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Sample records for vocational tasks decreased

  1. Task Speed and Accuracy Decrease When Multitasking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Lin; Cockerham, Deborah; Chang, Zhengsi; Natividad, Gloria

    2016-01-01

    As new technologies increase the opportunities for multitasking, the need to understand human capacities for multitasking continues to grow stronger. Is multitasking helping us to be more efficient? This study investigated the multitasking abilities of 168 participants, ages 6-72, by measuring their task accuracy and completion time when they…

  2. Task Speed and Accuracy Decrease When Multitasking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Lin; Cockerham, Deborah; Chang, Zhengsi; Natividad, Gloria

    2016-01-01

    As new technologies increase the opportunities for multitasking, the need to understand human capacities for multitasking continues to grow stronger. Is multitasking helping us to be more efficient? This study investigated the multitasking abilities of 168 participants, ages 6-72, by measuring their task accuracy and completion time when they…

  3. Task-related signal decrease on functional magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hara, Yoshie; Nakamura, Mitsugu; Tamaki, Norihiko; Tamura, Shogo [Kobe Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Kitamura, Junji

    2001-10-01

    An atypical pattern of signal change was identified on functional magnetic resonance (fMR) imaging in pathologic patients. Three normal volunteers and 34 patients with pathologic lesions near the primary motor cortex underwent fMR imaging with echo-planar imaging while performing a hand motor task. Signal intensities were evaluated with the z-score method, and the time course and changes of the signal intensity were calculated. Nine of the 34 patients with pathologic lesions displayed a significant task-related signal reduction in motor-related areas. They also presented a conventional task-related signal increase in other motor-related areas. The time courses of the increase and decrease were the inverse of each other. There was no significant difference between rates of signal increase and decrease. Our findings suggest that this atypical signal decrease is clinically significant, and that impaired vascular reactivity and altered oxygen metabolism could contribute to the task-related signal reduction. Brain areas showing such task-related signal decrease should be preserved at surgery. (author)

  4. Lubrication Specialist: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of lubrication specialist. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  5. Task-based English Teaching in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莹

    2013-01-01

    Task-based Approach is “human-oriented". It is based on students practical life. It makes use of all the resources, including students, teachers and environment, wrnch can ennch teacher's teaching contents and make students use English creatively.

  6. Task-based teaching approach and its application in oral class of tourism English in high vocational college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铭婷

    2016-01-01

    This paper provides arguments in favour of using task-based approach in the study of oral class for students major in Tourism English in high vocational college. Tourism industry develops quickly in recent decades, as a result, the need for tour guide increased dramatically. High vocational college always takes the responsibility to meet this need. However, tourists have higher standard for tour guide. Communication ability plays a crucial role for tour guide during their tour. This paper discusses how task-based teaching approach applied to students majoring in Tourism English in high vocational college.

  7. A Study on Task-based Approach in Vocational College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莹

    2012-01-01

    The traditional teaching approach has long been concerned with imparting know!edge, and many college teachers still opt for this method in their practice In English class teachers choose to emphasize ma the language points, ignoring that English lan- guage mainly functions as a tool of communication. On the other hand, for students the purpose of learning English is to pass the examination. This traditional approach fails to cultivate students" communicative ability in English . In recent years, however, the general shift from a knowledge-based education to an ability-oriented one makes it an imperative to reform the traditional teaching methods. As a new kind of teaching theory and teaching act!vity, task-based approach(TBA) has been introduced and applieded by English teachers in China, especially those engaged in English teaching in higher vocational colleges.

  8. Noise power associated with decreased task-induced variability of brain electrical activity in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Vicente; Bachiller, Alejandro; Suazo, Vanessa; Lubeiro, Alba; Poza, Jesús; Hornero, Roberto

    2016-02-01

    In schizophrenia, both increased baseline metabolic and electroencephalographic (EEG) activities as well as decreased task-related modulation of neural dynamics have been reported. Noise power (NP) can measure the background EEG activity during task performance, and Shannon entropy (SE) is useful for quantifying the global modulation of EEG activity with a high temporal resolution. In this study, we have assessed the possible relationship between increased NP in theta and gamma bands and decreased SE modulation in 24 patients with schizophrenia and 26 controls over the parietal and central regions during a P300 task. SE modulation was calculated as the change from baseline to the active epoch (i.e., 150-550 ms following the target stimulus onset). Patients with schizophrenia displayed statistically significant higher NP values and lower SE modulation than healthy controls. We found a significant association between gamma NP and SE in all of the participants. Specifically, a NP increase in the gamma band was followed by a decrease in SE change. These results support the notion that an excess of gamma activity, unlocked to the task being performed, is accompanied by a decreased modulation of EEG activity in schizophrenia.

  9. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  10. Teaching Adolescents with Autism to Describe a Problem and Request Assistance during Simulated Vocational Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotto-Fojut, Kim M.; Reeve, Kenneth F.; Townsend, Dawn B.; Progar, Patrick R.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research suggests that vocational skills training for individuals with autism may increase the likelihood that they may be effectively employed. In the present study, a multiple-baseline-across-participants design was used to assess the effects of graduated guidance, scripts, and script fading to teach four adolescents with autism in a…

  11. CONDUCTING HANDS-ON TASK IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION: TEACHING METHOD IN AUTOMOTIVE COURSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Ahmad

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the findings from a study on teaching in practical work on automotive courses at Vocational Colleges in Malaysia. The random sampling technique was used in selecting 283 students and 63 teachers as respondents from the automotive courses. The findings of the research indicate that teachers have strong preference in using the demonstration and questioning technique during the set induction stage of teaching. Teachers also prefer group monitoring and problem solving during the teaching phase, and re-explaining and report writing in the post-teaching stage. This research provides the combination of teaching techniques that could be used in teaching vocational skills in general and automotive practical work in particular. This study has concluded that vocational teaching method in automotive practical work to be applied in teaching for other practical courses to improve current practices. Thus, teachers are proposed to use this method to improve students’ knowledge in automotive and to develop skills for the current and future workforce.

  12. Methylphenidate decreased the amount of glucose needed by the brain to perform a cognitive task.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora D Volkow

    Full Text Available The use of stimulants (methylphenidate and amphetamine as cognitive enhancers by the general public is increasing and is controversial. It is still unclear how they work or why they improve performance in some individuals but impair it in others. To test the hypothesis that stimulants enhance signal to noise ratio of neuronal activity and thereby reduce cerebral activity by increasing efficiency, we measured the effects of methylphenidate on brain glucose utilization in healthy adults. We measured brain glucose metabolism (using Positron Emission Tomography and 2-deoxy-2[18F]fluoro-D-glucose in 23 healthy adults who were tested at baseline and while performing an accuracy-controlled cognitive task (numerical calculations given with and without methylphenidate (20 mg, oral. Sixteen subjects underwent a fourth scan with methylphenidate but without cognitive stimulation. Compared to placebo methylphenidate significantly reduced the amount of glucose utilized by the brain when performing the cognitive task but methylphenidate did not affect brain metabolism when given without cognitive stimulation. Whole brain metabolism when the cognitive task was given with placebo increased 21% whereas with methylphenidate it increased 11% (50% less. This reflected both a decrease in magnitude of activation and in the regions activated by the task. Methylphenidate's reduction of the metabolic increases in regions from the default network (implicated in mind-wandering was associated with improvement in performance only in subjects who activated these regions when the cognitive task was given with placebo. These results corroborate prior findings that stimulant medications reduced the magnitude of regional activation to a task and in addition document a "focusing" of the activation. This effect may be beneficial when neuronal resources are diverted (i.e., mind-wandering or impaired (i.e., attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, but it could be detrimental when

  13. Performance in face perception task is decreased in observers with colour-grapheme synaesthesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Thomas Alrik

    associations between areas processing colour and visual word forms on a cognitive function, namely face perception, that has bee related to similar brain areas (Kanwisher, McDermott, & Chun, 1997) and thus, may be influenced if colour‐grapheme synaesthets have more elaborate colourgrapheme associations...... in these areas. Using the Cambridge Face Perception Task (Duchaine, Germine, & Nakayama, 2007) we find that Observers with colour‐grapheme synaesthesia in fact have decreased performance in face perception compared to Observers without synaesthesia. This suggests that an increased association between colours...

  14. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  15. Student Assessment System. Student Performance Record. Task Detailing. Cosmetology. Georgia Vocational Education Program Articulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This booklet lists tasks and functions the cosmetology student should be able to do upon entering an employment situation or a postsecondary school. (Listings are also available for the areas of allied health occupations/practical nursing and transportation/automotive mechanics.) Tasks are coded to correspond to those on the Student Performance…

  16. INTERESTING TASKS, INDEPENDENCE OR IMPORTANCE TO SOCIETY? - THE VOCATIONAL EXPECTATIONS OF GENERATION Y

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsten Wüst

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Choosing a profession is complex and often affects many areas of one’s future life. In a representative study we analyzed data of 4,447 German adolescents, aged seventeen, who were interviewed in the years between 2000 and 2013. The aim of the study was to identify the effects of gender, school type, personality and leisure activities on vocational expectations and career-choice stages of generation Y. Especially, it was of interest which effect remained as a generational time effect after controlling for the named variables. For the analysis we used descriptive statistics with rank orders and mean values as well as linear and logistic regression analyses. Engagement in different leisure activities, gender and form of education all greatly affect the perceived importance of profession characteristics. While young women and students from German grammar schools rank “stimulating tasks” first, young men and students from all other school forms feel that a “secure position” is the most important. Also, personality factors influence the perceived importance of vocational features, with agreeable and extravert adolescents rating “contact to others”, “importance to society”, “helping others” and similar features significantly higher. After controlling for the named variables, there remained a significant correlation between the survey year and the term “secure position” which became less important, and the terms “working conditions”, “importance for society” and “helping others” all three of which became more important. A trend towards a higher valuation of one’s individual social responsibility can thus be noticed.

  17. Oxytocin Decreases Aversion to Angry Faces in an Associative Learning Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Simon; Shergill, Sukhwinder S; Averbeck, Bruno B

    2010-01-01

    Social and financial considerations are often integrated when real life decisions are made, and recent studies have provided evidence that similar brain networks are engaged when either social or financial information is integrated. Other studies, however, have suggested that the neuropeptide oxytocin can specifically affect social behaviors, which would suggest separable mechanisms at the pharmacological level. Thus, we examined the hypothesis that oxytocin would specifically affect social and not financial information in a decision making task, in which participants learned which of the two faces, one smiling and the other angry or sad, was most often being rewarded. We found that oxytocin specifically decreased aversion to angry faces, without affecting integration of positive or negative financial feedback or choices related to happy vs sad faces. PMID:20844475

  18. LIFELONG VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN KOREA: THE VISION AND TASKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Sun Chung

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The ideal TVET from the HRD perspectives should assist the acquisition of knowledge and qualities in individuals for their career pursuits, which are the most commonly, recognized objectives of lifelong learning. Korean government during economic development era has failed to provide detailed information about the change in future labour demand has caused difficulties for education and training providers to adjust themselves. In its transformation to an advanced, knowledge-based economy, Korea must analyze its education system – not only from the supply side, but also from the demand side. A knowledge-based society is marked by an increase in the economic value of knowledge, a shortened life cycle of knowledge, an explosive increase in knowledge, and the increasing relative importance of knowledge workers. In order to cope with these changes, HRD should be facilitated throughout the course of one's life by means of the systematization of lifelong learning, equalization of opportunities in lifelong learning, localization of lifelong learning, creation  of a data base for lifelong learning, and networking among lifelong learning systems as facilitated through the Lifelong Education Law. It is clear that Korea’s VET has greatly contributed to economic and social developments in the past, but with the advent of the knowledge based economy and unprecedented global competition, Korea is facing really profound changes and is in need of a paradigmatic shift in vocational education and training.

  19. A Gesture Recognition System to Transition Autonomously through Vocational Tasks for Individuals with Cognitive Impairments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yao-Jen; Chen, Shu-Fang; Chuang, An-Fu

    2011-01-01

    This study assessed the possibility of training two individuals with cognitive impairments using a Kinect-based task prompting system. This study was carried out according to an ABAB sequence in which A represented the baseline and B represented intervention phases. Data showed that the two participants significantly increased their target…

  20. 高职任务驱动教材开发研究%On the Development of Task-driven Textbooks in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙颖

    2015-01-01

    本文旨在研究高职任务驱动型教材的具体模式,及教材内容的可读性和教材的可用性。对目前市面上任务驱动教材编写模式进行改进,研究出更适合现代高职学生特点的教材。%This paper aims to study vocational specific task-driven teaching mode, and the availability of teaching materials readability and content. Currently on the market for task-driven teaching mode, it improves the writing and develops more suitable modern teaching characteristics for vocational students.

  1. Using Task Clarification, Goal Setting, and Feedback to Decrease Table Busing Times in a Franchise Pizza Restaurant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amigo, Seth; Smith, Andrew; Ludwig, Timothy

    2008-01-01

    The current study investigated the effects of task-clarification, and manager verbal and graphic feedback on employee busing times at a pizza restaurant. Using an ABC design, task-clarification was provided in a memo, which described the process, priority, and goal time of busing. The busing time decreased slightly, from an average of 315 seconds…

  2. Individuation instructions decrease the Cross-Race Effect in a face matching task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2015-09-01

    Conclusions: Individuation instructions are an effective moderator of the CRE even within a face matching paradigm. Since unfamiliar face matching tasks most closely simulate document verification tasks, specifically passport screening, instructional techniques such as these may improve task performance within applied settings of significant practical importance.

  3. 浅谈高职高等数学的任务驱动教学法%Talking about Task-driven Pedagogy in Vocational College Advanced Mathematics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何玉华; 汪洋

    2014-01-01

    Most of the existing vocational mathematics teaching is"teaching"fixed"learning"teaching mode, teaching stat-us and teaching effectiveness worrying. The basic characteristics of task-driven teaching are task-oriented line, teacher-led and student-centered"three for one"pedagogy. This paper talks about the applications of vocational teaching task-driven tea-ching method in vocational advanced mathematics teaching.%现行高职数学教学大多是以“教”定“学”的教学模式,教学现状和教学效果堪忧。而任务驱动教学的基本特征是:以任务为主线、教师为主导和学生为主体的“三为一体”的教学法。本文浅谈任务驱动教学法在高职高数教学的应用。

  4. [Cinema and professional vocation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Sánchez, José Elías

    2011-01-01

    Commercial cinema is both narrative art and a widely-used mass medium that is built upon human stories. Among the contents of these stories there are many vocational aspects. Taking advantage of these circumstances we will proceed to analyze health vocations through eight films. Patch Adams allows us to approach the fulfillment of vocation, which has not been an easy task for women, as we can see in Allá en el setenta y tantos. Vocational fulfillment is at the core of the plot in The Citadel. Something the Lord Made is a good example to illustrate an unfulfilled vocation, in the same way as Awakenings and Arrowsmith represent the fulfillment of an unexpected vocation and a long pursued one. Finally, vocation can demand great sacrifices, which is made crystal clear in Korczak, and when vocation is not strictly followed it might lead to the greatest abominations, which is the case in "The Fugitive. "

  5. Following ergonomics guidelines decreases physical and cardiovascular workload during cleaning tasks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samani, Afshin; Søgaard, Karen; Holtermann, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    the task with or without focusing on ergonomics guidelines (ergonomics/non-ergonomics session). Bipolar surface electromyography was recorded bilaterally from upper trapezius and erector spinae muscles. A tri-axial accelerometer package was mounted on the low back (L5-S1) to measure postural changes......The aim was to investigate the effect of ergonomics guidelines on muscular activity, postural and cardiovascular load during cleaning. Eighteen cleaners performed 10 min of cleaning tasks in two locations; three min in a laboratory and seven min in a lecture room. All participants performed...

  6. Decreased frontal, striatal and cerebellar activation in adults with ADHD during an adaptive delay discounting task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz, Nick; Parsons, Aisling; Whelan, Robert; Brennan, Katie; Agan, Maria L F; O'Connell, Redmond; Bramham, Jessica; Garavan, Hugh

    2015-01-01

    An important characteristic of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a bias towards small immediate versus larger delayed rewards, but it is not known if this symptom is also a feature of adult ADHD. A delay-discounting task was administered to participants with adult ADHD and a comparison group in conjunction with functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants responded to a series of questions that required judgments between small sums of money available immediately and larger sums obtained after a temporal delay. Question parameters were adjusted by an adaptive algorithm designed to converge on each participant's discounting indifference point, an individual set point at which there is equal valuation of both choices. In all participants, robust task activation was observed in regions previously identified in functional imaging studies of delay discounting. However, adults with ADHD showed less task activation in a number of regions including the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, superior frontal gyrus, anterior cingulate, caudate nucleus and declive of the cerebellum. Additionally, the degree to which a participant discounted delayed rewards was inversely related to task activation in the cerebellum. The results suggest that the bias towards immediate rewards in childhood ADHD may not persist behaviorally, but instead present in adulthood as alterations in frontostriatal and frontocerebellar networks.

  7. Decreased Functional Brain Activation in Friedreich Ataxia Using the Simon Effect Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiou-Karistianis, N.; Akhlaghi, H.; Corben, L. A.; Delatycki, M. B.; Storey, E.; Bradshaw, J. L.; Egan, G. F.

    2012-01-01

    The present study applied the Simon effect task to examine the pattern of functional brain reorganization in individuals with Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Thirteen individuals with FRDA and 14 age and sex matched controls participated, and were required to respond to either congruent or incongruent…

  8. Blending Functional Communication Training and Choice Making to Improve Task Engagement and Decrease Problem Behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Stephanie M. Peck; Caniglia, Cyndi; Royster, Amy Jo; Macfarlane, Emily; Plowman, Kristen; Baird, Sally Jo; Wu, Nadia

    2005-01-01

    This study evaluated the effects of choice making within functional communication training (FCT) to increase the task engagement of two participants with inappropriate behaviour. Pretreatment functional analyses indicated that both participants' inappropriate behaviour was maintained by escape. For one of the participants, inappropriate behaviour…

  9. Decreased Modulation of EEG Oscillations in High-Functioning Autism during a Motor Control Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewen, Joshua B.; Lakshmanan, Balaji M.; Pillai, Ajay S.; McAuliffe, Danielle; Nettles, Carrie; Hallett, Mark; Crone, Nathan E.; Mostofsky, Stewart H.

    2016-01-01

    Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are thought to result in part from altered cortical excitatory-inhibitory balance; this pathophysiology may impact the generation of oscillations on electroencephalogram (EEG). We investigated premotor-parietal cortical physiology associated with praxis, which has strong theoretical and empirical associations with ASD symptomatology. Twenty five children with high-functioning ASD (HFA) and 33 controls performed a praxis task involving the pantomiming of tool use, while EEG was recorded. We assessed task-related modulation of signal power in alpha and beta frequency bands. Compared with controls, subjects with HFA showed 27% less left central (motor/premotor) beta (18–22 Hz) event-related desynchronization (ERD; p = 0.030), as well as 24% less left parietal alpha (7–13 Hz) ERD (p = 0.046). Within the HFA group, blunting of central ERD attenuation was associated with impairments in clinical measures of praxis imitation (r = −0.4; p = 0.04) and increased autism severity (r = 0.48; p = 0.016). The modulation of central beta activity is associated, among other things, with motor imagery, which may be necessary for imitation. Impaired imitation has been associated with core features of ASD. Altered modulation of oscillatory activity may be mechanistically involved in those aspects of motor network function that relate to the core symptoms of ASD. PMID:27199719

  10. Decreased Modulation of EEG Oscillations in High-Functioning Autism During a Motor Control Task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Benjamin Ewen

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Autism spectrum disorders (ASD are thought to result in part from altered cortical excitatory-inhibitory balance; this pathophysiology may impact the generation of oscillations on EEG. We investigated premotor-parietal cortical physiology associated with praxis, which has strong theoretical and empirical associations with ASD symptomatology. 25 children with high-functioning ASD (HFA and 33 controls performed a praxis task involving the pantomiming of tool use, while EEG was recorded. We assessed task-related modulation of signal power in alpha and beta frequency bands. Compared with controls, subjects with HFA showed 27% less left central (motor/premotor beta (18-22 Hz event-related desynchronization (ERD (p = 0.030, as well as 24% less left parietal alpha (7-13 Hz ERD (p = 0.046. Within the HFA group, blunting of central ERD attenuation was associated with impairments in clinical measures of praxis imitation (r = -0.4; p = 0.04 and increased autism severity (r = 0.48; p = 0.016. The modulation of central beta activity is associated, among other things, with motor imagery, which may be necessary for imitation. Impaired imitation has been associated with core features of ASD. Altered modulation of oscillatory activity may be mechanistically involved in those aspects of motor network function that relate to the core symptoms of ASD.

  11. From Special Tasks to Extensive Roles: The Changing Face of Special Needs Teachers in Finnish Vocational Further Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirttimaa, Raija; Hirvonen, Maija

    2016-01-01

    Following the development of inclusive education in vocational education and training (VET), the discussion about the prevention of marginalisation and dropouts has increased. At the same time, the formal education system has strengthened the position of support services, such as special educational needs (SEN) teachers, social workers and…

  12. Cognitive efficiency on a match to sample task decreases at the onset of puberty in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGivern, Robert F; Andersen, Julie; Byrd, Desiree; Mutter, Kandis L; Reilly, Judy

    2002-10-01

    Electrocortical evidence indicates that a wave of synaptic proliferation occurs in the frontal lobes around the age of puberty onset. To study its potential influence on cognition, we examined 246 children (10-17 years) and 49 young adults (18-22 years) using a match-to-sample type of task to measure reaction times to assess emotionally related information. Based upon the instruction set, subjects made a yes/no decision about the emotion expressed in a face, a word, or a face/word combination presented tachistoscopically for 100 ms. The faces were images of a single individual with a happy, angry, sad or neutral expression. The words were 'happy,' 'angry,' 'sad,' or 'neutral,' In the combined stimulus condition, subjects were asked to decide if the face and word matched for the same emotion. Results showed that compared to the previous year, reaction times were significantly slower for making a correct decision at 11 and 12 years of age in girls and boys, the approximate ages of puberty onset. The peripubertal rise in reaction time declined slowly over the following 2-3 years and stabilized by 15 years of age. Analyses of the performance of 15-17 year olds revealed significantly longer reaction times in females to process both faces and words compared to males. However, this sex difference in late puberty appeared to be transient since it was not present in 18-22 year olds. Given the match-to-sample nature of the task employed, the puberty related increases in reaction time may reflect a relative inefficiency in frontal circuitry prior to the pruning of excess synaptic contacts.

  13. Attention to irrelevant contexts decreases as training increases: Evidence from eye-fixations in a human predictive learning task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aristizabal, José A; Ramos-Álvarez, Manuel M; Callejas-Aguilera, José E; Rosas, Juan M

    2016-03-01

    Participants were trained in a human predictive learning task in which they had to predict whether the ingestion of a given food (cue) by the imaginary customer of an imaginary restaurant (context) was followed by gastric malaise (outcome). One food was always followed by gastric malaise in one of the contexts, while other foods were not followed by gastric malaise in the same, or in an alternative context. Predictive responses and eye-fixations were recorded throughout the 48 training trials with each cue involved in the task. In agreement with the predictions of the Attentional Theory of Context Processing, attention to the contexts measured through eye-fixations decreased while attention to the cues increased as training progressed. The results of this study give support to the idea that contexts are actively processed at the beginning of acquisition, and that this processing decreases as training increases.

  14. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills in Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    2015-01-01

    Through case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark, this paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study includes manual, complex and automated production procedures. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have...... focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper...... concludes that much more focus on the development of vocational education and vocational skills is needed in Denmark, the U.K, the U.S. and in China for employees to be equipped to handle future automated and advanced production systems....

  15. Study on Writing Task Design in Vocational College English Classes%高职公共英语写作任务设计探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张妍一

    2012-01-01

      There are four basic skills when learning English--listening, speaking, reading and writing. As one of the productive skills, writing is always neglected by vocational college students, thus becoming their weakest of the four skills. Considering the teaching environment and the learning habits of vocational college students, this paper studies the design of writing tasks in and after college English classes, aiming to enhance students' interest of writing, develop their ideas and improve the writing skills.%  在英语学习“听、说、读、写”四项语言技能中,高职学生普遍忽视产出性技能“写作”,因此其成为语言技能中最薄弱的环节。本文根据高职学生所处的教学环境和学习特点,运用任务引领教学模式,设计公共英语课内及课外写作任务,以增强学生写作兴趣,拓展思路,提高其写作能力。

  16. The nature of impulsivity: visual exposure to natural environments decreases impulsive decision-making in a delay discounting task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Meredith S; Sweeney, Mary M; Morath, Justice; Odum, Amy L; Jordan, Kerry E

    2014-01-01

    The benefits of visual exposure to natural environments for human well-being in areas of stress reduction, mood improvement, and attention restoration are well documented, but the effects of natural environments on impulsive decision-making remain unknown. Impulsive decision-making in delay discounting offers generality, predictive validity, and insight into decision-making related to unhealthy behaviors. The present experiment evaluated differences in such decision-making in humans experiencing visual exposure to one of the following conditions: natural (e.g., mountains), built (e.g., buildings), or control (e.g., triangles) using a delay discounting task that required participants to choose between immediate and delayed hypothetical monetary outcomes. Participants viewed the images before and during the delay discounting task. Participants were less impulsive in the condition providing visual exposure to natural scenes compared to built and geometric scenes. Results suggest that exposure to natural environments results in decreased impulsive decision-making relative to built environments.

  17. Task- based Language Teaching Approaches in Higher Vocational Education%探析高职高专英语课程“任务型”教学法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨竹; 蒋琳; 陈琳

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces and analyzes the major approaches to foreign language teaching, on the basis of which the combination of the task - based language teaching approach and the English curriculum reform in higher vocational education is put forward. Besides, the preliminary study on the design of new courses is conducted.%本文介绍、分析了我国主要外语教学法,并在此基础上提出将“任务型”教学法与高职高专英语课程改革相结合,还对新的课程设计做出了初步思考。

  18. Association between dual task-related decrease in walking speed and real versus imagined Timed Up and Go test performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridenbaugh, Stephanie A; Beauchet, Olivier; Annweiler, Cédric; Allali, Gilles; Herrmann, François; Kressig, Reto W

    2013-06-01

    To examine whether older people with markedly dual task-related decreases in walking speed - a marker of disturbed higher-level gait control and falls - have a larger discrepancy between real and imagined Timed Up and Go (TUG) test times than those with less dual task-related decreases in walking speed. Based on a prospective cross-sectional study, 193 older adults (mean age 77.4 ± 5.9 years; 44.0 % women) referred to and consecutively assessed at a Swiss university clinic for a gait analysis to assess either gait disorders, fall risk or memory disorders were included. For all participants, walking speed was measured using a GAITRite(®) electronic walkway system during usual walking at self-selected pace and while dual tasking (i.e., usual walking and simultaneously counting backwards out loud). In addition, real Timed Up and Go (TUGr) and imagined Timed Up and Go (TUGi) (i.e., the time needed to imagine performing the TUGr) times were measured with a stopwatch. Differences between both walking conditions for walking speed (delta of walking speed) and both TUG conditions (delta of TUG time) were calculated. Age, gender, height, total number drugs taken per day, daily use of psychoactive drugs, use of walking aid, history of falls, Mini-Mental State Examination score, near vision and education level were used as covariables in this analysis. Participants were categorized into two groups based on being in the lowest tertian (i.e., times were similar (P = .169 and P = .839). In both groups, TUGi was faster than TUGr (P time was significantly greater in group B compared to group A (P time (P = time, whereas an increased MMSE score (P = .030) was associated with a decrease in delta of TUG time. These findings show that a large discrepancy between real and imagined TUG performances is significantly correlated with a decrease in walking speed while dual tasking, and thus may also be a surrogate marker of disturbed higher-level gait control. The

  19. Student Assessment System. Student Performance Record. Task Detailing. Allied Health Occupations/Practical Nursing. Georgia Vocational Education Program Articulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This booklet lists tasks and functions the health occupations student should be able to do upon entering an employment situation or a postsecondary school. (Listings are also available for the areas of cosmetology and transportation/automotive mechanics.) Tasks are coded to correspond to those on the Student Performance Record, which details a…

  20. The nature of impulsivity: visual exposure to natural environments decreases impulsive decision-making in a delay discounting task.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meredith S Berry

    Full Text Available The benefits of visual exposure to natural environments for human well-being in areas of stress reduction, mood improvement, and attention restoration are well documented, but the effects of natural environments on impulsive decision-making remain unknown. Impulsive decision-making in delay discounting offers generality, predictive validity, and insight into decision-making related to unhealthy behaviors. The present experiment evaluated differences in such decision-making in humans experiencing visual exposure to one of the following conditions: natural (e.g., mountains, built (e.g., buildings, or control (e.g., triangles using a delay discounting task that required participants to choose between immediate and delayed hypothetical monetary outcomes. Participants viewed the images before and during the delay discounting task. Participants were less impulsive in the condition providing visual exposure to natural scenes compared to built and geometric scenes. Results suggest that exposure to natural environments results in decreased impulsive decision-making relative to built environments.

  1. Using Video Modeling Delivered through iPods to Teach Vocational Tasks to Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellems, Ryan O.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using video modeling delivered through a Portable media player (video iPod) as a means of teaching three job-related tasks to four young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in a community-based employment setting. The videos used in the study were enhanced by adding written…

  2. The Application of Task-based Teaching Method in the Teaching of Tourism English in Higher Vocational Colleges%任务型教学法在高职旅游英语教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡翠梅

    2015-01-01

    Combined with the practical teaching of tourism English courses in higher vocational colleges,this paper has dis-cussed the current situation of tourism English teaching and summarized the advantages of the task based teaching method in the teaching of tourism English.It also concluded the demands on teachers and the teaching strategies of the task-based teaching method of tourism English courses in Higher vocational colleges.%结合高职院校旅游英语课程教学实践,论述了高职旅游英语教学现状,归纳了任务型教学法在高职旅游英语教学方面的优势,总结了任务型教学法对教师的要求和高职旅游英语课程任务型教学的教学策略。

  3. 任务驱动教学法在高职数学课堂教学中的应用%Application of Task-driven Teaching Methods in the Higher Vocational Mathematics Class Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭庆英

    2012-01-01

    针对高职数学教学中存在的问题,提出了在高职数学教学中使用任务驱动教学法的必要性,讨论了在高职数学教学中实施任务驱动教学法的策略。使用了任务驱动教学法后的教学得到了很明显的效果。%According to the problems of the higher vocational mathematics teaching,it raised the need of using the task-driven teaching methods in higher vocational mathematics teaching,discussed its implementation strategy.We got obvious effect after the application of task-driven teaching methods.

  4. Costs of control: decreased motor cortex engagement during a Go/NoGo task in Tourette's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomalla, Götz; Jonas, Melanie; Bäumer, Tobias; Siebner, Hartwig R; Biermann-Ruben, Katja; Ganos, Christos; Orth, Michael; Hummel, Friedhelm C; Gerloff, Christian; Müller-Vahl, Kirsten; Schnitzler, Alfons; Münchau, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Gilles de la Tourette syndrome is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by an impaired ability to inhibit unwanted behaviour. Although the presence of chronic motor and vocal tics defines Tourette's syndrome, other distinctive behavioural features like echo- and coprophenomena, and non-obscene socially inappropriate behaviour are also core features. We investigated neuronal activation during stimulus-driven execution and inhibition of prepared movements in Tourette's syndrome. To this end, we performed event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging and structural diffusion tensor imaging in 15 moderately affected uncomplicated patients with 'pure' Tourette's syndrome and 15 healthy control participants matched for age and gender. Subjects underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging during a Go/NoGo reaction time task. They had to withhold a prepared finger movement for a variable time until a stimulus instructed them to either execute (Go) or inhibit it (NoGo). Tics were monitored throughout the experiments, combining surface electromyogram, video recording, and clinical assessment in the scanner. Patients with Tourette's syndrome had longer reaction times than healthy controls in Go trials and made more errors in total. Their functional brain activation was decreased in left primary motor cortex and secondary motor areas during movement execution (Go trials) but not during response inhibition (NoGo trials) compared with healthy control subjects. Volume of interest analysis demonstrated less task-related activation in patients with Tourette's syndrome in primary and secondary motor cortex bilaterally, but not in the basal ganglia and cortical non-motor areas. They showed reduced co-activation between the left primary sensory-motor hand area and a network of contralateral sensory-motor areas and ipsilateral cerebellar regions. There were no between-group differences in structural connectivity of the left primary sensory-motor cortex as measured by

  5. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of…

  6. A Spotlight on Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    Announced by government in "New Challenges, New Chances" in December 2011, the sector-led Commission on Adult Vocational Teaching and Learning has been tasked with raising the quality, and improving the outcomes and impact, of adult vocational teaching and learning for learners and employers. It is a commission focused on the future--of people,…

  7. Exploration of Task-Based Learning in Higher Vocational Education%网络环境下任务驱动的高职课堂教学初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田文

    2012-01-01

      This research aims to enrich and develop the teaching theory of task-based learning model in network environment, while teaching a set of actionable steps for the vocational teachers in the network environment, providing task-based teaching and learning activities at the operational level methodological guidance, to enhance the vocational classroom teaching, improving students practical ability, autonomous learning, innovation and collaboration. Further promote the reform of Higher Vocational Education.%  本研究旨在丰富发展网络环境下任务驱动式教学模式的理论研究,同时提出一套可操作的教学实施步骤,为高职教师开展网络环境下任务驱动式教学活动提供操作层面上的方法指导,以提高高职课堂教学效果,提高高职学生实际动手能力,培养学生自主学习能力、创新能力及协作能力。进而促进高职教学改革。

  8. Effect of a vocationally-focused brief cognitive behavioural intervention on employment-related outcomes for individuals with mood and anxiety disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Sean A; Boyd, Geoffrey M; Bieling, Peter; Pike, Shannon; Kazarian-Keith, Dawnna

    2008-01-01

    Despite an increasing emphasis on the importance of vocational success to the quality of life of individuals with mental illness (Bond, Drake, & Becker, 2008), minimal work has examined the impact of cognitive behavioural interventions that focus on vocational stressors. Vocational stressors commonly faced by persons with mental illness include difficulties with work task completion, obtaining employment, and coping with interpersonal stressors (Becker et al., 1998). The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effectiveness of a brief cognitive behavioural therapy group intervention that targets vocational stressors for individuals whose vocational functioning had been significantly impacted by mental illness. Participants included 16 individuals with mood and anxiety disorder diagnoses. After this intervention, it was found that employed persons reported an improved sense of mastery in the completion of work tasks, improved satisfaction with work supervision, and decreased satisfaction with advancement and job security. Unemployed participants reported improved expectancy for employment success.

