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Sample records for yo sogo hyoka

  1. Interim evaluation report of the mutually operable database systems by different computers; Denshi keisanki sogo un'yo database system chukan hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    This is the interim report on evaluation of the mutually operable database systems by different computers. The techniques for these systems fall into four categories of those related to (1) dispersed data systems, (2) multimedia, (3) high reliability, and (4) elementary techniques for mutually operable network systems. The techniques for the category (1) include those for vertically dispersed databases, database systems for multiple addresses in a wide area, and open type combined database systems, which have been in progress generally as planned. Those for the category (2) include the techniques for color document inputting and information retrieval, meaning compiling, understanding highly overlapping data, and controlling data centered by drawings, which have been in progress generally as planned. Those for the category (3) include the techniques for improving resistance of the networks to obstruction, and security of the data in the networks, which have been in progress generally as planned. Those for the category (4) include the techniques for rule processing for development of protocols, protocols for mutually connecting the systems, and high-speed, high-function networks, which have been in progress generally as planned. It is expected that the original objectives are finally achieved, because the development programs for these categories have been in progress generally as planned. (NEDO)

  2. Interim evaluation report of the mutually operable database systems by different computers; Denshi keisanki sogo un'yo database system chukan hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    This is the interim report on evaluation of the mutually operable database systems by different computers. The techniques for these systems fall into four categories of those related to (1) dispersed data systems, (2) multimedia, (3) high reliability, and (4) elementary techniques for mutually operable network systems. The techniques for the category (1) include those for vertically dispersed databases, database systems for multiple addresses in a wide area, and open type combined database systems, which have been in progress generally as planned. Those for the category (2) include the techniques for color document inputting and information retrieval, meaning compiling, understanding highly overlapping data, and controlling data centered by drawings, which have been in progress generally as planned. Those for the category (3) include the techniques for improving resistance of the networks to obstruction, and security of the data in the networks, which have been in progress generally as planned. Those for the category (4) include the techniques for rule processing for development of protocols, protocols for mutually connecting the systems, and high-speed, high-function networks, which have been in progress generally as planned. It is expected that the original objectives are finally achieved, because the development programs for these categories have been in progress generally as planned. (NEDO)

  3. Evaluation report on research and development of a database system for mutual computer operation; Denshi keisanki sogo un'yo database system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    This paper describes evaluation on the research and development of a database system for mutual computer operation, with respect to discrete database technology, multi-media technology, high reliability technology, and mutual operation network system technology. A large number of research results placing the views on the future were derived, such as the issues of discretion and utilization patterns of the discrete database, structuring of data for multi-media information, retrieval systems, flexible and high-level utilization of the network, and the issues in database protection. These achievements are publicly disclosed widely. The largest feature of this project is in aiming at forming a network system that can be operated mutually under multi-vender environment. Therefore, the researches and developments have been executed under the spirit of the principle of openness to public and international cooperation. These efforts are represented by organizing the rule establishment committee, execution of mutual interconnection experiment (including demonstration evaluation), and development of the mounting rules based on the ISO's 'open system interconnection (OSI)'. These results are compiled in the JIS as the basic reference model for the open system interconnection, whereas the targets shown in the basic plan have been achieved sufficiently. (NEDO)

  4. Evaluation report on research and development of a database system for mutual computer operation; Denshi keisanki sogo un'yo database system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    This paper describes evaluation on the research and development of a database system for mutual computer operation, with respect to discrete database technology, multi-media technology, high reliability technology, and mutual operation network system technology. A large number of research results placing the views on the future were derived, such as the issues of discretion and utilization patterns of the discrete database, structuring of data for multi-media information, retrieval systems, flexible and high-level utilization of the network, and the issues in database protection. These achievements are publicly disclosed widely. The largest feature of this project is in aiming at forming a network system that can be operated mutually under multi-vender environment. Therefore, the researches and developments have been executed under the spirit of the principle of openness to public and international cooperation. These efforts are represented by organizing the rule establishment committee, execution of mutual interconnection experiment (including demonstration evaluation), and development of the mounting rules based on the ISO's 'open system interconnection (OSI)'. These results are compiled in the JIS as the basic reference model for the open system interconnection, whereas the targets shown in the basic plan have been achieved sufficiently. (NEDO)

  5. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bangsbo, Jens; Iaia, F. Marcello; Krustrup, Peter

    2008-01-01

    The two Yo-Yo intermittent recovery (IR) tests evaluate an individual's ability to repeatedly perform intense exercise. The Yo-Yo IR level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) test focuses on the capacity to carry out intermittent exercise leading to a maximal activation of the aerobic system, whereas Yo-Yo IR level 2...

  6. The Yo-Yo IE2 test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krustrup, Peter; Bradley, Paul S; Christensen, Jesper F

    2015-01-01

    To examine the physical capacity and physiological response to the Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance level 2 test (IE2) for untrained individuals and trained male soccer players, and to investigate the determinants of intense intermittent exercise performance.......To examine the physical capacity and physiological response to the Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance level 2 test (IE2) for untrained individuals and trained male soccer players, and to investigate the determinants of intense intermittent exercise performance....

  7. Exploring the Yo-Yo: Filipino Physics Fun

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murfin, Brian

    2012-01-01

    The yo-yo is a scientific toy that has fascinated young and old for thousands of years. According to yo-yo experts, the yo-yo is the second oldest toy in the world, after the doll. Yo-yo activities can be an excellent tool to help students explore many important physics concepts related to energy and motion. The rich history of the yo-yo offers…

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on the development of total evaluation research laboratory system for the medical welfare equipment technology research and development project; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu project yo sogo hyoka kenkyu rabo system kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    A laboratory system named above has been developed to propel forward efficiently the efforts to develop medical welfare technologies through close coordination between medicine and engineering. Six laboratories are linked with each other in a network for the realization of an environment in which general support is extended to all the stages of equipment development from basic through clinical assessment. The biomedical engineering laboratory is constituted of various analyzing devices, and is capable of in vitro assessment of bioingredients. The therapeutic laboratory is provided with bioinformation/NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) measurement equipment, animal surgical operation equipment, etc., and performs the assessment of test animals at the first stage of clinical assessment. The diagnostic laboratory acquires various image data necessary for the development of medical equipment at the same level as that of the site of clinical diagnosis. The intelligent surgical operation room takes in real-time diagnostic images while a surgical operation is under way and, at the same time, assesses surgical devices in the same environment as that of the surgical operation room. The medical information laboratory accumulates medical and image data from the other laboratories, and integrates the accumulated data. The data management center manages the laboratories in a unified way and enables comprehensive assessment and research. (NEDO)

  9. Ecological validity of the Yo-Yo SFIE2 test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krustrup, Peter; Randers, Morten Bredsgaard; Horton, J

    2012-01-01

    The present study investigated the movement pattern of Portuguese top-level futsal referees (n=16) during competitive games and the ecological validity of the new Yo-Yo Sideways-Forwards Intermittent Endurance level 2 test (Yo-Yo SFIE2). Total distance covered (TD), high-intensity running (HIR...

  10. Mechanical Study of a Modern Yo-Yo

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Izarra, Charles

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the study of a modern yo-yo having a centrifugal clutch allowing the free rolling. First, the mechanical parts of the yo-yo are measured, allowing us to determine analytically its velocity according to its height of fall. Then, we are more particularly interested in the centrifugal device constituted by springs and small…

  11. Yoğurt

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Taha Toros Arşivi, Dosya Adı: Taha Toros Yoğurt ile ilgili söylenmiş atasözleri ve yoğurdun faydasını anlatan sözleri içeren not. İstanbul Kalkınma Ajansı (TR10/14/YEN/0033) İstanbul Development Agency (TR10/14/YEN/0033)

  12. Mechanical study of a modern yo-yo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Izarra, Charles

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the study of a modern yo-yo having a centrifugal clutch allowing the free rolling. First, the mechanical parts of the yo-yo are measured, allowing us to determine analytically its velocity according to its height of fall. Then, we are more particularly interested in the centrifugal device constituted by springs and small masses. The physics of this toy is suitable for undergraduate students, illustrating the concepts of dynamics of rigid bodies and of potential energy.

  13. La escritura del Yo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Landaeta Mardones

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Si la creación de una imagen fidedigna del mundo fue la condición de la conquista cognitiva y económica de la tierra, las imágenes mediáticas circulan hoy en día a la manera de un montaje que organiza los sujetos como elementos de un territorio. En esta presentación abordaremos el cruce entre estos dos hechos, entre la escritura del mundo y la de los sujetos, a partir de la idea de Fabulación para mostrar otra escritura del mundo y del yo, leyendo textos e imágenes de la Primera buena Corónica y Buen Gobierno de Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala.

  14. Industrial and scientific technology research and development project fiscal 1997 commissioned by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization. Report on research and development of a brain type computer architecture `trial fabrication and high-level evaluation on chips for a large-scale artificial neural system` and on results of evaluation studies on the chips; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Nogata computer architecture no kenkyu kaihatsu `daikibo jinko shinkei kairo system yo chip no shisaku to kodo hyoka` chip hyoka kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In order to develop a brain type computer architecture, a brain mimic processor (BMP) has been developed (which was made in LSI in fiscal 1997), and studies are being made on developing its applications. Development has been made on an element in which linkage of one million cells with one thousand neural cells can be realized. Evaluation substrates mounted with the BMP, control software, and compilers were provided to 15 organizations including the National Research Institutes, universities, corporations, and other societies (for 19 themes) to evaluate capability of the LSI and its application development. All of the research organizations are using these items utilizing features of the LSI or the network for such purposes as learning, storage, recognition and control. The applicable theme may include infrared spectrum pattern recognition and domain division of document images using neural network functions. It can also include structural analysis of mass spectrum molecules, time series pattern recognition, location of corresponding points in images, estimation of moving images, satellite control, character recognition, short time storage, long-term association memory models, and invention process studies, all utilizing the functions of the BMP. 71 refs., 89 figs., 9 tabs.

  15. Yo-Yo IR2 testing of elite and sub-elite soccer players

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingebrigtsen, Jørgen; Bendiksen, Mads; Randers, Morten Bredsgaard

    2012-01-01

    Abstract We examined performance, heart rate response and construct validity of the Yo-Yo IR2 test by testing 111 elite and 92 sub-elite soccer players from Norway and Denmark. VO(2)max, Yo-Yo IR1 and repeated sprint tests (RSA) (n = 51) and match-analyses (n = 39) were also performed. Yo-Yo IR2...

  16. Encuentro "Mi marca y yo"

    OpenAIRE

    Universidad de Alicante. Observatorio Comunicación en Cambio

    2013-01-01

    La gestión de la marca personal, especialmente en los entornos digitales, ha cobrado actualmente gran importancia como estrategia de posicionamiento profesional. Te invitamos a que asistas a nuestro encuentro "Mi marca y yo" para reflexionar sobre qué implica contar con una marca personal.

  17. The yo-yo IR2 test: physiological response, reliability, and application to elite soccer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krustrup, Peter; Mohr, Magni; Nybo, Lars

    2006-01-01

    biopsies and blood samples were obtained, and heart rate was measured before, during, and after the Yo-Yo IR2 test. Additionally, 119 Scandinavian elite soccer players carried out the Yo-Yo IR2 test on two to four occasions. Results: Yo-Yo IR2 performance was 591 +/- 43 (320-920) m or 4.3 (2.6-7.9) min...... was better (P elite soccer players than for moderate elite players (1059 +/- 35 vs 771 +/- 26 m) and better (P elite soccer players...... turnover. Specifically, the Yo-Yo IR2 test was shown to be a sensitive tool to differentiate between intermittent exercise performance of soccer players in different seasonal periods and at different competitive levels and playing positions....

  18. The application of the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 2 test to elite female soccer populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bradley, P S; Bendiksen, M; Dellal, A

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance test level 2 (Yo-Yo IE2) to elite female soccer populations. Elite senior (n = 92), youth (n = 42), domestic (n = 46) and sub-elite female soccer players (n = 19) carried out the Yo-Yo IE2 test on numerous...... occasions across the season. Test-retest coefficient of variation (CV) in Yo-Yo IE2 test performance in domestic female players was 4.5%. Elite senior female players' Yo-Yo IE2 test performances were better (P ... 1490 ± 447, 1261 ± 449, and 994 ± 373 m). For elite senior female players, wide midfielders (2057 ± 550 m) had a higher Yo-Yo IE2 test performance (P 

  19. Sensitivity of the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test and cardiac autonomic responses to training in futsal players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Freitas, Victor H; Pereira, Lucas A; de Souza, Eberton A; Leicht, Anthony S; Bertollo, Maurizio; Nakamura, Fábio Y

    2015-07-01

    This study examined the sensitivity of maximal (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery [IR] 1 and 2) and submaximal (5'-5') tests to identify training adaptations in futsal players along with the suitability of heart-rate (HR) and HR-variability (HRV) measures to identify these adaptations. Eleven male professional futsal players were assessed before (pretraining) and after (posttraining) a 5-wk period. Assessments included 5'-5' and Yo-Yo IR1 and IR2 performances and HR and HRV at rest and during the IR and 5'-5' tests. Magnitude-based-inference analyses examined the differences between pre- and posttraining, while relationships between changes in variables were determined via correlation. Posttraining, Yo-Yo IR1 performance likely increased while Yo-Yo IR2 performance almost certainly increased. Submaximal HR during the Yo-Yo IR1 and Yo-Yo IR2 almost certainly and likely, respectively, decreased with training. HR during the 5'-5' was very likely decreased, while HRV at rest and during the 5'-5' was likely increased after training. Changes in both Yo-Yo IR performances were negatively correlated with changes in HR during the Yo-Yo IR1 test and positively correlated with the change in HRV during the 5'-5'. The current study has identified the Yo-Yo IR2 as more responsive for monitoring training-induced changes of futsal players than the Yo-Yo IR1. Changes in submaximal HR during the Yo-Yo IR and HRV during the 5'-5' were highly sensitive to changes in maximal performance and are recommended for monitoring training. The 5'-5' was recommended as a time-efficient method to assess training adaptations for futsal players.

  20. Scintigraphic detection of 'yo-yo' phenomenon in incomplete ureteric duplication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chu, Winnie C.W.; Chan, Kam-wing; Metreweli, Constantine

    2003-01-01

    'Yo-yo' reflux in an incompletely duplicated renal system was demonstrated on 99m Tc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) renal scintigraphy in a 7-year-old girl presenting with low-grade fever and pyelonephritis. Incomplete duplication and a bifid renal pelvis, which may be seen in up to 4% of the North American population, occasionally causes symptoms because of recurrent urinary tract infection or loin pain. 99m Tc-MAG3 renal scintigraphy can demonstrate 'yo-yo' reflux in patients with incomplete renal duplication and should be considered in cases with unexplained loin pain, even if 99m Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scintigraphy is normal. (orig.)

  1. The application of the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 2 test to elite female soccer populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, P S; Bendiksen, M; Dellal, A; Mohr, M; Wilkie, A; Datson, N; Orntoft, C; Zebis, M; Gomez-Diaz, A; Bangsbo, J; Krustrup, P

    2014-02-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance test level 2 (Yo-Yo IE2) to elite female soccer populations. Elite senior (n = 92), youth (n = 42), domestic (n = 46) and sub-elite female soccer players (n = 19) carried out the Yo-Yo IE2 test on numerous occasions across the season. Test-retest coefficient of variation (CV) in Yo-Yo IE2 test performance in domestic female players was 4.5%. Elite senior female players' Yo-Yo IE2 test performances were better (P wide midfielders (2057 ± 550 m) had a higher Yo-Yo IE2 test performance (P World Cup Finals (2049 ± 283 vs 1803 ± 342 m). The data demonstrate that the Yo-Yo IE2 test is reproducible and is an indicator of the match-specific physical capacity of female soccer players. Furthermore, the Yo-Yo IE2 test illustrates sensitivity by differentiating intermittent exercise performance of female players in various competitive levels, stages of the season and playing positions. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Sodium bicarbonate ingestion improves Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test 1 performance: a randomized crossover trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dixon H

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Helen Dixon,1 Catherine E Baker,2 Julien S Baker,3 Susan Dewhurst,4 Lawrence D Hayes4 1School of Human Sciences, London Metropolitan University, London, 2English Institute of Sport, Bisham Abbey National Sports Center, Buckinghamshire, 3Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton, 4Department of Medical and Sport Sciences, University of Cumbria, Lancaster, UK Abstract: This study investigated the effect of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3– ingestion on the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test 1 (IR1. We tested the hypothesis that acute ingestion of NaHCO3– would increase blood lactate concentrations [BLa], enhance performance, and reduce rating of perceived exertion (RPE in the Yo-Yo IR1. Eight recreationally active males (N=8, age: 26±4 yr, height: 178±6 cm, body mass: 82±10 kg participated in the Yo-Yo IR1 on two separate occasions, separated by 1 wk, in a randomized crossover design. Following familiarization, during seated rest, participants’ pretest [BLa] was taken, and participants then consumed either a placebo of 0.3 g·kg–1 body weight sodium chloride or 0.3 g·kg–1 body weight NaHCO3–. Sixty minutes postingestion, a standardized warm-up preceded the Yo-Yo IR1. Upon completion, postexercise [BLa] (mmol·L–1, RPE (arbitrary units and Yo-Yo IR1 time to fatigue (s were recorded. Paired t-test revealed a small but significant improvement in Yo-Yo IR1 performance under the NaHCO3– condition (610±267 sec, compared to the placebo condition (556±259 sec; p=0.01; Cohen’s d=0.20. [BLa] increased more under the NaHCO3– condition (1.6±0.7 to 17.5±5.2 mmol·L–1; p<0.001; Cohen’s d=4.29, compared to the placebo condition (2.0±0.7 to 11.5±5.0 mmol·L–1; p=0.001; Cohen’s d=2.66. Postexercise RPE was not significantly different between conditions. The results of this study suggest that acute NaHCO3– ingestion improves Yo-Yo IR1 performance without altering RPE, likely

  3. El yo en crisis: embarazo adolescente

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera, Raquel; Blanda, Elizabeth; García, Silvina

    2009-01-01

    El siguiente trabajo, cuyo objetivo es analizar las funciones yoicas de un grupo de adolescentes embarazadas, surge a partir de la Tesis de Licenciatura en Psicología “Vicisitudes del Yo en la adolescente embarazada. Análisis de su funcionamiento”, de la Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Argentina. Los cambios producidos en la adolescencia son tan continuos que llevan a pensar que un yo sometido a una permanente crisis debe adoptar características espec íficas como instancia mediadora y organ...

  4. Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test-Level 1 to monitor changes in aerobic fitness in pre-pubertal boys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fernandes, Luís; Krustrup, Peter; Silva, Gustavo

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The present study aimed to examine the performance and heart rate responses during the Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test-Level 1 (Yo-Yo IE1) in children under the age of 10. One hundred and seven male children (7-9 years) performed the Yo-Yo IE1 at the beginning (M1), middle (M2) and end...... (M3) of the school year. Data from individual heart rate curves of the Yo-Yo IE1 were analysed in order to detect the inflection point between an initial phase of fast rise in heart rate values and a second phase in which the rise of the heart rate values is much smaller. The distance covered...

  5. Characterization of interactions of coal surface with solvent by flow microcalorimetric measurement. 3; Netsuryo sokutei ni yoru sekitan hyomen to yozai tono sogo sayo no hyoka. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, N.; Sasaki, M.; Yoshida, T. [Hokkaido National Industrial Research Institute, Sapporo (Japan); Kotanigawa, T. [Japan International Corporation Agency, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-28

    An investigation was given on the relationship between methanol adsorbing behavior of reformed coal surface and oxygen containing functional groups in coal. Akabira bituminous coal was air-oxidized or Yallourn brown coal was decarbonated in oil as a reformation treatment. Both of the treated and untreated coals showed an adsorption heat curve of the Langmuir type. The Akabira coal had its oxygen content and the adsorption heat increased as a result of the air oxidizing reformation treatment. The Yallourn coal had its oxygen content and adsorption heat decreased as a result decarbonation reformation treatment. Oxygen containing functional groups act as strong adsorption sites for methanol, and the maximum adsorption amount depends on oxygen content in the coals. Since the coal surface is non-uniform in terms of energy, methanol is adsorbed first into sites with higher molar adsorption heat, and then into lower sites sequentially. Therefore, distribution of the molar adsorption heat can be derived from the relationship between adsorption amount and adsorption heat by changing methanol adsorption amount. The distribution of molar adsorption heat becomes broader when the oxygen content is high, and narrower when low. 2 refs., 2 figs.

  6. Evaluation report on research and development of 'the comprehensive water recycling and utilization systems'; 'Mizu sogo saisei riyo system' no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-08-01

    This research and development project is aimed at treatment of sewage, industrial waste water and the like at lower cost for reutilization, while efficiently producing methane or the like by the systems annexed to the water treatment systems with high-concentration bio-reactor systems incorporating separation membranes. The waste water types studied to be treated by these systems include sewage discharged in large quantities and waste water containing oil/fat and protein (low-concentration waste water), and starch-, alcohol and paper/pulp-containing waste water, and excrements (medium-concentration waste water). The project has found the optimum systems, by adequately configuring the separation membrane modules, and combining dissolution of suspended solid with methane fermentation reactors for selective treatment of organic substances; improved efficiencies of removing organic substances and producing methane by fermentation, and realized reduction in quantities of discharged sludge; and thereby established the bases for the new waste water treatment techniques. The reactor systems developed for water treatment are those based on biological removal of nitrogen. They greatly reduce treatment time to produce treated water of high quality. For treatment of sludge, the techniques have been developed to convert sludge into oil. These results are well applicable to various areas, e.g., sewage treatment, and food and pulp industries. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 2000 research report on the study on management program for comprehensive assessment of chemical materials; 2000 nendo kagaku busshitsu sogo hyoka kanri program ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the realization of environmentally friendly, sound economic activities and the assurance of a safe and peaceful daily life for people, studies were conducted about comprehensive risk assessment and management techniques to use in dealing with chemical substances. Concerning the above-named management program, a workshop was called, where panel discussion and exchange of views and opinions were held. In the study of overseas technological trends, visits were paid to interested institutes and corporations in Denmark, Sweden, and Germany, where hearings were held over the management and manufacture of chemical substances. Concerning the control of chemical substances, surveys were conducted of the control in Japan and abroad and of the methods that businesses and other organizations followed in meeting the control. It was found that the control was being dealt with earnestly in every country and that chemical substances would stay managed under international collaborative conditions. Efforts were being positively exerted by businesses and other organizations to properly manage and reduce chemical substances and to develop and use substitutes. It was found that measures for handling chemical substances were closely knit into business management. (NEDO)

  8. Relationships between the yo-yo intermittent recovery test and anaerobic performance tests in adolescent handball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermassi, Souhail; Aouadi, Ridha; Khalifa, Riadh; van den Tillaar, Roland; Shephard, Roy J; Chelly, Mohamed Souhaiel

    2015-03-29

    The aim of the present study was to investigate relationships between a performance index derived from the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1) and other measures of physical performance and skill in handball players. The other measures considered included peak muscular power of the lower limbs (Wpeak), jumping ability (squat and counter-movement jumps (SJ, CMJ), a handball skill test and the average sprinting velocities over the first step (VS) and the first 5 m (V5m). Test scores for 25 male national-level adolescent players (age: 17.2 ± 0.7 years) averaged 4.83 ± 0.34 m·s(-1) (maximal velocity reached at the Yo-Yo IR1); 917 ± 105 Watt, 12.7 ± 3 W·kg(-1) (Wpeak); 3.41 ± 0.5 m·s(-1) and 6.03 ± 0.6 m·s(-1) (sprint velocities for Vs and V5m respectively) and 10.3 ± 1 s (handball skill test). Yo-Yo IR1 test scores showed statistically significant correlations with all of the variables examined: Wpeak (W and W·kg(-1)) r = 0.80 and 0.65, respectively, p≤0.001); sprinting velocities (r = 0.73 and 0.71 for VS and V5m respectively; p≤0.001); jumping performance (SJ: r = 0.60, p≤0.001; CMJ: r= 0.66, p≤0.001) and the handball skill test (r = 0.71; p≤0.001). We concluded that the Yo-Yo test score showed a sufficient correlation with other potential means of assessing handball players, and that intra-individual changes of Yo-Yo IR1 score could provide a useful composite index of the response to training or rehabilitation, although correlations lack sufficient precision to help in players' selection.

  9. Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Performance in Subelite Gaelic Football Players From Under Thirteen to Senior Age Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roe, Mark; Malone, Shane

    2016-11-01

    Roe, M and Malone, S. Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test performance in subelite Gaelic football players from under thirteen to senior age groups. J Strength Cond Res 30 (11): 3187-3193, 2016-Gaelic football is indigenous to Ireland and has similar locomotion profiles to soccer and Australian Football. Given the increasing attention on long-term player development, investigations on age-related variation in Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-YoIR1) performance may provide useful information in talent identification, program design, and player monitoring. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate Yo-YoIR1 performance across Gaelic football age groups. Male participants (n = 355) were recruited from division one, Gaelic football teams. Participants were allocated to one of the 7 groups according to respective age groups from under 13 (U13), under 14, under 15 (U15), under 16 (U16), minor, under 21 (U21), to senior age groups. Total Yo-YoIR1 distance (m) increased progressively from U13 (885 ± 347 m) to U16 (1,595 ± 380 m) equating to a rate of change of 180.2%. In comparison to U13, total distance at minor (1,206 ± 327 m) increased by 136.4%. Subsequent increases were observed in U21 (1,585 ± 445 m) and senior players (2,365 ± 489). Minimum (800-880 m) and maximum (2,240-2,280 m) total distances were comparable for U15, U16, and U21 players. Differences in total distance (m) for all age groups were statistically significant when compared to U13 players (p age groups for total distance was deemed to be large (effect size > 0.8). Similar trends were observed for maximum velocity and estimated V[Combining Dot Above]O2max. The evolution of Yo-YoIR1 performance in Gaelic football players from adolescents to adulthood highlights how maturation may influence sport-related running ability. Changes in Yo-YoIR1 performance should be closely monitored to optimize interventions for individuals transitioning across age groups.

  10. Sub-maximal and maximal Yo-Yo intermittent endurance test level 2: heart rate response, reproducibility and application to elite soccer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bradley, Paul S; Mohr, Magni; Bendiksen, Mads

    2011-01-01

    to detect test-retest changes and discriminate between performance for different playing standards and positions in elite soccer. Elite (n = 148) and sub-elite male (n = 14) soccer players carried out the Yo-Yo IE2 test on several occasions over consecutive seasons. Test-retest coefficient of variation (CV......) in Yo-Yo IE2 test performance and heart rate after 6 min were 3.9% (n = 37) and 1.4% (n = 32), respectively. Elite male senior and youth U19 players Yo-Yo IE2 performances were better (P ......The aims of this study were to (1) determine the reproducibility of sub-maximal and maximal versions of the Yo-Yo intermittent endurance test level 2 (Yo-Yo IE2 test), (2) assess the relationship between the Yo-Yo IE2 test and match performance and (3) quantify the sensitivity of the Yo-Yo IE2 test...

  11. Reliability and construct validity of Yo-Yo tests in untrained and soccer-trained school-girls aged 9-16

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Póvoas, Susana C A; Castagna, Carlo; Soares, José Manuel da Costa

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The reliability and construct validity of three age-adapted-intensity Yo-Yo tests were evaluated in untrained (n=67) vs. soccer-trained (n=65) 9-16-year-old school-girls. Methods: Tests were performed 7 days apart for reliability (9-11-year-old: Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 children...... during test and retest. Conclusion: The Yo-Yo tests are reliable for determining intermittent-exercise capacity and %HRpeak for soccer players and untrained 9-16-year-old girls. They also possess construct validity with better performances for soccer players compared to untrained age-matched girls...

  12. Relationships Between the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test and Anaerobic Performance Tests in Adolescent Handball Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermassi Souhail

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to investigate relationships between a performance index derived from the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1 and other measures of physical performance and skill in handball players. The other measures considered included peak muscular power of the lower limbs (Wpeak, jumping ability (squat and counter-movement jumps (SJ, CMJ, a handball skill test and the average sprinting velocities over the first step (VS and the first 5 m (V5m. Test scores for 25 male national-level adolescent players (age: 17.2 ± 0.7 years averaged 4.83 ± 0.34 m·s-1 (maximal velocity reached at the Yo-Yo IR1; 917 ± 105 Watt, 12.7 ± 3 W·kg-1 (Wpeak; 3.41 ± 0.5 m·s-1 and 6.03 ± 0.6 m·s-1 (sprint velocities for Vs and V5m respectively and 10.3 ± 1 s (handball skill test. Yo-Yo IR1 test scores showed statistically significant correlations with all of the variables examined: Wpeak (W and W·kg-1 r = 0.80 and 0.65, respectively, p≤0.001; sprinting velocities (r = 0.73 and 0.71 for VS and V5m respectively; p≤0.001; jumping performance (SJ: r = 0.60, p≤0.001; CMJ: r= 0.66, p≤0.001 and the handball skill test (r = 0.71; p≤0.001. We concluded that the Yo-Yo test score showed a sufficient correlation with other potential means of assessing handball players, and that intra-individual changes of Yo-Yo IR1 score could provide a useful composite index of the response to training or rehabilitation, although correlations lack sufficient precision to help in players’ selection.

  13. Análisis de la relación entre el Yo-Yo Test y el consumo máximo de oxígeno en jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. [Analysis of the relationship between Yo-Yo Test and maximum oxygen uptake in young football players].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Sánchez-Oliva

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to examine the validity of the Yo-Yo Endurance Test Level 1 to estimate the maximum oxygen uptake in football players. Participants were 15 male football players, ranging in age from 17 to 19 years old (M = 17,9; DT = 0,67, who developed a laboratory test until exhaustion and Yo-Yo Test Level 1. Results showed significant differences in the values directly and indirectly obtained, being the values lower in the oxygen uptake estimated with Yo-Yo Test. Furthermore, Yo-Yo Test performance was not related with maximum oxygen uptake relative to weight on laboratory, showing that Yo-Yo Endurance Test Level 1, through the equation described by Bangsbo, Iaia, and Krustrup (2008 is not a valid test to estimate maximum oxygen uptake in young football players.

  14. Quantum local quench, AdS/BCFT and Yo-Yo string

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Astaneh, Amin Faraji; Mosaffa, Amir Esmaeil

    2015-01-01

    We propose a holographic model for local quench in 1+1 dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). The local quench is produced by joining two identical CFT’s on semi-infinite lines. When these theories have a zero boundary entropy, we use the AdS/Boundary CFT proposal to describe this process in terms of bulk physics. Boundaries of the original CFT’s are extended in AdS as dynamical surfaces. In our holographic picture these surfaces detach from the boundary and form a closed folded string which can propagate in the bulk. The dynamics of this string is governed by the tensionless Yo-Yo string solution and its subsequent evolution determines the time dependence after quench. We use this model to calculate holographic Entanglement Entropy (EE) of an interval as a function of time. We propose how the falling string deforms Ryu-Takayanagi’s curves. Using the deformed curves we calculate EE and find complete agreement with field theory results.

  15. Como Lo Hago Yo: Mielomeningocele En Bolivia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabdoub, Carlos F.; Dabdoub, Carlos B.; Villavicencio, Ramiro; Quevedo, Germán

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: Las malformaciones del tubo neural (MTN) representan la segunda causa más frecuente de anomalías congénitas, luego de las cardiopatías. En este grupo se destaca el mielomeningocele (MMC) por su mayor incidencia, y por ser la más incapacitante y la más compleja entre todas las demás malformaciones del sistema nervioso c`entral (SNC). En Bolivia, como en muchos países de Sudamérica, los bajos niveles socio-culturales y la debilidad en el sistema sanitario, hacen que su incidencia y su morbilidad, sean mayores que en las naciones más desarrolladas. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de 70 casos de MMC, atendidos por un equipo multidisciplinario en el Hospital Universitario Japonés (HUJ) de Santa Cruz de la Sierra, entre 2008-2011. De ellos, 60 fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente. Resultados: Se realizaron controles prenatales sólo en 27 mujeres (38.6%), diagnosticándose una disrafia espinal en apenas dos casos (7.4%). La edad de ingreso del MMC en su mayoría fue después de las 24 horas (65.6%), predominando su localización en la región lumbosacra (64.3%). De ellos, 67.2% eran abiertos, presentando un 32.9% un daño neurológico motor parcial mientras que 47.1% tenían paraplejia por debajo de la lesión. De los 70 casos, tres (4.3%) no fueron intervenidos, por presentar defectos congénitos severos o estado general grave. Las principales complicaciones posoperatorias inmediatas fueron: dehiscencia de sutura y/o infección de la herida (16.6%), fístula de líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) (10%) e infección del SNC (11.7%). La mortalidad general y postoperatoria fue de 7.1% y 3.3%, respectivamente. Al mes de vida presentaban hidrocefalia un 80% de los pacientes operados, colocándose una derivación ventriculoperitoneal (DVP) de presión media. De 9 pacientes que tuvieron un acompanamiento de dos o más años, seis presentaron una médula anclada, que fueron intervenidas quirúrgicamente. Conclusi

  16. Evaluation report on the development of an advanced refrigerant for compression heat pumps; Asshukushiki heat pump yo shinki reibai kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The research and development were reported on new refrigerants for compression type heat pumps. From 64 kinds of newly composed ether, CF3CF2OCH3 was developed as candidate compound substituting for CFC-11, and CF3CF2CF2OCH3 and (CF3)2CFOCH3 as those substituting for CFC-11. However, COP of the refrigeration has not been optimized. Global warming potentials were obtained by high-accuracy estimate guidelines. The new refrigerants have no chlorine and therefore no effects on the ozonosphere. Global warming effects also satisfied the present allowable values. There was no problem on human body toxicity in the short-term experiment. Costs of commercially production of the candidate compounds were trially calculated from reaction paths and chemical constitution formulae. Assuming that the raw materials are circulating on the market, plant/equipment investment, production volume, and production cost became 5 billion yen, 1000 tons/year, and 3500-6500 yen/kg in 3 persons/shift and 4 shifts, respectively. This is close to the allowable level which is ten times the CFC-12 price, 5000 yen/KG. The new refrigerants are expected to be fully commercialized in consideration of progress of the composition method and improvement of physical properties in the future. 115 refs., 37 figs., 102 tabs.

  17. Electro-Mechanical Modeling and Performance Analysis of Floating Wave Energy Converters Utilizing Yo-Yo Vibrating System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sim, Kyuho; Park, Jisu; Jang, Seon-Jun

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a floating-type wave energy conversion system that consists of a mechanical part (yo-yo vibrating system, motion rectifying system, and power transmission system) and electrical part (power generation system). The yo-yo vibrating system, which converts translational input to rotational motion, is modeled as a single degree-of-freedom system. It can amplify the wave input via the resonance phenomenon and enhance the energy conversion efficiency. The electromechanical model is established from impedance matching of the mechanical part to the electrical system. The performance was analyzed at various wave frequencies and damping ratios for a wave input acceleration of 0.14 g. The maximum output occurred at the resonance frequency and optimal load resistance, where the power conversion efficiency and electrical output power reached 48% and 290 W, respectively. Utilizing the resonance phenomenon was found to greatly enhance the performance of the wave energy converter, and there exists a maximum power point at the optimum load resistance

  18. Electro-Mechanical Modeling and Performance Analysis of Floating Wave Energy Converters Utilizing Yo-Yo Vibrating System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sim, Kyuho; Park, Jisu [Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Seon-Jun [Innovation KR, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-01-15

    This paper proposes a floating-type wave energy conversion system that consists of a mechanical part (yo-yo vibrating system, motion rectifying system, and power transmission system) and electrical part (power generation system). The yo-yo vibrating system, which converts translational input to rotational motion, is modeled as a single degree-of-freedom system. It can amplify the wave input via the resonance phenomenon and enhance the energy conversion efficiency. The electromechanical model is established from impedance matching of the mechanical part to the electrical system. The performance was analyzed at various wave frequencies and damping ratios for a wave input acceleration of 0.14 g. The maximum output occurred at the resonance frequency and optimal load resistance, where the power conversion efficiency and electrical output power reached 48% and 290 W, respectively. Utilizing the resonance phenomenon was found to greatly enhance the performance of the wave energy converter, and there exists a maximum power point at the optimum load resistance.

  19. Reliability and validity of Yo-Yo tests in 9- to 16-year-old football players and matched non-sports active schoolboys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Póvoas, Susana C A; Castagna, Carlo; Soares, José M C

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the test-retest reliability and construct validity of three age-adapted Yo-Yo intermittent tests in football players aged 9-16 years (n = 70) and in age-matched non-sports active boys (n = 72). Within 7 days, each participant performed two repetitions...... performances and HRpeak are reliable for 9- to 16-year-old footballers and non-sports active boys. Additionally, performances of the three Yo-Yo tests were seemingly better for football-trained than for non-sports active boys, providing evidence of construct validity....

  20. Peyniraltı Suyundan Yoğurt Eldesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülen Çiftçi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Peynir üretiminde organik yükü yüksek olan ve peyniraltı suyu adı verilen yeşilimsi-sarı renkte bir atık ortaya çıkmaktadır. Türkiye’de yılda yaklaşık olarak 7.784.000 ton peyniraltı suyu üretilmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı peyniraltı suyuna yağsız süt tozu katarak Türk mutfağında yüksek gıda değeri nedeniyle yaygın bir yere sahip olan yoğurt elde etmektir. Yoğurt eldesi sırasında Lactobacillus bulgaricus ve Streptococcus thermophilus kültürleri kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada kullanılan asidik peyniraltı suyu Topçuoğlu fabrikasından temin edilmiştir. Tatlı peyniraltı suyu ise laboratuvarda pastörize sütten üretilmiştir. Hem yağsız süttozu hem de aşı %6 oranlarında peyniraltı sularına katılmıştır. İnkübasyon 44 oC’de bir saat devam etmiştir. Topçuoğlu peyniraltı suyundan üretilen yoğurdun süt yağı %0.03, yağsız katı madde miktarı %9.844 ve titre edilebilir asitlik değeri %0.0286’dır. Laboratuvarda üretilen peyniraltı suyundan yapılan yoğurtta ise bu değerler sırasıyla %0.4, %12.123 ve %0.0239’dur. Her iki tip yoğurdun peroksidaz testlerinin negatif, Koliform ve E. coli bakterilerinin olmadığı, küf ve maya sayımının yüzden fazla olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

  1. General evaluation survey report on fiscal 1998 investigation of geothermal development and promotion. No.C-3 Akinomiya area (Third); 1998 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa sogo hyoka chosa hokokusho. No.C-3. Akinomiya chiiki (dai 3 ji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-01

    With Akinomiya area (11.4 km{sup 2}) selected in Akita prefecture as the survey C area in fiscal 1996, the first survey was conducted. This paper is a summary of memorandum from an advisory standpoint on the evaluation survey concerning the fiscal 1998 investigation results. The contents of the survey are geological investigation, precision gravity exploration, soil gas investigation, electromagnetic exploration, fluid chemical investigation, well drilling and short-term eruption test. An alteration zone was recognized around the place where clay minerals used to be mined, with the center of the zone situated 500-600 m east of a fault. The alteration condition of Akinomiya area seems to be different from that of Doroyu Wasabisawa area. The supplementary gravity survey was carried out at total 58 points in fiscal 1998. It is desirable to set supplementary measuring points over a wide surrounding area for a depth structure analysis. Also performed was a study of mercury concentration in the soil gas. While CSAMT and TDEM methods were employed for the electromagnetic exploration, a suitable method should be carefully selected for a wide area high-density exploration. Consistency with adjacent areas is essential in preparing investigation items particularly for a geothermal model. (NEDO)

  2. FY 2000 report on the results of the project to promote the comprehensive management of petroleum products. Development of a risk assessment system; 2000 nendo sekiyu seihin sogo kanri suishin jigyo seika hokokusho. Risk hyoka system kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The R and D were conducted on the system to assess risk of chemicals which considers the human health, environment, etc., and the FY 2000 results were reported. In this fiscal year, the goal of the study was to establish a system of user-friendly interface, easy-to-use system components and data access methodology. As to the details of the system, additional assessment items on the human health were found and surveyed, and the development of a new system for the assessment of acute exposure was started. Relating to the handling of various data on toxicity, physical properties, etc., reference is to be made to the database of National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, MITI, as a base. Concerning the simple assessment corresponding to the PRTR method, almost all 435 chemicals designated by the PRTR act were to be included in the internal database. As to the development of the system, the simple assessment system corresponding to the PRTR method was developed, and a testing system, {beta} version, was completed. Further, the development of a 'site-specific assessment system' was started which considers the geological/meteorological situation of the site. (NEDO)

  3. International research cooperation project. Assessment report on the R and D of the comprehensive development/utilization technology of energy of gas hydrate resource; Gas hydrate shigen no energy sogo kaihatsu riyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As to 'the R and D of the comprehensive development/utilization technology of gas hydrate resource,' assessment was conducted and reported from an aspect of the third party. This R and D is a timely project being aimed at establishing the basic technology on gas hydrate from both aspects of fundamental research and practical research. In the development of gas hydrate resource in the tundra zone, the development of measuring methods for thermal conductivity and dielectric constants advanced the establishment of a guide for exploration and possibilities of assessment of the resource amount. In the development/production, it can be said that the knowledge/information collected by exchanging methane in gas hydrate with CO2 means no needs for new supply of heat and also contributes to the isolation of CO2. As to the utilization technology, the results were rated very high also internationally of tackling the quantitative evaluation method at molecular levels of the gas included in hydrate using Raman spectroscopy to establish the industrial gas separation method using the low-temperature environment in the tundra zone. (NEDO)

  4. FY 2000 report on the results of the project to promote the comprehensive management of petroleum products. Development of a risk assessment system; 2000 nendo sekiyu seihin sogo kanri suishin jigyo seika hokokusho. Risk hyoka system kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The R and D were conducted on the system to assess risk of chemicals which considers the human health, environment, etc., and the FY 2000 results were reported. In this fiscal year, the goal of the study was to establish a system of user-friendly interface, easy-to-use system components and data access methodology. As to the details of the system, additional assessment items on the human health were found and surveyed, and the development of a new system for the assessment of acute exposure was started. Relating to the handling of various data on toxicity, physical properties, etc., reference is to be made to the database of National Institute of Technology and Evaluation, MITI, as a base. Concerning the simple assessment corresponding to the PRTR method, almost all 435 chemicals designated by the PRTR act were to be included in the internal database. As to the development of the system, the simple assessment system corresponding to the PRTR method was developed, and a testing system, {beta} version, was completed. Further, the development of a 'site-specific assessment system' was started which considers the geological/meteorological situation of the site. (NEDO)

  5. Report on final evaluation of industrial science and technology research and development system. Comprehensive basic technologies for development of ocean resources. Manganese nodule exploitation system; Kaiyo shigen sogo kiban gijutsu (mangan dankai saiko system). Saishu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    Described herein are the final evaluation results of the basic research and development of the system for exploiting manganese nodules as one of ocean resources. A 9-year project was started in the FY 1981 to establish the techniques to efficiently, economically exploit Mn nodules on a commercial basis, which are occurring on deep sea bottoms (4,000 to 6,000 m deep), in order to stably supply non-ferrous metallic resources, e.g., Ni, Cu, Co and Mn, which are essential for economic activities of Japan. Originally, the UN convention related to ocean laws raised development of unique exploitation techniques as the prerequisite condition for obtaining the right to develop Mn nodules. However, the situations around development of Mn nodules were changed since then, to devalue objects, significance and urgency of this project. The fourth amendment of the basic plans decided to suspend the comprehensive ocean tests in 1996, and to implement only the ocean/land tests in which part of the individual elementary techniques were combined. Therefore, the technological validation of the overall system could not be done sufficiently, and degree of achievement of the project is low, viewed from insufficient prospects of the commercial production. However, this project produced good results in individual elementary techniques, which are of significance for the resources policies. (NEDO)

  6. Estimation of water-coal surface interaction during heat treatment of coal by use of FTir and DSC; FTir to DSC wo mochiita sekitan-mizu kan sogo sayo no teiryoteki hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miura, K.; Mae, K.; Morozumi, F.; Kusakawa, T. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan)

    1997-10-30

    The authors have recently presented a method to estimate the strength distribution of hydrogen bondings in coal using FTir and DSC. The method was applied to estimate the strength of coal-water interaction in two different coals and to estimate the enthalpy change deriving from the change in hydrogen bondings during the desorption of water. The estimated enthalpy change was compared with the total enthalpy change estimated by DSC measurement to examine the importance of hydrogen bondings during the desertion of water. 1 ref., 6 figs.

  7. Aerobic fitness testing in 6- to 9-year-old children: reliability and validity of a modified Yo-Yo IR1 test and the Andersen test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahler, T; Bendiksen, Mads; Krustrup, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This study analysed the reliability and validity of two intermittent running tests (the Yo-Yo IR1 test and the Andersen test) as tools for estimating VO(2max) in children under the age of 10. Two groups, aged 6-7 years (grade 0, n = 18) and 8-9 years (grade 2, n = 16), carried out two repetitions...

  8. Dialogue and cooperation in musical partnerships : evaluation report The Operaflat, a project by Yo! Opera Festival

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bressers, Hilde

    Yo! Opera asked the Lectorate Lifelong Learning in Music to evaluate the project The Operaflat, which was part of the fourth edition of the Yo! Opera Festival in Utrecht, in 2007. During the project primary school pupils of the public primary school ‘Openbare Basisschool Overvecht’, residents of the

  9. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 is reliable in young high-level soccer players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Deprez

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate test reliability of the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (YYIR1 in 36 high-level youth soccer players, aged between 13 and 18 years. Players were divided into three age groups (U15, U17 and U19 and completed three YYIR1 in three consecutive weeks. Pairwise comparisons were used to investigate test reliability (for distances and heart rate responses using technical error (TE, coefficient of variation (CV, intra-class correlation (ICC and limits of agreement (LOA with Bland-Altman plots. The mean YYIR1 distances for the U15, U17 and U19 groups were 2024 ± 470 m, 2404 ± 347 m and 2547 ± 337 m, respectively. The results revealed that the TEs varied between 74 and 172 m, CVs between 3.0 and 7.5%, and ICCs between 0.87 and 0.95 across all age groups for the YYIR1 distance. For heart rate responses, the TEs varied between 1 and 6 bpm, CVs between 0.7 and 4.8%, and ICCs between 0.73 and 0.97. The small ratio LOA revealed that any two YYIR1 performances in one week will not differ by more than 9 to 28% due to measurement error. In summary, the YYIR1 performance and the physiological responses have proven to be highly reliable in a sample of Belgian high-level youth soccer players, aged between 13 and 18 years. The demonstrated high level of intermittent endurance capacity in all age groups may be used for comparison of other prospective young soccer players.

  10. El yo-autor-escritor contemporáneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Everton Vinicius de Santa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta reflexión se refiere a la figura del autor una vez que esta figura se traslada al medio digital, esto es, a un espacio donde se puede mirárselo de forma permanente. Ese traslado impone algunos cambios en la elaboración de una entidad autorial por parte del escritor, o sea, la persona física, el individuo que escribe, “l’écrivant”, según Roland Barthes. Este paso al medio digital está deslegitimando la figura del autor de nuestros días y, por ende, cambiando el role del escritor contemporáneo. Así, la reacción por parte del escritor está siendo su espectacularización. Discuto este tema desde el concepto de ego-historias, experiencias personales en el texto en primera persona, por medio de algunas características presentes en dos narrativas: O espírito da prosa (2012, de Cristovão Tezza, y La parte inventada (2014, de Rodrigo Frésan. Busco evidenciar cómo los medios digitales, la cultura digital y mediática en general favorecen una reflexión metaliteraria sobre la invención de un “yo-autor-escritor” que satisface la necesidad del exhibicionismo que los medios digitales proporcionan en la construcción de su imagen.

  11. Effect of oxygen intercalation on properties of sputtered CuYO 2 for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Keywords. Transparent conducting oxide; RF sputtering; -type TCO. ... The positive sign of Seebeck coefficient (+274 VK-1) confirms the -type conductivity of the films. The optical bandgap of CuYO2 ... Bulletin of Materials Science | News.

  12. EX1103L1: Exploration and Mapping, Galapagos Spreading Center: Mapping, CTD and Tow-yo

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This project will be a transit from San Diego, CA to the Galapagos Spreading Center, where multibeam mapping, CTD casts, and CTD tow-yo operations will be performed....

  13. The Effects of a 6-Week Strength Training on Critical Velocity, Anaerobic Running Distance, 30-M Sprint and Yo-Yo Intermittent Running Test Performances in Male Soccer Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karsten, Bettina; Larumbe-Zabala, Eneko; Kandemir, Gokhan; Hazir, Tahir; Klose, Andreas; Naclerio, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of a moderate intensity strength training on changes in critical velocity (CV), anaerobic running distance (D'), sprint performance and Yo-Yo intermittent running test (Yo-Yo IR1) performances. two recreational soccer teams were divided in a soccer training only group (SO; n = 13) and a strength and soccer training group (ST; n = 13). Both groups were tested for values of CV, D', Yo-Yo IR1 distance and 30-m sprint time on two separate occasions (pre and post intervention). The ST group performed a concurrent 6-week upper and lower body strength and soccer training, whilst the SO group performed a soccer only training. after the re-test of all variables, the ST demonstrated significant improvements for both, YoYo IR1 distance (p = 0.002) and CV values (psoccer training significantly improves CV, Yo-Yo IR1 whilst moderately improving 30-m sprint performances in non-previously resistance trained male soccer players. Critical Velocity can be recommended to coaches as an additional valid testing tool in soccer.

  14. Preparation of InYO3 catalyst and its application in photodegradation of molasses fermentation wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Zuzeng; Liang, Yi; Liu, Zili; Jiang, Weiqing

    2011-01-01

    An InYO3 photocatalyst was prepared through a precipitation method and used for the degradation of molasses fermentation wastewater. The InYO3 photocatalyst characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, surface area and porosimetry. Energy band structures and density of states were achieved using the Cambridge Serial Total Energy package (CASTEP). The results indicated that the photodegradation of molasses fermentation wastewater was significantly enhanced in the presence of InYO3 when compared with PbWO4. The calcination temperature was found to have a significant effect on the photocatalytic activity of InYO3. Specifically, InYO3 calcined at 700 degrees C had a considerably larger surface area and lower reflectance intensity and showed higher photocatalytic activity. The mathematical simulation results indicated that InYO3 is a direct band gap semiconductor, and its conduction band is composed of In 5p and Y 4d orbitals, whereas its valence band is composed of O 2p and In 5s orbitals.

  15. Farklı Asitliklerdeki Yoğurtlardan Torba Yoğurdu Üretimi ve Natamisinin Raf Ömrü Üzerine Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray Sahan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada, çiğ süte natamisin ilave edilerek ve edilmeyerek farklı asitlikteki yoğurtlardan torba yoğurdu üretilmiştir. +4 oC' de ve  5 günlük depolama süresince natamisin ilavesinin, farklı asitliklerin ve depolama süresinin torba yoğurtlarının raf ömrü üzerine etkisi araştırılmıştır. Natamisin ilavesi torba yoğurtlarının maya-küf sayısı üzerine etkisi önemli (p<0.05, kimyasal, fiziksel ve duyusal özellikleri üzerindeki etkisi önemsiz bulunmuştur (p >0.05. Farklı asitlikteki yoğurt kullanımı torba yoğurtlarının asitlik değeri üzerindeki etkisi önemli bulunurken (p <0.05, asetaldehit, laktoz, penetrometre, tirozin ve maya-küf değerleri üzerine etkisi önemsiz bulunmuştur (p >0.05. Farklı asilikteki yoğurt kullanımı torba yoğurtlarının duyusal özelliklerinden kıvam, tat ve toplam puanları üzerine etkisi önemli (p <0.05, görürüm ve koku puanları üzerindeki etkisi önemsizdir (p> 0.05. Depolama süresince torba yoğurtlarının asitlik değerleri yükselmiş, pH değerleri düşmüştür (p <0.05. Buna bağlı olarak laktoz değerlerinde de bir azalma görülmüştür (p <0.05. Ayrıca depolama süresince, torba yoğurtlarının asetaldehit, tirozin ve penetrometre değerlerindeki değişimi de istatistik olarak önemli bulunmuştur (p <0.05. Duyusal özelliklerden görünüm, kıvam ve toplam puanları arasındaki fark önemli (p<0.05, koku ve tat puanları arasındaki fark önemsizdir (p> 0.05. Natamisin ilave edilmiş örneklerde depolama süresince maya-küf bulunamamıştır. Natamisin ilave edilmemiş örneklerde ise maya-küf bulunmuş ve depolama süresince sayıları artmıştır (p<0.05.

  16. Reliability, sensitivity and validity of the assistant referee intermittent endurance test (ARIET) - a modified Yo-Yo IE2 test for elite soccer assistant referees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castagna, Carlo; Bendiksen, Mads; Impellizzeri, Franco M

    2012-01-01

    We examined the reliability and validity of the assistant referee intermittent endurance test (ARIET), a modified Yo-Yo IE2 test including shuttles of sideways running. The ARIET was carried out on 198 Italian (Serie A-B, Lega-Pro and National Level) and 47 Danish elite soccer assistant referees....... Reproducibility was tested for 41 assistant referees on four occasions each separated by one week. The ARIET intraclass correlation coefficients and typical error of measurement ranged from 0.96 to 0.99 and 3.1 to 5.7%, respectively. ARIET performance for Serie A and B was 23 and 25% greater than in Lega-Pro (P...... ARIET performance was significantly correlated with VO(2max) (r = 0.78, P ARIET (r = - 0.81, P

  17. Método para prevenir y/o controlar infecciones bacterianas

    OpenAIRE

    Soto, María José; Nogales, Joaquina; Olivares Pascual, José; Sanjuán, Juan

    2012-01-01

    La presente invención se refiere a un método para prevenir y/o controlar infecciones bacterianas en una planta y/o cultivo, así como en productos (alimentos crudos, soluciones de lavado, material de uso hospitalario) e instalaciones susceptibles de contaminación por bacterias, mediante aplicación de metilcetonas alifáticas de cadena larga, fundamentalmente 2-tridecanona pero también 2- undecanona, 2-dodecanona, y 2-pentadecanona, en formas y concentraciones del orde...

  18. Las representaciones figuradas del yo y sus reflexiones en la narrativa de Gonzalo Hidalgo Bayal

    OpenAIRE

    Calvo Revilla, Ana

    2015-01-01

    En esta investigación abordaremos las representaciones figuradas y simulacros del yo y su reflexiones en la obra narrativa de Gonzalo Hidalgo Bayal. Analizaremos los recursos de literaturización del yo, que permiten trascender la referencialidad biográfica: la hibridación de los elementos autobiográficos e imaginados en los asuntos narrados, la ruptura de la linealidad narrativa, la introspección, la multiplicación de los artificios textuales, los juegos narrativos, la ambigüedad, los juegos ...

  19. Dünya’da Yoğurt ve Üretimi

    OpenAIRE

    Konar, Atilla

    2015-01-01

    Bu yayın yoğurt yapımı konusunda en son basılmış bilgileri incelemektedir. Birçok yapım tekniği değerlendirilmiş ve yoğurt üretiminde kullanılan “Katkı maddeleri” (Additives) ve mikroorganizma üzerinde özellikle durulmuştur. Yoğurt’un yapım sonrası dayanıklılık süresinin uzatılabilmesi için gerekli tekniklerde ayrıca görüşülmüştür.  Çeşitli ülkelerin yoğurt ile ilgili yasal standartları, halen mevcut veya ticarette geçerli olabilecek uygulamalar ışığında dikkate alınmıştır....

  20. El Programa "Yo Sí Puedo". Una propuesta para erradicar el analfabetismo en la comunidad de Pesillo

    OpenAIRE

    Valladares Ante, Delfina Mercedes

    2007-01-01

    Algunos aspectos positivos del programa “Yo sí puedo” son incorporar a educadores de las propias localidades y capacitar a facilitadores del lugar para conseguir el principal objetivo que es erradicar el analfabe tismo de la población y mejorar sus condiciones de vida.

  1. Increasing High School Students' Interest in STEM Education through Collaborative Brainstorming with Yo-Yos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Ning

    2013-01-01

    Brainstorming is a creativity technique in which a group of people (or an individual person) spontaneously generates a set of ideas to find the solution to a particular problem. This paper describes an innovative approach called "brainstorming with yo-yos," which was implemented in an outreach to high school event to increase high school…

  2. Fiscal 1997 research report on the data collection, evaluation and analysis in the PV power generation field test project for public facilities; 1997 nendo kokyo shisetsu nado yo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo ni okeru shushu data hyoka kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    As a part of the field test project for diffusing PV power generation into public facilities generally, evaluation and analysis were made on the collected data from 105 sites installed during fiscal 1993-1996. Analysis of operation characteristics was made by using parameters obtained by developing a basic equation for every component. 94% of all the sites fell under the total solar irradiation of 3.0- 4.5kWh/m{sup 2}/D. 83% of those fell under the equivalent array operation time of 2.5-4.0h/D. 70% of those fell under the equivalent system operation time of 2.5-3.5h/D. 72% of those fell under the system operation time of 9.0-12.0h/D. 78% of those fell under the effective inverter efficiency of 0.84- 0.96. 68% of those fell under the inverter load factor of 0.25-0.35. 85% of those fell under the array performance ratio of 0.7-1.0. 83% of those fell under the system performance ratio of 0.6-0.9. The generation cost decreased from 270yen/kWh in 1993 to 100yen/kWh in 1996 because reduction of an installation cost largely contributed to reduction of the total cost. (NEDO)

  3. Yoğurt Tozu; İşleme Teknolojisi, Depolama ve Kullanım Alanları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu Koç

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Yoğurdun kurutulmasının temel amacı yoğurdu yüksek kalitede, soğutma gereksinimi olmadan, raf ömrünü arttırarak toz formunda saklamaktır. Türkiye’de bölgesel olarak yoğurdun raf ömrünü uzatmak amacıyla süzerek suyunu uzaklaştırma (süzme yoğurt, güneşte kurutma gibi çeşitli yöntemler kullanılmakla birlikte endüstriyel düzeyde yoğurt tozu üretimi yapılmamaktadır. Yoğurdu kurutmak için dondurarak kurutma, püskürtmeli kurutma, mikrodalga kurutma veya konvektif kurutma gibi kurutma yöntemleri uygulanmaktadır. Yoğurt tozu kalitesini canlı yoğurt starter bakteri sayısı önemli ölçüde etkilemektedir. Yoğurt tozu, canlı bakteri sayısı açısından değerlendirildiğinde en iyi kurutma yönteminin dondurarak kurutma olduğu belirtilmekle birlikte, çok pahalı bir yöntem oluşu önemli bir dezavantaj olarak görünmektedir. Diğer taraftan püskürtmeli kurutma yöntemi, yüksek su buharlaşma hızı, daha düşük maliyet ve kısa işlem süresi ile dondurarak kurutma yöntemine karşı avantajlar sağlamaktadır. Dondurarak kurutulmuş yoğurt, 4 ºC’da 1-2 yıl depolanabilmekte, püskürtmeli kurutucuda kurutulmuş yoğurt ise soğuk ve kuru koşullar altında saklandığında aktif kültürler 1 yıl canlılıklarını koruyabilmektedir. 1 yıllık depolama sonrasında, yoğurt tozunun en az 106kob/g düzeyinde toplam canlı yoğurt bakterisi içermesi gerekmektedir. Toz ürün; kuru meyveli karışımlarda, meyve aromalı yoğurt içeceklerinde, hazır içecek karışımlarında, ekmekçilikte, hazır toz çorba karışımlarında kullanılabildiği gibi, rekonstitüe edilerek taze yoğurt formunda da kullanılabilmektedir. Ancak yoğurt tozu teknolojisinde karşılaşılan en önemli problem, rekonstitüe ürünün jel yapısı, tekstür ve aroma özelliklerinin zayıf olmasıdır ve bu mutlaka geliştirilmelidir. Bu derlemede yoğurt tozunun üretim teknolojisi, farklı kurutma y

  4. Effects of time-of-day on oxidative stress, cardiovascular parameters, biochemical markers, and hormonal response following level-1 Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aloui, K; Abedelmalek, S; Chtourou, H; Wong, D P; Boussetta, N; Souissi, N

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of time-of-day on oxidative stress, cardiovascular parameters, muscle damage parameters, and hormonal responses following the level-1 Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (YYIRT). A total of 11 healthy subjects performed an intermittent test (YYIRT) at two times-of-day (i.e., 07:00 h and 17:00 h), with a recovery period of ≥36 h in-between, in a randomized order. Blood samples were taken at the rest (baseline) and immediately (post-YYIRT) after the YYIRT for measuring oxidative stress, biochemical markers, and hormonal response. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way and two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni test at p creatine kinase (p  0.05) were similar for the morning and evening test. In conclusion, our findings suggest that aerobic performance presents diurnal variation with great result observed in the evening accompanied by an improvement of hormonal, metabolic, and oxidative responses. These data may help to guide athletes and coaches and contribute to public health recommendations on exercise and muscle damage particularly in the competitive periods.

  5. The use of Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 and Andersen testing for fitness and maximal heart rate assessments of 6- to 10-year-old school children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendiksen, Mads; Ahler, Thomas; Clausen, Helle

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: We evaluated a sub-maximal and maximal version of the Yo-Yo IR1 childrens test (YYIR1C) and the Andersen test for fitness and maximal HR assessments of children aged 6-10. Two repetitions of the YYIR1C and Andersen tests were carried out within one week by 6-7 and 8-9 year olds (grade 0...

  6. Fonksiyonel Özellikleri Geliştirilmiş Yoğurt Üretimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özge Duygu Okur

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, farklı inkübasyon sıcaklık (25 ºC ve 42 ºC ve kefir destek kültürü kullanımının, yoğurtların mikrobiyolojik, fizikokimyasal ve duyusal özellikleri üzerine etkisi araştırılmıştır. Tam yağlı yoğurt örneklerinin yanı sıra, yağ ikamesi ve prebiyotik özelliği olan inulin yağsız yoğurt üretiminde kullanılmıştır. Mikrobiyolojik değerlendirmeler sonucunda özellikle Lactobacillus içerikleri, farklı kültür ve inkübasyon sıcaklık kombinasyonlarından önemli derecede etkilenmiştir. Kefir destek kültürü kullanılan yoğurtlarda mayalar da gelişmiştir. Duyusal analiz değerlendirmeleri sonucunda ise, en fazla puan alan ürün inulin ilaveli yoğurt kültürü ile yapılan yağsız yoğurt olurken, ikinci sırayı yine inulin ilaveli, kefir ve yoğurt kültürünün birlikte kullanıldığı ve 420C'de inkübe edilen yağsız yoğurt örneği almıştır. En düşük genel skoru, sadece kefir kültürü kullanılıp 420C'de inkübe edilen örnek almıştır. Kefir destek kültürü ile üretilen örneklerde CO2 oluşumundan dolayı orta büyüklükte gözenekler (yaklaşık 0.5 cm çaplı tespit edilmiştir. Duyusal analiz sonuçlarına göre ürünlerde kefir kültür kullanımı yabancı tat üzerine önemli düzeyde etkili olmuştur.

  7. El ideal de Yo bajo la tutela del Superyó.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Paulina Mejía.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto se ocupará de analizar la naturaleza y función del Ideal del Yo, así como s relación con la instancia del superyó. Para tal fin se retomará el texto Introducción al Narcisismo, en el cual Freud introduce el Superyó con el nombre de conciencia moral y en el que, a su vez, explica el origen del ideal del Yo como el heredero de la ley y el nacimiento de del “juicio propio”. El ideal del Yo y el Superyó, ambos herederos del Complejo de Edipo, tienen en común que, si bien son resultado de la intervención de la ley y se valen del lenguaje, no se acogen a su estructura y a sus leyes, es decir, que no funcionan con la lógica de la falta y privilegian significantes unarios, que por estar solos no posibilitan la construcción de sentido.En síntesis, este artículo pretende demostrar cómo el Ideal del Yo, bajo la tutela del Superyó, logra darle respuestas al sujeto en relación al ser hombre y ser mujer pero del lado del goce. La lógica que se contrapone a la dimensión del lenguaje y el deseo, los cuales se estructuran a partir de la falta. El ser desde esta dimensión deja de ser una certeza para constituirse en una pregunta

  8. Elastic neutron diffuse scattering in Zr(Ca, Y)O2-x

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barberis, P.; Beuneu, B.; Novion, C.H. de.

    1990-01-01

    Elastic neutron diffuse scattering has been measured in cubic Zr(Ca, Y)O 2-x at room temperature. The very high diffuse scattering (up to 70 Laue) is explained mostly by the oxygen displacements along directions, and by Ca displacements along . The weak short-range order contribution strongly suggests that oxygen vacancies tend to place as second rather than at first neighbours of a Ca stabilizing ion

  9. Yoğurt Peyniri Üretiminde Kullanılan Yoğurt Miktarının Peynirin Bazı Özelliklerine Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZBEK, Çağla; GÜZELER, Nuray

    2017-01-01

    Yoğurt peyniri kaynayan süte yoğurt ilavesiyle sütün pıhtılaştırılması, pıhtının süzülmesi ve baskılanmasıyla elde edilen geleneksel bir peynir çeşididir. Tarsus ve Hatay’da birbirinden farklı yöntemlerle üretimi gerçekleştirilmektedir. Bu araştırmada süte %20, %30, %40 ve %50 yoğurt ilave edilerek sütün pıhtılaştırılması ile Tarsus’ta kullanılan yöntemle Yoğurt peynirleri elde edilmiştir. Farklı oranlarda yoğurt kullanımının Yoğurt peynirlerinin depolamanın 1. günündeki randıman, pH, titrasy...

