Sample records for antilymphocyte serum

  1. Impact of thymectomy and antilymphocytic serum on stem cells of the intestinal epithelium

    The population of stem cells of the intestinal epithelium was studied under conditions of the disturbed balance in the immune system on F1 (CBAxC57B1) mice. It has been shown that thymectomy in adult mice does not influence the stem region of the intestinal epithelium at early time of observation but causes a tendency to the changed number of epithelial stem cells in 4-6 months. Administration of specific sera against T-, B- and mixed lymphoid populations on the 1st day of observation produces an ambi us effect on the stem region and results in an increase of the number of epithelial stem cells on the 5th day. After administration of the antilymphocytic serum there have been determined morphological changes in the population of mature erythrocytes and undulatory fluctuations in the number of mitotic cells of the intestinal epithelium. These data suggest functional correlation of the intestinal epithelium and the state of the immunocompetent tissue

  2. Treatment of Severe Aplastic Anemia by Immunosuppressor Anti-lymphocyte Globulin/Anti-thymus Globulin as the Chief Medicine in Combination with Chinese Drugs

    郑兵荣; 沈建平; 庄海峰; 林圣云; 沈一平; 周郁鸿


    Objective:To study the therapeutic effect of combined therapy with Chinese drugs and immunosuppressors, mainly anti-lymphocyte globulin/anti-thymus globulin(ALG/ATG),for the treatment of severe aplastic anemia(SAA),the efficacy associated factors and adverse effects as well.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on 65 patients with SAA treated by combined therapy which was supplemented with cyclosporin A,androgen,hematopoietic growth factor,etc.Results:Of the 57 patients followed-up,26 (45.6%) we...

  3. Antilymphocyte Antibodies in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Association with Disease Activity and Lymphopenia

    Chun Li


    Full Text Available Purpose. We analyzed the prevalence, clinical correlation, and the functional significance of ALA in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE. Methods. ALA IgG was detected by indirect immunofluorescence in the serum of 130 SLE patients, 75 patients with various rheumatic diseases, and 45 healthy controls (HC. Results. The sensitivity and specificity of ALA IgG in SLE were 42.3% and 96.7%, respectively. ALA was observed in 55.6% (50/90 of patients with lymphopenia, which was significantly higher than in patients with normal lymphocytes (5/40, 12.5%; P<0.001. Patients with active SLE showed higher ALA positivity (60.9% than those with inactive disease (24.2%; χ2 = 17.925; P<0.001. ALA correlated significantly with hypocomplementemia, anti-dsDNA antibodies, and higher SLEDAI scores. The incidences of ALA in SLE patients who were seronegative for anti-dsDNA, anti-Sm, or both antibodies were 32.9% (26/79, 41.0% (43/105, and 32.4% (22/68, respectively. The ALA-positive group also had higher incidences of neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE and lupus nephritis (LN. In multivariate analyses, ALA was independently associated with lymphopenia, higher SLEDAI scores, and increased risk for LN. ALA titers significantly decreased as clinical disease was ameliorated following treatment. Conclusions. ALA occurred more frequently in patients with active SLE and was independently associated with lymphopenia, disease activity, and LN.

  4. Serum ferritin

    Serum ferritin (SF) concentration as determined by the immunoradiometric method allows the direct measurement of a fraction of the body ferritin pool. In normal subjects, SF is an excellent index of body iron stores. In certain conditions associated with increased ferritin synthesis (such as liver disease, inflammation, malignancy, chronic disorders, ineffective erythropoiesis, or during ferrotherapy), SF may not accurately reflect body iron stores. In hyposideremic anemias SF concentration permits to differentiate those due to iron deficiency from those due to chronic disorders. With a good assay quality, subnormal SF levels are incontrovertible in the diagnosis of iron deficiency. SF determination has been investigated as possible tumor marker. When performed in combination with the alpha-fetoprotein assay, SF enhances the specificity of serodiagnosis of hepatoma. SF results must be interpreted bearing in mind the possible participation of circumstances that i) modify the body iron stores and ii) lead to increased ferritin synthesis. (author)

  5. Protein electrophoresis - serum

    ... this page: // Protein electrophoresis - serum To use the sharing features on ... JavaScript. This lab test measures the types of protein in the fluid (serum) part of a blood ...

  6. Serum pneumoproteins in firefighters

    Greven, Frans; Krop, Esmeralda; Burger, Nena; Kerstjens, Huib; Heederik, Dick


    Serum Clara cell protein (CC16) and surfactant-associated protein A (SP-A) were measured in a cross-sectional study in 402 firefighters. For the population as a whole, no associations were detected between serum pneumoproteins and smoke exposure. SP-A levels were increased in symptomatic subjects ex

  7. Serum YKL-40

    Mylin, Anne K; Abildgaard, Niels; Johansen, Julia S; Heickendorff, Lene; Kreiner, Svend; Waage, Anders; Turesson, Ingemar; Gimsing, Peter


    for SRE and at 9 and 24 months for radiographic progression. Elevated serum YKL-40 was seen in 47% of patients and associated with high-risk disease (International Staging System stage III; p < 0.001), increased bone resorption (serum CTX/MMP; p < 0.001) and early radiographic progression at 9 months...

  8. Serum free hemoglobin test

    Blood hemoglobin; Serum hemoglobin ... Hemoglobin (Hb) is the main component of red blood cells. It is a protein that carries oxygen. ... people may contain up to 5 mg/dL hemoglobin. Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different ...

  9. Serum bactericidal test.

    Stratton, C W


    The serum bactericidal test represents one of the few in vitro tests performed in the clinical microbiology laboratory that combines the interaction of the pathogen, the antimicrobial agent, and the patient. Although the use of such a test antedates the antimicrobial era, its performance, results, and interpretation have been subject to question and controversy. Much of the confusion concerning the serum bactericidal test can be avoided by an understanding of the various factors which influen...

  10. Ferritin in cattle serum

    A commercially available radioimmunoassay kit for human serum ferritin was used to determine the ferritin concentration in serum or plasma of 41 calves from 0 to 106 days of age, 192 cows and 35 bulls from 2 to 11 years of age. The geometric average concentration of ferritin was 2.1, 12.6 and 4.5 ng/ml for the calves, cows and bulls, respectively. The cows were statistically different from the calves and bulls; there were no differences between the calves and bulls. Within the cows one herd was found to have lower serum ferritin levels than all the other herds (P < 0.05) but no differences in packed cell volumes were present. The data suggest that a radioimmunoassay procedure with a ferritin antibody specific for bovine ferritin could be useful in the study of iron metabolism in cattle. (author)

  11. Serum magnesium and irradiation

    Serum magnesium determinations were obtained on 10 dogs and 11 patients undergoing fractionated irradiation to the pelvis and lower abdomen. Five of the dogs received oral prednisone during irradiation. There was no significant change in magnesium concentration in either the control dogs or the patients, but there was a significant increase in stool frequency in both the dogs and patients. A significant increase in magnesium concentration was noted in the dogs receiving prednisone. It is concluded that radiation-induced diarrhea is not caused by reduced serum magnesium concentration

  12. Radioimmunoassay of haloperidol in human serum: correlation of serum haloperidol with serum prolactin

    A radioimmunoassay (RIA) for measurement of serum haloperidol is described. Compared to gaschromatography (GC), RIA vaues average 40% higher. However, a simple organic extraction of serum yields statistically equivalent RIA and GC haloperidol determinations. For both men and women combined, there was a positive correlation between dose (mg/kg/day) and steady-state serum haloperidol level (r = +0.86) and between steady-state serum haloperidol and serum prolactin (PRL) concentration

  13. Second Trimester Maternal Serum Screening

    ... Global Sites Search Help? Second Trimester Maternal Serum Screening Share this page: Was this page helpful? Also ... should know? How is it used? Maternal serum screening is used in the second trimester of pregnancy ...

  14. Radioimmunoassay of serum ferritin

    Purified human spleen ferritin was labelled with 125I. On Sepharose 6-B gel filtration four species of labelled products were separated: a component with a higher molecular weight than ferritin; a component which is eluted in the same volume as unlabelled ferritin; and two labelled compounds with molecular weights lower than ferritin. When these labelled materials were used in a double antibody radioimmunoassay, the higher molecular weight fraction showed variable and high non-specific binding and was poorly displaced by unlabelled ferritin; the fraction behaving like true ferritin gave good standard curves and showed non-specific binding of less than 1%. The remaining two components showed poor binding to rabbit antiferritin. Using labelled material from the second fraction, a double antibody radioimmunoassay capable of measuring 2μg ferritin protein/litre of serum was developed. Inter-and intra-assay variation was between 3% and 8% over a concentration range of 0 to 250 μg ferritin protein/litre. Good agreement between serum ferritin levels assayed by the present method and by an immunoradiometric method was obtained. Labelled ferritin was stable for at least six weeks. The simplicity of the methodology makes it possible to assay serum ferritin in large batches. (author)

  15. Radioimmunoassay for serum ferritin

    We describe the development and evaluation of a serum ferritin radioimmunoassay, in which 125I-labeled ferritin and rabbit anti-ferritin antibody are used. Goat anti-rabbit gamma-globulin antibody, together with polyethylene glycol, is used as the separating reagent. The assay has a working range up to 500 μg of ferritin per litre, and a sample requirement of 75 μl of serum for assay at two dilutions. The assay requires 24 h. It has a sensitivity of 1.5 μg of ferritin per litre and a long-term precision (CV) of 13%. Reference intervals for a population of men were 18 to 330 μg/litre, with no marked age dependence, while those for a population of women older than 50 years were 18 to 200 μg/litre. Many apparently healthy women in the 20 to 50 year age group have much lower concentrations. Serum ferritin concentrations of <18 μg/litre are indicative of iron deficiency, defined as the absence of stainable iron in an aspirate of bone marrow

  16. Free serum thyroxine

    The use of radiommunoassay (RIA) tehcniques has increased the diagnosis of thyroid functional alterations. A solid phase RIA method for free thyroxine (FT4) measurement was tested. Serum FT4, Total T4, T3 and TSH were determined by radioimmunoassay in 179 subjects. One hundred twenty two patients were normal (8 to 75 years old); FT4 was 1.42 +- 0.03 ng/100 ml (avg. value and std. error). In 27 cases of thyrotoxicosis the values were 4.66 +- 0.48 ng/100 ml and in 15 cases of hypothyroidism 0.50 +- 0.06 ng/100 ml (statistics probability <0,01). Four euthyroid patients under estrogen treatment, 9 hypothyroid patients under l-thyroxine treatment, one hyperthyroid patient under antithyroid drugs and one hyperthyroid patient under estrogen treatment, were studied. Total T4 and T3 values were in agreement with the variations of the serum protein transport capacity, and for that reason did not show the real thyroid function state. Clinical decision making analysis (with Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves) indicate that FT4 is the best choice for hyperthyroidism diagnosis and T4 for hypothyroidism. Cost/benefit analysis indicates also that FT4 has the best ratio. (author)

  17. Filariasis and serum specific gravity

    Viroj Wiwanitkit


    "nFilariasis is a problematic tropical vector borne infection. Here, the author proposes an idea on a physical change, serum specific gravity, in serum of filariasis cases and further extrapolates for its clinical usefulness.  According to this study, the finalized estimated serum specificity in filariasis is more than that of normal condition. The change of the specific gravity due to additional content or mass can be demonstrated and might be useful for diagnosis and following...

  18. Radioimmunoassay of serum ferritin

    The results are compared of the determination of ferritin in the serum using the British made Ferritin RIA kit (Amersham) and the Hungarian 125I-Ferritin IRMA kit (Budapest). Ferritin was determined in the sera of healthy donors with a normal ferritin level and in sera of patients containing high concentrations of ferritin (leukemia, some hemolytic anemias, polytransfusion patients). The obtained results have shown that both kits were sufficiently sensitive for the determination of low ferritin concentrations. The British kit has a wider range than the Hungarian (0 - 1000 ng/ml of ferritin as against 0 - 100 ng/ml), which makes it unnecessary to dilute the examined sera several times as is the case with the Hungarian kit. The possible number of determinations of the British kit is higher than that of the Hungarian kit. (author)

  19. Measurement of acetol in serum.

    Casazza, J P; Fu, J L


    A method for the derivatization of acetol (1-hydroxyacetone) with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) and for the measurement of the acetol dinitrophenylhydrazone derivative (acetol-DNPH) by high-performance liquid chromatography is presented. The chromatographic separation described here resulted in baseline resolution of the acetol-DNPH peak. Peak integration was proportional to serum acetol concentration over a 5- to 500-nmol/ml range. No other method for the determination of acetol in serum currently exists. Serum from rats in diabetic ketoacidosis was found to contain 11.2 +/- 1.1 nmol acetol/ml serum (N = 3). Serum from a 21-day-fasted human contained 16 nmol/ml acetol. Serum from rats maintained on drinking water containing 1% acetone (v:v) for 6 days contained 152 +/- 31 nmol/ml acetol (N = 5). The presence of acetol in serum under conditions where acetoacetate and acetone are chronically elevated suggests that acetoacetate may be converted to glucose through the conversion of acetone to acetol and L-1,2-propanediol. PMID:3933378

  20. Study of Serum Amylase and Serum Cholinesterase in Organophosphorus Poisoning

    Sharan Badiger


    Full Text Available Background: Poisoning due to organophosphorus compounds is most commonly seen. Earlier plasma cholinesterase level was used to assess the severity of poisoning. Presently serum amylase is being recommended as a better indicator of severity. Aims and Objectives: To study plasma cholinesterase and serum amylase levels in acute organophosphorus and to correlate serum amylase levels with clinical severity and outcome. Material and Methods: A total of 80 patients in the study admitted to a tertiary care centre within 24 hours with a history of organophosphorus poisoning were included in study. Estimation of plasma cholinesterase and serum rd amylase was done at the time of admission, and on 3 th day and on 5 day. Results: Occurrence of organophosphorus poisoning was more common among age group 21-30 years and among males (57.5%. They were 25 (31.2% farmers, 23 (28.8% st u d e n ts, a n d 2 2 ( 2 7 . 5% h o u s ewi v e s. Monocrotophos (45.0% was commonly used compound. Mean value of plasma cholinesterase and serum amylase at admission are 3693 U/L, and 185.4 U/L. There was significant inhibition of plasma cholinesterase and elevation of serum amylase at th admission with return to normal values on 5 day. Conclusion: Plasma cholinesterase inhibition 200 U/L has been associated with poor prognosis and proneness to respiratory failure.

  1. Serum Survivin Increases in Prolactinoma

    Dellal, Fatma Dilek; Niyazoglu, Mutlu; Gorar, Suheyla; Ademoglu, Esranur; Candan, Zehra; Bekdemir, Handan; Hacioglu, Yalcin; Kaya, Fatih Oner


    Background Prolactinoma is the most common adult pituitary adenoma. Survivin is a member of the family of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins. Its expression is observed in many tumors. Survivin expression has shown in prolactinoma tissue before but no study exists showing serum survivin level. The aim of the present study was to investigate serum survivin levels in patients with prolactinoma and demonstrate its value in diagnosis of the disease. Methods The group of patients consisted of 25 wom...


    T K Mishra; Shankar, R.; Sharma, I.; P.K. Srivastava


    SUMMARY Serum cholesterol, total triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, VLDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol and total phospholipids were studied in 36 patients of anxiety neurosis and 24 control subjects. Serum triglycerides, VLDL-cholesterol and free-cholesterol were found to be significantly raised while esterified cholesterol WJS significantly lowered in anxiety neurosis. A significant negative correlation was observed between the anxiety score and free cholesterol in ferrule pati...

  3. Serum Calcium Level in Hypertension

    Hazari, Mohammed Abdul Hannan; Arifuddin, Mehnaaz Sameera; Muzzakar, Syed; Reddy, Vontela Devender


    Background: The alterations in extracellular calcium level may influence intracellular calcium level and possibly play a role in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. Aim: The purpose was to find out the association between serum calcium levels and hypertension; and to compare the serum calcium levels between normotensive controls, hypertensive subjects on calcium channel blockers, and hypertensive subjects on antihypertensive medication other than calcium channel blockers. Materials an...

  4. Serum Ferritin in Thalassemia Intermedia

    Shah, Ravi; Trehan, Amita; Das, Reena; R K Marwaha


    Serum ferritin is a useful monitoring tool for iron overload in thalassemia major. In resource poor settings access to modalities for assessment of iron overload are limited. This study was undertaken to assess the efficiency and usefulness of serum ferritin level in thalassemia intermedia (TI) patients. This was a cross sectional observational study. Seventy seven TI patients attending the pediatric hematology clinic were included. Fasting blood sample was taken from each patient in iron fre...

  5. Antifungal Activity of Micafungin in Serum

    Ishikawa, Jun; Maeda, Tetsuo; Matsumura, Itaru; Yasumi, Masato; Ujiie, Hidetoshi; Masaie, Hiroaki; Nakazawa, Tsuyoshi; Mochizuki, Nobuo; Kishino, Satoshi; Kanakura, Yuzuru


    We have evaluated the antifungal activity of micafungin in serum by using the disk diffusion method with serum-free and serum-added micafungin standard curves. Serum samples from micafungin-treated patients have been shown to exhibit adequate antifungal activity, which was in proportion to both the applied dose and the actual concentration of micafungin measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. The antifungal activity of micafungin in serum was also confirmed with the broth microdil...

  6. [Potency determination of horse anti-human-lymphocyte serum (ALS) by means of the lymphocyte resistance test, a modification of Schroder's leukocyte resistance test].

    Mundt, B; Preussner, S; Frick, G; Bast, G


    The leukocyte resistance test of Schröder was used for the purpose of modifying the in vitro determination of cytotoxic potency of ALS during the course of immunization. In contrast to the original method, where the test was carried out with whole blood, the incubation was made with pure lymphocyte cell suspensions. The results obtained show that the extensive procedure of examination enables the cytotoxic effectiveness of antilymphocytic antibodies to be evaluated. PMID:54295

  7. Serum ferritin in liver and bone malignancy

    Serum ferritin concentration is increased during iron overload, however, during chronic infection and malignant diseases as well. In 383 patients with proven malignancy or suspicion of a malignant disease liver and/or bone scans were performed and serum ferritin was measured in addition. Although there exists a certain linkage between the tumorous disease and serum ferritin level, a definite correlation does not exist. Furthermore serum ferritin is not a measure to differentiate between infectious and malignant diseases. (orig.)

  8. Increased serum potassium affects renal outcomes

    Miao, Y; Dobre, D; Heerspink, H J Lambers; Brenner, B M; Cooper, M E; Parving, Hans-Henrik Dyring; Shahinfar, S; Grobbee, D; de Zeeuw, D


    To assess the effect of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) on serum potassium and the effect of a serum potassium change on renal outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy.......To assess the effect of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) on serum potassium and the effect of a serum potassium change on renal outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy....

  9. Serum calcium in pulmonary tuberculosis

    Subhash C. Sharma


    Serum calcium was studied serially in 94 patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. An equal number of age- and sex-matched patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were controls. Seventy patients in the study group were normocalcaemic and 10 were hypercalcaemic. These 10 were on a higher supplement of vitamin D than the 70 normocalcaemic patients. There was a positive correlation between the daily vitamin intake and the degree and duration of hypercalcaemia. None of the controls...

  10. Serum neopterin levels in alcoholic liver disease.

    González-Reimers, E; Santolaria-Fernández, F; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, E; Rodríguez-Moreno, F; Martínez-Riera, A; Milena-Abril, A; González-García, C


    Serum neopterin levels have been determined by RIA in 105 patients affected by chronic alcoholic liver disease, 68 of them cirrhotics, and in 12 controls. Serum Neopterin was significantly higher in patients than in controls, correlated with Pughs' score and Child's classification, and also with serum laminin and type III collagen N-terminal propeptide, and with histomorphometrically determined liver fibrosis. Serum neopterin levels were higher in patients who died than in survivors, serum neopterin levels over 19.15 nmol/l being associated with higher mortality rates. PMID:8261879

  11. Ação do soro de cabra anti-soro de coelho imunizado ou não com células linfóides do doador sobre o alotransplante cardíaco em ratos: immunosupression of goat antiserum against rabbit serum immunized or not with donor lymphoid cells Cardiac allograft in rats

    Haylton Jorge Suaid


    rejeição aguda dos corações transplantados não apresentaram anticorpos citotóxicos circulantes. O fator causador do bloqueio parace n��o estar vinculado aos bloqueios de citotoxicidade "in vitro" e do teor de precepitinas do SAL.OBJECTIVE: To study the immunosupression efficacy an specific anti-antilymphocytic serum prepared in goats in a model of cardiac allografts in rats. METHODS: Three rabbits were immunized with lymphoid cells obtained from mesenteric lymphatic nodes of Wistar rats. Each one received subcutaneously 3x10(9 cells mixed with Freund's adjuvant. After 2 weeks, they were injected with the same amount of cells at weekly intervals for 4 additional times. In the 5th week they were bled and their serum were mixed. This serum, which had a cytotoxic titer of 1:1024, was used to immunize 2 goats that gave rise to the anti-antilymphocytic serum (AAS-1 and AAS-2. As control we immunized 1 additional goat with normal rabbit serum (ANS. The gel diffusion technique (AAS x rabbit serum showed precipitation bands against till the following dilution: AAS-1 - 1/64, AAS-2 - 1/128 and ANS 1/124. Both AAS were able to block the in vitro lymphocytotoxity of goat antilymphocytic serum till dilution of 1:2 while ANS did not. The hearts from Wistar rats (donors were transplanted in Holtzman rats. The transplanted rats were divide in groups: C1 - 11 animals (control that received no serum; C2 - 5 animals (control that received 1ml of goat normal serum; A- 19 animals - A1 with 5 rats injected intravenously in the day of surgery with 0.5ml of AAS-1, A2 with 7 rats injected with 1ml of AAS-1 only in the of surgery, and A3 with 7 rats that received 1ml of AAS-1 in days 0, 1 and 2 postoperatively; and group B with 19 rats (B1, B2 and B3 treated as group A except with the AAS-2 serum. RESULTS: Mean heart survival in groups C1 and C2 was respectively 11.9 and 14.6 days Survival range in the subgroups A1 and A2 were respectively 9 to 230 days and 23 to 230 days. In subgroup A

  12. Bone mineralisation in premature infants cannot be predicted from serum alkaline phosphatase or serum phosphate

    Faerk, J; Peitersen, Birgit; Petersen, S; Michaelsen, K F


    BACKGROUND: The bone mineral content of premature infants at term is lower than in mature infants at the same postconceptional age. Serum alkaline phosphatase and serum phosphate are often used as indicators of bone mineralisation. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between bone mineral content...... and serum alkaline phosphatase and serum phosphate. METHODS: Serum alkaline phosphatase and phosphate were measured at weekly intervals during admission in 108 premature infants of gestational age below 32 weeks (mean (SD) gestational age 29 (2) weeks; mean (SD) birth weight 1129 (279) g). Bone...... alkaline phosphatase (p = 0.8), peak serum alkaline phosphatase (p = 0.5), or mean serum phosphate (p = 0.2) at term. CONCLUSION:Routine measurements of serum alkaline phosphatase and serum phosphate are of no use in predicting bone mineralisation outcome in premature infants....

  13. Serum creatine phosphokinase in thyroid disorders

    Ranka, Rashmi; Mathur, Rati


    The decreased serum levels of triiodothyroinine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) in hypothyroid patients is well established but whether there is any correlation of creatinephosphokinase (CPK) with hypothyroidism is not well established. There is a paucity of reference on this study. Therefore a study of serum CPK and thyroid profile was carried out in thyroid diseases. In hypothyroid patients T3, T4 levels in serum were found to be lowered with an increase level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) a...

  14. Radioimmunoassay of thyrotropin concentrated from serum

    Nisula, B.C.; Louvet, J.P.


    A method for concentrating human TSH (hTSH) from serum for use in RIAs is described. The method takes advantage of the affinity of the plant lectin, concanavalin A, for the carbohydrate portion of the hTSH molecule. The hTSH from 2.5 ml serum was adsorbed to concanavalin A covalently linked to sepharose and then radioimmunoassayed using the hTSH antiserum and hTSH for iodination distributed by the National Pituitary Agency. For the RIA standard curve, the hTSH reference preparation was concentrated from a serum wwith undetectable hTSH in order to correct for recovery and to control for nonspecific effects. The percentage of serum hTSH extracted from 2.5 ml serum with the concentration procedure was 76.6 +- 3.4% (mean +- SD). The coefficient of correlation between serum hTSH, determined with the concentration procedure, and serum hTSH determined without was 0.979 (P < 0.001). Over 95% of normal adult men and women had detectable levels of serum hTSH, ranging from < 0.56 to 4.0 The mean of detectable serum hTSH levels in normal adult women (n = 11) was 1.54 +- 1.03 (mean +- SD) and in normal men (n = 9) was 2.02 +- 1.15 (mean +- SD). Clinically hyperthyroid patients with diffuse and nodular toxic goiters (n = 8) and patients with hypothyroidism secondary to pituitary disease (n = 6), four of whom were taking replacement doses of thyroid hormone, had undetectable serum hTSH levels. Serum hTSH in patients with primary hypothyroidism uniformly exceeded the normal range. This hTSH concentrating procedure enhances the effective sensitivity and, therefore, the clinical utility of the RIA for hTSH in serum.

  15. Serum pancreatic lipase activity in cystic fibrosis.

    Junglee, D; Penketh, A; Katrak, A; Hodson, M.E.; Batten, J C; Dandona, P


    Patients with cystic fibrosis have been found to have abnormal serum concentrations of immunoreactive trypsin and abnormal activities of pancreatic isoamylase. A study was undertaken to discover whether activity of pancreatic lipase is also altered in cystic fibrosis. Serum from 23 patients with cystic fibrosis was assayed for immunoreactive trypsin and pancreatic lipase. Median serum pancreatic lipase activity was significantly lower in patients with cystic fibrosis than in controls, as was ...