  9. A Discussion on the Application of Task-based Language Teaching in Higher Vocational College English Teaching%浅析任务型教学法在高职英语教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾

    2014-01-01

    任务型教学法是一种以学生为中心,以完成任务为目标,培养学生综合运用语言能力的教学方法。文章阐述了任务型教学法的定义,分析了这种新型的教学法对高职英语教学发展的促进意义,并且探讨了任务型教学法在高职英语教学中的具体操作。%Task-based language teaching is a student-centered teaching method which can be applied to higher vocational college English teaching to cultivate students’ integrated language skills by fulfilling various tasks. This paper puts forwards task-based language teaching, and then analyzes the significances of the new teaching method and the operation of task-based language teaching in higher vo-cational college English teaching.

  10. 任务型教学法在中职英语阅读课中的应用%Application of Task-based Teaching Method in Secondary Vocational English Reading Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林英波

    2016-01-01

    With the comprehensive promotion of new curriculum standards, the traditional teaching mode has been unable to adapt to the new teaching situation, so the traditional teaching mode should be upgraded to inject fresh blood. English as a lan-guage of communication. Therefore, it is necessary to abandon the traditional verbatim teaching mode, this paper of task based language teaching in Secondary Vocational English reading class in the application as the research content, from the difference between the concept of task-based teaching and traditional teaching, task-based teaching method applied to secondary voca-tional English Reading Teaching significance and task based language teaching in Secondary Vocational English reading class in the specific application of this three aspects of in-depth analysis and research.%随着新课标的全面推广,传统的教学模式已经不能适应新的教学形势,因此需要将传统的教学模式进行升级改造,注入新鲜的血液。英语作为语言具有交际性,因此需要摈弃传统的逐字逐句的教学模式,本文对任务型教学在中职英语阅读课中的应用为研究内容,从任务型教学概念与传统教学的区别,将任务型教学方法运用到中职英语阅读课教学中的意义和任务型教学在中职英语阅读课中的具体运用这三方面进行深入的分析和研究。

  11. Environmental enrichment and working memory tasks decrease hippocampal cell proliferation after wheel running--A role for the prefrontal cortex in hippocampal plasticity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefers, Andrea T U

    2015-10-22

    Despite an increasing amount of evidence about the regulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis on the local level, less attention has been paid to its systemic embedding in wider brain circuits. The aim of the present study was to obtain evidence for a potential role of the prefrontal cortex in the regulation of adult hippocampal neurogenesis. We hypothesised that activation of the prefrontal cortex by environmental enrichment or a working-memory task would decrease previously enhanced cell proliferation rates. Wheel running was applied as a common stimulator of cell proliferation in CD1 mice reared under deprivation of natural environmental stimulation. Next, the animals were assigned to four groups for different treatments in the following three days: housing under continued deprivation, environmental enrichment, a spatial-delayed alternation task in an automated T-maze that activates the prefrontal cortex by working-memory requirements or a control task in the automated T-maze differing only in the single parameter working-memory-associated delay. Both the environmental enrichment and spatial-delayed alternation tasks decreased cell proliferation rates in the dentate gyrus compared to deprived housing and the control task in the T-maze. As the control animals underwent the same procedures and stressors and differed only in the single parameter working-memory-associated delay, the working-memory requirement seems to be the crucial factor for decreasing cell proliferation rates. Taken together, these results suggest that the prefrontal cortex may play a role in the regulation of hippocampal cell proliferation.

  12. Cerebral blood flow in posterior cortical nodes of the default mode network decreases with task engagement but remains higher than in most brain regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfefferbaum, Adolf; Chanraud, Sandra; Pitel, Anne-Lise; Müller-Oehring, Eva; Shankaranarayanan, Ajit; Alsop, David C; Rohlfing, Torsten; Sullivan, Edith V

    2011-01-01

    Functional neuroimaging studies provide converging evidence for existence of intrinsic brain networks activated during resting states and deactivated with selective cognitive demands. Whether task-related deactivation of the default mode network signifies depressed activity relative to the remaining brain or simply lower activity relative to its resting state remains controversial. We employed 3D arterial spin labeling imaging to examine regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) during rest, a spatial working memory task, and a second rest. Change in regional CBF from rest to task showed significant normalized and absolute CBF reductions in posterior cingulate, posterior-inferior precuneus, and medial frontal lobes . A Statistical Parametric Mapping connectivity analysis, with an a priori seed in the posterior cingulate cortex, produced deactivation connectivity patterns consistent with the classic "default mode network" and activation connectivity anatomically consistent with engagement in visuospatial tasks. The large task-related CBF decrease in posterior-inferior precuneus relative to its anterior and middle portions adds evidence for the precuneus' heterogeneity. The posterior cingulate and posterior-inferior precuneus were also regions of the highest CBF at rest and during task performance. The difference in regional CBF between intrinsic (resting) and evoked (task) activity levels may represent functional readiness or reserve vulnerable to diminution by conditions affecting perfusion.

  13. Performance of repetitive tasks induces decreased grip strength and increased fibrogenic proteins in skeletal muscle: role of force and inflammation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samir M Abdelmagid

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: This study elucidates exposure-response relationships between performance of repetitive tasks, grip strength declines, and fibrogenic-related protein changes in muscles, and their link to inflammation. Specifically, we examined forearm flexor digitorum muscles for changes in connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; a matrix protein associated with fibrosis, collagen type I (Col1; a matrix component, and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1; an upstream modulator of CTGF and collagen, in rats performing one of two repetitive tasks, with or without anti-inflammatory drugs. METHODOLOGY/RESULTS: To examine the roles of force versus repetition, rats performed either a high repetition negligible force food retrieval task (HRNF, or a high repetition high force handle-pulling task (HRHF, for up to 9 weeks, with results compared to trained only (TR-NF or TR-HF and normal control rats. Grip strength declined with both tasks, with the greatest declines in 9-week HRHF rats. Quantitative PCR (qPCR analyses of HRNF muscles showed increased expression of Col1 in weeks 3-9, and CTGF in weeks 6 and 9. Immunohistochemistry confirmed PCR results, and also showed greater increases of CTGF and collagen matrix in 9-week HRHF rats than 9-week HRNF rats. ELISA, and immunohistochemistry revealed greater increases of TGFB1 in TR-HF and 6-week HRHF, compared to 6-week HRNF rats. To examine the role of inflammation, results from 6-week HRHF rats were compared to rats receiving ibuprofen or anti-TNF-α treatment in HRHF weeks 4-6. Both treatments attenuated HRHF-induced increases in CTGF and fibrosis by 6 weeks of task performance. Ibuprofen attenuated TGFB1 increases and grip strength declines, matching our prior results with anti-TNFα. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Performance of highly repetitive tasks was associated with force-dependent declines in grip strength and increased fibrogenic-related proteins in flexor digitorum muscles. These changes were

  14. Hispanic Youth--Dropout Prevention. Report of the Task Force on the Participation of Hispanic Students in Vocational Education Programs = La Joventud Hispana. Reporte del Grupo Especial. La Investigacion de la Participacion de los Estudiantes Hispanos en la Educacion Relativa a la Vocacion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise. Div. of Vocational Education.

    An Idaho task force of Hispanic Americans, industry representatives, and education leaders studied the reasons Hispanic students were not enrolling in and completing vocational education programs. The task force sponsored a series of community meetings to identify reasons and solutions. Approximately 40-60 parents, students, and other interested…

  15. Hispanic Youth--Dropout Prevention. Report of the Task Force on the Participation of Hispanic Students in Vocational Education Programs = La Joventud Hispana. Reporte del Grupo Especial. La Investigacion de la Participacion de los Estudiantes Hispanos en la Educacion Relativa a la Vocacion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idaho State Dept. of Education, Boise. Div. of Vocational Education.

    An Idaho task force of Hispanic Americans, industry representatives, and education leaders studied the reasons Hispanic students were not enrolling in and completing vocational education programs. The task force sponsored a series of community meetings to identify reasons and solutions. Approximately 40-60 parents, students, and other interested…

  16. 任务教学法在高职英语教学中的应用研究%The application of task teaching in higher vocational English teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋振勇

    2015-01-01

    高职英语精读教学的主要目的是着重培养学生的美语语言能力和综合应用能力。英语教学中任务型教学法是指教师给学生安排一定的学习任务,以具体的任务为学习目标,通过师生、生生互动共同完成任务,参与语言学习,培养语言交际能力和综合语言运用能力的一种教学模式。任务型教学强调建立清晰的教学目的,并以发挥学生的学习主体性为出发点。本文通过简要介绍任务型教学方法在高职英语教学中的重要性,进而提出了任务型教学在高职英语中的具体应用实例。%The main purpose of the higher vocational English intensive reading teaching is: develop the students' English language ability and the comprehensive application ability. In English teaching, task-based teaching method is to point to arrange some learning tasks, teachers give students with specific tasks for learning objectives, through the interaction between students and teachers together to complete the task, participate in language learning, cultivating language communicative competence and comprehensive language using ability of a kind of teaching mode. Task-based teaching emphasizes to establish a clear teaching objectives, and to exert students' subjectivity as the starting point. In this paper, through a brief introduction to the importance of task-based teaching method in higher vocational English teaching, and then put forward the application of task-based teaching in higher vocational English instance.

  17. 任务型教学在高职英语教学中的应用探析%Analysis on the Application Task-based Teaching in High- er Vocational English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢远成

    2014-01-01

    With the vigorous promotion of higher vocational Eng-lish teaching reform, the traditional teacher-centered teaching model can no longer adapt to the present situation. Task-based teaching method is a learner-centered teaching method that em-phasizes practice. This paper summarized the advent and char-acteristics of task-based teaching method, as well as the princi-ples of designing tasks, aiming to validate that the method can meet the requirements of the present higher vocational English te-aching reform.%高职英语教学改革的大力推进,传统的以老师为中心的教学模式已无法适应当前的形势。任务型教学法是一种以学习者为中心又注重实践的教学法。本文对任务型教学法的产生和特征及设计任务的原则进行了梳理,旨在探究任务型教学法符合当前高职英语教学改革的需求。

  18. 任务驱动教学法在高职院校轮机英语教学中的应用%On Task-based Teaching of Marine Engineering English in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张伟

    2011-01-01

    This paper aims to find out the effectiveness and feasibility of task-based approach to marine engineering English teaching in higher vocational college.It solves the problems of how to improve the English application ability.%本文通过分析高职院校轮机英语课程的教学现状,提出了以任务驱动的方式进行教学,以达到提高非英语专业专业英语教学实效性的目的。

  19. Decreased task duration and unchanged trunk muscle activity in low-back pain patients during stair climbing after back extensor muscle fatigue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Henrik; Østergaard, Gert Værge; Brogner, Heidi Marie

    2014-01-01

    Low-back pain (LBP) is a major problem. Spine control and stability mechanisms are important but the knowledge of these parameters in functions is sparse. 7 healthy / 5 recurrent mild-to-moderate LBP patients participated in assessment of abdominal, lumbar and gluteal muscles' surface EMG and video......- and abdominal muscle activity in healthy than in patients in most phases, but during descend transfer patients activity decreased. In LBP patients back extensor fatigue resulted in decreased muscular activity in the trunk muscles during stair stepping compared to healthy. Decreased duration of the motor tasks...... recording during 10 concurrent stair steps pre / post lumbar extensor muscle exhaustion. Duration of gait tasks were shorter in LBP patients generally and longer during load and shorter during transfer in descend stepping after back extensor fatigue. Back extensor fatigue resulted in higher back...

  20. Rehabilitation Counseling Graduate Students' Preferences for Employment: Agreement between Actual and Perceived Job Tasks of State-Federal Vocational Rehabilitation Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustig, Daniel C.; Strauser, David R.

    2009-01-01

    A national study of rehabilitation counseling graduate students and state-federal rehabilitation counselors investigated whether there were differences between (a) what graduate students preferred to do upon graduation and what they believed vocational rehabilitation counselors did, (b) what graduate students preferred to do upon graduation and…

  1. The Relationship between Degree Type, Certification Status, and Years of Employment and the Amount of Time Spent on Rehabilitation Counseling Tasks in State--Federal Vocational Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustig, Dan C.; Strauser, David R.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between perceived percentage of time spent on particular rehabilitation counseling responsibilities, on one hand, and possession of an educational degree, certification as a rehabilitation counselor (CRC), and years worked for the state--federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) agency, on the…

  2. 任务驱动教学法在中职数学教学中的应用%Application of Task-driven Teaching Approach in Sec- ondary Vocational Mathematics Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟

    2014-01-01

    Task-driven teaching approach is to divide the teach-ing content into several tasks which are used to drive students' autonomous learning in classroom teaching. By this approach, textbook knowledge is embodied in concrete tasks, which is more easily accepted by students. Based on specific teaching cases, this paper explores the procedure and implementation program of applying task-driven teaching mode in secondary vocational mathematics teaching, and summarizes task-driven teaching ap-proach.%在课堂教学中,将教学内容划分为若干个任务,以任务为中心,通过任务驱动学生自主学习,这叫做任务驱动教学法。任务驱动教学法是将书本知识隐含到具体的任务中,使学生更易于接受。本文以具体的教学案例探讨了在中职数学教学中采用任务驱动教学模式进行教学的步骤和实施方案,并对任务驱动教学法进行了总结。

  3. Acupuncture inhibits the decrease in brain catecholamine contents and the impairment of passive avoidance task in ovariectomized mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toriizuka, K; Okumura, M; Iijima, K; Haruyama, K; Cyong, J C

    1999-01-01

    The effects of acupuncture on the disorders elicited by abnormalities of endocrine system were investigated in ovariectomized mice. Female mice (strain; C57BL/6) were ovariectomized (OVX) and acupuncture points, Shenshu ([Japanese pictograph see text] : BL23) on both side of the back were continuously stimulated by subcutaneous needles for 20 days. After completion of experimental sessions, animals were sacrificed and specific brain regions were assayed for catecholamine contents by high performance liquid chromatography with electro chemical detector (ECD-HPLC). The mitogenic activities of splenic lymphocytes were measured by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTS) assay and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) assay. Furthermore, the effects of needle stimulation on learning and memory ability were studied by the step-through type passive avoidance test. Norepinephrine and dopamine contents in the frontoparietal cerebral cortex, ventral hippocampus and olfactory bulb were decreased in the OVX group, and both MTS activity and ALP activity were decreased 20 days after ovariectomy. The mean latent period was also shortened in the passive avoidance test in the OVX group. However, applying needle stimulation increased norepinephrine and dopamine contents in the brain regions, and enhanced mitogenic activities of splenic lymphocytes. The stimulation also improved memory-related behavior. It was concluded from this study that after mice were stimulated by subcutaneous needle insertion, overall changes were observed in central nervous system (including retention of memory) and immune functions. The study suggests that acupuncture improves the memory loss and decrease of immune responses accompanying aging and/or menopause, and the that it may have an important role in medical care for the elderly.

  4. Overnight social isolation in pigs decreases salivary cortisol but does not impair spatial learning and memory or performance in a decision making task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Josef evan der Staay

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pigs in modern farming practice may be exposed to a number of stressors, including social stressors such as mixing or isolation. This may potentially affect both cognitive abilities and stress physiology of the animals. We tested the hypothesis that overnight social isolation in pigs impairs performance in a cognitive Holeboard (HB task (Experiment 1 and the Pig Gambling Task (PGT (Experiment 2, a decision making task inspired by the Iowa Gambling Task. In addition, we tested the effect of overnight social isolation on salivary cortisol levels. A within-subjects approach was used in which performance in the two behavioral tasks and cortisol levels were first determined during normal social housing, followed by performance and cortisol levels after experiencing stress induced by overnight social isolation. A total of nineteen female pigs with a birthweight closest to their respective litter average was selected from 10 different litters and placed in two pens after weaning. Following habituation, pigs were trained in the HB task, starting at 10 weeks of age. Then, the pigs were isolated overnight, five individuals per night, at 15, 16 and 17 weeks of age. Between these three isolations, social housing and training in the HB continued. Starting 6 weeks after the end of the HB experiment, at approximately 23 weeks of age, the pigs were trained in the PGT. The effects of overnight social isolation on performance in this task were assessed once, when the pigs were 25 weeks old. Salivary cortisol was measured from samples collected 15 minutes after the start of isolation and at the end of the isolation period, and compared to baseline values collected before the start of social isolation. Our results did not confirm the hypothesis that isolation impaired HB performance and decision making in the PGT. Unexpectedly, overnight social isolation decreased cortisol levels below baseline values, an effect that was not associated with changes in performance

  5. Overnight Social Isolation in Pigs Decreases Salivary Cortisol but Does Not Impair Spatial Learning and Memory or Performance in a Decision-Making Task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Staay, F Josef; Schoonderwoerd, Annelieke J; Stadhouders, Bo; Nordquist, Rebecca E

    2015-01-01

    Pigs in modern farming practice may be exposed to a number of stressors, including social stressors such as mixing or isolation. This may potentially affect both cognitive abilities and stress physiology of the animals. We tested the hypothesis that overnight social isolation in pigs impairs performance in a cognitive holeboard (HB) task (Experiment 1) and the Pig Gambling Task (PGT) (Experiment 2), a decision-making task inspired by the Iowa Gambling Task. In addition, we tested the effect of overnight social isolation on salivary cortisol levels. A within-subjects approach was used in which performance in the two behavioral tasks and cortisol levels were first determined during normal social housing, followed by performance and cortisol levels after experiencing stress induced by overnight social isolation. A total of 19 female pigs with a birth weight closest to their respective litter average was selected from 10 different litters and placed in two pens after weaning. Following habituation, pigs were trained in the HB task, starting at 10 weeks of age. Then, the pigs were isolated overnight, five individuals per night, at 15, 16, and 17 weeks of age. Between these three isolations, social housing and training in the HB continued. Starting 6 weeks after the end of the HB experiment, at approximately 23 weeks of age, the pigs were trained in the PGT. The effects of overnight social isolation on performance in this task were assessed once, when the pigs were 25 weeks old. Salivary cortisol was measured from samples collected 15 min after the start of isolation and at the end of the isolation period and compared to baseline values collected before the start of social isolation. Our results did not confirm the hypothesis that isolation impaired HB performance and decision-making in the PGT. Unexpectedly, overnight social isolation decreased cortisol levels below baseline values, an effect that was not associated with changes in performance of the

  6. 高职英语任务型语言测试的任务设计%Task Design in Tas k-Based Language Assessment in Higher Vocational Institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管媛

    2014-01-01

    从英语任务型语言测试的任务设计中应遵循的原则入手,设计听说读写的测试任务方案可以准确评价学生已获得的语言知识和语言能力,并对今后高职英语任务型语言测试中的任务设计提供更多的依据,以便达到最佳的测试和评估效果。%Starting with the principle of task design in Task-based Language Assessment to be followed, the tasks designed for testing hearing, speaking, reading and writing abilities can accurately evaluate the linguistic knowledge and competence students have already acquired and provide more reference to the task design of TBLA in higher vocational institutes for the purpose of the best testing and assessing effects.

  7. Task Type Teaching Mode in Higher Vocational Application to Aerobic Class%任务式教学模式在高职健美操选修课中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓娟

    2014-01-01

    It selects female college students as the research object and uses the task type teaching mode in aerobics teaching. This research mainly adopts the experimental method and comes to the conclusion: Task type teaching in vocational college aerobics elective courses can significantly improve calisthenics choreographing capability, skills, and ability to study independently. At the same time, this paper expounds the concept and process of task type teaching structure; puts forward the task type teaching classroom procedures and evaluation methods.%以女大学生为研究对象,在高职健美操课教学中运用任务式教学模式进行实践研究,本研究主要采用实验法,得出结论:高职健美操选修课中实施任务式教学能显著提高学生的健美操技能、自学能力和创编能力。同时阐述了任务式教学的概念和过程结构,提出任务式教学的课堂操作程序和评价方法。

  8. Influence of prolonged unilateral cervical muscle contraction on head repositioning--decreased overshoot after a 5-min static muscle contraction task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malmström, Eva-Maj; Karlberg, Mikael; Holmström, Eva; Fransson, Per-Anders; Hansson, Gert-Ake; Magnusson, Måns

    2010-06-01

    The ability to reproduce a specified head-on-trunk position can be an indirect test of cervical proprioception. This ability is affected in subjects with neck pain, but it is unclear whether and how much pain or continuous muscle contraction factors contribute to this effect. We studied the influence of a static unilateral neck muscle contraction task (5 min of lateral flexion at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction) on head repositioning ability in 20 subjects (10 women, 10 men; mean age 37 years) with healthy necks. Head repositioning ability was tested in the horizontal plane with 30 degrees target and neutral head position tests; head position was recorded by Zebris((R)), an ultrasound-based motion analyser. Head repositioning ability was analysed for accuracy (mean of signed differences between introduced and reproduced positions) and precision (standard deviation of the differences). Accuracy of head repositioning ability increased significantly after the muscle contraction task, as the normal overshoot was reduced. An average overshoot of 7.1 degrees decreased to 4.6 degrees after the muscle contraction task for the 30 degrees target and from 2.2 degrees to 1.4 degrees for neutral head position. The increased accuracy was most pronounced for movements directed towards the activated side. Hence, prolonged unilateral neck muscle contraction may increase the sensitivity of cervical proprioceptors.

  9. 任务型教学法对高职学生自主学习能力培养探索%Research and Practice on Task-based Approach to Students' Learning Autonomy in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许迎军

    2011-01-01

    One of the objectives of the College English curriculum reform is to promote the development of learners' autonomy. The Task-based Language which emphasizes the concept of "learning by doing" teaching is a teaching approach of student-centered and achieving teaching aims by communication'and cooperation. Combining with the practice of English teaching of Higher Vocational Colleges and contrasting between Task-based language teaching approach and traditional teaching method, the study is to validate the effect on students' learning autonomy by the implementation of Task-based Language Teaching Approach.%21世纪对于大学英语课程改革的重要目标就是培养大学生的英语自主学习能力。任务型教学以学生作为教学的中心,强调“做中学”的理念,通过学生的交流合作达到学习的目的。研究结合高职英语教学的实际,对比传统的教育教学模式,来探讨任务型教学模式对于高职学生自主学习能力的影响。

  10. Examining the Effectiveness of an iPod Touch with Video Prompts to Teach Community Based Vocational Tasks to Students with Intellectual Disabilities and Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huntington, Angela A.

    2012-01-01

    Three student employees with intellectual disabilities and autism used an iPod touch with video prompts to increase their level of independence at work. Using the iPod, they each experienced an increase in correct task completion across three work tasks. In addition, I conducted a social validation study to determine if employers and job coaches…

  11. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  12. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  13. Research and Practice of“Vocational Class”Teaching Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing Linlin; Jia Zhuli

    2015-01-01

    Vocational class” teaching mode is based on vocational ability training of students as the goal to develop target-oriented approach of the teaching reform method; it is a new teaching method.This mode is the integration of teaching,learning and doing in class; it is the typical vocational tasks mode of teaching methods.Teaching process imitates the office scene and the actual workingprocess.

  14. Research and Practice of “Vocational Class” Teaching Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢琳琳; 贾柱立

    2015-01-01

    "Vocational class" teaching mode is based on vocational ability training of students as the goal to develop target-oriented approach of the teaching reform method; it is a new teaching method.This mode is the integration of teaching,learning and doing in class; it is the typical vocational tasks mode of teaching methods.Teaching process imitates the office scene and the actual working process.

  15. Maintaining Vocational Skills of Individuals with Autism and Developmental Disabilities through Video Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Laarhoven, Toni; Winiarski, Lauren; Blood, Erika; Chan, Jeffrey M.

    2012-01-01

    A modified pre/posttest control group design was used to measure the effectiveness of video modeling on the maintenance of vocational tasks for six students with autism spectrum disorder and/or developmental disabilities. Each student was assigned two vocational tasks at their employment settings and their independence with each task was measured…

  16. 论任务驱动法在高职数学教学中的作用%On the Role of Task-driven Method in Higher Vocational Mathematics Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永湘

    2014-01-01

    数学的知识已被广泛应用于社会上的各行各业。除了在企事业单位中需要数学知识之外,诸如经济学研究,航天事业的研究等各个研究领域都需要数学知识。数学是高职院校的基础课程,而数学教学的方法也有很多,任务驱动法就是其中的一种。%Knowledge of mathematics has been widely used in all walks of life in society. In addition to mathematical knowl-edge in enterprises outside, a lot of research, aerospace industry economics research various research fields are required mathematical knowledge. Mathematics is the foundation courses in higher vocational colleges, and there are many methods of teaching mathematics, task-driven method is one of them.

  17. Research on the Application of Task-driven Teaching Ap- proach in Higher Vocational Marketing Teaching%任务驱动教学法在高职市场营销学教学中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴红

    2014-01-01

    市场营销学是一门实践性、艺术性特别强的应用性学科,它主要研究的是如何以消费者需求为中心来组织企业的经营活动。在这门课程的教学中,对学生的分析能力、应用能力的培养是课程教学的重点。本文从任务驱动教学法的内涵入手,分析此教学法的优点和对市场营销学课程教学的适用性,对于任务驱动教学法在高职市场营销学教学中的过程设计和实施中应注意的事项进行了探讨。%Marketing, as a highly practical and skillful applied di-scipline, mainly studies how to organize business activities of en-terprises with consumers' demands as the center. In the teaching of the course, the cultivation of students' analytical ability and applied ability is the key point. Starting from the definition of task-driven teaching approach, this paper analyzes the advan-tages of this approach and its adaptability to marketing teaching, and explores the process design and issues needing attention in the implementation of task-driven teaching approach in higher vocational marketing teaching.

  18. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  19. Application of Task-Driving Teaching Method in "Recruiting and Employ "Course of Human Resources Management in Vocational College%任务驱动教学法在《招聘与录用》课程教学中的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴晓云; 田晓

    2012-01-01

    高职教育的特点在于培养技能型应用型高技能人才,传统的教学方法存在着专业理论与实践操作脱节的弊端,不能适应高职教育人才培养目标的要求。根据企事业单位人力资源工作的特点和要求,探讨在高职人力资源管理专业《招聘与录用》课程教学中运用任务驱动教学法,为高职院校人力资源管理专业的教学工作提供借鉴。%The distinct characteristic of higher vocational education is for training talents with high skilled and applied ability.However,there are problems in the traditional teaching method,that is to say,theory is divorced from practice.It can not come up to the talents-training goal of higher vocational education.According to the working feature and requirement of the human resources in enterprises and institutions,this thesis discusses the task-driving as a teaching method applying in teaching of Recruiting and Employ course for Human Resources Management specialized students in Higher Vocational education.And it also provides some reference for teaching of Human Resources Management in Vocational College.

  20. Vocational Hypothesis Testing in Career Decision-Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blustein, David L.; Strohmer, Douglas C.

    1987-01-01

    Examined vocational hypothesis testing by applying Snyder's hypothesis-testing research paradigm to a vocational task in two experiments. Subjects (N=106) were asked to evaluate the appropriateness of a specific occupation for themselves. Subjects tended to exhibit confirmatory hypothesis-testing strategies when relevant occupations were…

  1. On the Application of Task-Driven Team Learning Mode to Secondary Vocational Modern Marketing Practice Course%任务驱动团队学习模式在中职现代推销实务课程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    In view of the new ideas of learning characteristics of secondary vocational school students and secondary vocational school curriculum reform, this paper attempts to apply task team learning model to the modern practice of the teaching reform practice in marketing, analyzes the process of task driving team learning mode of modern marketing practice teaching, and sum-marizes the application of task-based team learning model and its teaching effect.%  针对中职学生的学习特点和中职课程改革的新思路,尝试将任务驱动团队学习模式应用到现代推销实务课程教学改革实践中,分析了任务驱动团队学习模式下现代推销实务课程教学的具体流程,同时总结了实施任务驱动团队学习模式的教学效果。

  2. The Exploration of Application of Task-Driven Teaching Method in the Course of Making Webpage in Vocational College%任务驱动教学法在高职《网页制作》课程中的应用探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤云; 夏文忠; 乔玉冰

    2015-01-01

    On account of the dissatisfied effect of the present“Making Webpage”teaching,this paper analyses how to improve“Making Webpage”teaching and proposes that it has positive and practical significance to apply task-driven teaching method, make teachers,students and tasks interact,and effectively organize teaching according to the teaching process of designing task, analyzing task,implementing task,evaluating task for arousing study interests of students,promoting teaching effect and changing the current situation of“Making Webpage”teaching in vocational college.%针对当前高职院校《网页制作》课程教学效果不理想的情况,对如何改进《网页制作》课程教学进行思考并提出建议:在教学中应用任务驱动教学法,教师、学生和任务三要素互动,按照任务设计、任务分析、任务实施、任务评价的教学流程有效组织教学,这对激发学生的学习兴趣,提升教学效果,改变高职《网页制作》课程教学现状,具有积极的现实意义。

  3. Questioning Styles in Vocational College English Classrooms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒立志

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of TBLT reform in Higher Vocational Colleges from the perspective of questioning styles.It employs three methods to collect data:classroom observation,semi-structured interviews and focus group discussion with eight English teachers and their 384 non-English major students from three Higher Vocational Colleges in Guangdong.The results indicated that the teachers assigned students different tasks to perform in class.They seemed to be adopting the TBLT approach,but their English classes were not totally different from the teacher-centered grammar-focused lessons,the student-centered or communicative lessons.

  4. 任务结构情境对领导者职业兴趣与领导有效性关系的作用研究%The Study of the Moderating Effects of Task Structure on the Relationship between Leaders'Vocational Interest and Leadership Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛贤; 宋合义; 陈曦

    2013-01-01

    根据职业兴趣理论与基于情境的领导素质理论,以领导者职业兴趣为自变量,任务结构情境因素为调节变量,领导绩效为因变量,采用多元层次回归的统计方法,考察任务结构情景对中层领导者职业兴趣和领导绩效关系的调节作用。研究结果表明,任务结构对艺术取向、经营取向和研究取向与领导绩效之间的关系有显著的调节作用。在任务结构高的情况下,组织应该优先选拔具有艺术取向或经营取向的个体担任领导者岗位;在任务结构低的情况下,组织应该优先选拔具有研究取向的个体担任领导者岗位。研究表明结合情境因素能更好地解释领导者素质对领导有效性的作用,同时也对领导选拔与实践提出指导建议。%Based on vocational interests theory and traits theory of situational leadership , this paper studied the moderating effects of task structure on the relationship between leaders'vocational interest and leadership performance though the statis-tical method of Hierarchical Multiple Regression by regarding vocational interest of the leader as the independent variable , task structure as moderator , leadership performance as the dependent variable.The results showed that task structure has a significant moderating effects on the relationship between artistic -orientation , business-orientation , research-orienta-tion and leadership performance.In the context of high task structure , the organization should give the artistic orientation or business-oriented individuals priority to be in leader positions;in the context of low task structure , the organization should give the research -oriented individual priority to be a leader.This study showed that situational factor can explain the effects between leader ’ s traits and performance better , which contributes to make some suggestions for the leader -selec-tion and leader -practice.

  5. The European Dimensions of Vocational Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sós Tamás

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The research examined the connection between vocational education, training and the world of work, and the social situation in Hungary in a European outlook. The accentual issues of the analysis disclosing the problem are: youth unemployment, the tendencies of secondary vocational education, proportions of enrollment and the features of training tendencies, the growing number of early dropouts, the effect of family background on student performance. This work tried to find the answer to the question: What variations have the changes in the regulations of vocational training, encouraging dual education brought on in the connection between trainers and work places? The research did not prove that the central vocational training system would be more effective than a varied, flexible, permeable, transparent decentralized operation with parts built on each other. The introduction of the complex exam overshadowed the evaluation of the competency areas, and fits less to the modularity of the framework curricula. With the legal regulation of vocational training in force the modular system has become a formality. Taking prior knowledge into account has become more difficult. The efficiency of professional structural decisions is questionable, it has not triggered the extension of employment among career starters, and does not mean a guarantee of finding a job either. Creating the motivation of economic role players may bring on steps forward to take up bigger tasks in vocational training. The research has confirmed the importance of improving the basic competency areas when planning vocational training, of life-long learning, of practice orientation, and also of the continuous connection with the labor market.

  6. Vocational Guidance for Everyone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1974-01-01

    Describes some of the current problems of vocational guidance, summarizes relevant knowledge and theory in the field, and offers some practical plans for a coordinated, theoretically compatible group of vocational programs, services, and experiences for a high school. (Author/JM)

  7. Vocational Counseling Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Charles R.

    1976-01-01

    The author stresses the importance for counselors to articulate a viable and comprehensive approach to vocational counseling to both clients and the larger society. A re-thinking and re-stating of career education concepts can be a first step in applying vocational theory more constructively. (EA)

  8. Vocational Training in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooney, Roy; Dunne, Paul

    This monograph, one of a series of studies of vocational education in the countries of the European Communities, describes the vocational training system in Ireland. The study was compiled from existing statistics and descriptions, and most figures cited refer to 1984. The report is organized in eight chapters. Chapter 1 covers population,…

  9. Washback of Task-based Communicative Language Test (II)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹敏

    2014-01-01

    The essay aims at revealing the washback effect of task-based communicative language test (TBCLT) in a vocational college, with the further purpose to work out some ways to promote positive washback effect and reform the current tests hence to improve vocational learning.

  10. The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

  11. The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

  12. Relationships between Concept Mapping and Critical Thinking Skills of Vocational Nursing Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson-Davis, Shirley

    2012-01-01

    The task of developing vocational nursing students' critical thinking abilities is one of the greatest challenges facing nurse educators today. Licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) must be trained to think critically in order to provide safe patient care. Due to the expanded role and functions in the LVN's scope of practice, LVNs are making…

  13. Decreasing Non-Deployables: A Critical Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    scheduled for ETS/retirement; 203 were non-deployable for parenthood issues ( parenthood is defined as a military mother of a new born or one parent of a...personnel policies during contingency operations into a single document. Based on the vast number of personnel changes during the Global War on

  14. Anticipating Future Influences on Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.; And Others

    In a study conducted to identify the major forces that appear likely to influence vocational education in the next three to five years, a general model or conceptual framework was developed and modified by suggestions from a panel of experts. The following were identified as major influences: (1) a gradual decrease in the number of secondary…

  15. Developments in Vocational Education since 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, Jurgen

    1984-01-01

    Assesses developments in Chinese vocational education since 1976 and between 1949 and 1976; defines terminology; profiles secondary vocational education alternatives, including secondary specialized schools, workers' training schools, agricultural/vocational high schools, vocational (technical) schools, apprenticeship training, and continuation…

  16. Feasibility Study of Application of Task-based Language Teaching Approach in Higher Vocational English Teaching%任务型语言教学法在高职英语教学中的可行性探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭经玲

    2013-01-01

    任务型语言教学法强调“做中学”的原则,把语言课堂教学与学习者的语言应用结合起来。其思想与我国高等职业教育培养技能型、应用型人才的目标不谋而合。将任务型语言教学法应用到高职英语教学中,以激发学生学习动机、提高学习兴趣、优化学习方式和提高学生的综合英语应用能力是切实可行的。%The main principle of TBLT approach is a process of “leaning by doing”, in which learners combine their English leaning and language application in daily life .The idea coincides the target of higher vocational education , which is to cultivate the skilled&application -oriented talents.Therefore, it is feasible to apply the TBLT approach in higher vocational English teaching , which can improve students ’ motivation, interest, leaning style and English application ability .

