Sample records for zenko yoshida takaumi

  1. Yoshida lifts and Selmer groups

    Böcherer, Siegfried; Schulze-Pillot, Rainer


    Let $f$ and $g$, of weights $k'>k\\geq 2$, be normalised newforms for $\\Gamma_0(N)$, for square-free $N>1$, such that, for each Atkin-Lehner involution, the eigenvalues of $f$ and $g$ are equal. Let $\\lambda\\mid\\ell$ be a large prime divisor of the algebraic part of the near-central critical value $L(f\\otimes g,\\frac{k+k'-2}{2})$. Under certain hypotheses, we prove that $\\lambda$ is the modulus of a congruence between the Hecke eigenvalues of a genus-two Yoshida lift of (Jacquet-Langlands correspondents of) $f$ and $g$ (vector-valued in general), and a non-endoscopic genus-two cusp form. In pursuit of this we also give a precise pullback formula for a genus-four Eisenstein series, and a general formula for the Petersson norm of a Yoshida lift. Given such a congruence, using the $4$-dimensional $\\lambda$-adic Galois representation attached to a genus-two cusp form, we produce, in an appropriate Selmer group, an element of order $\\lambda$, as required by the Bloch-Kato conjecture on values of $L$-functions. (Her...

  2. Cytochemical and immunocytochemical characterization of Yoshida ascites sarcoma cells.

    Nicotina, P A; Ruggeri, P; Ferlazzo, G; Fimiani, V


    Some cytochemical and immunocytochemical investigations were carried out on actively growing Yoshida ascites sarcoma cells. These cells displayed an intense granular alpha-naphthylacetate esterase (ANAE) staining while the alpha-naphthylbutyrate esterase (ANBE) reaction was in part fluoride-sensitive and marked particularly in the large-size malignant cells. Acid phosphatase as well as peroxidase activities were not detected. The lack of immunoreactive lysozyme and alpha 1-antitrypsin suggested a poor differentiation of the above-mentioned tumor cells, but fibronectin and S-100 protein where highly expressed, as in tumors arising from the mononuclear phagocyte system.

  3. Isolation of Cyclopropenylidene Lithium Adducts: The Weiss-Yoshida Reagent**

    Lavallo, Vincent; Ishida, Yutaka; Donnadieu, Bruno; Bertrand, Guy


    A lithium-halogen exchange reaction occurs when the chloro[bis(diisopropylamino)]cyclopropenium tetrafluoroborate salt 1 (X = BF4) is treated with n-butyllithium. The resulting cyclopropenylidene-lithium adduct 3 has been isolated in 45% yield. In the solid state, this compound exists as a polymeric chain with an overall stoichiometry of two LiBF4 per carbene ligand. Addition of 12-crown-4-ether does not liberate the carbene from the lithium cation, but affords a monomeric tertiary complex (60% yield) that includes the crown ether. Moreover, complex 3 can also be synthesized by depro tonation of the bis(diisopropylamino)cyclopropenium tetrafluoroborate salt 2 (X = BF4) with n-butyllithium, whereas using potassium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide the free cyclopropenylidene was isolated in 53% yield. These results as whole seem to demonstrate that only certain counteranions allow for the isolation of cyclopropenylidene-lithium adducts, and only bases not containing lithium allow for the isolation of the free cyclopropenylidene. The former and the latter presumably prevented Weiss and Yoshida from isolating what would have been the first example of a stable carbene-lithium adduct and a free carbene, respectively. PMID:16986195

  4. Modification of Yoshida-Uemori Model with Consideration of Transformation-Induced Plasticity Effect

    Hu, Jun; Knoerr, Lay; Abu-Farha, Fadi


    Transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) assisted steels possess improved strain hardening behavior and resistance to necking that are favorable for automotive body applications. However, the TRIP effect causes complex springback behavior of these steels that can hardly be predicted by existing constitutive models for other steels. In this work, the functions in the original Yoshida-Uemori model describing isotropic and kinematic hardening were modified by adding new parameters that can represent the TRIP effect. Cyclic tension/compression experiments were performed on a selected TRIP-steel grade, and the results were used to calibrate the modified model. The modified model was coded via user subroutine into a commercial FE solver. The springback predictions were compared with actual try-out stamping experimental results for highlighting the improvement of predictions with the modified model.

  5. Issues associated with the use of Yoshida nonlinear isotropic/kinematic hardening material model in Advanced High Strength Steels

    Shi, Ming F.; Zhang, Li; Zhu, Xinhai


    The Yoshida nonlinear isotropic/kinematic hardening material model is often selected in forming simulations where an accurate springback prediction is required. Many successful application cases in the industrial scale automotive components using advanced high strength steels (AHSS) have been reported to give better springback predictions. Several issues have been raised recently in the use of the model for higher strength AHSS including the use of two C vs. one C material parameters in the Armstrong and Frederick model (AF model), the original Yoshida model vs. Original Yoshida model with modified hardening law, and constant Young's Modulus vs. decayed Young's Modulus as a function of plastic strain. In this paper, an industrial scale automotive component using 980 MPa strength materials is selected to study the effect of two C and one C material parameters in the AF model on both forming and springback prediction using the Yoshida model with and without the modified hardening law. The effect of decayed Young's Modulus on the springback prediction for AHSS is also evaluated. In addition, the limitations of the material parameters determined from tension and compression tests without multiple cycle tests are also discussed for components undergoing several bending and unbending deformations.

  6. 基于Yoshida-Uemori硬化模型的高强钢冲压件回弹预测研究%Springback prediction of advanced high strength steel part based on Yoshida-Uemori hardening model

    张璐; 陈劼实; 陈军


    The LS-DYNA software was used to simulate the stamping process and predict springback for AHSS sheet. The effects of different hardening models on the precision of springback prediction were studied. The isotropic hardening model and the Yoshida-Uemori hardening model which considers Bauschinger effect were used in the simulation analysis. By comparing the predicted springback values with experimental results, the reliablility of the hardening model is verified, and this provides theoretical guidance for die design and modification in actual production.%基于LS-DYNA软件对高强钢薄板零件的冲压成形进行仿真分析与回弹预测,研究了不同材料硬化模型对回弹预测精度的影响.在仿真分析中应用各向同性硬化模型和考虑包申格效应的Yoshida-Uemori随动硬化模型,将模拟回弹值同试验回弹量进行比较,验证了Yoshida-Uemori材料模型在高强钢回弹预测中的可靠性,为实际生产中模具设计及修正提供理论指导.

  7. Diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance spur tumor growth and cancer cachexia in rats bearing the Yoshida sarcoma.

    Honors, Mary Ann; Kinzig, Kimberly P


    Obesity and insulin resistance are associated with increased risk of cancer and cancer mortality. However, it is currently unknown whether they contribute to the development of cancer cachexia, a syndrome that contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in individuals with cancer. The present experiment addresses the question of whether preexisting obesity and insulin resistance alter tumor growth and cancer cachexia symptoms in Yoshida sarcoma bearing male rats. Obesity and insulin resistance were induced through 5 weeks of high-fat (HF) diet feeding and insulin resistance was confirmed by intraperitoneal glucose tolerance testing. Chow-fed animals were used as a control group. Following the establishment of insulin resistance, HF- and chow-fed animals were implanted with fragments of the Yoshida sarcoma or received a sham surgery. Tumor growth rate was greater in HF-fed animals, resulting in larger tumors. In addition, cancer cachexia symptoms developed in HF-fed animals but not chow-fed animals during the 18-day experiment. These results support a stimulatory effect of obesity and insulin resistance on tumor growth and cancer cachexia development in Yoshida sarcoma-bearing rats. Future research should investigate the relationship between obesity, insulin resistance, and cancer cachexia in human subjects.

  8. [Kenzo Yoshida of the Hiroshima Domain and Chloroform Anesthesia at the End of the Edo Era in Japan].

    Matsuiki, Akitomo


    Japanese physicians encountered difficulties in obtaining information from The Netherlands on general anesthetics since 1848. It was a turning point when Chinese medical textbooks were imported in the latter half of the 1850 s. They were written by Benjamin Hobson (1816-1873), a British missionary and physician who lived in China for many years. Among them, Siyi Luelun (Sei-i Ryakuron) published in 1857, was widely welcome by Japanese surgeons and medical students. Kenzo Yoshida (1848-1924), a physician from the Hiroshima Domain, was impressed by a two-page description of chloroform anesthesia in it He observed William Willis administrating chloroform anesthesia on several injured Satsuma domain soldiers in January 1868 at the Shokokuji Temple in Kyoto. A few days later, Yoshida had a chance to administer chloroform to a man who committed suicide by cutting the abdomen. The intestine, which was 90 cm long, protruded from the wound, was put back into the abdominal cavity under chloroform anesthesia given by Yoshida. This is the second case of chloroform anesthesia administered by a Japanese physician.

  9. 09 September 2013 - Japanese Members of Internal Affairs and Communications Committee House of Representatives visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton. T. Kondo and K. Yoshida present.

    Jean-Claude Gadmer


    09 September 2013 - Japanese Members of Internal Affairs and Communications Committee House of Representatives visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton. T. Kondo and K. Yoshida present.

  10. Some effects of chlorambucil on enzymes of glutathione metabolism in drug-sensitive and -resistant strains of the Yoshida ascites sarcoma

    Harrap, K. R.; Jackson, R. C.; Hill, Bridget T.


    1. Yoshida ascites cells from a strain sensitive to chemotherapy with alkylating agents contained elevated activities of the two enzymes directly responsible for glutathione synthesis, in comparison with a resistant cell strain. The activities of the glutathione-degrading enzyme γ-glutamyltranspeptidase were comparable in both cell strains. 2. After parenteral administration of chlorambucil to rats carrying either strain of tumour, the activities of the glutathione-synthetic enzymes increased in the sensitive cells, but remained unchanged in the resistant cells. Drug treatment was without effect on the γ-glutamyltranspeptidase activity of either cell strain. 3. The activities of a number of enzymes concerned in the oxidoreduction of glutathione remained unchanged after the administration of chlorambucil to rats carrying either strain of cells. PMID:5774483

  11. 30 August 2013 - Senior Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs in Japan M. Matsuyama signing the guest book with CERN Director-General; visit the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with former ATLAS Japan national contact physicist T. Kondo. R. Voss and K. Yoshida present throughout.

    Jean-Claude Gadmer


    30 August 2013 - Senior Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs in Japan M. Matsuyama signing the guest book with CERN Director-General; visit the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with former ATLAS Japan national contact physicist T. Kondo. R. Voss and K. Yoshida present throughout.

  12. Drug: D06905 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Full Text Available D06905 Crude, Drug Peucedanum root (JP16); Peucedani radix; Zenko (Pd-Ia, II,III, I... Crude Drugs Drugs for dampness Cough suppressants and expectorants D06905 *Peucedani radix; Hogfennel root;

  13. Reverse relationship between malignancy and cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase activity in Yoshida rat ascites hepatomas.

    Miyamoto, K; Nakamura, S; Nomura, M; Yamamoto, H; Sanae, F; Hidaka, H


    Rat ascites hepatoma (AH) cells (10(6) cells/head) inoculated intraperitoneally into rats had host-killing ability (malignancy) in the order AH66F > AH44 > AH13 > AH7974 > AH109A > AH66 > AH130. The life span of the rats after inoculation closely correlated with the activity of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A) in the tumor cells but not the activity of Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C). N-[2-[N-[3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-methyl-2-propenyl]amino]ethyl]-5- isoquinoline-sulfonamide (H-87), a potent, selective inhibitor of protein kinase A, inhibited in vitro growth of these hepatoma cells with a similar potency and, intraperitoneally injected, prolonged the lives of rats bearing less malignant AH66 cells (with high protein kinase A activity) but did not affect the life span of rats bearing highly malignant AH66F cells (with low protein kinase A activity). On the other hand N-(2-methylpiperazyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (H-7), an inhibitor of protein kinase C, inhibited AH66F cells more than AH66 cells, but did not influence the life span of rats bearing either hepatoma. From these results it is deduced that protein kinase A may be important in the regulation of malignancy and in vivo proliferation of AH cells.

  14. Geological information obtained from rock magnetism and magnetic anomaly. Rock magnetism measurement and geomagnetic anomaly analysis in the forearc shelf of Northeast Japan; Ganseki jiki to jiki ijo kara erareru chishitsu joho. Tohoku Nippon zenko rikudana ni okeru ganseki jiki sokutei to chijiki ijo kaiseki

    Nagasaki, Y. [Japan National Oil Corp., Tokyo (Japan)


    Improved accuracy and efficiency of magnetism analysis has advanced magnetic exploitation from a mere tool for exploitation of iron ore deposits to a general tool for analyzing geological structures. Magnetism in a bed rock and presence of a rock of high magnetism penetrating a bed rock cause magnetic anomaly, and it is possible to grasp morphology of a sedimentary basin by analyzing its magnetic anomaly observed, for exploitation of oil and natural gas. Magnitude of anomaly must be handled as vector sum of induction and residual magnetization. However, it is sometimes erroneously explained by use of a model which neglects the effect of residual magnetization. This paper reviews the basic aspects of anomaly analysis, and describes an example in which seismic exploitation based on the reflection method, gravity anomaly and magnetism anomaly are considered to explain geological structures, taking, as a case study, geomagnetism anomaly observed off Sanriku. The rock-magnetical geological structures are clarified by a variety of tests, including those for demagnetization of the samples by stepwise applied alternating current and heat. 9 refs., 8 figs.

  15. Transition of Samurai's Consciousness of Loyalty in Late Period of Tokugawa Government——A Case of Yoshida Shouyin%论日本幕末时期武士忠诚意识的演变——以吉田松阴为例




  16. 论吉田松阴的兵学与《孙子兵法》——以《孙子评注》为中心%On Yoshida Matsuoto's Military Science and SUN ZI'S ART OF WAR——Taking NOTES AND COMMETARIES ON SUN ZI as a Centre




  17. Value Orientation of Japanese Language Curriculum : Interview with Professor Hirohisa Yoshida%日本语文课程的价值回归与文化传承——访日本广岛大学吉田裕久教授

    常志斌; 董蓓菲


    The Japanese ministry of education has implemented the new Japanese Language curriculum standard for knowledge society. It put forward to strong learning ability as the core idea of the survival ability. It adjusted the curriculum content , subject instructional time , field requirements and learning issues. The report reflected the international vision and local action.%为应对“知识型社会”的发展需求,日本文部科学省颁布了新国语课标。提出了以“扎实的学力”为核心的“生存能力”的理念,在课程内容、课时安排、领域要求和学习事项上做了较大的调整,体现了国际视野和本土意识。

  18. Self Assembled Nano-Photonic Devices Derived from Marine DNA for Opto-Electronic Applications


    SPIE., 5724, 224-233 (2005) 13. A. Watanuki , J. Yoshida, S. Kobayashi, H. Ikeda and N. Ogata, 12 Proceedings of SPIE., 5724, 234-241 (2005) 14...J. Yoshida, A. Watanuki , S. Kobayashi, H. Ikeda and N. Ogata, Tech. Digest, 10th Optoelectronics and Communication Conference (OECC2005), 342-343...optical waveguides fabricated with DNA”, Proc. SPIE, 5724, 224-233, 2005. 5. A. Watanuki , J. Yoshida, S. Kobayashi, H. Ikeda and N. Ogata: “Optical

  19. Main: 1UHT [RPSD[Archive

    Full Text Available , T.Terada, T.Yabuki, M.Aoki, T.Matsuda, E.Seki, H.Hirota, M.Yoshida, A.Tanaka, T.Osanai, K.Shinozaki, M.Sek....Matsuda, E.Seki, H.Hirota, M.Yoshida, A.Tanaka, T.Osanai, K.Shinozaki, M.Seki, T

  20. Reference: 307 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Full Text Available 307 Yoshida To...ant physiology Asami Tadao|Hirayama Takashi|Ito Takuya|Kitahata Nobutaka|Kuromori Takashi|Nishimura Noriyuki|Shinozaki Kazuo|Yoshida Tomo

  1. QTL Information Table: 158 [Q-TARO

    Full Text Available Physiological trait Eating quality white belly SSR C)Interval DHL Reiho Yamadanishiki A RM163 RM31 jsa Yoshi...da, S., Ikegami, M., Kuze, J., Sawada, K., Hashimoto, Z., Ishii, T., Nakamura, C.,

  2. FGF Signaling and Dietary Factors in the Prostate


    E., Friedler, A., Schon, 0., and Itzhaki, L. S. (2003) Yoshida, T., Ferry, G., Tucker, G., Poupon, M. F., Chopin , D., Thiery, J. P., Nat. Struct. Biol. 10, 718-724 and Radvanyi, F. (1999) Oncogene 18, 7234-7243

  3. "Department of Veterinmjy Medicine, 2Department of Microbiology,

    (Welsh et al., 1992) and Florescent Antibody Technique (FAT) (Yoshida et al., 1999). Use of ... In addition, this method is time consuming. ELISA and FAT ..... effects_of Monoclonal antibodies against ... (1994): The biological characterization of.

  4. Citrullinated Chemokines in Rheumatoid Arthritis


    modified forms of these proteins may serve as potential autoantigens in RA. References: 1. Yoshida Y, Korchynskyi O, Tak PP, Isozaki T, Ruth JH, Campbell ...recruiting chemokine. Arthritis Rheumatol. 66:2716-27, 2014. 2. Edhayan G, Ha CM, Isozaki T, Amin MA, Ohara RA, Morgan R, Campbell PL, Haines GK III, Arbab S...of RA. 6. Publications, Abstracts and Presentations Peer-reviewed manuscripts: 1. Yoshida Y, Korchynskyi O, Tak PP, Isozaki T, Ruth JH, Campbell PL

  5. 建築家吉田鉄郎の独語テクス卜の研究 : その1: 「日本の近代建築」(1937)

    市川, 秀和; ICHlKA WA, Hidekazu


    Tetsuro Yoshida (1894-1956) is one of the most important architects in Japanese modern architecture. His famous three books, that were written in German, are “Das Japanische Wohnhaus (1935)",“Japanische Architektur (1952)" and “Der Japanische Garten (1957)". However, his German report “Japanische Baukunst (1937)" is forgotten unfortunately. These papers are Japanese translation and annotation of architect T. Yoshida's German report.

  6. High order explicit symplectic integrators for the Discrete Non Linear Schr\\"odinger equation

    Boreux, Jehan; Hubaux, Charles


    We propose a family of reliable symplectic integrators adapted to the Discrete Non-Linear Schr\\"odinger equation; based on an idea of Yoshida (H. Yoshida, Construction of higher order symplectic integrators, Physics Letters A, 150, 5,6,7, (1990), pp. 262.) we can construct high order numerical schemes, that result to be explicit methods and thus very fast. The performances of the integrators are discussed, studied as functions of the integration time step and compared with some non symplectic methods.

  7. Vilgub, välgub ja kihutab / Alar Niineväli

    Niineväli, Alar


    Seiklusfilm "Speed Racer" : stsenaristid-režissöörid Andy ja Larry Wachowski : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2008. Teose aluseks on tatsuo Yoshida manga põhjal loodud 52-osaline animaseriaal "Mahha GoGoGo" (1967-1968). Lisatud: M.L. "Lihtsalt Wachowsid?" režissööride eraelust

  8. Regulation of p53 Activity by Reversible-Acetylation in Prostate Tumor Suppression


    40. 8. Mihara, M., Erster, S., Zaika, A., Petrenko, O., Chittenden, T., Pancoska, P. & Moll, U. (2003) Molecular Cell 11, 577-590. 13 Appendices CHARGE...Zaika, A., Petrenko, O., Chittenden, T., Pancoska, P., and Moll, U. (2003) Molecular Cell 11, 577-590 11. Yoshida, M., and Horinouchi, S. (1999) Ann N Y

  9. Vilgub, välgub ja kihutab / Alar Niineväli

    Niineväli, Alar


    Seiklusfilm "Speed Racer" : stsenaristid-režissöörid Andy ja Larry Wachowski : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2008. Teose aluseks on tatsuo Yoshida manga põhjal loodud 52-osaline animaseriaal "Mahha GoGoGo" (1967-1968). Lisatud: M.L. "Lihtsalt Wachowsid?" režissööride eraelust

  10. Main: 1WIV [RPSD[Archive

    Full Text Available da, S.Yokoyama Y.Higuchi, T.Abe, H.Hirota, K.Izumi, M.Yoshida...gment: Uba Domain; Synonym: Ubp14; Engineered: Yes Structural Genomics, Unknown Function Y.Higuchi, T.Abe, H.Hirota, K.Izumi, M.Yoshi

  11. Integrated covariance estimation using high-frequency data in the presence of noise

    Voev, Valeri; Lunde, Asger


    We analyze the effects of nonsynchronicity and market microstructure noise on realized covariance type estimators. Hayashi and Yoshida (2005) propose a simple estimator that resolves the problem of nonsynchronicity and is unbiased and consistent for the integrated covariance in the absence of noise...

  12. Impact of marine debris on Antarctic fur seals Arctocephalus gazella at Cape Shirreff: diet dependent ingestion and entanglement

    Bravo Rebolledo, Elisa; Franeker, van J.A.


    For several decades it has been known that plastics in the marine environment can harm marine organisms, most visibly birds, turtles and mammals (Shomura and Yoshida, 1985). These animals can become entangled in this synthetic debris and can ingest macro- and micro-plastics. Recently, increased awar

  13. GREWA Scalable Frequent Subgraph Discovery Algorithm

    2004-06-22∼ cheese /ispd98.html Table 1. Datasets used in the experiments Dataset Vertices Edges Labels Connected Vertex Edge Components Aviation 101,185...Yoshida and H. Motoda. CLIP: Concept learning from in- ference patterns. Artificial Intelligence, 75(1):63–92, 1995. [35] M. J. Zaki and K. Gouda . Fast

  14. Spin-spin correlations of magnetic adatoms on graphene

    Güçlü, A. D.; Bulut, Nejat


    We study the interaction between two magnetic adatom impurities in graphene using the Anderson model. The two-impurity Anderson Hamiltonian is solved numerically by using the quantum Monte Carlo technique. We find that the interimpurity spin susceptibility is strongly enhanced at low temperatures, significantly diverging from the well-known Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida result which decays as R-3.

  15. Agile Thermal Management STT-RX, Modified Magnesium Hydride and Calcium Borohydride for High-Capacity Thermal Energy Storage (PREPRINT)


    Hydrogen Storage: A Review.” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , 32, pp. 1121-1140. [8] Nagano, S., T. Kitajima, K. Yoshida, Y. Kazao, Y... International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , 35, pp. 4569-4575. [11] Varin, R.A., T. Czujko, and Z.S. Wronski (2009). “Nanomaterials for Solid

  16. The Availability of Semantic and Syntactic Information and Their Use as a Structural Predictor in the Real-Time Processing of L1 and L2 Korean

    Shin, Eun Young


    The goal of this dissertation is to investigate the real-time sentence processing of Korean both by native speakers and learners in terms of the availability and the effectiveness of different types of information in the structural prediction. Built on the crosslinguistically contrastive findings between Japanese in Yoshida (2006) and Chinese in…

  17. High Concentration Standard Aerosol Generator.


    materials. In addition to material problems, many liquids are extremely flammable or explosive when aerosolized. This can be checked by putting a small...Hochriner. D. (1975) Stub 3A 440-445. St6ber, W. Flachsbart, H. and Hochramn, D. (1970) Staub 3^, 277. Yoshida. H. Fujii, K. Yomimoto, Y. Masuda. H. and

  18. Impact of marine debris on Antarctic fur seals Arctocephalus gazella at Cape Shirreff: diet dependent ingestion and entanglement

    Bravo Rebolledo, Elisa; Franeker, van J.A.


    For several decades it has been known that plastics in the marine environment can harm marine organisms, most visibly birds, turtles and mammals (Shomura and Yoshida, 1985). These animals can become entangled in this synthetic debris and can ingest macro- and micro-plastics. Recently, increased awar

  19. Large deviations for stochastic flows and their applications

    高付清; 任佳刚


    Large deviations for stochastic flow solutions to SDEs containing a small parameter are studied. The obtained results are applied to establish a Cp, r-large deviation principle for stochastic flows and for solutions to anticipating SDEs. The recent results of Millet-Nualart-Sans and Yoshida are improved and refined.

  20. Comment on "A bacterium that degrades and assimilates poly(ethylene terephthalate)".

    Yang, Yu; Yang, Jun; Jiang, Lei


    Yoshida et al (Report, 11 March 2016, p. 1196) reported that the bacterium Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 can degrade and assimilate poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). However, the authors exaggerated degradation efficiency using a low-crystallinity PET and presented no straightforward experiments to verify depolymerization and assimilation of PET. Thus, the authors' conclusions are rather misleading.

  1. Military Review: The Professional Journal of the U.S. Army. Volume 89, Number 3, May-June 2009


    American warrior accepts no difference in moral worth between those indigenous children who nag him for pens, soccer balls, and chocolates and their...Nation, Strong Army” strategy of the Meiji revolutionaries, the Co-Prosperity Sphere strategy of the 1930s and 1940s militarists, and the Yoshida

  2. Reference: 259 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Full Text Available velopment in Arabidopsis. 1 163-73 16113228 2005 Sep Plant physiology Braybrook Siobhan A|Fischer Robert L|Fujioka Shozo|Goldberg Rob...ert B|Harada John J|Nagata Noriko|Pelletier Julie|Yamagishi Kazutoshi|Yee Kelly Matsudaira|Yoshida Shigeo

  3. Special Uniformity of Zeta Functions I. Geometric Aspect

    Weng, Lin


    The special uniformity of zeta functions claims that pure non-abelian zeta functions coincide with group zeta functions associated to the special linear groups. Naturally associated are three aspects, namely, the analytic, arithmetic, and geometric aspects. In the first paper of this series, we expose intrinsic geometric structures of our zetas by counting semi-stable bundles on curves defined over finite fields in terms of their automorphism groups and global sections. We show that such a counting maybe read from Artin zetas which are abelian in nature. This paper also contains an appendix written by H. Yoshida, one of the driving forces for us to seek group zetas. In this appendix, Yoshida introduces a new zeta as a function field analogue of the group zeta for SL2 for number fields and establishes the Riemann Hypothesis for it.

  4. Training in peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for esophageal achalasia

    Eleftheriadis N; Inoue H.; Ikeda H; Onimaru M; Yoshida A; Hosoya T; Maselli R; Kudo S


    Nicholas Eleftheriadis, Haruhiro Inoue, Haruo Ikeda, Manabu Onimaru, Akira Yoshida, Toshihisa Hosoya, Roberta Maselli, Shin-ei KudoDigestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, JapanAbstract: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been developed in the context of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) as a minimally invasive endoscopic treatment for symptomatic esophageal achalasia, which is a chronic progressive benign disease with severe mo...

  5. Platelet-Associated CD40/CD154 Mediates Remote Tissue Damage After Mesenteric Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury


    contribute to the severity of the disease in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus patients [10]. In a mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis platelets...plasmacytoid dendritic cells in systemic lupus erythematosus . Sci Transl Med 2: 47ra63. 11. Andoh A, Yoshida T, Yagi Y, Bamba S, Hata K, et al. (2006...Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour

  6. ONR (Office of Naval Research) Far East Scientific Information Bulletin. Volume 14, Number 3, July-September 1989


    Masahiro Yoshimura Tokyo Institute of Technology Preparation of Mullite Kenya Hamano Kanagawa University Ceramics from Kaolin Hiroaki Nakajima and... Kaolin Hiromichi Ichinose Sachiko Furuta Shuji Yoshida Makoto Egashita Nagasaki University Microstructure and Mechanical Teruhiko Kinoshita Tokyo...cutting angle error and they tures, are thought to be less sensitive to can be grown from a congruent melt, but sulphur . they grow only at 2.5 mm/h

  7. The Oncogenic Role of WWP1 E3 Ubiquitin Ligase in Prostate Cancer Development


    and suppresses its ligand-independent activation. Current Biology, 14, 2228–2236. 42. Chastagner, P., Israel , A., & Brou, C. (2006). Itch/AIP4...proteasome destruction of activated RhoA is impaired in Smurf1−/− cells. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 17, 2489– 2497. 145. Sahai, E., Garcia -Medina...Haga K, Asaka M, Ramirez F, Yoshida T (2003) Downregulation and growth inhibitory effect of epithelial-type Kruppel-like tran- scription factor KLF4

  8. The terrace like feature in the mid-continental slope region off Trivandrum and a plausible model for India-Madagascar juxtaposition in immediate pre-drift scenario

    Yatheesh, V.; Bhattacharya, G.C.; Mahender, K.

    traced into Madagascar. Journal of Geological Society of India, 19, 144-153. 9 Dissanayake, C.B., Chandrajith, R., 1999. Sri Lanka - Madagascar Gondwana linkage: evidence for a Pan- African mineral belt. Journal of Geology, 107, 223-235. Dyment, J...: implications for east Gondwana correlations. Precambrian Research, 114, 149-175. Menon, R.D., Santosh, M., 1995. A Pan-African gemstone province of East Gondwana. In: Yoshida, M., Santosh, M. (Eds.), India and Antarctica during the Precambrian. Geological...

  9. SABIC Innovative Plastics: Be the World Best Plastic Resin Manufacturer

    Jenny Du


    @@ "SABIC Innovative Plastics is a global supplier of plastic resins, manufacturing and compounding polycarbonate, ABS, SAN, ASA, PPE, PC/ABS, PBT and PEI resins, as well as the LNP* line of high performance specialty compounds," said Hiroshi Yoshida, the Global Market Director for Electronics of SABIC Innovative Plastics based in Tokyo at the press conference held by SABIC Innovative Plastics, November 8th 2007, Shanghai.

  10. Antihypertensive effects of astaxanthin

    Yanai, Hidekatsu


    Hidekatsu Yanai1,2, Kumie Ito1,2, Hiroshi Yoshida2,3, Norio Tada1,21Department of Internal Medicine; 2Institute of Clinical Medicine and Research; 3Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Chiba, JapanAbstract: Astaxanthin is a biological antioxidant naturally found in a wide variety of aquatic living organisms, and has shown various pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic activities. A recent study reported that the administra...

  11. Putting Our New Computer-Assisted Japanese and English Language Teaching Methods into Practice


    Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) has widely been utilized in language education and frequently been written about in many professional journals. But yet, Japanese educators have written about it in their field of expertise whereas English educators have done the same in theirs ; hence, the collaboration between them has rarely been done on the topic. Here, in this article, Yoshida and Masuyama, teaching English and Japanese languages respectively, will explain how they have been uti...

  12. A case of retinopathy of prematurity treated by pattern scan laser photocoagulation

    Ota S


    Full Text Available Satoshi Ota, Miho Nozaki, Shuichiro Hirahara, Tomoaki Hattori, Munenori Yoshida, Yuichiro Ogura Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan Abstract: We experienced a case of retinopathy of prematurity that was successfully treated with pattern scan laser. Pattern scan laser treatment should be considered as one treatment option for Retinopathy of Prematurity. Keywords: retinopathy of prematurity, PASCAL, slit-lamp delivery

  13. Preparation and Characterization of High-Purity Metal Fluorides for Photonic Applications


    Photonics Technol. Lett., 4 446–8 (1992). 8D. F. Anderson, “ Cerium Fluoride – A Scintillator for High-Rate Applica- tions,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys... Cerium Doped Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses, a Possible Alternative for Electromagnetic Calorimetry,” Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A, 380, 524–36 (1996). 10J...Preparation and Characterization of High-Purity Metal Fluorides for Photonic Applications* Wendy M. Patterson,‡,† Peter C. Stark,§ Thomas M. Yoshida

  14. Mg2+-Imidazole-Catalyzed Self-Condensation of Malonyl Thioesters: Getting Tuned for Biomimetic Polyketide Synthesis?

    Stefan Matile


    Full Text Available We report that a subtle balance of carbanion reactivity, leaving group activation, and pKa of the catalyst is required for efficient self-condensation of thiomalonates to thioacetoacetates in up to 71% yield under “biomimetic” conditions originally proposed by Kobuke and Yoshida (Tetrahedron Lett. 1978, 19, 367.

  15. Role of silicon in alleviation of iron deficiency and toxicity in hydroponically-grown rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants

    A Abdol Zadeh; z Kiani Chalmardi


    Silicon (Si) nutrition may alleviate biotic and abiotic stresses including heavy metal deficiency and toxicity in plants. Iron deficiency and toxicity are important limiting factors in growth of rice. In the present study, role of Si nutrition on alleviation of iron deficiency and toxicity was investigated in rice plants. Plants were cultivated in greenhouse in hydroponics, using Yoshida solution, under different iron treatments (0, 2, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 250 mg/L as Fe- EDTA) and Si nutritio...

  16. Effects of. gamma. -irradiation on growth and embryogenesis of citrus callus

    Nito, Nobumasa; Ling, Jing-Tian; Iwamasa, Masao; Katayama, Yukiyoshi (Saga Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Agriculture)


    The embryogenic callus of 'Valencia', orange, 'Yoshida' navel orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck), Calamondin (C. madurensis Lour.), Yuzu (C. junos Sieb. ex Tan.) and 'Ishizuka Wase' satsuma (C. unshiu Marc.) were exposed to 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 kiloroentgen (kR) of gamma irradiation at the dosage of 1 kR/h in Institute of Radiation Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery, Japan. The irradiation caused a retardation of callus growth. Callus growth was reduced to 50% or less of that in non-irradiated callus, at a dosage of 5 kR in Yuzu, 20 kR in 'Valencia' orange and 'Ishizuka Wase' satsuma, and 50 kR in 'Yoshida' navel orange and Calamondin. The irradiation stimulated embryoid formation from the callus. Optimum irradiation dosages to produce the maximum number of embryoids were 50 kR in 'Valencia' orange, 20 kR in Yuzu, 10 kR in Calamondin and 'Ishizuka Wase' satsuma. 'Yoshida' navel orange produced the maximum number of embryoids at the lowest irradiation of 5 kR. The ratios of embryoid number produced at the optimum irradiation to that at non-irradiation were, 16.4, 8.4, 7.8, 6.4 and 2.7 in Yuzu, 'Ishizuka Wase' satsuma, 'Valencia' orange, 'Yoshida' navel orange and Calamondin, respectively. (author).

  17. Spinodal nanotechnology as a new class of bottom-up one and applications

    Katayama-Yoshida, Hiroshi; Fukushima, Tetsuya; Kizaki, Hidetoshi; Oshitani, Masamune; Sato, Kazunori


    We discuss the nano-materials design of spinodal nano-decomposition as a new class of bottom-up nanotechnology by combining ab initio calculations and kinetic Monte Carlo simulations. We include all the complexity in the fabrication process of spinodal nano-decomposition (Konbu- and Dairiseki-phase) into advanced materials design with inhomogeneous materials. We compare the theoretical predictions with available experiments, such as (i)semiconductor nano-spintronics in dilute magnetic semiconductors, (ii)colossal thermoelectric-power responses of spincaloritronics, (iii)self-repaired nano-catalysis in La(Fe,Pd)O3, (iv)high-efficiency solar-cells, (v)high-efficiency light-emitting diode and Lasers. (1) K. Sato, et al., Reviews of Modern Physics, in printing (2009). (2) H. Katayama-Yoshida, et al.,Handbook of Spintronic Semiconductors, (Pan Stanford Pub.), p.1-79, (2009). (3) H. Katayama-Yoshida, et al.,Semiconductors and Semimetals, 82,433 (2008). (4) H. Katayama-Yoshida, et al.,Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46, L777 (2007). (5) H. Kizaki, et al.,Applied Physics Express 1, 104001, (2008).

  18. Vitamin D-Prostaglandin Interactions and Effects on Prostate Cancer


    Cell Research 297 (2004) 247-258 257 Leptomycin B was a kind gift from Dr. M. Yoshida ula occludens 2 is a target of phosphorylation by protein kinase...tP1ain I I I’t Yi titarn and dltta-f!Itpe:nat murat ata It Th, ii I’tt I tra Il -lA t aI t N’tA paia rmAattni tin a1:,a --at al t ic Iaait" arnIat cda

  19. Structural and Functional Studies Indicate That Shigella VirA Is Not a Protease and Does Not Directly Destabilize Microtubules

    Germane, Katherine L.; Ohi, Ryoma; Goldberg, Marcia B.; Spiller, Benjamin W. (Harvard-MED); (Vanderbilt)


    VirA, an essential virulence factor in Shigella disease pathogenesis, is involved in the uptake, motility, and cell-to-cell spread of Shigella organisms within the human host. These functions have been attributed to a VirA protease activity and a mechanism of microtubule destruction via tubulin degradation [Yoshida, S., et al. (2006) Science 314, 985--989]. We report functional and crystallographic data indicating a novel VirA structure that lacks these activities but highlights the homology to the EspG virulence factor of pathogenic Escherichia coli.

  20. Gene Targets in Prostate Tumor Cells that Mediate Aberrant Growth and Invasiveness


    named EIAF ( Higashino et al. 1993). Finally, PEA3/EI AF was found to be the fourth Ets factor involved in chromosomal fusions with EWS (Kaneko et al. transcriptional repression mediated by the t(8;21), t(16;21), t(12;21), and inv(16) fusion proteins. Curr Opin Hematol 8:197-200 Higashino F...Yoshida K, Handa M, Toyoda Y, Nishihira H, Tanaka Y, Sasaki Y, Ishida S, Higashino F, Fuj inaga K (1996) Fusion of an ETS-family gene, EIAF, to EWS by t

  1. The Uptake and Utilization of Chlorambucil by Lymphocytes from Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia

    Hill, Bridget T.; Harrap, K. R.


