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  1. Roland Barthes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam Christensen, Hans

    2010-01-01

    Introduktion til Roland Barthes' forfatterskab med særlig fokus på hans betydning for semiotisk billedteori og billedindeksering......Introduktion til Roland Barthes' forfatterskab med særlig fokus på hans betydning for semiotisk billedteori og billedindeksering...

  2. Roland Barthes og teatralitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thobo-Carlsen, John

    2007-01-01

      Roland Barthes' interesse for teatret var ikke specielt knyttet til teaterstykket som sådan, det litterære værk, dramaet i klassisk genremæssig forstand, men mere generelt til teatraliteten. Det kan vi tydeligere se nu med udgivelsen af hans Ecrits sur le théâtre (Skrifter om teatret, 2002). Det...... skulle samtidig vise sig at være det, der bandt hans livsværk sammen, som det fremgår af hans tilbageblik i 1975:"I skæringspunktet for hele værket, måske Teatret". Det er med udsigten til nu at kunne få belyst teaterteksternes bidrag til den indre konsistens i Roland Barthes' forfatterskab, at denne...

  3. Le corps de Roland Barthes

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    Mirosław Loba

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the relationship between body and linguistic and literary signs in the work of Roland Barthes. The main problem is Roland Barthes thinking on semiotic representation of the body as an ambivalent process of selfconstruction and alienation

  4. Roland Peets : "Tehnika ei saa ilma inimeseta piiri valvamisega hakkama" / Roland Peets ; interv. Erik Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peets, Roland, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 18. nov. lk. 5. Eesti piirivalveameti peadirektor Roland Peets Schengeni viisaruumiga liitumisest, probleemidest piirivalves. Lisa: Roland Peetsi CV. Arvamust avaldab piirivalveameti staabiülem Riho Breivel

  5. Roland Barthes and the family album

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    Priscila Pesce Lopes Oliveira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This communication examines photographs at the beginning of the book Roland Barthes by Roland Barthes, which work as a family album of sorts, and the photo of the Mother absent from Camera Lucida, and which is declaredly the book’s source. It scrutinises the conections between image and text in the Roland Barthes by Roland Barthes photo album: the subtitles that reveal, conceal, flatten, nudge the photographs into narrative; adherence, refusal and subversion of autobiographical topoi by the album; proposition of different imagetic modes that operate in that book as well as in Camera Lucida.

  6. Roland Barthes: semiologia e cultura

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    Roberto Ramos

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Dono de um belo texto, lapidado pela marca digital de sua singularidade, Roland Barthes é uma personalidade teórica paradigmática. Concedeu um estatuto à Semiologia, arranjando-lhe um objeto particular de pesquisa. Sintonizou-a com a influência crescente da Mídia, ocorrida, sobretudo, na segunda metade do século XX. A Semiologia de Barthes é povoada por traços particulares. Não se empareda no escaninho lingüístico. Reivindica outros contornos. Persegue o translingúístico. Nessa paisagem, o papel da Mídia doa-se como objeto de suas pesquisas semiológicas. No diagrama de suas limitações, o presente ensaio se agenciará nas relações entre a Semiologia barthesiana e a Mídia. Refletirá sobre algumas categorias básicas que as simbiotizam.

  7. Obituary: Roland Svensson, 1950-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Björnsson, Claes-Ingvar

    2003-12-01

    Roland Svensson was found dead on 8 April 2003. He succumbed to the complications arising from diabetes. His contribution to the understanding of the basic properties of relativistic plasmas remains a cornerstone when studying radiation processes in many astrophysical contexts. Roland was born on 6 May 1950 in Karlshamn, Sweden. At a young age he moved with his family to Skåne, the southernmost part of Sweden. This is where he received his early education including a BS in Physics at the University of Lund in 1973. For the rest of his life, this region was home for Roland. His mother and father are Linnea Martinsson (d. 1984) and Sune Svensson. The two younger brothers are Lennart and Peter. Lennart works as a machine engineer in Sweden while Peter has settled in California as a biology professor. Roland started graduate studies in theoretical physics in Lund before receiving a Fulbright Scholarship in 1976. He then moved to the University of California in Santa Cruz and enrolled in the astronomy and astrophysics graduate program. Although his interest in astronomy had been raised during the time in Lund, it was the stimulating environment in Santa Cruz that convinced Roland to concentrate on research in astronomy. With Roland's attitude of never accepting anything unless he understood its roots, his extended background in physics served him well throughout his astronomy career; in particular, it influenced his choice of a thesis topic. At the time, the importance of relativistic temperatures attained by accreting matter in the immediate vicinity of neutron stars and black holes was becoming clear. Roland set out to make a detailed description of the physical effects electron-positron pair production and annihilation would have on such plasmas. In 1981 Roland defended his thesis titled ``Physical Properties in Relativistic Plasmas" and completed his PhD under the supervision of Bill Mathews. Roland extended the results of his thesis during two post-docs, first at

  8. Academic Performance in Children with Rolandic Epilepsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccinelli, P.; Borgatti, R.; Aldini, A.; Bindelli, D.; Ferri, M.; Perna, S.; Pitillo, G.; Termine, C.; Zambonin, F.; Balottin, U.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of reading, writing, and calculation disabilities in children with typical rolandic epilepsy (RE) and healthy control children. We also aimed to define the possible electroclinical markers of specific cognitive dysfunctions in RE. School abilities were evaluated and compared in 20 children…

  9. ANALISIS SEMIOTIKA ROLAND BARTHES TENTANG FENOMENA JILBOOBS

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    Hamidah Hamidah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Hijab/jilbab is a cloth to cover all of women’s body except face and two palms. Now, there is one controversial Hijab trend, which is Jilboobs phenomenon. Basically, jilboobs means have deviation meaning from the nature of veil. Jilboobs is a critic to Muslim women who wear hijab, but they still wear tight dress or blouse. It causes their indentation body looked very clear, especially in her chest. Then, the jilboobs phenomenon is a sign in fashion culture which very interference how Muslim teenagers to dress up now. The function of jibab is not to cover women genitals anymore, but it becomes a mode that break out the religion rules. The jilboobs phenomenon is a negative connotation from the real jilbab function. The writers used Semiotics theory from Roland Barthes to discuss this jilboobs phenomenon. It tried to reveal about abusing the real jilbab function as covering Muslim women’s genitals and a religion symbol.

  10. Roland Barthes, le zone grige e l'utopia - Roland Barthes, grey areas and utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Nutini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo fa riferimento a un preciso gruppo di testi (Il grado zero della scrittura, Miti d’oggi, Critica e verità, Lezione, Il brusio della lingua, Barthes di Roland Barthes, traendo spunto dall’interesse che Barthes vi dimostra nei confronti di specifici cortocircuiti del discorso e del pensiero, qui definiti zone grige, per poi proiettarlo entro la sua riflessione sull’utopia e sulla letteratura. In un primo momento l’articolo insiste sulla correlazione profonda tra la critica dell’ideologia e la semiologia barthesiane allo scopo di isolare due importanti nuclei tematici: il rapporto tra potere e linguaggio e la questione dell’ambiguità della scrittura. Successivamente, il discorso viene contestualizzato entro l’indagine barthesiana sul rapporto tra utopia e letteratura, individuandone alcune forme e figure specifiche, e sul problema della referenzialità.   The essay is based on a specific group of books (Writing Degree Zero, Mythologies, Criticism and Truth, Inaugural Lection, Collège de France, The Rustle of Language, Roland Barthes by Roland Barthes and draws inspiration from the strong interest that Barthes dedicates to some particular phenomena, here defined as grey areas, which are equal to a sort of ʽshort-cutʼ in verbal expression and in the articulation of thoughts; then relates it to his reflection on literature and utopia. At first, the essay emphasizes the connection between Barthes’ semiotics and critique of ideology, in order to identify two important topics: the relation between power and language and writing’s resolute ambiguity. Subsequently, these themes are related to Barthes’ reflection on the connection between literature and utopia, identifying some of its forms and figures, and on the problem of literature and referentiality.

  11. Spectrum of Idiopathic Rolandic Epilepsy Syndromes and Behavioral Correlates

    OpenAIRE

    J Gordon Millichap

    2007-01-01

    The natural history of benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BCECTS), BCECTS Plus syndromes, Rolandic epilepsy-related syndromes, and idiopathic benign childhood epilepsy with occipital spikes (Panayiotopoulos syndrome) is reviewed by researchers at Maggiore Hospital, Bologna, Italy.

  12. The Roland De Witte 1991 Experiment (to the Memory of Roland De Witte

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    Cahill R. T.

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available In 1991 Roland De Witte carried out an experiment in Brussels in which variations in the one-way speed of RF waves through a coaxial cable were recorded over 178 days. The data from this experiment shows that De Witte had detected absolute motion of the earth through space, as had six earlier experiments, beginning with the Michelson- Morley experiment of 1887. His results are in excellent agreement with the extensive data from the Miller 1925/26 detection of absolute motion using a gas-mode Michelson interferometer atop Mt. Wilson, California. The De Witte data reveals turbulence in the flow which amounted to the detection of gravitational waves. Similar effects were also seen by Miller, and by Torr and Kolen in their coaxial cable experiment. Here we bring together what is known about the De Witte experiment.

  13. The Roland De Witte 1991 Experiment (to the Memory of Roland De Witte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cahill R. T.

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available In 1991 Roland De Witte carried out an experiment in Brussels in which variations in the one-way speed of RF waves through a coaxial cable were recorded over 178 days. The data from this experiment shows that De Witte had detected absolute motion of the earth through space, as had six earlier experiments, beginning with the Michelson-Morley experiment of 1887. His results are in excellent agreement with the extensive data from the Miller 1925/26 detection of absolute motion using a gas-mode Michelson interferometer atop Mt. Wilson, California. The De Witte data reveals turbulence in the flow which amounted to the detection of gravitational waves. Similar effects were also seen by Miller, and by Torr and Kolen in their coaxial cable experiment. Here we bring together what is known about the De Witte experiment.

  14. Mutations in GRIN2A cause idiopathic focal epilepsy with rolandic spikes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lemke, Johannes R; Lal, Dennis; Reinthaler, Eva M

    2013-01-01

    Idiopathic focal epilepsy (IFE) with rolandic spikes is the most common childhood epilepsy, comprising a phenotypic spectrum from rolandic epilepsy (also benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes, BECTS) to atypical benign partial epilepsy (ABPE), Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) and epileptic...

  15. Managing missing scores on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kent, Peter; Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    2011-01-01

    Study Design: Analysis of Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and Oswestry Disability Index (Oswestry) responses.Objectives: To determine the prevalence of unanswered questions on the RMDQ23 (23-item RMDQ version) and Oswestry questionnaires. To determine if managing RMDQ23 missing data...

  16. Roland Barthes and Decomposing/Deterritorializing the Writing Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Joan L.

    Roland Barthes points out in his pedagogical essays that, although students have been filled with horror stories of professorial expectations, at the same time they have expectations of their own. Barthes' points should be considered as a way of examining the classroom space and common writing teaching practices and opening them up to different…

  17. Effect of Rolandic Spikes on ADHD Impulsive Behavior

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    J Gordon Millichap

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The association of Rolandic spikes with the neuropsychological profile of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD was studied in a total of 48 patients at JW Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main; and Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany.

  18. Translation, adaptation and validation of the Roland-Morris questionnaire - Brazil Roland-Morris

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    Nusbaum L.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to translate the Roland-Morris (RM questionnaire into Brazilian-Portuguese and adapt and validate it. First 3 English teachers independently translated the original questionnaire into Brazilian-Portuguese and a consensus version was generated. Later, 3 other translators, blind to the original questionnaire, performed a back translation. This version was then compared with the original English questionnaire. Discrepancies were discussed and solved by a panel of 3 rheumatologists and the final Brazilian version was established (Brazil-RM. This version was then pretested on 30 chronic low back pain patients consecutively selected from the spine disorders outpatient clinic. In addition to the traditional clinical outcome measures, the Brazil-RM, a 6-point pain scale (from no pain to unbearable pain, and its numerical pain rating scale (PS (0 to 5 and a visual analog scale (VAS (0 to 10 were administered twice by one interviewer (1 week apart and once by one independent interviewer. Spearman's correlation coefficient (SCC and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC were computed to assess test-retest and interobserver reliability. Cross-sectional construct validity was evaluated using the SCC. In the pretesting session, all questions were well understood by the patients. The mean time of questionnaire administration was 4 min and 53 s. The SCC and ICC were 0.88 (P<0.01 and 0.94, respectively, for the test-retest reliability and 0.86 (P<0.01 and 0.95, respectively, for interobserver reliability. The correlation coefficient was 0.80 (P<0.01 between the PS and Brazil-RM score and 0.79 (P<0.01 between the VAS and Brazil-RM score. We conclude that the Brazil-RM was successfully translated and adapted for application to Brazilian patients, with satisfactory reliability and cross-sectional construct validity.

  19. Managing missing scores on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    MANAGING MISSING SCORES ON THE ROLAND MORRIS DISABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE Peter Kenta and Henrik Hein Lauridsenb aBack Research Centre and bInstitute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark Background There is no standard method to calculate Roland Morris Disability......, such as the Oswestry Disability Index (Oswestry) convert their raw score into a standardized score out of 100. An advantage of this method is that it allows missing data to be accommodated by proportional recalculation. For example, if 17 questions had been answered ’yes’ on a RMDQ questionnaire containing 23 yes...... of the measurement error introduced when using this method would allow determination of whether it is a valid strategy. The aim of this study was to quantify the measurement error in RMDQ (standardized) scores when one or more questions were unanswered and to compare this with the measurement error present when...

  20. Dilemmas in diagnostics and therapy of rolandic epilepsy

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    Škrijelj Fadil

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. It is considered that around 20%-30% of patients of all ages and in all continents have wrong epilepsy diagnoses. Diagnostic and consequential therapeutic errors appear, most often, when an adequate diagnostics is not applied. Benign focal epilepsy of childhoods with centrotemporal spikes-rolandic epilepsy, brings very often to diagnostic and therapeutic problems because of persistence of epilepticforms changes in an electroencephalography (EEG recording, several years after establishment of good control over seizures. Case report. We presented 8.5 years-old girl, with the first and the only epileptic seizure at the age of 5, during her sleep. With a clear correlation of EEG record, benign rolandic epilepsy was diagnosed, so the therapy with valproate was introduced. There were no seizures after three years of its implementation. Because of epileptic-forms changes that still persisted in EEG record during her sleep, it was suggested to further use valproate. However, after reconsidering all circumstances it was concluded that the AED should bee slowly reduced up to its exclusion. After a complete stoppage of the therapy, the patient did not have any epileptic seizure for nine months, although EEG still remained pathologically changed during her sleep. Conclusion. A changed EEG record in a patient with rolandic epilepsy must not be a predictor of continuation of antiepileptic drugs therapy, after 2-3 years of successful seizures remission.

  1. Managing missing scores on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    Background and purpose: It is likely that the most common method for calculating a Roland Morris Disability Index (RMDQ) sum score is to simply ignore any unanswered questions. In contrast, the raw sum score on the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) is converted to a 0-100 scale, with the advantage...... of allowing missing data to be accommodated by proportional recalculation. The aim of this study was to quantify the calculation error in RMDQ scores when one or more questions were unanswered and compare this with the error present when the ODI was scored in the same way. Methods and results: The prevalence...

  2. ROLANDIC EPILEPSY OF CHILDHOOD: CORRECTION OF COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTIONS

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    S.V. Balkanskaya

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is dedicated to the problem of cognitive dysfunctions in pediatric patients with rolandic epilepsy (benign partial epilepsy of childhood. Russian nootropic drug pantoham (hopantenic acid was used for correction of cognitive deficit. Quantitative data obtained via psihomat testing computer system were utilised for verification of principle cognitive functions before and after treatment with hopantenic acid in school age patients undergoing basic antiepileptic therapy. Positive effect of the drug on studied cognitive functions' indices was demonstrated.Key words: children, epilepsy, cognitive functions, hopantenic acid.

  3. Roland Barthes: semiologia, mídia e fait divers

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Roberto; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul

    2008-01-01

    A Semiologia, segundo Roland Barthes, é povoada por traços particulares. Não se empareda no escaninho lingüístico. Reivindica outros contornos. Persegue o translingüístico. Nessa paisagem, o papel da Mídia doa-se como objeto de suas pesquisas semiológicas. No diagrama de suas limitações, o presente ensaio se agenciará nas relações entre a Semiologia barthesiana e a Mídia. Refletirá sobre algumas categorias básicas, que as simbiotizam.

  4. Roland Barthes, da História ao Haicai

    OpenAIRE

    Marcio Renato Pinheiro da Silva

    2015-01-01

    A Preparação do Romance, último curso de Roland Barthes ministrado no Collège de France, promove, em sua primeira parte, um singular apropriação do haicai oriental como forma modelar a partir da qual o ensaísta pretende estruturar sua escrita por vir. Este artigo parte da hipótese segundo a qual, neste processo, Barthes revê as relações entre escrita, história e subjetividade, extremamente recorrentes à sua trajetória intelectual, por um viés bastante distinto de seus primeiros escritos, nos ...