  16. Relative binding affinity of diethylstilbestrol to uterine nuclear estrogen receptor: effect of serum and serum albumin

    The relative binding affinity (RBA) of tritium labelled diethylstilbestrol (DES) was determined in nuclear fractions of rat uterus. DES displayed a two- to threefold greater affinity than estradiol for nuclear E receptor. The RBA of DES to nuclear E receptor was lowered significantly in the presence of rat serum (43 +/- 1) or human serum (52 +/- 7). Dilution of human serum resulted in a progressive increase in the RBA of DES which approached that observed in the absence of serum. Addition of purified human serum albumin mimicked the decrease in RBA of DES that was observed with serum. The IC50 of estradiol was not changed in the presence of either rat serum or albumin. These data show that DES possesses a greater affinity for nuclear E receptor than estradiol and that serum albumin can modulate DES binding to uterine E receptor

  17. Bone mineralisation in premature infants cannot be predicted from serum alkaline phosphatase or serum phosphate

    Faerk, J; Peitersen, Birgit; Petersen, S; Michaelsen, K F


    BACKGROUND: The bone mineral content of premature infants at term is lower than in mature infants at the same postconceptional age. Serum alkaline phosphatase and serum phosphate are often used as indicators of bone mineralisation. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between bone mineral content...... and serum alkaline phosphatase and serum phosphate. METHODS: Serum alkaline phosphatase and phosphate were measured at weekly intervals during admission in 108 premature infants of gestational age below 32 weeks (mean (SD) gestational age 29 (2) weeks; mean (SD) birth weight 1129 (279) g). Bone...... mineral content was measured at term (mean gestational age 41 weeks) by dual energy x ray absorptiometry and corrected for body size. RESULTS: Serum alkaline phosphatase was significantly negatively associated with serum phosphate (p < 0.001). Bone mineral content was not associated with mean serum...

  18. Bone mineralisation in premature infants cannot be predicted from serum alkaline phosphatase or serum phosphate

    Faerk, J; Peitersen, B; Petersen, S; Michaelsen, K


    Background: The bone mineral content of premature infants at term is lower than in mature infants at the same postconceptional age. Serum alkaline phosphatase and serum phosphate are often used as indicators of bone mineralisation.

  19. Serum Trace Element Concentrations in Rheumatoid Arthritis.

    Sahebari, Maryam; Ayati, Razie; Mirzaei, Hamed; Sahebkar, Amirhossein; Hejazi, Sepideh; Saghafi, Massoud; Saadati, Nayyereh; Ferns, Gordon A; Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid


    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a condition that is associated with oxidative stress. Serum trace elements and their related transport proteins, e.g., albumin and ceruloplasmin, play an important role in the antioxidant defense. Trace element status may therefore be involved in the pathogenesis of RA or be affected by the disease activity of this chronic inflammatory condition. The study participants were 110 patients with RA and 100 sex- and age-matched healthy volunteers. Serum concentrations of albumin, ceruloplasmin, selenium, zinc, copper, and zinc/copper ratio were measured in all subjects. The relationship between these parameters and disease activity score was also assessed. Lower concentrations of serum Alb, Zn, and Se were independently related to disease activity index. High concentrations of serum copper were associated with the presence of RA. Serum Cu concentrations were positively related to disease activity as assessed by the disease activity score. Low serum concentrations of Zn and Se, and high serum Cu concentrations may be associated with the presence of RA or be a consequence of this condition. Of the trace elements that were investigated in the present study, only serum Cu was positively correlated with disease activity. PMID:26450515

  20. Serum-proteomics in melanoma patients

    The project Serum-proteomics in melanoma patients funded by 'Programma Oncologico Italia-USA' Oncoproteomica has the general aim to collect serum samples from melanoma patients and to analyze the expression profile of several cytokines, in order to identify whether significant differences are evident between patients and controls, or among different patients subgroups with different staging or therapy

  1. Serum paraoxonase 1 activity in dogs

    Rossi, Gabriele; Giordano, Alessia; Pezzia, Francesca;


    Serum activity of paraoxonase (PON1) decreases during inflammation in many species. Little information is available on paraoxon-based tests and the possible role of PON1 in dogs.......Serum activity of paraoxonase (PON1) decreases during inflammation in many species. Little information is available on paraoxon-based tests and the possible role of PON1 in dogs....

  2. Serum triglycerides and risk of cardiovascular disease.

    Boullart, I.; Graaf, J. de; Stalenhoef, A.F.H.


    Dyslipidemia, especially elevated serum levels of cholesterol, is causally related to cardiovascular disease. The specific role of triglycerides has long been controversial. In this article we discuss the role of serum triglycerides in relation to the risk of cardiovascular disease. First, the (path

  3. Serum thyroglobulin in management of thyroid cancer

    Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels were evaluated before surgery in 36 patients having primary carcinoma of the thyroid and in 603 follow-up patients having differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Serum Tg was elevated in 88.85% of the patients before operation. Amongst the 603 patients analysed, 67 had residual thyroid tissue in the neck region, 259 showed the presence of disease and 277 were free of disease. The false positive rate obtained by serum Tg determination in the disease free group was 14.1% while the false negative rate in the group with disease was 11.7%, making the sensitivity and specificity of serum Tg determination 88.3% and 85.9%, respectively. The median serum Tg levels in patients with metastatic spread in nodes, lungs and bones were 127,581 and 1721 ng/mL, respectively. A comparative analysis of serum Tg determination and whole body radioiodine scanning in 244 patients showed the sensitivity to be 88.5% and 80.7%, respectively. The detection rate was increased to 95.1% by combining both modalities. Serum Tg determination appeared to be more sensitive than whole body scanning. The evaluation of serum Tg determination while patients were on thyroid hormone therapy and in a hypothyroid state indicated that though the sensitivity of detection of cancer increased in the hypothyroid state, this advantage appeared to be marginal in comparison with the morbidity and with the cost effectiveness of whole body radioiodine scanning. (author)

  4. Blood serum atherogenicity and coronary artery calcification.

    Sobenin, Igor A; Myasoedova, Veronica A; Anisimova, Elena V; Pavlova, Xenia N; Möhlenkamp, Stefan; Schmermund, Axel; Seibel, Rainer; Berenbein, Sina; Lehmann, Nils; Moebus, Susanne; Jöckel, KarlHeinz; Orekhov, Alexander N; Erbel, Raimund


    The phenomenon of blood serum atherogenicity was described as the ability of human serum to induce lipid accumulation in cultured cells. The results of recent two-year prospective study in asymptomatic men provided the evidence for association between the changes in serum atherogenicity and dynamics of carotid intima-media thickness progression. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that blood serum atherogenicity and its changes in dynamics may be associated with accumulation of coronary calcium in subclinical atherosclerosis. It was performed in 782 CHD-free participants of The Heinz Nixdorf RECALL (Risk Factors, Evaluation of Coronary Calcium and Lifestyle) Study, in whom blood samples have been taken at the baseline and at the end of 5-year follow-up. Opposite to the previous findings, the changes in serum atherogenicity did not correlate neither with the extent of coronary artery calcification, nor with the changes in Agatston CAC score. There was a moderate but significant rise in serum atherogenicity after 5-year followup period, and the same dynamics was observed for Agatston CAC score, but not for convenient lipid-related risk factors. The absence of association of the changes in serum atherogenicity with the changes in Agatston CAC score, along with previous findings, provides a point of view that serum-induced intracellular cholesterol accumulation is not related to the processes of calcium deposition in arterial wall, since the last one reflects the progression of already existing subclinical atherosclerotic lesions. PMID:24533940

  5. Serum release boosts sweetness intensity in gels

    Sala, G.; Stieger, M.A.; Velde, van de F.


    This paper describes the effect of serum release on sweetness intensity in mixed whey protein isolate/gellan gum gels. The impact of gellan gum and sugar concentration on microstructure, permeability, serum release and large deformation properties of the gels was determined. With increasing gellan g

  6. Tumor and serum ferritin in breast cancer

    In order to assess whether serum ferritin may be considered as a tumoral marker in breast cancer, we have measured in 38 patients the contents of ferritin in the tumor and the pre- and postoperative ferritin concentrations in serum. The study of isoferritins by iso-electric focusing was also performed in tumor extracts and in the corresponding sera

  7. Radioimmunoassay for serum 11-deoxy-17-ketosteroids

    A simplified method for evaluating serum 11-deoxy-17-ketosteroids (11-deoxy-17-KS) equivalent to dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) has been developed without solvolysis and chromatography. Blood serum or plasma (5 mu l) was added to 1 ml of ethanol, mixed, and centrifuged, and 10 or 20 mu l of the supernatant was evaporated to dryness and incubated with anti-11-deoxy-17-KS antiserum obtained by immunizing a rabbit with DHEA-3.O. CO-BSA which was prepared from DHEA-3.O.COCl and containing DHEAS-7α3H, pepsin-treated human immune serum globulin and bovine serum albumin. Ammonium sulfate was used to separate free from bound DHEAS-7α3H. The accuracy, precision and sensitivity were satisfactory. The blank values could not be differentiated from zero. As the antiserum reacted not only on DHEAS but also on androsterone sulfate and etiocholanolone sulfate, serum 11-deoxy-17KS obtained by the radioimmunoassay expressed nearly the sum of 100 percent of DHEAS, 45 percent of androsterone sulfate and 35 percent of etiocholanolone sulfate in the serum. A good correlation was found between serum 11-deoxy-17-KS and DHEAS obtained by the radioimmunoassay described in a previous paper. The present radioimmunoassay is the simplest method for the evaluation of the concentrations of C19 steroids in the serum. (auth)

  8. Serum Protein Profile Alterations in Hemodialysis Patients

    Murphy, G A; Davies, R W; Choi, M W; Perkins, J; Turteltaub, K W; McCutchen-Maloney, S L; Langlois, R G; Curzi, M P; Trebes, J E; Fitch, J P; Dalmasso, E A; Colston, B W; Ying, Y; Chromy, B A


    Background: Serum protein profiling patterns can reflect the pathological state of a patient and therefore may be useful for clinical diagnostics. Here, we present results from a pilot study of proteomic expression patterns in hemodialysis patients designed to evaluate the range of serum proteomic alterations in this population. Methods: Surface-Enhanced Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (SELDI-TOFMS) was used to analyze serum obtained from patients on periodic hemodialysis treatment and healthy controls. Serum samples from patients and controls were first fractionated into six eluants on a strong anion exchange column, followed by application to four array chemistries representing cation exchange, anion exchange, metal affinity and hydrophobic surfaces. A total of 144 SELDI-TOF-MS spectra were obtained from each serum sample. Results: The overall profiles of the patient and control samples were consistent and reproducible. However, 30 well-defined protein differences were observed; 15 proteins were elevated and 15 were decreased in patients compared to controls. Serum from one patient exhibited novel protein peaks suggesting possible additional changes due to a secondary disease process. Conclusion: SELDI-TOF-MS demonstrated dramatic serum protein profile differences between patients and controls. Similarity in protein profiles among dialysis patients suggests that patient physiological responses to end-stage renal disease and/or dialysis therapy have a major effect on serum protein profiles.

  9. Correlation of Serum Magnesium with Serum Parathormone Levels in Patients on Regular Hemodialysis

    Baradaran Azar


    Full Text Available Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT is a common, important, and treatable complication of end-stage renal disease. This study was conducted to investigate the role of serum magnesium (Mg in regulating the secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH by the parathyroid gland in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD. Pre-dialysis serum levels of calcium (Ca, phosphorus (P, Mg, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, intact serum PTH (iPTH, serum 25-hydroxy Vitamin D (25-OH Vit D and plasma bicarbonate (HCO3 were measured. The Urea Reduction Rate as well as duration and dosage of HD treatment were noted. Our study did not show any significant correlation between serum Mg levels and duration of HD treatment, levels of serum ALP, and plasma HCO3, Ca and P. An inverse correlation, albeit insignificant, was found between the serum Mg levels and iPTH (r=-0.30 p=0.079; also, a significant positive correlation was found between serum Mg levels and serum 25-OH Vit D levels (r= 0.40 p= 0.009. Our findings are in agreement with previous data, which suggest that factors other than serum Mg are more important in the regulation of PTH secretion in HD patients. A positive and strong association between serum Mg with 25-OH Vit D needs to be studied in greater detail.




    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones regulate Basal Metabolic Rate (BM R and calorigenesis in tissues, including hepatocytes and thereby modulate hepatic function. The liver in turn metabolizes the thyroid hormones and regula tes their systemic endocrine effect. Raised serum transaminase activities in absence of any ove rt liver dysfunction can therefore be attributed to primary thyroid dysfunction. The aim o f this study is to assess the impairment in liver function by estimating serum Aspartate Transam inase (AST and Alanine Transaminase (ALT in patients with hypothyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 patients diagnosed with thyroid disorders irrespective of duration of t he disease and treatment were taken as cases and 50 healthy adults were taken as control. Estim ation of T3, T4, TSH, serum AST and serum ALT were carried out. RESULTS: Serum AST and serum ALT were within reference rang e in both cases and controls. CONCLUSION: The likelihood of abnormal serum transaminases lev els in hypothyroid patients is minimal. Early detection and better management of the thyroid diseases in recent times might be attributed as one of the factors for the same

  11. Serum Prolactin in Diagnosis of Epileptic Seizures

    J Gordon Millichap


    Full Text Available The results of studies in databases and references concerning serum prolactin levels (PRL in patients with suspected seizures were rated for quality and analyzed by members of the Therapeutics Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology.

  12. Measurement of ferritin in serum by radioimmunoassay

    A method for the measurement of circulating ferritin concentrations by direct radioimmunoassay is presented. The method described is simple to operate, precise, and sensitive and is suitable for the routine diagnostic measurement of ferritin in either plasma or serum. (author)

  13. Strain-specific renal toxicity of heterologous antilymphocyte [gamma]-globulin in mice7

    Cohen, B.J.; Vries, M.J. de; Noord, M.J. van; Lubbe, F.H.


    Severe glomerulonephritis followed one to five weekly i.p. injections in TLFM mice of rabbit antimouse lymphocyte [gamma]-globulin (ALG). Glomerulonephritis did not occur in C57BL mice subjected to the same regimen. Administration of normal rabbit [gamma]-globulin (NRG) to RFM mice also caused renal

  14. Kadar Asam Urat Serum sebagai Biomarker Preeklamsi

    Neli Sumanti; Noormartany; Muhammad Alamsyah; Tiene Rostini


    Preeclampsia remains a health problem that becomes one of the causes of maternal deaths besides bleeding and infection. The etiology and pathogenesis of preeclampsia are unclear. Increased serum uric acid levels is seen simultaneously with the increase of blood pressure and occurred before the onset of proteinuria. Therefore, the uric acid can be used as a biomarker. The aim of this study was to analyze the serum uric acid levels between normal and preeclampsia pregnancies. The study was cond...

  15. Serum leptin in renal transplant patients

    Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud; Nasri, Hamid


    Leptin is a small peptide hormone that is mainly produced in adipose tissues. Leptin plays animportant role in regulating appetite and energy expenditure and may be involved in modulatingbone mineralization. This study was designed to test the association of serum leptin kidneyfunction in renal transplant recipients. We studied 72 kidney transplanted recipients. In thisstudy a significant difference of serum leptin between males and females with higher values infemales was seen (p>0.05). Ther...

  16. Serum proteins analysis by capillary electrophoresis

    Uji, Yoshinori; Okabe, Hiroaki


    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of multi-capillary electrophoresis instrument in clinical laboratory. An automated clinical capillary electrophoresis system was evaluated for performing serum proteins electrophoresis and immuno-fixation electrophoresis by subtraction. In this study the performance of capillary electrophoresis was compared with the cellulose acetate membrane electrophoresis and agarose gel immunofixation electrophoresis for serum proteins. The results of...

  17. Clinical value of serum immunoreactive trypsin concentration

    Ruddell, W S J


    The clinical value of estimation of serum concentrations of immunoreactive trypsin was evaluated by studying 46 healthy controls, 23 controls in hospital, 44 patients with chronic pancreatic disease, and 184 patients with non-pancreatic conditions in which pancreatic disease commonly enters into the differential diagnosis. Serum trypsin concentration had a log normal distribution in the controls, and the calculated normal range was considerably wider than that previously reported. The concent...

  18. Serum ferritin concentration in sickle cell crisis.

    Brownell, A; Lowson, S; Brozović, M


    Serum ferritin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase and hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBD) were studied during 21 vaso-occlusive crises in 12 adults with sickle cell disease (11 SS, 1 S beta degrees). The patients comprised three groups: those who had been untransfused (4), those who had received occasional exchange transfusion in crisis (3), and those who had been multiply transfused (5). Serum ferritin concentrations in crisis were compared with those of the steady state...

  19. Medical Costs of Abnormal Serum Sodium Levels

    Shea, Alisa M.; Hammill, Bradley G.; Curtis, Lesley H.; Szczech, Lynda A.; Schulman, Kevin A


    An abnormal serum sodium level is the most common electrolyte disorder in the United States and can have a significant impact on morbidity and mortality. The direct medical costs of abnormal serum sodium levels are not well understood. The impact of hyponatremia and hypernatremia on 6-mo and 1-yr direct medical costs was examined by analyzing data from the Integrated HealthCare Information Services National Managed Care Benchmark Database. During the period analyzed, there were 1274 patients ...

  20. Hypoxemia increases serum interleukin-6 in humans

    Klausen, T; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal; Poulsen, T D; Richalet, J P; Pedersen, B K


    level to 3.10 (1.65), 4.71 (2.81), and 3,54 (2.17) pg x ml(-1) during the first three days at altitude, and to 9.96 (8.90) pg x ml(-1) on the fourth day at altitude (ANOVA p = 0.002). No changes occurred in serum concentrations of IL-1 beta, IL-1ra, TNF alpha, or CRP. The serum IL-6 were related to SaO2...

  1. Serum Adiponectin in Women with Gestational Diabetes


    Background &Objective: Adiponectin is an adipose tissue adipokin that may contribute to obesity and insulin resistantance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between serum concentrations of adiponectin and insulin resistance in gestational diabetes (GDM).Materials & Methods: Serum adiponectin levels, fasting blood sugar (FBS), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), insulin levels and blood lipids were measured in 66 women with GDM and 70 pregnant women without GDM. The associations ...

  2. Serum Biochemical Phenotypes in the Domestic Dog

    Chang, Yu-Mei; Hadox, Erin; Szladovits, Balazs; Garden, Oliver A.


    The serum or plasma biochemical profile is essential in the diagnosis and monitoring of systemic disease in veterinary medicine, but current reference intervals typically take no account of breed-specific differences. Breed-specific hematological phenotypes have been documented in the domestic dog, but little has been published on serum biochemical phenotypes in this species. Serum biochemical profiles of dogs in which all measurements fell within the existing reference intervals were retrieved from a large veterinary database. Serum biochemical profiles from 3045 dogs were retrieved, of which 1495 had an accompanying normal glucose concentration. Sixty pure breeds plus a mixed breed control group were represented by at least 10 individuals. All analytes, except for sodium, chloride and glucose, showed variation with age. Total protein, globulin, potassium, chloride, creatinine, cholesterol, total bilirubin, ALT, CK, amylase, and lipase varied between sexes. Neutering status significantly impacted all analytes except albumin, sodium, calcium, urea, and glucose. Principal component analysis of serum biochemical data revealed 36 pure breeds with distinctive phenotypes. Furthermore, comparative analysis identified 23 breeds with significant differences from the mixed breed group in all biochemical analytes except urea and glucose. Eighteen breeds were identified by both principal component and comparative analysis. Tentative reference intervals were generated for breeds with a distinctive phenotype identified by comparative analysis and represented by at least 120 individuals. This is the first large-scale analysis of breed-specific serum biochemical phenotypes in the domestic dog and highlights potential genetic components of biochemical traits in this species. PMID:26919479

  3. Neuroticism, depressive symptoms, and serum BDNF

    Terracciano, Antonio; Lobina, Monia; Piras, Maria Grazia; Mulas, Antonella; Cannas, Alessandra; Meirelles, Osorio; Sutin, Angelina R.; Zonderman, Alan B; Uda, Manuela; Crisponi, Laura; Schlessinger, David


    Objective Animal models and clinical studies suggest that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in the pathophysiology of depression. We test whether serum and plasma levels of BDNF are associated with trait Neuroticism and its facets, and with state measure of depressive symptoms. Method In a community-based cohort (N = 2099) we measured serum and plasma BDNF concentration, administered the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Covariates included age, sex, cigarette smoking, obesity, and antidepressant use. Results Serum BDNF concentrations were inversely related to Neuroticism (r = −0.074, P < 0.001), in particular the Depression facet (r = −0.08, P < 0.001). Lower BDNF concentrations were also associated with severe depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 28; OR = 0.906; 95%CI = 0.851–0.965). The association of serum BDNF with Neuroticism was independent of depressive symptoms, indicating that serum BDNF might represent a biological correlate of Neuroticism and not just of transient depressive states. Plasma BDNF was not associated with measures of depression. Conclusions Our study suggests that lower serum BDNF is associated with both a dispositional vulnerability to depression and acute depressive states in the general population. PMID:21949427

  4. Gamma-glutamyl transferase activity in fetal serum, maternal serum, and amniotic fluid during gestation.

    Moniz, C; Nicolaides, K H; Keys, D.; Rodeck, C H


    Gamma-glutamyl transferase activity was measured in fetal serum, maternal serum, and amniotic fluid in 173 pregnancies from 15 to 40 weeks' gestation. Fetal serum was obtained in the second trimester by fetoscopy and in the third trimester by umbilical cord puncture at caesarian section or vaginal delivery. Enzyme activities in maternal blood (10 IU/1, SD 2) and fetal blood (88 IU/1, SD 20) remained relatively constant throughout gestation, whereas in the amniotic fluid there was a significan...

  5. Study of serum fucose and serum sialic acid levels in oral squamous cell carcinomia.

    Shashikanth M; Rao B


    Serum fucose and sialic acid levels were determined in 50 oral cancer patients and 25 healthy controls. A statistically significant increase was noted in the study group. The increase in serum fucose level correlated well with the clinical staging in the study group whereas sialic acid did not. These values were independent of age, sex and histopathological grading. The result suggest that the serum fucose level is a better biochemical tumor marker than sialic acid level. However its usefulne...

  6. Serum Ferritin Is Inversely Correlated with Serum Adiponectin Level: Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

    Bon-Jeong Ku; Seul-Young Kim; Tae-Yong Lee; Kang-Seo Park


    Background: The serum concentrations of ferritin and adiponectin are associated with several metabolic disorders and have been used as predictors of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. But there have been no reports demonstrating a direct correlation between serum ferritin and adiponectin levels. We performed this study to evaluate the association between serum ferritin and adiponectin concentrations. Subjects and methods: We evaluated a total of 995 subjects from the Korea Rural Genom...

  7. HIV and other predictors of serum folate, serum ferritin, and hemoglobin in pregnancy

    Friis, Henrik; Gomo, E; Kæstel, Pernille;


    Harare, Zimbabwe, who were receiving prenatal care. The statistical effects of age, season, gestational age, gravidity, HIV-1 infection, malaria parasitemia, and serum alpha1-antichymotrypsin (ACT) on serum folate, serum ferritin (log10 transformed), and hemoglobin were estimated by using multiple linear...... regression analyses. RESULTS: Serum folate (x: 11.4 micromol/L) was 0.52-nmol/L (95% CI: 0.04, 1.0) lower in HIV-infected women than in uninfected women and 0.65-nmol/L (0.014, 1.28) lower in weeks 25-35 than in weeks 22-25. Serum ferritin (geometric x: 11.6 microg/L) was 0.93 times (0.86, 0.99) lower in HIV...... predictor of serum folate, serum ferritin, and hemoglobin. HIV infection was associated with a 12.9-g/L (8.9, 16.8) lower hemoglobin concentration in women with nondepleted iron stores but low serum retinol and a 7-8-g/L lower hemoglobin concentration in women with other combinations of serum ferritin and...

  8. Fluorimetric determination of cholesterol in hypercholesterolemia serum

    Lan, Xiufeng; Liu, Jiangang; Liu, Ying; Luo, Xiaosen; Lu, Jian; Ni, Xiaowu


    With the increase of people"s living standard and the changes of living form, the number of people who suffer from hypercholesterolemia is increasing. It is not only harmful to heart and blood vessel, but also leading to obstruction of cognition. The conventional blood detection technology has weakness such as complex operation, long detecting period, and bad visibility. In order to develop a new detection method that can checkout hypercholesterolemia conveniently, spectroscopy of cholesterol in hypercholesterolemia serum is obtained by the multifunctional grating spectrograph. The experiment results indicate that, under the excitation of light-emitting diode (LED) with the wavelength at 407 nm, the serum from normal human and the hypercholesterolemia serum emit different fluorescence spectra. The former can emit one fluorescence region with the peak locating at 516 nm while the latter can emit two more regions with peaks locating at 560 nm and 588 nm. Moreover, the fluorescence intensity of serum is non-linear increasing with the concentration of cholesterol increases when the concentration of cholesterol is lower than 13.8 mmol/L, and then, with the concentration of cholesterol increase, the fluorescence intensity decreases. However, the fluorescence intensity is still much higher than that of serum from normal human. Conclusions can be educed from the experiments: the intensity and the shape of fluorescence spectra of hypercholesterolemia serum are different of those of normal serum, from which the cholesterol abnormal in blood can be judged. The consequences in this paper may offer an experimental reference for the diagnosis of the hypercholesterolemia.

  9. Serum prolactin level in patients taking olanzapine

    Diganta Das


    Full Text Available Introduction: Olanzapine is a commonly used antipsychotic. Prolactin elevation is a common adverse effect of anstipsychotics, and serum prolactin elevation is seen in about 30% patients treated with olanzapine. There are confounding results about dose dependency of olanzapine and prolactin elevation, and also the duration of treatment. Method: Fifty six patients, 36 male and 20 female, who were taking olanzapine for any condition for more than a month at a constant dose were enrolled in the study. Patients’ age, weight, body mass index (BMI, serum prolactin levels, and some biochemical values were recorded. Patients were taken from the review outpatient department (OPD after due consent. Results: Five each in male and female groups showed elevation of serum prolactin (estimated to be high if >20 ng/dl for males, and >25 ng/dl for females. In females, the elevation was found at lesser dose of olanzapine (13 mg/day, in males 18 mg/day and early in the treatment (2.4 months vs. 9.7 months in males. Males tended to show raised prolactin with higher doses of olanzapine (mean 18 mg/day. Females (26.31% also showed higher prevalence of prolactin elevation compared to males (13.51%. No other parameter was found to modify the prolactin levels. Conclusion: Olanzapine causes elevation of serum prolactin, though lesser degree than some other antipsychotics. Females are more prone to have raised serum prolactin with olanzapine compared to males. However, the elevation seems to be transient. Higher doses of olanzapine tend to cause elevation of serum prolactin. Serum prolactin estimation in patients taking olanzapine may be undertaken to maintain quality life, particularly in females.