    It has been shown that lymphocytes isolated from the peripheral blood of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia do not modify the mustard group of chlorambucil, as has been demonstrated previously in Yoshida ascites cells. However, lymphocytes from patients with an unsatisfactory clinical course or poor response to treatment were able to modify the aromatic region of the drug molecule; little change occurred in the aromatic absorption of intracellular chlorambucil in patients who responded to treatment. This simple test may provide a rapid assessment of a patient's potential response to chemotherapy. PMID:4647395

  2. Efficient fourth order symplectic integrators for near-harmonic separable Hamiltonian systems

    Nielsen, Kristian Mads Egeris


    Efficient fourth order symplectic integrators are proposed for numerical integration of separable Hamiltonian systems H(p,q)=T(p)+V(q). Symmetric splitting coefficients with five to nine stages are obtained by higher order decomposition of the simple harmonic oscillator. The performance of the methods is evaluated for various Hamiltonian systems: Integration errors are compared to those of acclaimed integrators composed by S. Blanes et al. (2013), W. Kahan et al. (1999) and H. Yoshida (1990). Numerical tests indicate that the integrators obtained in this paper perform significantly better than previous integrators for common Hamiltonian systems.

  3. Leadership matters Prime Minister Koizumi's role in the normalization of Japan's post-9/11 security policy

    Shrader, Donald L.


    For many years following the end of World War II, Japanese leaders followed the Yoshida Doctrine, which placed the nation's priority on economic recovery and growth at the expense of defense spending. Tokyo was able to do this through the U.S.-Japan alliance during the Cold War years. The end of the Cold War and the "checkbook diplomacy" of the first Gulf War forced Japan's leadership to rethink how it approaches foreign policy and marked the beginning of the end for the doctrine and a beg...

  4. Eosinophilic cholecystitis as a rare manifestation of visceral larva migrans


    Eosinophilic cholecystitis is an infrequent form of cholecystitis. The etiology of eosinophilic cholecystitis is still obscure, and it is sometimes accompanied with several complications, but a simultaneous onset with pericarditis is very rare. We would like to make an alternative interpretation of our recent report "Kaji K, Yoshiji H, Yoshikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ikenaka Y,Noguchi R, Sawai M, Ishikawa M, Mashitani T, Kitade M, Kawaratani H, Uemura M, Yamao J, Fujimoto M,Mitoro A,Toyohara M, Yoshida M, Fukui H. Eosinophilic cholecystitis along with pericarditis caused by Ascaris lumbricoides: A case report.World J Gastroenterol 2007;13: 3760-3762."

  5. Review: the reason I jump: the inner voice of a thirteen-year-old boy with autism.

    Grandin, Temple


    In Temple Grandin's review of The Reason I Jump by Naoki Higashida, she relates her own experience living with and studying autism to better understand the mind of a remarkable 13-year-old Japanese boy with severe autism. Structured as a series of questions that a nonautistic person might ask an autistic one, Naoki's book is translated by David Mitchell (author of the novel Cloud Atlas) and his wife, Keiko Yoshida, and contains an impassioned introduction in which Mitchell discusses his experience with his own autistic child.

  6. Mussel-inspired human gelatin nanocoating for creating biologically adhesive surfaces

    Yang X; Zhu L; Tada S; Zhou D.; Kitajima T; Isoshima T; Yoshida Y; Nakamura M; Yan W.; Ito Y.


    Xi Yang,1,2 Liping Zhu,1 Seiichi Tada,1 Di Zhou,3 Takashi Kitajima,1 Takashi Isoshima,1 Yasuhiro Yoshida,1,4 Mariko Nakamura,1,5 Weiqun Yan,2 Yoshihiro Ito1,3 1Nano Medical Engineering Laboratory, RIKEN, Saitama, Japan; 2School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Jilin, People’s Republic of China; 3Emergent Bioengineering Materials Research Team, RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science, Saitama, 4Department of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Graduate School of Dental Med...

  7. International Symposium on Special Topics in Chemical Propulsion (3rd): Non-Intrusive Combustion Diagnostics Held in Scheveningen, Netherlands on 10-14 May 93


    Gakuen-cho, Sakai Osaka 593 JAPAN K. Miyoshi Mazda Motor Corporation Fuchu-cho, Hiroshima 730-91 JAPAN M. Tsue Department of Mechanic Engineering ...Measuring the Electron Temperature, K. Yoshida, and A. Saima 61 10:00 Coffee Break 10:30 The Preflame Reaction In a Spark Ignition Engine , H. Shoj, A...Radiography Study of Liquid Jet Breakup from Rocket Engine Coaxial Injectors, R. D. Woodward, R. L. Burch, K. K. Kuo and F. B. Cheung 139 3:00 X-Ray

  8. 国粋主義と中華崇拝を超えて ― 五井蘭洲『百王一姓論』の再評価―

    陶, 徳民


    Comparing with the Yoshida Shinto scholar Matsuoka Fumio’s (1701‒1783) SintoGakusoku Nippon-damashii, the present paper makes a thorough examination ofHyaku-ō issei ron by Goi Ranshū (1897‒1762), a Neo-Confucian professor at theKaitokudō Academy in Osaka, and reevaluates Goi’s balanced sense of impartiality indealing with such sensitive issues as the emperor-shogun relations and the Shintoism-Confucianism relations during a period when loyalism and ultra-nationalism werespreading their infl u...

  9. Carrier dependent ferromagnetism in chromium doped topological insulator Cr{sub y}(Bi{sub x}Sb{sub 1−x}){sub 2−y}Te{sub 3}

    Li, Bin; Fan, Qingyan; Ji, Fuhao; Liu, Zhen; Pan, Hong; Qiao, S., E-mail:


    To understand the mechanism of ferromagnetism in topological insulator, we studied the structural, magnetic and transport characters of Cr{sub y}(Bi{sub x}Sb{sub 1−x}){sub 2−y}Te{sub 3} single crystals. The Curie temperature T{sub C}, which is determined from magnetization and anomalous Hall effect (AHE) measurements by Arrott plots, is found to be proportional to y{sub Cr}⁎p{sup 1/3}, where p is the hole density. This fact supports a scenario of Ruderman–Kittel–Kasuya–Yoshida (RKKY) interaction with mean-field approximation.

  10. Entanglement in Anderson Nanoclusters

    Samuelsson, Peter


    We investigate the two-particle spin entanglement in magnetic nanoclusters described by the periodic Anderson model. An entanglement phase diagram is obtained, providing a novel perspective on a central property of magnetic nanoclusters, namely the temperature dependent competition between local Kondo screening and nonlocal Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida spin ordering. We find that multiparticle entangled states are present for finite magnetic field as well as in the mixed valence regime and away from half filling. Our results emphasize the role of charge fluctuations.

  11. Review: The Reason I Jump: The Inner Voice of a Thirteen-Year-Old Boy with Autism

    Grandin, Temple


    In Temple Grandin’s review of The Reason I Jump by Naoki Higashida, she relates her own experience living with and studying autism to better understand the mind of a remarkable 13-year-old Japanese boy with severe autism. Structured as a series of questions that a nonautistic person might ask an autistic one, Naoki’s book is translated by David Mitchell (author of the novel Cloud Atlas) and his wife, Keiko Yoshida, and contains an impassioned introduction in which Mitchell discusses his experience with his own autistic child. PMID:25009693

  12. Intrathecal chemotherapy. Selection of cytostatic agents.

    Hayakawa, T; Yamada, R; Kanai, N; Kuroda, R; Ushio, Y; Higashi, H; Mogami, H


    Selection of cytostatic agents for intrathecal administration is the subject of this paper.Both the toxic side effects-destruction of blood-brain barrier and change of body weight-and the cytostatic effects on intracranially transplanted Yoshida ascites sarcoma were investigated of intrathecal administration of various cytostatic agents. As a result, it may be concluded that Methotrexate and Endoxan and lower dose of mitomycin C are suitable drugs for intrathecal chemotherapy.Based on these findings, clinical cases of malignant brain tumours were treated with intrathecal chemotherapy.Grateful acknowledgement is made to Professor Dennosuke Jinnai for his constant interest and guidance in this investigation.

  13. Comparative study on strain hardening models of thin metal sheet%金属薄板应变硬化模型比较分析



    The strain hardening behavior of thin metal sheet during plastic deformation was elaborated. The method of determining the elastic-plastic constitutive model based on the incremental plastic theory was summarized. Emphasize was put on the theoretical origin and application field of the classic kinematic hardening models, such as Prager-Ziegler's model, Mroz's model, Armstrong-Frederick's model, Chaboche's model, Geng-Wagoner's model, Yoshida-Umemori's model and Teodosiu-Hu's model, which provide references for the further studies.%阐述了金属薄板在塑性变形中的应变硬化行为,总结了基于增量塑性理论的弹塑性材料本构模型推导方法,重点分析了经典随动硬化模型中的Prager-Ziegler硬化模型、Mroz硬化模型、Armstrong-Frederick硬化模型、Chaboche硬化模型、Geng-Wagoner硬化模型、Yoshida-Umemori硬化模型和Teodosiu-Hu硬化模型的理论基础及其应用范围,为今后的相关研究提供参考.

  14. Hilbert-Twin – A Novel Hilbert Transform-Based Method To Compute Envelope Of Free Decaying Oscillations Embedded In Noise, And The Logarithmic Decrement In High-Resolution Mechanical Spectroscopy HRMS

    Magalas L.B.


    Full Text Available In this work, we present a novel Hilbert-twin method to compute an envelope and the logarithmic decrement, δ, from exponentially damped time-invariant harmonic strain signals embedded in noise. The results obtained from five computing methods: (1 the parametric OMI (Optimization in Multiple Intervals method, two interpolated discrete Fourier transform-based (IpDFT methods: (2 the Yoshida-Magalas (YM method and (3 the classic Yoshida (Y method, (4 the novel Hilbert-twin (H-twin method based on the Hilbert transform, and (5 the conventional Hilbert transform (HT method are analyzed and compared. The fundamental feature of the Hilbert-twin method is the efficient elimination of intrinsic asymmetrical oscillations of the envelope, aHT (t, obtained from the discrete Hilbert transform of analyzed signals. Excellent performance in estimation of the logarithmic decrement from the Hilbert-twin method is comparable to that of the OMI and YM for the low- and high-damping levels. The Hilbert-twin method proved to be robust and effective in computing the logarithmic decrement and the resonant frequency of exponentially damped free decaying signals embedded in experimental noise. The Hilbert-twin method is also appropriate to detect nonlinearities in mechanical loss measurements of metals and alloys.

  15. First Sino-Japanese War and the Taiwan Question%甲午战争与台湾问题



    As one of the representative figures of "zon-hou-jou-i" (Revering the Imperial and Expelling the Barbarians) in the Bakumatsu Period, Yoshida Syouin was the"designer"of the foreign expansion policy of Modern Japan. Yoshida Syouin's favorite pupil, Yamagata Aritomo, also known as"the originator of Japanese army", carried forward the expansionism ideology of Yoshida Syouin in establishing the"Continental Policy"through the Cabinet and setting East Asia, including Taiwan of China, as its profit line. After the first Sino-Japanese war, Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed between the two governments, conceding Taiwan of China to Japan via intergovernmental treaty for the first time, which served as the origin of the Taiwan Question in Sino-Japanese relations. It can be said that it was the first Sino-Japanese war that changed the destiny of Taiwan, and it was the first Sino-Japanese war that opened the prelude of the Taiwan Question. From this perspective, reviewing the first Sino-Japanese War and the historical evidence of the concession of Taiwan in Treaty of Shimonoseki, and observing the historical facts and ideological roots of Japan's foreign expansion before and after the first Sino-Japanese War is of great significance to the research of the Taiwan Question and Sino-Japanese relations after the war.%日本近代幕末“尊皇攘夷”的代表人物之一吉田松阴,是日本近代对外扩张的“设计师”,而吉田松阴的得意门生、有着“日本陆军鼻祖”之称的山县有朋,继承了吉田松阴的扩张主义思想体系,通过内阁确立了日本近代对外扩张的“大陆政策”,并将包括我国台湾在内的东亚地区作为其“利益线”。甲午战争之后中日两国签署的《马关条约》,第一次以政府间条约的形式,将中国的台湾割让给日本,成为中日关系中台湾问题的缘起。可以说,是甲午战争改变了台湾的命运,是甲午战争开启了台湾问题的序幕。

  16. In-vivo experimental demonstration that hyperhistaminism counteracts tumor-growth.

    Dellarovere, F; Broccio, G; Granata, A; Fimiani, V


    Induction of hyperhistaminism in peritoneum of rats by daily intraperitoneal supply of 0.005 mu g of histamine, counteracts the growth of 10(3) Yoshida ascite sarcoma cells only if administration precedes inoculation of tumor cells and has a long duration. Treating animals for two weeks before tumor cell inoculation we observed significant 70% survival, that was increased to 80% continuing the supply for 20-days after the inoculation; treatment for 3 days before or 20 days after the inoculation did not show significant results. The condition created in rat peritoneum is similar to that in allergic people, and our data in animals confirm statistical data observed in allergic people showing decreased incidence of neoplastic disease due to histamine, that appears to be integrated in a highly potent immunoregulatory circuit.

  17. Magnetocaloric effect in a cluster-glass system Ho5Pd2-xNix

    Toyoizumi, Saori; Kitazawa, Hideaki; Morita, Kengo; Tamaki, Akira


    In order to investigate the effect of chemical pressure on the large magnetocaloric effect in Ho5 Pd2, we conducted X-ray diffraction, magnetization, and specific heat measurements on Ho5Pd2-xNix(0≤ x ≤ 1.0) rare-earth intermetallic compounds. The linear x dependence of the lattice constant a suggests that Ni is replaced with Pd in the case of Ho5Pd2-xNix (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5). The spin-glass transition temperature Tg and paramagnetic Curie temperature θP indicate a weak oscillatory x dependence. However, the magnetic entropy change —ΔSm and the relative cooling power (RCP) are rapidly suppressed with increasing x. These large reductions in —ΔSm and RCP cannot be explained only in terms of normal Ruderman-Kittel- Kasuya-Yoshida (RKKY)-type indirect exchange interactions.

  18. The Toric Geometry of Triangulated Polygons in Euclidean Space

    Howard, Benjamin; Millson, John


    Speyer and Sturmfels [SpSt] associated Gr\\"obner toric degenerations $\\mathrm{Gr}_2(\\C^n)^{\\tree}$ of $\\mathrm{Gr}_2(\\C^n)$ to each trivalent tree $\\tree$ with $n$ leaves. These degenerations induce toric degenerations $M_{\\br}^{\\tree}$ of $M_{\\br}$, the space of $n$ ordered, weighted (by $\\br$) points on the projective line. Our goal in this paper is to give a geometric (Euclidean polygon) description of the toric fibers as stratified symplectic spaces and describe the action of the compact part of the torus as "bendings of polygons." We prove the conjecture of Foth and Hu [FH] that the toric fibers are homeomorphic to the spaces defined by Kamiyama and Yoshida [KY].

  19. Relabeling symmetry in relativistic fluids and plasmas

    Kawazura, Yohei; Fukumoto, Yasuhide


    The conservation of the recently formulated relativistic canonical helicity [Yoshida Z, Kawazura Y, and Yokoyama T 2014 J. Math. Phys. 55 043101] is derived from Noether's theorem by constructing an action principle on the relativistic Lagrangian coordinates (we obtain general cross helicities that include the helicity of the canonical vorticity). The conservation law is, then, explained by the relabeling symmetry pertinent to the Lagrangian label of fluid elements. Upon Eulerianizing the Noether current, the purely spatial volume integral on the Lagrangian coordinates is mapped to a space-time mixed three-dimensional integral on the four-dimensional Eulerian coordinates. The relativistic conservation law in the Eulerian coordinates is no longer represented by any divergence-free current; hence, it is not adequate to regard the relativistic helicity (represented by the Eulerian variables) as a Noether charge, and this stands the reason why the "conventional helicity" is no longer a constant of motion. We have...

  20. Steady State and Dynamics of Joule Heating in Magnetic Tunnel Junctions Observed via the Temperature Dependence of RKKY Coupling

    Chavent, A.; Ducruet, C.; Portemont, C.; Vila, L.; Alvarez-Hérault, J.; Sousa, R.; Prejbeanu, I. L.; Dieny, B.


    Understanding quantitatively the heating dynamics in magnetic tunnel junctions submitted to current pulses is very important in the context of spin-transfer-torque magnetic random-access memory development. Here we provide a method to probe the heating of magnetic tunnel junctions using the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida coupling of a synthetic ferrimagnetic storage layer as a thermal sensor. The temperature increase versus applied bias voltage is measured thanks to the decrease of the spin-flop field with temperature. This method allows distinguishing spin-transfer torque effects from the influence of temperature on the switching field. The heating dynamics is then studied in real time by probing the conductance variation due to spin-flop rotation during heating. This approach provides a method for measuring fast heating in spintronic devices, particularly magnetic random-access memory using thermally assisted or spin-transfer torque writing.

  1. The magnetic properties of S={1}/{2} quasi-one-dimensional-quantum spin system DMACuCl3 in magnetic fields

    Wada, Osamu; Yoshida, Yasuo; Inagaki, Yuji; Asano, Takayuki; Kawae, Tatsuya; Takeda, Kazuyoshi; Ajiro, Yoshitami

    Magnetic susceptibility χ(T) of a quasi-one-dimensional S={1}/{2} quantum spin system DMACuCl3 (DMA=(CH 3) 2NH 2) has been measured in a magnetic field. This compound exhibits a unique magnetization curve M(H). M(H) rises with increasing magnetic field up to H=2 T, and shows a {1}/{2} plateau between H and H=3.5 T followed by a gradual increase to the saturation at Hs=14 T. In the previous studies, the specific heat C(T) shows a sharp peak in the low field region for H⩽H and in the high field region for H⩽H [Y. Yoshida, O. Wada, Y. Inagaki, T. Asano, K. Takeo, T. Kawae, K. Takeda, Y. Ajiro, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 74 (2005) 2917. [1

  2. Data on early postoperative changes in aqueous monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels after phacoemulsification.

    Kawai, Motofumi; Inoue, Toshihiro; Yoshida, Akitoshi; Tanihara, Hidenobu


    The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Elevated levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in the aqueous humor after phacoemulsification" (M. Kawai, T. Inoue, M. Inatani, N. Tsuboi, K. Shobayashi, A. Matsukawa, A. Yoshida, H, 2012) [1]. The mean (±SE) aqueous MCP-1 levels (pg/ml) were 31.2±12.5, 1931.2±910.7, 2172.2±1015.7, 3315.4 ±1535.8, 3015.9 ±914.4, 2709.0 ±738.7, 72.8 ±26.9, and 207.1±62.9 at 0, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 168, and 720 h after phacoemulsification, respectively. The immunohistochemical analysis showed a number of MCP-1 positive inflammatory cells in the anterior chamber and conjunctiva. There were some MCP-1 positive cells in the corneal endothelium.

  3. Paramodular Cusp Forms

    Poor, Cris


    We classify Siegel modular cusp forms of weight two for the paramodular group K(p) for primes p< 600. We find that weight two Hecke eigenforms beyond the Gritsenko lifts correspond to certain abelian varieties defined over the rationals of conductor p. The arithmetic classification is in a companion article by A. Brumer and K. Kramer. The Paramodular Conjecture, supported by these computations and consistent with the Langlands philosophy and the work of H. Yoshida, is a partial extension to degree 2 of the Shimura-Taniyama Conjecture. These nonlift Hecke eigenforms share Euler factors with the corresponding abelian variety $A$ and satisfy congruences modulo \\ell with Gritsenko lifts, whenever $A$ has rational \\ell-torsion.

  4. 中国异枝软骨凹顶藻Chondrophycus intermedius(Yamada)Garbary et Harper的形态及解剖学%The Morphology and Anatomy of Chondrophycus Intermedius (Yamada) Garbary et Harper from China Coasts

    丁兰平; 黄冰心; 曾呈奎


    @@ 异枝凹顶藻Laurencia intermedia Yamada广泛地分布于东亚西太平洋沿岸的中国、朝鲜半岛(Nam et al.,1984)及日本(Yoshida et al.,1998).在东南亚的菲律宾(Silva et al.,1987),太平洋的斐济岛(N'Yeurt et al.,1996),东非、印度次大陆及印度洋的斯里兰卡、肯尼亚、坦桑尼亚及Réunion(Silva et al.,1996),以及西非的利比里亚、象牙海岸及加纳(Lawson et al.,1987)等地均有报道.

  5. RKKY interaction in a chirally coupled double quantum dot system

    Heine, A. W.; Tutuc, D.; Haug, R. J. [Institut für Festkörperphysik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Appelstr. 2, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Zwicknagl, G. [Institut für Mathematische Physik, TU Braunschweig, Mendelssohnstr. 3, 38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Schuh, D. [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, Universitätstr. 31, 93053 Regensburg (Germany); Wegscheider, W. [Laboratorium für Festkörperphysik, ETH Zürich, Schafmattstr. 16, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland and Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, Universitätstr. 31, 93053 Regens (Germany)


    The competition between the Kondo effect and the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida (RKKY) interaction is investigated in a double quantum dots system, coupled via a central open conducting region. A perpendicular magnetic field induces the formation of Landau Levels which in turn give rise to the so-called Kondo chessboard pattern in the transport through the quantum dots. The two quantum dots become therefore chirally coupled via the edge channels formed in the open conducting area. In regions where both quantum dots exhibit Kondo transport the presence of the RKKY exchange interaction is probed by an analysis of the temperature dependence. The thus obtained Kondo temperature of one dot shows an abrupt increase at the onset of Kondo transport in the other, independent of the magnetic field polarity, i.e. edge state chirality in the central region.

  6. An overview of joint inversion in earthquake source imaging

    Koketsu, Kazuki


    We reviewed joint inversion studies of the rupture processes of significant earthquakes, using the definition of a joint inversion in earthquake source imaging as a source inversion of multiple kinds of datasets (waveform, geodetic, or tsunami). Yoshida and Koketsu (Geophys J Int 103:355-362, 1990), and Wald and Heaton (Bull Seismol Soc Am 84:668-691, 1994) independently initiated joint inversion methods, finding that joint inversion provides more reliable rupture process models than single-dataset inversion, leading to an increase of joint inversion studies. A list of these studies was made using the finite-source rupture model database (Mai and Thingbaijam in Seismol Res Lett 85:1348-1357, 2014). Outstanding issues regarding joint inversion were also discussed.

  7. Springback prediction of titanium tube bending considering Bauschinger effect and Young's modulus variation

    Ma, J.; Yang, H.; Li, H.; Tao, Z. J.; Li, G. J.


    High strength titanium bent tubes present promising usages in advanced aircraft and spacecraft to achieve lightweight and improve overall performance. However, the high ratio of yield strength to Young's modulus results in significant springback in bending, which limits their forming accuracy. In this work, the Bauschinger effect and nonlinear unloading behavior of high strength Ti-3Al-2.5V tube are experimentally investigated. Then, to describe such behaviors, the Yoshida-Uemori (Y-U) two-surface hardening model and Chord unloading model are introduced into the elastoplastic constitutive framework and numerically implemented. Taking rotary draw (RDB) bending as a case, the springback angles are predicted and analyzed by comparison with the experimental results.

  8. [The effects of media violence on affective, cognitive, and physiological reactions of viewers].

    Yukawa, S; Yoshida, F


    The present study investigated the effects of media violence on affective, cognitive, and physiological reactions of viewers. Eighty undergraduate student (male = 40, female = 40) participated in the experiment. First, subjects were exposed to one of four violent films whose levels of violence and entertainment were based on ratings taken in a previous study (Yoshida & Yukawa, 1996). Immediately after viewing the film, subjects described their thoughts which occurred during watching the film and rated their affective reactions toward the film. Heart rate and eyeblink rate as indicators of physiological arousal were measured continuously before, during, and after the film. Results showed that the film high in violence elicited more negative and empty-powerless affects, while the film high in entertainment evoked more positive affects.

  9. Chemical sympathectomy increases neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in tumor-bearing rats but does not influence cancer progression.

    Horvathova, Lubica; Tillinger, Andrej; Sivakova, Ivana; Mikova, Lucia; Mravec, Boris; Bucova, Maria


    The sympathetic nervous system regulates many immune functions and modulates the anti-tumor immune defense response, too. Therefore, we studied the effect of 6-hydroxydopamine induced sympathectomy on selected hematological parameters and inflammatory markers in rats with Yoshida AH130 ascites hepatoma. We found that chemically sympathectomized tumor-bearing rats had significantly increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, leukocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio, and plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha. Although our findings showed that sympathetic denervation in tumor-bearing rats led to increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, that is an indicator of the disease progression, we found no significant changes in tumor growth and survival of sympathectomized tumor-bearing rats.

  10. Sulfur isotopic analysis of carbonyl sulfide and its application for biogeochemical cycles

    Hattori, Shohei; Kamezaki, Kazuki; Ogawa, Takahiro; Toyoda, Sakae; Katayama, Yoko; Yoshida, Naohiro


    reaction does not contribute to the MIF signatures observed in sulfate aerosol samples and/or Archaean rock records. At the presentation, we report the comparison of 34ɛ values determined using some strains and the atmospheric implications for the OCS degradation in the present atmosphere are discussed. Hattori, S., Danielache, S. O., Johnson, M. S., Schmidt, J. A., Kjaergaard, H. G., Toyoda, S., Ueno, Y., Yoshida, N. Ultraviolet absorption cross sections of carbonyl sulfide isotopologues OC32S, OC33S, OC34S and O13CS: isotopic fractionation in photolysis and atmospheric implications, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10293-10303, 2011. Schmidt, J. A., Johnson, M. S., Jung, Y., Danielache, S. O., Hattori, S., Yoshida, N., Predictions of the sulfur and carbon kinetic isotope effects in the OH + OCS reaction, Chem. Phys. Lett., 531, 64-69, 2012. Hattori, S., Schmidt J. A., Mahler D., Danielache, S. O., Johnson M. S., Yoshida N. Isotope Effect in the Carbonyl Sulfide Reaction with O(3P), J. Phys. Chem. A, 116, 3521-3526, 2012. Hattori, S., Toyoda, A., Toyoda, S., Ishino S., Ueno, Y., Yoshida, N.: Determination of the Sulfur Isotope Ratio in Carbonyl Sulfide using Gas Chromatography/Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry on Fragment Ions 32S+, 33S+, and 34S+, Anal. Chem., 87, 477-484, 2015. Kato, H., Saito, M., Nagahata, Y., Katayama, Y.: Degradation of ambient carbonyl sulfide by Mycobacterium spp. in soil. Microbiol., 154(1), 249-255, 2008.

  11. Theophylline is able to partially revert cachexia in tumour-bearing rats

    Olivan Mireia


    Full Text Available Abstract Background and aims The aim of the present investigation was to examine the anti-wasting effects of theophylline (a methylxantine present in tea leaves on a rat model of cancer cachexia. Methods The in vitro effects of the nutraceuticals on proteolysis were examined on muscle cell cultures submitted to hyperthermia. Individual muscle weights, muscle gene expression, body composition and cardiac function were measured in rats bearing the Yoshida AH-130 ascites hepatoma, following theophylline treatment. Results Theophylline treatment inhibited proteolysis in C2C12 cell line and resulted in an anti-proteolytic effect on muscle tissue (soleus and heart, which was associated with a decrease in circulating TNF-alpha levels and with a decreased proteolytic systems gene expression. Treatment with the nutraceutical also resulted in an improvement in body composition and cardiac function. Conclusion Theophylline - alone or in combination with drugs - may be a candidate molecule for the treatment of cancer cachexia.

  12. List of participants at SIDE IV meeting, Tokyo, 27 November--1 December 2000


    Mark J Ablowitz, Vsevolod Adler, Mark Alber, Said Belmehdi, Marco Boiti, Claude Brezinski, R Bullough, Y M Chiang, Theodore Chihara, Peter A Clarkson, Robert Conte, Adam Doliwa, Vladimir Dorodnitsyn, Mitsuaki Eguchi, Claire Gilson, Basil Grammaticos, Valeri Gromak, Rod Halburd, Koji Hasegawa, Jarmo Hietarinta, Ryogo Hirota, Xing Biao Hu, M Idzumi, J Inoguchi, Hiroya Ishikara, Mourad Ismail, Shin Isojima, Kenichi Ito, Yoshiaki Itoh, Masashi Iwasaki, Klara Janglajew, Michio Jimbo, Nalini Joshi, Kenji Kajiwara, Saburo Kakei, Masaru Kamata, Satoshi Kamei, Rinat Kashaev, Shingo Kawai, Taeko Kimijima, K Kimura, Anatol Kirillov, Koichi Kondo, Boris Konopelchenko, Martin Kruskal, Atsuo Kuniba, Wataru Kunishima, Franklin Lambert, Serguei Leble, Decio Levi, Shigeru Maeda, Manuel Manas, Ken-Ichi Maruno, Tetsu Masuda, J Matsukidaira, Atsushi Matsumiya, Shigeki Matsutani, Yukitaka Minesaki, Mikio Murata, Micheline Musette, Atsushi Nagai, Katsuya Nakagawa, Atsushi Nakamula, Akira Nakamura, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Frank Nijhoff, J J C Nimmo, Katsuhiro Nishinari, Michitomo Nishizawa, A Nobe, Masatoshi Noumi, Yaeko Ohsaki, Yasuhiro Ohta, Kazuo Okamoto, Alexandre Orlov, Naoki Osada, Flora Pempinelli, Spiro Pyrlis, Reinout Quispel, Orlando Ragnisco, Alfred Ramani, Jean-Pierre Ramis, Andreas Ruffing, Simon Ruijsenaars, Satoru Saito, Noriko Saitoh, Hidetaka Sakai, Paulo Santini, Narimasa Sasa, Ryu Sasaki, Yoshikatsu Sasaki, Junkichi Satsuma, Sergei Sergeev, Nobuhiko Shinzawa, Evgueni Sklyanin, Juris Suris, Norio Suzuki, Yukiko Tagami, Katsuaki Takahashi, Daisuke Takahashi, Tomoyuki Takenawa, Yoshiro Takeyama, K M Tamizhmani, T Tamizhmani, Kouichi Toda, Morikatsu Toda, Tetsuji Tokihiro, Takayuki Tsuchida, Yohei Tsuchiya, Teruhisa Tsuda, Satoru Tsujimoto, Walter Van Assche, Claude Viallet, Luc Vinet, Shinsuke Watanabe, Yoshihida Watanabe, Ralph Willox, Pavel Winternitz, Yasuhiko Yamada, Yuji Yamada, Jin Yoneda, Haruo Yoshida, Katsuhiko Yoshida, Daisuke Yoshihara, Fumitaka Yura, J

  13. Numerical Modeling for Springback Predictions by Considering the Variations of Elastic Modulus in Stamping Advanced High-Strength Steels (AHSS)

    Kim, Hyunok; Kimchi, Menachem


    This paper presents a numerical modeling approach for predicting springback by considering the variations of elastic modulus on springback in stamping AHSS. Various stamping tests and finite-element method (FEM) simulation codes were used in this study. The cyclic loading-unloading tensile tests were conducted to determine the variations of elastic modulus for dual-phase (DP) 780 sheet steel. The biaxial bulge test was used to obtain plastic flow stress data. The non-linear reduction of elastic modulus for increasing the plastic strain was formulated by using the Yoshida model that was implemented in FEM simulations for springback. To understand the effects of material properties on springback, experiments were conducted with a simple geometry such as U-shape bending and the more complex geometry such as the curved flanging and S-rail stamping. Different measurement methods were used to confirm the final part geometry. Two different commercial FEM codes, LS-DYNA and DEFORM, were used to compare the experiments. The variable elastic modulus improved springback predictions in U-shape bending and curved flanging tests compared to FEM with the constant elastic modulus. However, in S-rail stamping tests, both FEM models with the isotropic hardening model showed limitations in predicting the sidewall curl of the S-rail part after springback. To consider the kinematic hardening and Bauschinger effects that result from material bending-unbending in S-rail stamping, the Yoshida model was used for FEM simulation of S-rail stamping and springback. The FEM predictions showed good improvement in correlating with experiments.

  14. Evaluation of morphological characteristics of local and improved rice (Oryza sativa L. genotypes under two nitrogen levels in hydroponic culture

    S. Takhti


    Full Text Available In order to study the response of rice genotypes to different levels of nitrogen (N, an experiment was conducted to evaluate growth and development of 28 selected rice genotypes (improved and local from north of Iran, and cultivated in Central Iran under two levels of N including 2.85 mM (N concentration of Yoshida solution and 1.42 mM (half the N concentration of Yoshida solution from ammonium nitrate source. The experiment was arranged as factorial, based on a completely randomized blocks design, with three replications. Results showed that the effects of genotype, N level and their interaction were significant on the number of tillers, leaf area, SPAD index, dry weight of roots, shoot and total, shoot and root length and biomass. The extent of reductions in the values of all measured traits, except for root length and dry weight, were higher in north local genotypes as compared to other tested groups. The reductions in total dry weight were 14.82, 5.80 and 2.67 percent for north local, north improved and genotypes from center of Iran, respectively. There was significant variation among genotypes in response to nitrogen deficiency. Nitrogen efficiency was highest in Fajr and Khazar within north improved genotypes, in Hassani and Kazemi within north local genotypes and in Line2 Firozan within genotypes from center of Iran. However, the lowest values for nitrogen efficiency were achieved in Nemat and Shirodi within north improved genotypes, in Tarom-mantaghe and Ahlami Tarom within north local genotypes and in Zayandehrud within genotypes from center of Iran. Results showed that correlation between shoot dry weight (as plant yield with number of tillers and plant leaf area were higher under N deficiency (r= 0.74 and r= 0.57 than under nitrogen sufficiency (r = 0.13 and r = 0.41 conditions.

  15. The role of harzburgite layers in the morphology of subducting plates and the behavior of oceanic crustal layers

    Yoshida, Masaki


    viscosity contrast between the harzburgite layer and the underlying mantle are larger, the volumes of crustal and harzburgite materials trapped in the mantle transition zone (MTZ) are also larger, although almost all of the materials penetrate into the lower mantle. These materials are trapped in the MTZ for over tens of millions of years. The bending of crustal layers numerically observed in the present study is consistent with seismological evidence that there is a piece of subducted oceanic crust in the uppermost lower mantle beneath the subducting slab under the Mariana trench [Niu et al., 2003, JGR]. The results of the present study suggest that when the viscosity increase at the boundary of the upper and lower mantle is larger than 60-100, a seismically observed stagnant slab is reproduced. This result is consistent with the previous independent geodynamic studies. For instance, a 2D geodynamic model with lateral viscosity variations suggested that it would need to be substantially greater than 30, say, around 100, to explain the positive geoid anomaly in the subduction zones where the subducting slab reaches the boundary between the upper and lower mantle such as that of the western Pacific [Tosi et al., 2009, GJI]. References: [1] Tajima, F. Yoshida, M. and Ohtani, E., Conjecture with water and rheological control for subducting slab in the mantle transition zone, Geoscience Frontiers, doi:10.1016/j.gsf.2013.12.005, 2014. [2] Yoshida, M. The role of harzburgite layers in the morphology of subducting plates and the behavior of oceanic crustal layers, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(20), 5387-5392, doi:10.1002/2013GL057578, 2013. [3] Yoshida, M. and Tajima, F., On the possibility of a folded crustal layer stored in the hydrous mantle transition zone, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 219, 34-48, doi:10.1016/j.pepi.2013.03.004, 2013.

