fed with rat chow while the test groups were fed with s...

Igbinovia, E. N. S.; Ugwu, A. C.; Nwaopara, A. O.; Otamere, H. O.; Adisa, W. A.

2009-01-01

337

A new sodium-nitroprusside-infusion controller for the regulation of arterial blood pressure.  

Science.gov (United States)

Automatic optimization of the infusion rate of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is achieved by an integrated hardware-software closed-loop controller implemented as a small bedside device. A microprocessor-based blood pressure monitor controls an infusion pump. The shape of the arterial pressure wave is digitally sampled; its analysis incorporates artifact-detection and -rejection routines. The implemented algorithm applies a rule-based closed-loop control that incorporates fuzzy logic. The system models the decision-making ability of the expert, instead of trying to model the patient's physiologic dynamics. Several internal fuzzy-state variables are defined to achieve a clear understanding of mean arterial pressure (MAP) evolution with time. The system performance is very robust, employing, under all possible situations, a sort of "common sense." A clinical trial of the controller was conducted in 60 patients requiring vasodilation therapy for systemic arterial hypertension following cardiac surgery, 20 who had conventional manual control by an experienced nursing staff and 40 who had automated closed-loop control. The first 240 minutes of the postoperative period were closely watched, taking into account 1) the percentage of time during which MAP was within the 10-mmHg wide frame above the target pressure (target gap); 2) the mean difference of pressure values that crossed the boundary of the target gap; 3) the mean SNP-infusion rate. With automatic control, the time mean arterial pressure values were located in the target gap during the first hour amounted to 72.8 +/- 6.7%, vs 51.2 +/- 10.3% in the manual-control group. In the second hour, it was 79.3 +/- 2.5% vs 67.4 +/- 11.7% (p < 0.005).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8513386

Ruiz, R; Borches, D; González, A; Corral, J

1993-01-01

338

Skin perfusion pressure measured with a photo sensor in an air-filled plastic balloon: validity and reproducibility on the lower leg in normal subjects and patients suspected of obliterative arterial disease  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

An inflatable small plastic bag including a photo sensor was constructed for measurement of skin perfusion pressure avoiding the rim of the photo sensor over bony and tendineous surfaces of the tibia below the knee, at the ankle, and on the dorsal forefoot. Compression was obtained using a conical blood pressure cuff with continuous decrease from suprasystolic arm pressure. The validity of skin perfusion pressure with the new device was compared to that of isotope washout below the knee in normal subjects and in patients with an ischemic forefoot with acceptable agreement. The method had a high reproducibility within and between days in normal subjects. Compared to systolic arterial pressure measured using a strain gauge with a cuff on the ankle in normal subjects and patients with intermittent claudication the new device showed blood pressure in the skin closer to the diastolic pressure. The new pressure device thus had acceptable validity and reproducibility for estimation of the skin perfusion pressure andcan be used on bony and tendineous sites on the lower limb in regions where critical wound healing is frequent, e.g. ankle and forefoot.

Nielsen, Steen Le