  5. Recent trends in operator theory and partial differential equations the Roland Duduchava anniversary volume

    CERN Document Server

    Natroshvili, David; Shargorodsky, Eugene; Wendland, Wolfgang

    2017-01-01

    This volume is dedicated to the eminent Georgian mathematician Roland Duduchava on the occasion of his 70th birthday. It presents recent results on Toeplitz, Wiener-Hopf, and pseudodifferential operators, boundary value problems, operator theory, approximation theory, and reflects the broad spectrum of Roland Duduchava's research. The book is addressed to a wide audience of pure and applied mathematicians.

  6. Roland Barthes y el Análisis del Discurso

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    LUIS ENRIQUE ALONSO

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende hacer una reflexión sobre la posibilidad de un análisis del discurso sociológico basado en los estudios semiológicos del pensador estructuralista francés Roland Barthes. Se plantearán así en profundidad las principaleslíneas teóricas de su famoso análisis estructural del relato, así como la apertura de la semiología a lo social en su trabajo en Mitologías. Finalmente, se esbozará una crítica metodológica a las limitaciones de este análisis estructuralista, desde una perspectiva en la que se dé prioridad al estudio de los actores sociales y a los contextos concretos.

  7. Roland Barthes na revista Língua e Literatura (USP

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    Laura Taddei Brandini

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to describe and analyze the reception to the works of Roland Barthes in São Paulo’s academic criticism. To achieve this goal, we study articles published in University of São Paulo’s magazine Língua e Literatura, established in 1972 and still in circulation. The selection of Barthes’ concepts in articles from the magazine highlights the dynamics that governs the perception of the image of the French writer in every Brazilian historical moment: from leader of structuralism, in the 70s, to the post-modern libertarian in the 2000s, we can not only see a difference in the appreciation of his writings, but also a change of the profile of academic critics.

  8. Memory and phonological awareness in children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy compared to a matched control group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northcott, Ellen; Connolly, Anne M; Berroya, Anna; McIntyre, Jenny; Christie, Jane; Taylor, Alan; Bleasel, Andrew F; Lawson, John A; Bye, Ann M E

    2007-06-01

    In a previous study we demonstrated children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy have normal intelligence and language ability. However, difficulties in verbal and visual memory and aspects of phonological awareness were found compared to normative data. To address the methodological limitations related to the use of normative data, we compared the same cohort of children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy to a matched control group. Controls (n=40) matched on age and gender to the Benign Rolandic Epilepsy cohort underwent neuropsychological assessment. The life functioning of the control group was assessed using a modified version of the Quality of Life in Childhood Epilepsy Questionnaire (QOLCE). The study confirmed the previous findings of memory and phonological awareness difficulties. In addition, the children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy had significantly lower IQ scores than the matched control group. Paired sample t-tests showed that on 8 of 11 QOLCE scales, children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy were rated by parents as having poorer life functioning compared to matched controls, including lower parental ratings on the subscales of memory and language. Benign Rolandic Epilepsy has an excellent seizure prognosis, but this study further emphasizes potential cognitive difficulties. Using an age and gender matched control group, the previous findings of memory and phonological awareness difficulties were validated. These problems in cognition were also identified by parents of children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy as problematic and impacting upon the child's quality of life.

  9. Cortical stimulation mapping of phantom limb rolandic cortex. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojemann, J G; Silbergeld, D L

    1995-04-01

    Findings of intraoperative rolandic cortex mapping during awake craniotomy for a tumor in a patient with a contralateral upper-extremity amputation are presented. This patient sustained a traumatic amputation at the mid-humerus 24 years previously. Initially he had experienced rare painless phantom limb sensations but none in the past 10 years. Functional mapping during an awake craniotomy was performed to maximize safe tumor resection. Typical temporal and frontal speech areas were identified; motor representation of face and jaw extended more superiorly than sensory representation. Shoulder movements were evoked more laterally than usual at the superior aspect of the craniotomy. A small region of precentral gyrus, between the jaw and shoulder representations, elicited no detectable effect when stimulated. Somatosensory mapping showed a similar topographical distribution of face and mouth cortex; however, posterior and inferior to the shoulder motor cortex, right arm and hand (phantom) sensations were evoked. Evidence suggests that significant motor reorganization occurs following an amputation, with expansion of neighboring homuncular representations without loss of somatosensory representation, despite a long period of time without any sensation referable to the amputated limb. Contrary to models of sensory cortex plasticity, the plasticity of the adult cortex may be system specific, with reorganization present in motor, but not in sensory, cortical systems.

  10. Development of cognitive functions in children with rolandic epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindgren, Sa; Kihlgren, Margareta; Melin, Lennart; Croona, Cecilia; Lundberg, Staffan; Eeg-Olofsson, Orvar

    2004-12-01

    An initial investigation of cognitive functions in 32 children, aged 7 to 15 years, with rolandic epilepsy (RE), using an extensive test battery, was followed 2.5 to 3 years later by a second assessment of 26 of these children, using the same technique. The initial investigation reported cognitive deficits in memory and learning of auditory-verbal material together with executive functions compared with controls. At the second assessment, the ability for immediate memory, memory and learning of visuospatial as well as auditory-verbal material and delayed recall was the same in the RE group as in the control group. On one of the tests measuring executive functions, Verbal Fluency, the RE group scored significantly lower than controls. With respect to reading and writing ability, the children with RE had some difficulty with word comprehension. Nonverbal reasoning was the same in the two groups, as was general IQ. In conclusion, the children with RE did not present any major cognitive difficulties when a mean of approximately 5 years had passed since onset of the typical syndrome, and at a time when most of them were seizure-free. Maturational factors apparently are of importance to the course of RE.

  11. CERPEN FARUK “BUS KOTA” DALAM SEMIOTIK ROLAND BARTHES

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    Ken Widyatwati

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Literature called beautiful if it contains the mandate, message, ideas and meanings that are useful for the readers. Short story “Bus Kota” (City Bus containing the mandate, message, ideas and meanings that are useful to the reader. The mandate will be revealed by Roland Barthes' semiotic theory in the book S/Z. Literature has its own allure and text have accrued but not due to independence because of the difference in quality. Texts merge into a unity, or restore any text not as an individual but as a form of plurality. Literature as part of a social system is an expression of the author's sense of the outpouring of public life. Literary works can express themselves in the author's view the social and cultural changes in society because of the development of information technology and rapid. Technological developments and socio-cultural information can change in society so as to affect the psychology of the people. Society must have a thickness of faith not only for themselves, but to be able to maintain equanimity in the life of a pluralistic society

  12. Preoperative functional mapping for rolandic brain tumor surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, Vincenzo; Terranova, Carmen; Conti, Alfredo; Germanò, Antonino; Alafaci, Concetta; Raffa, Giovanni; Girlanda, Paolo; Tomasello, Francesco; Quartarone, Angelo

    2014-11-07

    The resection of tumors within or close to eloquent motor areas is usually guided by the compromise between the maximal allowed resection and preservation of neurological functions. Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is an emerging technology that can be used for preoperative mapping of the motor cortex. We performed pre-surgical mapping by using nTMS in 17 patients with lesions in or close to the precentral gyrus. The study was conducted on consecutive patients scheduled for surgical treatment. nTMS allowed to exactly localize the motor cortex in 88.2% of cases. In 70.6% it provided the surgeon with new unexpected information about functional anatomy of the motor area, influencing the pre-operative planning. Moreover, in 29.4% these functional information had a clear impact on surgery, making necessary a change of surgical strategy to avoid damage to the motor cortex. Our results prove that nTMS has a large benefit in the treatment of rolandic brain tumors. It adds important information about spatial relationship between functional motor cortex and the tumor and reduces surgical-related post-operative motor deficits. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Responsiveness of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire : consequences of using different external criteria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijer, W; Brouwer, S; Dijkstra, PU; Jorritsma, W; Groothoff, JW; Geertzen, JHB

    Objective: To determine the consequences of using different external criteria on responsiveness of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) in patients with chronic low back pain. Design: Questionnaire measures before and after rehabilitation treatment. Setting: Rehabilitation centre.

  14. Opercular to interhemispheric source distribution of benign rolandic spikes of childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishitobi, Mamiko; Nakasato, Nobukazu; Yamamoto, Katsuya; Iinuma, Kazuie

    2005-04-01

    We evaluated the source distribution of benign rolandic spikes of childhood along and across the central sulcus in 15 patients, aged between 7 and 15 years, who suffered from seizure disorders. Previous routine EEG showed centrotemporal spikes, but none of them had major abnormalities on brain magnetic resonance imaging or neurological deficits. The equivalent current dipoles (ECDs) of the spikes measured by whole-head magnetoencephalography (MEG) were compared to the spike distributions detected by simultaneous scalp EEG according to the international 10-20 system. Locations and orientations of the MEG spikes corresponded to the EEG spike distribution as follows: superiorly oriented spike MEG dipoles in the opercular area corresponded to T3/4 negative peaks (8 spike groups in 6 patients); anteriorly oriented spike dipoles in the rolandic area corresponded to C3/4 or P3/4 negative peaks (17 spike groups in 13 patients); laterally oriented spike dipoles in the interhemispheric area corresponded to Cz/Pz negative peaks (4 spike groups in 3 patients); and others (4 spike groups in 4 patients). Rolandic spikes include three main types according to the ECD location from the opercular to the interhemispheric areas. The functional anatomy of benign rolandic spikes was correlated with partial seizure semiology. All three rolandic spike types can be explained by a precentral origin, assuming that the surface negative potential is continuous from the gyral to fissural cortices.

  15. Clinical evaluation of language fundamentals in Rolandic epilepsy, an assessment with CELF-4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overvliet, Geke M; Besseling, René M H; van der Kruijs, Sylvie J M; Vles, Johan S H; Backes, Walter H; Hendriksen, Jos G; Ebus, Saskia C M; Jansen, Jacobus F A; Hofman, Paul A M; Aldenkamp, Albert P

    2013-07-01

    In clinical practice, Rolandic epilepsy is in many cases associated with developmental language impairment. However, from the literature it is unclear exactly which domains are affected; A wide variety of investigations are reported that each provide a different representation of language performance in these patients. The aim of this study is to compare performance on the language domains between children with Rolandic epilepsy and healthy controls. Prospective study of children with Rolandic epilepsy compared to healthy controls. 25 children (mean age 136.6 months, SD 23.0) with Rolandic epilepsy and 25 age-matched healthy controls were tested on their language function using the CELF-4 (Clinical evaluation of Language Fundamentals, Dutch edition). The healthy control were not matched regard to other important factors, particularly educational attainment and co-morbidity. Expressive language, receptive language, language content, language structure and language working memory were tested. In children with Rolandic epilepsy, the core language score was significant lower compared with healthy controls. They scored specifically lower on the receptive language index and language content index (both p = 0.002). A trend towards decreased expressive language index was observed (p = 0.054). Language structure and language working memory were in the normal range. Language was found to be impaired in children with typical Rolandic epilepsy. Especially semantic language processing including receptive language and language content was significantly impaired. The common denominator of these functions is semantic language processing. Copyright © 2013 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Storytelling Permutations in the Performance of Life Narrative Betty Roland's Caviar for Breakfast.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maureen Clark

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Throughout her life, Australian storyteller and playwright Betty Roland (1903-1996 was haunted by the lure of travel. Roland's extensive body of work reflects experiences in Joseph Stalin's Soviet Union in the 1930s, the UK in the 1950s and Greece in the 1960s and charts the evolution of a personal and political philosophy marked by world-wide social upheaval. Caviar for Breakfast (1979 revised 1989, the second volume of Roland's autobiographical trilogy, is the subject of this paper. When taken together, the three books provide a fascinating insight into the values and ideas of the mushrooming modern cultures in which Roland travelled, worked and lived. Caviar for Breakfast retraces Roland's adventures in Joseph Stalin's Soviet Union where she spent fifteen months during 1933-34 with her then lover, Guido Baracchi, a wealthy Marxist scholar. The narrative takes its life from the contents of a diary maintained by Roland during that time and her introductory remarks convey the notion that, what follows, is not a literary enterprise of the imagination. The author insists that Caviar for Breakfast is a first-hand account of past realities and not only does her diary hold the ordering of events together, but is the purveyor of truth. The truth status of the diary as a mode of representation is widely accepted in Western culture. This paper argues, however, that it is impossible for any transcription of a life to enjoy a one-to-one ratio with 'what actually happened' as it is for a ghost to re-enter a world which fully resembles the one it left. It is well within the capacity of any imaginative storyteller to construct a counterfeit, or simulated, sense of reality whether or not s/he works with the diary mode of representation.

  17. The correlation of small spikes in Rolandic area and epileptic seizures

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    KUANG Xiao-jun

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The correlation between small spikes in Rolandic area and epileptic seizures was investigated. In this thesis, small spikes in Rolandic area were found in 118 cases recorded by video electroencephalogram (VEEG monitoring. And the 118 patients were chose to be studied in our research. Among the 118 cases, 62 were male and 56 were female. The youngest was only 3-month-old, and the eldest was 4 years and 5 months old. Eighty-five cases were between 3 months and 2 years old which accounted for 72.03%. There were 101 patients (85.59% having seizures: 42 cases (35.59% of febrile convulsion, 35 (29.66% of benign infantile convulsions with mild gastroenteritis (BICG and 24 (20.34% of epilepsy; 17 cases (14.41% of non-epileptic seizures. Hence, there is high correlation between infantile small spikes in Rolandic area and epileptic seizures. But it does not indicate any specificity. Whether small spikes in Rolandic area can be used as certain evidence to diagnose epilepsy and locate the onset of lesions requires further study to confirm.

  18. Narva-Ivangorod : tshto, kak i kogda izmenitsja / Roland Peets, Aleksandr Saltõkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peets, Roland, 1957-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Krengolmskii Prospekt, 6. mai 2004, lk. 4, 14. Piiriületamise korda Euroopa Liidu-Venemaa ehk Narva-Ivangorodi piiril tutvustavad Kirde piirivalve regiooni ülem Roland Peets ja Kirde tolliinspektsiooni osakonna juhataja Aleksandr Saltõkov

  19. 16p11.2 600 kb Duplications confer risk for typical and atypical Rolandic epilepsy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinthaler, Eva M; Lal, Dennis; Lebon, Sebastien

    2014-01-01

    Rolandic epilepsy (RE) is the most common idiopathic focal childhood epilepsy. Its molecular basis is largely unknown and a complex genetic etiology is assumed in the majority of affected individuals. The present study tested whether six large recurrent copy number variants at 1q21, 15q11.2, 15q1...

  20. Pele nua, letra crua: as significações do corpo em Roland Barthes

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    Vanessa Zucchi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A obra de escritor Roland Barthes não se esgota em sua superfície. Barthes explorou diferentes áreas e transitou por inúmeras escolas teóricas. Essa pluralidade de experiências só poderia resultar em um corpus plural, um texto multifacetado e vertiginoso. Mas nessa tessitura impura, contaminada por tantos olhares, alguns elementos são recorrentes – e o corpo é definitivamente um deles. Embora não haja em seus escritos um conceito de corpo, encontramos vestígios que nos auxiliam no entendimento desse objeto. Nesse sentido, esse trabalho tem por objetivo pensar o corpo como metáfora na contemporaneidade, a partir das obras de Roland Barthes, tentando elucidar as significações que esse objeto veicula.

  1. Reduced structural connectivity between sensorimotor and language areas in rolandic epilepsy.

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    René M H Besseling

    Full Text Available Rolandic epilepsy (RE is a childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal (rolandic spikes, that is increasingly associated with language impairment. In this study, we tested for a white matter (connectivity correlate, employing diffusion weighted MRI and language testing.Twenty-three children with RE and 23 matched controls (age: 8-14 years underwent structural (T1-weighted and diffusion-weighted MRI (b = 1200 s/mm(2, 66 gradient directions at 3T, as well as neuropsychological language testing. Combining tractography and a cortical segmentation derived from the T1-scan, the rolandic tract were reconstructed (pre- and postcentral gyri, and tract fractional anisotropy (FA values were compared between patients and controls. Aberrant tracts were tested for correlations with language performance.Several reductions of tract FA were found in patients compared to controls, mostly in the left hemisphere; the most significant effects involved the left inferior frontal (p = 0.005 and supramarginal (p = 0.004 gyrus. In the patient group, lower tract FA values were correlated with lower language performance, among others for the connection between the left postcentral and inferior frontal gyrus (p = 0.043, R = 0.43.In RE, structural connectivity is reduced for several connections involving the rolandic regions, from which the epileptiform activity originates. Most of these aberrant tracts involve the left (typically language mediating hemisphere, notably the pars opercularis of the inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area and the supramarginal gyrus (Wernicke's area. For the former, reduced language performance for lower tract FA was found in the patients. These findings provide a first microstructural white matter correlate for language impairment in RE.