  10. Serum hyaluronan levels in oral cancer patients


    Background Hyaluronan(HA)is most likely associated with tumor invasion and metastasis.Studies have shown that HA levels are often increased in serum of patients with various malignant tumors.The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of serum hyaluronan in patients with oral cancer and evaluate the value of serum HA in adjuvant diagnosis,staging and monitoring treatment response in these patients.Methods Eighty-four hospitalized patients with oral cancer,65 patients with benign tumors in the oral and maxillofacial region and 67 healthy individuals were included in this investigation.Venous blood was collected from these patients and the healthy individuals before therapy.One week after therapy,venous blood was collected once again in 43 patients with oral cancer.Serum samples were obtained and serum HA levels examined.Results The serum HA concentration was significantly higher in oral cancer patients than in patients with benign tumors and in healthy controls(P<0.05).The serum HA level in patients with stages Ⅲ and Ⅳ disease was higher than in patients with stages Ⅰ and Ⅱ disease,but there was no significant difference in the HA level between stages Ⅰ and Ⅱ nor between stages Ⅲ and Ⅳ(P>0.05).After a complete treatment the HA levels in patients with oral cancer became lower than before treatment,but the difference was not significant(P>0.05).Conclusions The results of this study suggest that the determination of HA levels may provide additional information in diagnosis of oral cancer,but its usefulness as an adjunct in clinical staging and in monitoring treatment response was limited.

  11. Association of serum uric acid with blood urea and serum creatinine

    Background: Hyperuricemia can cause serious health problems including renal insufficiency. Hyperuricemia is associated with many diseases including Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertriglyceridemia and Obesity. Objective of the present study was to study the Association of Serum Uric Acid with Blood Urea and Serum Creatinine. Methods: Eighty subjects, aged above 40, having blood urea more than 40 mg/dl and serum Creatinine more than 1.3 mg/dl were selected. 52.5 % subjects were male. Eighty subjects were selected as control group matching the age and sex with study group with normal blood urea and serum Creatinine. Results: Serum Uric Acid was found to be raised in 33 patients. Mean Serum Uric Acid value was 6.98+-2.021 in males (p<0.05) and 5.054+-2.324 in females (p<0.05). Conclusion: Serum Uric Acid is raised in patients with impaired renal function (p<0.05). Levels of increased Serum Uric Acid were not significantly associated with the cause of renal disease. (author)

  12. Serum cardiac troponin I in acute stroke is related to serum cortisol and TNF-alpha

    Christensen, Hanne Krarup; Johannesen, Helle Hjorth; Christensen, Anders Fogh; Bendtzen, Klaus; Boysen, Gudrun Margrethe


    Serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a specific marker of myocardial injury related to in-patient fatality and cardiac injury in acute stroke. We investigated whether cTnI in acute stroke is related to serum cortisol, acute inflammatory response, and insular damage. We also investigated whether c...




    In order to gain more insight into the association between alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and fetal chromosomal disorders, especially Down's syndrome, we measured AFP in fetal serum, amniotic fluid, and maternal serum at cordocentesis. We compared the concentration and gradient of AFP in these three compar

  14. Serum bleomycin-detectable iron in patients with thalassemia major with normal range of serum iron.

    Han,Khin Ei


    Full Text Available "Free" iron, a potentially radical-generating low mass iron, and not found in normal human blood, was increased in the serum of blood-transfused thalassemia major patients seen in the Yangon General Hospital, Yangon, Myanmar (Burma. The low mass iron was detected by the bleomycin assay. Fifty-one blood samples were analyzed (from 28 males and 23 females. High "free" iron was detected in 47 sera samples from thalassemia patients. Serum ferritin, which reflects the body store iron, was higher than the normal range (10-200 ng/ml in 49 patients. On the other hand, serum iron of 39 sera samples fell within the normal range (50-150 micrograms/dl. Four were less than 50 micrograms/dl and eight were more than 150 micrograms/dl. Almost all the patients' sera of normal or higher serum iron level contained "free" iron. Thus, almost all the sera from thalassemic patients from Myanmar contain bleomycin-detectable iron, even when serum iron is within the normal range. In developing countries where undernutrition is prevalent (serum albumin in these patients was 3.6 +/- 0.4 g/dl, P < 0.0001 vs. control value of 4.0 - 4.8 g/dl, normal serum iron does not preclude the presence of free iron in the serum.

  15. Elemental analysis of human serum and serum protein fractions by thermal neutron activation

    Some applications of thermal neutron activation for the determination of elemental contents in human serum and human serum protein fractions are presented. Firstly total serum is dealt with, secondly serum protein fractions obtained by gel filtration are described. A brief review on the role of (trace) elements in human health and disease and a compilation of literature data for elemental contents in human serum, as obtained by neutron activation techniques, are given. The most important sources of statistical and systematic errors are evaluated. Results for the contents of sodium, potassium, magnesium, bromine, iron, copper, zinc, selenium, rubidium, cesium and antimony in serum are given, with emphasis on control of accuracy and precision. The possible relation between selenium in blood and cancer occurrence in humans is discussed. The results of elemental analyses from cancer patients and from a patient receiving a cytostatic treatment are presented. A survey of literature results for the determination of protein-bound elemental contents in serum is presented. Subsequently, results from a study on the behaviour of elements during gel filtration are discussed. Gel-element and protein-element interactions are studied. Finally the protein-bound occurrence of trace elements in human serum is determined by gel filtration and neutron activation analysis. Results for both desalting and fractionation are given, for the elements bromine, copper, manganese, vanadium, selenium, zinc, rubidium, iron and iodine. (Auth.)

  16. Serum zinc level in children with malnutrition

    Serum zinc level amongst children with protein energy malnutrition (PEM) was evaluated in a control study conducted in the Department of Paediatrics, Allama Iqbal Medical College and Jinnah Hospital, Lahore. Twenty-five children with PEM and 25 healthy children as control from the community were screened. Mean serum zinc level was found to be 54.48 -+ 18.91 mg/dl in children with PEM while it was 72.72 -+ 8.21 mg/dl in control group (P < 0.001). No significant difference in zinc level was noted between both sexes in each group. Marasmic 16 children revealed mean serum zinc level of 57.55 -+ 18.16 mg/dl while in Kwashiorkor it was 44.57 -+ 13.66 mg/dl. Serum zinc was significantly low in Kwashiorkor than in marasmus (P < 0.001). It was also significantly low in children with acute or chronic diarrhea associated with malnutrition (44.66 -+ 16.0 mg/dl). Acute respiratory infections in these children were not associated with low serum zinc level (71.66 -+ 16.51 mg/dl). (author)

  17. Maternal serum levels of adiponectin in preeclampsia

    The results of the serum levels of adiponectin in pre eclamptic patients are conflicting. Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess serum levels of adiponectin in women with pre eclampsia compared with healthy pregnant women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed. The case group consisted of women with pre eclampsia (n=30). The control group consisted of 30 matched normal pregnant women. Serum levels of adiponectin were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Results: Serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in the pre eclamptic group than those in the normal control group. In the pre eclamptic patients serum levels of adiponectin showed a significant negative correlation with body mass index while no correlation was found in the normal pregnant women. In women with pre eclampsia, levels of adiponectin were decreased significantly in the overweight women compared with normal weight women, while in the control group no significant difference was observed. Conclusion: In conclusion, elevation of adiponectin levels might be a physiological feedback response to minimize endothelial dysfunction in pre eclamptic patients. (author)

  18. Antifungal serum concentration monitoring: an update.

    Goodwin, Megan L; Drew, Richard H


    Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are occurring with increasing incidence and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Understanding the relationship between the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of antifungals is essential to optimize the potential for favourable clinical and microbiological outcomes while minimizing risks of treatment-related toxicity. Antifungal serum concentrations may aid in the determination of appropriate dosing in select circumstances. The polyene and echinocandin classes of antifungals lack sufficient data to justify serum concentration monitoring in routine clinical practice. In contrast, serum concentration monitoring of flucytosine may help to reduce the risk of treatment-related haematological toxicity. Determination of itraconazole serum concentrations is advised in situations where the drug is used for prolonged periods to treat serious IFIs (such as invasive aspergillosis or histoplasmosis) because of variability in absorption following oral administration (most notable for the capsule formulation). The use of serum concentration monitoring during therapy with the extended-spectrum triazoles (i.e. voriconazole and posaconazole) is still evolving, due primarily to inter-patient variability in drug exposure combined with sparse data regarding relationships with efficacy (posaconazole) and both safety and efficacy (voriconazole). PMID:17999982

  19. Serum biochemical markers in carcinoma breast.

    Seth R


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive research for many years throughout the world, the etiopathogenesis of cancer still remains obscure. For the early detection of carcinoma of various origins, a number of biochemical markers have been studied to evaluate the malignancy. AIM: To analyse serum gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGTP, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH and superoxide dismutase (SOD in carcinoma breast patients. SETTINGS & DESIGN: The serum biochemical markers were estimated in twenty five histopathologically confirmed patients with carcinoma breast and equal number of healthy age- matched individuals served as control. MATERIAL & METHODS: Serum gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGTP, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH and superoxide dismutase (SOD were estimated and their sensitivity determined. Statistics: Data was analysed with student′s ′t′-test and sensitivity score of these markers was determined. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: The mean serum GGTP, LDH and SOD activities in patients with carcinoma breast were tremendously increased as compared to controls, and a steady increase was observed in their activities from stage I through stage IV as well as following distant metastasis. Serum GGTP, LDH and SOD might prove to be most sensitive biomarkers in carcinoma breast in early detection of the disease.

  20. Crocodylus siamensis serum and macrophage phagocytic activity.

    Aree, Kalaya; Siruntawineti, Jindawan; Chaeychomsri, Win


    Antimicrobial activity of sera from many crocodilian species has been recognized. This activity was proposed to be mediated, at least in part, by complement. Due to the fact that complement proteins have different functions in the immune system, they may be involved in phagocytic process of phagocytes. In the present study, the effects of Siamese crocodile serum on phagocytic activity of macrophages as well as the possible involvement of complement in this process were examined. The results showed increases in the phagocytosis of both Escherichia coli and to a lesser extent, Staphylococcus aureus upon incubation of murine macrophage cell line with fresh crocodile serum (FS). Similar to FS, other crocodile blood products, including freeze dried serum (DS) and freeze dried whole blood (DWB) exhibited phagocytosis-enhancing property. However the ability of DWB to enhance phagocytosis was less efficient than that of FS and DS, suggesting that serum factors were involved in this process. Treatment of FS with heat at 56 degrees C for 30 min deteriorated the effect of FS on bacterial uptake of macrophages, suggesting that complement proteins play a role in the modulation of the phagocytic process. Collectively, the results of the present study suggested that crocodile serum enhances the macrophage phagocytic activity through complement activity and, therefore, may be taken as an alternative medicine for supporting the human immune responses. PMID:22619919

  1. Proteomic evaluation of sheep serum proteins

    Chiaradia Elisabetta


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The applications of proteomic strategies to ovine medicine remain limited. The definition of serum proteome may be a good tool to identify useful protein biomarkers for recognising sub-clinical conditions and overt disease in sheep. Findings from bovine species are often directly translated for use in ovine medicine. In order to characterize normal protein patterns and improve knowledge of molecular species-specific characteristics, we generated a two-dimensional reference map of sheep serum. The possible application of this approach was tested by analysing serum protein patterns in ewes with mild broncho-pulmonary disease, which is very common in sheep and in the peripartum period which is a stressful time, with a high incidence of infectious and parasitic diseases. Results This study generated the first reference 2-DE maps of sheep serum. Overall, 250 protein spots were analyzed, and 138 identified. Compared with healthy sheep, serum protein profiles of animals with rhino-tracheo-bronchitis showed a significant decrease in protein spots identified as transthyretin, apolipoprotein A1 and a significant increase in spots identified as haptoglobin, endopin 1b and alpha1B glycoprotein. In the peripartum period, haptoglobin, alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, apolipoprotein A1 levels rose, while transthyretin content dropped. Conclusions This study describes applications of proteomics in putative biomarker discovery for early diagnosis as well as for monitoring the physiological and metabolic situations critical for ovine welfare.

  2. Immunoradiometric assay for ferritin in human serum

    A sensitiv specific and precise immunoradiometric assay for ferritin has been developed. Ferritin was measured in the serum of 160 hospital controls, 101 females (118 plus/minus 9 μg/l) and 59 males (189 plus/minus 16 μg/l). This difference was statistically significant. In 28 patients with untreated iron deficiency anemia, serum ferritin concentration (6.1plus/minus 0.7 μg/l) was significantly lower than in the controls, but it was within the normal range in 14 cases of polycythaemia vera treated by repeated phlebotomy. In 4 patients with primary haemachromatosis (2884 plus/minus 56 μg/l), 25 with secondary iron overload states (5702 plus/minus 1235 μg/l) and 8 with haemolytic anaemia (1612 plus/minus 605 μg/l), serum ferritin levels were markedly elevated. In 14 cases of transfusional siderosis there was a highly significant correlation between serum ferritin concentration and units of blood transfused. A circadian rhythmin serum ferritin concentration was observed in 7 healthy subjects. (author)

  3. Correlation between Serum T3 Resin Uptake and Serum Lipid Profile

    Dinarvand, GH. ( MSc


    Full Text Available Background and Objective: T3 resin uptake test indicates the availability of thyroxin binding globulin (TBG, which is the carrier of a large amount of T3 and T4 in blood. We aimed to study the relationship between serum T3 Resin Uptake and serum lipids profile. Material and Methods: The participants aged 14.80 ± 38.29 were both males (59; 29.5% and females (141; 70.5 %. T3 Resin Uptake was measured by Immunoassay method and serum lipid profile components (cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-C, LDL-C, and VLDL were measured by the kit. Results: Significant negative correlation was observed between serum T3 Resin Uptake and cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-C (P≤ 0.05, but that was not the case for HDL-C and VLDL. Conclusion: Serum T3 Resin Uptake can be evaluated to assess the risk factors related to cardiovascular disorders

  4. Association of serum leptin with serum C-reactive protein in hemodialysis patients

    Rastegari Ebrahim


    Full Text Available Introduction: Recent investigations have shown that leptin is cleared principally by the kidney. Objectives: To examine whether and how in patients on hemodialysis the level of C-reactive protein level correlate with serum leptin. Patients and Methods: The total patients were 36. The mean patients’ age were 46 (16 years. The median length of the time patients were on hemodialysis were 19 months. Results: The mean serum C-reactive protein was 8.7 (6.6 mg/l (median: 8 mg/l. The mean serum leptin was 9.4 (14 ng/ml (median: 5.75 ng/ml. In this study we found a significant inverse correlation of serum leptin with serum C-reactive protein (r= -0.57, p= 0.041 was seen. Conclusion: Our data supports, the positive effect of leptin on nutrition and support the theory of protective effects (reverse epidemiology of leptin in hemodialysis patients.

  5. Characterization of human serum spreading factor with monoclonal antibody.

    Barnes, D W; Silnutzer, J; See, C; Shaffer, M


    Serum spreading factor is a glycoprotein isolated from human serum that promotes spreading of a variety of cell types on culture dishes. We developed mouse hybridoma lines secreting monoclonal antibody to serum spreading factor that markedly inhibited the rate of serum spreading factor-promoted spreading of both fibroblastic and epithelial cells in culture. Fibronectin-promoted cell spreading was unaffected by monoclonal antibody to serum spreading factor, and the factor appeared to be distin...

  6. A radioimmunoassay for serum medroxyprogesterone acetate.

    Shrimanker, K; Saxena, B N; Fotherby, K


    When injected intramuscularly in a dose of 150 mg, Depo Provera, a microcrystalline suspension of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), will provide a contraceptive effect for at least 3 months. This paper describes a sensitive radioimmunoassay for MPA which has been used in the author's laboratory for the past 2 years. MPA was converted to MPA-3-CMO and the oxime was conjugated with bovine serum albumin (BSA) by the mixed anahydride method. 4 rabbits were immunized with the antiserum. A high titre of MPA antibodies was detected 6 months after immunization. Serum from the rabbit with the highest titre of antibodies to MPA was subjected to radioimmunoassay. 7 days after the intramuscular injection of 150 mg Depo-Provera, serum levels of MPA were found in the range of 1750 to 9000 pg/ml. By 75 days, the levels had decreased to 680-2600 pg/ml. The method was found to have adequate accuracy, precision and sensitivity. PMID:661315

  7. Serum ferritin in recurrent oral ulceration

    A sensitive radio-assay for ferritin was developed and used to examine serum ferritin levels in 105 patients with recurrent oral ulceration (ROU), 41 patients with Behcet's syndrome (BS), 42 with other ulcerative oral lesions, 35 patients with non-ulcerative oral lesions and in 78 controls. Ferritin levels increased with age and were significantly higher in males than females. The mean ferritin concentrations in male patients with ROU, BS or with other oral ulcers were significantly reduced in comparison with controls, and in female patients were significantly reduced in those with major aphthous ulcers. The prevalence of low serum ferritin levels was about 8% in patients with ROU, 15% in BS and 9.5% in patients with other ulcerative oral lesions, compared with less than 3% in patients with non-ulcerative oral disorders and in controls. Most of the iron-deficient patients were female. Serum ferritin levels did not directly correlate with serum iron levels and may be a more accurate indicator of iron deficiency. Furthermore, serum ferritin can distinguish between patients with true iron deficiency and those with secondary sideropenia. It is suggested that in a small number of patients, oral ulceration may be a presenting sign of iron deficiency, and that in a further small proportion of patients, ROU already present will be exacerbated by concurrent iron deficiency. Both groups will show a therapeutic response to correction of the iron deficiency. The results suggest that serum ferritin levels are a useful part of the haematological investigatons in patients with ROU. (author)

  8. Relationship of serum uric acid, serum creatinine and serum cystatin C with maternal and fetal outcomes in rural Indian pregnant women

    Padma Yalamati


    Conclusions: Serum creatinine and uric acid are independent risk factors for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. High serum uric acid is associated with low birth weight and delivery by caesarian section whereas high serum creatinine with preterm delivery only before adjustment for confounding factors and not after adjustment. Serum cystatin C was not significantly associated with the maternal and fetal outcomes. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(5.000: 1505-1510

  9. Serum Tumor Markers for Lung Cancer Diagnosis

    Song, Xiaoyun; Zhou, Shijie; Zhidong LIU; Xu, Shaofa; Zikun LIANG


    Background and objective Progress has been made in research of lung cancer tumor markers in recent years, and these tumor markers have been used in clinical application. This study is to evaluate the regimens of six serum tumor markers in lung cancer diagnosis. Methods The serum levels of the six tumor markers (NSE、pro-GRP、CYFRA21-1、SCC、p53 antibody and CA199) were detected in 80 healthy adults, 170 patients with lung cancer and 80 patients with respiratory infection by ELISA. Results The lev...

  10. Competitive radioimmunoassay of digoxin in serum

    The process described is for determining the digoxin level of a serum. To do so a mixture is made by adding to the serum sample an antidigoxin antibody and a suitable labelling quantity of O3-(hydroxy-4 phenethylcarbamoyl)digoxigenin for radioactive labelling. The mixture is allowed to incubate so that the digoxin of the sample and the radioactive labelling reagent joint to the antidigoxin antibody. A precipitating agent is added to the mixture to help the formation of a precipitate and thus separate the labelled digoxin taken up from the precipitate free digoxin. The liquid is separated from the precipitate formed and the residual radioactivity of the precipitate is measured

  11. Serum YKL-40 and colorectal cancer

    Cintin, C; Johansen, J S; Christensen, Ib Jarle; Price, P A; Sørensen, Steen; Nielsen, Hans Jørgen

    related to short survival. In the present study we analysed YKL-40 in preoperative sera from patients with colorectal cancer and evaluated its relation to survival. Serum YKL-40 was determined by RIA in 603 patients. Survival after operation was registered, and median follow-up time was 61 months. Three......YKL-40 is a mammalian member of the chitinase protein family. Although the function of YKL-40 is unknown, the pattern of its expression suggests a function in remodelling or degradation of extracellular matrix. High serum YKL-40 has been found in patients with recurrent breast cancer and has been...

  12. Helicobacter pylori infection and serum ferritin

    Berg, Gabriele; Bode, G; Blettner, M;


    serum ferritin concentration as dependent variable and H. pylori infection and several potential confounding factors as independent variable was fitted. In this model, H. pylori infection was associated with a 17.0% decrease of the serum ferritin concentration (95% CI = 9.8-23.6). The association...... study were H. pylori positive, of whom 57.6% had an infection with a CagA-positive H. pylori strain. Age- and sex-adjusted geometric mean of ferritin was 54.5 microg/dl among H. pylori-infected compared with 63.8 microg/dl among uninfected persons. A multiple linear regression model with log-transformed...

  13. Simultaneous radioimmunoassay for corticosterone and deoxycortisol in human serum: Sex differences in the mean serum concentrations

    A specific radioimmunoassay is described which allows the simultaneous determination of serum corticosterone and deoxycortisol. The normal serum concentration of both steroids were found to be dependent on sex and menstrual cycle. Mean concentrations (+-S.D.) in males, females (follicular phase) and females (luteal phase) were 4210 +- 2170 ng/l, 2410 +- 1480 ng/l and 4390 +- 2320 ng/l for corticosterone and 499 +- 273 ng/l, 207 +- 152 ng/l and 335 +- 182 ng/l for deoxycortisol. After adrenal stimulation by corticotropin itself or by insulin induced hypoglycemia, the serum concentrations of corticosterone became significantly higher than those of deoxycortisol. After oral administration of dexamethasone serum concentrations of both steroids were suppressed to levels below the limit of the normal range. One hour after oral metyrapone administration at midnight, serum corticosterone decreased, while serum deoxycortisol increased by a factor of about five. After eight hours serum concentrations of both steroids were increased considerably. Corticosterone attained levels slightly higher than the normal range and deoxycortisol rose to levels which were higher than the normal mean concentrations by a factor of about 500. (orig./AS)

  14. Serum amyloid P inhibits dermal wound healing

    The repair of open wounds depends on granulation tissue formation and contraction, which is primarily mediated by myofibroblasts. A subset of myofibroblasts originates from bone-marrow-derived monocytes which differentiate into fibroblast-like cells called fibrocytes. Serum amyloid P (SAP) inhibits ...

  15. Radioassay for serum and red cell folate

    A simple, reliable assay for serum and red cell folate is described. It uses plain untreated liquid or powdered milk, requiring no special handling or purification, as binder. Such milk makes it possible to ignore endogenous serum folate binder, since crude (but not purified) milk contains a factor which releases folate from serum binder. It simplifies counting radioactivity by employing a gamma emitting isotope of pteroylglutamic acid (PGA), namely the 125I-tyramide of PGA. Like the 3H-PGA assay of Givas and Gutcho, it permits the use of stable PGA rather than unstable methyltetrahydrofolic acid (MeTHFA) standards, because it is carried out at pH 9.3, a pH at which milk folate binder is unable to distinguish PGA from MeTHFA, which is the predominant folate in human tissues. The equipment required to do the radioassay is present in most diagnostic chemistry laboratories. Results are essentially identical to the generally accepted Lactobacillus casei microbiologic method of folate assay, except that false low results are not produced in the radioassay by antibiotics, tranquilizers, and chemotherapeutic agents. Three caveats in its use are the relative instability of 125I-PGA as compared to 3H-PGA, the fact that various powdered milks differ widely in folate-binding capacity, and that only about 60 percent of commercially obtained skim or powdered milk preparations appear to contain the substance which splits folate from serum binder

  16. Serum Bilirubin Levels and Developmental Outcome

    J Gordon Millichap


    Full Text Available The neurodevlopmental risks associated with neonatal total serum bilirubin levels of 25 mg/dL or higher in 140 affected infants were compared with 419 randomly selected controls from a cohort of term-infants born 1995-1998 in Kaiser Permanente hospitals in northern California.

  17. Serum erythropoietin levels by radioimmunoassay in polycythaemia

    Birgegaard, G.; Miller, O.; Caro, J.; Erslev, A. (Cardeza Foundation for Hematological Research, Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pa.)


    A radioimmunoassay (RIA) method for erythropoietin (Epo) was developed and validated against the polycythaemic mouse assay. The correlation was good, with a r=0.94. Several other criteria of specificity were also filled by the RIA, which had a lower detection limit of 5 mU/ml. The mean serum-Epo level in 6 patients with secondary polycythaemia, 50.2 +- 26.2 mU/ml, was significantly higher than in a group of 11 normal subjects, 28.7 +- 7.2 mU/ml (P<0.0002). However, the Epo level in 31 polycythaemia vera (PV) patients, M = 21.9 +- 6.6 mU/ml, was not significantly different from normal (P = 0.006). Since previous studies with bioassay of heat-treated and concentrated plasma samples have shown a decreased serum-Epo level in PV, Epo levels were measured before and after heat treatment and concentration of samples from normals and polycythaemics. It was found that the levels of immunoreactive material increased after heat treatment and 40 times concentration in samples from normals and patients with secondary polycythaemias, but decreased in PV. We conclude that the Epo levels in serum in the low range measured by our and previous RIA:s probably are not true Epo levels but are partly due to an unspecific serum effect, that was removed by heat treatment.

  18. Serum YKL-40 and colorectal cancer

    Cintin, C; Johansen, J S; Christensen, Ib Jarle;


    related to short survival. In the present study we analysed YKL-40 in preoperative sera from patients with colorectal cancer and evaluated its relation to survival. Serum YKL-40 was determined by RIA in 603 patients. Survival after operation was registered, and median follow-up time was 61 months. Three...


