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Sample records for wai-fah chen lian

  1. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...... been the first to write children’s literature. In 1914 she was among the first group of women to gain a Boxer Indemnity grant to study in America. The reiteration of these many “firsts” has led to a rather stereotypical portrait of Chen Hengzhe in Chinese sources and, as a result, in most Western...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China...

  2. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    been the first to write children’s literature. In 1914 she was among the first group of women to gain a Boxer Indemnity grant to study in America. The reiteration of these many “firsts” has led to a rather stereotypical portrait of Chen Hengzhe in Chinese sources and, as a result, in most Western...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China...

  3. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...

  4. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China......; they speak to important questions in China today. This study, then, is not a biography of a person; it is an attempt to understand the way in which foreign influences (narratives of being, organizing, thinking, writing) seep into a person’s life and work and meld with the “home” influences (narratives...

  5. Chen Hengzhe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimpel, Denise

    Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have......; they speak to important questions in China today. This study, then, is not a biography of a person; it is an attempt to understand the way in which foreign influences (narratives of being, organizing, thinking, writing) seep into a person’s life and work and meld with the “home” influences (narratives...

  6. [Zhu Lian's contribution to international communication of acupuncture-moxibustion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bing; Zhang, Li-jian; Zhang, Shou-xin; Li, Su-yun

    2014-09-01

    ZHU Lian is the founder of international communication of acupuncture-moxibustion after establishment of New China. This article discussed ZHU Lian's great deal of pioneering work and historic contributions from the aspects of acupuncture-moxibustion treatments for foreign people, international training and communication, and the international influence of Xin Zhenjiu Xue. Our research showed that ZHU Lian's early work didn't only enlarge acupuncture's worldwide influence and spreading pace, especially in Soviet Union, India and Korea, but also accumulated precious experiences for each subject of Chinese medicine attending into international medical care and academic communication in the future.

  7. Translations of Poems by Yang Lian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Lee

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Biographical note on Yang Lian Yang Lian grew up in Beijing and began to establish his credentials as a poet from 1979. His early collections in China include Ritualisation of the Soul (1985, Desolate Soul (1986, Yellow (1989 and his long poem Yi that was first published under the title Sun and Man (1991. His poetry began to appear in English translations by John Minford, Sean Golden and Alisa Joyce in the Hong Kong translation magazine Renditions (1983 and 1985. He travelled to Australia in 1988, and then to New Zealand in 1989. After the June 4 events in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, he sought and obtained New Zealand citizenship. In 1991 he relocated to London where he now lives. His poems, essays and criticism have been collected in Yang Lian’s Works, 1982–1997 (1998 in two volumes and amounting to over 1000 pages, and in Yang Lian’s New Works, 1998-2002 (2003. Yang Lian’s major collections in English include: Masks and Crocodile (1990, The Dead in Exile (1990 and Yi (2002, translated by Mabel Lee; Non-Person Singular (1996, Where the Sea Stands Still (1999, Notes of a Blissful Ghost (2002, Concentric Circles (2005, translated by Brian Holton; and Unreal City: A Chinese Poet in Auckland (2006, translated by Jacob Edmond and Hilary Chung. Selections of his poems have been translated in over thirty languages, and have enabled him to travel regularly to literary festivals all over the world. In 1999 he won the Flaiano International Prize for Poetry.

  8. [ZHU Lian's New Acupuncture Academic System and acupuncture science initialization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shujian; Zhang, Lijian

    2015-11-01

    Acupuncture scientization was a consensus of most of acupuncture scholars who had long-term perspectives in the 20th century, among them Ms. ZHULian was the important one. Ms. ZHU Lian built a systemic new acupuncture" academic structure in practice and theory aspects. At the same time, as the main architect of Institute of Acupuncture-moxibustion of China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ms. ZHU Lian was the first one who began to carry out the acupuncture clinical trail and laboratory experiment in modern way, which meant "acupuncture therapy" was transformed into "acupuncture science" by Ms. ZHULian's endeavor.

  9. Chen Li: China's elder psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blowers, G H

    1998-01-01

    Chen Li is one of a small group of psychologists in China who trained abroad early in their careers, returned to teach and do research, and continued doing so into later life beyond normal retirement age. His contacts with a number of prominent psychologists in England and Germany in the 1930s, and his inadvertent position at the center of a political row in China in the 1960s, leading to the shutting down of psychology for 10 years, made him historically important. Known for his work in organizational psychology and education, he is a distinguished psychologist and educational leader. Although trained as an experimentalist, he now embraces a broader view of psychology but remains emphatic it should be applied to real-life problems.

  10. Effect of Rhizoma coptidis (Huang Lian on Treating Diabetes Mellitus

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    Bing Pang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The rapidly increasing diabetes mellitus (DM is becoming a major public health issue globally; considerable progress has been made in the field of western hypoglycemic drug and insulin, but some shortages still exist. As one of the most important parts in complementary and alternative therapies, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM performs a good clinical practice and is showing a bright future in the treatment of DM. TCM therapy has certain advantages of less toxicity and/or side effects, and Chinese herbal medicine which usually contains various active ingredients could provide multiple therapeutic effects. Huang Lian (Rhizoma coptidis, RC is a herb frequently used in many traditional formulas for properties of “clearing damp-heat, quenching fire, and counteracting poison” in Asia for centuries. In this review, we summarize the application of RC in the treatment of DM from two aspects of contents. Firstly, theoretical principles are explained, including the properties and related records about RC in ancient references and modern pharmacological researches and pharmacokinetics on RC and its active components. Secondly, the clinical application of RC is mainly reviewed, such as applicable stage and syndrome, the reasonable dose range, the preparation formulations, and the toxicity and/or side effects and solutions to its adverse actions. This review provides scientific evidence about the effective components, pharmacological researches, and toxicity of RC, as well as introducing traditional Chinese medical theory and clinical experience, in order to guide clinician to use RC more suitably and reasonably in the clinical practice.

  11. Pharmacognostical Studies on the Crude Drugs of Orchidaceae from Taiwan (VI) : On "Kim-soan-lian"(金線連) (1)

    OpenAIRE

    CHUN-CHING, LIN; TSUNEO, NAMBA; Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University

    1981-01-01

    "Kim-soan-lian" (金線連), the most precious folk remedy in Taiwan, has been used for lung disease, pleurodynia, abdomen-pain, fever, hypertension and snake-bite. It is found that there are many kinds of "Kim-soan-lian" on the Taiwan market. To clarify their origins, histological studies were made. From the characteristics of the external and internal structures of the materials, it was found that "Kim-soan-lian" is derived from the entire plant or aerial part of the following species: (1) Anoect...

  12. [Zhu Lian's cognition on theory and method of acupuncture and moxibustion under background of western medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Su-yun; Zhang, Li-jian; Liu, Bing

    2014-11-01

    With new acupuncture and moxibustion as the study object, based on the basic composition of acupuncture-moxibustion theory, from 3 aspects of meridian-acupoint theory, acupuncture-moxibustion method theory and acupuncture-moxibustion treatment theory, under the background of western medicine, ZHU Lian's different opinions on theory and method of acupuncture and moxibustion were discussed. It was believed by ZHU Lian that the distribution of 14-meridians was approximately identical to that of nerves, so with modern neuroanatomy knowledge to understand the meaning of acupoint; the acupuncture function could be explained from the angle of neurophysiology. Clinical diagnosis and treatment method could be established by modern classification methods of diseases. ZHU Lian's cognition that was different from traditional theory and method of acupuncture and moxibustion was combined with updated physiology and anatomy knowledge at that time, and was involved with Pavlov's advanced nerve theory, so she firstly put forward the opinion that acupuncture therapy can't work without the involvement of cerebral cortex.

  13. Stability analysis of distributed order fractional chen system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aminikhah, H; Refahi Sheikhani, A; Rezazadeh, H

    2013-01-01

    We first investigate sufficient and necessary conditions of stability of nonlinear distributed order fractional system and then we generalize the integer-order Chen system into the distributed order fractional domain. Based on the asymptotic stability theory of nonlinear distributed order fractional systems, the stability of distributed order fractional Chen system is discussed. In addition, we have found that chaos exists in the double fractional order Chen system. Numerical solutions are used to verify the analytical results.

  14. Antioxidant activities of seed extracts from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The heartwood or root of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen is an important traditional Chinese medicine. Antioxidant activities of seed extracts from D. odorifera T. Chen were first investigated in this study. Ethanolic extracts were suspended in distilled water and partitioned successively with petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, ...

  15. Consistent Yokoya-Chen Approximation to Beamstrahlung(LCC-0010)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peskin, M

    2004-04-22

    I reconsider the Yokoya-Chen approximate evolution equation for beamstrahlung and modify it slightly to generate simple, consistent analytical approximations for the electron and photon energy spectra. I compare these approximations to previous ones, and to simulation data.I reconsider the Yokoya-Chen approximate evolution equation for beamstrahlung and modify it slightly to generate simple, consistent analytical approximations for the electron and photon energy spectra. I compare these approximations to previous ones, and to simulation data.

  16. Chen's attractor exists if Lorenz repulsor exists: The Chen system is a special case of the Lorenz system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algaba, Antonio; Fernández-Sánchez, Fernando; Merino, Manuel; Rodríguez-Luis, Alejandro J.

    2013-09-01

    In this paper, we show, by means of a linear scaling in time and coordinates, that the Chen system, given by ẋ=a(y-x), ẏ=(c-a)x+cy-xz, ż=-bz+xy, is, generically (c ≠0), a special case of the Lorenz system. First, we infer that it is enough to consider two parameters to study its dynamics. Furthermore, we prove that there exists a homothetic transformation between the Chen and the Lorenz systems and, accordingly, all the dynamical behavior exhibited by the Chen system is present in the Lorenz system (since the former is a special case of the second). We illustrate our results relating Hopf bifurcations, periodic orbits, invariant surfaces, and chaotic attractors of both systems. Since there has been a large literature that has ignored this equivalence, the aim of this paper is to review and clarify this field. Unfortunately, a lot of the previous papers on the Chen system are unnecessary or incorrect.

  17. Discussion on manufacturing techniques of Chen Zhang Pot

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    Fan Taofeng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Chen Zhang Pot, made in the late Warring States period is an openwork bronze pot with gold and silver inlay. It was identified as a first-class historical relic of the nation by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage in 2001. To explore its manufacturing techniques, XRF, CT and X-Ray photograph microscopic observation were adopted for the non-destructive examination of the Chen Zhang Pot. The analysis data show that many parts of the Chen Zhang Pot were cast separately, and then assembled. It also shows that the composition proportion of each part of the Chen Zhang Pot is different; and the bronze color, hardness and tensile strength are different for each alloy proportion. A variety of decoration techniques were adopted in the manufacturing process, which make the color more diverse and gorgeous. The openwork decoration is the most complex part of the pot, and the gold and silver decoration technique also represents the high level manufacturing technology in the Warring States period. In summary, the Chen Zhang Pot is a unique art treasure, and as a specimen it allows us to study the bronze casting technology in the Warring States period.

  18. The age grading and the Chen-Ruan cup product

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    A. Hepworth, Richard

    2010-01-01

    We prove that the obstruction bundle used to define the cup-product in Chen-Ruan cohomology is determined by the so-called `age grading' or `degree-shifting numbers'. Indeed, the obstruction bundle can be directly computed using the age grading. We obtain a Kunneth Theorem for Chen-Ruan cohomology...... as a direct consequence of an elementary property of the age grading, and explain how several other results - including associativity of the cup-product - can be proved in a similar way....

  19. Neural networks-based operational prototype for flash flood forecasting: application to Liane flash floods (France

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    Bertin Dominique

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Liane River is a small costal river, famous for its floods, which can affect the city of Boulogne-sur-Mer. Due to the complexity of land cover and hydrologic processes, a black-box non-linear modelling was chosen using neural networks. The multilayer perceptron model, known for its property of universal approximation is thus chosen. Four models were designed, each one for one forecasting horizon using rainfall forecasts: 24h, 12h, 6h, 3h. The desired output of the model is original: it represents the maximal value of the water level respectively 24h, 12h, 6h, 3h ahead. Working with best forecasts of rain (the observed ones during the event in the past, on the major flood of the database in test set, the model provides excellent forecasts. Nash criteria calculated for the four lead times are 0.98 (3h, 0.97 (6h, 0.91 (12h, 0.89 (24h. Designed models were thus estimated as efficient enough to be implemented in a specific tool devoted to real time operational use. The software tool is described hereafter: designed in Java, it presents a friendly interface allowing applying various scenarios of future rainfalls, and a graphical visualization of the predicted maximum water levels and their associated real time observed values.

  20. Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control for Hyper Chaotic Chen System

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    SARAILOO, M.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a fuzzy sliding mode control method is proposed for stabilizing hyper chaotic Chen system. The main objective of the control scheme is to stabilize unstable equilibrium point of the system by controlling the states of the system so that they converge to a pre-defined sliding surface and remain on it. A fuzzy control technique is also utilized in order to overcome the main disadvantage of sliding mode control methods, i.e. chattering problem. It is shown that the equilibrium point of the system is stabilized by using the proposed method. A stability analysis is also performed to prove that the states of the system converge to the sliding surface and remain on it. Simulations show that the control method can be effectively applied to Chen system when it performs hyper chaotic behavior.

  1. Goldie Roth unchained: risk and its management in Lian Tanner’s Museum of Thieves

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    Wood, Danielle

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In her children’s action adventure novel Museum of Thieves, Lian Tanner overtly critiques adult risk-aversion and the over-protection of children. The protagonist is Goldie, an unruly child who escapes the oppressive regime of the City of Jewel where children up to the age of 12 are chained, for their own safety, to adult companions. Goldie escapes Jewel’s power structures and enters a mysterious museum housing the city’s unwanted wildness and danger. In its opening chapter Museum of Thieves establishes a subversive schema that problematises concepts of safety and order and glorifies chaos and risk, but this paper argues that as the novel progresses the author finds the schema increasingly difficult to control. It is tempting to read the museum as a “time out” zone such as CS Lewis’s Narnia, L Frank Baum’s Oz, and Maurice Sendak’s “place where the wild things are”: a space in which child characters can gain self-knowledge and skills before returning to an adult-dominated order. However, because of the degree to which Jewel and its structures are pathologised, Tanner finds she cannot bring Goldie back from “time out”. But rather than being a transgressive text, Museum of Thieves ends in a much less subversive place than it sets out to reach; the museum is revealed as a tightly controlled space and Goldie is well-protected, both within the diegesis by the museum’s special features, and beyond the diegesis by the author and the author’s cognisance of contemporary publishing industry expectations about the depiction of risk in children’s fiction.

  2. Beschichtung hochwertiger Karosserieoberflächen mit Pulver-Slurry

    OpenAIRE

    Weckerle, Gero

    2003-01-01

    Die Beschichtung von Karosserieaußenflächen erfolgt heute vorwiegend durch elektrostatisch unterstützte Hochrotationszerstäuber (ESTA-HR) an Lackierautomaten, die zunehmend durch Lackierroboter ersetzt werden. Dieser technologische Wandel basiert auf den Qualitäts- und Kostenvorteilen, die sich beim Einsatz der Roboter ergeben. So kann beispielsweise durch die höhere Flexibilität der Bewegung die Zahl der erforderlichen Zerstäuber pro Lackierzone deutlich reduziert werden. Um dennoch die gefo...

  3. Woman Survival in Chinese Feudal Patrilineal Society: An Analysis of Song Lian's Destiny in Qi Qie Chenqun By Su Tong

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    Xuc Lin

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article depicted woman’s difficulties in maintaining her life as well as her aggressiveness in the patrilineal society in Chinese feudal time. Article analyzed Song Lian’s bad fate. She was the main character of qi qie chenqun novel, written by Su Tong. Article analysis consisted of three parts. The first part described Song Lian’s background of life and her becoming a mistress. The second part indicated Song Lian’s attacking behavior to other woman because of defending her life. His third part analyzed some causes that made Song Lian did not survive in life. It can be concluded that the fact, Song Lian is able to be survive but she decides to be a mistress caused by both personal and o social reasons. Song Lian’s attacking other woman is caused by her anger representing her unsuccessful life. Principally, Song Lian’s failure in the feudal life is caused by her unsuccessful in becoming a respected woman. If she had been a respected woman, she would have also competed with other women in achieving a better life.      

  4. In Search of Chin Identity. A Study in Religion, Politics and Ethnic Identity in Burma, Lian H. Sakhong

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    François Robinne

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Les Chin, groupe tibéto-birman de Birmanie, ont le privilège d’avoir fait l’objet de publications de référence aux différentes époques de leur histoire mouvementée. On doit aux administrateurs britanniques quelques monographies de référence sur lesquelles s’appuie pour beaucoup l’auteur. Après la Seconde guerre mondiale et l’indépendance de Birmanie, F.K. Lehman publia, dans la ligne de Edmund Leach, un ouvrage qui continue de faire autorité. L’étude de Lian Sakhong, ancien Secrétaire général...

  5. How Memory Is Tested Influences What Is Measured: Reply to Wyble and Chen (2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swallow, Khena M.; Jiang, Yuhong V.; Tan, Deborah H.

    2017-01-01

    In this response to Wyble and Chen's (2017) commentary on attribute amnesia, we hope to achieve several goals. First, we clarify how our view diverges from that described by Wyble and Chen. We argue that because the surprise memory test is disruptive, it is an insensitive tool for measuring the persistence of recently attended target attributes in…

  6. Review of the genus Neotetricodes Zhang et Chen (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae) with description of two new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Zhi-Min; Yang, Lin; Zhang, Zheng-Guang; Chen, Xiang-Sheng

    2015-12-11

    Two new species of the issid genus Neotetricodes Zhang et Chen (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae): Neotetricodes longispinus Chang et Chen sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) and Neotetricodes xiphoideus Chang et Chen sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) are described and illustrated. The generic characteristic is redefined. A checklist and key to the species of the genus are provided. The female genitalia of the genus are firstly described.

  7. Compositions, Formation Mechanism, and Neuroprotective Effect of Compound Precipitation from the Traditional Chinese Prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang

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    Chenze Zhang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Compounds in the form of precipitation (CFP are universally formed during the decocting of Chinese prescriptions, such as Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT. The formation rate of HLJDT CFP even reached 2.63% ± 0.20%. The identification by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MSn proved that the main chemical substances of HLJDT CFP are baicalin and berberine, which is coincident with the theory that the CFP might derive from interaction between acidic and basic compounds. To investigate the formation mechanism of HLJDT CFP, baicalin and berberine were selected to synthesize a simulated precipitation and then the baicalin–berberine complex was obtained. Results indicated that the melting point of the complex interposed between baicalin and berberine, and the UV absorption, was different from the mother material. In addition, 1H-NMR integral and high-resolution mass spectroscopy (HR-MS can validate that the binding ratio was 1:1. Compared with baicalin, the chemical shifts of H and C on glucuronide had undergone significant changes by 1H-, 13C-NMR, which proved that electron transfer occurred between the carboxylic proton and the lone pair of electrons on the N atom. Both HLJDT CFP and the baicalin–berberine complex showed protective effects against cobalt chloride-induced neurotoxicity in differentiated PC12 cells. It is a novel idea, studying the material foundation of CFP in Chinese prescriptions.

  8. Protective Effects of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang against Polymicrobial Sepsis Induced by Cecal Ligation and Puncture in Rats

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    Yufen Wei

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT is a traditional formula that has long been used for treatment of inflammatory diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine. In this study, we examined its protective effect against sepsis in an experimental septic model induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP in rats. The results demonstrated that prophylactic administration of HLJDT protected rats from CLP-induced lethality and ameliorated CLP-induced liver and lung injury. HLJDT treatment suppressed the production of proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6, and IL-17A, indicating HLJDT could limit excessive inflammatory responses in septic condition. In addition, HLJDT facilitated bacterial clearance by increasing phagocytic activities of peritoneal macrophages. Furthermore, HLJDT treatment reversed CLP-induced suppression of IFN-γ expression and blocked CLP-induced increase in IL-4 expression in spleens of rats at 24 h after CLP, indicating that HLJDT could reverse the shift from Th1 to Th2 response and promote Th1/Th2 balance toward Th1 predominance in septic rats. Moreover, HLJDT also inhibited the expression of IL-17A and ROR-γt in spleens of septic rats, indicating HLJDT is able to inhibit Th17 activation in septic condition. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated the protective effects of HLJDT against sepsis and highlighted the potential of HLJDT as a medication for septic patients.

  9. Perfil das publicações sobre a prática do Lian Gong na área da saúde

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    Adenusca Suérica Alencar de Sousa

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available O Lian Gong (LG é uma técnica tradicional chinesa composta por exercícios corporais que buscam treinar o corpo restaurando sua vitalidade. Pelas suas especificidades e considerando que, atualmente, tem-se investido em práticas alternativas para a manutenção da saúde de grupos populacionais. Assim objetivou-se analisar na produção científica nacional e internacional a aplicabilidade do LG na área da saúde. Para tanto, foi realizada uma investigação de caráter exploratório bibliográfico, a partir do método de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, partindo-se da definição do tema e da pergunta norteadora, seguido por seleção das bases de dados (Scientific Eletronic Library, Banco de Dados de Enfermagem, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde e outras; posteriormente foram elencados os critérios de inclusão e exclusão e após obtenção dos artigos, estes foram analisados e categorizados. A amostra foi composta por oito artigos os quais contemplaram duas categorias: Os efeitos da prática do LG na qualidade de vida dos grupos praticantes; e Reflexões sobre a aplicabilidade do LG na prevenção de distúrbios osteomusculares no universo laboral. O ano de 2013 destacou-se com o maior número de publicações, sendo a aplicabilidade da prática mais constante na população idosa, o que demonstrou considerável melhora na qualidade de vida deste grupo populacional em crescimento.Profile of publications on the practice of Lian Gong in healthAbstract: Lian Gong is a traditional Chinese technique consisting of physical exercises that seek to train the body restore its vitality. Due to its specificities and considering that currently has invested in alternative practices for maintaining the health of populations, aimed with this article analyze the national and international scientific production, the applicability of Lian Gong in 18 therapies in the area of health. For this purpose, a bibliographic

  10. Sociology in Times of Crisis: Chen Da, National Salvation and the Indigenization of Knowledge

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    Ana Maria Candela

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Chen Da was one of the foremost sociologists of China from the 1920s to the 1940s. His intellectual habitus took shape from the long crisis that defined Chinese intellectual life from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries, a period of continuous imperial assault on Chinese sovereignty. As China integrated into the capitalist world-system, neo-Confucian structures of knowledge came into question. Intellectuals took up sociology to guide China’s transition from an empire to a nation-state. Through his studies on labor, migration, and population, Chen Da contributed to the institutionalization of sociology in China. Chen sought to craft a theory of Chinese development that followed universal trajectories of progress but was also attuned to the complexity of Chinese society on the ground. Through his efforts to indigenize sociology, Chen developed a non-Marxist historical materialism, a deterritorialized and pluralistic conceptualization of China as a nation, and a theory of eugenic transformation centered on the concept of “mode of living.” The questions which Chen Da confronted are emblematic of the predicament faced by Chinese social scientists today, who again struggle with the dynamics of a deterritorialzied “Greater China,” rising social fragmentation, and refigured eugenic discourses and policies that aim to craft the Chinese people into ideal national subjects fit for post-socialist development.

  11. Secure Communication Based on Hyperchaotic Chen System with Time-Delay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Hai-Peng; Bai, Chao; Huang, Zhan-Zhan; Grebogi, Celso

    An experimental secure communication method based on the Chen system with time-delay is being proposed in this paper. The Chen system with time-delay is an infinite-dimensional system having more than one positive Lyapunov exponent. The message to be transmitted is encrypted using an hyperchaotic signal generated by the Chen system with time-delay and multishift cipher function. This encryption makes difficult for an eavesdropper to reconstruct the attractor by using time-delay embedding techniques, return map reconstruction, or spectral analysis, consequently, improving the security. Simulations and experiments on TI TMS320C6713 Digital Signal Processor (DSP) show improved resilience against attack and the feasibility of the proposed scheme.

  12. Chen Ning Yang’s New Contributions After He Returned to Where He Started

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    Zhu, Bang-Fen

    2018-01-01

    Chen Ning Yang returned to Tsinghua University as a full professor in 2003. Regarding the fact that very few people know what Professor Yang has contributed to science and to China after his return, in this article new contributions of Chen Ning Yang are introduced as far as the author knows, including his leading role in China’s sciences, the research in statistical physics, the role in cultivating gifted students, his research in history of science, and all other aspects relating to China’s developments.

  13. The effects of lian gong in hypertensives attended a family healthcare unit in the city of Parnaíba, Piauí

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    Elce de Seixas Nascimento

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To understand the effects of Lian Gong in hypertensive users of Family Health Unity. Methods: A descriptive qualitative study, involving 20 volunteers, regardless of gender, aged 45 to 70 years residing in the city of Parnaíba-PI, Brazil. The intervention was performed in quiet and noise-free environment, from August to September 2011, three times per week, with a total of 30 sessions. We used the tool Focus Group at the beginning and end of the intervention. We applied the technique of thematic analysis of the Collective Subject Discourse (CSD using three methodological approaches: main idea, key expressions and CSD. Basic statistics operations were used (percentages to quantify the lines. Results: Before the intervention, the group reported having hypertension perceived by the manifestation of physical symptoms and / or psychic symptoms based on the diagnosis and treatment rejection, revealing a superficial level of knowledge or misinformation about the disease. After the intervention, improvement in physical and emotional symptoms, social relationships and family was reported, as well as the difficulty of changing habits, which can be alleviated with the interdisciplinary support and continuation of exercise. Final Thoughts: The practice of Lian Gong was effective for improving the physical and emotional state of hypertensive patients and may be an adjuvant therapy to control hypertension in primary health care.

  14. A Network Pharmacology Approach to Determine Active Compounds and Action Mechanisms of Ge-Gen-Qin-Lian Decoction for Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huiying Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM herbal formulae can be valuable therapeutic strategies and drug discovery resources. However, the active ingredients and action mechanisms of most TCM formulae remain unclear. Therefore, the identification of potent ingredients and their actions is a major challenge in TCM research. In this study, we used a network pharmacology approach we previously developed to help determine the potential antidiabetic ingredients from the traditional Ge-Gen-Qin-Lian decoction (GGQLD formula. We predicted the target profiles of all available GGQLD ingredients to infer the active ingredients by clustering the target profile of ingredients with FDA-approved antidiabetic drugs. We also applied network target analysis to evaluate the links between herbal ingredients and pharmacological actions to help explain the action mechanisms of GGQLD. According to the predicted results, we confirmed that a novel antidiabetic ingredient from Puerariae Lobatae radix (Ge-Gen, 4-Hydroxymephenytoin, increased the insulin secretion in RIN-5F cells and improved insulin resistance in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The network pharmacology strategy used here provided a powerful means for identifying bioactive ingredients and mechanisms of action for TCM herbal formulae, including Ge-Gen-Qin-Lian decoction.

  15. Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Analysis on Inflammation Rat Model after Oral Administration of Huang Lian Jie Du Decoction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Wei; Zuo, Ran; Wang, Yao-Nan; Wang, Hong-Jie; Yang, Jian; Xin, Shao-Kun; Han, Ling-Yu; Zhao, Hai-Yu; Han, Shu-Yan; Gao, Bo; Hu, Hao; Hu, Yuan-Jia; Bian, Bao-Lin; Si, Nan

    2016-01-01

    Huang-Lian-Jie-Du Decoction (HLJDD) is a classical Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formula with heat-dissipating and detoxifying effects. It is used to treat inflammation-associated diseases. However, no systematic pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) data concerning the activity of HLJDD under inflammatory conditions is available to date. In the present study, the concentration-time profiles and the hepatic clearance rates (HCR) of 41 major components in rat plasma in response to the oral administration of a clinical dose of HLJDD were investigated by LC-QqQ-MS using a dynamic multiple reaction monitoring (DMRM) method. Additionally, the levels of 7 cytokines (CKs) in the plasma and the body temperature of rats were analyzed. Furthermore, a PK-PD model was established to describe the time course of the hemodynamic and anti-inflammatory effects of HLJDD. As one of the three major active constituents in HLJDD, iridoids were absorbed and eliminated more easily and quickly than alkaloids and flavonoids. Compared with the normal controls, the flavonoids, alkaloids and iridoids in inflamed rats exhibited consistently changing trends of PK behaviors, such as higher bioavailability, slower elimination, delays in reaching the maximum concentration (Tmax) and longer substantivity. The HCR of iridoids was different from that of alkaloids and flavonoids in inflamed rats. Furthermore, excellent pharmacodynamic effects of HLJDD were observed in inflamed rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β, IL-10, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and body temperature significantly decreased after the administration of HLJDD. Based on PK-PD modeling with the three-phase synchronous characterization of time-concentration-effect, flavonoids exhibited one mechanism of action in the anti-inflammatory process, while iridoids and alkaloids showed another mechanism of action. Taken together, the results demonstrated that HLJDD may

  16. Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Analysis on Inflammation Rat Model after Oral Administration of Huang Lian Jie Du Decoction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Ren

    Full Text Available Huang-Lian-Jie-Du Decoction (HLJDD is a classical Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM formula with heat-dissipating and detoxifying effects. It is used to treat inflammation-associated diseases. However, no systematic pharmacokinetic (PK and pharmacodynamic (PD data concerning the activity of HLJDD under inflammatory conditions is available to date. In the present study, the concentration-time profiles and the hepatic clearance rates (HCR of 41 major components in rat plasma in response to the oral administration of a clinical dose of HLJDD were investigated by LC-QqQ-MS using a dynamic multiple reaction monitoring (DMRM method. Additionally, the levels of 7 cytokines (CKs in the plasma and the body temperature of rats were analyzed. Furthermore, a PK-PD model was established to describe the time course of the hemodynamic and anti-inflammatory effects of HLJDD. As one of the three major active constituents in HLJDD, iridoids were absorbed and eliminated more easily and quickly than alkaloids and flavonoids. Compared with the normal controls, the flavonoids, alkaloids and iridoids in inflamed rats exhibited consistently changing trends of PK behaviors, such as higher bioavailability, slower elimination, delays in reaching the maximum concentration (Tmax and longer substantivity. The HCR of iridoids was different from that of alkaloids and flavonoids in inflamed rats. Furthermore, excellent pharmacodynamic effects of HLJDD were observed in inflamed rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α, interleukin-6 (IL-6, IL-1β, IL-10, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2 and body temperature significantly decreased after the administration of HLJDD. Based on PK-PD modeling with the three-phase synchronous characterization of time-concentration-effect, flavonoids exhibited one mechanism of action in the anti-inflammatory process, while iridoids and alkaloids showed another mechanism of action. Taken together, the results demonstrated that

  17. Variability of OI 090.4 ShaoMing Hu , Xu Chen & DiFu Guo

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2009-12-20

    Dec 20, 2009 ... ShaoMing Hu. ∗. , Xu Chen & DiFu Guo. School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University, Weihai,. 180 Cultural West Road, Shandong 264209, China. ∗ e-mail: husm@sdu.edu.cn. Abstract. OI 090.4 was monitored on 21 nights from 2006 to 2012 for studying the variability. Strong variations ...

  18. TEST OF THE CHEN-ROLL-ROSS MACROECONOMIC FACTOR MODEL: EVIDENCE FROM CROATIAN STOCK MARKET

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    Denis Dolinar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper empirically examines the well-known Chen-Roll-Ross model on the Croatian stock market. Modifications of definitions of the Chen-Roll-Ross model variables showed as necessary because of doubtful availability and quality of input data needed. Namely, some macroeconomic and market variables are not available in the originally defined form or do not exist. In that sense this paper gives some alternative definitions for some model variables. Also, in order to improve statistical analysis, in this paper we have modified Fama-MacBeth technique in the way that second-pass regression was substituted with panel regression analysis. Based on the two-pass regression analysis of returns of 34 Croatian stocks on 4 macroeconomic variables during the seven-and-half-year observation period the following conclusion is made. In contrast to the results of Chen, Roll and Ross (1986 for the U.S. stock market, their model is not successful when describing a risk-return relation of Croatian stocks. Nevertheless, one observed version of the Chen-RollRoss model showed certain statistical significance. Namely, two risk factors in that version of the model were statistically significant: default premium, measured as risk premium for the corporate short-term bank loan financing, and term structure premium, measured on short-run basis.

  19. Self-Representation and Cultural Expectations: Yogi Chen and Religious Practices of Life-Writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard K. Payne

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Explores the differences in self-representation as found in the autobiographical writings of Yogi Chen, Billy Graham, and the Dalai Lama. While the latter two are widely recognized in American popular religious culture, the former is virtually invisible outside the immigrant Chinese American community. This invisibility is consistent with fact that the religious praxes of immigrant communities remain largely under-studied. However, one additional factor appears to be the mismatch between the expectations of the dominant religious culture and the immigrant culture in terms of the ways in which religious leaders represent themselves. Both Billy Graham and the Dalai Lama present themselves in very humble terms, consistent with the expectations of the Pietist background to American popular religion. Yogi Chen on the contrary tends toward a self-aggrandizing style, which although consistent with the competitive nature of premodern Tibetan religious culture is not congruent with the expectations of American popular religion.

  20. Anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects and underlying mechanisms of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du extract: Implication for atopic dermatitis treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yunlong; Xian, Yanfang; Lai, Zhengquan; Loo, Steven; Chan, Wood Yee; Lin, Zhi-Xiu

    2016-06-05

    Huang-Lian-Jie-Du Decoction (HLJDD), a well-known Chinese herbal formula recorded in the Tang dynasty, is composed of Coptidis rhizoma (Huang-Lian), Scutellariae radix (Huang-Qin), Phellodendri Chinensis cortex (Huang-Bai) and Gardenia fructus (Zhi-Zi). It has clinical efficacy of purging fire for removing toxin and is commonly used for the treatment of disease including Alzheimer's disease, stroke and gastrointestinal disorders. HLJDD is also frequently applied for the treatment of various skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis (AD) and various types of eczema. The aim of this study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic actions of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du ethanolic extract (HLJDE) and to elucidate underlying molecular mechanisms of action using relevant in vitro experimental models. The anti-inflammatory effects of HLJDE were investigated through evaluating the change of nitric oxide (NO) and the production of several cytokines and chemokines in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cell line. Expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), NF-κB p65 phosphorylation, inhibitor-κBα (IκBα) degradation were further investigated to elucidate its anti-inflammatory molecular mechanisms. Meanwhile, the anti-allergic activities of HLJDE was also evaluated using antigen-induced RBL-2H3 cell line. β-hexosaminidase and histamine release and selected cytokines and chemokines were measured to evaluate the anti-allergic activities of HLJDE. In addition, intracellular Ca(2+)level, MAPKs and Lyn phosphorylation were further investigated to reveal its anti-allergic molecular mechanisms. HLJDE could significantly suppress the secretion of NO, IL-1β, IL-4, MCP-1 and GM-CSF in RAW264.7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, HLJDE also markedly reduced the phosphorylation of MAPKs, and inhibited the transcriptional activity of NF-κB and IκBα degradation. Furthermore, HLJDE exerted marked anti-allergic activity through inhibiting the

  1. Chen Jingrun, China's famous mathematician: devastated by brain injuries on the doorstep to solving a fundamental mathematical puzzle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Ting; Belykh, Evgenii; Dru, Alexander B; Yagmurlu, Kaan; Elhadi, Ali M; Nakaji, Peter; Preul, Mark C

    2016-07-01

    Chen Jingrun (1933-1996), perhaps the most prodigious mathematician of his time, focused on the field of analytical number theory. His work on Waring's problem, Legendre's conjecture, and Goldbach's conjecture led to progress in analytical number theory in the form of "Chen's Theorem," which he published in 1966 and 1973. His early life was ravaged by the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. On the verge of solving Goldbach's conjecture in 1984, Chen was struck by a bicyclist while also bicycling and suffered severe brain trauma. During his hospitalization, he was also found to have Parkinson's disease. Chen suffered another serious brain concussion after a fall only a few months after recovering from the bicycle crash. With significant deficits, he remained hospitalized for several years without making progress while receiving modern Western medical therapies. In 1988 traditional Chinese medicine experts were called in to assist with his treatment. After a year of acupuncture and oxygen therapy, Chen could control his basic bowel and bladder functions, he could walk slowly, and his swallowing and speech improved. When Chen was unable to produce complex work or finish his final work on Goldbach's conjecture, his mathematical pursuits were taken up vigorously by his dedicated students. He was able to publish Youth Math, a mathematics book that became an inspiration in Chinese education. Although he died in 1996 at the age of 63 after surviving brutal political repression, being deprived of neurological function at the very peak of his genius, and having to be supported by his wife, Chen ironically became a symbol of dedication, perseverance, and motivation to his students and associates, to Chinese youth, to a nation, and to mathematicians and scientists worldwide.

  2. Dolomitization of felsic volcaniclastic rocks in continental strata: A study from the Lower Cretaceous of the A'nan Sag in Er'lian Basin, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Shifa; Yue, Hui; Zhu, Xiaomin; Sun, Shuyang; Wei, Wei; Liu, Xin; Jia, Ye

    2017-05-01

    Dolomitization of fine-grained volcaniclastic rocks is common in the Lower Cretaceous of the A'nan Sag in the Er'lian Basin of China. Analysis of core samples shows that the organic-rich volcaniclastic rocks are mainly composed of reworked felsic volcanic materials and terrigenous clay minerals. The fine-grained volcaniclastic rocks can be divided into four types: volcaniclastic rocks without carbonatization, volcaniclastic rocks with ferroan dolomites, dolomitized and calcified volcaniclastic rocks, and calcified volcaniclastic rocks. The parent rocks of the volcaniclastic rocks have high silicon and potassium contents and low iron and magnesium contents, and are probably felsic magma of the calc-alkaline series. The average values of δ13CPDB of the carbonate minerals are about 3.13‰; the average values of δ18OPDB are about - 16.74‰. The compositions of C and O isotopes are probably influenced by bacterial methanogenesis. Iron, magnesium, and calcium are probably derived from illitization of terrigenous smectite. A model for dolomitization of felsic volcaniclastic rock is proposed, including three stages: 1) mixed sedimentation and bacterial methanogenesis ( 70 °C) and dolomitization (75 to 97 °C); and 3) dissolution. Late dissolution of authigenic carbonate minerals, creating abundant secondary pores, is significant for hydrocarbon accumulation.

  3. Treatment Effects of Ischemic Stroke by Berberine, Baicalin, and Jasminoidin from Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Decoction (HLJDD Explored by an Integrated Metabolomics Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qian Zhang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Berberine, baicalin, and jasminoidin were major active ingredients of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Decoction (HLJDD, a famous prescription of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, which has been used for the treatment of ischemic stroke. The aim of the present study was to classify their roles in the treatment effects of ischemic stroke. A rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO was constructed to mimic ischemic stroke and treatment effects of berberine, baicalin, and jasminoidin, and HLJDD was assessed by neurologic deficit scoring, infarct volume, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, biochemistry, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR, and Western blotting. In addition, the 1H NMR metabolomics approach was used to assess the metabolic profiles, which combined with correlation network analysis successfully revealed metabolic disorders in ischemic stroke concerning the treatment of the three principal compounds from HLJDD for the first time. The combined results suggested that berberine, baicalin, and jasminoidin are responsible for the effectiveness of HLJDD on the treatment of ischemic stroke by amelioration of abnormal metabolism and regulation of oxidative stress, neuron autophagy, and inflammatory response. This integrated metabolomics approach showed its potential in understanding the function of complex formulae and clarifying the role of its components in the overall treatment effects.

  4. El «Ordo Docendi» Ilustrado de Moseñor Marcos de Lianes para el seminario Conciliar de Segovia (1783

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard DUFOUR

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Resultaría ocioso, en esta revista, subrayar la importancia de los seminarios conciliares como centros docentes encargados de la educación de futuros eclesiásticos, o sea, de la élite social e intelectual que habría de formar e informar a las masas incultas. Sin embargo, situándonos en la línea de trabajos recientes —los de Antonio Viñao Frago y Cayetano Mas Galván, para el Seminario Conciliar de San Fulgencio, de Murcia, y de Luis Barbastro Gil, para el de Segorbe, que muestran claramente la relación existente entre la enseñanza dispensada en estos centros y la postura «jansenista», primero, y luego «constitucional» de sus alumnos durante el Trienio Liberal— quisiéramos llamar la atención sobre el Seminario de San Frutos y San Ildefonso, de Segovia (otro foco de jansenismo y liberalismo, cuyas constituciones, presentadas por el obispo don Alfonso Marcos de Lianes, fueron aprobadas en 1783.

  5. Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang Protects Rats from Cardiac Damages Induced by Metabolic Disorder by Improving Inflammation-Mediated Insulin Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chuan Bao; Li, Xiao Xing; Chen, Yu Guo; Gao, Hai Qing; Bu, Pei Li; Zhang, Yun; Ji, Xiao Ping

    2013-01-01

    Huang-lian-jie-du-tang (HLJDT), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown to improve insulin resistance (IR) induced by inflammation, a key event in the development of metabolic syndrome (MS). The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of HLJDT on MS and explore the underlying mechanism. MS rats were established with obese-diets and treated with normal saline, aspirin or HLJDT. The myocardial lesions were identified by echocardiogram, transmission electron microscope, and Sirius-red staining. The inflammatory cytokines were measured by ELISA and real-time PCR. The activation of NF-κB, JNK, SOCS3, IRS1 and AKT in the heart was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Compared with the controls, MS rats developed obvious obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, IR, inflammation, and cardiac damage. Moreover, phosphorylated IRS-1 at Ser307 was correlated with the activation of NF-κB, JNK and SOCS3 and the inhibition of AKT in the heart from MS rats. These data suggest that serine phosphorylation of IRS-1 in response to inflammation is mediated, in part, by NF-κB, JNK and SOCS3. Notably, HLJDT inhibited the activation of NF-κB and reduced serine phosphorylation of IRS-1. In summary, HLJDT protects myocardium from IR-mediated injury by inhibiting serine phosphorylation of IRS-1 in MS rats. PMID:23840732

  6. Explore the effects of Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang on Alzheimer's disease by UPLC-QTOF/MS-based plasma metabolomics study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Li-Min; Zhu, Bao-Jie; Cao, Hui-Ting; Zhang, Xin-Yi; Zhang, Qi-Chun; Xin, Gui-Zhong; Pan, Lin-Mei; Liu, Li-Fang; Zhu, Hua-Xu

    2018-03-20

    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with neither definitive pathogenesis nor effective treatment method so far. Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT) is a classic formula of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) proven to have ameliorative effects on learning and memory deficits of dementia. Morris water maze (MWM) test and pathology analysis have demonstrated that HLJDT could ameliorate learning and memory deficits in AD mouse model, which may act via its anti-neuroinflammation properties. According to our previous studies, an UPLC-QTOF/MS-based metabolomics approach was performed to explore the potential mechanisms of HLJDT on preventing AD. As a result, a total of 23 potential metabolites (VIP >1, |Pcorr| >0.58, CUFjk excludes 0, P < 0.05) contributing to AD progress were identified. The metabolic pathway analysis with MetPA revealed that glycerophospholipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism and tryptophan metabolism were disturbed in mouse model of AD. After HLJDT treatment, 14 metabolites were restored back to the control-like levels. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Antifungal Activity of Isoliquiritin and Its Inhibitory Effect against Peronophythora litchi Chen through a Membrane Damage Mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianjun Luo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the antifungal activity and potential antifungal mechanism(s of isoliquiritin against P. litchi Chen, one of the main litchi pathogens. The antifungal activity of isoliquiritin against P. litchi Chen had been proven in a dose-dependent manner through in vitro (mycelial growth and sporangia germination and in vivo (detached leaf tests. Results revealed that isoliquiritin exhibited significant antifungal activity against the tested pathogens, especially, P. litchi Chen, with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 27.33 mg/L. The morphology of P. litchi Chen was apparently changed by isoliquiritin through cytoplasm leakage and distortion of mycelia. The cell membrane permeability of the P. litchi Chen increased with the increasing concentration of isoliquiritin, as evidenced by a rise in relative electric conductivity and a decrease in reducing sugar contents. These results indicated that the antifungal effects of isoliquiritin could be explained by a membrane lesion mechanism causing damage to the cell membrane integrity leading to the death of mycelial cells. Taken together, isoliquiritin may be used as a natural alternative to commercial fungicides or a lead compound to develop new fungicides for the control of litchi downy blight.