  10. The effect of Opuntia ficus-indica juice supplementation on oxidative stress, cardiovascular parameters, and biochemical markers following yo-yo Intermittent recovery test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khouloud, Aloui; Abedelmalek, Salma; Chtourou, Hamdi; Souissi, Nizar

    2018-03-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of a flavonoid-rich fresh fruit juice on cardiovascular, oxidative stress, and biochemical parameters during the yo-yo intermittent recovery test (YYIRT). Twenty-two healthy males subjects participated in this study divided into two groups: An experimental group (EG: n  = 11) who consumed the antioxidant supplement and a control group (CG: n  = 11). All participants performed two test sessions at 07:00 hr before and after 2 weeks of supplementation with Opuntia ficus-indica juice. Blood samples were taken before (P1) and immediately (P2) after the YYIRT. Our results showed that following the 2,2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH ● ) test, the Opuntia ficus-indica juice has an antioxidant capacity for capturing free radicals ( p  Opuntia ficus-indica juice before and immediately after YYIRT. However, no significant effect on HDL ( p  > .05), GLC ( p  > .05) levels nor the SBP and DBP ( p  > .05) was observed after supplementation with Opuntia ficus-indica juice. The supplementation leads to an improvement on YYIRT performance (The total distance covered during the YYIRT, V O 2max , VMA) and the rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Opuntia ficus-indica juice has a potent antioxidant activity that reduces total and LDL-cholesterol with only a moderate lowering of HDL-cholesterol and oxidative stress. Moreover, supplementation decreases muscle damage caused by the endurance exercise.

  11. Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 2 and Its Relationship With Other Typical Soccer Field Tests in Female Collegiate Soccer Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockie, Robert G; Jalilvand, Farzad; Moreno, Matthew R; Orjalo, Ashley J; Risso, Fabrice G; Nimphius, Sophia

    2017-10-01

    The ability to complete high-intensity running is essential for soccer. The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 2 (YYIRT2) can measure this capacity, but there is limited information regarding this assessment in collegiate female soccer players. This study investigated the YYIRT2 as a measure of high-intensity running in this population, and its relationship to other soccer field tests. Twenty-one players from a Division I team were recruited. In addition to the YYIRT2, subjects completed linear (0-5, 0-10, and 0-30 m sprint intervals) and change-of-direction (pro-agility and 60-yard shuttle) speed tests, as well as the YYIRT Level 1 (YYIRT1), to assess relationships with YYIRT2 by correlations (p ≤ 0.05). The correlation of YYIRT1 with the speed tests was also assessed. The YYIRT1 and YYIRT2 were standardized using z-scores for comparison with elite benchmarks to investigate relative performance on each test. The YYIRT2 and YYIRT1 distances did not significantly correlate with those of the speed tests (r = -0.251 to 0.274). There was a large relationship between YYIRT2 and YYIRT1 distances (r = 0.582), although the explained variance was low (33.87%). Mean YYIRT2 z-scores (-4.29 ± 1.66) indicated a performance further from elite benchmarks than those of the YYIRT1 (-1.92 ± 1.61), and 90.5% (19 of 21) subjects performed relatively better in the YYIRT1 than YYIRT2. The YYIRT2 provided a more specific measure of high-intensity running to that of the YYIRT1 in collegiate female soccer players. Coaches may consider using the YYIRT2 to gauge and track progress of high-intensity running capabilities and create training programs to improve this ability in female players.

  12. Yo, Hamlet!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whelan, Debra Lau

    2007-01-01

    This article presents Alan Sitomer, an English teacher at Lynwood High School, and how he teaches his students classic literature through hip-hop. These at-risk students attend a severely overcrowded, low-performing school in East Los Angeles that's surrounded by what Sitomer describes as "gangs, guns, and drugs." Prostitutes work the…

  13. Rostros del VIH/sida. Enfermedad e identidad en las narrativas del yo latinoamericanas: perspectiva comparada

    OpenAIRE

    Suquet Martínez, Mirta

    2016-01-01

    En Rostros del VIH/sida. Enfermedad e identidad en las narrativas del yo latinoamericanas: perspectiva comparada se estudian una serie de obras autobiográficas, autoficcionales, testimoniales y cronísticas latinoamericanas para analizar la forma en que los autores narran los procesos relativos a la transformación del cuerpo y la subjetividad a causa de la enfermedad. Un conjunto de textos de Severo Sarduy, Reinaldo Arenas, José Vicente de Santis, Sergio Núñez, Pablo Pérez, Pedr...

  14. From Little Words, Big Words Grow: Annotations on the Yo, Sí Puedo Experience in Brewarrina, Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana E. Correa

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflection on the application of the Cuban literacy methodology Yo, Sí Puedo to the Australian setting. The Yo, Sí Puedo / Yes, I Can! model developed in Cuba by the Instituto Pedagógico Latinoamericano y Caribeño, IPLAC (Institute of Pedagogy for Latin America and the Caribbean has been successfully implemented across the Global South as a strategy of adult literacy. It is a legacy of our Latin American revolutionary roots, with its origin in the Freirean pedagogy of the oppressed. Expanding across continents this model continues to teach reading and writing to disenfranchised adults in marginal and Indigenous communities, from the Argentinean Chaco to Brewarrina in northern NSW, Australia. Its aim is to contribute to the hope of improving the health and educational outcomes of the country’s First Peoples. This article is indebted to conversations with the Cuban advisor of Yes, I Can!, José Manuel Chala Leblanch. Observing him working in the classroom setting of Brewarrina touched me at different levels: personally because it reminded me of my own family experiences with the education system in my country, Argentina; and professionally as an educator negotiating different languages and cultures. It also reinforced my belief in the importance of incorporating Indigenous ways of learning and teaching to Western styles of teaching and learning. I built this reflection moving from personal and poetic—visual and textual—narratives and observations to academic interventions informed by researched literature on adult and Indigenous education.

  15. Autopresentación en Facebook: un yo para el público

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Emilia Di Próspero

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo forma parte del trabajo que estoy desarrollando para mi tesis de maestría: Tecnologías infocomunicacionales y reconfiguraciones de los espacios de significación en la vida cotidiana. Usos de la red social Facebook en jóvenes de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. El objetivo en este texto es analizar cómo se constituye una subjetividad mediática a través de la autopresentación del yo en la, hoy por hoy, más exitosa red social, en términos de cantidad de usuarios. Esa autopresentación va de la mano de una autocomprensión signada por la pregunta eje en Facebook: “¿Qué estás pensando?”y una imagen (foto de perfil de un yo pensado para los demás: la red de amigos, el público.

  16. OMNY—A tOMography Nano crYo stage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holler, M.; Raabe, J.; Diaz, A.; Guizar-Sicairos, M.; Wepf, R.; Odstrcil, M.; Shaik, F. R.; Panneels, V.; Menzel, A.; Sarafimov, B.; Maag, S.; Wang, X.; Thominet, V.; Walther, H.; Lachat, T.; Vitins, M.; Bunk, O.

    2018-04-01

    For many scientific questions gaining three-dimensional insight into a specimen can provide valuable information. We here present an instrument called "tOMography Nano crYo (OMNY)," dedicated to high resolution 3D scanning x-ray microscopy at cryogenic conditions via hard X-ray ptychography. Ptychography is a lens-less imaging method requiring accurate sample positioning. In OMNY, this in achieved via dedicated laser interferometry and closed-loop position control reaching sub-10 nm positioning accuracy. Cryogenic sample conditions are maintained via conductive cooling. 90 K can be reached when using liquid nitrogen as coolant, and 10 K is possible with liquid helium. A cryogenic sample-change mechanism permits measurements of cryogenically fixed specimens. We compare images obtained with OMNY with older measurements performed using a nitrogen gas cryo-jet of stained, epoxy-embedded retina tissue and of frozen-hydrated Chlamydomonas cells.

  17. Determination of yttrium using YO band head obtained by laser enhanced ionization spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deshpande, S.S.; Khanna, P.P.

    1997-04-01

    The determination of yttrium (Y) in water in the concentration range of 2 μg/ml to 200 μg/ml by laser enhanced ionisation (LEI) technique is reported. The YO band head at 584.27 nm belonging to A 2 Π - X 2 Σ + system is used for LEI signal detection. It is also shown that the LEI signal is enhanced when the mixture of air - acetylene - argon (AAA) is used instead of commonly used air-acetylene (AA) mixture. In the present work an XeCl laser (308 nm) pumped rhodamine 6G dye laser, covering a range of 570-610 nm is used. The sample/standard in solution form is aspirated into the flame with pneumatic nebulizer. The working curve is a straight line showing linear dependence of LEI signal with yttrium concentration. The relative standard deviation calculated at 100 μg/ml is found to be 2.4 %. (author)

  18. Método de eliminación de trihalometanos y/o contaminantes emergentes mediante plasma

    OpenAIRE

    Erra Serrabasa, Pilar; Jover Comas, Eric; Molina Mansilla, Ricardo; Bertrán Serra, Enric; Bayona Termens, Josep María; Reyes Contreras, Carolina

    2009-01-01

    Método de eliminación de trihalometanos y/o contaminantes emergentes mediante plasma. Se describe un método de eliminación de trihalometanos y contaminantes refractarios en medios acuosos mediante la aplicación directa de plasma para conseguir la degradación de los compuestos contaminantes presentes en el agua.

  19. Método de diagnóstico y/o pronóstico de enfermedades neurodegenerativas

    OpenAIRE

    Trullás Oliva, Ramón; Figueiro-Silva, Joana; Mihaylovich Podlesniy, Petar

    2012-01-01

    [ES] La presente invención se refiere al uso del ADN mitocondrial como biomarcador cuantitativo de enfermedades neurodegenerativas, preferiblemente de la enfermedad de Alzheimer, así como a un método y a un kit diagnóstico y/o pronóstico de dichas enfermedades mediante el uso de dicho biomarcador

  20. Método de diagnóstico y/o pronóstico de enfermedades neurodegenerativas

    OpenAIRE

    Trullás Oliva, Ramón; Figueiro-Silva, Joana; Mihaylovich Podlesniy, Petar

    2012-01-01

    La presente invención se refiere al uso del ADN mitocondrial como biomarcador cuantitativo de enfermedades neurodegenerativas, preferiblemente de la enfermedad de Alzheimer, así como a un método y a un kit diagnóstico y/o pronóstico de dichas enfermedades mediante el uso de dicho biomarcador

  1. International Clean Energy System Using Hydrogen Conversion (WE-NET). subtask 1. Research study on integrated evaluation and development plan; Suiso riyo kokusai clean energy system gijutsu (WE-NET). subtask 1. Sogo hyoka to kaihatsu keikaku no tame no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This paper describes the research result on the WE-NET project in fiscal 1996. The WE-NET project is composed of various elemental technologies such as hydrogen production, transport, storage, low-temperature material, utilization and hydrogen combustion turbine. The organic integrated cooperation and coordination between individual subtasks are indispensable for effective promotion of the project and optimization of the total system. The current R and D states of every elemental technology were surveyed, and its findings were utilized for coordination of the whole project and examination of the research project including pilot studies. Eleven important items in the total coordination including a total system cost and safety measures in a developmental stage were examined. The development results for 4 years of fiscal 1993-1996 were assessed together, and the draft working plan for fiscal 1997-1998 was also decided. The verification test plan of a hydrogen combustion turbine scheduled in Phase II was studied, and the basic plans of development step were proposed. The draft report of a transition scenario was also prepared. 6 figs., 68 tabs.

  2. General report on the results of the development of fuel cell technology such as urban energy center. Evaluation study of life of phosphoric acid fuel cells (fiscal 1995 and 1996); Toshi energy center nado nenryo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu kenkyu seika sogo hokokusho. Rinsangata nenryo denchi jumyo hyoka kenkyu (1995 kara 1996 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Receiving subsidies from MITI, NEDO carried out this project in fiscal 1995 and 1996 as a joint research with Technology Research Association for Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell Power Generation System and others. The project aimed at developing the accelerated test method which can evaluate in a short time the cell life of phosphoric acid fuel cells (PAFC) and the lowering of characteristics. The accelerated test method of PAFC life is thought to be a tool indispensable for the promotion of commercialization, but the accelerated test method like the usual material evaluation has not yet been established. To solve this problem, procedures were developed to rationally plan the accelerated test on short stacks of full scale based on the small cell test data. Here, to rationally estimate the operational state under actual conditions based on the data on the accelerated test, it is necessary to fully understand the mechanism of deterioration of PAFC. By conducting in parallel the element study for the basic elucidation of cell deterioration phenomena, obtained was the useful information/knowledge which back up the results of the accelerated test scientifically. 168 figs., 33 tabs.

  3. Report on the results of the FY 1998 hydrogen utilization international clean energy system technology (WE-NET). Subtask 1. Survey/research for the comprehensive evaluation and developmental plan; 1998 nendo suiso riyo kokusai clean energy system gijutsu (WE-NET). 1. Sogo hyoka to kaihatsu keikaku no tame no chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The paper described the results of the FY 1998 WE-NET project survey. WE-NET is composed of various element technologies such as hydrogen production, hydrogen transportation, storage technology, low-temperature materials, hydrogen utilization, and hydrogen combustion turbine technology. Therefore, considering the effectiveness as a total system, it is extremely important to traversally evaluate the situation of the R and D of each technology and developmental achievements and to work out developmental plans with integration, considering the effectiveness as a total system. From viewpoints of making effective promotion of the project and attempting optimization as a total system, it is necessary to make organic/comprehensive connection and adjustment among individual subtasks all the time. In this survey/research, in the case of proceeding with the above-mentioned studies, a committee having knowledgeable persons and learned persons as members was established. There, an investigational study was conducted over the whole WE-NET structural technology, and at the same time the following were attempted: the constant/mobile comprehensive adjustment of the whole project, evaluation of the developmental results, and optimization of the developmental plans. The results obtained in 6 years of Period I were evaluated traversally and comprehensively, and how to proceed with the development in Period II was proposed, which showed the developmental continuity. (NEDO)

  4. General report of entrustment investigation for demonstration tests of turnover from oil to methanol in the thermal power plants in fiscal 1995. Total assessment of methanol using power generation technology; 1995 nendo sekiyu karyoku hatsudensho methanol tenkan nado jissho shiken itaku gyomu hokokusho sokatsu hokokusho. Methanol riyo hatsuden gijutsu sogo hyoka chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    To promote the introduction of methanol fuel into the thermal power plants, total assessment was provided. For calculating the methanol production cost, the plant was assumed to be constructed in the Southeast Asia or Middle East. Two methods, i.e., steam reforming and gaseous phase fluid methods, were investigated. Since the price of natural gas is low in the Middle East, the methanol production cost by the gaseous phase fluid method is estimated to be about 1.5 yen per thousand kcal. The transportation cost can be reduced into one-half to one-third of current cost using a large-scale tanker. Although the heating value of methanol per weight is lower than that of LNG, the volume flow of methanol is similar to that of LNG due to its low specific gravity. Conceptual designs were conducted for some power generation systems, such as gas turbine of combined cycle, diesel engine, and fuel cell. The power generation cost was estimated to be 8 to 9 yen per kWh, which depends on the receiving price of methanol. It is nearly equivalent to that of LNG combined cycle power generation. There are no problems of air pollution and ash disposal. When considering the long-term security of energy sources, the use of methanol would be one of the selections as utilization of natural gas. 6 refs., 33 figs., 25 tabs.

  5. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. System to make comprehensive evaluation of potential health effects of next generation image media; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Jisedai media seitai eikyo sogo hyoka system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper proposed the international standardization for the use of next generation image media by evaluating health effects of the use of next generation image media such as head mounted display and 3D monitor. A method to comprehensively evaluate health effects was studied with the design friendly to humans and standardization on safety as final targets. Themes were divided into the autonomous nervous system and the measuring system. The development was carried out of a method to evaluate the autonomous nervous function by the dynamic state of blood circulation and pupillary reflex as well as the development of portable sphygmomanometer and pupillometer. Using these developmental instruments and conventional instruments, measurement was made of blood pressure, cardiac output, respiration, pupil size, eyeball movement and focus accommodation. A possibility was suggested of obtaining the uniform elucidation also in case analytical changes of individual parameters cannot be extracted or consistency cannot be seen in the course of changes. The paper determined basic standards for the experimental use stereoscopic image, made measuring use 3D images, and collected realtime data by the overall simultaneous measuring system constructed. 109 refs., 166 figs., 18 tabs.

  6. El yo progresivo: leyendo la autosuficiencia y la experiencia de Emerson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Schumann

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Recientes estudios están empezando a abrir la obra de Ralph Waldo Emerson, a quien John Dewey una vez se refirió como «el Filósofo de la Democracia», hacia lecturas de tipo social y político. Este artículo, busca promover la fuerza y el potencial de este nuevo emersonianismo para la filosofía de la educación mostrando cómo las nociones de autosuficiencia y de aversión a la conformidad definidas por Emerson, no son inherentemente antisociales, amorales, o apolíticas. El artículo defiende, en primer lugar, que lo que Emerson propone es una comprensión del yo y de la sociedad que impide cualquier tipo de contraposición entre los dos conceptos de «auto-suficiencia». En segundo lugar, se realiza una lectura detenida de su ensayo tardío «Experiencia» donde presenta su crítica sobre la particular concepción occidental del pensamiento que tiende considerar a este con arreglo a sus consecuencias políticas. Si existe alguna esperanza para el yo individual, entonces, para Emerson, debe existir siempre la esperanza también de una sociedad democrática. Con ello, intenta recordarnos que el requisito para una sociedad democrática consiste en tomarse en serio la subjetividad de la mirada de cada uno de sus miembros. Recibido: 18/01/2013 / Aceptado: 26/03/2013Cómo referenciar este artículoSchumann, C. (2013. The self as onwardness: reading Emerson’s self-reliance and experience. Foro de Educación, 11(15, pp. 29-48. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/fde.2013.011.015.001

  7. Anti-Yo Mediated Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration Associated with Pseudobulbar Affect in a Patient with Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison N. Martin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD is a rare anti-Yo mediated paraneoplastic syndromes rarely that is infrequently associated with breast cancer. We present a case of a 52-year-old female presenting with diplopia, gait instability, dysarthria, dysphagia, nystagmus, and, most notably, new onset paroxysmal episodes of uncontrollable crying concerning for pseudobulbar affect (PBA. Serologic testing showed anti-Yo antibodies. The patient was found to have stage IIIA breast cancer as the inciting cause of the paraneoplastic syndrome. The patient was treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, modified radical mastectomy, adjuvant Herceptin, and pertuzumab. She was given IVIG for paraneoplastic syndrome, antidepressants, and dextromethorphan-quinidine (Nuedexta, the first FDA-approved therapy for PBA. With multimodality therapy, she demonstrated significant improvement in neurologic and mood symptoms associated with PCD and PBA.

  8. The transition of emotions in collective action. The #Yo Soy 132 youth discourse analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica García Martínez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Emotions belong human nature, they must not be disaggregated, however, they have been rejected by many disciplinary perspectives that overlap rational action to emotional in the analysis of collective action. Although recently the interest arises to analyze how emotions boost social mobilizations. The objective of this work is analyze the emotions arising in the context of the collective action which was taken by young Mexicans in the movement #Yo Soy 132 through social constructionism of emotions as the theoretical perspective and using as method the discourse analysis. This paper is presented in five parts: in the first the emotions in the collective action are discussed, subsequently the studied phenomenon is contextualized, in the third the analysis method is detailed, in the fourth, results are presented, and in the last section, the findings are confronted on the basis of theoretical approaches recovered. It is concluded that regardless of the context, emotions keep on a similar path in collective action, and the emerged emotions are not positive or negative, instead they are impulsor and detractor of such action.

  9. El yo como límite al modelo perceptivo de conocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Gutiérrez Aguilar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se trata de presentar una panorámica general del problema del conocimiento cuando es aplicado a la temática del yo. Cuando su objeto goza de las características presupuestas que se le suelen adjudicar al ego personal, el material de que disponemos para juzgar los resultados que se obtienen con el modelo usual cognoscitivo, uno perceptivo, se vuelve obsoleto y se precisa del recurso a un nuevo modelo. Un lenguaje límite para la Ciencia que implica el concepto de certeza y el lenguaje de sensaciones.The aim of this article is to present a general perspective on knowledge’s problem when applied to the self’s issue. As the object called self enjoys the alleged features that are ascribed to the personal Ego, the grounds we have to judge conclusions obtained with the usual perceptual model, a perceptive one, turn obsolete and another is required. A bound-language for Science which implies the concept of certainty and language of sensation.

  10. ¿Qué «yo» es valioso para el mundo de hoy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ángel LÓPEZ HERRERÍAS

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Las propuestas de renovación pedagógica están motivadas por la conciencia de vivir un mundo problemático. Es frecuente el interés social y académico referido a cómo actuar bien en un mundo multicultural, exigido de desarrollo sostenible, y en el que la experiencia de los derechos humanos impida el incremento del analfabetismo, el hambre, la pobreza y la injusticia, además de promover más acciones de dignidad y de libertad. Desde la Pedagogía, las respuestas se afanan en promover renovaciones metodológicas (educación popular, animación sociocultural, desarrollo comunitario, que puedan educarnos para ser capaces de superar esos retos. El problema central reside en clarificar qué sujeto, qué actor narrativo, ponemos en el escenario del teatro de la convivencia que realice las metodologías referidas, y que, sobre todo, alcance la «renovación ética» necesaria. El ser humano metamoderno: un yo más ético que cognitivo.

  11. Fluorescence spectra and collisional energy transfer of YO (A2PIsub(1/2, 3/2)) molecules in flames

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wijchers, T.

    1981-01-01

    The aim of this investigation was (a) to determine, from fluorescence spectra in the visible, the normalized, radiatively induced extra populations of vibronic levels of a diatomic metal compound; (b) to calculate therefrom the normalized collisional transition probabilities between vibrational levels in an excited electronic state. Yttrium monoixde (YO) was chosen as the metal compound and A 2 PIsub(1/2,3/2) as the state(s) to be investigated. (Auth.)

  12. "Defensa de Palamedes por él mismo": pluralidades del "yo" que enuncia en la etopeya gorgiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Selene Chialva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La Defensa de Palamedes por él mismo de Gorgias es un texto ficticio de apología judicial, exponente del género epidíctico, escrito aproximadamente en el año 411 a.C. La condición retórico-escolar del texto está dada en el título ya que constituye un recurso avant la lettre que, en los Progymnásmata de época imperial, será definido y enseñado bajo el nombre de un ejercicio particular: etopeya (o prosopopeya, i.e. un discurso apropiado para un personaje, histórico o ficticio, escrito en primera persona y elaborado en léxico, tema y estilo de acuerdo a las características del personaje. Este recurso es el que subyace en los parlamentos del teatro clásico, en las apologías forenses de los logógrafos y en todo intento de construcción de la palabra de un yo por otro yo. Nuestra intención en este trabajo es explorar la construcción de la etopeya en el pliegue enunciativo del yo que habla, Palamedes, detrás del cual se deja leer el yo Gorgias, y advertir las múltiples direcciones de interpretación que ese pliegue genera al poner en diálogo el texto sofístico con sus con-textos filosóficos y, puntualmente, trágicos.

  13. ¿EDUCADORES O CONSUMIDORES? DISCREPANCIA DEL YO, CONSUMO Y VALORES MATERIALES EN ESTUDIANTES CHILENOS DE PEDAGOGÍA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianela Denegri Coria

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como propósito caracterizar las relaciones existentes entre la discrepancia del Yo, las actitudes hacia la compra y valores materialistas en estudiantes de Pedagogía considerando diferencias de género. Se aplicaron las escalas de Discrepancia del Yo, Actitudes hacia la Compra y Valores Materiales, en una muestra de 167 estudiantes chilenos de las carreras de Pedagogía en Historia de dos universidades del Sur de Chile. Los resultados obtenidos, evidencian correlaciones significativas entre las dimensiones de discrepancia del Yo físico, intelectual y económico, y las actitudes impulsivas y compulsivas hacia la compra; así como en las dimensiones de valores materiales vinculadas al éxito social y felicidad personal. En cuanto al género, se observa en las mujeres un perfil de ambivalencia actitudinal, donde coexiste la racionalidad con la compulsividad. A partir de la relevancia social del futuro ejercicio profesional de los estudiantes de pedagogía, los resultados se discuten considerando la importancia de la inclusión de la educación económica y financiera en la formación inicial de profesores, con un fuerte énfasis en la toma de conciencia acerca de sus actitudes y valores hacia el consumo.

  14. The Yo me cuido® Program: Addressing Breast Cancer Screening and Prevention Among Hispanic Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jenna L; Ramos, Roberto; Rivera-Colón, Venessa; Escobar, Myriam; Palencia, Jeannette; Grant, Cathy G; Green, B Lee

    2015-09-01

    Breast cancer is less likely to be diagnosed at the earliest stage in Hispanic/Latino (Hispanic) women compared to non-Hispanic White women, even after accounting for differences in age, socioeconomic status, and method of detection. Moffitt Cancer Center created a comprehensive health education program called Yo me cuido (®) (YMC) to address and reduce breast cancer disparities among Spanish- and English-speaking Hispanic women by providing breast cancer and healthy lifestyles awareness and education, and promoting breast cancer screenings, reminders, and referrals for women 40 years and older. The purpose of this paper is to showcase the innovative approaches and methods to cancer prevention and early detection of the YMC program, and to promote it as an effective tool for improving outcomes in community health education, outreach, and engagement activities with Hispanic populations. Key components of the program include educational workshops, mammogram referrals, and a multimedia campaign. The YMC program is unique because of its approaches in reaching the Hispanic population, such as delivering the program with compassionate services to empower participants to live a healthier lifestyle. Additionally, direct follow-up for mammography screenings is provided by program staff. From 2011 to 2013, YMC has educated 2,226 women and 165 men through 93 workshops. About 684 (52 %) women ages 40 and older have had a screening mammogram within their first year of participating in the program. The YMC program is an innovative cancer education and outreach program that has demonstrated a positive impact on the lives of the Hispanic community in the Tampa Bay region.

  15. Praxis de la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo. Yo también fui zigoto

    OpenAIRE

    Queiruga Dios, Marián

    2016-01-01

    La praxis de la Interrupción Voluntaria del Embarazo es lo que se pret ende plantear en este estudio, con el subtítulo “yo también fui zigoto”, se personaliza la cuestión. Nos acercaremos a dicha praxis y haremos una valoración ética de la misma desde el ámbito filosófico: la licitud ética de la Interrupción Voluntaria del Embarazo.

  16. Enfermedad preexistente, agravamiento y/o accidente de trabajo: análisis de 10 casos clínicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M.ª González Onetti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En nuestro centro asistencial se han atendido en el año 2012, 1.304 primeras asistencias, de las cuales 85 fueron consideradas no accidente de trabajo/enfermedad profesional. Hemos elegido al azar 10 casos clínicos donde existió discrepancia por parte del paciente cuando los servicios médicos determinaron que la patología que sufría el paciente no era accidente de trabajo y/o agravamiento por lo que se derivó a su médico de atención primaria quien emitió parte de baja por contingencias comunes y se inició determinación de contingencias ante el INSS por parte del Servicio Andaluz de Salud. En 7 de los casos existió discrepancia entre los inspectores médicos del INSS y los servicios médicos de la mutua, en 3 de ellos se consideraron enfermedad común al existir enfermedad preexistente. De los casos analizados comprobamos que no existían criterios unificados, claros y precisos entre enfermedad preexistente, agravamiento y/o accidente de trabajo dependiendo del médico evaluador y/o médico de la mutua determinar si era o no accidente de trabajo. Si no existían antecedentes médicos por el SAS y/o bajas previas por ITCC por la misma patología o similar el INSS determino siempre la contingencia como accidente de trabajo. El tiempo medio de los 10 casos analizados entre el inicio de la determinación de contingencias y la comunicación de la resolución por parte del INSS fue de 240 días. De los 7 casos que fueron accidente de trabajo, 6 seguían en situación de baja laboral y un caso se encontraba curado e incorporado a su puesto de trabajo.

  17. Yoğurt Bakterilerinin (Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Streptococcus thermophilus) Sucuğun Fermantasyonu Üzerine Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Karakaya, Mustafa; Kılıç, Aydın

    1994-01-01

    Bu araştırmada, L. bulgaricus, S. thermophilus yoğurt kültürleri ve değişik karbonhidrat kaynakları (sakkaroz, laktoz) kullanılarak, sucuğun fermantasyonu üzerine olan etkileri araştırılmıştır. Olgunlaşma sürelerinin belirlenmesinde sucukların belirli su miktarına (%35) ulaşmaları kriter olarak alınmış ve bu süre içerisinde periyodik olarak laktik asit üretimi ve pH değişimi kontrol edilmiştir. Kullanılan yoğurt kültürleri olgunlaşmanın 4. ve 7. günlerinde pH değişimi üzerine etkili olurken,...

  18. Ultrasonik Homojenizasyon İşleminin Yoğurdun Su Tutma Kapasitesi Üzerine Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Şengül

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Çalışmada, ısıl olmayan muhafaza tekniklerinden biri olan ultrason ve klasik homojenizatör kullanılarak homojenize edilen sütlerden elde edilen yoğurtların su tutma kapasiteleri incelenmiştir. Ultrasonik homojenizasyonda, 20, 50 ve %70 olmak üzere 3 farklı güç seviyesi, 3 ve 6 dakika olmak üzere 2 farklı işlem zamanı kullanılmıştır. Klasik homojenizasyonla karşılaştırıldığında, ultrasonik homojenizasyonun yoğurdun su tutma kapasitesi üzerine daha etkili olduğu belirlenmiştir. İşlem zamanı ve güç seviyesi arttıkça su tutma kapasitesi de artmıştır. En yüksek su tutma kapasitesi (%66.18, 6 dakikalık işlem zamanı ve %70 güç seviyesinde elde edilmiştir. Ayrıca, fermantasyon boyunca örneklerin pH değerleri 30’ar dakikalık periyotlarla izlenmiştir.

  19. Sebze Püresi ile Üretilen Yoğurtların Tekstürel ve Duyusal Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tülay Özcan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada kontrol (K; balkabağı (YBK, havuç (YHA, bezelye (YBE ve yeşil kabak püreli (YYK yoğurt olmak üzere 5 farklı set tipi yoğurt üretilmiştir. Sebzeli yoğurtlarda bulunan diyet liflerinin bakteri gelişmesini teşvik eden potansiyel etkisi sonucu Streptococcus thermophilus ile Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus sayılarının arttığı saptanmıştır. Yoğurtların sebze püreleri ile zenginleştirilmesinin pH, titrasyon asitliği, serum ayrılması, duyusal özelikler ile sertlik, iç yapışkanlık, konsistens ve viskozite indeksi gibi tekstürel özellikler üzerinde etkili olduğu gözlenmiştir. Havuç püresi ile üretilen yoğurtlarda viskozite, konsistens ve sertliğin yüksek olduğu saptanırken, yeşil kabak ilaveli olanlar daha zayıf tekstürel özellikler göstermiştir. Sonuç olarak sebze püresi ilavesinin set tipi yoğurtlarda tekstürel özelliklerinin iyileştirilmesi konusunda önemli rol oynadığı ve fonksiyonel süt ürünlerinin geliştirilmesinde kullanılabileceği belirlenmiştir.

  20. Cepa de Trichoderma útil para el tratamiento y/o prevención de infecciones provocadas por hongos pertenecientes al género Verticillium

    OpenAIRE

    Barroso-Albarracín, Juan Bautista; Chaki, Mounira; Mercado-Blanco, Jesús; Valverde-Corredor, Antonio; López García, Antonio Alejandro

    2011-01-01

    La invención se refiere al uso de la cepa de hongos Trichoderma harzianum CECT 2413 para la prevención y/o tratamiento de infecciones de plantas y/o suelos provocadas por hongos fitopatógenos pertenecientes al género Verticíllium, preferiblemente por los patotipos defoliante o no defoliante de Verticillium dahliae, agente causante de la Verticilosis del olivo. Además, la invención propone el uso de esta cepa de hongos en combinación con otros hongos del género Trichoderma.

  1. Revisión de Neumonías por Pneumocistys jirovecii y/o Citomegalovirus en niños menores de 6 meses.

    OpenAIRE

    Remache S., Andrea; Hernández, Alfonso; Méndez, Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    La infección primaria por Pneumocistys jirovecii (PCJ) y/o Citomegalovirus (CMV) puede causar casos de neumonía fatal en pacientes inmunocomprometidos. Sin embargo, en la actualidad es conocido que la infección por éstos agentes puede ocurrir a muy temprana edad en niños sanos. Objetivo: Describir las características clínico – epidemiológicas de neumonías con etiología confirmada para PCJ y/o CMV en pacientes menores de 6 meses. Metodología: Revisión retrospectiva de fichas clínicas de cas...

  2. ¿Educadores o consumidores? discrepancia del yo, consumo y materialismo en estudiantes chilenos de pedagogía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianela Denegri Coria

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como propósito caracterizar las relaciones existentes entre la discrepancia del Yo, las actitudes hacia la compra y valores materialistas en estudiantes de Pedagogía considerando diferencias de género. Se aplicaron las escalas de Discrepancia del Yo, Actitudes hacia la Compra y Valores Materiales, en una muestra de 167 estudiantes chilenos de las carreras de Pedagogía en Historia de dos universidades del Sur de Chile. Los resultados obtenidos, evidencian correlaciones significativas entre las dimensiones de discrepancia del Yo físico, intelectual y económico, y las actitudes impulsivas y compulsivas hacia la compra; así como en las dimensiones de valores materiales vinculadas al éxito social y felicidad personal. En cuanto al género, se observa en las mujeres un perfil de ambivalencia actitudinal, donde coexiste la racionalidad con la compulsividad. A partir de la relevancia social del futuro ejercicio profesional de los estudiantes de pedagogía, los resultados se discuten considerando la importancia de la inclusión de la educación económica y financiera en la formación inicial de profesores, con un fuerte énfasis en la toma de conciencia acerca de sus actitudes y valores hacia el consumo. This paper aims to characterize the relationship between Self-discrepancy, attitudes toward buying and materialistic values ​​in pedagogy students considering gender differences. The Self-discrepancy scale and the Attitudes toward Purchase and Material Values scale were applied in a sample of 167 Chilean Pedagogy students majoring in History teaching in two universities in southern Chile. The results show significant correlations for Self-discrepancy between the physical, intellectual and economic dimensions and the impulsive and compulsive attitudes towards buying, as well as the dimensions of materialism linked to social success and personal happiness. Regarding gender, women display an ambivalent attitudinal

  3. Diseño de Laboratorios Virtuales y/o Remotos. Un Caso Práctico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M. Andújar Márquez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este articulo se realiza un analisis sobre las formas de acceso a los recursos experimentales de un laboratorio universitario (presencial o remoto a traves de Internet, asi como de los propios elementos y/o sistemas para realizar los experimentos, los cuales pueden ser virtuales (simulados en un ordenador o fisicos tangibles (tradicionalmente usados en las practicas presenciales. A partir de aqui, se proponen unas pautas de diseno de laboratorios de acceso remoto con control de sistemas fisicos a traves de instrumentos virtuales. Como caso practico de aplicacion se presenta un proyecto educativo y de investigacion: el Laboratorio de Ensayo de Robots (LER, que dirigido a la ensenanza en Automatica, esta siendo llevado a cabo por profesores y alumnos de grado y posgrado de la Universidad de Huelva. Palabras clave: Educacion en Automatica, E-learning, Instrumento Remoto, Instrumento Virtual, Laboratorio Remoto, Laboratorio Virtual, Robotica

  4. "Yo, Bernal Díaz del Castillo": ¿Soldado de a pie o idiota sin letras?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Cortínez

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo expone que la originalidad de la Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España radica en la escisión del "Yo" narrativo. La distancia temporal que separa al héroe del narrador crea una tensión entre propósitos irreconciliables. En este sentido, es ésta la historia de la desaveniencia entre ambos Bernales. This article shows that the originality of the Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España lies in the schism of the narrative "I". The temporal distance wich separates the hero from the narrator creates a tension between irreconcilable purposes. In this sense, this is the story of the discord between the two Bernales.

  5. APORTES DE LA TEORÍA LITERARIA ESTRUCTURALISTA AL DESARROLLO DEL YO NARRADOR EN EL CONSTRUCCIONISMO SOCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Felipe González Gutiérrez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Se exponen en este artículo reporte de investigación, los principales logros alcanzados en el marco del desarrollo del proyecto titulado « Comprensión de las teorías literarias estructuralistas en el desarrollo del yo narrador dentro del enfoque construccionista social» . A partir de una metodología de corte documental, se manifiesta el sentido de los aportes del estructuralismo en la consolidación de conceptos tales como narrador, narración, relato y algunas condi- ciones para establecer un cuerpo teórico novedoso que, al reunir la literatura y psicología, proponga nuevas formas de comprensión de las narraciones de la vida cotidiana.

  6. "Mi Bebé y Yo": A Primary Care Group for Latina/o Infants and Their Spanish-Speaking Caregivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margolis, Kate L.; Dunn, Dena M.; Herbst, Rachel Becker; Bunik, Maya; Buchholz, Melissa; Martinez, Dailyn; Talmi, Ayelet

    2015-01-01

    Culturally informed health interventions for linguistic minorities are crucial in promoting optimal child development. "Mi Bebé y Yo" is a primary care group for Spanish-speaking, Latina/o caregivers and their babies during their first year. Group visits occur in conjunction with well-baby checks and are designed to support families with…

  7. FY 2001 report on the integrated evaluation of the research cooperation project. Research cooperation program on the development of environmental measurement use laser radar/research cooperation project on the mining waste water treatment technology using biology; 2001 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo sogo hyoka hokokusho. Kankyo kesokuyo reza reda no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku - Baio riyo ni yoru kohaisui shori gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    By research groups having been sent, the integrated evaluation was made of the projects on the research cooperation with Indonesia in the development of environmental measurement use laser radar and the research cooperation with China in the mining waste water treatment technology using biology. As to the research cooperation with Indonesia, the purpose/target proposed were almost achieved, and all were favorably carried out. Especially, after finishing the project, the design/manufacture of an on-vehicle type Mie-scattering laser radar were made using the acquired laser technology. And, it was reported that an observation study of the state of air pollution in Bandung city was made using the laser radar. It can be said that generally the research cooperation with China was smoothly proceeded with. However, the Wushan mine is small in scale of management, and therefore, there might have been some points to be reviewed in selection of the mine for research. The pilot plant installed at the Wushan mine is not now operated. If the mine has strong management force, the effective use of the pilot plant after finishing the project might have been studied. (NEDO)

  8. Report of the FY 1995 research cooperation promotion projects (overall evaluation). Research cooperation in fuel cell utilization/district power generation system and village type technique for simplified continuous production of raw palm oil; 1995 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku suishin jigyo (sogo hyoka) hokokusho. Nenryo denchi katsuyo chiiki hatsuden system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku / sonrakugata kan'i renzoku palm arayu seizo gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The research cooperation project for fuel cell utilization/district power generation system is conducted under the research cooperation agreement between NEDO and Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), to demonstrate a 50 kW pilot plant constructed at EGAT's Bang Pakong power station. The fuel cell reforms self-spouted natural gas into H{sub 2} as the fuel. It has produced a total power of 341,921 kWh under the conditions of cumulative operating time: 8,115.4 hours, longest continuous operating time: 1,100 hours, service factor: 89.64%, load ratio: 86.13% and system utilization factor: 77.20%. The fuel technique will be acceptable for Thailand, if it is economically competitive. The project for producing raw palm oil is for Malaysia. The facilities introduced and tested for the new process are a continuous steam-heated fruit remover, fiber/nut separator, and shell cutter. The new process is evaluated to produce higher-quality raw palm oil in higher yield while consuming less energy. The new process, whose steps are automated, saves operating cost, and suitable for Malaysia which is suffering shortage of manpower. (NEDO)

  9. Project in fiscal 2000 of developing international standards for supporting new industries. Standardization of method for evaluating characteristics measurement for micromachine materials; 2000 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Micro machine yo zairyo no tokusei keisoku hyoka hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Targeting the international standardization of the method for evaluating properties measurement for micro-machine materials, R and D has been performed on measurement and evaluation of mechanical properties of different thin film materials with a thickness of about 10 {mu}m or less and a width of 100 {mu}m or less. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. The current fiscal year has executed tensile tests of thin film materials for micro-machines, and surveys on technological trends related to the standardization thereof inside and outside the country. A working process was developed to manufacture test pieces of the thin film materials including mono-crystalline silicon for the purpose of executing the round robin test. Prototype test pieces were fabricated. The round robin test was performed by using these test pieces, wherein improvements were given on the test pieces, structure of the testing machine, the distortion measuring method, and the test piece mounting method. Furthermore, discussions were given on the film forming conditions and the heat treatment conditions with regard to mainly the thin titanium film made by using the sputtering process and thin nickel film made by using the plating process. The IEC/TC47/WG4 committee has announced to propose this evaluation technology as the future international standard. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 2000 project for development of international standards for supporting novel industries. Standardization of fine ceramics test and evaluation method for communication equipment; 2000 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo. Tsushinkiki yo fain ceramics no shiken hyoka hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development is carried out aiming at the international standardization of methods for evaluating electric properties such as dielectric constant, dielectric loss, and surface resistance for fine ceramics for use in the high-frequency and ultrahigh-frequency bands. In this fiscal year, in the effort to establish an accurate measurement method for millimeter wave complex specific inductive capacity, the Fabry-Perot resonator was improved, and found to be capable of measuring 60-110 GHz. Efforts were made to improve on the accuracy of the cavity resonator excited by coaxial cable, for which various types of resonators were fabricated. For the calibration of evaluation apparatuses such as the Fabry-Perot resonator, cavity resonator excited by coaxial cable, and dielectric resonator excited by non-radiative waveguide, sapphire single crystals and PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) were selected as reference materials for measuring complex dielectric constant, and their dimensions and specifications were determined. In the study of the evaluation of basic surface properties, surface irregularity of the silver electrode was accurately measured by use of a thin-film surface geometry measurement apparatus, and the presence of a strong correlation between the jig silver electrode surface coarseness and the microwave band effective conductivity. (NEDO)

  11. FY 1999 project on the development of new industry support type international standards. Standardization of methods to measure/evaluate characteristics of micro-machine use materials; 1999 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Micro machine yo zairyo no tokusei keisoku hyoka hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Study was conducted with the aim of developing the standard tensile test method which enables the measurement/evaluation of mechanical properties of various kinds of thin film materials with thickness of 10{mu}m or below and width of 100{mu}m or below and of making it a draft for the international standards. The FY 1999 results were summarized. As to the Round Robin Test, Si test pieces were so fabricated by bulk micro-machining that comparisons in testing method can easily be made. Concerning the test machine, the measurement of deformation and strain of test pieces at the time of tensile test was made possible with the introduction of an optical microscope with interferometer and CCD camera for image processing. The measurement was also made possible of Young' modulus of polycrystal Si films of test pieces different in length. Relating to the optimization of standard test pieces, basic tests were carried out on the analysis of gradients of sputter thin films/the trend of grain formation state, measurement of residual stress of Ni plated films, etc. In the survey of the adaptability to standardization, it was found out that industrial circles in Europe and the U.S. are not interested in the standardization which produces no direct profits. (NEDO)

  12. Research report for fiscal 1998. Evaluation and analysis of the collected data for the field tests on photovoltaic power generation systems for public facilities; 1998 nendo kokyo shisetsu nado yo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo ni okeru shushu data hyoka kaiseki kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The field tests on photovoltaic power generation systems for public facilities have begun in fiscal 1992 by NEDO. The systems including those under construction are installed in 116 sites. Analyses were given on 75 sites which have been operated up to fiscal 1996. Analyses of the operation characteristics were performed by using performance parameters derived by developing the basic expressions into each configuration element. For the insolation on slanted surface, the range from 3.0 to 4.5 kWh/m{sup 2}/D accounts for 65% of the total insolation. For the equivalent array operation time, the range from 2.5 to 4.0 h/D accounted for 81%. For the equivalent system operation time, the range from 9.0 to 12.0 h/D accounted for 85%. The range for inverter active efficiency from 0.84 to 0.96 accounted for 79%. The inverter load rate was accounted for 88% by 0.20 to 0.35. The output coefficient was accounted for 82% by 0.7 to 1.0 in the array, and 87% by 0.6 to 0.9 in the system. The power generation cost has decreased to 200 yen per kwh in fiscal 1995 from 340 yen per kwh in fiscal 1992, largely contributed by reduced installation cost. (NEDO)

  13. Effects of elasticity on the damping characteristics of viscous shearing damper and estimation curve for modal damping in stay cables with this type of dampers. Cable seishin'yo nensei sendangata damper no gensui fuka tokusei ni oyobosu banegosei no eikyo to sono sekkeiyo gensui hyoka kyokusen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoneda, M. (Kawada Industries Inc., Tokyo (Japan)); Shimoda, I. (Oiles Corp., Tokyo (Japan))

    1993-12-20

    Oil dampers and viscous shearing dampers have been used to control wind-induced cable vibrations of cable-stayed bridges. The damping addition efficiency in the case where only damping force of the viscous shearing damper is considered was discussed in the previous paper. In this paper, more precise estimation is done by also considering the spring elasticity of the damper. Arranging the results of an indoor excitation test on viscous shearing dampers using SA-P viscous body, an experimental equation to express the spring rigidity is derived. The spring elasticity becomes smaller with increasing temperature of viscous body, decreasing frequency, and increasing amplitude. Then, the damping addition effect is measured by installing the viscous shearing damper on the actual bridge cable, and is compared with the theoretical value resulting from the complex-eigenvalue analysis. Consequently, it is shown that the theoretical value is almost correspondent with the measured result through the analysis using equivalent coefficient of viscosity and equivalent spring constant, which are arranged in the experimental equation. Moreover, application examples of damping estimation curves for designing cables with dampers are given. 15 refs., 13 figs., 10 tabs.

  14. Trascendiendo al yo ensimismado. La ética de la atención de Iris Murdoch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuartango, Román

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Many of moral dilemmas would lose its intensity, thinks Iris Murdoch, if we left the confused idea of a sovereign will that chooses independently its courses of action. Paying attention to what constitutes the reality enables a sort of asceticism of the experience, that leads beyond the deliriums of an I absorbed. The exercise of estimating the details, the connections, the complexity, modifies the decision itself: it does not be a matter of electing, but of “seeing” the moral thing -the demand of the thing-, the same as an exact artist does not paint what “he likes” but “what it is there”.

    Muchos de los dilemas morales perderían su intensidad, piensa Iris Murdoch, si abandonáramos la idea de una voluntad soberana que elige autónomamente sus cursos de acción. Prestar atención a la constitución de la realidad posibilita una suerte de ascesis experiencial que conduce más allá del los devaneos de un yo ensimismado. El ejercicio de apreciación de los detalles, de las conexiones, de la complejidad, modifica la decisión misma: no se trata de elegir, sino de “ver” lo moral –la exigencia de la cosa–, igual que un artista cabal no pinta lo que “le gusta” sino “lo que está ahí”.

  15. Aerobic fitness testing in 6- to 9-year-old children: reliability and validity of a modified Yo–Yo IR1 test and the Andersen test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahler, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Målet med dette studie var at undersøge to indirekte VO2max tests (Yo–Yo IR1 og Andersen test) hos en gruppe 0 og 2. klasses børn mht. reproducerbarhed og mht. validitet i relation til en direkte målt VO2max. 35 skolelever i alderen 6-9 år blev inkluderet i studiet (18 fra 0., og 17 fra 2. klasse...

  16. Electrical and thermal transport properties of layered Bi{sub 2}YO{sub 4}Cu{sub 2}Se{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiao, Yu; Pei, Yanling; Chang, Cheng; Zhang, Xiao [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Tan, Xing [State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Ye, Xinxin [Department of Physics, South University of Science and Technology of China, Shenzhen 518055 (China); Gong, Shengkai [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Lin, Yuanhua [State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); He, Jiaqing [Department of Physics, South University of Science and Technology of China, Shenzhen 518055 (China); Zhao, Li-Dong, E-mail: zhaolidong@buaa.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China)

    2016-07-15

    Bi{sub 2}YO{sub 4}Cu{sub 2}Se{sub 2} possesses a low thermal conductivity and high electrical conductivity at room temperature, which was considered as a potential thermoelectric material. In this work, we have investigated the electrical and thermal transport properties of Bi{sub 2}YO{sub 4}Cu{sub 2}Se{sub 2} system in the temperature range from 300 K to 873 K. We found that the total thermal conductivity decreases from ~1.8 W m{sup −1} K{sup −1} to ~0.9 W m{sup −1} K{sup −1}, and the electrical conductivity decreases from ~850 S/cm to ~163 S/cm in the measured temperature range. To investigate how potential of Bi{sub 2}YO{sub 4}Cu{sub 2}Se{sub 2} system, we prepared the heavily Iodine doped samples to counter-dope intrinsically high carrier concentration and improve the electrical transport properties. Interestingly, the Seebeck coefficient could be enhanced to ~+80 μV/K at 873 K, meanwhile, we found that a low thermal conductivity of ~0.7 W m{sup −1} K{sup −1} could be achieved. The intrinsically low thermal conductivity in this system is related to the low elastic properties, such as Young's modulus of 70–72 GPa, and Grüneisen parameters of 1.55–1.71. The low thermal conductivity makes Bi{sub 2}YO{sub 4}Cu{sub 2}Se{sub 2} system to be a potential thermoelectric material, the ZT value ~0.06 at 873 K was obtained, a higher performance is expected by optimizing electrical transport properties through selecting suitable dopants, modifying band structures or by further reducing thermal conductivity through nanostructuring etc. - Highlights: • The total thermal conductivity decreases from 1.8 to 0.9 Wm{sup –1}K{sup –1} at 300–873K. • The electrical conductivity decreased from 850 to 163 S/cm at 300–873K. • The Seebeck coefficients were enhanced through heavily Iodine doping. • The ZT ~0.06 at 873K suggests that Bi{sub 2}YO{sub 4}Cu{sub 2}Se{sub 2} systems are potential thermoelectrical materials.

  17. Yoğurt Yapımında Saf Kültürün Kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevda Kılıç

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Yoğurt, sütün L. bulgaricus ve S. thermophilus bakterilerini belirli oranlarda içeren kültürle aşılanması sonucu elde edilen bir süt mamülüdür. Yoğurt teknolojisinde yaklaşık 70 yıldır kültür kullanılmaktadır. Kültürün hazırlanmasında yararlanılan bakteriler, belirli özellikleri dikkate alınarak seçilmektedir. Daha sonra yağsız süt tozundan hazırlanan süte aşılanarak 42-44 oC’de inkübasyona bırakılmakta ve pH 4.7 olduğunda inkübasyona son verilerek çoğaltımı ve aktifleşmeleri sağlanmaktadır. Günümüzde diğer ülkelerde olduğu gibi ülkemizde de kültür kullanımı gıda maddeleri tüzüğünün 51. maddesine göre zorunlu tutulmaktadır. Ancak buna rağmen kültür, tam anlamıyla bilinmemekte veya bilinçli olarak kullanılmamaktadır. Yoğurt teknolojisinde kültür, kullanımı ile daha kaliteli yoğurt yapılmaktadır. Uzun süre tat, aroma ve yapısı bozulmadan saklanabilmekte, raf ömrü uzamaktadır. Normal sertlikte olan yoğurtta asitlik istenilen düzeyde olduğu için su salmada görülmez.

  18. CONFIGURACIÓN DEL YO Y POLÍTICAS DE GÉNERO EN LA HYBRIS DE ALICIA GENOVESE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Salomone

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene por objetivo analizar el poemario La Hybris (2007 de la escritora argentina Alicia Genovese, considerando la configuración del yo lírico y, asimismo, el tipo de política genérico-sexual que éste despliega. En este marco, es relevante revisar los sentidos que asume el juego de intertextualidad con la tragedia griega que propone el discurso del poemario. Ello se relaciona, por una parte, con la necesidad de confrontar un presente que se avizora complejo y confuso desde una tradición cultural que aporta construcciones ideológicas y sensibilidades comunitarias que pueden confrontarse con el propio contexto. Por otro lado, el juego intertextual posibilita dar sustento y legitimidad a una voz lírica que no solo expone la furia de ciertos padecimientos, sino que procura, dificultosamente, encontrar modos para que ese malestar se canalice de modo productivo.This article aims to analyze La Hybris (2009, a poetry book by the Argentine writer Alicia Genovese, considering the configuration of the lyric subject as well as the gender politics developed in the text. In this frame, it is relevant to observe the role of intertextuality, in particular, the dialogue established between the tradition of classic tragedles and the poems' discourses. The hypotesis ofthis work mantains that, referring to Greek tragedy, the poems may confront a present that is perceived both complex and confused. On the other hand, intertextuality functions as a way to give support and legitimacy to a lyric voice that not only aims to expose the fury caused by pain but also aspires to canalize her feelings productively.

  19. Yo Puedo--a conditional cash transfer and life skills intervention to promote adolescent sexual health: results of a randomized feasibility study in san francisco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnis, Alexandra M; vanDommelen-Gonzalez, Evan; Luecke, Ellen; Dow, William; Bautista-Arredondo, Sergio; Padian, Nancy S

    2014-07-01

    We designed and evaluated for feasibility an intervention-Yo Puedo-that addresses social network influences and socioeconomic opportunities in a neighborhood with substantial gang exposure and early childbearing. Yo Puedo combined conditional cash transfers for completion of educational and reproductive health wellness goals with life skills sessions, and targeted youth 16-21 years of age and same-aged members of their social network. We conducted a two-arm study with social networks randomized to the intervention or a standard services control arm. We evaluated intervention uptake, adherence, and safety; and assessed evidence of effects on behavioral outcomes associated with unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection risk. A total of 72 social networks composed of 162 youth enrolled, with 92% retention over 6 months. Seventy-two percent of youth randomized to the intervention participated in intervention activities: 53% received at least one conditional cash transfer payment and 66% came to at least one life skills session. We found no evidence that cash payments financed illicit or high-risk behavior. At 6 months, compared with controls, intervention participants had a lower odds of hanging out on the street frequently (odds ratio [OR], .54; p = .10) and a lower odds of reporting that their close friends had been incarcerated (OR, .6; p = .12). They reported less regular alcohol use (OR, .54; p = .04) and a lower odds of having sex (OR, .50; p = .04). The feasibility evaluation of Yo Puedo demonstrated its promise; a larger evaluation of effects on pregnancy and sustained behavioral changes is warranted. Copyright © 2014 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Cultura, memoria autobiográfica y yo: un análisis narrativo de las dimensiones de autonomía y relación

    OpenAIRE

    Mata Benítez, Manuel de La; Santamaría Santigosa, Andrés; Cubero Pérez, Mercedes; Antalíková, Radka

    2015-01-01

    Segundo Encuentro de la Sección Ibérica de la ISCAR (International Society for Cultural and Activity Research) celebrado en el Santuario de Santa María del Collell (Girona) los días 21, 22 y 23 de abril de 2014. El título de las jornadas fue “Personas y sociedades conectadas: nuevos desafíos, nuevos aportes” La investigación sobre memoria autobiográfica (MA) revela una estrecha relación entre ésta y el yo, afectada por experiencias y factores culturales. Los estudios clásicos han aportado ...

  1. Correlaciones anatomoclínicas en el paciente con traumatismo raquimedular y/o craneoencefálico: Importancia en enfermería.

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalo Martín, Pilar

    2012-01-01

    [ES] Esta tesis se ha enfocado en la evolución a lo largo de diez años del manejo inicial (asistencia prehospitalaria por un Soporte Vital Avanzado -SVA-), del paciente con lesión cerebral traumática (LCT) y/o lesión medular traumática (LMT). Basados en todos los aspectos y comentarios que se desarrollan en los apartados de introducción y discusión, los objetivos y enfoque del presente trabajo de Tesis Doctoral se realiza un análisis retrospectivo, longitudinal y descriptivo de la Asistencia ...

  2. NARRATIVAS DEL YO Y MEMORIAS TRAUMÁTICASNARRATIVAS DO EU E MEMÓRIAS TRAUMÁTICASNARRATIVES OF SELF AND TRAUMATIC MEMORIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonor Arfuch

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5965/2175180304012012045 Este texto fue presentado como conferencia en la mesa redonda Historia y Narrativas en el Primer Seminario Internacional Historia del Tiempo Presente, impulsado por el Programa de Posgrado en Historia de la UDESC y ANPUH-Santa Catarina, llevado a cabo entre los días 7 y 9 de noviembre de 2011, en Florianópolis/SC. En él, se problematiza el sujeto y su habla, se evidencia el testimonio como narrativa y las diferentes formas en las que la experiencia traumática se traduce en narrativas del yo

  3. Freud y el estado de la cuestión. Psicología de las masas y análisis del Yo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela María Jaramillo.

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available El interés básico de este texto es esclarecer cómo se conduce Freud en el establecimiento de lo que se ha nombrado como estado de la cuestión, particularmente en el texto Psicología de las masas y análisis del yo. Sólo voy a referirme a los apartados:- Le Bon y su descripción del alma de las masas.- Otras apreciaciones de la vida anímica colectiva.- Sugestión y libido.

  4. Freud y el estado de la cuestión. Psicología de las masas y análisis del Yo.

    OpenAIRE

    Ángela María Jaramillo.

    2004-01-01

    El interés básico de este texto es esclarecer cómo se conduce Freud en el establecimiento de lo que se ha nombrado como estado de la cuestión, particularmente en el texto Psicología de las masas y análisis del yo. Sólo voy a referirme a los apartados:- Le Bon y su descripción del alma de las masas.- Otras apreciaciones de la vida anímica colectiva.- Sugestión y libido.

  5. Factores predisponentes a labio leporino y/o paladar hendido en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Regional de Loreto periodo 2008 - 2014.

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira Díaz, Frederick; Rodríguez Vásquez, Jean Frank

    2015-01-01

    El propósito del presente trabajo de investigación fue determinar los factores predisponentes relacionados a labio leporino y/o paladar hendido en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Regional de Loreto período 2008 - 2014. La investigación fue cuantitativa, el diseño no experimental, descriptivo simple, transversal. Los resultados fueron: El género masculino fue el más prevalente con el 52,5%. El tipo de lesión más prevalente fue fisura del paladar con el 55%, seguido de labio leporino unilate...

  6. «Novela sin mundo» y otras técnicas para el desvanecimiento del yo en Macedonio Fernández

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selnich Vivas Hurtado

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A través de Museo de la novela de la Eterna y los conceptos de «Belarte» y «Humorismo», Macedonio Fernández se propone ha - cer una novela experimental en donde sea posible la duda y el des - vanecimiento del yo. La masificación y la industrialización de la Buenos Aires de finales del siglo XiX y principios del XX trajeron como consecuencia la fragmentación y enajenación del sujeto. Por lo tanto, el arte y específicamente la literatura, por medio de las vanguardias, se dieron a la tarea de encontrar formas de nombrar ese entorno transformado. En este contexto, Macedonio comienza a planificar su novela, una novela que no comienza y que teoriza sobre su misma construcción, una novela para liberar al sujeto. De acuerdo con lo anterior, este artículo se propone analizar cómo en dicha novela se lleva a cabo el desvanecimiento del yo a la luz de la Belarte y el Humorismo, y cómo Macedonio deja para la literatura una novela «fallida».

  7. Fabrication and Thermophysical Properties of La(2-x)Zr(2-y)O7 Nanocrystal by a Sol-Gel Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Che, Ping; Zhao, Ziqiang; Liu, Shixiang; Li, Wenjun

    2016-03-01

    Non-Stoichiometric La2Zr2O7 (La(2-x)Zr(2-y)O7) Nanocrystal was synthesized by a simple sol-gel method. The crystalline structure, oxygen vacancy concentration, thermal expansion coefficient, as well as the fracture toughness of as-prepared materials were charactered by XRD, TG-DSC, PL spectra, dilatometer, and electronic universal testing machine respectively. The crystal structure of La2Zr2O7 is of the cubic type while lattice parameter increases with the deviatation of Zr4+ and La3+ from Stoichiometric La2Zr2O7 increasing. The average linear thermal expansion coefficient of non-stoichiometric La2Zr2O7 is obviously bigger than that of La2Zr2O7 in the temperature range between 150 degrees C and 950 degrees C. The fracture toughness of La(2-x)Zr(2-y)O7 increases with x and y increasing up to x = 0.3 and y = 0.25.

  8. Yoğurt Yapımında Yararlanılan L. bulgaricus ve S. thermophilus’un Proteolitik Aktivitelerinin Belirlenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevda Kılıç

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Yoğurt bakterilerinin süte aşılandıktan sonra enzimatik etkinlikleri sonucu proteinleri parçalamaları olayına proteoliz adı verilir. Bu olay sırasında ortamda gerekli gelişme faktörleri meydana geldiğinden S. thermophilus’un gelişmesi ve çoğalması hızlandırılmış olur. Simbiyotik faaliyet gösteren bu bakteriler için gerekli ve yararlı olan proteoliz olayının yoğurt yapımında ancak belirli bir düzeyde meydana gelmesi istenir. ASPERGER, tirosin aminoasiti ile aroma oluşumu arasında bir ilişkinin olduğunu, tirosin içeriğinin 0.05-0.1 mg/ml olması durumunda yoğurtların istenen aromaya sahip olabileceğini bildirmiştir. 0.125 mg/ml tirosin içeren yoğurt örneklerinde ise hafif acı tat oluştuğu bildirilmiştir. Bundan hareketle yoğurt bakterileri olan L. bulgaricus ile S. thermophilus’ a ait suşların proteolitik aktiviteleri HULL yöntemine göre tirosin ekivalantı üzerinden belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmada genellikle yüksek asitlik oluşturabilen L. bulgaricus suşlarının daha fazla proteolitik aktivite gösterdikleri saptanmıştır. Ancak bütün bakteri suşları için bu durumun geçerli olmadığı da belirlenmiştir. 20 L. bulgaricus suşuna ait değerlerin 0.105-0.215 mg tirosin/ml sınırları arasında değiştiği gözlenmiştir. S. thermophilus’un denemeye alınan 20 suşu için saptanan değerler de 0.080-0.070 mg tirosin/ml arasında belirlenmiş olup değerlerin L. bulgaricus’ a ait değerlerden çok düşük olduğu anlaşılmıştır.

  9. Patologías prevalentes en hospitalizados con LabioLeporino y/o Paladar Hendido del Hospital Materno-Infantil “Germán Urquidi”, Julio 2007-Agosto 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Méndez Pardo; Edgar López Saavedra

    2011-01-01

    El siguiente trabajo pretende determinar las patologías que prevalecen en pacientes hospitalizados con labioleporino y/o paladar hendido del hospital Materno-Infantil “Germán Urquidi”, julio 2007- agosto 2011, ademásdeterminar la relación con el sexo, procedencia y tipos de paladar hendido y/o labio leporino de los pacientes.La investigación es de carácter descriptivo, retrospectivo. De un total de 11.735 pacientes hospitalizados pordiversas patologías se analizaron 28 historias clínicas (15 ...

  10. Yağsız Yoğurt Üretiminde Yağ Taklidi Madde Kullanımı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balkır Tamuçay

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada yağsız yoğurt üretiminde karşılaşılan duyusal ve fiziksel problemleri önlemek amacıyla protein kaynaklı yağ taklidi maddelerden biri olan Simplesse® 100 kullanılmıştır. Dört ayrı deneme yoğurtlarının (K (kontrol, A: %1, B: %2,5, C: %4 oranında Simplesse® 100 ilaveli, depolamanın 1., 11. ve 21. günlerinde fiziksel, kimyasal ve duyusal analizleri yapılmıştır. A, B ve C örneklerinde kurumadde değerleri, K (kontrol örneğine göre ilave edilen Simplesse® 100 oranlarına bağlı olarak sırasıyla (%1, %2.5 ve %4 artmıştır. Aroma maddesi ilavesi yoğurtların titrasyon asitliği, pH ve laktik asit içeriklerinde önemli bir değişime neden olmamıştır. Depolamanın 11. gününde %1 Simpless® katkılı A örneğinin konsistens ve viskozite değerleri K, B ve C örneklerine göre daha iyi bulunurken, 21. günde tüm örneklerde hemen hemen aynı değerler elde edilmiştir. Serum ayrılması değeri bakımından ise C örneği (en yüksek oranda (%4 Simpless® ilaveli, bütün dönemlerde en iyi sonucu vermiştir. Asetaldehit miktarı kontrol (K örneğinde en düşük, B ve C'de ise en yüksek olarak tespit edilmiştir. Uçucu yağ asitlerinde de asetaldehitteki gibi bir eğilim ortaya çıkmıştır. Uçucu yağ asitleri ve asetaldehit içeriklerine bakıldığında tüm örneklerde yoğurtlardaki normal değerlerin altında çıkmıştır. Duyusal yönden %1 katkılı A örneği, diğer örneklere göre daha yüksek puanlar almıştır.