    H. Mohammadiha


    Full Text Available The levels of serum tota1 protein, albumin, transaminases and phosphatases were estimated in a group of children with severe Marasmus or mild malnutrition in order to identify some of the associated deficiencies in these syndromes. The biochemical pattern was similar in the normal and malnourished children.

  20. Serum chromium levels in gestational diabetes mellitus

    P G Sundararaman


    Full Text Available Objective: To measure serum chromium level in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM from Chennai, South India. Materials and Methods: Thirty women with gestational diabetes, 60 age matched controls. Inclusion criteria: Gestational age 22-28 weeks, age group 20-35 years. Exclusion Criteria: Gestational age beyond 28 weeks, malnutrition or presence of infection. Serum chromium was measured using inductive couple plasma emission spectrometer. Results: Serum chromium levels of women with GDM, 1.59+/-0.02 ng/ml (range: 0.16-4.0 ng/ml were lower than in controls (4.58+/-0.62 ng/ml; range 0.82-5.33 ng/ml (P < 0.001. However, there were no significant differences among cases and controls when subdivided by parity. Conclusions: Women with GDM from a South Indian city had lower levels of serum chromium compared to pregnant women without GDM. Studies may be done whether chromium supplementation is useful in this group of women.

  1. Modeling Serum Creatinine in Septic ICU Patients

    De Gaetano, Andrea; Cortese, Giuliana; Pedersen, Morten Gram; Panunzi, Simona; Picchini, Umberto; Morelli, Andrea


    present work details the structure of a model describing observed creatinine serum concentration (CSC) variations, depending on the time-varying septic insult to renal function in ICU patients, as well as the estimation of its parameters. CSC determinations were routinely obtained from 12 patients, of...

  2. Serum Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Endometriosis.

    Hopeman, Margaret M; Riley, Joan K; Frolova, Antonina I; Jiang, Hui; Jungheim, Emily S


    Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are fatty acids containing 2 or more double bonds, and they are classified by the location of the last double bond. Omega 3 (n-3) and omega 6 (n-6) PUFAs are obtained through food sources including fatty fish and seed/vegetable oils, respectively, and they are important to a number of physiologic processes including inflammation. Previous work demonstrates suppressive effects of n-3 PUFAs on endometriotic lesions in animal models and decreased risk of endometriosis among women with high n-3 PUFA intake. Thus, we sought to determine the relationship between circulating levels of PUFAs and endometriosis in women. To do this, we performed a cross-sectional study of serum PUFAs and clinical data from 205 women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Serum PUFAs were measured using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectroscopy and included n-3 PUFAs such as α-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid and n-6 PUFAs such as linoleic acid and arachidonic acid. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine relationships between specific and total serum PUFAs and patient history of endometriosis. Women with high serum EPA levels were 82% less likely to have endometriosis compared to women with low EPA levels (odds ratio = 0.18, 95% confidence interval 0.04-0.78). PMID:25539770

  3. Biodegradable nanoporous nanoparticles for human serum analysis

    Modern medicine and biology search for new powerful tool for biomarkers discovery, appears one of the most promising approaches for early cancer diagnosis. Nowadays, the low molecular weight fraction of human serum is the most informative source of biomarkers, but their study and identification are very difficult due to the incredible complexity of the raw human serum. In this work we describe a novel tool for the filtration of crude human serum or other bio-fluid based on water soluble nanoparticles. Nanoparticles with a pore size of about 2-3 nm, and diameters of 200 nm were obtained by ultrasonication of nanoporous silicon. The porous nanoparticles act as a nanosieve able to exclusively harvest the low molecular weight fraction of the fluid thanks to a controllable pore size. After a short incubation, the infiltrated nanosieves can be extracted from the starting fluid by means of centrifugation, and dissolved in water in a few minutes to give the captured molecules back in their native state, without degradation and contamination. The raw fluid is so split in two components of high and low molecular weight, that are both available for further analyses with any other investigation technique. Here, fluorescence spectroscopy, 2D-gel electrophoresis, and mass spectrometry are exploited to show the split of different bio-fluids under physiological condition. A cut-off (or split level) of 13 kDa is demonstrated also for human serum.

  4. Oral cancer screening: serum Raman spectroscopic approach

    Sahu, Aditi K.; Dhoot, Suyash; Singh, Amandeep; Sawant, Sharada S.; Nandakumar, Nikhila; Talathi-Desai, Sneha; Garud, Mandavi; Pagare, Sandeep; Srivastava, Sanjeeva; Nair, Sudhir; Chaturvedi, Pankaj; Murali Krishna, C.


    Serum Raman spectroscopy (RS) has previously shown potential in oral cancer diagnosis and recurrence prediction. To evaluate the potential of serum RS in oral cancer screening, premalignant and cancer-specific detection was explored in the present study using 328 subjects belonging to healthy controls, premalignant, disease controls, and oral cancer groups. Spectra were acquired using a Raman microprobe. Spectral findings suggest changes in amino acids, lipids, protein, DNA, and β-carotene across the groups. A patient-wise approach was employed for data analysis using principal component linear discriminant analysis. In the first step, the classification among premalignant, disease control (nonoral cancer), oral cancer, and normal samples was evaluated in binary classification models. Thereafter, two screening-friendly classification approaches were explored to further evaluate the clinical utility of serum RS: a single four-group model and normal versus abnormal followed by determining the type of abnormality model. Results demonstrate the feasibility of premalignant and specific cancer detection. The normal versus abnormal model yields better sensitivity and specificity rates of 64 and 80% these rates are comparable to standard screening approaches. Prospectively, as the current screening procedure of visual inspection is useful mainly for high-risk populations, serum RS may serve as a useful adjunct for early and specific detection of oral precancers and cancer.

  5. Radioreceptor assay of narcotic analgesics in serum.

    Grevel, J; Thomas, J; Richards, M L; Sadée, W


    A sensitive radioreceptor assay (RRA) to determine the serum concentrations of fentanyl, pentazocine and morphine was developed on the basis of the drug's competition with a labeled tracer ((3)H-naloxone) for the membrane bound opioid receptor in rat brain homogenates. The binding data were computer-fitted to a standard curve by means of nonlinear least square regression. Sensitivity of the assay applied directly to serum samples without extraction was limited to approximately 3, 5 and 25 ng/ml for fentanyl, morphine and pentazocine, respectively, because of endogenous plasma constituents that interfere with the opioid receptor binding. With the use of petrol-ether extraction the sensitivity was improved to 0.3 ng/ml fentanyl and 3 ng/ml pentazocine (0.3 ml serum samples). No RRA-active metabolites were detectable after HPLC separation of serum from a patient treated with fentanyl. The plasma concentration time course of fentanyl in a patient, measured by RRA, was similar to that obtained by a radioimmunoassay (RIA). The RRA represents a general procedure for the detection of clinically used opioid analgesics and their active metabolites. PMID:24277330

  6. Study of serum Helicobacter pylori soluble antigen

    吴勤动; 朱永良


    Objective: to explore a new serological method for detecting Helicobac ter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection. Methods: Serum soluble antigen of H. p ylor i was detected by using avidin-biotin ELISA technique to evaluate the status of H. pylori infection and for comparison with rapid urease test ( RUT ), histo logi c examination and serology. Results: The sensitivity, specificity, positive pred ictive value and negative predictive value were 77.46%, 91.07%, 91.67% a nd 76.12 %, respectively. The prevalence rate of serum H. pylori soluble antigen in 138 patients undergoing endoscopy was similar to the rate obtained by 14 C-UBT met hods ( P>0.05 ). Conclusions: The detection of serum H. pylori solub le antigen( HpSAg) could be used as a new serological method which is accurate, and convenie nt, not affected by the memorizing reaction of serum antibody; is more sensitive , m ore specific and suitable for clinical diagnosis, and evaluation of eradication and for follow-up of H. pylori as well as for detection in children and pre gnant women.

  7. Serum and urine trace metals in ketosis

    Burch, R.E.; Hiner, C.; Sullivan, J.F.


    Three groups of male rats were housed in metabolic cages. The control group was fed ad libitum, a second group was fasted and diabetes was induced in the third group by the subcutaneous injection of alloxan. After 48 hours all animals were bled and livers, which were quick-frozen in situ, were obtained. Fasted and diabetic animals were ketotic as manifested by lowering urinary pH and elevated urinary and blood acetoacetate and ..beta..-hydroxybutyrate. Blood and hepatic content of acetate was elevated in diabetic versus control rats. Blood and hepatic content of acetate was not increased in fasted animals. In fasted rats total urinary Zn and Cu were decreased and Mg and Ca did not differ significantly from control values. In diabetic rats total urinary excretion of Mg was increased whereas urinary Zn, Cu and Ca levels did not differ significantly from control values. In fasted animals only serum Zn was diminished. In diabetic rats serum Cu and Ca were decreased and serum Mg was increased while serum Zn was unchanged. Thus, the ketosis of fasting differs from the ketosis of diabetes in several of its metabolic manifestations. 11 references, 9 figures.

  8. Correlation of serum leptin with levels of hemoglobin in hemodialysis

    Rafieian-Kopaei Mahmoud


    Full Text Available To examine the association of serum leptin level with anemia in hemodialysis, we investigated 36 patients (males: 21, diabetics: 11 under regular hemodialysis. For patients, complete blood counts, iron profile, serum leptin, and adequacy of hemodialysis were assessed. In this study a significant correlation of serum leptin with level of hemoglobin and body mass index was detected. An association between serum leptin and total iron binding capacity was observed. No correlation of serum ferritin with leptin level was seen. Our findings attest previous findings showing that greater serum leptin levels are associated with greater hemoglobin levels.

  9. Prognostic significance of serum bilirubin in stroke

    Background: Oxidative injury is an important cause of the neurologic lesion in stroke. Serum bilirubin is considered a natural antioxidant that may affect the prognosis of stroke. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of bilirubin in stroke patients. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in Medical Units of Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar. Inpatients admitted with acute attack of stroke were included in this study. Data regarding serum bilirubin and concurrent cerebrovascular risk factors were collected. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) were used to analyse stroke's severity and functional outcomes, respectively. Results: Hypertension, diabetes mellitus and heart diseases were the most common risk factors. Patients were divided into 3 groups on the basis of serum bilirubin, i.e., =0.6 mg/dl (Group-1), 0.7-0.9 mg/dl (Group-2), and =1.0 mg/dl (Group-3). The mean pre-hospitalisation NIHSS score for Groups 1, 2 and 3 was 5.62, 11.66 and 25.33, respectively; and post-hospitalisation score was 0.875, 3.76 and 16.26, respectively. The pre-hospitalisation mRS score was 4 for Group-1, 4.52 for Group-2 and 4.93 for Group-3; while post-hospitalisation Mrs Score was 1.50, 2.38 and 4.26, respectively. Average serum bilirubin level was significantly higher in patients with poor outcomes as compared with good outcomes (p<0.01). Conclusions: This study suggests that higher serum bilirubin levels were associated with increased stroke severity, longer hospitalisation and poor prognosis. (author)

  10. The study of serum calcium and serum magnesium in pregnancy induced hypertension and normal pregnancy

    Jagannath Pairu


    Full Text Available Background: Preeclampsia along with its complications is one of the major causes of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Association of calcium and magnesium with pregnancy induced hypertension is known since decades. Evidence of decreased serum calcium and decreased serum magnesium has been observed in patients with pregnancy induced hypertension and has been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of preeclampsia. Methods: The present study was undertaken in 100 pregnant women. Data for the study was collected from 50 normotensive pregnant women with more than 20 weeks of gestational age (control group and 50 pregnancy induced hypertension patients (study group attending for the antenatal care in department of obstetrics and gynaecology in Vanivilas hospital, Bowring and Lady Curzon hospital attached to Bangalore medical college and research institute. Cases and controls were matched. Serum calcium and serum magnesium levels were estimated by spectrophotometry method. Results: The mean serum calcium is significantly lower in pregnancy induced hypertension group (8.15 +/- 0.37 mg/dl compared to normal pregnancy (9.16 +/- 0.82 mg/dl. The mean serum magnesium is lower in pregnancy induced hypertension group (1.78 +/- 0.70 mEq/L than normal pregnancy (2.08 +/- 0.46 mEq/L which is moderately significant. Conclusions: The serum calcium and serum magnesium levels are decreased in pregnancy induced hypertension patients compared to normotensive normal pregnant women, suggesting the possible role of calcium and magnesium in etiopathophysiology of pregnancy induced hypertension. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(1.000: 30-34

  11. Association of serum leptin with serum C-reactive protein in hemodialysis patients

    Rastegari Ebrahim; Nasri Hamid


    Introduction: Recent investigations have shown that leptin is cleared principally by the kidney. Objectives: To examine whether and how in patients on hemodialysis the level of C-reactive protein level correlate with serum leptin. Patients and Methods: The total patients were 36. The mean patients’ age were 46 (16) years. The median length of the time patients were on hemodialysis were 19 months. Results: The mean serum C-reactive protein was 8.7 (6.6) mg/l (median:...

  12. A study on Assessment of serum Leptin and serum Insulin in women with Polycystic ovarian syndrome.


    Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome is characterized by chronic anovulation, hyperandrogenism and ovarian polycystic changes on ultrasonogram. PCOS is often accompanied by obesity and insulin resistance. Leptin is produced mainly by the adipocytes. Debatable reports of relationship between leptin and insulin resistance exist. The objectives of study were to assess serum leptin and insulin level in PCOS subjects and to find out the correlation between serum leptin level and BMI in PCOS sub...

  13. Serum angiotensin converting enzyme activity and serum copper levels in covert silicosis

    Tiwari R


    Full Text Available The present case report describes asymptomatic worker working in quartz crushing unit and having crepitations on ausculation in the middle zone of right lung, diagnosed as grade 1/1 silicotic according to ILO Classification of Pneumoconiosis. The patient had elevated levels of SACE and serum Copper. This is the first time that SACE and serum copper levels were measured in a covert case of silicosis particularly in India.

  14. Is there an association between early childhood caries and serum iron and serum ferritin levels?

    Mostafa Sadeghi; Reza Darakhshan; Ali Bagherian


    Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of preschool children. The purpose of this study was to investigate a possible association between ECC with serum iron and serum ferritin levels. Materials and Methods: Following the ethical approval, 204 children aged 24–71 months were recruited for a double-blind, randomized cross-sectional study. Each child was examined clinically for dental caries using the World Health Orga...

  15. A low percentage of autologous serum can replace bovine serum to engineer human nasal cartilage

    F Wolf


    Full Text Available For the generation of cell-based therapeutic products, it would be preferable to avoid the use of animal-derived components. Our study thus aimed at investigating the possibility to replace foetal bovine serum (FBS with autologous serum (AS for the engineering of cartilage grafts using expanded human nasal chondrocytes (HNC. HNC isolated from 7 donors were expanded in medium containing 10% FBS or AS at different concentrations (2%, 5% and 10% and cultured in pellets using serum-free medium or in Hyaff®-11 meshes using medium containing FBS or AS. Tissue forming capacity was assessed histologically (Safranin O, immunohistochemically (type II collagen and biochemically (glycosaminoglycans -GAG- and DNA. Differences among experimental groups were assessed by Mann Whitney tests. HNC expanded under the different serum conditions proliferated at comparable rates and generated cartilaginous pellets with similar histological appearance and amounts of GAG. Tissues generated by HNC from different donors cultured in Hyaff®-11 had variable quality, but the accumulated GAG amounts were comparable among the different serum conditions. Staining intensity for collagen type II was consistent with GAG deposition. Among the different serum conditions tested, the use of 2% AS resulted in the lowest variability in the GAG contents of generated tissues. In conclusion, a low percentage of AS can replace FBS both during the expansion and differentiation of HNC and reduce the variability in the quality of the resulting engineered cartilage tissues.

  16. Prognostic significance of serum immunoglobulin pareprotein in chronic lymphocytic leukemia



    Objective To investigate the incidence of serum immunoglobulin (Ig) paraprotein in chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL) ,and to explore its clinical associated laboratory features and prognostic implication. Methods Serum protein electrophoresis and immunofixation

  17. Association between Serum Uric Acid Levels and Diabetes Mellitus

    Pavani Bandaru; Anoop Shankar


    Serum uric acid has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease in previous studies. However, few studies have examined the association between serum uric acid and diabetes mellitus and their findings are not consistent. Therefore, we examined the association between serum uric acid levels and diabetes mellitus in participants from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ( = 1 8 , 8 2 5 , 52.5% women). Serum uric acid ...

  18. Serum pancreatic lipase as a screening test for cystic fibrosis.

    Adriaenssens, K; Van Riel, L


    Pancreatic lipase catalyses the hydrolysis of emulsified triglycerides to form a transparent solution of monoglycerides and fatty acids. Levels of serum pancreatic lipase were measured in neonates known to have cystic fibrosis and compared with levels in control infants. During the first weeks of life infants with cystic fibrosis had raised serum pancreatic lipase values in parallel with raised serum trypsin values. A simple and specific turbidimetric dried blood spot assay for serum pancreat...

  19. Goat serums for fluorescent antibody conjugates to chlamydial antigens.

    Tessler, J.


    Serums from goats hyperimmunized with Chlamydia psittaci consistently produce antichlamydial fluorescent antibody conjugate of high titer. The titer of the fluorescent antibody conjugate prepared from a given serum correlated well with the titer obtained by agar gel precipitin, but not with the complement fixation. The agar gel precipitin test can be used to predict whether a given serum is satisfactory for use in production of a conjugate for direct fluorescent antibody tests. Serums with an...




    Full Text Available : BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to females and nearly universal experience in women's lives and is poorly understood. It is characterized by co-ordinate sequence of hormonal changes but the changes that occur in the distribution of hematological parameters, biochemical parameters have not been clearly established. AIMS: To compare Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR, Serum total protein, Serum albumin, Serum globulin and Red Blood Cell count (RBC in different phases of menstrual cycle. MATERIALS & METHODS: The present study was carried out on 100 healthy female medical students in the age group of 18 to 23years with normal menstrual cycle. E.S.R, Serum total protein, Serum albumin, Serum globulin and RBC count were studied on 2nd day MP(Menstrual Phase,11th day PP(Proliferative Phase, 22ndday SP(Secretory Phase of menstrual cycle using Wintergreen’s method, semi auto analyzer Erba chem-7(BCG Dye method for serum proteins, Hemo Auto analyzer SYSMEX KX-21 respectively. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 17.0 Software. To compare means of two independent groups, student’s t- test for independent samples was used. RESULTS: The study revealed that ESR was significantly (P<0.01 higher in menstrual phase compared to proliferative phase. Serum total protein was significantly increased in Secretory Phase (SP compared to Menstrual Phase (MP (P<0.05. Serum albumin was significantly (P<0.05 increased in proliferative phase compared to secretory phase and menstrual phase. Serum globulin was significantly increased in SP compared to PP (P<0.05. Red blood cell count showed no significant changes during various phases of menstrual cycle. CONCLUSION: In the present study we found significantly low level of serum albumin and decreased RBC count though not significant increases rouleaux formation thus increasing ESR in the menstrual phase but serum globulin and serum total protein showed increase in secretory phase which does not

  1. Deuterium content variation of human blood serum

    We report, for the first time, the variation of deuterium content of blood serum of the patients with cancer disease. The tumorous cell, because of the higher growth speed , is deuterium consuming. The deuterium content of blood serum of cancerous human is diminished by about 5-7 ppm compared with that of the healthy individual. This effect is in accordance with some previous results. The replacement of tap water with deuterium depleted water in a drinking water of tumorous mice diminished the growth rate of tumors and the slight increase in the deuterium concentration stimulates growth because it is more easy for the cells to elevate the intracellular deuterium concentration up to the threshold level. (authors)

  2. RIA kit research of serum ferritin

    Ferritin was purified from human liver by Frenkel method. Molecular weight of ferritin subunit was 20.5 kD. rabbit serum of anti-human liver ferritin was prepared with the titre of more than 1: 50000 and affinity constant Ka of more than 1.2 x 109 l/mol. 125I-ferritin prepared by chloro-amino T has the radiochemical purity of more than 95%, specific activity of 1.3 x 106 Bq/μg and binding rate of super quantity antibody of more than 80%. Analytical method of RIA was established, the sensitivity, was 1.9 +- 0.5 ng/ml, the rate of recovery was 98 +- 5%, the coefficients of variability for intrassay and interassay were <4.2% and <8.5% respectively. Serum ferritin concentration was measured in 303 healthy persons and 136 relative patients. The results agree with the clinic diagnosis

  3. Iron and ADHD: Time to Move beyond Serum Ferritin Levels

    Donfrancesco, Renato; Parisi, Pasquale; Vanacore, Nicola; Martines, Francesca; Sargentini, Vittorio; Cortese, Samuele


    Objective: (a) To compare serum ferritin levels in a sample of stimulant-naive children with ADHD and matched controls and (b) to assess the association of serum ferritin to ADHD symptoms severity, ADHD subtypes, and IQ. Method: The ADHD and the control groups included 101 and 93 children, respectively. Serum ferritin levels were determined with…

  4. Serum albumin--a non-saturable carrier

    Brodersen, R; Honoré, B; Larsen, F G


    The shape of binding isotherms for sixteen ligands to human serum albumin showed no signs of approaching saturation at high ligand concentrations. It is suggested that ligand binding to serum albumin is essentially different from saturable binding of substrates to enzymes, of oxygen to haemoglobin......, etc. Binding to serum albumin appears to be non-saturable. Udgivelsesdato: 1984-Feb...

  5. Low Serum Adiponectin Predicts Future Risk for Asthma in Women

    Sood, Akshay; Qualls, Clifford; Schuyler, Mark; Thyagarajan, Bharat; Steffes, Michael W.; Smith, Lewis J.; Jacobs, David R.


    Rationale: Our previous cross-sectional study showed that serum adiponectin is inversely associated with asthma among women. However, it is not known if serum adiponectin predicts future development of asthma or if asthma affects subsequent serum adiponectin concentrations among women.

  6. Serum creatine kinase after intramuscular injections.

    Konikoff, F; Halevy, J.; Theodor, E


    Serum creatine kinase (CK) activity was measured after intramuscular injections in 44 patients hospitalized for non-cardiac reasons. The drugs injected were: diazepam, dipyrone, metoclopramide, meperidine, pentazocine and procaine penicillin. Only 3 out of 44 patients (7%) demonstrated significant elevation of CK levels following the intramuscular injections. In these 3 patients the elevation was mainly due to a rise of the MM-isoenzyme fraction with MB levels increased in one patient. These ...

  7. Serum radioimmunoassay of laminin and hyaluronic acid

    The assay of serum LN and HA by RIA in 134 hepatopathadic patients reveals that these patients have much higher LN and HA levels than healthy controls (P<0.001); in addition, these higher levels are closely related to the other indices of liver function and to the degree of hepatic injury. The results suggest that the level of LN and LA as a specific index can be used to diagnose early liver fibrosis and chronic diseases, especially cirrhosis

  8. Transport of immunoglobulins from serum into colostrum


    Oligomeric, J-chain-containing immunoglobulins were observed to be transferred selectively from serum into colostrum. These studies suggest that, in the case of the mammary gland secretion, a significant role for extraglandular synthesis of IgA merits consideration. Thus, for example, colostrum may contain antibodies synthesized locally as well as antibodies synthesized in the much larger lymphoid tissues such as the gut lamina propria.

  9. Serum zinc levels in gestational diabetes

    Rahimi Sharbaf F; Mosavy Fakhr Z; Davari Tanha F


    "nBackground: Maternal zinc deficiency during pregnancy has been related to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Most studies in which pregnant women have been supplemented with zinc to examine its effects on the outcome of the pregnancy have been carried out in industrialized countries and the results have been inconclusive. It has been shown that women with gestational diabetes (GDM) have lower serum zinc levels than healthy pregnant women, and higher rates of macrosomia. Zinc is required for n...

  10. Correlation of serum ceruloplasmin with preeclampsia

    Ghaseminejad A; Khodadai N; Nouri jaliani K; Shariat M; Hoshemian E


    "nBackground: Preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. An imbalance between free radical induced lipid peroxidation and antioxidant system has been suggested as possible pathogenesis of preeclapsia. It has been shown correlation of some serum antioxidant agents (for example ceruloplasmin) with preeclampsia and its severity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate of this correlation. "nMethods: In a analytic case-contro...


    Nambakam Tanuja; Girish P


    BACKGROUND: In myocardial infarction, there occurs functional deficit of available magnesium due to trapping of free magnesium in adipocytes. Magnesium has been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction and its complications. Magnesium ions are considered essential for the maintenance of functional integrity of myocardium. The serum magnesium concentration was found to have g reat significance in acute myocardial infarction. The present study was un...

  12. Serum immunoreactive trypsin concentrations in diabetic children.

    Moffat, A.; Marks, V.; Gamble, D. R.


    Serum immunoreactive trypsin (SIT) concentrations measured in 616 children with diabetes of recent onset were low, in both boys and girls, in comparison with reference ranges established in patients with non-diabetic, non-infectious illnesses. The mean SIT concentration was 60% of the mean reference level in children tested within three weeks of the onset of diabetes, and about 40% in patients tested six months after the onset of diabetes. Very low SIT levels were found in about 10% of patien...

  13. Photodynamically generated bovine serum albumin radicals

    Silvester, J A; Timmins, G S; Davies, Michael Jonathan


    Porphyrin-sensitized photoxidation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) results in oxidation of the protein at (at least) two different, specific sites: the Cys-34 residue giving rise to a thiyl radical (RS.); and one or both of the tryptophan residues (Trp-134 and Trp-214) resulting in the formation of...... by a range of proteases. The generation of protein-derived radicals also results in an enhancement of photobleaching of the porphyrin, suggesting that protein radical generation is linked to porphyrin photooxidation....

  14. Measurement of theophylline in human serum

    A radioimmunological (RIA-matsup(R) Theophylline) and a HPLC method for the determination of theophylline concentrations in human serum are compared. HPLC as most specific and precise method is not suitable for greater numbers of analyses due to time needed for chromatography. Theophylline-RIA yields excellent results regarding precision, specificity and recovery with excellent correlation and considerable time savings compared to HPLC. (orig.)

