WorldWideScience

Sample records for activismo judicial sobre

  1. Análisis económico del activismo judicial: el caso de la Corte Constitucional colombiana

    Jairo Andrés Castaño Peña

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito presenta una aproximación al fenómeno del activismo judicial desde la perspectiva del Análisis Económico del Derecho (AED. Como cometido, pretende mostrar que existen una serie de incentivos y de circunstancias que hacen que las decisiones de la Corte Constitucional colombiana se puedan calificar como activistas. Para tal fin, en primer lugar, se establecen unos derroteros básicos para la comprensión de la actividad judicial, específicamente de las funciones de control de constitucionalidad y de revisión de acción de tutela de la Corte Constitucional de Colombia; en segundo lugar, se realiza un acercamiento al concepto de activismo judicial, para, a continuación, presentar la formulación de políticas públicas y la creación de leyes como productos dentro de un modelo de mercado, esto con el fin de explicar y mostrar, desde el Análisis Económico del Derecho, las razones que explican la existencia del fenómeno del activismo judicial en el caso colombiano. En último lugar, se presentan dos casos de activismo judicial por parte de la Corte Constitucional colombiana: en primer término, el caso de la protección del derecho a la vivienda digna, o caso del UPAC, y en segundo término, el caso de la protección de los derechos de los recicladores de oficio; casos, uno y otro, donde se puede ver que existen incentivos que provocan decisiones activistas.

  2. Análisis económico del activismo judicial: el caso de la Corte Constitucional colombiana

    Jairo Andrés Castaño Peña

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito presenta una aproximación al fenómeno del activismo judicial desde la perspectiva del Análisis Económico del Derecho (AED. Como cometido, pretende mostrar que existen una serie de incentivos y de circunstancias que hacen que las decisiones de la Corte Constitucional colombiana se puedan calificar como activistas. Para tal fin, en primer lugar, se establecen unos derroteros básicos para la comprensión de la actividad judicial, específicamente de las funciones de control de constitucionalidad y de revisión de acción de tutela de la Corte Constitucional de Colombia; en segundo lugar, se realiza un acercamiento al concepto de activismo judicial, para, a continuación, presentar la formulación de políticas públicas y la creación de leyes como productos dentro de un modelo de mercado, esto con el fin de explicar y mostrar, desde el Análisis Económico del Derecho, las razones que explican la existencia del fenómeno del activismo judicial en el caso colombiano. En último lugar, se presentan dos casos de activismo judicial por parte de la Corte Constitucional colombiana: en primer término, el caso de la protección del derecho a la vivienda digna, o caso del UPAC, y en segundo término, el caso de la protección de los derechos de los recicladores de oficio; casos, uno y otro, donde se puede ver que existen incentivos que provocan decisiones activistas.

  3. Sobre el razonamiento judicial

    Asís Roig, Rafael de

    1998-01-01

    El trabajo elabora modelos a través de los cuáles es posible reconstruir la argumentación judicial plasmada en las sentencias y, a la vez, hacer explícitas las reglas que sirven de justificación a sus decisiones, y el marco normativo utilizado como referencia. El estudio analiza tanto los pronunciamientos sobre hechos como los que se refieren a la calificación jurídica, en principio, desde una perspectiva descriptiva. Ahora bien, también se llevan a cabo reflexiones y propuestas que van más a...

  4. Equidad , inclusión social y democracia: una respuesta crítica a los argumentos en contra del activismo judicial

    Gonzalo Aguilar Cavallo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo desarrollaremos un análisis crítico de los argumentos elaborados por losopositores del activismo judicial, jerga utilizada, generalmente, para juzgar de modo negativo los casosen donde el juez decide adjudicando un derecho social. Así, intentaremos mostrar que tal adjudicaciónse enmarca totalmente en la actividad jurisdiccional asignada por la Constitución chilena, concluyendoque ella resulta relevante en el contexto de una sociedad inequitativa, como un medio para realizar lajusticia social y realizar los ideales democráticos. La metodología que emplearemos dice relación con elestudio y análisis de la dogmática, relativa a la adjudicación de derechos sociales por parte de los jueces.

  5. Activismo indígena en Latinamérica: nuevos estudios, nuevos enfoques sobre los movimientos sociales étnicos

    García, Claudia

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent publications by Staffan Löfving, Heidi Moksnes, Rachel Sieder y Kay B. Warren y Jean E. Jackson, which discuss Indian activism in southern Mexico and Guatemala and which reflect a new historiographic trend, are subjected to critical scruting.

    La reciente publicación de las monografías de Staffan Löfving, Heidi Moksnes, Rachel Sieder y Kay B. Warren y Jean E. Jackson sobre el activismo indígena en el sur de México y Guatemala suponen un nuevo enfoque historiográfico que se analiza en detalle en este artículo.

  6. Usos políticos y activismo feminista de las páginas web sobre violencia contra las mujeres en España: una visión a partir de las potenciales usuarias

    Sonia NÚÑEZ PUENTE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El uso de Internet y de las Nuevas Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación están transformando las vías de representación y movilización políticas en la praxis feminista. Sus usos, institucionales y ciudadanos, configuran y alteran la esfera pública y contribuyen a situar en dicha esfera los objetivos fundamentales del activismo feminista. En este sentido, siendo el problema de la violencia contra las mujeres uno de los principales objetos de la praxis feminista actual, urge examinar la formación de comunidades virtuales feministas y la propia praxis feminista online como instrumentos de debate y movilización en el caso concreto de la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres. Aunque en nuestra investigación proyectamos un estudio de caso, las páginas web dedicadas a la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres y la consecuente formación de comunidades virtuales asentadas en la praxis feminista, adoptamos una perspectiva multidisciplinar: la única capaz de arrojar luz sobre el potencial de Internet y las NTIC en las dimensiones reivindicativa y participativa de la praxis feminista española online. Pretendemos identificar una tipología de usuarias de dichas comunidades virtuales feministas y de sus páginas web, y, también, sistematizar sus patrones de consumo. Intentaremos explicarlos en relación con las características de la articulación de los colectivos en red orientados a la praxis feminista en España y cómo estas comunidades online han conseguido importantes logros políticos en relación con la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres como es el caso de la aprobación de la Ley Orgánica de Medidas de Protección Integral contra la Violencia de Género. Para ello hemos realizado una encuesta a una muestra representativa de las potenciales usuarias, víctimas de violencia de género, de las páginas web dedicadas a la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres sobre los usos políticos y de activismo

  7. activismo y estéticas en experimento

    Omar Rincón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Podemos comunicarlo todo: tenemos las tecnologías de la comunicación cada vez más cerca; pero no podemos contar nada, porque no tenemos nada qué decir, ni sabemos cómo decirlo. Hay que inventarlo todo, intervenir de nuevo la sociedad desde la comunicación. Es necesario convertir los medios en experiencia estética, social y política. ¿Cómo? Usando a las tecnologías para el activismo y el experimento; recurriendo a los llamado retro, porque no es lo más actual, lo más mercado, como experiencia de inspiración y emoción. Hay que volver a las estéticas, a los modos de narrar y a las historias que están inscritas en nuestras identidades locales; en nuestras sensibilidades femeninas, juveniles o sexuales; en nuestras tradiciones étnicas, o en nuestros modos urbanos. Sólo basta una minicámara para inventar el universo. En este ensayo se realiza un alegato contra los universos estético-narrativopolíticos construidos por la máquina televisiva y la homogeneidad del mercado. En este texto se argumenta a favor del activismo comunicativo, de la exploración tecnológica y de la inspiración étnica como estrategias para generar una mayor conciencia sobre el valor social de la comunicación, la intervención estético-narrativa de la sociedad y la importancia política de los medios de la gente.

  8. Um enfoque sanitário sobre a demanda judicial de medicamentos A sanitary focus on medicines lawsuit

    Tatiana Aragão Figueiredo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, apesar dos avanços da assistência farmacêutica, permanecem falhas na garantia do acesso dos cidadãos aos medicamentos pelo Estado. Nos últimos anos, vem crescendo a reivindicação de medicamentos por parte do cidadão via sistema judiciário. Os objetos dessas solicitações são tanto os medicamentos em falta na rede pública como aqueles ainda não incorporados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Este fenômeno pode ser analisado sob diferentes perspectivas, inclusive a sanitária, entendida aqui como os desfechos sobre a saúde dos indivíduos que demandam estes medicamentos. O presente texto busca discutir as principais características das demandas judiciais frente aos seguintes aspectos: o uso racional de medicamentos, o uso de evidências científicas para a indicação terapêutica proposta e o quanto as demandas se justificam diante do conceito de acesso adotado pelo campo da assistência farmacêutica. Ponderações podem ser feitas no sentido de minimizar os riscos à saúde dos demandantes de medicamentos por via judicial, sobretudo quando o objeto da ação são medicamentos não pertencentes às listas de fornecimento público, ou com uso off label, ou desprovidos de registro no país. Considera-se que o Judiciário, a partir do fornecimento de medicamentos, busca garantir a saúde dos demandantes, e assim a dignidade da pessoa humana. Cabe ressaltar que este objetivo só será atingido quando a garantia da saúde estiver associada aos aspectos que certificam a segurança do paciente, inclusive no uso de medicamentos.In Brazil, in spite of advances in the field of pharmaceutical care, problems in assurance, by the State, of access to medicines persist. Since the early 1990s, the judicial demand of medicines by citizens has increased. The lawsuits demand medicines that are out-of-stock in the public sector as well as medicines that have not yet been incorporated by the Brazilian Health System. This phenomenon may be

  9. Consideraciones sobre el concepto de Arma de Fuego en la Balística Judicial

    Amaury Suárez González

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available El empleo de armas de fuego como uno de los medios en la comisión de hechos delictivos no ha dejado de ser una constante dentro de la ocurrencia del delito y de hecho su uso se ha venido incrementando si no significativamente sí de forma sostenida, lo cual repercute en la necesidad de una mayor atención a este tema. En el caso específico de la Criminalística nos ha tocado muy a menudo dilucidar si determinado ingenio constituye o no un arma de fuego y de serlo que tipo, lo cual redunda de una forma u otra en la posterior apreciación que se forma con relación a nuestro dictamen el tribunal que tiene ante si esta problemática. El presente trabajo expone reflexiones sobre esta temática, así como, el juicio o punto de vista del autor sobre el particular, además de sus consideraciones al respecto que dicho sea de paso intenta tanto en el orden jurídico como en el orden técnico ayudar a comprender las principales premisas del tema ,brindando a su vez una conceptualidad fundamentada y junto a esta la clasificación brindada como resultado de las investigaciones Criminalísticas en el país y el exterior como un material de consulta para los Juristas y demás interesados

  10. Sobre la cientificidad de la prueba científica en el proceso judicial

    Carmen Vázquez-Rojas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años diversos ordenamientos, resoluciones jurisprudenciales y la doctrina han venido considerando como criterio de admisión o de valoración de las pruebas periciales su “cientificidad”. Con independencia de cualquier problema procesal que esto pudiera generar, parece presuponerse una diferencia sustantiva entre una prueba pericial científica y una prueba pericial no-científica o incluso entre una prueba pericial y una prueba científica. Evidentemente, la pregunta inicial sería, pues, en qué consiste dicha cientificidad. Y este es precisamente el problema que este trabajo pretende abordar, arrojando, a su vez, un poco de luz sobre la “imagen jurídica” de la empresa científica. Entre otras cosas, a dichos efectos, se aborda la experiencia estadounidense en el tema básicamente mediante el paradigmático caso Daubert. Todos estos problemas fundamentalmente teóricos tienen o han tenido ya grandes implicaciones en la práctica de los tribunales de justicia.

  11. A psicologia comunitária e o sistema judicial: Uma nova forma de olhar e intervir sobre a delinquência

    Veríssimo, Manuela

    1990-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta as teorias da Psicologia Comunitária sobre o problema da delinquência, ao mesmo tempo que apresenta alguns dos programas que esta tem vindo a implantar junto do Sistema Judicial. Salienta-se o facto de todos estes programas visarem não só diminuir a delinquência mas também contribuir para uma mudança profunda nos objectivos e formas de trabalhar neste sistema.

  12. Textos en contexto: activismo de las mujeres afrocolombianas en el litoral pacífico colombiano

    Kiran Asher Traducción Adriana Escobar

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Este documento recorre la línea divisoria entre teóricos feministas y expertos de género que se orientan hacia la praxis, con el fin de apoyar una lectura más adecuada de las críticas feministas poscoloniales en torno al género y al desarrollo.Inspirándose en el activismo de las mujeres afrocolombianas del Litoral Pacífico de Colombia, este texto argumenta que el «lenguaje teórico denso» de feministas poscoloniales no está dirigido a las mujeres del Tercer Mundo. Así mismo, fundamenta el hecho de que las mujeres de esta región poseen una habilidad independiente para actuar y reflexionar sobre su propia realidad y afirma que tales enfoques exhortan a los investigadores, académicos, activistas y expertos en género del Norte y el Sur a hacer una reflexión crítica de sus deseos y métodos para mejorar la vida de las mujeres del Tercer Mundo, así como a comprometerse con políticas feministas estratégicas más inclusivas.

  13. El convenio de la Unión Europea sobre competencia judicial, reconocimiento y ejecución de resoluciones en materia matrimonial: un ejercicio de preciosismo barroco

    Ruben B. Santos Belandro

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El grupo de países europeos que se encuentra comprometido en el proceso de integración económica formuló hace ya tiempo, los criterios para determinar las bases de competencia a fi~ de resolver los litigios de derecho privado que pudieran surgir en dicho espacio geográfico. El documento elaborado fue el Convenio de Bruselas sobre competencia judicial y ejecución de las resoluciones en materia civil y mercantil del 27 de setiembre de 1968. Sin embargo, en dicho momento no fue posible regular las bases de competencia en los procedimientos civiles que se vinculaban conlos temas del divorcio, de la separación legal de los cónyuges y acerca de las cuestiones relacionadas conla nulidad del matrimonio (...Contenido: Ambito de aplicación. Bases de competencia directa. Verificación de la competenciay verificación de la admisibilidad. Litispendentia y acciones conexas. Reconocimiento y ejecución. Definiciones. Ejecución.Procedimiento de la ejecución. Ejecución parcial. Cláusulas de compatibilidad interconvencionales. Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas. Una visión general del Convenio

  14. Judicialização da política: um ensaio sobre o procedimentalismo deliberativo na jurisdição constitucional brasileira / Judicialization of politics: an essay on deliberative proceduralism in brazilian judicial review

    Marcio Renan Hamel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente texto aborda o crescente fenômeno da judicialização da política no contexto brasileiro, questionando se a principal metodologia do Poder Judiciário deve ser a de criar espaços ou a de ser espaço. A defesa é embasada na obra do filósofo Jürgen Habermas, apontando-se para um aumento da atividade procedimental democrática de deliberação pública, legitimando a lei positiva e diminuindo a intervenção judiciária. Palavras-chave: Judicialização; política; procedimento; democracia; jurisdição. Abstract The present text deals with the growing phenomenon of politics judicialization in the brazilian context, questioning wheter the main methodology of the Judiciary should be to create spaces or to be space. The defence is based on the work of the philosopher Jürgen Habermas, pointing to an increased of the democratic procedural activity of public deliberation, legitimising positive law and decreasing judicial intervention. Keywords: Judicialization; policy; procedure; democracy; jurisdiction.

  15. Judicial Truth

    Varvara Licuta Coman

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available All major world encyclopedias define the essence of a phenomenon as being the unification of traits and necessary internal relations, with a relative stability in connection with adjacent phenomena. In this study, we chose to investigate a concept that is the essence of the law, namely, the judicial truth. Starting from the social intent of the law, which is to regulate the social relations, we proposed as a priority objective of this study to highlight the idea that the science of law disregards any subjective human judgment and any values outside the values of true and false. So, in this paper, we analyzed both the concept of truth and the judicial truth. The legal phenomenon is not a specific thing, and its scientific truth is an argumentative construction of the idea of justice, depending on a legal doctrine or another.

  16. Judicial Auditing.

    Spitzer, Matt; Talley, Eric

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents a simple framework for analyzing a hierarchical system of judicial auditing. We concentrate on (what we perceive to be) the two principal reasons that courts and/or legislatures tend to scrutinize the decisions of lower-echelon actors: imprecision and ideological bias. In comparing these two reasons, we illustrate how each may yield systematically distinct auditing and reversal behaviors. While auditing for imprecision tends to bring about evenhanded review/reversal, audit...

  17. On Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Independence

    Comtois, Suzanne; de Graaf, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    'Principles of judicial and quasi-judicial independence are fundamental to all democracies and yet, the notion of independence is still elusive. What is judicial and quasi-judicial independence and why is it important? From whom and what are the judiciary and other adjudicators to be independent? Is

  18. El activismo de los inversionistas institucionales en el gobierno de las grandes sociedades

    Carlos Ernesto Arcudia Hernández

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El movimiento del gobierno corporativo ha propuesto una serie de medidas que buscan resolver los problemas de separación entre el control y la gestión de las sociedades anónimas -los problemas de agencia. En este trabajo analizamos el activismo de los inversionistas institucionales como medio de control a la administración de sociedades de capital disperso. Los inversionistas institucionales en Estados Unidos han actuado por vía extraorgánica y por vía orgánica para controlar la gestión de las grandes sociedades de ese país. Si bien este activismo es una posible solución, la estructura de capital de las grandes sociedades anónimas mexicanas y los intereses de los inversores institucionales hacen un tanto difícil su actuación en nuestro país.

  19. Evaluating Judicial Performance: Editors’ Introduction

    Francesco Contini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The articles in this issue tackle the conceptual issues associated with defining good judging and the purposes of evaluating judges, and ask such questions as: What values are central to the judicial role? What knowledge, skills, abilities, and other qualities are important to judicial performance? What does scholarship tell us about judging and judicial performance? What are the challenges in measuring judicial performance, the extent to which existing evaluation programs can capture what it means to be a judge, and the potential for developing multi-method evaluation programs? An underlying theme is the nature and desirability of linking evaluations of individual judges with evaluations of the court system and the ways in which results from performance evaluation can be incorporated into educational and other programs designed to promote improvements in the quality of the judiciary. The papers cluster around three major themes: (i Conceptual and methodological issues; (ii Experiences of evaluating judges; and (iii Empirical research findings. Los artículos de este número abordan aspectos conceptuales asociados con el hecho de juzgar de forma correcta y los propósitos de evaluar a los jueces, y plantean preguntas como: ¿qué valores son básicos en el rol judicial? ¿Qué conocimiento, aptitudes, habilidades y otras cualidades son importantes para el rendimiento judicial? ¿Qué nos dice el mundo académico sobre el hecho de juzgar y el rendimiento judicial? ¿Cuáles son los retos en la medición del rendimiento judicial, hasta qué punto los programas de evaluación existentes pueden capturar lo que significa ser un juez, y el potencial para desarrollar programas de evaluación multidisciplinares? Un tema subyacente es la naturaleza y la deseabilidad de unir evaluaciones de jueces individuales con evaluaciones del sistema judicial, y las formas en las que los resultados del rendimiento judicial se pueden incorporar en programas educativos

  20. La doctrina casacional sobre la transparencia de las cláusulas suelo conculca la garantía constitucional de la tutela judicial efectiva

    Carrasco Perera, Angel Francisco; González Carrasco, María Carmen

    2013-01-01

    La Sentencia del Tribunal Supremo 241/2013, de 9 de mayo, relativa a la declaración de nulidad de las cláusulas suelo en préstamos hipotecarios por falta de transparencia es inconstitucional por vulnerar el derecho a la tutela judicial efectiva. Este artículo expone los argumentos que justifican este reproche. The Judgment of the Supreme Court 241/2013, of 9th May, on unfairness of “bottom” clauses in mortgage loans due to lack of transparency is unconstitutionality because of the ...

  1. El activismo de los inversionistas institucionales en el gobierno de las grandes sociedades

    Carlos Ernesto Arcudia Hernández

    2012-01-01

    El movimiento del gobierno corporativo ha propuesto una serie de medidas que buscan resolver los problemas de separación entre el control y la gestión de las sociedades anónimas -los problemas de agencia. En este trabajo analizamos el activismo de los inversionistas institucionales como medio de control a la administración de sociedades de capital disperso. Los inversionistas institucionales en Estados Unidos han actuado por vía extraorgánica y por vía orgánica para controlar la gestión de la...

  2. Las leyes sobre vagancia: control policial y práctica judicial en el ocaso de la frontera (Tandil 1872-1881)

    Sedeillán, Gisela

    2007-01-01

    A fines de la década de 1870, el gobierno provincial, con el objeto de lograr mayor control social sobre la población rural, implementó una reestructuración policial en la campaña bonaerense. La misma tenía por objetivo afianzar la propiedad privada y contribuir al mercado de trabajo, asimismo perseguía un fuerte interés en satisfacer la necesidad del estado de hombres en plena etapa de expansión de la frontera. La presión reclutadora del estado se reflejará en un aumento de detenidos por vag...

  3. Internação psiquiátrica e ordem judicial: saberes e poderes sobre adolescentes usuários de drogas ilícitas Internación psiquiátrica y orden judicial: saberes y poderes sobre adolescentes usuarios de drogas ilícitas Psychiatric internments and judicial orders: knowledge and power with regard to drug-abuse young people

    Andrea Cristina Coelho Scisleski

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a internação psiquiátrica compulsória destinada a adolescentes usuários de drogas que vivem em situação de marginalidade social, a partir de uma pesquisa de mestrado no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social e Institucional/UFRGS, realizada em um hospital psiquiátrico público na cidade de Porto Alegre/Brasil. O objetivo do estudo é investigar como a internação psiquiátrica, nesses moldes, é produzida, levando em conta as trajetórias sociais dos adolescentes. A discussão reside em debater a internação psiquiátrica compulsória no encaminhamento de adolescentes aos serviços de saúde, pondo em questão seus efeitos no campo das políticas públicas e nos processos de subjetivação. Conclui-se que a ordem judicial nos encaminhamentos à internação psiquiátrica pode funcionar tanto como uma forma de punição aos adolescentes quanto como um meio de acesso aos serviços de saúde.Este artículo analiza la internación psiquiátrica por determinación judicial direccionada a adolescentes usuarios de drogas ilícitas, que viven en situación de marginalidad social, desde una investigación de Maestría en "Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social e Institucional/UFRGS", realizada en un Hospital Psiquiátrico público en la ciudad de Porto Alegre/Brasil. El objetivo de este estudio es investigar como la internación psiquiátrica es producida de esa manera, llevando en cuenta las trayectorias sociales de los adolescentes internos. La discusión reside en debatir la internación psiquiátrica por determinación judicial en encaminamiento de adolescentes a los servicios de salud, cuestionando sus efectos en el campo de las políticas públicas y en los procesos de subjetivación que afectan la vida de esos pacientes. Se concluye que la determinación judicial en los encaminamientos a la internación psiquiátrica puede funcionar tanto como una manera de punición a los adolescentes como tambi

  4. Evaluating Judicial Performance Evaluation: A Conceptual Analysis

    Joe McIntyre

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available While the performance evaluation of judges has become a ubiquitous aspect of modern judicial administration, evaluation mechanisms of are too often utilised uncritically, without reflection on why we evaluate judges, and how ‘measurement’ furthers these objectives. This article provides a conceptual analysis of the role and purpose of performance evaluation, conceiving it as a limited tool of judicial accountability, which itself exists only to promote excellent judging. As such, the efficacy of evaluation mechanisms must always be assessed by reference to their impact on these overarching accountability objectives. The article explores the value of this conception approach by briefly examining three uses of performance evaluation: 1 judicial promotions; 2 judicial retention elections; and 3 judicial professional development. In doing so it illustrates how a clear conceptual approach invites a more nuanced and critical examination of the limitations and benefits of judicial performance evaluation programs. Mientras que la evaluación del rendimiento de los jueces se ha convertido en un aspecto omnipresente de la administración judicial moderna, los mecanismos de evaluación se utilizan con demasiada frecuencia de manera acrítica, sin reflexionar sobre las razones por las que evaluamos a los jueces, y cómo se alcanzan los objetivos buscados mediante la 'medición'. Este artículo ofrece un análisis conceptual de la función y el propósito de la evaluación del rendimiento, concibiéndola como una herramienta limitada de la responsabilidad judicial, que a su vez sólo existe para promover la excelencia judicial. Como tal, la eficacia de los mecanismos de evaluación siempre se debe comprobar en función de su impacto en los objetivos de responsabilidad globales. El artículo explora el valor de este enfoque examinando brevemente tres usos de la evaluación de rendimiento: 1 promociones judiciales; 2 elecciones para la reelección de

  5. JUDICIAL ORGANIZATION THEORY'S MATTER

    Logvinov D.A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose. The article presents the author's solution to the problem of legal regulation sphere in public and legal relations on the organization of the judiciary, critical analysis of the widely discussed in legal science the concept of «judicial law», ability and nature of «judicial law», capability and nature of «judicial law» as a regulatory system and an independent scientific direction. In addition, the article raised the question of ensuring internal content of such sphere of research th...

  6. Judicial Influence on Policy Outputs?

    Martinsen, Dorte Sindbjerg

    2015-01-01

    ) social policy outputs. A taxonomy of judicial influence is constructed, and expectations of institutional and political conditions on judicial influence are presented. The analysis draws on an extensive novel data set and examines judicial influence on EU social policies over time, that is, between 1958...... political responses to attenuate unwelcome jurisprudence and constrain the legislative effect of judicial decisions....

  7. “Mujeres de otra raza”: la irrupción del peronismo en el activismo femenino/feminista

    Natalia Martínez Prado

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo realizamos un recorrido histórico del activismo femenino entre las décadas del treinta y el cincuenta con el propósito de detenernos en sus procesos (des articulatorios/ (des identificatorios. Desde una perspectiva post-estructuralista del análisis del discurso, procuramos rastrear esos procesos habilitados por ciertas maneras de hacer política, intentando reconocer los sentidos que históricamente se fueron fijando y desplazando en los principales significantes identitarios entre las mujeres activistas. Específicamente, nuestro recorrido se concentra en el activismo feminista y las continuidades y rupturas que se produjeron a partir de sus prácticas articulatorias con los diversos partidos políticos. Así, señalamos cómo las feministas, condicionadas por su histórica vinculación con el Partido Socialista, se vieron paradójicamente desarticuladas frente a la masiva movilización de las mujeres y la incorporación de sus reclamos en el flamante Partido Peronista Femenino. En otras palabras, señalamos cómo en ese período fueron subsumidas bajo la lógica hegemónica de la evitización de la política femenina.

  8. Survival after judicial hanging.

    Sabermoghaddam, Mohsen; Abad, Mohsen; Golmakani, Ebrahim; Mozaffari, Nasrollah

    2015-06-01

    Hanging is known not only as a common method of suicide but also as a capital punishment method in some countries. Although several cases have been reported to survive after the attempted suicidal/accidental hanging, to the extent of our knowledge, no modern case of survival after judicial hanging exists. We reported a case of an individual who revived after modern judicial hanging despite being declared dead. The case was admitted with poor clinical presentations and the Glasgow Coma Scale of 6/15. The victim received all the standard supportive intensive care and gained complete clinical recovery. PMID:25747958

  9. Terrorist Threats and Judicial Deference

    Rytter, Jens Elo

    2014-01-01

    The article analyses the extent to which judicial restraint in cases concerning national security is justified. It is argued that the extent of restraint must depend on the normative issue/aspect which is subject to judicial review....

  10. The Impact of Judicial Reform on Crime Victimization and Trust in Institutions in Mexico.

    Blanco, Luisa

    2016-01-01

    This article studies the impact of judicial reform in Mexico. It does so using a survey about crime victimization and perceptions of insecurity (Encuesta Nacional Sobre la Inseguridad [ENSI]) collected in 2005, 2008, and 2009 in 11 Mexican cities, 3 of which implemented the reform in 2007 and 2008. This analysis shows that judicial reform not only reduces victimization but also lowers perceptions of security. Although we find that judicial reform has a negative effect on trust in the local and federal police, judicial reform reduces the probability of being asked by the transit police for a bribe. PMID:26645670

  11. La reforma judicial de 1994 en México

    Gabriela Beatriz González-Gómez; Ma. De Lourdes González Chávez

    2007-01-01

    El artículo forma parte del fundamento teórico de la investigación doctoral que se llevó a cabo en la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México sobre el impacto de factores sociales en el desempeño del personal del Poder Judicial que ocasionó la reforma constitucional federal de 1994 al modificar la estructura y funcionamiento de la Suprema Corte de Justicia y en consecuencia, de todo el Poder Judicial de México. El texto aquí desarrollado aborda los principios más generales de la teoría de j...

  12. Selected Regional Judicial Officer Cases, 2005 - Present

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset contains selected cases involving EPA's Regional Judicial Officers (RJOs) from 2005 to present. EPA's Regional Judicial Officers (RJOs) perform...

  13. Arbitration and Judicialization

    Alec Stone Sweet

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The arbitral world is at a crucial point in its historical development, poised between two conflicting conceptions of its nature, purpose, and political legitimacy. Formally, the arbitrator is an agent of the contracting parties in dispute, a creature of a discrete contract gone wrong. Yet, increasingly, arbitrators are treated as agents of a larger global community, and arbitration houses concern themselves with the general and prospective impact of important awards. In this paper, I address these questions, first, from the standpoint of delegation theory. In Part I, I introduce the basic “Principal-Agent” framework [P-A] used by social scientists to explain why actors create new institutions, and then briefly discuss how P-A has been applied to the study of courts. Part II uses delegation theory to frame discussion of arbitration as a mode of governance for transnational business and investment. In Part III, I argue that the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID is presently in the throes of judicialization, indicators of which include the enhanced use of precedent-based argumentation and justification, the acceptance of third-party briefs, and a flirtation with proportionality balancing. Part IV focuses on the first wave of awards rendered by ICSID tribunals pursuant to Argentina’s response to the crushing economic crisis of 2000-02, wherein proportionality emerged, adapted from the jurisprudence of the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization.

  14. La actualidad de la equidad de Aristóteles. Doce tesis antiformalistas sobre el derecho y la función judicial || The Actuality of Aristotle’s Concept of Equity. Twelve Antiformalist Thesis About the Law and Judicial Function

    Jesús Vega López

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen.En este trabajo se propone una lectura de la teoría aristotélica de la equidad desde los presupuestos de un enfoque argumentativo del derecho. Después de ofrecer una contextualización de la filosofía del derecho de Aristóteles en el marco de su filosofía moral (teoría de la virtud y política (teoría del Estado, se extraen las implicaciones de la equidad para la práctica de la jurisdicción en forma de doce tesis críticas del formalismo jurídico.Abstract.This  paper  purports  an  interpretation  of  the  Aristotelian  theory  of  equity  from  the  point of  view  of  an  argumentative  approach  to  law.  Once  the  main  ideas  of  the  legal  philosophy  of  Aristotle  are  framed  in  the  context  of  his  moral  and  political  philosophy  (namely,  virtue  theory  and  state  theory,  the  implications  of  equity  for  the  practice  of  judicial  reasoning  are  drawn  in  the  form  of  twelve  theses  against  legal formalism.

  15. A Supremacia Judicial em sua Essência: para além / The Judicial Supremacy on its Core: to beyond theoretical casuism

    Carlos Bolonha

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca uma compreensão filosófica, no plano da ontognosiologia, acerca da supremacia judicial, discutindo o que seria este fenômeno jurídico-político em sua essência. Acredita-se que essa compreensão abstrata da supremacia judicial possa ser obtida por uma análise hipotética de situações correspondentes a fatores de potencial aproximação ou afastamento de uma preponderância da atividade judiciária perante os poderes eleitos. Considera-se a existência de, pelo menos, quatro fatores: (1 o bom funcionamento dos poderes eleitos; (2 o bom funcionamento da atividade judiciária; (3 o comprometimento com os direitos; e (4 o desacordo moral sobre o conteúdo dos direitos.The present study develops a philosophical conception of judicial supremacy, in the ontognosiology level. Observing this legal-political phenomenon in its core, we defend that the abstract conception of judicial supremacy can be obtained by an exam of hypothetical situations corresponding to potential approach or potential removal factors of a judicial superiority before elected branches. In this sense, it is possible to consider at least four factors: (1 the well-functioning of the elected branches; (2 the wellfunctioning of the judicial activity; (3 the commitment with rights; and (4 the moral disagreement on the content of rights.

  16. Judicial Affairs and the Future.

    Pavela, Gary

    1996-01-01

    American colleges and universities will play an increasingly important role in revitalizing a national sense of identity and community. Judicial affairs offices can contribute to that process by helping students define and protect values essential to community life. (Author)

  17. O Supremo Tribunal Federal e a anencefalia: uma reflexão sobre a legitimidade democrática do Judiciário à luz de Rawls, Habermas e Nino

    Maria Eugenia Bunchaft

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2011v10n3p55O debate entre Habermas e Rawls representa uma contribuição fundamental para a compreensão das questões sobre reconhecimento, multiculturalismo e pós-secularismo, introduzindo diferentes concepções filosóficas que podem contribuir sobre a temática acerca do uso público da razão, a fim de elucidar as diferentes percepções teóricas capazes de atender aos desafios propostos pelas sociedades pluralistas. Carlos Santiago Nino, por sua vez, estabeleceu uma estratégia teórica denominada “construtivismo epistemológico”, delineada a partir do debate Habermas-Rawls. Por conseguinte, pretendemos articular os fundamentos filosóficos atinentes à concepção de razão pública delineada por Rawls e Habermas e ao construtivismo epistemológico de Carlos Santiago Nino com a análise da legitimidade democrática do STF na resolução de uma questão moral controvertida que é objeto de um desacordo moral razoável: o aborto de fetos anencéfalos.

  18. Reflexiones sobre arte para lo político y representación en las acciones del colectivo LULI

    Fukelman, María Cristina; Di María, Graciela; Sánchez Pórfido, Elisabet; González, Silvia Juana; Albero, María Marta; Gatica, Danisa; Naón, Marisa; Ladaga, Cristian; Montequin, Diana; Estévez, Mariana

    2013-01-01

    Esta ponencia tiene como finalidad reflexionar sobre determinados conceptos, de diferentes densidades semánticas, que designan, explican y analizan modalidades de producción artística centradas en espacios alternativos, que dan la espalda a los espacios y medios institucionales tradicionales del campo artístico. Se referirá a algunas acciones del colectivo LULI. Entre los conceptos que se trabajaran se encuentra el arte político, arte para lo político, arte público, arte de acción, activismo,...

  19. 40 CFR 178.65 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 178.65 Section 178.65... REQUESTS FOR HEARINGS Judicial Review § 178.65 Judicial review. An order issued under § 178.37 is final... of the order in the Federal Register. The failure to file a petition for judicial review within...

  20. 28 CFR 71.42 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 71.42 Section 71.42....42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an... assessments under this part and specifies the procedures for such review....

  1. 40 CFR 179.125 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 179.125 Section 179... EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Judicial Review § 179.125 Judicial review. (a) The Administrator's final decision... judicial review within the period ending on the 60th day after the date of the publication of the...

  2. Activismo LGTB en la prensa cinematográfica de la Transición tardía (1979-1983)

    Melero Salvador, Alejandro

    2015-01-01

    Los años de la Transición en España fueron de gran visibilidad para los colectivos de minorías sexuales que, por primera vez, podían expresar con libertad (pero con muchas dificultades) sus reivindicaciones. El fin de la censura y la explosión de nuevos medios de comunicación en prensa escrita permitieron que las pretensiones de los colectivos LGTB encontraran unos huecos en los que poder presentarse. Esta comunicación rastrea la representación del activismo homosexual en la prensa española e...

  3. Budgeting in the Era of Judicial Independence

    Jesper Wittrup

    2010-01-01

    In this paper judicial independence is viewed from the angle of economics. Economic historians have identified judicial independence as a key element in explaining why some nations have had a more successful economic development than others. Empirically it is shown that perceived judicial independence correlates with economic growth. I argue that the crucial importance of judicial independence and how it is perceived poses a challenge with regard to judicial budgeting, and that this true with...

  4. Budgeting in the Era of Judicial Independence

    Jesper Wittrup

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper judicial independence is viewed from the angle of economics. Economic historians have identified judicial independence as a key element in explaining why some nations have had a more successful economic development than others. Empirically it is shown that perceived judicial independence correlates with economic growth. I argue that the crucial importance of judicial independence and how it is perceived poses a challenge with regard to judicial budgeting, and that this true with regard to both basic models of judicial budgeting presently found in Europe: the traditional model which grants the authority to manage and allocate the judicial budget to the Ministry of Justice, and the more “modern” approach which grants this authority to an independent judicial council. However as illustrated with practical examples, in both cases the use of carefully designed and transparent statistical performance indicators may help authorities to deal more properly with the challenge posed by judicial independence.

  5. Sobre la creación literaria, filosófica y feminista : una entrevista con Françoise Collin

    Nadine Plateau

    2013-01-01

    Entrevista realizada a Françoise Collin en la que la filósofa reflexiona sobre las diferencias entre la escritura literaria, la filosófica y la política. Collin dibuja su recorrido por las tres formas de escritura y lo relaciona con su evolución hacia el feminismo y el activismo político, con los que su obra de creación, tanto literaria como académica, está fuertemente imbricada.

  6. Sobre la creación literaria, filosófica y feminista: una entrevista con Françoise Collin

    Nadine Plateau

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Entrevista realizada a Françoise Collin en la que la filósofa reflexiona sobre las diferencias entre la escritura literaria, la filosófica y la política. Collin dibuja su recorrido por las tres formas de escritura y lo relaciona con su evolución hacia el feminismo y el activismo político, con los que su obra de creación, tanto literaria como académica, está fuertemente imbricada.

  7. 42 CFR 422.612 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 422.612 Section 422.612 Public... Judicial review. (a) Review of ALJ's decision. Any party, including the MA organization, may request judicial review (upon notifying the other parties) of an ALJ's decision if— (1) The Board denied the...

  8. 31 CFR 16.42 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 16.42 Section 16.42... FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United States District Court of a final decision of...

  9. 32 CFR 195.12 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 195.12 Section 195.12 National... RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 195.12 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act....

  10. 31 CFR 28.630 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 28.630 Section 28.630 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS... Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to 20 U.S.C. 1682 is subject to judicial review as provided in 20...

  11. 14 CFR 1250.110 - Judicial review.

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1250.110 Section 1250.110... PROGRAMS OF NASA-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1250.110 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section...

  12. 42 CFR 414.920 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 414.920 Section 414.920 Public... Under Part B § 414.920 Judicial review. The following areas under the CAP are not subject to administrative or judicial review: (a) The establishment of payment amounts. (b) The awarding of vendor...

  13. 44 CFR 62.22 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 62.22 Section 62.22 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... ADJUSTMENT OF CLAIMS Claims Adjustment, Claims Appeals, and Judicial Review § 62.22 Judicial review. (a)...

  14. 31 CFR 6.16 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 6.16 Section 6.16... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Procedures for Considering Applications § 6.16 Judicial review. Judicial review of final agency decisions on awards may be sought as provided in 5 U.S.C. 504(c)(2)....

  15. 14 CFR 1264.141 - Judicial review.

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1264.141 Section 1264.141... PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.141 Judicial review. Section 3805 of Title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United States District Court of a final decision of the authority...

  16. 42 CFR 423.2136 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 423.2136 Section 423.2136 Public...) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2136 Judicial review. (a) General rule. To the extent authorized by sections...

  17. 36 CFR 1211.630 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 1211.630... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Procedures § 1211.630 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to 20 U.S.C. 1682 is subject to judicial review as provided in 20 U.S.C. 1683....

  18. 44 CFR 295.43 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 295.43... Judicial review. As an alternative to arbitration, a Claimant dissatisfied with the outcome of an Administrative Appeal may seek judicial review of the decision by bringing a civil lawsuit against FEMA in...

  19. 14 CFR 1262.309 - Judicial review.

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1262.309 Section 1262.309... PROCEEDINGS Procedures for Considering Applications § 1262.309 Judicial review. Judicial review of final... United States having jurisdiction to review the merits of the underlying decision of the agency...

  20. 49 CFR 1016.310 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 1016.310 Section 1016.310 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT... Judicial review. Judicial review of final Board decisions on awards may be sought as provided in 5...

  1. 36 CFR 1150.104 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 1150.104 Section 1150.104 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE... Judicial review. Any complainant or participant in a proceeding may obtain judicial review of a final...

  2. 44 CFR 6.57 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 6.57 Section... SECURITY GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Requests To Amend Records § 6.57 Judicial review... requestor may seek judicial review of that determination. A civil action must be filed in the...

  3. 17 CFR 201.58 - Judicial review.

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 201.58 Section 201.58 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Regulations Pertaining to the Equal Access to Justice Act § 201.58 Judicial review. Judicial review of...

  4. 31 CFR 27.8 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 27.8 Section 27.8... OF DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NAMES, SYMBOLS, ETC. § 27.8 Judicial review. A final Notice of Assessment issued under this party may be subject to judicial review pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 701 et seq....

  5. 42 CFR 423.1976 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 423.1976 Section 423.1976 Public...) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.1976 Judicial review. (a) Review of ALJ's decision. The enrollee may request...

  6. 33 CFR 140.30 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 140.30 Section... CONTINENTAL SHELF ACTIVITIES GENERAL General § 140.30 Judicial review. (a) Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to prevent any interested party from seeking judicial review as authorized by law. (b)...

  7. 40 CFR 180.30 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 180.30 Section 180.30... EXEMPTIONS FOR PESTICIDE CHEMICAL RESIDUES IN FOOD Procedural Regulations § 180.30 Judicial review. (a) Under FFDCA section 408(h), judicial review is available in the United States Courts of Appeal as to...

  8. 44 CFR 7.15 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 7.15 Section...-Assisted Programs-General § 7.15 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act....

  9. 31 CFR 92.18 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 92.18 Section 92.18... States Mint § 92.18 Judicial review. A Final Notice of Assessment issued under the procedures in this subpart may be subject to judicial review pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 701 et seq....

  10. 5 CFR 185.142 - Judicial review.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 185.142 Section 185.142 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.142 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review...

  11. Judicial Ethics: Independence, Impartiality, and Integrity

    Jeffrey M. Sharman

    1996-01-01

    This monograph was written for the Judicial Reform Roundtable II held May 19-22, 1996 in Williamsburg, Virginia. It discusses the need for the rule of law and separation of powers; the need for judicial independence; and judicial responsibility, integrity, and discipline in the United States.

  12. 30 CFR 775.13 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 775.13 Section 775.13 Mineral... ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF DECISIONS § 775.13 Judicial review. (a) General. Any applicant or any... conducted pursuant to § 775.11 of this chapter; or (2) Either the regulatory authority or the...