  11. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Hastanesi Yoğun Bakım Ünitesi plazmaferez uygulamaları

    OpenAIRE

    polat, mümin; ceylan, berit; Alanoğlu, Güçhan; Eroğlu, Füsun; Sipahi, Tansu

    2010-01-01

    Terapötik aferez çeşitlerinden en sık kullanılan, tedavi amaçlı plazma değişimi, tam kanın hastadan alınarak bir cihaz vasıtası ile komponentlerine ayrılması ve bu komponentlerden şekilli elemanların diğer bir plazma kaynağı ile (doğal veya yapay) birlikte hastaya geri verilmesidir. Hastanemiz yoğun bakım ünitesinde 1 yıl içerisinde plazmaferez uyguladığımız olguları retrospektif olarak değerlendirdik. Toplam 11 olguya 56 seans plazmaferez yapılmıştır. 3 olgunun Gullian Barre Sendromu (%27.2)...

  12. RETORNO DE PADRES Y/O MADRES MIGRANTES INTERNACIONALES DESDE LOS RELATOS DE LOS HIJOS E HIJAS, SIGNIFICADOS DE LOS ACUERDOS Y LOS PROYECTOS FAMILIARES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatali Oquendo Lorduy

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo, aporta reflexiones sobre los estudios de migración internacional en Cartagena de Indias, a partir del análisis de experiencias de un grupo de hijos e hijas cuyos padres y/o madres han migrado por diversos motivos. En sus experiencias, se abordan los significados elaborados en torno al retorno, en particular aquellos sobre los acuerdos y proyectos familiares, que se movilizan a partir de los vínculos y expectativas que los migrantes van construyendo con hijos e hijas entre origen y destino, así como los cambios que pueden suscitarse, a lo largo del proceso migratorio, debido a la ausencia o presencia, que en conjunto lleven a reconfigurar sus expectativas de familias

  13. Sobre machos reales y santos ficticios: Yo no tengo la culpa de haber nacido tan sexy de Eduardo Mendicutti, entre lo global y lo local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Ingenschay

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En Yo no tengo la culpa de haber nacido tan sexy (1997, Eduardo Mendicutti cuenta unos episodios del “peregrinaje” de la todavía hermosa transexual Rebecca de Windsor a siete monasterios que visita en busca de la perfección religiosa y de la unión con el Amado divino. El texto despliega su estética camp a través del pastiche de los estilos, dicciones y temas de la lírica mística barroca, sobre todo por las referencias a Las Moradas de Santa Teresa de Ávila, su intertexto directo. A la vez logra describir las consecuencias de la globalización de las prácticas homosexuales y tematizar los rasgos específicos

  14. Nanocrystalline La1-xSrxCo1-yFe yO3 perovskites fabricated by the micro-emulsion route for high frequency response devices fabrications

    KAUST Repository

    Azhar Khan, Muhammad; Khan, Kamran; Mahmood, Azhar; Murtaza, Gulam; Akhtar, Majid Niaz; Ali, Irshad M.; Shahid, Muhammad; Shakir, Imran; Farooq Warsi, Muhammad

    2014-01-01

    Nanocrystalline La1-xSrxCo1-yFe yO3 (x=0.00-0.60) perovskites were fabricated by a cheap economic route (i.e. micro-emulsion method) and characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared (FTIR

  15. The Challenge of Eradicating Illiteracy in a Literate World: The ‘Yo, si puedo’-programme in Bolivia as an Effort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Live Danbolt Drange

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Analfabetizmo es considerado una de las razones principales de exclusión social, pobreza y desigualdad en una sociedad, y alfabetización es esencial para alcanzar los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio – ODM. Bolivia es uno de los paises más pobres de America Latina. También tiene una población mayor de indígenas caracterizada por poca asistencia escolar y un alto índice de analfabetizmo. Con el objetivo de erradicar el analfabetismo en treinta meses el Gobierno de Evo Morales lanzó en 2006 una campaña intensiva de alfabetización, Yo, si puedo. El articulo analiza la situación después de terminar la campaña y discute a qué punto el Gobierno ha logrado la meta. English: Illiteracy is considered one of the main reasons for social exclusion, poverty and inequity in a society and adult literacy is central to reach the Millennium Goals. Bolivia is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and one of those with the highest rate of indigenous population, a population that has been characterised by little schooling and a high rate of illiteracy. In 2006 the Evo Morales government launched an intensive literacy campaign, 'Yo, sí puedo', (Yes, I can, aiming at eradicating illiteracy within thirty months. The article analyses the situation after concluding the campaign and discusses to what extent the government has succeeded.

  16. Obtención del hormigón apropiado a terrenos y/o aguas agresivas diversas mediante la norma TGL 11357

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talero, Rafael

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available TGL 11357 Norm specifies the express use of the cement: — Portland with a content between 0% and 5% of C3A, or — Supersulphathed iron foundry (with conditions, or — Aluminates (with conditions when the agressiveness of the water and/or of an agressive sulphatic ground (among others will be touching the concrete work. There are countries where there is not such a specific kind of cement, being unable to execute this norm. But by means of this study, which enlarge with good reason the range of those appropiate composites to defined puzzolans, it would be easier to keep the meaning o this norm, to reach identical purpose, that is, a cement concrete with appropriate puzzolanic additions (and/or appropriate iron slags resistant to the mentioned agressiveness.

    La norma TGL 11357 especifica la utilización expresa de cementos: — Portland con un contenido de C3A del 0% al 5%, o — Siderúrgicos Sobresulfatados (con condiciones, o — Aluminosos (con condiciones cuando la agresividad del agua y/o terreno agresivo que vaya a estar en contacto con la obra de hormigón sea del tipo sulfático, entre otras. Existen muchos países que no disponen de tal tipo tan específico de cementos para poder cumplimentarla, y mediante el presente artículo, al ampliar fundadamente la gama de variabilidad de aquellos adecuados citados, a sólo determinados puzolánicos, se les facilitará bastante más la posible cumplimentación del espíritu de la norma en cuestión, para alcanzar idéntico objetivo, o sea, un hormigón de cemento con adiciones puzolánicas adecuadas (y/o escorias siderometalúrgicas adecuadas, resistente al mencionado ataque agresivo.

  17. Konsantre Yoğurt Jelinin Oluşumunda Etkili Faktörler II. Hidrofobik ve İyonik İnteraksiyonların Rolü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbaros H. Özer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, hidrofobik ve iyonik interaksiyonların koyulaştırılmış yoğurt jellerinin fiziksel özellikleri üzerindeki rolü araştırılmıştır. Konsantre yoğurt üretiminde, ultrafiltrasyon (UF, reverse osmosis (RO ve direk rekonstitüsyon (DR teknikleri kullanılmıştır. Yoğurtların fiziksel özellikleri bir dinamik reometre aracılığı ile ölçülmüştür. Reometrenin çalışma parametreleri 1.5x10-2-1.5x10-1 mNm ve frekansı 0.25 Hz olarak kalibre edilmiştir. Farklı kurumadde artırım tekniklerinin süt proteinlerinde yarattığı değişimler ise doğal-poliakrilamid jel elektroforez ile incelenmiştir. Sonuçlara göre, hidrofobik interaksiyonların en az kovalent bağlar kadar yoğurt jelinin oluşumunda etkin rol oynadığı saptanmıştır. 2 oC’de glucono-delta-lactone ile asitlendirilen yoğurtlarda pıhtının son derece zayıf olduğu ve proteinler arası interaksiyonların tamamlanmadığı gözlenmiştir. Buna karşın, CaCl2 katımı UF-yoğurt dışında tüm örneklerde herhangi bir fiziksel değişime neden olmamıştır. Ancak, UF-yoğurtta CaCl2 konsantrasyonuna bağlı olarak dereceli bir düşüş saptanmıştır.

  18. Protein Esaslı Yağ İkame Maddesi Kullanımının Yağsız Yoğurdun Kalitesi Üzerine Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Sezen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, protein esaslı yağ ikame maddesi olan Dairy-Lo™ 'nun %1 ve %2 gibi iki farklı oranı kullanılarak, rekonstitüe sütten üretilen, yağsız set tipi yoğurtların fiziksel, kimyasal, tekstürel ve duyusal özellikleri incelenmiştir. Yoğurt örneklerinde depolamanın 1., 7. ve 15. günlerinde titrasyon asitliği, pH, asetaldehit, laktik asit, serum ayrılması, viskozite, konsistens değerleri saptanmıştır. Ayrıca yoğurt örneklerinde duyusal değerlendirmeler de yapılmıştır.  Bu çalışma sonucu elde edilen bulgular, protein esaslı yağ ikame maddesi Dairy-Lo™ ilavesinin yağsız yoğurdun konsistens ve viskozitesini artırıp, serum ayrılmasını azalttığını göstermiştir. Dairy-Lo™ 'nun %2 oranında kullanımının yağsız set tip yoğurdun kalitesini iyileştirdiği belirlenmiştir.

  19. Farklı Yoğunluktaki Malzemelerin Nötron Zayıflatma Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demet SARIYER

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet: Yüksek yoğunluklu radyasyon alanlarının oluştuğu hızlandırıcılarda, radyasyon seviyesini izin verilen doz değerlerine zayıflatmak için zırh tasarımı yapılır. Zırhın belirlenmesinde, radyasyon zayıflatma özellikleriyle birlikte kalınlığı, ağırlığı, kurulum ve bakım maliyeti gibi faktörler de göz önünde bulundurulur. Proton hızlandırıcılarında, zırhlama için etkin olan radyasyon nötronlardır ve zırh tasarımı nötronlara göre yapılır. Zırh maddesi olarak genellikle beton, toprak ve çelik kullanılır. Bu çalışmada, hızlandırıcı zırh tasarımında gerekli minimum yan duvar zırh kalınlıklarını belirlemek için farklı yoğunluklarda (toprak, standart beton, demir zırh maddeleri seçildi. Zırh kalınlıkları, FLUKA Monte Carlo kodu ile belirlendi. Anahtar kelimeler: Proton hızlandırıcı, zırh tasarımı, FLUKA, demir Investigation of Neutron Attenuation Properties for the Different Density Materials Abstract: The generation of high-intensity radiation fields in the accelerators, shield design is made to attenuation permissible levels of radiation dose. For determination of shield material, thicknesses, weight, installation and maintenance costs as well as radiation attenuation properties are taken into consideration such factors. Effective radiation for shielding is neutrons in proton accelerators and shield design is made for neutrons. Concrete, soil and iron are widely used as a shield material. In this paper, the different density of the shielding materials (soil, standard concrete, iron were selected to determine for the minimum thickness of the side wall for shielding design of proton accelerator. The thickness of the shielding is obtained by a simulation with the Monte Carlo Code FLUKA. Key words: Proton accelerator, shield design, FLUKA, iron.

  20. «¿Quién soy yo? ¿Quiénes son ellos/as?». Personajes en busca de identidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caretti, Laura

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Who am I? Who are they? These are the questions haunting the characters, created by writers such as Ibsen, Pirandello, Beckett and others, whose emblematic search for identity is explored in the article. The complex interconnections between subjectivity and alterity are focused within the coordinates of space (society and time (memory in their outward and inward movement. The characters are seen on stage relating also to the otherness of actors and spectators. Particular relief is given to the difference between the female and male search for identity in the light of contemporary historical changes.¿Quién soy yo? ¿Quiénes son ellos/as? Estas son las cuestiones que obsesionan a los personajes creados por escritores como Ibsen, Pirandello, Beckett y otros, cuya emblemática búsqueda de identidad se explora a lo largo de este artículo. Las complejas interconexiones entre subjetividad y alteridad son analizadas con las coordenadas del espacio (sociedad y el tiempo (memoria en su movimiento interno y externo. Los personajes son vistos en el escenario desde la alteridad de actores y espectadores. Un particular relieve se otorga a la diferencia entre la búsqueda de la identidad femenina y masculina a la luz de los cambios históricos contemporáneos.

  1. Thermal conductivity of Na3(U/sub 1-y/Pu/sub y/)O4: A preliminary in-pile determination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, M.J.; Lambert, J.D.B.; Ukai, S.; Odo, T.

    1987-01-01

    During Run-Beyond-Cladding-Breach (RBCB) operation in an oxide LMR, the performance of a breached fuel element is intimately associated with the formation of fuel-sodium reaction product (FSRP), Na 3 (U/sub 1-y/Pu/sub y/)O 4 . In-pile experiments coupled with destructive examinations of breached fuel have consistently revealed noticeable changes in fuel structure accompanying FSRP formation at the fuel surface. Previous analyses have also indicated a significant impact of FSRP on fuel centerline temperature. Successful modeling of breached fuel thermal behavior therefore requires a reasonably accurate knowledge of the thermal properties of the FSRP, especially its thermal conductivity. But laboratory investigations have been scarce and limited to the Na/UO 2 system because of the toxicity of plutonium and hygroscopicity of the FSRP. Hence, post-irradiation observations of fuel samples remain the most amenable way of deriving the thermal conductivity of the FSRP. Such work is a spin-off of the RBCB program in the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II (EBR-II), a program jointly sponsored by the US Department of Energy and the Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation of Japan

  2. Composition-control of magnetron-sputter-deposited (BaxSr1-x)Ti1+yO3+z thin films for voltage tunable devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, Jaemo; Auciello, O.; Baumann, P. K.; Streiffer, S. K.; Kaufman, D. Y.; Krauss, A. R.

    2000-01-01

    Precise control of composition and microstructure is critical for the production of (BaxSr1-x)Ti1+yO3+z (BST) dielectric thin films with the large dependence of permittivity on electric field, low losses, and high electrical breakdown fields that are required for successful integration of BST into tunable high-frequency devices. Here, we present results on composition-microstructure-electrical property relationships for polycrystalline BST films produced by magnetron-sputter deposition, that are appropriate for microwave and millimeter-wave applications such as varactors and frequency triplers. Films with controlled compositions were grown from a stoichiometric Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 target by control of the background processing gas pressure. It was determined that the (Ba+Sr)/Ti ratios of these BST films could be adjusted from 0.73 to 0.98 by changing the total (Ar+O2) process pressure, while the O2/Ar ratio did not strongly affect the metal ion composition. Film crystalline structure and dielectric properties as a function of the (Ba+Sr)/Ti ratio are discussed. Optimized BST films yielded capacitors with low dielectric losses (0.0047), among the best reported for sputtered BST, while still maintaining tunabilities suitable for device applications.

  3. Sabit Odaklı Silindirik Parabolik Bir Yoğunlaştırıcıda Kızgın Su Elde Edilmesi

    OpenAIRE

    Halıcı, Fethi

    2018-01-01

    Bu çalışn1ada, odağı sabit yansıtıcısı ha reketli olarak imal edilen silindirik parabolik yoğunlaştırıcıda (SPY) kızgın su ve sıcak su için yapılan deney sonuçları ve pe rfoımans değerleri verilmiştir. (SPY) 'nın yansıtıcı yüzeyi 2ınx3 m boyutlarında olup toplam açıklık alanı 6 ın2 dir. Odaktaki yut ucu yüzey yan yana yerleştirilen 2 kanatlı borudan imal edilmiştir. Odak uzaklığı 6 m olan (SPY) kuzey güney doğrultusu nda yerleştirilerek özel yapılan bir ınekanizma ile güneşi doğu batı do...

  4. Una técnica del yo cuestionada: la pregunta por la subjetividad en la psicología contemporánea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Andrade Rodríguez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta el producto preliminar de la reflexión en torno a una de las categorías emergentes en la revisión documental para avanzar en el proceso de Investigación Doctoral para aspirar al título de PhD. en la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana de Medellín. Presenta un interrogante por el lugar de la subjetividad en el fundamento disciplinar de la psicología, tal como se la concibe contemporáneamente. Dentro de sus conclusiones se propone que esta disciplina puede pensarse alternativamente a su usual denominación de ciencia y cuestionarse en tanto Tecnología del yo, así como en la necesidad de interrogar por la noción de sujeto que está en la base de su concepto de enfermedad mental. Finalmente, se propone la pertinencia de la exploración de la obra de Michel Foucault para abordar este interrogante.

  5. Magneto-optical properties of BaCryFe12-yO19 (0.0 ≤ y ≤ 1.0) hexaferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asiri, S.; Güner, S.; Korkmaz, A. D.; Amir, Md.; Batoo, K. M.; Almessiere, M. A.; Gungunes, H.; Sözeri, H.; Baykal, A.

    2018-04-01

    In this study, nanocrystalline BaCryFe12-yO19 (0.0 ≤ y ≤ 1.0) hexaferrite powders were prepared by sol-gel auto combustion method and the effect of Cr3+ ion substitution on morphology, structure, optic and magnetic properties of Barium hexaferrite were investigated. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analyses confirmed the purity of all samples. The XRD data shows that the average crystallite size lies between 60.95 nm and 50.10 nm and same was confirmed by Transmission electron microscopy. Transmission electron and scanning electron microscopy analyses presented the hexagonal morphology of all products. The characteristic hysteresis (σ-H) curves proved the ferromagnetic feature of as grown nanoparticle samples. Specific saturation magnetization (σs) drops from 46.59 to 34.89 emu/g with increasing Cr content while the coercive field values lie between 770 and 1652 Oe. The large magnitude of the magnetocrystalline (intrinsic) anisotropy field, (Ha) between 11.0 and 12.6 kOe proves that all products are magnetically hard. The energy band gap values decrease from 2.0 eV to 1.84 eV with increasing Cr content. From 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, the variation in line width, isomer shift, quadrupole splitting and hyperfine magnetic field values were determined and discussed.

  6. Farklı Oranlarda Kalsiyum Karbonat Kullanımının Yoğurdun Fiziksel, Kimyasal ve Duyusal Özellikleri Üzerine Etkisi (İngilizce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Coskun

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada süte farklı oranlarda CaCO3 ilave ederek zenginleştirme işlemi uygulanmıştır. Takviye işlemi kalsiyum karbonatın farklı seviyeleriyle (200, 400, 600 mg/100ml sütün pastörizasyonundan önce ve sonra uygulanmıştır. İlave edilen kalsiyum karbonatın zenginleştirilmiş yoğurt örneklerine etkisi depolama periyodu boyunca belirlenmiştir (21 gün, 4 °C’de. İlave edilen kalsiyum karbonat yoğurdun pH değerini ve viskozitesini artırmış, titrasyon asitliğini ve serum ayrılması değerini düşürmüştür. Sonuçlar istatistiksel olarak önemli bulunmuştur (P<0.05. En iyi sonuçlar kalsiyum karbonatın pastörizasyondan önce ilave edilmesiyle elde edilmiştir. Duyusal değerlendirme sonucunda, pastörizasyon öncesi kalsiyum karbonat ilave edilmiş örnekler ve kontrol örnekleri diğerlerine göre daha yüksek puanlar almıştır. İlave edilen kalsiyum karbonatın artan değerleri yoğurdun fiziksel ve kimyasal özelliklerini pozitif olarak etkilerken, yoğurdun duyusal özelliklerini negatif olarak etkilemiştir. İlave konsantrasyonlar 400mg/100ml’yi aşmamalıdır.

  7. La concepción del yo en Daniel Dennett: Un análisis de la relación entre la perspectiva heterofenomenológica y el enfoque memético

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayelen Sánchez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se propone analizar la posición de Daniel Dennett con respecto a la realidad y naturaleza del yo. El autor considera que la concepción del yo humano propia del sentido común, en tanto que un elemento único, simple, idéntico y continuo, es fundamentalmente una ficción. A partir de este diagnóstico, Dennett se propone ofrecer una explicación de este fenómeno ilusorio desde una doble perspectiva: la heterofenomenología y la memética. La primera y segunda parte de este trabajo estarán destinadas a desarrollar respectivamente estos dos enfoques. En la tercera parte serán analizadas las afirmaciones hechas por el autor dentro de los mencionados marcos teóricos, con el objetivo de mostrar que ambos desarrollos no se complementan entre sí, sino que, por el contrario, presentan ciertas contradicciones a la hora de reconstruir la postura dennettiana global con respecto al yo humano.

  8. An investigation on photoluminescence and energy transfer of Eu{sup 3+}/Sm{sup 3+} single-doped and co-doped Ca{sub 4}YO(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} phosphors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bandi, Vengala Rao; Grandhe, Bhaskar Kumar [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Kiwan, E-mail: kwjang@changwon.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Dong-Soo [Department of Chemistry, Changwon National University, Changwon (Korea, Republic of); Yi, Soung-Soo [Department of Photonics, Silla University, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Jung-Hyun [Department of Physics, Pukyong National University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-07-15

    The present investigation aims to demonstrate the potentiality of Eu{sup 3+}/Sm{sup 3+} single-doped and co-doped Ca{sub 4}YO(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} phosphors, which were prepared by a sol–gel method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) profiles showed that all the observed peaks could be attributed to the monoclinic phase of Ca{sub 4}YO(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}. From the measured emission profiles, we have noticed that both the single-doped Eu{sup 3+}/Sm{sup 3+} phosphors shows four emission transitions of {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 0,1,2,3} and {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 5/2,7/2,9/2,11/2} respectively. Among them, the {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2} of Eu{sup 3+} and {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 7/2} of Sm{sup 3+} are intense emission transitions, leading to an intense red color emission from the prepared phosphors. The excitation spectra showed that Eu{sup 3+}/Sm{sup 3+} doped samples can be excited efficiently by 394 nm and 402 nm respectively, incidentally which matches well with the characteristic emission from UVLED. The co-doping of Sm{sup 3+} ions can broaden and strengthen the absorption of near UV region and to be efficient to sensitize the emission of the Ca{sub 4}YO(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor. The mechanism involved in the energy transfer between Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} has been explained and elucidated by an energy level diagram. - Highlights: • Eu{sup 3+} or/and Sm{sup 3+}:Ca{sub 4}YO(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} phosphors were prepared by sol–gel method. • The co-doping of Sm{sup 3+} to Ca{sub 4}YO(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} extends its absorption of NUV region. • It has intense absorption in NUV region, which is suitable for NUV LED. • The energy transfer process between Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+} ions were discussed.

  9. Social network recruitment for Yo Puedo: an innovative sexual health intervention in an underserved urban neighborhood—sample and design implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnis, Alexandra M; vanDommelen-Gonzalez, Evan; Luecke, Ellen; Cheng, Helen; Dow, William; Bautista-Arredondo, Sergio; Padian, Nancy S

    2015-02-01

    Most existing evidence-based sexual health interventions focus on individual-level behavior, even though there is substantial evidence that highlights the influential role of social environments in shaping adolescents' behaviors and reproductive health outcomes. We developed Yo Puedo, a combined conditional cash transfer and life skills intervention for youth to promote educational attainment, job training, and reproductive health wellness that we then evaluated for feasibility among 162 youth aged 16-21 years in a predominantly Latino community in San Francisco, CA. The intervention targeted youth's social networks and involved recruitment and randomization of small social network clusters. In this paper we describe the design of the feasibility study and report participants' baseline characteristics. Furthermore, we examined the sample and design implications of recruiting social network clusters as the unit of randomization. Baseline data provide evidence that we successfully enrolled high risk youth using a social network recruitment approach in community and school-based settings. Nearly all participants (95%) were high risk for adverse educational and reproductive health outcomes based on multiple measures of low socioeconomic status (81%) and/or reported high risk behaviors (e.g., gang affiliation, past pregnancy, recent unprotected sex, frequent substance use; 62%). We achieved variability in the study sample through heterogeneity in recruitment of the index participants, whereas the individuals within the small social networks of close friends demonstrated substantial homogeneity across sociodemographic and risk profile characteristics. Social networks recruitment was feasible and yielded a sample of high risk youth willing to enroll in a randomized study to evaluate a novel sexual health intervention.

  10. La mirada (autoetnográfica de tres comadronas y su traducción (cinematográfica. Los vericuetos del yo autoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serena BRIGIDI

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios derivados del cuestionamiento del Estado del Bienestar, de posiciones ideológicas y del propio feminismo han abierto hoy un debate sobre oferta/demanda en salud reproductiva. Nuestro propósito consiste en el evaluar el valor etnográfico de los relatos de tres comadronas: Ramona Via, Jennifer Worth y Lisbeth Burger. La casuística presente en esas etnografías son hoy referencias importantes para algunos de los debates sobre el proceso de medicalización de la salud reproductiva y la reivindicación de la atención al parto domiciliar y sus reflexiones sobre la seguridad de la parturienta/bebe, las condiciones que deben cumplirse en el hogar, etc. Asimismo, el texto aborda los problemas que plantea una autoetnografía cuando se transporta a una (cinematografía, como en el caso de Call the midwife. Esta trasformación exige un cambio en el perspectiva del “yo literario” a partir del trabajo de mediación realizado tanto por el guión como por la construcción narrativa visual. Desde este punto de vista, el contraste entre la mirada literaria inmediata, la diferida y finalmente la reconstrucción visual de las dimensiones etnográficas de un relato puede ofrecer una perspectiva para situar críticamente la serie de televisión y su potencialidad como material didáctico.

  11. Ejecución del programa de alfabetización “Yo sí Puedo” en Cusubamba-Salcedo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Angel De la Fuente Briz

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available El analfabetismo es un problema que impide el desarrollo social y económico de las personas, afectando la calidad de vida y la salud. En este artículo se resume una experiencia de aplicación del método cubano “Yo sí Puedo”, para ayudar a reducir el analfabetismo en la Parroquia de Cusubamba, ubicada en Cotopaxi, Ecuador. Este método consiste en la asociación de las letras del alfabeto a un número, que forman palabras y grafemas, facilitando la memorización, combinando el uso de medios audiovisuales con el análisis y síntesis de los contenidos. El objetivo general fue aumentar el número de adultos alfabetizados, sin exclusiones de ningún tipo. Para ello se promovió la lectura con mediana fluidez y la redacción de oraciones, párrafos cortos y cartas. Esta experiencia vinculó los aprendizajes de lectura y escritura con eventos o situaciones significativas para los participantes, con lo cual se facilitó su motivación, comprensión y estudio.  Entre los resultados obtenidos, se logró alfabetizar a 380 personas, muchos de las cuales lograron realizar trámites cotidianos que posibilitarán en el futuro otros logros personales a los cuales estaban limitados por el analfabetismo. Asimismo, mejoraron sus expectativas laborales y relaciones mediante el uso de celulares. Con ello se fortalece una de las metas de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura, al concebir la alfabetización como un incremento continuo de niveles de competencias, comenzando por conocimientos funcionales de lectura y escritura, equivalente al nivel que se obtiene con la enseñanza básica.

  12. Comunidades estéticas e ingeniería en comunicacíon social. De los mundos por venir y el caso del movimiento yo también soy 132.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Galindo Cáceres

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available En la primera parte, “Concepto y situación. Comunicología de las comunidades estéticas”, se presentan las figuras del movimiento social occidental y el cambio social en la relación entre la formación de la individualidad y la alteridad en el contexto del sentido de comunidad. La lectura es desde la Comunicología construyendo el concepto de comunidad estética. En la segunda parte, “Composición y organización de las comunidades estéticas. Comunicología de un fenómeno emergente”, se presenta un apunte de la genética y el desarrollo de las comunidades estéticas en nuestro mundo contemporáneo. Aquí también la lectura es desde la Comunicología. En la tercera parte, “La configuración de un movimiento estético. Lectura comunicológica del movimiento Yo soy132”, se explora al movimiento Yo soy 132 como un movimiento social juvenil político en el sentido de una agenda del siglo XIX y el siglo XX, y como un movimiento estético en una agenda del siglo XXI. En la cuarta parte, “Hasta dónde pueden llegar las comunidades estéticas. Ingeniería en Comunicación Social de lo presente y lo posible”, se enfatiza la matriz del movimiento Yo soy 132 como emergencia en el seno de una configuración de comunidades estéticas, y con ello se hacen visibles las posibilidades constructivas de esa matriz desde el punto de vista de una Ingeniería en Comunicación Social.

  13. Yo soy del Son a la Salsa”: La re-edición de nuevas expresiones interculturales caribeñas en el espacio cinematográfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maydi Estrada Bayona

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available “Yo soy del Son a la Salsa”: La re-edición de nuevasexpresiones interculturales caribeñas en el espacio cinematográfico,es un artículo reflexivo que forma parte dela investigación titulada: Claves Interculturales Caribeñasen la poética cinematográfica de Rigoberto López. El mismoconstituye un acercamiento al tratamiento del temade la diáspora cubana y caribeña en el contexto del Caribeafro-hispánico insular y en Nueva York. El estudio tomacomo antecedente el largometraje de ficción La Últimacena, (1976 de Tomás Gutiérrez Alea y como obra principalel documental: Yo soy del Son a la Salsa, (1996 deRigoberto López, para a través de los aportes de la narrativacinematográfica cubana valorar acerca del impactosociocultural del sujeto migrante en los espacios de acogiday de origen. Ambas obras son referentes en el análisisde estos fenómenos sociales en relación a: su evoluciónen el tiempo, unicidad y diversidad de manifestaciones.Asimismo visualiza la complejidad de las relaciones espacialesabordadas en sus narrativas y explica los nexosentre ellas como obras propiamente. Define la visión interculturale intertextual del documental Yo soy del Son ala Salsa dentro de la estética de la creolización de su creador.Se analiza el lenguaje de la música como expresiónsimbólica de una identidad multicultural caribeña visto, apartir de los géneros musicales del Son y la Salsa, de igualmodo al espacio cinematográfico como revitalizador detradiciones en el Caribe.

  14. El espectro que soy yo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Araque Osorio

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available “El espectro que soy yo” es una mirada incompleta de mi vida en la ciudad, la universidad y elarte, es decir, de un cúmulo de acontecimientos fraccionados que dicen muy poco de los sucesos,pero me permiten hacer un dibujo de lo que soy y seré. No podemos saber si lo que recordamoscomo cierto ocurrió tal como nos llegan las imágenes mentales. Hacemos versiones y estaspueden ser tergiversaciones. Cada vez que relatamos algo que nos pasó lo hacemos de maneradiferente, le agregamos o le quitamos. Los humanos tenemos la condición y la capacidad defabular con nuestra existencia. Si es imposible contar una historia enteramente veraz, no estámal regocijarnos con la posibilidad de que cada uno haga su propia adaptación de los hechos.

  15. Como Lo Hago Yo: Myelomeningocele

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazareff, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    Fortificación con ádico fólico es efectiva, pero aún falta conciencia en los jóvenes. La legalidad del aborto aumenta la importancia de la consulta prenatal. Realizo la cirugía bajo microcoscopio por razones didácticas. Irrigación continua para reducir la temperatura del tejido. Trato a la plaqueta como tejido viable. No suturo la plaqueta. No cierro músculo. ATB por una semana después de cirugía. Hidrocefalia: Válvula en todos los casos de ventriculomegalia. Médula anclada: Desanclar una sola vez. Chiari II: Revisar la válvula. Incluir en el seguimiento rendimiento escolar, puede indicar obstrucción de la válvula o médula anclada. PMID:24791217

  16. Luz, yo soy tu padre

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Martín, Rubén

    2013-01-01

    Se presenta un pack de autopromoción. Son un recurso común entre la comunidad creativa como forma de demostrar sus habilidades en diferentes formatos y buscar un contacto original y agradable con el receptor a la hora de considerar a un candidato para un puesto laboral o la concesión de un proyecto. Se abordan desde el diseño de packaging a la dirección de arte de vídeo, pasando por el diseño de publicaciones, la redacción creativa, la conceptualización, la creación de identidad visual, el di...

  17. «Para decir la palabra yo»: Una reflexión sobre la subjetividad en la obra de José Ángel Valente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Casanova, Manuel

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The so-called Question on the subject in José Ángel Valente’s Works is going to be analysed in this essay. This essay is been thought from the writer’s reject to the definition of subjectivity as a representation of the consciousness, as a permanent request opposed to an ever-changing Reality. From this point, we’ll be able to see how at the same time his texts pose this conflict and look for the solution. This analyse will start from the following three levels: the treatment given to the lyrical self, the relationship between man and Reality, and the reformulation of the concept of authorship. This will take us from the first manoeuvres of ironical desubjectivation —in debt with an anguished perception of the existence as with to the necessity of treating the subjectivity from the compromise with the collective— to the writer’s assumption of a mystical focussing on this question, a question in which Nothingness and Otherness will play a decisive role.En el presente ensayo analizaremos el alcance de la llamada cuestión del sujeto dentro de la obra de José Ángel Valente. Partiendo de una definición de la subjetividad en clave de trasunto de la consciencia, de instancia permanente enfrentada a una realidad en constante cambio, observaremos el rechazo que el escritor experimenta ante tal concepción, así como el modo en que sus textos plantean el conflicto y buscan una resolución al mismo. Nuestro análisis atenderá fundamentalmente a tres niveles: tratamiento que recibe el yo lírico en esta obra, relación que se establece en ella entre el hombre y la realidad, y reformulación del concepto de autoría; y nos llevará desde unas primeras maniobras de desubjetivización irónica (deudoras por igual de una percepción angustiosa de la existencia y de la necesidad de abordar lo subjetivo desde el compromiso con el colectivo hasta la adopción por parte del escritor de un enfoque místico de la cuestión en el que las figuras de

  18. Factores psicológicos y/o psiquiátricos presentes en pacientes desertores de protocolo de preparación para cirugía bariátrica

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Altamirano, Sheila Viridiana; Esquivias-Zavala, Héctor; Maldonado Rubí, Martha Catalina; Ruiz-Velasco Acosta, Silvia; Reséndiz Barragán, Aída Monserrat

    2016-01-01

    Resumen: INTRODUCCIÓN: La obesidad severa es la enfermedad crónica con mayor prevalencia en el mundo, afectando la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Aunque existe una variedad de tratamientos para ella, las tasas de abandono de los mismos se encuentran entre el 40-80%. OBJETIVO: Identificar los factores psicológicos y/o psiquiátricos que presentaron en la evaluación inicial los pacientes con obesidad severa que desertaron del protocolo de preparación para la cirugía bariátrica y establecer ...

  19. El apoyo psicosocial docente de primer ciclo de primaria costarricense para el trabajo con estudiantes cuyo padre y/o madre se encuentran privados de libertad (EPMPL), desde su trabajo en el aula regular

    OpenAIRE

    Sáenz Villalobos, Lucía

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo final de graduación pretendió establecer las bases objetivas, a partir de las cuales podría establecerse un programa integral de capacitación docente de educación primaria para el apoyo, desde la clase regular, de los menores cuyo padre y/o madre se encuentren privados de libertad (EPMPL), como medio de contención que aminore las repercusiones socio-emocionales que tal situación implica, considerando que dicha población se encuentra en riesgo social. Para ello, se realizó ...

  20. Keçi Sütünden Set-Tipi Yoğurt Üretiminde Ultrafiltrasyon (UF Tekniğinden Yararlanma Olanakları Üzerine Bir Araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metin Atamer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada ultrafiltrasyon (UF yöntemi ile keçi sütlerinin kurumadde içerikleri yaklaşık % 17 ve % 19'a yükseltilerek deneme örnekleri üretilmiş ve keçi sütü yoğurtlarının bazı kalite kriterleri incelenmiştir. Ayrıca karşılaştırma yapabilmek amacıyla daha önce gerçek­leştirilen bir araştırmada (Karademir, 2000 saptanan ulltrafiltre keçi sütü yoğurtlarının pıhtı stabilitesine ilişkin verileri (konsistens ve viskozite değerleri çalışma kapsamına alınmıştır. Yoğurt örneklerinin fiziksel, kimyasal ve duyusal değerlendirmeleri yapılmış ve bu niteliklerin 14 günlük depolama süresindeki değişimleri incelenmiştir. Sonuçta, A ve B örneklerinin özellikle konsistens ve viskozite değerleri arasında fark­lılık saptanmıştır (B örneği, A örneğine göre daha sıkı/kıvamlı yapıdadır. Ancak, panelistlerce, B örneğinin aşırı kıvamlı ve kremamsı bir yapıya sahip olduğu belirtilmiştir. Bu verilere dayanarak ultrafiltrasyon tekniği ile keçi sütünden yoğurt üretiminde optimum kurumadde oranının yaklaşık % 17 olduğunu ileri sürebiliriz.

  1. Geochemistry of travertine deposits in the Eastern Anatolia District: an example of the Karakoçan-Yoğunağaç (Elazığ) and Mazgirt-Dedebağ (Tunceli) travertines, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    KALENDER, LEYLA; OKAN, ÖZLEM ÖZTEKİN; İNCEÖZ, MURAT; ÇETİNDAĞ, BAHATTİN; YILDIRIM, VESİLE

    2015-01-01

    The Karakoçan-Yoğunağaç (Elazığ) and Mazgirt-Dedebağ (Tunceli) travertines, which are related to thermal springs, are situated on the right-lateral strike-slip Karakoçan Fault Zone (KFZ) and left-lateral strike-slip Pamuklu Fault Zone (PFZ) in eastern Anatolia. The surface area of the travertines varies from m2 to km2. Morphologically, the travertines are classified as ridge, banded, and terrace types due to deposition in different ways, in the releasing/restraining bends of the KFZ and PFZ a...

  2. Yo soy del Son a la Salsa”: La re-edición de nuevas expresiones interculturales caribeñas en el espacio cinematográfico

    OpenAIRE

    Maydi Estrada Bayona

    2014-01-01

    Yo soy del Son a la Salsa”: La re-edición de nuevasexpresiones interculturales caribeñas en el espacio cinematográfico,es un artículo reflexivo que forma parte dela investigación titulada: Claves Interculturales Caribeñasen la poética cinematográfica de Rigoberto López. El mismoconstituye un acercamiento al tratamiento del temade la diáspora cubana y caribeña en el contexto del Caribeafro-hispánico insular y en Nueva York. El estudio tomacomo antecedente el largometraje de ficción La Últimac...

  3. Efectividad del tratamiento conservador y/o toxina botulínica en la displasia de cadera en parálisis cerebral infantil espástica. Revisión sistemática

    OpenAIRE

    Busto Ruiz, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: Estudiar la efectividad del tratamiento conservador y/o toxina botulínica tipo A en la prevención o tratamiento de la displasia o dislocación de la cadera en PCI espástica. Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos de Pubmed, Web of Science (WOS), PEDro y Cochrane Library. Las palabras clave utilizadas fueron hip dysplasia, hip dislocation, hip subluxation, cerebral palsy, treatment, management, child. Se incluyeron todo tipo d...

  4. Indicación farmacéutica para el dolor lumbar en pacientes con diabetes y/o hipertensión arterial que acuden a la farmacia comunitaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López-Torres López J

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available El dolor lumbar constituye un motivo muy frecuente de consulta en la farmacia, por lo que la indicación farmacéutica debe estar basada en criterios científicos que contribuyan a resolverlo, sin que el control de las cifras de presión arterial o de glucemia pueda verse alterado en el caso de pacientes con hipertensión arterial o diabetes. Mediante una revisión sistemática de Guías de Práctica Clínica (GPC dirigidas al abordaje del dolor lumbar, así como de otras fuentes bibliográficas, se han elaborado recomendaciones sobre indicación farmacéutica a pacientes con diabetes y/o hipertensión arterial que acuden a la oficina de farmacia solicitando tratamiento farmacológico para dicho síntoma. Tras diseñar una estrategia de búsqueda, se realizó la selección de las fuentes bibliográficas y se llevó a cabo la recogida de información. La búsqueda bibliográfica se realizó en los siguientes recursos web de almacenamiento o búsqueda de GPC: Medline, GuíaSalud, National Guideline Clearinghouse, CMA Infobase, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, Australia’s Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal, Trip Database y National Health Service Evidence. Como fuentes complementarias, se consultó UpToDate, Base de Datos BOT plus 2.0 y un tratado de Farmacología Humana. Las recomendaciones específicas sobre tratamiento farmacológico fueron formuladas teniendo en cuenta su nivel de evidencia y se revisaron las posibles interacciones y/o contraindicaciones de los fármacos en los pacientes con hipertensión arterial y/o diabetes mellitus. Así mismo, se construyó un algoritmo de actuación, siguiendo las Buenas Prácticas en Farmacia Comunitaria en España elaboradas por el Consejo General de Colegios Oficiales de Farmacéuticos. Las recomendaciones se refieren al manejo del dolor lumbar inespecífico e incluyen por lo general, como tratamiento de primera línea por su mejor perfil riesgo/beneficio, el uso de paracetamol en el

  5. Sexualidades disidentes en la narrativa española reciente: políticas sexuales, cine y subversión en Mae West y yo (2011 de Eduardo Mendicutti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Facundo Saxe

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda la obra narrativa del español Eduardo Mendicutti y sus vínculos con la representación de la disidencia sexual en España en las últimas décadas. En particular, este trabajo focaliza en una de las últimas producciones en la narrativa del autor, Mae West y yo (2011. A partir del trabajo con una perspectiva queer en el texto mencionado, se abordan tópicos y dispositivos directamente relacionados con la disidencia sexual. En ese marco, la novela funciona como ejemplo del conjunto de textos del autor, los que funcionarían como una “historia cultural” de la sexualidad disidente en España en las últimas décadas.

  6. Tratamiento con inmunoterapia específica en niños con Rinitis Alérgica y/o Asma Bronquial. Área Norte. 2005 - 2007.

    OpenAIRE

    Matilde Iraida Morera Franco; Rigoberto Antonio García Chang; María Mercedes Gómez Paz

    2007-01-01

    Se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal durante el período Enero 2005_ Enero 2007 en el Policlínico Norte del municipio Sancti Spíritus. El universo estuvo constituido por el total de niños con edades de 2_15 años con enfermedades alérgicas, a los que se realizó pruebas de alergia e indicó tratamiento con inmunoterapia específica por vía subcutánea, la muestra estuvo formada por 75 pacientes con asma bronquial, rinitis alérgica y/o ambas enfermedades, con el objetivo de determinar ...

  7. Beta D Galaktosidaz Enzimi Kullanılarak Yapılan Yoğurtların Kalite Kriterleri Üzerine bir Araştırma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seval Kırdar

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada yoğurt üretiminde kullanılan β D Galaktosidaz enzim preparatının ürün kalite kriterleri üzerine olan etkileri incelen­miştir. 0.1, 0,2 ve 0,3 ml/lt  enzim ilave edilerek yaklaşık % 30, 50, 70 ve 90 laktoz hidrolizasyonu sağlanmıştır. Enzimin süte ilavesiyle ha­zırlanan yoğurtların pıhtılaşma süresi, depolama sürecinde l. ve 14.günlerde konsistens, titrasyon asitliği, asetaldehit ve tirozin değerleri sap­tanmış ve duyusal değerlendirmeleri yapılmıştır. Laktoz hidrotizasyonunun pıhtılaşma süreleri üzerine kısaltıcı etkisi önemli, titrasyon asitliği ve konsistens değerleri üzerine olan etki­si ise önemsiz bulunmuştur. Enzimle işlem görmüş örneklerin 1. günde asetaldehit ve tirozin değerlerinde artış meydana gelmiştir. Depolama sürecinde tirozin değerleri artarken, asetaldehit miktarları azalmıştır. Toplam duyusal değerlendirmelerde ise panelistler % 50 (A ve % 70 (B hidrolizasyon sağlanan örnekleri daha çok beğenmişlerdir.

  8. Antecedentes de empleo de medicamentos durante el embarazo en madres de pacientes con fisura de labio y/o paladar Drugs use backgrounds during pregnancy in mothers of patients presenting with lip and/or palate fissures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulenia Cruz Rivas

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Los defectos congénitos constituyen anomalías en la estructura, funcionamiento o metabolismo del organismo y sus causas pueden ser genéticas o ambientales. La fisura de labio y paladar constituye un defecto congénito aislado cuya etiología es de carácter multifactorial. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo identificar el comportamiento de las fisuras de labio y/o paladar en madres que ingirieron medicamentos durante el embarazo, para lo cual se analizaron todos los niños nacidos vivos, con el diagnóstico de fisura de labio y/o paladar en el período de tiempo comprendido entre los años 2000 y 2006 en la Ciudad de La Habana, de donde se obtuvo un universo de estudio de 112 pacientes. Se aplicó un formulario con el objetivo de obtener información relacionada con la toma de medicamentos por parte de las madres de los pacientes en el momento de la gestación. Los resultados demuestran que el 58,92 % de las madres ingirieron medicamentos, y que el trimestre de mayor consumo fue el tercero, con el 50,89 % del total de madres estudiadas. Los medicamentos más empleados fueron las vitaminas y los antianémicos.Congenital defects are anomalies in structure, functioning or metabolism of organism and its causes may be of genetic or environmental causes. Lip and palate fissure is an isolated congenital defect whose etiology is of multifactorial character. Aim of present study is to identify behavior of lip and/or palate fissures in mothers took drugs during pregnancy, thus analyzing all children live birth with a diagnosis of lip and/or palate during 2000 and 2006 in Havana City, from where it was possible to obtain a study universe of 112 patients. We applied a form to obtain information related to drugs by mothers of patients during pregnancy. Results show that 58, 92 % of mother took drugs, and that trimester of higher consumption was the third one, with 50,89 % of total of study mothers. More use drugs were vitamins and antianemic.

  9. Analysis of the perovskite structure LaxSr1-xCryMn1-yO3-δ with potential application as an anode for solid oxide fuel cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarado Flores, J.J.

    2017-07-01

    Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are complex devices that offer great advantages over conventional manner in which electrical energy is produced. Many of these advantages revolve around the environmental impact and particularly energy efficiency. However, progress in the field of these devices operating at high temperatures require the continuous search for new materials with advanced properties, optimization in manufacturing, cutting edge technologies for the processing of its main components (anode-electrolyte-cathode-seal) and low manufacturing costs. Here, the perovskite structure material LaxSr1-xCryMn1-yO3-δ (LSCM) is efficient, stable redox environments, has low manufacturing cost and is optimized for SOFC applications. Its properties compare favorably with the compound Ni/YSZ using hydrogen as a fuel; and when methane is used, it requires only 3% moisture to prevent carbon formation, which is much lower compared to when used Ni/YSZ (50% moisture). The LSCM material allows a SOFC cell operate at intermediate temperatures around 700°C. This article provides a brief review of the excellent properties and potential presented by this perovskite. (Author)

  10. Ab initio investigation of isomerism, structure and stability of complex molecules of salts of oxo- and thiohalide and dihydride borates and aluminates Li[X2MY] (M=B, Al; X=F, Cl, H; Y=O, S)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charkin, D.O.; MakKi, M.L.; Charkin, O.P.

    2000-01-01

    To obtain full summary molecular constants of mixed salts Li[X 2 MY] and to analyze tendencies of their changes during substitution of B for Al, F - for C and H, and O - for S and to trace the character of polarization and deformation of X 2 MY - anions in the field of Li + cation in the cases of their different coordination in the framework of correlated approximation method MP4/6-31(+)G**//MP2/6-31G* + ZPE(MP2/6-31G*) ab initio calculation of surfaces of potential energy of plane trigonal anions X 2 MY - (M=B, Al; X=F, Cl, H; Y=O, S) and their lithium salts are done. Equilibrium geometrical parameters of isomers, frequencies and relative IR intensities of normal vibrations, their relative energies and decomposition energies are determined. Structure where Li + cation is coordinated bidentately to chalcogen and one of the X atom is the most profitable one. Polarization and deformation of X 2 MY - anion in the field of Li + cation in the cases of different ways of their coordination, tendencies in changes of the calculated parameters during B substitution are analyzed [ru

  11. Nanocrystalline La1-xSrxCo1-yFe yO3 perovskites fabricated by the micro-emulsion route for high frequency response devices fabrications

    KAUST Repository

    Azhar Khan, Muhammad

    2014-09-01

    Nanocrystalline La1-xSrxCo1-yFe yO3 (x=0.00-0.60) perovskites were fabricated by a cheap economic route (i.e. micro-emulsion method) and characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). TGA analysis showed ~35% weight loss. The crystallite size determined by XRD and SEM ranged from 30 to 80 nm and ~30 to 50 nm, respectively. The dielectric behavior was evaluated in the range of 1.0×106 Hz to 3.0×10 9 Hz at 298 K, the dielectric parameters resulting appreciably enhanced by co-doping with Sr and Fe. The maximum dielectric parameters (ε′=103.35, ε″=58.92 and tan δ=0.57) were observed for La0.4Sr0.6Co0.4Fe0.6O 3 at 15×106 Hz. Results suggest the potential use of these nanocrystalline perovskites in GHz-operated microwave devices. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

  12. Tratamiento con inmunoterapia específica en niños con Rinitis Alérgica y/o Asma Bronquial. Área Norte. 2005 - 2007.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matilde Iraida Morera Franco

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal durante el período Enero 2005_ Enero 2007 en el Policlínico Norte del municipio Sancti Spíritus. El universo estuvo constituido por el total de niños con edades de 2_15 años con enfermedades alérgicas, a los que se realizó pruebas de alergia e indicó tratamiento con inmunoterapia específica por vía subcutánea, la muestra estuvo formada por 75 pacientes con asma bronquial, rinitis alérgica y/o ambas enfermedades, con el objetivo de determinar el comportamiento del tratamiento con inmunoterapia específica se aplicó el método porcentual para el análisis de resultados, donde el grupo etáreo que predominó fue de 2 _5 años, más del 65 % de los pacientes tratados refirieron mejoría de los síntomas las causas más frecuentes de abandono de tratamiento fue la aparición de infecciones intercurrentes, no ocurrió reacción anafiláctica en ninguno de los casos estudiados, el tratamiento con inmunoterapia puede reducir el uso de otros tratamientos asociados como Intal, antihistamínicos, broncodilatadores y esteroides.

  13. EL ESPECTÁCULO DE LA INTIMIDAD. RAÍCES HISTÓRICAS DE LA COMUNICACIÓN CENTRADA EN EL YO. THE PRIVACY SHOW: HISTORICAL ROOTS OF COMMUNICATION FOCUSED ON THE EGO.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín Carbajo Núñez.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación que gira en torno a la sociedad de la información hoy, las fuertes tensiones a las que está sometida, al tradicional consenso social sobre la modestia y el pudor. La comunicación se centra en el yo íntimo, en los sentimientos, mientras se hace cada vez más frecuente la exhibición descarada de la propia interioridad y una curiosidad morbosa, libre de culpa y castigo. Los medios de comunicación social [=MCS] explotan sin reparos el filón de la intimidad, pisoteando con frecuencia el derecho a la privacidad. Los programas de telerrealidad (reality shows figuran entre los preferidos por la audiencia.This article presents the results of a research that revolves around the Information Society today, the strong tensions to which it is subject, the traditional social consensus on modesty and decency. Communication focuses on the intimate ego and feelings, while it is much more often the blatant exhibition of the own interiority and a morbid curiosity, free of guilt and punishment. The social media [SM] exploit without objection, the gold mine of privacy, often trampling on the right of privacy. Reality T.V. programs (reality shows are among the preferred by the audience.

  14. «Lo exótico es el otro, o soy yo»1. Espacio y tiempo en el relato de viaje: Condesa de Merlin y Luisa Valenzuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Regazzoni

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La literatura y el viaje, como todo el mundo reconoce, nacen juntos como experiencia y mirada hacia el otro. La temática del viaje, entonces, es una de las características de la literatura en general y más en la literatura hispanoamericana que considera precisamente el Diario de viaje de Cristóbal Colón como uno de sus textos fundadores asimismo como las Crónicas de Indias. Se trata de un género fronterizo que levanta un conjunto de cuestionamientos y cuyo hibridismo, como escribe Biagio D’Angelo (2009: 11, 14 «amplía las fronteras imaginadas de la ficción literaria. [...] El viaje desconcierta, desestabiliza y hace temblar la identidad de cada sujeto. Nos mudamos en nosotros mismos a través de otro(s». En esta ocasión se propone el estudio de La Habana (1844, un libro de viaje, escrito por la Condesa de Merlin (La Habana, 1789 – París, 1853 y la reescritura de un cuento de hadas «Si esto es la vida, yo soy Caperucita Roja» de Luisa Valenzuela (Buenos Aires, 1938, que pertenece a la colección «Cuentos de hades», publicada en Simetrías (1993. Al estudiar las características de este género, muy distinto en los dos siglos considerados, se observa la importancia del tiempo como elemento que acompaña la perspectiva sentimental y existencial que caracteriza el punto de vista de ambas autoras.

  15. Influencia del secado lento a baja temperatura en el contenido carotenoide de dos variedades de pimiento (Capsicum annuum L.. Balance biosintético y/o degradativo en función de las condiciones de procesado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minguez-Mosquera, M. I.

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available A study of drying process at low temperature of two varieties of pepper for paprika (Capsicum annuum L. cv Jaranda and Jariza according to the traditional techniques of La Vera region is carried out controlling simultaneously the characteristics of the fruits before and after of the dehydration process and the conditions used. Correspondences have been found between the initial moisture of the fruits, the drying parameters (temperature and time, and the increase and/or loss (including its corresponding quantity in carotenoid pigment content. The favorable conditions to produce a pigment content increase, that indicates the existence of a biosynthetic process, are those including a healthy raw material with high moisture values and temperature of dried moderate - low (50 ºC without extending unnecessarily the dehydration time (just to obtain the adequate texture for the grinding.Se realiza un estudio del proceso de secado de dos variedades de pimiento pimentonero (Capsicum annuum L. cv Jaranda y cv Jariza efectuado a baja temperatura según las técnicas tradicionales de la comarca de La Vera. El control de las características de los frutos antes y después del procesado y de las condiciones de deshidratación en seis procesos de secado han permitido establecer una correspondencia entre la humedad inicial de los frutos, los parámetros de secado (temperatura y tiempo, y la ganancia y/o pérdida (y su correspondiente cuantía en el contenido inicial de pigmentos carotenoides. Las condiciones favorables a una ganancia en pigmentos (que indica la existencia de un proceso biosintético son aquellas en las que se parte de frutos sanos, con altos valores de humedad, temperatura de secado moderada - baja (menor de 50 ºC y sin extender innecesariamente el tiempo de procesado (sólo hasta conseguir la textura adecuada para la molienda.

  16. Estrategias e inferencias en el yo posmoderno

    OpenAIRE

    Jolanda Ruiz

    2006-01-01

    Este artículo trata de la posmodernidad como estilo cultural que influye, desde todos los espacios sociales, en el individuo. Analizada como límite extremado de la modernidad, la posmodernidad se ha descrito como la base teórica de la revolución de las tecnologías que han modificado el mundo radicalmente en los últimos veinte años. La economía sigue ocupando un lugar fundamental en esta nueva sociedad, como en todas las anteriores. Pero, ahora el consumo se ha convertido en la variable más im...

  17. Estrategias e inferencias en el yo posmoderno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolanda Ruiz

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata de la posmodernidad como estilo cultural que influye, desde todos los espacios sociales, en el individuo. Analizada como límite extremado de la modernidad, la posmodernidad se ha descrito como la base teórica de la revolución de las tecnologías que han modificado el mundo radicalmente en los últimos veinte años. La economía sigue ocupando un lugar fundamental en esta nueva sociedad, como en todas las anteriores. Pero, ahora el consumo se ha convertido en la variable más importante, y condiciona la vida de los individuos afectando a su propia identidad.

  18. Como Lo Hago Yo: Lipomas Medulares

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portillo, Santiago

    2014-01-01

    Basados en la experiencia de 82 casos; en 5% se observaron anomalías pélvicas asociadas. En los menores de 3 años el motivo de consulta (85%) fue la tumoración. En los mayores de 3 años (42%) tenía problemas neurológicos. Solo el 24% preocupados por la tumoración. El objetivo de la cirugía es desanclar la médula y no remover la totalidad del lipoma. El lipoma de filum es el que es mas simple para operar. Aún cuando la escuela francesa propone operar solamente cuando hay síntomas favorezco cirugía preventiva. Favorezco una segunda cirugía si hay signos de anclaje postoperatorio, aún cuando observamos empeoramiento postoperatorio motor en 2.5% de los operados y urológico a largo plazo en 6% de los operados. PMID:24791218

  19. La organización de los inmigrantes como potenciador y/o inhibidor de la inserción en las sociedades de destino: el caso de los colombianos en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana González Gil

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available La migración colombiana hacia España ha tenido un crecimiento significativo en los años recientes, en razón de la convergencia de factores de distinto orden, entre los que suele destacarse el deterioro de las condiciones económicas y del ordenamiento social y político a partir de la agudización del conflicto armado. Este artículo parte de los rasgos del contexto que, de modo explícito o sutil, subyacen a la explicación de la movilidad de los colombianos y sitúa en el centro del análisis una pregunta por los procesos de instalación del colectivo colombiano en España, en el que cobran especial importancia las prácticas colectivas de los inmigrantes, como una de las dimensiones del proceso de instalación en la sociedad de llegada. Para este propósito, se consideran algunas premisas teóricas que orientan el examen de las iniciativas asociativas ensayadas por los inmigrantes y se plantea una aproximación preliminar a los procesos organizativos de los colombianos en España. Si bien estos procesos no tienen todavía un peso cuantitativo significativo, constituyen un eje importante en la reflexión migratoria, toda vez que pueden hacer parte de una estrategia encaminada a garantizar niveles adecuados de sobrevivencia, de estabilización socio-económica y/o de vínculo más estrecho con su entorno cultural y social, permitiéndoles al tiempo, mejorar sus condiciones de inserción en la sociedad española. El artículo deja abierto un desafío investigativo, relacionado con la necesidad de examinar las condiciones de los procesos organizativos, su evolución y su impacto, como una arista fundamental en el espectro de las múltiples dimensiones del proceso migratorio.

  20. Consolidación, construcción y modelación de un «yo», o la manera como el lenguaje modela una realidad (el caso de las cartas de relación de Hernán Cortés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Leonardo Espitia Ortiz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio haré un detallado análisis ‒a través de ejem - plos concretos‒ de la manera como conquistadores y cronistas mo - delaron su propio «yo», con el objeto último de convencer ‒a través de dicha modelación‒ a un receptor real y virtual de que sus propios comportamientos ante los hechos estaban más que justificados. Para ello, cada autor hizo un uso adecuado ‒dentro de un sistema gené - rico concreto‒ de una forma expresiva que correspondiera tanto a sus intereses, como a las exigencias del receptor. Es claro que en el sistema genérico del siglo XVI, dos de estas formas permitían ‒sin pérdida del decoro‒ la presencia de un «yo»: la carta de relación, y la relación de sucesos («memorial de guerra».

  1. «El inmortal» de Jorge Luis Borges: el yo, infinitos, absolutos y vocabularios finales Jorge Luis Borges's «The Immortal»: the Self, Infinites, Absolutes, and Final Vocabularies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Sagastume

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Una obra frecuentemente consultada por Jorge Luis Borges fue Matemáticas e imaginación, de E. Kasner y J. Newman, en la que se discute la teoría de los conjuntos (que es la rama de la matemática que estudia la relación entre conjuntos, propuesta por Georg Cantor (1845-1918, y mediante la cual se crea la aritmética transfinita (que va más allá de la finita y se establece un sistema epistémico para representar los diversos niveles del infinito. Así, Cantor le asigna a esas ininitudes la primera letra del alfabeto hebreo, el Aleph, seguido de un determinado número, dependiendo del nivel de infinitud (Aleph-cero, Aleph-uno, etc.. Borges, de esa manera, teje varias de sus narraciones en las que se trata el tema del ininito y del absoluto: un ejemplo de ello es la colección de relatos bajo el título El Aleph, que abre con el cuento «El inmortal» y cierra con el que le da el título a la colección. El presente ensayo tiene el propósito de estudiar «El inmortal» bajo la óptica cantoriana, para hablar de un absoluto en particular: el yo, y sugerir que no es posible establecer un vocabulario inal o una deinición deinitiva sobre el tema en cuestión. Tal imposibilidad, propone Borges, está dada en parte por la finitud lingüística, mientras que por otro lado la falibilidad de la memoria juega también un papel crucial en todo intento de deinición. Sin embargo, como buen ironista, el autor a través de «El inmortal» es capaz de proveer una redescripción del tema mediante un lenguaje transinito, sin pretender establecer un vocabulario inal sobre la materia, sino, al contrario, tratando de resolver ciertas paradojas a las vez que revela otras, promoviendo así el permanente diálogo entre las distintas disciplinas. Aunque el ensayo se enfoca en el análisis de «El inmortal», a fin de desarrollar el problema propuesto, también estudia otros relatos contenidos en El Aleph, y utiliza un acercamiento teórico que se enmarca en la

  2. DNA Structure and Supercoiling: Ribbons and a Yo-Yo Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Horn, J. David

    2011-01-01

    The double-helical structure of DNA is a pop cultural icon. Images of the DNA molecule appear in newspapers, popular journals, and advertisements. In addition to scientific instrument sales, the aura surrounding the central molecule of life has been used to sell everything from perfume to beverages and is the inspiration of items ranging from…

  3. Seçici Özellikteki Farklı Besiyerlerinin bazı Mayaların Meyveli Yoğurttan Geri Kazanımları Amacı ile Karşılaştırılmaları (İngilizce)

    OpenAIRE

    Şule Şenses Ergül; Z. Yeşim Özbaş

    2015-01-01

    Bu çalışmada, yapay olarak aşılanan meyveli yoğurt örneklerinden bazı mayaların izolasyonu için kullanılabilecek farklı besiyerleri karşılaştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla, kontrol besiyeri olarak malt extract agar ve beş farklı seçici besiyeri kullanılmıştır. Bu besiyerleri; malt extract yeast extract %50 fructose glucose agar, malt extract yeast extract %40 sucrose agar, malt extract yeast extract glucose %0.8 peptone agar, malt extract yeast extract glucose %0.1 peptone agar and potato dextrose %50...

  4. Evaluation method of offensive odor. Shuki no hyoka hoho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwasaki, Y [The Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental Protection, Tokyo (Japan)

    1991-06-01

    As the evaluation method of offensive odor, two kinds of methods were outlined, a concentration measurement method for compounds emitting offensive odors and a sensory method by human olfactory organ. On the former, the method for measuring separately odors of twelve compounds controlled by the regulation act such as ammonia and hydrogen sulfide was outlined as well as the method for measuring odors of compound groups such as total reduced sulfur and total hydrocarbon. On the later, the evaluation scale of essential properties of odor such as quality, intensity, acceptability and pervasiveness was discussed. As typical sensory techniques, a scentometer, syringe method, odorless chamber method and olfactometer were outlined, and a triangle odor bag method widely used for the evaluation at present was described in detail which was developed to reduce demerits of a syringe method such as adsorption of odorants on a syringe surface. 24 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Evaluation technology of clothing comfortableness; Ifuku tekigosei hyoka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niwaya, H.

    1999-10-26

    Modern apparel industries are required to supply many kinds of products corresponding to various needs of consumers. Among consumers' needs, comfortableness to wear such as size-fitness is primarily important. To facilitate apparel industries, it is expected to develop a new technology of pattern designing of comfortable garment and measuring garment pressure distribution. Our research is aimed at developing technology that uses computer simulation to predict and evaluate wear comfort, including size suitability, without the need to actually sew up a garment. First, we developed a basic system to predict wearing silhouette, garment pressure, and ease looseness of the garment. Using this system, we carried on the following study. The 3-dimensional distributions of the garment pressure and ease looseness were reversely mapped on the paper pattern in order to indicate the preferable modification. The system was extended for several poses, e.g. twist, bend. From various parameters, we examined the factors of garment pressure and ease looseness. In addition, we selected the parameters for the size-fit indicators and investigated size-fit evaluation indicators. (author)

  6. Fiscal 1997 achievement report. Research and development of comprehensive basic technology on marine resources; Kaiyo shigen sogo kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu sogo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The deep-sea manganese nodule mining system in this report collects efficiently and continuously a large quantity of manganese nodules in existence in the 5,000m-deep sea floor. The aim of the project is to develop and build an experimental system for a real mining machine and to perform a comprehensive marine test to find out if such a real machine is technologically and economically feasible. The system under this project is divided into four systems, which are a nodule mining system, nodule lifting system, nodule handling system, and a measurement control system. The nodule mining system travels on the sea bottom efficiently collecting manganese nodules and forwarding them into the nodule lifting system. Only a few systems of this kind have so far been developed, however, and therefore much endeavor needs to be exerted for the development of technologies involved. The nodule lifting system is divided into a pump lift unit, air lift unit, and a nodule lifting pipe. The pump lift unit and air lift unit elevate manganese nodules supplied from the nodule collecting unit to the sea surface. The nodule lifting pipe provides a passage for nodules to run through upward. (NEDO)

  7. Estrés laboral en profesores de enseñanza secundaria: examinando el papel de las conductas y/o actitudes problemáticas de los alumnos y la dificultad percibida en el manejo de conflictos. Occupational stress in secondary school teachers: examining the role of students’ disruptive behaviour and/or attitudes and the perceived difficulty in conflict management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María J. Santiago

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available

    En este trabajo se examina, en función de distintas variables sociodemográficas y ocupacionales (sexo, edad, experiencia profesional, ciclo de docencia, no sólo el papel de las conductas y/o actitudes problemáticas de los alumnos, sino también las dificultades percibidas por los profesores en el manejo de conflictos. Los resultados obtenidos, a partir de una muestra de 1.386 docentes de ESO, permiten concluir que ambos tipos de estresores diferencian válidamente en función de las variables sociodemográficas y ocupacionales. Concretamente, el estrés asociado a los problemas de comportamiento de los alumnos y a las dificultades del docente en el manejo de conflictos, incide en mayor medida en las profesoras, en los docentes de segundo ciclo y en aquellas etapas intermedias de la profesión. En definitiva, si estos hallazgos se ratifican en futuras investigaciones, se trataría de diseñar programas preventivos y/o de intervención que sean sensibles a estos factores de riesgo.

