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Sample records for vli ilona drikkit

  1. Variable Lifting Index (VLI): A New Method for Evaluating Variable Lifting Tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, Thomas; Occhipinti, Enrico; Colombini, Daniela; Alvarez-Casado, Enrique; Fox, Robert

    2016-08-01

    We seek to develop a new approach for analyzing the physical demands of highly variable lifting tasks through an adaptation of the Revised NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Lifting Equation (RNLE) into a Variable Lifting Index (VLI). There are many jobs that contain individual lifts that vary from lift to lift due to the task requirements. The NIOSH Lifting Equation is not suitable in its present form to analyze variable lifting tasks. In extending the prior work on the VLI, two procedures are presented to allow users to analyze variable lifting tasks. One approach involves the sampling of lifting tasks performed by a worker over a shift and the calculation of the Frequency Independent Lift Index (FILI) for each sampled lift and the aggregation of the FILI values into six categories. The Composite Lift Index (CLI) equation is used with lifting index (LI) category frequency data to calculate the VLI. The second approach employs a detailed systematic collection of lifting task data from production and/or organizational sources. The data are organized into simplified task parameter categories and further aggregated into six FILI categories, which also use the CLI equation to calculate the VLI. The two procedures will allow practitioners to systematically employ the VLI method to a variety of work situations where highly variable lifting tasks are performed. The scientific basis for the VLI procedure is similar to that for the CLI originally presented by NIOSH; however, the VLI method remains to be validated. The VLI method allows an analyst to assess highly variable manual lifting jobs in which the task characteristics vary from lift to lift during a shift. © 2015, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

  2. Ilona Gurjanova: Pooldan mõtteviisi learning by doing / Ilona Gurjanova ; intervjueerinud Kirke Kuld ; kommenteerinud Meelis Joost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gurjanova, Ilona, 1958-

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu Design Management OÜ disaineri ja juhataja, Eesti Disainerite Liidu esimehe, Eesti Disaini Maja endise juhi ja Disainiöö peakorraldaja Ilona Gurjanovaga universaalsest disainist ja selle näidetest

  3. Ilona Gurjanova - mootor, kes veab disaini uutesse kõrgustesse / Ilona Gurjanova ; intervjueerinud Maris Meiessaar, Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gurjanova, Ilona, 1958-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Disainerite Liidu esimees, Design Management OÜ juhataja Ilona Gurjanova disainiürituste korraldamiset, 25.-27. septembrini Rotermanni kvartalis toimuvast Disainiööst ja selle eesmärgist, disainipoe avamise võimalustest, eesti disaini olukorrast ja disaineritest, kes võiksid maailmas läbi lüüa, eetilise suveniiri konkursist jm. Ilona Gurjanova eluloolisi andmeid, tähtsamad projektid, näitused, autasud

  4. 10D = eesti disainer + soome firma / Ilona Gurjanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gurjanova, Ilona, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Koostööprojektist, mille tulemusena pidi valmima kümnel eesti disaineril soome mööblitootja poolt tellitud mööbliese, mille valmistab eesti tootja. 10D disainikonkursi võitjad: I koht -Igor Volkov, lastetool "Dixi", II - Martin Pärn, istepink "Kosta", Tarmo Luisk, pehme järi "Dog", ära märgiti Ilona Gurjanova graafiliselt kujundatud kahhelkivid ja ürituse tunnusgraafika

  5. Kultuuriaasta väljapaistvamaks sündmuseks osutus kirjandusfestival / Ilona Smushkina, Tiia Toomet, Andres Keil ; interv. [Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smushkina, Ilona

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Kultuurikandjad - "Aasta kultuurikandja" : kirjandusfestival "Prima Vista" (festivali juhatuse liige Ilona Smushkina), kultuurikajastaja Andres Keil, kutseline kooslus - Tartu Mänguasja muuseum (direktor Tiia Toomet) jt.

  6. Teine muutuva keele ettekandepäev / Helle Metslang, Ilona Tragel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metslang, Helle, 1950-

    2007-01-01

    Teisest muutuva keele ettekandepäevast Tartus, 3.11.2006. Muutuva keele ettekandepäevi korraldab ETF-i kahe grandiprojekti töörühm: "Eesti keele grammatilise süsteemi muutumine ja selle põhjused : keelemuutuste analüüs kasutuskontekstis" (Tartu Ülikool, grandihoidja Ilona Tragel) ja "Eesti keele grammatika ja sõnavara dünaamika 1990-2000. aastatel" (Tallinna Ülikool, grandihoidja Helle Metslang)

  7. Meie Ruudi / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Lastefilm "Ruudi" : stsenaristid Katrin Laur, Aare Toikka, Aarne Mägi : režissöör Katrin Laur : nimiosas lapsnäitleja Paul Oskar Soe : produtsent Piret Tibbo-Hudgins : operaator Rein Kotov : kunstnik Toomas Hõrak : Allfilm - MRP Matila Röhr Productions - Schmidtz Katze Filmkollektiv 2006. Lisatud lühiandmed ja filmograafia Katrin Lauri kohta, lk. 122

  8. Vene kirjanduse detektiivitehas / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: Akunin, Boriss. Azazel. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2003. Ülevaade Boriss Akunini (õieti Grigori Tshhartishvili) krimikirjanduslikust loomingust (Erast Fandorini, Pelageja- ja Nicolas Fandorini sarjast)

  9. Kodu kaugel meres / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Tutvustus: Stone, Tom. Suvi Kreeka tavernis : mälestused / [tõlkija Tiia-Mai Nõmmik. Tallinn] : Pegasus, 2004 ; Drinkwater, Carol. Oliiviistandus : mälestusi elust, armastusest ja oliiviõlist Lõuna-Prantsusmaal / inglise keelest tõlkinud Laine Hone. Tallinn : Varrak, 2004

  10. Väga kuldne trio / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Leonid Gaidai 60ndatel loodud filmid "Koer Barboss ja ebatavaline kross", "Kaukaasia vang", "Operatsioon Õ", kus osaleb kuulus vene koomikute trio Nikulin-Vitsõn-Morgunov. Režissöörist, näitlejatest ja nende filmide sünniloost

  11. Tappa Rasputin ja asutada moemaja / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Vene emigrantide loodud moest 20. saj. esimesel poolel. Venemaalt Londonisse ja hiljem Pariisi emigreerunud suurvürstinna Maria Pavlovna Romanova tikkimisateljeest "Kitmir", koostööst Coco Chaneliga. Pariisis tegutsenud vürst Felix Jussupovi moemajast "Irfe". Valentina Sanina Schlee moemajast "Valentina Gowns" New Yorgis

  12. Naine, kes ei vaadanud tagasi / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Raamatututvuistus: Bona, Dominique. Gala : [Dalí võimukas muusa] / prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Margot Endjärv. [Tallinn] : Kunst, 2008. Venelanna Jelena Djakonova (Gala) suhetest prantsuse luuletaja Paul Eluard'iga ja hispaania maalikunstniku Salvador Daliga

  13. Muinasjutt ökokatastroofist / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Tallinnas ja Tartus tuli ekraanile USA joonisfilm "Jääaeg" ("Ice Age"), mille dubleerimisse on režissöör Janno Põldma juhtimisel kaasatud head eesti näitlejad Anu Lamp, Lembit Ulfsak ja Marko Matvere

  14. Arengud rahvusvahelises eraõiguses / Ilona Nurmela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurmela, Ilona, 1976-

    2000-01-01

    Põlvnemisest, samasooliste "abielust" ja sugu vahetanud isikute abiellumisvõimalustest Eesti ja rahvusvahelises eraõiguses. Rooma ja Brüsseli konventsioonidest. Euroopa Liidu õiguse mõjust rahvusvahelisele eraõigusele

  15. Pakendiaktsiis ei saa olla turukaitsemehhanism / Ilona Eskelinen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eskelinen, Ilona

    2004-01-01

    Vastukaja R. Raaga art. "Pakendiaktsiisid ja tegelikkus", Äripäev 13. sep. 2004. lk. 26. Vaata ka P. Eeki art. "Pakendiaktsiis - hirmul on suured silmad", Äripäev 19. aug. 2004, lk. 23. Pakendiaktsiisi seaduse muutmise eelnõust

  16. Stirlitz sai 30-aastaseks / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    30 aastat peale nõukogude teleseriaali "Seitseteist kevadist hetke" teleekraanidele tulekut on kindel, et sellest on saanud vene folkloori lahutamatu osa ja Vjatsheslav Tihhonovi Stirlitzist rahvuskangelane. Lisatud : Anekdoote Stirlitzist

  17. Tshempionat mira po kino / Ilona Vinogradova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vinogradova, Ilona

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : hiinlase Lou Ye "Suvepalee", soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled" ("Laitakaupungin valot"), hispaanlase Pedro Almodovari "Volver" ("Tagasitulek"), inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"). Ka vene filmi kohaloleku probleemidest Cannes'is

  18. Eesti lastekirjanduse uued kangelased / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Lastekirjanduse Teabekeskuse, kirjastuse "Tänapäev" ja ajakirja "Täheke" lastejuttude võistluse "Minu esimene raamat" võitjad: 1. Piret Raud "Ernesto küülikud", 2. Henno Käo "Väike rüütel Rikardo", 3. Reet Made "Veli Oliver" ja Kristiina Kass "Kasper, Amaalia-tädi ja tema viis tarka kassi ". Ära märgitud: Jaanus Vaiksoo "Talvine koolitee", Ketlin Priilinn "Koeralaps Berta seiklused"

  19. Tolkieni maailm elustus kinos / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Londonis esilinastus esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001

  20. Liba-potteri papa tähetund / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Amsterdami kohtus arutati kevadel J. K. Rowlingi süüdistust Dmitri Jemetsi vastu, kes on avaldanud lasteraamatu "Tanja Grotter ja võlukontrabass". J. K. Rowlingi võidule vaatamata tundsid paljud Euroopa kirjastajad Frankfurdi messil raamatu tõlkimise vastu huvi

  1. Lapsed valisid parima kirjaniku ja kunstniku / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Nukitsa konkursi preemiad.Kirjanikud: I - Henno Käo ("Kusagil mujal"); II - Aidi Vallik ("Kuidas elad, Ann?"); III - Artur Jurin ("Piletijaht: uued segadused Kilulibeda teel").Kunstnikud: I - Karel Korp (Leelo Tungla ja Karel Korbi "Tema amet"); II - Edgar Valter ("Kuidas õppida vaatama?"); III - Artur Jurin - ("Piletijaht: uued segadused Kilulibeda teel").

  2. Emil Janningsi kõnekalt tummad rollid / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Saksa näitleja Emil Jannings (1884-1950) ja temale pühendatud filmipäevad Tallinna Linnaarhiivi siseõues. Näitleja ja režissöör F. W. Murnau koostööst, eriti filmi "Viimane inimene" puhul, millega avati ka filmipäevad. Lisatud filmipäevade kava

  3. India laulja ja eesti poetess esinevad koos / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    India lauljatari Kakoli Sengupta kontsertidel Eestis saab sõna Doris Kareva, kes kannab ette Põhja-India pühaku Kabiri 15. sajandil loodud poeesiat; vt. ka fotod Kroonika (2003) nr. 40, 30. sept., lk. 54

  4. Tippdisainerite olümpiamängud / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2012-01-01

    Londoni 2012. aasta olümpiamängude rahvuskoondistele disainitud rõivakollektsioonidest. Inglismaa kollektsiooni disainis Stella McCartney, Itaalia kollektsiooni Giorgio Armani, USA kollektsiooni Ralph Lauren. Olümpiarõivaste ajaloost

  5. Jälle need Milling ja Normann / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Kanal 2 uus kodumaine komöödiaseriaal "Õpetajate tuba" : käsikiri Peep Pedmanson : lavastus Ivo Eensalu : näitlejad Ita Ever, Eino Baskin, Madis Milling, Henrik Normann, Maria Klenskaja, Margus Tabor jt. : tootjafirma "Ruut"

  6. Kannskaja vetv mimo Ispanii - v Angliju / Ilona Vinogradova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vinogradova, Ilona

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali võitjad. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis Ken Loachi mängufilm "Tuul, mis sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind That Shakes the Barley"), Grand Prix' sai prantslase Bruno Dumonti film "Flandria sõdalased" ("Flandres"), parim režissöör oli mehhiklane Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu filmi eest "Paabel" ("Babel"), parima naisnäitleja auhinna sai grupp näitlejannasid Pedro Almodovari filmist "Tagasitulek" ("Volver") ja meesnäitleja auhinna sai samuti grupp näitlejaid prantsuse filmist "Kuulsuse päevad" ("Indigenes"). Žürii eriauhind läks Andrea Arnoldi filmile "Punane tänav" ("Red Road"), FIPRESCI auhind türklasele Nuri Bilge Ceylani filmile "Kliima" ("Iklimler")

  7. Tiinerite lugemislaud saab täiendust / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Kirjastus Tänapäev ja Eesti Lastekirjanduse Teabekeskus avalikustasid noorsooromaani võistluse võitjad. Esikohta jagasid kolm autorit: Helga. Nõu "Kuues sõrm", Katrin Reimuse "Haldjatants" ja Jaan Tangsoo "Hanejaht". Äramärgitus võistlustööd: Ingrid Giltsi "Väike, kena inimene", Mart Kase "Head lapsed"

  8. Harry Potteri film jõudis Eestisse / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Joanne Rowling'u lasteraamatu "Harry Potter ja Tarkade kivi" ekraniseeringu esilinastus Eestis on 21. detsembril Coca Cola Plazas. Selle 125 miljonit dollarit maksnud USA filmi režissöör on Chris Columbus ja peaosas 12-aastane Daniel Radcliff

  9. "Kontsert porgandipirukale" rõõmustas India lapsi / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Heiki Ernitsa ja Janno Põldma "Kontsert porgandipirukale" sai Indias Hyderabadis lastefilmide festivalil parima animafilmi auhinna - Hõbedase Elevandi. Film on esinenud edukalt festivalidel Jaapanis, Lätis, Leedus

  10. Vitamin A cassava in Nigeria: crop development and delivery | Ilona ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Biofortified vitamin A “yellow” cassava can help address the adverse health effects of vitamin A deficiency. By 2016, HarvestPlus and its partners had successfully developed and delivered vitamin A cassava varieties to more than one million farming households in Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

  11. Kakije vremena - takije goroda / Ilona Merzin ; interv. Veera Vassilkova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merzin, Ilona

    2001-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest noorte arhitektuurikonkursist Europan, Eesti osalemisest sellel. 2001. a. parim oli Tartu Supilinna täiendusprojekt, autorid soome arhitektid Johanna Vuorinen ja Esa Kangas. Projekti elluviimise võimalustest.