  13. Algumas reflexões sobre produção da categoria de gênero em contextos como o movimento feminista e o poder judiciário Some reflections on the production of the gender category in contexts such as the feminist movement and the judiciary

    Karla Galvão Adrião

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Pensando na discussão instaurada com a modernidade (em distintos contextos sociais, sobre a constituição dos sujeitos de direitos humanos universais, o presente trabalho buscará refletir sobre o indivíduo em sua interface com a busca de "cidadania" e do "acesso à justiça". Para tanto, analisaremos três casos concretos: duas conferências de Políticas para Mulheres, tidas aqui como rituais do movimento feminista no Brasil. Ambas dizem respeito à relação entre políticas para mulheres em duas perspectivas não-excludentes; uma delas entre as próprias mulheres - lésbicas, heterossexuais, brancas, negras, deficientes - e suas tensões direcionadas ora aos direitos individuais, ora aos direitos coletivos, num momento de discussão por cotas. A outra conferência aborda a tensão entre sexo e gênero, entre diferença como sinônimo de desigualdade. O terceiro caso retrata um julgamento de guarda e responsabilidade voltado à não-concessão da maternidade a uma mulher homossexual, mas seu deferimento ao pai tido como biológico. Por fim, sugerimos pensar como, nos dois contextos rituais distintos (Judiciário e Movimento Feminista, a categoria de gênero é produzida e se produz atrelada ao binômio biológico "macho e fêmea".Concerning the discussion arisen by modern times (in different social contexts, about the constitution of universal human rights subjects, this paper aims to reflect upon the individual and his search for "citizenship" and "access to justice". Three cases will be analyzed: two conferences on Women"s Politics, important in the Brazilian feminist movement. Both concern the relation among women"s politics within two non exclusive perspectives: one among women themselves - lesbians, heterosexual, white, black. handicapped - and their tensions related either to individual rights or to collective rights, in a time when quotas are being discussed. The other conference approaches the tension between sex and gender

  14. Judicial Control over Public Administration

    Fadil ZENDELI; Memet MEMETI; Agron RUSTEMI

    2012-01-01

    Judicial control of administration and installation of courts as specialized institutions for resolving administrative disputes (conflicts) strengthened legitimacy, efficiency and accountability of the administrative bodies and this contributed to strengthening the protection of human rights against administrative bodies. The paper attempts to address the administrative disputes (conflict) in general hence giving specific data for some European countries and USA. Access to thesis topic is ana...

  15. A arte e violência no olhar: Activismo feminista e desconstrução da violência contra as mulheres

    Maria José Magalhães

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo vem na continuação do texto de Angélica Lima Cruz, retomando‑se a questão da construção de um olhar que integra ou denuncia uma cultura de violência contra as mulheres. Aqui, explora‑se como a crítica feminista da violência contra as mulheres desoculta os mecanismos da sua re/produção, mostrando também que a arte se pode constituir como processo de desconstrução desta violência. Para isso, apresentam‑se e analisam‑se algumas intervenções artísticas e instalações realizadas por feministas, quer no estrangeiro quer em Portugal, no activismo feminista do combate à violência contra as mulheres.

  16. Sobre la discrecionalidad judicial en un Estado Constitucional

    Ramón Ruiz Ruiz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Hoy no es posible seguir considerando a los jueces como la boca que pronuncia las palabras de la ley. El juez de nuestro tiempo goza de una necesaria discrecionalidad como consecuencia, entre otros factores, del complejo sistema de fuentes, de la inevitable vaguedad de gran parte de las normas y del creciente recurso a los principios jurídicos en el constitucionalismo contemporáneo. No obstante, esta discrecionalidad debe ser de algún modo fiscalizada para impedir que derive en arbitrariedad. Así, en la primera parte del artículo se dará cuenta de las características de los principios jurídicos y en la segunda se expondrán algunas de las implicaciones que la aplicación de este tipo de normas tienen en relación con la aplicación del Derecho.

  17. Laboratories of commons: experimentation, recursivity and activism Laboratorios de procomún: experimentación, recursividad y activismo

    Adolfo Estalella Fernández

    2013-03-01

    ículo introduce las contribuciones que forman parte de un monográfico dedicado a los ‘Laboratorios del procomún’ donde sus autoras y autores dan cuenta de la diversidad de modalidades de este objeto en dominios sociales como el arte, el activismo, el campo y la ciudad. Nuestro objetivo es doble: contextualizar estas contribuciones e identificar algunos de los temas que las atraviesan. Ese ejercicio nos permite introducir un argumento tentativo según el cual el procomún y su investigación adoptan una excepcional configuración en España. De manera sintética: el procomún es traído a la existencia en España como un objeto epistémico, un dominio experimental que se distingue de las formulaciones que convencionalmente lo han pensado como un tipo de bien o un régimen de propiedad. Esta peculiar configuración dota al procomún y a su investigación de una condición distintiva frente a otras geografías que se evidencia en un doble desplazamiento: la emergencia de nuevos objetos que se piensan como procomunes y la ubicación de su investigación en el dominio de la producción cultural y creativa.

  18. La reforma judicial de 1994 en México

    Gabriela Beatriz González-Gómez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo forma parte del fundamento teórico de la investigación doctoral que se llevó a cabo en la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México sobre el impacto de factores sociales en el desempeño del personal del Poder Judicial que ocasionó la reforma constitucional federal de 1994 al modificar la estructura y funcionamiento de la Suprema Corte de Justicia y en consecuencia, de todo el Poder Judicial de México. El texto aquí desarrollado aborda los principios más generales de la teoría de justicia de John Rawls, teoría de los sentimientos de Agnes Heller y el realismo sociológico escandinavo de Alf Ross a fin de contrastarlos con el sustento teórico de los principales consultores del Banco Mundial que elaboraron los Programas de reformas en el ámbito judicial que se llevaron a cabo en mayor o menor medida en 18 países de Latinoamérica en la década pasada, entre ellos la de nuestro país acontecida hace once años; este artículo pretende ver la posible afectación en la judicatura y la magistratura en sus garantías de permanencia e independencia en sus cargos. Se concluye la exposición con una serie de reflexiones teóricas indicativas de por donde se tendría que buscar evidencias a fin de establecer con criterios científicos el impacto real de estas transformaciones en el desempeño de jueces y demás personal del sistema judicial mexicano.

  19. Judicial Control over Public Administration

    Fadil ZENDELI

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Judicial control of administration and installation of courts as specialized institutions for resolving administrative disputes (conflicts strengthened legitimacy, efficiency and accountability of the administrative bodies and this contributed to strengthening the protection of human rights against administrative bodies. The paper attempts to address the administrative disputes (conflict in general hence giving specific data for some European countries and USA. Access to thesis topic is analytical and contributes to the recognition of administrative disputes as legal and functional mechanism in building the rule of law. The paper will result with appropriate conclusions that reflect the work of institutions and administrative disputes (conflict itself as a legal instrument and will help the concerned parties, officials, judges, researchers for theoretical and practical importance of administrative disputes (conflict.

  20. Judicial action and technical risk

    In this study it is examined how the judiciary deals with those sections that are crucial for the use of nuclear energy. The authors get down to the pre-dominant problem of the law relating to technical safety. In the process they encounter the central dilemma of modern democracy, i.e. the strained relations which exist between judicial control and democratic responsibility. Since nuclear energy entered the market place, it has been the administrative courts which - in practice - have decided whether and to what extent nuclear energy may be used. On the one hand, this is a result of the fast growth of, and rapid change in, science and technology. On the other hand, it is a result of administrative law standards which have developed in the Federal Republic of Germany after World War II. The former requires the normative structure of the atomic law, the latter postulates how to deal with it. Legal protection against an act of public authority is guaranteed by the Basic Law and usually with some justification considered a splendid achievement of our state which is based on the rule of law. It has lead to developments in the atomic law and in many parts of the law relating to technical safety on which opinions are divided. In a dogmatic manner it has been legally examined to what extent an extensive review competence of the judiciary is a must, and whether there are any possibilities of judicial control of acts of public authorities without having to interfere with the original competence of administrations. (orig./HP)

  1. 49 CFR 386.67 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 386.67 Section 386.67... Decision § 386.67 Judicial review. (a) Any party to the underlying proceeding, who, after an administrative... service of the Final Agency Order, petition for review of the order in the United States Court of...

  2. 17 CFR 200.64 - Judicial review.

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 200.64... AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Canons of Ethics § 200.64 Judicial review. The Congress has provided for review by the courts of the decisions and orders by this Commission. Members should...

  3. 40 CFR 173.9 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 173.9 Section 173.9 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PROCEDURES GOVERNING... Judicial review. The State may appeal an order rescinding, in whole or in part, its primary...

  4. 31 CFR 29.515 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 29.515 Section 29.515 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury FEDERAL BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER... Overpayments § 29.515 Judicial review. An individual whose request for reconsideration has been denied...

  5. 31 CFR 29.406 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 29.406 Section 29.406 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury FEDERAL BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER CERTAIN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA RETIREMENT PROGRAMS Claims and Appeals Procedures § 29.406 Judicial...

  6. 49 CFR 397.225 - Judicial review.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 397.225 Section 397.225... MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Preemption Procedures § 397.225 Judicial review. A party to a proceeding under § 397.205(a), § 397.213(a), or § 397.223(a) may seek review by the appropriate...

  7. 22 CFR 1502.10 - Judicial review.

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Judicial review. 1502.10 Section 1502.10 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 1502.10 Judicial review. On complaint, the district court of the United States in the district in which the complainant resides, or has...

  8. 22 CFR 1507.9 - Judicial review.

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Judicial review. 1507.9 Section 1507.9 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL INFORMATION § 1507.9 Judicial review. Any person may file a complaint against the Foundation in the appropriate U.S. district court,...

  9. 38 CFR 42.42 - Judicial review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 42.42 Section 42.42 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31...

  10. 32 CFR 776.5 - Judicial conduct.

    2010-07-01

    ... part, the American Bar Association's Code of Judicial Conduct applies to all military and appellate... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial conduct. 776.5 Section 776.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY MISCELLANEOUS RULES PROFESSIONAL...

  11. 21 CFR 514.235 - Judicial review.

    2010-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUG APPLICATIONS Judicial Review § 514.235 Judicial review. (a... manufacturer or distributor of an identical, related, or similar drug product, as defined in § 310.6 of...

  12. Universalización de la participación y capitalismo sobre los accesos

    Raúl Antón Cuadrado

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La universalización de la creación necesita componentizar los con- tenidos permitiendo un capitalismo basado sobre la detentación de los canales de difusión. La protoética de la red se transforma en economía de precio 0 lo que amateuriza la creación, avatarizando al autor en icono y atributos para publicidad contextual y deja los recursos clave en la clase dominante, perpetuando las estructuras de poder desconectadas y esta toma de conciencia es condición seminal de un enfoque productivo de los ejercicios de activismo para el empoderamiento de la comunicación horizontal y participativa en la red.

  13. Judicial fiats and contemporary enclosures

    Thayyil Naveen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the problematic processes in a case that has had few parallels in Indian judicial history. The apex court in T. N. Godavarman took upon the responsibility of deciding how forest resources in the country should be accessed and who is (or is not to have such access. Purportedly done to protect the environment, through the ′clarification and fine-tuning′ of national forest-laws, the case has seriously affected the life, livelihood, and habitat of millions of marginal groups. Recent trends demonstrate the wider trend of constitutional courts assuming the roles of adjudication, administration and legislation, all rolled into one, whereby they become problematic sites for creating a hierarchy of conflicting public interests, which claim constitutional validity from different vantage points. Thus, constitutional values of ′protection of environment′ and ′justice - social, political and economic′ ′are pitted against each other′ where unelected courts take it upon themselves to define the legitimate precincts of the theoretical discourse of sustainable use / development; and importantly also implement it into ′everyday′ ′reality, in the way it feels fit′. The article seeks to make sense of this contemporary process of forest governance.

  14. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    Rrustem Qehaja; Elza Bajrami

    2016-01-01

    This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it ...

  15. El uso de la información judicial (The use of judicial information

    Volkmar Gessner

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Los datos empíricos de juzgados y sistemas judiciales se analizan con mucha frecuencia tanto en estudios comparativos, como en estudios económicos y sociológicos, sin embargo, los agentes implicados en proyectos de reformas judiciales como jueces, profesores de derecho, funcionarios o políticos no hacen un uso adecuado de los mismos. Este artículo sugiere que esto tiene un origen estructural, que asigna roles sociales diferentes a estos actores. Una solución puede ser la creación de centros de investigación especializados. Una aproximación más amplia, plural y democrática es buscar la transparencia en internet, dando acceso al público general a todo tipo de documentos, incluyendo estadísticas judiciales y estudios empíricos. Se han visitado y categorizado en función de su contenido gran número de páginas web de juzgados, para conocer el nivel de transparencia judicial. Las primeras posiciones en cuanto al nivel de transparencia lo han obtenido algunas páginas anglosajonas, que ofrecían información legal, económica, organizacional y empírica, y que además ofrecían ayuda para utilizar estos datos. Sin embargo, este esfuerzo no alcanza su objetivo si la información no se utiliza. Si se quiere medir el uso real de los contenidos de las páginas judiciales no es suficiente con contar su número de visitas, sino que es necesario conocer más sobre las motivaciones que generan esas visitas. Afortunadamente, se ha encontrado un sitio web (mexicano que ofrece información sobre los visitantes: sus preocupaciones, su “historia” e incluso sus nombres y (en ocasiones su lugar de residencia. Estas peticiones se han evaluado cuidadosamente, y se analizan en este artículo. Se ha descubierto que hay una gran demanda de información empírica sobre los juzgados y las prácticas judiciales. La transparencia en internet parece ser una solución, aunque todavía se deben explorar las mejores formas de ofrecer la información judicial

  16. Racism and judicial corruption in the US

    Jetter, Michael; Mesa-Osorio, Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    Is racial hate reflected in the degree of judicial corruption? Using US state-level data, we find racial hate to be a positive and statistically powerful predictor of judicial corruption. This relationship prevails after the inclusion of the conventional control variables and regional fixed effects. In terms of magnitude, one standard deviation increase of racial hate relates to an increase of 70 percent of one standard deviation in corruption. Interestingly, no such relationship ...

  17. Judicial Deference to Inconsistent Agency Statutory Interpretations

    Yehonatan Givati; Matthew C. Stephenson

    2011-01-01

    Although administrative law doctrine requires courts to defer to an agency's reasonable statutory interpretation, the doctrine is unclear as to whether an agency gets less deference when it changes its own prior interpretation. We formally analyze how judicial deference to revised agency interpretations affects the ideological content of agencies' interpretations. We find a nonmonotonic relationship between judicial deference to inconsistent agency interpretations and interpretive extremism. ...

  18. Judicial Deference to Inconsistent Agency Statutory Interpretations

    Givati, Yehonatan; Stephenson, Matthew Caleb

    2011-01-01

    Although administrative law doctrine requires courts to defer to an agency’s reasonable statutory interpretation, the doctrine is unclear as to whether an agency gets less deference when it changes its own prior interpretation. We formally analyze how judicial deference to revised agency interpretations affects the ideological content of agencies’ interpretations. We find a nonmonotonic relationship between judicial deference to inconsistent agency interpretations and interpretive extremism. ...

  19. Judicial Reform of the 1864 as a Stage of Russian Judicial System Democratic Development

    Lyubov F. Miloserdova

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present article, author considers the place of judicial reform of 1864 in the public and social reforms of Alexander II. This paper attempts to show the place of justice in the legal system of Russian Empire in the post-reform period. Author emphasizes democratic and progressive nature of judicial reform of 1864, noting lack of preconditions for the formation of democratic judicial system under the autocracy. Author analyzes relationship and development of the judicial system and the dynamics of social relations. Author also revealed the way of judicial system in the formation of civil society prerequisites. This paper attempts to show and prove that judicial reform is actually a first step towards the formation of the Russian system of powers separation. Author concludes that undertaken by the Government of Russian Empire in the mid-nineteenth century attempt of the Russian Empire judicial system democratization had neither political nor social assumptions. In conclusion, author concludes that in the present conditions of judicial system democratization in modern Russian Federation a number of principles and institutions of judicial reform of 1864 was applied.

  20. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    Rrustem Qehaja

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it also challenges the general principles related to human rights and freedoms sanctioned not only by the highest legal act of the country, but also with international treaties. The article tends to give a reflection to the most important reasons that effect and influence in these dragging outs of civil procedure, as well as, at the same time aims to give the necessary alternatives to pass through them by identifying dilemmas within the judicial practice. As a result, the motives of this scientific paper are exactly focused at the same time on identifying the dilemmas, as well as presenting ideas, to overstep them, including the judicial practice of the European Court of Human Rights on Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, by which it is given the possibility to offering people efficient and within a reasonable time legal protection of their rights before national courts. For these reasons, the paper elaborates this issue based on both, the legal theory and judicial practice.

  1. Creación y activismo desde la perspectiva de género y de orientación sexual Creation and activism from the gender and sexual orientation perspective

    Gloria G. Durán

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo del colectivo Toxic Lesbian y de Elena Tóxica está enmarcado en el nuevo modelo del arte público, activismo y del discurso de género y orientación sexual. Todo el trabajo del colectivo se materializa en internet, es generado en streaming y difundido en la red, como ese nuevo espacio público que abre la posibilidad de un equilibrio real entre usuarios, un trasvase real de conocimientos y una posibilidad también real de diversidad de identidades.

  2. 32 CFR 776.67 - Judicial and legal officers.

    2010-07-01

    ... appointment to judicial or legal office. (b) ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial and legal officers. 776.67 Section 776... Rules of Professional Conduct § 776.67 Judicial and legal officers. (a) Judicial and legal officers....

  3. Furthering Judicial Education : Proceedings of the Conference of Judicial Schools in Latin America

    Malik, Waleed Haider; Larios Ochaita, Carlos Esteban

    2002-01-01

    The conference meeting was organized by the Supreme Court of Justice of Guatemala, in partnership with the World Bank, where judicial school directors, judges, practitioners, law students, and officials from different countries participated. The meeting aimed to harness good practices, and knowledge for furthering judicial education, based on the premise that the knowledge, and skills of j...

  4. Biosociabilidad y demandas por derechos en el activismo de personas de sectores populares afectadas por VIH-SIDA Biosociabilidade e reclamações por direitos no ativismo de pessoas de camadas populares vivendo com HIV-Aids Biosociability and claims for rights in less privileged neighborhoods of Buenos Aires people living with HIV activism

    Juan José Gregoric

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo despliega resultados de una etnografía sobre el activismo de personas afectadas por el VIH-SIDA de barrios populares del Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires. Analizo aspectos de la conformación de grupos y asociaciones de activistas, la construcción de espacios de contención y sociabilidad y las demandas generadas para garantizar el acceso a tratamientos antirretrovirales gratuitos y mejorar la asistencia que reciben desde el Estado. Intento mostrar que, para una parte de la población afectada, el VIH-SIDA devino un eje político para organizarse legítimamente, crear reivindicaciones expresadas en términos del derecho a la salud y la vida y a partir de allí también reclamar un mayor acceso a derechos sociales.O artigo apresenta alguns resultados de uma etnografia sobre o ativismo de pessoas vivendo com o HIV-Aids em bairros populares da Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires . . O artigo analisa a conformação de grupos y associações de ativistas, a construção de espacos de contenção e sociabilidade e as demandas criadas com o objetivo de garantir acesso as drogas antiretrovirais e melhorar a assistência. Procuro mostrar que para essas pessoas o HIV-Aids tornou-se um eixo político para se organizar legitimamente, criar reivindicações expressadas em lutas por aceso ao direito a saúde e a vida e para reclamar maior aceso a direitos sociais.This article shows some of the results of an ethnographic research about the activism of people living with HIV-Aids in the less privileged neighborhoods of Buenos Aires. I analyze aspects of the structure of activist groups and associations, the building up of spaces for contention and sociability and the demands generated to guarantee free access to antiretroviral treatments and improve the assistance they get from the State. I intend to show that for a part of the afflicted population HIV gave rise to social and political action and vindications expressed in terms of the right

  5. A expansão dos poderes judiciários The expansion of the judiciary powers

    Lilia Ferreira Lobo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo propõe-se a comentar um texto de Foucault pouco conhecido e que não foi incluído na publicação francesa dos Ditos e Escritos. Além de apresentar esta publicação, que tem como título La redéfinition du judiciable (A redefinição do judiciável, pretende trazer algumas considerações sobre as questões sugeridas por Foucault, bem como algumas indicações sobre o que hoje nos acontece em termos da judicialização do nosso cotidiano. O texto traz uma análise do papel da justiça, daquilo que vem se tornando ou que é objeto de julgamento judiciário, discutindo o que caracteriza a difusão das funções judiciárias através de todo o corpo social na atualidade.This article aims to comment an unfamiliar article by Foucault, not included in the french edition of Dits et Écrits. Beyond presenting this publication, which is entitled La redéfinition du judiciable (The redefinition of the judiciable, it pretends to bring some considerations about the questions that Foucault suggests, as well as some indications about what is happening with us now-a-days in terms of the judicialization of the everyday life. The text brings an analysis of the roll of justice, of what is turning into or what is the object of judiciary judgment, discussing the elements which characterize the diffusion of the judiciary functions through the whole social body.

  6. Judicial Viewpoint about Narcotic Crime Contest

    Forouzan Alaeinovin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the high person of Moslem knows narcotic using as a permissible (mubah or undesirable (makruh thing so that they don’t use it. They believe that narcotic is forbidden (haram like wine and they don’t use it at all, due to which narcotic doesn’t acquire all of the society. The main purpose of this paper is to investigate narcotic crime contest in judicial point of view. While there are relation hips between drugs forbidden and not to become addicted and also the judicial point of view has effects in law codification. This article has tried to investigate judicial quotations and documents about narcotic and have compared Sunnite and Shiah point of view in this case. This paper has also tried to investigate verses and narratives about narcotic revere and law codification in this case.

  7. SUBALTREN JUDICIAL OFFICERS IN TAMIL COUNTRY

    G.THIYAGARAJAN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The 'history from below' entered the common phraseology of historians from 1966 onwards. Edward Thomson and Eic Hobsbawn in their expositions on the 'history from below' indicated the need to reconstruct the 'mental order of the lower orders' and reconstruct the 'culture of those subordinate classes' which will in fact help to establish their identity. In Deccan Region or South India, the Vijayanagar Empire attained its grandeur through the sound local administration. The local administration was headed at various stages by various people in Rajyams or Provinces. In Tamil Country, a few Rajayams functioned well and these Rajayams had maintained a uniform system of administration. The local judicial officers were the custodians of the existing law, usages, conventions, and practices. They were not assigned a separate identity with a particular function. They not only did judicial business and other administrative works. Collective works were shouldered by them .At the same time they carried out judicial works with clear conviction and sincerity. They tried the cases properly and conducted many tests to find out the real culprits. Many inscriptions of the different regions in Tamil Country testify the various function of the local Judicial Officers. It was an acknowledged fact that even the Central and Provincial Governments could not intervene in the realms of the local Judicial Officers. Even though they were government officials, they were not Government paid servants. They were assigned with income from the land sources. The Judicial system of Vijayaagara was be formulated by a study of the Vyavaharakanda of the Prasaramadhaviya, a legal treatise by Vidhyaranya, who was written it to provide the new empire with a fresh code of law.

  8. Juizados Especiais e Ativismo Judicial à Luz de Luis Alberto Warat

    Zenildo Bodnar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses, in a punctual way, some reflections on the judicial activism in the Special Courts camp. It seeks to evaluate the existence of a place for the conciliator in the stir that permeates the procedural and substantial models of legal proceedings. For this, as theoretical references, the postulates of Luis Alberto Warat are used, in order to overcome such dyad in favor of an effective judicial protection, without following the ways of the Free Movement of Law and Instrumentality of Process. For the development of this research, it has been used the inductive method, operated by the operational concepts and techniques of literature.Resumo: O presente artigo aborda de forma pontual algumas reflexões sobre o ativismo judicial na seara dos Juizados Especiais. Procura-se avaliar a existência de um lugar para o conciliador na celeuma que permeia os modelos procedimentalistas e substancialistas de processo jurisdicional. Para tanto, como referencial teórico utiliza-se os postulados de Luis Alberto Warat no intuito de superar a referida díade em favor de uma tutela judicial efetiva, sem que se trilhe os caminhos do Movimento do Direito Livre e da Instrumentalidade do Processo. Utilizou-se, para o desenvolvimento desta pesquisa, o método indutivo, operacionalizado pelas técnicas de conceitos operacionais e da pesquisa bibliográfica.

  9. Ethiopia : Legal and Judicial Sector Assessment

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    The judicial and legal sector of Ethiopia presents a variety of significant challenges. The legal system as it exists today combines elements of both civil and common law1 with traditional practices, resulting in multiple layers intermingling and superimposing distinct types of modern, traditional, and religious laws and processes. This report provides an overview of Ethiopia's current leg...

  10. Promoting Justices: Media Coverage of Judicial Nominations in Israel

    Bryna Bogoch

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the framing of the coverage of judicial appointments in Israel in 2008 in two newspapers with nomination news from preceding years and to the patterns of press coverage in the U.S. A content analysis of 101 Supreme Court nomination articles indicated that unlike the political frame of American coverage, the press in Israel preserves its ostensible commitment to the professionalism of judges while linking the Supreme Court to political maneuvering in the selection of candidates. These findings are discussed within the context of the media's role in constructing judicial nominations as a debate about the role of the Supreme Court in Israeli society. Este artículo compara el marco de la cobertura de los nombramientos judiciales en Israel en 2008 en dos periódicos, con noticias de nombramientos de años anteriores y en los Estados Unidos, con los patrones de cobertura de prensa en los EE.UU. Un análisis de contenido de 101 artículos de nombramientos de la Corte Suprema indicó que, a diferencia del marco político de la cobertura de América, la prensa en Israel consierva su aparente compromiso con la profesionalidad de los jueces, a pesar de que relaciona la Corte Suprema con maniobras políticas en la selección de candidatos. Estos resultados se discuten en el contexto del papel de los medios de comunicación en la construcción de los nombramientos judiciales como un debate sobre el papel de la Corte Suprema en la sociedad israelí. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2478756

  11. Conflicts and Commonalities in Judicial Evaluation

    Richard Mohr

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the proper role of judicial evaluation in relation to the various branches of government and a range of disciplines. Judicial evaluation is a practical, interpretive sphere of inquiry, based on dialogue and collaboration. It must respect important shared values, based on human rights and dignity, responsible approaches to research, and the conservation of resources. After outlining two contrasting approaches, from the European Commission and from Sweden, the article considers the roles of politics and knowledge or science (broadly defined in judicial evaluation. Then nine values are enunciated, based on the common heritage of courts, government and scientific research. In the practice of judicial evaluation, meaningful data must be collected, reported clearly and interpreted transparently in dialogue with stakeholders. Conclusions should be consistent with the shared values, derived from honest arguments and communicated effectively. Researchers should be impartial, treat participants with equal dignity and respect their rights to privacy. Judicial evaluation must be useful in improving the administration of justice, without wasting time or resources of the courts or researchers. Este artículo analiza el papel correcto de la evaluación judicial en relación con los distintos poderes del Estado y una amplia gama de disciplinas. La evaluación judicial es un ámbito de investigación práctico e interpretativo, basado en el diálogo y la colaboración. Debe respetar importantes valores compartidos, basados en los derechos humanos y la dignidad, realizar un acercamiento responsable a la investigación y la conservación de recursos. Tras esbozar dos enfoques opuestos, de la Comisión Europea y de Suecia, el artículo considera el rol de la política y el conocimiento o la ciencia (en sentido amplio en la evaluación judicial. A continuación se enuncian nueve valores, basados en el patrimonio común de los tribunales, el

  12. Algumas reflexões sobre produção da categoria de gênero em contextos como o movimento feminista e o poder judiciário Some reflections on the production of the gender category in contexts such as the feminist movement and the judiciary

    Karla Galvão Adrião; Simone Becker

    2006-01-01

    Pensando na discussão instaurada com a modernidade (em distintos contextos sociais), sobre a constituição dos sujeitos de direitos humanos universais, o presente trabalho buscará refletir sobre o indivíduo em sua interface com a busca de "cidadania" e do "acesso à justiça". Para tanto, analisaremos três casos concretos: duas conferências de Políticas para Mulheres, tidas aqui como rituais do movimento feminista no Brasil. Ambas dizem respeito à relação entre políticas para mulheres em duas pe...

  13. Género y tecnología. Capacitación para el activismo de las mujeres

    Dafne Sabanes Plou

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La participación de las mujeres en el uso estratégico y el desarrollo de tecnologías de la información y la comunicación es una de las metas principales de los Intercambios Tecnológicos Feministas. Estas instancias de capacitación reúnen a mujeres que militan por sus derechos y que quieren tener más herramientas para incidir en las políticas públicas y en las decisiones políticas que les permitan avances en la construcción de una sociedad con justicia de género. Los Intercambios están enmarcados por las Prácticas feministas de la tecnología, que permiten abordar las cuestiones críticas de género y tecnología de la información y la comunicación a las cuales es necesario dar respuesta para crear y sostener igualdad de oportunidades para las mujeres en el uso, desarrollo y acceso a los beneficios que brindan estas tecnologías. Estas prácticas también dan marco a la posibilidad de dar una mirada crítica a las políticas sobre tecnología de la información y la comuni-cación que priman en la actualidad, con el fin de marcar la relevancia de políticas de inclusión digital, para el desarrollo de una sociedad con equidad. Las experiencias relatadas, que tuvieron lugar en capacitaciones en tecnología  en América Latina, permiten constatar la relevancia del uso de estas herramientas en el trabajo por los derechos de las mujeres.

  14. Judicial Commission Supervision For Judges Behaviour In Independent Judiciary

    Firman Umar

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT The study aims to identify and explain the relevance of the substantive law of the Judicial Commission in conducting supervision to judges with the principles of independent judicial power including the models used in monitoring the behavior of the Judicial Commission judges and the impact of monitoring the behavior of judges. The study was conducted in Jakarta the place of the Judicial Commission as the targeted institution because it focuses in supervising the activities of judges ...

  15. Japanese Invasion Baffled Radically the Modernization of China's Judicial System

    Chunlan Qiu; Keke Liu

    2009-01-01

    It is the critical time for China to generate and develop the modern judicial system when Japan invaded. Japanese aggression interrupted China’s recovering its legal right and the process to promote the modern judicial system. The invasion brought a great loss to the judicial resources. The relatively stable colonial rule, as well as the war itself, was harmful. Both stood on the way of China's judicial modernization.

  16. Activismo cívico digital en Rumanía: La comunidad de Facebook en las protestas on-line contra Chevron

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados del análisis cuantitativo de las auto-representaciones de dos comunidades rumanas en Facebook durante las protestas on-line y off-line en contra del «fracking» en Rumanía. En 2013 los rumanos comenzaron a protestar contra las explotaciones de gas del gigante energético norteamericano Chevron en la aldea de Pungesti. Este movimiento de resistencia pasó, en poco más de un mes, de ser una herramienta de movilización rural a una de alcance nacional cuyo objetivo era ayudar a los campesinos afectados por las explotaciones de gas planificadas por Chevron. Dado que el óptimo grado de implicación on-line para pasar a una participación off-line depende mucho de las prácticas informativas, consideramos que un análisis de textos publicados en Facebook reflejará si éstos son compatibles y relevantes para los manifestantes. Nuestra premisa teórica está basada en la teoría del encuadre en movimientos sociales e informa nuestro análisis de contenido comparativo de los textos de dos comunidades rumanas de Facebook desde octubre de 2013 hasta febrero de 2014. En el trabajo se identifican las estrategias de encuadre verbal y visual, y los marcos de acción colectiva utilizados para formar la identidad de estas comunidades on-line. Los resultados obtenidos muestran el predominio de «la lucha por la tierra» como principal marco de acción colectiva, seguido del «conflicto» y la «solidaridad», e indican la preeminencia de fotos y archivos de vídeo como recursos de encuadre de relevancia cultural y como pruebas del activismo fuera de Internet en contra del «fracking» en Rumanía.

  17. The Judicial Domain in View: figures, trends and perspectives

    M.A. Loth (Marc); E. Mak (Elaine)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractWhere will the Dutch judicial system be in 2015? One of us answered a similar type of question elsewhere with a sketch of two frightening scenarios.* In the first scenario the judicial system will have insufficiently adapted itself to its surroundings. The judicial system will become mor

  18. Judicial system of the Russian Federation: reforming errors

    Gaydidey Yu.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The urgency of considering problems of modern Russian judicial system and judicial policy is emphasized. The author proves the necessity to study the judicial system of our country in detail. The content of judicial system is analyzed and its structural elements are described. Factors determining the structure of national judicial system are characterized. The main feature of the Russian judicial system is noted, notably: centralization (there is no independent judicial authority in regions except constitutional justice. Considering the judicial system as hierarchically structured set of courts is too simplified and is not conformable to modern justice tasks. The ways of optimizing the system of courts as well as the judicial system of the Russian Federation are proposed. Interim results of the reform in the form of abolishment of the RF Supreme Arbitration Court are negatively evaluated. Intraorganizational transformations have substituted the evolutionary development of the judicial system and the necessity to improve the justice itself. The author confirms that development of relevant draft bill was not accompanied by conducting public researches, studying statistical data, and making general conclusions, proving the efficiency of establishing an integrated supreme court. Threats and challenges to law order are ignored. Supreme courts integration has virtually established a new judicial system, though the proper legal base for it has not been developed. The viewpoints of researchers, warning against negative effects of such reform, are provided. It is concluded that the law under study does not meet present demands of the Russian judicial system.

  19. CDA Judicial Council: blending idealism and practicality.

    Kiger, Robert D

    2013-07-01

    The California Dental Association Judicial Council has the responsibility for interpreting and enforcing the Code of Ethics, for disciplining members and for fostering a climate of education and ethics awareness for CDA members. The Council recognizes the inherent difficulty in rigid enforcement of the Code of Ethics, and chooses to take an approach that educates and encourages members to embrace the highest standards of our profession as outlined in the Code. PMID:24024298

  20. The Social Perception of Judicial Decisions

    Albin Iglicar

    2011-01-01

    In addition to the main social function of the judiciary (solving conflicts), there are other important social tasks of the judiciary that can be summarised as solving conflicts, protecting the interests (rights) of individuals and general (state) interests, social control, the judiciary in the function of a homeostatic mechanism and achieving system legitimacy and control of the executive branch of power. The public’s perception of the judiciary and its confidence in the judicial system depe...

  1. Evaluating Judicial Performance and Addressing Gender Bias

    Angela Melville

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Elek and Rottman argue that judicial evaluation is often biased against women and minority judges. The need to address bias is important, however often the desire for diversity seems so self-evident as to belie deeper analysis. This paper examines the two main rationales for gender equality on the bench. First, female judges are often considered necessary in order to bring a gendered perspective to judging, however it is argued that this rationale is flawed. Second, an alternative rationale based on equality and legitimacy is offered which avoids gender essentialism. While debates typically focus on these two rationales, a third rationale embraces both difference and equality/legitimacy. The presence of female judges has an important symbolic value which destabilises existing fraternal legal norms. Finally, increasing the number of female judges may not necessarily change judging, and this paper also analyses how the transformative potential offered by judicial diversity can work in practice. Elek y Rottman defienden que la evaluación judicial suele estar sesgada en contra de las mujeres y los jueces pertenecientes a minorías. La necesidad de abordar el sesgo es importante, sin embargo a menudo el deseo de diversidad parece tan evidente como para contradecir un análisis más profundo. Este artículo examina los dos motivos principales para la igualdad de género en el banquillo. En primer lugar, las mujeres jueces a menudo se consideran necesarias para aportar una perspectiva de género al hecho de juzgar, sin embargo, se defiende que este razonamiento es erróneo. En segundo lugar, se ofrece una alternativa lógica basada en la igualdad y la legitimidad que evita el esencialismo de género. Mientras que los debates suelen centrarse en estas dos razones, una tercera justificación abarca tanto la diferencia como la igualdad/legitimidad. La presencia de mujeres en la judicatura tiene un importante valor simbólico que desestabiliza las normas

  2. China's Judicial Protection of Human Rights

    SHEN LIANG

    2007-01-01

    @@ China has devoted great efforts to improving judicial protection of human rights in the past 30 years.It has ratified the International Covenant on Economic,Social and Cultural Rights,signed but yet to ratify the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and become a state party to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel,Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.In March 2004,the 10th National People's Congress adopted at its second plenary session the amendments to the Constitution,writing "the state respects and protects human rights" into the Constitution,declaring that China will use legal means to protect and safeguard human rights.

  3. Judicial Commission Supervision For Judges Behaviour In Independent Judiciary

    Firman Umar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The study aims to identify and explain the relevance of the substantive law of the Judicial Commission in conducting supervision to judges with the principles of independent judicial power including the models used in monitoring the behavior of the Judicial Commission judges and the impact of monitoring the behavior of judges. The study was conducted in Jakarta the place of the Judicial Commission as the targeted institution because it focuses in supervising the activities of judges of the Supreme Court and the Constitutional. The type of research is empirical legal research through the three-level approaches of philosophy dogmatic and theoretical laws. The research sample was determined by purposive sampling technique. Data collection instruments used where interviews and documentation collection then analyzed qualitatively. Results of the study revealed that the substance of the law governing the authority of the Judicial Commission to supervise the activity of judges is broadly in line with the principle of independent judicial power except the setting of membership composition and procedures of decision making of Honorary Judges. This is potentially affecting the independence of the judicial power. Judicial Commission applies the eclectic model of supervision by combining the model of supervision preventive but not include the recruitment promotion and transfer limited repressive and limited external supervision models external quasi. The Model of Judicial Commission monitoring for the behavior of judges is not included in the checks and balances surveillance. The Supervision of the Judicial Commission for activity of judges is not implemented significantly in the form of supervisory authority especially the preventive acts the application of sanctions toward judges who violate the KEPPH human resources quantitatively and yustisiabelen sound impact. It is recommended to the government and the Parliament to change the Article 22F par

  4. Judicial deference under the Human Rights Act 1998

    Klug, Francesca

    2003-01-01

    Examines the constitutional boundaries of the judicial function in the light of the Human Rights Act 1998, focusing on the courts approach to the interpretive obligations under s.3, the power to make declarations of incompatibility under s.4, and the concept of judicial deference to statute law and parliamentary sovereignty. Discusses the debate around judicial deference and the background to enactment of the 1998 Act, the rules of statutory interpretation and the judiciary's views on the mea...

  5. Judicial Labor Relations in the European Union

    Georgeta MODIGA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The European social law represents the branch of the international labor law consisting of the regulations in this matter adopted by the Council of Europe, respectively the European Union. If the instruments elaborated within the Council of Europe are, in virtue of its objectives, limited as number, the law elaborated within the European Union, known as „community social law" knew full expansion in the latest years. In the current language, we are witnessing a confusion of terms, the collocation „European social law” being attributed either to the law created through the conventions and agreements of the Council of Europe, as „European” in title, or the law consisting of the regulations and directives of the European Union. In reality, in our opinion, both sets of regional norms, together, represent a new branch of international law, maybe insufficient grounded theoretically, the social European law. The work relations related to the European social law are not established only in the sector of production of material goods, but also in the section of nonproductive activities such as those units (economic agents, private and judicial entities, state or private, institutions, administrative authorities etc. which hire personnel for management or execution positions, in productive or nonproductive sectors (hold and exert administrative, sanitary etc. positions. The social work relations stemming from the individual labor contract have a leading position from the other typical or atypical forms, judicial work relations in the European social law and the law of the EU member states.

  6. Ultima Ratio and the Judicial Application of Law

    Joxerramon Bengoetxea

    2013-01-01

    én se tienen en cuenta las cuestiones de impunidad y castigo excesivo. La segunda parte del trabajo analiza los posibles efectos sobre la aplicación de la ley por los jueces del principio ultima ratio, un principio político-moral general, principalmente dirigido principalmente al legislador. El impacto del ultima ratio en las diferentes sub-decisiones de la aplicación judicial del derecho penal se detalla a partir de las decisiones sobre la calificación, evidencia (inferencias, interpretación y consecuencias de las sentencias. A continuación se analiza el papel del ultima ratio en los veredictos de apelación y casación. La tercera parte y conclusión aborda las principales ideologías de ultima ratio y, de forma más amplia, del papel que juega en lograr en Europa un derecho penal orientado al garantimos. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2200875

  7. Imaginaries of Judicial Practices in Cali, Colombia

    Lina Buchely

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the emotions of users and functionaries involved in the justice system and the administration of justice in Cali, Colombia. The analysis presented argues that the state not only employs a bureaucratic rational language but also invokes emotions and feelings. In this sense, it is not only the central imaginaries of the state justice system and judicial processes but also the idea of justice itself that is marked by tediousness, delay and chaos, imaginaries of the system that were identified by the users and the officials involved in the administration of the system. There is no justice if it is not a process that is tedious, marked by ritual, mysticism, disorder and difficulties. These findings demonstrate that, against liberal discourses that emphasize the order, unity and rationality of public actions, that the power of the state actually operates through the disaggregated, the irrational and the emotional, a much wider and inexplicable framework.

  8. JUDICIAL CONTROL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ADMINISTRATIVE ACT = CONTROLE JUDICIAL DO ATO ADMINISTRATIVO AMBIENTAL

    Adriano Garcia de Souza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This work evaluated the current judicial control of the environmental administrative acts, considering the evolution of the legal doctrine after the Federal Constitution of 1988. The legal conception of the environmental administrative act has, gradually, being modified after the promulgation of the Federal Constitution of 1988. The insertion, in the constitutional text, of directional principles of the public administration, together with specific commandments of the environmental protection, forced the law scholars to modify the traditionalistic vision of the principle of the presumption of legality of the administrative act, when it is able to cause significant environmental damage to biodiversity. Such positioning of the legal doctrine has forced some courts to judge, more severely, the principles of the environmental administrative act, analyzing not only the formal aspects of its establishment, but also its motivation, reasonableness proportionality and purpose. However, the defense of the doctrines of the administrative law in the amplification of the judicial control of the environmental administrative act is not causing a sensible alteration in the jurisprudence that still reflects a positioning of the courts in the exclusive analysis of its formulation. The extended judicial control, although not yet a rule in the judicial analysis of the environmental administrative acts, demonstrates a way to be pursued in the preservation of the natural resources, amplifying and diversifying the existing control mechanisms. = Este trabalho visa avaliar o controle judicial atual dos atos administrativos ambientais, considerando a evolução da doutrina jurídica pós Constituição Federal de 1988, cuja concepção vem, paulatinamente, sendo alterada a partir de então. A inserção, no texto constitucional, de princípios norteadores da administração pública, aliada aos mandamentos específicos da tutela ambiental, vem levando os estudiosos do

  9. JUDICIAL CONTROL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ADMINISTRATIVE ACT = CONTROLE JUDICIAL DO ATO ADMINISTRATIVO AMBIENTAL

    Adriano Garcia de Souza; Luís Antônio Borges; José Luiz Pereira de Rezende

    2012-01-01

    This work evaluated the current judicial control of the environmental administrative acts, considering the evolution of the legal doctrine after the Federal Constitution of 1988. The legal conception of the environmental administrative act has, gradually, being modified after the promulgation of the Federal Constitution of 1988. The insertion, in the constitutional text, of directional principles of the public administration, together with specific commandments of the environmental protection...