    Palabras clave: Estrés, profesores, conductas problema alumnos, manejo conflictos.

    This study examines not only the role of students’ disruptive behaviour and/or attitudes but also the difficulties perceived by teachers in managing conflicts as a function of the different sociodemographic and occupational variables (gender, age, professional experience, teaching cycle. The results obtained from a sample consisting in 1386 ESO teachers allow us to conclude that both types of stressors validly discriminate as a function of sociodemographic and occupational variables. Specifically, the stress associated to students’ disruptive behaviour and to the difficulties faced by teachers in managing conflict has a greater incidence on female teachers, on second cycle teachers and on intermediate stages in the profession. If these findings are corroborated by further research, it would be important to design prevention and/or intervention programmes that are

  8. Sağlıklı genç olgularda yüksek yoğunluklu intervalli aerobik egzersiz eğitimi ile submaksimal sürekli aerobik egzersiz eğitiminin solunum fonksiyonları, egzersiz kapasitesi, stres düzeyi ve benlik saygısı üzerine etkilerinin karşılaştırılması

    OpenAIRE

    Yalman, Ali

    2016-01-01

    Bu çalışma iki farklı aerobik egzersiz eğitiminin (yüksek yoğunluklu interval egzersiz ve sürekli submaksimal egzersiz) solunum fonksiyonları, egzersiz kapasitesi, benlik saygısı ve stres düzeyi üzerine etkilerinin karşılaştırılması amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırmaya yaş ortalaması 20,83±0,97 yıl olan, 36 sağlıklı katılımcı dahil edildi. Katılımcılar yüksek yoğunluklu interval egzersiz eğitimi (YYİE) grubu (n=19 %52,8) ve sürekli submaksimal egzersiz eğitimi grubu (SSE) (n=17 %47,2) olmak üzer...

  9. La representación apocalíptica de la violencia en la narrativa fílmica de Gabriel García Márquez: los guiones de El año de la peste y Edipo Alcalde, y los argumentos inéditos Dios y yo y Para Elisa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Rocco

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In Mario Vargas Llosa’s opinion, two of the most lasting obsessions of García Márquez’s literary world, were the theme of plague, and the one of violence, that together form a sort of “cataclysmic vision” of history, whose literary sources were Daniel Defoe’s, A journal of the plague year, and Sophocles’, Oedipus Rex. We mention in this article the presence of those themes in García Márquez’s filmic work, beginning with the screenplays of two films: El año de la peste and Edipo Alcalde, adaptations of the cited works of Defoe and Sophocles. Afterwards we present two unpublished film treatments, Para Elisa and Dios y yo. The first is about war in Colombia, and presents an explicit reference to the “Bogotazo” (9th of April of 1948, while the second presents the theme of Latin American dictator, that García Márquez later focused in his novel El otoño del patriarca.

  10. Seçici Özellikteki Farklı Besiyerlerinin bazı Mayaların Meyveli Yoğurttan Geri Kazanımları Amacı ile Karşılaştırılmaları (İngilizce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şule Şenses Ergül

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, yapay olarak aşılanan meyveli yoğurt örneklerinden bazı mayaların izolasyonu için kullanılabilecek farklı besiyerleri karşılaştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla, kontrol besiyeri olarak malt extract agar ve beş farklı seçici besiyeri kullanılmıştır. Bu besiyerleri; malt extract yeast extract %50 fructose glucose agar, malt extract yeast extract %40 sucrose agar, malt extract yeast extract glucose %0.8 peptone agar, malt extract yeast extract glucose %0.1 peptone agar and potato dextrose %50 sucrose glucose agar’dır. Maya suşları olarak; Zygosaccharomyces rouxii IFO 0487, Zygosaccharomyces bailii IFO 0488 ve Saccharomyces cerevisiae IFO 2359 kullanılmıştır. Uygun inkübasyon süreleri sonunda, besiyerlerinin geri kazanım özellikleri belirlenmiştir. Yapılan istatistiksel değerlendirmeler ve bazı öznel verilere göre, malt extract yeast extract %40 sucrose agar besiyerinin test edilen suşlar için daha iyi sonuç verdiği tespit edilmiştir.

  11. Comprehensive research cooperation in environmental technology in fiscal 1995; 1995 nendo kankyo gijutsu sogo kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Cooperative study was conducted on research subjects concerning water pollution preventive technologies in China and Thailand. In China, straw pulp mills were studied which were in the Institute of Light Industry Environmental Protection and the Environmental Engineering Course of Jinghua University. The following studies were jointly conducted: survey of the water quality pollution caused by waste water, investigational study on production technology and waste water treatment technology, extraction of technologies effective to preserve water quality, study/evaluation of economical efficiency of the said technologies, etc. In Thailand, cooperative research was conducted on automatic measuring technology for factory waste water in a model industrial estate of the Thai National Industrial Estate Corporation. Items for the study were a study on measuring technology for water quality environment, an investigation on the status of water quality environment in the model industrial estate, a study on automatic measuring technology for plant waste water, a study on how to use measuring data in the model industrial estate, etc. Every study enabled technical data accumulation at every research institute through field research exchanges. 24 refs., 91 figs., 45 tabs.

  12. Quiet STOL research aircraft development program. Teisoon STOL jikkenki kitai kaihatsu sogo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-01

    The airframe development program of the quiet STOL research aircraft (ASKA) promoted by National Aerospace Laboratory, Japan is reported in detail. ASKA was developed based on a C-1 medium-sized troop and freight transport aircraft for the Air Self-Defence Force, and four turbofan- jet engines were substituted for two previous engines. Its first flight was conducted successfully on Oct. 28, 1985 after 8 year development from 1977 to 1985. The ASKA was developed separately on its airframe, engine and flight, and this report includes every related matter to its airframe. The promotion system, budget and executive system are reported in the second chapter, and the design requirements, safety standard and basic design in the third chapter. Several related tests such as wind tunnel test and flight simulation test are reported in the 4th chapter, and the structure and equipment of ASKA are outlined in the final chapter. The appendix includes the line-up of and discussions in the technical committee, the list of newly developed functional parts, the list of design reports and the list of related tests. 50 refs., 8 figs., 23 tabs.

  13. Constraints and/or determinants of return to sexual activity in the puerperium Condicionantes y/o determinantes del retorno a la actividad sexual en el puerperio Condicionantes e/ou determinantes do retorno à atividade sexual no puerpério

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleci de Fátima Enderle

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to identify factors which constrain or determine the return to sexual activity in the puerperium. METHOD: exploratory and descriptive study undertaken in a university hospital in the South of Brazil. Fifteen women who had recently given birth, who received a consultation with the nurse in the period August - October 2011, took part in the study. Data was collected after the consultation had finished through semi-structured interviews, in which the women who had recently given birth were asked about the return to sexual activity and the feelings involved in this process. RESULTS: the principal determinant/constraint for return to sexual activity in the post-natal period was the fear of a new pregnancy. Fear of feeling pain, permission from the health professional, shame of their own bodies and changes in libido emerged as constraining and/or determinant factors in the thematic analysis. CONCLUSION: it is considered fundamental for the issue of contraception to be addressed with the woman/couple during the pre-natal consultation, so that there may be opportunities for reflection and dialog prior to the critical time itself. OBJETIVO: identificar factores que condicionan y/o determinan el retorno de las actividades sexuales en el puerperio. MÉTODO: estudio exploratorio y descriptivo desarrollado en un hospital universitario del Sur de Brasil. Hicieron parte del estudio 15 puérperas que realizaron la consulta de enfermería, en el período de agosto a octubre de 2011. La recolección de datos aconteció por entrevista semiestructurada, después del término de la consulta, preguntándoles sobre el retorno de la actividad sexual y las sensaciones involucradas en este proceso. RESULTADOS: el miedo de un nuevo embarazo fue el principal determinante/condicionante del retorno sexual en el posparto. En el análisis temático sobresalieron como factores condicionantes y/o determinantes, el miedo de sentir dolor, la liberación del profesional

  14. Job dissatisfaction and burnout in secondary school teachers: student’s disruptive behaviour and conflict management examined Insatisfacción laboral y burnout en profesores de secundaria: las conductas y/o actitudes problemáticas de los estudiantes y el manejo del conflicto a examen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José M. Otero-López

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Over the last few decades there has been an important consensus amongst both scholars and researchers as far as teacher occupational malaise is concerned on the leading role of both students’ disruptive behaviour and/or attitudes and teachers’ perception of the difficulty in managing conflicts. Few empirical attempts, however, have been aimed at elucidating what determinants -from either of the two fronts- have a greater prominence to this phenomenon. It is, therefore, the purpose of this study -using a sample of 1,386 teachers from Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria (Compulsory Secondary Education, to identify what students’ disruptive behaviour and/or attitudes as well as what sources of stress derived from conflict management best discriminate between teachers with different levels of job dissatisfaction and burnout. Results allow us to conclude that all variables validly discriminate as a function of dissatisfaction and burnout. Specifically, aspects such as dealing with the parents of disruptive students and students’ problematic behaviour (vandalism within the premises of the school, aggressions among students, verbal abuse and challenging behaviour against the teacher have an incidence on all three facets of burnout.


    Key words: Job dissatisfaction, burnout, secondary education teachers.

    En las últimas décadas existe un importante consenso, entre teóricos e investigadores, acerca del protagonismo, que tanto las conductas y/o actitudes problemáticas de los alumnos, como la percepción del docente, de la dificultad para manejar los conflictos, tienen en el malestar laboral de los profesores. No obstante, existen muy pocos esfuerzos empíricos encaminados a clarificar cuáles son los determinantes que, desde estos dos frentes, adquieren un mayor protagonismo en este fenómeno. Así, el propósito de esta investigación es, a partir de una muestra de 1.386 profesores de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria

  15. Study of the thermodynamic properties and defect structure of the binary system Fesub(1-y)O (Wuestite) in the range 0.0467<= y <=0.1103, between 600 deg C and 1050 deg C, using solid electrolyte galvanic cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barbero, J.A.

    1984-01-01

    A device, consisting of galvanic cells composed of solid electrolytes, was specially designed and constructed for this study. The most adequate cells for obtaining the thermodynamic data in a fast and accurate way was determined. This experimental set-up can also be used for indirect measurements in gases and liquids. Results of the measurements of the electromotive force versus temperature, performed for different samples, having an O/Fe ratio from 1.049 to 1.124 are given. From the experimental data, the following information was obtained: partial molar quantities corresponding to both Fe and O (enthalpy ΔH; entropy ΔS, and free energy ΔG). The oxide's phase boundaries between 600 and 1050 deg C were determined, showing the existence of a subphase within the range of stability of Fesub(1-y)O. The development of a theoretical model allowed to make a semiquantitative fit of the enthalpies of formation and to advance in the knowledge on the defect structure of this oxided system. According to certain theories, the wuestite, whose crystalline structure is of the NaCl type, with O in excess leads to the formation of magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ) of spinel structure, this being the main agent causing the corrosion processes in the primary and secondary circuits of the nuclear reactors. Owing to the fact that the wuestite is similar to other transition metal oxides, such as NiO; CoO and MnO, this model may be also applied to these oxides. (M.E.L.) [es

  16. Actividad biológica (farmacológica y/o etnomédica; y compuestos fitoquímicos aislados de algunas especies de los géneros: Persea, laurus, lindera, aniba, phoebe, nectandra, cassytha, cinnamon, licaria, ravensara, pleurothyrium, dehaasia, apollonias, y ne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Enrique Macías Villamizar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available  Resumen La familia Lauraceae esta compuesta por 52 géneros y por más 3000 especies; entre árboles o arbustos con ciertas características morfológicas como son: poseer hojas alternas, inflorescencia cimosas, estambres libres y fruto tipo baya o drupa. El uso de las Lauraceae en medicina folclórica se remite, entre otros, a tratamientos, carminativo, emenagogo y contra la artritis. Dentro de su actividad biológica y/o farmacológica se encuentran: actividad citotóxica, actividad contra el cáncer de mama, antiinflamatoria, antifúngico, antinociceptiva y antitumoral. Las referencias bibliográficas muestran la importancia de la familia Lauraceae en el área de la salud por las múltiples aplicaciones no sólo en contextos de la etnomedicina; sino también en el farmacológico; soportado en los diferentes bioensayos; es decir, su conocimiento se convierte en una alternativa con soporte científico para el desarrollo de nuevos productos farmacéuticos. (DUAZARY 2010, 130 - 151AbstractThe family Lauraceae is composed of 52 genera and over 3000 species are trees or shrubs with some morphological characteristics such as: having leaves alternate, cimosas inflorescence, free stamens, and berry or drupe fruit type. The use of the Lauraceae in folk medicine refers, among others, carminative, emanogogo and treating arthritis. Within its biological activity and / or pharmacological include cytotoxic activity, activity against breast cancer, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antinociceptive and antitumoral. The references show the importance of the family Lauraceae in the health field for many applications not only in the context of ethnomedicine, but also supported the drug in different bioassays, that is an alternative scientific support for the development of new pharmaceutical products.Keywords: Lauraceae; Phytochemistry; biological activity and / or pharmacology; ethnomedicine.

  17. YO R RECIO S IHOT . Abstract Barrenness, unfruitfulness and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    the society exhibits some kind of bias against women which leads to a kind of ... the basis for most of what looks like stereotypical images of women in most African societies. ... pointed out that Yoruba men do not encourage their wives to use .... home from school and notices traces of a female stranger and very soon comes ...

  18. Sudden Onset Abdominal Pain in A 42yo Male

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-16

    ANIMAL RESEARCH RELATED STUDIES WERE APPROVED AND PERFORMED IN STRICT ACCORDANCE WITH 32 CFR 219. AFMAN 40-401_1P, AND 59 MDWl 41-108. I HAVE READ ...tendemeu EKG / labs EKG : Incomplete: RBBB. no pnor for compartt.on Wll"• Blood C•lli:WNL H•mo&1obn: 17.) Upue:218 l\\STIALT: H/91 Glucoso: 106 UA

  19. Que Culpa Tengo Yo? Performing Identity and College Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Ana M. Martinez

    1999-01-01

    Discusses ways that college faculty educate for an enriched public conversation, examining how a bicultural identity can decenter normatives, suggesting alternative models for understanding and thinking, and arguing that faculty whose intelligence has been formed by the experiences of concomitant cultural exile and naturalization are experts in…

  20. Mixed materials for concrete. Concrete yo konwazai ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kono, K [Tokushima Univ., Tokushima (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1994-07-05

    The materials except cement, water and aggregate added into the cement paste, mortar or concrete before the execution of smashing are called mixed materials. The mixed materials are indispensable to the concrete for improving the quality of the fresh concrete as well as the hardened concrete; providing the characteristics suitable for the operation; and increasing the economy. In this paper, the main mixed materials including fly ash, which is the by-product in coal thermoelectric power station; silica fume; micropowder of slag in blast furnace; expansive materials and so on are described summarily. Especially, silica fume is the by-product, which are the super micro-powders with the average size around 0.1 micrometer, collected by the dust-collector from the waste gas generated during the manufacture in the electric furnace of ferrosilicon, which is an alloy iron, or silicon metal used as the deacidificating and desulfurizing agents in the steel production. But the most part thereof is depended on the import since the domestic output is low. 38 refs., 19 figs., 6 tabs.

  1. Radiculoplexopathie, anticorps anti Yo et cancer ovarien sous ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les radiculo-plexopathies au cours des cancers sont le plus souvent d'origine métastatique. Leur origine dysimmune est rare. Nous rapportons un cas de radiculoplexopathie d'évolution favorable sous traitement immunomodulateur, survenue chez une patiente porteuse d'un carcinome ovarien bilatéral sous ...

  2. Doing Shakespeare: "Yo! A Hit! A Very Palpable Hit!"

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Peggy

    1993-01-01

    Describes the realities of current state of the teaching of William Shakespeare in U.S. schools. Compares these realities with the philosophy of teaching of the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, DC. Shows how the Folger Library's education program resonates with their proclaimed philosophy. (HB)

  3. ¡Hola! Yo soy Máximo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Checa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Comunicación y Género, acopia trabajos que vinculan a la mujer y la comunicación y sus esfuerzos por no ser consideradas inferiores. Del libro a la pantalla, acerca a algunas reflexiones sobre el proceso que lleva del libro a la pantalla por la polémica que despierta la adaptación de las novelas, puesto que muchos señalan que la trama se ve desfigurada. Se agregan varios temas sobre el cine. En "Días de Radio", se plantea el que a pesar de la censura y los problemas económicos que deben enfrentar, las radios populares de América Latina, siguen ganando espacios, de su desarrollo depende una mayor profundización de la democracia. Tema de debate es Estrategias comunicativas en Chiapas y Haití. Se añaden dos entrevistas a un caricaturista brasileño y a un corresponsal de guerra muy prestigiado.

  4. A AUTO-ESTIMA EM ADOLESCENTES COM E SEM FISSURAS DE LÁBIO E/OU DE PALATO LA AUTOESTIMA DE ADOLESCENTES CON Y SIN FISURA DE LÁBIO Y/O PALADAR THE SELF-ESTEEM OF ADOLESCENTS WITH AND WITHOUT A CLEFT LIP AND/OR PALATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise de Andrade

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available O auto-conceito é um determinante importante da auto-estima, entre homens e mulheres, isto nos fez refletir sobre o processo de reabilitação das pessoas portadoras de malformação. Utilizamos para mensurar o nível de auto-estima a escala de Janis e Field. Entrevistou-se 608 adolescentes sendo 235 com e 373 sem fissuras de lábio e/ou de palato, entre idades de 17 a 20 anos e de ambos o sexos. Analisando os níveis de auto-estima concluímos que o grupo de adolescentes com fissuras se comporta de forma diferente do grupo sem fissura, ou seja, os portadores de fissuras exibem menores escores de auto-estima.La autoimagem es un determinante importante de la autoestima, entre hombres y mujeres, esto nos hace reflexionar sobre el proceso de rehabilitación de las personas portadoras de malformación. Utilizamos para medir el nivel de autoestima la escala de Janis e Field. Se entrevistaron 608 adolescentes de ambos sexos, con edades oscilantes entre 17 y 20 años y de ambos sexos, siendo 235 con fisura de labio y/o paladar y 373 sin esta situación. Analizando los niveles de autoestima concluimos que el grupo de adolescentes con fisuras se comporta de forma diferente al grupo sin fisuras, o sea, los portadores de fisuras exhiben menores escores de autoestima.Self-image is an important determinant of self-esteem among men and women, which makes us reflect about the process of rehabilitation of people with facial malformations. In order to measure self-esteem, the Janis and Field Scale was used. The sample consisted of 608 adolescents aged 17 to 20 years including males and females. Two hundred and thirty-five had a cleft lip and/or palate and 373 did not. The analysis of the self-esteem levels obtained enabled to conclude that the adolescents with a cleft lip and/or palate behave differently from those without it, that is, they present lower self-esteem scores.

  5. Revascularización pulpar mediante la utilización de plasma rico en plaquetas autólogo o en combinación con una matriz colágena, como posibilidades terapéuticas para dientes con ápice abierto, pulpa necrótica y/o patología periapical.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Alejandra Camargo Guevara

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: describir el uso del plasma rico en plaquetas autólogo o en combinación con una matriz colágena como posibilidades terapéuticas de revascularización en dientes con ápices abiertos, pulpa necrótica y/o lesión periapical. Métodos: se realizó una búsqueda temática de la literatura entre los años 2007 y 2013, por medios electrónicos, bases de datos, revistas y journals con alto impacto en endodoncia. Resultados: la endodoncia regenerativa es un procedimiento biológico diseñado para reemplazar estructuras lesionadas, enfermas o ausentes del complejo pulpo-dentinal. Hay tres factores que guían y permiten la regeneración tisular: células madre mesenquimales (MSC, que pueden diferenciarse y apoyar la continuación en el desarrollo radicular, factores de crecimiento (GF, para la inducción de la proliferación celular y la diferenciación, y un andamio adecuado que brinde soporte y promueva la migración, crecimiento y la diferenciación celular. El colágeno y el plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP han sido reportados como andamios de elección en la regeneración endodóntica, se dice que estimulan la formación de tejido, la organización y la adherencia celular, mejorando el tiempo de tratamiento y de evolución. Conclusiones: en los procedimientos de revascularización, elegir un andamio o soporte tridimensional como el colágeno tipo I o PRP sumado a la inducción de los tejidos periapicales, aumenta las posibilidades de éxito en el tratamiento de regeneraciónendodóntica gracias a las propiedades que brindan y a la interacción molecular.

  6. Evaluación de un programa de educación económica, «yo y la economía», en escolares chilenos de educación general básica (Evaluation of a program for economic education, me and the economy in chilean school children of general education basic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianela Del Carmen Denegri Coria

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El propósito del presente estudio es evaluar el resultado del programa de educación económica Yo y la Economía, en escolares de 6° año de Educación General Básica de Temuco, Chile. La muestra incluyó cursos de educación básica, quedando constituída por 211 escolares con 50.2% de varones. La estructura de nivel socioeconómico fue de 22% de nivel bajo, 35% medio-bajo, 30% medio-alto y 13% alto. Como instrumento se aplicó el Test de Alfabetización Económica para niños. La metodología fue pre-experimental, pre y post-test con grupo único, utilizándose un diseño de medidas repetidas. Los resultados indican aumento significativo en los niveles de alfabetización económica posterior al programa, observándose diferencias significativas según género y nivel socioeconómico, y efecto de interacción entre hombres y mujeres del nivel socioeconómico alto. Los hallazgos se discuten considerando los antecedentes teóricos y la implicancia educativa del trabajo. ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the result of the economic education program called Me and the Economy, in school children of 6º grade of Basic General Education in Temuco, Chile. The sample included groups and complete courses, being constituted by 211 school children with 50.2% of them were boys. The structure of socio-economic level was 22% low level, 35% middle-low level, 30% middle-high level and 13% upper level. As an instrument it was applied the Test of Economic Literacy for Children. The methodology was pre-experimental, pre and post-test with a single group, with a repeated measures design. The results show a significant increase in economic literacy levels of participants after the program. It was found significant differences between gender and socio-economic level, and a significant interactive effect between boys and girls of upper socio-economic level. The results are discussed considering the theoretical antecedents of the present

  7. Coping with the abstract and complex nature of genetics in biology education : The yo-yo learning and teaching strategy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knippels, M.C.P.J.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis describes a research project that was carried out at the Centre for Science and Mathematics Education at Utrecht University between 1998 and 2002. The study addresses problems in learning and teaching genetics in upper secondary biology education. The aim of the study is to develop a

  8. El Conocimiento Ocupacional y del Yo para los Grupos Especiales. Monografias sobre el Conocimiento Ocupacional y del Yo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyt, Kenneth B.

    This Spanish translation of ED 132 428 includes the three papers representing Office of Education attempts to face the need for improving delivery of career education to special portions of the population. New additions are brief sections on basic definitions and additional considerations of the significance of work. The first paper, on career…

  9. Asociación de labio y/o paladar hendido con variables de posición socioeconómica: un estudio de casos y controles Association of labial and/or palatine fissure with socioeconomic variables: a case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Escoffié-Ramírez

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: determinar la asociación entre variables indicadoras de posición socioeconómica y la presencia de labio y/o paladar hendido no sindrómico (L/PH. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio de casos y controles en el que se incluyeron 110 casos con L/PH pareados por edad y sexo con 220 controles, seleccionados de la clínica del Hospital Niño DIF de Hidalgo, México. A través de un cuestionario se recogió una serie de variables relacionadas con la posición socio-económica. Utilizando el análisis de componentes principales (correlación policórica se combinaron las variables relacionadas entre sí y se construyeron diversas variables indicadoras de posición socioeconómica; nivel socioeconómico (características de la vivienda, índice de bienestar (posesiones de bienes/ enseres del hogar, escolaridad de los padres (años de estudio, seguridad social (derechohabiencia, e indigenismo (hablar alguna lengua indígena por alguno de los padres. El análisis bivariado se realizó con regresión logística condicionada. RESULTADOS: el 90.9% de los pacientes presentó labio + paladar hendido al mismo tiempo, ya sea uni o bilateral. El tipo de defecto mas común fue el labio y paladar hendido izquierdo (33.6%. Resultaron asociadas a L/PH las variables: índice de bienestar (comparado con el peor quintil: 2do OR=0.46; p=0.030, 3er OR=0.39; p=0.015, 4to OR=0.30; p=0.002, 5to OR=0.27; p=0.001, nivel socioeconómico (comparado con el mejor tercil: 2do OR=0.46; p=0.004, 3er OR=0.18; pOBJECTIVES: to investigate the association between socioeconomic position and the presence of nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P. METHODS: a case-control study with 110 cases with CL/P matched by age and gender with 220 controls was carried out, the cases were selected from the "Hospital Niño DIF Hidalgo" of Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico. A structured questionnaire which contained socioeconomic variables was used to recollect data. Applying the principal component

  10. USUARIO/A Nombre de usuario/a admin Contraseña •••••••• No cerrar sesión Iniciar sesión CONTENIDO DE LA REVISTA Buscar Buscar Examinar Por número Por autor/a Por título Otras revistas OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEMS Ayuda de la revista INFORMACIÓN Para los lectores/as Para los autores/as Para los bibliotecarios/as TAMAÑO DE FUENTE Make font size smallerMake font size defaultMake font size larger INICIO ACERCA DE INICIAR SESIÓN REGISTRARSE BUSCAR ACTUAL ARCHIVOS Inicio > Vol. 7, núm. 12 (2014 >\tBayona “YO SOY DEL SON A LA SALSA”: LA RE-EDICIÓN DE NUEVAS EXPRESIONES INTERCULTURALES CARIBEÑAS EN EL ESPACIO CINEMATOGRÁFICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maydi Estrada Bayona

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available “Yo soy del Son a la Salsa” (I am From Son to Salsa: The reedition of new Caribbean intercultural expressions in the film space, is a reflective article which is part of the research entitled Caribbean Intercultural Keys in the film poetics of Rigoberto López. This article constitutes an approach to dealing with the subject of the Caribbean and Cuban Diaspora into the context of the insular Afro-Hispanic Caribbean and in New York. The study took as precedent the fiction feature film La Última Cena (1976 (The Last Supper, directed by Tomás Gutierrez Alea; and as the main work the documenttary Yo Soy del Son a la Salsa (1996 (I am From Son to Salsa of Rigoberto López, to value, by means of the contributions of film narrative, about the sociocultural impact on the emigrant individual in the spaces of welcome and origin. Both works are referents in the analysis of these social phenomena in connection with their evolution in time, uniqueness and diversity of expressions. It also visualizes the complexity of space relations tackled in their narratives and explains the links between them as reals works. It defines the intercultural and intertextual vision of the documentary Yo Soy del Son a la Sala. It defines the intercultural and intertextual vision of the documentary Yo Soy del Son a la Salsa within the esthetics of the Creolization of its creator. The music language is analized as symbolic expression of a Caribbean multicultural identity as seen from the music genres of Son and Salsa, likewise the film space as stimulant of traditions in the Caribbean.

  11. Interactions between wall rocks around magma and hot water. Magma shuhen no hekigan/nessui sogo sayo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujimoto, K.

    1992-12-01

    This paper describes interactions between wall rocks around magma and hot water. The paper discusses effects of hydrothermal environments on dynamic properties of rock minerals with respect to hydrolytic weakening (decrease in dynamic strength of a mineral under presence of water) and reaction enhanced deformation (deformation accelerated by chemical change occurring in a mineral itself). It also explains chemical reactivity of minerals under hydrothermal enviroments with respect to four types of chemical changes in minerals, factors governing mineral dissolution rates, and importance of equilibrium and non-equilibrium in main components in reactions between minerals and waters. These statements quote mainly results of indoor experiments. The paper indicates the following matters as problems to be discussed on interactions between wall rocks around intrusive rocks and hot waters: Deviation from chemical equilibrium in reactions between rocks and waters; change in permeability as a result of reactions between rocks and waters; and possibilities of hydrolytic weakening in rocks around intrusive rock bodies. 52 refs., 6 figs.

  12. Report on a comprehensive research study (home welfare apparatus system - lifestyle); Sogo chosa kenkyu (zaitaku fukushi kiki system - lifestyle) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted on evacuation of aged people at disaster, life maintenance, and welfare apparatus which is applicable to the future change of life style and its harmony with the living environment. In the study of care apparatus, reported were the apparatus operational interface using the indoor environmental control simulation system, safety on moving/transfer equipment, experiment on opening/closing power of sliding doors, study of electric-driven wheel chairs, study of the sitting pressure of various wheel chairs, etc. In relation to the living environment, the paper reported planning of houses introducing care apparatus, assessment of system kitchen, disaster prevention measures for aged/handicapped people, study on performance of the combined use in the living environment, assessment of drops in floor level in the living space, etc. Also reported were assessment on the living environmental control state of serious paralyzers of the limbs, study of a network to support care at home, etc. 48 refs., 117 figs., 29 tabs.

  13. Report on the comprehensive investigational research (at-home welfare apparatus system); Sogo chosa kenkyu (zaitaku fukushi kiki system) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted on the research and development of an at-home welfare apparatus system. In this study, a stay experiment was carried out on whether aged or handicapped people can easily live in welfare houses into which at-home welfare apparatus was integrated, using high-tech at-home nursing apparatus systems (welfare techno house: WTH) which were installed at seven places in Japan based on `the development of a system supporting independent excretion.` In addition, the following were conducted: experiments on at-home welfare apparatus in terms of the evaluation of performance/operability/safety, physical physiology reactions, nursing burden/estimate of independence, two-way communication, examination of housing environments, etc. In WTH Chofu, a test on evaluating welfare apparatus was conducted by people with limbs paralysis and healthy case workers. In WTH Sapporo, by a working group studying biological information, examinations were made on the situation of standing up of healthy adults, old people and people with paralysis of one side of the body from various types of chairs, beds, wheel chairs, portable toilets and sitting down on them. An examination was also made on harmony with psychological function and physically adaptable function by a working group studying at-home nursing apparatus. 75 figs., 15 tabs.

  14. Report on a comprehensive research study (home welfare apparatus system - interface); Sogo chosa kenkyu (zaitaku fukushi kiki system - interface) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In the light of the increasing role of welfare at home with the advance of the aging society, the paper conducted an investigational study on the R and D of the home welfare apparatus system - interface. In the study, making the most of the leading home care apparatus systems (welfare technohouses) installed at seven places in the country, the paper carried out a stay experiment on how the life is in the welfare house into which home welfare apparatus is integrated, and an experiment to assess biological data on aged people. Especially as to the support apparatus used for smooth life motions in houses such as movement, excretion and bathing, examined were the linkage with house bodies, care apparatus used, mutual interface with welfare apparatus, etc. By the experiments to assess these home welfare apparatus, an analytical study was conducted on the points to be improved in welfare apparatus and housing equipment, and at the same time on the course of the research/development. Concerning a system for the research study, a research promotion committee was established in Technology Research Association of Medical and Welfare Apparatus, the members of which are learned persons from the industrial circle, the government and universities. 111 figs., 36 tabs.

  15. Report on survey in fiscal 1999. Comprehensive survey on medical appliances; 1999 nendo iryo kiki sogo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The environment around medical treatment in Japan is changing greatly in recent years, because of aging of the population, increase in life habit diseases, and progress in medical science and technologies. In addition, the needs of people are on the trend of diversification. Furthermore, as a result of the information communication field gaining remarkable power, people can obtain information in various forms, and are acquiring chances of learning various kinds of knowledge about medical treatment. Thus, scenes to respond to demands of patients are increasing more than ever in medical activities. On the other hand, works and conversion in providing efficient medical services are sought because of pressures on medical finance. Therefore, the 'medical and welfare device development project' was launched in fiscal 1994, wherein NEDO has been promoting the research and development jointly with private business entities. In fiscal 1999, assignments in important technologies will be made clear taking the future into the sight on three themes in two fields of developing low invasive operation systems, and comprehensively developing artificial organ technologies. Themes to be developed newly in the future will be selected, and the contents of the research and development thereon and the ways it should be will be investigated, evaluated and discussed specifically. (NEDO)

  16. Microalgal biotechnologies for recycling of pollutants; Tayona sorui kino wo kiban to suru seibutsuken busshitsu junkangata sogo saishigenka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyamoto, K; Nasu, M; Hashimoto, C; Tanaka, K; Hirata, M [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Pharmaceutial Science; Fujita, M; Takagi, M [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Hirata, Y; Taya, M [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering Science; Yamanishi, H [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Medicine

    1997-02-01

    This paper describes the technology development by which biomass is produced by treatment of pollutants using microalgae, and is recycled. A bioreactor system has been developed, in which microalgal biomass can be obtained through the effective treatment of CO2 and NOx using microalgae having ability of increase under the severe condition with simultaneous flow of CO2 and NOx. A new method has been also developed for separating and recovering the microalgae. Materials, such as glucose, glycerol, acetic acid, and lactic acid, were produced from the obtained biomass through physico-chemical and biological treatments. These materials can be converted into ethanol and hydrogen. For this treatment and recycling system, functions as a part of natural material recycling were considered to be most significant. Development of an analysis and evaluation method of an impact of this system on the natural environment is also tried. 1 fig.

  17. USUARIO/A Nombre de usuario/a admin Contraseña •••••••• No cerrar sesión Iniciar sesión CONTENIDO DE LA REVISTA Buscar Buscar Examinar Por número Por autor/a Por título Otras revistas OPEN JOURNAL SYSTEMS Ayuda de la revista INFORMACIÓN Para los lectores/as Para los autores/as Para los bibliotecarios/as TAMAÑO DE FUENTE Make font size smallerMake font size defaultMake font size larger INICIO ACERCA DE INICIAR SESIÓN REGISTRARSE BUSCAR ACTUAL ARCHIVOS Inicio > Vol. 7, núm. 12 (2014) > Bayona “YO SOY DEL SON A LA SALSA”: LA RE-EDICIÓN DE NUEVAS EXPRESIONES INTERCULTURALES CARIBEÑAS EN EL ESPACIO CINEMATOGRÁFICO

    OpenAIRE

    Maydi Estrada Bayona

    2014-01-01

    Yo soy del Son a la Salsa” (I am From Son to Salsa): The reedition of new Caribbean intercultural expressions in the film space, is a reflective article which is part of the research entitled Caribbean Intercultural Keys in the film poetics of Rigoberto López. This article constitutes an approach to dealing with the subject of the Caribbean and Cuban Diaspora into the context of the insular Afro-Hispanic Caribbean and in New York. The study took as precedent the ficti...

  18. Evaluation for membrane components of water recycling system. Mizu saisei junkan system yoso no tokusei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanemura, T; Otsubo, K; Oguchi, M [National Aerospace Laboratory, Tokyo (Japan); Ashida, A; Hamano, N; Mitani, K [Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1992-04-01

    The configuration of water recycling systems with membrane filters was studied to purify waste water discharged from human beings, animals and plants which is a key subsystem for closed ecological life support systems (CELSS) essential to long-term manned space activity. The filter performance test apparatus with three kinds of filters such as pre-filter, reverse osmosis membrane filter and ultra membrane filter was fabricated to conduct long-term cycling high-concentration tests using artificial urine as original waste water. As a result, since every membrane filter offered their nominal performance incompletely in high-concentration tests, it was necessary to add an NaCl removing apparatus to the system as primary treated water should be used for vegetation. It was also required to test the membrane performance preliminarily because the performance such as membrane life was different between various waste waters. 7 refs., 32 figs., 9 tabs.

  19. Evaluation of PV modules integrated with roofing materials; Kenzai ittaigata taiyo denchi module no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morizane, M.; Yagiura, T.; Nakashima, S.; Yagi, H.; Murata, K.; Uchihashi, K.; Tsuda, S.; Nakano, S. [Sanyo Electric Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan); Ito, M.; Kurimoto, T.; Yamakawa, H.; Fujiwara, T. [Kubota Corp., Osaka (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    PV modules unified with building materials which are low in cost, easy to install and excellent in designing were developed and were evaluated in various tests. As to the basic structure of this module, seamless and unified construction with the back metal plate was adopted considering improvement in fire prevention and cost reduction. About the installation, module is easy to install by just fit connection with the frame, and easy to remove with no use of special tools. Concerning intensity and durability requested for this module, tests on reliability such as torsion strength and wind pressure resistance were conducted according to JIS standards, and it was confirmed that there were no problems. Also on the long-term durability, tests on long-term reliability were carried out by doubling test terms of the temperature/humidity cycle test, salt water resistance test, etc., and the reliability the same as that of the existing type was confirmed. In the verification test using a model house, no changes were seen in electrical characteristics and appearance, and waterproof was also favorable one and a half year after the installation. 4 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

  20. Geothermal reservoir assessment manual; 1984-1992 nendo chinetsu choryusou hyoka shuhou manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-02-01

    A geothermal reservoir assessment manual was prepared for the promotion of the development of geothermal power generation, based on the results of the 'geothermal reservoir assessment technique development project' implemented during the fiscal 1984-1992 period and on the results of surveys conducted in Japan and abroad. Of the geothermal systems generally classified into the steam dominant type and the hot water dominant type, encounters with the steam dominant type are but seldom reported. This manual therefore covers the hot water dominant type only. In addition to the explanation of the basic concept and the outline of geothermal reservoirs, the manual carries data necessary for reservoir assessment; geological and geophysical data analyses; geochemistry in reservoir assessment; data of underground logging and of fuming; conceptual models; simulators and models for reservoir simulation; natural-state simulation, history-matching simulation, and reservoir behavior predicting simulation; case history (modeling of a geothermal reservoir prior to exploitation), references, and so forth. (NEDO)

  1. Evaluation of environmental impact by LCA method. LCA shuho ni yoru kankyo fuka hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakamura, H.; Utsuno, F.; Yasui, I. (The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Institute of Industrial Science)

    1994-06-01

    This paper explains the concept, history, and analytic methods of life cycle assessment (LCA), showing its application to beer bottles and cement factories as specific examples. The LCA is a method to calculate substances and energies put into the whole process of production of a product from raw material mining to product wasting and environmental loads emitted therefrom. It also evaluates the result collectively and quantitatively. A first case of the research is reportedly the one performed at Coca-Cola Co., Ltd. in 1969. Full-scale researches have gone forward in European countries in the recent several years, and are progressing to international networks. The analytic methods can be divided largely into an accumulation method to analyze data in each process and add them up, and a method to use an industrial association table. The former method is the most generally used method currently in overseas countries if referred to the LCA. Because the LCA can cause the analytic result and evaluation to vary depending on the purpose, it is important to define the goal, and set the scope. The LCA must develop in the future although it has a number of problems. 10 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  2. Geothermal reservoir assessment manual; 1984-1992 nendo chinetsu choryusou hyoka shuhou manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-02-01

    A geothermal reservoir assessment manual was prepared for the promotion of the development of geothermal power generation, based on the results of the 'geothermal reservoir assessment technique development project' implemented during the fiscal 1984-1992 period and on the results of surveys conducted in Japan and abroad. Of the geothermal systems generally classified into the steam dominant type and the hot water dominant type, encounters with the steam dominant type are but seldom reported. This manual therefore covers the hot water dominant type only. In addition to the explanation of the basic concept and the outline of geothermal reservoirs, the manual carries data necessary for reservoir assessment; geological and geophysical data analyses; geochemistry in reservoir assessment; data of underground logging and of fuming; conceptual models; simulators and models for reservoir simulation; natural-state simulation, history-matching simulation, and reservoir behavior predicting simulation; case history (modeling of a geothermal reservoir prior to exploitation), references, and so forth. (NEDO)

  3. Test and evaluation on safety relating to biotechnology; Biotechnology ni kansuru anzensei no shiken to hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okada, M. [Bio-Oriented Technology Research Advancement Inst., Saitama (Japan)

    1996-09-05

    This paper describes the current status and how works are being carried out on safety tests and evaluation of gene recombinants in plants and microorganisms. In the field of plants, Flavr Savr tomato which has been improved in fully ripe fruit distribution and keeping quality was commercialized as the world`s first recombinant food in May 1994 by Calgene, Inc. of America. Other vegetables, such as soybean, corn, potato, and pumpkin have been completed of all items of safety evaluation, and are approaching the commercialization phase. The safety evaluation system for living organisms created by using recombinant DNA technologies has been established internationally with regard to its general framework and contents based on accumulated knowledeges and experiences as a result of utilization of over twenty years. Industrial utilization guidelines for recombinants in Japan have been established in correspondence with the OECD recommendation in 1986. Experiments to verify recombinants to be safe in environment, and cultivation of the recombinants for utilization are performed based on the experimental guidelines and utilization guidelines. 15 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  4. Method of evaluating the surface color of concrete; Concrete hyomenshoku hyoka shuho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kondo, Y; Kotani, K; Imadate, F; Ito, N; Watanabe, K [Kajima Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-12-20

    As a part of the evaluation of landscape of civil engineering structures, a method was studied for quantitative evaluation of surface color and color hue of the exposed concrete. The surface colors of concrete structures constructed at more than one sites were measured using a colorimeter and were statistically processed. The colorimeter can measure colors by irradiating the standard light onto the surface of the object and dividing the reflection light into ingredients, lightness L and color phase a and b in the CIELAB equal color space. The L/a/b measuring data were plotted which were obtained from 2010 measuring surfaces of 49 structures at 7 construction sites. As for the surface color of concrete, it was found that ingredient L measured by the colorimeter reacts on variations of color very sensitively and agrees well with the trend of evaluation by eyes. Namely, human being senses the difference of concrete color mainly from the difference in lightness and senses the difference as the color hue. Further, using the neural network, an evaluation method was established which was the same as the human sense. 1 ref., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Effect of water pollution on marine organisms; Sekiyu osen no kaiyo seibutsu eno eikyo hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogata, M. [Okayama Univ., Okayama (Japan); Fujisawa, K. [Okayama Prefectural Fisheries Experiment Station, Okayama (Japan)

    1997-10-10

    Toxicity of petroleum component to aquatic organisms appears as a result of its deposition onto living organisms followed by its migration into bodies of the organisms, and emergence of toxicity from the migrated component. Effect evaluation processes standing on this viewpoint may include the exposure monitoring or migration monitoring, in which the petroleum component migrated into marine organisms is analyzed and the state of the component concentrated in these organisms is measured, or effect monitoring, in which actions of the petroleum component in the organisms are investigated. The effects of petroleum on aquatic organisms would include the following occurrence: direct fatal toxicity acting on cells and membranes, quasi-fatal toxicity causing death indirectly through feeding actions and abnormal actions, direct coating of oil on surface of organisms, which prevents movability and feeding actions of the organisms and reduces hydrophilicity of plumes and hairs, pollution of living organisms due to migration of carcinogenic aromatic compounds into bodies of the living organisms, and change in species compositions and geographic distribution of living organisms due to change in physico-chemical environment. This paper explains cases of detection and identification of organic sulfur compounds, aromatic compounds, polycyclic aromatic compounds, paraffins, olefins and heavy metals in parametric compounds of petroleum. 20 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. Psychoacoustic parameters and its measuring system; Onshitsu hyoka wo hyokasuru tame no parameter to keisoku system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohashi, M.; Imaizumi, H.; Ono, T. [Ono Sokki Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    Human auditory sensation has both extremely excellent performance and general versatility as sound analyzer. At present, it is impossible to make equipment with the same functions as human being, and describe an auditory sensation function as acoustic sensor even by any physical analysis techniques. However, extraction of auditory sensation parameters is becoming possible by using psychoacoustics and binaural signal processing. This paper mainly explains the calculation method of sound quality evaluation parameters derived from psychoacoustic results based on a sound quality evaluation system under development by the authors. This system is based on binaural measurement by dummy head, and calculates psychoacoustic parameters such as loudness, sharpness, roughness, fluctuation strength and tonality through frequency analysis of the measured stereo signals. The system also calculates 2-D parameters such as sensory pleasantness and unbiased annoyance based on the above parameters. 12 refs., 4 figs.

  7. Exergetic evaluation on photovoltaic/thermal hybrid panel; Taiyoko netsu hybrid panel no exergy hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwaki, H; Morita, Y; Fujisawa, T; Tani, T [Science University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    The photovoltaic/thermal hybrid panel (PV/T) is an energy converter that was designed for the composite use of electricity and heat. In this paper, the validity of PV/T designed for trial was evaluated based on an exergetic theory. As the result of an experiment, the electric exergetic value of PV/T and PV is each 65.8 kWh/m{sup 2} and 58.6 kWh/m{sup 2}. The former is higher than the latter by 11.2%. The total exergetic value of PV/T is also 1.2 and 8.2 times as high as those of a PV and solar collector (SC), respectively. The calculation result of the optimum temperature operation showed that the exergetic value of PV/T is 3.1 times as high as the electric exergetic value. Therefore, the operation must be performed with the electric and thermal exergetic values set in a ratio of 3.1 to 1. In this paper, the operating mode is handled in which importance was more attached to the electric exergy than the thermal exergy. The flow rate of a heating medium on PV/T is not thus the flow control that maximizes the PV/T exergy. In the future, studies including these points will be promoted. 7 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  8. Assessment report on the development of functionally inclined material; Keisha kinosei zairyo no kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Concerning a project whose aim is to develop heat resistant engine members through the application of the concept of functionally inclined materials, deliberation and assessment are made of the meaning of its implementation, validity of the research program, research achievement, etc. The project deals with a specimen, diameter 150mm or more and thickness 5mm or more, built of a zirconia/stainless steel-based functionally inclined material, and its goal is to develop technologies for optimizing the baking process for the said specimen, baking system and related devices, assessment technique, tribological assessment technique, etc., and it is inferred that these targets are reasonable. As the result of this research, an energy-efficient (power consumption reduced to 1/3 to 1/5) practical rapid sintering system is constructed. Basic data are collected relative to the tribology of the functionally inclined material, and it is proved that it is feasible to use the material for engine members. The process technology, assessment technology, and devices developed under this project are the first in the world, and are highly evaluated. (NEDO)

  9. Study of test procedure to evaluate airbag deployment force; Airbag tenkairyoku no hyoka shuho no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamiji, K.; Fukuda, K.; Morita, K. [Honda Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    Discussions were given on airbags equipped in passenger cars as to methods of evaluating their deployment injuries. Airbag deployment injuries occur in occupants being out of position. In a driver`s seat, an injury may occur when an air bag deploys under a condition that a driver with relatively short body height gets closer to a steering wheel to maintain the driving posture. In a front passenger seat, if a child is not held in a restraint equipment, the child may be blown off into the vicinity of the airbag, whose deployment can cause an injury. According to the result of a test performed on a driver being out of position, the test method using a hybrid 3 dummy specified in the present ISO procedure may not necessarily be said to produce an evaluation on the worst case. In order to solve the problem, an ATD dummy which can measure bend in each rib independently would be used, or the hybrid 3 dummy must be measured in the worst set position. 4 refs., 8 figs.

  10. Environmental impact assessment caused by global warming. Chikyu ondanka no eikyoryo hyoka to sono taisaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oshima, K [Geological Survey of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)

    1991-09-01

    This paper describes the considerations on the influence of the global warming on the environment, and the discussions on the measures against the climatic changes. With respect to the environmental effects by the global warming, the considerations were given based on the studies on the effects of mainly the Quaternary climatic changes on the surface sea water temperatures, sea level and animal flocks. If the magnitude of the climatic changes anticipated to occur during the 21st century is lower than that have taken place in the past 10,000 years during which the agricultural production has developed to a full-scale, there would be no fear of drastically changing the ecology on earth. If the estimation of future climatic and environmental changes becomes possible, then four basic positions could be selected for establishing the contermeasure plans. That is, the first is the measures to correspond to birth-rebirth transmigration; the second is the measures to carbon dioxide disposition upon concluding that the cause for the global warming is the atmospheric increase of carbon dioxide concentration, measures for conservation and international cooperation; the third is to deal with the warming environments; and the fourth is the means to reconstruct the earth. While a number of countermeasures may be prepared, Which of them should be selected will be decided by the amount of effects. 15 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Evaluation technology of human behavior cognition; Ningen kodo ninchi hyoka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For human engineering and improvement of the living environment, the evaluation technology of human behavior cognition was studied. For the future reformation and creation of economic structure, the following are required: establishment of safe and affluent communities, further improvement of the safety and harmonious balance of people, lives and society, and R & D close to people and social needs. Introduction of Product Liability law and a fail-safe concept are examples of such efforts. However, since many accidents are found in the human society, the relation between human errors and human characteristics should be studied in detail. The cognitive science of human behavior is an objective evaluation technology from the viewpoint of human being, object, environment and society. Based on these social and technological background, the feasibility of the evaluation technology is studied, and the future trend and skeleton of this project are clarified. The domestic and foreign trends of technologies concerned are thus surveyed, and the important points, features, skeleton and ripple effect of the technology are summarized. 500 refs., 70 figs., 5 tabs.

  12. The use of Yo-Yo IR1 and Andersen testing for fitness and maximal heart rate assessments of 6-10 yr old school children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahler, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    ; grade 2, n=16) and six weeks apart by 9-10 year olds (grade 3, n=49). Grade (G) 0-2's also performed an incremental treadmill test (ITT). G2's had a better (pSD) vs 536±218 m) and Andersen test performance (10%; 1050±71 vs 955±56 m) than G0's. For G0-2's YYIR1C......-10 year old children. Additionally, submaximal YYIR1C testing can be used for frequent non-exhaustive fitness assessments....

  13. Between Stephen Lloyd and Esteban Yo-eed: Locating Jamaica Through Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faith Smith

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In their oft-cited manifesto, the Martinican Creolists exhort Caribbean people to forego their continuing allegiances to the “mythical shores” of various old worlds, and to affirm instead the “alluvial Creoleness” that binds (or that ought to bind them to each other, and to other communities across the globe with a similar plantation history: “Neither Europeans, nor Africans, nor Asians, we proclaim ourselves Creoles; “[the Creole language] is the initial means of communication of our deep self, or our collective unconscious, of our common genius, and it remains the river of our alluvial Creoleness.” Despite their qualifications – “Creoleness is an open specificity,” for example – they have been chided for simplifying the complicated socio-political histories of the region. Maryse Condé, for example, has noted that the opposition of colonizing French language and resisting Creole language ignores the extent to which plantation heterogeneity and negotiation rendered Creole a language of both “unity and compromise.” On what terms can alluvial relationships that can undercut imperial and diasporic ties be uncovered? What does the idea of a Creole unconscious solidify, restore, revivify, and for whom? In this essay, I am interested in a Jamaican-born novelist’s use of Cuba’s second war of independence in the 1890s to critique Jamaican complacency about British colonialism after the Second World War. Cuba, and a “Creole Latin” world more generally, allows him, on my reading, to proffer hispanophone and francophone plantation histories as a model for anglophone sensibilities in the region. The “Creole Latin” affirmation of nationalism, revolutionary struggle, and strong affective ties to the land and to personal relationships, are uncontaminated by the domineering spirit, legalistic prejudices, bureaucracy and commerce, and negotiated concessions that typify anglophone Protestant modes of life. Since the scene of these ideas in this case is the nineteenth century plantation, then we might ask if the social and political inequities are not reinforced, or whether the pleasures afforded by the romance make such considerations moot.

  14. La ANT tal como yo la imagino. Breve ensayo sobre el cosmos semafórico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Enrique Silva Rios

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Hace tres años llegué a Barcelona con una intención firme que pasados unos dos meses tuve que echar por tierra. Quería estudiar a la gente cruzando la calle en esta ciudad y luego comparar sus actos con los de la gente de mi ciudad de origen, Caracas. Mis evaluadores, apenas se enteraron de mi propósito, me desaconsejaron, ya que comparar requería de un tiempo que no tenía. Debía dedicarme sólo a una de las ciudades. Escogí Barcelona. Más tarde, en una segunda consulta, volvieron a desaconsejarme: en lugar de estudiar a la gente que cruza la calle, me recomendaban que tomara como punto de partida el semáforo; específicamente, el cambio de luz y si era posible la luz misma. Esta especie de atomización del interés, en lugar de amilanarme, redefinió y acicateó mi entusiasmo cogitativo, y con ese impulso emprendí la tarea de elaborar un diario de campo. Como no se podía hacer eso de una manera ingenua, tomé la decisión de asumir una mirada y luego una escritura sesgada por algunas de las nociones de la Teoría del Actor-Red tal como las plantea Bruno Latour. Su manera de ver el mundo, más que recibirla como un conjunto sistemático de conceptos, la he incorporado muy lentamente como un dispositivo de imaginación, es decir, como una serie de formas que promueven y facilitan la re-creación de los acontecimientos mundanos. En este ensayo hablo brevemente de parte de esa experiencia investigativa, centrándome en una idea que para mí no deja de ser fascinante: es posible componer un mundo común, un cosmos, partiendo de una entidad aparentemente discreta; en mi caso, el semáforo.

  15. Yo pongo, tu pones, todos ponen para ayudar a las familias de nuestra comunidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra García-Rueda

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: gestionar la creación y puesta en marcha de una red de apoyo intersectorial, cuyo fin es brindar soporte y contribuir a la solución de la problemática de las familias. Materiales y Métodos: estudio descriptivo, llevado a cabo en 42 familias, 15 líderes comunitarios y representantes de 8 instituciones y 11 trabajadores del centro de salud de un barrio de estratos 1 y 2 de la ciudad de Bucaramanga. Se aplicó un formato de valoración por dominios de la Asociación Norteamericana de Diagnósticos de Enfermería (NANDA para identificar la problemática de las familias. El procesamiento de los datos, se realizó en Excel mediante la obtención de frecuencias y promedios para su posterior análisis. Resultados: se logró la creación y puesta en marcha de la red de apoyo, conformada por ocho instituciones del sector, con la cual se abordaron problemáticas como: inasistencia a programas de promoción y prevención, drogadicción, violencia intrafamiliar, embarazos en adolescentes. Conclusiones: la articulación interinstitucional y la conformación de redes de apoyo logran mejores efectos a nivel económico, social, espiritual, físico y psicológico, contribuyendo a la salud familiar. Asimismo, contribuye al desarrollo personal, profesional, liderazgo y construcción del conocimiento, propios de enfermería familiar como eje de abordaje en la salud pública

  16. Un carnaval para el yo lésbico: Los cuentos de Gilda Salinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Madrigal

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Gilda Salinas rompe las unidades cuentísticas tradicionales al hacer de cada texto de Del destete al desempance. Cuentos lésbicos y un colado un episodio en la vida de una lesbiana que, con “voz propia”, narra sus peripecias nocturnas por la ciudad de México, de los años setenta a la actualidad. Al ubicar las acciones en sitios de diversión lésbica que no existen más, la voz, cual cronista, rescata un ámbito de la vida homosexual a la vez que fija bromas y códigos lingüísticos que por su origen oral hubieran corrido el riesgo de perderse con las generaciones que los animaron. Sus estrategias carnavalizan el tema lésbico a la vez que legitiman la validez de las búsquedas expresivas y de comportamiento del ser lesbiana en un tiempo y en un lugar. Su aportación en los planos del género literario y de la formación de constantes en la narrativa homosexual mexicana indudablemente enriquece los medios expresivos, la visibilidad, la diversidad, las vidas y las historias de la y las lesbianas.

  17. MEDIACIONES DEL YO Y MONSTRUOSIDAD: SOR JUANA O EL "FÉNIX" BARROCO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Solodkow

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo explora uno de los textos más importantes del barroco novohispano titulado "Respuesta a Sor Filotea" (1691 escrito por Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (16487-1695. El objetivo del artículo es analizar los modos de constitución de la subjetividad (criolla y femenina en la Nueva España y las transacciones discursivas y retóricas utilizadas a tal fin. El artículo también examina las relaciones entre poder, saber y deseo dentro de la ciudad letrada y los dispositivos discursivos de control y resistencia a dicho poder colonial y religioso. El análisis pone de manifiesto la existencia de una subjetividad heterogénea, fragmentaria y en perpetua negociación y tensión con los discursos sociales de la época.The following article explores one of the most important texts of New Spain s Baroque titled "Respuesta a Sor Filotea ", written by Sor Juan Inés de la Cruz. The main objective of the article is to analyze the ways in which female and Creole subjectivity are constructed in New Spain. At the same time, the article explores the discursive and rhetoric transactions involved in the construction of that subjectivity. The article also examines the relationships between power, knowledge and desire within the de colonial lettered city, and the discursive devices of control and resistance to colonial and religious power. The analysis of the text shows the existence of an heterogeneous and fragmentary subjectivity in constant negotiation and tension with the social discourses of that time.

  18. La (desconexión mujeres y naturaleza: Propuestas eco y/o ciber-feministas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Guerra Palmero

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este texto es reivindicar el papel de la creatividad teórica y política eco y ciber-feminista para ofrecer nuevos imaginarios sociales liberadores como el del cyborg, un nuevo icono. Esto último responde a la subversión epistemológica y metodológica de los ecofeminismos y los ciberfeminismos, opciones teórico-políticas que dislocan y desafían los estériles tópicos de los discursos misóginos. Tales estrategias subversivas son hoy lugar común de los estudios culturales feministas. La reflexión sobre la hibridación y la monstruosidad se incardina en las obras de diferentes autoras de referencia como Donna Haraway o Sadie Plant. La conclusión a la que llegamos es que la utopía de un mundo postgenérico, propuesto desde un ímpetu liberador ligado a las bio/ciber/tecnologías, no puede renegar de la ecología y de la cultura de la vida. Evaluamos, por lo tanto, el giro posthumanista desde criterios normativos igualitaristas y sostenibles.

  19. Development of catalyst for diesel engine; Diesel engine yo shokubai no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ueno, H; Furutani, T; Nagami, T [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan); Aono, N; Goshima, H; Kasahara, K [Cataler Industrial Co. Ltd., Shizuoka (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The new concept catalyst for diesel engine has been developed. When the exhaust temperature is low, SOF and HC are temporarily adsorbed by the adsorbent within the catalyst and are oxidized as the temperature rise. The process of this development have manifested as follows. (1) The coating material is important factor to govern the oxidation activity. (2) SOF is reduced by the coating material in low temperature less than 200degC. (3) The coating material, which has low SO2 adsorbing rate suppress the sulfate formation at high temperature. 2 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Thin type inverter for machine-room-less elevator; Machine roomless elevator yo usugata inverter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-10

    In the elevator industry, a machine-room-less elevator, which does not necessitate a machine room usually installed on the roof, has come into the spotlight in the domain of low and intermediate speed elevators. The lack of a machine room, however, will necessarily limit the space for the installation of the traction motor and control panel. Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., in order to properly cope with the situation, has developed in cooperation with Fujitec Co., Ltd., a very thin type inverter installable on an elevator hall floor. The inverter, based on Fuji Electric's high-performance vector control inverter FRENIC5000VG5, is as thin as 100mm, and is available in three series up to 11kW. For the embodiment of such a thin structure, a cooling structure of Fuji Electric's own is employed, and prudence is exercised as required at many locations so that maintainability will not be impaired throughout the very thin control panel design. (translated by NEDO)

  1. Investigacion y/o innovación. Un proyecto en y para el centro educativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dios, F.

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available Algunos de los cambios acaecidos en el campo de la epistemología de la investigación, nos obliga a revisar con un sentido más crítico mucho de lo que normalmente se investiga en la educación. La existencia de tener presente estos cambios nace de la comprobación de nuevos paradigmas en la educación; de los que la investigación tiene que ser más seriamente consciente.Una de las variables que puede incidir de forma más o menos directa es el grado de autonomía y desarrollo profesional de los profesores investigadores. Una investigación centrada en el puesto de trabajo ( Centro docente, centrada en un Proyecto, centrada en la práctica, centrada en los problemas prácticos de su clase y realizada en un concepto específico, como miembro de un colectivo (Departamento o Claustro y que una vez planteadas las necesidades específicas de la investigación, para que el profesorado participe en el diseño, en la realización y en la evaluación de la misma.Con este documento pretendemos exponer los momentos, las finalidades y las orientaciones llevadas a cabo en un proyecto de trabajo desde la investigación-acción.

  2. Ferroelectric materials for FeRAMs; FeRAM yo kyoyudentai zairyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyasaka, Y [NEC Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-10-01

    Studies to utilize bistable spontaneous polarization of ferroelectric materials for non-volatile memory have already been started in the 1950`s. Recently, a possibility was indicated on a high-speed non-volatile RAM (FeRAM) with memory cell configuration combined with switching transistors as in DRAMs. This situation has led to performing very active studies on ferroelectric materials and electrode materials used in ferroelectric film cell capacitors. This paper summarizes the above research and development circumstances, as well as their future problems. On the other hand of having shown excellent fatigue resistance in the SrBi2Ta209(SBT) system, improvement has progressed steadily on the Pb(ZR, Ti)03 (abbreviated to PZT) system, which retains the mainstream position as the ferroelectric material for FeRAMs. Aiming at realizing a high integration FeRAM in the future will require discussions on property changes due to use of lower temperature and micronization in film formation, further improvement in relation with degradation such as in imprint, and elucidation of the mechanism. 31 refs., 3 figs.

  3. UN TERRITORIO PARA CONQUISTAR Y/O SUBVERTIR: USO DE INTERNET POR LAS FARC-EP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela García Cardona

    2004-01-01

    confrontación de ideas en el ciberespacio, transformando la relación entre cultura, nuevas tecnologías y política. Este trabajo pretende hacer un sucinto recorrido por la historia de las nuevas tecnologías de la comunicación y la información, específicamente Internet, y reflexionar sobre las posibilidades que tienen los individuos y las organizaciones de subvertir los aparatos de poder, a través del uso y apropiación de dicha red. De manera específica, nos centraremos en el caso de las FARC-EP y en el uso que hacen de su página en la web.

  4. Un territorio para conquistar y/o subvertir: uso de internet por las FARC-EP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela García Cardona

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available La globalización de las comunicaciones conlleva nuevas dinámicas de participación ciudadana que permiten la confrontación de ideas en el ciberespacio, transformando la relación entre cultura, nuevas tecnologías y política. Este trabajo pretende hacer un sucinto recorrido por la historia de las nuevas tecnologías de la comunicación y la información, específicamente Internet, y reflexionar sobre las posibilidades que tienen los individuos y las organizaciones de subvertir los aparatos de poder, a través del uso y apropiación de dicha red. De manera específica, nos centraremos en el caso de las FARC-EP y en el uso que hacen de su página en la web.

  5. El economísta: predicador y/o científico

    OpenAIRE

    Villota Villota, Francisco

    1991-01-01

    La dualidad predicador/científico podría servir de pretexto para el análisis de otras dualidades como las de ideología/ciencia, normativo/positivo, ética/ciencia y otras más posibles que han ocupado y seguirán ocupando, la atención de, al menos, los filósofos y los profesores de política económica.

  6. Study on afterburner of aircraft engine. Koku engine yo afterburner no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kashiwagi, T [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries, Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1991-03-01

    This paper explains concepts of aircraft engine afterburner, and describes history of afterburner study, and describe the result of major research items. An afterburner is located down stream of a fan, compressor, burner, and turbine in a jet engine. Its basic principle is that fuel is injected into turbine exhaust and fan air flows from an fuel injector, ignited by a spark plug using oxygen remaining in the exhaust gas flow, burned and flame-held by a flame stabilizer. The combustion gas of high temperature (1,700 to 1,800 {degree}c) thus generated is jetted out from an exhaust nozzle to increase the thrust. The prototype afterburner is featured by adoption of a mixed type fuel injection system that provides wide stable combustion range, and flame stabilizer with a scoop aimed at improving the ignition performance and combustion efficiency. A confirmation test verified smooth ignition and wide air to fuel ratio for stabilized combustion. 4 refs., 16 figs.