  15. Serum Retinol and Risk of Prostate Cancer

    Mondul, Alison M.; Watters, Joanne L; Männistö, Satu; Weinstein, Stephanie J.; Snyder, Kirk; Virtamo, Jarmo; Albanes, Demetrius


    Greater exposure to retinol (vitamin A) may prevent prostate cancer, although under some conditions it could promote cell growth and de-differentiation. The authors prospectively examined prostate cancer risk and serum retinol levels, measured by using high-performance liquid chromatography, at baseline (n = 29,104) and after 3 years (n = 22,843) in the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study cohort. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the relative risk of to...


    Tharyan, P.; Kuruvilla, K.; Prabhakar, S


    SUMMARY The usefulness of post-ictal serum prolactin changes, as an adjunct, in the differentiation of generalized tonic-clonic seizures and complex partial seizures from hysterical pseudoepileptic seizures, was investigated in a double blind study designed to control for variables known to alter prolactin levels. Significant post-ictal hyper-prolactinemia, with a peak at 20 minutes and a fall towards baseline by 1 hour, was found after complex partial seizures, generalized tonic-clonic seizu...

  17. A radioimmunoassay for urinary and serum dexamethasone

    A radioimmunoassay suitable for measuring dexamethasone concentrations in serum and urine specimens following the low dose dexamethasone suppression test (0.25-1.0 mg dexamethasone) is reported. The assay has a sensitivity of 0.26 nmol/L, a between-assay coefficient of variation (CV) for dexamethasone concentrations between 1.15 and 15.40 nmol/L ranging from 11.7 - 5.5% and recoveries of 91 - 103%. (author)

  18. Serum angiotensin converting enzyme in pneumonias.

    Kerttula, Y; Weber, T H


    Serum concentrations of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) were studied in pneumonias caused by different pathogens and in cases in which the aetiology could not be defined. In all aetiological groups, except in viral pneumonia, there was a significant increase in ACE during recovery (p less than 0.001). In several patients the lowest values during the acute phase of disease and the highest values during recovery were outside the reference limits. In cases with known aetiology the highest AC...

  19. Individual variation in serum cholesterol levels.

    Hegsted, D. M.; Nicolosi, R J


    The intraindividual variances in serum/plasma cholesterol levels from a variety of sources have been examined. It is apparent that these are very substantial with mean coefficients of variation usually between 5% and 10%, even when the diet is controlled in metabolic studies. Some subjects show extreme variability from one blood sample to the next. Thus, it is very difficult to assess the degree of risk of individuals according to the guidelines provided by the Consensus Conference on lowerin...

  20. Kadar Asam Urat Serum sebagai Biomarker Preeklamsi

    Neli Sumanti


    Full Text Available Preeclampsia remains a health problem that becomes one of the causes of maternal deaths besides bleeding and infection. The etiology and pathogenesis of preeclampsia are unclear. Increased serum uric acid levels is seen simultaneously with the increase of blood pressure and occurred before the onset of proteinuria. Therefore, the uric acid can be used as a biomarker. The aim of this study was to analyze the serum uric acid levels between normal and preeclampsia pregnancies. The study was conducted in Dr.Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung between March and May 2011, using cross sectional study design. Subjects were 45 inpartu normal pregnant women as control and 44 in partu pregnant women with preeclampsia accordance with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Levels of uric acid in normal pregnancy are 3,43 ±0.14 mg/dL. In this study uric acid levels resulting in cut-off levels of 4,8 mg/dL with a sensitivity value of 93%, and specificity 80%. Conclusions: uric acid levels in at term preeclampsia are higher compared with normal pregnancies. Increased levels of uric acid can be considered as one of biomarkers of preeclampsia, hence the serum uric acid levels used as serial examinations in pregnant women during antenatal care.

  1. Serum copeptin and pregnancy outcome in preeclampsia

    Kehinde Sola Akinlade


    Full Text Available Background: A number of biochemical predictors of preeclampsia have been reported, but little is known about their possible relationship with maternal and fetal outcomes. This study determined serum copeptin in pregnant women with preeclampsia and assessed its relationship with pregnancy outcomes. Materials and Methods: Thirty women with severe preeclampsia (SP, 30 with mild preeclampsia (MP, and 30 with uncomplicated pregnancy were enrolled into this study. Serum copeptin, creatinine, and liver function were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and colorimetry as appropriate. Pregnancy outcomes, both maternal and fetal, were taken using standard methods. Results: Copeptin was significantly elevated in preeclampsia subjects compared with controls and in SP compared with MP. Assessing the diagnostic property of copeptin for preeclampsia, the area under the curve for copeptin was 0.99. Nine (30% and 3 (10% of SP and MP, respectively had abruptio placenta while 6 (20%, 2 (6.7%, and 1 (3.3% still births were recorded in SP, MP, and controls, respectively. Neonates of mothers with preeclampsia had significantly lower birth weight, infant length, ponderal index, and head circumference compared with neonates of the controls. Copeptin had a significant inverse relationship with birth weight, ponderal index, head circumference, Apgar score, and infant length in neonates of mothers with preeclampsia. Conclusion: Serum copeptin level in the third trimester could predict preeclampsia and its elevation is associated with adverse perinatal outcome.

  2. Measurement of proinsulin in human serum

    Sato, Keizo; Takanohashi, Kenji; Murozono, Soichi; Ishii, Hikaru.


    In this study, we developed a measuring system for proinsulin in human serum. Insulin-like substances (ILS) were isolated from serum by an affinity chromatography, and proinsulin in ILS was separated from insulin by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). For the radioimmunoassay (RIA), porcine proinsulin was used as the standard and as /sup 125/I-labelled antigen, and porcine insulin anti-serum was as the antibody. Proinsulin-like immunoreactivity (PLI) can be estimated directly from a standard curve, and the detection limit of PLI is 0.0044 pmol/ml. By this method, the values of PLI and insulin-like immunoreactivity (IRI) in human blood were able to estimate precisely. PLI values in the fasting state and in 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after oral glucose stimulation from nine healthy subjects were 0.011 +- 0.002, 0.045 +- 0.014, 0.078 +- 0.019, 0.064 +- 0.016, and 0.027 +- 0.006 pmol/ml, respectively. The increase in PLI response was observed later than that in IRI response. PLI/total IRI ratio in the fasting state and 60 min after oral glucose were 24 and 36 % respectively.

  3. Measurement of proinsulin in human serum

    In this study, we developed a measuring system for proinsulin in human serum. Insulin-like substances (ILS) were isolated from serum by an affinity chromatography, and proinsulin in ILS was separated from insulin by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). For the radioimmunoassay (RIA), porcine proinsulin was used as the standard and as 125I-labelled antigen, and porcine insulin anti-serum was as the antibody. Proinsulin-like immunoreactivity (PLI) can be estimated directly from a standard curve, and the detection limit of PLI is 0.0044 pmol/ml. By this method, the values of PLI and insulin-like immunoreactivity (IRI) in human blood were able to estimate precisely. PLI values in the fasting state and in 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after oral glucose stimulation from nine healthy subjects were 0.011 ± 0.002, 0.045 ± 0.014, 0.078 ± 0.019, 0.064 ± 0.016, and 0.027 ± 0.006 pmol/ml, respectively. The increase in PLI response was observed later than that in IRI response. PLI/total IRI ratio in the fasting state and 60 min after oral glucose were 24 and 36 % respectively. (author)

  4. The radioimmunoassay of human serum inhibin

    The measurement of circulating inhibin is essential to the advancement of our understanding of its role in the control of FSH secretion. Recently, sensitive in vitro bioassay systems have been described which have allowed the measurement of inhibin bioactivity in the peripheral serum of immature female rats, sheep and women (C. Tsonis, personal communication) following ovarian hyperstimulation with exogenous gonadotrophins. Inhibin bioactivity has also been shown to rise in ovarian venous blood in the late follicular phase of women and during FSHG administration to primates. Such studies have some important limitations, in particular, the bioassay systems employed lack the sensitivity required for the study of normal physiology, and questions regarding the specificity of in vitro bioassay in application to serum samples have arisen following the reports of FSH releasing factors (transforming growth factor-beta inhibin B subunit dimers) that may confound the accurate assessment of inhibin bioactivity. This paper reports on the development of sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) systems applicable to human serum utilizing highly purified preparations of 58kDa and 31kDa bovine follicular fluid (bFF) inhibin. The development of two RIA systems utilizing antisera raised to either or 31kDa bFF inhibin is detailed and their application to the study of inhibin physiology in the human female during ovulation inducting, the normal menstrual cycle and gestation described

  5. Serum prolactin level in multiple sclerosis patients

    Mohammad Ali Shafa


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS is the most common demyelinating disease. An autoimmune basis has been confirmed for pathogenesis of MS. Prolactin (PRL has roles in these mechanisms. Its serum levels change in MS according to some reports. The purpose of this study was to survey these changes in MS patients. METHODS: Sixty MS patients were included in this cross-sectional study. The same number of controls matched for sex and age were studied. Pregnant, lactating women, consumers of specific medications and patients with underlying diseases were excluded from our study. RIA was used for determination of serum levels of PRL. RESULTS: In this study, PRL level in male patients was 14.23 ± 11.47 ng/ml compared to controls with mean level of 7.21 ± 4.12 ng/ml (P value <0.001. Mean PRL level in female patients was 20.18 ± 11.04 ng/ml whereas controls had a mean level of 14.45 ± 6.93 ng/ml (one-tailed P value <0.05. So there were significant differences in serum PRL level between case and control groups in both men and women CONCLUSIONS: PRL has a positive relation with MS in both sexes. Further studies for determination of causality relation and drug effect in endocrine system on MS pathogenesis are suggested. KEY WORDS: Multiple Sclerosis, prolactin, male, female

  6. Study of serum Helicobacter pylori soluble antigen

    吴勤动; 朱永良


    Objective:to explore a new serological method for detecting Helicobacter pylori(H.pylori) infection.Methods:Serum soluble antigen of H.pylori was detected by using avidin-biotin ELISA technique to evaluate the status of H.pylori infection and for comparison with rapid urease test(RUT).histologic examination and serology,Results:The sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 77.46% ,91.07%,91.67% and 76.12%,respectively.The prevalence rate of werum H. pylori soluble antigen in 138 patients undergong endoscopy was similar to the rate obtained by 14 C-UBT methods(P>0.05).Conclusions:The detection of serum H.pylori soluble antigen(HpSAg) could be used as a new serological method which is accurate,and convenient,not affected by the memorizing raction of serum antibody;is more sensitive,more specific and suitable for dinical diagriosis,and evaluation of eradication and for follow-up of H.pylori as well as for detection in children and pregnant women.

  7. Serum sickness secondary to ciprofloxacin use.

    Guharoy, S R


    Although serum sickness-like reactions are uncommon, various drugs have recently been implicated to manifest the reaction. The following case report is of a possible serum sickness-like reaction secondary to ciprofloxacin use, a commonly prescribed antibiotic in the US. A 62-y-old female developed polyarthralgias, myalgia and a generalized urticarial rash following 5 d use of ciprofloxacin. On admission to the hospital, patient was placed on cefazolin and gentamicin for suspected bacteremia. However, the regimen was discontinued after 72 h because of worsening clinical condition. Patient was placed on iv methylprednisolone therapy, and within 18 h a significant improvement was noted in her myalgias and rash. Over the next 72 h the steroid therapy was changed to a po regimen and the patient became asymptomatic 5 d after the initiation of steroid therapy. Patient was discharged on day 9 of hospital admission. Though serum sickness-like reactions have been reported with various drugs, only 1 case has been reported implicating ciprofloxacin. Clinicians should be aware of this potential adverse event secondary to ciprofloxacin use. PMID:7900274


    Ankita; Nigam; Reeni; Jain; Atul


    BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most prevalent forms of malnutrition. The list of diagnostic tools is quite long starting from the basic hemogram, p.s for comment, reticulocyte count to iron studies including serum ferritin, serum iron, total iron binding capacity. Evaluation of the bone marrow iron stores is the gold standard. AIM: To perform a correlation study between Perl’s Prussian blue stained bone marrow aspirate smears and serum iron and serum ferr...


    Shilpa,; Girish M; Patil, MR; Malipatil


    : BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to females and nearly universal experience in women's lives and is poorly understood. It is characterized by co-ordinate sequence of hormonal changes but the changes that occur in the distribution of hematological parameters, biochemical parameters have not been clearly established. AIMS: To compare Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Serum total protein, Serum albumin, Serum globulin and Red Blood Cell count (RBC) in dif...

  10. IL-8 and cathepsin B as melanoma serum biomarkers.

    Zhang, Hongtao; Fu, Ting; McGettigan, Suzanne; Kumar, Suresh; Liu, Shujing; Speicher, David; Schuchter, Lynn; Xu, Xiaowei


    Melanoma accounts for only a small portion of skin cancer but it is associated with high mortality. Melanoma serum biomarkers that may aid early diagnosis or guide therapy are needed clinically. However, studies of serum biomarkers have often been hampered by the serum interference that causes false readouts in immunological tests. Here we show that, after using a special buffer to eliminate the serum interference, IL-8 and cathepsin B levels were significantly elevated in melanoma patients (p < 0.05). More importantly, the combination of IL-8 and cathepsin B were also studied as a prognosis marker for melanoma mortality. Our study provides a novel approach to examine serum biomarkers. PMID:21673904

  11. Radioactive determination of serum thyroxine. [/sup 125/I tracer technique

    Shannon, C.F.; Dahlstrom, R.V.


    A method for determining serum thyroxine (T-4) in which the T-4 is first separated from the serum by adsorption onto a montmorillonite clay and then competitively bound by exogenous thyroxine binding globulin in the presence of a known amount of radioactive T-4. The competitively bound serum T-4 and radioactive T-4 is separated from the unbound serum T-4 and radioactive T-4 by passage through an ion exchange resin column. The serum T-4 concentration is determined by measuring the amount of bound radioactive T-4 and referring to a standard curve.

  12. Proteome profiling analysis of human ovarian cancer serum samples

    Mass Spectrometry represents a powerful tool in cancer research to discovery of potential bio markers through peak identification from serum profiling. By using high resolution MALDITOF and bioinformatic analysis almost 400 serum sample homogeneously distributed between biopsy confirmed ovarian cancer and high risk serum samples were analyzed. Each serum sample run in duplicate and whole serum sample preparation procedure has been performed by Hamilton Star Robot in order to reduce bias and the replicates with a low Pearson coefficient are removed. After automated reverse phase magnetic beads separation the samples were tested in MALDI-TOF

  13. Radioimmunoassay for determination of thyroglobulin in human serum

    We described the development and analytical evaluation of a radioimmunoassay with double antibody in liquid phase for human serum thyroglobulin determination using a set of reagents produced in the National Institute of Endocrinology. The reference interval for normal population was 5.7 - 44 ng/ml (X± 2DS; n=170). The intra-assay precipision was 8.1 % (control serum A) and 7.0 (control serum B) and the inter-assay precision was 9.1 % (control serum A) and 9.2 % (control serum B). The sensibility was 4.7 ng/ml and the recovery was 95 %

  14. Pro: Higher serum bicarbonate in dialysis patients is protective.

    Misra, Madhukar


    Chronic metabolic acidosis is common in dialysis patients. Bicarbonate administration via the dialysate helps maintain the acid-base balance in these patients. Serum bicarbonate level in dialysis patients is determined by several factors that include dietary protein intake, nutritional status and dialysis prescription, etc. Additionally, a meaningful interpretation of serum bicarbonate in dialysis patients requires an understanding of complexities involving its measurement. Both very low as well very high levels of serum bicarbonate have been associated with adverse outcomes in observational studies. However, recent observational data, when adjusted for the confounding effects of nutritional status, do not associate higher predialysis serum bicarbonate with adverse consequences. At this time, there are no prospective studies available that have examined the association of serum bicarbonate with hard outcomes in dialysis patients. The ideal level of serum bicarbonate in dialysis patients is therefore unknown. This article examines the available data with regard to the benefits of higher predialysis serum bicarbonate. PMID:27411723

  15. Relationship Between the Serum Leptin and Children with Malnutrition

    To investigate the relationship between the serum leptin and the children with malnutrition, the serum leptin levels in 50 malnourished children and 50 normal children were determined by RIA. The results showed that the serum leptin levels in children with malnutrition were significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). The serum leptin levels in children with malnutrition were positively correlated with body mass index values (r= 0.650, P<0.05), and positively correlated with serum albumin values (r= 0.740,P<0.05). The serum leptin levels in female children were higher than that in men children. The leptin may involve in the regulation of the body nutritional status of children. The serum leptin level may be correlated with the degree of child malnutrition and may be used as a laboratory indicator for the diagnosis of child malnutrition. (authors)

  16. Serum cytokeratin 19 fragment in advanced lung cancer: could we eventually have a serum tumor marker?

    Bastawisy, Ahmed El; azzouny, Mahmoud El; Mohammed, Gamal; allah, Ahmad Awad; Behiry, Eman


    Introduction: Lung cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies; however, no serum marker has been routinely recommended until now. Methods: This is a prospective case control study including two groups of patients: Group I—patients with advanced lung cancer and Group II—patients with benign lung disease as control. Serum cytokeratin 19 (CK19) fragment levels were measured at baseline by real-time polymerase chain reaction before first-line chemotherapy. The CK19 cut-off taken was 15-cycle t...

  17. Serum dioxin concentration and age at Menarche

    Warner, M.; Samuels, S.; Eskenazi, B. [Univ. of California at Berkeley (United States); Mocarelli, P.; Gerthoux, P.M. [Univ. of Milano-Biococca (Italy); Needham, L.; Patterson, D. Jr. [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (United States)


    To date, no epidemiologic studies have examined the association of TCDD exposure and age at menarche. Three studies, however, have examined the relation of dioxin-like compounds to pubertal development, with inconsistent conclusions. A study of daughters of Michigan women who had consumed polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) in food in 1973, found an earlier age at menarche among daughters whose mothers had higher serum PBB levels 8. No differences were found in age at menarche of Taiwanese women who were exposed postnatally (but premenarche) to PCBs and PCDFs via consumption of contaminated rice oil (Yu-Cheng) compared to unexposed 9. In Flemish adolescents, there was no relation of age at menarche with current serum levels of dioxin-like compounds as measured by Chemical Activated LUciferase gene eXpression bioassay toxic equivalents (CALUX-TEQ) or individual PCB congeners 118, 153, and 180 10. On July 10, 1976, as a result of a chemical explosion, residents of Seveso, Italy experienced the highest levels of TCDD exposure in a human population. Twenty years later (1996-1998), the Seveso Women's Health Study (SWHS), a retrospective cohort study, was initiated to determine whether the women were at higher risk for reproductive disease. Among participants in SWHS, we have observed that TCDD levels are associated with an increase in menstrual cycle length among those who were premenarcheal at exposure, but not in those who were postmenarcheal at exposure 11. Consistent with animal studies 12, this suggests that females may be particularly susceptible to the effects of TCDD during early stages of development, e.g. in utero or pre-pubertal. Thus, here we examine the association of individual serum TCDD and age of menarche among women who were premenarcheal in 1976, at the time of explosion.

  18. Molecular sex differences in human serum.

    Jordan M Ramsey

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sex is an important factor in the prevalence, incidence, progression, and response to treatment of many medical conditions, including autoimmune and cardiovascular diseases and psychiatric conditions. Identification of molecular differences between typical males and females can provide a valuable basis for exploring conditions differentially affected by sex. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using multiplexed immunoassays, we analyzed 174 serum molecules in 9 independent cohorts of typical individuals, comprising 196 males and 196 females. Sex differences in analyte levels were quantified using a meta-analysis approach and put into biological context using k-means to generate clusters of analytes with distinct biological functions. Natural sex differences were established in these analyte groups and these were applied to illustrate sexually dimorphic analyte expression in a cohort of 22 males and 22 females with Asperger syndrome. Reproducible sex differences were found in the levels of 77 analytes in serum of typical controls, and these comprised clusters of molecules enriched with distinct biological functions. Analytes involved in fatty acid oxidation/hormone regulation, immune cell growth and activation, and cell death were found at higher levels in females, and analytes involved in immune cell chemotaxis and other indistinct functions were higher in males. Comparison of these naturally occurring sex differences against a cohort of people with Asperger syndrome indicated that a cluster of analytes that had functions related to fatty acid oxidation/hormone regulation was associated with sex and the occurrence of this condition. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Sex-specific molecular differences were detected in serum of typical controls and these were reproducible across independent cohorts. This study extends current knowledge of sex differences in biological functions involved in metabolism and immune function. Deviations from typical

  19. Calumenin interacts with serum amyloid P component

    Vorum, H; Jacobsen, Christian; Honoré, Bent

    secretory pathway that include reticulocalbin, ERC-55, Cab45 and crocalbin. In order to further investigate the extracellular functions of calumenin we immobilized the recombinant protein to a column. After application of a placental tissue extract we were able to elute one protein that interacts with...... calumenin in the presence of Ca(2+). Amino acid sequencing identified this protein as serum amyloid P component (SAP). Furthermore, we verified and characterized the calumenin-SAP interaction by the surface plasmon resonance technique. The findings indicate that calumenin may participate in the...

  20. Aggregation and fibrillation of bovine serum albumin

    Holm, NK; Jespersen, SK; Thomassen, LV;


    The all-alpha helix multi-domain protein bovine serum albumin (BSA) aggregates at elevated temperatures. Here we show that these thermal aggregates have amyloid properties. They bind the fibril-specific dyes Thioflavin T and Congo Red, show elongated although somewhat worm-like morphology and...... characteristic amyloid X-ray fiber diffraction peaks. Fibrillation occurs over minutes to hours without a lag phase, is independent of seeding and shows only moderate concentration dependence, suggesting intramolecular aggregation nuclei. Nevertheless, multi-exponential increases in dye-binding signal and...

  1. Purification of human serum hyaluronidase using chromatofocusing

    Fenger, M


    A commercial chromatofocusing system was applied to Cohn's fraction III of human serum to purify hyaluronidase (E.C. The protein that eluted in the pH range 4.7-5.3 was pooled and precipitated by adding ammonium sulphate to 50% saturation. This sequence of fractionation purified...... hyaluronidase extensively by immunological criteria. It is shown that hyaluronidase is a population of enzymes displaying microheterogeneity. The commercial chromatofocusing system behaved as theoretically expected. The capacity of the gel is 3 mg per ml gel. Any overload will be trapped or precipitated in the...

  2. Serum zinc levels in gestational diabetes

    Rahimi Sharbaf F


    Full Text Available "nBackground: Maternal zinc deficiency during pregnancy has been related to adverse pregnancy outcomes. Most studies in which pregnant women have been supplemented with zinc to examine its effects on the outcome of the pregnancy have been carried out in industrialized countries and the results have been inconclusive. It has been shown that women with gestational diabetes (GDM have lower serum zinc levels than healthy pregnant women, and higher rates of macrosomia. Zinc is required for normal glucose metabolism, and strengthens the insulin-induced transportation of glucose into cells by its effect on the insulin signaling pathway. The purpose of this study was to assess the serum zinc levels of GDM patients and evaluate the effect of zinc supplementation. "nMethods: In the first stage of this prospective controlled study, we enrolled 70 women who were 24-28 weeks pregnant at the Prenatal Care Center of Mirza Kochak Khan Hospital, Tehran, Iran. The serum zinc level of each subject was determined. In the second stage, among these 70 subjects, the diabetics receiving insulin were divided into two groups, only one of which received a zinc supplement and the other group was the control group. Birth weight of neonates and insulin dosages were recorded. "nResults: The mean serum zinc level in the GDM group was lower than that of the control group (94.83 vs. 103.49mg/dl, respectively and the mean birth weight of neonates from the GDM women who received the zinc supplement was lower than that of the control group (3849g vs. 4136g. The rate of macrosomia was lower in the zinc supplemented group (20% vs. 53%. The mean of increase of insulin after receiving the zinc supplement was lower (8.4u vs. 13.53. "nConclusion: Maternal insulin resistance is associated with the accumulation of maternal fat tissue during early stages of pregnancy and greater fetoplacental nutrient availability in later stages, when 70% of fetal growth occurs, resulting in macrosomia. In

  3. Serum thymulin in human zinc deficiency.

    Prasad, A S; Meftah, S; J. Abdallah; Kaplan, J.; Brewer, G J; Bach, J F; Dardenne, M


    The activity of thymulin (a thymic hormone) is dependent on the presence of zinc in the molecule. We assayed serum thymulin activity in three models of mildly zinc-deficient (ZD) human subjects before and after zinc supplementation: (a) two human volunteers in whom a specific and mild zinc deficiency was induced by dietary means; (b) six mildly ZD adult sickle cell anemia (SCA) subjects; and (c) six mildly ZD adult non-SCA subjects. Their plasma zinc levels were normal and they showed no over...

  4. Interaction of Nicotine and Bovine Serum Albumin


    The binding of nicotine to bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied by UV absorption, fluorescence, and 1H NMR methods. With the addition of nicotine, the absorption band of BSA at about 210 nm decreased gradually, moved to longer wavelengths, and narrowed. BSA fluorescence of tryptophan residue was quenched by nicotine. The 1H NMR peaks of nicotine moved to downfield by the addition of BSA. The experimental results showed that nicotine was capable of binding with BSA to form a 1:1 complex. BSA's high selectivity for nicotine binding suggests a unique role for this protein in the detoxification and/or transport of nicotine.

  5. Blood serum components and serum protein test of Hybro-PG broilers of different ages

    PRL Silva


    Full Text Available Blood serum samples of HYBRO PG broilers were analyzed, with 30 samples collected from 21-day-old broilers (G1, 30 from 35-day-old birds (G2, and 30 from 42-day-old birds (G3, with the aim of establishing normal values of some blood serum parameters. The activities of the enzymes gamma-glutamyl-transferase (GGT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, creatine kinase (CK, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, serum levels of total calcium, calcium ion, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium, chlorides, creatinine, uric acid, triglycerides, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, total and indirect and direct bilirubin, and electrophoretic profile of serum proteins in acrylamide (SDS-PAGE and agarose gel were determined. There was no influence of age on total bilirubin and albumin levels. All the other evaluated parameters presented differences in at least one age group. Protein electrophoretic profile also changed as a function of age. The obtained results can be considered as normal for the studied ages, and therefore be used as references for the interpretation of laboratory exams of broilers of this genetic line in the evaluated ages.