  2. REPRESENTASI ANTI DISKRIMINASI PADA FILM KARTUN 3D ZOOTOPIA (KAJIAN SEMIOTIKA ROLAND BARTHES

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    Ali Muqoddas

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Isu diskriminasi SARA seperti tiada habisnya terjadi di dunia ini, begitu juga di Indonesia. Hal ini mengakibatkan tema-tema tentang SARA menjadi sensitif ketika dibahas atau pun difilmkan. Hal ini mengakibatkan jarang ditemui film yang mengangkat tentang SARA. Lain halnya dengan Walt Disney. Walt Disney baru-baru ini merilis film kartun 3D yang mengangkat tema anti diskriminasi SARA yang berjudul Zootopia. Film ini menjadi menarik karena isu diskriminasi SARA yang diangkat dibalut dengan konsep yang kreatif hingga sensivitas isu SARA tersebut menjadi berkurang. Representasi anti diskriminasi SARA pada film Zootopia ini selanjutnya dikaji dengan metode semiotika Roland Barthes dengan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan dari analisis, dapat disimpulkan bahwa film Zootopia memuat pesan ideologi tentang anti diskriminasi SARA bahwa kedudukan manusia dimata manusia yang lain pada hakikatnya adalah sama. Setiap manusia berhak dan wajib memperlakukan dan diperlakukan secara bijak tanpa memperdulikan background asal manusia itu sendiri. Penghargaan pada setiap individu tidak didasarkan pada faktor keturunan, ras, suku ataupun agama, namun didasarkan pada prestasi dari individu itu sendiri. Kata Kunci: diskriminasi SARA, Zootopia, Roland Barthes Abstract The issue of racial discrimination as an endless happen in this world, so also in Indonesia. This resulted in the themes of SARA be sensitive when discussed or filmed. This resulted in a rare film that raised about SARA. Another case with Walt Disney. Walt Disney recently released 3D animated film that mengangat theme of anti-discrimination SARA entitled Zootopia. This film is interesting because racial discrimination issues raised wrapped with a creative concept to the sensitivity of the racial issues be reduced. SARA anti-discrimination representation on film Zootopia is further studied with Roland Barthes semiotic methods with qualitative descriptive approach. Based on the analysis, it can

  3. Como ler imagens? A lição de Roland Barthes

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    Rodrigo Fontanari

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to bring together the concept of myth as Roland Barthes has defined it in his work Mythologies; as well as the notion of studium established in another of his books, The camera lucida, since this Barthesian notion beckons with the possibility to be understood as a sort of rehandling of this concept of myth to the field of photography. We work with the hypothesis that these Barthes’s operators can still be useful in the analysis of images in the contemporary studies of visuality.

  4. GOLPES DE ESCRITA: TRAÇADOS DE ROLAND BARTHES E HENRI MICHAUX SOBRE O ORIENTE

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    Camila Bylaardt Volker

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo faz aproximações entre os trabalhos de Roland Barthes e Henri Michaux a partir da observação de como suas experiências com o Oriente afetaram suas percepções do trabalho com a escrita, respectivamente, em O império dos signos e Um bárbaro na Ásia. As observações dos autores sobre a sociedade oriental são acompanhadas de uma reflexão intensa sobre a cristalização da linguagem para configuração escrita da experiência vivida.

  5. Rasch analysis of the 23-item version of the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kent, Peter; Grotle, Margreth; Dunn, Kate M

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychometric properties of the 23-item version of the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ-23) and to quantify their stability across 2 cultures/languages and 2 types of care-settings. METHODS: Rasch analysis of data from 1,000 patients with low back pain from...... clinical characteristics (such as age, gender, pain intensity, pain duration and care setting), depending on the country. CONCLUSION: As similar results have been found for the RMDQ-24, we believe it is timely to reconsider whether: (i) the RMDQ should be reconstructed using an item-response theory......-based approach that includes consideration of new items and response options; or (ii) the use of alternative questionnaires should be recommended, such as the Oswestry Disability Index, that have shown evidence of fitting the Rasch model; or (iii) a completely new condition-specific questionnaire should...

  6. Studium and Punctum in Psychoanalytic Writing: Reading Case Studies Through Roland Barthes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amir, Dana

    2018-02-01

    This paper focuses on the link between Roland Barthes's reflection on photography and the essential characteristics of psychoanalytic case studies. The case study, like the photograph, seeks to take hold of something nearly intangible. It attempts to capture in time, space, and language something whose dynamic presence remains elusive. The attempt to capture this object often strips it of its essence. Case studies may be accurate on their face while giving us the unpleasant sense that they have "deadened" their object in the process. This paper attempts to clarify what is dropped from the picture that the psychoanalytic writing is trying to take. The relation between the "cultural context" (the Studium) and the freedom to puncture and undermine this context in psychoanalytic writing is discussed through a fresh reading of Georges Perec's "W, or the Memory of Childhood" and through clinical vignettes by Ronald Britton and Michael Eigen.

  7. Physique du deuil. Note sur la dernière vie de Roland Barthes

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    Maïté Snauwaert

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Les remarques sur la tenue de la maison et du corps dans le quotidien domestique, conçue comme une éthique de la fidélité à la mère récemment disparue, apparaissent dans l’écrit privé du Journal de deuil de Roland Barthes comme un écho des observations faites dans le cours sur La préparation du roman. Participant d’une physique du vivre et de l’habiter qui met l’accent sur l’entretien quotidien du lieu, le silence et la difficulté de tout voyage, les « notations » du journal rendent compte de la condensation dans le corps de l’épreuve du deuil, et de la prise de conscience d’un dernier âge de la vie.In the personal writings of Journal de deuil, Roland Barthes’ remarks regarding the maintenance of the home and body are conceived of as an ethic of faithfulness to his recently deceased mother. They are considered in this article as an echo to the observations he makes during his lectures in the course La préparation du roman. Both emphasize the physicality of everyday life and the role played by one’s relationship to the home. By stressing the necessity of silence and the difficulties of leaving “the apartment”, the brief “notations” in the diary translate the physical concentration of the mourning experience, as well as the emergent understanding of a final stage of life.

  8. Reliability, validity, sensitivity and specificity of Guajarati version of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nambi, S Gopal

    2013-01-01

    The most common instruments developed to assess the functional status of patients with Non specific low back pain is the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). Clinical and epidemiological research related to low back pain in the Gujarati population would be facilitated by the availability of well-established outcome measures. To find the reliability, validity, sensitivity and specificity of the Gujarati version of the RMDQ for use in Non Specific Chronic low back pain. A reliability, validity, sensitivity and specificity study of Gujarati version of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ). Thirty out patients with Non Specific Chronic low back pain were assessed by the RMDQ. Reliability is assessed by using internal consistency and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Internal construct validity is assessed by RASCH Analysis and external construct validity is assessed by association with pain and spinal movement. Clinical calculator was used to determine the sensitivity and specificity. Internal consistency of the RMDQ is found to be adequate (> 0.65) at both times, with high ICC's also at both time points. Internal construct validity of the scale is good, indicating a single underlying construct. Expected associations with pain and spinal movement confirm external construct validity. The Sensitivity and Specificity at cut off point of 0.5 was 80% and 84% with respectively positive predictive value (PPV) of 83.33% and negative predictive value (NPV) of 80.76%. The Questionnaire is at the ordinal level. The RMDQ is a one-dimensional, ordinal measure, which works well in the Gujarati population.

  9. Mitologías alimentarias cotidianas. Una relectura de Roland Barthes

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    Alonso Benito, Luis Enrique

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is a review of the French semiologist Roland Barthes' contributions to sociological studies on food consumption. In the first part there is an analysis on Barthes' approaches on the contemporary myth and their application to the routine food consumption. In the second part it is studied the idea of food consumption as a way of communication and system of signs, which is archetypical of a more formalistic Barthes, closer this time to orthodox linguistic structuralism thesis. Subsequently, the final turn of this author's work toward textualism and hedonism as ways of interpretation of eating facts is revised, giving entrance thus to the topics of the postmodern cultural movement. Finally, it is given a presentation of the criticisms toward food consumption's structuralist explanations, carried out by sociologists as Pierre Bourdieu and Michel de Certeau, as well as a balance of Barthes' legacy to the possible construction of a food consumption sociology, which can have in consideration its symbolic dimension.

    Este artículo es una revisión de las aportaciones del semiólogo francés Roland Barthes al estudio sociológico del consumo alimentario. En una primera parte se analizan los planteamientos de Barthes sobre el mito contemporáneo y su aplicación a la alimentación cotidiana. En la segunda parte se estudia la idea de la alimentación como forma de comunicación y sistema de signos, propia del Barthes más formalista y cercano a las tesis del estructuralismo lingüístico ortodoxo. A continuación se revisa el giro final de la obra de este autor hacia el textualismo y el hedonismo como forma de interpretación del hecho alimentario, dando entrada así a los tópicos del movimiento cultural postmoderno. Finalmente se realiza una presentación de las críticas hacia las explicaciones estructuralistas del consumo alimentario, realizadas por sociólogos como Pierre Bourdieu y Michel de Certeau, así como un balance del legado

  10. Analisis Fungsi Pakaian Karnaval di Yogyakarta Menurut Roland Barthes dan Fungsi Seni Edmund Burke Felmand

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    Deni Setiawan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Carnival clothing is one form of artists’ creativities in fine art, created in various functions. Those functions are viewed based on utility value and the purpose that consistently are embedded in an art work. In addition, several functions of carnival clothing were constructed on the basis of social and cultural conditions that are effective in a certain place. Each and every type of clothing raises perception to everyone else who sees it. Promotion of fashion style and industry through carnival clothing results in diverse perceptions acceptable to the viewers. Audience’s perceptions are also not apart from the key functions, social ones, and the physical ones of those carnival clothings themselves. Those three functions are the common ones of each art work created as communication tool with everyone else. The carnival clothings are communication tools of the fashion designer to the customers, communication between one customer and another one. On the carnival clothing there are also sources of knowledge science, history, technology, and many other explainable meanings. Through carnival clothings, the detectable issues in physical and non-physical structures are identifiable as well as they play role as the space to make more exploration on the dynamics of a community culture. This article aims to answer the functions of carnival clothing, using aesthetic approach, through the theory of clothing functions Roland Barthes and Edmund Burke Feldman’s art functions. 

  11. Modulation of Rolandic Beta-Band Oscillations during Motor Simulation of Joint Actions.

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    Mathilde Ménoret

    Full Text Available Successful joint actions require precise temporal and spatial coordination between individuals who aim to achieve a common goal. A growing number of behavioral data suggest that to efficiently couple and coordinate a joint task, the actors have to represent both own and the partner's actions. However it is unclear how the motor system is specifically recruited for joint actions. To find out how the goal and the presence of the partner's hand can impact the motor activity during joint action, we assessed the functional state of 16 participants' motor cortex during observation and associated motor imagery of joint actions, individual actions, and non-goal-directed actions performed with either 1 or 2 hands. As an indicator of the functional state of the motor cortex, we used the reactivity of the rolandic magnetoencephalographic (MEG beta rhythm following median-nerve stimulation. Motor imagery combined with action observation was associated with activation of the observer's motor cortex, mainly in the hemisphere contralateral to the viewed (and at the same time imagined hand actions. The motor-cortex involvement was enhanced when the goal of the actions was visible but also, in the ipsilateral hemisphere, when the partner's hand was visible in the display. During joint action, the partner's action, in addition to the participant's own action, thus seems to be represented in the motor cortex so that it can be triggered by the mere presence of an acting hand in the peripersonal space.

  12. Representation of myth in the modern world (Based on the ideas of the Frankfurt School, Roland Barthes and Jean Baudrillard)

    OpenAIRE

    Reza, Esmaili; Shiva, Seifoddiny khaleghi; Eisa, Charati

    2016-01-01

    Representations of myths in the modern world, entering into the land of the secret and complex, because the face of the myth of objectivity abstract rational and empirical knowledge of the history of Enlightenment requires a variety of tools. This paper documents the methods and theoretical ideas of borrowing three streams of thought - the Frankfurt School, Roland Barthes semiotics and Jean Baudrillard s postmodernism - Trying to change the myth in the life of modern life. In analyzing and re...

  13. Altered Rolandic gamma-band activation associated with motor impairment and ictal network desynchronization in childhood epilepsy.

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    Sam M Doesburg

    Full Text Available Epilepsy is associated with an abnormal expression of neural oscillations and their synchronization across brain regions. Oscillatory brain activation and synchronization also play an important role in cognition, perception and motor control. Childhood epilepsy is associated with a variety of cognitive and motor deficits, but the relationship between altered functional brain responses in various frequency ranges and functional impairment in these children remains poorly understood. We investigated functional magnetoencephalographic (MEG responses from motor cortex in multiple functionally relevant frequency bands following median nerve stimulation in twelve children with epilepsy, including four children with motor impairments. We demonstrated that children with motor impairments exhibit an excessive gamma-band response from Rolandic cortex, and that the magnitude of this Rolandic gamma response is negatively associated with motor function. Abnormal responses from motor cortex were also associated with ictal desynchronization of oscillations within Rolandic cortex measured using intracranial EEG (iEEG. These results provide the evidence that ictal disruption of motor networks is associated with an altered functional response from motor cortex, which is in turn associated with motor impairment.

  14. Altered Rolandic gamma-band activation associated with motor impairment and ictal network desynchronization in childhood epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doesburg, Sam M; Ibrahim, George M; Smith, Mary Lou; Sharma, Rohit; Viljoen, Amrita; Chu, Bill; Rutka, James T; Snead, O Carter; Pang, Elizabeth W

    2013-01-01

    Epilepsy is associated with an abnormal expression of neural oscillations and their synchronization across brain regions. Oscillatory brain activation and synchronization also play an important role in cognition, perception and motor control. Childhood epilepsy is associated with a variety of cognitive and motor deficits, but the relationship between altered functional brain responses in various frequency ranges and functional impairment in these children remains poorly understood. We investigated functional magnetoencephalographic (MEG) responses from motor cortex in multiple functionally relevant frequency bands following median nerve stimulation in twelve children with epilepsy, including four children with motor impairments. We demonstrated that children with motor impairments exhibit an excessive gamma-band response from Rolandic cortex, and that the magnitude of this Rolandic gamma response is negatively associated with motor function. Abnormal responses from motor cortex were also associated with ictal desynchronization of oscillations within Rolandic cortex measured using intracranial EEG (iEEG). These results provide the evidence that ictal disruption of motor networks is associated with an altered functional response from motor cortex, which is in turn associated with motor impairment.

  15. Hats off to CERN's Master of Apprenticeships ! Roland Gay of the HR Department (at right) recently received a special diploma from the Geneva Industrial Union (UIG).

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Presented by Carlo Lamprecht, Head of the Department of Economy, Employment and External Affairs of the State of Geneva, the diploma was awarded in recognition of the 199 CERN apprentices Roland has guided through the Certificat Fédéral de Capacité (CFC), an end-of-apprenticeship certificate awarded by the Cantonal authorities. Roland will be retiring in December 2004 after 37 years of service, 32 of which he spent in the role of apprenticeship supervisor.

  16. Describing the self through the photographic medium: the autobiographic fictions of John M. Coetzee, Roland Barthes and Edward Said

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Lila Maya Rota

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigates the different approaches to autobiography of three writers – John M. Coetzee, Edward Said and Roland Barthes – who are divided by background and historical circumstances but share the terrain of postcolonial and postmodern theory. In particular, the focus is on the use they make of photographs – real or evoked – that accompany their personal accounts. Using photography as a counterpoint and a parallel to autobiography, they all try and come to terms with issues of subjectivity, representation and authenticity. As a result, their life-long convictions will be challenged by the power of memory, leaving way to a renewed sense of self.

  17. Le dernier des Aloukous  de Roland Brival : un point de non retour The Last of the Aloukous by Roland Brival : a point of no return

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    Yolande Aline Helm

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available L'article examine l'existence précaire des Aloukous de Guyane, descendants d'esclaves marrons. L'étude est basée sur le roman de Roland Brival, Le dernier des Aloukous, un des rares écrivains qui a rendu hommage à ce peuple oublié de l'Histoire et menacé par la modernisation et l'assimilation. Il examine aussi les problématiques de la déforestation, de la déterritorialisation ainsi que l'importance des rituels et des dieux dans la culture des Aloukous.The article examines the precarious existence of the Alukus, a population based in Guyana, and the descendants of maroons slaves. The study is based on a novel by Roland Brival, one of the few writers from the French Caribbean who has paid a tribute to this ethnic group threatened by modernization and urbanization. It also examines issues of deforestation, deterritorialization, and the importance of rituals and gods in the Alukus' culture.

  18. Roland Barthes and the Great Proletarian Revolution China: An Approach to Autobiographical Writing in Diary of My Trip to China

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    Cecilia Lerena Mcmillan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The present paper propose to investigate how the autobiographical subject is constructed in the text Carnets du voyage en Chine wich was written in 1974 by Roland Barthes. Another objective of this work will be indicate that Carnets can be understand as a space of problematization of the literary theory about the french autobiographical genre. The text of study will have as a distinctive mark the immediacy of living events in China and the time of his writing, where, the artifice of writing will allow the author construct themselves as a french man with a bourgeois formation in the context of the Great Chinese Proletarian Cultural Revolution. This context and details of the experience itself will set the tone of the story of Roland Barthes. We propose then, search the expression of the need to write as an organic need, and also as an imperative need of the bourgeois formation, who, at the same time rejects the subject but cannot ignored it.