  17. On the Design and the Implementation of the Homework of English Intensive Reading Course in Higher Vocational Education by Task -based Language Teaching%基于任务型教学法的高职英语精读课作业设计与实施策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨茹; 马秀兰

    2016-01-01

    Homework is the extension and effective supplement of classroom teaching .In view of the current situation of the homework of English Intensive Reading course in higher vocational education ,together with the ideas of task -based teaching method ,this paper puts forward task -based homework mode and introduces its implementation strategies so as to improve the teaching as well as the students’ comprehensive skills .%作业是课堂教学的延续和有效补充。针对当前高职英语精读课的作业现状,根据任务型教学法理念,本文从层次性与针对性、开放性与多样性、合作性与自主性以及生活性与趣味性四方面提出任务型作业模式,并介绍其实施策略,旨在提高英语精读教学质量,提高学生综合技能。

  18. PARENTAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elizabeth

    This paper looked at one aspect of societal attitudes towards vocational education by conducting a survey ... services in Nigeria. Key Words: Parental Attitude, Vocational Education, Counselling, skill .... Some were 4 scale attitude questions ...

  19. Research on Task-Based Classroom Teaching in Secondary Vocational Schools%基于学习任务的中职课堂教学研究与实践--以《3ds Max三维动画设计》课程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周怡洁

    2014-01-01

    三维动画在模型塑造、场景渲染、动画及特效等方面都能制作表现出高品质的对象效果,这使其在当今室内设计、建筑表现、产品设计、影视与游戏制作、广告特效等领域中占据领导地位。在此形势下,我国各类中职院校纷纷设置相应的动画专业方向课程,与社会就业方向同步。本文根据3ds Max课程的教学实践,就在中职《3ds Max三维动画设计》课程过程中如何组织课堂教学、创设“学习任务”进行了探讨。%Three-dimensional animation can make exhibit high quality object effect in modeling, rendering, animation and special effects, which occupies the leading position in today's interior design, architecture, product design, film and game production, advertising, etc. In this situation, all kinds of vocational colleges in China have set up corresponding profes-sional animation courses, attempting to synchronize with social employment direction. According to the teaching practice of 3ds Max course, the author discusses how to organize the classroom teaching and design"learning task"in the"3ds Max three-dimensional animation design"course in secondary vocational schools.

  20. Handbook on Marketing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, William R.

    Compiled after interviews with vocational educators at urban and rural joint vocational schools, comprehensive high schools, and career centers considered to be successful at marketing vocational education locally in Ohio, this handbook contains information on successful marketing activities that other local educators can undertake. Section I…

  1. 高职高专任务驱动导向的《国际结算》双语教学的研究%Research on Vocational Task-oriented "International Settlement" Bilingual Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚君

    2011-01-01

    As higher vocational education, based on the working process to design teaching content can make the student to grasp professional skills, to adapt the working position, international settlement as one of professional courses, bilingual teaching method is%作为高职高专教学,基于工作过程来设计教学内容能使学生掌握专业技能,更好的适应岗位,国际结算课程作为国贸专业必修课程之一,用双语教学非常符合专业特色,本文拟将两者相结合,从微观角度来设计该课程的教学思路、课程建设方案,并在此基础上构建课程教学内容和课程教学方式方法。

  2. Application of Task-oriented Method in the Curriculum Reform of Higher Vocational "Community Management and Service"%任务导向法在社区管理与服务高职课程改革中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏强

    2014-01-01

    社区管理与服务是高等职业院校社区服务系物业管理专业的一门专业选修课,强调学生工作过程中实际运用能力的培养。但是在过去的课程教学中以老师为主,只注重理论知识的“填鸭式”传统教学,忽略了学生们作为课堂的主体,使课堂教学与实际工作任务严重脱节,不能满足学生日后就业和公司对人才的需求。本文针对高等职业教育的现状,以任务导向教学法为应用,在教学课程的定位、课程设计以及教师和学生角色转变等方面进行了改革,取得良好的效果。%"Community Management and Service" is a profes-sional elective for property management major of community de-partment in higher vocational colleges, emphasizing the cultiva-tion of students' practical application ability in the working pro-cess. But in the past curriculum teaching, the teacher plays the main role and the traditional"chalk and talk"teaching of theo-retical knowledge is the only focus, which neglects students' sub-jective role in the classroom, and severely disconnects classroom teaching and practical working tasks, failing to meet the future employment and enterprise needs for talents. In view of the cur-rent situation of higher vocational education, based on the appli-cation of task-oriented approach, this paper implemented a re-form on curriculum positioning, curriculum design, and the transformation of the teacher and students' roles, and favorable effect has been achieved.

  3. Exploration on the Application of Task-based Teaching in English Listening Teaching of Higher Vocational Flight Attendant Major%探究任务型教学在高职空乘专业英语听力教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉环

    2014-01-01

    在英语教学中,听力是其中的一项重要内容。为了改善传统英语听力教学中单一教学过程中所存在的缺陷,提高课堂教学效率,采用任务型教学法,可以实现英语听力的互动教学。近些年来,中国的民航事业快速发展,对于空乘人员的工作质量提出了更高的要求。语言是空乘人员基本素质评价中的硬性指标,也是与乘客交流的重要工具。民航英语在空乘人员服务中起到重要的桥梁作用。但是,往往会由于空乘专业英语听力而影响了工作质量。那么,高职高专空乘专业的英语听力教学要提高教学质量,可以采用任务教学法。本论文针对任务型教学在高职空乘专业英语听力教学中的应用进行探究。%In English teaching, listening is an important content. In order to eliminate the deficiencies existing in the traditional monotonous English listening teaching, and improve classroom teaching efficiency, task-based teaching approach is adopted to realize the interactive teaching of English listening. In recent years, the rapid development of China's civil aviation industry has proposed higher requirements for the quality of flight attendants' work. Language, as a mandatory index in the evaluation of flight attendants' basic qualities, is also an important tool for them to communicate with passengers. Civil aviation English serves as a bridge in flight attendants' services, but the quality of work may be affected due to flight attendants' English listening. To improve the teaching quality of English listening for higher vocational flight attendant major, task-based teaching approach can be adopted. This paper mainly deals with the application of this ap-proach in English listening teaching of higher vocational flight at-tendant major.

  4. Dropout in vocational education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    For the last ten years drop out of vocational education has increased strongly in Denmark. Only half of the students, who take up a vocational programme on upper secondary level, complete it. Like in other European countries the low completion rates has caused considerable alarm on the political...... level (Lamb and Markussen 2011). Continuing high dropout rates will make it very hard for the government to reach its target for educational completion, and the government has launched a series of measures to increase retention including the obligation for all colleges to make plans for retention...

  5. New modes of English teaching in Higher Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Jiqiu

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the teaching quality of English in Higher Vocational Col ege, in the first place, we should conduct our daily teaching tasks according to dif erent students’ level under the guidance of principles on Higher Vocational Col ege;in the second place, we should use dif erent and new teaching modes in English teaching, such as developing ESP courses;compiling proper teaching materials for students;enhancing the training ef ect;using demonstration teaching method;extending teaching space and using multimedia teaching method etc.

  6. 高职生物化学教学中任务型教学法的应用%Application of task-based teaching method in advanced vocational biochemistry teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文玉

    2011-01-01

    Based on the features of the discipline, in biochemistry teaching we applied task-based teaching method which involves creating situations and putting forward tasks; teachers providing guidance and students learning on their own; discussing, communicating and completing tasks; teaching evaluating and summarizing and improving. The teaching method has enhanced students' interest in biochemistry learning and improved their capability of flexibly using knowledge to solve practical problems.%结合学科特点,介绍了使用"创设情境,提出任务;教师指导、自主学习;讨论交流、完成任务;教师评价、总结提高"的任务型教学法并应用于生物化学教学中,提高了学生的学习兴趣,培养了学生灵活应用所学知识解决实际问题能力的做法.

  7. Design and Application of Task-based Language Teaching Approach in Vocational College%高职高专英语教学中任务型教学设计以及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱慧英

    2011-01-01

    Task-based language teaching approach is a kind of foreign language teaching method which develops in the modem time and embodies the concept of advanced education. Using task-based language teaching in the class can improve students' over- all quality and enhance students' ability of anglicizing and solving the problem. This paper take junior college for example to de- scribe the application of task-based language teaching approach in English class of junior college.%任务型教学法把语言应用的基本理念转化为具有实践意义的课堂教学方式,强调交际的过程和语言的功能,有利于提高学生的创新精神和语言运用能力。本文从任务的定义、类型及教学模式的设计等几个方面着手探讨了如何将任务型教学法渗透到高职高专英语教学中,进而增强高职高专英语教学的实践性及可操作性,提高学生的英语语言应用能力。

  8. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  9. Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, Fred, Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This issue of the quarterly Education International focuses on vocational education and training (VET). The editorial, "Education and the Wealth of Nations" (Fred van Leeuwen), focuses on provision of quality education for all. "Education International's (EI's) First Joint Worldwide Action on Education Issues" (Elie Jouen) describes the Global…

  10. IVA: Improving Vocational Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    These six instructional units are intended to provide instructors of vocational education administration with a systematic package of materials for their programs of preservice and/or inservice instruction and to provide materials which could be reproduced for learner use. These units cover the following subject matter: (1) federal legislation…

  11. 任务型教学法在高职院校英语听力教学中的应用探索%On the Application of Task-based Language Teaching Method to English Listening Teaching in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁端

    2015-01-01

    Task‐based Language Teaching Method is a classroom teaching mode able to convert the basic concept of language use into practical activities .It takes the form of the task to organize teaching ,emphasizing practical teaching idea ,and giving full play to students’ initiative creativity . Meanwhile ,it is conducive to the cultivation of students’ habits of cooperative learning and independ‐ent learning .Therefore ,task‐based Language Teaching Method fully reflects the teaching ideas that students are the center of teaching .The application of this method to English listening teaching in higher vocational colleges can not only enrich the contents of teaching activities ,make classroom at‐mosphere active ,but also stimulate students’ interest in English learning ,improve classroom teach‐ing efficiency ,and better complete the English teaching objectives of higher vocational colleges .%任务型教学法是把语言运用的基本概念转化为实践活动的课堂教学方式。它以任务的形式来组织教学,强调“在做中学”的实践教学理念,能充分发挥学生的主动性和创造性,有利于培养学生合作学习及自主学习的良好习惯,充分体现了以学生为中心的教学思想。把任务型教学法应用到高职院校的英语听力教学中,不仅可以丰富教学活动内容,活跃课堂气氛,还能激发学生英语听力学习的兴趣,提高课堂教学效率,更好地完成高职英语的教学目标。

  12. Application of Task Driven in Teaching of Human Resource Ma-nagement in Higher Vocational Colleges%任务驱动在高职院校人力资源管理课程教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高林海

    2016-01-01

    In the reform of human resources management course teaching, the introduction of task driven teaching mode can improve students' practical ability and practical reform. This paper briefly introduces the characteristics of human resource management and the introduction of necessity, and then focuses on the task driven three-tier application in teaching the course of human resource mana-gement, and finally estimates the effect of the application of the evaluation.%人力资源管理课程教学改革中引入任务驱动教学模式,可以起到提高学生动手能力和推动实践改革的目的。介绍人力资源管理的特点和引入必要性,探讨任务驱动在人力资源管理课程教学中的三级应用,对应用效果进行评价。

  13. 任务驱动型教学法对高职英语教学的影响%Task-driven Teaching Method in Higher Vocational English Teaching Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓磊

    2014-01-01

    任务驱动型教学法是一种新型的教育模式,是一种将学生主动学习和教师布置任务两者综合起来的新型教学方法。让学生在完成教师布置“任务”的同时,培养了自己发现问题、分析问题和解决问题的能力。体现了语言教学的真正精髓,“学”重于“教”,“练”多于“学”,以培养学生自学、探究、创新、组织表达能力为主要目标。%the task-driven teaching method is a new mode of education ,is a kind of active learn-ing/teachers’ tasks which combine new teaching methods .Students completing teacher features “tasks”at the same time ,cultivate their ability to identify problems ,analyze and solve problems .Embodies the true essence of language teaching ,the“learn” more important than“teaching” ,“practice” than“Sci-ence”in order to cultivate students ’ learning ,exploration ,innovation ,organizational skills as the main objective .

  14. Application and Innovation of Task-Based Approach in Vocational College Linux Network Administration Courses%任务教学法在高职Linux网络管理课程中的应用与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周莉; 许璐蕾; 谭方勇; 张燕

    2012-01-01

      This paper proposes a network management programs for Linux task-based pedagogy new teaching model. It di⁃vides the courses into multiple projects and sets a number of tasks for each project. This paper apply a variety of teaching meth⁃ods into the teaching practices of network professional student, proposes a more effective course evaluation mechanism, and better reaches courses teaching objectives.%  该文针对Linux网络管理课程提出一种基于任务型教学法的新型教学模式,将课程划分为多个项目,为每个项目设置多个工作任务;将多种教学方法融入到网络专业学生的教学实践中,提出更为有效地课程考核机制,更好地课程教学目标。

  15. Practice of Task-Driven Approach in Secondary Voca-tional Computer Teaching%任务驱动教学在中职计算机教学中的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝春燕

    2012-01-01

      In computer teaching,through task-driven approach, students can play their principal role,class teaching can be opti-mized,teaching effect can be improved, and students' learning interest,teamwork spirit,innovative spirit and independent lear-ning ability can be cultivated.%  在计算机教学中,学生通过任务驱动,发挥主体作用,优化课堂教学,提高教学效果,同时培养学生的学习兴趣、团队精神、创新精神和自主学习能力

  16. The Application of Cognitive Psychology to Task-based English Teaching in Vocational Colleges%认知心理学视觉下的高职任务型英语教学实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何颖群

    2013-01-01

    依据认知心理语言学理论,笔者在实验班和对照班之间开展任务型英语教学(Task-Based Learning,简称TBL)及传统的演示、操练、成果三阶段教学(Presentation,Practice,Production,简称PPP)对比调查分析.通过两个班的成绩比较和调查问卷的分析,得出结论:TBL比传统的PPP教学法更能提高学生的学习兴趣和学习成绩,更能促进学生自主学习能力的提高.

  17. Promoting Vocational Education. A Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Arlington, VA.

    This handbook for vocational educators was developed as a tool to help them in their public relations efforts. Following a brief introduction, the content is presented in twelve sections. The first discusses the roles of various professionals and groups in vocational education. Section 2 covers planning a total public relations program and…

  18. Application of task driving teaching in secondary vocational teaching exploration%任务驱动教学法在中职教学中的应用探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱桂玲

    2013-01-01

      The task driven teaching method changed the traditional teaching mode, secondary education make students become the main body, the students learning process into a process to explore and solve problems, stimulate the learning interest of students, cultivate the students' independent consciousness and ability to analyze and solve problems; To make students form good professional consciousness, innovation ability, organization ability and the team cooperation spirit, as the blockbuster laid a solid foundation.%  任务驱动教学法改变了中等教育传统教学模式,使学生真正成为学习的主体,把学生学习的过程转化为探究问题、解决问题的过程,激发了学生的学习兴趣,培养了学生的自主意识、分析问题、解决问题的能力;使学生形成良好的职业意识、创新能力、组织能力和团队协作精神,为竞岗创业奠定了夯实的基础。

  19. ILO's Work in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Educational Documentation and Information, 1971

    1971-01-01

    The work of the Vocational Training Branch of the Human Relations Department, International Labour Office (Unesco), is described. The essential purpose is to develop improved practices in vocational training, with a view to progressive establishment of standards at the international level. (JB)

  20. Legal Scholarship as a Vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luban, David

    2001-01-01

    Explores the more purely theoretical side of the legal scholar's vocation, using Max Weber's text on the scholar's role titled "Science as a Vocation." Discusses the consequences of the tension between law schools' generalist "pretensions" and increasingly specialist character, and Weber's fact/value distinction. (EV)

  1. Vocational Indecision and Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohmer, Douglas C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Assessed the vocational decision-making problems of rehabilitation clients (N=60). Revealed that decision-making problems of clients can be grouped into three areas: employment readiness, self-appraisal, and decision-making readiness. Suggested that vocationally decided and undecided subjects differ significantly in the extent to which they have…

  2. 38 CFR 21.70 - Vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vocational rehabilitation...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Duration of Rehabilitation Programs § 21.70 Vocational rehabilitation. (a) General. The goal of...

  3. Ensuring Quality Assurance in Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idialu, Ethel E.

    2013-01-01

    Vocational education emphasises skill acquisition. Quality assurance in vocational education is a concept that is concerned with high performance involving activities with vocational education such as teaching, learning, infrastructures, students' behaviour and the entire academic process. Quality vocational education refers to input and output of…

  4. Vocational rehabilitation: a multidisciplinary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobelet, C; Luthi, F; Al-Khodairy, A T; Chamberlain, M A

    2007-09-15

    Vocational rehabilitation is by definition a multidisciplinary intervention in a process linked to the facilitation of return to work or to the prevention of loss of the work. Clinical staff in contact with a person who has lost his job (general practitioner, specialized physician) must promote vocational rehabilitation. Medical rehabilitation for those with disabilities, whether new or old, has to be followed without delay by vocational rehabilitation. It is even better if these two intertwined processes are overlapping. They involve many professionals including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational trainers, job counsellors, teachers, case-managers, job placement agencies. Vocational rehabilitation has a financial cost, borne by many state organizations (security, social system, social affairs) as well as by employers and private insurances, which are in case of accident, concerned by this process. However, the evidence suggests that this is recouped 2- to 10-fold as suggested by the British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine.

  5. Research on Implementation of the Teaching Process in Higher Vocational Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songjie Gong

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of the teaching process is the main channel to carry out good education. The aim of the implementation of the teaching process is to place emphasis on cultivating students’ innovation ability and take innovation education as the point to deepen higher vocational teaching reformation. The reform of project curriculum has become the main trend of course reform in higher vocational education. The traditional curriculum teaching process has shown some disadvantages in the teaching practice in higher vocational education. The project teaching method and the task teaching method are the effective way in the common teaching process, which often play an important role in training students' ability about solving a problem. This study researches on the implementation of the teaching process in higher vocational curriculum. The implementation of project and task teaching process can improve students’ vocational ability and help students to get work process knowledge. The implementation of teaching process is the advance of the curriculum reform in higher vocational education.

  6. Namibia - Vocational Training Grant Fund

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The impact evaluation of the Vocational Training Grant Fund (VTGF) subactivity in Namibia uses a random assignment design to determine the effects of VTGF-funded...

  7. Vocatives and discourse markers in textualinteractive grammar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Penhavel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss the class of Vocatives and the class of Discourse Markers as proposed within Textualinteractive Grammar, and we try to demonstrate that Vocatives can work as Discourse Markers.

  8. Imperatives of Vocational Education and Sustainable Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    vocational education play in contributing to sustainable development is the focal point ... and vocational education as a comprehensive term referring to those aspects of the ... technical institutions are highly skilled entrepreneurs. They rely on.

  9. Scaffolding advice on task selection: A safe path toward self-directed learning in on-demand education.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kicken, Wendy; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen

    2008-01-01

    Kicken, W., Brand-Gruwel, S., & Van Merrienboer, J. J. G. (2008). Scaffolding advice on task selection: A safe path toward self-directed learning in on-demand education. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 60, 223-239.

  10. Scaffolding advice on task selection: A safe path toward self-directed learning in on-demand education.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kicken, Wendy; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen

    2008-01-01

    Kicken, W., Brand-Gruwel, S., & Van Merrienboer, J. J. G. (2008). Scaffolding advice on task selection: A safe path toward self-directed learning in on-demand education. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 60, 223-239.

  11. Identification of Tasks in Photo-Offset Lithography Occupations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Dept. of Public Instruction, Des Moines. Div. of Career Education.

    The research project was designed to provide data pertaining to performance tasks in specific occupations in various areas of vocational/technical education. The data presented in the document is intended to be used to develop appropriate objectives and curricular content to assist in the preparation of individuals entering the specific…

  12. Writing Stories, Telling Tales: National Vocational Qualification (NVQ) Candidates' Experiences of NVQs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spielhofer, Thomas

    2001-01-01

    A study of clerical staff in two British banks (n=29) who completed National Vocational Qualifications in customer services shows that the potential for skill development and flexibility was not realized. Workers spent more time writing about their routine tasks to accredit existing skills than they did being trained in new skills. (Contains 49…

  13. The Effects of Framing Vocational Choices on Young Adults' Sets of Career Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Daniel C.; Whitcomb, Kathleen M.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The present paper examines the effects of two decision-framing inductions on young adults' set of career options: first, whether young adults use abilities or interests as the grounds for their vocational choices and, second, whether young adults approach the decision-making task by including all career options to which they feel…

  14. Helping All the Handicapped; The Report of the Massachusetts Vocational Rehabilitation Planning Commission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medical Foundation, Inc., Boston, MA.

    This report by the Planning Commission culminates 2 years of public hearings and the investigations of 10 task forces on vocational rehabilitation. A broader definition of the disabled, one which includes the disadvantaged, is gaining acceptance, resulting in the need for expanded rehabilitation programs. This study provides the necessary…

  15. Vocational Education and Equality of Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Benjamin; Feinberg, Walter

    1990-01-01

    Examines the concepts of equality of opportunity and equality of educational opportunity and their relationship to vocational education. Traces the history of vocational education. Delineates the distinction between training and education as enumerated in Aristotelian philosophy. Discusses the role vocational education can play in the educative…

  16. Connecting Mathematics Teaching with Vocational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalby, Diane; Noyes, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    For many vocational students in England, mathematics is now a compulsory part of their programme, yet the inclusion of an academic subject within a vocational course presents challenges. In this paper, an analysis of a series of case studies of vocational student groups in Further Education colleges in England shows how contrasting practices in…

  17. Vocation as the Quest for Authentic Existence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homan, Kenneth B.

    1986-01-01

    Examines the concept of vocation and demonstrates that vocation is the organizing, existential principle of the concept of work. Presents a critical examination of Green's (1968) delineation of job and work and asserts that vocation as the quest for authentic existence is the unifying concept that gives grounding to Green's notion of work. (NB)

  18. A Social Validation Assessment of Cooperative versus Individual Task Engagement of Persons with Multiple Disabilities. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lancioni, Giulio E; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; Pidala, Sara; Piazzolla, Giorgia; Oliva, Doretta; Groeneweg, Jop

    2006-01-01

    One major objective of programs for persons with severe or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities is to teach these persons occupational and vocational tasks and to enable them to carry out these tasks independently (Davis, Brady, Williams, & Burta, 1992; Lancioni et al., 1991; Steed & Lutzker, 1997). The performance of such tasks has…

  19. Strategies for Translating Vocative Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga COJOCARU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the linguistic and cultural elements of vocative texts and the techniques used in translating them by giving some examples of texts that are typically vocative (i.e. advertisements and instructions for use. Semantic and communicative strategies are popular in translation studies and each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages in translating vocative texts. The advantage of semantic translation is that it takes more account of the aesthetic value of the SL text, while communicative translation attempts to render the exact contextual meaning of the original text in such a way that both content and language are readily acceptable and comprehensible to the readership. Focus is laid on the strategies used in translating vocative texts, strategies that highlight and introduce a cultural context to the target audience, in order to achieve their overall purpose, that is to sell or persuade the reader to behave in a certain way. Thus, in order to do that, a number of advertisements from the field of cosmetics industry and electronic gadgets were selected for analysis. The aim is to gather insights into vocative text translation and to create new perspectives on this field of research, now considered a process of innovation and diversion, especially in areas as important as economy and marketing.

  20. An Educational–Vocational Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalervo Friberg

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Changes in student-affective entry characteristics were examined in an educational−vocational intervention at Finnish comprehensive school. The conceptual framework constructed from attitudes as learned dispositions (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975 and self-determination (Deci & Ryan, 1985 was tested in a longitudinal study. A person-based survey questionnaire was designed, piloted, and validated. Spearman−Brown reliability was calculated. In the first observation, 669 (Time One Cohort, and in the second, 649 (Time Two Cohort subjects (girls and boys of mean ages of 14.5 and 16.0 years took the Web-based survey. The tested hypotheses were (a variables of self-determination, self-regulation, and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation would emerge as attitudinal domains in work−life orientation; (b the experiences during the implementation of a work−life orientation program would decrease the effects of seventh-grade student background factors at the end of the program in the ninth grade, and (c work−life orientation would be effective and have efficacy in changing student attitudes in relation to further education and occupations. Three factors emerged in the Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysis. The factors Independence, Self-Direction, and Flexibility were used as the dependents in repeated measures in a general linear model. The factor means were subjected to a paired samples t test. There was development toward stronger Independence and Flexibility in the case of both genders. The boys had gained the girls’ seventh-grade lead at the end of the program. Self-Direction did not show any changes. Empirical findings tentatively supported the program’s efficacy in changing entry characteristics.

  1. The Advantage of Going For Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文辉

    2008-01-01

    With the entering of the 21st century,information technology has become the world's economic and social development trend,China is beginning to see vocational education as important to maintaining fast economic growth and social stability.Every one wants to have a lucrative career and bright future.That is the reason why most people these days take up vocational education.Vocational education is a type of educational attainment that teaches the student trade skills and aptitudes.Vocational school is a school that provides vocational education to individuals who desire to be trained in job-specific skills.

  2. Restrictive Factors of Vocational Education Development in Cultivation of Rural Practical Skilled Personnel and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning; WANG; Fang; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Kunming City is accelerating the process of agricultural modernization,industrialization,informationization and ecological development. In this process,it needs speeding up building new high level and advanced rural practical skilled personnel team suitable for development demand. By empirical analysis method,this paper discussed the factors restricting vocational education in cultivation of rural practical skilled personnel. Then,it came up with countermeasures in cultivation objective of rural vocational education,arrangement of specialized disciplines,key development tasks,and establishment of diversified investment system.

  3. Does the Model Matter? Comparing Video Self-Modeling and Video Adult Modeling for Task Acquisition and Maintenance by Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cihak, David F.; Schrader, Linda

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness and efficiency of learning and maintaining vocational chain tasks using video self-modeling and video adult modeling instruction. Four adolescents with autism spectrum disorders were taught vocational and prevocational skills. Although both video modeling conditions were effective for…

  4. The harder the task, the more inconsistent the performance: a PPT analysis on task difficulty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Stephen; Geels, Kasha; Hackett, Holly Raye; Trafimow, David; McCarley, Jason S; Schwark, Jeremy; Hunt, Gayle

    2012-01-01

    Previous research has demonstrated that as task difficulty increases, task performance subsequently decreases. These decrements in task performance as difficulty increases have been attributed to the processes individuals use to complete tasks. Over a series of three experiments, Potential Performance Theory (PPT; Trafimow & Rice, 2008 ; 2009), was used to test the hypothesis that decreases in task performance are, in part, due to inconsistency rather than only systematic factors. Task difficulty was manipulated in three visual search tasks by increasing set size (Experiment 1), decreasing contrast (Experiment 2), and increasing background distracters (Experiment 3). Findings over the three studies indicated that decreases in observed task performance as task difficulty increases are primarily due to a decrease of consistency rather than systematic factors. The theoretical implications of these findings are discussed.

  5. Vocational perspectives and neuromuscular disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Andries, F; Wevers, CWJ; Wintzen, AR; Busch, HFM; Howeler, CJ; deJager, AEJ; Padberg, GW; deVisser, M; Wokke, JHJ

    1997-01-01

    The present study analyses the actual occupational situation, vocational handicaps and past labour career of a group of about 1000 Dutch patients suffering from a neuromuscular disorder (NMD). On the basis of the likelihood of a substantial employment history and sufficient numbers of patients, four

  6. Vocationally Oriented Language Learning Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Karin; Kantelinen, Ritva

    2013-01-01

    Vocationally oriented language learning (VOLL) is often seen as a part of English for Specific Purposes/Language for Specific Purposes (ESP/LSP), which it is not in every case. The diverging characteristics and lines of development that these two branches of ELT have undergone are outlined and contrasted. Then, a discussion of the added value of a…

  7. Vocational teachers and the notion of ’good teaching’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Jensen, Lars Bang

    2016-01-01

    lines of education. Vocational teachers thus hail from a diverse range of vocational- and educational backgrounds and experience. The pedagogical course envisioned as a universal pedagogical training thus has an intrinsic problematic when facing the differentiated background and vocational training...

  8. Problems in Employment Trend of Higher Vocational Graduates and Countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Jianhua; Sheng, Zhichong

    2011-01-01

    Based on analyzing the regional character of higher vocational graduates employment, this paper analyzes the reasons for this employment trend, advances relevant countermeasures for employment of higher vocational graduates, and explores the direction for higher vocational graduates employment.

  9. The Stages of Vocational/Academic Integration for Vocational Educators. Tip Sheet #5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisner, Mary J.

    This brief suggests that vocational educators may be unclear as to whether they have accomplished integration of vocational and academic education because of the multistage nature of the process. The three stages suggest a continuum of professional growth, as vocational and academic educators first become aware of limitations of the status quo,…

  10. Identity Change during Vocational Teacher Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette

    New vocational teachers cross a boundary when they move from one occupation to a job as teacher. A vocational teacher already has an education when he becomes a teacher. He also has several years of work experience. In Denmark, the educational background is related to the type of vocational schoo...... educations, reduce dropout rates and increase the supply of labor. The theoretical framework is identity theories....

  11. Scientific research projects in vocational training schools

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Vocational schools are a resource for many students, with usually low motivation and high learning difficulties. The fact that this type of teaching is of a more practical, experimental, and job oriented type, points to teaching strategies less theoretical and focus on a more practical student involvement. Profiting from those characteristics, the study of the use of scientific projects on vocational teaching was initiated. It was proposed to vocational school st...

  12. Vocational teachers' identity formation through boundary crossing

    OpenAIRE

    Fejes, Andreas; Köpsén, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Vocational teachers’ prior occupational experiences are construed as those that will guarantee high-quality teaching in vocational education, although individuals are no longer required to have formal teaching qualifications to be employed as teachers in Sweden. This lack of strict requirements raises the issue of the preparedness of vocational teachers to teach their subject matter. Drawing on a socio-cultural understanding of identity, and based on twenty semi-structured interviews with voc...

  13. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Tee Tze Kiong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET). These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in...

  14. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Yee Mei Heong; Tee Tze Kiong; Muhammad Rashid Rajuddin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET). These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in...

  15. VOCATIONAL PEDAGOGY A DIMENSION OF VOCATIONAL LEARNING WITH WORKPLACE REQUIREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Rapid changes are taking place in industry, the labor market, work to work organization. The changes of taking places in industry have an important implication for Vocational Education and Training (VET. These widespread changes have significant implications for the learning requirement of workers and for the pedagogical methods to facilitate that learning. This paper focuses in the learning of instructor, learners in the perspective of their readiness with teaching and learning challenge in VET. Some theoretical consideration in behavioral and cognitive psychology will be discussed derived from the concept of learning content vocational institutions; pedagogical strategies such as demonstration, practice and feedback implemented by the instructors for learning occur. The learners’ preferences based on their characteristics to cater their ability to learn in VET. Learners’ learning styles were investigated to identify their preferences in learning and match with the curriculum and practices in teaching VET. The shift in pedagogical orientation will focus in potential of individual, engage learners in development of their own vocational knowledge and skills. VET instructors and trainers must be able to recognize and adapt their teaching and learning practice in order to response to these needs.

  16. Nursing: Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Projected Employment, 2024 Change, 2014-24 Employment by Industry Percent Numeric SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program Licensed practical and licensed vocational ...

  17. Reforming Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friche, Nanna; Kondrup, Sissel

    The systems of vocational education and training are facing a number of challenges in many European countries. The share of young people who are neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) is still higher for graduates from upper secondary VET than from upper secondary general programmes....... Students who enter vocational programmes are less likely to graduate than those who are enrolled in general programmes. Moreover, they are nearly five times less likely to enrol in further education than graduates from general secondary schools with similar proficiency in literacy (OECD 2015). These trends...... means that the challenges are twofold. First, the VET systems are required to offer double qualifications, which give access not only to skilled employment, but also to higher education (Deissinger et.al 2013). Secondly, the VET systems are met by diverse demands to be social inclusive and exclusive...

  18. The Study of Technical and Vocational Education and Training Needs of Dairy and Cooking Oil Producing Companies in Tehran Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbari, Lotfali

    2015-01-01

    Education is not merely provision of information from trainer to learner, but the point is that this person requires practical educations for some of its tasks. By considering industrialization of manufacturing processes, economic development cannot happen without considering the Technical and vocational education and training (TVET). Since the…

  19. Conceptions of Connectivity: How Swiss Teachers, Trainers and Apprentices Perceive Vocational Learning and Teaching across Different Learning Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sappa, Viviana; Aprea, Carmela

    2014-01-01

    The integration of learning across different learning sites is an important and challenging task for each vocational education and training system. Although various integrative teaching and learning models have been developed and many reforms have been undertaken, their implementation is complicated by several factors. In particular, individual…

  20. Practice Class Curriculum Design of Secondary Vocational School based on Typical Tasks Analysis---Takes Curriculum Design of Automotive Air Conditioning Maintenance as A Example%基于典型工作任务分析的中职汽车实践类课程设计--以汽车空调故障维修课程设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文艳宇; 韦自龙

    2014-01-01

    Practice teaching is the key link in secondary vocational education. In order to improve the quality of the automobile special-ized practice teaching, the paper takes curriculum design of automotive air conditioning maintenance as example, put forward design method of automobile professional practice curriculum combine the training mode of secondary vocational school. It will improve the stu-dents' post competence and comprehensive professional comprehensive qualities.%实践类教学是中职教学的核心环节。为提高汽车专业实践教学的质量,以汽车空调故障维修课程设计为例,结合目前中职学校的人才培养模式,提出汽车专业实践课程设计方法,全面提高学生的岗位胜任能力和职业综合素养。

  1. Higher vocational college library books purchasing quality control%浅谈高职院校图书馆图书采购质量的控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何艳

    2014-01-01

    随着高职院校中职业教育以及评估活动的大力开展,使得高职院校近些年来取得了长足的发展。图书馆是高职院校建设与发展的重心,是学习最具信息化的场所,肩负着高职院校科研以及学生教育的重任,因此,高职院校图书馆的图书采购质量与馆藏建设对高职院校的发展有着重要的影响。本文从高职院校图书馆的采购任务、采购原则以及对采购质量控制体系的建立几个方面简单阐述了高职院校图书馆图书采购质量控制的问题。%With the higher vocational colleges to develop, vocational education and assessment activities in higher vocational colleges have obtained the development. Library is the focus of construction and development in higher vocational colleges, is a place for learning the most information, shoulder the important task of higher vocational college students scientific research and education, therefore, higher vocational college library of books purchasing quality and library collection construction has an important influence on the development of higher vocational colleges. From the principles of purchasing task of higher vocational college library, the purchase of purchasing quality control system and simple set up several aspects elaborated the higher vocational college library books purchasing quality control problem.