  16. Quantification of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from wastewater treatment plants using a ground-based remote sensing approach

    Delre, Antonio; Mønster, Jacob; Scheutz, Charlotte


    The direct release of nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) from wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) is important because it contributes to the global greenhouse gases (GHGs) release and strongly effects the WWTP carbon footprint. Biological nitrogen removal technologies could increase the direct emission of N2O (IPCC, 2006), while CH4 losses are of environmental, economic and safety concern. Currently, reporting of N2O and CH4 emissions from WWTPs are performed mainly using methods suggested by IPCC which are not site specific (IPCC, 2006). The dynamic tracer dispersion method (TDM), a ground based remote sensing approach implemented at DTU Environment, was demonstrated to be a novel and successful tool for full-scale CH4 and N2O quantification from WWTPs. The method combines a controlled release of tracer gas from the facility with concentration measurements downwind of the plant (Mønster et al., 2014; Yoshida et al., 2014). TDM in general is based on the assumption that a tracer gas released at an emission source, in this case a WWTP, disperses into the atmosphere in the same way as the GHG emitted from process units. Since the ratio of their concentrations remains constant along their atmospheric dispersion, the GHG emission rate can be calculated using the following expression when the tracer gas release rate is known: EGHG=Qtr*(CGHG/Ctr)*(MWGHG/MWtr) EGHG is the GHG emission in mass per time, Qtr is the tracer release in mass per time, CGHG and Ctr are the concentrations measured downwind in parts per billion subtracted of their background values and integrated over the whole plume, and MWGHG and MWtr are the molar weights of GHG and tracer gas respectively (Mønster et al. 2014). In this study, acetylene (C2H2) was used as tracer. Downwind plume concentrations were measured driving along transects with two cavity ring down spectrometers (Yoshida et al., 2014). TDM was successfully applied in different seasons at several Scandinavian WWTPs characterized by

  17. 日本“政经分离”对华政策的形成背景及影响%The Cause of Japanese "Political and Economic Seperation" Policy and Its Influence on China



    Shigeru Yoshida government signed the "Taiwan Peace Treaty" in 1952,which cut off the official communication channel with China,but Japan did not give up the thought of contact with China and formed a "Political and Economic Seperation" policy towards China.This policy was to avoid the political and diplomatic relations,but only to maintain the trade,culture,and non-governmental relations with China,which had been affecting the normalization of Sino-Japanese relations development.Why did the "Political and Economic Isolation" policy make? What was the link with Chinese nongovernmental diplomacy? This paper mainly uses the Archives of China,Japan and America,reduces the international background of Asia in the cold war and Shigeru Yoshida government's choice in foreign affairs,so as to provide a new path to understand the history of Sino-Japanese nongovernmental diplomatic.%二战后,美国的最初目标是使日本解体,由美国占领日本本土,但亚洲地区国家间关系的变化使美国调整了对日政策。1952年在美国的授意下吉田茂政府完成了《日台和平条约》的签字,彻底断绝了中日间的官方往来渠道。然而,日本并没有放弃与中国接触的思想,并形成了"政经分离"的对华政策。这一政策一直影响着战后中日邦交正常化的发展。虽然在最终目标的达成方面中日两国存在分歧,但在重视民间力量的作用,维持中日关系不被美国的禁运政策束缚而中断方面,两国政府的出发点是一致的。

  18. Two-Photon Absorption Spectroscopy of Rubidium with a Dual-Comb Tequnique

    Nishiyama, Akiko; Yoshida, Satoru; Hariki, Takuya; Nakajima, Yoshiaki; Minoshima, Kaoru


    Dual-comb spectroscopies have great potential for high-resolution molecular and atomic spectroscopies, thanks to the broadband comb spectrum consisting of dense narrow modes. In this study, we apply the dual-comb system to Doppler-free two-photon absorption spectroscopy. The outputs of two frequency combs excite several two-photon transitions of rubidium, and we obtained broadband Doppler-free spectra from dual-comb fluorescence signals. The fluorescence detection scheme circumvents the sensitivity limit which is effectively determined by the dynamic range of photodetectors in absorption-based dual-comb spectroscopies. Our system realized high-sensitive, Doppler-free high-resolution and broadband atomic spectroscopy. A part of observed spectra of 5S_{1/2} - 5D_{5/2} transition is shown in the figure. The hyperfine structures of the F" = 1 - F' = 3,2,1 transitions are fully-resolved and the spectral widths are approximately 5 MHz. The absolute frequency axis is precisely calibrated from comb mode frequencies which were stabilized to a GPS-disciplined clock. This work was supported by JST through the ERATO MINOSHIMA Intelligent Optical Synthesizer Project and Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows (16J02345). A. Nishiyama, S. Yoshida, Y. Nakajima, H. Sasada, K. Nakagawa, A. Onae, K. and Minoshima, Opt. Express 24, 25894 (2016). A. Hipke, S. A. Meek, T. Ideguchi, T.W. Hänsch, and N. Picqué, Phys. Rev. A 90, 011805(R) (2014).

  19. The three viewpoints for raising a child's natural science literacy -Catch, Touch and Watch -

    Yoshida, K.; Matsumoto, I.


    There are few opportunities to go out for field study, and the difficulty of letting a child and student get an understanding accompanied with realization, in Primary and Junior high schools of Japan (e.g. JST, 2010; 2011). Performing field study using nature near around school is a good opportunity to force the essence of everything. Moreover, it is very important also on the concept formation of the natural science over the things phenomenon of a child and student. In this presentation, I clarify the appearance of the child who wants to educate from a viewpoint of field study, and observe three viewpoints of "Catch", "Touch", and "Watch" which heightens the education effect in the field (nature). In the presentation of this meeting last year (Yoshida and Matsumoto, 2011), I outlined that three viewpoint of "Catch", "Touch", and "Watch" is important. In response to it, I carried out More-Options arrangement about the "natural science literacy" to the child of each viewpoint this time. For that purpose, teacher effective support is required to educate to a child. That is, the focusing to the details in the inside of a large nature, prepare of teaching materials and teaching tools, and a teacher's own independence study are important.

  20. Synthesis: Chapter 19

    Pardo, L.H.; Geiser, L.H.; Fenn, M.E.; Driscoll, C.T.; Goodale, C.L.; Allen, E.B.; Baron, J. S.; Bobbink, R.; Bowman, W.D.; Clark, C.M.; Emmett, B.; Gilliam, F.S.; Greaver, T.; Hall, S.J.; Lilleskov, E.A.; Liu, L.; Lynch, J.A.; Nadelhoffer, K.; Perakis, S.S.; Robin-Abbott, M. J.; Stoddard, J.L.; Weathers, K. C.


    Human activity in the last century has led to a substantial increase in nitrogen (N) emissions and deposition (Galloway et al. 2003). Because of past, and, in some regions, continuing increases in emissions (Lehmann et al. 2005, Nilles and Conley 2001), this N deposition has reached a level that has caused or is likely to cause alterations and damage in many ecosystems across the United States. In some ecoregions, the impact of N deposition has been severe and has changed the biotic community structure and composition of ecosystems. In the Mediterranean California ecoregion, for example (see Chapter 13), replacement of native by exotic invasive vegetation is accelerated because exotic species are often more productive under elevated N deposition than native species in some California grasslands, coastal sage scrub, and desert scrub (Fenn et al. 2010, Rao and Allen 2010, Rao et al. 2010, Weiss 1999, Yoshida and Allen 2004). Such shifts in plant community composition and species richness can have consequences beyond changes in ecosystem structure: shifts may lead to overall losses in biodiversity and further impair particular threatened or endangered species (Stevens et al. 2004). Th e extirpation of the endangered checkerspot butterfl y (Euphydryas editha bayensis), because the host plant for the larval stage disappears in N-enriched ecosystems (Fenn et al. 2010, Weiss 1999), is just one example of the detrimental impacts of elevated N deposition.

  1. Fast and dynamically reliable symplectic integration for solar system N-body problems

    Hernandez, David M


    We apply one of the exactly symplectic integrators, that we call HB15, of \\cite{HB15} to solve solar system $N$-body problems. We compare the method to Wisdom-Holman methods (WH), MERCURY, and others and find HB15 to have high efficiency. Unlike WH, HB15 solved $N$-body problems exhibiting close encounters with small, acceptable error, although frequent encounters slowed the code. Switching maps like MERCURY change between two methods and are not exactly symplectic. We carry out careful tests on their properties and suggest they must be used with caution. We use different integrators to solve a 3-body problem consisting of a binary planet orbiting a star. For all tested tolerances and time steps, MERCURY unbinds the binary after 0 to 25 years. However, in the solutions of HB15, a time-symmetric Hermite code, and a symplectic Yoshida method, the binary remains bound for $>1000$ years. The methods' solutions are qualitatively different, despite small errors in the first integrals in most cases. Several checks s...

  2. Control of nonlinear systems using periodic parametric perturbations with application to a reversed field pinch

    Mirus, Kevin Andrew

    In this thesis, the possibility of controlling low- and high-dimensional chaotic systems by periodically driving an accessible system parameter is examined. This method has been carried out on several numerical systems and the MST Reversed Field Pinch. The numerical systems investigated include the logistic equation, the Lorenz equations, the Rossler equations, a coupled lattice of logistic equations, a coupled lattice of Lorenz equations, the Yoshida equations, which model tearing mode fluctuations in a plasma, and a neural net model for magnetic fluctuations on MST. This method was tested on the MST by sinusoidally driving a magnetic flux through the toroidal gap of the device. Numerically, periodic drives were found to be most effective at producing limit cycle behavior or significantly reducing the dimension of the system when the perturbation frequency was near natural frequencies of unstable periodic orbits embedded in the attractor of the unperturbed system. Several different unstable periodic orbits have been stabilized in this way for the low-dimensional numerical systems, sometimes with perturbation amplitudes that were less than 5% of the nominal value of the parameter being perturbed. In high- dimensional systems, limit cycle behavior and significant decreases in the system dimension were also achieved using perturbations with frequencies near the natural unstable periodic orbit frequencies. Results for the MST were not this encouraging, most likely because of an insufficient drive amplitude, the extremely high dimension of the plasma behavior, large amounts of noise, and a lack of stationarity in the transient plasma pulses.

  3. Au42: A possible ground-state noble metallic nanotube

    Wang, Jing; Ning, Hua; Ma, Qing-Min; Liu, Ying; Li, You-Cheng


    A large hollow tubelike Au42 is predicted as a new ground-state configuration based on the scalar relativistic density functional theory. The shape of this new Au42 cluster is similar to a (5,5) single-wall gold nanotube, the two ends of which are capped by half of a fullerenelike Au32. In the same way, a series of Aun (n =37,42,47,52,57,62,67,72,…, Δn =5) tubelike structures has been constructed. The highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital gaps suggested a significant semiconductor-conductor alternation in n ɛ[32,47]. Similar to the predictions and speculation of Daedalus [D. E. H. Jones, New Sci. 32, 245 (1966); E. Osawa, Superaromaticity (Kagaku, Kyoto, 1970), Vol. 25, pp. 854-863; Z. Yoshida and E. Osawa, Aromaticity Chemical Monograph (Kagaku Dojin, Kyoto, Japan, 1971), Vol. 22, pp. 174-176; D. A. Bochvar and E. G. Gal'pern, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 209, 610 (1973)], here a large hollow ground-state gold nanotube was predicted theoretically.

  4. Rikkunshito Ameliorates Cancer Cachexia Partly through Elevation of Glucarate in Plasma

    Katsuya Ohbuchi


    Full Text Available Cancer cachexia, which is characterized by decreased food intake, weight loss and systemic inflammation, increases patient’s morbidity and mortality. We previously showed that rikkunshito (RKT, a Japanese traditional herbal medicine (Kampo, ameliorated the symptoms of cancer cachexia through ghrelin signaling-dependent and independent pathways. To investigate other mechanisms of RKT action in cancer cachexia, we performed metabolome analysis of plasma in a rat model bearing the Yoshida AH-130 hepatoma. A total of 110 metabolites were detected in plasma and RKT treatment significantly altered levels of 23 of those metabolites in cachexia model rats. Among them, glucarate, which is known to have anticarcinogenic activity through detoxification of carcinogens via inhibition of β-glucuronidase, was increased in plasma following administration of RKT. In our AH-130 ascites-induced cachexia rat model, administration of glucarate delayed onset of weight loss, improved muscle atrophy, and reduced ascites content. Additionally, glucarate reduced levels of plasma interferon-γ (IFN-γ in tumor-bearing rats and was also found to suppress LPS-induced IFN-γ expression in splenocytes in vitro. These results suggest that glucarate has anti-inflammatory activity via a direct effect on immune host cells and suggest that RKT may also ameliorate inflammation partly through the elevation of glucarate in plasma.

  5. Living on the Edge: A Toy Model for Holographic Reconstruction of Algebras with Centers

    Donnelly, William; Marolf, Donald; Wien, Jason


    We generalize the Pastawski-Yoshida-Harlow-Preskill (HaPPY) holographic quantum error-correcting code to provide a toy model for bulk gauge fields or linearized gravitons. The key new elements are the introduction of degrees of freedom on the links (edges) of the associated tensor network and their connection to further copies of the HaPPY code by an appropriate isometry. The result is a model in which boundary regions allow the reconstruction of bulk algebras with central elements living on the interior edges of the (greedy) entanglement wedge, and where these central elements can also be reconstructed from complementary boundary regions. In addition, the entropy of boundary regions receives both Ryu-Takayanagi-like contributions and further corrections that model the $\\frac{\\delta \\text{Area}}{4G_N}$ term of Faulkner, Lewkowycz, and Maldacena. Comparison with Yang-Mills theory then suggests that this $\\frac{\\delta \\text{Area}}{4G_N}$ term can be reinterpreted as a part of the bulk entropy of gravitons under...

  6. Fast and reliable symplectic integration for planetary system N-body problems

    Hernandez, David M.


    We apply one of the exactly symplectic integrators, which we call HB15, of Hernandez & Bertschinger, along with the Kepler problem solver of Wisdom & Hernandez, to solve planetary system N-body problems. We compare the method to Wisdom-Holman (WH) methods in the MERCURY software package, the MERCURY switching integrator, and others and find HB15 to be the most efficient method or tied for the most efficient method in many cases. Unlike WH, HB15 solved N-body problems exhibiting close encounters with small, acceptable error, although frequent encounters slowed the code. Switching maps like MERCURY change between two methods and are not exactly symplectic. We carry out careful tests on their properties and suggest that they must be used with caution. We then use different integrators to solve a three-body problem consisting of a binary planet orbiting a star. For all tested tolerances and time steps, MERCURY unbinds the binary after 0 to 25 years. However, in the solutions of HB15, a time-symmetric HERMITE code, and a symplectic Yoshida method, the binary remains bound for >1000 years. The methods' solutions are qualitatively different, despite small errors in the first integrals in most cases. Several checks suggest that the qualitative binary behaviour of HB15's solution is correct. The Bulirsch-Stoer and Radau methods in the MERCURY package also unbind the binary before a time of 50 years, suggesting that this dynamical error is due to a MERCURY bug.

  7. Curcumin and 5-Fluorouracil-loaded, folate- and transferrin-decorated polymeric magnetic nanoformulation: a synergistic cancer therapeutic approach, accelerated by magnetic hyperthermia

    Balasubramanian S


    Full Text Available Sivakumar Balasubramanian,1 Aswathy Ravindran Girija,1 Yutaka Nagaoka,1 Seiki Iwai,1 Masashi Suzuki,1 Venugopal Kizhikkilot,2 Yasuhiko Yoshida,1 Toru Maekawa,1 Sakthikumar Dasappan Nair1 1Bio Nano Electronics Research Center, Graduate School of Interdisciplinary New Science, Toyo University, Kawagoe, Japan; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Sooriya Hospital, Chennai, India Abstract: The efficient targeting and therapeutic efficacy of a combination of drugs (curcumin and 5-Fluorouracil [5FU] and magnetic nanoparticles encapsulated poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles, functionalized with two cancer-specific ligands are discussed in our work. This multifunctional, highly specific nanoconjugate resulted in the superior uptake of nanoparticles by cancer cells. Upon magnetic hyperthermia, we could harness the advantages of incorporating magnetic nanoparticles that synergistically acted with the drugs to destroy cancer cells within a very short period of time. The remarkable multimodal efficacy attained by this therapeutic nanoformulation offers the potential for targeting, imaging, and treatment of cancer within a short period of time (120 minutes by initiating early and late apoptosis. Keywords: nanotechnology, curcumin, 5FU, folate, transferrin, PLGA nanoparticle, magnetic hyperthermia

  8. Why the West should Discourage Japanese Military Expansion

    David Robinson


    Full Text Available Japanese foreign policy has gradually changed since the ColdWar, as Japan’s allies have encouraged it to abandon the YoshidaDoctrine’s institutional pacifism and adopt a pro-active role inmaintaining global security. This paper will examine the transition of Japanese foreign policy towards becoming a ‘normal’ state, and consider the questions of whether their quest for a United Nations Security Council seat should be supported, and if Asian nations are justified in emphasising Japanese war crimes in opposition to Japan’s expanding role. I will argue that replacing the Japanese army with an American security treaty helped to maintain Asian stability in the late Twentieth Century, and that mostscenarios of expanding Japanese military power indicate an increasedlikelihood either of regional conflict or decreasing Western influence in the Asia-Pacific. Japan should thus be discouraged from developing its Self-Defense Force beyond minimal requirements. In this context Japan’s membership of the UN Security Council should not be supported, and references to past Japanese atrocities remain relevant and appropriate in discussions of Japan’s international role.

  9. Lack of an Association between Autoimmune Pancreatitis and Varicella Zoster Virus

    Neal C Patel


    Full Text Available Dear Sir: Autoimmune pancreatitis is a form of chronic pancreatitis that was first described by Sarles et al. in 1961, and later coined in 1995 by Yoshida et al. [1, 2]. Subsequently, two types of autoimmune pancreatitis have been described. Autoimmune pancreatitis type 1 fits the classic description of the disease and is associated with a lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis and an elevated level of immunoglobulin G4 subclass of IgG. Autoimmune pancreatitis type 2 is characterized by a distinct neutrophilic obliterating lesion of the ductal epithelium [3]. Although the histopathological findings of autoimmune pancreatitis are well studied, the risk factors, pathogenesis, and treatments are still not well understood. There have been many hypotheses to the etiology of autoimmune pancreatitis, which are still being studied. One proposed theory is that of microbial mimicry leading to an autoimmune disorder. Several studies have been conducted to evaluate for a link with autoimmune pancreatitis and infectious causes, such as Helicobacter Pylori, without identifying a clear relationship [4]. Additionally, there has been a reported link between viral infections and acute pancreatitis, such as Coxackievirus [5].

  10. LHCC

    T. Virdee

    LHCC (12-13 DECEMBER 06) Feedback to CMS from the LHCC CMS Referees and R. Yoshida The prime focus of the meeting was to evaluate progress toward the several important milestones due or imminent at this time, and to review the schedule for the “end game,” culminating with the closing of CMS and making it ready for beam. In particular, we were especially interested in plans for heavy lowering, underground services, piping, cabling, and detector installation. The first section of our report concerns software and computing; the second covers the HLT. We are pleased these activities are progressing well, and offer suggestions that we hope are helpful to CMS. The third section of the report deals with construction, installation, and schedule. Here too there has been major progress, but there are also serious issues and concerns that require immediate attention from CMS. The final section of the report contains our conclusions and recommendations in this regard. CSA06 The CSA06 challen...

  11. Acceleration of the effect of solute on the entropy-volume cross fluctuation density in aqueous 2-butoxyethanol, 1-propanol, and glycerol: The fourth derivative of Gibbs energy

    Yoshida, Koh; Baluja, Shipra; Inaba, Akira; Koga, Yoshikata


    Using a differential pressure perturbation calorimetry developed by us recently [K. Yoshida, S. Baluja, A. Inaba, K. Tozaki, and Y. Koga, "Experimental determination of third derivative of G (III): Differential pressure perturbation calorimetry (II)," J. Solution Chem. (in press)], we experimentally determined the partial molar S-V cross fluctuation density of solute B, SVδB, in binary aqueous solutions for B = 1-propanol (1P) and glycerol (Gly). This third derivative of G provides information about the effect of solute B on the S-V cross fluctuation density, SVδ, in aqueous solution as the concentration of B varies. Having determined SVδB by better than 1% uncertainty, we evaluated for the first time the fourth derivative quantity SVδB-B = N(∂SVδB /∂nB) for B = 1P and Gly graphically without resorting to any fitting functions within several percent. This model-free quantity gives information about the acceleration of the effect of solute B on SVδ. By comparing fourth derivative quantities, SVδB-B, among B = 1P, Gly, and 2-butoxyethanol obtained previously, the distinction of the effect of solute on H2O becomes clearer than before when only the third derivative quantities were available.

  12. LHCC (20 MARCH 07)

    Feedback to CMS from the LHCC CMS Referees The referees are: S. de Jong, R. Mankel, A. J. S. Smith, and R. Yoshida The LHCC referees began by visiting point 5, where the outstanding progress during the past 6 weeks spoke for itself! Heartiest congratulations to the CMS Technical Co-ordination and all the people involved in the installation for completing the first phase of lowering on schedule. Ten of the fifteen elements now rest in the UXC, including the 2000-ton central element, YB0, which contains the solenoid inside its now temperature-stabilized cryostat vessel. The main topics for the meeting were the installation schedule, construction of critical detectors, and the High Level Trigger software project. Installation Schedule. We are very pleased to note that the installation has kept to the latest schedule, V35.3, since our December 11 meeting. Furthermore there are no new types of object to lower. We look forward to hearing at LHCC88 of great progress with the next challenge – piping and ...

  13. Ferromagnetic interactions between transition-metal impurities in topological and 3D Dirac semimetals

    Dietl, Tomasz

    The magnitude of ferromagnetic coupling driven by inter-band (Bloembergen-Rowland - BR) and intra-band (Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida - RKKY) spin polarization is evaluated within kp theory for topological semimetals Hg1-xMnxTe and Hg1-xMnxSe as well as for 3D Dirac semimetal (Cd1-xMnx)3As2. In these systems Mn2+ ions do not introduce any carriers. Since, however, both conduction and valence bands are built from anion p-type wave functions, hybridization of Mn d levels with neighboring anion p states leads to spin-dependent p - d coupling of both electrons and holes to localized Mn spins, resulting in sizable inter-band spin polarization and, thus in large BR interactions. We demonstrate that this ferromagnetic coupling, together with antiferromagnetic superexchange, elucidate a specific dependence of spin-glass freezing temperature on x, determined experimentally for these systems. Furthermore, by employing a multi-orbital tight-binding method, we find that superexchange becomes ferromagnetic when Mn is replaced by Cr or V. Since Cr should act as an isoelectronic impurity in HgTe, this opens a road for realization of ferromagnetic topological insulators based on (Hg,Cr)Te.

  14. Tight-binding theory of NMR shifts in topological insulators

    Garate, Ion; Boutin, Samuel; Ramirez Ruiz, Jorge

    To date, most experiments in topological insulators have focused on probing the surface states of these materials and suppressing the often inevitable contribution from bulk states. However, the latter are of interest on their own and contain useful information that can be extracted with a local probe like nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Recently, 77Se NMR experiments on Bi2Se3 single crystals have reported unusual field-independent linewidths and short spin-echo decays. It is likely that an unexpectedly strong indirect internuclear coupling, characteristic of some inverted band structures, is the cause of these peculiar results. Motivated by this hypothesis, we report on a microscopic theory of NMR shifts and linewidths in Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3. Our theory provides quantitative estimates for the Knight shift, the orbital shift, the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida coupling and the Bloembergen-Rowland coupling. We will compare our findings with the available experimental data Funded by the National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de Recherche Québécois Nature et Technologies, and Mitacs-Globalink.

  15. Ion Heating Anisotropy during Dynamo Activity in the MST RFP

    den Hartog, D. J.; Chapman, J. T.; Craig, D.; Fiksel, G.; Fontana, P. W.


    MHD dynamo activity is large in the MST Reversed-Field Pinch during sawtooth crashes, and small otherwise. During a sawtooth crash, ion temperature increases rapidly to a level several times as high as the temperature between sawteeth, which itself can be larger than the electron temperature. Several theories have been developed to explain this ion heating, some indicating a possible asymmetry in perpendicular to parallel heating [C. G. Gimblett, Europhys. Lett. 11, 541 (1990); Z. Yoshida, Nucl. Fusion 31, 386 (1991); N. Mattor, P. W. Terry, and S. C. Prager, Comments Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 15, 65 (1992)]. In standard MST discharges, impurity ion temperature measured perpendicular to the magnetic field (T_⊥) is higher than impurity ion temperature parallel to the magnetic field (T_allel) during a sawtooth crash. Throughout the rest of the sawtooth cycle, T_⊥ EXTRAP-T2 RFP which showed T_⊥ < T_allel throughout the discharge [K. Sasaki et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 39, 333 (1997)

  16. Potassium, rubidium and caesium in fungi

    Johanson, K.J.; Nikolova, I. [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden). Dept. of Forest Mycology and Pathology; Vinichuk, M. [Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden). Dept. of Soil Sciences


    Samples of mushrooms and soil were collected in a forest ecosystem close to Nuclear Power Plant at Forsmark, Sweden. The soil were fractionated in bulk soil, rhizosphere, soil-root interface and fungal mycelium and the concentration of K, Rb and Cs were determined. The K concentration increased from 605 mg/kg in bulk soil to 2,750 mg/kg in mycelium and 39,500 in fruitbodies of fungi. The corresponding values for Rb was 2.5 mg/kg in bulk soil and 191 mg/kg in fruitbodies of fungi. For Cs the corresponding values were 0.21 mg/kg for bulk soil and 3.9 mg/kg in fruitbodies. In fruitbodies of fungi good correlation was found between the concentration of K and Rb or of Rb and Cs, but not between K and Cs. Yoshida found similar correlation and concluded that the mechanism of Cs uptake by fungi may be different from that of K.

  17. {beta}-decay data requirements for reactor decay heat calculations: study of the possible source of the gamma-ray discrepancy in reactor heat summation calculations

    Algora, A.; Tain, J.L.; Perez-Cerdan, A.B.; Rubio, B.; Agramunt, J.; Caballero, L.; Nacher, E.; Jordan, D.; Molina, F. [Valencia Univ., IFIC (Spain); Algora, A.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Hunyadi, M.D.; Gulyas, J.; Vitez, A.; Csatlos, M.; Csige, L. [Institute of Nuclear Research, Debrecen (Hungary); Aysto, J.; Penttila, H.; Rinta-Antila, S.; Moore, I.; Eronen, T.; Jokinen, A.; Nieminen, A.; Hakala, J.; Karvonen, P.; Kankainen, A.; Hager, U.; Sonoda, T.; Saastamoinen, A.; Rissanen, J.; Kessler, T.; Weber, C.; Ronkainen, J.; Rahaman, S.; Elomaa, V. [Jyvaskyla Univ. (Finland); Burkard, K.; Huller, W. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Batist, L. [PNPI, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Gelletly, W. [Surrey Univ., Guildford (United Kingdom); Yoshida, T. [Mushashi Institute of Technology (Japan); Nichols, A.L. [IAEA Nuclear Data Section, Vienna (Austria); Sonzogni, A. [National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States); Perajarvi, K. [STUK, Helsinki (Finland)


    The decay heat of fission products plays an important role in predictions of the heat up of nuclear fuel in reactors. The released energy is calculated as the summation of the activities of all fission products P(t) equals {sigma}(E{sub i}*{lambda}{sub i}*N{sub i}(t)), where E{sub i} is the decay energy of nuclide i (gamma and beta component), {lambda}{sub i} is the decay constant of nuclide i and N{sub i}(t) is the number of nuclide i at cooling time t. Even though the reproduction of the measured decay heat has improved in recent years, there is still a long standing discrepancy in the t about 1000 s cooling time for some fuels. A possible explanation to this improper description has been found in the work of Yoshida et al., where it has been shown that the incomplete knowledge of the {beta}-decay of some T{sub c} isotopes can be the source of the systematic discrepancy. We have recently measured the {beta}-decay process of some Tc isotopes using a total absorption spectrometer at the IGISOL facility in Jyvaskyla (Finland). The results of the measurements as well as the their consequences on summation calculations are discussed. (authors)

  18. Reexamining results of Iwatoyama tumulus by means of directive antenna; Shikosei antenna wo mochiita Iwatoyama kofun no saijikken

    Okamoto, K. [Osaka Institute of Technology, Osaka (Japan); Kobayashi, Y. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan); Yoda, M. [Shiga Prefecture Board of Education, Shiga (Japan)


    Investigation was conducted into the Iwatoyama tumulus located at Oaza Yoshida, Yame City, Fukuoka Prefecture, in January 1995, when a directional antenna was used. For the verification of the reliability of the result, another investigation was conducted in the same way. As in the previous effort, a traverse line of 18.8m was provided, and a sub-traverse line of the same length was provided 1m south of the traverse line. Reflection amplitude obtained during this investigation was smaller than that in the previous investigation, which was attributed to it that the contrast in dielectric constants between the rock constituting the main body in the cave and the cavity inside is high in winter and low in summer. In the second investigation, probably because the sub-traverse line was nearer to the southern end of the stone chamber, it became possible to evaluate the area of the stone chamber in the east-west direction, which confirms the conclusion of the first investigation that `it has to be inferred that the tumulus has its stone chamber ceiling at the depth of approximately 3.7m at a spot approximately 9.5-15.0m distant from the survey base for the round foot of the Iwatoyama tumulus and that therefore there exists a cave-type stone chamber with its ceiling 2.5-3.0m high.` 3 refs., 6 figs.

  19. A smooth impact rotation motor using a multi-layered torsional piezoelectric actuator.

    Morita, T; Yoshida, R; Okamoto, Y; Kurosawa, M K; Higuchi, T


    A smooth impact rotation motor was fabricated and successfully operated using a torsional piezo actuator. Yoshida et al. reported a linear type smooth impact motor in 1997. This linear motor demonstrated a high output force and a long stroke. A superior feature of the smooth impact drive is a high positioning resolution compared with an impact drive. The positioning resolution of SIDM (smooth impact drive mechanism) is equal to the piezo displacement. The reported positioning resolution of the linear type was 5 nm. Our rotation motor utilized a torsional actuator containing multi-layered piezoelectric material. The torsional actuator was cylindrical in shape with an outer diameter of 15 mm, an inner diameter of 10 mm, and a length of 11 mm. Torsional vibration performance was measured with a laser Doppler vibrometer. The obtained torsional displacement agreed with the calculated values and was sufficient to drive a rotor. The rotor was operated with a saw-shaped input voltage (180 V; 8 kHz). The revolution direction was reversible. The maximum revolution speed was 27 rpm, and the maximum output torque was 56 gfcm. In general, smooth-impact drives do not show high efficiency; however, the level of efficiency of our results (max., 0.045%) could be increased by improving the contact surface material. In addition, we are studying quantitative consideration, for example, about the optimum pre-load or frictional force.

  20. Temperature and field dependence of the spin wave gap in NdCu2

    Kramp, S.; Pyka, N. M.; Loewenhaupt, M.; Rotter, M.


    NdCu2 shows a complex magnetic phase diagram below its Néel temperature of TN=6.5 K and for magnetic fields applied in the easy b direction. This complicated behavior is expected to be due to Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida interaction of the 4f shells of the Nd ions in the presence of crystal field splitting. In order to obtain deeper insight into the mechanism leading to such different magnetic phases we started to study the spin wave spectra in a NdCu2 single crystal. In zero field as well as in fields applied in the easy b direction of magnetization, a pronounced minimum in the excitation spectrum has been observed and it forms an energy gap. The position of this spin wave gap does not coincide with any magnetic ordering wave vector in NdCu2, indicating anisotropic magnetic coupling. The temperature and field dependence of the spin wave gap have been studied. The position of the gap remains constant at qgap=(0.35, 0, 0), whereas the character of the excitations changes with temperature and the value of the energy gap changes with the magnetic field. Applying a field of 10 T in the hard c direction of magnetization changes the position of the minimum to qgap=(0.6, 0, 0) and gives proof of magnetic anisotropy.

  1. A comparison of the fast timing behaviour of 4U 1705-44 to that of 4U 1608-52 and Cyg X-1

    Berger, M


    We studied the fast timing behaviour of the atoll source 4U 1705-44 using the entire EXOSAT dataset, four observations covering a total of 230,000 seconds of 1-20 keV spectral and timing data. In one of the observations, 4U 1705-44 was in a low intensity "island" state and had an unusually hard spectrum. The fast timing analysis of this hard island state shows a power spectrum very similar to that of black hole candidates in the "low state", with a flat-topped band-limited noise component that gradually steepens towards higher frequency. We perform for the first time a quantitative comparison of the timing behaviour of an atoll source in the hard island state (4U 1705-44) with that of a black hole candidate in the low state (Cygnus X-1). We also compare the power spectrum of 4U 1705-44 in the hard island state with those of the atoll source 4U 1608-52 in a similar state as reported by Yoshida et al. (1993). Our results confirm that there are similarities between the fast timing behaviour of the hard island st...

  2. Incompressibility criteria for spun-normal surfaces

    Dunfield, Nathan M


    We give a simple sufficient condition for a spun-normal surface in an ideal triangulation to be incompressible, namely that it is a vertex surface with non-empty boundary which has a quadrilateral in each tetrahedron. While this condition is far from being necessary, it is powerful enough to give two new results: the existence of alternating knots with non-integer boundary slopes, and a proof of the Slope Conjecture for a large class of 2-fusion knots. While the condition and conclusion are purely topological, the proof uses the Culler-Shalen theory of essential surfaces arising from ideal points of the character variety, as reinterpreted by Thurston and Yoshida. The criterion itself comes from the work of Kabaya, which we place into the language of normal surface theory. This allows the criterion to be easily applied, and gives the framework for proving that the surface is incompressible. We also explore which spun-normal surfaces arise from ideal points of the deformation variety. In particular, we give an ...

  3. [Relation between location of elements in periodic table and affinity for the malignant tumor (author's transl)].

    Ando, A; Hisada, K; Ando, I


    Affinity of many inorganic compounds for the malignant tumor was examined, using the rats which were subcutaneously transplanted with Yoshida sarcoma. And the relations between the uptake rate into the malignant tumor and in vitro binding power to the protein were investigated in these compounds. In these experiments, the bipositive ions and anions had not affinity for the tumor tissue with a few exceptions. On the other hand, Hg, Au and Bi, which have strong binding power to the protein, showed high uptake rate into the malignant tumor. As Hg++, Au+ and Bi+++ are soft acids according to classification of Lewis acids, it was thought that these elements would bind strongly to soft base (R-SH, R-S-) present in the tumor tissue. In many hard acids (according to classification of Lewis acids), the uptake rate into the tumor was shown as a function of ionic potentials (valency/ionic radii) of the metal ions. It is presumed that the chemical bond of these hard acids in the tumor tissue is ionic bond to hard base (R-COO-, R-PO3(2-), R-SO3-, R-NH2).

  4. Comparative study on quasi-dynamic earthquake cycle models for the 2011 giant Tohoku earthquake

    Ohtani, M.; Hirahara, K.; Hori, T.; Hyodo, M.


    Off the Tohoku region, northeast Japan, a giant earthquake of Mw 9.0 occurred on March 11, 2011. The rupture extended to about 500km x 200km area, containing Miyagi-Oki, Fukushima-Oki and Ibaraki-Oki regions. The coseismic slip is larger than that of ordinary large earthquakes. For the generation mechanism of this unordinary earthquake, three conceptual models; hierarchical asperity (HA) model [Hori & Miyazaki, 2010], shallow strong patch (SSP) model [Kato & Yoshida, 2011], and thermal pressurization (TP) model [Mitsui & Iio, 2011], are proposed. Here, we consider mainly HA and SSP models. For the simulation, we use a 3D plate surface geometry and assume the frictional stress obeys the rate and state composite friction law (Kato & Tullis, 2001). For computational efficiency, we use H-matrices approximation (Ohtani et al., 2011). We considered Mw 7, 8 and 9 class earthquakes at each models to reproduce the following observations to some extent. Our purpose in this study is not to reproduce the observations in details but to reveal the characteristics of each model towards the detailed modeling. First, tsunami deposit surveys suggest that this Mw 9 earthquake has a recurrence time of 400-800 years. In Miyagi-Oki, the maximum coseismic slip amounting to 60m occurred in the shallow region close to the Japan Trench. In the deeper region, Mw 7 earthquakes recur at intervals of 30-40 years and Mw 8 event occurred in 1979. In Fukushima-Oki, Mw 7 events occurred only in 1938. In Ibaraki-Oki, Mw 7 events recur at intervals of about 28 years. From the GPS data, around the year of 2000, the plate coupling in Fukushima-Oki seems to have changed from strong to week. In HA model, we set a large Mw 9 size asperity with large L and negative a-b values, which encloses Mw 7 and 8 asperities with more frequent ruptures inside itself. Kato &Yoshida (2011) constructed the SSP model in a 2D quasi-dynamic cycle simulation. They assume the high effective normal stress σneff and a large L

  5. Difference between even and odd cycles in the predictability of the amplitude of the around 11-year-period solar activity and prediction of the amplitude of cycle 25

    Yoshida, A.; Sayre, R. J.