  10. ANONIMATO DEL PROGENITOR Y DERECHO A LA IDENTIDAD DEL HIJO: DECISIONES JUDICIALES ENCONTRADAS SOBRE RESERVA DE IDENTIDAD EN LOS CASOS DE MADRE SOLTERA Y DONANTE DE ESPERMA Anonymity of genetic parents and the children's right to know own biological identity: Opossed judicial decisions about the secrecy of identity in the cases of single mother and sperm donors

    Ramón Duran Rivacoba

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo discute las soluciones que han dado en España el Tribunal Supremo y el Tribunal Constitucional a casos en los que se ven enfrentados la facultad de mantener el anonimato del progenitor y el derecho del hijo a conocer su identidad biológica. Se confronta la decisión del Tribunal Supremo de declarar inconstitucionales las normas legales que permiten a la madre no matrimonial resguardar su anonimato, con la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional, emitida pocos meses antes, que declara constitucionalmente legítimo el anomimato del donante de esperma en el contexto de la aplicación de una técnica de reproducción humana asistida. Se argumenta en contra de ambas soluciones, sobre la base de que en la primera el anonimato materno cumple una función dirigida no directamente a proteger a la madre, sino a proteger al niño frente a un posible aborto o infanticidio por lo que el derecho a la identidad debe ser moderado. Para ilustrar la conveniencia y viabilidad de este razonamiento se hace un amplio análisis del caso "Odiévre" por el que el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos concluyó que el sistema francés de reserva de la identidad de la madre no era contrario al Convenio Europeo. En cambio, se critica la solución del Tribunal Constitucional sobre el donante de esperma por sobredimensionar el derecho a la intimidad del progenitor en desmedro del interés del hijo. La puesta en contraste de estas soluciones permite constatar que la madre, que contaba con medidas de apoyo en concretas situaciones que pudieran poner en riesgo la vida del hijo, las pierde; mientras el padre que, a partir de la reforma del año 1981 que impuso la libertad de investigación de la paternidad, había perdido sus antiguos privilegios, se ve beneficiado de la misma dispensa que ahora se niega para la madre.The present paper discuss the solutions that Spain's Constitutional Tribunal and Spain's Supreme Court have issued in filiation cases, in which the

  11. Judicial Performance Review in Arizona: A Critical Assessment

    Rebecca White Berch

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Judicial performance evaluations are a relatively new tool for assessing judges and providing information to voters to help them determine whether to retain judges in contested or retention elections. Arizona implemented its judicial evaluation program about 20 years ago, and since that time, the state has continually strived to improve its process. The result is that today Arizona has one of the most progressive and comprehensive judicial performance evaluation programs in the United States. This article takes a critical look at the strengths and weaknesses of Arizona’s program, keeping in mind two key values that the system seeks to protect: judicial accountability and judicial independence. Las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial son una herramienta relativamente nueva para evaluar a los jueces y ofrecer información a los votantes, que les ayude a decidir si quieren reelegir a los jueces en las elecciones. Arizona implementó su programa de evaluación judicial hace unos 20 años, y desde ese momento, el Estado se ha esforzado continuamente en mejorar el proceso. El resultado es que hoy en día, Arizona tiene uno de los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial más progresistas e integrales de los Estados Unidos. Este artículo ofrece una mirada crítica a las fortalezas y debilidades del programa de Arizona, teniendo en cuenta dos valores clave que el sistema trata de proteger: la responsabilidad judicial y la independencia judicial. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2533868

  12. Conflitos e consensos na exigibilidade judicial do direito à educação básica

    Adriana Dragone Silveira

    2013-01-01

    O presente artigo analisa os obstáculos enfrentados para a exigibilidade do direito à educação, por meio do recurso ao Judiciário, relacionados aos argumentos sobre a escassez de recursos para a concretização deste direito, a impossibilidade de interferência do Judiciário no poder discricionário do Executivo e a satisfação das demandas difusas e coletivas referentes à formulação e a concretização de políticas públicas. Os temas são discutidos a partir dos limites apresentados para a efetivaçã...

  13. Literatura y activismo intelectual en la Argentina de los 80. Notas a partir de Lecturas críticas. Revista de Investigación y Teorías Literarias

    Analía Isabel Gerbaudo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de Lecturas críticas. Revista de Investigación y Teorías Literarias, este trabajo describe diferentes formas del activismo intelectual desarrollado en Argentina en torno a la literatura, la teoría y la crítica literarias durante la última dictadura militar. Los “grupos de estudio” (o la llamada “universidad de las catacumbas”, además de hacer circular y discutir literatura y teorías prohibidas, producen conferencias, revistas así como un colectivo crítico que, con el retorno democrático, renovará la enseñanza y la investigación universitarias en una zona importante del país. Pero por otro lado, durante la dictadura, estas formaciones y las derivas que generan en el campo actúan como núcleos de resistencia desajustados de la moral y de la ideología oficiales. Palabras claveliteratura * universidad de las catacumbas  *  Argentina  *  dictadura  * teoría y crítica literarias 

  14. ATIVISMO JUDICIAL E ESTADO DE DIREITO

    Carlos Eduardo Dieder Reverbel

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho insere-se na Teoria do Estado e no Direito Constitucional. Parte da natural sociabilidade do humano para demonstrar que o Estado de Direito nasce para servir a pessoa, e esta abdica parte de sua liberdade em prol de um convívio harmônico e pacífico dentro da sociedade. Delimita, mesmo que não desenvolva, o que entende ser os princípios de Estado de Direito. Após, insere o estudo dentro das duas principais famílias de direito: common law e romano-germânica; apresentando o princípío prevalente em cada uma delas: legalidade e processualidade. Desenvolve distinção de McILWIAN entre  jurisdictio y gubernaculum, pois o Estado de Direito só pode ser aquele que delimite e proteja uma área restrita à  Política, e uma área restrita ao  Direito. Por fim, antes da conclusão e da bibliografia, mostramos  os  entraves que o  ativismo judicial  – inclusive colacionando jurisprudências – tem gerado para o florescimento de um Estado de Direito racional.

  15. Explaining the judicial independence of international courts: a comparative analysis

    Beach, Derek

    condition. The paper first develops three sets of competing explanatory variables that potentially can explain variations in the judicial independence of ICs. The causal effects of these explanatory variables upon variance in judicial independence are investigated in a comparative analysis of the ACJ, ECJ......What factors allow some international courts (ICs) to rule against the express preferences of powerful member states, whereas others routinely defer to governments? While judicial independence is not the only factor explaining the strength of a given international institution, it is a necessary...

  16. Judicialization of International Relations: Do International Courts Matter?

    Malíř, Jan

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 3, č. 3 (2013), s. 208-224. ISSN 1805-8396 Institutional support: RVO:68378122 Keywords : judicialization * international relations * legal and extralegal factors Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences

  17. The Political Context of Judicial Review in Indonesia

    Fritz Edward Siregar

    2015-01-01

    Indonesia Constitutional Court will celebrate 12th birthday this August 2015, and it cannot be denied that the Court play significant role in securing democracy in Indonesia. In exercising their authorities, including the election result dispute and judicial review, the Court continue to affirm institutional judicial legitimacy and pursue their role to guard 1945 Constitution and continue to do so. The first Chief Justice Jimly showed how within five years of the Court’s creation, he could st...

  18. Judicial judgement-making and legal criteria of testimonial credibility

    Dolores Seijo; Mercedes Novo

    2010-01-01

    Judicial judgement-making in legal and forensic settings is characterised by the information loss model. In comparison to formal reasoning styles, in which information is processed in detail, judicial reasoning styles are mainly informal. Moreover, the experimental literature regarding judges and juries has revealed that reliability is the corner stone of legal judgement-making in legal contexts. This study aims to assess the underlying legal criteria assigned to the credibility of testimonie...

  19. Judicial Districts, nevada judicial districts, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Washoe County.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2006. It is described as 'nevada...

  20. Judicial Districts, Judicial District, Published in 1999, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1999. It is...

  1. Kári á Rógvi, West-Nordic Constitutional Judicial Review: A Comparative Study of Scandinavian Judicial Review and Judicial Reasoning (Copenhagen: Djøf Publishing, 2013

    Rachael L. Johnstone

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Review of the following book: Kári á Rógvi, West-Nordic Constitutional Judicial Review: A Comparative Study of Scandinavian Judicial Review and Judicial Reasoning (Copenhagen: Djøf Publishing, 2013. pp. 364, 45.00 GBP (paperback. ISBN: 8757429154

  2. El problema de las bandas en España como objeto de producción académica y de activismo etnográfico

    Queirolo Palmas, Luca

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo es parte de una investigación más amplia en el marco del proyecto de investigación europea YOUGANG (Gangs Policies: youth and migration in local contexts, www.yougang.udl.cat). La investigación ha sido financiada a través de una Marie Curie Intra European Fellowship (7th European Community Framework Programme) en la Universidad de Lleida. La base empírica del texto se sustenta sobre un significativo esfuerzo de investigación empírica realizado entre octubre de 2011 y julio de 20...

  3. Consideraciones sobre el concepto de Arma de Fuego en la Balística Judicial

    Amaury Suárez González

    2010-01-01

    El empleo de armas de fuego como uno de los medios en la comisión de hechos delictivos no ha dejado de ser una constante dentro de la ocurrencia del delito y de hecho su uso se ha venido incrementando si no significativamente sí de forma sostenida, lo cual repercute en la necesidad de una mayor atención a este tema. En el caso específico de la Criminalística nos ha tocado muy a menudo dilucidar si determinado ingenio constituye o no un arma de fuego y de ser...

  4. Cooperación judicial penal en Europa

    Carmona Ruano, Miguel; González Vega, Ignacio U.; Moreno Catena, Víctor; Arnáiz Serrano, Amaya

    2013-01-01

    Evolución de la Cooperación Judicial Penal Internacional: en especial, la Cooperación Judicial Penal en Europa / Amaya Arnáiz Serrano. -- El cambio de paradigma y el principio de reconocimiento mutuo y sus implicaciones. Perspectivas del Tratado de Lisboa / Víctor Moreno Catena. -- El fortalecimiento de la confianza mutua: garantías procesales del imputado, estatuto de la víctima y protección de los datos personales / Jorge Albino Alves Costa y Marcos Loredo Colunga. -- El Convenio de Asis...

  5. Role of the case law to ensure judicial power

    Pesudovs A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research substantiates the need for uniform court practice, by underscoring the importance of it in complying with uniform administration of justice, increase of procedural economy and effectiveness, and ensuring indivisibility of judicial power. Practical part of the research is constituted by study of the practice of the application of laws in the judicial system of the Republic of Latvia. Focus is on the decisions on undisputed compulsory execution of obligations. For more objective substantiation of the problem also other adjudications are analysed with regard to essential civil law matters.

  6. Organic Law Of Judicial Guarantees And Constitutional Control

    Ernesto López Freire

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper demonstrates the various unconstitutional and fallacies of the Organic Law of Judicial guarantees and Constitutional Control. For that, there will be a comprehensive collation between the mentioned law and the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador and force. Through this analysis shows a lack of knowledge of Ecuadorian law or legal science by their authors. This study elucidated, inter alia, the inconsistencies in matters relating to the interpretation of constitutional provisions, full compensation, material and integral; challenge administrative acts, judicial unit.

  7. MULTILINGUAL LAW AND JUDICIAL INTERPRETATION IN THE EU

    Ćapeta, Tamara

    2009-01-01

    Summary: The purpose of this article is to assess how multilingualism affects judicial interpretation of EU law. In the EU, the European Court of Justice is in the position of having the final say on what EU norms mean. Therefore, the article looks into the case law of that Court. It is well known that all official EU languages (23 of them at present) are authentic languages. Less known is what the related consequences are for interpretation in judicial proceedings. The first aim of the arti...

  8. Movimientos sociales, activismo constitucional y narrativa democrática en la Argentina contemporánea Social movements, constitutional activism and democratic narrative in contemporary Argentina

    Gabriela Delamata

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza tres procesos recientes de movilización socio-legal en Argentina y subraya el rol de la Constitución y la comunidad legal garantista en su despliegue. El enfoque utilizado propone entender los procesos bajo la forma de una reactivación del patrón activista gestado en la transición democrática y señala sus efectos actuales sobre los procedimientos democráticos y la gramática de ciudadanía.The article analyzes three contemporary processes of socio-legal mobilization in Argentina and underlines the role of the Constitution and of the legal community in its enforcement. The adopted approach aims at understanding those processes as a sort of reactivation of the activist tradition born during the transition to democracy, and emphasizing the present effects of this constitutional activism on democratic procedures and the citizenship grammar.

  9. Judicial judgement-making and legal criteria of testimonial credibility

    Dolores Seijo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Judicial judgement-making in legal and forensic settings is characterised by the information loss model. In comparison to formal reasoning styles, in which information is processed in detail, judicial reasoning styles are mainly informal. Moreover, the experimental literature regarding judges and juries has revealed that reliability is the corner stone of legal judgement-making in legal contexts. This study aims to assess the underlying legal criteria assigned to the credibility of testimonies by judges by evaluating the court archives of judicial judgements in which the verdict rested entirely on the credibility of testimonies. Moreover, given the prevalence of informal reasoning in this context, an analysis was undertaken to determine the use of heuristics which are indicative of informal reasoning. In addition, an analysis of the interaction of both variables and their effect on joint decision-making by legal experts and lay people was assessed. Finally, bearing in mind the limitations of this study, the results are discussed in terms of their implications in the evaluation of testimonial credibility in judicial proceedings.

  10. A responsabilidade tributária do administrador judicial

    Araújo, António Peixoto; Machado, Maria João Pimentel Felgueiras

    2015-01-01

    Sumário: I. Introdução; II. Responsabilidade tributária; III. Normas jurídicas; IV. O CIRE; V. O estatuto do administrador judicial; VI. A posição da Autoridade Tributária; VII. Jurisprudência; VIII. A reforma do CIRE em 2012; IX. Conclusão.

  11. Building Coalitions for Change : Venezuela Judicial Infrastructure Development Project

    Kuehnast, Kathleen

    2001-01-01

    In the early 1990s, the Government of Venezuela urgently requested assistance from the World Bank to combat corruption, improve the business climate, and create a sense of transparency and involvement of civil society in state matters. The country's judicial system was identified as the institution in which to begin such reforms, because it was widely perceived as lacking credibility and e...

  12. The Legitimizing Function of Judicial Rhetoric in the Eugenics Controversy.

    Hasian, Marouf, Jr.; Croasmun, Earl

    1992-01-01

    Investigates the possibility that judicial policymaking is responsive to the situational exigencies created in part through public discourse. Investigates the elite and public perspectives regarding the eugenics controversy in the 1920s to explore the emergent relationship between the public and technical spheres of argument. (SR)

  13. Can Social Science Data Be Used in Judicial Decisionmaking?

    Doyle, William E.

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the importance of social science data in influencing federal court decisions, particularly in cases involving school integration, and concludes that the impact of such data on judicial decision-making in the field of constitutional law is less than is generally presumed. (JG)

  14. Matching Judicial Supervision to Clients' Risk Status in Drug Court

    Marlowe, Douglas B.; Festinger, David S.; Lee, Patricia A.; Dugosh, Karen L.; Benasutti, Kathleen M.

    2006-01-01

    This article reports outcomes from a program of experimental research evaluating the risk principle in drug courts. Prior studies revealed that participants who were high risk and had (a) antisocial personality disorder or (b) a prior history of drug abuse treatment performed better in drug court when scheduled to attend biweekly judicial status…

  15. Methodologies for Measuring Judicial Performance: The Problem of Bias

    Jennifer Elek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Concerns about gender and racial bias in the survey-based evaluations of judicial performance common in the United States have persisted for decades. Consistent with a large body of basic research in the psychological sciences, recent studies confirm that the results from these JPE surveys are systematically biased against women and minority judges. In this paper, we explain the insidious manner in which performance evaluations may be biased, describe some techniques that may help to reduce expressions of bias in judicial performance evaluation surveys, and discuss the potential problem such biases may pose in other common methods of performance evaluation used in the United States and elsewhere. We conclude by highlighting the potential adverse consequences of judicial performance evaluation programs that rely on biased measurements. Durante décadas ha habido una preocupación por la discriminación por género y racial en las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial basadas en encuestas, comunes en Estados Unidos. De acuerdo con un gran corpus de investigación básica en las ciencias psicológicas, estudios recientes confirman que los resultados de estas encuestas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial están sistemáticamente sesgados contra las mujeres y los jueces de minorías. En este artículo se explica la manera insidiosa en que las evaluaciones de rendimiento pueden estar sesgadas, se describen algunas técnicas que pueden ayudar a reducir las expresiones de sesgo en los estudios de evaluación del rendimiento judicial, y se debate el problema potencial que estos sesgos pueden plantear en otros métodos comunes de evaluación del rendimiento utilizados en Estados Unidos y otros países. Se concluye destacando las posibles consecuencias adversas de los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial que se basan en mediciones sesgadas. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2533937

  16. Judicial Cooperation Based On a European Evidence Warrant

    Mihaela Laura Pamfil

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The assurance of a better judicial cooperation between European Union Member States is aconstant preoccupation of the Council of Europe, taking into consideration that the European Union has setitself the objective of maintaining and developing an area of freedom, security and justice. The achievementof this objective is only possible if among EU Member States there is a high level of confidence and a mutualrecognition of the decisions issued by the competent judicial authorities. The European arrest warrant was thefirst concrete measure in the field of criminal law implementing the principle of mutual recognition which theEuropean Council referred to as cornerstone of judicial cooperation. It was followed by other measuresdesigned to create the legal framework of the judicial cooperation; some of these measures concerns the fightagainst corruption, terrorism, cross-border criminality, racism and xenophobia while others are applicable inany case, such as the order of freezing the property and the evidence. On 18 December 2008, a newinstrument was created in order to improve the judicial cooperation between the Member States: the Europeanevidence warrant. Its purpose is to assure the obtaining of the objects, documents and data which may be usedas evidence in proceedings in criminal matters in issuing State, from another Member State. So, the aim ofthis Framework Decision is to complete the provision of the Decision on the execution of orders freezingproperty and evidence which is not talking about the transfer of the evidence after the freezing.Romania, like the other European Union Member States must transpose the provision of this Decision in thenational law by 19 January 2011. That is why we would like to analyse the procedures and the safeguardsprovided by this Decision and to show the way we see the European evidence warrant settled in ourlegislation.

  17. Siguiendo sus pasos: Explorando el activismo sociopolítico de los puertorriqueños en Nueva York desde una perspectiva Afrocéntrica.

    Milagros Denis-Rosario

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Muchos estudios destacan que los puertorriqueños no encajan en la definición racial americana de "negro o blanco", y que debido a esta "singularidad" la experiencia racial puertorriqueña se debe medir de manera diferente. Este trabajo evalúa las actividades de puertorriqueños negros que llegaron y establecieron en Nueva York y quienes a pesar de enfrentar problemas de adaptación, racismo y pobreza persistente, forjaron una identidad la cual resuena con la experiencia y perspectiva de Arturo Schomburg, quien como puertorriqueño negro fue uno de los pioneros de la tradición afrocéntrica. Como historiadora en este artículo reviso la vida y obra de Schomburg y examino su gesta sobre el papel central de África y sus descendientes en la historia del mundo. También reviso la filosofía del historiador surafricano C. Tsehloane Keto, quien postula la centralidad de la historia de África en la interpretación de la experiencia de las personas de ascendencia africana en los Estados Unidos y en todo el mundo. Enmarcado en el contexto del trabajo de Keto y de Schomburg recalco que el proceso de la construcción de la identidad nacionalista cultural puertorriqueña en la ciudad de Nueva York demuestra un aspecto de la identidad "Nuyorican" la cual se caracteriza por una corriente afro-céntrica que va a la par con el movimiento negro afroamericano.

  18. Explaining judicial corruption in the courts of Chile, Peru and Ecuador

    Santiago Basabe-Serrano

    2013-01-01

    This article identifies the main variables that explain judicial corruption in Chile, Peru, and Ecuador. Improving the current methodological strategies used to measure judicial corruption and incorporating endogenous and exogenous variables in the model, this article argues that legal training of the judges, respect for the judicial career, and the fragmentation of political power explain different degrees of judicial corruption. Through a comparative diachronic and synchronic research desig...

  19. 78 FR 52785 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2013-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of...

  20. 77 FR 72884 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure....

  1. 75 FR 81644 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2010-12-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  2. 75 FR 11560 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    2010-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open...

  3. 77 FR 72885 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice of open...

  4. 75 FR 11560 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure

    2010-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate...

  5. 77 FR 70466 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2012-11-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  6. 78 FR 53159 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2013-08-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure. ACTION:...

  7. 77 FR 12077 - Meeting of The Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure

    2012-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of The Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  8. 75 FR 81645 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    2010-12-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open...

  9. 75 FR 11560 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2010-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  10. 75 FR 81645 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure

    2010-12-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure. ACTION:...

  11. 77 FR 30024 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure

    2012-05-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory...

  12. 78 FR 21977 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2013-04-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States, Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  13. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure

    2010-06-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure. ACTION:...

  14. 75 FR 81644 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure

    2010-12-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate...

  15. 77 FR 30025 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

    2012-05-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The...

  16. 77 FR 12077 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    2012-02-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open...

  17. 78 FR 64012 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2013-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  18. 78 FR 76177 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2013-12-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  19. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

    2010-06-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy...

  20. 75 FR 81644 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

    2010-12-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy...

  1. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure

    2010-06-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Appellate...

  2. 75 FR 81644 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure

    2010-12-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  3. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure

    2010-06-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Civil Procedure. ACTION: Notice...

  4. 77 FR 30025 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2012-05-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Committee on...

  5. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    2010-06-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open...

  6. 78 FR 45564 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    2013-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure....

  7. El género judicial. Materiales para su uso lingüístico / The judicial genre. Materials for its Linguistic study

    Susana Ridao Rodrigo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El objetivo de este libro es contribuir al estudio del género judicial mediante la utilización de corpus orales. En el ámbito anglosajón, la lingüística forense ha sido una línea de trabajo muy cultivada por diversos investigadores, como lingüistas, sociólogos, psicólogos o traductores; pues nos encontramos ante un campo de análisis interdisciplinar. Estamos convencidos de que en español se han realizado pocos estudios sobre juicios orales debido a las dificultades que conlleva conseguir el corpus. Por ello, en este volumen nos hemos propuesto presentar las transcripciones de doce juicios. Igualmente, en la introducción facilitamos algunos datos relevantes relacionados con el devenir histórico de este género discursivo. A su vez, hacemos una breve presentación del estado de la cuestión. Dentro de la explicación de las variables sociosemióticas que configuran los juicios, destacamos los participantes y las relaciones de poder, así como la distribución del espacio y del tiempo.Abstract: The aim of the following book is to contribute to the study of the judicial genre by using oral corpus of speech. With respect to Anglo-Saxon context, forensic linguistics has been a line of work cultivated by many different researchers, including linguists, sociologists, psychologists, and translators; therefore, we find ourselves among a vast field of interdisciplinary analyses. We are convinced that there have been very few studies conducted regarding trials in Spanish due to the difficulties of obtaining the oral corpus. For that reason, in this volume we have proposed to present the transcriptions of twelve trials. Likewise, in the introduction we provide research relevant to the historic evolution of this field. Shortly after, we make a brief background. Within the explanation of the socio-semiotic variables that shape each trial, we point out the participants and the relevance of power, such as the distribution of space and time.

  8. El diario en línea. Metodología para el análisis y la reflexión sobre Internet y las prácticas políticas entre universitarios

    María Rebeca Padilla de la Torre

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe la metodología de los diarios en línea para analizar las actividades en Internet de un grupo de estudiantes universitarios, identificando entre ellas las vinculadas con la política. El registro de diarios se llevó a cabo durante cuatro meses, periodo en el que se desarrollaron campañas electorales en la ciudad de Aguascalientes, México, y se complementaron con sesiones presenciales, a manera de entrevistas colectivas. Esta metodología fue muy pertinente para detonar la reflexividad de los sujetos de estudio sobre el papel de Internet en su vida diaria y en su participación política. Los hallazgos mostraron diez categorías de prácticas en Internet en nueve distintos soportes. Las principales prácticas fueron de naturaleza social y de entretenimiento y el sentido que prevaleció en las políticas fue el subactivismo que se refiere a la discusión sobre política sin traducirse en actividades de política formal, de subpolítica o activismo

  9. Judicial astrology in theory and practice in later medieval Europe.

    Carey, Hilary M

    2010-06-01

    Interrogations and elections were two branches of Arabic judicial astrology made available in Latin translation to readers in western Europe from the twelfth century. Through an analysis of the theory and practice of interrogations and elections, including the writing of the Jewish astrologer Sahl b. Bishr, this essay considers the extent to which judicial astrology was practiced in the medieval west. Consideration is given to historical examples of interrogations and elections mostly from late medieval English manuscripts. These include the work of John Dunstaple (ca. 1390-1453), the musician and astrologer who is known have served at the court of John, duke of Bedford. On the basis of the relatively small number of surviving historical horoscopes, it is argued that the practice of interrogations and elections lagged behind the theory. PMID:20513620

  10. Responsible Communication between the Judicial and Deontological Norm

    Daniela Aurelia Popa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Confronting with numerous problems related to moral judgment, the responsibility and irresponsibility in what concerns the vast domain of communication, we are interested in forming a correct and complete vision that crosses the judicial and deontological domain of the profession. The deontological norms are meant to guarantee, by their freely consented acceptance, the good fulfillment of the mission of the journalists, recognized as being indispensable for the god functioning of any human society. The laws do not expressly refer to the deontological norms, but these norms exist according to the law order and are necessary for its guarantee in this social context, which is chaotic from the point of view of the legislation in communication. The aspects analyzed here aremeant to indicate the manner in which passing from deontological norm to the judicial norm creates an external constraint for the communicator which brings more responsibility in view of avoiding the journalistic conflicts.

  11. Organic Law Of Judicial Guarantees And Constitutional Control

    Ernesto López Freire

    2013-01-01

    This paper demonstrates the various unconstitutional and fallacies of the Organic Law of Judicial guarantees and Constitutional Control. For that, there will be a comprehensive collation between the mentioned law and the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador and force. Through this analysis shows a lack of knowledge of Ecuadorian law or legal science by their authors. This study elucidated, inter alia, the inconsistencies in matters relating to the interpretation of constitutional provision...

  12. Judicial Lobbying: The Politics of Labor Law Constitutional Interpretation

    Matias Iaryczower; Pablo Spiller; Mariano Tommasi

    2005-01-01

    This paper links the theory of interest groups influence over the legislature with that of congressional control over the judiciary. The resulting framework reconciles the theoretical literature of lobbying with the negative available evidence on the impact of lobbying over legislative outcomes, and sheds light to the determinants of lobbying in separation-of-powers systems. We provide conditions for judicial decisions to be sensitive to legislative lobbying, and find that lobbying falls the ...

  13. Analysis of the judicial file: assessing the validity of testimony

    Scott, M. Teresa; Antonio L. Manzanero

    2015-01-01

    Under the holistic approach to the assessment of testimony (HELPT), this paper describes a protocol for the analysis of all of the information that can be extracted from a judicial file, regarding the knowledge of heuristic principles and psychology of testimony. The aim is to provide a systematization for expert reports about the topics that could be explored in a file, extracting the maximum unbiased information to establish the relevant hypotheses of the case and evaluate possible factors ...

  14. Judicial Enforcement of Economic, Social and Cultural Right

    Aulona Haxhiraj

    2013-01-01

    Economic, social and cultural right (“social right”) have historically been viewed as distinct in natyre and scope from civil and political right. Rather than being viewed as judicially enforceable rights of immeadiate application, such rights have widely been considered non-justiciable programmatic goals to be archieved progressively within available resources, through political processes. The purpose of this paper is to provide the legal and analytical tools to understand why this dichotomy...

  15. Judicial reform in the Kingdom of Poland in 1876

    Artur Korobowicz

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Work on judicial reform in the Kingdom of Poland began at the end of 1864 amid the aftermath of the defeated January 1863 uprising and the resulting gradual abolition of the country’s legal and political separation from Russia. It was decided that the Russian Judicial Laws of 1864 were to be implemented in the Kingdom, yet all of their solutions providing for the society’s participation in administering justice were removed during the twelve years long legislative process. Jury trial was abandoned, the election of justices of the peace replaced with their appointment, and the irremovability of judges was severely restricted. Also, the bar did not receive any autonomy. The goal behind the judicial reform in the Kingdom was not only unifying its judiciary with that of Russia but also its Russification. Russian became the official language of the courts and the newly appointed judges were to be Russian lawyers. On the other hand, an undeniable improvement was brought about by the introduction of Russian civil and criminal procedure in the Kingdom. The former remained in force in the central and eastern parts of the independent Polish state until 1933 and the latter – until 1929.

  16. Judicial Enforcement of Economic, Social and Cultural Right

    Aulona Haxhiraj

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Economic, social and cultural right (“social right” have historically been viewed as distinct in natyre and scope from civil and political right. Rather than being viewed as judicially enforceable rights of immeadiate application, such rights have widely been considered non-justiciable programmatic goals to be archieved progressively within available resources, through political processes. The purpose of this paper is to provide the legal and analytical tools to understand why this dichotomy is false. The paper will consider the international normative framework for the legal protection of social rights, the specific content of state obligations under treaties dealing with such rights, how the international social rights monitoring system functions, and the various obstacles and opportunities currently facing the judicial enforceability of social rights. In every society there is violation which implies its citizen not get proper social right, economical right and cultural right. Proper implementation and adoption of judicial enforcement can reduce this violation rate and established social peace. Step mentioned in the above might not perfect but it might be small starting and ensure social, culture & economical right for the people living in the society.

  17. Uso judicioso de medicamentos em crianças Judicious use of medication in children

    Lucia Ferro Bricks

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: realizar a revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema uso criterioso de medicamentos em crianças. FONTES DE DADOS: os artigos foram pesquisados através dos dados do Medline, no período de 1992 a 2002. Foram selecionados artigos que abordavam a eficácia e a toxicidade dos diversos fármacos utilizados na terapêutica das principais infecções respiratórias agudas. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: o uso abusivo de medicamentos para tratar as infecções respiratórias agudas e doenças atópicas é generalizado e, freqüentemente, são utilizados medicamentos com ação não comprovada. CONCLUSÕES: frente à toxicidade de muitos medicamentos e à emergência de cepas bacterianas resistentes aos antibióticos, é essencial desenvolver novos métodos para o diagnóstico das doenças de etiologia bacteriana, bem como educar médicos e leigos sobre o uso criterioso de medicamentos.OBJECTIVE: to perform a bibliographic review on criterion-based use of drugs by children. SOURCES OF DATA: articles were searched through Medline database using the terms: acute respiratory diseases, asthma, antibiotics, treatment and children. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: there is an excessive use of drugs to treat acute respiratory diseases and asthma. Drugs with unproved action are frequently prescribed. CONCLUSIONS: considering the toxicity of many drugs used in children and the emergency of bacterial strains resistant to antibiotics, it is essential to develop new methods of diagnosing bacterial infections, as well as to educate both physicians and the general public on the judicious use of drugs.

  18. O controle judicial das políticas públicas: a problemática da efetivação dos direitos fundamentais sociais

    Victor Hugo Siqueira De Assis, Analista Legislativo na Assembleia Legislativa do Estado do Ceará, Brasil

    2012-01-01

    O presente trabalho objetiva analisar o crescente papel do Judiciário no controle das políticas públicas e sua repercussão sobre o tema da eficácia dos direitos fundamentais sociais. A Constituição Federal de 1988 assegura a aplicação imediata dos direitos fundamentais, independentemente de sua feição e mesmo que não estejam expressamente consignados em seu texto. A despeito disso, é inegável a dificuldade enfrentada quando se trata de direitos sociais, caracterizados por necessitarem de pre...

  19. Conflitos e consensos na exigibilidade judicial do direito à educação básica

    Adriana Dragone Silveira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa os obstáculos enfrentados para a exigibilidade do direito à educação, por meio do recurso ao Judiciário, relacionados aos argumentos sobre a escassez de recursos para a concretização deste direito, a impossibilidade de interferência do Judiciário no poder discricionário do Executivo e a satisfação das demandas difusas e coletivas referentes à formulação e a concretização de políticas públicas. Os temas são discutidos a partir dos limites apresentados para a efetivação deste direito social e das proposições para a sua superação, recorrendo à literatura e às decisões judiciais do Supremo Tribunal Federal e do Tribunal de Justiça de São Paulo.

  20. Trajetória da revisão judicial no desenho constitucional brasileiro: tutela, autonomia e judicialização The trajectory of judicial review in the brazilian constitutional design: tutelage, autonomy and judicialization

    Ernani Carvalho

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available As instituições judiciárias ficaram por muito tempo na sombra dos fenômenos e da teoria política estudadas na América Latina. Neste texto trago algumas reflexões em torno de uma dessas instituições, a revisão judicial. A ideia central é demonstrar a trajetória deste instrumento jurídico que se tornou uma peça chave no entendimento da judicialização da política no Brasil. Neste sentido, tentaremos mapear os fatores que potencializam a judicialização da política tomando como pano de fundo a evolução das instituições judiciais brasileiras no período republicano, especificamente as instituições responsáveis pela revisão judicial.The judicial institutions remained for a long time in the shadow of the political phenomena and theory in Latin America. This article presents some thoughts on one of these institutions, the judicial review. The main idea is to demonstrate the trajectory of this legal instrument that has become a key piece to understand the judicialization of politics in Brazil. In this sense, the paper tries to identify the factors that lead to the judicialization of politics, considering as background the evolution of the judicial institutions in Brazil during the republican period, and in particular the institutions responsible for the judicial review.

  1. Formula over Function? From Algorithms to Values in Judicial Evaluation

    Francesco Contini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the forms and effects of the ‘invasion’ of the ‘temples of the law’ by new economic and managerial forms of performance evaluation. While traditional judicial evaluation focused on how to select and promote individual judges and on the legal quality of the single case, new quantitative methods and formulas are being introduced to assess efficiency, productivity and timeliness of judges and courts. Building on two case studies, from Spain and the Netherlands, the paper illustrates two contrasting approaches to judicial performance evaluation. On the one hand individual judges' productivity is evaluated through quantitative data and mathematical algorithms: in the extreme case considered here, judge's remuneration was adjusted accordingly. On the other hand quantitative and qualitative data, collected by a variety of methods and theoretical frameworks, are used as the basis of a multi-layered negotiation process designed to find a synthesis between competing economic, legal and social values aimed at improving overall organizational performance. Considering the flaws of unidimensional measurement and evaluation systems and considering the incommensurability of the results of the multiple evaluative frameworks (economic, legal, sociological required to overcome such flaws, the authors argue there is a need for political dialogue between relevant players in order to allocate the values appropriate to judicial evaluation. Este artículo analiza las formas y efectos de la “invasión” de los “templos de la ley” por nuevas formas económicas y de gestión como la evaluación del rendimiento. Mientras que la evaluación judicial tradicional se ha centrado en la forma de seleccionar y promocionar a jueces individuales, y en la calidad jurídica de un caso individual, hoy en día se están introduciendo nuevos métodos cuantitativos y fórmulas para determinar la eficiencia, productividad y oportunidad de jueces y

  2. The Political Context of Judicial Review in Indonesia

    Fritz Edward Siregar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia Constitutional Court will celebrate 12th birthday this August 2015, and it cannot be denied that the Court play significant role in securing democracy in Indonesia. In exercising their authorities, including the election result dispute and judicial review, the Court continue to affirm institutional judicial legitimacy and pursue their role to guard 1945 Constitution and continue to do so. The first Chief Justice Jimly showed how within five years of the Court’s creation, he could strategically maximise its momentum and build up the Court as a respectful institution. The Chief Justice Mahfud MD was then elected to reduce the judicial activism started by Jimly’s bench. However, against promises and expectations, Mahfud MD brought the Court to a level far beyond the imagination of the Constitution drafters. Parliament and President tried to limit Court’s authority, not ones, and the Court able to overcome those constrain. Current various available studies observed only how the Court issued their decision and solely focus to the impact of the decision. Scholars slightly ignore that study about the Court, by reducing other constitutional actor in Indonesia, produce study about the Court itself isn’t complete. In fact, political environment in which the Court operated at that time is one of utmost importance the strengthen of the Court institutional legitimacy. This paper is trying to discover the rise of the Indonesia Constitutional Court, not from what the Court did, but from political environment outside the court. Political parties realize that the Court is the only institution that act as political dispute resolution among them. Political parties maturity and political constraint are the key factor that support the development of the Court’s institutional power.

  3. Judicial Review in European Union Competition Law: A Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment

    PETIT, Nicolas; Geradin, Damien

    2010-01-01

    Ever since the creation of the General Court (“GC”), the effectiveness of judicial review in European Union (“EU”) competition cases has sparked intense scholarly debates. This paper seeks to further contribute to this discussion in three ways. First, it devotes some space to fundamental, yet often overlooked questions, such as the goals or functions of judicial review and why judicial review of administrative decisions is important; particularly so in competition law matters. ...

  4. THE FIRST ATTEMPTS OF ESTABLISHING A JUDICIAL REVIEW OF CONSTITUTIONALITY – THE CASE OF GREAT BRITAIN

    Daniela Cristina VALEA

    2012-01-01

    Early manifestations of judicial review of constitutionality should be sought in the British constitutional system, although it is true that it needed the intervention of the Supreme Court of the Union States of America (1803) to build a system of judicial review in what concerns the constitutionality of laws (judicial review – named in the Anglo-Saxon system). Thus, when the forms of political control were not enough anymore, the jurisdictional review turned up. It is exercised by courts (ei...

  5. Local Powers and Judicial Constraints in a Case of Rape in India

    Berti, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    International audience In this article, I analyse this contrasting relationship between the written and the oral in the production of judicial proof, in particular in relation to the problem posed by hostile witnesses. I base my findings on a criminal case which I observed at a district court concerning the rape of an under-age girl in order to analyse how judicial procedures come to be perturbed by extra-judicial power dynamics resulting from local relationships of dominance.

  6. Digital signage sobre IP

    Casademont Filella, Albert

    2012-01-01

    Projecte que versa sobre el disseny i la implementació d'un sistema de Digital Signage (Cartelleria Digital) sobre IP, creant un gestor que permeti controlar de forma remota tot un conjunt de petits dispositius connectats a pantalles que emeten continguts multimèdia com vídeos, imatges, feeds rss...

  7. Assessing potential future environmental legislative, regulatory, and judicial events

    Tonn, B.; Schweitzer, M.; Godfrey, G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Wagner, C. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States); MacGregor, D.G. [MacGregor-Bates, Inc. (United States)

    1998-03-01

    This report describes a methodology to proactively and methodically assess future potential environmental legislative, regulatory, and judicial events. This is an important endeavor because new, revised, and reauthorized legislation, proposed and final regulations, and outcomes of judicial proceedings have the potential to impose new actions, directions, and costs of many organizations in the United States (related to capital investments, operating approaches, and research and development) and to affect the quality of life. The electric power industry is particularly impacted by environmental regulatory events (the term `regulatory` is used to cover all the types of legal events listed above), as the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity affects air and water quality, require disposal of solid, hazardous, and radioactive wastes, and at times, impacts wetlands and endangered species. Numerous potential regulatory events, such as the reauthorization of the Clean Water Act and new regulations associated with global climate change, can greatly affect the power industry. Organizations poised to respond proactively to such events will improve their competitive positions, reduce their costs in the long-term, and improve their public images.

  8. TIC y activismo en organizaciones Mapuche

    Basanta, Juan José

    2012-01-01

    En el siguiente artículo trataremos de analizar algunas de las estrategias de intervención política y cultural a través del uso y apropiación de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación y las prácticas que contribuyen a reorganizar las relaciones de poder en organizaciones indígenas en el territorio argentino. Partimos del supuesto que en la última década distintos Pueblos indígenas en la República Argentina han irrumpido en diferentes espacios políticos organizativos en donde e...

  9. 基于司法行为认同对司法公信力的研究%On Judicial Action Identity Based Judicial Credibility

    施中英

    2016-01-01

    当前我国未理顺微观层次上人的感知与司法行为间的互动,公众对司法行为缺乏认同,司法信任付之阙如,司法公信力不足。司法公信力以司法行为认同为逻辑起点,而司法行为的认同以公众对司法行为的主观感知为必要条件。这样的心理效应往往发生于法律程序之中,与主观程序正义密切相关。可以说,提升司法行为认同是提升司法公信力的一个主要思路,文章以司法认同为“钥匙”,以司法信任为线索,同时辅之以主观程序正义的侧面论证,来探寻司法行为认同与司法公信力的联动可能性。%At present,the interaction between people’s perception and judicial action in china isn’t in sequence at the micro levels. Without public awareness of judicial action,judicial trust is rare and public credibility of the judiciary is coming down. The judicial credibility start with the identification of judicial action in logic,and it bases on manˊs subjective sensation about judicial action as indispensable constitutive elements. This psychological effect usually exists in legal procedure,is closely re-lated with subjective procedural justice. It is to say that enhancing social massˊs consents on judicial action is a main thought of promoting judicial credibility. In this paper,the author regards judicial identification as key,with judicial trust as the main clues,and supplemented by subjective procedural justice,to explore the possibility of the interaction between judicial action i-dentity and judicial credibility.

  10. La Capacitación Judicial en México

    Concha, Hugo

    2003-01-01

    En el Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas varios investigadores hemos dirigido nuestra atención al análisis e investigación sobre este elemento de formación. Yo particularmente me quisiera dirigir a algunos de los problemas de la educación y formación de jueces, reflexiones derivadas de la experiencia que me ha tocado tener en la coordinación de programas de capacitación con algunos poderes judiciales. Lo que intento hacer es compartir algunas reflexiones sobre lo que ha sido la educación ...

  11. Sobre el Paisaje Cultural

    Hernández León, Juan Miguel

    2008-01-01

    El 4º Congreso Europeo sobre Investigación Arquitectónica y Urbana EURAU’08, organizado por la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid y dedicado a reflexionar sobre el “Paisaje cultural”, continúa la tarea de intercambio de conocimientos científicos y experiencias docentes entre las escuelas y facultades europeas de Arquitectura emprendida en las ediciones anteriores de Marsella, acerca de “La cuestión doctoral”, de Lille, sobre “El espacio considerad...

  12. Ultrafiltros sobre ω.

    Mancilla Hernández, Salvador

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo del presente trabajo estudiar los ideales y filtros sobre conjuntos numerables, los que comúnmente conocemos como filtros sobre ω o ideales sobre ω. Dentro de estos, nos enfocaremos en la clase de I-ultrafiltros los cuales fueron estudiados por James Baumgartner en [11]. Y dentro de esta clase de ultrafiltros, nos concentraremos cuando I es {A ⊆ ω : n∈A g(n) < ∞}, también conocido como ideal sumable con respecto a g, donde g es una sucesión de números reales no negativ...

  13. [Analysis of an intercultural clinical practice in a judicial setting].

    Govindama, Yolande

    2007-01-01

    This article analyses an intercultural clinical practice in a legal setting from an anthropological and psychoanalytical perspective, demonstrating necessary reorganizations inherent to the framework. The culture of the new country and its founding myth being implicit to the judicial framework, the professional intervening introduces psychoanalytical references particularly totemic principles and the symbolic father by making genealogy, a universal object of transmission as guarantee of fundamental taboos of humanity. The metacultural perspective in this approach integrates ethnopsychoanalytical principles put forth by Devereux as well as the method although this latter has been adapted to the framework. This approach allows to re-question Devereux's ethnopsychoanalytical principles by opening the debate on the perspective of a psychoanalytical as well as psychiatric. PMID:18253668

  14. Contents and range of judicial control in safety engineering law

    The decree of the OVG Lueneburg by which the recommissioning of the Brunsbuettel nuclear power plant had been interrupted for a time because of a possible error in the proceedings was discussed in detail by the daily press. This discussion uses terms which might be able to render a false impression of the task of the administrative jurisdiction: whoever is talking of 'judicial control' and 'control density' should always be aware of the fact that administrative courts have no 'controlling jurisdiction' over administrative authorities in the sense of a supervisory board. It is not their task to 'control' administrative decisions but to grant legal protection to the individual citizen against illicit official interferences with his rights and legally protected interests. One should rather talk of a 'function granting legal protection' of the courts instead of a 'control function' (Art. 19, Abs. 4 GG). (orig./HP)

  15. Judicial review and transitional justice: reflective judgment in three contexts

    Mihaela Mihai

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to examine the ways in which courts of constitutional review have tried to deal with public sentiments within societies emerging from large–scale oppression and conflict. A comparative analysis of judicial review decisions from post–communist Hungary, post–Apartheid South Africa and post–dictatorial Argentina is meant to show–case how judges have, more or less successfully, recognised and pedagogically engaged social negative feelings of resentment and indignation towards former victimisers and beneficiaries of violence. Thus, the article hopes to pave the way for more in–depth research on one of the most neglected dimensions of post–conflict societies: public affect.