  2. Putting a Vocational Focus Back into Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Gregory C.

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally, rehabilitation has been closely associated with vocational potential and return to work post-injury, or the maintenance of work attendance following the onset of chronic disease. Indeed, so close was the association that the terms "rehabilitation" and "vocational rehabilitation" were virtually synonymous. Over…

  3. Applying a Typology to Vocational Aspirations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=1,005), college juniors (N=692), employed adults (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a 1 year interval (N=624). The aspirational data were…

  4. Vocational Indecision: More Evidence and Speculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Holland, Joan E.

    1977-01-01

    Samples of 1,005 high school juniors and 692 college juniors were assessed with measures of personality, decision-making ability, interests, and vocational attitude. Comparisons of undecided and decided students indicate they are alike on most measures, but substantial and significant differences were found for the Identity and Vocational Attitude…

  5. Data Available for Studying Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, David B.

    The Vocational Education Data System (VEDS) data base was created as a result of the Vocational Education Amendments of 1976. VEDS statistics were to be collected in the form of state-aggregate data (that is, state-level data is submitted by each state, based upon records and data collected by the state for this and other purposes); and VEDS data,…

  6. Vocational Teaching Cube System of Engineering Graphics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YangDaofu; LiuShenli

    2003-01-01

    Based on long-time research on vocational teaching cube theory in graphics education and analyzing on the intellectual structure in the process of reading engineering drawing, the graphics intellectual three-dimensional model, which is made up of 100 cubes, is founded and tested in higher vocational graphics education. This system serves as a good guidance to the graphics teaching.

  7. Hispanic Vocational Exploration Project. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centro De La Comunidad, Inc., New London, CT.

    During its second year, the Hispanic Vocational Exploration Project recruited eighth and ninth grade Hispanic youth for a four-week cycle, after-school, career exploratory program at Southeastern Regional Vocational Technical School, Groton, Connecticut. A series of career education workshops was the other major project activity. Supportive…

  8. The Structure of Vocational Interests in Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iliescu, Dragos; Ispas, Dan; Ilie, Alexandra; Ion, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    Using data provided by the Self-Directed Search (SDS) on a sample of 1,519 participants comprising 3 subsamples containing high school students, university students, and working adults, the authors examine the structure of vocational interests in Romania. Three competing structural models of vocational interests (Holland's circumplex model and…

  9. Vocational Preparation Teacher Manual. Missouri LINC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Steve; And Others

    This document defines the role and responsibilities of Missouri's vocational preparation teachers as they work with disadvantaged and handicapped students in vocational education programs and offers advice on how they can fulfill their role and responsibilities. Following the introduction is the questionnaire used in a survey of vocational…

  10. Bringing Realism Into the Vocational Typing Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Alan C.

    1978-01-01

    Based on "Typing 2," Gregg's new second-year vocational typing book for high schools, this article discusses ways to use the textbook and what the teacher can do to support the spirit of realism, purpose, and efficiency that the author feels should dominate the vocational typing course. (TA)

  11. Gasoline Engine Mechanics. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in gasoline engine mechanics in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of small-engine mechanics; program content (curriculum framework and student performance…

  12. Fashion Marketing. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for Instructional Development and Services.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in fashion marketing in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: program content (job duties of wholesale and retail clothing salespersons and curriculum framework and student…

  13. Leadership Skills among Technical and Vocational Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Nurazyan Zahidah; Jizat, Nor Atikah Md.; Zakaria, Normah

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of leadership skills among technical and vocational educator are to prepare them towards effective organization. Effective leadership is widely accepted as being a key constituent in achieving organization improvement and to examine. This study aimed to gauge the leadership skills among technical and vocational educators effectiveness…

  14. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  15. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  16. Vocational Teachers' Identity Formation through Boundary Crossing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fejes, Andreas; Köpsén, Susanne

    2014-01-01

    Vocational teachers' prior occupational experiences are construed as those that will guarantee high-quality teaching in vocational education, although individuals are no longer required to have formal teaching qualifications to be employed as teachers in Sweden. This lack of strict requirements raises the issue of the preparedness of vocational…

  17. Vocational Teachers between Educational Institutions and Workplaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isopahkala-Bouret, Ulpukka

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze discursively how the relationship between educational institutions and workplaces materializes in the position of a vocational teacher. Several studies have pointed out that the role of vocational teachers is changing as a result of current educational reforms, which can be understood in terms of bringing…

  18. The Dutch vocational education and training system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, A.M.C.

    2014-01-01

    The Dutch educational system is highly stratified from secondary education onwards3, and this also applies to MBO. Each MBO course can be followed in two different learning pathways, called the vocationally educating learning pathway (beroepsopleidende leerweg: BOL) and the vocationally guiding lear

  19. Chinese Vocational Education: Borrowing and Reforming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Jiang, Dayuan

    2013-01-01

    In July 2010 in Beijing, Lei Wang interviewed Professor Dayuan Jiang, Research Fellow at the Ministry of Education's Central Institute for Vocational and Technical Education about how China has drawn from foreign vocational education models and China's own innovation process. Jiang pointed out that Germany's educational philosophy and talent…

  20. Anomie and Vocational-Technical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, William P.; Miljus, Robert C.

    1973-01-01

    Graduates from a public, postsecondary vocational-technical school are compared with a control group to assess differences in level of anomie. While differences in some cases were minimal, vocational-technical graduates generally revealed more positive attitudes. It is suggested that since their education is more job-centered and they have…

  1. Vocation in Theology and Psychology: Conflicting Approaches?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotman, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Recent contributions in the fields of psychology, sociology, and theology reveal opposing attitudes about the subject of calling or vocation with regard to one's work. Whereas psychologists have rediscovered the concept, theologians increasingly show reluctance to accept a vocational view of work. In offering an alternative perspective, this…

  2. IVA. Improving Vocational Administration. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPD Consortium D, Richardson, TX.

    The Texas Improving Vocational Administration (IVA) project was conceived to improve preservice and inservice programs for vocational education administrators. Primary objectives were to (1) develop a method, including a survey, to determine existing inservice and preservice administrative training program competencies; (2) determine, using the…

  3. A Social Neuroscientific Model of Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Jo-Ida C.; Sullivan, Brandon A.; Luciana, Monica

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the separate literatures of a neurobiologically based approach system and vocational interests are reviewed and integrated into a social neuroscientific model of the processes underlying interests, based upon the idea of selective approach motivation. The authors propose that vocational interests describe the types of stimuli that…

  4. 20 CFR 638.503 - Vocational training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vocational training. 638.503 Section 638.503 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR JOB CORPS PROGRAM UNDER TITLE IV-B OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Center Operations § 638.503 Vocational training. (a)...

  5. 20 CFR 725.710 - Objective of vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Objective of vocational rehabilitation. 725... OF THE FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Medical Benefits and Vocational Rehabilitation § 725.710 Objective of vocational rehabilitation. The objective of vocational rehabilitation is...

  6. Some Practical Remedies for Providing Vocational Guidance for Everyone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    After describing some current problems in vocational guidance and summarizing relevant knowledge and theory in the field, this paper presents some practical plans, materials, and ideas for providing more useful vocational assistance to people of all ages. The paper reviews such prominent vocational guidance approaches as vocational information and…

  7. Hands-on creativity in Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tanggaard, Lene

    This presentation poses the question: what conception of the phenomenon of creativity is best suited to the field of vocational education? VET (Vocational Education and Training) aims to prepare people for employment in craft and industry. In this field, there is an ever-growing requirement...... for creativity and innovation. In response, it is my concern that an understanding of creativity be developed with vocational education and training in mind. It is not enough to import models from other areas, where the distinction between ideas and production or creativity and execution is often relatively hazy...... and therefore not well suited for VET comprising production, handcraft and industry. In Europe, vocational education schemes are considered the solid base on which almost all kinds of industry and craft depend. If Europe is to retain its innovative capacity, then vocational education, especially the capacity...

  8. The Effects of Vocational Training on Labor Force Experience. An Analysis of the Tennessee Area Vocational Technical School System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    To analyze the differential benefits from vocational training, a study was made involving 1,701 former students selected at random from 19 area vocational-technical schools in Tennessee. Major objectives of the study were to determine: (1) economic justification of vocational training, (2) wage differences among the vocationally trained and…

  9. Students' Meaning-Making and Sense-Making of Vocational Knowledge in Dutch Senior Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijlsma, Nienke; Schaap, Harmen; de Bruijn, Elly

    2016-01-01

    Meaning-making and sense-making are generally assumed to be part of students' personal vocational knowledge development, since they contribute to both students' socialisation in a vocation and students' personalisation of concepts, values and beliefs regarding that vocation. However, how students in vocational education acquire meaning and make…

  10. A manual-based vocational rehabilitation program for patients with an acquired brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoeffding, Louise K; Nielsen, Maria Haahr; Rasmussen, Morten A

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a complex injury often followed by a broad range of cognitive, physical, emotional, and behavioral disabilities. Because of these disabilities, vocational rehabilitation (VR) is a challenging task, however, of great importance, since approximately 75...... and possibly a cost-utility analysis of the intervention will be performed. DISCUSSION: This study consists of a comprehensive multidiciplinary VR intervention involving several parties such as the municipalities, a specialized rehabilitation team, and patients' own family caregivers. If this intervention...

  11. On the importance of Task 1 and error performance measures in PRP dual-task studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tilo eStrobach

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Psychological Refractory Period (PRP paradigm is a dominant research tool in the literature on dual-task performance. In this paradigm a first and second component task (i.e., Task 1 and 2 are presented with variable stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs and priority to perform Task 1. The main indicator of dual-task impairment in PRP situations is an increasing Task 2-RT with decreasing SOAs. This impairment is typically explained with some task components being processed strictly sequentially in the context of the prominent central bottleneck theory. This assumption could implicitly suggest that processes of Task 1 are unaffected by Task 2 and bottleneck processing, i.e. decreasing SOAs do not increase RTs and error rates of the first task. The aim of the present review is to assess whether PRP dual-task studies included both RT and error data presentations and statistical analyses and whether studies including both data types (i.e., RTs and error rates show data consistent with this assumption (i.e., decreasing SOAs and unaffected RTs and/ or error rates in Task 1. This review demonstrates that, in contrast to RT presentations and analyses, error data is underrepresented in a substantial number of studies. Furthermore, a substantial number of studies with RT and error data showed a statistically significant impairment of Task 1 performance with decreasing SOA. Thus, these studies produced data that is not primarily consistent with the strong assumption that processes of Task 1 are unaffected by Task 2 and bottleneck processing in the context of PRP dual-task situations; this calls for a more careful report and analysis of Task 1 performance in PRP studies and for a more careful consideration of theories proposing additions to the bottleneck assumption, which are sufficiently general to explain Task 1 and Task 2 effects.

  12. Discriminately Decreasing Discriminability with Learned Image Filters

    CERN Document Server

    Whitehill, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    In machine learning and computer vision, input images are often filtered to increase data discriminability. In some situations, however, one may wish to purposely decrease discriminability of one classification task (a "distractor" task), while simultaneously preserving information relevant to another (the task-of-interest): For example, it may be important to mask the identity of persons contained in face images before submitting them to a crowdsourcing site (e.g., Mechanical Turk) when labeling them for certain facial attributes. Another example is inter-dataset generalization: when training on a dataset with a particular covariance structure among multiple attributes, it may be useful to suppress one attribute while preserving another so that a trained classifier does not learn spurious correlations between attributes. In this paper we present an algorithm that finds optimal filters to give high discriminability to one task while simultaneously giving low discriminability to a distractor task. We present r...

  13. Attending to music decreases inattentional blindness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beanland, Vanessa; Allen, Rosemary A; Pammer, Kristen

    2011-12-01

    This article investigates how auditory attention affects inattentional blindness (IB), a failure of conscious awareness in which an observer does not notice an unexpected event because their attention is engaged elsewhere. Previous research using the attentional blink paradigm has indicated that listening to music can reduce failures of conscious awareness. It was proposed that listening to music would decrease IB by reducing observers' frequency of task-unrelated thoughts (TUTs). Observers completed an IB task that varied both visual and auditory demands. Listening to music was associated with significantly lower IB, but only when observers actively attended to the music. Follow-up experiments suggest this was due to the distracting qualities of the audio task. The results also suggest a complex relationship between IB and TUTs: during demanding tasks, as predicted, noticers of the unexpected stimulus reported fewer TUTs than non-noticers. During less demanding tasks, however, noticers reported more TUTs than non-noticers.

  14. Returns on vocational education over the life cycle: Between immediate labour market preparation and lifelong employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrijsen, Jeroen; Nicaise, Ides

    2017-03-01

    An important issue in the design of secondary-level education is the balance between conveying general and occupation-specific (vocational) skills. On the one hand, vocationally oriented programmes, providing occupation-specific skills with immediate labour market relevance, have repeatedly been shown to secure safe pathways into employment. On the other hand, these programmes tend to put less emphasis on developing general knowledge, skills and competencies, including numeracy and literacy, which are foundational to lifelong learning. Hence, when the needs of the labour market change, employees who opted for a vocational track when they were at secondary school risk being less flexible in adapting to such changes later in their career. The authors of this article examine whether this results in a trade-off between short-term gains and long-term losses by considering differences in the labour market careers of vocationally and generally educated respondents in the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Their results suggest that early labour market benefits of vocational specialisation decrease over time; the authors relate this to its lower ability to equip secondary school students - future employees - with skills for lifelong learning.

  15. Returns on vocational education over the life cycle: Between immediate labour market preparation and lifelong employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrijsen, Jeroen; Nicaise, Ides

    2017-04-01

    An important issue in the design of secondary-level education is the balance between conveying general and occupation-specific (vocational) skills. On the one hand, vocationally oriented programmes, providing occupation-specific skills with immediate labour market relevance, have repeatedly been shown to secure safe pathways into employment. On the other hand, these programmes tend to put less emphasis on developing general knowledge, skills and competencies, including numeracy and literacy, which are foundational to lifelong learning. Hence, when the needs of the labour market change, employees who opted for a vocational track when they were at secondary school risk being less flexible in adapting to such changes later in their career. The authors of this article examine whether this results in a trade-off between short-term gains and long-term losses by considering differences in the labour market careers of vocationally and generally educated respondents in the 2012 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). Their results suggest that early labour market benefits of vocational specialisation decrease over time; the authors relate this to its lower ability to equip secondary school students - future employees - with skills for lifelong learning.

  16. Vocational Training in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet BALCI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available European Union requires some standards in all areas. Today, the importance of training qualified individuals which holds an important place in the development of countries increases and certain standards are adopted creating common European Union tools in the field of vocational and technical education. In this study, vocational education and training policies system and the standards adopted by the European Union are discussed. Furthermore, this study was accepted as a European Union project in 2010 and the results obtained from the Leonardo Da Vinci Life Learning European Union project called “Web Based Basic Vocational Training” between the years 2010-2012 were presented. Since the partners of these projects are Turkey, Spain and Germany, the structure of vocational education, institutions of public and private vocational education and the diplomas and certificates entitled after these educations are included. As Turkey is on its way to become a European Union member, a number of advices are presented for Turkey to reach its destination about vocational education standards that European Union has aimed. The purpose of the study is not only to be a guide for the young who want to get professional training in the countries that are European Union members or candidates about how and where to have education opportunities but also to give a chance for trainers and training managers, participating in vocational training, so as to glimpse different practices from different countries and compare these practices between the countries of European Union and their countries. The study is also very important as it has the opportunities for training managers to see if their countries' vocational education is close enough to vocational education in European Union.

  17. ADL abilities and vocational competencies: Blue-collar workers aged 45 years and over.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikuchi, E

    1995-01-01

    A questionnaire composed of 55 items that addressed activities of daily living (ADL) abilities and 13 basic vocational competencies, such as memory and muscular power, was completed by 48 nondisabled male workers aged ≥45 years. The workers were all engaged in the manufacturing industry. All respondents found the following five tasks easy to do: wring a towel, put arms through sleeves, open and shut a door, turn a tap on and off, and open and shut a sliding door. Among basic vocational competencies, the highest performance, with but a small standard deviation, occurred with the muscular power competency; a low performance with a large standard deviation (P=0.05) occurred with concentration. No age difference was discerned in planning ability, cooperativeness, muscular power, staying power, manual adeptness, and sense of equilibrium, whereas in learning ability, agility, and concentration, people aged ≥65 years showed significantly lower performance (P=0.05). The characteristics of vocational competencies in manufacturing industry workers aged ≥45 years were fond to be linked to ADL abilities, and the effectiveness of the ADL abilities survey, prepared on an experimental basis, was confirmed for the evaluation of vocational competencies.

  18. Boulder Valley Schools Teen Parenting Program: An Exemplary Vocational Education Program Serving a Population with Special Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coyle-Williams, Maureen; Wermuth, Tom

    1990-01-01

    The Boulder Valley (Colorado) Teen Parenting Program is designed to meet the educational and vocational needs of pregnant or parenting adolescents. It focuses on the following goals: (1) decreasing the dropout rate of teen parents; (2) improving the health and well-being of children born to teen parents; (3) decreasing repeat pregnancies of teen…

  19. Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Revitalizing Technical and Vocational Education Training for Poverty ... with a population of 140 million people is battling with food insecurity, poverty and youth ... in education curricula, agricultural education and the rural poor was discussed.

  20. The "Rubella Bulge" and Vocational Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyks, Hollis W.

    1980-01-01

    The increased numbers and additional handicaps of deaf students born in the 1963-65 rubella epidemic require not more postsecondary programs, but rather strengthened programs and rehabilitation approaches to vocational and independent living skill training. (Author/CL)

  1. The EC discourse on vocational training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia

    2009-01-01

    This article traces the EC vocational training policy historically and describes the discursive alignments which brought the policy from a ‘common vocational training policy' as laid down in Article 128, in the Treaty of Rome to the Lisbon Lifelong Learning strategy. The argument is that vocational...... training has served as a lever for the gradual expansion of the policy field into both general and higher education and for the establishment of a European discourse on Lifelong Learning. In the article, Ball's concept of "policy as discourse" is used to identify the changing spaces of possibility within...... EC vocational training policy (Ball, What is policy? Texts, trajectories and toolboxes. Discourse, 13(2), 1993)....

  2. Vocational Information-Seeking Behavior: Another View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, Richard S.

    1984-01-01

    Used an unobtrusive measure to examine vocational information-seeking behavior (VISB) patterns in three groups of noncollege-bound youths (N=95). Results showed no meaningful relationship between VISB and certainty of choice or Holland type. (JAC)

  3. Vocational Education in Tourism: Conceptual Framework Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galina Shchuka

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the basic concepts that define the essence of the system of vocational education and helps to analyze the problem of tourism staffing support. According to authors’ hypothesis, the personnel problem is related to the imperfection of the tourism conceptual framework. As of all enterprises of travel industry only travel agencies and accommodation facilities work with tourists, the author proves that personnel training for these businesses is the major objective of vocational training in tourism.

  4. The computer paradigm in vocational guidance

    OpenAIRE

    Fogliatto, Hermelinda

    1999-01-01

    The technological advances in last decades have transformed the external resources of Vocational Counseling, Occupational Information and assessment of clients. Most computer systems follow a behaviorist-cognitive approach. However, the use of vocational counseling software is not exclusive to one conceptual approach. Computers are introduced in education from primary school; counselors and other educators are expected to use those systems. The attitude of counselors ranges from enthusiastic ...

  5. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes...... attempt to summarise the various effects that the colleges have in two relevant figures, namely retention rates of students and employment rates among students who have completed training programmes....

  6. Design of Trigonometry Apps for Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Bjarke; Andersen, Steffen; Majgaard, Gunver

    2012-01-01

    How can smartphones apps enrich the learning of mathematicsin vocational education? This article examines how mathematics teaching can be enriched by apps using smartphone sensors such as gyroscope, compass, camera, and touch screen in a aming context. An iterative and participatory design proces...... talk about our experience in implementing our design process and subsequently summarize the pros and cons of the application and the smartphone platform and how the app developed contributes to vocational mathematics teaching....

  7. Design of Trigonometry Apps for Vocational Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Bjarke; Andersen, Steffen; Majgaard, Gunver

    2012-01-01

    How can smartphones apps enrich the learning of mathematicsin vocational education? This article examines how mathematics teaching can be enriched by apps using smartphone sensors such as gyroscope, compass, camera, and touch screen in a aming context. An iterative and participatory design process...... talk about our experience in implementing our design process and subsequently summarize the pros and cons of the application and the smartphone platform and how the app developed contributes to vocational mathematics teaching....

  8. The competence-based didactic approach in initial vocational education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skubic-Ermenc Klara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines a didactic and curricular model that was developed to support the implementation of a competence-based approach, today prevailing in the European (initial vocational education and training (VET. It starts by presenting contemporary developments in the Slovenian VET, and then continues with a study of some of the underlying pedagogical concepts influencing the contemporary educational practice. The concept of competence, as it relates to the Slovenian VET, is discussed, and the new didactic model is presented in terms of its conceptualisation, realisation and evaluation. The model is built around the concepts of the competence- based didactic unit, and has been produced to help teachers support students in developing the ability to integrate knowledge, skills and attitudes, so that they are able to solve complex and unpredictable professional tasks and challenges. The article concludes with a discussion on the methodological limitations of the evaluation, and its transferability to other contexts.

  9. Distraction decreases prefrontal oxygenation: A NIRS study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozawa, Sachiyo; Hiraki, Kazuo

    2017-04-01

    When near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used to measure emotion-related cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes in the prefrontal cortex regions, the functional distinction of CBF changes is often difficult because NIRS is unable to measure neural activity in deeper brain regions that play major roles in emotional processing. The CBF changes could represent cognitive control of emotion and emotional responses to emotional materials. Supposing that emotion-related CBF changes in the prefrontal cortex regions during distraction are emotional responses, we examined whether oxygenated hemoglobin (oxyHb) decreases. Attention-demanding tasks cause blood flow decreases, and we thus compared the effects of visually paced tapping with different tempos, on distraction. The results showed that the oxyHb level induced by emotional stimulation decreased with fast-tempo tapping significantly more than slow-tempo tapping in ventral medial prefrontal cortex regions. Moreover, a Global-Local task following tapping showed significantly greater local-minus-global response time (RT) difference scores in the fast- and mid-tempo condition compared with those in the slow-tempo, suggesting an increased attentional focus, and decreased negative emotion. The overall findings indicate that oxyHb changes in a relatively long distraction task, as measured by NIRS, are associated with emotional responses, and oxyHb can be decreased by successfully performing attention-demanding distraction tasks.

  10. Regional gray matter correlates of vocational interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schroeder David H

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have identified brain areas related to cognitive abilities and personality, respectively. In this exploratory study, we extend the application of modern neuroimaging techniques to another area of individual differences, vocational interests, and relate the results to an earlier study of cognitive abilities salient for vocations. Findings First, we examined the psychometric relationships between vocational interests and abilities in a large sample. The primary relationships between those domains were between Investigative (scientific interests and general intelligence and between Realistic (“blue-collar” interests and spatial ability. Then, using MRI and voxel-based morphometry, we investigated the relationships between regional gray matter volume and vocational interests. Specific clusters of gray matter were found to be correlated with Investigative and Realistic interests. Overlap analyses indicated some common brain areas between the correlates of Investigative interests and general intelligence and between the correlates of Realistic interests and spatial ability. Conclusions Two of six vocational-interest scales show substantial relationships with regional gray matter volume. The overlap between the brain correlates of these scales and cognitive-ability factors suggest there are relationships between individual differences in brain structure and vocations.

  11. Medical sociology as a vocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosk, Charles L

    2014-12-01

    This article extends Weber's discussion of science as a vocation by applying it to medical sociology. Having used qualitative methods for nearly 40 years to interpret problems of meaning as they arise in the context of health care, I describe how ethnography, in particular, and qualitative inquiry, more generally, may be used as a tool for understanding fundamental questions close to the heart but far from the mind of medical sociology. Such questions overlap with major policy questions such as how do we achieve a higher standard for quality of care and assure the safety of patients. Using my own research, I show how this engagement takes the form of showing how simple narratives of policy change fail to address the complexities of the problems that they are designed to remedy. I also attempt to explain how I balance objectivity with a commitment to creating a more equitable framework for health care. © American Sociological Association 2014.

  12. The Music of the Higher Vocational Classroom Teaching%高职课堂教学之音

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹晓瑶

    2015-01-01

    The classroom is the main position of higher vocational education. It is the basic way to realize the training goal of higher vocational colleges. The reform of the classroom teaching is the ultimate goal of higher vocational education teaching reform. This paper introduced the task, the teaching idea updating of higher vocational classroom teaching. According to the practice of the higher vocational classroom teaching idea of"student-centered,teacher dominated" principle,how to use effective teaching means and tools to activate the classroom atmosphere and how to realize high quality classroom building,the paper has put forward specific opinions and suggestions.%课堂是高职教学工作的主阵地,是实现高职院校培养目标的根本途径,课堂教学的改革是高职教学改革的最终落脚点。介绍高职课堂教学的任务,高职课堂教学理念的更新,对高职课堂教学实践“学生为中心,教师占主导”原则和如何借助有效的教学手段和工具激活课堂氛围,实现高效优质课堂的构建提出具体的意见和建议。

  13. Human Resources Development: Vocational Guidance and Vocational Training. Report VIII (2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    The report presents responses from 57 member States of the International Labor Organization (ILO) to 16 questions as part of the preparation for placing an item entitled "Human resources development: vocational guidance and vocational training" on the agenda of the 59th (1974) Session of the ILO Conference. For each of the questions, the question…

  14. Relationship of Vocational Satisfaction to the Correspondence of Job Reinforcement and Vocational Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Robert R.; Weiss, David J.

    The Theory of Work Adjustment proposes that vocational satisfaction is a function of the correspondence between the reinforcers in the work environment and the individual's vocational needs. This hypothesis is tested by comparing the means and variances of measures of satisfaction for groups differing in degree of need-reinforcer correspondence.…

  15. Comparison of the Vocational Card Sort, the SDS, and the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takai, Ricky; Holland, John L.

    1979-01-01

    The Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit (VEIK), a combination of a Vocational Card Sort, the Self-Directed Search, and an action plan, was evaluated. High school girls took each of the tests. The VEIK failed to surpass the influence of its components. (Author/BEF)

  16. From Vocational Training to Open Learning Environments: Vocational Special Needs Education during Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirvonen, Maija

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the development of education of students with special needs in vocational education. The paper is based on a case study research conducted in 2001-2005 in Jyvaskyla Municipal Federation of Vocational Education in Central Finland. The study consisted of two parts: firstly of the historical analysis of special educational…

  17. Occupational Home Economics. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Accessing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

    This document contains home economics occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in child care, custom sewing, or food service. Access skills are defined as those skills needed to access vocational education…

  18. Student and Parent Images of Vocational Education Offerings: Declining Enrollment in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    To investigate factors that influence a student not to enroll in a high school vocational curriculum, a study sought to determine the following: (1) what relationships exist between the high school students' sex, race, socioeconomic status, and curriculum choice and the students' image of vocational education; and (2) what image of vocational…

  19. Vocational Education and Training in Kuwait: Vocational Education versus Values and Viewpoints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilboe, Wendy

    2011-01-01

    Since the opening up of private universities and colleges in the Kuwait education system in the late 1990s, there has been an explosion of tertiary institutions (both domestic and international) established in the country, with many of them offering vocational education and training. The move towards vocational and educational training forms part…

  20. Stop signals decrease choices for palatable foods through decreased food evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veling, H.P.; Aarts, H.A.G.; Stroebe, W.

    2013-01-01

    The present study explores whether presenting specific palatable foods in close temporal proximity of stop signals in a go/no-go task decreases subsequent evaluations of such foods among participants with a relatively high appetite. Furthermore, we tested whether any decreased evaluations could medi

  1. Stop signals decrease choices for palatable foods through decreased food evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veling, H.P.; Aarts, H.A.G.; Stroebe, W.

    2013-01-01

    The present study explores whether presenting specific palatable foods in close temporal proximity of stop signals in a go/no-go task decreases subsequent evaluations of such foods among participants with a relatively high appetite. Furthermore, we tested whether any decreased evaluations could

  2. Decreasing relative risk premium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Frank

    2007-01-01

    such that the corresponding relative risk premium is a decreasing function of present wealth, and we determine the set of associated utility functions. We find a new characterization of risk vulnerability and determine a large set of utility functions, closed under summation and composition, which are both risk vulnerable...... and have decreasing relative risk premium. We finally introduce the notion of partial risk neutral preferences on binary lotteries and show that partial risk neutrality is equivalent to preferences with decreasing relative risk premium...

  3. The Business English Teaching in Vocational Technology College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁

    2013-01-01

    The vocational business English teaching should adapt to the requirments of enterprise, focus on the practical applica⁃tion of business English, and empolder a teaching mode with vocational characteristics.

  4. Vocational Rehabilitation of Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poor, Charles R.

    1975-01-01

    Reviews historical development of organized vocational rehabilitation programming for the spinal cord injured in the United States. Significant factors that affect vocational rehabilitation outcomes with spinal cord injured persons are listed and discussed. (Author)

  5. Factors Concerning Students' Perceptions of Teaching Vocational Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, W. Wade; And Others

    1984-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the degree to which high school senior vocational agriculture students perceived vocational agriculture teachers' roles and responsibilities as encouraging or discouraging them to pursue a career in agricultural education. (JOW)

  6. Bilingual Vocational Education for Youths with Limited English Proficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Mary Jo

    1993-01-01

    Describes the Bilingual Vocational Education Program for Refugee Youth in Richmond, Virginia. Presents data that support the concept of mainstreaming refugee youth with limited English proficiency into public vocational education programs using the assistance of bilingual aides. (Author)

  7. Effective Management of Wastages in Vocational Education for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gold

    2012-07-26

    Jul 26, 2012 ... Abstract. This paper focused on the management of wastages in vocational Education for sustainable ... A number of strategies were proffered to curb wastages in vocational ..... CHEEBAL Global Prints, Ltd. Offiong A.A., Okon ...

  8. Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice and Postulated Value Dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laudeman, Kent A.; Griffeth, Paul

    1978-01-01

    The validity of Holland's vocational personality types and their relationship to value dimensions were examined in light of Holland's theory of vocational choice. The results generally supported Holland's postulated personality typologies and value dimensions. (Author/JKS)

  9. Holland's Theory of Vocational Choice and Postulated Value Dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laudeman, Kent A.; Griffeth, Paul

    1978-01-01

    The validity of Holland's vocational personality types and their relationship to value dimensions were examined in light of Holland's theory of vocational choice. The results generally supported Holland's postulated personality typologies and value dimensions. (Author/JKS)

  10. Teachers’ perceptions of the coaching role in secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ketelaar, Evelien; Den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Boshuizen, Els

    2012-01-01

    Ketelaar, E., Den Brok, P., Beijaard, D., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2012). Teachers’ perceptions of the coaching role in secondary vocational education. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 64(3), 295-315. doi:10.1080/13636820.2012.691534

  11. "Task" as Research Construct

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seedhouse, Paul

    2005-01-01

    The article examines "task" as research construct as predominantly conceived in terms of task-as-workplan in the task-based learning/second language acquisition literature. It is suggested that "task" has weak construct validity and ontology in an overwhelmingly quantitative paradigm because the construct has a "split personality."…

  12. Garbage Collection Scheduling of Aperiodic Tasks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ning Zhang; Guang-Ze Xiong

    2009-01-01

    In the previous work of garbage collection (GC) models, scheduling analysis was given based on an assumption that there were no aperiodic mutator tasks. However, it is not true in practical real-time systems. The GC algorithm which can schedule aperiodic tasks is proposed, and the variance of live memory is analyzed. In this algorithm, active tasks are deferred to be processed by GC until the states of tasks become inactive, and the saved sporadic server time can be used to schedule aperiodic tasks. Scheduling the sample task sets demonstrates that this algorithm in this paper can schedule aperiodic tasks and decrease GC work. Thus, the GC algorithm proposed is more flexible and portable.

  13. Evolution of vocational rehabilitation competencies in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Lynda R; Buys, Nicholas; Randall, Christine; Biggs, Herbert; Hazelwood, Zoe

    2010-06-01

    Over the past decade, there has been growth in the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services globally, as countries seek to control disability-related expenditure, yet there has been minimal research outside the United States on competencies required to work in this area. This study reports on research conducted in Australia to determine current job function and knowledge areas in terms of their importance and frequency of use in the provision of vocational rehabilitation. A survey comprising items from the Rehabilitation Skills Inventory-Amended and International Survey of Disability Management was completed by 149 rehabilitation counselors and items submitted to factor analysis. T-tests and analyses of variance were used to determine differences between scores of importance and frequency and differences in scores based on work setting and professional training. Six factors were identified as important and frequently used: (i) vocational counseling, (ii) professional practice, (iii) personal counseling, (iv) rehabilitation case management, (v) workplace disability case management, and (vi) workplace intervention and program management. Vocational counseling, professional practice and personal counseling were significantly more important and performed more frequently by respondents in vocational rehabilitation settings than those in compensation settings. These same three factors were rated significantly higher in importance and frequency by those with rehabilitation counselor training when compared with those with other training. In conclusion, although 'traditional' knowledge and skill areas such as vocational counseling, professional practice, and personal counseling were identified as central to vocational rehabilitation practice in Australian rehabilitation agencies, mean ratings suggest a growing emphasis on knowledge and skills associated with disability management practice.

  14. The Analysis of Vocational Aptitude Changing with Age

    OpenAIRE

    Wada, Masayuki; OGAWA, Kazuo; Akagi, Fumio; Osaki, Hirokazu; Kikuchi, Susumu

    1980-01-01

    The assumption that vocational aptitude changed with age and with the kind of occupation was examined from the tendency of the fitted curve for the score of the aptitude test. 9 vocational aptitudes were measured by the general vocational aptitude test by Japan Labor Ministry. Subjects were 382 male workers (design engineers, turners, welders, can manufacturing workers, and crane operators) of from 20 to 59 years old, and 348 male and female students (junior high school, vocational school, an...

  15. How to investigate the goal orientations of students in competence-based pre-vocational secondary education: choosing the right instrument.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopman, M.; Teune, P.J.; Beijaard, D.

    2008-01-01

    This study explores the psychometric properties of three instruments: a semi-structured interview, a questionnaire and a sorting task. The central question is which instrument is most suitable to investigate the goal orientations of students in competence-based Pre-Vocational Secondary Education. Th

  16. Schools and Work: Developments in Vocational Education. Cassell Education Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffey, David

    This book assesses the developing vocational functions of schools in Britain, identifies vocational values and policies, and discovers gaps in provision. Chapter 1 gives a summary analysis of school structural and curricular developments between medieval times and the reign of Victoria that were inspired by vocational or economic influences or had…

  17. 20 CFR 229.81 - Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation... Refusal to accept vocational rehabilitation. The DIB O/M is not payable for any month in which the disabled employee refuses, without good reason, to accept vocational rehabilitation services...

