WorldWideScience

Sample records for vocational psychology research

  1. Integrating Theory, Research, and Practice in Vocational Psychology: Current Status and Future Directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, James P., Jr., Ed.; Bullock-Yowell, Emily, Ed.; Dozier, V. Casey, Ed.; Osborn, Debra S., Ed.; Lenz, Janet G., Ed.

    2017-01-01

    This publication is based on the 2016 Society for Vocational Psychology (SVP) Biennial Conference, that was held at the Florida State University on May 16-17, 2016. The conference theme was "Integrating Theory, Research, and Practice in Vocational Psychology." The conference content and the resulting edited book are based on the…

  2. Autoethnography as a Method for Reflexive Research and Practice in Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIlveen, Peter

    2008-01-01

    This paper overviews the qualitative research method of autoethnography and its relevance to research in vocational psychology and practice in career development. Autoethnography is a reflexive means by which the researcher-practitioner consciously embeds himself or herself in theory and practice, and by way of intimate autobiographic account,…

  3. Desiderata: Towards Indigenous Models of Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Frederick T. L.; Pearce, Marina

    2011-01-01

    As a result of a relative lack of cross-cultural validity in most current (Western) psychological models, indigenous models of psychology have recently become a popular approach for understanding behaviour in specific cultures. Such models would be valuable to vocational psychology research with culturally diverse populations. Problems facing…

  4. Desiderata: Towards Indigenous Models of Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Frederick T. L.; Pearce, Marina

    2011-01-01

    As a result of a relative lack of cross-cultural validity in most current (Western) psychological models, indigenous models of psychology have recently become a popular approach for understanding behaviour in specific cultures. Such models would be valuable to vocational psychology research with culturally diverse populations. Problems facing…

  5. The Importance of Workplace Bullying to Vocational Psychology: Implications for Research and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, Mary E.; Cotter, Elizabeth W.; Bernfeld, Steve J.; Carter, Laura M.; Kies, Ashley; Fouad, Nadya A.

    2011-01-01

    Workplace bullying is a significant problem in many adult work settings. Much of the research has been conducted by organizational psychologists. It is important for vocational scholars and practitioners to be knowledgeable about the phenomena of workplace bullying, as they are in a position to contribute to the literature base and to counsel…

  6. Big Questions Facing Vocational Psychology: A Cognitive Information Processing Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Robert C.; Lenz, Janet G.; Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2011-01-01

    This article draws upon the authors' experience in developing cognitive information processing theory in order to examine three important questions facing vocational psychology and assessment: (a) Where should new knowledge for vocational psychology come from? (b) How do career theories and research find their way into practice? and (c) What is…

  7. Big Questions Facing Vocational Psychology: A Cognitive Information Processing Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, Robert C.; Lenz, Janet G.; Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2011-01-01

    This article draws upon the authors' experience in developing cognitive information processing theory in order to examine three important questions facing vocational psychology and assessment: (a) Where should new knowledge for vocational psychology come from? (b) How do career theories and research find their way into practice? and (c) What is…

  8. Vocation in Theology and Psychology: Conflicting Approaches?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotman, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Recent contributions in the fields of psychology, sociology, and theology reveal opposing attitudes about the subject of calling or vocation with regard to one's work. Whereas psychologists have rediscovered the concept, theologians increasingly show reluctance to accept a vocational view of work. In offering an alternative perspective, this…

  9. Autoethnography in Vocational Psychology: Wearing Your Class on Your Sleeve

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIlveen, Peter; Beccaria, Gavin; du Preez, Jan; Patton, Wendy

    2010-01-01

    This article addresses reflective practice in research and practice and takes the issue of consciousness of social class in vocational psychology as a working example. It is argued that the discipline's appreciation of social class can be advanced through application of the qualitative research method autoethnography. Excerpts from an…

  10. The Reintegration of Vocational Psychology and Counseling Psychology: Training Issues for a Paradigm Shift

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robitschek, Christine; DeBell, Camille

    2002-01-01

    In the past 20 years, there have been numerous calls for a reinvigoration of vocational psychology. Now, as vocational psychology has grown again within counseling psychology, the authors argue that what is needed is not a reinvigoration but rather a new paradigm that reintegrates vocational psychology and the rest of counseling psychology. The…

  11. The Evolution of Vocational Psychology: Questions for a Postmodern Applied Discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krieshok, Thomas S.; Motl, Thomas C.; Rutt, Benjamin T.

    2011-01-01

    Vocational psychology has a long history of acting as a lens that focuses research in basic sciences on the particular experience of work in people's lives. This article presents several areas on the ascendancy in the broader scientific literature and ask how vocational psychology might apply them to issues of work in people's lives. The authors'…

  12. The Evolution of Vocational Psychology: Questions for a Postmodern Applied Discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krieshok, Thomas S.; Motl, Thomas C.; Rutt, Benjamin T.

    2011-01-01

    Vocational psychology has a long history of acting as a lens that focuses research in basic sciences on the particular experience of work in people's lives. This article presents several areas on the ascendancy in the broader scientific literature and ask how vocational psychology might apply them to issues of work in people's lives. The authors'…

  13. Vocational behavior analysis in psychology students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Estrella LÓPEZ PÉREZ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The European Higher Education Area (EHEA is supporting gain relevance of vocational guidance into the frame of University Education. In order to a better planning of this guidance we need to know his contents evaluating student vocational interests of each center. The aim of the study is to analyze the indicators of Psychology students vocational behavior and his evolution and comparing those results with data of another students population. Methodology. The 329 psychology students participants from the University of Salamanca (248 in the second year and 81 in the fifth answered the questionnaire of university biodata (Rocabert, 2005. In all cases we took a significance level of ? = 0.05 carrying out samples comparison tests using U de Mann-Whitney techniques and contingency analysis. Results: The present study found significant differences between second and fifth psychology grade students and with general university population data collected by Rocabert, Descals and Gomez (2007. In general, psychology students begin their degrees with a high level interest and motivated; they are making decisions based on the academic specialty they want to work in. However, for last year students group (fith year students we detected a lower satisfaction in their studies, more difficulties in deciding what they want to do and a greater demand of information in order to choose the advisablest option for them. Conclusions. Despite the high motivation of psychology students, the nearer is his integration into the job market the higher is the need of guidance to help them to take decisions concerning specialization or the professional world.

  14. From Theory of Work Adjustment to Person-Environment Correspondence Counseling: Vocational Psychology as Positive Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggerth, Donald E.

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that vocational psychology is, and has been, positive psychology. It provides an overview of the theory of work adjustment (TWA), one of the most robust and best validated theories in vocational psychology. It also provides an introduction to person-environment-correspondence (PEC) counseling, an extension of the TWA concepts…

  15. An Emancipatory Communitarian Approach to Vocational Development Theory, Research, and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blustein, David L.; McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; Perry, Justin C.

    2005-01-01

    Building on recent calls for a more explicit and intentional endorsement of social justice goals within counseling psychology and vocational psychology, this article proposes Prilleltensky's (1997) emancipatory communitarian approach to psychological practice as a useful framework for vocational theory, practice, and research. Such a framework…

  16. Predictive Value and Psychological Meaning of Vocational Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    1975-01-01

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a one-year interval (N-624). (Author)

  17. Vocational identity and psychological adjustment: a study in French adolescents and emerging adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lannegrand-Willems, Lyda; Perchec, Cyrille; Marchal, Clotilde

    2016-02-01

    The aim of the present research was to study vocational identity in French adolescent and emerging adult students by using a French adaptation of the Vocational Identity Status Assessment (VISA), and to analyze the links between vocational identity formation and negative and positive psychological adjustment. Participants were 1077 French students who completed self-report scales about vocational identity, depression and satisfaction with life. The French version of the VISA showed good psychometric properties and six identity statuses were derived by means of cluster analysis: achievement, foreclosure, moratorium, searching moratorium, diffused diffusion and carefree diffusion. The main findings show that diffused diffusion and moratorium represent the dark sides of identity because of their negative psychological adjustment, and that the two processes of reconsideration of commitment were differently associated with psychological adjustment. These findings demonstrate that clinical interventions should be adapted to the individual's identity profile.

  18. The Research of Psychological Counseling in Class Management in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校班级管理的心理辅导研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶瑞莲; 郭亚林

    2012-01-01

    针对高职院校学生的心理问题日益突出,探讨了班主任在班级管理过程中,如何通过增加心理辅导元素,作为班级管理的创新,有助于班级管理的开展和同学的心理健康。%This paper,dealing with increasing psychological problems among vocational students,discusses the ways of introducing psychological counseling,as class management innovation,into class management,which contributes to the development of the class management and students' mental health.

  19. Research on Students’ Psychological Health Status in Vocational Colleges%高职院校大学生心理健康状况调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红燕; 陈蕾; 杜媛

    2012-01-01

    以兰州石化职业技术学院508名大学生为研究对象,以大学生人格问卷(UPI)为研究工具,调查研究大学生心理健康状况,为高职院校心理健康教育工作提供理论依据。结果表明:第一类有明显心理问题的学生占1.2%左右,第二类有一般心理问题的学生占4.33%,第三类无显著心理问题的学生占94.47%;女生的严重程度明显的高于男生,男生的人数多于女生;大学生心理问题主要表现为人际关系不良、情绪和意志问题、自信心缺乏、性生理心理问题,而不幸的家庭和过去、失眠和对事情的兴趣程度也是大学生心理问题的衡量指标。%To understand the mental health status of College Students,provide a theoretical basis for the mental health education in Higher Vocational Colleges。Method: In this study,508 students from Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology were chosen as the subject,Boy student 296 people,girl student 212 people.Results and Conclusion: The first class with obvious mental problems accounted for about 1.2% of the students,the second types of common psychological problems of the students accounted for 4.33%,,the third class is not psychological problems of students accounted for 94.47%.Girl student psychological problem severity was higher than that of male students,but the number of boys more than girls。College Students’psychological problems are bad interpersonal relationship,emotions and will,lack of confidence,physiological and psychological problems,and unhappy family and past,insomnia and about the level of interest is the measure index.of psychological problems of students.

  20. Research on Characteristic Features of Female Students'Psychological Crisis of Higher Vocational Colleges and Relief Strategies%高职院校女大学生心理危机特征及扶助策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易菲

    2015-01-01

    开展女大学生心理危机扶助策略研究,培养女大学生良好的心理素质、预防心理危机发生、减少突发事件造成的危害和损失,是当前高职院校心理健康教育工作的一项重要任务。本文对女大学生心理危机及其表现特征进行了分析,阐述了女大学生心理危机扶助意义,并在此基础上提出了女大学生心理危机扶助策略。%At present, it is an important task of mental health education of higher vocational schools to carry out the research of relief strategies of female students'psychological crisis, help them develop a good psychological quality and prevent psychological crisis, and reduce the damage and loss caused by emergencies.This thesis analy-zes the female students'psychological crisis and its performance characteristics, expounds the significance of female students'psychological crisis relief, and on this basis proposes the relief strategies of female students'psychological crisis.

  1. Integrating Health and Vocational Psychology: HIV and Employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werth, James L., Jr.; Borges, Nicole J.; McNally, Christopher J.; Maguire, Colleen P.; Britton, Paula J.

    2008-01-01

    This article introduces the Major Contribution on integrating health and vocational psychology, using persons with HIV who have work-related concerns as an example. The authors describe the demographics associated with HIV disease and new treatments that have allowed people with HIV to remain healthy and continue working, or consider returning to…

  2. Integrating Health and Vocational Psychology: HIV and Employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werth, James L., Jr.; Borges, Nicole J.; McNally, Christopher J.; Maguire, Colleen P.; Britton, Paula J.

    2008-01-01

    This article introduces the Major Contribution on integrating health and vocational psychology, using persons with HIV who have work-related concerns as an example. The authors describe the demographics associated with HIV disease and new treatments that have allowed people with HIV to remain healthy and continue working, or consider returning to…

  3. New Questions for Vocational Psychology: Premises, Paradigms, and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savickas, Mark L.

    2011-01-01

    The innovative responses of vocational psychology and career counseling to the important questions raised by people living in information societies will continue the disciplines' tradition of helping individuals link their lives to the economic context. The questions pertaining to perspectives, paradigms, and practices arise mainly from the…

  4. A Combined Social Action, Mixed Methods Approach to Vocational Guidance Efficacy Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Justin C.

    2009-01-01

    This article proposes a social action, mixed methods approach to verifying the efficacy of vocational guidance programs. Research strategies are discussed in the context of how the processes and purposes of efficacy research have been conceptualized and studied in vocational psychology. Examples of how to implement this approach in future efficacy…

  5. Vocational Psychology: Agency, Equity, and Well-Being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Steven D; Lent, Robert W

    2016-01-01

    The present review organizes the vocational psychology literature published between 2007 and 2014 into three overarching themes: Promoting (a) agency in career development, (b) equity in the work force, and (c) well-being in work and educational settings. Research on career adaptability, self-efficacy beliefs, and work volition is reviewed in the agency section, with the goal of delineating variables that promote or constrain the exercise of personal agency in academic and occupational pursuits. The equity theme covers research on social class and race/ethnicity in career development; entry and retention of women and people of color in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields; and the career service needs of survivors of domestic violence and of criminal offenders. The goal was to explore how greater equity in the work force could be promoted for these groups. In the well-being section, we review research on hedonic (work, educational, and life satisfaction) and eudaimonic (career calling, meaning, engagement, and commitment) variables, with the goal of understanding how well-being might be promoted at school and at work. Future research needs related to each theme are also discussed.

  6. Internet research in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosling, Samuel D; Mason, Winter

    2015-01-03

    Today the Internet plays a role in the lives of nearly 40% of the world's population, and it is becoming increasingly entwined in daily life. This growing presence is transforming psychological science in terms of the topics studied and the methods used. We provide an overview of the literature, considering three broad domains of research: translational (implementing traditional methods online; e.g., surveys), phenomenological (topics spawned or mediated by the Internet; e.g., cyberbullying), and novel (new ways to study existing topics; e.g., rumors). We discuss issues (e.g., sampling, ethics) that arise when doing research online and point to emerging opportunities (e.g., smartphone sensing). Psychological research on the Internet comes with new challenges, but the opportunities far outweigh the costs. By integrating the Internet, psychological research has the ability to reach large, diverse samples and collect data on actual behaviors, which will ultimately increase the impact of psychological research on society.

  7. Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civitci, Asim

    2010-01-01

    In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

  8. PSYCHOLOGICAL GUIDING OF STUDENTS’ INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORIES IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evald F. Zeer

    2015-01-01

    , the purpose of tutor guiding is maintenance of personal and professional development of trainees with due consideration of their individual psychological features and socially-professional specificity. Scientific novelty. The authors single out and summarize the methodological background necessity of psychological guiding process of the development and implementation of individually-oriented professional education. The semantic value of such guiding implementation developed by the authors performs structural and substantial model of the process. The requirement for the new methodology of vocational training based on network interaction of members of education is highlighted. The new network is considered as a platform technology of multidimensional professional of a specialist. Practical significance. The authors believe that the research findings will promote the approval of foresight technology through designing of individual educational trajectories; also the research implementations can be helpful for the tutors supervising process of professional development of trainees. 

  9. PSYCHOLOGICAL GUIDING OF STUDENTS’ INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORIES IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evald F. Zeer

    2015-05-01

    , the purpose of tutor guiding is maintenance of personal and professional development of trainees with due consideration of their individual psychological features and socially-professional specificity. Scientific novelty. The authors single out and summarize the methodological background necessity of psychological guiding process of the development and implementation of individually-oriented professional education. The semantic value of such guiding implementation developed by the authors performs structural and substantial model of the process. The requirement for the new methodology of vocational training based on network interaction of members of education is highlighted. The new network is considered as a platform technology of multidimensional professional of a specialist. Practical significance. The authors believe that the research findings will promote the approval of foresight technology through designing of individual educational trajectories; also the research implementations can be helpful for the tutors supervising process of professional development of trainees. 

  10. Ordinal Position Research Related to Vocational Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandy, Gerald L.

    1974-01-01

    Birth order studies directly related to vocational interest were reviewed to discern support for certain theoretical susumptions: firstborns are more directing, controlling, and organizing than later borns and later borns are more sociable, empathic, and sympathetic than firstborns. The research was inconsistent, contradictory, and speculative.…

  11. Children's Vocational Development: A Research Rationale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porfeli, Erik J.; Hartung, Paul J.; Vondracek, Fred W.

    2008-01-01

    Vocational development research and interventions have focused primarily on adolescents and young adults. The lack of attention to career development antecedents in children has led to a serious neglect of this period of life when the foundation is laid for career choices and outcomes in later life. A harmful by-product is the frequent preclusion…

  12. Research and Development Needs of Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V., Ed.

    Intended to provide information on applied research and development (R&D) priorities in vocational education and on the type of R&D required for each need, this report is divided into (1) an introduction to the problem and procedures, (2) a content analysis of selected documents, and (3) background papers for selected need areas. Chapter 1…

  13. Remembering Donald G. Paterson: Before the Separation between Industrial-Organizational and Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdheim, Jesse; Zickar, Michael J.; Yankelevich, Maya

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the disconnect between industrial-organizational (I-O) and vocational psychology in the context of Donald Paterson's career, an applied psychologist who bridged both disciplines. Paterson's interests in "both" vocational guidance and personnel selection suggest that these fields are interwoven, despite the prevailing gap…

  14. A neuroscience agenda for counseling psychology research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Oscar F; Perrone-McGovern, Kristin M

    2014-10-01

    Recent advances in the field of neuroscience have dramatically changed our understanding of brain-behavior relationships. In this article, we illustrate how neuroscience can provide a conceptual and methodological framework to understand our clients within a transdiagnostic developmental perspective. We provide directions for integrating neuroscience into future process and outcome research. We present examples on how neuroscience can be integrated into researching the effects of contextual counseling interventions. We posit that interpersonal and environmental factors, such as neurotoxic factors (e.g., emotional neglect, stress), positive neurodevelopmental factors (e.g., nurturing and caring, environmental enrichment), and therapeutic interventions influence psychological processes (executive control, behavioral flexibility, reinforcement learning and approach motivation, emotional expression and regulation, self-representation and theory of mind). These psychological processes influence brain networks (attention, motivational, emotional regulation, social cognition), which influence cognitive, social, emotional, identity, and vocational development.

  15. 高职院校学生人际交往中的心理问题策略研究%Research on the strategies of psychological problems in interpersonal communication in higher vocational colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向静芳

    2013-01-01

    当前高职院校的学生在人际交往方面存在着一定的障碍和心理困扰,影响了日常生活及其心理健康。本文就高职院校学生人际交往方面存在的问题、原因进行了分析,并提出了一系列相应的对策,希望能够为高职院校学生克服人际交往方面的心理困扰提供指导。%The current vocational college students have some obstacles and psychological distress in terms of interpersonal communication, affect the daily life and mental health. This paper analyzes in view of the problems, reasons in interpersonal aspects of students in higher vocational colleges, and put forward a series of countermeasures, hoping to provide guidance for vocational college students to overcome the psychological distress of interpersonal aspects.

  16. Recent Research on Labor Market Outcomes of Secondary Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Morgan V.

    This paper synthesizes the results of recent research on the labor market outcomes associated with participation in secondary vocational education. It is based on 10 studies conducted with national data and reported since passage of the 1976 amendments to the Vocational Education Act of 1963. Despite the problems of analyzing vocational outcomes…

  17. Changes in Research Productivity in Counseling Psychology: Revisiting Howard (1983) a Decade Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Edward A.; Howard, George S.

    1994-01-01

    Assessed institutional research productivity in counseling psychology by totaling credits for articles published from 1983 through 1992 in "Journal of Counseling Psychology,""Counseling Psychologist,""Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,""Journal of Vocational Behavior," and "Journal of Counseling and Development." Found that several…

  18. Evolutionary Psychology and Intelligence Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanazawa, Satoshi

    2010-01-01

    This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative…

  19. Higher vocational peer psychological counselors group counseling skills training strategy research%高职朋辈心理辅导员团体心理咨询技能培养的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高庆春; 李东

    2012-01-01

    the peer counseling in higher vocational colleges has become the psychological health education process indispensable important form. Strengthen the peer psychological counselor training and guidance, and explore, effective ways, improve its operation skills, exert the function of group psychological counseling, and has important significance.%朋辈心理辅导已成为高职院校心理健康教育过程中不可或缺的重要形式。加强朋辈心理辅导员的培训与指导,探索有效途径,提高其操作技能。发挥团体心理咨询的功能,具有重要意义。

  20. Research on Humanistic Care of Psychological Health Education in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校心理健康教育的人文关怀研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王天云

    2012-01-01

    At present,psychological health education in higher vocational colleges have the tendency of the technology principle,utilitarianism and the formalism,so we must pour into the element of "humanistic care" and give the students more humanistic care.In order to achieve the goal of the ultimate humanistic care fostering of psychological quality and comprehensive development,psychological health education in higher vocational colleges should focus on "life education","happy education" and "profession education".%目前高职院校心理健康教育存在技术主义、功利主义和形式主义的倾向,亟须注入"人文关怀"的时代元素,给予学生更多的人文关怀式的"底色"。为实现学生心理品质的养成和自由全面的发展这一终极人文关怀,高职院校的心理健康教育应着眼于"生命教育""幸福教育"和"职业生涯教育"的探讨。

  1. The Individual Differences Tradition in Counseling Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawis, Rene V.

    1992-01-01

    Traces historical development from individual differences psychology through psychological testing, vocational counseling, and student personnel work, to counseling psychology. Describes individual differences tradition in counseling psychology research and practice. Discusses how individual differences psychology has influenced counseling…

  2. Mathematical modeling in psychological researches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Zyolko

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The author considers the nature of mathematical modeling and its significance in psychological researches. The author distinguishes the types of mathematical models: deterministic, stochastic models and synergetic models. The system approach is proposed as an instrument of implementation of mathematical modelling in psychological research.

  3. On Conquering Psychological Obstacles of Oral English Study in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭辉

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to find better ways to conquer psychological obstacles in oral English learning for vocational college English learners.The approaches are based on the important fact that psychological obstacles have impeded the language learning seriously.This paper describes the status quo of oral English study in vocational colleges,presents the problems existing among college learners,and analyzes them to find subjective and objective reasons.Finally,the analysis of the survey results will help to conquer psychological obstacles of spoken English learning.

  4. 高职院校贫困生心理资本与就业能力的相关性研究%Research on the Correlation of Psychological Capital and Employability of the Impoverished Students of Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙娟

    2015-01-01

    高职院校贫困生的心理资本显著低于非贫困生,在专业、年级、是否担任过学生干部等变量上存在显著差异。同时其就业能力在年级和是否担任过学生干部这两个变量上也在显著差异。通过对高职院校贫困生心理资本和就业能力进行相关分析和回归分析发现,贫困生的心理资本与其就业能力存在显著相关,且心理资本的自我效能感、乐观、希望和坚韧性4个维度均对其就业能力具有预测作用,有利于指导我们有针对性的开展教育活动来提升贫困生的就业能力。%The psychological capital of impoverished students in higher vocational colleges is significantly lower than that of non-impoverished students, and there is significant difference in major, grade and whether they have served as student leaders. Their employability has significant difference in grade and whether they have served as student leaders. Correlation analysis and regression analysis of the psychological capital and employability of the impoverished students in higher vocational colleges finds that the psychological capital of the impoverished students is significantly correlated to the employability, and the four dimensionalities of psychological capital (self-efficacy, optimism, hope, and resilience) have predictive effect for their employability, which can guide the education activity to improve the employability of the impoverished students.

  5. 微课在高职生心理健康教育教学中的应用研究%Application Research for Micro-lecture in Psychological Health Education of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉洁

    2015-01-01

    From the perspective of the course construction of the mental health education, the paper was reviewed the definition and application status of micro -lecture in psychological health education, and was explained the important meaning of higher vocational colleges students' mental health education which using micro -lecture. Furthermore, we offer the proposals based on the following three dimensions: building resource pool of micro -video, establishing the classroom teaching model of micro -mental health education and enacting the model of teaching evaluation respectively, in order to promote the development of micro-lecture educational reform of higher vocational college students' mental health.%基于高职心理健康课程建设的研究视角, 综述了微课教学及其在心理健康教育中的应用现状, 并对微课引入高职生心理健康教育的意义进行了阐述. 此外, 分别从构建"微视频" 资源库、 建立心理健康微课课堂教学模式和制定教学评价模式三个角度提出具体建议, 以期推动高职生心理健康微课教学改革的发展.

  6. Teaching Experimental Research of the Sport Education Patter Influencing Students Psychological Health in Vocational College%运动教育模式对高职学生心理健康影响的教学实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国锋

    2012-01-01

    结合高职院校的篮球课教学,通过教学实验研究了运动教育模式对高职学生心理健康的影响,结果表明:实验班实验后与实验前心理健康的总均分及躯体、人际关系、抑郁、焦虑、敌对因子有显著性差异.实验班学生实验后与实验前相比,应付解决问题的方式及自责、求助因子得到显著改善,学生状态焦虑显著降低,自我效能感显著提高.运动模式的实施对高职学生心理健康水平的提高有一定的促进作用.%Combing basketball teaching in vocational college, the sport education patter influencing students phychological health was studied by teaching experiment. Results showed.before experiment and affer,the students of experimental class had significant differences in the general value of psychological health, body and treating interpersonal relation, depression, anxiety and hostility factors had also significant differences. Affer experiment, students" coping ability of solving problems, factors of one- self blaming and recourse were raised, state anxiety were decreased significantly, and self-efficacy were increased. It indicated that sports education patter can enehance level of students psychological health in higher vocational colleges.

  7. John L. Holland's Contributions to Vocational Psychology: A Review and Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottfredson, Gary D.

    1999-01-01

    Holland pioneered the theory of vocational personality and work environments, revolutionizing delivery of career assistance. His research has been central to development of knowledge about nonacademic accomplishments. He has influenced both researchers and psychologists. (163 references) (SK)

  8. Scientific research projects in vocational training schools

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Vocational schools are a resource for many students, with usually low motivation and high learning difficulties. The fact that this type of teaching is of a more practical, experimental, and job oriented type, points to teaching strategies less theoretical and focus on a more practical student involvement. Profiting from those characteristics, the study of the use of scientific projects on vocational teaching was initiated. It was proposed to vocational school st...

  9. Psychological Separation, Attachment Security, Vocational Self-Concept Crystallization, and Career Indecision: A Structural Equation Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokar, David M.; Withrow, Jason R.; Hall, Rosalie J.; Moradi, Bonnie

    2003-01-01

    Structural equation modeling was used to test theoretically based models in which psychological separation and attachment security variables were related to career indecision and those relations were mediated through vocational self-concept crystallization. Results indicated that some components of separation and attachment security did relate to…

  10. Rightsizing the Workforce: Changing Roles of Vocational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bingham, Rosie Phillips

    2011-01-01

    This article briefly defines rightsizing the workforce and discusses the rightsizing dilemma in relation to the current economic downturn in the United States, its disparate effects on citizens, and implications for potential shifting roles for vocational psychologists. Next, the discussion will highlight disenfranchised or marginalized groups…

  11. Content Analysis of Research in the "Journal of Counseling Psychology" (1973-1998).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buboltz, Walter C., Jr.; Miller, Matthew; Williams, David J.

    1999-01-01

    Reports on a content analysis of the research published in the "Journal of Counseling Psychology" (JCP) for a 26-year period (1973-1998). Principal areas of research activity and publication in the JCP were process only, process and outcome, vocational behavior research, and the development and evaluation of tests and measures. Reveals…

  12. Association of Sexual Intercourse with Psychological Suppression and Copying Modes for Vocational School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li WANG; Xiao-jin WANG; Xiao-wen TU; Chao-hua LOU; Er-sheng GAO

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the association of sex behavior with sexual related psychological suppression and coping modes among students in three vocational schools in Shanghai.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1368 grade one students from three vocational schools in a district of Shanghai,with Computer Assisted Self-Interview(CASI).The field work began in the April,2003 for a baseline survey,and completed in the December,2003.Data on students'sexual intercourse,sexual related psychological suppression and psychological coping modes,and communication with parents were collected and analyzed.Binary logistic regression was used to adjust the potential confounding factors.Results After controlling for demographic factors,adolescents with middle or high scores of active psychological coping strategies on sexual related events were less likely to have sexual intercourse(ORadj=0.48,95% CI=0.30-0.77 and ORadj=0.49,95%CI=0.30-0.83,respectively),while association between psychological suppression on sex related events and sexual intercourse was not statistically significant(ORadj=0.93,95%CI=0.63-1.37);sexual related psychological suppression and active coping modes were positively associated with adolescents'communicating with parents for 2-7 h/week about school things.but negatively associated with parents'open attitudes towards heterosexual contacts and talking sex related things with others.Conclusion Vocational school students with active psychological coping strategies on sexual related events were less likely to engage in sexual intercourse,so interventions focus on reducing unprotected sexual behaviors should target on psychological coping modes skills training.

  13. Market Research Manual for Providers of Vocational Education and Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamblyn, Annette; Shelton, Diane

    This manual, which is intended for vocational education and training (VET) providers, does the following: explains fundamental market research concepts; highlights situations where market research can help VET providers with their planning and policy development; and illustrates the uses of market research in VET institutions. The following topics…

  14. The Status of Racial/Ethnic Research in Counseling Psychology: Committed or Complacent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Robert T.; Akinsulure-Smith, Adeyinka M.; Smailes, Elizabeth M.; Clauss, Caroline S.

    1998-01-01

    Analyzed the content of racial and ethnic issues in three journals ("Journal of Counseling Psychology,""Journal of Vocational Behavior," and "Journal of Counseling and Development") along specific areas for their levels of commitment versus complacency, study frame, method, analysis, and discussion. Preliminary results indicate that research in…

  15. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem TAGAY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996 and adapted by Karaırmak (2007, the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale developed by Morris Rosenberg (1965. The study made use of the standard multiple regression analysis in order to prove the power of the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem to predict psychological levels of resilience of vocational school students. The data were tested on a 0.05 level of significance. This study shows that the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem positively co- relates with the personal strengths of pulling oneself together. The positive self-assessment predicts self- esteem positively and significantly as well. A positive sense of an individual’s about oneself positively co- relates with high self-esteem.

  16. The Research on Psychological Characteristics for Vocational College Students Born in the Years between 1989 and 2000%“90后”高职大学生心理特点的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓彦

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a surveyof 1 738 vocational college students in Sichuan Province.Through the analysis and research of the data, the author has obtained an understanding in depth of the uniqueness in family education, characteristics, pressure reaction model, study psycology and value for students born in the years between 1989 and 2000.%对四川省11所高职院校1738名学生进行了问卷调查,发现“90后”高职大学生人格特质总体上处中等水平;在压力应对方式上表现出能理智地分析问题和乐观地面对问题,能寻求其他帮助解决问题;在学习心理方面,表现出学习兴趣和动机较为缺乏,学习习惯较差;在价值观方面,表现出重个人利益和个人发展,重个人感受和个人享乐的现象。

  17. RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PANORAMA OF MODERNIZATION OF TRAINING TEACHERS OF CONTINUOUS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M. Dorozhkin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Nowadays, there is no evidence-based strategy of upgrade of system of preparation of pedagogical personnel for continuous professional education in the Russian Federation. At the same time, scientists recognize that smoothly running regular high-quality replenishment of education by the skilled heads and teachers having fundamental psychology and pedagogical knowledge and being specialists in one of economic industries has crucial importance for successful development of post-industrial society. Hence, the need for creation of multichannel system of professional and pedagogical preparation has emerged.The aim of the present publication is to provide the complex overview of problems of reforming of professional pedagogical education and to show possible ways of their decision.Methods. The methodological basis of the study involves the concept of professional development of an individual; the thesis on the integration of the system-based, process and project approaches; the principles for the development of professional pedagogical education. Panoramic approach to the discussed problems of modernization of professional and pedagogical school has defined the logic of our research.Results. Psychological and pedagogical problems of professional education are analysed. Multidimensional metaprofessional qualities of teachers of vocational school are considered. The conceptual model of vocational structure of preparation of pedagogical personnel is developed for the system of continuous professional education.The debatable aspect of the research is reflected in the project of a psychological and pedagogical platform – the autonomous modular educational program including massive open online courses, management systems of educational process, supports of innovative infrastructure of education, humanitarian technologies of high education.Practical significance. The vocational structure of training of teachers of vocational

  18. The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

    2012-01-01

    The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the use of…

  19. A Research on Foreign Language Anxiety among Vocational School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓莉

    2014-01-01

    Foreign language anxiety is a negative emotion of fear or apprehension occurring in the specific situation of foreign language learning influencing language learning. The author made a research among vocational school students to investigate the level and sources of foreign language anxiety.

  20. The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

    2012-01-01

    The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the…

  1. Vocational Trajectories within the Australian Labour Market. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Serena; Bretherton, Tanya; Schutz, Hanna

    2012-01-01

    This is a report of the first year of a three-year project entitled "Vocations: the link between post-compulsory education and the labour market." The project's aim is to research how pathways can be improved within education, within work, and between education and work. There are three strands in the project; the first strand is…

  2. The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

    2012-01-01

    The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the…

  3. 积极心理学下的高职学生人格修复问题研究%Research on Personality Repair of Higher Vocational Students Based on Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施霞吉

    2014-01-01

    针对当前高职学生面临的人格问题诸多的不良表现,并提出了若干修复措施,为完善高职学生人格培养机制提供了一个全新的视角,也为高职人才核心竞争力的提升提供了一条新思路。%In view of the personality problems currently faced by vocational students, several repair measures were proposed, which has totally provided a new perspective for improving the personality cultivation mechanism of higher vocational students, as well as a new idea for improving the core competitiveness of higher vocational talents.

  4. 34 CFR 411.1 - What is the Vocational Education Research Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the world economy by developing more fully the academic and occupational skills of all segments of the... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Vocational Education Research Program? 411...) OFFICE OF VOCATIONAL AND ADULT EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION VOCATIONAL EDUCATION RESEARCH...

  5. Comparative qualitative research in Cultural Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demuth, Carolin; Fatigante, Marilena

    2012-01-01

    The present paper aims to provide an approach that allows to study the interplay of culture and psychological human functioning in comparative study designs. Starting out with a brief overview of how qualitative, cultural, and comparative research is addressed in the field of psychology we...... will take a Cultural Psychology approach to suggest that the unit of analysis for comparative research needs to be situated social interaction. We will then suggest an integrative approach that allows us to study social interaction both on a micro- and on a macro-level by combining discourse analysis...... some criteria of validity that particularly apply to the field of comparative research in Cultural Psychology....

  6. New Directions in Qualitative Research in Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demuth, Carolin

    2015-01-01

    Qualitative Research gains increasing popularity in the field of Psychology. With the renewed interest, there are, however, also some risks related to the overhomogenization and increasing standardization of qualitative methods. This special issue is dedicated to clarify some of the existing...... misconceptions of qualitative research and to discuss its potentials for the field of psychology in light of recent endeavors to overcome paradigmatic battles and a re-orientation to the specifities of psychology. The issue comprises a discussion from workshop on the future of qualitative research in psychology...

  7. New directions in qualitative research in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demuth, Carolin

    2015-06-01

    Qualitative Research gains increasing popularity in the field of Psychology. With the renewed interest, there are, however, also some risks related to the overhomogenization and increasing standardization of qualitative methods. This special issue is dedicated to clarify some of the existing misconceptions of qualitative research and to discuss its potentials for the field of psychology in light of recent endeavors to overcome paradigmatic battles and a re-orientation to the specifities of psychology. The issue comprises a discussion from workshop on the future of qualitative research in psychology organized at Aalborg University, and several contributions that resulted from it.

  8. Qualitative Research in Counseling Psychology: Conceptual Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Susan L.

    2007-01-01

    Beginning with calls for methodological diversity in counseling psychology, this article addresses the history and current state of qualitative research in counseling psychology. It identifies the historical and disciplinary origins as well as basic assumptions and underpinnings of qualitative research in general, as well as within counseling…

  9. Qualitative Research in Counseling Psychology: Conceptual Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Susan L.

    2007-01-01

    Beginning with calls for methodological diversity in counseling psychology, this article addresses the history and current state of qualitative research in counseling psychology. It identifies the historical and disciplinary origins as well as basic assumptions and underpinnings of qualitative research in general, as well as within counseling…

  10. 积极心理健康教育在高职院校第二课堂中的探索与实践%Research and Practice on Second Classroom of Positive Psychological Health Education of the Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘江; 周桂霞

    2014-01-01

    作为为社会输送高素质技能型人才的高职院校,如何培养出专业素养高,心理素质过硬的合格人才,是摆在职业教育工作者面前需要探索的课题。学校第二课堂是积极心理健康教育的主要阵地之一,如何在高职院校第二课堂中开展好积极心理健康教育显得尤为重要。%As the vocational colleges to cultivate high -qualified skilled personnel for the society , how to cultivate high professionalism ,excellent psychological qualified personnel ,is the task faced by vocational educators that need to be explored .The second classroom is one of the main positions of posi‐tive psychological health education ,how to carry out the positive psychological health education on sec‐ond classroom vocational colleges is very important .

  11. Student-Centred and Teacher-Centred Learning Environment in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Psychological Needs, and Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smit, Karin; de Brabander, Cornelis J.; Martens, Rob L.

    2014-01-01

    In this study the perception of psychological needs and motivation in a student-centred and a teacher-centred learning environment are compared, using Self Determination Theory as a framework. The self-report Intrinsic Motivation Inventory was completed by 230 students (mean age 16.1 years) in pre-vocational secondary education. School records on…

  12. Student-Centred and Teacher-Centred Learning Environment in Pre-Vocational Secondary Education: Psychological Needs, and Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smit, Karin; de Brabander, Cornelis J.; Martens, Rob L.

    2014-01-01

    In this study the perception of psychological needs and motivation in a student-centred and a teacher-centred learning environment are compared, using Self Determination Theory as a framework. The self-report Intrinsic Motivation Inventory was completed by 230 students (mean age 16.1 years) in pre-vocational secondary education. School records on…

  13. Psychological Stress of the Freshmen in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职新生心理应激特征的调查研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宗阳; 李韬

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查高职新生心理应激特征,为开展大学生心理干预提供理论帮助。方法:采用中国大学生心理应激量表(CCSPSS)对1800名高职新生的心理应激特征进行调查。结果:①高职新生心理应激量普遍高于全国常模大学生;②男生在量表各维度上的得分均显著高于女生;③独生子女在量表各维度上的心得分有高于非独生子女的倾向;④农村生源在发展分量表上的得分显著低于其他生源地学生的得分;⑤高职新生心理应激量在民族和专业上差异不显著。结论:高职新生心理应激受性别、生源地、独生子女与否等因素影响。%The objective of this research is to investigate the characteristics of the Higher Vocational fresh-men's psychological stress and provide theoretical help for carrying out psychological intervention.Using China College Student Psychological Stress Scale (CCSPSS)questionnaire,a survey was conducted among 1800 freshmen in Higher Vocational Colleges.The results are as follows:First,The Higher Vocational Colleges freshmen's psychological stress is generally higher than the National Norm College students.Second,on the score of the scale,the boys are significantly higher than the girls.Third,only children are prone to higher than children with siblings.Fourth,in the development of subscales,the score of the rural students are signif-icantly lower than other students.Fifth,the national differences and the disciplinary differences on psychologi-cal stress do not exist.Our conclusion is that the Higher Vocational freshmen's psychological stress is affected by factors such as gender,region,and whether they are only children or not.