  6. Discovery and identification of Serum Amyloid A protein elevated in lung cancer serum

    DAI SongWei; WANG XiaoMin; LIU LiYun; LIU JiFu; WU ShanShan; HUANG LingYun; XIAO XueYuan; HE DaCheng


    Two hundred and eighteen serum samples from 175 lung cancer patients and 43 healthy individuals were analyzed by using Surface Enhaced Laser Desorption/lonization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS). The data analyzed by both Biomarker WizardTM and Biomarker PatternsTM software showed that a protein peak with the molecular weight of 11.6 kDa significantly increased in lung cancer.Meanwhile, the level of this biomarker was progressively increased with the clinical stages of lung cancer. The candidate biomarker was then obtained from tricine one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis by matching the molecular weight with peaks on WCX2 chips and was identified as Serum Amyloid A protein (SAA) by MALDI/MS-MS and database searching. It was further validated in the same serum samples by immunoprecipitation with commercial SAA antibody.To confirm the SAA differential expression in lung cancer patients, the same set of serum samples was measured by ELISA assay. The result showed that at the cutoff point 0.446 (OD value) on the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve, SAA could better discriminate lung cancer from healthy individuals with sensitivity of 84.1% and specificity of 80%. These findings demonstrated that SAA could be characterized as a biomarker related to pathological stages of lung cancer.

  7. Early effects of erythropoietin on serum hepcidin and serum iron bioavailability in healthy volunteers.

    Lainé, Fabrice; Laviolle, Bruno; Ropert, Martine; Bouguen, Guillaume; Morcet, Jeff; Hamon, Catherine; Massart, Catherine; Westermann, Mark; Deugnier, Yves; Loréal, Olivier


    Hepcidin regulates plasma iron bioavailability and subsequently iron availability for erythropoiesis. rHuEPO has been reported to decrease hepcidin expression in case of repeated subcutaneous injections. Thus, hepcidin level measurement could be a candidate marker for detection of rHuEPO abuse. However, when used for doping, rHuEPO can be injected intravenously and the scheme of injection is unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the early effects of a single intravenous rHuEPO injection on serum hepcidin levels. Fourteen male healthy volunteers received one intravenous injection of 50 U/Kg of rHuEPO during a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, cross-over study. Serum hepcidin, quantified by a competitive ELISA method and iron parameters was then evaluated for 24 h. Serum levels of hepcidin were significantly increased 4 h after rHuEPO injection when compared with placebo injection (78.3 ± 55.5 vs. 57.5 ± 34.6 ng/ml, respectively; +36%, p recombinant EPO induces a precocious and transient increase of serum hepcidin leading to a transient decrease of iron bioavailability. The transitory increase and dynamics of its concentration make difficult the practical use of hepcidin to detect rHuEPO doping. PMID:21818622

  8. [Serum procalcitonin and respiratory tract infections].

    Zarka, V; Valat, C; Lemarié, E; Boissinot, E; Carré, P; Besnard, J C; Diot, P


    The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum procalcitonine (PCT) assay in adult respiratory infections. Forty-nine patients admitted with pleurisy, community-acquired pneumonia, tuberculosis, infection were included in this prospective study. PCT was assayed on admission and discharge. Biological and clinical parameters of gravity were also evaluated. Twenty patients had elevated PCT of more than 0.50 ng/ml. In 29 patients, PCT was undetectable. The serum PCT level was normal in the patients with tuberculosis, infection, pneumocytosis. PCT did not correlate with the biological and clinical markers of the disease severity but the evolution of PCT correlated with the evolution of C-reactive-protein (r = 0.58, p < 0.05). PCT seems to be an early marker of the evolution of respiratory infections, but it does not help to establish prognosis. Further studies are necessary to assess the potential value of PCT in more severe respiratory infections requiring assisted ventilation. PMID:10685471

  9. Thyroid stimulating hormone stability in serum

    Thyroid stimulating Hormone (TSH) is a thermo labile peptide hormone. It is unstable in serum and rapidly degrades when exposed to ambient temperature (temp) for considerable time. The stability of TSH with regard to storage temp, duration and added preservative was evaluated for performing TSH essay, Venous blood was collected in 5 ml plain and aprotinin containing glass tubes from 37 individuals aged 15-56 years serum obtained was analysed for TSH at zero time value, then divided into 3 aliquots, sets with and without aprotinin. One set was kept at room temperature (RT), 2nd at 4 degree centigrade and 3rd at 20 degree centigrade TSH was measured after 24 and 72 hours for comparison to the zero time value of TSH. Significant decline in TSH was seen in the samples stored at RT for 72 hours. This effect was abolished when aprotinin, the protease inhibitor, was added to the samples, No significant difference from zero time value was noticed in the aprotinin-treated or untreated sera when kept at RT for 24 hours or when stored at 4 degree centigrade -20 degree centigrade for 72 hours. Thus we concluded that proper storage and addition of aprotinin may significantly reduce TSH degradation. (author)

  10. Serum Iron, Haemoglobin and Serum Lipid Peroxidation in Neonates with Respiratory Disorders

    Sushama P. Dhonde


    Full Text Available Respiratory disorders are the most common cause for higher morbidity and mortality rate in India. Higher oxygen concentration of extrauterine existence causes increased erythrocyte lysis lead to release of iron in neonates. Iron is known to catalyze the formation of Reactive oxygen species. Involvement of hemoglobin and iron in oxygen-mediated reactions stimulate us to study the role of these in neonates.Objectives :iTo estimate the concentration of Haemoglobin, serum iron, serum lipid peroxidation in neonates with respiratory disorders; and compare those with that of healthy controls. iiTo study the role of these parameters in neonates with respiratory disorders.Materials and Methods: Present study includes 50 neonates suffering from respiratory disorders and 50 healthy neonates as controls. Samples collected from these were used for the estimation of haemoglobin, serum iron, and serum lipid peroxidation.Observations: Significantly (p<0.001 increased levels of serum iron and lipid peroxidation were observed in neonates with respiratory disorders when compared those with control values. These levels were found significantly (p<0.001 higher in preterm than full-term neonates. Concentration of haemoglobin showed no significant difference in both groups.Conclusion: Exacerbation of oxidative stress in neonates with respiratory disorders may be due to hypoxia induced free radical generation, higher oxidative tendency of HbF and elevated iron. Premature neonates are probably unprepared for extra uterine life in an oxygen rich environment and due to this they are more prone to oxidative insult. Thus this study reveals the pro-oxidant role of HbF and iron, which enhances the oxidative stress in respiratory disorder.

  11. Serum transferrin receptor, serum ferritin and serum transferrin receptor-ferritin index in adults with iron deficiency anaemia

    Bone marrow iron store has been considered the gold standard, but is invasive, painful and expensive and not suitable for everyone. serum transferrin receptor (stfr) which is the concentration of the soluble fragment of transferrin receptor in serum, is an important new haematological parameter. the ratio of stfr to log sf is known as stfr-sf index. this study was conducted to evaluate stfr, ferritin and stfr-f index in diagnosing and differentiating iron deficiency anaemia (ida) from anaemia of chronic disease (acd). methods: one hundred and sixteen (116) adult subjects (80 anaemic and 36 controls) who already had their bone marrow examination done for various reasons were included in the study. stfr, sf, and their index were measured and compared with bone marrow iron stores. absence of iron stores denoted ida whereas increased macrophage iron with decreased siderocytes and sideroblasts was diagnostic of acd. results: out of 80 anaemic patients, 47 were diagnosed as ida while 33 were diagnosed as acd. in case of ida the diagnostic accuracy of index was 91.57%, stfr had accuracy of 85.54% while sf had accuracy of 75.90%. in case of acd, the diagnostic accuracy of stfr was 91.30%, index 89.86%, while sf had accuracy of 79.71%. conclusion: stfr-sf index is a better parameter than stfr or ferritin alone but should only be used when the results of these parameters seem altered or a bone marrow aspiration is mandatory for diagnosis of acd. the estimation of stfr or index may offer a simple non invasive method that may enable more accurate assessments of iron status in such patients. (author)

  12. Immunoassay of serum alpha-1 antitrypsin level in uveitis.

    Gupta, A K; Sarin, G. S.


    The serum alpha-1 antitrypsin level was measured in 60 patients with endogenous uveitis, 27 patients with phacoallergic endophthalmitis, 12 patients with phacolytic glaucoma, and 58 healthy subjects. Thirty-four patients with endogenous uveitis were also followed up for 6 months after treatment, and the serum alpha-1 antitrypsin level was measured again. There was a significant rise in the serum alpha-1 antitrypsin level in cases of endogenous uveitis and phacoallergic endophthalmitis but no ...

  13. Alterations in serum lipid profile patterns in oral cancer

    Singh, Simranjit; Ramesh, Venkatapathy; Premalatha, Balakrishnan; Prashad, Karthikshree Vishnu; Ramadoss, Koliyan


    Background: Alterations in serum lipids have long been associated with cancer as lipids play an important role in maintenance of cell integrity. Aims: To evaluate alterations in plasma lipid profile in oral cancer patients, to compare and correlate the serum lipid profile in different grades of carcinoma and to evaluate the correlation of serum lipid profile between the tobacco habituates and non-habituates. Materials and Methods: Among 75 study subjects, 50 individuals were oral carcinoma pa...

  14. A Survey of Membrane Proteins in Human Serum

    Dung, Nguyen Tien; Chi, Phan Van


    Serum and membrane proteins are two of the most attractive targets for proteomic analysis. Previous membrane protein studies tend to focus on tissue sample, while membrane protein studies in serum are still limited. In this study, an analysis of membrane proteins in normal human serum was carried out. Nano-liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (NanoLC-ESI-MS/MS) and bioinformatics tools were used to identify membrane proteins. Two hundred and seventeen membrane prote...

  15. Effect of tetracycline administration on serum amylase activity in calves

    Zendehbad, Bamdad; Alipour, Adeleh; Zendehbad, Hussein


    Tetracycline and related compounds are used extensively as broad spectrum antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial infections in ruminants. Tetracycline may cause acute pancreatitis which may result in increased serum amylase activity. However, it has been shown that administration of oxytetracycline in human results in decrease serum amylase activity. In this study changes in serum amylase activity were measured in 20 clinically healthy calves following intravenous injection of oxytetracycl...

  16. Antibacterial activities of serum from the Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis

    Mark Merchant


    Full Text Available Komodo dragons (Varanus komodoensis are able to feed on large prey items by injecting a dose of toxic bacteria with their bite that, over time, kills the prey by systemic infection. Dragons also suffer bites from other members of their own species during territorial disputes and feeding frenzies. However, they do not suffer the same fate as their prey, suggesting that they have developed a strong immunity to bacterial infections. This study was undertaken to determine the antibacterial activities of serum from the Komodo dragon. Bacterial cultures were treated with different volumes serum from Varanus komodoensis and the growth was monitored by optical density at 430 nm. In addition, the serum was treated with protease, chelators of divalent metal ions, or with mild heat to determine the mechanism of antibacterial activities. Treatment of bacterial cultures with serum from Komodo dragons (Varanus komodoensis resulted in a volume-dependent decrease in bacterial growth. Cultures of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella oxytoca exhibited moderate-strong growth inhibition by V. komodoensis serum, while cultures of Streptococcus epidermitis, Salmonella typhimurium, Providencia stuartii, and Shigella flexneri were nearly completely obliterated for 24 h by only 10% (v/v serum. The antibacterial activity of V. komodensis serum occurred very rapidly, as 18% of E. coli growth was inhibited by a five min exposure to serum. Furthermore, 10- and 20-min incubations of E. coli with serum from V. komodoensis resulted in 43 and 68% inhibition of bacterial growth, respectively. The bactericidal capacity of the serum against E. coli was 2,075,000 bacteria/μL serum, and was inhibited by mild heat treatment, pronase, EDTA, and phosphate, indicating that the anti-bacterial action is most probably due to the presence of a potent serum complement protein system.

  17. Quantifying serum antibody in bird fanciers' hypersensitivity pneumonitis

    Anderson Kenneth; Ismail Tengku; Dye George M; McSharry Charles; Spiers Elizabeth M; Boyd Gavin


    Abstract Background Detecting serum antibody against inhaled antigens is an important diagnostic adjunct for hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP). We sought to validate a quantitative fluorimetric assay testing serum from bird fanciers. Methods Antibody activity was assessed in bird fanciers and control subjects using various avian antigens and serological methods, and the titer was compared with symptoms of HP. Results IgG antibody against pigeon serum antigens, quantified by fluorimetry, provi...

  18. Serum Biochemical Profile of Post Partum Metritic Cow

    Magnus P. K.; Lali F. A.


    Present study was conducted to find out the relationship between serum biochemical profile and postpartum metritis. Mainly serum glucose, total protein, albumin, albumin globulin ratio, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and calcium were studied. Colorimetric method was used for quantitative estimation of biochemical profile. Twenty-seven animals with recent history of calving and subsequent metritis were included in the study. On analysis, serum glucose was found to be 22.3 ± 2.1...

  19. Racial difference in serum Vitamin B12 levels

    Measurements of the serum Vitamin B12 concentrations of 49 black and 49 white healthy adults demonstrate a significantly higher mean serum Vitamin B12 level in blacks when compared to whites. The reason for this difference appears to be genetic, although environmental factors may also be involved. It is suggested that clinical laboratories should establish their own separate reference values of serum Vitamin B12 for blacks and whites in order to prevent misinterpretation of test results


    Preeti; Devinder Singh; Ashok; Sahiba


    BACKGROUND: Serum ferritin, which measures stored iron, is an inflammatory marker and a potential novel risk factor for CAD. Its role in coronary artery disease like acute myocardial infarction has generated considerable interest in recent times. There is a plethora of articles reporting the relationship between serum ferritin and acute myocardial infarction but with conflicting and contradictory results. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1) To compare serum ferritin levels in cases of...

  1. The association between serum ferritin with colorectal cancer

    Feng, Zhe; Chen, Ji-Wei; Feng, Jian-Hua; Shen, Fei; Cai, Wen-Song; Jie CAO; Xu, Bo


    There are conflicting reports on the correlation between serum levels of ferritin with colorectal cancer. The purpose of the present study is to clarify the association between serum ferritin with colorectal cancer using a meta-analysis approach. We searched articles indexed in Pubmed published as of July 2015 that met our predefined criteria. Six eligible articles involving 927 subjects were identified. Overall, pooled analysis indicated that subjects with colorectal cancer had lower serum l...

  2. PPARalpha regulates the production of serum Vanin-1 by liver.

    Rommelaere, Samuel; Millet, Virginie; Gensollen, Thomas; Bourges, Christophe; Eeckhoute, Jérôme; Hennuyer, Nathalie; Baugé, Eric; Chasson, Lionel; Cacciatore, Ivana; Staels, Bart; Pitari, Giuseppina; Galland, Franck; Naquet, Philippe


    The membrane-bound Vanin-1 pantetheinase regulates tissue adaptation to stress. We investigated Vnn1 expression and its regulation in liver. Vnn1 is expressed by centrolobular hepatocytes. Using novel tools, we identify a soluble form of Vnn1 in mouse and human serum and show the contribution of a cysteine to its catalytic activity. We show that liver contributes to Vanin-1 secretion in serum and that PPARalpha is a limiting factor in serum Vnn1 production. Functional PPRE sites are identified in the Vnn1 promoter. These results indicate that serum Vnn1 might be a reliable reporter of PPARalpha activity in liver. PMID:24140347

  3. Serum IgG Subclasses in Autoimmune Diseases

    Zhang, Haoze; Ping LI; Wu, Di; Xu, Dong; Hou, Yong; Qian WANG; Li, Mengtao; Li, Yongzhe; Zeng, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Fengchun; Shi, Qun


    Abstract To characterize serum IgG subclass levels in several autoimmune diseases, including primary Sjogren syndrome (pSS), systemic sclerosis (SSc), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). We aimed to analyze serum IgG subclass distribution and to test whether serum IgG4 levels are elevated in these diseases. Serum IgG subclass levels from 102 pSS, 102 SSc, 100 SLE, and 59 PBC patients, as well as 40 healthy controls (HCs), were measured using the immunoneph...

  4. Serum testosterone concentrations in men with alcoholic cirrhosis

    Gluud, C


    had serum testosterone concentrations above 30 nmol/L. Serum concentrations of sex-hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) were significantly (P less than .001) raised, and serum concentrations of calculated nonprotein-bound and non-SHBG-bound testosterone were significantly (P less than .001) decreased in...... patients compared to normal control values. A number of background variables were analyzed with reference to serum testosterone concentrations by means of multiple regression techniques after having divided the patients into groups (A, B, C) with decreasing liver function by a modification of the Child...

  5. Serum YKL-40 and gestational diabetes - an observational cohort study

    Gybel-Brask, Dorte; Johansen, Julia S; Christiansen, Ib J;


    To examine serum YKL-40 in women developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). In the present large observational cohort study of 1179 pregnant women, we determined serum YKL-40 four times during pregnancy (at gestational age 12, 20, 25, and 32 weeks). Pregnancy outcome was obtained from medical...... records. Sixty-eight women (5.8%) developed GDM. Serum YKL-40 increased from gestational age (GA) 12 weeks and the following weeks in the women who developed GDM and was independent of BMI, parity, and maternal age (OR = 2.69, 95% CI: 1.45-5.00, p = 0.002). No association was found between serum YKL-40...

  6. Klotho is a serum factor related to human aging

    肖能明; 张焱明; 郑权; 顾军


    Background Does klotho (KL) protein exist in human serum, and is there any correlation between KL protein in serum with human aging? In order to answer those questions, we identified KL protein in human serum and established the correlation between KL protein in human serum and aging.Methods We prepared a polyclonal antibody against human KL protein that was able to recognize the C-terminal of human secreted KL protein. Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to identify KL protein in human serum.Results In Western blot, the antibody specifically recognized a 60-kD KL protein in both human and mice serum. The population aged from 0 to 91 years screened by ELISA revealed that the level of serum KL declined while age increased, though each individual level was variable and that the trend of decreasing in serum KL had no difference in sex.Conclusion Our data suggest that KL is a serum factor related to human aging.




    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia is by far the most frequent type of anemia seen in pregnancy, accounting for 90% or more of all cases. Iron deficiency anemia has adverse consequences on infant development. Therefore maternal anemia should be prevented and treated. Serum ferritin is the single best non-invasive test and is a very useful and reliable index of iron stores especially during pregnancy, with low levels indicating iron deficiency. While infants born to anemic mother are themselves not anemic, they do not suffer from low iron stores. The main aim of the study is to establish cord serum ferritin as a biochemical marker in iron deficiency anemia. The specific objectives of this study is to estimate cord and maternal serum ferritin in the last trimester of pregnancy and to correlate it with hematological parameters. Cord serum ferritin levels were normal in the patients under study, even when the maternal serum ferritin levels were decreased. The mean level of cord serum ferritin was 134.06ng/ml and maternal serum ferritin was 41.65ng/ml and was statistically significant. The hematological parameters like hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV and MCHC were also decreased in the patients with low serum ferritin and were found to be statistically significant. Hence estimation of cord serum ferritin can be used as a biochemical marker to assess iron deficiency in the early stages itself and thereby neurodevelopmental complications in children can be prevented.

  8. Measurement of ferritin in serum: Application in Diagnostic use

    van Oost, B A; Beld, B. van den; Cloin, L.G.L.M.; Marx, J.J.M.


    A sandwich-type radioimmunoassay for serum ferritin was developed using iron-rich human liver ferritin and evaluated for its clinical usefulness. In young healthy males and females, the mean serum ferritin concentrations were 44 μg/L (range 7–158) and 16 μg/L (range 4–56), respectively. In anemic patients lower serum ferritin concentrations were found, while in most patients with iron overload serum ferritin concentrations well above 1000 μg/L were measured. Comparison of our method with a co...

  9. Serum levels of fetal antigen 1 in extreme nutritional States

    Andries, Alin; Niemeier, Andreas; Støving, Rene K; Abdallah, Basem M; Wolf, Anna-Maria; Hørder, Kirsten; Kassem, Moustapha


    Objective. Recent data suggest that fetal antigen (FA1) is linked to disorders of body weight. Thus, we measured FA1 serum levels in two extreme nutritional states of morbid obesity (MO) and anorexia nervosa (AN) and monitored its response to weight changes. Design. FA1 and insulin serum concentr......Objective. Recent data suggest that fetal antigen (FA1) is linked to disorders of body weight. Thus, we measured FA1 serum levels in two extreme nutritional states of morbid obesity (MO) and anorexia nervosa (AN) and monitored its response to weight changes. Design. FA1 and insulin serum...

  10. Acute Pancreatitis with Normal Serum Lipase: A Case Series

    Anish M Shah


    Full Text Available Context Acute pancreatitis is diagnosed on the basis of clinical features, biochemical tests and imaging studies. Normal serum amylase level has been reported in the setting of acute pancreatitis but normal serum lipase level in acute pancreatitis is extremely rare. Case report Herein, we present a case series of acute pancreatitis with normal serum lipase levels along with a review of the topic. Conclusion In appropriate clinical setting, the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis should be entertained even with normal serum amylase and lipase levels.

  11. Undetectable serum calcidiol: not everything that glitters is gold

    Gallegos-Bayas, Gioconda; Pascual-Pareja, José Francisco; Sanchez-Niño, Maria D.; Manzarbeitia, Felix; Ortiz, Alberto


    There is an increased awareness of the adverse consequences of nutritional vitamin D deficiency. We report a patient with chronic tophaceous gout, chronic kidney disease (CKD) Stage 3/4 and undetectable serum calcidiol who developed severe hypercalcaemia upon vitamin D supplementation despite serum 25(OH) vitamin D within the normal range. Upon recovery, serum 1,25(OH)2 vitamin D remained in the normal range despite CKD and serum 25(OH) vitamin D 6 ng/mL. Gout tophi biopsies from additional p...

  12. Comparative study on influence of fetal bovine serum and serum of adult rat on cultivation of newborn rat neural cells

    Sukach A. N.


    Full Text Available Aim. To study the influence of fetal bovine serum and serum of adult rats on behavior of newborn rat isolated neural cells during their cultivation in vitro. Methods. The isolation of neural cells from neonatal rat brain. The determination of the dynamics of cellular monolayer formation. Immunocytochemical staining of cells for β-tubulin III, nestin and vimentin. Results. It has been determined that the addition of serum of adult rats to the cultivation medium creates more favorable conditions for survival, attachment and spread of differentiated, and proliferation of the stem/progenitor neural cells of newborn rats during cultivation in vitro compared with the fetal bovine serum. Conclusions. Using the serum of adult rats is preferable for the cultivation of isolated neural cells of newborn rats compared with the fetal bovine serum.

  13. A novel adjuvant: polymerised serum albumin beads

    There is an ongoing need to develop new vaccine formulations. To complement accumulating knowledge on the structure of antigens and their interaction with cells of the immune system, new vaccine vehicles to optimise the immunogenic potential of the antigen must be developed. Associated with this adjuvanticity, should be minimal adverse side effects. This study was initiated to develop a vaccine vehicle, consisting of covalently cross-linked serum albumin beads, themselves non-immunogenic, containing virus. Following inoculation, in vivo proteolysis of the beads would allow a gradual release of antigen for sustained immunostimulation. This system might have application in virus vaccine programmes to improve low immunogenic vaccines, to allow optimal delivery of the recently derived synthetic virus subunit peptides as well as for inactivated virus vaccine preparations. 35S-methionine labelled Blue Tongue Virus was used in this study

  14. High serum enalaprilat in chronic renal failure

    Elung-Jensen, T; Heisterberg, J; Kamper, A L;


    renal failure. METHODS: Fifty nine out-patients with plasma creatinine >150 micromol/L and chronic antihypertensive treatment with enalapril were investigated, in a cross-sectional design. RESULTS: Median glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was 23(range 6-60) ml/minute/1.73 m2. The daily dose of enalapril......-68) ml/minute and correlated linearly with GFR (r=0.86, p=0.003). Intra-subject day-to-day variation in trough concentrations was 19.7%. CONCLUSION: Patients with chronic renal failure given small or moderately high doses of enalapril may thus have markedly elevated levels of serum enalaprilat. Whether......BACKGROUND: Most angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and their metabolites are excreted renally and doses should hence be reduced in renal insufficiency. We studied whether the dosage of enalapril in daily clinical practice is associated with drug accumulation of enalaprilat in chronic...

  15. Polymerized soluble venom--human serum albumin

    Extensive previous studies have demonstrated that attempts to produce polymers of Hymenoptera venoms for human immunotherapy resulted in insoluble precipitates that could be injected with safety but with very limited immunogenicity in allergic patients. We now report soluble polymers prepared by conjugating bee venom with human serum albumin with glutaraldehyde. The bee venom-albumin polymer (BVAP) preparation was fractionated on Sephacryl S-300 to have a molecular weight range higher than catalase. 125I-labeled bee venom phospholipase A was almost completely incorporated into BVAP. Rabbit antibody responses to bee venom and bee venom phospholipase A were induced by BVAP. Human antisera against bee venom were absorbed by BVAP. No new antigenic determinants on BVAP were present as evidenced by absorption of antisera against BVAP by bee venom and albumin. BVAP has potential immunotherapeutic value in patients with anaphylactic sensitivity to bee venom

  16. Data analysis of assorted serum peptidome profiles.

    Villanueva, Josep; Philip, John; DeNoyer, Lin; Tempst, Paul


    Discovery of biomarker patterns using proteomic techniques requires examination of large numbers of patient and control samples, followed by data mining of the molecular read-outs (e.g., mass spectra). Adequate signal processing and statistical analysis are critical for successful extraction of markers from these data sets. The protocol, specifically designed for use in conjunction with MALDI-TOF-MS-based serum peptide profiling, is a data analysis pipeline, starting with transfer of raw spectra that are interpreted using signal processing algorithms to define suitable features (i.e., peptides). We describe an algorithm for minimal entropy-based peak alignment across samples. Peak lists obtained in this way, and containing all samples, all peptide features and their normalized MS-ion intensities, can be evaluated, and results validated, using common statistical methods. We recommend visual inspection of the spectra to confirm all results, and have written freely available software for viewing and color-coding of spectral overlays. PMID:17406620

  17. Total Antioxidant Capacity of Serum Determined Using the Potassium Permanganate Agar Method Based on Serum Diffusion in Agar

    Ying Zhou; Meijuan Zhang; Hui Liu


    Objectives. To develop a new method for determining total antioxidants in serum and to evaluate the total antioxidant capacity of organisms. Design and Methods. Sodium hyposulfite (Na2S2O3) and serum were used to evaluate the linearity and precision of the potassium permanganate agar method. The area of serum diffusion in samples from 30 intensive care unit (ICU) patients compared with 44 healthy subjects was determined by the potassium permanganate agar method. Results. The linearity (R 2 in...