  18. A Theory-Ridden, Computerless, Impersonal Vocational Guidance System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    Beginning with a brief summary of the need for practical vocational guidance systems, the author explains his Self Directed Search for Educational and Vocational Planning (SDS), which was developed to provide a cheap, practical, vocational guidance system having a high degree of scientific validty and client effectiveness. The SDS is a…

  19. Institutionalization of Higher Vocational Education in China: A Neoinstitutionalist Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Jie

    2013-01-01

    From the perspective of neoinstitutionalism, higher vocational education has become an emerging institution in Chinese society. Its development over three decades entails a trend of institutionalization of higher vocational education. In such a process, higher vocational education is gaining legitimacy and experiencing isomorphic changes. Various…

  20. History of Adult Vocational Education in New Brunswick.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Brunswick Dept. of Education, Fredericton (Canada).

    This paper traces the development of adult vocational education in New Brunswick from its beginning in 1918 to the present. Highlights summarize the adult vocational history before confederation and to World War I, when the first Vocational Education Act was passed in 1918. The paper then summarizes the events of World War I and the Depression…

  1. Vocational Profiles and Internship Quality among Portuguese VET Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamboa, Vitor; Paixão, Maria Paula; de Jesus, Saúl Neves

    2014-01-01

    The provision of workplace-based experiences (internships) is an important component of the training program for students attending vocational education courses. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between internship quality and students vocational development, considering students' vocational profiles, in a sample of 346…

  2. Working Partnerships: A Joint Venture in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Clifton P.

    Joint Ventures in Vocational Education projects link participating businesses with secondary vocational programs in a cooperative relationship. These are voluntary arrangements between vocational programs and a public or private sector agency that combine the energies and resources of the partners to enrich various aspects of the vocational…

  3. Recent Research on Labor Market Outcomes of Secondary Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    This paper synthesizes the results of recent research on the labor market outcomes associated with participation in secondary vocational education. It is based on 10 studies conducted with national data and reported since passage of the 1976 amendments to the Vocational Education Act of 1963. Despite the problems of analyzing vocational outcomes…

  4. The Vocational Baccalaureate: A Gateway to Higher Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gendron, Benedicte

    2009-01-01

    Access to the baccalaureate and higher education in France has become more democratic. The introduction of the vocational baccalaureate has been part of this process, but remains a modest step forward given the very low take-up of vocational baccalaureate courses. If vocational education pathways in France are to become true gateways to higher…

  5. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  6. Vocational Training in the Development Process. The Singapore Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pillay, G. F.

    The planning and implementation of vocational training in Singapore (training primarily intended for school-leavers) is highly directed toward serving labor force development objectives. This paper explains the vocational training infrastructure (a national system, the conduct of which is vested in the Vocational and Industrial Training Board),…

  7. The Relative Good of Work: Reconsidering Vocation Eschatologically

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vos, Pieter

    2017-01-01

    Vocation, interpreted as the calling of every individual believer to serve God in ordinary life, has been an important feature of Protestantism. However, not only has the notion of vocation gradually disappeared from the late modern understanding of work and profession, the identification of vocation and work has also been criticized by…

  8. Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development and Vocational Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munley, Patrick H.

    1975-01-01

    Stage resolution attitudes, derived from the first six stage crises outlined by Erikson, were explored as variables influencing problems in vocational choice and vocational maturity. Findings indicated students who made adjusted vocational choices and developed mature career attitudes had also been more successful resolving the first six…

  9. Working Partnerships: A Joint Venture in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Clifton P.

    Joint Ventures in Vocational Education projects link participating businesses with secondary vocational programs in a cooperative relationship. These are voluntary arrangements between vocational programs and a public or private sector agency that combine the energies and resources of the partners to enrich various aspects of the vocational…

  10. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  11. Professional Identities of Vocational High School Students and Extracurricular Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan, Bilge Aslan; Altintas, Havva Ozge

    2017-01-01

    Vocational high schools are one of the controversial topics, and also the hardly touched fields in educational field. Students' profiles of vocational schools, their visions, and professional identity developments are not frequently reflected in the literature. Therefore, the main aim of the study is to research whether vocational high school…

  12. Financing Technical and Vocational Education: Modalities and Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    German Foundation for International Development (DSE), Bonn (Germany).

    The two papers in this document explain various options and modalities for UNEVOC (International Project on Technical and Vocational Education) Member States' financing of their individual systems of technical and vocational education and disseminating experiences in this area. "Financing Vocational Education and Training in Developing…

  13. Recalling academic tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, Franklin Gno

    This study was focused on what students remembered about five middle school science tasks when they were juniors and seniors in high school. Descriptions of the five tasks were reconstructed from available artifacts and teachers' records, notes and recollections. Three of the five tasks were "authentic" in the sense that students were asked to duplicate the decisions practitioners make in the adult world. The other two tasks were more typical school tasks involving note taking and preparation for a quiz. All five tasks, however, involved use of computers. Students were interviewed to examine what and how well they recalled the tasks and what forms or patterns of recall existed. Analysis of their responses indicated that different kinds of tasks produced different levels of recall. Authentically situated tasks were remembered much better than routine school tasks. Further, authentic tasks centered on design elements were recalled better than those for which design was not as pivotal. Patterns of recall indicated that participants most often recalled the decisions they made, the scenarios of the authentically situated tasks, the consequences of their tasks and the social contexts of the classroom. Task events, in other words, appeared to form a framework upon which students constructed stories of the tasks. The more salient the events, the richer the story, the deeper and more detailed the recall of the task. Thus, authentic tasks appeared to lend themselves to creating stories better than regular school tasks and therefore such tasks were recalled better. Implications of these patterns of recall are discussed with respect to issues of school learning and assessment.

  14. Decreasing Relative Risk Premium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Frank

    We consider the risk premium demanded by a decision maker with wealth x in order to be indifferent between obtaining a new level of wealth y1 with certainty, or to participate in a lottery which either results in unchanged present wealth or a level of wealth y2 > y1. We define the relative risk...... premium as the quotient between the risk premium and the increase in wealth y1–x which the decision maker puts on the line by choosing the lottery in place of receiving y1 with certainty. We study preferences such that the relative risk premium is a decreasing function of present wealth, and we determine...... relative risk premium in the small implies decreasing relative risk premium in the large, and decreasing relative risk premium everywhere implies risk aversion. We finally show that preferences with decreasing relative risk premium may be equivalently expressed in terms of certain preferences on risky...

  15. Decreasing Serial Cost Sharing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Østerdal, Lars Peter

    The increasing serial cost sharing rule of Moulin and Shenker [Econometrica 60 (1992) 1009] and the decreasing serial rule of de Frutos [Journal of Economic Theory 79 (1998) 245] have attracted attention due to their intuitive appeal and striking incentive properties. An axiomatic characterization...... of the increasing serial rule was provided by Moulin and Shenker [Journal of Economic Theory 64 (1994) 178]. This paper gives an axiomatic characterization of the decreasing serial rule...

  16. Kokkos? Task DAG Capabilities.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edwards, Harold C.; Ibanez, Daniel Alejandro

    2017-09-01

    This report documents the ASC/ATDM Kokkos deliverable "Production Portable Dy- namic Task DAG Capability." This capability enables applications to create and execute a dynamic task DAG ; a collection of heterogeneous computational tasks with a directed acyclic graph (DAG) of "execute after" dependencies where tasks and their dependencies are dynamically created and destroyed as tasks execute. The Kokkos task scheduler executes the dynamic task DAG on the target execution resource; e.g. a multicore CPU, a manycore CPU such as Intel's Knights Landing (KNL), or an NVIDIA GPU. Several major technical challenges had to be addressed during development of Kokkos' Task DAG capability: (1) portability to a GPU with it's simplified hardware and micro- runtime, (2) thread-scalable memory allocation and deallocation from a bounded pool of memory, (3) thread-scalable scheduler for dynamic task DAG, (4) usability by applications.

  17. The Effects of Vocational Leadership Development for Individuals Who Participated in the Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leimbach, Gale John

    The effects of vocational leadership development were studied for 23 Fellows enrolled in the 1992 Ohio Vocational Education Leadership Institute (OVELI). A literature review focused on four components: leadership styles, educational leadership development, vocational leadership development, and visionary leadership development. The Leadership…

  18. Developing Modern Vocational Education and Cultivating New Professional Farmers%发展现代职业教育培育新型职业农民

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何伟

    2014-01-01

    To foster the development of modern vocational education is not only an objective need for the social and economic development in China, but also a requirement for the national vocational education. The top priorities in developing vocational education are to establish a modern vocational education system and to clarify the relationship of the external and internal influencing factors. The development of modern agricultural vocational education system is one part of the whole vocational education system. Faced with the serious problem of the structural shortage of agricultural labor force, to develop a modern agricultural vocational education, to cultivate a great number of new-type professional farmers, and to construct an education and training system for them are important tasks for agricultural vocational colleges.%加快发展职业教育是我国社会经济发展的客观需要,也是国家对职业教育提出的要求。建立现代职业教育体系,理顺职业教育的内外关系,是当前职业教育发展的首要任务之一。现代农业职业教育体系建设是整个执教体系的一部分。面对农业劳动力的结构性短缺的严峻问题,发展现代农业职业教育、培养大量新型职业农民,构建新型职业农民培育制度体系,是农业职业类院校的一项重要任务。

  19. Monitoring supports performance in a dual-task paradigm involving a risky decision-making task and a working memory task

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bettina eGathmann

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Performing two cognitively demanding tasks at the same time is known to decrease performance. The current study investigates the underlying executive functions of a dual-tasking situation involving the simultaneous performance of decision making under explicit risk and a working memory task. It is suggested that making a decision and performing a working memory task at the same time should particularly require monitoring - an executive control process supervising behavior and the state of processing on two tasks. To test the role of a supervisory/monitoring function in such a dual-tasking situation we investigated 122 participants with the Game of Dice Task plus 2-back task (GDT plus 2-back task. This dual task requires participants to make decisions under risk and to perform a 2-back working memory task at the same time. Furthermore, a task measuring a set of several executive functions gathered in the term concept formation (Modified Card Sorting Test, MCST and the newly developed Balanced Switching Task (BST, measuring monitoring in particular, were used. The results demonstrate that concept formation and monitoring are involved in the simultaneous performance of decision making under risk and a working memory task. In particular, the mediation analysis revealed that BST performance partially mediates the influence of MCST performance on the GDT plus 2-back task. These findings suggest that monitoring is one important subfunction for superior performance in a dual-tasking situation including decision making under risk and a working memory task.

  20. Decreasing strabismus surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, A; Williams, B; Arora, A K; McNamara, R; Yates, J; Fielder, A

    2005-01-01

    Aim: To determine whether there has been a consistent change across countries and healthcare systems in the frequency of strabismus surgery in children over the past decade. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data on all strabismus surgery performed in NHS hospitals in England and Wales, on children aged 0–16 years between 1989 and 2000, and between 1994 and 2000 in Ontario (Canada) hospitals. These were compared with published data for Scotland, 1989–2000. Results: Between 1989 and 1999–2000 the number of strabismus procedures performed on children, 0–16 years, in England decreased by 41.2% from 15 083 to 8869. Combined medial rectus recession with lateral rectus resection decreased from 5538 to 3013 (45.6%) in the same period. Bimedial recessions increased from 489 to 762, oblique tenotomies from 43 to 121, and the use of adjustable sutures from 29 to 44, in 2000. In Ontario, operations for squint decreased from 2280 to 1685 (26.1%) among 0–16 year olds between 1994 and 2000. Conclusion: The clinical impression of decrease in the frequency of paediatric strabismus surgery is confirmed. In the authors’ opinion this cannot be fully explained by a decrease in births or by the method of healthcare funding. Two factors that might have contributed are better conservative strabismus management and increased subspecialisation that has improved the quality of surgery and the need for re-operation. This finding has a significant impact upon surgical services and also on the training of ophthalmologists. PMID:15774914

  1. Vocational and Technical Education Master's Employment-oriented Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晋琳

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,as China's rapid economic development,vocational and technical education has been gradually recognized by the society.As highly educated people,vocational and technical education graduate is an important force in the development of vocational education.But in reality,their employment orientation deviate from the trend of the profession and only a small part of them do related work after graducation.Combined with the current development status of vocational education,the article analysis the reasons of this problem and give policy recommendations,so as to create a good environment for vocational and technical education talented people.

  2. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    A new education program, Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy, has recently been implemented in Denmark to upskill vocational college teachers and improve didactics at VET colleges in general. Among many challenges, vocational college teachers have to adapt their pedagogy to a large number of students...... interviews with students from the Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy program and concepts developed by Bernstein and Bourdieu, the article analyzes how these aspects might affect the development of new vocational didactics. We know that it is not easy to change the culture of educational institutions...

  3. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    from backgrounds with no tradition for education. Despite historical changes, the education as vocational college teacher also struggles with the interplay between theory and practice in the program and great diversity among vocational college teachers. Based on empirical data from focus group......A new education program, Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy, has recently been implemented in Denmark to upskill vocational college teachers and improve didactics at VET colleges in general. Among many challenges, vocational college teachers have to adapt their pedagogy to a large number of students......, and the analysis uncovers several factors that are expected to hamper the development processes....

  4. Vocation in theology-based nursing theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundmark, Mikael

    2007-11-01

    By using the concepts of intrinsicality/extrinsicality as analytic tools, the theology-based nursing theories of Ann Bradshaw and Katie Eriksson are analyzed regarding their explicit and/or implicit understanding of vocation as a motivational factor for nursing. The results show that both theories view intrinsic values as guarantees against reducing nursing practice to mechanistic applications of techniques and as being a way of reinforcing a high ethical standard. The theories explicitly (Bradshaw) or implicitly (Eriksson) advocate a vocational understanding of nursing as being essential for nursing theories. Eriksson's theory has a potential for conceptualizing an understanding of extrinsic and intrinsic motivational factors for nursing but one weakness in the theory could be the risk of slipping over to moral judgments where intrinsic factors are valued as being superior to extrinsic. Bradshaw's theory is more complex and explicit in understanding the concept of vocation and is theologically more plausible, although also more confessional.

  5. Vocational Counseling and Training for Medical Degrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkis Mercedes Vicente Sánchez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Deciding on a university degree is undoubtedly a difficult choice. This situation brings about fear of failing and disappointing yourself and others, which is a common feeling among high school students, becoming a source of anxiety and stress. This demonstrates the need for an appropriate vocational and professional guidance. In Cuba, this subject is gaining importance, since a greater number of youngsters have the opportunity to choose from more professions; thus, deciding on one or the other is a problem of great practical and social impact. Vocational guidance and training in the Cuban educational context aims to reaffirm the inclination of youth towards medical studies, where they fully develop their potential, on the basis of consolidating values and feelings, and a high social, moral and unconditional commitment to the practice of the profession. This paper presents various issues that currently affect vocational guidance and the role of each of the major participants in the process itself.

  6. Wellbeing and smoking at Danish vocational schools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Susan; Rod, Morten Hulvej; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær

    Background School dropout and health risk behavior represent major problems among students attending vocational education in Denmark and many other countries. Modifications to the social environment may promote educational attainment as well as the health and wellbeing of young people. However......, there is a need for more evidence-based intervention programs. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a settings-based intervention (Shaping the Social) at vocational schools on student wellbeing and smoking. Methods We employed a non-randomized controlled trial of 5794 students (mean age 21...... years; 81% male) in 10 (four intervention and six comparison) large vocational schools in Denmark. The intervention integrated social activities with professional learning and focused on four themes: introduction activities; daily class meetings; scheduled breaks; creating a pleasant non-smoking...

  7. Decreasing relative risk premium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Frank

    2007-01-01

    We consider the risk premium demanded by a decision maker in order to be indifferent between obtaining a new level of wealth with certainty, or to participate in a lottery which either results in unchanged wealth or an even higher level than what can be obtained with certainty. We study preferences...... such that the corresponding relative risk premium is a decreasing function of present wealth, and we determine the set of associated utility functions. We find a new characterization of risk vulnerability and determine a large set of utility functions, closed under summation and composition, which are both risk vulnerable...... and have decreasing relative risk premium. We finally introduce the notion of partial risk neutral preferences on binary lotteries and show that partial risk neutrality is equivalent to preferences with decreasing relative risk premium...

  8. Sequential modulation of cue use in the task switching paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike eWendt

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In task switching studies, pre-cuing of the upcoming task improves performance, indicating preparatory activation of the upcoming task set and/or inhibition of the previous task set. To further investigate cue-based task preparation, the authors presented both valid and invalid task cues in a task switching experiment involving three tasks. Consistent with previous findings, a validity effect in terms of higher reaction times on invalidly compared to validly cued tasks was obtained. However, this validity effect was reduced following invalidly cued trials, suggesting dynamic adjustment in terms of decreased cue-based preparation after being misled. Performance was particularly impaired when the current task was the one that was invalidly cued on the preceding trial. This finding may reflect either particular reluctance to prepare or persisting inhibition of the erroneously prepared task set from the pre-trial.

  9. Sequential Modulation of Cue Use in the Task Switching Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, Mike; Luna-Rodriguez, Aquiles; Reisenauer, Renate; Jacobsen, Thomas; Dreisbach, Gesine

    2012-01-01

    In task switching studies, pre-cuing of the upcoming task improves performance, indicating preparatory activation of the upcoming task-set, and/or inhibition of the previous task-set. To further investigate cue-based task preparation, the authors presented both valid and invalid task cues in a task switching experiment involving three tasks. Consistent with previous findings, a validity effect in terms of higher reaction times on invalidly compared to validly cued tasks was obtained. However, this validity effect was reduced following invalidly cued trials, suggesting dynamic adjustment in terms of decreased cue-based preparation after being misled. Performance was particularly impaired when the current task was the one that was invalidly cued on the preceding trial. This finding may reflect either particular reluctance to prepare or persisting inhibition of the erroneously prepared task-set from the pre-trial. PMID:22908004

  10. Project Tasks in Robotics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Torben; Hansen, Poul Erik

    1998-01-01

    Description of the compulsary project tasks to be carried out as a part of DTU course 72238 Robotics......Description of the compulsary project tasks to be carried out as a part of DTU course 72238 Robotics...

  11. Benchmarking Danish Vocational Education and Training Programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    This study paper discusses methods whereby Danish vocational education and training colleges can be benchmarked, and presents results from a number of models. It is conceptually complicated to benchmark vocational colleges, as the various colleges in Denmark offer a wide range of course programmes....... This makes it difficult to compare the resources used, since some programmes by their nature require more classroom time and equipment than others. It is also far from straightforward to compare college effects with respect to grades, since the various programmes apply very different forms of assessment...

  12. Decreasing serial cost sharing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    2009-01-01

    The increasing serial cost sharing rule of Moulin and Shenker (Econometrica 60:1009-1037, 1992) and the decreasing serial rule of de Frutos (J Econ Theory 79:245-275, 1998) are known by their intuitive appeal and striking incentive properties. An axiomatic characterization of the increasing serial...

  13. Decreasing Serial Cost Sharing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Østerdal, Lars Peter

    The increasing serial cost sharing rule of Moulin and Shenker [Econometrica 60 (1992) 1009] and the decreasing serial rule of de Frutos [Journal of Economic Theory 79 (1998) 245] have attracted attention due to their intuitive appeal and striking incentive properties. An axiomatic characterization...

  14. Launching Complex Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Kara J.; Shahan, Emily C.; Gibbons, Lynsey K.; Cobb, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    Mathematics lessons can take a variety of formats. In this article, the authors discuss lessons organized around complex mathematical tasks. These lessons usually unfold in three phases. First, the task is introduced to students. Second, students work on solving the task. Third, the teacher "orchestrates" a concluding whole-class discussion in…

  15. Task assignment and coaching

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dominguez-Martinez, S.

    2009-01-01

    An important task of a manager is to motivate her subordinates. One way in which a manager can give incentives to junior employees is through the assignment of tasks. How a manager allocates tasks in an organization, provides information to the junior employees about his ability. Without coaching fr

  16. The effects of school systems, teacher internal characteristics, and students on vocational teacher stress

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Elaine

    1996-01-01

    Job stress is a multidimensional phenomenon. The researcher sought to examine variables that cause vocational teachers to experience stress in their teaching occupations and to evaluate the effects of these related stressors. This research evaluated the relationships between school systems and vocational teacher stress, teacher internal characteristics and vocational teacher stress, and students and vocational teacher stress. It also analyzed vocational teacher stre...

  17. The neurodynamics underlying attentional control in set shifting tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stemme, Anja; Deco, Gustavo; Busch, Astrid

    2007-09-01

    In this work we address key phenomena observed with classical set shifting tasks as the "Wisconsin Card Sorting Test" or the "Stroop" task: Different types of errors and increased response times reflecting decreased attention. A component of major importance in these tasks is referred to as the "attentional control" thought to be implemented by the prefrontal cortex which acts primarily by an amplification of task relevant information. This mode of operation is illustrated by a neurodynamical model developed for a new kind of set shifting experiment: The Wisconsin-Delayed-Match-to-Sample task combines uninstructed shifts as investigated in Wisconsin-like tasks with a Delayed-Match-to-Sample paradigm. These newly developed WDMS experiments in conjunction with the neurodynamical simulations are able to explain the reason for decreased attention in set shifting experiments as well the different consequences of decreased attention in tasks requiring bivalent yes/no responses compared to tasks requiring multivalent responses.

  18. 浅析高职数学模块化教学%A Brief Analysis of Mathematics Modularity Teaching in Higher Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王祝园

    2011-01-01

    The mathematic teaching in higher vocational schools faces the following questions:fewer hours,the arduous tasks,the poor quality of students,so its teaching must be reformed.So the paper carries out an initial study on modularity teaching of mathematics in higher vocational schools.%高职数学教学面临着课时少、任务重、学生素质差的现状和问题,教学改革势在必行。为此,本文对高职数学采用模块化教学进行了初步探讨。

  19. Promoting VET Teachers' Innovative Behaviour: Exploring the Roles of Task Interdependence, Learning Goal Orientation and Occupational Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Runhaar, Piety; Bednall, Timothy; Sanders, Karin; Yang, Huadong

    2016-01-01

    Changing employer demands, new technological and pedagogical insights are examples of developments which urge Vocational Education and Training (VET) institutes to continually renew and innovate their educational programmes. This, in turn, requires teachers to show innovative behaviour. Our study focuses on the effects of task interdependence on…

  20. [Rehabilitation counselors' vocational fields of activity: empirical findings of an exploratory study in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niehaus, M; Marfels, B; Bauer, J

    2013-10-01

    In the light of far-reaching demographic and sociopolitical changes, the demand for rehabilitation counseling experts increases. Internationally scientific research has long recognised the importance of professional support for successful vocational rehabilitation of people with illnesses and disabilities. In Germany, however, there has been a lack of systematic research in this field. The present exploratory study aims to fill this gap by investigating the status quo of rehabilitation counselors' vocational fields of activity in Germany. The study was conducted anonymously as an online-survey. An international questionnaire which covers a wide range of tasks that can play a role in the day-to-day work of rehabilitation counseling experts was used. Within the project it was translated into German and adapted to the German rehabilitation system. 217 rehabilitation counselors completed the survey. Socio-demographic information and information concerning the participant's working biography were evaluated descriptively. To analyze the questionnaire data, principal component analysis was undertaken. The majority of respondents indicated to be performing tasks from different fields of activity in their daily routine. The essential and main field of activity though appeared to be the individual work with the client. Managerial tasks on an organizational level turned out to be less important. Furthermore, it became clear that the terms the respondents used to name their qualification and their current job title varied in a confusing way. This implicates that it was not always possible to infer from the job title of a person to their actual vocational tasks. Moreover, the participants expressed that they see a need for action concerning their vocational training as well as their professional tasks. German rehabilitation counseling experts can be characterized as "generalists" who cover different fields of activity in their daily routine. Their main activity is the

  1. Technical and Vocational Education and Training - Curricula Reform Demand in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruque A. Haolader

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This case study investigates the Diploma-in-Engineering (Electronics Technology curriculum in Bangladesh. It includes student assessment approach and learning/ teaching outcomes, and compares them with Germany’s initial vocational training in the Dual System. The required data was collected through a selfdesigned test and a questionnaire. The test measured mainly students’ technical competencies, particularly in the case of practical relevant tasks. Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies were used to analyze the data. A comparison between the polytechnic students and vocational school trainees in Germany at different cognitive levels was made. The findings show that the polytechnic students in Bangladesh perform poorly. It was found that the differences in the categories of Apply and Understand were bigger than the difference in the category of Remember. Furthermore, this study investigated and found that the student assessment approaches in Bangladesh and Germany differ greatly regarding their theoretical requirements and practical relevance. The Diploma curriculum mainly focuses on theoretical matters. Germany’s learning field based curriculum in vocational schools focuses on practice oriented learning and teaching, and fosters the trainees’ knowledge transfer capability. The current TVET reform in Bangladesh that introduces CBTandA, among others, may address these issues and help Bangladeshi TVET graduates to compete in an international labour market.

  2. Task design Principles and Evaluations in English Teaching of Vocational & Technical Colleges based on Gestalt Psychology%基于格式塔心理学的高职英语课堂任务设计原则及效果评测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨成青; 王立研

    2012-01-01

    Task design principles and its evaluations are introduced based on the general psychological characteristics of students, Gestalt psychology and abundant methodologies to train the interest in English learning of the students and enhance the teaching quality.%根据高职学生的普遍心理特征,基于格式塔心理学原理与各种课堂任务设计原则,提出适于高职外语课堂的任务设计原则,以改善高职英语课堂的静、冷现象,增加课堂的情境互动活动参与率,提高课堂的教学质量。

  3. Perspectives on Vocational Behavior, 1986: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slaney, Robert B.; Russell, Joyce E. A.

    1987-01-01

    Based on perspectives of counseling psychology and industrial/organizational psychology, this article reviews publications relevant to vocational behavior that appeared during 1986. Of the over 700 articles and 70 books or book chapters located, slightly less than one-half are reviewed. (Author/NB)

  4. Global Reconstructions of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avis, James

    2012-01-01

    In this introduction to the special issue, the author examines the wider context within which vocational education and training (VET) is set and the surrounding debates. He considers the prominence of neoliberalism and notions of competitiveness, crisis, skill and knowledge. Despite differences between systems of VET with respect to their reach…

  5. John Holland's Vocational Typology and Personality Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogan, Robert; Blake, Rex

    1999-01-01

    The literature provides evidence of links between measures of personality and vocational interests as theorized by Holland. Personality and interest assessments offer critical information for predicting career success. Personality assessment reflects the individual viewed by an observer and interest measurement reflects the individual's…

  6. Diagnostic Scheme for Specifying Vocational Assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; And Others

    The validity of some theoretically-derived vocational diagnostic signs was examined to learn if a person's self-knowledge, occupational knowledge, and decision-making ability were predictable. Diverse samples of high school juniors (N = 1005), college juniors (N = 692), and employed adults (N = 140) were administered the Self-Directed Search (the…

  7. Vocational Rehabilitation for Women with Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stace, Sheila

    1987-01-01

    Women with disabilities have limited access to the labor market owing to the double disadvantage of being both disabled and female. The current rehabilitation system is inadequate to meet this population's needs. Further research, broader action programs, changes in vocational rehabilitation, and active measures against discrimination are needed.…

  8. Achieving Sex Equity via Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetsch, David L.; Gulledge, Earl N.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews the women's rights movement and discusses the evolution of society's attitudes toward women. Discusses the goals and methods of Okaloosa-Walton Junior College Sex Equity Plan, a vocational education program for achieving sex equity. Highlights five major components: education, student recruitment, self-paced, self-directed instruction, job…

  9. Ordinal Position Research Related to Vocational Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandy, Gerald L.

    1974-01-01

    Birth order studies directly related to vocational interest were reviewed to discern support for certain theoretical susumptions: firstborns are more directing, controlling, and organizing than later borns and later borns are more sociable, empathic, and sympathetic than firstborns. The research was inconsistent, contradictory, and speculative.…

  10. Evaluating Vocational Programs: A Three Dimensional Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Sharaf N.; Nejad, Mahmoud

    The traditional methods of assessing the academic programs in the liberal arts are inappropriate for evaluating vocational and technical programs. In traditional academic disciplines, assessment of instruction is conducted in two fashions: student evaluation at the end of a course and institutional assessment of its goals and mission. Because of…

  11. Vocational Teacher Stress and Internal Characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Elaine

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 235 Virginia vocational teachers examined 6 internal characteristics that would affect stress: role preparedness, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, illness symptoms, locus of control, and self-esteem. Role preparedness, illness symptoms, and self-esteem were significant contributors in explaining teacher stress. (SK)

  12. Vocational perspectives after spinal cord injury

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schonherr, MC; Groothoff, JW; Mulder, GA; Eisma, WH; Schönherr, M.C.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To give insight into the vocational situation several years after a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and describe the personal experiences and unmet needs; to give an overview of health and functional status per type of SCI and their relationship with employment status. Design: Descript

  13. Agribusiness Management. The Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

    These materials in agribusiness management for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum were designed for use in the following areas: Animal Science; Plant Science; Agricultural Mechanics; and Natural Resources and Aquaculture. Each unit of this competency-based guide contains title of unit, unit length, grade level, objectives, teacher…

  14. Dental Assisting Course. Bilingual Vocational Instructional Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Cox, Guadalupe

    This course in dental assisting, one of a series of bilingual English-Spanish vocational education courses, is designed to prepare the student to assist the dentist at the chairside in the dental operatory, to perform reception and clerical functions, and to carry out selected dental laboratory work. The course covers an introduction to the…

  15. Special Education and Vocational Education Compatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshinaga, Myrtle E.; Kallman, James R.

    1977-01-01

    The differences in the developmental philosophies of vocational education personnel and special education personnel, and the effects of these differences on students, are discussed. The need to examine specific job skills, to work with groups and modify group-developed materials, and to look at individual students prescriptively are discussed.…

  16. Children's Vocational Development: A Research Rationale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porfeli, Erik J.; Hartung, Paul J.; Vondracek, Fred W.

    2008-01-01

    Vocational development research and interventions have focused primarily on adolescents and young adults. The lack of attention to career development antecedents in children has led to a serious neglect of this period of life when the foundation is laid for career choices and outcomes in later life. A harmful by-product is the frequent preclusion…

  17. Integrating Computer Literacy into the Vocational Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whatley, Myra N.

    In the summer of 1983, a centralized microcomputer laboratory was established on the Sarasota County Vocational Technical Center campus. Computers (IBM PCs, APPLE IIes, and TRS-80s) were installed and the teacher who had written the program proposal was chosen to teach the course of instruction to be offered by the laboratory. When classes began…

  18. Research and Development Needs of Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V., Ed.

    Intended to provide information on applied research and development (R&D) priorities in vocational education and on the type of R&D required for each need, this report is divided into (1) an introduction to the problem and procedures, (2) a content analysis of selected documents, and (3) background papers for selected need areas. Chapter 1…

  19. Cosmetology Reading Strategies. 1980 Vocational Reading Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, L. Jay; And Others

    Cosmetology Reading Strategies is one of five instructional guides in the Reading Strategies in Vocational Education Series. Developed to assist teachers working with students considered disadvantaged because of reading deficiency, the guide contains several strategies, suitable for adaptation, specifically related to cosmetology instruction. Each…

  20. Integrating Science with Technical and Vocational Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Larry; Shreckengast, Craig

    This guide presents learning activities and lesson plans that integrate science with technical and vocational areas. Activities and plans are organized under broad headings such as Environmental Science and Acid Rain Research; Criminal Justice, Chemistry, and Narcotics; Children's Education and Services; Cosmetology; and Health Professions.…

  1. Revised Recommendation Concerning Technical and Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    The UNESCO (United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) revised recommendation setting forth general principles, goals, and guidelines concerning technical and vocational education (adopted by the General Conference at its 18th session in Paris, 19 November 1974) is presented under the following headings: (1) Technical and…

  2. Vocational Education and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Cynthia Paes

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship of students with learning and the university in the context of current challenges to vocational education and economic development. Inspired by the research of Pierre Bourdieu, this case study focuses on the relationship of students to learning and the university in Brazil. The survey gathered elements that…

  3. English Higher Education and Its Vocational Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry, Gareth

    2015-01-01

    Distinctions between academic, vocational and professional education inform but do not define the divisions of English higher education. Nevertheless, there are zones where courses, qualifications and institutions are specifically oriented to the world of work. These include most short-cycle higher education, large parts of undergraduate and…

  4. High Technology in the Vocational Agriculture Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camp, William G.

    While many aspects of high technology may be directly applicable in the vocational agricultural classroom, the primary thrust of high technology into such programs, at least in the short range, will be centered around the microcomputer. Because of its cost and availability, the microcomputer will continue to play an ever increasing role in…

  5. VR closure rates for two vocational models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Virginia V; Jones, Amanda M; Frounfelker, Rochelle; Harding, Brian; Hardin, Teresa; Bond, Gary R

    2008-01-01

    The Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment is an evidence-based practice for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. To be financially viable, IPS programs require funding from the state-federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) system. However, some observers have questioned the compatibility of IPS and the VR system. Using a randomized controlled trial comparing IPS to a well-established vocational program called the Diversified Placement Approach (DPA), we examined rates of VR sponsorship and successful VR closures. We also describe the establishment of an active collaboration between a psychiatric rehabilitation agency and the state VR system to facilitate rapid VR sponsorship for IPS clients. Both IPS and DPA achieved a 44% rate of VR Status 26 closure when considering all clients entering the study. IPS and DPA averaged similar amount of time to achieve VR sponsorship. Time from vocational program entry to Status 26 was 51 days longer on average for IPS. Even though several IPS principles seem to run counter to VR practices, such as zero exclusion and rapid job search, we found IPS closure rates comparable to those for DPA, a vocational model that screens for readiness, provides prevocational preparation, and extensively uses agency-run businesses.

  6. Secondary Vocational Horticulture Programs--An Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnett, Michael F.; Smith, Charles W.

    1983-01-01

    The objectives of the study were to determine characteristics of secondary horticulture teachers, the structure of horticulture departments, funding sources, nature and scope of facilities, types of supervised occupational experience programs in which horticulture students participated, and curriculum characteristics of vocational horticulture…

  7. Commercial Refrigeration Technology. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    The program guide for commercial refrigeration technology courses in Florida identifies primary considerations for the organization, operation, and evaluation of a vocational education program. Following an occupational description for the job title for refrigeration mechanic, and its Dictionary of Occupational Titles code, are six sections…

  8. Vocational Choice: A Decision Making Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauermann, Henry

    2005-01-01

    We propose a model of vocational choice that can be used for analyzing and guiding the decision processes underlying career and job choices. Our model is based on research in behavioral decision making (BDM), in particular the choice goals framework developed by Bettman, Luce, and Payne (1998). The basic model involves two major processes. First,…

  9. FORCE Containing Vocational Training in Europe. Vademecum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    FORCE Technical Assistance Office, Brussels (Belgium).