  8. Minimal contact CR submanifolds in S satisfying the δ(2)-Chen equality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munteanu, Marian Ioan; Vrancken, Luc

    2014-01-01

    In his book on Pseudo-Riemannian geometry, δ-invariants and applications, B.Y. Chen introduced a sequence of curvature invariants. Each of these invariants is used to obtain a lower bound for the length of the mean curvature vector for an immersion in a real space form. A submanifold is called an ideal submanifold, for that curvature invariant, if and only if it realizes equality at every point. The first such introduced invariant is called δ(2). On the other hand, a well known notion for submanifolds of Sasakian space forms, is the notion of a contact CR-submanifold. In this paper we combine both notions and start the study of minimal contact CR-submanifolds which are δ(2) ideal. We relate this to a special class of surfaces and obtain a complete classification in arbitrary dimensions.

  9. Efficacy and safety of Lian-Ju-Gan-Mao capsules for treating the common cold with wind-heat syndrome: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shengjun; Jiang, Hongli; Yu, Qin; She, Bin; Mao, Bing

    2017-01-05

    The common cold is a common and frequent respiratory disease mainly caused by viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Chinese herbal medicine has been increasingly prescribed to treat the common cold; however, there is a lack of evidence to support the wide utility of this regimen. This protocol describes an ongoing phase II randomized controlled clinical trial, based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), with the objective of evaluating the efficacy and safety of Lian-Ju-Gan-Mao capsules (LJGMC), a Chinese patent medicine, compared with placebo in patients suffering from the common cold with wind-heat syndrome (CCWHS). This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II clinical trial. A total of 240 patients will be recruited and randomly assigned to a high-dose group, medium-dose group, low-dose group, and placebo-matched group in a 1:1:1:1 ratio. The treatment course is 3 consecutive days, with a 5-day follow-up. The primary outcome is time to all symptoms' clearance. Secondary outcomes include time to the disappearance of primary symptoms and each secondary symptom, time to fever relief, time to fever clearance, and change in TCM symptom and sign scores. This trial is a well-designed study according to principles and regulations issued by the China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA). The results will provide high-quality evidence on the efficacy and safety of LJGMC in treating CCWHS and help to optimize the dose for the next phase III clinical trial. Moreover, the protocol presents a detailed and practical methodology for future clinical trials of drugs developed based on TCM. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR-IPR-15006504 . Registered on 4 June 2015.

  10. Origin and Formation Mechanism Investigation of Compound Precipitation from the Traditional Chinese Prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang by Isothermal Titration Calorimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Li, Tong; Xiang, Hongjun; Zhang, Xinyu; Fang, Kang; Wu, Gaorong; Yan, Mengmeng; Xue, Nannan; Chen, Meng; Xie, Tianxin; Zhang, Yuzhong; Wang, Penglong; Lei, Haimin

    2017-09-01

    Previous studies have shown that compounds in the form of precipitate (CFP) from Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT) were stable, and the CFP content reached 2.63% of the whole decoction and had good neuroprotective effects. However, there has been no research on their specific source. In this study, it was found that HLJDT CFP mainly came from the reaction of Scutellaria baicalensis and Coptis chinensis by studying the separated prescription components (accounting for 81.33% of HLJDT CFP). Unlike previous studies on HLJDT CFP, in this research the chemical composition of Scutellaria baicalensis-Coptis chinensis (SB-CC) CFP was identified by high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (HPLC-MSn), which further proved that the main source of HLJDT CFP was Scutellaria baicalensis-Coptis chinensis CFP compared with previous HLJDT CFP studies. To explain the reaction mechanism between the decoctions of Scutellaria baicalensis and Coptis chinensis, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) was used to analyze their binding heat and the thermodynamic parameters (ΔH, ΔS, ΔG, n, Ka) of the reaction between baicalin and berberine, which are the main components of Scutellaria baicalensis and Coptis chinensis, respectively. The results showed that the reaction between decoctions of Scutellaria baicalensis and Coptis chinensis was exothermic and the reaction between baicalin and berberine was a spontaneous and enthalpy-driven chemical reaction, the binding ratio being 1:1. In addition, HLJDT CFP (EC50 = 14.71 ± 0.91 µg/mL) and SB-CC CFP (EC50 = 6.11 ± 0.12 µg/mL) showed similar protective activities on PC12 cells injured by cobalt chloride (CoCl₂). This study provided a new angle to research on the main chemical components and therapeutic values of CFP in Traditional Chinese Medicine compounds.

  11. Towards Transformation of Knowledge and Subjectivity in Curriculum Inquiry: Insights from Chen Kuan-Hsing's "Asia as Method"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Angel M. Y.

    2012-01-01

    Chen's book, "Asia as Method" (Duke University Press, 2010), and his theorization on topics of de-imperialization, de-colonization, de-cold war, as well as on foregrounding epistemologies and frames of reference situated in the diverse contexts in Asia have contributed to empowering scholars and researchers situated not only in Taiwan,…

  12. Control of the Fractional-Order Chen Chaotic System via Fractional-Order Scalar Controller and Its Circuit Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Qiong Huang; Chunyang Dong; Qianbin Chen

    2014-01-01

    A fractional-order scalar controller which involves only one state variable is proposed. By this fractional-order scalar controller, the unstable equilibrium points in the fractional-order Chen chaotic system can be asymptotically stable. The present control strategy is theoretically rigorous. Some circuits are designed to realize these control schemes. The outputs of circuit agree with the results of theoretical results.

  13. On the automatic link between affect and tendencies to approach and avoid: Chen and Bargh (1999 revisited.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark eRotteveel

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Within the literature on emotion and behavioral action, studies on approach-avoidance take up a prominent place. Several experimental paradigms feature successful conceptual replications but many original studies have not yet been replicated directly. We present such a direct replication attempt of two seminal experiments originally conducted by Chen and Bargh (1999. In their first experiment, participants affectively evaluated attitude objects by pulling or pushing a lever. Participants who had to pull the lever with positively valenced attitude objects and push the lever with negatively valenced attitude objects (i.e., congruent instruction did so faster than participants who had to follow the reverse (i.e., incongruent instruction. In Chen and Bargh's second experiment, the explicit evaluative instructions were absent and participants merely responded to the attitude objects by either always pushing or always pulling the lever. Similar results were obtained as in Experiment 1. Based on these findings, Chen and Bargh concluded that (1 attitude objects are evaluated automatically; and (2 attitude objects automatically trigger a behavioral tendency to approach or avoid. We attempted to replicate both experiments and failed to find the effects reported by Chen and Bargh as indicated by our pre-registered Bayesian data analyses; nevertheless, the evidence in favor of the null hypotheses was only anecdotal, and definitive conclusions await further study.

  14. The impact of systematic landscape conservation planning on ecosystem: Chen Youlan river watershed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chi-ju

    2017-04-01

    Heraclitus said that "no man ever steps in the same river twice." Everything continues to change. Land use change will keep redefine itself and subject the Earth and humankind to collateral changes. Humankind benefits from ecosystem in many ways. The ecosystem provides people with nutrients, enriches soil with sediment, and sustains all living organisms with water; these benefits are known as ecosystem services. In Taiwan, land use change has impacted ecosystem and biodiversity on various levels. Thus, we took six land use scenarios from 1999 to 2005 in Chen Youlan river watershed as our case study, intending to observe the course of ecosystem and biodiversity changes and the cause of it. Systematic Landscape conservation planning (SLCP) framework can be adopted when designing land use policy to safeguard human interests and ecosystem. This study use SLCP to develop ecosystem services and biodiversity protection strategies. Several strategies were designed by using 1999 to 2005 data as provision to protect the intactness of future ecosystem services and biodiversity. This research explores the potential and possible impacts of different land use protection strategies in the future. It is possible to identify the conservation priority of a certain region by using the Zonation meta-algorithm. This study selects the zonation critical protection area (Joint set of Yushan National Park) as strategy A, B and C. Strategy D takes Yushan National Park as a protected area; unstable hot spots in 1999/03 (Joint set of Yushan National Park) are selected as strategy E. Next, we used Kappa statistical method to find the minimal ecosystem services change and biodiversity hotspots change of the five aforementioned strategies and compared with those from 1999/03. By the Kappa statistical method, we further prioritized the important conservation areas by strategy A, B, C, E in the future. The results can not only serve as management reference for government agencies, but also develop

  15. Wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen cosmological fluids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Deng [Nankai University, Theoretical Physics Division, Chern Institute of Mathematics, Tianjin (China); Meng, Xin-He [Nankai University, Department of Physics, Tianjin (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, CAS, State key Lab of Theoretical Physics, Beijing (China)

    2016-03-15

    In the present paper, the exact solutions of spherically symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy that violates the null energy condition from Shan-Chen background fluid are obtained. We have considered the important case of the model parameter ψ ∼ 1, which corresponds to the ''saturation effect'', and this regime corresponds to an effective form of ''asymptotic freedom'' for the fluids, but occurring at cosmological rather than subnuclear scales. Then we investigate the allowed range for the values of the model parameters g and ω when the spacetime metrics describe wormholes and discuss the possible singularities of the solutions, finding that the obtained spacetimes are geodesically complete. Furthermore, we construct two traversable wormholes through matching our obtained interior solutions to the exterior Schwarzschild solutions and analyze the traversabilities of the wormholes. Finally, we consider the case of anisotropic pressure and discover that the transverse pressure also crosses the phantom divide -1 with the growth of the wormhole dimension, and it tends to be the same as the radial pressure with the growth of the wormhole radius. (orig.)

  16. Psychometric properties of the Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) in Chinese adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mak, Kwok-Kei; Lai, Ching-Man; Ko, Chih-Hung; Chou, Chien; Kim, Dong-Il; Watanabe, Hiroko; Ho, Roger C M

    2014-10-01

    The Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) was developed to assess Internet addiction in Chinese populations, but its psychometric properties in adolescents have not been examined. This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of CIAS-R in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. 860 Grade 7 to 13 students (38 % boys) completed the CIAS-R, the Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) in a survey. The prevalence of Internet addiction as assessed by CIAS-R was 18 %. High internal consistency and inter-item correlations were reported for the CIAS-R. Results from the confirmatory factor analysis suggested a four-factor structure of Compulsive Use and Withdrawal, Tolerance, Interpersonal and Health-related Problems, and Time Management Problems. Moreover, results of hierarchical multiple regression supported the incremental validity of the CIAS-R to predict mental health outcomes beyond the effects of demographic differences and self-reported time spent online. The CIAS is a reliable and valid measure of internet addiction problems in Hong Kong adolescents. Future study is warranted to validate the cutoffs of the CIAS-R for identification of adolescents with Internet use problems who may have mental health needs.

  17. Politics in the Western Maya Region (I: Ajawil/Ajawlel and Ch'e'n

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    Péter Bíró

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In a series of articles I reflect on the use of various expressions which are connected to what we call the political in the inscriptions of the Classic Maya Western Region. These words express concepts which help to understand the intricate details of the interactions between the political entities and their internal organisations in the Classic Maya Lowlands. Words such as 7ajawil, 7ajawlel, the kennings built on the base of ch'e7n (cave, pond, the emblem glyphs and titles will be examined in light of what they tell us about the functioning of the political organisation of the Classic Period in a constrained region.En una serie de artículos como éste investigo el uso de varias palabras en las inscripciones mayas de la época Clásica de la Región Occidental vinculadas con lo que nosotros llamamos "política". Estas palabras expresan conceptos que ayudan a entender los matices de las relaciones entre las entidades políticas de las Tierras Bajas Mayas y su organización interna. Términos como ajaw'ü I ajawlel, los difrasismos con base ch'e'n (cueva, pozo, los glifos emblemas y los títulos serán examinados tomando en cuenta la información que nos proporcionan sobre el funcionamiento de la organización política de la época Clásica en una región restringida.

  18. Writing Beyond the Wall: Translation, Cross-cultural Exchange, and Chen Ran's 'A Private Life'

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    Kay Schaffer

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented rise in the global flow of knowledge, nowhere more apparent in the exchange of ideas between China and modern western democracies. Our interest concerns one aspect of this global flow— the translation of Chinese women’s autobiographical writing into English. Taking Chen Ran’s A Private Life (English edition, 2004 as a point of departure, the paper explores issues of translingual practice and cross-cultural exchange. It considers what escapes or is lost in translation as well as the additive potential of the host text. It is sometimes the case that the translation can deliberately make certain ambiguities visible—whether from pragmatic, market-driven motivations or from more complex political, historical and cultural considerations. These negotiations of meaning that occur in the translation process can reverberate on the critical reception of texts in both the ‘guest’ and ‘host’ languages (Liu 1995, with open-ended, incomplete and indeterminate effects. The paper examines the effects of the omission of a brief parenthetical section of three paragraphs from one chapter of the Chinese edition of A Private Life. Yet, even that small emendation changes the original text as a cultural object and alters potential modes of its reception. In this case, the translation results in a loss of ambiguity, irony, philosophic and rhetorical sophistication while also offering additive potentials that enhance the generation of new meanings in the translingual exchange, here with reference Tiananmen and contemporary feminism in China. The translation process provides new channels for readers, writers and theorists to dialogue and communicate across gaps of difference, despite inhibiting factors like the imposition of local restraints, the universalising pressures of western modernity, and asymmetrical relations of power between guest and host language contexts.

  19. Aktivitätsmessung auf nukleinsäuremodifizierten Oberflächen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Peter Michael

    2003-06-01

    Im Bereich der medizinischen Diagnostik spielen DNA-Chips eine immer wichtigere Rolle. Dabei werden Glas- oder Silikon-Oberflächen mit Tausenden von einzelsträngigen DNA-Fragmenten, sog. Sonden, bestückt, die mit den passenden DNA-Fragmenten in der zugefügten Patientenprobe verschmelzen. Die Auswertung solcher Messungen liefert die Diagnose für Krankheiten wie z.B. Krebs, Alzheimer oder für den Nachweis pathogener Erreger. Durch fortschreitende Miniaturisierung dieser Meßsysteme können bis zu 40.000 Genfragmente des Menschen in einer einzigen Messung analysiert werden. Neben den DNA-Fragmenten können Bio-Chips auch für andere biologische Komponenten wie Antikörper und Proteine eingesetzt werden, wobei bei letzteren neben der Bindung auch die Aktivität ein wichtiger Diagnoseparamter ist. Am Fraunhofer-Institut für medizinische Technik und am Lehrstuhl für Analytische Biochemie der Universität Potsdam wurden im Rahmen einer Doktorarbeit Methoden entwickelt, die es ermöglichen auf nukleinsäuremodifizierten Sensoroberflächen die Aktivität von Proteinen zu messen. Es wurden Nukleinsäuren auf Oberflächen optischer Sensoren verankert. Diese fungierten als Rezeptor für die Proteine sowie auch als Substrat für Restriktionsenzyme, die Nukleinsäuren schneiden und Polymerasen, die Nukleinsäuren synthetisieren und verlängern können. Seine Anwendung fand diese Messmethode in der Messung der Aktivität des Proteins Telomerase, das in 90% aller Tumore erhöhte Aktivität gegenüber gesunden Zellen aufweist. Die Vorteile dieses neuen Assays gegenüber älteren Methoden liegt im Verzicht auf radioaktiv-markierten Komponenten und einer deutlich verkürzten Analysezeit. Die Arbeit schliesst mit einem funktionsfähigen Nachweis der Telomeraseaktivität im Zellextrakt von gesunden und kranken Zellen. Der direkte Einfluß von Hemmstoffen auf die Aktivität konnte sichtbar gemacht werden, und steht daher bei der Entwicklung neuer Tumor-Diagnostika und

  20. Control of the Fractional-Order Chen Chaotic System via Fractional-Order Scalar Controller and Its Circuit Implementation

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    Qiong Huang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A fractional-order scalar controller which involves only one state variable is proposed. By this fractional-order scalar controller, the unstable equilibrium points in the fractional-order Chen chaotic system can be asymptotically stable. The present control strategy is theoretically rigorous. Some circuits are designed to realize these control schemes. The outputs of circuit agree with the results of theoretical results.

  1. [Academic thoughts on Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Weiping; Li, Naiqi

    2015-03-01

    Through the collection of Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China, the academic characteristics on acupuncture and moxibusiton were analyzed. The literature comparison method was adopted to compare the works of LUO Zhaoju, ZENG Tianzhi and LI Wenxian, etc. at the same period. It was discovered that CHEN Jingwen was the medical master who systematicly brought up the theory of acupoint properties earlier in the modern times. Classifying drugs based on acupoints was his academic feature. Additionally, the compatibility therapy of Chinese medicine was introduced to explain the essential ideas on the acupoints combination. The treatment was determined on the basis of zangxiang theory and the reinforcing and reducing therapy of acupuncture was emphasized in the determination of treatment and prescription. CHEN Jingwen's theory of acupoint property had been stressed and spread among the medical scholars in the Republic of China and he had made the beneficial exploration for the development of modern acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.

  2. Cryptanalysis and improvement of Chen-Hsiang- Shih’s remote user authentication scheme using smart cards

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    Rafael Martínez-Peláez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Recientemente, Chen-Hsiang-Shih propusieron un nuevo esquema de autenticación de usuario remoto basado en un identificador dinámico. Los autores afirman que su esquema es más seguro que los trabajos previos. Sin embargo, se demuestra que su esquema continúa siendo inseguro contra diferentes tipos de ataques. Con el fin de mejorar la seguridad del esquema propuesto por Chen-Hsiang-Shih, se propone un esquema que consigue los siguientes objetivos de seguridad: el esquema no requiere de una tabla de verificación, cada usuario elige y cambia su contraseña libremente, cada usuario mantiene su contraseña en secreto, el esquema requiere autenticación mutua, el esquema establece una clave de sesión después de una autenticación correcta, y el esquema mantiene el anonimato del usuario. El análisis de seguridad y la comparación demuestran que nuestro esquema es más seguro que el esquema propuesto por Das-Saxena-Gulati, Wang-Liu-Xiao-Dan, y Chen-Hsiang-Shih.

  3. Biofunktionalisierung von Implantatoberflächen mit einem synthetisch hergestellten Peptid (P15) bei diabetischen Versuchstieren gegenüber gesunden Versuchstieren

    OpenAIRE

    abu-Nasir, Mohammed

    2014-01-01

    1. Zusammenfassung 1.1 Hintergrund und Ziele Die zunehmende Prävalenz von Diabetes mellitus in Deutschland rückt dieses Patientenklientel näher in den Fokus der Implantologie . In dieser Studie wurde der Einfluss von sandgestrahlten und geätzten Implantatoberflächen mit einer Peptidsequenz (P15) beschichteten Oberflächen auf die Implantateinheilung bei diabetischen Versuchstieren gegenüber gesunden Versuchstieren untersucht. 1.2 Material und Methoden Insgesamt wurden...

  4. The spatial and temporal expression of Ch-en, the engrailed gene in the polychaete Chaetopterus, does not support a role in body axis segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaver, E. C.; Paulson, D. A.; Irvine, S. Q.; Martindale, M. Q.

    2001-01-01

    We are interested in understanding whether the annelids and arthropods shared a common segmented ancestor and have approached this question by characterizing the expression pattern of the segment polarity gene engrailed (en) in a basal annelid, the polychaete Chaetopterus. We have isolated an en gene, Ch-en, from a Chaetopterus cDNA library. Genomic Southern blotting suggests that this is the only en class gene in this animal. The predicted protein sequence of the 1.2-kb cDNA clone contains all five domains characteristic of en proteins in other taxa, including the en class homeobox. Whole-mount in situ hybridization reveals that Ch-en is expressed throughout larval life in a complex spatial and temporal pattern. The Ch-en transcript is initially detected in a small number of neurons associated with the apical organ and in the posterior portion of the prototrochophore. At later stages, Ch-en is expressed in distinct patterns in the three segmented body regions (A, B, and C) of Chaetopterus. In all segments, Ch-en is expressed in a small set of segmentally iterated cells in the CNS. In the A region, Ch-en is also expressed in a small group of mesodermal cells at the base of the chaetal sacs. In the B region, Ch-en is initially expressed broadly in the mesoderm that then resolves into one band/segment coincident with morphological segmentation. The mesodermal expression in the B region is located in the anterior region of each segment, as defined by the position of ganglia in the ventral nerve cord, and is involved in the morphogenesis of segment-specific feeding structures late in larval life. We observe banded mesodermal and ectodermal staining in an anterior-posterior sequence in the C region. We do not observe a segment polarity pattern of expression of Ch-en in the ectoderm, as is observed in arthropods. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

  5. A ginástica terapêutica e preventiva chinesa Lian Gong/Qi Gong como um dos instrumentos na prevenção e reabilitação da LER/DORT

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    Gutembergue Livramento

    Full Text Available Este ensaio traz elementos da medicina ocidental, da medicina tradicional chinesa e da sociologia do trabalho para reflexão sobre o Qi Gong - exercícios terapêuticos, um dos pilares da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa (MTC - como importante meio de prevenção da LER/DORT e recuperação da saúde. Considerando a natureza interdisciplinar e diversos níveis de prevenção, aborda aspectos sociológicos sobre as condições de trabalho frequentemente relacionadas com este tipo de adoecimento e categorias de trabalhadores mais acometidos. Focaliza aspectos médicos sobre a LER/DORT e as Síndromes de Bloqueio na MTC, estabelecendo canais de articulação e contribuição entre esses campos de conhecimento sobre a saúde humana. Ressalta o Qi Gong como importante prática terapêutica e preventiva na MTC e sua adequação à LER/DORT. No âmbito do Qi Gong, focaliza o Lian Gong Shi Ba Fa - Lian Gong em 18 Terapias, já amplamente experimentado na China e divulgado, inclusive no Brasil, para tratar e prevenir síndromes de dor em região cervical, ombros, membros superiores, membros inferiores e região lombar. À guisa de conclusão, são apresentadas algumas reflexões sobre a propriedade e a importância do Qi Gong na reabilitação e na prevenção da LER/DORT.

  6. Traditional uses, botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ting; Guo, Rixin; Zhou, Guohong; Zhou, Xidan; Kou, Zhenzhen; Sui, Feng; Li, Chun; Tang, Liying; Wang, Zhuju

    2016-07-21

    Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine known as Sanqi or Tianqi in China. This plant, which is distributed primarily in the southwest of China, has wide-ranging pharmacological effects and can be used to treat cardiovascular diseases, pain, inflammation and trauma as well as internal and external bleeding due to injury. This paper provides up-to-date information on investigations of this plant, including its botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. The possible uses and perspectives for future investigation of this plant are also discussed. The relevant information on Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen was collected from numerous resources, including classic books about Chinese herbal medicine, and scientific databases, including Pubmed, SciFinder, ACS, Ebsco, Elsevier, Taylor, Wiley and CNKI. More than 200 chemical compounds have been isolated from Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen, including saponins, flavonoids and cyclopeptides. The plant has pharmacological effects on the cardiovascular system, immune system as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, haemostatic and anti-tumour activities, etc. Panax notoginseng is a valuable traditional Chinese medical herb with multiple pharmacological effects. This review summarizes the botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of P. notoginseng, and presents the constituents and their corresponding chemical structures found in P. notoginseng comprehensively for the first time. Future research into its phytochemistry of bio-active components should be performed by using bioactivity-guided isolation strategies. Further work on elucidation of the structure-function relationship among saponins, understanding of multi-target network pharmacology of P. notoginseng, as well as developing its new clinical usage and comprehensive utilize will enhance the therapeutic potentials of P. notoginseng. Copyright © 2016

  7. Pauropods (Myriapoda: Pauropoda) from Eastern China, descriptions of three new species and revision of Pauropus bifurcus Zhang & Chen, 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Changyuan; Dong, Yan; Guo, Hua; Chu, Kelin; Sun, Hongying

    2013-01-17

    Pauropods from Zhejiang and Jiangsu in eastern China were collected from the field. Among 23 specimens, four species assigned to two genera are identified. Three of these species are new and from the genus Decapauropus Remy, 1931: Decapauropus bifurcodicoccus Qian & Dong sp. nov., D. duomamillatus Qian & Dong sp. nov. and D. bidrepanoides Qian sp. nov. The status of Pauropus bifurcus Zhang & Chen, 1988 is reexamined and reallocated to the genus Stylopauropus Cook, 1896. A key to Decapauropus species of eastern China (including Jiangsu, Anhui and Zhejiang province) is provided.

  8. Equity Valuation and Accounting Numbers: Applying Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models to Brazilian Market

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    Fernando Caio Galdi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates how accounting variables explain cross-sectional stocks returns in Brazilian capital markets. The analysis is based on Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models. These models predict that stock returns are a function of net income, change in profitability, invested capital, changes in opportunity growths and discount rate. Generally, the empirical results for the Brazilian capital market are consistent with the theoretical relations that models describe, similarly to the results found in the US. Using different empirical tests (pooled regressions, Fama-Macbeth and panel data the results and coefficients remain similar, what support the robustness of our findings.

  9. Feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in junior secondary school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Linda Y K; Chong, Yeuk Lan; Li, Ngai Yin; Li, Man Chung; Lin, Lai Na; Wong, Lee Yi; Wong, Brian Kit; Yip, Wing Ping; Hon, Cho Hang; Chung, Pui Kuen; Man, Shuk Yee

    2013-04-01

    Stress is common in junior secondary school students (JSSS). This study aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in JSSS. A non-equivalent pre-test/post-test control group design was adopted, and a convenience sample of 69 JSSS was recruited. The experimental group (n = 32) joined a Chen-style Tai Chi programme, which included 10 sessions of 80-minute Tai Chi training (one session per week). The control group (n = 37) proceeded with self-study. Participants' stress levels were assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale. Feasibility was determined as the percentage of participants completing and attending the programme. Effectiveness was measured as the significant difference in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. Results preliminarily supported that the programme was feasible for JSSS. Completion rate was 100%, and attendance rate was 90%. However, no significant difference was noted in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. The potential health benefits of Tai Chi could not be detected owing to the restrictions imposed by the research setting and study limitations. The present study represents initial efforts in this direction and serves as reference for future study. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. Three new anti-HBV active constituents from the traditional Chinese herb of Yin-Chen (Artemisia scoparia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Chang-An; Huang, Xiao-Yan; Chen, Xing-Long; Ma, Yun-Bao; Rong, Guang-Qing; Zhao, Yong; Zhang, Xue-Mei; Chen, Ji-Jun

    2015-12-24

    Yin-Chen is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in China for the treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis. Two species, namely Artemisia scoparia and Artemisia capillaris, are documented in Chinese Pharmacopoeia as the authentic resources for Yin-Chen. Previous investigation has proved that chlorogenic acid analogs and phenolic acids are two main types of the anti-HBV active constituents of A. capillaris. However, there is no investigation concerned with the anti-HBV components of A. scoparia. The aim of the present study is to recognize the new anti-HBV constituents of A. scoparia by detailed LCMS analyses. LCMS and bioassay-guided fractionation on the active part of A. scoparia led to the isolation of three new compounds. Their structures were determined by detailed spectroscopic analyses. Anti-HBV assay involving inhibition on HBsAg and HBeAg secretions and HBV DNA replication were performed in virto on HepG 2.2.15 cell line. The 90% ethanol extract of A. scoparia was revealed with anti-HBV activity for the first time, which was further separated into several fractions by column chromatography. Fr. D-4 was revealed with the highest anti-HBV activity, from which three new compounds including one unusual 4-pyridone glucoside (1) and two polyacetylene glucosides (2-3) were isolated under the guidance of LCMS analyses. Compounds 1-3 exhibited activity against the secretions of HBsAg and HBeAg, and HBV DNA replication. In particular, compounds 2 and 3 inhibited HBV DNA replication with IC50 values of 0.07 ± 0.04 and 0.012 ± 0.05 mM, with SI values of 23.6 and 17.1, respectively. Based on the MS/MS experiment, the fragmentation pathways of 1 in both positive and negative modes, and 2 and 3 in negative mode were proposed. The ion pairs of 388-208 (positive) and 432-206 (negative) for 1, 503-341 (negative) for 2, and 503-203 (negative) for 3, could be recognized as their respective diagnostic ions. The first time investigation on the anti-HBV constituents of A

  11. Development of the Fray-Farthing-Chen Cambridge Process: Towards the Sustainable Production of Titanium and Its Alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Di; Dolganov, Aleksei; Ma, Mingchan; Bhattacharya, Biyash; Bishop, Matthew T.; Chen, George Z.

    2018-02-01

    The Kroll process has been employed for titanium extraction since the 1950s. It is a labour and energy intensive multi-step semi-batch process. The post-extraction processes for making the raw titanium into alloys and products are also excessive, including multiple remelting steps. Invented in the late 1990s, the Fray-Farthing-Chen (FFC) Cambridge process extracts titanium from solid oxides at lower energy consumption via electrochemical reduction in molten salts. Its ability to produce alloys and powders, while retaining the cathode shape also promises energy and material efficient manufacturing. Focusing on titanium and its alloys, this article reviews the recent development of the FFC-Cambridge process in two aspects, (1) resource and process sustainability and (2) advanced post-extraction processing.

  12. Landscape change and its effects on the wintering range of a lesser snow goose Chen caerulescens caerulescens population: A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Donna G.; Slack, R. Douglas

    1995-01-01

    The Texas coast has experienced considerable urban, industrial, and agricultural growth during the 20th Century. The region provides important wintering habitat to many avian species, including lesser snow geese Chen caerulescens caerulescens. This paper draws the biological and ecological fields into an historical perspective by examining available literature on the development of the upper Texas coast and range changes of lesser snow geese. Historically, lesser snow geese wintered in the coastal marshes, but expanded their range into the adjacent prairies in the mid-1900s. Winter range expansion was negatively affected by urban and industrial encroachment in the coastal marshes and positively influenced by agricultural development in the prairies, which increased dramatically during World War II. The lesser snow goose population flourished alongside some human-induced landscape alterations. However, projected declines in agriculture and increased urbanization of prairie and coastal marsh habitats may result in significant negative effects on the lesser snow goose population.

  13. Os efeitos do Lian Gong em hipertensos assistidos em unidade de saúde da família do município de Parnaíba, Piauí - doi: 10.5020/18061230.2012.p435

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elce de Seixas Nascimento

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Conhecer os efeitos do Lian Gong em pacientes hipertensos usuários da Unidade de Saúde da Família. Métodos: Estudo qualitativo descritivo, envolvendo 20 voluntários, independente do sexo, com idade entre 45 e 70 anos, residentes no município de ParnaíbaPI, Brasil. A intervenção foi realizada em ambiente calmo e livre de ruídos, no período de agosto a setembro de 2011, três vezes por semana, com um total de 30 sessões. Utilizouse a ferramenta Grupo Focal no início e ao final da intervenção. Aplicou-se a técnica de análise temática do discurso do sujeito coletivo (DSC, utilizando três figuras metodológicas: ideia central, expressões-chave e DSC. Foram utilizadas operações estatísticas simples (percentagens para quantificar as falas. Resultados: Antes da intervenção, o grupo referiu ter percebido a hipertensão pela manifestação de sintomas físicos e/ou psíquicos a partir do diagnóstico e da rejeição ao tratamento, revelando ter um nível superficial de conhecimento ou informações equivocadas acerca da doença. Após a intervenção, foi referido melhora dos sintomas físicos e emocionais, nas relações sociais e familiares, bem como na dificuldade de mudanças de hábitos, que pode ser atenuada com o apoio multiprofissional e a continuação dos exercícios físicos. Considerações finais: A prática de Lian Gong se mostrou eficaz para a melhoria do estado físico e emocional de pacientes hipertensos, podendo ser uma terapia coadjuvante ao controle da hipertensão arterial sistêmica na atenção primária à saúde.

  14. A target and non-target strategy for identification or characterization of the chemical ingredients in Chinese herb preparation Shuang-Huang-Lian oral liquid by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Feng-Xiang; Li, Min; Yao, Zhi-Hong; Li, Chang; Qiao, Li-Rui; Shen, Xiu-Yu; Yu, Kate; Dai, Yi; Yao, Xin-Sheng

    2017-10-09

    A target and non-target strategy based on in-house chemical components library was developed for rapid and comprehensive analysis of complicated components from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation Shuang-Huang-Lian oral liquid (SHL). The sample was analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Qtof MS) using generic acquisition parameters. Automated detection and data filtering were performed on the UNIFI(TM) software and the detected peaks were evaluated against an in-house library. As a result, a total of 170 chemical components (110 target compounds and 60 non-target ones) were identified or tentatively characterized, including 54 flavonoids, 30 phenylethanoid glycosides, 16 iridoid glycosides, 14 lignans, 32 organic acids, 19 triterpenoid saponins and 5 other types compounds. Among them, 44 compounds were further confirmed by comparison with reference standards. It demonstrated that this systematical approach could be successfully applied for rapid identification of multiple compounds in TCM and its preparations. Furthermore, this work established the foundation for the further investigation on the metabolic fates of multiple ingredients in SHL. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  15. A Metabolomic Strategy to Screen the Prototype Components and Metabolites of Shuang-Huang-Lian Injection in Human Serum by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingxing Guo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Shuang-huang-lian injection (SHLI is a famous Chinese patent medicine, which has been wildly used in clinic to treat acute respiratory tract infection, pneumonia, influenza, and so forth. Despite the widespread clinical application, the prototype components and metabolites of SHLI have not been fully elucidated, especially in human body. To discover and screen the constituents or metabolites of Chinese medicine in biofluids tends to be more and more difficult due to the complexity of chemical compositions, metabolic reactions and matrix effects. In this work, a metabolomic strategy to comprehensively elucidate the prototype components and metabolites of SHLI in human serum conducted by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS was developed. Orthogonal partial least squared discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA was applied to distinguish the exogenous, namely, drug-induced constituents, from endogenous in human serum. In the S-plot, 35 drug-induced constituents were found, including 23 prototype compounds and 12 metabolites which indicated that SHLI in human body mainly caused phase II metabolite reactions. It was concluded that the metabolomic strategy for identification of herbal constituents and metabolites in biological samples was successfully developed. This identification and structural elucidation of the chemical compounds provided essential data for further pharmacological and pharmacokinetics study of SHLI.

  16. Screening for Internet Addiction: An Empirical Study on Cut-off Points for the Chen Internet Addiction Scale

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    Chih-Hung Ko

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to establish the optimal cut-off points of the Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS, to screen for and diagnose Internet addiction among adolescents in the community by using the well- established diagnostic criteria of Internet addiction. This survey of 454 adolescents used screening (57/58 and diagnostic (63/64 cut-off points of the CIAS, a self-reported instrument, based on the results of systematic diagnostic interviews by psychiatrists. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve revealed that CIAS has good diagnostic accuracy (89.6%. The screening cut-off point had high sensitivity (85.6% and the diagnostic cut-off point had the highest diagnostic accuracy, classifying 87.6% of participants correctly. Accordingly, the screening point of the CIAS could provide a screening function in two-stage diagnosis, and the diagnostic point could serve as a diagnostic criterion in one-stage massive epidemiologic research.

  17. Satellite-derived land covers for runoff estimation using SCS-CN method in Chen-You-Lan Watershed, Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wen-Yan; Lin, Chao-Yuan

    2017-04-01

    The Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN) method, which was originally developed by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, is widely used to estimate direct runoff volume from rainfall. The runoff Curve Number (CN) parameter is based on the hydrologic soil group and land use factors. In Taiwan, the national land use maps were interpreted from aerial photos in 1995 and 2008. Rapid updating of post-disaster land use map is limited due to the high cost of production, so the classification of satellite images is the alternative method to obtain the land use map. In this study, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in Chen-You-Lan Watershed was derived from dry and wet season of Landsat imageries during 2003 - 2008. Land covers were interpreted from mean value and standard deviation of NDVI and were categorized into 4 groups i.e. forest, grassland, agriculture and bare land. Then, the runoff volume of typhoon events during 2005 - 2009 were estimated using SCS-CN method and verified with the measured runoff data. The result showed that the model efficiency coefficient is 90.77%. Therefore, estimating runoff by using the land cover map classified from satellite images is practicable.

  18. A variational numerical method based on finite elements for the nonlinear solution characteristics of the periodically forced Chen system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Sabeel M.; Sunny, D. A.; Aqeel, M.

    2017-09-01

    Nonlinear dynamical systems and their solutions are very sensitive to initial conditions and therefore need to be approximated carefully. In this article, we present and analyze nonlinear solution characteristics of the periodically forced Chen system with the application of a variational method based on the concept of finite time-elements. Our approach is based on the discretization of physical time space into finite elements where each time-element is mapped to a natural time space. The solution of the system is then determined in natural time space using a set of suitable basis functions. The numerical algorithm is presented and implemented to compute and analyze nonlinear behavior at different time-step sizes. The obtained results show an excellent agreement with the classical RK-4 and RK-5 methods. The accuracy and convergence of the method is shown by comparing numerically computed results with the exact solution for a test problem. The presented method has shown a great potential in dealing with the solutions of nonlinear dynamical systems and thus can be utilized in delineating different features and characteristics of their solutions.

  19. Plasma biochemistry values in emperor geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: comparisons among age, sex, incubation, and molt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franson, J. Christian; Hoffman, D.J.; Schmutz, J.A.

    2009-01-01

    Reduced populations of emperor geese (Chen canagica), a Bering Sea endemic, provided the need to assess plasma biochemistry values as indicators of population health. A precursory step to such an investigation was to evaluate patterns of variability in plasma biochemistry values among age, sex, and reproductive period. Plasma from 63 emperor geese was collected on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska, USA. The geese sampled included 18 incubating adult females captured, in mid June, on their nests by using bow nets, and 30 adults and 15 goslings captured in corral traps in late July and early August, when the adults were molting their wing feathers and the goslings were 5-6 weeks old. Plasma was evaluated for 15 biochemical parameters, by comparing results among age, sex, and sampling period (incubation versus wing-feather molt). Ten of the 15 biochemical parameters assayed differed among adults during incubation, the adults during molt, and the goslings at molt, whereas sex differences were noted in few parameters.

  20. Comment on “Chen et al., Fabrication and photovoltaic conversion enhancement…”, Electrochimica Acta, 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valentic, Lara; Gorji, Nima E.

    2015-09-01

    In a recent article, Chen et al. [Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 130: 279] presented their fabrication and characterization results on a graphene/n-Si solar cell where the Au nanoparticles were inserted in graphene to increase its optical and electrical properties. The higher efficiency of the device was attributed to increased conductivity of graphene after doping with Au nanoparticles. However, the knowledge in the field of Schottky diode solar cells relates this to increased band bending at the junction. Also, to explain the instability behaviour, they concluded that the growth of silicon oxide on the Si surface or oxygen adsorption on the window layer resulted in the device performance increasing initially and decreasing in the end. However, this instability seems to be due to variation in series resistance reduced at the beginning because of slightly lowered Fermi level and increased at the end by the self-compensation by deep in-diffusion of Au nanoparticles into n-Si layer. We also propose that inserting a very thin p-type layer at the junction will enhance the carrier collection and performance of this device.

  1. Debris flow run off simulation and verification ‒ case study of Chen-You-Lan Watershed, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.-L. Lin

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1996 typhoon Herb struck the central Taiwan area, causing severe debris flow in many subwatersheds of the Chen-You-Lan river watershed. More severe cases of debris flow occurred following Chi-Chi earthquake, 1999. In order to identify the potentially affected area and its severity, the ability to simulate the flow route of debris is desirable. In this research numerical simulation of debris flow deposition process had been carried out using FLO-2D adopting Chui-Sue river watershed as the study area. Sensitivity study of parameters used in the numerical model was conducted and adjustments were made empirically. The micro-geomorphic database of Chui-Sue river watershed was generated and analyzed to understand the terrain variations caused by the debris flow. Based on the micro-geomorphic analysis, the debris deposition in the Chui-Sue river watershed in the downstream area, and the position and volume of debris deposition were determined. The simulated results appeared to agree fairly well with the results of micro-geomorphic study of the area when not affected by other inflow rivers, and the trends of debris distribution in the study area appeared to be fairly consistent.

  2. Effect of feeding and fasting on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Shi-Jian; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Peng, Jiang-Lan

    2007-03-01

    The impact of feeding (fed to satiation, 13.85% body mass) on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC, chasing for 2.5 min) was investigated in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) (38.62-57.55 g) at 25. Cutlets of freshly killed loach species without viscera, head and tail were used as the test meal, and oxygen consumption (VO(2)) was adjusted to a standard body mass of 1 kg using a mass exponent of 0.75. Resting VO(2) increased significantly above fasting levels (49.89 versus 148.25 mg O(2) h(-)(1)) in 12 h postprandial catfish. VO(2) and ventilation frequency (V(f)) both increased immediately after exhaustive exercise and slowly returned to pre-exercise values in all experimental groups. The times taken for post-exercise VO(2) to return to the pre-exercise value were 20, 25 and 30 min in 12 h, 60 h and 120 h postprandial catfish, respectively. Peak VO(2) levels were 257.36+/-6.06, 219.32+/-6.32 and 200.91+/-5.50 mg O(2) h(-1) in 12 h, 60 h and 120 h postprandial catfish and EPOC values were 13.85+/-4.50, 27.24+/-3.15 and 41.91+/-3.02 mg O(2) in 12 h, 60 h and 120 h postprandial southern catfish, respectively. There were significant differences in both EPOC and peak VO(2) during the post-exercise recovery process among three experimental groups (pcatfish, (2) both the digestive process and exercise (also the post-exercise recovery process) were curtailed under postprandial exercise, (3) the change of V(f) was smaller than that of VO(2) during the exhaustive exercise recovery process, (4) for a similar increment in VO(2), the change in V(f) was larger during the post-exercise process than during the digestive process.

  3. Development of microsatellite loci exhibiting reverse ascertainment bias and a sexing marker for use in Emperor Geese (Chen canagica)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gravley, Meg C.; Sage, George K.; Schmutz, Joel A.; Talbot, Sandra

    2017-01-01

    The Alaskan population of Emperor Geese (Chen canagica) nests on the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska. Numbers of Emperor Geese in Alaska declined from the 1960s to the mid-1980s and since then, their numbers have slowly increased. Low statistical power of microsatellite loci developed in other waterfowl species and used in previous studies of Emperor Geese are unable to confidently assign individual identity. Microsatellite loci for Emperor Goose were therefore developed using shotgun amplification and next-generation sequencing technology. Forty-one microsatellite loci were screened and 14 were found to be polymorphic in Emperor Geese. Only six markers – a combination of four novel loci and two loci developed in other waterfowl species – are needed to identify an individual from among the Alaskan Emperor Goose population. Genetic markers for identifying sex in Emperor Geese were also developed. The 14 novel variable loci and 15 monomorphic loci were screened for polymorphism in four other Arctic-nesting goose species, Black Brant (Branta bernicla nigricans), Greater White-fronted (Anser albifrons), Canada (B. canadensis) and Cackling (B. hutchinsii) Goose. Emperor Goose exhibited the smallest average number of alleles (3.3) and the lowest expected heterozygosity (0.467). Greater White-fronted Geese exhibited the highest average number of alleles (4.7) and Cackling Geese the highest expected heterozygosity (0.599). Six of the monomorphic loci were variable and able to be characterised in the other goose species assayed, a predicted outcome of reverse ascertainment bias. These findings fail to support the hypothesis of ascertainment bias due to selection of microsatellite markers.