  16. Judiciário: mudanças e reformas

    Maria Tereza Sadek

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O JUDICIÁRIO brasileiro, diferentemente do que ocorria no passado, está na berlinda e não apresenta mais condições de impedir mudanças. Reformas virão e mudanças já estão em curso, algumas mais e outras menos visíveis, alterando a identidade e o perfil de uma instituição que sempre teve na tradição uma garantia segura contra as inovações.THE JUDICIAL Branch of the Brazilian government, unlike in the past, is now in a not-so-flattering spotlight and no longer able to prevent changes. Reforms will come and changes are already happening, some more and some less visible, altering the identity and the profile of an institution that had always counted on tradition as an assured guarantee against innovation.

  17. Judiciário: mudanças e reformas

    Maria Tereza Sadek

    2004-01-01

    O JUDICIÁRIO brasileiro, diferentemente do que ocorria no passado, está na berlinda e não apresenta mais condições de impedir mudanças. Reformas virão e mudanças já estão em curso, algumas mais e outras menos visíveis, alterando a identidade e o perfil de uma instituição que sempre teve na tradição uma garantia segura contra as inovações.THE JUDICIAL Branch of the Brazilian government, unlike in the past, is now in a not-so-flattering spotlight and no longer able to prevent changes. Reforms w...

  18. Psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision making trends.

    Shapiro, David L; Mixon, LeKisha; Jackson, Melissa; Shook, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Despite the establishment of the Daubert standard in 1993, the evidentiary criteria are rarely used as a basis for admissibility of expert witness testimony in the behavioral sciences. Ever since the promulgation of Frye and the Federal Rules of Evidence, controversy has surrounded the admissibility of expert testimony in courtrooms. There appears to be no existing uniform application of standards governing the admissibility of psychological expert witness testimony. Therefore, it is essential for the psycho-legal communities to explore judicial decision-making trends regarding psychological expert witness evidence. In this current research, psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision-making will be explored. In preliminary examination, 97 criminal and civil case summaries from the LexisNexis Academic Database involved issues of admissibility. Analyses conducted by eight trained and paired coders revealed that reliability and assistance to the trier of fact were the most often cited reasons for admissibility in courts. Consistent with prior studies, it was also found that the most applied standards for admissibility of psychological evidence were the Federal Rules of Evidence. Interestingly, while the Daubert scientific criteria for admission of scientific testimony were mentioned, they were rarely utilized. A secondary analysis of 167 civil and criminal appellate cases indicated that the reliability of testimony (18% of all cases), ability to assist the trier of fact (17%), the expert witness' qualifications (17%), and the relevance of the testimony (16%) were the most commonly cited reasons for determining admissibility. A tertiary qualitative analysis focusing on these four categories then revealed eight major trends in admissibility of psychological expert evidence. PMID:26341310

  19. 75 FR 65381 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Committees on Bankruptcy, Criminal Rules

    2010-10-22

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Committees on Bankruptcy, Criminal Rules AGENCY: Advisory Committee on Bankruptcy Rules and Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules, Judicial Conference of the... on Bankruptcy Rules and the Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules have proposed amendments to...

  20. 75 FR 81644 - Hearing of The Judicial Conference Committee on Criminal Rules

    2010-12-28

    ... UNITED STATES Hearing of The Judicial Conference Committee on Criminal Rules AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of Open Hearing. SUMMARY: The following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of...

  1. 76 FR 78695 - Hearing of the Judicial Conference Committee on Criminal Rules

    2011-12-19

    ... UNITED STATES Hearing of the Judicial Conference Committee on Criminal Rules AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States, Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of Open Hearing. SUMMARY: The following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of...

  2. 32 CFR 719.115 - Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions.

    2010-07-01

    ... persons; spectators at judicial sessions. 719.115 Section 719.115 National Defense Department of Defense... Matters § 719.115 Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions... identity of the victim of any alleged or suspected offense, except the victim of a sexual offense. (iv)...

  3. ¿Qué justicia queremos? Esencia y existencia del poder judicial

    Damián Moreno, Juan

    2015-01-01

    El autor, que fue formó parte de la Comisión a quien el Consejo de Ministros encargó en 2012 que redactara una propuesta de texto articulado de Anteproyecto de Ley Orgánica del Poder Judicial, analiza cómo ha evolucionado el Poder judicial en España

  4. 30 CFR 903.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 903.775 Section 903.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 903.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  5. 30 CFR 942.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 942.775 Section 942.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 942.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  6. 30 CFR 922.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 922.775 Section 922.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 922.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  7. 30 CFR 910.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 910.775 Section 910.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 910.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  8. 30 CFR 941.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 941.775 Section 941.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... DAKOTA § 941.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this...

  9. 30 CFR 939.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 939.775 Section 939.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... ISLAND § 939.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of his chapter,...

  10. 30 CFR 905.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 905.775 Section 905.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 905.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  11. 30 CFR 912.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 912.775 Section 912.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 912.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  12. 30 CFR 947.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 947.775 Section 947.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 947.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  13. 30 CFR 937.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 937.775 Section 937.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 937.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  14. 30 CFR 921.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 921.775 Section 921.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... MASSACHUSETTS § 921.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this...

  15. 30 CFR 933.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 933.775 Section 933.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... CAROLINA § 933.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of his chapter,...

  16. 77 FR 49828 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy, and...

    2012-08-17

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy... Appellate, Bankruptcy, and Criminal Procedure, and the Federal Rules of Evidence; Judicial Conference of the... on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy, and Criminal Procedure, and Rules of Evidence have...

  17. 76 FR 27089 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

    2011-05-10

    ... UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. ACTION: Notice of Open Meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure...

  18. 77 FR 12077 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

    2012-02-28

    ... UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure...

  19. 78 FR 77492 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure; Federal...

    2013-12-23

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure... Bankruptcy Procedure, Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of Open Hearing. SUMMARY: The following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of...

  20. 78 FR 1882 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

    2013-01-09

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure Federal Register Citation of Previous Announcements: 77 FR H9828. AGENCY: Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, Judicial Conference of the United States. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of...

  1. 76 FR 52349 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy, Civil...

    2011-08-22

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy... Appellate, Bankruptcy, Civil, and Criminal Procedure, and the Federal Rules of Evidence, Judicial Conference... Committees on Rules of Appellate, Bankruptcy, Civil, and Criminal Procedure, and Rules of Evidence...

  2. PRINCIPIOS DE COMPETENCIA JUDICIAL INTERNACIONAL Y DE PROTECCIÓN DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE Principles of international jurisdiction and environmental protection

    Pía Moscoso Restovic

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Como se resuelve el problema de la objetivación del vínculo de conexión cuando intervienen daños civiles y daños ambientales? Es decir, ¿podemos sostener que el fuero "lugar del hecho dañoso" puede determinarse con independencia de los sujetos que intervienen? ¿Es relevante el principio favor laesi en los casos de daño ambiental? Proponemos abordar estos problemas desde la relación que existe entre los principios de Competencia Judicial Civil Internacional y los principios de protección del medioambiente. Así, advertiremos que la mayor o menor extensión del fuero "lugar del hecho dañoso", adquiere connotaciones especiales si interpretamos armónicamente los principios de competencia judicial internacional y los principios de protección internacional del medio ambiente. En efecto, la política de protección ambiental, constituye un "valor superior del ordenamiento", y por tanto incide directamente en el juicio razonabilidad que el juez debe realizar sobre el vínculo de conexión. Si bien abordamos el problema desde la experiencia europea, las conclusiones tendrán validez universal.How to solve the problem of objectivity in the link between the court and the action, when engaging civil damages and environmental damages? In other words ¿ can we argue that the place of the harmful event can be determined independently of the persons involved? ¿Is favor Iaesi principle relevant in cases of environmental damage? We propose analyze those problems through the connections between International Civil Jurisdiction principles and environmental protection principles. In fact, environmental protection policy constitutes a "superior value". Therefore it affects directly the judge opinion about the connection link. Our approach is European, but the findings have universal validity.

  3. Classification of judicial investigation situations and its importance for criminalistic tactics

    Voronin S.E.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The problems of defining the criteria for determining judicial investigation situations are studied. Situations occurring during the prejudicial inquiry and legal proceedings have same epistemological nature, which allows to successfully apply the existing classification base to systematize and order the situations of judicial investigation. The author distinguishes the judicial problem-searching situations, occurring in the courts of original jurisdiction, of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority, differing in the character of problem raised and solved by the court. The typical situation in the courts of original jurisdiction is collecting evidence sufficient for making judicial decision. The typical situation in the courts of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority is validating decisions made by the court of original jurisdiction. The difference in the line of development of typical judicial investigation situations and search and cognitive activity’s character is shown. The author distinguishes typical problem-searching judicial situations, occurring in the court of original jurisdiction, connected with: 1 saving the evidence seized during prejudicial inquiry; 2 filling the gaps in prejudicial inquiry materials; 3 providing judicial assessment of evidence; 4 making judicial decision. The court of original jurisdiction adjudicates in a case, courts of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority review the judicial decision (their revision activity is provided with search and cognitive means to a lesser extent. The most widespread problem-searching judicial situations in the court of appellate jurisdiction are distinguished. The information uncertainty in mentioned situations cannot be overcome by cognitive means of such courts.

  4. HISTORIOGRAPHY GENERAL, REGIONAL AND SPECIAL STUDIES OF JUDICIAL REFORM IN RUSSIA 1864

    Sergei Evgenievich Strakhov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, a crucial role is played by the judiciary. In the period lasting judicial reform, it is important to explore this institution not only at the present stage, but also to trace the history of its development, including - through analysis and synthesis of existing studies of the judiciary and judicial reforms.The purpose of this study - to explore the historiography of general, special and regional studies of judicial reform of1864 inRussia, to classify research on history and on the subject of the study.Scientific, theoretical and practical significance of the work lies in the fact that the study of this topic will summarize the significant weight of the studies of the judicial reform of 1864 and classified by facilitating orientation interested in individuals in the study subjects.The author uses historical, comparative, hermeneutical, mathematical methods, as well as general methods of scientific research.The author analyzes the historiography of general, special and regional studies of the judicial reform of1864 inRussia, introducing a classification of such studies in chronological order (pre-revolutionary, Soviet and modern stages and subject matter (common - affecting all aspects of judicial reform, special - dedicated to a particular aspect (legal agencies, prosecutors, legal, etc. and regional - dedicated to judicial reform, or some aspects of it in some regions of Russia.The results of this study are scientific and practical value, because they can be useful for teaching students - in industry disciplines "judiciary", "advocacy", "notary public", "public prosecutor's supervision" and general theoretical "History of State and Law," "History of the fatherland" ; in science - by picking up information about the historiography of the judicial reform, and in practice - said work can serve as a guide to research judicial reform, which may be useful to practitioners of judicial and investigative bodies, as well as - prosecutors

  5. Judiciarização do privado e violência contra a mulher "Judicialization" of the private and violence against women

    María del Carmen Cortizo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta alguns dos paradoxos presentes na Lei Maria da Penha, tendo como referentes teóricos as recentes análises sobre os processos de jurisdiciarização da vida privada. A mencionada Lei trata sobre relações que por muito tempo foram consideradas fora do espaço regulatório do Estado e tem por objetivo principal erradicar e punir as formas de violência doméstica contra a mulher. Os paradoxos, aos que fazemos referência, apresentam-se tanto no grau de ampliação dos processos de criminalização, quanto na aplicação concreta por parte do sistema jurídico-judicial do Estado. Neste sentido, assinalamos os problemas de uma aplicação da lei que possa vir a reproduzir a cultura jurídica conservadora presente na sociedade e, portanto, nos operadores de direitos, caso não se compreenda a questão da violência contra a mulher e as suas formas de prevenção e punição como uma questão cultural complexa, que não se esgota na jurisdiciarização do espaço privado.This article presents some paradoxes present in the Maria da Penha Law, using as theoretical references the recent analyses about the processes of "judicialization" of private life. The law mentioned applies to relations that for many years were considered outside the regulatory space of the State. Its principal objective is to eradicate and punish domestic violence against women. The paradoxes to which we refer appear both in the degree of expansion of the processes of criminalization, as well as in the concrete application by the State's legal-judicial system. We indicate problems related to application of the law in a way that reproduces the conservative legal culture present in society and therefore, in the operators of rights. This is exacerbated if the question of violence against women, as well as forms for prevention and punishment, are not understood as a complex cultural issue that is not limited to the "judicialization" of private space.

  6. Vivir en la calle. El derecho a la vivienda en la jurisprudencia del TSJC

    Gargarella, Roberto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se analizan críticamente dos recientes decisiones del Tribunal Superior de Justicia de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires referidos a la política pública seguida por el Poder Ejecutivo local, en relación con el marco habitacional de las personas que viven en “situación de calle”. A través del examen de estas decisiones particulares, los autores reflexionan sobre algunas cuestiones más generales de teoría constitucional, relacionadas con el control judicial en el área de los derechos sociales; el lugar normativo de los pactos internacionales de derechos humanos; y las tensiones entre activismo judicial y democracia.

  7. Treatnebt if Addiction - Clinical and Judicial Perspectives: Two Case Reports

    Sofia Fonseca

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The sporadic or chronic use of drugs and alcohol is directly related to conduct disorders and to the triggering of psychopathological states of sub-acute or chronic course. The excessive consumption of alcohol and excessive traffic/consumption of illicit drugs by individuals without mental illness or disability are actions of free will; they are therefore criminally responsible for their behaviour, even if they commit a crime during the state of intoxication, which the individual chose voluntarily to experience. In clinical practice, it is widely accepted that the treatment of these disorders is only effective when the patient accepts it voluntarily and that involuntary commitment (compulsive treatment is only carried out when the psychopathological state associated justifies the presuppositions of Article 12 of the Mental Health Law. However, if the compulsive treatment is of a penal character, mandated by a judge, the individual is obligated to accept treatment, independent of whether or not he suffers from mental illness. The authors present two case studies, one of drug addiction, the other of alcoholism, and discuss the clinical and judicial perspectives on the treatment of these clinical entities.

  8. Judicial Separation and Family Law Reform Act, 1989 (No. 6 of 1989), 19 April 1989.

    1989-01-01

    This document contains major portions of the 1989 Judicial Separation and Family Law Reform Act of Ireland relating to marital separation. The sections cover 1) the application procedure to obtain a decree of judicial separation, 2) supplemental provisions dealing with proof of adultery and unreasonable behavior, 3) safeguards to insure that applicants are aware of alternatives to separation and to assist applicants and respondents in reconciliation attempts, 4) adjournments to aid reconciliation attempts or separation agreements, 5) other judicial proceedings, 6) payments of spousal support, 7) property sale and/or adjustment orders, 8) orders extinguishing rights of succession, and 9) child support. PMID:12319842

  9. Does Judicial Independence explain Post-transitional Justice? ¿Puede la independencia judicial explicar la justicia postransicional?

    Elin SKAAR

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Post-transitional justice in Latin America started in the Southern Cone in the mid-1990s and gradually spread to a number of countries which are seeking to address the human rights violations committed during the authoritarian regimes that dominated the continent from 1970s to the early 1990s. To distinguish trials at the time of transition from trials that take place years into the consolidation phase, this article develops a theoretical framework that explains variations in the propensity to prosecute the military for gross human rights violations (i.e., the number of trials across time and across countries. The main argument presented here is that constitutional reforms have made Latin American judges more prone to prosecute the military for past human right violations because judges now enjoy more independence from powerful Executives and the hierarchy of the judicial system has loosened, making lower court judges less dependent on their superiors. As a result, judges, especially those sympathetic to a human rights agenda, can push prosecutions more forcefully than they could before.La justicia postransicional se inició en el Cono Sur de América Latina a mediados de la década de 1990 y gradualmente se ha expandido a otros países que buscan afrontar violaciones de derechos humanos cometidas durante los regímenes autoritarios que dominaron el continente desde la década de 1970 hasta inicios de la década de 1990. Para diferenciar los juicios de la transición de los juicios que se llevaron a cabo años después durante la fase de consolidación democrática, este artículo desarrolla un marco teórico que explica las variaciones en la tendencia a juzgar a los militares por graves violaciones de derechos humanos (por ejemplo, el número de juicios a lo largo del tiempo y entre países. El argumento principal que aquí se presenta es que las reformas constitucionales han hecho que los jueces latinoamericanos sean más propensos a perseguir

  10. Mitos sobre agroecologia.

    Canuto, João Carlos

    2011-01-01

    O presente ensaio vem a discutir alguns aspectos do discurso sobre a Agroecologia, procurando evidenciar contradições do senso comum, advindas seja de parte da comunidade leiga, dos meios de comunicação ou da comunidade científica. Coloca em debate alguns mitos sobre os sistemas agroecológicos, tais como: que sejam tecnologicamente retrógrados, de baixa produtividade, exigentes em mão-de-obra, economicamente inviáveis e “puramente ideológicos”.

  11. Inferencias sobre Grafos

    Sira M. Allende; Carlos N. Bouza

    2002-01-01

    El estudio de un juego puede ser modelado asumiendo que solo algunas partidas son observadas. Entonces el árbol del juego debe ser estimado utilizando información muestral. Similarmente ocurre al obtener información sobre el comportamiento de las decisiones tomadas por individuos muestreados sobre un árbol de decisión teórico. Al considerar una medida de probabilidad que caracterice el comportamiento de redes aleatorias se puede obtener un estimado del árbol asociado. Este problema es el anal...

  12. Ausencia de mujeres negras en los estudios sobre discapacidades humanas

    Mena Ortiz, Luz Zaret

    2012-01-01

    Una investigación intencionalmente organizada para dar cuenta de la realidad vivida por las mujeres negras en situación de discapacidad pasa por rescatar el pensamiento y el activismo de las mujeres en el movimiento afro en la medida en que dicho movimiento, tan diverso en su accionar como en sus registros y alcances históricos, ha sido elaborado al vaivén de los debates locales, nacionales e internacionales centrados en la cuestión étnico-racial negra, afrodescendiente, palenquera y raizal. ...

  13. Judicial review in the Republic of Korea: an introduction

    Rodrigo González Quintero

    2010-01-01

    En la República de Corea, tras casi cuarenta años de disposiciones de rango constitucional en las que se consagraba el control constitucional, la Constitución de 1987 estableció un sistema efectivo de poderes de control constitucional otorgados a la Corte Constitucional. Además de revisar la constitucionalidad de las leyes, la Corte tiene la autoridad para decidir sobre la disolución de partidos políticos, la destitución de altos funcionarios, conflictos de competencia, recursos de protección...

  14. REGULACIÓN DE LA TECNOLOGÍA INFORMÁTICA AL SERVICIO DE LA RAMA JUDICIAL: NECESIDAD, REALIDAD O ILUSIÓN

    Ana María Mesa Elneser

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo da cuenta de la regulación en el ordenamiento jurídico colombiano sobre el funcionamiento de la rama judicial por medios electrónicos como una forma de hacer efectivo el cumplimiento de principios procesales como la gratuidad, garantismo y agilidad en la búsqueda efectiva del funcionamiento del aparato judicial. La necesidad de avance tecnológico informático al servicio de la Rama Judicial no ha sido soportado desde una política de gobierno generadora de proyectos e inversión que materialicen lainclusión del mundo tecnológico informático en la administración de justicia,más aún, no existe desarrollo legal que permita adelantar un proceso legal por medios electrónicos, salvo la modificación a los artículos 315 y 320 de la ley 794 de 2003, con la inclusión de la notificación electrónica, avance normativo que a la fecha no se tiene en funcionamiento, volviendo la disposición letra muerta, en contraste con el acelerado desarrollo del comercio y el creciente surgimiento de empresas virtuales del tipo de establecimientos de comercio y sociedades comerciales, las cuales tienen su domicilio deoperación comercial, no en una dirección física sino electrónica.

  15. A verdade e a justiça constituem finalidades do processo judicial?

    Soraya Gasparetto Lunardi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo examina a tese segundoa qual o processo judicial objetiva encontrara decisão justa, constatando a verdade dosfatos e a verdadeira interpretação do direito. Essaafirmação é desconstruída através de referênciasao direito brasileiro e a estudos filosóficos sobreos conceitos de justiça e de verdade, sustentandoque finalidade do processo judicial é resolver conflitossociais de maneira civilizada com base emregras previamente estabelecidas.This paper examines the thesis thatthe judicial process aims to find the rightdecision, finding the truth of the facts and thetrue interpretation of law. This thesis isdeconstructed through references to Brazilianlaw and to philosophical studies on truth andjustice. Our thesis is that the judicial processaims to resolve social conflicts in a civilizedway, on the basis of previously establishedrules.

  16. Síndrome de alienación parental y derechos de los niños o como violentar el derecho a la palabra de los niños en el proceso judicial

    Angelini, Silvio O.

    2013-01-01

    En el presente trabajo nos abocaremos a trabajar sobre el denominado Síndrome de Alienación Parental y cómo dicho concepto violenta el derecho de los niños a la palabra, a ser escuchados en todo proceso administrativo y/o judicial y que lo que exprese sea tomado en cuenta, tal como lo expresa la Convención Internacional de los Derechos del Niño, sancionada por la Naciones Unidas en 1989 e incorporada al texto constitucional nacional en la reforma de 1994. Para ello haremos una revisión de ...

  17. Judicialização da política e controle judicial de políticas públicas Judicialization of politics and the judicial review of public policies

    Estefânia Maria de Queiroz Barboza

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a judicialização da política demonstrando que não se trata apenas de um fenômeno brasileiro, mas de algo comum a diversos países ocidentais. Esse movimento tem sofrido severas críticas, que questionam a sua legitimidade e apontam o esvaziamento da esfera política. Em contraponto, é traçado um paralelo com a doutrina da autorrestrição judicial, a qual defende que as questões políticas devem ser enfrentadas pelos poderes eleitos. Por fim, procura-se demonstrar, por meio da análise de decisões do STF e do STJ, como o Poder Judiciário brasileiro tem se manifestado em questões de políticas públicas, de modo a realizar os direitos fundamentais plasmados na Carta de 1988.This paper aims to analyze the so-called judicialization of politics, showing that it is not just a Brazilian experience, but a common one in several Western countries. This movement has been very criticized concerning its political legitimacy and the exhaustion of political sphere. from the other hand the article analyzes the theory of judicial restraint, which defends that political questions should be decided by elected powers. Finally, it demonstrates through the analysis of Brazilian Supreme Court's (STF decisions and other Courts decisions such as STJ how Brazilian Judicial Power has faced issues of public policies in order to enforce basic rights present in the Brazilian Constitution of 1988.

  18. Juizados Especiais e Ativismo Judicial à Luz de Luis Alberto Warat

    Zenildo Bodnar; Márcio Ricardo Staffen

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses, in a punctual way, some reflections on the judicial activism in the Special Courts camp. It seeks to evaluate the existence of a place for the conciliator in the stir that permeates the procedural and substantial models of legal proceedings. For this, as theoretical references, the postulates of Luis Alberto Warat are used, in order to overcome such dyad in favor of an effective judicial protection, without following the ways of the Free Movement of Law and Instrumenta...

  19. Peculiarities of the reasoning of judicial decisions in Brazil: the new Civil procedure Code

    WAMBIER TERESA ARRUDA ALVIM

    2014-01-01

    This paper deals with a relevant topic: the reasoning of a judicial decision as a requirement for its validity. In fact, this need is typical of democracies. In democracies, authorities have to justify their decisions which interfere in private lives. Decisions have to be reasoned also because they are, as a rule, appealable. What is challenged in an appeal is precisely the reasoning / motivation of judicial decisions.The main novelty in this context is a provision which exists in a Brazilian...

  20. A Cayman Islands Perspective on Transborder Insolvencies and Bankruptcies: The Case for Judicial Co-Operation

    Anthony Smellie

    2012-01-01

    The freedom of movement of capital in the modern global economy has been indispensable to the development of international corporate enterprise. This paper argues that the judicial and legal institutions of states are as essential to the stability of the global economy as the traditionally heralded international economic channels that have been so carefully crafted globally. In fact, in the sphere of trans-border insolvency and bankruptcy, judicial and legal institutions could be perceived as...

  1. PROCEDURAL INDEPENDENCE OF THE INVESTIGATOR AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

    Betsukhov A. Z.

    2014-01-01

    Judicial review is a necessary and sufficient guarantee of the rights and legitimate interests of participants in criminal proceedings. The only judicial control over the investigation of crimes will expand unreasonably narrowed the boundaries of procedural autonomy and independence of the investigator, will enhance the efficiency, agility pre-trial proceedings. These and other problems were considered by the author from the perspective of theory and practice, as well as in the aggregate of r...

  2. The Evaluation of the Practical Implementation of Social Justice by the Judicial System of State

    Marţian Iovan

    2015-01-01

    Based on a sociological research, the author of this article aims to identify the beliefs and the attitudes of a group of BA and MA students enrolled in university programs of Juridical Science, regarding their apprehension of the principles of justice - as the central value of the Romanian judicial system. This would contribute to the implementation of justice in the actual Romanian economic, political, and judicial structure. The data analysis provides the necessary information for comprehe...

  3. „Fraud in Judicial System‟ as a Language Crime: Forensic Linguistics Approach

    Negar Momeni

    2012-01-01

    Forensic linguistics is a discipline coordinated with legal goals in the judicial system, focusing on all branches of linguistics including phonetics, semantics, discourse etc. This science is not so known in Iran; whereas, it can have a lot of applications in judicial system. Fraud is a kind of crime in which language plays a central role in forming. There are three conditions in forming of fraud: first; dishonest tools to cheat others, second; victim’s lack of knowledge about dishones...

  4. Public scientific expertise and judicial risks: the case of radon

    In France, radon has emerged as a public health issue mainly at the initiative of scientists. Even if public authorities have set up an embryo of regulations, for a long time scientists faced the radon issue alone, in producing knowledge, informing about their results, providing advice to public authorities, various bodies and individuals, and in participating in the process of technical standardisation. These functions are identified in the paper in order to sketch out a typology of different situations, formal and informal, in which researchers transformed into experts are called to collaborate. During their missions, experts are exposed to 'judicial risks', particularly in terms of civil liability or 'professional' responsibility and even criminal responsibility. They face legal difficulties because of the lack of a legal framework for public scientific expertise. The situation is confused: there is a growing will to involve scientific experts in decision-making in the field of public health, especially when the precautionary principle is at stake, and in parallel, no real materialisation of this expertise in terms of regulations, which puts on experts' shoulders some new responsibilities. Moreover we can observe a generalised increase in the attribution of blame and penal responsibility in French society which make the position of all actors involved more uncomfortable. We know that radon, as a domestic risk, is particular in many ways. Nevertheless, it can be used in an analysis of scientists' roles/actions and of the legal difficulties they face, to illustrate appropriately the problems that arise as expertise is developed about new risks. (author)

  5. CONTROL JUDICIAL, REFORMA CONSTITUCIONAL Y DIÁLOGO INSTITUCIONAL. APUNTES CRÍTICOS AL MODELO COLOMBIANO DESDE UNA PERSPECTIVA DELIBERATIVA

    Andrés Díaz del Castillo Longas

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En este escrito se expondrán algunos rasgos característicos de la lógica institucional de los frenos y contrapesos en Colombia, a partir de la interacción que se presenta entre los ámbitos representativos y los ámbitos jurisdiccionales del poder Estatal, en razón de la actuación del control judicial de constitucionalidad y de la reforma constitucional en sede legislativa. Se argumentará que la lógica de esa interacción, aunque puede optimizar la acción de controles más o menos efectivos para evitar el decisionismo, lo hace a costa de limitar la eficacia de otros principios también valiosos para el sistema constitucional, como la legitimidad democrática y la colaboración armónica.Con base en ello, se sugerirá que una revisión crítica de algunas de las normas de distribución de competencia entre los órganos del poder público podría arrojar argumentos relevantes para la discusión sobre procedimientos de decisión más democráticos, en clave deliberativa.

  6. Los procesos ante los juzgados de violencia sobre la mujer

    Laguna Pontanilla, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    La entrada en vigor de la "Ley Organica 1/2004, de 28 de diciembre, de Medidas de Protección integral contra la Violencia de Género, generó desde su origen graves críticas, a nivel ideológico, dogmático y doctrinal, y una compleja y heterogénea problemática en la práctica judicial que cristalizó en diversas cuestiones interpretativas que plantea la aplicación práctica de la Ley Integral a diario en los proxcesos seguidos ante los juzgados de Violencia sobre la Mujer. La tesis aborda la neces...

  7. Judicial review in the Republic of Korea: an introduction

    Rodrigo González Quintero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En la República de Corea, tras casi cuarenta años de disposiciones de rango constitucional en las que se consagraba el control constitucional, la Constitución de 1987 estableció un sistema efectivo de poderes de control constitucional otorgados a la Corte Constitucional. Además de revisar la constitucionalidad de las leyes, la Corte tiene la autoridad para decidir sobre la disolución de partidos políticos, la destitución de altos funcionarios, conflictos de competencia, recursos de protección de derechos individuales. Los poderes antes enunciados han dado a la Corte una posición especial dentro del sistema democrático de Corea del Sur, habilitándola para ampliar el significado de la Constitución y extender su protección respecto de la cotidianidad de los ciudadanos.

  8. Inferencias sobre Grafos

    Sira M. Allende

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de un juego puede ser modelado asumiendo que solo algunas partidas son observadas. Entonces el árbol del juego debe ser estimado utilizando información muestral. Similarmente ocurre al obtener información sobre el comportamiento de las decisiones tomadas por individuos muestreados sobre un árbol de decisión teórico. Al considerar una medida de probabilidad que caracterice el comportamiento de redes aleatorias se puede obtener un estimado del árbol asociado. Este problema es el analizado en este trabajo. Algunos resultados experimentales obtenidos usando Recocido Simulado ilustran el procedimiento. Su papel en el estudio de modelos económicos y de mercadeo es discutido.

  9. Escrito sobre el cuerpo

    Antonio Malalana Ureña

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El catálogo, en una edición bilingüe español-inglés, es una pequeña guía de la exposición Shirin Neshat. Escrito sobre el cuerpo, muestra que se integra dentro de los actos de PHOTOESPAÑA13, el festival internacional de fotografía y artes visuales. El esquema del libro es sencillo y los textos son extremadamente divulgativos. El primero de ellos, Escrito sobre el cuerpo (pp. 10-15, cuyo autor es Octavio Zaya, comisario de la exposición, resume la trayectoria de esta intelectual, que "interactúa" con la fotografía y los formatos audiovisuales, y nos presenta la argumentación narrativa de los documentos expuestos, contextualizando la obra recopilada.

  10. Estudios sobre Borges

    Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación

    1991-01-01

    Contenidos de la obra: De Barthes a Pierre Menard | José Luis De Diego Pierre Menard, autor del Quijote: De la poligrafía al fraude | Andrea Cucatto Homenaje a Roberto Arlt: La otra cara de la moneda | Fabio Espósito Emma a través del espejo: Una lectura de Emma Zunz | Graciela Beatriz Goldchluk Sobre el concepto de verdad en Borges | Sergio Pastormerlo

  11. Sobre genes y electrones

    Martín Pereda, José Antonio

    1992-01-01

    El autor reflexiona sobre un artículo publicado en una revista, en el que se pronosticaba un declive para los científicos dedicados a la física y la ciencia armamentística, debido al fin de la guerra fría, y un ascenso al poder de los biólogos y de todos aquellos relacionados con las ciencias y las tecnologías de la vida.

  12. Conversaciones con profesionales sobre la violencia de género en España

    Abascal Monedero, Pablo José; Nieto Morales, Concepción

    2012-01-01

    En los últimos tiempos se ha tomado conciencia social sobre el grave problema que supone la violencia de género, pasando de ser un problema privado a convertirse en un problema público. Han surgido especialidades profesionales que trabajan para superar este problema desde el ámbito educativo y académico, policial, judicial, social, psicológico, etc. Conocer la opinión de los distintos profesionales que intervienen en estos temas es básica para acometer nuevas reformas que conduzcan a eliminar...

  13. Democracia e controle jurídico da constitucionalidade Democracy and judicial review

    Samuel Freeman

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo enfrenta a objeção à "revisão judicial" (isto é a autoridade judicial para julgar a constitucionalidade dos atos dos poderes da República que a considera uma instituição antidemocrática. A revisão judicial pode ser democraticamente justificada. Para isso teremos que pensá-la como um compromisso coletivo prévio assumido pelos cidadãos na situação de escolha constitucional, no sentido de que não exercerão seus direitos políticos iguais de formas que coloquem em risco sua própria condição de portadores dos direitos da cidadania igual.Objections to the institution of judicial review as being incompatible with democracy are examined and refuted. Judicial review can be democratically justified, it is argued. This is possible if we conceive it as a previous collective compromise assumed by the citizens in the constitutional choice situation, to the effect that they would not exercise their equal political rights in ways that could put in danger their own condition of bearers of equal citizenship rights.

  14. [The thesis of judicialization of health care by the elites: medication for mucopolysaccharidosis].

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Diniz, Debora; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

    2013-04-01

    This paper evaluates the hypothesis that the judicialization of medicine for mucopolysaccharidosis in Brazil is an action promoted by economic elites. Previous studies upholding the thesis of judicialization by elites in the case of other types of medication that are more costly for the Unified Health Service are discussed. An analysis of all 196 processes containing information about judicial processes brought to court between February 2006 and December 2010 that ended by determining that the State should provide such medication free of charge to patients was conducted. There is evidence that attorneys' fees were covered by entities interested in the results of judicialization, such as the distributors or pharmaceutical industries. Patients may also be migrating for diagnosis and treatment to university centers that are a benchmark for medical innovation in the country, as the option for public health services is related to their higher technical and scientific capacity. Therefore, the resort to private lawyers, indicators of social exclusion based on the address of patients and the use of public health services, are not adequate class information to corroborate or refute the thesis of judicialization by the elites. PMID:23670386

  15. Sexual Diversity in the Judiciary in England and Wales; Research on Barriers to Judicial Careers

    Leslie J. Moran

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Debates about the diversity of the judiciary in the UK have been dominated by gender, race and ethnicity. Sexuality is notable by its absence and is perceived to pose particular challenges. It is usually missing from the list of diversity categories. When present, its appearance is nominal. One effect of this has been a total lack of official data on the sexual composition of the judiciary. Another is the gap in research on the barriers to the goal of a more sexually diverse judiciary. In 2008 the Judicial Appointment Commission (JAC for England and Wales undertook research to better understand the challenges limiting progress towards judicial diversity. A central gaol of the project was to investigate barriers to application for judicial appointment across different groups defined by “sex, ethnicity and employment status”. Sexual orientation was again noticeable by its absence. Its absence was yet another missed opportunity to recognise and take seriously this strand of diversity. This study is based on a response to that absence. A stakeholder organisation, InterLaw Diversity Forum for lesbian gay bisexual and transgender networks in the legal services sector, with the JAC’s approval, used their questionnaire and for the first time asked lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender lawyers about the perceptions and experiences of barriers to judicial appointment. This paper examines the findings of that unique research and considers them in the light of the initial research on barriers to judicial appointment and subsequent developments.

  16. Insecurity in Contemporary Nigeria: Useful Lessons of Judicial Administration in the Old Ondo Province as a Panacea

    AFE, Adedayo Emmanuel Ph.D

    2013-01-01

    The people of Old Ondo Province have for long appreciated the role of stable life as indispensable to the overall growth of the society. To maintain this, the people resorted to modern judicial administration, taking redress in court of justice instead of taking law into their hands. This paper, therefore, examines how judicial administration was a panacea for insecurity in the Old Ondo Province, 1914-1954. The judicial system curtailed gradation of courts which encouraged effective litigatio...

  17. Bromadiolona: un caso judicial relacionado con la muerte de abejas Bromadiolone: a judicial case related to bees death

    Guillermo Pablo Salinas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Como resultado de una investigación impulsada por la justicia, se analizaron muestras provenientes de un posible derrame intencional de plaguicidas sobre colmenas con abejas. En los análisis realizados se utilizó GC-MS previa extracción con solventes orgánicos. Debido a dificultades iniciales en la identificación de plaguicidas sobre tres de las muestras, se procedió al reprocesamiento de los cromatogramas utilizando selección de las relaciones de masas m/z 158, 173 y 143. Utilizando es herramienta analítica se obtuvieron los correspondientes cromatogramas, y los espectros de masas con coincidencia frente al divulgado para el producto de descomposición de bromadiolona (PDB, determinando que tanto las abejas como las colmenas habían tenido contacto con bromadiolona (3-[3-(4'-bromobifenil-4-il- 3-hidroxi-1-fenilpropil]-4- hidroxicumarina, un anticoagulante cumarínico de utilización agraria para combatir roedores, que parece ser prácticamente no tóxico para las abejas según informes internacionales. Se observó que en la literatura no se halla propuesta una estructura química definida para el PDB, lo cual podría constituir el fundamento para encarar trabajos futuros con el fin de elucidar el comportamiento de la droga madre en el contexto del caso.As a result of an investigation boosted by ordinary justice, samples from a probable deliberate spill of pesticide over bees and hives were analyzed. Solvent extractions and then GC-MS were used to perform the tests. Due to difficulties since the beginning in pesticide identification upon three samples, chromatograms were reprocessed using mass selection at m/z 158, 173 y 143 mass rates. The correspondent chromatograms were gathered by these analytical tool, and their mass spectrums were found coincident with the previously reported as bromadiolone decomposition product (BDP, showing that hives as well as bees had been in contact with bromadiolone (3-[3-(4'-bromobiphenyl-4-yl- 3-hydroxy

  18. Apuntes sobre liderazgo

    Contreras, Manuel E.

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta una breve síntesis de las principales teorías de liderazgo y se centra sobre el enfoque de liderazgo adaptativo de Ronald Heifetz. El documento originalmente fue desarrollado para las sesiones de educación a distancia de INDES. Ha sido revisado para usar en otros ámbitos de capacitación y ha sido utilizado en sesiones presenciales llevadas a cabo por INDES, como por otras entidades en universidades y centros de capacitación de America Latina.

  19. Informe APEI sobre movilidad

    Arroyo Vázquez, Natalia

    2011-01-01

    Este informe incluye una amplia aproximación al concepto de movilidad, desde un punto de vista introductorio, que nunca antes en nuestro ámbito había abarcado todos los aspectos que tienen que ver con él, desde cuestiones técnicas como los dispositivos móviles, sistemas operativos y navegadores, conectividad y estándares —cuya intención es poder comprender todos aquellos aspectos relacionados con la movilidad y que tienen una incidencia directa sobre los contenidos— hasta otras más relacionad...

  20. Sobre historia mundial hoy

    Vera Weiler

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Los procesos de globalización son una realidad; su enorme impacto sobre la vida humana los ha convertido en un tema recurrente sobre el que se escribe y se comenta a diario también en Colombia. Los libros que de ellos tratan, ante todo los que 10 hacen en tono crítico, baten records en la industria editorial en todo el mundo. Las expectativas que acerca del futuro abrigan cientos de millones de personas se relacionan con 10 que ellas esperan, para bien o para mal, de la globalización. Las posturas que los gobernantes ocupan al respecto en el mundo son, cuando menos de aceptación, generalmente de activa participación en pos de la globalización. Por un lado, crece la preocupación y se multiplican las protestas; por el otro, dominan los razonamientos de los especialistas en materia de maximización de los rendimientos de los capitales que presentan la globalización, al estilo que se viene imponiendo, como el camino ineludible del gobierno universal de la eficiencia. ¿Tienen que decir algo los historiadores frente a todo esto?.

  1. ATIVISMO JUDICIAL, EFETIVIDADE DOS DIREITOS SOCIAIS E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA DEMOCRACIA NO BRASIL

    Sérgio Cabral dos Reis

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOTrata-se de artigo que pretende enfatizar as balizas do paradigma do Estado Democrático de Direito, principalmente quanto ao vínculo entre o princípio da solidariedade, a eficácia dos direitos sociais e o desenvolvimento da democracia no Brasil, país que, sabidamente, apesar de figurar entre as grandes economias do mundo, padece de forte quadro de exclusão social. Em decorrência desse fato, bem como do déficit de representatividade popular e descompromisso constitucional por parte dos Poderes Legislativo e Executivo, evidencia-se a atuação do Judiciário quanto à realização de políticas públicas que, na prática, concretizem os direitos humanos previstos na Constituição e nos Tratados Internacionais, rompendo, desse modo, com as discussões abstratas inerentes ao positivismo jurídico.Palavras- chave: Ativismo judicial; Direito sociais; Democracia. JUDICIAL ACTIVISM, EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL RIGHT AND DEVELOPMENT OF DEMOCRACY IN BRAZIL ABSTRACTThe present article intends to emphasize the paradigmatic framewoks of the Democratic State of Law, especially regarding the relations between the Solidarity Principle, social rights effectiveness and democracy development in Brazil, a country which, despite its economical world status, suffers from dramatic social exclusion. Consequently, as well as because of lacking popular representativeness and Constitutional commitment from the Legislative and the Executive Powers, the Judicial Power’s performance draws attention to its public policies realization, which lead to Constitutional and International Treaty based human rights concretization and, therefore, disrupts juridic positivism inherent abstract discussions.Keywords: Judicial activism; Social law; Democracy. SUMÁRIO1. Introdução; 2. Do Estado Liberal ao Estado Democrático de Direito; 3. O princípio da solidariedade, a eficácia dos direitos sociais e a questão da legitimidade do Estado Democrático de Direito; 4. Crise

  2. An Overview Study of Performance Evaluation of Intellectual Property Administrative and Judicial Protection in China

    Xu Xingxiang; Luo Juan

    2015-01-01

    Whether IP Administrative and judicial Protection in China is good or bad depends on the evaluation of protection effects of administrative and judicial organs. In China the evaluation system of IP protection performance consists of evaluation principles, evaluation elements and evaluation methods, evaluation principles includes the principle of designing two sets of indicators, the principle of closely linking with China' s national intellectual property strategy, the principle of openness and flexibility of performance evaluation indicators,the principle of standardability of the determination of performance evaluation indicators; evaluation elements consist of evaluator, evaluation tools and objects evaluated; evaluation methods here refers to the Delphi method and the method of network questionary survey.

  3. Judicial review of arbitral awards in China: the need for reform

    Fei, Lanfang.; 费兰芳.

    2012-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is the judicial review of arbitral awards in China. Chinese arbitration law provides a distinct set of rules for reviewing international and domestic awards, which is usually referred to as the dual-track system (“Shuang Gui Zhi”). First, the judicial review standard is dual-track because international awards are subject to procedural and limited review, whereas domestic awards are subject to substantial review. Second, the review procedure is also dual-track be...

  4. Chastity and Sexual Honesty of Young Women from the Judicial Perspective

    Gustavo Fondevila

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article it is analyzed the way in which the judicial scope has outlined the acceptable sexual behavior of young women in the Mexican society. Since the beginning of the 20th century up to now, the constitutive elements of sexual crimes have served to construct a socially acceptable (moral ideal of sexuality for young people. In this sense, social judgments as much as, judicial decisions agree in defining this ideal under the form of chastity, sexual honesty and purity.