    The waxing and waning of the solar activity represented by a period of roughly 11 years is usually quantified by the change in the sunspot number (SSN). It is commonly held that these increases and decreases in the SSN as well as the changes in the general dipole-like magnetic field in the photosphere and corona are produced by a magneto-hydro dynamic process in the sun's underlying convection layer. Assuming this is the case, it follows that SSNs in past cycles should contain a certain kind of information that enables us to estimate the amplitudes of future cycles. We report here a set of new results along this line of research. The chief aim of this paper is to demonstrate a distinct difference in the predictability of solar activity between even and odd cycles. Yoshida and Yamagishi (2010) showed that the SSN at the point three years before a minimum is well correlated with the maximum SSN in the following cycle. Here, we show that the correlation between this locus and the average SSN supplies a higher correlation coefficient. Moreover, we demonstrate that the correlation coefficient for even cycles is far better than that for odd ones (i.e., 0.96 and 0.74, respectively). Though it has been known that the correlation between the SSN at a point three years after a minimum and the maximum SSN is high, we demonstrate here that taking this calculation along with the average SSN (instead of the maximum SSN), the correlation coefficient for even cycles (0.98) reveals itself to be noticeably larger than that for odd cycles (0.93). Furthermore, we have found that the average SSN of even cycles is highly correlated with that of succeeding odd cycles (i.e., the correlation coefficient - minus three outliers - is 0.99). Conversely, no correlation is observed between amplitudes of odd cycles and those of succeeding even cycles. These distinct differences between even-odd pairs and odd-even pairs in their connective features lead us to believe that pairs of even-odd cycles

  6. Low-Metallicity Star Formation: From the First Stars to Dwarf Galaxies

    Hunt, Leslie K.; Madden, Suzanne C.; Schneider, Raffaella


    Preface; SOC and LOC; Participants; Life at the conference; Conference photo; Session I. Population III and Metal-Free Star Formation: 1. Open questions in the study of population III star formation S. C. O. Glover, P. C. Clark, T. H. Greif, J. L. Johnson, V. Bromm, R. S. Klessen and A. Stacy; 2. Protostar formation in the early universe Naoki Yoshida; 3. Population III.1 stars: formation, feedback and evolution of the IMF Jonathan C. Tan; 4. The formation of the first galaxies and the transition to low-mass star formation T. H. Greif, D. R. G. Schleicher, J. L. Johnson, A.-K. Jappsen, R. S. Klessen, P. C. Clark, S. C. O. Glover, A. Stacy and V. Bromm; 5. Low-metallicity star formation: the characteristic mass and upper mass limit Kazuyuki Omukai; 6. Dark stars: dark matter in the first stars leads to a new phase of stellar evolution Katherine Freese, Douglas Spolyar, Anthony Aguirre, Peter Bodenheimer, Paolo Gondolo, J. A. Sellwood and Naoki Yoshida; 7. Effects of dark matter annihilation on the first stars F. Iocco, A. Bressan, E. Ripamonti, R. Schneider, A. Ferrara and P. Marigo; 8. Searching for Pop III stars and galaxies at high redshift Daniel Schaerer; 9. The search for population III stars Sperello di Serego Alighieri, Jaron Kurk, Benedetta Ciardi, Andrea Cimatti, Emanuele Daddi and Andrea Ferrara; 10. Observational search for population III stars in high-redshift galaxies Tohru Nagao; Session II. Metal Enrichment, Chemical Evolution, and Feedback: 11. Cosmic metal enrichment Andrea Ferrara; 12. Insights into the origin of the galaxy mass-metallicity relation Henry Lee, Eric F. Bell and Rachel S. Somerville; 13. LSD and AMAZE: the mass-metallicity relation at z > 3 F. Mannucci and R. Maiolino; 14. Three modes of metal-enriched star formation at high redshift Britton D. Smith, Matthew J. Turk, Steinn Sigurdsson, Brian W. O'Shea and Michael L. Norman; 15. Primordial supernovae and the assembly of the first galaxies Daniel Whalen, Bob Van Veelen, Brian W. O

  7. Low-metallicity Star Formation (IAU S255)

    Hunt, Leslie K.; Madden, Suzanne C.; Schneider, Raffaella


    Preface; SOC and LOC; Participants; Life at the conference; Conference photo; Session I. Population III and Metal-Free Star Formation: 1. Open questions in the study of population III star formation S. C. O. Glover, P. C. Clark, T. H. Greif, J. L. Johnson, V. Bromm, R. S. Klessen and A. Stacy; 2. Protostar formation in the early universe Naoki Yoshida; 3. Population III.1 stars: formation, feedback and evolution of the IMF Jonathan C. Tan; 4. The formation of the first galaxies and the transition to low-mass star formation T. H. Greif, D. R. G. Schleicher, J. L. Johnson, A.-K. Jappsen, R. S. Klessen, P. C. Clark, S. C. O. Glover, A. Stacy and V. Bromm; 5. Low-metallicity star formation: the characteristic mass and upper mass limit Kazuyuki Omukai; 6. Dark stars: dark matter in the first stars leads to a new phase of stellar evolution Katherine Freese, Douglas Spolyar, Anthony Aguirre, Peter Bodenheimer, Paolo Gondolo, J. A. Sellwood and Naoki Yoshida; 7. Effects of dark matter annihilation on the first stars F. Iocco, A. Bressan, E. Ripamonti, R. Schneider, A. Ferrara and P. Marigo; 8. Searching for Pop III stars and galaxies at high redshift Daniel Schaerer; 9. The search for population III stars Sperello di Serego Alighieri, Jaron Kurk, Benedetta Ciardi, Andrea Cimatti, Emanuele Daddi and Andrea Ferrara; 10. Observational search for population III stars in high-redshift galaxies Tohru Nagao; Session II. Metal Enrichment, Chemical Evolution, and Feedback: 11. Cosmic metal enrichment Andrea Ferrara; 12. Insights into the origin of the galaxy mass-metallicity relation Henry Lee, Eric F. Bell and Rachel S. Somerville; 13. LSD and AMAZE: the mass-metallicity relation at z > 3 F. Mannucci and R. Maiolino; 14. Three modes of metal-enriched star formation at high redshift Britton D. Smith, Matthew J. Turk, Steinn Sigurdsson, Brian W. O'Shea and Michael L. Norman; 15. Primordial supernovae and the assembly of the first galaxies Daniel Whalen, Bob Van Veelen, Brian W. O

  8. Diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma invading subarachnoid space

    Kase S


    Full Text Available Satoru Kase1, Kazuhiko Yoshida1, Shigenobu Suzuki2, Koh-ichi Ohshima3, Shigeaki Ohno4, Susumu Ishida11Department of Ophthalmology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo; 2Department of Ophthalmic Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo; 3Section of Ophthalmology, Okayama Medical Center, Okayama; 4Department of Ocular Inflammation and Immunology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, JapanAbstract: We report herein an unusual case of diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma involving the brain, which caused a patient’s death 27 months after enucleation. An eight-year-old boy complained of blurred vision in his right eye (OD in October 2006. Funduscopic examination showed optic disc swelling, dense whitish vitreous opacity, and an orange-colored subretinal elevated lesion adjacent to the optic disc. Fluorescein angiography revealed hyperfluorescence in the peripapillary region at an early-phase OD. Because the size of the subretinal lesion and vitreous opacity gradually increased, he was referred to us. His visual acuity was 20/1000 OD on June 20, 2007. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy showed a dense anterior vitreous opacity. Ophthalmoscopically, the subretinal orange-colored area spread out until reaching the mid peripheral region. A B-mode sonogram and computed tomography showed a thick homogeneous lesion without calcification. Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed a markedly enhanced appearance of the underlying posterior retina. Enucleation of the right eye was performed nine months after the initial presentation. Histopathology demonstrated retinal detachment and a huge choroidal mass invading the optic nerve head. The tumor was consistent with diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma. The patient died due to brain involvement 27 months after enucleation. Ophthalmologists should be aware that diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma may show an unfavorable course if its diagnosis is delayed

  9. A Dynamical Origin Of The Leading/trailing Asymmetry In Jupiter's Trojan Swarms?

    O'Brien, David P.


    The cataloged population of Jupiter Trojans has long shown a puzzling asymmetry between the leading (L4) and trailing (L5) swarms down to the smallest observable sizes. Estimates from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) place the leading/trailing ratio at 1.6 ± 0.1 [1], survey observations with the Subaru telescope give a leading/trailing ratio of around 1.8 [2], and most recently, estimates from the WISE mission give a leading/trailing ratio of 1.4 ± 0.2 [3]. Current models for Trojan capture [eg. 4] predict that the two swarms should begin with roughly equal numbers of bodies, and there is no inherent difference in stability between the leading and trailing swarms in the three-body problem. However, several researchers have proposed that when Saturn is included in the dynamics, the trailing swarm might be less stable than the leading swarm [5-8], and this difference may be able to explain the asymmetry. Here we test that hypothesis with long-term orbital integrations using a wider range of initial conditions than explored by those authors. References: [1] Szabo, G. M. et al., MNRAS 377, 1393-1406 (2007). [2] Nakamura, T. and Yoshida, F., PASJ 60, 293-296 (2008). [3] Grav, T. et al., ApJ 742, 40-49 (2011). [4] Morbidelli, A. et al., Nature 435, 462-465 (2005). [5] Pal, A. and Suli, A., Publications of the Astronomy Department of the Eotvos University (PADEU) 14, 285-292 (2004). [6] Schwarz, R. et al., CMDA 90, 139-148 (2004). [7] Dvorak, R. and Schwarz, R., CMDA 92, 19-28 (2005). [8] Freistetter, F., A&A 453, 353-361 (2006).

  10. Cratering saturation and equilibrium: A new model looks at an old problem

    Richardson, James E.


    Recent advances in computing technology and our understanding of the processes involved in crater production, ejecta production, and crater erasure have permitted me to develop a highly-detailed Cratered Terrain Evolution Model (CTEM), which can be used to investigate a variety of questions in the study of impact dominated landscapes. In this work, I focus on the manner in which crater densities on impacted surfaces attain equilibrium conditions (commonly called crater 'saturation') for a variety of impactor population size-frequency distributions: from simple, straight-line power-laws, to complex, multi-sloped distributions. This modeling shows that crater density equilibrium generally occurs near observed relative-density ( R) values of 0.1-0.3 (commonly called 'empirical saturation'), but that when the impactor population has a variable power-law slope, crater density equilibrium values will also be variable, and will continue to reflect, or follow the shape of the production population long after the surface has been 'saturated.' In particular, I demonstrate that the overall level of crater density curves for heavily-cratered regions of the lunar surface are indicative of crater density equilibrium having been reached, while the shape of these curves strongly point to a Main Asteroid Belt (MAB) source for impactors in the near-Earth environment, as originally stipulated in Strom et al. [Strom, R.G., Malhotra, R., Ito, T., Yoshida, F., Kring, D.A., 2005. Science 309 (September), 1847-1850]. This modeling also validates the conclusion by Bottke et al. [Bottke, W.F., Durda, D.D., Nesvorný, D., Jedicke, R., Morbidelli, A., Vokrouhlický, D., Levison, H., 2005. Icarus 175 (May), 111-140] that the modern-day MAB continues to reflect its ancient size-frequency distribution, even though severely depleted in mass since that time.

  11. Training in peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM for esophageal achalasia

    Eleftheriadis N


    Full Text Available Nicholas Eleftheriadis, Haruhiro Inoue, Haruo Ikeda, Manabu Onimaru, Akira Yoshida, Toshihisa Hosoya, Roberta Maselli, Shin-ei KudoDigestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, JapanAbstract: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM has been developed in the context of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES as a minimally invasive endoscopic treatment for symptomatic esophageal achalasia, which is a chronic progressive benign disease with severe morbidity and difficult management. Since September 2008, POEM has been successfully performed in more than 200 consecutive patients with symptomatic achalasia at the Digestive Disease Center of Showa University, Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, Japan, with excellent short- and long-term results and absence of serious complications. International experience of POEM within clinical studies is also promising. According to these results, POEM is considered as a safe procedure that can be applied to all achalasia patients. However, the low incidence of achalasia (0.3%–1% per 100,000 population, in combination with the potential serious complications related to the technically demanding POEM procedure, has made training difficult. There is therefore an urgent need for an animal model for training to decrease the learning curve. Further, there are other ethical and training issues to address. The pig is the most appropriate animal model for training in POEM due to its anatomy being similar to that of humans. The porcine esophagus has the advantage of easy mobilization due to absence of tight junctions to surrounding organs. A non-survival porcine model would be a simple, inexpensive, and reproducible animal model for training in POEM, without the need for concern about complications. A possible training process might first involve observation of POEM performed by specialists, then training on non-survival and survival porcine models, followed by training in

  12. Evaluation of peripheral fundus autofluorescence in eyes with wet age-related macular degeneration

    Suetsugu T


    Full Text Available Tetsuyuki Suetsugu,1,2 Aki Kato,1 Munenori Yoshida,1 Tsutomu Yasukawa,1 Akiko Nishiwaki,1,3 Norio Hasegawa,1 Hideaki Usui,1 Yuichiro Ogura1 1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 2Department of Ophthalmology, General Kamiiida Daiichi Hospital, 3Nishiwaki Eye Clinic, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of abnormal peripheral fundus autofluorescence (FAF in wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD using wide-field imaging instrument. Patients and methods: A retrospective, case-controlled study involving 66 eyes of 46 Japanese wet AMD patients and 32 eyes of 20 control patients was performed. Wide-field FAF images were obtained for typical AMD (37 eyes/28 patients, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV (22 eyes/20 patients, and retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP (seven eyes/four patients. Two masked ophthalmologists independently graded the images for mottled, granular, and nummular patterns. Main outcome measures were abnormal peripheral FAF frequencies and relative risks by disease subgroups and treatments. Results: Abnormal peripheral FAF patterns were found in 51.5% of wet AMD eyes compared with 18.8% of control eyes (P<0.001. Mottled, granular, and nummular patterns were found in 45.5%, 31.8%, and 16.7%, respectively, of wet AMD eyes. Each disease subgroup (typical AMD, 54.1%; PCV, 36.4%; and RAP, 85.7% showed significantly higher frequencies of peripheral FAF (P<0.001, P=0.03, and P<0.001, respectively than control eyes (18.8%. There were no significant differences (P=0.76 between the frequencies in untreated and treated eyes. Conclusion: Eyes of Japanese wet AMD patients had a higher abnormal FAF prevalence compared with control eyes. Among the three disease subtypes, abnormal patterns were least prevalent in PCV eyes. Keywords: age-related macular degeneration, fundus autofluorescence, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, retinal

  13. First-principles study and electronic structures of Mn-doped ultrathin ZnO nanofilms

    E. Salmani; A. Benyoussef; H. Ez-Zahraouy; E. H. Saidi; O. Mounkachi


    The first-principles density functional calculation is used to investigate the electronic structures and magnetic properties of Mn-doped and N-co-doped ZnO nanofilms.The band structure calculation shows that the band gaps of ZnO films with 2,4,and 6 layers are larger than the band gap of the bulk with wurtzite structure and decrease with the increase of film thickness.However,the four-layer ZnO nanofilms exhibit ferromagnetic phases for Mn concentrations less than 24% and 12% for Mn-doping performed in the whole layers and two layers of the film respectively,while they exhibit spin glass phases for higher Mn concentrations.It is also found,on the one hand,that the spin glass phase turns into the ferromagnetic one,with the substitution of nitrogen atoms for oxygen atoms,for nitrogen concentrations higher than 16% and 5% for Mn-doping performed in the whole layers and two layers of the film respectively.On the other hand,the spin-glass state is more stable for ZnO bulk containing 5% of Mn impurities,while the ferromagnetic phase is stable by introducing the p-type carriers into the bulk system.Moreover,it is shown that using the effective field theory for ferromagnetic system,the Curie temperature is close to the room temperature for the undamped Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida (RKKY) interaction.

  14. Influence of serotonergic/noradrenergic gene polymorphisms on nausea and sweating induced by milnacipran in the treatment of depression

    Hisashi Higuchi, Hitoshi Takahashi


    Full Text Available Hisashi Higuchi1, Hitoshi Takahashi2, Mitsuhiro Kamata3, Keizo Yoshida41Department of Psychiatry, St. Marianna University, School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan; 2Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 3Department of Psychiatry, Yuri-Kumiai General Hospital, Yuri-Honjo, Akita, Japan; 4Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Aichi, JapanAbstract: The present study was conducted to find out the predictors of side effects such as nausea and excessive sweating induced by milnacipran, a serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. Both clinical characteristics prior to the treatment and gene polymorphisms such as serotonin transporter (5-HTT gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR, a variable number of tandem repeats in the second intron of the 5-HTT gene (5-HTTVNTR, 5-HT2A receptor gene (5-HT2A G-1438A, a TPH gene polymorphism in intron 7 (TPH A218C, norepinephrine transporter (NET gene polymorphism in the promoter region (NET T-182C and in the exon 9 (NET G1287A, a variable number of tandem repeats in the promoter region of monoamine oxidase A, were items to be assessed in this study. Ninety-six patients with major depressive disorder were treated with milnacipran. Side effects were assessed at 1, 2, 4, and 6 weeks of treatment with Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser side effects scale. The results showed that no gene polymorphisms included in this study affected the susceptibility of nausea and excessive sweating induced by milnacipran. Patients with older age are more likely to develop excessive sweating than others. The major limitation of this study is a small sample size. Further studies with larger populations and more kinds of gene polymorphisms should be needed to see if specific gene polymorphisms determine the susceptibility of side effects induced by milnacipran. Keywords: milnacipran, nausea, excessive sweating, gene polymorphisms

  15. Doping effects on the magnetic properties of NdRhIn{sub 5} intermetallic antiferromagnet

    Lora-Serrano, R., E-mail: rlora@ifi.unicamp.b [Instituto de Fisica ' Gleb Wataghin' , UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas-Sao Paulo (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Uberlandia, 38400-902 Uberlandia-MG (Brazil); Garcia, D.J. [Instituto de Fisica ' Gleb Wataghin' , UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas-Sao Paulo (Brazil); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas (CONICET) and Centro Atomico Bariloche, S.C. de Bariloche, Rio Negro (Argentina); Miranda, E.; Adriano, C.; Bufaical, L.; Duque, J.G.S.; Pagliuso, P.G. [Instituto de Fisica ' Gleb Wataghin' , UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas-Sao Paulo (Brazil)


    We report temperature dependent heat capacity and magnetization measurements on single crystals of Nd{sub 1-x}La{sub x}RhIn{sub 5} (x=0.15, 0.4 and 0.5) and NdRhIn{sub 5-x}Sn{sub x} (x=0.08, 0.12 and 0.24). NdRhIn{sub 5} is an antiferromagnetic (AFM) compound with T{sub N}approx 11 K which crystallizes in the same layered tetragonal structure of the CeMIn{sub 5} family (M=Rh, Co and Ir), where different ground states can be found by tuning the interplay among different microscopic interactions such as the Kondo effect, crystal field (CEF) effects and the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yoshida (RKKY) magnetic interaction. Here, we explore the evolution of the AFM correlations in this Nd-based (non-Kondo) compound while perturbing the RKKY exchange by using two different substitutions: (i) replacing Nd{sup 3+} by non-magnetic La{sup 3+} within NdIn{sub 3} atomic planes (dilution) and (ii) substituting In by Sn in the In-sites (electronic tuning). For both types of doping, our results show the suppression of the AFM state as the La- or Sn-content is increased. This doping induced suppression of the AFM order is discussed considering the effects of dilution and effects in the tetragonal CEF using a mean-field model applied to the observed data. Our results are compared to the properties of other members of the RRhIn{sub 5} family considering the role of dimensionality in the magnetic interactions.

  16. Accelerated killing of cancer cells using a multifunctional single-walled carbon nanotube-based system for targeted drug delivery in combination with photothermal therapy

    Jeyamohan P


    Full Text Available Prashanti Jeyamohan, Takashi Hasumura, Yutaka Nagaoka, Yasuhiko Yoshida, Toru Maekawa, D Sakthi Kumar Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Graduate School of Interdisciplinary New Science, Toyo University, Kawagoe, Japan Abstract: The photothermal effect of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs in combination with the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX for targeting and accelerated destruction of breast cancer cells is demonstrated in this paper. A targeted drug-delivery system was developed for selective killing of breast cancer cells with polyethylene glycol biofunctionalized and DOX-loaded SWCNTs conjugated with folic acid. In our work, in vitro drug-release studies showed that the drug (DOX binds at physiological pH (pH 7.4 and is released only at a lower pH, ie, lysosomal pH (pH 4.0, which is the characteristic pH of the tumor environment. A sustained release of DOX from the SWCNTs was observed for a period of 3 days. SWCNTs have strong optical absorbance in the near-infrared (NIR region. In this special spectral window, biological systems are highly transparent. Our study reports that under laser irradiation at 800 nm, SWCNTs exhibited strong light–heat transfer characteristics. These optical properties of SWCNTs open the way for selective photothermal ablation in cancer therapy. It was also observed that internalization and uptake of folate-conjugated NTs into cancer cells was achieved by a receptor-mediated endocytosis mechanism. Results of the in vitro experiments show that laser was effective in destroying the cancer cells, while sparing the normal cells. When the above laser effect was combined with DOX-conjugated SWCNTs, we found enhanced and accelerated killing of breast cancer cells. Thus, this nanodrug-delivery system, consisting of laser, drug, and SWCNTs, looks to be a promising selective modality with high treatment efficacy and low side effects for cancer therapy. Keywords: cancer, nanotherapy, SWCNTs, targeted drug delivery

  17. Activation of the ATP-ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in skeletal muscle of cachectic rats bearing a hepatoma

    Baracos, V. E.; DeVivo, C.; Hoyle, D. H.; Goldberg, A. L.


    Rats implanted with Yoshida ascites hepatoma (YAH) show a rapid and selective loss of muscle protein due mainly to a marked increase (63-95%) in the rate of protein degradation (compared with rates in muscles of pair-fed controls). To define which proteolytic pathways contribute to this increase, epitrochlearis muscles from YAH-bearing and control rats were incubated under conditions that modify different proteolytic systems. Overall proteolysis in either group of rats was not affected by removal of Ca2+ or by blocking the Ca(2+)-dependent proteolytic system. Inhibition of lysosomal function with methylamine reduced proteolysis (-12%) in muscles from YAH-bearing rats, but not in muscles of pair-fed rats. When ATP production was also inhibited, the remaining accelerated proteolysis in muscles of tumor-bearing rats fell to control levels. Muscles of YAH-bearing rats showed increased levels of ubiquitin-conjugated proteins and a 27-kDa proteasome subunit in Western blot analysis. Levels of mRNA encoding components of proteolytic systems were quantitated using Northern hybridization analysis. Although their total RNA content decreased 20-38%, pale muscles of YAH-bearing rats showed increased levels of ubiquitin mRNA (590-880%) and mRNA for multiple subunits of the proteasome (100-215%). Liver, kidney, heart, and brain showed no weight loss and no change in these mRNA species. Muscles of YAH-bearing rats also showed small increases (30-40%) in mRNA for cathepsins B and D, but not for calpain I or heat shock protein 70. Our findings suggest that accelerated muscle proteolysis and muscle wasting in tumor-bearing rats result primarily from activation of the ATP-dependent pathway involving ubiquitin and the proteasome.

  18. A Study on Multi-defect Constrained Bendability of Thin-walled Tube NC Bending Under Different Clearance

    LI Heng; YANG He


    Thin-walled tube numerical control (NC) bending is a tri-nonlinear physical process with multi-defect and multi-die constraints. The clearance on each contact interface is the major factor to indicate the contact conditions. A three-dimensional-finite element (3D-FE) model is established to consider the realistic dynamic boundary conditions of multiple dies under ABAQUS/Explicit platform. Combined with experiment, numerical study on bending behavior and bendability under different clearance between tube and various dies is conducted in terms of wrinkling, wall thinning and cross section deformation. The results show that (1)with smaller clearance of tube-wiper die and tube-mandrel, the wrinkling can be restrained while the wall thinning It and cross-section deformation Id increase; while excessive small clearance blocks tube materials to flow past tangent point and causes piles up, the onset of wrinkling enhances It and Id. (2)Both It and Id decrease with smaller clearance of tube-pressure die; the wrinkling possibility rises with larger clearance on this interface if the mandrel's freedom along Y-axis is opened; smaller clearance of tube-bend die prevents wrinkling while increases It, and the clearance on this interface has little effect on Id. (3)A modified Yoshida buckling test (YBT) is used to address the wrinkling mechanisms under normal constraints in tube bending: the smaller clearance may restrain wrinkling efficiently; the smaller wall thickness, the less critical clearance needed; the critical clearance for tube bending 38 mm× 1 mm×57 mm (tube outer diameter×wall thickness×centerline bending radius) equals about 20% of initial wall thickness.

  19. En-face optical coherence tomography angiography of neovascularization elsewhere in hemicentral retinal vein occlusion

    Sogawa K


    Full Text Available Kenji Sogawa, Taiji Nagaoka, Akihiro Ishibazawa, Atsushi Takahashi, Tomofumi Tani, Akitoshi Yoshida Department of Ophthalmology, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan Purpose: To evaluate how the growth of neovascularization elsewhere (NVE was delineated in an eye with hemicentral retinal vein occlusion (CRVO using optical coherence tomography (OCT angiography. Patients and methods: We examined a 64-year-old man diagnosed with hemi-CRVO. The area around the occluded vein was scanned using a spectral-domain OCT device (RTVue XR Avanti. Blood flow was detected using the split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography (SSADA algorithm. Color fundus photography, fluorescein angiography (FA, and OCT angiography examinations were performed at the first visit and at 3 and 6 months postpresentation. Results: At the first visit, FA revealed delayed retinal venous filling and extensive areas of capillary nonperfusion. The patient underwent a trial of intravitreal ranibizumab injection (0.5 mg/0.05 mL for the treatment of macular edema. At 3 months postpresentation, there was no NVE around the occluded vein in the en-face SSADA image, but at 6 months, NVE appeared on the occluded veins. The en-face SSADA image showed the NVE structure in the fibrovascular membrane on the occluded vein more clearly than FA images. Conclusion: OCT angiography clearly visualized the sprouting of NVE in an eye with hemi-CRVO. New findings of the vascular structure of NVE in hemi-CRVO were revealed using the en-face SSADA algorithm. Keywords: OCT angiography, hemi-CRVO, NVE

  20. Molecular and microscopic analysis of the gut contents of abundant rove beetle species (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae in the boreal balsam fir forest of Quebec, Canada

    Jan Klimaszewski


    Full Text Available Experimental research on beetle responses to removal of logging residues following clearcut harvesting in the boreal balsam fir forest of Quebec revealed several abundant rove beetle (Staphylinidae species potentially important for long-term monitoring. To understand the trophic affiliations of these species in forest ecosystems, it was necessary to analyze their gut contents. We used microscopic and molecular (DNA methods to identify the gut contents of the following rove beetles: Atheta capsularis Klimaszew­ski, Atheta klagesi Bernhauer, Oxypoda grandipennis (Casey, Bryophacis smetanai Campbell, Ischnosoma longicorne (Mäklin, Mycetoporus montanus Luze, Tachinus frigidus Erichson, Tachinus fumipennis (Say, Tachinus quebecensis Robert, and Pseudopsis subulata Herman. We found no apparent arthropod fragments within the guts; however, a number of fungi were identified by DNA sequences, including filamentous fungi and budding yeasts [Ascomycota: Candida derodonti Suh & Blackwell (accession number FJ623605, Candida mesenterica (Geiger Diddens & Lodder (accession number FM178362, Candida railenensis Ramirez and Gonzáles (accession number JX455763, Candida sophie-reginae Ramirez & González (accession number HQ652073, Candida sp. (accession number AY498864, Pichia delftensis Beech (accession number AY923246, Pichia membranifaciens Hansen (accession number JQ26345, Pichia misumaiensis Y. Sasaki and Tak. Yoshida ex Kurtzman 2000 (accession number U73581, Pichia sp. (accession number AM261630, Cladosporium sp. (accession number KF367501, Acremonium psammosporum W. Gams (accession number GU566287, Alternaria sp. (accession number GU584946, Aspergillus versicolor Bubak (accession number AJ937750, and Aspergillus amstelodami (L. Mangin Thom and Church (accession number HQ728257]. In addition, two species of bacteria [Bradyrhizobium japonicum (KirchnerJordan (accession number BA000040 and Serratia marcescens Bizio accession number CP003942] were found in

  1. High-flow bypass and wrap-clipping for ruptured blood blister-like aneurysm of the internal carotid artery using intraoperative monitoring of cerebral hemodynamics

    Kubo Y


    Full Text Available Yoshitaka Kubo, Takahiro Koji, Kenji Yoshida, Hideo Saito, Akira Ogawa, Kuniaki Ogasawara Department of Neurosurgery, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan Abstract: Aneurysms at non-branching sites in the supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA can be classified as “blood blister-like aneurysms” (BBAs, which have blood blister-like configurations and fragile walls. While surgical treatment for the BBA in the acute stage is recommended, the optimal surgical procedure remains controversial. In the study reported here, we describe the case of a 37-year-old woman with a ruptured BBA in the ophthalmic segment of the right ICA who underwent wrap-clipping with external carotid artery–internal carotid artery bypass by intraoperative estimation of the measurement of cortical cerebral blood flow (CoBF using a thermal diffusion flow probe. Trapping of the ICA in the acute stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage may result in ischemic complications secondary to hemodynamic hypoperfusion or occlusion of the perforating artery, and/or delayed vasospasm, even with concomitant bypass surgery. We believe that it is important to perform scheduled external carotid artery–internal carotid artery bypass before trapping of the ICA in patients with a ruptured BBA in the acute stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage and to perform wrap-clipping rather than trapping. This would provide much more CoBF if a reduction of CoBF occurs after trapping occlusion of the ICA including a ruptured BBA according to intraoperative CoBF monitoring. As far as we are aware, the case reported here is the first report on high-flow bypass and wrap-clipping for a ruptured BBA of the ICA using intraoperative monitoring of cerebral hemodynamics. Keywords: surgery, cortical blood flow, external carotid artery–internal carotid artery bypass, subarachnoid hemorrhage

  2. The Water Production Rate of Comet 2009 P1 (Garradd) throughout the 2011-2012 Apparition

    Combi, Michael R.; Mäkinen, J. T. T.; Bertaux, J.; Quémerais, E.; Ferron, S.


    The all-sky hydrogen Lyman-alpha camera, SWAN (Solar Wind Anisotropies), on the SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) satellite made observations of the hydrogen coma of comet 2009 P1 (Garradd) throughout its apparition from August 15, 2011 through April 6, 2012. SOHO has been operating in a halo orbit around the Earth-Sun L1 Lagrange point since its launch in late 1995. Most water vapor produced by the comet is ultimately photodissociated into two H atoms and one O atom producing a huge atomic hydrogen coma that is routinely observed in the daily full-sky SWAN images in comets of sufficient brightness. Water production rates were calculated from 117 images over 8 months of the apparition using our time-resolved model (Mäkinen & Combi, 2005, Icarus 177, 217), yielding about 1 observation every 2 days on the average. The activity during much of the pre-perihelion leg was dominated by likely seasonal variability rather than a consistent increasing trend with decreasing heliocentric distance and varied between 1 and 3 x 1029 s-1. A single peak value for the water production rate (4 x 1029 s-1) was found on November 3, 2011, 50 days before perihelion. On the other hand during the post-perihelion leg the production rate decreased rather consistently from 2 x 1029 s-1at perihelion, approximately as r-4.6, where r is the heliocentric distance. The overall shape of the variation with time over the apparition shows many of the same general features as the visual light curve of Yoshida ( SOHO is an international cooperative mission between ESA and NASA. Support from grant NNX11AH50G from the NASA Planetary Astronomy Program is also acknowledged.

  3. Assessment of noninvasive, percutaneous hemoglobin measurement in pregnant and early postpartum women

    Yoshida A


    Full Text Available Atsushi Yoshida,1 Keiko Saito,2 Kenji Ishii,2 Isao Azuma,2 Hidenori Sasa,1 Kenichi Furuya11Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Japan; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nishisaitama-Chuo National Hospital, Tokorozawa, JapanPurpose: Using the Pronto-7® analyzer, we measured percutaneous hemoglobin (SpHb noninvasively in pregnant and early postpartum women, and assessed the accuracy of the measurements by comparing them with laboratory measurements of hemoglobin.Methods: We obtained SpHb measurements from 193 pregnant women, 269 early postpartum women, and 76 nonpregnant women. A laboratory total hemoglobin (tHb measurement, from venous blood sampling, was obtained immediately prior to the SpHb measurement. The total number of measurements obtained from the nonpregnant, pregnant, and postpartum women was 76, 438, and 347, respectively.Results: The mean biases (SpHb - tHb among the nonpregnant, first trimester, second trimester, third trimester, and early postpartum women were -0.20, 0.19, 1.01, 1.32, and 1.10 g/dL, respectively. The Bland-Altman comparison showed neither the tendency of a fixed bias nor proportional biases among the measurements in the category of nonpregnant and first trimester women. But in the second and third trimester and postpartum category, a significant fixed bias was noted, without any tendencies of proportional bias.Conclusion: In this study, we found higher hemoglobin values with the Pronto-7 analyzer than were measured in the laboratory. We consider that the device has certain limitations in obstetrical utility and requires further modifications for use in the perinatal period.Keywords: anemia, pregnancy, hemoglobin, noninvasive

  4. A hydroponic rice seedling culture model system for investigating proteome of salt stress in rice leaf.

    Kim, Dea-Wook; Rakwal, Randeep; Agrawal, Ganesh Kumar; Jung, Young-Ho; Shibato, Junko; Jwa, Nam-Soo; Iwahashi, Yumiko; Iwahashi, Hitoshi; Kim, Du Hyun; Shim, Ie-Sung; Usui, Kenji


    By using an in vivo hydroponic rice seedling culture system, we investigated the physiological and biochemical responses of a model rice japonica cultivar Nipponbare to salt stress using proteomics and classical biochemical methods. Yoshida's nutrient solution (YS) was used to grow rice seedlings. YS-grown 18-day-old seedlings manifested highly stable and reproducible symptoms, prominently the wilting and browning of the 3rd leaf, reduced photosynthetic activity, inhibition in overall seedling growth, and failure to develop new (5th) leaf, when subjected to salt stress by transferring them to YS containing 130 mM NaCl for 4 days. As leaf response to salt stress is least investigated in rice by proteomics, we used the 3rd leaf as source material. A comparison of 2-DE protein profiles between the untreated control and salt-stressed 3rd leaves revealed 55 differentially expressed CBB-stained spots, where 47 spots were increased over the control. Of these changed spots, the identity of 33 protein spots (27 increased and 5 decreased) was determined by nESI-LC-MS/MS. Most of these identified proteins belonged to major metabolic processes like photosynthetic carbon dioxide assimilation and photorespiration, suggesting a good correlation between salt stress-responsive proteins and leaf morphology. Moreover, 2-DE immunoblot and enzymatic activity analyses of 3rd leaves revealed remarkable changes in the key marker enzymes associated with oxidative damage to salt stress: ascorbate peroxidase and lipid peroxidation were induced, and catalase was suppressed. These results demonstrate that hydroponic culture system is best suited for proteomics of salt stress in rice seedling.

  5. Differential interactions of cerebellin precursor protein (Cbln) subtypes and neurexin variants for synapse formation of cortical neurons.

    Joo, Jae-Yeol; Lee, Sung-Jin; Uemura, Takeshi; Yoshida, Tomoyuki; Yasumura, Misato; Watanabe, Masahiko; Mishina, Masayoshi


    Trans-synaptic interaction of postsynaptic glutamate receptor δ2 and presynaptic neurexins (NRXNs) through cerebellin precursor protein (Cbln) 1 mediates synapse formation in the cerebellum [T. Uemura, S.J. Lee, M. Yasumura, T. Takeuchi, T. Yoshida, M. Ra, R. Taguchi, K. Sakimura, M. Mishina, Cell 141 (2010) 1068-1079]. This finding raises a question whether other Cbln family members interact with NRXNs to regulate synapse formation in the forebrain. Here, we showed that Cbln1 and Cbln2 induced presynaptic differentiation of cultured cortical neurons, while Cbln4 exhibited little activity. When compared with neuroligin 1, Cbln1 and Cbln2 induced preferentially inhibitory presynaptic differentiation rather than excitatory one in cortical cultures. The synaptogenic activities of Cbln1 and Cbln2 were suppressed by the addition of the extracellular domain of NRXN1β to the cortical neuron cultures. Consistently, Cbln1 and Cbln2 showed robust binding activities to NRXN1α and three β-NRXNs, while only weak interactions were observed between Cbln4 and NRXNs. The interactions of Cbln1, Cbln2 and Cbln4 were selective for NRXN variants containing splice segment (S) 4. Affinities for NRXNs estimated by surface plasmon resonance analysis were variable among Cbln subtypes. Cbln1 showed higher affinities to NRXNs than Cbln2, while the binding ability of Cbln4 was much lower than those of Cbln1 and Cbln2. The affinities of Cbln1 and Cbln2 were comparable between NRXN1α and NRXN1β, but those for NRXN2β and NRXN3β were lower. These results suggest that Cbln subtypes exert synaptogenic activities in cortical neurons by differentially interacting with NRXN variants containing S4.