  12. Võiduromaan elustab töölisliikumise idee / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    I koht (Aarne Ruben ""Volta" annab kaeblikku vilet"); II koht (Leo Kunnas "Sõdurjumala teener"); III koht (Maimu Veske "Continental" ja Lehte Hainsalu "Kellakuuljad"); Ulmekirjanduse eripreemia Varrakult (Indrek Hargla "Baiita needus")

  13. Naisteromaanide uimarohi / Ilona Martson, Kristi Pärn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    1997-01-01

    Atwood, Margaret. Röövelpruut; Austen, Jane. Veenmine; Sheldon, Sidney. Veresidemed; Ondaatje, Michael. Inglise patsient; Lind, Hera. Kahe mehe vahel; Simmel, Johannes Mario. Vastust teab vaid tuul; Gaskin, Catherine. Fiona; Gaskin, Catherine. Perekonnaasjad; Barne, John. Evita

  14. Harry Potter jõudis ekraanile / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Eile oli Londonis Joanne Rowling'u lasteraamatu "Harry Potter ja Tarkade kivi" ekraniseeringu esilinastus. Selle 125 miljonit dollarit maksnud USA filmi režissöör on Chris Columbus ja peaosas 12-aastane Daniel Radcliff

  15. Preemia maitseb paremini targa laitusest ja lolli kiitusest / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2000-01-01

    Lisa: Kirjanduspreemiad 2000. Proosa: Jaan Kaplinski, romaan "Silm" (Looming, 1999, 1-3). Mari Saat, romaan "Sinikõrguste tuultes..." (Looming, 1999, 10-11). Luulepreemia jäi välja andmata. Lastekirjandus: Ellen Niit, "Ühel viivul vikervalgel". Esseistika: Mihkel Mutt, artiklitekogu "Muti tabloid". Näitekirjandus:¡ Jaan Undusk, "Goodbye, Vienna (Gertrud)" (Vikerkaar, 1999, 8/9). Tõlked: Paul-Eerik Rummo, T. S. Elioti "Ahermaa ja teisi luuletusi" eestindus; venekeelse "Eesti luule antoloogia" tegijad Elviira Mihhailova ja Svetlan Semenenko

  16. Tolkieni sõna jõud / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Tänasest linastub Tallinnas ja Tartus esimene Peter Jacksoni käe all valmivast kolmest filmist J.R.R. Tolkieni triloogia "Sõrmuste isand" alusel - "Sõrmuse vennaskond", "The Lord of the Rings : The Fellowship of the Ring" : Uus-Meremaa, Ameerika Ühendriigid 2001. J.R.R. Tolkienist ja tema raamatutest

  17. Feuereisen im Dienst politischer Propaganda von Burgund bis Habsburg. Zur Entwicklung der Symbolik des Ordens vom Goldenen Vlies von Herzog Philipp dem Guten bis Kaiser Ferdinand I.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holzschuh-Hofer, Renate

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the reign of Philip the Good, the combination of fire-iron, flint and fire has been used in the Duchy of Burgundy for symbolic purposes. On the founding of his Order of the Golden Fleece in the year 1430, the Golden Ram was added to create the symbol of the Order. The article sheds light on the way this symbolism was utilised within the iconography of the Dukes Philip the Good and Charles the Bold as well as the Emperors Maximilian I. and Ferdinand I. The motivation approaching and analysing this question arose out of the substantially unrecognized elitist usage and scale of implementation of this imagery under Ferdinand I. which never has been a subject of intense research so far. Compared to his predecessors, Ferdinand I. used these symbols in all his art procurement with exceptional concentration, especially on his residential architecture, i.e. the Belvedere in Prague, Bratislava Castle, and the Hofburg in Vienna. This had an enduring effect also on the art of his successors.

  18. BIO 20 ehk kaasaegse tööstusdisaini trende / Ilona Gurjanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gurjanova, Ilona, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Muljeid Ljubljanas toimunud tööstusdisaini biennaalilt "BIO 20", loetletud võitjad. Eestit esindasid Sixten Heidmetsa, Igor Volkovi, Pavel Sidorenko ja Tarmo Luisu tööd. Ida- ja Kesk-Euroopa disainikeskuste regionaalsest ümarlauast

  19. Arts & Lights ja DisainiÖÖ / Ilona Gurjanova ; interv. Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gurjanova, Ilona, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas 26.-28. sept. 2008. a. toimuva rahvusvahelise disainifestivali eestvedajad, üritused, osalejad, külalised. Seminar "Disaineri roll rahvusliku kultuuripärandi loomisel" Estonia kammersaalis. Islandi disaini näitus "Made in Iceland" ja töötuba de-Ikea Kultuurikatlas. Laboratooriumi tänava moe- ja valgusshow. Disainioksjon Hobuveskis. Elustiilipoe Homeart disainikonkurss. Öö õu Raekoja platsil. Marko Ala loodud moodulsüsteemi esitlus Kultuurikatlas. Pecha Kucha vaba mikrofon Hobuveskis

  20. Eliidi kesksusest / Fredo Arias-King ; tõlk. Riita-Ilona Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arias-King, Fredo

    2003-01-01

    Eliidi- ja juhtimisteooria ei pruugi seletada, miks ühes riigis tekkis demokraatia ja teises mitte, kuid ta näitab põhjuseid, miks mõnes postkommunistlikus riigis toimus edukas üleminek demokraatiale või turumajandusele, teises see aga ebaõnnestus. Tabelid. Tõlgitud käsikirjast "The centrality of elites"

  1. Sanctity of dispute resolution clauses : strategic coherence of the Brussels system / Ilona Nurmela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurmela, Ilona, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    1968. aasta Brüsseli konventsioon kohtualluvuse ja kohtuotsuste täitmise kohta tsiviil- ja kaubandusasjades (1968 Brussels Convention on jurisdiction and the enforcement of judgements in civil and commercial matters ; Brussels I Convention)

  2. The application of digital image processing in grading begonia (Eliator gr. Ilona) potplants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, J.; Pompe, J.C.A.M.; Meuleman, J.; Speelman, L.

    1997-01-01

    Digital image processing (DIP) is a potential tool for measuring and classifying pot plants in various growth stages in an automatic, objective and consistent way, with a high capacity and low labour input. In this study, features of begonia cuttings which could be relevant for grading were

  3. Verbiga "saama" väljendatud leksikaalsed kategooriad ja konstruktsioonid / Külli Habicht, Ilona Tragel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habicht, Külli, 1964-

    2014-01-01

    Antakse ülevaade eesti polüseemse verbi "saama" kasutuse võimalustest 16. sajandist kuni tänapäevani, esitatakse ka "saama" põhilised tähenduskategooriad, mis on olnud grammatiliste funktsioonide kujunemise alus

  4. Hans Christian Anderseni merineitsi - väike, aga kuulus / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Väikese merineitsi skulptuurist Kopenhaagenis. Kunstimetseen Carl Jacobsen pakkus Taani kujurile Edvard Eriksenile teha pronksskulptuur Taani Kuninglikus teatris merepiiga rolli kehastanud baleriinist Ellen Price'ist, määras skulptuuri asukoha ja annetas kuju Kopenhaageni linnale. Skulptuuril on tegelikult vaid Price'i nägu, kuid Erikseni naise Elleni keha. Kuju püstitati 23. augustil 1913. aastal

  5. Lastekirjandus 2008 kurja kriitiku pilgu läbi / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aasta eesti lastekirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Piret Raud "Printsess Luluu", Aino Pervik "Presidendilood", Kristiina Kass "Petra lood", Kätlin Vainola "Mia, Konrad ja avanevad uksed", Kerttu Soans "Külaline vannis", Wimberg "Härra Padakonn", Leelo Tungal "Seltsimees laps", Kadri Hinrikus "Miia ja Friida", Ivar Soopan "Kõik poisid ei saa suureks", Siiri Laidla "Raamatukogunõid Rosaalie", Siiri Laidla "Armas hunt", Reeli Reinaus "Saladuslik päevik", Tiia Selli "Neletriin ja Kapi-Kaarup", Markus Saksatamm "Võlur Sinku-Vinku ja nõiatrall", Evelin Samuel "Ükskord, kui sadas vihma", Mikä Keränen "Varastatud oranž jalgratas", Ivo Parbus "Draakon Rudolf", Urmas Nemvalts "Väikeste meeste lennumasinajutud", Lehte Hainsalu "Väike valge", Jaan Tangsoo "Mina ja minu pere", Aidi Vallik "Pints ja Tutsik", Heiki Vilep "Horlok ja Ürgvärava võti", Evelin Samuel "Hiigelsoojad pilvelambad", Sulev Oll "Hea tuju kuju", Paul-Eerik Rummo "Kui lähed teele koidu eel", Heljo Mänd "Suve suurmüük", Heljo Mänd "Sügise süda", Heljo Mänd "Kevade reklaam", Heljo Mänd "Talve Top", Ülo Pikkov. Presidendi torukübar

  6. Sooaspekt ja selle keeleline ülekanne : Emil Tode Piiririik / Riita-Ilona Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Riita-Ilona

    2003-01-01

    "Piiririigi" tõlge inglise keelde: Õnnepalu, Tõnu. Border state : [novel] / translated from the Estonian by Madli Puhvel. Evanston [USA] : Northwestern University Press, 2000. Autorist lk. 234 (inglise k.) ja lk. 237 (vene k.)

  7. Yökerhon Facebook-markkinoinnin kehittäminen : Case Viihdemaailma Ilona, Tampere

    OpenAIRE

    Mäkelä, Antti; Javanainen, Anni

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö käsittelee Viihdemaailma Ilonan Facebook-sivujen kehittämistä monipuolisemmiksi ja laadukkaammiksi. Teoriaosuudessa on käsitelty markkinointiajattelua, markkinoinnin tehtäviä, segmentointia sekä markkinointiviestintää. Näitä markkinoinnin osa-alueita on tarkennettu sosiaaliseen mediaan ja edelleen Facebookiin. Työn empiirisessä osiossa on arvioitu sivujen lähtötilanne ja sen pohjalta on tehty kehitysstrategia, joka pitää sisällään suunnitelmia sivujen jatkuvasta kehityksestä. Tav...

  8. Kümme kuuma eesti kirjanikku / Boris Tuch ; interv. Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    26. nov. esitletakse Peterburi Eesti konsulaadis Boris Tuchi raamatut eesti kirjandusest 20. saj. lõpust 21. saj. alguseni "Gorjatshaja desjatka estonskihh pissatelei" (Tallinn : KPD Kirjastus, 2004)

  9. Kuidas horisontaalne ja vertikaalne liikumissuund eesti keeles aspektiks kehastuvad? / Ann Veismann, Ilona Tragel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veismann, Ann, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Käsitletakse eesti keele ühendverbe, nende seaduspärasusi ning tähenduse omandamist vastavalt sellele, millise afiksaaladverbiga nad on moodustatud. Samuti afiksaaladverbist kui eesti ja teiste keelte aspekti väljendusvahendist

  10. Harry Potter ja Scarlett käivad kohut / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2001-01-01

    Alice Randalli romaan "Tuul on läinud" - samad sündmused kui Margaret Mitchelli romaanis "Tuulest viidud", ainult neegerorjade vaatevinklist. Nancy Stofferi raamatud "Larry Potter ja tema parim sõber Lilly" ja "Legend Rah'ist ja Mugudest" ilmusid 1984. a. Joanne Kathleen Rowlingi "Harry Potter" lood aga valmisid hiljem

  11. Tartu linnast Riigikokku pääsenud 9 poliitikut ; Tartu- ja Jõgevamaalt Riigikokku pääsenud 5 poliitikut / interv. Ivi Drikkit, Jüri Saar, Martin Pau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Parlamendivalimistest Tartus, Tartu- ja Jõgevamaal. Riigikokku pääsenud poliitikud räägivad oma valimisprogrammist: Laine Jänes, Tõnis Lukas, Heljo Pikhof, Aadu Must, Hannes Astok, Silver Meikar, Toomas Trapido, Karel Rüütli, Peeter Tulviste, Ene Ergma, Marika Tuus, Igor Gräzin, Villu Reiljan, Mai Treial. Diagramm: Maalgi võidutses Reformierakond. Tabel: Jõgeva- ja Tartumaa häältekogujate TOP 10

  12. Eesti keele impersonaali ja seisundipassiivi vahekorrast adessiivargumendi kasutamise põhjal / Liina Lindström, Ilona Tragel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindström, Liina, 1973-

    2007-01-01

    Selgitatakse impersonaali ja seisundipassiivi vahekorda, võttes arvesse adessiivargumendi kasutamist neis konstruktsioonides. Võrreldakse adessiivargumendi semantilist rolli ja vaadeldakse tema paiknemist lauses

  13. Eesti näitlejad andsid hääle laiskloomale, mammutile ja tiigrile / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    Neljapäeval Tallinnas kobarkinos ekraanile tuleva USA joonisfilmi "Jääaeg" ("Ice Age") dubleerimisse on režissöör Janno Põldma juhtimisel kaasatud parimad eesti näitlejad. J. Põldma filmist ja selle dubleerimisega kaasnenud seikadest

  14. Soorollide kujutamine 1. klassi lugemiku tekstis / Jaan Mikk, Agnes Männik, Ilona Piirimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikk, Jaan, 1939-

    2001-01-01

    Uuringust, mille eesmärgiks oli selgitada, kuidas on esitatud naisi ja mehi 1. klassi lugemikus. Analüüsi aluseks on Veronika Kalmuse jt. poolt koostatud soorollide kvalitatiivse analüüsi juhend. Vaadeldavaks lugemikuks on : Tungal, Leelo ; Hiiepuu, Ene ; Valter, Edgar. 1. klassi lugemik. - Tallinn, 1998.