  14. Vocational Interests and Performance: A Quantitative Summary of Over 60 Years of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nye, Christopher D; Su, Rong; Rounds, James; Drasgow, Fritz

    2012-07-01

    Despite early claims that vocational interests could be used to distinguish successful workers and superior students from their peers, interest measures are generally ignored in the employee selection literature. Nevertheless, theoretical descriptions of vocational interests from vocational and educational psychology have proposed that interest constructs should be related to performance and persistence in work and academic settings. Moreover, on the basis of Holland's (1959, 1997) theoretical predictions, congruence indices, which quantify the degree of similarity or person-environment fit between individuals and their occupations, should be more strongly related to performance than interest scores alone. Using a comprehensive review of the interest literature that spans more than 60 years of research, a meta-analysis was conducted to examine the veracity of these claims. A literature search identified 60 studies and approximately 568 correlations that addressed the relationship between interests and performance. Results showed that interests are indeed related to performance and persistence in work and academic contexts. In addition, the correlations between congruence indices and performance were stronger than for interest scores alone. Thus, consistent with interest theory, the fit between individuals and their environment was more predictive of performance than interest alone.

  15. Psychology and Critical Methodologies for Educational Research

    OpenAIRE

    Carrasco-Aguilar, Claudia Lorena; Baltar-de Andrade, María Julia

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: This thought piece analyzes the role of psychology in the methodology of socio-critical research in education. Methodology: Articles published in 2010 and 2007 are analyzed, linking psychology to education; a theoretical analysis is also made of the main academic exponents of the concepts of emancipation, resistance and sensitization, seeking to establish research methodologies based on critical theory. Result: A proposal is put forward based on critical research methodologies i...

  16. Psychology and Health: Research, Practice, and Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Norine G.

    2003-01-01

    Since World War II, American psychology's role in health care has significantly expanded. This was formally recognized in 2001 when the membership of the American Psychological Association (APA) approved a bylaw change in its mission statement to include the word health. An accumulating body of research demonstrates and recent reviews conclude…

  17. Correspondence Analysis applied to psychological research

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Doey; Jessica Kurta

    2011-01-01

    Correspondence analysis is an exploratory data technique used to analyze categorical data (Benzecri, 1992). It is used in many areas such as marketing and ecology. Correspondence analysis has been used less often in psychological research, although it can be suitably applied. This article discusses the benefits of using correspondence analysis in psychological research and provides a tutorial on how to perform correspondence analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).

  18. Correspondence Analysis applied to psychological research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Doey

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Correspondence analysis is an exploratory data technique used to analyze categorical data (Benzecri, 1992. It is used in many areas such as marketing and ecology. Correspondence analysis has been used less often in psychological research, although it can be suitably applied. This article discusses the benefits of using correspondence analysis in psychological research and provides a tutorial on how to perform correspondence analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS.

  19. Construct Validation in Counseling Psychology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyt, William T.; Warbasse, Rosalia E.; Chu, Erica Y.

    2006-01-01

    Counseling psychology researchers devote little attention to theory-based measurement validation, as evidenced by cursory mention of validity issues in the method and discussion sections of published research reports. Especially, many researchers appear unaware of the limitations of correlations between pairs of self-report measures as evidence of…

  20. Survey on Psychological Adaptation of Higher Vocational New Students%高职新生心理健康影响因素的统计分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙克波

    2015-01-01

    In order to investigate psychological adaptation situation of higher vocational new students and the influential factors, and to provide suitable psychological adjustment to the freshmen, 617 higher vocational freshmen of Anhui Vocational Institute of Industry and Economy were surveyed by using the questionnaire designed the researcher and Symptom check list-90 (SCL-90). The result showed that the factor scores of SCL-90 obtained by the higher vocational freshmen were higher than those of domestic ordinary people. There was a significant difference between them. Moreover, there were also significant differences in terms of the factor score by gender, major, one child, class leaders, poverty, and left-behind children.%为了解高职新生心理健康状况及其影响因素,更好地对新生的入学适应心理进行护理,采用自行设计的一般资料调查表和心理健康自评量表(SCL-90)对安徽工业经济职业技术学院 617 例新生进行调查,研究其心理健康水平及影响因素.结果显示:高职新生 SCL-90因子得分均高于国内正常人的水平,并且均具有显著性差异,在性别、专业、是否独生子女、是否班干部、是否贫困、是否有留守经历等方面差异显著.

  1. Good science, bad science: Questioning research practices in psychological research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, M.

    2014-01-01

    In this dissertation we have questioned the current research practices in psychological science and thereby contributed to the current discussion about the credibility of psychological research. We specially focused on the problems with the reporting of statistical results and showed that reporting

  2. Research and Practice of Agricultural Vocational Colleges in Serving Entrepreneurial Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; LIU; Lijun; DING; Zhi; WU

    2013-01-01

    As the vocational colleges shoulder the responsibilities of personnel training, scientific research and the social services, the agricultural vocational colleges, undertake the responsibilities of supporting "three agriculture" and speeding up the new countryside construction. Therefore, agricultural vocational colleges shall take the responsibility of providing the employment training to returned migrant workers is the obligation of agricultural vocational colleges and they are bound to be the camp for providing entrepreneurship training to returned farmers. Relying on its own characteristics and research strengths, the Jiangsu Animal Husbandry & Veterinary College has conducted rewarding research and practices on carrying out entrepreneurship training for farmers.

  3. Research topics in Social Psychology in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio V. Torres

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available How is the portrait of the Brazilian scientific production in Social Psychology of the past few years? This study aims to address especifically this question, by visiting the articles published by Brazilian scholars since 1980, all of whom have been recognized and sponsored by the Brazilian National Council on Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq. Production from 80 Brazilian researchers was analysed, based on phenomena traditionally studied by Social Psychologists (e.g., Social Influence, which served as a priori categories. Articles that reflect studies developed in 5 geopolitical regions of the country, but data showed regions South and Southeast with the highest concentration in terms of academic production. Such finding is discussed in terms of the influence of an individualist culture on Brazilian research. Observing the main Social Psychology topics studied by Brazilians, it was noticed a centrality of the "Psychological" approach to Social Psychology, mainly originated in English-speaking countries.

  4. Mixed Methods Research Designs in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, William E.; Creswell, John W.; Clark, Vicki L. Plano; Petska, Kelly S.; Creswell, David J.

    2005-01-01

    With the increased popularity of qualitative research, researchers in counseling psychology are expanding their methodologies to include mixed methods designs. These designs involve the collection, analysis, and integration of quantitative and qualitative data in a single or multiphase study. This article presents an overview of mixed methods…

  5. Mixed Methods Research Designs in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, William E.; Creswell, John W.; Clark, Vicki L. Plano; Petska, Kelly S.; Creswell, David J.

    2005-01-01

    With the increased popularity of qualitative research, researchers in counseling psychology are expanding their methodologies to include mixed methods designs. These designs involve the collection, analysis, and integration of quantitative and qualitative data in a single or multiphase study. This article presents an overview of mixed methods…

  6. 高职类院校贫困生与非贫困生心理位差实证研究%Empirical Research on Psychological Status Difference between Needy and Non-impoverished Students in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕鹤霞

    2016-01-01

    基于对H高职院校大一至大三年级280名贫困生与非贫困生对照组分层抽样调查显示,从在校消费对比来看,家庭经济原因导致贫困生与非贫困生生活质量存在很大差距;从心理健康对比来看,贫困生比非贫困生更敏感多疑、情绪波动大、自我肯定度低;从人际交往来看,贫困生比非贫困生更渴望通过良好的人际关系提高自信;从心理压力对比来看,在就业方面,贫困生比非贫困生担忧更多、态度更为消极。贫困生补充调查显示,绝大多数贫困生心理比较健康。基于此,应从经济扶贫和心理扶助两方面入手解决贫困生“心理贫困”。%According to the stratified sampling survey of 280 students from freshman to junior students, there is a big gap based on the family economic reasons lead to the difference quality of life between the needy and non-impoverished college students from the point of consumption contrast; the needy college students are more sensitive, suspicious and low self-esteem than the non-impoverished students from the point of psychological heath condition contrast; the needy college students are more eager to improve self-confidence by a good interpersonal relationship than the non-impoverished students from the point of interpersonal communication contrast; the needy college students are more worrying and more negative than the non-impoverished students from the point of great psychological pressure contrast in looking for jobs. The vast majority of the needy college students have mental health according to the added survey. Based on this, we must solve the “psychological poverty” problem of the needy college students from the two aspects of economic poverty alleviation and psychological counseling.

  7. 基于积极心理学理论的职业教育课程观%On the Outlook on Curriculum for Vocational Education Based on the Theory of Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓花

    2013-01-01

    Positive psychology puts the positive psychological quality as the research object, and pays more attention to the study of individual positive psychology, and has a profound effect to the traditional curriculum theory, and it also provides a new theoretical basis for the modern vocational education curriculum, thus the formation of vocational education curriculum reform should focus on students' psychological characteristics. The au-thor tries to explore the vocational education curriculum from the positive psychology theory.%积极心理学把积极的心理品质作为研究对象,重视对个体积极心理的研究,对于传统的课程理论产生了深刻的影响,为现代职业教育课程观的形成提供了新的理论基础,职业教育课程改革要关注学生的心理特点。笔者力图从积极心理学理论出发,探讨职业教育的课程观。

  8. Construction of Vocational College Students' Psychological Crisis Warning Mechanism%高职大学生心理危机预警机制建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李自璋

    2014-01-01

    Research and construction psychological crisis early warning mechanism for crisis prevention and intervention psychological vocational college events with positive and practical significance. Its early warning mechanisms including or-ganizational mechanisms, management mechanisms, monitoring mechanisms, support mechanisms, and so on.%高职大学生心理危机预警机制的研究和建设,对于预防和干预高职院校心理危机事件具有积极的现实意义。其预警机制主要包括组织机制、管理机制、监控机制、支持机制等等。

  9. Future Issues for Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research on Parenting

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2007-01-01

    The present article reviews historical characteristics of cross-cultural psychology and cultural psychology, and then reviews cross-cultural psychology parenting research on gender-roles in parenting and parenting style...

  10. DELPHI TECHNIQUE: ENHANCING RESEARCH IN TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irdayanti Mat Nashir

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Empirical studies conducted within the Technical and Vocational Education (TVE discipline in Malaysia tends to give greater emphasis to quantitative data collection techniques. Aware of the potential usefulness of combination of techniques, this paper discusses the application of the Delphi technique where qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques are used to reach useful results. The Delphi technique provides the opportunity for researchers to gather input from participants without requiring them to work face-to-face. Often, the process is used to find consensus among experts who have differing views and perspectives. The Delphi technique enables group problem-solving using an iterative process of problem definition, discussion, feedback, and revisions.This paper discusses the basics of the Delphi techniques, its application potential, the selection of expert panels and the means on how consensus can be reached among the participants using examples from our past research using the technique.

  11. Phenomenological Research Methods for Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wertz, Frederick J.

    2005-01-01

    This article familiarizes counseling psychologists with qualitative research methods in psychology developed in the tradition of European phenomenology. A brief history includes some of Edmund Husserl's basic methods and concepts, the adoption of existential-phenomenology among psychologists, and the development and formalization of qualitative…

  12. Researching Race within Educational Psychology Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.; Schutz, Paul A.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we question why race as a sociohistorical construct has not traditionally been investigated in educational psychology research. To do so, we provide a historical discussion of the significance of race as well as present current dilemmas in the exploration of race, including an examination of the incidence and prevalence of…

  13. Phenomenological Research Methods for Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wertz, Frederick J.

    2005-01-01

    This article familiarizes counseling psychologists with qualitative research methods in psychology developed in the tradition of European phenomenology. A brief history includes some of Edmund Husserl's basic methods and concepts, the adoption of existential-phenomenology among psychologists, and the development and formalization of qualitative…

  14. Researching Race within Educational Psychology Contexts

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCuir-Gunby, Jessica T.; Schutz, Paul A.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we question why race as a sociohistorical construct has not traditionally been investigated in educational psychology research. To do so, we provide a historical discussion of the significance of race as well as present current dilemmas in the exploration of race, including an examination of the incidence and prevalence of…

  15. The Influence of Vocational Interest Inventories: Some Implications for Psychological Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.

    The impact of psychological testing on the public is explored. Topics discussed include a review of the controversy over interest inventories, what has been learned from the research and from the political activity that was enacted relative to employment/admission testing, and some ideas for increasing the ability to cope more readily with current…

  16. The Impact of Vocational Education Research and Development: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, Samuel Clifton

    Literature on vocational education research and development (R&D) was reviewed to determine the distribution, utilization, and impact of R&D information and products. The literature indicated both slightly and strongly negative findings on the dissemination of vocational education R&D products. Many of the studies described strategies for product…

  17. Adult Education and Vocational Education: Implications for Research on Distance Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClelland, Jerry; Saeed, Fouzia

    The literature on adult, vocational, and distance education was reviewed to identify areas needing research in order to guide decisions on the use of distance delivery in adult vocational education in Minnesota. Literature on participation in and barriers to participation in adult education was reviewed as was literature on the clientele served by…

  18. The Impact of Vocational Education Research and Development: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricketts, Samuel Clifton

    Literature on vocational education research and development (R&D) was reviewed to determine the distribution, utilization, and impact of R&D information and products. The literature indicated both slightly and strongly negative findings on the dissemination of vocational education R&D products. Many of the studies described strategies…

  19. Water demand management research: A psychological perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Sally; Fielding, Kelly

    2010-05-01

    The availability of fresh water for human consumption is a critical global issue and one that will be exacerbated by the impacts of climate change. Water demand management has an important role to play in reducing the vulnerability of freshwater supplies to climate change impacts. In this paper, we argue that the field of psychology and environmental psychology in particular can make a vital contribution in understanding further the drivers of residential water demand. A growing body of literature in environmental psychology has examined the determinants of water conservation behavior, and this research has many potential applications for water demand policy. In this paper we offer a review of current psychological research that examines the five broad causes of residential water conservation behaviors: attitudes, beliefs, habits or routines, personal capabilities, and contextual factors. We assess how psychologists have studied water conservation behavior to date, identify shortcomings, and indicate how this research can be used to further promote residential water conservation and to inform evidence-based policy and practice.

  20. Social Psychology: research methods and techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Emanoel Pereira

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to identify the research methods adopted by researchers in the field of Social Psychology, differentiating them by considerations derived from the four epistemic dimensions. Our starting point was a study conducted to identify the theoretical references and research methods used by educators and researchers in the field of social psychology. The results presented here refer to data, obtained in the years 2011 and 2012, relating to 545 social psychologists and professors of social psychology, of which 157 responded in Portuguese and 388 in Spanish. The average age of participants was 41.5 years (standard deviation = 11.4; minimum = 21 years; maximum = 78, being 54% female and 43% male. The participants originated from 19 countries, with Spain (158, Brazil (149, Mexico (64, and Argentina (45 the most frequent. Based on the results, we sought to classify and subsequently to estimate the frequency of use of the methods, considering them based on the distribution of the researchers from two geographic regions, Latin America and the Iberian Peninsula. Since geographical distribution did not provide a consistent criterion for differentiating between methods, we tried to understand the differences by considering ultimately the theoretical approach embraced by the researcher.

  1. Research and Practice of“Vocational Class”Teaching Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing Linlin; Jia Zhuli

    2015-01-01

    Vocational class” teaching mode is based on vocational ability training of students as the goal to develop target-oriented approach of the teaching reform method; it is a new teaching method.This mode is the integration of teaching,learning and doing in class; it is the typical vocational tasks mode of teaching methods.Teaching process imitates the office scene and the actual workingprocess.

  2. Research and Practice of “Vocational Class” Teaching Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢琳琳; 贾柱立

    2015-01-01

    "Vocational class" teaching mode is based on vocational ability training of students as the goal to develop target-oriented approach of the teaching reform method; it is a new teaching method.This mode is the integration of teaching,learning and doing in class; it is the typical vocational tasks mode of teaching methods.Teaching process imitates the office scene and the actual working process.

  3. Research on effective teaching methods of higher vocational English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺小飞

    2016-01-01

    With the rapid development of our country's education, the progress of English teaching in higher vocational colleges is gradually developed. Effective teaching become an important teaching concept and goal of all school courses. This article, analyzes the present situation of English teaching in higher vocational colleges, and points out that the shortcomings in the process of higher vocational English(HVE) teaching. Finally, attempt to explore some effective strategies to improve the quality of HVE teaching.

  4. esearch on the Development of Employment and Entrepreneurship Psychological Quality of Vocational College Students%高职院校学生就业创业心理素质养成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建奎; 王美婷

    2012-01-01

    高职院校毕业生的就业创业心理健康与否,会影响其对行业和岗位的选择,影响其对就业竞争的适应性和克服就业困难的承受能力,也会影响其对就业创业的信心等。本文从实际调查出发,研究了高职院校学生的心理素质现状,就业创业对学生心理素质的要求,在此基础上提出了高职院校对学生就业创业良好心理素质养成的策略。%Psychological health of vocational college graduates will influence the selection of industries and jobs, their employment adaptability to competition and capacity to overcome employment difficulties as well as their confidence in the employment. The article from actual survey, researches on the present situation of student's psychological quality in vocational colleges and business requirements for students' psychological quality of employment. On the basis mentioned, this paper proposes strategies to develop vocational college students' good employment psychological quality.

  5. Drug use among adolescents within vocational schools: health promotion, social relations and institutional organization. Abstract. 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Island of Spetses, Greece. 29 August – 1 September 2012 (p. 60)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingholt, Liselotte; Sørensen, Betina Bang; Axel, Erik

    . Results: Learning in vocational education is part of how young people develop and coordinate their trajectory of everyday social life. Additionally drug use may become important in the process of forming peer relations. For some students, the focus is drifting from vocational to social interactions......Druguse among Adolescents within Vocational Schools: Health Promotion, Social Relations and Institutional Organization. L. Ingholt1, B.B. Sørensen1, E. Axel2, V.A. Frank3 1 National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2 The Department of Psychology...... and Educational Studies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark. 3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences – Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Objectives: The paper explores the significance of drug use and peer relations for students’ participation in vocational...

  6. Drug use among adolescents within vocational schools: health promotion, social relations and institutional organization. Abstract. 13th Biennial Conference of the European Association for Research on Adolescence, Island of Spetses, Greece. 29 August – 1 September 2012 (p. 60)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingholt, Liselotte; Sørensen, Betina Bang; Axel, Erik

    Druguse among Adolescents within Vocational Schools: Health Promotion, Social Relations and Institutional Organization. L. Ingholt1, B.B. Sørensen1, E. Axel2, V.A. Frank3 1 National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2 The Department of Psychology...... and Educational Studies, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark. 3 Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences – Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Objectives: The paper explores the significance of drug use and peer relations for students’ participation in vocational....... Results: Learning in vocational education is part of how young people develop and coordinate their trajectory of everyday social life. Additionally drug use may become important in the process of forming peer relations. For some students, the focus is drifting from vocational to social interactions...

  7. 高职院校学生心理健康教育误区及改善对策%The Misunderstanding and Countermeasure in Psychological Education of Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云萍; 游春丽

    2012-01-01

    高职院校学生的心理具有一定的特殊性,承受着特定的环境压力,表现出自卑、焦虑、孤独、困惑和抑郁等问题。高等职业院校学生心理健康教育相对落后,且存在一定误区。本文通过运用卡特尔16PF随机抽查贵州5所职业院校各年级的540名学生,对卡特尔16PF的24个维度进行统计和方差分析,归纳总结了当前高职学生心理健康教育的问题,反思心理教育的误区,提出了对策。%There are specific psychological characteristics of vocational college students.Because of relevant circumstance pressure,they suffer symptoms of inferiority,anxiety,solitude and depression.The psychology health education in vocational college is underdeveloped.There is some misunderstanding for the psychology education.This research applied the method of Cattell's 16 Personality Factor,made random sampling of 540 students in five vocational colleges in Guizhou,analyzed the twenty-four dimension of Cattell's 16 Personality Factor,summarized the problems in vocational college students' psychological education,reflected the misunderstanding of psychological education,and proposed countermeasure.

  8. 高职生创业心理品质微探%Exploration into Higher Vocational Students' Pioneering Psychological Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏玲; 章莉娟

    2011-01-01

    Starting their business by higher vocational college students plays an important role for the construction of entrepreneurial country, which can not be underestimated. Higher vocational college students cannot realize their value of life in setting up a business without their own comprehensive qualities, hence the entrepreneurial psychological quality have great influence on their ability to initiate business and their career success as one the most key factors.%高职院校学生创业对我国建设创业型国家有着不可低估的重要作用。高职生要在创业过程中实现自己的人生价值,离不开良好的自身综合素质,因此创业的心理品质是影响其创业能力和创业成败最重要的素质之一。

  9. The Practice of Positive Psychology in English Language Teaching in Secondary Vocational School%积极心理学在中等职业学校英语教学中的实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓天清

    2012-01-01

    积极心理学是近十几年来出现的心理学研究新方向。本文阐述了积极心理学的应用体会。介绍了积极心理学的主张、内容及作用,分析中等职业学校学生的心理特征及积极特质,并用积极心理学的理论指导中职英语教学工作,以提高学生学习英语的积极性和学业成绩。%Positive psychology is the psychological research appeared in the last decade a new direction. This paper des- cribes the experience of positive psychology, positive psychology advocates, contents and function, analysis of the psy-chological characteristics and positive qualities of the students of secondary vocational schools, and vocational English instruction in the theoretical guidance of positive psychology in order to improve student learning English enthusiasm and academic achievement.

  10. The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

  11. The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

  12. Integrating psychology research and behavioral management

    OpenAIRE

    Igor Elman

    2010-01-01

    Igor ElmanDepartment of Psychiatry, McLean Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA, USAI am grateful that about two years ago Dove Medical Press offered me the opportunity to edit the Journal of Psychology Research and Behavior Management. I find my work on the Journal to be a very gratifying experience and I particularly enjoy its eclectic multidisciplinary qualities that, by attracting contributions from a variety of perspectives and geographic locations, help to ease the artificial b...

  13. Qualitative Psychology Nexus, Vol. II: The Role of the Researcher in Qualitative Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    Volume two of Qualitative Research Nexus focuses on the roles of qualitative researchers and their relationships within psychological studies. This book is a result of the presentations, discussions, and collaborations of participants at the second workshop "Qualitative Psychology" in October 2001 in Blaubeuren, Germany that was organized by the Center for Qualitative Psychology. The theme of the meeting was "the role of the researcher in qualitative psychology." Reading this volume of Qualit...

  14. Research on the Psychological Motivations and Factors of the Social Entrepreneurship in the Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校学生公益创业心理动机的特点与影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈湘瑶; 韦小双

    2015-01-01

    公益创业作为一种新的解决社会问题的方式引起人们的广泛关注﹐高职院校学生公益创业动机有别与传统的商业创业动机﹐利他动机是公益创业的核心动机﹐也是高职院校学生参与公益创业的的出发点﹐近年来﹐公益创业动机呈混合化发展趋势﹐高职院校学生公益创业心理动机的影响因素主要体现在内因与外因两个方面﹐内因与外因相互渗透﹐共同影响公益创业的心理动机水平。%Social entrepreneurship is a new way to solve social problems which caused widespread concern. Social Entrepreneurship motives are different from traditional ones. Altruistic motivation is his core motivation. It is also the starting point for vocational students to participate in social entrepreneurship. In recent years, the social entrepreneurship motivation appears mixed development trend. Internal and external factors are the ones which affected social entrepreneurship psychological motivation level in vocational college students.

  15. English Teaching Strategies Research--Based on the Vocational High School Art Students’Learning Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Jianxia

    2014-01-01

    Diagnosing learners' learning style is meaningful for “student-centered” teaching mode and individualized teaching.But the teaching strategies based on the students' learning style should gain the same attention.Seldom do researchers regard vocational high school art students as their subjects.Using Reid’s Perceptual Learning Style Survey as the research instrument, this paper viewed vocational high school art students as the subjects;the purpose is to find some effective strategies to teach art students of vocational high school well.

  16. 77 FR 41391 - Final Priority; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... Network, including Regional Technical Assistance and Continuing Education (TACE) Centers to disseminate... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Final Priority; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation and...

  17. 浅谈高职学生职业心理素质的培养%Introduction to the cultivation of professional psychological quality higher vocational students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娟

    2015-01-01

    Professional psychological quality plays an important role in the occupational activities,it is necessary to strength-en the students'professional psychological quality in higher vocational colleges.This paper mainly discusses the necessity of pro-fessional psychological quality training,the employing units on the vocational college students psychological quality requirements of occupation,and on this basis puts forward the ways to cultivate the professional psychological quality.%职业心理素质在职业活动中具有重要作用,高职院校有必要加强学生的职业心理素质培养。文章从用人单位对员工职业心理素质的要求出发,对职业心理素质培养提出了若干建议。

  18. [Use of driving simulators in psychological research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andysz, Aleksandra; Waszkowska, Małgorzata; Merecz, Dorota; Drabek, Marcin

    2010-01-01

    The history of simulators dates back to the first decades of the twentieth century. At the beginning they were used to train pilots, and eventually they were used in the automotive industry for testing the strength of new vehicles and ergonomic solutions. With time research institutions and technical universities from outside the automotive industry have become more and more interested in simulators. Attractiveness of simulators for researchers is based on a number of important factors: they create the possibility of modeling, control and repeatability of different experimental situations, reducing at the same time the impact of confounding factors. Simulators have a great potential for data collection and processing. What's more, they are safe and ecologic. These values make them almost an ideal research tool. The article presents a review of psychological studies with use of vehicle driving simulators. It also points to advantages and disadvantages of these devices and outlines the future prospects for experimental research.

  19. School Psychology Research and Scholarship: USA Status, International Explorations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strein, William; Cramer, Katurah; Lawser, Matthew

    2003-01-01

    Addresses questions regarding research in school psychology by coding all of the articles published from 1994-1998 in the main USA school psychology journals and in "School Psychology International." Assessment-related topics and research on clinical/personality issues dominated the USA literature, while clinical/personality and professional…

  20. School Psychology Research: Combining Ecological Theory and Prevention Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Matthew K.

    2011-01-01

    The current article comments on the importance of theoretical implications within school psychological research, and proposes that ecological theory and prevention science could provide the conceptual framework for school psychology research and practice. Articles published in "School Psychology Review" should at least discuss potential…

  1. The Application of Narrative Research to Vocational Education Research%叙事研究在职业教育研究中的应用探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艾荣

    2012-01-01

    Narrative research method because of its pervasive features, favored by educators, is widely used in the primary education research, but less in the vocational education research. The characteristics of students in vocational school are of thin study basics, being undisciplined and weak psychological enduring. So the class work is hard to handle. That the method of narrative research is applied to the class work in vocational school can not only promote self-reflection and growth of the teachers and students, but also improve the efficiency of the work of class teacher. And therefore, it can make the vocational school developed itself.%叙事研究方法因其普适化的特点,受到教育工作者的青睐,在中小学教育研究中使用广泛,而在职业教育研究领域里应用较少。职业学校的学生基础相对薄弱、纪律性不强、心理承受能力稍差,班主任的工作难度较大。使用一定的策略,将叙事研究方法应用于职业教育研究中,不仅能促进师生的自觉反思、不断成长,还有利于班主任工作效率的提高,从而促进职业学校自身的发展。

  2. A Video Introduction to Psychology: Enhancing Research Interest and Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sacco, Donald F.; Bernstein, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    To assess the extent to which a video about psychological research would heighten introductory psychology students' interest and participation in research studies, we created a video about ongoing research at our university, the value of research participation, and course requirements for the research experience. Instructors in 4 courses (N = 471…

  3. Self research in educational psychology: a cautionary tale of positive psychology in action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jack

    2006-07-01

    Recent calls for a positive psychology that would deemphasize human pathology and dysfunction in favor of building an understanding of positive features of human life and human flourishing make two assumptions that the author questions in this article. First, he challenges the assumption that disciplinary psychology has been fixated on pathology and dysfunction by considering work in educational psychology that, both historically and currently, espouses the characteristics of positive psychology as articulated by its major advocates. Second, through a brief, critical consideration of research on the self in educational psychology, he contests the assumption that psychology has sufficient resources to develop into the positive psychology envisioned by its promoters. He argues that psychology's emphasis on the individual, whose core self resides in a deep, internal psyche, radically strips psychology of the historical and sociocultural resources that enable self-development, constrain self-understanding, and constitute the self.

  4. Fairness:Psychological Appeal of Journal Editors of Higher Vocational Colleges%公平:高职学报编辑的心理诉求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗香

    2012-01-01

    公平感是编辑工作投入的心理基础,是编辑工作绩效的有效保障,是编辑人才去留的影响因素。受主客观因素影响,高职学报编辑在地位、待遇等方面都受到与教学科研人员不同等的对待,致使编辑工作的积极性和热情不高,质量和效率无法保证。应通过提高自身的认知水平和领导的重视程度、建立和完善有效的规章制度等方式来提高编辑的公平感,满足他们的心理诉求,促进高职学报的健康发展。%Sense of fairness is the psychological basis of editors' job engagement,which is the effective guarantee of job performance and the factor of determining the talent flow of journal staff.At present,the edits' work enthusiasm and passion is not high,influencing the work quality and efficiency,because the editors of higher vocational college journals are treated differently from teaching and scientific research staff in the status and salary.To improve the editors' sense of fairness,meet their psychological demands,and promote the healthy development of higher vocational colleges journals,some effective measures should be taken to improve edits' cognitive level,attention from leadership should be placed,and effective rules and regulations established and perfected.

  5. The research impact of school psychology faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Marley W; Chan-Park, Christina Y

    2015-06-01

    Hirsch's (2005) h index has become one of the most popular indicators of research productivity for higher education faculty. However, the h index varies across academic disciplines so empirically established norms for each discipline are necessary. To that end, the current study collected h index values from Scopus and Google Scholar databases for 401 tenure-track faculty members from 109 school psychology training programs. Male faculty tended to be more senior than female faculty and a greater proportion of the male faculty held professorial rank. However, female faculty members outnumbered males at the assistant and associate professor ranks. Although strongly correlated (rho=.84), h index values from Google Scholar were higher than those from Scopus. h index distributions were positively skewed with many faculty having low values and a few faculty having high values. Faculty in doctoral training programs exhibited significantly larger h index values than faculty in specialist training programs and there were univariate differences in h index values across academic rank and sex, but sex differences were not significant after taking seniority into account. It was recommended that the h index be integrated with peer review and diverse other indicators when considering individual merit. Copyright © 2015 Society for the Study of School Psychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. The Paradigm Revolution in Inquiry: Implications for Vocational Research and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guba, Egon G.

    While the rationalistic approach traditionally employed in research and development efforts in the social sciences may be the best method of inquiry to use in the physical sciences, social scientists, and, more particularly, vocational education researchers, would do better to adopt a naturalistic method of research. The naturalist approach to…

  7. The Research on Teachers’ Burnout of Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin; Liping

    2015-01-01

    Burnout becomes a common phenomenon in all walks of life.Scholars have begun to focus on the burnout of primary and secondary school teachers,but little attention was given to teachers of secondary vocational schools.This thesis summarized the general status quo of teacher burnout,the major resources and further proposals to cope with teacher burnout.

  8. The Research on Teachers' Burnout of Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Liping

    2015-01-01

    Burnout becomes a common phenomenon in all walks of life.Scholars have begun to focus on the burnout of primary and secondary school teachers,but little attention was given to teachers of secondary vocational schools.This thesis summarized the general status quo of teacher burnout,the major resources and further proposals to cope with teacher burnout.

  9. Vocational Rehabilitation Service Delivery Using Telecommunication. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goe, Rebecca; Ipsen, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Telecommunication offers a low cost solution to increasing client and counselor contact during the vocational rehabilitation (VR) process, particularly for clients at a distance from the VR office. Despite the advantage telecommunication provides, however, counselors report using email with fewer rural as compared to urban clients. In part, this…

  10. Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Approaches to Job Development. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipsen, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies provide a range of services to help people with disabilities become employed. How services are delivered, however, depends on several factors including client interests and abilities as well as economic opportunities within the local community. For better or worse, rural and urban clients face vastly…

  11. Research on Implementation of the Teaching Process in Higher Vocational Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songjie Gong

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of the teaching process is the main channel to carry out good education. The aim of the implementation of the teaching process is to place emphasis on cultivating students’ innovation ability and take innovation education as the point to deepen higher vocational teaching reformation. The reform of project curriculum has become the main trend of course reform in higher vocational education. The traditional curriculum teaching process has shown some disadvantages in the teaching practice in higher vocational education. The project teaching method and the task teaching method are the effective way in the common teaching process, which often play an important role in training students' ability about solving a problem. This study researches on the implementation of the teaching process in higher vocational curriculum. The implementation of project and task teaching process can improve students’ vocational ability and help students to get work process knowledge. The implementation of teaching process is the advance of the curriculum reform in higher vocational education.

  12. The Study on Status of Psychological Well-being for Vocational Students%高职生心理幸福感现状调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵佳佳; 童秀英; 崔鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    Under the situation of higher vocational education's rapid development, vocational college students as an independent group, studying the well-being, it's of great significant to enhance the well-being of vocational college students, and promote the psychological health of vocational college students. This study attempts to know the status of vocational college students' psychological well-being by the survey and analysis of questionnaire.%在高职教育快速发展的形势下,把高职生作为独立群体,研究其幸福感,对提升高职生的幸福感,促进高职生心理健康具有重要的意义。通过问卷调查的形式,了解和分析性别、年级、专业、成绩等因素及是否为独生子女和学生干部对高职生心理幸福感的影响。

  13. Reporting Standards for Research in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    In anticipation of the impending revision of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, APA’s Publications and Communications Board formed the Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS) and charged it to provide the board with background and recommendations on information that should be included in manuscripts submitted to APA journals that report (a) new data collections and (b) meta-analyses. The JARS Group reviewed efforts in related fields to develop standards and sought input from other knowledgeable groups. The resulting recommendations contain (a) standards for all journal articles, (b) more specific standards for reports of studies with experimental manipulations or evaluations of interventions using research designs involving random or nonrandom assignment, and (c) standards for articles reporting meta-analyses. The JARS Group anticipated that standards for reporting other research designs (e.g., observational studies, longitudinal studies) would emerge over time. This report also (a) examines societal developments that have encouraged researchers to provide more details when reporting their studies, (b) notes important differences between requirements, standards, and recommendations for reporting, and (c) examines benefits and obstacles to the development and implementation of reporting standards. PMID:19086746

  14. Report about Vocational Students' Psychological Comprehensive Evaluation Analysis%高职院校学生心理测评综合分析报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高春鸿

    2011-01-01

    Attaching importance to the psychological state of health of students in higher vocational colleges is the premise of doing well higher vocational students' psychological health education. To know about students' psychological health, we use SCL-90 to conduct random cluster sampling for freshmen, and compare and analyze the 342 valid samples.%关注高职院校大学生的心理健康状况,是做好高职学生心理健康教育的前提.为了解我校区三年制高职学生的心理健康状况,我们运用SCL-90对大一学生进行随机整群抽样,并对342个有效样本进行了比较分析.

  15. Application of Psychological Health Education of Vocational School Teaching Classroom%心理健康教育在职专课堂教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤金美; 柴真真

    2014-01-01

    中学生处于心理不稳定的青春期,心理健康教育已经成为职专教学的重中之重,本文全方位、深层次地分析了职专学生的心理特点、心理健康教育在职专教学中的重要性及其应对策略。为心理健康教育在职专教学中的广泛应用提供了重要的理论意义及实践意义。%Middle school students are in adolescence mental instability,mental health education has become the priority among priorities of vocational school teaching, this paper all-round, in-depth analysis of the psychological health education, psychological characteristics of vocational school students the importance of vocational school teaching and its countermeasures. Provides important theory meaning and practice meaning to the wide application of psychological health education in the teaching of vocational school.

  16. 77 FR 41387 - Applications for New Awards; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... research in refereed journals. The number of products (e.g., new or improved tools, methods, discoveries... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Applications for New Awards; Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Vocational Rehabilitation...

  17. “Slow Food” Post-Qualitative Research in Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demuth, Carolin

    2015-01-01

    thing when using this terminology. In addressing the topic of what constitutes the object of psychological research and what accordingly could be a genuinely psychological qualitative research it acknowledges the need to return to the study of persons’ unique experience. In light of the risk of “Mc......The present paper addresses several aspects discussed in the special issue on the future of qualitative research in psychology. Particularly, it asks whether in light of the overhomogenization of the term “qualitative methods” researchers actually can still assume that they talk about the same......Donaldization” in present qualitative research, it argues that we need to return to learning research methods as craft skills. It will then give an outlook on how recent developments in discursive and narrative psychology offer a fruitful avenue for studying unique psychological experience as people manage to ‘move on...

  18. Handbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Harry T.; Judd, Charles M.

    2000-03-01

    This volume provides an overview of research methods in contemporary social psychology. Coverage includes conceptual issues in research design, methods of research, and statistical approaches. Because the range of research methods available for social psychology have expanded extensively in the past decade, both traditional and innovative methods are presented. The goal is to introduce new and established researchers alike to new methodological developments in the field.

  19. Ethical Perspectives on Qualitative Research in Applied Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haverkamp, Beth E.

    2005-01-01

    The present article explores ethical issues that emerge in qualitative research conducted by applied psychologists. The utility and relevance of the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (American Psychological Association, 2002) for qualitative research are examined. The importance of psychology's fiduciary relationship with…

  20. Forensic Psychology: An Empirical Review of Experimental Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Lisa R.; Finn, Paul E.

    1986-01-01

    Evaluated the first eleven years of experimental research (1973-1983) publications, with a focus on forensic psychology, that were cited in Psychological Abstracts. Results indicate: a paucity of experimental research; a significant difference between empirical and nonempirical publications; and a transition from descriptive to correlational and…

  1. Psychological Barriers and Controlling Measures of Dis-ability in Secondary Vocational Students%残疾中职生的心理障碍及调控对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文以中职残疾生为研究对象,残疾学生是中职学校中一个特殊的弱势群体,文章分析了残疾中职生产生心理障碍的原因、心理情感特点并提出了具体的调控对策。对残疾中职生消除孤独、自卑、焦虑苦闷等心理障碍,帮助残疾中职生掌握专业技能,顺利就业起到积极的作用。%In this paper, students with disabilities are the research object, students with disabilities is a special vulnerable groups in secondary vocational schools, the writer analyzes the reasons of psychological barriers, psychological and emotional features of the students with disabilities, and propose specific regulation of countermeasures. We hope to offer some guidance to effectively help the disabled vocational students eliminate their loneliness, low self-esteem, anxiety and depression and other psychological disorders, help them master the professional skills, and get suc-cessful employment, as well.

  2. Statistical Reform in School Psychology Research: A Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaminathan, Hariharan; Rogers, H. Jane

    2007-01-01

    Statistical reform in school psychology research is discussed in terms of research designs, measurement issues, statistical modeling and analysis procedures, interpretation and reporting of statistical results, and finally statistics education.

  3. Statistical Reform in School Psychology Research: A Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaminathan, Hariharan; Rogers, H. Jane

    2007-01-01

    Statistical reform in school psychology research is discussed in terms of research designs, measurement issues, statistical modeling and analysis procedures, interpretation and reporting of statistical results, and finally statistics education.

  4. SCIENTIFIC-RESEARCH WORK OF STUDENTS IN ORGANIZATIONS OF SECONDARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya O. Vaganova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to reveal features and possibilities of research work in the organizations of secondary professional education. Methods. Theoretical methods involve analysis of legislative, normative documents; comparison and generalization of the findings of scientists on research activities. Empirical methods: pedagogical observation, to study the experience of organization of research work. Results. The definition of «research ability» is proposed; the system of organization of research activity in the organization of secondary vocational education, including the identification of approaches to the concept of «research» is developed; development of a program of research skills formation is given; definition of subjective functional relationships for the implementation of the programmer of research; the development of training programs for teaching staff the organization of the secondary professional education to the organization and conduct of research activities with students; creation of innovative infrastructure as a set of resources and means to ensure the maintenance of research activities. Scientific novelty. An attempt to fill the gaps in the methodology of organization of research activity in organizations of secondary vocational education is taken. Peculiarities of the educational programs of secondary vocational education, defining the forms of research activities are disclosed. Approaches to the concept of «research», the formation of research skills and development of professional-pedagogical competences of teachers as subjects of research activities are proposed. Practical significance. The use of suggested approaches to conducting research in organizations of secondary vocational education can increase the level of students and extend the functionality of teachers. 