  6. The Myth of an 'Invisible Mediator': An Australian Case Study of English-Japanese Police Interpreting

    Ikuko Nakane


    Full Text Available Recent studies have challenged the assumption that the interpreter is an ‘invisible’ mediator and have demonstrated a departure from the ‘conduit’ role often assigned to interpreters in their professional ethics guidelines (e.g. Russell 2000, Wadensjö 1998, 2004; Yoshida 2007. In this paper, I address the issue of interpreter’s role as an invisible mediator through an examination of interactional ‘repairs’, one of the key aspects of interaction management mechanisms in the tradition of Conversation Analysis. The context of interpreting is Australian Federal Police interviews mediated by Japanese-English interpreters. While some repair sequences in interpreter-mediated police interviews followed common patterns of monolingual police interviews, there were also some features of repairs specific to interpreter-mediated discourse. In particular, due to the interpreting of each turn, in some cases, it is not always possible to ascertain whether it was the primary speaker’s turn or the interpreted version that was the source of ‘trouble’ leading to an interactional repair. The paper demonstrates interpreters’ vulnerability to being identified as the ‘troublemaker’ in repair sequences and consequential face-saving strategies. These strategies included modifying the primary speaker’s utterances or providing explanations for why a need to repair was perceived or why a repair sequence failed to rectify a problem. It is demonstrated that in engaging in these types of problem solving activities, interpreters at times shift roles, sometimes pushing the boundaries of their professional ethics. The paper argues that, while interpreters are often viewed as operating within a third ‘invisible’ space between interlocutors, this invisibility needs to be questioned. It is suggested that the expectation of a completely invisible, or neutral, third space is unrealistic, and that interpreters as cultural and linguistic mediators, and

  7. RNAi-mediated disruption of squalene synthase improves drought tolerance and yield in rice.

    Manavalan, Lakshmi P; Chen, Xi; Clarke, Joseph; Salmeron, John; Nguyen, Henry T


    About one-third of the world's rice area is in rain-fed lowlands and most are prone to water shortage. The identification of genes imparting tolerance to drought in the model cereal plant, rice, is an attractive strategy to engineer improved drought tolerance not only rice but other cereals as well. It is demonstrated that RNAi-mediated disruption of a rice farnesyltransferase/squalene synthase (SQS) by maize squalene synthase improves drought tolerance at both the vegetative and reproductive stages. Twenty-day-old seedlings of wild type (Nipponbare) and seven independent events of transgenic RNAi lines showed no difference in morphology. When subjected to water stress for a period of 32 d under growth chamber conditions, transgenic positives showed delayed wilting, conserved more soil water, and improved recovery. When five independent events along with wild-type plants were subjected to drought at the reproductive stage under greenhouse conditions, the transgenic plants lost water more slowly compared with the wild type, through reduced stomatal conductance and the retention of high leaf relative water content (RWC). After 28 d of slow progressive soil drying, transgenic plants recovered better and flowered earlier than wild-type plants. The yield of water-stressed transgenic positive plants ranged from 14-39% higher than wild-type plants. When grown in plates with Yoshida's nutrient solution with 1.2% agar, transgenic positives from three independent events showed increased root length and an enhanced number of lateral roots. The RNAi-mediated inactivation produced reduced stomatal conductance and subsequent drought tolerance.

  8. Transport of ions and biomolecules through single asymmetric nanopores in polymer films

    Schiedt, Birgitta; Healy, Ken; Morrison, Alan P.; Neumann, Reinhard; Siwy, Zuzanna


    Single conical nanopores in polymer foils show 'rectifying' diode-like current-voltage (I-V) characteristics, with preferential cation flow in the direction from the narrow to the wide opening [P. Apel, Y.E. Korchev, Z. Siwy, R. Spohr, M. Yoshida, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B 184 (2001) 337-346, Z. Siwy, D. Dobrev, R. Neumann, C. Trautmann, K. Voss, Appl. Phys. A 76 (2003) 781-785]. To produce single-pore membranes, we irradiated polymer films (polyethylene terephthalate and polyimide) with single heavy ions (using kinetic energies in the GeV range) and subsequently performed asymmetric chemical track-etching. The resulting conical pores had narrow openings of 4-20 nm. The I-V curves of these pores were measured in aqueous KCl solutions of various concentrations and pH values, and it was found that both parameters influence the rectification properties of the pores. For decreasing concentrations, down to 0.1 M, the degree of rectification increases, as predicted by a recently proposed model [Z. Siwy, A. Fulinski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 (2002) 198103], however, as the concentration decreases further, the rectification unexpectedly begins to decrease again. We suspect that this is due to conformation changes occurring in the pore. Also, our results have shown that the pores exhibit a non-classical conductance versus electrolyte concentration characteristic, having elevated conductances at low concentrations, for which we propose an explanation based on surface conductivity. Finally, we present an application of the polyimide conical nanopores as single-molecule DNA sensors, with results demonstrating their ability to detect individual plasmid DNA molecules.

  9. Does antimicrobial use density at the ward level influence monthly central line-associated bloodstream infection rates?

    Yoshida J


    Full Text Available Junichi Yoshida, Yukiko Harada, Tetsuya Kikuchi, Ikuyo Asano, Takako Ueno, Nobuo Matsubara Infection Control Committee, Shimonoseki City Hospital, Shimonoseki, Japan Abstract: The aim of this study was to elucidate risk factors, including ward antimicrobial use density (AUD, for central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in a 430-bed community hospital using central venous lines with closed-hub systems. We calculated AUD as (total dose/(defined daily dose × patient days ×1,000 for a total of 20 drugs, nine wards, and 24 months. Into each line day data, we inputed AUD and device utilization ratios, number of central line days, and CLABSI. The ratio of susceptible strains in isolates were subjected to correlation analysis with AUD. Of a total of 9,997 line days over 24 months, CLABSI was present in 33 cases (3.3 ‰, 14 (42.4% of which were on surgical wards out of nine wards. Of a total of 43 strains isolated, eight (18.6% were methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA; none of the MRSA-positive patients had received cefotiam before the onset of infection. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis showed that central line day 7 had the highest accuracy. Logistic regression analysis showed the central line day showed an odds ratio of 5.511 with a 95% confidence interval of 1.936–15.690 as did AUD of cefotiam showing an odds ratio of 0.220 with 95% confidence interval of 0.00527–0.922 (P=0.038. Susceptible strains ratio and AUD showed a negative correlation (R2=0.1897. Thus, CLABSI could be prevented by making the number of central line days as short as possible. The preventative role of AUD remains to be investigated. Keywords: bloodstream infection, central line, antimicrobial use density


    卢奇; 袁岂凡; 万建国



  11. Association of an overlap syndrome of autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cirrhosis with cytomegalovirus infection

    Toyoda-Akui M


    Full Text Available Megumi Toyoda-Akui1,4, Hiroaki Yokomori1, Fumihiko Kaneko1,4, Yuki Shimizu1, Hajime Takeuchi1, Kumiko Tahara1, Hide Yoshida1, Hirobumi Kondo1, Tadashi Motoori2, Makoto Ohbu3, Masaya Oda5, Toshifumi Hibi61Department of Internal Medicine, 2Division of Pathology, Kitasato Medical Center Hospital, Kitasato University, Saitama; 3Department of Pathology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa; 4Department of Internal Medicine, Saitama Social Insurance Hospital, Saitama; 5Organized Center of Clinical Medicine, International University of Health and Welfare, Tokyo; 6Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, JapanAbstract: A 63-year-old woman, who presented with severe jaundice and elevated serum conjugated bilirubin level, denied alcohol and drug use and showed no evidence of viral hepatitis. Based on clinical and laboratory features, she was diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis with primary biliary cirrhosis. Hematological and immunochemical assays, radiographic imaging, clinical examination, and liver biopsy were conducted. Laboratory results were the following: negative for fluorescence antinuclear antibody, negative for antismooth muscle antibodies but positive for antinuclear antibody (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and antimitochondrial M2 antibody, high titers of serum globulin, and positive for cytomegalovirus IgM. Liver biopsy showed submassive lobular necrosis, inflammation with broad areas of parenchymal collapse, and chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis. The patient responded well to corticosteroid therapy. This case might illustrate an association between cytomegalovirus infection and the occurrence of autoimmune hepatitis.Keywords: autoimmune hepatitis, fluorescence antinuclear antibody, enzyme linked immuno sorbent assay, primary biliary cirrhosis, cytomegalovirus infection

  12. EDITORIAL: Special issue containing papers presented at the 4th IAEA Technical Meeting on the Theory of Plasma Instabilities Special issue containing papers presented at the 4th IAEA Technical Meeting on the Theory of Plasma Instabilities

    Itoh, K.; Wilson, H. R.


    . Usami, M. Yagi, Z. Yoshida

  13. Microwave Spectrum of Hydrogen Bonded HEXAFLUOROISOPROPANOL•••WATER Complex

    Shahi, Abhishek; Arunan, Elangannan


    Stabilizing α-helical structure of protein and dissolving a hard to dissolve polymer, polythene terphthalete, are some of the unique properties of the organic solvent Hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP). After determining the complete microwave spectrum of HFIP monomer, we have recorded the spectrum of HFIP***H_2O complex. Ab initio calculations were used to optimize three different possible structures. The global minimum, structure 1, had HFIP as proton donor. Another promising structure, Structure 2, has been obtained from a molecular dynamic study. A total of 46 observed lines have been fitted well for obtaining the rotational and distortion constants within experimental uncertainty. The observed rotational constants are A = 1134.53898(77) MHz, B = 989.67594(44) MHz and C = 705.26602(20) MHz. Interestingly, the rotational constants of structure 1, structure 2 and experiments were very close. Experimentally observed distortion constants were close to structure 1. b-type transitions were stronger than c-type which is also consistent with the calculated dipole moment components of structure 1. Calculations predict a non-zero a-dipole moment but experimentally a-type transitions were absent. Microwave spectra of two of the deuterium isotopologues of this complex i.e. HFIP***D_2O (30 transitions) and HFIP***HOD (33 transitions) have been also observed. Search for other isotopologues are in progress. To characterize the nature of hydrogen bonding, Atoms in Molecules and Natural Bond Orbital theoretical analysis have been done. Experimental structure and these theoretical analyses indicate that the hydrogen bonding in HFIP***H_2O complex is stronger than that in water dimer. A. Shahi and E. Arunan, Talk number RK16, 68th International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy 2013, Ohio, USA. Yamaguchi, T.; Imura, S.; Kai, T.; Yoshida, K. Zeitschrift für Naturforsch. A 2013, 68a, 145.

  14. Hydrophilicity of quinolones is not an exclusive factor for decreased activity in efflux-mediated resistant mutants of Staphylococcus aureus.

    Takenouchi, T; Tabata, F; Iwata, Y; Hanzawa, H; Sugawara, M; Ohya, S


    The elevated expression of the norA gene is responsible for efflux-mediated resistance to quinolones in Staphylococcus aureus (E.Y.W. Ng, M. Trucksis, and D.C. Hooper, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 38:1345-1355, 1994). For S. aureus transformed with a plasmid containing the cloned norA gene, SA113(pTUS20) (H. Yoshida, M. Bogaki, S. Nakamura, K. Ubukata, and M. Konno, J. Bacteriol. 172:6942-6949, 1990), and an overexpressed mutant, SA-1199B (G.W. Kaatz, S.M. Seo, and C.A. Ruble, J. Infect. Dis. 163:1080-1086, 1991), the MICs of norfloxacin increased 16 and 64 times compared with its MICs for the recipient and wild-type strains, SA113 and SA-1199, respectively. MICs of CS-940, however, increased only two and eight times, even though these two fluoroquinolones are similarly hydrophilic (apparent logPs of approximately -1). No good correlation was found, among 15 developed and developing quinolones, between the increment ratio in MICs and hydrophobicity (r = 0.61). Analysis of the quantitative structure-activity relationship among 40 fluoroquinolones revealed that the MIC increment ratio was significantly correlated with the bulkiness of the C-7 substituent and bulkiness and hydrophobicity of the C-8 substituent of fluoroquinolones (r = 0.87) and not with its molecular hydrophobicity (r = 0.47). Cellular accumulation of norfloxacin in SA-1199B was significantly lower than that in SA-1199, and it was increased by addition of carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone. On the other hand, accumulations of CS-940 in these strains were nearly identical, and they were not affected by addition of the protonophore.

  15. Fast MinMax energy-based phase correction method for NMR spectra with linear phase distortion

    Zieliński, Tomasz P.; Duda, Krzysztof; Ostrowska, Katarzyna


    This paper addresses the problem of phase correction of dense NMR spectra on the example of the etoxy derivative of the fused heterocyclic system 5,6,10b-triazaacephenanthrylene (TAAP-OEt). A new estimation method for the linear phase correction coefficients is proposed that successfully extends the min-max (minimization of maximum errors) approach of Siegel (1981). Distinctive to the Siegel method, the smallest values of the real part of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) spectrum are maximized, not for the whole spectrum but only for DFT bins near the peaks selected by a new energy-based criterion. Additionally, the method makes use of two one-parameter optimizations for finding the phase correction line coefficients and not the single two-parameter search. The new method is demonstrated to be precise, fast and robust against additive noise. The method's properties are verified in comparison with the state-of-the-art algorithms of Chen et al. (2002) and Bao et al. (2013) for laboratory recorded TAAP-OEt FID data and for simulated TAAP-OEt signal consisting of the sum of more than 100 complex damped exponentials. Extensive simulations were also conducted on the set of test signals derived from the TAAP-OEt signal by deterministic and pseudorandom manipulation of its content. The components of the signal model were identified by the Bertocco-Yoshida Interpolated DFT (IpDFT) algorithm with a spectral leakage correction. Simulated signals were embedded in the additive Gaussian noise, and the noise-robustness of all of the algorithms was evaluated. The obtained results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the Chen and the Bao algorithms, being more than 100 times faster than the Bao method (for a signal having 216 samples).

  16. Safety and efficacy of silodosin for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Yoshida M


    Full Text Available Masaki Yoshida1, Junzo Kudoh2, Yukio Homma3, Kazuki Kawabe41Department of Medical Informatics, 2Department of Urology, Japan Labor Health and Welfare Organization, Kumamoto Rosai Hospital, Kumamoto, Japan; 3Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; 4Tokyo Teishin Hospital, Tokyo, JapanAbstract: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH are highly prevalent in older men. Medical therapy is the first-line treatment for LUTS associated with BPH. Mainstays in the treatment of male LUTS and clinical BPH are the α1-adrenergic receptor antagonists. Silodosin is a new α1-adrenergic receptor antagonist that is selective for the α1A-adrenergic receptor. By antagonizing α1A-adrenergic receptors in the prostate and urethra, silodosin causes smooth muscle relaxation in the lower urinary tract. Since silodosin has greater affinity for the α1A-adrenergic receptor than for the α1B-adrenergic receptor, it minimizes the propensity for blood pressure-related adverse effects caused by α1B-adrenergic receptor blockade. In the clinical studies, patients receiving silodosin at a total daily dose of 8 mg exhibited significant improvements in the International Prostate Symptom Score and maximum urinary flow rate compared with those receiving placebo. Silodosin showed early onset of efficacy for both voiding and storage symptoms. Furthermore, long-term safety of silodosin was also demonstrated. Retrograde or abnormal ejaculation was the most commonly reported adverse effect. The incidence of orthostatic hypotension was low. In conclusion, silodosin, a novel selective α1A-adrenergic receptor antagonist, was effective in general and without obtrusive side effects. This review provides clear evidence in support of the clinical usefulness of silodosin in the treatment of LUTS associated with BPH.Keywords: α1A-adrenoceptor antagonist, silodosin, selective, benign prostatic

  17. Mussel-inspired human gelatin nanocoating for creating biologically adhesive surfaces

    Yang X


    Full Text Available Xi Yang,1,2 Liping Zhu,1 Seiichi Tada,1 Di Zhou,3 Takashi Kitajima,1 Takashi Isoshima,1 Yasuhiro Yoshida,1,4 Mariko Nakamura,1,5 Weiqun Yan,2 Yoshihiro Ito1,3 1Nano Medical Engineering Laboratory, RIKEN, Saitama, Japan; 2School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jilin University, Jilin, People’s Republic of China; 3Emergent Bioengineering Materials Research Team, RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science, Saitama, 4Department of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, 5Dental Hygiene Program, Kibi International College, Okayama, Japan Abstract: Recombinant human gelatin was conjugated with dopamine using carbodiimide as a surface modifier. This dopamine-coupled human gelatin (D-rhG was characterized by 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectroscopy, and circular dichroism. D-rhG-coated surface properties were analyzed by physicochemical methods. Additionally, cell attachment and growth on the modified surfaces was assessed using human umbilical endothelial cells. Binding of gelatin onto titanium was significantly enhanced by dopamine conjugation. The thickness of the D-rhG coating depended on the treatment pH; thicker layers were formed at higher pH values, with a maximum thickness of 30 nm. D-rhG enhanced the binding of collagen-binding vascular endothelial growth factor and cell adhesion as compared with gelatin alone, even at the same surface concentration. The D-rhG surface modifier enhanced substrate binding by creating an adhesive nanointerface that increased specific protein binding and cell attachment. Keywords: recombinant human gelatin, dopamine, natural catechols, cell adhesion, cell culture, titanium

  18. Role of silicon in alleviation of iron deficiency and toxicity in hydroponically-grown rice (Oryza sativa L. plants

    A Abdol Zadeh


    Full Text Available Silicon (Si nutrition may alleviate biotic and abiotic stresses including heavy metal deficiency and toxicity in plants. Iron deficiency and toxicity are important limiting factors in growth of rice. In the present study, role of Si nutrition on alleviation of iron deficiency and toxicity was investigated in rice plants. Plants were cultivated in greenhouse in hydroponics, using Yoshida solution, under different iron treatments (0, 2, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 250 mg/L as Fe- EDTA and Si nutrition (0 and 1.5 mM as sodium silicate. Results revealed that both iron deficiency and toxicity imposed significant reduction in fresh and dry weight and length of plants. The activity of catalase was decreased in shoots due to iron deficiency. Activity of catalase in roots and cell wall peroxidase in shoots increased under iron toxicity compared with control plants. Si nutrition increased Si content in plants and improved plant growth in both iron deficiency (not in the absence of iron and toxicity. Application of Si increased the activity of catalase in shoots and polyphenol oxidase in both roots and shoots under iron deficiency. Also, the activity of catalase in roots and polyphenol oxidase in shoots raised following iron toxicity. This in turn may reduce the oxidative stress in plants. In addition, increase of lignin in extreme iron toxicity due to Si nutrition may enhance sites of iron absorption in plant cell walls and decrease iron toxicity. The results indicated that Si nutrition could ameliorate harmful effects of iron deficiency and toxicity in rice plants possibly through improvement of antioxidant enzyme activity and reduction of oxidative stress.

  19. The Effect of High-Intensity Interval Cycling Sprints Subsequent to Arm-Curl Exercise on Upper-Body Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy.

    Kikuchi, Naoki; Yoshida, Shou; Okuyama, Mizuki; Nakazato, Koichi


    Kikuchi, N, Yoshida, S, Okuyama, M, and Nakazato, K. The effect of high-intensity interval cycling sprints subsequent to arm-curl exercise on upper-body muscle strength and hypertrophy. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2318-2323, 2016-The purpose of this study was to examine whether lower limb sprint interval training (SIT) after arm resistance training (RT) influences training response of arm muscle strength and hypertrophy. Twenty men participated in this study. We divided subjects into RT group (n = 6) and concurrent training group (CT, n = 6). The RT program was designed to induce muscular hypertrophy (3 sets × 10 repetitions [reps] at 80% 1 repetition maximum [1RM] of arm-curl exercise) and was performed in an 8-week training schedule performed 3 times per week on nonconsecutive days. Subjects assigned to the CT group performed identical protocols as strength training and modified SIT (4 sets of 30-s maximal effort, separated in 4 m 30-s rest intervals) on the same day. Pretest and posttest maximal oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max), muscle cross-sectional area (CSA), and 1RM were measured. Significant increase in V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from pretest to posttest was observed in the CT group (p = 0.010, effect size [ES] = 1.84) but not in the RT group (p = 0.559, ES = 0.35). Significant increase in CSA from pretest to posttest was observed in the RT group (p = 0.030, ES = 1.49) but not in the CT group (p = 0.110, ES = 1.01). Significant increase in 1RM from pretest to posttest was observed in the RT group (p = 0.021, ES = 1.57) but not in the CT group (p = 0.065, ES = 1.19). In conclusion, our data indicate that concurrent lower limb SIT interferes with arm muscle hypertrophy and strength.

  20. Understanding N2O sources and sinks with laser based isotopic analysis

    Mohn, Joachim; Harris, Eliza; Tuzson, Béla; Emmenegger, Lukas


    Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a potent greenhouse gas and the strongest ozone-destroying substance. The main emissions of N2O are linked to different microbial processes, therefore the sources are disperse and highly variable, complicating the development of effective mitigation strategies. Isotopic measurements have great potential to unravel spatial and temporal variations in sources, sinks and chemistry of N2O. Recent developments in quantum cascade laser spectroscopy (QCLAS) [1] allow both the intermolecular distribution of 15N substitutions ('site preference'; 15N14N16O versus 14N15N16O) and the oxygen isotopic composition (d18O) of N2O to be measured in real-time and at high precision of weather influences [2]. In a follow-up project we intend to combine real-time N2O isotopic analysis at a tall tower in central Switzerland with atmospheric transport simulations and a biogeochemical model of surface fluxes of N2O isotopomers. The working hypothesis is that this approach will allow us to quantify regional N2O sources, identify emission hot spots, and constrain source processes, which will be of upmost importance for developing targeted mitigation options. References: [1] H. Wächter, J. Mohn, B. Tuzson, L. Emmenegger, M. W. Sigrist, Opt. Express (2008), 16, 9239-9244. [2] B. Wolf, L. Merbold, C. Decock, B. Tuzson, E. Harris, J. Six, L. Emmenegger, J. Mohn, Biogeosci. Discuss. (2015), accepted. [3] J. Mohn et al., Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. (2014) 28, 1995-2007. [4] P. Wunderlin, M. F. Lehmann, H. Siegrist, B. Tuzson, A. Joss, L. Emmenegger, J. Mohn, Environ. Sci. Technol. (2013), 47, 1339-1348. [5] J. Mohn, B. Tuzson, A. Manninen, N. Yoshida, S. Toyoda, W. A. Brand, L. Emmenegger, Atmos. Meas. Tech. (2012), 5, 1601-1609.

  1. [Affinity of the elements in group VI of the periodic table to tumors and organs].

    Ando, A; Hisada, K; Ando, I


    In order to investigate the tumor affinity radioisotopes, chromium (51Cr), molybdenum (99Mo), tungsten (181W), selenium (75Se) and tellurium (127mTe)--the elements of group VI in the periodic table--were examined, using the rats which were subcutaneously transplanted with Yoshida sarcoma. Seven preprarations, sodium chromate (Na251CrO4), chromium chloride (51CrCl3), normal ammonium molybdate ((NH4)299MoO7), sodium tungstate (Na2181WO4), sodium selenate (Na275SeO4), sodium selenite (Na275SeO3) and tellurous acid (H2127mTeO3) were injected intravenously to each group of tumor bearing rats. These rats were sacrificed at various periods after injection of each preparation: 3 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours in all preparations. The radioactivities of the tumor, blood, muscle, liver, kidney and spleen were measured by a well-type scintillation counter, and retention values (in every tissue including the tumor) were calculated in percent of administered dose per g-tissue weight. All of seven preparations did not have any affinity for malignant tumor. Na251CrO4 and H2127mTeO3 had some affinity for the kidneys, and Na275SeO3 had some affinity for the liver. Na2181WO4 and (NH4)299MoO4 disappeared very rapidly from the blood and soft tissue, and about seventy-five percent of radioactivity was excreted in urine within first 3 hours.

  2. Re-examining the main asteroid belt as the primary source of ancient lunar craters

    Minton, David A.; Richardson, James E.; Fassett, Caleb I.


    It has been hypothesized that the impactors that created the majority of the observable craters on the ancient lunar highlands were derived from the main asteroid belt in such a way that preserved their size-frequency distribution (Strom, R.G., Malhotra, R., Ito, T., Yoshida, F., Kring, D.A. [2005]. Science 309, 1847-1850). A more limited version of this hypothesis, dubbed the E-belt hypothesis, postulates that a destabilized contiguous inner extension of the main asteroid belt produced a bombardment limited to those craters younger than Nectaris basin (Bottke, W.F., Vokrouhlický, D., Minton, D., Nesvorný, D., Morbidelli, A., Brasser, R., Simonson, B., Levison, H.F. [2012]. Nature 485, 78-81). We investigate these hypotheses with a Monte Carlo code called the Cratered Terrain Evolution Model (CTEM), which models the topography of a terrain that has experienced bombardment due to an input impactor population. We detail our effort to calibrate the code with a human crater counter. We also take advantage of recent advances in understanding the scaling relationships between impactor size (Di ) and final crater size (Dc ) for basin-sized impact craters (Dc>300km ) in order to use large impact basins as a constraint on the ancient impactor population of the Moon. We find that matching the observed number of lunar highlands craters with Dc≃100km requires that the total number of impacting asteroids with Di>10km be no fewer than 4×10-6km-2 . However, this required mass of impactors has 64km craters while not producing a crater larger than Imbrium, as required by the E-belt hypothesis. These results suggest that the lunar highlands were unlikely to have been bombarded by a population whose size-frequency distribution resembles that of the currently observed main asteroid belt. We suggest that the population of impactors that cratered the lunar highlands had a somewhat similar size-frequency distribution as the modern main asteroid belt, reflecting a similar rocky

  3. A revised burial dose estimation procedure for optical dating of youngand modern-age sediments

    Arnold, L.J.; Roberts, R.G.; Galbraith, R.F.; DeLong, S.B.


    The presence of genuinely zero-age or near-zero-age grains in modern-age and very young samples poses a problem for many existing burial dose estimation procedures used in optical (optically stimulated luminescence, OSL) dating. This difficulty currently necessitates consideration of relatively simplistic and statistically inferior age models. In this study, we investigate the potential for using modified versions of the statistical age models of Galbraith et??al. [Galbraith, R.F., Roberts, R.G., Laslett, G.M., Yoshida, H., Olley, J.M., 1999. Optical dating of single and multiple grains of quartz from Jinmium rock shelter, northern Australia: Part I, experimental design and statistical models. Archaeometry 41, 339-364.] to provide reliable equivalent dose (De) estimates for young and modern-age samples that display negative, zero or near-zero De estimates. For this purpose, we have revised the original versions of the central and minimum age models, which are based on log-transformed De values, so that they can be applied to un-logged De estimates and their associated absolute standard errors. The suitability of these 'un-logged' age models is tested using a series of known-age fluvial samples deposited within two arroyo systems from the American Southwest. The un-logged age models provide accurate burial doses and final OSL ages for roughly three-quarters of the total number of samples considered in this study. Sensitivity tests reveal that the un-logged versions of the central and minimum age models are capable of producing accurate burial dose estimates for modern-age and very young (<350??yr) fluvial samples that contain (i) more than 20% of well-bleached grains in their De distributions, or (ii) smaller sub-populations of well-bleached grains for which the De values are known with high precision. Our results indicate that the original (log-transformed) versions of the central and minimum age models are still preferable for most routine dating applications

  4. Seismic ACROSS Transmitter Installed at Morimachi above the Subducting Philippine Sea Plate for the Test Monitoring of the Seismogenic Zone of Tokai Earthquake not yet to Occur

    Kunitomo, T.; Kumazawa, M.; Masuda, T.; Morita, N.; Torii, T.; Ishikawa, Y.; Yoshikawa, S.; Katsumata, A.; Yoshida, Y.


    reflected wave from an anticipated fault plane of Tokai Earthquake, the boundary between Eurasian lithosphere and the subducting Philippine Sea Plate. Further several trials of new transmission protocol and also remote control are being made for the transmitter network of the next generation. The whole system appears working well as reported by Yoshida et al. (2008, This meeting).

  5. PREFACE: Nanospintronics design and realization

    Akai, Hisazumi; Katayama-Yoshida, Hiroshi; Kasai, Hideaki


    This special issue of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter contains selected papers from the 1st International Conference on Nanospintronics Design and Realization (ICNDR 2004), which was held in Kyoto, Japan, 24--28 May 2004. This conference was organized by the Nanospintronics Design and Realization project members: Hideaki Kasai, Osaka (Chair of the Conference) Hisazumi Akai, Osaka Hajime Asahi, Osaka Wilson Agerico Diño, Osaka Hiroshi Harima, Kyoto Tomoyuki Kakeshita, Osaka Junjiro Kanamori, Kyoto Hiroshi Katayama-Yoshida, Osaka Koichi Kusakabe, Osaka Hiroshi Nakanishi, Osaka (Secretary) Tamio Oguchi, Hiroshima Teruo Ono, Osaka Naoshi Suzuki, Osaka Hitoshi Tabata, Osaka under the auspices of the Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Special Coordination Funds for Promoting Science and Technology, and the sponsorship of Osaka University and the International Institute for Advanced Studies (IIAS). The conference is intended to provide an international forum for experimental and theoretical researchers, in the rapidly developing field of nanospintronics. It aims to: provide an overview of our current understanding of the physics of spin transport in (magnetic) semiconductors and hybrid magnetic/semiconductor structures; provide a venue to present and discuss the latest developments in using spin-dependent phenomena in nano-(opto-) electronics and computing applications; provide a venue for discussion and assessment of other possible means of exploiting the spin-dependent phenomena in future nano-(opto-) electronic and computing applications; address current (and foreseeable future) problems, of fundamental and applied nature, in an effort to bridge the physics and technology gap between semiconducting and magnetic materials. All of these being geared towards bringing about the realization of a functioning nanospintronics. A total of 127 delegates from 15 countries took part in ICNDR 2004, which was comprised of 62 invited

  6. Additive Effects of Sinusoidal Lower Body Negative Pressure on Cardiovascular Responses.

    Ishibashi, Keita; Oyama, Fuyuki; Yoshida, Hisao; Iwanaga, Koichi


    Sinusoidal lower body negative pressure (SLBNP) has been used to investigate the cardiovascular response to slow periodic changes in blood shifts, but measurements of slow fluctuations take a long time if measured for each period of SLBNP separately. Our study aimed to investigate whether the cardiovascular responses to superimposed SLBNP (S-SLBNP), which is expected to reduce the measurement time, are different from responses measured individually. S-SLBNP was configured by superimposing two conventional SLBNPs (C-SLBNP) at 180-s and 30-s periods in the pressure range from 0 to -25 mmHg. As the S-SLBNP has double the static load of C-SLBNP, we also used offset SLBNP (O-SLBNP), which has the same static load level as S-SLBNP. Heart rate (HR), thoracic impedance (Z0), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured from 11 male subjects. The transfer functions of gains from MAP to HR (Gain-HR/MAP) and from Z0 to HR (Gain-HR/Z0) were calculated as indexes of arterial baroreflex and cardiopulmonary baroreflex regulation of HR, respectively. The Gain-HR/MAP in the 180-s period (2.11 ± 0.17 bpm/mmHg; mean ± SEM) was larger than that of the 30-s period (1.04 ± 0.09 bpm/mmHg); however, there was no significant difference between the SLBNP conditions. The Gain-HR/Z0 in C-SLBNP (9.37 ± 1.47 bpm/ohm) was smaller than that of the other conditions [18.46 ± 2.45 bpm/ohm (O-SLBNP); 16.09 ± 2.29 bpm/ohm (S-SLBNP)]. Using S-SLBNP could reduce the measurement time needed to examine the arterial baroreflex. However, the cardiopulmonary baroreflex was modified by the static load of SLBNP.Ishibashi K, Oyama F, Yoshida H, Iwanaga K. Additive effects of sinusoidal lower body negative pressure on cardiovascular responses. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(2):137-141.

  7. Changes of the groundwater composition in fractured rocks of low permeability as a consequence of deglaciation

    Delos, A.; Duro, L.; Guimera, J.; Bruno, J. [Enviros Spain SL, Passeig de Rubi, 29-31, 08197 Valldoreix, Barcelona (Spain); Puigdomenech, I. [SKB, Brahegatan 47, SE-102 40 Stockholm (Sweden)


    Full text of publication follows: The Swedish concept of a spent fuel repository is based on deep geological disposal in granitic bedrock under geochemically reducing conditions. Groundwaters in areas that have been subjected to advance and retreat of glacial sheets such as the Canadian and Scandic shields, display a signature of deep penetration of oxidant waters such as melt waters, likely to affect the stability of the repository. Some studies have been focused on new experimental methodologies to understand the depletion of oxygen in granitic rocks. They determine how the oxygen reacts with rocks mineral and the water conducting zones [1]. A former study analyses the redox front migration due to the effect of the oxygen intrusion [2]. It concluded that the oxygen in groundwater derived from ice melting would be consumed by the rock minerals, and that the Eh of the system would be oxidising in case of very high groundwater velocities are maintained over long time periods. This work was reviewed by [3] and considered over-conservative and too much simplistic. The objective of this present work is to calculate the impacts of the ice melt on the composition of groundwater likely to reach the repository by means of multicomponent reactive transport simulations. The latest updates of the thermodynamic and kinetic databases will allow more accurate understanding of the processes occurring in the system. The latest hydrogeological, geochemical and mineralogical characterizations performed in the Foersmark region are used in the definition of the more realistic 2D conceptual model. [1] Puigdomenech, I., J.P. Ambrosi, L. Eisenlohr, J.E. Lartigue, S.A. Banwart, K. Bateman, A.E. Milodowski, J. M. West, L. Griffault, E. Gustafsson, K. Hama, H. Yoshida, S. Kotelkinova, K. Pedersen, V. Michaud, L. Trotignon, J. Rivas-Perez and E.L. Tullborg (2001) O{sub 2} depletion in granitic media. The REX project. SKB TR-01-05, 92 pp. [2] Guimera, J., L.Duro, S.Jordana and J.Bruno (1999

  8. Cognitive function affects trainability for physical performance in exercise intervention among older adults with mild cognitive impairment

    Uemura K


    Full Text Available Kazuki Uemura,1,3 Hiroyuki Shimada,1 Hyuma Makizako,1,3 Takehiko Doi,1 Daisuke Yoshida,1 Kota Tsutsumimoto,1 Yuya Anan,1 Takao Suzuki21Section for Health Promotion, Department for Research and Development to Support Independent Life of Elderly, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, 2Research Institute, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Aichi, 3Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, JapanBackground: Although much evidence supports the hypothesis that cognitive function and physical function are interrelated, it is unclear whether cognitive decline with mild cognitive impairment influences trainability of physical performance in exercise intervention. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between cognitive function at baseline and change in physical performance after exercise intervention in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.Methods: Forty-four older adults diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment based on the Peterson criteria (mean age 74.8 years consented to and completed a 6-month twice weekly exercise intervention. The Timed Up and Go (TUG test was used as a measure of physical performance. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE, Trail Making Test Part B, Geriatric Depression Scale, baseline muscle strength of knee extension, and attendance rate of intervention, were measured as factors for predicting trainability.Results: In the correlation analysis, the change in TUG showed modest correlations with attendance rate in the exercise program (r = -0.354, P = 0.027 and MMSE at baseline (r = -0.321, P = 0.034. A multiple regression analysis revealed that change in TUG was independently associated with attendance rate (ß = -0.322, P = 0.026 and MMSE score (ß = -0.295, P = 0.041, controlling for age and gender.Conclusion: General cognitive function was associated with improvements in physical performance after exercise intervention in

  9. GalNAc-transferase specificity prediction based on feature selection method.

    Lu, Lin; Niu, Bing; Zhao, Jun; Liu, Liang; Lu, Wen-Cong; Liu, Xiao-Jun; Li, Yi-Xue; Cai, Yu-Dong


    GalNAc-transferase can catalyze the biosynthesis of O-linked oligosaccharides. The specificity of GalNAc-transferase is composed of nine amino acid residues denoted by R4, R3, R2, R1, R0, R1', R2', R3', R4'. To predict whether the reducing monosaccharide will be covalently linked to the central residue R0(Ser or Thr), a new method based on feature selection has been proposed in our work. 277 nonapeptides from reference [Chou KC. A sequence-coupled vector-projection model for predicting the specificity of GalNAc-transferase. Protein Sci 1995;4:1365-83] are chosen for training set. Each nonapeptide is represented by hundreds of amino acid properties collected by Amino Acid Index database ( and transformed into a numeric vector with 4554 features. The Maximum Relevance Minimum Redundancy (mRMR) method combining with Incremental Feature Selection (IFS) and Feature Forward Selection (FFS) are then applied for feature selection. Nearest Neighbor Algorithm (NNA) is used to build prediction models. The optimal model contains 54 features and its correct rate tested by Jackknife cross-validation test reaches 91.34%. Final feature analysis indicates that amino acid residues at position R3' play the most important role in the recognition of GalNAc-transferase specificity, which were confirmed by the experiments [Elhammer AP, Poorman RA, Brown E, Maggiora LL, Hoogerheide JG, Kezdy FJ. The specificity of UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase as inferred from a database of in vivo substrates and from the in vitro glycosylation of proteins and peptides. J Biol Chem 1993;268:10029-38; O'Connell BC, Hagen FK, Tabak LA. The influence of flanking sequence on the O-glycosylation of threonine in vitro. J Biol Chem 1992;267:25010-8; Yoshida A, Suzuki M, Ikenaga H, Takeuchi M. Discovery of the shortest sequence motif for high level mucin-type O-glycosylation. J Biol Chem 1997;272:16884-8]. Our method can be used as a tool for predicting O

  10. Tsunami Impacts in River Environments

    Tolkova, E.; Tanaka, H.; Roh, M.