    Mohd. Riyaz


    Full Text Available Febrile neutropenia is defined as a fever >101°F for 1 hour, with an absolute neutrophil count of ≤500 cells/microliter, or an ANC of ≤1000 cells/microliter with a projected nadir of ≤500 cells/microliter. In haematological malignancies it is the common complication and requires broad-spectrum antibacterial therapy. Clinical examination and cultures fail to detect a pathogen or an infectious focus in 25–50%, which are classified as pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO. Patient with pyrexia of unknown origin may receive long duration of antibiotic treatment as the cause is unclear of being infective or not. Febrile neutropenia is a common complication of many chemotherapeutic regimens for all types of cancers. Mortality and Morbidity is high particularly in elderly, immuno-compromised. Approximately 20- 40 % of patients with severe sepsis and 45-60% patients with septic shock die within 15-20 days. This study was done to know the sources of infection and to assess the diagnostic value of serum Procalcitonin and its relation with mortality in various stages of sepsis. Sepsis incidence was more in patient age more than 55yrs. the most common source of sepsis was respiratory tract infection. Serum PCT proved to be an indicator of sepsis in ill patients, with sensitivity of 91%. Presence of both persistent and profound neutropenia was associated with a much higher mortality. The occurrence of infection is directly proportional to the degree of neutropenia, at the onset of fever the PCT levels will not be helpful for the decision to start or stop the antibacterial therapy, and a PCT value higher than 0.5ng/ml in pyrexia of unknown origin might suggest a possibility of occult infection, i.e. with lacking microbiological and clinical documentation. A delayed PCT peak higher than0.5ng/ml contributes to the early diagnosis of fungal disease.

  19. Serum amyloid A and haptoglobin concentrations in serum and peritoneal fluid of healthy horses and horses with acute abdominal pain

    Pihl, Tina Holberg; Andersen, Pia Haubro; Kjelgaard-Hansen, Mads; Mørck, Nina Brinch; Jacobsen, Stine


    enrolled healthy reference horses and horses with colic. RIs were calculated, group concentrations were compared by Student's t-test, and Pearson's correlation for serum and PF concentrations were determined. RESULTS: In healthy horses (n = 62) the measurements for SAA were below the detection limit (0...... SAA and Hp in serum and PF in healthy horses, (2) compare SAA and Hp concentrations between healthy horses and horses with colic, and (3) to assess the correlation between serum and PF concentrations. METHODS: Serum amyloid A and Hp concentrations were determined by automated assays in prospectively...

  20. Total Antioxidant Capacity of Serum Determined Using the Potassium Permanganate Agar Method Based on Serum Diffusion in Agar.

    Zhou, Ying; Zhang, Meijuan; Liu, Hui


    Objectives. To develop a new method for determining total antioxidants in serum and to evaluate the total antioxidant capacity of organisms. Design and Methods. Sodium hyposulfite (Na2S2O3) and serum were used to evaluate the linearity and precision of the potassium permanganate agar method. The area of serum diffusion in samples from 30 intensive care unit (ICU) patients compared with 44 healthy subjects was determined by the potassium permanganate agar method. Results. The linearity (R (2) in the linear experiment of Na2S2O3 was 0.994; R (2) in the linear experiment of serum was 0.987) and precision (coefficient of variation of area of high level serum diffusion within-run, between-run, and between-day and coefficient of variation of area of low serum diffusion within-run, between-run, and between-day were all less than 10%) were acceptable using the potassium permanganate agar method. Total antioxidants of serum between the ICU group and the healthy group were different (p = 0.002, two tailed). Conclusions. Total antioxidants in serum can be determined by the potassium permanganate agar method. The total antioxidant capacity of an organism can be evaluated by the amount of total antioxidants in serum. PMID:26347595

  1. Total Antioxidant Capacity of Serum Determined Using the Potassium Permanganate Agar Method Based on Serum Diffusion in Agar

    Ying Zhou


    Full Text Available Objectives. To develop a new method for determining total antioxidants in serum and to evaluate the total antioxidant capacity of organisms. Design and Methods. Sodium hyposulfite (Na2S2O3 and serum were used to evaluate the linearity and precision of the potassium permanganate agar method. The area of serum diffusion in samples from 30 intensive care unit (ICU patients compared with 44 healthy subjects was determined by the potassium permanganate agar method. Results. The linearity (R2 in the linear experiment of Na2S2O3 was 0.994; R2 in the linear experiment of serum was 0.987 and precision (coefficient of variation of area of high level serum diffusion within-run, between-run, and between-day and coefficient of variation of area of low serum diffusion within-run, between-run, and between-day were all less than 10% were acceptable using the potassium permanganate agar method. Total antioxidants of serum between the ICU group and the healthy group were different (p=0.002, two tailed. Conclusions. Total antioxidants in serum can be determined by the potassium permanganate agar method. The total antioxidant capacity of an organism can be evaluated by the amount of total antioxidants in serum.

  2. Alterations of serum cholesterol and serum lipoprotein in breast cancer of women

    Hasija, Kiran; Bagga, Hardeep K.


    Fasting blood sample of 50 normal subjects (control) and 100 patients of breast cancer were investigated for serum total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein cholesterol:low density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio and total cholesterol:high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio during breast cancer of women. Five cancer stages, types, age groups, parity and menopausal status were undertaken...

  3. Unraveling the mysteries of serum albumin—more than just a serum protein

    Merlot, Angelica M.; Kalinowski, Danuta S.; Richardson, Des R.


    Serum albumin is a multi-functional protein that is able to bind and transport numerous endogenous and exogenous compounds. The development of albumin drug carriers is gaining increasing importance in the targeted delivery of cancer therapy, particularly as a result of the market approval of the paclitaxel-loaded albumin nanoparticle, Abraxane®. Considering this, there is renewed interest in isolating and characterizing albumin-binding proteins or receptors on the plasma membrane that are res...

  4. Relation of Serum Leptin and Adiponectin Level to Serum C-Reactive Protein: The INTERLIPID Study

    Yasuyuki Nakamura


    Full Text Available Objective. Despite considerable study, the relevance of leptin and adiponectin for atherosclerosis development is still unsettled. We investigated relations of serum leptin and adiponectin to serum C-reactive protein (CRP, using the INTERLIPID dataset on Japanese emigrants living in Hawaii and Japanese in Japan. Design and Methods. Serum leptin, adiponectin, and CRP were measured by standardized methods in men and women of ages 40 to 59 years from two population samples, one Japanese-American in Hawaii (83 men, 89 women and the other Japanese in central Japan (111 men, 104 women. Participants with CRP >10 mg/L were excluded. Results. Sex-specific multiple linear regression analyses, with log-transformed leptin and adiponectin (log-leptin, log-adipo, site (Hawaii = 1, Japan = 0, SBP, HbA1c, smoking (cigarettes/day, and physical activity index score of the Framingham Offspring Study as covariates, showed that log-leptin directly related and log-adipo inversely related to log-CRP for both sexes (Ps < 0.05 to <0.01. Addition to the model of BMI and interaction terms (BMI × log-leptin, BMI × log-adipo, SITE × log-leptin, SITE × log-adipo resulted in disappearance of statistical significance except for direct relation of log-leptin to log-CRP in men (P=0.006. Conclusions. Leptin directly related to CRP independent of BMI and other confounding factors in men but not in women.

  5. Serum hyaluronic acid as a marker of hepatic fibrosis

    To determine the serum hyaluronic acid (HA) levels as biochemical marker of hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis and correlate it with the degree of hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis. This study was performed on 100 patients of chronic liver disease whose liver biopsies had been carried out. Fifty healthy controls were also included in the study. Routine liver function tests, hepatitis serology and serum hyaluronic acid levels were carried out on patients and controls. Liver biopsy of 100 patients revealed that 21 were in stage 0 fibrosis, 38 in stage 1 fibrosis, 26 in stage 3 fibrosis and 15 in stage 4 fibrosis. Mean Serum HA (mean +- SD) concentration in patients were 189 +- 98 mg/L vs. 21 +- 10 mg/L of healthy controls. The difference observed was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Patients in stage 4 fibrosis had significantly higher (p <0.001) mean serum HA concentration as compared to other stages of liver fibrosis. Diagnostic accuracy of serum HA at marginally elevated level of 60 mg/L determined the sensitivity 78.4 %, specificity 80.9%, positive predicted value 93.9% and negative predicted value of 50%. Serum HA is a useful non-invasive marker of liver fibrosis. There is a strong positive correlation between serum HA levels and degree of liver fibrosis. The concentration of serum HA rises according to progression of liver fibrosis and levels are highest in patients with liver cirrhosis. (author)

  6. Effect of general anesthesia and orthopedic surgery on serum tryptase

    Garvey, Lene H; Bech, Birgitte Louise; Mosbech, Holger; Krøigaard, Mogens; Belhage, Bo; Husum, Bent; Poulsen, Lars K


    Mast cell tryptase is used clinically in the evaluation of anaphylaxis during anesthesia, because symptoms and signs of anaphylaxis are often masked by the effect of anesthesia. No larger studies have examined whether surgery and anesthesia affect serum tryptase. The aim of this study was to...... investigate the effect of anesthesia and surgery on serum tryptase in the absence of anaphylaxis....


    Sunil Kumar; Uday Shankar


    BACKGROUND : Neonates receiving phototherapy have side effects like hypocalcemia and electrolyte changes. Our study is hereby intended to study the serum sodium changes due to phototherapy. AIMS : To evaluate the serum sodium changes in neonates receiving phototherapy f or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN : A prospective hospital based comparative study conducted on neonates admitted in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit receiving photot...

  8. Porcine artery elastin preparation reduces serum cholesterol level in rats

    Liyanage, Ruvini; Nakamura, Yumi; Shimada, Ken-ichiro; SEKIKAWA, Mitsuo; Jayawardana, Barana Chaminda; HAN, Kyu-Ho; Tomoko, Okada; Ohba, Kiyoshi; Takahata, Yoshihisa; Morimatsu, Fumiki; FUKUSHIMA, Michihiro; 福島, 道広; 島田, 謙一郎; 関川, 三男; 韓, 圭鎬


    The effect of porcine artery elastin on serum cholesterol level was investigated in rats fed a cholesterol-free diet. Rats were fed for 4 weeks, with a diet (ED) containing 15% casein and 5% of porcine artery elastin in comparison with a diet (CD) containing 20% casein. The total serum and non-HDL-cholesterol concentrations were lower (P

  9. Serum Prohepcidin Levels Are Lower in Patients with Atrophic Gastritis

    Hyung-Keun Kim


    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Hepcidin, an iron regulatory hormone, is increased in response to inflammation and some infections. We investigated the relationships among serum prohepcidin, iron status, Helicobacter pylori infection status, and the presence of gastric mucosal atrophy. Methods. Seventy subjects undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy underwent multiple gastric biopsies, and the possibility of H. pylori infection and the degree of endoscopic and histologic gastritis were investigated. In all subjects, serum prohepcidin and iron parameters were evaluated. Results. No correlations were observed between serum prohepcidin levels and the other markers of anemia, such as hemoglobin, serum iron, ferritin, and total iron binding capacity. Serum prohepcidin levels were not significantly different between the H. pylori-positive group and the H. pylori-negative group. Serum prohepcidin levels in atrophic gastritis patients were significantly lower than those in subjects without atrophic gastritis irrespective of H. pylori infection. Conclusion. Serum prohepcidin levels were not altered by H. pylori infection. Serum prohepcidin levels decrease in patients with atrophic gastritis, irrespective of H. pylori infection. It suggests that hepcidin may decrease due to gastric atrophy, a condition that causes a loss of hepcidin-producing parietal cells. Further investigations with a larger number of patients are necessary to substantiate this point.

  10. Serum concentrations of paliperidone versus risperidone and clinical effects

    Nazirizadeh, Yasmin; Vogel, Friederike; Bader, Wolfgang; Haen, Ekkehard; Pfuhlmann, Bruno; Gründer, Gerhard; Paulzen, Michael; Schwarz, Markus; Zernig, Gerald; Hiemke, Christoph


    Abstract Purpose The major aim of this multicenter retrospective analysis was to examine the relationship between paliperidone serum concentrations and clinical effects in patients treated with this new antipsychotic drug. Intra-individual variability in trough serum concentrations was also analyzed in patients under treatment with either the paliperidone-extended release (ER) formulation or the risperidone immediate-release formulation. ...

  11. Serum calcium levels are not associated with coronary heart disease

    Jin Y


    Full Text Available Yuelong Jin,* Lianping He,* Quanhai Wang, Yan Chen, Xiaohua Ren, Hui Tang, Xiuli Song, Lingling Ding, Qin Qi, Zhiwei Huang, Jiegen Yu, Yingshui Yao Department of Preventive Medicine, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Numerous studies have reported that low calcium intake is related to a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between serum calcium and coronary heart disease is unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare serum calcium levels in patients with coronary heart disease and those in healthy individuals. Methods: This retrospective, case-control study conducted in the People's Republic of China comprised 380 cases and 379 controls. Serum calcium levels, blood lipids, and anthropometric measurements were measured in both groups. The Student's unpaired t-test or Chi-square test was used to compare differences between cases and controls. Pearson's partial correlation coefficient was used to determine the association between serum calcium, blood lipids, and blood pressure in both groups. Results: Our results indicate that the average level of serum calcium in cases was higher than in controls. Serum calcium levels showed no correlation with any parameter except for triglycerides in either group. Conclusion: Overall, these data suggest that serum calcium has no influence on coronary heart disease or triglyceride levels in the general population. Keywords: serum calcium, hypertension, blood lipids

  12. Serum zinc and pneumonia in nursing home elderly

    Zinc plays an important role in immune function. The association between serum zinc and pneumonia in the elderly has not been studied. The study aim is to determine if serum zinc concentrations in nursing home elderly are associated with incidence and duration of pneumonia, total and duration of ant...


    Serum biomarkers to identify susceptibility to disease in aged humans are well researched. On the other hand, our understanding of biomarkers in animal models of aging is limited. Hence, we applied a commercially available panel of 58 serum analytes to screen for possible biomark...

  14. Symptoms of hyperprolactinemia with normal serum prolactin: is treatment required?

    Deepti Verma


    Galactorrhea with menstrual abnormalities like oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea point towards a provisional diagnosis of increased serum prolactin levels or hyperprolactinemia. However, as the prolactin hormone is heterogeneous with two forms- the bioactive and the immunoactive forms, patients can have all the features of hyperprolactinemia with normal serum prolactin levels. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(6.000): 2041-2042

  15. Serum Mineral Profile in Various Reproductive Phases of Mares

    Farah Ali1, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi*2, Zafar Iqbal Qureshi2, Ijaz Ahmad2 and Riaz Hussain1


    The present study was conducted to determine the trace mineral profile in fertile, subfertile and pregnant mares kept under different management conditions. For this purpose the blood samples were collected without anticoagulant from 100 field mares and 100 farm mares for serum separation. All animals were grouped according to their history and rectal examination. Serum manganese levels in pregnant mares were significantly (P

  16. Serum Antibody Response to Clostridium botulinum Toxin in Infant Botulism

    Rubin, Lorry G.; Dezfulian, Manuchehr; Yolken, Robert H.


    A serum antibody response has not been previously demonstrated after infection with Clostridium botulinum. We developed an enzyme immunoassay for measuring serum antibody to C. botulinum toxins A, B, and E. This assay system detected a specific immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin M antibody response to C. botulinum toxin in two patients with infant botulism.

  17. Serum YKL-40 and interleukin 6 levels in Hodgkin lymphoma

    Biggar, R.J.; Johansen, J.S.; Smedby, K.E.;


    statistically significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Serum YKL-40 and IL-6 levels were increased in untreated Hodgkin lymphoma patients and those with more advanced stages but did not differ significantly by Hodgkin lymphoma histology. Following treatment, serum levels were significantly lower Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/1...

  18. Serum Interleukin-5 Changes in Partly Controlled Atopic Asthmatic Children

    Gamal A Yamamah


    CONCLUSION: Serum IL-5 seems to have a role in asthma pathogenesis. Efficiency of the two therapies (ICs & LTA was similar in this group of patients. Both treatments led to significant decline in serum IL-5, IgE levels and eosinophilic count.

  19. Determination of serum iron and iron binding capacity by NMR

    The presented data show that NMR can measure serum iron and total iron binding capacity of healthy and the examined pathological cases. The data also suggest that the loss of paramagnetic contribution of serum iron upon the addition of ascorbic acid is detectable by MRI. (author)

  20. A cohort effect on serum testosterone levels in Finnish men

    Perheentupa, A; Mäkinen, J; Laatikainen, T;


    To investigate whether a population-level decline in serum testosterone exists in Finnish men. In comparison with other European populations, Finnish men have compared well in the studies of reproductive health (i.e. semen quality, incidence of cryptorchidism and testicular cancer); thus, we expe...... expected no significant cohort-dependent decrease in serum testosterone....

  1. Serum release: The hidden quality in fracturing composites

    Berg, van den L.; Vliet, van T.; Linden, van der E.; Boekel, van M.A.J.S.; Velde, van de F.


    Release of serum is important for many food systems such as meat products and its replacers, gels, vegetables and fruit, where serum release plays a clear role in the perception of juiciness. Nevertheless, this phenomenon and its consequences for large deformation and fracture behaviour have not bee

  2. IL8 and Cathepsin B as Melanoma Serum Biomarkers

    Xiaowei Xu


    Full Text Available Melanoma accounts for only a small portion of skin cancer but it is associated with high mortality. Melanoma serum biomarkers that may aid early diagnosis or guide therapy are needed clinically. However, studies of serum biomarkers have often been hampered by the serum interference that causes false readouts in immunological tests. Here we show that, after using a special buffer to eliminate the serum interference, IL-8 and cathepsin B levels were significantly elevated in melanoma patients (p < 0.05. More importantly, the combination of IL-8 and cathepsin B were also studied as a prognosis marker for melanoma mortality. Our study provides a novel approach to examine serum biomarkers.

  3. Longitudinal study of serum placental GH in 455 normal pregnancies

    Chellakooty, Marla; Skibsted, Lillian; Skouby, Sven Olaf;


    Placental GH is thought to be responsible for the rise in maternal IGF-I during pregnancy and is considered to be important for fetal growth. In this prospective longitudinal study of healthy pregnant women, we investigated determinants of placental GH in maternal serum. Serum was obtained from 455...... women with normal singleton pregnancies at approximately 19 and 28 wk gestation. Serum placental GH concentrations were measured by a highly specific immunoradiometric assay, and fetal size was measured by ultrasound. Data on birth weight, gender, prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), parity, and smoking...... habits were obtained from medical records. Serum placental GH concentrations were detectable in serum from all women as early as 14 wk gestation and increased during pregnancy in all individuals (P <0.001). Placental GH levels at second examination were found to be higher in women carrying female fetuses...

  4. Association between Serum Uric Acid Levels and Diabetes Mellitus

    Pavani Bandaru


    in participants from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (=18,825, 52.5% women. Serum uric acid levels were categorized into quartiles. Diabetes mellitus was defined as fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL, nonfasting glucose ≥200 mg/dL, or use of oral hypoglycemic medication or insulin (=395. In multivariable logistic regression models, we found that higher serum uric acid levels were inversely associated with diabetes mellitus after adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, smoking, alcohol intake, body mass index, hypertension, and serum cholesterol. Compared to quartile 1 of serum uric acid, the odds ratio (95% confidence interval of diabetes mellitus was 0.48 (0.35–0.66; trend <0.0001. The results were consistent in subgroup analysis by gender and hypertension status. Higher serum uric acid levels were inversely associated with diabetes mellitus in a representative sample of US adults.

  5. Problems associated with the radioimmunoassay of serum trypsin

    A commercial trypsin radioimmunoassay (RIA) kit was tested for its ability to measure trypsin bound to the serum protease inhibitors, α2macroglobulin (α2M) and α1 anti-trypsin (α1AT). Only 20% of trypsin bound to α2M and 70% bound to α1AT was detected by the assay system. Recovery of trypsin added to human serum varied from 0 to 20%. Standard curves prepared from purified human cationic trypsin did not exhibit parallelism with the kit standard curves. Inclusion of horse serum in the standard solutions improved the parallelism observed. Immunoreactive trypsin (IRT) levels obtained for serum samples were found to vary considerably depending on the standard curve used to calculate the assay results. Lower IRT levels were observed when trypsin standards prepared in the absence of horse serum were used as reference. (Auth.)

  6. Ready-made allogeneic ABO-specific serum eye drops

    Harritshøj, Lene Holm; Nielsen, Connie; Ullum, Henrik;


    severe ocular surface disorders. METHODS: Serum was derived from 450 ml whole-blood donations from regular male blood donors, produced and tested according to good manufacturing practice and legislation regulating blood products in Denmark. Serum was diluted to 20% (v/v) with NaCl 0.9%, filtered, bottled......PURPOSE: To overcome problems and delays of the preparation of autologous serum eye drops, a production line of ABO-specific allogeneic serum eye drops from male blood donors was set up in a blood bank. Feasibility, clinical routine, safety and efficacy were evaluated in a cohort of patients with......, registered and stored at -30°C in the blood bank. Upon request, frozen ABO-identical serum drops in lots of 14 bottles could be provided immediately. Safety and efficacy were evaluated in 34 patients with severe ocular surface disease refractory to conventional medical therapy. Patients were treated six...

  7. Serum leptin levels in female patients with niddm

    Objective: To compare serum leptin levels of diabetic and non-diabetic female subjects and also assess the relationship of hyperglycemia with serum insulin, C-peptide and leptin levels. Results: Serum leptin levels of obese diabetic and non-diabetic subjects were significantly higher as compared with lean diabetic patients and non-diabetic subjects (P<0.05). Leptin levels were positively correlated with serum insulin and C-peptide levels. Serum leptin increased with increase in body mass index and waist hip ratio was strongly related with insulin resistance in NIDDM. Conclusion: Leptin levels are increased in obesity and may play a role in development of insulin resistance and NIDDM. (author)

  8. Effect of oral contraceptive progestins on serum copper concentration

    Berg, Gabriele; Kohlmeier, L; Brenner, H


    OBJECTIVES: Recent epidemiologic studies have shown an increased mortality from cardiovascular diseases in people with higher serum copper levels. Even though higher serum copper concentration in women using oral contraceptives is well known, there is still uncertainty about the influence of newer...... progestin compounds in oral contraceptives on serum copper concentration. This issue is of particular interest in the light of recent findings of an increased risk of venous thromboembolism in users of oral contraceptives containing newer progestins like desogestrel compared to users of other oral......-1988. SUBJECTS: Nonpregnant and nonlactating women aged 18-44 y (n = 610). RESULTS: Overall, the use of oral contraceptives was positively associated with serum copper concentration in by bi- and multivariable linear regression models with log-transformed values of serum copper concentration as dependend...

  9. Inhibitor of DNA synthesis is present in normal chicken serum

    The authors have found that heat-inactivated serum (570C for 1 hour) from normal chickens reduces the proliferation of mitogen-stimulated chicken and murine splenocytes as well as some transformed mammalian lymphoblastoid cell lines. Greater than a 50% reduction in 3H-thymidine incorporation was observed when concanavalin A (Con A)-activated chicken splenocytes that were cultured in the presence of 10% autologous or heterologous serum were compared to mitogen-stimulated cells cultured in the absence of serum. Normal chicken serum (10%) also caused greater than 95% suppression of 3H-thymidine incorporation by bovine (EBL-1 and BL-3) and gibbon ape (MLA 144) transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines. The only cell line tested that was not inhibited by chicken serum was an IL-2-dependent, murine cell line. Chicken serum also inhibited both 3H-thymidine incorporation and IL-2 synthesis by Con A-activated murine splenocytes. Suppression was caused by actions other than cytotoxicity because viability of chicken splenocytes was unaffected by increasing levels of chicken serum. Furthermore, dialyzed serum retained its activity, which suggested that thymidine in the serum was not inhibiting uptake of radiolabeled thymidine. Suppressive activity was not due to adrenal glucocorticoids circulating in plasma because neither physiologic nor pharmacologic doses of corticosterone had inhibitory effects on mitogen-stimulated chicken splenocytes. These data demonstrate that an endogenous factor that is found in normal chicken serum inhibits proliferation of T-cells from chickens and mice as well as some transformed mammalian lymphoblastoid cell lines

  10. Serum osteoprotegerin (OPG in children with primary nephrotic syndrome

    Gamal B Mohamed


    Full Text Available A novel cytokine system secreted by osteoblast, osteoprotegerin (OPG and its ligand (OPGL regulates osteoclastogenesis. To determine the relation of the serum OPG levels in children with nephrotic syndrome (NS to the renal disease, we studied 30 patients with NS in comparison with 30 healthy children serving as controls. The study patients were divided into three equal groups: group 1 included newly diagnosed patients who were studied before and after a short course (one month of steroid therapy for the first time, group 2 included frequent relapsers (FR, and group 3 included infrequent relapsers (IFR. In addition to serum OPG (ELISA, osteocalcin (OC, parathormone (PTH, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, and 24- hour urinary Ca and proteins were measured. The NS patients revealed a significantly lower serum OPG and parameters of bone formation (ALP and OC and a significantly higher 24- hour urinary Ca than controls. A short course of glucocorticoids therapy for one month resulted in a significant decrease of serum OPG, ALP and OC levels and a significant increase of 24- hour urinary Ca, while serum PTH levels were not significantly affected by this the- rapy; the FR revealed a significantly lower serum level and a significantly higher 24- hour urinary Ca and serum PTH than the IFR. OPG had significant negative correlations with markers of disease activity and severity (ESR, serum cholesterol, 24- hour urinary protein and cumulative steroid dose, PTH and 24- hour urinary Ca. On the other hand, OPG had significant positive correlations with ALP, OC, and serum albumin. Low serum OPG, which is attributed to the renal disease and/or steroid therapy, may be an important factor contributing to bone resorption in NS. Studies of the protective effect of OPG administration against bone loss in NS are warranted.

