WorldWideScience

Sample records for way of life

  1. A Way of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangFeng

    2003-01-01

    About a decade ago,I read a book of collected essays called Purple Bodhi Tree, by Lin Qingxuan, a Taiwanese writer, whose preface deeply impressed me. It goes like this: "...the aging beauty is miserable, and the aging hero is mournful, while the aging common people are utterly helpless. We can neither refuse death nor resist aging. What do we wish to have when we are old? A mansion, land, or fortune? Fame, honor, or position? A wife, beauty, or descendants? Happiness, safety, or health? Wisdom, freedom, or benevolence?

  2. Ways of life analysis and food culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Land, Birgit

    Executive Summary 1. People's food patterns are among other things influenced by their social environments. Analysing the relationship between the social environment and food culture is an important lead in trying to derive consumer objectives directed towards the food sector. 2. The way of life...... typology proposed by Højrup may be a useful device for analysing how the social environment impacts food patterns. Højrup proposes three ways of life: the independent way of life, the wage-earner way of life, and the career-bound way of life. He relates these types to empirical observation by qualitative...... applied to large-scale social changes which affect everyday life. Work by Ziehe, which describes such changes by the processes of technocratization and destruction of tradition, is invoked to supplement way of life analysis....

  3. An Urban Way of Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Kirstine

    be investigated by presenting an example from my ongoing PhD work. The example is derived from the excavations that took place in Odense from 2013 to 2015. Up to several meters of well-preserved stratigraphy were excavated applying a strictly managed contextual method, reflexive interpretation of the formation...... it will illustrate how towns are the meeting place for people, ideas and things. This melting pot of impressions, inspiration, innovation and practices that makes town life is a key element in defining and understanding urbanism. By the example presented in this paper I wish to disentangle the many inputs...

  4. Personal ways of handling everyday life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lasse Meinert

    structures of daily life, such as work schedules, transport itineraries, business opening hours, and calendars with workdays and weekends.  These structures order the activities of persons.  The project explores how persons conduct their everyday life in relation to such arrangements, by looking......While there has been repeated calls for Personality Psychology to study persons' behavior in real situations (for instance, Funder, 2001; Baumeister, Funder & Vohs, 2005), what persons actually do in their everyday lives is still a neglected area of research in Personality Psychology.  But studying...... behavior risks substituting a context-free personality with a personality bound to a single given situation - when persons actually move in and across different contexts in their everyday lives.  Therefore, this project studies "personality" from a different angle: Everyday situations are set within social...

  5. Ways that Social Change Predicts Personal Quality of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Chau-Kiu; Leung, Kwok

    2010-01-01

    A notable way that social change affects personal quality of life would rely on the person's experience with social change. This experience may influence societal quality of life and quality of work life, which may in turn affect personal quality of life. Additionally, the experience of social change is possibly less detrimental to personal…

  6. Organization (Theory) as a Way of Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    du Gay, Paul

    2015-01-01

    to this customary view, the present article seeks to indicate the continuing significance of classical organization theory, for both analysing and intervening in organizational life. This necessitates a reconstruction of the conventional understanding of this received term, one in which classical organization...... theory is viewed less as ‘theory’ in the conventional sense, but rather as a geographically dispersed, institutionally disconnected and historically discontinuous ‘stance’, characterized, inter alia, by a pragmatist call to experience, an antithetical attitude to ‘high’ or transcendental theorizing, and...

  7. Moving on: a way of life

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keever, C.

    1985-01-01

    In the history of ecology, Catherine Keever is a piece of the rock. Her doctoral research at Duke, published in Ecological Monographs in 1950, is a classic demonstration of some of the causes of patterns in the early stages of old field succession and has been widely referenced and reprinted over the years. Her well-known paper with Elsie Quarterman on the southern mixed hardwood forest climax of the southeastern Coastal Plain, which also appeared in Ecological Monographs (1962), remains the definitive description of this complex forest. The seeds for her delightful autobiography were planted several years ago by former colleagues at Duke, who prompted her to record some of the stories of her graduate education and her experiences in ecological research and teaching, and by younger relatives eager to learn more of the history of their family in rural North Carolina. The result is an entertaining and moving account full of homey descriptions of her youthful escapades, amusing anecdotes about her studies and teaching, and moments of sadness and triumph. The fifteen chapters tell of a life that saw much change. They begin with her childhood and her grandmother's pioneer story, follow through her long struggle for an education and her untiring efforts to continue research while teaching at small colleges, and relate her confident approach to retirement. Besides the personnel story, there are intriguing insights into the early development of ecology in the southeast. Catherine Keever's modest but highly-respected research has long been recognized s influencing ecological thought in the 1950s and 1960s. To those interested in the history of ecology, and particularly the contributions of women in the field, this book provides the unique perspective of a pioneer.

  8. Scholarship as a Way of Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskildsen, Kasper Risbjerg

    2016-01-01

    From the Renaissance to the nineteenth century, most European scholars considered moral cultivation as the primary purpose of the humanities. The humanities were human not just because they concerned the products of the human mind but also because they transformed scholars and students into bette...... of learning and scholarship. Within these communities, the language of virtues established common standards of collaboration and granted scholars a sense of purpose. Many of these scholars also continued to associate epistemic virtues with moral virtues....

  9. Sustaining the Northwest Way of Life.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration. Customer Services.

    1991-08-01

    These Discussion Papers are from a number of organizations with a high stake in the future performance of the Bonneville Power Administration. Bonneville solicited papers from other organizations to assure a broaded-based discussion of the topics for the 1991 Programs in Perspective. PIP meetings will be held throughout the Northwest in September. PIP runs on a two-year cycle. The first year is aimed at discussion of broad, strategic issues. The second year evaluates specific program levels for all Bonneville programs and test them for affordability against financial constraints. This year's PIP focuses on strategic-issues discussion. It specifically asks for regional discussion to help put some flesh on the skeleton of Bonneville's own vision for its future: Best for the Northwest Through Teamwork B... P... A... The Most Competitive and Socially Responsible Power System in the Nation'' Specific topics are (1) achieving social responsibility and (2) conserving Northwest competitiveness. Bonneville executives chose this vision as a means of directing the organization into and beyond the 1990s. It guides the 3000 plus employees of the agency in their day-to-day operations. By asking for discussion of the terms Most Competitive'' and Socially Responsible'' in the 1991 PIP, Bonneville intends to better understand the diverse needs of its customers and constituents, and to become of even greater service to the Northwest. The papers are designed to help stimulate thought about the dimensions of the future direction of BPA. Bonneville intends that the real substance of PIP will occur in the meetings themselves. We hope that these papers will provoke new thinking, and that the interchange of views in the meetings will produce new approaches to the issues.

  10. Under attack: a way of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Eubank

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Much of what is happening in the conflict zones ofeastern Burma is difficult to capture with photos, videoand reports. It is a slow and insidious strangulation of thepopulation rather than an all-out effort to crush them.

  11. Writing the Longtang Way of Life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheen, L.M.

    2010-01-01

    ‘Looked down upon from the highest point in the city, Shanghai’s longtang – her vast neighborhoods inside enclosed alleys – are a magnifi cent sight.’ Thus opens the award-winning novel Song of Everlasting Sorrow by the infl uential writer Wang Anyi. In this novel, Shanghai’s alleyway houses are bro

  12. Impact of yoga way of life on organizational performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhia Hasmukh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Organizational performance can be attributed to a number of factors. However, there are certain organizational factors, the presence or absence of which can determine the success or failure of the organization. There are different ways in which organizations try to improve their performance by working on such factors. In the research presented in this article, an attempt is made to find out whether adoption of the Yoga Way of Life by managers can have a positive impact on such organizational performance indicators. Aims: To measure effect of yoga way of life on five different indicators through an empirical study. Materials and Methods: The five indicators are job satisfaction, job involvement, goal orientation, affective organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. Statistics Analysis: Pre- and post-data was measured using self-reported questionnaire. Independent T-test (Paired and Pearson′s correlation test were conducted using SPSS. Results and Conclusion: The results of the study show that Yoga has a significant positive impact on four out of five of these indicators. Only job involvement does not show significant improvement. The construct used for measuring job involvement had a Chronbach alpha of 0.613, which is an indicator of moderate reliability, which could be the main reason for not getting positive result.

  13. Impact of yoga way of life on organizational performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhia, Hasmukh; Nagendra, HR; Mahadevan, B

    2010-01-01

    Background: Organizational performance can be attributed to a number of factors. However, there are certain organizational factors, the presence or absence of which can determine the success or failure of the organization. There are different ways in which organizations try to improve their performance by working on such factors. In the research presented in this article, an attempt is made to find out whether adoption of the Yoga Way of Life by managers can have a positive impact on such organizational performance indicators. Aims: To measure effect of yoga way of life on five different indicators through an empirical study. Materials and Methods: The five indicators are job satisfaction, job involvement, goal orientation, affective organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. Statistics Analysis: Pre- and post-data was measured using self-reported questionnaire. Independent T-test (Paired) and Pearson’s correlation test were conducted using SPSS. Results and Conclusion: The results of the study show that Yoga has a significant positive impact on four out of five of these indicators. Only job involvement does not show significant improvement. The construct used for measuring job involvement had a Chronbach alpha of 0.613, which is an indicator of moderate reliability, which could be the main reason for not getting positive result. PMID:21170231

  14. Which way to life?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazcano, Antonio

    2010-04-01

    If the emergence of life is seen as the evolutionary transition between the non-living and the living, then it may be meaningless to draw a strict line between these two worlds. A comparison between the metabolic- and genetic-first origin-of-life proposals is made. A comparison of the empirical evidence used in favor of the metabolic-first and genetic-first theories of the origin of life shows that many of the observations and experimental findings that are used to argue in favor of one or another view are equally consistent with the premises of both theories and do not unambiguously support neither of them. However, current biology indicates that life could not have evolved in the absence of a genetic replicating mechanism insuring the stability and diversification of its basic components.

  15. The Empty Nest Syndrome: Ways to Enhance Quality of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Dianbing; Yang, Xinxiao; Aagard, Steve Dale

    2012-01-01

    Empty nest syndrome occurs as a result of urbanization and loosened relationships among family members. It may threaten the life quality of older adults and stability of society as a whole. This survey was designed to investigate the situation and factors that influence the life quality of a sample of older adults in a western state. Thirty-five…

  16. ADAPTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF HERONS PLUMAGE FOR THEIR WAY OF LIFE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koshelev V. A.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Feather cover of each bird species reflects spectra of species, age, sex and environmental attributes defined the phylogeny of taxa, habitat and life patterns. In turn, many ecological phenomena in the birds’ life patterns are directly dependent on the state of plumage (e.g., time of breeding, seasonal migration, roost flights. For the first time the quantitative characterization of six heron species' plumage were done as well as the description of powder down feathers. The adaptive features of feathers and various types of heron’s plumages were discussed.The structure of contour feathers of herons is related to the peculiarities of species life pattern. All the species have a relatively small number of contour feathers, despite their large body size. According to this index the herons are more similar to typical wading birds (gulls, sandpipers than for waterfowl. The total number of heron feathers slightly increase in winter, because they are migratory species. Structure of contour feathers of herons corresponds to that of other waterbirds. The rod is not bent, the feathers are large, and the mounting angle to the surface of the body is little. The cores of abdominal feather fracts reduce heat transfer and can be regarded as an adaptation factor to aquatic environment.Buoyancy is provided by heron’s feathers insignificantly, in contrast to the typical waterfowl species. Significant subcutaneous fat stores are typical for herons in spring, autumn and winter, increased buoyancy and being the energy reserves provide thermoregulation in cold environment. Our data indicate weak adaptation of herons’ plumage to aquatic environments, but also confirm its insulating properties, which is prove the herons semi-aquatic rather than aquatic life patterns.Due to color of plumage some three groups of herons were considered: white, mottled and camouflaged. Coloration of second and third group performs a protective function. We didn’t found a clear

  17. Healthy way of life - the main condition of teenager's deviant behaviour prevention (historical aspect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budagjans G.N.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article is examined the scientific approaches to the notions healthy way of life, deviant, groups of social risk, difficulty to be brought up, delinquency. The main components and elements of healthy way of life are revealed (rational work-rest cycle, healthy eating, physical activity, personal hygiene, absence of bad habits. The paramount importance of the arrangement of extracurricular and out-of-school work for healthy way of life formation for deviant teenagers is underlined.

  18. PERSONIFICATION OF WAY OF LIFE TYPES OF YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN – GRADUATES OF THE UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Tigranovna Dzhaneryan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of a study aimed at research of the characteristics of personification as the substantive characteristic of each type of the way of life ideals (matrimonial, bohemian, health, career, community, social, social-protection, gnostic of young men and women – graduates of the university.Research methods: survey (questionnaire for study the way of life ideal, a content analysis of the open questions of the questionnaire, expert evaluation categories, methods of nonparametric statistics.Results. The article presents ideas about the way of life ideals, discloses its components and characteristics. In the article designated types of way of life ideals: matrimonial, bohemian, health, career, community, social-protection, gnostic. Established the features of personification of each type of boys and girl’s ideals (who are graduates of the university. The results show that all kinds of way of life ideals are personified; that there are attractive to young people personality traits of real people (or groups whose way of life influences on the construction of their own ideals of life. It is shown that the differentiation of male and female personification of ideals occurs on different parameters: for the ideals of «matrimonial life» and «career life» appears only in the parameter singularity / community; for the ideal of «social life» – in the parameters singularity / community, the psychological portrait, similarities; for the ideal of «health life» – in the parameters singularity / community, the psychological portrait, a means of implementing, similarities.Application of the results: psychological services in high schools and personnel services in different companies.

  19. A new look at the introduction of the Neolithic way of life in Southeastern Europe. Changing paradigms of the expansion of the Neolithic way of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Özdoğan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Questioning when, how and even why the Neolithic way of life appeared in Europe has been one of the most debated problems of European prehistory, leading to the formulation of various explanatory models, each providing evidence to support its point of view, but without convincing others. Conventional standpoints, one-tract thinking and considering the emergence of the Neolithic way of life as a short-term event have hampered consensus, bringing discussions almost to a dead- lock. Recent evidence has made it clear that the Neolithisation process in Europe was a multifarious event that went on for more than a millennium; thus, all previous hypotheses were correct with re- gard to their specific cases. Analytic or synthetic explicative models such as migration, colonisation, segregated infiltration, the transfer of commodities and of know-how, acculturation, assimilation, and maritime expansion that are seemingly mutually contradictory actually took place simultaneously as distinct modalities.

  20. Censorship becomes Way of Life for High School Journalists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopenhaver, Lillian Lodge

    1995-01-01

    Censorship has become routine for many student media operations at high schools nationwide, with First Amendment rights of student editors and staff members violated daily. After a brief history of American freedom of the press and censorship, the paper discusses responsibilities of administrators and advisors to student free expression. (SM)

  1. New Ways of Life, Thinking, Cause Distress in Modern Families

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    THE social news that has appeared in the media comes in all forms. Some people regard an increase in the number of divorce cases brought by omen as a sign that society has advanced. Others look at the activity of selecting "model husbands" as a trend that women are prospering, while the age of male dominance is in decline. Some say that the "single child" is an expedient measure for the state population policy, while in reality, the state has reached its goal of "fewer births, but excellent child-rearing and

  2. Feeding currents facilitate a mixotrophic way of life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lasse Tor; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    studied, and we argue that this efficiently allows the grazer to approach small-sized prey despite viscosity. Measured flow fields predict the magnitude of observed clearance rates. The fluid deformation created by swimming dinoflagellates may be detected by evasive prey, but the magnitude of flow...... alone. We argue that all phagotrophic microorganisms must have developed adaptations to counter viscosity in order to allow prey interception, and conclude that the flow fields created by the beating flagella in dinoflagellates are key to the success of these mixotrophic organisms...

  3. Definition of a urgency of conducting a healthy way of life by students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kipko G.O.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The attitude and knowledge of students about unhealthy habits is considered. 90 students took part in research. Factors which induce are resulted or prevent conducting a healthy way of life. Levels of a self-estimation of a state of health of students are shown. The resulted factors of influence on a state of health of an environment, physical, medical and hygienic activity of students. It is established what to conduct a healthy way of life to students a poor-quality feed, environmental contamination, educational overloads interfere infringement of a daily mode of dream.

  4. Definition of a urgency of conducting a healthy way of life by students.

    OpenAIRE

    Kipko G.O.

    2010-01-01

    The attitude and knowledge of students about unhealthy habits is considered. 90 students took part in research. Factors which induce are resulted or prevent conducting a healthy way of life. Levels of a self-estimation of a state of health of students are shown. The resulted factors of influence on a state of health of an environment, physical, medical and hygienic activity of students. It is established what to conduct a healthy way of life to students a poor-quality feed, environmental cont...

  5. [Is there life after trauma surgery? Way of life in retirement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klapp, F

    2012-08-01

    The transition from active working life as an emergency surgeon to retirement is accompanied by mixed feelings because the prospect of more free time and a reduced workload is overshadowed by the awareness that an important and satisfying phase in life is coming to an end. Planning well ahead will help to accept a step which will seem abrupt at the given time. Whereas moving to a different location or taking up another emergency surgery task at a reduced level should be considered with care, a social network, especially a large and interesting circle of friends and acquaintances is of considerable importance. If health allows it performing voluntary activities may not only be beneficial for the respective organisations but may also widen one's horizons. Hobbies that often had to be neglected during the period of working life can now be intensively pursued: sports, travelling, photography, gardening, handcraft, the list is long. Those who are lucky enough to have a large family, especially many grandchildren do not need to worry about sufficient tasks and lots of pleasure and diversion in old age.

  6. Life Cycle of Dust in the Magellanic Clouds and the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Zhukovska, Svitlana

    2014-01-01

    To a great extent, our understanding of the life cycle of dust is based on the observational and theoretical studies of the Milky Way and the Magellanic Clouds, which will be the topic of this contribution. Over past years, a large volume of observations with unprecedented spatial resolution has been accumulated for the Milky Way. It permits investigations of different stages of the life cycle of dust, from its formation in stellar sources to destruction in star-forming regions and supernovae shocks. Observations of dust emission, extinction, polarisation of light, and interstellar element depletions in the solar neighbourhood provide the most accurate constraints for the reference dust models applied to study extragalactic systems. However, global spatial studies of the circumstellar and interstellar dust are complicated in the Milky Way disk because of high extinction, confusion along the line of sight and large uncertainties in distances. In contrast, the favourable location in the sky and the proximity of...

  7. Impact of adoption of yoga way of life on the emotional intelligence of managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasmukh Adhia

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The popular perception that a high intelligence quotient (IQ is not necessarily a good predictor of professional and personal success has led to a growing interest in understanding the role of emotional intelligence (EI in improving the performance of business managers. This paper studies the impact of the yoga way of life on EI using data collected from 60 managers in a business enterprise and reports enhanced EI as a result of the practice of yoga. The results indicate the importance of yoga as an integral element in improving managerial performance in organisations and the need to further explore this construct in greater detail.

  8. The Galactic Habitable Zone and the Age Distribution of Complex Life in the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Lineweaver, C H; Gibson, B K; Lineweaver, Charles H.; Fenner, Yeshe; Gibson, Brad K.

    2004-01-01

    We modeled the evolution of the Milky Way to trace the distribution in space and time of four prerequisites for complex life: the presence of a host star, enough heavy elements to form terrestrial planets, sufficient time for biological evolution and an environment free of life-extinguishing supernovae. We identified the Galactic habitable zone (GHZ) as an annular region between 7 and 9 kiloparsecs from the Galactic center that widens with time and is composed of stars that formed between 8 and 4 billion years ago. This GHZ yields an age distribution for the complex life that may inhabit our Galaxy. We found that 75% of the stars in the GHZ are older than the Sun.

  9. Influence of mature men way of life on highly intensive physical activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.B. Pryshva

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Highly intensive physical activity is the most effective for men’s health protection. In modern life conditions its level is insufficient. It requires organism’s appropriate physical activity, which is determined by way of life. Especially important it is before trainings. Purpose: to study special aspects of different intensity’s physical activity; of eating special food and sleeping regime of mature men before their highly intensive physical trainings. Material: in experiment men (n=26, age - 35-53years, who practice healthy life style and independent physical activity of high intensity, participated. We used bio-register Basis B1. Every day we registered: Peak - physical activity of different intensity; duration and quality of sleep; relative weight of consumed food. Besides, we calculated body mass index and physical condition. The study was conducted during 30 days in winter period. The following results were compared: indicators before not planned physical activity and average-monthly indicators. Results: Before arbitrary physical functioning we found in men: confident weakening of average intensity (by 9-11% and low intensity (by 10% physical activity; confident increase of consumed food’s relative weight (by 6.82%, vegetarian food (by 10.64% and raw food (by 7.61%; confident reduction of animal origin food (by 8.7%. No changes were found in duration and quality of sleep before highly intensive physical functioning. Conclusions: specific features of mature men’s way of life before their not planned highly intensive physical functioning are as follows: reduction of general physical activity; increase of consumed food. These factors facilitate energy accumulation in organism for its realization in highly intensive physical functioning the next day.

  10. Comparing Years of Healthy Life, Measured in 16 Ways, for Normal Weight and Overweight Older Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Diehr

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The traditional definitions of overweight and obesity are not age specific, even though the relationship of weight to mortality is different for older adults. Effects of adiposity on aspects of health beside mortality have not been well investigated. Methods. We calculated the number of years of healthy life (YHL in the 10 years after baseline, for 5,747 older adults. YHL was defined in 16 different ways. We compared Normal and Overweight persons, classified either by body mass index (BMI or by waist circumference (WC. Findings. YHL for Normal and Overweight persons differed significantly in 25% of the comparisons, of which half favored the Overweight. Measures of physical health favored Normal weight, while measures of mental health and quality of life favored Overweight. Overweight was less favorable when defined by WC than by BMI. Obese persons usually had worse outcomes. Discussion. Overweight older adults averaged as many years of life and years of healthy life as those of Normal weight. There may be no outcome based reason to distinguish Normal from Overweight for older adults. Conclusion. The “Overweight paradox” appears to hold for nonmortality outcomes. New adiposity standards are needed for older adults, possibly different by race and sex.

  11. The Age Distribution of Potential Intelligent Life in the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Legassick, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the habitability of the Milky Way, making use of recent observational analysis on the prevalence of Earth-sized planets, in order to estimate where and when potentially habitable star systems may have formed over the course of the Galaxy's history. We were then able to estimate the age distribution of potential intelligent life in our Galaxy using our own evolution and the age of the Sun as a proxy. To do this we created a galactic chemical evolution model and applied the following habitability constraints to the Sun-like (G-type) stars formed in our model: an environment free from life-extinguishing supernovae, a high enough metallicity for Earth-sized planet formation and sufficient time for the evolution of complex life. We determined a galactic habitable zone as the region containing all the potentially habitable star systems in our model. Our galactic habitable zone contains stars formed between 11 and 3.8 billion years ago at radial distances of between 7 and 14 kiloparsecs. We found tha...

  12. Influence of motive activity on forming of proof skills of healthy way of life of students of higher educational establishments.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trotsenko V.V.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The estimation and the analysis of impellent activity of students is considered. The importance of impellent activity in forming a healthy way of life of students is shown. In research the data of questionnaire of students are used. sports priorities of students are revealed should to undertake in attention by development of the program of physical training. The wide spectrum of the reasons which interfere with exercises is revealed. These reasons should be considered during individual work with each student. It is proved, that impellent activity influences forming of proof skills of a healthy way of life of students.

  13. Developing, integrating, and perpetuating new ways of applying sociology to health, medicine, policy, and everyday life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clair, Jeffrey Michael; Clark, Cullen; Hinote, Brian P; Robinson, Caroline O; Wasserman, Jason A

    2007-01-01

    As a framework for presenting ideas on developing ways to make sociology more applicable, we focus on the recent state of medical sociology research. Data for this paper were generated through a content analysis of a twelve-year period (1993-2004) of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior (JHSB) and Social Science & Medicine (SSM). The analysis aims to determine if the content of JHSB and SSM reflect the breadth of the sub-discipline of medical sociology as well as the stated goals of the journals. The selected issues of JHSB and SSM were coded on the basis of the following attributes: (1) Primary Substantive Topic, (2) Methodology, (3) Data Type and Analytic Technique, and (4) Research and Policy Recommendations. We found that the orientation of JHSB articles was towards generating research and theory that shy away from policy, interdisciplinary approaches, and applied issues. SSM content tends to display more interdisciplinary breadth and variety, but also reflects a dearth of applied recommendations. Our discussion focuses on what JHSB and SSM could be. We present ideas on how the sociological discipline in general-and JHSB and SSM in particular-can help generate and nourish new forms of inquiry that can impact the way research questions are framed. We conclude that such a shift is needed in order to maximize the applicability of social scientific evidence to everyday life, and we share examples situated within a socio-medical context, where there is a particular need for the application of social evidence to practice.

  14. Utility of Online Communities – Ways One Can Benefit From One’s Online Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Cărtărescu

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available As many of today’s social scientists (such as Beck, Giddens, Howard, Vlăsceanu etc have remarked, the modern age has brought with itself a great series of fast-paced changes in the average man’s lifestyle. Nothing is safe or can be taken for granted anymore. Families disintegrate, traditions become obsolete and professional re-qualifications are necessary every few years just to keep upwith the younger, tougher competition on the labour market. Forced to constantly changed ones place of residence, ones entourage, work and habits leads to a feeling of loneliness, of not really being a part of modern society and its communities, of being left out to fend for yourself. Luckily, modernity has also brought with itself a never seen before technological boom which instantly permitted not only the improvement of one’s biological life, but also provided society with the opportunity to bridge the gap between people. One of the most significant of these innovations is the Internet, a non-geographical space that people, in just a few short years, have colonized andmade their own, projected their identities into and created solid and durable communities that, which were less subjected to being torn apart by distance and time. This paper’s object is to show how and why being part of an online community is a great way for one to get a stronger feeling of social integration and be part of a somewhat more fair, less prejudiced world.

  15. Is Time a creation of Life in response to Gravity?: This hypothesis suggests new ways for looking at extraterrestrial life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ockels, W.J.

    2007-01-01

    From his personal experience during a space flight (Challenger 1985) onward, the author has been struck repeatedly by the remarkable influence of Earth's environment on life, in particular by its most inevitable elements: time and gravity. Our life might be peculiar to the local Earth conditions,

  16. Is Time a creation of Life in response to Gravity?: This hypothesis suggests new ways for looking at extraterrestrial life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ockels, W.J.

    2007-01-01

    From his personal experience during a space flight (Challenger 1985) onward, the author has been struck repeatedly by the remarkable influence of Earth's environment on life, in particular by its most inevitable elements: time and gravity. Our life might be peculiar to the local Earth conditions, an

  17. End-of-Life Care in Nunavik, Quebec: Inuit Experiences, Current Realities, and Ways Forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hordyk, Shawn Renee; Macdonald, Mary Ellen; Brassard, Paul

    2017-06-01

    Increasing longevity for Inuit living in Nunavik, northern Quebec, has resulted in heightened rates of cancers and chronic diseases necessitating complex treatments. Consequently, end-of-life (EOL) care, once the domain of Inuit families and communities, has come to include professionalized healthcare providers with varying degrees of awareness of factors to consider in providing care to Inuit populations. To better understand the factors shaping EOL care in Nunavik to support the development of a sustainable model of care. Using focused ethnography, we conducted participant observations and informal and semistructured interviews with 103 participants (community members, healthcare practitioners, and administrators) across Nunavik and in Montreal, the affiliated tertiary care center. Data domains included the following: care trajectories; patient and family experiences receiving and providing EOL care; local and urban resources and challenges; and ways forward. Sociocultural, historical, and geographic factors shape EOL care in Nunavik, presenting a complex set of challenges for Inuit patients, families, and healthcare providers. A sustainable model of EOL care requires building on shared initiatives, capitalizing on the existing strengths in communities, and attending to the multiple bereavement needs in the region. Building a sustainable model of EOL care requires respectful collaboration among governing structures, healthcare institutions, and community members. It must centrally value local knowledge and initiatives. To ensure Inuit families and patients are supported throughout the dying process, future initiatives must centrally include local stakeholders in both the design and evaluation of any changes to the current healthcare system.

  18. Systematic approach to the foundation of healthy way of life and popularization of physical culture in modern university.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goncharuk S.V.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The factors of popularization of physical culture are considered among students young people. Directions of development of optimum method of employments are shown by a physical culture, which will provide the systematic going and attaching near the healthy way of life. 815 students took part in research. It is set that optimization of educational process of student and creation of educational base will allow students to get necessary for the maintenance of optimum health level physical loading. Directions of technologism of an educate work are offered with students. Possibilities of university are shown in conditioning for forming for the students of positive motivation to the healthy way of life. Directions organization of relaxation measures are recommended for students. Attention is accented on the financial skilled providing of employments in the sporting halls of university.

  19. WAYS TO IMPROVE THE RELIABILITY AND OPERATING LIFE OF SMALL-SIZE ELECTROMAGNETIC VALVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennadii Zaionchkovskyi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the main ways of improving the reliability and durability of small-size electromagnetic valves. Major changes in the technical state of the valve components under dynamic operating loads were revealed using the results of resource tests of two-position valves with polarized electromagnetic actuator. Aneffective way for reducing the dynamic loads has proved to be the introduction of the damping element into the kinematic scheme of the electromagnetic valve actuator. Damping elements efficiency in reducing dynamic loads has been confirmed experimentally.

  20. How to Shape Children's Value Attitudes toward the Rural Way of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gur'ianova, M. P.

    2011-01-01

    The crisis of rural life in Russia involves a declining and aging population, emigration of rural young people to urban areas, lack of employment, and farms in urgent need of modernization. Programs in rural schools can be used more deliberately to encourage young people to remain in the village and to equip them to be agents of rural…

  1. [Tatoos, piercing: body art? Body damage? Debasement of the body or return to a primitive way of life?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grognard, C

    2006-01-01

    Tatoos and piercing, though they might appear as something like a trend, if not a craze, remain for a majority minority and even fringe practices. For the adolescent, questing for his identity (no more a child, not yet an adult), the tegmental sign is a way of engraving in the flesh dramatic events of his existence. The body mark is a search for independence, a symbolic attainment of self-reliance, a way of severing the umbilical cord and of asserting oneself. In face of a life no longer under control, the body is an object at hand, on which self-will is almost unbridled... These body modifications testify to change.

  2. Features of forming subject of anxiety about the health in healthy way of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadovnikov E.S.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The mechanisms of forming of anxiety of man are considered about the health from positions of activity of health activity. The features of forming mechanisms of anxiety are exposed about the health. It is marked that the basic condition of forming of subject of activity in health activity of man is life on the border of health and ill health, pathology and norm. The necessity of principle picture is marked of mechanisms of forming of activity in health activity. Directions which will allow to change the conduct of man toward health activity are recommended. It will allow a man to overpeer above a situation, estimate it and do a correct optimum choice in relation to the health. The necessity of reanimation of anxiety is marked about itself as principle of self-preservation conduct.

  3. Is Physical Activity a Good Way to Improve Quality of Life in the Elder Population?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Bento

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although evidence demonstrates that physical activity beneficially influences major chronic illnesses, older adults remain sedentary. Many interventions to increase physical activity intend to reduce disease complications as well as improve quality of life by enhancing physical function in our even more aging society. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to summarize knowledge on randomized controlled trials studying the effects of physical activity interventions on quality of life in the elder population. Methods: Randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews or meta-analysis were searched in the Pubmed data base. Search terms: “quality of life”, “intervention” and “physical activity” were used to identify English written articles, with humans older than 65 years. Results: From the initial screening of 234 titles, only 5 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the final analysis. Conclusions: Physical activity interventions seem to have a slight effect on physical function and in improving quality of life of people aged 65 and over. More intervention studies involving physical activity in older people should include measures of quality of life as primary outcome, as well as a standardization of measures would help to compare results and enlarge the evidence base in this area.

  4. Book review: Flight ways: Life and loss at the edge of extinction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banko, Paul C.

    2015-01-01

    In less than 200 pages, Thom van Dooren aims in his ambitious book, Flight Ways, to reconnect humans empathetically with the rest of the planet's inhabitants, but especially vanishing species. This is asking a lot, but he succeeds—or at least makes great strides—using evocative storytelling and compelling discourse. A number of themes are carefully woven together with the goal of awakening sensitivities, building understanding, and motivating commitment to stopping the decline of populations and species. As one who works in the field of endangered Hawaiian bird research, I found this book illuminating, thought-provoking, and insightful. It probes deeply into the evolution, ecology, and ethics of our interactions with other species and offers useful lessons for thinking about endangered species and extinction in more meaningful ways. It will likely spur self-examination and further inquiry by readers, which can open new lines of communication with the general public about conservation.

  5. Growing up our way: the first year of life in remote Aboriginal Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruske, Sue; Belton, Suzanne; Wardaguga, Molly; Narjic, Concepta

    2012-06-01

    In this study, we attempted to explore the experiences and beliefs of Aboriginal families as they cared for their children in the first year of life. We collected family stories concerning child rearing, development, behavior, health, and well-being between each infant's birth and first birthday. We found significant differences in parenting behaviors and child-rearing practices between Aboriginal groups and mainstream Australians. Aboriginal parents perceived their children to be autonomous individuals with responsibilities toward a large family group. The children were active agents in determining their own needs, highly prized, and included in all aspects of community life. Concurrent with poverty, neocolonialism, and medical hegemony, child-led parenting styles hamper the effectiveness of health services. Hence, until the planners of Australia's health systems better understand Aboriginal knowledge systems and incorporate them into their planning, we can continue to expect the failure of government and health services among Aboriginal communities.

  6. HEAT OF MARS IS LOVE OF LIFE?! TWO WAYS TO LOOK AT MARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K. Alavipanah

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Earth and Mars travel in neighboring orbits around the sun. Both are rocky planets, but only the earth has the conditions to support life on. Is such a great difference due to their surface temperatures? It is obvious that the surface temperatures of these planets are governed by two factors of: (a the amount of energy they receive from the sun and, (b the composition of their atmospheres. If it is true, we must focus more on the Thermal Remote Sensing on Mars. Since heat is an important factor in any physical, chemical and biological study, it can be said that the heat in the form of love and psychological processes is effective for these studies. In study about life on another planet, not only the thermal characteristics are essential but love or passion in Scientists' efforts that are related to inner heat should also be considered. Therefore, in this paper we review the studies on Mars with the emphasis on the temperature. We consider science, art, literature, and technology as well as any things related to the heat including ice melting, volcanology, soil, morphology, and geothermal. As we believe that it must be bridged between mental and science gaps, shouldn't we make both the art and the science convergent? Therefore, we have used different scientific and art resources to make the role of heat in the Mars clear. We are seeking to answer the question whether the heat can be as a common factor in the researches.

  7. Last year, the life and work of Tchaikovsky, "way" of the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Gryshko

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the last year of his life and work of Tchaikovsky, which is interpreted as a nonlinear process involving a "cascade" of bifurcations and is divided into three stages: the order - chaos - a new order. We are talking about fractals processes elementary, middle and final stages of development, as well as the presence of "the point of the golden section", which is characteristic of non-linear systems of different origin having similar processes of self-organization. From the standpoint of synergy version of the composer's death appears in a different light. It becomes clear contours, as synergistic simulation is based on real and specific facts of the biography of the composer. It becomes clear that Tchaikovsky himself "create" their own future, leading to a restructuring of his mind. Feeling the fear of death disappears, and a tired soul finds peace.

  8. The mid-life crisis of the Milky Way and M31

    CERN Document Server

    Mutch, Simon J; Poole, Gregory B

    2011-01-01

    Upcoming next generation galactic surveys, such as GAIA and HERMES, will deliver unprecedented detail about the structure and make-up of our Galaxy, the Milky Way, and promise to radically improve our understanding of it. However, to benefit our broader knowledge of galaxy formation and evolution we first need to quantify how typical the Galaxy is with respect to other galaxies of its type. Through modeling and comparison with a large sample of galaxies drawn from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and Galaxy Zoo, we provide tentative yet tantalizing evidence to show that both the Milky Way and nearby M31 are undergoing a critical transformation of their global properties. Both appear to possess attributes that are consistent with galaxies midway between the distinct blue and red bimodal color populations. In extragalactic surveys, such `green valley' galaxies are transition objects whose star formation typically will have all but extinguished in less than ~5 Gyrs. This finding reveals the possible future of our ow...

  9. Valeo-pedagogical culture of parents and its role in forming healthy way of life of preschool age children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voloshyn O. R.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available It is considered organizationally-methodical aspects of work with family on forming health for young people. Maintenance is reflected, forms of organization of work with families in the conditions of valeology of preschool education. In research were questionnaire 45 parents, 25 educators and 25 children in the free mode during two weeks. The results of questionnaires proved that only 20% parents spare certain attention in families to forming of healthy way of life of children, 30% consider that an example of adults in this question is fundamental principle, but almost 68% parents have an insufficient level of pedagogical valeological culture. The analysis of results of questionnaire of children testifies that respondents have necessary pre-conditions for forming knowledge, abilities and skills of healthy way of life, accessible understanding of value of own health and health of near them. Methodical recommendations are brought for activations of co-operation of preschool educational establishment and family on forming of health of preschool children.

  10. Democracy versus the Domination of Instrumental Rationality: Defending Dewey’s Argument for Democracy as an Ethical Way of Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Cruickshank

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available For some, the problem with the domination of instrumental rationality is the tendency towards anomie. However, this fails to recognise the instrumental use of norms by elite groups to manipulate public opinion. Such manipulation can then allow elite groups to treat the citizenry as a means for the pursuit of their self-interest. Horkheimer was one of the first to recognise the problem in this form, but was unable to offer any solution because he conceptualised the citizenry as passive. By contrast, Dewey argued for an active citizenry to value participation in public life as good in, and of, itself. This is associated with his conception of democracy as an ethical way of life offering the possibility for the domination of instrumental rationality to be transcended. In this article Dewey’s resolution of the problem is addressed in the light of the weaknesses attributed here to Horkheimer and to later developments by Bellah, Bernstein, Gellner, Habermas and Honneth.

  11. [Continuous sedation until death. A French way for the end-of-life care?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zittoun, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Continuous sedation until death (CSUD) is a practice which has developed recently in several countries, appearing more acceptable than euthanasia and medically assisted suicide, since more close to a "natural death". The French parliament has just adopted a law which stipulates CSUD on request of the patient in a definite number of circumstances, especially in incurable diseases near to the terminal stage with suffering refractory to treatments. Thus France has adopted a unique international position for the end-of-life care. However several ethical problems raised by CSUD, which corresponds to a psycho-social death preceding the biological one, have been raised in the literature. The legitimacy of CSUD, especially if sedation is deep and not proportional to the degree of suffering, or if it is performed in case of a purely existential distress, is a matter of discussion. The primacy allocated to autonomy is questionable for the more vulnerable patients, who deserve mainly a social solidarity. The double-effect principle is replaced actually in CSUD by a co-intention both to relieve suffering and meanwhile eventually to hasten death, especially when stopping nutrition and hydration. CSUD is thus located in a grey zone between palliative care and euthanasia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  12. Uphill both ways: Fatigue and quality of life in valley fever.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Ashley L; Chang, Yu-Hui H; Ganley, Kathleen; Blair, Janis E

    2016-03-01

    Primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis is characterized by prolonged respiratory and systemic symptoms and fatigue. We prospectively administered the fatigue severity scale (FSS) and Short Form-36 Health Status Questionnaire (SF-36) to patients with proven or probable primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis to quantify disease effect on quality of life (QOL). The 24-week observational study did not specify whether antifungal treatment would be provided; the treating physician made treatment decisions. FSS and SF-36 were completed at 4-week intervals. Thirty-six patients participated, of whom 20 received antifungal treatment. At onset of coccidioidal illness, mean FSS score was higher (ie, more fatigue) in the treatment group. However, in early illness, both groups had higher fatigue levels than reference populations with other diseases (eg, multiple sclerosis). FSS scores gradually improved, and scores in each group were below the severe fatigue level at week 12 and week 16 in the nontreatment and treatment groups, respectively. By week 24, mean FSS score of the nontreatment group equaled the general population. SF-36 component and profile scores were lower (with more symptoms) in the treatment group at each time point than the nontreatment group; both groups showed similar improvement. Mental and emotional health SF-36 scores were not as severely affected as physical scores. Most patients reached a physical functioning level similar to the general population at week 12. Pulmonary coccidioidomycosis causes severe fatigue and substantially affects physical abilities. Fatigue was found to be prolonged, with gradual improvement in QOL, regardless of antifungal administration.

  13. Kendo & Shodo in Life: A Long-lasting Association Between the Way of the Sword and the Brush

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suien Wada

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available For half of my life, I have been well supported by following two Japanese traditional “ways” that have always kept me on the right track. I would like to explain how these two “ways,” or do as they are called in Japanese, have allowed me to maintain my Japanese identity even though I live far from Japan. One is shodo (Japanese calligraphy and the other is kendo (a Japanese sword art. This short article presents my experience with the “way” of shodo and kendo, which in turn may enrich your own martial studies.

  14. Underemployment. An Ordinary Way of Life in Fields of Andalusia in the Late Middle Ages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes BORRERO FERNÁNDEZ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This work deals with the underemployment affecting the majority of the rural population of southern Castile in the final centuries of the Middle Ages. Firstly, we study the formation of the group demanding work in the fields: their characteristics and numerical significance in different economic regions. We analyze also the mechanisms and rates of the offer of temporary employment generated in large properties. The consequences of this system: a weak balance between supply and demand caused the impoverishment of the peasantry.

  15. Symbiosis as the way of eukaryotic life: The dependent co-origination of the body

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Scott F Gilbert

    2014-04-01

    Molecular analyses of symbiotic relationships are challenging our biological definitions of individuality and supplanting them with a new notion of normal part–whole relationships. This new notion is that of a `holobiont’, a consortium of organisms that becomes a functionally integrated `whole’. This holobiont includes the zoological organism (the `animal’) as well as its persistent microbial symbionts. This new individuality is seen on anatomical and physiological levels, where a diversity of symbionts form a new `organ system’ within the zoological organism and become integrated into its metabolism and development. Moreover, as in normal development, there are reciprocal interactions between the `host’ organism and its symbionts that alter gene expression in both sets of cells. The immune system, instead of being seen as functioning solely to keep microbes out of the body, is also found to develop, in part, in dialogue with symbionts. Moreover, the immune system is actively involved in the colonization of the zoological organism, functioning as a mechanism for integrating microbes into the animal-cell community. Symbionts have also been found to constitute a second mode of genetic inheritance, providing selectable genetic variation for natural selection. We develop, grow and evolve as multi-genomic consortia/teams/ecosystems.

  16. Ways of coping with asthma in everyday life: validation of the Asthma Specific Coping Scale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aalto, Anna-Mari; Härkäpää, Kristiina; Aro, Arja R;

    2002-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study examines the validity of the Asthma Specific Coping Scale. METHODS: Study samples were comprised of persons with drug-treated asthma (n=3464) drawn from the Drug Reimbursement Registry and asthma rehabilitation participants [brief (n=278) and comprehensive (n=316) intervention...... also showed sensitivity to change after rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: Though further longitudinal studies are needed, this scale seems to be a promising instrument to be used in surveys and outcome studies....

  17. Vitamin D status of northern indigenous people of Russia leading traditional and “modernized” way of life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlov, Andrew; Khabarova, Yulia; Vershubsky, Galina; Ateeva, Yulia; Ryzhaenkov, Vadim

    2014-01-01

    Background Vitamin D status in groups of northern indigenous people of Russia leading close to traditional (seminomadic reindeer herding), post-traditional (in settlements) or “modernized” (in towns) way of life was analysed. Design The survey study groups consisted of 178 Nenets and Komi aged 18–60 living in the Arctic (66–67°N). Urban Komi, Udmurts and Komi-Permiaks (n=150) living in a non-Arctic area (57–61°N) formed a control group. The concentration of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), as a transport form of vitamin D, was assessed by enzyme immunoassay analysis. Results The group average 25OHD levels in both rural and urban Arctic residents are within the range of values seen in the non-Arctic urban subjects adjusted for season: 39.7–47.7 nmol/l. Abandoning traditional lifestyle associates with lower vitamin D levels in indigenous Arctic people. Mean±standard deviation 25OHD values among Nenets were lower in those living in the administrative centre (a big settlement) with a population of 1,460 (32.2±12.90 nmol/l) than in the residents of small settlements (39.6±14.08 nmol/l), and in reindeer herders (42.4±13.45 nmol/l; p<0.05 in both cases). Komi townspeople had lower 25OHD concentrations (47.7±12.00 nmol/l) than Komi reindeer herders (68.7±25.20; p<0.01). Conclusions The transition from seminomadic to post-traditional and “modernized” way of life has led to a decrease in the consumption of traditional foods among the indigenous people of the Russian Arctic. Our data support the notion that the traditional northern diet promotes healthy vitamin D levels, while adherence to the “western” type of diet correlates with a lower 25OHD concentration. PMID:25472642

  18. Vitamin D status of northern indigenous people of Russia leading traditional and “modernized” way of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Kozlov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Vitamin D status in groups of northern indigenous people of Russia leading close to traditional (seminomadic reindeer herding, post-traditional (in settlements or “modernized” (in towns way of life was analysed. Design: The survey study groups consisted of 178 Nenets and Komi aged 18–60 living in the Arctic (66–67°N. Urban Komi, Udmurts and Komi-Permiaks (n=150 living in a non-Arctic area (57–61°N formed a control group. The concentration of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD, as a transport form of vitamin D, was assessed by enzyme immunoassay analysis. Results: The group average 25OHD levels in both rural and urban Arctic residents are within the range of values seen in the non-Arctic urban subjects adjusted for season: 39.7–47.7 nmol/l. Abandoning traditional lifestyle associates with lower vitamin D levels in indigenous Arctic people. Mean±standard deviation 25OHD values among Nenets were lower in those living in the administrative centre (a big settlement with a population of 1,460 (32.2±12.90 nmol/l than in the residents of small settlements (39.6±14.08 nmol/l, and in reindeer herders (42.4±13.45 nmol/l; p<0.05 in both cases. Komi townspeople had lower 25OHD concentrations (47.7±12.00 nmol/l than Komi reindeer herders (68.7±25.20; p<0.01. Conclusions: The transition from seminomadic to post-traditional and “modernized” way of life has led to a decrease in the consumption of traditional foods among the indigenous people of the Russian Arctic. Our data support the notion that the traditional northern diet promotes healthy vitamin D levels, while adherence to the “western” type of diet correlates with a lower 25OHD concentration.