  5. The psychology of voting action : on the psychological origins of electoral research, 1939-1964

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, Max

    1994-01-01

    This article examines the development of psychologically oriented voting behavior research between 1939-1964. It intends to show the psychological basis of the Columbia and Michigan approaches and its implications for the analysis of electoral behavior. It is argued that, in spite of the large diffe

  6. Futurism in Vocational Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    Vocational education is likely to change dramatically as society as a whole continues to change in the future. Research conducted by vocational education specialists will likely result in a new scope and sequence of vocational instruction. New theories of vocational education will be developed, as will new instructional methods based on these…

  7. 试论积极心理学视域下的高职院校心理健康教育%On psychological health education in higher vocational colleges from the perspective of positive psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔岩

    2013-01-01

    At present, the influence of psychological health education in higher vocational colleges has been affected by the negative psychology, psychological problems, prevention and correction of students, ignoring the development of students' potential. As an important branch of psychology, positive psychology focuses on the positive social environment, positive emotions, positive personality traits, aims to explore people's happiness, pleasure, satisfaction. In order to further improve the work of mental health education in higher vocational colleges, the positive psychology in mental health education, to cultivate students' positive psychological quality in health education in higher vocational colleges, psychological distress in pointed out a correct road.%目前,高职院校的心理健康教育一直受消极心理学的影响,主要预防和矫正学生的心理问题,忽略了学生潜能的开发。作为心理学一个重要的分支,积极心理学重点研究积极社会环境、积极情绪体验、积极人格特质等,旨在发掘人们的快乐、愉悦、满意感。为了进一步做好高职院校的心理健康教育工作,将积极心理学运用在心理健康教育中,能够培养高职院校学生积极的心理品质,为处在困境中的高职院校心理健康教育指出一条正确的道路。

  8. Research status and development tendency of medical psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-yi ZHANG

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective The present study aims to review the research status and development tendency of military medical psychology in China and abroad and proposes the development of medical psychology research in the Chinese military.Methods A literature search method was adopted to find and review major literature on military medical psychology,from basic studies,discipline construction,professional teaching,to the service force in the last 10 years.Results The last 10 years witnessed much development in the medical psychological branches,such as physiological psychology,mental measurement,psychological counseling,and treatment.With these developments,military medical psychology achieved much with regard to the reserve of talented men,the mental measurement for officers and soldiers,mental intervention for military stress,and psychological rehabilitation after stress.Conclusion Thus,future studies on military medical psychology should focus on intensifying the training of medical psychology experts to promote the study on the etiology of military mental diseases and on the prevention and treatment of mental disorders caused by wars.

  9. RESEARCH OF STUDENTS’ ENTREPRENEURSHIP TENDENCIES: SAMPLE OF GÖLBAŞI VOCATIONAL COLLEGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman ULUYOL

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Vocational colleges are the places in higher education system where practice oriented and sectoral education is given. The education students take differentiate their point of view to their fields and promote them for practice oriented innovative projects. Accordingly the purpose of this study is to research the entrepreneurial tendencies of Gölbaşı Vocational College students. The entrepreneurship tendencies of college students have been measured through a questionnaire with 36 item scale and it was tested if there is a significant statistical difference between the entrepreneurship tendencies of students which took the courses financial management and entrepreneurship and which didn’t. As a result it was found that Gölbaşı Vocational College students have “high grade” entrepreneurship tendencies, but it hasn’t been found any significant statistical difference between the entrepreneurship tendencies of students which did and didn’t took the financial management and entrepreneurship courses.

  10. Research for Performance Based Vocational Education in Indiana. A Position Paper. Information Series Number Five.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Bill R.

    This position paper describes Indiana's research goals and efforts to develop a student-centered, industry-referenced approach to performance based vocational education (PBVE) programs and curricula. The introductory section traces the state's efforts to establish priorities and systematically develop performance based programs and describes…

  11. The Didactics of Vocational Bildung: How Stories Matter in VET Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyson, Ruhi

    2016-01-01

    In the research on education, the field roughly covered by the concept of Bildung has seen a wide-ranging discussion philosophically but less has been said and done from an empirical and vocational perspective. Bildung includes matters such as: formation of character, ethical and aesthetic knowledge/capability, capacity for wise deliberation and…

  12. Professional Ethics in Vocational Education Research: An Annotated Bibliography of Related Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuelson, Judith, Comp.

    This 14-item annotated bibliography provides background information on the efforts of several professional groups to define codes of ethics for their members' guidance. It was prepared to aid the members of the American Vocational Education Research Association (AVERA) in their study of ethical principles and guidelines for professional behavior,…

  13. Vocations: The Link between Post-Compulsory Education and the Labour Market. What the Research Says For... Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelahan, Leesa; Buchanan, John; Yu, Serena

    2015-01-01

    This summary brings together the relevant key findings for industry from the research program "Vocations: The Link between Post-Compulsory Education and the Labour Market." The program was comprised of three different strands: (1) pathways from VET in Schools, (2) pathways within and between vocational education and training (VET) and…

  14. Vocations: The Link between Post-Compulsory Education and the Labour Market. What the Research Says For... Qualification & Approval Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelahan, Leesa; Buchanan, John; Yu, Serena

    2015-01-01

    This summary pulls together the relevant key findings for qualification and approval bodies from the research program "Vocations: The Link between Post-Compulsory Education and the Labour Market." The program was comprised of three different strands: (1) pathways from VET in Schools, (2) pathways within and between vocational education…

  15. Multilevel modeling: overview and applications to research in counseling psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Jeffrey H

    2011-04-01

    Multilevel modeling (MLM) is rapidly becoming the standard method of analyzing nested data, for example, data from students within multiple schools, data on multiple clients seen by a smaller number of therapists, and even longitudinal data. Although MLM analyses are likely to increase in frequency in counseling psychology research, many readers of counseling psychology journals have had only limited exposure to MLM concepts. This paper provides an overview of MLM that blends mathematical concepts with examples drawn from counseling psychology. This tutorial is intended to be a first step in learning about MLM; readers are referred to other sources for more advanced explorations of MLM. In addition to being a tutorial for understanding and perhaps even conducting MLM analyses, this paper reviews recent research in counseling psychology that has adopted a multilevel framework, and it provides ideas for MLM approaches to future research in counseling psychology.

  16. Developing a qualitative research culture in university psychology departments

    OpenAIRE

    Frost, Nollaig; Barry, Richard

    2010-01-01

    We are academics in the Department of Psychology, Middlesex University. Nollaig’s research is primarily qualitative and Richard’s primarily quantitative. We form part of a team responsible for developing and delivering Research Methods modules to students at undergraduate and postgraduate level. In this paper, we draw on our experiences and those of colleagues to discuss some challenges (and possible solutions) to changing the research culture in a psychology department.

  17. Simulation and Related Research Methods in Environmental Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-01

    February, 1962, 25-52. Nogami, C. Y. Crowding: Effects of group size, rocm size or density Journal of Applied Social Psychology , 1976, 6, 105-125. Rapoport...Winston and John Wiley, 1978. Streufert, S. and Suedfeld, P. Simulation as a research method: A problem in communication. Journal of Applied Social Psychology , 1977

  18. Characteristics of Psychology Students Who Serve as Research Assistants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawlow, Laura A.; Meinz, Elizabeth J.

    2017-01-01

    Participation in undergraduate research has been shown to provide a wide array of benefits across many disciplines of study; however, relatively less is known about the impact of this experience on Psychology majors specifically. We collected measures of Psychology students' (N = 229) knowledge of the major (career, core, and…

  19. Evolutionary Developmental Psychology: Contributions from Comparative Research with Nonhuman Primates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maestripieri, Dario; Roney, James R.

    2006-01-01

    Evolutionary developmental psychology is a discipline that has the potential to integrate conceptual approaches to the study of behavioral development derived from psychology and biology as well as empirical data from humans and animals. Comparative research with animals, and especially with nonhuman primates, can provide evidence of adaptation in…

  20. Problem Solving: Polya's Heuristic Applied to Psychological Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damarin, Suzanne K.

    Using the "How to Solve It" list developed by Polya as a vehicle of comparison, research findings and key concepts from the psychological study of problem solving are applied to mathematical problem solving. Hypotheses concerning the interpretation of psychological phenomena for mathematical problem situations are explored. Several areas…

  1. An Exploration about Some Psychological Status of Female Vocational Students%高职女生若干心理状况的探究与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅遐龄

    2012-01-01

    Because of immature psychological development and lack of experience, the vocational female students suffer from psychological troubles and puzzlement. This study analysis the psychological health level, psychological adjustment ability, emotional stability and self-cogni tion of vocational female students through 672 questionnaires. This article proposes some measures on psychological health education, disorder treatment and quality optimization, which is meaningful to cultivate vocational female students' good psychological quality and mental status, and help them to be high qualified and skilled personnel in the intensive society competition.%高职院校女生由于心理发展尚未完全成熟、阅历单一等原因,容易引发心理烦恼和困惑。本研究通过对672名高职女生的问卷调查,对高职女生心理健康程度、心理适应能力、情绪稳定、自我认识等方面进行了分析评价,提出加强心理健康教育、心理障碍疏解、心理素质优化的措施。对培养高职女生良好心理素质和精神状态,在竞争激烈的社会中成为高素质技能型人才有着重要意义。

  2. Has 60 years of research in psychology really gone astray?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurevich, Andrey

    2007-03-01

    The author presents several arguments against Toomela's (Culture of science: Strange history of the methodological thinking in psychology. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 2007a, doi:10.1007/sl2124-007-9004-0, History of methodology in psychology: Starting point, not the goal. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 2007b, doi:10.1007/sl2124-007-9005-z) pessimistic thesis: "The last 60 years of research in psychology seems to have gone astray." Nevertheless he admits that Toomela's article despite the excessively categorical assessments contained in it and the undue pessimism crowing its conclusion, represents a substantial contribution to the highlighting of socio-cultural impact on various models of psychological cognition, which lurks behind the international unification of globalizing science.

  3. The Future of Qualitative Research in Psychology: Accentuating the Positive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gough, Brendan; Lyons, Antonia

    2016-06-01

    In this paper we reflect on current trends and anticipate future prospects regarding qualitative research in Psychology. We highlight various institutional and disciplinary obstacles to qualitative research diversity, complexity and quality. At the same time, we note some causes for optimism, including publication breakthroughs and vitality within the field. The paper is structured into three main sections which consider: 1) the positioning of qualitative research within Psychology; 2) celebrating the different kinds of knowledge produced by qualitative research; and 3) implementing high quality qualitative research. In general we accentuate the positive, recognising and illustrating innovative qualitative research practices which generate new insights and propel the field forward. We conclude by emphasising the importance of research training: for qualitative research to flourish within Psychology (and beyond), students and early career researchers require more sophisticated, in-depth instruction than is currently offered.

  4. The Abnormal Psychological Prevention and Correction System of Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校大学生心理异常预防及矫治体系构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘珊珊

    2014-01-01

    This paper tries to draw lessons from and absorbing predecessors of the existing research results about college students'mental a-nomaly correction on the basis of prominent characteristics in higher vocational colleges to build college students'psychological abnormal preven-tion and correction system ,in which the college students can be out of psychological confusion and psychological barriers ,as well as overcome the psychological disease prompting abnormal psychology students to a positive direction .%在借鉴、吸收前人已有的关于大学生心理异常矫治研究成果的基础上,突出高职院校特点,构建高职院校大学生心理异常的预防与矫治体系,以期能够更好地帮助高职院校大学生排除心理困惑和心理障碍,战胜心理疾病,促使心理异常的学生能够朝着积极健康向上的心理方向转化。

  5. The Technological Paradigm of Psychological Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvale, Steinar

    1973-01-01

    The experiment in physics has often been pictured as an ideal for the less mature social sciences, especially by positivist philosophy of science. The thesis to be presented here is that the physical experiment as a paradigm for psychology is merely a pretext, a smoke-screen for a more fundamental and concealed technological paradigm for the study…

  6. The Technological Paradigm of Psychological Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kvale, Steinar

    1973-01-01

    The experiment in physics has often been pictured as an ideal for the less mature social sciences, especially by positivist philosophy of science. The thesis to be presented here is that the physical experiment as a paradigm for psychology is merely a pretext, a smoke-screen for a more fundamental and concealed technological paradigm for the study…

  7. Qualitative health psychology research: diversity, power, and impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gough, Brendan; Deatrick, Janet A

    2015-04-01

    This special issue showcases a range of qualitative research projects conducted by health psychologists with a view to promoting greater uptake and development of qualitative research methods in the field. It is timely because qualitative methods have become prominent across psychology and health research and because major health research funders are now inviting qualitative research to help give voice to patient experiences. As a whole, the papers demonstrate the diversity, power, and impact of qualitative research conducted in health-related settings and show how traditional health psychology methods and concepts can be enriched in the process.

  8. How Vocational Psychologists Can Make a Difference in K-12 Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Justin C.; Shannon, Lisa

    2017-01-01

    In general, vocational psychologists have not been engaged in applied research that demonstrates how career interventions can improve educational problems that matter to relevant decision-makers and stakeholders. This article describes how vocational psychology can make a difference in K-12 education by embracing an interdisciplinary…

  9. The Psychological and Vocational Interest Patterns of Donald Super and John Holland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinrach, Stephen G.

    1996-01-01

    Super and Holland are the two most prominent theorists in the field of career development. This article offers a glimpse into the psychological make up of these theorists; it presents comparative data about the theorists' interests, values, and personalities based on the results of four psychometric instruments. (LSR)

  10. Physical Attractiveness Research. Toward a Developmental Social Psychology of Beauty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, G. R.

    1977-01-01

    This paper reviews research on physical attractiveness from a dialectical-interactional perspective and attempts to examine the relationship between outer appearance and inner psychological characteristics from a developmental perspective. (BD)

  11. Physical Attractiveness Research. Toward a Developmental Social Psychology of Beauty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, G. R.

    1977-01-01

    This paper reviews research on physical attractiveness from a dialectical-interactional perspective and attempts to examine the relationship between outer appearance and inner psychological characteristics from a developmental perspective. (BD)

  12. Psychical research and the origins of American psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommer, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Largely unacknowledged by historians of the human sciences, late-19th-century psychical researchers were actively involved in the making of fledgling academic psychology. Moreover, with few exceptions historians have failed to discuss the wider implications of the fact that the founder of academic psychology in America, William James, considered himself a psychical researcher and sought to integrate the scientific study of mediumship, telepathy and other controversial topics into the nascent discipline. Analysing the celebrated exposure of the medium Eusapia Palladino by German-born Harvard psychologist Hugo Münsterberg as a representative example, this article discusses strategies employed by psychologists in the United States to expel psychical research from the agenda of scientific psychology. It is argued that the traditional historiography of psychical research, dominated by accounts deeply averse to its very subject matter, has been part of an ongoing form of ‘boundary-work’ to bolster the scientific status of psychology. PMID:23355763

  13. Empirical Research in Environmental Psychology: A Brief Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canter, David

    1974-01-01

    The development of the field of environmental psychology and its research methods are reviewed. Trends in areas of study -- perception, space, personality, learning, and building design -- are noted. (KM)

  14. Achievement Motivation and the Vocational Development of Adolescent Women: A Review and Application of Achievement Motivation Research to Vocational Development Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celkis, Ruta

    Achievement motivation research provides a basis for understanding the processes by which socialization into stereotypical feminine roles shapes the educational and vocational aspirations of adolescent women. Young women are socialized to be interested in pleasing others, motivated to achieve in traditionally feminine areas, and fearful of success…

  15. Research productivity in select psychology journals, 1986-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahoney, Kevin T; Buboltz, Walter C; Calvert, Barbara; Hoffmann, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    Examination of research productivity has a long history in psychology. Journals across psychology have periodically published research-productivity studies. An analysis of institutional research productivity was conducted for 17 journals published by the American Psychological Association for the years 1986-2008. This analysis implemented two methodologies: one a replication and extension of G. S. Howard, D. A. Cole, and S. E. Maxwell's (1987) method, the other a new method designed to give credit to psychology departments rather than only overall institutions. A system of proportional credit assured all articles with multiple institutions received credit. Results show that for the 23-year period, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign was ranked 1st, followed by the University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Overall, results showed both consistency and change across all journals examined. The authors explore the implications of these findings in the context of the current academic environment.

  16. 中专生同性恋现象与心理健康教育%On Secondary Vocational Students' Homosexuality Phenomenon and Their Psychological Health Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓丽

    2012-01-01

    中专学生正处于同性恋形成的活跃时期,同性恋现象客观存在。相比成年同性恋者,中专同性恋学生更容易陷入焦虑、抑郁、痛苦和无助中,爆发心理危机。学校应努力营造宽容、和谐的校园环境,提供专业、有效的心理援助,构建心理危机干预机制等,促进同性恋学生的自我和谐和心理健康。%Secondary vocational students are in the active time when the homosexuality forms,and the homosexuality phenomenon objectively exists.Comparing with the grown-up homo-sexual,homosexual secondary vocational students are easier to fall into anxiety,and erupt psychological crisis.The school should build tolerant and harmonious campus environment diligently,provide specialized and effective psychological aid,construct psychology crisis intervention mechanism and so on,so as to promote homosexual student's self-harmony and psychological health.

  17. Developing a Psychology Undergraduate Research Community in a New University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Patricia; Ertubey, Candan; McMurray, Isabella; Robertson, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Psychology is a science-based discipline in which research is inextricably embedded in teaching and learning activities. Educators use different methods to help students in their learning of the nature of research and the practical skills required to conduct research, with students playing either a passive or more active role in the learning…

  18. "Mythbusters": A Tool for Teaching Research Methods in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkley, Edward; Burkley, Melissa

    2009-01-01

    "Mythbusters" uses multiple research methods to test interesting topics, offering research methods students an entertaining review of course material. To test the effectiveness of "Mythbusters" clips in a psychology research methods course, we systematically selected and showed 4 clips. Students answered questions about the clips, offered their…

  19. Education in Statistics and Research Design in School Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Steven G.; Lee, Howard B.; Akin-Little, Angeleque

    2003-01-01

    Examines statistics and research design requirements at various levels of school psychology education in the United States. Results indicated more required courses in statistics and research design at the doctoral level. Results are discussed in terms of the importance of statistics and research design competency at all levels of the profession.…

  20. "Mythbusters": A Tool for Teaching Research Methods in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkley, Edward; Burkley, Melissa

    2009-01-01

    "Mythbusters" uses multiple research methods to test interesting topics, offering research methods students an entertaining review of course material. To test the effectiveness of "Mythbusters" clips in a psychology research methods course, we systematically selected and showed 4 clips. Students answered questions about the clips, offered their…

  1. Cultural and Linguistic Diversity Representation in School Psychology Intervention Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarreal, Victor

    2014-01-01

    An understanding of the current intervention research is critical to the adoption of evidence-based practices in the delivery of psychological services; however, the generalizability and utility of intervention research for culturally and linguistically diverse youth may be limited by the types of research samples utilized. This study addresses…

  2. Current developments in environmental psychology : topics and researchers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Werff, Ellen; Perlaviciute, Goda; Muinos, Gabriel

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this special issue is to bring the work of early-career researchers in environmental psychology to the spotlight. These young researchers come from different countries and cultures, have their own theoretical approaches and employ different research methods to increase knowledge on the re

  3. Thinking about Strengthening the Effectiveness of Students' Psychological Health Education in Higher Vocational College%加强高职院校学生心理健康教育实效性的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宾业伟

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, higher vocational college students" psychological abnormal phenomenon has increased and seriously hamper the students" healthy growth. By analyzing students" psychological problems and causes, this article explores effective ways to strengthen vocational college students" psychological health education, in order to enhance the effect of psychological health education in higher vocational colleges.%近年来.高职大学生心理异常现象不断增多,严重妨碍了学生的健康成长。文章通过分析高职生心理问题表现和成因,探索加强高职学生心理健康教育实效性的机制与措施,增强高职院校心理健康教育效果。

  4. Research to Practice in School Psychology: Challenges Ahead and the Role of NASP's "School Psychology Forum"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Steven R.

    2016-01-01

    The goal of "School Psychology Forum" is to promote and disseminate research-to-practice scholarship for the benefit of school psychologists in their clinical practice. This goal has evolved from a desired practice to a mandatory component of any clinical practice. Research to practice is of importance as the concept of evidence-based…

  5. Health psychology in primary care: recent research and future directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thielke S

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Stephen Thielke1, Alexander Thompson2, Richard Stuart31Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Puget Sound VA Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA; 2Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA, USA; 3Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USAAbstract: Over the last decade, research about health psychology in primary care has reiterated its contributions to mental and physical health promotion, and its role in addressing gaps in mental health service delivery. Recent meta-analyses have generated mixed results about the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of health psychology interventions. There have been few studies of health psychology interventions in real-world treatment settings. Several key challenges exist: determining the degree of penetration of health psychology into primary care settings; clarifying the specific roles of health psychologists in integrated care; resolving reimbursement issues; and adapting to the increased prescription of psychotropic medications. Identifying and exploring these issues can help health psychologists and primary care providers to develop the most effective ways of applying psychological principles in primary care settings. In a changing health care landscape, health psychologists must continue to articulate the theories and techniques of health psychology and integrated care, to put their beliefs into practice, and to measure the outcomes of their work.Keywords: health psychology, primary care, integrated care, collaborative care, referral, colocation

  6. A Preliminary Discussion on the Development of Higher Vocational Students’ Psychological Capital%浅谈高职生心理资本的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任丽

    2015-01-01

    文章从积极心理学的角度探讨高职生的心理健康问题,心理健康教育不再只针对“问题人群”,更要面向全体。倡导开发学生的心理资本,用积极的心理因素来预防和抵御心理疾病,并提出了相应的心理资本的开发策略。%The paper discusses the psychological health of higher vocational students from the per‐spective of positive psychology .Education of psychological health not only mainly for the“problem peo‐ple” ,but also for the whole .To advocate development of students’ psychological capital ,use positive psychological elements to prevent and defend psychological diseases and bring up the strategies for devel‐opment of students’ psychological capital .

  7. Informing Policy and Practice in Australia's Vocational Education and Training Sector: Reflections and Futures. Proceedings of the 25th Anniversary Forum of the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, March 21, 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Penelope, Ed.; Loveder, Phil, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    To mark the occasion of its 25th anniversary, the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) brought together policy, industry and academic leaders to reflect on the role that research and statistics have played in the development of Australia's vocational education and training (VET) sector. This publication includes the original…

  8. Analysis on Psychological Crisis and its Interference Measures for Higher Vocational College Students during Substituted Post Exercitation%高职学生顶岗实习期心理危机与干预措施分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖

    2016-01-01

    as one of the hot spots for psychological health education in colleges ,the students’ psy‐chological crisis means the serious imbalance of students psychologically .During the substituted post ex‐ercitation ,many students have psychological crisis of different extents ,which is not beneficial for the students’ practical effect and employment attitude .This paper researches the higher vocational college students’ psychological crisis during substituted post exercitation and its interference measures for refer‐ence .%作为高校心理健康教育的热点之一,学生心理危机是学生心理上所产生的严重失衡。顶岗实习期间,不少学生存在不同程度的心理危机,不利于学生的实习效果、就业态度。文本重点就高职学生顶岗实习期的心理危机及其干预措施进行了研究,以供参考。

  9. The Future of Qualitative Research in Psychology (Special Issue)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demuth, Carolin; Terkildsen, Thomas Schjødt

    2015-01-01

    In May 2014, a workshop on ”The future of qualitative research in psychology” took place at Aalborg University, Department of Communication & Psychology organized by Carolin Demuth. Participants from Aalborg University engaged in a lively exchange with the two invited discussants Svend Brinkmann...... (Aalborg University) and Günter Mey (Stendal University of Applied Science). The discussion started out by addressing the specifics of qualitative research in the field of psychology, its historical development and the perils of recent trends of standardization and neo-positivistic orientations. In light...... of the discrepancy of what could be potentially achieved with qualitative methods for psychological research and how they are actually currently applied, the need was stressed to return to an understanding of qualitative methods as a craft skill and to take into account the subjectivity of the researcher...

  10. Integrative data analysis in clinical psychology research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussong, Andrea M; Curran, Patrick J; Bauer, Daniel J

    2013-01-01

    Integrative data analysis (IDA), a novel framework for conducting the simultaneous analysis of raw data pooled from multiple studies, offers many advantages including economy (i.e., reuse of extant data), power (i.e., large combined sample sizes), the potential to address new questions not answerable by a single contributing study (e.g., combining longitudinal studies to cover a broader swath of the lifespan), and the opportunity to build a more cumulative science (i.e., examining the similarity of effects across studies and potential reasons for dissimilarities). There are also methodological challenges associated with IDA, including the need to account for sampling heterogeneity across studies, to develop commensurate measures across studies, and to account for multiple sources of study differences as they impact hypothesis testing. In this review, we outline potential solutions to these challenges and describe future avenues for developing IDA as a framework for studies in clinical psychology.

  11. Psychological Research in Fibromyalgia: The Search for Explanatory Phenomena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael D Boissevan

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews four areas of psychological research in fibromyalgia. First, the literature on depression in fibromyalgia shows that although the preponderance of studies demonstrate that fibromyalgia patients are more depressed than comparable medical patients, rigorous disconfirming evidence exists. Thus the role of depression in fibromyalgia remains unclear because consistent levels of depression are not found either between samples or between subjects. Second, the role of pain perception in fibromyalgia shows that fibromyalgia patients are consistently more responsive to aversive stimulation than other subjects with chronic pain. This pattern of hyper-responsiveness appears to be generalized, rather than localized to tender points. These results are discussed in terms of potential central nervous system mechanisms. Third, original research in clinical cognitive psychology is presented that shows that fibromyalgia patients do not appear to demonstrate cognitive biases which are distinct from myofascial pain. Although extremely preliminary, these results argue against a unique psychological explanation for fibromyalgia symptoms. Fourth, neuropsychological research demonstrates a pattern of generalized inhibition of information processing that emulates that observed in depressive illness, except that fibromyalgia patients tend not to show the compromise in right hemisphere processing seen in depression. This suggests that cognitive abnormalities in fibromyalgia may be distinct from those seen in depression. The psychological research reviewed suggests that central nervous system anomalies may be implicated in the syndrome of fibromyalgia, but the evidence for motivated or affective psychological involvement in the syndrome remains equivocal. Suggestions are provided for future research.

  12. Transformative, Mixed Methods Checklist for Psychological Research with Mexican Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canales, Genevieve

    2013-01-01

    This is a description of the creation of a research methods tool, the "Transformative, Mixed Methods Checklist for Psychological Research With Mexican Americans." For conducting literature reviews of and planning mixed methods studies with Mexican Americans, it contains evaluative criteria calling for transformative mixed methods, perspectives…

  13. Research Models of the Future for Industrial and Organizational Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Gerald V.

    This paper presents three different aspects of research in industrial and organizational psychology. First, characteristics of major advances in science, and in the social and behavioral sciences are given, including: (1) team research is more common for major advances; and (2) young men under 35 are responsible for many major contributions.…

  14. Transformative, Mixed Methods Checklist for Psychological Research with Mexican Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canales, Genevieve

    2013-01-01

    This is a description of the creation of a research methods tool, the "Transformative, Mixed Methods Checklist for Psychological Research With Mexican Americans." For conducting literature reviews of and planning mixed methods studies with Mexican Americans, it contains evaluative criteria calling for transformative mixed methods, perspectives…

  15. Toward a Framework for Translational Research in School Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Oliver W.

    2017-01-01

    This article addresses a translational research framework for school psychology. Translational research uses outcomes of basic and applied science to enhance the overall well-being of persons. This transdisciplinary framework connects disciplines and uses their resources, capacities, systems, and procedures to advance prevention, intervention, and…

  16. Conducting Science-Based Psychology Research in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinella, Lisa M., Ed.

    2009-01-01

    What are the common pitfalls experienced by school researchers and how can they be avoided? Edited by Lisa M. Dinella of Monmouth University, "Conducting Science-Based Psychology Research in Schools" includes the collective knowledge of both established and emerging names in the field, providing an unparalleled resource for those interested in…

  17. Qualitative research and consumer psychology: alternatives for application

    OpenAIRE

    Velandia Morales, Andrea; López López, Wilson

    2009-01-01

    Qualitative research is a research strategy used to analyze the reality. When applied to consumer psychology, it allows a deeper knowledge about consumer’s behavior and associated emotions and motivations. Qualitative research goes beyond the description of buyers’ behavior and shows information about how and why that behavior is produced.The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how qualitative research is relevant for the knowledge and the understanding of consumers’ behavior and how, thr...

  18. BEHAVIORAL ECONOMICS AND THE NEED OF PSYCHOLOGY IN ECONOMIC RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea GRADINARU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The turning point in economic science has now come, marked especially by triggering the biggest crisis since the Great Depression of '29-'33, has called into question the need to reconsider the status of economic science and finding ways in which it can increase its practical foundations. In the elaboration of this study I’ve took into account the fact that beyond any abstract, formal and mathematical model, economics is a science, having the man in its center. Furthermore, every economic process is based on the human being. But the way individuals behave does not follow precisely the pattern predicted by classical and neoclassical models, but most of the time they are making decisions under the influence of psychological factors. Starting from these assumptions I considered important to highlight a real need for psychology in economic research. Therefore, the aim of this work is exclusively theoretical meant to show that the study of psychological factors is necessary in economic research, because it allows a better explanation of the economic problems and lead to obtaining results closer to reality than those who only take into consideration economic factors. In this way I appealed to behavioral economics. This represents a new trend of economic thinking that reunites psychology with economy. The thing that I observed after finishing the study is that behavioral economics can increase the explanatory power of economics by providing more realistic psychological bases, because human behavior is not only the subject matter of economics but psychology too.

  19. Conducting research in clinical psychology practice: Barriers, facilitators, and recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kirsten V; Thew, Graham R

    2017-09-01

    The combination of clinical psychologists' therapeutic expertise and research training means that they are in an ideal position to be conducting high-quality research projects. However, despite these skills and the documented benefits of research to services and service users, research activity in practice remains low. This article aims to give an overview of the advantages of, and difficulties in conducting research in clinical practice. We reviewed the relevant literature on barriers to research and reflected on our clinical and research experiences in a range of contexts to offer practical recommendations. We considered factors involved in the planning, sourcing support, implementation, and dissemination phases of research, and outline suggestions to improve the feasibility of research projects in post-qualification roles. We suggest that research leadership is particularly important within clinical psychology to ensure the profession's continued visibility and influence within health settings. Clinical implications Emerging evidence suggests that clinical settings that foster research are associated with better patient outcomes. Suggestions to increase the feasibility of research projects in clinical settings are detailed. Limitations The present recommendations are drawn from the authors' practical experience and may need adaptation to individual practitioners' settings. This study does not attempt to assess the efficacy of the strategies suggested. © 2017 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society.

  20. Sample size in psychological research over the past 30 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marszalek, Jacob M; Barber, Carolyn; Kohlhart, Julie; Holmes, Cooper B

    2011-04-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA) Task Force on Statistical Inference was formed in 1996 in response to a growing body of research demonstrating methodological issues that threatened the credibility of psychological research, and made recommendations to address them. One issue was the small, even dramatically inadequate, size of samples used in studies published by leading journals. The present study assessed the progress made since the Task Force's final report in 1999. Sample sizes reported in four leading APA journals in 1955, 1977, 1995, and 2006 were compared using nonparametric statistics, while data from the last two waves were fit to a hierarchical generalized linear growth model for more in-depth analysis. Overall, results indicate that the recommendations for increasing sample sizes have not been integrated in core psychological research, although results slightly vary by field. This and other implications are discussed in the context of current methodological critique and practice.

  1. Introducing Students to Psychological Research: General Psychology as a Laboratory Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thieman, Thomas J.; Clary, E. Gil; Olson, Andrea M.; Dauner, Rachel C.; Ring, Erin E.

    2009-01-01

    For 6 years, we have offered an integrated weekly laboratory focusing on research methods as part of our general psychology course. Through self-report measures and controlled comparisons, we found that laboratory projects significantly increase students' knowledge and comfort level with scientific approaches and concepts, sustain interest in…

  2. Research in culture and psychology: past lessons and future challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossmann, Igor; Na, Jinkyung

    2014-01-01

    Since the dawn of psychology as a science, conceptual and methodological questions have accompanied research at the intersection of culture and psychology. We review some of these questions using two dominant concepts-independent versus interdependent social orientation and analytic versus holistic cognitive style. Studying the relationship between culture and psychology can be difficult due to sampling restrictions and response biases. Since these challenges have been mastered, a wealth of research has accumulated on how culture influences cognition, emotion, and the self. Building on this work, we outline a set of new challenges for culture and psychology. Such challenges include questions about conceptual clarity, within-cultural and subcultural variations (e.g., variations due to social class), differentiation and integration of processes at the group versus individual level of analysis, modeling of how cultural processes unfold over time, and integration of insights from etic and emic methodological approaches. We review emerging work addressing these challenges, proposing that future research on culture and psychology is more exciting than ever. WIREs Cogn Sci 2014, 5:1-14. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1267 CONFLICT OF INTEREST: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest for this article. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.

  3. Seeking quality scientific information for research in Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Colepicolo

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This report aims to present the researcher in Psychology techniques for search and retrieval of information for academic and science research. Is based on my experiences as university librarian and as a doctoral student in Psychology, in a project on scientometry of the Social Skills field.  This goal is to obtain information reliable and with quality to develop research, from sources of online information. Are recommended and described steps to the process of searching for scientific information, with examples from the Social Skills field: defining research topic; applying appropriate search tactics; selecting reliable sources of information and experts on the topic; translating research into the language of the information source; developing an effective search strategy; evaluating the quality and reliability of the obtained items. It is expected that by following these steps, the researcher obtain a coherent corpus with the subject, time saving and quality bibliographic.

  4. Barriers to Implementing Treatment Integrity Procedures in School Psychology Research: Survey of Treatment Outcome Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanetti, Lisa M. Hagermoser; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.

    2012-01-01

    Treatment integrity data are essential to drawing valid conclusions in treatment outcome studies. Such data, however, are not always included in peer-reviewed research articles in school psychology or related fields. To gain a better understanding of why treatment integrity data are lacking in the school psychology research, we surveyed the…

  5. Research Productivity in Top-Ranked Schools in Psychology and Social Work: Research Cultures Do Matter!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holosko, Michael J.; Barner, John R.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: We sought the answer to one major research question--Does psychology have a more defined culture of research than social work? Methods: Using "U.S. News and World Report" 2012 and 2013 rankings, we compared psychology faculty (N = 969) from their 25 top ranked programs with a controlled sample of social work faculty (N = 970)…

  6. Research Productivity in Top-Ranked Schools in Psychology and Social Work: Research Cultures Do Matter!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holosko, Michael J.; Barner, John R.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: We sought the answer to one major research question--Does psychology have a more defined culture of research than social work? Methods: Using "U.S. News and World Report" 2012 and 2013 rankings, we compared psychology faculty (N = 969) from their 25 top ranked programs with a controlled sample of social work faculty (N = 970)…

  7. Barriers to Implementing Treatment Integrity Procedures in School Psychology Research: Survey of Treatment Outcome Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanetti, Lisa M. Hagermoser; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.

    2012-01-01

    Treatment integrity data are essential to drawing valid conclusions in treatment outcome studies. Such data, however, are not always included in peer-reviewed research articles in school psychology or related fields. To gain a better understanding of why treatment integrity data are lacking in the school psychology research, we surveyed the…

  8. Commentary on the Future of Community Psychology: Perspective of a Research Community Psychologist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milburn, Norweeta G

    2016-12-01

    Community psychology is commented upon from the perspective of a community psychologist who was trained in the Community Psychology Program at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Her background and training are reviewed. A brief survey of research on homelessness as a frame for community psychology research is presented. Concluding remarks are provided on the future of research in community psychology.

  9. Dream as a subject of psychological research

    OpenAIRE

    P.A. Egorova,

    2014-01-01

    We discuss the main theoretical concepts of a dream: dream definitions, ideas about its genesis, functions, dream location in the structure of activity. We analyze the similarities and differences between the approaches. The results of empirical studies of adolescent and adult dreams are generalized, dream functions in adolescence are analyzed. Based on the analysis of different approaches, we chose theoretical basis of our own research – A. Leontiev activity theory, L.S. Vygotsky concept, K....

  10. Using Astrology to Teach Research Methods to Introductory Psychology Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Roger A.; Grasha, Anthony F.

    1986-01-01

    Provides a classroom demonstration designed to test an astrological hypothesis and help teach introductory psychology students about research design and data interpretation. Illustrates differences between science and nonscience, the role of theory in developing and testing hypotheses, making comparisons among groups, probability and statistical…

  11. Time series analysis for psychological research: examining and forecasting change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jebb, Andrew T.; Tay, Louis; Wang, Wei; Huang, Qiming

    2015-01-01

    Psychological research has increasingly recognized the importance of integrating temporal dynamics into its theories, and innovations in longitudinal designs and analyses have allowed such theories to be formalized and tested. However, psychological researchers may be relatively unequipped to analyze such data, given its many characteristics and the general complexities involved in longitudinal modeling. The current paper introduces time series analysis to psychological research, an analytic domain that has been essential for understanding and predicting the behavior of variables across many diverse fields. First, the characteristics of time series data are discussed. Second, different time series modeling techniques are surveyed that can address various topics of interest to psychological researchers, including describing the pattern of change in a variable, modeling seasonal effects, assessing the immediate and long-term impact of a salient event, and forecasting future values. To illustrate these methods, an illustrative example based on online job search behavior is used throughout the paper, and a software tutorial in R for these analyses is provided in the Supplementary Materials. PMID:26106341

  12. Research Funding for Psychology and Other Scientific Disciplines: An Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowman, Robert P.

    From 1967 to 1982 federally funded research in psychology became increasingly dependent upon money from the Department of Defense and the Department of Health and Human Services. This is a return to the funding patterns that existed prior to the Korean war. While exact comparisons cannot be made with figures from before 1967 (because of changes in…

  13. Time series analysis for psychological research: examining and forecasting change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jebb, Andrew T; Tay, Louis; Wang, Wei; Huang, Qiming

    2015-01-01

    Psychological research has increasingly recognized the importance of integrating temporal dynamics into its theories, and innovations in longitudinal designs and analyses have allowed such theories to be formalized and tested. However, psychological researchers may be relatively unequipped to analyze such data, given its many characteristics and the general complexities involved in longitudinal modeling. The current paper introduces time series analysis to psychological research, an analytic domain that has been essential for understanding and predicting the behavior of variables across many diverse fields. First, the characteristics of time series data are discussed. Second, different time series modeling techniques are surveyed that can address various topics of interest to psychological researchers, including describing the pattern of change in a variable, modeling seasonal effects, assessing the immediate and long-term impact of a salient event, and forecasting future values. To illustrate these methods, an illustrative example based on online job search behavior is used throughout the paper, and a software tutorial in R for these analyses is provided in the Supplementary Materials.

  14. Integrating Research Ethics into the Introductory Psychology Course Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Celia B.; Kuther, Tara L.

    1997-01-01

    Describes an experiment where faculty at two universities integrated six case studies on research ethics into their introductory psychology curricula. Suggests that students who received the ethics modules were better able to identify and understand moral issues. Includes a statistical analysis of assessment and a brief discussion of instructional…

  15. The Ghosts of Counseling Psychology: Is Counseling Research Really Dead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdock, Nancy L.