  19. Evaluation of the language profile in children with rolandic epilepsy and developmental dysphasia: Evidence for distinct strengths and weaknesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verly, M; Gerrits, R; Lagae, L; Sunaert, S; Rommel, N; Zink, I

    2017-07-01

    Although benign, rolandic epilepsy (RE) or benign childhood epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes is often associated with language impairment. Recently, fronto-rolandic EEG abnormalities have been described in children with developmental dysphasia (DD), suggesting an interaction between language impairment and interictal epileptiform discharges. To investigate if a behavioral-linguistic continuum between RE and DD exists, a clinical prospective study was carried out to evaluate the language profile of 15 children with RE and 22 children with DD. Language skills were assessed using an extensive, standardized test battery. Language was found to be impaired in both study groups, however RE and DD were associated with distinct language impairment profiles. Children with RE had difficulties with sentence comprehension, semantic verbal fluency and auditory short-term memory, which are unrelated to age of epilepsy onset and laterality of epileptic focus. In children with DD, sentence comprehension and verbal fluency were among their relative strengths, whereas sentence and lexical production constituted relative weaknesses. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Oscar Masotta y Roland Barthes. Homologías estructurales de una crítica de vanguardia

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    Max Hidalgo Nácher

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo propone una lectura comparada de la obra de Oscar Masotta y de Roland Barthes hasta los años setenta. Beatriz Sarlo y Pierre Bourdieu han visto en estos autores, respectivamente, un síntoma de la época. Así, más que fijarnos en sus contenidos, proponemos una lectura en movimiento a partir del descubrimiento de una homología estructural: Masotta y Barthes comparten una misma posición de enunciación. Como podrá verse en el artículo, ésta va ligada, a su vez, a la precariedad de su posición institucional y a una apuesta decidida por la vanguardia intelectual.

  1. Gender Anarchy as Social Justice: An Analytic Reconstruction of the Idea of Epistemic Equality in Jane Roland Martin's "Reclaiming a Conversation"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seals, Greg

    2006-01-01

    Jane Roland Martin's later work, especially as represented in "The Schoolhome: Rethinking Schools for Changing Families," has been attacked as vague, essentialistic, and a formula for the (re)feminization of education. This paper does not attempt to defend Martin against these criticisms because such a defense seems impossible for…

  2. A prospective cohort study comparing the VAS spine score and Roland-Morris disability questionnaire in patients with a type A traumatic thoracolumbar spinal fracture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Siebenga, J.; Leferink, V.J.M.; Segers, M.J.M.; Elzinga, M.J.; Bakker, F.C.; Ten, D.H.J.; Rommens, P.M.; Patka, P.

    2008-01-01

    The Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ-24) and the VAS spine score have been regularly used to measure functional outcome in patients with back pain. The RMDQ-24 is primarily used in degenerative disease of the spine and the VAS Spine is used in trauma patients. The aim of this study is to

  3. A prospective cohort study comparing the VAS spine score and Roland-Morris disability questionnaire in patients with a type a traumatic thoracolumbar spinal fracture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.J. Siebenga (Joukje); V.J.M. Leferink (Vincent); M.J.M. Segers (Michiel); M.J. Elzinga (Matthijs); F.C. Bakker (Fred); D.H.J. ten Duis; P.M. Rommens (Pol); P. Patka (Peter)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ-24) and the VAS spine score have been regularly used to measure functional outcome in patients with back pain. The RMDQ-24 is primarily used in degenerative disease of the spine and the VAS Spine is used in trauma patients. The aim of this

  4. Representasi Maskulinitas Dalam Iklan Televisi Pond’s Men #Lelakimasakini (Analisis Semiotika Roland Barthes Terhadap Representasi Maskulinitas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friska Dewi Yuliyanti

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to know the meaning of denotation, the connotation and the myth or ideology in television commercials POND'S Men that represent the masculine with #LelakiMasaKini edition. The method used in this research is the Semiotic analysis methods. The Semiotic analysis used in this research is the Semiotic Roland Barthes. The results of this research show that there are; meaning denote, the connotation and the myth or ideology in television commercials POND'S #LelakiMasaKini. The results obtained from the signs of the dominant in the preview scenes that are taken in accordance with the criteria that have been determined. Advertising on Rio Dewanto version described three meaning denotes, three meaning of the connotations and three myths. On the version of the advertisement, Keenan Pearce described three meaning denotes, three the meaning of the connotations and three myths or ideologies and on the version of the Marshall Sastra described three meaning denotes, three the meaning of the connotations and 3 myths or ideologies. Concluded the side or the form of masculinity is promoted of the physical appearance of the type of men who tend to metrosexual, the dream of women, the leader success, lack men who think creatively and have hobbies. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui makna denotasi, konotasi serta mitos atau ideologi dalam iklan televisi POND’S Men yang merepresentasikan maskulinitas dengan edisi #LelakiMasaKini. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode analisis semiotik. Analisis Semiotik yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis semiotik Roland Barthes. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat makna denotasi, konotasi serta mitos atau ideologi pada iklan televisi POND’S Men #LelakiMasaKini. Hasil itu diperoleh dari tanda-tanda dominan pada cuplikan adegan-adegan yang diambil sesuai dengan kriteria yang telah ditentukan. Pada iklan versi Rio Dewanto digambarkan 3 makna denotasi, 3

  5. The genetics of reading disability in an often excluded sample: novel loci suggested for reading disability in Rolandic epilepsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strug, Lisa J; Addis, Laura; Chiang, Theodore; Baskurt, Zeynep; Li, Weili; Clarke, Tara; Hardison, Huntley; Kugler, Steven L; Mandelbaum, David E; Novotny, Edward J; Wolf, Steven M; Pal, Deb K

    2012-01-01

    Reading disability (RD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder with genetic basis established in families segregating "pure" dyslexia. RD commonly occurs in neurodevelopmental disorders including Rolandic Epilepsy (RE), a complex genetic disorder. We performed genomewide linkage analysis of RD in RE families, testing the hypotheses that RD in RE families is genetically heterogenenous to pure dyslexia, and shares genetic influences with other sub-phenotypes of RE. We initially performed genome-wide linkage analysis using 1000 STR markers in 38 US families ascertained through a RE proband; most of these families were multiplex for RD. We analyzed the data by two-point and multipoint parametric LOD score methods. We then confirmed the linkage evidence in a second US dataset of 20 RE families. We also resequenced the SEMA3C gene at the 7q21 linkage locus in members of one multiplex RE/RD pedigree and the DISC1 gene in affected pedigrees at the 1q42 locus. In the discovery dataset there was suggestive evidence of linkage for RD to chromosome 7q21 (two-point LOD score 3.05, multipoint LOD 3.08) and at 1q42 (two-point LOD 2.87, multipoint LOD 3.03). Much of the linkage evidence at 7q21 derived from families of French-Canadian origin, whereas the linkage evidence at 1q42 was well distributed across all the families. There was little evidence for linkage at known dyslexia loci. Combining the discovery and confirmation datasets increased the evidence at 1q42 (two-point LOD = 3.49, multipoint HLOD = 4.70), but decreased evidence at 7q21 (two-point LOD = 2.28, multipoint HLOD  = 1.81), possibly because the replication sample did not have French Canadian representation. Reading disability in rolandic epilepsy has a genetic basis and may be influenced by loci at 1q42 and, in some populations, at 7q21; there is little evidence of a role for known DYX loci discovered in "pure" dyslexia pedigrees. 1q42 and 7q21 are candidate novel dyslexia loci.

  6. The genetics of reading disability in an often excluded sample: novel loci suggested for reading disability in Rolandic epilepsy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa J Strug

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Reading disability (RD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder with genetic basis established in families segregating "pure" dyslexia. RD commonly occurs in neurodevelopmental disorders including Rolandic Epilepsy (RE, a complex genetic disorder. We performed genomewide linkage analysis of RD in RE families, testing the hypotheses that RD in RE families is genetically heterogenenous to pure dyslexia, and shares genetic influences with other sub-phenotypes of RE. METHODS: We initially performed genome-wide linkage analysis using 1000 STR markers in 38 US families ascertained through a RE proband; most of these families were multiplex for RD. We analyzed the data by two-point and multipoint parametric LOD score methods. We then confirmed the linkage evidence in a second US dataset of 20 RE families. We also resequenced the SEMA3C gene at the 7q21 linkage locus in members of one multiplex RE/RD pedigree and the DISC1 gene in affected pedigrees at the 1q42 locus. RESULTS: In the discovery dataset there was suggestive evidence of linkage for RD to chromosome 7q21 (two-point LOD score 3.05, multipoint LOD 3.08 and at 1q42 (two-point LOD 2.87, multipoint LOD 3.03. Much of the linkage evidence at 7q21 derived from families of French-Canadian origin, whereas the linkage evidence at 1q42 was well distributed across all the families. There was little evidence for linkage at known dyslexia loci. Combining the discovery and confirmation datasets increased the evidence at 1q42 (two-point LOD = 3.49, multipoint HLOD = 4.70, but decreased evidence at 7q21 (two-point LOD = 2.28, multipoint HLOD  = 1.81, possibly because the replication sample did not have French Canadian representation. DISCUSSION: Reading disability in rolandic epilepsy has a genetic basis and may be influenced by loci at 1q42 and, in some populations, at 7q21; there is little evidence of a role for known DYX loci discovered in "pure" dyslexia pedigrees. 1q42 and 7q

  7. The Roland De Witte Experiment, R. T. Cahill, and the One-Way Speed of Light (Letters to Progress in Physics

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    Catania J.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In “The Roland De Witte 1991 Experiment (to the Memory of Roland De Witte” (Progr. Phys , 2006, v. 2(3, 60–65, R.T. Cahill gives us a briefing on his view that interferometer measurements and one-way RF coaxial cable propagation-time measure- ments amount to a detection of the anisotropy in the speed of light. However, while I obtain first order propagation delays in calculations for on e-way transit which would show geometric modulation by Earth’s rotation, I do not agree with Cahill’s simplistic equation that relates the modulation solely to the projection of the absolute velocity vector v on the coaxial cable, called v P by Cahill (ibid., p. 61–62. The reader should be warned that Cahill’s equation for ∆ t (ibid., p.63 is crude compared with a full Special Relativistic derivation.

  8. Diálogos entre Roland Barthes e Maurice Blanchot: o grau zero da escrita em um livro por vir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Muramoto Hoshino

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Roland Barthes foi um homem plural. Escreveu uma extensa obra e se impôs como uma grande referência nos estudos literários, falou também sobre moda, fotografia, teatro e culturas orientais. O conjunto de sua obra serviu de inspiração e abriu um diálogo com diversos autores de sua época, entre eles Maurice Blanchot. Este, ao contrário de Barthes, foi tímido e reservado, porém, é considerado um dos maiores críticos literários do século XX. O livro por vir, de sua autoria, traz referências diretas em um capítulo inteiro dedicado a O grau zero da escrita, de Barthes. O que une os dois autores e permite essa relação são os pontos em comum de suas pesquisas, neste caso a busca do que Barthes chama de “escrita branca” e Blanchot de “neutro”, ou seja, uma escrita despida das ideologias, impessoal, ausente. Esta comunicação tem como objetivo analisar a maneira como esse diálogo se deu, o que é o grau zero da escrita, quais são as demais ideias barthesianas abordadas por Maurice Blanchot, tais como a distinção entre língua, estilo e escrita, e como ele as interpretou.

  9. Disengagement and inhibition of visual-spatial attention are differently impaired in children with rolandic epilepsy and Panayiotopoulos syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedoin, Nathalie; Ciumas, Carolina; Lopez, Céline; Redsand, Grégory; Herbillon, Vania; Laurent, Agathe; Ryvlin, Philippe

    2012-09-01

    We assessed voluntary orientation and reorientation of visuospatial attention in 313 healthy 6- to 22-year-old participants, 30 children suffering from benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) and 13 children with Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS). The developmental section highlights the late development of reorienting skills. Only children with BECTS-R showed a strong tendency toward a rightward bias in attentional orientation. Additionally, a unilateral deficit of disengagement characterizes the patients with BECTS-R and comorbid ADHD. Right rolandic spikes seem to aggravate subclinical reorienting difficulties. Finally, children with PS failed to diffuse inhibition, except in the nearest area outside the attentional focus. This deficit could be attributed to the typical occipital-to-frontal spreading of the spikes in PS. By showing distinct attentional deficiencies according to the epileptic syndrome and the epileptic focus lateralization in BECTS, the results provide new evidence for alterations of attentional mechanisms by interictal epileptic activity, which probably contribute to learning difficulties. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. The psychometric properties of the Roland Morris disability questionnaire for patients with chronic mechanical low back pain

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    H. Buchanan

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Functional status measures are currently not widelyused in South Africa to facilitate clinical decision-making or document treatment outcomes for patients with low back pain (LBP. This study investigated the internal consistency and clinical utility of a back-specific functional status measure, the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ, and determined its ability to confirm the need for spinal fusion surgery. Method: Aretrospective, descriptive design was used with 42 patients with chronic mechanical low back pain who consulted a private Orthopaedic surgeon in Cape Town over a one year  period. All patients completed the RMDQ prior to their consultation. On completion of the medical examination, a rating for surgery was determined for each patient. The completed questionnaires were analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS. Results: The mean RMDQ score was 8.6 (N=42; median=9.0; range=2-21. Cronbach’s alpha showed a high internal consistency between items (.92. A categorical principal component analysis (CATPCA identified two distinct dimensions in the RMDQ. Item reduction improved the internal consistency and thus the construct validity of the RMDQ. There was a low correlation between the surgeon’s rating for surgery and RMDQ scores (r=.40; P<.01. Conclusion: The RMDQ shows some good psychometric properties but some adjustments could improve it. The RMDQ cannot be used to predict the need for spinal fusion surgery.

  11. A within-subjects trial to test the equivalence of online and paper outcome measures: the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prentice Philippa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Augmenting validated paper versions of existing outcome measures with an equivalent online version may offer substantial research advantages (cost, rapidity and reliability. However, equivalence of online and paper questionnaires cannot be assumed, nor can acceptability to respondents. The aim was to test whether online and written versions of the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ, a standard measure of functional disability in back pain, are equivalent at both group and individual levels to establish whether they can be used interchangeably. Methods This is a within-participants equivalence study. 167 participants with back pain fully completed both the paper and online versions of the RMDQ in random order. Participants were recruited from a chiropractic clinic and patient support groups in Southern England. Limits of equivalence were pre-defined as 0.5 RMDQ points, the Bland-Altman range was calculated, and participants' comments were examined using content analysis. Results The mean score difference was 0.03 (SD = 1.43, with the 95% Confidence Interval falling entirely within our limits of equivalence (-0.19 to 0.25. The Bland-Altman range was -2.77 to 2.83 RMDQ points. Participants identified unique advantages and disadvantages associated with each version of the RMDQ. Conclusions The group and individual level data suggest that online and paper versions of the RMDQ are equivalent and can be used interchangeably. The Bland-Altman range appears to reflect the known measurement properties of the RMDQ. Furthermore, participants' comments confirmed the potential value to be had from offering them the choice of completing the RMDQ online or on paper.

  12. L’Arioste et l’Empire. Réflexions sur les rédactions du Roland furieux

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    Giuseppe Sangirardi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Révisant la thèse communément admise de la « dimension impériale » de la troisième rédaction du Roland furieux (1532, l’article montre l’ambiguïté de l’éloge que l’Arioste adresse à Charles-Quint, à partir des faiblesses de l’image de Charlemagne et de l’importance donnée à des personnes tel qu’Andrea Doria. La reprise de l’esthétique des poètes de l’âge d’Auguste n’est pas l’effet de la geste impériale mais reprend les développements de la poésie à la cour de Ferrare, lieu de l’élaboration d’un canon de la poésie de goût classique.Revisando la tesis comúnmente admitida de la «dimensión imperial» de la tercera redacción del Orlando furioso (1532, este artículo muestra la ambigüedad del elogio que Ariosto dirige a Carlos V, a partir del carácter débil y vacilante de la figura de Carlomagno y de la importancia dada a personas como Andrea Doria. La recuperación de la estética de poetas de la edad de Augusto no es el efecto de la gesta imperial, sino que retoma temas ya anteriormente desarrollados por la poesía de la corte de Ferrara, en cuyo seno se elabora un canon de la poesía clasicista.