    The 2010 Chilean and the 2011 Tohoku tsunami events demonstrated the tsunami's ability to penetrate much farther along rivers than the ground inundation. At the same time, while tsunami impacts to the coastal areas have been subject to countless studies, little is known about tsunami propagation in rivers. Here we examine the field data and conduct numerical simulations to gain better understanding of the tsunami impacts in rivers.The evidence which motivated our study is comprised of water level measurements of the aforementioned tsunamis in multiple rivers in Japan, and the 2011 Tohoku and some other tsunamis in the Columbia River in the US. When the available tsunami observations in these very different rivers are brought together, they display remarkably similar patterns not observed on the open coast. Two phenomena were discovered in the field data. First, the phase of the river tide determines the tsunami penetration distance in a very specific way common to all rivers. Tsunami wave progressively disappears on receding tide, whereas high tide greatly facilitates the tsunami intrusion, as seen in the Figure. Second, a strong near-field tsunami causes substantial and prolonged water accumulation in lower river reaches. As the 2011 tsunami intruded rivers in Japan, the water level along rivers rose 1-2 m and stayed high for many hours, with the maximum rise occurring several km from the river mouth. The rise in the water level at some upstream gaging stations even exceeded the tsunami amplitude there.Using the numerical experiments, we attempt to identify the physics behind these effects. We will demonstrate that the nonlinear interactions among the flow components (tsunami, tide, and riverine flow) are an essential condition governing wave dynamics in tidal rivers. Understanding these interactions might explain some previous surprising observations of waves in river environments. Figure: Measurements of the 2010/02/27 tsunami along Naruse and Yoshida rivers

  11. Three-Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Crustal Growth at Active Continental Margins

    Zhu, G.; Gerya, T.; Tackley, P. J.


    the finger-like plumes. We demonstrate the potential applicability of our model to clustering of arc magmatism in several subduction zones, such as Baja California (Ramos-Velázquez et al., Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas,2008), North Island of New Zealand (Booden et al., J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 2010), Northeast Japan (Kimura and Yoshida,Journal of Petrology, 2006); Ecuador (Schütte et al., Tectonophysics,2010) and Lesser Antilles (Labanieh et al., EPSL,2010).

  12. Isolation and Spectroscopic Characterization of Protonated Mixed [Tetrakis (4-pyridyl)porphyrinato] (phthal ocyaninato)Rare Earth (

    JIANG; Jian-zhuang


    [1]Kim, G. S., Judd, D. A., Hill, C. L., J. Med. Chem., 47, 816(1994)[2]Weeks, M.S., Hill, C. L., Schinazi, R. F., J. Med. Chem., 35, 1 216(1992)[3]Take,T., Tokutake, Y., Inouye, Y. , et al. , Antiviral Res. , 15, 113(1991)[4]Inouye, Y., Tohutake, Y., Yoshida, T., et al., Antiviral Res., 20, 317(1993)[5]Liu, S. X. , Liu, Y. Y. , Wang, E. B. , et al. , J. Northeast Normal University, (1), 53(1997)[6]Liu, S. X., Liu, Y. Y., Wang, E. B. , et al. , Chin. J. Appl. Chem., 13(2), 1 041(1996)[7]Liu, S. X. , Liu, Y. Y. , Wang, E. B. , Chem. J. Chinese Univesities. , 17(8), 1 188(1996)[8]Liu, S. X., Li, B. T., Wang, E. B., Chin. Sci. Bull., 42(15), 1 622(1997)[9]Dormont, D. , Reramian, P. , Lambert, P. , et al. , Cancer Deteer Prey. , 2, 181(1988)[10]Rosenbaum, W., Dormont, D., Spire, B., et al., Lancet. , 450(1985)[11]Burgard, M., Sansonetti, P., Vitteeoq, D., et al., AIDS, 3, 665(1989)[12]Moskovitz, B. L. , Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. , 32, 1 300(1988)[13]Attanasio, D., Bonamico, M. , Fares, V. , et al. , J. Chem. Soc. Dalton. Trans. ( Ⅱ ), 3 221(1990)[14]Fox, M. A. , Cardona, R., Gaillard, E. , J. Am. Chem. Soc. , 109, 6 347(1987)[15]Rocchiccioli-Deltcheff, C., Fournier, M., Franck, R., Inorg. Chem., 22, 207(1983)[16]Acerete, R., Hammer, C. F., Baker, L. C. W., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104(20), 5 384(1982)[17]Maddon, P.J..Dalgleish, A.G.,Mcdougal, J. S., et al., Cell., 47(3), 333(1986)[18]Baba, M., Snoeck, R. , Pauwels, R. , et al. , Antimicrob. Agents. Chemother., 32(11), 1 742(1988)[19]Tochikura, T. S., Narashima, H. , Tanabe, A. , et al. , Virology, 164(2), 542(1988)

  13. Syntheses, Characterization and Anti-HIV Activity of Charge Transfer Heteropolycomplexes

    LIU; Shu-xia


    [1]Kim, G. S., Judd, D. A., Hill, C. L., J. Med. Chem., 47, 816(1994)[2]Weeks, M.S., Hill, C. L., Schinazi, R. F., J. Med. Chem., 35, 1 216(1992)[3]Take,T., Tokutake, Y., Inouye, Y. , et al. , Antiviral Res. , 15, 113(1991)[4]Inouye, Y., Tohutake, Y., Yoshida, T., et al., Antiviral Res., 20, 317(1993)[5]Liu, S. X. , Liu, Y. Y. , Wang, E. B. , et al. , J. Northeast Normal University, (1), 53(1997)[6]Liu, S. X., Liu, Y. Y., Wang, E. B. , et al. , Chin. J. Appl. Chem., 13(2), 1 041(1996)[7]Liu, S. X. , Liu, Y. Y. , Wang, E. B. , Chem. J. Chinese Univesities. , 17(8), 1 188(1996)[8]Liu, S. X., Li, B. T., Wang, E. B., Chin. Sci. Bull., 42(15), 1 622(1997)[9]Dormont, D. , Reramian, P. , Lambert, P. , et al. , Cancer Deteer Prey. , 2, 181(1988)[10]Rosenbaum, W., Dormont, D., Spire, B., et al., Lancet. , 450(1985)[11]Burgard, M., Sansonetti, P., Vitteeoq, D., et al., AIDS, 3, 665(1989)[12]Moskovitz, B. L. , Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. , 32, 1 300(1988)[13]Attanasio, D., Bonamico, M. , Fares, V. , et al. , J. Chem. Soc. Dalton. Trans. ( Ⅱ ), 3 221(1990)[14]Fox, M. A. , Cardona, R., Gaillard, E. , J. Am. Chem. Soc. , 109, 6 347(1987)[15]Rocchiccioli-Deltcheff, C., Fournier, M., Franck, R., Inorg. Chem., 22, 207(1983)[16]Acerete, R., Hammer, C. F., Baker, L. C. W., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104(20), 5 384(1982)[17]Maddon, P.J..Dalgleish, A.G.,Mcdougal, J. S., et al., Cell., 47(3), 333(1986)[18]Baba, M., Snoeck, R. , Pauwels, R. , et al. , Antimicrob. Agents. Chemother., 32(11), 1 742(1988)[19]Tochikura, T. S., Narashima, H. , Tanabe, A. , et al. , Virology, 164(2), 542(1988)

  14. Two-dimensional fully dynamic SEM simulations of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake cycle

    Shimizu, H.; Hirahara, K.


    focusing on the differences from previous quasi-dynamic studies such as Kato and Yoshida [2011]. They proposed a shallow strong patch model to explain the observed huge coseismic slip at the shallow portion close to the Japan Trench and the long recurrence time of several hundreds.

  15. Predisposition for borderline personality disorder with comorbid major depression is associated with that for polycystic ovary syndrome in female Japanese population

    Kawamura S, Maesawa C, Nakamura K, Nakayama K, Morita M, Hiruma Y, Yoshida T, Sakai A, Masuda T


    Full Text Available Satoshi Kawamura1, Chihaya Maesawa2, Koji Nakamura1, Kazuhiko Nakayama1, Michiaki Morita1, Yohei Hiruma1, Tomoyuki Yoshida3, Akio Sakai3, Tomoyuki Masuda41Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Jikei University school of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 2Department of Tumor Biology, Division of Bioscience, center for Advanced Medical science, Iwate Medical University school of Medicine, Morioka, Japan; 3Department of Neuropsychiatry, Iwate Medical University school of Medicine, Morioka, Japan; 4Department of Pathology, Iwate Medical University school of Medicine, Morioka, JapanAbstract: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS is a common lifestyle-related endocrinopathy in women of reproductive age and is associated with several mental health problems. We examined the genotypic distributions of IRS-1 Gly972Arg and CYP11B2 -344T/C, which were previously described as influencing PCOS, and assayed the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α, in a set of female patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD with comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD (n = 50 and age-matched control subjects (n = 100, to investigate the predisposition for BPD with MDD. The results showed that the patients were more frequently IRS-1 972Arg variant allele carriers (P = 0.013; OR 6.68; 95% CI = 1.30-34.43 and homozygous for the CYP11B2 -344C variant allele (P = 0.022; OR = 3.32; 95% CI = 1.18-9.35 than the control subjects. The IL-6 level was significantly higher in the patients than in the controls (P < 0.0001. There was no significant difference in the serum TNF-α level between patients with BPD with MDD and the healthy comparison group (P = 0.5273. In conclusion, the predisposition for BPD with MDD is associated with that for PCOS, in the female Japanese population. An elevated serum IL-6 level is considered to be a possible biomarker of BPD with MDD.Keywords: borderline personality disorder, depression, polycystic ovary syndrome, genetic

  16. Comparative effect of clopidogrel plus aspirin and aspirin monotherapy on hematological parameters using propensity score matching

    Hayasaka M


    Full Text Available Masatoshi Hayasaka,1 Yasuo Takahashi,2 Yayoi Nishida,2 Yoshikazu Yoshida,1 Shinji Hidaka,3 Satoshi Asai41Department of Pharmacy, Nihon University Itabashi Hospital, Tokyo, 2Division of Genomic Epidemiology and Clinical Trials, Clinical Trials Research Center, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 3Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Regulatory Science, Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Nihon University, Chiba, 4Division of Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, JapanBackground: Clopidogrel and aspirin are antiplatelet agents that are recommended to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke and other cardiovascular events. Dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin has been shown to increase the risk of hemorrhage, but the effects of the drugs on laboratory parameters have not been well studied in real-world clinical settings. Therefore, we evaluated and compared the effects of combination therapy with clopidogrel plus aspirin and aspirin monotherapy on laboratory parameters.Methods: We used data from the Nihon University School of Medicine Clinical Data Warehouse obtained between November 2004 and May 2011 to identify cohorts of new users (n = 130 of clopidogrel (75 mg/day plus aspirin (100 mg/day and a propensity score matched sample of new users (n = 130 of aspirin alone (100 mg/day. We used a multivariate regression model to compare serum levels of creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase, as well as hematological parameters including hemoglobin level, hematocrit, and white blood cell, red blood cell, and platelet counts up to 2 months after the start of administration of the study drugs.Results: There were no significant differences for any characteristics and baseline laboratory parameters between users of clopidogrel plus aspirin and users of aspirin alone. Reductions in white blood cell and red blood cell counts, hemoglobin levels, and

  17. A single-arm Phase II validation study of preventing oxaliplatin-induced hypersensitivity reactions by dexamethasone: the AVOID trial

    Yoshida Y


    Full Text Available Yoichiro Yoshida,1 Keiji Hirata,2 Hiroshi Matsuoka,3 Shigeyoshi Iwamoto,4 Masahito Kotaka,5 Hideto Fujita,6 Naoya Aisu,1 Seiichiro Hoshino,1 Takeo Kosaka,6 Kotaro Maeda,3 Fumiaki Kiyomi,7 Yuichi Yamashita1 1Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan; 2Department of Surgery, Fukuoka Sanno Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan; 3Department of Surgery, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Japan; 4Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University Hirakata Hospital, Osaka, Japan; 5Gastrointestinal Cancer Center, Sano Hospital, Kobe, Japan; 6Department of Surgical Oncology, Kanazawa Medical University, Uchinada, Japan; 7Academia, Industry and Government Collaborative Research Institute of Translational Medicine for Life Innovation, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan Background: Patients with colorectal cancer treated with oxaliplatin are at risk of hypersensitivity reactions, with the incidence estimated to be 12%–20%. Coinfusion of dexamethasone and oxaliplatin could potentially reduce the incidence of these reactions, but oxaliplatin is reported to be incompatible with alkaline compounds in solution. However, in a previous retrospective study we found that the pH of a solution of dexamethasone and oxaliplatin was less than 7.4, and that hypersensitivity to oxaliplatin could have been prevented by coinfusion of dexamethasone. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of coinfusion of dexamethasone and oxaliplatin to prevent oxaliplatin-induced hypersensitivity reactions.Patients and methods: The AVOID trial was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm Phase II trial conducted from January to September 2013. The study included 73 patients who received capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX or XELOX plus bevacizumab therapy for colorectal cancer. In all patients, oxaliplatin was administered in combination with dexamethasone. The primary outcome measure was the presence of

  18. Experimental Analysis on the Influence Factors of Ice's Thermal Conductivity%雨凇冰层热导率影响因素的试验分析

    蒋兴良; 陈凌; 赵阳; 肖丹华; 巢亚锋; 毕茂强


    冰层的导热率是电网覆冰及融冰机理研究中的一个关键参数,它表征了冰层传热的快慢从而决定了覆冰及融冰的速度。因此,冰层的导热率是预测覆冰增长、合理选定融冰电流及确定融冰时间的基础。在当前的覆冰及融冰研究中,当覆冰密度较小时导热率的选取主要依据Abels、Jason、Devaux、Yoshida等人提出的经验公式,当覆冰密度较大时主要采用纯冰的导热率。但是在不同地区不同时间的覆冰中,冻结温度及冻结水的电导率各不相同,然而目前几乎没有关于冻结温度及冻结水电导率对覆冰导热率影响的研究。为填补此一空白,基于瞬态热针法%The thermal conductivity of ice is the basis to predict accretionj to choose reasonable lce-memng current and to predict the ice-melting time. Consequently, the thermal conductivity of ice is selected from empirical equa- tions given by Abels, Jason, Devaux and Yoshida when the ice density is low, and it is selected as the pure iceI s thermal conductivity when the ice density is higher. The freezing temperature and freezing Water' s electric conduc- tivity are different in icing events occurring at different areas and different time. We experimentally studied the effect of freezing temperature and freezing water's electric conductivity on thermal conductivity of ice, on the basis of the transient hot probe method. The results show that the thermal conductivity of ice increases and decreases with the decrease of freezing temperature and increase of freezing water's electric conductivity; the higher the freezing tem- perature is, the greater influence of freezing water's electric conductivity on thermal conductivity is; the glaze in na- ture is greatly influenced by freezing water's electric conductivity.

  19. A comparison between wet canopy evaporation estimated by stable isotope ratios of water and canopy interception measured by water balance

    Murakami, Shigeki; Hattori, Shohei; Uemura, Ryu


    Some papers proved that canopy interception is proportional to rainfall not only on a rain event basis but also on an hourly basis (e.g. Murakami, 2006, J. Hydrol.; Saito et al., 2013, J. Hydrol.). However, theoretically, evaporation does not depend on rainfall amount. These results are enigmatic and we need to reevaluate wet canopy evaporation. We measured gross rainfall and net rainfall in a plastic Christmas tree stand with a height of 165 cm placed on a 180-cm square tray as described in Murakami and Toba (2013, Hydrol. Res. Lett.). The measurement was conducted outside under natural rainfall. We also estimated wet canopy evaporation using stable isotope ratios of water. During a rain event, we manually sampled gross and net rainwater on an hourly basis. Evaporation was calculated using the difference between the δ18O (or δ2H) values in gross and net rainfall using isotope fractionation factor. Total gross rainfall in a target rain event in October, 2014, was 28.0 mm and net rainfall (discharge from the tray) was 22.7 mm, i.e. canopy interception was 5.3 mm (18.9% of gross rainfall). The δ18O (or δ2H) value in net rainfall was higher than that in gross rainfall because of fractionation by evaporation on wet canopy surface. Hourly evaporation calculated by the values of δ18O varied from 2% to 24% of gross rainfall, and the weighted average by hourly gross rainfall was 5.2% of gross rainfall. Further, we estimated rainfall interception using a tank model (Yoshida et al., 1993) assuming constant evaporation rate, i.e. 20% of gross rainfall. Total net rainfall calculated by the model was 23.1 mm, i.e. calculated canopy interception was 4.9 mm (17.5% of gross rainfall). Then, keeping the parameters of the model, we simulated net rainfall using hourly surface evaporation obtained by the δ18O values. Calculated net rainfall was 25.6 mm, i.e. wet canopy evaporation was only 2.4 mm (8.6% of gross rainfall). So far, possible explanation of the discrepancy between

  20. Role of the Vision Van, a mobile ophthalmic outpatient clinic, in the Great East Japan Earthquake

    Yuki K


    Full Text Available Kenya Yuki,1 Toru Nakazawa,2 Daijiro Kurosaka,3 Tsunehiko Yoshida,4–6 Eduardo C Alfonso,7 Richard K Lee,7 Shigeru Takano,8 Kazuo Tsubota1 1Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Iwate Medical University, Iwate, Japan; 4The House of Representatives of Japan, Tokyo, Japan; 5Nagoya University Hospital, Aichi, Japan; 6Aichi Medical University Hospital, Aichi, Japan; 7Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA; 8Japan Ophthalmological Association, Tokyo, Japan Purpose: The Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011 triggered powerful tsunami waves off the northeastern Pacific coast of Japan that destroyed almost all of the built-up areas along the coast. The study reported here examined the role played by the Vision Van, a mobile outpatient ophthalmological clinic, in providing eye care to disaster evacuees. Methods: This was a retrospective case-series study of 2,070 victims (male: 732, female: 1,338 who visited the Vision Van. The subjects' medical records were examined retrospectively and analyzed in terms of age, sex, and date of visit to the Vision Van. Information regarding each patient's chief complaint, diagnosis, medication(s prescribed, and eyeglasses and contact lenses provided, was also examined. Results: The Vision Van was used to conduct medical examinations on 39 days between April 23 and June 29, 2011. The average number of subjects visiting the Vision Van each day was 53±31 (range: 7–135, with examinations carried out in Miyagi Prefecture and Iwate Prefecture. The most frequent complaint was a need for eye drops (871/2,070 [42.1%]. The second and third most frequent complaints, respectively, were the need for contact lenses (294/2,070 [14.2%] and eyeglasses (280/2,070 [13.5%]. The most frequent ocular disease diagnosis

  1. Type I interferon receptor in peripheral blood mononuclear cells may predict response to intra-arterial 5-fluorouracil + interferon therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

    Korenaga K


    Full Text Available Yasuyuki Tomiyama1, Naoko Yoshioka1, Yoshiaki Yanai2,3, Tomoya Kawase1, Sohji Nishina1, Yuichi Hara1, Koji Yoshida1, Keiko Korenaga1, Masaaki Korenaga1, Keisuke Hino11Department of Hepatology and Pancreatology, Kawasaki Medical University, Kurashiki, Japan; 2Institute of Fujisaki, Hayashibara Biochemical Lab Inc, Okayama, Japan; 3Pharmaceutical Marketing Division, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co Ltd, Tokyo, JapanBackground: Type 1 interferon alpha receptor 2 (IFNAR2 in the liver has been reported to be a predictive factor for the response to intra-arterial 5-fluorouracil (5-FU + systemic interferon (IFN-alpha combination therapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. We tested whether IFNAR2 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells could predict the response to 5-FU + IFN.Methods: Predictive factors for survival and response to therapy were determined in 30 patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent treatment with 5-FU + IFN. IFNAR2 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was measured in 11 of the 30 patients.Results: With a mean number of 4.2 courses of combination therapy, one patient (3% showed a complete response, eight (27% showed partial responses, 13 (43% had stable disease, and eight (27% showed progressive disease. The median survival time of responders (complete response/partial response was 12.7 months and that of nonresponders (stable disease/progressive disease was 7.5 months. The one-year and two-year cumulative survival rates of responders and nonresponders were 87/69% and 40/11%, respectively (P = 0.019. Multivariate analysis identified response to therapy (P = 0.037 as the sole independent determinant of survival. The expression level of IFNAR2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was significantly (P = 0.012 higher in responders (6.5 ± 2.4 than in nonresponders (2.4 ± 0.6, even though no clinical factors were identified as being associated with the response to the combination

  2. 光呼吸和谷氨酰胺合成酶抑制剂对水稻冠层NH3挥发的影响%Effects on Ammonia Volatilization from Shoot of Rice by Inhibitor

    陈明霞; 周彩云; 李明军; 崔克辉; 聂立孝; 黄见良


    Pot experiments were conducted using Yoshida culture solution with two rice varieties (Wuyujing-3 and Yangdao-6) to study the effects of glutamine synthetase inhibitor methionine sulfoximine (MSO) and photorespiration inhibitor isonicotinyl hydrazine (INH) on the ammonia volatilization rate ( AVR), photorespiration rate (Pr) and glutamine synthetase (GS) activity in rice. The results showed that: ( 1 ) MSO decreased the Pn, but increased the Pr in the flag leaf;INH decreased the Pr significantly and Pn slightly. (2)MSO decreased GS activity,which promoted an increase in AVR in rice canopy. INH showed a slightly positive effect on the decrease in AVR. (3) Based on the comparison between the two tested varieties, the higher AVR variety (Yangdao-6) showed greater GS activity and lower Pr than those of the lower AVR variety (Wuyujing-3).%在营养液培养条件下,对两个不同氮效率基因型水稻品种扬稻6号和武育粳3号采用光呼吸抑制剂异烟肼(INH)和谷氨酰胺合成酶(GS)抑制剂蛋氨酸亚砜亚胺(MSO)处理,研究其对水稻光合速率、光呼吸速率、GS酶活性及冠层的NH3挥发速率的影响.结果发现:(1)MSO导致剑叶光合速率下降,光呼吸速率升高;INH导致光呼吸速率显著下降,同时一定程度上引起光合速率降低.(2)MSO处理显著降低了GS酶活性,相应地引起NH3挥发速率增加;INH在一定程度上导致NH3挥发速率降低.(3)扬稻6号NH3挥发速率比武育粳3号低的生理原因是光呼吸速率较低和GS酶活性较高.

  3. Relationship between severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and schizotypy in obsessive-compulsive disorder

    Yamamoto H


    Full Text Available Haruka Yamamoto,1 Hideto Tsuchida,1 Takashi Nakamae,1 Seiji Nishida,1 Yuki Sakai,1 Akihito Fujimori,1 Jin Narumoto,1 Yoshihisa Wada,1 Takafumi Yoshida,2 Chiaki Taga,3 Kenji Fukui11Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan; 2Kyoto Cognitive Behavior Therapy Counseling Room, Kyoto, Japan; 3Department of Psychiatry, Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital, Kyoto, JapanPurpose: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD patients exhibit a noninhibition response pattern very similar to that observed in schizotypy patients in cognitive tasks. It has been suggested that the reduced cognitive inhibition observed in both schizotypy and OCD may result in the frequent entry into awareness of unacceptable urges and intrusive thoughts. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the severity of obsession or compulsion and schizotypy in OCD.Patients and methods: Sixty subjects (25 males and 35 females who were OCD outpatients in the University Hospital at the Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine during the period 2008–2010 were enrolled in the study. Assessments of these patients were made using the Yale–Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS, the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D, and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A. The Pearson correlation coefficients between Y-BOCS and SPQ scores were calculated. Furthermore, hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to assess whether schizotypy predicted the severity of obsession and compulsion.Results: By calculating the Pearson correlation coefficient, it was found that the Y-BOCS obsession score, not the Y-BOCS compulsion score, was correlated with the SPQ total score. Results of the hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis showed that SPQ total score was a significant predictor of the Y-BOCS obsession score, after accounting for control

  4. EDITORIAL: STAM celebrates its 10th anniversary STAM celebrates its 10th anniversary

    Ushioda, Sukekatsu


    I would like to extend my warmest greetings to the readers and staff of Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (STAM), on the occasion of its 10th anniversary. Launched in 2000, STAM marks this year an important milestone in its history. This is a great occasion to celebrate. STAM was founded by Tsuyoshi Masumoto in collaboration with Teruo Kishi and Toyonobu Yoshida as a world-class resource for the materials science community. It was initially supported by several materials research societies and was published as a regular peer-reviewed journal. Significant changes occurred in 2008, when the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) became solely responsible for all the costs of maintaining the journal. STAM was transformed into an open-access journal published by NIMS in partnership with IOP Publishing. As a result, the publication charges were waived and the entire STAM content, including all back issues, became freely accessible through the IOP Publishing website. The transition has made STAM more competitive and successful in global publication communities, with innovative ideas and approaches. The journal has also changed its publication strategy, aiming to publish a limited number of high-quality articles covering the frontiers of materials science. Special emphasis has been placed on reviews and focus issues, providing recent summaries of hot materials science topics. Publication has become electronic only; however, selected issues are printed and freely distributed at major international scientific events. The Editorial Board has been expanded to include leading experts from all over the world and, together with the Editorial Office, the board members are doing their best to transform STAM into a leading materials science journal. These efforts are paying off, as shown by the rapidly increasing number of article downloads and citations in 2009. I believe that the STAM audience can not only deepen their knowledge in their own specialties but

  5. PREFACE: International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2009)

    Müller, Herbert; Reissner, Michael; Steiner, Walter; Wiesinger, Günter


    . The positive atmosphere, the high attendance in the sessions and the lively discussions made the conference a great success and a memorable event. It was pointed out, that Mössbauer spectroscopy is still an interesting and powerful method with great opportunities in the future. Herbert Müller (Secretary) Michael Reissner (Chairman) This book is dedicated to our colleagues Nicol Malcom, who could not come, because he suddenly died a few weeks in advance to the conference and Hercilio Rechenberg, who died on his way home from Vienna. Conference photograph Conference Organisation Local Organizing Committee Reissner Michael (Chairman)Müller Herbert (Conference Secretary) Amthauer Georg Lottermoser WernerSteiner Walter Bauer Ernst Michor Herwig Vogl Gero Bühler-Paschen Silke Müller Martin Waas Monika Grodzicki Michael Redhammer Günther Wiesinger Günter Grössinger Roland Sassik Herbert Hilscher Gerfried Sepiol Bogdan International Programme Committee Amthauer Georg Gütlich Philipp Steiner Walter Baggio-Saitovich Elisa Litterst Fred Jochen Trautwein Alfred Xaver Berry Frank Long Gary Vogl Gero Felner Israel Nagy Denes Lajos Yoshida Yutaka Greneche Jean-Marc Rüffer Rudolf International Advisory Board Alp E ErcanGénin Jean-Marie Baggio-Saitovitch Elisa Greneche Jean-Marc Miglierini Marcel Balogh Judit Grodzicki Michael Musić Svetozar Bender Koch Christian Gütlich Philipp Nagy Dénes Lajos Berry Frank Häggström Lennart Nishida Tetsuaki Brown Dennis Hanzel Darko Pérez Alcázar German Campbell Stewart Hassaan Mohamed Yousri Rüffer Rudolf Carbucicchio Massimo Jumas Jean-Claude Ryan Dominic H Croci Simonetta Kadyrzhanov Kariat Sanchez Francisco Di Naili Katila Toivo Schünemann Volker Elzain Mohamed Kim Chul Sung Stanek Jan Fabris José Domingos Klingelhöfer Göstar Stevens John Felner Israel Langouche Guido Suzdalev Igor P Fern George R Lyubutin Igor S Szymanski Krzysztof Forder Sue D Marco Jose F Waanders Frans Gajbhiye Nandeo Mašlaň Miroslav Yoshida Yutaka

  6. [Merits of acquiring ISO15189 accreditation].

    Kitagawa, Masami


    documents, leading to successful results. The staffs consciousness has also change. I feel that they try to manage samples from blood collection until reporting laboratory data and interpret laboratory findings strictly. With ISO9001 and ISO14001 activities in our corporation, improvements in consciousness and service have increased the number of patients. Although items other than ISO also improved, ISO played an important role. We could participate in an international collaborative study, "Regional Difference in Laboratory Data and Establishment of Common Reference Ranges", which was mainly designed by Prof. Ichihara, Medical Research Department, Yamaguchi University Graduate School. This also resulted from ISO15189 acquisition. Furthermore, the Japanese Society of "Ningen-Dock" selected Dr. Yoshida, the chairman of the board of directors in our corporation, as a chairman of a meeting that will be held by this society in Asahikawa in 2010 as a result of ISO15189 acquisition by the Clinical Examination Section of our hospital, that is, high-level consciousness. It may be the first case for a middle-/small-scale general hospital to lead a meeting held by such a prestigious society. Thus, I have introduced the merits of ISO15189 acquisition. I hope that our experience will contribute to future ISO activities.

  7. Effects of aging, aphasia, and Parkinson’s disease on the time course of lemma selection during sentence production: evidence from eyetracking

    Jiyeon Lee


    Full Text Available Sentence production involves intricate coordination of planning and speaking. In the word-by-word incremental model, speakers start their speech upon preparing a single lemma, taxing the pre-speech memory buffer minimally (deSmedt, 1990; Griffin, 2001; Kempen & Hoenkamp, 1987. Alternatively, speakers may prepare multiple words in advance, such as up to the verb (Ferreria, 2000; Lindsley, 1975 or the entire clause (Garret, 1982; Ford, 1982 to avoid producing disfluencies and momentary word retrieval difficulties during speech. Sentence production in young healthy speakers is largely incremental, with some strategic flexibility (Ferreira & Swets, 2000; Schriefers et al., 1998. However, how the time course of lexical selection during sentence production is affected in speakers with reduced cognitive-linguistic capacity remains unclear. The present study examined the effects of aging, aphasia, and Parkinson’s disease (PD on the time course of lemma selection during sentence production, using eyetracking. Data from a group of 16 young, 14 older, 12 PD, and 12 agrammatic aphasic speakers are reported. Young and aphasic speakers’ data are drawn from Lee, Yoshida, & Thompson (accepted to compare with PD and older speakers’ data. Participants described three object pictures (A, B, C using the sentence frame “the A and the B are above the C” (Griffin, 2001. Each picture’s codability (name agreement was manipulated to be high (clock or low (couch/sofa. Speakers experience increased lemma selection difficulty when naming low codable pictures, resulting in increased gaze durations. Participants’ gaze durations to each picture were measured and aligned with the speech onset of sentences to see ‘when’ each lemma was prepared. Results showed that aphasic and PD speakers produced significantly fewer target sentences than young and older speakers, with this difference pronounced only when sentences included low-codable pictures for the PD group

  8. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Topological Aspects of Critical Systems and Networks

    Yakubo, Kousuke; Amitsuka, Hiroshi; Ishikawa, Goo; Machino, Kazuo; Nakagaki, Toshiyuki; Tanda, Satoshi; Yamada, Hideto; Kichiji, Nozomi


    I. General properties of networks. Physics of network security / Y.-C. Lai, X. Wand and C. H. Lai. Multi-state interacting particle systems on scale-free networks / N. Masuda and N. Konno. Homotopy Reduction of Complex Networks 18 / Y. Hiraoka and T. Ichinomiya. Analysis of the Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible Model on Complex Network / T. Ichinomiya -- II. Complexity in social science. Innovation and Development in a Random Lattice / J. Lahtinen. Long-tailed distributions in biological systems: revisit to Lognormals / N. Kobayashi ... [et al.]. Two-class structure of income distribution in the USA:exponential bulk and power-law tail / V. M. Yakovenko and A. Christian Silva. Power Law distributions in two community currencies / N. Kichiji and M. Nishibe -- III. Patterns in biological objects. Stoichiometric network analysis of nonlinear phenomena in rection mechanism for TWC converters / M. Marek ... [et al.]. Collective movement and morphogenesis of epithelial cells / H. Haga and K. Kawabata. Indecisive behavior of amoeba crossing an environmental barrier / S. Takagi ... [et al.]. Effects of amount of food on path selection in the transport network of an amoeboid organism / T. Nakagaki ... [et al.]. Light scattering study in double network gels / M. Fukunaya ... [et al.].Blood flow velocity in the choroid in punctate inner choroidopathy and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease; amd multifractal analysis of choroidal blood flow in age-related macular degeneration / K. Yoshida ... [et al.]. Topological analysis of placental arteries: correlation with neonatal growth / H. Yamada and K. Yakubo -- IV. Criticality in pure and applied physics. Droplets in Disordered Metallic Quantum Critical Systems / A. H. Castro Neto and B. A. Jones. Importance of static disorder and inhomogeneous cooperative dynamics in heavy-fermion metals / O. O. Bernal. Competition between spin glass and Antiferromagnetic phases in heavy fermion materials / S. Sullow. Emergent Phases via Fermi surface

  9. The relationship between luminosity of sprite halo and charge moment change based on ISUAL and ELF measurements

    Nakajo, Hiroshi; Takahashi, Yukihiro; Hiromi, Kase; Adachi, Toru; Sato, Mitsuteru; Yamashita, Kozo

    Sprite is a transient luminous phenomenon in the mesosphere, induced by lightning discharges. We have known the facts that there are some varieties of features, such as sprite-streamers with fine-structures and sprite-halos with pancake-structures. However, due to the atmospheric ab-sorption and scattering, it is difficult to discuss its luminous intensity quantitatively. After 2004, the beginning of optical observations with ISUAL/FORMOSAT-2 from space, the abso-lute luminosity of sprite became to be discussed. There is a compelling theory which predicts that sprite occurrence is dependent on the quasi-electrostatic field induced by lightning. In such a case, it is speculated that the intensity of the sprite emission should have a relationship to the charge moment of the parent lightning because the strength of the electric field is propor-tional to the charge moment of lightning. By Yoshida (2007), absolute optical energies emitted from sprites were estimated for 14 streamer type sprites, using ISUAL/Array photometer data. Furthermore, the optical energies of the streamer type sprites and the charge moments of their parent lightning estimated by ELF data show high correlation (correlation coefficient = 0.93). However, the relationship between the optical energies of sprite-halos and the charge moments of their parent lightning is still unknown. In this study, we analyze 12 sprite-halos, using ISUAL/Array photometer data and ELF data from July 2004 to October 2005. The ISUAL in-strument on board the FORMOSAT-2 satellite, which flies on a sun-synchronous (9:30 to 21:30 local time) polar-orbit at an altitude of 891 km, consists of an imager, a spectrophotometer (SP), and an array photometer (AP). It looks at the limb in the midnight direction. The AP consists of two multi-channel photometers simultaneously measuring two different wavelength ranges of 510-750 nm (N2 1PG) and 340-480 nm (N2 2PG) with blue and red filters, respec-tively. Each photometer has sixteen

  10. A survey of the spider family Nesticidae (Arachnida, Araneae) in Asia and Madagascar, with the description of forty-three new species

    Lin, Yucheng; Ballarin, Francesco; Li, Shuqiang


    ♀), Pseudonesticus dafangensis sp. n. (♂♀), Pseudonesticus miao sp. n. (♂♀), Pseudonesticus spinosus sp. n. (♂♀), Pseudonesticus wumengensis sp. n. (♀), Pseudonesticus ziyunensis sp. n. (♂♀). Nesticella inthanoni (Lehtinen & Saaristo, 1980), syn. n. is synonymised with Nesticella mollicula (Thorell, 1898); Nesticella taiwan Tso & Yoshida, 2000, syn. n. is synonymised with Nesticella odonta (Chen, 1984). The female of Nesticella connectens Wunderlich, 1995, so far unknown, is described and recorded from Thailand. Nesticidae are reported from Madagascar for the first time. Nesticella nepalensis (Hubert, 1973) is recorded for the first time from China. Types of Nesticella odonta (Chen, 1984), Nesticella songi Chen & Zhu, 2004 and Nesticella yui Wunderlich & Song, 1995 are re-examined and photographed. The entire genus Nesticella is reviewed, and four species groups are recognised. DNA barcodes of the new species are obtained to confirm their correct identifications. PMID:27895525

  11. Relations between overturning length scales at the Spanish planetary boundary layer

    López, Pilar; Cano, José L.