  4. 3d-Übergangsmetalloxide: Ultradünne Schichten und Grenzflächen von MnO und NiO

    OpenAIRE

    Nagel, Mathias

    2009-01-01

    Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht binäre Übergangsmetalloxide. Im Speziellen werden sowohl ultradünne und epitaktische Manganoxid-Schichten (MnO) auf einkristallinen Silbersubstraten als auch Grenzflächen zwischen Übergangsmetallen und Oxiden betrachtet. Strukturelle, elektronische und magnetische Eigenschaften von Übergangsmetalloxiden in dünnen Schichtsystemen sind von grundlegendem Interesse. Für Anwendungen im Bereich der magnetischen Datenspeicherung oder in der Entwicklung von Spintr...

  5. Effect of feeding on the function and structure of the digestive system in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Ling-Qing; Li, Feng-Jie; Fu, Shi-Jian; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Zhang, Yao-Guang

    2012-10-01

    Postprandial physiological and morphological responses to feeding were examined in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) that had consumed a loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus Cantor) meal equivalent to 6 % of the body mass of the catfish. The gastric evacuation rate (GER) peaked at 4 h postfeeding, averaging 0.36 g food weight h(-1), at which time 14 % of the ingested meal had passed into the intestine. Less than 10 % of the ingested meal remained in the stomach at 24 h postfeeding. Pepsin activity peaked at 8 h postfeeding, reaching a level approximately twofold higher than the prefeeding level. Pancreatic trypsin activity peaked at 16 h postfeeding, reaching a level 4.5-fold higher than the prefeeding level. Peaks in lipase activity in both the proximal and middle intestinal segments occurred at 16 h, reaching 2.8- and 2.4-fold higher levels than the prefeeding level, respectively, while the activity in the distal intestine segment reached a level 2.9-fold higher than the prefeeding level at 24 h postfeeding. With respect to amylase activity, only the middle intestinal segment exhibited a change, first an increase and then a decrease, after feeding. Feeding also triggered an approximately 200 % increase in the metabolic rate and resulted in 44.6 kJ kg(-1) being expended on specific dynamic action, equivalent to 16.1 % of the meal's energy. In terms of organ size, the wet mass of the liver increased by 11 % at 24 h postfeeding, whereas the wet mass of the pancreas did not change. Except for a decrease in the thickness of the submucosa in the middle intestinal segment, the thickness of the intestinal fold, mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa of each intestinal segment did not change significantly with feeding. These results suggest that the continuum of physiological responses observed with respect to metabolic increases, GER, regulation of pancreatic and intestinal digestive enzyme activities and liver wet mass to feeding

  6. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

  7. 6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

  8. The Anticancer Properties and Apoptosis-inducing Mechanisms of Cinnamaldehyde and the Herbal Prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (黃連解毒湯 Huáng Lián Jiě Dú Tang in Human Hepatoma Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang-Tzung Lin

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC has long been one of the most important causes of cancer mortality in the world. Many natural products and traditional herbal medicines have been used to treat HCC in Asian countries such as Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and China. The present review aims to describe the anticancer properties and apoptotic mechanisms of cinnamaldehyde, the bioactive ingredient isolated from cinnamon trees, and the herbal prescription Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (黃連解毒湯 Huáng Lián Jiě Dú Tang; HLJDT against human hepatoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Implication of their treatment for the development of targeted therapy against HCC is discussed.

  9. Comment on "Current separation and upwelling over the southeast shelf of Vietnam in the South China Sea" by Chen et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dippner, Joachim W.; Bombar, Deniz; Loick-Wilde, Natalie; Voss, Maren; Subramaniam, Ajit

    2013-03-01

    In a recent paper, Chen et al. (2012) showed that the offshore current in front of the Vietnamese upwelling area in the South China Sea (SCS) is caused by an encounter of southward buoyancy-driven coastal current and tidal rectified currents from the southwest. These findings seem not in agreement with in-situ observations. The mechanism for the formation of the offshore current has its origin in the inter-annual variability of atmospheric forcing. El Niño Southern Oscillation events modulate the northern position of Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone and the intensity of both, SW monsoon and upwelling. Strong upwelling influences the spatial distribution of characteristic water masses which results in a blocking of the near coastal northward propagation of the plume of River Mekong and the formation of an offshore current.

  10. Comments on “The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation problem” [S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761 772

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, J. T.; Chen, I. L.; Lee, Y. T.

    2008-03-01

    Zhang and Chen [The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation problem, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228 (1999) 761-772] proposed a boundary point method (BPM) for exterior acoustic problems. The idea is similar to the CHUNKY CHIEF by Wu [A weighted residual formulation for the CHIEF method in acoustic, Journal of Acoustical Society of America 90 (1991) 1608-1614], but Chunky CHIEF provides constraints using null-field equations while the BPM used the CHUNKY BLOCK singularity outside the domain. The mathematical structure is similar to Trefftz method and method of fundamental solutions [J.T. Chen et al., On the equivalence of the Trefftz method and method of fundamental solutions for Laplace and biharmonic equations, Computers & Mathematics with Applications 53 (2007) 851-879], since the interpolation function satisfies the governing equation. Later, Wu commented twice [Sean F. Wu, Comments on "The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation" (by S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761-772), Journal of Sound and Vibration, 298 (2006) 1173]; Sean F. Wu, Comments on "Reply to the comments on 'The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation' (by S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761-772)", Journal of Sound and Vibration, 298 (2006) 1176-1177] that the formulation of BPM is wrong and the authors replied also twice [X.Z. Chen, C.X. Bi, Reply to the comments on "The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation" (by S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761-772), Journal of Sound and Vibration, 298 (2006) 1174-1175; [X.Z. Chen, C.X. Bi, Reply to the comments on "Reply to the comments on 'The boundary point method for the calculation of exterior acoustic radiation' (by S.Y. Zhang, X.Z. Chen, Journal of Sound and Vibration 228(4) (1999) 761-772)", Journal of Sound

  11. [Reiner Nürnberg, Ekkehard Höxtermann, Martina Voigt. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts] / Monika von Hirschheydt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hirschheydt, Monika von

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Nürnberg, Reiner, Höxtermann, Ekkehard, Voigt, Martina. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge eines Symposiums zum 200. Gründungsjubiläum der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse 2014

  12. Héritages mortifères. Rupture dans/de la filiation chez Ying Chen et Jane Sautière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Parent

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Les récits Nullipare (2008 de Jane Sautière et Un enfant à ma porte (2008 de Ying Chen mettent tous deux en scène des femmes qui se révèlent incapables d’être mères. Le présent article montre que cette incapacité à avoir un enfant vient du fait que pour les deux narratrices, la filiation est liée à la mort, à la perte et à l’absence ; dans les deux textes, un héritage mortifère fait rupture et empêche la filiation de se poursuivre. Jane Sautière’s Nullipare (2008 and Ying Chen’s Un enfant à ma porte (2008 both portray a woman unable to become a mother. This article shows that the inability to have a child stems from the fact that, for the narrators of each work, filiation is linked to death, to loss, and to absence; in the two texts, a deadly legacy breaks the line of filiation and prevents its continuation.

  13. "Is political behavior a viable coping strategy to perceived organizational politics? Unveiling the underlying resource dynamics": Correction to Sun and Chen (2017).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    Reports an error in "Is Political Behavior a Viable Coping Strategy to Perceived Organizational Politics? Unveiling the Underlying Resource Dynamics" by Shuhua Sun and Huaizhong Chen (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, May 22, 2017, np). In the article, Table 1 contained a formatting error. Correlation coefficient values in the last four cells of column 6 were misplaced with correlation coefficient values in the last four cells of column 7. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-22542-001.) We conduct a theory-driven empirical investigation on whether political behavior, as a coping strategy to perceived organizational politics, creates resource trade-offs in moderating the relationship between perceived organizational politics and task performance. Drawing on conservation of resources theory, we hypothesize that political behavior mitigates the adverse effect of perceived organizational politics on task performance via psychological empowerment, yet exacerbates its adverse effect on task performance via emotional exhaustion. Three-wave multisource data from a sample of 222 employees and their 75 supervisors were collected for hypothesis testing. Findings supported our hypotheses. Our study enhances understandings of the complex resource dynamics of using political behavior to cope with perceived organizational politics and highlights the need to move stress-coping research from a focus on the stress-buffering effect of coping on outcomes to a focus on the underlying competing resource dynamics. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  14. Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), in Vietnam: a molecular identification and relationships of isolates from different hosts and geographical origins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Thanh H; Van De, Nguyen; Blair, David; McManus, Donald P; Kino, Hideto; Agatsuma, Takeshi

    2006-04-01

    Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), and paragonimiasis caused by this species is a newly detected disease in Vietnam. Twelve samples of Paragonimus (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda: Digenea: Paragonimidae) from different life-stages (eggs, miracidia, metacercariae, adults from natural and experimental hosts) and host species (crab, dog, cat and human) were collected in different geographical locations in Vietnam. DNA sequences were obtained from each for partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) (387 bp) and the entire second ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) (361 bp). The ITS-2 sequences were identical among all specimens, including those previously reported in GenBank. For cox1, there were sequence differences between specimens from Vietnam (four provinces, different locations) and those from Guangxi (China) and Saraburi (Thailand). Phylogenetic trees inferred from cox1 and ITS-2 sequences using sequence data for 15 P. heterotremus and for other Paragonimus spp. revealed that all P. heterotremus originating from Vietnam, Thailand and China form a distinct group. This information also confirms the identity of the Vietnamese specimens as P. heterotremus.

  15. Measuring the impact of a 3D simulation experience on nursing students' cultural empathy using a modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everson, Naleya; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Lapkin, Samuel; Pitt, Victoria; van der Riet, Pamela; Rossiter, Rachel; Jones, Donovan; Gilligan, Conor; Courtney-Pratt, Helen

    2015-10-01

    To determine the effect of immersive 3D cultural simulation on nursing students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients. Accelerated globalisation has seen a significant increase in cultural diversity in most regions of the world over the past forty years. Clinical encounters that do not acknowledge cultural factors contribute to adverse patient outcomes and health care inequities for culturally and linguistically diverse people. Cultural empathy is an antecedent to cultural competence. Thus, appropriate educational strategies are needed to enhance nursing students' cultural empathy and the capacity to deliver culturally competent care. A one-group pretest, post-test design was used for this study. The simulation exposed students to an unfolding scene in a hospital ward of a developing county. A convenience sample of second-year undergraduate nursing students (n = 460) from a semi-metropolitan university in Australia were recruited for the study. Characteristics of the sample were summarised using descriptive statistics. T-tests were performed to analyse the differences between pre- and post simulation empathy scores using an eight item modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale. Students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients significantly improved after exposure to the 3D simulation experience. The mean scores for the Perspective Taking and Valuing Affective Empathy subscales also increased significantly postsimulation. The immersive 3D simulation had a positive impact on nursing students' empathy levels in regards to culturally and linguistically diverse groups. Research with other cohorts and in other contexts is required to further explore the impact of this educational approach. Immersive cultural simulation experiences offer opportunities to enhance the cultural empathy of nursing students. This may in turn have a positive impact on their cultural competence and consequently the quality of care they

  16. The effects of dissolved oxygen level on the metabolic interaction between digestion and locomotion in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wei; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Peng, Jiang-Lan; Chen, Bo-Jian; Fu, Shi-Jian

    2010-11-01

    To investigate the effect of dissolved oxygen level ([O(2)]) on maintenance metabolism, feeding metabolism, aerobic swimming performance and their metabolic interaction in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen), we measured the following: (1) the resting oxygen consumption rate (MO(2rest)) over a range of water [O(2)] and from this we calculated the critical oxygen tension (P(crit)) of fasting fish; (2) the postprandial MO(2) response (10% body mass meal size) at water [O(2)] of 1, 2, 4 and 8mgO(2)L(-1); and (3) the swimming performance of fasting and digesting fish at water [O(2)] of 1, 2, 4 and 8mgO(2)L(-1) at 25 degrees C. The MO(2rest) remained constant over a broad range of water [O(2)] but then dropped markedly upon reaching the P(crit) (16.4% saturation). Hypoxic groups presented lower peak postprandial MO(2) (MO(2peak)) (1mgO(2)L(-1) group), larger energy expenditure and longer digestive process (both 1 and 2mgO(2)L(-1)) than those of normoxic groups. Both critical swimming speed (U(crit)) and the active metabolic rate (MO(2active)) of fasting fish remained unchanged over a decrease in water [O(2)] from 8 to 4mgO(2)L(-1) and then decreased significantly with further decreases in water [O(2)]. These parameters in fed fish showed a pronounced decrease as water [O(2)] decreased from 8 to 1mgO(2)L(-1). Feeding caused a significantly lower U(crit) in the 2mgO(2)L(-1) water [O(2)] group, a significantly higher MO(2active) in both the 2 and 8mgL(-1) water [O(2)] groups and a significantly higher metabolic scope (MO(2active)-MO(2rest)) in both the 2 and 4mgO(2)L(-1) water [O(2)] groups compared to fasting fish. The MO(2) increased greatly with swimming speed in the higher water [O(2)] groups, whereas it leveled off as swimming speeds approached the U(crit) in the lower water [O(2)] groups. Within all water [O(2)] groups, feeding caused a higher MO(2) compared to fasting fish when fish swam at the same speeds, except in the 1mgO(2)L(-1) group. This

  17. Two phases of droplet evaporation during plasma arc spraying: reply to Chen's comment about the 'rocket' effect under conditions of thermal plasma spraying

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemchinsky, V A [Key College, 225 Dania Beach Blvd, Dania Beach, FL 33040 (United States)

    2007-07-07

    The heating history of a droplet during its flight can be divided into two phases: (a) the initial phase when evaporation, although it occurs, does not change the heat balance of the droplet much (the case considered in our previous paper and (b) the final phase when the cooling due to evaporation balances the heat flux from the plasma. The later phase is considered in Chen's comment. In our reply, a very straightforward consideration demonstrates that even in the final phase of the droplet flight, the 'rocket' effect can be significant. (reply)

  18. Struktur und Funktion von S-Layern acidophiler Bakterien und Archaeen, ihre Rolle bei der Pyrit-Oxidation sowie die Adhäsion an Oberflächen

    OpenAIRE

    Klingl, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Anhand physiologischer und morphologischer Untersuchungen an den γ-Proteobakterienstämmen SP5/1 und HV2/2 sollten Einsichten über deren Einordnung innerhalb der Gattung Acidithiobacillus erlangt werden. Zusätzlich waren die Charakterisierung der Surface Layer des Acidithiobacillus-Isolates SP5/1 und von M. sedula TH2, sowie deren mögliche Funktionen und ihre Rolle bei der Interaktion mit Oberflächen von besonderem Interesse. Angesichts der Ergebnisse, welche aus der Sequenzierung der 16S ...

  19. Claire Shen Hsiu-chen, L’Encre et l’Ecran. A la recherche de la stylistique cinématographique chinoise, Hou Hsiao-hsien et Zhang Yimou (Ink and the Screen : In Search of Chinese Film Stylistics, Hou Hsiao-hsien and Zhang Yimou)

    OpenAIRE

    Reynaud, Bérénice

    2006-01-01

    Reading Claire Shen Hsiu-chen gave me the impression several times of discovering a kindred spirit, so closely does the first part of her book confirm some of my analyses. Like her, I sought to scrutinise the Chinese pictorial and cosmological tradition in order to find the origins of Hou Hsiao-hsien’s directing, which is both specific to an original author and rooted in Taiwanese history and tradition. We have read the same texts (those of François Chen, Noel Burch, Michel Chion and Yeh Yueh...

  20. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

  1. MARGA_Chen et al_2016

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — These data describe the chromatography characteristics of the MARGA instrument software as compared to an alternative, independent technique for chromatogram...

  2. Immunogenicity of novel sulfadimethoxide conjugates | Chen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SDM antibodies are useful for the detection of residual SDM in foods, feeds and biological fluids by ELISA. In this study, we show that SDM is immunogenic in rabbits when it is conjugated with soy 11S globulin or with β- amylase. Rabbit ...

  3. Reinigung superhydrophober Oberflächen

    OpenAIRE

    Dallmann, Silke

    2011-01-01

    The unique surface structure of the lotus leaf in combination with hydrophobic epicuticular wax crystalloids results in extreme water repellency and self-cleaning properties. In recent years biomimetic superhydrophobic surfaces have been fabricated by mimicking the structure of the lotus leaf. The biggest problem of the fine surface roughness is the sensitivity to oily contaminants and mechanical stress which limit the application of technical superhydrophobic sur...

  4. Blazar Sequence in Fermi Era Liang Chen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    HSP) blazars indicates that this simple analysis should be problematic. So does the discovery of numerous low-power-low-sychrotron-peaked (LP-LSP) blazars. If a blazar has a less beaming jet, its synchrotron bump should peak at lower fre- quency and lower power. Therefore, beaming effect may account for HP-HSP and.

  5. 羅振玉日本教育考察與晚清學制制定的關係 Chen-Yu Lo’ Educational Visit to Japan and the Drafting of School Systems in Late Ch’ing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    周愚文 Yu-Wen Chou

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available 羅振玉早年關心農業與教育,曾辦東文學社教日語,出版《農報》,譯農書,故受張之洞聘請,掌湖北農務局及農學堂。1901年辛丑詔改各省書院為學堂,獲張之洞與劉坤一共薦率員考察日本教育兩個月。先後訪談重要政教人物,參訪東京、京都、奈良等地學校24所,蒐購中小學教科書及理化器材。因時短、行程緊湊及語言限制,未讀前人考察紀錄,自認收穫有限。返國後,他曾獲張之洞五次接見,並命向鄂官員講說教育。又代張之洞擬教育制度草案欲與劉督會奏,但因劉屬官反對遂寢。他遂出版訪日紀錄及資料,並發表〈學制私議〉等文建議興學,部分被鄂參採。當朝廷擬訂壬寅及癸卯學制時,羅未參與而資料只供參考,但章程規定中小學堂學科八科及小學堂以學國語為主等二項,可能與其建議有關。隨行陳毅曾譯日教育法規並兩度遊日,起草奏定章程時,當不會只憑文獻閉門造車,但主政者乏直接經驗,故教育借用日制時難盡合國情。 Chen-Yu Lo had concern about agriculture and education. He was invited by Governor-General Chih-tung Chang to preside over the Agriculture Department of Hubei and its Agriculture School. In 1901, ordered by Chang and Governor-General Kun-I Liu, he led a group of delegates to visit educational institutions in Japan. Within two months, he discussed with influential politicians and educators, visited 24 schools in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara, and purchased elementary and secondary school textbooks and laboratory equipments. When he returned, he had five meetings with Chang, and lectured on education for Hubei officials. On behalf of Chang, Lo had drafted a new educational system, and it was to be presented to the throne by Chang and Liu, however, the proposal was withdrawn due to the objections of Liu’s subordinates. Later, Lo made the collected

  6. The Preparation of an Ultrastable Mesoporous Cr(III)-MOF via Reductive Labilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-02

    III)- MOF via reductive labilization† Xizhen Lian,a Dawei Feng,a Ying-Pin Chen,ab Tian-Fu Liu,a Xuan Wanga and Hong-Cai Zhou*ab Kinetic labilization of...functionalities, metal– organic frameworks ( MOFs ) have demonstrated promising applications in gas storage, separation, catalysis, guest moiety immobilization...the chemical robustness of the framework by a redox reaction.7 Based on the Hard and So Acid and Base (HSAB) prin- ciple,28 chemically robust MOFs

  7. Antioxidant activities of seed extracts from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. NJ TONUKARI

    2011-09-21

    Sep 21, 2011 ... luxurious furniture and crafts, but also used in the pharmaceutical industry. The dried heartwood or root of the plant is an important traditional Chinese medicine ..... concentrations (Brand et al., 1995). However, the PE and BE did not show a leveling off with increasing concentration. As a result, the radical.

  8. Mitochondrial genome of Taiwan pig ( Sus Scrofa ) | Chen | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the Taiwan Lanyu pig (Sus scrofa) and its phylogenetic relationships with other pig breeds. Thirty-four forward and reverse primers were designed. Sequencing was performed in both directions. The results showed ...

  9. Food Fortification to Prevent and Control Iron Deficiency | Chen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development ... of increasing the level of iron consumption resulting in improved nutritional status. ... followed by a description of ways of protecting and enhancing the absorption of fortification ...

  10. Massive Star Formation: Accreting from Companion X. Chen1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    system composed of a diffuse object (possible nebulae or UC HII region) and a Massive Young Stellar Object (MYSO) seen in Spitzer IRAC image. The diffuse object and MYSO are connected by the ... Infrared: ISM—stars: formation—ISM: jets and outflows. 1. Introduction. The dynamics processes in Massive Star Formation ...

  11. Food Fortification to Prevent and Control Iron Deficiency | Chen ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is essential to prevent the fortification iron from reacting with the absorption inhibitors. To ensure adequate absorption therefore, various factors must be considered before initiating a fortification programme. These include cost effectiveness of fortification in increasing absorbable iron, palatability of the fortified food and the ...

  12. C. Huang , G. Zhao , HW Zhang & YQ Chen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    to get near to their central stars (Udry et al. 2003). The facts imply that maybe the. [Si/Fe]-high cloud would not be easy to form massive planets. The extrasolar planet systems' discoveries may be influenced by the selection effects. However, most of the. [Si/Fe]-rich planet hosts gather inside 1 AU of semimajor and their ...

  13. Initiation and Propagation of Coronal Mass Ejections P. F. Chen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , which is generated at the tachocline layer, emerges throughout the convection zone and the lower atmosphere into the tenuous corona. The coronal field keeps adjusting to a more and more complex magnetic structure in a quasi-steady way.

  14. Dynamics of fractional-ordered Chen system with delay

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of fractional calculus to various branches of science and engineering have been real- ized only recently. It is becoming more and more clear that derivatives and integrals of non-integer orders are not mere mathematical curiosities but many processes, such as dielectric polarization [1], diffusion [2–5], viscoelastic systems [6] ...

  15. Identifying internet marketing principles relevant to generic marketers / Ayesha Lian Bevan-Dye

    OpenAIRE

    Bevan-Dye, Ayesha Lian

    2005-01-01

    To deliver the type of marketing graduate that meets industry demand necessitates that marketing curricula content be continuously updated to keep pace with the dynamic marketing environment. One of the major trends influencing the twenty-first century marketing environment is the advent of the Internet and substantial growth in Internet usage and Internet-based commerce. Not only is the Internet driving major marketing environmental change, it is also emerging as a new marketing tool of sign...

  16. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Metallicity evolution of COSMOS BCD sample (Lian+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lian, J.; Hu, N.; Fang, G.; Ye, C.; Kong, X.

    2018-02-01

    To study low-mass galaxies outside the local universe, we selected a blue compact dwarf (BCD) sample at intermediate redshift in the Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS) deep field and then performed followup spectroscopic observation using Hectospec on the Multiple Mirror Telescope (MMT). We selected the BCD sample from a public Ks selected catalog of the COSMOS field (Muzzin et al. 2013, J/ApJS/206/8). The observations of these BCDs using the Hectospec/MMT were carried out in 2015 February. Each fiber has a diameter of 1.5" (corresponding to 5 kpc at z=0.2) and covers most of the light of BCDs at intermediate redshift. (2 data files).

  17. Lanthanide metal-organic frameworks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cheng, Peng (ed.) [Nankai Univ., Tianjin (China). Dept. of Chemistry

    2015-03-01

    This book contains the following nine chapters: lanthanide metal-organic frameworks: syntheses, properties, and potential applications (Stephen Fordham, Xuan Wang, Mathieu Bosch, Hong-Cai Zhou); 2. chiral lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Weisheng Liu, Xiaoliang Tang); 3. Porous lanthanide metal-organic frameworks for gas storage and separation (Bin Li, Banglin Chen); 4. Luminescent lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Xue-Zhi Song, Shu-Yan Song, Hong-Jie Zhang); 5. Metal-organic frameworks based on lanthanide clusters (Lian Chen, Feilong Jiang, Kang Zhou, Mingyan Wu, Maochun Hong); 6. metal-organic frameworks with d-f cyanide bridges: structural diversity, bonding regime, and magnetism (Marilena Ferbinteanu, Fanica Cimpoesu, Stefania Tanase); 7. transition-lanthanide heterometal-organic frameworks: synthesis, structures, and properties (Wei Shi, Ke Liu, Peng Cheng); 8: MOFs of uranium and the actinides (Juan Su, Jiesheng Chen); 9. Nanostructured and/or nanoscale lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Zhonghao Zhang, Zhiping Zheng).

  18. Woody plants of Western African forests, A guide to the forest trees, shrubs and lianes from Senegal to Ghana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hawthorne, W.D.; Jongkind, C.C.H.

    2006-01-01

    A guide to the identification of all the woody plants (c. 2,250 species in 740 genera) of the forest region of West Africa called 'Upper Guinea', between Togo and Senegal. Upper Guinea is one of the world's most important centres of biodiversity, from the mountain forests of Liberia, Guinea and

  19. Commentary on “An evolutionary framework for cultural change: Selectionism versus communal exchange” by Liane Gabora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffman, Stuart

    2013-06-01

    There is surely some truth to the notion that culture evolves, but the Darwinian view of culture is trivial. Gabora does two things in this paper. First, she levels a reasoned and devastating attack on the adequacy of a Darwinian theory of cultural evolution, showing that cultural evolution violates virtually all prerequisites to be encompassed by Darwin's standard theory. Second, she advances the central concept that it is whole world views that evolve. A world view emerges when the capacity of memories to evoke one another surpasses a phase transition yielding a richly interconnected conceptual web, a world view. She proposes that cultural evolves not through a Darwinian process such as meme theory, but through communal exchange of facets of world views. Each section of her argument is completely convincing.

  20. A Holistic, Non-algorithmic View of Cultural Evolution: Commentary on Review Article by Prof. Liane Gabora

    OpenAIRE

    Kauffman, Stuart

    2014-01-01

    There is surely some truth to the notion that culture evolves, but the Darwinian view of culture is trivial. Gabora does two things in this paper. First, she levels a reasoned and devastating attack on the adequacy of a Darwinian theory of cultural evolution, showing that cultural evolution violates virtually all prerequisites to be encompassed by Darwin's standard theory. Second, she advances the central concept that it is whole world views that evolve. A world view emerges when the capacity...

  1. Chen et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(1):15-22

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    x300mm,Japan ) column. The columns were eluted with 0.1M nitric acid and calibrated with ..... Mushiake, H, Tsunoda, T, Nukatsuka,M, Shimao K, Fukushima M, Tahara H. (2005). Dendritic cells might be one of key factors for eliciting antitumor ...

  2. Chen et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(1):15-22

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    1Medical School of Taizhou University, Taizhou, Zhejiang 318000, China, 2College of .... 3 ml of ice-cold staining buffer was then added with the incubation for 5 min at 4℃ followed by 200 ..... Timeline: Chemotherapy and the war on cancer.

  3. Modellierung von Oberflächen mit Diskontinuitäten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borkowski, Andrzej

    The laser scanning provides very dense information about the surface to be modelled in the form of a irregularly distributed points cloud {x, y, z} from R3. Such dense information makes possible an efficient modelling of characteristic structures of the terrain surface like discontinuities, which are necessary for high-qualitative description of the surface. Simultaneously, the points not belonging to the modelled surface (for example: reflexes from buildings, trees etc.) stand a very important influence on the obtained data. During the modelling process, such data should be effectively filtered from the whole data set. The laser scanning data can be efficiently elaborated by the use of deformable models of curves and surfaces. These models base on the physical principle of energy-minimizing and are presented as the solution of variational problem. The total energy consists both of internal and external energy. The external energy, depending on a context is generated by the data; in most cases it describes a deviation between the data and a model. The algorithms and approaches developed in this work have been tested on real data sets obtained by a laser scanning. Furthermore, a qualitative consideration of a modelling has been given. Finally, some hints for user according the steering and operating of the approaches have been presented.

  4. Reaktionen gesättigter Kohlenwasserstoffe in der Gasphase und an Oberflächen

    OpenAIRE

    Ryll, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit konnte erstmals gezeigt werden, dass die Konvertierung von Methan zu Acetylen mit Ausbeuten von über 99 % und Selektivitäten größer als 200:1 mit dem Einsatz von „continious wave“ (cw) Mikrowellenplasmen großtechnisch möglich ist. Im Gegensatz zu vorangegangenen Arbeiten[1,3,5,6] konnte der Vorteil von cw Mikrowellenplasmen in Bezug auf Ausbeute und Selektivität herausgestellt werden. Die vielfach beschriebenen Probleme der Rußbildung[7,8] konnten mit dem Einsatz d...

  5. In search of low cost titanium: the fray farthing chen (FFC) cambridge process

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, SJ

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available . Topics explored include the history of the process, attempts at commercial- ization, NASA?s alternative application, and present status of the process. Keywords FFC Cambridge, titanium, molten salt. * Materials Science and Manufacturing, CSIR.... Oxygen production for rocket propulsion promises by far the greatest cost and mass saving of any off-world in situ resource utilization (ISRU). Since the 1960s most work on lunar resource utilization focused on the mineral ilmenite (FeTiO3...

  6. Untersuchung der Nährstoffauswaschung unter Schotterrasenflächen an einem inneralpinen Standort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slawitsch, Veronika; Birk, Steffen; Pötsch, Erich M.

    2016-09-01

    Surface stabilisation by planted gravel turf is a reliable alternative to conventionally-paved parking lots. At the HBLFA Raumberg-Gumpenstein test site, biennial nutrient concentrations in seepage water and nutrient leachate fluxes were analysed using six gravity lysimeters. Two different materials (limestone with 10 % humus and recycled building material with 10 % compost) were investigated. Seepage water fluxes showed better infiltration for lime gravel materials in comparison to recycled building materials. The nutrient concentrations and leachate flux showed significantly higher values in the recycled building materials in both years of the experiment. Both materials showed a decrease in nutrient concentration and leaching from the first to the second year. The nitrate threshold concentration given by the drinking water directive (Trinkwasserverordnung BGBI. I Nr. 21/2001) was met for lime materials but was exceeded by a factor of three for recycled building materials within the first year. In terms of groundwater protection, the high risk of nitrate leaching in the first year has to be considered if using recycled building material.

  7. On the automatic link between affect and tendencies to approach and avoid : Chen and Bargh revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rotteveel, M.; Gierholz, A.; Koch, G.; van Aalst, C.; Pinto, Y.; Matzke, D.; Steingroever, H.; Verhagen, J.; Beek, T.F.; Selker, R.; Sasiadek, A.; Wagenmakers, E.-J.

    2015-01-01

    Within the literature on emotion and behavioral action, studies on approach-avoidance take up a prominent place. Several experimental paradigms feature successful conceptual replications but many original studies have not yet been replicated directly. We present such a direct replication attempt of

  8. Über Schwächen und Stärken des Völkerrechts

    OpenAIRE

    Kunig, Philip

    2015-01-01

    Zu beiden Fragen für das deutsche Rechtssystem Philip Kunig, Verfassungsrecht und einfaches Recht ― Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit und Fachgerichtsbarkeit, in: Veröffentlichungen der Vereinigung der Deutschen Staatsrechtslehrer 61 (2001), 34

  9. In search of low cost titanium: the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge process

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, SJ

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available of aggressive/reactive chemicals to deliver “titanium sponge”, which requires capital and labor intensive product recovery, handling and processing. The batches of titanium sponge are produced over several days in steel vessels, delivering around 10 tons... in technology transfer, innovation management and investment rounds from seed to IPO. 2002 – 2003 COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR, HEAD PORTER, CAMBRIDGE, UK • Head Porter is a wireless technology start-up company founded by four students at the University...

  10. Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners in Mussel and other mollusc from Da Chen Island, East China Sea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, S.G.; Xi, Z.Q.; Xu, X.B [Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Academia Sinica, Beijing (China)

    1995-11-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are among the most persistent and toxic pollutants in environment. Determination of these contaminants in fish, shellfish and other mollusc is very important, not only because these aquatics are important food for mankind, but also because they can bioconcentrate contaminants preferentially in their adipose tissue, and serve as biomarker of the aquatic pollution. Mussels and oysters have been widely used to monitor the pollution in the coastal environment. The aim of the study was to investigate the concentrations and the main source of PCBs in mussels and other mollusca from the coastal areas of East China Sea. 10 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  11. Pemberian Suaka Diplomatik Kepada Tahanan Rumah Chen Guang Cheng Oleh Kedutaan Besar Amerika Serikat Di Beijing

    OpenAIRE

    Wulandari, Ayu Indah

    2017-01-01

    Asylum is the grant of protection granted by a State to an individual or more who requests it and the reason why the individual or individuals are protected is based on humanitarian, religious, racial, political, and so forth (refugee grounds; Ride on life) and Intervention is a form of state intervention on the affairs or sovereignty of another State. The purpose of this study is to Know and understand the suitability between the grant of Diplomatic Asylum conducted by the United States E...

  12. Verfahren zur Identifizierung von oberflächen-adhäsiven Peptidsequenzen

    OpenAIRE

    Grunwald, Ingo; Colombi Ciacchi, Lucio; Steckbeck, Sascha

    2014-01-01

    Characterizing surface adhesive properties of a peptide or protein by: providing a sample mixture containing two or more peptide fragments of a peptide or protein; determining the masses of the peptide fragments by a mass spectrometry and creating a reference peptide mass fingerprint; applying the sample mixture in an inorganic or organic substrate surface with respect to the surface adhesive properties; determining the masses of the peptide fragments not bound to the substrate surface and cr...

  13. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Sample of Fermi Blazars (Chen+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Y.-Y.; Zhang, X.; Xiong, D.-R.; Wang, S.-J.; Yu, X.-L.

    2016-04-01

    We tried to select a large number of blazars with reliable redshift, radio core and extended radio luminosity at 1.4GHz. Firstly, we considered the following samples of blazars to get the radio core luminosity and extended luminosity at 1.4GHz: Kharb et al. (2010, J/ApJ/710/764), Antonucci & Ulvestad (1985ApJ...294..158A), Cassaro et al. (1999A&AS..139..601C), Murphy et al. (1993MNRAS.264..298M), Landt & Bignall (2008MNRAS.391..967L), Caccianiga & Marcha (2004, Cat. J/MNRAS/348/973), Giroletti et al. (2004). We cross-correlated these samples with the Fermi LAT Third Source Catalog (3FGL), and we acquired the 3FGL spectral index and energy flux at 0.1-100GeV from clean sources in 3FGL (Fermi-LAT Collaboration 2015, J/ApJS/218/23) Using these catalogs, we compiled 201 Fermi blazars. (1 data file).

  14. Chen's double sieve, Goldbach's conjecture and the twin prime problem, 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, J.

    For every even integer N, denote by D_{1,2}(N) the number of representations of N as a sum of a prime and an integer having at most two prime factors. In this paper, we give a new lower bound for D_{1,2}(N).

  15. AtCCX1 transports Na + and K + in Pitch pastoris | Chen | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yeast expressing AtCCX1 grew better in high H+ concentration medium and high salt medium than original strain and increased Na+ accumulation and decreased K+ accumulation. AtCCX1 was located in tonoplast in yeast. Transport essays were indicated by fluorescence SBFI and PBFI, respectively. Results show that ...

  16. Microvariability Detection of Mrk 421 Xu Chen, Shao Ming Hu & Di ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University, 180 Cultural West Road,. Weihai, Shandong 264209, China. ∗ e-mail: husm@sdu.edu.cn. Abstract. BL Lac ... but no significant microvariability was detected during our observations. Key words. AGN—HBL—Mrk 421—microvariability. 1. Introduction. The BL Lac ...

  17. Metabolic and histopathological profile of Rattus norvegicus (Wistar) experimentally infected by Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Chen, 1935).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Juberlan Silva; Lúcio, Camila dos Santos; Bonfim, Tatiane Cristina dos Santos; Junior, Arnaldo Maldonado; Tunholi, Victor Menezes; Tunholi-Alves, Vinícius Menezes; Mota, Esther Maria; Simões, Raquel de Oliveira; Santana, André Campos; Hooper, Cleber; Pinheiro, Jairo; Bóia, Marcio Neves

    2014-02-01

    Eosinophilic meningitis is a disease characterized by increased eosinophils in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is the most commonly caused by invasion of the central nervous system by helminths, as occurs in Angiostrongylus cantonensis infections. The rodent Rattus norvegicus is the definitive natural host and humans act as accidental hosts and can become infected by eating raw or undercooked snails or food contaminated with infective L3 larvae. Recently in Brazil there have been four cases of eosinophilic meningitis due to ingestion of infected Achatina fulica. To evaluate biochemical and histopathological changes caused by this parasite, R. norvegicus were experimentally infected with 100 L3 larvae of A. cantonensis. After the anesthetic procedure, serum from the rodents was collected from the inferior vena cava for evaluation of the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALKP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total protein and its fractions. During the necropsy, the liver was collected and weighed. Then a 1-g fragment was extracted from the major lobe to quantify the hepatic glycogen and fragment remainder was taken from the same lobe and fixed in Milloning's formalin for histopathological examination. Additionally, helminths were collected from the brain and lungs of the rodents. The activities of AST, ALT, ALKP and GGT in the serum and hepatic glycogen increased in response to infection, while the levels of globulin and total protein increased only in the eighth week of infection and there was a reduction in the levels of serum glucose. Albumin and bilirubin concentrations remained stable during the experiment. Infection with A. cantonensis caused metabolic and histopathological changes in the rodents. This study can contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between A. cantonensis and R. norvegicus. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Red giant star sample from SDSS (Chen+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Y. Q.; Zhao, G.; Carrell, K.; Zhao, J. K.; Tan, K. F.; Nissen, P. E.; Wei, P.

    2017-05-01

    Based on the SDSS DR9 database, we selected stars with (g-r)0 color in the range of 0.1 to 1.0 mag, and log g less than 3.5 dex for each metallicity bin ranging from [Fe/H]AJ....136.2022L, 2008, J/AJ/136/2050, 2011, J/AJ/141/90; Allende Prieto et al. 2008AJ....136.2070A; Smolinski et al. 2011, J/AJ/141/89). As described in Ahn et al. (2012ApJS..203...21A), the updated SSPP adopts a much-improved color-temperature relation from the InfraRed Flux Method Casagrande et al. (2010, J/A+A/512/A54), and the estimates of surface gravity and metallicity have been thoroughly recalibrated based on results from high-resolution observations. An estimate of the internal uncertainties of the SSPP is ~50 K for Teff, ~0.12 dex for log g, and ~0.10 dex for [Fe/H]. In order to avoid early-type stars, we limit the stars to have SSPP temperatures from 3000 K to 10000 K and a signal-to-noise ratio larger than 10. (1 data file).

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: S2CLS: multiwavelength counterparts to SMGs (Chen+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, C.-C.; Smail, I.; Ivison, R. J.; Arumugam, V.; Almaini, O.; Conselice, C. J.; Geach, J. E.; Hartley, W. G.; Ma, C.-J.; Mortlock, A.; Simpson, C.; Simpson, J. M.; Swinbank, A. M.; Aretxaga, I.; Blain, A.; Chapman, S. C.; Dunlop, J. S.; Farrah, D.; Halpern, M.; Michalowski, M. J.; van der Werf, P.; Wilkinson, A.; Zavala, J. A.

    2016-05-01

    The SCUBA-2 data at 850um in the UDS field were taken as part of the SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS). The full data reduction steps are described fully in J. E. Geach et al. (2016, in preparation). In total we detect 1088 submillimeter sources at >=3.5σ within the region where rms noise is =4.0σ, for which we expect a false detection rate of ~1% based on simulations and source extractions on negative signals. We also define a supplementary sample of 372 submillimeter sources that are detected at 3.5-4.0σ and have a false detection rate of ~10%. In this paper, we provide counterpart candidates for both main and supplementary samples; however, the scientific analyses were performed on the main sample. We have carried out ALMA follow-up observations at 870um on 30 of the brighter SCUBA-2 sources in a Cycle 1 project 2012.1.00090.S (Simpson et al. 2015ApJ...807..128S, 2015ApJ...799...81S). The K-band-based multiwavelength photometry adopted in this paper is based on the UDS data release 8 (DR8) of the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS; Lawrence et al. 2007, see II/319). The VLA radio observations at 1.4GHz (20cm) were carried out by the project UDS20 (V. Arumugam et al. 2016, in preparation), which comprises a mosaic of 14 pointings covering a total area of ~1.3deg2 centered on the UDS. The ~1 square degree UDS field contains a rich set of ancillary data (see section 2 for further details). (2 data files).

  20. Peculiar Physical Properties of HST-1 in M87 Y. J. Chen , G.-Y. Zhao ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This work was supported in part by the grants 10625314, 10633010 and 10821302,. KJCX2-YW-T03, 2007CB815405, the CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Pro- gram for Creative Research Teams, and the Science and Technology Commission of. Shanghai Municipality (09ZR1437400). References. Acciari, V. A. et al.

  1. Calibrating the Shan-Chen lattice Boltzmann model for immiscible displacement in porous media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Britt Stenhøj Baun; Schaap, M.G.; Wildenschild, D.

    2006-01-01

    physical system; in this case observed oil-water displacement experiments. For this purpose, we use simple, well-characterized, two-fluid-phase systems that furthermore function as a test of the code. The calibrated model is shown to produce realistic capillary pressures, within the pressure range...

  2. Effects of different cleaning treatments on heavy metal removal of Panax notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahui, Liu; Na, Xu; Li, Wang; Xiuming, Cui; Lanping, Guo; Zhihui, Zhang; Jiajin, Wang; Ye, Yang

    2014-01-01

    The quality and safety of Panax notoginseng products has become a focus of concern in recent years. Contamination with heavy metals is one of the important factors as to P. notoginseng safety. Cleaning treatments can remove dust, soil, impurities or even heavy metals and pesticide residues on agricultural products. But effects of cleaning treatments on the heavy metal content of P. notoginseng roots have still not been studied. In order to elucidate this issue, the effects of five different cleaning treatments (CK, no treatment; T1, warm water (50°C) washing; T2, tap water (10°C) washing; T3, drying followed by polishing; and T4, drying followed by tap water (10°C) washing) on P. notoginseng roots' heavy metal (Cu, Pb, Cd, As and Hg) contents were studied. The results showed that heavy metal (all five) content in the three parts all followed the order of hair root > rhizome > root tuber under the same treatment. Heavy metal removals were in the order of Hg > As > Pb > Cu > Cd. Removal efficiencies of the four treatments were in the order of T2 > T1 > T3 > T4. Treatments (T1-T4) could decrease the contents of heavy metal in P. notoginseng root significantly. Compared with the requirements of WM/T2-2004, P. notoginseng roots' heavy metal contents of Cu, Pb, As and Hg were safe under treatments T1 and T2. In conclusion, the cleaning process after production was necessary and could reduce the content of heavy metals significantly. Fresh P. notoginseng root washed with warm water (T2) was the most efficient treatment to remove heavy metal and should be applied in production.