  13. Cross-cultural Adaptation, Reliability, and Validity of the Yoruba Version of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mbada, Chidozie Emmanuel; Idowu, Opeyemi Ayodiipo; Ogunjimi, Olawale Richard; Ayanniyi, Olusola; Orimolade, Elkanah Ayodele; Oladiran, Ajibola Babatunde; Johnson, Olubusola Esther; Akinsulore, Adesanmi; Oni, Temitope Olawale

    2017-04-01

    A translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and psychometric analysis. The aim of this study was to translate, cross-culturally adapt, and validate the Yoruba version of the RMDQ. The Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) is a valid outcome tool for low back pain (LBP) in clinical and research settings. There seems to be no valid and reliable version of the RMDQ in the Nigerian languages. Following the Guillemin criteria, the English version of the RMDQ was forward and back translated. Two Yoruba translated versions of the RMDQ were assessed for clarity, common language usage, and conceptual equivalence. Consequently, a harmonized Yoruba version was produced and was pilot-tested among 20 patients with nonspecific long-term LBP (NSLBP) for cognitive debriefing. The final version of the Yoruba RMDQ was tested for its construct validity and re-retest reliability among 120 and 87 patients with NSLBP, respectively. Pearson product moment correlation coefficient (r) of 0.82 was obtained for reliability of the Yoruba version of the RMDQ. The test-retest reliability of the Yoruba RMDQ yielded Cronbach alpha 0.932, while the intraclass correlation (ICC) ranged between 0.896 and 0.956. The analysis of the global scores of both the English and Yoruba versions of the RMDQ yielded ICC value of between 0.995 (95% confidence interval 0.996-0.997), with the item-by-item Kappa agreement ranging between 0.824 and 1.000. The external validity of RMDQ using Quadruple Visual Analogue Scale was r = -0.596 (P = 0.001). The Yoruba version of the RMDQ had no floor/ceiling effects, as no patient achieved either of the maximum or the minimum possible scores. The Yoruba version of the RMDQ has excellent reliability and validity and may be an appropriate outcome tool for clinical and research purposes among Yoruba-speaking patients with LBP. 3.

  14. A neuropsychological assessment, using computerized battery tests (CANTAB), in children with benign rolandic epilepsy before AED therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinţan, M A; Palade, S; Cristea, A; Benga, I; Muresanu, D F

    2012-02-22

    Benign rolandic epilepsy (BRE) is a form of partial idiopathic epilepsy according to the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) syndromes classification (1989). Recent studies have identified cases of BRE that do not meet the initial definition of 'benign'; these included reports of cases with specific cognitive deficits. It is still a matter of debate, whether these deficits are due to epilepsy per se, to treatment or other associated factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate if BRE children have cognitive deficits at the onset of their seizures, prior to their participation in any anti-epileptic drug therapy (AED). We performed a neuropsychological assessment of 18 BRE children compared with a corresponding age-matched control group. We used the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB). Subjects were at their first neurological evaluation, before any AED therapy. We assessed: visual memory, induction and executive functions. In our group, the BRE children performed comparably with the control children for the induction and executive functions. Substantial differences were identified for the visual memory subtests: PRM percent correct (t = -2.58, p = 0.01) and SRM percent correct (t = -2.73, p = 0.01). Age of seizure onset had a negative impact on the visual memory subtest performances (PRM mean correct latency). We found significant correlations between the different CANTAB subtests results and characteristics of the centrotemporal spikes (CTS). Our results are consistent with the findings of other similar studies. This form of epilepsy is associated with subtle neuropsychological deficits, present at seizure onset. Neuropsychological deficits identified, suggest a more diffuse brain involvement in the epileptiform process.

  15. Rolandic epilepsy and dyslexia

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    Ecila P. Oliveira

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective Although benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS is an idiopathic, age-related epilepsy syndrome with favorable outcome, recent studies have shown impairment in specific neuropsychological tests. The objective of this study was to analyze the comorbidity between dyslexia and BECTS. Method Thirty-one patients with clinical and electroencephalographic diagnosis of BECTS (group A and 31 paired children (group B underwent a language and neuropsychological assessment performed with several standardized protocols. Our findings were categorized as: a dyslexia; b other difficulties; c without difficulties. Our results were compared and statistically analyzed. Results Our data showed that dyslexia occurred in 19.4% and other difficulties in 74.2% of our patients. This was highly significant when compared with the control group (p<0.001. Phonological awareness, writing, reading, arithmetic, and memory tests showed a statistically significant difference when comparing both groups. Conclusion Our findings show significant evidence of the occurrence of dyslexia in patients with BECTS.

  16. Roland Weber second part

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    Biodiversity of storage rot in Denmark and Northern Germany. A new look at Hot-Water treatments of apples.......Biodiversity of storage rot in Denmark and Northern Germany. A new look at Hot-Water treatments of apples....

  17. Rolandic epilepsy and dyslexia

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira,Ecila P.; Neri,Marina L.; Capelatto, Lívia L; Guimarães,Catarina A.; Guerreiro, Marilisa M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Although benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is an idiopathic, age-related epilepsy syndrome with favorable outcome, recent studies have shown impairment in specific neuropsychological tests. The objective of this study was to analyze the comorbidity between dyslexia and BECTS. Method Thirty-one patients with clinical and electroencephalographic diagnosis of BECTS (group A) and 31 paired children (group B) underwent a language and neuropsychological assessment perfo...

  18. Rolandic epilepsy and dyslexia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Ecila P; Neri, Marina L; Capelatto, Lívia L; Guimarães, Catarina A; Guerreiro, Marilisa M

    2014-11-01

    Although benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is an idiopathic, age-related epilepsy syndrome with favorable outcome, recent studies have shown impairment in specific neuropsychological tests. The objective of this study was to analyze the comorbidity between dyslexia and BECTS. Thirty-one patients with clinical and electroencephalographic diagnosis of BECTS (group A) and 31 paired children (group B) underwent a language and neuropsychological assessment performed with several standardized protocols. Our findings were categorized as: a) dyslexia; b) other difficulties; c) without difficulties. Our results were compared and statistically analyzed. Our data showed that dyslexia occurred in 19.4% and other difficulties in 74.2% of our patients. This was highly significant when compared with the control group (pdyslexia in patients with BECTS.

  19. Roland Barthes's Secret Garden

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    Frances Bartkowski

    1981-01-01

    Full Text Available This article traces the metaphor of the body through all of Barthes's works in order to clarify a further view of Barthes as writer, critic, and reader. Though it is only disclosed in his autobiography as the «manaword» of his vocabulary, it appears as early as Writing Degree Zero in a discussion of 'style' as the literary element that Barthes cannot easily describe or define. The indescribability of style will later be located in such notions as the writerly text, the text of bliss, the unsayable, the disreal. It is the body, the flesh, the idiosyncratic which hides within these categories which elude Barthes, the systematizer of the early structuralist years. Yet in his later works this unnameable aspect of literariness and narrative structure becomes the locus of fascination for Barthes as reader. Through the work of language the Imaginary still speaks, but resists translation into easily serviceable theoretical fictions. In The Lover's Discourse the morality of Barthes's entire project of reading and criticizing narrative is transformed into a desire not to seize at meaning, interpretation or translation. It is through a discussion of the three gardens of his childhood home that one can recreate the itinerary of Barthes slowly passing from easily formalized structures to those that increasingly resist formalism, and his own pleasure in letting go of the wish to read form into that which may not be tamed.

  20. Letting the CAT out of the bag: comparing computer adaptive tests and an 11-item short form of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Karon F; Choi, Seung W; Crane, Paul K; Deyo, Richard A; Johnson, Kurt L; Amtmann, Dagmar

    2008-05-20

    A post hoc simulation of a computer adaptive administration of the items of a modified version of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire. To evaluate the effectiveness of adaptive administration of back pain-related disability items compared with a fixed 11-item short form. Short form versions of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire have been developed. An alternative to paper-and-pencil short forms is to administer items adaptively so that items are presented based on a person's responses to previous items. Theoretically, this allows precise estimation of back pain disability with administration of only a few items. Data were gathered from 2 previously conducted studies of persons with back pain. An item response theory model was used to calibrate scores based on all items, items of a paper-and-pencil short form, and several computer adaptive tests (CATs). Correlations between each CAT condition and scores based on a 23-item version of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire ranged from 0.93 to 0.98. Compared with an 11-item short form, an 11-item CAT produced scores that were significantly more highly correlated with scores based on the 23-item scale. CATs with even fewer items also produced scores that were highly correlated with scores based on all items. For example, scores from a 5-item CAT had a correlation of 0.93 with full scale scores. Seven- and 9-item CATs correlated at 0.95 and 0.97, respectively. A CAT with a standard-error-based stopping rule produced scores that correlated at 0.95 with full scale scores. A CAT-based back pain-related disability measure may be a valuable tool for use in clinical and research contexts. Use of CAT for other common measures in back pain research, such as other functional scales or measures of psychological distress, may offer similar advantages.

  1. Molecular evolution of the human SRPX2 gene that causes brain disorders of the Rolandic and Sylvian speech areas

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    Levasseur Anthony

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The X-linked SRPX2 gene encodes a Sushi Repeat-containing Protein of unknown function and is mutated in two disorders of the Rolandic/Sylvian speech areas. Since it is linked to defects in the functioning and the development of brain areas for speech production, SRPX2 may thus have participated in the adaptive organization of such brain regions. To address this issue, we have examined the recent molecular evolution of the SRPX2 gene. Results The complete coding region was sequenced in 24 human X chromosomes from worldwide populations and in six representative nonhuman primate species. One single, fixed amino acid change (R75K has been specifically incorporated in human SRPX2 since the human-chimpanzee split. The R75K substitution occurred in the first sushi domain of SRPX2, only three amino acid residues away from a previously reported disease-causing mutation (Y72S. Three-dimensional structural modeling of the first sushi domain revealed that Y72 and K75 are both situated in the hypervariable loop that is usually implicated in protein-protein interactions. The side-chain of residue 75 is exposed, and is located within an unusual and SRPX-specific protruding extension to the hypervariable loop. The analysis of non-synonymous/synonymous substitution rate (Ka/Ks ratio in primates was performed in order to test for positive selection during recent evolution. Using the branch models, the Ka/Ks ratio for the human branch was significantly different (p = 0.027 from that of the other branches. In contrast, the branch-site tests did not reach significance. Genetic analysis was also performed by sequencing 9,908 kilobases (kb of intronic SRPX2 sequences. Despite low nucleotide diversity, neither the HKA (Hudson-Kreitman-Aguadé test nor the Tajima's D test reached significance. Conclusion The R75K human-specific variation occurred in an important functional loop of the first sushi domain of SRPX2, indicating that this evolutionary

  2. Cross-cultural translation, adaptation, and psychometric testing of the Roland-Morris disability questionnaire into modern standard Arabic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maki, Dana; Rajab, Ebrahim; Watson, Paul J; Critchley, Duncan J

    2014-12-01

    Cross-cultural translation, adaptation, and psychometric testing. To cross-culturally translate and adapt the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) into Modern Standard Arabic and examine its validity with Arabic-speaking patients with low back pain (LBP). The English RMDQ is valid, reliable, and commonly used to assess LBP disability in clinical practice and research. There is no valid and reliable version of the RMDQ in Modern Standard Arabic. The RMDQ was forward translated and back translated. An expert committee of musculoskeletal physiotherapists reviewed the translation. Eight patients with LBP evaluated item-by-item comprehensibility. Ten patients piloted the RMDQ for overall comprehensibility and acceptability. Seventeen bilingual patients tested the agreement of the Arabic and English RMDQs. Two-hundred one patients completed the RMDQ and the visual analogue scale. Sixty-four patients were followed-up for test-retest reliability. Translation of most items was uncontroversial. The expert committee found the Arabic RMDQ clinically and culturally appropriate. They reviewed item 11, addressing bending and kneeling, because this has a clinical significance and cultural/religious implication regarding prayer positions. All patients reported that it was easy to understand and complete. The Arabic RMDQ had high overall agreement with the English RMDQ for the global score (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.925; 0.811-0.972). Kappa statistics showed good item-by-item agreement (none ≤0.30). Mean (SD) RMDQ and visual analog scale scores of 201 patients were 10.53 (4.80) and 5.11 (2.28), respectively. The RMDQ had a low correlation against pain intensity (r = 0.259; P Arabic RMDQ was good (ICC = 0.900; 95% confidence interval, 0.753-0.951). Kappa statistics were high for 18 items and fair for 6. The Arabic version of the RMDQ has good comprehensibility and acceptability, high internal consistency and reliability, low correlation against pain

  3. A prospective cohort study comparing the VAS spine score and Roland-Morris disability questionnaire in patients with a type a traumatic thoracolumbar spinal fracture

    OpenAIRE

    Siebenga, Joukje; Leferink, Vincent; Segers, Michiel; Elzinga, Matthijs; Bakker, Fred; Duis, D.H.J.; Rommens, Pol; Patka, Peter

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ-24) and the VAS spine score have been regularly used to measure functional outcome in patients with back pain. The RMDQ-24 is primarily used in degenerative disease of the spine and the VAS Spine is used in trauma patients. The aim of this study is to compare these scores and to see if there is a correlation in patients with a traumatic thoracolumbar spinal fracture. Prospective cohort study comparing the RMDQ-24 and the VAS spine s...

  4. Arte, imagem e fotografia: um diálogo possível entre Roland Barthes, Walter Benjamin e Jacques Rancière = Art, image and photography: a possible dialogue between Roland Barthes, Walter Benjamin and Jacques Rancière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voigt, André Fabiano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva estabelecer um diálogo entre três autores que escreveram trabalhos importantes sobre a relação da arte com as imagens e a fotografia. Enquanto os pensamentos de Roland Barthes e Walter Benjamin se assemelham, Jacques Rancière apresenta uma postura dissonante ao analisar arte, imagem e fotografia no interior do que ele chama de regime estético das artes

  5. Roland Barthes' "Text" and aleatoric music: Is "The birth of the reader" the birth of the listener?

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    Jeongwon Joe

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The history of Western classical music and the development of its notational system show that composers have tried to control more and more aspects of their compositions as precisely as possible. Total serialism represents the culmination of compositional control. Given this progressively increasing compositional control, the emergence of chance music, or aleatoric music, in the mid-twentieth century is a significantly interesting phenomenon. In aleatoric music, the composer deliberately incorporates elements of chance in the process of composition and/or in performance. Consequently, aleatoric works challenge the traditional notion of an art work as a closed entity fixed by its author. The philosophical root of aleatoric music can be traced to post structuralism, specifically its critique of the Enlightenment notion of the author as the creator of the meaning of his or her work. Roland Barthes' declaration of "the death of the author" epitomizes the Poststructuralists' position. Distinguishing "Text" from "Work," Barthes maintains that in a "Text," meanings are to be engendered not by the author but by the reader. Barthes conceives aleatoric music as an example of the "Text," which demands "the birth of the reader." This essay critically re-examines Barthes' notion of aleatoric music, focusing on the complicated status of the reader in music. The readers of a musical Text can be both performers and listeners. When Barthes' declaration of the birth of the reader is applied to the listener, it becomes problematic, since the listener, unlike the literary reader, does not have direct access to the "Text" but needs to be mediated by the performer. As Carl Dahlhaus has remarked, listeners cannot be exposed to other possible renditions that the performer could have chosen but did not choose, and in this respect, the supposed openness of an aleatoric piece is closed and fixed at the time of performance. In aleatoric music, it is not listeners but only

  6. Reliability and validity of simplified Chinese version of Roland-Morris questionnaire in evaluating rural and urban patients with low back pain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honglei Yi

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The causes of low back pain in China and Western countries are extremely different. We attempted to analyze the risk factors of low back pain in urban and rural patients under the dual economy with the simplified Chinese version of Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (SC-RMDQ to demonstrate that SC-RMDQ could evaluate patients with low back pain arising from different causes. METHODS: Roland-Morris disability questionnaire was translated into SCRMDQ according to international guidelines for questionnaire adaptation. In this study, causes of low back pain of 187 outpatients and inpatients (99 urban patients and 88 rural patients were analyzed. All patients underwent simplified Chinese version of Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (SC-RMDQ, simplified Chinese Oswestry disability index (SCODI and visual analogue scale (VAS. Reliability was tested using reproducibility (intraclass coefficient of correlation--ICC and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha. Validity was tested using Pearson correlation analysis. RESULTS: The leading causes for low back pain were sedentariness (38.4% and vibration (18.1% in urban patients and waist bending (48.9% and spraining (25% in rural patients. Although causes of low back pain in the two groups of population were completely different, SCRMDQ had high internal consistency (Cronbach's α value of 0.874 in urban patients and 0.883 in rural patients and good reproducibility (ICC value of .952 in urban patients and 0.949 in rural patients, P<0.01. SCRMDQ also showed significant correlation with Simplified Chinese version of Oswestry disability index (SCODI and visual analogue scale (VAS in rural areas (SCRMDQ-SCODI r = 0.841; SCRMDQ-VAS: r = 0.685, P<0.01 and in urban areas (SCRMDQ-SCODI: r = 0.818, P<0.01; SCRMDQ-VAS: r = 0.666, P<0.01. CONCLUSIONS: Although causes of low back pain are completely different in rural and urban patients, SCRMDQ has a good reliability and validity, which

  7. Benign rolandic epilepsy: clinical and electroencephalographic correlates Epilepsia rolândica benigna: correlações clínicas e eletrencefalográficas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RUDIMAR DOS SANTOS RIESGO

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Benign rolandic epilepsy (BRE is known for its dissociation from structural alterations. Nevertheless, the number of cases with reported organic lesions has been increasing. This led to the creation of two subgroups, "benign" and "non benign" BRE, and resulted in the need for additional parameters to define electrographic benignity. We assessed the possible associations between interictal electroencephalographic findings and clinical behavior in 60 BRE cases, testing four parameters of electrographic benignity (paroxysm morphology, horizontal dipole, base rhythms, laterality of rolandic spikes. We also assessed the relationship between neuroimaging findings and electrographic and clinical classifications, and found a statistically significant association (sensitivity=73.5%; specificity=81.8%; positive predictive value=94.8%; negative predictive value=40.9%. Three of the electrographic parameters proposed were associated with clinical classification: paroxysm morphology, horizontal dipole, and base rhythms. Cases electrographically classified as benign have 21 times more chances to be equally classified as clinically benign according with the tested criteria.A epilepsia rolândica benigna da infância (ERBI é conhecida por não estar associada a alterações estruturais. Contudo, tem aumentado o número de casos com lesões orgânicas. Tal fato levou à criação de dois subgrupos, "benigno" e "não benigno", e criou a necessidade de definir parâmetros adicionais de benignidade eletrográfica. Nós avaliamos as possíveis associações entre achados do EEG interictal e comportamento clínico em 60 casos de ERBI, testando quatro parâmetros de benignidade eletrográfica (morfologia do paroxismo, dipolo horizontal, ritmos de base e lateralidade das pontas rolândicas. Também foi avaliada a associação entre os achados de neuroimagem e as classificações eletrográfica e clínica; encontrou-se uma associação estatisticamente significativa

  8. Avatars of a semiological adventure: the critical legacy of Roland Barthes and the drift of the structural / post-structural paradigm. An Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Lourdes Gasillón

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The production of Roland Barthes (1915-1980 is abundant and varied to the point where critical studies about his writing –and even, according to the own semiologist– have established different “phases” in the development of his thought. In this paper, we intend to observe two of those moments in Barthes´ theorizing, which coincide with the prevailing theoretical currents in France between the ´60s and ´70s: the structuralism and the post-structuralism. With this goal, we will analize two central texts in the semiotics of Barthes: “Introduction to the structural analysis of narratives” (1966 and “From work to text” (1971. The comparison of both works will allow us to observe the epistemological point of view and the model which the author adopted in each moment. It includes a change of perspective on the language, setting the concept of “story” (and others related as “levels of consciousness”, “the story grammar”, distortion and expansion operations, etc. aside and using “text” as a methodological field held in language and his associated notions: game, practice, production, death of the author, among others.