    The aim of the FORCE program is to promote the continuing vocational training of workers in Member States of the European Community (EC). FORCE offers assistance at national and EC levels in implementing measures to enhance both the development and quality of continuing training. Measures at the national level comprise the preparation of regular…

  10. Decision-Making Style and Vocational Maturity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Susan D.; Strohmer, Douglas C.

    1982-01-01

    Examined the relationship between decision-making style, scholastic achievement, and vocational maturity for college students (N=64). Results did not support the hypothesized relationship between rationality and attitudinal and cognitive maturity. Scholastic achievement and lack of dependent decision style were found to be moderately predictive of…

  11. Parental Influence on College and Vocational Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venerable, Wilbur R.

    1974-01-01

    Reports on a survey made of 300 freshmen college students on the amount of perceived parental influence on college and vocational choice. Although students surveyed indicated that they made their own decisions, most said that they sought parental advice on important issues. (Author/PC)

  12. Dual model of vocational education: Austrian example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomić Milica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dual education, as a form of secondary vocational education means that education and practical training are held on two locations - in school and in a company (organization, factory and that these two institutions jointly participate in the realization of vocational education. The paper presents an account of the functioning of dual education in Austria. In that framework special attention was paid to law regulations in this field, the modes of dual education, progression through the system and the perspectives of the young in the labour market. Among the key features of dual education which are, at the same time, considered the factors of its successfulness, the following stand out: active role of social partners in the conceptualization and realization of vocational education; intensive practical training of high quality; systemic interrelatedness of vocational schools and firms where practical training is provided, the compliance of the offer of educational profiles and the needs of labour market; the system of stimulation for the firms that provide professional training for students, clear legislation and the system of professional qualifications. Yet, the challenges of dual educations are not neglected in the paper.

  13. Nepal: Vocational Educator's Role in Elementary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stitt, Thomas R.

    1974-01-01

    The innovative vocational education program of the elementary grades in the developing country of Nepal focuses on "self-help" within the "practical arts" (agriculture, trade and industrial, and home science fields) and emphasizes application of subject matter to students' daily lives, integration of skills into the curriculum, and occupational…

  14. Desiderata: Towards Indigenous Models of Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Frederick T. L.; Pearce, Marina

    2011-01-01

    As a result of a relative lack of cross-cultural validity in most current (Western) psychological models, indigenous models of psychology have recently become a popular approach for understanding behaviour in specific cultures. Such models would be valuable to vocational psychology research with culturally diverse populations. Problems facing…

  15. Desiderata: Towards Indigenous Models of Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Frederick T. L.; Pearce, Marina

    2011-01-01

    As a result of a relative lack of cross-cultural validity in most current (Western) psychological models, indigenous models of psychology have recently become a popular approach for understanding behaviour in specific cultures. Such models would be valuable to vocational psychology research with culturally diverse populations. Problems facing…

  16. Vocational Education Curriculum Development. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlichting, Harley

    A project was conducted at the University of Missouri-Columbia to develop, revise, and complete curriculum materials for nine secondary vocational education programs and specialized areas: forestry, advanced crops, clerical/secretarial, junior high home economics, textile fibers, drafting and design, metals, licensed practical nursing/advanced…

  17. Vocational and Technical Education Reform in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilic, Abdurrahman

    2006-01-01

    Turkey is a country where individual rights and freedom of people are improving. It is known that a free market economy is in its infancy. There is a strong relationship between developed human resources and the production sector. In this sense, vocational and technical education is very important. It cannot be said that the efforts for…

  18. Developing Vocational Competences during Secondary School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behle, Heike

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Using the example of an amalgamated secondary school qualification (International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme--IBCP), in which both vocational education and training (VET) and academic subjects are taught, the paper aims to discuss the use of skills and knowledge gained during the IBCP for post-secondary school activities.…

  19. Brain Damage in Deaf Vocational Rehabilitation Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getz, Marc; Vernon, McCay

    1986-01-01

    Screening of 54 deaf vocational clients by the Bender-Gestalt and other tests indicated the likely presence of significantly more brain damage than among the hearing population with a particularly high correlation between low IQ and brain damage in the deaf population. (DB)

  20. Vocational Education and Learning in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Carvalho, Cynthia Paes

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the relationship of students with learning and the university in the context of current challenges to vocational education and economic development. Inspired by the research of Pierre Bourdieu, this case study focuses on the relationship of students to learning and the university in Brazil. The survey gathered elements that…

  1. Teachers Opinions about the Problems of the Girls Vocational High Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahattin DEMİRTAŞ

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The first step about Girls Vocational High School, one of the components of vocational and technical education, was the opening of İsmet Pasa Girls Institute in 1927, the number of which gradually increased. Until 1975, these institutes which continued as girls institute were named after Girls Vocational High Schools with the accordance of the principles of Five Year-Development Plans and 9th National Educational Meeting. 14th İtem of “Law regarding the duties and organization of National Education” made possible this current situation. The purpose of this research, is to put forward teachers opinions about the problems that exist in Vocational High Schools for Girls. In this research qualitative interview technique is used. 102 Teachers who are employed in Vocational High Schools for Girls in Ankara city center are being interviewed and the their opinions are analyzed.As a result of this research, teachers in Vocational High Schools for Girls stated that schools are financially in bad situation, circulating capital (other funding options are limited is deficient, and (governmental subsidies are very low appropriation from the budget is low. They also indicated that “Teacher quality was partially good but currently it is not satisfactory. They mentioned that in-service training activities should be handled with care, and corrective actions must be taken to keep up to date technology.” They stated that “Student quality is decreasing everyday; and to increase the levels of Student Success at Schools could be done by cooperating with companies in related Industries.” They also indicated that “There are some limitations with the educational equipment as well; new equipments and hardware must be provided in order to keep up with the technology. Tools, devices and hardware are not enough and new devices should be bought to keep up with the technology.” Students stated that “They are having some difficulties about continuing

  2. Examination on Utilitarian Vocational Education%浅论职业教育功利化现象审视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白永宏

    2011-01-01

    Utilitarianism is more and more seriously in China's talent training of vocational education. Utilitarian tendency is reflect of "instrumental rationalism" in vocational education, and is a hidden risk. From the views of division of labor in society. essence of vocational education, and social actual situation, it is the task of top priority to combine instrumental rationality and value rationality, take human development as logic to realize the transform of vocational education model.%当前我国职业教育人才培养过程中的功利化不断凸显.功利化倾向是"工具理性主义"在职业教育领域的具体体现,是一种潜藏的危机.从社会分工、职业教育本质以及社会现实条件的整体视角,把工具理性和价值理性有机结合起来,以"人"的发展为逻辑,实现职业教育范式的转换,乃当务之急.

  3. 高职院校创新教育试论%On Innovation Education in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶建国

    2012-01-01

    Innovation is the soul of a nation, and the innovation education in higher vocational colleges is an imminent important matter. It is the new task of development for higher vocational education demanded by the rapid development of the society. Higher vocational colleges must be committed to comprehensive education innovation, develop the characteristics of higher vocational education and enhance the educational function, so as to constantly promote social sustainable development.%创新是民族的灵魂,创新教育是高职院校迫在眉睫的大事,是社会快速发展对高职教育提出的新的发展任务。高职院校必须致力于全面教育创新,办出高职类型特色,提升教育功能,才能不断推进社会的可持续发展。

  4. 77 FR 43560 - American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and Extensions of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... CFR Chapter III American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and...) published on March 14, 2007 (72 FR 11851), provide vocational rehabilitation services to American Indians... projects initially funded in fiscal year (FY) 2007 under the American Indian Vocational...

  5. 烹饪高职学生创新教育的实施%Implementation of Innovation Education for Higher Vocational Cuisine Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海军

    2012-01-01

    With the development of society and economy, innovation education is becoming more and more ur- gent for higher vocational students in culinary vocational education. It is also an important task for higher voca- tional education to foster students' creativity. Creativity comes from both education and practice, and there is no exception to the cuisine major-an important part of vocational education.%随着社会经济的发展,社会和行业对烹饪职业教育中高职学生的创新教育越来越迫切,培养创造力的教育也成为高职办学层次的需要。创造力要靠教育培养和实践来挖掘,作为职业教育重要组成部分的烹饪专业也不例外。

  6. Theoretical Research on Dual-body Higher Vocational Education Collectivization%双主体高职教育集团化办学的理论研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱萌

    2011-01-01

    职业教育集团化办学为职业教育综合改革搭建了平台,在校企合作、职教资源整合等方面进行了有益的探索,但也存在着一些影响集团学办学效果的问题,今后一个时期职业教育工作的中心任务是形成适应经济发展方式转变和产业结构调整要求、体现终身教育理念、中等和高等职业教育协调发展的现代职业教育体系,双主体职业教育集团化办学将在构建现代职教体系中发挥着重要的作用。%Vocational Education Collectivization for running schools sets up a platform for the all-round reform of vocational education. It has made useful exploration in the school-enterprise cooperation, integration of vocational-educational resources and other aspects, but there also exist some problems that influence the effect of offering the training program. For a period of time in the future, the central task of vocational education is the formation of modern vocational education system to meet the needs of economic development mode transformation and industrial structural adjustment, reflecting the concept of lifelong education and the harmonious development of secondary and higher vocational education. tional education collectivization will play an important system. In short, training program offered by dual-body vocarole in constructing the modern vocational-educational

  7. Research on effective teaching methods of higher vocational English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺小飞

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development of our country's education, the progress of English teaching in higher vocational colleges is gradually developed. Effective teaching become an important teaching concept and goal of all school courses. This article, analyzes the present situation of English teaching in higher vocational colleges, and points out that the shortcomings in the process of higher vocational English(HVE) teaching. Finally, attempt to explore some effective strategies to improve the quality of HVE teaching.

  8. The Research of Mathematical Modeling Thought in Higher Vocational Mathematics%数学建模思想在高职数学中的渗透研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许蕊

    2016-01-01

    随着社会的发展和科学的进步,高职教育受到更多人的关注,在高职教学中数学更是教学任务中的重要一项。在高职数学教学中将数学建模思想渗透其中,能够更好地帮助提升高职数学教学质量,同时也符合现在国家对高职教育的培养要求和目标要求。%With the development of society and the progress of science, higher vocational education has been concerned by more people. In the teaching of higher vocational education, mathematics is an important task. In the higher vocational mathematics teaching, mathematical modeling thought infiltration among them, can better help to improve the quality of higher vocational mathematics teaching, but also in line with the current state of higher vocational education training requirements and objectives.

  9. Investigation of English Learning Motivation in Higher Vocational Institutes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明香

    2013-01-01

      Since China joined WTO in 2001, there has been an increasing demand for professional technicians for the development and construction of economy. English being a tool for inter-countries communication has drawn great attention in higher vocational education. As for higher vocational institute students to learn English well, learning motivation plays a vital part. Therefore, this es⁃say is written to analyze the features of the main types of motivation held by the higher vocational institute students and accordingly offer some suggestions for teachers to improve their teaching quality and efficiency in higher vocational institute.

  10. Theory of secondary vocational English project teaching method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梅

    2016-01-01

    Under the impetus of the rapid development of science and technology and economy,Social productivity level and greatly enhance people's quality of life,education level also got further development.Under the influence of the globalization development trend,English gradually become the most widely used foreign language of people daily life. Secondary vocational English is a public basic course of secondary vocational school students, as an important part of secondary vocational students training plan, has received the widespread attention.In this study, secondary vocational English project teaching method is briefly discussed.

  11. Reforming vocational didactics by implementing a new VET teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette; Andreasen, Karen Egedal

    2015-01-01

    from backgrounds with no tradition for education. Despite historical changes, the education as vocational college teacher also struggles with the interplay between theory and practice in the program and great diversity among vocational college teachers. Based on empirical data from focus group...... interviews with students from the Diploma of Vocational Pedagogy program and concepts developed by Bernstein and Bourdieu, the article analyzes how these aspects might affect the development of new vocational didactics. We know that it is not easy to change the culture of educational institutions......, and the analysis uncovers several factors that are expected to hamper the development processes....

  12. What Task Designers Do.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Keith

    2000-01-01

    Describes a research project that is concerned with the design procedures followed by those engaged in designing pedagogic tasks for use in classrooms. Focuses on the part of the project that involves actual observation of designers in the process of developing one specific task for class use. Findings are presented under three headers: control…

  13. Supporting complex search tasks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gäde, Maria; Hall, Mark; Huurdeman, Hugo

    2015-01-01

    There is broad consensus in the field of IR that search is complex in many use cases and applications, both on the Web and in domain specific collections, and both professionally and in our daily life. Yet our understanding of complex search tasks, in comparison to simple look up tasks, is fragme......There is broad consensus in the field of IR that search is complex in many use cases and applications, both on the Web and in domain specific collections, and both professionally and in our daily life. Yet our understanding of complex search tasks, in comparison to simple look up tasks......, and recommendations, and supporting exploratory search to sensemaking and analytics, UI and UX design pose an overconstrained challenge. How do we know that our approach is any good? Supporting complex search task requires new collaborations across the whole field of IR, and the proposed workshop will bring together...

  14. Supporting complex search tasks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gäde, Maria; Hall, Mark; Huurdeman, Hugo;

    2015-01-01

    There is broad consensus in the field of IR that search is complex in many use cases and applications, both on the Web and in domain specific collections, and both professionally and in our daily life. Yet our understanding of complex search tasks, in comparison to simple look up tasks......, is fragmented at best. The workshop addressed the many open research questions: What are the obvious use cases and applications of complex search? What are essential features of work tasks and search tasks to take into account? And how do these evolve over time? With a multitude of information, varying from...... introductory to specialized, and from authoritative to speculative or opinionated, when to show what sources of information? How does the information seeking process evolve and what are relevant differences between different stages? With complex task and search process management, blending searching, browsing...

  15. Task-baseret kommunikativ sprogundervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Michael Svendsen

    2015-01-01

    Definition af task-baseret sprogundervisning, kriterier for task. Forskning i Second Language Acquisition med brug af task, tilrettelæggelse af task-baseret kommunikativ undervisning. Begrænsninger i og perspektiver for videreudvikling af task-baseret sprogundervising-......Definition af task-baseret sprogundervisning, kriterier for task. Forskning i Second Language Acquisition med brug af task, tilrettelæggelse af task-baseret kommunikativ undervisning. Begrænsninger i og perspektiver for videreudvikling af task-baseret sprogundervising-...

  16. The importance of vocational ethics in paramedic education, vocational ethics course for paramedics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pakdemirli Ahu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Ethics are rules of behaviors which morally good or bad. Bioethics is the study of ethics about by advances in biology and medicine. Health care providers should have knowledge about health professional ethics principles, public officials’ ethical behavior principles and ethical principles concerned about other legislation. They should find the required information to make logical, objective and accurate decisions where they may face with ethical problems in their professional life. Unfortunately in our country there isn’t any special vocational ethics course designed for paramedics. Our aim is to design a Vocational Ethics Course for Paramedics which includes all issues of bioethics.

  17. Persistent Postconcussive Symptoms Are Accompanied by Decreased Functional Brain Oxygenation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmich, Ingo; Saluja, Rajeet S; Lausberg, Hedda; Kempe, Mathias; Furley, Philip; Berger, Alisa; Chen, Jen-Kai; Ptito, Alain

    2015-01-01

    Diagnostic methods are considered a major concern in the determination of mild traumatic brain injury. The authors examined brain oxygenation patterns in subjects with severe and minor persistent postconcussive difficulties and a healthy control group during working memory tasks in prefrontal brain regions using functional near-infrared spectroscopy. The results demonstrated decreased working memory performances among concussed subjects with severe postconcussive symptoms that were accompanied by decreased brain oxygenation patterns. An association appears to exist between decreased brain oxygenation, poor performance of working memory tasks, and increased symptom severity scores in subjects suffering from persistent postconcussive symptoms.

  18. Energy Efficient Task Light

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Logadottir, Asta; Ardkapan, Siamak Rahimi; Johnsen, Kjeld

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this work is to develop a task light for office lighting that fulfils the minimum requirements of the European standard EN12464 - 1 : Light and lighting – Lighting of work places, Part 1: Indoor workplaces and the Danish standard DS 700 : Lys og belysning I arbejdsrum , or more...... specifically the requirements that apply to the work area and the immediate surrounding area. By providing a task light that fulfils the requirements for task lighting and the immediate surrounding area, the general lighting only needs to provide the illuminance levels required for background lighting...... and thereby a reduction in installed power for general lighting of about 40 % compared to the way illuminance levels are designed in an office environment in Denmark today. This lighting strategy is useful when the placement of the task area is not defined in the space before the lighting is design ed...

  19. Organizing Core Tasks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boll, Karen

    Civil servants conduct the work which makes welfare states functions on an everyday bases: Police men police, school teachers teach, and tax inspectors inspect. Focus in this paper is on the core tasks of tax inspectors. The paper argues that their core task of securing the collection of revenue...... has remained much the same within the last 10 years. However, how the core task has been organized has changed considerable under the influence of various “organizing devices”. The paper focusses on how organizing devices such as risk assessment, output-focus, effect orientation, and treatment...... projects influence the organization of core tasks within the tax administration. The paper shows that the organizational transformations based on the use of these devices have had consequences both for the overall collection of revenue and for the employees’ feeling of “making a difference”. All in all...

  20. The Vocational-Liberal Arts Controversy: Looking Backwards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Sue L.

    The liberal arts-vocational education controversy is examined in this article through a series of fictitious letters based on historical facts that present the thoughts of key educational personalities regarding the community college's role in providing vocational education and liberal arts education. Part I, which takes the form of a letter and…

  1. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  2. Vocational Behavior and Career Development, 1983: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinsley, Howard E. A.; Heesacker, Martin

    1984-01-01

    Reviews the literature related to vocational behavior and career development published during 1983, including 445 articles in 42 journals. The review is organized around issues pertinent to the counseling psychology perspective (career development, vocational choice, assessment, intervention) and the industrial/organizational psychology…

  3. Discovery learning and learner autonomy development in secondary vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芩利

    2015-01-01

    It is imperative to cultivate learner autonomy in secondary vocational school and discovery learning is a good choice.The author reviews the definition and principle of discovery learning and learning autonomy,concludes the adaptation of discovery learning from characteristics of vocational students,andfinally illustrates an example in teaching.

  4. Vocational Training Course to TC Secretary-generals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Up to September 2003, three vocational training courses to the secretary-generals of standardization technical committees had already been conducted by Standardization Administration of China (SAC) to meet the reforming and developing requirements in standardization work, and enhance the vocational levels as well as the managing skills of the TC secretary-generals.

  5. Operational Model for Career Development and Vocational Preparation. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upton, Anne L.; Barrett, Samuel L.

    Three California State Department units (vocational education, pupil personnel services, and career education) and two school districts (Fremont Unified and Huntington Beach Union High) established a consortium to develop demonstration sites for model career development and vocational preparation systems and staff development programs. The…

  6. Industrial Machinery Maintenance and Repair. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in industrial machinery maintenance and repair in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of millwrights, maintenance mechanics, and machinery erectors; program…

  7. The Quality Assistance Plan for Vocational Education in Illinois.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, Fred C.; McCormick, Eileen R.

    The Quality Assistance Plan (QAP) for Vocational Education in Illinois is a state-funded program for locally initiated, developed, implemented, and evaluated projects that was begun in Fiscal Year 1982. Its purpose is to build the capacity, in each educational setting, for the improvement of vocational education programs. That improvement should…

  8. Crossing Campuses: Level 3 Tutor Visits and Vocational Progression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Kate; Waring, Ruth

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on a Western Vocational Lifelong Learning Network (WVLLN) initiative aimed at supporting Level 3 vocational tutors in further education (FE) who have moved into a teaching career via professional experience rather than through higher education (HE), but who play a significant role in advising young people about progression to…

  9. Predictive Value and Psychological Meaning of Vocational Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    1975-01-01

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a one-year interval (N-624). (Author)

  10. A Theory Ridden, Computerless, Impersonal Vocational Guidance System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1971-01-01

    The Self-Directed Search for educational and Vocational Planning is a self-administered, self-scored, and self-interpreted vocational counseling tool. It is inexpensive, practical, and has a high degree of scientific validity and client effectiveness. The SDS is based on Holland's theory of personality types. (Author)

  11. Vocational Training Today: The Changing Relationship between Training and Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducray, Gabriel

    1979-01-01

    Focusing on the changing relationship between training and employment, this article discusses (1) limitations of traditional vocational training policies, (2) the relationship between training and employment today, (3) changes in skills and the effects of structural factors on the employment situation, and (4) a modern vocational training policy.…

  12. Should I Take French, Physics, or Vocational Agriculture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, William; Goecker, Allan

    1974-01-01

    Studies at the Purdue School of Agriculture indicated students who had completed high school vocational agriculture were more likely to complete requirements for a baccalaureate degree in agriculture than those not having vocational agriculture. Agriculture college-bound students should emphasize agriculture, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and…

  13. Happy Objects, Happy Men? Affect and Materiality in Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Åberg, Magnus; Hedlin, Maria

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the prevailing social inertia of vocational training. Previous research indicates that gendered social norms contribute to sustaining gender segregation. Few studies, however, have paid attention to how the interplay of emotional and material factors impact on gender norms in vocational training. The article builds on an…

  14. Nursing/LVN Course. Bilingual Vocational Instructional Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Cox, Guadalupe

    This course in licensed vocational nursing, one of a series of bilingual English-Spanish vocational education courses, is designed to teach basic nursing principles needed by nurses' aides to do nursing procedures and skills in the different health care institutions. It covers many areas, including the following: the health care system, personal…

  15. Multiple Learning Strategies Project. Dietetic Assistant. [Regular Vocational. Vol. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noffze, Elaine; And Others

    This instructional package is one of two designed for regular vocational students on the vocational area of dietetic assistant. The eighty-nine learning modules are organized into three units: nutrition; menu planning and food ordering; and housekeeping and safety. Each module includes these elements: a performance objective page telling what will…

  16. Incentive Styles, Asynchronous Online Discussion, and Vocational Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shinyi; Chiu, Chou-Kang

    2008-01-01

    Vocational education and training (VET) is intended to prepare adult learners for careers that are based on practical activities. With the underlying constructivist andragogy, this study intended to examine the effects of computer-mediated group collaboration in vocational education, and how that affects the associated learning outcomes. For…

  17. Learning in School and Out--General vs. Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achtenhagen, Frank

    The adequate way to discuss problems of vocational education more generally is that taken by Resnick (1987). She feels that the relationship between general and vocational education, and their respective and common aims, problems, and restrictions, must be outlined primarily substantially and not only organizationally. Resnick tries to combine the…

  18. 20 CFR 405.10 - Medical and Vocational Expert System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical and Vocational Expert System. 405.10 Section 405.10 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Introduction, General Description, and Definitions § 405.10 Medical and Vocational Expert System. (a) General....

  19. Multiple Learning Strategies Project. Medical Assistant. [Regular Vocational. Vol. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varney, Beverly; And Others

    This instructional package, one of four designed for regular vocational students, focuses on the vocational area of medical assistant. Contained in this document are twenty-six learning modules organized into three units: language; receptioning; and asepsis. Each module includes these elements: a performance objective page telling what will be…

  20. Collaborative learning in a culturally diverse secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drs. Kennedy Aquilino Tielman; Prof. dr. Perry den Brok; Dr. Rutger van de Sande; Dr. S. Bolhuis

    2010-01-01

    Collaborative learning in a culturally diverse secondary vocational education. By K. Tielman (Fontys), P. den Brok (ESoE), S. Bolhuis (Fontys) and R. van de Sande (Fontys) This contribution discusses a descriptive study on the experiences of students and teachers in secondary vocational education

  1. Non-Wage Benefits of Vocational Training: Employability and Mobility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowlby, Roger L.; Schriver, William R.

    In order to investigate the effects of vocational training on labor force participation and unemployment, the researchers compared an experimental group of Tennessee Area Vocational-Technical School (AVTS) graduates with an individually matched control group. On the basis of data collected by questionnaire, the report concluded that vocationally…

  2. An Analysis of Differential Benefits from Vocational Training. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriver, William R.; Bowlby, Roger L.

    The objectives of this study were to find out how the characteristics of students and their training affect the rate of return to investment in vocational training, how they affect the earnings of trainees, and how vocational training influences the distribution of income among educational groups. The data were collected in a previous study and…

  3. The vocational education and training system in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia; Wiborg, Susanne

    2009-01-01

    Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US.......Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US....

  4. Interdisciplinarity in Vocational Guidance: An Action Theory Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valach, Ladislav; Young, Richard A.

    2009-01-01

    In addressing the issue of interdisciplinary research in vocational guidance, twelve propositions important for understanding the vocational guidance process as joint, goal-directed action are presented. They address the encounter between client and counsellor leading to relational ethics, the relevance of everyday action theory and methods for…

  5. The vocational education and training system in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cort, Pia; Wiborg, Susanne

    2009-01-01

    Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US.......Analysis of developments in vocational education and training systems in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, the UK and the US....

  6. Discovery learning and learner autonomy development in secondary vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芩利

    2015-01-01

    It is imperative to cultivate learner autonomy in secondary vocational school and discovery learning is a good choice.The author reviews the definition and principle of discovery learning and learning autonomy,concludes the adaptation of discovery learning from characteristics of vocational students,and finally illustrates an example in teaching.

  7. Public Relations Handbook for Vocational Education in Large Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koble, Daniel E., Jr.; And Others

    Intended for use by urban vocational staff members who face public relations problems and need to facilitate the outreach process in their cities, this handbook contains guidelines for organizing the public. First, Sanford's definition of public relations is outlined, followed by an explanation of why vocational education needs public relations.…

  8. Vocational Assessment and Work Preparation Centres for the Disabled.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    The purpose of this manual is to provide a basic guide for governments and other organizations in developing countries who want to either establish vocational assessment and preparation centers or develop training facilities for disabled persons. Contents include: (1) Establishing a Vocational Assessment and Work Preparation Center, (2) Staffing…

  9. Developing Strategic Leadership for Administrators: Private Vocational College Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumnongya, Areeya; Sirisuthi, Chaiyuth; Chansirisira, Pacharawit

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to study and define a number of factors measuring quality and efficiency in administrators of private vocational college, and to test and evaluate the efficiency of the strategic leadership program. Twelve factors and 83 indicators were identified as vital for strategic leadership for private vocational college…

  10. Vocational Education in Singapore: Meritocracy and Hidden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Terence

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a broad overview of vocational education in Singapore. Looking at vocational education from Independence, it argues that the development of a skilled labour force was not only crucial in the age of globalisation and the dominance of multinational companies, but also an empirical litmus test of the newly elected post-colonial…

  11. Factors Influencing Assessment Quality in Higher Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baartman, Liesbeth; Gulikers, Judith; Dijkstra, Asha

    2013-01-01

    The development of assessments that are fit to assess professional competence in higher vocational education requires a reconsideration of assessment methods, quality criteria and (self)evaluation. This article examines the self-evaluations of nine courses of a large higher vocational education institute. Per course, 4-11 teachers and 3-10…

  12. Factors influencing assessment quality in higher vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baartman, L.; Gulikers, J.T.M.; Dijkstra, A.

    2013-01-01

    The development of assessments that are fit to assess professional competence in higher vocational education requires a reconsideration of assessment methods, quality criteria and (self)evaluation. This article examines the self-evaluations of nine courses of a large higher vocational education inst

  13. Big Questions Facing Vocational Psychology: A Cognitive Information Processing Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Robert C.; Lenz, Janet G.; Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2011-01-01

    This article draws upon the authors' experience in developing cognitive information processing theory in order to examine three important questions facing vocational psychology and assessment: (a) Where should new knowledge for vocational psychology come from? (b) How do career theories and research find their way into practice? and (c) What is…

  14. Learning in School and Out--General vs. Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achtenhagen, Frank

    The adequate way to discuss problems of vocational education more generally is that taken by Resnick (1987). She feels that the relationship between general and vocational education, and their respective and common aims, problems, and restrictions, must be outlined primarily substantially and not only organizationally. Resnick tries to combine the…

  15. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  16. Philosophical and Sociological Overview of Vocational Technical Education in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Odu Oji

    2012-01-01

    Vocational Technical Education is any kind of education which has the main purpose of preparing one for employment in recognized occupation. The foundation of vocational technical education is based on philosophy which was mainly established for self-employment and self-reliance of the individual(s) who partake in it. Viewing the philosophy and…

  17. Affective Factors in Vocational College Students’English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琼

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the vocational college students’ experiences in English learning, classroom activities, attitudes to their English learning and achievements. It aims to find out how to make use of their positive personal factors to improve their English achievement so that both vocational college teachers and students may gain some enlightenment from the study.

  18. The Vocational Personality of School Psychologists in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toomey, Kristine D.; Levinson, Edward M.; Morrison, Takea J.

    2008-01-01

    This study represents the first empirical test of the vocational personality of US school psychologists. Specifically, we investigated the personality of school psychologists using Holland's (1997) well-researched theory of vocational personalities and work environments. The sample consisted of 241 randomly selected members of the National…

  19. Vocational Education in Singapore: Meritocracy and Hidden Narratives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Terence

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a broad overview of vocational education in Singapore. Looking at vocational education from Independence, it argues that the development of a skilled labour force was not only crucial in the age of globalisation and the dominance of multinational companies, but also an empirical litmus test of the newly elected post-colonial…

  20. Big Questions Facing Vocational Psychology: A Cognitive Information Processing Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Robert C.; Lenz, Janet G.; Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2011-01-01

    This article draws upon the authors' experience in developing cognitive information processing theory in order to examine three important questions facing vocational psychology and assessment: (a) Where should new knowledge for vocational psychology come from? (b) How do career theories and research find their way into practice? and (c) What is…

  1. Linear Programming for Vocational Education Planning. Interim Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Robert C.; And Others

    The purpose of the paper is to define for potential users of vocational education management information systems a quantitative analysis technique and its utilization to facilitate more effective planning of vocational education programs. Defining linear programming (LP) as a management technique used to solve complex resource allocation problems…

  2. Vocational Training in the Textiles and Clothing Industries in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimousis, I.; Zisimopoulos, A.

    This document examines the circumstances under which vocational training in Greece is provided for jobs in the textile and clothing industries. Its objective is to identify guidelines for vocational training for a skilled work force at regional and national levels and to contribute to job mobility between industries. Statistical data,…

  3. Validity of Vocational Aspirations and Interest Inventories: Extended, Replicated, and Reinterpreted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Found classified vocational aspirations of 467 male and 250 female Navy recruits superior to Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI). Predictions for subjects with coherent vocational aspirations were very predictive over short time interval. Hypothesized links between coherence of vocational aspirations and Identity Scale, NEO Personality Inventory…

  4. Vocational Education. Report by the Secretary of Education to the Congress, 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    This annual report provides an overview of the status of vocational education during school year 1980-81. It includes final data for school year 1979-80 obtained through the Vocational Education Data System (VEDS), the national vocational education reporting and accounting system. Part 1 of the report describes the status of vocational education…

  5. 34 CFR 427.1 - What is the Bilingual Vocational Training Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Bilingual Vocational Training Program? 427...) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION BILINGUAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM... Program provides financial assistance for bilingual vocational education and training for limited...

  6. Energy and Power--Math. Haywood County's Vocational-Math-Science Curriculum Alignment Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haywood County Consolidated Schools, Waynesville, NC.

    A curriculum alignment chart is presented that translates mathematics goals/indicators into related vocational skills for the energy and power course in the secondary vocational education curriculum. The chart contains three columns that correlate (1) vocational education performance indicators, (2) vocational education competency and mathematics…

  7. The Analysis on Emotional Education in Vocational School English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰州职业技术学院 730070

    2015-01-01

    In the time of advancing quality education, emotion education has been paid more and more attention. English teaching is both language teaching progress and emotional communication progress. Therefore, emotional education is extremely important and indispensable in vocational school classroom teaching. However, the current application of vocational school emotional education in English classroom teaching is still relatively weak. Based on the theory of emotional education, this paper attempts to explore the methods and strategies of applying emotional education in vocational school English classroom teaching. It has important theoretical significance on promoting the comprehensive development of the vocational school students, improving English teaching effect, promoting the healthy and sustainable development of the vocational school education, and enriching and developing the emotional teaching psychology and cognitive psychology theory.

  8. On Improving Higher Vocational College Education Quality Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiang; Chen, Yan; Zhang, Jie; Wang, Yi

    Teaching quality assessment is a judgment process by using the theory and technology of education evaluation system to test whether the process and result of teaching have got to a certain quality level. Many vocational schools have established teaching quality assessment systems of their own characteristics as the basic means to do self-examination and teaching behavior adjustment. Combined with the characteristics and requirements of the vocational education and by analyzing the problems exist in contemporary vocational school, form the perspective of the content, assessment criteria and feedback system of the teaching quality assessment to optimize the system, to complete the teaching quality information net and offer suggestions for feedback channels, to make the institutionalization, standardization of the vocational schools and indeed to make contribution for the overall improvement of the quality of vocational schools.

  9. A Portrait of Rural America: Conditions Affecting Vocational Education Policy. Vocational Education Study Publication No. 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenfeld, Stuart

    The monograph is an attempt to describe conditions existing today in rural America that can affect the operation and impact of vocational education in rural areas and, thus, should exercise an influence on policy making. It identifies statistical patterns and characteristics common to rural areas, both within regions and those that cut across…

  10. The Reasons for the Interruption of Vocational Training in Estonian Vocational Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beilmann, Mai; Espenberg, Kerly

    2016-01-01

    Dropping out of school before achieving any qualification is a serious problem both at an individual and societal level. This study provides an insight into the lives of young people who have dropped out or are at a risk of dropping out of vocational schools in Estonia and gives an overview of the reasons behind the interruption of their studies.…

  11. The Phoenix: Vocational Education and Training in Singapore. International Comparative Study of Leading Vocational Education Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Marc S.

    2012-01-01

    This is the first in a series of reports from the Center on International Education Benchmarking (CIEB) exploring the leading vocational and technical education systems from around the world to draw out what makes these systems great and what other countries can learn from them. This first report was based on a visit of several days to Singapore…

  12. Trade and Technical. Volume II. Access Skills. Vocational Readiness Skills. Missouri LINC. Assessing Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Practical Arts and Vocational-Technical Education.