  3. VizieR Online Data Catalog: GTC transit light curves of WASP-52b (Chen+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, G.; Palle, E.; Nortmann, L.; Murgas, F.; Parviainen, H.; Nowak, G.

    2017-04-01

    We provide here the transit light curves of the hot Jupiter WASP-52b obtained on the night of 2015/08/28 using the OSIRIS instrument at the 10.4-m GTC telescope. The data was obtained by using OSIRIS through a 40-arcsec broad slit with the R1000R grism. The white-color light curve covers the wavelength range of 515-905nm, with 755-765nm being excluded. The spectroscopic light curves contain 22 channels of 16.5nm, 3 channels of 1.6nm, and 1 channel of 1.8nm. We provide several auxiliary parameters of the observations, some of which we have used to correct the data from correlated noise, including the position drift of the stars on the CCD detector in spatial and dispersion direction, the relative change in the FWHM of absorption line (dispersion FWHM), seeing (spatial FWHM), air mass, and rotator angle. (3 data files).

  4. Die Beifuß-Ambrosie auf Ackerflächen - ein Problem?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verschwele, Arnd

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia is spreading on agricultural fields in Germany, mainly in Brandenburg and Bayern. Competitive crops like winter cereals and oilseed-rape can reduce growth of this plant better than spring crops. In maize or cereals a chemical control is possible, but problems may arise because of the late emergence of ragweed and its high ability to regrowth. In crops like sunflower or lupines herbicide choice is limited and thus preventive control measures are crucial. An integrated approach is needed in order to avoid yield losses and to stop the spreading of ragweed in Germany.

  5. Retraction: "Identification of Novel Biomarkers for Pancreatic Cancer Using Integrated Transcriptomics With Functional Pathways Analysis" by Zhang, X., Tong, P., Chen, J., Pei, Z., Zhang, X., Chen, W., Xu, J. and Wang, J.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-01

    The above article from the Journal of Cellular Physiology, published online on 10 March 2016 in Wiley Online Library as Early View (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1002/jcp.25353/), has been retracted by agreement between Gary Stein, the journal's Editor-in-Chief, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation at the University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, which confirmed that the article was submitted and approved for publication by Dr. Jin Wang without acknowledgement of NIH funding received or the consent and authorship of Dr. Ann Killary and Dr. Subrata Sen, with whom the manuscript was originally drafted. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Erste Erfahrungen mit RDA an wissenschaftlichen Universalbibliotheken in Deutschland - Ergebnisse aus Fokusgruppengesprächen mit Katalogisierenden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidrun Wiesenmüller

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Einige Monate nach dem Umstieg auf das neue Regelwerk "Resource Description and Access" (RDA wurden an 18 großen deutschen wissenschaftlichen Universalbibliotheken Fokusgruppengespräche mit Katalogisierererinnen und Katalogisierern durchgeführt. Die Katalogisierenden wurden u.a. befragt, wie sicher sie sich bei der Anwendung von RDA fühlen, was sie am neuen Regelwerk gut oder schlecht finden, wie sie den Aufwand im Vergleich zum früheren Regelwerk RAK einschätzen, welche Informations- und Hilfsmittel sie verwenden und wie sie zu den regelmäßigen Änderungen im Standard stehen. Der vorliegende Aufsatz dokumentiert die Ergebnisse der Gespräche.   Several months after the introduction of the new cataloging standard "Resource Description and Access" (RDA, focus-group interviews with catalogers were conducted at 18 large academic and state libraries in Germany. Among other things, the catalogers were asked how confident they feel in applying RDA, which aspects of the new cataloging code they like or do not like, how they estimate the expenditure of time in comparison to the former cataloging code RAK, which sources they use to get help or information, and what they think about the frequent changes to the new standard. The paper presents the results of these interviews.

  7. Helical Magnetic Fields in AGN Jets Y. J. Chen1,2,∗ , G.-Y. Zhao1,2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. We establish a simple model to describe the helical mag- netic fields in AGN jets projected on the sky plane and the line-of-sight. This kind of profile has been detected in the polarimetric VLBI observa- tion of many blazar objects, suggesting the existence of helical magnetic fields in these sources. Key words.

  8. Effect of temperature on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) following exhaustive exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Ling-Qing; Zhang, Yao-Guang; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Fu, Shi-Jian

    2010-12-01

    The effects of temperature on resting oxygen consumption rate (MO2rest) and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) after exhaustive exercise (chasing) were measured in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis) (8.40±0.30 g, n=40) to test whether temperature has a significant influence on MO2rest, maximum post-exercise oxygen consumption rate (MO2peak) and EPOC and to investigate how metabolic scope (MS: MO2peak - MO2rest) varies with acclimation temperature. The MO2rest increased from 64.7 (10°C) to 160.3 mg O2 h(-1) kg(-1) (25°C) (PEPOC varied from 32.9 min at 10°C to 345 min at 20°C, depending on the acclimation temperatures. The MS values of the lower temperature groups (10 and 15°C) were significantly smaller than those of the higher temperature groups (20, 25 and 30°C) (PEPOC varied ninefold among all of the temperature groups and was the largest for the 20°C temperature group (about 422.4 mg O2 kg(-1)). These results suggested that (1) the acclimation temperature had a significant effect on maintenance metabolism (as indicated by MO2rest) and the post-exercise metabolic recovery process (as indicated by MO2peak, duration and magnitude of EPOC), and (2) the change of the MS as a function of acclimation temperature in juvenile southern catfish might be related to their high degree of physiological flexibility, which allows them to adapt to changes in environmental conditions in their habitat in the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.

  9. J. Chen1, Z.-Q. Shen1, H. Sudou3, S. Iguchi4, Y. Murata5

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    4National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan. 5The Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan. 6Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University,. Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan. ∗ e-mail: gyzhao@shao.ac.cn. Abstract. It was argued that 3C ...

  10. Chem TV: Choices I, v. 1.5.1 (by B. A. Luceigh, P. Ngo, and J. Chen)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraig Steffen, L.

    1999-08-01

    CHEM TV: Sunland, CA, 1998. 24.95, students; 59.95, faculty. This CD-ROM presents a series of interactive overviews and drills for students of organic chemistry. The material covered is generally taught in the first semester. This suite is much more than a simple presentation of material and, for students sufficiently motivated to take the time and work with the problems, will provide valuable review. Five interactive spaces are provided: concentration drills that emphasize recall of related structures/names, reagents/reactions, and stereochemistry; a structural review based on epinephrine; interactive synthesis projects; arcade game reagent review; and a set of timed self-tests. The CD-ROM installed and ran without problem on a Power PC Mac and on a Pentium running Windows 95. The program did fail to run when a student reviewing it switched to a very new version of Windows Quick Time. Most of the drills ran without a problem, although at times it was unclear how to respond to queries. I turned off the music, which would be much less annoying if the loops were simply longer. Publishers are flooding the market with add-on computer-based materials for the various levels of chemistry. Many constitute little more than a stack of overheads. This is one that may be of sufficient value to warrant the extra cost. A large number of examples are provided for many of the areas covered. Most of the graphical interfaces are clear and easy to manipulate, with the exception of a couple of mechanistic screens that had hard-to-figure-out arrows. Two sections, or modules, are of special note. The first of these is the synthesis challenges, where students must choose reactants, reagents, and reaction conditions for a particular reaction. These synthesis problems are well thought out and can be challenging. It is unfortunate that there are only five of them. The Self-Tests module is also of great practical value, forcing students to work through a variety of topics (200 problems) with limited time allotted per test. The structures are clear and easy to view and include a large number of three-dimensional molecular models that help make the connection between simple line drawings and actual molecules. More feedback information on incorrect answers would be nice, although it is obvious that this can balloon into an unworkable situation if every possible "wrong" answer is considered. The structure summary, which uses a single complicated molecule to review a large range of structural topics, is a good integrated look at bonding, stereochemistry, and conformational analysis. The concentration game is informative, albeit a bit obtuse on a few of the answers! The selection drills, a shooting gallery game with various chemical targets, seems a bit silly, but then if one can learn to recognize all the major reducing agents by snagging butterflies with faux nets than this could be helpful! With its varying levels of difficulty, this set of modules should be accessible even to weaker students and yet will provide a challenge for the more advanced. A great future addition would be an interactive module builder that allows faculty to modify existing questions and add their own. How can one effectively use this program? The relatively low cost does make it accessible for individual students to purchase, perhaps as a "recommended" item for the class. Another very practical option is to purchase 5-10 copies (assuming a class size of around 30-40) and make them available through a common computer laboratory (or an appropriate network site-license arrangement) or for check-out to small groups of students. One drawback is that only about 1/3 of the major topics that fill the year in organic are covered. I have used some of the drills as in-class interactive examples with a projector and laptop. This type of interactive tutorial-quiz-based program is a welcome change from the simple textbook on a CD-ROM approach. Given easy access to computers and an environment that encourages individual and small-group interactions, I believe this program can be a worthwhile aid for students of organic chemistry.

  11. Methodology of Leaving America for Asia: Reading South Korea's Social Studies Textbooks through Chen Kuan-Hsing's Asia as Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, Jeong-eun

    2013-01-01

    This project began as a content analysis of five South Korean high school Social Studies textbooks. Yet, it has evolved into an epistemological experiment to pursue the question of "what does it mean to leave America for Asia, at least methodologically, for the researcher who left Asia for America?" Using the textbooks as a mediating…

  12. Untersuchung ausgewählter Oberflächen-, Grund- und Bodenwasserproben auf Perchlorat in Deutschland: Erste Ergebnisse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheytt, Traugott J.; Freywald, Jessika; Ptacek, Carol J.

    2011-03-01

    Perchlorate is a component found in solid rocket fuels, explosives, fireworks, and road flares. In addition, perchlorate is a minor component of natural salt deposits in semiarid and arid regions. Discharge and storage areas as well as accidents are potential sources for perchlorate contamination of aquatic systems. Perchlorate has been detected in surface water and groundwater from several places worldwide. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether perchlorate occurs in surface water, groundwater, or soil leachate at selected sites in Germany. These sites include surface water from a military base in southern Germany, groundwater from a production site, and groundwater and soil leachate from a location where fireworks shows are performed regularly. Results show that perchlorate was detected in all surface water and groundwater samples with values around 1 μg/l. Highest values (up to 15,000 μg/l) were detected in pore waters of the "Maifeld" area in Berlin where soil was sampled immediately after a fireworks show.

  13. X-ray Time Lags in TeV Blazars X. Chen1,∗ , G. Fossati1, E. Liang1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    #1: Homogeneous, steady rate, injection of high energy particles with power-law distribution. The flare is caused by an increase/decrease of the maximum electron energy γmax, following an exponential (symmetric) time evolution. #2: Homogeneous mild diffusive particle acceleration mechanism is active in the blob for a ...

  14. Trichodina nobilis Chen, 1963 and Trichodina reticulata Hirschmann et Partsch, 1955 from ornamental freshwater fishes in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, M L; Marchiori, N; Roumbedakis, K; Lami, F

    2012-05-01

    In the present work Trichodina reticulata and T. nobilis (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) are morphologically characterised from ornamental freshwater fish culture in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The prevalence of infection and a list of comparative measurements are discussed. We examined "southern platyfish" Xiphophorus maculatus (n = 35), "goldfish" Carassius auratus (n = 31), "guppy" Poecilia reticulata (n = 20), "sailfin molly" Poecilia latipinna (n = 6), "beta" Betta splendens (n = 2) and "spotted headstander" Chilodus punctatus (n = 1). After being anesthetised in a benzocaine solution, fishes were examined for parasitological evaluation. A total of 51.57% fishes were parasitised by Trichodina spp. Carassius auratus was the most parasitised species, followed by X. maculatus and P. reticulata. Beta splendens, C. punctatus and P. latipinna were not parasitised by any trichodinid species. Two species of Trichodina were collected from the skin of fish: T. nobilis was found in C. auratus, P. reticulata and X. maculatus and T. reticulata was only observed in C. auratus. The importance of adequate handling in ornamental fish culture are also discussed.

  15. Embryo development in association with asymbiotic seed germination in vitro of Paphiopedilum armeniacum S. C. Chen et F. Y. Liu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan-Yan; Wu, Kun-Lin; Zhang, Jian-Xia; Deng, Ru-Fang; Duan, Jun; Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A; Huang, Wei-Chang; Zeng, Song-Jun

    2015-11-12

    This paper documents the key anatomical features during the development of P. armeniacum zygotic embryos and their ability to germinate asymbiotically in vitro. This study also examines the effect of media and seed pretreatments on seed germination and subsequent seedling growth. Seeds collected from pods 45 days after pollination (DAP) did not germinate while 95 DAP seeds displayed the highest seed germination percentage (96.2%). Most seedlings (50%) developed to stage 5 from 110 DAP seeds whose compact testa had not yet fully formed. Suspensor cells were vacuolated, which enabled the functional uptake of nutrients. The optimum basal medium for seed germination and subsequent protocorm development was eighth-strength Murashige and Skoog (1/8MS) for 95 DAP seeds and ¼MS for 110 DAP seeds. Poor germination was displayed by 140 DAP seeds with a compact testa. Pretreatment of dry mature seeds (180 DAP) with 1.0% sodium hypochlorite solution for 90 min or 40 kHz of ultrasound for 8 min improved germination percentage from 0 to 29.2% or to 19.7%, respectively. Plantlets that were at least 5 cm in height were transplanted to a Zhijing stone substrate for orchids, and 85.3% of plantlets survived 180 days after transplanting.

  16. [Comparison between Ye Tianshi and Xue Shengbai in treatment of distention with damp-heat].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yu-Juan; Liu, Xiao-Yu; Jiang, Hou-Wang; Li, Hong-Pei; Xiao, Lian-Yu; Zhao, Yan-Song

    2017-06-01

    Ye Tianshi and Xue Shengbai were both epidemic febrile diseases specialists in same time of Qing dynasty. The Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System was used to compare and analyze the therapeutic characteristics of these two specialists in treating damp-heat type fullness or distension in stomach. Distension is commonly caused by qi stagnation accompanied with damp-heat from internal and external factors. In treatment, separation of damp and heat and removing dampness and heat from sanjiao separately were their common therapeutic principles. Both Ye Tianshi and Xue Shengbai paid much greater attention to eliminating dampness, and the herbs with bitter and pungent flavor, warm in property were usually chosen to regulate qi flow and reduce dampness. Invigorating spleen, nourishing stomach and dispersing lung were the frequently used treatment to balance the organs'harmony. The difference between specialist Ye and specialist Xue was the preference of herbs. Hou Pu (Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex), Xing Ren (Armeniacae Semen Amarum), Chen Pi (Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium), and Hua Shi (Talcum) were often used in both administrations. Besides, Ye Tianshi preferred to use Ban Xia (Pinelliae Rhizoma), Huang Qin (Scutellariae Radix), Huang Lian (Coptidis Rhizoma), Fuling, et al. Xue Shengbai on the other hand enjoyed using Fu Lingpi(Poriae Cutis), Cao Guo (Tsaoko Fructus), and Guang Huoxiang (Pogostemonis Herba), et al. In herbs compatibility, both of the two specialists were fond of using Chen Pi-Hou Pu, Hou Pu-Xing Ren. Moreover, Ye Tianshi often used Ban Xia- Xing Ren, Ban Xia-Huang Qin, and Hua Shi-Xing Ren to achieve the expected outcome of the treatment. While, Chen Pi, Fu Lingpi, and Hou Pu were the common combination with each other in Xue's cases. The similarities and differences of their administration should have the guidance in current clinical Chinese medicine practice for damp-heat type fullness or distension in stomach. Copyright© by the

  17. Traditional Chinese Medicine and herbal hepatotoxicity: a tabular compilation of reported cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teschke, Rolf; Zhang, Li; Long, Hongzhu; Schwarzenboeck, Alexander; Schmidt-Taenzer, Wolfgang; Genthner, Alexander; Wolff, Albrecht; Frenzel, Christian; Schulze, Johannes; Eickhoff, Axel

    2015-01-01

    Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) with its focus on herbal use became popular worldwide. Treatment was perceived as safe, with neglect of rare adverse reactions including liver injury. To compile worldwide cases of liver injury by herbal TCM, we undertook a selective literature search in the PubMed database and searched for the items Traditional Chinese Medicine, TCM, Traditional Asian Medicine, and Traditional Oriental Medicine, also combined with the terms herbal hepatotoxicity or herb induced liver injury. The search focused primarily on English-language case reports, case series, and clinical reviews. We identified reported hepatotoxicity cases in 77 relevant publications with 57 different herbs and herbal mixtures of TCM, which were further analyzed for causality by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) scale, positive reexposure test results, or both. Causality was established for 28/57 different herbs or herbal mixtures, Bai Xian Pi, Bo He, Ci Wu Jia, Chuan Lian Zi, Da Huang, Gan Cao, Ge Gen, Ho Shou Wu, Huang Qin, Hwang Geun Cho, Ji Gu Cao, Ji Xue Cao, Jin Bu Huan, Jue Ming Zi, Jiguja, Kudzu, Ling Yang Qing Fei Keli, Lu Cha, Rhen Shen, Ma Huang, Shou Wu Pian, Shan Chi, Shen Min, Syo Saiko To, Xiao Chai Hu Tang, Yin Chen Hao, Zexie, and Zhen Chu Cao. In conclusion, this compilation of liver injury cases establishes causality for 28/57 different TCM herbs and herbal mixtures, aiding diagnosis for physicians who care for patients with liver disease possibly related to herbal TCM.

  18. Ökologisch bewirtschaftete Ackerflächen - eine ökologische Leistung? Ein ergebnisorientierter Ansatz für die Praxis

    OpenAIRE

    Braband, Dorothee; Elsen, Thomas van

    2003-01-01

    Zielorientierte bzw. ergebnisorientierte Ansätze zur Erfassung ökologischer Leistungen der Landwirtschaft könnten künftig eine wesentliche Grundlage für die Bemsessung landwirtschaftlicher Direktzahlungen werden. Als ökologische Leistungen sollte alles abgegolten werden, was über die gute fachliche Praxis im Rahmen der landwirtschaftlichen Fachrechte und des Bundesnaturschutzgestz hinausgeht.

  19. AUTUN, MANÉ-VÉCHEN ET VIEUX : L’APPORT DE TROIS SITES MAJEURS À LA CONNAISSANCE DE L’ARTISANAT DU STUC EN GAULE ROMAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Boislève

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available La découverte et l’étude récente d’importants lots de stucs sur les sites de la villa de Mané-Véchenen Plouhinec (Morbihan et du “palais“ urbain du centre hospitalier à Autun (Saône-et-Loire constituent un apport considérable à notre connaissance d’un artisanat relativement méconnu en Gaule: le stuc. Parallèlement, le réexamen de collections plus anciennes sur la domus de Vieux (Calvados a permis la réinterprétation de décors laissant une place considérable et parfois inattendue au relief. Relativement complets, et pour certains restituables, ces décors éclairent un usage du stuc assez différent de celui connu en Italie et permettent d’identifier certaines modes décoratives typiquement provinciales.

  20. Untersuchungen an einer Kolbenexpansionsmaschine mit integrierten Wärmeübertragerflächen (Wärmeübertrager-Expander) zur Realisierung eines neuartigen Neon-Tieftemperatur-Prozesses

    OpenAIRE

    Fredrich, Ole

    2005-01-01

    Viele Anwendungen der Hochtemperatur-Supraleitung arbeiten vorteilhaft im Temperaturbereich zwischen 30 - 50 K. Für diesen Temperaturbereich existieren nur wenige geeignete Kältemaschinen mit kleiner Kälteleistung (1-2 W) u. gutem Wirkungsgrad. Neon ist aufgrund seiner Stoffeigenschaften ein hervorragendes Kältemittel für diesen Temperaturbereich, wie z.B. anhand einer realisierten Joule-Thomson (JT) Demonstrationsanlage deutlich wird. Als Ergebnis einer Prozessanalyse wird ein Kreislauf vorg...

  1. Methodology of Leaving America for Asia: Reading South Korea’s Social Studies Textbooks through Chen Kuan-Hsing’s Asia as Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joungh-eun Rhee

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This project began as a content analysis of five South Korean high school Social Studies textbooks. Yet, it has evolved into an epistemological experiment to pursue the question of “what does it mean to leave America for Asia, at least methodologically, for the researcher who left Asia for America?” Using the textbooks as a mediating site, therefore, I articulate a process that engages with, moves toward, and develops deimperializing methodology. More specifically, I interweave Kuan-Hsing Chen’s Asia as Method: Toward Deimperialization (2010 with my data by analyzing the data through Asia as Method and reading and practicing Asia as Method as methodology. This allows me to move away from fixating on the West as a reference point even through my critique. Rather, I work to produce geo-historically grounded knowledge for specific interventions at this mediating site toward the movements of decolonization, de-cold war, and deimperialization. In the process, I discuss how Asia as Method as methodology provokes political, psychological, and social engagements of everyday, multiplies reference points for knowledge production, and requires a researcher to re-work on one’s subjectivity inevitably constituted by imperialism.

  2. Spinnen ökologischer Ausgleichsflächen in den Schweizer Kantonen Aargau und Schaffhausen (Arachnida: Araneae – mit Anmerkungen zu Phrurolithus nigrinus (Corinnidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blick, Theo

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The spider fauna of open habitats adjacent to arable land was investigated in northern Switzerland. The three habitat types were (1 herbaceous edges of fields (Sa, (2 fallow land sowed with flowers (BB, and (3 grass borders of fields (GS. Four funnel pitfall traps (10 cm diameter were used to catch spiders in three stripe-types in two geographical regions in two years over 5 weeks in May and June: in total 12 sets of data. Spider species typical for open habitats were dominant, mostly lycosids (6 of the 10 most active species. The results were analysed together with environmental factors using a canonical correspondence analysis (CCA and spiders were compared with carabid beetles (Coeloptera: Carabidae. Geographical region, though not very distant, had the largest influence on both spiders and carabids. The age and type of the habitats had a stronger influence on spiders than on carabids. In spiders a larger part of the total variance was explained by the analysed factors. Finally we discuss briefly a remarkable spider species. A review of all known records of Phrurolithus nigrinus in Switzerland and Germany, together with adjacent regions in France, is given. Its phenology is indicated, its habitat discussed and the overall distribution within Europe is listed.

  3. Diskrepanz: Die EU-Frauenpolitik zwischen Deregulierung und Gleichheitsansprüchen Internal Discrepancies: EU Women’s Policies between Deregulation and Claims to Equality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Biermann

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available In von neun Autorinnen verfassten Beiträgen gibt der Band Einblicke in zentrale Felder der EU-Politik: die europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion (EWWU, die Strukturpolitik, die Gleichstellungspolitik und das Gender Mainstreaming, die Osterweiterung sowie die Ausarbeitung einer europäischen Verfassung. Damit werden wesentliche Teile des Maastricht-Vertrags (1992, des Amsterdamer Vertrags (1997 und des Nizza-Vertrags (2000 behandelt. Hierdurch bildet dieser Band eine wichtige Grundlage für die Diskussion über die Frauenpolitik der EU.This anthology, consisting of nine essays written by women authors, offers insights into central areas of EU politics: the European Economic and Currency Union, structural policies, policies dealing with gender equality, the expansion of the EU, as well as the creation of a new European constitution. These policies include relevant parts of the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam, and the 2000 Treaty of Nizza. The information and insights presented here make this book an important basis for any discussions about EU women’s policies.

  4. Elektrochemische Kontrolle von Reibung auf Goldoberflächen in wässrigen Elektrolyten und ionischen Flüssigkeiten

    OpenAIRE

    Hausen, Florian

    2012-01-01

    Die Kontrolle von Reibung auf kleiner Skala ist von fundamentaler Bedeutung, insbesondere im Hinblick auf die fortschreitende Miniaturisierung von mechanischen Bauteilen. Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit wurden hochaufgelöste Experimente zur Reibung in ultrasauberen Flüssigkeiten durchgeführt, um so die Möglichkeiten der Kontrolle von Reibungskräften auf Gold in wässrigen Elektrolyten und ionischen Flüssigkeiten auf atomare Mechanismen zurückführen zu können. Die Kombination der Rasterkraftmikroskopie...

  5. Evaluation des Comet Assays bei neutralem pH zur Detektion von Alpha-Partikel induzierten DNA-Doppelstrangbrüchen

    OpenAIRE

    Hofbauer, Daniela

    2011-01-01

    Das Ziel der Arbeit war die Darstellung von initialen DNA-Schäden in Tumorzellen, verursacht durch Bestrahlung mit Alpha-Partikeln. Mit Hilfe des Comet Assays lassen sich sowohl DNA-Einzelstrangbrüche als auch -Doppelstrangbrüche auf dem Niveau einer einzelnen Zelle darstellen. Als Alpha-Strahler wurde Americium-241 verwendet. Für vergleichende Untersuchungen wurde auch der Gamma-Emitter Caesium-137 eingesetzt. Auf Grund von technischen Problemen bei der Durchführung sowohl des neutralen als ...

  6. How Structural Deficiencies Hamper Estonia’s Catching-up Process. Strukturschwächen als Hemmnis für Estlands Aufholprozess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Schrader

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Estonia is widely regarded as a paramount example for a successful transformation of a socialist economic system to a functioning market economy. Against the backdrop of this positive image which contrasts strongly with the crisis scenarios in Southern Europe the remaining problems of Estonia are often ignored. Estonia has hardly succeeded in catching-up economically with the richer countries of the EU. In this paper the authors raise the question why the catching-up process of Estonia is not as successful as it could have been expected from the policy performance during the last decades. It turns out that Estonia faces a serious productivity problem, particularly in the manufacturing sector producing tradable goods which is normally the driving engine behind economic and technological catching-up. The Estonian economy has failed to undergo the necessary structural change towards technologically more advanced employment structures and export patterns. Accordingly, Estonian economic policy needs to create a suitable business environment to support this kind of structural change.

  7. Jasmonic acid and methyl dihydrojasmonate enhance saponin biosynthesis as well as expression of functional genes in adventitious roots of Panax notoginseng F.H. Chen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jinxin; Wang, Juan; Wu, Xiaolei; Liu, Dahui; Li, Jing; Li, Jianli; Liu, Shujie; Gao, Wenyuan

    2017-03-01

    Panax notoginseng, an important herbal medicine, has wide uses for its bioactive compounds and health function. In this work, we compared the content of saponin in cultivation and adventitious root. The total content of saponins in adventitious root (8.48 mg⋅g(-1) ) was found lower than in the native one (3-year-old) (34.34 mg⋅g(-1) ). To enhance the content of bioactive compounds, we applied elicitors jasmonic acid (JA) and methyl dihydrojasmonate (MDJ) to the adventitious root culture. It was observed that the highest total content of saponins (71.94 mg⋅g(-1) ) was achieved after treatment with 5 mg⋅L(-1) JA, which was 2.09-fold higher than native roots and 8.45-fold higher than the control group. The findings from high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry analysis showed that six new compounds were present after the treatment with the elicitors. Furthermore, we found that JA and MDJ significantly upregulated the expression of the geranyl diphosphate synthase, farnesyl diphosphate synthase, squalene synthase, squalene epoxidase, dammarenediol synthase, and CYP716A47 and CYP716A53v2 (CYP450 enzyme) genes; downregulated the expression of the cycloartenol synthase gene; and increased superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activities. © 2016 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  8. Bya rog prog zhu, The raven crest : the life and teachings of bDe chen 'od gsal rdo rje treasure revealer of contemporary Tibet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terrone, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    This research starts from the historical assertion that notwithstanding their claim of increased religious tolerance, the dramatic post-Mao political campaigns have continued to weaken the pervasive force of religious faith, traditional monastery-centered religious power, religious leadership, and

  9. Infrared thermography fails to visualize stimulation-induced meridian-like structures: comment by Rixin Chen and Zhimai Lv and reply from Gerhard Litscher

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    A comment on G. Litscher: Infrared thermography fails to visualize stimulation-induced meridian-like structures. Biomed. Eng. OnLine 2005, 4:38 (15 June 2005), with a response by the author. PMID:21906400

  10. The effect of exercise training on the metabolic interaction between feeding and locomotion in the juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiu-Ming; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Fu, Shi-Jian

    2010-11-01

    The southern catfish exhibits the largest decrease in critical swimming speeds (U(crit)) during digestion among the fish species that have been investigated. To test whether the maximum metabolic capacity of the southern catfish was improved after exercise training to alleviate the competitive interaction between digestion and swimming, we measured postprandial metabolic responses, U(crit) and oxygen consumption rates (MO(2)) during swimming in both fasting and digesting fish. Twenty-one days of training (50 min swimming at 60% U(crit) followed by 10 min chasing) did not produce significant differences in resting MO(2) (MO(2rest)) or postprandial peak MO(2) (MO(2peak)). However, it did result in a significant decrease in energy expenditure during digestion. Feeding caused a significant decrease in U(crit) and an increase in active MO(2) (MO(2active)), whereas training caused a significant increase in U(crit) but no significant change in MO(2active). Neither digestion nor training had a significant effect on metabolic scope (MO(2active)-MO(2rest)). Training had no interactive effect on postprandial changes in any measured variable, so we conclude that training did not alleviate the competitive interaction between digestion and swimming. Our results suggest that: (1) the metabolic capacity of nontrained fish cannot support the metabolic demands of both digestion and locomotion simultaneously, and swimming metabolism, therefore, is sacrificed to sustain digestion when feeding and locomotion are combined (digestion-prioritization mode); (2) the metabolic capacity and metabolic mode of competition did not change after training, but trained fish did exhibit improved swimming performance, possibly due to their increased rate of O(2) extraction.

  11. New World species of the genus Calliscelio Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae, Scelioninae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua-yan Chen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The genus Calliscelio Ashmead is presumed to be a diverse group of parasitoids of the eggs of crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae. A least one species has been found to be an important factor in depressing cricket pest populations. The New World species of Calliscelio are revised. Forty-two species are recognized, 3 are redescribed: C. bisulcatus (Kieffer, C. laticinctus Ashmead, C. rubriclavus (Ashmead, comb. n.; and 38 are described as new: C. absconditum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. absum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. alcoa Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. amadoi Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. armila Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. bidens Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. brachys Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. brevinotaulus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. brevitas Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. carinigena Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. crater Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. crena Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. eboris Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. extenuatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. flavicauda Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. foveolatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. gatineau Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. glaber Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. granulatus Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. latifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. levis Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. longius Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. magnificus Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. migma Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. minutia Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. paraglaber Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. pararemigio Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. prolixus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. punctatifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. remigio Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. ruga Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. rugicoxa Chen & Masner, sp. n., C. sfina Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. storea Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. suni Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. telum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. torqueo Chen & Johnson, sp. n., C. virga Chen & Johnson, sp. n. Four species are treated as junior synonyms of Calliscelio rubriclavus (Ashmead: Anteris nigriceps Ashmead, syn. n., Caloteleia marlattii Ashmead, syn. n., Caloteleia grenadensis Ashmead, syn. n

  12. List of Participants

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    List of Participants. Margo Aller. Denis Bastieri. Xiongwei Bi. Weihao Bian. Vera Bychkova. Bo Chai. Jianling Chen. Xuhui Chen. Ye Chen. Zhifu Chen. Yongjun Chen. Liang Chen. Zhaoyu Chen. Kwongsang Cheng. Lang Cui. Benzhong Dai. Zhen Ding. Dimitrios Emmanoulopoulos. Xiaohong Fan. Junhui Fan. Longxing Fan.

  13. 76 FR 34204 - Certain Lined Paper Products From the People's Republic of China; Notice of Preliminary Intent To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Lined Paper Products From the People's Republic of China; Notice of... paper products (``lined paper'') from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') with respect to three... rescinding the review with respect to Shanghai Lian Li Paper Products Co. Ltd. (``Lian Li''); Leo's Quality...

  14. Research on simulation and experiment of noninvasive intracranial pressure monitoring based on acoustoelasticity effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu J

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Jun Wu1, Wei He2, Wei-min Chen1, Lian Zhu21Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Technology and Systems, 2State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment and System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The real-time monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP is very important for craniocerebrally critically ill patients, but it is very difficult to realize long-time monitoring for the traditional invasive method, which very easily infects patients. Many noninvasive methods have emerged, but these have not been able to monitor ICP for long periods in real time, and they are not ready for clinical application. In order to realize long-time, online, real-time, noninvasive monitoring for ICP, a new method based on acoustoelasticity of ultrasound is herein proposed. Experimental models were devised to research the new method for experiment and simulation. Polymethyl methacrylate and hydrogel were adopted for the experiment, and their mechanical properties were very close to the real brain. A numerical solution for acoustoelasticity theory was acquired by simulating calculation based on a finite-element method. This was compared to the experimental value. The results showed a consistent match between theoretical solution and experimental value, with maximum error at most 5%. Thus, the effectiveness of the new method was verified. Theoretical and practical foundation is provided for this new method, and it could be used for animal experimentation or clinical testing in further research.Keywords: medical instruments, noninvasive, intracranial pressure, ultrasonic, acoustoelasticity, biomechanics

  15. Generation and electric control of spin-valley-coupled circular photogalvanic current in WSe2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Hongtao; Hwang, Harold Y.; Cui, Yi

    2015-03-01

    Compared to the weak spin-orbit-interaction (SOI) in graphene, layered transitionmetal chalcogenides MX2 have heavy 4d/5d elements with strong atomic SOI, providing a unique way to extend functionalities of novel spintronics and valleytronics devices. Such a valley polarization achieved via valley-selective circular dichroism has been predicted theoretically and demonstrated with optical experiments in MX2 systems. Despite the exciting progresses, the generation of a valley/spin current by valley polarization in MX2 remains elusive and a great challenge. A spin/valley current in MX2 compounds caused by such a valley polarization has never been observed, nor its electric-field control. In this talk, we demonstrated, within an electric-double-layer transistor based on WSe2, the manipulation of a spin-coupled valley photocurrent whose direction and magnitude depend on the degree of circular polarization of the incident radiation and can be further greatly modulated with an external electric field. Such room temperature generation and electric control of valley/spin photocurrent provides a new property of electrons in MX2 systems, thereby enabling new degrees of control for quantum-confined spintronics devices. (In collaboration with S.C. Zhang, Y.L. Chen, Z.X. Shen, B Lian, H.J. Zhang, G Xu, Y Xu, B Zhou, X.Q. Wang, B Shen X.F. Fang) Acknowledge the support from DoE, BES, Division of MSE under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515. Acknowledge the support from DoE, BES, Division of MSE under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

  16. Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent predictor of long-term clinical outcomes in Chinese octogenarians with acute coronary syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fu Z

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Zhenhong Fu,1,* Geng Qian,1,* Hao Xue,1,* Jun Guo,1 Lian Chen,1 Xia Yang,1 Mingzhi Shen,2 Wei Dong,1 Yundai Chen11Department of Cardiology, Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Cardiology, Hainai Branch of Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital, Sanya, Hainan, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workObjective: To evaluate the prognostic value of homocysteine (Hcy in Chinese acute coronary syndrome (ACS octogenarians.Methods: The study cohort comprised 660 consecutive ACS octogenarians who underwent coronary angiography. We classified the patients into three groups according to Hcy tertiles. Kaplan–Meier method was performed for survival and major adverse cardiac events (MACE rates. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to identify mortality predictors. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to predict the cutoff value of Hcy for all-cause mortality.Results: The follow-up period was 28 (inter-quartile range: 16–38 months. Diastolic blood pressure, ratios of male, renal failure and old myocardial infarction in high plasma level Hcy (H-Hcy group were higher than those in low (L-Hcy and middle (M-Hcy plasma level of Hcy groups (P<0.05. The Hcy level was positively correlated with uric acid level (r=0.211, P=0.001 and Cystatin C (Cys C level (r=0.212, P=0.001 and negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (r=−0.148, P=0.018. For the long-term outcomes, the cumulative survival rate of H-Hcy group was significantly lower than that of L-Hcy and M-Hcy groups (P=0.006. All-cause mortality and MACE of H-Hcy group were higher than those of L-Hcy and M-Hcy group (P=0.0001, P=0.0008. Hcy is an independent predictor for long-term all-cause mortality (odds ratio =2.26, 95% CI=1.23–4.16, P=0.023 and MACE (odds ratio =1.91, 95% CI=1.03–3.51, P=0.039. Receiver operating characteristic

  17. Ultrasonic evaluation of central retinal artery hemodynamics in patients with hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy and the correlation with diseaseChen-Xia Liu, Jing-Mian Zhou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen-Xia Liu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the correlation between central retinal artery hemodynamic characteristics in patients with hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy and endothelial injury molecules as well as trophoblast cell apoptosis molecules. Methods: 45 healthy pregnant women, 37 patients with gestational hypertension and 24 patients with preeclampsia who gave birth in Obstetrics Department of our hospital between May 2013 and December 2015 were selected and included in the control group, GH group and PE group respectively. Central retinal artery ultrasonography was done to determine peak systolic velocity (PSV, end-diastolic velocity (EDV and resistance index (RI, serum was collected to determine interleukin-6 (IL-6, IL- 17, IL-24, chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10 and cartilage glycoprotein 40 (YKL40 content, and placenta tissue was collected to determine Fas, FasL, Bax, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, XIAP, Survivin and Livin expression. Results: Central retinal artery PSV and EDV as well as XIAP, Survivin and Livin expression in placenta of GH group and PE group were significantly lower than those of control group (P<0.05 while central retinal artery RI, serum IL-6, IL- 17, IL-24, CXCL10 and YKL40 content as well as Fas, FasL, Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 expression in placenta were significantly higher than those of control group (P<0.05. Central retinal artery PSV and EDV as well as XIAP, Survivin and Livin expression in placenta of PE group were significantly lower than those of GH group (P<0.05 while central retinal artery RI, serum IL-6, IL-17, IL-24, CXCL10 and YKL40 content as well as Fas, FasL, Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 expression in placenta were significantly higher than those of GH group (P<0.05. Serum IL-6, IL-17, IL-24, CXCL10 and YKL40 content as well as Fas, FasL, Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 expression in placenta were negatively correlated with PSV and EDV, and positively correlated with RI; XIAP, Survivin and Livin expression in placenta were positively correlated with PSV and EDV, and negatively correlated with RI. Conclusions: Central retinal artery blood flow characteristics in patients with hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy are the significantly increased blood flow resistance and the significantly decreased blood flow volume, and the above blood flow characteristics are associated with maternal endothelial injury and trophoblast cell apoptosis.

  18. Monitoring Protein Conformation Changes as an Activating Step for Protein Interactions with Cross-linking/MS Analysis. / Chen, Zhuo; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Morten

    -linked peptides have been enriched with SCX-StageTips. High resolution MS/MS spectra were acquired on an LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer coupled online to a nanoHPLC. Singly and doubly charged ions were rejected for fragmentation. Peak lists were generated with MaxQuant. The database searches for cross......, the cross-link data and the crystal structure can be harmonized. We suggest that cross-linking can capture aspects of protein dynamics in solution that are not observable in static crystal structures....

  19. (Asian) Life (in Asia) - Book reviews of Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner (Ed.): Frameworks of Choice, Amsterdam, Amsterdam Press 2010 and Aihwa Ong & Nancy Chen: Asian Biotech, Durham & London, Duke University Press 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlberg, Ayo

    2011-01-01

    This article is concerned with the idea of societal 'spaciousness' and its relationship to individual and collective autonomy. These issues are analyzed in the context of the eviction of a self-managed social center of left-radical activists in Copenhagen and the protests and public debate...

  20. (Asian) Life (in Asia) - Book reviews of Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner (Ed.): Frameworks of Choice, Amsterdam, Amsterdam Press 2010 and Aihwa Ong & Nancy Chen: Asian Biotech, Durham & London, Duke University Press 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlberg, Ayo

    2011-01-01

    This article is concerned with the idea of societal 'spaciousness' and its relationship to individual and collective autonomy. These issues are analyzed in the context of the eviction of a self-managed social center of left-radical activists in Copenhagen and the protests and public debate...... that followed. The authors find that societal spaciousness in Denmark is metaphorically associated with a house or a limited physical space. People should limit themselves in public space, as in a house, to 'make room' for all. Because youngsters are not conceived of as fully fledged political subjects who...

  1. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    Lian et al., 2000). Hamada .... plot, respectively. Before doing the research, three samples from 0 to 30 cm of soil using a cylindrical core .... rate, and respiration airways raise this assumption that salicylic acid maybe affect other.

  2. Multidisciplinary Multiobjective Optimal Design for Turbomachinery Using Evolutionary Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    This report summarizes Dr. Lian s efforts toward developing a robust and efficient tool for multidisciplinary and multi-objective optimal design for turbomachinery using evolutionary algorithms. This work consisted of two stages. The first stage (from July 2003 to June 2004) Dr. Lian focused on building essential capabilities required for the project. More specifically, Dr. Lian worked on two subjects: an enhanced genetic algorithm (GA) and an integrated optimization system with a GA and a surrogate model. The second stage (from July 2004 to February 2005) Dr. Lian formulated aerodynamic optimization and structural optimization into a multi-objective optimization problem and performed multidisciplinary and multi-objective optimizations on a transonic compressor blade based on the proposed model. Dr. Lian s numerical results showed that the proposed approach can effectively reduce the blade weight and increase the stage pressure ratio in an efficient manner. In addition, the new design was structurally safer than the original design. Five conference papers and three journal papers were published on this topic by Dr. Lian.

  3. JPRS Report, China

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1993-01-01

    ...; AGRICULTURE - Further Reform of Grain Circulation, Prices Advocated, Chen Yaobang on Market Challenges Facing Agriculture, Chen Yaobang on Restructuring of Crop Planting, MILITARY, PUBLIC SECURITY...