  15. Koolivorm või mitte? / Ilme Neemre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neemre, Ilme

    1986-01-01

    Vastukaja artiklile: Drikkit, Ivi. Koolimood muutuvas moes. Edasi (1986) 23. okt., lk. 3 ; Marvet, Ann. Mõtleme ta läbi. Edasi (1986) 19. nov., lk. 5 Jäägu soliidsus. Edasi (1986) 3. dets., lk. 4 ;

  16. Preatoni: Saari palkamine oli viga / Ernesto Preatoni ; interv. Erkki Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Preatoni, Ernesto, 1942-

    2001-01-01

    Autori sõnul on see, et Ilona Saari müüs koos Robert Silajeviga Logi tänava kinnistud Pro Kapitalile, ainuke reaalne kuritegu. Preatoni seostest Baltic Investmentsiga. Vt. samas "Pro Kapital versus Ilona Saari"

  17. Reconstitution of Cholesterol-Dependent Vaginolysin into Tethered Phospholipid Bilayers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Budvytyte, Rima; Pleckaityte, M.; Zvirbliene, A.

    2013-01-01

    Functional reconstitution of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin vaginolysin (VLY) from Gardnerella vaginalis into artificial tethered bilayer membranes (tBLMs) has been accomplished. The reconstitution of VLY was followed in real-time by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Changes...

  18. Antibody-based detection and inhibition of vaginolysin, the Gardnerella vaginalis cytolysin.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tara M Randis

    Full Text Available Bacterial vaginosis (BV is the most common vaginal infection worldwide and is associated with significant adverse sequelae. We have recently characterized vaginolysin (VLY, the human-specific cytotoxin produced by Gardnerella vaginalis and believed to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of BV and its associated morbidities. We hypothesize that novel antibody-based strategies may be useful for detection of VLY and for inhibition of its toxic effects on human cells. Using purified toxin as an immunogen, we generated polyclonal rabbit immune serum (IS against VLY. A western blot of G. vaginalis lysate was probed with IS and a single band (57 kD identified. Immunofluorescence techniques using IS detected VLY production by G. vaginalis. In addition, we have developed a sandwich ELISA assay capable of VLY quantification at ng/ml concentrations in the supernatant of growing G. vaginalis. To investigate the potential inhibitory role of IS on VLY-mediated cell lysis, we exposed human erythrocytes to VLY or VLY pretreated with IS and determined the percent hemolysis. Pretreatment with IS resulted in a significant reduction in VLY-mediated lysis. Similarly, both human cervical carcinoma cells and vaginal epithelial cells exhibited reduced cytolysis following exposure to VLY with IS compared to VLY alone. These results confirm that antibody-based techniques are an effective means of VLY detection. Furthermore, VLY antiserum functions as an inhibitor of VLY-CD59 interaction, mitigating cell lysis. These strategies may have a potential role in the diagnosis and treatment of BV.

  19. Reconstitution of cholesterol-dependent vaginolysin into tethered phospholipid bilayers: implications for bioanalysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rima Budvytyte

    Full Text Available Functional reconstitution of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin vaginolysin (VLY from Gardnerella vaginalis into artificial tethered bilayer membranes (tBLMs has been accomplished. The reconstitution of VLY was followed in real-time by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS. Changes of the EIS parameters of the tBLMs upon exposure to VLY solutions were consistent with the formation of water-filled pores in the membranes. It was found that reconstitution of VLY is a strictly cholesterol-dependent, irreversible process. At a constant cholesterol concentration reconstitution of VLY occurred in a concentration-dependent manner, thus allowing the monitoring of VLY concentration and activity in vitro and opening possibilities for tBLM utilization in bioanalysis. EIS methodology allowed us to detect VLY down to 0.5 nM (28 ng/mL concentration. Inactivation of VLY by certain amino acid substitutions led to noticeably lesser tBLM damage. Pre-incubation of VLY with the neutralizing monoclonal antibody 9B4 inactivated the VLY membrane damage in a concentration-dependent manner, while the non-neutralizing antibody 21A5 exhibited no effect. These findings demonstrate the biological relevance of the interaction between VLY and the tBLM. The membrane-damaging interaction between VLY and tBLM was observed in the absence of the human CD59 receptor, known to strongly facilitate the hemolytic activity of VLY. Taken together, our study demonstrates the applicability of tBLMs as a bioanalytical platform for the detection of the activity of VLY and possibly other cholesterol-dependent cytolysins.

  20. Universaalne disain Islandil – tule ja jää vallas / Meelis Joost ; kommenteerinud Kristo-Adam Priks, Mailis Kaljula, Ilona Gurjanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joost, Meelis

    2016-01-01

    8.–12. jaanuaril osalesid EMP vabaühenduste fondi projekti „Paneme seaduse kehtima!“ partnerite esindajad Islandil poliitikakujundusseminaril ning kohtumistel asutustega, mis mõjutavad elukeskkonna kujundamist

  1. Price rules in airline marketing / Elina Krauja-Veide, Marina Jõgi, Toms Andersons...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Lennukompaniide Air Baltic, Estonian Air, British Airways ja Lithuanian Airlines turundusjuhid olukorrast Baltimaade lennundusturul ja lennufirmade turundustegevusest. Kommenteerivad Priit Kivik, Ilona Kbejan, Julia Brjuhanova. Tabel

  2. "Vargamäe kuningriik" jõudis lõpule / Pamela Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Pamela

    2007-01-01

    Suvelavastus etendus viimast korda 22. juunil. Albu vallavanem Kalju Kertsmik ja Endla teatri trupijuht Ilona Smeljanski teevad tagasivaate kahele suvele ja vallavanem vihjab uuele suveetendusele, mis veel nimeta

  3. Tartu meeriks pürgijad pakuvad - mis tooks ülikoolile Nobeli preemia / Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Tartu linnapeakandidaadid Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere, Tõni Kauba, Tõnis Lukas ja Andrus Ansip vastavad küsimustele : Tartu Ülikooli arenguvõimalustest ja -vajadustest, konkurentsivõime suurendamisest / vahendasid Sander Silm, Priit Rajalo, Ivi Drikkit

  4. Mida teha koolivormiga? / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    1987-01-01

    Vastukaja artiklile: Drikkit, Ivi. Koolimood muutuvas moes. Edasi (1986) 23. okt., lk. 3 ; Marvet, Ann. Mõtleme ta läbi. Edasi (1986) 19. nov., lk. 5 ; Jäägu soliidsus. Edasi (1986) 3. dets., lk. 4 ; Neemre, Ilme. Koolivorm või mitte? Edasi (1986) 19. dets., lk. 4 ; Paide, Olavi. Kuulatagu ka õpilast! Edasi (1987) 28. jaan., lk. 4

  5. Kuulatagu ka õpilast! / Olavi Paide

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paide, Olavi, 1970-

    1987-01-01

    Vastukaja artiklile: Drikkit, Ivi. Koolimood muutuvas moes. Edasi (1986) 23. okt., lk. 3 ; Marvet, Ann. Mõtleme ta läbi. Edasi (1986) 19. nov., lk. 5 ; Jäägu soliidsus. Edasi (1986) 3. dets., lk. 4 ; Neemre, Ilme. Koolivorm või mitte? Edasi (1986) 19. dets., lk. 4

  6. Kuidas raamida merd? / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2005-01-01

    Korter Tallinnas Pirita teel. Sisekujundus: Ilona Põldme, OÜ Põldme. Ehitaja: OÜ Onix Invest. Olulise osa mööblist kavandas I. Põldme, valmistas OÜ Timbermeister. Elutoas kompositsioon Epp Maria Kokamäe maalist ja Jaak Arro puulõikest. Ilona Põldmest, tema tähtsamad tööd. Ill.: plaan, 19 värv. vaadet

  7. Cumulative Mass and NIOSH Variable Lifting Index Method for Risk Assessment: Possible Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stucchi, Giulia; Battevi, Natale; Pandolfi, Monica; Galinotti, Luca; Iodice, Simona; Favero, Chiara

    2017-09-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to explore whether the Variable Lifting Index (VLI) can be corrected for cumulative mass and thus test its efficacy in predicting the risk of low-back pain (LBP). Background A validation study of the VLI method was published in this journal reporting promising results. Although several studies highlighted a positive correlation between cumulative load and LBP, cumulative mass has never been considered in any of the studies investigating the relationship between manual material handling and LBP. Method Both VLI and cumulative mass were calculated for 2,374 exposed subjects using a systematic approach. Due to high variability of cumulative mass values, a stratification within VLI categories was employed. Dummy variables (1-4) were assigned to each class and used as a multiplier factor for the VLI, resulting in a new index (VLI_CMM). Data on LBP were collected by occupational physicians at the study sites. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk of acute LBP within levels of risk exposure when compared with a control group formed by 1,028 unexposed subjects. Results Data showed greatly variable values of cumulative mass across all VLI classes. The potential effect of cumulative mass on damage emerged as not significant ( p value = .6526). Conclusion When comparing VLI_CMM with raw VLI, the former failed to prove itself as a better predictor of LBP risk. Application To recognize cumulative mass as a modifier, especially for lumbar degenerative spine diseases, authors of future studies should investigate potential association between the VLI and other damage variables.

  8. Trends and priorities in the development of the Latvian banking services in the context of emerging knowledge based economy : case of e-banking / Valters Kazhe, Ilona Baumane, Erika Shumilo...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Läti pangateenuste arengutrendidest ja -prioriteetidest teadmistepõhise majanduse kontekstis. Probleemidest Läti finantssektori arengus, e-panganduse teenustest ning nende laiendamise perspektiividest. Joonised

  9. Generation of recombinant single-chain antibodies neutralizing the cytolytic activity of vaginolysin, the main virulence factor of Gardnerella vaginalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pleckaityte, Milda; Mistiniene, Edita; Lasickiene, Rita; Zvirblis, Gintautas; Zvirbliene, Aurelija

    2011-11-03

    Gardnerella vaginalis is identified as the predominant colonist of the vaginal tract in women with bacterial vaginosis. Vaginolysin (VLY) is a protein toxin released by G. vaginalis. VLY possesses cytolytic activity and is considered as a main virulence factor of G. vaginalis. Inhibition of VLY-mediated cell lysis by antibodies may have important physiological relevance. Single-chain variable fragments of immunoglobulins (scFvs) were cloned from two hybridoma cell lines producing neutralizing antibodies against VLY and expressed as active proteins in E. coli. For each hybridoma, two variants of anti-VLY scFv consisting of either VL-VH or VH-VL linked with a 20 aa-long linker sequence (G₄S)₄ were constructed. Recovery of scFvs from inclusion bodies with subsequent purification by metal-chelate chromatography resulted in VLY-binding proteins that were predominantly monomeric. The antigen-binding activity of purified scFvs was verified by an indirect ELISA. The neutralizing activity was investigated by in vitro hemolytic assay and cytolytic assay using HeLa cell line. Calculated apparent Kd values and neutralizing potency of scFvs were in agreement with those of parental full-length antibodies. VH-VL and VL-VH variants of scFvs showed similar affinity and neutralizing potency. The anti-VLY scFvs derived from hybridoma clone 9B4 exhibited high VLY-neutralizing activity both on human erythrocytes and cervical epithelial HeLa cells. Hybridoma-derived scFvs with VLY-binding activity were expressed in E. coli. Recombinant anti-VLY scFvs inhibited VLY-mediated cell lysis. The monovalent scFvs showed reduced affinity and neutralizing potency as compared to the respective full-length antibodies. The loss of avidity could be restored by generating scFv constructs with multivalent binding properties. Generated scFvs is the first example of recombinant single-chain antibodies with VLY-neutralizing activity produced in prokaryote expression system. G. vaginalis caused

  10. Generation of recombinant single-chain antibodies neutralizing the cytolytic activity of vaginolysin, the main virulence factor of Gardnerella vaginalis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pleckaityte Milda

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Gardnerella vaginalis is identified as the predominant colonist of the vaginal tract in women with bacterial vaginosis. Vaginolysin (VLY is a protein toxin released by G. vaginalis. VLY possesses cytolytic activity and is considered as a main virulence factor of G. vaginalis. Inhibition of VLY-mediated cell lysis by antibodies may have important physiological relevance. Results Single-chain variable fragments of immunoglobulins (scFvs were cloned from two hybridoma cell lines producing neutralizing antibodies against VLY and expressed as active proteins in E. coli. For each hybridoma, two variants of anti-VLY scFv consisting of either VL-VH or VH-VL linked with a 20 aa-long linker sequence (G4S4 were constructed. Recovery of scFvs from inclusion bodies with subsequent purification by metal-chelate chromatography resulted in VLY-binding proteins that were predominantly monomeric. The antigen-binding activity of purified scFvs was verified by an indirect ELISA. The neutralizing activity was investigated by in vitro hemolytic assay and cytolytic assay using HeLa cell line. Calculated apparent Kd values and neutralizing potency of scFvs were in agreement with those of parental full-length antibodies. VH-VL and VL-VH variants of scFvs showed similar affinity and neutralizing potency. The anti-VLY scFvs derived from hybridoma clone 9B4 exhibited high VLY-neutralizing activity both on human erythrocytes and cervical epithelial HeLa cells. Conclusions Hybridoma-derived scFvs with VLY-binding activity were expressed in E. coli. Recombinant anti-VLY scFvs inhibited VLY-mediated cell lysis. The monovalent scFvs showed reduced affinity and neutralizing potency as compared to the respective full-length antibodies. The loss of avidity could be restored by generating scFv constructs with multivalent binding properties. Generated scFvs is the first example of recombinant single-chain antibodies with VLY-neutralizing activity produced in

  11. Tulipunktis tootekunst / Tiina Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Tiina

    2008-01-01

    Muljeid disainimessilt "100% Design London". Eesti disainiauhinna Bruno pälvisid Mare Kelpman kollektsiooniga ""Light & Stripes" ning Tarmo Luisk valgusallikaga "Led Stick". Kommenteerivad Ilona Gurjanova, Heikki Zoova, Kaire Kemp-Tishler

  12. Viljandi otsib peaarhitekti / Aivar Aotäht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aotäht, Aivar, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Viljandi Linnavalitsuse peaarhitekti konkursile laekus üks avaldus. Peaarhitektina töötanud Ilona Merzin lahkus omal soovil. Merzini suurimaks tööalaseks õnnestumiseks oli turukvartali detailplaneeringu juhtimine

  13. Rohelise sisehooviga kodu linna tuiksoonel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Viiest kortermajast ja autodevabast sisehoovist koosnev elamukvartal Tallinnas Tartu mnt 52. Arhitektid Martin Aunin ja Marti Kahu, sisearhitektid Eerik Olle ja Ahti Peetersoo. Ilona Põldme kujundatud näidiskorteri interjöör

  14. Harmsi nägu / Tanel Pern

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pern, Tanel

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Harms, Daniil. Väljapudenevad vanaeided / tõlkinud Ilona Martson ja Rein Saluri. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2011 ; Glotser, Vladimir. Marina Durnovo: Minu mees Daniil Harms / tõlkinud Toomas Kall. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2011. (Loomingu raamatukogu)

  15. Positiivsust saab õppida / Mare Pork ; intervjueerinud Signe Rummo ; kommenteerinud Toivo Aavik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pork, Mare, 1950-

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu Tallinna Ülikooli psühholoogiaprofessor Mare Porkiga positiivsest psühholoogiast ja raamatust Boniwell, Ilona. Positiivne psühholoogia : tõhusa toimimise põhitõed. Tallinn : Äripäev, 2014.