    This document contains trade and industrial occupations-related materials to help teachers and parents teach access skills to Missouri junior high and high school special needs students who want to pursue a vocational program in auto body repair, auto mechanics, building maintenance and custodial work, diesel mechanics, machinist, small engine…

  13. Re-Contextualizing Vocational Didactics in Norwegian Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nore, Haege

    2015-01-01

    This article explores teachers and trainers didactical practices in different contexts in Norwegian VET: schools and workplaces. With the introduction of e-resources and e-portfolios in VET, learners as well as teachers and trainers experience a more hybrid learning-arena, which claims for a re-contextualization of vocational didactics as well as…

  14. Vocational Pedagogical Competencies of a Professor in the Secondary Vocational Education System: Approbation of Monitoring Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryukhina, Lyudmila M.; Dneprov, Sergey ?.; Sumina, Tatyana G.; Zimina, Elena Yu.; Utkina, Svetlana N.; Mantulenko, Valentina V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the researched issue is preconditioned by the strategic changes in the secondary vocational education system taking place not only in Russia, but also in the majority of industrially developed countries. Provision of the system with qualified pedagogical staff is the leading strategic objective of development of the secondary…

  15. The Model of Monitoring of Vocational Pedagogical Competences of Professors in Secondary Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryukhina, Lyudmila M.; Dneprov, Sergey ?.; Sumina, Tatyana G.; Zimina, Elena Yu.; Utkina, Svetlana N.; Mantulenko, Valentina V.

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the researched issue is preconditioned by the strategic changes in the secondary vocational education system taking place not only in Russia, but also in majority of industrially developed countries. Provision of the system with qualified pedagogical staff is the leading strategic objective of development of the secondary…

  16. Mindfulness, Therapy and Vocational Values: Exploring the Moral and Aesthetic Dimensions of Vocational Education and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, Terry

    2011-01-01

    The devaluation and debilitation of education in general and vocational education and training (VET) in particular has been explored and described in recent years by a wide range of critical commentators. Education stands in dire need of therapy, and this paper suggests a therapeutic process for rejuvenating and enhancing VET through attention to…

  17. An Empirical Determination of Tasks Essential to Successful Performance as a Beef Farmer. Determination of a Common Core of Basic Skills in Agribusiness and Natural Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrd, J. Rick; And Others

    To improve vocational educational programs in agriculture, occupational information on a common core of basic skills within the occupational area of the beef farmer is presented in the revised task inventory survey. The purpose of the occupational survey was to identify a common core of basic skills which are performed and are essential for…

  18. Promoting Independent Performance of Transition-Related Tasks Using a Palmtop PC-Based Self-Directed Visual and Auditory Prompting System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riffel, Laura A.; Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Turnbull, Ann P.; Lattimore, Jennifer; Davies, Daniel; Stock, Steven; Fisher, Sherilyn

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the use of a palmtop computer running a software program by transition-age students with cognitive disabilities to increase independence on vocational and independent living tasks. The purpose of this research was to test the hypotheses that a palmtop computer utilizing a Windows CE platform with touch screen capabilities and…

  19. An Empirical Determination of Tasks Essential to Successful Performance as a Bulk Fertilizer Plant Worker. Determination of a Common Core of Basic Skills in Agribusiness and Natural Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Daniel R.; And Others

    To improve vocational educational programs in agriculture, occupational information on a common core of basic skills within the occupational area of the bulk fertilizer plant worker is presented in the revised task inventory survey. The purpose of the occupational survey was to identify a common core of basic skills which are performed and are…

  20. An Empirical Determination of Tasks Essential to Successful Performance as a Soil Conservation District Aide. Determination of a Common Core of Basic Skills in Agribusiness and Natural Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waddy, Paul H.; And Others

    To improve vocational educational programs in agriculture, occupational information on a common core of basic skills within the occupational area of the soil conservation district aide is presented in the revised task inventory survey. The purpose of the occupational survey was to identify a common core of basic skills which are performed and are…

  1. Task difficulty in mental arithmetic affects microsaccadic rates and magnitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegenthaler, Eva; Costela, Francisco M; McCamy, Michael B; Di Stasi, Leandro L; Otero-Millan, Jorge; Sonderegger, Andreas; Groner, Rudolf; Macknik, Stephen; Martinez-Conde, Susana

    2014-01-01

    Microsaccades are involuntary, small-magnitude saccadic eye movements that occur during attempted visual fixation. Recent research has found that attention can modulate microsaccade dynamics, but few studies have addressed the effects of task difficulty on microsaccade parameters, and those have obtained contradictory results. Further, no study to date has investigated the influence of task difficulty on microsaccade production during the performance of non-visual tasks. Thus, the effects of task difficulty on microsaccades, isolated from sensory modality, remain unclear. Here we investigated the effects of task difficulty on microsaccades during the performance of a non-visual, mental arithmetic task with two levels of complexity. We found that microsaccade rates decreased and microsaccade magnitudes increased with increased task difficulty. We propose that changes in microsaccade rates and magnitudes with task difficulty are mediated by the effects of varying attentional inputs on the rostral superior colliculus activity map.

  2. World Wide Comparism of Technical and Vocational Education: Lessons for Nigerian Technical and Vocational Education Sector (I)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayeni, Abiodun Olumide

    2015-01-01

    This paper compared technical/vocational education in: Germany, Australia, Finland, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, and Nigeria, and found that technical/vocational education was given proper attention in countries considered except Nigeria, where it was handled with laissez faire attitude. Set-Up of Technical/Vocational…

  3. Challenges and Reforms in Vocational Education: Aspects of Inclusion and Exclusion. Studies in Vocational and Continuing Education, Volume 11

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolz, Stefanie, Ed.; Gonon, Philipp, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    In this collected edition, globalization and its consequences on vocational education systems are described and, at the same time, combined with the question of whether new phenomena of inclusion but also of exclusion are produced. Inclusion and exclusion are differentiations that predominate in all kinds of (vocational education) systems,…

  4. Common Core Curriculum for Vocational Education. Category D: Administration and Supervision. D-1: Fiscal Management of a Vocational Education Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bain, William

    This module on fiscal management of a vocational education program is one of a set of eight on administration and supervision and is part of a larger series of thirty-four modules constituting a core curriculum for use in the professional preparation of vocational educators in the areas of agricultural, business, home economics, and industrial…

  5. Training of Teachers/Trainers in Technical and Vocational Education. UNEVOC Studies in Technical and Vocational Education, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Economic, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Section for Technical and Vocational Education.

    This document contains nine papers about and from an international roundtable on the training of teachers in technical and vocational education. The first paper, a Final Report of the "International Round Table on Training of Teachers in Technical and Vocational Education (Curitiba, Brazil, 7-10 April 1997)," examines the following:…

  6. Study On Establishing National Standard Of Vocational Teachers’ Training In China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiding Yu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Developing vocational education is an important strategy in current Chinese education. However, vocational teachers are in a shortage and there isn’t a sound system of training and cultivating these teachers. Especially, there hasn’t formed any effective standard of vocational teachers. These three factors are the main reasons to hinder the development and increase of its quality and level. Therefore, establishing national standard of vocational teacher training is becoming very necessary. In this paper the author explores the standard and system of vocational teacher training from two aspects, namely, grasping professional skills and professional teaching competence. National standard of vocational teacher training will become a basis for vocational teacher qualification. According to this standard, vocational teacher qualification curriculum will be built and implemented by vocational educational institutions. We will share our experiences and measures in building vocational teacher qualification system in China and explore some key issues.

  7. Task Switching in a Hierarchical Task Structure: Evidence for the Fragility of the Task Repetition Benefit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lien, Mei-Ching; Ruthruff, Eric

    2004-01-01

    This study examined how task switching is affected by hierarchical task organization. Traditional task-switching studies, which use a constant temporal and spatial distance between each task element (defined as a stimulus requiring a response), promote a flat task structure. Using this approach, Experiment 1 revealed a large switch cost of 238 ms.…

  8. Dual task performance in normal aging: a comparison of choice reaction time tasks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleftheria Vaportzis

    Full Text Available This study examined dual task performance in 28 younger (18-30 years and 28 older (>60 years adults using two sets of choice reaction time (RT tasks paired with digit tasks. Set one paired simple choice RT with digit forward; set two paired complex choice RT with digit backward. Each task within each set had easy and hard conditions. For the simple choice RT, participants viewed single letters and pressed a specified keyboard key if the letter was X or Z or a different key for other letters (easy. For the hard condition, there were 4 target letters (X, Z, O, Y. Digit forward consisted of 4 (easy or 5 (hard digits. For the complex choice RT, participants viewed 4×4 matrices of Xs and Os, and indicated whether four Xs (easy or four Xs or four Os (hard appeared in a row. Digit backward consisted of 3 (easy or 4 (hard digits. Within each set, participants performed every possible combination of tasks. We found that in the simple choice RT tasks older adults were significantly slower than, but as accurate as younger adults. In the complex choice RT tasks, older adults were significantly less accurate, but as fast as younger adults. For both age groups and both dual task sets, RT decreased and error rates increased with greater task difficulty. Older adults had greater dual task costs for error rates in the simple choice RT, whereas in the complex choice RT, it was the younger group that had greater dual task costs. Findings suggest that younger and older adults may adopt differential behavioral strategies depending on complexity and difficulty of dual tasks.

  9. Vocational behavior analysis in psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Estrella LÓPEZ PÉREZ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The European Higher Education Area (EHEA is supporting gain relevance of vocational guidance into the frame of University Education. In order to a better planning of this guidance we need to know his contents evaluating student vocational interests of each center. The aim of the study is to analyze the indicators of Psychology students vocational behavior and his evolution and comparing those results with data of another students population. Methodology. The 329 psychology students participants from the University of Salamanca (248 in the second year and 81 in the fifth answered the questionnaire of university biodata (Rocabert, 2005. In all cases we took a significance level of ? = 0.05 carrying out samples comparison tests using U de Mann-Whitney techniques and contingency analysis. Results: The present study found significant differences between second and fifth psychology grade students and with general university population data collected by Rocabert, Descals and Gomez (2007. In general, psychology students begin their degrees with a high level interest and motivated; they are making decisions based on the academic specialty they want to work in. However, for last year students group (fith year students we detected a lower satisfaction in their studies, more difficulties in deciding what they want to do and a greater demand of information in order to choose the advisablest option for them. Conclusions. Despite the high motivation of psychology students, the nearer is his integration into the job market the higher is the need of guidance to help them to take decisions concerning specialization or the professional world.

  10. Paradoxes in Danish Vocational Education and Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Louw, Arnt Vestergaard; Katznelson, Noemi

    2015-01-01

    teaching practices in VET that create unmotivated, weak students and unintentional push-out effects. Further, it is suggested that the marketization of education has a profound effect on the practice in VET such that good education has come to be more associated with retaining all students in the VET......All vocational education and training schools in Denmark are required to launch retention initiatives and report yearly on their efforts to increase retention and the completion rate of their students. This article argues that the structural conditions and incentive structure around VET produces...

  11. Board Task Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minichilli, Alessandro; Zattoni, Alessandro; Nielsen, Sabina

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses recent calls to narrow the micro–macro gap in management research (Bamberger, 2008), by incorporating a macro-level context variable (country) in exploring micro-level determinants of board effectiveness. Following the integrated model proposed by Forbes and Milliken (1999), we...... identify three board processes as micro-level determinants of board effectiveness. Specifically, we focus on effort norms, cognitive conflicts and the use of knowledge and skills as determinants of board control and advisory task performance. Further, we consider how two different institutional settings...... influence board tasks, and how the context moderates the relationship between processes and tasks. Our hypotheses are tested on a survey-based dataset of 535 medium-sized and large industrial firms in Italy and Norway, which are considered to substantially differ along legal and cultural dimensions...

  12. Goal orientation, perceived task outcome and task demands in mathematics tasks: effects on students' attitude in actual task settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seegers, Gerard; van Putten, Cornelis M; de Brabander, Cornelis J

    2002-09-01

    In earlier studies, it has been found that students' domain-specific cognitions and personal learning goals (goal orientation) influence task-specific appraisals of actual learning tasks. The relations between domain-specific and task-specific variables have been specified in the model of adaptive learning. In this study, additional influences, i.e., perceived task outcome on a former occasion and variations in task demands, were investigated. The purpose of this study was to identify personality and situational variables that mediate students' attitude when confronted with a mathematics task. Students worked on a mathematics task in two subsequent sessions. Effects of perceived task outcome at the first session on students' attitude at the second session were investigated. In addition, we investigated how differences in task demands influenced students' attitude. Variations in task demands were provoked by different conditions in task-instruction. In one condition, students were told that the result on the test would add to their mark on mathematics. This outcome orienting condition was contrasted with a task-orienting condition where students were told that the results on the test would not be used to give individual grades. Participants were sixth grade students (N = 345; aged 11-12 years) from 14 primary schools. Multivariate and univariate analyses of (co)variance were applied to the data. Independent variables were goal orientation, task demands, and perceived task outcome, with task-specific variables (estimated competence for the task, task attraction, task relevance, and willingness to invest effort) as the dependent variables. The results showed that previous perceived task outcome had a substantial impact on students' attitude. Additional but smaller effects were found for variation in task demands. Furthermore, effects of previous perceived task outcome and task demands were related to goal orientation. The resulting pattern confirmed that, in general

  13. Cursos in Educacion Vocacional (Courses in Vocational Education): A Spanish Language Introduction to the Various Areas of Vocational and Technical Education Commonly Available in the Vocational Secondary Schools of Pennsylvania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Philip D., Jr.

    This manual presents an introduction in Spanish to the various areas of vocational and technical education commonly available in the vocational secondary schools of Pennsylvania. It discusses course requirements, future possibilities in the particular vocation, and related jobs. Included among the fields discussed are auto mechanics, electrical…

  14. Algebra task & drill sheets

    CERN Document Server

    Reed, Nat

    2011-01-01

    For grades 6-8, our State Standards-based combined resource meets the algebraic concepts addressed by the NCTM standards and encourages the students to review the concepts in unique ways. The task sheets introduce the mathematical concepts to the students around a central problem taken from real-life experiences, while the drill sheets provide warm-up and timed practice questions for the students to strengthen their procedural proficiency skills. Included are opportunities for problem-solving, patterning, algebraic graphing, equations and determining averages. The combined task & drill sheets

  15. Algebra task & drill sheets

    CERN Document Server

    Reed, Nat

    2011-01-01

    For grades 3-5, our State Standards-based combined resource meets the algebraic concepts addressed by the NCTM standards and encourages the students to review the concepts in unique ways. The task sheets introduce the mathematical concepts to the students around a central problem taken from real-life experiences, while the drill sheets provide warm-up and timed practice questions for the students to strengthen their procedural proficiency skills. Included are opportunities for problem-solving, patterning, algebraic graphing, equations and determining averages. The combined task & drill sheets

  16. Task-Based Learning: The Interaction between Tasks and Learners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Jacky

    2003-01-01

    Investigates the relationship between tasks and learners in task-based learning. Findings suggest that manipulation of task characteristics and conditions may not achieve the intended pedagogic outcomes, and that new ways are needed to focus learners' attention of form without sacrificing the meaning-driven principles of task-based learning.…

  17. Motivation and the Second Language Classroom in Vocational Colleges%高职公共英语课激励教学法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何苗苗

    2010-01-01

    @@ Introduction:English is important in professorship education.The main principle of English teaching is practical learning.The Basic Requirements claim that the purpose of English teaching non-major students of vocational and technical colleges is to master required language knowledge and skills,have the ability to read and translate major-involved English documents,ground for the further English learning.But due to students'weak knowledge foundation,they are not active in English learning.The source of vocational college students is complex and multilevel,and the overall quality of vocational college students has been decreasing;therefore,teachers have to solve that how to adjust and improve teaching ways,motivate students,arouse their learning interests,improve their integrative operational ability.

  18. The Challenges And Risk Of Development Vocational Education In Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadi Mulyadi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The quality of human resources (human resources really depended on good and bad points of the educational agency that prepared him. By paying attention to this link, then the urgency of the quality educational agency had finally become the key strategy in order to gains the height of the quality of human resources. Vocational education that was quality became one of the most important answers for the Indonesian nation towards the demand of the globalisation. The quality of the graduate of Vocational Education that was high, required the adoption action and the adaptation of all the requirements for the work institution/the industry, furthermore reconciled the international standard of manpower, as well as filled the current legislation regulation. Vocational education aimed at increasing intelligence, knowledge, the identity, the noble moral, as well as participants’s skills educated to live independent and followed education further in accordance with the program Vocational education (Permendiknas No. 22 Th. 2006. There were two spectra of the territory that became the aim of Vocational Education, that is preparing participants educated to the world of the work and at the same time the academic world. Therefore, then the Vocational educational curriculum became more complex both planning and his implementation. In the Vocational educational curriculum the achievement was in two spectra of the territory, that his achievement through the application of the curriculum comprehensively. This curriculum it was hoped guaranteed fully the achievement from the aim of Vocational Education. Therefore, in his fact of Vocational Education needed the operational fund that was far more bigger than that was needed by middle education the public.

  19. Verbal Self-Instructions in Task Switching: A Compensatory Tool for Action-Control Deficits in Childhood and Old Age?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kray, Jutta; Eber, Jutta; Karbach, Julia

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the influence of verbal self-instructions on age differences in task switching. Task-switching ability, measured as the difference between performance in single-task blocks and in mixed-task blocks in which participants switch between two tasks (mixing costs), increases during childhood and decreases in old age. To measure the…

  20. Vocational Education and Zakat: The Case Study of Punjab Vocational Training Council

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iqbal M. KHAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to explore the prospect of teaching Entrepreneurship Education to those who acquire vocational skills at Punjab Vocational Training Council (PVTC. It is also to explore whether PVTC has promoted entrepreneurship through its vocational training institutes located all over Punjab. This study also deals with the concept of utilization of ‘Zakat' for the purpose of vocational education as a mode for possible replication. The research objective has been to follow the progress of this institution. It has also been to record the successes of this model of a public-private ownership, a model of utilizing the ‘Zakat' to fund education projects, a value based organization, a learning organization and a highly innovative institution. The other objective is to explore the evidence of entrepreneurship education and its effectiveness in PVTC. Literature has been reviewed on vocational training and entrepreneurship education. It also reviews experience and evidence of such practice prevailing in other environment. Combined with this is the review and conceptualization of a model based on ‘zakat'. Research Methodology used is basically qualitative; data has been collected through semi structured intensive interviews and from focus groups of stakeholders. The strategies adopted to collect data in this study are “survey”, “case study” and “grounded theory.” The data collected from semi structured interviews were concluded by thematic analysis, analyzing technique of writing reports from data. NVivo software was utilized for triangulation to reduce the data bias and increase validity by comparing primary and secondary data. The findings of this research have been that the pedagogical skills offered by PVTC's are not effective for entrepreneurial potential development. Work is required for entrepreneurial curriculum development and training of PVTCs' instructors, students and practitioners. The research also reveals

  1. A Daunting Task Still

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG ZHIPING

    2010-01-01

    @@ Despite steady economic growth for three decades, China is still a developing country facing daunting poverty alleviation tasks. According to the poverty line of 1,196 yuan ($176) per capita net income in a year set in March 2009, the country still has a poverty population of more than 40 million, mainly living in rural areas.

  2. Task 1 quarternary tectonics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bell, J.W.

    1994-12-31

    Activities on the task of quarternary tectonics for the Yucca Mountain Site investigations are described. Technical topics include: A preliminary reveiw of Bare Mountain Trench; A preliminary detailed lineament map of the Southwestern part of the proposed repository; A discussion on the 1994 Double Spring Flat, Nevada earthquake; and evidence for temporal clustering.

  3. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Assessment in Higher Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Ya-tao

    2013-01-01

    Assessment is always considered to be an important component in the field of higher vocational education. It serves the purpose of evaluating students’achievement and supporting learning and teaching. Assessment plays a key role by relating the in-structional activities to increase students’capabilities. The purpose aims to consider the notion of assessment as a prerequisite and will attempt to explore certain strengths and weaknesses of assessment associated with higher vocational education. Some different types and techniques of assessment in higher vocational education alongside their advantages and disadvantages will also be ex-plored.

  4. Methodology for vocational psychodiagnostics of senior schoolchildren using information technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanovskaya, I. M.; Kosheleva, A. N.; Kiselev, P. B.; Davydova, Yu. A.

    2017-01-01

    The article identifies the role and main problems of vocational psychodiagnostics in modern socio-cultural conditions. It analyzes the potentials of information technologies in vocational psychodiagnostics of senior schoolchildren. The article describes the theoretical and methodological grounds, content and diagnostic potentials of the computerized method in vocational psychodiagnostics. The computerized method includes three blocks of sub-tests to identify intellectual potential, personal qualities, professional interests and values, career orientations, as well as subtests to analyze the specific life experience of senior schoolchildren. The results of diagnostics allow developing an integrated psychodiagnostic conclusion with recommendations. The article contains options of software architecture for the given method.

  5. Teaching vocation versus teaching profession in educational organisations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faustino Larrosa Martínez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper on training prospective teachers investigates the meaning of teaching vocation and teaching profession within educational organisations, in the context of the knowledge society and in the midst of European convergence. The elements that have influenced and still influence teachers’ professional situations are analysed: tradition, social transformation, advances in research and teachers’ current needs. Then how teaching has evolved as a vocation is studied and the nature and characteristics of teaching as a profession are examined. We conclude that teaching is a vocational profession in an environment of ethical and moral pluralism.

  6. Can tasks be inherently boring?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charney, Evan

    2013-12-01

    Kurzban et al. argue that the experiences of "effort," "boredom," and "fatigue" are indications that the costs of a task outweigh its benefits. Reducing the costs of tasks to "opportunity costs" has the effect of rendering tasks costless and of denying that they can be inherently boring or tedious, something that "vigilance tasks" were intentionally designed to be.

  7. [Noise in vocational schools. Causes of occurrence and assessment of exposure to schoolchildren].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koszarny, Z; Jankowska, D

    1994-01-01

    Acoustic conditions in the classrooms of vocational schools are comparable with those in high schools. However, much worse acoustic conditions are observed in vocational school workshop. The evaluation of acoustic conditions in 712 school shops showed, that noise exposure of schoolchildren is very various and depends upon type of workshop and tasks performed by schoolchildren. The major source of noise exposure is machinery in mechanic workshops (plastic working--up to 105 dB, machine noise-from 80 to 90 dB), in textile workshops--from 90 to 100 dB and woodworking machines-from 92 to 102 dB. It should be noted that in such acoustic conditions schoolchildren stay for a relatively long time. Average exposure time of schoolchildren in mechanic or textile workshops was about 4.5 hours. At another training subjects i.e. electric, building, welding craft or gastronomy--noise exposure is usually below recommended standards (80 dB). The critical values accepted for hearing protection for occupational exposure (85 dB) were exceeded at 10% investigated training places of schoolchildren. This mostly occurred in mechanic workshops. Taking into account increased sensitivity of young people it would be worthwhile to work out separate criteria in this range for school workshops. Tentatively, problem should be solved by shortening exposure time depending on actual noise level.

  8. The Relative Influence of the Vocational Card Sort, the Self-Directed Search, and the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit on High School Girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takai, Ricky; Holland, John L.

    A new treatment, the Vocational Exploration and Insight Kit (VEIK), was developed to increase the number and variety of vocational options a person considers, to increase the variety of information-seeking activity, and to increase the satisfaction a person has with his or her current vocational aspiration. The VEIK is a 15-step self-administered…

  9. Vocational Dual Education System: comparison between the German model and the new Spanish vocational training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Rego Agraso

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The German dual system of vocational training has been object of transfer in some countries all over the world, among them Spain. Indeed, in this article we try to clarify the key elements in the adapting process of this Dual System to our country, analyzing its chances of success. To do this, we contribute a descriptive study of the main elements of the German Dual System. Then, the focus will be in the changes in our country, from the LOMCE project to the legislation governing apprenticeship and training. As a kind of discussion, we pretend to clarify how cultural and organizational elements of the production system have a strongly influence in the chances of success on the Vocational Training reform policy initiatives. Finally, we completed a series of proposals for action that would contribute to the employment and an increase in the qualification among Spanish young people.

  10. A virtual reality-based vocational training system (VRVTS) for people with schizophrenia in vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsang, Mayie M Y; Man, David W K

    2013-03-01

    Employment provides schizophrenic patients with a positive identity and hope. Cognitive impairments have been suggested to slow down the progress in work rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and effectiveness of VR as a cognitive intervention for enhancing vocational outcomes. 95 inpatients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to a virtual reality-based vocational training group (VRG), a therapist-administered group (TAG) and a conventional group (CG). Twenty-five of them in each group had completed the study. Their performances were evaluated, before and after interventions, by Brief Neuropsychological Cognitive Examination, Digit Vigilance Test, Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Vocational Cognitive Rating Scale. Patients in the VRG were found to perform better than patients in the TAG and CG in cognitive functioning, as shown by the WCST-percentage of error (F (2, 72)=7.146, p<0.001) and the WCST-percentage of conceptual level response (F (2, 72)=8.722, p<0.001). The post-hoc test revealed that the VRG showed a better performance than both the TAG (p=0.03) and the CG (p<0.001) in the WCST-percentage of error. The VRG also showed a better performance than patients in both the TAG (p=0.01) and the CG (p<0.001) in the WCST-percentage of conceptual level response. The VRG also showed a better self-efficacy score than CG. Both VRG and TAG showed a better work performance as reflected by the on-site tests. Further studies on the use of VR in schizophrenia rehabilitation and for vocational success are discussed.

  11. The Peripheralisation of the Danish Vocational Education System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Karin Topsø

    2013-01-01

    In the past decade, the Vocational Education Training System (VET) in Denmark has undergone a downturn in which fewer and fewer students apply for and complete a vocational education. Choosing a vocational education has become synonymous with choosing the losing team. The result is a drastic drop...... in metropolitan areas and support a migration flow of young educated people from rural municipalities toward metropolitan areas....... in the supply of vocationally trained labour. This is especially problematic for labour markets in non-metropolitan areas, where a number of production- and service- firms are still located. At the same time more and more youth are choosing and completing academic education programs, which target work places...

  12. Barriers to participation in vocational orientation programmes among prisoners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorien Brosens

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the barriers to prisoners’ participation in vocational education, as well as the predictors of different types of barriers. Survey data derived from a project in a remand prison in Belgium (N=468 provided the empirical evidence for the analyses. The results indicate that facing situational and informational barriers are most common. Based on the different kinds of barriers, various types of non-participants can be distinguished and multinomial logistic regression analyses are conducted to identify in what way participants of vocational education differ from various types of non-participants. For instance, prisoners with a poor understanding of the Dutch language and those who never/rarely receive visitors participate less in vocational education as they are more likely to be confronted with informational barriers. We conclude this article by discussing paths for future research and implications for policy and practice to anticipate the barriers for those who want to participate in vocational education.

  13. Vocational Training of Disadvantaged Youth in the Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corvalan-Vasquez, Oscar

    1983-01-01

    Defines "disadvantaged youth" and reviews vocational training and employment programs designed for them. Finds that these activities tend to favor the relatively privileged rather than those with the greatest need. (SK)

  14. A cultural turn? Vocational teacher education in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duch, Henriette

    teachers was a specialized and non-classified course, now it is classifies as a higher education at level six in the Danish Qualification Framework. The analysis is based on qualitative interviews with representatives of for example vocational teachers and of leaders at vocational colleges – different......As part of my Ph.D.-project the field of educational policy is analysed with a focus on the decision process on a change of vocational teacher education (Bourdieu, 1996; Duch and Rasmussen, XX). The process is seen in the light of the Bologna process. Originally, the education of Danish vocational....... The third is how to guarantee the possibility to attend a course on a lower level than six in EQF. However, the consequences of skilled workers jumping over several levels in the educational hierarchy was not discussed. The analysis is based on theories of professions using Evetts terms `from with in...

  15. The Implications of Theory Z for Departments of Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Linda S.

    1983-01-01

    Describes the Theory Z management approach as postulated by William G. Ouchi and presents steps to be considered by postsecondary departments of vocational education attempting to implement this approach. (NRJ)

  16. Implementation of Industrial Work Practice management at vocational high school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widodo, Joko; Samsudi, Sunyoto

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a management model of entrepreneurship-based Industrial Work Practice (Prakerin) at Vocational High School. This research was planned for three years under Research and Development design. The respondents were public and private Vocational High Schools in Semarang, Salatiga and District of Demak, Central Java, Indonesia. Data were collected through interviews, questionnaires, observation, and documentation. The data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Preliminary study shows that the implementation of Industrial Work Practice at Vocational High School, which has been carried out, was only to prepare the graduates to become an employee of the industry instead of entrepreneur. Further study is needed to develop a management model of entrepreneurship-based Industrial Work Practice at Vocational High School.

  17. Evaluation of transition in Dutch senior secondary vocational education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lazonder, A.W.; Jong, F.P.C.M. de

    1999-01-01

    Survey responses from 55 Dutch agricultural vocational schools show that administrators believe that transition, the ability of students to change between training modes or qualification levels easily, has enhanced the flexibility of the qualification system developed under recent national reforms.

  18. Context-Driven Entrepreneurial Education in Vocational Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharmila Sandirasegarane

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Vocational Education and Training (VET is offered throughout the world to students of various educational backgrounds and career aspirations in an effort to create a skilled workforce. The structure of VET varies greatly across different fields and countries with high-growth, low-growth, and transitional economies. However, a common critique of many vocational institutions is that they focus on skills training without addressing related business systems. Thus, students may not understand the business strategies related to their field, which stifles job readiness and entrepreneurial potential. To counter this, a more context-driven and integrated entrepreneurial approach is proposed for VET. Benefits, disadvantages, and exemplars of various types of vocational and entrepreneurial programs are evaluated to determine how their strengths might be leveraged. Such integrated entrepreneurial and vocational training would more suitably address context-specific market needs via both practical and transferrable skills, thus helping to reduce unemployment, particularly among youth in sub-Saharan Africa.

  19. Vocational Identity and Ego Identity Status in Korean Nursing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun-Young Koo, PhD, RN

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: These findings show that nursing students in identity achievement status have secure and clear vocational identities. Further longitudinal and qualitative studies are needed to find out if identity formation among nursing students changes with age.

  20. School-Based Vocational Programs and Labor Laws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, James E.; Husch, James V.

    1987-01-01

    The article reviews the rules and regulations of the United States Fair Labor Standards Act in relation to school-based vocational programs and emphasizes the payment of wages across different training and placement options. (Author/CB)

  1. Development and Implementation of Continuing Vocational Pedagogic Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. N. Zhukov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to organizing and ensuring the effectiveness of continuing vocational education. The author describes the general theoretical idea of a lifelong education that no longer raises any doubts and objections. The continuing education is regarded as a versatile process affecting psychological, social and professional spheres, and requiring therefore the integrative – i. e. personal, social and competence approach.Referring to the expertise of Kemerovo region, the author considers the functional aspects of continuing vocational teacher training. The main emphasis is on the advantages of the network cooperation of institutions representing different educational levels and structures. Such cooperation involves the qualitative changes of content, as well as economics and management of vocational education. The experimental project of the network lead-up for vocational training masters is described. 

  2. Students’ Preferred Characteristics of Learning Environments in Vocational Secondary Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingeborg Placklé

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available If teachers and teacher educators are willing to support the learning of students, it is important for them to learn what motivates students to engage in learning. Students have their own preferences on design characteristics of powerful learning environments in vocational education. We developed an instrument - the Inventory Powerful Learning Environments in Vocational Education - to measure students’ preferences on characteristics of powerful learning environments in vocational education. We investigated whether student preferences on the design of their learning environments are in line with what is described in the literature as beneficial for learning. Data of 544 students show that the preferences of students support most characteristics of PLEs in vocational education. Looking through the eyes of students, teachers have to challenge their students and encourage them to take their learning in their own hands. Adaptive learning support is needed. Remarkable, students do not prefer having reflective dialogues with teachers or peers.

  3. Vocational Education and the Training of Industrial Labour in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moura Castro, Claudio de

    1979-01-01

    Focusing on issues related to the training of industrial workers in Brazil, this article reports the findings of a study which evaluated the effectiveness of vocational training offered by the National Industrial Apprenticeship Service. (LRA)

  4. Performing Task Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elkjaer, Bente; Nickelsen, Niels Christian Mossfeldt

    . Here cross-professional coordination of work was done by scheduled communication twice a day. When we proposed a way for further integration of tasks through an all-inclusive team organization, we were met with resistance. We use the study to discuss whether relational coordination theory is able to do......In the paper, we deal with how to organize work for cross-professional knowledge sharing. We do so inspired by relational coordination theory, which is affiliated with positive organizational scholarship. Relational coordination theory is constituted by a combination of relationships marked...... away with differences regarding task definitions and working conditions as well as professional knowledge hierarchies and responsibilities for parts and wholes....

  5. Features or tasks?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heilesen, Simon

    In this paper for the Workshop on Human-computer interaction and e-learning, NordiCHI 2002, the author argues that in developing innovative E-learning systems, especially if constructivist pedagogy is to be applied, it will be useful to model the user interface on the often complex tasks...... that the user has to perform rather than just focusing on technical features (and adapting system use to them)....

  6. Study on the cohesion and coherence in English teaching between junior middle school and vocational school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范佳

    2012-01-01

      English in junior middle school is the basis of English in vocational school. As the current situation of vocational school students' English is unsatisfactory after they graduate from junior middle school and the study on the cohesion and coherence in English teaching between junior middle school and vocational school is a little. According to the current situation,this paper aims to search the ways of connecting junior middle school English teaching and vocational school English teaching. We can find the relationship between junior middle school English teaching and vocational school English teaching and the ways to help the vocational school students learn English wel .

  7. Gap Task Force

    CERN Multimedia

    Lissuaer, D

    One of the more congested areas in the ATLAS detector is the GAP region (the area between the Barrel Calorimeter and the End Cap calorimeter) where Inner Detector services, LAr Services and some Tile services all must co-habitat in a very limited area. It has been clear for some time that the space in the GAP region is not sufficient to accommodate all that is needed. In the last few month additional problems of routing all the services to Z=0 have been encountered due to the very limited space between the Tile Calorimeter and the first layer of Muon chambers. The Technical Management Board (TMB) and the Executive Board (EB) decided in the middle of March to establish a Task Force to look at this problem and come up with a solution within well-specified guidelines. The task force consisted of experts from the ID, Muon, Liquid Argon and Tile systems in addition to experts from the Technical Coordination team and the Physics coordinator. The task force held many meetings and in general there were some very l...

  8. Mobile Thread Task Manager

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, Bradley J.; Estlin, Tara A.; Bornstein, Benjamin J.

    2013-01-01

    The Mobile Thread Task Manager (MTTM) is being applied to parallelizing existing flight software to understand the benefits and to develop new techniques and architectural concepts for adapting software to multicore architectures. It allocates and load-balances tasks for a group of threads that migrate across processors to improve cache performance. In order to balance-load across threads, the MTTM augments a basic map-reduce strategy to draw jobs from a global queue. In a multicore processor, memory may be "homed" to the cache of a specific processor and must be accessed from that processor. The MTTB architecture wraps access to data with thread management to move threads to the home processor for that data so that the computation follows the data in an attempt to avoid L2 cache misses. Cache homing is also handled by a memory manager that translates identifiers to processor IDs where the data will be homed (according to rules defined by the user). The user can also specify the number of threads and processors separately, which is important for tuning performance for different patterns of computation and memory access. MTTM efficiently processes tasks in parallel on a multiprocessor computer. It also provides an interface to make it easier to adapt existing software to a multiprocessor environment.