  4. Adjunct effect of music therapy on cognition in Alzheimer’s disease in Taiwan: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li CH

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Chien-Hsun Li,1–3 Ching-Kuan Liu,2,3 Yuan-Han Yang,2–4 Mei-Chuan Chou,2,4 Chun-Hung Chen,2 Chiou-Lian Lai2,3 1Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 3Department of and Master’s Program in Neurology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 4Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Purpose: Music therapy (MT reviews have found beneficial effects on behaviors and social interaction in Alzheimer’s disease (AD but inconsistent effects on cognition. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the adjunct effect of long-term and home-based MT in AD patients under pharmacological treatment. Patients and methods: Mild AD cases (clinical dementia rating =0.5~1 were consecutively recruited and voluntarily separated into an MT group or control group (CG for 6 months. Outcome assessments included Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI, CASI-estimated mini-mental state examination, clinical dementia rating with sum of box scores, and neuropsychiatric inventory. The MT interventions were Mozart’s Sonata (KV 448 and Pachelbel’s Canon, listening with headphones for 30 minutes daily in the morning and before sleep, respectively. Results: Forty-one cases (MT versus CG number =20 versus 21 were analyzed. Adjusted differences of CASI-estimated mini-mental state examination and CASI after 6 months in the MT group were slightly less decreased than the CG without statistical significance. In further analysis of cognitive domains of CASI, the adjusted difference of abstraction domain in the MT group was significantly better than the CG. Conclusion: Although there were no apparent additional benefits of this MT on the global cognition and daily functioning in mild AD patients, it confirms the adjunct

  5. Traditional Chinese Medicine Induced Liver Injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teschke, Rolf

    2014-06-01

    Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is popular around the world and encompasses many different practices with particular emphasis on herbal TCM. Using the PubMed database, a literature search was undertaken to assess the extent herbal TCM products exert rare hepatotoxicity. Analysis of reported cases revealed numerous specified herbal TCM products with potential hepatotoxicity. Among these were An Shu Ling, Bai Fang, Bai Xian Pi, Ban Tu Wan, Bo He, Bo Ye Qing Niu Dan, Bofu Tsu Sho San, Boh Gol Zhee, Cang Er Zi, Chai Hu, Chaso, Chi R Yun, Chuan Lian Zi, Ci Wu Jia, Da Chai Hu Tang, Da Huang, Du Huo, Gan Cao, Ge Gen, Ho Shou Wu, Hu Bohe You, Hu Zhang, Huang Qin, Huang Yao Zi, Hwang Geun Cho, Ji Gu Cao, Ji Ji, Ji Xue Cao, Jiguja, Jin Bu Huan, Jue Ming Zi, Kamishoyosan, Kudzu, Lei Gong Teng, Long Dan Xie Gan Tang, Lu Cha, Ma Huang, Mao Guo Tian Jie Cai, Onshido, Polygonum multiflorum, Qian Li Guang, Ren Shen, Sairei To, Shan Chi, Shen Min, Shi Can, Shi Liu Pi, Shou Wu Pian, Tian Hua Fen, White flood, Wu Bei Zi, Xi Shu, Xiao Chai Hu Tang, Yin Chen Hao, Zexie, Zhen Chu Cao, and various unclassified Chinese herbal mixtures. Causality was firmly established for a number of herbal TCM products by a positive reexposure test result, the liver specific scale of CIOMS (Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences), or both. Otherwise, the quality of case data was mixed, especially regarding analysis of the herb ingredients because of adulteration with synthetic drugs, contamination with heavy metals, and misidentification. In addition, non-herbal TCM elements derived from Agaricus blazei, Agkistrodon, Antelope, Bombyx, Carp, Fish gallbladder, Phellinus, Scolopendra, Scorpio, and Zaocys are also known or potential hepatotoxins. For some patients, the clinical course was severe, with risks for acute liver failure, liver transplantation requirement, and lethality. In conclusion, the use of few herbal TCM products may rarely be associated with hepatotoxicity in some

  6. Obesity detection rate among primary school students in the People's Republic of China: a meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Y

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Yue-long Jin,* Ling-ling Ding,* Ying-shui Yao, Xiu-li Song, Hui Tang, Lian-ping He, Yan ChenFaculty of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Wannan Medical College, Anhui, People's Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Obesity has become a major public health problem worldwide. The prevalence of obesity is rising alarmingly among children and adolescents in the People's Republic of China, with an estimated 120 million now in the obese range. It is estimated that 8% of children in the People's Republic of China are obese and 12% are overweight.Methods: Eligible papers on the prevalence of obesity among primary school students in the People's Republic of China and published between 2006 and 2011 were retrieved from PubMed and from online Chinese periodicals, ie, the full-text databases of VIP, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wan Fang. Meta-Analyst software was used to collate and analyze the detection rates cited in the papers retrieved.Results: After evaluation of the quality of the papers, 25 were finally included, giving a total sample population size for investigation of obesity of 219,763, in which 28,121 cases were detected. Meta-analysis showed that the combined obesity detection rate was 10.4% (95% confidence interval 8.6–12.6 among primary school students in the People's Republic of China, with a higher detection rate in boys (12.6% than in girls (7.2%. The prevalence of obesity was higher in the north (11.8% than in the south (9.5%, east (11.6%, and mid-west (8.0% regions. Obesity defined according to the World Health Organization weight-for-height standard (14.3% was higher than that using age-specific and gender-specific cutoff points for body mass index (9.0%.Conclusion: Our meta-analysis found an obesity prevalence rate of 10.4%, which does not seem as high as previous reports of childhood obesity rates in other countries. However, the prevalence of childhood

  7. Clinical use of azelnidipine in the treatment of hypertension in Chinese patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen BL

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bi-Lian Chen,1,* Yin-Zhuang Zhang,1,* Jian-Quan Luo,2,3 Wei Zhang2,3 1Department of Geriatrics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China; 3Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Hypertension is the most common chronic disease and the calcium channel antagonist is the most popularly used antihypertensive drug in Chinese patients. Azelnidipine is a third generation and long-acting dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist. A series of research has demonstrated that azelnidipine produced an effective antihypertensive effect in patients with essential hypertension. Now it is need to summarize clinical use of azelnidipine in the treatment of hypertension in Chinese patients. Methods: Relevant literature was identified by performing searches in PubMed and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, covering the period from January 2003 (the year azelnidipine was launched to July 2014. We included studies that described pharmacology of azelnidipine, especially the pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy, and safety and tolerability of azelnidipine in a Chinese population. The full text of each article was strictly reviewed, and data interpretation was performed. Results: In Chinese healthy volunteers, a single-dose oral administration of azelnidipine 8–16 mg had a peak plasma concentration of 1.66–23.06 ng/mL and time to peak plasma concentration was 2.6–4.0 hours and the area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from time 0 hour to 96 hours was 17.9–429 ng/mL·h and elimination half-life was 16.0–28.0 hours. A number of clinical trials have demonstrated that azelnidipine produced a significant reduction in blood pressure in

  8. Traditional Chinese Medicine Induced Liver Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is popular around the world and encompasses many different practices with particular emphasis on herbal TCM. Using the PubMed database, a literature search was undertaken to assess the extent herbal TCM products exert rare hepatotoxicity. Analysis of reported cases revealed numerous specified herbal TCM products with potential hepatotoxicity. Among these were An Shu Ling, Bai Fang, Bai Xian Pi, Ban Tu Wan, Bo He, Bo Ye Qing Niu Dan, Bofu Tsu Sho San, Boh Gol Zhee, Cang Er Zi, Chai Hu, Chaso, Chi R Yun, Chuan Lian Zi, Ci Wu Jia, Da Chai Hu Tang, Da Huang, Du Huo, Gan Cao, Ge Gen, Ho Shou Wu, Hu Bohe You, Hu Zhang, Huang Qin, Huang Yao Zi, Hwang Geun Cho, Ji Gu Cao, Ji Ji, Ji Xue Cao, Jiguja, Jin Bu Huan, Jue Ming Zi, Kamishoyosan, Kudzu, Lei Gong Teng, Long Dan Xie Gan Tang, Lu Cha, Ma Huang, Mao Guo Tian Jie Cai, Onshido, Polygonum multiflorum, Qian Li Guang, Ren Shen, Sairei To, Shan Chi, Shen Min, Shi Can, Shi Liu Pi, Shou Wu Pian, Tian Hua Fen, White flood, Wu Bei Zi, Xi Shu, Xiao Chai Hu Tang, Yin Chen Hao, Zexie, Zhen Chu Cao, and various unclassified Chinese herbal mixtures. Causality was firmly established for a number of herbal TCM products by a positive reexposure test result, the liver specific scale of CIOMS (Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences), or both. Otherwise, the quality of case data was mixed, especially regarding analysis of the herb ingredients because of adulteration with synthetic drugs, contamination with heavy metals, and misidentification. In addition, non-herbal TCM elements derived from Agaricus blazei, Agkistrodon, Antelope, Bombyx, Carp, Fish gallbladder, Phellinus, Scolopendra, Scorpio, and Zaocys are also known or potential hepatotoxins. For some patients, the clinical course was severe, with risks for acute liver failure, liver transplantation requirement, and lethality. In conclusion, the use of few herbal TCM products may rarely be associated with hepatotoxicity in some

  9. Arsenic sulfide inhibits cell migration and invasion of gastric cancer in vitro and in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang L

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Lian Zhang,1 Sungkyoung Kim,1 Wenping Ding,1 Yingying Tong,1 Xiuli Zhang,1 Minggui Pan,2 Siyu Chen1 1Department of Oncology, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oncology and Hematology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Santa Clara, CA, USA Background: We previously showed that arsenic sulfide (As4S4 induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in several human solid tumor cell lines, including those of gastric cancer. In this study, we investigated the effect of As4S4 on the migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo.Methods: The human gastric cancer cell lines AGS and MGC803 were selected as in vitro models. Wound-healing migration assay and Transwell invasion assay were carried out to determine the effects of As4S4 on cell migration and invasion. The expressions of E-cadherin, β-catenin, Sp1, KLF4, and VEGF were measured by Western blotting analysis. The activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2 and MMP-9 in MGC803 cells were demonstrated by zymography assay. A mouse xenograft model was established by inoculation with MGC803 cells, then intraperitoneal injected with As4S4 for 3 weeks and monitored for body weight and tumor changes. Finally, the inhibition rate of tumor growth was calculated, and the expression of proteins and genes associated with tumor invasion and metastasis in tumor tissues were measured by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and real-time polymerase chain reaction assay.Results: As4S4 significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of gastric cancer cell lines. The expression of E-cadherin and KLF4 was upregulated, while the expressions of β-catenin, VEGF, and Sp1 were downregulated following treatment with As4S4. Moreover, the protease activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were suppressed by As4S4 in MGC803 cells. Meanwhile, As4S4 effectively suppressed the abilities of tumor growth and

  10. Arsenic sulfide, the main component of realgar, a traditional Chinese medicine, induces apoptosis of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang L

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Lian Zhang,1,* Wei Tian,1,2,* Sungkyoung Kim,1 Wenping Ding,1 Yingying Tong,1 Siyu Chen1 1Department of Oncology, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oncology, Central Hospital of Zibo, Shandong, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Arsenic sulfide (As4S4, the main component of realgar, a traditional Chinese medicine, has shown antitumor efficacy in several tumor types, especially for acute promyelocytic leukemia. In this study, we aimed to explore the efficacy and mechanism of As4S4 in gastric cancer.Methods: The effect of As4S4 on cell proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells was investigated by MTT assay, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI staining, and annexin V–fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining using gastric cancer cell lines AGS (harboring wild-type p53 and MGC803 (harboring mutant p53 in vitro. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins was measured by Western blotting, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and immunohistochemistry analysis. Mouse xenograft models were established by inoculation with MGC803 cells, and the morphology and the proportion of apoptotic cells in tumor tissues were detected by hematoxylin and eosin staining and TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL assay, respectively. Results: As4S4 inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis of AGS and MGC803 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. As4S4 upregulated the expression of Bax and MDM2 while downregulated the expression of Bcl-2. The expression of p53 increased significantly in the AGS cells but did not readily increase in the MGC803 cells, which harbored mutant p53. Pifithrin-α, a p53 inhibitor, blocked the modulation of As4S4 on AGS cells, but not on MGC803 cells. Using xenograft as a model, we showed that As4S4 suppressed tumor growth and induced apoptosis in vivo

  11. Cryptanalysis of a spatiotemporal chaotic image/video cryptosystem and its improved version

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ge Xin, E-mail: gexiner@gmail.co [Zhengzhou Information Science and Technology Institute, Zhengzhou 450002, Henan (China); Liu Fenlin; Lu Bin; Wang Wei [Zhengzhou Information Science and Technology Institute, Zhengzhou 450002, Henan (China)

    2011-01-31

    Recently, a spatiotemporal chaotic image/video cryptosystem was proposed by Lian. Shortly after its publication, Rhouma et al. proposed two attacks on the cryptosystem. They as well introduced an improved cryptosystem which is more secured under attacks (R. Rhouma, S. Belghith, Phys. Lett. A 372 (2008) 5790) . This Letter re-examines securities of Lian's cryptosystem and its improved version, by showing that not all details of the ciphered image of Lian's cryptosystem can be recovered by Rhouma et al.'s attacks due to the incorrectly recovered part of the sign-bits of the AC coefficients with an inappropriately chosen image. As a result, modifications of Rhouma et al.'s attacks are proposed in order to recover the ciphered image of Lian's cryptosystem completely; then based on the modifications, two new attacks are proposed to break the improved version of Lian's cryptosystem. Finally, experimental results illustrate the validity of our analysis.

  12. Variability of glomerular filtration rate estimation equations in elderly Chinese patients with chronic kidney disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu X

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Xun Liu,1,2,* Mu-hua Cheng,3,* Cheng-gang Shi,1 Cheng Wang,1 Cai-lian Cheng,1 Jin-xia Chen,1 Hua Tang,1 Zhu-jiang Chen,1 Zeng-chun Ye,1 Tan-qi Lou11Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yet-sun University, Guangzhou, China; 2College of Biology Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China; 3Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yet-sun University, Guangzhou, China *These authors contributed equally to this paperBackground: Chronic kidney disease (CKD is recognized worldwide as a public health problem, and its prevalence increases as the population ages. However, the applicability of formulas for estimating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR based on serum creatinine (SC levels in elderly Chinese patients with CKD is limited.Materials and methods: Based on values obtained with the technetium-99m diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (99mTc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging method, 319 elderly Chinese patients with CKD were enrolled in this study. Serum creatinine was determined by the enzymatic method. The GFR was estimated using the Cockroft–Gault (CG equation, the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD equations, the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI equation, the Jelliffe-1973 equation, and the Hull equation.Results: The median of difference ranged from −0.3–4.3 mL/min/1.73 m2. The interquartile range (IQR of differences ranged from 13.9–17.6 mL/min/1.73 m2. Accuracy with a deviation less than 15% ranged from 27.6%–32.9%. Accuracy with a deviation less than 30% ranged from 53.6%–57.7%. Accuracy with a deviation less than 50% ranged from 74.9%–81.5%. None of the equations had accuracy up to the 70% level with a deviation less than 30% from the standard glomerular filtration rate (sGFR. Bland–Altman analysis demonstrated that the mean difference ranged from −3.0–2.4 mL/min/1.73 m2. However, the

  13. Papilionoideae (Leguminosae arbóreas e lianas na estação de pesquisa, treinamento e educação ambiental (EPTEA, Mata do Paraíso, Viçosa, Zona da Mata Mineira Trees and lianes of the papilionoideae (Leguminosae in the research, training and environmental education station (EPTEA, Mata do Paraíso, Viçosa, Zona da Mata Mineira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izabella Martins da Costa Rodrigues

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste em um levantamento florístico das árvores e lianas pertencentes à Papilionoideae da Mata do Paraíso, importante fragmento de Floresta Estacional Semidecidual Submontana, no Município de Viçosa, Zona da Mata mineira. A pesquisa de campo foi realizada por meio de visitas à área de estudo, no período de julho/2004 a agosto/2005. Foram reconhecidos 12 táxons infra-específicos pertencentes a oito gêneros, sendo Machaerium Pers. (4 spp. e Dalbergia L. f. (2 spp. os mais representativos. São apresentados chaves de identificação, descrições, ilustrações e comentários sobre os táxons analisados. Dalbergia nigra (Vell. Allemão ex Benth., espécie vulnerável, e Ormosia vicosana Rudd, endêmica da região, foram encontradas na EPTEA.This work is a floristic survey of trees and lianas of the Papilionoideae in the Mata do Paraíso, an important fragment of Submontane Semideciduous Seasonal Forest, in Viçosa, Zona da Mata Mineira. The fieldwork was carried out through visits to the studied area, from July/2004 to August/2005. Twelve taxa represented by eight genera were recorded. Machaerium Pers. (4spp. and Dalbergia L. f. (2 spp. were the most representatives. Identification keys, descriptions and illustrations are presented for the analyzed taxa. Dalbergia nigra (Vell. Allemão ex Benth., vulnerable species and, Ormosia vicosana Rudd, endemic for the region were found at EPTEA.

  14. Research - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-12-14

    Dec 14, 2011 ... JinJian Fu1,2, SiDong Chen3,&, JiaLin Chen2, Jie Wang2, ChenWen Ling2. 1Department of Epidemiology, Southern Medical ... &Corresponding author: Sidong Chen, School of public health, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006,. Key words: Disease outbreaks, epidemiology, ...

  15. Kimura's disease: A case presentation of postauricular swelling

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-05-28

    May 28, 2015 ... Chen YM, Chen CH, Chen HH, Chen YH, Chen DY, Lan JL. Clinical manifestations, therapeutic response and disease outcome of Kimura's disease in Taiwan. Formos J Rheumatol 2009;23:33‑9. 10. López‑Arcas Calleja JM, Iturriaga TM, Romero MP, de María Martínez G,. Martín‑Moro JG, del Castillo JL.

  16. 專論/台灣圖書館史數位圖書館建構之研究/王梅玲;蔡明月;陳志銘;柯雲娥;蔡佳縈;陳勇汀;林怡甄 | A Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries' History / Mei-Ling Wang; Ming-Yueh Tsay; Chih-Ming Chen; Yun-Er Ke; Chia-Ying Tsai; Yong-Ting Chen; Yi-Jen Lin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    王梅玲、蔡明月、陳志銘、柯雲娥、蔡佳縈、陳勇汀、林怡甄

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available

    圖書館是保存與詮釋人類文化重要的機構,1990 年代開始,網際網路的進步,促成數位圖書館蓬勃發展,有人預測它就是未來的圖書館,因此,圖書館界與教育界積極參與相關研究。台灣地區歷經日據時期、重建 時期、成長時期及茁壯時期四階段,建設許多圖書館,有其豐富的主題與素材值得發展成為數位圖書館。政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所有鑑於此,提出「『台灣 百無圖書館史』數位圖書館」的構想,並獲得政大「發展國際一流大學及頂尖研究中心計畫」經費支持。本研究計畫目的包括:(1探索以台彎圖書館事業史為主 題的數位圖書館建構模式;(2建構數位圖書館以支援圖書資訊學教育與研究;(3研訂圖書館事業史料文獻的Metadata與數位資料格式;(4將圖 書文獻與文物數位化以建構數位館藏;(5發展數位圖書館系統與技術;(6研發數位圖書館網站的瀏覽與檢索功能;(7探討數位圖書館支援數位學習的模 式。計畫成果共研訂六種 Metadata標準:建置746筆數位化資料;以Dspace系統平台,依據需求設計台灣百年圖書館史系統架構與網站,最後提出結論與建議。

    Libraries are important social institutions that preserve and communicate human culture and knowledge. From the beginning of 1990s, the digital library has grown up rapidly based on the progress of the Internet. Libraries and educational institutions should be actively involved in digital library research and development. The Taiwan libraries’ history can be divided into four stages: Japanese occupation period, reconstruction period, growth period and strong period. In these processes, many events and libraries with rich materials that can be developed into a digital library. Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies, National Chengchi University, planned the Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries’ History and got the university support. The pilot study objectives include: (1 exploring the digital library model on Taiwan libraries' history; (2 constructing digital library to support education and research in information and library science; (3 developing Metadata standards of library documents and heritage; (4 digitalizing documents and heritage to build digital collections (5 developing digital library systems and technology; (6 researching browsing and search functions of the digital library; (7 exploring the model of the digital library supports e-learning. In this pilot study, we developed six Metadata standards, built 746 digital resources, constructed a digital library system and web site, and proposed the conclusions and suggestions finally.

    頁次:15-38

  17. Die Wasserstoff-Palladium-Bindung bei Adsorption des Wasserstoffs an den (100)-und (111)-Oberflächen sowie Diffusion und Absorption im Kristallgitter aus der Sicht der SW-Xα-Methode / Investigation of the hydrogen-palladium bond of hydrogen being adsorbed on the (100)- and (111)-surfaces, diffusing and being absorbed in the crystal-lattice using the SW-Xα-method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritsche, Hans-Gerhard

    1983-10-01

    SW-Xα-calculations pf PdnH-and Pdn-clusters of Oh -, Td -, C4v -and C3v -symmetry are carried out to investigate the bonding mechanism of hydrogen being chemisorbed at the (100)- and (111)-surfaces, entering the lattice and being absorbed at interstitial sites. Densities of states, local electron densities, spherical electron densities, integral electron charges as well as maps of the main H-Pd bonding orbital are compared in order to characterize the hydrogen-palladium bond.

  18. 專論/以關鍵詞網絡探討動態性知識管理議題/陳良駒;張正宏 | Exploring Dynamic Knowledge Management Research Issues: A Keyword Network Analysis / Liang-Chu Chen; Jeng-Horng Chang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳良駒、張正宏

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available

    知識管理是企業邁向知識經濟時代的實務顯學,也是學術界近年來持續探討的重要研究議題。然而知識管理的面向是一種多維度的呈現,如何快速而正確的瞭 解知識管理議題的發展,是許多組織知識工作者及學術研究學者努力的目標。許多學者提出知識管理內容的架構及分類,但卻都是屬於一種由上而下的靜態設計。社 會網絡分析是呈現及量測網絡實體成員互動的技術,適合建構關係網絡的動態性。本文嘗試以關鍵詞網絡來分析國內資訊相關系所從事知識管理研究的主題及脈絡, 並透過關鍵詞的連結來建構一套動態性的知識管理研究範疇。研究成果除驗證知識管理學域中的研究重點,更透過網絡關係來連結多樣性的研究構想,進而提供產官 學界更宏觀且動態的知識管理研究建議。

    Knowledge management (KM is an important practice in a corporation and an essential issue that academic scholars intend to explore continuously in the era of knowledge economy. However, KM presents a variety of perspectives that are still undefined for many knowledge workers and academic researchers. Many scholars propose a few categories and frameworks about KM, but a static outcome. Social network analysis (SNA is a method to present and measure the interaction among network entities and it is suitable to construct the dynamic relationship networks. The purpose of this study is to acquire the research issues and contexts of KM within information-related graduate schools based on a keyword network analysis. Moreover, we build a dynamic KM research network through these linkages with keywords. The results of this study confirm the essential research perspectives in a KM domain and suggest a variety of KM research ideas which provide the industries, governments, and academic communities with a macro and dynamic KM research viewpoint.

    頁次:81-94

  19. Zum Vorkommen von Wildbienen und Wespen (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) : auf Magerrasenflächen, Wald- und Wegrändern, verschiedenen Grünlandbereichen der (Nethe-) Flussaue sowie im Siedlungsbereich bei den Ortschaften Ottbergen, Bruchhausen und Amelunxen (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Landkreis Höxter) ; eine erläuterte Liste der nachgewiesenen Wildbienen und Wespen

    OpenAIRE

    Reidt, Jörg von der

    2006-01-01

    Die Bestimmung der gefangenen und präparierten Belegindividuen erfolgte mit einem Stereomikroskop (Binokular) bei ca. 30 bis 60 Vergrößerung. Für die Determination der Bienen und Wespen, insbesondere für einzelne Gattungen der Familie Apidae, ist eine Vielzahl von spezieller Bestimmungsliteratur erforderlich. Zur besseren Übersicht ist die, für die Determination als auch die zur Klärung systematischer und nomenklatorischer Fragen, benutzte Literatur in der nachfolgenden Tabelle aufgeführt....

  20. Response to the comment by C. Kisielowski, H.A. Calderon, F.R. Chen, S. Helveg, J.R. Jinschek, P. Specht, D. Van Dyck on the article "On the influence of the electron dose-rate on the HRTEM image contrast" by J. Barthel, M. Lentzen, A. Thust, Ultramicroscopy 176 (2017) 37-45.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barthel, Juri; Lentzen, Markus; Thust, Andreas

    2017-08-01

    In a recent article [1] we examined the influence of the applied electron dose rate on the magnitude of the image contrast in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). We concluded that the magnitude of the image contrast is not substantially affected by the applied electron dose rate. This result is in obvious contradiction to numerous earlier publications by Kisielowski and coworkers [2-7], who commented our recent article due to this contradiction. The present short communication is a response to the comment of Kisielowski and coworkers on our recent article, where we provide additional arguments supporting our initial findings and conclusions on the magnitude of the image contrast in HRTEM. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Fortschritt als Fraktur im frühen Science Fiction Film. Metaphorologische Überlegungen zu Auf- und Einbrüchen in LE VOYAGE DANS LA LUNE und LE VOYAGE À TRAVERS L`IMPOSSIBLE von G. Méliès

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartmann, Jörg

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Fantasies of man travelling into space form a main part of the popular movie genre ‘Science Fiction’. These celluloid visions are not only fantasies of improving transport, they also convey a meaning in a figurative sense. They can be seen as a modern adoption of one of humanities oldest metaphors, ‘life as a sea fare voyage’: the meaning, which was once expressed by this ‘nautical metaphor’, has been transferred and can nowadays be found in films, which show astro-nauts crossing the frontier from known space into the unknown space. In order to conclude on their attitude towards technological progress in the early 20th century, the two oldest space travel movies, Le Voyage dans la Lune (F 1902 and Le Voyage a Travers L’Impossible (F 1904 will be analyzed.

  2. 專論/品質保證應用在圖書資訊學數位課程發展之行動研究/王梅玲、陳巧倫(Mei-Ling Wang; Ciao-Lun Chen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    王梅玲、陳巧倫 Mei-Ling Wang; Ciao-Lun Chen

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available 網際網路促成數位學習發展,如今成為高等教育潮流,美國10 餘所圖書資訊學研究所提供數位碩士學程已培養許多圖書館專業人才。我國公共圖書館與學校圖書館普遍存在許多工作人員未受過專業教育的問題,因此圖書資訊學數位課程與學程長久以來受到期待。本論文基於數位學習品質保證原理,以行動研究方法,探討圖書資訊學數位課程的設計與發展。研究目的包括:(1)探討數位學習品質保證原理與機制;(2)運用品質保證規範以設計數位課程;(3)以行動研究發展圖書資訊學數位學習專班與數位課程;(4)檢討品質保證對數位課程發展之成效。本研究於2007年至2008 年間研發六門數位課程,包括知識組織與資訊取用、研究方法、學校圖書館管理、檔案學研究、圖書資訊學研討與數位圖書館等課程,利用行動研究,規劃與發展課程,並藉課程評鑑回饋修正,最後總結並提出建議。 E-learning is flourishing in higher education due to its ability to lift time and place restrictions from teaching and learning. Because many library staff has not received professional education, more E-learning curricula and programs by Library and Information Science schools is something that many libraries in Taiwan look forward to. Facing demand for E-learning from library staff, the Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies (LIAS at National Cheng-Chi University undertook an experimental curriculum project. The purpose of this study was to develop an E-learning master’s program with six E-learning curricula for library staff and instructors in senior high schools in accordance with quality assurance mechanism .The study was conducted as action research with five stages as follows: (a describing the problem and its focus; (b exploring some action options for the problem; (cseeking collaborative partners and discussing; (dundertaking action options: the five lecturers of the LIAS planned and developed six E-learning courses with web-based learning systems; (f evaluation and feedback: six courses were modified according to student learning outcome assessments and course reviews. In 2008, six E-learning courses were developed and program and curricular accreditation was applied for from the Ministry of Education. Six e-learning courses were Information, Organization and Access; Research Methodology; School Library Management; Seminar on Archival Studies; Seminar on Library and Information Science; and Digital Libraries. In addition to describing the planning and implementation of the curriculum, the article also reviews the effectiveness of E-learning teaching and learning, as well as offering final conclusions and recommendations. 頁次:54-65

  3. THE LITHOSPHERIC MAGNETIC FIELD ALONG THE NISHAN-GUYANG PROFILE, CHINA 6 datesYuan Jiehao1; Gu Zuowen1; Chen Bin1; Xu Rugang2; Wang Lie2; Wang Can1 1. Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration(IGP CEA), yjh810405@163.com 2. Anhui Earthquake Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, J.

    2014-12-01

    In order to research the lithospheric magnetic field and the magnetization structure, the geomagnetic field was surveyed along the Nishan-Guyang profile with 900 km long in the Neimenggu and Shanxi provinces in China. The distance between the adjacent geomagnetic sites is about 7 km along the profile. The geomagnetic data were analyzed, and the lithospheric magnetic field was obtained. Using the upward continuation method, the geomagnetic anomalies in different depths were obtained: the basement anomaly, the upper crust anomaly and the superficial anomaly. Basing on these geomagnetic anomalies, the magnetization structure was obtained by using the software of the ModelVision 11.0. The preliminary results show: (1) The geomagnetic anomalies have good relationship with the local geological structure. (2) The magnetization structure is related to the depth variation of the Curie interface, the values of the magnetic susceptibility, the seismic activity and the tectonic block.

  4. Web Usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines Do Not Influence Practices at ARL Academic Libraries. A Review of: Chen, Yu‐Hui, Carol Anne Germain and Huahai Yang. “An Exploration into the Practices of Library Web Usability in ARL Academic Libraries.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60.5 (2009: 953‐68.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shandra Protzko

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To survey the current status of Web usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines (PSGs found in academic libraries of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL. Researchers sought to investigate whether PSGs are in place, the levels of difficulty surrounding implementation, the impact of PSGs on design, testing, and resource allocation, and the relationship between ARL ranking and usability practice or PSGs.Design – Survey.Setting – North America.Subjects – Academic libraries of the ARL.Methods – An 18‐question survey consisting of multiple choice, Likert scale, and open‐ended questions was sent to all 113 ARL libraries in November 2007. Survey recipients were selected as the person in charge of Web site usability by visiting library Web sites and phone inquiry. The survey was concluded in January 2008 with a response rate of 74% (84 institutions. The researchers used t‐test to detect any difference in ARL library ranking between libraries with and without PSGs. Pair‐wise t‐tests were conducted to identify gaps in difficulty implementing PSGs. In addition, they used Pearson’s Correlation to investigate any significant correlations between variables such as ARL rank and resource allocation.Main Results – Of the 84 respondents, 34 (40% have general library Web PSGs and 25 (30% have specific usability PSGs; 41 (49% have at least one type of in‐library PSG. Of the 43 (51% libraries that do not have PSGs, 30 (36% are at universities with institutional Web usability PSGs; 26 (87% follow those guidelines. There was no statistically significant relationship between ARL ranking and PSG status (see Table 1. The authors asked about difficulty in implementing PSGs. Of the 32 libraries responding to a question about general library Web PSGs, most had slight or moderate difficulty. Twenty‐three libraries with specific usability PSGs identified difficulty levels; some had no difficulty, but a majority had moderate difficulty. For the 26 libraries using institutional Web usability PSGs, most had no or slight difficulty. Pair‐wise t‐tests showed that library Web usability PSGs were significantly more difficult to implement than university Web usability PSGs. Enforcement/agreement issues were reported as the primary difficulty in implementing in‐library PSGs. Technical issues and ambiguity were obstacles at the institutional level. More than half of the 84 libraries have Web advisory committees and about one third have usability committees or Web usability subcommittees. Several libraries answered that they have none of these committees, but indicated that they have some sort of ad hoc committee or user study group to address usability issues. Of the 84 respondents, 71 (85% have conducted usability testing. Sixty‐two libraries (73.8% rated usability testing as important, very important, or extremely important: the rate given for the importance of usability testing did not correlate with ARL ranking. Cited most often in open ended questioningwere the importance of iterative testing, library wide buy‐in, and staff and resource availability. Main web pages were tested most frequently. Fifty‐three libraries (74.6% tested their lower level pages at least once. OPACs were tested the least often. The amount of testing was impacted neither by the existence of library Web PSGs nor usability PSGs. The top two testing methods were in‐person observation and think aloud protocol.Of the 84 libraries, 24 (28% reported having staff dedicated to Web usability issues; twenty full‐time staff and four part‐time staff. There was a weak association between ARL ranking and hours worked by dedicated staff; no association existed for regular staff who take on Web responsibilities. Fifty‐one (60% of libraries had regular staff whose duties included Web usability; forty‐six full‐time and five part‐time. Training did not correlate to amount of testing methods used. There was a weak link between ALR ranking and availability of resources and, the authors showed, more testing was done as resources increased. In response to a query about future Web usability plans, the focus was on usability testing and site redesign, with only three libraries planning to refine or establish usability PSGs.Conclusion – The authors hypothesized that “web usability PSGs would influence usability practice within libraries and other institutions” (953. The data show that PSGs do not influence practices. The authors conclude that there is no significant relationship between PSGs and testing practices or PSGs and the availability of resources. Likewise, ARL ranking had no effect on the establishment of usability PSGs. Most libraries are conducting usability testing, and there was a weak link between ARL ranking and availability of testing resources. Highlighted in the open‐ended questions is the lack of usability expertise among stakeholders. Workload, inadequate human resources, and lack of organizational cohesion are also cited as barriers to the adoption of Web usability PSGs. The authors speculate that Web professionals likely use their own working knowledge and internalized guidelines without having formal documentation. The authors further speculate that the difficulty related to creating mental models that adequately represent library tasks may hinder the use of formal usability PSGs. Additionally, libraries may not regard the lack of usability PSGs as a liability, especially in light of the lack of government mandates or standards. The authors recommend educational efforts for key players on the value of Web usability, support for hiring dedicated staff, and formal documentation to guide design practice. The authors plan to compare the collected PSGs in an upcoming project. Future research could focus on non‐ARL libraries, the relationship between PSGs and user experience, and Content Management System (CMS usability characteristics.

  5. 實徵研究/國小教師以CREATER模式推動資訊素養創新課程之歷程/謝佩紋;林菁|The Process of Elementary School Teachers Implementing an Innovation Curriculum of Information Literacy with CREATER Model/Pei-Wen Hsieh; Lin Ching Chen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    謝佩紋、林菁 Pei-Wen Hsieh; Lin Ching Chen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available 本研究旨在探究國小教師推動資訊素養創新課程的歷程,並以CREATER革新模式的七個階段為架構,深入瞭解教師作為創新推動者在每個階段的經歷及結果,以提供有意推動資訊素養理念或其它創新的教育工作者參考。本研究採個案研究,以南部一所國小為研究個案,研究時間歷時一年半,透過觀察、訪談、文件分析等方法進行資料的蒐集。研究結果發現,國小教師推動資訊素養課程的歷程大致與CREATER模式的七個階段相符,但「關心」、「連結」與「檢視」階段並無明顯次序,教師以組織內成員的角色推動創新,能有效地將創新理念化為行動,但行動能否持續及發揮效果,還有賴團隊組成的完整性、教師的持續更新力及組織內掌握實權者的支持與參與。The purpose of this study was to explore the change process of implementing an information literacy curriculum by elementary school teachers. Based on the CREATER model, this study investigated the teachers’ experiences as change agents in each stage of the process. The research results could provide guidelines for educators who are devoted to promote the information literacy or other innovations. The method of case study was used to design this study. The subjects of this study were the teachers who voluntarily implemented the information literacy curriculum in an elementary school in the southern part of Taiwan. The methods for collecting research data were observations, interviews, and document analyses. The research results showed that the change process of implementing the information literacy curriculum corresponded to the seven stages of the CREATER model. However, the stages of “care,” “relate,” and “examine,” did not obviously happen in sequence. As members of the organization, the teachers could transform effectively the innovative concept into an action, but whether the innovation could be persistent depended on team relationships, teachers’ self-renewal capacity, and approvals and participation of the leaders who really managed the organization.頁次:70-89

  6. Characterization of genomic sequence of a drought-resistant gene ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hong Ying Zhang1 2 Wei Li3 Xin Guo Mao1 Rui Lian Jing1. The National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement, Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, People's Republic of China; College of Tobacco Science, Henan Agricultural University, ...

  7. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 12, No 22 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cryopreservation of achenes of caju-de-árvore-docerrado (Anacardium othonianum Rizz) · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Lílian Abadia da Silva, Juliana de Fátima Sales, Fabiano Guimarães Silva, Pedro Henrique Castro Magalhães Ferreira ...

  8. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Trishal Kaur. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 39 Issue 5 December 2014 pp 867-875 Articles. Uncoupling protein 2 gene (UCP2) 45-bp I/D polymorphism is associated with adiposity among Malaysian women · Yee-How Say Zi-Lian Ban Yogambigai Arumugam ...

  9. Ideal shear strength and deformation behaviours of L10 TiAl from ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. PING-YING TANG1 GUO-HUA HUANG1 QING-LIAN XIE1 JIAN-YING LI1. Key Laboratory of New Electric Functional Materials of Guangxi Colleges and Universities, Guangxi Teachers Education University, Nanning 530023, China ...

  10. In search of the ugliest country in the world : Australia vs. Belgium on Robin Boyd, Renaat Braem, regionalism and post-war modernism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gosseye, J.; Heynen, H.

    2013-01-01

    Three decades after Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre first introduced the notion of critical regionalism into architectural theory, the concept remains decisively current. One of its manifold recent attestation is Place Makers, an exhibition sponsored by the Queensland government to promote an

  11. Rafael R S Soares

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Rafael R S Soares. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 33 Issue 2 June 2008 pp 231-237 Articles. Photodynamic effect of light-emitting diode light on cell growth inhibition induced by methylene blue · Lílian S Peloi Rafael R S Soares Carlos E G Biondo Vagner R ...

  12. Effects of whole body vibration intervention on handgrip strength of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of whole body vibration intervention on handgrip strength of Brazilian healthy soldiers. Danielle Soares Morel, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Samuel Brandão Sobrinho Neto, Laisa Liane Paineiras Domingos, Patrícia Lopes de Souza, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá Caputo, Glenda Dias Costa, Cláudia Ferreira de Figueiredo, ...

  13. Quality of life of patients with metabolic syndrome is improved after ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Quality of life of patients with metabolic syndrome is improved after whole body vibration exercises. Rafaelle Pacheco Carvalho-Lima, Danúbia C. Sá-Caputo, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Carla Dionello, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Cintia Renata Sousa-Gonçalves, Daniele Soares Morel, Eric Heleno Frederico, Mario F.

  14. Effects of changes in vegetation on precipitation in the northern ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science; Volume 125; Issue 3. Effects of changes in vegetation on precipitation in the northern Tianshan Mountains evaluated using multiple time scales. Qinming Qinming Sun Tong Liu Zhiquan Han Yongping Wu Bai-Lian Li. Volume 125 Issue 3 April 2016 pp 507-519 ...

  15. Cryopreservation of achenes of caju-de-árvore-docerrado ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cryopreservation of achenes of caju-de-árvore-docerrado (Anacardium othonianum Rizz). Lílian Abadia da Silva, Juliana de Fátima Sales, Fabiano Guimarães Silva, Pedro Henrique Castro Magalhães Ferreira ...

  16. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vol 13, No 12 (2014), Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among ... Vol 10, No 2 (2011), Prevention of Radiocontrast-Induced Nephropathy after ... Lian-Yong Jiang, Xue-Feng Zhang, Fang-Bao Ding, Ming-Song Wang, Ju Mei, Yi He.

  17. Acrocladium, a synonym of Periconiella

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arx, von J.A.

    1981-01-01

    Petrak (1949) described the genus Acrocladium (type species: A. andinum Petrak) from unidentified leaves of a liane, collected by H. Sydow in 1937 in Ecuador. He compared the genus with Stachybotrys Corda and Sterigmatobotrys Oudem. The type specimen (W) was available for study. The leaves bear

  18. Competition Law in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Anand Raj; Cynthia Lian; Wen-Ly Chin

    2015-01-01

    There is still some way for Malaysia to go and the lack of merger control (for the foreseeable future) remains a significant shortcoming in the Malaysian competition law regime at this stage. Anand Raj, Cynthia Lian, & Wen-Ly Chin (Shearn Delamore & Co., Kuala Lumpur)

  19. Optimization of nutritional constituents for carbonic anhydrase ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    2011-08-08

    Aug 8, 2011 ... (CA) production from the strain of Bacillus mucilaginosus K02 by mono-factor tests with blank control and orthogonal ... possess strong ability to release mineral elements from various rocks and has widely been used in bacterial bio- fertilizer and biological leaching (Lian et al., 2001; Sheng and He, 2006 ...

  20. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 12, No 27 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Molecular cloning of full-length coding sequences and characterization of α chains for donkey (Equus asinus) type I collagen · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. J Lian, Y Qin, J You, Y Zhang ...

  1. Expression of miR-126 and its potential function in coronary artery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Expression of miR-126 and its potential function in coronary artery disease. Xiaoyan Wang1, Yajun Lian2, Xin Wen3, Jing Guo2, Zhiping Wang2,. Sheng Jiang2, Yaodong Hu2. 1. Department of Ultrasound, Heping Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College, Changzhi, Shanxi, China. 2. Department of Cardiology ...

  2. Relevance of whole body vibration exercise in sport: a short review ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Danielle Soares Morel, Carla da Fontoura Dionello, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Samuel Brandão- Sobrinho-Neto, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Patrícia Lopes Souza, Danúbia da Cunha Sá-Caputo, Glenda Dias, Claudia Figueiredo, Roberto Carlos Resende Carmo, Patrícia de Castro Paiva, Cintia Renata ...

  3. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Lian Tai Su. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 93 Issue 2 August 2014 pp 331-338 Research Article. Quantitative trait loci analysis of individual and total isoflavone contents in soybean seeds · Hai Jun Zhang Jing Wen Li Ya Jing Liu Wen Zhu Jiang Xing Lin Du Lin Li Xiao ...

  4. Development of genomic SSR and potential EST-SSR markers in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRECIOUS

    2009-11-16

    SSR markers in Bupleurum chinense DC. Chun Sui, Jian-He Wei*, Shi-Lin Chen, Huai-Qiong Chen and Cheng-Min Yang. Institute of Medicinal Plant Development (IMPLAD), Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (CAMS) and ...

  5. Anbautelegramm Saatwicke (Vicia sativa L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Böhm, Herwart; Weissmann, Elmar

    2013-01-01

    Für den Anbau von Saatwicken werden in einem kurzgefassten Anbautelegramm die Stärken und Schwächen sowie grundlegende Kennwerte zu Standortansprüchen, Aussaat, Unkrautregulierung, Nährstoffbedarf und Schaderregern beschrieben.

  6. Prevalence and associated factors of late HIV diagnosis in north ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors .... a recent study done in eastern part of Tanzania by Mhozya and colleagues (Mhozya, .... Twu SJ, Chen KT, Lin CC, Huang LY, Chen MY, Hwang JS, Wang JD and.

  7. Reduction of the Bethe–Salpeter wave function: Fermion–scalar ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Chen Chong1 Chen Jiao-Kai2. School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China; School of Physics and Information Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041004, China ...

  8. Finite groups with the set of the number of subgroups of possible ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Yanheng Chen1 2 Guiyun Chen1. School of Mathematics and Statistics, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Chongqing Three Gorges University, Chongqing 404100, People's Republic of China ...

  9. Characterization of PGL (2, p) by its order and one conjugacy class ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Yanheng Chen1 2 Guiyun Chen1. School of Mathematics and Statistics, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Chongqing Three Gorges University, Chongqing 404100, People's Republic of China ...