  5. LEGAL REGULATION OF THE LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY OF OFFICIALS OF JUDICIAL POWER IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE (XVIII-XIX CENTURIES

    Kurduk P. M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The legal responsibility of judicial department’s officials – one of central elements of their legal status, which main aim is raise office discipline level in system of judicial power of the pre-revolutionary Russian state

  6. The Effectiveness of Discipline/Judicial Processes on Catholic Campuses as Measured by the Rate of Recidivism

    O'Reilly, Frances L.; Evans, Roberta D.

    2007-01-01

    University and college campuses in the United States utilize disciplinary/judicial processes to help address student behavioral problems. These include administrative, majority-peer, and minority-peer processes. This descriptive research was undertaken to find which of these three discipline/judicial processes were the most effective. The…

  7. 司法话语权的机理解析%The Mechanism Resolving of Judicial Discourse Qualification

    朱前星

    2014-01-01

    So-called Judicial discourse qualification,the judicial discourse qualification is subject to court of expression in the judicial process,judicial voice is subject to court,judgment of the case to express their interests enjoyed by the judicial process,and the requirements of the discourse. In this article, to define“justice”by trial argument and define“judicial authority”by argument of the Court, define“jurisdiction”by judicial authority argument. Judicial power main body can be divided into:creative subject,general exercise subject and special subject.%所谓司法话语权,就是司法话语权主体所拥有对法院司法审判过程的言说行为权,也就是司法话语权主体对法院审理、判决案件的司法过程所享有的表达其利益、主张与要求的话语资格。本文对“司法”界定采审判说,对“司法机关”界定采法院说,对“司法权”的界定采审判权说。司法话语权主体可以分为:本源性主体、一般行使性主体和特殊行使性主体。

  8. 78 FR 49768 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure

    2013-08-15

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure AGENCY: Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure, Judicial Conference of the... on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure have proposed amendments to the following rules and...

  9. Voz sobre frame relay

    D´Elia, Gabriel Anibal

    2000-01-01

    Esta tesis trata el tema de VOFR, desde la digitalización de la voz hasta su transmisión a través de dicha red, así también como la comparación con otros medios de transporte como VOIP. Dada las características del protocolo frame relay y su disponibilidad se eligió como el medio más apropiado para la transmisión de voz y datos en forma integrada sobre una misma red. El trabajo comienza con una breve explicación de la voz, su digitalización y forma actual de transmisión a través de una red di...

  10. Excertos sobre o sedentarismo

    Alexandre Palma

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O sedentarismo tem sido tratado como algo perfeitamente determinável, objetivo e, portanto, que pode ser apreendido. Por outro lado, o conceito de sedentarismo ainda permanece questionável e, por conseguinte, os instrumentos mostram-se inconsistentes. Neste sentido, o objetivo do presente estudo foi mostrar que diferentes discursos de verdade vêm concorrendo por esse conceito, o que nos motiva a pensar qual é a verdade ou, até mesmo, se há alguma verdade sobre ele. Após apresentarmos diferentes possibilidades de compreender o sedentarismo, através do uso de aforismos, entendemos que postular um discurso como verdade talvez apenas signifique que as pessoas nele creem e que há uma vontade de verdade como uma vontade voltada para o poder.

  11. RITUALITY AS A WAY OF ACTUALIZING THE CATEGORY OF OTHERNESS WITHIN THE JUDICIAL DISCOURSE

    Bogomazova Viktoriya Vladimirovna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the rituality as one of the ways of actualizing the category of otherness within the judicial discourse, in general, and the court session, in particular. The author analyzes the relevant features of rituality in the judicial discourse, reveals the categorical connection between the rituality and otherness, the speech means which actualize their interaction. The author gives examples illustrating the actualization of the concept by means of rituality in the texts of court sessions' records. In addition, the author identifies the main communicative strategies and tactics used by the participants of judicial discourse. They serve as a means of expressing the analyzed categories. It is shown that a convict often uses the communicative strategy of self-defense, a defender and/or lawyer – the communicative strategy of defense or psychological impact, the prosecutor often appeals to the strategy of accusation and psychological impact. The author makes conclusion that the ritual character of judicial communication as a whole contributes to the distinction of discourse participants according to the features of "friend" and "enemy" thus actualizing the category of otherness.

  12. Administrative Judicial Rhetoric: The Supreme Court's New Thesis of Political Morality.

    Makau, Josina M.; Lawrence, David

    1994-01-01

    Analyzes judicial rhetoric in U.S. Supreme Court civil liberties cases. Finds three related inventional strands: a rhetoric of efficiency, an evolving reasonableness standard, and appeals to tradition and majoritarian morality. Shows how these rhetorical turns have redefined the Court's role and transformed the Court from the guardian of…

  13. Does Avoiding Judicial Isolation Outweigh the Risks Related to “Professional Death by Facebook”?

    Karen Eltis

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available What happens when judges, in light of their role and responsibilities, and the scrutiny to which they are subjected, fall prey to a condition known as the “online disinhibition effect”? More importantly perhaps, what steps might judges reasonably take in order to pre-empt that fate, proactively addressing judicial social networking and its potential ramification for the administration of justice in the digital age? The immediate purpose of this article is to generate greater awareness of the issues specifically surrounding judicial social networking and to highlight some practical steps that those responsible for judicial training might consider in order to better equip judges for dealing with the exigencies of the digital realm. The focus is on understanding how to first recognize and then mitigate privacy and security risks in order to avoid bringing justice into disrepute through mishaps, and to stave off otherwise preventable incidents. This paper endeavors to provide a very brief overview of the emerging normative framework pertinent to the judicial use of social media, from a comparative perspective, concluding with some more practical (however preliminary recommendations for more prudent and advised ESM use.

  14. Judicious Use of Journal Impact Factors and the Preservation of Our Fields of Study

    Cardinal, Bradley J.

    2013-01-01

    This article comments on the judicious use of journal impact factors. It aims to preserve our fields of study within the context of increased scholarly scrutiny and the hierarchical structures inherent in academia. It concludes by recommending actions for "JOPERD," other journals in the field, and the producers and evaluators of…

  15. Judicial bypass of parental consent for abortion: characteristics of pregnant minor "Jane Doe's".

    Friedman, Susan Hatters; Hendrix, Todd; Haberman, Jessica; Jain, Abhishek

    2015-06-01

    Pregnant minors can obtain an abortion without parental consent through a judicial bypass procedure in 38 states. To grant such a petition in Ohio, the Court must determine that the young woman is either "sufficiently mature and well enough informed to intelligently decide whether to have an abortion," or that notification of her parents is "not in her best interest," usually due to abuse. For the sake of anonymity in these emotionally and politically charged cases, the evaluee is referred to as "Jane Doe." This project sought to describe characteristics of teenagers seeking judicial bypass for abortion, which have not been well described in the scientific literature. Data were collected from Jane Doe evaluations completed at a metropolitan juvenile court psychiatric clinic, over 3 years. The mean age of the evaluees (N = 55) was 16.4 years. The vast majority (95%) were granted a judicial bypass. They usually had long-term boyfriends of comparable age. They had often told trusted adults about their pregnancy, though not their parents, due to concerns of violence or being excluded from the family. This study presents the first comprehensive description of characteristics of minors seeking judicial bypasses for abortion. Psychiatrists may apply general principles of informed consent in such evaluations, including ascertaining whether the decision is being made voluntarily, knowingly, and with sufficient decision-making capacity. PMID:26034870

  16. Medical negligence liability under the consumer protection act: A review of judicial perspective

    Joga Rao, S. V.

    2009-01-01

    It is important to know what constitutes medical negligence. A doctor owes certain duties to the patient who consults him for illness. A deficiency in this duty results in negligence. A basic knowledge of how medical negligence is adjudicated in the various judicial courts of India will help a doctor to practice his profession without undue worry about facing litigation for alleged medical negligence.

  17. 31 CFR 500.504 - Certain judicial proceedings with respect to property of designated nationals.

    2010-07-01

    ... respect to property of designated nationals. 500.504 Section 500.504 Money and Finance: Treasury... § 500.504 Certain judicial proceedings with respect to property of designated nationals. (a) Subject to... with respect to property in which on or since the “effective date” there has existed the interest of...

  18. 31 CFR 515.504 - Certain judicial proceedings with respect to property of designated nationals.

    2010-07-01

    ... respect to property of designated nationals. 515.504 Section 515.504 Money and Finance: Treasury... § 515.504 Certain judicial proceedings with respect to property of designated nationals. (a) Subject to... with respect to property in which on or since the “effective date” there has existed the interest of...

  19. 5 CFR 1201.161 - Action by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; judicial review.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Action by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; judicial review. 1201.161 Section 1201.161 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES Procedures for Cases Involving Allegations of Discrimination Review of...

  20. In Defense of Dirty Words: The Case against Judicial Censorship in Oral Interpretation Events.

    Kugler, Drew B.

    Within the realm of forensic oral interpretation, concern over the use of profanity in presentations has aroused repressive criticism from some judges, who then express their offense by ranking the performance negatively. This judicial opposition is deleterious not only to the precepts of oral interpretation, but also--in a larger sense--to the…

  1. 77 FR 76072 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure; Federal...

    2012-12-26

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure... States, Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of Open Hearing. SUMMARY: The following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of...

  2. The process of interruption in Spanish judicial contexts. A pragmalinguistic approach / El proceso de interrupción en los contextos judidicales españoles

    Susana Ridao Rodrigo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este artículo nuestros objetivos se basan en analizar los contextos judiciales españoles desde una perspectiva pragmalingüística; más específicamente queremos hacer una contribución a los distintos estudios sobre el fenómeno de la (descortesía, en particular en el proceso de interrupción. El género del interrogatorio judicial se caracteriza por un cambio de hablante muy rápido, por ello creemos interesante analizar este género enfocando nuestra atención en las interrupciones. Así, después de una pequeña introducción, comentamos estudios que están relacionados con este tema y ofrecemos una sistematización de las interrupciones más peculiares que tienen lugar en los contextos legales, basando nuestra argumentación en la taxonomía ofrecida en Bañón (1997. Finalizamos el artículo con una conclusión general: las interrupciones que tienen lugar durante los interrogatorios se consideran más o menos descorteses en función del papel del interruptor.Summary: In this paper our aims are based on the analysis of Spanish judicial contexts from a pragmalinguistic perspective; more specifically we want to make a contribution to the various studies on the phenomenon of (impoliteness, particularly the process of interruption. The genre of judicial interrogation is characterized by a rapid change of speaker, so we believe it interesting to analyse this genre focusing our attention on interruptions. Thus, after a brief introduction, we comment on studies that are related to the topic and we offer a systematization of more peculiar interruptions that take place in legal contexts, basing our argument on Bañón's taxonomy (1997. We end the paper with a general conclusion: Interruptions which occur during interrogations are considered rather rude depending on the role of the interrupter.

  3. The Judicialization of (Separation of Powers Politics: Lessons from Chile La judicialización de la (separación de poderes política: Lecciones de Chile

    Druscilla L. Scribner

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Most analyses of the judicialization of politics focus on judicial policy-making and rights creation; however when judicialization of politics unfolds in a separation of powers political context courts are also involved in distributing power. The task of power delineation among branches of government is different from policy-making or rights adjudication. Judicializing political disputes about power gives courts the opportunity to alter the balance of institutional power, to create stronger executives (or legislatures and a stronger (or weaker role for themselves. To illustrate these points, this article examines how the Chilean Constitutional Tribunal (TC adjudicated a specific type of separation of powers conflict between the Legislature and the Executive from 1990-2005. The analysis of the TC doctrine overtime highlights how the TC has shifted the balance of power in the policy-making process and augmented its influence within the political system. La mayoría de los análisis de la judicialización de la política se centran en la creación judicial de políticas y derechos. Sin embargo, cuando la judicialización de la política se desarrolla en un contexto institucional de separación de poder, los tribunales también están involucrados en la distribución de poder. La tarea de delimitación de poder entre los poderes del Estado es diferente de la formulación de políticas o adjudicación de los derechos. Judicialización de las disputas políticas sobre el poder confiere a los tribunales la oportunidad de alterar el equilibrio de poder institucional, para crear ejecutivos (o legislaturas más fuertes y un papel para los tribunales altos más dinámico (o débil. Para ilustrar estos puntos, este artículo examina cómo el Tribunal Constitucional Chileno (TC adjudicó un tipo de conflicto específico entre los poderes legislativo y ejecutivo desde 1990 hasta 2005. Un análisis de la jurisprudencia “ley vs. reglamento” del Tribunal

  4. Public Litigation and the Concept of “Deference” in Judicial Review

    Abraham Klaasen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Constitutional Court is the highest court in all constitutional matters and thus decides appeals from other courts in disputes involving natural and juristic persons and the state, including criminal matters, if the matter is a constitutional matter or an issue connected with a decision on a constitutional matter. The Court may hear any matter, if the Constitutional Court grants leave to appeal because the matter raises an arguable point of law of general public importance that ought to be considered by that court. The Constitution makes it clear that courts are independent and subject only to the Constitution and the law. All persons to whom and organs of state to which a court order or decision applies are bound by it. It is important that the courts employ a standard of judicial review that is compatible with constitutional principles and values. The Constitutional Court subscribes to a standard of “deference” in judicial review. This principle recognises the need to protect the institutional character of each of the three arms of government in a manner that will prevent their ability to discharge their constitutional role being undermined. The principle of deference concerns the function of the judge in mediating between the law and legislative and executive politics. Around the world, litigation or judicial review has become immensely popular as a treatment for the pains of modern governance. South Africa is no exception to this phenomenon. This activism by litigation consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental change, or stasis. Organisations and individuals often disregard or distrust the political process and approach the courts to advance their own interest and to protect their own rights. Litigants seek to enforce constitutional principles and values that affect others as directly as them and that are valued for moral or political reasons and are independent of economic

  5. Sobre el nombre "Quechua"

    Rodolfo Cerrón-Palomino

    1985-06-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los primeros problemas con el que a menudo tropiezael estudioso de los idiomas ágrafos, como es el caso de las lenguasaborígenes de América, es el de su denominación (glotónimo.En la medida ,en que, por razones históricas, las noticias sobretales lenguas, y por consiguiente los primeros estudios sobre lasmismas, surgen a partir del contacto con los miembros de la civilización occidental, los nombres de los distintos idiomas, así comode los grupos étnicos que los manejan, son el resultado casi siempre arbitrario cie designaciones fortuitas hechas por viajeros, misiioneros y exploradores, quienes por lo general se basan, para ello, bien en descripciones físicas de los grupo étnicos, en ciertos indios geográficos que constituyen el habitat de los mismos, e incluso en prejuicios que se nutren de un marcado europocentrismo.

  6. Refletindo sobre idosos institucionalizado

    Cenir Gonçalves Tier

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva que teve por objetivo identificar como vem sendo o relacionamento idoso-família, identificando os motivos que levaram os familiares a optarem pela institucionalização do seu idoso, obtendo-se também a visão da família sobre o cuidado no lar. Para coleta dos dados utilizou-se um instrumento com perguntas abertas. A coleta dos dados efetivou-se nos meses de agosto de 2002 a julho de 2003, sendo sujeitos da pesquisa, familiares de idosos de uma instituição asilar em um município da região noroeste do Rio Grande do Sul. Através da análise de conteúdo constatou-se que a maior dificuldade encontrada pela família, visando dispensar cuidados ao idoso é a "falta de tempo para cuidar" do seu familiar idoso, pois a maioria deles exige cuidados em tempo integral.

  7. Judicial Activism of the Court of Justice of the EU in the Pluralist Architecture of Global Law

    Cebulak, Pola

    2014-01-01

    Judicial activism implies a hidden politicization of the Court. The legal arguments and the methods used by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) might seem coherent. However, an inquiry into judicial activism means looking beyond the legal reasoning of the Court and trying to “connect the dots” of an alternative narrative that can explain the Court’s long-term approach to certain issues. In the case of judicial activism of the CJEU in the case-law concerning public international ...

  8. EL CONTROL JUDICIAL A LA ECONOMÍA: UNA CUESTIÓN DEMOCRÁTICA

    Dany Mauricio González Parra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This text discussion among economists and lawyers on judicial control in economics in order to show the democratic character of this occurs. The analysis contains three parts: (i contextualization of the debate from the beginning of distribution of powers; (ii approach the debate from two readings of the 1991 Constitution, whether it be emphasized in classical liberalism or “social” the Social State of Law in the Constitution; (iii Finally, some of the main criticisms of the constitutional control on economic issues, as well as analysis of the legitimacy and desirability of such control will be addressed. Special emphasis will be on the objection that judicial intervention in the economy would be undemocratic and the response to it may arise in the latter part

  9. The Evaluation of the Practical Implementation of Social Justice by the Judicial System of State

    Marţian Iovan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Based on a sociological research, the author of this article aims to identify the beliefs and the attitudes of a group of BA and MA students enrolled in university programs of Juridical Science, regarding their apprehension of the principles of justice - as the central value of the Romanian judicial system. This would contribute to the implementation of justice in the actual Romanian economic, political, and judicial structure. The data analysis provides the necessary information for comprehending the extensions of justice and injustice within the specific social context. A real distance between reality and the political doctrines, and the classical and post-modern philosophical theories of justice as well can be noticed. The resulting conclusions could provide solid settings in order to develop a number of strategies/public policies to shape a more honest society.

  10. Judicial control power and technico-scientific expert opinion in the atomic energy lawsuit

    Czajka, judge in the atomic energy law senate of a Higher Administrative Court, underlines the judicial control function and independence. In lawsuits on nuclear power plant issues many technical questions cannot be adequately judged by lawyers as laymen so that they must use the help of experts. If possible, Czajka wants to hear in a discussion in court experts of different opinions. The appreciation of controversial expert opinions requires of the judge a judging decision which in the end cannot be logically stated. Though this subjective element of the evaluation of evidence is inevitable, Czajka defends himself by referring to the legal protection mandate of the courts against attempts of both sides to limit the judicial inquiry into facts by legal-dogmatic considerations. (orig./HSCH)

  11. What Difference Does it Make?: Facilitative Judicial Mediation of Discrimination Cases

    Boon, A.; Karuk, V.; Urwin, P.

    2011-01-01

    Mediation is promoted by government to reduce the volume, cost and formality of dispute resolution, but evidence of these benefits is inconclusive. A number of reports have analysed mediation of contract and similar cases in the County Courts but there has been little empirical work in the employment field. This article considers the findings of an evaluation of (facilitative) judicial mediation, piloted by the Employment Tribunal Service, for discrimination cases starting between June 2006 a...

  12. Judicial Risk and Credit Market Performance: Micro Evidence from Brazilian Payroll Loans

    Ana Carla A. Costa; Joao M.P. De Mello

    2006-01-01

    A large body of literature has stressed the institution-development nexus as critical in explaining differences in countries%u2019 economic performance. The empirical evidence, however, has been mainly at the aggregate level, associating macro performance with measures of quality of institutions. This paper, by relating a judicial decision on the legality of payroll loans in Brazil to bank-level decision variables, provides micro evidence on how creditor legal protection affects market perfor...

  13. Judicial Risk and Credit Market Performance: Micro Evidence from Brazil Payroll Loans

    Ana Carla A. Costa; de Mello, João M. P.

    2006-01-01

    A large body of literature has stressed the institution-development nexus as critical in explaining differences in countries' economic performance. The empirical evidence, however, has been mainly at the aggregate level, associating macro performance with measures of quality of institutions. This paper, by relating a judicial decision on the legality of payroll debit loans in Brazil to bank-level decision variables, provides micro evidence on how creditor legal protection affects market perfo...

  14. The fallibility of memory in judicial processes: Lessons from the past and their modern consequences

    Howe, M. L.; Knott, L.

    2015-01-01

    The capability of adult and child witnesses to accurately recollect events from the past and provide reliable testimony has been hotly debated for more than one hundred years (Binet, 1900). Prominent legal cases of the 1980s and 1990s sparked lengthy debates and important research questions surrounding the fallibility and general reliability of memory. But what lessons have we learned, some forty years later, about the role of memory in the judicial system? In this review, we focus on what we...

  15. Photography : a means of surveillance ? Judicial photography, 1850 to 1900

    Jäger, Jens

    2009-01-01

    The history of police photography is commonly believed to begin in the 1850s when the first portraits of prisoners were taken. A close relationship between medical, anthropological and judicial photography is assumed. The investigation of the photographic practices in the prison and at the police reveals that the general discourse on photography was far more important for the application of photography in penal institutions. When the criminal police began to use photographs systematically in ...

  16. Uniform Civil Code- a Vociferous Judicial Claim and Reluctant Political will

    Neepa Jani

    2013-01-01

    Among the Directive Principles, Art. 44 of the Constitution of India directing the State to secure for citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India has occupied a pivotal place of conflict in respect of political ideologies and judicial activism. Though, Art. 37 of the Constitution of India mandates that the provisions contained in this part (Part-IV) shall not be enforceable by any Court, but the principles therein laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance o...

  17. EL CONTROL JUDICIAL A LA ECONOMÍA: UNA CUESTIÓN DEMOCRÁTICA

    Dany Mauricio González Parra

    2015-01-01

    This text discussion among economists and lawyers on judicial control in economics in order to show the democratic character of this occurs. The analysis contains three parts: (i) contextualization of the debate from the beginning of distribution of powers; (ii) approach the debate from two readings of the 1991 Constitution, whether it be emphasized in classical liberalism or “social” the Social State of Law in the Constitution; (iii) Finally, some of the main criticisms of the constitutional...

  18. WHITHER ISLAMIC LEGAL REASONING? The Law and Judicial Reasoning of The Religious Courts

    Ahmad Rofii

    2014-01-01

    The article analyses the judicial reasoning employed by the religious courts in giving decisions on inheritance, particularly since the promulgation of the 1991 Compilation of Islamic Law. It seeks to examine whether these courts use Islamic legal reasoning. This paper argues that the structure of the courts’ decisions is to be found in most Civil Law courts. It then offers three different approaches of reasoning employed by the religious courts in their decisions on inheritance: the use of t...

  19. Judicial Review of the Budgetary Authority during the enactment of the European Unions Budget

    Skiadas, Dimitrios V.

    2000-01-01

    This article considers the problems arising during the judicial review of the budgetary procedure in the European Union. Matters such as the jurisdiction of the ECJ, the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of all applicants as well as the grounds of review are examined in detail. Some problems of the budgetary procedure are also highlighted and there are some proposals aiming to improve the current situation.

  20. Judicial Review of the Budgetary Authority during the enactment of the European Unions Budget

    Dimitrios V. Skiadas

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the problems arising during the judicial review of the budgetary procedure in the European Union. Matters such as the jurisdiction of the ECJ, the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of all applicants as well as the grounds of review are examined in detail. Some problems of the budgetary procedure are also highlighted and there are some proposals aiming to improve the current situation.

  1. Caregivers' experiences of the South African judicial system after the reporting of child sexual abuse

    Paulsen, Nicole; Wilson, Lizane

    2013-01-01

    Child sexual abuse (CSA) is found to occur in alarming proportions worldwide. In South Africa, children represent almost half of the victims of known sexual abuse, and this is becoming a great concern even being described as silent epidemic. This research study serves as a qualitative exploration of caregivers' experiences of the South African judicial system after CSA has been reported. For the purpose of this study, the researcher used a descriptive qualitative research design so as to thor...

  2. The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: Evidence from a "Judicial Experiment"

    Hashem Dezhbakhsh; Shepherd, Joanna M.

    2003-01-01

    Does capital punishment deter capital crimes? We use panel data covering the fifty states duringthe period 1960-2000 period to examine the issue. Our study is novel in four ways. First, we estimate the moratorium's full effect by using both pre- and postmoratorium evidence. Second, we exploit the moratorium as a judicial experiment to measure criminals' responsiveness to the severity of punishment; we compare murder rates immediately before and after changes in states' death penalty laws. The...

  3. EXTENT OF JUDICIAL ACCOUNTING EXPERTISE WITHIN THE PRODUCTION OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION

    Gheorghe FATACEAN

    2013-01-01

    Within the economic and social relationships in a permanent dynamics, information plays an essential role. The current configuration of society, masked through chronic imbalances in the relationships between society and citizens, needs a decisional system mostly based on the logic of production and use of information. In this context, the accounting information resulting in the judicial accounting expertise reports play a considerable role and importance in restoring and maintaining balances ...

  4. Judicial aspects of emission trade. Emission trade in the European Union

    Emission trade will start in Europe in 2005. In a series of articles an overview will be given of several juridical aspects with respect to the international and national trade of emission. In part 1 attention was paid to the international judicial basis for the present climate policy. In this article an overview is given of developments with regard to emission trade in the European Union

  5. History matters, but how? An example of Ottoman and Habsburg legacies and judicial performance in Romania

    Mendelski, Martin; Libman, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    The paper examines the interdependence of historical legacies and current contextual factors as determinants of economic and political performance. It shows that behavioral patterns based on identical legacies could lead to very different (if not the opposite) results in regions with different contextual socioeconomic characteristics. Specifically, the paper compares the demand for litigation as an important aspect of judicial performance in two different historical and cultural regions of Ro...

  6. Observations on Judicial Approaches to Discerning Investment Adviser Status under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940

    Brian Carroll

    2015-01-01

    ENGLISH: This article analyzes judicial approaches to interpreting the definition of an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, the United States federal statute governing investment advisers. It starts by noting the role of investment advisers in the United States financial services industry and introduces the statutory definition of an investment adviser and each element of this definition. It explains briefly why adviser status is important and touches on the relation...

  7. Effective judicial protection in consumer protection in the ECJ's case law

    Sarrión Esteve, Joaquín

    2014-01-01

    The aim of my paper is to examine the effective control that ECJ exercises on national law applying the right for citizens to benefit from effective judicial protection, particularly in the matter of consumer protection. As we know, when there is not a regulation in EU law, Member States possess a procedural autonomy. However, this called procedural autonomy must respect and guarantee the exercise of UE fundamental rights. ECJ developed a relevant jurisprudence in this matter that is very ...

  8. Procedural and Substantive Judicial Review of the Right to Health in Brazil

    Ricardo Perlingeiro

    2015-01-01

    This text seeks to identify the objective and subjective aspects of rights to an existential minimum in health care, based on international parameters which, because they are restricted to the internal scope of a nation, depend on a constitutional basis and on comprehensible facts, the demonstration of which should be the responsibility of the national administrative authority. Regarding the judicial review of the minimum right to healthcare, this paper points out that it is a serious mistake...

  9. THE FEMALE ADVANTAGE: Gender and Self-presentational Strategies in the Judicial System

    Bakhshayesh, Bahareh

    2015-01-01

    Warmth and competence are two universal dimensions underlying social perception. A negative relationship exists between the two dimensions in group/person perception: the “compensation effect”, such that when two individual/groups are compared/judged, the one judged more positively on one dimension is also judged less positively on the other dimension. This study explored whether men and women use warmth and competence in a compensatory way when managing impression in a judicial context. Mode...

  10. [Interest in periodic health examinations for young people in the judicial system].

    North, S

    2003-12-01

    The Centre for Health Examinations (CES) in Roche sur Yon has experience with the Periodic Health Examinations (EPS) on population groups in fragile or disadvantaged situations and young people in the process of integration. Minors followed by the Judicial Protection of the Youth (PJJ) are in a preoccupying state of health. Professionals led a working group for reflection from two institutions working in health management. This study aims to explore the representations of young people's health under the care of the judicial system in order to evaluate the pertinence of EPS in the health course of youth in the judicial correctional system. 23 semi-directed interviews allowed the team to show that if the youth have a somatic definition of health, they are nevertheless open to a comprehensive approach to health. Their parents are unavoidable reference points. The readability of the speakers in terms of mental health remains average. The resources in health documentation are under-utilised. The treating doctor remains a special partner for health. The knowledge of social rights is insufficient. The notion of risk and the need for more information concerns the areas of drunk driving, sexuality and road rage. The EPS very logically places itself in the health course of the youth. The partnership between the health and the justice systems should be constructed in the framework of a convention between the two institutions. PMID:14964014

  11. LA REFORMA JUDICIAL Y LA BÚSQUEDA DEL ACCESO A LA JUSTICIA EN COLOMBIA

    José Luis Sánchez Cardona

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflective study on judicial reform and the quest for access to justice in Colombia, which aims to expose the importance of access to justice as a fundamental basis for all rule of law. Howe- ver, in countries like Colombia that legitimacy is questioned, because they have not been public policies that focus on removing barriers to access to justice, such as the cost of litigation, excessive forma- lism, lack education rights, geographical limitations, the power of the litigants and other barriers that plague society. These limitations are accentuated with the peculiarities of the Colombian judicial system, as it is the legal patronage and the decline of the state in certain areas of the country to dispense justice, so have become the biggest obstacle to discuss a reform of the justice that focuses on open access to the mostvulnerable persons, necessitating a discussion on the challenges of a comprehensive policy based on the citizen to enter the judicial system.

  12. Judicial Districts, Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Town of Cary NC.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. Data by this...

  13. La palabra de los “naturales” en la justicia. Posibilidades y limitaciones en el análisis de la documentación judicial referida a indígenas (Jujuy, siglo XVII

    María Cecilia Oyarzábal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se propone establecer variables de análisis en lo que respecta al rol de los indígenas en la documentación judicial colonial. En ese sentido, el corpus principal de análisis lo constituye el Pleito de los indios de Paipaya contra Francisco Salas Valdez (1671 a través del cual vislumbraremos las condiciones de producción del documento, el rol de los mediadores, la distancia cultural o la influencia de las condiciones de subordinación actuantes en el mismo. Consideramos al presente trabajo una aproximación que no pretende ser definitiva, si no abrir un panorama a la reflexión sobre la temática ya que este extenso documento nos brindará elementos de reflexión metodológica y heurística con que abordar el estudio de los indígenas a través de la fuente judicial

  14. Control judicial de la regulación económica en clave de los actos administrativos proferidos por la Comisión de Regulación de Comunicaciones (CRC

    Camilo Perdomo Villamil

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de los procesos de liberalización y los nuevos regímenes económicos a nivel constitucional, la regulación económica se posicionó como una de las principales actividades de intervención estatal sobre la economía. Esta se concibe como un instrumento técnico, neutral e independiente, diseñado para resolver las fallas del mercado y armonizar objetivos económicos y no económicos, generalmente contrapuestos. Por tanto, la cabida del control judicial es muy cuestionada, evidenciándose choques entre la garantía de acceso a la justicia de los particulares y la competencia técnica de los reguladores. Así, se efectúa un análisis material de los actos proferidos por las autoridades de regulación en clave de la extensión del principio de legalidad, y basado en las funciones asignadas a la CRC según la Ley 1341 de 2009, con el propósito de determinar los marcos, límites y alcances del control judicial.

  15. O Poder Judicial na sociedade livre The Judiciary in a free society

    Miguel Morgado

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos dias atuais multiplicam-se as discussões em torno da "crise da justiça". Porém, nas sociedades modernas esta expressão (independentemente do seu conteúdo concreto designa especificamente a crise da justiça democrática e liberal ou, pode-se ainda dizer, a crise do poder judicial na sociedade democrática e liberal. Assim, qualquer discussão acerca da "crise da justiça" parece exigir um enquadramento contextual que ajude a clarificar o lugar ocupado pelo poder judicial em sociedades como as nossas. O propósito deste artigo consiste em contribuir para elucidar qual é, do ponto de vista político e constitucional, esse contexto. A perspectiva da História do Pensamento Político é considerada como a mais útil, na medida em que permite aceder à origem dos fundamentos intelectuais que estruturam não só o poder judicial moderno, mas a sociedade moderna como um todo. Neste artigo, John Locke e Montesquieu aparecem como dois autores incontornáveis por terem dado um contributo indelével para essa dupla estruturação.There is increasing debate about the "crisis of the judiciary", although in modern societies this expression (independent from its concrete content specifically designates the crises of liberal democratic justice, or, it could be said, the crises of the judiciary in liberal and democratic society. Thus, any discussion about the "crisis of the judiciary" appears to demand a contextual framing that helps to clarify the place occupied by the judicial branch in societies such as ours. This article seeks to elucidate this context, from the political and constitutional point of view. The perspective of the History of Political Thinking is considered the most useful, to the degree to which it points to the origin of the intellectual foundation not only of modern judicial power, but of modern society as a whole. In this article, John Locke and Montesquieu are presented as two essential authors because they have made an indelible

  16. El Derecho a la Tutela Judicial y al Debido Proceso en la Jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional Chileno

    Gonzalo García Pino; Pablo Contreras Vásquez

    2013-01-01

    El texto propone un esquema conceptual que sistematiza la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno en materia del derecho a la tutela judicial y al debido proceso. Tomando en consideración la doctrina reciente, el texto elabora categorías dogmáticas para diferenciar las potestades y componentes del derecho a la tutela judicial del debido proceso. Los autores concluyen que ambos derechos son de creciente desarrollo conceptual por la jurisprudencia constitucional chilena y que su sist...

  17. Instruments and Criteria for Research and Analysis of the Internet Visibility of Bulgarian Judicial Institutions WEB-Space*

    Nayden Valkov Nenkov; Mariana Mateeva Petrova

    2015-01-01

    e-Justice has been under discussion at European level since 2007. The article describes some tools and displays objective criteria for evaluating the WEB-pages of judicial institutions in Bulgaria. A methodology is offered in order to improve the organization and functioning of the judicial institutions. It is used to conduct experimental tests for analysis and assessment of the main characteristics of the Bulgaria courts’ WEB-sites. The results provide grounds for findings and recommendation...

  18. Judicial consumerism

    B S Bagi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Legal medicine is very essential for practicing dentists so as to protect against public complaints and litigation. This paper briefs about medicolegal jurisprudence and its introduction and promotion among medical professionals.

  19. 新司法改革背景下党领导司法的进阶%The Advancement of the Party's Leadership in Judicial Work under the Background of New Judicial Reform

    杨武松

    2015-01-01

    从中国的宪制结构和国家治理的现实情态看,坚持和加强党的领导是新一轮司法改革必须坚持的根本原则.但是,从司法实践看,新一轮司法改革必将对党领导司法的方式形成冲击,倒逼中国共产党从理念认知到领导方式等方面重新诠释党领导司法的意涵,从党领导司法的权力来源、范畴、方式以及革新政法委工作职能等方面,推动党领导司法机制的进阶.%From the perspective of practical modality of Chinese constitutional structure and governance of the country, to adhere to and strengthen the leadership of the party is the fundamental principle of the new round of judicial reform. But in the judicial practice, a new round of judicial reform is bound to form the impact to the leadership of the Party in the judicial. It forced the Communist Party of China reinterpreted the meaning of the Party's leadership in the judicial from the aspect of cognition to the style of leadership. To promote the advancement of judicial mechanism under the leadership of the party from the power source, category, mode of the Party's leadership in the judicial and work function of the reform in Politics and Law Committee.

  20. Lizonia baldini sobre Polytrichum formosum

    Girbal i Lladó, Josep; Lloret Maya, Francisco; Pérez Obiol, Ramon

    1982-01-01

    S'ha trobat al Montseny (UTM:DG 46 26) l'ascomicet briofil Lizonia baldini (Pir) Dobb (Ordre Dothideales) parasit sobre Polytrichum formosum Hedw. Es descriuen les característiques dels exemplars observats i s'indica la seva incidencia en la producció d'anteridis

  1. Visiones educativas sobre los MOOC

    Cabero Almenara, Julio

    2015-01-01

    Los “Cursos Masivos en Abiertos” o MOOC se están convirtiendo en una de las tecnologías de gran penetración en el terreno educativo en los últimos tiempos, considerándose por algunos como una tecnología que creará un tsunami sobre la educación

  2. Discurso sobre la historia colombiana

    Quijano Otero, José María

    2010-01-01

    Resumen de las lecciones de Historia Patria, desde la llegada de Colón hasta los primeros brotes independentistas. Sobre la manera de estudiar los hechos históricos: su enlace, las causas que los produjeron, i los efectos que de ellos derivaron.

  3. THE TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE: A CONTRIBUTION TO IMPROVE THE PRESENT TECHNICAL-JUDICIAL MODEL

    Giancarlo Carosso

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The expression “the transboundary movement of hazardous waste” refers, from the technical point of view, to a series of phases that begin with the creation of a hazardous waste and includes its identification according to international, regional and national standards, its delivery to specialized companies and its movement from the exporting country to the importing country; these phases end with the final destination of the waste (disposal or recovery. From the judicial point of view, this same expression means a set of international regulations, at the UN level, a judicial model constituted by various Multilateral Environmental Agreements-MEAs and in particular the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions. In spite of this model, an international market, dominated in certain strategic points by a chain of organized crime, has become established over the last 30 years, with consequent adverse effects on human health and the environment as well as on trade and competition. The illegal movement and transport of hazardous goods and waste undermine international policies and enforcement efforts and put law-abiding businesses at an economic disadvantage. It is here taken into account that there are in fact two judicial models that have to be referred to. Apart from the previously mentioned one, it is necessary to take into consideration the international judicial hazardous goods and waste transport model. The former model is examined (1 from a general point of view and during the various phases; (2 as far as the controls that the international regulations foresee along the chain are concerned; (3 with a case study concerning the PCB category, a category which is very vast and whose contents are sometimes considered as hazardous goods and sometimes as wastes. Because of the great complexity of the problems and in order to have a clear picture, a specific second study, which is closely connected to the first, has been conducted on the

  4. 司法公正的实现途径探讨%Discussion on the realization way of judicial justice

    唐战立

    2012-01-01

    司法公正是法律价值的评价标准,司法公正包括实体公正和程序公正两个方面。实体公正是公正的本源,程序公正是实现实体公正的手段。实体公正具有相对性,程序公正是看得见的公正。实体公正优先论和程序公正决定论皆不可取,在程序公正和实体公正发生冲突时应该坚持程序优先。实现司法公正需做到以下几点:合理配置司法资源,建立能够独立行使司法权的司法体系;建立健全司法监督体系;建立完善的惩治司法腐败的制度。%Judicial justice is the evaluation standard of the legal value, including both substantive justice and pro cedural justice. Substantive justice is the source and procedural justice is the means. Substantive justice is rela tive while procedural justice is visible. When substantive justice clashes with procedural justice, procedural jus tice should be given priority. In order to fulfill judicial justice, judicial resources should be logically allotted, the judicial system which can implement judicial rights independently, the judicial supervision system and the system of publishing judicial corruption should all be established and improved.

  5. Environmental Impact Assessment Law in China's courts: A study of 107 judicial decisions

    The article explores the practices of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Law in China's courts by examining 107 judicial decisions. Each of the 107 judicial decisions has been analyzed to determine the time/location of the decision, what type of EIA document was referred to, what specific claim was made by the plaintiffs, and what the court's ruling was on the case. The results indicate that: unlike in Germany or Japan, all kinds of EIA decisions made by environment protect bureaus (EPBs) in China were widely taken as justiciable, and China's courts generally allowed local residents to have standing and thus challenge the EPBs' decisions made during the EIA process. On the other hand, the research also shows the EPBs overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. It is also found that China's reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, giving obvious deference to the technocrat with the substantial contents of EIA documents. Also, the concept of “flaw” was created when it came to procedural issues. These two factors, among others, were both helping the EPBs' prevailing successes. - Highlights: • 107 judicial decisions referring to China's EIA law are examined. • The justiciability of EPB's EIA decisions were taken for granted. • The defenders overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. • The reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, defering to the technocrat with the EIA documents. • A functional concept, “flaw”, was created by reviewing judges when it came to procedural issues

  6. The Issuance and Transmission of a European Arrest Warrant by the Romanian Judicial Authorities

    Ion Rusu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The European arrest warrant is the most important form of judicial cooperation in penal matters within the European Union, which is based on the mutual recognition of criminal judgments. The Europeanlegislative act that governs the institution is the Framework Decision no. 2002/584/JHA of 13 July 2002 on the European arrest warrant and the surrender procedures between Member States, amended and supplemented by the Council Framework Decision of 2009/299/JAI February 26, 2009. Although the first piece of the European legislative act has been transposed into our legislation by the Law no. 302/2004 on international judicial cooperation in criminal matters, with subsequent amendments, the modifying normativeact has not been transposed into national law. The research conducted on the depositions of special law and of the European legislative act, and especially on their implications in the internal and European judiciary practice, demonstrates the existence of some incomplete stipulations, secures the workability of the issuing,transmission and identification, pursuing and handing over the persons wanted by the Romanian judicial authorities in the Member States. A very special situation which is determined by the omission of national and EU legislator, in order to include the category of the persons submitted to the handing over and the minors against whom it was applied an educational and a deprivation of liberty measure, a situation which leads directly to the non execution of such sanctions of the minors. The originality of the work consists of the critical observation and also the proposals of lege ferenda which covers both the Romanian special law and also the European legislative act. At the same time the critical observations are useful not only for Romanian legislator who intends to supplement and modify the special law, but also for our doctrine.

  7. Estudio comparado del Poder Judicial Electrónico en Iberoamérica, 2013

    José Miguel Busquets

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, presentamos el índice del Poder Judicial Electrónico para 8 países de Iberoamérica, a saber: Argentina, Brasil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, España, Portugal y Uruguay. El índice de Poder Judicial Electrónico tiene como objetivo medir el grado de incorporación de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TICs en los Poderes Judiciales. El mismo es el resultado de un relevamiento realizado entre abril y agosto de 2013 a informantes calificados, muchos de ellos integrantes de Universidades que pertenecen a la Red LEFIS (Legal Framework for the Information Society. Entre los resultados significativos de esta investigación encontramos:1 Mientras que las dimensiones de información y gestión del índice son las más desarrolladas, las dimensiones de relación y decisión del mismo índice están mucho menos desarrolladas en el conjunto de los 8 países de Iberoamérica estudiados.2 Con más de un 50 % del índice de Poder Judicial Electrónico desarrollado se encuentran 7 países o sea más de la mitad de los países. De los cuales y en orden decreciente se encuentran Brasil, España, Costa Rica, Portugal, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay y Cuba.

  8. Environmental Impact Assessment Law in China's courts: A study of 107 judicial decisions

    Zining, Jin, E-mail: jinzn@pkusz.edu.cn

    2015-11-15

    The article explores the practices of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Law in China's courts by examining 107 judicial decisions. Each of the 107 judicial decisions has been analyzed to determine the time/location of the decision, what type of EIA document was referred to, what specific claim was made by the plaintiffs, and what the court's ruling was on the case. The results indicate that: unlike in Germany or Japan, all kinds of EIA decisions made by environment protect bureaus (EPBs) in China were widely taken as justiciable, and China's courts generally allowed local residents to have standing and thus challenge the EPBs' decisions made during the EIA process. On the other hand, the research also shows the EPBs overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. It is also found that China's reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, giving obvious deference to the technocrat with the substantial contents of EIA documents. Also, the concept of “flaw” was created when it came to procedural issues. These two factors, among others, were both helping the EPBs' prevailing successes. - Highlights: • 107 judicial decisions referring to China's EIA law are examined. • The justiciability of EPB's EIA decisions were taken for granted. • The defenders overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. • The reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, defering to the technocrat with the EIA documents. • A functional concept, “flaw”, was created by reviewing judges when it came to procedural issues.

  9. Storable Votes and Judicial Nominations in the U.S. Senate

    Alessandra Casella; Sébastien Turban; Gregory J. Wawro

    2014-01-01

    We model a procedural reform aimed at restoring a proper role for the minority in the confirmation process of judicial nominations in the U.S. Senate. We analyze a proposal that would call for nominations to the same level court to be collected in periodic lists and voted upon individually with Storable Votes, allowing each senator to allocate freely a fixed number of total votes. Although each nomination is decided by simple majority, storable votes make it possible for the minority to win o...