  7. Advanced materials for aircraft engine applications. Koku engine yo zairyo no doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-05-01

    The thrust/weight ratio which is thrust per unit weight of engine is a parameter of aircraft engine performance. With a mean material density of 6.6g/cm[sup 3], some of the supersonic plane engines are 7.9 in thrust/weight ratio. Its attaining 20 is predicted by some reports. The turbine inlet temperature is a parameter of engine temperature heightening exceeds 1400[degree]C. Its attaining 2000[degree]C in the 21st century is also predicted by some reports. By dividing the aircraft engine materials into both improvement and innovation material systems, the present paper explained the characteristics and present status of materials, and how to put them in practical use. As an improvement material, titanium alloy, nickel base alloy and resinous composite materials were exhibited with examples of having improved the established material system in performance and cost. Used as a turbine vane member, the nickel base alloy contributes, as a unidirectional coagulation alloy, single crystal alloy and oxide dispersion exciting alloy, to the creep resistance strengthening at high temperatures against the fatigue due to thermal strain. It is also explained how to put TiAl and FRM to practical use. 8 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Inter, multidisciplina y/o hibridación en los estudios socioculturales del turismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castillo Nechar, Marcelino

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an analysis with regard to the form in which the sociocultural thing is constructed in the tourism, which have been his(her,your trends and the way of conceiving it. In addition, it approaches a reflection as for the situation of the sociocultural aspects in the modern society, who has to see with the globalization and the crisis and in which the classic budgets do not manage to explain the sociocultural question in those dimensions. However, the fundamental aspect constitutes it the methodological reflection for the construction of the new tourist knowledges of hybrid cut, with the managing of the disciplinary lendings and in the specialities

  9. Pueblos prendados de fantasmas: Cioran en España, yo en Rumanía

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Caballero, Jesús

    2014-01-01

    ¿Por qué la cercanía entre Cioran y Don Quijote? ¡Oh Bartleby, oh humanidad!, que diría Melville. ¡Oh, identidad!, añadimos. Ambos son personajes desdoblados. Cioran vivió en reclusión tras momentos de pasión exaltada. Desde su piso irradiaba no sólo libros, sino vidas hipotéticas, clones fantasmales de sí mismo que se acercaban a los antiguos y a los modernos; polemizaba con los personajes de ficción con saña y buscaba hacerlos sangrar; repasaba anécdotas de la literatura y reflexionaba sobr...

  10. Memoria autobiográfica, narrativa y concepciones del yo: Un estudio transcultural

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    L. de la Mata, Manuel; Santamaría, Andrés; Ruiz, Lucía

    2011-01-01

    While variations in autobiographical memory are related to cultural differences in self-construal, more research is needed beyond comparison between North-American and Asian cultures. Our study examines the relationship between self-construal and autobiographical memory in Mexican, Spanish...... and Danish college students, using Wang’s methodology and categories, and the narrative memory organization. Results confirmed expected cultural differences, with more indicators of independence in Danes, more of interdependence in Mexicans, and Spanish in between, but the pattern was not strong. Some...... cultural differences were also observed in the narrative organization of the memories. Results supported the view of cultured self-construals, while also suggesting the need to pay attention to the situated character of cultural differences....

  11. Development of multiplexing network for air conditioner systems; Eakon yo LAN system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsumoto, T; Nakazawa, Y; Nakase, M; Sato, Y [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Nomura, M; Okasato, Y; Sunaga, H [Calsonic Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Plural air flap actuators of the air conditioner system in a vehicle have been integrated into a single-type actuator using two newly developed technologies: super-low-cost multiplexing network technology and digital motor control technology with a 1-bit A/D converter. The number of harnesses and connectors and the handling load of the air conditioner control microcomputer are reduced, so that we succeeded in sharply reducing the cost of the air conditioner system. 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. A/T test system for production line; Seisan line yo A/T test system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-10

    This paper introduces an A/T test system for production line made by Meidensha, Inc. Rates and technology of mounting auto-transmissions (A/T) in recent automobiles are improving year after year. A/T production line testers were fabricated and supplied, including those for European countries. This system has the following features: the system employs low inertia AC motor, and is capable of performing tests in close conditions to actual cars; an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) inverter was employed to achieve control accuracy improvement and noise reduction; high-velocity transient measurement is possible by using a computer system based on the WindowsNT; a solenoid current slant control was employed to respond to electronically controlled A/T; and noise and vibration shift feeling instrumentation can also be used on option. Number of supply is four sets of front engine/front wheel drive (FF) car A/T testers for overseas countries, and two sets of FF A/T tests for use in Japan. (NEDO)

  13. Enfermedad tiroidea autoimnune en pacientes con bocio y/o hipotiroidismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Lastra

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available We studied the presence of antithyroid antibodies in subjects with slight to overt thyroid disfunction. Fifty nine subjects that showed goiter or TSH levels above 5.0 mU/L were included. The percentage of patients with positive anti Thyroid Peroxidase antibodies (anti TPO was 18.63%. From them, 90.9% exhibited goiter along with thyroid dysfunction, whereas only 9.1 % had goiter without thyroid disfunction. There was no patient without goiter that showed anti TPO levels above 100 mUl/ mL.We conclude that thyroid autoimmune disease is very prevalent among our patients, so it must be suspected in subjects with or without goiter, as well as in those with slight thyroid disfunction, because it could progress to overt hypothyroidism.

  14. Performance improvement of standard turbo-compressor; Han`yo turbo asshukuki no seino kaizen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hokari, T.; Hasegawa, K.; Ozaki, S.; Majima, K. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-05-01

    Abradable materials are soft and cause no contact damage to the impeller of the turbo-compressor. Using such materials for the inlet casing facing to the impeller allows very small clearances between the impeller and inlet casing, thus improving the compressor efficiency by 10% over conventional types. Changing the area of abradable material applied to the inlet casing identified the optimum area in which decrease of the compressor surge margin is minimized and efficiency is improved by 10%. As a result, turbo-compressors have the best performance when the abradable materials are applied from the impeller outlet to two-thirds of the forward location of the inlet casing. (author)

  15. El "yo" de la detective: Dolores Redondo y Carolina Solé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa M. Culver

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Las últimas narrativas policiacas españolas escritas por mujeres, tales como El guardián invisible (Redondo, 2013 y Ojos de hielo (Solé, 2013, se caracterizan por la fuerte presencia e incluso capital importancia de la subjetividad investigadora en la resolución del crimen. En este artículo se plantea, de un lado, el hecho de que esta subjetividad de la detective se configura a partir de su oposición al carácter cientificista de la realidad actual en la investigación policiaca —basada en el cotejo de muestras de ADN y dominada por la figura de los perfiladores— y se analiza, de otro, esta oposición como radical contradicción que da lugar a una narrativa policiaca “otra” en la que, frente a la tradición del género negro clásico, se privilegia la vida sobre la muerte.

  16. Cuando esas nuevas ramas crezcan yo también habré sanado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruysen Flores

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Ruysen Flores narra sobre cómo superó una enfermedad espiritual que lo aquejaba, siguiendo el ejemplo de las plantas que le había enseñado su maestro Pablo Amaringo. Así como las plantas al podarlas se renuevan, así su espíritu se sanó. Su inspiración es la mitología, la costumbre y las plantas. En su pintura hay un espíritu femenino acuático, cuyos hijos son los delfines. Ruysen pinta a los espíritus protectores que aparecen en los rituales de los chamanes y los espíritus de las plantas y los elementos. Utiliza figuras que vienen en perspectiva, también muy utilizadas por Pablo Amaringo, a las que llamaba “tingunas”. 

  17. Magnetic hard disks for audio-visual use; AV yo jiki disk baitai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tei, Y.; Sakaguchi, S.; Uwazumi, H. [Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-11-10

    Computers, consumer, and communications are converging and fusing. The key device in homes in the near future will be an audiovisual hard disk drive (AV-HDD). The reason is that there is no other AV cash memory with high capacity, high speed, and a low price than the HDD. Fuji Electric has early started developing an AV magnetic hard disk, a core-functional element of the AV-HDD, to take the initiative in the market. This paper describes the state of plastic medium development, which is regarded as a next-generation strategic commodity. (author)

  18. "So yo creo que es un proceso evolutivo": Language Ideologies among Puerto Ricans in Southeastern Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shenk, Elaine

    2017-01-01

    This article examines the perspectives of Puerto Ricans living in the United States in response to a publicity campaign that focuses on the correction of linguistic features that appear in some Puerto Ricans' spoken Spanish. The campaign addresses phonetic, morphological, lexical, and syntactic features, including a specific set of words or…

  19. World Energy Data System (WENDS). Volume IV. Country data, SG-YO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-06-01

    The World Energy Data System contains organized data on those countries and international organizations that may have critical impact on the world energy scene. Included in this volume, Vol. IV, are Senegal, South Africa, Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Upper Volta, Venezuela, and Yugoslavia. The following topics are covered for most of the countries: economic, demographic, and educational profiles; energy policy; indigenous energy resources and uses; forecasts, demand, exports, imports of energy supplies; environmental considerations of energy supplies; power production facilities; energy industries; commercial applications of energy; research and development activities of energy; and international activities.

  20. Scream, cultura popular y el feminismo de la tercera ola: "Yo no soy mi madre"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen Rowe Karlyn

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes Wes Craven’s horror trilogy Scream; the trilogy, like all popular texts, is riddled with contradictions about women’s representation that beg a careful analysis based on an informed understanding of media culture and representation, of history, and of the issues that matter to young women today. My reading of the film draws up the connections between Third Wave feminism and popular culture in order to show how these films provide a rich opportunity to study the contradictions and possibilities of feminism in a postmodern age. The purpose here is not to mount an unconditional defense of popular culture, but to argue that women who care about the next generation of girls need to learn more about the popular texts they're drawn to. If a productive conversation is going to happen among women of all ages about the future of the feminist movement, it will have to take place on the terrain of popular culture where young women today are refashioning feminism toward their own ends.

  1. THE PRACTICE OF ECT IN INDIA : ISSUES RELATING YO THE ADMINISTRATION OF ECT

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal, A.K.; Andrade, Chittaranjan; Reddy, M. Venkataswamy

    1992-01-01

    A questionnaire on ECT, tapping altitudes, opinions and usage, was mailed to all medical members of the Indian Psychiatric Society whose addresses were known; 263 (28.8%) responded. This paper, the first in a series that presents the results of the survey, provides demographic data on the respondents and covers issues relating to the administration of ECT. Specific issues discussed include the ECT personnel, location of the ECT facility, certain ECT prescription patterns, psychiatrist-patient...

  2. Isparta İlinde Radon Yoğunluk Ölçümleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suat ÖZKORUCUKLU

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Radon, kayaçlardaki ve topraktaki Uranyum–238 bozunmasıyla olusan radyoaktif bir asal gazdır. radon hakkındaki ilk çalısmalar 1956 yılında Isviçre'de baslamıs ve özellikle 1980 sonrasında yapılan arastırmalarla radon gazının çevresel radyasyon üzerindeki katkısı ve ortama yayılma mekanizması anlasılmıstır. Kayaçlardaki 238U bozunması sonucu üretilen radon gazı difüzyon yoluyla topraga, oradan da atmosfere veya ortama yayılmaktadır. Günlük hayatta sürekli maruz kaldıgımız radyasyonun %54'nün Radon izotoplarından, özellikle de 222Rn'den kaynaklandıgı bulunmustur. Türkiye'de, TAEK kritik radon yogunluk degerlerini meskenler için 400 Bq/m3, sanayi ve isyerleri için ise 1000 Bq/m3 olarak belirlemistir. Yüksek dozlarda maruz kalındıgında özellikle akciger kanseri riskini artırdıgı ileri sürülen radon, yogunlugu fazla olan yerlesme birimlerinde tehlike yaratmaktadır. Bu çalısmada, Isparta ili sınırları içinde belirlenen bazı kapalı mekanlarda AlphaGUARD radon detektörü kullanılarak radon yogunlukları ölçülmüs ve veriler irdelenmistir.

  3. Development of remote controlled blasting system for tunnels; Tunnel yo enkaku seigyo happa system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Kawamura, M.; Hirosaki, Y. [NOF Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-06-30

    A downsized wireless blasting system has been developed for tunnel construction in the mountainous districts. This system consists of an oscillator, loop antenna, and initiator. The ac magnetic field is generated in the loop antenna using 550 Hz ac generated by the oscillator, to induce the electro motive force between both ends of receiver coil in the initiator. It is stored in the capacitor after rectification, to initiate the detonator by discharging with the firing signal. This system has been developed by downsizing the conventional RCB (remote controlled blasting system) for underwater blasting, and unmanned operation is planned in future. An oscillation frequency, 550 Hz with an actual result has been adopted. The arm length of loop antenna is 3 m, which can be installed in the tunnel. Various receiver initiators were fabricated as a trial. A convex type was adopted due to its excellent receiving performance. The receiving performance was improved by increasing the magnetic induction and decreasing the power loss. After receiving voltage of the receiver initiator was confirmed, field initiation tests were conducted. Initiating and blasting were successfully carried out. 5 refs., 15 figs., 3 tabs.

  4. Las Heroinas en el Mundo Mio y Yo (Myself and Women Heroes in My World).

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Women's History Project, Windsor, CA.

    This book offers a series of lesson plans and resources for teaching young learners (K-3) about heroines in U.S. history. The book offers general guidelines for presentation of the materials as well as specific suggestions for individual lessons. Each lesson focuses on a particular historical figure and includes a biography, a lesson plan outline,…

  5. Effect of oxygen intercalation on properties of sputtered CuYO2 for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    WINTEC

    which has 30% transparency in the visible region. The. CuAlO2 thin films having a delafossite structure has shown a transparency of 80% in the visible and infrared ... The value of x i.e. the percentage of excess ... 1050°C for 70 h producing CuY0⋅98Ca0⋅02O2. ... films leads to poor crystallinity on annealing in presence.

  6. Study on development of adsorbent of acetaldehyde; Acetaldehyde yo kyuchakuzai no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noda, T. [Nippon Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Suzuki, M. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Institute of Industrial Science

    1997-07-10

    The adsorption of acetaldehyde by porous ceramics impregnated with hydrazinium aluminum sulfate (HAS) is studied. Silicagel, activated alumina, activated clay, and activated carbon are compared, and it is found that silicagel and activated clay are suitable as a substrate for HAS impregnated adsorbent. The adsorption mechanism of acetaldehyde by the adsorbent is believed to be one in which acetaldehyde reacts with hydrazinium and yields acetaldazine. The adsorption capacity of the adsorbent at low acetaldehyde concentration of 0.1 ppm was as large as 1.36 mol/kg. This adsorption capacity at 0.1 ppm acetaldehyde concentration is remarkably larger than that of conventional activated carbon. Hydrazinium decomposes easily in the air because it is a strong reducing agent and reacts with oxygen or carbon dioxide. But hydrazinium impregnated on porous ceramics with HAS becomes more stable and maintains reactivity with acetaldehyde for longer than six months. An adsorbent made of porous ceramics impregnated with HAS is useful as a deodorant for acetaldehyde. 8 refs., 6 figs., 6 tabs.

  7. La RT 26: ¿solución y/o problema?

    OpenAIRE

    Belga, Liliana; Bernatene, María; López Domaica, Jorge; Maestromey, Marcelina; Wilches, Susana E.

    2013-01-01

    La comparabilidad de los estados financieros es de mucha utilidad para los usuarios de la información contable. El objetivo de este trabajo es examinar el efecto que tiene la adopción de uno u otro juego de normas contables respecto al atributo de comparabilidad de la mencionada información. Hoy en día podemos encontrar empresas de similares características que no cotizando en la bolsa de valores, pueden optar preparar sus estados contables según los lineamientos de las Normas Contables emiti...

  8. Throw Yo' Voice Out: Disability as a Desirable Practice in Hip-Hop Vocal Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex S. Porco

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Disabled bodies and disabling spaces— especially the recording studio— shape the sound iconicity of hip-hop vocal performances. The disabled voice is the audible sign by which hip-hop artists trouble cultural definitions of the self and other; exceptionalism and failure; the natural and techno-mediated; comedy and tragedy; and aesthetic play and seriousness. Hip-hop vocal performances also function as self-conscious acts of transvaluation that challenge the discursive dominance of ableism. A materialist approach to vocal performance resists reducing voice to a silent metaphor for race, oppositionality, or liberation; and it emphasizes, instead, the physiological and social processes that render hip-hop voices unique, particular, and audible. It emphasizes the agency hip-hop artists possess in seeking out disabled bodies and assuming disabled identities for aesthetic and political ends. Thus, the body is returned to the analysis of style.

  9. Leading research in FY 1995. Research of product evaluation and advanced measurements - Part 1 (product evaluation); 1995 nendo sendo kenkyu. Seihin hyoka kodo keisoku bunseki gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu - 1 (seihin hyoka)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Product evaluation has been investigated from a viewpoint of compatibility with human life by considering human being as the subject of life. This report describes the investigation results. Product evaluation is defined as evaluating products on a consumer-oriented viewpoint and informing consumers of the evaluation results. According to a questionnaire survey with regard to daily living products, products in the low degree of satisfaction in their usage were electric tooth brush, video camera, electric rice jar, vacuum cleaner, and electric iron. Contents of dissatisfaction with these products were classified by aspect, i.e., human aspect regarding human body/recognition, life aspect regarding functions of products and how to use them, and sensitivity aspect such as appearance of products. Thus, points at issue were clarified. As regards the human aspect, incompatibility between the size/form of products and human body/posture, and recognition psychological incompatibility such as difficulty in understanding function or operation of products were pointed out. Establishment of a method for measuring and evaluating the human`s body functions and the compatibility with products, and necessity of the acquisition of human`s body characteristic data and the consolidation positions are also described. 4 refs., 42 figs., 30 tabs.

  10. Research and development of the industrial basic technologies of the next generation, 'composite materials (quality evaluation techniques)'. Evaluation of the first phase research and development; Jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 'fukugo zairyo (hinshitsu hyoka gijutsu)'. Zenki kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-30

    The results of the first phase research and development project for developing composite materials as the basic technologies of the next generation are evaluated, and the directions of the R and D evaluation for the second phase are set up. The efforts in the first-phase R and D project are aimed at development of methods for measuring carbon fiber surface structure elements; confirmation of the relationship between adhesive shear strength and active surface area; development of methods for determining fracture toughness by standard specimens; estimation of allowable void fraction for inter-layer shear strength; defect detection and quality evaluation by electromagnetic, ultrasonic, laser holography and AE methods; development of methods for detecting resin setting reactions during the molding processes; and understanding deteriorated mechanical characteristics of the resin-based composites by environmental factors, among others. The objectives of the first-phase project have been almost achieved. It is decided that the second-phase R and D project are directed to investigations on the relationship between surface properties of the fibers in the composites and fiber/matrix adhesion; researches on mechanical characteristics involved in fracture of the structural elements; evaluation of mechanical properties of the metal-based composites and investigations on detecting their defects; elucidation of the effects of environmental factors on their strength; and development of the techniques for integrating detection of molding-induced cracking and that of setting reactivity, among others. (NEDO)

  11. Local approach to brittle fracture under residual stress field. Assessment of pre-loading effect; Local approach no tekiyo ni yoru zanryu oryoku wo motsu buzai no zeisei hakai kyodo hyoka. Yokaju no eikyo no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamashita, Y.; Sakano, K.; Onozuka, M. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Minami, F. [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan)

    2000-01-01

    The effect of residual stresses on brittle fracture was investigated on the basis of the Local Approach. Compressive residual stress was introduced by pre-loading and the subsequent fracture test conducted with a 780 MPa class steel. Preloading apparently increased the critical load and critical CTOD at the onset of brittle fracture initiation. The Weibull stress criterion was used to evaluate the brittle fracture resistance of the pre-loaded specimen. The critical Weibull stress is a material property independent of test conditions with and without pre-loading. Using the Weibull stress criterion, the critical CTOD of the pre-loaded specimen can be predicted from test results of the specimen without pre-loading. (author)

  12. Research and development of evaluation system for photovoltaic power generation system. Research and development of evaluation systems for photovoltaic cells and modules; Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu. Taiyo denchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on R and D of the evaluation system for solar cells in fiscal 1994. (1) On development of the performance evaluation method for solar cells, data collection, analysis and measurement of atmospheric conditions necessary for outdoor measurement were carried out to improve the measurement accuracy of laminated solar cells. The validity of measurement methods was verified by comparing experimental results with outdoor measurement ones to improve the indoor measurement accuracy by multiple light source solar simulator. Generated energy in solar cell module level was also studied in field. (2) On development of the reliability evaluation method for solar cells, deterioration data were collected and analyzed by long-term exposure test. As a result, it was clarified that Pmax values are directly affected by seasonal change in air mass, and deterioration of solar cells is hardly found after exposure test for one year, showing a stable state. The characteristic recovery experiment of amorphous solar cell modules was carried out, and the accelerated deterioration test method of thin film cell modules was also studied. 2 figs.

  13. Research and development of evaluation system for photovoltaic power generation system. Research and development on evaluation technology of photovoltaic power generating systems; Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu. System hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on R and D of evaluation technology for photovoltaic power generating systems in fiscal 1994. (1) On preparation of test facility and measuring instrument, the pyrheliometer with a photovoltaic device as sensor was developed. (2) On collection and analysis of data, operation data of interconnection system, stand alone system, and water pump system were collected, and energy flow was analyzed. The following were also analyzed: time variation of a-Si solar cell modules, fluctuation correction factor of spectrum response, that of nonlinear response of crystalline solar cells, effect of solar radiation intensity and wind velocity on temperature rise of modules, and correction factor of DC circuit losses. (3) On on-site measurement technology, the array output measuring instrument was developed on the basis of capacitor charge system. (4) On simulation technology, simulation analyses of energy flow, optimum capacity of interconnection systems, correction factor of solar radiation, and capacity of array storage batteries were conducted. 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  14. Research and development of evaluation system for photovoltaic power generation system. Survey on research and development of solar cell evaluation system; Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu. Taiyo denchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the survey results on R and D of solar cell evaluation systems in fiscal 1994. The performance/reliability evaluation subcommittee continuously analyzed technical issues and discussed solution measures from the last fiscal year. On development of performance evaluation methods, improvement of measurement accuracy for laminated solar cells is the study issue to be solved. Although laminated solar cells are measured by multiple light source solar simulator, difficult spectrum compensation causes measurement errors. Collection and analysis of data for determining atmospheric conditions, and outdoor measurement experiment under the atmospheric conditions for reference solar light were carried out. The study on incident angle characteristics of laminated solar cells clarified that the deviation from COS characteristics is 1.0% or less at an incident angle of 30{degree}. The study on generated energy in solar cell module level in field clarified that generated energy and generation efficiency are proportional to intensity of solar radiation. 1 tab.

  15. Research and development of evaluation system for photovoltaic power generation system. Research and survey on test and evaluation method for BOS component devices; Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu. Shuhen gijutsu hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on R and D of the evaluation method for BOS component devices in fiscal 1994. (1) On the study on requirements of BOS component devices for practical use, the study results on storage battery, inverter, protective device for system interconnection, and effective use means for storage battery were summarized. On the future device technology, it was clarified that the following value added technologies are promising: simple design of inverter circuit, cost reduction by common specification and mass production, and stabilization of voltage and compensation of momentary peak load by combining inverter with small-capacity storage batteries. (2) On the study on the performance test method for BOS component devices, basic characteristic (capacity, efficiency) test, PSOC charge/discharge cycle test, and accelerated life cycle test were performed for 4 kinds of new storage batteries developed by NEDO. The whole characteristic test results satisfied specifications, and long-term cycle test is in promotion for all new storage batteries. 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  16. NEDO Forum 2000. Proliferation of information and achievements, and evaluation session (toward achievement evaluation and information signaling); Joho seika no fukyu to hyoka session. Seika no hyoka to joho hasshin ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    The following themes were presented at the present session: (1) fundamental survey on evaluation of projects, (2) the IEA information exchange agreement project and information providing activities by NEDO, (3) the NEDO technological information database, (4) the NEDO's intelligent property releasing institution and utilization of the patent database, (5) examples of successful utilization of NEDO patents (mask producing equipment by means of electronic beam depiction), and (6) special lectures (the current status of information network technologies and their new development in the future). Item (1) describes a method to evaluate reasonability of decision makings at each time point around project management, in which time divisions are set, and compared with requirements in each time. It also describes discussions on the reasonability thereof. As the execution agreement with IEA for energy technology data exchange (ETDE), Item (2) introduces the IEA energy and environment technology information (a project by Centre for the Analysis and Dissemination of Demonstrated Energy Technology (CADDET) and a project of Greenhouse Gas Technology Information Exchange (GREENTIE)), as well as the execution agreement to establish IEA coal researches, and the NEDO information providing activities. Item (3) introduces the NEDO project information, NEDO achievement report, CADDET database, and GREENTIE database as the databases provided by the NEDO Information Center. (NEDO)

  17. Interim report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system by the evaluation working group; Super heat pump energy shuseki system hyoka work group chukan hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    The evaluation working group of the Large-scale Energy-saving Technology Research and Development Promotion Council has made an interim evaluation of the results obtained so far by the R and D project for the super heat pump energy accumulation systems. The working group evaluates the bench plant operation test results comprehensively, covering technical, economic and social aspects, and R and D promotion methodology. The working group has concluded that a significant technological break-through is made for the super high performance compression heat pumps, and the technological groundwork is now established for the future pilot system. For the chemical heat storage technologies, it is concluded that system feasibility is demonstrated, and the technological groundwork for the future development is established. The super heat pump is evaluated to potentially realize significant economic superiority over the conventional devices both in the domestic and industrial areas, and to be highly rated potentially in the areas of energy-saving, power load leveling and environmental preservation. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1998 research report on the total electric power loss reduction project for Myanmer; 1998 nendo Myanmer koku denryoku soshitsu sogo teigen project chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    As a part of Japanese clean development mechanism, study was made on reduction of greenhouse effect gas emission from thermal power plants by reduction of power transmission and distribution losses of power systems in Myanmer. Study was made on technical power transmission and distribution losses for the national grid transmission system, 33kV sub- transmission system of Thaketa substation in Yangong city, and 6.6kV and 400V distribution systems of Latha and Lanmadaw townships in the downtown area of Yangong. Countermeasures for power loss reduction were considered on the basis of the study result. The loss reduction project plan includes a construction cost of 5,134,000US$, loss reduction of 7,726kW, and loss reduction of 33,213,000kWh. The project feasibility and profitability were evaluated by comparison between a financial internal rate of return (FIRR) and an opportunity cost assuming that a discount rate is the opportunity cost. As a result, FIRR was 17.36% and the discount rate was 8.89% in Myanmer. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 2000 comprehensive survey. Project for development of international standards for supporting novel industries; 2000 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo. Sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development for creation of international standards had been under way for three years since fiscal 1998 for the sustenance and securement of Japan's technical advantage and for the enhancement of the international competitiveness of its industries. In the ultimate fiscal year for the project, studies were made for establishing standards relative to 13 subjects, involving the management of color reproduction, assurance of interoperability of optical disk systems, digital image processing for home-use digital electronic appliances, securement of connection between information devices for home-use electric appliances, production process system, method for testing and evaluating fine ceramics for communication equipment, method for evaluating high-temperature properties of new glass, method for testing and evaluating corrosion resistance of surface treated steel sheets, method for testing and evaluating pure titanium, method for testing and evaluating plastic optical fiber, method for evaluating properties of high-strength large-diameter steel pipe for ultrahigh-pressure natural gas pipeline, method for measuring fuel consumption of hybrid electric vehicles, method for calculating the recycling rate of automotive products, or the like. The fruits of 77% of the efforts have already been proposed as international standards or have arrived at a stage where they may be proposed as such. (NEDO)

  20. New Shinkansen operation management and control systems for Tohoku-Joetsu Shinkansen; Tohoku Joetsu Shinkansen no atarashii Shinkansen sogo system `COSMOS`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Otsuki, K. [East Japan Railway Co., Tokyo (Japan); Koda, K.; Uchimura, T.; Okazaki, S.; Imagawa, T.; Kawaguchi, K. [Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-02-01

    Computerized Safety, Maintenance and Operation Systems of Shinkansen (COSMOS) has been developed to properly deal with the diversification and modernization of Shinkansen business and the improvement of its system. To avoid the concentration of duties and loads on any part of the system, the system functions are distributed into eight subsystems, which respectively cover transportation planning, operation management, maintenance work management, power system control, rolling stock management, centralized information management, facilities management, and yard operation management. The COSMOS is a huge system distributed across a large area whose 500 computers and terminals located in the eight subsystems and offices related with Shinkansen are linked by a network. A concept of autonomy and distribution is introduced into the system so that the impact on the others will be kept to the minimum in case some subsystems come to a stop. The new system is excellent in maintainability, flexibility, and extendability, and its operation room is quite compact. The COSMOS has been working smoothly since the beginning of its service, contributing to the modernization of Shinkansen business, such as rapid restoration in case of timetable disturbance, reduction in station workload, improved passenger guidance service, and centralization of section control business. 5 refs., 2 figs.

  1. Development of an observation robot `Flying Fish` for comprehensive measurements of ocean environment; Kaiyo kankyo sogo kansoku robot `flying fish` no kaihatsu kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koterayama, W.; Yamaguchi, S.; Nakamura, M. [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Research Inst. for Applied Mechanics; Akamatsu, T. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-06-01

    A high speed towed type physical and chemical observation marine robot named as `Flying Fish` has been developed since 1992, which can measure chemical substances in the sea as well as physical data, such as flow velocity of the ocean and water temperature. This paper describes its formation, designing, control system, and results of ocean tests. For the space continuous observation of physical, chemical, and biological quantities, it is essential to control the depth, pitch, and roll. The wing control method was employed for this robot. As a result of the ocean tests, the following conclusions were obtained. The accuracy under the steady state was {plus_minus}0.05 m in the depth, {plus_minus}1 degree in the pitch, and {plus_minus}0.5 degree in the roll. This was stable enough to operate chemical analysis, such as dissolved oxygen analysis. Even under the unsteady state during the change of depth, the pitch and roll were controlled in {plus_minus}3 degree and {plus_minus}0.5 degree, respectively. Results of the field tests and the numerical simulations for the performance of this robot were agreed well mutually in the practically sufficient accuracy. 10 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

  2. 1998 Annual Study Report. New industry supporting type international standard development program (Comprehensive survey); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo (sogo chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Summarized herein are results of the survey on a total of 13 themes for international standardization. These themes are for standardization of (1) color control, (2) securing interoperability between optical disk systems, (3) digital image processing for home digital electronic appliances, (4) securing interconnectability between home electronic information appliances, (5) production process systems, (6) testing and evaluation methods for fine ceramic materials for communications, (7) evaluation methods for high-temperature properties of new glass melts, (8) corrosion testing and evaluation methods for surface-treated steel plates, (9) testing and evaluation methods for high-purity titanium, (10) testing and evaluation methods for plastic optical fibers, (11) evaluation methods for high-strength, large-size steel pipe characteristics for superhigh-pressure natural gas pipelines, (12) methods for measuring mileage of hybrid electric vehicles, and (13) methods for determining recycle ratios of automobile components. This comprehensive survey also includes overseas trends for the standardization, establishment/expansion of the international standardization processes, and standardization for determining recycle ratios of home electric appliances. (NEDO)

  3. ESR study on the interaction between carbon blacks and oxygen molecules; ESR ho ni yoru carbon black to sanso bunshi tono sogo sayo no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okazaki, M.; Toriyama, K.; Konishi, Y. [National Industrial Research Institute of Nagoya, Nagoya (Japan)

    2000-02-24

    Interaction between carbon blacks and oxygen molecules has been studied by means of electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The ESR spectra of the carbon blacks appears at the g-value of free spin, which are contributed by both isolated electrons and conduction electrons. Upon introducing oxygen to the system the ESR linewidth was broadened in proportion to the partial pressure of oxygen. In case of lampblack (LB 101, Degussa) the interaction was not so strong that it took a tong time at 77K for the linewidth to reach the maxmum value. In case of gassblack (P 140 V, Degussa), on the other hand, the oxygen was easily adsorbed at 298K and the linewidth at 77K became its maximum immediately after cooling. The number of unpaired electrons decreased when the system was kept at 298 K and the decrease was prominent for the local spins. These phenomena have been explained with a simple band model for the electron. (author)

  4. FY 1993-1999 report on all the results of the development of high performance industrial furnace; Koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu sogo seika hokokusho (1993 - 1999 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Since an phenomenon was found out that NOx emission, which was thought to be increased, will be decreased by burning the high temperature preheated air jetting it at high speed (high temperature air combustion) in industrial furnace, there appeared a possibility of technical breakthrough for achieving the heightening of energy utilization efficiency and NOx reduction by exhaust heat recovery at the same time. This project aims at conducting full-scale experiments based on the basement technology including the theoretical elucidation of the combustion mechanism and high temperature air combustion by using various experimental facilities. Further, making full use of the most up-to-date analysis methods and constructing general-purpose database, the development is also aimed at of high performance industrial furnaces such as various heating furnace, heat treat furnace and melting furnace, with the assumption of prompt commercialization of the results of the development. As a result, targets were achieved such as energy saving of 30% or more, downsizing of 20% and a remarkable NOx reduction. Core technologies of this project are in-system limit heat recovery technology, high temperature air combustion technology, temperature field control technology (furnace temperature leveling technology) and high exergy heat transfer technology (furnace temperature heightening technology). (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Overall survey; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper summed up the results of the survey of tackling with the international standardization by enterprises and organizations involved in the standardization in the U.S., Europe and Japan, the results of the R and D on 20 themes for the international standardization, and the development toward the international standardization. As the R and D themes, the following were selected: the development of chemical method to analyze/evaluate metallic coatings of surface treated steel coating sheets, R and D of the basic evaluation method of functional composite particles, international standards for computer/manikins, basic technology of color image management, study on optimizing design/evaluation technology using quality engineering, study of the international standardization by economic evaluation of environmental impacts, R and D of the standardization of a method to test acceleration life of phosphorous acid fuel cells, development of a test method of halogen-free flame-retardant cables and a study of the cable standards, standard measuring methods of hormone effects of chemical substances, quantification of the sensory evaluation and international standardization in the paint field, experimental study on the international standardization for immunochemical measurement of chemical substances, etc. 24 figs., 16 tabs.

  6. 1998 Annual Study Report. Standardization for compatibility between home information devices; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Joho kaden kikikan no sogo setsuzokusei kakuho no tame no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Wide-band POF covering Gbps as a Japan-made R and D fruit will be commercialized in the near future. It is very important to make an international standard specification for the transmission by the aid of the wide-band POF, which would be basically the standard for the future home networks. The efforts in this year were directed to finding the optimum parameters for widening the band, for which the necessary characteristics related to, e.g., transmission band and bending loss were measured and evaluated, and the specifications covering a certain range were established. The wide POF system is considered to provide the first chance of the optical transmission systems going into homes on a large scale, and the service conditions and regulations for use in homes have been comprehensively studied. These efforts have begun with collection of the measured data in consideration of operating optical elements represented by LD's, their peripheral circuits and the transmitter/receiver assemblies in which they are mounted at S400 or more. Each of the light emitting and receiving sections, including their peripheral circuits, were measured and evaluated, where they were mainly operated at a short wavelength of 650 nm, which is the same as that for the DVD. (NEDO)

  7. Review of an analysis system of `Long-Term Deep Seafloor Observatory off Muroto Peninsula`; Kochiken Murotomisakioki `kaitei jishin sogo kansoku system` data no kaiseki system no shokai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuru, T; Machiyama, H; Hattori, M; Kaneda, Y [Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, Kanagawa (Japan)

    1997-10-22

    Introduced is a data analysis system for Long-Term Deep Seafloor Observatory established off Muroto Point by Japan Marine Science and Technology Center (JAMSTEC), from which observatory data collected by seismograph and tsunami-meter are transmitted real time. JAMSTEC Long-Term Deep Seafloor Observatory Project Team has begun constructing an analysis system for disposing of events in the data and for locating the hypocenter. The analysis system is composed of a data converting unit that converts the forwarded data into the Win format; a data storage/time-dependent data integration unit that keeps the data in a hard disk for a specified period of time, performs disposition and analysis of events in the data, and forwards the data after disposition and analysis to a data recording unit; a data recording unit that stores selected data of seismic events in a recording medium; and a real-time monitor/NTP server unit that displays real time the observed seismic waveform data. 2 figs.

  8. Fiscal 2000 comprehensive survey. Project for development of international standards for supporting novel industries; 2000 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo. Sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development for creation of international standards had been under way for three years since fiscal 1998 for the sustenance and securement of Japan's technical advantage and for the enhancement of the international competitiveness of its industries. In the ultimate fiscal year for the project, studies were made for establishing standards relative to 13 subjects, involving the management of color reproduction, assurance of interoperability of optical disk systems, digital image processing for home-use digital electronic appliances, securement of connection between information devices for home-use electric appliances, production process system, method for testing and evaluating fine ceramics for communication equipment, method for evaluating high-temperature properties of new glass, method for testing and evaluating corrosion resistance of surface treated steel sheets, method for testing and evaluating pure titanium, method for testing and evaluating plastic optical fiber, method for evaluating properties of high-strength large-diameter steel pipe for ultrahigh-pressure natural gas pipeline, method for measuring fuel consumption of hybrid electric vehicles, method for calculating the recycling rate of automotive products, or the like. The fruits of 77% of the efforts have already been proposed as international standards or have arrived at a stage where they may be proposed as such. (NEDO)

  9. Integrated system technologies for water and sewage works. Information system technologies for rainwater drainage. Jogesuido sogo system gijutsu. Kou joho system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shinohara, T; Nakada, M; Kondo, S [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-05-01

    The present report introduces the technological trend of rainwater drainage information system mainly with radar rain gauges. The information network must be strengthened as measures against the urban flood from the rainwater drainage. A radar rain gauge-based combination is needed of synthetic and organic processing technologies covering the traveling prediction of rainfall, data communication and rainwater drainage/flooding prediction. The correction method and data communication/display technology are explained for the measurement with radar rain gauges. In both correlation function method and rainfall area pursuit method, the traveling of rainfall is predicted by utilizing the radar information for the sewerage system. For the drainage analysis, it is necessary to quantitatively estimate the rainwater drained into both main and branch sewerage lines. It is made by preparing a rainwater drainage model. The quantitative estimation of rainwater drained into the branch sewerage lines calls for a revised Road Research Laboratory guidance by the Ministry of Construction. Supplemented with knowledge by veteran operators, the displayed image of pump operation support system is simulated for its verification. 2 refs., 3 figs.

  10. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Development of a technology to measure biological molecular interactions; 1998 nendo seitai bunshi sogo sayo no keisoku gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    It has been indicated possible in principle in recent years to measure biological molecular interactions with the molecules in the living state by combining the technologies called the co-focussing optical system and the fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). The FCS method is a method capable of analyzing concentrations, sizes, and inter-molecule interactions through detection of fluorescence fluctuation in single molecules in submicron zones. In spite of the FCS method being a very effective method to measure interactions in biological molecules, the technology has not reached a level that allows easy utilization under the present condition. The present research and development is intended to solve the technological problems in the FCS method in the co-focussing optical system, and perform as many research and development works as possible in a short time to establish a technological foundation that can be provided to bio-industrial and medical sites. Particularly, in order to make the utilization thereof possible in measuring biological molecular interactions in cells, a measuring technology using the bi-photon excited fluorescence correlation spectroscopy was established with an objective to reduce damages to cells and their internal micro organs, and minimize effects of interference signals from the own fluorescence. (NEDO)

  11. Report on the development/comprehensive research of new hydrogen energy demonstrative technology; Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu sogo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    In this project, the excess heat phenomenon caused by electrolyzing heavy water using palladium metal, etc. as electrode was captured as `new hydrogen energy.` To make a possibility of being as a future energy source clear, the abnormal heating phenomenon was verified. By elucidating the mechanism, the paper aimed at quantitatively controlling the heat generation. The R and D period was four years from fiscal 1993, and the details of the research are about the excess heat measuring test, material analysis/development tests, test on detection of reaction products, information collection/arrangement, international research cooperation. As a result of the research, a part of the excess heat measurement was surely able to be reproduced. However, when a confirmation experiment on the excess heat was conducted by another more positive method under the same conditions, it was found that the excess heat quantity was not the absolute excess heat quantity exceeding the measuring sensitivity/errors of the system. Supposing the excess heat of 0.1W order is generated in nuclear reaction, any of reaction products should be detected in a considerable quantity. However, no reaction products were not detected. 42 refs., 241 figs., 55 tabs.

  12. Development of an observation robot `Flying Fish` for comprehensive measurements of ocean environment; Kaiyo kankyo sogo kansoku robot `flying fish` no kaihatsu kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koterayama, W.; Yamaguchi, S.; Nakamura, M. [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan). Research Inst. for Applied Mechanics; Akamatsu, T. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-12-31

    With an objective for spatial continuous measurement of physical, chemical and biological amounts in ocean, development has been made on a wing controlled towed vehicle, `Flying Fish` which is capable of controlling depth, pitch and roll. Numerical simulations and two-year sea experiments have been carried out for the development. Flying Fish consists of a sub-system comprising a towing vehicle, towing cables, and on-board controllers. In a steady state, Flying Fish can be controlled at accuracy for depth of {plus_minus} 0.05m, pitch of {plus_minus} one degree, and roll of {plus_minus} 0.5 degree. This accuracy is sufficient for operating a chemical analyzer, the dissolved carbonic acid analyzer. Even in a non-steady state such as in changing the depth, the pitch can be controlled at {plus_minus} 3 degrees and the roll at {plus_minus} 0.5 degree. This extent of attitude change is within a range rendering no problems in maintaining accuracy of the measurement devices. The result of sea experiments for movements of Flying Fish agreed with that of the numerical simulation at practically usable accuracy. Flying Fish is verified as an effective system in investigating spatial variations in ocean data. 10 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

  13. FY1995 microalgal biotechnology for recycling of pollutants; 1995 nendo tayona sorui kino wo kiban to suru seibutsuken busshitsu junkangta sogo saishigenka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The objectives are 1) development of biological processes needed for the treatment of pollutants and the conversion of resulting biomass to value added products such as energy and fine chemicals, and 2) development of techniques for monitoring of both biological and chemical hazards associated with process operation. We developed a microalgal system for simultaneous removal of CO{sub 2}/NO{sub x} from flue gas, as well as an electro-osmotic method for recovery of microalgal cells. A strategy for effective culturing of photoautotrophic cells in photobioreactors was also proposed. We utilized waste algal biomass to produce biosurfactants, and studied about structure-function relationship of lipopeptide biosurfactants. As an energy product, H{sub 2} was produced via lactic acid fermentation of algal biomass. Physiology of marine phytoplankton was also studied in relation to the future mass production of microalgal biomass. A rapid monitoring of microbial populations was possible by using fluorescent probes. An enzyme immunosorbent assay system specific to fish metallothionein was established for the assessment of aquatic environmental pollution. Human herpesvirus latent infection was effectively applied to biological assay of environmental hygiene. (NEDO)

  14. Report on evaluation for SRC-2 coal liquefaction project; SRC-II sekitan ekika project hyoka sagyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-10-01

    Among the EDS, H-Coal and SRC-2 lined up in the coal liquefaction project of the U.S., the SRC is aimed at producing 6,000 t/day as a module for a 30,000 t/day commercial plant. They expect Ash contents (iron, sulfur, etc.) in coal without basically using catalysts. The products are applicable to fuels for electricity and gas for the moment. In the element technology, there are some problems in manufacturing hydrogen by gasification of residuals as well as in slurry systems, reaction towers, etc.. In the 30,000 ton commercial plant, the coal-liquefied oil costs $19.89/bbl (price as of 1978) assuming coal costs $29.47; therefore, the feasibility is strong as a substitute for petroleum. Japan's share for the required funds will be 86.8 billion yen (if 250 yen per dollar). Since the kinds of coal are conceivably increased in number through the improvement of the process, the Pacific rim countries and these which lie on the Indian Ocean are assumed to be the major coal producing countries for Japan. The stability in storage of coal-liquefied oil is experimentally excellent, as is the compatibility with petroleum products for example. Great results can be expected in the technical know-how and the spread of element technology for Japan. (NEDO)

  15. Report on the environmental safety evaluation sub-committee in fiscal 1992; 1992 nendo kankyo anzensei hyoka bukai hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    This paper reports the activities of the environmental safety evaluation sub-committee for the coal liquefaction plant in fiscal 1992. The sub-committee, upon having received reports on the result of environmental safety evaluation tests performed in fiscals 1991 and 1992 by NEDO, deliberated and discussed carefully the contents thereof. In order to ensure labor hygiene for coal liquefaction plant workers, health influence on liquefied oil users, and social acceptability of the liquefied oil, NEDO has performed the comprehensive brown coal pilot plant operation and oil safety tests. The tests are in accordance with the labor safety and hygiene law, the chemicals examination law, and the MPD issued by OECD, and performed on each fraction produced in the pilot plant and the whole fraction mixing the former fractions, using rats, rabbits, and guinea pigs. The test items included: acute inhalation toxicity and oral repeated administration (using rats); eye stimulation, repeated coating and skin stimulation (using rabbits); photo-toxicity (using guinea pigs); mutagenicity tests (microorganisms, bacteria and chromosome anomaly); resolution tests; fish toxicity; concentration degrees; algae growth obstruction; and water flea breeding obstruction. As the result, the toxicity was found light. (NEDO)

  16. Evaluation of permeability of Nojima fault by hydrophone VSP; Hydrophone VSP ni yoru Nojima danso no tosuisei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiguchi, T; Ito, H; Kuwahara, Y; Miyazaki, T [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-05-01

    The multi-offset hydrophone VSP experiments were carried out using a 750m deep borehole as the oscillation receiver, which penetrates the Nojima fault, to detect water-permeable cracks and evaluate their characteristics. Soil around the borehole is of granodiorite, and fault clay is found at a depth in a range from 623 to 624m. A total of 4 dynamite tunnels were provided around the borehole as the focus. The VSP results show that the tube waves are generated at 22 depths, including the depth at which fault clay is found. However, these waves are generated at only 6 depths in an approximately 150m long fracture zone, suggesting that the cracks in the zone are not necessarily permeable. It is also found that crack angle determined by the analysis of tube waves almost coincides with that of fault clay determined by the core, BHTV and FMI, and that permeability is of the order of 100md at a depth of fault clay or shallower. 3 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  17. Evaluation of economical efficiency of the Osaki large hydroponic facilities; Osaki ogata suiko shisetsu no keizaisei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yonezawa, K [Chugoku Electric Power Co. Inc., Hiroshima (Japan)

    1996-03-25

    A demonstrative test was conducted to verify economical efficiency of practical scale hydroponic horticulture under structure making use of a part of the Osaki thermal power plant to be constructed. In the test, the hydroponic culture of leek and tomatoes was carried out for six years starting 1989 to study its economical efficiency. Using the M-type hydroponic culture facilities, the structures are 1200m wide, 29m long, and 21 tons in the culture liquid level in case of leek, and 350m wide, 29m long, and 10 tons in the culture liquid level in case of tomatoes. The evaluation was made estimating the crop amount of leek as about 35 tons and that of tomatoes as about 60 tons and regarding that the sales amount is equal to the crop amount. The sales amount of leek is 28 million yen, and when seeking income/expenditure from expenses, deficit of 1 million yen per 30 a cannot be avoided excluding the equipment depreciation cost. As to tomatoes, the shipment cost is approximately 14 million yen without the equipment depreciation cost, but the sales amount is approximately 13-19 million yen largely affected by the unit price. A study on the sale method is needed. 7 figs., 11 tabs.

  18. Investigating the effect of aeration powder filling on the actual compacting press; Eareto jutenho no jikki press deno hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kondo, M. [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs., Inc., Nagoya (Japan); Urata, I. [Toyota Motor Co. Ltd., Aichi (Japan)

    1998-05-15

    The authors proposed an aeration filling method as a new filling method in order to obtain uniform and high speed filling by carrying out basic experiments on powder material filling using a visual apparatus. In this study, the aeration powder filling was applied to the product compacting on the actual compacting press, and its evaluation was carried out. As a result, the following effects were confirmed. The weight scattering was reduced to about 70% in the high speed filling and about 50% in the low speed filling. The maximum density was reduced to about 30% in the high speed filling and about 25% in the low speed filling. The maximum thickness difference was reduced to 65% in the high speed filling and about 20% in the low speed filling. The aeration powder effect was stronger in the high speed filling than that in the low speed filling. The weight and size accuracy of the components were increased by the aeration powder filling. The pause and the shaking operation were discarded in the front part of the powder box, thus the filling time could be remarkable shortened. 3 refs., 6 figs.

  19. Treatability evaluation of membrane technique by virus. Maku shori ni okeru shorisei hyoka to shite no virus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yano, K. (Tokyo Metropolitan Research Lab. of Public Health, Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-08-10

    Concerning a high level treating method of regeneration of sewage water, there are methods of coagulation/precipitation, sand filtering and ozone treatment in addition to the conventional active sludge method. However, none of these methods are perfect from the viewpoint of virus. A film treating method to remove micro-organisms in water is twofold, i.e., microfiltration and reverse osmosis. For such filter treatments, polio virus is most suited as an experimental index for conducting an assessment of the treating ability of viruses. The reasons are as follows: 1. It is the smallest virus among the viruses which are mixed in the water systems. 2. Polio virus is always detected in the study of actual conditions of the viruses contained in the sewage waters. 3. It involves less danger in handling because there are vaccines which are made less poisonous. 4. Separation and quantification of viruses is easily conducted by means of cultured cells. 8 refs., 1 fig., 7 tabs.

  20. Evaluation of paramagnetic species in coals with iodine doping technique; Yoso tenkaho wo mochiita sekitanchu no jojiseishu no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aizawa, S.; Kumagai, H.; Chiba, T. [Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan). Center for Advanced Research of Energy Technology

    1996-10-28

    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) of coals was considered by using iodine doping technique. Sub-bituminous coal (WA) and bituminous coal (UF) were used to observe EPR spectra using microwaves. With the UF coal, strength of the narrow component of the spectra was found constant regardless of amount of the doped iodine, wherein radicals without interaction with iodine were detected. Strength of the broad component increased with the iodine doping amount, where in deviation of {pi} electrons was detected, which have been generated as a result of interaction between aromatic rings and iodine in the coals. Spin concentration of the WA coal with low coalification degree is constant regardless of the iodine doping amount, and the interaction of the iodine with the aromatic rings was found small. The higher the coalification degree, the more the aromatic ring structure grows, and electron donor capability for the iodine increases. In a system with the entire spin being uniform, the spectrum height shows a saturation phenomenon against increase in microwave output. A non-uniform system, in which the oriented spin forms small groups and is in local thermal equilibrium, does not show saturation, but increases monotonously. 2 refs., 5 figs.

  1. Report on the environmental safety evaluation sub-committee meetings in fiscal 1987; 1987 nendo kankyo anzensei hyoka bukai hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    The environmental safety evaluation sub-committee has held two meeting in the current fiscal year as described below. The first sub-committee meeting (August 25, 1987) was held for the agenda of the summary of future test plans, the result of overseas surveys in fiscal 1986, the results of tests in fiscal 1986, and the summary of the test plan for fiscal 1987. The major agendum of the second sub-committee meeting (February 23) was the interim reports on the overseas survey results and the safety tests in fiscal 1987. NEDO intends to ensure the labor hygiene for workers in coal liquefying plants, the effect of liquefied oil on users' health, and social acceptability of liquefied oil. Therefore, a safety test for liquefied oil in the primary hydrogenation process was performed provisionally on brown coal PP in the initial stage of operation, in addition to bituminous coal liquefied oil at the existing 1-t/d PDU. The main contents of the test performed by NEDO are based on the labor safety and hygiene law and the law related to regulation on the deliberation and manufacture of chemical materials. Different tests using guinea pigs were carried out on the total fraction mixed at the 1-t/d PDU, and each fraction of light and heavy oils, where the liquefied oil was verified to have minor degree of toxicity. (NEDO)

  2. What will be brought about by changes in evaluation standards; Kachi hyoka kijun no henka ga motarasu mono

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasegawaa, J. [Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan)

    1999-12-17

    The author expresses his opinion toward the impact to be brought about by changes in evaluation standards mainly involving the power system. The 20th century has been an age of mass production of various articles and mass consumption of various resources. It has become evident of late that flexibility, which will realize environmental impact reduction and satisfy varying needs, should be added to the evaluation standards. The new evaluation standards urge that the large-scale centralized management type system be converted into an autonomous distributed type system, and mass production into small-scale production of multiple articles. The development from centralization to decentralization, and the trend toward deregulation and the corporation's plan of dividing itself into plural in-house companies, may be evaluated against the same context. In the field of power systems, it is deemed that the diffusion of power retailing business and distributed power sources will be accelerated. When it comes to a power system constitution and operation capable of dealing with the new development, an autonomous distributed type system constitution and operation as a local energy system is supposed to be more appropriate than the conventional centralized management type. (NEDO)

  3. Research on elaboration of the evaluation guidelines for activities implemented jointly; Kyodo jisshi katsudo hyoka guide line sakutei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Elaboration of the evaluation guidelines for activities implemented jointly (AIJ) was researched to prevent the earth from warming. AIJ is the means to globally promote countermeasures against global warming cost-effectively by optimally combining every country`s technology, know-how and fund. AIJ was established in the 1st Conference of the Parties (COPI) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in March, 1995. The pilot phase of AIJ is first carried out by voluntary workers jointly with developing countries under the agreement of the parties. The current situation of activities is reported in COPI as materials for evaluation of AIJ. To promote AIJ, elaboration of the evaluation guidelines for AIJ Japan program is also necessary for Japan. This research arranged the contents of the evaluation guidelines and the method of classifying projects for AIJ Japan program, and carried out some case studies of promising projects to reduce greenhouse gas emission for future proposal. 3 figs., 31 tabs.

  4. Application of cytotoxicity test for toxic micropollutants. Saibo dokusei shiken ni yoru yugai kagaku busshitsu osen no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Utsumi, H; Hamada, A [Showa University, Tokyo (Japan). School of Pharmaceutical Science; Ono, Y [National Institute of Hygienic Sciences, Tokyo (Japan)

    1992-10-01

    Considerations were given from a viewpoint of assessing toxicity to human bodies on methods of assessing water pollutants and organisms, and applicability of cytotoxity test using cultured cells to water quality assessment. Biological assessment systems used for water environment may use tests using multicellular organisms, cells, or organelles in cells. The organism assessment method is intended mainly for assessing ecological effects, and a suitable method must be selected upon extrapolating it to human bodies. A toxicity parameter used most frequently in a cytotoxity test is the cell revival rate, and life and death are determined from liberation of enzymes in cells, or with color rejection tests and incorporation tests. There are a number of test specimens of raw tap water and its chlorine treatment condensate that show no mutagenicity but cytotoxity. Efficiencies of removal by means of mild chlorine treatment, fast filtration, and activated carbon adsorption vary greatly with cytotoxity and mutagenicity. Introducing the cytotoxity test is expected of further contributing to improving safety in water quality. 24 refs., 1 fig., 7 tabs.

  5. Microbiological indicators for evaluating treatability on water purification process. Josui shori ni okeru shorisei hyoka kara mita biseibutsu shihyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ichikawa, H [Kanagawa Prefectural Government Public Enterprise Egency Water Works Bureau, Kanagawa (Japan). Tanigahara Purification Plant

    1990-08-10

    This report describes the historical procedure of a bacterial test for a certain respective bacteria, and also describes the removal of micro-organisms by a water treatment and treatment with disinfectants. The disinfection is made mainly on basis of foreign literature. This is because there exist few literature published in Japan. In a good sense, this is because of the Japanese habit of drinking raw water which has contributed to high level of facilities and the maintenance. If seen from a different viewpoint, the prsent concern is concentrated to a contamination of the underground water by organic solvent and the counter measure against such minute quantity of organic chemicals as trihalomethane and the agricultural chemicals in the golf courses. From the consumers {prime} standpoint, these are of the level of problems that only one affected person increases per year for 100,000 inhabitants even if they continue to drink such drinking waters continuously through their life years. The reality is that it is remote from the realities in life. 37 refs., 9 tabs.

  6. Accuracy of parameters of permeable fractures by hydrophone VSP; Hydrophone VSP ni yoru tosuisei kiretsu no tokusei hyoka no seido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiguchi, T; Ito, H; Kuwahara, Y; Miyazaki, T [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan); Yabuuchi, S; Hasegawa, K [Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-22

    Hydrophone VSP (vertical seismic profiling) experiment is under way as a technique for detecting subsurface water-permeable cracks by use of boreholes and for evaluating their characteristics (permeability index, crack direction, dip angle). In this report, tube waves observed by hydrophone VSP are subjected to analysis for the determination of water-permeable crack characteristics, the impact caused by errors in the value inputted for analysis is estimated, and a model calculation is performed in case there is no agreement between data from the borehole and data from VSP, all for examining the VSP records for accuracy. When an error rate of 15% is given to the tube wave/P-wave amplitude ratio, a change of 40% or lower results in the permeability index, and a change of 10deg or less in the dip angle, which means that an error in the amplitude ratio does not affect the analysis very much. Changes in the amplitude ratio resulting from changes in crack direction and dip angle differ, dependent on the offset rate. When angular differences among plural crack directions are within 90deg and dip angles within 60deg, the result of analysis represents the average characteristics of the plural cracks. 7 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. How to examine flaking sex evaluation of the float bus bottom brick; Furotobasubotomu renga no furekingu sei hyoka shiken hoho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoneyama, R. [Yotai Refractories Corp., Osaka (Japan)

    1999-02-01

    After it was used in the float law glass dissolution drawer fireplace bottom, a countermeasure was established by answer, laboratory simulation and high temperature load deformation investigation that that cause was in performance about incumbent elephant of the bottom department clay brick which becomes clear from the second. Though it accompanies melting metal tin and Na that it got into the inside of the brick is a cause as for formation, is expected future development by the high research of the practical use which effective measure was taken against by the organization of the clay brick and the improvement of the physical nature. (translated by NEDO)

  8. Interim evaluation report on research and development of automatic sewing systems; Jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu chukan hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    The research and development project for automatic sewing systems is aimed at establishing the techniques necessary for developing (automatic sewing systems) which efficiently produce diversified types of products in small quantities, to cope with various requirements, e.g., diversified consumers' needs and reduced cycle periods. This project covers R and D of the sewing preparation/processing, sewing/assembling, cloth handling, and system management/control techniques. The program for developing the total systems and elementary techniques draws the conceptual designs of their functions, performance and shapes, to outline the overall R and D project. The programs for the individual elementary techniques include studies on their basic functions and performance; design works from the basic designs to determine the specifications to the detailed designs of the devices to be developed; construction of the test units on a trial basis; and function confirming tests to confirm operability of the unit components and device performance, where these works are simultaneously implemented. This paper describes the interim results of evaluation of the elements developed for the elementary techniques, summarizing the results obtained so far. It is concluded that most of the targets of the R and D themes are sufficiently achieved by the end of FY 1987, and that the project can be now advanced to the next phase, construction of the test plants. (NEDO)

  9. Evaluation on the effect of tsunami and seaquake on the floating structure; Tsunami kaishin no futai ni taisuru eikyo hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, K; Suzuki, H; Hosomi, I [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Nahata, H [The Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-12-31

    The effects of tsunami and seaquake on large floating structures are theoretically studied, where these effects are followed in terms of local strength using the equation proposed by Sells to predict surface shapes changed by seaquake-caused uplift of the seabottom. The equation is combined with the one for tsunami propagation, to better predict the tsunami motion. The simulation results indicate the necessity of considering the effects of tsunami for the design of a large floating structure. The authors discuss that the effect of tsunami is minimized when a floating structure is set at a depth of at least 40 to 50m, chain length should be determined by equalizing the breaking weight with the load at which the structure starts to move, and a structure should be set at a position where it is not attacked by transverse waves. They also discuss that seaquake intensity should be predicted by the equation of motion of compressible fluid, and, noting local strength of a floating structure, it will not be damaged when it is at least 16mm thick under the conditions of 2m as seabottom uplift and 0.5m as draft depth. 15 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. Evaluation of column flotation results with a film flotation method; Film fusenho wo mochiita column fusen kekkan no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujimoto, H.; Matsukata, M.; Ueyama, K. [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering Science

    1996-10-28

    Change in wettability of coal particle surfaces due to kerosene adsorption was studied by using a film flotation method. The applicability of a film flotation method to coals modified by kerosene adsorption was first confirmed. In experiment, film flotation was applied to Illinois coal modified by aqueous methanol solution and kerosene adsorption, and the weight percent of residual particles on a gas-liquid interface and kerosene in aqueous methanol solution were analyzed to verify the applicability of a film flotation method. Film flotation was applied to Datong and Illinois coals modified by kerosene adsorption, and the weight percent of residual particles on a gas-liquid interface was plotted to surface tension of liquid. As a result, the weight percent of hydrophobic particles within 50mN/m in surface tension slightly increased in Datong coal and remarkably increased in Illinois coal with kerosene addition. It was thus suggested that in addition to surface tension, the distributions of hydrophilic and hydrophobic strengths on the surface of each coal particle should be considered to understand attachment of coal particles and bubbles. 6 refs., 4 figs.

  11. Performance evaluation of a flow-down collecting solar system; Ryuka shunetsushiki solar system no seino hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanayama, K; Li, X; Baba, H; Endo, N [Kitami Institute of Technology, (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    The paper evaluated performance of a flow-down collecting solar system. The solar heat pump PV system is composed of a solar system, heat pump and PV, of which the heat collecting portion is a water-use horizontal evacuated double glass tube solar collector. As a result of the performance measurement, the necessity of fundamental improvement arose. Under an idea of disproving common sense of the original forced circulation solar system, a system was designed in which heat is collected by making the heat media reversely circulate and flow down in accordance with gravity. When the flow rate was 2m{sup 3}/h, the collecting rate reached a maximum, approximately 54% (36.9% before improvement). When the flow rate was 1.3-1.5m{sup 3}/h, the system can realize the maximum merit, and the collecting efficiency became approximately 50%. Helped by reduction in consumed power, the average system performance coefficient reached more than 85% (28.9% before improvement). The obtainable energy rate rapidly increased to 2.9 times more than before improvement. Further, the consumed power of pump was decreased 65% from before improvement when the flow rate was 2.4m{sup 3}/h. 2 refs., 5 figs.

  12. Study of evaluation for grouting effect in a borehole; Yakueki chunyu koka hyoka gijutsu ni okeru ichikosatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, H; Matsuo, T [Fukuoka Municipal Transportation Bureau, Fukuoka (Japan); Yamauchi, Y; Imanishi, H [Osaka Soil Test, Osaka (Japan)

    1996-10-01

    For the foundation improvement works by grouting in a borehole, evaluation of grouting effect is one of the most important management items. The grouting design and works are sometimes reconsidered depending on the evaluation of grouting effect during the test injection. The purpose of the evaluation of grouting effect is to grasp the range of improvement and consolidation after the injection, and to judge and estimate the strength and permeability of the consolidation part. This paper describes the judgment method of the strength using PS logging results and borehole televiewer (BHTV) logging results. The reflection intensity (Ir) by the BHTV logging increased after the grouting, which showed a same tendency as that using S-wave and P-wave velocities (Vs and Vp) before and after the grouting. This was considered to demonstrate the grouting effect. A relation was obtained between the Vs, Vp and Ir before and after the grouting, which was expressed by following equation. Ir=0.143{times}Vs-70=0.093{times}Vp-110. The relation with the dynamic elastic coefficient (Ed) was also obtained as follow; Ir=0.0013{times}Ed. 9 figs.

  13. Geological evaluation on productibility of coal seam gas; Coal seam gas no chishitsugakuteki shigen hyoka ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujii, K [University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka (Japan). Faculty of Education

    1996-09-01

    Coal seam gas is also called coal bed methane gas, indicating the gas existing in coal beds. The gas is distinguished from the oil field based gas, and also called non-conventional type gas. Its confirmed reserve is estimated to be 24 trillion m {sup 3}, with the trend of its development seen worldwide as utilization of unused resource. For the necessity of cultivating relevant technologies in Japan, this paper considers processes of production, movement, stockpiling, and accumulation of the gas. Its productibility is controlled by thickness of a coal bed, degree of coalification, gas content, permeability, groundwater flow, and deposition structure. Gas generation potential is evaluated by existing conditions of coal and degree of coalification, and methane production by biological origin and thermal origin. Economically viable methane gas is mainly of the latter origin. Evaluating gas reserve potential requires identification of the whole mechanism of adsorption, accumulation and movement of methane gas. The gas is expected of effect on environmental aspects in addition to availability as utilization of unused energy. 5 figs.

  14. Fracture mapping in rock slope using geophysical instruments; Butsuri tansa ni yoru ganban shamennai no kiretsu bunpu hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurahashi, T; Inazaki, T [Public Works Research Institute, Tsukuba (Japan); Watanabe, S [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    An attempt was made to visualize distribution of cracks in a rock slope by applying geophysical survey onto a rock slope. Geophysical logging and seismic survey using the reflection method were used as the methods for the geophysical survey. The rock slope subjected to the survey is located in a gorge along the Yoshino river in Yamashiro Town, Tokushima Prefecture. The slope has a width of 25 m and a height of 30 m. Its overhang in a nose form may has a possibility of causing collapse due to sliding. Cracks developed by horizontal schistosity were detected by performing geophysical logging on VSP, calipers, natural gamma-ray spectra, temperature and borehole in a borehole drilled vertically from the top of the slope. The seismic survey using the reflection method detected the cracks by emphasizing joints in the perpendicular direction. A possibility was shown to visualize the crack distribution with high resolution by using the above geophysical survey on the rock slope. In order to detect the crack distribution with still higher resolution, development into a three-dimensional exploration in the future is desired, not to speak of improvement in signal receivers, and discussions on geometry. 1 ref., 6 figs.