  10. Elevated plasma levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor correlated with inflammation and lung function in COPD patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li X

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Xiaoou Li,1–3 Tao Wang,1,2 Ting Yang,1,2 Yongchun Shen,1,2 Jing An,1,2 Lian Liu,1,2 Jiajia Dong,1,2 Lingli Guo,1,2 Diandian Li,1,2 Xue Zhang,1,2 Lei Chen,1,2 Dan Xu,1,2 Fuqiang Wen1,2 1Division of Pulmonary Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy of China, West China Hospital, West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, West China Hospital, West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Rationale: Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF is a 50 kD small secreting glycoprotein that participates in multiple physiological and pathological processes. Recent studies have reported that PEDF plays an important role in inflammatory responses in several diseases. However, the role of PEDF in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD remains unclear.Objective: The aim of the present study is to explore the potential relationship between PEDF and COPD.Methods: We used differential proteomics – stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture – to investigate protein expression profile changes in cigarette smoke extract-treated pulmonary cells and found that the neurotrophic and antiangiogenic protein PEDF was abnormally expressed. Furthermore, Western blotting was used to detect the expression of PEDF in the lung tissue of rats that were exposed to cigarette smoke. Eighty subjects between the ages of 40–90 years, including 20 healthy nonsmokers, ten smoking volunteers, and 50 COPD patients, were recruited from September 2012 until August 2013 in Sichuan Province, People’s Republic of China. We measured the plasma PEDF concentration and classic proinflammatory cytokines by multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, we performed a spirometry examination to

  11. Low-Loss Materials for Josephson Qubits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-09

    Campbell, Y. Chen, Z. Chen, B. Chiaro, A. Dunsworth, I.-C. Hoi, E. Jeffrey, C. Neill , P. J. J. O’Malley, J. Mutus, C. Quintana, P. Roushan, D. Sank, J...Mutus, Peter O’Malley, Charles Neill , Pedram Roushan, Daniel Sank, Amit Vainsencher, James Wenner, Theodore White, Andrew Cleland, John Martinis...Kelly, A. Megrant, A. Veitia, D. Sank, E. Jeffrey, T. White, J. Mutus, A. Fowler, B. Campbell, Y. Chen, Z. Chen, B. Chiaro, A. Dunsworth, C. Neill , P

  12. ICCG-10: International Conference on Crystal Growth (10th) Held in San Diego, California on August 16-21, 1992. Oral Presentation Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-10-01

    CRYSTAL GROWTH OF YVO4 USING THE LHPG TECHNIQUE S. Erdei and F. W. Anger Materials Research Laboratory The Pennsylvania State University, University Park...Bauser- 118 G. Chen- 192 Y. Einav - 135 Roger F. Belt- 9, 105 Huanchu Chen- 12 S. Endo- 188 H. Bender- 121 Men-Chee Chen- 161 S. Erdei - 112 P. Bennema

  13. A Comparison of the Treatment of Cyanide Poisoning in the Cynomolgus Monkey with Sodium Nitrite of 4-Dimethylaminophenol (4-DMAP), with and without Sodium Thiosulfate

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    Chen et al, 1934), amyl nitrite (Pedigo, 1888; Chen et al, 1933; Klimmek et a, 1988 a and b; Paulet, 1954), sodium nitrite (Hug and Marenzi , 1933; Chen...nitrite de sodium et du sulfure de sodium. Comp. Rend. Soc. Biol. Ses FRI. 111, 89-90. Hug, E., and Marenzi , A.D. (1933). Mecanisme de r’action

  14. Designing Robust and Resilient Tactical MANETs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-25

    Multipath Wireless Network, IEEE ISIT 2012. 01-JUL-12, . : , Tzong-Chen Wu, Chia-Hsin Owen Chen, Chung-Wei Chen, Cynthia Kuo, Yan-Hao Lai, Jonathan...Communications. 01-MAY-08, . : , Qing Li , Meiyuan Zhao , Jesse Walker, Yih-Chun Hu, Adrian Perrig, Wade Trappe. SEAR: A Secure Efficient Ad Hoc On Demand Routing

  15. Determination and Distribution Study of Pogostone in Rat Tissues by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Determination and Distribution Study of Pogostone in Rat Tissues by Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography. HM Chen, L Wang, XL Wu, CW Li, YL Xie, YH Liu, YZ Liang, XY Chen, XP Lai, JN Chen, YC Li, ZR Su ...

  16. 實徵研究/基於自動查詢語句擴展之主題地圖智慧型新聞搜尋引擎/陳志銘;張美華;邱偉嘉 │ An Intelligent News Search Engine with Topic Map User Interface Based on Automatic Query Expansion / Chih-Ming Chen; Mei-Hua Chang; Wei-Chia Chiu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳志銘、張美華、邱偉嘉 Chih-Ming Chen; Mei-Hua Chang; Wei-Chia Chiu

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available 近年來快速發展的新聞網站衍生使用者對於資訊查詢的強烈需求,而目前許多新聞網站(例如:Google News可以自動針對網際網路的新聞進行新聞事件的自動分類,以提供讀者相���新聞事件的聚集資訊,也提供以關鍵字進行新聞查詢的功能,但是卻無法提供整 個相關新聞事件發展脈絡的查詢及依據主題相關之新聞地圖的呈現機制。本研究利用Google News可以自動將新聞事件分類的特性,進一步利用改良式霍普菲爾類神經網路(Modified Hopfield Neural Networks, MHNN自動歸納產生新聞查詢語句知識本體(ontology,並依據所產生之新聞查詢語句知識本體,提出了一個可以依據使用者感興趣新聞類別來做新 聞事件的擴展查詢(query expansion機制,以強化新聞搜尋的效能。此外,藉由主題地圖(topic maps之方式提供有別於傳統新聞呈現方式給使用者瀏覽閱讀,可以將新聞查詢結果依據時間標記及主題關聯呈現,讓使用者能更清楚地掌握整個新聞主題的發 展脈絡。With the rapid development of the computer and Internet techniques, the Internet appears some news aggregator sites containing a large number of news articles, thus leading to advanced information retrieval requirements. Particularly, some news sites, such as Google news, provide automatically classified news information and keyword based search mechanism to readers for retrieving user-interested news events. However, most news sites do not provide currently to retrieve the developing clues of a news event and display the search results by the topic map with visualization user interface. Therefore, this study presents a novel news search engine with automatic user query expansion mechanism and a friendly topic map user interface based on the automatic generation scheme of news ontology constructed by Modified Hopfield Neural Networks. The experimental results indicate that the proposed query expansion mechanism based on the generated news ontology can efficiently help users to retrieve the user-interested news events. Meanwhile, the providing topic map of news events ranked by time stamp also provides benefits in terms of observing the developing context of a news event.頁次:19-41

  17. Nanostructured CdS/CdSSe glass composite for photonic application

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Am. B10, 100 (1993). [6] D J Norris, A Sacra, C B Murray and M G Bawendi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2612 (1994). [7] P D Persans, L B Lurio, J Pant, G D Lian and T M Hayes, Phys. Rev. B63, 5320. (2001). [8] I K Battisha, Fizika A11, 61 (2002). [9] G C Righini, G P Banfi, V Degiorgio, F Nicoletti and S Pelli, Mater. Sci. Engg. B9,.

  18. Drug: D06068 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Enzyme: CYP3A4 [HSA:1576] map07042 Antineoplastics - agents from natural products map07045 Antineoplastics ...lian target of rapamycin (mTOR) [HSA:2475] [KO:K07203] Temsirolimus [ATC:L01XE09] D06068 Temsirolimus (JAN/USAN/INN) Antineoplastics...- protein kinases inhibitors Therapeutic category of drugs in Japan [BR:br08301] 4 Agents affecting cellular function 42 Antineoplast...ics 429 Miscellaneous 4291 Other Antitumors D06068 Temsi

  19. A Multiscale Nested Modeling Framework to Simulate the Interaction of Surface Gravity Waves with Nonlinear Internal Gravity Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-30

    Interaction of Surface Gravity Waves with Nonlinear Internal Gravity Waves Lian Shen St. Anthony Falls Laboratory and Department of Mechanical...on studying surface gravity wave evolution and spectrum in the presence of surface currents caused by strongly nonlinear internal solitary waves...interaction of surface and internal gravity waves in the South China Sea. We will seek answers to the following questions: 1) How does the wind-wave

  20. Analisis Pengaruh Lingkungan Kerja Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Pegawai Di PT. Pelabuhan Indonesia I (Persero) Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Hasibuan, Syahriani

    2011-01-01

    Syahriani Hasibuan 2011, THE ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCE OF WORK ENVIRONMENT AND JOB MOTIVATION TO EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE AT INDONESIA PORT I (PERSERO) MEDAN supervisor : Prof.Dr.Rismayani, MS and Drs. M. Lian Dalimunthe, M.Ec, Ac Employee performance is necessary required in a company. One of the effort to increase employee performance for example through work environment and motivation. The problems that happened at Port of Indonesia I (Persero) Medan shows that office room which has not given...

  1. Human taeniasis: current insights into prevention and management strategies in endemic countries

    OpenAIRE

    Okello A; Thomas LF

    2017-01-01

    Anna L Okello,1 Lian Francesca Thomas2 1Division of Infection and Pathway Medicine, Edinburgh Medical School, Biomedical Sciences College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Scotland; 2Independent Consultant, Lusaka, Zambia Abstract: Human taeniasis is a zoonotic condition resulting from infection with the adult stages of Taenia saginata (“beef tapeworm”), Taenia solium (“pork tapeworm”) or Taenia asiatica (“Asian tap...

  2. WJG sets an example of internationalization for other Chinese academic journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zu, Guang-An

    2010-06-14

    Supported by the "Special Fund for Key Academic Journals" of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, World Journal of Gastroenterology (WJG) has become a high-impact international clinical medical journal due to the great efforts of Professor Lian-Sheng Ma, Editor-in-Chief, and his team over several years. Now, WJG has successfully achieved a high degree of internationalization and sets a good example for other Chinese academic journals.

  3. (Müll. Arg.) Hutch. et Dalz.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dans les vieilles forêts secondaires et les champs cultivés, elle devient une grande et forte liane à cime très touffue, qui constitue non seulement un encombrement caractéristique, mais qui joue un grand rôle de part sa surface foliaire sur l'interception de la lumière nécessaire à la photosynthèse. Ceci a pour conséquence.

  4. Patient registries for substance use disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Tai B; Hu L; Ghitza UE; Sparenborg S; VanVeldhuisen P; Lindblad R

    2014-01-01

    Betty Tai,1 Lian Hu,2 Udi E Ghitza,1 Steven Sparenborg,1 Paul VanVeldhuisen,2 Robert Lindblad2 1Center for the Clinical Trials Network, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA; 2The EMMES Corporation, Rockville, MD, USA Abstract: This commentary discusses the need for developing patient registries of substance use disorders (SUD) in general medical settings. A patient registry is a tool that documents the natural history of target diseases. Clinicia...

  5. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Q Xu, Y Liu, Y-B Cong, Y-Y Zheng, J-P Zhang, Y Cui, H Shi. Vol 15, No 11 (2016), Generation of truncated ... Shou-Liang Wang, Lian Duan, Wei Li, Gong-Ming Wang, Meng-Yuan Zhang. Vol 13, No 12 (2014), Genoprotective and ... Yanbing Wu, Zhenmin Yan, Junjun Zhao, Yinghui Zhu. Vol 14, No 5 (2015), Headspace ...

  6. Pleiotropic phenotypes of the salt-tolerant and cytosine ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tects miRNAs and siRNAs from a 3 -end uridylation activity in. Arabidopsis. Curr. Biol. 15, 1501–1507. Lian H., He S., Zhang Y., Zhu D., Zhang J., Jia K. et al. 2011 Blue-light-dependent interaction of cryptochrome 1 with. SPA1 defines a dynamic signalling mechanism. Genes Dev. 25,. 1023–1028. Liu H., Yu X., Li K., Klejnot ...

  7. A subtle sign of supersymmetry?

    CERN Multimedia

    Cho, A

    2001-01-01

    In experiments conducted by HEAT in 94/95 in the upper atomosphere, more positrons were detected than expected. Last year a revamped detector confirmed the excess. Physicists Gordon Kane and Lian-Tao think this could be evidence of supersymmetry. They postulate the extra positrons come from rare collisions between the lightest particle predicted by supersymmetry and its antimatter partner (1/2 page).

  8. A new method for obtaining geometric parameters of a liner

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-30

    of noise abatement methodology is the use of passive acoustic liners integrated in the engine nacelle inlets and aft-fan ducts. The ability to...parameters of a liner S Qiu 1 1 AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine CO.LTD, 3998 South Lian Hua Road, Shanghai, China Abstract A...accurate determinations of acoustic liner geometric parameters. In this study, the geometry design of a perforated plate liner is discussed. The

  9. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Danielle Soares Morel, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Samuel Brandão Sobrinho Neto, Laisa Liane Paineiras Domingos, Patrícia Lopes de Souza, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá Caputo, Glenda Dias Costa, Cláudia Ferreira de Figueiredo, Roberto Carlos Resende Carmo, Patrícia de Castro de Paiva, Cintia Renata Sousa Gonçalves, ...

  10. Similarity and Differences of the Concubine Character in the Novel Wives and Concubines and the Earth of Mankind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuc Lin

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Wives and Concubines and The Earth of Mankind showed us a situation where women is treated as animals and sold to a man. The moral standard of being concubine is to obey her master. In The Earth of Mankind, Nyai Ontosoroh took us to see her transformation process from a woman who obeyed her master into her master became dependant on her. And, on the contrary in Wives and Concubine, Song Lian, from a woman who protected her dignity changed into losing her personality in order to get the love from the master. Nyai Ontosoroh from a weak woman changed into powerful woman, but Song Lian from quite powerful changed into a woman with mental disorder. Nyai Ontosoroh’s transformation happened because she grasped a good opportunity to study new knowledge, western civilization and modernization. And Song Lian had new-style education but has not experienced self-awakening yet, did not have the concept of “earning your own living”, she did not have courage to step on a new path.  

  11. synthetic approaches

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Mdachi

    Avances en Quimica 8: 145-151. Chen J, Zhou L, Tan CK and Yeung Y-Y. 2012 An Enantioselective Approach toward 3,4-Dihydroisocoumarin through the Bromocyclization of Styrene-type. Carboxylic Acids. J. Org. Chem.77: 999-. 1009. Chen P-Y, Wang Y-F, Chen L-Y, Wang G-. L and Wang E-C 2013 Reaction of o-.

  12. Aluminum for Plasmonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Dielectric functions for the composite metal calculated using this approach (Figure 3c) closely match the ex- perimentallymeasured permittivities ...Slight discrepan- cies appearing in the imaginary permittivity may arise from either metallic granularity, which varies depend- ing on deposition...Enhanced Solar- to- Fuel Energy Conversion. Nano Lett. 2011, 11, 3440– 3446. 8. Chen, H. M.; Chen, C. K.; Chen, C. J.; Cheng, L. C.; Wu, P. C.; Cheng, B. H

  13. Mechanical Properties of EPON 826/DEA Epoxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-26

    properties of Epon 826 and Epon 828 , a similar resin, have been studied by several authors (Katz et al. 1980; Enns and Gillham 1983; Truong 1990; Kozey and...on hydrostatic pressure up to 17 MPa. Chen and Zhang (1997) and Chen and Zhou (1998) studied Epon 828 with curing agent T-403 under compressive...2002) Chen, W., Zhang, X.: Dynamic response of Epon 828 /T-403 under multiaxial loading at various temperatures. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. Trans. ASME

  14. Stochastic Non-Linear Flutter of Aeroelastic Structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-10-21

    diffusion coefficient. The impulse response of a single degree-of-freedom system with random parameters was determined by Chen and Soroka [25] by using a...the dispersion from the * mean becomes substantial. In another study, Chen and Soroka [26] con- sidered the response of multi-degree-of-freedom... Soroka , W. W., "Impulse Response of a Dynamic System with Statistical Properties," J. Sound and Vibration 31, pp. 309-314, 1973. 26. Chen, P. C. and

  15. The Measurement of Strain Fields by X-Ray Topographic Contour Mapping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    FIELDS BY X-RAY TOPOGRAPHIC CONTOUR MAPPING S.R. Stock, Haydn Chen and H.K. Birnbaum University of Illinois Department of Metallurgy Urbana, IL 61801...TOPOGRAPHIC CONTOUR MAPPING S. R. Stock*# Haydn Chen and H. K. Birnbaum Department of Metallurgy and Mining Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana...Birnbaum, - - H. K. and Chen, Haydn , Topographic EXAFS, Nature 309: 336 . - (1984). Hart, M., Bragg angle measurement and mapping, J. Cryst. Growth

  16. Studies of Deformation in Niobium by X-Ray Topographic Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    STANDARDS-|1%3-A ! iL STUDIES OF DEFORMATION IN NIOBIUM BY X-RAY TOPOGRAPHIC METHODS CV S.R. Stock, Haydn Chen and H,K, Birnbaum University of...Rt. Stock*, Haydn Chen and H. K. Birnbaum J icatio. -: Department of Metallurgy and Mining Engineering By - and Materials Research Laboratory... Haydn Chen and H. K. Birnbaum, "Equi-Inclination Contour Mapping of Strain Fields," in press in Applications of X-Ray . Topographic Methods to Materials

  17. 77 FR 28880 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ..., Inglewood, CA 90301, Officers: Edison Chen, Manager (Qualifying Individual), Wei-Nung (Janus) Lin, Member... A. Case, Vice President (Qualifying Individual), Thomas C. Case, President, Application Type: Trade...

  18. Taiwan in 2004: Elections, Referenda, and Other Democratic Challenges

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dumbaugh, Kerry

    2005-01-01

    .... In both the presidential and legislative election campaigns, Chen emphasized gaining a separate international identity for Taiwan -- an emphasis to which Beijing strenuously objected as dangerously...

  19. PREFACE: International Conference on Inverse Problems 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hon, Yiu-Chung; Ling, Leevan

    2011-03-01

    Conference 2010, we wish to express our cordial thanks to all the keynote, plenary, and invited speakers and members of the Advisory Board. We would like to thank the City University of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Mathematical Society, the K C Wong Education Foundation, the Lee Hysan Foundation, and the Wei Lun Foundation for their generous financial support. Particularly, we wish to thank Miss Lonn Chan for her excellent administrative work in making all the arrangements for the conference. March 2011Yiu-Chung Hon, City University of Hong Kong, HKSARLeevan Ling, Hong Kong Baptist University, HKSAR Invited Keynote SpeakerH Thomas Banks, North Carolina State University, USA Invited Plenary SpeakersRyuichi Ashino, Osaka Kyoiku University, JapanAndrea Caponnetto, City University of Hong Kong, HKSARJeng-Tzong Chen, National Taiwan Ocean University, TaiwanHiromichi Itou, Gunma University, JapanHyeonbae Kang, Inha University, South KoreaMichael Klibanov, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USAKim Knudsen, Technical University of Denmark, DenmarkRainer Kress, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, GermanyJérôme Le Rousseau, University of Orleans, FranceChang-Ock Lee, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South KoreaGui-Rong Liu, University of Cincinnati, USAShuai Lu, Fudan University, ChinaFadil Santosa, University of Minnesota, USATomoya Takeuchi, North Carolina State University, USAXiang Xu, Zhejiang University, ChinaJun Zou, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSAR Invited SpeakersMohamed Abdel-Mooty, The American University in Cairo, EgyptKrishna Agarwal, National University of Singapore, SingaporeHui Cao, Sun Yat-sen University, ChinaWen Chen, Hohai University, ChinaJin Cheng, Fudan University, ChinaLian Duan, University of Oxford, UKMeibao Ge, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, ChinaRalf Hielscher, TU Chemnitz, GermanyGuanghui Hu, Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), GermanyKiwan Jeon, National Institute for Mathematical

  20. influence of storage temperatures on physicochemical sensory and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    E-Shop

    2012-02-14

    Feb 14, 2012 ... (2009). Beta-carotene, lycopene, and alpha-tocopherol contents of selected Thai fruits. Food Chem. 113: 202-207. Chen JP, Tai CY, Chen BH (2004). Improved liquid chromatographic method for determination of carotenoids in. Taiwanese mango (Mangifera indica L.) J. Chromatogr A. 1054(1-2): 261-268.

  1. A generalized solution to a Cahn-Hilliard/Allen-Cahn system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luiz Boldrini

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available We study a system consisting of a Cahn-Hilliard and several Allen-Cahn type equations. This system was proposed by Fan, L.-Q. Chen, S. Chen and Voorhees for modelling Ostwald ripening in two-phase system. We prove the existence of a generalized solution whose concentration component is in $L^{infty}$.

  2. Quantum Fluctuations of Low Dimensional Bose-Einstein ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tadesse

    underlying physics and to predict the possible applications in quantum information processing. Experiments which are recently conducted with ultracold bosons in optical resonators (Mekhov and Ritsch, 2009; Chen et al., 2007; Chen and Meystre, 2009; Marquardt and Girvin, 2009) unify nicely the above concepts.

  3. High School Students' Topic Preferences and Oral Development in an English-Only Short-Term Intensive Language Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Hui-Chen

    2016-01-01

    Developing the ability to speak English is a daunting task that has long been omitted in a test-driven pedagogy context (Chang, 2011; Li, 2012a, 2012b; Chen & Tsai, 2012; Katchen, 1989, 1995). Since speaking is not tested for school admissions, most students are not motivated to learn it (Chang, 2011; Chen & Tsai, 2012). Now, globalization…

  4. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Xudong Chen. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 36 Issue 3 June 2011 pp 357-369. Influence of free water content on the compressive mechanical behaviour of cement mortar under high strain rate · Jikai Zhou Xudong Chen Longqiang Wu Xiaowei Kan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  5. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 15, No 7 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methotrexate nanoparticle delivery system for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease in pediatric patients · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Gang Liu, Dun-Chen Li, Ping-Ping Li, Ran-Ran Li, Shu-Ying Chen, 1361-1368.

  6. The antileishmanial agent licochalcone A interferes with the function of parasite mitochondria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhai, L; Blom, J; Chen, M

    1995-01-01

    Our previous studies have shown that licochalcone A, an oxygenated chalcone, has antileishmanial (M. Chen, S.B. Christensen, J. Blom, E. Lemmich, L. Nadelmann, K. Fich, T.G. Theander, and A. Kharazmi, Antimicrob, Agents Chemother. 37:2550-2556, 1993; M. Chen, S.B. Christensen, T.G. Theander, and A...

  7. Replikation von µ-Peptidarrays

    OpenAIRE

    Striffler, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    In der vorliegen Arbeit wurde ein Verfahren erarbeitet und mit Photometrie, XPS und ToF-SIMS charakterisiert, mit dem durch mikropartikelbasierte Verfahren hergestellte µ-Peptidarrays von Syntheseoberflächen abgespalten und auf beliebige Zieloberflächen transferiert werden können.

  8. International Conference on the Science and Technology of Zirconia (ZrO2IV) (4th) Held in Anaheim, California on Nov 1-3, 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-02-01

    Y. Li, Y. Chilena de Energia Nuclear, Santiago Chen, W.E. Mayo and W. Roger Cannon*, Chile; I-Wei Chen, University of Michigan, Department of Material...Chilena de Energia Nuclear, Santiago, Chile. Composite samples were obtained Dy colloidal Y203-stabilized tetragonal zirconia poly- filtration of ZrO 2 /AL

  9. NEW ERBIUM DOPED ANTIMONY GLASSES FOR LASER AND ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-06-30

    Jun 30, 2012 ... glasses. The intensities of various absorption bands of the doped glasses are measured and the Judd-Ofelt parameters have been computed. From the ..... Chemistry of Rare Earth. 1998, 25. [2] Chen Y. J., Huang Y. D., Huang M. L., Chen R. P., Luo Z. D. Opt. Mater. 2004, 25,. 271. Transition λmax. Ar (s-1).

  10. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 16, No 11 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Correlation of expressions of S100A8 and S100A9 and its prognostic potential in nasopharyngeal carcinoma · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Wenbing Hu, Gangsheng Wang, Lun Ye, Jun Chen, Xi Chen, Lei Gu, Zezhang Tao, 2577-2583 ...

  11. EAUROSURGERY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    radiographs to identify increase in size and intracranial extension. 41 6 Surgical excisions is necessary for symptomatic and giant cases. Recurrence is rare if excision is complete. References. 1. Chang SC, Chen PK, Chen YR, Chan. The Nigerian Journal of Surgical Research Volume 3 Number 3-4 December 2001 ...

  12. Invited Speaker Support for SBP Conference Series (SBP 2014) held in April, 2014 in Washington, DC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-23

    Robin Baker and Paul Burns Break 9:30 AM Refreshments: muffins, bagels, hardcooked eggs, fruit, beverages Keynote 10:00 AM Keynote by...Emoticon Use in First and Second Languages Cecilia Aragon, Nan-Chen Chen, Judith Kroll and Laurie Feldman SBP Poster Social Maintenance and

  13. Expression of TLP-3 gene without signal peptide in tobacco plants ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-06-06

    Jun 6, 2011 ... For making the construction of pBI121 plasmid that have TLP-3 gene without signal peptide, plasmid was digested with Xba I ... coli XL1-Blue that has the construction, colony PCR and digesting were used. Tobacco transformation by ..... Plant pathology, 5th ed. Academic press. Chen WP, Chen PD, Liu DJ, ...

  14. Overexpression of hsa-miR-939 follows by NGFR down-regulation ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-02-11

    Feb 11, 2017 ... MicroRNA target prediction; in: Methods in enzymology (eds). JR John, JH Gregory (Academic Press) pp 65–86. Zhang X, Chen C, Wu M, Chen L, Zhang J, Zhang X, et al. 2012. Plasma microRNA profile as a predictor of early virological response to interferon treatment in chronic hepatitis B patients. Antivir.

  15. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. RENFU CHEN. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 41 Issue 2 June 2016 pp 229-236 Article. Silencing of HMGA2 promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells · Zhan Shi Ding Wu Run Tang Xiang Li Renfu Chen Song Xue Chengjing ...

  16. DMPD: Antiviral innate immunity pathways. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 16474426 Antiviral innate immunity pathways. Seth RB, Sun L, Chen ZJ. Cell Res. 200...6 Feb;16(2):141-7. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show Antiviral innate immunity pathways. PubmedID 16474426 ...Title Antiviral innate immunity pathways. Authors Seth RB, Sun L, Chen ZJ. Publication Cell Res. 2006 Feb;16

  17. Developments in Microcomputing--Discovering New Opportunities for Libraries in the 1990s. Festschrift in Honour of Richard De Gennero. Papers presented at the International Essen Symposium (12th, Essen, West Germany, October 23-26, 1989).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helal, Ahmed H., Ed.; Weiss, Joachim W., Ed.

    The 16 papers in this collection explore the microcomputer revolution as it affects library information systems: (1) "HyperMedia/Multimedia Technology and New Opportunities for Libraries in the 1990s" (Ching-chih Chen); (2) "Use of CD-ROMs in West German Libraries" (David I. Raitt and Ching-chih Chen); (3) "Purposes of Interactive Optical Discs…

  18. Anticancer Effects of Chenopodium ambrosiodes L. Essential Oil on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    168. 17. Hou J, Sun J, Chen SY, Chen S, Cai X, Zou G.. Chemical composition, cytotoxic and antioxidant activity of the leaf essential oil of Photinia serrulata. Food Chemistry 2007;. 103: 355-358. 18. Bezerra DP, Costa EV, Nogueira PCL.

  19. Rapid identification of the medicinal plant Taraxacum formosanum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rapid identification of the medicinal plant Taraxacum formosanum and distinguishing of this plant from its adulterants by ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) based DNA barcode. YC Chiang, WT Chang, MD Chen, GH Lai, HJ Chen, J Chao, MK Lin, YS Chang, YM Chou, MS Lee, MS Lee ...

  20. Pitfalls in VAR based return decompositions: A clarification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engsted, Tom; Pedersen, Thomas Quistgaard; Tanggaard, Carsten

    Based on Chen and Zhao's (2009) criticism of VAR based return de- compositions, we explain in detail the various limitations and pitfalls involved in such decompositions. First, we show that Chen and Zhao's interpretation of their excess bond return decomposition is wrong: the residual component...

  1. The roles of electronic books in the transformation of learning and instruction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, R; Chen, N; Kang, M; McKenney, S; Churchill, D

    2014-01-01

    Huang, R., Chen, N., Kang, M. McKenney, S. & Churchill, D. (2013). The roles of electronic books in the transformation of learning and instruction. In N. Chen, R. Huang, Kinshuk, Y. Li, D. G. Sampson (Eds.) Proceedings of the IEEE 13th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies

  2. Antitumor activity of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi total flavonoids ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ajl yemi

    2011-12-19

    Dec 19, 2011 ... Chang WH, Chen CH, Lu FJ (2002). Different effects of Baicalein,. Baicalin and Wogonin on mitochondrial function, glutathione content and cell cycle progression in human hepatoma cell lines. Planta Med. 68(2): 128-132. Du FY, Chen J, Ren XF (2008). Study on Extraction and Purification. Process of Total ...

  3. Anbautelegramm Lupinen (Lupinus angustifolius L., Lupinus luteus L., Lupinus albus L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Böhm, Herwart; Gruber, Harriet

    2013-01-01

    Für den Lupinenanbau werden in einem kurzgefassten Anbautelegramm die Stärken und Schwächen der weißen, gelben und blauen Lupinen sowie grundlegende Kennwerte zu Standortansprüchen, Aussaat, Unkrautregulierung, Nährstoffbedarf und Schaderregern dargestellt.

  4. Theoriebedingte Wörterbuchformprobleme und ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wird sie erweitert, erkennt man im Licht der Theorie die Stärken und Schwächen der neuen Formelemente; das führt zur Wörterbuchkritik. Besonders die Schwächen führen zu wörterbuchformbedingten Benutzerproblemen. In diesem ersten Teil des Beitrags werden theoriebedingte Artikelformprobleme behandelt, die sich ...

  5. Theoriebedingte Wörterbuchform- probleme und wörterbuch ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wird sie erweitert, erkennt man im Licht der Theorie die Stärken und Schwächen der neuen Formelemente; das führt zur Wörterbuchkritik. Besonders die Schwächen führen zu wörter- buchformbedingten Benutzerproblemen. In diesem ersten Teil des Beitrags werden theoriebedingte. Artikelformprobleme behandelt, die ...

  6. Li et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(2):61-71 http ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acer

    5 studies examined the effect of acupuncture combined with traditional Chinese drug, vs traditional Chinese drug (Chen et al., 2012; Chen and Le, 2005; Cheng, 2006; Liu, 2006; Zuo et al., 2004). 5 RCTs tested acupuncture combined with western medicine, vs western medicine (Ai et al., 2005; Li and Li, 2010; Ma and Li, ...

  7. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... wave function: Fermion–scalar case and scalar–scalar case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chong Chen and Jiao-Kai Chen. 809. Cluster decay of 112−122Ba isotopes from ground state and as an excited compound system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .K P Santhosh, P V Subha and B Priyanka.

  8. effect of pre-heattemperature onthetlglow curve offused

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    offused quartz for dating and retrospective dosimetry applications (Chen and Mckeever, 1997; Pagonis et ... proposed by Chen and Mckeever (1994) was used: F(0kKkk M (1) where in the graph of TL versus dose, S., ... blackbody radiation from the sample holder. For each of the measurement reported, about 12 mg of the.

  9. Reference: 669 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available psis. 21 3873-82 17933793 2007 Nov Development (Cambridge, England) Chen Jin-Gui|Chen Xiao-Ya|Ellis Brian E|Kwak Su-Hwan|Schiefelbein John|Wang Shucai|Zeng Qingning ... 669 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17933793i Wang Shuca

  10. The Functional Unit of Japanese Word Naming: Evidence from Masked Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdonschot, Rinus G.; Kiyama, Sachiko; Tamaoka, Katsuo; Kinoshita, Sachiko; La Heij, Wido; Schiller, Niels O.

    2011-01-01

    Theories of language production generally describe the segment as the basic unit in phonological encoding (e.g., Dell, 1988; Levelt, Roelofs, & Meyer, 1999). However, there is also evidence that such a unit might be language specific. Chen, Chen, and Dell (2002), for instance, found no effect of single segments when using a preparation…

  11. Anti-Fatigue Effect of Aqueous Extract of Anisomeles indica (L ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anti-Fatigue Effect of Aqueous Extract of Anisomeles indica (L) Kuntze in Mice. Chung-Shih Chen, Mei-Lin Wang, Rosa Huang Liu, Shih-Pin Chen, Tsong-Ming Lu, Wei-Yu Tsai, Chien-Fu Huang, Chi-Chiang Yang, Yew-Min Tzeng ...

  12. Influence of 1523 K annealing on phase and magnetic properties in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1103–1108. c Indian Academy of Sciences. Influence of 1523 K annealing on phase and magnetic properties in. (Gd1−xErx)5Si2Ge2 compounds. XIANG CHEN1,2, YUNGUI CHEN1,∗ and YANGBO TANG1. 1School of Materials Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, People's Republic of China.

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China, High-Power Laser and Particle Beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-07-29

    Accelerator Conference, 1988. 12. Chen Jiaer, et al., "RF Superconducting Cavities at IHIP of Beijing University," to be published, 1990. 13. Chen...Jiaer, et al., IHIP Report SC-91-01, 1991. 21 14. Q.S. Shu, KEK Report 89-21, 1990, p 539. 15. R.W. Roth, et al., EPAC 90, Nice, 1990. 16. B. Byrns

  14. Research Paper ISSN 0189-6016©2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    2008YB010). References. 1. Bocchini, P., Andalò, C., Pozzi, R., Galletti, G.C. and Antonelli, A. (2001). Determination of diallyl thiosulfinate (allicin) in garlic (Allium sativum L.) by high-performance liquid chromatography with a post-column photochemical reactor. Anal. Chim. Acta. 441: 37-43. 2. Chen, Y.C., Shen, S.C., Chen, ...

  15. Novel NPHS1 gene mutations in a Chinese family with congenital ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology,. Wuhan, Hubei 430030, People's Republic of China. [Yang F., Chen Y., Zhang Y., Qiu L., Chen Y. and Zhou J. 2016 Novel NPHS1 gene mutations in a Chinese family with congenital nephrotic syndrome.

  16. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 1250 ... Vol 13, No 1 (2016), Activation of different cerebral functional regions following acupuncture at Bot H Taixi and Taichong acupoints and taixi acupointalone: An fMRI study, Abstract PDF. YJ Wanga, Y Zhenga, GF Zhang, JP Zhanga, CX Wua, SQ Zhang, HL Ouyang, ZP Li, JR Chen, SS Qu, JQ Chen, ...

  17. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Yang Chen. Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Volume 33 Issue 2 June 2012 pp 213-220. Star Formation Rate Indicators in Wide-Field Infrared Survey Preliminary Release · Fei Shi Xu Kong James Wicker Yang Chen Zi-Qiang Gong Dong-Xin ...

  18. Effects of Surface Treatment and Interfacial Strength on the Damage Propagation in Layered Transparent Armor under Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-20

    Confinement,” Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 36, pp. 155-158. Chen, W. and Zhang, X. (1997) “Dynamic response of Epon 828 /T-403 under multiaxial...B. (1998) “Constitutive behavior of Epon 828 /T403 at various strain rates,” Me- chanics of Time-Dependent Materials, Vol. 2, pp. 103-111. Chen, W

  19. Novel vitamin D 1α-hydroxylase gene mutations in a Chinese ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    hydroxylase gene mutations in a Chinese vitamin-D-dependent rickets type I patient. Lihua Cao Fang Liu Yu Wang Jian Ma Shusen Wang Libo Wang Yang Zhang Chen Chen Yang Luo Hongwei Ma. Research Note Volume 90 Issue 2 August ...

  20. Production and characterization of heavy-metal removing bacterial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DINESH

    2012-05-17

    May 17, 2012 ... 78: 967-973. He N, Li Y, Chen J, Lun SY (2002). Identification of a novel bioflocculant from a newly isolated Corynebacterium glutamicum. Biochem. Eng. J. 11: 137–148. He N, Li Y, Chen J (2004). Production of a novel polygalacturonic acid bioflocculant REA-11 by Corynebacterium glutamicum. Bioresour.

  1. Novel vitamin D 1α-hydroxylase gene mutations in a Chinese ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2011-08-19

    hydroxylase gene mutations in a Chinese vitamin-D-dependent rickets type I patient. LIHUA CAO1, FANG LIU2, YU WANG1, JIAN MA2, SHUSEN WANG1, LIBO WANG2, YANG ZHANG1,. CHEN CHEN1, YANG LUO1∗ and HONGWEI ...

  2. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. BINGYAN CHEN. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 89 Issue 3 September 2017 pp 37 Research Article. Graphene-based tunable terahertz filter with rectangular ring resonator containing double narrow gaps · WEI SU BINGYAN CHEN · More Details ...

  3. Influence of 1523 K annealing on phase and magnetic properties in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 34; Issue 5. Influence of 1523 K annealing on phase and magnetic properties in (Gd1−Er)5Si2Ge2 compounds. Xiang Chen Yungui Chen Yangbo Tang. Volume 34 Issue 5 August 2011 pp 1103-1108 ...

  4. Nociceptor Response - A Review of Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-20

    fibers are recruited (Sikandar et al., 2013; Arendt -Nielsen & Bjerring, 1988a; Pertovaara et al., 1988). Increased heating rate results in increased...thermal stimulation with contact heat from thermodes or radiant heat from a light bulb proved to have many limitations ( Arendt -Nielsen & Chen, 2003...can be further classified as mechanoreceptors, chemoreceptors, mechanoinsensitive nociceptors, and polymodal nociceptors ( Arendt -Nielsen & Chen, 2003

  5. Evaluation of NF-kappaB Signaling in T Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    M. Blonska, H. Li, M. Kobayashi, B. Pappu , Y. Chen, D. Wang, and X. Lin. 2005. Phosphorylation of CARMA1 plays a critical role in T Cell receptor...receptor signaling to nu- clear factor B. Immunity 25: 701–715. 4. Matsumoto, R., D. Wang, M. Blonska, H. Li, M. Kobayashi, B. Pappu , Y. Chen, D. Wang, and

  6. Photoacoustic and Ultrasonic Image-Guided Needle Biopsy of the Prostate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    Homan K, Kim S, Chen Y-S, Wang B, Mallidi S, Emelianov S. Prospects of molecular photoacoustic imaging at 1064 nm wavelength. Optics letters 2010;35...Photoacoustic imaging of prostate brachytherapy seeds. Biomedical Optics Express 2011;2(8):2243–54. [8] Mitcham T, Homan K, Frey W, Chen Y-S

  7. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ajl2

    2012-10-11

    Oct 11, 2012 ... relationships among Rosa damascena plants grown in Turkey by using AFLP and microsatellite markers. J. Biotechnol. 111:263-267. Chao CCT, Devanand PS, Chen JJ (2005). AFLP analysis of genetic relationships among Calathea species and cultivars. Plant Sci. 168:1459-1469. Chen J, Devenand PS, ...

  8. Data release of the LAMOST pilot survey

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    A-Li Luo Hao-Tong Zhang Yong-Heng Zhao Gang Zhao Xiang-Qun Cui Guo-Ping Li Yao-Quan Chu Jian-Rong Shi Gang Wang Jian-Nan Zhang Zhong-Rui Bai Xiao-Yan Chen Feng-Fei Wang Yan-Xin Guo Jian-Jun Chen Bing Du Xiao Kong Ya-Juan Lei Yin-Bi Li Yi-Han Song Yue Wu Yan-Xia Zhang Xin-Lin Zhou Fang Zuo Peng Du Lin He Wen Hou Yi-Qiao Dong Jian Li Guang-Wei Li Shuang Li Jing Song Yuan Tian Meng-Xin Wang Yong-Hui Hou Zhi-Ying Huo Hong-Zhuan Hu Ning-Sheng Hu Zhong-Wen Hu Lei Jia Fang-Hua Jiang Xiang Jiang Zi-Bo Jiang Ge Jin Ai-Hua Li Qi Li Yin-Dun Mao Zheng-Hong Tang Qing-Sheng Tao Liang-Ping Tu Da-Qing Wang Dan Wang Jian-Ping Wang Lei Wang Shou-Guan Wang Shu-Qing Wang Ya-Nan Wang You Wang Yue-Fei Wang Ming-Zhi Wei Xiang-Xiang Xue Xiao-Zheng Xing Ling-Zhe Xu Xin-Qi Xu Yan Xu De-Hua Yang Shi-Hai Yang Zheng-Qiu Yao Yong Yu Hui Yuan Chao Zhai En-Peng Zhang Jing Zhang Li-Ping Zhang WeiZhang Yong Zhang Zhen-Chao Zhang Ming Zhao Fang Zhou Yong-Tian Zhu Jie Zhu Si-Cheng Zou

    2012-01-01

    ...—Nan Zhang ,Zhong—Rui Bai ,Xiao—Yan Chen ,Feng—Fei W ang ,Yan—Xin Guo ,Jian—Jun Chen ,Bing Du1,Xiao KongI,Ya—Juan Lei1,Yin—Bi Li1,Yi—Han Song ,Yue Wu ,Yan—Xia...

  9. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Bin Chen. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 33 Issue 5 December 2008 pp 715-721 Articles. Proteomic analysis of cervical cancer cells treated with suberonylanilide hydroxamic acid · Jianxiong He Canhua Huang Aiping Tong Bin Chen Zhi Zeng Peng Zhang ...

  10. The validity and accuracy in foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The validity and accuracy in foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis measuring models referenced by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in body composition in standing position. KC Hsieh, HK Lu, CH Chen, TR Jang, YY Chen, MF Kao ...

  11. Genome association study of human chromosome 13 and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 92; Issue 1. Genome association study of human chromosome 13 and susceptibility to coronary artery disease in a Chinese population. Peng Jie Chen Xing Li Tingting Xie Yi Zhang Jianning Jiang Tingting Liu Tianjiao Chen Gang Guo Yuan. Research Note Volume 92 Issue 1 ...

  12. Novel NPHS1 gene mutations in a Chinese family with congenital ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Fengjie Yang1 Yaxian Chen1 Yu Zhang1 Liru Qiu1 Yu Chen1 Jianhua Zhou1. Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, People's Republic of China ...

  13. Online Dictionaries on the Internet: An Overview for the African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    isiXhosa. On lin e. 30. 00. (English. →. ) O'Kennon 19. 96. Pe rs ona l. 47. S. 4. 2. S o u th Afric a. 9 14. 2 00. 0. On lin e. 20. 00. English Anon . 20. 02 e. L angua g e. 48. On lin e. 10. 01. Espera nto Van Wilgen. 20. 03. Majs tro. 49. PC 835. Espera nto Van Wilgen. 20. 02. Ergan e. 50. 27. isiZulu. Pop-up 805. Ita lian Toscano.

  14. De la révision du Dictionnaire de Samuel Galley*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    R.B. Ruthven

    Museau allongé du crocodile ou de la civette mvakh. -5. balle de fusil ou cartouche. -6. Abeñy ndame, chevalet à deux X en pente où l'on met en position penchée les lianes à caoutchouc coupées pour en recueillir le latex. -7. Abeñy ntsap, barre de savon. -8. Abeñy ébom, système de fer qui ferme la cangue du prisonnier.

  15. European Regional Modernism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Brian Canizaro

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, beginning with the publication in 2003 of Liane Lefaivre and Alexander Tzonis’ 'Critical Regionalism', followed by my 'Architectural Regionalism: Collected Writings on Place, Identity, Modernity and Tradition 'in 2007, there has been a quiet resurgence in the discourse of architectural regionalism.' 'Leuven University Press’s 'Regionalism and Modernity: Architecture in Western Europe 1914–1940 'continues in this direction, with eleven chapters devoted to variations of the regionalist tendency in European architecture focused primarily on Belgium and France, but also Great Britain, Italy, and Germany.

  16. A new species of the genus Mongolotettix Rehn, 1928 from Hubei, China (Acrididae, Acridoidea, Orthoptera).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Fang-Qiang; Shi, Jian-Ping; Dang, Yan

    2017-04-04

    The genus Mongolotettix Rehn, 1928 is a small genus of family Adrididae. It has nine species discovered from the Far Eastern Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, and Russia [Bolívar, 1898; Uvarov, 1914; Caudell, 1921; Chogsomzhav, 1974; Li et Lian, 1994; Wan, Ren et Zhang, 1998; Xie et Li, 2000, Kim et Kim 2005; Dong, et al, 2015; Shi et al, 2016; Storozhenko, 2016; Eades et al, 2017; Zhang et al, 2017]. In the present paper, we describe a new species of the genus from Hubei, China. Type specimens are deposited in the College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, Shandong, China.

