L.T. Bazeliuk; B.M. Salimbaeva
Sixty-four persons were examined. The examination was undertaken to study the cytomophological parameters of the cells of the nasal mucosa and the buccal epithelium in coal miners. Group 1 consisted of 18 donors without contact with industrial dust; Group 2 comprised 24 apparently healthy miners; Group 3 included 22 workers (drift miners) with Stage 1 anthracosilicosis, grade 1 respiratory failure. The patients with Stage 1 anthracosilicosis had noticeably worse morphofunctional characteristics of the epithelium that displayed extensive fields with pronounced structural changes, such as destruction and desquamation of the integumentary epithelium of the nasal mucosa. Nasal mucosal atrophic changes were observed in 50% of the examined miners. Examination of the buccal epithelium in apparently healthy miners (code 0) and in workers with Stage I anthracosilicosis revealed the increased proportion of microfloral (Streptococcus) contamination by 79% and 3.7 times, respectively.
This bibliography contains citations concerning the lung diseases generally termed pneumoconiosis. Anthracosilicosis, asbestosis, silicosis, and byssinosis are most prominently mentioned. Chest radiography studies and pulmonary function studies are considered. Studies on human leukocyte antigen (HLA) phenotypes and their relation to the disease are also discussed. (This updated bibliography contains 180 citations, 92 of which are new entries to the previous edition.)