    2011-01-01

    Scheel et al. offer an interesting analysis on the publication rate of counseling-related research articles in counseling psychology's two major journals. In this reaction to their work, the author considers various aspects of their results and contemplates possible explanations for the decline of counseling-related publications. The author…

  16. Moving Beyond Complacency to Commitment: Multicultural Research in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spanierman, Lisa B.; Poteat, V. Paul

    2005-01-01

    This reaction addresses the Major Contribution related to multicultural research in counseling psychology. Although the three articles composing the Major Contribution have different foci and may be viewed independently, an implicit proposal inherent within each is the call to move beyond complacency to commitment, a phrase devised by Carter,…

  17. Multilevel Modeling: Overview and Applications to Research in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Jeffrey H.

    2011-01-01

    Multilevel modeling (MLM) is rapidly becoming the standard method of analyzing nested data, for example, data from students within multiple schools, data on multiple clients seen by a smaller number of therapists, and even longitudinal data. Although MLM analyses are likely to increase in frequency in counseling psychology research, many readers…

  18. Guidelines for Meta-Analyses of Counseling Psychology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintana, Stephen M.; Minami, Takuya

    2006-01-01

    This article conceptually describes the steps in conducting quantitative meta-analyses of counseling psychology research with minimal reliance on statistical formulas. The authors identify sources that describe necessary statistical formula for various meta-analytic calculations and describe recent developments in meta-analytic techniques. The…

  19. The Ghosts of Counseling Psychology: Is Counseling Research Really Dead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdock, Nancy L.

    2011-01-01

    Scheel et al. offer an interesting analysis on the publication rate of counseling-related research articles in counseling psychology's two major journals. In this reaction to their work, the author considers various aspects of their results and contemplates possible explanations for the decline of counseling-related publications. The author…

  20. Multilevel Modeling: Overview and Applications to Research in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Jeffrey H.

    2011-01-01

    Multilevel modeling (MLM) is rapidly becoming the standard method of analyzing nested data, for example, data from students within multiple schools, data on multiple clients seen by a smaller number of therapists, and even longitudinal data. Although MLM analyses are likely to increase in frequency in counseling psychology research, many readers…

  1. 影响高职高专学生英语学习的心理因素%The Psychological Factors to Influence Vocational Students' English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳萍

    2012-01-01

    Vocational students arc different from the general undergraduate students in English learning, the most important reason is the psychological factor. As a psychological driving force, the learning Motivation impact directly on learners. Ne- edless to say, a strong intrinsic motivation to learn a foreign language is the key of success.%高职高专学生在英语学习方面与一般大学本科生不同,原因除了学习环境、师资等外部因素之外,最主要的还是心理因素。而作为一种心理驱动力,学习动机直接影响着学习者的英语学习。

  2. Effect size, confidence intervals and statistical power in psychological research.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Téllez A.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Quantitative psychological research is focused on detecting the occurrence of certain population phenomena by analyzing data from a sample, and statistics is a particularly helpful mathematical tool that is used by researchers to evaluate hypotheses and make decisions to accept or reject such hypotheses. In this paper, the various statistical tools in psychological research are reviewed. The limitations of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST and the advantages of using effect size and its respective confidence intervals are explained, as the latter two measurements can provide important information about the results of a study. These measurements also can facilitate data interpretation and easily detect trivial effects, enabling researchers to make decisions in a more clinically relevant fashion. Moreover, it is recommended to establish an appropriate sample size by calculating the optimum statistical power at the moment that the research is designed. Psychological journal editors are encouraged to follow APA recommendations strictly and ask authors of original research studies to report the effect size, its confidence intervals, statistical power and, when required, any measure of clinical significance. Additionally, we must account for the teaching of statistics at the graduate level. At that level, students do not receive sufficient information concerning the importance of using different types of effect sizes and their confidence intervals according to the different types of research designs; instead, most of the information is focused on the various tools of NHST.

  3. Dream as a subject of psychological research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.A. Egorova,

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the main theoretical concepts of a dream: dream definitions, ideas about its genesis, functions, dream location in the structure of activity. We analyze the similarities and differences between the approaches. The results of empirical studies of adolescent and adult dreams are generalized, dream functions in adolescence are analyzed. Based on the analysis of different approaches, we chose theoretical basis of our own research – A. Leontiev activity theory, L.S. Vygotsky concept, K. Lewin's model. We formulated and substantiated the definition of dream as emotionally colored image of the desired future, having a subjective significance. We show the significance and hypotheses of our research: 1 the content of dreams is connected not only with a situation of frustration, but also with the teenager abilities, 2 the dream is involved in regulating of values choice; 3 restoration and development of the ability to dream can be used in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy as an effective tool to help adolescents and adults

  4. GPS Technology and Human Psychological Research: A Methodological Proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro S. A. Wolf

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Animal behaviorists have made extensive use of GPS technology since 1991. In contrast, psychological research has made little use of the technology, even though the technology is relatively inexpensive, familiar, and widespread. Hence, its potential for pure and applied psychological research remains untapped. We describe three methods psychologists could apply to individual differences research, clinical research, or spatial use research. In the context of individual differences research, GPS technology permits us to test hypotheses predicting specific relations among patterns of spatial use and individual differences variables. In a clinical context, GPS technology provides outcome measures that may relate to the outcome of interventions designed to treat psychological disorders that, for example, may leave a person homebound (e.g. Agoraphobia, PTSD, TBI. Finally, GPS technology provides natural measures of spatial use. We, for example, used GPS technology to quantify traffic flow and exhibit use at the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum. Interested parties could easily extend this methodology some aspects of urban planning or business usage.DOI: 10.2458/azu_jmmss.v1i1.74

  5. Needs of physiological and psychological research using artificial gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, M.; Toyobe, M.; Hamami, H.; Tayama, M.; Fujii, T.; Sato, T.; Nitta, K.; Kibe, S.

    In the next century, mankind will expand its activity to the moon and Mars. At that time, humans will be exposed to a low and micro-gravity environment in long term which causes physiological and psychological problems. The authors propose an artificial gravity space station for a research laboratory on human physiology and psychology at various gravity levels. The baseline specifications and the configuration of the space station are shown. Reviewing the history of manned space flight, the necessity of the research on an artificial gravity space station is discussed, including themes of research to be conducted on the station and the application of its results. Technical issues for realization of the space station such as environmental factors, system function and assembly scenario are also discussed.

  6. Validation of the Psychological Research Inventory of Concepts: An Index of Research and Statistical Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veilleux, Jennifer C.; Chapman, Kate M.

    2017-01-01

    The current set of three studies further evaluates the validity and application of the Psychological Research Inventory of Concepts (PRIC). In Study 1, we administered the PRIC to a sample of introductory psychology students and online (Mechanical Turk) participants along with measures assessing theoretically related concepts. We found evidence of…

  7. On the Construction of Developmental Psychological Health Education System in Art Higher Vocational Col-leges%艺术类高职院校发展性心理健康教育体系的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丛丽

    2016-01-01

    艺术类高职大学生心理发展具有自己的独特性.文章通过分析艺术类大学生心理发展特点,在发展性心理健康教育视角下,从教学、活动、咨询、危机干预四个方面探讨了艺术类高职心理健康教育体系的构建.%Art higher vocational colleges' psychological health has its own particularities. Through analyzing the characteristics of art college students' psychological development, from the perspective of developmental psychological health education, this paper ex-plores the construction of art higher vocational psychological health education system from teaching, activity, counseling and crisis intervention.

  8. 利用心理测验对中职学生进行学习心理辅导%Implementing Learning Psychology Counseling for Secondary Vocational Students by Utilizing Psychological Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张言

    2012-01-01

    文章主要是从现实和理论的角度出发,通过心理测验的方法对于影响学生学习的不同的心理因素作出系统指导和训练,从而提高中职学生的心理调控能力和学习的能力,从而实现学生高效率的学习和自觉学习的能力,以达到提高学生学习成绩的近期的目标。%This paper,starting from the perspective of practice and theory,make systematic supervision and training on students' learning psychologies,so as to improve secondary vocational students' psychological control ability and learning ability,and realize efficient learning and autonomous learning of students.

  9. Research in Fiber Optics: Implications for Fiber Optics in Vocational-Technical Education. Final Report 1984-85.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergen County Vocational-Technical High School, Hackensack, NJ.

    This project was conducted to determine the vocational, technical, and scientific skills and knowledge needed to work with the fiber optics applications that are in all areas of technology. A research assistant was hired by the project director to collect data and develop a research base for the project. Information was gathered through a…

  10. Procedural Influence on Internal and External Assessment Scores of Undergraduate Vocational and Technical Education Research Projects in Nigerian Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    A. C., John; Manabete, S. S.

    2015-01-01

    This study sought to determine the procedural influence on internal and external assessment scores of undergraduate research projects in vocational and technical education programmes in the university under study. A survey research design was used for the conduct of this study. The population consisted of 130 lecturers and 1,847 students in the…

  11. Contributions of thinking styles to vocational purpose beyond self-rated abilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li-Fang

    2004-04-01

    The present study predicted vocational purpose from thinking styles, a construct at the interface of intelligence and personality. 233 students majoring in history and computer science from a large research-oriented university in the People's Republic of China completed the Thinking Styles Inventory and the Iowa Vocational Purpose Inventory. The participants also rated their own analytical, creative, and practical abilities. In general, results indicated that thinking styles contributed to vocational purpose beyond self-rated abilities. Specifically, the more creativity-generating and complex thinking styles tended to contribute positively to vocational purpose, whereas the more conforming and simplistic thinking styles tended to contribute negatively to vocational purpose. This article points to the need theoretically for integrating the construct of thinking style into the definition of differential psychology. Practical data argue for a collaborative working relationship between teachers and vocational counselors in institutions of higher education.

  12. A Brief Discussion on the Cultivation of Higher Vocational College Students' Psychological Quality of Entrepreneur-ship%浅谈高职院校大学生创业心理素质培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯军英

    2013-01-01

    Higher vocational college students' entrepreneurship has become a hot topic. Based on summarizing the current situa-tion of contemporary college students' psychological quality of entrepreneurship, this paper focuses on the training contents of college students' psychological quality of entrepreneurship, and proposes its cultivation from the strengthening of higher vocation-al college students' self-confidence in entrepreneurship, etc.%高职院校大学生创业已成为热点话题。本文在总结现代大学生所具备的创业心理品质现状基础上,着重讨论大学生创业心理素质培养的内容,提出从提升高职院校大学生创业自信心等方面进行创业心理素质的培养与塑造。

  13. International Conference on Recent Research and Development in Vocational Education (Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, March 12-19, 1989). Additional Papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TAFE National Centre for Research and Development, Payneham (Australia).

    The conference recorded in this document covered a wide variety of themes and consisted of keynote addresses, research presentations, and workshops. The following keynote addresses are include: "Some Recent TAFE National Centre Research and Development in Australian Vocational Education" (Hall); "Vocational Teacher Education:…

  14. Integrating psychological research on girls with feminist activism: a model for building a liberation psychology in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Kathryn E; Finkelstein, Jo-Ann S; Lyons, Aoife L

    2003-03-01

    A liberation psychology is needed to bridge the gap between psychology's focus on individual distress and broad social forces that foster such distress. We offer a model for bridging this gap by focusing on a specific area of psychology (psychological research on girls) and a specific social movement (feminist activism). Psychological research on girls and feminist activism share the common goal of improving the lives of girls and women. However, both have fallen short of this goal. This is due, in part, to the weaknesses associated with each endeavor and to the fact that the complementary strengths of each have remained isolated from the other. In this paper, we propose a common language and shared framework to integrate psychological research with feminist activism. First, we review the basic strengths and weaknesses associated with psychological research and feminist activism, with a particular focus on how they are distinct from one another. Second, we provide a taxonomic framework for integrating these two areas on the basis of the stress paradigm, with specific examples provided from our recent reviews of the literature and our own empirical work with adolescent girls. Finally, we conclude with recommendations for future work needed to integrate psychological research on girls with feminist activism toward the goal of building a liberation psychology in the United States.

  15. Few notes on conducting cultural comparisons in psychological research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Václav Linkov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Some problems of conducting cultural comparisons in psychological research are mentioned. First, the constructs and methods used often don't tell anything meaningful about cultures in question - as if we used temperature (construct and thermomether (method to compare water and nitrogen. Often, method developed to measure construct meaningful in culture A (or construct meaningful for comparison between culture A and other cultures is used to compare cultures B and C. As a result, the used method might measure something, which is relevant only for some of the compared cultures, or is not meaningful for such cultural comparison at all - cultures B and C might look similar when construct meaningful for description of difference between cultures A and D is used. Second, groups not being represented in academia in countries in question (often indigenous groups in these countries are often omitted from research. Researchers from some countries might be motivated to don't mention such groups in the published research. Third, researchers often generalize developed constructs and results to larger groups than they have actually knowledge and understanding about. Chauvinist idea that one's own culture is representative for geographically close cultures might be behind this behavior as well as pragmatic idea that the research stating its results to be valid for larger group of people has larger chance to be published. Fourth, constructs and methods developed by these types of research are published in psychological journals, which ignore these issues. Before preparing a cultural-comparative research it is recommended to get good knowledge about cultures in question and use this knowledge to judge meaningfulness of constructs used in psychological research. If there are no meaningful constructs for description of differences between cultures in question, it is better to develop a new construct.

  16. Revisioning Clinical Psychology: Integrating Cultural Psychology into Clinical Research and Practice with Portuguese Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Susan; Harris, Sara; Foster, Gary; Clarke, Juanne; Gadermann, Anne; Morrison, Marie; Bezanson, Birdie Jane

    2013-01-01

    This article outlines a model for conducting psychotherapy with people of diverse cultural backgrounds. The theoretical foundation for the model is based on clinical and cultural psychology. Cultural psychology integrates psychology and anthropology in order to provide a complex understanding of both culture and the individual within his or her cultural context. The model proposed in this article is also based on our clinical experience and mixed-method research with the Portuguese community. The model demonstrates its value with ethnic minority clients by situating the clients within the context of their multi-layered social reality. The individual, familial, socio-cultural, and religio-moral domains are explored in two research projects, revealing the interrelation of these levels/contexts. The article is structured according to these domains. Study 1 is a quantitative study that validates the Agonias Questionnaire in Ontario. The results of this study are used to illustrate the individual domain of our proposed model. Study 2 is an ethnography conducted in the Azorean Islands, and the results of this study are integrated to illustrate the other three levels of the model, namely family, socio-cultural, and the religio-moral levels. PMID:23720642

  17. Food, health and psychology: competing recipes for research and understanding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, John L

    2004-07-01

    Mainstream and post-postivist approaches to psychological research are compared with regard to healthy eating and eating disorders. The tendency of the mainstream operationally to define key concepts is contrasted with the post-positive preference for conceptual analysis and an example of this is considered in relation to theory of planned behaviour research. The reason why the search for a causal mechanism for major eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa has proved unfruitful becomes transparent once the phenomena are construed as action, as opposed to behaviour. Some of the methodological problems and issues arising within the post-positivist approaches are discussed using illustrative examples of autoethnographic research into eating episodes.

  18. Biobanking — a new environment for psychological research and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryzgalina Elena V.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Biobanking is an emerging medical, research, and social institution that has many im- plications for psychological science and practice. The bibliographic study of abstracts and full text articles retrieved from major databases (PsycInfo, PubMed, EBSCO, SAgE indicates that the role of psychology in the establishment and functioning of biobanks is not well articulated. Two promising directions of biobank-based studies are concerned with studies of risk factors for various disorders and with genetic and epigenetic mecha- nisms of psychological and behavioral trait development, and are closely tied to a devel- oping model of a new “personalized” medicine. It is important to carefully select the psy- chological variables and measurements, with consideration of their suitability for genetic studies, possibilities for networking and sharing of results, economic limitations, and biobank purposes. Of special importance is a systemic foundation of mental functions that requires not only the assessment of efficacy, but also the search for simple, natural, and objectively observable components. Applied tasks of professional psychologists in the field of biobanking can be defined, such as donor selection and management of ethi- cal issues. As a new technology, biobanking poses several challenges to society and the individual that need to be studied in order to prevent misuse and to earn the public trust. The hidden dangers of eugenics-like ideas, of consumer practices with genetic products, and of over-emphasis on human enhancement are particularly stressed. We conclude that while biobanks represent a promising and fertile ground for psychological research and applications, there is a need for a comprehensive psychology of biobanking to make them fruitful.

  19. Educating to Tolerance: Effects of Communicating Social Psychology Research Findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Barbera, Francesco

    2015-08-01

    The effect of communicating social psychology research findings on ingroup bias in a classroom setting has been investigated. Two hundred and twenty one high school students either read or did not read a brief report about three classical social psychological studies, then completed evaluation scales for the ingroup and the outgroup. Participants' motivation was manipulated, and the messages were different as regards the congruency between the content and participants' actual intergroup experience. Results showed that communication exerted a significant effect in reducing ingroup bias for participants in the high motivation/high congruency condition, that is, the communication effect was moderated by the individual's level of motivation and the content of the arguments proposed in the report. Practical implications of results for education work and stereotype change, limitations of the study, as well as possible directions for future research are discussed.

  20. Educating to Tolerance: Effects of Communicating Social Psychology Research Findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco La Barbera

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The effect of communicating social psychology research findings on ingroup bias in a classroom setting has been investigated. Two hundred and twenty one high school students either read or did not read a brief report about three classical social psychological studies, then completed evaluation scales for the ingroup and the outgroup. Participants’ motivation was manipulated, and the messages were different as regards the congruency between the content and participants’ actual intergroup experience. Results showed that communication exerted a significant effect in reducing ingroup bias for participants in the high motivation/high congruency condition, that is, the communication effect was moderated by the individual’s level of motivation and the content of the arguments proposed in the report. Practical implications of results for education work and stereotype change, limitations of the study, as well as possible directions for future research are discussed.

  1. Sustainability in Higher Education:Psychological Research for Effective Pedagogy

    OpenAIRE

    Myers, Olin Eugene; Beringer, Almut

    2010-01-01

    Psychological theory and research can make key contributions to sustainability scholarship and practice, as is demonstrated here in the field of higher education pedagogy. College students undergo profound changes in epistemological assumptions and in identity during their undergraduate years. Data on the Measure of Intellectual Development for students participating in learner-centred pedagogies at Western Washington University in Bellingham, Washington, showed a trend toward more complex th...

  2. 秉承正则理念关爱学生心灵--高职高专家庭经济困难学生心理疏导的思考%Inheriting justice and caring mind- Reflections on the psychological counseling for financial-need students at higher vocational college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程媛媛

    2014-01-01

    分析思想政治教育视角下高职高专家庭经济困难学生心理疏导的必要性,以“秉承正则理念、关爱学生心灵”为主线,依托团体心理辅导协会和志愿者服务队伍,从“知、帮、建、辅”四方面入手,探讨高职高专家庭经济困难学生心理疏导的实施途径。%Based on the domestic scholars’existing researches on the psychological counseling of poor students from the perspective of ideological and political education,this thesis analyzes the necessity of higher vocational college students’ psychological counseling in order to probe into and discuss the ways of implementing the psychological counseling for the higher vocational college students.psychological counseling should be centered on “inheriting justice and law and caring mind”,group counseling work and construction of volunteer service team.

  3. Gaze and eye-tracking solutions for psychological research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mele, Maria Laura; Federici, Stefano

    2012-08-01

    Eye-tracking technology is a growing field used to detect eye movements and analyze human processing of visual information for interactive and diagnostic applications. Different domains in scientific research such as neuroscience, experimental psychology, computer science and human factors can benefit from eye-tracking methods and techniques to unobtrusively investigate the quantitative evidence underlying visual processes. In order to meet the experimental requirements concerning the variety of application fields, different gaze- and eye-tracking solutions using high-speed cameras are being developed (e.g., eye-tracking glasses, head-mounted or desk-mounted systems), which are also compatible with other analysis devices such as magnetic resonance imaging. This work presents an overview of the main application fields of eye-tracking methodology in psychological research. In particular, two innovative solutions will be shown: (1) the SMI RED-M eye-tracker, a high performance portable remote eye-tracker suitable for different settings, that requires maximum mobility and flexibility; (2) a wearable mobile gaze-tracking device--the SMI eye-tracking glasses--which is suitable for real-world and virtual environment research. For each kind of technology, the functions and different possibilities of application in experimental psychology will be described by focusing on some examples of experimental tasks (i.e., visual search, reading, natural tasks, scene viewing and other information processing) and theoretical approaches (e.g., embodied cognition).

  4. International psychological research that matters for policy and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torney-Purta, Judith V

    2009-11-01

    After a brief history of the Committee on International Relations of the American Psychological Association, 3 points are made about international psychological research that matters. First, it matters when the definition of the research problem area and the findings can potentially be reflected in policy change, in the practice of educators or psychologists, or in the mindsets of a new generation of researchers. Person-centered analysis of adolescents' social and political attitudes has this potential and can complement variable-centered analysis. A cluster analysis of the IEA Civic Education Study's data in 5 Western European and 5 Eastern European countries illustrates this. The following 5 clusters of adolescents were identified: those supportive of social justice but not participative, those active in conventional politics and the community, those indifferent, those disaffected, and a problematic cluster of alienated adolescents. Second, research that matters is situated in a cultural context. It is proposed that publications using data from any single country be required to include information about the cultural context in which the research was conducted. Finally, it matters that attention be given to the dynamics of the collaborative international research process, not only to research results.

  5. 高职院校学生积极心理状态的培养与形成的研究%Study on the Cultivation and Formation of Vocational College Students’Positive Psychological State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚俊红; 王军利

    2015-01-01

    Students’positive psychology of vocational schools help to enhance their awareness of humane care and student mental toughness, prevent mental diseases, and promote the harmonious development of physical and mental health. With the positive psychological factors of students in vocational colleges as a breakthrough point, through analyses to the positive learning psychology, the subjective well-being of students and the impact of a positive emotional experience for the formation of students positive psychology, the related factors to enhance students’positive psychology are explored;combined with vocational colleges student's own psychological and physiological characteristics, and on this basis a comprehensive innovation is proposed and the proposals and suggestions of the cultivation and formation of vocational college students’ positive psychology are put forward.%高职院校学生积极心理的培养有助于增强学生的人文关怀意识和学生的心理韧性,预防心理疾病,促进身心健康和谐发展。以高职院校学生积极心理形成因素为切入点,通过分析学生积极学习心理、主观幸福感、积极情绪体验对学生积极心理形成的影响,探究增强学生积极心理的相关因子,结合高职院校学生自身的心理和生理特点,并在此基础上进行综合创新,提出高职院校学生积极心理培养与形成的方案和建议。

  6. Scientific research in school psychology: Leading researchers weigh in on its past, present, and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Kent; Martinez, Rebecca S; Ty, Sophie V; McClain, Maryellen B

    2013-06-01

    A survey of established researchers in school psychology was conducted to reflect on the state of the science of school psychology research. A total of 54 members of the Society for the Study of School Psychology shared their perceptions of (a) the most significant findings of the past 25years that have influenced research and practice in school psychology, (b) current, exciting research topics, and (c) topics that are likely to guide the future of research in school psychology. Qualitative analyses revealed 6 major categories and 17 minor categories within the major categories. Four major categories were present across each of the three time periods: (a) Data-Informed Practices and their Implementation, (b) Theory Development, (c) Changing Role and Function, and (d) Biological Bases of Behavior. Additional major categories included Advances in Research Methodology and Psychometrics (found across past and present time periods) and There is Not One Single Most Important Idea (found during only the past time period). Quotations are provided to illustrate these categories and share the respondents' ideas in their own words. Copyright © 2013 Society for the Study of School Psychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nauta, Margaret M.

    2010-01-01

    This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By…

  8. The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nauta, Margaret M.

    2010-01-01

    This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By…

  9. Forensic Psychology in Disability Adjudication: A Decade of Experience. Vocational Experts in the Bureau of Hearings and Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannings, Robert B., Ed.; And Others

    The monograph has been arranged to offer the reader maximum insight into not only the role of the Vocational Expert, but his role when viewed as one factor interdependent with several others in the total context of the adjudicative process of the Social Security disability program. Emphasis is given to its genesis and evaluation, emphasizing the…

  10. Mathematics in Vocational Education: Revisiting a Developmental Research Project, Analysis of One Development Research Project about the Integration of Mathematics in Vocational Subjects in Upper Secondary Education in Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindberg, Lisbeth; Grevholm, Barbro

    2011-01-01

    In this article we describe and discuss the analyses of a developmental research project that took place in Sweden during 1998 to 2002. We carried out four different analyses in order to explore the learning outcomes from the project that could inform long term curriculum change and teacher collaboration in vocational education in Sweden. The…

  11. 高职课堂中基于学习共同体的教学模式研究%Research on Learning Community Based Teaching Model in Higher Vocational Education Classroom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘阁; 王鸿雁

    2015-01-01

    From a perspective of psychology, we analyzed the learning psychology characteristics of students in higher vocational education. In the viewpoint of educational ecology, we analyzed the ecological properties of classroom learning community. Furthermore, we researched the teaching model based on learning community in higher vocational education classroom from the aspects of ecological formation, ecological organization and management, ecological evaluation of learning community in higher vocational education classroom.%本文从心理学的角度分析了高职学生的学习心理特点,从教育生态学的角度分析了课堂学习共同体的生态属性,并从高职课堂学习共同体的生态组建、生态组织管理和生态评价三个方面对高职课堂中基于学习共同体的教学模式进行了研究。

  12. The Utility of Template Analysis in Qualitative Psychology Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Joanna; McCluskey, Serena; Turley, Emma; King, Nigel

    2015-04-03

    Thematic analysis is widely used in qualitative psychology research, and in this article, we present a particular style of thematic analysis known as Template Analysis. We outline the technique and consider its epistemological position, then describe three case studies of research projects which employed Template Analysis to illustrate the diverse ways it can be used. Our first case study illustrates how the technique was employed in data analysis undertaken by a team of researchers in a large-scale qualitative research project. Our second example demonstrates how a qualitative study that set out to build on mainstream theory made use of the a priori themes (themes determined in advance of coding) permitted in Template Analysis. Our final case study shows how Template Analysis can be used from an interpretative phenomenological stance. We highlight the distinctive features of this style of thematic analysis, discuss the kind of research where it may be particularly appropriate, and consider possible limitations of the technique. We conclude that Template Analysis is a flexible form of thematic analysis with real utility in qualitative psychology research.

  13. Mixed Methods Research in School Psychology: A Mixed Methods Investigation of Trends in the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Heather; Mihalas, Stephanie; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Suldo, Shannon; Daley, Christine E.

    2008-01-01

    This article illustrates the utility of mixed methods research (i.e., combining quantitative and qualitative techniques) to the field of school psychology. First, the use of mixed methods approaches in school psychology practice is discussed. Second, the mixed methods research process is described in terms of school psychology research. Third, the…

  14. Mixed Methods Research in School Psychology: A Mixed Methods Investigation of Trends in the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Heather; Mihalas, Stephanie; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Suldo, Shannon; Daley, Christine E.

    2008-01-01

    This article illustrates the utility of mixed methods research (i.e., combining quantitative and qualitative techniques) to the field of school psychology. First, the use of mixed methods approaches in school psychology practice is discussed. Second, the mixed methods research process is described in terms of school psychology research. Third, the…

  15. The Psychological Problems and Counseling Strategies of Vocational College Students’ Internship%顶岗实习中高职生的心理问题及其辅导方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹艳荣

    2015-01-01

    Internship is an essential part of the vocational college students’ learning career, as well as a transition from school to work. In their internship, vocational college students have some psychological problems such as role ambiguity, ideal and reality gap, and interpersonal confusions. The current psychological counseling strategies in the internship cannot completely solve these problems, and it is needed to introduce psychological counseling teachers directly into different stages of internship. Psychological counseling teachers should develop different psychological counseling programs according to students’ grades, majors and their internship stages. In this way, the teachers can help students carry out specific psychological counseling, solve their psychological problems and improve their psychological bearing capacity.%顶岗实习是高职学生学习生涯中必不可少的一部分,也是其由学校走向工作岗位的过渡期,这一时期是否顺利渡过直接影响毕业后的工作质量。高职学生在顶岗实习期间遇到的一些心理问题,但当前高职院校顶岗实习的心理辅导方法存在不足,应该实施将心理辅导教师引入顶岗实习中的心理辅导策略。

  16. Study on Students' Psychological Health Education at Higher Vocational Colleges%高职高专学生心理健康教育工作探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨功楠

    2016-01-01

    近年来,高学历人才与日俱增,给高职高专院校学生带来了巨大的竞争压力,致使高职高专院校学生心理问题不断凸显。以昆明冶金高等专科学校为例,从学生心理健康状况及教育现状入手,分析心理健康状况和教育现状形成的原因,并提出改进高职高专院校学生心理健康教育工作的建议和措施。%In recent years,the increasing personnel with high academic degrees places great competitive pressure on vocational college students,bringing about their psychological problems constantly.Taking Kunming Metallurgy College as an example,this paper starts from students' psychological health status and education status,analyzes the causes and puts forward suggestions and measures to improve students'psychological health education.

  17. Integrating positive psychology into health-related quality of life research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Crystal L

    2015-07-01

    Positive psychology is an increasingly influential force in theory and research within psychology and many related fields, including behavioral medicine, sociology, and public health. This article aims to review the ways in which positive psychology and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) research currently interface and to suggest fruitful future directions. This article reviews the basic elements of positive psychology and provides an overview of conceptual and empirical links between positive psychology and HRQOL. The role of one central aspect of positive psychology (meaning) within HRQOL is highlighted, and unresolved issues (e.g., lack of definitional clarity) are discussed. Some research on HRQOL has taken a positive psychology perspective, demonstrating the usefulness of taking a positive psychology approach. However, many areas await integration. Once conceptual and methodological issues are resolved, positive psychology may profitably inform many aspects of HRQOL research and, perhaps, clinical interventions to promote HRQOL as well.

  18. Can Psychological Expectation Models Be Adapted for Placebo Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rief, Winfried; Petrie, Keith J

    2016-01-01

    Placebo responses contribute substantially to the effect and clinical outcome of medical treatments. Patients' expectations have been identified as one of the major mechanisms contributing to placebo effects. However, to date a general theoretical framework to better understand how patient expectations interact with features of medical treatment has not been developed. In this paper we outline an expectation model that can be used as framework for experimental studies on both placebo and nocebo mechanisms. This model is based on psychological concepts of expectation development, expectation maintenance, and expectation change within the typical paradigms used in placebo research. This theoretical framework reflects the dynamic aspects of the interaction between expectations and medical treatment, and offers a platform to combine psychological and neurophysiological research activities. Moreover, this model can be used to identify important future research questions. For example, we argue that the dynamic processes of expectation maintenance vs. expectation changes are not sufficiently addressed in current research on placebo mechanisms. Therefore, the question about how to change and optimize patients' expectations prior to treatment should be a special focus of future clinical research.

  19. Qualitative research and consumer psychology: alternatives for application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Velandia Morales

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Qualitative research is a research strategy used to analyze the reality. When applied to consumer psychology, it allows a deeper knowledge about consumer’s behavior and associated emotions and motivations. Qualitative research goes beyond the description of buyers’ behavior and shows information about how and why that behavior is produced.The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how qualitative research is relevant for the knowledge and the understanding of consumers’ behavior and how, through its techniques, it approaches the consumer’s socio-cultural reality and provides an interpretation of it. The present paper resumes the key aspects of qualitative research, mentioning its related antecedents of its contributions to the marketing and explaining the four most applied techniques in consumer psychology (interviews, focus group, ethnography and observation; moreover, it also studies the way to carry them out and gives some examples of some of the market issues which it can analyze. Finally, we take up again the qualitative data analysis as one of the most relevant topics because it produces important information for the decision making process related to the consumer. In addition, we explain the steps, strategies, types and technological tools to carry it out.

  20. Vocational Education and Training in Tanzania and Zimbabwe in the Context of Economic Reform. Education Research Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennell, Paul; Bendera, Shane; Kanyenze, Godfrey; Kimambo, Emrode; Kiwia, Sixtus; Mbiriyakura, Tichafa; Mukyanuzi, Faustin; Munetsi, N.; Muzulu, Jo; Parsalaw, Willy; Temu, John

    Developments in vocational education and training (VET) in Tanzania and Zimbabwe since the 1980s were examined in the context of economic reform. Formal VET provision in each country's public and private sectors was reviewed, and case studies of one firm in each country's manufacturing and tourism industries were conducted. The research identified…

  1. Vocations: The Link between Post-Compulsory Education and the Labour Market. What the Research Says For... Government & Policy-Makers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelahan, Leesa; Buchanan, John; Yu, Serena

    2015-01-01

    This summary brings together the relevant key findings for government and policy-makers from the research program "Vocations: The Link between Post-Compulsory Education and the Labour Market." The program was comprised of three different strands: (1) pathways from VET in Schools, (2) pathways within and between vocational education and…

  2. International Conference on Recent Research and Development in Vocational Education (Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, March 12-19, 1989). Conference Papers. Volume 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TAFE National Centre for Research and Development, Payneham (Australia).

    The conference recorded in this document covered a wide variety of themes and consisted of keynote addresses, research presentations, and workshops. The following workshop presentations are included: "Vocational Education in a Developing Country" (Theron); "From the Technical to the Critical: A New Agenda for Vocational Education…

  3. Research on the Practice of Psychological Counseling for Students with Disabilities in Special Colleges:A Case Study on Zhejiang Vocational College for Special Educa-tion%特殊院校残疾学生心理辅导实践研究--以浙江特殊教育职业学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱淑女

    2013-01-01

    特殊院校的残疾学生存在自卑、敏感、人际交往障碍等问题,心理问题具有特殊性,由于生理缺陷,有焦虑抑郁自杀倾向的比例较高,需要学校予以高度重视,并根据残疾学生的心理特点针对性地开展有效的心理教育和辅导工作,提高心理教育的实效性,帮助学生树立信心,降低残疾学生严重心理问题发生率,毕业后能以更好的姿态融入社会。%Students with disabilities in special colleges have spe-cial psychological problems, which should attract important at-tention from school administrators, who should improve the effi-ciency of psychological counseling in accordance with the psy-chological characteristics of students with disabilities, so as to help them establish self-confidence and better integrate into the society.

  4. 高职生沉迷网络游戏的调查研究及心理因素探析%An Investigation and Analysis of Psychological Factors on Internet Game Addiction of Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐玲; 邵国超

    2015-01-01

    Along with the network technology and the Internet game industry prosperous development, Internet game addiction is increas⁃ingly significant. Presently, college students’especially higher vocational college students’Internet game addiction is behaved so that high⁃light particularly. In the study, we investigate the present status of Internet game addiction, totally 400 higher vocational college students were measured with the scale, and analysis the data. Then, we interviewed the students of Internet game addiction, and try to analysis the psychological factors of Internet game addiction.

  5. Application of Managerial Psychology Theory in Practice of Higher Vocational Students' Education%管理心理学理论在高职学生教育实践中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史少伟

    2012-01-01

    The application of managerial psychology theory is discussed,including need theory,expectancy theory and equity theory in the practice of higher vocational students' education,which has a strong guidance meaning for higher vocational students' education at present.%本文探讨了管理心理学中需要理论、期望理论和公平理论在高职学生教育实践中的运用,对目前高职学生的教育工作具有较强的指导意义。

  6. The decade 1989-1998 in Spanish psychology: an analysis of research in basic psychological processes, history of psychology, and other related topics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igoa, J M

    2001-11-01

    This article presents a review of research published by Spanish Faculty from the area of basic psychology in the decade 1989-1998. It provides information about research on basic psychological processes commonly studied under the labels of experimental and cognitive psychology, plus a number of topics from other research areas, including some applied psychology issues. The review analyzes the work of 241 faculty members from 27 different Spanish universities, as reflected in 1,882 published papers, book chapters, and books. The analyses carried out in this report include a description of the main research trends found in each area, with some representative references of the published materials, and statistics showing the distribution of this research work in various relevant publications (both Spanish and foreign), with figures that reveal the impact of this work both at a national and international scale.

  7. The Methodology of Psychological Research of Ecological Consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina A. Shmeleva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the methodological principles of the psychological study of ecological consciousness as one of the urgent interdisciplinary problems of XX–XXI century, caused by the aggravation of global ecological problems and the need for the realization of the “sustainable development”ideas. Ecological consciousness is considered as multilayered, dynamic, reflexive element of human consciousness, incorporating multivariate, holistic aspects of interaction of the human being as the H.S. and the Humanity representative with the environment and the Planet. The possibility of the more active introduction of Russian psychology in the process is argued for in connection with the existing conceptual approaches, which compose the methodological basis for ecological consciousness research. Among these approaches are considered: the principles of holistic study of the human being by B. Ananyev, the methodology of system psychological description by V. Gansen and G. Sukhodolsky, the idea of reflexivity of consciousness by S. Rubinstein, the humanitarian- ecological imperative of the development of consciousness by V. Zinchenko, the theory of relations by V. Myasishev, consideration of ecological consciousness as relation to nature by S. Deryabo and V. Yasvin, theories of consciousness by V. Petrenko, V. Allakhverdov and other Russian psychologists. The value component of ecological consciousness is distinguished as the most significant. The possibility of applying the Values’ theory of the by S. Schwartz for studying the ecological values is discussed along with the prognostic potential of the universalism value.

  8. Anthropocentric and theocentric spirituality as an object of psychological research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaworski Romuald

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The characteristic direction of psychological and theological interpretations of spirituality is very important. The traditional psychological approach to the spiritual sphere is characterised by reductionism, which consists in reducing spiritual experiences to mental experiences, or even biological processes. The studies in the field of religion psychology led to distinguish between two types of spirituality. The first one is theocentric spirituality, where human being places God in the centre of his interest and life in general. The second type of spirituality is anthropocentric spirituality, focused on human being, his own aspirations, preferences and needs. Both types of spirituality have certain value. Their close characteristics includes sources of inspiration, purpose, presented image of God, as well as understanding of spirituality and manner of realizing spiritual life. In order to distinguish between two types of spirituality, anthropocentric and theocentric, in practice, a proper research method – Range of Theocentric and Anthropocentric Spirituality (SDT – DA had to be developed. The individuals with theocentric spirituality displayed a higher level of stability and emotional balance, better social adjustment, higher sense of duty and attachment to acceptable social standards, deeper and more satisfactory contacts with other human beings, more trust and openness towards others, as well as higher trust to themselves and to God. Such individuals are better at handling difficulties and have optimistic attitude to life.

  9. The Quality of the Evidence: Qualitative Research in Trauma Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Mattar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of evidence-based practices with underprivileged groups and non-Western cultures has been a subject of controversy in the trauma psychology and disaster mental health literature. There has been a debate as to whether evidence based assessments and interventions work equally well for diverse populations. Resolving this controversy has been difficult in part because of the methodological challenges involved in the study of cultural mediation of psychological phenomena. The authors argue that adding qualitative research to the evidence base supporting trauma treatments, as a matter of standard practice, can fill this need. Qualitative research can provide a rigorous research basis for the identification of cultural factors to be accounted for in quantitative outcome studies, as well as a rigorous means of understanding the real-world meaning of quantitative outcome findings. This would address Evidence-based practices (EBP advocates’ concerns about the unscientific nature of the multicultural literature’s critique, and multiculturalism advocate’s concerns about the lack of contextualism in EBP outcome studies of trauma treatments.

  10. Current Institutional Trends in Research Productivity in Counseling Psychology Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diegelman, Nathan M.; Uffelman, Rachel A.; Wagner, Kimberly S.; Diegelman, Sally A.

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated institutional publication activity in counseling psychology journals for the 10-year period from 1993 to 2002. Four journals reported by counseling psychology training directors as prime publication outlets for the field of counseling psychology were used: "Journal of Counseling Psychology," "The Counseling Psychologist,"…

  11. Quantitative Psychology Research : The 80th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Beijing, 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Ark, L.A.; Bolt, D.M.; Wang, W.-C.; Douglas, J.A.; Wiberg, M.