  16. Dicty_cDB: SHK292 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkqldf*iyqiqin*kikv*ni*kgy qs*qnwiyqivvelpidh*silvlrqdlnnwiyrii*i*MTQAFKYLMVLSR--- ---XXNQKXQFNHQFKRXQXXXQNX...vli yfinfhyqylfil*hf*i*nqilfqiiiv*tfqelkqldf*iyqiqin*kikv*ni*kgy qs*qnwiyqivvelpidh*silvlrqdlnnwiyrii*i*MTQA

  17. Production in yeast of pseudotype virus-like particles harboring functionally active antibody fragments neutralizing the cytolytic activity of vaginolysin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pleckaityte Milda

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recombinant antibodies can be produced in different formats and different expression systems. Single chain variable fragments (scFvs represent an attractive alternative to full-length antibodies and they can be easily produced in bacteria or yeast. However, the scFvs exhibit monovalent antigen-binding properties and short serum half-lives. The stability and avidity of the scFvs can be improved by their multimerization or fusion with IgG Fc domain. The aim of the current study was to investigate the possibilities to produce in yeast high-affinity scFv-Fc proteins neutralizing the cytolytic activity of vaginolysin (VLY, the main virulence factor of Gardnerella vaginalis. Results The scFv protein derived from hybridoma cell line producing high-affinity neutralizing antibodies against VLY was fused with human IgG1 Fc domain. Four different variants of anti-VLY scFv-Fc fusion proteins were constructed and produced in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The non-tagged scFv-Fc and hexahistidine-tagged scFv-Fc proteins were found predominantly as insoluble aggregates and therefore were not suitable for further purification and activity testing. The addition of yeast α-factor signal sequence did not support secretion of anti-VLY scFv-Fc but increased the amount of its intracellular soluble form. However, the purified protein showed a weak VLY-neutralizing capability. In contrast, the fusion of anti-VLY scFv-Fc molecules with hamster polyomavirus-derived VP2 protein and its co-expression with VP1 protein resulted in an effective production of pseudotype virus-like particles (VLPs that exhibited strong VLY-binding activity. Recombinant scFv-Fc molecules displayed on the surface of VLPs neutralized VLY-mediated lysis of human erythrocytes and HeLa cells with high potency comparable to that of full-length antibody. Conclusions Recombinant scFv-Fc proteins were expressed in yeast with low efficiency. New approach to display the sc

  18. Vaginolysin drives epithelial ultrastructural responses to Gardnerella vaginalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randis, Tara M; Zaklama, Joanne; LaRocca, Timothy J; Los, Ferdinand C O; Lewis, Emma L; Desai, Purnahamsi; Rampersaud, Ryan; Amaral, Fábio E; Ratner, Adam J

    2013-12-01

    Gardnerella vaginalis, the bacterial species most frequently isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis (BV), produces a cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC), vaginolysin (VLY). At sublytic concentrations, CDCs may initiate complex signaling cascades crucial to target cell survival. Using live-cell imaging, we observed the rapid formation of large membrane blebs in human vaginal and cervical epithelial cells (VK2 and HeLa cells) exposed to recombinant VLY toxin and to cell-free supernatants from growing liquid cultures of G. vaginalis. Binding of VLY to its human-specific receptor (hCD59) is required for bleb formation, as antibody inhibition of either toxin or hCD59 abrogates this response, and transfection of nonhuman cells (CHO-K1) with hCD59 renders them susceptible to toxin-induced membrane blebbing. Disruption of the pore formation process (by exposure to pore-deficient toxoids or pretreatment of cells with methyl-β-cyclodextrin) or osmotic protection of target cells inhibits VLY-induced membrane blebbing. These results indicate that the formation of functional pores drives the observed ultrastructural rearrangements. Rapid bleb formation may represent a conserved response of epithelial cells to sublytic quantities of pore-forming toxins, and VLY-induced epithelial cell membrane blebbing in the vaginal mucosa may play a role in the pathogenesis of BV.

  19. Superluminal neutrinos at OPERA confront pion decay kinematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowsik, Ramanath; Nussinov, Shmuel; Sarkar, Utpal

    2011-12-16

    Violation of Lorentz invariance (VLI) has been suggested as an explanation of the superluminal velocities of muon neutrinos reported by OPERA. In this Letter, we show that the amount of VLI required to explain this result poses severe difficulties with the kinematics of the pion decay, extending its lifetime and reducing the momentum carried away by the neutrinos. We show that the OPERA experiment limits α=(ν(ν)-c)/c<4×10(-6). We then take recourse to cosmic-ray data on the spectrum of muons and neutrinos generated in Earth's atmosphere to provide a stronger bound on VLI: (ν-c)/c<10(-12). © 2011 American Physical Society

  20. Economics in "Global Health 2035": a sensitivity analysis of the value of a life year estimates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Angela Y; Robinson, Lisa A; Hammitt, James K; Resch, Stephen C

    2017-06-01

    In "Global health 2035: a world converging within a generation," The Lancet Commission on Investing in Health (CIH) adds the value of increased life expectancy to the value of growth in gross domestic product (GDP) when assessing national well-being. To value changes in life expectancy, the CIH relies on several strong assumptions to bridge gaps in the empirical research. It finds that the value of a life year (VLY) averages 2.3 times GDP per capita for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) assuming the changes in life expectancy they experienced from 2000 to 2011 are permanent. The CIH VLY estimate is based on a specific shift in population life expectancy and includes a 50 percent reduction for children ages 0 through 4. We investigate the sensitivity of this estimate to the underlying assumptions, including the effects of income, age, and life expectancy, and the sequencing of the calculations. We find that reasonable alternative assumptions regarding the effects of income, age, and life expectancy may reduce the VLY estimates to 0.2 to 2.1 times GDP per capita for LMICs. Removing the reduction for young children increases the VLY, while reversing the sequencing of the calculations reduces the VLY. Because the VLY is sensitive to the underlying assumptions, analysts interested in applying this approach elsewhere must tailor the estimates to the impacts of the intervention and the characteristics of the affected population. Analysts should test the sensitivity of their conclusions to reasonable alternative assumptions. More work is needed to investigate options for improving the approach.

  1. Economics in “Global Health 2035”: a sensitivity analysis of the value of a life year estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Angela Y; Robinson, Lisa A; Hammitt, James K; Resch, Stephen C

    2017-01-01

    Background In “Global health 2035: a world converging within a generation,” The Lancet Commission on Investing in Health (CIH) adds the value of increased life expectancy to the value of growth in gross domestic product (GDP) when assessing national well–being. To value changes in life expectancy, the CIH relies on several strong assumptions to bridge gaps in the empirical research. It finds that the value of a life year (VLY) averages 2.3 times GDP per capita for low– and middle–income countries (LMICs) assuming the changes in life expectancy they experienced from 2000 to 2011 are permanent. Methods The CIH VLY estimate is based on a specific shift in population life expectancy and includes a 50 percent reduction for children ages 0 through 4. We investigate the sensitivity of this estimate to the underlying assumptions, including the effects of income, age, and life expectancy, and the sequencing of the calculations. Findings We find that reasonable alternative assumptions regarding the effects of income, age, and life expectancy may reduce the VLY estimates to 0.2 to 2.1 times GDP per capita for LMICs. Removing the reduction for young children increases the VLY, while reversing the sequencing of the calculations reduces the VLY. Conclusion Because the VLY is sensitive to the underlying assumptions, analysts interested in applying this approach elsewhere must tailor the estimates to the impacts of the intervention and the characteristics of the affected population. Analysts should test the sensitivity of their conclusions to reasonable alternative assumptions. More work is needed to investigate options for improving the approach. PMID:28400950

  2. Polügraafiatesti abil saadud andmete usaldusväärsuse võrdlemine muude tõendite usaldusväärsusega : [bakalaureusetöö] / Ilona Marken-Kruusmägi ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond Tallinnas ; juhendaja: Talis Bachmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marken-Kruusmägi, Ilona, 1988-

    2013-01-01

    Polügraafitesti kirjeldus ning selle abil saadava informatsiooni usaldusväärsuse hindamisest, teiste tõendite tutvustusest ning nende usaldusväärsuse hindamisest, võrdlevast hinnangust, tuleviku suundumistest

  3. Ilmus esimene mahukam eestikeelne teatriajaloo ülevaade / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2007-01-01

    25. jaan. esitleti Eesti Teatriliidus "Oxfordi illustreeritud teatriajaloo" eestikeelset versiooni. Tõlkeraamatu aluseks on 1995. aastal kirjastuses Oxford University Press ilmunud samanimeline raamat, mille koostajaks on John Russell Brown. Teose on tõlkinud Anne Lange, Ilona Kolberg, Piret Kruuspere, Kristjan Jaak Kangur

  4. English for lawyers / Liina Soobik ; [preface: Peep Pruks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soobik, Liina, 1955-

    2001-01-01

    Kasutatud tekstide autorid: Peep Pruks, Merit-Ene Ilja, Ilona Nurmela, Kristi Raba, Andreas Kangur, Raul Narits, Peeter Roosma, Kalle Merusk, Maret Altnurme, Jaan Ginter, Aare Tark, Norman Aas, Lasse Lehis, Hannes Veinla, Jaan Sootak, Eerik Kergandberg, Paul Varul, Jaanus Ots, Urve Liin, Irene Kull, Merle Muda, Gaabriel Tavits, Andres Vutt, Kadri Siibak, Ellen Ridaste, Heiki Pisuke, Andrus Siibak

  5. Kilis stirs pension waters

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Sotsiaalhoolekandeminister Ilona Jursevska ei ole nõus Strateegilise Analüüsi Komisjoni juhi Robert Kilise väitega, nagu loobuks Läti tulevikus pensionisüsteemist. President Valdis Zatlers usub, et see väide algatas vajaliku debati

  6. Eesti disain taas Pariisis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Disainerite Liit esitleb septembris 2007 oma kollektsiooni Pariisi sisustusmessi Maison&Object disainisektsioonis NOW! Stendi kujundus on Anneli Lobjalt. Osalejatest nimetatud: Annike Laigo, Merike Rehepapp, Jaanus Orgusaar, Jan Graps, Ken Ruut, Jaakko Matsalu, Eva-Liisa Kriis, Liisa Kallam, Liisa Tomasberg, Tarmo Luisk, Monika Järg, Keret Altpere, Elna Kaasik, Tõnis Vellama ja Ilona Gurjanova

  7. Aiamööbel tuleb tuppa ja vastupidi / Anneli Lobja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobja, Anneli

    2007-01-01

    Sügisesest Pariisi disainimessist "Maison&Objet", kus õue- ja toamööbli vahe on hajumas. Eesti ühisel stendil esitasid Tarmo Luisk, Annike Laigo, Jaanus Orgussaar, Keret Altpere, Sixten Heidmets ja Ilona Gurjanova oma väikeseeria tooteid ja unikaalesemeid

  8. Suur-Helsingi 2050

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise ideekonkursi "Suur-Helsingi 2050" 109 projekti seas võitis WSP Finland Ltd tööga "Emerald", mille põhiautorid on arhitektid Juha Eskolin, Jenni Lautso, Ilona Mansikka ja Tuomas Vuorinen. Projekt tegeleb komplekselt maakasutuse, elustiili, transpordi, maastikukujunduse, energiatootmise ja säästva arenguga

  9. International Conference: Paraoxonases - Basic and Clinical Directions of Current Research (1st) Held in Ann Arbor, Michigan on April 22-24, 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    Rodrfguez, 4B.N. La Du, 4D. Draganov, 2C. Rios. C. 1Facultad de Farmacia , Universidad Aut6noma del Estado de Morelos, 2Departamento de Neuroquimica...paragh@ibel.dote.hu Morelos. Facultad de Farmacia Universidad 1001. Col PETRIKOVICS, Ilona Chamilpa.Cuernavaca, Morelos. C.P. U.S. Army Medical Research

  10. Lastevihkaja Daniil Harms ja puuslik Leonid Iljitš Brežnev / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustus: Harms, Daniil. Väljapudunevad vanaeided / tõlkinud Ilona Martson ja Rein Saluri. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2011 ; Bourget, Paul. Õpilane / tõlkinud Kattri Ezzoubi. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2011 ; Mletšin, Leonid. Brežnev. Tallinn : Varrak, 2011

  11. Disainiaasta eelmäng toimus Helsingis / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti disaini tutvustav rändnäitus "10D" Helsingi disaini infokeskuses Design Forum Finland 23.08-10.09.2006. Osalevad Martin Pärn, Igor Volkov, Heikki Zoova, Tarmo Luisk, Raimo Sau, TEN TWELWE OÜ (Jukka Halttunen, Tommi Silvan), Jan Graps, Lasse Ira, Ivari Männi, Tõnis Vellama, Ilona Gurjanova

  12. "It's the end of the world as we know it - human displacement, loss of States and climate change"

    OpenAIRE

    Millar, Ilona

    2008-01-01

    Commentary by Ilona Millar (Staff Lawyer, Climate Change and Energy Programme, Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development [FIELD]) published in Amicus Curiae - Journal of the Society for Advanced Legal Studies. The Journal is produced by the Society for Advanced Legal Studies at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of London.