  19. Brain Ways: Meynert, Bachelard and the Material Imagination of the Inner Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelps, Scott

    2016-07-01

    The Austrian psychiatrist Theodor Meynert's anatomical theories of the brain and nerves are laden with metaphorical imagery, ranging from the colonies of empire to the tentacles of jellyfish. This paper analyses among Meynert's earliest works a different set of less obvious metaphors, namely, the fibres, threads, branches and paths used to elaborate the brain's interior. I argue that these metaphors of material, or what the philosopher Gaston Bachelard called 'material images', helped Meynert not only to imaginatively extend the tracts of fibrous tissue inside the brain but to insinuate their function as pathways co-extensive with the mind. Above all, with reference to Bachelard's study of the material imagination, I argue that Meynert helped entrench the historical intuition that the mind, whatever it was, consisted of some interiority - one which came to be increasingly articulated through the fibrous confines of the brain.

  20. Environmental management systems as sustainable tools in the way of life for the SMEs and VSMEs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zorpas, Antonis

    2010-03-01

    Small medium enterprises (SMEs) and very small medium enterprises (VSMEs) are the economic backbone of the most economies in Europe. Those VSMEs have mono-service or product, they feel economic pressure, they sell to the local market, they are family traditions and they are informal organizations, they have very "low management", they have employees from different nationalities, they have little access to adult training and to the new requirements of the market, they do not federate and they produce high amount of waste. The research question of our study was: why do SMEs build up environmental management systems (EMS)? This paper presents the need for the implementation of the EMS as a sustainable tool in order to monitor the production of the waste from SMEs and VSMEs. The paper presents benefits, disadvantages, motivation, differences from the international literature in order to present the necessity for the implementation of the EMS.

  1. Religion, Ethnicity, Culture, Way of Life: Jews, Muslims, and Multicultural Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlosser, Lewis Z.; Ali, Saba Rasheed; Ackerman, Sandra R.; Dewey, J. Jane H.

    2009-01-01

    Jews and Muslims represent 2 unique cultural groups that have been relatively under-examined by multicultural counseling scholars. In this article, the authors review the recent literature on Jews and Muslims, synthesize and discuss the commonalities across these 2 groups, provide some recommendations for counseling members of these populations,…

  2. More than Words, A Way of Life: Language Restoration Programs Reach beyond Tribal Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paskus, Laura

    2013-01-01

    In North America, and worldwide, Indigenous languages are disappearing at an alarming rate. There are, however, models of success for language revitalization in immersion language programs, usually found in tribal colleges and universities. Whether the language learners are tribal college students greeting one another in their native language,…

  3. Overview on the diversity of sounds produced by clownfishes (Pomacentridae: importance of acoustic signals in their peculiar way of life.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orphal Colleye

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Clownfishes (Pomacentridae are brightly colored coral reef fishes well known for their mutualistic symbiosis with tropical sea anemones. These fishes live in social groups in which there is a size-based dominance hierarchy. In this structure where sex is socially controlled, agonistic interactions are numerous and serve to maintain size differences between individuals adjacent in rank. Clownfishes are also prolific callers whose sounds seem to play an important role in the social hierarchy. Here, we aim to review and to synthesize the diversity of sounds produced by clownfishes in order to emphasize the importance of acoustic signals in their way of life. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Recording the different acoustic behaviors indicated that sounds are divided into two main categories: aggressive sounds produced in conjunction with threat postures (charge and chase, and submissive sounds always emitted when fish exhibited head shaking movements (i.e. a submissive posture. Both types of sounds showed size-related intraspecific variation in dominant frequency and pulse duration: smaller individuals produce higher frequency and shorter duration pulses than larger ones, and inversely. Consequently, these sonic features might be useful cues for individual recognition within the group. This observation is of significant importance due to the size-based hierarchy in clownfish group. On the other hand, no acoustic signal was associated with the different reproductive activities. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Unlike other pomacentrids, sounds are not produced for mate attraction in clownfishes but to reach and to defend the competition for breeding status, which explains why constraints are not important enough for promoting call diversification in this group.

  4. Biological glasses : nature's way to preserve life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buitink, J.

    2000-01-01

    As a result of drying, the cytoplasm of desiccation-tolerant organisms, such as seed and pollen, enters into a highly viscous, solid-like, semi-equilibrium state: the glassy state. The work in this dissertation is focussed on the function and characteristics of intracellular glasses in

  5. Biological Glasses : nature's way to preserve life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buitink, J.

    2000-01-01

    As a result of drying, the cytoplasm of desiccation-tolerant organisms, such as seed and pollen, enters into a highly viscous, solid-like, semi-equilibrium state: the glassy state. The work in this dissertation is focussed on the function and characteristics of intracellular glasses in these organis

  6. Regular physical exercise: way to healthy life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqui, N I; Nessa, A; Hossain, M A

    2010-01-01

    Any bodily activity or movement that enhances and maintains overall health and physical fitness is called physical exercise. Habit of regular physical exercise has got numerous benefits. Exercise is of various types such as aerobic exercise, anaerobic exercise and flexibility exercise. Aerobic exercise moves the large muscle groups with alternate contraction and relaxation, forces to deep breath, heart to pump more blood with adequate tissue oxygenation. It is also called cardiovascular exercise. Examples of aerobic exercise are walking, running, jogging, swimming etc. In anaerobic exercise, there is forceful contraction of muscle with stretching, usually mechanically aided and help to build up muscle strength and muscle bulk. Examples are weight lifting, pulling, pushing, sprinting etc. Flexibility exercise is one type of stretching exercise to improve the movements of muscles, joints and ligaments. Walking is a good example of aerobic exercise, easy to perform, safe, effective, does not require any training or equipment and less chance of injury. Regular 30 minutes brisk walking in the morning with 150 minutes per week is a good exercise. Regular exercise improves the cardiovascular status, reduces the risk of cardiac disease, high blood pressure and cerebrovascular disease. It reduces body weight, improves insulin sensitivity, helps in glycemic control, prevents obesity and diabetes mellitus. It is helpful for relieving anxiety, stress, brings a sense of well being and overall physical fitness. Global trend is mechanization, labor savings and leading to epidemic of long term chronic diseases like diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases etc. All efforts should be made to create public awareness promoting physical activity, physically demanding recreational pursuits and providing adequate facilities.

  7. EDITORIAL: A tribute to Zhores Ivanovitch Alferov, a pioneer who changed our way of daily life A tribute to Zhores Ivanovitch Alferov, a pioneer who changed our way of daily life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bimberg, Dieter

    2011-01-01

    satellite telephones, in some ways continuing his work for the candidate degree when he had developed power rectifiers based on Ge and Si. Then, in 1970, he presented the first solar cells with efficiency >30% based on heterojunctions. Soon the Soviet Space Administration became aware of these results, and in 1986 the Soviet space station MIR was partially powered by solar cells developed by Alferov and Andre'ev. Finally in 1992, a joint research program between the author of this Editorial and Zhores Alferov, being both guest scientists at the same time at the University of California, on semiconductor quantum dots for the active zone of (nowadays many different) optoelectronic devices was proposed and inaugurated. Quantum dot lasers today have the lowest threshold current density of any semiconductor lasers. They are far superior to quantum wells as amplifiers, and their nonlinear optical applications such as cross-gain modulation in local area networks, present the basis for novel types of solar cells, nanoflash memories, single q-bit emitters for quantum cryptography etc. The story of inventing a concept and inventing applications seems to repeat in some way. This Semiconductor Science and Technology special edition presents contributions from about 100 researchers around the globe, who use in their work concepts invented by Zhores Alferov during his long active scientific life spanning six decades. They would like to pay a tribute to him and honour him on the occasion of his 80th birthday. This very personal way of saying thank you thus adds to the many prizes he has received during the past 40 years, starting with the Ballantine Gold Medal of the Franklin Institute, via the Nobel Prize for Physics 2000 to many honorary doctorates from institutes around the world.

  8. Research Advances: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Finds New Way to Detect Destructive Enzyme Activity--Hair Dye Relies on Nanotechnology--Ways to Increase Shelf Life of Milk

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Angela G.

    2007-01-01

    Recent advances in various research fields are described. Scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have found a new way to detect destructive enzyme activity, scientists in France have found that an ancient hair dye used by ancient people in Greece and Rome relied on nanotechnology and in the U.S. scientists are developing new…

  9. Research Advances: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Finds New Way to Detect Destructive Enzyme Activity--Hair Dye Relies on Nanotechnology--Ways to Increase Shelf Life of Milk

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Angela G.

    2007-01-01

    Recent advances in various research fields are described. Scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have found a new way to detect destructive enzyme activity, scientists in France have found that an ancient hair dye used by ancient people in Greece and Rome relied on nanotechnology and in the U.S. scientists are developing new…

  10. Toward a Psychoanalytic Way-of-Being in the Game of Life: Discussion of a Paper by Steven Ablon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margulies, Alfred

    2014-01-01

    There are no clinical techniques not always already embedded within a psychoanalyst's way-of-being-in-the-world. This claim, grounded in the author's reading of Steven Ablon's "What Child Analysis Can Teach Us about Psychoanalytic Technique" (in this volume), takes us to Ablon's exemplary psychoanalytic comportment, with a particular focus on poetics, playfulness, practicality, and pluralism. These complex, intertwined features of child psychoanalysis have had a broad and deep impact on contemporary adult psychoanalysis, influencing praxis, conceptions of therapeutic action, ethics, and workaday worldview.

  11. Towards a theory of medium-term life satisfaction : Two-way causation partly explains persistent satisfaction or dissatisfaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Headey, Bruce; Muffels, R.J.A.

    2016-01-01

    Long term panel data enable researchers to construct trajectories of life satisfaction (LS) for individuals over time. In this paper we analyse the trajectories of respondents (N = 3689) in the German Socio-Economic Panel who recorded their LS for 20 consecutive years in 1991–2010. Previous research

  12. Towards a theory of medium-term life satisfaction : Two-way causation partly explains persistent satisfaction or dissatisfaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Headey, Bruce; Muffels, R.J.A.

    2016-01-01

    Long term panel data enable researchers to construct trajectories of life satisfaction (LS) for individuals over time. In this paper we analyse the trajectories of respondents (N = 3689) in the German Socio-Economic Panel who recorded their LS for 20 consecutive years in 1991–2010. Previous research

  13. Transformations in the ways of being a child among the Kaiowa in Te’ýikue: everyday life and schooling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diógenes Cariaga

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the transformations in which childhood is experienced among the Kaiowa of te’ýikue, both in everyday life and at school. the data used for this article comes from ethnographic field research and emphasizes historical information as well as native perceptions and interpretations. The Kaiowa have experienced an intensification of their relationship with other brazilians (brancos that has brought social and cultural transformations. Due to this process, the Kaiowa have developed specific strategies in indigenous schools related to the everyday life of their families as well as the education of their children. the article discusses different key issues such as childhood, children education and cultural transformations in dialogue with native categories.

  14. The effect of aromatherapy and massage administered in different ways to women with breast cancer on their symptoms and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovayolu, Ozlem; Seviğ, Umit; Ovayolu, Nimet; Sevinç, Alper

    2014-08-01

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the effect of aromatherapy and classic massage administered in various ways to breast cancer patients on their symptoms and quality of life. The sampling consisted of 280 patients. Quality of life and symptoms of the patients were evaluated once at baseline and then at week 6 and week 10 following the intervention. After intervention, the control group was observed to have lower total quality of life score and subdomain scores, whereas fragrance, massage and aromatherapy massage groups had higher scores, and the increase was more obvious particularly in the patients in the aromatherapy massage group. Similarly, whereas psychological and physical symptoms were experienced more intensely in the control group, the severity of all the symptoms experienced by the other patients decreased at week 6 and week 10 as compared with baseline especially in the group that was administered massage with aromatherapy.

  15. W stronę dial ogu: psychoterapia czy sposób życia? [Becoming dialogical: psychotherapy or a way of life?

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    After birth the first thing we learn is becoming a participant in dialogue. We are born in relations and those relations become our structure. Intersubjectivity is the basis of human experience and dialogue the way we live it. In this paper the dilemma of looking atdialogue as either a way of life or a therapeutic method is described. The background is the open dialogue psychiatric system that was initiated in Finnish Western Lapland. The author waspart of the team re-organizing psychiatry an...

  16. Ways of creation of environment of healthy image of life in higher educational establishments of III-IV levels of accreditation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boltenkova O.N.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the article the questions of healthy creation environment of a healthy image of life in higher educational institutions are investigated. 436 students took part in an experiment. The condition of students' health in quantitative and diagnostic aspects is analyzed. The basic components of health, their subjective and objective character are examined. The contents of such components of health, as spiritual, physical, mental and social is defined. Were guided the documents, which regulate physical education in a higher educational institution, the role various educational, extra curriculum activities both independent forms and way of increase of quality of their organization is investigated. The idea of necessity of inclusion of each student in conscientions educational activity on a basis student-oriented, axiological and acmeological approaches is expressol.

  17. The human intestinal microbiome at extreme ages of life. Dietary intervention as a way to counteract alterations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria eSalazar

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The intestinal microbiome is defined as the assembly of genomes from microorganisms inhabiting the gut. This microbial ecosystem regulates important functions of the host and its correct composition and functionality is essential for a healthy status. Metagenomic studies have highlighted variations of the intestinal microbiota as a function of age and diet. Colonization of the infant gut starts at birth and is influenced by feeding habits (formula vs. breast-feeding, birth mode and antibiotic exposure. The intestinal microbiota of full-term vaginally-delivered breast-fed infants is considered the gold-standard of a healthy infant microbiota, representing the reference for studies of alterations in other pediatric populations. At two to three years of age, the intestinal microbiota reaches a composition similar to adults, remaining without noticeable variations until senescence, when microbial instability and changes reappear. Here we summarize the current knowledge on intestinal microbiota alterations at extreme stages of life and tools for designing differentiated nutritional strategies by the use of probiotics, prebiotics and specific nutrients in order to restore a balanced microbiota and to improve immune and nutritional status.

  18. Ways of the Jam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinck, Lars

    In the PhD-dissertation Ways of the Jam I investigate jamming and learning as profoundly collective and improvisational matters. Bridging a theory of funk jamming with situated learning theoretical analyses of New Orleans second line, everyday leadership, and of a studio recording session...

  19. The Way of Sweat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonhardy, Galen

    2001-01-01

    Presents a narrative description of experiences shared by the author, his father, and a Nez Perce man named Larry Greene. Explores those experiences in relation to institutionalized education in order to provide insight into not only subjugated ways of knowing but also alternative places of learning. (SG)

  20. Two-way causation in life satisfaction research : Structural equation models with granger causation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Headey, Bruce; Muffels, R.J.A.

    2014-01-01

    Two-way causation issues are the bete noire of life satisfaction research. As acknowledged in several landmark reviews, many variables routinely reported as causes or determinants of life satisfaction could equally well be consequences, or perhaps both causes and consequences (Diener, 1984; Diener,

  1. Creating Dairyland: how caring for cows saved our soil, created our landscape, brought prosperity to our state, and still shapes our way of life in Wisconsin

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Janus, Edward

    2011-01-01

    ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Business of Progressives The Crave Brothers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Cow-Driven Life...

  2. "Dictating the suitable way of life": mental hygiene for children and workers in socialist Mexico, 1934-1940.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Andrés Ríos

    2013-01-01

    After the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920), an ambitious project of national reconstruction began in which education and health were two priorities in the consolidation of a new nation. In this context of social, cultural, and political transformation, mental hygiene was a field that made it possible to articulate the professional practice of psychiatrists with the project of the nation promoted by postrevolutionary governments. In Mexico, the mental hygiene movement was headed by the same doctors who professionalized the practice of psychiatry and made it a specialized field of knowledge. The first generation of psychiatrists managed to integrate mental hygiene into health and education policies during the socialist administration of president Lázaro Cárdenas; a phenomenon that made evident the articulation between mental hygiene, social medicine, and nationalist discourse. Discussion will focus on proposals made from the perspective of mental hygiene as a function of two social sectors regarded as priorities by the Cárdenas government: children and workers. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Durability and service life design of concrete structures. Experiences and the way to prove in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Siemes, A.J.M.; Vrouwenvelder, A.C.W.M.

    2002-01-01

    After the introduction of reinforced concrete it was believed that the material was extremely durable. Soon it was found however, that reinforced concrete could have serious durability problems and that special care should be taken to avoid them. Durability became an issue.

  4. Different Ways of Experiencing Music-Making in Later Life: Creative Music Sessions for Older Learners in East London

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varvarigou, Maria; Hallam, Susan; Creech, Andrea; McQueen, Hilary

    2013-01-01

    There has been a gradual increase in the body of literature regarding seniors' musical preferences, learning approaches, development, and creativity. This literature dispels existing myths that perceive older people as a homogeneous group, characterized by decrepitude and diminishing capacity, and with a passive contribution to society. A…

  5. Ways of Talking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    VALERIE; SARTOR

    2011-01-01

    Chinese and Western people have different communication styles. Many Western friends label Chinese "inscrutable." My foreign friends say the way Chinese talk, how they formulate and deliver their thoughts, seems indirect and obscure.

  6. Mediterranean Way of Competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Art Kovacic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Mediterranean area have a special concept of competitiveness topic. Normally is that region not so industrial and knowledge based oriented as a North Europe.That countries can't reach the same development level as the north one. Lisbon's and Goethenburg's strategies create the main framework of development programme. Mediterranean programme is such a case. European internal market has forced the EU countries to increase competitiveness. The economic prosperity of countries is associated with their ability to generate or attract economic activities which are able to increase income by performing well on themarket. Financial crisis in the EU has changed the look on the competitiveness research. Economy in the main countries has to find way of recovery. Former giants of the financial world have found themselves suddenly facing bankruptcy.Inevitably, the crisis is also having an effect on households and businesses - economic growth has slowed sharply and in some EU countries unemployment has begun to increase for the first time in several years. Form that perspective we have to find the right solution of European competitiveness.

  7. Modes de Vie, Modes de Garde et Developpement des Enfants de 4 a 13 Ans Dont les Deux Parents Travaillent. (Ways of Life, Ways of Looking after, and Development of 4-13 Year Olds Whose Parents Both Work).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feard, Sylvie; And Others

    This document describes a study that analyzed the influence of French family organization on the development of a child's personality when the mother has a professional job. Included with the study is the questionnaire used to collect information about the different ways used by the mother to characterize the stability or instability of family…

  8. How adolescents experience and cope with pain in daily life: a qualitative study on ways to cope and the use of over-the-counter analgesics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagerløv, Per; Rosvold, Elin Olaug; Holager, Tanja; Helseth, Sølvi

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this study was to describe how different adolescents experience and manage pain in their daily life, with a focus on their use of over-the-counter analgesics. More specifically, the aim was to explore different patterns among the adolescents in pain descriptions, in the management of pain, in relationships with others, and in their daily life. Qualitative semistructured interviews on experiences with pain, pain management and involvement of family and friends during pain. Pain and stress management strategies and attachment theory will be in focus for interpretations. 25 participants aged 15-16-years from six different junior high schools, both genders, with and without immigrant background were interviewed at their local schools in Norway. We identified 4 groups of adolescents with similarities in attitudes and management strategies to pain: 'pain is manageable', 'pain is communicable', 'pain is inevitable' and 'pain is all over'. The participants within each group differed in how they engaged their parents in pain; how they perceived, communicated and managed pain; and how they involved emotions and used over-the-counter analgesics. The adolescents' different involvement with the family during pain related to their pain perception and management. Knowledge of the different ways of approaching pain is important when supporting adolescents and may be a subject for further research on the use of over-the-counter analgesics in the family. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  9. Understanding the hepatitis C virus life cycle paves the way for highly effective therapies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheel, Troels K H; Rice, Charles M

    2013-01-01

    More than two decades of intense research has provided a detailed understanding of hepatitis C virus (HCV), which chronically infects 2% of the world's population. This effort has paved the way for the development of antiviral compounds to spare patients from life-threatening liver disease...

  10. When cats' ways of life interact with their viruses: a study in 15 natural populations of owned and unowned cats (Felis silvestris catus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellard, E; Fouchet, D; Santin-Janin, H; Tarin, B; Badol, V; Coupier, C; Leblanc, G; Poulet, H; Pontier, D

    2011-09-01

    In natural populations, virus circulation is influenced by host behavior and physiological characteristics. Cat populations exhibit a great variability in social and spatial structure, the existence of different ways of life within a same population may also result in different epidemiological patterns. To test this hypothesis, we used a logistic regression to analyze the risk factors of Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), feline herpes virus (FHV), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline parvovirus (FPV) infection in owned (fed and sheltered) and unowned (neither fed nor sheltered, unsocialized) cats living in a rural environment in the North Eastern part of France. A serological survey was carried out in 492 non-vaccinated and non-sterilized individuals from 15 populations living in the same area. The prevalence of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) was also studied, but too few were infected to analyze the risk factors of this virus. For each virus, the epidemiological pattern was different in owned and unowned cats. Unowned cats were more frequently infected by directly transmitted viruses like FIV, FHV and FCV (21.22%, 67.66%, 86.52% in unowned cats vs 9.55%, 53.88%, 77.18% in owned cats, respectively), a difference that may be explained by a more solitary and more aggressive behavior in unowned adults, and/or possibly by a higher sensitivity related to a more stressful life. On the contrary, owned cats were more frequently infected with FPV (36.41% in owned cats vs 15.61% in unowned cats), possibly as a result of their concentration around human settlements. The present study showed that owned and unowned cats living in a same area have behavioral and physiological characteristics sufficiently different to influence virus circulation. Pooling different types of cats in a single sample without taking it into account could give a wrong picture of the epidemiology of their viruses. The conclusion of this work can be extended to any epidemiological studies led in

  11. Assessing the Possibility of Biological Complexity on Other Worlds, with an Estimate of the Occurrence of Complex Life in the Milky Way Galaxy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis N. Irwin

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Rational speculation about biological evolution on other worlds is one of the outstanding challenges in astrobiology. With the growing confirmation that multiplanetary systems abound in the universe, the prospect that life occurs redundantly throughout the cosmos is gaining widespread support. Given the enormous number of possible abodes for life likely to be discovered on an ongoing basis, the prospect that life could have evolved into complex, macro-organismic communities in at least some cases merits consideration. Toward that end, we here propose a Biological Complexity Index (BCI, designed to provide a quantitative estimate of the relative probability that complex, macro-organismic life forms could have emerged on other worlds. The BCI ranks planets and moons by basic, first-order characteristics detectable with available technology. By our calculation only 11 (~1.7% of the extrasolar planets known to date have a BCI above that of Europa; but by extrapolation, the total of such planets could exceed 100 million in our galaxy alone. This is the first quantitative assessment of the plausibility of complex life throughout the universe based on empirical data. It supports the view that the evolution of complex life on other worlds is rare in frequency but large in absolute number.

  12. Living life the natural way – Wheatgrass and Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaspreet Kaur Kamboj

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:The Human diet is enriched with young parts of plants (so called ―green foods‖, which can improve nutrient balance intake in natural way. Wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum refers to young grass of the common wheat plant, which belongs to Poaceae family. This is the most commonly found herb in India, although its nativity is currently unknown. This plant is believed to have many nutritional values; it has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, immunomodulatory, laxative, astringent, diuretic, antibacterial and anti-aging properties. Its use in acidity, colitis, kidney malfunctions, atherosclerosis and swelling has been shown to be beneficial. Wheatgrass juice helps in building red blood cells and stimulates healthy tissue cell growth. 100 g of wheatgrass powder is equal to 23 kg of fresh vegetables. Ideally, wheatgrass should be taken about an hour prior to meal. This allows the body to fully metabolize it without competing with other foods, and it may also curb hunger. It is recommended that lot of water (at least a liter should be consumed with the juice to reap its maximum nutritional benefits. Taking wheatgrass as a supplement in the mid-morning or mid-afternoon is a great time for this "green" energy boost.

  13. [Results of QC vs QL study (quality of care vs quality of life) 2006-2009. The way of providing hemodialysis and a concomitant therapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutkowski, Bolesław; Nowaczyk, Ryszard; Rutkowski, Przemysław; Mierzicki, Piotr

    2011-01-01

    Healthcare development is the fact in the present world. Because of this the improvement of the quality of care and life of patients is of great importance. Since six years in our country, the study concerning quality of life and care of hemodialysed patients (QC vs QL) is performed annually. In three subsequent papers results of studies performed between 2006 and 2009 are summarised. Almost 7000 patients were studies in the analysed period. This was more than 10% of dialysed patients in every year. In the present paper we focused on the hemodialysis modalities and concomitant therapy. The increase of high-flux hemodialysis usage as well as plasmapheresis but not hemodiafiltration was noticed in the analysed period. Adequacy of the therapy was evaluated as Kt/V and was stable in the whole study. Treatment with erythropoesis stimulating agents (ESA) was provided in 100% of dialysis units, the dosage frequency was connected with long acting ESA. Because of changed trends and the payer requirements apart from frequency the route has also changed. The average haemoglobin level reflected European and county guidelines and changed during the observation. Additional help from psychologist and dietician is available in too small number of dialysis units. Summarizing, based on performed analysis the development of hemodialysis treatment and a high level of provided therapy comparable to other European countries was observed in Poland. Support for further development and improvement of renal replacement therapy is needed to achieve also better quality of life of our patients.

  14. Ways of Drifting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Peter Gall; Markussen, Thomas; Bang, Anne Louise

    2015-01-01

    knowledge. On the basis of the analysis of ten PhD theses we provide a typology comprised of five forms of design experiments in research-through-design. This provides a general outline of the characteristics which point to the methodological roles that design experiments and design work may acquire...

  15. The ways of humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elstrup, Ole

    2009-01-01

    The present paper comprises a set of theoretical suppositions concerning three major subjects: the fundamentals of psychology (psycho-logics), the fundamentals of sociology (socio-logics) and the relationship between psycho-logics and socio-logics. First, it is argued that intentionality is the f...

  16. Ways of Walking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eslambolchilar, Parisa; Bødker, Mads; Chamberlain, Alan

    2016-01-01

    It seems logical to argue that mobile computing technologies are intended for use "on-the-go." However, on closer inspection, the use of mobile technologies pose a number of challenges for users who are mobile, particularly moving around on foot. In engaging with such mobile technologies...... and their envisaged development, we argue that interaction designers must increasingly consider a multitude of perspectives that relate to walking in order to frame design problems appropriately. In this paper, we consider a number of perspectives on walking, and we discuss how these may inspire the design of mobile...... technologies. Drawing on insights from non-representational theory, we develop a partial vocabulary with which to engage with qualities of pedestrian mobility, and we outline how taking more mindful approaches to walking may enrich and inform the design space of handheld technologies....

  17. Teachers’ way of reflecting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Lea

    2016-01-01

    of the Danish study was to investigate and understand teachers’ classroom experiences using Fenstermacher’s approach to develop a practical argument, as these classroom experiences are regarded as a potential source of learning for teachers. A three-level scale model from the study describes the teach-ers......’ reflections on practice. Based on this model, the paper provides a proposal regarding how to work with teachers’ professional development and learning processes. Educational implications and future research directions are discussed.......This paper contributes to insights on teachers’ thinking and practice by building partly on the large amount of prior research in the field of continuing professional development (in line with ISATT), and partly on examples from an empirical small-scale study executed in Denmark. The purpose...

  18. [Associations of emotional state and quality of life with lipid concentration, duration of the disease, and the way of treating the disease in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lasaite, Lina; Lasiene, Jūrate; Kazanavicius, Gintautas; Gostautas, Antanas

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate associations of emotional state and quality of life with lipid concentration, duration of the disease, and the way of treating the disease in males and females with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A total of 53 persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (27 males and 26 females; mean age, 58.7+/-8.9 years) and 56 healthy persons (26 males and 30 females; mean age, 54.7+/-8.3 years) participated in the study. Emotional state was evaluated by means of Profile of Mood State and quality of life by means of WHO Brief Quality of Life Questionnaire. Emotional state and quality of life were significantly worse, tension-anxiety and fatigue-inertia were significantly higher, vigor-activity was significantly lower in male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus than in healthy males. In females, no significant differences in emotional state and quality of life comparing type 2 diabetes mellitus group and controls were detected. In females with type 2 diabetes mellitus, emotional state and quality of life were significantly better, scores of tension-anxiety, depression dejection, anger-hostility, and fatigue-inertia were significantly lower, and score of vigor-activity was significantly higher than in males with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Some significant correlations were found. In males, vigor-activity correlated with total cholesterol level and negatively correlated with triglyceride level. In females, significant correlations were found between scores of emotional state (tension-anxiety, depression-dejection, confusion-bewilderment, and total score of emotional state) and lipid levels (total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels). There were no significant associations of emotional state and quality of life with duration of the disease in males and females with type 2 diabetes mellitus. No significant differences in emotional state and quality of life were found between males and females with type 2 diabetes

  19. Life Balancing -- A Better Way to Balance Large Batteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, R. Dyche; Zane, Regan; Plett, Gregory; Maksimovic, Dragan; Smith, Kandler; Trimboli, M. Scott

    2017-03-28

    A new cell balancing technology was developed under a Department of Energy contract which merges the DC/DC converter function into cell balancing. Instead of conventional passive cell balancing technology which bypasses current through a resistor, or active cell balancing which moves current from one cell to another, with significant cost and additional inefficiencies, this concept takes variable amount of current from each cell or small group of cells and converts it to current for the low voltage system.

  20. Maine——the way life should be

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏萌

    2010-01-01

    @@ Focus one:Lobster and lobster trapThe American lobster thrives in cold,shallow water where there are lots of rocks to hide.Maine's rocky,curvy coastal line of Atlantic Ocean thus offers a paradise for this deliciousspecies and has become the most famous, reliable resource across US for any dinner table dish made from these sea bugs.

  1. A Right to Our Own Life, Our Own Way.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bovee, Jean-Paul

    2000-01-01

    A man with autism discusses the need to accept autism instead of seeking a cure, help people with autism to the point where they can help themselves, and ensure adaptations are provided in inclusive schools. He advocates closing residential institutions, ending employment discrimination, and joining the disability rights movement. (CR)

  2. Habitar bajo los puentes: vida y muerte; dos formas de comenzar algo/ Living under a bridge: life and death; two ways of starting something

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María A. González

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: comprender los significados que las personas que habitan bajo los puentes de la quebrada La Picacha le dan a las experiencias, relacionadas con la vida, la salud, la enfermedad y la muerte. Metodología: estudio cualitativo-etnográfico. Se utilizó muestreo teórico. Se aplicaron las técnicas de observación y entrevista abierta no estructurada. Para el análisis de la información se codificó y categorizó. Resultados: la vida significa la fuerza para salir adelante; la salud es el motor para vivir; el cuidado de la salud lo consideran imposible por las condiciones de vida; la enfermedad significa el inicio de la muerte; la muerte significa el descanso del cuerpo a la que no se le tiene miedo. Conclusión: las concepciones sobre vida, salud, enfermedad y muerte no son muy diferentes a las que tienen los habitantes de la calle. Los programas de promoción de la salud deben tener en cuenta el significado de los habitantes de los puentes Objective: to understand the meanings that the people living under the bridges of the La Picacha brook (Medellín, Colombia give to the experiences related to life, health, illness and death. Methodology: a qualitative-ethnographic study using a theoretical sampling. Data was collected through observations and open unstructured interviews. In addition, data was coded and categorized. Results: life means having the strength to pull through; health is the force that drives life; the studied individuals consider that taking good care of their health is impossible given their life conditions; illness is the beginning of death; death is relief for the body and they are not afraid of it. Conclusion: the perceptions that people living under the bridges have of life, health, illness and death are not very different from those of homeless people living on the streets. Health promotion programs must take into account the meaning of those living under bridges

  3. Growing up on the Illinois Prairie during the Great Depression and the coal mine wars: a portrayal of the way life was

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutchison, Earl R. [Tennessee Technological University, TN (United States)

    2006-07-01

    This is a beguiling yet incisive memoir of growing up in a small town in central Illinois in the 1930s. Writing in a casual and engaging way, the author evokes a past that was pastoral and idyllic for a young boy, yet at the same time somber and precarious for his family and community because of the deprivations of the Depression and ominous tensions of the coal-mining dangers and disputes that haunted his family. The times were hard and challenging, but the people we meet reflect some of the best traits of the American character - tough, resilient, adaptive, and, above all, caring about their family and their community.

  4. Ekaterina Efimova, Sovremennaia tiur’ma : byt, traditsii, fol’klor [Contemporary prison: ways of life, traditions, folklore], Moscow : OGI, 2004 & Russian Criminal Tatoo Encyclopedia, Steidl / Fuel 2003.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youri Vavokhine

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available The first study focuses mainly on the inmates and their sub-culture rather than on the russian-soviet penal institution itself and provides a close examination of different aspects of social action and social control problems within the prison universe. The issues of power, domination and struggle are apprehended in a very serious and explicit way, and that is how the author diverges from the approach proper to the Russian folklorists. Even if this study doesn’t pretend to a rigorous use of s...

  5. Taking the right action in the right way: a comparison of frameworks for assessing the health and quality of life of a postsecondary student campus community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Racher, Frances E; Hyndman, Kathyrn; Anonson, June; Arries, Ebin; Foster, Cathy

    2014-01-01

    The focus of campus health research, historically, has been on population health at the individual or aggregate level with little effort to examine the health of the students at a community level with a focus on the broader determinants of health and community-level intervention. The purpose of this article is to critique three models or frameworks of campus health, articulate the World Health Organization (WHO) vision of a health-promoting university, and demonstrate the efficacy of adapting the Community Health Action model for use in university and college settings. Foundational within this proposed model is taking the right action using the right process, an inclusive participatory process. Adaptation of the model requires careful attention to student engagement in community, a healthy campus infrastructure and processes, and relationships beyond the campus. Effective student community assessment and improvement of student community health, ultimately, will serve to generate knowledge and build skills at various levels to benefit the health and quality of life of the students, their student community, the educational institution, and the broader community.

  6. Resilience to health challenges is related to different ways of thinking: mediators of physical and emotional quality of life in a heterogeneous rare-disease cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Carolyn E; Michael, Wesley; Rapkin, Bruce D

    2017-06-28

    We sought to understand what distinguishes people who confront health challenges but still manage to thrive. This study investigated whether resilience helps to explain the impact of health challenges on quality of life (QOL) outcomes, and how resilience relates to appraisal. A web-based survey of rare-disease panel participants included the Centers for Disease Control Healthy Days Core Module, the PROMIS-10, and comorbidities. The QOL Appraisal Profile-v2 assessed cognitive processes underlying QOL. Resilience was operationalized statistically using residual modeling, and hierarchical regressions tested the mediation hypothesis that resilience accounts for a significant amount of the relationship of appraisal to QOL. The study sample (n = 3,324; mean age 50; 86% female; 90% White) represented a range of diagnostic codes, with cancer and diseases of the nervous system being the most prevalent health conditions. After adjusting for comorbidities (catalysts), resilience was associated with better physical and emotional functioning, and different appraisal processes were associated with better or worse physical or emotional functioning. After controlling for catalysts, 62% of the association of Physical Functioning and 23% of the association between Emotional Functioning and appraisal were mediated by resilience. Physical and emotional resilience comprised some of the same appraisal processes, but physically resilient people were characterized by more appraisal processes than their emotionally resilient counterparts. Resilient people employ different appraisal processes than non-resilient people, and these processes differ for physical and emotional outcomes. Resilience was a stronger mediator of the relationship between physical rather than emotional functioning and appraisal.

  7. The error of our ways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Clifford E.

    1999-10-01

    In Victorian literature it was usually some poor female who came to see the error of her ways. How prescient of her! How I wish that all writers of manuscripts for The Physics Teacher would come to similar recognition of this centerpiece of measurement. For, Brothers and Sisters, we all err.

  8. The Changing Way of Leading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sytsma, Sandra

    2009-01-01

    This conceptual article explores the changing way of leading. It proposes that in contrast to the primarily outer actions that characterize educational change, the inner and outer dimensions of leaders are necessary to change what constitutes leading, thereby making it more appropriate to our times. The unfolding of leading actions and the…

  9. Ways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tino, Kristine Blum; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Five K-12 art activities are described. Elementary students study the paintings of Paul Klee. Junior high students do tempera paintings of flowers. High school students make black and clear glue drawings, learn about the cup paper art of Henri Matisse, and study and interpret leaf forms of the magnolia trees. (RM)

  10. My Way of Learning English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛方艳

    2002-01-01

    With the globalization of the world, English is becoming more and more important in our daily life. A lot of people are learning English in our country now.The questions they usually have are-Why should I learn English? How canI learn English well?

  11. How women, designated as poor, reconstruct identities and ways of life? — the PRSI or the processes of re-qualifying social-identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Toscano

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The sociological qualitative analysis of social identities and of the meanings of social action, the grounded theory and the ‘writing as analytical praxis qualitative-method’ have permitted me the co-creation of women biographies of un-qualifying/re-qualifying — oral discourses about their migration at the Pays Basque. I argue that the “poverty studies traditions” reproduce and contains seven (7 epistemological obstacles and formulations on negative terms, and I underline theoretical contributors to the Identities Sociology, discussing the oppositions “personal/social” (Social-Psi, and “determined-objectives identities/assumed-subjective identities” (Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons and Pierre Bourdieu. So, I define “social identities” as the way the social-actor becomes a social-sujet (on the tradition of Touraine, considering three components (to explain. Defining oral discourses as the condition to co-construct the social experience, I identify and explain, at the re-qualifying processes: 1 several reaction phases – on positive terms – and social-identities territory’s implicated, as multiple meanings of the social action and identity-strategies (Risc, Strategic-Sacrifice; 2 four identity resources-capitals negotiated, affected, connected or stimulated.

  12. Suitable for human beings. Working world - genetic engineering - new technologies - ways of life - public authority. Documentation. Menschengerecht. Arbeitswelt - Genforschung - Neue Technik - Lebensformen - Staatsgewalt. Dokumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daeubler-Gmelin, H.; Adlerstein, W. (eds.)

    1986-01-01

    If a society decides to make use of the advantages of technologies that at the same time bear extensive potentials of harm, society has to prevent abuse of these potentials. Physical protection and other security measures inevitably entail a curtailment of personal liberty. The civil rights will not provide sufficient protection against such creeping loss of personal freedom. The high priority of the objects of legal protection in question will make it necessary to specify the civil rights according to conditions if the security measures are to become effective in practice. Weighing the legal merits and the principle of reasonableness will be the main instruments that will pave the way for a camouflaged change of legal concepts and, finally, a factual restriction of civil rights. Any policy of law intended to protect the civil rights therefore will have to clain responsible participation in research activities, technological development, and energy policy. The policy of law has to take care that the criterion of compatibility with the constitution, the weakening or strengthening effect of a technological system on the civil rights, will duly be taken into account in the process of democratic technology steering, and as early as possible. (orig./HSCH).

  13. 当代大学生的生命意义及其获得途径与方法%Modern College Students' Meaning of Life and Ways and Methods to Get it

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩小琼

    2012-01-01

    生命意义是一种积极的状态,是人们对有意义的生活的一种追求。生命意义对人们的影响是积极的,它的缺失会给人们造成不利的影响。本文探讨了当代大学生生命意义的研究状况以及获得的途径与方法,并对生命意义未来研究方向进行了阐述。%The meaning of life is a positive state,is a pursuit of meaningful life.The meaning of life is a positive impact on people,and its absence will give people adversely affected.This paper explores the situation of contemporary college students the meaning of life and the ways and means,and life meaning future research directions are described.

  14. Ways of Viewing Pictorial Plasticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarten W. A. Wijntjes

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The plastic effect is historically used to denote various forms of stereopsis. The vivid impression of depth often associated with binocular stereopsis can also be achieved in other ways, for example, using a synopter. Accounts of this go back over a hundred years. These ways of viewing all aim to diminish sensorial evidence that the picture is physically flat. Although various viewing modes have been proposed in the literature, their effects have never been compared. In the current study, we compared three viewing modes: monocular blur, synoptic viewing, and free viewing (using a placebo synopter. By designing a physical embodiment that was indistinguishable for the three experimental conditions, we kept observers naïve with respect to the differences between them; 197 observers participated in an experiment where the three viewing modes were compared by performing a rating task. Results indicate that synoptic viewing causes the largest plastic effect. Monocular blur scores lower than synoptic viewing but is still rated significantly higher than the baseline conditions. The results strengthen the idea that synoptic viewing is not due to a placebo effect. Furthermore, monocular blur has been verified for the first time as a way of experiencing the plastic effect, although the effect is smaller than synoptic viewing. We discuss the results with respect to the theoretical basis for the plastic effect. We show that current theories are not described with sufficient details to explain the differences we found.

  15. Chronic Illnesses as a personal identification, as a way of life or as a message for “anamorphosis” of the self- Case study (The essential contribution of Music Medicine and Music Therapy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Psaltopoulou D.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Music Medicine focuses mainly on the laboratory results of the precomposed music effects on human physiology. Music Therapy, which is being practiced inside and outside hospitals, focuses on the healthy part of the human being, deals with what is happening at the deeper levels of the human self as a whole, encourages “anamorphosis” of the self and promises long-term inner changes.People, who suffer from chronic illnesses, regardless their age or their pathologies, experience some kind of a handicap, which inhibits functions of vital importance for their self actualization process and seriously affects their way of life. Unfortunately the patient often connects and identifies his/her image of the whole self with the chronic illness.At the present paper, through the clinical case of Kalliroy, HIV positive, is being illustrated how music psychotherapy helped her experience the acceptance of the other, at a verbal and non verbal level, move on to the self actualization path, gain a deep sense and awareness of self and finally change her way of life.

  16. Ways of Fishery Local Life: Processes of Participation in Management of Natural Resources in the Coastal Areas of the Upper Gulf of Eastern Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulak Sa-Ngiamlak

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Local fishery was an inherited occupation for a long time. The objective of this research were to study: (1 the local fishery lifestyle of community in local fishery on upper area in Gulf of Thailand, (2 the appropriate participation process in natural resource management on upper part in Gulf of Thailand of people and organization and (3 the guidelines in natural resource management on the coastal area in upper part on Gulf of Thailand as relevant to local fishery lifestyle. Approach: The research area consisted of the shore of upper area in Gulf of Thailand including: Chachoengsao, Samutprakan, Samutsakon, Samutsongkram, Pechburi, Chonburi, Ra-yong, Chantaburi and Trad provinces. The samples as informants were 100 persons. The instruments using for data collection included the Survey, Interview Form, Observation Form, Record Form of Focus Group Discussion and Record Form of Participatory Workshop. The obtained data were classified into groups and investigated by using Triangulation Technique. Qualitative data were analyzed based on specified objectives. Results: The study of local fishery lifestyle found that there was location as in the present area owing to the fertility of area next to the sea. So, they could earn their living by fishery on coastal area. The local fishermen’s lifestyle was simple. Their living places were wooden houses with high space under a Thai house. For relationship of relative groups, they still helped each other among community people. They had belief in guardian spirit of a ship or boat and Kromluang Choomponke dudomsak. They did traditional fishery. Most of their instruments were made by themselves and adapted based on appropriateness. The wisdoms were transferred within their family, (2 the participation process in appropriate natural resource management, found that based on problem situations of natural resource on coastal area in upper area on Gulf of Thailand, being destroyed. Consequently

  17. A escrita como modo de vida: conexões e desdobramentos educacionais Writing as a way of life: educational connections and unfoldings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Groppa Aquino

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Tomando por base as principais reflexões de Michel Foucault sobre o ato de escrever, o presente ensaio discorre sobre a correlação intrínseca entre os modos de escrita e de vida nas escolas, apontando para uma agonística em operação diuturna nas práticas escriturais levadas a cabo nesse quadrante. Isso significa que, no interior dos procedimentos de escrita, embatem-se forças superlativas, tanto no sentido da investida unificadora dos modos de subjetivação aí implicados, quanto na direção de uma transfiguração radical desses mesmos modos, tendo em vista a sua multiplicação. Adensando a discussão teórica, tematiza-se a escrita de si, tal como formulada por Foucault, como um esforço escultural desmedido em favor de uma dispersão, uma rarefação e, então, uma elisão subjetivas. Em seguida, interpelam-se analiticamente três argumentos recorrentes acerca da escrita escolar: sua categorização segundo gêneros, sua função examinatória e sua subordinação à leitura. Por meio de tal exame crítico, visa-se desestabilizar as bases de justificação de um tipo de apropriação representacional e cientificista dos fazeres escriturais escolares, bem como fabular cenários divergentes de seu mainstream. Por fim, intenta-se perspectivar a escrita como circunstância propícia à estilização existencial daquele que escreve, tendo em mente, com Foucault, o imprescindível esforço de resistência e de autocriação ética diante dos jogos subjetivadores típicos das práticas escolares. Trata-se do inextricável movimento de diferença e de variação que uma escrita não cativa das convenções pedagógicas da época faculta e, ao mesmo tempo, exige de todo aquele que por ela envereda.Drawing on Foucault's main reflections about the act of writing, the present essay expounds the intrinsic correlation between ways of writing and ways of living at schools, pointing out the daily agony involved in the writing practices conducted

  18. Characterization of three-way automotive catalysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenik, E.A.; More, K.L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN (United States); LaBarge, W. [General Motors-AC Delco Systems, Flint, MI (United States)] [and others

    1995-05-01

    This has been the second year of a CRADA between General Motors - AC Delco Systems (GM-ACDS) and Martin Marietta Energy Systems (MMES) aimed at improved performance/lifetime of platinum-rhodium based three-way-catalysts (TWC) for automotive emission control systems. While current formulations meet existing emission standards, higher than optimum Pt-Rh loadings are often required. In additionk, more stringent emission standards have been imposed for the near future, demanding improved performance and service life from these catalysts. Understanding the changes of TWC conversion efficiency with ageing is a critical need in improving these catalysts.

  19. Adaptation and patterns of its effects on the continuity of a healthy way of life of senior pupil and first-year students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vovk V.M.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Reviewed and analyzed the literature on adaptation of youth. The results of the monitoring of the impact of factors on the process of adapting a healthy lifestyle succession of senior and first-year students. The experiment involved 298 high school students and 296 first-year students. It is established that the category of "adaptation" is the most important educational component of a healthy lifestyle. This category is effectively influence the process of succession healthy living and active sports activity pupils and students. The strategic goal of secondary and higher education should be to create an environment that promotes the physical and moral improvement of young people, promoting a healthy lifestyle. It is proved that adjustment disorder is expressed in the deterioration of health, physical development, bio-energy physical activity of young people.

  20. Implementing New Ways of Working

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Granlien, Maren Sander; Hertzum, Morten

    2009-01-01

    Successful deployment of information technology (IT) involves implementation of new ways of working. Under-recognition of this organizational element of implementation entails considerable risk of not attaining the benefits that motivated deployment, yet knowledge of how to work systematically...... with organizational implementation is sparse. This study investigates a set of interventions undertaken to implement one mandated procedure associated with an electronic medication record, namely that all information about medication is recorded in the system. Medical record audits show that the interventions, which...... were devised and performed as part of the study, significantly lowered the number of records that violated the procedure. This positive effect was, however, not achieved until multiple interventions had been employed, and there is some indication that the effect may be wearing off after...