    We analyze the behavior of the maximum Thorpe displacement (dT)max and the Thorpe scale LTat the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL), extending previous research with new data and improving our studies related to the novel use of the Thorpe method applied to ABL. The maximum Thorpe displacements vary between -900 m and 950 m for the different field campaigns. The maximum Thorpe displacement is always greater under convective conditions than under stable ones, independently of its sign. The Thorpe scale LT ranges between 0.2 m and 680 m for the different data sets which cover different stratified mixing conditions (turbulence shear-driven and convective regions). The Thorpe scale does not exceed several tens of meters under stable and neutral stratification conditions related to instantaneous density gradients. In contrast, under convective conditions, Thorpe scales are relatively large, they exceed hundreds of meters which may be related to convective bursts. We analyze the relation between (dT)max and the Thorpe scale LT and we deduce that they verify a power law. We also deduce that there is a difference in exponents of the power laws for convective conditions and shear-driven conditions. These different power laws could identify overturns created under different mechanisms. References Cuxart, J., Yagüe, C., Morales, G., Terradellas, E., Orbe, J., Calvo, J., Fernández, A., Soler, M., Infante, C., Buenestado, P., Espinalt, Joergensen, H., Rees, J., Vilà, J., Redondo, J., Cantalapiedra, I. and Conangla, L.: Stable atmospheric boundary-layer experiment in Spain (Sables 98). A report, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 96, 337-370, 2000. Dillon, T. M.: Vertical Overturns: A Comparison of Thorpe and Ozmidov Length Scales, J. Geophys. Res., 87(C12), 9601-9613, 1982. Itsweire, E. C.: Measurements of vertical overturns in stably stratified turbulent flow, Phys. Fluids, 27(4), 764-766, 1984. Kitade, Y., Matsuyama, M. and Yoshida, J.: Distribution of overturn induced by internal

  12. The UHP metamorphic Seve Nappe Complex of the Swedish Caledonides - a new occurrence of the microdiamond-bearing gneisses and their exhumation

    Klonowska, Iwona; Janák, Marian; Majka, Jarosław; ‎ Froitzheim, Nikolaus; Gee, David G.


    subduction systems to depths exceeding 100 km. It was proposed that the diamond-bearing continental rocks were subducted in an arc-continent collision setting and exhumed together with garnet peridotites (incorporated from the lower plate) of sub-Baltic Shield affinity (Brueckner et al., 2004). In this model, the exhumation is mostly driven by the local reduction of pressure as a result of the extraction of forearc lithosphere and leading to the rise of the subducted Seve rocks. Brueckner H.K., van Roermund H.L.M. & Pearson N., 2004. Journal of Petrology, 45, 415-437. Janák M., Van Roermund H.L.M., Majka J. & Gee D.G., 2013. Gondwana Research, 23, 865-879. Klonowska I., Majka J., Janák M., Gee D.G. & Ladenberger A., 2014a. In: Corfu F., Gasser D. & Chew D. M. (eds) New Perspectives on the Caledonides of Scandinavia and Related Areas. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 390, 321-336. Klonowska I., Janák M., Majka J., & Kośmińska K., 2014b. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 16, EGU2014-6440-2. Majka J., Rosén Å., Janák M., Froitzheim N., Klonowska I., Manecki M., Sasinková V. & Yoshida K., 2014. Geology, 42, 1107-1110, doi:10.1130

  13. Structural prediction in aphasia

    Tessa Warren


    Full Text Available There is considerable evidence that young healthy comprehenders predict the structure of upcoming material, and that their processing is facilitated when they encounter material matching those predictions (e.g., Staub & Clifton, 2006; Yoshida, Dickey & Sturt, 2013. However, less is known about structural prediction in aphasia. There is evidence that lexical prediction may be spared in aphasia (Dickey et al., 2014; Love & Webb, 1977; cf. Mack et al, 2013. However, predictive mechanisms supporting facilitated lexical access may not necessarily support structural facilitation. Given that many people with aphasia (PWA exhibit syntactic deficits (e.g. Goodglass, 1993, PWA with such impairments may not engage in structural prediction. However, recent evidence suggests that some PWA may indeed predict upcoming structure (Hanne, Burchert, De Bleser, & Vashishth, 2015. Hanne et al. tracked the eyes of PWA (n=8 with sentence-comprehension deficits while they listened to reversible subject-verb-object (SVO and object-verb-subject (OVS sentences in German, in a sentence-picture matching task. Hanne et al. manipulated case and number marking to disambiguate the sentences’ structure. Gazes to an OVS or SVO picture during the unfolding of a sentence were assumed to indicate prediction of the structure congruent with that picture. According to this measure, the PWA’s structural prediction was impaired compared to controls, but they did successfully predict upcoming structure when morphosyntactic cues were strong and unambiguous. Hanne et al.’s visual-world evidence is suggestive, but their forced-choice sentence-picture matching task places tight constraints on possible structural predictions. Clearer evidence of structural prediction would come from paradigms where the content of upcoming material is not as constrained. The current study used self-paced reading study to examine structural prediction among PWA in less constrained contexts. PWA (n=17 who

  14. Study design and patient recruitment for the Japan Polyp Study

    Sano Y


    Full Text Available Yasushi Sano,1,2 Takahiro Fujii,3,4 Takahisa Matsuda,3 Yasushi Oda,5,6 Shin'ei Kudo,7 Masahiro Igarashi,8 Hiroyasu Iishi,9 Kazuhiro Kaneko,1,10 Kinichi Hotta,3,11,12 Nozomu Kobayashi,3,13 Yuichiro Yamaguchi,12 Kiyonori Kobayashi,8 Hideki Ishikawa,14 Yoshitaka Murakami,15 Tadakazu Shimoda,16 Takahiro Fujimori,17 Yoichi Ajioka,18 Hirokazu Taniguchi,16 Hiroaki Ikematsu,1,3 Kazuo Konishi,10 Yutaka Saito,3 Shigeaki Yoshida1,19 1Department of Gastroenterology, Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, 2Gastrointestinal Center and Institute of Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Care (iMEC, Sano Hospital, Kobe, 3Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, 4Takahiro Fujii Clinic, Tokyo, 5Hattori GI Endoscopy and Gastroenterology Clinic, Kumamoto, 6Oda GI Endoscopy and Gastroenterology Clinic, Kumamoto, 7Digestive Disease Center, Showa University Northern Yokohama Hospital, Yokohama, 8Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University East Hospital, Sagamihara, 9Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Osaka, 10Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 11Department of Gastroenterology, Saku Central Hospital, Saku, 12Division of Endoscopy, Shizuoka Cancer Center, Mishima, 13Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Tochigi Cancer Center, Utsunomiya, 14Department of Molecular-Targeting Cancer Prevention, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, 15Department of Medical Statistics, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, 16Pathology and Clinical Laboratory Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, 17Department of Surgical and Molecular Pathology, Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine, Mibu, 18Division of Molecular and Diagnostic Pathology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, 19Aomori Prefectural Hospital, Aomori


    SONG; Wen-gang


    [1]Meyer Zum Buschenfelde C, Cramer S, Trumpfheller C, et al. Trypanosoma cruzi induces strong IL-12 and IL-18 gene expression in vivo: correlation with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production [J]. Clin Exp Immunol 1997; 110:378.[2]Tominaga K, Yoshimoto T, Torigoe K, et al. IL-12 synergizes with IL-18 or IL-1beta for IFN-gamma production from human T cells [J]. Int Immunol 2000; 12:151.[3]Takeda K, Tsutsui H, Yoshimoto T, et al. Defective NK cell activity and Th1 response in IL-18-deficient mice [J]. Immunity 1998; 8:383.[4]Tomura M, Zhou XY, Maruo S, et al. A critical role for IL-18 in the proliferation and activation of NK1.1+ CD3- cells [J]. J Immunol 1998; 160:4738.[5]Okamura H, Kashiwamura S, Tsutsui H, et al. Regulation of interferon-gamma production by IL-12 and IL-18 [J]. Curr Opin Immunol 1998; 10:259.[6]Osaki T, Hashimoto W, Gambotto A, et al. Potent antitumor effects mediated by local expression of the mature form of the interferon-gamma inducing factor, interleukin-18 (IL-18) [J]. Gene Ther 1999; 6:808.[7]Dinarello CA. IL-18: A TH1-inducing, proinflammatory cytokine and new member of the IL-1 family [J]. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999; 103:11.[8]Matsui K, Yoshimoto T, Tsutsui H, et al. Propionibacterium acnes treatment diminishes CD4+ NK1.1+ T cells but induces type I T cells in the liver by induction of IL-12 and IL-18 production from Kupffer cells [J]. J Immunol 1997; 159:97.[9]Akira S. The role of IL-18 in innate immunity [J]. Curr Opin Immunol 2000; 12:59.[10]Lauwerys BR, Garot N, Renauld JC, et al. Cytokine production and killer activity of NK/T-NK cells derived with IL-2, IL-15, or the combination of IL-12 and IL-18 [J]. J Immunol 2000; 165:1847.[11]Micallef MJ, Yoshida K, Kawai S, et al. In vivo antitumor effects of murine interferon-gamma-inducing factor/interleukin-18 in mice bearing syngeneic Meth A sarcoma malignant ascites [J]. Cancer Immunol Immunother 1997; 43:361.[12]Micallef MJ, Tanimoto T

  16. High-level activities of daily living and disease-specific mortality during a 12-year follow-up of an octogenarian population

    Takata Y


    Full Text Available Yutaka Takata,1 Toshihiro Ansai,2 Inho Soh,2 Shuji Awano,2 Ikuo Nakamichi,1 Sumio Akifusa,3 Kenichi Goto,1 Akihiro Yoshida,2 Hiroki Fujii,1 Ritsuko Fujisawa,1 Kazuo Sonoki31Division of General Internal Medicine, 2Division of Community Oral Health Science, 3Department of Oral Health and Environment, School of Oral Health Science, Kyushu Dental University, Kitakyushu, JapanBackground: Little is known about the relationship between disease-specific mortality and high-level activities of daily living in the elderly. We examined whether mortality is associated with high-level activities of daily living in an octogenarian population.Methods: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional and prospective cohort study in 693 older persons aged 80 years and living in Japan’s Fukuoka Prefecture. We then evaluated the association between 12-year disease-specific mortality and high-level functional capacity as measured by the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Index of Competence, which is a standardized multidimensional 13-item instrument; items 1 through 5 are classified as instrumental self-maintenance activity, items 6 through 9 as intellectual activity, items 10 through 13 as social roles activity, and all 13 items together yield total functional capacity.Results: By the 12-year follow-up of the 693 participants, 413 had died, 242 survived, and 38 were unable to be located. Of the 413 who died, 105 died of cardiovascular disease, 73 of respiratory tract disease, 71 of cancer, and 39 of senility. Of the other 125 deaths, 59 were due to other diseases, and the cause of death for 66 participants is not known. The hazard ratio (HR for all-cause mortality, adjusted for confounding factors with multivariate Cox analyses, fell by 6% (HR 0.937, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.899–0.978, P = 0.003 with each one-point increase in participants’ scores on the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Index of total functional capacity. With one

  17. Nuclear Fusion Award 2010 speech Nuclear Fusion Award 2010 speech

    Rice, John


    Alex Ince-Cushman, John deGrassie, Lars-Goran Eriksson, Yoshiteru Sakamoto, Andrea Scarabosio and Yuri Podpaly, as well as the other coauthors. I would like to express my sincere appreciation to Earl Marmar, Martin Greenwald and Miklos Porkolab at MIT for continued support of this work, as well as to the entire C-Mod team. This award was made possible due to the insight of Mitsuru Kikuchi and the support of the IAEA through Werner Burkhart, and I am truly grateful to both of them. Many thanks as well to the outstanding staff at Nuclear Fusion. It is a distinct honor to be included in the group of previous winners: Tim Luce, Clemente Angioni, Todd Evans and Steve Sabbagh. It is also a great honor to be considered alongside the 2010 nominees: Phil Snyder, Sibylle Guenter, Maiko Yoshida, Hajime Urano, Fulvio Zonca, Erik Garcia, Costanza Maggi, Hartmut Zohm, Thierry Loarer and Bruce Lipschultz. Finally, I would like to thank the readers of Nuclear Fusion for the many citations. John Rice 2010 Nuclear Fusion Award winner Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA

  18. On the detection of strong emissions of methane in the Arctic using spectral measurements from IASI and GOSAT

    Bourakkadi, Zakia; Payan, Sébastien; Bureau, Jérôme


    accurate algorithm will be used next to perform an accurate retrieval of methane vertical column. References [1] N. Shakhova, I. Semiletov, A. Salyuk, V. Yusupov, D. Kosmach, O.Gustafsson.: Extensive Methane venting to the atmosphere from sediments of the East Siberian Arctic shelf, SCIENCE 5 March 2010, Vol 327. [2] K. Negandhi, I. Laurion, M. J. Whiticar, P. E. Galand, X. X. Connie Lovejoy.: Small thaw ponds: An unaccounted source of methane in the canadian high Arctic, PLOS ONE november 2013/ vol 8/issue 11/e78204. [3] J. T. Crawford, R. G. Striegl, K. P. Wickland, M . Dornblaser, and E. Stanley.: Emissions of carbon dioxide and methane from a headwater stream network of interior Alaska, Journal of Giophysical Recherch : Biogeosciences, VOL, 118, 482-494, doi:10.1002/jgrg,20034, 2013. [4] A. Razavi, C. Clerbaux, C. Wespes, L. Clarisse, D. Hurtmans, S. Payan, C. Camy-Peyret and P.F. Coheur.: Characterization of methane retrievals from the IASI space-borne sounder , Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9,7889-7899, 2009. [5] C. Clerbaux, A. Boynard, L. Clarisse, M. George, J. Hadji-Lazaro, H. Herbin, D. Hurtmans, M. Pommier, A. Razavi, S. Turquety, C. Wespes and P.-F. Coheur.: Monitoring of atmospheric composition using the thermal infrared IASI/MetOp sounder, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6041-6054, 2009. [6] T . Yokota, Y. Yoshida, N. Eguchi, Y. Ota, T. Tanaka, H. Watanabe and S. Makasyutov.: Global concentrations of CO2 and CH4 retrieved from GOSAT : First Preliminary Results, SOLA, 2009, Vol. 5, 160-163, doi:10.2151/sola.2009-041.

  19. Feasibility experiment for Active Monitoring of Inter-plate Coupling in Tokai region. ---A dense array measurement---

    Watanabe, T.; Ikuta, R.; Soma, T.; Saiga, A.; Miyajima, R.; Fujii, N.; Yamaoka, K.; Tsuruga, K.; Kunitomo, T.; Hasada, Y.; Kasahara, J.; Kumazawa, M.; Satomura, M.


    We carried out a long-distance seismic monitoring experiment using ACROSS (Accurately Controlled and Routinely Operated Signal System) for 10 months starting from the end of 2004 in Tokai region central Japan. In this experiment, we attempted to detect reflected phases from the top surface of the subducting Philippine Sea plate and to detect their temporal changes. In the Tokai region, a seismic survey was conducted in 2001. A strong reflected phase was detected and was interpreted as a reflection from the boundary between subducting and overriding plate [Iidaka, 2003]. Yoshida et al. [2004] analyzed the ACROSS signal received by a nationwide seismic network (Hi-net) and identified several phases which may include the direct waves and reflected phases from the plate boundary. The aim of our research is to confirm the reflected phases and also to detect temporal changes in properties of them. The ACROSS source was continuously operated in Toki City, Gifu prefecture by Tono Geoscience Center. The frequency-modulated signal with frequency band from10 to 20 Hz was precisely repeated with an interval of 50 seconds. As the rotation direction of the source reverses once per hour, we can synthesize linear vibration in any direction. Seismometers were deployed on a survey line between 40 and 70 km distance to the southeast from the source. We also deployed an array consisted by 12 seismometers having 2km aperture at 55 km away from the source on the survey line. We acquired seismograms with the array and stacked to improve S/N ratio. In ACROSS data analysis, we can estimate the errors of the received signals quantitatively in the frequency domain. We stacked the received signals weighted by inverse of the estimated errors in order to reduce the effect of the incidental noises such as earthquakes. We converted the stacked spectral signals into a frequency response by dividing them by the source spectra. Through applying an inverse Fourier transform to the frequency response

  20. Alteration of Organic Compounds in Small Bodies and Cosmic Dusts by Cosmic Rays and Solar Radiation

    Kobayashi, Kensei; Kaneko, Takeo; Mita, Hajime; Obayashi, Yumiko; Takahashi, Jun-ichi; Sarker, Palash K.; Kawamoto, Yukinori; Okabe, Takuto; Eto, Midori; Kanda, Kazuhiro


    amino acids. Complex amino acid precursors with high molecular weights could be formed in simulated dense cloud environments. They would have been altered in the early solar system by irradiation with soft X-rays from the young Sun, which caused increase of hydrophobicity of the organics of interstellar origin. They were taken up by parent bodies of meteorites or comets, and could have been delivered to the Earth by meteorites, comets and cosmic dusts. Cosmic dusts were so small that they were directly exposed to the solar radiation, which might be critical for the survivability of organics in them. In order to evaluate the roles of space dusts as carriers of bioorganic compounds to the primitive Earth, we are planning the Tanpopo Mission, where collection of cosmic dusts by using ultra low-density aerogel, and exposure of amino acids and their precursors for years are planned by utilizing the Japan Experimental Module / Exposed Facility of the ISS [2]. The mission is now scheduled to start in 2013. We thank Dr. Katsunori Kawasaki of Tokyo Institute of Technology, and Dr. Satoshi Yoshida of National Institute of Radiological Sciences for their help in particles irradiation. We also thank to the members of JAXA Tanpopo Working Group (PI: Prof. Akihiko Yamagishi) for their helpful discussion. [1] K. Kobayashi, et al., in ``Astrobiology: from Simple Molecules to Primitive Life,'' ed. by V. Basiuk, American Scientific Publishers, Valencia, CA, (2010), pp. 175-186. [2] K. Kobayashi, et al., Trans. Jpn. Soc. Aero. Space Sci., in press (2012).

  1. Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy of Childhood; A Case Report

    Mohammad Reza SALEHIOMRAN


    : correlation of MR findings and clinical outcome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2006 Oct; 27(9: 1919-23.8. Mizuguchi M. [Acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood]. Ryoikibetsu Shokogun Shirizu 2000; (30 Pt 5:527-30. Review. Japanese.9. San Millan B, Teijeira S, Penin C, Garcia JL, Navarro C. Acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood: report of a Spanish case. Pediatr Neurol 2007 Dec; 37(6: 438- 41.10. Mizuguchi M, Abe J, Mikkaichi K, Noma S, Yoshida K, Yamanaka T, et al. Acute necrotising encephalopathy of childhood: a new syndrome presenting with multifocal, symmetric brain lesions. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1995 May; 58(5: 555-61.11. Weng WC, Peng SS, Lee WT. Acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood with spinal cord involvement: a case report. J Child Neurol 2010 Dec; 25(12:1539-41.12. Ozawa T, Nakashima Y, Ito R, Hirano A, Kondo T. EEG findings in a case of acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood associated with influenza A virus infection. No To Hattatsu 2001 Jan;33(1:63-8. Japanese.13. Kurachi Y, Kawahara H, Hatakeyama K, Yazawa K, Kubota M, Oka A, et al. Acute necrotizing encephalopathy with horizontal gaze palsy. No To Shinkei 1997 Aug;49(8: 753-8. Japanese.

  2. Progress of Validation of GOSAT Standard Products

    Uchino, Osamu


    Isamu Morino, Tomoaki Tanaka, Yuki Miyamoto, Yukio Yoshida, Tatsuya Yokota, Toshinobu Machida National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan Debra Wunch, Paul Wennberg Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA Geoffrey Toon Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA Thorsten Warneke, Justus Notholt Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany David Griffith, Nicholas Deutscher Department of Chemistry, University of Wollongong, Wollongong New South Wales, Australia Vanessa Sherlock National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Lauder, Central Otago, New Zealand Hidekazu Matsueda, Yousuke Sawa Meteorological Research Institute, 1-1 Nagamine, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0052, Japan Colm Sweeney, Pieter Tans Earth System Research Laboratory, NOAA, Boulder, USA The Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT), launched on 23 January 2009, is the world's first satellite dedicated to measuring the concentrations of the two major greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), from space. The data measured with the Thermal And Near-infrared Sensor for carbon Observation Fourier Transform Spectrometer (TANSO-FTS) and the Cloud and Aerosol Imager (TANSO-CAI) are processed into several types of data products. Column abundances of CO2 and CH4 (TANSO-FTS SWIR L2 data product) are retrieved from the FTS L1B spectral data. Validation of the FTS Level 2 data product is critical since the data is used for generating the FTS Level 3 (global distributions of column-averaged mixing ratio data of XCO2 and XCH4) and the FTS Level 4 (regional CO2 fluxes and three dimensional distribution of CO2 calculated from the estimated fluxes) products. The reference data to be used for validating abundances are required to have uncertainties of less than 1.0 % (0.3 % or 1 ppm is desirable) for CO2 and 2.0 % for CH4. Ground

  3. Using sparse photometric data sets for asteroid lightcurve studies

    Warner, Brian D.; Harris, Alan W.


    With the advent of wide-field imagers, it has become possible to conduct a photometric lightcurve survey of many asteroids simultaneously, either for that single purpose (e.g., Dermawan, B., Nakamura, T., Yoshida, F. [2011]. Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan 63, S555-S576; Masiero, J., Jedicke, R., Ďurech, J., Gwyn, S., Denneau, L., Larsen, J. [2009]. Icarus 204, 145-171), or as a part of a multipurpose survey (e.g., Pan-STARRS, LSST). Such surveys promise to yield photometric data for many thousands of asteroids, but these data sets will be “sparse” compared to most of those taken in a “targeted” mode directed to one asteroid at a time. We consider the potential limitations of sparse data sets using different sampling rates with respect to specific research questions that might be addressed with lightcurve data. For our study we created synthetic sparse data sets similar to those from wide-field surveys by generating more than 380,000 individual lightcurves that were combined into more than 47,000 composite lightcurves. The variables in generating the data included the number of observations per night, number of nights, noise, and the intervals between observations and nights, in addition to periods ranging from 0.1 to 400 h and amplitudes ranging from 0.1 to 2.0 mag. A Fourier analysis pipeline was used to find the period for each composite lightcurve and then review the derived period and period spectrum to gauge how well an automated analysis of sparse data sets would perform in finding the true period. For this part of the analysis, a normally distributed noise level of 0.03 mag was added to the data, regardless of amplitude, thus simulating a relatively high SNR for the observations. For the second part of the analysis, a smaller set of composite curves was generated with fixed core parameters of eight observations per night, 8 nights within a 14-day span, periods ranging from 2 to 6 h, and an amplitude of either 0.3 mag or 0.4 mag. Individual data sets using

  4. Methylmalonic Acidemia: Diagnosis and Neuroimaging Findings of This Neurometabolic Disorder (An Iranian Pediatric Case Series

    Parvaneh KARIMZADEH


    , Melhem ER, Barker PB. Multi-slice proton MR spectroscopy and diffusion-weighted imaging in methylmalonic acidemia: report of two cases and review of the literature. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2001;22(5:831-3.2. Mahoney MJ, Bick D. Recent advances in the inherited methylmalonic acidemias. Acta Paediatr Scand1987;76(5:689-96.3. Radmanesh A, Zaman T, Ghanaati H, Molaei S, Robertson RL, ZamaniAA. Methylmalonic acidemia: brain imaging findings in 52 children and a review of the literature.Pediatr Radiol 2008 Oct;38(10:1054-61.4. Cantani A. [Methylmalonic acidemia: classification, diagnosis and therapy]. KlinPadiatr 1983;195(6:388-93.5. Avery ME, First LR, Pediatric Medicine, 2nd ed. Williams & Wilkins, Waverly Company; 1994. p.1075.6. Matsui SM, Mahoney MJ, Resenberg LE. The natural history of the inherited methylmalonic acidemias. N Engl J Med 1983;308(15:857-61.7. Holliday MA, Barrat M, Arner ED. Pediatric Nephrology, 3rd ed. William and Wilkins 1994; p. 890.8. Soda H, Yoshida I, Aramaki S, Kuriya N, Aoki K, Inokuchi T, et al. Renal handling of methylmalonic acid in a uraemic patient with vitamin B12 unresponsive methylmalonica cidaemia. J Inherit Metab Dis 1996;19(1:90-1.9. Imen M, Hanene B, Ichraf K, Aida R, Ilhem T, Naziha K, et al. Methylmalonic acidemia and hyperglycemia: an unusual association. Brain Dev 2012;34(2:113-4.10. Ma X, Zhang Y, Yang Y, Liu X, Yang Z, Bao X, et al. Epilepsy in children with methylmalonic acidemia: electroclinical features and prognosis. Brain Dev 2011;33(9:790-5.11. Brismar J, Ozand PT. CT and MR of the brain in disorders of the propionate and methylmalonatemetabolism. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1994;15(8:1459-73.12. Nicolaides P, Leonard J, Surtees R. Neurological outcome of methylmalonic acidaemia. Arch Dis Child 1998;78:508-12. 


    LIANG; li


    [1] Li DH. A novel radiosensitizer "ANKA" for tumor (Irisquinone) [J]. Chin J Clin Oncol 1999; 26:153.[2]Bordow SB, Haber M, Madafiglio J, et al. Expression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) gene correlates with amplification and overexpression of the N-myc oncogene in childhood neuroblastoma [J]. Cancer Res 1994; 54:5036.[3]Cai P, Liu XY, Han FS, et al. Establishment human lung adenocarcinoma cisplatin-resistant cell line A549DDP and the mechanism of its drug resistance [J]. Chin J Clin Oncol 1995; 22:582.[4]Cai P, Liu XY, Wang P. The value of glutathione reductase recycling assay measurement of content of glutathione in human plasma during tumor chemotherapy [J]. Chin J Clin Oncol l994; 21:717.[5]Zhan MC, Liu XY, Cai P, et al. Mechanism of resistance of human cell line A549DDP to cisplatin [J]. Chin J Clin Oncol 1998; 25:726.[6]Wang J, Liu XY, Wu MN, et al. Expression and reversion of drug resistance- and apoptosis- related genes of a DDP-resistant lung adeno-carcinoma cell line A549DDP [J]. Chin J Oncol 1999; 21:422.[7]Ishikawa T. The ATP-dependent glutathione S-conjugate export pump [J]. Treads Biol Sci 1992; 17:463.[8]Goto S, Yoshida K, Morikawa T, et al. Augmen-tation of transport for cisplatin-glutathione adduct in cisplatin-resistant cancer cells [J]. Cancer Res 1995; 55:4297.[9]Fujil R, Mutoh M, Sumizama T, et al. Adenosine triphosphate-dependent transport of leukotriene C4 by membrane vesicles prepared from cis-platinum-resistant human epidermoid carcinoma tumor cells [J]. JNCI 1994; 86:1781.[10]Ishikawa T, Ali-Osman F. Glutathion-associated cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) metabolism and ATP-dependent efflux from leukemia cells [J]. J Biol Chem 1993; 268:20116.[11]Ishikawa T, Wrighe CE, Ishizuka H. GS-X pumq is function ally overexpressed in cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum (II)-resistant human leukemia HL-60 cells and downregulated by cell differentiation [J]. J Biol Chem 1994; 269: 29085.

  6. Large deviations for stochastic flows and their applications

    GAO; Fuqing(


    [1]Yoshida, N., A large deviation principle for (r,p)-capacities on the Wiener space, Proba. Th. Rel. Fields, 1993, 94:473-488.[2]Gao, F. Q., Large deviations of (r,p)-capacities for diffusion processes, Advances in Math. (in Chinese), 1996, 25:500-509.[3]Millet, A., Nualart, D., Sanz, M., Large deviations for a class of anticipating stochastic differential equations, Ann.Prob.. 1993, 20: 1902-1931.[4]Millet, A., Nualart, D., Sans, M., Composition of large deviation principles and applications, in Stochastic Analysis (ed.Mayer, E. ), San Diego: Academic Press, 1991, 383-395.[5]Ocone, D., Pardoux, E., A generalized Ito-Ventzell formula, Applications to a class of anticipating stochastic differentialequations, Ann. Inst. Poincaré, Sect. B, 1989, 25: 39-71.[6]Malliavin, P., Nualart, D., Quasi sure analysis of stochastic flows and Banach space valued smooth functionals on the Wiener space, J. Funct. Anal., 1993, 112: 287-317.[7]Huang, Z., Ren, J. , Quasi sure stochastic flows, Stoch. Stoch. Rep. , 1990, 33: 149-157.[8]Gao, E. Q., Large deviations for diffusion processes in Hslder norm, Advances in Math. (in Chinese), 1997, 26: 147-158.[9]Arous, B. G. , Ledoux, M., Grandes déviations sur la déviations de Freidlin-Wentzell en norme holderienne, 1994, Lecr.Notes in Math. , 1994, 987: 1583.[10]Baldi, P. , Sanz, M. , Une remarque sur la théorie des grandes deviations, Lect. Notes Math., 1991, 1485: 345-348.[11]Airault, H., Malliavin, P., Intégration géometrique sur l'espace de Wiener, Bull. Sci. Math., 1988, 112: 3-52.[12]Ikeda, N. , Watanabe, S., Stochastic Differential Equations and Diffusion Processes, 2nd ed., Amsterdam-Kodansha-Tokyo:North-Holland, 1988.[13]Malliavin, P., Stochastic Analysis, Grundlehren der Mathematischen Wissenschaften 313, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1997.[14]Brzezniak, Z., Elworthy, K. D., Stochastic flows of diffeomorphism. In Stochastic Analysis and Applications (eds. Davies,I. M.. Truman

  7. Impact of rice-straw biochars amended soil on the biological Si cycle in soil-plant ecosystem

    Li, Zimin; Delvaux, Bruno; Struyf, Eric; Unzué-Belmonte, Dácil; Ronsse, Frederik; Cornelis, Jean-Thomas


    Biochar used as soil amendment can enhance soil fertility and plant growth. It may also contribute to increase the plant mineralomass of silicon (Si). However, very little studies have focused on the plant Si cycling in biochar amended soils. Here, we study the impact of two contrasting biochars derived from rice straws on soil Si availability and plant Si uptake. Rice plants were grown in a hydroponic device using Yoshida nutrient solution, respectively devoid of H4SiO4 (0 ppm Si: Si-) and enriched with it (40 ppm Si: Si+). After 12 weeks, the plants were harvested for further pyrolysis, conducted with holding time of 1h at 500˚ C. The respective rice-biochars are Si-/biochar and Si+/biochar. They exhibit contrasting phytolith contents (0.3 g Si kg-1 vs. 51.3 g Si kg-1), but identical physico-chemical properties. They were applied in two soils differing in weathering stage: a weathered Cambisol (CA) and a highly weathered Nitisol (NI). We then studied the effects of the amended biochar on CaCl2 extractable Si using a 64-days kinetic approach, on the content of soil biogenic Si, and on the uptake of Si by wheat plants grown for 5 weeks. We also quantified Si mineralomass in plants. We compared the effects of biochars to that of wollastonite (Wo)-(CaSiO3), a common Si-fertilizer. Our results show that Si+/biochar significantly increase the content of BSi in both soils. In CA, the cumulative content of CaCl2 extractable Si amounts to 85 mg kg-1 after Si+/biochar amendment, which is below the amount extracted after Wo application (100 mg kg-1). In contrast, in NI, the cumulative content of CaCl2 extractable Si is 198 mg kg-1 in the Si+/biochar amended treatment, which is far above the one measured after Wo application (93 mg kg-1). The Si-/biochar has no effect on the cumulative content of CaCl2 extractable Si in either soil type. Biochars and wollastonite increase the biomass of wheat on both soils. The increase is, however, larger in NI than in CA. In terms of Si

  8. Overseas Propagation and Acception of Mo Yan’s Literature%莫言小说在海外的传播与接受



    莫言作品在海外的传播与接受始于1988年,迄今为止,其作品已被译为多种文字在国外出版发行。著名翻译家葛浩文、陈安娜、藤井省三、吉田富夫、尚德兰、诺埃·杜特莱等对其作品在海外的传播与接受,起到了重要的桥梁作用。莫言小说之所以有如此大的海外影响力,究其原因,得益于莫言小说创作中的世界因素,他将中国传统写实和外国魔幻主义的表现手法融为一体,艺术地展现出中国本土文化的复杂内涵,其标志性的莫氏风格成为广大海外读者了解现代中国的一面镜子;特有的民族性与真实性的融合,使其成为海外读者透视中国人心灵的一把钥匙;独特的语言魅力以及小说被改编成多部知名电影后引发的再阅读,也为莫言小说在海外的传播与接受起到了推波助澜的作用。这无疑提升了中国当代文学在世界文坛中的影响与地位。%The overseas propagation of Mo Yan’s literatures began in 1 988.His literature has been translated into many languages and published in foreign countries up to now,including English,French,Japanese and Swedish.The famous translators such as HowardGoldblatt,Anna Gustafsson Chen,Fujii Mi,Yoshida Fuo and Liliane Dutrait made a great contribution during the process of propagation overseas.There are several reasons for this appearance.The first reason is Mo’s writing stlyes,mixing the traditional Chinese realistic and foreign magic realism together in order to reveal the con-notation of Chinese native culture,became a mirror to help readers abroad to understand contemporary China.The second is his distinctive combination between national character and authenticity in his literatures,which has become a prism help-ing readers overseas to look through Chinese souls.Last but not the least,Mo’s special charm of language and the famous movies revised from Mo’s literatures help to push the waves of his

  9. Real-time analysis of δ13C- and δD-CH4 by high precision laser spectroscopy

    Eyer, Simon; Emmenegger, Lukas; Tuzson, Béla; Fischer, Hubertus; Mohn, Joachim


    analysis of CH4 isotopologues. The infrared radiation emitted by the two cw-QC laser sources are combined and coupled into a 0.5 L astigmatic multipass absorption cell with an optical path length of 76 m. An Allan variance minimum of the isotope ratio time-series of 0.1 o for δ13C-CH4 and 0.3 o for δD-CH4 has been achieved using 300 s integration time. First experiments of the developed analytical technique demonstrate its potential with respect to field-applicability and temporal resolving power. References: [1] WMO, Greenhouse Gas Bulletin No. 9, 2013, WMO GAW, pp. 4. [2] H. Fischer, M. Behrens, M. Bock, U. Richter, J. Schmitt, L. Loulergue, J. Chappellaz, R. Spahni, T. Blunier, M. Leuenberger and T. F. Stocker, Nature, 2008, 452, 864-867. [3] J. Mohn, B. Tuzson, A. Manninen, N. Yoshida, S. Toyoda, W. A. Brand, and L. Emmenegger, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 2012, 5, 1601-1609. [4] Tuzson, B., Hiller, R. V., Zeyer, K., Eugster, W., Neftel, A., Ammann, C., and L. Emmenegger, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 2010, 3,1519-1531.

  10. ~100 Ma Lu-Hf eclogite ages from Koralpe and Saualpe (Austroalpine nappes, Austria): New constraints for the kinematics of Eoalpine subduction

    Miladinova, Irena; Froitzheim, Nikolaus; Nagel, Thorsten; Janák, Marian; Münker, Carsten


    ., Froitzheim, N., Yoshida, K., Sasinková, V., Nosko, M., Kobayashi, T., Hirajima, T., Vrabec, M. (2015): Diamond in metasedimentary crustal rocks from Pohorje, Eastern Alps: a window to deep continental subduction. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 33: 495-512. Miller, C. & Thöni, M. (1997): Eo-Alpine eclogitisation of Permian MORB-type gabbros in the Koralpe (Eastern Alps, Austria): new geochronological, geochemical and petrological data. Chemical Geology, 137:283-310. Sandmann, S., Herwartz, D., Kirst, F., Froitzheim, N., Nagel, T., Münker, C. (2011): Lu-Hf garnet ages from the southeastern part of the Pohorje Mountains, Eastern Alps, Slovenia. Abstract presented at the 10th Alpine Workshop "CorseAlp 2011", St. Florent, France. Thöni, M., Miller, C., Blichert-Toft, J., Whitehouse, M.J., Konzett, J., Zanetti, A (2008): Timing of high-pressure metamorphism and exhumation of the eclogite type locality (Kupplerbrunn-Prickler Halt, Saualpe, south-eastern Austria): constraints from correlations of the Sm-Nd, Lu-Hf, U-Pb and Rb-Sr isotopic systems. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 26:561-581.

  11. First real-time measurements of N2O isotopic signatures above intensively managed grassland: analytical performance, validation and illustrative examples

    Wolf, Benjamin; Tuzson, Béla; Merbold, Lutz; Decock, Charlotte; Emmenegger, Lukas; Mohn, Joachim


    , and nitrate concentrations made the identification of controls on N2O isotopic composition possible. Furthermore, simultaneous eddy-covariance N2O flux measurements (Merbold et al. 2014) were used to derive a flux-averaged isotopic signature of soil-emitted N2O of intensively managed grassland. In this context, the potential of the derived N2O isotopic signatures for partitioning of microbial source processes will be discussed in relation to available literature data. Merbold, L, W Eugster, J Stieger, M Zahniser, D Nelson and N Buchmann. 2014. 'Greenhouse gas budget (CO2, CH4 and N2O) of intensively managed grassland following restoration' Global Change Biology doi:10.1111/gcb.12518 Mohn, J, B Tuzson, A Manninen, N Yoshida, S Toyoda, W A Brand, and L Emmenegger. 2012. 'Site selective real-time measurements of atmospheric N2O isotopomers by laser spectroscopy.' Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 5(7): 1601-1609 Park, S, P Croteau, K A Boering, D M Etheridge, D Ferretti, P J Fraser, K-R Kim, P B Krummel, R L Langenfelds, T D van Ommen, L P Steele, and C M Trudinger. 2012. 'Trends and seasonal cycles in the isotopic composition of nitrous oxide since 1940.' Nature Geoscience 5(4): 261-265. Waechter, H, J Mohn, B Tuzson, L Emmenegger, and M W Sigrist. 2008. 'Determination of N2O isotopomers with quantum cascade laser based absorption spectroscopy.' Optics Express 16(12): 9239-44. Wunderlin, P, M Lehmann, H Siegrist, B Tuzson, A Joss, L Emmenegger, and J Mohn. 2013. 'Isotope signatures of N2O in a mixed microbial population system: Constraints on N2O producing pathways in wastewater treatment.' Environmental Science and Technology 47: 1339-48.

  12. NIMS and Empa announce STAM collaboration

    Yoshida, Toyonobu; Krug, Harald F.