  13. Disain kõrvuti Pärdi ja Oksasega Eestit esindamas / Monika Järg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järg, Monika, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    Normandias festivalil "Les Boréales" 12.11.-31.12.2010 avatud eesti disaini näitusest "design_estonia", kus on eksponeeritud mööbel, valgustid ja tekstiilikunst. Projekti kuraatorid Marko Ala ja Ilona Gurjanova. Loetletud osalejaid. Põhja- ja Baltimaade kultuuri tutvustaval festivalil on veel esindatud muusika, kino ja kirjandus

  14. Diet History Questionnaire: Canadian Version

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) and the DHQ nutrient database were modified for use in Canada through the collaborative efforts of Dr. Amy Subar and staff at the Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Branch, and Dr. Ilona Csizmadi and colleagues in the Division of Population Health and Information at the Alberta Cancer Board in Canada.

  15. Ungari keraamika ja tekstiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tarbekunstimuuseumis ungari keraamika ja tekstiilinäitus. Eksponeeritud György Fusz'i, György Kungl'i ja Sándor Kecskeméti keraamiline pisiplastika, Márta Nagy, Sándor Molnár'i ja Ilona Lammel'i portselanplastika, Anna Pauli sisustuskangad

  16. Lutshim dizaineram vrutshenõ premii Bruno / Tiina Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Tiina

    2008-01-01

    26. septembril tehti Arhitektuuri- ja disainigaleriis teatavaks Eesti disainiauhinna Bruno võitjad. Parima tootedisaini preemia sai Mare Kelpman, parima disainiprojekti eest sai preemia Tarmo Luisk ja eeskujuliku design management'i eest sai preemia ByRoller. Rahvusvahelisse žürii koosseis. Kommenteerib Ilona Gurjanova

  17. Brunovskoje dvizhenije dizaina / Iosef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Iosef

    2006-01-01

    Eesti disainiauhinna nominentide näitus Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis Tallinnas. Eesti Disaini Auhinda "Bruno" tutvustab Ilona Gurjanova. Parimaks eesti tooteks tunnistati Martin Pärna juhtimisel väljatöötatud büroomööbli komplekt "Krog". Parima disainiprojekti autor on Annike Laigo

  18. Milline on Eesti suhtekorraldusmaastik 2016. aasta alguses? / Kertu Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Kertu

    2016-01-01

    Eesti suhtekorraldusbüroode klientidest, töötajate arvust ja käibest, suhtekorraldusteenuse turuhinnast ning 2016. aasta trendidest PR-maastikul. Vestluses osalesid PR-ettevõtete esindajad Aleksandra Moorast, Heikki Sal-Saller, Ilona Leib, Inge Rumessen, Janek Mäggi, Kristi Jõesaar, Kristi Liiva, Mari-Liis Ahven ja Jaan Vare

  19. EVALUATION OF NEW VARIETIES OF SUMMER WHEAT TRITICUEVALUATION OF NEW VARIETIES OF SUMMER WHEAT TRITICUEVALUATION OF NEW VAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Bojňanská

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to analyse new varieties of summer wheat cultivated in The aim of this work was to analyse new varieties of summer wheat cultivated in The aim of this work was to analyse new varieties of summer wheat cultivated in The aim of this work was to analyse new varieties of summer wheat cultivated in a Research institute of breeding in Bučany (BU-117, BU-130, BU-138, BU-142, BU-144, BU- 149, BU-150, BU-159, BU-160, in particular in terms of milling quality parameters identified by the direct method - experimental milling, and considering the rheological properties of flours obtained in this way. Variety Ilona was used as a check sample. It properties of flours obtained in this way. Variety Ilona was used as a check sample. It properties of flours obtained in this way. Variety Ilona was used as a check sample. It properties of flours obtained in this way. Variety Ilona was used as a check sample. It was found that the extraction of the first fraction was in all the tested new varieties higher thanfound that the extraction of the first fraction was in all the tested new varieties higher thanfound that the extraction of the first fraction was in all the tested new varieties higher thanfound that the extraction of the first fraction was in all the tested new varieties higher than in the check variety Ilona, which can be regarded as a positive trend of modern breeding process. Total extraction of flours (sum of fractions I and II. was the highest in new varieties BU-Total extraction of flours (sum of fractions I and II. was the highest in new varieties BU-Total extract

  20. Keskmise suurusega akutrellid / Rakennusmaailma põhjal Ingrid Maasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Võrdluses on 14,4 V akutrell-kruvikeerajad: AEG BS14 C; Black&Decker HP146F4L; Bosch GSR 14,4 V-LI; Bosch PSR LI-2; Einhell RT-CD; Festool T 15+3; Hitachi DS 14BDL; Makita BDF442; Metabo LT; Milwaukee C14DD; Panasonic EY 7441LR; Spit SDI 145

  1. Studies of the defect structure from the calculations of optical and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    By calculating the optical spectrum band positions and EPR parameters (g factors, g , g⊥ and zero-field ... along C3-axis from a plane half-way between those formed by the O2− ion [16]. So the VLi above and ... Diagonalizing the energy matrix, the energy levels (and hence the optical spectrum band positions) and the ...

  2. The Effect of Virtual vs. Traditional Classroom Instruction on Creative Thinking of Iranian High School EFL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varzaneh, Soheila Shafiee; Baharlooie, Roya

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of virtual vs. traditional classroom instruction on creative thinking among Iranian High school EFL Learners. One-hundred and forty three female of high and low level of proficiency, who were selected randomly, were assigned to two VLI (N = 60) and TCI group (N = 60) based on their scores in OPT. Then, each group…

  3. X Nüpli kevadkool "Kolumbus oli naine" : esseistlik kokkuvõte / Tiina Kirss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Tiina, 1957-

    2001-01-01

    Ettekannetes käsitleti ka Noor-Eesti III albumit (Elo Lindsalu), A. H. Tammsaare üliõpilasnovelle (Mirjam Hinrikus), Arvo Valtoni novellikogu "Kahekesi" (Anneli Mihkelev), Aino Kallase loomingut (Sirje Olesk ja Leena Kurvet-Käosaar) ning Aino Perviku lasteraamatut "Arabella, mereröövli tütar" (Berk Vaher)

  4. Generation of dimeric single-chain antibodies neutralizing the cytolytic activity of vaginolysin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zilvinas Dapkunas

    2017-07-01

    Conclusions: The protein obtained by the genetic fusion of two anti-VLY scFvs into a dimeric molecule exhibited improved properties in comparison with monomeric scFv. This new recombinant antibody might implement new possibilities for the prophylaxis and treatment of the diseases caused by the bacteria G. vaginalis.

  5. Antimicrobial susceptibility and vaginolysin in Gardnerella vaginalis from healthy and bacterial vaginosis diagnosed women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knupp de Souza, Daniele Maria; Diniz, Claudio Galuppo; Filho, Didier Silveira Castellano; Andrade de Oliveira, Laura Maria; Coelho, Débora Martins; Talha, Luciana De Souza; Nascimento, Thiago César do; Ferreira-Machado, Alessandra Barbosa; Silva, Vânia Lúcia da

    2016-09-30

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a syndrome related to Gardnerella vaginalis and is characterized by an imbalance in the vaginal microbiota. This work focused on the evaluation of antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and the occurrence of the vaginolysin (vly) gene in G. vaginalis isolated from BV and non-BV patients. The vaginal secretions were collected randomly and processed for G. vaginalis isolation. The isolates were presumptively identified by β-hemolysis and oxidase and catalase tests. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to confirm bacterial identity and to detect the vly gene. Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns were determined. Of 89 patients, G. vaginalis was isolated from 42 (37 BV and 5 non-BV), and 204 isolates were selected (179 from BV and 25 non-BV). The vly gene was detected in all G. vaginalis isolated from non-BV women and in 98.3% of the bacteria from BV patients. High resistance was observed for ampicillin (54.4%), metronidazole (59.8%), tinidazole (60.3%) and secnidazole (71.6%). Further studies are needed to better address the role of G. vaginalis and the vly gene in BV pathogenesis.

  6. Genetic and biochemical diversity of Gardnerella vaginalis strains isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pleckaityte, Milda; Janulaitiene, Migle; Lasickiene, Rita; Zvirbliene, Aurelija

    2012-06-01

    Gardnerella vaginalis is considered a substantial player in the progression of bacterial vaginosis (BV). We analysed 17 G. vaginalis strains isolated from the genital tract of women diagnosed with BV to establish a potential link between genotypes/biotypes and the expression of virulence factors, vaginolysin (VLY) and sialidase, which are assumed to play a substantial role in the pathogenesis of BV. Amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis revealed two G. vaginalis genotypes. Gardnerella vaginalis isolates of genotype 2 appeared more complex than genotype 1 and were subdivided into three subtypes. Biochemical typing allowed us to distinguish four different biotypes. A great diversity of the level of VLY production among the isolates of G. vaginalis may be related to a different cytotoxicity level of the strains. We did not find any correlation between VLY production level and G. vaginalis genotype/biotype. In contrast, a link between G. vaginalis genotype and sialidase production was established. Our findings on the diversity of VLY expression level in different clinical isolates and linking sialidase activity with the genotype of G. vaginalis could help to evaluate the pathogenic potential of different G. vaginalis strains. © 2012 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Blunt abdominal trauma: changing patterns in diagnostic and treatment strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Vlies, C.H.

    2012-01-01

    Een stomp trauma van de buik (door bijvoorbeeld een auto-ongeluk, een val van grote hoogte, een stuur in de buik) is de meest voorkomende oorzaak van buikletsel in Nederland. Cees van der Vlies keek naar de diagnostiek en behandeling van patiënten. Een CT-scan is de gouden standaard om stomp

  8. Loomingu kaudu taaselustun / Ellinor Piipuu ; küsitlenud Anne Tiivel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piipuu, Ellinor

    1998-01-01

    Ellinor Piipuu (loonud pisiplastikat, aia- ja dekoratiiv skulptuure) oma loomingust, töödest, mis on olnud olulised või eriliselt armsad pikal loomingulisel teel. Meenutusi Riigi Kunsttööstuskoolis õppimisest, õpetajaks olnud ungarlastest abielupaarist prof. Géza Jakóst ja Ilona Jakóst, täiendõppest 1939. a. Helsingis "Arabia"portselanivabriku kunstiosakonnas. Skulptuuridest E. Piipuu koduaias Hiiul

  9. Loomingu kaudu taaselustun / Ellinor Piipuu ; interv. Anne Tiivel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piipuu, Ellinor

    1998-01-01

    Ellinor Piipuu (loonud pisiplastikat, aia- ja dekoratiivskulptuure) oma loomingust, töödest, mis on olnud olulised või eriliselt armsad pikal loomingulisel teel. Meenutusi Riigi Kunsttööstuskoolis õppimisest, õpetajateks olnud ungarlastest abielupaarist prof. Géza Jak̤st ja Ilona Jak̤st, täiendõppest 1939. a. Helsingis "Arabia" portselanivabriku kunstiosakonnas. Skulptuuridest E. Piipuu koduaias Hiiul

  10. Sul on miljoni dollari idee? Nemad aitavad sul selle rahaks teha / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti kultuurivahendajatest, nende nappusest. Kultuurikorraldusest, loomest ja ettevõtlusest, kultuuriturundusest, loomemajandusest, mänedžeri ja looja koostööst, kultuuri ekspordist. Kultuurikorraldajate koolitusest Tartu Ülikoolis ning Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemias. Arvamust avaldavad galerist Olga Temnikova, Eesti Disainerite Liidu esimees Ilona Gurjanova, kontserdikorraldaja Helen Sildna, Ville Jehe disainibüroost Keha3, Von Krahli Teatri projektijuht Elo-Liis Parmas, moekorraldaja Merilyn Kesküla jt.

  11. Millest mõtled, raamatukoguhoidja?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastavad RR normandmete osakonna juhataja Sirje Nilbe, TÜR üld- ja arendusosakonna peaspetsialist Ilona Smuškina, EAR baltikaosakonna vanembibliograaf Katrin Kaugver, TTÜR komplekteerimisosakonna juhataja Meelis Ideon ; nr. 6: Tartu Linna Keskraamatukogu väliseesti kirjanduse osakonna peaspetsialist Tiina Tarik, Valga Keskraamatukogu peaspetsialist Kristi Simpson, Viljandi Linnaraamatukogu peaspetsialist Linda Sarapuu, Tallinna Keskraamatukogu võõrkeelse kirjanduse osakonna juhataja Ludmilla Kapatsõna

  12. Mida teha vanade rattakummidega? Disainiööl näed! / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    23.-26. septembrini Tallinnas viiendat korda toimuvast Disainiööst, peakorraldaja Ilona Gurjanova. Avatud on disainiauhinna Bruno finalistide näitus Athitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis 8. okt.-ni, näitus "100 m disaini Elevaatoris" 3. okt.-ni, hollandi disainerite väljapanek jalgratta teemadel. Üritustesarjast "Moedisain teie teenistuses", 26. sept.-l esilinastuvast Ene Läki dokumentaalfilmist "Eesti disain seestpoolt vaadates" jm.