  1. Ways of standardizing mining regulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macionga, R.

    1990-07-01

    Deals with ways of improving and standardizing mining regulations in Poland. Shortcomings of existing mining regulations and legal rules are discussed, their main disadvantage being their great multitude and variety. Apart from institutional faults there are also constitutional failures, e.g. exaggerated safety requirements. Another weakness of the existing regulations is the terminology used that is not compatible with standardized mining terminology. Conversion of all regulations, directions and legal acts into standards is recommended as the best means of improvement and the best methods of standarization are suggested. The standards should be issued by only one institution which should be the Higher Mining Office. Establishing Higher and District Mining Offices as the only control structures and a standarized mining law is postulated.

  2. High levels of Y-chromosome differentiation among native Siberian populations and the genetic signature of a boreal hunter-gatherer way of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karafet, Tatiana M; Osipova, Ludmila P; Gubina, Marina A; Posukh, Olga L; Zegura, Stephen L; Hammer, Michael F

    2002-12-01

    We examined genetic variation on the nonrecombining portion of the Y chromosome (NRY) to investigate the paternal population structure of indigenous Siberian groups and to reconstruct the historical events leading to the peopling of Siberia. A set of 62 biallelic markers on the NRY were genotyped in 1432 males representing 18 Siberian populations, as well as nine populations from Central and East Asia and one from European Russia. A subset of these markers defines the 18 major NRY haplogroups (A-R) recently described by the Y Chromosome Consortium (YCC 2002). While only four of these 18 major NRY haplogroups accounted for -95% of Siberian Y-chromosome variation, native Siberian populations differed greatly in their haplogroup composition and exhibited the highest phiST value for any region of the world. When we divided our Siberian sample into four geographic regions versus five major linguistic groupings, analyses of molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated higher phiST and phiCT values for linguistic groups than for geographic groups. Mantel tests also supported the existence of NRY genetic patterns that were correlated with language, indicating that language affiliation might be a better predictor of the genetic affinity among Siberians than their present geographic position. The combined results, including those from a nested cladistic analysis, underscored the important role of directed dispersals, range expansions, and long-distance colonizations bound by common ethnic and linguistic affiliation in shaping the genetic landscape of Siberia. The Siberian pattern of reduced haplogroup diversity within populations combined with high levels of differentiation among populations may be a general feature characteristic of indigenous groups that have small effective population sizes and that have been isolated for long periods of time.

  3. The passive yet successful way of planktonic life: genomic and experimental analysis of the ecology of a free-living polynucleobacter population.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin W Hahn

    Full Text Available The bacterial taxon Polynucleobacter necessarius subspecies asymbioticus represents a group of planktonic freshwater bacteria with cosmopolitan and ubiquitous distribution in standing freshwater habitats. These bacteria comprise <1% to 70% (on average about 20% of total bacterioplankton cells in various freshwater habitats. The ubiquity of this taxon was recently explained by intra-taxon ecological diversification, i.e. specialization of lineages to specific environmental conditions; however, details on specific adaptations are not known. Here we investigated by means of genomic and experimental analyses the ecological adaptation of a persistent population dwelling in a small acidic pond.The investigated population (F10 lineage contributed on average 11% to total bacterioplankton in the pond during the vegetation periods (ice-free period, usually May to November. Only a low degree of genetic diversification of the population could be revealed. These bacteria are characterized by a small genome size (2.1 Mb, a relatively small number of genes involved in transduction of environmental signals, and the lack of motility and quorum sensing. Experiments indicated that these bacteria live as chemoorganotrophs by mainly utilizing low-molecular-weight substrates derived from photooxidation of humic substances.Evolutionary genome streamlining resulted in a highly passive lifestyle so far only known among free-living bacteria from pelagic marine taxa dwelling in environmentally stable nutrient-poor off-shore systems. Surprisingly, such a lifestyle is also successful in a highly dynamic and nutrient-richer environment such as the water column of the investigated pond, which was undergoing complete mixis and pronounced stratification in diurnal cycles. Obviously, metabolic and ecological versatility is not a prerequisite for long-lasting establishment of abundant bacterial populations under highly dynamic environmental conditions. Caution should be exercised

  4. The effects of sex, age and commensal way of life on levels of fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in spiny mice (Acomys cahirinus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nováková, M; Palme, R; Kutalová, H; Janský, L; Frynta, D

    2008-09-03

    We studied levels of fecal glucocorticoid metabolites (GCM) in a social rodent - Egyptian spiny mouse. As breeding adults are socially dominant over subadults, and adolescent males are driven away by the dominant males, we addressed the question whether animals within extended families are stressed differently depending upon their social category. In addition, we evaluated whether there are differences between non-commensal (outdoor) and commensal (adapted to human settlements) populations. Concentrations of fecal GCM were assessed from samples collected in a special cage that allowed continuous individual sampling of undisturbed mice housed as a semi-natural social unit. First we performed an ACTH challenge test to validate two enzyme immunoassays (EIA): a 5alpha-pregnane-3beta,11beta,21-triol-20-one EIA and an 11-oxoetiocholanolone EIA to measure a group of fecal GCM in this species. Next we monitored concentrations of fecal GCM in 68 individuals belonging to 10 family groups and two populations. Commensal spiny mice showed higher fecal GCM levels than non-commensal ones. No effect of age (i.e., social dominance) and only a small effect of sex (in the commensal population only, with males exhibiting lower values) on fecal GCM levels were found. On the other hand, considerable variations in measured fecal GCM between family groups were revealed, indicating that the social settings of the particular group play an important role.

  5. Life beneath the surface of the central Texan Balcones Escarpment: genus Anillinus Casey, 1918 (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Bembidiini): new species, a key to the Texas species, and notes about their way of life and evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokolov, Igor M.; Reddell, James R.; Kavanaugh, David H.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The Texas fauna of the genus Anillinus Casey, 1918 includes three previously described species (A. affabilis (Brues), 1902, A. depressus (Jeannel), 1963 and A. sinuatus (Jeannel), 1963) and four new species here described: A. acutipennis Sokolov & Reddell, sp. n. (type locality: Fort Hood area, Bell County, Texas); A. comalensis Sokolov & Kavanaugh, sp. n. (type locality: 7 miles W of New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas); A. forthoodensis Sokolov & Reddell, sp. n. (type locality: Fort Hood area, Bell County, Texas); A. wisemanensis Sokolov & Kavanaugh, sp. n. (type locality: Wiseman Sink, Hays County, Texas). A key for identification of adults of these species is provided. The fauna includes both soil- and cave-inhabiting species restricted to the Balcones Fault Zone and Lampasas Cut Plain and adjacent areas underlain by the Edwards-Trinity Aquifer. Based on morphological and distributional data, we hypothesize that four lineages of endogean Anillinus species extended their geographical ranges from a source area in the Ouachita-Ozark Mountains to the Balconian region in central Texas. There the cavernous Edwards-Trinity aquifer system provided an excellent refugium as the regional climate in the late Tertiary and early Quaternary became increasingly drier, rendering life at the surface nearly impossible for small, litter-inhabiting arthropods. Isolated within the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system, these anilline lineages subsequently differentiated, accounting for the currently known diversity. The paucity of specimens and difficulty in collecting them suggest that additional undiscovered species remain to be found in the region. PMID:25061356

  6. Life beneath the surface of the central Texan Balcones Escarpment: genus Anillinus Casey, 1918 (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Bembidiini: new species, a key to the Texas species, and notes about their way of life and evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Sokolov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Texas fauna of the genus Anillinus Casey, 1918 includes three previously described species (A. affabilis (Brues, 1902, A. depressus (Jeannel, 1963 and A. sinuatus (Jeannel, 1963 and four new species here described: A. acutipennis Sokolov & Reddell sp. n. (type locality: Fort Hood area, Bell County, Texas; A. comalensis Sokolov & Kavanaugh sp. n. (type locality: 7 miles W of New Braunfels, Comal County, Texas; A. forthoodensis Sokolov & Reddell sp. n. (type locality: Fort Hood area, Bell County, Texas; A. wisemanensis Sokolov & Kavanaugh sp. n. (type locality: Wiseman Sink, Hays County, Texas. A key for identification of adults of these species is provided. The fauna includes both soil- and cave-inhabiting species restricted to the Balcones Fault Zone and Lampasas Cut Plain and adjacent areas underlain by the Edwards-Trinity Aquifer. Based on morphological and distributional data, we hypothesize that four lineages of endogean Anillinus species extended their geographical ranges from a source area in the Ouachita-Ozark Mountains to the Balconian region in central Texas. There the cavernous Edwards-Trinity aquifer system provided an excellent refugium as the regional climate in the late Tertiary and early Quaternary became increasingly drier, rendering life at the surface nearly impossible for small, litter-inhabiting arthropods. Isolated within the Edwards-Trinity aquifer system, these anilline lineages subsequently differentiated, accounting for the currently known diversity. The paucity of specimens and difficulty in collecting them suggest that additional undiscovered species remain to be found in the region.

  7. New ways of insulin delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinemann, L

    2010-02-01

    When Exubera (EXU), the first inhaled insulin formulation to make it through the clinical development process, was introduced to the market some years ago it was hoped that this would be the first in a series of novel insulin formulations applied by this route. In addition, it was hoped that inhaled insulin would pave the way for other alternative routes of insulin administration (ARIA), i.e. oral insulin, nasal insulin or transdermal insulin to mention only some of the different attempts that have been studied in the last 90 years. The failure of EXU, i.e. its withdrawal from the market due to insufficient market success, was followed by the cessation of nearly all other attempts to develop inhaled insulin formulations. Currently there is only one company (MannKind) which moves sturdily ahead with their Technosphere insulin. This company has submitted an NDA for their product recently and hopes to bring it to the market by the end of 2010 or early 2011. Even if the product is able to pass the approval hurdles in the USA and Europe, this does not guarantee that it will become a market success. Many diabetologists were sceptical about the need/advantages of inhaled insulin/EXU from the start and the introduction of this product has raised even more scepticism. Reports about 'side effects' (development of lung cancer in patients treated with EXU) of inhaled insulin are also not helpful, even if the causality of the appearance of cancer with this type of insulin therapy is not proven. One of the very negative consequences of stopping EXU are the huge financial losses to Pfizer. The managers in charge in other pharmaceutical companies and also most venture capitalists are reluctant to invest in ARIA nowadays. This in turn means that many of the small companies that try to develop new forms of insulin administration have issues when they try to find a big brother and/or sufficient financial support. Clearly the economic crisis has further aggravated this issue. One can

  8. The lost art of finding our way

    CERN Document Server

    Huth, Edward John

    2013-01-01

    Long before GPS, Google Earth, and global transit, humans traveled vast distances using only environmental clues and simple instruments. John Huth asks what is lost when modern technology substitutes for our innate capacity to find our way. Encyclopedic in breadth, weaving together astronomy, meteorology, oceanography, and ethnography, The Lost Art of Finding Our Way puts us in the shoes, ships, and sleds of early navigators for whom paying close attention to the environment around them was, quite literally, a matter of life and death. Haunted by the fate of two young kayakers lost in a fogbank off Nantucket, Huth shows us how to navigate using natural phenomena—the way the Vikings used the sunstone to detect polarization of sunlight, and Arab traders learned to sail into the wind, and Pacific Islanders used underwater lightning and “read” waves to guide their explorations. Huth reminds us that we are all navigators capable of learning techniques ranging from the simplest to the most sophisticated skil...

  9. How might IMT influence the way parents play with their children? Development of a scale to measure the use of Music in Everyday Life (MEL)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Grace; Gottfried, Tali

    2013-01-01

    The use of music therapy to assist children with autism to develop social communication skills has a long history, with promising evidence of its effectiveness emerging. Both clinical and research evidence has noted the improvements in the children’s ability to interact socially within music...... therapy sessions. Recent research has also shown that musical interventions aimed at supporting the parent-child relationship have resulted in significant gains in the social communication skills of children with autism. Music therapy that is inclusive of the family and provides guidance and support...... for parents is a growing approach, and is at the center of the PhD projects of both Grace Thompson and Tali Gottfried. However, little is known about the amount or type of musical play that parents engage in with their child with autism, or whether parents use music as a facilitator in certain daily...

  10. Middle and Late Holocene hunter-gatherers in East Central Europe: changing paradigms of the ‘non-Neolithic’ way of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Nowak

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available According to traditional views, the main reason for ‘demesolithisation’ in East Central Europe was the spread of the Neolithic oecumene, particularly from c. 4000 BC. Simultaneously, the disintegrated Late Mesolithic world gradually underwent typological unification, and finally reached the stage that is sometimes described as pre-Neolithic. However, we definitely have to bear in mind that as a matter of fact we deal only with the ‘history’ of archaeological artefacts that are treated as typical attributes of hunter-gatherers. The analyses of chronological, technological, settlement, economic, and social data referring to foragers of East Central Europe demonstrate that the quantitative decrease and changes of their archaeological attributes in the fifth, fourth, and third millennia were not connected with a profound reorientation of their spatial and ideological existence. It was rather a continuation of previous patterns, even though territories settled by farming societies were steadily growing in size. The final disappearance of Central European hunter-gatherers – but only in a strictly typological dimension – took place in the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age.

  11. An Investigation of Personal Background Factors Related to the Civil Engineering Officers’ Satisfaction with the Air Force Way of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    21 and up, a shift in this value system can be caused by a significant emotional event (13:237). Jean Piaget , an expert in the area of value 7 rI...the previous thought processes. Piaget constructed a general development model summarized as follows: 1. There is an invariable order of the stages

  12. Juventude, espaços de formação e modos de vida / Youth, place of human formation and ways of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celecina de Maria Veras Sales

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Os jovens rurais têm diferentes inserções na sociedade. Considerando essas diversidades, pretende-se conhecer seus espaços de formação (escola, família, movimentos sociais, apreendendo as singularidades, as variações e as multiplicidades de suas práticas. Como os jovens na escola, nos cursos de formação, na família, no cotidiano, estão criando e recriando modos de vida? Como os jovens rurais constituem seus espaços de formação e sociabilidade, como exercitam corpo e o pensamento e como canalizam desejos, sonhos e ações afirmativas?Rural youth have different insertions in society. Considering these differences, we intend to know their place of human formation (school, family, social movements learning the singularities, variations and multiplicity of practices of these youths. How young people are creating and recreating lifestyles at school, training courses and in family? As rural youth are building their areas of training and sociability and how they exercise body and mind, how they can channel desires, dreams and affirmative action.

  13. Philosophy as a Way of Life (by Pierre Hadot)%作为一种生活方式的哲学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮埃尔·阿道; 张艳芹(译)

    2016-01-01

    在古代哲学家那里,哲学是一种对一个人的存在方式和生活方式的转变与改造,是对智慧的追求。哲学能够带来思想的平静、内在的自由以及宇宙意识。哲学以一种“治疗剂”的方式呈现它自己,目的是治疗人类的苦恼。哲学将自身展示为获得独立与内在自由的一种途径,并且,在这种状态里,自我意识只依赖于它自身。哲学被当作哲学著述只是中世纪以后的事情。%For ancient philosophers, philosophy is a kind of transformation and modification of mode of exist-ence and lifestyle, as well as a pursuit of wisdom, and philosophy brings about peace of mind, inner freedom and cosmic awareness. Philosophy presents itself as a remedy of curing human bewilderment, and manifests itself as a path of pursuit for independence and inner freedom, where self-concept solely relies on itself. As for philosophy be-ing seen as philosophy texts and books, it was after the medieval times.

  14. Orienteering: A Swedish Way of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, Rick

    1984-01-01

    Orienteering involves navigating over an unfamiliar route with a map and a compass and locating control markers as quickly as possible. Originating in Sweden, orienting began primarily as a military event and has grown into "a sport for all." Suggested activities in orienteering to conduct in school conclude the article. (ERB)

  15. Living a normal life in an extraordinary way: A systematic review investigating experiences of families of young people's transition into adulthood when affected by a genetic and chronic childhood condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldboth, Veronika; Patch, Christine; Mahrer-Imhof, Romy; Metcalfe, Alison

    2016-10-01

    The transition into adulthood is a developmental stage within the life cycle. A chronic childhood condition can disrupt this transition and create major challenges for both the young person and his or her family. Little is known about families' experiences when living with a rare genetic disease. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review was to understand experiences of families living with a chronic childhood disease during transition into adulthood by integrating evidence. A systematic review using an integrative approach to data inclusion and analysis comprising qualitative, quantitative and other methodological studies about a range of genetic and chronic childhood diseases was undertaken to identify relevant information. Databases searched were PubMed, Cochrane Library, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and AMED, using the search terms (1) family, caregivers, young adult, adolescent; (2) adolescent development, transitional programs, transition to adult care; (3) muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, cystic fibrosis, haemophilia and sickle cell disease. Study findings were critically appraised and analyzed using critical interpretive synthesis. A total of 8116 citations were retrieved. 33 studies remained following the removal of duplicates, papers unrelated to genetic childhood conditions and families' experiences of the transition into adulthood. Findings provided three perspectives: (1) the young person's perspective on how to "live a normal life in an extraordinary way" and "manage a chronic and life threatening disease"; (2) the parent perspective on the "complexity of being a parent of a chronically ill child" and "concerns about the child's future" and (3) the sibling perspective on "concerns about the siblings future". As a consequence of the genetic childhood condition, during the ill family members' transition into adulthood all family members were at risk for psychosocial difficulties as they mutually influenced each other. Previous research focused

  16. 失能老人对不同照料方式的生活满意度调查%A Life Satisfaction Survey of Disabled Elders on Different Ways of Care

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏小丽; 谷艳侠; 齐丽平

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo discuss the impact on the satisfaction of different ways to take care of disabled elders. Methods About 100 disabled elders were randomly selected and took questionnaire surveys from January 2012 to January 2015. The general situation, the degree of disability and the way of care and life satisfaction were investigated.Results Take care of ways in different ages, different cultural degree, marital status, state of the economy had statistically significant(P0.05).Informal care and formal care way satisfaction difference is statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion Satisfaction of Formal care is higher than informal care, and may be influenced by age, culture level, marital status and economic conditions.%目的:探讨不同照料方式对失能老人生活满意度影响。方法随机抽取2012年1月-2015年1月来就诊的失能老人100例,采用问卷调查方法调查患者一般情况,失能程度界定和照料方式以及生活满意度等,分析对不同照料方式的生活满意度差异。结果不同年龄、不同文化程度、不同婚姻状况、不同经济状况等照料方式间差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),性别之间照料方式差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。非正式照料与正式照料方式在失能老人满意情况差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论正式照料方式失能老人生活满意度高于非正式照料,并且可能受到年龄、文化程度、婚姻状况以及经济状况影响。

  17. New ways of insulin delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinemann, L

    2011-02-01

    mean that more patients are willing to start insulin therapy earlier than with conventional SC insulin therapy? With TI we have a product that has improved pharmacological properties (also in comparison to Exubera) for coverage of prandial insulin requirements. Subsequently, in the clinical trials performed, postprandial glycaemic excursions were lower than with SC injection of RHI or rapid-acting insulin analogues. This only in part (if at all) results in an improved metabolic control in general (= lower HbA1c) (see below). The outlook for 2011 is that there are chances that we shall have an inhaled insulin product on the market. Probably also the first OI will be submitted to the regulatory authorities for market approval or will even be available in less regulated markets. In order to select all relevant publications about new ways of insulin delivery I performed a PUBMED search and also checked the table of contents of a number of journals that publish heavily in this area of research as well references in the publications I found for additional references. Selection of the manuscripts from all publications was predominately based on the fact whether they presented data from clinical studies or not. The selected studies were critically reviewed for novelty and appropriate study design etc. In some cases also reviews about a given topic were selected if they provide relevant novel insights.

  18. The Way of No-Way to Pursue Knowledge in Many Ways (Invited Paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayanta Choudhury

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available "The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao. The name that can be named is not the eternal name. The nameless is the beginning of heaven and earth. The named is the mother of ten thousand things. Ever desireless, one can see the mystery. Ever desiring, one can see the manifestations. These two spring from the same source but differ in name; this appears as darkness. Darkness within darkness. The gate to all mystery."–Lao Tsu (B.C. 2500 The above is an English translation of the first verse of the book "Tao Te Ching" by Lao Tsu. A working meaning of the word "Tao" is "way". The technical jargon "multidisciplinary research" or "interdisciplinary research" are research in many named established areas (i.e. chemistry, physics, sociology, mathematics, statistics, theology, philosophy, political science etc. by an individual or a group of individuals. This type of research has a mysterious common theme that cannot be isolated but is present in the manifestations in various research disciplines. One example of a common theme can be the goal of a new technological innovation. In this article, the problems and solutions of such endeavors are identified by practical analogies of living and nonliving natural phenomena to the above quoted verse by Lao Tsu.

  19. The Study on Relationship Between College Students' Physical Fitness and Health Promotion Way of Life%大学生体质与健康促进生活方式相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王占坤; 彭艳芳

    2013-01-01

    采用文献资料法、问卷调查法和测试法,对大学生体质与健康促进生活方式的现状及相关性进行研究,结果显示:大学生体质严重下降,体质健康状况形式严峻,亟待加强大学生体质健康;男女生健康促进生活方式无显著性差异,但在各个变量上男女生具有差异,即运动锻炼行为、饮食营养行为、健康危害行为和健康责任行为具有显著性差异;大学生健康促进生活方式对体质健康具有影响作用。其中生活规律、健康负责、人际支持、以及生命欣赏行为与体质健康成正相关,且达到显著水平。针对以上问题提出合理建议。%Using literature analysis, questionnaire and test method, the paper analyzes present situation of college students physi-cal fitness and health promotion way of life.The result shows college students' physical declines and there is an urgent need to strength-en the college students' physical health;Male and female students have no significant differences in health promoting lifestyle, but has the significant difference among variables that are exercise, nutrition behavior, health risk behavior and health responsibility behavior;Life style of health promotion have influence on college students, physical health. Life law, health responsibility, interpersonal support and life appreciation behavior positively correlated with physical fitness. In view of the above problems, the author puts forward rea-sonable proposals.

  20. [The "wine bar", or a different way of caring].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guastella, Virginie; Raynaud, Nathalie

    2016-04-01

    The "wine bar" in the palliative care unit of Clermont-Ferrand general hospital is an example of a different way of providing care. It defends the right of patients at the end of life to treat themselves and others. Acknowledging that life is present right up until the end, patients are invited to drink wine at mealtimes and caregivers are encouraged to learn the basics of oenology.

  1. The photo-biophylic character of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Martín, Osmel; Horvath, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    It is investigated how biofriendly is the Milky Way for photosynthetic life. Special attention is dedicated to the role of the photobiological regime in the emergence and evolution of this kind of life in terrestrial planets. Following this line, it is investigated the potential role of stellar explosions as a potential environmental perturbation in planets, emphasizing on Earth. The difficulties in modelling the behaviour of stressed biological systems and the robustness of life leads us to conclude the relative arbitrariness of defining a galactic habitable zone with today's limited knowledge on the very possible diverse sets of living creatures.

  2. WAYS OF ECONOMIC RECOVERY UKRAINE

    OpenAIRE

    Kondusova, L.

    2014-01-01

    In the article the most important tools of the economic mechanism of planned economic management and leverage the efficiency of social production are finance, credit, monetary circulation. Determined that they mediate a significant part of economic relations and industrial processes. Informed that the state should pursue a proactive fiscal policy. Determined the main objective in the financial sector to increase the impact of the financial mechanism to accelerate socio-economic development of...

  3. The middle way of evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Tam

    2012-09-01

    THIS ESSAY PROVIDES A CRITICAL REVIEW OF TWO RECENT BOOKS ON EVOLUTION: Richard Dawkins' The Greatest Show on Earth, and Jerry Coyne's Why Evolution is True, as well as a critique of mainstream evolutionary theory and of natural selection. I also suggest a generalization of sexual selection theory that acknowledges mind as pervasive in nature. Natural selection, as the primary theory of how biological change occurs, must be carefully framed to avoid the long-standing "tautology problem" and must also be modified to more explicitly include the role of mind in evolution. A propensity approach to natural selection, in which "expected fitness" is utilized rather than "fitness," can save natural selection from tautology. But to be a productive theory, natural selection theory should be placed alongside sexual selection - which is explicitly agentic/intentional - as a twin force, but also placed alongside purely endogenous factors such as genetic drift. This framing is contrary to the normal convention that often groups all of these factors under the rubric of "natural selection." I suggest some approaches for improving modern evolutionary theory, including a "generalized sexual selection," a panpsychist extension of Darwin's theory of sexual selection that explicitly recognizes the role of mind at all levels of nature and which may play the part of a general theory of evolution better than natural selection theory.

  4. 不同养老方式老年人生活满意度影响因素分析%Analysis on the Factors Affecting the Life Satisfaction of the Elderly with Different Pension Ways

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬雪山; 李向阳; 顾永红; 王丽雯; 秦新红; 石宇; 魏芳; 刘辉

    2015-01-01

    为了解不同养老方式老年人生活满意度的影响因素,对保定市60岁及以上老年人采用生活满意指数A量表进行了问卷调查。家庭养老组的老年人生活自理能力、婚姻状况、参加社会活动进入回归方程,机构养老组婚姻状况和参加社会活动进入回归方程。研究建议老年人尤其是婚姻状况不佳者要多参加社会活动;对有再婚意愿的老年人要支持;对家庭养老生活不能自理者要加强护理和照顾,探索适合不同老年人的新型养老模式是当今社会和政府的当务之急。%In order to investigate the factors which affected the life satisfaction of the elderly in Baoding city ,we chose the people at 60 years old or older who dwelled in living quarters or the pension agency of Baoding city by cluster sampling method and used the life satisfaction index A scale for questionnaires .The results showed that the living skills ,marital status and social activities were the influencing factors for the elderly who were family pension ,the marital status and social activities were the influencing factors for the elderly who were agency pension .The results indicated that it was important to encourage the elderly to participate the social activity ,especially to pay more attention to the elderly with bad marital status ,to support the digamy of the elderly who were dissociation or loss of spouse and to provide intensive care and attending for the elderly who was family pension and losing life skills .Therefore ,it is the pressing matter for the society and government to develop new and different pension ways for different elderly .

  5. Some Ways of Helping Underachievers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willings, David; Greenwood, Bill

    1990-01-01

    A program of intervention called therapeutic tutoring to help underachievers is described. Intervention centers around students' loci of control, through a process of identifying areas in which students feel empowered and relating academic experiences to these areas. Academic exercises based on Monopoly, cricket, rugby, soap operas, field hockey,…

  6. Talent's Network Way of Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyarmathy, Éva

    2016-01-01

    In the 21st century support for gifted education and talent, as are many other earlier values and solutions, is being reassessed. In the age of rapidly changing values, keeping provision up-to-date is achieved through the continual rethinking, reviewing and challenging the concept of giftedness and talent. The perception and our understanding of…

  7. MYSTICISM: A WAY OF UNKNOWING

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... 1994:3); “a heightened awareness of God's immediate and transforming presence” (McGinn 2005:19; cf. ..... Can we apply the rules of discursive thinking and intel ... This silence-event cuts across all religious, ethnic, linguistic, cultural or con.

  8. The American Way of Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    Military Experience: History and Learning,” The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Winter, 1971), 208. 19 Jerome S. Bruner , Jacqueline... Bruner , Jerome S., Goodnow, Jacqueline J, and Austin, George A. A Study of Thinking. New York: Wiley, 1956. Bruscino, Thomas A, “Our American

  9. Finding Ways to Lift Barriers to Care for Chronic Pain Patients: Outcomes of Using Internet-Based Self-Management Activities to Reduce Pain and Improve Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rod, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Background. Chronic pain is prevalent, disabling, costly, and undertreated. There is clearly a need to improve patient understanding of ways to manage their pain. Internet-based programs are continually being developed to facilitate mental health improvement, providing tailored content for patients to manage their pain, anxiety, and depression. Objective. To evaluate the impact of Internet-based patient self-management education and activities on patients' pain, anxiety, and quality of life in patients who could not access multidisciplinary pain management. Design. Observational study. Subjects. Two hundred (200) patients (61% females, 39% males, between 18 and 75 years old) from one community pain clinic in Toronto, Canada (Toronto Poly Clinic), participated. Patients had moderate to severe pain, depression, and anxiety. These patients committed to study from a group of 515 patients with chronic noncancer pain of different origins who were stable on their levels of pain, anxiety, and depression for 12 consecutive months before start of study and could not afford noninsured treatment modalities like physiotherapy, psychology, nutrition, or exercise therapy consultation. Methods. Patients were encouraged to visit two Internet sites (a blog and Twitter postings) for educational postings written by the author about exercise, nutrition, mindfulness meditation, disease management methods, evidence-based supplements, daily relaxation exercises, and overall self-management methods 15 minutes per day for six months. Patients were also encouraged to share their ideas and comments on a blog. Activity logs were kept by patients and reviewed by physician at follow-up visits. Compliance was encouraged via weekly email reminders and phone calls during the observation period. Results. Modest improvements were noted in pain, anxiety, depression, and quality of life. Of the patients with moderate or severe pain before treatment, 45% reported mild levels of pain after treatment

  10. Finding Ways to Lift Barriers to Care for Chronic Pain Patients: Outcomes of Using Internet-Based Self-Management Activities to Reduce Pain and Improve Quality of Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Rod

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Chronic pain is prevalent, disabling, costly, and undertreated. There is clearly a need to improve patient understanding of ways to manage their pain. Internet-based programs are continually being developed to facilitate mental health improvement, providing tailored content for patients to manage their pain, anxiety, and depression. Objective. To evaluate the impact of Internet-based patient self-management education and activities on patients’ pain, anxiety, and quality of life in patients who could not access multidisciplinary pain management. Design. Observational study. Subjects. Two hundred (200 patients (61% females, 39% males, between 18 and 75 years old from one community pain clinic in Toronto, Canada (Toronto Poly Clinic, participated. Patients had moderate to severe pain, depression, and anxiety. These patients committed to study from a group of 515 patients with chronic noncancer pain of different origins who were stable on their levels of pain, anxiety, and depression for 12 consecutive months before start of study and could not afford noninsured treatment modalities like physiotherapy, psychology, nutrition, or exercise therapy consultation. Methods. Patients were encouraged to visit two Internet sites (a blog and Twitter postings for educational postings written by the author about exercise, nutrition, mindfulness meditation, disease management methods, evidence-based supplements, daily relaxation exercises, and overall self-management methods 15 minutes per day for six months. Patients were also encouraged to share their ideas and comments on a blog. Activity logs were kept by patients and reviewed by physician at follow-up visits. Compliance was encouraged via weekly email reminders and phone calls during the observation period. Results. Modest improvements were noted in pain, anxiety, depression, and quality of life. Of the patients with moderate or severe pain before treatment, 45% reported mild levels of pain

  11. Photoreceptors: unconventional ways of seeing

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz, Naryttza N.; Sprecher, Simon G.

    2011-01-01

    Animals perceive light typically by photoreceptor neurons assembled in eyes, but some also use non-eye photosensory neurons. Multidendritic neurons in the body wall of Drosophila larvae have now been shown to use an unconventional phototransduction mechanism to sense light.

  12. Ways of Light Industry Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Jintao

    2009-01-01

    @@ "The planning of the right industry restructuring and revitalization" was officially released on May 18th this year. This planning mainly includes food, cereals, oil, batteries, leather, paper, fermentation, brewing, sugar refining and home electrical appliances. As a response to a comprehensive action plan, the planning period is from 2009 to 2011.

  13. Characterization of three-way automotive catalysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kenik, E.A.; More, K.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); LaBarge, W. [Delphi Automotive Systems, Flint, MI (United States)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    The CRADA between Delphi Automotive Systems (Delphi; formerly General Motors - AC Delco, Systems) and Lockheed Martin Energy Research (LMER) on automotive catalysts was completed at the end of FY96, after a ten month, no-cost extension. The CRADA was aimed at improved performance and lifetime of noble metal based three-way-catalysts (TWC), which are the primary catalytic system for automotive emission control systems. While these TWC can meet the currently required emission standards, higher than optimum noble metal loadings are often required to meet lifetime requirements. In addition, more stringent emission standards will be imposed in the near future, demanding improved performance and service life from these catalysts. Understanding the changes of TWC conversion efficiency with ageing is a critical need in improving these catalysts. Initially in a fresh catalyst, the active material is often distributed on a very fine scale, approaching single atoms or small atomic clusters. As such, a wide range of analytical techniques have been employed to provide high spatial resolution characterization of the evolving state of the catalytic material.

  14. WAYS HIERARCHY OF ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ŞERBAN CLAUDIU VALENTIN

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on one hand on the premise that the estimate is an approximate evaluation, completed with the fact that the term estimate is increasingly common and used by a variety of both theoretical and practical areas, particularly in situations where we can not decide ourselves with certainty, it must be said that, in fact, we are dealing with estimates and in our case with an accounting estimate. Completing on the other hand the idea above with the phrase "estimated value", which implies that we are dealing with a value obtained from an evaluation process, but its size is not exact but approximated, meaning is close to the actual size, it becomes obvious the neccessity to delimit the hierarchical relationship between evaluation / estimate while considering the context in which the evaluation activity is derulated at entity level.

  15. Rotation curve of the Milky Way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Y.S.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available We use SEGUE and Hipparcos data to restrict the behaviour of the rotation curve of the Milky Way in the solar neighbourhood. Then we construct a density model of the Milky Way which best reproduces the available observations of the rotation curve and is consistent with the density constraints in the solar neighbourhood.

  16. Globalization and Life History Research: Fragments of a Life Foretold

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tierney, William G.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to understand, by way of a life history of one low-income working-class youth, how globalization impacts the working class in a developing nation. The concept of globalization and the method of life history seem diametrically opposed. Globalization is an idea about large social forces that impact the economic and material…

  17. Globalization and Life History Research: Fragments of a Life Foretold

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tierney, William G.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to understand, by way of a life history of one low-income working-class youth, how globalization impacts the working class in a developing nation. The concept of globalization and the method of life history seem diametrically opposed. Globalization is an idea about large social forces that impact the economic and material…

  18. Ways of art appropriation by the advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Fernandes Esteves

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Based on the different ways of appropriation of the artistic visualrepresentations by the advertising communication, proposed by Lucia Santaella (2005 – imitation of the ways of composing and incorporation of the artistic image – this article presents, as of the examination of advertisements broadcast in different countries, seven new categories outlined on the basis of partial or total use of the appropriated image and the interference performed in them.

  19. Impact of new online ways of advertising

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boitor, B.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available New ways of advertising are having a significant impact on the mix of marketing not only for big companies, but also for non-profit companies and for public persons and politicians. The new term netvertising has appeared and it’s having a significant impact on the marketing strategy of different companies. If the traditional media is still used to transmit the message of a company, the internet and the new ways of advertising are used more and more to promote the image of a company, to promote the products or services not only to the young segment of consumers, but also to the segment of companies and others.

  20. A Glimpse of the Young Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-10-01

    Uppsala (Sweden) and at the Munich University Observatory (Germany) were able to determine the chemical composition of the star. The implications HE 0107-5240 turns out to be the most metal-poor star known to date . " This is, in a way, the closest we have ever come to the conditions directly after the Big Bang by studying stars ", says Norbert Christlieb . " But obviously, a lot must have happened between the Big Bang and the formation of this star. In spite of its extreme metal-poorness, it evidently contains some metals, and they were most probably formed in a even earlier, massive star that exploded as a supernova ". Bengt Gustafsson from the University of Uppsala, who lead the chemical analysis jointly with Christlieb, adds that " this star also has an abnormally large content of carbon and nitrogen. Those elements may possibly have been formed by nuclear reactions with helium and hydrogen deep inside the star and subsequently transported upwards to the stellar surface where they can now be observed. It is also possible that a neigbouring star at the end of its life 'polluted' our star by transferring some of its enriched material to HE 0107-5240 at that moment. The ongoing observations with UVES will help us to decide which scenario is the most probable ." Renewed hope to find first-generation stars The mass of HE 0107-5240 is about 80% of that of the Sun. This discovery thus clearly demonstrates that stars with masses slightly less than the Sun can form from very metal-poor gas. This is unexpected, as most current theoretical calculations indicate that it is very difficult to form low-mass stars shortly after the Big Bang, because metals are needed to efficiently cool gas clouds as they contract into stars. But now HE 0107-5240 reveals that Nature has found a way to achieve the necessary cooling. It therefore appears that many of the model calculations must be refined. Equally important: if a star like HE 0107-5240 , with about 0.8 solar mass and 1/200,000 of the

  1. Material and Cultural Restriction of Political Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国祥

    2015-01-01

    Material and culture have a certain influence on the political life. In general, the higher level of economic development of the country, people's political life is more democratic. Culture has some negative effect on the political life. China's traditional cul-ture has restricted the people's political life in some ways.

  2. New Ways of Working – Pharmacy and Medicines Management

    OpenAIRE

    Branford, David

    2009-01-01

    Medicines play a key role in the treatment of most mental illnesses. The management of those medicines is of great importance to most mental health service users and also impacts on the daily professional life of many of those involved in caring, be they psychiatrists, nurses, pharmacists or others.\\ud The New Ways of Working (NWW) project began with a study of the potential to devolve many of the aspects of the dispensing of medicines within pharmacy departments from pharmacists to pharmacy ...

  3. Social Quality: A Way to Measure the Quality of Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Pamela; Wallace, Claire

    2012-08-01

    In this paper we suggest a way to measure the well-being of society based upon our own development of the Social Quality model. The Social Quality model has the advantage of being sociologically grounded as a measure of the well-being of society and the individuals within it. We test our model of Social Quality against life satisfaction as an indicator of how successful it is in delivering these aspirations. The model was tested on all European countries using the European Quality of Life Surveys in 2003 and 2007 and was found to explain a large amount of variance, which was consistent across time and space. We suggest that it is possible to operationalise this model using small number of variables, ones that are frequently used in comparative surveys and this should enable the quality of society to be measured in a parsimonious and effective way.

  4. 喉结核患者生活方式影响其发病的多因素分析%Multiplicity of life ways of patients with laryngeal tuberculosis influencing its onset

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭丽霞; 梁国添; 黎燕琼; 陈绮美; 罗萍; 温文沛

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the life ways of patients with laryngeal tuberculosis influencing its onset through investigation.Methods 50 patients with laryngeal tuberculosis and 50 healthy check-up persons were recruited from Guangzhou Chest Hospital from January,2013 to December,2014.Interview was carried out with a unified investigation questionnaire.Variables of statistical significance screened from 17 variables by univariate conditional Logistic regression analysis were further subjected to multivariate conditional Logistic regression analysis.Results The univariate analysis found that 9 variables associated with the pathogenesis of laryngeal tuberculosis,including gender,place of residence,education level,occupation,income,sleep,diet,smoking,and contact history of TB.The 9 variables above were introduced into the model by multivariate analysis,and 6 variables of statistical significance screened,including gender;place of residence,education level,occupation,work pressure,contact history of TB(P<0.05).Conclusions Male,living in urban district,low education level,low income,inadequate sleep,smoking,etc.and risk of lung tuberculosis infection are the risk factors affecting laryngeal tuberculosis.%目的 通过调查探索喉结核病人的生活方式在其发病中的影响关系.方法 选择2013年1月至2014年12月2年间于广州市胸科医院就医的喉结核病患者和健康体检者各50例,制定调查表进行统一调查,对17个变量进行单因素条件Logistic回归分析,筛选出有统计学意义的变量再采用多因素条件Logistic回归分析.结果 单因素分析发现9个变量与喉结核的发病有关,分别是:性别、居住地、文化程度、职业、收入、睡眠时间、饮食习惯、吸烟、接触TB史;经多因素分析最终筛选出6个与喉结核发病有关的影响因素,分别是:性别、居住地、文化程度、职业、工作压力、接触TB史(P<0.05).结论 男性、居住在城市、文化程度低、

  5. Three ways of assembling a house

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beim, Anne; Nielsen, Jesper; Vibæk, Kasper Sánchez

    2010-01-01

    The Scandinavian construction industry is characterised by high quality craftsmanship, but also by an array of highly industrialised, but not always coordinated building systems. This book aims to shed some light on these systems and their underlying concepts. By looking at both the systems...... themselves, the way they are produced and the business models behind them, the systems and concepts are assessed in their broader organisational context and not just as physical manifestations of their design intentions. Acknowledging that there is more than one possible way of enhancing the application...... of industrialised solutions in building and architecture, the present work introduces a framework of several different strategies for industrialisation and assesses their viabilities....

  6. A comparison of one-way video and two-way video educational videoteleconferencing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrix, Craig L.

    1995-05-01

    The literature reviewed in this study supported the effectiveness of educational videoteleconferencing; however, relatively little research was found comparing the two most interactive types of educational videoteleconferencing systems. An experimental research project was conducted, attempting to determine which educational videoteleconferencing system is more effective. Specifically, this project was designed to answer the following question: Is live two-way video with two-way audio more effective than live one-way video with two-way audio educational videoteleconferencing (EVC)?

  7. A Cryptological Way of Teaching Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero-Gil, Pino; Bruno-Castaneda, Carlos

    2007-01-01

    This work addresses the subject of mathematics education at secondary schools from a current and stimulating point of view intimately related to computational science. Cryptology is a captivating way of introducing into the classroom different mathematical subjects such as functions, matrices, modular arithmetic, combinatorics, equations,…

  8. New ways of organizing innovation work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grex, Sara; Møller, Niels

    2006-01-01

    of organizing innovative activities in project-based settings. We propose the Contextual Design method as a way of both studying innovation work processes and an approach to redesign the innovation work organization. We find that the method can contribute to a better understanding of the innovation work...

  9. The Politics of the `Third Way'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Green-Pedersen, Christoffer; Kersbergen, van Kees

    2002-01-01

    The development of European Social Democracy has once more attracted significant scholarly attention. This time, the debate is centred around the `third way' as the catchphrase for the transformation of European Social Democracy. Based on the experience of the Danish and Dutch Social Democrats, two

  10. New ways of working and work engagement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baudewijns, C.; Gerards, R.; de Grip, A.

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates whether New Ways of Working (NWW) are related to employee work engagement in the Netherlands. We test our hypotheses using a sample of 656 employees from 14 industry sectors and 12 occupational fields. Our study reveals that three facets of NWW positively affect work

  11. The Social Life of Dreams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heijnen, Adriënne

    The Social Life of Dreams: Thousand Years of Negotiated Meanings in Iceland is the first anthropological work that discusses how dreams, remembered upon awakening, motivate human action and influence social relations in contemporary Europe. Through detailed anthropological analyses of the ways...... in which many Icelanders see dreams as legitimate sources of knowledge, this book argues that sleeping and dreaming -- activities which are often considered to be psychological and “non-social”-- should be included in the analysis of social life....

  12. The Social Life of Dreams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heijnen, Adriënne

    The Social Life of Dreams: Thousand Years of Negotiated Meanings in Iceland is the first anthropological work that discusses how dreams, remembered upon awakening, motivate human action and influence social relations in contemporary Europe. Through detailed anthropological analyses of the ways in...... in which many Icelanders see dreams as legitimate sources of knowledge, this book argues that sleeping and dreaming -- activities which are often considered to be psychological and “non-social”-- should be included in the analysis of social life....

  13. Women scientists' scientific and spiritual ways of knowing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buffington, Angela Cunningham

    While science education aims for literacy regarding scientific knowledge and the work of scientists, the separation of scientific knowing from other knowing may misrepresent the knowing of scientists. The majority of science educators K-university are women. Many of these women are spiritual and integrate their scientific and spiritual ways of knowing. Understanding spiritual women of science would inform science education and serve to advance the scientific reason and spirituality debate. Using interviews and grounded theory, this study explores scientific and spiritual ways of knowing in six women of science who hold strong spiritual commitments and portray science to non-scientists. From various lived experiences, each woman comes to know through a Passive knowing of exposure and attendance, an Engaged knowing of choice, commitment and action, an Mindful/Inner knowing of prayer and meaning, a Relational knowing with others, and an Integrated lifeworld knowing where scientific knowing, spiritual knowing, and other ways of knowing are integrated. Consequences of separating ways of knowing are discussed, as are connections to current research, implications to science education, and ideas for future research. Understanding women scientists' scientific/ spiritual ways of knowing may aid science educators in linking academic science to the life-worlds of students.

  14. Collusion in Public Procurement: ways of analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Svetlana Pivovarova

    2009-01-01

    The paper presents a brief overview of theoretical and empirical literature on collusion in public procurement. We discuss the main economic models of collusion, the impact of market factors on the appearance and sustainability of collusion, and the ways of hindering collusion in the public procurement through different stages of the procurement cycle. We also describe the main empirical and econometric models of detecting and classifying collusion in the public procurement.

  15. Organisational learning by way of organisational development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elkjær, Bente

    project contributes toorganisational learning. The point of departure is a municipality in Denmark workingtoward digitalising its administration. The conclusion is that the success of such aprocess very much depends on an organisation's ability to encompass severalunderstandings of organisational......In the paper, the idea is explored of organisational learning as the opening andclosure of organisational space for inquiry or reflective thinking, as a way toconstruct organisational learning as an object for research. This is done by asking thequestion of whether an organisational development...

  16. Kolff's credo: new ways of thinking!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teschan, P E

    1998-11-01

    Dr. Willem J. Kolff's imaginative venturesomeness in adopting "new ways of thinking" has served as an encouraging model for this author's research career. In appreciation of his leadership and beginning with the favorable results that attended the initial use of the Brigham-Kolff artificial kidney at a renal center in the Korean war, this presentation summarizes four experiences to illustrate how "new ways of thinking" produced new results and new research, namely, the concept and use of prophylactic daily hemodialysis; the use of a model of acute renal failure in rats to examine mechanisms of pathogenesis and means of prevention; the recognition of patients' uremic illness as an encephalopathy that can be quantified by appropriate measures; and the use of daily peritoneal dialysis and quantified EEGs in rats to explore relationships between dialysis-induced concentrations of potentially toxic solutes, quantified indices of symptomatic uremic encephalopathy, and concurrent, localized metabolic abnormalities in the brain. The results of these "new ways of thinking" suggest that we may ultimately come to understand the clinical uremic illness and its response to dialysis.

  17. Videoing and ways of seeing management practices

    OpenAIRE

    Mason, Katy

    2015-01-01

    This paper uses social practice theory to explore the potential of video to generate new ‘ways of seeing’ organising and management practices. The ontological assumptions of social practice theory are invoked to suggest how organisational researchers should practice the videoing, analysing and representing of videography-based research. Examples are drawn from visual anthropology, film theory and film studies to show how inserting the camera into ordinary everyday research practices is likely...