  15. On the method for fracture strength assessment. Part 2; Kozobutsu no hakai kyodo hyoka no jissai. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Onozuka, M. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-09-05

    In order to reduce the economic cost of the generating set etc. the damages to the materials and structures of the structure to last the original design life were observed and it was considered that if damages were fewer the life would be longer. One of the important items in assessing, amending and renewing the rationality of the established structure is the assessment of the defects and flaws existing in the welded joints. In Japan, WES 2805 which is named as the Method for Assessing the Defects for the Brittle Fracture Occurring Properties of Welded Joint was formulated in 1980 as the standard of the Japan Welding Society. Although it has been applied as the criterion in wide range, the part on brittle fracture is now under revision to reflect the research results on fracture mechanics thereafter and to perfect the fracture relationship because many years have passed since its first formulation. In this paper, the contents in the final stage of the revision of WES 2805 standard, including concrete examples, were introduced. 2 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Feasibility study for seismic monitoring of gas injection; Atsunyu gasu monitaringu no kanosei hyoka ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishida, A.; Ogawa, T.; Yokota, T.; Shimada, N.; Onozuka, S.; Kono, F.; Miyagi, T. [Japan National Oil Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-10-30

    In this study, seismic monitoring of injected gas in a carbonate reservoir was investigated using multidisciplinary approach which consisted of geological/reservoir modeling, reservoir flow simulation, rock physics and seismic modeling. A case study was conducted over Lower Cretaceous carbonate reservoir offshore Abu Dhabi. The gas saturation and reservoir pressure data were obtained from the reservoir flow simulation. The velocity data of dry rock samples under the various conditions were also obtained from rock physics study. These outputs were converted to the velocity model using Gassmann's equation. The calculated velocity from Gassmann's equation is well correlated with velocity from laboratory measurements. Therefore we con confirm that the Gassmann's equation is applicable to estimate the velocity of the gas saturated reservoir rock. Based on the velocity model, synthetic seismic sections before and after gas injection were constructed in order to verify the influence of gas flood. As the results, amplitude difference between the two synthetic seismograms was observed at top and bottom reflectors of the reservoir zone. This amplitude variation is caused by both gas saturation change and pressure change. Although further investigation is needed to detect the cause of the variation, this study indicates the possibility of seismic reservoir monitoring. (author)

  17. Evaluation on the effect of tsunami and seaquake on the floating structure; Tsunami kaishin no futai ni taisuru eikyo hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, K.; Suzuki, H.; Hosomi, I. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Nahata, H. [The Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-12-31

    The effects of tsunami and seaquake on large floating structures are theoretically studied, where these effects are followed in terms of local strength using the equation proposed by Sells to predict surface shapes changed by seaquake-caused uplift of the seabottom. The equation is combined with the one for tsunami propagation, to better predict the tsunami motion. The simulation results indicate the necessity of considering the effects of tsunami for the design of a large floating structure. The authors discuss that the effect of tsunami is minimized when a floating structure is set at a depth of at least 40 to 50m, chain length should be determined by equalizing the breaking weight with the load at which the structure starts to move, and a structure should be set at a position where it is not attacked by transverse waves. They also discuss that seaquake intensity should be predicted by the equation of motion of compressible fluid, and, noting local strength of a floating structure, it will not be damaged when it is at least 16mm thick under the conditions of 2m as seabottom uplift and 0.5m as draft depth. 15 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Survey of an evaluation method for research and development projects; Kenkyu kaihatsu project no hyoka shuho ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report describes an interim evaluation method and a concrete evaluation method for projects promoted by the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, and NEDO. As a result of the survey, a method of highly practical interim evaluation, concrete evaluation items, and evaluation criteria have been proposed by assuming that the projects are evaluated by the project evaluation department independent of the project promotion department. Long-term issues for constructing the evaluation system are also described. It is the most essential for the evaluation to fulfill the function of effective promotion of the following projects. It is also indispensable for the evaluation method and issues proposed in this report to communicate closely to project promoters and researchers, and to reassess the projects continuously. Continuous consideration for the feedback of evaluation process and the improvement of evaluation are significant for the long-term construction of system. 21 refs., 9 figs., 23 tabs.

  19. Framework of information system assessment based on function and quality; Kino to hinshitsu ni motozuku joho system hyoka no wakugumi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, M.; Hishitani, J. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-03-01

    As for function and quality of information system, an assessment method of productivity at planning and at completion has been developed. In this method, functional size expressing the size of functional kinds provided by the system, value-added size expressing the size with corrected functional size in response to the quality level of each function, and production size expressing the size of products and processes under the given conditions were employed as indexes for evaluating the size of system. In addition, a method using the quality property tree has been developed. In this method, to evaluate the quality level which is essential for calculating the value-added size, users and providers evaluate the system quality from their own viewpoints. By this system, validity of user`s demand and validity/efficiency of realizing process can be evaluated for client/server type systems from the systematic viewpoint in a whole life cycle of systems from development planning to abandonment of systems. 24 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

  20. Development and applicability estimation of the tire contact pressure measurement system; Tire secchiatsukei no kaihatsu to oyosei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mizutani, Y.; Amago, T.; Takahashi, T.; Sakuma, S.; Mori, N. [Toyota Central R and D Laboratories, Inc., Aichi (Japan); Nagae, A. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan); Yasuoka, M. [Toyo Tire and Rubber Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1995-04-20

    A pressure sensor more reliable than the conventional types and a tire pressure measurement system using a plurality of sensors of the said reliable type have been developed. The sensor is an inverted T in shape, the upper surface of the vertical beam thereof receives the pressure, and the two ends of the horizontal beam are fixed. The load per unit area imposed on the pressure receiving surface is separated into three components, the X and Y components in the tangential direction are sensed by the vertical beam while the Z component in the vertical direction is sensed by a distortion gauge attached to the horizontal beam. For the measurement of the contact pressure distribution for the entire contact surface, a measuring device was developed, comprising a multiple point contact pressure gauge with 30 sensors of the reliable type discussed here embedded therein, a tire rolling tester, and a data processing unit. A tire wear estimation test was conducted using this pressure sensor and a contact probe type slip sensor, and it was found that a tire of a greater friction energy ratio is easier to experience abnormal abrasion and that the new pressure sensor is useful in estimating abnormal abrasion. Further, it was indicated that the present measuring device is applicable to the analysis of the mechanism wherein shaft force results from contact pressure on the soil. 3 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  1. Report on evaluation for SRC-2 coal liquefaction project; SRC-II sekitan ekika project hyoka sagyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-10-01

    Among the EDS, H-Coal and SRC-2 lined up in the coal liquefaction project of the U.S., the SRC is aimed at producing 6,000 t/day as a module for a 30,000 t/day commercial plant. They expect Ash contents (iron, sulfur, etc.) in coal without basically using catalysts. The products are applicable to fuels for electricity and gas for the moment. In the element technology, there are some problems in manufacturing hydrogen by gasification of residuals as well as in slurry systems, reaction towers, etc.. In the 30,000 ton commercial plant, the coal-liquefied oil costs $19.89/bbl (price as of 1978) assuming coal costs $29.47; therefore, the feasibility is strong as a substitute for petroleum. Japan's share for the required funds will be 86.8 billion yen (if 250 yen per dollar). Since the kinds of coal are conceivably increased in number through the improvement of the process, the Pacific rim countries and these which lie on the Indian Ocean are assumed to be the major coal producing countries for Japan. The stability in storage of coal-liquefied oil is experimentally excellent, as is the compatibility with petroleum products for example. Great results can be expected in the technical know-how and the spread of element technology for Japan. (NEDO)

  2. Study of design factors of vehicle headlamp control systems; Zenshoto seigyo system no hyoka shuho no kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamishima, H; Miwa, T; Sasaki, T; Imai, M [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Sumi, T [Niles Parts Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The on-and-off timing of vehicle headlamp control systems varies with weather conditions. Cloudy weather has a wider light energy distribution from visible to infrared radiation than clear weather. Silicon photodiodes, which can detect visible to infrared radiation, have larger output currents on cloudy evenings than on clear evenings under the same brightness conditions. The systems should be designed with such factors in mind as spectral characteristics of windshield, filters, sensor, and eyesight. 4 refs., 9 figs.

  3. Evaluation on lifetime risk in reinforced concrete structure; RC kozo no lifetime risk no hyoka ni kansuru kisoteki kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, M. [Public Works Research Institute, Tsukuba (Japan); Adachi, H. [Taisei Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Akakura, Y. [Ministry of Transport, Tokyo (Japan); Ibayashi, K.; Ozaka, Y. [Tohoku Gakuin Univ., Sendai (Japan)

    1996-02-15

    To evaluate the risk during longevity of reinforced concrete structure subjected to earthquake motions, called lifetime risk, damage and safety were estimated by means of the earthquake risk analysis and earthquake response analysis. For the earthquake risk analysis, historical earthquake data with relatively low accuracy were efficiently taken into account, to determine the annual mean generation probability against the earthquake motion strength in ten main cities. A new damage index with load hysteresis was defined as an anti-earthquake evaluation index where accumulative damage is taken into consideration. Assuming that the damage transits from `certain state` to `certain state` every time the earthquake motion generates at the noticeable place, damage transition matrix expressing transition probability was calculated by using the results of earthquake risk analysis and the accumulative damage index. The lifetime risk was calculated from the damage transition matrix and the earthquake motion generation probability, to evaluate the safety. 21 refs., 10 figs., 8 tabs.

  4. Ecological processes for Environmental Impact Assessment in Coastal Waters; Engan no kankyo eikyo hyoka (EIA) eno seitaigakuteki apurochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishikawa, Kimitoshi. [Environmental Assessment Dept., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-03-25

    This paper focuses on a method for estimating adverse effects on natural environment by economic development in coastal waters in Japan. In particular, the most critical relations concerning the impact on marine organisms is pointed out and discussed according to an environmental impact assessment. Relations between environmental impact assessment and marine organisms needs a quantitative ecological approach in order to succeed in sustainable development of coastal waters management. Recently, the Environment Agency of Japan pointed out the unreliability and the theme on accuracy and the staff for biology and ecology in the environmental impact study. Ecological response to environmental impact occurs in a wide spectrum of physiological and biological and biological functions. Therefore biological monitoring measures must correspond to the given time-space scale of natural mechanisms. For the evaluation of environmental impact, it is desire able to develop of experimental technics and collect biological and ecological basic data for the object. I Reconstructing the following: 1. Reconstructing a clearlistic EIA process by EIA agencies and practitioners, 2. Scorping the biological and ecological issues by EIA professionals, 3. Using the current computer technology, 4. Considering monitoring systems over scales of time and space for the ecological target and 5. Making available to public all monitoring data and reports of EIA. (author)

  5. Production of ethanol, fat and oil and methane gas from several crops. Sushu sakumotsu nado no energygen toshite no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uehara, Tsuyoshi; Suganuma, Hirotoshi

    1988-05-01

    Aiming at production of ethanol, fat and oil and so on, ten kinds of miscellaneous cereal crops such as pearl-millet, soybean and so on were grown, and comparative investigation of the production rate which was considered utilization of whole plants were carried out. The suitability of vegetable wastes as methane fermentation materials for the methane gas production was investigated by the constituent analyses and methane fermentation experiments. Nine kinds of the grasses and vegetable wastes such as tomatoe buds, broccoli leaves were used for the investigation. As the results, the estimated yield of ethanol per 10 are from pearl-millet was 690 liter, the estimated yield of fat and oil per 10 are was 70 liter from soybean, The results of the analyses of nine kinds of the farm residues were as follows: (1) carbon content of about 40 %, (2) C/N ratio of 13 av., (3) C/P ratio of 91 av., and (4) the content of C,N and P was roughly appropriate. 680 to 760 milliliter of methane gas was produced from one gram of the dry matter of tomatoe bods, and in case of broccoli leaves, 424 milliliter of methane gas was produced, it was found that these values were not inferior to animal dung. (4 figs, 15 tabs, 6 refs)

  6. Evaluation of the prevention potential against landslide disasters. Jisuberi saigai wo taisho to shita bosai potential no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Umemura, J [Nihon University, Tokyo (Japan). College of Engineering; Hayashi, S; Ochiai, H [Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1994-03-21

    In order to evaluate disaster potential and disaster prevention potential of landslides, which are complicatedly composed of natural factors and social ones, an evaluating method of the potentials is proposed by applying the multiple logistic model. Furthermore, a method making the potential map using this evaluation is shown. The multiple logistic model is based on the conception of multiple risks, and so the disaster potential is expressed with probability. The disaster prevention potential is evaluated by using the disaster potential. Taking a typical landslide district as an instance, some potential maps colored by each potential are shown. By these maps, effects of the preventive measures against disasters and changes in the disaster prevention potential according to the industrial structure as well as the population are evaluated. Furthermore, combination of the other disaster potentials obtained by changing the surveying interval or factors makes it possible to draw various disaster maps and disaster prevention ones for different purposes. 15 refs., 17 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Report on evaluation/selection surveys on coal species, processes and others; Tanshu process nado hyoka sentei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This program analyzes the applicable coal species centered by Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal, which are promising alternative fuel sources for Japan for their reserves, prices, availability, suitability for liquefaction, etc, in order to clarify the possible problems, and commercialize the liquefaction techniques in the early stage. This report consists of 6 chapters. Chapter 1 describes development situations of brown coal, specifically for Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal. Chapter 2 describes characteristics of the reactions involved in the brown coal liquefaction. Chapter 3 describes current status of various liquefaction processes (solvolysis, solvent extraction, direct hydrogenation and C-SRC) under development in Japan, and problems involved in their future developments. Chapter 4 describes current status of the elementary techniques, e.g., those for slurry pretreatment (e.g., dehydration and crushing), solid/liquid separation, secondary hydrogenation, product upgrading and gasification. Chapter 5 describes the related techniques, and Chapter 6 discusses the demonstration survey results of de-ashing, primary/secondary hydrogenation, and dehydration of brown coal. (NEDO)

  8. Study on visibility evaluation model which is considered field factors; Field factor wo koryoshita shininsei hyoka model ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakanishi, M; Hagiwara, T [Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The present study proposes a model to evaluate visual performance of road traffic facilities required for drivers. Two factors were employed to obtain the suitable contrast for drivers under driving situation. One factor is a suitable luminance range, which is derived from minimum required luminance and glare luminance. Another is a field. The model showed capability of providing visibility range in some cases. 8 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. Primary study on quantitative evaluation of driver fatigue; Unten hiro no teiryo hyoka gijutsu ni kansuru kiso kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noguchi, Y; Mochizuki, M; Toyofuku, K [Isuzu Advanced Engineering Center, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Katsuura, T [Chiba University, Chiba (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Quantitative evaluation of physical and mental loads are effective in developing more human-friendly vehicles. Here attention has been focused on the mental load. Attempts were made to find some physiological indices that can be used for quantifying the mental load and resultant fatigue. Subjects were told to perform three different tasks in a climatoron, and the relation between physiological indices and their perception of fatigue as well as their capability of performing the tasks were analyzed. As a result, heart rate variability is a good index for quantitative evaluation of mental load and fatigue. 5 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.

  10. Development of electrostatic charging evaluation equipment for automobile seat; Jidoshayo seat no taidensei shiken hyoka sochi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maeda, K [Mazda Motor Corp., Hiroshima (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    When passengers get out of vehicle, electrostatics is generated by separation of seat cloth and passenger cloth, and then charged to passenger`s body. It has been impossible for us to simulate this induction charging phenomenon with current evaluation equipments. We developed a new seat cloth evaluation equipments using induction charging plate, which enables us to simulate the phenomenon. This paper describes this new electrostatic charging evaluation method for automobile seat cloth. 5 refs., 6 figs.

  11. Report on evaluation/selection surveys on coal species, processes and others; Tanshu process nado hyoka sentei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This program analyzes the applicable coal species centered by Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal, which are promising alternative fuel sources for Japan for their reserves, prices, availability, suitability for liquefaction, etc, in order to clarify the possible problems, and commercialize the liquefaction techniques in the early stage. This report consists of 6 chapters. Chapter 1 describes development situations of brown coal, specifically for Australia's Victoria brown coal and Chinese coal. Chapter 2 describes characteristics of the reactions involved in the brown coal liquefaction. Chapter 3 describes current status of various liquefaction processes (solvolysis, solvent extraction, direct hydrogenation and C-SRC) under development in Japan, and problems involved in their future developments. Chapter 4 describes current status of the elementary techniques, e.g., those for slurry pretreatment (e.g., dehydration and crushing), solid/liquid separation, secondary hydrogenation, product upgrading and gasification. Chapter 5 describes the related techniques, and Chapter 6 discusses the demonstration survey results of de-ashing, primary/secondary hydrogenation, and dehydration of brown coal. (NEDO)

  12. Analysis and evaluation for practical application of photovoltaic power generation system. Analysis and evaluation for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells (compound semiconductors and their fabrication technologies); Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka no tame no kaiseki hyoka. Usumaku taiyo denchi jitsuyoka no tame no kaiseki hyoka (kagobutsu taiyo denchi zairyo oyobi seisaku gijutsu no kaiseki hyoka)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oyagi, H; Okada, Y; Yamaguchi, H; Shiota, T; Kuroda, S; Igarashi, O; Tanino, H; Makita, Y; Yamada, A; Kimura, S; Ohara, A; Niki, S; Shibata, H; Fons, P [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for analysis and evaluation for thin-film compound semiconductor solar cells. The study on epitaxial growth and optical properties of the thin films of CuInSe2 and CuGaSe2 evaluates the thin epitaxial films grown under various conditions, showing morphology of the defects at the interface of heteroepitaxial growth. These results are used to set the growth conditions under which a thin film of high luminescence by exciter recombination is produced. The study also gives information of luminescence transition in the vicinity of the band ends and of energy level between the bands. The study on structural analysis of the epitaxially grown thin films of CuInSe2 investigates dependence of lattice constants of the MBE-grown CIS layer on film thickness by the X-ray diffractometry based on the bond method. The study on epitaxial growth by the Se(CH3)2-halogen transfer method tests epitaxial growth of the single-crystalline Mo on a substrate of single-crystalline sapphire. 5 figs.

  13. Photovoltaic power generation field test at Industrial Technology Research Institute. Prefectural office building in a sunshine-rich district (Kanagawa Prefectural Industrial Technology Research Institute); Sangyo gijutsu sogo kenkyusho taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo (nissha ryoko chiku no kenchosha). Kanagawaken sangyo gijutsu sogo kenkyusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okazaki, H [Kanagawa Prefectural Government Office, Yokohama (Japan)

    1997-05-30

    The result of a photovoltaic power generation field test in fiscal 1996 on a prefectural office building in a sunshine-rich district is reported. It is a lighting power source installed in fiscal 1994 on the third-floor rooftop of the management information building of Kanagawa Prefectural Industrial Technology Research Institute. It has a capacity of 25kW, operating on system interconnection (no back flow), and has a single 15-series/26-parallel array (mono-crystal modules) facing 38deg westward from due south and inclined at an elevation angle of 20deg. From the 240000kWh insolation that contributed to power generation, a DC power output of 28000kWh was obtained, output of 25000kWh after conversion into AC. The module efficiency was 10.8-13.8%, higher when the daily mean temperature was lower. In the case of 3kW type expected to diffuse into the residential and commercial sector and household sector, one will output 3000kWh a year, which is an appropriate capacity as a locally distributed type power generating system in view of the monthly consumption of 2000kWh by a household in general in the Tokyo Electric Power Co., Ltd. service area. No problem is found in reliability of the tested system. Although the power it generates is less than what this office consumes, it is effective in enlightening people about resources saving and peak cut in summer

  14. Distraksiyon osteogenezinde düşük yoğunlukta ultrason stimülasyonunun kemik mineral yoğunluğuna etkisinin DEXA ile incelemesi

    OpenAIRE

    Funda Tuğcu; Fatih Mehmet Coşkunses

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a surgical method which provides new bone formation by gradually increasing the distance between bone segment surfaces created by osteotomy. In the present study assessing the effect of low intensity pulsed ultrasound stimulation (LIPUS) on bone mineral density (BMD) of the bone formed in distraction osteogenesis (DO) with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and making a comparison between postoperative 30th and 60th days was aimed. &l...

  15. Others and I. Personality Booklet 1. Teacher's Edition=Otros y Yo. Personalidad libro 1. Manual para El Maestro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Univ., Los Angeles. National Dissemination and Assessment Center.

    The booklet is part of a grade 10-12 social studies series produced for bilingual education. The series consists of six major thematic modules, with four to five booklets in each. The interdisciplinary modules are based on major ideas and designed to help students understand some major human problems and make sound, responsive decisions to improve…

  16. Progressive paralyzing sciatica revealing a pelvic pseudoaneurysm a year after hip surgery in a 12yo boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulouis, Grégoire; Shotar, Eimad; Dangouloff-Ros, Volodia; Janklevicz, Pierre-Henri; Boddaert, Nathalie; Naggara, Olivier; Brunelle, Francis

    2016-01-01

    Identifying extra spinal causes of a lumbar radiculopathy or polyneuropathy can be a tricky diagnosis challenge, especially in children. Among them, traumatic or iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms of iliac arteries have been seldom reported, in adults' series. The authors report an unusual case of progressive paralyzing left sciatica and lumbar plexopathy in a 12 years old boy, 12 months after a pelvic osteotomy for bilateral hip luxation secondary to osteochondritis dissecans. Spine MRI and pelvic CT angiography revealed a giant internal iliac artery pseudoaneurysm, enclosed in a chronic hematoma. The patient was successfully treated with endovascular coil embolization, and subsequent surgical hematoma evacuation. However, three months after treatment, neurological recovery was incomplete. This case highlights the importance of a rapid and extensive diagnosis work up of all causes of lower limb radiculopathies in children, including pelvic arteries lesions especially after pelvic surgery to avoid therapeutic delays that may jeopardize the chances of neurological recovery. Copyright © 2015 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Yoğun Bakımda Hafif Şiddetli Bir Propofol İnfüzyon Sendromu

    OpenAIRE

    Tezcan, Aysu Hayriye; Oterkus, Mesut; Donmez, Ilksen; Ozturk, Omur; Yavuzekinci, Zeynep

    2018-01-01

    Propofol infüzyon sendromu (PRİS) nadir ama ölümcül bir hastalıktır. Bu sendrom çoğunlukla ilacın yüksek dozda uzun süreli infüzyonundan sonra oluşur. Metabolik asidoz, hipotansiyon, miyoglobinüri, artmış karaciğer ve kas enzimleri, kardiyak aritmiler ve kalp durması sendromun genel özellikleridir. Bu olgu sunumunda uzun süreli düşük doz (25–50 mcg/kg/dk) ilaç infüzyonundan sonra ortaya çıkan hafif tipte bir PRİS tartışılmıştır. Bu olguda ilaç infüzyonu esnasında ciddi metabolik asidoz, hipot...

  18. Accident and everyday use for small PV power supply system. 2; Saigaiji ken`yo kogata taiyoko hatsuden system. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yokoyama, S.; Sano, N.; Itsumi, J. [Kumamoto Institute of Technology, Kumamoto (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Study is under way for the development of a small power source system capable of supplying power to public facilities and home appliances at normal times and capable of turning immediately into a self-sustained power source in case of emergency. This study discusses a power source that is a combination of solar cell modules and a storage battery, which is subjected to analysis for its match with a light or a data-processing computer imposed as a load on the power source. In the experiment, the power source consists of solar cell modules and a rectangular wave inverter. The battery is a 12V/28Ah automotive battery, the solar cells are two 75W (17V/4.4A) modules, and the load is a fluorescent lamp, fan, electric bulb, or a computer. It is found that the system can operate near the maximum power point of the solar cell modules when the load is light and that the system still works on even when the load consumes more than what the solar cells module produce, this thanks to the battery serving as a backup. In the future, a test-dedicated small power source now under construction will be put to continuous operation for further study. 4 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Tribunales terapéuticos: vigilar, castigar y/o curar The drug courts: discipline, punish and/or cure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Alejandro Bravo

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available O modelo americano de tribunais para dependentes químicos está em tratativas de implantação pela justiça do Distrito Federal, Brasil. Neste modelo penal, os consumidores de drogas ilegais ficam obrigados a se tratar da sua suposta doença, diagnosticada por uma autoridade judiciária. A recusa em aceitar o tratamento implica uma punição legal. A metodologia empregada para analisar os documentos que descrevem e justificam essas políticas é a análise crítica do discurso que, com um critério hermenêutico, tenta mostrar as características ideológicas de textos e discursos e os relaciona com formações discursivas maiores.As políticas de tratamento compulsivo aos usuários de drogas provocam a penalização dos mesmos, ficando estes sob o duplo estigma de doentes e criminosos. Estas iniciativas estão relacionadas com as políticas denominadas de "Tolerância Zero" que procura incriminar grupos sociais e tipos subjetivos particulares. A crescente demanda da justiça aos profissionais da saúde mental para fazer parte deste circuito legal coloca aos mesmos perante uma eleição de caráter ético e político.The justice department of the Distrito Federal, Brazil (the municipality of Brasilia, the capital of Brazil is transacting the implementation of the american model of drug courts. In this penal model, consumers of illegal drugs are under the obligation of treating their supposed disease, diagnosed in magistrate's court by a judiciary authority. A refusal to the treatment implies in legal punishment. We used critical discourse analysis as the methodology to analyse the documents that describe and justify these policies. With hermeneutical criteria this methodology tries to point out the ideological characteristics of the texts and discourses and relates them with greater discourse formations. These policies of compulsive treatment of drug users results in penalizing the drug users themselves, placing them under the double stigma of being sick persons as well as criminals. These initiatives have a relationship with the denominated "zero tolerance" policy that tries to incriminate social groups and particular subjective types. The Justice's increasing demand of mental health professionals to become members of this legal circuit places them amid an ethical and political challenge.

  20. Proyecto constructivo de las obras de protección y/o encauzamiento para el proyecto PLISA

    OpenAIRE

    De Sicart Xiberta, Alvaro-Carlos

    2013-01-01

    San Antonio es una comuna chilena que cuenta con uno de los puertos con mayor potencial del país, con intención de transformarse en el puerto número uno de Chile. El estudio de demanda muestra la inminente saturación de la capacidad de gestión de TEUs del puerto. La Empresa Portuaria prevé la ampliación de las instalaciones del mismo puerto. Además, se constata que al sur del puerto, existe una zona morfológicamente plana, sin accidentes topográficos, que presenta evidentes ...

  1. Index of Suspicion Case Report 16 y/o Boy with X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy Presented as Degenerative CNS Disorder

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Phalen, James

    2004-01-01

    .... Cognitive testing at age 13 showed a full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ) of 80. On physical examination, the boy is of average height, but thin with a body mass index of 17.5 (5th percentile...

  2. Performance of mesh seam welds in tailor welded blanks; Terado blank yo mash seam yosetsubu no tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uchihara, M; Takahashi, M; Kurita, M; Hirose, Y; Fukui, K [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Formability, fatigue properties and corrosion behavior of mash seam welded steel sheets were investigated and the results were compared with laser weld. The stretch formability of mash seam weld and laser weld were same level. Mash seam weld however, showed slightly smaller formability in hole expansion test. The fatigue strength of mash seam welds was lower than that of laser welds in case of differential thickness joints. Corrosion was apt to initiate at weld in both mash seam and laser weld with E-coat. The corrosion resistance of welds was improved by using zinc coated steel. 3 refs., 14 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Parasitosis intestinales en Argentina: Principales agentes causales encontrados en la población y/o en el ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Juarez, Maria Mercedes; Rajal, Verónica Beatriz

    2015-01-01

    Las parasitosis intestinales se encuentran ampliamente distribuidas en el mundo, con mayor prevalencia en los países en desarrollo. Principalmente afectan a los niños en los que además provocan disminución del desarrollo físico y mental; situación que puede potenciarse enormemente cuando se suma a un estado nutricional deficiente. La Organización Mundial de la Salud las considera una de las principales causas de morbilidad, estrechamente ligada a la pobreza y relacionada con inadecuada higien...

  4. "Defensa de Palamedes por él mismo": pluralidades del "yo" que enuncia en la etopeya gorgiana

    OpenAIRE

    Ivana Selene Chialva

    2016-01-01

    La Defensa de Palamedes por él mismo de Gorgias es un texto ficticio de apología judicial, exponente del género epidíctico, escrito aproximadamente en el año 411 a.C. La condición retórico-escolar del texto está dada en el título ya que constituye un recurso avant la lettre que, en los Progymnásmata de época imperial, será definido y enseñado bajo el nombre de un ejercicio particular: etopeya (o prosopopeya), i.e. un discurso apropiado para un personaje, histórico o ficticio, escrito en prime...

  5. Gobierno de las leyes y/o gobierno de los ciudadanos. ¿Hay compatibilidad entre republicanismo y democracia liberal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinzani, Alessandro

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to discuss the renaissance of the republican tradition in the last years - particularly thanks to authors like Quentin Skinner, Maurizio Viroli and Philip Pettit. The paper takes into account the main elements of this tradition, i.e.: (1 the concept of republic itself, (2 the central role of civic virtues, (3 the republican concept of liberty, (4 the idea of the rule of law. Firstly, these four elements will be shortly analyzed, while some historical and theoretical problems will be emphasized. Then, the position of republican authors (both classical and contemporary ones will be compared to the liberal-democratic tradition, which constitutes the main aim of their critics. Finally, a further tradition (that neorepublicans leave -curiously enough- aside will be introduced: constitutionalism.

    Este ensayo se ocupa de discutir el renacimiento de la tradición republicana en los últimos años, particularmente gracias a pensadores como Quentin Skinner, Maurizio Viroli y Philip Pettit. Se aborda esta tradición en sus principales elementos constitutivos, a saber: 1 el concepto de república propiamente dicho; 2 el papel central de las virtudes cívicas; 3 la concepción republicana de libertad; y 4 el concepto de gobierno de las leyes. Se desarrolla, en primer lugar, un breve análisis de estos cuatros elementos, al mismo tiempo que se ponen en evidencia algunos problemas históricos y teóricos. A continuación, se compara la posición de los teóricos republicanos, tanto clásicos como contemporáneos, con la propia de la tradición liberal-democrática, que, para aquéllos, constituye el principal blanco de esta polémica. Finalmente, se introduce una nueva corriente de pensamiento que los neo-republicanos dejan, curiosamente, de lado: el constitucionalismo.

  6. "Aunque lea poco, yo sé que soy listo". Estudio de caso sobre un adolescente que no lee literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Aliagas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Exploramos con un estudio de caso la lectura como práctica social en la vida de un adolescente que acaba de abandonar los estudios en 1º de Bachillerato. Desde el prisma teórico de los Nuevos Estudios de Literacidad, analizamos su punto de vista y sus creencias sobre las prácticas lectoras dominantes y vernáculas en las que participa, dentro y fuera del Instituto. A pesar de su fuerte desinterés por la lectura académica, nuestro informante ha construido una vida lectora variada y activa al margen de la escuela.

  7. Aprendizaje cooperativo de la creatividad publicitaria a través de anuncios audio y/o visuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Muela Molina

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los principales problemas detectados en la enseñanza de la creatividad publicitaria es el gran desconocimiento que tienen los estudiantes sobre este sector profesional. Así, desde la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos se ha desarrollado un proyecto de innovación docente basado en el aprendizaje cooperativo con el objetivo principal de que los alumnos adquieran un mayor conocimiento de las empresas, profesionales y anuncios más creativos realizados en España a la vez que ponen en práctica competencias y habilidades que les serán requeridas en su futuro profesional. Para ello, se aplicó la técnica puzzle de Aronson y la prueba del test-retest.

  8. Educación para el manejo y control del asma infantil. Proyecto: "Yo controlo mi asma"

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Masot, Raquel

    2016-01-01

    El asma bronquial es una enfermedad respiratoria crónica común en la infancia. En España afecta sobre todo en la costa noroeste atlántica. Los niños asmáticos deben saber cómo manejar y controlar su enfermedad. Por lo tanto, la educación sanitaria dirigida a esta población infantil es esencial. Por eso, se ha elaborado una intervención educativa basada en actividades didácticas, de participación y cooperación con el fin de mejorar la independencia del niño frente a su asma así como su control...

  9. Yo (él en “Muerte sin fin” de Gorostiza: la sustancia y la forma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Castaños

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículoexpone una lectura analítica de un poema de José Gorostiza sobre el cual han hablado y escrito mucho y con gran admiración los escritores y los académicos en México. Se trata de un poema que Octavio Paz, para sintetizar su contenido y aprehender su constitución, identificó como “reloj de cristal de roca”. Ésta es, quizá, la obra más importante del llamado grupo de los Contemporáneos, que, en su estética y en sus actitudes públicas, se opuso a la degradación y al abuso de lo nacional en la cultura de estado del régimen postrevolucionario de nuestro país, y al hacerlo abrió a los intelectuales horizontes de independencia frente al poder gubernamental.

  10. "Yo ya no soy un niño" // “I’m not a child anymore”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Augusto Sánchez Taborda.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The current text is based on the preliminary ideas of the research El niño homicida: un estudio psiconalítico. (The murderer child: a psychoanalytic study. Its content recreates the hypothesis of what could happen to the individual if the Freudian latency is cut, limited or disappeared; that is, it presents this question of theoretical order which already seems a reality confirmed in many phenomena and signs of contemporary violence. In depth, however, such possibility becomes an ethic questioning to the Other of our time which repeatedly seems to avert its sight from this phenomenon of murder when it comes up linked to the responsibility of a child. // El presente texto se constituye con las ideas preliminares de la investigación El niño homicida: un estudio psiconalítico. Su contenido recrea la hipótesis de lo que podría ocurrir en el sujeto si se recorta, acota o desaparece la latencia freudiana; es decir, deja abierto este interrogante de orden teórico que parece ya una realidad constatada en muchos fenómenos y manifestaciones de violencia contemporánea. En el fondo, sin embargo, dicha posibilidad se traduce en un cuestionamiento de carácter ético al Otro de nuestro tiempo que reiteradamente parece apartar la mirada a éste fenómeno del homicidio cuando emerge ligado a la responsabilidad del sujeto infantil.

  11. Electrode of solid state polymer electrolyte type electrochemical cell; Kobunshi kotai denkaisitsugata denki kagaku seru yo denkyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, M [Yamanashi, (Japan); Inoue, M [Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-04-12

    The solid state polymer electrolyte type electrochemical cell (PEMFC) has such problem that the gas diffusion from the resin surface to the catalyst surface is prevented when the coating thickness of cation exchange resin on the catalyst particle and the number of micropores which conduct the gas flow in the catalyst layer are reduced. Resultingly, a sufficiently large current cannot be taken out of the cell. This invention solves the problem. The catalyst layer of electrode of PEMFC consists of a mixture of the conductive catalyst carrier coated with cation exchange resin and the conductive carrier coated with fluorinated hydrocarbon polymer. Adding the water repellent material to the electrode in this way improves the air-passing porosity. As for the cation exchange resin, perfluorocarbon sulfonate or perfluorocarbon carboxylate can be used. For the fluorinated hydrocarbon polymer, fluorinated polyethylene is preferably used. 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Yo me capacito, tú te capacitas... pero ¿qué es lo que nos queda?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Cecilia Herrera C.

    1990-05-01

    Full Text Available La capacitación de los docentes en ejercicio del departamento de Antioquia e impacto de los talleres pedagógicos como estrategia de formación. Guillermo Londoño, César Velásquez, Idilio Urrero, Gabriela Cadavid. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, 1988, 118 págs.

  13. FY1995 optoelectronic devices and circuits for terabit class network; 1995 nendo terabit kyu network yo hikari denshi device kairo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The necessary technology realizing Terabit class optical network is the signal multiplexing both in temporal and spectral domains. Controllability of ultrafast optoelectronic systems is therefore the priority issue. Specifically we chose semiconductor lasers as the key devices. The methodology for performance improvement and the creation of novel functionality are investigated. Firstly compression of semiconductor laser pulse reached the world record of 65 femto second. Secondly a proposal was made to control mode locked semiconductor lasers via subharmonic synchronization and a substantial phase noise reduction was demonstrated. Thirdly a new technology was developed to realize broadband anti-reflection coating on semiconductor laser amplifier facet, bringing about significant performance improvement. To compensate the dispersion induced signal distortion a broadband semiconductor laser amplifier four wave mixing was analyzed and also demonstrated experimentally. (NEDO)

  14. Recent progress in fan and compressor for aeroengine. Koku engine yo fan asshukuki no saikin no gijutsu shinpo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saito, Y [National Aerospace Lab., Chofu, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-03-10

    As the main components of the aeroengine, the fan and compressor reach to extremely high level stage technologically. Also at present when about 50 years passed after the jet engine was applied in practice, however, an effort for a modification is being continued, and furthermore even in the 1990s, the engines that adopted the new technologies are in succession being put in practical application. New engines in the 1990s are being applied in practice by adopting the study results on fan and compressor from the 1970s to the 1980s. Because, which way the future fan and compressor of the aircraft will go to has a relation with an aircraft trend from now on, and even in the 2000s the high subsonic speed aircrafts will be a center of the private air planes. The engine of high subsonic speed aircraft in the next generation will become an ultrahigh bypass ratio engine, the thrust efficiency is raised and noise is lowered, by lowering a fan pressure ratio and by increasing an air flow quantity compared with the current high bypass ratio turbofan engine. 16 figs.

  15. Research and development of cooled turbine for aircraft engines. Koku engine yo reikyaku turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maya, T; Yamawaki, S [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries, Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-05-01

    For the turbine which is one of the principal elements of aircraft engine, progress in turbine use material development and cooling performance further heightened for the turbine are needed to grapple with the required heightening of turbine inlet temperature. In the present paper based on the turbine inlet temperature designed to be 1600[degree]C as a target, a two-dimensional model used for the turbine cooling performance test was structurally given together with the result of the above test which aimed at confirming the design calculation. As a result of cooling design for the turbine which was about 1600[degree]C in inlet temperature, the highest gas temperature was 1890 and 1470[degree]C on the stator blade and rotor blade, respectively. Both those blades were 0.66 and 0.62, respectively in cooling efficiency. To test the cooling performance, a two-dimensional cascade was tested with a doubly amplified model of cooling blade, the use of which could set its Reynolds number near that of the actual one. As compared with the actual operation, the test was made at low temperatures of 400 to 500[degree]C and low pressures of 0.02 to 0.03MPa. The test agreed with the design calculation in result. 4 refs., 8 figs.

  16. Study of nozzle deposit formation mechanism for direct injection gasoline engines; Chokufun gasoline engine yo nozzle no deposit seisei kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinoshita, M; Saito, A [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs., Inc., Aichi (Japan); Matsushita, S [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan); Shibata, H [Nippon Soken, Inc., Tokyo (Japan); Niwa, Y [Denso Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Nozzles in fuel injectors for direct injection gasoline engines are exposed to high temperature combustion gases and soot. In such a rigorous environment, it is a fear that fuel flow rate changes in injectors by deposit formation on nozzles. Fundamental factors of nozzle deposit formation were investigated through injector bench tests and engine dynamometer tests. Deposit formation processes were observed by SEM through engine dynamometer tests. The investigation results reveal nozzle deposit formation mechanism and how to suppress the deposit. 4 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Development of combined brake system on front and rear brakes for scooter; Scooter yo zenkorin rendo brake system no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okazaki, Y; Itabashi, T; Shinohara, S; Honda, Y [Honda R and D Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Scooters need appropriate front and rear wheel braking power distribution and each of front and rear brakes have been operated using right and left levers. This time, a low cost brakes with cable type combined brake system for small size scooter and a brakes with hydraulic type combined brake system for middle size scooter have been developed to obtain appropriate front and rear wheel braking power distribution. Both systems use convenient left lever to operate. 3 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Recovering from "Yo Mama Is so Stupid": (En)gendering a Critical Paradigm on Black Feminist Theory and Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brock, Rochelle

    2011-01-01

    This article offers an analysis of the dozens using Black feminist theory. The dozens are a ritualized verbal game of insults that historically have used sexual offenses against Black women as the vehicle for insults. Rather than simply viewing the dozens as a cultural phenomenon, the article draws a connection between its occurrence in West…

  19. App yo embarazo, una nueva forma de facilitar información a la gestante y su pareja

    OpenAIRE

    Amores Camacho, Sergio José; Ramírez Martínez, Elisa Isabel; Rodríguez Blanco, Noelia; Cazorla Amorós, Eduardo; Naranjo Fernández, Marta; Soriano, María Josefa

    2017-01-01

    Comunicación oral presentada en el 3er Congreso Internacional de Comunicación en Salud (3ICHC), celebrado los días 19 y 20 de octubre de 2017 en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Los objetivos son mejorar los conocimientos y destrezas del cuidado de las gestantes, sus parejas y sus futuros recién nacidos, ofreciendo una información veraz, detallada y personalizada a las embarazadas y sus parejas

  20. Producción de leche en sistemas de pastoreo bio-sostenibles y/o bio-diversos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Milera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan resultados de diferentes sistemas de producción en los cuales se emplean plantas perennes leñosas como una vía para desarrollar la reforestación y con ella contribuir a recuperar la fertilidad del suelo, el hábitat de la fauna silvestre y la producción animal a través del pastoreo ramoneo. Una de las características de las leguminosas arbustivas y arbóreas es su alto valor nutritivo. Los contenidos de proteína del follaje fluctuaron entre 11.6 y 24.9% y con excepción de Bauhinia todas estuvieron por encima del 20%. La digestibilidad de la materia orgánica (DMO, por su parte, estuvo en el rango 50.7-77.1%, con el mejor resultado en la morera y el peor en la Erythrina. Los resultados alcanzados con las medianas densidades de arbóreas sobrepasan los 8 litros de leche por animal diariamente sin el empleo de riego ni agroquímicos, manejadas con animales mestizos del cruce Holstein-Cebú. La condición corporal se mantuvo con valores entre 3.2 y 3.3 desde el parto hasta los 240 días de lactancia, sin que se encontraran diferencias entre épocas. El hematocrito se caracterizó por tener valores entre 28.8 y 29.7 g/L durante el año; sin embargo, en el análisis por categorías productivas se encontró que las novillas a los 8 meses de gestación tuvieron un valor superior (30.9 g/L al que presentaron las vacas problemas (27.3 g/L. Los sistemas con alta densidad de arbustivas y manejo racional soportaron una alta presión de pastoreo y se alcanzaron producciones superiores a los 8 litros/vaca sin amamantamiento del ternero. Todo parece indicar que la limitante fundamental en estos sistemas es la energía. Para la extensión de los resultados se efectuaron estudios socioeconómicos en un municipio ganadero con el objetivo de movilizar la creatividad y desarrollar un sistema eficaz de capacitación para los productores, que contribuyera al entendimiento mutuo, con vistas a propiciar el desarrollo sostenible en las explotaciones ganaderas. Para ello se utilizó la metodología MARPS (Mapeo Analítico, Reflexivo y Participativo de la Sostenibilidad. En los resultados se observa que el nivel de sostenibilidad del municipio analizado se encuentra en valores intermedios; en los aspectos sociales, relacionados con la base productiva (empleo, ingresos, nivel de vida, los niveles son bajos con relación a los encontrados en Cuba, y aquellos relacionados con la salud, la educación y la organización social tienen estándares muy elevados. La tecnología de utilización de plantas perennes leñosas en las zonas ganaderas contribuyó a mejorar los niveles de producción; no obstante, para el éxito de su adopción es necesaria la aplicación de métodos y herramientas que permitan ejecutar estrategias de desarrollo sostenible de forma participativa

  1. High-precision analog circuit technology for power supply integrated circuits; Dengen IC yo koseido anarogu kairo gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamori, A.; Suzuki, T.; Mizoe, K. [Fuji Electric Corporate Research and Development,Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan)

    2000-08-10

    With the recent rapid spread of portable electronic appliances, specification requirements such as compact power supply and long operation with batteries have become severer. Power supply ICs (integrated circuits) are required to reduce power consumption in the circuit and perform high-precision control. To meet these requirements, Fuji Electric develops high-precision CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor) analog technology. This paper describes three analog circuit technologies of a voltage reference, an operational amplifier and a comparator as circuit components particularly important for the precision of power supply ICs. (author)

  2. El diario como el lugar de la experimentación en Donoso y Gligo. Las tensiones del yo escritor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Alejandra Fernández Arriagada

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Con la publicación de Correr el tupido velo (2009 se puede acceder a fragmentos del diario de escritor de José Donoso, mientras que Diario de una pasajera (1997 es el registro de los últimos años de vida de Ágata Gligo. Estos textos autobiográficos son entendidos por los mismos escritores como parte de su obra, hay en ellos una intimidad que se sabe saldrá a la luz, a la vez que una necesidad por llevar a cabo su escritura. En el caso de Gligo, ella recibe el mandato del mismo Pepe Donoso de llevar un diario para hacer frente a su sequia narrativa y la cercanía de la muerte. Por su parte, el novelista es sumamente prolífico en la escritura de estos, consolidándolos como un lugar para el desahogo de sus temores e inseguridades. Alberto Giordano propone que escribir sobre si mismos les da a los escritores la posibilidad de conocerse y desconocerse, en síntesis, crear su propia figura, por lo que la escritura de la verdad pugna constantemente con el oficio irrenunciable del contar. Ambos además aprovechan este espacio para la reflexión metatextual sobre su propia obra y la de sus contemporáneos, que son nombrados constituyendo el gesto doble de crítica y posicionamiento/construcción de un campo cultural.

  3. Hybrid Identity in Academic Writing: "Are There Two of Me?" (Identidad híbrida: "¿hay dos yo?")

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Troy; Lengeling, Martha; Mora Pablo, Irasema; Heredia Ocampo, Rocío

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the construction of identity in an academic learning environment in Central Mexico, and shows how identity may be linked to non-language factors such as emotions or family. These issues are associated with elements of hybrid identity. To analyze this we draw on language choice as a tool used for the construction of identity and…

  4. Utopía y/o revolución: una nueva visión del urbanismo

    OpenAIRE

    Soleri, Paolo

    2010-01-01

    El autor reflexiona acerca de la relación entre el sistema urbano y el individuo, considerando dos puntos: La legitimidad de la ciudad tiene su origen en la naturaleza del hombre (de la vectorialidad de la vida); La ciudad debe descubrir su propia morfología dentro de la disciplina que gobierna todo fenómeno físico, biológico y mental. Traducción de Edelweis Paccioiti de González.

  5. Improved methods for binding acma-type protein anchor fusions yo cell-wall material of micro-organisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenhouts, Cornelis; Ramasamy, R.; Steen, Anton; Kok, Jan; Buist, Girbe; Kuipers, Oscar

    2002-01-01

    The invention provides a method for improving binding of a proteinaceous substance to cell-wall material of a Gram-positive bacterium, said substance comprising an AcmA cell wall binding domain or homolog or functional derivative thereof, said method comprising treating said cell-wall material with

  6. Development of high strength steel sheets for crashworthiness; Shototsu anzen`yo kokyodo usu koban no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fukui, K; Yamamoto, M; Mizui, N; Hirose, Y; Kojima, K [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. Osaka (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    For frontal or rear members of automotive body, the most suitable high strength steel was investigated. Dynamic tensile test at strain-rate of 2000/s and crash test of hat-shape column at 4m/s were conducted for steel sheets with tensile strength ranging from 290 to 980 MPa. Dynamic tensile strength increases with increasing static one but the ratio of dynamic tensile strength to static one decreases. Tensile strength remarkably affects crash energy absorption of column and TRIP steel is superior to other steels with same tensile strength. 7 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

  7. YO SOY: EXPECTATIVAS, IMAGINACIÓN Y REALIDAD EN LA RELACIÓN PROFESOR-ALUMNO EN LA UNIVERSIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Loyola

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente artículo aborda la importancia de comprender el rol de la conciencia de uno y la del Otro como elemento fundamental dentro de la dinámica del proceso de enseñanza – aprendizaje, centrándose específicamente en los casos de alumnos adultos que trabajan. A partir de este marco, se propone un modelo que consta de cinco fases: reconocer, identificar, validar, responder y partir. Estas etapas se encontrarían presentes en toda relación docente – alumno situada en el contexto del curso que ambos construyen, sugiriéndose que el éxito o fracaso de la misma podría impactar directamente en los resultados del proceso de aprendizaje. ABSTRACT: This article covers the importance of understanding the conscience of oneself and the conscience of the other as a fundamental element within the dynamics of interaction of the teaching-learning process, specifically focusing on the case of adult students who work. Starting from this framework, the article proposes a five phase model: to recognize, to identify, to validate, to respond and to part. These phases will be present in every teacher-student relationship in the context of the course that they build together, suggesting that the success or the failure during its transition could directly impact the results of the learning process.

  8. Arte y/o violencia: debates y reflexiones desde el arte y sus víctimas

    OpenAIRE

    León Galarza, Soledad Valentina

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesis aborda una descripción del arte abyecto, incluyendo obras y artistas, con especial atención hacia aquellas expresiones que implican agresión hacia los animales. Se profundiza en la búsqueda de sus raíces psíquicas, sociales, políticas y culturales, así como su efecto en los mismos ámbitos. En particular, interesa analizar la instalación de la violencia como una práctica artística aceptada, y la participación y responsabilidad de los artistas en este proceso, así como la disolución ...

  9. Development of ceramic roller bush for diesel fuel injection pump; Nenryo funsha pump yo ceramics sei roller bush no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noda, K; Kamiya, S; Fujimura, M; Tsuzuki, M [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan); Taniguchi, K [Denso Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Silicon nitride ceramics have been applied to roller bush for diesel fuel injection pump in order to improve the seizure resistance. It was found that ceramic roller bush made it possible to improve the seizure load by more than three times as compared to conventional metal roller bush when the kerosene was used as lubricant The ceramic roller bush proved to be durable under engine operating conditions. 6 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Prácticas tuteladas y/o estancias de farmacia: ¿penúltima ocasión perdida?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariño Hernández EL.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Se pretende hacer, de la manera más objetiva posible, un recorrido histórico de lo que fue y está siendo la asignatura de mayor carga lectiva de los estudios de farmacia en los prácticamente últimos 30 años, con inclusión, en ocasiones, de la opinión personal por haber sido muy directa la experiencia en este tema. De igual manera se pretende recordar también la esencia misma de esta asignatura existente por imperativo de la Unión Europea, así como cuáles fueron también y son sus razones de ser, explicando algunos conceptos que a pesar de ser antiguos aún siguen suscitando cierta polémica. De esta manera superando incluso lo que actualmente es la realidad diversa y variada de esta asignatura a nivel de España, se contempla la propia evolución de las directivas europeas, desde las iniciales del año 1985 hasta las actuales del 2013 y las modificaciones que estas últimas incluyen, que esperamos se tengan en cuenta para su posterior implementación en los cambios de los planes de estudios del graduado en Farmacia que normativamente deben actualizarse tras el proceso de renovación de la acreditación.

  11. Persistencia y/o transformación de tricotecenos durante algunas etapas del procesamiento de trigo

    OpenAIRE

    Samar, María Margarita

    2003-01-01

    La finalidad del presente trabajo fue obtener informaciónsobre la persistencia y / o transformación de tricotecenos durante algunas etapas de procesamiento del trigo para contribuir a la estimación de la exposición como consecuencia de la ingesta de alimentos elaborados con trigo potencialmente contaminados por tricotecenos en la Argentina. Las tendencias identificadas en los métodos analíticos para la determinación de tricotecenos, durante los años 1990-2000 en diferentes partes del mundo, m...

  12. Materiales de construcción sostenibles y/o alternativos: base de datos generada con una plataforma cooperativa digital

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Checa, José Ramón; Cristini, Valentina; MADRIGAL ALBERTOS, PATRICIA

    2011-01-01

    [ES] El uso de la web social 2.0 y sus múltiples herramientas ayudan a la adquisición de recursos y habilidades relacionadas con el nuevo enfoque de las enseñanzas de Arquitectura. El presente trabajo, muestra la experiencia en el empleo de una herramienta, la Wiki, en la docencia de la asignatura de materiales de construcción, de la ETSAV. Una Wiki básicamente es un tablero virtual donde un grupo determinado de miembros aportan información de una manera coordinada, so...

  13. Avances en nutrición molecular: nutrigenómica y/o nutrigenética

    OpenAIRE

    Marti, A. (Amelia); Moreno-Aliaga, M.J. (María Jesús); Zulet, M.A. (María Ángeles); Martinez, J.A. (José Alfredo)

    2005-01-01

    La aplicación de las técnicas de la biología molecular y el éxito del Proyecto Genoma Humano ha abierto una nueva era tanto en Medicina como en Nutrición. Hasta la fecha, al menos, 1.000 genes humanos causantes de enfermedades han sido identificados y parcialmente caracterizados, el 97% de los cuales sabemos ahora que son causantes de enfermedades monogénicas. Sin embargo, otras patologías como la obesidad, enfermedad cardiovascular, diabetes, cáncer se deben a complej...

  14. Evaluation report on the research and development of automatic sewing systems; 'Jido hosei system' no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    A comprehensive evaluation is made upon completion of the automatic sewing system research and development project. The project aims to achieve a 50% increase in productivity through effective use of a multiple-product/small-amount production scheme in small and medium sewing industries. The intelligent cloth inspecting machine (prior to sewing) in a laser-aided cutting system is as competent as the currently used sewing mill inspection system, and the resultant data are effectively utilized in the cutting process. As for the cutter, it is demonstrated that it is more than two times higher in cutting speed than a currently used laser cutting system; that it is sufficiently accurate in avoiding parts with flaws and in pattern matching; and that it is reliable in complying with process information provided. As for the flexible sewing system, it is acknowledged that it correctly recognizes information attached to cut parts and that it joins them with flexibility in response to changes in the material, pattern, or size. As for the high-technology assembling system, satisfaction is found in its automated 3-dimensional sewing of parts received from the previous stage and in its flow of production. As for the 3-dimensional flexible press, the quality after finish is found satisfying. The said systems are integratedly operated, and it is found that the goal of the research and development has been achieved. (NEDO)

  15. Evaluation report on the design of solid catalysts for saving energy in petrochemical industry; Sekiyu kagaku no tame no sho energy gata kotai shokubai sekkei hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The aim is to improve on hydrocarbon oxidation which is a difficult reaction (analogous to combustion and having potential for heat generation or explosion, with restrictions therefore imposed on reaction conditions) by use of a catalyst supporting porous membrane. The fiscal 1999-2000 results are stated. In this effort, the target reaction is promoted by a catalyst supported by a porous membrane while combustion is controlled by the said porous membrane that separates oxygen and hydrocarbon from each other. Such a design was not available since a catalyst supporting inorganic membrane withstanding so high a temperature was difficult to prepare. Recently, however, a porous membrane with its pores regulated to microstructural dimensions was developed. The activity of a Pd membrane catalyst is evaluated in view of the degree of oxidation of propylene, cyclohexene, and benzene. It is then found that hydrogen that has passed the Pd membrane participates in the reaction. In a propylene oxidation test using a membrane type Ag/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst, it is found that acetone is generated and that oxygen after passing through the membrane participates in the reaction. Methods are studied for preparing a metal membrane in which the catalyst system comprises a catalyst supporting porous membrane and a Pd membrane. In the fabrication of metal membranes, a highly selective hydrogen permeable membrane is stably prepared by the thermal CVD (chemical vapor deposition) method. (NEDO)

  16. Environmental assessment of surfactant using aquatic microcosm system; Konuma no suiken seitaikei ni oyobosu kaimen kasseizai no microcosm system wo mochiita hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takamatsu, Y.; Matsumura, M. [University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba (Japan); Inamori, Y. [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba (Japan); Sudo, R. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1995-10-10

    Microcosm system was applied to assess effect of surfactants on aquatic ecosystem. Surfactants such as LAS and Soap were added to an aquatic flask-size microcosm consisting of four species of bacteria as decomposer, one species of ciliate protozoa (Cyclidium glaucoma), two rotifers (Philodina sp. and Lepadella sp.) and one aquatic oligochaete (Aeolosoma hemprichi) as predator, and a green alga (Chlorella sp.) and a filamentous blue-green alga (Tolypothrix sp.) as producer. In the system, NOEC (no observed effect concentration) of LAS was below 1.5mg{center_dot}l{sup -1}, whereas soap was below 30mg{center_dot}l{sup -1}. Microcosm test is a pertinent tool to assess the effect of surfactant on ecosystem because microcosm test makes it possible to evaluate the effect of surfactant from a viewpoint of the interaction of microorganisms, material cycle and energy flow. With these respects, microcosm test is useful environmental assessment method which can reflect aquatic ecosystem. 10 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Ecological effects assessment of anionic surfactant on aquatic ecosystem using microcosm system; Microcosm wo mochiita in ion kaimen kasseizai no suiken seitaikei ni oyobosu eikyo hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takamatsu, Y. [University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba (Japan); Inamori, Y. [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba (Japan); Sudo, R. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Kurihara, Y. [Ou Univ., Fukushima (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Matsumura, M. [University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba (Japan). Institute of Applied Biochemical

    1997-11-10

    Microcosm system was applied to assess effect of anionic surfactant (LAS) on aquatic ecosystem. Anionic surfactant such as LAS was added to an flask microcosm consisting of four species of bacteria as decomposer, one species of ciliate protozoa (Cyclidium glaucoma), two rotifers (Philodina sp. and Lepadella sp.) and one aquatic oligochaete (Aeolosoma hemprichi) as predator, and a green alga (Chlorella sp.) and a filamentous blue-green alga (Tolypothrix sp.) as producer, comparing with that of an natural lake model ecosystem derived from natural lake water. In the flask microcosm system and the natural lake model ecosystem, biodegradation rates of LAS were almost same and NOECs (no observed effect concentration) of LAS were also below 1.5 mg{center_dot} l{sup -1}. It was found that flask microcosm test could provide precise ecological effect assessment of LAS on number of microorganisms because the system showed higher reproducibility and stability than natural take model ecosystem. It was suggested that flask microcosm test was useful ecological effect assessment method which can reflect natural aquatic ecosystem. 10 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Survey on energy use evaluation systems; 1999 nendo energy shiyo hyoka system chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The present survey and study relate to the medium to long term policies for technological development of energy and environment related technologies, and are intended to develop a system that can evaluate the importance, feasibility, expected realization time, and expected cost of the technologies, including their synergetic effects. The survey and study are intended to provide clear guidelines for planning the technological development policies on which of the technological development should be promoted in what ways, based on the evaluation given by the use of the system. The report describes in Section 1 to adopt two types of approaches of a 'technology map' and a 'network chart evaluation system' to achieve the goal. Section 2, after describing the results of surveys on the past study cases of technology evaluation, describes that the present approach has new features that are different from conventional ones. Section 3 states the results of surveys on the basic technologies to prevent global warming, and shows cases of preparing maps that notice on energy flows. Section 4 relates to network chart evaluating methods. Section 5 describes the results of surveys that have been made in relation with chronological progress of the technological development, in preparation for surveys to be made in the coming fiscal years. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1998 research report on development, study and evaluation of tribo-materials; 1998 nendo tribo material no kaihatsu chosa hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Recently, needs for tribo-materials are on the increase for further energy saving and improvement of various functions and durability in various field such as less-fuel consumption car, new type Shinkansen, linear motor car, high-speed motor boat, various machines and tools, electronics, medical equipment and vitally adaptable material. This project researches and studies various properties required for tribo- materials for surface treated materials by ceramic and other material films, and clarifies the guidance and direction of the technology for creating tribo-materials by surface treatment and surface modification, through clarifying a friction/abrasion mechanism by collection of basic characteristic data and analysis of abrasion powders. This project is studying the marginal condition of film destruction for ceramic system vapor-phase deposited films, through studying the effect of mechanical properties of substrates, film surface treatment methods and film surface shapes on the marginal condition. (NEDO)

  20. Model experiments on imaging subsurface fracture permeability by pulsed Doppler borehole televiewer; Pulse doppler borehole televiewer ni yoru kiretsu tosuisei hyoka ni kansuru model jikken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inagaki, Y; Niitsuma, H [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-05-01

    This paper reports model experiments to evaluate flow rates of fluids passing through a fracture by using a Doppler borehole televiewer (DBHTV). A supersonic transducer disposed on a well axis transmits transmission pulses, and a transducer receives scattered waves generated by particulates in water and waves reflected on a well wall. This signal is applied with time gating to extract only the scattered waves from particulates in the vicinity of the well wall. Deriving spectra in the recorded Doppler signal obtains flow velocity components in the direction of the well radius. A model was made with a polyvinylchloride pipe with a diameter of 14.6 cm to simulate a well, to which an aluminum pipe with an inner diameter of 2 mm is connected to be used as a simulated fracture, and mud water is circulated in the pipe. The result of deriving a passed flow volume in this model by integrating flow rate distribution derived by using the above method to a predetermined range in the vicinity of the fracture showed a good proportional relationship with actual flow rate in the simulated fracture. 1 ref., 7 figs.

  1. Evaluation stationariness of triaxial seismic while drilling and detection of reflected wave; Kosei kussaku ni tomonau danseiha no sanjiku kaiseki ni yoru hiteijo hyoka to hanshaha no kenshutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, T; Asanuma, H; Niitsuma, H [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-05-01

    This paper reports a method to detect reflected wave components contained in an elastic wave caused in association with well drilling. Measurement was made on an elastic wave caused in association with well drilling in an experimental field by using a triaxial elastic wave detector disposed in a measurement well. Analyzing the particle motion tracks in the derived elastic wave signals (to derive the main axial direction of a three-dimensional hologram) revealed that oscillation direction of the signals changes non-steadily by time centering around the S-wave oscillation direction. In addition, a sound source position was estimated during the drilling. Existence probability of the S-wave signal in the non-steady continuous signals was estimated by handling the particle motion tracks stochastically. In addition, this existence probability was used as a weighting function for a correlative analysis to detect a reflected wave from directly reaching wave components in the non-steady continuous signals. Thus, improvement in reliability of reflected wave detection was attempted. Effectiveness of this method was endorsed by the field data. 3 refs., 7 figs.

  2. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on development of technology to evaluate reliability of petroleum refining facilities; 2000 nendo sekiyu seisei setsubi shinraisei hyoka nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 2000 in development of a technology to evaluate reliability of petroleum refining facilities. The development efforts were made mainly on analyses by simulation and neural net (NN) that utilize computers. In the high-temperature system facilities, the creep damage generation is governed by different factors including impurities. The evaluation on joint life requires simultaneous use of low temperature zone long-time test. Verification was made on application of non-destructive inspection, such as use of ultrasonic waves in the accelerated creep zone. Defect detecting capability was identified when an ultrasonic wave flaw detection model is used for buried piping. In the pulse eddy current flaw detection, a coil most superb in totality was selected by means of simulation, by which corrosion and wall thickness of piping and devices were detected from outside the sheathing materials. Development was made on a technology to diagnose and evaluate corrosion of tank in operation by using the AE method. The remaining life of transformers is determined by how seriously the coil insulating paper has been deteriorated, and furfural in the oil was found effective for the parameters. Particularly, application of the NN was revealed to be effective in estimating electric motor deterioration. A high-temperature sulfide corrosion rate estimating model was developed from the operation and measurement data of the facilities by applying the NN and TCBM. (NEDO)

  3. Estimation of hydrogen bondings in coal utilizing FTir and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); FTir to DSC wo mochiita sekitannai suiso ketsugo no teiryoteki hyoka no kokoromi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mae, K.; Miura, K. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-10-28

    With an objective to know coal condensation structure which has influence on coal conversion reaction, an attempt was made on quantitative evaluation of hydrogen bonding in coal. Using as test samples the VDC made from Taiheiyo coal swollen by tetralin and vacuum-dried, and its pyrolyzed char, DSC measurement and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT) were performed. An FT spectrum comparison revealed that the VDC swollen at 220{degree}C has the hydrogen bonding relaxed partly from the original coal. However, since the change is in a huge coal molecular structure restraining space, it has stopped at relaxation of the bonding energy without causing separation as far as free radicals. On the other hand, the DSC curve shows that the VDC has slower endothermic velocity than the original coal. In other words, the difference in heat absorption amounts in both materials is equivalent to the difference of enthalpy ({Delta} H) of both materials, which corresponds to the relaxation of the hydrogen bonding. Therefore, the {Delta} H was related to wavenumber shift of the FT spectra (which corresponds to change in the hydrogen bonding condition). By using this relationship, a method for evaluating hydrogen bonding distribution was proposed from an O-H contracting vibration change that can be measured by using the FT spectra and a thermal change that can be measured by using the DSC. 3 refs., 7 figs.