  17. Hieracium sinoaestivum (Asteraceae, a new species from North China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Sennikov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Hieracium sinoaestivum Sennikov sp. nov. is described as new to science and illustrated. This presumably apomictic species is solely known from two old collections made in a single locality in the Shanxi Province of China. It belongs to the hybridogenous group H. sect. Aestiva (H. sect. Prenanthoidea × H. sect. Umbellata and is most similar to H. veresczaginii from southern Siberia. The new species occurs at low altitudes in the forest belt of Lülian Mts. and belongs to taiga forest elements.

  18. Fiber-Based Frequency Distribution Based on Long-Haul Communication Lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    Jarlemark, J. Johansson, L. Pendrill, C. Rieck, P. Löthberg, and H. Nilsson, 2005, “Time and Frequency Transfer in an Asynchronous TCP/IP over SDH ...Instrumentation and Measurement, in press. [6] S. R. Jefferts, M. Weiss, J. Levine, S. Dilla, and T. E. Parker, 1996, “Two-Way Time Transfer through SDH and...2.4 Gb/s Optical SDH Systems,” IEEETransactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 50, 709-7151. [8] F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, P. Lemonde, and G

  19. Jet Crackle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-23

    stress tensor assuming a Newtonian fluid and neglecting the effect of bulk viscosity is expressed τij = 1 Re ( ∂ui ∂xj + ∂uj ∂xi − 2 3 ∂uk ∂xk δij...Bonnet, J. P. 1994 Velocity field characteristics in supersonic mixing layers. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 9 (2), 147–155. Duan, Lian...of skewness budget is given. The budgets for a nominally non -crackling and crackling, M = 0.9 and 2.5, respectively, are compared and we show that

  20. Biofluid-Based Detection of the Migration Switch in Prostate Cancer to Predict Metastatic Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    a pre-diagnosis cohort of ~100 patients (Negative and positive for PCa) that are balanced for age and PSA (᝺ng/mL) at time of biopsy. This small...isolated a pre-diagnosis cohort of ~100 patients (Negative and positive for PCa) that are balanced for age and PSA (᝺ng/mL) at time of biopsy. This...ORGANIZATIONS  The PI is Dr. Lian Willetts.  Other individuals worked on the project are: 1. Name: Pink D. Role: clinical coordinator Nearest

  1. Seven new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) in Northern Vietnam and Southern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wen-Hong; Radbouchoom, Sirilak; Nguyen, Hieu Quang; Nguyen, Hiep Tien; Nguyen4, Khang Sinh; Shui, Yu-Min

    2018-01-01

    Abstract Since 2016, KIB (Kunming Institute of Botany) and CPC (Centre for Plant Conservation of Vietnam) have conducted several surveys in the transboundary karst regions in Northern Vietnam and Southern China and seven new species in the genus Begonia Linn. (Begoniaceae) are firstly described. Amongst them, two species, Begonia albopunctata Y.M. Shui, W.H. Chen & H.Q. Nguyen and B. erectocarpa H.Q. Nguyen, Y.M. Shui & W.H. Chen, respectively belong to section Sphenanthera with berry fruits and section Leprosae with clavate berry fruits; four species, B. gulongshanensis Y.M. Shui & W. H. Chen, B. minissima H.Q. Nguyen, Y.M. Shui & W.H. Chen, B. mollissima Y.M. Shui, H.Q. Nguyen & W.H. Chen, B. rhytidophylla Y.M. Shui & W.H. Chen, belong to section Coelocentrum with parietal placentation; one species, Begonia bambusetorum H.Q. Nguyen, Y.M. Shui & W.H. Chen, belongs to section Diploclinium with 3-loculed ovary and capsules. The diagnostic characters of these species are described and illustrated in the text and photographs. PMID:29416422

  2. Synchronization between Fractional-Order and Integer-Order Hyperchaotic Systems via Sliding Mode Controller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Ping Wu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The synchronization between fractional-order hyperchaotic systems and integer-order hyperchaotic systems via sliding mode controller is investigated. By designing an active sliding mode controller and choosing proper control parameters, the drive and response systems are synchronized. Synchronization between the fractional-order Chen chaotic system and the integer-order Chen chaotic system and between integer-order hyperchaotic Chen system and fractional-order hyperchaotic Rössler system is used to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed synchronization approach. Numerical simulations coincide with the theoretical analysis.

  3. The genus Bryoerythrophyllum (Musci, Pottiaceae in Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sollman Philip

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Antarctic material of the genus Bryoerythrophyllum P. C. Chen was studied from all specimens present in KRAM. Bryoerythrophyllum recurvirostrum (Hedw. P. C. Chen var. antarcticum L. I. Savicz & Smirnova is treated as a distinct species: B. antarcticum (L. I. Savicz & Smirnova P. Sollman, stat. nov. Three species are now known in the Antarctic region: B. antarcticum, B. recurvirostrum and B. rubrum (Jur. ex Geh. P. C. Chen. Bryoerythrophyllum rubrum is reported for the first time from the Antarctic. It is a bipolar species. A key to the taxa is given. These species are described and briefly discussed, with notes on illustrations, reproduction, habitat, world range, distribution and elevation in Antarctica.

  4. Trend der GVO-Verunreinigungen in Lebens- und Futtermitteln. Analyse und Vergleich der GVO-Verunreinigungen in biologischen und konventionellen Produkten in den Jahren 2000-2005

    OpenAIRE

    Wüthrich, Katharina; Nowack, Karin; Oehen, Bernadette

    2006-01-01

    Weltweit hat der Anbau von gentechnisch veränderten (gv) Pflanzen seit der ersten Aussaat im Jahr 1996 auf heute 90 Mio. ha zugenommen. 2005 ernteten spanische Landwirte auf gut 60.000 Hektaren gv-Mais und verwerteten ihn als Futtermittel. Die Anbauflächen in Frankreich, Portugal, Tschechien und Deutschland lagen deutlich tiefer (zwischen 350 und 750 ha). Total wuchsen auf etwa 0,5 % der Maisanbauflächen in der EU gv-Pflanzen. 2006 werden die Flächen, auf denen gv-Mais angebaut wird, vermutli...

  5. X-Ray Topographic Measurements of Strain Fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    Measurements of Strain Fields 6. PERFORMING ORG. REPORT NUMDER 17. AUTHOR(.) S. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMSER(a) S.R. Stock, Haydn Chen and H.K. Birnbaum USN...STRAIN FIELDS S.R. Stock, Haydn Chen and H.K. Birnbaum University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Metallurgy and Mining Eng. Urbana, IL...any purpose of the U.S. government is permitted. 88 09 07 18. - " mIII X-RAY TOPOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENT OF STRAIN FIELDS S.R. Stock*, Haydn Chen and H.K

  6. Cultural model of self-stigma among Chinese with substance use problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mak, Winnie W S; Ho, Connie Y Y; Wong, Venus U T; Law, Rita W; Chan, Randolph C H

    2015-10-01

    Substance use is regarded as one of the most stigmatizing conditions worldwide. To achieve recovery, individuals with substance use problems must learn to cope with stigma. Despite the potential importance of cultural factors in the internalization process of stigma, few studies have incorporated culturally salient factors in understanding self-stigma. We responded to this gap in the literature by investigating a mechanism of self-stigma that focused on a cultural value salient to the Chinese-face concern. Specifically, we hypothesized that two types of face concern (mianzi concern and lian concern) would affect self-stigma and mental health through self-conscious moral emotions and rumination. A total of 199 Hong Kong Chinese adults with substance use problems completed standardized questionnaires. Test of the proposed model using structural equation modeling showed excellent fit to the data. The findings support the role of face concern in affecting self-stigma and mental health among Chinese with substance use problems. In particular, the findings showed significant indirect effects of lian concern on rumination, self-stigma, and mental health via moral emotions. The present study provides preliminary empirical support for the importance of cultural factors in the internalization process of stigma and the maintenance of mental health among individuals with substance use problems. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons via fish consumption in Haimen bay (China), downstream of an e-waste recycling site (Guiyu).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Jingchun; Zheng, Gene Jin-Shu; Wong, Ming-Hung; Liang, Hong; Li, Yuelin; Wu, Yinglin; Li, Ping; Liu, Wenhua

    2016-05-01

    Guiyu, China has been one of the largest e-waste recycling sites of the world for more than 20 years. Abundant data show that local dwellers there suffered from severe health risks from e-waste contaminants. In this study, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were used as candidates to test the contamination levels and their possible adverse effects on residents in Haimen Bay, the estuary of Lian River (less than 30km from Guiyu), which has been totally neglected. The concentrations of 16PAHs were determined in collected marine fish with a median ΣPAH concentration of 1478ng/g (wet weight), and the contamination may be mainly influenced by Lian River runoff, specifically from Guiyu. The lifetime excess cancer risk for local dwellers was much higher than the serious risk level (10(-4)). More seriously, outflows of PAHs from the e-waste recycling site (Guiyu) seemed to exert health risks of a much larger scale of population downstream. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Bird diversity and the conservation value of a new Ramsar site: Guangdong Haifeng Wetlands, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Junhua; Jiang, Zhigang; Zhang, Chunlan; Xiao, Feng; Hu, Huijian

    2011-09-01

    Wetlands are critical habitats for birds. However, wetlands are being degraded at an accelerating rate due to global human activity, and a disproportionate fraction of wetland-dependent bird species are in decline. We evaluated the conservation value of a new Ramsar site, Guangdong Haifeng Wetlands, China, for birds, by comparing bird communities (using line transect data) in 3 different districts: Gongping, Dongguan Lian'anwei and Dahu. We recorded 139 species of birds, including 26 species that are protected at a national level. Dahu had the highest species richness and diversity, whereas Dongguan Lian'anwei had the highest abundance of birds and the lowest species diversity. Finally, Gongping had both the lowest species richness and the lowest abundance. The endemism of constituent species differed among districts, and the bird communities were complementary. There were significant seasonal differences in the species richness and the number of individuals. Spring had the highest species richness and diversity. The present study identifies the high conservation value of Haifeng Wetlands for both waterbirds and terrestrial birds. Our findings suggest that conservation efforts in Haifeng Wetlands and other wetlands should focus not only on wintering migratory birds, but also on resident birds. To accomplish effective conservation, we should consider the reserve and surrounding wetlands as a whole, incorporating ecological research, education and local economic development. © 2011 ISZS, Blackwell Publishing and IOZ/CAS.

  9. Genetics Home Reference: 1q21.1 microdeletion

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... from the genetic change that causes thrombocytopenia-absent radius syndrome (TAR syndrome). TAR syndrome results from the ... C, Stevenson RE, Antonarakis SE, Chen C, Estivill X, Menten B, Gimelli G, Gribble S, Schwartz S, Sutcliffe JS, ...

  10. Studies on the preparation and the photoelectrochemical properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , Tianjin University of Commerce. Training Programs of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for. Undergraduates (2014090) and National Science Foundation of China (11272231). References. 1. Chen J K, Fu W Y, Yuan G Y, Runa A, Bala Hari, ...

  11. Effects of photoperiod on energy metabolism and thermogenesis in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2010-12-27

    1999). Effects of temperature and photoperiod on thermogenesis in plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae) and root voles (Microtus oeconomus). J. Comp. Physiol. 169: 77-83. Wang DH, Sun RY, Wang ZW, Liu JS, Chen Z (1996).

  12. Influence of Sudden Change of Solar Mass in the PN Stage on the ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Author Affiliations. Yunfeng Zhu1 Caijuan Pan1 Dasheng Pan1 Hongqiang Huang1 Zhi-Fu Chen1. Department of Physics and Telecommunication Engineering of Baise University, Baise 533000, China.

  13. At R209

    CERN Document Server

    1977-01-01

    Large concrete wall, shielding the ouside muon chambers from background particles coming from the ISR tunnel. One sees at work Lars Leistam, a crane driver, Harvey Newman, Min Chen, Ingrid ?, ??. Gunter Feilhauer is on top of the magnet.

  14. LDRD 2013 Annual Report: Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program Activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bookless, W. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)

    2013-12-31

    This LDRD project establishes a research program led by Jingguang Chen, who has started a new position as a Joint Appointee between BNL and Columbia University as of FY2013. Under this project, Dr. Chen will establish a new program in catalysis science at BNL and Columbia University. The LDRD program will provide initial research funding to start research at both BNL and Columbia. At BNL, Dr. Chen will initiate laboratory research, including hiring research staff, and will collaborate with the existing BNL catalysis and electrocatalysis research groups. At Columbia, a subcontract to Dr. Chen will provide startup funding for his laboratory research, including initial graduate student costs. The research efforts will be linked under a common Catalysis Program in Sustainable Fuels. The overall impact of this project will be to strengthen the BNL catalysis science program through new linked research thrusts and the addition of an internationally distinguished catalysis scientist.

  15. Optimization of medium composition for cis- epoxysuccinate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2010-03-01

    guanidine) capsules using a controlled encapsulation process. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 36: 118-126. Chen Y, Xing XH, Ye FC, Kuang Y, Luo MF (2007). Production of MBP-. HepA fusion protein in recombinant Escherichia coli ...

  16. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... menu Topics The Basics of Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, ... Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW Rehabilitation Psychological Realities after Spinal Cord Injury Toby Huston, ...

  17. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... menu Topics The Basics of Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, ... Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW Rehabilitation Psychological Realities after Spinal Cord Injury Toby Huston, ...

  18. A facile synthesis of ZnS nanocrystallites by pyrolysis of single ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    . Zinc sulphide has been exten- sively studied because of its important physical and chemical properties and applications in thin film elec- troluminescent devices (Chen and Lockwood 2002), flat- panel displays, infrared windows and lasers ...

  19. Effects of Intra- and Interpatch Host Density on Egg Parasitism by Three Species of Trichogramma

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Matthew J. Grieshop; Paul W. Flinn; James R. Nechols

    2010-01-01

    ...) Trichogramma deion Pinto and Oatman, T. ostriniae Pang and Chen, and T. pretiosum Riley — as potential biological control agents for the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Single...

  20. Survival and migration ecology of emperor geese along the Alaska Peninsula, progress report, March 1990

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Survival and migratory patterns of emperor geese (Chen canagica) were investigated during 1988-89 by marking flightless geese with neck collars and reobserving them...

  1. 76 FR 79225 - 2002 Reopened-Previously Denied Determinations; Notice of Negative Determinations on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ..., Johnson City, NY. I hereby certify that the aforementioned negative determinations on reconsideration were... Trade Adjustment Assistance toll-free at (888) 365-6822. Dated: December 13, 2011. Del Min Amy Chen...

  2. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    236 Article. Silencing of HMGA2 promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells · Zhan Shi Ding Wu Run Tang Xiang Li Renfu Chen Song Xue Chengjing Zhang Xiaoqing Sun · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  3. X-ray Time Lags in TeV Blazars

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. X. Chen1 G. Fossati1 E. Liang1 M. Böttcher2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005, USA. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Astrophysical Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA.

  4. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Living with SCI Personal Experiences by Topic Resources Peer ... Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from Hospital to ...

  5. Spinal Cord Injury 101

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Living with SCI Personal Experiences by Topic Resources Peer ... Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from Hospital to ...

  6. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Living with SCI Personal Experiences by Topic Resources Peer ... Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from Hospital to ...

  7. Novel alleles of 31-bp VNTR polymorphism in the human ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Yik-Yuen Gan1 Chuan-Fei Chen1. Natural Sciences and Science Education, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, 1 Nanyang Walk, Singapore 637616, Republic of Singapore ...

  8. Identification of bacterial strains in viili by molecular taxonomy and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Identification of bacterial strains in viili by molecular taxonomy and their synergistic effects on milk curd and exopolysaccharides production. T Chen, Q Tan, M Wang, S Xiong, S Jiang, Q Wu, S Li, C Luo, H Wei ...

  9. Frequency-domain criterion for the chaos synchronization of time ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    domain criterion for ... Wu1 2 Yun Chen1. College of Electronic Engineering, Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033, People's Republic of China; Guangzhou Naval Marine Academy, Guangzhou 510430, People's Republic of China ...

  10. Gas exchange and morpho-physiological response of soybean to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gas exchange and morpho-physiological response of soybean to straw mulching under drought conditions. Lan-lan Xue, Long-chang Wang, Shakeel Ahmad Anjum, Muhammad Farrukh Saleem, Ming-chen Bao, Asif Saeed, Muhammad Faisal Bilal ...

  11. 75 FR 28853 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... CHEN MICHAEL JEN-KWEI CHENG KENNY CHEONG JUNE CHENG CHIN WILLIAM KUO FENG CHOA JAMES MICHAEL CHU-YIP... WALTER CORINE CHRISTINE WANG SHUI MING WATERS MICHAEL WATERS SUSAN WEBB CANDACE CYNTHIA WEBER KLAUS...

  12. Asymptotic behavior of stochastic two-dimensional Navier–Stokes ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    dimensional stochastic Navier–Stokes equations in the presence of delays. The results extend some of the existing results. Author Affiliations. Huabin Chen1. Department of Mathematics, School of Science, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, ...

  13. Spinal Cord Injury 101

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Counseling Blog About Media Donate Spinal Cord Injury Medical Expert Videos Topics menu Topics Spinal Cord Injury ... Jennifer Piatt, PhD David Chen, MD Read Bio Medical Director, Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program, Rehabilitation Institute ...

  14. Comparative mapping reveals similar linkage of functional genes to ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    related traits between Brassica napus and Oryza sativa. Fupeng Li, Chaozhi Ma, Qingfang Chen, Touming Liu, Jinxiong Shen, Jinxing Tu, Yongzhong Xing and Tingdong Fu. J. Genet. 91, 163–170. Length of. Position of. Position of. Expect.

  15. On an improved method for solving evolution equations of higher ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Keywords: Nonlinear partial differential equations, evolution equations, special function ... Explicit solutions are of basic interest especially those with physical ... The Jacobian elliptic function method described in (Cao, 2001) and (Chen and ...

  16. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology - Vol 5 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Empirical research on constructing Taiwan's ecoenvironmental stress indicators system · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. HS Chen, T Hsieh, 337-347 ...

  17. The 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase gene from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase gene from Taxus media: Cloning, characterization and functional identification. Y Sun, M Chen, J Tang, W Liu, C Yang, Y Yang, X Lan, M Hsieh, Z Liao ...

  18. Moskva kunstibiennaal reaktsiooni teenistuses? / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Moskva II rahvusvahelisest nüüdiskunsti biennaalist. Näitustest "Sotsart. Poliitiline kunst Venemaal" (kuraator Andrei Jerofejev), "Sotsart. Poliitiline kunst Hiinas" (kuraator Xin Don Chen), "Mõtlev realism" (kuraator Jekaterina Djegot) ja "Mina usun" (kuraator Oleg Kulik)

  19. McArdle syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... storage disease type V (GSDV); Myophosphorylase deficiency; Muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency; PYGM deficiency References Kishnani PS, Chen, YT. Defects in metabolism of carbohydrates. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St ...

  20. A new species of the subgenus Scymnus from Pakistan (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, Azad; Chen, Xiaosheng; Qiu, Baoli; Wang, Xingmin

    2017-01-01

    A new species, Scymnus (Scymnus) contortubus Rashid, Chen & Wang, sp. n. , is described and illustrated from Pakistan. A diagnosis, remarks, illustrations, and a distribution map are provided of the new species and its most similar congener, S. (S..) nubilus Mulsant.

  1. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from ... Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa ...

  2. Preventing Pressure Sores

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from ... Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa ...

  3. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from ... Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa ...

  4. Entangled Web: The Wikileaks and US-China Rivalries over Taiwan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Christopher Y Huang; Joseph Tse-Hei Lee

    2013-01-01

      This article draws on the Wikileaks' American diplomatic cables from Beijing and Taipei to examine the joint efforts by China and the United States to prevent Taiwan, particularly under Chen Shui...

  5. Synthesis of amidoalkyl naphthol via Ritter-type reaction catalysed ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Fang Dong1 Jiang Chenning1 Zhu Ting1 Yang Jinming1. Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yancheng Teachers University, 50 Kai Fang Da Dao, Yancheng 224002, Jiangsu, P. R. China ...

  6. Disease: H01326 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available cription) ... AUTHORS ... Chen KT, Chang HL, Wang ST, Cheng YT, Yang JY ... TITLE ... Epidemiologic features of ha...nd-foot-mouth disease and herpangina caused by enterovirus 71 in Taiwan, 1998-200

  7. Heart block

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007658.htm Heart block To use the sharing features on this page, ... Date 4/16/2017 Updated by: Michael A. Chen, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of ...

  8. Quaestiones Mathematicae - Vol 34, No 4 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dirac type condition and Hamiltonian-connected graphs · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Deqin Chen, Zu Li, Kewen Zhao. http://dx.doi.org/10.2989/16073606.2011.640768 ...

  9. On bounds in Poisson approximation for distributions of independent negative-binomial distributed random variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Tran Loc; Giang, Le Truong

    2016-01-01

    Using the Stein-Chen method some upper bounds in Poisson approximation for distributions of row-wise triangular arrays of independent negative-binomial distributed random variables are established in this note.

  10. Genetics Home Reference: mucopolysaccharidosis type VI

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Brustolin S, Burin MG, Beheregaray AP, Leistner S, Giugliani C, Rosa M, Barrios P, Marinho D, Esteves P, Valadares ... 897-903. Citation on PubMed Lin HY, Lin SP, Chuang CK, Niu DM, Chen MR, Tsai FJ, ...

  11. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Peer Counseling Blog About Media Donate Spinal Cord Injury Medical Expert Videos Topics menu Topics Sex and Fertility After Spinal Cord Injury Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, ...

  12. Preventing Pressure Sores

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Peer Counseling Blog About Media Donate Spinal Cord Injury Medical Expert Videos Topics menu Topics Preventing Pressure Sores Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing ...

  13. TMX magnet system, present and future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wong, R.L.; Pedrotti, L.R.; Leavitt, G.A.; Waugh, A.F.; Chargin, A.K.; Calderon, M.O.

    1979-11-30

    The magnetic field design and the mechanical design of the TMX magnet system were previously reported by Chen and Hinkle. This paper is a summary of the work that has been accomplished in the two years since then.

  14. Optimal Explicit Binomial Confidence Interval with Guaranteed Coverage Probability

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Xinjia

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we develop an approach for optimizing the explicit binomial confidence interval recently derived by Chen et al. The optimization reduces conservativeness while guaranteeing prescribed coverage probability.

  15. Mercury-Resistant Marine Bacteria and their Role in Bioremediation of Certain Toxicants

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    De, J.

    . Accidental exposure of pregnant women can result in premature birth, low birth weight, neurological deficits or even abortion. Several studies (Chen et al., 1995; Chang et al., 1997; Roane, 1999; Slaveykova & Wilkinson, 2002) have been carried out...

  16. miR-32 functions as a tumor suppressor and directly targets SOX9 in human non–small cell lung cancer [Retraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu D

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of OncoTargets and Therapy have been alerted to unacceptable levels of duplication with another published paper: Zhu D, Chen H, Yang X, Chen W, Wang L, Xu J and Yu L. Decreased microRNA-224 and its clinical significance in non-small cell lung cancer patients. Diagnostic Pathology. 9;198:2014.Accordingly, we retract Zhu D, Chen H, Yang X, Chen W, Wang L, Xu J, Yu L. miR-32 functions as a tumor suppressor and directly targets SOX9 in human non–small cell lung cancer. OncoTargets and Therapy. 2015;8:1773–1783. This Retraction relates to 

  17. Incorporacion de virtual teams internacionales como componente complementario al modelo educativo tradicional

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fernando Arbelaez, Carlos; Andres Montoya, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    ... (Hsieh, Jang, Hwang, & Chen, 2011). Por su parte, el entorno de hoy exige a las instituciones educativas dedicadas a la formacion profesional en pregrado y posgrado, una rapida evolucion de sus modelos de ensenanza a fin de ajustarlos...

  18. Monitoring Emperor Goose Populations by Aerial Counts and the Fall Age Ratio - Fall 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — In 2003, we photographed flocks of emperor geese (Chen canagica) during fall migration at lagoons along the north side of the Alaska Peninsula for the 19th...

  19. Monitoring emperor goose populations by aerial counts and fall age ratio - 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — In 2002, we photographed flocks of emperor geese (Chen canagica) during fall migration at lagoons along the north side of the Alaska Peninsula for the 18th...

  20. Skin self-exam

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Names Skin cancer - self-exam; Melanoma - self-exam; Basal cell cancer - self-exam; Squamous cell - self-exam; ... 2015 Updated by: Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. ...

  1. In silico profiling of miRNAs and their target polymorphisms in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    C. George Priya Doss

    2013-02-20

    472–80. [15] Hackanson B, Bennett KL, Brena RM, Jiang J, Claus R, Chen SS, et al. Epigenetic modification of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha expression in acute myeloid leukemia. Cancer Res. 2008;68:3142–51.

  2. Structural characterization of inclusion complex of arbutin and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cyclodextrin. Yun Li, Fang Li, Hongyan Cai, Xuan Chen, Wei Sun, Wangyang Shen. Abstract. Purpose: To improve the solubility and stability of arbutin and to expand its application by preparing its inclusion complex with hydroxypropyl-β- ...

  3. Adaptive Projective Synchronization between Two Different Fractional-Order Chaotic Systems with Fully Unknown Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liping Chen

    2012-01-01

    between the fractional-order chaotic Chen system and the fractional-order chaotic Lü system with unknown parameters is achieved. Theoretical analysis and numerical simulations are presented to demonstrate the validity and feasibility of the proposed method.

  4. Pramana – journal of physics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Magnetoresistance in quantum Hall metals due to Pancharatnam wavefunction transformation and degenerate Landau levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Andrew Das Arulsamy. 161. Statistical analysis of the airport network of Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............................ Yasir Tariq Mohmand, Aihu Wang and Haibin Chen.

  5. Dual Component Removable Partial Denture shows improved ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-02-18

    unilateral bounded partially ... Digital X-ray, Shimadzu Corporation, Japan). Other parameters that were being monitored include .... tures were the main prosthetic therapy for elderly patients. (Chen et al., 2004). Conventional RPD is ...

  6. Some limit theorems for negatively associated random variables

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Yu Miao1 Wenfei Xu1 Shanshan Chen1 Andre Adler2. College of Mathematics and Information Science, Henan Normal University, Henan Province, 453007, China; Department of Applied Mathematics IIT, Chicago 60657, USA ...

  7. Genetic diversity and historical demography of Chinese shrimp ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genetic diversity and historical demography of Chinese shrimp Feneropenaeus chinensis in Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea based on mitochondrial DNA analysis. YL Li, XY Kong, ZN Yu, J Kong, S Ma, LM Chen ...

  8. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia - Vol 31, No 3 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A novel samarium complex with interesting photoluminescence and semiconductive properties · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. D. W. Zhang, W. T. Chen, Y. F.Wang, 435-444 ...

  9. Phenotype-gene: 396 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ciency in organ named stomatal complex during process named stomatal movement for AT5G13680 Chen Zhizhong et...943431i increased efficiency in organ named stomatal complex during process named stomatal move

  10. Friction-reducing micro/nanoprotrusions on electrodeposited Ni–Co ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    reducing micro/nanoprotrusions on electrodeposited Ni–Co alloy coating surface fabricated by laser direct writing. Haifeng Yang Tianchi Chen Jiguo Qian Jing Han Haidong He Longpeng Zhou Enlan Zhao Wei Tang Hua Zhu. Volume 38 Issue 1 ...

  11. Biology and subsistence hunting of geese at Chagvan Bay

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Chagvan Bay and Nanvak Bay are known to be important staging and/or stopover areas for large numbers of Pacific Brant (Branta bernicola) and Emperor Geese (Chen...

  12. Isolation and characterization of a new Pseudomonas- related strain ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    2014-04-02

    . 64(11):4396-4402. Wei GH, Yu JF, Zhu YH, Chen WM, Wang L (2008). Characterization of phenol degradation by Rhizobium sp CCNWTB 701 isolated from. Astragalus chrysopteru in mining tailing region. J. Hazard. Mater.

  13. Clipboard: Selecting cells to make cerebral cortex

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2008-02-27

    Feb 27, 2008 ... Author Affiliations. Yijing Chen1 David J Price1. Centres for Integrative Physiology and Neuroscience Research, University of Edinburgh, Hugh Robson Building, George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9XD, UK ...

  14. BOREAS Follow-On DSP-10 Regridded NDVI Maps for 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These images were produced by averaging the 1-km FASIR-NDVI maps by Jing Chen to a 10' (horizontal) by 5' (vertical) pixel size in a straight latitude/longitude...

  15. BOREAS Follow-On DSP-10 Regridded NDVI Maps for 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: These images were produced by averaging the 1-km FASIR-NDVI maps by Jing Chen to a 10' (horizontal) by 5' (vertical) pixel size in a straight...

  16. Preventing Pressure Sores

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Injury Medical Expert Videos Topics menu Topics Preventing Pressure Sores Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from Hospital to ...

  17. Dose-Dependent Thresholds of 10-ns Electric Pulse Induced Plasma Membrane Disruption and Cytotoxicity in Multiple Cell Lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    pulsed e1cc tr ic fidd as a 10caJ rhnap)’ for human ma lignanc ies. IntJ Ca ncer L2 1: 675--682. 22. Nuecitelli R, Chen X , l’akhomov AG, Baldwin WH...reeun·e;: nce . IntJ Cancer 125: 438-445. 23. NueeiteUi R, Pliquell U, Chen X, Ford W, j amcs Swanson R, et al. (200G) Nanosecond pulsed electrit

  18. FANS Simulation of Propeller Wash at Navy Harbors (ESTEP Project ER-201031)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    with two ducted propellers. This model enables us to evaluate the effect of water depth , ship speed, propeller rotating speed, and pier wall...boat, 7 fenders and 12 mooring lines. In these simulations, a very shallow water depth of 28 ft was intentionally chosen to confine the underkeel...2011), hurricane wave loads on offshore platform and jack-up structure (Chen, 2010, 2013), vortex-induced vibration of deep water risers (Huang, Chen

  19. Prediction of Physicochemical Properties of Energetic Materials for Identification of Treatment Technologies for Waste Streams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    bonds in the structure of the energetic ma- terial may also provide valuable information. Chen et al. (2007a) examined recovery of nitrotoluenes from...an aqueous stream using toluene as the solvent. They examined numerous process variables including temperature, solvent/wastewater ratio, wastewater...Lai. 2007a. Recovery of nitrotoluenes in wastewater by solvent extraction. J. Hazardous Materials. 145:23. Chen, W. S., W. C. Chiang, and K. M. Wei

  20. An Algebraic Approach to Inference in Complex Networked Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-09

    10.1109/GlobalSIP.2013.6736923 [7] Siheng Chen; Sandryhaila, A.; Lederman , G.; Zihao Wang; Moura, J.M.F.; Rizzo, P.; Bielak, J.; Garrett, J.H.; Kovačevic...2013.6736923 Siheng Chen; Sandryhaila, A.; Lederman , G.; Zihao Wang; Moura, J.M.F.; Rizzo, P.; Bielak, J.; Garrett, J.H.; Kovac ̌evic, J., "Signal inpainting

  1. Efficient one-pot four-component synthesis of fused thiazolopyridin-2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P T, Haigh D, Hindley R M, Lister C A, Smith S A and. Thurlby P L 1994 J. Med. Chem. 37 3977; (b) Reaven. G M 1988 Diabetes 37 1595. 2. (a) Chen C, Xu S, Wang W X, Ding Y M, Yu K H,. Wang B and Chen X Y 2009 Arch. Med. Res. 40 79; (b). Cruz P D L, Diez-Barra E, Loupy A and Langa F 1996. Tetrahedron Lett.

  2. Microwave hydrothermal synthesis and upconversion luminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1

    Marques A P A, Motta F V, Cruz M A, Varela J A, Longo E and Rosa I L V. 2011 Solid State Ionics 202 54. [25]. Frost R L, Cejka J and Dickfos M J 2008 J. Raman Spectrosc. 39 779. [26]. Bu W B, Chen Z X, Chen F and Shi J L 2009 J. Phys. Chem. C 113 12176. [27]. Neera S j, Kijima N and Cheetham A K 2004 Chem. Phys.

  3. Microwave hydrothermal synthesis and upconversion luminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-10-31

    Oct 31, 2017 ... [24] Marques A P A, Motta F V, Cruz M A, Varela J A, Longo E and Rosa I L V 2011 Solid State Ionics 202 54. [25] Frost R L, Cejka J and Dickfos M J 2008 J. Raman Spectrosc. 39 779. [26] Bu W B, Chen Z X, Chen F and Shi J L 2009 J. Phys. Chem. C 113 12176. [27] Neera S J, Kijima N and Cheetham A K ...

  4. Intracellular trafficking of new anticancer therapeutics: antibody–drug conjugates

    OpenAIRE

    Kalim M; Chen J.; Wang S.; Lin C.; Ullah S; Liang K; Ding Q; Chen S; Zhan JB

    2017-01-01

    Muhammad Kalim,1 Jie Chen,1 Shenghao Wang,1 Caiyao Lin,1 Saif Ullah,1 Keying Liang,1 Qian Ding,1 Shuqing Chen,2 Jinbiao Zhan1 1Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, School of Medicine, 2Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Antibody–drug conjugate (ADC) is a milestone in targeted cancer therapy that comprises of monoclonal antibodies chemically linked to cytotoxic d...

  5. Disease: H01175 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ding superficial skin infections, bacteremia, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and breast abscess. Endocarditis ...Chen YY, Hsieh KS, Ger LP, Chen YS, Liu YC Staphylococcus lugdunensis infective endocarditis...MID:20434383 (description, env_factor) Chopra A, Gulati D, Woldenberg N, Singh M Intracardiac lead endocarditis...nosis of Staphylococcus lugdunensis native valve infective endocarditis: case report and literature review. Int J Infect Dis 13:e511-3 (2009) ...

  6. Globalization’s Impact on the Chinese War Machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-19

    until the rise of the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) propelled into the Taiwan presidency Chen Shui -bian, who denounced...Syria, Pakistan, and Iran. Taiwan’s Current State President Chen Shui -bian’s hard-line position to formalize Taiwan’s independence spelled doom for...Satellite (ASAT) Test (January 11, 2007): China conducted its first successful ASAT test by destroying an old Chinese weather satellite ( Feng -Yun-1C

  7. Three-dimensional Stochastic Estimation of Porosity Distribution: Benefits of Using Ground-penetrating Radar Velocity Tomograms in Simulated-annealing-based or Bayesian Sequential Simulation Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-30

    Hyndman et al., 2000; Chen et al., 2001; Kowalsky et al., 2005; Linde et al., 2006; Paasche et al., 2006; Harp et al., 2008; Dafflon et al., 2010...Chen et al., 2001; Linde et al., 2007], and especially in the context of Bayesian sequential simulations [Gastaldi et al., 1998; Scheibe and Chien...difference tomography for time-lapse imaging of electrically anomalous tracer or contaminant plumes ,Geophysics, 72(2), G21–G29. Kelkar, M., and G. Perez

  8. Study of the Surface Morphology of Thermally Annealed Copper Foils and Various Transfer Methods for Graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    graphene-based electronic devices such as touchscreen technology, LCD displays, solar cells would open new possibilities in the world of technology...Brus, L. E. Nano Lett. 2010, 10, 4944. [49] Stuart, B. H. Polymer Analysis, Wiley, 2002, 4. [50] Ishigami, M.; Chen, J. H.; Cullen, W. G.; Fuhrer , M...Novoselov, K. S. Nat. Mater. 2007, 6, 652. [52] Chen, J. H.; Jang, C.; Adam, S.; Fuhrer , M. S.; Williams, E. D.; Ishigami, M. Nature Physics 2008

  9. JPRS Report, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-08

    of Keating scandal. Robert Bennett, special counsel to the the General Administration of Civil Aviation of China Senate Ethics Committee, spent over a...of the Central Committee Another group of people engaged in the conduct of rural Propaganda Department to Zhu Houze [2612 0624 surveys was headed by...Chen Yizi [7115 0001 0745] and 3419] in the course of the struggle. Zhu Houze had been Wang Xiaoqiang [3769 1420 1730]. Chen Yizi formerly just a

  10. Synthesis, crystal structure determination of two-dimensional ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Pan P, Woodlock E B, Wang X, Clam K and Rheingold. A L 2001 J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1762. 9. Bu X-H, Chen W, Du M, Biradha K, Wang W-Z and. Zhang R-H 2002 Inorg. Chem. 41 437. 10. Black J R, Champness N R, Levason W and Reid G 1995. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1277. 11. Bu X-H, Chen W, Hou ...

  11. Fueling America’s Transportation Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-28

    Ming Xu, Xuezhi Zhang, Qiang Hu, Milton Sommerfeld, Yongsheng Chen. “Life-cycle analysis on biodiesel production from microalgae : Water footprint and...Milton Sommerfeld, Yongsheng Chen. “Life- cycle analysis on biodiesel production from microalgae : Water footprint and nutrients balance.” Bioresearch...President Obama issued an executive order directing the DoE and General Services Administration (GSA) to use biodiesel blends in diesel vehicles

  12. Variable Rail Voltage Control of a Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Variable Rail Voltage Control of a Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor by Yuan Chen, Joseph Conroy, and William Nothwang ARL-TR-6308 January 2013...TR-6308 January 2013 Variable Rail Voltage Control of a Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor Yuan Chen, Joseph Conroy, and William Nothwang Sensors...DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Variable Rail Voltage Control of a Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT

  13. Adherence to antidepressant medications: an evaluation of community pharmacists’ counseling practices [Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chong WW

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Chong WW, Aslani P, Chen TF. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2013;7:813–825.On page 815, Figure 1 should have the following note listed beneath it: "Note: Reprinted from Res Social Adm Pharm, Chong WW, Aslani P, Chen TF, Pharmacist–patient communication on use of antidepressants: A simulated patient study in community pharmacy, Epub, Copyright © 2013, with permission from Elsevier.27"Read the original article

  14. Reverse Osmosis Processing of Organic Model Compounds and Fermentation Broths

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    followed by RO treatment step for water recycling in electronic industry (Chen and Chen, 2004), meat processing industry (Bohdziewicz and Sroka, 2005...Membr. Sci. 255, 117–124. Todtheide, V., Laufenberg, G., Kunz, B., 1997. Waste water treatment using reverse osmosis: real osmotic pressure and chemical...A., Inanc, B., 2002. Fouling of reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes by dairy industry effluents. Water Sci. Technol. 45 (12), 355–360

  15. Disease: H00414 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nfection is only found in a subgroup of individuals simultaneously infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV)...on, drug) Hsieh TH, Liu CJ, Chen DS, Chen PJ Natural course and treatment of hepatitis D virus infection. J Formos Med Assoc 105:869-81 (2006) ... ..., because HDV is a defective RNA agent needing the presence of HBV to produce its own coat. HDV may worsen an existing chronic hepati...tis B. Infectious disease Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) [V

  16. (DEPSCOR FY 09) Obfuscation and Deobfuscation of Intent of Computer Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    Simpósio Brasileiro em Segurança da Informaçao e de Sistemas Computacionais (2009). (Chen et al., 2012) Jundong Chen, Matthias R. Brust, Vir V. Phoha...Executive Services and Communications Directorate (0704-0188). Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person ...shall be subject to any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number

  17. First total synthesis of Boehmenan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Koubaa I and Damak M 2003 Fitoterapia 74 18. 8. Yang X W, Zhao P J, Ma Y L, Xiao H T, Zuo Y Q, He. H P, Li L and Hao X J 2007 J. Nat. Prod. 70 521. 9. Chen J J, Yang C S, Peng C F, Chen I S and Miaw C L. 2008 J. Nat. Prod. 71 1016. 10. Cutillo F, D'Abrosca B, DellaGreca M, Fiorentino A and Zarrelli A 2003 J. Agric.

  18. Analytical Solution for Flexural Response of Epoxy Resin Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    model developed by Hasan and Boyce (1995) to simulate the experimental results on the uniaxial compressive stress strain behavior of epon E 828 /T-403...Chen et al. (1998) modeled the uniaxial compressive response of epon E 828 /T-403 using Johnson-Cook model (Johnson 1983). They simulated the...of constitutive behavior for Epon 828 /T-403 at high strain rates” Mech Time-Depend Mater., 5, 119-130. 32 Chen, W., and Zhou, B., (1998

  19. Surface functionalization of HF-treated silicon nanowires

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Nath M and Parkinson B A 2006 Adv. Mater. 18 1865. 21. Chen C L, Chen D R, Jiao X L and Wang C Q 2006. Chem. Commun. 4632. 22. Shao M W, Shan Y Y, Wong N B and Lee S T 2005. Adv. Funct. Mater. 15 1478. 23. Park I, Li Z Y, Pisano A P and Willianms R S 2007. Nano Lett. 10 3106. 24. Shir D, Liu B Z, Mohammad ...

  20. Ühinemise ja iseolemise vastuseis. Ideaalid ja reaalsus / Rein Tootmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tootmaa, Rein

    2001-01-01

    Mängufilmid "Keiser ja palgamõrtsukas" ("Jing ke ci qin wang") : režissöör Chen Kaige : Jaapan-Hiina-Prantsusmaa 1999 ja "Tiiger ja draakon" ("Wo hu chang long") : režissöör Ang Lee : Hiina-Hongkong-Ameerika Ühendriigid 2000. Lisa : Aare Ermeli koostatud Chen Kaige ja Ang Lee loomingu lühikokkuvõtted. Kokkuvõte inglise keeles lk. 128

  1. Mental health and burnout in primary and secondary school teachers in the remote mountain areas of Guangdong Province in the People's Republic of China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang L.; Zhao J.; Xiao H.; Zheng H.; Xiao Y.; Chen M; Chen D

    2014-01-01

    Lulu Zhang,1 Jingping Zhao,1 Huaqing Xiao,3 Hongbo Zheng,2 Yaonan Xiao,3 Miaoyang Chen,3 Dingling Chen31Mental Health Institute of the Second Xiangya Hospital, Key Laboratory of Psychiatry and Mental Health of Hunan Province, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, 2Department of Psychiatry, Guangzhou Brain Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 3Department of Psychiatry, Luoding Dagang Hospital, Luoding, Guangdong, People's Republic of...

  2. Design and Construction of a Low-Temperature Scanning Tunneling Microscope for Spectroscopic Applications on Model Catalysts

    OpenAIRE

    Ulrich, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    Im Mittelpunkt dieser Arbeit steht die Funktionalisierung der Oberflächen dünner Oxid-Filme, synthetisiert auf leitenden, kristallinen Trägern, sowohl intrinsisch als Konsequenz des Filmwachstums als auch extrinsisch durch kontrolliertes Einbringen von Adsorptionszentren. Die Oberflächen werden mittels Rastertunnelmikroskopie, Rastertunnelspektroskopie und Leitfähigkeits-Konturbildern untersucht. Zusätzlich werden Resultate von Modellrechnungen basierend auf der Dichte-Funktional Theorie präs...