  18. DESIGN AND TYPOGRAPHY: WAYS OF MAKING, WAYS OF THINKING ABOUT THE CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luis Berri

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to share the results of two academic researches held along the years of 2013 and 2014 with financial support from Universidade da Região de Joinville – Univille. In both studies the meanings ascribed to the downtown area of Joinville (a town with a population of 500 thousand, located in the northeast of Santa Catarina state and considered the third largest city of southern Brazil were analyzed, in particular the practices of design and typography from the past and present. In regard to this, a literature review was undertaken giving emphasis on studies about city, design, history and cultural heritage. Furthermore, an engagement with the routine of Rua do Príncipe – one of the oldest streets in the downtown area – was taken earnestly resulting in records organized in the form of a notebook containing standardized interviews and photographies. Likewise, an observation form of the street allowed the investigation of its everyday life, in special case, the interaction between people and 26 properties of cultural heritage importance. Thus, it was possible to realize that the typography hardly ever correspond to the historic elements from buildings considered  cultural heritage of Joinville, being limited almost exclusively to comercial ads from the street. This way, it was possible to understand that Rua do Príncipe is a space where there are hybrid design and typographic scenarios, as well as different languages and conflicting signs. Just as many other contemporary cities, it is believed that such atmosphere is produced through the dialogue with different forms of living and, because of it, considering design and typography is an importante purpose of this work.

  19. A simpler way of imposing simplicity constraints

    CERN Document Server

    Banburski, Andrzej

    2015-01-01

    We investigate a way of imposing simplicity constraints in a holomorphic Spin Foam model that we recently introduced. Rather than imposing the constraints on the boundary spin network, as is usually done, one can impose the constraints directly on the Spin Foam propagator. We find that the two approaches have the same leading asymptotic behaviour, with differences appearing at higher order. This allows us to obtain a model that greatly simplifies calculations, but still has Regge Calculus as its semi-classical limit.

  20. Characterizations of 1-Way Quantum Finite Automata

    CERN Document Server

    Brodsky, A; Brodsky, Alex; Pippenger, Nicholas

    1999-01-01

    The 2-way quantum finite automaton introduced by Kondacs and Watrous can accept non-regular languages with bounded error in polynomial time. If we restrict the head of the automaton to moving classically and to moving only in one direction, the acceptance power of this 1-way quantum finite automaton is reduced to a proper subset of the regular languages. In this paper we study two different models of 1-way quantum finite automata. The first model, termed measure-once quantum finite automata, was introduced by Moore and Crutchfield, and the second model, termed measure-many quantum finite automata, was introduced by Kondacs and Watrous. We characterize the measure-once model when it is restricted to accepting with bounded error and show that, without that restriction, it can solve the word problem over the free group. We also show that it can be simulated by a probabilistic finite automaton and describe an algorithm that determines if two measure-once automata are equivalent. We prove several closure propertie...

  1. Toward a psychoanalytic way of teaching psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Jonathan

    2013-12-01

    The author's orientation to psychoanalytic education blends its subjective and objective ways of knowing, its cognitive and experiential aspects. Lear's (2003) definition of psychoanalysis as a subjective category contextualizes psychoanalytic teaching as a lived-out demonstration of its conceptual learning and generates a confident humility in how teachers express theoretical content. The author emphasizes teachers' gut-level psychological impacts on candidates, and the value of teachers conveying psychoanalytic knowledge as an internalized expression of their personal experience and meaning (identification), while simultaneously maintaining an objective perspective. A literature review of psychoanalytic education and discussion of Stanislavski's (1936, 1949) dramatic acting "Method" clarifies the author's pedagogy.

  2. The many ways of making anionic clays

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Michael Rajamathi; Grace S Thomas; P Vishnu Kamath

    2001-10-01

    Together with hydrotalcite-like layered double hydroxides, bivalent and trivalent metal hydroxides and their hydroxy salts are actually anionic clays consisting of positively charged hydroxide layers with anions intercalated in the interlayer region. The anionic clays exhibit anion sorption, anion diffusion and exchange properties together with surface basicity making them materials of importance for many modern applications. In this article, we discuss many different ways of making anionic clays and compare and contrast the rich diversity of this class of materials with the better-known cationic clays.

  3. The Ways of Fostering Student's Autonomous Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖湲

    2016-01-01

    With the development of science and technology, knowledge is being replaced faster and faster. The students nowadays must be cultivated into lifelong learners to adjust themselves to the times of knowledge explosion. This study is to arouse students to be aware of the importance of autonomy in English learning and to enable them to have assistive attitude toward English learning. After gaining the knowledge of autonomy, this thesis give the whole society, including schools, parents, and students themselves some ways to foster and develop their autonomous learning.

  4. The Origin of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodson, D.

    1975-01-01

    Presents an outline of lectures given on this topic to British secondary students. Man's various ideas about the origin of life are included in three categories: those that consider life to have been created by a Divine Being; those that consider life to have developed from non-living matter; and those that consider life to be eternal. (MLH)

  5. The Long Way of Knowledge Society

    OpenAIRE

    Dumitru OPREA

    2007-01-01

    I think, therefore I am. Our ancestors said Cogito, ergo sum, in a Latin form of Rene Descartes' expression "Je pense, donc je suis", in Discourse on Method (1637). The same did Thomas Davenport, when gave his book the title Thinking for a living. Probably he didn't prefer the direct form in English of the above mentioned expression: "I think, therefore I am", but one that in essence is more poetical and more anchored in the reality of the third millennium's early days, in the way that only t...

  6. A model of habitability within the Milky Way galaxy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gowanlock, M G; Patton, D R; McConnell, S M

    2011-11-01

    We present a model of the galactic habitable zone (GHZ), described in terms of the spatial and temporal dimensions of the Galaxy that may favor the development of complex life. The Milky Way galaxy was modeled using a computational approach by populating stars and their planetary systems on an individual basis by employing Monte Carlo methods. We began with well-established properties of the disk of the Milky Way, such as the stellar number density distribution, the initial mass function, the star formation history, and the metallicity gradient as a function of radial position and time. We varied some of these properties and created four models to test the sensitivity of our assumptions. To assess habitability on the galactic scale, we modeled supernova rates, planet formation, and the time required for complex life to evolve. Our study has improved on other literature on the GHZ by populating stars on an individual basis and modeling Type II supernova (SNII) and Type Ia supernova (SNIa) sterilizations by selecting their progenitors from within this preexisting stellar population. Furthermore, we considered habitability on tidally locked and non-tidally locked planets separately and studied habitability as a function of height above and below the galactic midplane. In the model that most accurately reproduces the properties of the Galaxy, the results indicate that an individual SNIa is ∼5.6× more lethal than an individual SNII on average. In addition, we predict that ∼1.2% of all stars host a planet that may have been capable of supporting complex life at some point in the history of the Galaxy. Of those stars with a habitable planet, ∼75% of planets are predicted to be in a tidally locked configuration with their host star. The majority of these planets that may support complex life are found toward the inner Galaxy, distributed within, and significantly above and below, the galactic midplane.

  7. Satellite Galaxies of the Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-08-01

    This beautiful 13 x 13 image (click for the full view!) holds more than meets the eye. Look closely at the small concentration of blue stars just to the left of center. This is Eridanus II, one of nine new ultra-faint galaxies discovered just last year aroundthe Milky Way. Detected as part of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) and presented in a study led by Sergey E. Koposov (Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge), these new galaxies add to a growing list of very dim satellites that orbit within the Milky Ways potential. Since their discovery, these DES satellites have been used to answer a number of astronomical questions. In particular, the large dark-matter fraction of these ultra-faint galaxies makes them excellent laboratories for testing models of dark matter in the universe. Check back with us on Wednesday to learn more about what Eridanus II has revealed about dark matter! And for more information on the nine DES-discovered ultra-faint satellites, check out the paper below.CitationSergey E. Koposov et al 2015 ApJ 805 130. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/805/2/130

  8. Narratives Across Media as Ways of Knowing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather Elliott

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Interest is growing in forms of narrative that go beyond written and spoken verbal signs, in how such varying media expand the range and types of knowledge signified in narratives, and how narrative analysts can work across media. Alongside the more conventional concentration on interview and textual narratives (ROSE, 2012, the articles in the thematic section draw on social media, film and policy narratives as well as still images and the processes involved in creating and documenting them. In the course of this wide address, the authors investigate what is distinctive about these "ways of knowing" and why it is useful to pay attention to the variable media of narratives. The authors suggest that addressing a wider range of narrative media can provide new, cross-media ways of understanding self-narratives that expand the usual verbal, temporal framings of such personal stories, for narrators, their audiences, and researchers. Historical and other contextual differences distinguish narratives, as much as do their specific media. The authors also consider how narratives bring together the global and the local. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1701179

  9. The Long Way of Knowledge Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available I think, therefore I am. Our ancestors said Cogito, ergo sum, in a Latin form of Rene Descartes' expression "Je pense, donc je suis", in Discourse on Method (1637. The same did Thomas Davenport, when gave his book the title Thinking for a living. Probably he didn't prefer the direct form in English of the above mentioned expression: "I think, therefore I am", but one that in essence is more poetical and more anchored in the reality of the third millennium's early days, in the way that only thinking we can exist. The title is also a commercial one, because the previous ten books also basically referred to knowing or knowledge. They used the research done in the following fields: knowledge management, process management and innovation. The opening of his last book, a best seller of 2005, is also interesting. The author gives the first chapter the title 'What's a Knowledge Worker, Anyway?". We could draw the conclusion that after so much effort, including a publishing one, the author remains with the doubt on the terminology so much used at the end of the 2nd millennium and the beginning of the 3rd one or leaves an open way to the next volumes. It is not by chance that there are voices that say he might be the next Peter Drucker. The last one said that the future society would be the knowledge society (see also Managing in the Next Society, 2002.

  10. The Dark Disk of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Purcell, Chris W; Kaplinghat, Manoj

    2009-01-01

    Massive satellite accretions onto early galactic disks can lead to the deposition of dark matter in disk-like configurations that co-rotate with the galaxy. This phenomenon has potentially dramatic consequences for dark matter detection experiments. We utilize focused, high-resolution simulations of accretion events onto disks designed to be Galaxy analogues, and compare the resultant disks to the morphological and kinematic properties of the Milky Way's thick disk in order to bracket the range of co-rotating accreted dark matter. We find that the Milky Way's merger history must have been unusually quiescent compared to median LCDM expectations and therefore its dark disk must be relatively small: the fraction of accreted dark disk material near the Sun is about 20% of the host halo density or smaller and the co-rotating dark matter fraction near the Sun, defined as particles moving with a rotational velocity lag less than 50 km/s, is enhanced by about 30% or less compared to a standard halo model. Such a dar...

  11. The Skeleton of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Zucker, Catherine; Goodman, Alyssa

    2015-01-01

    Recently, Goodman et al. (2014) argued that the very long, very thin infrared dark cloud "Nessie" lies directly in the Galactic mid-plane and runs along the Scutum-Centaurus arm in position-position-velocity ($p-p-v$) space as traced by lower density $\\rm {CO}$ and higher density ${\\rm NH}_3$ gas. Nessie was presented as the first "bone" of the Milky Way, an extraordinarily long, thin, high-contrast filament that can be used to map our Galaxy's "skeleton." Here, we present evidence for additional bones in the Milky Way Galaxy, arguing that Nessie is not a curiosity but one of several filaments that could potentially trace Galactic structure. Our ten bone candidates are all long, filamentary, mid-infrared extinction features which lie parallel to, and no more than 20 pc from, the physical Galactic mid-plane. We use $\\rm {CO}$, ${\\rm N}_2{\\rm H}^+$, $\\rm {HCO}^+$, and ${\\rm NH}_3$ radial velocity data to establish the three-dimensional location of the candidates in ${\\it p-p-v}$ space. Of the ten candidates, si...

  12. The origin of the Milky Way globular clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Renaud, Florent; Gieles, Mark

    2016-01-01

    We present a cosmological zoom-in simulation of a Milky Way-like galaxy used to explore the formation and evolution of star clusters. We investigate in particular the origin of the bimodality observed in the colour and metallicity of globular clusters, and the environmental evolution through cosmic times in the form of tidal tensors. Our results self-consistently confirm previous findings that the blue, metal-poor clusters form in satellite galaxies which are accreted onto the Milky Way, while the red, metal-rich clusters form mostly in situ or, to a lower extent in massive, self-enriched galaxies merging with the Milky Way. By monitoring the tidal fields these populations experience, we find that clusters formed in situ (generally centrally concentrated) feel significantly stronger tides than the accreted ones, both in the present-day, and when averaged over their entire life. Furthermore, we note that the tidal field experienced by Milky Way clusters is significantly weaker in the past than at present-day, ...

  13. An Efficient Way of Fabric Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG Yue-qi; WANG Shan-yuan

    2002-01-01

    A partide system model is presented for the simulation of fabric draping. The interaction of each partide is based on a refined mass-spring structure. Regarded the fabric material as an orthotropic continuum, the refinement of our model is focused on the construction of mechanical responses of bending and shearing springs by means of a piecewise polynomial approximation of KES-F testing data. In this way, the draping figure of a silk fabric, a wool fabric and a polyester fabric are simulated. The static final shape and animation of simulation proves that our model has developed an efficient technique on real fabric- drape modeling, and the little computation time of the simulation execution on a PC with Celeron 450 CPU may meet the requirement of real-time simulation.

  14. Coming of age in the milky way

    CERN Document Server

    Ferris, Timothy

    1988-01-01

    Timothy Ferris's works include Seeing in the Dark, The Mind's Sky (both New York Times best books of the year), and The Whole Shebang (listed by American Scientist as one of the one hundred most influential books of the twentieth century). A fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Ferris has taught in five disciplines at four universities. He is an emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley and a former editor of Rolling Stone. His articles and essays have appeared in The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Vanity Fair, National Geographic, Scientific American, The Nation, The New Republic, The New York Review of Books, The New York Times Book Review, and many other publications. A contributor to CNN and National Public Radio, Ferris has made three prime-time PBS television specials: The Creation of the Universe, Life Beyond Earth, and Seeing in the Dark. He lives in San Francisco.

  15. Multiple origins of life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raup, D. M.; Valentine, J. W.

    1983-01-01

    There is some indication that life may have originated readily under primitive earth conditions. If there were multiple origins of life, the result could have been a polyphyletic biota today. Using simple stochastic models for diversification and extinction, we conclude: (1) the probability of survival of life is low unless there are multiple origins, and (2) given survival of life and given as many as 10 independent origins of life, the odds are that all but one would have gone extinct, yielding the monophyletic biota we have now. The fact of the survival of our particular form of life does not imply that it was unique or superior.

  16. The NIFTY way of Bayesian signal inference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Selig, Marco, E-mail: mselig@mpa-Garching.mpg.de [Max Planck Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany, and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1, D-80539 München (Germany)

    2014-12-05

    We introduce NIFTY, 'Numerical Information Field Theory', a software package for the development of Bayesian signal inference algorithms that operate independently from any underlying spatial grid and its resolution. A large number of Bayesian and Maximum Entropy methods for 1D signal reconstruction, 2D imaging, as well as 3D tomography, appear formally similar, but one often finds individualized implementations that are neither flexible nor easily transferable. Signal inference in the framework of NIFTY can be done in an abstract way, such that algorithms, prototyped in 1D, can be applied to real world problems in higher-dimensional settings. NIFTY as a versatile library is applicable and already has been applied in 1D, 2D, 3D and spherical settings. A recent application is the D{sup 3}PO algorithm targeting the non-trivial task of denoising, deconvolving, and decomposing photon observations in high energy astronomy.

  17. Creative ways of knowing in engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Eodice, Michele

    2017-01-01

    This book offers a platform for engineering educators who are interested in implementing a “creative ways of knowing” approach to presenting engineering concepts. The case studies in this book reveal how students learn through creative engagement that includes not only design and build activities, but also creative presentations of learning, such as composing songs, writing poems and short stories, painting and drawing, as well as designing animations and comics. Any engineering educator will find common ground with the authors, who are all experienced engineering and liberal arts professors, who have taken the step to include creative activities and outlets for students learning engineering. • Demonstrates various methods for returning to the basics of engineering education, which include design and creativity, teamwork and interdisciplinary thinking; • Discusses a timely topic, as higher education puts more attention on the student experience of learning in all disciplines; • Includes actual stude...

  18. The two-way feedback and passing-way of human body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Liang; Zhang Kui; Zhang Renxiang

    2008-01-01

    Two-way feedback of human body was published in 1992. The sensation of two-way feedback of body is a spe-cial system of human reaction, which maintains and regulates symmetry and balance of human body. The human two-way feedback reacts to human health. For human overall health and delay decrepitude, it is necessary to pay attention to the stimulations (passive acceptance and initiative interventions) and relevant influences in human body and the stimu-lative effect. In this paper, the experimental research of stimulation and an example of two-way feedback in human body are given. And lay a foundation of prevention, medical treatment and hygiene of human overall health.

  19. 弹射救生装置双向传爆机构关键技术研究%Research on Key Technology of Design for Two-way Explosive Mechanism of Ejection Life-Support Set

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段祥军; 侯世峰; 吴国建

    2015-01-01

    The technology analysis was made for strength test of two-way explosive mechanism of aircraft seat, air tightness test, ignition test and the key combination tool design and use. The process scheme design, test method, making fixture and the matters needing attention were explored. These have certain instructional significance and application to production and manufacture for the product.%对飞机座椅某型双向传爆机构强度试验、气密功能试验、试打火试验及关键组装组合工具设计使用等主要因素进行了工艺分析;对加工制造过程工艺设计、试验方法、夹具制作及注意事项进行深入探索,对于该产品生产制造具有较强的指导、应用意义。

  20. The Skeleton of the Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zucker, Catherine; Battersby, Cara; Goodman, Alyssa

    2015-12-01

    Recently, Goodman et al. argued that the very long, very thin infrared dark cloud “Nessie” lies directly in the Galactic midplane and runs along the Scutum-Centaurus Arm in position-position-velocity (p-p-v) space as traced by lower-density {{CO}} and higher-density {{NH}}3 gas. Nessie was presented as the first “bone” of the Milky Way, an extraordinarily long, thin, high-contrast filament that can be used to map our Galaxy’s “skeleton.” Here we present evidence for additional bones in the Milky Way, arguing that Nessie is not a curiosity but one of several filaments that could potentially trace Galactic structure. Our 10 bone candidates are all long, filamentary, mid-infrared extinction features that lie parallel to, and no more than 20 pc from, the physical Galactic mid-plane. We use {{CO}}, {{{N}}}2{{{H}}}+, {{{HCO}}}+, and {{NH}}3 radial velocity data to establish the three-dimensional location of the candidates in p-p-v space. Of the 10 candidates, 6 also have a projected aspect ratio of ≥50:1 run along, or extremely close to, the Scutum-Centaurus Arm in p-p-v space; and exhibit no abrupt shifts in velocity. The evidence presented here suggests that these candidates mark the locations of significant spiral features, with the bone called filament 5 (“BC_18.88-0.09”) being a close analog to Nessie in the northern sky. As molecular spectral-line and extinction maps cover more of the sky at increasing resolution and sensitivity, it should be possible to find more bones in future studies.

  1. DIGITAL SIGNATURE IN THE WAY OF LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruya Samlı

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Signature can be defined as a person’s name or special signs that he/she writes when he/she wants to indicate he/she wrote or confirm that writing. A person signs many times in his/her life. A person’s signature that is used for thousands of times for many things from formal documents to exams has importance for that person. Especially, signing in legal operations is an operation that can build important results. If a person’s signature is imitated by another person, he/she can become beholden, donate his/her whole wealth, commits offences or do some judicial operations. Today, because many operations can be done with digital environments and internet, signature operation that provides identity validation must also be carried to digital environment. In this paper digital signature concept that is approved for this reason and its situation in international areas and Turkish laws are investigated.

  2. Ways of Thinking, Ways of Seeing Mathematical and other Modelling in Engineering and Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Dillon, Chris

    2012-01-01

    This fascinating book examines some of the characteristics of technological/engineering models that are likely to be unfamiliar to those who are interested primarily in the history and philosophy of science and mathematics, and which differentiate technological models from scientific and mathematical ones. Themes that will be highlighted include: • the role of language: the models developed for engineering design have resulted in new ways of talking about technological systems • communities of practice: related to the previous point, particular engineering communities have particular ways of sharing and developing knowledge • graphical (re)presentation: engineers have developed many ways of reducing quite complex mathematical models to more simple representations • reification: highly abstract mathematical models are turned into ‘objects’ that can be manipulated almost like components of a physical system • machines: not only the currently ubiquitous digital computer, but also older analogue dev...

  3. Urbanization: the pipelines ROW (Right-of-Way) future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ribeiro, Gilberto; Malzone, Vivian de Araujo Oliveira [TRANSPETRO - PETROBRAS Transporte S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The accelerated process of urbanization that is shifting the aspects of Brazilian cities - most clearly in South East and South region states - is inherently involved with decayed levels of quality of life and little or any concern at all with the sustainability of such urban expansion. Besides the social difficulties generated from this non-planned growth - mainly in the cities' outskirts - there are many questions related to urbanization that should be reconsidered such as water, soil and air pollution; lack of water resources; floods, insufficient public transport and traffic problems; urban infra-structure and lodging privations and inadequate soil installment. This paper aims at showing how this disordered urban growth plays an important role on PETROBRAS' pipeline right of way located at the great cities urban areas, more specifically the Urban Right Of Way that cross the metropolitan region of the city of Sao Paulo. Also, it is an objective to express how such urbanization propitiate the execution of basic infra-structure in a way of integrating habitation, sanitation, environment and geotechnical sectors with the purposes of PETROBRAS of maintaining as priority the integrity of the pipelines located on the ROW as well as the integrity of these ROW themselves. (author)

  4. Smart way; Smart way

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    A smart way, in which communication/information processing/control technologies are melted, is to realize a road traffic system which is safe/comfortable. This is planned as a common base supporting a lot of services such as the vehicle traffic information communication system, automatic toll collecting system and operation assisting road system. Vehicles running on the smart way exchange information with roads for increasing safety and relaxing regulation. Further, the way is expected as the social infrastructure of the 21st century which has a lot of possibilities such as acquisition of travel information and video/music information and cashless purchases at shops on the way. (translated by NEDO)

  5. Archaeological Narratives and Other Ways of Telling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pluciennik

    1999-12-01

    With a few exceptions, archaeologists have been far less concerned with the form of their texts or problems of authorship than have ethnographers. Typically, archaeologies are presented in the form of narratives understood as sequential stories. Approaches to narrative analysis drawn from literary theory, philosophy, and sociology and definitions of characters, events, and plots are examined, together with particular problems these may pose for the discipline of archaeology. It is suggested that neither literary analysis nor the tendency to write and evaluate archaeological and historical narratives in terms of explanatory value takes sufficient account of the often hybrid nature and aims of these texts and the contexts in which they were produced. This argument is illustrated with particular reference to stories of the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in Europe. It is argued that reconsidering archaeology's positioning across the 19th-century science-humanities divide suggests a broader approach to the idea of what constitutes a narrative which can offer fresh opportunities for useful reflexivity and experimentation in presentation. Further roles and possibilities of narrative and non-narrative ways of writing archaeologies are also considered.

  6. THE CLASSIC WAY OF FISH PROCESSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đurica Kalember

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Today's population faces great difficulties in fish marketing, although it is very valuable food. The classic supply with fresh fish has little influence on its consumption, which is not remarkable anyhow. Therefore one shulud be reminded on the classic, almost forgotten, ways of fish processing that can substantially increase fish assortment and improve its distribution. After cleaning and cutting the fish (primary procedures in its processing, comes salting, after which the salted fish can become an end-product or it can be one of many semi-products in the fish production chain. The most common methods of fish salting are dry-salting, dry-wet-salting (Greek-Dalmatian and wet-salting (pickling. The aim of fish drying is its dehydratation. Our country has the experience of traditional drying, sun-drying and natural drying of fish. Each of these has its own special qualities, depending on the fish species and the drying temperature. Smoked fish gets a very distinctive and spicy aroma and a specific colour. There are two kinds of smoking - cold and warm - based on the smoke derived from burning some special trees or, lately, from smoke preparations. Marinades are old procedures of fish processing in acetic acid and specific spices which can be prepared cold, fried or cooked. Fish-roe of some specific fish species has a special value and is considered a delicacy. The most precious black caviar is derived from the sturgeon roe and some of its related species.

  7. The bones of the Milky Way

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goodman, Alyssa A.; Beaumont, Christopher N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Alves, João [University of Vienna, 1180 Vienna (Austria); Benjamin, Robert A. [University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, Whitewater, WI 53190 (United States); Borkin, Michelle A. [Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Burkert, Andreas [University of Munich, Munich (Germany); Dame, Thomas M. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Jackson, James [Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Kauffmann, Jens [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Robitaille, Thomas [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg (Germany); Smith, Rowan J. [Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universiät Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)

    2014-12-10

    The very long and thin infrared dark cloud 'Nessie' is even longer than had been previously claimed, and an analysis of its Galactic location suggests that it lies directly in the Milky Way's mid-plane, tracing out a highly elongated bone-like feature within the prominent Scutum-Centaurus spiral arm. Re-analysis of mid-infrared imagery from the Spitzer Space Telescope shows that this infrared dark cloud (IRDC) is at least two and possibly as many as five times longer than had originally been claimed by Nessie's discoverers; its aspect ratio is therefore at least 300:1 and possibly as large as 800:1. A careful accounting for both the Sun's offset from the Galactic plane (∼25 pc) and the Galactic center's offset from the (l{sup II} , b{sup II} ) = (0, 0) position shows that the latitude of the true Galactic mid-plane at the 3.1 kpc distance to the Scutum-Centaurus Arm is not b = 0, but instead closer to b = –0.4, which is the latitude of Nessie to within a few parsecs. An analysis of the radial velocities of low-density (CO) and high-density (NH{sub 3}) gas associated with the Nessie dust feature suggests that Nessie runs along the Scutum-Centaurus Arm in position-position-velocity space, which means it likely forms a dense 'spine' of the arm in real space as well. The Scutum-Centaurus Arm is the closest major spiral arm to the Sun toward the inner Galaxy, and, at the longitude of Nessie, it is almost perpendicular to our line of sight, making Nessie the easiest feature to see as a shadow elongated along the Galactic plane from our location. Future high-resolution dust mapping and molecular line observations of the harder-to-find Galactic 'bones' should allow us to exploit the Sun's position above the plane to gain a (very foreshortened) view 'from above' the Milky Way's structure.

  8. Neuroethics: A New Way of Doing Ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Neil

    2011-03-31

    The aim of this article is to argue, by example, for neuroethics as a new way of doing ethics. Rather than simply giving us a new subject matter-the ethical issues arising from neuroscience-to attend to, neuroethics offers us the opportunity to refine the tools we use. Ethicists often need to appeal to the intuitions provoked by consideration of cases to evaluate the permissibility of types of actions; data from the sciences of the mind give us reason to believe that some of these intuitions are less reliable than others. I focus on the doctrine of double effect to illustrate my case, arguing that experimental results suggest that appeal to it might be question-begging. The doctrine of double effect is supposed to show that there is a moral difference between effects that are brought about intentionally and those that are merely foreseen; I argue that the data suggest that we regard some effects as merely foreseen only because we regard bringing them about as permissible. Appeal to the doctrine of double effect therefore cannot establish that there are such moral differences.

  9. WAYS OF OBTAINING FINANCING BY TOUR OPERATORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLAN ADRIANA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available domanin.Romania is a country with highly touristic potential that is not exploited to maximum. In order to reach a high quality level of tourism permanent development and modernization are needed and also the establishment of new businesses That conducts other activities other than those which takes place in our country. Ways of getting funds are multiple, depending on individual needs.To develop tourism activities it is necessary to require some funding that can come from various sources: auto-financing, loans from various banks or from third parties and grants offered by the European Union. There are many programs designed to support the development of tourism, such as ROP that allows people to access grants in order to implement projects for the establishment and the development of the activity in the touristic field. The purpose of this article is to highlight funding opportunities for the tourism operators and to assist them in choosing the appropriate form of financing of the current activity or the activity they want to implement in the future and description of how to obtain the necessary funds from various sources.

  10. End of Life Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Planning for the end of life can be difficult. But by deciding what end-of-life care best suits your needs when you are healthy, you can ... right choices when the time comes. End-of-life planning usually includes making choices about the following: ...

  11. Matters of Life and Longing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Anne Line

    of the ways that phenomenology can be used as a tool of critical social analysis. The book focuses on lived experience and subjective meaning within a life-world dominated by poverty and violence. Through a focus on the basic human need for recognition Dalsgaard describes women’s desire to be valuable...... from simplistic dichotomies of mind/body, history/biography in an effort to grasp human experience in its complexity. “Matters of Life and Longing” is a lucid and accessible work which will be of interest to a wide and varied audience with interest in Latin America, reproductive health, gender studies...

  12. The Bones of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Goodman, Alyssa A; Beaumont, Christopher N; Benjamin, Robert A; Borkin, Michelle A; Burkert, Andreas; Dame, Thomas M; Jackson, James; Kauffmann, Jens; Robitaille, Thomas; Smith, Rowan J

    2014-01-01

    The very long and thin infrared dark cloud "Nessie" is even longer than had been previously claimed, and an analysis of its Galactic location suggests that it lies directly in the Milky Way's mid-plane, tracing out a highly elongated bone-like feature within the prominent Scutum-Centaurus spiral arm. Re-analysis of mid-infrared imagery from the Spitzer Space Telescope shows that this IRDC is at least 2, and possibly as many as 5 times longer than had originally been claimed by Nessie's discoverers (Jackson et al. 2010); its aspect ratio is therefore at least 300:1, and possibly as large as 800:1. A careful accounting for both the Sun's offset from the Galactic plane ($\\sim 25$ pc) and the Galactic center's offset from the $(l^{II},b^{II})=(0,0)$ position shows that the latitude of the true Galactic mid-plane at the 3.1 kpc distance to the Scutum-Centaurus Arm is not $b=0$, but instead closer to $b=-0.4$, which is the latitude of Nessie to within a few pc. An analysis of the radial velocities of low-density (C...

  13. Integration of immigrants: A two way process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avramov Dragana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper builds on the surveys undertaken under the FEMAGE project in eight countries (the Czech Republic, Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Austria, Poland, Slovenia, and Finland among natives on attitudes about migration and immigrants, interviews in these countries with immigrant women about their migration experiences, and policy deliberations among European stakeholders about policy options for addressing needs for immigrants in ageing societies and needs for their integration in the new home country. In this paper we have chosen to first address five critical questions: · How native and migrant women see each other? · How is need for migration viewed? · How is integration perceived? · What are the perceptions and experiences of discrimination? · Emancipation and perceptions of one's own old age, and life satisfaction Then we identify policy implications of our survey findings. Finally, we discuss policy choices and draw conclusions about needs for tailoring of integration policies based on the reflexive approach and involvement of the key policy stakeholders active in European institutions and multipliers such as international NGOs and media.

  14. [Living, life and quality of life].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrer Santos, Urbano

    2008-01-01

    Human life and quality of life are approached unitarily from their common root in living person, since only the person can claim them as rights and observe them as duties. The passage from the natural inclination to live towards the moral order is fulfilled from the ethical-ontological bridge-concept of human dignity. The absolute character of dignity means that life appears in the ethical realm as a duty prior to a right, both with regard to its care by the subject itself and its respect by others. This right-duty extends from life to the quality of life, since the living person always has a margin between personal living and the vital achievements it is capable of: this margin must be respected and promoted.

  15. Realization on planning thoughts of low carbon ecological city using low carbon life way%以低碳生活方式实现低碳生态城市的规划思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴尚鸿

    2011-01-01

    阐述了"低碳生活"与"低碳生态城市"的概念和两者之间的关系,揭示了低碳循环经济是世界发展的趋势,低碳生态城市是低碳循环经济发展的必然过程,低碳生活是低碳生态城市规划的终极目标,同时指出在城市规划中仅仅是运用"低碳循环经济"的先进技术理论规划出"低碳城市"思路是远远不够的,必须依托于"低碳生活"才能实现低碳生态城市的规划目的。%This paper elaborated the concept and the relationship of "low carbon life" and "low carbon ecological city",revealed the low carbon circulation economy was the trend of world development,low carbon ecological city was the inevitable process of low carbon circulation economy development,low carbon life was the ultimate goal of low carbon ecological city planning.It also pointed out that in city planning just using the advanced technology theory of "low carbon economy" planed the thought of "low carbon city" was far insufficient,must rely on the "low carbon life" in order to achieve low carbon ecological city planning purpose.

  16. Survey and Restoration: New Ways of Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battini, C.; Vecchiattini, R.

    2017-05-01

    The present paper analyses two cases exemplifying a possible use of survey and its elaborations in the field of conservation: the bell tower of the Basilica Santa Maria delle Vigne and the Chiesa di San Matteo, both situated in Genoa. In the first case, the threedimensional survey was used as a basis to build a model for the structural analysis. The need for an accurate database created with the three-dimensional survey allowed the research team to determine and highlight the critical points of the structure as the thickness of vaults and floors, the location of loads and the inclination of the walls. The data collected was used to create an accurate 3D model to be tested with simulations, in order to verify the stability of the bell tower when applying stress and limitations. In the second case, the three-dimensional survey was used as the basis for the collection, management and representation of the data derived from the survey on rising damp. The purpose was to test a dynamic data processing system that could be used as a tool to collect data on site as well as to access data remotely. By using software for three-dimensional representation and a node programming language, it was possible to define a system that offered dynamic viewing and was easy to use, through the use of chromatic scales and level curves, which can be generated starting from tables containing numerical data. Surveying, diagnostics, modelling and representation allow one to experiment with new ways of interaction within the common goal of conservation.

  17. Goals, ways and the roots of our economic crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bob Goudzwaard

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the question if and how far religious points of view and messages of churches involved matter in the analysis of the roots of the present global economic crisis, and even more in the discussion about how to overcome the crisis itself. Economic experts such as Stiglitz point to the presence of factors such as greed, fear and utmost selfish behaviour. It inevitably leads to the ethical, but in fact also the religious question of how far people, especially economic agents, can go in the pursuit of their own economic interests without doing harm to others. Jesus asked his disciples to follow him: with Bonhoeffer, we could call that a Way-orientation. Where and how far can a conflict therefore arise between human goal-orientations, on the one hand, and a biblical Way-orientation, on the other hand? And is it indeed relevant when considering our present economic crisis? This article defends the last position, describing some categories (such as the choice of ultimate meaning, the sacro-sanctity of chosen instruments, and the demonisation of opponents which indicate that the borderline has been passed between responsible and irresponsible goal-orientations. The glorification of greed and the delegation of ultimate power to financial markets indicate that at this moment elements of idolatry (or the obedience to Mammon are at hand. They are also aggravating the present economic crisis. This implies that returning to the choice for decisive normative Way-orientations in economic life is possibly the only true way out of the present economic crisis.

  18. The Analysis of Two-Way Functional Data Using Two-Way Regularized Singular Value Decompositions

    KAUST Repository

    Huang, Jianhua Z.

    2009-12-01

    Two-way functional data consist of a data matrix whose row and column domains are both structured, for example, temporally or spatially, as when the data are time series collected at different locations in space. We extend one-way functional principal component analysis (PCA) to two-way functional data by introducing regularization of both left and right singular vectors in the singular value decomposition (SVD) of the data matrix. We focus on a penalization approach and solve the nontrivial problem of constructing proper two-way penalties from oneway regression penalties. We introduce conditional cross-validated smoothing parameter selection whereby left-singular vectors are cross- validated conditional on right-singular vectors, and vice versa. The concept can be realized as part of an alternating optimization algorithm. In addition to the penalization approach, we briefly consider two-way regularization with basis expansion. The proposed methods are illustrated with one simulated and two real data examples. Supplemental materials available online show that several "natural" approaches to penalized SVDs are flawed and explain why so. © 2009 American Statistical Association.

  19. Reionization histories of Milky Way mass halos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Tony Y.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Abel, Tom [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Alvarez, Marcelo A., E-mail: tonyyli@stanford.edu, E-mail: rwechsler@stanford.edu, E-mail: tabel@stanford.edu, E-mail: malvarez@cita.utoronto.ca [CITA, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H8 (Canada)

    2014-04-20

    We investigate the connection between the reionization era and the present-day universe by examining the mass reionization histories of z = 0 dark matter halos. In a 600{sup 3} Mpc{sup 3} volume, we combine a dark matter N-body simulation with a three-dimensional seminumerical reionization model. This tags each particle with a reionization redshift, so that individual present-day halos can be connected to their reionization histories and environments. We find that the vast majority of present-day halos with masses larger than ∼ few × 10{sup 11} M {sub ☉} reionize earlier than the rest of the universe. We also find significant halo-to-halo diversity in mass reionization histories, and find that in realistic inhomogeneous models, the material within a given halo is not expected to reionize at the same time. In particular, the scatter in reionization times within individual halos is typically larger than the scatter among halos. From our fiducial reionization model, we find that the typical 68% scatter in reionization times within halos is ∼115 Myr for 10{sup 12±0.25} M {sub ☉} halos, decreasing slightly to ∼95 Myr for 10{sup 15±0.25} M {sub ☉} halos. We find a mild correlation between reionization history and environment: halos with shorter reionization histories are typically in more clustered environments, with the strongest trend on a scale of ∼20 Mpc. Material in Milky Way mass halos with short reionization histories is preferentially reionized in relatively large H II regions, implying reionization mostly by sources external to the progenitors of the present-day halo. We investigate the impact on our results of varying the reionization model parameters, which span a range of reionization scenarios with varying timing and morphology.

  20. 微信作为一种生活方式--兼论微生活的理念及其媒介社会导向%WeChat as A Way of Life-On the Concept of WeChat-based Life and Its Media Social Orientation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐魁玉; 王德新

    2016-01-01

    WeChat, as a modern social media tool, not only has its unique technical features, but also for people in the real world has opened up another living space. This living space seems to be virtual, and it is built on the basis of social life, and has profoundly changed the people's psychology and behavior. WeChat-based life is endowed with the freedom of choice, equality of participation, the realization of self value and al⁃truistic spirit of the network of cultural life. The idea of WeChat-based life is self presentation, the principle of which is freedom. In the WeChat-based life of high degree of freedom, to achieve civilization and harmony is inseparable from the guidance of social norms.%微信作为一种当代社交媒介工具,不但具有其独特的技术功能,而且为人们在现实世界开辟了另一个生活空间。这个生活空间看似虚拟,它却是建立在社会生活基础之上的,并深刻地改变了人们的心理及行为。微生活是被赋予了自由的选择、平等的参与、实现自我价值和利他精神的网络文化生活。微生活的理念是自我呈现,其原则是自由自为。在高自由度的微生活中,要达到文明与和谐是离不开社会规范引导的。

  1. The Social Life of Prayers – Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandak, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    to the social life of prayers can be seen as a way of mapping affect. Prayers in different ways attest to the implicatedness of human beings in a social world. Furthermore, prayer works as a didactic tool and is in itself an internal scale of comparison and evaluation in various Christian formulations....

  2. Possible ways of space weather prediction improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khabarova, O. V.

    2012-04-01

    Most popular short-term space weather prognoses are based on CME-like solar wind conditions' analysis. Short-term forecasts of severe magnetic storms using such a prognostic scheme are rather accurate, but sometimes are not actual due to too short alert time. Moreover, the number of severe storms is 10 times less than the weak magnetic storms' number. At the same time, the quality of weak and moderate magnetic storms forecast is poor for both short-term and medium-term prognoses, especially at a solar minimum. It is found that physical origin of weak and moderate magnetic storms is much closer to substorms' than to severe magnetic storms' nature; that is why CME-condition- based prognoses fail very often for mild geomagnetic storms [1]. Case studies and statistical analysis show that a mechanism of weak and moderate magnetic storms' development could be explained by excitation and compression of the magnetosphere by the SW density sharp increase in a combination with the southward-directed IMF. Sometimes there is a time delay up to several hours between the geoeffective density increase and the negative Bz IMF component's observation [1, 2]. The role of the solar wind velocity in the stimulation of the reconnection in the magnetotail is found out to be negligible for weak or moderate magnetic storms and essential for intensive and severe geomagnetic storms. So, a consideration of high-speed SW streams and the southward IMF direction as a main cause of a geomagnetic storm is correct for storms with Dstprediction. 1. Khabarova O.V., Current Problems of Magnetic Storm Prediction and Possible Ways of Their Solving. Sun and Geosphere, http://sg.shao.az/v2n1/SG_v2_No1_2007-pp-33-38.pdf , 2(1), pp. 33-38, 2007 2. Khabarova O., Pilipenko V., Engebretson M.J., and Rudenchik E., Solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field features before magnetic storm onset. ICS-8, University of Calgary Press, Canada, 127-132, 2006, http://ics8.ca/proc_files/khabarova.pdf .

  3. MODERN PROBLEMS AND WAYS OF DEVELOPMENT OF COOPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mishchenko Tatyana Leonidovna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the importance of cooperation on the current economic stage as one of the forms of cooperation in the arena of the market of small, medium and large businesses. The aim of this work is the study of contemporary problems of agricultural co-operation and development of effective ways of functioning of the cooperative sector, which is a sustainable development factor of socio-economic systems, contributes to the protection of the interests of its participants, increasing of competitiveness at the industry and national markets. In compliance of the objectives outlined the following objectives of its decision: - to justify the relevance of research in modern Economics; - to analyze the economic interdependence of market subjects and their effectiveness in key financial indicators; - identify the causes, constraining the effective development of the cooperative forms of management. The scientific novelty of the results of the study consists of the following: - it is proved that the basic idea of the cooperative movement is a transition from small businesses to large-scale activity, which today has a real embodiment in life; - it is proved that co-operation is a key element of sustainable development of rural areas and market institutions and is based on a solid social base of farms, individual farms; - as a result of the carried out estimation of parameters of functioning of the agrarian market subjects, proposed an alternative way of economic interaction of participants of the cooperative company. As a conclusion it should be noted that the development of the cooperative sector in economic realities increases significantly in the conditions of Russia's accession to the WTO, ensuring competitiveness of the domestic products and first of all the country's food security.

  4. Thermodynamic Origin of Life

    OpenAIRE

    Michaelian, K.

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the thermodynamic function of life may shed light on its origin. Life, as are all irreversible processes, is contingent on entropy production. Entropy production is a measure of the rate of the tendency of Nature to explore available microstates. The most important irreversible process generating entropy in the biosphere, and thus facilitating this exploration, is the absorption and transformation of sunlight into heat. Here we hypothesize that life began, and persists today, as...

  5. The Art of Way Finding (1/2)

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    In modern era we've become accustomed to instantaneous transfer of information filtered by applications that act as a kind of guardian of information. In the realm of finding one’s way, we use GPS and devices that take us from point A to point B without giving it a second thought. Are we slowly losing the cognitive processes that our ancestors had, and at what price? I use the theme of navigation as an avenue to explore the question of what we’ve lost in the information age. Cultures, such as the Polynesians, the Vikings and the early European explorers developed navigational schema that relied on a person’s relation to the environment to find one’s way. The concept of navigation often takes on a metaphorical meaning of how one lead’s one’s life or achieves goals. Recent work on the organization of cognitive processes in the context of navigation has shown that this may be more than a simple metaphor: that navigation is a kind of template of how we organize our thoughts around future actions. Le...

  6. The Art of Way Finding (2/2)

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    In modern era we've become accustomed to instantaneous transfer of information filtered by applications that act as a kind of guardian of information. In the realm of finding one’s way, we use GPS and devices that take us from point A to point B without giving it a second thought. Are we slowly losing the cognitive processes that our ancestors had, and at what price? I use the theme of navigation as an avenue to explore the question of what we’ve lost in the information age. Cultures, such as the Polynesians, the Vikings and the early European explorers developed navigational schema that relied on a person’s relation to the environment to find one’s way. The concept of navigation often takes on a metaphorical meaning of how one lead’s one’s life or achieves goals. Recent work on the organization of cognitive processes in the context of navigation has shown that this may be more than a simple metaphor: that navigation is a kind of template of how we organize our thoughts around future actions. Le...

  7. Triangular Clinics: The Way of The Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed-Moayed Alavian

    2005-09-01

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is not, however, considered an AIDS-defining illness. As highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART and prophylaxis of opportunistic infections increase the life span of persons living with HIV, HCVrelated liver disease has become a major cause of hospital admissions and deaths among HIV-infected persons(3. Nonetheless, the effects of HCV coinfection on HIV disease progression are less certain. Chronic HCV infection seems to accelerate the course of HIV disease, resulting in a more rapid clinical and immunological progression(4. However, the subject remains controversial. Since coinfected patients are living longer on HAART, more data are needed to determine if HCV infection influences the long-term natural history of HIV infection(3. Generally speaking, it seems that the wholepopulation prevalence of HCV infection is less than 1% in Iran, which is lower than that of other countries in the region(1. Islamic Republic of Iran borders Afghanistan, the major producer and distributor of illicit drugs. The fact that between 1,200,000 and 2,000,000 people are addicted in Iran and that roughly 280,000 are IDUs poses the extra risk of acquiring HCV/HIV. Although HIV prevalence is low (<0.1% of the adult population, with an estimated 20,000 people infected, the potential for rapid spread in the near future driven by injecting drug abuse is very high. Prison settings are conducive to the sharing of contaminated needles and syringes, and many HIV (and HCV infections have been reported from prison settings. The Rapid Situation Assessment (Razzaghi et al., 1999 and other reports indicate that sharing is not uncommon among IDUs. Given that there could be 1,200,000 to 2,000,000 IDUs in the country, a quarter of whom will have injected at least once, the potential for HIV transmission amongst and from them is very high(5. Having all the aforementioned facts in one hand and the fact that different approaches to control addiction had already failed on the

  8. The Feast of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕静

    2003-01-01

    The enjoyment of life covers many things: the enjoyment of ourselves, of home life, of trees, flowers, clouds, winding rivers and falling cataracts and the myriad things in Nature, and then the enjoyment of poetry, art, contemplation, friendship, conversation, and reading, which are all some form or other of the communion of soirits.

  9. Aspirations of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou; Ningxin

    2012-01-01

    After entering Senior Three, besides strenuous revisions and examinations, what the students think most and discuss most is aspirations of life. As far as I know, most of my classmates have already specified their choices of majors and their aspirations of life. Some classmates excel in science subjects, so they have chosen science and engineering subjects, hoping that they will become scientists or engineers.