  4. Characterization of the various catalyst for solvent hydrogenation at 1t/d PSU; 1t/d PSU ni okeru kakushu yozai suisoka shokubai no seino hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kakebayashi, H.; Nogami, Y.; Inokuchi, K. [Mitsui SRC Development Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Aihara, Y.; Imada, K. [Nippon Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-28

    Performance of various catalysts for hydrogenation of recycle solvent was evaluated for the operation of NEDOL process 1 t/d process supporting unit (PSU). Distillate between 220 and 538{degree}C derived from the liquefaction of Tanito Harum coal was used as recycle solvent. Deactivation behaviors of catalysts were compared using a prediction equation of catalyst life, by which aromatic carbon index (fa) after hydrogenation can be determined from the fa of recycle oil before hydrogenation, reaction temperature, and total hydrogenation time. Total hydrogenation time satisfying the {Delta}fa, 0.05 before and after hydrogenation were 8,000, 4,000, and 2,000 hours for NiMo-based catalysts C, A, and B, respectively. Catalyst C showed the longest life. Used catalysts were also characterized. The catalyst C showed larger mean pore size than those of the others, which resulted in the longer life due to the delay of pore blockage. From measurements by XPS and EPMA, relative atomic concentration of carbon increased remarkably after the use for all of catalysts, which was considered to be due to the adhesion of hydrocarbons. Increase of metal atoms, such as Fe and Cr, was also observed due to the contamination of entrainment residues. Deactivation of catalysts was caused by the adhesion of hydrocarbons, and metallic compounds, such as Fe and Cr. 3 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

  5. Evaluation report on the development of ultra-solid lubricant with cluster diamond; Cluster diamond wo riyoshita kotai junkatsu fukugo zairyo no kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The fiscal 1998-2000 results of efforts to develop cluster diamond (CD)-diffused solid lubricant composite materials expected to exhibit excellent lubrication are stated. Since friction greatly affects machine life and energy efficiency, friction reduction is an important task. Very hard and microscopic CD was utilized for the achievement of a friction coefficient of 0.08. A manufacturing technology for molds 10nm or smaller was developed, which enabled the development of a gear not larger than 8mm. The success will enable the operation of micromachines in the absence of lubrication which is impossible at present. A CD-aided functional layer creation technology was also developed. It is expected that the development and practical application of micromechanisms will make rapid progress in the 21st century. Much is expected from the creation, and goods with the achievement applied thereto, of advanced technologies whereinto non-lubrication, functional layer creation, and excellent heat conductivity are incorporated. It is quite significant that, since CD is available in any field as far as light-load low-speed sliding conditions are satisfied, sliding parts will be improved and service life will be prolonged. (NEDO)

  6. Interim report on evaluation of research and development of manganese nodule exploitation system; Mangan dankai saiko system no kenkyu kaihatsu chukan hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-03-01

    This research and development project is aimed at development of the techniques which allow exploitation of manganese nodules occurring on deep sea bottoms (4,000 to 6,000 m deep) on a commercial scale, in order to secure stable supply of the non-ferrous metallic resource and improve general ocean development techniques. This project, established by the national project system, has been implemented cooperatively by the government, academic and industrial circles since 1981. Described herein are the interim results, summarized in the FY 1985. The targets of the phase for developing the individual techniques were set to develop the exploitation system design procedures, and to advance to the next phase by the end of FY 1985, where the consistent, integrated system is to be constructed and tested. The results obtained so far are satisfactory as a whole, both in the elementary techniques and their consistency. The simulations have been conducted, where various conditions are inputted to estimate the movement and exploitation characteristics of the system as a whole in the comprehensive ocean tests. It has been found that the nodule-collecting machine shows nonlinear tracking characteristics (i.e., movement different from that of the exploitation ship), and unsteady movements (i.e., repeated movements of rapid starting and stopping). (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1997 report on the introductory study. Human behavior recognition evaluation technology; 1997 nendo sentan kenkyu hokokusho. Ningen kodo ninchi hyoka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Importance of the human behavior technology was paid attention to to get true safety and comfortableness of life through adaptability of products/systems to all humans. In consideration of the social and technological background, the human behavior recognition evaluation technology avoids economic/social losses caused by accidents and troubles and also provides the safe life environment for living people including the aged. Further, the gist of the project was proposed to make it clear that it can give a course of making things from a viewpoint of development of products dealing with individuals (personal fit) and can give new added values and contribute to heightening of international competitiveness at the same time. Development is made of technology of dividing concrete behavior patterns into types and also accumulating them in usable forms at the time of product design and in emergency and of technology of measuring all the time information on human behaviors in daily life without restrictions and on site. Supporting technology is developed for making the most of behavior information of users for product design and in emergency. Effects of the spread are also estimated. 76 refs., 13 figs., 9 tabs.

  8. Study on state grouping and opportunity evaluation for reinforcement learning methods; Kyoka gakushuho no tame no jotai grouping to opportunity hyoka ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, W.; Yokoi, H.; Kakazu, Y. [Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan)

    1997-08-20

    In this paper, we propose the State Grouping scheme for coping with the problem of scaling up the Reinforcement Learning Algorithm to real, large size application. The grouping scheme is based on geographical and trial-error information, and is made up with state generating, state combining, state splitting, state forgetting procedures, with corresponding action selecting module and learning module. Also, we discuss the Labeling Based Evaluation scheme which can evaluate the opportunity of the state-action pair, therefore, use better experience to guide the exploration of the state-space effectively. Incorporating the Labeling Based Evaluation and State Grouping scheme into the Reinforcement Learning Algorithm, we get the approach that can generate organized state space for Reinforcement Learning, and do problem solving as well. We argue that the approach with this kind of ability is necessary for autonomous agent, namely, autonomous agent can not act depending on any pre-defined map, instead, it should search the environment as well as find the optimal problem solution autonomously and simultaneously. By solving the large state-size 3-DOF and 4-link manipulator problem, we show the efficiency of the proposed approach, i.e., the agent can achieve the optimal or sub-optimal path with less memory and less time. 14 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. Fiscal 1998 survey report. Survey on method of environmental-impact assessment in wind power development; 1998 nendo furyoku kaihatsu ni okeru kankyo eikyo hyoka shuho chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With the purpose of preparing the main points of 'environmental-impact assessment guidelines for wind power developments (draft)', examples of environmental-impact assessments, related laws and regulations in Japan and abroad were collected, and rearranged in respect to requirements in environmental-assessments, concrete procedures, survey/projection/assessment method, summarisation of results, etc. It was clarified, for example; in a large-scale wind power development, it can be dealt with by choosing items and contents on the assumption that a land area is developed; in a small-scale development, there is basically no need of considering the possible effect of the construction work; and, as far as noise, vibration and the ecosystem (plants/animals) are concerned, however, the characteristics of the site be taken into consideration. Objects for general assessment are noise, low-frequency air vibration, radio wave interference, the ecosystem (plants and animals) and the landscape. The guideline draft is constituted of (1) basic items, (2) overview of the area, (3) determination of items for environmental-impact assessment and (4) research, prediction, assessment, conservation measures and follow-up research; in the basic items, importance of preliminary consideration was emphasized, as were priority/simplification, implementation of environmental conservation measures, and implementation of follow-up research. (NEDO)

  10. Toxicity evaluation of chlorinated organic compounds using immortalized rat hepatocytes; Fushika rat kansaibo wo mochiita yuki enso kagobutsu no dokusei hyoka no kokoromi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sone, H; Nakajima, M; Yonemoto, J [National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-11-10

    Chlorinated organic compounds has high priority for toxicity screening among environmental hazardous chemicals. In the present study, we used immortalized rat hepatocytes as a liver model in vitro to evaluate the toxicity of nine chlorinated organic compounds. Toxicity of nine chlorinated organic compounds were evaluated to cellular viability of immortalized rat hapatocytes. The potency of the toxicity based on 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value was in the following order: triclocalban>triclosan>3,4-dichloroaniline>2,5-diclorophenol> 2,5-dichloroanisole>p-dichlorobenzene> p-chloroaniline>o-dichlorobenzene=tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphate. The rank order of cytotoxic potency of nine chemicals was compared with toxicity information using animals. The rank order of cytotoxic potency did not relative to the order referenced mean lethal dose (LD50) as an index of acute toxicity of rats or mice. However, the rank order of cytotoxic potency relatively correlated non-observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) under the exposure duration adjusted for chronic toxicity in vivo. These data suggests that the origin of testing cell had better to make match target organ of toxic chemicals for extrapolation from data of bioassay in vitro to in vivo. 16 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  11. Report on evaluation/selection surveys on coal species, processes and others. Appendix; Tanshu process nado hyoka sentei chosa hokokusho. Furoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This report, consisting of 7 chapters, summarizes literature related to liquefaction of coal. Chapter 1 describes the results of the (Project Lignite), i.e., development of the concept of two-stage liquefaction of lignite. Chapter 2 describes the COSTEAM process, which uses synthesis gas (CO-H{sub 2}) as the reducing agent and coal moisture as the hydrogen source for liquefaction of coal of low degree of carbonization, e.g., brown coal. Chapter 3 describes solubilization of coal with alcohol, where coal is reacted with ethanol and NaOH at 300 to 420 degrees C. Chapter 4 describes liquefaction of coal and production of lighter products with tetrahydroquinoline as the hydrogen donor. Chapter 5 describes low-temperature carbonization as the process for liquefying coal, in particular brown coal. Chapter 6 describes possibility of development of new liquefaction techniques for brown coal, including solvolysis for liquefaction, role, recovery and reuse of catalysts, short contact time processes, and coal pretreatment. Chapter 7 describes economic viability of the secondary hydrogenation. (NEDO)

  12. Evaluation of water content in rock mass by electromagnetic and resistivity tomography. Denjiha, hiteiko tomography ni yoru ganban no gansui jotai hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inaba, T; Inoue, M; Matsumoto, K [Kajima Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1993-10-31

    As a method to evaluate the rock mass, electromagnetic tomography and resistivity tomography were tested on the original site. The electromagnetic tomography can tomographically analyze the propagation velocity and initial amplitude damping. The resistivity tomography uses a finite element method from the initial resistivity distribution model and finally gives a model which is nearly equal to the actual resistivity distribution. Both the above tomographic analyses can detect the crushed spot as a low velocity, high damping and low resistivity spot. However, the electromagnetic tomography could detect finer structure than the resistivity tomography. The water content of rock mass was evaluated from the damping coefficient which was given by the amplitude damping tomography of electromagnetic wave. If it is compared with the water content which is given by the dielectric constant of velocity tomography, there partially exists discrepancy between both, because the damping coefficient contains information on cracks which disperse and reflect the electromagnetic wave. Between the resistivity and porosity, there exists a known experimental formula, which was satisfied by the presently given resistivity. 9 refs., 10 figs.

  13. Report on evaluation concerning R and D of magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) generation. Introduction; Denji ryutai (MHD) hatsuden no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho. Soron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1984-03-01

    Evaluation was conducted concerning R and D on magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) generation, with proposals made for the future R and D. As a result of the experimental operation and studies of the Mark 7 machine for MHD generation, a cold wall type generation channel was found promising in the long-term durability under MHD generation conditions. In addition, R and D was conducted on the exhaust gas control system that fulfilled an environmental standard, seed recovery method, grasp of seed coagulation state, etc. The R and D on element technologies were carried out along with the R and D of the Mark 7 and played a role in the backup of its experiment. MHD generation presents a large number of attractive characteristics, with its development expected in the future. However, it seems too early to immediately move on to the next step. Examinations should be made on such matters as comparisons with various kinds of new power generation systems using coal, trends in foreign countries particularly the U-500 project of the Soviet Union, the ideal system for more efficient development, and possibility of international cooperation. (NEDO)

  14. Evaluation report on research and development of 'seawater purification and byproduct utilization'; 'Kaisui Tansuika to fukusanbutsu riyo' no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-03-01

    Research, development, and evaluation were made on seawater purification for the purpose of supplying inexpensive city water stably in the future. In the research of the high flow rate long-tube type multi-stage flash process, basic characteristics were identified by studying fluidity, heat transfer, deaeration, and decarburization by using a test plant with a capacity of 3,000 m{sup 3}/d. A number of findings were derived in carrying out demonstration studies by using a test module with a capacity of 100,000 m{sup 3}/d. Research on heat transfer pipe materials covered a wide area including copper alloys, titanium and aluminum alloys, and ferrous materials, where a prospect was obtained on materials which may be practically usable in the future as transfer pipes in large seawater purifying equipment. Research on a concrete evaporator body proved that it is more economical than steel evaporators, and has sufficient corrosion resistance even against high-temperature brine. Other activities included researches on effects of contaminated seawater, brine diffusion, byproduct utilization, and total systems. Social and economic evaluations were also performed. (NEDO)

  15. Examination of optimal data acquisition for evaluation of PV systems; Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka no tame no saiteki keisoku shuho no kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugiyama, H; Kurokawa, K [Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo (Japan); Otani, K; Tsuda, I [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    A 70 kW-class photovoltaic (PV) power generation system of the Tsukuba Research Cooperation Center, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology was evaluated using hourly measurement data. Hourly solar irradiation, mean PV module temperature, hourly array generated power, hourly PV system generated power were selected as the measurement items, to examine the validity of measurement method. Furthermore, based on these measurement data, the loss factors were estimated, which reduce the system efficiency. They included the losses due to the shadow effect, the deterioration of module efficiency with the raise of temperature, the mismatch of tracking control of the maximum power point, and the reduction of inverter efficiency with the input power phenomena. To estimate these loss factors from hourly measurement data, the system was evaluated by defining characteristic parameters. As a result, it was found that the main factors were the shadow effect and the mismatch loss, which reduce the mean annual output factor of the system to 65%. 3 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Hydrogen cracking susceptibility evaluation of buried steel pipe under cathodic protection. Cathode boshokuka ni okeru maisetsu kokan no suisoware kanjusei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamaguchi, Y.; Nonaka, H. (Osaka Gas Co. Ltd., Osaka (Japan)); Yamakawa, K. (University of Osaka Prefecture, Osaka (Japan). College of Engineering)

    1992-12-01

    An evaluation was given on effects of hydrogen on pipeline materials in order to determine a most base value in an optimal cathodic protection potential in cathodic protection of buried pipelines. Protection potentials were estimated from the relation between critical hydrogen amount and the potentials in marine clays and sodium acetate as electrolyte. The materials were evaluated using a strain rate tensile experiment method. The following results were obtained: The more base the potential, the elongation was somewhat less than the result in air, while the tensile strength increased slightly; difference in water content in soils varies the cross section contraction rate; the rate does not change in a marine clay containing water at 20%, but it decreases in a 30%-content soil; an SEM observation revealed pseudo cleavage faces; and the critical hydrogen amount that causes hydrogen cracking is 10 ppb, which corresponds to -1.4V in a marine clay containing water at 30%, and -1.2V at 14%. A loading experiment with actual loads verified that no fracture due to hydrogen cracking occurs even under an overprotection environment when a load imposed on an actual pipeline is kept constant. 16 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Evaluation report on the R and D of the membrane separation process introduction technology; Makubunri process donyu gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper reported the R and D of the membrane separation process introduction technology during a period of 1994 through 1998. The membrane separation technology is not associated with the phase change which requires large energy and expected to be an energy saving process. For the production of membranes required of high functions, the vapor deposition polymerization method was considered, and high order structure control of the membrane, control of adhesion and attachment, and control of orientation, and development of the high polymerization technology were required. For the high grade control of vapor polymerization, the substrate surface structure/quality were important. The molecular level analysis of the vapor deposition surface was also needed. Therefore, the paper took notice of STM (scanning tunneling microscopy), AFM (atomic force microscopy) and HREELS (high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy) as surface atomic/molecular configuration analysis technology, and designed/fabricated and studied the high resolving power and high sensitivity analysis equipment using the analysis equipment which combined HREELS and STM and the analysis equipment using SFG (sum frequency generation) which can detect signals in the low frequency region. Making full use of the highest technology, technology was able to be developed for substrate surface analysis and surface reaction analysis technologies which become the basis of the high performance separation membrane fabrication technology by the vapor deposition polymerization method indispensable for introduction of the membrane separation process. The technology can be the base applicable to a lot of fields where surfaces and interfaces are concerned

  18. Estimation of durability of GFRP laminates under stress-corrosive environments using acoustic emission; AE wo mochiita ouryoku fushoku kankyoka deno GFRP no taikyusei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujii, Yoshimichi. [Seikow Chemical Engineering and Machinery, Ltd., Hyogo (Japan). Laboratory of Composite Materials; Nishiyabu, Kazuaki. [Osaka Prefectural College of Tehcnology, Osaka (Japan)

    1999-05-15

    The objective of this investigation is to estimate the creep life of glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP) under stress-corrosive environments using acoustic emission(AE). The laminates were fabricated using combinations of vinylester resin (R806) and random fiber mat or woven cloth. The creep tests were conducted in 5% nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) environment. The AE depends on the loading level and the environment condition. For the creep test, the woven cloth reinforced specimens gave higher number of AE counts than the random mat reinforced specimens. The creep life decreased with increasing creep stress, whereas the rate of AE counts increased with increasing creep stress. A linear relationship was found between the creep life and the AE count rate. Using the proposed equation, a prediction of the creep life of GFRP under corrosive environments would presumably be possible. (author)

  19. Fault fracture zone evaluation using borehole geophysical logs; case study at Nojima fault, Awaji island; Kosei butsuri kenso ni yoru danso hasaitai no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, R; Omura, K [National Research Institute for Disaster Prevention, Tsukuba (Japan); Yamamoto, T [Geophysical Surveying and Consulting Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-22

    Ikeda, et al., in their examination of log data obtained from a borehole (2000m deep) drilled at Ashio, Tochigi Prefecture, where micro-earthquakes swarm at very shallow levels, pay special attention to porosity. Using correlationship between the porosity and elastic wave velocity/resistivity, the authors endeavor to find the presence of secondary pores, dimensions of faults, composition of water in strata in faults, and difference in matrix between rocks, all these for the classification and evaluation of fault fracture zones. In the present report, log data from a borehole (1800m deep) drilled to penetrate the Nojima fault (Nojima-Hirabayashi, Awaji island) that emerged during the Great Hanshin-Himeji Earthquake are analyzed in the same way as the above-named Ashio data, and the results are compared with the Ashio results. Immediately below the Nojima-Hirabayashi fault fractured zone, stress is found remarkably reduced and the difference stress quite small in size. This is interpreted as indicating a state in which clay has already developed well in the fault fractured zone ready to allow the occurrence of shear fracture or a state in which such has already occurred for the release of stress. 4 refs., 5 figs.

  20. Remote sensing data analysis for assessment of sea level change in Asia; Asia ni okeru kaisuijun hendo eikyo hyoka no tame no remote sensing gazo kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okubo, Y; Tanaka, A [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan); Kaku, M [Bishimetal Exploration Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-22

    Remote sensing images include information of coastal land division, sea level change such as sedimentary environment and vegetation, and distribution of artificial structures. Past sea level changes and their causes can be regionally obtained by analyzing these data and by integrating them with information obtained from geological survey. In this study, causes and history of past sea level changes, formation mechanism of coastal topography, and past sea level change survey in Thailand have been reviewed. This paper describes an extraction method of the sea level change information in coastal districts by analyzing several actual remote sensing images. For understanding the current sea level rise, it is required to clarify the causes quantitatively among three causes of sea level changes, i.e., volumetric change of total ocean water on the earth, relative sea level change due to the crustal deformation, and change of irregularity of sea surface with ocean current. It is also required to compile maps in Asian or global scales. 13 refs., 6 figs.

  1. Method of estimating time management of safety control of combustion. Nensho anzen seigyo no tame no jikan kanri No hyoka hoho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moroboshi, M. (Yamatake-Honeywell Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1993-12-01

    The results of investigating time management (permissible value of ignition time and prepurge time) for safety control of combustion relating to a combustor is reported. It is shown that the heating value of hydrocarbon-based fuel is determined by molecular weight irrespective of molecular structure and constant (11200kcal/kg) per unit weight; the heating value of mixture gas of theoretical mixture ratio is constant (1000kcal/m[sup 3]) indifferently of the kind of fuel; and that the product of the heating value of a fuel and the lower limit of its explosion limit is approximately constant (400-600kcal/m[sup 3]). Succeedingly it is shown based on these values that allowable ignition time is determined by the combustion chamber load (ratio of the maximum amount, 10[sup 4]kcal/h, of combustion to the volume of combustion chamber); the effect of dilution by exhaust lengthens it by only about 50%; and that the conventional criterion that the frequency of ventilation of prepurge should be 4-5 or that the minimum time of prepurge should be 30 seconds is appropriate. 6 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Evaluation report on research and development of a subsea petroleum production system; Kaitei sekiyu seisan system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-01

    In order to assure stable supply of oil and natural gas resources, and achieve enhancement in ocean development technologies in general, development has been made on the subsea petroleum production system (SBPPS), which is effective in ocean floor petroleum production from oil fields at great depths (300 m or deeper), and can be applicable to continental shelves and continental slopes around Japan. The SBPPS consists of four sub-systems of shafts, pipelines, manifolds, and riser and oil storage, whose basic development targets were established for the total system. The system was given a conceptual design for the total system, and the above four sub-systems were designed according to the conceptual design. The experimenting devices of each system were fabricated on a trial basis while fundamental studies are being made on component technologies, and experiments were performed to verify basic functions of the sub-systems. Developments were made on such operation technologies as the system operation technology, production control technology, safety control technology, and maintenance and repair technology required to operate the SBPPS. On-shore and general off-shore experiments were carried out to verify the functions of the experimenting devices of each system, the comprehensive functions and the operation technology. Comprehensive evaluation was given on the above achievements from the technical, economic and social viewpoints. (NEDO)

  3. Report on evaluation of research and development of resources recycling/reutilization systems. Phase 2; Shigen saisei riyo gijutsu system no kenkyu kaihatsu (dainiki) ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-08-01

    Described herein are the final evaluation results obtained by the 7-year R and D project, beginning in the FY 1976, established by the national project system for developing the techniques for treating urban solid wastes. This project has developed a semi-wet type selective crushing/sorting unit for sorting the wastes, and established the elementary techniques for recycling the wastes into various products, e.g., compost, pulp, combustible gases, aggregates, methane gas, or fuel oil. Two types of total treating systems, in which these elementary techniques are integrated, have been developed; one is to recover materials and the other energy. They can comprehensively, efficiently treat the wastes, adapting themselves to various situations. Pyrolysis which discharges reduced quantities of flue gases is adopted. Waste water is treated, mainly by biological treatment which is supported by the conventional methods, e.g., coagulation and adsorption. The cost estimation results indicate that the total system developed by this project can compare favorably with the conventional incineration system under general conditions, at a capacity of 300 t/d or more, when taking into consideration the secondary effects brought by the recycling/reutilization. This system is commercially feasible, when it meets with local characteristics, e.g., garbage collecting systems, market values of recycled resources, treatment/disposal conditions, and natural and social environments. This project has sufficiently achieved the original objectives. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report on research and development of optics-aided measurement/control system; Hikari oyo keisoku seigyo system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-03-01

    The project aims to establish technologies for putting the above-named system to practical use. Such a system will measure, transmit, and control, with safety and stability by use of optical technologies, industrial process related information to be generated in certain areas such as industrial complexes and very large plants, the information including images, temperatures, flow rates, constituents, etc. Total system evaluation was performed in demonstration tests for appropriateness conducted for 32 systems in fiscal 1980 and 10 systems in fiscal 1981. Studied in the development of element technologies are opto-electronic integrated circuits (OEIC), semiconductor laser devices, light-intercepting devices, optical transmission paths, dielectric light switches, and optical sensors. For OEIC, in particular, since it is believed to be the nucleus of an optical application system, an optical technology joint research office is established, where efforts center on the substrate crystal growth technology, process technology, and crystal/process evaluation technology. (NEDO)

  5. Study on the inside gas flow visualization of oxygen sensor cover; Kashika ni yoru O2 sensor cover nai no gas nagare hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hocho, S; Mitsuishi, Y; Inagaki, M [Nippon Soken, Inc., Tokyo (Japan); Hamaguchi, S; Mizusawa, K [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    In order to make clear the difference of the response time between the oxygen sensors with different protection covers, we visualized gas flow inside of sensor covers by means of two experimental methods: One is `Smoke Suspension Method` using liquid paraffin vapor as the smoke. With smoke suspension method, we detected the streamlines inside of the covers. The other is `Color Reaction Method` using the reaction of phenolphthalein and NH3 gas. With color reaction method, we confirmed the streamline inside of the cover and furthermore detected the difference of the response time of each sensor. 3 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Experimental analysis of the structure attenuation characteristics on engine noise by pseudo cylinder pressure excitation; Giji tonaiatsu kashin ni yoru engine kozo no soon tokusei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozawa, H; Nakada, T [Isuzu Advanced Engineering Center, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The engine structure attenuation has been experimentally analyzed by the newly developed in-cylinder excitation system. It can reproduce the complete cylinder pressure in non-running engine conditions by adopting the hydraulic and the piezoelectric actuator. The structure attenuation measured in this system has a good coincidence with the ones measured in actually engine operating conditions, meanwhile the current method, which applied only high frequency components as the excitation pressure, was shown to have the unsatisfied agreement. As a result, the proposed system has been concluded to be very useful to estimate the engine noise characteristics in non-running conditions. 4 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Assessment of global environmental impacts by utilizing methodology of LCA on solar water heater for dwellings; LCA shuho ni yoru taiyonetsu onsuiki no kankyo fuka hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamoshida, J [Shibaura Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan); Asai, S [Yazaki Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    CO2 emission was quantified through the life cycle of a solar water heater to assess its environment impact. Although LCA (life cycle assessment) originally sums up I/O of all materials and energy through the whole life cycle of a product to examine environment impact, this assessment was carried out for only CO2. Calculation of CO2 emission assumed a natural circulating solar water heater of 200 l in effective hot water capacity, 2.78m{sup 2} in effective collecting area, and 0.5 in average annual collecting efficiency of total solar radiation, and an auxiliary city gas heat source for compensating insufficient heat quantity. The total CO2 emission in the life cycle of a solar water heater was obtained from an industrial association table assuming the life cycles of 10 and 20 years. CO2 emission was estimated to be 5407.1kg-CO2 and 10665.2kg-CO2 for 10 and 20 years, respectively. CO2 emission due to city gas was largest in the total CO2 emission in the life cycle. As a result, for reduction of CO2 emission due to a solar water heater, improvement of equipment efficiency was most important. 6 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

  8. Characteristic on photovoltaic/thermal hybrid collector. Evaluation of excergetic theory; Taiyoko netsu hybrid collector no tokusei. Exergy ni yoru hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwawaki, H; Morita, Y; Fujisawa, T; Tani, T [Science University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    Described herein are characteristics of photovoltaic (PV)/thermal hybrid collectors (PV/Ts), in which a PV module is combined with a plate-shape solar heat collector to simultaneously produce electric power and heat. Their efficiency is assessed by exergy. The test results indicate that the PV/T system gives a 1.07 times higher exergy than the PV system, 86.3 versus 80.7kWh. In terms of energy, the optimum values (OVs) are 5, 44 and 37% lower than the measuring values (MVs) for electrical energy, thermal energy and total exergy. In terms of exergy, on the other hand, OV is 5% lower than MV for electrical energy, but 893 times higher for thermal energy and 1.26 times higher for total exergy. As a result, the exergy level is 26% higher than that of a system which generates power as the main product and heat as the auxiliary product. 3 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Development of Assessment Technology of Life Cycle Environment Impacts of Products; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Seihinnado lilfecycle kankyo eikyo hyoka gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    An inventory data collecting format is formulated, data collecting activities are launched through 23 industry associations and several investigatory agencies, and almost all the primary data are collected. All the inventory items are being rearranged into a convenient order, and efforts are under way to designate the association to be in charge and the method to be used for data collecting (the accumulation method, process model method). Problems about techniques in the veinous department are extracted. The flow of matters relating to various metals and glass after their use and the magnitude of their environmental impacts at the ultimate sites of treatment are understood though roughly. Investigations are conducted into typical formats overseas, a data arranging format is constructed, specifications are defined for a data inputting software program, and a request is placed with a dedicated dealer for the compilation of the said program. The architecture and specifications of an LCA (life cycle assessment) database system are determined, and its functions are undergoing an intermediate check by a research team for improvement. Endeavors are exerted at quantifying global warming, ozone layer depletion, biotoxicity, and photochemical oxidants for use as the basic data for damage evaluation. (NEDO)

  10. Evaluation of flux-trapping and magneto-resistibility of superconductors by ESR spectroscopy; ESR ho ni yoru chodendotai no jisoku hosoku to taijiba tokusei no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kusumori, T; Matsuura, K; Muto, H [National Industrial Research Institute of Nagoya, Nagoya (Japan)

    1995-09-28

    The abnormal sisal, which was observed in the ESR measurement of superconductors, was confirmed to be a non-ESR (non resonant) signal, from an ESR experiment applying parallel and vertically polarized microwave fields and from the calculation of the ESR transition probabilities. The field modulation dependence of the spectra revealed that the signal was composed of two components. From the modulation-scheme analysis and a study of type I and II superconductors, two components were assigned to the microwave responses to magnetizations trapped in the crystalline portion and at intergranular Josephson junctions. The former B and the batter J components are observed in the first derivative and absorption a form, respectively, and their polarities differently behave for the field sweep reversal. Based on these results, we have improved an ESR spectrometer, which makes it possible to measure separately two kinds of magnetization and to study the trapping ability and quantum flux. 11 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Economic evaluation on participation of IPP as seen from an electric power system; Denryoku system kara mita IPP sannyu no keizaiteki hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, F.; Horibe, H.; Hayakawa, M.; Suzuki, Y.; Kaji, Y. [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan)

    1997-01-30

    A discussion was given on value of participation of an IPP as seen from an electric power system operation plan prepared by utilities. In the discussion, evaluation was made using as the breakeven cost of IPP power purchase prices the difference in power generation cost between electric power systems in which an IPP is participating and not participating, or in other words, the reduced portion of the power generation cost. As a result of the discussion, the following matters were indicated: in the case where an utility company expands its capacity by installing a coal-fired thermal power plant which is lower in operation cost, to deal with increase in power demand, the breakeven cost could be an avoidable cost for the utility company; if the expansion by installing a coal-fired thermal plant is not possible, the breakeven cost for a base type IPP would rise; the breakeven cost for a peak type IPP would be higher than for the base type IPP because the breakeven cost can serve to cut the peak for generators owned by the utility company; and participation of an IPP to power sources in remote areas would provide a large effect to reduce power transmission loss in an entire system, thereby increasing the breakeven cost. 1 ref., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

  12. Method for evaluating environmental performance of technologies by using the interindustry relations table; Sangyo renkanhyo wo mochiita gijutsu no kankyosei hyoka shuho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hondo, Y. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-01-30

    This paper describes a proposal of a method for evaluating environmental performance of technologies by using the interindustry relations table, and the case studies thereof. This method is characterized in that it can evaluate two effects affecting the environment: structuring of capital facilities required in association with introduction of the technologies and the changes in social structures. As a parameter to compare the technologies considering these effects, a concept of life cycle limited emission amount was introduced. In the case studies, life cycle limited CO2 emission amounts from using seven kinds of technologies were calculated, and environmental performances of each technology were compared. The result indicated that introduction in Japan of coal, oil and LNG fired thermal power generation will increase CO2 emission amount from the whole society. Conversely, introduction of hydraulic, nuclear, photovoltaic, and wind power generation technologies will reduce the CO2 emission amount. It is pointed out particularly that hydraulic and nuclear power generation can minimize CO2 emission from structuring capital facilities, and is an excellent technology from a viewpoint of reducing CO2 emission from the society as a whole. 5 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Fiscal 1999 geothermal energy development promotion survey. Report on resource assessment for Shiramizugoe area; 1999 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa hokokusho. Shiramizugoe chiiki shigen hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Under an assumed plan of building a geothermal power station in the Shiramizugoe area of Makizono-cho, Aira-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture, investigations will be conducted under a 4-year program into the amount of geothermal resources, the dimensions and cost performance of a geothermal power station under consideration, and the environmental impact that the locating of such will incur, through for example identifying areas containing geothermal reservoirs suitable for geothermal power generation. In fiscal 1999, activities were conducted in the three fields of (1) survey plan preparation, (2) comprehensive analysis, and (3) environmental assessment. Under item (1), a survey and coordination implementation plan was prepared, existing data were analyzed for the construction of geothermal models out of which a suitable geothermal structure was specified for digging, and a list was drafted of locations for borehole digging for fiscal 2000. Under item (2), it was found that most of the past surveys covered the Ogiri area and that the Shiramizugoe area was but poorly covered. Discussion was made on the geological structure, geothermal structure, geothermal water hydraulic structure, and the geothermal water system. Under item (3), the plan was summarily explained to the local administration, associations of hot spring hotels, and inhabitants in the vicinity, and their consent was obtained. (NEDO)

  14. Leading research report for fiscal 1998. Life landscape performance evaluation technology (Landscape Frontier); 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Seikatsu keikan seino hyoka gijutsu (land scape frontier)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the formulation of guidelines for the construction of an appropriate landscape in the 21st century for the creation of 'landscape industry' in a sustainable society, researches were conducted for the development of landscape materials to constitute living circumstances equipped with 'life landscape' and of technologies for evaluating them. In the landscape designing system subcommittee, the current states and problems of landscape designing systems were analyzed and problems to solve were clarified, these problems involving systems and institutions, people and collaboration, formation of a consensus, systems for production and distribution, etc. In the landscape materials subcommittee, a 'landscape cell' concept in which a life space is the unit was employed in discussing the needs for landscape materials to meet and in extracting the seeds the industry was able to offer for improvement on landscape. In the landscape evaluation subcommittee, the history and today of landscape were reviewed to define what was to be respected in the development of evaluation techniques, and guidelines were extracted towards landscape materials development and landscape industry promotion. In addition, a Landscape Frontier symposium was held. (NEDO)

  15. Evaluation of wind noise in passenger car compartment in consideration of auditory masking and sound localization; Chokaku masking to hoko chikaku wo koryoshita kazekirion hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoshino, H. [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs., Inc., Aichi (Japan); Kato, H. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    Discussed is a method for evaluating wind noise in passenger car compartment based on human auditory characteristics. In the study, noise in the compartment of a passenger car travelling at a constant speed is collected by use of a dummy head, and the collected noise is analyzed in view of the masking effect, directional sensation produced by binaural hearing, etc. A masked spectrum of noise in the compartment of a 6-cylinder vehicle travelling at 120km/h is analyzed, and it is found that some frequency bands, especially the band centering on 300Hz, are masked by a loud noise component falling in a low frequency band of 180Hz or lower. By use of masked spectrum analysis, the level of noise that is actually audible to human ears can be calculated. The noise level thus determined by masked spectrum analysis and the noise direction determined by a binaural signal processing model are examined, and then it is found that the noise direction is clearly determined when the noise belongs in a 450Hz band or higher where wind noise prevails. On the bases of the above-mentioned results and the directional sensation produced by binaural hearing, a `binaural wind noise evaluation method` is compiled. 20 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Development of research activity supporting system. 2. Evaluation of desktop video conferencing; Kenkyu katsudo shien system no kaihatsu. 2. Enkaku kijo uchiawase hoshiki no jitsuyosei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsutsumi, F.; Hishitani, J.; Matsui, S. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-03-01

    Desktop video conferencing (DVC) system and its software were investigated. A test system was actually constructed. Based on the test results, its practical advantage and disadvantage were illustrated. The DVC system was constructed using general LAN, and operation experiments were conducted, as to research activity. From the interview with participants and analysis of conversation history, advantage and disadvantage of this system were clarified. Performance of the trial system was examined using practical LAN, to compare with the performance of commercial systems. When using LAN, the same problems were given. It was found that the DVC system can not substitute for the conventional real face to face meeting, but it is suitable for some communication styles, for example free participation meeting or collaboration based on the same objective, which has been hard up to this time. In addition, software was made as trial, by which reservation of meeting, announcement, and calling can be carried out. 26 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

  17. Fiscal 1992 report on geothermal development promotion survey (Development of geothermal reservoir assessment technique); 1989 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa (Chinetsu choryusou hyoka shuho kaihatsu hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    Efforts were exerted in fiscal 1984-1992 to develop techniques for appropriately assessing a geothermal reservoir for its productivity for duly predicting the optimum scale of power generation to be provided thereby. In the development of simulators, geothermal reservoir simulators (SING-1, -2, -3) and a geothermal well 2-phase flow simulator (WENG) were developed. As for the treatment of fractures in a reservoir and of substances soluble in the hot water, the methods for dealing with them were improved and augmented. In a model field study in a Hokkaido forest, reservoir pressure continuous observation and monitoring, temperature logging and pressure logging for existing wells, and geothermal fluid chemical analysis were performed for reservoir analysis, in which both natural state simulation and history mapping excellently reproduced the temperature and pressure distributions. The temperature and pressure distributions in a natural state simulation, out of the results of an analysis of the Oguni district model field, Kumamoto Prefecture, agreed not only with those in the natural state but also with the pressure transition data in the observation well. (NEDO)

  18. Evaluation report on research and development of an ultra-advanced processing system. 3; Chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-08-01

    This paper describes comprehensive evaluation on the following technologies as the ultra-advanced processing system: (1) large output excimer laser, (2) high-density ion beam, (3) an ultra-precision machining device, (4) ultra-advanced processing, (5) measurement and evaluation, and (6) comprehensive test. In the item (1), research and development was performed on such technologies as output increasing, output stabilization and beam formation, having achieved the targets. In the item (2), research and development was performed on such technologies as beam convergence, plasma control, ion transportation, high-frequency quadruple pole acceleration, and large-capacity class ion beam, having achieved the targets. In the item (3), research and development was performed on form creation and ultra-precision machining, having achieved the targets. In the item (4), research and development was performed on formation of high function thin films to apply the laser abrasion process to large area, ion surface modification, wide band area optics, high reflectance optics, ion injection, dynamic mixing, and modification of ultra high-grade metal surface, having achieved the targets. In the item (5), research and development was performed on high-accuracy roughness measurement, shape measurement, optical property evaluation, a wavelength meter, ultra advanced processing standard measurement, and environment correction technology, having achieved the targets. In the item (6), comprehensive demonstration was carried out on the component technologies. (NEDO)

  19. Coal structure construction system with construction knowledge and partial energy evaluation; Kochiku chishiki to bubunteki energy hyoka ni yoru sekitan bunshi kozo kochiku system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okawa, T.; Sasai, T.; Komoda, N. [Osaka University, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-10-28

    The computer aided coal structure construction system is proposed, and a computational construction example is presented. The coal structure construction engine of this system fabricates molecular structure by connecting fragments sequentially inputted through a user interface. The best structure candidate is determined using construction knowledge and partial energy evaluation every addition of one fragment, and this process is subsequently repeated. The structure evaluation engine analyzes the 3-D conformation candidate by molecular dynamics, and evaluates the conformation by determining the energy value of an optimum structure. As an example, this system was applied to construction of coal molecular structure based on the actual data of partial structure composed of 26 structures from 2l kinds of aromatic cluster structures, 27 bonds from 2 kinds of bridged bonds, and 16 groups from 2 kinds of terminal substitutional groups. As a result, this system could construct a superior structure according to expert knowledge from the viewpoint of energy. 6 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  20. Interim report on evaluation of research and development of manganese nodule exploitation system; Mangan dankai saiko system no kenkyu kaihatsu chukan hyoka chukan hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-05-01

    This research and development project is aimed at development of the techniques which allow exploitation of manganese nodules occurring on deep sea bottoms (4,000 to 6,000 m deep) on a commercial scale, in order to secure stable supply of the non-ferrous metallic resource and improve general ocean development techniques. This project, established by the national project system, has been implemented cooperatively by the government, academic and industrial circles since 1981. Described herein are the interim results obtained by the FY 1984. The bases for development of the elementary techniques have been established for the comprehensive ocean tests. Bright prospects have been obtained to achieve the objectives, although there are some problems remaining to be solved. Interfaces between the sub-systems are being reviewed mainly by the persons in charge of the total system. No problem is foreseen in consistency of the individual components. The movement and exploitation functions of the test system are simulated and validated in detail, to develop the total system. It has been found by the simulations that the nodule-collecting machine shows nonlinear tracking characteristics (i.e., movement different from that of the exploitation ship), and unsteady movements (i.e., repeated movements of rapid starting and stopping). (NEDO)

  1. Report on evaluation of research and development of superhigh-function electronic computers; Chokoseino denshi keisanki no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1973-02-20

    Described herein is development of superhigh-function electronic computers.This project was implemented on a 6-year joint project, beginning in FY 1966, by the government, industrial and academic circles, with the objective to develop standard, large-size computers comparable with those of the world's highest functions by the beginning of the 70's. The computers developed by this project met almost all of the specifications of the world's representative, large-size commercial computers, partly surpassing the world's machine. In particular, integration of the virtual memory, buffer memory and multi-processor functions, which were considered to be the central technical features of the computers of the next generation, into one system was a Japan's unique concept, not seen in other countries. The other developments considered to have great ripple effects are seen in LSI's, and techniques for utilizing and mounting them and for improving their reliability. Development of magnetic discs is another notable result for the peripheral devices. Development of the input/output devices was started to correspond to inputting, outputting and reading Chinese characters, which are characteristics of Japan. The software developed has sufficient functions for common use and is considered to be the world's leading, large-size operating system, although evaluation thereof largely awaits the actual specification results. (NEDO)

  2. Evaluation report on the research and development of automatic sewing systems; 'Jido hosei system' no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    A comprehensive evaluation is made upon completion of the automatic sewing system research and development project. The project aims to achieve a 50% increase in productivity through effective use of a multiple-product/small-amount production scheme in small and medium sewing industries. The intelligent cloth inspecting machine (prior to sewing) in a laser-aided cutting system is as competent as the currently used sewing mill inspection system, and the resultant data are effectively utilized in the cutting process. As for the cutter, it is demonstrated that it is more than two times higher in cutting speed than a currently used laser cutting system; that it is sufficiently accurate in avoiding parts with flaws and in pattern matching; and that it is reliable in complying with process information provided. As for the flexible sewing system, it is acknowledged that it correctly recognizes information attached to cut parts and that it joins them with flexibility in response to changes in the material, pattern, or size. As for the high-technology assembling system, satisfaction is found in its automated 3-dimensional sewing of parts received from the previous stage and in its flow of production. As for the 3-dimensional flexible press, the quality after finish is found satisfying. The said systems are integratedly operated, and it is found that the goal of the research and development has been achieved. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1998 survey report. Survey on method of environmental-impact assessment in wind power development; 1998 nendo furyoku kaihatsu ni okeru kankyo eikyo hyoka shuho chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With the purpose of preparing the main points of 'environmental-impact assessment guidelines for wind power developments (draft)', examples of environmental-impact assessments, related laws and regulations in Japan and abroad were collected, and rearranged in respect to requirements in environmental-assessments, concrete procedures, survey/projection/assessment method, summarisation of results, etc. It was clarified, for example; in a large-scale wind power development, it can be dealt with by choosing items and contents on the assumption that a land area is developed; in a small-scale development, there is basically no need of considering the possible effect of the construction work; and, as far as noise, vibration and the ecosystem (plants/animals) are concerned, however, the characteristics of the site be taken into consideration. Objects for general assessment are noise, low-frequency air vibration, radio wave interference, the ecosystem (plants and animals) and the landscape. The guideline draft is constituted of (1) basic items, (2) overview of the area, (3) determination of items for environmental-impact assessment and (4) research, prediction, assessment, conservation measures and follow-up research; in the basic items, importance of preliminary consideration was emphasized, as were priority/simplification, implementation of environmental conservation measures, and implementation of follow-up research. (NEDO)

  4. International cooperation project. Evaluation report on development of new oxidation and environment resistant materials for petroleum excavation; Sekiyu kussakuyo taisankasei taikankyosei shinzairyo no kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In order to enhance the environment and wear resisting performance of the bearing mechanism for petroleum excavation bits assuming use at a depth of 6,000 m, discussions were given on a cubic boron nitride based ultra-hard thin film and a Ti{sub x}M{sub 1-x}N based hard thin film as the new materials. This paper describes the evaluation report for the year 2000. It was found that the promising material is the Ti{sub x}M{sub 1-x}N. The practical applicability test would require a considerable amount of expense and insurance fee, while putting the material into practical use would take some more time. However, the achievements in developing this new material will allow the material to be applied to cutting tools used under the same onerous condition, and theoretical development would be possible on the consideration of the film properties, whereas further development may be expected in the future. An international joint study has performed evaluations on the environmental resistance and the characteristics of the film at the University of Toronto. These evaluations are effective in enhancing further the properties of the thin film in the future. Achievements have been accumulated steadily from starting the fundamental studies, and high level objectives have been achieved. Accurate identification has been made on the state of developing the parts for petroleum excavation bits, with the objectives set properly. Putting the bits into practical use will still require public assistance. (NEDO)

  5. Evaluation on reliability and safety of marine diesel engine and mechatronics. Hakuyo diesel kikan to mechatronics no shinraiseiter dot anzensei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kido, H. (Kaigi Univ., Kobe (Japan)); Hashimoto, T. (Kobe Univ. of Mercantile Marine, Kobe (Japan))

    1992-06-01

    Reliability and safety are evaluated for main diesel engines, generator diesl engines, their mechatronics and auxiliary machines on ships. The evaluation is based no statistical analysis of field data collected from outland navigation by MO diesel engine the period of 1983-1988. Evaluation indexes are used for analysis, such as failure rate (total number of failure/total navigation hour), mean maintenance man power: mh (total maintenance man power for determined period/total number of failure), manning index: MI (maintenance manpower for repairing failure occurred during 1000 hour navigation). With respect of total failure of ship plant as a whole, the failure rate decreased from 13.2 to 7.4, namely almost to half and mh was tending to increase from 5.5 to 5.8, while MI decreased from 73.0 to 43.1. With respect to heavy failure which is regarded as a scale of safety, the failure rate remained within a range of 0.7-0.5 and mh showed down-up movement like 30{yields}10.4{yields}18.8, while MI moved like 18.6{yields}5{yields} 10.9 . 3 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. Evaluation of building envelopes from the viewpoint of capability of controlling thermal environment; Onnetsu kankyo chosei noryoku ni yoru kenchiku gaihi no hyoka no kokoromi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Umeda, K; Ono, S [Taisei Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Shukuya, M [Musashi Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    The ability that architectural space improves the thermal environment in comparison with outdoor environment is called the `capability of controlling thermal environment.` As the value becomes higher, the indoor thermal environment is more improved. In this paper, the controlling capability of six building envelopes with different window systems was compared. The heat transfer in the wall and window system is approximated using a lumped mass model of heat capacity to obtain a heat balance equation and combined with the heat balance equation in indoor air for backward difference. The wall surface temperature and indoor air temperature in a calculation model are then calculated. A radiation absorption coefficient is used for mutual radiation on each wall. In the model, the adjoining room or first- and second-floor rooms were made the same in conditions as the model on the assumption that the one-side lighted office in an RC reference floor is in the non-illumination and non-airconditioning state. In summer, the controlling capability remarkably varies depending on the window system. For the window facing the south, the annual capability is more advanced than in other directions and the indoor thermal environment is improved on the average. 7 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Evaluation of performance for solar house with Trombe wall. Part 5; Trombe hekishiki solar house no hyoka kenkyu (nichisekisan Trombe heki kyuhonetsuryo yosoku senzu no teian)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, N [Nishimatsu Construction Co. Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan); Nakajima, Y [Kogakuin University, Tokyo (Japan); Watanabe, T [Tokyo Electric Power Service Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Abe, H [Ministry of Construction, Tokyo (Japan); Yamaga, K [Mitsubishi Estate Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    A regression equation that can calculate the daily accumulated absorption heat of Trombe Wall was given, and the performance estimated chart of Trombe Wall in which the daily unit effect of Trombe Wall can be visually recognized was proposed. The absorption heat was multivariate-analyzed by two variables of solar radiation of that day and the previous day. The data obtained from simulation was used for analysis. The absorption heat was analyzed using the meteorological data at eight spots (Sapporo, Sendai, Niigata, Tokyo, Shizuoka, Kochi, Fukushima, and Kagoshima). In this case, the result of multivariate analysis almost coincided with the simulation result. A chart that predicts the absorption heat of Trombe Wall in eight cities from the daily accumulated global solar radiation of that day and the previous day was then created as the performance estimated chart of Trombe Wall. As a result, the solar radiation of that day little influences the absorption heat when the Trombe Wall increases in thickness. Conversely, the solar radiation of the previous day significantly influences the absorption heat. In future, an equivalent heat loss coefficient will be calculated from the performance estimated chart. 2 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Evaluation of the performance in the solar assisted heat pump system; Taiyonetsu riyo heat pump system no seino hyoka ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saito, Y [Osaka Institute of Technology, Osaka (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    Performance of a solar heating system with a hydrothermal source heat pump was evaluated and compared with that of a direct solar heating system. The sun-dependency rates ({Sigma}D and {Sigma}H)of the direct system and heat pump (HP)-provided system were expressed as a function of the rate ({alpha}) of the auxiliary heat against the collected heat and as a function of the performance coefficient and {alpha}, respectively. When the sun-dependency rates are compared, it is found that the HP-provided system is the more advantageous when {Sigma}H/{Sigma}D>1. The relationship between the {alpha}`s of the two systems was clarified and computation was performed to compare the sun-dependency rates on condition that the two are equal in the heat collecting area. Although the sun-dependence rate cannot be elevated to 100% in the HP-provided system, it achieves a sun-dependency rate higher than that of the direct system even when the heat collecting area is small. In cases where the building is economically limited, for instance, with respect to the area for solar collector installation, it is advantageous to employ the HP-provided system. 5 figs., 1 tab.

  9. Evaluation report on research and development of an ultra-advanced processing system. Summary edition; Chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho. Gaiyohen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-08-01

    Research, development and evaluation were performed with an objective of establishing the basic processing technology and ultra-precision machining device technology utilizing large output excimer laser and high density ion beams. With regard to the large output excimer laser technology, the short wavelength excimer laser life extension technology has demonstrated ong-life operation of 1.02 times 10{sup 9} shots exceeding the final target at the initial laser output of 105 mJ/pulse. With respect to the high-density ion beam technology, the gas phase converged ion beam technology has achieved an ionic current density of 2.5 {mu}A/sr. and a beam current of 25 pA. Regarding the ultra-precision machining device technology, a large ultra-precision grinding machine of five shaft control type was developed as a final target demonstrating machine, which exhibited the shape accuracy of 0.7 {mu}m and surface roughness of 3.45nm. The surface roughness satisfied the final target. Other activities include studies on the ultra-advanced processing technology, measurement and evaluation technology, comprehensive tests, and practical application of the technologies, having derived respective achievements. (NEDO)

  10. Evaluation of indoor thermal environment with improved 65 nodes thermoreguration model; Kairyogata 65 bunkatsu taion chosetsu model wo mochiita shashitsunai onnetsu kankyo hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsunaga, K; Sudo, F [Isuzu Motors Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Tanabe, S [Ochanomizu Univ., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    Indoor thermal environment of a vehicle was evaluated by a numerical simulation. A numerical simulation using the equivalent temperature measured with the thermal manikin was conducted. Numerical manikin was improved and convective and radiative heat transfer at each body surface was described in detail. Comparative examination using the calculation results by the numerical simulation was also conducted. 3 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  11. Interim evaluation report on research and development of robots serviceable under extreme conditions; Kyokugen sagyo robot no kenkyu kaihatsu chukan hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    The research and development project for robots serviceable under extreme conditions are aimed at development of the robots for commercial nuclear power plants, where they are remotely controlled by the operators to implement advanced works, e.g., maintenance, inspection and repair of the facilities; supporting development of submarine oil fields, where they are remotely controlled by the operators to implement advanced works, e.g., maintenance, inspection and repair of the facilities; and for prevention of hazards at oil-producing plants, where they are remotely controlled by the operators to implement advanced works, e.g., controlling hazards, should they occur, and supporting hazard-preventive works. It is also aimed at development of the basic techniques for, e.g., those related to the system structures, and controlling and supporting the other systems. The project has been comprehensively evaluated for the achievements made so far. The individual elementary techniques for the robots for nuclear power plants, submarine oil field development and hazard prevention, and the basic techniques for these systems, are developed as planned as of the end of FY 1987 for the objects in the interim stage, based on the evaluation of the individual techniques developed before. Therefore, the bright prospects are obtained for achieving the final objectives by the end of the project period. (NEDO)

  12. Evaluation report on research and development of high-speed computation system for technological use; Kagaku gijutsuyo kosoku keisan system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-08-01

    The above-named project is an effort implemented under the large-scale industrial technology research and development system through the cooperation of industrial, academic, and governmental circles in the nine-year-long period beginning in fiscal 1981. The project aims to establish technologies required for putting to practical use a high-speed computation system capable of speedily dealing with huge technological problems which the computers available at the commencement of the project failed to solve. The goals set for new devices and comprehensive systems were sufficiently challenging in view of the technological level of those days, and are still at the highest level in the world. It is judged that the goals were set with reason and appropriateness. The liaison council for the implementation of the project is constituted of people of experience or academic standing, entrusted research and development activities, Ministry of International Trade and Industry bureaus concerned, and the Electrotechnical Laboratory of the same ministry. Discussion, coordination, and communication on concrete matters are under way between the constituent members, contributing to the enhancement of research and development. The liaison council activities are evaluated to be appropriate and effective. (NEDO)

  13. Development of a user interface and evaluation of an ontology for menu-based retrieval; Soho menu ni tekishita interface no kaihatsu to yogo bunrui no hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, Y.; Shinohara, Y.

    2000-06-01

    We have proposed the 'complementary menu system' as an easy-to-build and easy-to-use menu system. It has two component menu systems, one is based on a word taxonomy and the other is based on the document structure (e.g., the table of contents of the target document). By the user's selection of an item on a menu, the positions and relevance of related items are shown on the other menu, which makes users easier to select proper menu items. We have also shown the combination of context-sensitive menus reduces user's errors of selection of menu items by several experiments. In this report, we investigate the choice of word taxonomies effective for novice users and the design of structure and interface of menus to reduce overlooked related items. 1. Comparative experiment among a complementary menu using a general-purpose word taxonomy used in a thesaurus and the ones using domain-specific taxonomies based on quick references used in the target document, shows that even novice users prefer domain-specific word taxonomies and exhibit higher performance in retrieval significantly. 2. Comparison between a domain-specific word taxonomy that arranges different categories in a line and another domain-specific word taxonomy which reorganizes the categories under one parent category, suggests users relatively prefer the latter taxonomy but the preference depends on the amount of user's domain specific knowledge. 3. Component menu system which has only one menu showing the whole taxonomic hierarchy with scrollbars on which the positions and relevance of related items are shown is effective to reduce the number of overlooked items. (author)

  14. Plaadid / Mart Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Mart, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Barry White "Gold", Roseanne Cash "Black Cadillac", Satoshi Tomiie "Renaissance", Tiga "Sexor", Rec ja Rapresent "Isiklikult", Yo-Yo Ma "the Essential Yo-Yo Ma", Aqua Bassino "Rue de Paris"

  15. Fiscal 1999 basic survey report for promotion of joint implementation. Project for overall loss reduction in Myanmar for thermoelectric power during transmission and distribution; 1999 nendo Myanmar koku karyoku sohaiden denryoku sonshitsu sogo teigen project hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With connection to the clean development mechanism (CDM) taken into consideration, a study is made about achieving greenhouse gas reduction in Myanmar through power generation facility heat efficiency improvement and power loss reduction. Taken up in the study are the Shwedaung power plant, the Mann power plant, and the power transmission system in the Mandalay District. The profitability of thermoelectric power facility improvement is calculated using the financial internal rate of return (FIRR), derivable from the cost of thermoelectric power facility improvement and the convenience to be created thereby, and using the opportunity cost in Myanmar. The result is then subjected to a feasibility study. Most effective for CO2 reduction is the addition or installation of advanced compound cycle power generation facilities which are also excellent in heat efficiency and power generation cost. The FIRR of thermoelectric power facility improvement is 9.4-12.8%, which means the effort is worth investment. Measures for decreasing power loss during transmission include the use of higher voltages, laying of new lines, employment of conductors thicker in size, and the installation of phase modifiers. The economic internal rate of return (EIRR) and FIRR are calculated for the study of feasibility. An analysis covering a 10-year period results in a 20.41% EIRR (exceeding the socially accepted discount rate of 10%) and a 17.56% FIRR (exceeding the general loan interest of 15%), which means that there is feasibility. (NEDO)

  16. Comprehensive research concerning the development of effective utilizing techniques of biological resources (large scale research out of the framework). Seibutsu shigen no koritsuteki riyo gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru sogo kenkyu (ogata betsuwaku kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-10-25

    This paper is a research report in which the cultivated production of forest resources, the development to useful substances and the systematization to take the root in a region were studied. The distribution maps of biological resources on respective woodland systems: that is, the nationwide distribution maps of the amount of resources in Japan as to the broadleaf trees in private forests and national forests, the available amount and kinds of tree were prepared. As for the establishment of cultivation technique of the super-short deforestation forest, that is, pursue of wooden growth to the maximum limit, the superior clone 26 system was selected from the willow group through the research of wooden cultivation and the clone which showed the maximum yield reached 24t/ha every year. As for the material preparation technique due to microbial enzymes, that is, the creation and breeding of fungi which have the high lignin decomposition power, a stock of fungi which has the high lignin decomposition power and the decomposition selectivity was created by the cell fusion and the UV (ultraviolet ray) radiation treatment. As for the use of effective components in wooden resources, many useful characteristics could be detected by applying the boiling, bursting and ozone treatment. As for the mushroom cultivation through the application of unused tree kinds, a new kind of mushroom for food service was selected to clarify the possibility of fruit body formation. The development of a new material from conifers is promising. 1 tab.

  17. FY 1998 report on the comprehensive analysis in the geothermal development promotion survey. Tertiary. No.C-3 Akinomiya area; 1998 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa sogo kaiseki hokokusho. No.C-3 Akinomiya chiiki (Dai 3 ji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-01

    The geothermal development promotion survey was conducted in the Akinomiya area, Ogachi county, Akita prefecture, and the FY 1998 results were summed up. In the surface survey, geology/electromagnetism/precision gravity survey was made as supplementary survey, and re-analysis of 3D models was made. In the well survey, three wells of N10-AY-6 to N10-AY-8 were drilled to conduct the core examination, temperature/pressure logging, sampler logging, short-term jetting test, etc. Also conducted were the reservoir evaluation, environmental effect survey, etc. by pressure monitoring and water level observation. The results of the comprehensive analysis predict the following. In the Akinomiya area, there exists heat source in deep parts around Mt. Yamabushi-dake and Mt. Takamatsu-dake; Being given heat from this heat source, rocks, ground water and volcanic gas react on each other to form geothermal fluids. It is presumed that high temperature geothermal reservoirs exist in the east of the area. Moreover, the pressure distribution indicates that the Akinomiya reservoir and Wasabizawa reservoir can be a chain hydraulically. On the other hand, the west of the area is the low temperature and heat conductive area, and therefore, there seem to be no high temperature fluids there. (NEDO)

  18. FY 1998 result report. Research/development on the energy overall development/utilization technology of gas hydrate resource; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Gas haidoreto shigen no energy sogo kaihatsu riyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This study is aimed at studying for survey of gas hydrate (GH) deposit required for GH resource development and gathering of it, and further at studying for industrial utilization technology development of GH which is different in formation condition depending on kind of gas with which it reacts. The results of FY 1998 are as follows. In the study of the situation of existence of gas hydrate in the tundra, the sedimentary environment of the tundra where natural gas hydrate exists was simulated in laboratory to measure thermal conductivity of the sediments including GH. In this fiscal year, design/fabrication/calibration were conducted of the GH synthesizer and thermal analyzer. In the study of GH gathering technology in the tundra, a technology is discussed for recovering gas from GH layer and at the same time substituting CO2 hydrate for GH by blowing CO2 into the geologic layer. In FY 1998, formation/dissociation behaviors were first studied of methane/CO2 mixture hydrate. For the overall energy development of GH resource and promotion of R and D of the utilization technology, studies were made on physical properties of GH and development of the usage. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2000 Research and development of technology for medical and welfare equipment. Report on the comprehensive survey on welfare equipment; 2000 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu chosa hokokusho. Fukushi kiki sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The survey is conducted on the advanced basic and application technologies for medical and welfare equipment, e.g., biotechnology and drug delivery systems, to promote development of these technologies. For development of the gene-aided diagnostic system equipment for clinical purposes, surveys are conducted on current medical equipment and related technologies, and the results are summarized and pigeonholed for each equipment type. Also summarized are the small- to medium-sized enterprises which are considered to have techniques needed for development of sensors for heart disease treatment systems. For usability of welfare-related equipment products, investigations are made viewed from the designs oriented to human adaptability, human adaptable designs in the aging societies, and welfare-related problems in the aging societies and usability. The latest information on leading organizations and researchers is collected, for continuation and development of the usability programs for welfare-related equipment products, and also for inviting the current related technologies and researchers on life supporting for the aged in Japan to the programs. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1998 annual summary report on comprehensive development study of high-function flat panel display techniques (second year); 1998 nendo koseino flat panel display gijutsu no sogo kaihatsu kenkyu seika hokokusho. Daininendo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project is aimed at creation of the new world display industry in Shikoku by developing the high-function flat panel display techniques and thereby establishing new techniques which solve the problems involved in, e.g., LEDs, plasma-aided devices and ELs other than liquid crystal devices. For development of emitters using diamond, important results have been obtained for the morphology, and cathode luminescence, Raman and photoluminescence spectra of polycrystalline diamond, synthesized by the vapor-phase process under varying conditions, on the electron radiation characteristics of the emitters. These results have led to clarification of the optimum vapor-phase synthesis conditions for diamond for high-function emitters. The techniques utilizing focused ion beams have also advanced to develop thin polycrystalline diamond films for emitters which correspond to the image elements of quality for television. For electron emitters, a structure prepared by implantation without using a high electrical field is proposed, and the device mechanisms involved are clarified. (NEDO)

  1. Overall analysis report on the fiscal 1994 geothermal development promotion survey. No.C-2. Wasabizawa area (secondary); 1994 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa sogo kaiseki hokokusho. No.C-2. Wasabizawa chiiki (dainiji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    The Wasabizawa area is located near the boundary between Yuzawa city south of Akita pref. and Ogachi-machi, Ogachi-gun, Akita pref, having a range of 3.0km northeast-southwest and 2.5km northwest-southeast of Wasabizawa almost as a center. The area for survey and its circumference are national forests, and the east and a part of the south of the area are designated as the Kurikoma quasi-national park third type special region. From the geochemical temperature distribution, it can be assumed that geothermal fluids of around 300{degree}C exist in the deep underground of the Kaminotai-Wasabizawa-Akinomiya area. From the distribution of density basements, the block structure of the basement can be estimated. Around the boundary of the ridge/sedimentation region of this density basement, fractures develop and the formation of reservoir structure is expected from the comparison with the result of the well survey. In the blowout test, obtained were 284.3{degree}C and 83.05 kgf/cm{sup 2} at a depth of 1,300m. In the geothermal system, it is assumed that reservoir structures of geothermal fluids develop in the deep underground of the central part of the area. The heat source to the geothermal system is supposed to be the magma reservoir remaining in Takamatsudake volcanic rocks. 110 refs., 177 figs., 105 tabs.