  10. The Indultados of Tescua: Criminal Rebellion and Judicial Reckoning during the War of the Supremes

    Joshua M. Rosenthal

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1841 the public of Bogota followed the trial of 22 prisoners charged with the crime of rebellion during the War of the Supremes. Captured while serving as officers at the battle of Tescua, the accused claimed they had been forced to serve in the rebel army. This excuse was ignored and 21 of the defendants were sentenced to death, only to be spared by decrees of indulto in the following months. This article examines the logic behind such judicial reckoning, the narrative strategies employed by the accused in their defense, and the meaning of clemency in the early republic.

  11. Observations on Judicial Approaches to Discerning Investment Adviser Status under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940

    Brian Carroll

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH: This article analyzes judicial approaches to interpreting the definition of an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, the United States federal statute governing investment advisers. It starts by noting the role of investment advisers in the United States financial services industry and introduces the statutory definition of an investment adviser and each element of this definition. It explains briefly why adviser status is important and touches on the relationship between investment adviser status and registration as an investment adviser with the United States Securities & Exchange Commission. Based on cases initiated by the United States Securities & Exchange Commission, the United States Department of Justice and investment adviser clients alleging investment adviser violations of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, the article discusses key judicial interpretations of the elements of the definition of investment adviser. Along the way, the author shares his observations about these judicial approaches to interpreting the definition of an investment adviser by, among other things, evaluating some of the strengths and weaknesses reflected in these judicial approaches. DEUTSCH: Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht mögliche juristische Herangehensweisen an die Definition eines Anlageberaters im Sinne des „Investment Advisers Act of 1940“, einem Gesetz der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika, welches die Anlageberatung regelt. Zunächst wird unter Beachtung der generellen Funktion eines Anlageberaters in der amerikanischen Finanzdienstindustrie im Detail die gesetzliche Definition eines Anlageberaters analysiert. Der Beitrag erklärt kurz die Relevanz der Stellung als Anlageberater und behandelt auch das Verhältnis zwischen der Stellung eines Anlageberaters und der Zulassung als Anlageberater durch die „United States Securities & Exchange Commission“. Basierend auf konkreten Fällen einer behaupteten

  12. A Danish killer amendment-when judicial review was banned from the 1849 Constitution

    Pedersen, M. N.

    2014-01-01

    In real political life "killer amendments" are very rare. William H. Riker was the first political scientist to draw systematic attention to this special "heresthetic" phenomenon, but he was himself only able to identify a handful of successful "killer amendments". Subsequent systematic empirical...... research has brought a few more to attention. In this article what may be the first successful example from outside the US context is described. It took place, when the Danish Constituent Assembly in 1849 discussed, if a proper judicial review procedure should be institutionalized in the Danish...

  13. LA TUTELA JURISDICCIONAL DE LA LIBERTAD SINDICAL Judicial protection of the freedom of labor unions

    Eduardo Caamaño Rojo

    2006-01-01

    El presente estudio efectúa un análisis sistemático y crítico de los mecanismos de resguardo de la libertad sindical contenidos en el Código del Trabajo y, en particular, del procedimiento judicial de tutela ante las infracciones a este derecho fundamental, vale decir, frente a las prácticas desleales o antisindicales. Para estos efectos, se consideran las normas incorporadas a nuestro ordenamiento jurídico por la Ley Nº 19.759 tendientes a reforzar el respeto y promover el ejercicio de la li...

  14. Compromiso e inteligencia emocional en mediadores del Poder Judicial de Oaxaca, México

    Carmen María Salvador Ferrer; Eric García-López

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo es un estudio transversal descriptivo, cuyo interés es conocer el papel que desempeñan el compromiso organizacional y la inteligencia emocional en la labor de los mediadores mexicanos. Para tal finalidad, se utilizó una muestra de 38 mediadores del Poder Judicial de Oaxaca. Además, para realizar el análisis de la situación, a través de ecuaciones estructurales, nos centraremos en el estudio de diferentes constructos, tales como: el compromiso, la inteligencia emocional, el sexo y...

  15. Judicial Loyalty Through Dissent or Why The Timing is Perfect for Belgium to Embrace Separate Opinions

    Nelissen, Bart

    2011-01-01

    Belgian judges may well be among the loneliest of their peers due to Belgium’s legal framework. In an attempt to counter this unfortunate situation, we will start by outlining some contours of “judicial loneliness” in Belgium through a brief discussion of secrecy of deliberations, the wide-spread unus iudex practice, as well as a more recent phenomenon: judges who ventilate certain aspirations and/or frustrations often end up being the epicenter of fierce public polemics. Secondly, we will em...

  16. Judicial mediation in the opinion of minors who manifest and experience violence

    Agnieszka Lewicka-Zelent

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Mediation proceedings in juvenile cases are held with the participation of the youth infringing legal norms. They provide compensation to the victims, and at the same time avoid placement in social rehabilitation facilities, as well as obtain forgiveness, and decrease the level of shame and guilt. The aim of the studies was to learn the opinions of minors on the subject of judicial mediation. Hence, minor boys from the Probation Centre No. 3 in Świdnik were subject to these studies. The “A” and “O” scales of K. Kmiecik-Baran and questionnaire of own work on the subject of mediation were used.

  17. El alcance de la discrecionalidad judicial en el derecho penal contemporáneo

    Scheller D'Angelo, André

    2014-01-01

    [ES]La discrecionalidad judicial en el Derecho penal es la herida abierta universal cuya consecuencia más aguda es la ilegitimidad. Pese a los grandes esfuerzos teóricos e inclusive meta- teóricos, las denominadas zonas de penumbra en dónde el juez discrecional en materias punitivas debe moverse como un fantasma en la obscuridad, son latentes y constituyen el principal problema a resolver en el moderno Derecho penal. Toda la dogmática jurídico-penal sin duda, se ha movido históricamente con l...

  18. Gobierno electrónico: posibilidades en el ámbito judicial

    José Julio Fernández Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo aborda, en primer lugar, las fortalezas y debilidades del e-gobierno desde elpunto de vista de la actividad judicial. Tras ello se esquematiza la metodología que se podría seguir para su concreto desarrollo. La segunda parte del artículo examina la reciente ley española que regula del uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en la Administraciónde Justicia. Se trata de una ley ambiciosay sistemática, pero cuya aplicación puede verse retrasada por restricc...

  19. Gobierno electrónico: posibilidades en el ámbito judicial

    José Julio Fernández Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda, en primer lugar, las fortalezas y debilidades del e-gobierno desde elpunto de vista de la actividad judicial. Tras ello se esquematiza la metodología que se podría seguir para su concreto desarrollo. La segunda parte del artículo examina la reciente ley española que regula del uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en la Administraciónde Justicia. Se trata de una ley ambiciosay sistemática, pero cuya aplicación puede verse retrasada por restricciones presupuestarias.

  20. Understanding the Service Quality Perception Gaps between Judicial Servants and Judiciary Users

    Rodrigo Murillo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Judiciary service user expectations are usually not the same as ideas harbored in the minds of civil servants delivering such services. This discrepancy matches the definition of the service delivery GAP 1, as identified and assessed by SERVQUAL (Service Quality, a tool that for almost three decades has been employed worldwide in measuring service quality in many different industries and countries, in both private and public organizations. Through participant observation, semi-structured interviews and empirical data collected by SERVQUAL, this paper focuses on assessing this service delivery GAP 1 for the Second Court of Appeal within Costa Rica’s Judicial Branch.

  1. Competencias del actuario del poder judicial federal en México: una perspectiva administrativa.

    Juan Blas Arriaga Huerta; Fernando Lámbarry Vilchis; Luis Arturo Rivas Tovar

    2014-01-01

    El perfil por competencias establecido por el Consejo de la Judicatura Federal de México para el cargo de actuario judicial (quien funge como auxiliar de magistrados y jueces) tiene una definición incipiente que limita una eventual gestión de su función jurisdiccional. Con el interés de aportar a la resolución de esta problemática, el objetivo de este trabajo de investigación es proponer un modelo del perfil por competencias de los actuarios judiciales de tribunal de circuito y juzgado de dis...

  2. Is the Ninth Circuit Too Large? A Statistical Study of Judicial Quality.

    Posner, Richard A.

    2000-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical test of the claim that the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has too many judges to be able to do a good job. Reversals (especially summary reversals) by the Supreme Court and citations are used as proxies for quality of judicial output. The overall conclusion is that (1) adding judgeships tends to reduce the quality of a court's output and (2) the Ninth Circuit's uniquely high rate of being summarily reversed by the Supreme Court (a) is probably not...

  3. LOS TRATADOS INTERNACIONALES SOBRE DERECHOS HUMANOS Y SU UBICACIÓN EN EL ORDEN NORMATIVO INTERNO

    Emilio Pfeffer Urquiaga

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la precariedad de la normativa constitucional chilena en materia de incorporación del derecho convencional internacional, tanto en común como específicamente en materia de derechos humanos, pronunciándose sobre la jerarquía de los tratados que contienen derechos humanos de acuerdo con la doctrina y la jurisprudencia, abogando por un pronto desarrollo de normas constitucionales al efecto.This work highlights the precariousness of Chilean Constitutional Law with respect to the incorporation of international conventional Law, both in general and specifically in the area of human rights. The status accorded to human rights treaties by legal scholarship and judicial decisions is examined, and advocacy is advanced for further development of constitutional norms on the matter of incorporation of international treaties on human rights.

  4. El activismo estadounidense en derechos humanos y el Plan Colombia.

    Winifred Tate.

    2009-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations claim to play a central role in defining U.S. foreign policy, particularly in the field of human rights. Here, I will examine the role of human rights and humanitarian groups in the debates over U.S. foreign policy towards Colombia, focusing on the design and subsequent additional appropriations for Plan Colombia, a multi-billion dollar aid package beginning in 2000. I argue that NGOs were able to build on the legacy of prior human rights activism focusing on La...

  5. El activismo estadounidense en derechos humanos y el Plan Colombia.

    Winifred Tate.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-governmental organizations claim to play a central role in defining U.S. foreign policy, particularly in the field of human rights. Here, I will examine the role of human rights and humanitarian groups in the debates over U.S. foreign policy towards Colombia, focusing on the design and subsequent additional appropriations for Plan Colombia, a multi-billion dollar aid package beginning in 2000. I argue that NGOs were able to build on the legacy of prior human rights activism focusing on Latin America, but failed to achieve significant grassroots mobilization around this issue. I examine the structural issues limiting such mobilization, as well as exploring how NGOs did leverage legislative conditions placed on the assistance package to keep human rights concerns part of the debates over U.S. policy. This case study will contribute to the historical record of how policy is made and developed, adding to the growing literature exploring how human rights claims translate into specific governmental policies.

  6. Separate and Unequal: Judicial Culture, Employment Qualifications and Muslim Headscarf Debates

    Joyce Marie Mushaben

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Few European lawmakers have analyzed the implications of Muslim headscarf bans for equal employment opportunity. EU anti-discrimination directives suggest that contradictory member-state approaches will eventually invoke a judicial Community response at national expense. Drawing on the bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ standard, this study compares the “judicial cultures” of the U.S. Supreme Court, the German Constitutional Court, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR and the European Court of Justice (ECJ. It argues that while the ECJ initially invoked Roman law precepts shared by a majority of its member-states through the 1980s, it has come to embrace Anglo-American norms stressing individual freedoms over state interests. Given their strong support for equal treatment and social inclusion, EU justices will be more likely than member-state or ECHR judges to overturn existing bans on hejab at the workplace, once such a case makes its way onto the ECJ docket.

  7. La relevancia de la custodia de la evidencia en la investigación judicial

    Federico Campos

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available La cadena custodia de la evidencia en la Investigación Judicial es indispensable y debe garantizarse en todo momento a fin de que la búsqueda de la verdad real de un hecho delictivo no quede convertida en prueba espurea o ilícita por una actividad procesal defectuosa. En el presente ensayo se hace un generoso esfuerzo por poner juntas todas las normas y legislaciones que tienen como fin dar garantía científica plena de lo analizado.The custody chain of the evidence in the Judicial lnvestigation is indispensable and must be garantied at all times with the purpose of ensuring the investigation of the truth in a delictive act will not turn into an ilegal proof because of a defective procesal activity. In this essay we make a generous effort to put together all the laws and rules that have something to give plain cientific guarante of the investigated situation.

  8. Systemic interpretation and the judicial recovery of the possibility for companies in common

    Juliana Hinterlang dos Santos Costa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Company in common was introduced by Brazilian law from the Civil Code of 2002 in its articles 986 to 990. In the previous period it was analyzed from the irregular company name or company and fact. The first was characterized by having written contract, but this was not brought to registration with the competent body and the second when there was no social contract. This study aims to analyze the figure of the Company in common, in the current legal system, from the majority interpretation that does not recognize the right to judicial recovery. It points out that this interpretation ignores: i principles governing the legal system and the economic subsystem; and ii that the current legislation allows their accountability before legal duties in labor spheres, tax, competitive and consumer. Under these main arguments is that they have highlighted the systematic interpretation to defend the right to judicial or extrajudicial recovery. So effective is legal certainty material.    Arraste e solte o arquivo ou link aqui para traduzir o documento ou a página da Web.Arraste e solte o link aqui para traduzir a página da Web.O tipo de arquivo que você soltou não é suportado. Tente outros tipos de arquivo.O tipo de link que você soltou não é suportado. Tente outros tipos de link. 

  9. Judicial Specialization: In search of the ‘Right’ Judge for Each Case?

    Elisabetta Silvestri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The issue of how much specialization is required of a modern judiciary is debated in many legal systems, some of which have a long tradition of generalist judges. The increasing complexity of contemporary society and the emergence of new legal fields, dominated by technical concepts, can be seen as the perfect rationale for the establishment of specialized courts. It is easy to think that a new array of complex cases, raising sophisticated issues of fact and law, deserves to be adjudicated by judges who are highly skilled in the subject matters at stake. New specialized courts could also contribute to the solution of the problem affecting various legal systems, that is, the huge caseloads burdening ordinary courts. And yet, judicial specialization may also have significant drawbacks: among others, the danger of the ‘insularity’ of specialized courts, a tendency to self-seclude inside the restricted boundaries of the matters falling within their expertise. After some brief remarks on the advantages and disadvantages of judicial specialization, this essay elaborates on the state of the issue in Italy, where recent reforms and others announced seem to indicate a new trend in favor of the establishment of more specialized divisions within ordinary courts.

  10. Risk assessment by the executive power versus efficiency of control by the courts - effects on administrative procedures and judicial proceedings

    In conclusion it is stated that any cutbacks in the current system of judicial control have to be earned by appropriate improvements in the administrative procedure. One has to keep in mind the overall situation, which means to examine and assess any reduction of judicial control, the relevance of procedural defects, and the requirements to be met by administrative procedures, in their complete context. Since the acknowledgement of administrative regulations as instruments for putting into practice the legislative intent, and of the executive's scope for examination and assessment, has effects not only in regard to a reduction of judicial control, but also assigns to the administrative procedure an irreplaceable function that cannot be corrected by legal proceedings, there is reason enough to exercise restraint in this matter. (orig./HSCH)

  11. THE EU DIRECTIVE ON MEDIATION IN CIVIL AND COMMERCIAL MATTERS AND THE PRINCIPLE OF EFFECTIVE JUDICIAL PROTECTION

    Antonio Maria MARZOCCO

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The essay concerns the implications of EU Directive 2008/52/EC regarding mediation in civil and commercial matters on the right of effective judicial protection. After having underlined the importance assumed in the European Union by alternative dispute resolution, the essay examines the stages that led European institutions to the adoption of the Directive on mediation in civil and commercial matters. The article addresses the aims and the scope of the Directive and subsequently focuses its attention on Directive dispositions regulating the “key aspects” of civil procedure. The essay emphasizes that the Directive, in substance, allows both optional mediation and compulsory mediation. However, compulsory mediation can contrast with the principle of effective judicial protection. Furthermore, the essay deals with the relationship between compulsory mediation and the principle of effective judicial protection, and identifies, examining a recent pronouncement of the EU Court of Justice, the needed requisites to be respected in order that such contrast does not occur.

  12. Invisibles en Antioquia 1886-1936. Una arqueología de los discursos sobre la homosexualidad [Reseña

    Bustamante Tejada, Walter Alonso; López Díaz, Yolanda

    2003-01-01

    A partir del examen de expedientes del archivo histórico judicial de Medellín, de la revisión de la legislación pertinente y de los debates en el Congreso, el autor analiza los discursos religiosos, jurídicos, médicos y educativos que sobre la homosexualidad circularon en Antioquia durante 1886 y 1936, sus atribuciones como pecado o vicio lujurioso, como delito, como enfermedad o como desadaptación o transgresión y las exigencias de expiación, reparación, medicación y reeducación a quienes la...

  13. Influencia de los Congresos sobre el proceso de las políticas públicas y las burocracias: los casos de Chile y Perú

    Patriau Hildebrandt, César Enrique

    2015-01-01

    [ES] La tesis doctoral discute, en general, acerca de la labor de control que el Poder Legislativo puede ejercer sobre los actos de gobierno, en específico en lo que atañe a la formulación y la implementación de las políticas públicas. Diversos actores intervienen ¿de manera simultánea¿ en ese proceso, entre ellos el Poder Ejecutivo, el Poder Legislativo, el Poder Judicial, la burocracia estatal, los partidos políticos, las organizaciones privadas, entre otros, cada uno de ellos con sus respe...

  14. The Legacy of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal: Maintaining the Status Quo of Cambodia's Legal and Judicial System

    Sana Ghouse, John Coughlan, Richard Smith

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available

    The Cambodian judicial system is fraught with deficiencies. The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia – established to try the leaders of the Khmer Rouge and those most responsible for the atrocities committed during the regime – has been hailed as a model court from which to bolster domestic legal and judicial reform. While the ECCC has made some steps towards providing a positive legacy - enhancing the capacity of the judiciary, addressing fair trial rights and standards of justice - in the absence of political will to address corruption and political interference, this legacy is superficial at best.

  15. Instruments and Criteria for Research and Analysis of the Internet Visibility of Bulgarian Judicial Institutions WEB-Space*

    Nayden Valkov Nenkov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available e-Justice has been under discussion at European level since 2007. The article describes some tools and displays objective criteria for evaluating the WEB-pages of judicial institutions in Bulgaria. A methodology is offered in order to improve the organization and functioning of the judicial institutions. It is used to conduct experimental tests for analysis and assessment of the main characteristics of the Bulgaria courts’ WEB-sites. The results provide grounds for findings and recommendations leading to improved communication and the presence of these institutions in the WEB.

  16. Relaciones entre el Congreso Nacional y el Poder Judicial: La Importancia de la Apertura

    Sebastián Soto Velasco

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza las relaciones entre el Congreso Nacional y el Poder Judicial a través de dos instituciones existentes en nuestro ordenamiento: el proceso de nombramiento de Ministros de la Corte Suprema y los informes que esta última envía al Congreso Nacional en ciertos proyectos de ley. En el caso de las nominaciones de Ministros a la Corte Suprema se estudia como ha operado el sistema desde la incorporación del Senado en 1997 hasta el año 2005. Se analiza cómo la transparencia del proceso, la posibilidad de conocer la historia profesional del nominado y audiencias abiertas contribuirían a incentivar una decisión centrada en criterios de calidad. El documento también se centra en el contenido y la influencia de los informes que envía la Corte Suprema al Congreso Nacional con ocasión de la tramitación de proyectos de ley que contienen normas que modifican la organización o atribuciones de los tribunales de justicia. En esta instancia, permitir el acceso a los informes también tendría positivas consecuencias. En definitiva, aunque hay otras vías de comunicación entre el Congreso y el Poder Judicial, se profundiza únicamente en las mencionadas pues del estudio se concluye que ambas tenderían a aumentar el potencial que de suyo ya tienen si se incorpora apertura en los procesosThis paper analyzes the relationship between the Chilean Congress and Judicial power, focusing on two institutions: the nomination process to appoint Supreme Court justices and the reports that the Supreme Court is constitutionally obligated to send to the Congress when specific types of bills are introduced. The appointment of Supreme Court candidates is studied from the Senate's incorporation in the process from 1997 until 2005. The author states that a more transparent process, including the publication of the candidate's backgrounds and public hearings, would increase the incentives to nominate the most qualified candidates. The paper also

  17. La actualidad de la equidad de Aristóteles. Doce tesis antiformalistas sobre el derecho y la función judicial

    Jesús Vega López

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se propone una lectura de la teoría aristotélica de la equidad desde los presupuestos de un enfoque argumentativo del derecho. Después de ofrecer una contextualización de la filosofía del derecho de Aristóteles en el marco de su filosofía moral (teoría de la virtud y política (teoría del Estado, se extraen las implicaciones de la equidad para la práctica de la jurisdicción en forma de doce tesis críticas del formalismo jurídico.

  18. Aspectos de la extracción de órganos y tejidos que pueden interferir en la investigación judicial

    V. Ramos Medina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La donación de órganos y tejidos de personas fallecidas es uno de los recursos más importantes con los que cuenta la medicina actual para ayudar a pacientes afectos de graves procesos patológicos, que generalmente ponen en peligro sus vidas. La Organización Nacional de Trasplantes en España realiza una labor meritoria, y representa un modelo en todo el mundo. En los casos de muerte violenta o sospechosa de criminalidad se precisa la autorización judicial para esta extracción, y recae en el médico forense la responsabilidad de emitir un dictamen sobre si la extracción puede o no interferir en la investigación de la causa de la muerte y sus circunstancias. Se debate entre la labor pericial del médico forense y su función sociosanitaria para salvar vidas. Se hace una revisión de la literatura médica, que en general defiende reducir al máximo las negativas a la extracción, o al menos que estas sean parciales. Se señala la intervención del médico forense en los casos que pueden ser más polémicos. La mejor coordinación entre los equipos de extracción, los médicos forenses e incluso las familias puede disminuir la tasa de negativas judiciales a la extracción, globalmente una de las más bajas del mundo.

  19. Análisis de la mediación en sede judicial laboral venezolana

    Irene María Vanderlinder de Hernández

    2014-01-01

    La presente investigación analiza la función mediadora del Juez en el Proceso Laboral Venezolano, a través de una Investigación Jurídica establecida por dos poblaciones una conformada en primer lugar por Jueces del Trabajo de la Circunscripción Judicial del Estado Trujillo y la segunda población conformada por las partes intervinientes en el proceso de mediación, las cuáles aportaron información a través de cuestionario validado. Atendiendo a la mediación como una institución de resolución de...

  20. The consideration of ecological safety in judicial practice-also on the ecological safety legislation

    L(U) Zhongmei

    2006-01-01

    Ecological safety has been one of the hot issues of environmental law in recent years.The maintenance of ecological safety has become one of the legislative principles,as exemplified by the revision of the Law of Sand Prevention and Sand.Management and the Law against Solid Waste Environmental Pollution,and the relevant rules that will be established.However actual cases will still happen,whether the legislators have made the statutory law or not.While scholars and legislators are debating,the judges have to handle cases and render judgments.Through the analysis of a case,this article will discuss the feasibility for judges to make ecological safety considerations in the judicial process by applying the principle of good faith and will also discuss the legislative issues related to ecological safety.

  1. The Impact of the Russian Civil Judicial Proceedings Act of 1864 on the Polish Civil Proceedings

    Piotr Rylski

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the influence, which had already been exerted, and which is still exerted by the Russian Civil Judicial Proceedings Act of November 20, 1864 (CJPA on the Polish civil proceedings. First, the authors present the history of CJPA’s presence in the Polish territories. Next, they discuss the general significance of this act and its solutions for the process of shaping the Polish civil procedure in the interwar period. Finally, they present selected examples of the regulations and solutions that demonstrate the CJPA’s impact on the Polish civil proceedings. The authors conclude that CJPA exerted a minor impact on the pre-war and present Polish procedural regulations in comparison to the other codes, i.e. the Austrian and German codes. Even today, however, one can find in the Polish Code of Civil Procedure some provisions patterned after the CJPA.

  2. Brief Report: Judicial Attitudes Regarding the Sentencing of Offenders with High Functioning Autism.

    Berryessa, Colleen M

    2016-08-01

    This brief report presents preliminary data on the attitudes of judges on the sentencing of offenders with High Functioning Autism (HFA). Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with twenty-one California Superior Court Judges. Interviews were qualitatively coded and constant comparative analysis was utilized. Findings revealed that judges consider HFA as both a mitigating and aggravating factor in sentencing, and knowledge of an offender's disorder could potentially help judges understand why a criminal action might have been committed. Judges voiced concerns about the criminal justice system being able to effectively help or offer sentencing options for offenders with HFA. Finally, judges reported that they are focused on using their judicial powers and influence to provide treatment and other resources during sentencing. PMID:27106568

  3. WHITHER ISLAMIC LEGAL REASONING? The Law and Judicial Reasoning of The Religious Courts

    Ahmad Rofii

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the judicial reasoning employed by the religious courts in giving decisions on inheritance, particularly since the promulgation of the 1991 Compilation of Islamic Law. It seeks to examine whether these courts use Islamic legal reasoning. This paper argues that the structure of the courts’ decisions is to be found in most Civil Law courts. It then offers three different approaches of reasoning employed by the religious courts in their decisions on inheritance: the use of the legislations particularly the Compilation as the sole source of deductive reasoning, the combination of the legislations and the Islamic sources which share the same implication, and the application of Islamic legal reasoning with the emphasis on the objectives of Islamic law (maqāsid al-sharī‘a which does not contradict the legislations. Although Islamic legal reasoning is employed, in most cases the decisions are simple and straightforward.

  4. How to make judicious use of current physics in reconstructing its history

    Janssen, Michel

    2013-04-01

    Using three concrete examples, I illustrate both benefits and pitfalls of approaching the history of relativity and quantum theory with current textbook knowledge of these subjects. First, I show how knowing something about energy-momentum tensors in special relativity makes it easy to see that special relativity did not, as has been suggested, simply kill the program of Abraham and others at the beginning of the 20th century to reduce all of physics to electrodynamics, but co-opted key elements of it. Second, I show how knowing something about coordinate conditions in general relativity can be an obstacle to seeing why Einstein initially rejected field equations based on the Ricci tensor. Third, I show how knowing something about Hilbert space can be an obstacle to seeing the logic behind Jordan's statistical transformation theory. These three examples suggest that knowledge of modern physics is beneficial for historians, but only when used judiciously.

  5. Discussion on Judicial Fairness%浅议司法的公正性

    冯龙良

    2011-01-01

    The judicial fairness means judges should insist on and embody fairness and justice in the process of judicature and judgment. It combines procedural justice with substantive justice, unify general fairness and individual fairness, and integrate equity and efficiency.%司法公正是指司法审判人员在司法和审判活动的过程和结果中应坚持和体现公平和正义的原则.它以实体公正和程序公正相结合,一般公正和个别公正相统一,公平与效率相一致为特点.

  6. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS OF JUDICIAL WILL REGARDING ITS LIMITS IN ECO – ECONOMICAL CONTRACTS

    MIHAELA C. PAUL (MODREA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available After a brief study of the contract legal concept we attempted to examine the essential elements of the contract - the agreement of will between parties. The autonomy theory of will - which legally promoted contemporary, the concept of freedom of contract, we will analyze the concept in question, both over time and in last centuries when transformations of freedom of contract and contractual law have been most reliable, amplifying the ambiguity of the meaning of contractual freedom in the Romanian legal order and the number and diversity of doctrines that were interested in freedom of contract become substantial. Economic and social realities experienced significant changes, which made the autonomy theory of will first to be put in question and then challenged, attempting to detect the judicial construction of the contract.

  7. Medico legal and epidemiological aspects of femicide in a judicial district of north eastern Italy.

    Moreschi, Carlo; Da Broi, Ugo; Zamai, Valentina; Palese, Francesca

    2016-04-01

    Femicide is the intentional killing of a woman because she is female, and often occurs when there are pre-existing relations, intimate or otherwise, between the victim and the murderer. A retrospective epidemiological study was made of 34 female homicides recorded in a university departmental register of post-mortems, pertaining to a judicial district of about 700,000 inhabitants in north eastern Italy, during a 21-year period from January 1st 1993 to December 31st 2013. The temporal trend, the socio-demographic characteristics of victims and perpetrators, the circumstances surrounding the crime and the risk factors for femicide were studied with the aim of identifying and developing preventive strategies. PMID:26854852

  8. Análisis de la mediación en sede judicial laboral venezolana

    Irene María Vanderlinder de Hernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación analiza la función mediadora del Juez en el Proceso Laboral Venezolano, a través de una Investigación Jurídica establecida por dos poblaciones una conformada en primer lugar por Jueces del Trabajo de la Circunscripción Judicial del Estado Trujillo y la segunda población conformada por las partes intervinientes en el proceso de mediación, las cuáles aportaron información a través de cuestionario validado. Atendiendo a la mediación como una institución de resolución de conflictos necesaria en la fase inicial durante el proceso laboral, por cuanto su vigencia en sede judicial deviene de mandato legal, y el papel fundamental que desempeñan las partes como protagonistas del proceso, permite que se proporcionen su propia decisión emanada de la autonomía de la voluntad asistida por la orientación del Juez Mediador, quien garantiza la irrenunciabilidad de los derechos laborales.Se concluye que la mediación no debe suplir la autocomposición de los conflictos laborales por los propios protagonistas del proceso, debiéndose considerar como un instrumento de ayuda a las partes. Se recomienda, en líneas generales, a los jueces mantener la imparcialidad y neutralidad en la función mediadora; emprendiendo un rol más activo como tercero interventor sin inducir a arreglos que no satisfacen las pretensiones de las partes.

  9. Roe v. Wade is constitutionally unprincipled and logically incoherent: a brief in support of judicial restraint.

    Gerard, J B

    1989-01-01

    This "amicus curiae" brief was submitted by the Center for Judicial Studies and 56 members of Congress. They were concerned that "Roe" expands powers that belong to Congress and the states into the realm of federal government. Part I of the brief dealt with Missouri's claim that the laws that were at issue in "Webster" were permitted under "Roe" and shouldn't have been made invalid by lower courts. Most of the brief was in Part II. The thrust of it was that "Roe" was not based on any principle and is incoherent internally; "Roe" said that a privacy right existed under the US constitution. However, "Roe" didn't define this right of personal privacy. "Roe" cited a "line of decisions" to prove this point. However, none of the cases that "Roe" cited pretended to be based on the "right to privacy." They dealt with other issues. "Botsford" was said to be the beginning of the constitutional privacy right. It dealt with a "common law rule of evidence," not a right that was in the constitution. Therefore, it did not define the privacy right. "The process by which "Roe" moved from privacy to abortion was unfounded by judicial fiat." "Roe" said that it was protected by "the compelling interest standard," but did not give a reason why this was so. In "Roe," the woman';s interest in getting an abortion was analyzed in medical terms. But when talking about the State's interest in protecting potential human life, medical considerations were not controlling. Part III of the brief asked that "Roe" be overturned because it said that "a privacy right to abortion" was "devoid of any linkage to the text or history of the constitution." "Roe" should be abandoned because its "inadequacies" are "basic". PMID:2603866

  10. Historicismo: notas sobre um paradigma

    José D’Assunção Barros

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo tem por objetivo desenvolver algumas considerações sobre o Historicismo e sua possibilidade de ser examinado como um dos paradigmas que concorrem para o estabelecimento de uma história científica no século XIX. O primeiro ponto tratado é relativo às origens do paradigma Historicista na transição do século XVIII para o século XIX. Na sequência, aproximamo-nos da apropriação conservadora do paradigma historicista no novo contexto no qual a burguesia européia está assentada no Poder,...

  11. COMENTARIOS SOBRE MEMORIA Y COMUNIDAD

    José A. Escalona Delfino

    2009-01-01

    El presente trabajo es una reflexión sobre aspectos esenciales en torno a la relación memoria-comunidad y su importancia para la investigación científica de las sociedades y los grupos humanos. Sin penetrar en profundidad en la trayectoria histórica del tema, ni en el tratamiento específico que importantes hombres de ciencia, considerados sus progenitores o procreadores, han dado a estos conceptos, hacemos particulares consideraciones con respecto al concepto de Memoria Histórica o Colectiva....

  12. Nota sobre Keynes y Brentano

    Crespo, Ricardo F.; IAE (Universidad Austral) y CONICET

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo explora la posibilidad de una relación entre el pensamiento de John Maynard Keynes y el del filósofo alemán Franz Brentano (1839-1917) en los campos lógico y epistemológico. George E. Moore -profesor de Keynes- y Keynes mismo leyeron y alabaron el libro de Brentano El origen del conocimiento moral (1889). ¿Tomó Keynes algunas ideas lógicas o epistemológicas de Brentano? El trabajo sugiere que, a pesar de ciertas similitudes entre las ideas lógicas y sobre la verdad de Keynes y Br...

  13. Thomas Hobbes: sobre el miedo

    Carlos Bührle

    2004-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende echar cierta luz sobre el papel del miedo en el pensamiento político de Hobbes. Sabido es que esta pasión subyace al contrato social, en el sentido de que impulsa al hombre a abandonar el estado de naturaleza a fin de encontrar seguridad y de deshacerse de la amenaza de la muerte violenta. Teniendo en cuenta que el miedo y la muerte son inseparables en la filosofía de Hobbes, surge una pregunta fundamental: ¿hasta qué punto podemos decir que el miedo desaparece completam...

  14. Sobre la crisis financiera internacional

    Antonio Torrero Mañas

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo es una reflexión sobre la crisis financiera internacional en la mitad de su sexto año. Respecto a la evolución de la crisis tengo una sensación agridulce. La parte positiva es que se ha evitado un descalabro inmediato de gran entidad. Mi mayor inquietud procede de los desequilibrios que pueden provocar las finanzas internacionales sin que exista ninguna institución moderadora y ordenadora de los flujos con un ámbito supranacional. Creo que una fuente válida de inspiración serí...

  15. Lumbalgias en hockey sobre cesped

    Rodríguez, Claudia

    2011-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio tomando como muestra a 84 jugadoras de hockey sobre hierba amateurs, mayores de 18 años de la primera categoría de la ciudad de Mar del Plata, en la cual el objetivo general fue determinar la incidencia del gesto deportivo en las lumbalgias de dichas jugadoras. El dolor lumbar tiene una alta prevalencia entre los deportistas, se ha relacionado con déficits en la fuerza extensora lumbar, y el hecho de padecerlo representa un obstáculo importante para la ...

  16. Modelos ambientales sobre la vejez

    Izal, María; Fernández-Ballesteros, Rocío

    1990-01-01

    La perspectiva ambiental en el estudio de la vejez es probablemente un ámbito poco conocido. En este trabajo se expone una revisión crítica de los principales modelos de explicación de las relaciones ambiente-conducta en la vejez. Finalmente, se discute sobre la superación de algunas limitaciones presentes en estas formulaciones teóricas, presentándose posibles alternativas teóricas y metodológicas para el desarrollo de esta área.

  17. Entorno colaborativo sobre laboratorios remotos

    Grosclaude, Eduardo; Sznek, Jorge Eduardo; Ramos Garcia, Vicente; Bertogna, Mario Leandro; López Luro, Francisco; Zanellato, Claudio

    2006-01-01

    El proyecto de investigación Software para Procesos Colaborativos incluye una línea de acción sobre el desarrollo de experiencias en Laboratorios Remotos. Esta línea está dedicada a complementar las tareas de aprendizaje con un soporte tecnológico de sistemas, entendido como todas aquellas actividades de infraestructura que promuevan la disponibilidad de recursos y apoyen la escalabilidad de procesos en la tarea educativa apuntalada por tecnologías de información. En este trabajo se describe ...

  18. Notas sobre a posição jurídica processual do assistente simples

    Luiz de França Costa Filho

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Regarding the simple privy’s juridical interest in the outcome of the process, there is not a doctrinarian discrepancy in the understanding that the privy has freedom to act in the procedure, excepts in his powers towards the material law that is argued in the judicial proceeding. Still, there is not an unanimity in doctrine about the nature of procedure position of the privy in the simple adhesive intervention. This essays analyzes the fundamentals that give live to the doctrinal standpoints.Dado o interesse jurídico do assistente simples no resultado do processo, não existe discrepância doutrinária no que diz respeito ao entendimento de que tem ele liberdade de atuação processual, exceto no que diz respeito a atos de disposição sobre o direito material controvertido no processo intervindo. Sobre a natureza da posição processual do assistente na intervenção adesiva simples, não reina unanimidade na doutrina. O presente trabalho analisa os fundamentos que animam as posições doutrinárias.

  19. On Judicial Governance of Administrative Discretion%论行政裁量的司法治理

    顾大松; 周佑勇

    2012-01-01

    功能主义建构模式下,行政裁量的司法审查应实现控制向治理的重心转移。司法审查对行政规则的尊重,尚不能构成司法审查标准向行政法原则的转化,因此需要遵循法律系统发展的逻辑,实现从规则到原则的抽象化过程。最高人民法院通过典型案例的抽象,在很大程度上推进了行政裁量司法审查标准的原则化。%Under the functionalist building mode, the judicial review of administrative discretion should transfer emphasis from control to governance. Although the field of judicial review of administrative discretion, the court adopted the administrative rules with respect, but has not achieved the standard of judicial review of the conversion to the principles of administrative law, so need to follow the logic of the legal system development, and promote the process from rules to principles. Supreme Court through a typical ease of abstraction, in large part to promote the standard of judicial review of administrative discretion of the principle.

  20. Contesting Law and Order: Legal and Judicial Reform in Southern Thailand in the Late Nineteenth to Early Twentieth Century

    Piyada Chonlaworn

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines legal and judicial reform in Thailand (then Siam imposed in the southern Malay provinces, once a sultanate kingdom of Pattani, in the 1890s and 1910s. Legal and judicial reform was one of the three main reforms Siam imposed countrywide at the end of the nineteenth century as an attempt to modernize the country and defend it against Western colonial powers. However, Siam’s rule and reform in the Malay region, especially during the reign of King Chulalongkorn, is viewed by recent studies as colonial modernity in itself. These measures included the appointment of a Siamese commissioner in the Malay region, the enforcement of Thai law, and Siam’s endeavor to preserve local practices such as Islamic family law and courts, which resembled those of the British and Dutch East Indies. While the notion of Siam’s inner colonialism is not entirely wrong, this paper argues that there is also another side of the coin that should be considered especially when looking from legal and judicial perspective. Right after a new regulation was imposed in 1901, it was clear that local people were ready to make use of the new judicial system. This is partly because the new system, regardless of its shortcomings, gave local people, including Malay ruling elites, opportunities to file cases against their enemies or demand justice.

  1. Judicial control of administrative activity and advantages of reorganization of the juridical system in the Republic of Kosovo

    Florent Muçaj

    2016-01-01

    In the last part of the paper there are clear and consistent conclusions and significant recommendations relating to general views about judicial control, with particular emphasis on their practical implementation in the Republic of Kosovo and the way of adjustment with the reforms in the field of administrative justice which are at the beginnings of the implementation.

  2. Estudio del síndrome de asperger desde la perspectiva psicológica forense. Un estudio sobre la percepción jurídica del síndrome, aspectos cognitivos, clínicos y aproximación a la valoración psicológica forense.

    Garrido Gaitán, Elena

    2016-01-01

    En este trabajo se realiza un estudio integral sobre el Síndrome de Asperger y el trato que el mismo recibe a nivel forense y judicial en nuestro territorio. Así, se realiza un estudio sobre el propio Síndrome, intentando comprender mejor su realidad a nivel de diagnóstico, de prevalencia y etiología así como sus comorbilidades y aspectos de carácter cognitivo, para poder avanzar a una mayor comprensión de los aspectos vinculados con el entorno forense en caso de que los afectados por este...

  3. La justicia de menores desde la mirada de los jueces. Valoraciones y representaciones sobre la ley y la administración de justicia

    Silvia Guemureman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo condensa las opiniones y valoraciones que los jueces de menores tienen sobre algunos aspectos del quehacer judicial en la administración de justicia sobre  personas menores de edad. En la pretensión de construir una cartografía moral de las prácticas judiciales, realicé una reconstrucción de las mismas a través de los discursos hablados y escritos de los jueces. Realicé entrevistas en profundidad y un análisis cualitativo y lingüístico de sentencias. Así pude confrontar aquello que los que los jueces enuncian, y aquello que los jueces realizan en su labor de administración de justicia y dejan plasmado en las sentencias. También yo he reconstruido el discurso y el relato que los magistrados construyen sobre sus acciones. En este artículo me concentraré en los relatos de los jueces a través de la reconstrucción de sus opiniones en las entrevistas realizadas. El trabajo de campo se realizó en los Tribunales orales de menores de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. La reconstrucción  se organizó en base a tres ejes: la percepción de los jueces sobre la delincuencia juvenil; la regulación legal sobre las personas menores de edad (Régimen penal de la minoridad/ley 22.278 y las representaciones de los jueces sobre el fin de la pena. He podido constatar que en las valoraciones de los jueces emergen cosmovisiones preexistentes sobre el bien, la moral, lo bueno, lo correcto y lo normal. Asimismo, los jueces albergan consensos valoradas positivamente. Estas cosmovisiones marcan pautas de distribución en torno a la norma.  

  4. Recursos y enlaces sobre comunidades de aprendizaje

    Ferrer Esteban, Gerard

    2005-01-01

    Obras y artículos sobre el proyecto Comunidades de Aprendizaje desarrollado en el Estado español. Tesis doctorales sobre comunidades de aprendizaje. Fundamentación teórica de las comunidades de aprendizaje. Sitios en Internet relacionados con las comunidades de aprendizaje y proyectos afines de desarrollo comunitario en contextos escolares.

  5. On GAMER, plataforma de continguts sobre videojocs

    Villegas Bonachera, José Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    Desenvolupament d'una plana web amb disseny responsiu sobre videojocs en català a partir del gestor de continguts WordPress. Desarrollo de una página web con diseño responsivo sobre videojuegos en catalán a partir del gestor de contenidos WordPress. Bachelor thesis for the Multimedia program on Computer Science.