    2016-01-01

    The research articles in this volume cover timely quantitative psychology topics, including new methods in item response theory, computerized adaptive testing, cognitive diagnostic modeling, and psychological scaling. Topics within general quantitative methodology include structural equation

  12. Qualitative research in multicultural psychology: philosophical underpinnings, popular approaches, and ethical considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponterotto, Joseph G

    2010-10-01

    This article reviews the current and emerging status of qualitative research in psychology. The particular value of diverse philosophical paradigms and varied inquiry approaches to the advancement of psychology generally, and multicultural psychology specifically, is emphasized. Three specific qualitative inquiry approaches anchored in diverse philosophical research paradigms are highlighted: consensual qualitative research, grounded theory, and participatory action research. The article concludes by highlighting important ethical considerations in multicultural qualitative research. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved.

  13. A practical guide to big data research in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Eric Evan; Wojcik, Sean P

    2016-12-01

    The massive volume of data that now covers a wide variety of human behaviors offers researchers in psychology an unprecedented opportunity to conduct innovative theory- and data-driven field research. This article is a practical guide to conducting big data research, covering data management, acquisition, processing, and analytics (including key supervised and unsupervised learning data mining methods). It is accompanied by walkthrough tutorials on data acquisition, text analysis with latent Dirichlet allocation topic modeling, and classification with support vector machines. Big data practitioners in academia, industry, and the community have built a comprehensive base of tools and knowledge that makes big data research accessible to researchers in a broad range of fields. However, big data research does require knowledge of software programming and a different analytical mindset. For those willing to acquire the requisite skills, innovative analyses of unexpected or previously untapped data sources can offer fresh ways to develop, test, and extend theories. When conducted with care and respect, big data research can become an essential complement to traditional research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  14. Applying the cube model to pediatric psychology: development of research competency skills at the doctoral level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madan-Swain, Avi; Hankins, Shirley L; Gilliam, Margaux Barnes; Ross, Kelly; Reynolds, Nina; Milby, Jesse; Schwebel, David C

    2012-03-01

    This article considers the development of research competencies in professional psychology and how that movement might be applied to training in pediatric psychology. The field of pediatric psychology has a short but rich history, and experts have identified critical competencies. However, pediatric psychology has not yet detailed a set of research-based competencies. This article initially reviews the competency initiative in professional psychology, including the cube model as it relates to research training. Next, we review and adapt the knowledge-based/foundational and applied/functional research competencies proposed by health psychology into a cube model for pediatric psychology. We focus especially on graduate-level training but allude to its application throughout professional development. We present the cube model as it is currently being applied to the development of a systematic research competency evaluation for graduate training at our medical/clinical psychology doctoral program at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Based on the review and synthesis of the literature on research competency in professional psychology we propose future initiatives to develop these competencies for the field of pediatric psychology. The cube model can be successfully applied to the development of research training competencies in pediatric psychology. Future research should address the development, implementation, and assessment of the research competencies for training and career development of future pediatric psychologists.

  15. Time Management Application Research of Scientific Research Projects in Higher Vocational Education%高职科研项目时间管理应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈李萍

    2016-01-01

    在高职科研项目实施过程中,科研时间浪费及结题延误现象时有发生,将时间管理引入高职院校的科研项目管理,有助于按时保质完成科研项目。文章首先介绍科研项目时间管理理论,然后阐述目前高职科研项目时间管理存在的问题,接着提出做好时间管理的措施,可为高职科研项目负责人提高项目绩效提供参考。%It often occurs the phenomenon of time waste and delay in the process of scientific research projects in higher vocational colleges, so the introduction of time management into the management of scientific research projects in higher vocational colleges will help to complete the scientific research projects on time and quality. The article firstly introduces the scientific research project time management theory, then expounds the problems existing in the time management of scientific research projects in higher vocational colleges, and finally puts forward the measures of time management, which can provide reference for improving project performance of scientific research project in higher vocational colleges.

  16. The Relationship between Childhood Psychological Abuse and Neglect and Self Injurious Behavior of Students in Higher Vocational Colleges%童年心理虐待与忽视和高职生自伤行为的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代辰旭; 张野; 张珊珊; 李紫糸

    2016-01-01

    为了研究童年心理虐待与忽视和高职生自伤行为的关系,采用儿童心理虐待与忽视量表和青少年自我伤害问卷对辽宁省某职业技术学校的730名高职生进行调查,结果表明:大部分高职生存在心理虐待与忽视和自伤行为,性别、生源地、独生子女均存在显著性差异;二者呈正相关,且自伤行为可以解释童年心理虐待与忽视。文章对心理虐待与忽视和自伤行为的原因进行分析,并从不同角度提出对策。%In order to study the relationship between childhood psychological abuse and neglect and the self injurious behavior of students in higher vocational colleges, the child psychological abuse and neglect scale and adolescent self harm questionnaire on a vocational technical school in Liaoning Province 730 vocational college students were investigated. The results showed that most of the students in higher vocational colleges had psychological abuse and neglect and self injurious behavior, and there were significant differences in gender, origin and only child. They were positively correlated, and self injurious behavior can explain childhood psychological abuse and neglect. This article carries on the analysis on the causes of psychological abuse and neglect and self injurious behavior, and puts forward the countermeasures from different angles.

  17. Distinguishing Intrapsychic From Interpersonal Motives in Psychological Theory and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, Mark R; Raimi, Kaitlin Toner; Jongman-Sereno, Katrina P; Diebels, Kate J

    2015-07-01

    Many psychological phenomena have been explained primarily in terms of intrapsychic motives to maintain particular cognitive or affective states--such as motives for consistency, self-esteem, and authenticity--whereas other phenomena have been explained in terms of interpersonal motives to obtain tangible resources, reactions, or outcomes from other people. In this article, we describe and contrast intrapsychic and interpersonal motives, and we review evidence showing that these two distinct sets of motives are sometimes conflated and confused in ways that undermine the viability of motivational theories. Explanations that invoke motives to maintain certain intrapsychic states offer a dramatically different view of the psychological foundations of human behavior than those that posit motives to obtain desired interpersonal outcomes. Several phenomena are examined as exemplars of instances in which interpersonal and intrapsychic motives have been inadequately distinguished, if not directly confounded, including cognitive dissonance, the self-esteem motive, biases in judgment and decision making, posttransgression accounts, authenticity, and self-conscious emotions. Our analysis of the literature suggests that theorists and researchers should consider the relative importance of intrapsychic versus interpersonal motives in the phenomena they study and that they should make a concerted effort to deconfound intrapsychic and interpersonal influences in their research. © The Author(s) 2015.

  18. On Psychological Education into PE Teaching in Higher Vocational Colleges%浅谈心理教育在高职体育教学中渗透

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘厂有

    2015-01-01

    The development of vocational education in our country,students psychological problems have become a major fac-tors hindering the professional training of skilled personnel.Ignoring the psychological quality of education of students and training of qualified personnel expertise can only be empty talk.Physical health and mental health in a very close relationship, both can influence each other and promote each other.So penetration mental health and physical activity in physical education teaching in education is very important.%在我国的高职教育发展中,学生心理问题已经成为阻碍专业技能型人才培养的主要因素。忽略了学生心理素质的教育,培养高素质专业技能型人才只能是空话。生理健康与心理健康的关系十分密切,两者可以互相影响,互相促进。所以在体育课教学及体育活动中渗透心理健康的教育是非常重要的。

  19. A framework for streamlining research workflow in neuroscience and psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas eKubilius

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Successful accumulation of knowledge is critically dependent on the ability to verify and replicate every part of scientific conduct. However, such principles are difficult to enact when researchers continue to resort on ad hoc workflows and with poorly maintained code base. In this paper I examine the needs of neuroscience and psychology community, and introduce psychopy_ext, a unifying framework that seamlessly integrates popular experiment building, analysis and manuscript preparation tools by choosing reasonable defaults and implementing relatively rigid patterns of workflow. This structure allows for automation of multiple tasks, such as generated user interfaces, unit testing, control analyses of stimuli, single-command access to descriptive statistics, and publication quality plotting. Taken together, psychopy_ext opens an exciting possibility for faster, more robust code development and collaboration for researchers.

  20. Editorial: Bayesian benefits for child psychology and psychiatry researchers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oldehinkel, Albertine J

    2016-09-01

    For many scientists, performing statistical tests has become an almost automated routine. However, p-values are frequently used and interpreted incorrectly; and even when used appropriately, p-values tend to provide answers that do not match researchers' questions and hypotheses well. Bayesian statistics present an elegant and often more suitable alternative. The Bayesian approach has rarely been applied in child psychology and psychiatry research so far, but the development of user-friendly software packages and tutorials has placed it well within reach now. Because Bayesian analyses require a more refined definition of hypothesized probabilities of possible outcomes than the classical approach, going Bayesian may offer the additional benefit of sparkling the development and refinement of theoretical models in our field.

  1. Participant Action Research in Political, Psychological, and Gender Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lucia Obando-Salazar

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Qualitative methodology is used in social and intervention research because it facilitates a deeper analysis of causal factors and development of alternative solutions to social problems. Based on the findings of three studies in the field of political and gender psychology, this article focuses on Participant Action Research (PAR as a useful qualitative approach to deal with social phenomena, such as racism, violence against women, and the problem of children and youth who have been dislocated as the result of armed conflict and sheltered by the Colombian government's program for persons relocated to civil society. This article is composed of three parts. The first part offers historical and theoretical background to the Action Research (AR paradigm, its validation criteria and their meaning for the development of the Latin American rendering of Participant Action Research (PAR. The second part synthesizes trends in the AR approach in the United States and Germany, discusses feminist research and compares these to trends in PAR in Latin America. The third part is a description of Participant Action Research as an intervention method, including features, models, goals, and concepts. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs060438

  2. Vocational Colleges Class Management Based on Psychological Perspective%基于心理学视角的高职院校班级管理工作探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦卫红

    2012-01-01

    高职生是一个特殊的群体,他们既有失落感、自卑感,又具有极强的自尊心。在高职生的班级管理中,要根据高职生的心理特征及班级管理中存在的问题,有针对性地运用心理学的一些原理进行思想工作,道德教育与情感教育相结合,构建和谐班级,引导学生对立合理的期望值,进行职业生涯规划,以达到高职教育的目标。%Vocational college students is a special group, their sense of loss, inferiority complex, but also has a strong self- esteem. Vocational students in class management, according to the existing problems in the psychological characteristics of vocational students and class management, targeted use of psychological principles to carry out ideological work, the com- bination of moral education and emotional education, building a harmonious classes guide the reasonable expectations of stu- dent opposition, career planning, in order to achieve the goals of vocational education.

  3. 团体心理辅导在高职教育中的作用和意义%The role and the significance of group psychological guidance in higher vocational education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李怡宁

    2014-01-01

    Group psychological guidance is derived from the method of psychological counseling, mental health education in higher vocational plays an important role and significance, is an indispensable part of in the mental health education, should cause the whole society, especially the attention of the college of higher vocational education teaching workers.%团体心理辅导是源自美国的心理辅导方法,在高职心理健康教育中有着重要的作用和意义,是心理健康教育中不可缺少的一部分,应引起全社会,尤其是高职学院教育教学工作者的重视。

  4. Marxist psychology: a research paradigm whose time has come

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Elhammoumi, Mohamed

    2012-01-01

    This paper seeks to retrieve Marx's ideas about the development of psychology. It offers historical perspectives on different attempts to create a Marxist psychology that shed light on its scope and trajectory...

  5. Theory-Driven Evaluation in School Psychology Intervention Research: 2007-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercer, Sterett H.; Idler, Alyssa M.; Bartfai, Jamie M.

    2014-01-01

    This study is an investigation of the extent to which school psychology intervention research is guided by theory and addresses theoretical implications of findings. Intervention studies published during 2007-2012 in four journals, "Journal of School Psychology," "Psychology in the Schools," "School Psychology…

  6. Vocational College Students’Unhealthy Psychology in Job Interview and Sports Adjustment%高职生职业应聘不良心理表现及运动调节方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵岩

    2015-01-01

    高职生进行应聘时会因为各种压力出现一些不良的心理,通过一些运动调节方法可以有效改善这些不良心理表现。%Vocational college students will suffer unhealthy psychology in job interview because of stress.They can overcome the situation by sports adjustment.

  7. Exploring Students'Sports Psychological Obstacles and Countermeasures in Higher Vocational College%探索高职院校学生体育心理障碍和对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王访清

    2015-01-01

    〔Abstract〕 The teaching purpose is to promote the students'physical and mental development, to cultivate the students' comprehensive quality. Physical education has an important significance on the cultivation of stu-dents'psychological and physical quality. Higher vocational colleges carrying out the PE teaching is based on these considerations. But it has to notice that there are some psychological barriers of the students in PE teach-ing in higher vocational colleges. These psychological barriers seriously hindered the sports course teaching of higher vocational education. In this article, the current higher vocational college students'sports psychological barriers are analyzed and summarized, and the corresponding countermeasures are put forward as well.%教学的目的是促进学生的身体与心理的共同发展,培养学生的综合素质。体育对于学生的心理与身体素质的培养有着重要的意义。高职院校开展体育教学也正是基于这方面的考虑,但是也要看到高职院校学生体育教学中,学生还存在着一些心理障碍,这些心理障碍严重阻碍了高职院校所开展的体育课程教学。本文就目前高职院校学生体育心理障碍进行了分析、总结,并就相应的对策提出了自已的见解。

  8. 高职院校学生心理危机干预体制的建立探微%The students' psychological crisis intervention system of higher vocational colleges and universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莎

    2016-01-01

    目前,高职院校学生的心理健康问题成了社会广泛关注的对象,因为各种原因,高职院校学生是心理危机发生频率最高的人群,学生的心理危机对和谐校园、平安校园构成不稳定因素。为了让心理危机学生的情况有所好转,乃至完全康复,学校应建立相关的心理危机干预机制,重视心理危机学生的发展。下面就关于高职院校学生的心理危机干预体制的建立做以简单分析。%At present, vocational college students’ mental health problems into the object of widespread concern in the community, because of various reasons, vocational college students are psychological crisis frequency highest crowd, students psychological crisis form unstable factors of harmonious campus, campus safety. In order to improve the situation of psychological crisis students, and even full recovery, the school should establish the relevant psychological crisis intervention mechanism, pay attention to the development of the psychological crisis of students. The following is about the establishment of the psychological crisis intervention system of higher vocational college students.

  9. CONTEMPORARY DOMESTIC RESEARCH OF PSYCHOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTING THE FUTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey Vladimirovich Mikhalsky

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the modern domestic research in the field of psychology of future perception and construction. Time, space, events only become meaningful when a position of observer arises, and when people are directly and vividly involved into them. The presence of human perception – an essential attribute of comprehension, appearance of the value for the time and space, in other words – the attribution of values – a separate measurement, giving the existence of time and space, allowing the existence of semantic relations, an integral component of constructing the future. An array of publications, images, ideas, «memes» on constructing the future is becoming more voluminous, but at the same time, it is very difficult to trace the evolution of a single line of ideas, concepts, theories, research directions, scientific and philosophical approaches to the practical aspects of use. The proposed concept and practical approach of contemporary researchers define a new impetus to scientific research, serves as the basis for practices and, perhaps, is the philosophy that is needed humanity, standing on sharp blades to survive in conditions of information overload, uncertainty and economic fluctuations, on the verge of which can not go – on the verge of using weapons of mass destruction, global international, cross-cultural encounters.

  10. Between Bandura and Giddens: Structuration Theory in Social Psychological Research?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seth Oppong

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In any social analysis, one can attribute observed behavioural outcomes to actions and inactions of people (agents or to the presence or absence of certain structures or systems. The dualism of agent and structure is resolved through the concept of duality as proposed by Anthony Giddens in his structuration theory (ST. Though ST has been applied in other disciplines, it is either less known or applied in psychology. This paper sought to examine ST as a framework for understanding the interdependent relationship between structure and agents in the light of offering explanatory framework in social science research or policy formulation. It concluded with an integrated model comprising elements of both Bandura’s social-cognitive theory and Giddens’ ST.

  11. 高职校园文化对心理危机预防体系构建的作用%On the Role of Campus Culture on Psychological Crisis Prevention System Construction in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀珊

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the present situation of the psychological crisis intervention and campus culture construction in higher vocational colleges, in order to explore the important role of construction of campus culture on psychological crisis intervention and pre- vention system. It also explores how to construct a characteristic campus culture of higher vocational college with function of psychologi- cal crisis intervention, providing a spiritual atmosphere of harmony and stability for students and fully performing the mechanism of psy- chological crisis intervention and early prevention, to achieve a healthy, comprehensive and harmonious development for students in higher vocational colleges.%分析了高职院校心理危机干预和校园文化建设的现状,探索校园文化建设对心理危机干预预防体系的重要作用。从而探索在高职院校的校园文化建设中如何建构有心理危机干预作用的特色文化,为学生提供和谐稳定的精神氛围,充分发挥心理危机干预早期预防的长效机制,实现高职院校学生健康、全面、和谐的发展。

  12. 略议高职院校学前教育专业《学前心理学》学科实训%A discussion on practical training of Preschool Psychology in preschool education major of higher vocational college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐灵芝

    2013-01-01

      实训是指按照人才培养规律与目标,对学生进行职业技能、应用能力训练的教学过程。加强《学前心理学》实训是由高等职业教育的属性要求、学前教育专业的人才培养目标,以及《学前心理学》的学科性质决定的。高职院校《学前心理学》学科教学应该更新教育理念,体现高职教育的职业性;整合教学内容,突出学科的应用性;加强职业技能能力培养、强化教学的实践性等,将实训贯穿于整个教学过程中,融“教、学、做”为一体,实现学校学习与职业要求的一致性,培养符合社会需要的高素质幼儿教育人才。%The practical training is an education process to train the students with vocational skills and application abilities according to the laws and targets of talents cultivation. Enhancing the practical training of Preschool Psychology is the critical demand of higher vocational education and the talent cultivation target of preschool education major. It is also determined by the subject nature of Preschool Psychology. We should renew the ideas of Preschool Psychology education and highlight the vocational characteristics of Higher Vocational Education; integrate the teaching contents and underline the application of the subjects; strengthen the training of vocational skills and increase the practicalness of vocational education. By combining the teaching, learning and practicing, we should make the practical training run though the whole education process to realize the consistency of school learning and vocational demand, cultivate high-quality preschool-teaching talents to meet the social demands.

  13. Determination of Self-Development in the Vocational Educational Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. F. Zeer

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the concept of vocational educational environment combining vocational training, professional development and professional world. The research is aimed at the self-determination analysis of an individual in the above environment. The authors observe the two existing trends of self-development analysis, corresponding with the subjective activity and culturally historical approaches. The empirical research results involve the students’ subjective individual characteristics and factors influencing the self-development strategy selection. The research findings prove the earlier hypothesis of the self- development phenomenon being determined by the two mutually conditioned factors: personal self-control ability and interrelation of the above mentioned components of the vocational educational environment. The authors make the conclusion that the self-development prospects are determined by the internal and external motivation, professional mobility and striving for success. The determination specificity of professional self- development, identified by the authors, can provide the psychological basis for future specialists training. 

  14. Disability Research in Counseling Psychology Journals: A 20-Year Content Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Lee, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    We conducted an exploratory content analysis of disability research in 5 major counseling psychology journals between 1990 and 2010. The goal was to review the counseling psychology literature to better understand the prevalence of disability research, identify research methods most often conducted, and elucidate the types of concerns most…

  15. Disability Research in Counseling Psychology Journals: A 20-Year Content Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Lee, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    We conducted an exploratory content analysis of disability research in 5 major counseling psychology journals between 1990 and 2010. The goal was to review the counseling psychology literature to better understand the prevalence of disability research, identify research methods most often conducted, and elucidate the types of concerns most…

  16. On the Current Situation of Studies on Students' Group Psychological Counseling in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校大学生团体心理辅导的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭凯娟

    2016-01-01

    文章对团体心理辅导对大学生进行心理健康教育的积极作用的进行阐述,并对高职院校施行团体心理辅导的可行性和优势进行分析,最后提出开展团体心理辅导的途径和方法。%This paper elaborates the positive role of group psy-chological counseling for college students' psychological health education, analyzes the feasibility and advantages of implement-ing group psychological counseling in higher vocational colleges, and finally proposes the ways to implement group psychological counseling.

  17. AIDS Exceptionalism: On the Social Psychology of HIV Prevention Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, William A; Kohut, Taylor; Fisher, Jeffrey D

    2009-12-01

    The current analysis considers the HIV prevention research record in the social sciences. We do so with special reference to what has been termed "AIDS Exceptionalism"- departures from standard public health practice and prevention research priorities in favor of alternative approaches to prevention that, it has been argued, emphasize individual rights at the expense of public health protection. In considering this issue, we review the historical context of the HIV epidemic; empirically demonstrate a pattern of prevention research characterized by systematic neglect of prevention interventions for HIV-infected persons; and articulate a rationale for "Prevention for Positives," supportive prevention efforts tailored to the needs of HIV+ individuals. We then propose a social psychological conceptualization of processes that appear to have influenced developments in HIV prevention research and directed its focus to particular target populations. Our concluding section considers whether there are social and research policy lessons to be learned from the record of HIV prevention research that might improve our ability to addresses effectively, equitably, and in timely fashion future epidemics that play out, as HIV does, at the junction of biology and behavior. At the first quarter century of the AIDS epidemic, it is important to weigh our accomplishments against our failures in the fight against AIDS…Future historians will conclude that we cannot escape responsibility for our failure to use effective, scientifically proven strategies to control the AIDS epidemic…They will also likely regard as tragic those instances when we allowed scarce resources to be used to support ideologically driven "prevention" that only served a particular political agenda.Editorial: A Quarter Century of AIDS. American Journal of Public Health. (Stall & Mills, 2006, p. 961).

  18. 职业院校教师心理资本与职业倦怠的关系研究%Relationship Between Psychological Capital and Job Burnout of Vocational Education Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩笑; 李同归

    2014-01-01

    Based on 186 vocational education teachers and Native Psychological Capital Questionnaire and the Oldenburg Burnout Inven -tory.The result shows that:(1)vocational education teachers have high levels of psychological capital , and they have higher levels of interpersonal psychological capital than transactional psychological capital ; (2) job burnout is a widespread problem among vocation education teachers, but burnout levels are relatively low;(3)psychological capital levels have a significant , negatively correlation with job burnout levels .Regression analysis indicates that both enterprising spirit and confidence can predict disengagement level negatively and that exhaustion level can be negatively predicted by optimism and enterprising spirit .%以186名职业院校教师为被试,采用本土心理资本量表和倦怠问卷对其心理资本与职业倦怠的关系进行研究。结果发现:(1)职业院校教师的心理资本水平比较高,人际型心理资本高于事务型心理资本;(2)职业倦怠现象在职业院校教师群体中普遍存在,但倦怠程度并不严重,其中耗竭维度高于解离维度;(3)职业院校教师的心理资本与职业倦怠呈显著负相关,奋发进取及自信勇敢对解离有负向预测作用,乐观希望及奋发进取对耗竭有负向预测作用。

  19. Conducting industrial and organizational psychological research: institutional review of research in work organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilgen, D R; Bell, B S

    2001-01-01

    Although informed consent is a primary mechanism for ensuring the ethical treatment of human participants in research, both federal guidelines and American Psychological Association ethical standards recognize that exceptions to it are reasonable under certain conditions. However, agreement about what constitutes a reasonable exception to informed consent is sometimes lacking. We presented the same protocols to samples of respondents drawn from 4 populations: Institutional review board (IRB) members, managers, employees, and university faculty who were not members of IRBs. Differences in perceptions of IRB members from the other samples with respect to the risks of the protocols without informed consent and on the feasibility of conducting the research in employment organizations are discussed in terms of implications for industrial and organizational psychology research.

  20. Wood or Laminate?—Psychological Research of Customer Expectations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jiménez, Paul; Dunkl, Anita; Eibel, Kerstin; Denk, Elisabeth; Grote, Vincent; Kelz, Christina; Moser, Maximilian

    2016-01-01

    .... However, when investigating psychological differences, wood is usually compared to carpets, glass, leather, stone, or plastic but is not compared to a visually similar material such as laminate...

  1. Research on Psychological Carrying Capacity of Tourism Destination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Zhiyong; Zhong Sheng

    2009-01-01

    As a part of the carrying capacity system of tourism destination,tourism psychological carrying capacity and its makeup are very important indexes which reflect the harmonious development of tourism destination develops harmoniously,but the academy has not paid enough attention to them.Based on the concept and connotation of psychological carrying capacity,this paper explains the influencing factors which affect the psychological capacity of the tourist and the resident after the acknowledged concept,and then designs a harmonious development model of tourism destination.Finally,it offers some countermeasures against the overloading psychological capacity.

  2. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  3. Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  4. "Slow food" post-qualitative research in psychology: old craft skills in new disguise?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demuth, Carolin

    2015-06-01

    The present paper addresses several aspects discussed in the special issue on the future of qualitative research in psychology. Particularly, it asks whether in light of the overhomogenization of the term "qualitative methods" researchers actually can still assume that they talk about the same thing when using this terminology. In addressing the topic of what constitutes the object of psychological research and what accordingly could be a genuinely psychological qualitative research it acknowledges the need to return to the study of persons' unique experience. In light of the risk of "McDonaldization" in present qualitative research, it argues that we need to return to learning research methods as craft skills. It will then give an outlook on how recent developments in discursive and narrative psychology offer a fruitful avenue for studying unique psychological experience as people manage to 'move on' in a material world and in irreversible time.

  5. Marketing research of higher vocational colleges teaching model based on constructivism%基于建构主义的高职院校市场营销学教学模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔宇丹

    2014-01-01

    随着素质教育改革的不断深入,传统的教学模式已经无法充分适应时代发展的需求,想要提高教学效果,应该积极探索一种新的教学模式。作为教育心理学研究的最新理论成果——建构主义教学观已经成为高职院校教育改革与创新的重要理论基础。市场营销专业是高职院校教育的重要课程,本文主要介绍了高职院校学生的认知特点,结合建构主义理论的基本内涵提出了几点高职院校市场营销专业教学中应用建构主义教学的具体策略。%quality education reform deepening, the traditional teaching mode has been unable to fully meet the requirement of times development, want to improve the teaching effect, should actively explore a new teaching mode. As the latest theoretical research results of education psychology, constructivism teaching view in higher vocational colleges has become an important theoretical base for education reform and innovation. Marketing is an important course of higher vocational college education, this article mainly introduced the cognitive characteristics of students in higher vocational colleges, combining with the basic connotation of constructivism puts forward some marketing major in higher vocational colleges teaching strategies of applying constructivism in teaching.

  6. CONCEPTUALIZATION OF IDEAS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY IN SPORTS: PROBLEMS OF EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia Vladimirovna Vardanyan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the research of the concept “psychological safety in sports”. On the basis of analysis of ideas about psychological safety in sports and their representation in printed or verbal form the necessity of overcoming the fragmentation and lack of system is substantiated. The authors state that one and the same sports situation can constructively or destructively affect the psychological safety of direct or indirect participants of sports events. In this context, it is important to create the psycholinguistic basis of experimental research of psychological safety in sports. Great attention is paid to systematization of the content of the concept “psychological safety in sports”. The created models of words and expressions that convey ideas about this phenomenon are of particular value. In the structure of the concept the dominant meanings, expressed in the nucleus, and additional meanings, related to the periphery of the concept are distinguished.Purpose: to explore the ideas of psychological safety in sports and their representation in printed or verbal form; to determine ways of overcoming the conceptual psycholinguistic problems in the process of experimental research of psychological safety in sports; to create the model of words and expressions which are used to verbalize the concept “psychological safety in sports”.Methodology: theoretical analysis of psychological and linguistic literature, creation of the psycholinguistic basis of experimental research, modeling of the conceptual ideas of psychological safety in sports.Results: psycholinguistic basis of experimental research of psychological safety in sports, the model of content and structure of the corresponding concept.Practical implications: Pedagogical Psychology, Sports Psychology, Philology, Psycholinguistics.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-8-11

  7. Ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter; Dyhrberg, Johan

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with certain ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information. Section 1 contains an analysis of research on Internet debates. In particular, it takes into account a famous example of deception for psychology research...... purposes. In section 2, the focus is on research on personal data in texts published on the Internet. Section 3 includes an attempt to formulate some ethical principles and guidelines, which should be regarded as fundamental in research on stored information....

  8. Ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter; Dyhrberg, Johan

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with certain ethical problems inherent in psychological research based on internet communication as stored information. Section 1 contains an analysis of research on Internet debates. In particular, it takes into account a famous example of deception for psychology research...... purposes. In section 2, the focus is on research on personal data in texts published on the Internet. Section 3 includes an attempt to formulate some ethical principles and guidelines, which should be regarded as fundamental in research on stored information....

  9. 当前中职学校心理健康教育模式的反思--基于积极心理学的视角%Introspection of Models about Mental Health Education in the Current Secondary Vocational School:Based on the Perspective of Positive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      在传统心理学指引下的当前中职学校心理健康教育模式呈现出教育方法上偏重心理学知识的传授,教育重心上关注学生存在的问题和存在问题的学生,教育渠道过于狭窄的倾向。以积极情绪、积极人格和积极组织系统为研究主题的积极心理学对人的积极品质和心理潜能给予了前所未有的重视,以积极心理学理念为指导创新中职心理健康教育方法,从积极的视角发现和解读问题的积极方面,提升教育目标,丰富教育途径,以期发掘中职学生的系列积极品质。%Models about mental health education in the Current Secondary Vocational School present some tendency such as lay particular stress on psychology knowledge in the education meth-ods , focus on students' problems and problem students and edu-cational channel is too narrow under the guidance of traditional psychology. Positive psychology which put positive emotions, positive personality and positive organization system as the re-search subject give unprecedented attention on people's positive qualities and psychological Potential,innovating method to mental health in the current secondary vocational school under the guid-ance of the concept of positive psychology, findings and Un-scrambling the positive aspects of problems from positive per-spective, promoting educational target and enriching educational way in order to explore series of positive qualities of secondary vocational school students .

  10. 行动研究在职业教育研究中的应用%The Application of Action Research in Vocational Education Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙燕红

    2012-01-01

    Action research, which is built on the philosophy of "Teacher as the researcher" is increasingly high- lighting its value through the combination of theory and practice. Starting from the connotation and advantage of action research, this article concludes the characteristics of Vocational education action research. And Through "action research on the reform of English teaching material of secondary vocational school under School-corpora- tion collaboration" this case, the article explores how secondary vocational teachers take action on research strategies.%以教师即研究者为理念的行动研究,通过理论与实践的结合正日益彰显其价值。本文从行动研究的内涵与优势出发,归纳职业教育行动研究的特征,并重在通过“校企合作视域下中职英语教材改革的行动研究”这一案例来探讨中职教师进行行动研究的步骤和策略。

  11. Which are the "best" cities for psychology research worldwide?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bornmann, L.; Leydesdorff, L.; Krampen, G.

    2012-01-01

    We present scientometric results about worldwide centers of excellence in psychology. Based on Web of Science data, scientific excellence can be identified for cities from where highly-cited papers originate. Data refer to all psychology articles published in 2007 which are documented in the Social

  12. A checklist to facilitate objective hypothesis testing in social psychology research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washburn, Anthony N; Morgan, G Scott; Skitka, Linda J

    2015-01-01

    Social psychology is not a very politically diverse area of inquiry, something that could negatively affect the objectivity of social psychological theory and research, as Duarte et al. argue in the target article. This commentary offers a number of checks to help researchers uncover possible biases and identify when they are engaging in hypothesis confirmation and advocacy instead of hypothesis testing.

  13. Feminism and Psychology: Analysis of a Half-Century of Research on Women and Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagly, Alice H.; Eaton, Asia; Rose, Suzanna M.; Riger, Stephanie; McHugh, Maureen C.

    2012-01-01

    Starting in the 1960s, feminists argued that the discipline of psychology had neglected the study of women and gender and misrepresented women in its research and theories. Feminists also posed many questions worthy of being addressed by psychological science. This call for research preceded the emergence of a new and influential body of research…

  14. Institutional and Individual Research Productivity in Five Nominated Multicultural Psychology Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Michael Y.; Cisco, Hilary C.; Delgado-Romero, Edward A.

    2008-01-01

    Research productivity was examined across 5 highly nominated multicultural psychology journals. This yielded a ranking of 40 highly productive institutions and individuals between 1994 and 2007. The results are potentially useful in beginning to track trends in the publication of multicultural psychology studies in research journals.…

  15. Where's the emotion? How sport psychology can inform research on emotion in human factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eccles, David W; Ward, Paul; Woodman, Tim; Janelle, Christopher M; Le Scanff, Christine; Ehrlinger, Joyce; Castanier, Carole; Coombes, Stephen A

    2011-04-01

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate how research on emotion in sport psychology might inform the field of human factors. Human factors historically has paid little attention to the role of emotion within the research on human-system relations. The theories, methods, and practices related to research on emotion within sport psychology might be informative for human factors because fundamentally, sport psychology and human factors are applied fields concerned with enhancing performance in complex, real-world domains. Reviews of three areas of theory and research on emotion in sport psychology are presented, and the relevancy of each area for human factors is proposed: (a) emotional preparation and regulation for performance, (b) an emotional trait explanation for risk taking in sport, and (c) the link between emotion and motor behavior. Finally, there are suggestions for how to continue cross-talk between human factors and sport psychology about research on emotion and related topics in the future. The relevance of theory and research on emotion in sport psychology for human factors is demonstrated. The human factors field and, in particular, research on human-system relations may benefit from a consideration of theory and research on emotion in sport psychology. Theories, methods, and practices from sport psychology might be applied usefully to human factors.

  16. Enrico Morselli's Psychology and "Spiritism": psychiatry, psychology and psychical research in Italy in the decades around 1900.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brancaccio, Maria Teresa

    2014-12-01

    This paper traces Enrico Morselli's intellectual trajectory from the 1870s to the early 1900s. His interest in phenomena of physical mediumship is considered against the backdrop of the theoretical developments in Italian psychiatry and psychology. A leading positivist psychiatrist and a prolific academic, Morselli was actively involved in the making of Italian experimental psychology. Initially sceptical of psychical research and opposed to its association with the 'new psychology', Morselli subsequently conducted a study of the physical phenomena produced by the medium Eusapia Palladino. He concluded that her phenomena were genuine and represented them as the effects of an unknown bio-psychic force present in all human beings. By contextualizing Morselli's study of physical mediumship within contemporary theoretical and disciplinary discourse, this study elaborates shifts in the interpretations of 'supernormal' phenomena put forward by leading Italian psychiatrists and physiologists. It demonstrates that Morselli's interest in psychical research stems from his efforts to comprehend the determinants of complex psychological phenomena at a time when the dynamic theory of matter in physics, and the emergence of neo-vitalist theories influenced the theoretical debates in psychiatry, psychology and physiology. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Digital Media as Support for Technical Vocational Training: Expectations and Research Results of the Use of Web2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sven Schulte

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Digital media as support for Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET learning processes have been increasingly tested in recent times. In Germany, for example, the Ministry for Education and Research and others have been supporting projects that develop and evaluate innovative didactical and technological models focussing on “Virtual Learning”, “Learning with Web2.0” or “Mobile Learning”. Above all in vocational education and with regard to the target group of media-affine young people, teachers have high expectations regarding pedagogical purposes and learning efficiency. The present article describes a project on a learning and communication platform that combines the advantages of digital media with the special feature of a cooperation of learning environments within the German Dual TVET System by making use of innovative pedagogical approaches for the shaping of more sustainable occupational learning. The results show examples of how a different (often quite unexpected use of digital media for vocational learning processes by young people is justified.

  18. 职业教育集团化办学模式问题研究%Research on Problems of Vocational Education Collectivization School-running Pattern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀霞

    2013-01-01

    集团化办学是世界职业教育发展的一个重要取向,也是我国目前职业教育发展的必然趋势.本文通过探索中外职业教育集团化发展,对职业教育集团化办学的若干问题进行了研究,并提出了职业教育集团化办学的若干思路.%Collectivization school-running is the one of the most important orientation in the development of world vocational education, is also the inevitable trend of development of current vocational education in our country. Through exploring Chinese and foreign professional education collectivization development, this paper carried out research on collectivization school -running of vocational education, and proposed several ideas of collectivization school-running of vocational education.

  19. Brief Study on Mental Health of Vocational College Students Based on Posi tive Psychology Concepts%高职生积极心理学健康教育初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仕超; 高秀玲

    2015-01-01

    Positive psychology ,a kind of new psychological concept ,advocates achieving the effect of psychological education through one’ s positive psychological qualities .Based on positive psychology concepts ,the mental health education model plays active role on the development of vocational college students’ mental health .Inspired and guided by positive psychology ,the students can establish a posi‐tive life values and avoid the occurrence of psychological damage so as to radically reduce the risk of psy‐chological hazard to them .%积极心理学是一种新型的心理学理念,主张通过人自身已有的优良品质来达到心理教育的作用。积极心理学理念下的高职生心理健康教育更是一种全新的、对高职生的发展更具积极作用的心理教育模式,通过激发和引导高职生的正面心理,预防心理创伤的出现,从而从根本上降低高职生的心理危害风险,以建立积极的人生价值取向。

  20. 中职消费心理学教学改革思考与探索%Reflection and Exploration on the Teaching Reform of Consumer Psychology in Secondary Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨怡文

    2012-01-01

    Consumer psychology is a component of consumer economics.To study on consumer psychology is of great significance.In order to ensure the quality of secondary vocational graduates, secondary vocational schools should make efforts to improve teaching quality. Based on the writer's own teaching practice, this paper proposes several opinions on improving the efficiency of consumer psychology teaching in secondary vocational education, hoping to help the teaching reform of consumer psychology.%消费心理学是消费经济学的组成部分。消费者研究消费心理,可提高消费效益;经营者研究消费心理,可提高经营效益;研究消费心理能正确引导个人消费,减少因消费决策失误而后悔,避免因追求时髦而失控,克制因收入增加而挥霍无度。可见,研究消费心理学意义深远。为保证培养合格的中职毕业生,中职学校必须针对生源素质,采取有力措施,与时俱进、勇于创新,全面提高教学质量,保证培养目标的实现。文章结合个人教学实践,针对提高中职消费心理学教学的实效性谈几点粗浅看法,以期能为今后中职消费心理学教学改革提供借鉴。

  1. Psychological, behavioral and social effects of disclosing Alzheimer's disease biomarkers to research participants: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bemelmans, S.AS.A.; Tromp, K.; Bunnik, E.M.; Milne, R.J.; Badger, S.; Brayne, C.; Schermer, M.H.; Richard, E.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Current Alzheimer's disease (AD) research initiatives focus on cognitively healthy individuals with biomarkers that are associated with the development of AD. It is unclear whether biomarker results should be returned to research participants and what the psychological, behavioral and

  2. Psychological, behavioral and social effects of disclosing Alzheimer's disease biomarkers to research participants: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bemelmans, S.A.S.A.; K. Tromp (Krista); E.M. Bunnik (Eline); Milne, R.J.; Badger, S.; C. Brayne (Carol); M.H.N. Schermer (Maartje); Richard, E.