  9. AVALIAÇÃO DA DOR LOMBAR CRÔNICA EM PRATICANTES AMADORES DE MUSCULAÇÃO PONDERADOS PELOS INSTRUMENTOS: Oswestry e Roland Morris

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    Lucas Amaro Salsa Ferreira

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A dor lombar acomete uma parcela importante da população mundial, e é uma das principais causas de lesões em indivíduos praticantes de atividades físicas em especial a musculação, Trata-se de um estudo controlado, randomizado, duplo cego, qualiquantitativo, descritivo e analítico. Os instrumentos de avaliação que foram utilizados nesse estudo são: Oswestry e Roland Morris (RMDQ, A escolha dos participantes foi feita de forma aleatória. A amostra foi composta por 50 indivíduos, sendo 25 do gênero masculino e 25 do gênero feminino. Os resultados da análise dos instrumentos para o gênero feminino apontou um valor de P<0,0003, já para o grupo do gênero masculino observou-se um valor de P<0,0415 foi considerado relevante, confirmando a dor lombar entre os mesmos. Conclui-se que a amostra analisada no presente estudo apresenta dor e incapacidade lombar na prática constante da musculação.

  10. KEARIFAN BUDAYA LOKAL MADURA SEBAGAI MEDIA PERSUASIF (Analisis Semiotika Komunikasi Roland Barthes dalam Iklan Samsung Galaxy Versi Gading dan Giselle di Pulau Madura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wahyuningsih

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to provide an overview of the cultural wisdom of Madura in advertisement Samsung Galaxy Ivory version by Indonesian celebritis Gading and Giselle in the island of Madura. This study, usin a semiotic analysis of Roland Barthes, tried to unlock the meaning of the signs that are used and re veal the hidden message contained in this advertisement. The author conducted a qualitative study with a research focus on scenes depicting local wisdom of Madurese culture, and then select scenes in advertising that represents local cultural wisdom Madura. Local knowledge of Madurese culture has its own persuasive power. Theme choice by producer of the advertisement is very interesting and has its own character, especially of cattle races, clothing style Madurese, as well as their language and dialect. Madura Island in East Java island region known as the island of salt, and exotic, so well known nationally and internationally. The results of the analysis of mobile phone mentioned found some connotations as follows: (1 the existence of a form of Madurese community thanksgiving in the lens, and (2 cow races, clothing Madura, and language of madurese is indigenous culture of Madura.

  11. The relationship between psychosocial distress and disability assessed by the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire in patients with chronic low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiphorst Preuper, Henrica R; Reneman, Michiel F; Boonstra, Anne M; Dijkstra, Pieter U; Versteegen, Gerbrig J; Geertzen, Jan H B

    2007-01-01

    In the assessment and treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients, the biopsychosocial model is used worldwide. Psychological distress has been reported to have a strong relationship with disability as measured with several instruments. The relationship between psychosocial distress measured with the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and self-reported disability measured with the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) has not been investigated. To analyze the relationship between psychosocial distress measured with the SCL-90-R and self-reported disability measured with the RMDQ in patients with CLBP. This cross sectional study was performed in an outpatient pain rehabilitation setting. The study sample consisted of 152 patients with CLBP. SCL-90-R and RMDQ. All patients admitted for multidisciplinary treatment completed the SCL-90-R and RMDQ before treatment. Pearson's correlation coefficients between SCL-90-R (Global Severity Index and subscales) and RMDQ were calculated. Correlation coefficients between SCL-90-R (Global Severity Index and subscales) and RMDQ ranged from 0.18 to 0.31 (ppsychosocial distress measured with the SCL-90-R and self-reported disability measured with the RMDQ in CLBP patients is weak.

  12. Evidence for linkage of migraine in Rolandic epilepsy to known 1q23 FHM2 and novel 17q22 genetic loci.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addis, L; Chiang, T; Clarke, T; Hardison, H; Kugler, S; Mandelbaum, D E; Novotny, E; Wolf, S; Strug, L J; Pal, D K

    2014-03-01

    Migraine headaches are a common comorbidity in Rolandic epilepsy (RE) and familial aggregation of migraine in RE families suggests a genetic basis not mediated by seizures. We performed a genome-wide linkage analysis of the migraine phenotype in 38 families with RE to localize potential genetic contribution, with a follow-up in an additional 21 families at linked loci. We used two-point and multipoint LOD (logarithm of the odds) score methods for linkage, maximized over genetic models. We found evidence of linkage to migraine at chromosome 17q12-22 [multipoint HLOD (heterogeneity LOD) 4.40, recessive, 99% penetrance], replicated in the second dataset (HLOD 2.61), and suggestive evidence at 1q23.1-23.2, centering over the FHM2 locus (two-point LOD 3.00 and MP HLOD 2.52). Sanger sequencing in 14 migraine-affected individuals found no coding mutations in the FHM2 gene ATP1A2. There was no evidence of pleiotropy for migraine and either reading or speech disorder, or the electroencephalographic endophenotype of RE when the affected definition was redefined as those with migraine or the comorbid phenotype, and pedigrees were reanalyzed for linkage. In summary, we report a novel migraine susceptibility locus at 17q12-22, and a second locus that may contribute to migraine in the general population at 1q23.1-23.2. Comorbid migraine in RE appears genetically influenced, but we did not obtain evidence that the identified susceptibility loci are consistent with pleiotropic effects on other comorbidities in RE. Loci identified here should be fine-mapped in individuals from RE families with migraine, and prioritized for analysis in other types of epilepsy-associated migraine. © 2013 The Authors. Genes, Brain and Behavior published by International Behavioural and Neural Genetics Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. A subset of genomic alterations detected in rolandic epilepsies contains candidate or known epilepsy genes including GRIN2A and PRRT2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimassi, Sarra; Labalme, Audrey; Lesca, Gaetan; Rudolf, Gabrielle; Bruneau, Nadine; Hirsch, Edouard; Arzimanoglou, Alexis; Motte, Jacques; de Saint Martin, Anne; Boutry-Kryza, Nadia; Cloarec, Robin; Benitto, Afaf; Ameil, Agnès; Edery, Patrick; Ryvlin, Philippe; De Bellescize, Julitta; Szepetowski, Pierre; Sanlaville, Damien

    2014-02-01

    Rolandic epilepsies (REs) represent the most frequent epilepsy in childhood. Patients may experience cognitive, speech, language, reading, and behavioral issues. The genetic origin of REs has long been debated. The participation of rare copy number variations (CNVs) in the pathophysiology of various human epilepsies has been increasingly recognized. However, no systematic search for microdeletions or microduplications has been reported in RE so far. Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were used to analyze the genomic status of a series of 47 unrelated RE patients who displayed various types of electroclinical manifestations. Thirty rare CNVs were detected in 21 RE patients. Two CNVs were de novo, 12 were inherited, and 16 were of unknown inheritance. Each CNV was unique to one given patient, except for a 16p11.2 duplication found in two patients. The CNVs of highest interest comprised or disrupted strong candidate or confirmed genes for epileptic and other neurodevelopmental disorders, including BRWD3, GRIN2A, KCNC3, PRKCE, PRRT2, SHANK1, and TSPAN7. Patients with REs showed rare microdeletions and microduplications with high frequency and heterogeneity. Whereas only a subset of all genomic alterations found here may actually participate in the phenotype, the novel de novo events as well as several inherited CNVs contain or disrupt genes, some of which are likely to influence the emergence, the presentation, or the comorbidity of RE. The future screening of cohorts of larger size will help in detecting more de novo or recurrent events and in appreciating the possible enrichment of specific CNVs in patients with RE. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2013 International League Against Epilepsy.

  14. Obituary: Dr. Richard Roland Baker

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    Thornton R

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Richard Baker died at Easter 2007 after a very short illness. It is sad that he died so soon after his retirement from the British American Tobacco Company at the end of 2005, and just as he was beginning to enjoy his new life, even though tobacco science still had a part to play.

  15. Assessing self-reported disability in a low-literate population with chronic low back pain: cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric testing of Igbo Roland Morris disability questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igwesi-Chidobe, Chinonso N; Obiekwe, Chinwe; Sorinola, Isaac O; Godfrey, Emma L

    2017-12-14

    Cross-culturally adapt and validate the Igbo Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire. Cross-cultural adaptation, test-retest, and cross-sectional psychometric testing. Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire was forward and back translated by clinical/non-clinical translators. An expert committee appraised the translations. Twelve participants with chronic low back pain pre-tested the measure in a rural Nigerian community. Internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha; test-retest reliability using intra-class correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman plot; and minimal detectable change were investigated in a convenient sample of 50 people with chronic low back pain in rural and urban Nigeria. Pearson's correlation analyses using the eleven-point box scale and back performance scale, and exploratory factor analysis were used to examine construct validity in a random sample of 200 adults with chronic low back pain in rural Nigeria. Ceiling and floor effects were investigated in the two samples. Modifications gave the option of interviewer-administration and reflected Nigerian social context. The measure had excellent internal consistency (α = 0.91) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC =0.84), moderately high correlations (r > 0.6) with performance-based disability and pain intensity, and a predominant uni-dimensional structure, with no ceiling or floor effects. Igbo Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire is a valid and reliable measure of pain-related disability. Implications for rehabilitation Low back pain is the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide, and is particularly prevalent in rural Nigeria, but there are no self-report measures to assess its impact due to low literacy rates. This study describes the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of a core self-report back pain specific disability measure in a low-literate Nigerian population. The Igbo Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire is a reliable and valid measure of self

  16. Idade de aparecimento e desaparecimento das pontas rolândicas em 160 crianças acompanhadas ambulatorialmente: estudo atuarial Age of appearance and disappearance of rolandic spikes of 160 children: an actuarial study

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    MOACIR A. BORGES

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available PROPOSTA: Determinar a idade em que surgem e desaparecem as pontas rolândicas (PR em traçados eletrencefalográficos de rotina. MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo hospitalar, baseado em 412 eletrencefalogramas de 160 crianças que frequentaram o ambulatório de neuropediatria entre as idades de 1 e 16 anos, no período de março de 1989, a março de 1998. Usou-se o sistema 10/20 para colocação dos eletrodos. As crianças foram dividas, por idade, em quatro grupos (1 a 4; 5 a 8; 9 a 16; 1 a 16 e usou-se o método de curva atuarial, considerando-se como evento, o desaparecimento da PR. RESULTADOS: PR teve distribuição entre meninos e meninas na razão de 64/36. A idade média em que surgiu a PR foi 7 anos (7,2 para homens e 6,6 para mulheres e, num pequeno grupo de crianças que tinha EEG normal anterior ao surgimento da PR, a idade média foi 6,8 anos. Após 7 anos de seguimento, a percentagem de pacientes livres de PRs era 60% para o grupo de 1 a 4 anos na admissão, 84% para os grupos de 5 a 8 anos e 9 a 16 anos. Para o grupo total (1 a 16 anos a percentagem de livres de PR, após 7 anos de seguimento, foi 78%. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo mostra que as PR surgiram, em média, aos 7 anos e têm probabilidade de desaparecimento até 7 anos de seguimento, independetemente da faixa etária de aparecimento.This study aims to determine the age at which the rolandic spikes (RS appear and disappear in routine EEGs. METHOD: It has been carried out a hospital based prospective study of 412 EEGs records of 160 children who had been assisted at the neuropediatric out-patient department during the period between March, 1989 and March,1998. Recordings were made on 8-channel instruments and 10/20 system has been to place the electrodes. The children have been divided into 4 groups, according to their age (1 to 4; 5 to 8; 9 to 16; 1 to 16, and the actuarial curve method has been used to show the disappearance of the rolandic spikes. RESULTS: RS distribution between

  17. Can Mapping Algorithms Based on Raw Scores Overestimate QALYs Gained by Treatment? A Comparison of Mappings Between the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and the EQ-5D-3L Based on Raw and Differenced Score Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madan, Jason; Khan, Kamran A; Petrou, Stavros; Lamb, Sarah E

    2017-05-01

    Mapping algorithms are increasingly being used to predict health-utility values based on responses or scores from non-preference-based measures, thereby informing economic evaluations. We explored whether predictions in the EuroQol 5-dimension 3-level instrument (EQ-5D-3L) health-utility gains from mapping algorithms might differ if estimated using differenced versus raw scores, using the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMQ), a widely used health status measure for low back pain, as an example. We estimated algorithms mapping within-person changes in RMQ scores to changes in EQ-5D-3L health utilities using data from two clinical trials with repeated observations. We also used logistic regression models to estimate response mapping algorithms from these data to predict within-person changes in responses to each EQ-5D-3L dimension from changes in RMQ scores. Predicted health-utility gains from these mappings were compared with predictions based on raw RMQ data. Using differenced scores reduced the predicted health-utility gain from a unit decrease in RMQ score from 0.037 (standard error [SE] 0.001) to 0.020 (SE 0.002). Analysis of response mapping data suggests that the use of differenced data reduces the predicted impact of reducing RMQ scores across EQ-5D-3L dimensions and that patients can experience health-utility gains on the EQ-5D-3L 'usual activity' dimension independent from improvements captured by the RMQ. Mappings based on raw RMQ data overestimate the EQ-5D-3L health utility gains from interventions that reduce RMQ scores. Where possible, mapping algorithms should reflect within-person changes in health outcome and be estimated from datasets containing repeated observations if they are to be used to estimate incremental health-utility gains.

  18. Item response theory analysis to evaluate reliability and minimal clinically important change of the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire in patients with severe disability due to back pain from vertebral compression fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Minji K; Yost, Kathleen J; McDonald, Jennifer S; Dougherty, Ryne W; Vine, Roanna L; Kallmes, David F

    2017-06-01

    The majority of validation done on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) has been in patients with mild or moderate disability. There is paucity of research focusing on the psychometric quality of the RMDQ in patients with severe disability. To evaluate the psychometric quality of the RMDQ in patients with severe disability. Observational clinical study. The sample consisted of 214 patients with painful vertebral compression fractures who underwent vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty. The 23-item version of the RMDQ was completed at two time points: baseline and 30-day postintervention follow-up. With the two-parameter logistic unidimensional item response theory (IRT) analyses, we derived the range of scores that produced reliable measurement and investigated the minimal clinically important difference (MCID). Scores for 214 (100%) patients at baseline and 108 (50%) patients at follow-up did not meet the reliability criterion of 0.90 or higher, with the majority of patients having disability due to back pain that was too severe to be reliably measured by the RMDQ. Depending on methodology, MCID estimates ranged from 2 to 8 points and the proportion of patients classified as having experienced meaningful improvement ranged from 26% to 68%. A greater change in score was needed at the extreme ends of the score scale to be classified as having achieved MCID using IRT methods. Replacing items measuring moderate disability with items measuring severe disability could yield a version of the RMDQ that better targets patients with severe disability due to back pain. Improved precision in measuring disability would be valuable to clinicians who treat patients with greater functional impairments. Caution is needed when choosing criteria for interpreting meaningful change using the RMDQ. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. The political economy of transition / Gerard Roland

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roland, Gerard

    2002-01-01

    Tutvustatakse üleminekumajanduse poliitökonoomia teooriat ning analüüsitakse endiste sotsialismimaade üleminekumajandust: lisaks algsele majandussituatsioonile peab vaatlema ka poliitilisi ja sotsioloogilisi näitajaid, mis mõjutavad institutsioonide ja majanduspoliitika suuna valikut. Tabelid

  20. Daniel Njopwouof Sakeo Kong and Roland lrandji

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Numerous methods have been used for the extraction of iron from soil samples. Mineral (3,4) and organic andfor organomineral reagents (5,5) enable the extraction of iron, out are partially adsorbed on clay and could not be removed completely; otherwise require several extractions with longer treatment time. Mineral acids ...