  11. Serum thrombopoietin level in various hematological diseases.

    Usuki, K; Tahara, T; Iki, S; Endo, M; Osawa, M; Kitazume, K; Kato, T; Miyazaki, H; Urabe, A


    To investigate the pathophysiological role of thrombopoietin (TPO) in thrombopoiesis, we measured its serum levels in 15 healthy individuals, 84 patients with various hematological diseases and 2 patients with liver cirrhosis using an enzyme immunoassay procedure. The TPO level was 0.84 +/- 0.40 f mol/ml in normal individuals. TPO levels were considerably elevated in patients with myelosuppression after intensification chemotherapy of acute leukemia in complete remission (postchemotherapy group; n = 18; 18.46 +/- 9.70 f mol/ml). When the data of normal individuals and the postchemotherapy group were combined, TPO levels were inversely correlated with the platelet count in this combined group. We compared these data of normal individuals and the postchemotherapy group with various hematological disease states. In aplastic anemia (n = 13; 16.03 +/- 9.44 f mol/ml), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 5; 10.36 +/- 5.57 f mol/ml), malignant lymphoma (n = 6; 2.79 +/- 2.27 f mol/ml), multiple myeloma (n = 3; 3.34 +/- 0.20 f mol/ml) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (n = 2; 1.71 +/- 3.91 f mol/ml), the relationship of serum TPO levels and platelet counts was almost the same as in the combined group with normal individuals and the postchemotherapy group. However, the TPO levels were slightly higher in myeloproliferative disorders (n = 12; 1.99 +/- 1.47 f mol/ml) and lower in acute myelogenous leukemia (n = 8; 2.27 +/- 1.25 f mol/ml), hypoplastic leukemia (n = 3; 2.76 +/- 2.23 f mol/ml), myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 2; 0.42 +/- 0.60 f mol/ml), liver cirrhosis (n = 2; 1.50 +/- 0.92 f mol/ml) and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (n = 12; 2.08 +/- 1.41 f mol/ml), when compared to the regression line for the combined group with normal individuals and postchemotherapy group. These findings suggest that TPO might play an important role in regulation of the platelet count in normal and pathological conditions. PMID:8888496

  12. Serum trace element levels in febrile convulsion.

    Amiri, Mojtaba; Farzin, Leila; Moassesi, Mohammad Esmail; Sajadi, Fattaneh


    Febrile convulsion is the most common disorder in childhood with good prognosis. There are different hypotheses about neurotransmitters and trace element changes in biological fluids which can have a role in pathogenesis of febrile convulsion. In this study, serum selenium, zinc, and copper were measured by atomic absorption spectrometry in the children with febrile convulsion (n = 30) and in the control group (n = 30). The age and sex of the subjects were registered. Selenium and zinc were found to be significantly lower in febrile convulsion cases than in the control group (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.0001, respectively). There was no significant difference in the value of copper between the two groups (p = 0.16). While selenium and zinc levels were 44.92 +/- 10.93 microg/l and 66.13 +/- 18.97 microg/dl in febrile convulsion, they were found to be 62.98 +/- 9.80 microg/l and 107.87 +/- 28.79 microg/dl in healthy children. Meanwhile, copper levels were 146.40 +/- 23.51 microg/dl in the patients and 137.63 +/- 24.19 microg/dl in the control group, respectively. This study shows that selenium and zinc play an important role in the pathogenesis of febrile convulsion. PMID:19669113

  13. The low TSH level in blood serum

    The low TSH level in blood serum (0.38 - 4,8 mμ/l) and the frequency of cross-reactions dictate the need for a sensitive and specific assay method. The IRMA (immunoradiometric assay) technique meets the requirements for high sensitivity and specificity. In the present study work was done to determine the characteristics of the IRMA-TSH (Netria-Batan) kit which makes use of the ''sandwich'' technique. Samples/standards were reacted with excess I-125 labelled monoclonal antibodies against TSH (Ab*), the free and the bound Ab* fraction were separated using solid phase antibody. The result showed that the IRMA-TSH (Netria-Batan) kit has abord working range (0.2 - 550 mμ/I) and a Low blank (Bo) value (0.8%-0.095%), high precision (with in assay CV less than 10%, and between assay CV less than 15%) high sensitivity (detection limit 0.04 mμ/l), and high accuracy (recovery 94,1%). High specificity of the kit was assured by the use of monoclonal anti-TSH with low cross reaction (0.008% against hCG, 0.7% against LH and 1.7% against FSH (1). (author). 7 figs.; 7 refs

  14. Serum protein polymorphism in Bali (Indonesia).

    Constans, J; Gouaillard, C; Breguet, G


    Serum samples from Bali, obtained in three different ethnic groups and in one isolated village were tested by isoelectric focusing electrophoresis for Gc, Pi, Tf and Hp subtyping. In addition to the three common alleles Gc1F, Gc1S and Gc2, two variants Gc1A1 and Gc1A8 were observed. In the Pi system, five alleles were present: PiM1, PiM2, PiM3, PiM4 and PiX. The Tf variability was exceptional with the presence of eight alleles: TfB1, TfC1, TfC2, TfC3, TfC4, TfC8, TfD1 and TfDchi. For Hp, there were two common alleles Hp1S and Hp1FS and two rare ones: Hp1F and Hp2SS. As expected, the genetic polymorphism is reduced in the isolated community. The anthropological significance of these genetic data is discussed. PMID:3493727

  15. Control of declared origin of bovine serum, a pilot study

    Horacek, M.; Papesch, W.


    Bovine serum is the essential culture medium for cell cultures. Therefore it is highly demanded and the quality of the serum, e.g.: absence of bacteria, viruses certain antibodies, etc.., are important criteria. as some cattle diseases are endemic in certain regions, the origin of bovine serum is an important quality measure for its value. Thus the need to control the declared origins is present. Bovine serum was measured for d2H, d13C, d15N and d34S of proteine (dry residue) and d2H and d18O of the serum water. The hydrogen and oxygen are mainly depending by the isotopic composition of the water ingested by the cattle, and thus usually influenced by the isotopic signal of the precipitation. The carbon isotope signal is reflecting the diet of the cattle, whether it mainly feed on C3- or C4-plants. The nitrogen and sulphur isotope ratio is transferred from the ground/soil into the plant material and into the animal tissue, with some offset for nitrogen and without any significant offset for sulphur. Bovine serum samples from Canada, USA, Mexico, Brazil, Australia and New Zealand have been analysed. Due to the variations in the environmental conditions in different countries and regions which influence the isotope signatures of the serum samples it is possible to discriminate samples of different origin. Main discriminating parameters are d2H and d18O, d13C and d34S.


    薛文成; 孟冬娅; 杨婧; 罗军


    Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of the serum VEGF as amarker for monitoring the clinical course of tumor patients cured by surgery and radiotherapy. Methods: Enzyme linked immunosobent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum levels of VEGF in the patients with carcinoma. Results: X-ray irradiation could induce the tumor cells to express and secret VEGF. Patients with elevated values of serum VEGF 60 days after radiotherapy had higher rate of tumor recurrence and metastasis. There was more chance of metastasis in lung cancer patients with higher level of VEGF after surgical resection (12/21). Less post-operation (3 months~4 years) patients without relapse or cancerometastasis showed elevated values of serum VEGF than those with relapse or cancerometastasis. There was negative correlation between the serum Hb and VEGF in the tumor patients (( =-0.289, P<0.01). In the 28 patients with normal Hb levels at pre-operation, 17 patients with decreased Hb levels had more chance getting higher VEGF after operation than the others (P<0.05). Conclusion: clinical manifestation should be considered in the application of serum VEGF as a tumor marker, a prognostic factor,and a recurrence indicator of tumor. To determine the levels of serum VEGF and Hb, correct the low level of Hb and block the effect of VEGF by special means may be helpful for tumor patients.

  17. The relationship between serum levels of vitamin D and migraine

    Tayebeh Mottaghi


    Full Text Available Background: Migraine is common worldwide. In recent years, vitamin D deficiency has been determined as a global health problem. A few studies have shown inverse relationship between serum vitamin D levels and headache. Thus, in this study, we assessed relationship between serum vitamin D levels with migraine. Materials and Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional. Seventy-six migraine patients aged 10-61 years were included. The multiple linear regression was used to show association between serum 25-0H-D3 and migraine. Adjustments were performed for age, sex, waist circumference, body mass index (BMI, number of chronic diseases, and education level . Results: The positive weak relationship was observed between serum vitamin D and headache diary result (P = 0.042, r = 0.19. But, no significant relationship was observed between serum vitamin D and migraine severity (P = 0.741. Conclusion: High levels of serum 25-OH-D3 was related to higher headache diary result. After adjustment for confounding variables, this significant association remained. No significant relationship was shown between serum vitamin D and migraine severity.


    S. T. Esfahani


    Full Text Available During dialysis some trace elements can accumulate while others may be removed from blood, leading to deficiency of some trace elements. For evaluating changes of serum trace elements in children on maintenance hemodialysis we measured copper (Cu, zinc (Zn, cobalt (Co, manganese (Mn, chromium (Cr and nickel (Ni in 3 groups of children: Group 1, children with CRF who were on regular hemodialysis; Group 2, children with CRF who were on conservative management, and Group 3, healthy children. For evaluating the impact of duration of dialysis on serum trace elements, group 1 patients were divided into two subgroups: A, patients who were on hemodialysis therapy for shorter than 18 months, and B, patients who were on hemodialysis therapy for longer than 18 months. The technique used for measurement of trace elements was PIXE (Proton Induced X-ray Emission. Mean serum levels of Zn, Mn, and Ni in group 1 were lower than group 2 and group 3. There were not significant differences in serum levels of Zn, Mn and Ni between group 2 and 3. The differences in serum levels of Cr, Co and Cu among 3 groups were not significant. The serum levels of Zn, Mn and Ni were significantly lower in subgroup B compared to subgroup A. Correlation test showed that there were an inverse linear relation between the period of hemodialysis and serum levels of Zn, Mn and Ni. Chronic hemodialysis leads to abnormalities of some trace elements in children, and these derangements increase with duration of hemodialysis.

  19. Zuclopenthixol decanoate in schizophrenia: serum levels and clinical state.

    Jørgensen, A; Aaes-Jørgensen, T; Gravem, A; Amthor, K F; Dencker, S J; Rosell, I; Baastrup, P C; Buckhave, J; Gram, L F


    Serum concentrations of zuclopenthixol were determined in a group of 20 patients treated with a depot preparation, zuclopenthixol decanoate in Viscoleo. Clinical assessments according to a Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale, Comprehensive Psychological Rating Scale (CPRS), 16-item subscale for schizophrenia, and the UKU side effect scale were performed on 3 consecutive days of injection. The serum concentrations showed a limited individual variation and a high and significant correlation between dose and serum concentration. One patient had a particularly high serum concentration of zuclopenthixol. This patient also had an elevated concentration of the N-dealkyl metabolite, but a low concentration of the sulphoxide. For serum concentrations versus clinical state and side effects some significant correlations were found. All correlations were positive, which means that the higher the serum concentration the poorer the clinical state of the patient. We think that this probably reflects a common clinical pattern of increasing the dose, when the antipsychotic response is unsatisfactory. The study also showed that for moderately ill patients, who were given the optimum dose of drug, the subgroup of patients not experiencing side effects had significantly lower serum concentrations than the subgroup with side effects. PMID:2867572

  20. Serum and semen zinc levels in normozoospermic and oligozoospermic men

    Madding, C.I.; Jacob, M.; Ramsay, V.P.; Sokol, R.Z.


    We studied 11 unselected men who presented to a Reproductive Endocrinology Clinic with histories of infertility and low sperm counts. Reproductive hormones and semen und serum zinc levels were measured. All men had semen analyses performed on at least three separate occasions. A similar set of laboratory evaluations were performed on 11 other men who had normal semen analyses and no history of infertility. No abnormalities of reproductive hormones were found in either group. Mean serum zinc levels were significantly lower in the infertile men. Mean semen zinc levels were not significantly different. There was no correlation between serum and semen zinc levels in either group. A significant correlation was found between sperm count and semen zinc in the volunteers with normal counts, but not in the oligozoospermic men. The results obtained in this study suggest that lowered serum zinc is more common than formerly appreciated in unselected patients with infertility. The high level of zinc found in semen is due primarily to the secretions of the prostate gland and reflects prostatic stores. Serum zinc is thought to be a reasonable indicator of zinc status. The lack of correlation between serum zinc and semen zinc found in our study suggests that mild zinc deficiency may lower serum zinc while the larger prostatic zinc stores remain unaffected.

  1. Serum Selenium and Ceruloplasmin in Nigerians with Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Kamilu M. Karaye


    Full Text Available The study aimed to determine if selenium deficiency, serum ceruloplasmin and traditional birth practices are risk factors for peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM, in Kano, Nigeria. This is a case-control study carried out in three hospitals, and PPCM patients were followed up for six months. Critically low serum selenium concentration was defined as <70 µg/L. A total of 39 PPCM patients and 50 controls were consecutively recruited after satisfying the inclusion criteria. Mean serum selenium in patients (61.7 ± 14.9 µg/L was significantly lower than in controls (118.4 ± 45.6 µg/L (p < 0.001. The prevalence of serum selenium <70 µg/L was significantly higher among patients (76.9% than controls (22.0% (p < 0.001. The mean ceruloplasmin and prevalence of socio-economic indices, multiparity, pregnancy-induced hypertension, obesity and twin pregnancy were not different between the groups (p > 0.05. Logistic regression showed that rural residency significantly increased the odds for serum selenium <70 µg/L by 2.773-fold (p = 0.037. Baseline serum levels of selenium and ceruloplasmin were not associated with six-month mortality. This study has shown that selenium deficiency is a risk factor for PPCM in Kano, Nigeria, and is related to rural residency. However, serum ceruloplasmin, customary birth practices and some other characteristics were not associated with PPCM in the study area.

  2. Increased serum oxidative stress markers in women with uterine leiomyoma.

    Pietro Santulli

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids are the most common gynaecological benign tumors in premenopausal women. Evidences support the role of oxidative stress in the development of uterine leiomyoma. We have analysed oxidative stress markers (thiols, advanced oxidized protein products (AOPP, protein carbonyls and nitrates/nitrites in preoperative sera from women with histologically proven uterine leiomyoma. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a laboratory study in a tertiary-care university hospital. Fifty-nine women with histologically proven uterine leiomyoma and ninety-two leiomyoma-free control women have been enrolled in this study. Complete surgical exploration of the abdominopelvic cavity was performed in each patient. Preoperative serum samples were obtained from all study participants to assay serum thiols, AOPP, protein carbonyls and nitrates/nitrites. Concentrations of serum protein carbonyl groups and AOPP were higher in leiomyoma patients than in the control group (p=0.005 and p<0.001, respectively. By contrast, serum thiol levels were lower in leiomyoma patients (p<0.001. We found positive correlations between serum AOPP concentrations and total fibroids weight (r=0.339; p=0.028, serum AOPP and serum protein carbonyls with duration of infertility (r=0.762; p=0.006 and r=0.683; p=0.021, respectively. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This study, for the first time, reveals a significant increase of protein oxidative stress status and reduced antioxidant capacity in sera from women with uterine leiomyoma.

  3. A comparative study of serum histaminase and serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase in acute myocardial infarction

    Gupta S


    Full Text Available Serum histaminase and SGOT were estimated in 35 cases of acute myocardial infarction and 34 cases of ischaemic heart disease (Other than acute myocardial infarction and 30, age and sex match-ed, healthy subjects which served as controls, to evaluate the com-parison of time relation activity, diagnostic and prognostic value of histaminase and SGOT. The enzymes were estimated within 6 hours, then repeated -within 24 hours, 2nd day, 3rd day, 5th day, 10th day and 15th day, ascertained from the time o f pain in the chest. Raised histaminase levels were found in 97.14%; cases, while SGOT levels were found elevated in only 91.4% cases of acute myo-cardial infarction of which 30 were electrocardiographically proved and 5 had equivocal electrocardiographic evidence of acute infarc-tion like LBBB, complete heart block, ventricular tachycardia and old myocardial infarction. Furthermore elevation of histaminase was 6.2 times whereas of SGOT only 5.2 times above the mean normal value. Serum histaminase was found elevated in all the 6 cases who presented within 6 hours of infarction, while SGOT did not rise in any of these cases. Both histaminase and SGOT reached the peak levels on the 2nd day and persisted for whole of the first week. Higher levels of these enzymes were found associated with worse prognosis. Above observations show that the serum histaminase rises earlier than SGOT and can prove the diagnosis of myocardial infarction even when SGOT and ECG fail to reveal the diagnosis. It is a more sensitive index and has higher peak rise of levels than SGOT. How-ever its pattern of rise, fall and prognostic values are similar to that of SGOT.

  4. Human autologous serum as a substitute for fetal bovine serum in human Schwann cell culture.

    Parisa Goodarzi


    Full Text Available Nowadays, cell -based and tissue engineered products have opened new horizons in treatment of incurable nervous system disorders. The number of studies on the role of Schwann cells (SC in treating nervous disorders is higher than other cell types. Different protocols have been suggested for isolation and expansion of SC which most of them have used multiple growth factors, mitogens and fetal bovine sera (FBS in culture medium. Because of potential hazards of animal-derived reagents, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of replacing FBS with human autologous serum (HAS on SC's yield and culture parameters. Samples from 10 peripheral nerve biopsies were retrieved and processed under aseptic condition. The isolated cells cultured in FBS (1st group or autologous serum (2nd group. After primary culture the cells were seeded at 10000 cell/cm2 in a 12 wells cell culture plate for each group. At 100% confluency, the cell culture parameters (count, viability, purity and culture duration of 2 groups were compared using paired t-test. The average donors' age was 35.80 (SD=13.35 and except for 1 sample the others cultured successfully. In first group, the averages of cell purity, viability and culture duration were 97% (SD=1.32, 97/33% (SD=1.22 and 11.77 (SD=2.58 days respectively. This parameters were 97.33% (SD=1.00, 97.55% (SD=1.33 and 10.33 days (SD=1.65 in second group. The difference of cell count, purity and viability were not significant between 2 groups (P>0.05. The cells of second group reached to 100% confluency in shorter period of time (P=0.03. The results of this study showed that autologous serum can be a good substitute for FBS in human SC culture. This can reduce the costs and improve the safety of cell product for clinical application.

  5. The reference range of serum, plasma and erythrocyte magnesium

    Suzanna Immanuel


    Full Text Available The interest in the clinical importance of serum magnesium level has just recently begun with the analysis and findings of abnormal magnesium level in cardiovascular, metabolic and neuromuscular disorder. Although the serum level does not reflect the body magnesium level, but currently, only serum magnesium determination is widely used. Erythrocyte magnesium is considered more sensitive than serum magnesium as it reflects intracellular magnesium status. According to NCCLS (National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards every laboratory is recommended to have its own reference range for the tests it performs, including magnesium determination. The reference range obtained is appropriate for the population and affected by the method and technique. This study aimed to find the reference range of serum and plasma magnesium and also intracellular magnesium i.e. erythrocyte magnesium by direct method, and compare the results of serum and plasma magnesium. Blood was taken from 114-blood donor from Unit Transfusi Darah Daerah (UTDD Budhyarto Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI DKI Jakarta, consisted of 57 male and 57 female, aged 17 – 65 years, clinically healthy according to PMI donor criteria. Blood was taken from blood set, collected into 4 ml vacuum tube without anticoagulant for serum magnesium determination and 3 ml vacuum tube with lithium heparin for determination of erythrocyte and plasma magnesium Determination of magnesium level was performed with clinical chemistry auto analyzer Hitachi 912 by Xylidil Blue method colorimetrically. This study showed no significant difference between serum and heparinized plasma extra cellular magnesium. The reference range for serum or plasma magnesium was 1.30 – 2.00 mEq/L and for erythrocyte magnesium was 4.46 - 7.10 mEq/L. (Med J Indones 2006; 15:229-35Keywords: Reference range, extracellular magnesium, intracellular magnesium

  6. Serum Renalase Levels Correlate with Disease Activity in Lupus Nephritis.

    Chaojun Qi

    Full Text Available Lupus nephritis (LN is among the most serious complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, which causes significant morbidity and mortality. Renalase is a novel, kidney-secreted cytokine-like protein that promotes cell survival. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationship of serum renalase levels with LN and its role in the disease progression of LN.For this cross-sectional study, 67 LN patients and 35 healthy controls were enrolled. Seventeen active LN patients who received standard therapies were followed up for six months. Disease activity was determined by the SLE Disease Activity-2000 (SLEDAI-2K scoring system and serum renalase amounts were determined by ELISA. Predictive value of renalase for disease activity was assessed. Furthermore, the expression of renalase in the kidneys of patients and macrophage infiltration was assessed by immunohistochemistry.Serum renalase amounts were significantly higher in LN patients than in healthy controls. Moreover, patients with proliferative LN had more elevated serum renalase levels than Class V LN patients. In proliferative LN patients, serum renalase levels were significantly higher in patients with active LN than those with inactive LN. Serum renalase levels were positively correlated with SLEDAI-2K, 24-h urine protein excretion, ds-DNA and ESR but inversely correlated with serum albumin and C3. Renalase amounts decreased significantly after six-months of standard therapy. The performance of renalase as a marker for diagnosis of active LN was 0.906 with a cutoff value of 66.67 μg/ml. We also observed that the amount of renalase was significantly higher in glomerular of proliferative LN along with the co-expression of macrophages.Serum renalase levels were correlated with disease activity in LN. Serum renalase might serve as a potential indicator for disease activity in LN. The marked increase of glomerular renalase and its association with macrophages suggest that it might play an




    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Patients who are admitted to hospital with pneumonia are at risk of subsequent recurrent pneumonia and death even after discharge. This risk may be even higher in patients, who have a low serum albumin level on admission. This study was conducted to determine serum albumin level in patients with CAP as compared to healthy individuals and to observe the correlation of serum albumin level with severity of CAP. METHODOLOGY: This study was carried in department of TB-chest at Gandhi medical college, Bhopal. The study includes 30 cases of CAP and 30 age and sex matched healthy controls. The cases were divided according to CRB-65- BTS criteria, in less severe pneumonia group A (score0-1, n=16, moderate pneumonia group B (score2-3, n=8, very severe pneumonia group C (score4, n=6. The serum was assayed quantitatively for albumin in biochemistry department and compared statistically. RESULTS: Patients with CAP have low levels of serum albumin (mean value 2.91±0.09 gm/dl and this value further decreases significantly with increasing severity of pneumonia (p<0.001. In control group, mean value of serum albumin was 3.21±0.10g/dl with no significant effect of age and sex. In pneumonia cases, serum albumin shows decreasing trend along with increasing severity of pneumonia with statistically significant (p<0.001 difference in mean serum albumin level in all three CAP groups with different level of severity. CONCLUSION: Serum albumin may be a good easily available and cheap indirect marker of not only nutritional status of the patient but also, it can be correlated with severity of community acquired pneumonia and thus prognosis.

  8. Changes in serum leptin level in patients with diabetic retinopathy

    Objective: To explore the regulation of changes in serum leptin level in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Methods: The 120 participating subjects were of four groups: healthy controls, diabetic patients without retinopathy, patients with NPDR and patients with PDR, each group consisted of 18 males and 12 females with comparable BMI. The levels of serum leptin, IVC, insulin and blood glucose of these patients were measured and the correlation between serum leptin level and other parameters was analysed. Results: The level of serum leptin in controls, diabetic patients without retinopathy, patients with NPDR and patients with PDR were 6.91 ± 1.87 μg/L, 7,83 ±2.11 μg/L, 9.56 ± 2.43 μg/L and 11.69 ± 2.57 μg/L respectively. The patients with PDR had higher serum leptin levels than patients with NPDR (t=2.15, p < 0.05), diabetic patients without retinopathy (t = 2.71, p < 0.01), and controls (t = 3.50, p < 0.001), the patients with NPDR had higher serum leptin levels than diabetic patients without retinopathy (t = 2.23, p < 0.05) and controls (t = 2.75, p < 0.01), while the difference in serum leptin was not significant between diabetic patients without retinopathy and controls. The serum level was positively correlated to BMI (r = 0.22, p < 0.05) and FINS (r = 0.28, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Serum leptin level is elevated in patients with diabetic retinopathy and is positively correlated to the severity of the disease

  9. Predicting brain metastases of breast cancer based on serum S100B and serum HER2

    Bechmann, Troels; Madsen, Jonna Skov; Brandslund, Ivan;


    Brain metastases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in breast cancer. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prediction of brain metastases based on serum S100B and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). A total of 107 breast cancer patients were included in the....... The univariate analysis of prognostic factors for brain metastases showed a significant correlation with systemic disease (P30 ng/ml (P=0.002). Only systemic disease (P30 ng/ml were identified to correlate with increased risk of brain metastases, which calls for further investigation....

  10. Type IV collagen-degrading enzyme activity in human serum.



    Full Text Available Type IV collagen-degrading enzyme activity was detected in human serum. Serum was preincubated with 4-aminophenylmercuric acetate and trypsin to activate the enzyme prior to assay. Type IV collagen, purified from human placentas and radiolabeled with [1-14C] acetic anhydride, was used as the substrate. The enzyme activity was measured at pH 7.5 and inhibited by treatment with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid or heat. The assay of type IV collagen-degrading enzyme in human serum might be useful for estimating the degradation of type IV collagen.