    2016-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Current Alzheimer's disease (AD) research initiatives focus on cognitively healthy individuals with biomarkers that are associated with the development of AD. It is unclear whether biomarker results should be returned to research participants and what the psychological,

  3. Mapping out the subject of Brazilian social psychology in the production of the national association of research and post-graduate studies in psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Adegas de Azambuja

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper problematizes the Brazilian Social Psychology and its knowledge production on the registers of the Work Group (WG of symposiums of the National Association of Research and Post-Graduation in Psychology (ANPEPP, during 1988 to 2010. Using Michel Foucault's archeo-genealogical perspective and the contributions by Ian Hacking about the historical ontology of subjects, we analyzed technologies of power and knowledge in the disciplines of Social Psychology. We selected the WG abstracts in which circulate the utterances that make up the discursive field of Brazilian Social Psychology. Using the narrative of WGs we outlined a discursive formation of identities/technologies of the subject. The knowledges of Social Psychology in the history of the ANPEPP's WGs contribute to the constitution of categories and psychological classifications which objectivize subjects. We think Social Psychology, in its criticisms related to psychological and social concepts comprises practices and regimes of truth about the subject of Social Psychology.

  4. A Preliminary Exploration on the Teaching Reform of Psychological Health Education Course for Vocational School Students:A Cases Study on the "Psychological Growth Experience Week" of Changzhou Higher Voca-tional School of Construction%职校生心理健康教育课程教学改革初探--以常州建设高等职业技术学校“心理成长体验周”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋丽琼

    2015-01-01

    In the implementation of psychological health educa-tion work for vocational school students, we must adhere to the e-ducation-oriented idea and apply psychological health education in accordance with the physical and psychological characteristics of vocational school students and the particularity of their devel-opment. We should also adhere to guidance-centered education and students' subjective role, and follow the physical and psy-chological development rules of students, so as to ensure the per-tinence and effectiveness of education.%开展职业学校学生心理健康教育工作,必须坚持以育人为本,根据职业学校学生生理、心理特点和发展的特殊性;运用心理健康教育知识,立足教育重在指导;以学生为主体,遵循学生身心发展规律,保证教育的针对性和实效性。

  5. Improving the dependability of research in personality and social psychology: recommendations for research and educational practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funder, David C; Levine, John M; Mackie, Diane M; Morf, Carolyn C; Sansone, Carol; Vazire, Simine; West, Stephen G

    2014-02-01

    In this article, the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) Task Force on Publication and Research Practices offers a brief statistical primer and recommendations for improving the dependability of research. Recommendations for research practice include (a) describing and addressing the choice of N (sample size) and consequent issues of statistical power, (b) reporting effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), (c) avoiding "questionable research practices" that can inflate the probability of Type I error, (d) making available research materials necessary to replicate reported results, (e) adhering to SPSP's data sharing policy, (f) encouraging publication of high-quality replication studies, and (g) maintaining flexibility and openness to alternative standards and methods. Recommendations for educational practice include (a) encouraging a culture of "getting it right," (b) teaching and encouraging transparency of data reporting, (c) improving methodological instruction, and (d) modeling sound science and supporting junior researchers who seek to "get it right."

  6. Behavioral genetics and evolutionary psychology: unified perspective on personality research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segal, N L; MacDonald, K B

    1998-04-01

    Behavioral geneticists and evolutionary psychologists have generally pursued human behavioral analyses with little theoretical or methodological exchange. However, significant benefits might accrue from increased communication between these disciplines. The primary goals of this article are (1) to identify meaningful junctures between behavioral genetics and evolutionary psychology, (2) to describe behavioral genetic research designs and their applications to evolutionary analyses, and (3) to reassess current personality research in light of behavioral genetic and evolutionary concepts and techniques. The five-factor model of personality is conceptualized as subsuming variation in normative species-typical systems with adaptive functions in the human environment of evolutionary adaptation. Considered as universal evolved mechanisms, personality systems are often seen in dynamic conflict within individuals and as highly compartmentalized in their functioning between settings. However, genetically influenced individual differences in personality may also be understood within an evolutionary framework. Studies of the heritability of personality traits indicate broad-sense heritabilities in the 0.40-0.50 range with evidence of substantial nonadditive genetic variation and nonshared environmental influences. Evidence indicates that evolutionary theory (e.g., inclusive fitness theory) predicts patterns of social interaction (e.g., cooperation and bereavement) in relatives. Furthermore, variation in personality may constitute a range of viable strategies matching the opportunities available in the complex niche environment of human societies. Within this wide range of viable strategies, personality variation functions as a resource environment for individuals in the sense that personality variation is evaluated according to the interests of the evaluator (e.g., friendships, coalitions, or mate choice).

  7. The Idiographic Approach in Psychological Research. The Challenge of Overcoming Old Distinctions Without Risking to Homogenize.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Luca Picione, Raffaele

    2015-09-01

    In this paper I discuss the relevance of the single-case approach in psychological research. Based upon work by Hurtado-Parrado and López-López (Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 2015), who outlined the possibility that Single-Case Methods (SCMs) could be a valid alternative to Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST), I introduce the idiographic approach (Salvatore and Valsiner Theory & Psychology, 20(6), 817-833, 2010; Valsiner Cultural & Psychology, 20(2), 147-159, 2014; Salvatore Culture & Psychology, 20(4), 477-500, 2014) based on the logic of abductive generalization, rather than the logic of inductive generalization. I present the theoretical, epistemological and methodological assumptions that this approach proposes; in particular, I discuss the re-conceptualization of some now obsolete rigid opposition, the inconsistency of sample use in psychological research, the relationship between uniqueness and general, the relationship between theory and phenomena, and finally the validation process.

  8. On the Expression of Secondary Vocational Students' Psychological Characteristics in Moral Emotion%中职生的心理特点在道德情感上的表现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任彩霞

    2012-01-01

    Through a survey on the psychological characteristics of secondary vocational students,this paper finds that the requirement of contemporary secondary vocational students for moral emotion shows diversification trend,namely,the paradox in moral emotion experience and the feature of low-level moral emotion orientation.%本文通过调查研究中职生的心理特点,发现当代中职生在道德情感需求上表现出多元化趋势,在道德情感体验上呈现出矛盾性、在道德情感取向上表现出浅层化的特点。

  9. 高职学生职业心理素质教育的对策探讨%The countermeasures for the higher vocational students' professional psychological quality education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅龙华; 张桂叶

    2014-01-01

    In today's workplace, work fast, high risk, and of the characteristics of big pressure on college students' heart to bear ability demand is higher and higher. Higher vocational colleges as a training for production, construction, management and service of frontline workers education institutions, it is particularly important to improve the students' professional psychological quality, but in reality a lot of higher vocational students' professional psychological quality does not meet the requirements for the workplace. Therefore, higher vocational colleges must change this situation, Actively ex-plore ways and means to improve students' mental quality education, in order to achieve the training objectives of higher vocational graduates direct docking social actual need.%当今职场,工作节奏快、风险高和压力大的特点,对大学生的心里承受能力要求越来越高。高职院校作为培养面向生产、建设、管理和服务一线劳动者的教育机构,提升学生的职业心理素质显得尤为重要,但现实中很多高职学生的职业心理素质并不能适应职场要求。因此,高职院校必须改变这种现状,积极探索提升学生心理素质的教育方法和手段,以实现高职毕业生直接对接社会实际需要的培养目标。

  10. Research Applications of the Longitudinal Rehabilitation Study of the Vocational Services Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosciulek, J. F.

    2004-01-01

    Current state and national disability and employment policy program and funding directives, such as the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 and the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, require the state-federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) program to demonstrate service efficacy in order to maintain and expand program funding…

  11. Attractiveness of Initial Vocational Education and Training: Identifying What Matters. Research Paper No 39

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Stereotypes prevail: many Europeans still opt for a vocational educational pathway as second choice when deciding about a future career. Despite being high on European and national policy agendas for more than a decade, and despite all efforts made, VET is no more attractive in most countries today than it was some years ago. Building on a system…

  12. Measuring the Outcomes of Vocational Education and Training. Review of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumbrell, Tom

    Outcome measures are one of three key dimensions of the performance of Australia's vocational education and training (VET) system. The government, employers, students, and the broader community all share an interest in ensuring that Australia's VET system produces skills needed in the labor market. However, each group's views of what constitutes a…

  13. Learner Success, Retention and Power in Vocational Education: A Snapshot from Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zepke, Nick; Isaacs, Peter; Leach, Linda

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we explore whether power issues enhance and/or inhibit retention of foundation-learners in vocational education in Aotearoa New Zealand. After surveying reasons given for early departure in the retention literature, the paper offers Foucault's notion of governmentality as another possible factor in early departure. The paper explores…

  14. The Research on Several Critical Issues in the Development of Higher Vocational Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Yufei; Zhang, Tingqin

    2008-01-01

    Based on the pondering over the establishment of a large educational concept, the implementation of "two-certificate" system, the training of "Double-Professional title teacher staff and some other issues in the development of the vocational and technical education personnel training mode, this paper discusses the issues about their…

  15. Research on moral education in higher vocational colleges library function%关于高职院校图书馆德育功能的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 刘涛

    2014-01-01

    高职院校图书馆作为高职教学活动当中不可或缺的一个重要的组成部分,它始终以一个辅助型工具的形式融入到高职院校的科学研究工作当中。对于高职院校来说,应当充分发挥利用图书馆的德育功能,配合高职院校教育教学做好高职学生的德育工作。%Higher vocational college library, as an essential part of higher vocational teaching activities of an important part of it is always in the form of an assistive tool into the scientific research work of higher vocational education. Higher vocational colleges should give full play to the moral education function of using library, cooperate with education of higher vocational colleges teaching of higher vocational students' moral education work.

  16. 中国职业教育集团化研究综述%Research on the Collectivization of China’s Vocational Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周丽娟

    2015-01-01

    职业教育集团化办学是职业教育转型和创新的重要举措,不仅有利于职业教育的改革和发展,而且能促使职业教育资源的优化整合和优劣互补。因此,为了职业教育更好地发展,有必要对职业教育集团化的含义、类型以及我国职业教育集团化发展阶段和改进措施四个部分进行梳理和综述,以期为后续研究和学术对话提供基础理论。%Collectivization in vocational education is the important measure of vocational education transformation and innovation,which is not only beneficial to vocational education reform and development,but also can prompt the optimization of vocational education resources integration and complement the advantages and disadvantages. There-fore,in order to promote the better development of vocational education,it is necessary to comb and review the meaning,types,development stage and the improvement measures of vocational education collectivization,so as to provide basic theory for further research and academic dialogue.

  17. Research Learning Attributes of Graduate Students in Social Work, Psychology, and Business.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Robert G.; Bretzin, Antoinette; Leininger, Christine; Stauffer, Rose

    2001-01-01

    Compared the self-reported research anxiety, computer anxiety, and research orientations of 149 full-time graduate social work, psychology, and business students at a research university. Found that social work students reported more research and computer anxiety and generally believed that research was less important to their profession that…

  18. Topical Review: Unique Contributions of Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Pediatric Psychology Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Chad D; Duraccio, Kara M; Carbine, Kaylie M; Kirwan, C Brock

    2016-03-01

    This review aims to provide a brief introduction of the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods in pediatric psychology research, describe several exemplar studies that highlight the unique benefits of MRI techniques for pediatric psychology research, and detail methods for addressing several challenges inherent to pediatric MRI research. Literature review. Numerous useful applications of MRI research in pediatric psychology have been illustrated in published research. MRI methods yield information that cannot be obtained using neuropsychological or behavioral measures. Using MRI in pediatric psychology research may facilitate examination of neural structures and processes that underlie health behaviors. Challenges inherent to conducting MRI research with pediatric research participants (e.g., head movement) may be addressed using evidence-based strategies. We encourage pediatric psychology researchers to consider adopting MRI techniques to answer research questions relevant to pediatric health and illness. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Pediatric Psychology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. Thought and exploration on the teaching reform of Higher Vocational Consumer Psychology%高职《消费心理学》教学改革思考与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵根良

    2012-01-01

    Consumer psychology is an important compulsory course and basic professional course of the higher vocational chain management.In view of characteristics and teaching problems on consumer psychology course,higher vocational consumer psychology needs teaching reform..These teaching reform measures include constructing professional teaching faculty,scientifically selecting and developing applied teaching material,rationally selecting and designing teaching content,reforming the traditional single teaching method,and innovating teaching evaluation method.%《消费心理学》是高职连锁经营管理专业的一门重要的必修课程和专业基础课程。鉴于《消费心理学》课程特点和教学过程中存在的问题,课程需要进行教学改革,提出了建设专业的教学师资队伍、科学选用和开发适用教材、合理选择和设计的教学内容、改革传统单一的教学方法、改革与创新教学考核方式的教学改革措施。

  20. Behavioural psychology, marketing and consumer behaviour : a literature review and future research agenda.

    OpenAIRE

    Wells, V.K.

    2014-01-01

    Psychology, along with a wide range of other academic disciplines, has influenced research in both consumer behaviour and marketing. However, the influence of one area of psychology – namely, behaviourism – on research on consumers and marketing has been less prominent. Behaviourism has influenced consumer and marketing research through the application of classical and operant conditioning, matching and foraging theories, amongst other frameworks, during the past 50 years. This article provid...

  1. Nation-Level Indicators of Gender Equity in Psychological Research: Theoretical and Methodological Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyde, Janet Shibley

    2012-01-01

    Power and inequality are central concepts in feminist theory and practice. Yet, with a few notable exceptions, there is relatively little empirical research on gender and power within feminist psychology. A search of PsycINFO for articles published in "Psychology of Women Quarterly" for the years 2000-2011 yielded only 14 empirical articles with…

  2. Roles for Software Technologies in Advancing Research and Theory in Educational Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadwin, Allyson F.; Winne, Philip H.; Nesbit, John C.

    2005-01-01

    While reviews abound on theoretical topics in educational psychology, it is rare that we examine our field's instrumentation development, and what effects this has on educational psychology's evolution. To repair this gap, this paper investigates and reveals the implications of software technologies for researching and theorizing about core issues…

  3. Characteristics of Intervention Research in School Psychology Journals: 2010-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarreal, Victor; Castro, Maria J.; Umaña, Ileana; Sullivan, Jeremy R.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to provide an updated content analysis of articles published in major journals of school psychology spanning the years 2010-2014, with an emphasis on intervention research (including intervention and participant characteristics). Six journals--"School Psychology Review," "School Psychology…

  4. Gaming the gamer? – The ethics of exploiting psychological research in video games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Søraker, Johnny Hartz

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the ethical implications of video game companies employing psychologists and using psychological research in game design. Design/methodology/approach The author first argues that exploiting psychology in video games may be more ethically problemat

  5. Declining Counseling Research in Counseling Psychology Journals: Is the Sky Falling?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichtenberg, James W.

    2011-01-01

    Scheel et al. note a rather precipitous decline over the past 30 years in the number and proportion of counseling-related research articles appearing in "Journal of Counseling Psychology" ("JCP") and "The Counseling Psychologist" ("TCP"). Certainly, counseling psychology as a field has changed over its 65-year history, and a great deal of that…

  6. Designing psychological co-research of emancipatory-technical relevance across age thresholds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chimirri, Niklas Alexander

    2015-01-01

    The requirement that theoretical and empirical research is to sustainably benefit not only the nominal researcher, but also the other research participants, is deeply embedded in the conceptual-analytical framework of Psychology from the Standpoint of the Subject (PSS) and its co-researcher princ......The requirement that theoretical and empirical research is to sustainably benefit not only the nominal researcher, but also the other research participants, is deeply embedded in the conceptual-analytical framework of Psychology from the Standpoint of the Subject (PSS) and its co...

  7. The teaching reform of higher vocational marketing professional "consumer psychology"%高职市场营销专业《消费心理学》教学改革的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕宇栋

    2013-01-01

    "Consumer psychology" is a core course for students of marketing major in higher vocational colleges. Grasp the consumer psychology and behavior in the consumption activities, is one of the most important learning tasks of students of marketing major in higher vocational colleges must complete, is the essential core professional quality after graduation engaged in marketing. But the teaching material and teaching method in higher vocational colleges at the present stage in the "consumer psychology professor" time, there are many problems, can not meet the needs of training applied talents, it is necessary to improve.%  《消费心理学》是高职市场营销专业学生的核心课程。掌握消费者在消费活动中的心理特征和行为规律,是高职院校市场营销专业学生必须完成的最重要的学习任务之一,也是毕业后从事市场营销工作必不可少的核心专业素质。但现阶段各高职院校在教授《消费心理学》时所采用的教材和教学方法上,都存在诸多方面的问题,不能适应培养应用型高级人才的需要,很有改进的必要。

  8. Feminism and psychology: analysis of a half-century of research on women and gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagly, Alice H; Eaton, Asia; Rose, Suzanna M; Riger, Stephanie; McHugh, Maureen C

    2012-04-01

    Starting in the 1960s, feminists argued that the discipline of psychology had neglected the study of women and gender and misrepresented women in its research and theories. Feminists also posed many questions worthy of being addressed by psychological science. This call for research preceded the emergence of a new and influential body of research on gender and women that grew especially rapidly during the period of greatest feminist activism. The descriptions of this research presented in this article derive from searches of the journal articles cataloged by PsycINFO for 1960-2009. These explorations revealed (a) a concentration of studies in basic research areas investigating social behavior and individual dispositions and in many applied areas, (b) differing trajectories of research on prototypical topics, and (c) diverse theoretical orientations that authors have not typically labeled as feminist. The considerable dissemination of this research is evident in its dispersion beyond gender-specialty journals into a wide range of other journals, including psychology's core review and theory journals, as well as in its coverage in introductory psychology textbooks. In this formidable body of research, psychological science has reflected the profound changes in the status of women during the last half-century and addressed numerous questions that these changes have posed. Feminism served to catalyze this research area, which grew beyond the bounds of feminist psychology to incorporate a very large array of theories, methods, and topics.

  9. Research on the Application of the Game Method in the Football Teaching in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校足球教学中游戏方法的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘翀; 吴佐

    2016-01-01

    随着校园足球在我国各级学校的开展,越来越多的学校将足球作为公共体育教学的重要内容,通过足球教学的开展,提高了学生的身体素质与协助的能力,促进了学生的心理健康发育,足球运动成为了校园体育发展的重要内容,本文主要就高职院校足球教学中游戏方法的应用进行研究,希望通过本文的研究,为高职院校足球教学的有效开展提供一些参考。%As the campus football in our schools carry out at all levels, more and more schools will take football as an important content of the public sports teaching, through the development of football teaching and improve the ability of student's physical quality and assist, promote the students' psychological health development, football has become the important content of the development of campus sports. In this paper, the game method of football teaching in Higher Vocational Colleges in application research, hope through this research, for football teaching in higher vocational col-leges provide some reference.

  10. The compliance management of psychological education in higher vocational college students%依从心理在高职院校学生教育管理中应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁艳清; 孙开进

    2014-01-01

    通过对基于依从心理的沟通技巧运用,介绍了低球手法、承诺、互惠、引起注意、以退为进、提供归因等沟通原则在高职学生教育管理中的应用。%Use compliance psychology of communication skills, this paper introduces the low ball technique, commitment, and reciprocity, attention, and slide backwards, provide attribution principle of communication in the application of the students in higher vocational education management.

  11. How to Improve the Sense of Learning Efficiency for Secondary Vocational Students from the Perspective of Positive Psychology%积极心理学视野下中职学生学习效能感的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文代君

    2013-01-01

    文章从积极心理学的视角出发,提出在教学过程中践行希望、快乐、幸福的教育理念,以期提高中职学生的学习效能感。%This article ties to carry out the educational concept of hope , joy and happiness in the practice of teaching from the perspective of positive psychology so as to improve the sense of learning efficiency in second -ary vocational students .

  12. Positive Psychology Group Counseling for New Students of Higher Vocational Schools%积极心理学团体辅导对高职新生的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶红萍; 陆伟

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨积极心理学团体辅导对高职新生主观幸福感的影响。方法:将50位高职新生随机分组,实验组接受为期10周、每周一次的积极心理学团体辅导,将其余学生列入等候名单,设为对照组,比较两组团体辅导前后主观幸福感有无差异,分析团体辅导中的疗效因素。结果:1)经过10周的积极心理学团体辅导后,实验组的主观幸福感各项指标均高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义。2)高职新生积极心理学团体辅导中,重要的疗效因子依次为:存在意识因子、团体凝聚力、情绪宣泄。结论:积极心理学团体辅导能有效提高高职学生的主观幸福感,存在意识、团体凝聚力和情感宣泄是积极心理学团体辅导发挥积极影响的重要因素。%Objective To investigate the effectiveness of positive psychology group counseling on the subjective well-being of new students of vocational institute.Methods:50 new students of vocational institute were randomized to Positive Psychology Group Counseling as experiment group or waiting list as control group for an 10-week observation.Index of well-being were administered to compare independently both at baseline and at the end of 10th week.The important therapeutic factor was also suryeyed.Result:1)Compared to control group,after 10-week positive psychology group counseling,index of well-being of the experiment group is significantly higher.2)The important therapeutic factors in positive psychology group counseling were existential factors,group cohesiveness,catharsis.Conclu sion:Positive psychology group counseling can heighten the subjective well-being of new students of vocational institute.Existential factors,group cohesiveness,catharsis play significant role in positive psychology group counseling.

  13. Psychological issues in cleft lip and cleft palate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sousa Avinash

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Vocational and social issues affect rehabilitation and development of patients with cleft lip and cleft palate. However, psychological problems like lowered self esteem and difficulties in social interaction have also been noted in them. Not many pediatric reconstructive surgery teams have a psychiatrist on their panel. It is likely that psychological problems are higher in incidence than literature actually suggests. Hence it is very essential that such cases are identified by the surgical team to maximize positive outcome of surgery and rehabilitation. This study discusses psychological issues revolving around cleft lip and cleft palate along with lacunae in many psychological research studies.

  14. Review of the Application of Positive Psychology to Substance Use, Addiction, and Recovery Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krentzman, Amy R.

    2012-01-01

    Advances in positive psychology have grown exponentially over the past decade. The addictions field has experienced its own growth in a positive direction, embodied by the recovery movement. Despite parallel developments, and great momentum on both sides, there has been little crosspollination. This review introduces positive psychology and the recovery movement, describes the research on positive psychology in the addictions, and discusses future avenues of theory, research, and intervention based on a positive-psychology framework. A systematic review of positive psychology applied to substance use, addiction, and recovery found nine studies which are discussed according to the following themes: theoretical propositions, character strengths and drinking, positive psychology and recovery, positive interventions, and addiction: feeling good and feeling bad. The current scholarship is scant, but diverse, covering a wide range of populations (adults, adolescents, those in and out of treatment), topics (character strengths, recovery, positive affect), and addictive behaviors (work addiction, cigarette smoking, and alcohol use disorders). There is diversity, too, in country of origin, with work originating in the US, UK, Poland, and Spain. The rigorous application of the lens, tools, and approaches of positive psychology to addiction research generally, and to the aims of the recovery movement specifically, has potential for the development of theory and innovation in prevention and intervention. Further, because the work in positive psychology has primarily focused on microsystems, it may be primed to make contributions to the predominantly macro-systems focus of the recovery movement. PMID:22985057

  15. Review of the application of positive psychology to substance use, addiction, and recovery research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krentzman, Amy R

    2013-03-01

    Advances in positive psychology have grown exponentially over the past decade. The addictions field has experienced its own growth in a positive direction, embodied by the recovery movement. Despite parallel developments, and great momentum on both sides, there has been little crosspollination. This article introduces positive psychology and the recovery movement, describes the research on positive psychology in the addictions, and discusses future avenues of theory, research, and intervention based on a positive-psychology framework. A systematic review of positive psychology applied to substance use, addiction, and recovery found nine studies which are discussed according to the following themes: theoretical propositions, character strengths and drinking, positive psychology and recovery, positive interventions, and addiction: feeling good and feeling bad. The current scholarship is scant, but diverse, covering a wide range of populations (adults, adolescents, those in and out of treatment), topics (character strengths, recovery, positive affect), and addictive behaviors (work addiction, cigarette smoking, and alcohol use disorders). There is diversity, too, in country of origin, with work originating in the U.S., U.K., Poland, and Spain. The rigorous application of the lens, tools, and approaches of positive psychology to addiction research generally, and to the aims of the recovery movement specifically, has potential for the development of theory and innovation in prevention and intervention. Further, because the work in positive psychology has primarily focused on microsystems, it may be primed to make contributions to the predominantly macrosystems focus of the recovery movement. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  16. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  17. Critical Perspectives on Adolescent Vocational Guidance in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Ellen Hawley; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the lens of critical psychology is applied to adolescent career development and vocational guidance in Chile. The authors describe and critique the status of adolescent vocational guidance in Chile, the reproduction of extant social inequities in Chilean education, and offer recommendations for enhancing vocational guidance…

  18. From theory to application and back again: implications of research on medical expertise for psychological theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, Geoffrey

    2005-03-01

    Research directed at an understanding of medical expertise is about 30 years old, and many developments in this literature parallel progress in cognitive psychology. Over the past 15 years or so, this research became much more closely identified with particular psychological theories. Initial forays into medicine were essentially direct applications of methods developed in the psychology lab to the more natural domain of medicine, with varying degrees of success. These attempts were followed by a second wave that took the psychological theories themselves more seriously in a more thoughtful application of psychological methods to the medical domain. I will argue in the present paper that the methods and theories used in the study of medical expertise have advanced to the point that there is some reverse flow and they are providing a unique and valuable perspective on the nature of thinking.

  19. The Lure of Psychology for Education and Educational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smeyers, Paul; Depaepe, Marc

    2012-01-01

    Psychology has penetrated many domains of society and its vocabulary and discourse has become part of our everyday conversations. It not only carries with it the promise that it will deliver insights into human behaviour, but it is also believed that it can address many of the problems human beings are confronted with. As a discipline it thrives…

  20. Wood or Laminate?—Psychological Research of Customer Expectations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Jiménez

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Wood is generally associated with being practical, aesthetic and economy-friendly. Using wood in interior settings also can be based on psychological expectations and assumptions, as wood is attributed as warmer, more homely, more relaxing and more inviting. However, when investigating psychological differences, wood is usually compared to carpets, glass, leather, stone, or plastic but is not compared to a visually similar material such as laminate. The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the various psychological characteristics related to wooden and laminate materials in interior settings. The experimental design was a 2 × 2 design (material, sequence with repeated measures for material. Forty participants were asked to evaluate a framed piece of wood floor and a framed piece of laminate floor regarding technical, practical, and psychological aspects. Further, three questions about one’s purchase decision were asked. The results show that the wooden floor was evaluated significantly better than the laminate floor regarding “materials and processing”, “atmosphere”, and “values and symbolic functions”. For the criterion “health”, a tendency in favor of wood could be found. In addition, the participants would more likely recommend and purchase wooden products and also accept more deficiencies in wooden products.

  1. A Model and a Metalanguage for Research on Psychological Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Michael J.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    A model of two-person interaction in psychological counseling, which is derived from Alfred Schutz's phenomenological theory of social relations, and a computer-assisted metalanguage based on case-grammar theory are presented, and their applicability to the analysis of natural language in counseling is argued. (Author)

  2. Academic Boot Camp for the Writing of Psychology Research Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skues, Jason L.; Wise, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    Herein, we describe the implementation of, and responses to, a structured writing workshop in the form of an academic boot camp. Participants were 42 undergraduate psychology students from a medium-sized Australian university who were completing their major assignment for the semester. A majority of the students expressed satisfaction with the…

  3. Research Forum on Psychological Treatment of Adults with ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Margaret; Safren, Steven A.; Solanto, Mary V.; Hechtman, Lily; Rostain, Anthony L.; Ramsay, J. Russell; Murray, Candice

    2008-01-01

    Background: A literature search found five empirical studies of psychological treatment for adults with ADHD, out of 1,419 articles on ADHD in adults. Practice guidelines to date all recommend multimodal intervention, given that a significant number of patients cannot tolerate, do not respond to, or fail to reach optimal outcomes with medication…

  4. Coverage of Research Ethics in Introductory and Social Psychology Textbooks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korn, James H.

    1984-01-01

    A content analysis of college-level introductory and social psychology textbooks showed that many texts do not discuss ethics at all and, if they do, it is usually in one or two pages. Things that classroom teachers can do to fill this important gap are discussed. (RM)

  5. Ethnography in Counseling Psychology Research: Possibilities for Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Lisa A.; Ahluwalia, Muninder K.; Mattis, Jacqueline S.; Quizon, Cherubim A.

    2005-01-01

    The emphasis placed on prolonged engagement, fieldwork, and participant observation has prevented wide-scale use of ethnography in counseling psychology. This article provides a discussion of ethnography in terms of definition, process, and potential ethical dilemmas. The authors propose that ethnographically informed methods can enhance…

  6. Academic Boot Camp for the Writing of Psychology Research Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skues, Jason L.; Wise, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    Herein, we describe the implementation of, and responses to, a structured writing workshop in the form of an academic boot camp. Participants were 42 undergraduate psychology students from a medium-sized Australian university who were completing their major assignment for the semester. A majority of the students expressed satisfaction with the…

  7. The Lure of Psychology for Education and Educational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smeyers, Paul; Depaepe, Marc

    2012-01-01

    Psychology has penetrated many domains of society and its vocabulary and discourse has become part of our everyday conversations. It not only carries with it the promise that it will deliver insights into human behaviour, but it is also believed that it can address many of the problems human beings are confronted with. As a discipline it thrives…

  8. INTEGRATING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES WITH INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE, A RESEARCH REPORT OF A GRADUATE STUDY. RESEARCH SERIES IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BENDER, RALPH E.; STARLING, JOHN T.

    TO DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF INTEGRATING BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES WITH INSTRUCTION IN VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE IN OHIO HIGH SCHOOLS, 15 PILOT SCHOOLS AND 8 CONTROL SCHOOLS WERE STUDIED. PRETESTS ADMINISTERED TO STUDENTS IN OCTOBER 1963 WERE AN AGRICULTURAL ACHIEVEMENT TEST, A BIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES TEST, THE CALIFORNIA SHORT-FORM TEST OF MENTAL…

  9. A Study on the Learning Psychology of Vocational College Students and the Optimization of the Educational Pattern%浅议高职学生学习心理及教育模式的优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭志戎

    2015-01-01

    Taking Zhengzhou Railway Vocational&.Technical College for example,based on the analyses of relevant questionnaires and interviews,this article reveals the psychological problems of vocational college students,analyzes related causes,and puts forward suggestions on the optimization of the educational pattern like enhancing students’ degree of recognition of higher vocational education,increasing the proportion of practical teaching,changing the educational pattern,arousing their desire of learning,raising their creativity and emphasizing the education of humanistic education.%以铁路职业技术学院为对象,通过分析调查问卷和访谈的结果,揭示高职学生存在的心理问题,并分析其心理问题产生的原因,提出优化教育模式的建议,包括提高学生对高职教育的认可度、提高实践能力教学所占的比例、转变教育模式、激发学习欲望、提升学生创造力、注重人文素质教育等。

  10. Applying a Typology to Vocational Aspirations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holland, John L.; Gottfredson, Gary D.

    The psychological meaning and predictive value of a person's vocational aspirations were examined by applying Holland's typology to the vocational aspirations of high school juniors (N=1,005), college juniors (N=692), employed adults (N=140), and a second sample of college students studied over a 1 year interval (N=624). The aspirational data were…

  11. The 71F Advantage: Applying Army Research Psychology for Health and Performance Gains

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    Duval, T.S. and Wicklund, R.A. (1972). A theory of objective self-awareness. New York: Academic. Ellis, W. (1997). A source book of Gestalt psychology ...Research Psychology for Health and Performance Gains 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e...Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 The 71F Advantage: Applying Army Research Psychology for Health and Performance Gains Edited by

  12. Sport Psychological Skills of College Student Athletes——Taking Guangdong Vocational Institute of Sport for Example%大学生运动员运动心理技能研究——以广东体育职业技术学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王少璞; 漆昌柱

    2015-01-01

    采用文献法、访谈法、问卷调查法以及统计分析法,对广东体育职业技术学院 419名大学生运动员的运动心理技能进行了深入分析研究,试图揭示大学生运动员在运动心理技能上的现状,为大学生运动员的培养提供参考建议.%Based on the method of literature, interviews, questionnaire and statistical analysis, the paper researched Guangdong Sports Vocational and Technical College student athletes' psychological skills, in order to reveal its present situation, and suggest for training student athletes.

  13. The Vocational Development of Non-College-Bound Youth: Counseling Psychology and the School-to-Work Transition Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worthington, Roger L.; Juntunen, Cindy L.

    1997-01-01

    Attempts to involve counseling psychologists in the school-to-work movement by exploring theory building, research, training, and practice. Focuses on youth labor market issues in school-to-work transitions; legislation influencing such transitions; the strengths, limitations, and risks of the school-to-work transition movement; and diversity…

  14. Psychology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøgersen, John

    2013-01-01

    Economic arguments, such as saving money, are often used to promote pro-environmental actions — for example, reducing energy use. However, research shows that people’s environmental motives are sometimes better drivers of behavioural change....

  15. The interface of self psychology, infant research, and neuroscience in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rustin, Judith

    2009-04-01

    This article focuses on the integration of self psychology with findings from infant research and neuroscience. While Kohut's psychology of the self provides a useful theoretical model for psychoanalytic practice, aspects of infant research and neuroscience offer specificity and nuance to basic self-psychological concepts. Kohut proposed that self-psychological psychoanalysis ameliorates derailed development through patient-analyst interaction, while a listening stance of empathic immersion begins the curative process of derailed development and sets the stage for reparative psychoanalytic work. Findings from infant research delineate much more specifically the nature of attunement both in early mother-infant and analyst-patient interactions. Findings from neuroscientific research delineate how early mother-infant experiences are encoded in implicit memory and explicates the emotional substrate of affects and feelings. This emotional substrate exists at birth and provides a means of communication both in infancy and adulthood. Additionally, infant research delineates the mutuality of the interactive process. Thus, both infant research and neuroscience add subtlety and nuance to basic self-psychological concepts. This subtlety opens up new ways of understanding patients and expands the clinical repertoire. Three clinical vignettes demonstrate how this nuance and expansion of self-psychological concepts are applied in the context of an ongoing psychoanalytic treatment.

  16. 案例报告:高职女生人际关系引起的一般心理问题%A Case Report:Common Psychological Problems Caused by a Higher Vocational Female Student's Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄真

    2016-01-01

    人际关系问题是现代大学生常见的心理问题,本案例记述了一位高职女生人际交往不良的问题,记述了咨询师从建立关系、检查诊断、明确目标、选定方案、到追踪反馈、巩固咨询成效,所经历的心理咨询的全过程。%Interpersonal problems are common psychological problems of contemporary college students. This case is about a higher vocational female student's abnormal interpersonal rela-tionship, recording the entire process of the psychological coun-seling including relation establishment, examination and diagno-sis, clarification of the objective, selection of the scheme, feed-back and consolidation of the counseling result.

  17. On the construction of psychological crisis intervention system in higher vocational colleges%高职院校心理危机干预体系构建探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晓莹

    2012-01-01

      危机干预工作是高校心理健康的重要内容,本研究旨在探讨高职院校大学生心理危机的特点,建立科学有效的危机干预体系,为高职院校学生工作的顺利开展奠定基础。%  Crisis intervention is the important content of college psychological health of vocational college students, because of the particularity of the students, present study is to investigate the characteristics of college students' psychological crisis, establish a scientific and effective crisis intervention system for college students, to lay a foundation for the smooth development of the work.

  18. Reflections on the Psychological Quality Education of Vocational College Students%关于高职院校学生心理素质教育的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭志戎

    2015-01-01

    In the modern society of large pressure,the life pressure of higher vocational students is more and more serious after graduation,,students is full of confusion and depression for their future.Therefore,it's imminent to carry out students'psycho-logical quality education in high schools.Students are in the transitional period before entering into the society in psychology or in life.Facing the pressure of life and employment,their psychological quality are not very ideal.In recent years of the psycho-logical quality survey of higher college students has showed that the depression is very serious and various phenomena indicate that there is no delay in strengthening the students'psychological quality education in higher vocational colleges.This paper makes analysis on how to strengthen the psychological education of students in higher vocational colleges.%在压力过大的现代社会中,高职学生毕业后的生活压力越来越大,在校学生对自己的未来充满迷茫,逐渐抑郁,因此在高中院校中展开学生心理素质教育迫在眉睫。在校学生无论在心理还是在生活上都处在步入社会前的转变期,面对就业和生活的压力他们的心理素质都不是很理想。在最近几年高职院校学生心理素质调查显示中,校园抑郁症十分严重,各种现象表明加强高职院校学生心理素质教育刻不容缓。本文对如何加强高职院校学生的心理教育展开思考。

  19. An overview of industrial and organisational psychology research in South Africa: A preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dries Schreuder

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The generation and development of knowledge for the benefit of the discipline of industrial and organisational psychology by means of research is a core academic focus.Research purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore general research trends in the field of industrial and organisational psychology in South Africa from 1950 to 2008.Motivation for study: Research in the field tends to be influenced by either the changing needs of business or the occupational or personal fields of interest of academics, which often lead to an overemphasis on specific subdisciplines at the expense of others. This research aims to critically review dominant trends in the research focus areas in the field, in the light of present challenges in the changing work context. Recommendations are also made for possible future research.Research design, approach and method: A broad systematic review was carried out to analyse documented published and accredited South African research in the field (n = 2501.Main findings: Although there has been a proportional decline in personnel psychology research since 1990, there has been a proportional increase in both organisational psychology and employee wellness research since 1980 and 1990, respectively. Some areas of the industrial and organisational psychology field appear to be consistently under-researched.Practical implications: The insights derived from the findings can be used by academia and researchers in the field to plan future research initiatives.Contribution/value-add: The findings provide preliminary insights that contribute to the body of knowledge concerned with the industrial and organisational psychology field in the South African context.

  20. Between Bandura and Giddens: Structuration Theory in Social Psychological Research?

    OpenAIRE

    Seth Oppong

    2014-01-01

    In any social analysis, one can attribute observed behavioural outcomes to actions and inactions of people (agents) or to the presence or absence of certain structures or systems. The dualism of agent and structure is resolved through the concept of duality as proposed by Anthony Giddens in his structuration theory (ST). Though ST has been applied in other disciplines, it is either less known or applied in psychology. This paper sought to examine ST as a framework for understanding the interd...