  6. Historicismo: notas sobre um paradigma

    José D’Assunção Barros

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo desenvolver algumas considerações sobre o Historicismo e sua possibilidade de ser examinado como um dos paradigmas que concorrem para o estabelecimento de uma história científica no século XIX. O primeiro ponto tratado é relativo às origens do paradigma Historicista na transição do século XVIII para o século XIX. Na sequência, aproximamo-nos da apropriação conservadora do paradigma historicista no novo contexto no qual a burguesia européia está assentada no Poder, combinando-se com a consolidação dos modernos estados-nações. A especificação das características deste paradigma constituem o principal ponto de análise

  7. Analysis of Project Cost Judicial Identification%工程造价司法鉴定的分析

    华连秋

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes our country for various prope-rties of engineering cost in the process of judicial authenticati-on, the problems encountered at this stage in the judicial ident-ifyication are summarized, in the process of the engineering c-ost should observe the principle of from about, when in fact di-sputes, the cost of single mode, a good grasp of technology m-ethods and procedures, to ensure the authenticity and legality i-dentification results. The project cost judicial authentication is a kind of method in the engineering construction process of di-spute problem judgment. It is different from other appraisal w-ork. According to the characteristics of engineering cost identi-fication, starting from the identification principle combined w-ith the practice of process cost identification, states should pay at ention to several problems in the judicial authentication wor-k, and how to correctly understand and treat the at itude of jud-icial authentication, and discuss how to project cost judicial id-entification through the correct way.%  本文主要叙述了我国对于工程造价司法鉴定过程中的各种性质,对现阶段在司法鉴定中遇到的难题进行了总结,在进行工程造价的过程中要遵守从约原则,当对于事实中出现的争议,采用造价单列的方式,把握好技术方法与工作程序,保证鉴定结果真实合法。工程造价司法鉴定是在工程建设的过程中对出现的纠纷问题做出判断的一种方式,它有着不同于其它鉴定工作的特点。本文根据工程造价鉴定时的特点,从鉴定原则出发结合造价鉴定的实践过程,阐述在进行司法鉴定工作时要注意的几点问题,以及如何以正确的态度认识和对待司法鉴定,并讨论如何通过正确方式进行工程造价的司法鉴定。

  8. Incidencia del suicidio consumado en el partido judicial de San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante Consummated suicide rate in the judicial district of San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante

    G. Ayala Espinosa

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: 1.- Determinar el número de casos de suicidio consumado en San Vicente del Raspeig entre 1990 y 2001. 2.- Describir las características, circunstancias y factores de riesgo asociados. METODOLOGÍA: Se trata de una investigación con diseño de serie temporal compuesta de un conjunto de diez estudios transversales anuales y consecutivos en el periodo 1990-2001. Como fuente de obtención de datos se estudian las diligencias previas de los archivos de los juzgados del Partido Judicial San Vicente del Raspeig. Las variables a considerar son: género, edad, estado civil, mecanismo, lugar del suicidio, municipio dónde tuvo lugar, año del suicidio, intentos anteriores y documentos dejados. Se ha utilizado el test chi-cuadrado y un nivel de significación preestablecido (pOBJECTIVES: 1.- To determine the number of consummated suicides in San Vicente del Raspeig between 1990 and 2001. 2.- To describe the characteristics, circumstances and associated risk factors. METHODOLOGY: It is an investigation of a temporary series made of a sample of ten annual studies between 1990-2001. We used as a source the previous investigations found in the archives of the courts of San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante. The variables to consider are: gender, age, marital status, mechanism, place of suicide, county where it took place, year of suicide, number of attempts previousl and notes left. We used the test as "chi-cuadrado" and a previous determined significance level (p<0.05. RESULTS: The number of suicides is 92. More men (63 than women (29 commit suicide with a proportion of 2.17:1. In all ages we found men that committed suicide. We did not find any women that committed suicide under the age of 30. Men between 50-59 and 70-79 and women around 60 are in the highest rate (p=0.040. Married people commit suicide more than single people with 39 cases, of which 28 are men (56% and 11 women (45.83%. Men prefer hanging (44.44% and women jumping (51.72% (p=0

  9. 刑事司法改革:规范刑法司法解释权若干问题再析%The Criminal Judicial Reform:Re-analysis of Specification for the Judicial Interpretation Power of Criminal Law

    段锟

    2014-01-01

    The modernization level of the promotion of the national system of governance and governance capa-bility is reflected in the field of criminal justice which requires not only the independence of the judiciary laws,but the correctly applied regulations regulating the exercise of judicial interpretation of criminal law.The authorities should strictly grasp the judicial power of judicial interpretation of criminal law in the exercise of the right of judicial interpretation of criminal law,prevent the offside legislation,make clear the validity in term of time,highlight the spiritual character of the restraining criminal law.Only the correct application of criminal law can ensure the real justice and fairness.%提升国家治理体系与治理能力的现代化水平反映在刑事司法领域不仅仅要求司法独立,更要求正确适用刑事法律、法规,规范行使刑法司法解释权。有权机关在行使刑法司法解释权时应严格把握刑法司法解释的司法权能,防止其越位立法,明确刑法司法解释遵循从旧兼从轻的时间效力,彰显刑法谦抑的精神品格,防范突破罪刑法定宪纲性的原则要求。只有刑法得以被正确的适用,才能真正将刑法抽象的正义与公平转化为现实的正义与公平。

  10. Synthesis of Climate Change Policy in Judicial, Executive, and Legislative Branches of U.S. Government

    Robert Brinkmann

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the United States has struggled to develop a comprehensive policy for climate change and concomitant greenhouse gas emissions that addresses the current scientific thinking on the topic. The absence of any clear legislative or executive approach dominated national discussions and the court system was used to litigate a variety of issues associated with global warming. This paper synthesizes actions taken in the three branches of government prior to and immediately following the Obama election. In the Judicial branch, several branches of law have been used to force government and private parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Based on the historic greenhouse gas lawsuit, Massachusetts et al. v. the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA, and under the direction of the Obama administration, the U.S. EPA has taken significant action to regulate greenhouse gases. In the legislative branch, a comprehensive energy and climate bill passed the House of Representatives and comparable and alternate energy and climate bills were debated in the Senate indicating hope for legislation in the 111th Congress. However, these bills proved to be unsuccessful, therefore leaving the U.S. EPA and the courts the only options for national climate policy in the near future.

  11. A comparison of 2 white blood cell count devices to aid judicious antibiotic prescribing.

    Casey, Janet R; Pichichero, Michael E

    2009-04-01

    A low or normal white blood cell (WBC) count is usually associated with viral illnesses. This study evaluated the reliability of a new point-of-care, inexpensive, WBC count device which requires only 10 microL (1 drop) of whole blood from a finger stick to an automated Cell-Dyn counter in a busy office practice setting and assessed its reliability to assist in avoiding antibiotic prescribing. A total of 120 acutely ill children and potential antibiotic recipients were studied from October 2007 to March 2008. The mean WBC count was 7.4x10(9)/L and 8.1x10( 9)/L for the new WBC device and the automated Cell-Dyn counter, respectively. The correlation between the 2 devices was high (r=.988, P=.005). A total of 88 children (73%) did not receive antibiotics and mean WBC was 7.2x10(9)/L. In all, 32 children (27%) received an antibiotic and 1 (3%) returned for a follow-up office visit for the same or a related illness. Of the 88 children with a low blood count who did not receive an antibiotic, 3 (3%) had return visit within 30 days and received an antibiotic. A simple and quick point-of-care WBC count device produces similar results as achievable with a Cell-Dyn counter for total WBCs and may assist in judicious antibiotic prescribing. PMID:19050231

  12. [Medical-legal conduct with individuals in judicial or police custody].

    Medallo Muñiz, Jordi; Martín-Fumadó, Carles; Nuno Vieira, Duarte

    2014-03-01

    The problems involved in caring for individuals in custody, as well as deaths that occur during custody, are relevant aspects of legal and forensic medicine in terms of the possible criminal, civil and administrative responsibility of health professionals and/or public or private institutions that might hold individuals in custody and deprived of freedom. The rule of law should ensure that these cases comply with state law and international agreements and treaties related to human rights and the special treatment of individuals deprived of freedom in hospitals or detention centers. Of particular mention is the medical-forensic activity regarding deaths associated with the use of control holds and/or restraint during the detention of individuals by members of the armed forces or law enforcement or in healthcare centers by safety and healthcare personnel. In these cases, both the immediate healthcare treatment subsequent to the events and the medical-forensic study should be particularly careful. These situations, which are often high profile, cause social alarm and involve judicial actions that can result in especially severe liabilities. PMID:24913748

  13. Legislative, executive branch, regulatory and judicial developments in the USA affecting trade in uranium

    International commerce in uranium continues to be dominated by a complex network of trade barriers and nuclear non-proliferation controls. Nowhere are these barriers and controls more complex than in the United States, or more subject to frequent change. Many in the uranium and utility industries had hoped that the major uranium trade related uncertainties in the United States would be resolved during the summer of 1988. As of mid July 1988, this hope had faded as a much-heralded legislative compromise crumbled and the US Supreme Court's long awaited decision in the Western Nuclear case resolved some issues but opened new avenues of judicial inquiry. This paper distills the main unresolved trade issues and assesses the major ways in which they could be resolved. Pending legislation is reviewed at the outset, followed by a discussion of implications of the USA-Canada Free Trade Agreement and its implementing legislation. The uncertainties remaining after the Supreme Court's decision in the Western Nuclear case are next evaluated. Finally, this paper surveys pending proposals for US governmental controls over some types of national origin and obligation transfers, sometimes referred to as 'flag swaps'. (author)

  14. 147 Mitigating and Aggravating Circumstances. Their Impact on Judicial Individualization of Punishment

    Cosmin Peonaşu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available For an act to fall under criminal law it is sufficient for it to meet the minimum conditions to achieve constitutive content of the offense. However, committing a criminal act takes place, in most cases, in a complex set of variables specific to each case, variables that, without characterizing the act as an offense or the perpetrator's person as subject of that offence, helps determining, on one hand, the social danger of the committed crime and, on the other hand, knowing the offender as an individual and its social dangerousness. Mitigating and aggravating circumstances are such variables and they have a specific impact on criminal responsibility of the perpetrator. These circumstances have a major influence on judicial individualization of punishment because their effect is preset by the Law and acts separately on the length or amount of punishment. This study aims both students and practitioners or academics and highlights on one hand, the legislative solutions of the new Criminal Code and on the other hand, the differences between the old and the new Criminal Code.

  15. Performance-Based Budgeting and Management of Judicial Courts in France: an Assessment

    Thierry Kirat

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency of civil justice has become a central issue in several communities, including national states that have undertaken to reform their civil procedures rules and/or to implement methods of case management (such as the USA and United Kingdomand international organizations such as the Council of Europe and the World Bank. Of course, there has always also been interest on the part of legal academics and judicial/court administration professionals.Court systems have two aspects: on one side, as public institutions, their funding, the recruitment of judges and clerks and employees, the procedural rules they must comply with, are determined by the state. On the other side, as organizations producing dispute resolution services, their operation and management are borne by the chiefs of courts. The importance of capacity management of the former, who are most often judges, is now acknowledged by most specialists, even if the compatibility between legal rationality and managerial rationality is questioned by some of them. This article seeks to explain the situation of French courts, focusing on court administration that can not be addressed without taking account of the broader framework of State policy concerning most specifically the budget-setting process which has undergone recent radical reforms.

  16. Organization Development of the Dutch Judiciary, between Accountability and Judicial Independence

    Philip Langbroek

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The Netherlands are a country on the European Continent with a French inspired legal system as far as civil and criminal law is concerned. Administrative law has followed a different development and reflects the middle position of the Netherlands between the French, English and German administrative law systems, while maintaining a dominant procedural position of public administration. However, the organization of the Dutch judiciary mainly follows the lines of the original French conceptions: it has been organized in accordance with the concepts brought to the low countries by Napoleons’ army. This traditional continental judicial organization, operated by the ministry of justice and court presidents’ for over 150 years has gone through considerable institutional and organizational change during the last 15 years. In this article I will sketch the outcomes of a mayor evaluation research of the changes in the Dutch judiciary that started in 1995 and evolve until today. I will do this by first describing the change process against the background of the New Public Management. Second, I will describe the proposals for change and the actual changes. Finally I will describe the most salient outcomes of the evaluation study. I will conclude with a brief discussion of these outcomes.

  17. Democracia versus tutela judicial, derecho a la defensa y tiempo procesal = Democracy versus effective protection of the court, right defense and procedural time

    Albert Silvestre, María de los Reyes

    2013-01-01

    Frente al problema del desprestigio del orden judicial actual nos planteamos la conveniencia de conocer cuáles son los rasgos comunes, los tres pilares que deben orientar cualquier sistema jurisdiccional justo, como son el Derecho de Defensa, la Tutela Judicial Efectiva y el Tiempo Judicial. Después nos detenemos en las consecuencias de ese problema y como puede corregirse a nivel de la Unión Europea de acuerdo con el objetivo de alcanzar «Una Europa de la Ley y de la Jus...

  18. El papel del poder judicial en la consolidación de la democracia y el Estado de Derecho en El Salvador

    Benítez Giralt, Rafael Leónidas

    2003-01-01

    La realidad jurídica y política del Poder Judicial en nuestros tiempos exige un serio y profundo replanteo. Las crisis políticas y de la ley, las desigualdades económicas y sociales, la complejidad de los problemas culturales y de la sociedad, obligan al Poder Judicial a tener la capacidad de afrontar dichas realidades. Esta misma situación ha estado acompañada de una expansión de la función judicial, la cual, puede traer problemas y desajustes en el orden político y en la relación con los ot...

  19. Some observations concerning the judicial reform in Romania. Is there no matter more pressing than the fight against corruption?

    Ovidiu Gherasim‑Proca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Before being an element of constitutional order, the judicial system is a public service. Arbitrating disputes, conflict resolution and prosecuting crimes are, first of all, valuable functions for the community. This article presents the Romanian judiciary especially from this perspective. The relation between politics and the judiciary was particularly problematic in recent years. The judicial institutions’ struggle for autonomy was accompanied by unprecedented political crises. Yet, the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM continuously encouraged institutional reform, initiating very active anti-corruption policies, as well as the implementation of new civil and criminal procedure rules. At the same time, we can notice the rapid increase in the volume of new causes recorded by courts of law in civil matters, which entails the risk of severe deterioration of public legal services and requires an appropriate administrative response.

  20. Somos un envase : Discursos sobre el aborto

    Löcher, Jennifer Irene

    2014-01-01

    No hay persona que no tenga opinión acerca del asunto y, cada vez más, la sociedad argentina debate sobre la pregunta de si se debe legalizar/despenalizar el aborto o no. Nunca antes se habló tanto sobre el tema públicamente: se publican artículos en los diarios, hay manifestaciones a favor y hay manifestaciones en contra de la legalización del aborto. El siguiente trabajo pretende relevar y analizar discursos que circulan socialmente alrededor del debate sobre el aborto. (Párrafo extraíd...

  1. Concepciones sobre la docencia universitaria de calidad

    Arbeláez López, Ruby; Fortes del Valle, M. Carmen; Grau Rubio, Claudia

    2008-01-01

    Con esta investigación hemos querido participar en el proceso de búsqueda y construcción del sentido de calidad aplicado a la docencia universitaria, con el objetivo general de evidenciar las concepciones sobre docencia de calidad que pueden deducirse de los procesos de evaluación de los profesores universitarios. Nuestra meta final intenta propiciar la revisión de las políticas educativas y el enriquecimiento de la cultura sobre docencia y sobre evaluación docente. La mayor aportación de nue...

  2. Ensaio sobre Saramago = Essay on Saramago

    Weigert, Sergio

    2013-01-01

    Partindo da obra de José Saramago, Ensaio sobre a Cegueira, constrói-se o “Ensaio sobre Saramago” sob perspectiva filosófica, fundamentada particularmente em Fredric Jameson. A interrupção da quotidianidade, matéria do desenvolvimento do conteúdo, faz aflorar a hipótese da temporalidade congelada, suporte da argumentação do teórico. Levanta-se a discussão sobre Modernidade e Pós-Modernidade da obra de Saramago, avançando no recurso da ironia, não como alicerce, mas como teia que tece, envolve...

  3. Puente sobre el Oosterschelde, Holanda

    Hoving, H. T.

    1967-03-01

    Full Text Available This new bridge, forming part of the Delta project, is made of concrete, and was built by successive overhangs. Precast units were mainly used. The bridge is 5,000 m long, and is 11.85 m wide. The main spans are 95 m in length, except one, which can be opened up to sea traffic, which is 40 m long. The free height of the bridge over the sea is 15 m, which is insufficient for large ships. This required that one of the spans, in deep water, should open up, on hinges, and provide free passage to large ships. The intermediate bridge supports are of special interest. They rest on piles which go down to 38 m. They are hollow, cylindrical, of 4.35 m external diameter, and are driven into the ground in several stages, as they penetrate through the sands at the bottom of the Oosterschelde. To drive them in, an excavating device, inside the pile, was utilised, and also a dredging and suction mechanism, to clean out the bottom, and allow the piles to sink by gravity. But when external friction did not allow this to happen, the piles were weighed down with up to 500 tons of ballast. A series of three of these piles, in a row, makes up each bridge support. A cross member over the pile heads supports, in turn, the bridge deck. The bridge was built in successive sections, overhanging from each support, and then finally connected with a central portion. Use of precast units has been very extensive, so that the bridge can be justiaflably regarded as being prefabricated.Este nuevo puente, que forma parte del Plan de obras denominadas del Delta, es de hormigón y se ha construido por el procedimiento de voladizos sucesivos, utilizando, en su mayor parte, elementos prefabricados. Tiene una longitud total de 5.000 m; una anchura de 11,85 m; tramos principales de 95 m de luz, salvo uno, levadizo, que tiene 40 m. La altura libre sobre las ag^uas del mar es de 15 m, que es insuficiente para las naves de gran tonelaje; esto exigió que uno de sus tramos, en aguas

  4. A competição profissional no mundo do Direito Professional competition in the judicial world

    Maria da Gloria Bonelli

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo focaliza o mundo profissional do Direito numa comarca de médio porte do interior do Estado de São Paulo, analisando a dinâmica deste campo centrada na competição profissional entre juízes, advogados, funcionários de cartório, promotores de justiça e delegados de polícia. O mundo do Direito engloba, além dessas competições interprofissionais, as competições intraprofissionais que são estudadas detalhadamente aqui para o caso dos juízes, dos delegados de polícia e dos funcionários de cartório. Esta concepção procura relacionar os lugares ocupados por eles no sistema das profissões como fatores condicionantes das suas interações, estabelecendo as possibilidades e fornecendo os recursos para as mudanças buscadas através das disputas profissionais. A análise das tensões entre o Judiciário e o Legislativo delimitam o pertencimento dos profissionais ao mundo do Direito, configurando-o como um grupo com uma dimensão comum, em conflito com as posições tomadas pelos legisladores.This paper focuses on the interprofessional and intraprofessional competition among judges, prosecutors, lawyers, police chiefs and judicial registry personnel. It is based in a qualitative case study of a judicial district in the state of São Paulo. The paper emphasizes the importance of plancing the focus of the study on interdependencies of Brazilian legal professions to understand the dynamics of the judicial world.

  5. Pemberlakuan Perjanjian Internasional Di Indonesia Dikaitkan Dengan Judicial Review Terhadap Piagam Asean Di Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

    Nababan, Tulus Pardamean

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to determine how the application of international treaties in Indonesia based on the setting of international law and national law of Indonesia then linked to the judicial review of the ASEAN Charter in the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia associated with Indonesia attachment to an international treaty and how a law which constitute endorsement Parliament consent forms that contain ASEAN Charter as its attachments which is a whole contains norms of internation...

  6. EL FEDERALISMO JUDICIAL Y LA PROTECCIÓN DE LOS DERECHOS FUNDAMENTALES EN LA REPÚBLICA ARGENTINA

    Antonio M. Hernández

    2009-01-01

    Argentinean judicial federalism is described, wherein there exists a federaljudiciary and also a separate judiciary for each of the provinces and the autonomouscity of Buenos Aires. The powers of the respective judiciaries arediscussed, along with the provisions of the American convention on humanrights. Emphasis is given to control over diffuse constitutionality, which meansthat any federal or provincial judge is empowered in this area, although thefederal supreme court of justice is the fin...

  7. Judicial review of the management of assistance provided by the European Social Fund for the promotion of employment

    Dimitrios V. Skiadas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the matters arising during the judicial review of the management of the assistance provided through the European Social Fund for the promotion of employment. Issues such as the direct actions for annulment, the actions for failure to act, the enforcement actions, the preliminary rulings and the actions for damages are examined in detail. The analysis focuses on topics like the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of the applicants, the grounds of review, etc.

  8. Judicial review of the management of assistance provided by the European Social Fund for the promotion of employment

    Skiadas, Dimitrios V.

    2002-01-01

    This article considers the matters arising during the judicial review of the management of the assistance provided through the European Social Fund for the promotion of employment. Issues such as the direct actions for annulment, the actions for failure to act, the enforcement actions, the preliminary rulings and the actions for damages are examined in detail. The analysis focuses on topics like the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of the applicants, the grounds of review, etc.

  9. Judicial Review of the Budgetary Authority during the enactment of the European Union’s Budget

    Dimitrios V. Skiadas

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the problems arising during the judicial review of the budgetary procedure in the European Union. Matters such as the jurisdiction of the ECJ, the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of all applicants as well as the grounds of review are examined in detail. Some problems of the budgetary procedure are also highlighted and there are some proposals aiming to improve the current situation.

  10. Judicial nominees who have confirmation hearings during divided government are much more likely to face ideological questions

    Dancey, Logan; Nelson, Kjersten R.; Ringsmuth, Eve M.

    2014-01-01

    While the U.S. Senate is now unable to make use of the filibuster to delay judicial nominees to federal circuit and district courts, they must still undergo a hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee. New research from Logan Dancey, Kjersten R. Nelson and Eve M. Ringsmuth finds that the political environment is a better predictor of the hearing’s content and questions than the characteristics of the nominee under scrutiny. They write that nominees who face confirmation hearings when the ...

  11. Justicia sin la Rama Judicial: Estado de Derecho y desigualdad como desafios para el fortalecimiento de la democracia brasilera.

    Ana Tereza Lemus Nelson.

    2003-01-01

    In this article the author argues that the scant existence of state agencies equipped to carry out legal actions in Brazil - described by Guillermo O’Donnell as the inoperance of accountability - is attributable to the weakness of the state of law in this country. The implications of a weak state of law for the quality and sustainability of democracy in Brazil are analyzed in two of the most grave cases of judicial impunity: racial discrimination and public security.

  12. Justicia sin la Rama Judicial: Estado de Derecho y desigualdad como desafios para el fortalecimiento de la democracia brasilera.

    Ana Tereza Lemus Nelson.

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author argues that the scant existence of state agencies equipped to carry out legal actions in Brazil - described by Guillermo O’Donnell as the inoperance of accountability - is attributable to the weakness of the state of law in this country. The implications of a weak state of law for the quality and sustainability of democracy in Brazil are analyzed in two of the most grave cases of judicial impunity: racial discrimination and public security.

  13. La justicia ignorada: tratamiento de la información judicial en prensa

    Liliana María Gutiérrez Coba

    2004-01-01

    Este artículo muestra los resultados de una investigación sobre la manera como la prensa colombiana aborda los temas relacionados con la criminalidad y la justicia, cuyo buen manejo periodístico es indispensable en países que, como los latinoamericanos, presentan altas tasas de corrupción y delincuencia común y organizada. El análisis fue aplicado a seis importantes periódicos colombianos, en los cuales se encontró un bajo interés por los temas de justicia y una peligrosa tendencia a no atri...

  14. Renegotiating «law and order»: judicial reform and citizen responses in post-war Guatemala Renegociando «la ley y el orden»: reforma judicial y respuesta ciudadana en la Guatemala de posguerra

    Rachel SIEDER

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines reforms aimed at strengthening the rule of law in Guatemala implemented since the signing of the Peace Accords in December 1996. Despite nearly $200 millions in foreign aid to the justice sector, impunity remains the rule, the judicial process is subverted by military and criminal networks, citizen confidence in the judicial system remains low and recourse to non-judicial measures –the «privatisation of justice»– is on the increase. It is argued that the institutionally-focused approach to rule of law reform currently predominating in donor thinking ignores the historical context within which understandings of «law», «justice» and «rights» are shaped. Institutions do matter, but only by understanding the role of law in long­run processes of State formation and the dynamic, inter-subjective nature of legal interactions can we begin to understand the specificities of socio-legal change. Este artículo examina las reformas al fortalecimiento del Estado de Derecho en Guatemala implementadas desde la firma de los Acuerdos de Paz de 1996. Pese a los casi 200 millones de dólares en ayuda externa al sector judicial, la impunidad sigue siendo la norma; los procesos judiciales son socavados por redes militares y criminales; la confianza ciudadana en el sistema judicial se mantiene baja y la recurrencia a medidas fuera del sistema –«la privatización de la justicia»– va en aumento. Se cree que los enfoques que se centran en reformar las instituciones legales que actualmente predominan entre los donantes ignoran el contexto histórico específico en el que se formaron los conceptos de «ley», «justicia» y «derecho». Si bien las instituciones son importantes, solamente cuando se entienda el papel del derecho en los procesos de largo plazo de formación del Estado, así como la naturaleza dinámica de las interacciones legales, podremos comenzar a comprender las particularidades del cambio sociolegal.

  15. Puente sobre el rio Medway

    Freeman, Fox, Ingenieros

    1963-02-01

    have been prestressed both longitudinally and transversally. Between the two circulation roadways an elastic barrier has been placed, supported on metal posts.El puente sobre el río Medway tiene la misión de salvar dicho río en el nuevo trazado de carretera necesario para aliviar el denso tráfico estival entre Dower y Londres. Está situado en las proximidades de la ciudad de Rochester. La estructura se ha construido utilizando las vías de concurso. De todos los tipos presentados se eligió una estructura de hormigón armado. La longitud total de la obra es de 1.000 m. Los tres tramos principales de la obra salvan el río. El central es de 152 m de luz, y los dos adyacentes son de 103 m cada uno. Los accesos tienen un total de 18 tramos, que arrojan una longitud de 654 m. La anchura del puente es de 34 m, y la calzada se ha subdividido en dos direcciones de tráfico de 7,30 m cada una y, además, se han dejado dos espaldones laterales de 2,40 m de anchura. En planta se puede admitir que el puente tiene una alineación recta con una ligerísima curva, y que en el plano vertical presenta una pendiente de desagüe entre las pilas 9 y 10. Los estribos son de hormigón armado: tipo celular el del este y de hormigón en masa el del oeste. Los estribos se apoyan sobre pilotes hexagonales de hormigón armado cuya circunferencia circunscrita tiene 55 cm de radio y de 12 a 20 m de longitud. Cuando el firme se hallaba a profundidades inferiores a 6 m, los estribos se cimentaban directamente sobre el firme. Las pilas constituyen pórtico y tienen una altura variable de 9 a 30 m sobre el nivel del suelo. Los tramos de acceso forman una estructura continua simplemente apoyada. Cada tramo se compone de ocho vigas longitudinales de 30 a 41 m de longitud y de 190 toneladas cada una. Estas vigas son del tipo pretensado y prefabricado. El tramo central es del tipo cantilever, constituido por dos brazos, de 30 m de longitud, formados por vigas cajón. Cada una de estas vigas consta

  16. PERSPECTIVAS INFANTILES SOBRE LA TERRITORIALIDAD

    Noelia Enriz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo nos proponemos un acercamiento a las diversas ideas infantiles sobre el territorio habitado, en el contexto particular de la población mbyá guaraní de Misiones. La fragilidad territorialidad a la que es expuesta la población indígena en Argentina se manifiestan cotidianamente en diversas áreas. La población mbyá, ha sido surcada por los límites de los estados nacionales de Paraguay, Brasil y Argentina. La sedentarización y los cercamientos de tierras en los diferentes estados, han impulsado transformaciones de las lógicas de subsistencia, de habitación y organización comunitaria. En el caso de la provincia de Misiones la acreditación burocrática de los títulos de tierras se encuentra aplazada, el estado no se compromete con la concreción de este derecho.

  17. Estudo multicasos sobre atividades inovativas

    Sonia Regina Hierro Parolin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Em estudos sobre competitividade argumenta-se que as empresas necessitam de estratégias baseadas em inovações e de capacidades internas em constantes e intensas transformações, não somente nos padrões tecnológicos, mas também no encadeamento do processo de gestão das atividades inovativas, como processos dinâmicos, não lineares e diversificados, em função de múltiplos fatores dos ambientes interno e externo. Para contribuir com essas discussões, neste artigo apresenta-se um estudo multicasos em quatro indústrias de médio e grande portes, de segmentos, densidades tecnológicas e históricos com inovações diferentes entre si. Como principais resultados, salientam-se o encadeamento das atividades inovativas como parte de uma estratégia organizacional para obter resultados com inovação e a afluência de todas as pessoas, e não somente as alocadas em pesquisa e desenvolvimento, para o cumprimento dessa estratégia.

  18. Sobre a psicopatologia dos atos

    Roberto Calazans

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende apresentar a psicopatologia dos atos a partir do esquema de Jacques Lacan sobre a angústia. Diferenciamos os acting-out, a passagem ao ato, os sintomas, as inibições e a angústia fazendo uma duplicação do esquema de Lacan levando em consideração os registros do simbólico, do real e do imaginário. Esse esquema permite uma abordagem da questão dos atos do sujeito sem cair em uma perplexidade do clínico, nem na confusão entre os atos e a ação. Permite também uma melhor orientação do clínico em relação às diversas modalidades de respostas subjetivas que não se restringem à questão sintomática, que é o campo inaugural da clínica psicanalítica desde a sua fundação por Sigmund Freud. Acreditamos contribuir, assim, para um maior esclarecimento desse esquema no ensino de Lacan e para que ele possa servir de orientação para o tratamento dos atos do sujeito na clínica.

  19. El Impuesto sobre Sociedades - Tema 5

    Andrés Aucejo, Eva

    2008-01-01

    El Impuesto sobre Sociedades: Hecho imponible. Sujeto pasivo. Imputación temporal de ingresos y gastos. Régimen de transparencia fiscal. La base imponible: Ingresos computables, partidas deducibles y no deducibles. Reinversión de beneficios extraordinarios.

  20. Los derechos de autor sobre obtenciones vegetales

    Rosario Silva Gilli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Contenido: Las creaciones en la agricultura. Los derechos de autor sobre obtenciones vegetales. El Convenio Internacional para la protección de las obtenciones vegetales (París 1961 y sus revisiones de Ginebra 1972, 1978,1991 Objeto de la protección legal. Condiciones del cultivar. Alcance de la protección. La protección de obtenciones vegetales en el Mercosur. Los Derechos de autor en el Mercosur. El Protocolo de Armonización de normas sobre Propiedad Intelectual en el Mercosur. El Acuerdo de Cooperación y facilitación sobre la protección de las obtenciones vegetales en los Estados Partes del Mercosur.  Alcance de la normativa Mercosur. Los Derechos sobre cultivares en Uruguay. Los Derechos de autor como derechos humanos. ¿Derechos de autor vs. derecho de propiedad intelectual? Reflexión final

  1. Comentario bibliográfico de La revisión judicial de las políticas sociales. Estudio de Caso

    Bulit Goñi, Magdalena

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Comentario bibliográfico de ABRAMOVICH, Víctor y PAUTASSI, Laura (comp.: La revisión judicial de las políticas sociales. Estudio de casos, Editores del Puerto, Buenos Aires, 2009.

  2. The African Human Rights Judicial System: A Proposal For Streamlining Structures And Domestication Mechanisms Viewed From The Foreign Affairs Power Perspective

    Franceschi-Franceschi, L.G. (Luis Gabriel); Bermejo-García, R. (Romualdo); López-Jacoiste-Díaz, E. (Eugenia)

    2012-01-01

    The present study deals with these two interconnected yet often forgotten realities of the constitutional order in Africa: First, the ‗foreign affairs power‘ that gives the specific organs of the State the capacity to create and empower universal, regional and sub-regional governance and judicial structures.14 Secondly, the ‗international judicial function in Africa‘, with focus on the African Court on Human and Peoples‘ Rights and the upcoming merger with the African Court of Justice. In thi...

  3. La cooperación judicial en materia penal en el marco del espacio de libertad, seguridad y justicia de la Unión Europea

    Maeso Bernarás, Iñigo Andoni

    2016-01-01

    Perspectiva general de la situación actual de la cooperación judicial penal en el marco del ELSJ. Se pretende orecer un mapa normativo a nivel comunitario como estatal. Especial mención a la Orden Europea de detención y entrega (Euroorden). Análisis del marco institucional de apoyo a la cooperación judicial penal.

  4. Collaborators at domestic jurisdiction: the case of the Basque Government in the setting up of the new Judicial Office in the Basque Country

    Izaskun Iriarte Irureta

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The Administration of Justice in Spain is going through a deep modernisation process aiming both at procedural and organisational reforms. The setting up of the new Judicial Office is precisely the major change of the organisation of the Administration of Justice in the last century. In this context, there is a shift in the role played by the regional governments with responsibilities in the field of Justice, as far as these regional governments are not only collaborators of the Judiciary at domestic jurisdiction, but they also become “actors” as they have decision making powers to create, to design and to organise the common procedural services of the Judicial Office and, hence, to set up the Judicial Office in each judicial district in their territory.This text presents the context and the reasons behind the setting up of the Judicial Office as a new way of organisation of the Spanish Administration of Justice; the Judiciary in Spain and the responsibilities of the regional governments in the Administration of Justice; the meaning of the Judicial Office and its guiding principles; the role of the Basque Government in setting up the Judicial Office in the Basque Country, paying special attention to its activity in the field of standardization of processes, the quality system, and of information, communication and coordination; the results of the first Judicial Offices. Finally the paper questions whether the regional or national governments are just “collaborators” or real “actors” of the Administration of Justice at domestic jurisdiction.

  5. Judicious use of custom development in an open source component architecture

    Bristol, S.; Latysh, N.; Long, D.; Tekell, S.; Allen, J.

    2014-12-01

    Modern software engineering is not as much programming from scratch as innovative assembly of existing components. Seamlessly integrating disparate components into scalable, performant architecture requires sound engineering craftsmanship and can often result in increased cost efficiency and accelerated capabilities if software teams focus their creativity on the edges of the problem space. ScienceBase is part of the U.S. Geological Survey scientific cyberinfrastructure, providing data and information management, distribution services, and analysis capabilities in a way that strives to follow this pattern. ScienceBase leverages open source NoSQL and relational databases, search indexing technology, spatial service engines, numerous libraries, and one proprietary but necessary software component in its architecture. The primary engineering focus is cohesive component interaction, including construction of a seamless Application Programming Interface (API) across all elements. The API allows researchers and software developers alike to leverage the infrastructure in unique, creative ways. Scaling the ScienceBase architecture and core API with increasing data volume (more databases) and complexity (integrated science problems) is a primary challenge addressed by judicious use of custom development in the component architecture. Other data management and informatics activities in the earth sciences have independently resolved to a similar design of reusing and building upon established technology and are working through similar issues for managing and developing information (e.g., U.S. Geoscience Information Network; NASA's Earth Observing System Clearing House; GSToRE at the University of New Mexico). Recent discussions facilitated through the Earth Science Information Partners are exploring potential avenues to exploit the implicit relationships between similar projects for explicit gains in our ability to more rapidly advance global scientific cyberinfrastructure.

  6. The Case of Pharmacological Neuroenhancement: Medical, Judicial and Ethical Aspects from a German Perspective.

    Franke, A G; Northoff, R; Hildt, E

    2015-11-01

    Pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) describes the use of psychoactive drugs for the purpose of enhancing cognition (e. g., fatigue, concentration, memory etc.) by healthy subjects without medical need. Drugs used for this purpose can be divided into freely available, over-the-counter drugs (e. g., methylxanthines such as caffeine), prescription drugs (e. g., antidementia drugs, methylphenidate) and illicit drugs (e. g., illicit amphetamines). Clinical studies have shown that the aforementioned substances only have limited pro-cognitive effects and have considerable safety risks and side effects.The German judicial perspective shows legal differences between substances (drugs, food, food supplements, fortified food) that can be bought in a supermarket, drugs that can be bought in a pharmacy as over-the-counter- (OTC-) drugs, drugs with or without the need for a prescription and illicit drugs. Supermarket drugs and fortified food can be sold freely and follow the general rules of civil and penal law; regarding acquisition, parents are responsible for their children. OTC drugs require special information about therapy. Regarding prescription drugs, there are legal problems caused by an off-label use and the non-medical purposes of PN drugs. Furthermore, prescription stimulants for PN are governed by the specialized law for narcotics, and their use might be punished. Beyond the general lack of rules for regulation for PN drug use there are specific needs for prevention (e. g., control of the black market, etc.).Possible future policy will depend, among others, on the probability with which effective PN drugs with an acceptable risk-benefit ratio will be available, on individual and societal implications, and on public opinion towards PN. While 4 different general policy scenarios can be identified, it is important to advance a broad societal debate on PN to collect relevant empirical data and to address enhancement-related conceptual issues. PMID:26252723

  7. Non-Judicial Hanging in Guilan Province, Iran between 2011 and 2013

    Vahid Monsef Kasmaee

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hanging is one of the most commonly used way to commit suicide in many countries. This method used in suicide is considered a problem in Iran too, but no clear data exists regarding hanging in different regions or the country as a whole. Because of the epidemiologic differences in non-judicial hanging in different regions, this study aimed to assess it in Gilan province, Iran between 2011 and 2013. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, profiles of hanging cases registered in Poorsina hospital in Gilan, Iran between 2011 and 2013 were evaluated. Age, sex, marital status, place of residency, level of education, occupation, history of suicide, history of clinical illness, season of suicide and hanging outcome were evaluated. Results: 59 cases of hanging (mean age 31.4 ± 13.1 years and 83.0% male were evaluated. 12 (20.34% suffered from psychological disorders, and 9 (15.2% confessed to substance abuse. 7 (11.9% had a history of suicide attempts by hanging. Hanging was significantly higher in men (p<0.001, people with an education level of less than high school diploma (p=0.02 and the unemployed (p<0.05 patients. In the end, 20 (33.9% of these attempts resulted in death. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that in 2 years, 59 cases committed suicide by hanging themselves, 33.9% of which finally died. Committing suicide by hanging was significantly more prevalent in men, people with an education level of less than high school diploma and the unemployed.

  8. In Defence of Culture? Racialised Sexual Violence and Agency in Legal and Judicial Narratives

    Selda Dagistanli

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available There is a rich body of work in critical race and feminist theories that have criticised as Euro/Anglo-centric, and hence exclusionary, the liberal foundations of Western democratic legal systems. The basis of such critiques is that legal personhood is premised on an atomistic individual agent that purports to be neutral but in actuality reflects and maintains the hegemonic gendered and raced status quo privileging the white, middle to upper-class man to the exclusion of women and all racial and cultural Others. Some approaches, such as cultural defences in criminal law, have sought to address this via a recognition and incorporation of the difference of Other groups and their different moral norms, proclivities and circumstances. To illustrate, this discussion will draw on a cultural defence that was advanced in a series of group sexual violence cases that involved four Pakistani, Muslim brothers. While concluding that culture permeates the actions of all individuals, this article seeks to show how cultural recognition approaches in law often overlook the individual agency of those differentiated through their racial, ethnic and religious visibility. Instead of asserting the primacy of individual free will and a rational agent as the main driver of criminal behaviour cultural defences, in particular, appear to attribute criminal action to the morally aberrant traditions and practices of non-Western cultures. At the same time, such approaches to cultural recognition fail to acknowledge that culture, and not just the culture of Others, is necessarily the backdrop for all (group sexual violence. With these points in mind, the paper ends with some suggestions for accommodating alternative narratives that seek to avoid the reductive scripts that currently appear to characterise legal and judicial musings on culture

  9. La práctica de la diligencia judicial de autopsia en los supuestos de fallecidos en los que se han extraído órganos para su trasplante

    P.J. Pérez Jorge

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available En España, el número de donaciones de fallecidos judiciales es mayor que en otros países de nuestro entorno, posiblemente porque el modelo español facilita en gran medida la interconexión activa entre el médico forense, el Juez de guardia y los coordinadores de trasplantes. Desde esta perspectiva humana, enaltece a la sociedad, basándose en la solidaridad y el altruismo por parte del donante y su familia. También la dota de un alto nivel sociocultural y técnico, tanto por la cantidad como por la calidad de los profesionales que intervienen en todo el operativo de trasplantes. En el presente trabajo se analiza la intervención judicial y del médico forense en las donaciones de órganos de cadáveres judiciales, enfatizando sobre las situaciones que en la práctica se pueden producir con respecto a las autopsias, así como en la necesidad de planes de actuación y protocolos que faciliten la intervención de los distintos operadores implicados para minimizar, en la medida de lo posible, el número de negativas judiciales.

  10. Estudio de seis suicidios consumados por ingestión de carbamatos en el partido judicial de La Laguna (Tenerife durante el período 1998-2002

    M.L Suárez Solá

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Las Islas Canarias son una de las regiones españolas con mayor incidencia de intoxicaciones por plaguicidas (1. En este trabajo se han estudiado los suicidios consumados por carbamatos en el Partido Judicial de La Laguna entre 1998 y 2002. De un total de 96 muertes suicidas, el 25% (24 casos fueron causados por productos agrícolas. De éstos, el 62,5% (15 casos fueron debidos a Paraquat, el 12,5% (3 casos a organofosforados y el 25% (6 casos a carbamatos. Centramos este estudio en este 25% de muertes por carbamatos profundizando en la letalidad de los mismos. A pesar de no estar incluidos en los programas de productos muy peligrosos por su menor letalidad, en relación a los otros insecticidas, en este trabajo presentamos seis casos clínicos de intoxicación aguda por carbamatos culminados con fallecimientos. El producto comercial más utilizado fue el Lannate. Mayoritariamente fueron varones con antecedentes psiquiátricos y consumo de alcohol. Los hechos ocurrieron en su domicilio y en el medio rural. Constatamos que, a pesar de la normativa sobre la prevención de riesgos laborales, continuamos con una elevada incidencia de esta casuística en las islas canarias

  11. On the relationship between judicial examination and law education%论司法考试与法律教育的关系

    李波

    2013-01-01

    司法考试与法律教育应是一种相互促进、相互协调的关系,但目前我国现行的教育体制往往采取的是司法考试倾向性教育模式,即法律教育为司法考试服务的现象。论文从司法考试与法律教育的关系展开,进一步阐述司法考试对法律教育的促进和阻碍,并提出对司法考试制度改革和法律教育制度改革的设想。%The judicial examination and law education are a kind of mutual promotion, mutual coordination of the relationship, but in our current education system is often taken to be the judicial examination orientation education mode, namely legal education serve for the judicial examination. This paper starts from the relationship between judicial examination and legal education, to further promote and hinder judicial examination on legal education, and put forward the tentative idea of judicial examination system reform and legal reform of the education system.

  12. PERSPECTIVAS INFANTILES SOBRE LA TERRITORIALIDAD

    NOELIA ENRIZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a different approach to children's ideas about the geographical area in the particular context of the Mbyá Guarani population, from Misiones (Argentine. The territorial fragility, that is exposed to the indigenous people in Argentina aremanifested daily in several areas. Mbyá population, has been crossed by the boundaries of national states of Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina. The sedentary and enclosures land processes in different states, have prompted changes in the logic of subsistence, housing and community organization. In Misiones province case, bureaucratic accreditation of land titles is postponed, the state is not committed to the realization of this right.RESUMEN: En este trabajo nos proponemos un acercamiento a las diversas ideas infantiles sobre el territorio habitado, en el contexto particular de la población mbyá guaraní de Misiones. La fragilidad territorialidad a la que es expuesta la población indígena en Argentina se manifiestan cotidianamente en diversas áreas. La población mbyá, ha sido surcada por los límites de los estados nacionales de Paraguay, Brasil y Argentina. La sedentarización y los cercamientos de tierras en los diferentes estados, han impulsado transformaciones de las lógicas de subsistencia, de habitación y organización comunitaria. En el caso de la provincia de Misiones la acreditación burocrática de los títulos de tierras se encuentra aplazada, el estado no se compromete con la concreción de este derecho.