  10. Emergence of Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Paule Bassez

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Indeed, even if we know that many individual components are necessary for life to exist, we do not yet know what makes life emerge. One goal of this journal Life is to juxtapose articles with multidisciplinary approaches and perhaps to answer in the near future this question of the emergence of life. Different subjects and themes will be developed, starting of course with the multiple definitions of life and continuing with others such as: life diversity and universality; characteristics of living systems; thermodynamics with energy and entropy; kinetics and catalysis; water in its different physical states; circulation of sap and blood and its origin; the first blood pump and first heart; the first exchange of nutrients between cells, sap and blood; essential molecules of living systems; chirality; molecular asymmetry and its origin; formation of enantiomer excess and amplification; microscopic observations on a micrometer and sub-micrometer scales, at molecular and atomic levels; the first molecules at the origin of genetic information, viroids, circular RNA; regions of space or the area inside membranes and cells capable of initiating and maintaining life; phenomena at the origin of the emergence of life; molecules studied in the traditional field of chemistry and in the recent field of nanoscience governed by new laws; interaction between the individual molecules and components of living systems; interaction between living systems and the environment; transfer of information through generations; continuation of life from one generation to the next; prebiotic chemistry and prebiotic signatures on Earth, on Mars, on other planets; biosignatures of the first forms of life; fossils and pseudofossils dating 3.5 Ga ago and more recent ones; experimental fossilization; pluricellular eukaryotes dating 2.1 Ga ago; sudden increase in oxygen in the atmosphere around 2.0 to 2.5 Ga ago and its relation to geology; shell symmetry; aging with

  11. Emergence of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassez, Marie-Paule

    2011-09-29

    Indeed, even if we know that many individual components are necessary for life to exist, we do not yet know what makes life emerge. One goal of this journal Life is to juxtapose articles with multidisciplinary approaches and perhaps to answer in the near future this question of the emergence of life. Different subjects and themes will be developed, starting of course with the multiple definitions of life and continuing with others such as: life diversity and universality; characteristics of living systems; thermodynamics with energy and entropy; kinetics and catalysis; water in its different physical states; circulation of sap and blood and its origin; the first blood pump and first heart; the first exchange of nutrients between cells, sap and blood; essential molecules of living systems; chirality; molecular asymmetry and its origin; formation of enantiomer excess and amplification; microscopic observations on a micrometer and sub-micrometer scales, at molecular and atomic levels; the first molecules at the origin of genetic information, viroids, circular RNA; regions of space or the area inside membranes and cells capable of initiating and maintaining life; phenomena at the origin of the emergence of life; molecules studied in the traditional field of chemistry and in the recent field of nanoscience governed by new laws; interaction between the individual molecules and components of living systems; interaction between living systems and the environment; transfer of information through generations; continuation of life from one generation to the next; prebiotic chemistry and prebiotic signatures on Earth, on Mars, on other planets; biosignatures of the first forms of life; fossils and pseudofossils dating 3.5 Ga ago and more recent ones; experimental fossilization; pluricellular eukaryotes dating 2.1 Ga ago; sudden increase in oxygen in the atmosphere around 2.0 to 2.5 Ga ago and its relation to geology; shell symmetry; aging with transformation of molecules, of

  12. Origin of Life

    CERN Document Server

    Lal, Ashwini Kumar

    2009-01-01

    The evolution of life has been a big enigma despite rapid advancements in the field of astrobiology, astrophysics and genetics in recent years. The answer to this puzzle has been as mindboggling as the riddle relating to evolution of Universe itself. Despite the fact that panspermia has gained considerable support as a viable explanation for origin of life on the Earth and elsewhere in the Universe, the issue however, remains far from a tangible solution. This paper examines the various prevailing hypotheses regarding origin of life like abiogenesis, RNA(ribonucleic acid) world, iron-sulphur world, panspermia, and concludes that delivery of life-bearing organic molecules by the comets in the early epoch of the Earth alone possibly was not responsible for kickstarting the process of evolution of life on our planet.

  13. WAYS OF INCREASING OF BEEKEEPING PRODUCTIVITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osykin S. V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an estimation of productivity in Russian beekeeping, honey pitching profitability calculation, the results of finding the optimal solution for the first level of automation and mechanization of operations

  14. Quality of life technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wac, Katarzyna; Fiordelli, M.; Gustarini, M.

    2015-01-01

    Inevitably, as basic human needs are assured in any developed society, differentiating factors for quality of life (QoL) relate to a greater capacity to make informed decisions across daily life activities, especially those related to health. The availability of powerful, personalized, and wearable...

  15. Breaking Away to Find a Way: Poverty and School Failure in a Spanish Adolescent Life-History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderon-Almendros, I.

    2011-01-01

    This article is part of a biographical research study, and explores the social path that an adolescent from a marginal background in Malaga (Spain) has travelled throughout his life. The research shows a class differentiation that divides society in two: you, who control the means of production, impose your culture, and define the policy and the…

  16. Quality of Life Philosophy VI. The Concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soren Ventegodt

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The about a hundred central concepts related to research in the global quality of life can, in a holistic medical frame of interpretation, be organized under ten abstract key concepts: existence, creation of the world, state of being, daily living, talents, relations, sex, health, personal development, and therapy with subthemes as discussed in this paper. The paper shows that the concepts in each group can be seen as related to each other in a quite intuitive and logical way, to give a coherent quality of life philosophy that allows the physician to encourage, inspire, and support his patient. In every consultation, one new concept and idea of existence can be taught to the patient, helping him or her to realize the meaning of life, the source of joy, and the reason for the actual suffering. In this way, we help the patient to mobilize hidden and known resources and to improve quality of life, subjective health, and the ability to function. The concepts were harvested in 2003 at a Nordic seminar on quality of life research, held in Sweden. Life does not only cohere on the inside, but also on the outside. The same power that ties together all the cells in our body, seems to tie us together in relationships and new wholeness. This power evolves into new kinds of relations that unite on more and more complex levels, with the global ecosystem as the highest known level.Our intentions come from this coherent matrix of life. In the beginning of our life, the web of life itself gave birth to our fundamental purpose of life. The abstract purpose determines the frame of interpretation of reality: How we will perceive ourselves throughout life, our inner life, and the world around us. The frame of interpretation is pitched in language and concepts, in fact it creates our perceptions. Based on these perceptions and our purposes of life, our behavior arises. Our consciousness evolves through the witnessing of our behavior and through the response caused by

  17. Possible origin of life between mica sheets: does life imitate mica?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansma, Helen Greenwood

    2013-01-01

    The mica hypothesis for the origin of life proposes that life originated between the sheets of muscovite mica. This paper elaborates on two ways that life resembles what might have originated between mica sheets. First, enzymes: The configurations and dynamics of enzymes, with their substrates, cofactors, and sometimes transition metal ions, often resemble mica sheets, with their open-and-shut motions, acting on small molecules between them, sometimes assisted by transition metal ions. Second, organisms: Mica world had the potential to be a community or ecosystem of prebiotic organisms in a way unlike other models for the origin of life.

  18. Zwischen Aufbegehren und bürgerlicher Rolle: die Lebensgemeinschaft von Helene Lange und Gertrud Bäumer The partnership of Helene Lange und Gertrud Bäumer: a both rebellious and domestic way of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mechthilde Vahsen

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Die Forschungsarbeiten analysieren private weibliche Beziehungsformen und ihre Bedeutung für die erste deutsche Frauenbewegung. Im Zentrum der Betrachtung steht eines der wichtigsten Führungspaare dieser Zeit: Helene Lange und Gertrud Bäumer. Die Dissertation von Göttert liefert einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Netzwerkforschung, Schaser beschäftigt sich in ihrer innovativen Studie mit der Lebensgemeinschaft der beiden Frauen, die sie in die frauenbewegten und politischen Kontexte einordnet.These studies analyse the private aspects of female relationship and their significance for the first wave of the German women’s movement. The focus is on the leading couple at that particular time: Helene Lange and Gertrud Bäumer. The dissertation by Göttert contributes an important piece to the network research, whereas Schaser describes in her innovative study the partnership of the two women, which is strongly related to the feminist and political context.

  19. Artes de curar e modos de viver na geografia do cangaço The healing arts and ways of life in the geographical realm of the cangaço

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iranilson Buriti de Oliveira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Discute as práticas de cura, especificamente remédios e ervas, utilizadas pelos cangaceiros do Nordeste brasileiro, na virada do século XIX para o XX. Na análise, recorre-se aos pressupostos teórico-metodológicos da nova história cultural e dos estudos culturais, em diálogo com Michel de Certeau e Stuart Hall, entre outros. Problematiza o modo como os cangaceiros recorriam, em seu cotidiano, a mezinhas, chás, orações a santos católicos, além de produtos da farmacopeia regional, para alcançar a cura e o bem-estar do corpo. Observa como os espaços de cura são recriados e os saberes populares, subjetivados na geografia do cangaço.This analysis of the remedies and herbs used in healing practices by the cangaceiros of Northeast Brazil in the late nineteenth/early twentieth centuries applies the theoretical and methodological assumptions of new cultural history and cultural studies in a dialogue that includes Michel de Certeau, Stuart Hall, and others. It problematizes how the cangaceiros relied regularly on folk remedies like mezinhas, teas, and prayers to Catholic saints, as well as regional medicines, in healing the body and re-establishing good health. Within the geographical realm of the cangaço, healing spaces were re-created and folk knowledge was subjectivized.

  20. A macro-village as the origin of the peasant way of life: Marroquíes Bajos (Jaén, Spain c. 2500-2000 cal. BC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zafra de la Torre, Narciso

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available An approach is presented to the chronology and form of a high-Andalusian settlement from the Copper Age which occupies at least 113 hectares. The extensive excavations show a division between the habitation area and the fields. In its stage of greatest expansion it was organized in circlets defined by concentric ditches excavated in the rock, 4 inside the wall and 1 outside. The habitat area (34 has is surrounded by a 2 km long and 3 metres high wall built with adobe, and it is bordered by a ditch of variable depth (2-5 m. and irregular width (6-10 m.. The ditch found in the fields may have a maximum diameter of 1200 metres. Here we will just set forth the first hypotheses on the formation and evolution of the site, beginning with its chronology, periodization and phases, and finishing with the mechanisms which govern the processes of change in social structure. The research scale (intra-site makes it possible to pay special attention to the forms, functions and relations of the domestic units, interpreting the site's evolution as a process of agrarian intensification which results in the institutionalisation of the peasant domestic units (family + land = household as a social cell of production-reproduction.

    Se presenta una aproximación a los tiempos y formas de un asentamiento altoandaluz de la Edad del Cobre que ocupa al menos 113 hectáreas. Las extensas excavaciones realizadas revelan una división entre el espacio de hábitat y los campos. En su fase de mayor extensión estaba organizado en coronas definidas por fosos concéntricos excavados en la roca, 4 intramuros y 1 al exterior de la muralla. El espacio de hábitat (34 has. está rodeado por una muralla de adobe de 3 m. de altura y unos 2 km. de perímetro, bordeada por un foso de profundidad variable (2-5 m. y anchura irregular (6-10 m.. El foso localizado en los campos podría tener un diámetro máximo de 1200 m. Aquí nos limitaremos a exponer las primeras hipótesis sobre

  1. Matters of Life and Longing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Anne Line

      ”Matters of Life and Longing” is based on eleven months ethnographic fieldwork in a low-incomeneighbourhood on the outskirts of the city Recife, Northeast Brazil. Having lived in the neighbourhood as a wife and a mother of two children, Anne Line Dalsgaard describes women’s motives for accepting...... and often actively seeking sterilisation. Through a vivid and thoughtfulanalysis she shows sterilisation to be both a symptom of structural constraints and a resource – a means by which women gain a sense of control over their own lives.The major theoretical contribution of the book is its demonstration...... of the ways that phenomenology can be used as a tool of critical social analysis. The book focuses on lived experience and subjective meaning within a life-world dominated by poverty and violence. Through a focus on the basic human need for recognition Dalsgaard describes women’s desire to be valuable...

  2. Thermodynamic Function of Life

    CERN Document Server

    Michaelian, K

    2009-01-01

    Darwinian Theory depicts life as being overwhelmingly consumed by a fight for survival in a hostile environment. However, from a thermodynamic perspective, life is a dynamic, out of equilibrium process, stabilizing and coevolving in concert with its abiotic environment. The living component of the biosphere of greatest mass, the plants and cyanobacteria, are involved in the transpiration of vast amounts of water. Transpiration is part of the global water cycle, and it is this cycle that distinguishes Earth from its life barren neighboring planets, Venus and Mars. The water cycle, including the absorption of sunlight in the biosphere, is by far the greatest entropy producing process occurring on Earth. Life, from this perspective, can therefore be viewed as performing an important thermodynamic function; acting as a dynamic catalyst by aiding process such as the water cycle, hurricanes, and ocean and wind currents to produce entropy. The role of animals in this view is that of unwitting but dedicated servants ...

  3. Assembly of the magnetic horns under way

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Ahmed Cherif of the EST Division's Metrology Service checks the straightness of the inner conductor of the first magnetic horn for CNGS. The tolerance is less than one millimetre over a length of approximately 6.5 metres.

  4. A New Autonomy-Supportive Way of Teaching That Increases Conceptual Learning: Teaching in Students' Preferred Ways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Hyungshim; Reeve, Johnmarshall; Halusic, Marc

    2016-01-01

    We tested the educational utility of "teaching in students' preferred ways" as a new autonomy-supportive way of teaching to enhance students' autonomy and conceptual learning. A pilot test first differentiated preferred versus nonpreferred ways of teaching. In the main study, a hired teacher who was blind to the purpose of the study…

  5. Bevacizumab: a new way of doing business?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canning, C; Lotery, A

    2006-09-01

    This review highlights the history of the development of treatments for choroidal neovascularization (wct AMD). It examines how drug therapies have evolved for the management of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and the value of randomised clinical trials in determining efficacy. Finally it examines the emerging practice of utilising bevacizumab for the treatment of choroidal neovascularization despite the lack of any phase III clinical trial data.

  6. A way out of the wasteland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koppel, G

    1980-06-01

    This essay describes the author's experiences with Judaism, with the art of Jane Austen, and with the thought of a radical Catholic theologian, Leslie Dewart. The author's synthesis of these disparate elements indicates that it is possible to achieve a religious view that satisfies one's spiritual and emotional needs without conflicting with the widespread modern conception of the integrity and openness of man's evolution.

  7. US Forest Service Right of Way

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting areas with a privilege to pass over the land of another in some particular path; usually an easement over the land of another; a...

  8. PRIVATIZATION OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES: WHICH WAY NIGERIA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Eseme GBEREVBIE

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Governments exist among others to implement policies for the enhancement of the living standard of citizens. To accomplish this goal, public enterprises are established to provide goods and services. With the use of secondary data, the paper examines privatization policy in Nigeria. It observed government interference, lack of transparency and accountability as the major hindrances to the successful implementation of the policy. The paper therefore recommends that for privatization to achieve its goals, government should stop interfering in the implementation of the policy and appoint people of credible character to manage the implementing agency of privatization in Nigeria.

  9. The way of professional identity: gender features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. O. Kodatska

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The mechanism of formation of the professional identity on the level of personality and during the further development of the individual has been described in the article. Main gender differences of the process of self-determination which is not limited only by the choice of profession, but continues during the professional development have been described. The concept of socialization as a process of identity formation in contemporary social conditions and career building process has been studied. This concept is a multifunctional social-psychological phenomenon. Moreover, it has been proven during the research that the problem of professional identity has very big practical importance as it is one of the key social, psychological and educational processes in human activity during a career building. Cultural, historical, political, legal, individual psychological and socio-demographic barriers to women’s professional realisation have been studied. The conclusions has been made that in order to maintain the gender parity in society, the opportunity to balance successfully between work and family responsibilities is extremely important both for women and men. It has been emphasized that support of equal rights and opportunities for both sexes requires special governmental mechanism. Basic gender features of a professional career have been revealed in the article and their impact on personal career has been analyzed. Also the features of the role in socialization and the formation of gender identity have been defined. In addition, the necessity to ensure equal opportunities for professional and individual self-determination regardless gender, age, nationality or social origin has been grounded. Also it has been noted that the introduction of gender parity in educational institutions and enterprises of all forms of ownership provides a number of advantages, among which the main are: improvement of the quality of selection for employment; provision

  10. Mapping ways of representing the world

    CERN Document Server

    Dorling, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Illustrates how maps tell us as much about the people and the powers which create them, as about the places they show. Presents historical and contemporary evidence of how the human urge to describe, understand and control the world is presented through the medium of mapping, together with the individual and environmental constraints of the creator of the map.

  11. The Chemical Evolution of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Tosi, M P

    1999-01-01

    The field of chemical evolution modeling of the Galaxy is experiencing in the last years a phase of high activity and important achievements. There are, however, several open questions which still need to be answered. In this review I summarize what have been the most important achievements and what are some of the most urgent questions to be answered.

  12. Alzheimer's disease - the ways of prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kivipelto, M; Solomon, A

    2008-01-01

    Several vascular and lifestyle related factors have been suggested to influence the development of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD), creating new prevention opportunities. This paper discusses current epidemiological evidence and new findings from the Finnish population based CAIDE study linking some of these factors to dementia/AD. Such findings provide an optimistic outlook especially for persons with genetic susceptibility; it may be possible to reduce the risk or postpone the onset of dementia by adopting healthy lifestyle options. The interplay of genes and environment in the aetiology of AD needs to be further investigated as well as the role of lifestyle and pharmacological interventions for the prevention of dementia.

  13. Coming of age in the Milky Way.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferris, T.

    Contents: Part I. Space. 1. The dome of heaven. 2. Raising (and lowering) the roof. 3. The discovery of the Earth. 4. The Sun worshipers. 5. The world in retrograde. 6. Newton's reach. 7. A plumb line to the Sun. 8. Deep space. 9. Island universes. 10. Einstein's sky. 11. The expansion of the universe. Part II. Time. 12. Sermons in stones. 13. The age of the Earth. 14. The evolution of atoms and stars. Part III. Creation. 15. The quantum and its discontents. 16. Rumors of perfection. 17. The axis of history. 18. The origin of the universe. 19. Mind and matter. 20. The persistence of mystery. Appendices: Glossary. A brief history of the universe.

  14. Reionization Histories of Milky Way Mass Halos

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Tony Y.; Alvarez, Marcelo A.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Abel, Tom

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the connection between the epoch of reionization and the present day universe, by examining the extended mass reionization histories of dark matter halos identified at z=0. We combine an N-body dark matter simulation of a 600 Mpc volume with a three-dimensional, seminumerical reionization model. This provides reionization redshifts for each particle, which can then be connected with the properties of their halos at the present time. We find that the vast majority of present-day...

  15. Assembly of the magnetic horns under way

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    One of the key components of the CNGS facility is the system of magnetic lenses, known as horns, which are to point the pions and kaons that will decay into muons and muon-neutrinos in the direction of the Gran Sasso Laboratory. Positioned at the end of the target, which produces the pions and kaons, the system comprises two of these horns. The first focuses the positively charged pions and kaons, which have an energy of approximately 35 GeV, and defocuses the negative particles. Unfortunately, it has a tendency to cause excessive deflection of particles that have energies of less than 35 GeV and insufficient deflection of those with energies of more than 35 GeV. These negative effects are corrected by the second horn (also known as the reflector), which is positioned 40 metres from the first. Ahmed Cherif of the EST Division's Metrology Service checks the straightness of the inner conductor of the first magnetic horn for CNGS. The tolerance is less than one millimetre over a length of approximately 6.5 metre...

  16. A POSSIIBLE WAY OF EXPORT DIIVERSIIFIICATIION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G HORVÁTH

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available The structure of the Hungarian agriculture should be changed before the EU accession. The new structure should fill the requirements of the EU and beside this it should produce competitive products. Unconventional products (mushroom, fish, honey etc. have a lot of advantages: they can be produced in small farms, their trade is mainly free of regulations and their market is almost unlimited. This paper deals with one of these alternative agricultural enterprises, namely mushroom production. The Hungarian mushroom production – in spite of difficulties – has witnessed a remarkable expansion: it increased its production fourfold and its export fivefold in less than ten years. The low level of wages gives a significant advantage to Hungary against its competitors. If we could secure the appropriate background (technical advice, bank loans, etc. the mushroom industry would become one of the most profitable sector of the Hungarian agriculture.

  17. WAY TO DETERMINE STIFFNESS FUNCTION OF STRUCTURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG De-ming; GAI Bing-zheng

    2005-01-01

    For calculating the stiffness function of a structure, the differential equation of the vibration of the structure was divided into the differential equation on the original stiffness function that was known, and Fredholm integral equation of the first kind on the undetermined stiffness function that was unknown. And the stable solutions of the integral equation, when the smooth factor was equal to zero, was solved by the extrapolation with p smooth factors. So the stiffness function of the structure is obtained. Applied examples show that the method is feasible and effective.

  18. New ways of visualization in laparoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartłomiej Grobelski

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Scientific achievements enabled tremendous progress of surgical minimally invasive methods in the 20th century.Laparoscopy and endoscopy became everyday diagnostic and therapeutic tools of modern medicine. Despite itsirrefutable opportunities and advantages, classical minimally invasive surgery still has substantial limitations. Theseinclude: two-dimensional visualization without depth, a small field of view, and the necessity of precise hand-eyecoordination. That is why pressure is placed on manufacturers of endoscopic devices to surmount these technicalobstacles. To write this paper we searched databases for articles on new means of visualization in laparoscopicsurgery. We discuss augmented reality, three-dimensional vision and image-guided surgery.

  19. Ways of increasing enterprises' innovation activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Nikiforovich Belkin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with topical issues of modernization of the Russian economy. Argues «modernization from above» only by thestate is not possible. It is necessary to participatein this historic process business and labor organizations. However, depicts a large government rolein providing incentives for upgrading business and labor, to overcomethe monopoly in the economy. Only competition can forcethe Russian organization «chase» for innovation. Along with this article shows the role of the state in encouraging businesses to invest in staff organizations, and involve employees into ownership and control. In this regard, the experience of some developed countries are showed. The special attention is paid to the choice of the path of economic modernization in Russia. «Westernization» is described as a dead-end road of modernization, which is promising for a modernization of the national model for the example of a number of Eastern countries. The paper also shows the feasibility of the modernization of labor relations in the example of «Uralelectromed»

  20. The ways of SOFC systems efficiency increasing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demin, A.K.; Timofeyeva, N.

    1996-04-01

    The efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is described. This paper considers methods to lift the fuel utilization and/or the average cell voltage with the goal of increasing the cell efficiency by improved cell designs.

  1. Sculpting- an experiential way of learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Helle Elisabeth; Larsen, Kirsten Vendelbo

    2014-01-01

    students learn about the needs of patients and their relatives, here related to palliative care. Sculpting has its roots as a therapeutic technique used predominantly in the field of family therapy. The principle of sculpting with people is to represent complex family dynamics visually. The involvement...

  2. Concerning Hunt's New Ways of Assessing Intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belmont, John M.

    1983-01-01

    In an earlier article, Hunt envisions the automation of intelligence testing, but he appears to be overly optimistic. He neglects to mention conceptual and practical difficulties at the interface of measurement and theory that place psychometry not in the dawn of microcomputerization, but rather more nearly in its primordium. (Author)

  3. Possible ways of future social development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zak L.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors deal with a question, which is hard to answer considering the context of the future of the social evolution. The authors suppose that one should ask rather about overcoming the current wave of individualism than about overcoming the current form of capitalism. Individualism dismantles any society and it is necessary to react by building stable dual relationships. It highlights the key role of a family. Collectivism, as well as individualism, are not able to create any kind of social structure and lead the society into the liquid of chaos or into the motionless totality. It states that the economic security of various societies is to certain extent affected by all possible production factors and that the reason of the success of their functioning is a balance between power, wealth and public support. It points out that it is necessary to keep a couple and its relationship as a basic element in theory as well as in practice. In legitimate cases of a production practise, it is possible to consider the human individual as the element. It condemns inhumane artificial terms such as “homo economicus”, human resources or human capital. In the conclusions, the authors appeal to restore humanity in society by the contribution of each individual and his interpersonal relationships.

  4. Dynamics and history of the Milky Way

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Helmi, Amina; Corbett, IF

    2010-01-01

    The structure and dynamics of the Galaxy contain information about both its current workings and its assembly history. I review our understanding of the dynamics of the disk and stellar halo, and sketch how these may be used to unravel how our Galaxy formed.

  5. Is there a European way of war?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennesson, P.; Breuer, F.; de Franco, Chiara

    2009-01-01

    and force employment remained distinct and varied in Europe, and yet, what facilitates their convergence at the European Union level into the ambiguous notion of crisis management? We argue that an important answer to these questions is endogenous to the military: both role conceptions and organizational...... frames of military institutions are key underlying aspects of the differences at the national level and of the common ground at the European Union level. We examine and compare empirically the role conceptions and organizational frames of the armed forces in France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom...

  6. The Way of Kata in Kodokan Judo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llyr C. Jones

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a “deep dive” into the formal exercises (katas of Kodokan judo. Specifically, it has two objectives: (i to explain the purpose of kata in judo, and (ii to critically evaluate the concept of kata championships. To achieve these objectives, we offer the authors’ personal comments, observations from rare Japanese source material, as well as insight into the thinking of world-renowned judo experts. We conclude that the concept of kata championships is fundamentally flawed and also damaging kata training.

  7. Mars by Way of Storytellers and Patrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polk, C.

    A business model is presented in which space-themed entertainment and educational media are harnessed to the goal of designing and financing the establishment of a self-sustaining Mars outpost. The model draws from two precedents: (i) The National Geographic Society's use of media sales to fund research and (ii) the historical role of patrons in the process of creativity. These precedents are combined in an international non-governmental organization (INGO) that is governed by the individuals who participate in the media businesses branded by the INGO - these individuals constitute a patron base of several tens of millions. Requiring only modest penetration into global media markets, expenditures of USD 5 billion per year (in 2008 dollars) can commence in 2025 and continue at an accelerating rate until the Mars outpost is established. The financing approach utilized, combined with a decision authority that is free to consider a broad range of solutions, will advance the technical state-of-the-art and result in an Earth-Mars infrastructure capable of expanding the initial Mars outpost into humanity's first second home.

  8. Improvisation as a Way of Knowing Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Jens Skou

    -based classes put together with little or no regard to instrumentation and genre with a strong focus on analysis, artistic reflection and evaluation of the individual output. The author examines improvisation as an adaptation to and transformation of the world, and the possibility of a methodology......This paper examines improvisation and points to improvisational practice as the central transforming force in music and the educational practice of the Rhythmic Music Conservatory (RMC). In less than 25 years RMC has radically changed its education methodology from one based on jazz and African...... of improvisation in popular music that can inform the construction of meaningful and relevant popular music programs based on music improvisation is discussed. The author argues for a need to critically examine the tacit auxiliary hypotheses that seem to govern our understanding of musical improvisation through...

  9. Divergent modes of integration: the Canadian way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izzat Jiwani

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The paper highlights key trajectories and outcomes of the recent policy developments toward integrated health care delivery systems in Quebec and Ontario in the primary care sector and in the development of regional networks of health and social services. It particularly explores how policy legacies, interests and cultures may be mitigated to develop and sustain different models of integrated health care that are pertinent to the local contexts.Policy developments: In Quebec, three decades of iterative developments in health and social services evolved in 2005 into integrated centres for health and social services at the local levels (CSSSs. Four integrated university-based health care networks provide ultra-specialised services. Family Medicine Groups and network clinics are designed to enhance access and continuity of care. Ontario's Family Health Teams (2004 constitute an innovative public funding for private delivery model that is set up to enhance the capacity of primary care and to facilitate patient-based care. Ontario's Local Health Integration Networks (LHINs with autonomous boards of provider organizations are intended to coordinate and integrate care.Conclusion: Integration strategies in Quebec and Ontario yield clinical autonomy and power to physicians while simultaneously making them key partners in change. Contextual factors combined with increased and varied forms of physician remunerations and incentives mitigated some of the challenges from policy legacies, interests and cultures. Virtual partnerships and accountability agreements between providers promise positive but gradual movement toward integrated health service systems.

  10. Divergent modes of integration: the Canadian way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izzat Jiwani

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The paper highlights key trajectories and outcomes of the recent policy developments toward integrated health care delivery systems in Quebec and Ontario in the primary care sector and in the development of regional networks of health and social services. It particularly explores how policy legacies, interests and cultures may be mitigated to develop and sustain different models of integrated health care that are pertinent to the local contexts. Policy developments: In Quebec, three decades of iterative developments in health and social services evolved in 2005 into integrated centres for health and social services at the local levels (CSSSs. Four integrated university-based health care networks provide ultra-specialised services. Family Medicine Groups and network clinics are designed to enhance access and continuity of care. Ontario's Family Health Teams (2004 constitute an innovative public funding for private delivery model that is set up to enhance the capacity of primary care and to facilitate patient-based care. Ontario's Local Health Integration Networks (LHINs with autonomous boards of provider organizations are intended to coordinate and integrate care. Conclusion: Integration strategies in Quebec and Ontario yield clinical autonomy and power to physicians while simultaneously making them key partners in change. Contextual factors combined with increased and varied forms of physician remunerations and incentives mitigated some of the challenges from policy legacies, interests and cultures. Virtual partnerships and accountability agreements between providers promise positive but gradual movement toward integrated health service systems.

  11. First ISOCAM images of the Milky Way.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perault, M.; Omont, A.; Simon, G.; Seguin, P.; Ojha, D.; Blommaert, J.; Felli, M.; Gilmore, G.; Guglielmo, F.; Habing, H.; Price, S.; Robin, A.; de Batz, B.; Cesarsky, C.; Elbaz, D.; Epchtein, N.; Fouque, P.; Guest, S.; Levine, D.; Pollock, A.; Prusti, T.; Siebenmorgen, R.; Testi, L.; Tiphene, D.

    1996-11-01

    ISOGAL is a 15μm ISOCAM survey of ~12deg^2^ in the Galactic Plane interior to |l|=45°. In combination with IJK data from the near-infrared southern sky survey DENIS, the ISO images allow the first detailed study of stellar populations throughout the inner Galaxy. We present preliminary results from a test observation at l= -45° with 6" pixels and completeness limit 8mJy. Of the ~3000 sources deg^-2^ detected, about half are KM giants, seen through extinction of up to A_v_~30, while most of the remainder are probably dusty young stars. Although away from bright IRAS regions, the field displays spectacular emission features, and, unexpectedly, a number of regions which are optically thick at 15μm. The dark regions are presumably dense filaments with A_v_>25.

  12. Exhaustion: The African Way of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-23

    the Rally for Congolese Democracy ( RCD ) seized the eastern DRC town of Goma. Rwanda, Uganda, and Burundi immediately assisted the RCD and again...occupied a portion on northeastern Congo.73 The RCD with the support of the Rwandans, Ugandans, and Burundians attacked down the Congo River toward...and the FDD.85 Rwanda, Uganda, and Burundi allied with the Congolese rebel groups Rally for Democracy ( RCD ) and the Movement for the Liberation of the

  13. Foundations of Decision Analysis: Along the Way

    OpenAIRE

    Peter C. Fishburn

    1989-01-01

    This paper offers a personal perspective on the development of decision theory and related subjects during the past half century. It first reviews six milestones in the foundations of decision analysis that are associated with Frank P. Ramsey, John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern, Leonard J. Savage, Maurice Allais and Ward Edwards, West Churchman and Russell Ackoff, and Kenneth Arrow. It then gives a personal account of further developments over the past 30 years in linear utility theory, s...

  14. Chemistry by Way of Density Functional Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Ricca, Alessandra; Partridge, Harry; Langohff, Stephen R.; Arnold, James O. (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    In this work we demonstrate that density functional theory (DFT) methods make an important contribution to understanding chemical systems and are an important additional method for the computational chemist. We report calibration calculations obtained with different functionals for the 55 G2 molecules to justify our selection of the B3LYP functional. We show that accurate geometries and vibrational frequencies obtained at the B3LYP level can be combined with traditional methods to simplify the calculation of accurate heats of formation. We illustrate the application of the B3LYP approach to a variety of chemical problems from the vibrational frequencies of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to transition metal systems. We show that the B3LYP method typically performs better than the MP2 method at a significantly lower computational cost. Thus the B3LYP method allows us to extend our studies to much larger systems while maintaining a high degree of accuracy. We show that for transition metal systems, the B3LYP bond energies are typically of sufficient accuracy that they can be used to explain experimental trends and even differentiate between different experimental values. We show that for boron clusters the B3LYP energetics are not as good as for many of the other systems presented, but even in this case the B3LYP approach is able to help understand the experimental trends.

  15. Reconstruction of pink esthetics: The periodontal way.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, K; Arshad, L Mohamed; Priya, B Dhathri

    2015-01-01

    Cosmetic procedures involving gingival reconstruction have become an integral part of current periodontal practice. The ability to cover unsightly exposed, sensitive roots and recontour soft tissue recessions have added an esthetic angle to the traditional concept of biological and functional periodontal health. The recession of the gingiva, either localized or generalized, may be associated with one or more surfaces, resulting in attachment loss and root exposure, which can lead to clinical problems such as diminished cosmetic appeal and aesthetic concern. Marginal gingival recession, therefore, can cause major functional and aesthetic problems and should not be viewed as merely a soft tissue defect, but rather as the destruction of both the soft and hard tissue. Treatment proposals for this type of defect have evolved based on the knowledge for healing the gingiva and the attachment system. This case report describes a clinical case of severe Miller Class II gingival recession treated by two stages of surgery that combined a free gingival graft and connective tissue grafting. First, a free gingival graft (FGG) was performed to obtain an adequate keratinized tissue level. Three months later, a connective tissue graft (CTG)was performed to obtain root coverage. The results indicated that the FGG allows for a gain in the keratinized tissue level and the CTG allows for root coverage with decreased recession level after 6 months. Therefore, for this type of specific gingival recession, the combined use of FGG and CTG still serves as a Gold Standard in predictable root coverage.

  16. [Radiated drugs, the way of health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raynal, Cécile

    2011-04-01

    During the inter-war years, the word "radiated" did not only suggest radioactivity, but it was also used to indicate exposure to others radiations, such as ultraviolets. The actinotherapy, a new therapy in vogue, was applied to many pathologies and tried on many substances. "Radiated drugs" result of those experimentations. Their therapeutical characteristics were found during searches on rickets. Our study relates the story of fight against rickets in France, from the use of cod liver oil to the synthesis of Vitamine D.

  17. Reconstruction of pink esthetics: The periodontal way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Balasubramanian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cosmetic procedures involving gingival reconstruction have become an integral part of current periodontal practice. The ability to cover unsightly exposed, sensitive roots and recontour soft tissue recessions have added an esthetic angle to the traditional concept of biological and functional periodontal health. The recession of the gingiva, either localized or generalized, may be associated with one or more surfaces, resulting in attachment loss and root exposure, which can lead to clinical problems such as diminished cosmetic appeal and aesthetic concern. Marginal gingival recession, therefore, can cause major functional and aesthetic problems and should not be viewed as merely a soft tissue defect, but rather as the destruction of both the soft and hard tissue. Treatment proposals for this type of defect have evolved based on the knowledge for healing the gingiva and the attachment system. This case report describes a clinical case of severe Miller Class II gingival recession treated by two stages of surgery that combined a free gingival graft and connective tissue grafting. First, a free gingival graft (FGG was performed to obtain an adequate keratinized tissue level. Three months later, a connective tissue graft (CTGwas performed to obtain root coverage. The results indicated that the FGG allows for a gain in the keratinized tissue level and the CTG allows for root coverage with decreased recession level after 6 months. Therefore, for this type of specific gingival recession, the combined use of FGG and CTG still serves as a Gold Standard in predictable root coverage.

  18. Dialética do modo de vida de portadores de hipertensão arterial: o objetivo e subjetivo Dialéctica del modo de vida de portadores de hipertensión arterial: el objetivo y subjetivo Dialectics of hypertensive patients' way of life: between the objective and the subjective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leise Rodrigues Carrijo Machado

    2007-12-01

    humanos que se contraponen a esas modificaciones; imposibilitad concreta del control de los niveles tensoriales que transcurren de situaciones del modo de vida como el nerviosismo y problemas familiares. La Enfermería necesita repasar el modo de cuidado de la persona con enfermedad crónica.The aim of this study is to understand the way life of hypertensive patients under the care of a Family Healthcare Program, regarding the theoretical-methodological historical and dialectical materialism. Eleven interviews were held with these patients, based on analysis of the speech procedures, which showed themes related to daily life social reality. The six empirical categories identified - beliefs, feelings, beyond-individual, under-control pressure, out-of-control pressure and hypertension causes - were analyzed according to two dialectical categories - the subjective and the objective - and the health-ill-ness-care process. Daily life has revealed contradictions related to the needed treatment and the illness not assumed as it is; need for changes of habits and human values which oppose to these changes; the impossibility of pressure levels control due to way of life conditions, such as nervousness and familiar problems. Nursing needs to change its way of caring about patients falling chronically ill.

  19. Working their way out of poverty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stella Hoff

    2010-01-01

    Original title: Uit de armoede werken. Are people who were members of a low-income household in 2004 still poor three years later? This report describes people's chances of escaping from poverty and the factors  which determine whether they end up above or below the low-income threshold. Is fi

  20. The mass of the Milky Way

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijken, K; Bender, T; Renzini, A

    2003-01-01

    The Mass distribution of the Galaxy is reasonably well understood. Out to a radius of at least 200kpc, the enclosed mass increases roughly linearly with radius at about 10(10)M(circle dot) per kpc. The inner mass distribution is inconsistent with what we know to be present in stars and gas. Recent e

  1. Working their way out of poverty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stella Hoff

    2010-01-01

    Original title: Uit de armoede werken. Are people who were members of a low-income household in 2004 still poor three years later? This report describes people's chances of escaping from poverty and the factors  which determine whether they end up above or below the low-income threshold.

  2. Deaf Epistemology: The Deaf Way of Knowing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holcomb, Thomas K.

    2010-01-01

    The standard epistemology requires the use of hard science to gain knowledge and discover the truth. In contrast, Deaf epistemology relies heavily on personal testimonies, personal experiences, and personal accounts to document knowledge. In recent years, a number of deaf schools have adopted deaf-centric policies shaped by Deaf epistemology in an…

  3. Lesson Plan Using Artistic Ways of Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Penelope

    2011-01-01

    Today with teacher cutbacks looming, and more integration units, general teachers might be required to teach the visual arts. Therefore, teachers need a clear definition of the discipline of art and personal exposure to aesthetic experiences. Many references are made to classic art education research. When lesson plan formats are generic it…

  4. A neat way out of social assistance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Patricia van Echtelt; Maurice Guiaux

    2012-01-01

    Original title: Verzorgd uit de bijstand In recent decades, the emphasis in the Dutch social assistance benefit system has shifted from income support to reintegration into the labour process. As part of this shift, there has been a stronger focus on the obligations of benefit recipients to balance

  5. A New Way of Understanding (Military) Professionalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    for professionalism. On the other hand, some domains that have had the “professional” label applied might not satisfy these criteria. Musicians ...Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, and Syria—has revived memories of the Shah and his fall. These developments have again raised questions regarding the role of armed

  6. Teaching Students of Today: The Buddha's Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ong Puay; Tee, Ong Puay

    2014-01-01

    21st century students are living on the highway of rapid information technology, residing in homes equipped with modern gadgets that allow them to stay connected through virtual media. The fact that students' mind-sets are changing means that there is a need for corresponding changes in pedagogy. The Buddha is known as "Teacher of gods and…

  7. Ways of Talking With (and about) Materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Anne Louise; Caglio, Agnese; Riisberg, Vibeke;

    2015-01-01

    In this workshop we are occupied with materials as a means to relate to objects and our environments. We introduce the Repertory Grid technique as a dialogue tool, based on sensorial perception of soft and hard materials. Thus, the aim of the workshop is twofold: firstly, it encourages engagement...

  8. Amerindian languages: modes and ways of translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna Franchetto

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available As an effort to organize scattered observations and as a result of a long experience of investigation of Amerindian languages spoken in Brazil, this essay deals with some aspects of the work of translation that goes through the whole process of the linguistic and ethnographic research. Once translation is understood in its widest meaning, different interrelated topics are approached, taking as the case under scrutiny the translation between Kuikuro, a Karib language spoken in the Upper Xingu region, and Portuguese. The first topic is the transformation of speeches and verbal arts coming from an oral tradition into written texts, a step that precedes any formalized interlinguistic translation. The second topic concerns the written products and the translation induced by schooling and by the demands coming from the researcher. The third and unavoidable topic is the translation work induced by the contact with missionaries. There are connections between these transmutative operations from exotic to familiar, and vice-versa, and the ‘civilizing’ pretentions of missionaries, school´s agents, and researchers, a trap ready to even the most well-meaning translators, be they Amerindian or not.

  9. Cyber and the American Way of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    34impose uncertainty onto other agencies, markets , and the public.ඒ Risk of unforeseen consequences also factors into the argument for an increased...the luxury of time is doubtful except for at the onset. Combatants will alter their systems, attacks will be constantly created, and the

  10. Trained Immunity: An Ancient Way of Remembering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Netea, M.G.; Meer, J.W.M. van der

    2017-01-01

    The innate arm of the immune system has generally been regarded as primitive and non-specific and, in contrast to adaptive immunity, not to possess memory. Here we review the growing body of evidence that innate immunity has an important capacity to adapt, a de facto innate immune memory (also

  11. The Ways of Four-Quark Hadrons

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2014-01-01

    Ten years after the discovery of the X(3872) we can assert that a number of exotic four-quark hadrons with hidden charm and beauty have been discovered, the most recent, Z(3900), found by BES in 2013, being among the top-striking ones. However, ten years have not been enough to dispel the controversy about their inner structure, with two body hadron molecules and compact multiquark states being the withstanding antipodal models. In this seminar I will review the status of the field, presenting both the experimental facts and the theoretical pictures attempting to interpret them.

  12. Social Media - A New Way of Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Talpau A.

    2014-01-01

    The Internet has a major impact when it comes to marketing tools, providing new opportunities that were not previously available is the traditional marketing environment. Each traditional communication channel has its obvious advantages and organizations must continue to use it, but the Internet is a channel in constant development, enjoying high attention and being currently used by more than a third of the global population. Knowing the different advantages and disadvantages of both t...

  13. An Al Qaeda Way of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    enemy with sheer terror and fright .”31 Another tactic trained and codified is the use of a chemical agent against a population center, large gathering...The stage was set for the United States to use Saudi Arabia as a staging area for offensive operations and as a base for its continuing presence in the...attacks, said Flight 93’s intended target was the United States Capitol Building, not the White House.97 During the planning stage of the attacks

  14. A way for synthesis of superheavy elements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohta, M.; Aritomo, Y.; Wada, T. [Konan Univ., Kobe (Japan). Dept. of Physics; Abe, Y.

    1997-05-01

    Fusion-fission process in heavy systems are analyzed by Smoluchowski equation taking into account the temperature dependent shell correction energy. The evaporation residue cross sections of superheavy elements have been shown to have an optimum value at a certain temperature, due to the balance between the diffusibility for fusion at high temperature and the restoration of the shell correction energy against fission at low temperature. The essential element which realize an significant yield for the (HI, 4-5n) reaction in superheavy mass region is found to be the characteristic time for cooling by neutron evaporation. (author)

  15. Social Media - A New Way of Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talpau A.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Internet has a major impact when it comes to marketing tools, providing new opportunities that were not previously available is the traditional marketing environment. Each traditional communication channel has its obvious advantages and organizations must continue to use it, but the Internet is a channel in constant development, enjoying high attention and being currently used by more than a third of the global population. Knowing the different advantages and disadvantages of both traditional and online marketing, a good marketer may be able to make the right decision when developing integrated marketing strategies.

  16. The Beautiful Way of Luring Investment?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Most people had never heard of Zheng’an until its involvement in abeauty pageant put the Guizhou county backwater on the map,for all the wrong reasons.On April 2,four departments directly under the Zheng’an County Government

  17. Other ways of measuring `Big G'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothleitner, Christian

    2016-03-01

    In 1798, the British scientist Henry Cavendish performed the first laboratory experiment to determine the gravitational force between two massive bodies. From his result, Newton's gravitational constant, G, was calculated. Cavendish's measurement principle was the torsion balance invented by John Michell some 15 years before. During the following two centuries, more than 300 new measurements followed. Although technology - and physics - developed rapidly during this time, surprisingly, most experiments were still based on the same principle. In fact, the most accurate determination of G to date is a measurement based on the torsion balance principle. Despite the fact that G was one of the first fundamental physical constants ever measured, and despite the huge number of experiments performed on it to this day, its CODATA recommended value still has the highest standard measurement uncertainty when compared to other fundamental physical constants. Even more serious is the fact that even measurements based on the same principle often do not overlap within their attributed standard uncertainties. It must be assumed that various experiments are subject to one or more unknown biases. In this talk I will present some alternative experimental setups to the torsion balance which have been performed or proposed to measure G. Although their estimated uncertainties are often higher than most torsion balance experiments, revisiting such ideas is worthwhile. Advances in technology could offer solutions to problems which were previously insurmountable, these solutions could result in lower measurement uncertainties. New measurement principles could also help to uncover hidden systematic effects.

  18. What are the best ways to look for extinct or extant life on mars? Thinking outside the box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bada, J. L.; Grunthaner, F.; Mathies, R.