  2. Fiscal 2000 project for development of international standards for supporting novel industries. Standardization for securement of interconnection between intelligent home electric appliances; 2000 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo. Johokadenkiki kan no sogo setsuzokusei kakuho no tameno hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development had been under way since fiscal 1998 for working out propositions relating to the international standardization of connection interface systems for digital AV (audio-visual) equipment. This report outlines the result of the project in its fiscal last year. The link working group (WG) actually built a transceiver at 5 mm pitch in its second trial, measured and evaluated its behavior under high-temperature and high-humidity circumstances, and acquired numerical data for interface specifications. The connection interface WG in its second trial fabricated a tiny optical connector for POF (plastic optical fiber) and evaluated its resistance to environment. As the result, sufficient resistance to environment was detected in the connector, and then a proposition was presented to IEC/TC86 that the connector be standardized as an optical connector for intelligent home electric appliances. The POF optimization WG performed an environment resistant test for POF, similar to those for transceivers and connectors, and then recognized that POF of the GI type was low in transmission loss and that it stably retained its wide-band feature. (NEDO)

  3. Report for fiscal 1980 on comprehensive survey for nationwide geothermal resources. Survey on Curie point method (Associated material - operation flight report); 1980 nendo zenkoku chinetsu shigen sogo chosa hokokusho. Curie tenho chosa (futai shiryo sagyo shinchoku hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-10-01

    With an objective to identify the status of distribution of deep underground thermal structure, aerial magnetism investigations were executed in the south Kyushu area, and data used in the Curie point method were collected. This paper summarizes the progresses and achievements of the work during the investigation. The report for April 1981 summarized preparation of equipment and materials by EG and G Geometrics Corporation, and the work schedules with the Idemitsu Geothermal Development, Petroleum Resources Development, and Naka-Nippon Airways. The report for April 22 compiled the site preparation and the test flight. The report for April 28 compiled the calibration and magnetism compensation flight. The report for May 5 compiled the implementation of the second flight , and the result of survey for 292 km in total. The report for May 10 compiled the implementation of the third to fifth flights, and the results of measurements for 584 km, 519 km and 360 km, respectively. The report for May 18 compiled the implementation of the sixth to eighth (final) flights, and the results of measurements for 513 km, 584 km and 68 km, respectively. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1992 Report on results of the research and development of the technologies for creating/processing advanced biomaterials. Part 2; 1992 nendo senshin bio zairyo no sosei kako gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Sogo chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    This project is aimed at development of the materials which show functions in a living body by coating a substrate of, e.g., silica or glass, with layered novel peptide synthesized to include unusual amino acid required to have the functions. The existing peptide-related technologies are reviewed and the natural peptide list is prepared. A total of 15 literature is surveyed, and the contents are pigeonholed into 8 items; (1) prospects of peptide engineering, (2) designs of peptide structures, (3) technologies of peptide synthesis, (4) synthesis of unusual amino acid and inclusion into peptide, (5) analysis of peptide structures, (6) physiological activity of peptide, (7) development of peptide materials and function manifestation, and (8) information retrieval of natural peptide (comprising 30 amino acids or less). The item (2) involves analysis and prediction of hydrophobicity of oligopeptide, item (3) chemical synthesis of protein, and protease-aided condensation of dipeptide, and item (7) solar cells based on a photoelectric conversion material and pigment-sensitized colloidal titanium oxide. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1999 report on the comprehensive analysis of the geothermal development promotion survey. Forth. No.C-3 Akinomiya area; 1999 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa sogo kaiseki hokokusho. No. C-3 Akinomiya chiiki (Dai 4 ji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-01-01

    As part of the geothermal development promotion survey, the comprehensive analysis was made on the survey of the existence amount of geothermal resource in the Akinomiya area, Ogachi town, Akita prefecture, which was conducted in FY 1999. In the evaluation of reservoirs, the following were carried out: comprehensive analysis of various data on the surface survey, well exploration, etc., which were stored in surveys from the primary to the forth, modification/construction of geothermal system models, numerical simulation using 3D models, etc. In the long-term jetting test, production/reduction tests were conducted using N9-AY-3 and N10-AY-8 as production wells and N8-AY-1 and N10-AY-6 as reduction wells. The results of the comprehensive analysis were outlined as follows. The distribution of high temperature zones promising as areas for geothermal development was grasped. The distribution of the main fracture structure underground was grasped. A total amount of 124t/h steam was confirmed by short/long term jetting tests. In the simulation of prediction of production, the result was obtained that there was potential power generation of 30MW in the Akinomiya area alone and 60MW both in the Akinomiya area and the Wasabizawa area. (NEDO)

  6. Study of dependence of DC output of rectenna array on the method of inter-connection of its array element; Rectenna array chokuryu shutsuryoku no array yoso sogo setsuzokuho izonsei no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shinohara, M.; Matsumoto, H. [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan). Radio Atmospheric Science Center

    1997-08-20

    In 1994 and 1995, a ground-to-ground microwave power transmission (MPT) experiment was carried out by a group of Kyoto University, Kobe University and Kansai Electric Power Company. Among the MPT technologies, which are one of the most important key issues for the realization of the Solar Power Satellite (SPS), studies of `rectenna` (rectifying antenna) have been pursued to archive higher efficiency of conversion from microwave to DC. We had developed a new rectenna panel which can effectively rectify a microwave power of 2.5 W at 2.45 GHz before the ground-to ground MPT field experiment. We examine the sum of the outputs of two or three rectenna panels in which are connected ether in parallel or in series or in the hybrid connection under the same microwave circumstances. The experiment leads us to conclude: (1) The sum of the DC outputs from two rectenna panels connected in parallel is larger than that from those connected in series. (2) The sum of the DC outputs of two rectenna panels is generally smaller than the sum of the DC output of the individual panels unless their output is equal to each other. (3) The total output DC power of a rectenna array increases when we connect the array element with consideration of the `element balance`. Based on the experiment, we propose an optimum method for connection of individual rectenna elements to form an rectenna array. 12 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

  7. 1998 Annual Study Report. Standardization for securing interoperability between optical disk systems; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Hikari disk system no sogo un'yosei kakuho no tame no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This R and D program is aimed at securing interoperability between optical disk systems, based on the logical formats, to propose the draft international standards. For the volume/file structures proposed by ISO/IEC 13346, the universal disk format (UDF) proposed by the Optical Storage Technology Association (OSTA) is taken as the target file system, to improve the conformance test environments and develop the standards for advanced interoperability. The 1998 R and D themes include development of the UDF conformance testing tools for avoiding the interoperability-related problems involved in the UDF, which are actually observed, and investigations on the UAF specifications and preparation of the UAF-related standard evaluation systems for preparation of the draft standards for the Universal Accessible Filesystem (UAF), planned to be conducted in and after the next fiscal year, which allows, e.g., network seamless application of a variety of the future optical disks. (NEDO)

  8. Report for fiscal 1982 on comprehensive survey for nationwide geothermal resources. Preparation of lineament density maps - radar image analyses - in north-eastern area; 1982 nendo zenkoku chinetsu shigen sogo chosa hokokusho. Lineament mitsudozu sakusei (radar gazo kaiseki (Tohoku chiiki))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    Geological structure analysis maps and lineament maps were prepared on the north-eastern area and parts of the ancillary areas thereof by analyzing radar images of a 1 to 200,000 scale. With regard to the geological structures, analyses were performed by using as the original data the north look radar images for the three special geothermal areas to have prepared the geological structure analysis maps. The analysis of the radar images identified ground bed boundary lines in more detail than in the existing geological maps, and new discoveries were made available on faults. The lineament maps were compiled by implanting into respectively corresponding topographic maps the 24 N-S lineament maps made by the west look radar images for the whole surveyed areas, and the 16 E-W lineament maps made by the north look radar images for the special geothermal areas. Based on the clarity and characteristics deciphered on the images, the lineaments were classified into the major, minor, and subtle lineaments, which were indicated on the lineament maps. The lineaments were digitized by positions of the edge points, and the histograms and statistical tables were prepared by computer processing. (NEDO)

  9. Report for fiscal 1981 on comprehensive survey for nationwide geothermal resources. Survey on radar imaging method - geothermal analysis conception design (Appendix); 1981 nendo zenkoku chinetsu shigen sogo chosa hokokusho. Radar eizoho chosa (chinetsu kaiseki gainen sekkei furoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-10-01

    This paper explains different theoretical calculation methods used in gravity and magnetic force data analysis in geothermal resources survey. Analyzing the gravity data and the magnetic force data is capable of being applied with the potential theory. The increased speed and capacity of recent computers make easier the conversion of data into wave number zone. In relation with heavy magnetic force analysis, the paper explains such items as basic handling, IGRF remainder calculation, methods for topographic correction, conversion of primary and secondary polar magnetism and conversion of pseudo-gravity, coherent analysis, spectral ratio method, estimation of spectra by using MEM, spectrum moment method, heavy magnetic force simultaneously analyzing type modeling, constraint inversion method, and other methods. The paper further explains the sequential approximation method in magnetization calculation, methods for calculating equivalent magnetization distribution (methods by Bhattacharyya and Chan, and Nakatsuka), method for calculating equivalent magnetization distribution (method by O'Brien), primary and secondary polar magnetism conversion relation formulas, and theoretical calculation of spectral ratio. (NEDO)

  10. NEDO Forum 2001. Session on development of energy and environmental technologies (For promotion of comprehensive development of hydrocarbon-based energy); NEDO Forum 2001. Energy kankyo gijutsu kaihatsu session (tanka suisokei energy no sogo kaihatsu suishin no tame ni)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-09-20

    The presentations made at the above-named session of the NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) forum held in Tokyo on September 20, 2001, are collected in this report. Pointed out in a lecture entitled 'How technology development for hydrocarbon-based energy resources should be' was the need of technologies for clean energy production; CO2 emission reduction; NOx, SOx, soot, and dust reduction; and the expansion of exploitation of resources now left unused. Reported in a lecture entitled 'Cooperation with China on coal liquefaction' were the result of a coal liquefaction demonstration plant feasibility study conducted for coal from Inner Mongolia, and so forth. Reported in a lecture entitled 'Development of coal oil upgrading technology' were the result of the operation of a test plant, and so forth. Reported in a lecture entitled 'Research and development of HyperCoal' were the result of HyperCoal manufacturing technology research and development, designing of a HyperCoal-fired gas turbine power generation system, and so forth. In addition, development of technology for high efficiency conversion of biomass energy and development of technology for refuse gasification/melting power generation were reported. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1997 survey report. `Ultra high electronic technology development promotion project` under consignment from NEDO; 1997 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo `Chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing ultra high technology of a next next generation level, the R and D was conducted of ultra fine processing process technology, technologies on limit measuring/analysis/control and new functional electronic materials. Themes of the R and D are electronic beam direct picture drawing system technology, ultra short wavelength electromagnetic radiation patterning/system technology, ultra fine sensitizing technology, ultra high accuracy shading system technology, ultra high tech plasma reactive measuring/analysis/control technology, ultra high tech cleaning basic technology, ultra high sensitivity medium technology, new functional element/film formation technology, etc. This R and D is a greatly influential basic research in the whole industrial field, and therefore, it is necessary that researchers standing foremost in each field of industry/university/government join the project and that various R and D infrastructures are made the most of. For this, the concentrated joint research method and the dispersed joint research method are combined, and the R and D is being conduced by equal partnership of each researcher. 421 refs., 823 figs., 91 tabs.

  12. FY 1999 Report on the technical results. Research and development project for creation of the quick-effect type international standards (Comprehensive surveys); 1999 nendo sokkogata kokusai hyojun sosei kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Safety, environment protection and internationality are most important product qualities, and international standardization of product qualities and testing methods are essential for strengthening international competitiveness. Viewed from this angle, the R and D project is conducted to propose the international standards for the following 5 areas related to environment and safety, selected in expectation that the results could be obtained in short time for preparation of the international proposals; (1) standardization of the wireless IC tags for logistics management, (2) standardization of quality and testing methods of automobile fuels and lubricants, (3) research and development for international standards in the field of safety of machinery, (4) standardization of evaluation methods for electronic data security system, and (5) standardization for the safety of light emitting diodes. The results are obtained for preparation of the international standard drafts, interim or final. The activities are directed to promotion of international interchangeability of radio frequency identification (RFID) systems for area (1); to standardization of the systems for emergency stopping/controlling machines for the area (3), to improvement of security evaluation standards of existing information systems for the area (4), and to unification of the ISO/IEC safety standards for the area (5). (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1993-1998 integrated research report. R and D on advanced combustion technology under microgravity environment; 1993 - 1998 nendo sogo seika hokokusho. Bisho juryoku kankyo wo riyoshita kodo nensho gijutsu soshutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For developing advanced combustion technology by using JAMIC's facility, the advanced combustion technology research committee supported by researchers of universities, national institutes and industries was prepared in JSUP, and R and D using a microgravity experiment facility and the international joint research with NASA were carried out. By using the advanced experimental equipment and measuring instrument developed for microgravity experiments, studies were made on combustion and evaporation of fuel droplets, combustion characteristics of dense fuel, flammability limit and NO{sub x} generation mechanism, and such precious results were obtained as storage of abundant experimental data, explication of a combustion mechanism, preparation of a database and find of new phenomena. In the ground verification experiment using the newly fabricated advanced combustor test equipment, various data effective for developing high-efficiency low-pollution combustors were obtained. Through the joint research with NASA including 5 themes, various results and the real relationship between the researchers were also obtained. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1996 survey report. `Ultra high electronic technology development promotion project` under consignment from NEDO; 1996 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo `chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing ultra high technology of a next next generation level which is a basic technology in the electronic information field, a key to the realization of the high grade information society and a common technology base giving marked influences to the wide range industrial field, the R and D was started of ultra fine processing process technology, technologies on limit measuring/analysis/control and new functional electronic materials. Themes of the R and D are electronic beam direct picture drawing system technology, ultra short wavelength electromagnetic radiation patterning/system technology, ultra fine sensitizing technology to draw pictures on metal and crystal surfaces using ultra short wavelength laser beams, shading system technology of shading mask to be used to the process of drawing ultra high accuracy and complicated figures, ultra high tech plasma reactive measuring/analysis/control technologies which become the base of ultra thin films and ultra fine etching using plasma, ultra high tech cleaning base technology, ultra high sensitivity medium technology, new functional element/film formation technology, etc. 137 refs., 358 figs., 38 tabs.

  15. Fiscal 1999 basic survey for promotion of joint implementation. Overall study report on energy saving and CO2 reduction at Indocement Company; 1999 nendo Indo cement ni okeru shoene CO{sub 2} sakugen sogo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A study is made about the feasibility of energy saving and CO2 reduction at the Citeureup Plant of the Indocement Company, Indonesia. Future embodiment of a clean development mechanism (CDM) is also discussed. Points examined for improvement involve air quenching clinker cooler (AQC) efficiency (mixing of raw materials, use of combustion control technology, and modification into a new type AQC); the finishing process (installation of a preliminary clinker crusher and a high-efficiency classifier); and waste heat cogeneration using AQC exhaust. The amount of energy to be saved will be 61,866 tons/year in oil, promising a 10.9% energy saving and CO2 reduction. The project requires a fund of 5,988,025,000 yen in total. The financial internal rate of return (FIRR) based on the environmental special yen credit is a little low, but the payout period of 11 years is reasonable. A similar result is obtained when export financing by the ex-Exim Bank is studied. A general loan is not proper in view of overall profitability. With precedents showing that it is near impossible for such a project to enjoy environmental special yen credit, it is necessary for the Japanese Government to build a CDM-oriented system under which environmental special yen credit will be offered to private sectors. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1998 basic survey to promote the joint execution, etc. Overall repair plan of thermal power plants in Maritime Province of Russia; 1998 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa. Roshia Enkaishu ni okeru karyoku hatsudensho sogo kaishu keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For thermal power plants in Maritime Province of Russia, a repair plan for effective reduction of emission of greenhouse effect gas was worked out as a draft plan for the joint execution. The project is to be implemented for the additional installation/replacement of boilers at Vladivostok No. 2 power plant, construction of a power plant as a substitute for Partizansk power plant, and new construction of Ussuriisk power plant. The draft plan includes the new installation of two gas-fired boilers/replacement of existing boilers at Vladivostok No. 2 power plant, construction of 200MW cogeneration facility at Partizansk power plant, construction of 180MW cogeneration facility at Ussuriisk power plant, abolition of small-sized boiler station, etc. The reduction amount of the greenhouse effect gas emission based on this repair plan totaled 338 million tons in project. The effect against cost is US$ 4.75 per 1 CO2 ton at Vladivostok. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1993 survey of the base arrangement promotion for foreign coal import. Survey of the general situation of Thai coal; 1993 nendo kaigaitan yunyu kiban seibi sokushin chosa. Thai sekitan sogo jijo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    The paper reported the energy situation in Thailand, the present and future status of coal supply/demand, the present situation of environmental policy and air pollution prevention policy and problems concerning coal and the measures for solution, and a possibility of Japan`s cooperation. In Thailand, the total coal supply amount in 1992 is 16.079 million tons, which is 9.1% of all the primary energy supply amount. The country produces only a few amount of anthracite and subbituminous coal beside brown coal. The domestic coal equals brown coal, the production of which was 15.335 million tons in 1992, 13.9% of all the primary energy demand. Concerning brown coal, 79.7% of all the brown coal supply are for electric power use, and others for industrial use such as the cement industry. The remaining reserve in developed areas is 151.4 billion tons, and the proven reserve in undeveloped areas 756 million tons. The demand for import coal was 11.25 million tons in 1996, and is expected to be 201.73 million tons in 2000. The paper pointed out some problems arising from coal production and spread of coal utilization, and described measures to solve the problems and fields where there are possibilities of Japan`s cooperation. 36 refs., 44 figs., 73 tabs.

  18. Fiscal 1999 technical achievement report. Development project on international standards for developing new industry (Comprehensive research); 1999 nendo shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development of 13 individual subjects whose achievements are expected to come into use on the international scale was started in fiscal 1998, to be completed in three years. Progress is reviewed for each of the subjects, and the findings are mentioned below. Research and development is progressing smoothly, specifications to be internationalized have been narrowed down, and it is now foreseen that the main points of the specifications to be presented will be successfully prepared. There are some subjects, however, about which it is difficult to specify to which technical committees they are to be submitted. Assistance, for instance supply of information, by technical committees involved is indispensable. The attitude toward international standardization taken by European and American business corporations visited for study by Japanese researchers is to be disseminated to Japanese business corporations since the information thus collected will help them. Although 75% of the 13 subjects have reached a level where they may be presented as specifications for international standardization, yet they need active support by organizations concerned and research of trends of internationalization-related institutions before they are actually accepted as international standards. (NEDO)

  19. Report on fundamental investigation in fiscal 2000 of intellectual property right management criteria at General Research Institute of Industrial Technologies; 2000 nendo sangyo gijutsu sogo kenkyusho chiteki zaisanken kanri kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Fundamental items of knowledge were collected on matters to form the base of management and utilization of intellectual property rights as the basic data for cooperation among industry, academia, and government. Activities were put into order on the following nine fields: 1) handling of tangible research property rights at universities, 2) the way the organization should be to support the cooperation between industry and academia - a mechanism at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 3) licensing and technology transfer in India, 4) intellectual property trends for the 21st century, 5) management of intellectual property assets - in relation with the new current in the U.S. Patent Act, 6) comparative study of examination guidelines for computer-related inventions between the United States and Japan, 7) management of intellectual properties and business law aspects in the technology innovation times - examples in Seattle where IT and bio-technologies are originated from, 8) patents and bio-technical inventions, and 9) new movements in bio-technology patents. In Item 2), examples at MIT were studied on the way the organization should be to support the cooperation between industry and academia. The industry-academia cooperation is in action at various levels, not only in licensing, but also in the industrial liaison program, and consortiums. (NEDO)

  20. Report on comprehensive surveys of nationwide geothermal resources in fiscal 1979. Conceptual design of a database system; 1979 nendo zenkoku chinetsu shigen sogo chosa hokokusho. Database system gainen sekkei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-31

    Conceptual design was made on a database system as part of the comprehensive surveys of nationwide geothermal resources. Underground hot water in depths of several kilometers close to the ground surface is a utilizable geothermal energy. Exploration using the ground surface survey is much less expensive than the test drilling survey, but has greater error in estimation because of being an indirect method. However, integrating data by freely using a number of exploration methods can improve the accuracy of estimation on the whole. In performing the conceptual design of a geothermal resource information system, the functions of this large scale database were used as the framework. Further data collection, distribution and interactive type man-machine communication, modeling, and environment surveillance functions were incorporated. Considerations were also given on further diversified utilization patterns and on support to users in remote areas and end users. What is important in designing the system is that constituting elements of hardware and software should function while being combined organically as one system, rather than the elements work independently. In addition, sufficient expandability and flexibility are indispensable. (NEDO)

  1. Overview of FY1997 human media technology R and D; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports a summary of results in fiscal 1997 of research and development of human media technology. Fiscal 1997 launched design and trial fabrication of the following items: interface to improve efficiency and safety of plant operators, accommodation of multimedia contents to aid Kansei design, city development design aiding technologies using contents retrieval and presentation technologies and virtual reality, and empirical evaluation technologies for safety, comfort and convenience. Specific study assignments were extracted on a virtual media technology, a Kansei media technology and a knowledge media technology being three elementary technologies for human media to make clear the research and development approaches to be taken in the coming fiscal years. In addition, a human media technology committee, a research and development working group, and an investigation working group were established. Also launched were investigations on research trends in the human media technology, and investigative researches on contacts of information needs in industries with human media. 59 refs., 114 figs., 24 tabs.

  2. FY 1994 report on the survey of geothermal development promotion. Complementary survey on the fracture system, etc. (Wasabizawa area); 1994 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa sogo kaiseki hokokusho futai shiryo. Wasabizawa chiiki danretsu kei tou hokan chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    For the contribution to elucidation of the geothermal structure in the Wasabizawa area, Akita Prefecture, survey by the paleomagnetic measurement and fracture system measurement was conducted of the borehole cores and specimens of outcrop granite obtained from boreholes of N6-WZ-3 and N6-WZ-4. In the survey, the following were carried out: measurement of the core fracture system of N6-WZ-3 (102-1,505m) and N6-WZ-4 (507-1,556m), paleomagnetic measurement of 9 outcrop granite specimens and 16 core specimens, and k/Ar age determination of 3 outcrop granite specimens. As a result of the paleomagnetic measurement of outcrop granite, the magnetization azimuth of the schistose granodiorite distributed in Kuwanosawa was regarded as almost NS. The measured magnetization azimuth of the core specimen obtained from the same rock mass was also made NS-based, and measurement of the fracture in the neighborhood was made. As a result, it was found out that the NNW system was dominant in dikes and that there was the NE system in most of the small geothermal channels. The fracture system of well tended to develop around the boundary between granite and metamorphic rock, and it was thought that this part could be a reservoir if temperature conditions are prepared. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1996 report on the comprehensive invetigational research on medical instruments. Development of a trace collection/microanalysis system of blood, etc.; development of a high accuracy three dimensional image diagnosis system; development of a low invasion operation supporting system; development of artificial internal organ technology; 1996 nendo chosa hokokusho sogo chosa kenkyu (iryo kiki). Ketsuekinado biryo saishu/biryo bunseki system kaihatsu, koseido sanjigen gazo shindan system kaihatsu, teishinshu shujutsu shien system kaihatsu, jinko zoki gijutsu sogo kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In accordance with the rapidly advancing phenomena of decreasing in number of child and aging in Japan, enhancement in quality of medical care and welfare is an issue to be urgently considered, and importance of the support by technology of medical instruments is increasing. The purpose of this research is to extract subjects of the element technology, which will be important strategically and in the long run, from two viewpoints of the needs side and seeds side to study the course of the development of medical instruments. For this, questionnaires were sent out to learned persons in charge of work connected with medical care to grasp the needs for the future development of medical instruments. Based on them, the paper extracted subjects of the element technology which are considered to become strategically important in Japan. The report outlined the investigational research and arranged the methods and results of the survey of the needs for the development of medical instruments. Next, the paper described the method to extract important subjects of the element technology from the needs survey, and then arranged important subjects of the element technology extracted through the study in the committee. At last, the paper generalized the investigational research and summarized the remaining subjects, etc. at the same time. 11 tabs.

  4. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the study under a consignment from NEDO of environmental friendly type metal base-materials recycling utilization basic technology and element/overall process. For public; 1996 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko kyodo kenkyu itaku. Kankyo chowagata kinzokukei sozai kaisei riyo kiban gijutsu no kenkyu: yoso sogo process kenkyu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A study of `the next generation new iron steel making process` was conducted in which impurity elements in scrap are removed and recycled into high quality steel making materials, and at the same time total emissions are reduced during the process from scrap melting to steel making. The paper reported the fiscal 1996 results. In the study of the scrap recycling process, conducted were a study of the total system to remove impurities in the high temperature preheating furnace, a large scale experiment of de-coaling combined type de-coppering/de-tinning under reduced pressure of iron melting, a study of recycling technology of dust to the scrap melting furnace, etc. In the study on preheating/melting technology, a study of the scrap melting furnace of high-productivity/low-energy vertical type, a study of the scrap preheating method using the packed bed type preheating furnace, a study on the flue gas control at the time of preheating/melting, a study of the fast assessment method for organic compounds in flue gas, etc. In the evaluation of the total system, a study of preheating/melting/environmental systems using experimental plants. 20 refs., 23 figs., 10 tabs.

  5. Fiscal 1997 report on the R and D project consignment from NEDO on industrial science and technology. R and D on total base technology for marine resources (Mn nodules mining system) (total system (experimental plan)); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Kaiyo shigen sogo kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (mangan dankai saiko system) seika hokokusho (total system (jikken keikaku) hen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Study was made on the design of experiments for confirming the technological and economical feasibility of commercial production of Mn nodules. An experimental sea area was selected considering Mn nodule characteristics such as concentration, continuity of nodule distribution and nodule size, and sea bottom topographic features such as flatness and exposed bed rock disturbing traveling of nodule collectors. The experimental plan was decided on the basis of the survey and study on an experimental scale, various requirements, weather and sea weather features of the sea area, and sea bottom conditions. Based on the experimental plan, various verification tests and simulation analyses were carried out, and functions of various equipment were confirmed. The conceptual design of a mining system assumed both pump-lift and air-lift systems, and yearly production rates of 2 and 3 million tons by 2 mining barges, and summarized main points of every system. As the evaluation result, the future direction of commercial production of Mn nodules was clarified to a certain extent. 5 figs., 21 tabs.

  6. Fiscal 1999 research and development of technologies for practical application of photovoltaic power generation systems. Research and development of solar cell evaluation system (Survey of research and development of solar cell evaluation system); 1999 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyo denchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu (taiyo denchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The fiscal 1999 results of survey and research conducted for the establishment of solar cell performance evaluation and reliability evaluation methods are reported. In the development of a super high fidelity (broad spectrum) solar simulator for cell evaluation, a prototype was tested for performance evaluation, and initially set values were achieved. In the development of a large-area module evaluation technology, the radiation area was increased to be 1.0m times 1.0m large. Outdoor exposure tests continued at 5 sites in Japan, 3 sites in Australia, and 1 site in Oman, and analyses and databasing were carried out for the outputs of various types of solar cell modules. As for the problem of coloring of fillers which are module constituents, coloring in the U.S. was attributed to high temperature and intensive insolation, and in Austria to an oxidation inhibitor. In the development of a photo-accelerated degradation testing method for Si-based solar cells, application of the cycled illumination test was found feasible. In this test method, an amorphous silicon solar cell retains 70% of the initial Pmax value even after the passage of a period equivalent to 30 years. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of technology for commercialization of the photovoltaic power system - R and D of evaluation technology of the photovoltaic power system. R and D of the solar cell evaluation system; 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu - Taiyodenchi hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu - Taiyodenchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Study was made of the development of the basic technology for the integrated evaluation of solar cell performance, grasp of degradation phenomena of solar cell modules by outdoor exposure test, development of the accelerated degradation test method, etc., and the FY 2000 results were summed up. As to the development of the ultra-high approximation solar simulator for cell evaluation, a simulator was fabricated of which the irradiation non-uniformity is {+-} 1.0% and the spectral agreement is within {+-} 10% in 10 wavebands out of the 16 wavebands. Relating to the development of evaluation technology of large area modules, performance of the spectral irradiance distribution, etc. was improved by modification of the solar simulator, which made accurate measurement possible. In the study of degradation of solar cell modules, exposure tests on various kinds of solar cell modules were continued at 5 sites in Japan, 3 sites in Australia and 1 site in Oman for data collection/analysis. Further, analysis was made of Isc changes in the early stage of exposure, phenomenon of cell's cloudy discoloration, degradation caused by increase in series resistance, etc. As the test method of light accelerated degradation of A-Si solar cell, a brightness cycle test method was developed. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1999 research and development of technologies for practical application of photovoltaic power generation systems. Research and development of photovoltaic power generation system evaluation technology (Research and development of system evaluation technology); 1999 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development is conducted for the acquisition of a system evaluation technique for predicting the performance of standard photovoltaic power systems and evaluation technologies applicable to residential photovoltaic power systems different from each other in terms of tilt and direction, district, solar cell type, etc. In fiscal 1999, using data collected from the Hamamatsu field test facilities and residential photovoltaic power systems installed across Japan, various design parameters, such as the irregularity compensation coefficient, temperature compensation coefficient, and the incidence compensation coefficient were determined, and, using the parameters as the secondary estimation values, design parameters were updated. In the development of simulation technologies, basic studies were made about the shadow compensation coefficient, spectral response fluctuation compensation coefficient, and the composition of polyhedral arrays. Moreover, studies were made about the estimation of large area insolation, based on the horizontal surface insolation data collected at 21 sites of residential photovoltaic power systems in the Kanto district. (NEDO)

  9. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of technology for commercialization of the photovoltaic power system - R and D of evaluation technology of the photovoltaic power system. R and D of the system evaluation technology; 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu - Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu - System hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Based on the evaluation method for the performance prediction system of the standard photovoltaic power system, the R and D were conducted of the system generation output prediction technology which is general-purpose, simplified and applicable to various kinds of photovoltaic power system for residential use, and the FY 2000 results were summed up. In this fiscal year, the photovoltaic power system for residential use was increasingly installed at 15 places, and 100 sites in total were made database and analyzed. As to the development of simulation technology, technology of calculation was established such as the simulation of multi-plane array composition and correction of multi-plane array incidence. Further, technical information on system trouble and knowledge/information/proposal for reducing power generation loss were arranged by design parameter. Using the data on solar radiation/power loss at sites of residential use photovoltaic power systems installed in the Kanto area, value analysis of the capacity of wide area facilities of the photovoltaic power system was made by the statistical method. This study was compiled into the revised edition of design manual. (NEDO)

  10. FY 2000 report on the results of the development of technology for commercialization of the photovoltaic power system - R and D of evaluation technology of the photovoltaic power system. R and D of the solar cell evaluation system; 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu - Taiyodenchi hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu - Taiyodenchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Study was made of the development of the basic technology for the integrated evaluation of solar cell performance, grasp of degradation phenomena of solar cell modules by outdoor exposure test, development of the accelerated degradation test method, etc., and the FY 2000 results were summed up. As to the development of the ultra-high approximation solar simulator for cell evaluation, a simulator was fabricated of which the irradiation non-uniformity is {+-} 1.0% and the spectral agreement is within {+-} 10% in 10 wavebands out of the 16 wavebands. Relating to the development of evaluation technology of large area modules, performance of the spectral irradiance distribution, etc. was improved by modification of the solar simulator, which made accurate measurement possible. In the study of degradation of solar cell modules, exposure tests on various kinds of solar cell modules were continued at 5 sites in Japan, 3 sites in Australia and 1 site in Oman for data collection/analysis. Further, analysis was made of Isc changes in the early stage of exposure, phenomenon of cell's cloudy discoloration, degradation caused by increase in series resistance, etc. As the test method of light accelerated degradation of A-Si solar cell, a brightness cycle test method was developed. (NEDO)

  11. Analysis and evaluation of data to accompany the development of geothermal water use power plant, etc. Analysis and evaluation of polymeric materials exposed to geothermal heat at depths; Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaiahtsu ni tomonau data no kaiseki hyoka. Shinbu chinetsuyo kobunshi zairyo no kaiseki hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenmochi, K.; Takahashi, J.; Takayanagi, H.; Tsuda, H.; Nagai, H.; Takeuchi, K. [Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Tokyo (Japan); Nagasawa, C. [Kumamoto Prefectural Industrial Technology Center, Kumamoto (Japan); Hamada, T. [Science University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Industrial Science and Technology

    1998-11-20

    Remaining life assessment technologies for polymeric materials for geothermal power generation and methods for improving their heat resistance are reviewed, and concepts of scale-free technologies for FRP (fiber-reinforced plastic)-sandwiched pipelines for hot water transportation are described. Materials based on PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) and NBR (acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber) are chosen for use as DHM (down-hole motor) sealing material and for application to the stator. With PTFE as the matrix, four candidates are prepared, which are additive-free PTFE, and GF/PTFE, GF/CF/PTFE, CF/PTFE, each containing 20w% GF (glass fiber) and/or 20w% CF (carbon fiber). With NBR serving as the matrix, two candidates are prepared, which are NBR-A containing 20w% aramid fiber and NBR-W which is a vulcanized NBR-A. External force, heat, light, and mud are named as the degradation factors, and each factor and some combinations of external force, heat, and light are repeatedly imposed on the materials. During the effort to develop an apparatus for simulating geothermal circumstances in which the factors will affect the materials in complicated ways, a life assessment technique is developed for such polymeric materials. A technology is developed for providing polymeric rubber elastomer with a heat resistant feature. A study is made to replace transportation pipelines for injection wells with FRP sandwiched pipelines. (NEDO)

  12. Analysis and evaluation for practical application of photovoltaic power generation system. Analysis and evaluation for development of extra-high efficiency solar cells (fundamental research on extra-high efficiency Si solar cells); Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka no tame no kaiseki hyoka. Chokokoritsu taiyo denchi no gijutsu kaihatsu no tame no kaiseki hyoka (chokokoritsu silicon taiyo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekikawa, T; Suzuki, E; Ishikawa, K; Takato, H; Yui, N; Shimokawa, R [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for analysis and evaluation for development of extra-high efficiency silicon solar cells. It is necessary for development of extra-high efficiency Si solar cells to extend as far as possible service life of minority carriers and to develop the evaluation techniques. Noting photoluminescence (PL) observable even with Si, the method of evaluating characteristics of minority carriers, which are not limited in samples, is developed to experimentally determine their service life from transitional response of the PL characteristics. Si has an extremely low quantum effect, because it is an indirect transitional semiconductor, and needs measurement of very high sensitivity. A rapid heat annealing apparatus and others to generate carriers in the infrared and ultraviolet regions are provided in consideration that these are possible means to increase efficiency. These possibilities will be pursued by developing the annealing techniques. 1 fig.

  13. Analysis and evaluation for practical application of photovoltaic power generation system. Analysis and evaluation of peripheral technology for photovoltaic power system (analysis and evaluation on photovoltaic systems); Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka no tame no kaiseki hyoka. Shuhen gijutsu kaihatsu no tame no kaiseki hyoka (taiyoko hatsuden system shingata chikudenchi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurokawa, K; Endo, E; Tsuda, I; Nakamura, K; Sugiyama, Y; Nakazawa, S; Takaku, K; Yanagisawa, T; Kojima, T; Shimizu, K; Koyanagi, T; Onda, N; Nozaki, K; Negishi, A; Kaneko, Y [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for analysis and evaluation of new storage batteries for photovoltaic power systems. Quantitative analysis and evaluation are made for introduction of intermittent operational mode in the conventional power supply system in which electrolyte units are connected in parallel and for improved performance by bubbles flowing into the line that supplies the electrolyte to the stack, in order to establish the configurations of and operational procedures for the redox flow batteries. The study on development of redox battery compares the Pb-Sn alloy felt collector with carbon fiber, Pb-Sb alloy felt and the lattice for the conventional lead acid battery, in order to optimize the new lead felt battery. As a result, it is found that the Pb-Sn alloy felt collector is better than any other device tested, because of its higher freedom with respect to electrode shape and battery size. The study on reliability evaluation of amorphous solar cells tests photoelectric conversion efficiency of a-Si solar cells, in order to elucidate the phenomena where degradation and rejuvenation compete with each other under weak light irradiation conditions. 8 figs., 1 tab.

  14. Analysis and evaluation for practical application of photovoltaic power generation system. Research and development of elemental technologies for thin-type solar cells; Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka no tame no kaiseki hyoka. Usugata takessho taiyo denchi jitsuyoka no tame no kaiseki hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekikawa, T; Shimokawa, R; Yui, N; Takato, H; Takahashi, T; Ishii, K; Suzuki, E; Nagai, K; Kawanami, H; Tanimoto, J; Sakuta, H; Iwata, Y; Saito, N; Koyama, K; Sawada, S [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for analysis and evaluation for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells. In order to analyze the structures of the grain boundaries in and interfaces with the cell substrate, and their effects on electrical activity, the photoluminescence (PL) measurement which enables spectroscopic analysis is applied to electromagnetically cast Si crystals. There are good correlations among PL luminous intensity, MBIC output and dislocation density for the grain boundary which contains many strains and serves as the dislocation source, because carriers in such a grain boundary easily disappear to reduce its luminous intensity at the band ends. Concrete scenarios for realizing thin-film silicon solar cells of high efficiency are presented, based on the analysis of the light-contained thin-film silicon solar cells of high output current, made in the previous year on a trial basis. An alumina substrate of high reflectivity is produced by the experiments of combining various devices. It is expected to realize high output current for the thin-film solar cells. 3 figs.

  15. Analysis and evaluation for practical application of photovoltaic power generation system. Analysis and evaluation for extra-high efficiency solar cells (research on new concentrator modules); Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka no tame no kaiseki hyoka. Chokokoritsu taiyo denchi no gijutsu kaihatsu no tame no kaiseki hyoka (shingata shuko module)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanimoto, J; Sakuta, K; Sawada, S; Yaoita, A [Electrotechnical Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY1994 research program for analysis and evaluation of concentrator modules for extra-high efficiency solar cells. The outdoor exposure tests have been under way for 3 years for fluorescent plates, as part of the research program for development of materials and elementary techniques, and essentially no degradation has been observed by the perylene pigment test. Coupling of the fluorescent concentrator and solar cell units is investigated for the coupling position and method, to theoretically analyze geometrical coupling efficiency, where they are coupled at the bottom faces in consideration of easiness of module fabrication. It is demonstrated that a high coupling efficiency can be realized when the cell is sufficiently wide relative to thickness of the fluorescent plate. The coupling method is experimentally examined using transparent silicon gel. A prototype module having the same size as the commercial module (420mm by 960mm) is made on a trial basis, where a total of nine 20mm-thick cells are cut out of a single-crystalline silicon solar cell, 100mm by 100mm in size, and are connected to concentrators at the bottom faces. It shows 2.3 times increased output by the test using a large-area solar simulator. 2 figs.

  16. Fiscal 1998 New Sunshine Program achievement report. Development for practical application of photovoltaic system - Research and development of photovoltaic system evaluation technology (Research, development, and survey of crystalline solar cell evaluation system); 1998 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (kesshokei taiyo denchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In the basic study of ultrahigh-efficiency cells, the technology of ribbon crystal growing is again attracting attention for shortage of Si material supply. The new technology and problems to solve for cost reduction for it are discussed. Concerning the bulk type crystalline Si which is a core material, recent trends are mentioned involving studies of basic substrate properties such as the photoabsorption coefficient and crystal defects for achieving higher efficiency, development of gettering and surface passivation technologies, enhancement of processing speeds, radiation concentration behavior, etc. Newly obtained findings about photodegradation are mentioned, and some remedial measures are described. Recent reports on the application of porous Si to solar cells are compiled. In connection with the development of low-cost quantity-production process technologies, a remarkable progress recently marked by polycrystalline Si solar cells is described. Furthermore, it is stated that new process technologies will be required in the fields of material refining, substrate manufacturing, and cell fabrication. A proposition is presented aiming at developing cell modules compatible with application systems and practicalizing modules that may be integrated with roofing materials. Reference is also made to surveys overseas. (NEDO)

  17. Survey for development feasibility in fiscal 1999 investigation of geothermal development and promotion. Evaluation report on practicability technology survey SWD method (Evaluation report concerning verification test); 1999 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa no uchi kaihatsu kanosei chosa. Jitsuyoka gijutsu chosa SWD ho hyoka hokokusho (jissho shiken ni kakawaru hyoka hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    An evaluation test was conducted on SWD (Seismic While Drilling) method as a part of the investigation of geothermal development and promotion. The test was implemented at the time of drilling of N11-MD-3 well in the northeast base area of Busadake, Hokkaido. The test items were such as verification of direct waves propagating from a bit to the surface, identification of signals passing through a fault zone using direct waves and reflected waves, estimation of distance between a fault and a bent zone, and grasping the direction of signal propagation at the time of inclined drilling. As a result of the experiments and studies, following conclusions were obtained. Reflected waves extracted are not necessarily limited to those from a reflection area from which the shape of a fault can be grasped; unless there is a clear reflection area that can be picked up on the surface near a fault, the application of this method is not effective. In an analysis using direct waves, it was possible to obtain an inclined angle of a fault plane from the estimation of velocity structure, propagation route, and assumption of the shape of the fault plane and, therefore, to grasp the shape of the fault. Obtaining reference data is essential for identifying bit signals. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1998 New Sunshine Program achievement report. Development for practical application of photovoltaic system - Research and development of photovoltaic system evaluation technology (Research and development of system evaluation technology); 1998 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (system hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In relation with several types of standard photovoltaic power generation systems expected to be put to practical use, design parameters are quantified, databases are utilized, and simulation technologies are developed, while collecting data from test facilities constructed to simulate them, for the development of evaluation techniques indispensable for the efficient improvement of photovoltaic power generation systems. In fiscal 1998, data were collected from verification test facilities and residential photovoltaic systems sited across Japan. The collected data were subjected to analysis and simulation, by which correction factors were calculated for smudge, spectral response, incident radiation, and temperature. Furthermore, load matching factors and storage battery contribution rates were calculated by simulation for the stand-alone photovoltaic systems sited in five Japanese cities, each comprising an array, storage battery, charge/discharge controller, DC-DC converter, and a load. Reference is also made to a survey of trends of technology development. (NEDO)

  19. Performance evaluation of solar heating system with thermal core type soil heat storage. Part 5. Performance prediction and evaluation of the system considered of the weather condition; Taiyonetsu riyo netsu kakushiki dojo chikunetsu system no seino hyoka. 5. Kisho joken wo koryoshita system no seino yosoku to hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, N [Nishimatsu Construction Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Nakajima, Y [Kogakuin University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-11-25

    The paper studied a solar heating system with thermal core type soil heat storage (combining a thermal core composing of a water tank and an underground pebble tank and the soil around the heat storage tank and also using solar energy). Solar energy is stored by temperature level in the high temperature water tank, the low temperature pebble heat storage tank and the soil around the heat storage tank. Heat is recovered according to temperature as direct ventilation space heating (utilization of pebble tank air), floor heating (utilization of hot water of the heat storage water tank) and heat pump heat source (utilization of pebble tank air). A study was made of performance and regional effectiveness of the system under different weather conditions. A study was also made of effects of the water tank for short term heat storage by changing the water volume. Using the same structure, etc. for the system, the system was evaluated using weather data of Sapporo, Tokyo and Kagoshima. In terms of efficiency of the system, the system structure was found to be most suitable for weather conditions in Tokyo. However, the air heat source heat pump which cannot be usually used in the cold area has come to be used. Such effect except efficiency is also considered, and the amount of performance to be targeted in each region changes. 2 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Research report for fiscal 1996 on analysis and evaluation of demonstration tests for establishment of residential photovoltaic power generation load leveling technology. Evaluation on durability of device installed with inverter to protect grid connection; 1996 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Jutaku you taiyoko hatsuden fuka heijunka gijutsu tou kakuritsu jissho shiken ni kansuru kaiseki hyoka - Inbata tsuki keito renkei hogo sochi no taikyusei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Discussions and evaluations have been performed on the safety and durability of the device installed with inverter to protect grid connection being an important device in the photovoltaic power generation system. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1996. The current fiscal year performed data collection and long-term continuous operation according to the durability test program for the device installed with inverter to protect grid connection, as the continuation from the previous fiscal year. In the electrical characteristics, although no large changes have been found in AC overvoltage and AC undervoltage, instability was observed in the detection level. With regard to temperatures in different components, the temperature rise has become nearly the same as in the maximum output continuous operation as a result of the repetition of the operation and shutdown, whereas the influence on the electrical and thermal stresses have increased. Particularly, when temperature rise in the AC side noise filter was given observation, the measurement of conductive high-frequency terminal voltage showed a value higher by several ten dB than in the previous fiscal year. The current fiscal year has gone farther to starting the measurement of noise electric field intensity as the base of electromagnetic interference. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1994 research report. Demonstration test for establishing technology for peakload shaving with dispersed small residential PV systems (Evaluation of weatherability of house-use solar light electric power generating system equipment); 1994 nendo jutakuyo taiyoko hatsuden fuka heijunka gijutsu nado kakuritsu jissho shiken ni kansuru kaiseki hyoka no uchi jutakuyo taiyoko hatsuden system kiki no taikosei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    Weatherability tests such as exposure to the atmosphere are conducted to collect and accumulate information on the degradation of house-use photovoltaic equipment expected to come into use in areas where weather conditions are hostile. Based on the thus collected data, analysis and evaluation are conducted about the mechanisms of corrosion and degradation for the establishment of designing and evaluating methods for maintaining weatherability. Since fiscal 1994 is the first year of the project, preparations are made for tests to be conducted. In carrying out research activities, a Weatherability Evaluation Committee for House-Use Solar Light Electric Power Generating System Equipment is organized, who discuss implementation of the project. Discussion is made on the shape and structural materials of the exposure rack. An aluminum alloy coated with a clear coating of alumite sulfate is selected, and a rack is built. Specifications of a sea salt particle collector are discussed, and preparations are made for arresting and quantifying sea salt particles under the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) dry gauze method and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) wet candle method. Solar cell module initial characteristics are measured. (NEDO)

  2. Research report for fiscal 1995 on analysis and evaluation of demonstration tests for establishment of residential photovoltaic power generation load leveling technology. Evaluation on durability of device installed with inverter to protect grid connection; 1995 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Jutaku you taiyoko hatsuden fuka heijunka gijutsu tou kakuritsu jissho shiken ni kansuru kaiseki hyoka - Inbata tsuki keito renkei hogo sochi no taikyusei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Discussions and evaluations have been performed on the safety and durability of the device installed with inverter to protect grid connection being an important device in the photovoltaic power generation system. In discussing the durability test items, electrical property changes were observed on AC overvoltage, AC undervoltage, frequency rise, and frequency fall, as the continuation from the previous fiscal year, in order to evaluate temperature rise in different parts due to lapse of operation time and the effects of thermal stress in each component on the stress of the entire product. Furthermore, verification of single operation detecting function, tests on sudden input power change, sudden grid voltage change, and measurement of conductive high frequency terminal voltage were conducted in addition to the above observations. In discussing the durability test methods, repetition of operation and shutdown during the rated operation was adopted in place of the simulated operation using variation in the insolation having been discussed in the previous year. As a result of the tests, no noticeable changes were recognized from the evaluation result after a lapse of 5,000 hours from the start of the operation, as compared to those after the aging operation. (NEDO)

  3. Research report for fiscal 1997 on analysis and evaluation of demonstration tests for establishment of residential photovoltaic power generation load leveling technology. Evaluation on durability of device installed with inverter to protect grid connection; 1997 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Jutaku you taiyoko hatsuden fuka heijunka gijutsu tou kakuritsu jissho shiken ni kansuru kaiseki hyoka - Inbata tsuki keito renkei hogo sochi no taikyusei hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Tests and discussions have been performed on the safety and durability of the device installed with inverter to protect grid connection, being an important device in the photovoltaic power generation system. The particularly important requirements demanded in the device were specified as maintenance of electric power quality, coordination with the protection system in the grid side, and assurance of safety of personnel and facilities. The current fiscal year has performed operation corresponding to that in the actual field for 20 years in total, and the evaluation tests on electrical characteristics and electric power quality. This paper summarizes the achievements in four years including the results available up to the previous fiscal year. Although no large change has been identified in the electrical characteristics, variance has been found in the detection time of overvoltage in the grid side. With regard to the electric power quality, the value has exceeded 89 dB as the determining condition for the certification test in the conduction interfering waves of 5 kHz to 10 kHz. In addition, it was confirmed that the conductive high-frequency noise terminal voltage in the grid side after the repetition of operations and shutdowns tends to increase according to the operation lapse time. (NEDO)

  4. Quantitative evaluation of ground improvement by chemical grouting using electrical resistivity. Part 3. Applicability of evaluation of improved region by resistivity tomography; Denki hiteiko ni yoru yakueki chunyu kairyo koka no teiryoteki hyoka hoho. 3. Hiteiko tomography wo riyoshita jiban kairyo han`i hyoka hoho no tekiyosei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Komine, H. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-02-01

    This paper describes a method for evaluating grouting that is a means for improving the ground for excavation for building underground structures in urban areas. This is an effort for improving reliability, and evaluates the rate of filling of the water glass base chemical liquid injected for improving the ground utilizing the fact that this liquid is higher in conductivity than the soil or ground water. An experiment was conducted using a model ground so as to define the limit of applicability of this resistivity tomography by studying electrode arrangements and difference in resistivity between the grouted liquid and ground water. It was then found that the liquid-injected region is evaluated more accurately when the measuring electrodes are installed nearer to the region, that evaluation is satisfactorily accomplished when the region spans not less than 75% of the distance between the electrodes, that higher accuracy is expected when the difference in resistivity is greater between the grouted liquid and ground water, that evaluation is satisfactorily accomplished when the resistivity of the grouted liquid is not more than 10% of that of ground water, and that any grouting liquid usable for ground improvement in civil engineering in urban areas can be applied to any other grounds except where there is influence of seawater. 31 refs., 55 figs., 8 tabs.

  5. Report on results concerning development of supermetal technology (FY1999-2000). Development of evaluation technology for formability of super metal (development of evaluation technology for formability of recrystallized microstructured plate); Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (1999 - 2000 nendo). Super metal no seikeisei hyoka gijutsu nado no kaihatsu (bisai saikesshotsububan no seikeisei hyoka gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In connection with the innovative manufacturing of large base materials having a mesoscopic grain structure by means of technologies for high deformation accumulation control, recovery/recrystallization control, etc., research was conducted on evaluation technology for various characteristics such as formability, with fiscal 2000 results compiled. For the purpose of evaluating average grain size from an optical microscopic photograph of structures, it was judged reasonable to determine the average cut piece length. A device introduced to this development project was a horizontal goniometer capable of ODF (crystallite orientation distribution function)/pole figure measurement, qualitative analysis, and residual stress measurement. With warm rolling performed by controlling both material temperature of 7475 based alloys and roll temperature, thermally stable micro sub-grain structures were obtained. As a result of ODF analysis of this warm-rolled material, it was found that a {beta} orientation group existed very sharply in the area from the sheet surface to the center planar part of the thickness. The grain refinement of 5083 based alloys using a warm rolling method was also successful, with its ODF analysis revealing that the accumulation of the {beta} orientation group was very high as in the 7475 based warm-rolled materials. (NEDO)

  6. New Sunshine Program for fiscal 2000. Development of photovoltaic power system commercialization technology (Research and development of solar cell evaluation system - Survey of research and development of solar cell evaluation system); 2000 nendo New sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu - Taiyodenchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu - Taiyodenchi hyoka system no kenkyu kaihatsu chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Surveys and studies were conducted for establishing methods for evaluating solar cell performance and reliability. In the effort to develop basic technologies for the comprehensive evaluation of the performance of various types of solar cells and modules, an ultrahigh matching solar simulator and a large area solar simulator were built. The long-term exposure tests of solar cell modules kept on at 5 sites in Japan, 3 sites in Australia, and 1 site in Oman, and the databasing of the test data was planned. In the long-term evaluation of solar cell durability, investigations centered about module deterioration, where abnormal heat generation was observed, cause of increased resistance was inspected, and separation between the cell and the filler was examined. In the development of an accelerated photodegradation test method, it was found that the result of a light-dark cycle test with the ambient temperature varied agreed excellently with the results of outdoor exposure tests. It was consequently proved that the light-dark cycle test was a very promising candidate for an accelerated photodegradation test for a-Si solar cells. (NEDO)

  7. Effect of H2O and Y(O on Oxidation Behavior of NiCoCrAl Coating Within Thermal Barrier Coating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WANG Yi-qun

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available NiCoCrAl coatings containing Y and Y oxide were made using vacuum plasma deposition and high-velocity oxygen fuel respectively, high temperature oxidation dynamics and cross-section microstructures of NiCoCrAl+Y and NiCoCrAl+Y(O coatings in Ar-16.7%O2, Ar-3.3%H2O and Ar-0.2%H2-0.9%H2O at 1100℃ were investigated by differential thermal analysis (DTA and optical and electron microscope. The influencing mechanism of Y oxide on the oxidation of coatings at different atmosphere was compared by computation using First-Principles. The results show that Al2O3 layer on NiCoCrAl+Y coatings has more holes for internal oxidation on account of the element Y diffusion and enrichment on the interface. In addition, steam can promote the internal oxidation. While a thinner and uniform alumina form on NiCoCrAl+Y(O coatings because element Y is pinned by oxygen atoms during the preparation of coatings. Water vapor has less influence on protective alumina formation on the NiCoCrAl+Y(O coating. Therefore, oxidation behavior of NiCoCrAl coatings vary in composition and structure in different oxidizing atmosphere. Besides, Y and Y-enrichment oxides have key influences on the microstructure and the growth rate.

  8. "Y yo pasé, sereno entre los viles: Estado, Revolución e Iglesia en Cuba, 1959-1961"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaskun ÁLVAREZ CUARTERO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente artículo aborda las relaciones mantenidas entre la Iglesia católica y el gobierno de La Habana desde el triunfo de la Revolución hasta 1961, fecha de la salida de numerosos sacerdotes y religiosas de la isla. Se reconstruye y analiza un corto período de tiempo que marcaría un punto de inflexión en dichas relaciones, iniciando una nueva etapa dentro del largo proceso revolucionario cubano.ABSTRACT: The present article studies the relations between the Catholic Church and the govenment of Havana from the triumph of the Revolution to 1961; in this year, most of the priests and nuns were sent of the island. The article analyzes that time which means a valuable change in the nature of those relations, beginning a new phase within the long Cuban revolutionary process.

  9. EX1103: Exploration and Mapping, Galapagos Spreading Center: Mapping, CTD, Tow-Yo, and ROV on NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer (EM302)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This cruise will be composed of two separate legs. The first leg will be a transit from San Diego, CA to the Galapagos Spreading Center, where multibeam mapping, CTD...

  10. Yo soy el profesor”: Héroe mítico y nueva masculinidad en el manga Great Teacher Onizuka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azul Kikey Castelli-Olvera

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is the analysis of Japanese comics Great Teacher Onizuka, created by the artist Tōru Fujisawa and published in Mexico in 2006 by Editorial Vid. Through the analysis of image and text, we analyze the way in which the main character, Onizuka, is building like a hero according to the theory of heroic adventure, the mythological cycle and characteristics assigned Joseph Campbell to the mythical hero. On the other hand, we want to examine the way in which the protagonist transgress stereotypes of masculinity based on figures powerful physical appearance, which embody a set of moral values and, through different attributes and actions contribute to shaping the male identity linked to violence in the patriarchal system. We intend to visualize how the character of Onizuka although it plays a mythical hero, represents a break in the schemes of masculinity by showing an alternate model of “being a man”.

  11. Synthesis and characterization of sodium cation-conducting Nax(MyL1-yO2 (M = Ni2+, Fe3+; L = Ti4+, Sb5+

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marques, F. M. B.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The Na+-conducting ceramics of layered Na0.8Ni0.4Ti0.6O2, Na0.8Fe0.8Ti0.2O2, Na0.8Ni0.6Sb0.4O2 (structural type O3 and Na0.68Ni0.34Ti0.66O2 (P2 type with density higher than 91% were prepared via the standard solid-state synthesis route and characterized by the impedance spectroscopy, thermal analysis, scanning electron microscopy, structure refinement using X-ray powder diffraction data, measurements of Na+ concentration cell e.m.f., and dilatometry. The conductivity of antimonate Na0.8Ni0.6Sb0.4O2, synthesized first time, was found lower than that of isostructural Na0.8Ni0.4Ti0.6O2 due to larger ion jump distance between Na+ sites. At temperatures above 420 K, transport properties of sodium cationconducting materials are essentially independent of partial water vapor pressure. In the low-temperature range, the conductivity reversibly increases with water vapor pressure varied in the range from approximately 0 (dry air up to 0.46 atm. The sensitivity to air humidity is influenced by the ceramic microstructure, being favored by increasing boundary area. The average thermal expansion coefficients of layered materials at 300-1173 K are in the range (13.7-16.0×10-6 K-1.Se han preparado cerámicas conductoras conteniendo Na+ de composición Na0.8Ni0.4Ti0.6O2, Na0.8Fe0.8Ti0.2O2, Na0.8Ni0.6Sb0.4O2 (tipo estructural O3 y Na0.68Ni0.34Ti0.66O2 (tipo P2 con densidad mayor del 91%. Las vía de preparación fu la ruta de estandard de síntesis en estado sólido. Las composiciones se caracterizaron mediante espectroscopía de impedancia, análisis térmico, microscopía electrónica de barrido, refinamiento de la estructura usando datos de difracción de rayos X en polvo, medidas de concentración de Na+, f.e.m. de la célula y dilatometría. La conductividad del antimoniate, sintetizado por primera vez, Na0.8Ni0.6Sb0.4O2, era menor que la del compuesto isoestructural Na0.8Ni0.4Ti0.6O2 debido a la mayor distancia de salto iónico entre las posiciones de Na+. A temperaturas por encima de 420 K, las propiedades de transporte de los materiales conductores que contienen cations sodio son esencialmente independientes de la presión parcial de vapor de agua. En el intervalo de baja temperatura, la conductividad aumenta reversiblemente con la presión de vapor de agua variando en un intervalo de aproximadamente 0 (aire seco hasta 0.46 atm. La sensibilidad a la humedad del aire está influída por la microestructura de la cerámica, estando favorecida al aumentar el área de borde. Los coeficientes de dilatación térmica medios de los materiales laminares entre 300 y 1173 K están en el intervalo (13.7-16.0×10-6 K-1.

  12. Valor localizador y lateralizador de la manifestación motora facial unilateral en epilepsias focales, utilizando VEEG y/o estimulación cortical directa cerebral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Paoli

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Las manifestaciones motoras faciales unilaterales (MMFU se describen clásicamente en crisis que inician en la región central inferior contralateral. Para evaluar el valor localizador y lateralizador de MMFU en crisis espontáneas registradas en videoelectroencefalografía (VEEG y de MMFU obtenidas por estimulación cortical directa cerebral, analizamos 83 crisis con MMFU durante VEEG y 8 pacientes que presentaron MMFU durante estimulación cortical directa cerebral. Correlacionamos localización y lateralidad de la hipótesis de zona epileptógena con el tiempo de aparición  de MMFU, y la zona de estimulación cortical directa cerebral que desencadenó MMFU con su lateralidad. En 61 crisis con MMFU (73.4% la hipótesis de zona epileptógena no correspondió a la región central contralateral, por corresponder a la región central ipsilateral o a otras regiones tanto homolaterales como contralaterales. La MMFU se registró en forma precoz en 51.1% de las crisis con hipótesis de zona epileptógena en la región frontal, en  56% de las crisis con hipótesis de zona epileptógena en la región central y en 80% de las crisis con hipótesis de zona epileptógena en el lóbulo temporal. No registramos MMFU precoz  en las crisis con hipótesis de zona epileptógena en la región posterior. En 2 (25% de 8 pacientes con MMFU provocada por estimulación cortical directa cerebral, la zona de la estimulación no fue la región central inferior contralateral. Concluimos que las MMFU pueden deberse a descargas alejadas de la región central inferior, tanto ipsilaterales como contralaterales.

  13. Competencia de los juzgados letrados del trabajo para entender en casos de defraudación y/o simulación en perjuicio de acreedores laborales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Dodera

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente memografia es demostrar jurídicamente que los Juzgados Letrados de Primera Instancia del Trabajo de Turno, en Montevideo o en el Interior, cuando hubieren estos tribunales especializados, son los competentes para entender en las accionespaulianas, ocurridos en peIjuicio de acreedores laborales, por sobre los Juzgados Letrados de Primera Instancia en lo Civil de Turno.A esta conclusión llegaremos tomando en consideración argumentos procesales y suslanciales.Contenido: Competencia de los juzgados letrados de primera instancia del trabajo. Argumentos procesales. Argumentos de derecho sustancial, del derecho laboral. Conclusiones

  14. Insulation model of power lead for 66 kV class superconducting fault current limiter; Chodendo genryuki denryu rido yo zetsuen no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakai, M.; Fukuda, A.; Shimada, M.; Urata, M. [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Okuma, T.; Sato, Y.; Iwata, Y. [Tokyo Electric Power Co. Ink., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-06-07

    We advance the development of high-temperature superconductivity current limiter using the normal conduction transition. Since the rated voltage is high with 66kV, we desire that solid insulation which consists of main insulating layer and multiple layers in semiconductive layer is conducted to the current lead which connects the ordinary temperature and very low temperature division. And, it is necessary to sufficiently decrease the void, since crack proof and dielectric strength lower, when large bubble exists in the main insulating layer. We use ethylene propylene rubber for the solid insulation of superconducting cable. Though filler has entered the EP-rubber, the formability lowers, when we put filler in, and the void becomes easy to be generated. Then, we produced the current lead insulation model using the EP-rubber without filler, and we carried out crack-resistant test and withstand voltage test. (NEDO)

  15. La Sala Amadís (1961–1975: arte y/o franquismo = Sala Amadís, 1961–1975: art and/or Francoism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel A. Verdú Schumann

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto estudia la historia de la sala oficial Amadís entre 1961 y 1975. Para su realización se ha empleado documentación inédita del Archivo General de la Administración y se ha entrevistado a uno de sus directores, Juan Antonio Aguirre, así como a otra figura relevante de la administración cultural de la época, Juan Van-Halen Acedo. Los datos obtenidos sugieren una nueva lectura de su política de exposiciones, que estaría más cercana a la estrategia franquista de propaganda y (despolitización del informalismo en los años 50 y 60, que de ser un caballo de Troya modernizador fruto de la iniciativa de Aguirre.This paper analyses the history of the state-owned gallery Sala Amadís during 1961 and 1975. It is based on both unpublished documents from the Spanish General Administration Archive and a personal interview with one of its directors, Juan Antonio Aguirre, as well as with another relevant member of the cultural administration of the time, Juan Van-Halen Acedo. This new evidence leads to a different understanding of its exhibition policy, which seems to have been rather a follow-up of Francoist strategy of promoting and (depoliticizing Informalism in the 1950’s and 60’s than a modernizing Trojan Horse conceived solely by Aguirre.

  16. Hombres y mujeres jóvenes ante las creencias de género: ¿flexibilidad y/o resistencia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan C. Ramírez Rodríguez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo analizamos algunas creencias de los jóvenes de diferentes estratos del país respecto a las relaciones de género. Consideramos que el reconoci- miento de las creencias y su análisis nos llevan a la identificación de la flexibilidad ante los estereotipos en las relaciones de género, así como la resistencia al cambio en tales relaciones. Hemos utilizado información de la Encuesta Nacional de Juventud de 2005 para comparar distintas poblaciones de jóvenes: del país, de Jalisco y de la zona metropolitana de Guadalajara (ZMG. Encontramos que las poblaciones son heterogéneas, que hay una mayor flexibilidad en las creencias a nivel nacional que en las que se sostienen en la ZMG, donde predominan los estereotipos. La flexibilidad también es predominante entre las mujeres. Existe una proporción elevada de hombres jóvenes que sostienen creencias compatibles con la igualdad de género. Se discuten las implicaciones que las creencias tienen en las relaciones de poder.

  17. Encuestas y elecciones presidenciales de 2006: instrumento de investigación mercadotécnica y/o vaticinio electoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco de Jesús Aceves González

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza el papel de las encuestas electorales en la reciente contienda presidencial desde una perspectiva que destaca su doble dimensión: como instrumentos de la mercadotecnia política y como pronóstico electoral. En el primer caso, lo que interesa es identificar el uso de las mismas en la implementación de las estrategias comunicacionales de los candidatos mayoritarios; y en el segundo, evaluar su valor predictivo respecto a los resultados derivados de la votación emitida en la jornada electoral.

  18. Development of long life pulse power supply for copper vapor laser. Do joki laser yo chojumyo reiki dengen no kaihatsu. ; Saidai shutsuryoku unten oyobi laser hasshin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujii, T.; Goto, N.; Nemoto, K. (Central Research Inst. of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-04-01

    Long life pulse power supply for Cu vapor laser was developed. This is composed of the pulse generation circuit and the pulse compression circuit. Current pulse of 10 mu second pulse width is generated in the pulse generating circuit by switching electric charge on the condensor charged through GTO (gate turn off) thyristors. The pulse compression circuit makes the current pulse fast to 300ms utilizing the difference of inductance at the saturation and the unsaturation on the circuit which uses a reactor having saturable property using a ferromagnetic substance for the core as the magnetic switch. The operation was carried out at the GTO generasting full power. Co base amorphous alloy of low loss was used for the core of saturable inductor and the circuit efficiency of 77% could be obtained by suppressing the heat generation in core even at 4,000Hz operation. The full output power of 8.2kW was possible which corresponds to 100W class laser oscillation. Repeated Cu vapor laser oscillation of 30W succeeded at the condition of 4,000Hz and power supply output of 5.9kW. 7 refs., 21 figs., 8 tabs.

  19. Identificación Social y/o Percepción de Similitud: Aproximación a los Efectos Diferenciales sobre el Esencialismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Saldivia Ojeda

    Full Text Available RESUMEN La presente investigación trata de la relación causal de dos procesos asociados al esencialismo (creer en la existencia de una esencia común a todos los miembros de un grupo: la identificación social y la similitud. Su objetivo fue determinar el rol de ambos procesos sobre el esencialismo psicológico. Mediante un estudio transversal correlacional, 200 personas (muestreo no aleatorio fueron medidas en ambas variables y en esencialismo (endo y exogrupal. Los resultados indican efectos diferenciales según el tipo de esencialismo (endo o exogrupal. El endogrupal es explicado por la identificación grupal (autocategorización y compromiso grupal. El exogrupal, depende de la identificación (autocategorización y la similitud (homogeneidad. Se discuten estos resultados en torno a sus consecuencias para las relaciones intergrupales.

  20. UV absorption coefficients of Y2(1-x-y)Gd2xEu2yO3 phosphors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ling, M.; Yocom, P.W.; Soules, T.F.

    1990-01-01

    The ability of a phosphor to absorb 254 nm excitation is important in the development of phosphors for fluorescent lamps. Recently the optical properties of phosphor coating were modeled using ray tracing Monte-Carlo techniques. These calculations provided a relationship between absorptance measured on a semi-infinite plaque at a given wavelength and the product of the absorption coefficient of the phosphor and its particle diameter. The purpose of this work is to provide experimental data for comparison with the calculated data, to demonstrate a technique for obtaining absorption coefficients and to provide UV absorption coefficients obtained in this way for important yttrium oxide europium red-emitting phosphors