  13. Consideraciones preliminares sobre la credibilidad

    Fernando Verdugo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A modo de introducción al Seminario Interno de Profesores de la Facultad de Teología de la PUC, el autor recuerda, en primer lugar, lo que suele entenderse por "credibilidad" y, también, algunos de los criterios generales por los cuales algo o alguien adquiere la calidad de creíble (el que sea razonable, relevante o significativo, capaz de producir gozo estético, etc.. Luego, en la parte más extensa, el autor vuelve a llamar la atención sobre la necesidad de atender a los condicionamientos culturales de la fe cristiana. La fe, al igual que toda experiencia humana, está culturalmente mediada. Tomar conciencia de ese hecho y asumir las consecuencias metodológicas es indispensable para una teología que quiere poner atención a los desafíos actuales y contribuir así a la credibilidad del cristianismoThis article reprints the introductory session to the internal seminar of lecturers from the Faculty of Theology of the UC. In the first place, the author sums up what is usually understood by `credibility' and the general criteria through which something or someone gains credibility (being reasonable, relevant or significant, capable of producing aesthetic pleasure. Then the author deals at length with the need to take notice of the cultural conditionings of the Christian faith. The faith, the same as any other human experience, is culturally mediated. It is crucial for theology to become aware of this fact and come to terms with its methodological consequences, if it wants to face current challenges and so contribute to the credibility of Christianity

  14. Internação psiquiátrica e ordem judicial: saberes e poderes sobre adolescentes usuários de drogas ilícitas Internación psiquiátrica y orden judicial: saberes y poderes sobre adolescentes usuarios de drogas ilícitas Psychiatric internments and judicial orders: knowledge and power with regard to drug-abuse young people

    Andrea Cristina Coelho Scisleski; Cleci Maraschin

    2008-01-01

    Este artigo analisa a internação psiquiátrica compulsória destinada a adolescentes usuários de drogas que vivem em situação de marginalidade social, a partir de uma pesquisa de mestrado no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social e Institucional/UFRGS, realizada em um hospital psiquiátrico público na cidade de Porto Alegre/Brasil. O objetivo do estudo é investigar como a internação psiquiátrica, nesses moldes, é produzida, levando em conta as trajetórias sociais dos adolescentes. A disc...

  15. La mediación a la luz de la tutela judicial efectova.

    Torres Osorio, Edilsa

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Los seres humanos buscamos siempre tener la razón cuando se nos presenta una diferencia con otros/as, que se nos conceda la razón sobre un hecho o que se haga justicia ante una circunstancia que pensamos que es injusta o contraria al derecho. Así, aparece en las relaciones humanas: ¿el tener un derecho o no tenerlo¿; y nace la necesidad de que el Estado limite, a través de las leyes, cuáles son los derechos y las obligaciones frente al/a la otro/a y a su vez que, determine las vías legal...

  16. SHIFTING JUDICIAL CONCEPTIONS OF 'RECONCILIATION': GEOGRAPHIC COMMITMENTS UNDERPINNING ABORIGINAL RIGHTS DECISIONS

    Michael McCrossan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Over the course of the past twenty years, the Supreme Court of Canada’s discourse concerning ‘reconciliation’ has shifted from moderating federal power to reconciling the preceding presence of Aboriginal people with an established sovereign (Crown presence.  While scholars postulated that the Court was attempting to maintain colonial relations of power, substantive answers for this discursive shift are lacking within the literature.  This paper provides a comprehensive explanation of this shift by comparing the hearing transcripts in the ‘Aboriginal rights trilogy’ to their corresponding written decisions.  It argues that particular judicial and geographic commitments underlie the concept of ‘reconciliation’ and ultimately serve to represent Aboriginal identity as inescapably ‘Canadian.’   Au cours des vingt dernières années, le discours de la Cour suprême du Canada concernant la « réconciliation » est passé de l’atténuation du pouvoir fédéral à la conciliation entre la présence antérieure des Autochtones et une présence souveraine (de la Couronne établie. Bien que les universitaires aient affirmé que la Cour tentait de maintenir des relations de pouvoir coloniales, l’évolution du discours n’est pas expliquée de façon concrète dans la littérature. Le présent article explique cette évolution de façon détaillée en comparant les transcriptions d’audience dans la « trilogie sur les droits ancestraux » à leurs décisions écrites correspondantes. Il fait valoir que des engagements judiciaires et géographiques particuliers sous-tendent le concept de la « réconciliation » et servent en définitive à représenter l’identité autochtone comme étant inévitablement « canadienne ».

  17. Psychometric evaluation of the Forensic Inpatient Observation Scale (FIOS in youngsters with a judicial measure

    van Nieuwenhuizen Chijs

    2011-09-01

    judicial measures. What remains to be seen is whether this instrument is sensitive enough to register all aspects of behavioral changes, whether the interrater reliability is sufficient, and whether it has predictive validity to relapse and recidivism.

  18. Impacto psicosocial del Downsizing sobre los trabajadores

    CRISTÓBAL JIMÉNEZ JIMÉNEZ

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo intenta ahondar en lo expuesto en un trabajo anterior sobre el downsizing como fenómeno psicosociolaboral, analizando su impacto psicosocial. En primer lugar, se exponen los diferentes niveles de comprensión de este fenómeno, para pasar al análisis de los efectos y consecuencias sobre las personas, diferenciando entre dos tipos de víctimas: a los que se van de la organización (despedidos y b los que se quedan en la organización (supervivientes, prestando especial atención a lo que se conoce ya como el "síndrome del superviviente", para lo que se aporta información sobre sus características, las variables moderadoras que intervienen y los modelos explicativos del mismo. Se termina con algunas consideraciones sobre la actualidad y relevancia de dicho síndrome sugiriendo la idea de que el fenómeno del downsizing y sus consecuencias sobre las personas nos enfrenta a lo que podríamos ya considerar como un nuevo síndrome de la Psicopatología Laboral: el síndrome del superviviente.

  19. DISERTACIÓN SOBRE JUSTICIA Y EQUIDAD

    Sayuri P. Tamura M.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available «Disertación sobre equidad y justicia» es básicamente una respuesta a una inquietud en particular que yo tenía sobre las distintas posiciones que existen sobre estos dos temas y cómo definir cuál es la más acertada. Hice una descripción del punto de vista de Amartya Sen –la violación de los derechos sobre la propiedad privada es justificable si evitan las hambrunas2– frente al de Robert Nozick –la propiedad privada es un derecho fundamental y como tal debe ser respetado3–, sin embargo, aunque ambos enfoques son totalmente contrarios tienen mucho sentido, por lo cual es bastante difícil decidirse por uno en particular. Fue de esta forma, enfrentando sus opiniones, que yo logré desarrollar una posición frente a estas dos perspectivas, y así dar mi opinión al DISERTACIÓN SOBRE JUSTICIA Y EQUIDAD SAYURI P. TAMURA M. Estudiante de Economía y Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad ICESI. respecto. Al final, llegué a una conclusión, que aunque no es la más original y tampoco es la única, tiene mucho sentido y seguramente de ser posible, la situación del país podría cambiar para bien.

  20. 'Adventurous' judgments A comparative exploration into human rights as a moral-political force in judicial law development

    Bas de Gaay Fortman

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article looks at the development of law by the judiciary in the sense of judgments taking the law beyond the point of what was hitherto regarded as ius positivum. Its main perspective, however, is not the creation of law by the courts as such, but rather the ways and means in which the human rights idea has encouraged judges to deliver decisions that imply an overturning of 'settled' law. In the comparative exploration of 'adventurous' judgments that we shall embark on, our focus will be on the political morality of human rights as a driving force in judicial activism. It is assumed, in other words, that where the judiciary is 'active', human rights may play a part as general principles of law as distinct from rules already incorporated in positive law. Notably then, human rights in this way affect positive law in a manner other than through processes of international, regional and national standard setting connected with the establishment of new supervisory institutions and mechanisms. For this reason, the article does not so much consider typical human rights cases; instead the focus is on major decisions by national courts that were not in the first place regarded as human rights cases at all. In this endeavour, the article aims to be no more than an initial comparative exploration, intended to illustrate a function of human rights that is not normally highlighted, namely its function as an inspirational force towards 'adventurous' judgments. Yet, the judicial potential illustrated here is of great significance, as it may lead to law development inspired by the two principal pillars underpinning the international quest for the realization of human rights: universality and human dignity. After reviewing a variety of characteristic cases from such diverse legal backgrounds as the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, the United States of America, India, South Africa and Nigeria, some conclusions are drawn as to the ways in which human rights

  1. 论电子数据的刑事司法适用%On Criminal Judicial Application for Electronic Data

    天津市人民检察院第二分院课题组

    2014-01-01

    Since Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China was revised and implemented in 2012, the electronic data in the criminal judicial proof has played an increasingly important role. However, there is no ready-made answers to these specific problems in judicial practice such as how to collect electron-ic data, how to examine the authenticity and legitimacy of electronic data, how to carry out the burden of proof, cross-examination and authentication of electronic data. The group introduces the basic categories of elec-tronic data, the proposed electronic data collection, identification, examination and certification of specific rules. In particular, according to the abstract model of judicial proceedings, detailed description of electronic data collection rules which can provide electronic data criminal justice with applicable legal and technical procedures becomes the problems needed solving in judicial theory and practice.%继2012年中华人民共和国刑事诉讼法修订实施后,电子数据在刑事司法证明中发挥的作用越来越重要。然而,如何提取电子数据、审查电子数据的真实性与合法性、对电子数据进行举证、质证和认证?司法实践中的这些具体问题尚无现成答案。确定电子数据基本范畴,并对电子数据在侦查、起诉、审判中存在的问题进行综合分析,界定电子数据收集、鉴定、审查、认证的具体规则,特别是根据抽象司法程序模型,对电子数据的取证规则进行详细地叙述与论证,为电子数据的刑事司法适用提供切实可行的具有法律性和技术性的操作规程,就成为司法实践和司法理论界急需解决的问题。

  2. Representándose al “otro migrante”: el poder judicial como institución estatal-nacional

    González, Anahí P.

    2013-01-01

    El artículo aborda la problemática de la construcción de la otredad del migrante internacional. En primer lugar, se profundiza en algunas categorías teóricas acerca de la idea de nación y nacionalidad para, luego, analizar cuáles son algunas de las representaciones sociales de miembros del poder judicial del Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires (AMBA) acerca de los migrantes externos recientemente llegados a nuestro país. Así, a partir de una dimensión de dichas representaciones referida a la c...

  3. Problemas en torno al consentimiento sexual en el tratamiento judicial de los delitos sexuales, Bs. As. 1866-1921

    Riva, Betina Clara

    2015-01-01

    En los últimos años, los delitos sexuales se han convertido en objeto de preocupación para la sociedad; esto se vio reforzado por las nuevas formas de pensar y vivir las relaciones humanas inter e intra-género/s y especialmente las elecciones sexuales. En este trabajo la autora propone volver a poner en debate algunas cuestiones que hacen al problema de la definición judicial y a la comprensión del consentimiento en el contexto específico delitos sexuales (delitos contra la honestidad) en ...

  4. Perfil del menor con expediente judicial en el equipo técnico del juzgado de Castellón

    Pérez Miralles, Marta; Cuervo Gómez, Keren; Villanueva Badenes, Lidón

    2015-01-01

    Han sido numerosos los estudios que muestran en España diferentes características de los menores con expediente judicial, analizando aspectos relacionados con el sexo, tipo de delito, edad y número de expedientes. En España, en relación al sexo de los menores, existe un porcentaje de chicos del 87.3 % y un 12.7 % en chicas (Capdevila, 2005). En relación a los tipos de delitos cometidos, el 32.68 % pertenecen a robos con fuerza, el 24.44 % hurtos, y el 23.24 % a robos con violen...

  5. Derechos humanos y dialogo judicial entre America y Europa: ¿hacia un nuevo modelo de Derecho?

    Ansuátegui Roig, Francisco Javier

    2016-01-01

    En un contexto de progresiva desterritorialización del Derecho, el análisis del diálogo judicial presenta determinadas utilidades a la hora de reformular algunos aspectos de una determinada forma de entender el Derecho, caracterizada por el principio de territorialidad y por una teoría de las fuentes del Derecho en la que el juez tiene una posición claramente secundaria en relación con el legislador y en la que las fuentes son relevantes desde el momento en que se enti...

  6. Desarrollo y perspectiva del Centro de Capacitación Judicial Electoral del Tribunal Electoral de México

    Leonor Garay Morales; Luis Eduardo Medina Torres

    2012-01-01

    El Centro de Capacitación Judicial Electoral (CCJE) del Tribunal Electoral de México (TEPJF) planea y ejecuta actividades de capacitación, investigación, difusión, formación y actualización en el ámbito de las acciones de importancia para la vida institucional y jurisdiccional del TEPJF, asimismo constituyen una vía de preparación y actualización para autoridades electorales, partidos políticos, instituciones educativas, la ciudadanía y órganos gubernamentales y no gubernamentales...

  7. Do novo ao tradicional: a representação da psicologia no judiciário

    Verônica Cecilia Alves da Silva Mafra; Maria de Fátima de Souza Santos

    2013-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar as representações sociais de psicólogos que trabalham no Poder Judiciário de Pernambuco, acerca da psicologia jurídica. Dele participaram 56 psicólogos. Utilizou-se um questionário, com uma fase de associação livre ao termo indutor psicologia jurídica. As informações daí advindas foram tratadas com o programa de computador de análise de evocações EVOC. Os resultados demonstraram que a psicologia jurídica é representada por estes profissionais como cam...

  8. La intervención judicial en la adopción de medidas cautelares en el arbitraje comercial internacional

    Lapiedra Alcamí, Rosa

    2003-01-01

    RESUMEN El proyecto de Tesis doctoral titulado la intervención judicial en la adopción de medidas cautelares en el arbitraje comercial internacional tiene como objeto analizar los diferentes problemas teóricos y prácticos que plantea la tutela cautelar en el marco de un procedimiento arbitral. Se trata de una cuestión que presenta una enorme trascendencia práctica, en cuanto que, en ocasiones, la eficacia misma del arbitraje puede depender de la adopción de una medida de protección adecuad...

  9. Accountability e independência judiciais: uma análise da competência do Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ Accountability and judicial independence: an analysis of competence of the National Council of Justice (CNJ

    Fabrício Ricardo de Limas Tomio

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A Constituição de 1988 atribuiu substancial independência ao poder judiciário. Há garantias institucionais (autonomia financeira/administrativa e autogoverno, garantias funcionais (vitaliciedade, irredutibilidade salarial e inamovibilidade e proteção à independência. De outro lado, apesar da substancial independência judicial, observavam-se antes da EC 45/2004 (reforma do judiciário e criação do CNJ profundos déficits de accountability vertical judicial (possibilidade de os cidadãos controlarem e influenciarem as ações do judiciário e accountability horizontal judicial (controle de juízes e tribunais por outros órgãos judiciários. O artigo analisa, a partir da definição e diferenciação do conceito de accountability judicial e do arranjo institucional posterior à EC 45/2004, como as competências do CNJ podem ser exercidas para ampliar os mecanismos de accountabilities e de controle do judiciário sem restringir a independência decisional judicial.The 1988 Brazilian Federal Constitution granted substantial independence to the judiciary. There are institutional guarantees (financial and administrative autonomies / self-governance, functional guarantees (tenure, irremovability and irreducible salary and protection of independence. On the other hand, despite the substantial judicial independence is observed before the Constitutional Amendment (EC 45/2004 (judicial reform and creating of National Council of Justice - CNJ deep deficits of vertical-judicial accountability (possibility for citizens to monitor and influence the actions of the judiciary and horizontal-judicial accountability (judges and courts are controled by other judicial bodies. The paper analyzes, from the definition and differentiation of the concept of judicial accountability and institutional arrangement subsequent to EC 45/2004, as the powers of the CNJ may be exercised to extend the mechanisms of control and accountabilities of the judiciary without

  10. Ensaio sobre Saramago = Essay on Saramago

    Weigert, Sergio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da obra de José Saramago, Ensaio sobre a Cegueira, constrói-se o “Ensaio sobre Saramago” sob perspectiva filosófica, fundamentada particularmente em Fredric Jameson. A interrupção da quotidianidade, matéria do desenvolvimento do conteúdo, faz aflorar a hipótese da temporalidade congelada, suporte da argumentação do teórico. Levanta-se a discussão sobre Modernidade e Pós-Modernidade da obra de Saramago, avançando no recurso da ironia, não como alicerce, mas como teia que tece, envolvendo tecido e artista.

  11. Impacto psicosocial del Downsizing sobre los trabajadores

    CRISTÓBAL JIMÉNEZ JIMÉNEZ; JOSÉ LUIS SÁNCHEZ LAGUNA

    2006-01-01

    El presente trabajo intenta ahondar en lo expuesto en un trabajo anterior sobre el downsizing como fenómeno psicosociolaboral, analizando su impacto psicosocial. En primer lugar, se exponen los diferentes niveles de comprensión de este fenómeno, para pasar al análisis de los efectos y consecuencias sobre las personas, diferenciando entre dos tipos de víctimas: a) los que se van de la organización (despedidos) y b) los que se quedan en la organización (supervivientes), prestando especial atenc...

  12. Principios sobre semáforos

    VALENCIA ALAIX, VÍCTOR GABRIEL

    2000-01-01

    Debido a la ausencia de una publicación que reuniese los aspectos más relevantes sobre semáforos y en el marco académico sobre ingeniería de tránsito de los cursos de pregrado y posgrado en Vías y Transporte de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Medellín, se ha preparado este documento como guía introductoria a dicho tema. En su preparación se han recogido los tópicos principales de varias publicaciones internacionales y nacionales, además, su desarrollo ha considerado la experi...

  13. Sobre la esclavitud: libro de artista

    MACHADO JIMÉNEZ, ALBERTO

    2015-01-01

    Sobre la esclavitud es un libro de artista, donde encontraremos imágenes acompañadas de breves frases que hacen referencia al tema propuesto en cada ilustración para que así se pueda comprender mejor la intención de este trabajo, reflexionar sobre la manera que tenemos de ver las cosas, en este caso, con respecto a la esclavitud. Dar a conocer distintas formas de ser esclavo en este sistema sería uno de los objetivos principales. Hacer litografías, dibujos con el uso de acua...

  14. Rastros: dizendo sobre os fazeres/dizeres

    MELLO MARISOL BARENCO CORRÊA DE

    2001-01-01

    Com vistas ao aclaramento de noções erroneamente herdadas do contexto social e histórico da cultura moderna ocidental, que teve/tem como um de seus projetos o "apagamento" do sujeito, ou o distanciamento entre os sujeitos e suas formas de fazer, dizer, pensar, este artigo pretende contribuir com elementos para a construção de um outro paradigma nas ciências humanas. Trata-se de um relato sobre o processo de construção de nossa própria pesquisa, articulado à reflexão sobre as diversas formas d...

  15. O Manicômio Judiciário: saúde ou justiça? The Judiciary Mental Hospital: a question of health or of law?

    Evelin Naked de Castro Sá

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available O Manicômio Judiciário, por ser um hospital-presídio, pode estar subordinado tanto à Secretaria da Saúde como à Justiça. Como elementos de análise dessa decisão, são apresentadas comparações estruturais e de recursos humanos entre o Manicômio Judiciário e a Penitenciária de Araraquara, entre a situação de recursos humanos do Manicômio em 1981 e 1984 e entre os salários de algumas funções de servidores ligados àqueles tipos de instituições. As conclusões apontam a Secretaria da Justiça como a mais adequada para subordinar o Manicômio Judiciário, desde que tomadas algumas medidas de modernização organizacional. É sugerido um quadro de pessoal estruturado percentualmente por subgrupos de funções. As propostas relativas ao pessoal necessitam ser tratadas em leis complementares que garantam, por sua hierarquia, o atendimento das condições excepcionais de trabalho do Manicômio Judiciário.As the Manicômio Judiciário (a Judiciary Mental Health Hospital is a hospital-prison it could be subordinated either to the State Health Department or to the Department of Justice. In order to reach a sound decision regarding this issue, structural and human resource comparisons as between the Manicômio Judiciário on one side and the Araraquara Prison on the other are provided. Comparisons between the status of the human resources of the Manicômio Judiciário in 1981 and 1984 and between the wages earned by workers exercising similar functions and belonging to similar institutions are also presented. The conclusion points to the Department of Justice as the most adequate institution to which the Manicômio Judiciário should be subordinated, provided some up-to-date managerial measures are taken. A personnel chart is suggested, showing percentages of people organized according to subgroups of functions. The proposals regarding personnel must be dealt with by, supplementary laws which guarantee, adequate provision for the

  16. Consideraciones sobre diferentes procesos productivos y sus consecuencias sobre el medio ambiente

    Caridad Ramos Alvariño

    2004-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se exponen algunas consideraciones sobre diferentes procesos productivos y sus consecuencias sobre el medio ambiente. La disminución del impacto negativo de algunas producciones sobre el medio ambiente es favorable, pero el problema va más allá y de lo que se trata es de la necesidad de una transformación sostenible de las producciones que puedan conducir a una vida agradable y una naturaleza conservada entre otras muchas cuestiones que agobian hoy al mundo. La solución...

  17. La justicia ignorada: tratamiento de la información judicial en prensa

    Liliana María Gutiérrez Coba

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra los resultados de una investigación sobre la manera como la prensa colombiana aborda los temas relacionados con la criminalidad y la justicia, cuyo buen manejo periodístico es indispensable en países que, como los latinoamericanos, presentan altas tasas de corrupción y delincuencia común y organizada. El análisis fue aplicado a seis importantes periódicos colombianos, en los cuales se encontró un bajo interés por los temas de justicia y una peligrosa tendencia a no atribuir la información a las fuentes, lo que resta credibilidad. Se destaca la preocupación de los medios por presentar antecedentes y consecuencias de los hechos, pero se observa la falta de una clara intención orientadora de la opinión pública en temas que, como éstos, requieren de análisis y explicación por su especificidad.

  18. The consequences of judicial obligations as a politics of transition in post-war Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Croatia

    Veljanovska Michelle

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the idea of victimhood from the individual to societal level within the context of transitional justice and reconciliation. The idea of justice and truth has gained considerable prevalence within post-war states in the Balkan region. The reform of the state has required the regeneration of society based on particular legal interpretations of the political violence. As a result, an era of judicial obligations has come to frame how society regenerates, reforms and rehabilitates. Therefore the paper discusses the consequences of wartime victimization in terms of local responses to how ‘the past is processed’ through Transitional Justice institutions like the International Criminal Tribunal of Yugoslavia (ICTY, and associated ad-hoc mechanisms, like outreach programs. The establishment of such judicial processes have set off particular questions like can society be seen as victim? How is society victim? Using a socio-political approach, such questions are problematised through a political defeat paradigm to reveal a particular political anxiety that underwrites the new societies and their politics. This is where the idea of “state anxiety” and “political defeat” are used to discuss what has locally formed out of such politics of transition.

  19. The Right to freedom from CEDO point of view – previous and subsequent to the judicial practice –

    Gianina Anemona Radu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The main problems faced by the current criminal justice system are related to overloading of courts andprosecutors, the excessive length of procedures, undue delays in cases and files not finalized due to proceduralreasons. Of these, the extent of preventive arrest, duration of procedures, skills and settlement evidence in criminalmatters were the subject of several cases to the European Court of Human Rights, to which Romania is party. Thecurrent procedural system governed by the Code of Criminal Procedure, subject to frequent legislativeinterventions on the various institutions, led to the uneven application and interpretation of criminal procedurallaw. Therefore, the obvious need to create the appropriate legal framework for the High Court of Cassation andJustice in order to be able to act in the interpretation and uniform application of criminal procedural law. Toachieve these goals has been rethought and reestablished the place and role of each judicial body, and newinstitutions have been introduced, on levels and with competencies meant to ensure separation of functions in thejudicial process and to ensure the conduct of operative procedures, the impartiality and credibility in powerexercising by each judicial body.

  20. Judicial Balance From the Perspective of Justice and Mercy%宽严相济下的司法平衡

    池涛

    2011-01-01

    宽严相济刑事政策长期以来没有明确、具体的要求,缺乏统一的适用标准,依赖于司法人员的主观裁量,使得该政策的适用受人为因素影响较大,执法不统一,无形中影响了该政策整体运用的效果。宽严相济下的司法实务应高度重视现实法治环境,从现行的法律政策和法律规范出发,以社会功能的修复效果为评价这一政策落实状况的基准。%There is no definite and specific policy for criminal law from the perspective of justice and mercy.Since there is no standard as reference,the sentence is affected by subjectivity.The judicial practice from the perspective of justice and mercy calls for the judicial environment.The discussion here concerns the basics for the implement of the policy resulting from the evaluation of the repairing effect of the social function.

  1. Recidiva criminal em 100 internos do Manicômio Judiciário de Franco da Rocha

    Moscatello Roberto

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Verificar a ocorrência de comportamento criminal recidivo em uma população de internos do Manicômio Judiciário de Franco da Rocha. MÉTODOS: Cem internos de um Manicômio Judiciário em cumprimento de medida de segurança foram entrevistados, sendo todos do sexo masculino e com idades variando de 26 a 80 anos. Os diagnósticos preencheram critérios da CID-10, e os delitos cometidos foram verificados segundo o Código Penal Brasileiro. RESULTADOS: Dos 100 internos avaliados, 41% cometeram um crime, e 59% cometeram mais de um crime. As psicoses esquizofrênicas foram os diagnósticos mais freqüentes nos internos que cometeram um crime e naqueles que cometeram mais de um crime. Os diagnósticos retardo mental e transtornos de personalidade seguiram em freqüência nos que cometeram um crime. Transtornos de personalidade e retardo mental foram os diagnósticos que seguiram em freqüencia nos que cometeram mais de um crime. CONCLUSÕES: As psicoses esquizofrênicas predominaram nos internos avaliados. Crimes contra a vida foram mais comuns entre os que cometeram um crime, enquanto crimes contra o patrimônio predominaram entre os que cometeram mais de um crime.

  2. Accountability e independência judiciais: uma análise da competência do Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ) Accountability and judicial independence: an analysis of competence of the National Council of Justice (CNJ)

    Fabrício Ricardo de Limas Tomio; Ilton Norberto Robl Filho

    2013-01-01

    A Constituição de 1988 atribuiu substancial independência ao poder judiciário. Há garantias institucionais (autonomia financeira/administrativa e autogoverno), garantias funcionais (vitaliciedade, irredutibilidade salarial e inamovibilidade) e proteção à independência. De outro lado, apesar da substancial independência judicial, observavam-se antes da EC 45/2004 (reforma do judiciário e criação do CNJ) profundos déficits de accountability vertical judicial (possibilidade de os cidadãos contro...

  3. 论结果导向的司法裁决%An Analysis of the Result-oriented Judicial Decision

    韩振文

    2015-01-01

    When the legal interpretation dilemma and the expected utility maximization are taken into consideration, result-oriented judicial decision, taking a"backward induction" model, is more advantageous to the solution of the hard cases .Case processing guided by the result -oriented judicial thought is in consis-tency with the functional goal of the jurisdiction of social governance .Result-oriented judicial thought aims at solving hard cases , and failure in striking a balance between case types and adjudication thought will not only be of no benefit for solving the conflict between legal stability and case justice , but will also bring rule of law into such a dangerous situation as to be aliened by social consequences and willful law -making .This paper proposes that if the argument between legal dogmatics and social science jurisprudence viewed from the per -spective of rational discussion and communication , legal dogmatics nowadays may open to the empirical social science that stresses experience .And one remarkable feature of legal dogmatics open to social science and lo-cal legal practice is to accept result -oriented judicial thought and to predict and evaluate the social conse-quence of judicial decision by applying the theories and methods of social sciences .%从法律解释遭遇的困境与期望效用最大化角度考虑,结果导向的司法裁决采取先对后果进行预测再评价的"逆推"模式,更有利于疑难案件的解决. 结果导向思维的案件处理与司法权社会治理的功能目标是一致的. 结果导向思维主要服务于疑难案件的解决,若不能很好地把握案件类型与裁决思维的平衡点,不仅无益于消解法安定性与个案正义间的冲突,而且法治也可能面临被社会效果论异化的恣意造法之危险. 以理性商谈沟通的视角审视法教义学与社科法学之争,发现当今法教义学可向经验实证的社会科学开放. 而面向社会科学与本土实践的法教

  4. Las fuentes cristianas sobre Jesús

    Melero Martínez, J.M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo es una presentación de las fuentes históricas sobre Jesús de Nazaret: fuentes sinópticas, fuente Q, fuentes afines a la gnosis, fragmentos de evangelio con material sinóptico o joánico, evangelios judeocristianos y otras fuentes.

  5. Sobre o natural e o actor

    Tavares, Margarida

    2010-01-01

    Neste artigo, procura-se reflectir sobre o conceito de natural quando aplicado ao trabalho do actor. Parte-se de quatro relevantes textos da dramaturgia ocidental, a saber: Hamlet, de Shakespeare; Crítica da ‘Escola das mulheres’ e O improviso de Versalhes, de Molière; e O teatro cómico, de Goldoni.

  6. Sobre un sistema no lineal de epidemias

    Ortega S., Luis

    2012-01-01

    Un modelo sobre epidemias que describe la población infectada y la población susceptible de ser infectada en el cual se toma en consideraci6n el efecto de difusión es el siguiente: [Formula Matemática].

  7. Educating Jurors about Forensic Evidence: Using an Expert Witness and Judicial Instructions to Mitigate the Impact of Invalid Forensic Science Testimony.

    Eastwood, Joseph; Caldwell, Jiana

    2015-11-01

    Invalid expert witness testimony that overstated the precision and accuracy of forensic science procedures has been highlighted as a common factor in many wrongful conviction cases. This study assessed the ability of an opposing expert witness and judicial instructions to mitigate the impact of invalid forensic science testimony. Participants (N = 155) acted as mock jurors in a sexual assault trial that contained both invalid forensic testimony regarding hair comparison evidence, and countering testimony from either a defense expert witness or judicial instructions. Results showed that the defense expert witness was successful in educating jurors regarding limitations in the initial expert's conclusions, leading to a greater number of not-guilty verdicts. The judicial instructions were shown to have no impact on verdict decisions. These findings suggest that providing opposing expert witnesses may be an effective safeguard against invalid forensic testimony in criminal trials. PMID:26234166

  8. El Tratado de Lisboa y el programa de Estocolmo: Los nuevos retos de la cooperación judicial en materia civil

    Alicia Chicharro Lázaro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The consolidation of a common area of freedom, security and justice has become one of the priorities of the European Union. Within the policies which compose this space, judicial cooperation in civil matters is an area that has not undergone major changes with the Treaty of Lisbon. However, following the line started in Amsterdam, the new regulation of Title V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the Union provides a legal basis to move forward in a judicial cooperation, which is becoming more and more necessary given the increasing internationalization of private relationships. On the other hand, the Stockholm Program establishes the main goals to achieve in relation to the European judicial area for the next five years. The initiatives related to civil matters will require new European legal instruments, which should be adopted using the tools and procedures provided in Lisbon.

  9. Uma "morte suave": valores religiosos e laicos nos discursos sobre ortotanásia A "gentle death", religious and lay values in the discourses about orthothanasia

    Rachel Aisengart Menezes; Edlaine de Campos Gomes

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo aborda a controvérsia em torno da gestão do término da vida, a partir da análise da ação civil pública provocada pelo Ministério Público Federal, com o intuito de revogar a Resolução 1805/2006 do Conselho Federal de Medicina sobre a ortotanásia. Consideram-se aqui os argumentos médico e jurídico, em suas articulações com valores religiosos. A reflexão acerca dos discursos no processo judicial, em defesa de cada posicionamento (favorável e contrário à autorização legal da ortotanás...

  10. On the Realization of Judicialization of Corporate Social Responsibility%论我国公司社会责任司法化的实现

    钟颖

    2014-01-01

    推动公司社会责任落实的途径有很多,但司法化无疑是推动其有效落实的最有效的方式之一。司法依据的明确和诉讼规则的健全是公司社会责任司法化实现的前提性要件。《公司法》第五条是公司社会责任内容复杂性的折射,也是公司法适应性品格的体现。围绕第五条的价值宣示,我们可以从司法化依据的明确、诉讼规则的完善、公司社会责任司法建议制度的构建、法官商业素养的培养四方面来推动公司社会责任的司法化。%Among many ways to promote the implementation of corporate social responsibility,judicialization is with-out doubt one of the most effective. Clear definition of the foundation of judicialization and the perfection of the pro-cedural rules are the prerequisite to the judicialization of corporate social responsibility. Article 5 of the Company Law is not only a reflection of the complexity of corporate social responsibility,but also a manifestation of the adap-tive character of the law. Based on Article 5,we can promote the judicialization of corporate social responsibility from the following four aspects,namely,clearly defining the foundation of judicialization,perfecting the procedure rules,constructing the mechanism of judicial proposals of the corporate social responsibility,and cultivating business literacy of judges.

  11. Análise técnica para a tomada de decisão do fornecimento de medicamentos pela via judicial

    Eloisa Israel de Macedo; Luciane Cruz Lopes; Silvio Barberato-Filho

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Analisar a solicitação judicial de medicamentos previstos nos componentes da assistência farmacêutica no Sistema Único de Saúde. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 81 processos judiciais para fornecimento de medicamentos no Estado de São Paulo, entre 2005 e 2009. As informações dos processos foram obtidas do Tribunal de Justiça do Estado de São Paulo. Portarias que regulamentam a assistência farmacêutica foram consultadas para identificar a solicitação judicial de medicamentos incorporados p...

  12. NOVO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CIVIL E FUNDAMENTAÇÃO DA DECISÃO JUDICIAL: HORIZONTES ARGUMENTATIVO E HERMENÊUTICO / NEW PROCEDURAL CIVIL CODE AND RATIONALE OF JUDICIAL DECISIONS: ARGUMENTATIVE AND HERMENEUTIC HORIZONS

    Túlio de Medeiros Jales

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to point out and discuss two specific problems involving the time of the court decision and relate them to the New Civil Procedure Code (NCPC devices. The lack of reasons for decisions, with regard to the absence of justification in the formation of the reasons to decide, and the lack of integrity and consistency in legal phenomenon, represented by the emergence of concepts and different responses to the jurisdictional institutes and demands are or not overcomed with the precepts brought by the New Code of Civil Procedure? It demonstrates that the NCPC rationalize and qualify the concept of decision presented in the article. 93, IX of the Constitution to help raise judicial law institutes - overviews and unprecedented - to post-positivist paradigm able to make them act as catalysts of integrity and consistency in the interpretation/application of the legal phenomenon.

  13. LAWYERS’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE FAIRNESS OF JUDICIAL ASSISTANCE TO SELF-REPRESENTED LITIGANTS

    Jona Goldschmidt

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available How much assistance should a trial judge provide a self-represented litigant [SRL] before the judge’s impartiality will be reasonably questioned? This question has been of continuing concern to both the bench and bar ever since the rise of the pro se litigation movement in the late 1990s, particularly in the context of “mixed” cases involving an SRL and a represented party. Case law and ethics codes provide inconsistent decisions and vague guidelines for judges, who must balance their duty to provide reasonable assistance with their duty to ensure a fair trial for all parties. This paper reports the results of a survey administered to 210 Canadian family law practitioners who were presented with 16 hypothetical scenarios involving an SRL and a represented party. Respondents indicated their views regarding the impartiality and helpfulness of the trial judge in each scenario, involving various procedural defaults by the SRL and different forms of judicial assistance or lack thereof. The results indicate that lawyers' perceptions of a judge's impartiality are affected, inter alia, by the favourability of the outcome for the SRL, and whether the assistance provided dealt with procedural or substantive matters. Future research is needed to determine whether a consensus can be established regarding perceptions of lawyers, lay persons, and judges regarding which forms of assistance are reasonable and required, permissible, or impermissible. Jusqu’à quel point un juge de première instance peut-il venir en aide à une partie qui se représente elle-même sans que son impartialité puisse raisonnablement être mise en doute? Cette question ne cesse de préoccuper les juges et les avocats depuis l’essor qu’a pris le phénomène de l’autoreprésentation à la fin des années 1990, en particulier dans le contexte des cas « mixtes », impliquant une partie qui se représente elle-même et une partie représentée par un avocat. La

  14. The judicialization of Israeli Military Ethics La judiciarisation de l’éthique militaire en Israël

    Samia Chouchane

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available For many years, the judicial activism of the Israeli Supreme Court constituted one of the most impassioned debates in Israeli politics, particularly in respect of the definition of the role which the highest judicial institution in the country should play in military issues. The Supreme Court’s most controversial interventions pertain to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and these are so numerous that the Court can be considered an active player in the task of defining what the Israeli Defence Forces are allowed to do or not in warfare. This judicial activism in the realm of the IDF’s ethics is rooted in the wide-scale phenomenon of the “judicialization” of politics and of the entire public sphere in Israel. This phenomenon has contributed to the emergence of a new culture within the armed forces, which is characterized by a deep awareness that the Supreme Court can, at any time, intervene, control and, if necessary, punish.Depuis plusieurs années maintenant, l’hyperactivisme de la Cour Suprême n’a cessé d’alimenter des débats passionnés en Israël sur le rôle et le contrôle que peut exercer la plus haute institution judiciaire du pays dans le conflit. Et parmi les interventions les plus critiquées figurent les très nombreuses décisions de la cour dans les affaires militaires rendant ainsi progressivement la Cour, juge de ce que Tsahal est autorisé ou pas de faire. L’origine d’un tel phénomène se situe clairement dans l’évidente judiciarisation du conflit israélo-palestinien, créatrice de nombreuses contraintes juridiques, bon an mal an intégrées par une armée sommée de prendre en considération que la sécurité nationale ne peut plus être assurée indépendamment du respect du droit. Progressivement, la Cour Suprême israélienne est devenue actrice de cette éthique militaire israélienne au point de créer une culture nouvelle chez les militaires, fondatrice de ce que nous appelons la

  15. La judiciarisation de l’éthique militaire en Israël The judicialization of Israeli Military Ethics

    Samia Chouchane

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plusieurs années maintenant, l’hyperactivisme de la Cour Suprême n’a cessé d’alimenter des débats passionnés en Israël sur le rôle et le contrôle que peut exercer la plus haute institution judiciaire du pays dans le conflit. Et parmi les interventions les plus critiquées figurent les très nombreuses décisions de la cour dans les affaires militaires, rendant ainsi progressivement la Cour juge de ce que Tsahal est autorisé ou pas de faire. L’origine d’un tel phénomène se situe clairement dans l’évidente judiciarisation du conflit israélo-palestinien, créatrice de nombreuses contraintes juridiques, bon an mal an intégrées par une armée sommée de prendre en considération que la sécurité nationale ne peut plus être assurée indépendamment du respect du droit. Progressivement, la Cour Suprême israélienne est devenue actrice de cette éthique militaire israélienne au point de créer une culture nouvelle chez les militaires, fondatrice de ce que nous appelons la « conscience du recours » : à tout moment, le juge peut intervenir, contrôler la légalité des opérations et sanctionner le cas échéant.For many years, the judicial activism of the Israeli Supreme Court constituted one of the most impassioned debates in Israeli politics, particularly in respect of the definition of the role which the highest judicial institution in the country should play in military issues. The Supreme Court’s most controversial interventions pertain to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and these are so numerous that the Court can be considered an active player in the task of defining what the Israeli Defence Forces are allowed to do or not in warfare. This judicial activism in the realm of the IDF’s ethics is rooted in the wide-scale phenomenon of the “judicialization” of politics and of the entire public sphere in Israel. This phenomenon has contributed to the emergence of a new culture within the armed forces

  16. Judicialização da política e Sistema Interamericano de Direitos Humanos: uma investigação empírica da atuação das organizações da sociedade civil / Judicialization of Politics and Inter-American Human Rights system

    Carolina Alves Vestena

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente artigo traz análises sobre a terceira fase de pesquisa que vem sendo realizada pelo grupo Direitos Humanos, Poder Judiciário e Sociedade – DHPJS – sobre o sistema de justiça e a atuação de seus agentes no Rio de Janeiro. O foco de observação é a utilização de normas internacionais de direitos humanos pelos tribunais. Nas fases anteriores, juízes e desembargadores foram entrevistados sobre a utilização das normas de direitos humanos em suas decisões, bem como sobre sua formação nessa temática. Nesta etapa, deslocou-se a perspectiva para os demandantes das cortes, especialmente aqueles organizados coletivamente na sociedade civil. Nossa hipótese é a de que as cortes judiciais têm sido provocadas como espaço de disputas, tanto no plano nacional (hipótese que pode ser fundamentada em diversas formulações teóricas quanto no plano internacional. O fenômeno localizado no plano nacional pode ser pensado em termos de sistemas regionais de Direitos Humanos: o sistema interamericano pode estar se constituindo como etapa “para-judicial” para a efetivação desses direitos. Esta segunda hipótese pode ser construída do ponto de vista teórico e testada do ponto de vista empírico, a fim de averiguar se as organizações não governamentais tem utilizado este sistema como uma arena de lutas sociais. A pesquisa empírica realizada pelo grupo trouxe dados para refletir sobre essa hipótese, além de indicar caminhos a serem explorados. Foram entrevistadas 36 ONGs inscritas na ABONG – Associação Brasileira de Organizações Não-Governamentais - que atuam com a defesa de Direitos Humanos para investigar as formas de atuação destes grupos junto ao Judiciário e ao sistema interamericano. No presente artigo apresentamos potenciais relações da judicialização da política com os sistemas regionais de Direitos Humanos, a partir dos dados encontrados na investigação empírica, que revela a utiliza

  17. Warranties of Albanian criminal law for children protection from “indecency offences” and the Albanian judicial practice

    Marilda Menkshi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper will focus on criminal acts of child sexual abuse (sexual offenses. In particular, will be analyzed the category of obscenity as a crime (lat. luksuri. This work will be analyzed under the perspective of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to reflect the alignment of Albanian criminal law with the Convention, as a minimum guarantee to be provided by the States. Special attention will be paid to the analysis of the criminal legislation, particularly to the offense luksuri, to see its adaptation in the Albanian transition period. There will be special attention to Albanian judicial practice in relation to sexual harassment/obscenity. These will be used to identify the needs of the Albanian legislation, because legislation must not only be written, but must above all be applied.

  18. ¿ARGUMENTACIÓN O DEMOSTRACIÓN EN LA DECISIÓN JUDICIAL? UNA MIRADA EN EL ESTADO CONSTITUCIONAL

    Javier Orlando Aguirre Román; Pedro Antonio García Obando; Ana Patricia Pabón Mantilla

    2009-01-01

    El texto plantea el problema en torno a la decisión judicial correcta teniendo en cuenta dos líneas de discusión: primero, la diferenciación en torno a argumentar y demostrar, y segundo, el papel del juez con miras a lograr dicha corrección en el Estado constitucional. Para orientar la solución del problema se revisará un marco teórico con el que se pretende sustentar la tesis según la cual la argumentación en las decisiones judiciales, más que la demostración, es la que permite asegurar que ...

  19. Los perfiles de la competencia judicial internacional en la Ley 54/2007 de adopción internacional

    Esther Gómez Campelo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Law 54/2007 of 28 December, on International Adoption, which entered in force on 30th December 2007, has amended the rules of procedure relating to international adoption. The objective of this law is to provide the necessary legal instruments so that the adoptive process takes place with maximum guarantees and the respect for the interests of the children to be adopted. The new Act wants to cover all the involved issues of Private International Law: applicable law, jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of foreign decisions in matters of adoption. The Spanish legislator has intended to eliminate - although sometimes fails - the legal deficiencies which have motivated in the past unfortunate judicial judgments. The interest of this new Act is evident for many reasons and not all of a legal character

  20. Estabilidad política y jugadores de veto judicial: un modelo espacial aplicado a cortes constitucionales

    Santiago Basabe Serrano

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo identifi ca las condiciones que facilitan la variación de la estabilidad política -statu quo- por parte de jueces que actúan como jugadores de veto. Teóricamente, se argumenta que la menor distancia ideológica entre quienes demandan la modifi cación del statu quo y la del juez mediano incrementan las probabilidades del cambio político. En el plano empírico, a través de un modelo de regresión LOGIT aplicado al caso del Tribunal Constitucional del Ecuador, los resultados arrojados no sólo verifi can la hipótesis planteada, sino también un corolario relacionado con la elección judicial: aun bajo condiciones de inestabilidad, los jueces pueden votar de acuerdo con sus propias preferencias ideológicas.