  13. ESADSE, Option Design: Workshop Tallinn For All

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest koostööprojektist "Cities For All - Tallinn For All". Projekti viis läbi Eesti Disainerite Liit. Ilona Gurjanova organiseeritud töötubades osalesid ajavahemikus september 2010 - september 2011 järgmised kõrgkoolid: Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, Mainori Kõrgkool, Tartu Ülikooli Pärnu Kolledž, Aalto Ülikool (Soome), Saint-Étienne Higher School of Art and Design (Prantsusmaa)

  14. Kõnelused Tartus / Anne Untera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Untera, Anne, 1951-

    2007-01-01

    8.-10. V Tartus toimunud eesti, läti ja saksa kunstiteadlaste ühisseminarist. Alexander Knorre rääkis Karl August Senffi, Ilona Audere Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli, Mai Levin Karl Alexander von Winkleri, Kristiana Abele Johann Walter-Kurau (1869-1932), Anne Untera Konstantin ja Sally von Kügelgeni, Epp Preem Julie Hagen-Schwartzi, Friedrich Gross Eduard von Gebhardti ja Katharina Hadding Ida Kerkoviuse (1879-1970) loomingust

  15. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors : [annotations] / Rutt Hinrikus, Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    2000-01-01

    Kaur Kender. Yuppiejumal; Hiram [Laaniste, Mari]. Mõru maik; Paul-Eerik Rummo. Luuletused; Ilona Laaman. Mulle ei meeldinud su nimi; Lehte Hainsalu. Viis minutit pärast vihma ja Kukelokuti; Maimu Berg. Ära; Kalju Kruusa. Meeleolu; Ervin Õunapuu. Eesti gootika ja Teie mälestuseks, kes iganes te olete ja kus asute; Ilmar Talve. Kevad Eestis, Kutsumatu külaline ja Kolmas kodumaa

  16. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors : [annotations] / Rutt Hinrikus, Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    1998-01-01

    Laretei, Käbi. Eksiil; Toona, Elin. Lotukata; Park, Eeva. Naeru õpilane; Luik, Viivi. Inimese kapike; Laaman, Ilona. Vesi ahjus; Viiding, Juhan (Üdi, Jüri). Kogutud luuletused; Paju, Juhan. Katkenud romaan; Paju, Juhan. Hõõguv rist; Estonian short stories / toim. Kajar Pruul ja Darlene Reddaway; Traat, Mats. Kartaago kiirrong; Kauksi Ülle. Säng; Kross, Jaan. Paigallend; Puhvel, Madli. Symbol of dawn; Kaplinski, Jaan. Võimaluste võimalikkus; Kaplinski, Jaan. Usk on uskmatus

  17. Kuidas sünnib pealkiri? / Pärt Lias

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lias, Pärt

    2003-01-01

    Eesti kirjanikud vastavad Pärt Liase küsimusele oma teoste pealkirjade saamisloo kohta: Doris Kareva, Ilona Laaman, Eha Lättemäe, Priidu Beier, Oskar Kruus, Jaan Kruusvall, Paul-Eerik Rummo ja Andres Vanapa (1); Triin Soomets, Priit Aimla, Aarne Puu, Einar Sander, Jüri Tuulik ja Ülo Tuulik (2); Nikolai Baturin, Leo Metsar, Toomas Vint, Leonid Stolovitš ja Pärt Lias (3)

  18. Determination of the Atmospheric Neutrino Flux and Searches for New Physics with AMANDA-II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    IceCube Collaboration; Klein, Spencer; Collaboration, IceCube

    2009-06-02

    The AMANDA-II detector, operating since 2000 in the deep ice at the geographic South Pole, has accumulated a large sample of atmospheric muon neutrinos in the 100 GeV to 10 TeV energy range. The zenith angle and energy distribution of these events can be used to search for various phenomenological signatures of quantum gravity in the neutrino sector, such as violation of Lorentz invariance (VLI) or quantum decoherence (QD). Analyzing a set of 5511 candidate neutrino events collected during 1387 days of livetime from 2000 to 2006, we find no evidence for such effects and set upper limits on VLI and QD parameters using a maximum likelihood method. Given the absence of evidence for new flavor-changing physics, we use the same methodology to determine the conventional atmospheric muon neutrino flux above 100 GeV.

  19. Virtual reality improves embodiment and neuropathic pain caused by spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pozeg, Polona; Palluel, Estelle; Ronchi, Roberta; Solcà, Marco; Al-Khodairy, Abdul-Wahab; Jordan, Xavier; Kassouha, Ammar; Blanke, Olaf

    2017-10-06

    To investigate changes in body ownership and chronic neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) using multisensory own body illusions and virtual reality (VR). Twenty patients with SCI with paraplegia and 20 healthy control participants (HC) participated in 2 factorial, randomized, repeated-measures design studies. In the virtual leg illusion (VLI), we applied asynchronous or synchronous visuotactile stimulation to the participant's back (either immediately above the lesion level or at the shoulder) and to the virtual legs as seen on a VR head-mounted display. We tested the effect of the VLI on the sense of leg ownership (questionnaires) and on perceived neuropathic pain (visual analogue scale pain ratings). We compared illusory leg ownership with illusory global body ownership (induced in the full body illusion [FBI]), by applying asynchronous or synchronous visuotactile stimulation to the participant's back and the back of a virtual body as seen on a head-mounted display. Our data show that patients with SCI are less sensitive to multisensory stimulations inducing illusory leg ownership (as compared to HC) and that leg ownership decreased with time since SCI. In contrast, we found no differences between groups in global body ownership as tested in the FBI. VLI and FBI were both associated with mild analgesia that was only during the VLI specific for synchronous visuotactile stimulation and the lower back position. The present findings show that VR exposure using multisensory stimulation differently affected leg vs body ownership, and is associated with mild analgesia with potential for SCI neurorehabilitation protocols. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Neurology.

  20. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. K Mahata. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 57 Issue 1 July 2001 pp 209-213 Contributed Papers : Nuclear reactions. Breakup of 42 MeVLi projectiles in the fields of 12C andAu nuclei · Dhruba Gupta C Samanta R Kanungo P Basu Subinit Roy S Kailas ...

  1. Development of Neural Network Architectures for Self- Organizing Pattern Recognition and Robotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-01

    ARFI 2 recognition svysterni A notlher new andaog adapt ivYe r"ncrsl lf iodt Mi Pz / v A HI) incorporates, conipu)t1ations fro fuzzy smet heory into...gjenerator is t he Vector lnte-grati’ni to FrolpoIrit. ( lITE 1niode0 for >,VThrrl(’iroio1Ž arno ’ speed cont rol of tri ilt ijoi nt mrovements. VliTE

  2. Noise Measurements Of Resistors With The Use Of Dual-Phase Virtual Lock-In Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stadler Adam Witold

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Measurement of low-frequency noise properties of modern electronic components is a very demanding challenge due to the low magnitude of a noise signal and the limit of a dissipated power. In such a case, an ac technique with a lock-in amplifier or the use of a low-noise transformer as the first stage in the signal path are common approaches. A software dual-phase virtual lock-in (VLI technique has been developed and tested in low-frequency noise studies of electronic components. VLI means that phase-sensitive detection is processed by a software layer rather than by an expensive hardware lock-in amplifier. The VLI method has been tested in exploration of noise in polymer thick-film resistors. Analysis of the obtained noise spectra of voltage fluctuations confirmed that the 1/f noise caused by resistance fluctuations is the dominant one. The calculated value of the parameter describing the noise intensity of a resistive material, C = 1·10−21 m3, is consistent with that obtained with the use of a dc method. On the other hand, it has been observed that the spectra of (excitation independent resistance noise contain a 1/f component whose intensity depends on the excitation frequency. The phenomenon has been explained by means of noise suppression by impedances of the measurement circuit, giving an excellent agreement with the experimental data.

  3. On Hungarian and Slavic linguistics in the collection of papers dedicated to Mihály Péter / Aleksandr Dulitšenko, Szilárd Tóth

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dulitšenko, Aleksandr, 1941-

    1999-01-01

    Arvustus: Nyelv, stílus, irodalom : köszöntö könyv Péter Mihįly 70. születésnapjára / Banczerowski Janusz, Han Anna, Kassai Ilona, Nyomįrkay Istvįn közremuködésével szerkesztette Zoltán András. Budapest : ELTE BTK Keleti Szláv és Balti Filológiai Tanszék, 1998

  4. Kultuurkapitali aastapreemiad 2009 / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Žürii liige kandidaatidest, preemia saanud objektidest, preemia määramise põhjendus. Peapreemia said Andres Alver, Veljo Kaasik ja Tiit Trummal Tallinna Vabaduse väljaku eest. Arhitektuuri objektipreemia võitis Uus- ja Vana Jahuladu Tallinnas (HG Arhitektuur, Hanno Grossschmidt, Tomomi Hayashi, Yoko Azukava), väikeobjekti preemia Lasva veetorn (põhiautor Veronika Valk), restaureerimise preemia Nõmme Saksa Lunastaja kirik (Fredi-Armand Tomps, Anne Koppel), sisearhitektuuri preemia AS Baltika büroo (Studio 3, Kolm Pluss Üks), tegevuspreemia Ilona Gurjanova

  5. Vikergallup : eesti kirjandus 2001 : [vastused Vikerkaare küsitlusele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Aut.: Vahur Afanasjev, Veiko Belials, Piret Jaaks, Jan Kaus, Janek Kraavi, Priit Kruus, Leo Luks, Ilona Martson, Hedda Maurer, Anneli Mihkelev, Jürgen Rooste, Aarne Ruben, Mihkel Samarüütel, François Serpent, Ivar Sild, Karl Martin Sinijärv, Lauri Sommer, Jaak Urmet, Berk Vaher. 2001. a. parima uudisraamatu tiitlit jagasid Mehis Heinsaare "Härra Pauli kroonikad", Jan Kausi "Maailm ja mõni" ning Ene Mihkelsoni "Ahasveeruse uni"; parimaks esikraamatuks valiti Mehis Heinsaare "Vanameeste näppaja"

  6. Meie vastus : Eduard Laamani päevik 1922-1940

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Eesti poliitiku ja kultuuriloolase Eduard Laamani (1888-1941) päevik, mis on tütar Ilona Laamani annetus Eesti Riigiarhiivi. Esimese osa ees ülevaade elust ja tegevusest ning tema tööde bibliograafia. Ülevaade päevikust H. Arumäe "Eduard Laamani päevik lähiajaloo allikana" ajak. "Tuna", 2000, nr.1-4. Järg nr. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 ; 2004.a nr. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,10.

  7. Defense Environmental Restoration Program Annual Report to Congress for Fiscal Year 1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-02-01

    Malus of IRP erepos actions. and schedules fo initiating and cm4plcting thowe respoil.se 3tAI. Tile infomiutlun in AppeiVliUM B ddresses the...private domestic wells contaminated with glycols are pro- was completed in 1991. Remedial posed for inclusion in the RI/FS. actions planned for 1992...to implement the RI/FS at each lion, and a carbon filtration system for domestic and agricultural use. operable unit. The RI/FS for the has been

  8. [Manual material handling risk assessment and ergonomic improvement in foodstuff retailing company].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maso, S; Maccà, I; Simonetti, A; Scopa, P; Paruzzolo, P; Bonacci, A; Murgolo, I; Bartolucci, G B

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess and reduce the risk due to manual material handling in a company involved in the foodstuff retailing. The risk assessment was performed by NIOSH Variable Lifing Index in 13 different occupational conditions. As result the risk was present in any case, with VLI values ranging from 2.12 to 2.81. A good risk reduction has been accomplished correcting properly the most important multiplier involved in the computation of the revised NIOSH Lifting equation (lifting frequency and weight of heavier products). Even if the performed risk reduction has been significant, the residual risk is still higher than the level of acceptability.

  9. Aircraft Accidents: Trends in Aerospace Medical Investigation Techniques (Les Accidents d’Aeronefs: les Tendances en Techniques d’Investigation Medicale)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    toxicity of the Session V`lI included three papers addressing different as- generated gas mixture in which carbon monoxide and hydro- pects of rotary-wing...141___- SUDDEN INCAPACITATION UNGCCNSCIOUSNF.S1, i96 OVERCONTROL 143 _ CARBON MOFJOXICE POISONING 197 OTHER____________ 144 TOXIC EXPCSUPE S JDMN N...quand une personne, membre d𔄀quipage ou non, y trauve is mart. I9A11 V :ATT1IT:6I:::EN BILAN GLOBAL DES PERTES VATP, /0.000 FH0SATRIOTRD 3.5 0 FATALITT

  10. Ada Compiler Validation Summary Report: Certificate Number: 901210I1.11122 Tartan Inc., Tartan Ada Sun/960MC Version 4.0, Sun 3/60 = Intel ICE960/25 on an SunOS Vers 4.0.3 Intel EXV80960MC Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-09

    Paramneter Mac= Vli SY.AX_:N -LErN 240 SACC-S:zE 32 SAL IGNMENT 4 SCOUNT-LAST 2147483646 SDEFA*UL! MEM S:ZE 2097152 SDEF~LT YS N.ME 1960MC SrDELT’A :C...subprogram whose implementaton is provided in the form of an object code module. LanguageName may be either UseCall or Use Sal as described in Section...type are described by a component clause, then the discriminants and componente wi, out component clauses are allocated after those with component

  11. Planar Embedding of Planar Graphs,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-01

    Mathematics Dept. Computer Science Dept... Mathematics and Computer Science, Hebrew University, (ilvat Ram 91904, Jerusalem, Israel. t Work supported by DARP’A contracLNlAQ09j4-0N22r Air Force contract...Sopd.,, &abouin bou* plom abeidfo of Ures CMV Ckaf. on VLSI Symsexm and Cmdnpi&b&2, O Mier36. M L G. Vaboisa, %hoksmdiu mudrmin VLI eboulie,’ AM Trm. COmut ., V91.0-30, pp. 135- 441 i--v II Ig V.A, AII ’A’ *Art w .09.*

  12. Lámina auxiliar para construir carreteras, Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1974-02-01

    Full Text Available This new system for working on soft terrains is called «Linz PP Vlies» and it is supplied in 125 kg rolls 2.50 m wide by 125 m long which permits up to 3,000 m2 to be covered in one hour. They can be sewn or welded to a parallel sheet for greater widths. A 35 cm layer of gravel is usually placed over it. It behaves well under the effects of additives, putrefaction, erosion, breakage, etc.Este nuevo sistema para trabajar sobre terrenos blandos se denomina «Linz PP Vlies» y se sirve en rollos de 2,50 m de anchura por 125 m de longitud, con 125 kg, permitiendo cubrir en una hora, hasta 3.000 m2. Puede coserse o soldarse con otra lámina paralela a fin de conseguir mayores anchuras. Sobre ella suele colocarse una capa de grava de 35 cm. Tiene un buen comportamiento ante los aditivos, putrefacción, erosión, rotura, etc.