  1. 2380-IJBCS-Article-Zinga Koumba Roland

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    génétique des populations des glossines capturées dans la forêt du Banco et ses reliques forestières représentées par le parc zoologique d'Abidjan et l'Université Nangui. Abrogoua (Ex Abobo - Adjamé). Cette étude avait pour objectif d'évaluer la structure génétique des populations de glossines de chaque zone à l'aide ...

  2. Managing missing scores on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    2009-01-01

    error present when the Oswestry was scored in the same way. Methods ·         For each of 311 fully completed RMDQ23 questionnaires from people seeking primary or secondary care, a sum score was calculated and standardized to a 100-point scale. ·         Using random number generation, questions were...... Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) sum scores when one or more questions have not been answered. However, missing data are common on the RMDQ and the current options are: calculate a sum score regardless of unanswered questions, reject all data containing unanswered questions, or to impute scores. Other...... questionnaires, such as the Oswestry Disability Index (Oswestry) convert their raw score into a standardized score out of 100. An advantage of this method is that it allows missing data to be accommodated by proportional recalculation. For example, if 17 questions had been answered ’yes’ on a RMDQ questionnaire...

  3. Taimekasvatus : [1995-2003 Eestis] / Jan-Roland Raukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raukas, Jan-Roland, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Agriculture and rural development : overview 2003/2004. - Tallinn, 2004, lk. 7-14. Statistiline ülevaade Eesti 2003. a. taimekasvatusest, ilmastiku mõjust põllumajandustoodangule. Tabel. Diagrammid

  4. Emerging Issues in Global Management Consulting. The Roland Berger Case

    OpenAIRE

    Panetti, Maurizio

    2007-01-01

    Consulting underwent many significant changes which resulted in important and structural modification of the whole business. In the 1980's consulting was mere advisory for CEOs: the growth of potential users brought to the development of specific competences and approaches, thus creating new competitive positioning and a differentiated range of offers by industries and practices. Nowadays significant changes occurred to skills required for global markets. Today companies are required to maint...

  5. USA kapitalivoog jõuab Eestisse / Roland Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Roland

    2012-01-01

    Autor leiab, et on soodne hetk hakata arendama rohkem start-up ettevõtteid, kuna USA Föderaalreserv on aasta jooksul juurde trükkinud 600 miljardit dollarit ning Eesti Arengufondil ja riskikapitalifondidel nagu ASI on vajalik investeerimisraha olemas

  6. Roland: A Case for or Against NATO Standardization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    AGREEMENT, entered into as of this Ist day of October 1972, by and between: Euromissile, Groupement d’lnteret Economique, governed by French Ordinance no...US MILSPEC/MILSTD counterparts turned out to be only 60 percent. United States safety standards for firing squib of missiles required one ampere /one

  7. RBFOX1 and RBFOX3 mutations in rolandic epilepsy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lal, Dennis; Reinthaler, Eva M; Altmüller, Janine

    2013-01-01

    mutation (p.A233Vfs*74) and a hexanucleotide deletion (p.A299_A300del), and a novel nonsense mutation in RBFOX3 (p.Y287*). Although the three variants were inherited from unaffected parents, they were present in all family members exhibiting the RE trait clinically or electroencephalographically with only...... one exception. In contrast, no deleterious mutations of RBFOX1 and RBFOX3 were found in the exomes of 6503 non-RE subjects deposited in the Exome Variant Server database. The observed RBFOX3 exon 3 deletion and nonsense mutation suggest that RBFOX3 represents a novel risk factor for RE, indicating...... that exon deletions and truncating mutations of RBFOX1 and RBFOX3 contribute to the genetic variance of partial and generalized idiopathic epilepsy syndromes....

  8. Roland Peets : Piirivalvur on samasugune teenindaja nagu poemüüjagi / Roland Peets ; interv. Erik Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peets, Roland, 1957-

    2000-01-01

    Ida-Viru piirivalvepiirkonna ülem usub, et paari aasta pärast on Eesti piirivalve valmis valvama EL-i idapiiri. Piirivalve peamised probleemid Eesti-Vene piiril. Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 4. nov. lk. 5

  9. ÜRO pehmest jõust Liibanonis on kasu ka Eestis / Roland Murof

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murof, Roland

    2016-01-01

    Ülevaade ÜRO rahuvalvemissioonist Liibanonis. Lisatud autori intervjuud Soome-Iiri pataljoni ülema kolonelleitnant Kari Kaakineniga, Soome-Iiri pataljoni A-kompanii ülema major Harri Öblomiga ning Arvo Jõesalu intervjuu ESTPLA-20 rühmaülema Priit Lillemetsaga

  10. MENGAPA ANAK BUNGKAM ATAS PENGALAMAN KEKERASAN SEKSUAL? SYNDROM PENYESUIAN DIRI ROLAND SUMMIT: IMPLEMENTASI DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Suryani

    2016-06-01

    baian, kekerasan seksual dan kekerasan emosional. Disamping itu tipe eksploitasi atau memperkerjakan anak dibawah umur secara komersial yang bertujuan untuk menekan anak secara fisik, emosi, mental dan perkembangan sosial ( Banton, dalam Wyse 2004.

  11. Roland Barthes, Reading, and Roleplay: Composition's Misguided Rejection of Fragmentary Texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seitz, James

    1991-01-01

    Asserts that the act of writing can create surprising, experimental, supple forms of written discourse. Argues for exploring more mobile, heteroglot, polyphonic forms of writing. Suggests that attempting roles that produce fragmentary texts might lead toward approaching the challenges of composing unified texts from a more enlivening perspective.…

  12. An Alternative Approach for Personal Narrative Interpretation: The Semiotics of Roland Barthes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tohar, Vered; Asaf, Merav; Kainan, Anat; Shahar, Rakefet

    2007-01-01

    ...), as a new way of analyzing personal stories. The five codes that are described in the book are linked to the domains of poetics, language, and culture, and expose facets that are embedded in the deep structure of narratives...

  13. Rasch scaling of the Oswestry Disability Index and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Hartvigsen, Jan

    Locomotion Network, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark 2. Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Locomotion Network, Forskerparken 10A, 5230 Odense M, Denmark Background Rasch analysis is a modern psychometric approach with the ability to turn instruments scored...... population of low back pain patients. Methods A total of 232 patients with low back pain and/or leg pain were recruited from an out-patient spinal clinic and 7 chiropractic practices and assessed using the RMQ and the ODI. The Dichotomous Model was applied to the RMQ and the unrestricted Partial Credit Model...

  14. Representasi Feminisme dalam Film (Analisis Semiotika Roland Barthes Mengenai Feminisme Dalam Film Maleficent )

    OpenAIRE

    Pardede, Andrina Desita

    2016-01-01

    Film always influencing and forming society based on the content of message behind it. Messages or values that contained in the film can influence the audience. Maleficent film is adaptation of fairy tale Sleeping Beauty that tells the life of a fairy named Maleficent. Through this film, the women character are portrayed as active narrative subject and bring feminism message. Feminism topic interests the researcher because during this time women are portrayed as passive narrative objects even...

  15. Poéticas del fracaso. Yvette Sánchez, Roland Spiller (Hrsg.)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Yvette

    2009-01-01

    Poéticas del fracaso En medio del crack de la bolsa de valores editamos este libro que enfoca la poeticidad del fracaso, al que desde siempre la literatura le ha ofrecido asilo, sacando a luz sus camufladas calidades edificantes y poniendo patas arriba su brutal y siempre humillante esencia, neutralizándola estéticamente. Mientras que la relación íntima entre el fracaso y la literatura ha sido productiva y constituyente, tanto en el aspecto textual como en sus implicaciones autobiográfi...

  16. Rasch analysis of the 23-item version of the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kent, Peter; Grotle, Margreth; Dunn, Kate M

    2015-01-01

    -based approach that includes consideration of new items and response options; or (ii) the use of alternative questionnaires should be recommended, such as the Oswestry Disability Index, that have shown evidence of fitting the Rasch model; or (iii) a completely new condition-specific questionnaire should...

  17. Eesti juudi kogukond / Cilja Laud ; interv. Roland S. Süssmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laud, Cilja

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Shalom : Le magazine Juif Europeen 2002, lk. 92-101. Juudi kogukond Eestis. Intervjuu Eesti juudi kogukonna presidendi Cilja Laudiga. Kommenteerivad Marina Astanovskaja, M. Michael Beilinsohn, Ina Lapidus, Samuel Lazikin.

  18. DESPLAZAMIENTOS Y TRANSFORMACIONES DE LA CRÍTICA EN ROLAND BARTHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Hidalgo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo explora un caso (práctica e imagen de la crítica moderna a través del análisis de la escritura barthesiana y de la posición de campo ocupada por el autor. En Barthes, la legitimidad de la crítica, reivindicada desde su ausencia de autoridad, va ligada a un ejercicio de desplazamiento y de transformación de los discursos existentes. El estudio de su recorrido permite ver cómo la transformación del campo intelectual de los años setenta y su entrada en el Collège de France supondrán un antes y un después en las estrategias de intervención del crítico.

  19. Representasi Meme Jomblo dalam Situs Jejaring Sosial Twitter (Analisis Semiotika Roland Barthes)

    OpenAIRE

    Yasir; Cindy, Natasha

    2016-01-01

    Internet usage in Indonesia for accessing social networks is quite high, one of them is the usage of Twitter social networking. There are a new things that become a trend in recent years, it€Ÿs a meme which is become a new culture on the internet .Single meme is one that caught the atttention of netizens, jomblo are often we hear in everyday life. This study aims to determine how the meaning of denotation, conotation and myth are represented in single meme on Twitter social networking.Method ...

  20. Significant motor improvement in an infant with congenital heart disease and a rolandic stroke: The impact of early intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Anne; Dagenais, Lynn; Doussau, Amélie; Décarie, Jean-Claude; Materassi, Manuela; Gagnon, Karine; Prud'homme, Joelle; Vobecky, Suzanne; Poirier, Nancy; Carmant, Lionel

    2017-04-01

    To report the impact of early motor intervention in an infant with congenital heart disease (CHD) and a stroke. A 35-week newborn with a complex CHD and a normal MRI presented with early motor developmental delay at 2 months. She began an intervention program, which included biweekly motor developmental therapy with a physiotherapist, parental education, and daily home exercises. At 4 months, she underwent cardiac surgery. Following surgery, she was diagnosed with a stroke involving the right sylvian artery territory. She continued her intensive intervention program. The 12-month assessment revealed an evident gain of motor function. Despite MRI evidence of a chronic infarct involving the primary motor cortex, the child had normal motor functions. This case report supports the positive impact of early intervention in infants with CHD and its potential effect on enhancing neuroplasticity, even in children with cerebro-vascular accidents involving areas of motor function.

  1. Kunstiakadeemia arhitektuuritudengid Pariisis / Artur Staškevitš, Laura Linsi, Roland Reemaa ... [jt.] ; üles kirjutanud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Kunstialadeemia arhitektuuri eriala tudengite muljeid Pariisist ja osalemisest Pariisi Belleville'i arhitektuurikõrgkoolis (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture Paris-Belleville) toimunud töötoas. Tuli kavandada üliõpilaselamu elitaarsesse Marais' piirkonda, leida üliõpilaselamise mudel

  2. Disruption of rolandic gamma-band functional connectivity by seizures is associated with motor impairments in children with epilepsy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George M Ibrahim

    Full Text Available Although children with epilepsy exhibit numerous neurological and cognitive deficits, the mechanisms underlying these impairments remain unclear. Synchronization of oscillatory neural activity in the gamma frequency range (>30 Hz is purported to be a mechanism mediating functional integration within neuronal networks supporting cognition, perception and action. Here, we tested the hypothesis that seizure-induced alterations in gamma synchronization are associated with functional deficits. By calculating synchrony among electrodes and performing graph theoretical analysis, we assessed functional connectivity and local network structure of the hand motor area of children with focal epilepsy from intracranial electroencephalographic recordings. A local decrease in inter-electrode phase synchrony in the gamma bands during ictal periods, relative to interictal periods, within the motor cortex was strongly associated with clinical motor weakness. Gamma-band ictal desychronization was a stronger predictor of deficits than the presence of the seizure-onset zone or lesion within the motor cortex. There was a positive correlation between the magnitude of ictal desychronization and impairment of motor dexterity in the contralateral, but not ipsilateral hand. There was no association between ictal desynchronization within the hand motor area and non-motor deficits. This study uniquely demonstrates that seizure-induced disturbances in cortical functional connectivity are associated with network-specific neurological deficits.

  3. Altered Rolandic Gamma-Band Activation Associated with Motor Impairment and Ictal Network Desynchronization in Childhood Epilepsy

    OpenAIRE

    Sam M Doesburg; George M Ibrahim; Mary Lou Smith; Rohit Sharma; Amrita Viljoen; Bill Chu; Rutka, James T.; O. Carter Snead; Pang, Elizabeth W.

    2013-01-01

    Epilepsy is associated with an abnormal expression of neural oscillations and their synchronization across brain regions. Oscillatory brain activation and synchronization also play an important role in cognition, perception and motor control. Childhood epilepsy is associated with a variety of cognitive and motor deficits, but the relationship between altered functional brain responses in various frequency ranges and functional impairment in these children remains poorly understood. We investi...

  4. Tulevikuväärtustest juba täna / John J. Ballow, Roland Burgman, Michael J. Molnar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ballow, John J.

    2004-01-01

    Juhtimisest aktsionärile loodava väärtuse kasvu nimel, mittelineaarsetest varadest, tulevikuväärtusest ja investeerimisotsustest. Diagrammid: Tulevikuväärtus protsentides ettevõtte väärtusest, Russell 3000, mai 2003; Raamatupidamisväärtuse osatähtsuse vähenemine, S&P 500, 1980-2002. Tabelid: Varade klassifikatsioon; Näited erinevaid varasid iseloomustavatest omadustest; Kaks näidet inimressursside kasutamisest

  5. Lattice dynamics of ferromagnetic superconductor UGe2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This paper reports the lattice dynamical study of the UGe2 using a lattice dynamical model theory based ... the phonon spectrum by using BvK lattice dynamical model with ad hoc force constants. However, they did .... [9] J C Marmeggi, R Currat, A Bouvet and G H Londa, Physica B263, 624 (1999). [10] G Oomi, T Kagayama, ...

  6. The relationship between psychosocial distress and disability assessed by the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire in patients with chronic low back pain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schiphorst Preuper, H.R.; Reneman, M.F.; Boonstra, Antje; Dijkstra, Pieter; Versteegen, G.J.; Geertzen, J.H.

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In the assessment and treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients, the biopsychosocial model is used worldwide. Psychological distress has been reported to have a strong relationship with disability as measured with several instruments. The relationship between

  7. Book review: Probabilistic reasoning and decision making in sensory-motor systems / Pierre Bessière, Christian Laugier, Roland Siegwart (Eds.). Springer, 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Cook, M.

    2009-01-01

    A dozen robotics-related PhD projects are brought together to provide a good overview of the state of the art in solving problems by defining joint probability distributions over both sensor readings and actions.

  8. The Role of Selenium in HIV Infection Cosby A Stone, Kosuke Kawai, Roland Kupka, Wafaie W Fawzi Harvard School of Public Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Cosby A; Kawai, Kosuke; Kupka, Roland; Fawzi, Wafaie W.