  1. The Role of Vocational Education and Training in the Labour Market Outcomes of People with Disabilities. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polidano, Cain; Mavromaras, Kostas

    2010-01-01

    Low levels of education generally among people with a disability is one of the factors contributing to their lower rate of labour market participation. What role vocational education and training (VET) plays in ameliorating this is the focus of this report. Using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics of Australia surveys, the report…

  2. Increase Vocational Students' Psychological Capital to Deal with the Learning Anxiety in the Process of Growing--Cause Analysis and Countermeasures of Rural Vocational Students' Learning Anxiety%提高中职学生心理资本应对成长过程中的学习焦虑--农村中职生学习焦虑的成因分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马香桃

    2014-01-01

    Learning anxiety prevalent in rural secondary vocational school students is an important factor affecting gro-wth of secondary vocational school students ' mental health. Based on factors contributing to formation of vocational school students ' anxiety psychology in conducting investigations and analysis, I found that rural vocational school stu-dents ' learning anxiety caused mainly due to their lack of positive psychological capital for the growth of self. By studying educational psychology theory and according to his teaching practice, put forward by education teaching management in the process of improving the rural secondary vocational students' psychological capital can respond effectively to the gro-wing anxiety in the process.%学习焦虑情绪在农村中职生中普遍存在,是影响中职生心理健康成长的重要因素之一。通过对造成中职生学习焦虑心理形成的因素进行调查和分析,笔者发现造成农村中职生学习焦虑的主要原因是他们严重缺乏自我积极成长的心理资本。通过研究教育心理学理论以及结合自身的教育教学实际,笔者提出通过在教育教学管理过程中提高农村中职生的心理资本,可以有效地应对其成长过程中的学习焦虑。

  3. Research on Mental Health of Higher Vocational College Students and Sports Intervention Method%高职院校学生心理健康与体育干预方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁小燕

    2016-01-01

    With the increasing pressure of social employment,higher vocational college students'psychological pressure begins to rise,leading to many mental health problems among students,such as anxiety,depression, doubt,fear,self -conceitedness,paranoia and neurasthenia.These are the main performance of students’mental health problems and will seriously affect their normal learning and life in school.Sports intervention can effectively prevent and improve the mental health status of students in higher vocational colleges,so it is necessary to strengthen researches on sports intervention methods in accordance with the characteristics and mental health status of students in higher vocational colleges to constantly improve their physical and mental health.%随着社会就业压力的不断增大,高职学生的心理压力开始不断上升,因此导致学生产生了很多的心理健康问题,如焦虑、抑郁、疑虑、恐怖、自负、偏执以及神经衰弱等,都是学生出现心理健康问题的主要表现,这会严重影响学生在学校正常的学习与生活。而体育干预能够有效预防和改善高职学生的心理健康状况,所以有必要针对高职院校学生的特点和心理健康状况,加强体育干预方法方面的研究,以促进高职学生身心健康水平的持续改善。

  4. Roles for software technologies in advancing research and theory in educational psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadwin, Allyson F; Winne, Philip H; Nesbit, John C

    2005-03-01

    While reviews abound on theoretical topics in educational psychology, it is rare that we examine our field's instrumentation development, and what effects this has on educational psychology's evolution. To repair this gap, this paper investigates and reveals the implications of software technologies for researching and theorizing about core issues in educational psychology. From a set of approximately 1,500 articles published between 1999 and 2004, we sampled illustrative studies and organized them into four broad themes: (a) innovative ways to operationalize variables, (b) the changing nature of instructional interventions, (c) new fields of research in educational psychology, and (d) new constructs to be examined. In each area, we identify novel uses of these technologies and suggest how they may advance, and, in some instances, reshape theory and methodology. Overall, we demonstrate that software technologies hold significant potential to elaborate research in the field.

  5. Strategy for Scientific Research Topic Selection in Higher Vocational College%高职院校科研选题策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭芬; 吴坚

    2013-01-01

    The scientific research topic selection is the starting point of the research work in higher vocational colleges, is the first step for the higher vocational subject research. In this paper, the existing phenomenon in scientific research topic selection in China's higher vocational colleges was analyzed, and topic selection principle in the process of higher vocational scientific research topic selection was proposed, to carry out selection in premise of grasping necessary topic selection method and clearing purpose.%科研选题是高职院校科研工作的起点,是高职课题研究迈出的第一步.文章对目前我国高职院校科研选题存在现象进行了分析,提出了在高职科研选题过程需要结合一定的选题原则,在掌握必要的选题方法和明确的目的前提下进行选择.

  6. Applicative Research on Psychological Demand of Audience and the TAXI for People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Caixia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Whether TAXI for People from Beijing traffic channel, the only special program customized for taxi driver in Beijing, knows about the psychological feature of the certain taxi group is an important factor that affects the development of program. Based on demand theory of psychology, this article uses the questionnaire method to find out the psychological feature and lifestyle of audience, and discusses the degree to the TAXI for People which meets the psychological demand of taxi driver audience by analysis on the program content. It is said from the research that the TAXI for People basically meets the psychological demand from taxi drivers. However, this program shall focus more on their basic needs and provide the opportunity for the audience to participate in the program and activity.

  7. A brief measure of attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynne D. Roberts

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of mixed methods research in psychology has trailed behind other social science disciplines. Teaching psychology students, academics and practitioners about mixed methodologies may increase the use of mixed methods within the discipline. However, tailoring and evaluating education and training in mixed methodologies requires an understanding of, and way of measuring, attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology. To date, no such measure exists. In this article we present the development and initial validation of a new measure: Attitudes toward Mixed Methods Research in Psychology. A pool of 42 items developed from previous qualitative research on attitudes toward mixed methods research along with validation measures was administered via an online survey to a convenience sample of 274 psychology students, academics and psychologists. Principal axis factoring with varimax rotation on a subset of the sample produced a four-factor, 12-item solution. Confirmatory factor analysis on a separate subset of the sample indicated that a higher order four factor model provided the best fit to the data. The four factors; ‘Limited Exposure’, ‘(inCompatibility’, ‘Validity’ and ‘Tokenistic Qualitative Component’; each have acceptable internal reliability. Known groups validity analyses based on preferred research orientation and self-rated mixed methods research skills, and convergent and divergent validity analyses based on measures of attitudes towards psychology as a science and scientist and practitioner orientation, provide initial validation of the measure. This brief, internally reliable measure can be used in assessing attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology, measuring change in attitudes as part of the evaluation of mixed methods education, and in larger research programs.

  8. A brief measure of attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Lynne D.; Povee, Kate

    2014-01-01

    The adoption of mixed methods research in psychology has trailed behind other social science disciplines. Teaching psychology students, academics, and practitioners about mixed methodologies may increase the use of mixed methods within the discipline. However, tailoring and evaluating education and training in mixed methodologies requires an understanding of, and way of measuring, attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology. To date, no such measure exists. In this article we present the development and initial validation of a new measure: Attitudes toward Mixed Methods Research in Psychology. A pool of 42 items developed from previous qualitative research on attitudes toward mixed methods research along with validation measures was administered via an online survey to a convenience sample of 274 psychology students, academics and psychologists. Principal axis factoring with varimax rotation on a subset of the sample produced a four-factor, 12-item solution. Confirmatory factor analysis on a separate subset of the sample indicated that a higher order four factor model provided the best fit to the data. The four factors; ‘Limited Exposure,’ ‘(in)Compatibility,’ ‘Validity,’ and ‘Tokenistic Qualitative Component’; each have acceptable internal reliability. Known groups validity analyses based on preferred research orientation and self-rated mixed methods research skills, and convergent and divergent validity analyses based on measures of attitudes toward psychology as a science and scientist and practitioner orientation, provide initial validation of the measure. This brief, internally reliable measure can be used in assessing attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology, measuring change in attitudes as part of the evaluation of mixed methods education, and in larger research programs. PMID:25429281

  9. A brief measure of attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Lynne D; Povee, Kate

    2014-01-01

    The adoption of mixed methods research in psychology has trailed behind other social science disciplines. Teaching psychology students, academics, and practitioners about mixed methodologies may increase the use of mixed methods within the discipline. However, tailoring and evaluating education and training in mixed methodologies requires an understanding of, and way of measuring, attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology. To date, no such measure exists. In this article we present the development and initial validation of a new measure: Attitudes toward Mixed Methods Research in Psychology. A pool of 42 items developed from previous qualitative research on attitudes toward mixed methods research along with validation measures was administered via an online survey to a convenience sample of 274 psychology students, academics and psychologists. Principal axis factoring with varimax rotation on a subset of the sample produced a four-factor, 12-item solution. Confirmatory factor analysis on a separate subset of the sample indicated that a higher order four factor model provided the best fit to the data. The four factors; 'Limited Exposure,' '(in)Compatibility,' 'Validity,' and 'Tokenistic Qualitative Component'; each have acceptable internal reliability. Known groups validity analyses based on preferred research orientation and self-rated mixed methods research skills, and convergent and divergent validity analyses based on measures of attitudes toward psychology as a science and scientist and practitioner orientation, provide initial validation of the measure. This brief, internally reliable measure can be used in assessing attitudes toward mixed methods research in psychology, measuring change in attitudes as part of the evaluation of mixed methods education, and in larger research programs.

  10. Disability research in counseling psychology journals: a 20-year content analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Lee, Sharon

    2012-07-01

    We conducted an exploratory content analysis of disability research in 5 major counseling psychology journals between 1990 and 2010. The goal was to review the counseling psychology literature to better understand the prevalence of disability research, identify research methods most often conducted, and elucidate the types of concerns most studied. We searched 5 journals (Journal of Counseling & Development, Journal of Counseling Psychology, The Counseling Psychologist, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, and Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology) using keywords derived from disability terms defined by the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA). Articles were categorized by methodology and disability category examined. We found that disability research continues to comprise an extremely small amount (from less than 1% to 2.7%) of the counseling psychology literature, with the frequency of articles plateauing in recent years. The research design of articles published has changed, with an increased number of empirical articles and a decrease in literature reviews. We conclude by calling for increased empirical investigation of disability among journals specific to counseling psychology to recognize disability as an important aspect of diversity within the field.

  11. Practical Study of Promoting Higher Vocational Students' Employment Ability by Teamwork Psychological Training%团体心理训练提升高职学生就业能力实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李侠

    2011-01-01

    In order to promote higher vocational students' employment ability,the teamwork psychological training of 33 higher vocational second-year students whose families are poor is made.It shows that teamwork psychological training plays a certain role in incre%以提升高职学生就业能力为目的,通过对33名高职二年级家庭困难学生的团体心理训练研究,得出了团体心理训练在提高学生的心理健康水平从而提升高职学生就业能力具有一定的作用。主要表现在:情绪管理能力的提升完善了学生就业压力应对及问题处理能力;自我认识与接纳水平的提升保障了学生就业自信心及合理定位能力;人际交往与信任合作水平的提升促进了学生的职业发展能力;价值观的澄清与创造力的提升挖掘了学生职业的反思和创新能力。

  12. 浅谈当前高职院校学生英语学习之心理问题%On Psychological Problems of Current Higher Vocational College Students' English Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海燕

    2012-01-01

      With the constant progress of the society and the trend of internationalization, for college students, the importance of English is self-evident, the reality puts forward higher requirements of students, the vocational school student quality is not good, the basis of poor English is an unavoidable fact. How can that just a few years to help them improve their English level? Therefore, through relevant documents, and combine with the own city and the surrounding city vocational college, this article gives practical analysis, found the problem, finally proposes the corresponding English learning psychological problems and teaching strategies, and provides certain references for positive psychology about learning English .%  本文通过查阅相关文献资料,并结合浙江台州及周边城市高职院校的实际进行分析,从中发现问题,纠其原因,最后提出相应的解决英语学习心理问题的教学策略,为提升高职院校学生学习英语的积极心理提供一定的参考及借鉴。

  13. Concerning and Guidance on Employment Psychology of Higher Vocational and Technical College Graduate Students%论高职毕业生的就业心态及其正确引导

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜晓霞

    2011-01-01

    高职毕业生要在激烈的就业竞争中胜出是很困难的,因而他们的就业心态种种:自暴自弃型;自强不息型;怀才不遇型;投机取巧型.本文主要通过对高职毕业生就业心态的探索,进而提出四个引导措施:在对比中给自己合理定位;端正心态,面向基层;做好就业指导和咨询工作;积极创业.%Higher vocational graduates win in the fierce employment competition is very difficult.Their employment psychologies are various:abandon themselves, self-renewal, talent type, and speculative type.This paper explored employment psychologies of vocational students, and then put forward four guide measures: to give yourself a reasonable positioning in contrast, correct attitude and turn to grass-roots, effective employment guidance and consulting work, positive business.

  14. 积极心理治疗范式与职校生心理健康教育策略%Positive Psychotherapie and Psychological Health Education Strategy for Vocational School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琛

    2013-01-01

      Problems remain exists in psychological health education for vocational school students such as negative evaluation, therapeutic objective,bailout-style strategy, dehumanized attitude, and simplified methods. With many professional advantages in it, including positive perspective, developmental aims, self-directed therapy, humanism principle, and open attitude, positive psychotherapie can specifically solve the problems in the psychological health education for vocational school students .%  当前,职校生心理健康教育存在消极化评价、治疗性目标、救助式策略、非人性化态度、单一式方法等问题。积极心理治疗所具有的积极化视角、发展性目标、自助式疗法、人本主义理念、开放式态度等专业优势,能够有针对性地解决职校生心理健康教育工作中存在的问题。

  15. Higher vocational students' employment psychology and control method under the background of new employment pressure%新就业压力背景下高职生就业心理及调控方法刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘振华

    2015-01-01

    At present, higher vocational colege students at a disadvantage on education, employment pressure and bad psychological situation need to be addressed. Therefore, to explore the causes of these problems, corresponding solutions are put forward based on the specific problems, adjustment means, help higher vocational graduates career planning, to do self assessment, improve the psychological quality is the key of the employment guidance.%当前,高职院校学生在学历上处于劣势,各种就业压力和不良心理情况问题较多,亟待解决.为此,探究造成这些问题的原因,并针对这些具体问题提出针对性的解决办法、调整手段,帮助高职毕业生做好职业规划,做好自我评价、提升心理素质是就业指导的重中之重.

  16. 浅论高职学生思想及心理教育导师--辅导员%Introduction to higher vocational college students' ideological and psychological education teachers---counselor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱华

    2014-01-01

    The counselor is the ideological education and psychological health education of higher vocational student,And Is the leader in the higher vocational students of the whole university career,They are the backbone of the education and the main force.So want to be a counselor will have to be to fully understand students' ideologicaland psychological dynamics,And effective short hand with the correct education way to guide students.%辅导员是高职学生思想教育及心理健康教育的导师,是高职学生整个大学生涯中的引路人,是教育的中坚分子和主力军。因此要做好一名辅导员就必须要充分了解学生思想和心理动态,用有效的手段和正确的教育方式来引导学生。

  17. 医学类高职高专学生心理危机的调查分析%Investigation and analysis of students' psychological crisis of higher medical vocational colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康荔; 周曦

    2015-01-01

    本文运用UPI调查问卷,5年来对连续五届医学类高职高专大一学生进行了调查, 发现其心理危机的主要事件排序为:学业(专业)问题、人际(含恋爱)问题、适应问题、身心疾患、经济压力. 因此,医学类高职高专院校应该将主动筛查预防心理危机事件与开展公共必选课《大学生心理健康课》结合,同时配齐心理健康领导小组以及建立完善的危机处理机制.%In this paper,using the UPI questionnaire conducted the survey five years for five consecutive medical vocational freshman,found that the main event of psychological crisis are: Study(professional),interpersonal(include love relation),adaptation,physical and mental illness,economic pressure,therefore,in medical vocational colleges should be active screening for the prevention of psychological crisis and the conduct of public elective course of College Students'mental Health,and complete with mental health leading group and crisis management mechanism.

  18. The Role of Statistics and Research Methods in the Academic Success of Psychology Majors: Do Performance and Enrollment Timing Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freng, Scott; Webber, David; Blatter, Jamin; Wing, Ashley; Scott, Walter D.

    2011-01-01

    Comprehension of statistics and research methods is crucial to understanding psychology as a science (APA, 2007). However, psychology majors sometimes approach methodology courses with derision or anxiety (Onwuegbuzie & Wilson, 2003; Rajecki, Appleby, Williams, Johnson, & Jeschke, 2005); consequently, students may postpone…

  19. The Role of Statistics and Research Methods in the Academic Success of Psychology Majors: Do Performance and Enrollment Timing Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freng, Scott; Webber, David; Blatter, Jamin; Wing, Ashley; Scott, Walter D.

    2011-01-01

    Comprehension of statistics and research methods is crucial to understanding psychology as a science (APA, 2007). However, psychology majors sometimes approach methodology courses with derision or anxiety (Onwuegbuzie & Wilson, 2003; Rajecki, Appleby, Williams, Johnson, & Jeschke, 2005); consequently, students may postpone…

  20. The Role of Psychological Research in the Formation of Policies Affecting Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maccoby, Eleanor, E.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Examines some of the factors that determine whether and how psychological research will affect public policies regarding children. Stresses the importance of the political climate in influencing research utilization and says that researchers must know when to introduce their findings into the policy making process. (Author/MJL)

  1. Trends in Methodological Rigor in Intervention Research Published in School Psychology Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Matthew K.; Klingbeil, David A.; Ysseldyke, James E.; Petersen-Brown, Shawna

    2012-01-01

    Methodological rigor in intervention research is important for documenting evidence-based practices and has been a recent focus in legislation, including the No Child Left Behind Act. The current study examined the methodological rigor of intervention research in four school psychology journals since the 1960s. Intervention research has increased…

  2. Trends in Methodological Rigor in Intervention Research Published in School Psychology Journals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Matthew K.; Klingbeil, David A.; Ysseldyke, James E.; Petersen-Brown, Shawna

    2012-01-01

    Methodological rigor in intervention research is important for documenting evidence-based practices and has been a recent focus in legislation, including the No Child Left Behind Act. The current study examined the methodological rigor of intervention research in four school psychology journals since the 1960s. Intervention research has increased…

  3. The structure of mental health research: networks of influence among psychiatry and clinical psychology journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haslam, N; Lusher, D

    2011-12-01

    Psychiatry and clinical psychology are the two dominant disciplines in mental health research, but the structure of scientific influence and information flow within and between them has never been mapped. Citations among 96 of the highest impact psychiatry and clinical psychology journals were examined, based on 10 052 articles published in 2008. Network analysis explored patterns of influence between journal clusters. Psychiatry journals tended to have greater influence than clinical psychology journals, and their influence was asymmetrical: clinical psychology journals cited psychiatry journals at a much higher rate than the reverse. Eight journal clusters were found, most dominated by a single discipline. Their citation network revealed an influential central cluster of 'core psychiatry' journals that had close affinities with a 'psychopharmacology' cluster. A group of 'core clinical psychology' journals was linked to a 'behavior therapy' cluster but both were subordinate to psychiatry journals. Clinical psychology journals were less integrated than psychiatry journals, and 'health psychology/behavioral medicine' and 'neuropsychology' clusters were relatively peripheral to the network. Scientific publication in the mental health field is largely organized along disciplinary lines, and is to some degree hierarchical, with clinical psychology journals tending to be structurally subordinate to psychiatry journals.

  4. Do psychological factors play a crucial role in sport performance? – Research on personality and psychological variables of athletes in Hungary

    OpenAIRE

    Gyomber, Noemi; Kovacs, Krisztina; Lenart, Agota

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Contemporary research aims to investigate background factors that contribute to successful sport performance. Of these factors the psychological well-being and mental health status should be underlined that have gained a significant role, particularly in the frames of sport psychological counseling. The aim of the present study is to seek for interrelations of psychological variables and sport performance of young athletes, and to reveal what advantages might be ut...

  5. Reflections of Turkish accounting and financial reporting standards on vocational school students: A research on comparing perceptions of intermediate and mid-level accounting professional candidates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seldüz Hakan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to compare the perceptions of intermediate and mid-level accounting professional candidates on accounting and financial reporting standards. A significant part of accounting process is carried out by vocational school graduate intermediate and mid-level accounting professionals. However, it can be claimed that adequate education about accounting and financial reporting standards isn’t given in vocational schools although these standards structure the whole accounting process. A survey is conducted over students of the related vocational school in Aksaray University. The results indicate no significant difference on students’ perceptions in terms of their school year, high school type, job or internship experience and intention to perform the profession after graduation. These results can be traced to inadequacy of present curriculums and internship programs which can’t create a difference. Based on the results, the content of internship applications is rearranged and an optional subject named as “Accounting and Reporting Standards” is established.

  6. The popularisation of Positive Psychology as a defence against behavioural complexity in research and organisations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frans Cilliers

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Positive Psychology’s focus on positive behaviour has resulted in research and organisational consultants to focus relatively more on positive behaviour, thus avoiding negative and often unconscious behaviour and its manifestations.Research purpose: The aim of the study was to explore the systems psychodynamic nature of the manifesting defensive structures operating in Positive Psychology.Motivation for the study: The study investigated the popularity of Positive Psychology amongst academics, students and organisational consultants and the tendency to avoid the complexity of the relatedness between positive and negative as part of the human condition.Research design, approach and method: Qualitative research by means of a Listening Post was used, consisting of six psychologists in their roles as lecturers and organisational consultants. Thematic analyses led to the formulation of various working hypotheses, integrated into a research hypothesis.Main findings: Four themes manifested – namely, the manifesting defence mechanisms, a reluctance to relinquish positive psychology as an object of hope, a need to guard against being too hasty in breaking down positive psychology and a need for a psychology that can engage us in a conversation about integrating the complexities of the human condition.Practical/managerial implications: The findings were linked to Deo Strümpfer’s work, indicating that Positive Psychology originated in early 20th century psychology, which is indeed not about simplification, but is imbedded in the complexity of various behavioural continua.Contribution/value-add: Academics, students and organisational consultants are encouraged to revisit Strümpfer’s work to ensure that this psychology is appreciated for its depth and quality.

  7. Pilot research on a pupil’s psychological safety in the multicultural educational environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulikova, Tatyana I.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In the modern world, the environment of any educational institution represents a spectrum of ethnic groups and subcultures: a multicultural educational environment. Pupils who are aware of their national identity often demonstrate intolerance toward students of other nationalities, which threatens pupils’ psychological safety. In this article, we present the results of pilot research examining the level of a pupil’s psychological safety in the multicultural educational environment and identifying the criteria that influence a pupil’s psychological safety. The research sample comprised 127 pupils aged 13–14 years from different schools living in various places that differed by the type of settlement, industrial development and level of science and culture. We isolated the following criteria for a pupil’s psychological safety in the multicultural educational environment: satisfaction with the educational environment, protection from psychological abuse and self-confidence. According to pupils, the essential characteristics of safety in the educational environment, regardless of school category and type, are being able to ask for help, protection of personal dignity, interactions with other students, and self-respect. Empirical data reveal the current status of the psychological safety of the entire sample group (n = 127 and compare indices of psychological safety in the educational institutions under study. Analysis of the results of our research indicates that protecting a pupil’s personality in the multicultural educational environment has the greatest influence on his/her psychological safety. In addition, a comfortable psychological atmosphere, mutual aid and support of pupils and low levels of classmates’ and coevals’ aggression positively influence the protection experience.

  8. Incorporating the Notion of Recontextualisation in Academic Literacies Research: The Case of a South African Vocational Web Design and Development Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a small scale ethnographically oriented research study seeking to contribute to understanding student academic literacy practices in a South African vocational, web design and development course. In this course digital multimodal assessments are the main means whereby students demonstrate their learning. The findings of the…

  9. Vocations: The Link between Post-Compulsory Education and the Labour Market. What the Research Says For... Tertiary Education Providers & School Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheelahan, Leesa; Buchanan, John; Yu, Serena

    2015-01-01

    This summary brings together the relevant key findings for tertiary education providers and school educators from the research program "Vocations: The Link between Post-Compulsory Education and the Labour Market." The program was comprised of three different strands: (1) pathways from VET in Schools, (2) pathways within and between…

  10. Visions and Options: A Report on Five Forums Introducing the Research Consortium on Building Vocational Education and Training Provider Capability. Occasional Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Berwyn; Robinson, Pauline

    2008-01-01

    This publication outlines the outcomes of forums held in 2005 to introduce the consortium research program which has investigated ways of building vocational education and training (VET) provider capability. It found a range of issues were of concern to participants as they considered how registered training organisations might position themselves…

  11. Incorporating the Notion of Recontextualisation in Academic Literacies Research: The Case of a South African Vocational Web Design and Development Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Lynn

    2012-01-01

    This article describes a small scale ethnographically oriented research study seeking to contribute to understanding student academic literacy practices in a South African vocational, web design and development course. In this course digital multimodal assessments are the main means whereby students demonstrate their learning. The findings of the…

  12. International Conference on Recent Research and Development in Vocational Education (Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, March 12-19, 1989). Conference Papers. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TAFE National Centre for Research and Development, Payneham (Australia).

    The conference recorded in this document covered a wide variety of themes and consisted of keynote addresses, research presentations, and workshops. The following keynote addresses are included: "Technician Training: A New Zealand Perspective" (Wood); and "The Provision of Information Services in Vocational Education: The Present…

  13. Telerehabilitation Clinical and Vocational Applications for Assistive Technology: Research, Opportunities, and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark R. Schmeler

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Rehabilitation service providers in rural or underserved areas are often challenged in meeting the needs of their complex patients due to limited resources in their geographical area. Recruitment and retention of the rural clinical workforce are beset by the ongoing problems associated with limited continuing education opportunities, professional isolation, and the challenges inherent in coordinating rural community healthcare. People with disabilities who live in rural communities also face challenges accessing healthcare. Traveling long distances to a specialty clinic for necessary expertise may be troublesome due to inadequate or unavailable transportation, disability specific limitations, and financial limitations. Distance and lack of access are just two threats to quality of care that now being addressed by the use of videoconferencing, information exchange, and other telecommunication technologies that facilitate telerehabilitation. This white paper illustrates and summarizes clinical and vocational applications of telerehabilitation. We provide definitions related to the fields of telemedicine, telehealth, and telerehabilitation, and consider the impetus for telerehabilitation. We review the telerehabilitation literature for assistive technology applications; pressure ulcer prevention; virtual reality applications; speech-language pathology applications; seating and wheeled mobility applications; vocational rehabilitation applications; and cost effectiveness. We then discuss external telerehabilitation influencers, such as the positions of professional organizations. Finally, we summarize clinical and policy issues in a limited context appropriate to the scope of this paper. Keywords: Telerehabilitation, Telehealth, Telemedicine, Telepractice

  14. The effects of school systems, teacher internal characteristics, and students on vocational teacher stress

    OpenAIRE

    Adams, Elaine

    1996-01-01

    Job stress is a multidimensional phenomenon. The researcher sought to examine variables that cause vocational teachers to experience stress in their teaching occupations and to evaluate the effects of these related stressors. This research evaluated the relationships between school systems and vocational teacher stress, teacher internal characteristics and vocational teacher stress, and students and vocational teacher stress. It also analyzed vocational teacher stre...

  15. The use of telemedicine in pediatric psychology: research review and current applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Allen, Jason; Davis, Ann McGrath; Lassen, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Several novel technologies have long been used in pediatric psychology. From using electronic pill-count bottles to track child adherence to pill-taking regimens to using bed alarms for night time enuresis, psychologists have relied on technology in their work with children who are ill. Much of the recent technology literature in pediatric psychology has focused on the use of the Internet and other Web-based technologies. This article thoroughly reviews the literature regarding telehealth in the field of pediatric psychology, more specifically the application of televideo or teleconferencing in various populations of children and adolescents with chronic illnesses, followed by the authors' clinical and research applications of telehealth in pediatric psychology. The review concludes with a summary of study findings and future directions in the field for clinicians and researchers alike. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. 高职学生心理素质与学习能力现状及对策分析%Present Situation and Countermeasure Analysis on Higher Vocational Students' Psychological Quality and Learning Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莹华; 杨晓燕; 肖安

    2016-01-01

    高职院校学生与本科相比,在心理素质和学习能力方面明显处于劣势。据调查数据显示,每年超过17.48%的学生存在明显心理问题。因此要加强心理健康教育,提升学生心理素质和品质;建设“双师型”师资队伍,引导学生自主学习;加强教育教学改革,激发学生学习兴趣,营造良好校风学风环境,逐步提升学生心理和学习能力。%Compared with the undergraduate students, the students in higher vocational colleges are at a disadvantage in the psychological quality and learning ability. According to the survey data, more than 17. 48% students have obvious psychological problems. So we should strengthen the mental health education, and enhance the students' psychological quality and trait;construct teachers team, guide students' autonomous learning;strengthen the reform of education and teaching, stimulate students' interest in learning;create a good study environment, gradually improve the students' psychological and learning ability.

  17. Pilot research on a pupil’s psychological safety in the multicultural educational environment

    OpenAIRE

    Tatyana I. Kulikova

    2016-01-01

    In the modern world, the environment of any educational institution represents a spectrum of ethnic groups and subcultures: a multicultural educational environment. Pupils who are aware of their national identity often demonstrate intolerance toward students of other nationalities, which threatens pupils’ psychological safety. In this article, we present the results of pilot research examining the level of a pupil’s psychological safety in the multicultural educational environment and identif...

  18. Is it necessary to discuss person-oriented research in community psychology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anne Bogat, G

    2009-03-01

    A brief overview of the person orientation is provided. It is then argued that research in community psychology, similar to every other field in psychology, has mainly focused on variables, not individuals. Suggestions are provided for how the person orientation can be applied to understanding settings and environments as well as the theoretical and methodological contributions community psychologists can make to further person oriented methods.

  19. Multispecies networks: visualizing the psychological research of the Committee for Research in Problems of Sex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettit, Michael; Serykh, Darya; Green, Christopher D

    2015-03-01

    In our current moment, there is considerable interest in networks, in how people and things are connected. This essay outlines one approach that brings together insights from actor-network theory, social network analysis, and digital history to interpret past scientific activity. Multispecies network analysis (MNA) is a means of understanding the historical interactions among scientists, institutions, and preferred experimental animals. A reexamination of studies of sexual behavior funded by the Committee for Research in Problems of Sex between the 1920s and the 1940s demonstrates the applicability of MNA to clarifying the relations that sustained this area of psychology. The measures of weighted degree and betweenness can highlight which nodes (whether organisms or institutions) were particularly "central" to this network. Rats featured as the animals most widely studied during this period, but the analysis also reveals distinct institutional and disciplinary cultures where different species were favored as either surrogates for humans or representatives of more general biological groups.

  20. 高职教师PCK发展的实践研究--以高职教师公开课为例%Practice and Research on the PCK Development of High-er Vocational Teachers:A Case Study on the Open Less-ons of Higher Vocational Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白艳群

    2014-01-01

    Starting from the higher vocational perspective, with the open lessons of higher vocational teachers as the objective of study, this paper explains the meaning of PCK, analyzes the PCK situation of higher vocational teachers in their open lessons, holds that the research on higher vocational teachers' PCK is important, and proposes strategies for the PCK development of higher voca-tional teachers.%本文从高职视角出发,以高职教师的公开课为研究对象,阐述了PCK的内涵,分析了高职教师公开课上的PCK情况,认为高职教师PCK研究具有重要意义,并提出了高职教师PCK发展的策略。

  1. Domestic and Foreign Research on Vocational Interest Theory%国内外职业兴趣理论研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景毅

    2016-01-01

    Vocational interest is an important branch of interest researches, based on all kinds of interest theory, different vocational interest theories will be produced. In this paper, from the meaning of vocational interest, the research significance, history of the development of the questionnaire, influencing factors and training strategy, two professional interest measurement tools in seven aspects of study on vocational interest were reviewed, and the author puts forward views and suggestions for the further research.%职业兴趣是兴趣研究的重要分支,基于各种兴趣理论的研究产生出不同的职业兴趣理论。文章从职业兴趣的含义、研究意义、测量问卷的发展历史、影响因素、培养策略、工具等六个方面对职业兴趣研究进行了综述,并对进一步的研究提出了建议。

  2. Research in industrial and organizational psychology from 1963 to 2007: changes, choices, and trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascio, Wayne F; Aguinis, Herman

    2008-09-01

    The authors conducted a content analysis of all articles published in the Journal of Applied Psychology and Personnel Psychology from January 1963 to May 2007 (N = 5,780) to identify the relative attention devoted to each of 15 broad topical areas and 50 more specific subareas in the field of industrial and organizational (I-O) psychology. Results revealed that (a) some areas have become more (or less) popular over time, whereas others have not changed much, and (b) there are some lagged relationships between important societal issues that involve people and work settings (i.e., human-capital trends) and I-O psychology research that addresses them. Also, much I-O psychology research does not address human-capital trends. Extrapolating results from the past 45 years to the next decade suggests that the field of I-O psychology is not likely to become more visible or more relevant to society at large or to achieve the lofty goals it has set for itself unless researchers, practitioners, universities, and professional organizations implement significant changes. In the aggregate, the changes address the broad challenge of how to narrow the academic-practitioner divide.

  3. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  4. Application of Z-Number Based Modeling in Psychological Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafik Aliev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pilates exercises have been shown beneficial impact on physical, physiological, and mental characteristics of human beings. In this paper, Z-number based fuzzy approach is applied for modeling the effect of Pilates exercises on motivation, attention, anxiety, and educational achievement. The measuring of psychological parameters is performed using internationally recognized instruments: Academic Motivation Scale (AMS, Test of Attention (D2 Test, and Spielberger’s Anxiety Test completed by students. The GPA of students was used as the measure of educational achievement. Application of Z-information modeling allows us to increase precision and reliability of data processing results in the presence of uncertainty of input data created from completed questionnaires. The basic steps of Z-number based modeling with numerical solutions are presented.

  5. The Approaches to Implementing Music Intervention on College Students' Psychological Crisis in Vocational Colleges%高职院校音乐干预大学生心理危机的途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永胜

    2012-01-01

    目前,传统的心理咨询已经难以满足高职大学生的心理危机干预的需要,利用音乐对高职大学生心理危机进行干预可以很好的弥补其他方式的不足,其主要途径有:开设音乐课程提高学生理解音乐的能力,创建音乐心理减压室对学生进行专业的心理疏导,让学生在主动参与音乐活动中对其进行心理危机干预,开展音乐心理干预讲座,引导学生主动接受音乐对其心理危机的干预。%As social competition becomes increasingly fiercer, traditional and common psychological advice or suggestions can't meet the needs. And music can make up the deficiency and defect and to better address the growing number of vocational college students' psychological crisis. The main approaches include setting up the music courses to enhance the students' abilities of understanding the music, creating the music mental decompression chamber to offer the students the professional psychological guidances, engaging the students actively in the music activities on the psychological crisis intervention, developing the music psychological intervention lecture on guiding the students to accept its psychological crisis intervention.

  6. "三位一体"心理健康文化建设与学生综合心理素质提升研究——以青岛港湾职业技术学院为例%Study on the Trinitarian Psychological Health Culture Construction and the Promotion of Students'Comprehensive Psychological Quality——Taking Qingdao Harbour Vocational and Technical College as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马桂兰

    2015-01-01

    To improve students'comprehensive psychological quality, this article studies the connotation of higher vocational students'comprehensive psychological quality, and the influence of psychological health culture. Summarize the ways of psychological health culture construction in colleges. Survey the promotion situation of comprehensive psychological quality of some classes under psychological health culture.%为提高学生的综合心理素质,文章探讨了高职学生综合心理素质的内涵、心理健康文化的影响问题,总结了校园心理健康文化建设的途径.调查了部分班级在心理健康文化熏陶下综合心理素质的提升状况.

  7. Psychological Problems Study on Higer-vocational College Students in Single-parent Family%高职院校单亲家庭大学生心理问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁胜; 黄曼

    2015-01-01

    近年来,随着离婚率上升出现了越来越多的单亲家庭,单亲家庭大学生的心理教育问题已被社会各界所关注。高职院校要十分关心单亲家庭学生的学习和生活,多与家长联系,争取配合,了解他们的家庭情况,提供心理咨询,健全他们的人格。本文针对高职院校单亲家庭大学生的心理问题现状,从社会、家庭、个人以及学校等方面分析成因,提出相应的对策,旨在促进单亲家庭大学生的心理健康发展。%In recent years, with the increase of divorce rate,more and more single-parent families have appeared. The psychological education problem of college students in single-parent family has been the concern of the society. Higher vocational colleges should be greatly concerned about the study and life of college students in single-parent families, connect with their parents to get their cooperation, know their family situation, and provide psychological consultation for them in order to improve their personality. Based on the status of psychological problems of college students in single-parent families in higher vocational colleges, this paper analyzes reasons and proposes countermeasures from aspects of society, families, individuals and schools, aiming at promoting the development of mental health of college students in single-parent family.

  8. Leadership in applied psychology: Three waves of theory and research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lord, Robert G; Day, David V; Zaccaro, Stephen J; Avolio, Bruce J; Eagly, Alice H

    2017-03-01

    Although in the early years of the Journal leadership research was rare and focused primarily on traits differentiating leaders from nonleaders, subsequent to World War II the research area developed in 3 major waves of conceptual, empirical, and methodological advances: (a) behavioral and attitude research; (b) behavioral, social-cognitive, and contingency research; and (c) transformational, social exchange, team, and gender-related research. Our review of this work shows dramatic increases in sophistication from early research focusing on personnel issues associated with World War I to contemporary multilevel models and meta-analyses on teams, shared leadership, leader-member exchange, gender, ethical, abusive, charismatic, and transformational leadership. Yet, many of the themes that characterize contemporary leadership research were also present in earlier research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Broadening the Scope of Societal Change Research: Psychological, Cultural, and Political Impacts of Development Aid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Hansen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available To date, the study of societal change in social and political psychology has been dominated by an intergroup relations research agenda. But in addition to intergroup dynamics, there are other major pathways to societal change and emancipation, which are almost never systematically considered in psychological research. The distribution of technologies (e.g., “ICT for development” or money (e.g., microcredits are among the supposed drivers of societal change. Many development aid projects are anchored in expectations about the effect that such instruments have on anticipated primary goals and the emancipation of particular groups (such as women. In the current paper, we begin by reviewing theories in the field of social change. Social psychological theories mainly address the conditions under which social change stimulated by intergroup dynamics is likely to occur, while other mainly historical and sociological research has focused on the role of different technologies as drivers of social change in history. Next, we review recent research focusing on the anticipated primary goals and (often unanticipated psychological and cultural changes resulting from development aid interventions, presenting two examples of such interventions in Ethiopia and Sri Lanka in more detail. We suggest that (1 development aid projects can instigate profound psychological and cultural change and (2 that the pathways to such changes are markedly different from those traditionally examined in the literature. At the political level, we reflect on the unanticipated side effects of development aid. We conclude with some recommendations for practice following from the research described.

  10. A bibliometric analysis of research in psychopharmacology by psychology departments (1987-2007).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portillo-Salido, Enrique F

    2010-05-01

    From the very outset of scientific Psychology, psychologists have shown interest for drugs and their effects on behavior. This has given rise to numerous contributions, mostly in the form of Psychopharmacology publications. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate these contributions and compare them with other academic disciplines related to Psychopharmacology. Using the PubMed database, we retrieved information about articles from 15 journals included in the Pharmacology and Pharmacy category of the Journal Citation Reports database for a 21-year period (1987 to 2007). There were 37540 articles which about 52% were represented by 3 journals. About 70% of psychology publications were represented by 2 of these journals. Psychology departments accounted for the 11% of the published papers, which places Psychology third behind Psychiatry and Pharmacology, which contributed to 22.69 and 13% respectively. Psychology contributed to the greatest number of studies in 3 journals, second in 3 and third in 8. This report represents the first effort to explore the contribution of academic Psychology to the multidisciplinary science of psychopharmacology. Although leaders of production of psychopharmacology research were from Psychiatry and Pharmacology, Psychology departments are an important source of studies and thus of knowledge in the field of Psychopharmacology.

  11. A Scientist-Practitioner Model of Psychological Assessment: Implications for Training, Practice and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spengler, Paul M.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Proposes a prototypical model for psychological assessment that reformulates a model of the counselor-as-scientist. Integrates the model's theory and research on human inference, judgment, and decision making; research on threats to accurate clinical prediction; and findings about counselor characteristics associated with effective judgment…

  12. Emerging Information Literacy and Research-Method Competencies in Urban Community College Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfe, Kate S.

    2015-01-01

    This article details an assignment developed to teach students at urban community colleges information-literacy skills. This annotated bibliography assignment introduces students to library research skills, helps increase information literacy in beginning college students, and helps psychology students learn research methodology crucial in…

  13. Psychological, behavioral and social effects of disclosing Alzheimer's disease biomarkers to research participants: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bemelmans, S.AS.A.; Tromp, K.; Bunnik, E.M.; Milne, R.J.; Badger, S.; Brayne, C.; Schermer, M.H.; Richard, E.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Current Alzheimer's disease (AD) research initiatives focus on cognitively healthy individuals with biomarkers that are associated with the development of AD. It is unclear whether biomarker results should be returned to research participants and what the psychological, behavioral and so

  14. Psychological, behavioral and social effects of disclosing Alzheimer's disease biomarkers to research participants: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bemelmans, S.A.S.A.; K. Tromp (Krista); E.M. Bunnik (Eline); Milne, R.J.; Badger, S.; C. Brayne (Carol); M.H.N. Schermer (Maartje); Richard, E.