  13. [Manual lifting and manual transport: risk assessment and prevalence of work-related diseases in construction companies in Basilicata].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicoletti, S; Battevi, N; Colafemmina, G; Di Leone, G; Satriani, G; Ragone, P; Occhipinti, E

    2013-01-01

    The Basilicata Regional Headquarters of the Italian Institute for Insurance against Occupational Accidents and Disease (INAIL) and the Basilicata association of small building enterprises (Edilcassa di Basilicata) promoted a research project to assess the risk of manual lifting and manual transport in construction enterprises in the Basilicata Region and estimate the prevalence of related diseases. Manual lifting risk assessment was performed by calculating the VLI of 204 working days in as many building workers. Manual transport risk assessment was carried out comparing the weights transported (on the 204 days tested) with the reference values of the "Snoock and Ciriello" tables. Manual Ifting risk was present on 195 of the 204 days, with an average value of VLI equal to 2.1 (min 0.4, max 8.5), with higher values in the restructuring sector (VLI average of 2.3, min 0.4, max 8.5), and no significant differences between the different tasks. Manual transport risk was present on 129 of the 204 days, with average values of 1.2 (min 0.2, max 3.3), with no significant differences between the different tasks analyzed For both risks additional factors were present that were not analyzed by the methods of assessment used (for manual lifting: 8.8% of the geometries in the critical area; for manual transport: 39% of transport on shoulders, 42.5% on a route with uneven surface and 31.9% on a sloping route), so it is likely that the actual risk is greater than that indicated by the synthetic indices of exposure. The medical questionnaire showed from the case histories that 148 out of 546 subjects were positive for the threshold forpain or discomfort in the lumbosacral spine area and 99 out of 546 subjects reported suffering from an already diagnosed herniated spinal disk. Only 18% of osteoarticular diseases was reported to the Insurance Institute, al though there was widespread awareness that the diseases in question might be related to work. Diseases of the spine were

  14. Teenetemärgid : president autasustab vabariigi 85. aastapäeva puhul 293 inimest aumärkide ja medalitega

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Valgetähe III klassi teenetemärgi sai ka Sergei Issakov; Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi said ka Ott Raun, Kristiina Ross, Piret Saluri; Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgi said ka Ilona Laaman, Karin Saarsen-Karlstedt; Valgetähe medali sai ka Venda Sõelsepp. Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi said ka bibliograafid Ivi Eenmaa ja Tiiu Valm ning Valgetähe V klassi bibliograaf Liisa-Ann Düüna. Vt. nimekiri ka Eesti Päevaleht (2003) 4. veebr., lk. 6-7; SL Õhtuleht (2003) 5. veebr., lk. 9

  15. Sisustusuudised / Lylian Meister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meister, Lylian, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Disainiaasta korraldajad on kuulutanud välja konkursi kõigile Eesti inimestele, ideed saata EKA Disaini Innovatsioonikeskusesse. Philippe Starcki disainitud lamp Bedside Gun firmale Flos. Laura Ashley kaubamärk on jõudnud Tallinna. Saksa firma Sanaform ergonoomiline tool Falto on müügil kaupluses And Tallinna Kaubamajas. Paola Suhoneni loodud kaubamärgi IvanaHelsinki moekauplusest Helsingis. Tõnis Vellama disainitud seinavalgustit ANGEL toodab Eesti firma SEOS Valgustus, müüb Nu Nordic. Ilona Gurjanova ja Soome ettevõtte Savcor One Line koostöös sündinud LeArt kahhelkivide kollektsiooni tutvustati 10D näitusel Helsingi Design Forumis ja see oli edukas disainimessil Maison & Objet Pariisis. Kris Lemsalu keraamikat müüb Nu Nordic. Sixten Heidmetsa ja Sirli Põllumäe noortemööbli kollektsiooni, mida toodab Fellin Furniture, saab osta Aatriumi Sisustuskaubamajast

  16. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FOBUR

    co-a:,.;.sdc:r,:; Vl:llLLt:Ji. W('ft,' pl)rdbO!i'. pO.t(Cnl ~naming j)'~ VL:I1:Jt~ i5t. 24: wceb of g~~ta~mn ~ltd il:.."Crc:~~d. ~f t\\l'l.'l.';;mls tild. '..lf ~c~1fl~km. A. E(). ~~<}kH. l.a(C. ~he l'eS isHv~ indi{:CS { pti~S.'2!i f11y mde:\\, n~~i~~i v~~y n'f.~ffi~vc c.~rrclazion g~sl~~[anal ~g~. 1ndcx anti. sySlQh{;~d ...

  17. History, Structure and Agency in Global Health Governance; Comment on “Global Health Governance Challenges 2016 – Are We Ready?”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Gill

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Ilona Kickbusch’s thought provoking editorial is criticized in this commentary, partly because she fails to refer to previous critical work on the global conditions and policies that sustain inequality, poverty, poor health and damage to the biosphere and, as a result, she misreads global power and elides consideration of the fundamental historical structures of political and material power that shape agency in global health governance. We also doubt that global health can be improved through structures and processes of multilateralism that are premised on the continued reproduction of the ecologically myopic and socially unsustainable market civilization model of capitalist development that currently prevails in the world economy. This model drives net financial flows from poor to rich countries and from the poor to the affluent and super wealthy individuals. By contrast, we suggest that significant progress in global health requires a profound and socially just restructuring of global power, greater global solidarity and the “development of sustainability.”

  18. Atmospheric and aerosol chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McNeill, V. Faye [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Ariya, Parisa A. (ed.) [McGill Univ. Montreal, QC (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry; McGill Univ. Montreal, QC (Canada). Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences

    2014-09-01

    This series presents critical reviews of the present position and future trends in modern chemical research. Short and concise reports on chemistry, each written by the world renowned experts. Still valid and useful after 5 or 10 years. More information as well as the electronic version of the whole content available at: springerlink.com. Christian George, Barbara D'Anna, Hartmut Herrmann, Christian Weller, Veronica Vaida, D. J. Donaldson, Thorsten Bartels-Rausch, Markus Ammann Emerging Areas in Atmospheric Photochemistry. Lisa Whalley, Daniel Stone, Dwayne Heard New Insights into the Tropospheric Oxidation of Isoprene: Combining Field Measurements, Laboratory Studies, Chemical Modelling and Quantum Theory. Neil M. Donahue, Allen L. Robinson, Erica R. Trump, Ilona Riipinen, Jesse H. Kroll Volatility and Aging of Atmospheric Organic Aerosol. P. A. Ariya, G. Kos, R. Mortazavi, E. D. Hudson, V. Kanthasamy, N. Eltouny, J. Sun, C. Wilde Bio-Organic Materials in the Atmosphere and Snow: Measurement and Characterization V. Faye McNeill, Neha Sareen, Allison N. Schwier Surface-Active Organics in Atmospheric Aerosols.

  19. History, Structure and Agency in Global Health Governance Comment on "Global Health Governance Challenges 2016 - Are We Ready?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Stephen; Benatar, Solomon R

    2016-08-29

    Ilona Kickbusch's thought provoking editorial is criticized in this commentary, partly because she fails to refer to previous critical work on the global conditions and policies that sustain inequality, poverty, poor health and damage to the biosphere and, as a result, she misreads global power and elides consideration of the fundamental historical structures of political and material power that shape agency in global health governance. We also doubt that global health can be improved through structures and processes of multilateralism that are premised on the continued reproduction of the ecologically myopic and socially unsustainable market civilization model of capitalist development that currently prevails in the world economy. This model drives net financial flows from poor to rich countries and from the poor to the affluent and super wealthy individuals. By contrast, we suggest that significant progress in global health requires a profound and socially just restructuring of global power, greater global solidarity and the "development of sustainability." © 2017 The Author(s); Published by Kerman University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

  20. Development of superconducting power devices in Europe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tixador, Pascal, E-mail: Pascal.Tixador@grenoble.cnrs.f [Grenoble INP/Institut Neel - G2Elab, CNRS Batiment E, BP 166, 25 Av. des Martyrs, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 09 (France)

    2010-11-01

    Europe celebrated last year (2008) the 100-year anniversary of the first liquefaction of helium by H. Kammerling Onnes in Leiden. It led to the discovery of superconductivity in 1911. Europe is still active in the development of superconducting (SC) devices. The discovery of high critical temperature materials in 1986, again in Europe, has opened a lot of opportunities for SC devices by broking the 4 K cryogenic bottleneck. Electric networks experience deep changes due to the emergence of dispersed generation (renewable among other) and to the advances in ICT (Information Communication Technologies). The networks of the future will be 'smart grids'. Superconductivity will offer 'smart' devices for these grids like FCL (Fault Current Limiter) or VLI (Very Low Inductance) cable and would certainly play an important part. Superconductivity also will participate to the required sustainable development by lowering the losses and enhancing the mass specific powers. Different SC projects in Europe will be presented (Cable, FCL, SMES, Flywheel and Electrical Machine) but the description is not exhaustive. Nexans has commercialized the first two FCLs without public funds in the European grid (UK and Germany). The Amsterdam HTS cable is an exciting challenge in term of losses for long SC cables. European companies (Nexans, Air Liquide, Siemens, Converteam, ...) are also very active for projects outside Europe (LIPA, DOE FCL, ...).

  1. Pokročilá čtečka QR kódu pro Android

    OpenAIRE

    Kubík, Martin

    2014-01-01

    V rámci diplomové práce byla vytvořena aplikace umožňující detekci a dekódování QR kódů pomocí zařízení s operačním systémem Android. Pro předzpracování obrazu ze zorného pole kamery je využito knihovny OpenCV. Navržený řetězec předzpracování vyhledává ve scéně možné QR kódy, které perspektivně transformuje. Tím je potlačeno případné tvarové zkreslení QR kódu, které by jinak bránilo úspěšnému dekódování. Zároveň je na detekovaný objekt aplikována metoda maskování neostrosti, která snižuje vli...

  2. Development of superconducting power devices in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tixador, Pascal

    2010-11-01

    Europe celebrated last year (2008) the 100-year anniversary of the first liquefaction of helium by H. Kammerling Onnes in Leiden. It led to the discovery of superconductivity in 1911. Europe is still active in the development of superconducting (SC) devices. The discovery of high critical temperature materials in 1986, again in Europe, has opened a lot of opportunities for SC devices by broking the 4 K cryogenic bottleneck. Electric networks experience deep changes due to the emergence of dispersed generation (renewable among other) and to the advances in ICT (Information Communication Technologies). The networks of the future will be "smart grids". Superconductivity will offer "smart" devices for these grids like FCL (Fault Current Limiter) or VLI (Very Low Inductance) cable and would certainly play an important part. Superconductivity also will participate to the required sustainable development by lowering the losses and enhancing the mass specific powers. Different SC projects in Europe will be presented (Cable, FCL, SMES, Flywheel and Electrical Machine) but the description is not exhaustive. Nexans has commercialized the first two FCLs without public funds in the European grid (UK and Germany). The Amsterdam HTS cable is an exciting challenge in term of losses for long SC cables. European companies (Nexans, Air Liquide, Siemens, Converteam, …) are also very active for projects outside Europe (LIPA, DOE FCL, …).

  3. Density functional theory calculations of point defects and hydrogen isotopes in Li4SiO4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaogang Xiang

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The Li4SiO4 is a promising breeder material for future fusion reactors. Radiation induced vacancies and hydrogen isotope related impurities are the major types of point defects in this breeder material. In present study, various kinds of vacancies and hydrogen isotopes related point defects in Li4SiO4 are investigated through density functional theory (DFT calculations. The band gap of Li4SiO4 is determined by UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy experiments. Formation energies of all possible charge states of Li, Si and O vacancies are calculated using DFT methods. Formation energies of possible charge states of hydrogen isotopes substitution for Li and O are also calculated. We found that Li-vacancies will dominate among all vacancies in neutral charge state under radiation conditions and the O, Li, and Si vacancies (VO,VLi,VSi are stable in charge states +2, -1, -4 for most of the range of Fermi level, respectively. The interstitial hydrogen isotopes (Hi and substitutional HLi are stable in the charge states +1, 0 for most of the range of Fermi level, respectively. Moreover, substitutional HO are stable in +1 charge states. We also investigated the process of tritium recovery by discussing the interaction between interstitial H and Li-vacancy, O-vacancy, and found that H O + and H Li 0 are the most common H related defects during radiation process.