    2003-12-01

    Although the Viking missions a quarter century ago performed a series of life detection experiments, the question of whether life ever existed or even still exists on Mars remains unanswered. The finding that the Martian surface is highly oxidizing seemed to preclude the presence of a robust surface biology, but the subsurface may be more compatible with respect to the survival of both viable organisms (1) and organic compounds. Moreover, it is now also known that the Viking GCMS would not have detected refractory organic compounds (2) or amino acids associated with over a million bacterial cells in a gram of soil (3). The entire Mars community now faces a major challenge as to what we should do next in our search for evidence of life on Mars. The option that is presently favored is to fly "safe" missions focused on characterizing the mineral and elemental makeup of the surface with little emphasis on state-of-the-art analyses for important biomarkers. A second, or perhaps parallel, bolder approach would be to fly payloads made up of highly sensitive instruments designed to search for a wide variety of key organic compounds. Instrumentation available to detect trace levels of key biological compounds have improved dramatically since the Viking missions and many of these methods can be miniaturized so they can be accommodated into a spacecraft. The critical issue is what suite of instruments would provide the most definitive results in answering the life on Mars question. To rigorously address this question, we propose that various organic detection systems be extensively tested in situ using a common and well controlled set of samples in an environment that is known to have low levels of both microbes and organic compounds. One locality that would be a strong candidate is the Yungay Station site in the Atacama desert of Chile, one of the driest and harshest places on Earth. Only those instruments that are able to detect at high sensitivity organic biomarkers in a

  19. Feeling the life: a look into the visual culture of life scientists

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vyas, Dhaval; Bhatt, Hinal; Moroni, Lorenzo; Nijholt, Antinus; Dittmar, Anke; Forbrig, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In order to deal with human biological problems, life scientists have started investigating artificial ways of generating tissues and growing cells – leading to the evolution of tissue engineering. In this paper we explore visualization practices of life scientists working within the domain of

  20. A brief history of light and those that lit the way

    CERN Document Server

    Weiss, Richard J

    1996-01-01

    From Leonardo to Oppenheimer, from candles to lasers, from cave drawings to cinema, from Stonehenge to quantum mechanics, from Genesis to the Big Bang, light has filled our thoughts, our way of life, our aesthetics, our technology, and our means for survival. Richard Weiss leads us along these paths over the past 500 light years. The way is lit by pioneers such as Rembrandt, Einstein, D W Griffith, Newton, and Heisenberg. A Brief History Of Light, And Those That Lit The Way is a summer's day roller-coaster ride through five centuries of man's achievements in understanding and manipulati

  1. A Haiku Psychotherapist: On Giving Up Writing Haiku as a Way of Being in the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, Vin

    1991-01-01

    Relates the personal and spiritual journey of a psychotherapist who has given up writing haiku as a way of being in the world and has found that a question (on the nature of the Natural Self and learning to find one's next step) has taken the place of haiku in his life. (SR)

  2. ACCUMULATED DEFORMATION MODELING OF PERMANENT WAY BASED ON ENTROPY SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. M. Kurhan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The work provides a theoretical research about the possibility of using methods that determine the lifetime of a railway track not only in terms of total stresses, and accounting its structure and dynamic characteristics. The aim of these studies is creation the model of deformations accumulation for assessment of service life of a railway track taking into account these features. Methodology. To simulate a gradual change state during the operation (accumulation of deformations the railway track is presented as a system that consists of many particles of different materials collected in a coherent design. It is appropriate to speak not about the appearance of deformations of a certain size in a certain section of the track, and the probability of such event on the site. If to operate the probability of occurrence of deviations, comfortable state of the system is characterized by the number of breaks of the conditional internal connections. The same state of the system may correspond to different combinations of breaks. The more breaks, the more the number of options changes in the structure of the system appropriate to its current state. Such a process can be represented as a gradual transition from an ordered state to a chaotic one. To describe the characteristics of the system used the numerical value of the entropy. Findings. Its entropy is constantly increasing at system aging. The growth of entropy is expressed by changes in the internal energy of the system, which can be determined using mechanical work forces, which leads to deformation. This gives the opportunity to show quantitative indication of breaking the bonds in the system as a consequence of performing mechanical work. According to the results of theoretical research methods for estimation of the timing of life cycles of railway operation considering such factors as the structure of the flow of trains, construction of the permanent way, the movement of trains at high

  3. New ways of working: A proposed framework and literature review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blok, M.; Groenesteijn, L.; Berg, C. van den; Vink, P.

    2011-01-01

    The drive towards new ways of working is of great relevance to our modern world. Many companies and organizations have introduced aspects of this new approach in recent years, while many others are on the verge of doing so. The new way of working consists of a large variety of measures enabling

  4. New ways of working: A proposed framework and literature review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blok, M.; Groenesteijn, L.; Berg, C. van den; Vink, P.

    2011-01-01

    The drive towards new ways of working is of great relevance to our modern world. Many companies and organizations have introduced aspects of this new approach in recent years, while many others are on the verge of doing so. The new way of working consists of a large variety of measures enabling flex

  5. Thermodynamic Origin of Life

    CERN Document Server

    Michaelian, K

    2009-01-01

    Understanding the thermodynamic function of life may shed light on its origin. Out of equilibrium structuring in space and time is contingent on continuous entropy production. Entropy production is a measure of the rate of the natural tendency of Nature to explore all available microstates. The process producing the greatest amount of entropy in the biosphere is the absorption and transformation of sunlight, leading to the transpiration of water by plants and cyanobacteria. Here we hypothesize that life began, and exists today, as a dynamic catalyst for the absorption and transformation of sunlight into heat, which could then be efficiently harvested by the water cycle, hurricanes, and ocean and wind currents. RNA and DNA are the most efficient of all known molecules for absorbing the ultraviolet light that could have penetrated the dense early atmosphere, and are extremely rapid in transforming this light into heat that can be readily absorbed by liquid water. The origin and evolution of life was thus driven...

  6. Strategies of Life Detection

    CERN Document Server

    Botta, Oliver; Gomez-Elvira, Javier; Javaux, Emmanuelle; Selsis, Franck; Summons, Roger

    2008-01-01

    The search for life outside the Earth has been one of mankind's most challenging quests. We have reached a level of technology that allows for initial steps toward thorough scientific investigation. The aim of this workshop was to take an interdisciplinary look at the signatures that would be indicative of past or present life on another planet and compare them to biosignatures on Earth. The purpose of the workshop was also to discuss state-of-the-art in-situ instruments that are envisioned to search for these signatures in the exploration of the solar system, as well as the discussion of concepts descriptive of the search for habitable planets around other stars. This book is intended to provide a reference to scientists and instrument developers working in the field of in-situ and remote life detection. It can also be used as an interdisciplinary introduction for students and post-doctoral researchers entering this new and exciting field.

  7. The origami of life

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lezon, Timothy R [Department of Physics, 104 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Banavar, Jayanth R [Department of Physics, 104 Davey Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Maritan, Amos [Dipartimento di Fisica ' G Galilei' and INFN, Universita di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)

    2006-01-25

    All living organisms rely upon networks of molecular interactions to carry out their vital processes. In order for a molecular system to display the properties of life, its constituent molecules must themselves be endowed with several features: stability, specificity, self-organization, functionality, sensitivity, robustness, diversity and adaptability. We argue that these are the emergent properties of a unique phase of matter, and we demonstrate that proteins, the functional molecules of terrestrial life, are perfectly suited to this phase. We explore, through an understanding of this phase of matter, the physical principles that govern the operation of living matter. Our work has implications for the design of functionally useful nanoscale devices and the ultimate development of physically based artificial life.

  8. Ways of Learning in the Pharmaceutical Sales Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Carrie Patricia

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to document the ways pharmaceutical representatives learn for work and report attributes of (in)formality and other characteristics of ways of learning perceived as effective and frequently used. Design/methodology/approach: A total of agents 20 from 11 pharmaceutical manufacturers across Canada participated…

  9. Ways of Learning in the Pharmaceutical Sales Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Carrie Patricia

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to document the ways pharmaceutical representatives learn for work and report attributes of (in)formality and other characteristics of ways of learning perceived as effective and frequently used. Design/methodology/approach: A total of agents 20 from 11 pharmaceutical manufacturers across Canada participated…

  10. Impact of Anxiety on Quality of Life in Parkinson's Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Hanna, Kristine K.; Alice Cronin-Golomb

    2012-01-01

    In Parkinson's disease (PD), both the patient and the health care provider look for ways to preserve the patient's quality of life. Many studies focus on the impact of depression and motor disability on poor life quality but neglect to examine the role of anxiety. We investigated the impact of anxiety and depression on health-related quality of life in PD, using the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life measure (PDQ-39). Symptoms of anxiety, more than depression, cognitiv...

  11. Quality of Life in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norina Popovici

    2016-01-01

    Many times we wondered why people want a certain comfort in exchange for sacrifices on longterm: we want houses, cars, holidays, quality services. All our life we work and give up many tothings (maybe more important than achieving material benefits. It's about quality of life. In thispaper we analyzed the quality of life in Europe addressing several factors, such as subjective wellbeing,living standards and material constraints, work-life balance, family life and social life,health and education.

  12. Habitats of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dirk, Schulze-Makuch; Irwin, Louis N.

    There are four principal habitats in which life may exist - the surface of a planetary body, its subsurface, its atmosphere and space. From our own experience we know that life does exist on the surface of a planet, in its subsurface, and transiently at least in the atmosphere. Where it is present, it exists in a surprising diversity and in a variety of microhabitats, from deep caverns (Hose et al. 2000, Melim et al. 2001) to hydrothermal fluids and hot springs of various chemistries (Jannasch 1995, Rzonca and Schulze-Makuch 2002), to the frozen deserts of Antarctica (Friedmann 1982, Sun and Friedmann 1999). In this chapter we will elaborate on the principal habitats, the constraints they impose on life, and the possibilities they provide.

  13. Flexible work-arrangements and the quality of life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nierop, C.

    2003-01-01

    In the present paper, an attempt has been made to measure the consequences for the quality of life of working with a part-time and/or temporary contract. Quality of life has been defined in a utilitarian and a liberal way. In the utilitarian definition, the quality of life is determined by the exten

  14. Flexible work-arrangements and the quality of life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nierop, C.

    2003-01-01

    In the present paper, an attempt has been made to measure the consequences for the quality of life of working with a part-time and/or temporary contract. Quality of life has been defined in a utilitarian and a liberal way. In the utilitarian definition, the quality of life is determined by the

  15. Use of IBM LinkWay for Developing Tutorials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagarkatte, Umesh P.; Nagarkatte, Shailaja U.

    IBM LinkWay is an example of a hypertext and hypermedia authoring system. This paper summarizes a workshop presentation that demonstrates how to create a mathematics tutorial using LinkWay. An introduction discusses the guidelines for the tutorial. The guidelines consider the presentation of questions, help features for the students, feedback,…

  16. Facilitating new ways of learning in Dutch higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beckers, R.; Van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    Literature shows that ‘new ways of learning’ cause a shift in learning settings with a growing attention to facilitating autonomy, interaction and knowledge exploration anytime, anywhere. These trends show evident similarities with developments in office environments known for as ‘new ways of workin

  17. Facilitating new ways of learning in Dutch higher education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beckers, R.; Van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    Literature shows that ‘new ways of learning’ cause a shift in learning settings with a growing attention to facilitating autonomy, interaction and knowledge exploration anytime, anywhere. These trends show evident similarities with developments in office environments known for as ‘new ways of workin

  18. Chemical Origins of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, J. Lawrence

    1972-01-01

    Reviews ideas and evidence bearing on the origin of life. Shows that evidence to support modifications of Oparin's theories of the origin of biological constituents from inorganic materials is accumulating, and that the necessary components are readily obtained from the simple gases found in the universe. (AL)

  19. Chemical Origins of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, J. Lawrence

    1972-01-01

    Reviews ideas and evidence bearing on the origin of life. Shows that evidence to support modifications of Oparin's theories of the origin of biological constituents from inorganic materials is accumulating, and that the necessary components are readily obtained from the simple gases found in the universe. (AL)

  20. The Molecules of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberg, Robert A.

    1985-01-01

    New advances in molecular biology have established a biotechnology industry and have changed ways people think about living things. In support of this theme, a discussion on historical development and current practice of gene cloning is presented. The role of nucleic acids, viruses, and therapeutic intervention is also considered. (DH)

  1. A Way to Improve Analytic Speed of Emergency Blood Sample

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Zihui; LI Jun; LIU Zisheng

    2002-01-01

    The circulatory way of eccentric hatch of seperating emergency blood sample quickly and entirely, that is the blood sample is centrifugatened first; second, hatched at 37 ℃; then adopt the circulatory way of centrifugation which can seperate quickly emergency blood sample, and collect nonfibrin serum. The serum was placed paired, and was tested automatically by Corning 644 Electrolyte Analysor and Shimadzu CL- 7000 Biochemistry Analysor after placed naturely with sample 2 hours. There has not difference between two analytic result after T test of statistics. This way shortens the seperation time of serum of emergency blood sample, improves emergency analytic speed, and has a good value on sample seperation of common automatic analysis.

  2. A Comparison of One-Way and Two-Way Coupling Methods for Numerical Analysis of Fluid-Structure Interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friedrich-Karl Benra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The interaction between fluid and structure occurs in a wide range of engineering problems. The solution for such problems is based on the relations of continuum mechanics and is mostly solved with numerical methods. It is a computational challenge to solve such problems because of the complex geometries, intricate physics of fluids, and complicated fluid-structure interactions. The way in which the interaction between fluid and solid is described gives the largest opportunity for reducing the computational effort. One possibility for reducing the computational effort of fluid-structure simulations is the use of one-way coupled simulations. In this paper, different problems are investigated with one-way and two-way coupled methods. After an explanation of the solution strategy for both models, a closer look at the differences between these methods will be provided, and it will be shown under what conditions a one-way coupling solution gives plausible results.

  3. Relationship between life satisfaction and quality of life in Turkish nursing school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Yasemin; Kilic, Serap Parlar; Akyol, Asiye Durmaz

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between life satisfaction and quality of life of nursing students. This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with a research population of 396 nursing students who received education at a school of nursing. The research data were collected between May and June of the 2007-2008 academic year. The data collection tools included "Student Description Form," Life Satisfaction Scale, and WHOQOL-BREF (TR) Quality of Life (QOL) Scale. The mean score of life satisfaction was 22.90 ± 5.74. Participants' QOL mean scores were 67.16 ± 15.29 in the physical domain, 64.33 ± 14.72 in the psychological domain, 62.81 ± 19.12 in the social relationships domain, and 60.59 ± 12.59 in the environmental domain. There was a significant correlation between life satisfaction and the four main domains of quality of life scores (P life satisfaction and quality of life among nursing students. In addition, it was determined that being a nursing student had a positive effect on students' life satisfaction and quality of life. Therefore, the education system is recommended to be redesigned in such a way as to make students more active and to improve their life satisfaction and quality of life. © 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  4. Towards the bibliography of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, David; Morse, David R; Willis, Alistair; Dil, Anton

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses how we intend to take forward the vision of a Bibliography of Life in the ViBRANT project. The underlying principle of the Bibliography is to provide taxonomists and others with a freely accessible bibliography covering the whole of life. Such a bibliography has been achieved for specific study areas within taxonomy, but not for "life" as a whole.The creation of such a comprehensive tool has been hindered by various social and technical issues. The social concerns focus on the willingness of users to contribute to the Bibliography. The technical concerns relate to the architecture required to deliver the Bibliography. These issues are discussed in the paper and approaches to addressing them within the ViBRANT project are described, to demonstrate how we can now seriously consider building a Bibliography of Life. We are particularly interested in the potential of the resulting tool to improve the quality of bibliographic references. Through analysing the large number of references in the Bibliography we will be able to add metadata by resolving known issues such as geographical name variations. This should result in a tool that will assist taxonomists in two ways. Firstly, it will be easier for them to discover relevant literature, especially pre-digital literature; and secondly, it will be easier for them to identify the canonical form for a citationThe paper also covers related issues relevant to building the tool in ViBRANT, including implementation and copyright, with suggestions as to how we could address them.

  5. Operation of ULCS - real life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasna Prpić-Oršić

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the real life operation of ULCS (Ultra Large Container Ships is presented from the point of view of shipmasters. The paper provides interpretation of results of questionnaire filled by masters of large container ships during Tools for Ultra Large Container Ships (TULC EUI FP7 project. This is done in a way that results of questionnaire are further reviewed and commented by experienced master of ULCS. Following phenomena are subject of questionnaire and further discussed in the paper: parametric rolling, slamming, whipping, springing, green water and rogue waves. Special attention is given to the definition of rough sea states as well as to measures that ship masters take to avoid them as well as to the manoeuvring in heavy seas. The role of the wave forecast and weather routing software is also discussed.

  6. A Tale of Tidal Tails in the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Casey, Andrew R

    2014-01-01

    Hundreds of globular clusters and dwarf galaxies encircle the Milky Way. Many of these systems have undergone partial disruption due to tidal forces, littering the halo with stellar streams. These tidal tails are sensitive to the Galactic potential, facilitating an excellent laboratory to investigate Galaxy formation and evolution, as well as local chemical signatures of differing star formation environments. To better understand the emergence of the Milky Way, this thesis examines the dynamics and chemistry of a number of known stellar streams.

  7. Regional Marketing: Essence, Content and Ways of Development

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Essence of the concept «regional marketing», its content, purposes and conditions of realization are investigated. The ways andperspectives of regional marketing as a mechanism to increase the region’s competitiveness are identified. Essence of the concept «regional marketing», its content, purposes and conditions of realization are investigated. The ways andperspectives of regional marketing as a mechanism to increase the region’s competitiveness are identified.

  8. Extended Life Testing of Duplex Ball Bearings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobley, Jeffrey; Robertson, Michael; Hodges, Charles

    2016-01-01

    Sierra Nevada Corporation’s Space Systems performed bearing life testing for the Scan Mirror Motor/Encoder Assembly (SMMA), part of the Scan Mirror Assembly on-board the Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS) on the NASA Glory Spacecraft. The baseline bearing life test duration extended beyond the launch date for the Glory Spacecraft; a risk that the program was willing to undertake with the understanding that if any anomalies or failures occurred before the required life was achieved, then the mission objectives or operating profile could be modified on orbit to take those results into account. Even though the Glory Spacecraft failed to reach orbit during its launch in March of 2011, the bearing life testing was continued through a mutual understanding of value between Sierra Nevada Corporation and our customer; with a revised goal of testing to failure rather than completing a required number of life cycles. Life testing thus far has not only exceeded the original mission required life, but has also exceeded the published test data for Cumulative Degradation Factor (CDF) from NASA/CR-2009-215681. Many lessons were learned along the way regarding long life testing. The bearing life test has been temporarily suspended due to test support equipment issues.

  9. 论高校体育教学中学生终身体育意识培养之途径%A Study of the Way to Train Students’consciousness of Life-long PE in the Process of Teaching PE in Higher School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵鹏东

    2015-01-01

    终身体育是目前最为先进的一种体育教育理念,在国家大力推行素质教育和全民健身计划的今天,为越来越多的人所重视。高校体育在终身体育系统(包括学前体育、学校体育和社会体育)中占有无与伦比的地位,它是学校体育和社会体育的衔接点,起着承前启后的“桥梁”作用。而高校体育作为我国学校体育(包括小学体育、中学体育和大学体育)的一个重要组成部分,是学校体育的最末阶段和学生体育的最高层次,也是培养大学生终身体育意识最为关键的时期。高校体育教学理应抓住此关键时期,努力探寻培养学生终身体育意识之途径,如加强对体育的理性认识,培养大学生的体育意识;采用灵活多样教学方法,培养大学生的体育兴趣;改变传统体育教材内容,养成体育锻炼良好习惯;开展多彩课外体育活动,发展大学生体育能力。%Life-long PE, the most advanced educational idea at present, is increasingly stressed today when quality education and mass fitness plan are promoted in our country. PE in higher school, a joining point between school PE and social PE higher plays an incom-parable role in life-long PE system. As an important part of School PE(PE in elementary school, PE in high school and PE in higher school), PE in high school is the last stage of school PE, the highest level of student PE and the key period of life-long PE of undergradu-ates;and the key period should be stressed in high school with a view to seeking the way to cultivate the consciousness of life-long PE for students such as strengthening the rational understanding of PE, cultivating the PE consciousness of undergraduates, etc.

  10. Practical Life: The Keystone of Life, Culture, and Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramani, Uma

    2013-01-01

    Uma Ramani's characterization of practical life is philosophical and anthropological, suggesting that "human history is the story of the evolution of our practical life activities." Practical life is a collaborative activity that creates community and culture. One's adaptation to life through the daily work of ordering our environment…

  11. Multipartite distribution property of one way discord beyond measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Si-Yuan; Zhang, Yu-Ran; Yang, Wen-Li; Fan, Heng

    2015-03-01

    We investigate the distribution property of one way discord in the multipartite system by introducing the concept of polygamy deficit for one way discord. The difference between one way discord and quantum discord is analogue to the one between entanglement of assistance and entanglement of formation. For tripartite pure states, two kinds of polygamy deficits are presented with the equivalent expressions and physical interpretations regardless of measurement. For four-partite pure states, we provide a condition which makes one way discord polygamy satisfied. In addition, we generalize these results to the case for N-partite pure states. Those results can be applicable to multipartite quantum systems and are complementary to our understanding of the shareability of quantum correlations.

  12. Self-perception of quality of life: A comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora Galli

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The idea of Quality of Life includes two areas: objective aspects such as socioeconomic status, and subjective self- perception. Psychoeducation provides useful means to find alternative ways to evaluate and cope with life conditions, thus improving quality of life. Evidence to support if there is a relationship between quality of life self- perception and external life conditions was examined in three cities of Argentina. Objective: to assess the socioeconomic status and to analyze individual differences in self-perception among residents of the cities of Buenos Aires, Balcarce and Lincoln. Participants: a total of 398 adults (200 men and 198 women. Method: a assessment of socioeconomic conditions according to international standards b assessment of quality of life self-perception applying the Quality of Life Index (QLI-Sp. Results: external life conditions do not predict individual self- perception of quality of life

  13. Life Satisfaction across Four Stages of Adult Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medley, Morris L.

    1980-01-01

    For men life satisfaction was related to age stage in a monotonic increasing fashion. Life satisfaction scores remained relatively constant across the age stages for women. Family life and standard of living were found to be significant determinants of life satisfaction, for both sexes at each stage of adulthood. (Author)

  14. Comparison of one-way and two-way coupled analyses of electromagnetic machines considering magnetic and structural interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nam, Jahyun; Kang, Chiho; Song, Jeongyong; Jang, Gunhee

    2017-05-01

    We compared one-way and two-way coupled analyses of electromagnetic machines considering magnetic and structural interaction to identify the frequency components of magnetic excitation and to determine the structural coupling effects predicted only by the two-way coupled analysis. We developed finite element models of a C-core switch and an electric motor. In the two-way coupled analysis method, the magnetic force calculated by using the Maxwell stress tensor was applied to the structural finite element model to determine the elastic deformation, and the magnetic finite element model was rearranged by means of the moving mesh method to represent the structural elastic deformation. We showed that two-way coupled analysis predicted the excitation frequency of 80 Hz (4 times the input current frequency) of magnetic force in the C-core switch and the excitation frequency of 667 Hz (the first natural frequency of the rotor, corresponding to the translational mode) of magnetic force in the electric motor undergoing rotor eccentricity. We showed that two-way coupled analysis predicted magnetic excitation and its corresponding structural response more accurately than the one-way coupled analysis, especially for electromagnetic machines in which the structural deformation affects magnetic field through variation of the air gap length.

  15. Ways of improvement of financial provision of industrial development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shemyakina Natalya V.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article conducts the study of the state of financial provision of industrial development under modern conditions and justifies main ways of improvement and prospects of investment financing of technical development of the production potential. Classical theses and fundamental works of foreign and domestic scientists, statistical indicators and results of author’s studies of the problems of financing of technical development of industry became the methodological basis of the study. Using the conducted analysis of the state of financing the industrial development in Ukraine, potential sources of financial resources of development of the production potential (profit, depreciation, means of financial institutions and leasing, condition of the state financial support of technical development of the industrial sector and taking into account the modern experience of foreign countries, the article justifies main ways of improvement of the financial provision of industrial development. The proposed ways of improvement of financial provision of industrial development are based on: orientation at the modern model with attraction of all potential investment sources; state-private co-financing of investment projects of production development; de-centralisation of the state support through the use of various channels of support of the processes of industrial development; and formation of the market infrastructure of ensuring of financing of the innovation and investment process in industry.

  16. Application of Silent Way in Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱怡宁

    2013-01-01

      The Silent Way (SW) is language teaching method which teacher keeps silent much of the time making students to pro⁃duce the new language. This paper aims to apply SW to English teaching and figure out the idea why Silent Way couldn't be a wide⁃ly-adopted teaching method. In terms of the characteristics of this innovational teaching method, it has some advantages as well as inevitable defects.

  17. Facilitating new ways of learning in Dutch higher education

    OpenAIRE

    Beckers, R; van der Voordt, D.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    Literature shows that ‘new ways of learning’ cause a shift in learning settings with a growing attention to facilitating autonomy, interaction and knowledge exploration anytime, anywhere. These trends show evident similarities with developments in office environments known for as ‘new ways of working’. The purpose of this paper is to explore how facility managers in Dutch higher education perceive developments in learning and teaching in order to keep the learning facilities aligned to the ch...

  18. Is science enough? Examining ways of understanding, coping with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The potential value of using science and information from studies, such as this, is highlighted along with the possible ways in which such science can interact with and help inform a comprehensive planning agenda in the City. ... Article Metrics.

  19. Best Way to Beat Back Zika a Matter of Debate

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fullstory_162423.html Best Way to Beat Back Zika a Matter of Debate Analysis found conflicting evidence ... methods for controlling the mosquitoes that can transmit Zika and other diseases. The researchers, from the University ...

  20. Empathy: Implications of Three Ways of Knowing in Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Arthur J.

    2004-01-01

    From a humanistic orientation, Carl Rogers (1964) described 3 ways of knowing with reference to empathic understanding: subjective, interpersonal, and objective. In the context of a threefold perspective of knowledge, the author expands on Rogers's conception of empathy. As a consequence of a conceptual change in the direction of empathy,…

  1. Only six kingdoms of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalier-Smith, Thomas

    2004-06-22

    There are many more phyla of microbes than of macro-organisms, but microbial biodiversity is poorly understood because most microbes are uncultured. Phylogenetic analysis of rDNA sequences cloned after PCR amplification of DNA extracted directly from environmental samples is a powerful way of exploring our degree of ignorance of major groups. As there are only five eukaryotic kingdoms, two claims using such methods for numerous novel 'kingdom-level' lineages among anaerobic eukaryotes would be remarkable, if true. By reanalysing those data with 167 known species (not merely 8-37), I identified relatives for all 8-10 'mysterious' lineages. All probably belong to one of five already recognized phyla (Amoebozoa, Cercozoa, Apusozoa, Myzozoa, Loukozoa) within the basal kingdom Protozoa, mostly in known classes, sometimes even in known orders, families or genera. This strengthens the idea that the ancestral eukaryote was a mitochondrial aerobe. Analogous claims of novel bacterial divisions or kingdoms may reflect the weak resolution and grossly non-clock-like evolution of ribosomal rRNA, not genuine phylum-level biological disparity. Critical interpretation of environmental DNA sequences suggests that our overall picture of microbial biodiversity at phylum or division level is already rather good and comprehensive and that there are no uncharacterized kingdoms of life. However, immense lower-level diversity remains to be mapped, as does the root of the tree of life.

  2. A Rhetorical Grammar Analysis of Two Ways of Seeing a River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永仙

    2016-01-01

    “Two Ways of Seeing a River”, an excerpt from Life on the Mississippi, written by Mark Twain and published in 1883, is a short but effective comparison essay in which Twain contrasts his then-and-now views of the Mississippi River. The rhetorical strategies and devices that are used by Twain to effectively communicate his messages to readers will be analyzed from the sentential level: vocabulary and phrases, and the figure of speech.

  3. The Meaning of Life in Cottingham Viewpoint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amirabbas Aizamani

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Questioning the ‘ Meaning of Life ’ is one of the most important issues that has been asked during the history. But how to question and answer to it is more curiously concerned in the modern time. In answering to the question ‘ what is the meaning of life? ’ there have been proposed various ideas. In this article‚ we explain the John Cottingham ’s idea on this issue.   He has a religious perspective to the problem. First ‚ he explained that life has objective meaning irrespective of human will and so we must find it. So he argues that the only way of finding life meaningful is to believe in God and to have a religious view to universe. And that the only way to make us feel life is not absurd and meaningless is to be religious and faithful ‚ despite all evils and failures which we face in life. He also explained the barriers of meaningfulness and the reasons of feeling meaningless. Finally ‚ he argues that the only solution is inner change and changing our views to universe.

  4. Giving the Gift of Life at the End of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... About AOA Contact Us A A A Advancing the distinctive philosophy and practice of osteopathic medicine Inside ... Manipulative Treatment Becoming a DO Video Library Giving the Gift of Life at the End of Life ...

  5. Moments Based Framework for Performance Analysis of One-Way/Two-Way CSI-Assisted AF Relaying

    KAUST Repository

    Xia, Minghua

    2012-09-01

    When analyzing system performance of conventional one-way relaying or advanced two-way relaying, these two techniques are always dealt with separately and, thus, their performance cannot be compared efficiently. Moreover, for ease of mathematical tractability, channels considered in such studies are generally assumed to be subject to Rayleigh fading or to be Nakagami-$m$ channels with integer fading parameters, which is impractical in typical urban environments. In this paper, we propose a unified moments-based framework for general performance analysis of channel-state-information (CSI) assisted amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying systems. The framework is applicable to both one-way and two-way relaying over arbitrary Nakagami-$m$ fading channels, and it includes previously reported results as special cases. Specifically, the mathematical framework is firstly developed under the umbrella of the weighted harmonic mean of two Gamma-distributed variables in conjunction with the theory of Pad\\\\\\'e approximants. Then, general expressions for the received signal-to-noise ratios of the users in one-way/two-way relaying systems and the corresponding moments, moment generation function, and cumulative density function are established. Subsequently, the mathematical framework is applied to analyze, compare, and gain insights into system performance of one-way and two-way relaying techniques, in terms of outage probability, average symbol error probability, and achievable data rate. All analytical results are corroborated by simulation results as well as previously reported results whenever available, and they are shown to be efficient tools to evaluate and compare system performance of one-way and two-way relaying.

  6. Toward "Our Ways of Knowing" in the Age of Standardization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto, Lourdes Diaz; De Moed, Simone Tuinhof

    2011-01-01

    Current neoliberal educational policies are impacting young children and their teachers in the United States in many ways. Young children and teachers find themselves in vulnerable positions within a framework of an imperialist education in the age of standardization. Part of the struggle is to open spaces of decolonization that include home…

  7. Quality of life: perception of lung cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montazeri, A; Milroy, R; Gillis, C R; McEwen, J

    1996-12-01

    An investigation was carried out to examine what quality of life means to lung cancer patients. 200 patients with either lung cancer (108) or chronic respiratory disease (92) were interviewed using a short open-ended questionnaire. They were asked to define quality of life in general, identify what they considered to be a good quality of life for themselves and to rank the relative importance attached to each nominated item. A content analysis was carried out and patients' responses were categorised into eight items. These were: ability to do what one wants to do/work, enjoyment of life, family life, financial security, happiness, health, living longer and social life/leisure activities. Of these, health (42%), enjoyment of life (25%) and family life (24%) were the three most nominated items as definition of quality of life in general. Patients perceived a good quality of life for themselves differently. Family life (58%), health (51%) and social life (43%) were found to be the most nominated components of a good quality of life for the patients. Overall, patients ranked family life and health as the first or second most important factors. There were no significant differences between cases and controls. The study results are challenging and serve to remind us that the term quality of life is misused in many studies. Most existing measures do not encompass the wider aspects of quality of life identified here, but rather concentrate on the "health-related" aspects of quality of life. To achieve this, the research into the best ways of measuring and assessing quality of life must continue to seek individual values and preferences and how these can be applied in a simple way in clinical studies.

  8. John Greenleaf's life of science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watenpaugh, Donald E

    2012-12-01

    This article summarizes the life and career of John E. Greenleaf, PhD. It complements an interview of Dr. Greenleaf sponsored by the American Physiological Society Living History Project found on the American Physiological Society website. Dr. Greenleaf is a "thought leader" and internationally renowned physiologist, with extensive contributions in human systems-level environmental physiology. He avoided self-aggrandizement and believed that deeds rather than words define one's legacy. Viewed another way, however, Greenleaf's words define his deeds: 48% of his 185 articles are first author works, which is an unusually high proportion for a scientist of his stature. He found that writing a thorough and thoughtful discussion section often led to novel ideas that drove future research. Beyond Greenleaf's words are the many students, postdocs, and collaborators lucky enough to have worked with him and thus learn and carry on his ways of science. His core principles included the following: avoid research "fads," embrace diversity, be the first subject in your own research, adhere to rules of fiscal responsibility, and respect administrative forces-but never back down from them when you know you are right. Greenleaf's integrity ensured he was usually right. He thrived on the axiom of many successful scientists: avoid falling in love with hypotheses, so that when unexpected findings appear, they arouse curiosity instead of fear. Dr. Greenleaf's legacy will include the John and Carol Greenleaf Award for prolific environmental and exercise-related publication in the Journal of Applied Physiology.

  9. Characterization of Transiting Exoplanets by Way of Differential Photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowley, Michael; Hughes, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a simple activity for plotting and characterizing the light curve from an exoplanet transit event by way of differential photometry analysis. Using free digital imaging software, participants analyse a series of telescope images with the goal of calculating various exoplanet parameters, including size, orbital radius and…

  10. Characterization of Transiting Exoplanets by Way of Differential Photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowley, Michael; Hughes, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a simple activity for plotting and characterizing the light curve from an exoplanet transit event by way of differential photometry analysis. Using free digital imaging software, participants analyse a series of telescope images with the goal of calculating various exoplanet parameters, including size, orbital radius and…

  11. O significado da mudança no modo de vida da pessoa com estomia intestinal definitiva El significado del cambio en el modo de vivir de la persona con ostomía intestinal difinitiva The meaning of the new way of life of individuals with permanent intestinal ostomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Silva

    2006-08-01

    úsqueda por la reinserción social, el desafío de enfrentar la muerte y la búsqueda de perspectivas futuras; el armado de una red de apoyo social: creencias religiosas y espirituales, la familia y la asociación de los ostomizados.The research aims to identify and analyze the main modifications that affect the way of life of an ostomate, and strategies developed to face the situation of having an ostomy. The method used was oral history of topic life. Ten semi-structured interviews were conducted with permanent ostomates. For data analysis, the method used was thematic content analysis. Five themes emerged from the analysis of the interviews: the experience of signs and symptoms and the need for an ostomy; learning to live with an ostomy, the pouching system, and the search for alternatives to replace the usage of the pouching system; facing the changes caused by an ostomy in terms of feeding, clothing and sex life; the search for social reintegration, the challenge of facing death, and the search for future perspectives; the search for a social support network: religious and spiritual beliefs, family and the ostomates association.

  12. THE WAY TO ENHANCE THE VALUE ADDED: SATISFYING THE NEEDS OF TIME CONSCIOUS CONSUMERS IN THE FOOD MARKETS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MÓNIKA Fodor

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The changes of the life style and the way of life have an impact on the preferences of food consumers. The free time not only means an opportunity to have a rest for the consumer of the 21st century, but the customers make efforts to spend it diversely in accordance with the actual trends. The accelerated rhythm of life, the social changes cause the revaluation of the quality of life. A growing stratum is effected by the accelerated pace of work and life and as a result of it the role of time that can be spend up freely is becoming more valuable, determining the way of food consumption and the choosing of the place where to have meal.

  13. On the goodness of life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卿恒健

    2016-01-01

    What is life? Different people may have different opinions. For me, life is more than life and it is that brings the goodness of life. And the goodness of life lies in itself. This paper will study the goodness of life from four aspects. It nurtures from the moments. It benefits me from the moment when I have great expectations for the future, when I have huge thankfulness for my parents, when I have appreciation on the friends and teachers, and when I have great longings for the freedom.

  14. Life of Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelhardt, Robin; Margot Ricard, Lykke

    Learning Lab Denmark, København. 2003 Short description: In connection to the conference Changes and Challenges the White Book "Life of Science" was published. Member states of the European Union as well as applying countries were invited to contribute to the book with texts in order to present...... inspiring cases of concrete educational strategies for improving learning, teaching and recruitment in the fields of science and technology. Abstract: The aim of this white book is to present some of the most inspiring examples of Science and Technology Education in Europe. In creating the white book, we...

  15. An origin of life on Mars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, Christopher P

    2010-04-01

    Evidence of past liquid water on the surface of Mars suggests that this world once had habitable conditions and leads to the question of life. If there was life on Mars, it would be interesting to determine if it represented a separate origin from life on Earth. To determine the biochemistry and genetics of life on Mars requires that we have access to an organism or the biological remains of one-possibly preserved in ancient permafrost. A way to determine if organic material found on Mars represents the remains of an alien biological system could be based on the observation that biological systems select certain organic molecules over others that are chemically similar (e.g., chirality in amino acids).

  16. Stardust: The Cosmic Seeds of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwok, Sun

    How did life originate on Earth? For over 50 years, scientists believed that life was the result of chemistry involving simple molecules such as methane and ammonia cooking in a primordial soup. Recent space observations have revealed that old stars are capable of making very complex organic compounds. The stars then ejected the organics and spread them all over the Milky Way Galaxy. There is evidence that these organic dust particles actually reached the early Solar System. Through bombardments by comets and asteroids, the early Earth inherited significant amounts of star dust. Was the development of life assisted by the arrival of these extraterrestrial materials? In this book, we describe stunning discoveries in astronomy and solar system science over the last 10 years that resulted in a new perspective on the origin of life.

  17. Two-Way Regularized Fuzzy Clustering of Multiple Correspondence Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sunmee; Choi, Ji Yeh; Hwang, Heungsun

    2017-01-01

    Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) is a useful tool for investigating the interrelationships among dummy-coded categorical variables. MCA has been combined with clustering methods to examine whether there exist heterogeneous subclusters of a population, which exhibit cluster-level heterogeneity. These combined approaches aim to classify either observations only (one-way clustering of MCA) or both observations and variable categories (two-way clustering of MCA). The latter approach is favored because its solutions are easier to interpret by providing explicitly which subgroup of observations is associated with which subset of variable categories. Nonetheless, the two-way approach has been built on hard classification that assumes observations and/or variable categories to belong to only one cluster. To relax this assumption, we propose two-way fuzzy clustering of MCA. Specifically, we combine MCA with fuzzy k-means simultaneously to classify a subgroup of observations and a subset of variable categories into a common cluster, while allowing both observations and variable categories to belong partially to multiple clusters. Importantly, we adopt regularized fuzzy k-means, thereby enabling us to decide the degree of fuzziness in cluster memberships automatically. We evaluate the performance of the proposed approach through the analysis of simulated and real data, in comparison with existing two-way clustering approaches.

  18. Technology-enhanced education for Millennials: how the Information Society is changing the way of learning

    OpenAIRE

    Noguera, Ingrid

    2013-01-01

    The Information Society has provided the context for the development of a new generation, known as the Millennials, who are characterized by their intensive use of technologies in everyday life. These features are changing the way of learning, prompting educational institutions to attempt to better adapt to young needs by incorporating technologies into education. Based on this premise, we have reviewed the prominent reports of the integration of ICT into education at different leve...

  19. Fuzzy optimization of pneumatic half-floating slide ways

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宇鹏; 高殿荣; 单彦霞; 张海青

    2008-01-01

    Dynamic modeling was carried on by combining the dynamic of machinery with composite triology, and the critical condition in which the ways would not produce composite-friction self-excited vibration was obtained. The movement regularity and characteristic of the airflow in exhaust gas slit were analyzed, and the relationship between pressure lost and geometry parameters of exhaust gas slit was obtained. A dynamic model and a mathematical model were established for pneumatic half-floating slide ways by combining the dynamics of machinery with hydrokinetics. The objective function for the optimization of slide ways was established based on the fuzzy optimization theory. The membership function of fuzzy constraint was deduced, the fuzzy constraint limit was established by amplification coefficient method, and the optimal value was resolved by the multilevel fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. By combining the internal penalty function method with the variable metric method, the fuzzy optimization design program of ways was designed based on the Matlab platform. The validation was carried on by an example, and ideal results of fuzzy optimization design of slide ways were obtained.

  20. The assembly of the Milky Way and its satellite galaxies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Martin C.Smith; Sakurako Okamoto; Hai-Bo Yuan; Xiao-Wei Liu

    2012-01-01

    In recent years it has become clear that the Milky Way is an important testing ground for theories of galaxy formation.Much of this growth has been driven by large surveys,both photometric and spectroscopic,which are producing vast and rich catalogs of data.Through the analysis of these data sets we can gain new and detailed insights into the physical processes which shaped the Milky Way's evolution.This review will discuss a number of these developments,first focusing on the disk of the Milky Way,and then looking at its satellite population.The importance of surveys has not gone unnoticed by the Chinese astronomy community and in the final section we discuss a number of Chinese projects that are set to play a key role in the development of this field.

  1. How the growth rate of host cells affects cancer risk in a deterministic way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draghi, Clément; Viger, Louise; Denis, Fabrice; Letellier, Christophe

    2017-09-01

    It is well known that cancers are significantly more often encountered in some tissues than in other ones. In this paper, by using a deterministic model describing the interactions between host, effector immune and tumor cells at the tissue level, we show that this can be explained by the dependency of tumor growth on parameter values characterizing the type as well as the state of the tissue considered due to the "way of life" (environmental factors, food consumption, drinking or smoking habits, etc.). Our approach is purely deterministic and, consequently, the strong correlation (r = 0.99) between the number of detectable growing tumors and the growth rate of cells from the nesting tissue can be explained without evoking random mutation arising during DNA replications in nonmalignant cells or "bad luck". Strategies to limit the mortality induced by cancer could therefore be well based on improving the way of life, that is, by better preserving the tissue where mutant cells randomly arise.

  2. Inversion concept of the origin of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kompanichenko, V N

    2012-06-01

    The essence of the inversion concept of the origin of life can be narrowed down to the following theses: 1) thermodynamic inversion is the key transformation of prebiotic microsystems leading to their transition into primary forms of life; 2) this transformation might occur only in the microsystems oscillating around the bifurcation point under far-from-equilibrium conditions. The transformation consists in the inversion of the balance "free energy contribution / entropy contribution", from negative to positive values. At the inversion moment the microsystem radically reorganizes in accordance with the new negentropy (i.e. biological) way of organization. According to this approach, the origin-of-life process on the early Earth took place in the fluctuating hydrothermal medium. The process occurred in two successive stages: a) spontaneous self-assembly of initial three-dimensional prebiotic microsystems composed mainly of hydrocarbons, lipids and simple amino acids, or their precursors, within the temperature interval of 100-300°C (prebiotic stage); b) non-spontaneous synthesis of sugars, ATP and nucleic acids started at the inversion moment under the temperature 70-100°C (biotic stage). Macro- and microfluctuations of thermodynamic and physico-chemical parameters able to sustain this way of chemical conversion have been detected in several contemporary hydrothermal systems. A minimal self-sufficient unit of life on the early Earth was a community of simplest microorganisms (not a separate microorganism).

  3. kwayask e-ki-pe-kiskinowapahtihicik = Their Example Showed Me the Way: A Cree Woman's Life Shaped by Two Cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minde, Emma; Ahenakew, Freda, Ed.; Wolfart, H. C., Ed.

    Emma Minde (nee Memnook)was born in 1907 in Saddle Lake, Alberta. In 1927 she was given by her father in an arranged marriage to Joe Minde, who lived in Hobbema, Alberta. In this recorded autobiography taped in 1988 when she was 81 years old, little is said about her parents and her life as a child other than that she spent 7 years at a…

  4. The formation of life

    CERN Document Server

    Kurucz, R L

    2000-01-01

    The formation of life is an automatic stage in the consolidation of rocky or "terrestrial" planets. The organic (=carbonaceous) matter, light elements, gases, and water must "float" toward the surface and the heavier metals must sink toward the center. Random processes in the molecular soup that fills microfractures in unmelted crust eventually produce self-replicating microtubules. In an appendix I suggest that some primordial crust remains because there is not enough consolidation energy to melt the whole planet. Energy is lost when iron planetesimals first partially melt and then coalesce to form the molten iron planetary core. Stony planetesimals accrete onto the surface of an already consolidated core.

  5. Building Blocks of the Milky Way's Stellar Halo

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Oirschot, Pim; Starkenburg, Else; Helmi, Amina; Nelemans, Gijs

    2016-08-01

    We study the assembly history of the stellar halo of Milky Way-like galaxies using the six high-resolution Aquarius dark matter simulations combined with the Munich-Groningen semi-analytic galaxy formation model. Our goal is to understand the stellar population contents of the building blocks of the Milky Way halo, including their star formation histories and chemical evolution, as well as their internal dynamical properties. We are also interested in how they relate or are different from the surviving satellite population. Finally, we will use our models to compare to observations of halo stars in an attempt to reconstruct the assembly history of the Milky Way's stellar halo itself.

  6. Life of Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelhardt, Robin; Margot Ricard, Lykke

    Learning Lab Denmark, København. 2003 Short description: In connection to the conference Changes and Challenges the White Book "Life of Science" was published. Member states of the European Union as well as applying countries were invited to contribute to the book with texts in order to present i...... occurred, and the challenges we currently face in Scienceand Technology Education. We extend our deepest gratitude to all who contributed to the volume.......Learning Lab Denmark, København. 2003 Short description: In connection to the conference Changes and Challenges the White Book "Life of Science" was published. Member states of the European Union as well as applying countries were invited to contribute to the book with texts in order to present...... inspiring cases of concrete educational strategies for improving learning, teaching and recruitment in the fields of science and technology. Abstract: The aim of this white book is to present some of the most inspiring examples of Science and Technology Education in Europe. In creating the white book, we...

  7. An Analysis of the Creative Ways of Writing in Melanctha

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫枫

    2014-01-01

    Melanctha is the longest part of the Three Lives stories of Gertrude Stein in which the author tried many creative ways of writing. The most outstanding two writing meth-ods used by Gertrude Stein are variations of rep-etition and the prolonged present tense. This essay will try to analyze how the author demon-strates her aesthetic, philosophical and ethical thoughts by a new writing style beneath the sur-face of her work.

  8. In a Silent Way: Student Perceptions of Silence in Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Margaret; Tribe, Robert

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores young people's perceptions of the role and value of shared "gathered" silence in the corporate life of a school community. It draws on a small-scale qualitative investigation in a Quaker school setting. There may be particular things to learn about the practice of stillness and silence inherent in the ethos of a…

  9. A Comparative Study of Chinese and American Ways of Address

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2009-01-01

    From a cross-cultural pragmatic perspective,this paper nakes a comparative study on American and Chinese ways of address,and finds that due to different cultural values,languages differ in the actual realization of address strategies and modifications,which leads to varied interactional styles,and thus holds that there exist distinctive cultural differences in the interactional styles of verbal behaviors,which challenges the universality of pragmatic rules among different languages and cultures.

  10. Normal Functions as a New Way of Defining Computable Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leszek Dubiel

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Report sets new method of defining computable functions. This is formalization of traditional function descriptions, so it allows to define functions in very intuitive way. Discovery of Ackermann function proved that not all functions that can be easily computed can be so easily described with Hilbert's system of recursive functions. Normal functions lack this disadvantage.

  11. Normal Functions As A New Way Of Defining Computable Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leszek Dubiel

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Report sets new method of defining computable functions. This is formalization of traditional function descriptions, so it allows to define functions in very intuitive way. Discovery of Ackermann function proved that not all functions that can be easily computed can be so easily described with Hilbert’s system of recursive functions. Normal functions lack this disadvantage.

  12. Ways of Knowing and Power Discourse in Doctoral Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovat, T.; Monfries, M.; Morrison, K.

    2004-01-01

    As illustrated in an earlier iteration of this study, the 'Ways of Knowing' thesis of Jurgen Habermas suggests that there is a consistent pattern across discipline areas by which knowledge is revealed and further negotiated, and that this is an important thesis for a project attempting to identify and define patterns of research higher degree…

  13. The Volume of a Stretched Tetrahedron; The Easy Way?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Martin

    2015-01-01

    We consider here a number of ideas for the classroom or lecture theatre associated with the mensuration of solids. In particular, the volumes of various tetrahedra are obtained in an indirect manner (by way of prisms and square-based pyramids). This activity develops problem-solving skills, spatial visualization and a from-first-principles…

  14. Ways of living: Tim Ingold on culture, biology and the anthropological task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Angosto Ferrández

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Life is a university. Tim Ingold reminds us of something that we have often heard in bohemian circles. Life is fieldwork and fieldwork is life. Those who are familiar with Ingold’s oeuvre will not be surprised by this statement; for those who are not, here is an extraordinary opportunity to step into it. In this conversation, Ingold makes an overview of some of his central ideas about what makes us human, but he is also invited to critically reflect on questions of anthropological method and theory, as well as on the role of our discipline in the big contemporary debates. Along with Ingold, we welcome here an anthropology that thinks of (and not only shows diverse ways of living.