    In January 2014, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) joined the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) in collaborative activities on Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (STAM). STAM was founded in 2000. In 2005 NIMS took over the management of its peer review and financial systems, resulting in a continuous rise of the impact of the journal. Empa will provide further support for the editorial management of STAM. In particular, it will establish a European office in Switzerland and reinforce the Editorial Board. From this point of view, I am pleased and excited to have new colleagues from Empa on our Editorial Board, and I believe that this collaboration will bring us a remarkable improvement in the international visibility of STAM and increase the number of paper submissions from Europe. It will expand the topics covered in the journal from traditional fields of materials science with a focus on energy and environmental issues to medical and bioengineering applications, where Empa has a significant expertise. I firmly believe that Empa's participation in publishing STAM will reinforce its position as an open-access journal with a global audience. Together with my colleagues, Yoshio Sakka (NIMS) and Shu Yamaguchi (University of Tokyo), I welcome Harald F Krug as the new Co-Editor-in-Chief of STAM. I am also pleased to learn that the year 2014 not only marks the 15th anniversary of STAM, but also the 150th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and Switzerland. Toyonobu Yoshida Advances in materials science are key for the sustainable development of our society. That is why, starting from January 2014, Empa, the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, have engaged in an entirely new field of activity: scientific publishing. As mentioned above, Empa joined NIMS in the publishing of STAM. We have a clear-cut goal in mind: we want to support our sister

  13. Particle processing technology

    Yoshio, Sakka


    , Hiraga K, Yoshida H and Sakka Y 2012 Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 13 055003 [26] Kim B-N, Hiraga K, Grasso S, Morita K, Yoshida H, Zhang H and Sakka Y 2012 J. Ceram. Soc. Japan 120 116 [27] Estili M, Kawasaki A and Sakka Y 2012 Adv. Mater. 24 4322 [28] Grasso S, Hu C F, Maizza G and Sakka Y 2012 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 95 2423 [29] Andrievskaya E R, Kornienko O A, Sayir A, Vasylkiv O and Sakka Y 2011 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94 1911 [30] Kobayashi K and Sakka Y 2012 Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 13 045006

  14. PREFACE: XIII International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (CALOR 2008)

    Livan, Michele


    Advisory Commitee M Danilov, ITEP Moscow M Diemoz, INFN Roma I A Ereditato, Bern F Fabbri, INFN Frascati T Kobayashi, ICEPP Tokyo P Lubrano, INFN Perugia S Magill, ANL Argonne A Maio, LIP Lisbon H Oberlack, MPI Munich A Para, Fermilab K Pretzl, Bern Y Wang, IHEP Beijing R Wigmans, TTU Lubbock R Yoshida, ANL Argonne R Zhu, Caltech Local Organizing Committee R Ferrari, INFN Pavia M Fraternali, Università di Pavia G Gaudio, INFN Pavia M Livan, Università di Pavia (Chair) P Pedroni, INFN Pavia D A Scannicchio, INFN Pavia V Vercesi, INFN Pavia Session Organizers Operating Calorimeters W Sakumoto (University of Rochester) D Schamberger (State University of NY at Stony Brook) Calorimetric Techniques C De La Taille (Université de Paris-Sud) Paul Lecoq (CERN) Frank Maas (GSI-Mainz University) Jan Stark (LPSC Grenoble) Astrophysics and neutrinos I Gil Botella (CIEMAT) A Vacchi (INFN Trieste) LHC P Bloch (CERN) L Serin (Laboratoire de l'Accelerateur Lineaire/IN2P3/CNRS) New Techniques N Akchurin (Texas Tech University) F Salvatore (Royal Holloway University of London) Simulation T Carli (CERN) A Rimoldi (INFN e Università di Pavia) Organization Dipartimento di Fisica Nucleare e Teorica - Università degli Studi di Pavia Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Pavia Università degli Studi di Pavia Pragma Congressi, Corso Mazzini, 9 - Pavia Sponsored by CAEN HAMAMATSU Photonis Italia Iseg Spezialelektrinik GmbH Wiener

  15. PREFACE: Nanoelectronics, sensors and single molecule biophysics Nanoelectronics, sensors and single molecule biophysics

    Tao, Nongjian


    száros, Koji Yoshida, Artem Mishchenko, Murat Gulcur, Martin R Bryce and Thomas Wandlowski Single-molecule conductance determinations on HS(CH2)4O(CH2)4SH and HS(CH2)2O(CH2)2O(CH2)2SH, and comparison with alkanedithiols of the same lengthLisa E Scullion, Edmund Leary, Simon J Higgins and Richard J Nichols Metal atomic contact under electrochemical potential controlManabu Kiguchi and Kei Murakoshi Rectification in substituted atomic wires: a theoretical insightYoshihiro Asai High-fidelity chemical patterning on oxide-free germaniumJ Nathan Hohman, Moonhee Kim, Jeffrey A Lawrence, Patrick D McClanahan and Paul S Weiss

  16. Supramolecular complex formation of β-cyclodextrin polymer with substituted salicylic acid or 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid and their electrorheological behaviors

    GAO; Ziwei; ZHAO; Xiaopeng; SUN; Ping; SI; Gang


    supramolecular systems (XXXV) --Synthesis of novel β-cyclodextrin derivative beating pyridinio group and its chiral discrimination of amino acids, Science in China, Ser. B, 2001, 44(3): 260-267.[13]Liu, Y., Yang, Y. W., Cao, R. et al., Thermodynamic origin of molecular selective binding of bile salts by aminated β-cyclodextrins,J. Phys. Chem. B, 2003: 14130-14139.[14]Liu, Y., Chen, G. S., Li, L. et al., Inclusion complexation and solubilization of paclitaxel by bridged bis(β-cyclodextrin)s containing a tetraethylenepentaamino spacer, J. Med. Chem., 2003,46(22): 4634-4637.[15]Yoshida, K., Shimomura, T., Ito, K. et al., Inclusion complex formation of cyclodextrin and polyaniline, Langmuir, 1999, 15(4):910-913.[16]Crini, G., Bertini, S., Torri, G. et al., Sorption of aromatic co-pounds in water using insoluble cyclodextrin polymers, J.Appllied Polymer Science, 1998, 68: 1973-1978.[17]Renard, E., Deratani, A., Volet, G. et al., Preparation and characterization of water soluble high molecular weight β-cyclodextrinepichlorohydrin polymers, Eur. Polym. J., 1997, 33(1): 49-57.[18]Gao, Z. W., Zhao, X. P., Electrorheological properties of inclusive complex of β-cyclodextrin polymer, Materials Letters, 2002, 57:615-618.[19]Gao, Z. W., Zhao, X. P., Enhancing electrorheological behaviors with formation of β-cyclodextrin supramolecular complex, Polymer, 2003, 44:4519-4526.[20]Su, X. D., Liu, L. Z., Shen, H. Y., Study on the absorbing enrichment of trace metals using α-pyridylaxo-β-naphthol inclusion complexes of cyclodextrin polymer resin, Analytical Chemistry (in Chinese), 1995, 23(12): 1361-1366.[21]Catena, G. C., Bright, F. V., Thermodynamic study on the effects of β-cyclodextrin inclusion with anilinonaphthalenesulfonates,Anal. Chem., 1989, 61: 905-909.[22]Kano, K., Tatsumi, M., Hashimoto, S., Cyclodextrin-induced conformational enantiomerism of dinaphthylmethanes, J. Org.Chem., 1991, 56: 6579-6585.

  17. PREFACE: Tenth International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP2007)

    Inoue, Kunio; Suzuki, Atsuto; Mitsui, Tadao


    The tenth meeting of the TAUP Workshop Series, TAUP 2007, was organized by the Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University. In TAUP 2007 all the various aspects of Astroparticle Physics have been covered, from Cosmology and Dark Constituents, to Gravitational Waves, to Neutrino Physics and Astrophysics, to High Energy Astrophysics, to Cosmic Rays and Gamma-Rays Astronomy. New and important scientific results were presented and debated in the plenary review talks and in a very large number of contributions in topical parallel sessions. As editors of these proceedings, we hope that this volume, which contains most of the talks and contributions presented at TAUP 2007, will provide a detailed state-of-the-art account of the various facets of Astroparticle Physics. We thank all the invited speakers, conveners, and contributors who made this possible. Full coverage of the transparencies presented at the conference can be found on the website The TAUP 2007 Organizing Committee thanks IUPAP/PaNAGIC, Sendai Tourism and Convention Bureau, COE program: Exploring New Science by Bridging Particle-Matter Hierarchy, SEIKO EG&G, and REPIC corporation for sponsoring the Conference, and Sendai Civic Auditorium, where the meeting was held, for their hospitality. We wish to thank Alessandro Bottino, Junpei Shirai, Fumihiko Suekane, David Sinclair, Takaaki Kajita, Takeo Moroi, Masaki Mori, Masahiro Kawasaki, Yoshihito Gando, Sei Yoshida, Kyoko Tamae, Sanshiro Enomoto, Alexandre Kozlov, Yasuhiro Kishimoto, Itaru Shimizu, Kengo Nakamura, Haruo Ikeda, and Kyo Nakajima for their invaluable contribution in the scientific shaping of the conference and in the preparation of the present volume. The Organizing Committee is grateful to the members of the International Advisory Committee and of the TAUP Steering Committee for assistance and advice on the scientific program. Very special thanks are due to Ms Rika Bizen, Mr Fujio Miura, Ms Akemi

  18. EDITORIAL: Stability and nonlinear dynamics of plasmas: A symposium celebrating Professor Robert Dewar's accomplishments in plasma physics Stability and nonlinear dynamics of plasmas: A symposium celebrating Professor Robert Dewar's accomplishments in plasma physics

    Bhattacharjee, Amitava


    to MHD relaxation theory for my PhD thesis under Bob's supervision. It was a good decision because Bob showed me how beautiful MHD theory can be, but he did not himself give up the problem of formulating optimal oscillation-centre transformations. He has a singular ability to hold difficult problems like this in in his mind for many years until they crack open (or even if they do not!), a trait that many of us find altogether admirable. The impact of such thinking on plasma turbulence theory over the last four decades is described in the article by John Krommes in this issue. Stuart Hudson's article touches on some of the same themes in the pursuit of fully three-dimensional relaxed states in toroidal stellarators. Zensho Yoshida has contributed an interesting article on the interplay of Lagrangian and Eulerian representations of collective motions in a fluid, a theme that appears in Bob's work in several contexts. Underlying much of Bob's work on Hamiltonian systems is his deep knowledge and appreciation of Lie perturbation theory, and the article by Steven Richardson and John Finn, which discusses an example of symplectic integrators and their numerical implementation, reflects that interest. It is impossible to do justice to all of Bob's contributions to theoretical plasma physics in this short section. Bob's WKB theory of ballooning modes in three-dimensional toroidal systems (with Alan Glasser) is a classic paper that was in some ways years ahead of its time, especially in its exploration of the deep connections between KAM theory and the nature of the spectrum. In later work, he developed these ideas further by establishing connections with the phenomenon of Anderson localization in condensed matter physics. His papers on the subject of ballooning modes are gems of the plasma physics literature, and are unsurpassed in their mathematical elegance, insight, and their development of broad connections with other fields of theoretical physics. Some of this was

  19. [Reconsideration of the admission and discharge criteria of tuberculosis patients in Japan].

    Masuyama, Hidenori; Igari, Hidetoshi


    public in September 2007. This modified notice brought in a prolonged period of hospitalization and created confusion in clinical practice. Based on the result of our study for infectiousness, it is appropriate to use the guideline in January 2005. 3. Consideration of the standard for leaving TB hospital: Masako WADA (Chemotherapy Research Institute, Kaken Hospital) In Japan, infectious pulmonary tuberculosis patients are ordered to receive chemotherapy in admission to tuberculosis treatment facilities according to Infectious Diseases Control Law. Infectious pulmonary tuberculosis is defined as sputum smear positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) even it is questionable. And there consecutive negative sputum smear for AFB is needed as a criteria for discharge. In this study we defined our own admission criteria as follows, medical service is needs owing to serious pulmonary tuberculosis, meningitis and other complications. We simulated the cost for hospitalization. During study period 170 patients were admitted and only 36 patients (21%) were needed hospitalization on our own criteria. The other 134 patients were admitted because of infectiousness. The average hospital stay was 63.0 days and 64.8 days, respectively. Total cost of patients cares were 26 million yen and 100 million yen respectively. On the points of saving medical costs, Infectious Diseases Control Law should be revised. 4. Recent problems in tuberculosis hospitalization and countermeasures related to patients support in urban area: Michihiko YOSHIDA (Infectious Control Section, Health and Safety Division, Bureau of Social Welfare and Public Health, Tokyo Metropolitan Govenment) Standard treatment for tuberculosis led to a shortening of hospitalization days. After discharge most patients are treated as outpatient. In the outpatient, the decreased numbers and the bias in the geographical distribution of tuberculosis hospitals impair patients' accessibility and may lead to increase of drop out cases. And there

  20. Dynamics of excited m-dichlorobenzene

    YUAN; Liwei; WANG; Yanqiu; WANG; Li; BAI; Jiling; HE; Guozh


    . Phys.Chem. A, 2003, 107: 6580-6586.[12]Imura, K., Kishimoto, N., Ohno, K., Two-dimensional penning ionization electron spectroscopy of dichlorobenzenes: orbital reactivity and anisotropic interaction of dichlorobenzenes with He*(23S), J. Phys. Chem. A, 2001, 105: 9111-9122.[13]Olesik, S., Baer, T., Morrow, J. C., Dissociation rates of energy-selected dichloro- and dibromobenzene ions, J. Phys. Chem.,1986, 90: 3563-3568.[14]Yoshida, N., Hirakawa, Y., Imasaka, T., Development of tunable picosecond dye laser for multiphoton ionization of dioxin precursors in supersonic jet/time-of-flight mass spectrometry, Anal.Chem., 2001, 73: 4417-4421.[15]Deguchi, T., Takeyasu, N., Imasaka, T., Measurement of the first excited singlet state lifetime of chlorobenzenes by a pump probe method using a narrow band tunable picosecond laser, Appl.Spectrom., 2002, 56(9): 1241-1243.[16]Brown, P., Kinetic studies in mass spectrometry, Ⅳ.The[M-Cl]reaction in substituted chlorobenzenes and the question of molecular ion isomerization, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1970, 3:639-642.[17]Felker, P. M., Zewail, A. H., Direct observation of nonchaotic multilevel vibrational energy flow in isolated polyatomic molecules, Phy. Rev. Lett., 1984, 30: 501-504.[18]Felker, P. M., Zewail, A. H., Dynamics of intramolecular vibrational-energy redistribution(IVR), I. Coherence effects, J. Chem.Phys., 1985, 82: 2961-3010.[19]Felker, P. M., Zewail, A. H., Purely rotational coherence effect and time-resolved sub-Doppler spectroscopy of large molecules, I.Theoretical, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 86: 2460-2499.[20]Rosker, M. J., Wise, F. W., Tang, C. L., Femtosecond relaxation dynamics of large molecules, Phys. Rev. Lett., 1986, 57: 321-324.[21]Scherer, N. F., Khundkar, L. R., Rose, T. S. et al., Sub-Doppler measurement of excited-state rotational constants and rotational coherence by picosecond multiphoton ionization mass spectrometry, J. Phys. Chem., 1987, 91: 6478-6483.

  1. CALL FOR PAPERS: Special issue: One hundred years of PVI, the Fuchs Painlevé equation

    Clarkson, P. A.; Joshi, N.; Mazzocco, M.; Nijhoff, F. W.; Noumi, M.


    This is a call for contributions to a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General entitled `One hundred years of Painlevé VI, the Fuchs Painlevé equation'. The motivation behind this special issue is to celebrate the centenary of the discovery of this famous differential equation. The Editorial Board has invited P A Clarkson, N Joshi, M Mazzocco, F W Nijhoff and M Noumi to serve as Guest Editors for the issue. The nonlinear ordinary differential equation, which is nowadays known as the Painlevé VI (PVI) equation, is one of the most important differential equations in mathematical physics. It was discovered 100 years ago by Richard Fuchs (son of the famous mathematician Lazarus Fuchs) and reported for the first time in Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Paris 141 555 8 (1905). Gambier, in his seminal paper of 1906, included this equation as the top equation in the list of what are now known as the six Painlevé transcendental equations. The Painlevé list emerged from the work on the classification of all ordinary second-order differential equations whose general solution are `uniform', in the sense that there are no movable (i.e. as a function of the initial data) singularities (meaning branch points) worse than poles. The latter is known as the Painlevé property. As the top equation in the Painlevé list of transcendental equations, the importance of PVI can be appreciated by recognizing that this is a universal differential equation, which is the most general (in terms of number of free parameters) of the known second order ODEs defining nonlinear special functions. As such, parallels can be drawn between the role played by PVI transcendents in the nonlinear case and the hypergeometric functions at the linear level. In fact, the monograph From Gauss to Painlevé by K Iwasaki, H Kimura, S Shimomura and M Yoshida (Vieweg, 1991), draws very clearly the line stretching over more than 150 years of special function theory in which PVI is

  2. EDITORIAL: Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2011 Roberts Prize for the best paper published in 2011

    Cherry, Simon; Ruffle, Jon


    bone from a male cadaver. This work will be important for both the assessment of skeletal doses in radiation protection and nuclear medicine, and also for following external photon irradiation in medical imaging and radiotherapy. Our congratulations go to these authors. Of course all of the shortlisted papers were of an extremely high standard, and they are listed below in alphabetical order. We also would like to thank the IPEM Committee members for their hard work in reading the papers and making what must have been a difficult decision. Simon R Cherry Editor-in-Chief Jon Ruffle Publisher References Hough M, Johnson P, Rajon D, Jokisch D, Lee C and Bolch W 2011 An image-based skeletal dosimetry model for the ICRP reference adult male—internal electron sources Phys. Med. Biol. 56 2309 Jan S 2011 GATE V6: a major enhancement of the GATE simulation platform enabling modelling of CT and radiotherapy Phys. Med. Biol. 56 881 Jing H, Yang Y, and Nishikawa R M 2011 Detection of clustered microcalcifications using spatial point process modeling Phys. Med. Biol. 56 1 Li T, Thongphiew D, Zhu X, Lee W R, Vujaskovic Z, Yin F-F, Wu Q J A 2011 Adaptive prostate IGRT combining online re-optimization and re-positioning: a feasibility study Phys. Med. Biol. 56 1243 Kitchen M J, Paganin D M, Uesugi K, Allison B J, Lewis R A, Hooper S B, Pavlov K M 2011 Phase contrast image segmentation using a Laue analyser crystal Phys. Med. Biol. 56 515 Yamaya T, Mitsuhashi T, Matsumoto T, Inadama N, Nishikido F, Yoshida E, Murayama H, Kawai H, Suga M and Watanabe M 2011 A SiPM-based isotropic-3D PET detector X'tal cube with a three-dimensional array of 1 mm3 crystals Phys. Med. Biol. 56 6793 Yu Z, Wunderlich A, Dennerlein F, Lauritsch G and Noo F 2011 Line plus arc source trajectories and their R-line coverage for long-object cone-beam imaging with a C-arm system Phys. Med. Biol. 56 3447

  3. Combustion and Plasma Synthesis of High-Temperature Materials

    Munir, Z. A.; Holt, J. B.


    , et al.). Combustion Synthesis in the Ti-C-Ni-Al System (S. Dunmead, et al.). Combustion Synthesis Dynamics Modeling (T. Kottke, et al.). Elementary Processes in SiO2-Al Thermite-Type Reactions Activated or Induced by Mechanochemical Treatment (G. Hida & I. Lin). Combustion Synthesis of Ceramic Preforms for Molten-Metal Infiltration (D. Halverson, et al.). Combustion Characteristics of Solid-Solid Systems: Experiments and Modeling (S. Kumar, et al.). Microstructure of TiB2 Sintered by the Self-Combustion Method (K. Urabe, et al..). A Laser-Ignition Study of Gasless Reactions Using Thermography (C. Chow & J. Mohler). Shock-Induced Reaction Synthesis-Assisted Processing of Ceramics (R. Ward, et al.). Summary Assessment of the Application of SPS and Related Reaction Processing to Produce Dense Ceramics (R. Rice). Shock Consolidation of Combustion-Synthesized Ceramics (A. Niiler, et al.). High-Pressure Burning Rate of Silicon in Nitrogen (M. Costantino & J. Holt). Preparation of a TiC Single Crystal by the Floating-Zone Method from a Self-Combustion Rod (S. Otani, et al.). PLASMA AND GAS-PHASE SYNTHESIS. Thermal Plasma Synthesis of Ceramic Powders and Coatings (T. Yoshida). A Theoretical Comparison of Conventional and Hybrid RF-Plasma Reactors (J. McKelliget & N. El-Kaddah). Homogeneous Nucleation and Particle Growth in Thermal Plasma Synthesis (S. Girshick & C.-P. Chiu). Formation of Refractory Aerosol Particles (R. Flagan, et al.). Ceramic-Powder Synthesis in an Aerosol Reactor (M. Alam, et al.). Silica-Particle Formation Using the Counter-Flow Diffusion Flame Burner (J. Katz, et al.). Synthesis and Properties of Low-Carbon Boron Carbides (C. Adkins, et al.). Synthesis of Si, SiC, and Si3N4 Powders Under High Number Density Conditions (J. Haggerty & J. Flint). Rapid Preparation of Titanium and Other Transition-Metal Nitride- and Carbide Powders by a Carbo-Reduction Method Using Arc-Image Heating (M. Yoshimura, et al.). Microwave Plasma Densification of Aluminum Nitride

  4. The SAWO (Small And Well Organized) avatar teaches the importance of the aggregates on the soil system and how to determine their stability

    Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Cerdà, Artemi; Jordán, Antonio; Úbeda, Xavier; Pereira, Paulo


    Spanish Government for finance the POSTFIRE project (CGL2013- 47862-C2-1-R). The research projects GL2008-02879/BTE, LEDDRA 243857 and PREVENTING AND REMEDIATING DEGRADATION OF SOILS IN EUROPE THROUGH LAND CARE (RECARE)FP7-ENV-2013- supported this research. References Cerdà, A. 1996. Soil aggregate stability in three mediterranean environments. Soil Technology, 9, 129-133. Cerdà, A. 1998. Soil aggregate stability under different Mediterranean vegetation types. Catena, 32, 73-86. Cerdà, A. 2000. Aggregate stability against water forces under different climates on agriculture land and scrubland in southern Bolivia. Soil and Tillage Research, 36, 1- 8. Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Arcenegui, V. (2012, April). Aggregate stability in citrus plantations. The impact of drip irrigation. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 14, p. 3772). García-Orenes, F., Roldán, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà, A., Campoy, M., Arcenegui, V., Caravaca, F. 2012. Soil structural stability and erosion rates influenced by agricultural management practices in a semi-arid Mediterranean agro-ecosystem. Soil Use and Management 28(4): 571-579. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2012.00451.x Gelaw, A. M., Singh, B. R., Lal, R. 2015. Organic carbon and nitrogen associated with soil aggregates and particle sizes under different land uses in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Land Degradation & Development.DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2261 Hallett, P., Ogden, M., Karim, K., Schmidt, S., Yoshida, S. (2014, May). Beneath aggregate stability-quantifying thermodynamic properties that drive soil structure dynamics. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 16, p. 10792). Jordán, A., Zavala, L. M., Mataix-Solera, J., Nava, A. L., Alanís, N. (2011). Effect of fire severity on water repellency and aggregate stability on Mexican volcanic soils. Catena, 84(3), 136-147. Jordan, M., Garcia-Orenes, F., Mataix-Solera, J., Garcia-Sanchez, E. (2012, April). Evaluation of the physical properties, bulk density and aggregate

  5. EDITORIAL: The Nuclear Fusion Award The Nuclear Fusion Award

    Kikuchi, M.


    Explanation of the JET n = 0 chirping mode Nucl. Fusion 46 S888-97 Urano H. et al 2006 Confinement degradation with beta for ELMy HH-mode plasmas in JT-60U tokamak Nucl. Fusion 46 781-7 Izzo V.A. et al 2006 A numerical investigation of the effects of impurity penetration depth on disruption mitigation by massive high-pressure gas jet Nucl. Fusion 46 541-7 Inagaki S. et al 2006 Comparison of transient electron heat transport in LHD helical and JT-60U tokamak plasmas Nucl. Fusion 46 133-41 Watanabe T.-H. et al 2006 Velocity-space structures of distribution function in toroidal ion temperature gradient turbulence Nucl. Fusion 46 24-32 2010 Nuclear Fusion Award nominees For the 2010 award, the papers published in the 2007 volume were assessed and the following papers were nominated, all of which are magnetic confinement experiments and theory. Rice J.E. et al 2007 Inter-machine comparison of intrinsic toroidal rotation in tokamaks Nucl. Fusion 47 1618-24 Lipschultz B. et al 2007 Plasma-surface interaction, scrape-off layer and divertor physics: implications for ITER Nucl. Fusion 47 1189-205 Loarer T. et al 2007 Gas balance and fuel retention in fusion devices Nucl. Fusion 47 1112-20 Garcia O.E et al 2007 Fluctuations and transport in the TCV scrape-off layer Nucl. Fusion 47 667-76 Zonca F. et al 2007 Electron fishbones: theory and experimental evidence Nucl. Fusion 47 1588-97 Maggi C.F. et al 2007 Characteristics of the H-mode pedestal in improved confinement scenarios in ASDEX Upgrade, DIII-D, JET and JT-60U Nucl. Fusion 47 535-51 Yoshida M. et al 2007 Momentum transport and plasma rotation profile in toroidal direction in JT-60U L-mode plasmas Nucl. Fusion 47 856-63 Zohm H. et al 2007 Control of MHD instabilities by ECCD: ASDEX Upgrade results and implications for ITER Nucl. Fusion 47 228-32 Snyder P.B. et al 2007 Stability and dynamics of the edge pedestal in the low collisionality regime: physics mechanisms for steady-state ELM-free operation Nucl. Fusion 47 961-8 Urano H. et

  6. Discussion on Japan’s Attitude toward the Territory after World War II and Okinawa under U.S Trust%试论二战后日本在领土处理问题上的态度与美国托管冲绳(一)

    安成日; 李金波


    To Japan who was stopped exercising a state sovereignty after being defeated, realizing peace-making, ending the occupation as soon as possible, resuming the exercise of sovereignty and rejoining the international community were the most important diplomatic topics in the early days of postwar. In this process, how to minimize the cost, use the most advantageous way to make peace had become the concern of all sectors of the Japanese society. However, when to make peace and what were put in the peace treaty depended on countries winning the war. After World War II, US-Soviet Union contradiction became inten-sified, and the dark clouds of the Cold War spread in East Asia; the USA who had the dominant right over the occupation of Japan, in order to make Japan an”East Asia breakwater against the Communist”, singed a ”lenient peacemaking” over Japan, increasing the opportunities that Japan could join the discussion of peacemaking abruptly. Under the situation of a rapid spreading of the Cold War, security issues associated with the disposal problems of surrounding islands of Japan became the key to making peace with the allies. Finally, Shigeru Yoshida government accepted the continuation of deployment of U.S army and agreed U.S to trust Okinawa in the name of the United Nations by sacrificing the interests of the people in Okinawa, and in the way of retaining the potential sovereignty (or ’residual sovereignty’), and limited restoration of sovereignty to realize the peacemaking with the majority of western camp, that is, a de facto”one-sided peacemaking”.%  对战败以后被停止行使国家主权的日本来说,尽快实现媾和结束占领,恢复行使国家主权,重返国际社会是战后初期最重要的外交课题。在这一过程中,如何以最小的代价,以对己最有利的方式实现媾和成为日本各界关注的焦点。然而,一般来说何时媾和,把何种问题纳入媾和议题等均由掌握媾和主

  7. PREFACE: XIV International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics

    Wang, Yifang


    The International Conferences on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (also known as the Calor Conference series, started in October 1990 at Fermilab) address all aspects of calorimetric particle detection and measurement, with an emphasis on high energy physics experiments. The XIV International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (Calor 2010) was held at the campus of the Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing, China, from May 10-14, 2010. This conference brought together more than 110 participants from 20 countries, including senior scientists and young physicists. During the five days of the conference, 98 presentations were given in seven plenary sessions. The attendees had in-depth discussions on the latest developments and innovations in calorimetry, including the exciting new LHC results. From the presentations, 83 papers were published in this proceedings. The success of the conference was due to the participants' enthusiasm and the excellent talks given by the speakers, and to the conveners for organizing the individual sessions. We would like to thank the International Advisory Committee for giving us the opportunity to host this Conference in Beijing. Finally we would like to thank all the people involved in the organization of the Conference, who have provided valuable local support. Yifang WangChair of Local Organizing Committee International Advisory Committee M DanilovITEP Moscow M DiemozINFN Roma I A EreditatoBern F L FabbriINFN Frascati T KobayashiICEPP Tokyo M LivanPavia University & INFN P LubranoINFN Perugia S MagillANL Argonne A MaioLIPP Lisbon H OberlackMPI Munich A ParaFermilab R WigmansTTU Lubbock R YoshidaANL Argonne R ZhuCaltech Local Organizing Committee Y WangIHEP (Chair) Y GaoTshinghua University T HuIHEP (Scientific secretary) C LiUSTC W LiIHEP J LuIHEP P WangIHEP T XuIHEP L ZhouIHEP Session Conveners 1) Materials and detectors - Junguang Lu (IHEP), Francesca Nessi (CERN) 2) Algorithm and simulation - Nural Akchurin

  8. GRASS GIS: a peer-reviewed scientific platform and future research repository

    Chemin, Yann; Petras, Vaclav; Petrasova, Anna; Landa, Martin; Gebbert, Sören; Zambelli, Pietro; Neteler, Markus; Löwe, Peter; Di Leo, Margherita


    ., Harmon, B., Petras, V., Mitasova, H., 2014. GIS-based environmental modeling with tangible interaction and dynamic visualization. In: Ames, D.P., Quinn, N.W.T., Rizzoli, A.E. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software, June 15-19, San Diego, California, USA. ISBN: 978-88-9035-744-2 [17] Raghavan, v., Choosumrong, S., Yoshida, D., Vinayaraj, P., 2014. Deploying Dynamic Routing Service for Emergency Scenarios using pgRouting, GRASS and ZOO. In Proc. of FOSS4G Europe, Jacobs University, Bremen, Germany, July 15-17, 2014. [18] Rocchini, D., Neteler, M. ,2012. Let the four freedoms paradigm apply to ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 27: 310-311. [19] Rodriguez-Aseretto, D., de Rigo, D., Di Leo, M., Cortés, A., and San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2013. A data-driven model for large wildfire behaviour prediction in europe. Procedia Computer Science, vol. 18, pp. 1861-1870. [20] de Rigo, D., Rodriguez-Aseretto, D., Bosco, C., Di Leo, M., and San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2013. An architecture for adaptive robust modelling of wildfire behaviour under deep uncertainty. in Environmental Software Systems. Fostering Information Sharing, ser. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, J. Ȟrebíˇ cek, G. Schimak, M. Kubásek, and A. Rizzoli, Eds. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013, vol. 413, pp. 367-380. [21] Rothermel, R. C., 1983. How to predict the spread and intensity of forest and range fires. US Forest Service, Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-143. Ogden, Utah. [22] Suleiman, A., Al-Bakri, J., Duqqah, M. & Crago, R. ,2008. Intercomparison ofevapotranspiration estimates at the different ecological zones in jordan, Journal of Hydrometeorology 9(5): 903-919. [23] Timmermans, W. J., Kustas, W. P., Anderson, M. C. & French, A. N. ,2007. An intercomparison of the surface energy balance algorithm for land (sebal) and the two-source energy balance (tseb) modeling schemes, Remote Sensing of Environment 108(4): 369 - 384. [24] Xu, Jianping, 1994

  9. PREFACE: 11th IAEA Technical Meeting on H-mode Physics and Transport Barriers

    Takizuka, Tomonori


    and Fusion Center, USA) F Ryter (Max-Plank-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany) H Saimaru (University of Tsukuba, Japan) R Sakamoto (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) Y Sakamoto (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) M Sasaki (University of Tokyo, Japan) Y Shi (Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, China) A Shimizu (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) T Shimozuma (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) P B Snyder (General Atomics, USA) C Suzuki (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) H Takahashi (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) Y Takahashi (Nagoya University, Japan) Y Takeiri (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) H Takenaga (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) M Takeuchi (Nagoya University, Japan) T Takizuka (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) N Tamura (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) K Tanaka (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) S Tokuda (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) S Tokunaga (Kyushu University, Japan) G Turri (Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, EPFL, Switzerland) H Urano (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) H Utoh (Tohok University, Japan) K Uzawa (Kyoto University, Japan) M Valovic (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) L Vermare (Max-Plank-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany) F Watanabe (Nagoya University, Japan) M Yagi (Kyushu University, Japan) Y Yamaguchi (University of Tsukuba, Japan) K Yamazaki (Nagoya University, Japan) M Yokoyama (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) M Yoshida (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) M Yoshinuma (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan)

  10. PREFACE: Dynamic crossover phenomena in water and other glass-forming liquids Dynamic crossover phenomena in water and other glass-forming liquids

    Chen, Sow-Hsin; Baglioni, Piero


    neutron spin echo measurements, the effect of temperature on dynamic cluster formation of concentrated lysozyme solutions. Xin Li et al explore the use of the newly developed technique of spin echo small angle neutron scattering (SESANS) to investigate the structure of a colloid. They find the SESANS is able to resolve structural heterogeneity, at both intra- and inter-colloidal length scales. The choice of the topics and their elaboration reflects both the diversified current and past research interests of Professor Chen to whom this special section of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter is dedicated. The issue contains papers from a substantial number of the invited speakers. The papers are arranged in the three categories of water, other glass-forming liquids, and colloids. It is our pleasure to thank all speakers, section chairs and participants who contributed to the great success of the workshop, and to all authors for their additional efforts in preparing their manuscripts. The scientific program of the workshop was organized by Professor Sow-Hsin Chen and Professor Piero Baglioni. The meeting was only possible with the generous financial support of the Consorzio per lo Sviluppo dei Sistemi a Grande Interfase (CSGI) and the University of Florence, Italy. Finally, we express our warmest gratitude to all the members of the local organizing committee and to the staff of the CSGI for all their assistance and great efforts in organizing this meeting. Dynamic crossover phenomena in water and other glass-forming liquids contents Water Neutron spin echo measurements of monolayer and capillary condensed water in MCM-41 at low temperaturesK Yoshida, T Yamaguchi, S Kittaka, M-C Bellissent-Funel and P Fouquet Water dynamics in a lithium chloride aqueous solution probed by Brillouin neutron and x-ray scatteringE Mamontov, A De Francesco, F Formisano, A Laloni, L Sani, B M Leu, A H Said and A I Kolesnikov The dynamical crossover phenomenon in bulk water, confined water and

  11. 国外文献速报


    记录顺序: 编号作者(前三名).论文题目(语言).论文载体,年份,卷(号):起止页码 铸造有色合金 040101 Hogg S C,Atkinson H V,Hetherington C J D.喷射成型过共晶Al~Si合金初生硅中铝的析出(英).Pnilos.May.Lett.,2000,80,(7): 477~482 040102 Chmiel J.中间合金:AlTiB及AlSr的铸造实践(葡).Przegl.Odlew.,2000,50(2): 66~68 040103 Yokota S,Mizuno K,Fukusako T.铸造模数对AC4B铝合金挤压圆柱铸件的组织和抗拉强度的影响(日).J.Jpn.Inst.Light Met.,2000,50(5): 198~202 040104 Kawamura T.铝工业技术战略的研究与调查(日).J.Jpn.Inst.Light Met.,2000,50(5): 227~236 040105 Yoshida M,Fukunaga H,Tald K.铝熔液中的氢对挤压铸造材料的显微缩松和力学性能的影响(日).J.Jpn,Inst,Light Met.,2000,50 (7): 325~329 040106 Chang Y,Shin D H,Yoo J E.定向激冷铸造Al-10Si-2Cu-1Mg-0.5Mn合金的均质化(韩).J.Korean Inst.Met.Mater.,2000,38(8): 980~984 040107 Kang G,Cho H K,Kim D H.用挤压铸造生产大块Mg-Cu-Ag-Y非晶体合金(英).Mater.Trans.,JIM,2000,41(7): 846~849 040108 Yzabari Y,Reich I.质量轻刚度低的镁合金方向盘设计(英).Proceedings of the Second Israeli International Conference on Magnesium Science Technology,Magnesium Research Institute,Potash House,P.O.Box75,Beer-Sheva,84100,Israel,2000. 040109 Kolotilov V I,Semenov B I.砂型中铝基复合材料的定向凝固条件研究(俄).Tekhnol.Met.,2000(7): 14~17 040110 Witt M,Hauler P,Sponheim K.铸铝和铸镁底盘零件的疲劳强度(英).Proceedings of the Second Israeli International Conference on Magnesium Science Technology,Magnesium Research Institute,Potash House,P.O.Box 75,Beer-Sheva,84100,Israel,2000. 040111 Mathieu S,Hazan J,Rapin C.压铸及触变铸造AZ91D镁合金的腐蚀行为,缓蚀剂羰酸钠的应用(英).Proceedings of the Second Israeli International Conference on Magnesium Science Technology,Magnesium Research Institute,Potash House,P.O.Box 75,Beer-Sheva,84100,Israel,2000. 040112