  4. Differential effect of platelet-rich plasma fractions on β1-integrin signaling, collagen biosynthesis, and prolidase activity in human skin fibroblasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guszczyn T

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tomasz Guszczyn,1 Arkadiusz Surażyński,2 Ilona Zaręba,2 Edyta Rysiak,2 Janusz Popko,1 Jerzy Pałka2 1Department of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology, 2Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland Abstract: The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP, supernatant of PRP (SPRP obtained by centrifugation, and supernatant of activated PRP (SActi-PRP obtained by Ca2+ solution-treated PRP on collagen biosynthesis, prolidase activity, and β1-integrin signaling in cultured human skin fibroblasts. Incubation of fibroblasts with 5% PRP for 24 h contributed to ~5-fold increase in collagen biosynthesis compared to the control. In the cells treated with 5% of SPRP or SActi-PRP, collagen biosynthesis showed a 3-fold increase of the control. PRP, SPRP, and SActi-PRP stimulated prolidase activity similar to collagen biosynthesis. Collagen biosynthesis and prolidase activity are regulated by β1-integrin receptor signaling. Incubation of fibroblasts with PRP for 24 h contributed to a dose-dependent increase in the expression of β1-integrin receptor, while SActi-PRP increased the process to a much lower extent. SPRP had no effect on the β1-integrin receptor expression. All the studied fractions of blood increased the expression of FAK as well as the expression of phosphorylated MAP-kinases. However, PRP was found to be the most effective stimulator of expression of these particular kinases. These studies suggest that a complex of factors, including growth factors, adhesion molecules, and prolidase contained in PRP, all evoke growth and collagen-promoting activities in human dermal fibroblasts. Keywords: fibroblasts, FAK, MAPK

  5. CT and ultrasound normal findings after laparoscopic surgery of inguinal hernia; CT- und Ultraschallnormalbefunde nach laparoskopischer Leistenhernienoperation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hergan, K. [Zentrales Inst. fuer Radiologie, LKH Feldkirch (Austria); Scheyer, M. [Abt. fuer Chirurgie, LKH Feldkirch (Austria); Oser, W. [Zentrales Inst. fuer Radiologie, LKH Feldkirch (Austria); Zimmermann, G. [Abt. fuer Chirurgie, LKH Feldkirch (Austria)

    1995-01-01

    Common surgery has been revolutionised by minimal invasive surgery in a very short period of time. Laparoscopic operations of inguinal hernias are routinely done by many surgeons. For interpreting correctly postoperative complications with radiological techniques it is necessary to know the sonographical and CT changes of the normal postoperative situs. For evaluating these changes 23 patients without symptoms were examined between the first and third postoperative day. Typical sonographic findings are high echogenicity of the hernial orifice (17x) and echolucent thickening of the spermatic cord. The surgical clips and fleece and CO{sub 2} bubbles could not be detected by ultrasound. Using CT we found free peritoneal fluid collection (2x), streaky thickenings in the area of operation (20x), oedema at the hernial orifice (19x), residual CO{sub 2} bubbles (22x), thickening of the spermatic cord (22x) and visualisation of the surgical clips. The surgical fleece was invisible in all patients. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die minimal invasive Chirurgie hat in kurzer Zeit die Allgemeinchirurgie revolutioniert. Die laparoskopische Leistenhernienoperation gehoert bereits zur taeglichen Routine. Postoperative Komplikationen lassen sich mit bildgebenden Verfahren nur richtig interpretieren, wenn sonographische und computertomographische Veraenderungen des normalen postoperativen Situs bekannt sind. Zur Erfassung dieser Veraenderungen wurden 23 asymptomatische Patienten zwischen erstem und drittem postoperativen Tag mittels Sonographie und CT untersucht. Typische sonographische Befunde sind vermehrte Echogenitaet der Bruchpforte (17mal) und echoarme Verdickung des Funiculus spermaticus (21mal) bei fehlender Abgrenzung von Operationsklammern und -vlies sowie residualer CO{sub 2}-Blaeschen. Mittels CT fand man freie, peritoneale Fluessigkeit (2mal), Verdichtungen im Operationsbereich (20mal), Oedembildungen in der Bruchpforte (19mal), residuale CO{sub 2}-Blaeschen (22mal), hypodense

  6. Temporal and spatial dynamics of optical emission from laser ablation of the first wall materials of fusion device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dongye, ZHAO; Cong, LI; Yong, WANG; Zhiwei, WANG; Liang, GAO; Zhenhua, HU; Jing, WU; Guang-Nan, LUO; Hongbin, DING

    2018-01-01

    Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been developed to in situ diagnose the chemical compositions of the first wall in the EAST tokamak. However, the dynamics of optical emission of the key plasma-facing materials, such as tungsten, molybdenum and graphite have not been investigated in a laser produced plasma (LPP) under vacuum. In this work, the temporal and spatial dynamics of optical emission were investigated using the spectrometer with ICCD. Plasma was produced by an Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm) with pulse duration of 6 ns. The results showed that the typical lifetime of LPP is less than 1.4 μs, and the lifetime of ions is shorter than atoms at ∼10‑6 mbar. Temporal features of optical emission showed that the optimized delay times for collecting spectra are from 100 to 400 ns which depended on the corresponding species. For spatial distribution, the maximum LIBS spectral intensity in plasma plume is obtained in the region from 1.5 to 3.0 mm above the sample surface. Moreover, the plasma expansion velocity involving the different species in a multicomponent system was measured for obtaining the proper timing (gate delay time and gate width) of the maximum emission intensity and for understanding the plasma expansion mechanism. The order of expansion velocities for various species is {V}{{{C}}+}> {V}{{H}}> {V}{{{Si}}+}> {V}{{Li}}> {V}{{Mo}}> {V}{{W}}. These results could be attributed to the plasma sheath acceleration and mass effect. In addition, an optimum signal-to-background ratio was investigated by varying both delay time and detecting position.

  7. Effectiveness and safety of tapentadol prolonged release with tapentadol immediate release on-demand for the management of severe, chronic osteoarthritis-related knee pain: results of an open-label, phase 3b study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steigerwald I

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Ilona Steigerwald,1 Matthias Müller,1 Jolanta Kujawa,2 Jean-Charles Balblanc,3 Jaime Calvo-Alén,41Medical Affairs Europe & Australia, Grünenthal GmbH, Aachen, Germany; 2Medical University of Lodz, Medical Rehabilitation Clinic, Lodz, Poland; 3Department of Rheumatology, General Hospital of Belfort, Belfort, France; 4Hospital Universitario Sierrallana and IFIMAV Research Institute, Universidad de Cantabria, Cantabria, SpainAbstract: This open-label, phase 3b study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00983073 evaluated the effectiveness, and tolerability of tapentadol for severe, chronic osteoarthritis knee pain that was inadequately managed with World Health Organization (WHO Step I or II analgesics or co-analgesics, or that was not treated with regular analgesics. Prior to starting study treatment, patients discontinued any WHO Step II analgesics, while Step I analgesics and/or co-analgesics were continued at the same dose. Patients received tapentadol prolonged release (50–250 mg bid during a 5-week titration period and a 7-week maintenance period. Doses of tapentadol immediate release 50 mg (≤twice/day; ≥4 hours apart were permitted throughout the study (total daily dose of tapentadol prolonged and immediate release, ≤250 mg bid. The primary endpoint was the change in pain intensity on an 11-point numerical rating scale-3 (NRS-3; recalled average pain intensity [11-point NRS] during the last 3 days from baseline to Week 6, using the last observation carried forward (LOCF to impute missing pain intensity scores. The mean (standard deviation change from baseline to Week 6 (LOCF in pain intensity was -3.4 (2.10; P < 0.0001 for all patients evaluated for effectiveness (n = 195. Significant decreases in pain intensity were also observed at Weeks 6, 8, and 12 (all P < 0.0001 using observed-case analysis. Corresponding significant improvements from baseline to Weeks 6 and 12 were observed in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities

  8. Utility of adjunctive macrolide therapy in treatment of children with asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikailov A

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Anar Mikailov,1 Ilona Kane,2 Stephen C Aronoff,3 Raemma Luck,3,† Michael T DelVecchio31Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, 2St Christopher's Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, PA, 3Department of Pediatrics, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA†Raemma Luck is now deceasedBackground: The purpose of this study was to investigate macrolides as an adjunct to an asthma controller regimen in children with asthma.Methods: Prospective clinical trials of macrolide therapy in children with asthma using outcome measures of change in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 and/or oral corticosteroid requirement were searched for in PubMed up to December 2009. The reference lists of studies were also included in the analysis, as well as those listed in published meta-analyses.Results: The literature search yielded 116 studies, six of which were included in this meta-analysis. The change in FEV1 from baseline with adjunctive use of macrolide therapy in all children was not significant (0.25% predicted; 95% confidence interval [CI] −0.37, 0.86 predicted, P = 0.43; however, the change in FEV1 among children receiving daily oral corticosteroids was significant (3.89% predicted; 95% CI −0.01, 7.79, P = 0.05. Addition of macrolide therapy to the treatment of children with oral corticosteroid-dependent asthma resulted in a statistically significant decrease in daily corticosteroid dosage (−3.45 mg/day; 95% CI −5.79, −1.09 mg/day, P = 0.004. This reduction in daily corticosteroid dosage was directly proportional to the duration of macrolide therapy (−0.17 mg methylprednisolone per week of macrolide therapy; 95% CI −0.33, −0.021, P = 0.025.Conclusion: Addition of macrolides to the treatment regimen of children with oral corticosteroid-dependent asthma improves FEV1 and decreases the daily dosage of corticosteroids required for control in these children. The degree of dose reduction is directly related to

  9. Revisão de Elbella Evans e gêneros afins (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Pyrrhopyginae Revision of Elbella Evans and related genera (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Pyrrhopyginae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olaf H. H Mielke

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available A systematic study of the genera Microceris Watson, 1893, Elbella Evans, 1951, Parelbella. gen.n. (type species: Hesperia polyzona [Latreille, 1824], Pseudocroniades. gen.n. (type species: Ericides (sic machaon Westwood, [1852] and Protelbella, gen.n. (type species: Pyrrhopyga (sic alburna Mabille, 1891, a natural group of the Pyrrhopyginae, here called "Elbella Complex", is presented. The following are spp.n. and sspp.n.: Elbella intersecta paraensis, Brazil: Pará; Elbella intersecta rufitegula, Brazil: Pernambuco, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro State; Elbella viriditas boliviana, Bolivia: La Paz; Elbella lampra albociliata, Brazil: São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina: Elbella azeta giffordi, Brazil: Distrito Federal and São Paulo; Elbella patrobas mexicana, Mexico: Chiapas and Quintana Roo; Elbella patrobas evansi, Colombia: Cauca, Caldas and Boyaca; Elbella patrobas tingo, Brazil: Rondonia and Peru: Huanuco and Madre de Dios; Elbella patrobas amazonica, Brazil: Amazonas; Parelbella peruana, Peru: Junin; Pseudocroniades machaon seabrai, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro State; Protelbella alburna brasiliensis, Brazil: Amazonas, Rondonia and Mato Grosso, and French Guiana: Montagne aux Cheveaux. The following genus is a syn.n.: Hegesippe Evans, 1951 of Elbella Evans, 1951. The following species and subspecies are syn.n.: Pyrrhopyga (sic semidentata Mabille, 1877 and Elbella intersecta ilona Evans, 1951 of Elbella intersecta intersecta (Herrich-Schäffer, 1869: Pyrrhopyge carriae Bell, 1931 of Elbella viriditas viriditas (Skinner, 1920; Pyrrhopyga (sic menecrates Mabille, 1878 and Pyrrhopyge margimmiscus Hayward, 1935 of Elbella lampra lampra (Hopffer, 1874; Elbella etna moda Evans, 1951 of Elbella etna Evans, 1951; Jemadia umbrata Mabille & Boullet, 1908 of Elbella patroclus patroclus (Plötz, 1879; Pyrrhopyga (sic jamina Butler, 1870 and Pyrrhopyga (sic zimra Hewitson, 1871 of Parelbella ahira ahira (Hewitson, 1857; Elbella

  10. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1993-07-01

    Press, 1990. xviii + 598 pp. -Andrés Serbin, Ivelaw L. Griffith, Strategy and security in the Caribbean. New York : Praeger, 1991. xv + 208 pp. -W.E. Renkema, M.J. van den Blink, Olie op de golven: de betrekkingen tussen Nederland/Curacao en Venezuela gedurende de eerste helft van de twintigste eeuw. Amsterdam: De Bataafsche Leeuw, 1989. 119 pp. -Horatio Williams, Obika Gray, Radicalism and social change in Jamaica, 1960-1972. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1991. xiv + 289 pp. -Daniel A. Segal, Brackette F. Williams, Stains on my name, war in my veins: Guyana and the politics of cultural struggle. Durham: Duke University Press, 1991. xix + 322 pp. -A. Lynn Bolles, Olive Senior, Working miracles: Women's lives in the English-speaking Caribbean. Bloomington: Indiana University Press (and Bridgetown, Barbados: ISER,1991. xiii + 210 pp. -Teresita Martínez Vergne, Margarita Ostolaza Bey, Política sexual en Puerto Rico. Río Piedras PR: Ediciones Huracán, 1989. 203 pp. -David J. Dodd, Dora Nevares ,Delinquency in Puerto Rico: The 1970 birth cohort study. With the collaboration of Steven Aurand. Westport CT: Greenwood, 1990. x + 232 pp., Marvin E. Wolfgang, Paul E. Tracy (eds -Karen E. Richman, Paul Farmer, AIDS and accusation: Haiti and the geography of blame. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992. xiv + 338 pp. -Alex Stepick, Robert Lawless, Haiti: A research handbook. (With contributions by Ilona Maria Lawless, Paul F. Monaghan, Florence Etienne Sergile & Charles A. Woods. New York: Garland, 1990. ix + 354 pp. -Lucien Taylor, Richard Price ,Equatoria. With sketches by Sally Price. New York & London: Routledge, 1992. 295 pp., Sally Price (eds -Edward L. Cox, Kai Schoenhals, Grenada. World bibliographical series volume 119. Oxford: Clio Press, 1990. xxxviii + 181 pp. -Henry Wells, Kai Schoenhals, Dominican Republic. World bibliographical series volume 111. Oxford: Clio Press, 1990. xxx + 211 pp. -Stuart H. Surlin, John A. Lent, Mass communications in