  15. Topological one-way fiber of second Chern number

    CERN Document Server

    Lu, Ling

    2016-01-01

    Optical fiber is a ubiquitous and indispensable component in communications, sensing, biomedicine and many other lightwave technologies and applications. Here we propose topological one-way fibers to remove two fundamental mechanisms that limit fiber performance: scattering and reflection. We design three-dimensional~(3D) photonic crystal fibers, inside which photons propagate only in one direction, that are completely immune to Rayleigh and Mie scatterings and significantly suppress the nonlinear Brillouin and Raman scatterings. A one-way fiber is also free from Fresnel reflection, naturally eliminating the needs for fiber isolators. Our finding is enabled by the recently discovered Weyl points in a double-gyroid~(DG) photonic crystal. By annihilating two Weyl points by supercell modulation in a magnetic DG, we obtain the photonic analogue of the 3D quantum Hall phase with a non-zero first Chern number~($C_1$). When the modulation becomes helixes, one-way fiber modes develop along the winding axis, with the ...

  16. Automated Monitoring of Pipeline Rights-of-Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, Chard Ritchie

    2010-01-01

    NASA Ames Research Center and the Pipeline Research Council International, Inc. have partnered in the formation of a research program to identify and develop the key technologies required to enable automated detection of threats to gas and oil transmission and distribution pipelines. This presentation describes the Right-of-way Automated Monitoring (RAM) program and highlights research successes to date, continuing challenges to implementing the RAM objectives, and the program's ongoing work and plans.

  17. Is There a Disk of Satellites around the Milky Way?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maji, Moupiya; Zhu, Qirong; Marinacci, Federico; Li, Yuexing

    2017-07-01

    The “disk of satellites” (DoS) around the Milky Way is a highly debated topic with conflicting interpretations of observations and their theoretical models. We perform a comprehensive analysis of all of the dwarfs detected in the Milky Way and find that the DoS structure depends strongly on the plane identification method and the sample size. In particular, we demonstrate that a small sample size can artificially produce a highly anisotropic spatial distribution and a strong clustering of the angular momentum of the satellites. Moreover, we calculate the evolution of the 11 classical satellites with proper motion measurements and find that the thin DoS in which they currently reside is transient. Furthermore, we analyze two cosmological simulations using the same initial conditions of a Milky-Way-sized galaxy, an N-body run with dark matter only, and a hydrodynamic one with both baryonic and dark matter, and find that the hydrodynamic simulation produces a more anisotropic distribution of satellites than the N-body one. Our results suggest that an anisotropic distribution of satellites in galaxies can originate from baryonic processes in the hierarchical structure formation model, but the claimed highly flattened, coherently rotating DoS of the Milky Way may be biased by the small-number selection effect. These findings may help resolve the contradictory claims of DoS in galaxies and the discrepancy among numerical simulations.

  18. Computation Sequences: A Way to Characterize Classes of Attribute Grammars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Hanne Riis

    1983-01-01

    A computation sequence for a derivation tree specifies a way of walking through the tree evaluating all the attributes of all nodes. By requiring that each derivation tree has a computation sequence with a certain property, it is possible to give simple characterizations of well-known subclasses ...

  19. Decoding the stellar fossils of the dusty Milky Way progenitors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Bennassuti, M.; Schneider, R.; Valiante, R.; Salvadori, S.

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the metallicity distribution function (MDF) of the Galactic halo and the relative fraction of Carbon-normal and Carbon-rich stars using the semi-analytical code GAMETE. The code reconstructs the hierarchical merger tree of the Milky Way (MW) and follows the star formation history and

  20. Experience and Ways of Low-carbon Agriculture Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinmin; ZHANG; Chunhong; QIN

    2013-01-01

    Firstly,the status quo of low-carbon agriculture development in China was analyzed,and then advanced experience of developed countries in low-carbon agriculture development was introduced,finally ways of developing low-carbon agriculture in China were put forward.

  1. The Masses of the Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Watkins, L L; An, J

    2010-01-01

    We present a family of robust tracer mass estimators to compute the enclosed mass of galaxy haloes from samples of discrete positional and kinematical data of tracers, such as halo stars, globular clusters and dwarf satellites. The data may be projected positions, distances, line of sight velocities or proper motions. Forms of the estimator tailored for the Milky Way galaxy and for M31 are given. Monte Carlo simulations are used to quantify the uncertainty as a function of sample size. For the Milky Way, the satellite sample consists of 26 galaxies with line-of-sight velocities. We find that the mass of the Milky Way within 300 kpc is ~ 0.9 x 10^12 solar masses assuming velocity isotropy. However, the mass estimate is sensitive to the anisotropy and could plausibly lie between 0.7 - 3.4 x 10^12 solar masses. Incorporating the proper motions of 6 Milky Way satellites into the dataset, we find ~ 1.4 x 10^12 solar masses. The range here if plausible anisotropies are used is still broader, from 1.2 - 2.7 x 10^12 ...

  2. Action research: a way of researching or a way of managing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilford, Richard; Warren, Rachel; Braunholtz, David

    2003-04-01

    Scrutinising recent systematic reviews both on action research and on the management of change in organisations, we have made two observations which, we believe, clarify a rather amorphous literature. First, by comparing formal descriptions of each, action research cannot be clearly distinguished from many other change methodologies. This applies particularly to total quality management (TQM). Both action research and TQM are cyclical activities involving examination of existing processes, change, monitoring the apparent effects of the change and further change. Both emphasise active participation of stakeholders. The examples used to illustrate action research would serve equally well as examples of TQM and vice versa. Second, the methods used in action research are neither specific to action research nor are they of any particular kind. It therefore follows that action research, in so far as it purports to describe a unique or discrete form of research rather than a change process, is a misnomer. Based on these observations, we make two suggestions. Organisational change should be described in terms of the steps actually taken to effect change rather than in 'terms of art' which, like the various brands of post-Freudian psychotherapy, obscure what they have in common rather than illuminate substantive differences. And the research embedded in any cyclical managerial process can have two broad (non-exclusive) aims: to help local service managers to take the next step or to assist managers in other places and in future years to make decisions. These can be described as limited (formative) and general (summative) aims. Whether, or to what extent, a research finding is generalisable across place and time is a matter of judgement and turns on the form of the research and on its context; it is completely independent of whether or not the research was carried out within a cycle of managerial action currently described by terms such as action research or TQM.

  3. Motivation and Ways to Motivate Students of Middle School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱洪琼

    2012-01-01

    Motivation is critical in English learning of middle school,thus,how to effectively motivate students in English learning is an important problem.This study intends to find ways to motivate students of middle school.Self-report data were collected from 45 students in The Experiment Middle School Attached to Yunnan Normal University by using a close-ended questionnaire.

  4. Objective, Way and Method of Faculty Management Based on Ergonomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    WANG, Hong-bin; Liu, Yu-hua

    2008-01-01

    The core problem that influences educational quality of talents in colleges and universities is the faculty management. Without advanced faculty, it is difficult to cultivate excellent talents. With regard to some problems in present faculty construction of colleges and universities, this paper puts forward the new objectives, ways and methods of…

  5. Modelling the H I halo of the Milky Way

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marasco, A.; Fraternali, F.

    2011-01-01

    Aims: We studied the global distribution and kinematics of the extra-planar neutral gas in the Milky Way. Methods: We built 3D models for a series of Galactic H I layers, projected them for an inside view, and compared them with the Leiden-Argentina-Bonn 21-cm observations. Results: We show that the

  6. Market Environment of Wool Textile Industry and Ways to Breakthrough

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程文红; 周启澄

    2003-01-01

    Wool textile industry is now facing serious market environment. Ways to breakthrough may be: exerting special virtues of wool, e.g. degradable, ecological,comfortable etc.; inoculating of biological engineering, seeking for clean production, producing green commodities; creating new market through innovations.

  7. The Future of Educational Research: Has Nietzsche Led the Way?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Paul

    2016-01-01

    This brief editorial suggests that educational research has allowed itself to be constructed in a very narrow way, that seeks, sometimes despite itself, even when the research is of excellent quality, to support the underlying neoliberal values and practices that support its current educational regime. Rather than lamenting this state of affairs,…

  8. Binary white dwarfs in the halo of the Milky Way

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Oirschot, Pim; Nelemans, Gijs; Toonen, Silvia; Pols, Onno; Brown, Anthony G. A.; Helmi, Amina; Portegies Zwart, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Aims: We study single and binary white dwarfs in the inner halo of the Milky Way in order to learn more about the conditions under which the population of halo stars was born, such as the initial mass function (IMF), the star formation history, or the binary fraction. Methods: We simulate the evolut

  9. On the Nature of the Milky Way satellites

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Yang-Shyang; De Lucia, Gabriella; Helmi, Amina

    2009-01-01

    We combine a series of high-resolution simulations with semi-analytic galaxy formation models to follow the evolution of a system resembling the Milky Way and its satellites. The semi-analytic model is based on that developed for the Millennium Simulation, and successfully reproduces the properties

  10. Students' Ways of Experiencing Human-Centered Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoltowski, Carla B.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the qualitatively different ways which students experienced human-centered design. The findings of this research are important in developing effective design learning experiences and have potential impact across design education. This study provides the basis for being able to assess learning of human-centered design which…

  11. Origin of life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, S.

    1985-01-01

    The pathways of organic chemical synthesis, the chemical evolution on the early Earth leading to life was constrained by the development of the planet by accretion and core formation. The accretion and differentiation into the core-mantle-crust-atmosphere system strongly influenced the temperature and composition of the atmosphere, surface, and interior; but large gaps persist in our understanding of these processes. The time-span over which Earth acquired its volatiles, the composition of these volatiles, and the conditions under which outgassing of volatiles occurred to form the atmosphere, are unknown. Uncertainties in existing models for Earth accretion and early planetary development allows a wide range of possible prebiotic atmospheric compositions at the time and temperature when liquid water appeared and thermally-labile organic compounds could survive. These compositions range from strongly reducing atmospheres to mildly reducing ones.

  12. The Logic of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascal, Robert; Pross, Addy

    2016-04-01

    In this paper we propose a logical connection between the physical and biological worlds, one resting on a broader understanding of the stability concept. We propose that stability manifests two facets - time and energy, and that stability's time facet, expressed as persistence, is more general than its energy facet. That insight leads to the logical formulation of the Persistence Principle, which describes the general direction of material change in the universe, and which can be stated most simply as: nature seeks persistent forms. Significantly, the principle is found to express itself in two mathematically distinct ways: in the replicative world through Malthusian exponential growth, and in the `regular' physical/chemical world through Boltzmann's probabilistic considerations. By encompassing both `regular' and replicative worlds, the principle appears to be able to help reconcile two of the major scientific theories of the 19th century - the Second Law of Thermodynamics and Darwin's theory of evolution - within a single conceptual framework.

  13. The Logic of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascal, Robert; Pross, Addy

    2016-11-01

    In this paper we propose a logical connection between the physical and biological worlds, one resting on a broader understanding of the stability concept. We propose that stability manifests two facets - time and energy, and that stability's time facet, expressed as persistence, is more general than its energy facet. That insight leads to the logical formulation of the Persistence Principle, which describes the general direction of material change in the universe, and which can be stated most simply as: nature seeks persistent forms. Significantly, the principle is found to express itself in two mathematically distinct ways: in the replicative world through Malthusian exponential growth, and in the `regular' physical/chemical world through Boltzmann's probabilistic considerations. By encompassing both `regular' and replicative worlds, the principle appears to be able to help reconcile two of the major scientific theories of the 19th century - the Second Law of Thermodynamics and Darwin's theory of evolution - within a single conceptual framework.

  14. The Logic of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascal, Robert; Pross, Addy

    2016-11-01

    In this paper we propose a logical connection between the physical and biological worlds, one resting on a broader understanding of the stability concept. We propose that stability manifests two facets - time and energy, and that stability's time facet, expressed as persistence, is more general than its energy facet. That insight leads to the logical formulation of the Persistence Principle, which describes the general direction of material change in the universe, and which can be stated most simply as: nature seeks persistent forms. Significantly, the principle is found to express itself in two mathematically distinct ways: in the replicative world through Malthusian exponential growth, and in the 'regular' physical/chemical world through Boltzmann's probabilistic considerations. By encompassing both 'regular' and replicative worlds, the principle appears to be able to help reconcile two of the major scientific theories of the 19th century - the Second Law of Thermodynamics and Darwin's theory of evolution - within a single conceptual framework.

  15. Fundamentals of universality in one-way quantum computation

    CERN Document Server

    Van den Nest, M; Dür, W; Miyake, A

    2007-01-01

    We build a framework allowing for a systematic investigation of the issue: "Which quantum states are universal resources for one-way quantum computation?" We start by re-examining what is exactly meant by "universality" in quantum computation, and what the implications are for universal one-way quantum computation. Given the framework of a measurement-based quantum computer, where quantum information is processed by local operations only, the most general universal one-way quantum computer is one which is capable of accepting arbitrary classical inputs and producing arbitrary quantum outputs--we refer to this property as CQ-universality. We then show that a systematic study of CQ-universality in one-way quantum computation is possible by identifying entanglement features that must be present in every universal resource. These insights are used to identify several states as being not universal, such as 1D cluster states, W states, and ground states of non-critical 1D spin systems. Our criteria are strengthened...

  16. End-of-life vehicle recycling based on disassembly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiang; QIN Ye; CHEN Ming; WANG Cheng-tao

    2005-01-01

    The end-of-life vehicle recycling was studied based on the disassembly. The end-of-life recycling and the disassembly were reviewed and discussed. A disassembly experiment of an end-of-life engine was carried out, which strictly recorded the process of dismantling. Based on the results, a model of the end-of-life recycling was presented. In this model, the end-of-life parts were classified by three ways which included to recycle directly, to recycleafter remanufacturing and to discard. By using this model, the dismantling efficiency and the recycling rate can be improved. Also, it obtains a good result after used in a dismantling factory.

  17. The Old Railroad Right-of-Way Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a classroom challenge involving an old railroad right-of-way. Using the knowledge gained via research into what others may have done with utilizing old rail lines, along with team creative efforts, students should begin generating ideas for how to use these land areas. The students might suggest the land areas be used for:…

  18. Transforming Teacher Education Thinking: Complexity and Relational Ways of Knowing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanford, Katherine Jane; Hopper, Timothy Frank; Starr, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    In order for teacher education programs to act as significant scaffolds in supporting new teachers to become informed, creative and innovative members of a highly complex and valuable profession, we need to re-imagine ways in which teacher education programs operate. We need to re-imagine how courses are conceptualized and connected, how learning…

  19. Photography and Writing: Alternative Ways of Learning for ESL Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Helen Lepp

    2012-01-01

    To writing, painting, drawing, and photography as artistic media, the author would like to add teaching as a creative endeavor as well. Especially in a classroom where English is not the first language for many students, the writing teacher needs to be creative with assignments and activities that address nontraditional ways of learning. Her…

  20. Another Way of Knowing: Visualizing the Ancient Silk Routes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisland, Beverly Milner

    2010-01-01

    One way that people learn, remember and communicate is visually. We combine past experiences with new visual information to construct meaning. In this study, elementary teachers introduced their students to the peoples and places of the ancient silk routes using illustrations from two children's picture books, "Marco Polo," written by…

  1. Qualitatively Different Ways of Experiencing Student Self-Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Kelvin H. K.

    2008-01-01

    In the literature, student self-assessment as a practice and as a goal in higher education is generally emphasized for academics. This paper reports a study that investigates what academics emphasize in their experiences of student self-assessment. The investigation focused on the different ways academics described their understanding and practise…

  2. Photography and Writing: Alternative Ways of Learning for ESL Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Helen Lepp

    2012-01-01

    To writing, painting, drawing, and photography as artistic media, the author would like to add teaching as a creative endeavor as well. Especially in a classroom where English is not the first language for many students, the writing teacher needs to be creative with assignments and activities that address nontraditional ways of learning. Her…

  3. Characterizations of one-way general quantum finite automata

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Lvzhou; Zou, Xiangfu; Li, Lvjun; Wu, Lihua

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we study a generalized model named one-way general quantum finite automata} (1gQFA), in which each symbol in the input alphabet induces a trace-preserving quantum operation, instead of a unitary transformation. Two different kinds of 1gQFA will be studied: measure-once one-way general quantum finite automata} (MO-1gQFA), and measure-many one-way general quantum finite automata (MM-1gQFA). We prove that MO-1gQFA can recognize all regular languages but only regular languages with bounded error. We prove that MM-1gQFA also recognize only regular languages with bounded error. Thus, MM-1gQFA and MO-1gQFA have the same language recognition power, which is greatly different from the conventional case in which the times of measurement performed in the computation generally affect the language recognition power of one-way QFA. Finally, we present a sufficient and necessary condition for two MM-1gQFA to be equivalent.

  4. Two Ways Factorial Design for round robin test of anemometers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuerva, A.

    1998-07-01

    This work presents a way to carry out an inter-comparison between different cup anemometers that are tested in different wind tunnels. The method applied is known as Factorial design and allows determining the influence in the test of different factors in this case the anemometer itself and the wind tunnel where it is tested. (Author) 4 refs.

  5. Another Way of Knowing: Visualizing the Ancient Silk Routes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisland, Beverly Milner

    2010-01-01

    One way that people learn, remember and communicate is visually. We combine past experiences with new visual information to construct meaning. In this study, elementary teachers introduced their students to the peoples and places of the ancient silk routes using illustrations from two children's picture books, "Marco Polo," written by Gian Paolo…

  6. GBT Reveals Satellite of Milky Way in Retrograde Orbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-05-01

    New observations with National Science Foundation's Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) suggest that what was once believed to be an intergalactic cloud of unknown distance and significance, is actually a previously unrecognized satellite galaxy of the Milky Way orbiting backward around the Galactic center. Path of Complex H Artist's rendition of the path of satellite galaxy Complex H (in red) in relation to the orbit of the Sun (in yellow) about the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. The outer layers of Complex H are being stripped away by its interaction with the Milky Way. The hydrogen atmosphere (in blue) is shown surrounding the visible portion (in white) of the Galaxy. CREDIT: Lockman, Smiley, Saxton; NRAO/AUI Jay Lockman of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Green Bank, West Virginia, discovered that this object, known as "Complex H," is crashing through the outermost parts of the Milky Way from an inclined, retrograde orbit. Lockman's findings will be published in the July 1 issue of the Astrophysical Journal, Letters. "Many astronomers assumed that Complex H was probably a distant neighbor of the Milky Way with some unusual velocity that defied explanation," said Lockman. "Since its motion appeared completely unrelated to Galactic rotation, astronomers simply lumped it in with other high velocity clouds that had strange and unpredictable trajectories." High velocity clouds are essentially what their name implies, fast-moving clouds of predominately neutral atomic hydrogen. They are often found at great distances from the disk of the Milky Way, and may be left over material from the formation of our Galaxy and other galaxies in our Local Group. Over time, these objects can become incorporated into larger galaxies, just as small asteroids left over from the formation of the solar system sometimes collide with the Earth. Earlier studies of Complex H were hindered because the cloud currently is passing almost exactly behind the outer disk of

  7. Tea - a Chineseway of life and culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正> Tea, along with porcelain and silk, has long been one of China’s most significant exports.ln the 6th century, a Buddhist monk introduced tea to Japan and a Portuguese missionary to Europe in the 16th century. In this way, tea became an international beverage. From ancient times to today, tea has been a necessity of the ordinary life of anyone Chinese.

  8. OPTIMIZATION OF THE WAYS OF INVESTING IN THE COMMERCIAL PROPERTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. U. Kulakov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Statement of the problem. This paper merely looks at commercial effectiveness of an investment project based on the judgment that the investor is the one to be held accountable for the cost and quality of services and to stand to benefit from the outcome of the business activities they engage in.Results and conclusions. The main criteria and common principles of their collaborative use are looked into. The terms of the comparability of the investment options and ways to tackle the problem of investment optimization are discussed.

  9. Methods for obtaining two way memory effect and stressed two way memory effect of CuAlNi single crystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Various training methods for two way memory effect (TWME) and stressed two way memory effect (STWME) were tried on Cu-13.4Al-4.0Ni (mass fraction, %) single crystals by applying tensile stress along 〈001〉 direction of β phase. The training method of cooling with load can induce a lot of martensite prone to stabilize, thus cause large residual deformation, wide hysteresis and small TWME. Training with constant load can produce STWME larger than 8% with the least residual deformation. By training procedure of martensite reorientation below Mf followed by thermal cycling, the TWME is relatively large with very small residual deformation and with comparatively narrow hysteresis of two-way memory. The obtained two-way memory curve after such training is not a closed loop, and the obtained TWME is not stable. However, these can be improved by thermal cycling. Training with martensite reorientation below Mf and thermal cycling under relatively low constant stress throughout the whole training procedure is the optimum way of obtaining TWME, and more than 1.7% TWME can be obtained. The thermomechanical history of the sample has a pronounced effect on the training result. Thermomechanical cycling has a softening effect on martensite.

  10. Strategic ways of economic development of agriculture in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klochko Vіtalіy M.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article provides data with respect to the modern state and tendencies of development of the agrarian sector of Ukraine. The issue of the optimal size of an agricultural enterprise is discussed in the scientific literature. The world practice shows that competitive advantages of farms are achieved through their unification for creation of various partnerships and co-operatives, which operate on the unprofitable basis. Powerful industrial enterprises, financial, trading and service structures took advantage of absence of co-operatives and monopolised production of agricultural products, holding significant areas of agricultural land on lease. Today, ten biggest Ukrainian agro-holdings have more than three million hectares of land or 7.5% of all lands. Big capital, trying to maximise profit, is specialised, as a rule, in mono-production. The article shows main ways of strategic development of agriculture in Ukraine. Depending on the main form of farm management, there are two directions of further development of agro-industrial production: development of big agro-industrial formations (branch organisation of agro-industrial production and vertical integration in the agro-industrial complex (AIC or co-operatives (territorial organisation of agro-industrial production and horizontal integration in AIC. Depending on the way selected by the state, an organisational and economic mechanism is created. The article develops conceptual grounds of state regulation of AIC in the context of development of major agro-industrial formations and agricultural service co-operatives.

  11. The Missing Massive Satellites of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Jie; Navarro, Julio F; Gao, Liang

    2012-01-01

    Recent studies suggest that only three of the twelve brightest satellites of the Milky Way (MW) inhabit dark matter halos with maximum circular velocity, V_max, exceeding ~30 km/s. This is in apparent contradiction with the LCDM simulations of the Aquarius Project, which suggest that MW-sized halos should have at least 8 subhalos with V_max>30 km/s. The absence of luminous satellites in such massive subhalos is thus puzzling and may present a challenge to the LCDM paradigm. We note, however, that the number of massive subhalos depends strongly on the (poorly-known) virial mass of the Milky Way, and that their scarcity makes estimates of their abundance from a small simulation set like Aquarius uncertain. We use the Millennium Simulation series and the invariance of the scaled subhalo velocity function (i.e., the number of subhalos as a function of \

  12. Life Trajectories of Youth Committing to Climate Activism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Scott R.

    2016-01-01

    This article draws from a study investigating the life trajectories of 17 youth climate activists from 14 countries through semi-structured, life memory interviews using Internet-based methods. The interpretations of the interviews focus on the ways in which participants constructed the meanings and functions of experiences and how they…

  13. Life in Black and White: Coverage of Black America by "Life" Magazine, 1937-1972.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sentman, Mary Alice

    A content analysis of selected issues of "Life" magazine was conducted to explore the way in which that magazine portrayed the black community in the United States. All 52 issues within each of eight years (1937, 1942, 1947, 1952, 1957, 1962, 1967, and 1972) were analyzed. Beyond tabulation of frequency and amount of coverage, each instance of…

  14. Ecofeminism as a way of resolving some environmental issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćorić Dragana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Women and nature are connected in many different ways: with their biological status, reproductive role, discrimination. That is why ecofeminism stands for one of the main theoretical, philosophical and even practical ways of resolving the environmental problems. The representatives of this thinking find that changing positions and behaviors by leaving the patriarchal approach to everything - to the women and to the nature, can stop the degradation of the environment. Demographic significance of the women’s role, in context of environmental changes, was represented by some feminist movements, as Chipko movement in India, Green Belt movement in Kenya, Love Canal in State of New York, etc. In this paper, the author gives a short overview of connections between women and nature, and proposes some new solutions. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179079: Biomedicine, Protection of the Environment and Law

  15. The elements of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey P. Fedotov

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Article "Elements of Life" offers a hypothesis about the relationship of the phenomenon of traditional Chinese medicine with the physical laws. It shows the principle of forming a sequence of daily activity of the acupuncture meridians as a consequence of the Doppler effect in the process of flowing around the planet Earth by cosmic wind (by Ether. In accordance with this specification the daily structure of meridians had been built. It is suggested that the essence of the Chinese Qi (Chi are vibrations of a certain range in the medium. Consequently, it became possible to set the interrelation of frequencies of the visible spectrum with certain meridians. It is shown that the topological relationship of ancient (barrier points of the Five Elements (Wu-Shu points are associated with the wave lengths of the so-called Qi. It is shown also that the essence of the Wu-Xing law is based on daily circulation patterns of meridians. The examples of the surrounding world, including pulses processes in the human body, are confirming the above mentioned theses. A correlation diagram between the main elements by Dr. Samohotsky A.S. (dissertation "The experience of the definition of medical laws", 1946 and the Five Elements of traditional Chinese philosophy is established. The above represented hypotheses are yet introduced in practice in form of pulse spectral analysis system.

  16. Flexural Behavior of Two-Way Sandwiched Slabs

    OpenAIRE

    Pachpande, Jivan Vilas

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation presents the details of the findings of a study focused on evaluating the structural behavior of three-dimensional (3D) cementitious sandwich panels with Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) foam core for two-way slab applications. In this study, both theoretical and finite element numerical analysis procedures were adopted to predict the performance of such slabs under out-of-plane loading conditions. The results from theoretical and finite element analysis were verified by compariso...

  17. Fibromyalgia, Spirituality, Coping and Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biccheri, Eliane; Roussiau, Nicolas; Mambet-Doué, Constance

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study is to identify the impact of spirituality on coping strategies and on the quality of life of fibromyalgia patients. The study was carried out on 590 people suffering from fibromyalgia. The data were collected with the French version of the WCC-R (The Ways of Coping Checklist: Cousson et al. 1996), the questionnaire of spirituality (Evaluation de La Spiritualité: Renard and Roussiau, 2016) and Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale questionnaire, translated into French (Blais et al. 1989). An analysis carried out with the software SPSS and Hayes' models showed that both problem-focused coping and coping through social support seeking are mediating variables that enable an indirect link between spirituality and quality of life.

  18. Characterization of transiting exoplanets by way of differential photometry

    CERN Document Server

    Cowley, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes a simple activity for plotting and characterizing the light curve from an exoplanet transit event by way of differential photometry analysis. Using free digital imaging software, participants analyse a series of telescope images with the goal of calculating various exoplanet parameters, including its size, orbital radius and habitability. The activity has been designed for a high school or undergraduate university level and introduces fundamental concepts in astrophysics and an understanding of the basis for exoplanetary science, the transit method and digital photometry.

  19. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE – WAY OF GOVERNANCE FOR MODERN COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina HAGIU

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Through corporate governance is aimed the building of a structure enabling a wide degree of freedom, within the law, and includes several changes of principle in accordance with international standards of transparency. A good governance within an organization mitigate risk, increase performance, pave the way towards financial markets, brings competitive goods and services on market, improves management style, show transparency towards all stakeholders and social responsibility. The lack of some mandatory rules and structures can lead to chaos in business. The paper aims to present the role and the importance of the corporate governance for modern companies, as well as the principles on which this is based. In order to do that we also identified the main ways to quantificate the level of corporate governance, including also the non-financial performance criteria used by investors to assess companies listed on stock exchange.

  20. Dark halos of M 31 and the Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofue, Yoshiaki

    2015-08-01

    Grand rotation curves (GRC) within ˜ 400 kpc of M 31 and the Milky Way were constructed by combining disk rotation velocities and radial velocities of satellite galaxies and globular clusters. The GRC for the Milky Way was revised using the most recent solar rotation velocity. The derived GRCs were deconvolved into a de Vaucouleurs bulge, exponential disk, and a dark halo with a Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) density profile by least-χ2 fitting. Comparison of the best-fitting parameters revealed similarities between the disks and bulges of the two galaxies, whereas the dark-halo mass of M 31 was found to be twice that of the Galaxy. We show that the NFW model may be a realistic approximation of the observed dark halos in these two giant spirals.

  1. Is there a European and an Asian way of learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    Many institutional and subjective aspects of cultural processes have their own inertia in periods of rapid societal transition. The Chinese modernisation, until recently an independent and fenced societal development, offers a historical laboratory in comparison with a small western society....... This paper presents psychosocietal theory of subjectivity and life history approach to empirical research into learning processes and teaching organizations, with a view to sensitize concepts and test their validity in the cross cultural context of modernizing China, by studying work related learning...

  2. Is there an Asian and an European way of Learning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    Many institutional and subjective aspects of cultural processes have their own inertia in periods of rapid societal transition. The Chinese modernisation, until recently an independent and fenced societal development, offers a historical laboratory in comparison with a small western society....... This paper presents psychosocietal theory of subjectivity and life history approach to empirical research into learning processes and teaching organizations, with a view to sensitize concepts and test their validity in the cross cultural context of modernizing China, by studying work related learning...

  3. Engaged to Learn Ways of Engaging ESL Learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Tomlinson

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I am going to argue that our most important role as language teachers is to provide potentially engaging materials for our learners and then to make use of them in optimally engaging ways. If we do not engage our learners most of the time no amount of exposure, teaching, practice or use of the language will help them to achieve sufficient language acquisition and development.

  4. Three-way methods for the analysis of qualitative and quantitative two-way data.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiers, Hendrik Albert Lambertus

    1989-01-01

    A problem often occurring in exploratory data analysis is how to summarize large numbers of variables in terms of a smaller number of dimensions. When the variables are quantitative, one may resort to Principal Components Analysis (PCA). When qualitative (categorical) variables are involved, one may

  5. Three-way methods for the analysis of qualitative and quantitative two-way data.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiers, Hendrik Albert Lambertus

    1989-01-01

    A problem often occurring in exploratory data analysis is how to summarize large numbers of variables in terms of a smaller number of dimensions. When the variables are quantitative, one may resort to Principal Components Analysis (PCA). When qualitative (categorical) variables are involved, one may

  6. The dimensions of life quality in a community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zautra, A; Beier, E; Cappel, L

    1977-03-01

    In this study the dimensions of the quality of life construct were investigated; 454 residents of a large suburban community were asked questions on life changes, psychiatric distress, happiness, and effective participation in life concerns. Selected variables from this survey were factor-analyzed in order to define the dimensions of life quality and six demographic variables; age, sex, marital status, education, income, and religious participation were studied to see how they influenced those dimensions. The results of the analysis revealed that life quality is measurable in terms of a person's happiness, his community participation, and his preferences, answering three major questions that person may pose for himself: (1) How well do I like the life I lead? (2) In what meaningful ways do I spend my time? (3) Why? Each of the six demographic variables influenced these dimensions. Marital status and age, two life-cycle statistics, had the most powerful effects on quality-of-life ratings.

  7. Challenges in Transitioning to an Agile Way of Working

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hekkala, Riitta; Stein, Mari-Klara; Rossi, Matti

    2017-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined how an information systems development team transitioned to an agile way of working. We describe the main events of a large, inter-organizational project, where agile methods and practices were applied for the first time. The organizations involved had a long...... tradition in heavy, waterfall style projects, and many of those past projects had severe challenges. We examine how the agile way of working was understood by particular groups (project team, management and suppliers), as well as how these understandings changed over time. The lack of experience with agile...... development, no common view on ‘agility’ and its key principles and practices were obvious challenges for the transition. Our study suggests that complex agile projects need to have very clear goals and management has to be able to communicate these, while preserving the autonomy of teams and individual team...

  8. Investigating the earliest epochs of the Milky Way halo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starkenburg, Else; Starkenburg

    2016-08-01

    Resolved stellar spectroscopy can obtain knowledge about chemical enrichment processes back to the earliest times, when the oldest stars were formed. In this contribution I will review the early (chemical) evolution of the Milky Way halo from an observational perspective. In particular, I will discuss our understanding of the origin of the peculiar abundance patterns in various subclasses of extremely metal-poor stars, taking into account new data from our abundance and radial velocity monitoring programs, and their implications for our understanding of the formation and early evolution of both the Milky Way halo and the satellite dwarf galaxies therein. I conclude by presenting the ``Pristine'' survey, a program on the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope to study this intriguing epoch much more efficiently.

  9. Dark Halos of M31 and the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Sofue, Yoshiaki

    2015-01-01

    Grand rotation curves (GRC) within ~400 kpc of M31 and the Milky Way were constructed by combining disk rotation velocities and radial velocities of satellite galaxies and globular clusters. The GRC for the Milky Way was revised using the most recent Solar rotation velocity. The derived GRCs were deconvolved into a de Vaucouleurs bulge, exponential disk, and a dark halo with the Navarro-Frenk-White (NFW) density profile by the least chi-squares fitting. Comparison of the best-fit parameters revealed similarity of the disks and bulges of the two galaxies, whereas the dark halo mass of M31 was found to be twice the Galaxy's. We show that the NFW model may be a realistic approximation to the observed dark halos in these two giant spirals.

  10. Reduced quality of life in very overweight Mexican American adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, Chermaine; Johnston, Craig A; Fullerton, Ginny; Foreyt, John P

    2007-04-01

    Quality of life (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, PedsQL) was assessed for 175 Mexican American adolescents with measured height and weight used to determine body mass index (BMI) percentile/weight classification. Main effects for weight classification were detected using One-way ANOVAs (p < .05 for total, physical, and psychosocial), with the heaviest adolescents demonstrating the lowest ratings.

  11. Origins and Evolution of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gargaud, Muriel; López-García, Purificación; Martin, Hervé

    2011-01-01

    Part I. What Is Life?: 1. Problems raised by a definition of life M. Morange; 2. Some remarks about uses of cosmological anthropic 'principles' D. Lambert; 3. Minimal cell: the biologist point of view C. Brochier-Armanet; 4. Minimal cell: the computer scientist point of view H. Bersini; 5. Origins of life: computing and simulation approaches B. Billoud; Part II. Astronomical and Geophysical Context of the Emergence of Life: 6. Organic molecules in interstellar medium C. Ceccarelli and C. Cernicharo; 7. Cosmochemical evolution and the origin of life: insights from meteorites S. Pizzarello; 8. Astronomical constraints on the emergence of life M. Gounelle and T. Montmerle; 9. Formation of habitable planets J. Chambers; 10. The concept of galactic habitable zone N. Prantzos; 11. The young Sun and its influence on planetary atmospheres M. Güdel and J. Kasting; 12. Climates of the Earth G. Ramstein; Part III. Role of Water in the Emergence of Life: 13. Liquid water: a necessary condition to all forms of life K. Bartik, G. Bruylants, E. Locci and J. Reisse; 14. The role of water in the formation and evolution of planets T. Encrenaz; 15. Water on Mars J. P. Bibring; Part IV. From Non-Living Systems to Life: 16. Energetic constraints on prebiotic pathways: application to the emergence of translation R. Pascal and L. Boiteau; 17. Comparative genomics and early cell evolution A. Lazcano; 18. Origin and evolution of metabolisms J. Peretó; Part V. Mechanisms for Life Evolution: 19. Molecular phylogeny: inferring the patterns of evolution E. Douzery; 20. Horizontal gene transfer: mechanisms and evolutionary consequences D. Moreira; 21. The role of symbiosis in eukaryotic evolution A. Latorre, A. Durbán, A. Moya and J. Peretó; Part VI. Life in Extreme Conditions: 22. Life in extreme conditions: Deinococcus radiodurans, an organism able to survive prolonged desiccation and high doses of ionising radiation S. Sommer and M. Toueille; 23. Molecular effects of UV and ionizing

  12. The spiral structure of our Milky Way Galaxy

    CERN Document Server

    Hou, L G; Shi, W B

    2009-01-01

    The spiral structure of our Milky Way Galaxy is not yet known. HII regions and Giant molecular clouds are the most prominent spiral tracers. The 2-, 3- and 4-arm models have previously been proposed to outline the structure of our Galaxy. Recently, new data of spiral tracers covering a larger region of the Galactic disk have been published in literature. We wish to obtain the updated spiral structure of the Milky way using all tracer data. We collected the spiral tracer data of our Milky Way from literature, namely, HII regions and giant molecular clouds (GMCs). With the weighting factors based on the excitation parameters of HII regions or the masses of GMCs, we fitted the distribution of these tracers with the models of two-, three-, four-spiral-arms or polynomial spiral arms. The distances of tracers, if not available from stellar or direct measurements, were estimated kinetically from the standard rotation curve of Brand & Blitz (1993) with R_0=8.5 kpc, and \\Theta_0 =220 km s^{-1} or the newly fitted ...

  13. Roche volume filling of star clusters in the Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, A.; Just, A.

    2013-03-01

    We examine the ratios rh/rJ of projected half-mass and Jacobi radius as well as rt/rJ of tidal and Jacobi radius for open and globular clusters in the Milky Way using data of both observations and simulations. We applied an improved calculation of rJ for eccentric orbits of globular clusters. A sample of 236 open clusters of Piskunov et al. within the nearest kiloparsec around the Sun has been used. For the Milky Way globular clusters, data are taken from the Harris catalogue. We particularly use the subsample of 38 Milky Way globular clusters for which orbits have been integrated by Dinescu et al. We aim to quantify the differences between open and globular clusters and to understand, why they form two intrinsically distinct populations. We find under certain assumptions, or, in other words, in certain approximations (i) that globular clusters are presently Roche volume underfilling, (ii) with at least 3σ confidence that the ratio rh/rJ of half-mass and Jacobi radius is three to five times larger at present for an average open cluster in our sample than for an average globular cluster in our sample and (iii) that a significant fraction of globular clusters may be Roche volume overfilling at pericentre with rt > rJ. Another aim of this paper is to throw light on the underlying theoretical reason for the existence of the van den Bergh correlation between half-mass and Galactocentric radius.

  14. The Ways of Using CRM Systems; the Survey of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Sudarević

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Although young science, marketing has passed through the row of changes since the start of its development. The 1990th of the last century brought big changes, firstly by the powerful penetration of information and communication technology. This trend has exerted influences on the development and application of marketing in both theory and practice. Thanks to the development and implementation of CRM systems, companies have had insight into the complete behavior of their customers, even in the situations where companies have a great number of different customers. However, many companies have not used these data in the right way. The work points to some of possible approaches in using data collected by means of CRM systems. Measuring the customer lifetime value, classification of the present customers, increasing customer retention rate, winning new "right" customers and the increase of product sale to the present customers are just some of activities exerting direct influence on companies' business performance. Based on the survey of available literature, the work presents how to use the mentioned activities in the right way.

  15. Modelling the H I halo of the Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marasco, A.; Fraternali, F.

    2011-01-01

    Aims: We studied the global distribution and kinematics of the extra-planar neutral gas in the Milky Way. Methods: We built 3D models for a series of Galactic H I layers, projected them for an inside view, and compared them with the Leiden-Argentina-Bonn 21-cm observations. Results: We show that the Milky Way disk is surrounded by an extended halo of neutral gas with a vertical scale-height of 1.6+0.6-0.4 kpc and an H I mass of 3.2+1.0-0.9 × 108 M⊙, which is ~5-10% of the total Galactic H I. This H I halo rotates more slowly than the disk with a vertical velocity gradient of -15 ± 4 km s-1 kpc-1. We found evidence for a global infall motion in the halo, both vertical (20+5-7 km s-1) and radial (30+7-5 km s-1). Conclusions: The Milky Way H I extra-planar layer shows properties similar to the halos of external galaxies, which is compatible with it being predominantly produced by supernova explosions in the disk. It is most likely composed of distinct gas complexes with masses of ~104-5 M⊙, of which the intermediate velocity clouds are the local manifestations. The classical high-velocity clouds appear to be a separate population.

  16. First Day of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Looking for Health Lessons? Visit KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Your Child's Development ( ... Feelings Having a baby is a major, life-changing experience. Don't be surprised to find that ...

  17. The mass distribution and gravitational potential of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    McMillan, Paul J

    2016-01-01

    We present mass models of the Milky Way created to fit observational constraints and to be consistent with expectations from theoretical modelling. The method used to create these models is that demonstrated in McMillan (2011), and we improve on those models by adding gas discs to the potential, considering the effects of allowing the inner slope of the halo density profile to vary, and including new observations of maser sources in the Milky Way amongst the new constraints. We provide a best fitting model, as well as estimates of the properties of the Milky Way. Under the assumptions in our main model, we find that the Sun is $(8.20\\pm0.09)\\,\\mathrm{kpc}$ from the Galactic Centre, with the circular speed at the Sun being $(232.8\\pm3.0)\\,\\mathrm{km\\,s}^{-1}$; that the Galaxy has a total stellar mass of $(54.3\\pm5.7)\\times10^9\\,{\\rm M}_\\odot$, a total virial mass of $(1.30 \\pm 0.30)\\times10^{12}\\,{\\rm M}_\\odot$ and a local dark-matter density of $0.40\\pm0.04\\,\\mathrm{GeV\\,cm}^{-3}$. We find that most of these ...

  18. Roche volume filling of star clusters in the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Ernst, A

    2012-01-01

    We examine the ratios $r_h/r_J$ of projected half-mass and Jacobi radius as well as $r_t/r_J$ of tidal and Jacobi radius for open and globular clusters in the Milky Way using data of both observations and simulations. We applied an improved calculation of $r_J$ for eccentric orbits of globular clusters. A sample of 236 open clusters of Piskunov et al. within the nearest kiloparsec around the Sun has been used. For the Milky Way globular clusters, data are taken from the Harris catalogue. We particularly use the subsample of 38 Milky Way globular clusters for which orbits have been integrated by Dinescu et al. We aim to quantify the differences between open and globular clusters and to understand, why they form two intrinsically distinct populations. We find under certain assumptions, or, in other words, in certain approximations, (i) that globular clusters are presently Roche volume underfilling and (ii) with at least $3\\sigma$ confidence that the ratio $r_h/r_J$ of half-mass and Jacobi radius is $3 - 5$ time...

  19. The Spirit that Strengthens Me: Merging the "Life of the Mind" with "Life in the Spirit"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrix, Katherine Grace

    2009-01-01

    Wholeness brings to mind the soul/spirit and, quite naturally, a discussion of what constitutes spirituality. In general, the definition of spirituality is associated with an attitude or way of life that may or may not be connected to Christian, Buddhist, Hindi, Jewish, or Muslim religions. Whether the approach to the topic is religious or…

  20. Tracing the first stars and galaxies of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Griffen, Brendan F; Ji, Alexander P; O'Shea, Brian W; Gómez, Facundo A; Frebel, Anna

    2016-01-01

    We use 30 high-resolution dark matter halos of the $Caterpillar$ simulation suite to probe the first stars and galaxies of Milky Way-mass systems. We quantify the environment of the high-$z$ progenitors of the Milky Way and connect them to the properties of the host and satellites today. We identify the formation sites of the first generation of Population III (Pop III) stars ($z$ ~ 25) and first galaxies ($z$ ~ 22) with several different models based on a minimum halo mass including a simple model for Lyman-Werner feedback. Through this method we find approximately 23,000 $\\pm$ 5,000 Pop III potentially star-forming sites per Milky Way-mass host, though this number is drastically reduced to ~550 star-forming sites when Lyman-Werner feedback is included, as it has critical effects at these length scales. The majority of these halos identified form in isolation (96% at $z$ = 15) and are not subject to external enrichment by neighboring halos (median separation ~1 pkpc at $z$ = 15), though half merge with a sys...

  1. Mass extinction and the structure of the milky way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipović M.D.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We use the most up-to-date Milky Way model and solar orbit data in order to test the hypothesis that the Sun's galactic spiral arm crossings cause mass extinction events on Earth. To do this, we created a new model of the Milky Way's spiral arms by combining a large quantity of data from several surveys. We then combined this model with a recently derived solution for the solar orbit to determine the timing of the Sun's historical passages through the Galaxy's spiral arms. Our new model was designed with a symmetrical appearance, with the major alteration being the addition of a spur at the far side of the Galaxy. A correlation was found between the times at which the Sun crosses the spiral arms and six known mass extinction events. Furthermore, we identify five additional historical mass extinction events that might be explained by the motion of the Sun around our Galaxy. These five additional significant drops in marine genera that we find include significant reductions in diversity at 415, 322, 300, 145 and 33 Myr ago. Our simulations indicate that the Sun has spent ~60% of its time passing through our Galaxy's various spiral arms. Also, we briefly discuss and combine previous work on the Galactic Habitable Zone with the new Milky Way model.

  2. Galactic orbits of selected companions of the Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajkova, A. T.; Bobylev, V. V.

    2017-09-01

    High-accuracy absolute proper motions, radial velocities, and distances have now been measured for a number of dwarf-galaxy companions of the Milky Way, making it possible to study their 3D dynamics. Galactic orbits for 11 such galaxies (Fornax, Sagittarius, Ursa Minor, LMC, SMC, Sculptor, Sextans, Carina, Draco, Leo I, Leo II) have been derived using two previously refined models for the Galactic potential with the Navarro-Frenk-White and Allen-Santillán expressions for the potential of the dark-matter halo, and two different masses for the Galaxy within 200 kpc—0.75 × 1012 M ⊙ and 1.45 × 1012 M ⊙. The character of the orbits of most of these galaxies indicates that they are tightly gravitationally bound to the Milky Way, even with the lower-mass model for the gravitational potential. One exception is the most distant galaxy in the list, Leo I, whose orbit demonstrates that it is only weakly gravitationally bound, even using the higher-mass model of the gravitational potential.

  3. Media life of the young

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westlund, Oscar; Bjur, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    This is a thorough investigation into contemporary young people and their media life. The article conceptualizes a typology of media life, drawing on a theoretical body involving the sociology of generations, life course research, media life and individualization. This empirically derived typology...... makes a strong instrument for an understanding of the media life of the young, furnishing insights into how they have constructed their use of media. The investigation is based on a robust national survey with Swedes born 1994–2001, conducted in 2010, and focusing on four media: television, gaming......, the Internet and mobile devices. Two of the findings are particularly surprising. Firstly, the results reveal that the young generally lead heterogeneous media lives, varying with age and sex. Secondly, although some young people literarily live their life in media, there are also de facto young who live...