  3. Development of a Conservative Model Validation Approach for Reliable Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    validation approach and extended it to solve a multivariate output problem [6]. Arendt et al. applied the Bayesian approach for both single and...32), pp. 2431-2441. [7] Arendt , P., Apley, D., and Chen, W., 2012, "Quantification of Model Uncertainty: Calibration, Model Discrepancy, and...Identifiability," Journal of Mechanical Design, 134(10). [8] Arendt , P., Apley, D., Chen, W., Lamb, D., and Gorsich, D., 2012, "Improving Identifiability

  4. Proteomic analysis of cell lines to identify the irinotecan resistance ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    MADHU

    [Peng X-C, Gong F-M, Wei M, Chen X, Chen Y, Cheng K, Gao F, Xu F, Bi F and Liu J-Y 2010 Proteomic analysis of cell lines to identify the irinotecan resistance proteins; J. Biosci. 35 557–564] DOI 10.1007/s12038-010-0064-9. Keywords. Colon cancer; 2-DE; drug resistance; irinotecan; proteomics. Abbreviations used: ACN ...

  5. Aerial Logistics Management for Carrier Onboard Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS AERIAL LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT FOR CARRIER ONBOARD DELIVERY by Samuel L. Chen September 2016...AND SUBTITLE AERIAL LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT FOR CARRIER ONBOARD DELIVERY 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Samuel L. Chen 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S...delivery (COD) is the use of aircraft to transport people and cargo from a forward logistics site (FLS) to a carrier strike group (CSG). The goal of

  6. The Role of Constitutively Active Prolactin Receptors in the Natural History of Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    ucr.edu. 1 Abbreviations: PRL, prolactin; PRLR, prolactin receptor; LF, long form; SF, short form; GFP, green fluorescent protein; BRET, bio ...molecular mimicry of the phosphorylated hormone. Endocrinology 139, 609-616. 20. Huang, K. T., Chen, Y. H., and Walker, A. M. (2004) Inaccuracies in...by molecular mimicry of the phosphorylated hor- mone. Endocrinology 139:609–616 48. Huang KT, Chen YH, Walker AM (2004) Inaccuracies in MTS assays

  7. Statistical Analysis of Acoustic Signal Propagating Through the South China Sea Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    ANALYSIS OF ACOUSTIC SIGNAL PROPAGATING THROUGH THE SOUTH CHINA SEA BASIN by Meihuei Chen March 2016 Thesis Advisor...ACOUSTIC SIGNAL PROPAGATING THROUGH THE SOUTH CHINA SEA BASIN 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Meihuei Chen 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND...acoustics, South China Sea , statistics, sound propagation variability 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 43 16. PRICE CODE 17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT

  8. Topographic EXAFS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-11-01

    PATOS, Daresbury Laboratory; H.K. aIRIA M, University of Illinois, and Haydn CHEN, University of Illinois. To be sub itted to Mature. EC- r E .c JAN 2...determina- D.R.aowl,2,S.R Stck31 T. vise, 1 p~nog2 R.. plrnbME3 tion of crystal bond lengths and coordination numbr, especially in the and Haydn Chen 3

  9. Synthetic Beta-Lactam Antibiotics as a Selective Breast Cancer Cell Apoptosis Inducer: Significance in Breast Cancer Prevention and Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Dietary flavonoids as proteasome inhibitors and apoptosis inducers in human leukemia cells. Biochem. Pharm., 2005; 69: 1421-1432. 56 Lu M, Dou QP...inhibitory activity relationships of dietary flavonoids in human cancer cells. Front Biosci. 2007;12:1935-45. 68 Pelley RP, Chinnakannu K, Murthy S...Letters, 2007; 18:1179-81. 83 Chen D, Landis-Piwowar KR, Chen MS, Dou QP. Inhibition of proteasome activity by the dietary flavonoid apigenin is

  10. Three Clonal Lineages of Phytophthora cinnamomi in Australia Revealed by Microsatellites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrowolski, M P; Tommerup, I C; Shearer, B L; O'Brien, P A

    2003-06-01

    ABSTRACT The genetic structure of populations of Phytophthora cinnamomi, a pathogen of an enormous variety of woody plants, was investigated using microsatellites. Three intensively sampled disease sites in southwest Australia were analyzed along with a large culture collection of Austra-lian isolates and some isolates from elsewhere in the world. The mutation in the four microsatellite loci analyzed revealed spatial patterns at the disease sites that correlated with the age of the infestation. Only three clonal lineages were identified in Australian populations and these same clonal lineages were present in worldwide populations, where it is suggested that a limited number of clonal lineages have spread in most regions. No evidence for sexual reproduction between these clonal lineages in Australia has been found even though the pathogen has the opportunity. Instead, mitotic recombination is frequent within the clonal lineages. The implications of this are discussed.

  11. Confucian virtues and Chinese adolescent development: a conceptual review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shek, Daniel T L; Yu, Lu; Fu, Xiao

    2013-01-01

    Despite the fact that different Chinese communities have already undergone industrialization and urbanization, Confucian virtues are still regarded as developmental ideals in Chinese culture. Unfortunately, while Confucian virtues are commonly discussed under Chinese philosophies, they are rarely examined in the context of developmental research. In this paper, several key Confucian virtues are discussed, including loyalty ("zhong"), filial piety ("xiao"), benevolence ("ren"), affection ("ai"), trustworthiness ("xin"), righteousness ("yi"), harmony ("he"), peace ("ping"), propriety ("li"), wisdom ("zhi"), integrity ("lian") and shame ("chi"). These Chinese traditional virtues are also linked to the concepts of character strengths and positive youth development constructs highlighted in Western culture. It is argued that Confucian virtues provide an indigenous conceptual framework to understand character strengths and positive youth development in Chinese culture. Furthermore, when service leadership is considered in Chinese contexts, these virtues should be regarded as important cornerstones.

  12. Shipboard Acoustic Current Profiling during the Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    measurements themselves. :1 - sin .x -coso . sin(I i coS.(o (2.5) -:: sinia,)E- cost i’ f, sinj Coso C " The spat ial dependence of the relative velocit...RA (3.1) sin() cost ) 0J (I ( R, 5( Rn 0I( cosp - stip (3.2) 0 0I 1 0 stip cosp R . 0) 1 0 Siic (0 coso Thus if the- relatixe velotit x vector...SEct itiis shown in F ig.04b . Iii estructure ofthe tit aoiboeCret\\i osdrb nore jEt -like in these inidi vid ual sect ions t lian itn In hIoxerali av

  13. In Vitro Osteoblast Model for Bone Wound Infections and Antimicrobial Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    agalactiae have suggested that  TNFα, interleukin1β, and IL‐6 are associated with  pathogenesis  of bacterial arthritis [40, 41]. TNFα is  known to be...endocrine  diseases . Bone 6: 339‐ 343.    [14] Lian JB, and Gundberg CA. 1988. Osteocalcin: biomedical considerations and clinical applications.  Clin...protein‐1 and  other chemokines by osteoblasts. Front Biosci;4: D571–D580.    [33] Jiang Y, Graves DT:  Periodontal  pathogens stimulate CC‐chemokine

  14. [Contributions and challenges associated with bodily practices and meditation for health promotion in the public primary care system in the city of São Paulo, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvanese, Ana Tereza Costa; Barros, Nelson Filice de; d'Oliveira, Ana Flávia Pires Lucas

    2017-12-18

    The article presents an analysis of contributions and challenges associated with bodily practices and meditation for health promotion in the public primary care system. The qualitative study was developed in 16 healthcare units in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, using interviews with 29 health professionals and 36 practitioners of bodily practices and meditation, including participant observation of 31 practices such as Tai Chi, Lian Gong, Qigong, Yoga, Capoeira, Dance, Meditation, Relaxation, Mindfulness, and Body Awareness. There was an improvement in joint pain, mobility, balance, memory, depression, and anxiety, besides greater ease in coping with chronic conditions. Such contributions are related to favoring practitioners' autonomy, building health references through self-awareness; the combination of health promotion and therapeutic care in the approaches; and support for access to cultural goods and community spaces. The challenges identified here were precarious integration with the supply of other health services, lack of supervision and evaluation, and the predominance of a health-sector culture.

  15. The Antihyperglycemic Effects of Rhizoma Coptidis and Mechanism of Actions: A Review of Systematic Reviews and Pharmacological Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Rhizoma Coptidis (Huang Lian in Chinese pinyin is among the most widely used traditional Chinese herbal medicines and has a profound history of more than 2000 years of being used as a therapeutic herb. The antidiabetic effects of Rhizoma Coptidis have been extensively investigated in animal experiments and clinical trials and its efficacy as a promising antihyperglycemic agent has been widely discussed. In the meantime, findings from modern pharmacological studies have contributed the majority of its bioactivities to berberine, the isoquinoline alkaloids component of the herb, and a number of experiments testing the antidiabetic effects of berberine have been initiated. Therefore, we conducted a review of the current evidence profile of the antihyperglycemic effects of Rhizoma Coptidis as well as its main component berberine and the possible mechanism of actions, in order to summarize research evidence in this area and identify future research directions.

  16. The Chinese Race to the Bottom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregnbæk, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    graduates, Jing Jing and Bai Gang, who attempted but partly failed to transcend the boundary between rural and urban China, I show how their quests for social mobility and a more fulfilling life were tied to economic, legal and cultural constraints. I argue that the quest for a better life through......This article is based on ethnographic fieldwork carried out among what Lian Si (2009) has called China’s ‘ant tribe’, referring to the millions of unemployed Chinese college graduates who live in the outskirts of Beijing and to some extent share the predicament of China’s migrant workers. Education...... has been the main route to social mobility for centuries in China, but today college graduates are outnumbering jobs in China’s large cities. I focus on the relationship between the fantasy of education as a route to social mobility and the actuality. By narrating the biographies of two university...

  17. Cryptanalysis of a spatiotemporal chaotic image/video cryptosystem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhouma, Rhouma [6' com laboratory, Ecole Nationale d' Ingenieurs de Tunis (ENIT) (Tunisia)], E-mail: rhoouma@yahoo.fr; Belghith, Safya [6' com laboratory, Ecole Nationale d' Ingenieurs de Tunis (ENIT) (Tunisia)

    2008-09-01

    This Letter proposes two different attacks on a recently proposed chaotic cryptosystem for images and videos in [S. Lian, Chaos Solitons Fractals (2007), (doi: 10.1016/j.chaos.2007.10.054)]. The cryptosystem under study displays weakness in the generation of the keystream. The encryption is made by generating a keystream mixed with blocks generated from the plaintext and the ciphertext in a CBC mode design. The so obtained keystream remains unchanged for every encryption procedure. Guessing the keystream leads to guessing the key. Two possible attacks are then able to break the whole cryptosystem based on this drawback in generating the keystream. We propose also to change the description of the cryptosystem to be robust against the described attacks by making it in a PCBC mode design.

  18. Microhabitat de Habia rubica (Vieillot e Trichothraupis melanops (Vieillot (Aves, Emberizidae, Thraupinae, em uma floresta atlântica do sul do Brasil Microhabitat of Habia rubica (Vieillot and Trichothraupis melanops (Vieillot (Aves, Emberizidae, Thraupinae in an Atlantic Forest, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando de Lima Fávaro

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo identifica quais variáveis caracterizam os microhabitats de Habia rubica (Vieillot, 1817 e Trichothraups melanops (Vieillot, 1818 e verifica o padrão de abundância dessas espécies em relação aos parâmetros de microhabitat. Análise de componentes principais mostrou as variáveis de microhabitat mais importantes para cada espécie. O microhabitat de H. rubica foi caracterizado pelo estrato médio aberto e sub-bosque denso e rico em samambaias, arvoretas, herbáceas e cipós; esta espécie apresentou maior abundância nos locais ricos em tais variáveis. Para T. melanops, as variáveis mais importantes foram samambaias, arbustos, arvoretas, herbáceas, cipós, árvores de grande porte e quantidade de árvores com briófitas; a abundância desta espécie não foi relacionada com a densidade dessas variáveis talvez devido aos seus hábitos generalistas.This study identifies which variables characterize the microhabitats of Habia rubica (Vieillot, 1817 and Trichothraupis melanops (Vieillot, 1818 and verifies the pattern of abundance of these species in relation to the parameters of microhabitat. Principal components analysis showed the variables of microhabitat more important for each species. The microhabitat of H. rubica was characterized for the middle stratum open and understory unclear, rich in ferns, young trees, herbs and lianes; this species presented higher abundance in places rich in such variables. For T. melanops, the variables more important were understory unclear with ferns, shrubs, young trees, lianes and herbs, large trees and number of trees with bryophytes; the abundance of this species was unrelated with the density of these variables perhaps due to their generalist habits.

  19. Functionalized Polymeric Materials for Electronics and Optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-31

    Solid Films 179. 215-2N)(1489) *’ T.A. SKotheim . X.Q. Yang. J. Chen ci au! S.Knii: .1c," 28. (221-31t, I )1s). ඔ A.K.M Rahman. L. Samuelson. D. Minehan...S (hu.•h & S -rjpajh\\..vnwh MI’." 28. C237-44 (1989). ඕ T. Inagaki, T.A. Skotheim . H.S. Lee, Y. Okamoto. L. SamucNon & S Tripath,-. .vnrh .lfcl 28...C245-50 (1989). 78 X.Q. Yang. J. Chen. P.D. Hale et al. Lang)mnur S. 1288-92 (H 981. 79 T.A. Skotheim , X.Q. Yang. J. Chen et a!. Thin Solhd fim 178

  20. Virtual Trackballs Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Knud; Sporring, Jon; Hornbæk, Kasper

    2004-01-01

    Rotation of three-dimensional objects by a two-dimensional mouse is a typical task in computer-aided design, operation simulations, and desktop virtual reality. The most commonly used rotation technique is a virtual trackball surrounding the object and operated by the mouse pointer. This article...... reviews and provides a mathematical foundation for virtual trackballs. The first, but still popular, virtual trackball was described by Chen et al. [CHECK END OF SENTENCE]. We show that the virtual trackball by Chen et al. does not rotate the object along the intended great circular arc on the virtual...... trackball and we give a correction. Another popular virtual trackball is Shoemake's quaternion implementation [CHECK END OF SENTENCE], which we show to be a special case of the virtual trackball by Chen et al.. Shoemake extends the scope of the virtual trackball to the full screen. Unfortunately, Shoemake...

  1. Synchronization between integer-order chaotic systems and a class of fractional-order chaotic systems via sliding mode control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Diyi; Zhang, Runfan; Sprott, J C; Chen, Haitao; Ma, Xiaoyi

    2012-06-01

    In this paper, we focus on the synchronization between integer-order chaotic systems and a class of fractional-order chaotic system using the stability theory of fractional-order systems. A new sliding mode method is proposed to accomplish this end for different initial conditions and number of dimensions. More importantly, the vector controller is one-dimensional less than the system. Furthermore, three examples are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, which are the synchronization between a fractional-order Chen chaotic system and an integer-order T chaotic system, the synchronization between a fractional-order hyperchaotic system based on Chen's system and an integer-order hyperchaotic system, and the synchronization between a fractional-order hyperchaotic system based on Chen's system and an integer-order Lorenz chaotic system. Finally, numerical results are presented and are in agreement with theoretical analysis.

  2. Synchronization between integer-order chaotic systems and a class of fractional-order chaotic systems via sliding mode control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Diyi; Zhang, Runfan; Sprott, J. C.; Chen, Haitao; Ma, Xiaoyi

    2012-06-01

    In this paper, we focus on the synchronization between integer-order chaotic systems and a class of fractional-order chaotic system using the stability theory of fractional-order systems. A new sliding mode method is proposed to accomplish this end for different initial conditions and number of dimensions. More importantly, the vector controller is one-dimensional less than the system. Furthermore, three examples are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, which are the synchronization between a fractional-order Chen chaotic system and an integer-order T chaotic system, the synchronization between a fractional-order hyperchaotic system based on Chen's system and an integer-order hyperchaotic system, and the synchronization between a fractional-order hyperchaotic system based on Chen's system and an integer-order Lorenz chaotic system. Finally, numerical results are presented and are in agreement with theoretical analysis.

  3. Existence of positive periodic solution of mutualism system with several delays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Haihui [College of Mathematics and Computer Science, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Department of Computer Science and Technology, Sunshine College, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Xia Yonghui [College of Mathematics and Computer Science, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China)], E-mail: yhxia@fzu.edu.cn; Lin Muren [College of Mathematics and Computer Science, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002 (China)

    2008-04-15

    In this paper, by using Mawhin coincidence degree, some sufficient conditions are obtained for the global existence of positive periodic solutions of a mutualism systems with bounded and unbounded delays. Our results generalize significantly improve those of Gopalsamy and He [Gopalsamy K, He XZ. Persistence, attractivity, and delay in facultative mutualism. J Math Anal Appl 1997;215:154-73], Yang et al. [Yang F, Jiang D, Ying A. Existence of positive solution of multidelays facultative mutualism system. J Eng Math 2002;3:64-8], Chen et al. [Chen FD, Shi JL, Chen XX. Periodicity in Lotka-Volterra facultative mutualism system with several delays. J Eng Math 2004;21(3)] and Xia and Lin [Xia YH, Lin M, Existence of positive periodic solution of mutualism system with infinite delays. Ann Diff Eqs 2005;21(3):448-53].

  4. A review of Bornean Micronectidae (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Nepomorpha with descriptions of two new species from Sabah, Malaysia1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pingping Chen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Previous research of Bornean Micronectidae Jaczewski, 1924 (pygmy water boatmen is summarized based on the data from the literature and recent work. All the Bornean micronectids belong to the genus Micronecta Kirkaldy, 1897. Descriptions or redescriptions and a key to the eight species, which have so far been found in Borneo are presented, namely M. decorata Lundblad, 1933, M. ludibunda Breddin, 1905, M. liewi sp. n., M. lakimi sp. n., M. lumutensis Chen, Nieser & Lansbury, 2008, M. skutalis Nieser & Chen, 1999, M. kymatista Nieser & Chen, 1999 and M. quadristrigata Breddin, 1905. The synonyms are indicated under each species. To facilitate identification, illustrations and habitus photos are provided. The faunistic components of Micronectidae in Borneo are discussed from a zoogeographic point of view.

  5. IMPROVED CHEN’S INEQUALITIES FOR LAGRANGIAN SUBMANIFOLDS IN QUATERNIONIC SPACE FORMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GABRIEL MACSIM

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Riemannian invariants (in particular Chen invariants play an important role in the theory of submanifolds. They are very useful in providing relationships between the extrinsic and intrinsic invariants of a submanifold. On the other hand, Lagrangian submanifolds are one of the most studied, with important roles in other fields. In this paper, an improved inequality for the Chen invariant δ_M and an inequality for the invariant δ(n1, . . . , nk, both in the case of a Lagrangian submanifold in a quaternionic space form, by using an optimization method, are obtained.

  6. Thermal Regulation of Heat Transfer Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-02

    Wang, R. T. Zheng, J. W. Gao, and G. Chen, Heat Conduction Mechanisms in Nanofluids and Suspensions, Nano Today , 7, 124-136 (2012). 3. P. C...the catalysis properties of hollow Cr2O3 structure, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2, 12270-12775 (2014). 12770-12775 8. Y. Yang, S. W. Lee, H...W.;  Chen,  G.  Nano   Today  2012,  7,  (2),  124-­‐136.   9.   Albanis,  V.  Light-­‐Induced  Structural  Transition

  7. Highly Ordered Thin Fims of Polyheterocycles: A Synchrotron Radiation Study of Polypyrrole and Polythiophene Langmuir-Blodgett Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-31

    Polyheterocycles: A Synchrotron Radiation Study of Polypyrrole and Polythiophene Langmuir-Blodgett Films 0 by T.A. Skotheim , X.Q. Yang, J. Cher P.D. Hale, T. Inagaki...T.A. Skotheim , X.Q. Yang. J. Chen, P.D. Hale, T. Inagaki, L. Samuelson, S.- ’ripathy. K. Hong. M.P. Rubner, M.L. denBoer and Y. Okamioto 13a. TYPE OF...POLYPYRROLE AND POLYTHIOPHENE LANGMUIR-BLODGETT FILMS -4 T. A. SKOTHEIM , X.Q. YANG, J. CHEN, P. D. HALE, T. INAGAKI* Division of Materials Science, Department

  8. Mechanisms of p53-Mediated Apoptosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    terminus. Cell 81:1021–1029. 27. Juan , L. J., W. J. Shia, M. H. Chen, W. M. Yang, E. Seto, Y. S. Lin, and C. W. VOL. 25, 2005 THE C TERMINUS REGULATES p53...functionally resembles p53. Nat. Med. 4:839–843. 45. Pariat, M., S. Carillo, M. Molinari, C. Salvat , L. Debussche, L. Bracco, J. Milner, and M. Piechaczyk. 1997...apoptosis. Nature 2000;408:377-81. 27. Juan LJ, Shia WJ, Chen MH, et al. Histone deacetylases specifically down-regulate p53- dependent gene

  9. Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes as a metal catalyst support

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mabena, LF

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available al. (2008) Pt 1.5?8.4 30 PEM fuel cells Chen et al. (2009) Ru 0.1?1.9 0.8 Ammonia decomposition Chen et al. (2010a, b, c) Ru 4 2 Ammonia decomposition Garc??a-Garc??a et al. (2010) Pt?Ru Unknown 40 Methanol oxidation Jiang et al. (2010) Pt?Ru 4 9... dispersion of nanoparticles (Gao et al. 2006).The support can also influence the performance of the catalyst through electronic interactions and migration effects (Mhlanga 2009). A catalyst support is a material on which an active metal nanoparticle...

  10. Siltuximab (CNTO 328: a promising option for human malignancies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen R

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Runzhe Chen, Baoan Chen Department of Hematology and Oncology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Siltuximab (CNTO 328 is a promising antibody-drug conjugate targeting cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6. It is highly binding to IL-6 and thus neutralizing IL-6 bioactivity and promoting death of tumor cell. In this review, we mainly focus on the mechanisms, clinical studies, and adverse effect of siltuximab in the treatment of human malignancies. We also provide our recommendations for siltuximab treatment in the future. Keywords: interleukin-6, Castleman’s disease, clinical trials

  11. Some Tractable Win-Lose Games

    OpenAIRE

    Datta, Samir; Krishnamurthy, Nagarajan

    2010-01-01

    Determining a Nash equilibrium in a $2$-player non-zero sum game is known to be PPAD-hard (Chen and Deng (2006), Chen, Deng and Teng (2009)). The problem, even when restricted to win-lose bimatrix games, remains PPAD-hard (Abbott, Kane and Valiant (2005)). However, there do exist polynomial time tractable classes of win-lose bimatrix games - such as, very sparse games (Codenotti, Leoncini and Resta (2006)) and planar games (Addario-Berry, Olver and Vetta (2007)). We extend the results in the ...

  12. ERR Gamma: Does an Orphan Nuclear Receptor Link Steroid Hormone Biogenesis to Endocrine Resistance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    tandem copies of the consensus sequence for SF-1RE (TCAAGGTCA; generously provided by Dr. Jean-Marc Vanacker, INSERM, Montpellier , France) (6) and...activity, Mol. Endocrinol. 20 (2006) 3120–3132. [147] D. Chen, P.E. Pace , R.C. Coombes, S. Ali, Phosphoryla- tion of human estrogen receptor alpha by protein...1998) 13317–13323. [154] D. Chen, T. Riedl, E. Washbrook, P.E. Pace , R.C. Coombes, J.M. Egly, et al., Activation of estrogen receptor alpha by S118

  13. Albirhodobacter marinus gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Rhodobacteraceae isolated from sea shore water of Visakhapatnam, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nupur; Bhumika, V.; Srinivas, T.N.R.; AnilKumar, P.

    , Sheu SY, Chen CA, Wang JT, Chen WM (2011) Paracoccus isoporae sp. nov., isolated from the reef-building coral Isopora palifera. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 61:1138–1143 Collins MD, Pirouz T, Goodfellow M, Minnikin DE (1977) Distribution of menaquinones... non-photosynthetic member of the class Alphaproteobacteria isolated from seawater. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58:282–285 Liu ZP, Wang BJ, Liu XY, Dai X, Liu YH, Liu SJ (2008) Paracoccus halophilus sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment of the South...

  14. Hand replantation: First experience in a sub-Saharan African country (Togo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Komla Sena Amouzou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fifty years after Chen has performed the first forearm replantation, we report our first case of hand replantation in a sub-Saharan African country. The etiology of the amputation was machete due to interpersonal violence. The amputation was trans-carpal, guillotine-type, subtotal non-viable maintained with a small skin bridge. The replantation procedure was successful. At one year follow-up, the functional result according to Chen's criteria was excellent. Through this first experience, we can state that hand replantation can be performed successfully both in survival and function in a non-specialized hospital of a sub-Saharan African country.

  15. New Techniques for Thermo-electrochemical Analysis of Lithium-ion Batteries for Space Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, William; Ardebili, H.

    2013-01-01

    The overall goal of this study was achieved: Replicated the numerical assessment performed by Chen et. al. (2005). Displayed the ability of Thermal Desktop to be coupled with thermo-electrochemical analysis techniques. such that the local heat generated on the cells is a function of the model itself using logic blocks and arrays. Differences in the TD temperature vs. depth of discharge profiles and Chen's was most likely due to differences in two primary areas: Contact regions and conductance values. Differences in density and specific heat values. center dot The model results are highly dependent on the accuracy of the material properties with respect to the multiple layers of an individual cell.

  16. Concentration-dependent effects of fullerenol on cultured hippocampal neuron viability

    OpenAIRE

    Zha YY; Yang B.; Tang ML; Guo QC; Chen JT; Wen LP; Wang M.

    2012-01-01

    Ying-ying Zha,1 Bo Yang,1 Ming-liang Tang,2 Qiu-chen Guo,1 Ju-tao Chen,1 Long-ping Wen,3 Ming Wang11CAS Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Disease, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 2Suzhou Institute of NanoTech and NanoBionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou, 3Laboratory of Nano-biology, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, People's Republic of ChinaBackground: Recent studies have shown that...

  17. SYNTHESIS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF 3,6 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mercapto-s-triazol-3-yl)ethane. II Farmaco 2000, 55, 354-361. 3. Zhang, L.-X.; Zhang, A.-J.; Chen, X.-X.; Lei, X.-X.; Nan, X.-Y.; Chen, D.-Y.; Zhang, Z.-Y. Synthesis and biological activity of 3-(2-furanyl)-6-aryl-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-b]-1,3,4- thiadiazoles. Molecules 2002, 7, 681-689. 4. El-Shehry, M.F.; Abu-Hashem, A.A.; El-Telbani ...

  18. Hybrid dislocated control and general hybrid projective dislocated synchronization for the modified Lue chaotic system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu Yuhua [College of Information Science and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620 (China) and Department of Maths, Yunyang Teacher' s College, Hubei 442000 (China)], E-mail: yuhuaxu2004@163.com; Zhou Wuneng [College of Information Science and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620 (China)], E-mail: wnzhou@163.com; Fang Jianan [College of Information Science and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620 (China)

    2009-11-15

    This paper introduces a modified Lue chaotic system, and some basic dynamical properties are studied. Based on these properties, we present hybrid dislocated control method for stabilizing chaos to unstable equilibrium and limit cycle. In addition, based on the Lyapunov stability theorem, general hybrid projective dislocated synchronization (GHPDS) is proposed, which includes complete dislocated synchronization, dislocated anti-synchronization and projective dislocated synchronization as its special item. The drive and response systems discussed in this paper can be strictly different dynamical systems (including different dimensional systems). As examples, the modified Lue chaotic system, Chen chaotic system and hyperchaotic Chen system are discussed. Numerical simulations are given to show the effectiveness of these methods.

  19. Characterization of As-Grown Dislocation Structure in Niobium by X-Ray Diffraction Topography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    JIOBIUM BY X-RAY DIFFRACTION TOPOGRAPHY, ?’R. Stock, Haydn /Chnand H rn ba urn ONR Contract USNJ0014-75-C-1O12, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign...TOPOGRAPHY by S. R. Stock, Haydn Chen and H. K. Bi rnba um Depdrtment Of >’,etd I Iurcy and I’i ni ngE Lng inee ri ng and th. aeral s Resea rch Labo!rdtory...Ty.pe of report and inclusive date*) Technical Report September 1981 S AUTHOR(S) (Last name, first name. initial) Stock, Stuart S., Chen, Haydn and

  20. Dirac equation with spin symmetry for the modified Pöschl–Teller ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    equipment for the analysis of cultural heritage. 313. Chakraborty A see Sudarshan M. 241. Chandra Hem see Upadhyay Sanjay. 183. Chatterjee J M see Gupta D. 345. Chen Jiao-Kai. Separation of different wave components in the Bethe–Salpeter wave function. 397. Chettle D R. In vivo applications of X-ray fluorescence.

  1. Wave Transformation Over Reefs: Evaluation of One-Dimensional Numerical Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    engineering applications. Coastal Engineering 16:369-397. Dally, W. R., R. G. Dean , and R. A. Dalrymple . 1985. Wave height variation across beaches of...International Development Agency (DANIDA), p.56. Kennedy, A. B., Q. Chen, J. T. Kirby, and R. A. Dalrymple . 2000. Boussinesq modeling of wave

  2. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 6901 - 6950 of 11090 ... Vol 10, No 80 (2011), Lectin from the sea mussel Crenomytilus grayanus and its effects on Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Abstract PDF. C Tong, W Li, Q Jin, C Tan, M Qu, W Chen, V Molchanova, I Chikalovets, O Chernikov, P Lukyanov. Vol 8, No 14 (2009), Lectin receptor kinase LecRK-b2 localizes ...

  3. Comparison of Models for Calculation of the Thermodynamic Properties of NH3-CO2-H2O Mixture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gudjonsdottir, V.; Infante Ferreira, C.A.; Groll, Eckhard

    2016-01-01

    Couple of models have been developed to calculate thermodynamic properties of NH3-CO2-H2O systems. These models are typically an equation of state for the vapor phase and an activity coefficient model for the liquid phase (Que & Chen, 2011). The activity coefficient models can be divided into

  4. South Africa and Poland

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kirstam

    capital, foreign direct investment, joint ventures and outsourcing arrangements. ... with only one. Entrepreneurial intentions amongst Master of Business students etc ... students. Liñán and Chen (2009: 593) developed and tested an instrument, the entrepreneurial Intention questionnaire (EIQ), but indicated that there was a.

  5. Targeting Prostate Cancer with Bifunctional Modulators of the Androgen Receptor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    and ProduXion Manager® from Aries Systems Corporation 2 Bifunctional Ligand Control of Nuclear Receptors 1 Bifunctional Ligands Allow...androgen receptor. Genes Dev 21:2005-2017 23. Inohara N, Koseki T, Lin J, del Peso L, Lucas PC, Chen FF, Ogura Y, Núñez G 2000 An Induced Proximity

  6. Can a Multimedia Tool Help Students' Learning Performance in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hennie

    2015-11-25

    Nov 25, 2015 ... environments to learners for the learning process mainly of science in several developing countries, such as. Taiwan, South Africa and Turkey (Bester & Brand, 2013; Hong, Hwang, Liu, Ho & Chen, 2014). Generally, science subjects include more abstract phenomena and concepts; therefore students have.

  7. Contract W911NF-09-1-0384 (Purdue University)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-27

    Herschbach. Entanglement of polar molecules in pendular states, The Journal of Chemical Physics , (3 2011): 124107. doi: 10.1063/1.3567486 08/31/2011...6.00 Sabre Kais, Yong P. Chen, Qi Wei. Communications: Entanglement switch for dipole arrays, The Journal of Chemical Physics , (3 2010): 121104. doi

  8. Managing Phonon Transport by Core/Shell Nanowires

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    core-shell nanowires, The Journal of Chemical Physics , 135, 104508, 14 September 2011. 2. J. Chen, G Zhang, and B Li, A universal gauge for thermal...conductivity of silicon nanowires with different cross sectional geometries, The Journal of Chemical Physics , 135, 204705, 29 November 2011. 3. J

  9. The functional variable method for finding exact solutions of some ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    and KEWANG CHEN. College of Mathematics and Statistics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, ... Introduction. The effort in finding exact solutions of nonlinear equations is very important for understanding most nonlinear physical phenomena. For instance, the nonlinear wave phenomena observed ...

  10. Probing/Manipulating the Interfacial Atomic Bonding between High k Dielectrics and InGaAs for Ultimate CMOS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-24

    10.1039/C4CE00734D 2014 3. “III-V Compound Semiconductor Transistors – From Planar to Nanowire Structures”, H. Riel, L.-E. Wernersson, M. Hong, J...extract interface state densities at atomic-layer-deposited high-k dielectric/III-V heterostructures ”, Y. T. Fanchiang, Y. K. Su, K. S. Chen, Y. C

  11. Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and C Viral Infections among Type 2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    serious mortality, raising a major concern for global health.[1]. Over the years, prevalence of diabetes mellitus ... [6] Chen et al., (2006), found that the prevalence of hepatitis B was similar to that of the control group. .... are known to occur in infants and children as a result of maternal-neonatal transmission or close childhood ...

  12. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. SHU CHEN. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 4 September 2017 pp 695-700 RESEARCH NOTE. Clinical and genetic characterization of six cases with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome in China · JING HE SHUWU QI HUIJUN ZHANG JINGJING GUO ...

  13. utilisation of azo and triphenylmethane dyes as sole source of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the treatment of dye wastewater. Key words: Bacillus sp, primary biodegradation, methyl orange, malachite green. INTRODUCTION. Synthetic dyes are extensively used in the textile, food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, paper, leather, photographic and aquaculture industries (Schnick,. 1988; Chen et al., 1999). The main ...

  14. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    MARYAM AL-TOWAILB OURIMI NABIL. PMSC-D-16-00148. Stabilization of the higher order nonlinear Schrödinger equation with constant coefficients. Mo Chen. PMSC-D-16-00160. SOME NEW ESTIMATES FOR THE HELGASON FOURIER TRANSFORM ON RANK 1 SYMMETRIC SPACES. R DAHER S EL OUADIH.

  15. In vitro pharmacokinetics of sirolimus-coated stent for tracheal stenosis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In vitro pharmacokinetics of sirolimus-coated stent for tracheal stenosis. Shanzuan Wang, Zhengxian Chen, Qunying Lin, Qingyu Lin, Yumei Geng, Suwang Wang. Abstract. Purpose: To investigate the in vitro pharmacokinetics of sirolimus-coated stent for tracheal stenosis. Methods: Naked nickel titanium alloy stent was ...

  16. Measurements of Narrow Mg II Associated Absorption Doublets with ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Zhi-Fu Chen1 2 Cai-Juan Pan1 Guo-Qiang Li2 Wei-Rong Huang2 Mu-Sheng Li2. Department of Physics and Telecommunication Engineering of Baise University, Baise 533000, China. Center for Astrophysics of Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China.

  17. Biopolymers for Sample Collection, Protection, and Preservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-19

    impermeability to mammalian cell membranes (Chen et al. 2001). Poration agents like ATP and benzoyl ATM need to be utilized to provide membrane permeability for...Egypt, it was used as a pigment binder and ad- hesive in paints for making hieroglyphs, binder in cos- metics and inks , and for adhering flaxen wrappings

  18. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chen, JR. Vol 12, No 5 (2015) - Articles Activation of different cerebral functional regions following acupuncture at both Taixiand Taichong acupoints and Taixiacupoint alone: An FMRI study. Abstract PDF · Vol 13, No 1 (2016) - Articles Activation of different cerebral functional regions following acupuncture at Bot H Taixi and ...

  19. Determination of borneol and other chemical compounds of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Su J, Chen L, Li B, Li L. Extraction and Composition. Analysis of Volatile Components in Leaves of. Cinnamomun burmannii B1. J Food Science 2010; 31: 399-401. 11. Buchbauer G, Jager W, Jirovetz L, Meyer F, Dietrich H. Effects of valerian root oil, borneol, isoborneol, bornyl acetate and isobornyl acetate on the motility of.

  20. Chemical composition of essential oil of exudates of Dryobalanops ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Su J, Chen L, Li B, Li L. Extraction and Composition. Analysis of Volatile Components in Leaves of. Cinnamomun burmannii B1. J Food Science 2010; 31: 399-401. 11. Buchbauer G, Jager W, Jirovetz L, Meyer F, Dietrich H. Effects of valerian root oil, borneol, isoborneol, bornyl acetate and isobornyl acetate on the motility of.

  1. Invariant measures and error bounds for random walks in the quarter-plane based on sums of geometric terms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, Y.; Boucherie, Richardus J.; Goseling, Jasper

    2016-01-01

    We consider homogeneous random walks in the quarter-plane. The necessary conditions which characterize random walks of which the invariant measure is a sum of geometric terms are provided in Chen et al. (arXiv:1304.3316, 2013, Probab Eng Informational Sci 29(02):233–251, 2015). Based on these

  2. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. XIAOQING SUN. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 41 Issue 2 June 2016 pp 229-236 Article. Silencing of HMGA2 promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells · Zhan Shi Ding Wu Run Tang Xiang Li Renfu Chen Song Xue ...

  3. Enhanced high temperature performance of LiMn2O4 coated with ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Liu Jinlian1 Wu Xianming1 2 Chen Shang1 2 Liu Jianben1 2 He Zeqiang1 2. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China; Xiangxi Ores and New Materials Development and Service Centre, Jishou 416000, China ...

  4. Innovative Design and Processing of Multi-Functional Adaptive Structural Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-09

    other environmental stresses. The approaches we used in the third year of the program include (i) reversible jamming, layering, welding and/or...Chen, George M. Whitesides, Joost J. Vlassak, Zhigang Suo. Indentation of polydimethylsiloxane submerged in organic solvents, Journal of Materials... welding and/or percolation; (ii) dissipative materials; and (iii) granular chemistry. PUBLICATIONS AND MANUSCRIPTS Papers Published in Peer-Reviewed

  5. Disease: H01073 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available unistically pathogenic for humans. Shewanella infection is associated with a wide clinical spectrum and soft...565779 (description, env_factor) Tsai MS, You HL, Tang YF, Liu JW Shewanella soft...iption, env_factor) Chen YS, Liu YC, Yen MY, Wang JH, Wang JH, Wann SR, Cheng DL Skin and soft-tissue manife

  6. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 25 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Biological roles of crop NADP-malic enzymes and molecular mechanisms involved in abiotic stress · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. HB Shao, ZH Liu, ZB Zhang, QJ Chen, LY Chu, M Brestic, 4947-4953 ...

  7. Clipboard

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2014-04-29

    Apr 29, 2014 ... DNA repair gene while sparing the normal ones, a concept known as 'synthetic lethality' (Kaelin 2005). One of the main DNA damage repair pathways is double strand break (DSB) repair ... in literature was non-specific (Chen et al. 2008). Raghavan and his group overcame this limitation by targeted design ...

  8. Untitled

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    electric traction. Proc. of ICEM-1992, Budapest, pp 550-553. 23) A R Millner 1994 Multi-hundred horsepower permanent magnet brushless disk motors. Proc. of APEC Conf, pp 351-355 w. (24 C C Chen, KT Chau, J ZJiang, W Xia, M. Zhu, R. Zhang 1996 Novel permanent magnet motor drives for electric vehicles. IEEE Trans ...

  9. Fusion research programme in India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    quences of their geographic distribution on the expected development of the electric vehicle industry. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16(3): 1735–1744. Chen F F 2010 An indispensable truth, how fusion power can save the planet, New York: Springer. Clarke G M and Harben P W 2009 Lithium Availability ...

  10. Effects of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on blood lipids, platelet ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    are hemiplegia, aphasia, and nerve function deficiency syndrome consciousness disorder. [2,3]. In the acute stage of ischemic stroke, the main treatment ..... Chen YX, Xiang CX, Xie RX, Zhang JH, Song CY, Cheng. N, Wang SJ, Sun YH, Han SL . The predictive value of. Essen stroke risk scale in the recurrence of ischemic.

  11. Subject Index

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    user1

    Role of Gas Dynamical Friction in the Evolution of Embedded Stellar Clusters (K. Indulekha), 207. Puzzling Origin of CEMP-r/s Stars: An Interpretation of Abundance and Enrichment of s- and r-Process Elements from Asymptotic Giant Branch Supernovae. (Jiang Zhang, Fang Zhao, Yanping Chen, Wenyuan Cui & Bo Zhang) ...

  12. Socialpædagogik - et arbejdsfelt med paradokser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen er en oversat og let bearbejdet udgave af professor Hans Thiersch med titlen: Sozialpädagogik - Handeln in Widersprüchen? Artiklens elementer: 1. Socialstaten som princip og socialt arbejde 2. Koncepter for det socialpædagogiske arbejde 3. Struktur og åbenhed i det socialpædagogiske...

  13. Das Kino in der Zeitung - Notizen zur Geschichte der Kinomater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Högner

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Druckmatern waren bis in die 1970er-Jahre Bestandteil von Werberatschlägen für Kinofilme. Als Mittel zur Bildreproduktion sind sie heute obsolet. Als Oberflächen und Displays, in die sich verschiedene Bezüge ihrer Zeit eingeschrieben haben, werden sie jedoch zum Exponat der Druck-, Werbe- und Kinogeschichte.

  14. Reproducing Kernel Hilbert space method for optimal interpolation of potential field data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maltz, J; De Mello Koch, R; Willis, A

    1998-01-01

    The RKHS-based optimal image interpolation method, presented by Chen and de Figueiredo (1993), is applied to scattered potential field measurements. The RKHS which admits only interpolants consistent with Laplace's equation is defined and its kernel, derived. The algorithm is compared to bicubic spline interpolation, and is found to yield vastly superior results.

  15. Precise asymptotics for complete moment convergence in Hilbert ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Discussion Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia · Live Streaming. Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 122; Issue 1. Precise Asymptotics for Complete Moment Convergence in Hilbert Spaces. Keang Fu Juan Chen. Volume 122 Issue 1 February 2012 ...

  16. List of participants

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kurths Juergen, Potsdam University,. Potsdam, Germany. Kye W H, Pai-Chai University, Taejon,. Korea. Lakshmanan M, Bharatidasan Univer- sity, Tiruchirapalli, India. Lakshmi Bala S, IIT Madras, Chennai,. India. Lakshminarayan Arul, IIT Madras,. Chennai, India. Mahadevan Priya, IIT Madras, Chen- nai, India. Meenakshi ...

  17. Fractional-order integral and derivative controller for temperature ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . Nonlinear Dynamics. (Guest Editor) 29: 1–385. Malki Heidar A, Dave Misir, Denny Feigenspan, Guanrong Chen 1997 Fuzzy PID control of a flexible- joint robot arm with uncertainties from time-varying loads. IEEE Trans. on Control Systems ...

  18. Plastic collapse load of corroded steel plates

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ple, Bruneau & Zahrai (1997) and Zuraski & Johnson (1990) have studied fatigue strength of corroded steel specimens taken from aged bridges. Chen et al (2005) have studied mechani- cal properties of low alloy steels in chloride solution. Some research works were also done on structural integrity of aged structures.

  19. Hpa1 harpin needs nitroxyl terminus to promote vegetative growth ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2014-01-27

    Jan 27, 2014 ... Biol. 77 185–. 201. Dong H, Delaney TP, Bauer DW and Beer SV 1999 Harpin induces disease resistance in Arabidopsis through the systemic acquired resistance pathway mediated by salicylic acid and the NIM1 gene. Plant J. 20 207–215. Dong HP, Peng J, Bao Z, Meng X, Bonasera JM, Chen G, Beer SV.

  20. Thirty-seven transcription factor genes differentially respond to a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    repress SALICYLIC ACID INDUCTION DEFICIENT2 expression to negatively regulate plant innate immunity in. Arabidopsis; Plant Cell 21 2527−2540. Chen L, Qian J, Qu S, Long J, Yin Q, Zhang C, Wu X, Sun F et al. 2008a Identification of specific fragments of HpaGXooc, a harpin from Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola, ...