  9. 浅谈职业教育教师“工匠型”专业化发展%Discussion on “Craftsman -oriented” Professional Development of Vocational Education Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维娥

    2016-01-01

    目前,努力提高技术技能型人才的质量已得到高职院校普遍重视,但对于人才培养质量提高的关键因素———师资的专业化发展,理念上却比较传统。文本根据职业教育所承担的任务以及目前职业院校师资水平现状,提出提升职业教育教师的专业化水平要像训练“工匠”一样。“工匠型”专业化发展既是职业院校教师从业发展的必然要求,也是提高职业教育质量的关键所在。%currently ,higher vocational colleges have generally attached importance to improve the quality of skilled talents ;however ,as to the key factor of improving the quality of talents - profession‐al development of teachers , it is comparatively traditional in concept . This paper proposes that the process of improving the professional level of vocational education teachers should be like training“craftsman” according to the tasks born by the vocational education and current state of teachers ’ level in vocational schools .“Craftsman-oriented”professional development is not only an inevitable require‐ment for vocational development of teachers in vocational schools but also the key factor for improving vocational education quality .

  10. Emotional Education in English Teaching in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金秀金

    2008-01-01

    English teaching in vocational colleges must manifest its essence and help students feel the spirit of the language.Looking from the humanism of language,we cannot abandon the humanity attribute of the language,study environment and the humanities concern.Therefore,we must pay more attention to students'emotion,conduct a series of humanities concern throughout the whole teaching process in vocational colleges.

  11. On teaching methods of uplifting Higher Vocational College Students’ oral English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Jiqiu

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the teaching quality of students' oral English in Higher Vocational Col ege, in the first place, we should obey the fol owing principles:changing the role between teachers and students, that is, students should become the center of classroom activities, while teachers should be a coordinator, organizer and planner;training as the main tasks and lifeline. In the second place, we should create a real communicative context and carry out various forms of activities;final y comprehensively use demonstration teaching method, multimedia teaching method and micro teaching method to cultivate students’ enthusiasm for training and speaking English and constantly optimize the ef ect of teaching in a ful dimension.

  12. On the causes and strategies of the major tense errors in vocational school students’ English writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲玲

    2015-01-01

    English writing has been increasingly important nowadays.Cultivating students’written skills has become one of the most important tasks in vocational school English teaching But,because of the lack of linguistic competence,effective vocabulary,and basic writing skills as well as the negative effects from mother tongue and cultural differences between China and western world,numerous kinds of mistakes occur in English writing.In view of this,the author found the most frequently-made mistake in students’English writing,based on personal teaching practice and research,is the improper employment of English tenses,and the main error converges at the present perfect tense.This thesis mainly analyzes the reasons and the possible solutions from two aspects:mother tongue transfer and tense confusion and ends up with the strategies of improving the writing abilities of the concerned students.

  13. Reflective Consciousness of Teaching and Learning on English Curricu-lum in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景韵

    2013-01-01

    In English classroom of higher vocational colleges, there exist two essential factors: teachers’reflective consciousness and students’reflective consciousness. The former is teachers’awareness of learning activities and effect, and it contains the teach⁃er’s reflections on the classroom practice, the presentation of learning tasks, the participation of students and the interaction be⁃tween teachers and students in the classroom. The latter refers to students’awareness of self-improvement and the growing pro⁃cess. It focuses on the self-realization of students and their professional ability, method ability and social ability. The two factors are interactive to each other;in the interaction, the former is dominated, and the latter is strongly influenced;through the interac⁃tion, a harmonious classroom is constructed so as to achieve the effective teaching.

  14. On How to Improve Spoken English Teaching on Business of Liuzhou City Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻馨锐

    2013-01-01

      Nowadays, China’s foreign trade can not be compared with what it was before. As the foreign trade business has devel⁃oped rapidly, a great deal of qualified talents on economy and trades are needed. These kinds of talents are supposed to master aca⁃demic knowledge of economy and trade as well as the related business knowledge. Moreover, they should have excellent competenc⁃es of expressing themselves orally in foreign language. English is the popular language that is used in international communication. All English majors in Liuzhou City Vocational College (LCVC) are majoring in Business English. According to some research, one of the weakest abilities of business major is spoken English. Hence, it becomes an important task for teachers to enhance students ’ spoken English competence on business. This article is talking about this teaching condition and to make some analyzes and put forward some reform suggestions based on the investigation.

  15. The Place of Vocational Pedagogy in Pedagogical Science System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Ronzhina

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available  The paper is devoted to defining the place of professional pedagogy in the system of pedagogic sciences. It is justified by the goal-setting idea that implies the competent personality development in the process of vocational training and life long self-development. The need for vocational pedagogy was caused by the social demand for the unified successive system of vocational training. The pedagogic problems can be divided according to the goal setting into the two main categories: integration into the social and natural environment (socialization, and integration in professional environment (professionalism. Therefore, pedagogy incorporates two main spheres: the general and vocational pedagogy, in which the other types of pedagogic knowledge are specified. In compliance with the goal setting, the pedagogic issues of teacher training are also divided into two groups: 1 training teachers for socialization system– the goal of pedagogic training; 2 training teachers for professional system – the goal of vocational teacher training. Such division is rather formal as every educational establishment within the framework of the federal educational standards provides up-bringing, general education, personal and civil growth, etc. However, the author demonstrates the specificity of general and vocational education in accordance with the set goals. 

  16. The Place of Vocational Pedagogy in Pedagogical Science System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Ronzhina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available  The paper is devoted to defining the place of professional pedagogy in the system of pedagogic sciences. It is justified by the goal-setting idea that implies the competent personality development in the process of vocational training and life long self-development. The need for vocational pedagogy was caused by the social demand for the unified successive system of vocational training. The pedagogic problems can be divided according to the goal setting into the two main categories: integration into the social and natural environment (socialization, and integration in professional environment (professionalism. Therefore, pedagogy incorporates two main spheres: the general and vocational pedagogy, in which the other types of pedagogic knowledge are specified. In compliance with the goal setting, the pedagogic issues of teacher training are also divided into two groups: 1 training teachers for socialization system– the goal of pedagogic training; 2 training teachers for professional system – the goal of vocational teacher training. Such division is rather formal as every educational establishment within the framework of the federal educational standards provides up-bringing, general education, personal and civil growth, etc. However, the author demonstrates the specificity of general and vocational education in accordance with the set goals. 

  17. Vocational Literacy in Mozambique: Historical Development, Current Challenges and Contradictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Popov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The study analyses the historical development of vocational literacy in basic education and Non-Formal Vocational Education (NFVE in Mozambique, as well as current challenges and contradictions. The theoretical lens of Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT is employed in the study. Methodologically the study was executed through an analysis of oral, printed and e-resources produced by the main stakeholders and also the reflective experiences of the authors in their extensive educational work in the country. The findings reveal poorly developed vocational literacy education in schools and non-formal settings in spite of recurrent political declarations about its importance. There is a strong dependence by formal and particularly NFVE sectors on the technical and financial support provided by international organisations. Vocational literacy courses are characterized by a lack of adequate equipment and poor practice. As a consequence, theoretical or elementary forms of vocational knowledge are dominant in the courses, resulting in the dissatisfaction of both learners and educators. Vocational literacy development proved to be a complex field that faces many challenges and ischaracterised by diverse internal contradictions.

  18. Nicotine improves antisaccade task performance without affecting prosaccades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larrison, Abigail L; Briand, Kevin A; Sereno, Anne B

    2004-08-01

    Although there is ample evidence for a cognitive-attentional benefit of the stimulant nicotine, the source of this benefit is not as well understood. One approach is to address what aspects of performance nicotine affects at a functional systems level. It is currently debated whether the benefits produced by nicotine are the effect of enhanced higher cognitive function or reflect an overall increase in general arousal. In order to address this question, the effects of nicotine on two simple eye movement tasks were studied: the saccade (S) and antisaccade (AS) tasks. Because the S and AS tasks utilize identical sensory stimuli (peripheral targets) and require identical motor responses (eye movements) but differ significantly in their cognitive demands, the use of these two tasks should enable a parsing of nicotine effects on cognitive versus sensory-motor processes. In this study, the S and AS tasks were performed by two experimental groups, task naïve subjects and highly practised subjects. For the first group, that of the task naïve subjects, nicotine gum administration resulted in a decrease in AS errors. For the second group, that of two experienced subjects tested repeatedly over a 3 week period, nicotine also produced a significant decrease in AS task errors, as well as resulting in a significant decrease in AS response times. Neither task naïve nor experienced subjects showed any effects of nicotine on the S task. Examining the effects of nicotine on highly controlled and constrained tasks such as the S and AS task may provide another level of insight into the mechanisms underlying the beneficial cognitive effects of nicotine. Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  19. Theory of choice in bandit, information sampling and foraging tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Averbeck, Bruno B

    2015-03-01

    Decision making has been studied with a wide array of tasks. Here we examine the theoretical structure of bandit, information sampling and foraging tasks. These tasks move beyond tasks where the choice in the current trial does not affect future expected rewards. We have modeled these tasks using Markov decision processes (MDPs). MDPs provide a general framework for modeling tasks in which decisions affect the information on which future choices will be made. Under the assumption that agents are maximizing expected rewards, MDPs provide normative solutions. We find that all three classes of tasks pose choices among actions which trade-off immediate and future expected rewards. The tasks drive these trade-offs in unique ways, however. For bandit and information sampling tasks, increasing uncertainty or the time horizon shifts value to actions that pay-off in the future. Correspondingly, decreasing uncertainty increases the relative value of actions that pay-off immediately. For foraging tasks the time-horizon plays the dominant role, as choices do not affect future uncertainty in these tasks.

  20. Career Management Skills Among Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, Normah; Yamin, Azlin; Maarof, Rosmawati

    2017-08-01

    Career management skills are important elements that should be present in each individual, because career selection process is crucial for school leavers. The phenomenon of students who are less knowledgeable about career at the end of school is among the main reasons they choose a career that does not fit. The situation is very worrying and poses various negative implications such as work stress and frequent swapping of jobs. In fact, research has found that most vocational students have a low level of career management. Therefore, this study is aimed to identify career management skills that students possess. The research design was a survey using a quantitative approach with a number of samples, n = 480. Data was analysed using statistical software, Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The results show that students’ overall career management skills are moderate. To develop human capital with the right competence, career management skills are critical requirements that can fill the gaps in industry.

  1. Secondary Vocational Education in Working Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gvido Melink

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a successful project of secondary vocational education carried out by our school for the occupation of a toolmaker and a machinist for the companies Domel, Indramat and Niko in Železniki, considering the modern methods of teaching adults and having consistently adjusted timetable of the lectures in accordance with the working hours of the candidates and the production process respectively. Lectures, training and practical work in the workshop were performed in the company and school's workshops and laboratories. In the additional chapter the authors draw attention to the problems of payment for the teachers of technical s ubjects, who enter the education process with great working experience from companies but start here as beginners since the school regulations do not define such cases.

  2. 论高职院校双师型教师队伍建设策略%On Strategies for the Construction of Double-Qualified Teacher Teams in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春艳

    2014-01-01

    高职院校的核心竞争力就是师资力量。在高等职业教育竞争日趋激烈的今天,如何加强双师型教师队伍建设,强化师资力量,已经成为很多高职院校的首要任务。本文首先解释了双师型教师的涵义,然后分析了高职院校双师型教师队伍建设中存在的问题,最后提出了加强高职院校双师型教师队伍建设的策略。%The core competitiveness of a higher vocational college is the teaching staff. In today's increasingly competitive develop-ment of higher vocational education, how to strengthen the dou-ble-qualified teacher team construction and strengthen the teaching staff have become the primary task of many higher voca-tional colleges. This paper first explains the connotation of dou-ble-qualified teachers, and then analyzes the problems of dou-ble-qualification teacher team construction in higher vocational colleges,finally proposes strategies of strengthening double-qual-ified teacher team construction in higher vocational colleges.

  3. Discussion on the Problems and Countermeasures of Financial Budget Management in Vocational Colleges%高职院校财务预算管理中存在的问题及对策探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨云奇; 景云霞; 叶燕文

    2012-01-01

    随着高职院校示范性、骨干性建设的步伐加快,厘清职业院校财务预算管理的内涵与矛盾,强化预算管理的科学性、规范性、公正性,为职业院校的发展提供资金运作的最佳方式,是高职院校财务管理的当务之急。本论文通过对高职院校财务预算管理中存在的问题进行分析,提出了一套针对高校预算管理的整体解决方案。%With exemplary vocational colleges, the backbone of the construction pace accelerated clarify the connotations and contradictions of the of vocational institutions financial budget management, strengthen budget management science, normative, fairness, to provide funds for the development of vocational schools the best way of operation, is the most urgent task of the financial management of the vocational colleges. The paper through the analysis of the problems in the vocational colleges in the financial budget management, put forward a set of the overall university budget management solutions.

  4. Task Dominance Determines Backward Inhibition in Task Switching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerstin Jost

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Switching between tasks is assumed to be accompanied by inhibiting currently irrelevant, but competing tasks. A dominant task that strongly interferes with performing a weaker task may receive especially strong inhibition. We tested this prediction by letting participants switch among three tasks that differ in dominance: a location discrimination task with strong stimulus–response bindings (responding with left-hand and right-hand button presses to stimuli presented left or right to the fixation cross was combined with a color/pattern and a shape discrimination task, for which stimulus–response mappings were arbitrary (e.g., left-hand button press mapped to a red stimulus. Across three experiments, the dominance of the location task was documented by faster and more accurate responses than in the other tasks. This even held for incompatible stimulus–response mappings (i.e., right-hand response to a left-presented stimulus and vice versa, indicating that set-level compatibility (i.e., “dimension overlap” was sufficient for making this location task dominant. As a behavioral marker for backward inhibition, we utilized n-2 repetition costs that are defined by higher reaction times for a switch back to a just abandoned and thus just inhibited task (ABA sequence than for a switch to a less recently inhibited task (CBA, n-2 non-repetition. Reliable n-2 task repetition costs were obtained for all three tasks. Importantly, these costs were largest for the location task, suggesting that inhibition indeed was stronger for the dominant task. This finding adds to other evidence that the amount of inhibition is adjusted in a context-sensitive way.

  5. Decreased interoceptive accuracy following social exclusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durlik, Caroline; Tsakiris, Manos

    2015-04-01

    The need for social affiliation is one of the most important and fundamental human needs. Unsurprisingly, humans display strong negative reactions to social exclusion. In the present study, we investigated the effect of social exclusion on interoceptive accuracy - accuracy in detecting signals arising inside the body - measured with a heartbeat perception task. We manipulated exclusion using Cyberball, a widely used paradigm of a virtual ball-tossing game, with half of the participants being included during the game and the other half of participants being ostracized during the game. Our results indicated that heartbeat perception accuracy decreased in the excluded, but not in the included, participants. We discuss these results in the context of social and physical pain overlap, as well as in relation to internally versus externally oriented attention.

  6. Restrictions and Countermeasures of Rural Vocational Education in Urban-rural Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Developing rural vocational education is of great significance to urban-rural integration: developing rural vocational education is helpful to cultivating new farmers for construction of new socialist countryside,favorable to improving farmers’ ability of finding jobs and starting undertaking, and beneficial to transfer of rural surplus labor and acceleration of urbanization. Restrictions on development rural vocational education mainly include: low value cognition of society and social assessment of rural vocational education; out of balance of cost and expected return of rural vocational education; the quality of supply of rural vocational education failure to satisfy demand of socio-economic development; imperfect rural vocational education system. In view of these,following countermeasures and suggestions are put forward: strengthen propaganda and guidance to build environment of public opinion for rural vocational education; push forward rural vocational compulsory education system to lay social foundation for rural vocational education; reinforce policy support to assist in building rural vocational education system; improve education system to build overall framework of rural vocational education; perfect laws and regulations to establish system and norm for development of rural vocational education.

  7. 《审计》任务驱动式课堂教学改革的思考%The Reform of Audit Task Driven Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘淑琴

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the question of audit teaching reform in higher vocational colleges, this article revolves around the talents training goal of higher vocational, discusses the necessity of the reform of task driven classroom teaching of the auditing theory and practice in higher vocational colleges, the content of the reform, the implementation of the reform and the problems should be paid attention to.%针对高职院校审计教学改革这一问题,文章围绕高职人才培养目标,对高职院校《审计原理及实务》任务驱动式课堂教学改革的必要性,改革的内容,改革的实施和注意的问题进行了探讨。

  8. Calorimetry Task Force Report

    CERN Document Server

    Abdullin, Salavat; Banerjee, Sunanda; Beauceron, Stephanie; Beaudette, Florian; Bhatti, Anwar; Chlebana, Frank; Cossutti, Fabio; Hirschauer, James; Ivanchenko, V; Jang, Dong Wook; Jun, Soon Yung; Kunori, Shuichi; Kroeger, Rob; Liu, Yanwen; Moeller, Anthony; Paulini, Manfred; Piperov, Stefan; Rahmat, Rahmat; Rovelli, Chiara; Safronov, Grigory; Sharma, Seema; Spiropulu, Maria; Yetkin, Taylan

    2010-01-01

    In this note we summarize the progress made by the calorimeter simulation task force (CaloTF) over the past year. The CaloTF was established in February 2008 in order to understand and reconcile the discrepancies observed between the CMS calorimetry simulation and test beam data recorded during 2004 and 2006. The simulation has been significantly improved by using a newer version of Geant4 and an improved physics list for the full CMS detector simulation. Simulation times have been reduced by introducing flexible parameterizations to describe showering in the calorimeter (using a Gflash-like approach) which have been tuned to the test beam data.

  9. Quarternary tectonics, Task 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bell, J.W.

    1993-09-30

    Activities conducted for the evaluation of the geology and seismotectonics stability of Yucca Mountain as a potential site for the underground disposal of high-level radioactive wastes continued. Tasks concerned with quaternary tectonics include: scheduling of photography of Little Skull Mountain area; the collection and dating of rock varnish samples from the 1932 Cedar Mountain earthquake area for carbon 14 AMS and cation-ratio analysis; collection of samples for thermoluminescence dating from the 1932 Cedar Mountain earthquake area; mapping of the northern area of Crater Flat; and surveying of the May 17, 1993 Eureka the Valley earthquake area.

  10. The Application of the Task-driven and Project-oriented Teaching Mode in the Curriculum Construction in Higher Vocational Colleges--Taking Employment Skill Comprehensive Training and Testing as an Example%任务驱动项目导向在高职课程建设中的运用--以汉语《就业技能综合实训与检测》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雯婷

    2014-01-01

    At present, the Ministry of Education continues to promote the reform of the task-driven and project-oriented teaching model. This paper explores the development and construction of the comprehensive training curriculum for students of liberal arts under the guidance of the task-driven and project-oriented teaching model.%当前教育部继续大力推进任务驱动项目导向教学模式改革。本文以我院汉语《就业技能综合实训与检测》课程建设为例,探讨对任务驱动项目导向教学模式指导下的文科类综合实训课程的开发和建设的思考。

  11. 构建中-高-本零距离衔接的铜仁大职教思考%Thoughts on Buildingthe Zero Distance Connection of VocationalSchools, Vocational College and Universitiesin TongrenVocationalEducation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓川

    2015-01-01

    Tongren is a typical agricultural area in Guizhou Province. The government pays high attention to vocational education, so the reis aqualified university, two vocational colleges (including one national key vocational colleges), and fourteen vocational schools in Tongren, which has trained large number of talents for local economic development. This paper discussed how to integrate Tongren vocational education resources, and how the university was the guide for vocational colleges and vocational schools. Therefore, it put forward in the building the zero distance connection of vocational schools, vocational colleges and universities in Tongren vocational education.%要提升职教办学水平,就必须整合铜仁职业教育资源,发挥好本科对高职高专及中职的带动作用,构建中-高-本零距离衔接的大职教体系,其对策主要有:以本科院校为龙头,形成中-高-本贯通的职业技术教育集团学校;激活行业企业的参与度,把集团化办学从学校联盟向校企联合体转型,健全职业教育整体发展的体系,促进职业教育良性发展。

  12. Workplace Learning Vocational Education Curriculum Development and Environmental Conditions%工作场所学习职教课程实施的环境条件

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张光跃; 张萌

    2012-01-01

    基于工作场所学习的职教课程是目前国内多数职业院校采用的一种新的职教课程开发模式,它彻底改变了学科体系的课程结构观,建立起与职业岗位体系相适应的课程体系。但是这种新的课程理念推广应用的效果并不如人意,其主要原因是忽视了这种职教课程的实施环境。因此,有必要对工作场所学习职教课程的结构观,工作场所学习职教课程开发的关键要素以及在本土化实施的边界条件——环境要求进行讨论。%As a new kind of vocational education curriculum development mode,the vocational education courses based on workplace task learning are using by most vocational colleges,which thoroughly changed the discipline system of course structure view and set up curriculum system suitable for the working position.But the new curriculum concept of popularization and application effect is not satisfactory,The main reason is to overlook the vocational education course of implementation of the environment.This article discusses the idea of the high vocational education workplace learning curriculum system,the key factor of development of the workplace learning curriculum and the requires of its boundary condition-environmental requirements.

  13. From the Reality of Work to Grounded Work-Based Learning in German Vocational Education and Training: Background, Concept and Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Gessler

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The "Riga Conclusions" of the European Ministries of Education of 22 June 2015 for the orientation of vocational education and training in Europe are promoting work-based learning as one of five "medium-term deliverables" for the next five years. But: How should and can work-based teaching and learning be designed? Our approach was developed within the German Dual VET System. Therefore it is not surprising that the work reality is for us the major principle for designing curricula and learning settings. As a starting point for developing didactical measures in the field of vocational education and training it is crucial in this approach to identify practices, routines and experiences of skilled workers that are experts for what they are doing. What are those people doing when handling a task, how are they acting, what work objects and tools are they operating with, and what requirements do they have to be aware of? To answer these kinds of questions, the real work in practice must be explored. A useful approach for doing this is a vocational work process analysis. The next step comprises developing a workbased learning project for the classroom. These two steps, vocational work process analysis and work-based learning projects, build the core of the article and enable a grounded work-based learning. Additional the changing priorities of curriculum design in the last century are introduced to reach a better understanding of the background and the actual work-oriented focus in German Dual VET. Our key proposition is: If work-based learning in vocational schools is wanted, the gap between the reality of work and the formal learning settings has to be closed.

  14. Current Situation Analysis for Oral English Learning of Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶

    2013-01-01

    Through the questionnaire, this paper makes survey and analysis on the current oral English learning situation of the vocational college students, and explores the methods and approaches to improve the vocational college students ’oral English communication ability.

  15. 78 FR 34962 - American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and Extensions of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... CFR Part 75 and Chapter III American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and Extensions of the Project Periods AGENCY: Rehabilitation Services Administration, Office of... two sets of grantees under the American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services (AIVRS) Program...

  16. Promoting Vocational Exploration and Decision Making among High School and College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    1978-01-01

    This review surveys vocational exploration and decision making among high school and college students. Findings indicate educational institutions need to evaluate their collective ability to help students in vocational exploration and decision making. (MFD)

  17. Resumes of Exemplary Programs in the States. State Planning for Vocational Education Innovative Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Darrell L., Comp.; Kazarian, Edward N., Comp.

    Contained in this report are brief descriptions of 68 innovative vocational education programs which are presently underway in 42 states. These resumes are intended to help State leadership personnel in planning improved vocational programs. (BH)

  18. As the EBacc Education Beds Down, Pressures Grow for Vocational Alternatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Though upper secondary education is increasingly dominated by the EBacc, there are growing calls for vocational alternatives and for schools to be more than "exam factories". This short contribution examines whether vocational education provides an alternative way forward.

  19. Vocational Education--The Post Secondary Connection for Learning Disabled Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siefferman, Larry D.

    1983-01-01

    Describes Georgia's Career Development Centers, model programs of support services to enable learning disabled students to enter postsecondary vocational programs successfully. Components include vocational evaluation, disability specialists, modified curriculum, counseling, and remedial instruction. (SK)

  20. Extended Teams in vocational education: Slow starters but worth the wait

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mazereeuw, Marco; McKenney, Susan; Wopereis, Iwan

    2015-01-01

    This study was undertaken due to the notorious frustrations of vocational educators and workplace supervisors concerning (mis)alignment between school and work contexts. Extended teams, consisting of vocational teachers and workplace supervisors, were established to share responsibility for the

  1. 77 FR 48973 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Vocational and Adult Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Proposed Information Collection Requests; Office of Vocational and Adult Education; Perkins... and financial reports for the Office of Vocational Adult Education office (OVAE) Division of...

  2. A Training System for Export? The German Dual Vocational Training System and Its Transferability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroter, H. Gunter

    1995-01-01

    Problems with vocational education and training in developing countries include insufficient resources and lack of workplace experience. The German dual vocational training system is being promoted as a potential solution. (SK)

  3. 例谈高职数学知识在解决经济问题中的应用%pplication of Higher Vocational Mathematics Knowledge to Solve Economic Problems through Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦潍苹

    2014-01-01

    Higher vocational mathematics knowledge is widely applied in solving the economic problems, training students to master the application of mathematics knowledge to solve practical problems is the basic task of higher vocational mathematics education, and the fundamental task of the mathematics education for students of Economic Management in higher vocational school is to develop the students' ability of applying the mathematics knowledge they have learned to related courses in economic. Now union Economic Management specialized characteristic, to discuss the application of higher vocational mathematics knowledge to solve economic problems through examples.%高职数学知识在经济问题的解决中应用已十分广泛,培养学生掌握应用所学数学知识解决实际问题是高职数学教育的根本任务,对高职经管专业学生数学教育的根本任务是培养学生将所学的数学知识运用到相关经济专业课学习中去的能力。现结合高职院校经济管理类的专业特点举例讨论高等数学知识在解决经济问题中的应用。

  4. Novice supervisors' tasks and training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jan; Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Mathiesen, Birgit Bork

    2012-01-01

    were confronted with complicated jobs, e.g., group, internal and interdisciplinary supervision, but were not prepared, i.e. trained, prior to these tasks. These findings imply that more training is needed for novice supervisors. Preferably, this training should be introduced before, or at least...... parallel to, the first supervisor tasks, preparing the novice supervisors for the often complicated tasks they are meeting....

  5. Principles of Communicative Task Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, David

    The use of the learning task as a basic planning and instructional tool for communicative second language instruction is discussed, and considerations and procedures for designing such tasks are outlined. A task is defined as a piece of classroom work that involves learners in comprehending, manipulating, producing, or interacting in the target…

  6. TASK: Let's Have a Party!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, James

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a creative way to demystify contemporary art for students. TASK is artist Oliver Herring's creation, where participants actively interpret instructions found on little pieces of paper--what he calls "tasks." An art classroom has all the key ingredients for a TASK event: (1) people; (2) materials; (3) space;…

  7. TASK: Let's Have a Party!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, James

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a creative way to demystify contemporary art for students. TASK is artist Oliver Herring's creation, where participants actively interpret instructions found on little pieces of paper--what he calls "tasks." An art classroom has all the key ingredients for a TASK event: (1) people; (2) materials; (3) space;…

  8. The Entrance test of physics and Workbook in teaching of physics at secondary vocational school within long-term pedagogical research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerlínová, Věra

    2017-01-01

    Within the long-term pedagogical research ongoing since the school year 2008/2009 to 2015/2016 at the secondary vocational school in Bohumín was through of Entrance test of physics, which included curriculum of the sixth to ninth year of elementary school, regularly finding out, in which parts of Entrance test - Unit conversions, International System of Units, Properties of matter, Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Electricity and Magnetism, Optics, Atoms and Universe - pupils of the 1st years of secondary vocational school, technical and non-technical, reach a higher number of correct answers, in which dominates the wrong answers and which parts of the test pupils are better left out completely. It turned out that the results of these tests are very informative not only for theoretical and practical teaching, but also technical and other science subjects. The results of the Entrance tests are also a valuable source of information for continuous innovation Workbook of Physics - Mechanics for the 1st year of secondary vocational schools [1] - whose the first version began during the school year 2007/2008 and which was tested within pre-research in school years 2008/2009, 2009/2010 and within research in school year 2010/2011. On the basis of feedbacks getting from research the Workbook is regularly expanded, innovated and updated. The Workbook consists of parts dedicated to physical concepts, physical tasks, proposals to physical experiments, pupils comments from viewed video projection and documentary films, examples from the world of science and technology, examples from practice and real life, physical terminology in English, quizzes, competitions, interesting things and links related to discussed curriculum. The Workbook is divided into thematic sections, chapters and subchapters similar as physics textbooks for pupils of the 1st years of Secondary Schools in the Czech Republic. In the Workbook there are included tasks on fill in the words, polynomial tasks with

  9. Reflecting on the Mathematics Curriculum Construction of Higher Vocational Education%反思中国高职院校的数学课程建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游安军

    2015-01-01

    The mathematics curriculum of the higher vocational college was in danger situation, the mathematics curriculum construction of the higher vocational education should be changed from logical system to applied system, the important of all tasks was the mixture of mathematics and professional knowledge.%高职院校《高等数学》课程已经陷入严重的危机之中。根据职业教育的目标和学生的基础水平,高职数学课程建设必须实现由逻辑体系向应用体系的转变,其中最核心的任务是加强数学与相关专业知识的融合。

  10. Role of Krishi Vigyan Kenderas for the empowerment of rural women through vocational trainings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabasum Nazir

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to determine the role of Krishi Vigyan Kenderas for the empowerment of rural women in Kashmir valley in the year 2010-12. A sample of 400 rural women out of 800 covered under different vocational training courses of Kvks was selected by random sampling method for data collection. A structured interview schedule was prepared and was pretested on 10 percent of the respondents before final use. The study revealed that majority of the respondents (46.75% became independent, (30.5% respondents had reduced their dependency and a small number of respondents (22.75% did not feel any change in their dependency. The findings revealed that majority of the, respondents developed their leadership qualities, can make self assessment, got economic freedom, developed their psychological confidence and became able to take decisions. Thus vocational trainings given through kvks plays a positive role for the empowerment of rural women who have undergone through trainings and adopted the recommendations of the given practices. The findings of the study also revealed that majority of the women respondents had increased their psychological confidence and decreased their sub-ordination and cent percent of the women respondents agreed that vocational trainings given by Krihi Vigyan Kenderas provided an opportunity for women to enhance their economy and improve the socio economic status of rural women. More than half of the respondents revealed that they earn profit by adopting these skills and have increased their income and became socially, economically and psychologically empowered. The training of cutting and tailoring, knitting, fruit and vegetable preservation and tilla work has increased the economic status of trainees and also of their families. The positive change in their living status was also visible. Hence training programmes organized by KVKs especially for rural women for their empowerment plays a positive role.

  11. An Evaluation of Vocational Self-Esteem and Job Satisfaction of Primary School Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuri BALOĞLU

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The main basis for having individual and social prosperity is having a high quality of education. To have a high quality of education, it depends on the work of teacher’s who are in the main part of education system. The people who have duties in an educational organization (teachers are using their knowledge, skills and attitudes and through this they actualize the perposes of the education system. Based on that research, for qualified education, the main fundamental is the relationship between teachers self-esteem and job satisfaction. The method of research is a survey method which includes layerd sampling. The study is supported by the primary schools in Kadiköy in Istanbul. The sample of research is supported by 17 primary schools in Kadıköy which are selected through the layerd sampling method. Research data is collected using a vocational self-esteem scale, job satisfaction scale and teacher’sinterview forms. In order to measure countable data frequency (n and the percentages are used. To measure countable data arithmetic mean (x and standard deviation (ss are used. For independent models, the t-test and Pearson product moment coefficient of correlation are used for the analysis. In the research, when a teacher’s vocational self-esteem increases, there is a decrease in the level of job satisfaction both internally and externally.People and instates, firstly lecturers in the faculty of education, works to increase the level of respect for the teacher’s vacation. The results that are found under that research show that if studies aren’t based on how to increase teachers self –esteem with job satisfaction, negative results will occur. For that reason, under theresponsibility of the Ministry of National Education, studies have to be done to increase teacher’s vocational selfesteem through job satisfaction (payment, security, social rights…

  12. Reflections on Developing Secondary Vocational Education in High-Poverty Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiang; Chen, Guofeng

    2013-01-01

    Developing vocational education is a necessity for the economic and social development of high-poverty areas in China. But vocational education in impoverished areas lacks social recognition and faces funding shortages, along with difficulties in recruiting students. Vocational high schools themselves also have shortcomings. This article considers…

  13. The Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Commitment: The Case for Vocational Teachers in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khasawneh, Samer; Omari, Aieman; Abu-Tineh, Abdullah M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to determine the relationship between transformational leadership of vocational school principals on vocational teachers-organizational commitment. A random sample of 340 vocational teachers responded to a three-part instrument (the transformational leadership questionnaire, the organizational commitment…

  14. The Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Commitment: The Case for Vocational Teachers in Jordan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khasawneh, Samer; Omari, Aieman; Abu-Tineh, Abdullah M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to determine the relationship between transformational leadership of vocational school principals on vocational teachers-organizational commitment. A random sample of 340 vocational teachers responded to a three-part instrument (the transformational leadership questionnaire, the organizational commitment…

  15. 34 CFR 361.65 - Allotment and payment of Federal funds for vocational rehabilitation services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION SERVICES PROGRAM Financing of State Vocational Rehabilitation Programs § 361.65 Allotment and payment of Federal funds for vocational rehabilitation services. (a) Allotment. (1) The... rehabilitation services. 361.65 Section 361.65 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department...

  16. Using Cost-Benefit Analysis to Determine Profitability of Secondary Vocational Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navaratnam, K. K.; And Others

    A major challenge confronting vocational educators is to justify programs in economic terms. The purpose of this study was to propose and implement a cost-benefit analysis model to determine the economic outcomes of secondary vocational education programs at the local level. For the study, a cost-benefit model for secondary vocational education…

  17. Exploration on the Evaluation Mode of "International Trade Practice" in Higher Vocational Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yamin

    2011-01-01

    Considering the employment-oriented positioning of higher vocational education which is put by the education ministry and the features of higher vocational schools students, this paper indicates that the disadvantages in the evaluation mode of higher vocational school international trade course. Therefore, a reformed suggestion is given for the…

  18. 34 CFR 403.1 - What is the State Vocational and Applied Technology Education Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the State Vocational and Applied Technology... TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM General § 403.1 What is the State Vocational and Applied Technology Education Program? (a) Under the State Vocational and Applied Technology Education Program, the Secretary...

  19. Welding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browning, Terry

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  20. Reflections on English-teaching For Non-English Majors of Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏铃

    2013-01-01

    With the development of Higher Vocational Education, the reform of Higher Vocational Education becomes a hot issue in educational circles. This thesis analyzes the problems of English teaching for non-English majors of vocational colleges, and proposes some tips for it..