    2016-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Current Alzheimer's disease (AD) research initiatives focus on cognitively healthy individuals with biomarkers that are associated with the development of AD. It is unclear whether biomarker results should be returned to research participants and what the psychological, behav

  15. Emerging Information Literacy and Research-Method Competencies in Urban Community College Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfe, Kate S.

    2015-01-01

    This article details an assignment developed to teach students at urban community colleges information-literacy skills. This annotated bibliography assignment introduces students to library research skills, helps increase information literacy in beginning college students, and helps psychology students learn research methodology crucial in…

  16. Science Supports Education: The Behavioral Research Base for Psychology's Top 20 Principles for Enhancing Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucariello, Joan M.; Nastasi, Bonnie K.; Anderman, Eric M.; Dwyer, Carol; Ormiston, Heather; Skiba, Russell

    2016-01-01

    Psychological science has much to contribute to preK-12 education because substantial psychological research exists on the processes of learning, teaching, motivation, classroom management, social interaction, communication, and assessment. This article details the psychological science that led to the identification, by the American Psychological…

  17. School Psychology Research and Practice in East Asia: Perspectives on the Past, Present, and Future Directions of the Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jacqueline A.; Watanabe, Yayoi; Lee, Dong Hun; McIntosh, Kent

    2016-01-01

    To engage in a comparison of school psychology research and practice in eastern and western countries, the current study sought to identify key themes that have influenced the field of school psychology in East Asian countries. Forty-six leading school psychology professionals in Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Thailand, and Taiwan provided their…

  18. Science Supports Education: The Behavioral Research Base for Psychology's Top 20 Principles for Enhancing Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucariello, Joan M.; Nastasi, Bonnie K.; Anderman, Eric M.; Dwyer, Carol; Ormiston, Heather; Skiba, Russell

    2016-01-01

    Psychological science has much to contribute to preK-12 education because substantial psychological research exists on the processes of learning, teaching, motivation, classroom management, social interaction, communication, and assessment. This article details the psychological science that led to the identification, by the American Psychological…

  19. General physiology, experimental psychology, and evolutionism. Unicellular organisms as objects of psychophysiological research, 1877-1918.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schloegel, Judy Johns; Schmidgen, Henning

    2002-12-01

    This essay aims to shed new light on the relations between physiology and psychology in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries by focusing on the use of unicellular organisms as research objects during that period. Within the frameworks of evolutionism and monism advocated by Ernst Haeckel, protozoa were perceived as objects situated at the borders between organism and cell and individual and society. Scholars such as Max Verworn, Alfred Binet, and Herbert Spencer Jennings were provoked by these organisms to undertake experimental investigations situated between general physiology and psychology that differed from the physiological psychology advocated by Wilhelm Wundt. Some of these investigations sought to locate psychological properties in the molecular structure of protoplasm; others stressed the existence of organic and psychological individuality in protozoa. In the following decades, leading philosophers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Charles Sanders Peirce, and Henri Bergson, as well as psychological researchers like Sigmund Freud, integrated the results of these investigations into their reflections on such problems as the nature of the will, the structure of the ego, and the holistic nature of the reactions of organisms to their environment.

  20. Functional relations and cognitive psychology: Lessons from human performance and animal research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proctor, Robert W; Urcuioli, Peter J

    2016-02-01

    We consider requirements for effective interdisciplinary communication and explore alternative interpretations of "building bridges between functional and cognitive psychology." If the bridges are intended to connect radical behaviourism and cognitive psychology, or functional contextualism and cognitive psychology, the efforts are unlikely to be successful. But if the bridges are intended to connect functional relationships and cognitive theory, no construction is needed because the bridges already exist within cognitive psychology. We use human performance and animal research to illustrate the latter point and to counter the claim that the functional approach is unique in offering a close relationship between science and practice. Effective communication will be enhanced and, indeed, may only occur if the goal of functional contextualism extends beyond just "the advancement of functional contextual cognitive and behavioral science and practice" to "the advancement of cognitive and behavioral science and practice" without restriction.

  1. Studying Sex: A Content Analysis of Sexuality Research in Counseling Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowell, Candice; Mosley, Della V; Stevens-Watkins, Danelle

    2017-05-01

    Using a sex positive framework, the authors conducted a 61-year (1954-2015) content analysis of sexuality research in the flagship counseling psychology journals, the Journal of Counseling Psychology and The Counseling Psychologist. Given counseling psychology's core strengths- and multiculturalism-related values, this study aimed to uncover which human sexuality topics were published most, whether publications aligned with a sex positive, neutral, or negative discourse, what methodologies were used, and differences in how populations were investigated across race. Researchers used an integrative approach to content analysis and human coding (Neuendorf, 2011). Results highlighted that out of 188 articles meeting criteria, a slight majority (38.05%) focused on sexual orientation, identity, and minorities topics. Only 4.78% utilized a sex-positive perspective. Quantitative and conceptual pieces were most published, and publications disproportionately focused on primarily White populations. When people of color were included, the discourse was sex negative. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

  2. Dynamic P-Technique for Modeling Patterns of Data: Applications to Pediatric Psychology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aylward, Brandon S.; Rausch, Joseph R.

    2011-01-01

    Objective Dynamic p-technique (DPT) is a potentially useful statistical method for examining relationships among dynamic constructs in a single individual or small group of individuals over time. The purpose of this article is to offer a nontechnical introduction to DPT. Method An overview of DPT analysis, with an emphasis on potential applications to pediatric psychology research, is provided. To illustrate how DPT might be applied, an example using simulated data is presented for daily pain and negative mood ratings. Results The simulated example demonstrates the application of DPT to a relevant pediatric psychology research area. In addition, the potential application of DPT to the longitudinal study of adherence is presented. Conclusion Although it has not been utilized frequently within pediatric psychology, DPT could be particularly well-suited for research in this field because of its ability to powerfully model repeated observations from very small samples. PMID:21486938

  3. Planned Missing Data Designs in Educational Psychology Research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rhemtulla, M.; Hancock, G.R.

    2016-01-01

    Although missing data are often viewed as a challenge for applied researchers, in fact missing data can be highly beneficial. Specifically, when the amount of missing data on specific variables is carefully controlled, a balance can be struck between statistical power and research costs. This articl

  4. Planned Missing Data Designs in Educational Psychology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhemtulla, Mijke; Hancock, Gregory R.

    2016-01-01

    Although missing data are often viewed as a challenge for applied researchers, in fact missing data can be highly beneficial. Specifically, when the amount of missing data on specific variables is carefully controlled, a balance can be struck between statistical power and research costs. This article presents the issue of planned missing data by…

  5. Advanced Applications of Structural Equation Modeling in Counseling Psychology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martens, Matthew P.; Haase, Richard F.

    2006-01-01

    Structural equation modeling (SEM) is a data-analytic technique that allows researchers to test complex theoretical models. Most published applications of SEM involve analyses of cross-sectional recursive (i.e., unidirectional) models, but it is possible for researchers to test more complex designs that involve variables observed at multiple…

  6. Planned Missing Data Designs in Educational Psychology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhemtulla, Mijke; Hancock, Gregory R.

    2016-01-01

    Although missing data are often viewed as a challenge for applied researchers, in fact missing data can be highly beneficial. Specifically, when the amount of missing data on specific variables is carefully controlled, a balance can be struck between statistical power and research costs. This article presents the issue of planned missing data by…

  7. Study on Present Development of Academic Research in Higher Vocational Colleges and Necessity of Relying on Scientific and Academic Research to Rejuvenate Higher Vocational Education%高职科研形势分析和实施“科研兴校”战略之必然

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王进思

    2012-01-01

    The four major responsibilities of higher vocational education are training qualified workforce, undertaking scientific and academic research project, serving the social development and inheriting and passing on culture. To higher vocational colleges, the paper maintains that training qualified workforce is the core and the most important, while the scientific and academic research is the supporting force, serving social development is the ultimate objective, passing on culture is the fundamental responsibility. After studying the recent development of scientific and academic research in higher vocation colleges, the paper puts forward that the scientific and academic research is growing in importance, con- sidering which researchers and scholars should be motivated to devote themselves to the academic research. Finally, it elaborates on the necessity of relying on scientific and academic research to rejuvenate higher vocational education.%高职教育四大职能:"培养人才、科学研究、社会服务、文化传承",人才培养是核心,科学研究是支撑,社会服务是需要,文化传承是根本,科研工作的重要地位日益明显。为了提高高职教育工作者的科研积极性,文章分析了高职当前科研工作形势,阐述了实施"科研兴校"战略的必然要求。

  8. Vocational Education and Vocational Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov

    Abstract: This paper and presentation is based on case studies in China, Mexico and Denmark. The paper identifies challenges posed to production companies by a lack of vocational skills and vocational education. The study is focusing on different types of production systems i.e. on manual, complex...... and automated production. The paper highlights how both China and Denmark have focused on theoretical rather than vocational education for more than a decade. Based on a combination of a literature review and field studies of cases, including studies of mass production and unmanned and automated production......, a framework of skills related to process tasks is developed. The paper and the presentation conclude that much more focus is needed on the development of vocational education and vocational skills in Denmark, the U.K, and in the U.S. and in China for employees to be able to handle future automated...

  9. Topical review: sluggish cognitive tempo: research findings and relevance for pediatric psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Stephen P

    2013-11-01

    To summarize recent research on sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and consider the potential relevance of SCT for the field of pediatric psychology. Literature review. Recent empirical evidence shows SCT symptoms consisting of sluggish/sleepy and daydreamy behaviors to be distinct from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. SCT is associated with psychosocial functioning in children and adolescents, including internalizing symptoms, social withdrawal, and, possibly, academic impairment. The recent findings reviewed suggest that SCT is an important construct for pediatric psychologists to be aware of and may also be directly useful for the research and practice of pediatric psychology.

  10. Study on the Situation and Therapy of Psychological Resilience on Vocational College Students%高职生心理复原力现状及干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵蕾蕾; 林海春; 张页; 王慧芳

    2014-01-01

    本研究调查了高职生心理复原力现状并运用团体辅导方式对部分学生进行心理干预。结果表明:(1)高职生心理复原力总体良好。(2)高职生复原力强型占13.6%,复原力中间型I类占72.7%,复原力中间型II类占12.9%,复原力弱型占0.8%。(3)团体辅导对提高高职生的心理复原力具有可行性。(4)本研究的团体辅导方案有可操作性,可以作为提高高职生心理复原力的方案。%This study analyzes the present situation of the vocational college students' psychological resilience and applicates group counseling to intervene on the part of the students .The results show that:(1) The resilience level of normal students is good in general. (2) The strength type of students resilience in this study takes over 13.6%, the middle type I takes over 72.7%, the middle type II takes over 12.9%, and the weak type takes over 0.8%. (3) It is feasible of group counseling to improve the resilience of voca-tional college students. (4) In this study, the group counseling programs with the operability can be carried out to improve the resil-ience of vocational college students.

  11. Single Case Method in Psychology: How to Improve as a Possible Methodology in Quantitative Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause-Kjær, Elisa; Nedergaard, Jensine I

    2015-09-01

    Awareness of including Single-Case Method (SCM), as a possible methodology in quantitative research in the field of psychology, has been argued as useful, e.g., by Hurtado-Parrado and López-López (IPBS: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, 49:2, 2015). Their article introduces a historical and conceptual analysis of SCMs and proposes changing the, often prevailing, tendency of neglecting SCM as an alternative to Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST). This article contributes by putting a new light on SCM as an equally important methodology in psychology. The intention of the present article is to elaborate this point of view further by discussing one of the most fundamental requirements as well as main characteristics of SCM regarding temporality. In this respect that; "…performance is assessed continuously over time and under different conditions…" Hurtado-Parrado and López-López (IPBS: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, 49:2, 2015). Defining principles when it comes to particular units of analysis, both synchronic (spatial) and diachronic (temporal) elements should be incorporated. In this article misunderstandings of the SCM will be adduced, and further the temporality will be described in order to propose how the SCM could have a more severe usability in psychological research. It is further discussed how to implement SCM in psychological methodology. It is suggested that one solution might be to reconsider the notion of time in psychological research to cover more than a variable of control and in this respect also include the notion of time as an irreversible unity within life.

  12. Social constructionism and relational practices as a paradigm for organisational psychology in the South African context : original research

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Geldenhuys, Dirk J

    2015-01-01

    Orientation: This article is about introducing social constructionism and relational practices as a paradigm perspective to organisational psychology, especially as these are applied in organisation development. Research purpose...

  13. Towards a comprehensive model of scientific research and professional practice in psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy Marian Brzeziński

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article I present a model of associations between two social domains: the scientific research domain (here psychology and the professional practice domain. In the former case, its quality is determined by social and individual methodological awareness (MA. I introduce my own definition of MA. What determines the validity and usefulness of practical actions undertaken by professionals (e.g., assessment, therapy in the practice domain is the accurately constructed empirical theory high in descriptive power, explanatory power and predictive power. I propose a model (my own conceptualization in which I analyze information flow between the domains of scientific research (psychology as a science and professional practice (psychology as a profession. In the subsequent and final part I discuss my own model which links theory and practice: Scientific Research and Professional Practice in Psychology (SRPPP. The article ends with a presentation of three contexts in which the interrelationship between theory and practice is immersed: the ethical, psychological and cultural contexts.

  14. Towards a comprehensive model of scientific research and professional practice in psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy Marian Brzeziński

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article I present a model of associations between two social domains: the scientific research domain (here psychology and the professional practice domain. In the former case, its quality is determined by social and individual methodological awareness (MA. I introduce my own definition of MA. What determines the validity and usefulness of practical actions undertaken by professionals (e.g., assessment, therapy in the practice domain is the accurately constructed empirical theory high in descriptive power, explanatory power and predictive power. I propose a model (my own conceptualization in which I analyze information flow between the domains of scientific research (psychology as a science and professional practice (psychology as a profession. In the subsequent and final part I discuss my own model which links theory and practice: Scientific Research and Professional Practice in Psychology (SRPPP. The article ends with a presentation of three contexts in which the interrelationship between theory and practice is immersed: the ethical, psychological and cultural contexts.

  15. The Psychological Problems and Countermeasures on Employment of Students in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校学生就业心理问题与对策思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅丽娟; 费小平

    2012-01-01

    Under the current complex social background, graduates, higher vocational graduates in particular, face great psychological pres- sure in the course of employment and have unhealthy psychology like low self-esteem, comparing unrealistically, dependency and etc. Akning at the psychological problems in employment, combining with the reality of the society, colleges and the students, the paper explores the countermeasures to these problems.%在当前错综复杂的社会大背景下,高校毕业生尤其是高职院校毕业生面临着较大的就业心理压力,在就业过程中产生了自卑、攀比、依赖等不良心理。针对高职学生就业心理问题,结合社会、高校及学生自身等方面的问题,探讨相应对策。

  16. Strategies on Students' Psychological Health Education of Vocational School under Network Environment%网络环境下职校学生心理健康教育策略初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐英

    2012-01-01

    Network as a medium tor human being to transfer information has changed people's living space and life style. Due to its faultiness and weakness in social morality of network, it brings serious psychological effects on teenagers' mental health. According to psychological characteristics of students from vocational school, the article analyzes the problems of their psychological health education under the network background and presents strategies on how to carry out the work of mental health education.%网络作为人类传递信息的媒介,改变着人们的生存空间和生活方式。由于管理的不完善以及网络社会道德规范存在的薄弱环节,给青少年的心理健康带来了严重的影响。因此,我们必须从职校学生心理特征出发,分析网络环境下心理健康教育所面临的职校生白控能力差、道德规范缺失等问题,提出网络环境下培养学生意志品质、开展心理咨询等心理健康教育策略。

  17. Psychological and Psychophysiological Research of the Attitude System of Students for Technical and Humanitarian Specialities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia GORDIENKO

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently the problem of students’ professional development and the formation of their future work readiness with account for their psychological peculiarities is very actual. Our reference to the point is determined by several factors: 1 contemporary students have difficulties in their professional identity formation, and in curriculum learning; 2 the new specialities are appear; 3 technical progress influences the human potential demands changes and specialities learning; existing psychograms grow obsolete; 4 the attitude system of different educational profiles students’ is not studied sufficiently, and there not enough computer based psychodiagnostic research methods (techniques. Relevant personality attitude’s system research is still carried out introspectively, or else with the help of socio-psychological methods that significantly limit the research perspectives. The aim of this article is to analyse the results of psychological and psychophysiological research of the contents and extent of the humanitarian and technical profiles students’ attitude system. We have organized an experimental research in two stages: St-Petersburg universities students’ questionnaire; and laboratory research on the base of psychophysiological testing laboratory. We have worked out and tested psychological computer methods for different profiles students’ attitude system research: associative experiment version and the technology “Psychomotor differential”. We present here the results of the different profiles students’ attitude system research: their needs, instincts, psychological defence influencing profession learning. Besides, we have analysed differences in the temperament and students’ common and non-verbal intelligence level. With the help of authentic versions of the instrumental- computer methods we have received objective differences of the needs system and psychophysiological parameters of the motivation and emotional component

  18. 中职政治学科教学中渗透心理健康教育初探%On Penetration Psychological Health Education in Secondary Vocational School of Political Science Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尔古果果

    2015-01-01

    中职学校的学生大多数是经常被老师"特殊关照"的弱势群体,这一年龄阶段的学生正处于青春期,这就决定了他们的心理问题易发和频发.因此,加强中职学生心理健康教育显得尤为重要.然而,目前有些中职学校受师资、教学实施等条件的制约,心理健康教育仍然是教育教学中的薄弱环节.笔者结合自己所教的政治学科,初步探讨如何在政治学科教学中渗透心理健康教育.%Most of the students in grade school teacher is often"special care"of vulnerable groups, the age of the students are in adolescence, which determines their mental problems and prone to frequent. Therefore, strengthening vocational stu-dents' psychological health education is very important. However, some vocational schools is subject teachers, teaching im-plementation and other conditions, mental health education remains a weak link in education. The author combined with his political science teaching, and explore how to penetrate the mental health education in political science teaching.

  19. On the Problem of the Development of Patristic Psychology in the Context of Modern Psychological Research: Christmas Meeting at the Psychological Institute

    OpenAIRE

    Serova O.E; Guseva E.P

    2015-01-01

    Provides an overview of meaningful moments of discussion that took place at the round table "Patristic psychology – the basis of self-Orthodox civilization" – the scientific and practical measures aimed at deepening the discussion of the methodological foundations of the analysis of the psychological aspects of the patristic heritage as an important factor in the formation of moral-oriented tendencies of modern psychology and teaching practice, jointly prepared by the staff of the Psychologic...

  20. Research on Higher Tourism Vocational Education and Management Based on the Factor Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Yingli

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to explore the tourism management professional education reform from experiential learning perspective, focus on the tourism management education how to carry out experience learning concept, improve the overall quality of education, change the traditional education model and tourism management teaching practice experience learning thinking of macro policy and microcosmic operation. Based on the current situation of the domestic tourism education and management, we put forward the connotation of experiential learning, concept and characteristics. Taking the tourism management specialty of Changchun Vocational Institute of Technology reform as an example, we use the factor analysis method of mathematical model, in view of the difficulties of current domestic tourism education and management, improving and expanding the application range of experiential learning theory, from the angle of practice, strengthen the education for the industry to expand the demand to the talent, to promote the tourism management education and international development, from the tourism sustainable development angle optimization of tourism management and development strategy.

  1. Perspectives on Vocational Behavior, 1986: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slaney, Robert B.; Russell, Joyce E. A.

    1987-01-01

    Based on perspectives of counseling psychology and industrial/organizational psychology, this article reviews publications relevant to vocational behavior that appeared during 1986. Of the over 700 articles and 70 books or book chapters located, slightly less than one-half are reviewed. (Author/NB)

  2. Adolescent Pregnancy: The Unmet Need for Psychological Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Christiane B.; Freese, Margaret P.

    Adolescents contribute nearly 20% of all births in the United States; half of these are unplanned or unwanted. Negative health and socioeconomic consequences are associated with adolescent childbearing, and teenagers account for nearly one-third of all reported therapeutic abortions. Failure to use other than traditional research methods to study…

  3. Using the Enhanced Critical Incident Technique in Counselling Psychology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butterfield, Lee D.; Borgen, William A.; Maglio, Asa-Sophia T.; Amundson, Norman E.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes an effective approach to using the Enhanced Critical Incident Technique (ECIT) research method based on Flanagan's (1954) Critical Incident Technique (CIT). It begins with an overview of the CIT, how to decide if it is the appropriate methodology to use, then, using a recent CIT study as an example, discusses Flanagan's five…

  4. Editorial : Bayesian benefits for child psychology and psychiatry researchers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oldehinkel, Albertine J

    2016-01-01

    For many scientists, performing statistical tests has become an almost automated routine. However, p-values are frequently used and interpreted incorrectly; and even when used appropriately, p-values tend to provide answers that do not match researchers' questions and hypotheses well. Bayesian stati

  5. Field Dependence Research: A Historical Analysis of a Psychological Construct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haaken, Janice

    1988-01-01

    Cultural and political biases in social science research contribute to bias in study methodology, as well as interpretations and conclusions. The work of Herman Witkin and Solomon Asch are discussed and used to demonstrate the effects and limitations of the environment versus ego on male and female perceptions. (AO)

  6. Editorial : Bayesian benefits for child psychology and psychiatry researchers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oldehinkel, Albertine J

    For many scientists, performing statistical tests has become an almost automated routine. However, p-values are frequently used and interpreted incorrectly; and even when used appropriately, p-values tend to provide answers that do not match researchers' questions and hypotheses well. Bayesian

  7. Integrating Mixed Method Data in Psychological Research: Combining Q Methodology and Questionnaires in a Study Investigating Cultural and Psychological Influences on Adolescent Sexual Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franz, Anke; Worrell, Marcia; Vögele, Claus

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, combining quantitative and qualitative research methods in the same study has become increasingly acceptable in both applied and academic psychological research. However, a difficulty for many mixed methods researchers is how to integrate findings consistently. The value of using a coherent framework throughout the research…

  8. Integrating Mixed Method Data in Psychological Research: Combining Q Methodology and Questionnaires in a Study Investigating Cultural and Psychological Influences on Adolescent Sexual Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franz, Anke; Worrell, Marcia; Vögele, Claus

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, combining quantitative and qualitative research methods in the same study has become increasingly acceptable in both applied and academic psychological research. However, a difficulty for many mixed methods researchers is how to integrate findings consistently. The value of using a coherent framework throughout the research…

  9. Money Matters: Recommendations for Financial Stress Research in Occupational Health Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Robert R; Cheung, Janelle H

    2016-08-01

    Money is arguably the most important resource derived from work and the most important source of stress for contemporary employees. A substantial body of research supports the relationship between access to financial resources and health and well-being, both at individual and aggregated (e.g. national) levels of analysis. Yet, surprisingly little occupational health psychology research has paid attention to financial issues experienced specifically by those in the labour force. With these issues in mind, the overarching goal of the present paper was to address conceptual and measurement issues in the study of objective and subjective aspects of financial stress and review several assessment options available to occupational health psychology researchers for both aspects of financial stress. Where appropriate, we offer guidance to researchers about choices among various financial stress measures and identify issues that require further research attention. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. Positive Clinical Psychology: a new vision and strategy for integrated research and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Alex M; Tarrier, Nicholas

    2010-11-01

    This review argues for the development of a Positive Clinical Psychology, which has an integrated and equally weighted focus on both positive and negative functioning in all areas of research and practice. Positive characteristics (such as gratitude, flexibility, and positive emotions) can uniquely predict disorder beyond the predictive power of the presence of negative characteristics, and buffer the impact of negative life events, potentially preventing the development of disorder. Increased study of these characteristics can rapidly expand the knowledge base of clinical psychology and utilize the promising new interventions to treat disorder through promoting the positive. Further, positive and negative characteristics cannot logically be studied or changed in isolation as (a) they interact to predict clinical outcomes, (b) characteristics are neither "positive" or "negative", with outcomes depending on specific situation and concomitant goals and motivations, and (c) positive and negative well-being often exist on the same continuum. Responding to criticisms of the Positive Psychology movement, we do not suggest the study of positive functioning as a separate field of clinical psychology, but rather that clinical psychology itself changes to become a more integrative discipline. An agenda for research and practice is proposed including reconceptualizing well-being, forming stronger collaborations with allied disciplines, rigorously evaluating the new positive interventions, and considering a role for clinical psychologists in promoting well-being as well as treating distress. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Neuroscience research on aging and implications for counseling psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Stephen L; Díaz, Fernando

    2014-10-01

    The advances in neuroscience have led to an increase in scientific understanding of the aging process, and counseling psychologists can benefit from familiarity with the research on the neuroscience of aging. In this article, we have focused on the cognitive neuroscience of aging, and we describe the progression of healthy aging to Alzheimer's disease, given its high prevalence rate among older adults (Alzheimer's Association, 2013). Common techniques used to study the cognitive neuroscience of aging are explained in regards to measuring age-related changes in the brain and the role of biomarkers in identifying cognitive decline related to Alzheimer's disease. Using this information and in collaboration with cognitive neuroscientists, it is our hope that counseling psychologists may further pursue research areas on aging as well as design appropriate interventions for older individuals who may be experiencing cognitive impairment.

  12. Entrepreneurship research and practice: a call to action for psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hisrich, Robert; Langan-Fox, Janice; Grant, Sharon

    2007-09-01

    Entrepreneurship is a major source of employment, economic growth, and innovation, promoting product and service quality, competition, and economic flexibility. It is also a mechanism by which many people enter the society's economic and social mainstream, aiding culture formation, population integration, and social mobility. This article aims to illuminate research opportunities for psychologists by exposing gaps in the entrepreneurship literature and describing how these gaps can be filled. A "call to action" is issued to psychologists to develop theory and undertake empirical research focusing on five key topic areas: the personality characteristics of entrepreneurs, the psychopathology of entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial cognition, entrepreneurship education, and international entrepreneurship. Methodological issues are discussed and recommendations provided. It is shown that psychologists can help identify the factors that influence new venture creation and success and inform the construction of public policy to facilitate entrepreneurship.

  13. Some Experiences of Implementing Psychological Health Education in Secondary Vocational Schools%中职学校开展心理健康教育的几点体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋燕芳

    2014-01-01

    is still insuffi-cient and relevant work has just begun, especially for secondary vocational students as a special group, the psychological health education needs more efforts. This paper discusses some personal experiences based on many years of psychological education work in our school.

  14. Inductive inference or inductive behavior: Fisher and Neyman-Pearson approaches to statistical testing in psychological research (1940-1960).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpin, Peter F; Stam, Henderikus J

    2006-01-01

    The application of statistical testing in psychological research over the period of 1940-1960 is examined in order to address psychologists' reconciliation of the extant controversy between the Fisher and Neyman-Pearson approaches. Textbooks of psychological statistics and the psychological journal literature are reviewed to examine the presence of what Gigerenzer (1993) called a hybrid model of statistical testing. Such a model is present in the textbooks, although the mathematically incomplete character of this model precludes the appearance of a similarly hybridized approach to statistical testing in the research literature. The implications of this hybrid model for psychological research and the statistical testing controversy are discussed.

  15. Gaining Insight to Transfer of Training through the Lens of Social Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisweiler, Silke; Nikitopoulos, Alexandra; Netzel, Janine; Frey, Dieter

    2013-01-01

    The article deals with the question under which conditions people change their behavior through vocational trainings or not. Following the demand of more theory-driven investigations in transfer research (Blume, Ford, Baldwin, & Huang, 2010) we wish to add the perspective of social psychology. We therefore illustrate how well-known concepts from…

  16. Minority Students' Psychological Adjustment in the School Context: An Integrative Review of Qualitative Research on Acculturation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makarova, Elena; Birman, Dina

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims at systematically analyzing the findings reported in qualitative research on acculturation and psychological adjustment in the school context. Content analysis was conducted using the deductively developed and inductively enriched system of categories. The results of the study provide insights into youths' acculturation and…

  17. The Translation of Basic Behavioral Research to School Psychology: A Citation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Derek D.

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, school psychology has become increasingly grounded in data-based decision making and intervention design, based upon behavior analytic principles. This paradigm shift has occurred in part by recent federal legislation, as well as through advances in experimental research replicating laboratory based studies. Translating basic…

  18. Minority Students' Psychological Adjustment in the School Context: An Integrative Review of Qualitative Research on Acculturation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makarova, Elena; Birman, Dina

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims at systematically analyzing the findings reported in qualitative research on acculturation and psychological adjustment in the school context. Content analysis was conducted using the deductively developed and inductively enriched system of categories. The results of the study provide insights into youths' acculturation and…

  19. Research Productivity and Scholarly Impact of APA-Accredited School Psychology Programs: 2005-2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kranzler, John H.; Grapin, Sally L.; Daley, Matt L.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the research productivity and scholarly impact of faculty in APA-accredited school psychology programs using data in the PsycINFO database from 2005 to 2009. We ranked doctoral programs on the basis of authorship credit, number of publications, and number of citations. In addition, we examined the primary publication outlets of…

  20. On Conceptual Analysis as the Primary Qualitative Approach to Statistics Education Research in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petocz, Agnes; Newbery, Glenn

    2010-01-01

    Statistics education in psychology often falls disappointingly short of its goals. The increasing use of qualitative approaches in statistics education research has extended and enriched our understanding of statistical cognition processes, and thus facilitated improvements in statistical education and practices. Yet conceptual analysis, a…

  1. Design of Digital Learning Material on Social-Psychological Theories for Nutrition Behavior Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busstra, Maria C.; De Graaf, Cees; Hartog, Rob

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the design, implementation and evaluation of digital learning material on the social--psychological Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and its use in nutrition behavior research. The design is based on guidelines derived from theories on instructional design. The major component of the design challenge is to implement three…

  2. Race and Ethnicity in Empirical Counseling and Counseling Psychology Research: A 10-Year Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado-Romero, Edward A.; Galvan, Nallely; Maschino, Peggy; Rowland, Marcy

    2005-01-01

    This article examined 796 empirical studies published in the "Journal of Counseling Psychology," the "Journal of Counseling and Development," and "The Counseling Psychologist" from 1990 to 1999 and found that only 457 (57%) reported racial and ethnic characteristics of research participants. From this data, an overall picture was generated of the…

  3. Content Analysis of Acculturation Research in Counseling and Counseling Psychology: A 22-Year Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Eunju; Langrehr, Kimberly; Ong, Lee Za

    2011-01-01

    The authors conducted a 22-year (1988-2009) content analysis of quantitative empirical research that included acculturation and/or enculturation as a study variable(s). A total of 138 studies in 134 articles were systematically evaluated from 5 major American Psychological Association and American Counseling Association journals in counseling and…

  4. Counseling-Related Research in Counseling Psychology: Creating Bricks, Not Edifices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheel, Michael J.; Berman, Margit; Friedlander, Myrna L.; Conoley, Collie W.; Duan, Changming; Whiston, Susan C.

    2011-01-01

    Three counseling psychology colleagues (Lichtenberg, 2011; Mallinckrodt, 2011; Murdock, 2011 [all this issue]) provide differing perspectives about the findings from our target article (Scheel et al., 2011) of the decline of published counseling-related research in our major journals. In this rejoinder we respond to each author's viewpoints…

  5. Comparative effectiveness research and the psychology of medical practice: the vicissitudes of knowledge implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassirer, Jerome P; Wong, John B

    2010-01-01

    Comparative effectiveness research should provide much-needed information about the benefits and risks of different current treatment options in the community. Taking the perspective of medical care providers, we consider many of the psychological, social and behavioural hurdles to implementation of comparative effectiveness analyses and explain why these obstacles should not be ignored.

  6. After the Ax Falls: Researching the Psychological Impact of Job Loss Among Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latack, Janina C.; Gagen, Mary G.

    Job loss is a stressful event, partially because of the obvious stress of economic deprivation. However, research shows that job loss also has psychological effects. The impact of losing a job has been investigated in terms of personality (self esteem, mental health, and affective states) and in terms of the transitional stages of reactions to job…

  7. Psychological-Educational Research of Professionally Essential Characteristics of Law Students’ Personalities, Studying at Bachelor Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina A. Polyanskaya

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the results of psychological-educational research, implemented in teaching process of law students’, studying at bachelor level. Special attention is attached to self-determination of future lawyers in professional specialization during introduction training

  8. Studies Using Single-Subject Designs in Sport Psychology: 30 Years of Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, G. L.; Thompson, K.; Regehr, K.

    2004-01-01

    A prominent feature of behavior-analytic research has been the use of single-subject designs. We examined sport psychology journals and behavioral journals published during the past 30 years, and located 40 studies using single-subject designs to assess interventions for enhancing the performance of athletes and coaches. In this paper, we…

  9. Utilizing Natural Structure of the Research Literature in Psychology as a Model for Bibliographic Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivetti, L. James

    1979-01-01

    Offered as an alternative to the search strategy model for bibliographic instruction, the approach to library instruction in psychology which is described involves analysis of the natural structure of the research literature. An example using Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance is presented. Twelve references are cited. (EJS)

  10. The Effects of Project-Based Learning on Student Achievement in Psychology: An Action Research Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwamoto, Darren H.

    2013-01-01

    Since the Fall 2009 semester, low academic performance and disengaged students have been regularly observed in the General Education Core's first-year psychology class. Because examination scores have been consistently low and student engagement has been declining, this researcher sought an alternative approach that would better meet the…

  11. Social and organizational psychological research on creativity and innovation in the Netherlands : an overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rietzschel, Eric; Janssen, Onne

    This is the first article of a series about creative and innovative performance by individuals and teams. We aim to give an overview of social and organizational psychological research in the Netherlands, published between 2000 and 2006 in Behavior & Organization and in international journals. The

  12. A critical discussion of null hypothesis significance testing and statistical power analysis within psychological research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Allan; Sommerlund, Bo

    2007-01-01

    The uses of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) and statistical power analysis within psychological research are critically discussed. The article looks at the problems of relying solely on NHST when dealing with small and large sample sizes. The use of power-analysis in estimating...

  13. Utilizing Natural Structure of the Research Literature in Psychology as a Model for Bibliographic Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivetti, L. James

    1979-01-01

    Offered as an alternative to the search strategy model for bibliographic instruction, the approach to library instruction in psychology which is described involves analysis of the natural structure of the research literature. An example using Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance is presented. Twelve references are cited. (EJS)

  14. Studies Using Single-Subject Designs in Sport Psychology: 30 Years of Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, G. L.; Thompson, K.; Regehr, K.

    2004-01-01

    A prominent feature of behavior-analytic research has been the use of single-subject designs. We examined sport psychology journals and behavioral journals published during the past 30 years, and located 40 studies using single-subject designs to assess interventions for enhancing the performance of athletes and coaches. In this paper, we…

  15. Counseling-Related Research in Counseling Psychology: Creating Bricks, Not Edifices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheel, Michael J.; Berman, Margit; Friedlander, Myrna L.; Conoley, Collie W.; Duan, Changming; Whiston, Susan C.

    2011-01-01

    Three counseling psychology colleagues (Lichtenberg, 2011; Mallinckrodt, 2011; Murdock, 2011 [all this issue]) provide differing perspectives about the findings from our target article (Scheel et al., 2011) of the decline of published counseling-related research in our major journals. In this rejoinder we respond to each author's viewpoints…

  16. New Research on Gender in Political Psychology: Mentoring to Fix the Leaky Pipeline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bos, Angela L.; Schneider, Monica C.

    2012-01-01

    This symposium consists of three papers written after a small mentoring conference, "New Research on Gender in Political Psychology," which was held in New Brunswick, New Jersey, March 4-5, 2011. As junior scholars, we received a grant from the National Science Foundation (#SES-1014854) to organize a conference for the purposes of mentoring…

  17. Content analysis of acculturation research in counseling and counseling psychology: a 22-year review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Eunju; Langrehr, Kimberly; Ong, Lee Za

    2011-01-01

    The authors conducted a 22-year (1988–2009) content analysis of quantitative empirical research that included acculturation and/or enculturation as a study variable(s). A total of 138 studies in 134 articles were systematically evaluated from 5 major American Psychological Association and American Counseling Association journals in counseling and counseling psychology, including Journal of Counseling Psychology, The Counseling Psychologist, Journal of Counseling and Development, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, and Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. To guide the analysis, the authors conceptualized acculturation/enculturation as a “bilinear” (i.e., developing cultural orientations to both majority and ethnic cultures) and “multidimensional” (i.e., across multiple areas such as behaviors, values, identity, and knowledge) cultural socialization process that occurs in interaction with “social contexts” (e.g., home, school, work, West Coast, Midwest). Findings include the patterns and trends of acculturation/enculturation research in (a) conceptualization and use of acculturation/enculturation variable(s), (b) research designs (e.g., sample characteristics, instruments, data collection, and analysis methods), (c) content areas, and (d) changes in total publications and trends over time. Additionally, meta-analyses were conducted on the relationship of acculturation/enculturation and a few key variables of mental health, adjustment, and well-being. Major findings and directions for future research are discussed.

  18. Research Productivity and Scholarly Impact of APA-Accredited School Psychology Programs: 2005-2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kranzler, John H.; Grapin, Sally L.; Daley, Matt L.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the research productivity and scholarly impact of faculty in APA-accredited school psychology programs using data in the PsycINFO database from 2005 to 2009. We ranked doctoral programs on the basis of authorship credit, number of publications, and number of citations. In addition, we examined the primary publication outlets of…

  19. Promoting Psychology to Students: Embracing the multiplicity of research foci and method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clare Samantha Rees

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In order for the discipline of psychology to continue to thrive it is imperative that future students are effectively recruited into the field. Research is an important part of the discipline and it is argued that the nature of psychological research is naturally one of multiplicity in topic and methodology and that promoting and highlighting this should be considered as a potentially effective recruitment strategy. In this study, a snap-shot of current research topics and methodologies was collected based on published papers from one typical academic psychology department in Australia. Fifty articles published in the period 2010-2013 were randomly selected and then grouped using content analysis to form topic clusters. Five main clusters were identified and included: Grief and Loss; Psychopathology; Sociocultural Studies; Attachment and Parenting; and Developmental Disorders. The studies spanned the full spectrum of research methodologies from quantitative to qualitative and had implications for assessment practices, diagnosis, prevention and treatment, education, and policy. The findings are discussed in terms of the unique characteristics of psychology as a discipline and how this diversity ought to be utilized as the main sell

  20. Research on Instructional Principles of Vocational Skills%职业技能教学原则探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓泽民; 姚梅林; 王泽荣

    2012-01-01

    尽管行动教学广泛应用于职业技能教学,但学生难以掌握将来成为一流技能型人才的技能。这种职业技能教学效能低下,难以培养出一流技能型人才的主要原因是没有职业技能教学原则的指导。由于成为一流技能型人才的关键是形成从事职业所要求的技能,而经过技能学习分析得知这种技能取决于相应的职业实践模式,为此通过分析各种职业实践内在特点,提出了职业实践的过程导向、情景导向、效果导向三种基本模式,并据此提出职业技能教学的三原则以及应用于不同专业实践的三种行动教学程序,取得了满意的效果。%Although action-oriented instruction is being used in vcocational skill instruction, the students could hardly get the proper vocational skills which help them to become the first-rate-skilled talents. The main reason for the low efficiency of vocational skill instruction and having difficulty to cultivate the first-rate-skilled talents is lack of guidance of principles of vocational skill instruction. Because the key to be the first-rate-skilled talents is to have proper vocational skills which the profession required and the vocational skills are up to the model of vocational practice, through the analysis of inner-feature of the vocational practice, three basic models of vocational practice are put forward. There are process-oriented model, situation-oriented model and effect-oriented inodel. According to the three basic models of vocational practice, process-oriented principle, situation-oriented principle, effect-oriented principle of vocational skill instruction are put forward. In order to certify the effectiveness of the three basic principles of vocational skill instruction, three procedures of action-oriented instruction on vocational skill are designed and used in different specialties in VAT schools and colleges, and the results are satisfied.