  4. Symmetrical freedom quilts: the ethnomathematics of ways of communication, liberation, and art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton Rosa

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Symmetrical Freedom Quilts may be considered as links between mathematics, history, ethnomathematics,and the art of quilting. A quilt theme is a pedagogical way to integrate mathematics, art, and history in an interdisciplinary approach. This article combines an ethnomathematical-historical perspective by elaborating a history project related to the Underground Railroad. This work will allow teachers to develop classroom projects that help students to better understand geometry, especially concepts of symmetry and transformations. One of the objectives of this project is to stimulate student’s creativity and interest, because quilts may be considered as cultural and mathematical expressions of student’s daily life.

  5. Symmetrical freedom quilts: the ethnomathematics of ways of communication, liberation, and art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton Rosa

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Symmetrical Freedom Quilts may be considered as links between mathematics, history, ethnomathematics, and the art of quilting. A quilt theme is a pedagogical way to integrate mathematics, art, and history in an interdisciplinary approach. This article combines an ethnomathematical-historical perspective by elaborating a history project related to the Underground Railroad. This work will allow teachers to develop classroom projects that help students to better understand geometry, especially concepts of symmetry and transformations. One of the objectives of this project is to stimulate student's creativity and interest, because quilts may be considered as cultural and mathematical expressions of student's daily life.

  6. Life Quality of Hemodialysis Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noorallah Tahery

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Patients with chronic and advanced kidney failure undergo hemodialysis treatment and because of various drug therapies have basic problems in their life style which affects their psychosocial operation. The purpose of this study was to determine the hemodialysis patients’ quality of life in Abadan and Khorramshahr in 2011. Methods: This is a cross - sectional study in which all patients (80 cases referring to Abadan and Khorramshahr hemodialysis clinics completed a questionnaire which included two sections of demographic data and kidney diseases quality of life (KDQOL. Data analysis was done using SPSS-17 software and statistical tests such as ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Independent T test were used. Results: The mean score of life quality of the participants was 47.22 ± 8.82 which indicates their low quality of life. Result showed that between quality of life and age (P = 0.04 & r = 0.5 and ESRD patience period (P=0.03 & r= 0.23, there exists a statistically significant relationship. A positive and significant association was also observed between education and quality of life (p= 0.003 and between income level and quality of life (P<0.0001. Conclusion: Life quality of Hemodialysis patients is low and authorities need to provide these patients with more social support and see into their welfare.

  7. Lab on a Chip LCVR Polarimeter for Exploration of Life Signatures Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Life on Earth is unique in many ways; one of its great mysteries is that all the biomolecules of Earth's life are chiral and one optical isomer of each amino acid or...

  8. Quality of Life Philosophy I. Quality of Life, Happiness, and Meaning in Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Søren Ventegodt

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In the Danish Quality of Life Survey, we asked 10,000 people about their quality of life with the validated SEQOL questionnaire with more than 300 questions on their quality of life. How did they feel? How content were they with their lives? How happy were they? Did they feel their needs were fulfilled? And many more questions. We asked the questions we believed to be important for their quality of life (QOL. The results were quite surprising and forced us to recontemplate the following philosophical questions: What is quality of life, happiness, and meaning in life? What is a human being? Do we need a new biology? Is the brain the seat of consciousness? How do we seize the meaning of life and by doing so, will we become well again? What are the key concepts of quality of life? The meaning of life is connectedness and development. It is about realizing every opportunity and potential in one’s existence. The opportunities must be found and acknowledged. What do you find when you find yourself deep down? You find your real self and your purpose in life. You realize that you are already a part of a larger totality. Antonovsky called it “coherence”. Maslow called it “transcendence”. Frankl called it “meaning of life”. We call it simply “being”.To test if these philosophical questions are actually relevant for medicine, we looked at the consequences for patients being taught the quality of life philosophy. Quite surprisingly we learned from our pilot studies with “quality of life as medicine” that just by assimilating the basic concepts of the quality of life philosophy presented in this series of papers, patients felt better and saw their lives as more meaningful. The improvement of the patient’s personal philosophy of life seems to be the essence of holistic medicine, helping the patient to assume more responsibility for his or her own existence.

  9. Whiting 1: Confirmation of its accretion by the Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carballo-Bello, Julio A.; Corral-Santana, Jesús M.; Martínez-Delgado, David; Sollima, Antonio; Muñoz, Ricardo R.; Duffau, Sonia; Catelan, Márcio

    2017-09-01

    We investigate the association of Whiting 1 with the Sagittarius tidal stream by obtaining radial velocities for a sample of 101 stars observed with VIMOS. Our results reveal the presence of a component of the Sagittarius tidal stream with a radial velocity - and distance - compatible with that of the globular cluster. Therefore, we conclude that Whiting1 was formed in the interior of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy and later accreted by the Milky Way. In addition, our data also reveal the detection for the first time of an ancient wrap of the Sagittarius tidal stream along the same line-of-sight and at the same heliocentric distance.

  10. Deep NIR Photometry of HI Galaxies Behind the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Wendy L; Kraan-Korteweg, Renee C

    2011-01-01

    Current studies of the peculiar velocity flow field in the Local Universe are limited by the lack of detection of galaxies behind the Milky Way. The contribution of the largely unknown mass distribution in this "Zone of Avoidance" (ZoA) to the dynamics of the Local group remains contraversial. We have undertaken a near infrared (NIR) survey of HI detected galaxies in the ZoA. The photomety derived here will be used in the NIR Tully-Fisher (TF) relation to derive the peculiar velocities of this sample of galaxies in the ZoA.

  11. Life Cycle of Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    In this stunning picture of the giant galactic nebula NGC 3603, the crisp resolution of NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captures various stages of the life cycle of stars in one single view. To the upper left of center is the evolved blue supergiant called Sher 25. The star has a unique circumstellar ring of glowing gas that is a galactic twin to the famous ring around the supernova 1987A. The grayish-bluish color of the ring and the bipolar outflows (blobs to the upper right and lower left of the star) indicates the presence of processed (chemically enriched) material. Near the center of the view is a so-called starburst cluster dominated by young, hot Wolf-Rayet stars and early O-type stars. A torrent of ionizing radiation and fast stellar winds from these massive stars has blown a large cavity around the cluster. The most spectacular evidence for the interaction of ionizing radiation with cold molecular-hydrogen cloud material are the giant gaseous pillars to the right of the cluster. These pillars are sculptured by the same physical processes as the famous pillars Hubble photographed in the M16 Eagle Nebula. Dark clouds at the upper right are so-called Bok globules, which are probably in an earlier stage of star formation. To the lower left of the cluster are two compact, tadpole-shaped emission nebulae. Similar structures were found by Hubble in Orion, and have been interpreted as gas and dust evaporation from possibly protoplanetary disks (proplyds). This true-color picture was taken on March 5, 1999 with the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2.

  12. A Construction Way of MAS Based on Organization Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Bo; FEI Qi; CHEN Xue-guang

    2002-01-01

    With emphasizing that the integration of autonomy and coordination is the basis for constructing multi-agent systems (MAS), we analyze the organizational characters inherent with MAS and point out that it's a natural and essential way to construct MAS based on organization theory. We consider that the emphasis of the theory is the process of system analyzing. Then we present an analysis frame to expound the process, which includes the process of organization definition, the process of role definition, the process of organizational structure definition and the process of interaction protocol definition. Lastly, we discuss some issues associated with the processes of system design and implementation.

  13. Ways of intensifying liquid dispersion in gas flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazarov, V. G.

    Ways of intensifying liquid dispersion in gas flow are examined with a view to increasing the efficiency of the existing atomizing nozzles. It is noted that the most economical method of dispersion intensification, without using any additional power, is the excitation of auto-oscillations in liquid and gas flows. Several methods of generating auto-oscillations in commonly used centrifugal nozzles are discussed. Other developments include the spraying of viscous and contaminated fluids in a field of forced pressure, velocity, and vorticity fluctuations, and also gas saturation of liquids prior to spraying in nozzles with porous elements.

  14. Different Ways of Thinking about Street Networks and Spatial Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Bin

    2014-01-01

    Street networks, as one of the oldest infrastructures of transport in the world, play a significant role in modernization, sustainable development, and human daily activities in both ancient and modern times. Although street networks have been well studied in a variety of engineering and scientific disciplines, including for instance transport, geography, urban planning, economics, and even physics, our understanding of street networks in terms of their structure and dynamics remains limited, especially when dealing with such real-world problems as traffic jams, pollution, and human evacuations for disaster management. One goal of this special issue is to promote different ways of thinking about understanding street networks, and of conducting spatial analysis.

  15. ADVERSE REACTIONS TO VACCINES AND WAYS OF ITS PREVENTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelyseyeva I. V

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The overview concerns allergic reaction on vaccines and possible ways of increasing safety of immunization on basis of use of local specific immunotherapies (SIT experience, particularly the sublingual route. The use of chemically altered allergens, allergoids; alternative routes of administration, particularly the sublingual route; use of novel adjuvants, such as CpG oligonucleotides and mycobacterial vaccines; other approaches, such as allergenic peptides, relevant T-cell epitope peptide immunotherapy; DNA vaccination, recombinant and engineered allergens, chimeric molecules and combined therapy are all approaches that have yielded positive results to increase safety of SIT and improve its efficacy.

  16. Peirce, pragmatism, and the right way of thinking.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, Philip LaRoche

    2011-08-01

    This report is a summary of and commentary on (a) the seven lectures that C. S. Peirce presented in 1903 on pragmatism and (b) a commentary by P. A. Turrisi, both of which are included in Pragmatism as a Principle and Method of Right Thinking: The 1903 Harvard Lectures on Pragmatism, edited by Turrisi [13]. Peirce is known as the founder of the philosophy of pragmatism and these lectures, given near the end of his life, represent his mature thoughts on the philosophy. Peirce's decomposition of thinking into abduction, deduction, and induction is among the important points in the lectures.

  17. Life Assessment and Life Extension of an Aircraft Wheel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Aghaie-Khafri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of heat treatment and shot peening on the fatigue life of an aluminum aircraft wheel was studied. The effect of residual stress and heat treatment on the fatigue of specimens was studied by means of fatigue testing, residual stress measurement, and fractography. Finite element simulation was used for life assessment and evaluation of the effect of surface treatments on the life extension of the aircraft wheel. The results obtained show that the operational life of the aircraft wheel extended by imposed compressive residual stress and aging treatment.

  18. Density and metallicity of the Milky-Way circumgalactic gas

    CERN Document Server

    Troitsky, Sergey

    2016-01-01

    The halo of the Milky-Way circumgalactic gas extends up to the virial radius of the Galaxy, ~250 kpc. The halo properties may be deduced from X-ray spectroscopic observations and from studies of the ram-pressure stripping of satellite dwarf galaxies. The former method is more precise but its results depend crucially on the assumed metallicity of the circumgalactic gas; the latter one does not need these assumptions. Here, the information from both approaches is combined to constrain observationally the gas metallicity and density as functions of the galactocentric distance. It is demonstrated that the metallicity decreases in the outer parts of the extended halo.

  19. Lab on a Chip LCVR Polarimeter for Exploration of Life Signatures Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Life on Earth is unique in many ways; one of its great mysteries is that the building blocks of life on Earth (amino acids, nucleotides, sugars) are all chiral. One...

  20. Forgiving is a way of healing: Theological approximations1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geiko Müller-Fahrenholz

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available By interpreing a contemporary forgiveness story this article seeks to provide a fresh understanding of the classical penitenial theology in "non-religious" terms (D Bonhoeffer. The "exegesis" of the story shows that forgiveness is a process of truthful encounter with the burdens of the past and of mutual liberaion both for the perpetrator and for the vicim in asmuch as it enables both sides to move beyond the bondage of past guilt and traumaization. Restitution and compensaion are seen as an indispensable element in such a process, with the emphasis being not so much on "repairing" the past than on "preparing" a more just and harmonious way forward.

  1. Quality of life: An overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Veenhoven (Ruut)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ The term “quality of life” serves as a catchword for different notions of the good life. It is used in fact to denote a set of qualities of life, which can be ordered on the basis of the following two distinctions. One distinction is between opportunities for a good lif

  2. Ways of farming and ways of thinking: do farmers' mental models of the landscape relate to their land management practices?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carole Vuillot

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency of the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy in mitigating the negative effects of agricultural intensification on the landscape and biodiversity is increasingly being questioned. Enhancing a reciprocal understanding of various stakeholders' mental models of agro-social-ecosystems has been proposed to trigger changes in both policy design and farmers' behaviors. However, the relationship between farmers' mental models and practices is rarely considered. Here, we explore the relationship between farmers' individual mental models (IMMs of the agricultural landscape and their land management practices. To do so, we developed a theoretical and methodological framework grounded in cognitive psychology and farming system research for eliciting and comparing IMMs and land management practices. We applied this framework in the Coteaux de Gascogne territory, a hilly crop-livestock region in southern France. We identified groups of farmers according to their cropland and semi-natural habitat management practices. The results of our quantitative and qualitative comparisons of mental models between farmer groups showed that the way of farming partly relates to farmers' ways of thinking about the landscape and highlighted the heterogeneity of IMMs between and within farmer groups. We found evidence that path-dependent factors that constrain farmers' practices can modify their mental models, e.g., the role of agricultural machinery. Our study illustrates how an interdisciplinary framework coupling mental models and farming systems approaches provides an opportunity to enhance our understanding of the relationships between farmers' world views and their practices. Moreover, our results challenge current ways of thinking and designing biodiversity conservation policies in farmed landscapes.

  3. Half Life - The divided life of Bruno Maximovitch Pontecorvo

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    When Bruno Pontecorvo fled to the USSR at the height of the Cold War in 1950, half way through his life, the British Government, MI5 and FBI tried to portray him as scientifically insignificant, and to imply that his disappearance posed no threat to the West. In reality Pontecorvo was already one of the leading experts in nuclear physics, and recently declassified papers reveal that a prime agenda of FBI and MI5 was to cover up their errors. . During his time in the USSR he made major contributions to physics, and justified the sobriquet: "Mr Neutrino". This talk will reveal the background to his sudden flight, and also evaluate his work in theoretical physics in the aftermath of his arrival in Dubna. Previously secret documents now show that he proposed the concept of associated production before Gell Mann and Pais, and he had an idea to discover the neutrino at a reactor. He may be considered the father of neutrino astronomy with his successful prediction that neutrinos from a supernova could be detected, b...

  4. Life Cycle of a Pencil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeske, Mike

    2000-01-01

    Explains a project called "Life Cycle of a Pencil" which was developed by the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Describes the life cycle of a pencil in stages starting from the first stage of design to the sixth stage of product disposal. (YDS)

  5. Getting out of harm's way - evacuation from tsunamis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jeanne M.; Wood, Nathan J.; Gordon, Leslie C.

    2015-01-01

    Scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have developed a new mapping tool, the Pedestrian Evacuation Analyst, for use by researchers and emergency managers to estimate how long it would take for someone to travel on foot out of a tsunami-hazard zone. The ArcGIS software extension, released in September 2014, allows the user to create maps showing travel times out of hazard zones and to determine the number of people that may or may not have enough time to evacuate. The maps take into account the elevation changes and the different types of land cover that a person would encounter along the way.

  6. Blighted Spaces and the Politics of Everyday Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available While a great deal is known about the demographic and historical trends that shape the built environment of American cities, much less is known about the politics of everyday life among residents who continue to live in postindustrial neighborhoods. This study seeks to compensate for the current gaps in academic research by conducting spatially informed ethnography in a North Philadelphia community. Specifically, the study will explore the issue of urban "blight" from a cultural geography perspective, primarily by looking at the ways in which "blighted" spaces shape everyday life, and everyday life in turn shapes and produces the spatial environment. In response to these concerns, my study poses the questions: What would it mean to focus on the ways in which human agency, imagination, and subjectivity are shaped by "blighted" geographical locations? What would it mean to pay ethnographic attention to how subjects in given historical conditions are shaped by "blighted" spaces, as well as how they respond to these spaces in culturally specific ways? By incorporating critical interdisciplinary approaches, this study offers a new way of looking at the various practices of daily life - including flexible, informal economic activities and post-welfare related "lifestyles" of resistance. Through the lens of spatial ethnography, the study seeks to elucidate the ways in which postindustrial space interacts with culture, poverty and addiction; as well as the ways in which users continue to appropriate postindustrial spaces in culturally meaningful ways under the aegis of the semi-welfare state.

  7. One-Way Multishape-Memory Effect and Tunable Two-Way Shape Memory Effect of Ionomer Poly(ethylene-co-methacrylic acid).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Lu; Li, Guoqiang

    2016-06-15

    Reversible elongation by cooling and contraction by heating, without the need for repeated programming, is well-known as the two-way shape-memory effect (2W-SME). This behavior is contrary to the common physics-contraction when cooling and expansion when heating. Materials with such behavior may find many applications in real life, such as self-sufficient grippers, fastening devices, optical gratings, soft actuators, and sealant. Here, it is shown that ionomer Surlyn 8940, a 50-year old polymer, exhibits both one-way multishape-memory effects and tunable two-way reversible actuation. The required external tensile stress to trigger the tunable 2W-SME is very low when randomly jumping the temperatures within the melting transition window. With a proper one-time programming, "true" 2W-SME (i.e., 2W-SME without the need for an external tensile load) is also achieved. A long training process is not needed to trigger the tunable 2W-SME. Instead, a proper one-time tensile programming is sufficient to trigger repeated and tunable 2W-SME. Because the 2W-SME of the ionomer Surlyn is driven by the thermally reversible network, here crystallization and melting transitions of the semicrystalline poly(ethylene-co-methacrylic acid), it is believed that a class of thermally reversible polymers should also exhibit tunable 2W-SMEs.

  8. Nanofibers Offer Alternative Ways to the Treatment of Skin Infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. D. J. Heunis

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Injury to the skin causes a breach in the protective layer surrounding the body. Many pathogens are resistant to antibiotics, rendering conventional treatment less effective. This led to the use of alternative antimicrobial compounds, such as silver ions, in skin treatment. In this review nanofibers, and the incorporation of natural antimicrobial compounds in these scaffolds, are discussed as an alternative way to control skin infections. Electrospinning as a technique to prepare nanofibers is discussed. The possibility of using these structures as drug delivery systems is investigated.

  9. My Way-China's First School of Oil Painting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGHONG

    2005-01-01

    THIS group of 16 people,the oldest 47 and the youngest 37, includes a professor, an armyman,an art editor, and an art director. It started with just a few people getting together for picnics, and perhaps a game of football, after which they would relax in an open-air setting and exchange personal views on art. With the passing of time,these gatherings became more formalized. A common passion for art eventually prompted those in the group to set up My Way - Beijing Culture and Art Exchange Center,

  10. End of Life (Hospice Care)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Lifestyle End of life Hospice care might be an option if you or a loved one has a terminal illness. Understand how hospice care ... care is for people who are nearing the end of life. Hospice care services are provided by a team of health ...

  11. The Luminosity Function of the Milky Way Satellites

    CERN Document Server

    Koposov, S; Evans, N W; Hewett, P C; Irwin, M J; Gilmore, G; Zucker, D B; Rix, H -W; Fellhauer, M; Bell, E F; Glushkova, E V

    2007-01-01

    We quantify the algorithmic detectability of stellar Milky Way satellites in data release 5 (DR5) of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), and use this to estimate the luminosity function of faint satellite galaxies in our halo. We develop a satellite detection algorithm based on the convolution of the DR5 star catalog with a kernel of zero net flux that is the difference of a narrow positive Gaussian and a much wider negative Gaussian, which removes the background star-count level. This permits us to assess the significance of any (positive) detection in terms of deviations of this map. The efficiency of this algorithm is tested by computing the recovery rate of a large set of mock objects added to SDSS DR5 as a function of their luminosity, size and distance from the Sun. Most of the recent Milky Way satellite discoveries, made by SDSS, are shown to lie very close to the survey's detection limits. Calculating the maximum accessible volume $V_{max}$ for all faint detected objects makes it possible for the fir...

  12. NATURAL WAYS OF MOVING AS BASIS OF MOTORICAL DEVELOPMENT WITH KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bećir Šabotić

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowdays, the physical culture has become like an existing need for people.in everyday life people most often use the natural ways of moving like walking and running. The natural ways of moving are given and defined by the nature itself, anatomic-physiological and even phychological factors. Besides natural ways there are constructed ways which are more complex and which are taken out from the natural ones. The first thing, child does when is born, is to turn around, climb up, walk, run, jump, climb up the trees, throw, carry etc. These are the basic ways of moving that will say of natural moving. The natural ways of moving are used in PE in kinderkarten as we; as in the earlier grades in primary schools. They represent: - Spontaneous or conscious, forcable or free changes of mechanical state (condition and place human body or just some of his particular parts in the space out of it. - They are accomplished with the complex physical-chemical process of change (circulation of matter and energy inside the body, as well as between it and outer environment. Everyday moving is in the function existing, working-productive or devensively appropriate: we walk to come to a certain place, came and runaway, rising hand to reach for something, to give or take smthing etc. The aim of moves and moving in the physical exercises is consciously pointed on the inner physical changes and physical development of the organism.That is why the walking, which is used as a physical exercise, has no longer the purpose to the cariovascular and respiratoric system, strenghtening of the leg muscles etc.The natural ways of moving, as it appears in all domestic and foreign researches, with these children, effect very positevly on the development of bone system, cardiovascular, breathing device, muscular system and even on the positive development of organs and the whole organism. That is why these ways of moving are very much represented at this agethrough the elementary games

  13. Impact of Anxiety on Quality of Life in Parkinson's Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristine K. Hanna

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In Parkinson's disease (PD, both the patient and the health care provider look for ways to preserve the patient's quality of life. Many studies focus on the impact of depression and motor disability on poor life quality but neglect to examine the role of anxiety. We investigated the impact of anxiety and depression on health-related quality of life in PD, using the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life measure (PDQ-39. Symptoms of anxiety, more than depression, cognitive status, or motor stage, significantly affected quality of life in 38 nondemented patients with mild-to-moderate motor disability. Stepwise regression analyses revealed that anxiety explained 29% of the variance in the PDQ-39 sum score, and depression explained 10% of the variance beyond that accounted for by anxiety. The findings suggest that primary management of anxiety as well as depression may be important to optimizing the quality of life of PD patients.

  14. PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICE WAY OF CONNECTING PEDAGOGICAL THEORY AND PRACTICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božo Obradović

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of linking educational theory to educational practice (educational work with young people is highly topical and important issue for the science of pedagogy. One way of achieving this task is a pedagogical practice (PP students. In paper we deal with identifying, comparing, and analyzing the curricula of vocational (Curriculum for Preschool Teacher (2007 and academic (Curriculum for Educators (2007. Studies Teacher Training in Serbia, as well as educational disciplines and areas of pedagogical science derived from them. The results showed many similarities, but also differences when it comes to educational disciplines that are taught, the name of pedagogical practice, the number of classes to implement, ECTS (European Credit Transfer System, which affect the quality and coherence of educational theory and educational practice. In order to identify similarities and overcome weaknesses that accompany the pedagogical practice analysis, we came to know about the specifics of each of the six pedagogical practice. For each pedagogical practice defined specific goals and tasks arising from the curriculum, and in particular pedagogical disciplines taught at university. Each of these pedagogical practices is the ability to connect educational theory and educational practice and direct way to increase the quality of training and competence of future teachers for direct work with children.

  15. Asteroseismology of Stellar Populations in the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Eggenberger, Patrick; Girardi, Léo; Montalbán, Josefina

    2015-01-01

    The detection of radial and non-radial solar-like oscillations in thousands of G-K giants with CoRoT and Kepler is paving the road for detailed studies of stellar populations in the Galaxy. The available average seismic constraints allow largely model-independent determination of stellar radii and masses, and can be used to determine the position and age of thousands of stars in different regions of the Milky Way, and of giants belonging to open clusters. Such a close connection between stellar evolution, Galactic evolution, and asteroseismology opens a new very promising gate in our understanding of stars and galaxies.  This book represents a natural progression from the collection of review papers presented in the book 'Red Giants as Probes of the Structure and Evolution of the Milky Way', which appeared in the  Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings series in 2012. This sequel volume contains review papers on spectroscopy, seismology of red giants, open questions in Galactic astrophysics, and discu...

  16. DILETTANTE JOURNALISM AS A WAY OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pochkay, Е.P.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, dilettante online journalism is completely institutionalized as a part of the information space, along with the professional journalism system, and its role in the reality’s media support constantly grows. The article examines the motives which make Internet users turn to the dilettante journalism. Desire for self-actualization is considered as the key motive. Self-affirmation, self-designation, self-presentation categories are outlined, which all together and each in its own way involve a nonprofessional author in the process of creating a media product.

  17. Chemical evolution of the Milky Way and its Satellites

    CERN Document Server

    Matteucci, Francesca

    2008-01-01

    This paper contains the lectures I delivered during the 37th Saas-Fee Advanced Course in March 2007. It reviews all the main ingredients necessary to build galactic chemical evolution models with particular attention to the Milky Way and the dwarf spheroidals of the Local Group. Both analytical and numerical models are discussed. Model results are compared to observations in order to infer constraints on stellar nucleosynthesis and on the formation and evolution of galaxies.Particular attention is devoted to interpret abundance ratios in galaxies with different star formation histories. Finally, the cosmic chemical evolution is discussed

  18. IMPROVEMENT OF WAYS OF FRUIT TREES WATER SUPPLY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gegechkori B. S.

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, fruit trees are subjected to influence of abiotic stress-factors. The reaction of fruit plants on the influence of media plays an important role. Experiments were conducted in two (Northern and Central fruit zones of the Krasnodar region since 2013 to 2015, there was shown the possibility of application of hydroabsorbents as a stable source of water supply of fruit trees in specific natural conditions of the South of Russia in the conditions of field experiment. There were shown the peculiarities of technological ways of water supply of fruit trees in specific natural conditions of the south of Russia. There was determined that the necessity in watering of a garden’s plots with the use of hydroabsorbents Ecogel-1 and Ecogel-2 with the supporting of soil’s moisture in 80% in Northern zone in the end of May, in central fruit zone in the middle of May. There was proven that the application of hydroabsorbents Ecogel-1 and Ecogel-2 guarantees the stable water supply in limits of 75-80% from NV since planting in apple-trees of varieties of Renet Simirenko and Golden Delicious grafted on the stock M9 and planted on the scheme 4,0 х 1,0 м during three years. The work of the system of “soil-roots-leaves” independently on weather and soil conditions is provided

  19. Sulfur acidic mining lakes in Germany: ways of controlling geogenic acidification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klapper, H.; Schultze, M. [UFZ GmbH Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle, Magdeburg (Germany). Section of Inland Water Research

    1997-12-31

    The main cause of the sulphurous acidity found in about 100 mining lakes in eastern Germany is oxidation of pyrite from surface lignite mining. Methods for neutralization of these lakes into well functioning ecosystems are described, in particular, water pollution abatement and the related problems of salinization, contamination, eutrophication, saprobization, and infection. The chemical characteristics and life conditions of the acidic environment and acidification control are discussed. Several ways to foster alkalinity production by microbial processes are outlined. 25 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  20. Ways of thinking: from crows to children and back again.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Nicola S

    2015-01-01

    This article reviews some of the recent work on the remarkable cognitive capacities of food-caching corvids. The focus will be on their ability to think about other minds and other times, and tool-using tests of physical problem solving. Research on developmental cognition suggests that young children do not pass similar tests until they are at least four years of age in the case of the social cognition experiments, and eight years of age in the case of the tasks that tap into physical cognition. This developmental trajectory seems surprising. Intuitively, one might have thought that the social and planning tasks required more complex forms of cognitive process, namely Mental Time Travel and Theory of Mind. Perhaps the fact that children pass these tasks earlier than the physical problem-solving tasks is a reflection of cultural influences. Future research will hope to identify these cognitive milestones by starting to develop tasks that might go some way towards understanding the mechanisms underlying these abilities in both children and corvids, to explore similarities and differences in their ways of thinking.

  1. The Satelittes of the Milky Way: The Great Pancake

    CERN Document Server

    Libeskind, N I; Cole, S; Helly, J C; Jenkins, A; Navarro, J F; Power, C; Libeskind, Noam I; Frenk, Carlos S; Cole, Shaun; Helly, John C; Jenkins, Adrian; Navarro, Julio F; Power, Chris

    2005-01-01

    The 11 known satellite galaxies within 250 kpc of the Milky Way lie close to a great circle on the sky. We use high resolution N-body simulations of galactic dark matter halos to test if this remarkable property can be understood within the context of the cold dark matter cosmology. We construct halo merger trees from the simulations and use a semianalytic model to follow the formation of satellite galaxies. We find that in all 6 of our simulations, the 11 brightest satellites are indeed distributed along thin, disk-like structures analogous to that traced by the Milky Way's satellites. This is in sharp contrast to the overall distributions of dark matter in the halo and of subhalos within it which, although triaxial, are not highly aspherical. We find that the spatial distribution of satellites is significantly different from that of the most massive subhalos but is similar to that of the subset of subhalos that had the most massive progenitors at earlier times. The elongated disk-like structure delineated b...

  2. Mapping the stellar structure of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    de Jong, Jelte T A; Rix, Hans-Walter; Dolphin, Andrew E; Martin, Nicolas F; Beers, Timothy C

    2009-01-01

    We map the stellar structure of the Galaxy by applying color-magnitude diagram (CMD) fitting to photometric data from the SEGUE survey allowing, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of Milky Way structure at both high and low latitudes using uniform SDSS photometry. The advantage of CMD fitting is that it incorporates photometry of all relevant stars simultaneously, bypassing the need to choose single tracer populations. Using three template stellar populations we obtain a sparse 3-D map of the stellar mass distribution. Fitting a smooth Milky Way model, comprised of exponential thin and thick disks and an axisymmetric power-law halo, allows us to constrain the structural parameters of the thick disk and halo. The thick disk scale height and length of such models are well constrained at 0.75+-0.07 kpc and 4.1+-0.4 kpc, respectively. We find a stellar halo flattening within ~25 kpc of c/a=0.88+-0.03 and a power-law index of 2.75+-0.07. The model fits yield densities at the solar location of rho_{thick,...

  3. Wild Beasts of Still Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Debra

    2007-01-01

    This article describes a project with a transformative approach to color theory and still life. Students' use of an arbitrary color scheme can open their eyes, push their creativity and produce exciting paintings. Ordinary still-life objects will be transformed into dramatic, vibrant visuals. The Fauve style of painting is a great art history…

  4. Physics of the Life Sciences

    CERN Document Server

    Newman, Jay

    2008-01-01

    Originally developed for the author's course at Union College, this text is designed for life science students who need to understand the connections of fundamental physics to modern biology and medicine. Almost all areas of modern life sciences integrally involve physics in both experimental techniques and in basic understanding of structure and function. Physics of the Life Sciences is not a watered-down, algebra-based engineering physics book with sections on relevant biomedical topics added as an afterthought. This authoritative and engaging text, which is designed to be covered in a two-semester course, was written with a thoroughgoing commitment to the needs and interests of life science students. Although covering most of the standard topics in introductory physics in a more or less traditional sequence, the author gives added weight and space to concepts and applications of greater relevance to the life sciences. Students benefit from occasional sidebars using calculus to derive fundamental relations,...

  5. Titan as the Abode of Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher P. McKay

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Titan is the only world we know, other than Earth, that has a liquid on its surface. It also has a thick atmosphere composed of nitrogen and methane with a thick organic haze. There are lakes, rain, and clouds of methane and ethane. Here, we address the question of carbon-based life living in Titan liquids. Photochemically produced organics, particularly acetylene, in Titan’s atmosphere could be a source of biological energy when reacted with atmospheric hydrogen. Light levels on the surface of Titan are more than adequate for photosynthesis, but the biochemical limitations due to the few elements available in the environment may lead only to simple ecosystems that only consume atmospheric nutrients. Life on Titan may make use of the trace metals and other inorganic elements produced by meteorites as they ablate in its atmosphere. It is conceivable that H2O molecules on Titan could be used in a biochemistry that is rooted in hydrogen bonds in a way that metals are used in enzymes by life on Earth. Previous theoretical work has shown possible membrane structures, azotosomes, in Titan liquids, azotosomes, composed of small organic nitrogen compounds, such as acrylonitrile. The search for a plausible information molecule for life in Titan liquids remains an open research topic—polyethers have been considered and shown to be insoluble at Titan temperatures. Possible search strategies for life on Titan include looking for unusual concentrations of certain molecules reflecting biological selection. Homochirality is a special and powerful example of such biology selection. Environmentally, a depletion of hydrogen in the lower atmosphere may be a sign of metabolism. A discovery of life in liquid methane and ethane would be our first compelling indication that the universe is full of diverse and wondrous life forms.

  6. Temporal analysis of social networks using three-way DEDICOM.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bader, Brett William; Harshman, Richard A. (University of Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada); Kolda, Tamara Gibson (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA)

    2006-06-01

    DEDICOM is an algebraic model for analyzing intrinsically asymmetric relationships, such as the balance of trade among nations or the flow of information among organizations or individuals. It provides information on latent components in the data that can be regarded as ''properties'' or ''aspects'' of the objects, and it finds a few patterns that can be combined to describe many relationships among these components. When we apply this technique to adjacency matrices arising from directed graphs, we obtain a smaller graph that gives an idealized description of its patterns. Three-way DEDICOM is a higher-order extension of the model that has certain uniqueness properties. It allows for a third mode of the data, such as time, and permits the analysis of semantic graphs. We present an improved algorithm for computing three-way DEDICOM on sparse data and demonstrate it by applying it to the adjacency tensor of a semantic graph with time-labeled edges. Our application uses the Enron email corpus, from which we construct a semantic graph corresponding to email exchanges among Enron personnel over a series of 44 months. Meaningful patterns are recovered in which the representation of asymmetries adds insight into the social networks at Enron.

  7. A Way of Conceptualizing Benzodiazepines to Guide Clinical Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preskorn, Sheldon H

    2015-11-01

    Benzodiazepines are medications that are widely used for a number of different therapeutic indications and in a wide range of patients in terms of age and health status. Presented here is a simple 2 by 2 way of classifying all of the most commonly used benzodiazepines. This conceptualization is based on the most clinically relevant ways of differentiating these drugs: (a) their affinity for their common and predominant mechanism of action, the benzodiazepine-binding site of the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-A iontropic receptor (ie, the chloride ion channel); and (b) their pharmacokinetics (ie, their half-lives and metabolism). The science underlying this conceptualization is presented and then its clinical applicability is discussed. This system can help clinicians select the most appropriate benzodiazepine for their patients and better understand how to switch between these medications to minimize withdrawal symptoms; it also provides a rational basis for cautiously using these agents in combination when necessary, in a manner analogous to the combined use of short-acting and long-acting forms of insulin.

  8. The local spiral structure of the Milky Way.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ye; Reid, Mark; Dame, Thomas; Menten, Karl; Sakai, Nobuyuki; Li, Jingjing; Brunthaler, Andreas; Moscadelli, Luca; Zhang, Bo; Zheng, Xingwu

    2016-09-01

    The nature of the spiral structure of the Milky Way has long been debated. Only in the last decade have astronomers been able to accurately measure distances to a substantial number of high-mass star-forming regions, the classic tracers of spiral structure in galaxies. We report distance measurements at radio wavelengths using the Very Long Baseline Array for eight regions of massive star formation near the Local spiral arm of the Milky Way. Combined with previous measurements, these observations reveal that the Local Arm is larger than previously thought, and both its pitch angle and star formation rate are comparable to those of the Galaxy's major spiral arms, such as Sagittarius and Perseus. Toward the constellation Cygnus, sources in the Local Arm extend for a great distance along our line of sight and roughly along the solar orbit. Because of this orientation, these sources cluster both on the sky and in velocity to form the complex and long enigmatic Cygnus X region. We also identify a spur that branches between the Local and Sagittarius spiral arms.

  9. The tangential velocity excess of the Milky Way satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cautun, Marius; Frenk, Carlos S.

    2017-06-01

    We estimate the systemic orbital kinematics of the Milky Way classical satellites and compare them with predictions from the Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) model derived from a semi-analytical galaxy formation model applied to high-resolution cosmological N-body simulations. We find that the Galactic satellite system is atypical of ΛCDM systems. The subset of 10 Galactic satellites with proper motion measurements has a velocity anisotropy, β = -2.2 ± 0.4, which lies in the 2.9 per cent tail of the ΛCDM distribution. Individually, the Milky Way satellites have radial velocities that are lower than expected for their proper motions, with 9 out of the 10 having at most 20 per cent of their orbital kinetic energy invested in radial motion. Such extreme values are expected in only 1.5 per cent of ΛCDM satellites systems. In the standard cosmological model, this tangential motion excess is unrelated to the existence of a Galactic 'disc of satellites'. We present theoretical predictions for larger satellite samples that may become available as more proper motion measurements are obtained.

  10. The local spiral structure of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Xu, Ye; Dame, Thomas; Menten, Karl; Sakai, Nobuyuki; Li, Jingjing; Brunthaler, Andreas; Moscadelli, Luca; Zhang, Bo; Zheng, Xingwu

    2016-01-01

    The nature of the spiral structure of the Milky Way has long been debated. Only in the last decade have astronomers been able to accurately measure distances to a substantial number of high-mass star-forming regions, the classic tracers of spiral structure in galaxies. We report distance measurements at radio wavelengths using the Very Long Baseline Array for eight regions of massive star formation near the Local spiral arm of the Milky Way. Combined with previous measurements, these observations reveal that the Local Arm is larger than previously thought, and both its pitch angle and star formation rate are comparable to those of the Galaxy's major spiral arms, such as Sagittarius and Perseus. Toward the constellation Cygnus, sources in the Local Arm extend for a great distance along our line of sight and roughly along the solar orbit. Because of this orientation, these sources cluster both on the sky and in velocity to form the complex and long enigmatic Cygnus X region. We also identify a spur that branche...

  11. Harassment among school children and new ways of violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman D. Pautasso

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is intended to collect some results of the several studies that have been made concerning Bullying and Harassment among boys and girls who attend basic education institutions in the central part of Santa Cruz province, in Argentina. It encloses theoretical framework about the problem of bullying and violence among children at school. It presents information about the region, some common aggressive behaviors as well as different ways and places in which those violent habits might be produced, according to children. Describes school populations suffering from such practices and analyzes some differences from school years, gender and zonal characteristics. It also shows samples of Victimization Rate and General Aggression Rate got in the area. Open to further discussion, this work provides certain description about some bullying phenomenon in the area, such as the case of the “Round-up Effect”, produced by the lack of anonymity in barely populated places. This article presents new emerging issues in the research field, like the appearance of new ways of violence, related to digital communication technologies such as instant messaging, e-mail, chat, blog, photoblog and social networks. To conclude, it offers some ideas about the construction of Early Warning Devices and Early Intervention Devices.

  12. The Age of the Milky Way Inner Halo

    CERN Document Server

    Kalirai, Jason

    2012-01-01

    The Milky Way galaxy is observed to have multiple components with distinct properties, such as the bulge, disk, and halo. Unraveling the assembly history of these populations provides a powerful test to the theory of galaxy formation and evolution, but is often restricted due to difficulties in measuring accurate stellar ages for low mass, hydrogen-burning stars. Unlike these progenitors, the "cinders" of stellar evolution, white dwarf stars, are remarkably simple objects and their fundamental properties can be measured with little ambiguity from spectroscopy. Here I report observations of newly formed white dwarf stars in the halo of the Milky Way, and a separate analysis of archival data on white dwarfs in the well-studied 12.5 billion year old globular cluster Messier 4. From this, I measure the mass distribution of the remnants and invert the stellar evolution process to develop a new relation that links this final stellar mass to the mass of their immediate progenitors, and therefore to the age of the pa...

  13. Mass Distribution and Gravitational Potential of the Milky Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ninković, Slobodan

    2017-04-01

    Models of mass distribution in the Milky Way are discussed where those yielding the potential analytically are preferred. It is noted that there are three main contributors to the Milky Way potential: bulge, disc and dark halo. In the case of the disc the Miyamoto-Nagai formula, as simple enough, has shown as a very good solution, but it has not been able to satisfy all requirements. Therefore, improvements, such as adding new terms or combining several Miyamoto-Nagai terms, have been attempted. Unlike the disc, in studying the bulge and dark halo the flattening is usually neglected, which offers the possibility of obtaining an exact solution of the Poisson equation. It is emphasized that the Hernquist formula, used very often for the bulge potential, is a special case of another formula and the properties of that formula are analysed. In the case of the dark halo, the slopes of its cumulative mass for the inner and outer parts are explained through a new formalism presented here for the first time.

  14. Effects of Tides on Milky Way Dwarf Satellite Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Mei-Yu; Strigari, Louis; Fattahi, Azadeh; Frenk, Carlos S.; Cooper, Andrew; Lovell, Mark; Navarro, Julio F.; Sawala, Till; Zentner, Andrew

    2017-01-01

    Using detailed observations of the Local Group to study wide-ranging questions in galaxy formation and dark matter physics - has become a rich field over the past decade. In this talk, I will present frameworks that address some of these questions by combining high-precision stellar kinematic measurements with state-of-art cosmological hydrodynamical N-body simulations. I will demonstrate that the properties of dark matter subhalo of individual satellite galaxies implied by stellar kinematic data can be linked to the galaxy evolution mechanisms such as infall time and the gravitational tidal interaction with Milky Way potential. In the cold dark matter (CDM) scenario, some dwarf galaxies explicitly require to be shaped under significant gravitational tidal forces, which will leave imprints on their stellar distribution and kinematics. I will discuss how these features could serve as a test to the nature of dark matter or stellar feedback strength. I will also discuss how we can study the tidally “disturbed” or even “destroyed” satellite galaxies as building blocks to our Milky Way stellar halo by understanding the properties of their progenitors and observation limit imposed by current and future surveys.

  15. Multiple ways of belonging in a multicultural city.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sujoldzić, Anita

    2009-12-01

    The focus of the present study is on the interdependence of language and urban identity set within the framework of theory of practice and the concept of the right to the city. It is concerned with the formation of local identities in the context of a multicultural city of Pula, in the Croatian region of Istria, characterized by a substantial presence of immigrant and ethnic minority groups. The paper explores to what extent the image of the city, with its spatial and social structure, as well as socio-economic and historic context determines discourse on multicultural interactions as well as the ways those images shape a sense of identity, and how these identities are affected by interpersonal and inter-group communication. By looking into factors and processes through which different dimensions of identity become salient, specific attention is given to how power relations influence the dynamics of identity negotiation and the re/articulation of potential hierarchy of differences.

  16. The observed spiral structure of the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Hou, L G

    2014-01-01

    The spiral structure of the Milky Way is not yet well determined. The keys to understanding this structure are to increase the number of reliable spiral tracers and to determine their distances as accurately as possible. HII regions, giant molecular clouds (GMCs), and 6.7-GHz methanol masers are closely related to high mass star formation, and hence they are excellent spiral tracers. We update the catalogs of Galactic HII regions, GMCs, and 6.7-GHz methanol masers, and then outline the spiral structure of the Milky Way. We collected data for more than 2500 known HII regions, 1300 GMCs, and 900 6.7-GHz methanol masers. If the photometric or trigonometric distance was not yet available, we determined the kinematic distance using a Galaxy rotation curve with the current IAU standard, $R_0$ = 8.5 kpc and $\\Theta_0$ = 220 km s$^{-1}$, and the most recent updated values of $R_0$ = 8.3 kpc and $\\Theta_0$ = 239 km s$^{-1}$, after we modified the velocities of tracers with the adopted solar motions. With the weight fa...

  17. Mass Extinction And The Structure Of The Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Filipović, M D; Crawford, E J; Tothill, N F H

    2013-01-01

    We use the most up to date Milky Way model and solar orbit data in order to test the hypothesis that the Sun's galactic spiral arm crossings cause mass extinction events on Earth. To do this, we created a new model of the Milky Way's spiral arms by combining a large quantity of data from several surveys. We then combined this model with a recently derived solution for the solar orbit to determine the timing of the Sun's historical passages through the Galaxy's spiral arms. Our new model was designed with a symmetrical appearance, with the major alteration being the addition of a spur at the far side of the Galaxy. A correlation was found between the times at which the Sun crosses the spiral arms and six known mass extinction events. Furthermore, we identify five additional historical mass extinction events that might be explained by the motion of the Sun around our Galaxy. These five additional significant drops in marine genera that we find include significant reductions in diversity at 415, 322, 300, 145 an...

  18. Cosmological simulations of Milky Way-sized galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Colin, Pedro; Roca-Fabrega, Santi; Valenzuela, Octavio

    2016-01-01

    We introduce a new set of eight Milky Way-sized cosmological simulations performed using the AMR code ART + Hydrodynamics in a LCDM cosmology. The set of zoom-in simulations covers present-day virial masses in the 0.83-1.56 x 10^12 msun range and is carried out with our simple but effective deterministic star formation (SF) and ``explosive' stellar feedback prescriptions. The work is focused on showing the goodness of the simulated set of ``field' Milky Way-sized galaxies. Our results are as follows. (a) The circular velocity curves of our simulated galaxies are nearly flat. (b) Runs ending with a significant disk component, for their stellar masses, have V_max, radius, SF rate, gas fraction, and specific angular momentum values consistent with observations of late-type galaxies. (C) The two most spheroid-dominated galaxies formed in halos with late active merger histories, but other run that ends also as spheroid-dominated, never had major mergers. (d) Our simulations are consistent with the empirical stella...

  19. SANOTCENTRIC HEALTH STRATEGY: DIRECT WAY TO HEALTH OF THE POPULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. L. Apanasenko

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the fundamental position of the essence of life and health as a manifestation of the transformation of solar energy into other forms of energy (thermal, mechanical, electrical, etc.. It is alleged that the efficiency of intracellular energy production as an expression of mitochondrial function (the final stage of the transformation of solar energy is a measure of the body's resistance to internal and external negative influences. There is a level of energy production above which neither endogenous risk factors, nor the disease are registered. It was given quantitative characteristic named «safe level of health». It is postulated (in addition to the «sickness industry» - the Ministry of Health institutions the need to form the «health industry», based on the preservation and improvement of energy potential biosystems.

  20. Hannelore Wass: Insights Into Creative Teaching and Other Ways of Knowing When Facing Aging and Mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertman, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    Art is about freeze framing life and making it available for contemplation. This article describes creative strategies for teaching meaning-making and critical thinking through the use of imagery and the visual arts and how they have been influenced by the wisdom and guidance of Dr. Hannelore Wass. Dr. Wass's passion for encouraging death educators to explore "other ways of knowing" is reflected in the connections between visual imagery and topics such as caregiving, aging, self-care, and professional boundaries. The group known as Women in Thanatology as a mechanism for professional mentoring and support is described, including Dr. Wass's role in its history and evolution.