    2010-01-01

    HIV infection is a global disease that disproportionately burdens populations with nutritional vulnerabilities. Laboratory experiments have shown that selenium has an inhibitory effect on HIV in vitro through antioxidant effects of glutathione peroxidase and other selenoproteins. Numerous studies have reported low selenium status in HIV-infected individuals, and serum selenium concentration declines with disease progression. Some cohort studies have shown an association between selenium deficiency and progression to AIDS or mortality. In several randomized controlled trials, selenium supplementation has reduced hospitalizations, diarrheal morbidity, and improved CD4 cell counts, but the evidence remains mixed. Additional trials are recommended to study the effect of selenium supplementation on opportunistic infections, and other HIV disease related comorbidities in the context of highly active antiretroviral therapy in both developing and developed countries. PMID:20961297

  9. Penerapan Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP Pengadaan Bahan Baku dan Pengelolaan Produksi Pada Perusahaan Furniture Menggunakan ADempiere (Studi Kasus: CV Roland Kencana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasdi Putra

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this era of global competition, companies need to shorten the production cycle, responsive to market dynamics and customer demand and to strengthen information exchange system. In this competitive environment, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP is very helpful in integrating the management of all the company's resources. In manufacturing companies such as furniture, raw materials shall be made available for the production process. Shortages of raw materials can be anticipated early through inventory information that can be accessed quickly and accurately so that the business process is still running. This study aims to assist companies in implementing ERP systems by proposing strategies and tactics to overcome the problems encountered in implementing ERP systems. ADempiere as one ERP applications can help manage the transaction data and inventory business processes to improve corporate performance. The stages are carried out in this research is to identify problems, analyze business processes, election ADempiere application modules, implementation and testing of applications. Business processes are identified consisting of sales, purchasing and production. The results of analysis of business processes described in the Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN and a working model of the system is shown by the use case diagram. System test results obtained by comparing the ERP system using the manual system. The test results prove that ADempiere can produce the raw material inventory information in real time, generate transaction reports purchases, sales, production, and financial reports automatically so that it can help company leaders make decisions quickly and accurately.

  10. Je me souviens de tout, Richard (Rolands Kalniņš, Studio de Riga, 1967 : une manifestation précoce d'une mémoire concurrente de la Grande Guerre patriotique I Remember Everything, Richard (Rolands Kalniņš, Riga Film Studio, 1967: A Precocious Manifestation of a Competing Memory with the Great Patriotic War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliette Denis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available It is usually said that the memory of the war period had been completely reversed in the former Soviet borderlands since the collapse of the USSR, turning former “traitors” into heroes or victims. However, attempts to set up a new approach of the Nazi occupation and collaboration are rooted in the “Thaw” period. I remember everything, Richard – dealing with the Latvian legion, started to be considered in 1957. That coincided both with the massive return of the Latvian deportees from Siberia, and with a renewal of trials against war criminals. Produced only in 1966, the film reflected the social tensions going along with the sensitive topic, and presented a point of view far more nuanced than the official figure of the “Latvian traitor” imposed during the Stalinist period. Based on interviews, archival material and film analysis, this article aims at understanding through the film-making process the connection between the deep changes of the political meaning of the war period, and the social composition of film production.

  11. La figura del doble y la transformación de la enigmática identidad del personaje en / Le Locataire chimérique / de Roland Topor: un recorrido laberíntico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Teresa Lozano Sampedro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The theme of the double is presented in The Tenant through a constant swinging between the difference and the identity that is described by the trajectory of the change. The visual element serves especially as a sign of a problematic duality where both space and time become changeable, shifting, according to the character’s inner perspective. The theme of the perpetual cycle, which abolishes the difference between life and death, is part of the labyrinthine layout of this text where the reader, like the character, gets lost and finds his place in turn. Our aim in this paper is to show how the theme and the structure merge to lead to an open ending on a double question: the mysterious identity of the «original» and the genuineness of the existence of its «double».

  12. Auf den Spuren des verschollenen Polarforschers Baron Eduard Toll und seines Freundes Hermann Walter auf der Kotelny-Insel / Erki Tammiksaar, Roland Walter, Hans-Otto von Walter... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammiksaar, Erki, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Baltisakslaste koostööst kuulsa vene polaaruurija Dmitri Šparoga seoses baltisaksa polaaruurija Hermann Walteri säilmete ringimatmisega Kotelnõi saarel. Hermann Walter osales Eduard von Tolli Sannikovi maa otsimise ekspeditsioonis. Hermann Walteri põhjalik iseloomustus

  13. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Robert Plant "Dreamfield", Roland Gift "Roland Gift", Joe Cocker "Respect Yourself", Piano Circus "Transmission", Tricky "A Ruff Guide", Jack Johnson "Brushfire Fairytales", Yann Tiersen "Amelie from Montmartre", Hall & Oates "The Essential Collection"

  14. Was sind, und wie wirken Grundüberzeugungen in unserer Zeit? Über „Paradigmen“ und „Paradigmenveränderungen“ in der heutigen politischen und sozialen Sphäre – und die Folgen. Ein Gespräch mit Roland Benedikter, Stanford Universität. English summary included. What are basic assumptions, and which effects do they have in our time? On “paradigms” and “paradigm change” in the contemporary political and social domain, and the consequences. A conversation with Roland Benedikter, Stanford University.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Benedikter

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available English Summary: This talk clarifies what is meant by the pervasive but seldom-precise use of the term “paradigm change.” While it appears that this term is often (unwillingly misused particularly by integral and progressive intellectuals and civil society groups as an instrument of predicting future cultural change, it is argued that it should rather be used as a tool of analysis of the past and the present of basic cultural and scientific convictions that dominate their times. In fact, a “paradigm” is defined as a collective bias (or, to use a more technical explanation, a “knowledge-constituting collective prejudice” on certain issues. It defines the validity of what is meant to be true, and what to be false, and what can be accepted as valid, and what not, in a given society at a given time for a given period. A “paradigm” is always functioning (a as a “constitutive paradox” because its claim is to define what is true and what not, but at the same time it is continuously replaced by new paradigms that coin different definitions – thus contradicting the very essence of “paradigm” as such; and (b by incubation periods, i.e., by phases where different claims on what is valid coexist or even form hybrids among them. In the end, “paradigms” are something irrational and in most cases un- or half-conscious cultural formations; but they seem to exist in every period of cultural development. This talk explains the mechanisms of how dominating cultural biases become “paradigms” in order to rule temporarily over the academic and political correctness of their times; and how and to which extent the one-sided “paradigm fetishism” of the epoch of “postmodernity” is currently coming at its end, with new, more integrative and integral blueprints arising that are in their majority trying to balance the prevailing “paradigmatic” nominalism with new, empirical forms of neo-essentialism and neo-substantialism. Specifically, integral approaches try to create a paradigm for our time that connects deconstructivism and substantialism (realism.

  15. Alfred Lameli, Roland Kehrein, Stefan Rabanus (eds): Language and Space. An Internatuinal Handbook of Linguistic Variation. Volume 2. Language Mapping. Part , I, II. Berlin - New York 2010: De Gruyer Mouton, I, 668 s., II, 446 s. (ISBN 978-3-11-019609-2, e-ISBN 978-3-11-021916-6)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šipková, Milena

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 7, - (2015), s. 247-256. ISBN 978-83-7654-182-2. ISSN 1898-9276 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP406/11/1786 Keywords : language/linguistic maps * language/linguistic atlases * computerization of language mapping Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  16. Parallela, a.c. di/Hrsg. Roland Bauer e Hans Goebl, Testo - Variazione - Informatica / Text ž Variation - Informatik, Atti del IX incontro italo-austriaco dei linguisti (Salisburgo, 1-4 novembre 2000 / Akten des IX. österreichisch-italienischen Linguiste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available I sottotitolo stesso del presente volume dice che i contributi appartengono ai domini piu attuali della linguistica. I 26 contributi sono raggruppati nelle seguenti tre sezioni (entro ciascuna i nomi degli autori in ordine alfabetico: 1. Linguistica variazionale/Variationslinguistik. (13 contributi, 2. Linguistica testuale/Textlinguistik (10 contributi, 3. Linguistica computazionale/Computerlinguistik (3 contributi. La miscellanea si apre con la Prefazione dei curatori/Vorwort der Herausgeber (V-V11I, seguita dall'Indice tematico/Thematisches Inhaltverzeichnis (IX-XI e dagli lndirizzi elet­ tronici (E-Mail Adressen degli autori e dei curatori. Dei 26 testi 21 sono in italiano e 5 in tedesco. In seguito presentiamo, in forma quanto piu succinta, i contributi, citando gli autori con le relative sedi (tra parentesi e le pagine (anche queste tra par­entesi, ma omettendo per brevita i titoli (alcuni abbastanza  lunghi.  La numer­ azione  dei contributi (13 + 10+3 e nostra.

  17. Tactical Integrated Air Defense System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-06-09

    119 Patriot ........ ....................... 119 Roland 1I1 ..... ...................... ... 122 Stinger... Roland 11 ..... .. .. ......................... 122 42. Stinger ... . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 CHAPTER I INTRODUCT ION . Both air force and air...oreatest air defense systems of moidern warfare, As Major General George a. Simler stated. A ’"The air defen~se system in North Vietnam is the most

  18. Jeg kan lide, når teatret spiller med åbne kort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Mads

    2007-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i Roland Barthes distinktion "Teater minus tekst er lig teatralitet" diskuterer artiklen forholdet mellem teatralitet og udsigelse i Roland Schimmelpfennigs teaterstykke, Auf der Greifswalder Strasse (fra 2006). Artiklen rummer analyse af teksten og to opførelse på hhv. Aarhus...

  19. Tourism, performance, and place

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bærenholdt, Jørgen Ole

    2016-01-01

    'Tourism, performance, and place: a geographic perspective' by Jillian M. Rickly- Boyd, Daniel C. Knudsen, Lisa C. Braverman and Michelle M. Metro-Roland, Farnham, England/Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2014......'Tourism, performance, and place: a geographic perspective' by Jillian M. Rickly- Boyd, Daniel C. Knudsen, Lisa C. Braverman and Michelle M. Metro-Roland, Farnham, England/Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2014...

  20. E-mailed Evidence Based Summaries Impact Physician Learning More than Practice. A Review of: Grad, Roland M., Pierre Pluye, Jay Mercer, Bernard Marlow, Marie Eve Beauchamp, Michael Shulha, Janique Johnson-Lafleur and Sharon Wood-Dauphinee. “Impact of Research-based Synopses Delivered as Daily E-mail: A Prospective Observational Study.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (200815.2: 240-5.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gale G. Hannigan

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the use and construct validity of a method to assess the cognitive impact of information derived from daily e-mail evidence based summaries (InfoPOEMs, and to describe the self-reported impact of these InfoPOEMs.Design – Prospective, observational study over a period of 150 days employing a questionnaire and rating scale.Setting – This study was conducted via the Internet between September 8, 2006 and February 4, 2007.Subjects – Canadian Medical Association (CMA members who received InfoPOEMs via e-mail as of September 2006 were invited to participate. For inclusion in the analyses, a participant was defined as a practising family physician or general practitioner who submitted at least five ratings of InfoPOEMS during the study period (n=1,007.Methods – Volunteers completed a demographic questionnaire and provided informed consent online. Each subsequent InfoPOEM delivered included a link to a “ten-item impact assessment scale” (241. Participants checked “all that apply” of descriptive statements such as: My practice was (will be improved; I learned something new; I think this information is potentially harmful. Each combination of selections made was considered a pattern of cognitive impact. College of Family Physicians of Canada received continuing medical education (CME credit for each InfoPOEM rated. Data were collected by the CMA and forwarded weekly to the investigators who used descriptive statistics, principal component analysis, and multilevel factor analysis to analyze the data.Main Results – 1,007 participants rated an average of 61 InfoPOEMs (ranging from five to 111. A total of 61,493 patterns of cognitive impact were submitted. Eighty-five different patterns were observed, i.e., there were 85 different combinations of the scale’s statements used. Ten patterns accounted for 89.4% of the reports. The top five patterns were: I learned something new (35.2%; No impact (17.1%; This information confirmed I did (will do the right thing (9.6%; I learned something new AND My practice will be improved (9.4%; and, I was reassured (5.6%. I disagree with this information was checked at least once by 10.3% of the participants, and 8.0% checked I think this information is potentially harmful at least once.Conclusion – The authors applied a cognitive assessment instrument to determine the impact of InfoPOEMs e-mailed to primary care physicians in Canada and found that ten combinations of impact descriptors accounted for 89.4% of the total reports. Most suggested a positive impact on knowledge or practice. Of the total, 17.1% indicated No impact and 1.8% indicated the participant was frustrated as there was not enough information or nothing useful.

  1. Disease: H01827 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01827 Epileptic encephalopathy with continuous spike-waves during slow-wave sleep; Rolandic epilepsy...-waves during slow-wave sleep (CSWS) is one of epilepsy syndromes that presents with neurocognitive regressi...2728 ... PMID:19682046 (gene) ... AUTHORS ... Rudolf G, Valenti MP, Hirsch E, Szepetowski P ... TITLE ... From rolandic epilepsy...lepsy with rolandic spikes. ... JOURNAL ... Nat Genet 45:1067-72 (2013) DOI:10.1038/ng....imprich F, Neubauer BA, Biskup S, von Spiczak S ... TITLE ... Mutations in GRIN2A cause idiopathic focal epi

  2. Hats off to CERN's Master of Apprenticeships!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Roland Gay of the HR Department (at right) recently received a special diploma from the Geneva Industrial Union (UIG). Presented by Carlo Lamprecht, Head of the Department of Economy, Employment and External Affairs of the State of Geneva, the diploma was awarded in recognition of the 199 CERN apprentices Roland has guided through the Certificat Fédéral de Capacité (CFC), an end-of-apprenticeship certificate awarded by the Cantonal authorities. Roland will be retiring in December 2004 after 37 years of service, 32 of which he spent in the role of apprenticeship supervisor.

  3. Measuring the Blast and Ballistic Performance of Armor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-15

    of IED Blast Shock Tube Simulations for mTBI Research,” Frontiers in Neurology 2, 58 (2011). 9. R.B. Bogoslovov, C.M. Roland, and R.M. Gamache...C.M. Roland R.M. GaMaChe Materials Chemistry Branch Chemistry Division Measuring the Blast and Ballistic Performance of Armor i REPORT... Blast and Ballistic Performance of Armor C.M. Roland and R.M. Gamache Naval Research Laboratory Chemistry Division, Code 6120 4555 Overlook Avenue, SW

  4. "PTOSIS" DE GUADALUPE NETTEL Y OTRAS HISTORIAS SOBRE LA VIOLENCIA

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Maricruz Castro Ricalde

    2017-01-01

    ...) by Guadalupe Nettel. Appealing to the theoretical approaches of Ariel Dorfman, Amartya Sen, Arjun Appadurai, Walter Benjamin, and Roland Barthes, and others, I aim to reflect on the nature of identities and their...

  5. Structuralism: Its Implications for the Performance of Prose Fiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopkins, Mary Francis

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the implications of structuralism by examining "Introduction to The Structural Analysis of Narrative", a contemporary writing by Roland Barthes. Explains Barthes' terms and concepts by using Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway character for an example. (MH)

  6. 27. XI algusega kell 15 toimub von Krahli teatris...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline videoperformance'ite festival "Inport". Näidatakse performance'ite dokumentatsioone ja spetsiaalselt kaamerale tehtud performatiivseid teoseid, Roland Bergere'i (Saksamaa) koostatud eriprogrammi "Audible ranges, sounds in performance". Loetletud näidatavate videote autorid

  7. Mod en neutral seksualitet!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leer, Jonatan

    2013-01-01

    Towards a Neutral Sexuality! or Roland Barthes as a Queer Thinker? This article argues that the work of Roland Barthes has interesting perspectives in common with the queer theory. This argument will be put forward by using his concept of ‘the neutral’ that Barthes defines as “that which outplays...... the paradigm”. This notion was presented at a series of lectures at Collège de France in 1977. Through a reading of Barthes’s autobiography, Roland Barthes par Roland Barthes (1975), the article demonstrates how Barthes in this text tries to outplay the paradigms that rules over the hegemonic understanding...... of gender and sexuality; also the fragmented text presents a vision of a sexual utopia, a neutral sexuality, that tries – like the queer theory – to go and think beyond a binary conception of gender and sexuality. Finally, it is suggested that we should start to think about a movement of “French queer...

  8. Ponjat, prinjat, avtomatizirovat / Liza Denissova, Georgi Zhukovskas, Peteris Zirneklis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Denissova, Liza

    2003-01-01

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) - ettevõtte ressursside planeerimissüsteem aitab tõsta Baltimaade ettevõtete konkurentsivõimet. Kommenteerivad Rolands Vetsvanags, Egle Bulotiene ja Jüri Kaljundi

  9. Tango Naturno / Vaado Sarapuu ; fotod: V. Sarapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapuu, Vaado

    2004-01-01

    4. dets. 2004 toimus Torontos Tartu College'is kabareeõhtu Tango Naturno, kus peaesinejateks olid lauljanna Rosemarie Lindau ja akordionist Tiina Kiik, debüteerisid trompetist Roland Campbell ning lauljannad Marielle Voksepp ja Leiki Kopvillem

  10. Aping our ancestors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ennos, Roland

    2014-08-01

    Roland Ennos argues that the abilities of the great apes to cope in the dangerous mechanical environment of the forest canopy are part of the human species' intellectual inheritance and are intimately connected with our abilities as physicists.

  11. Women's perceptions of pain and discomfort after childbirth in Angola

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Women's perceptions of pain and discomfort after childbirth in Angola. Elisabeth Jangsten, Roland Strand, Engracia da Gloria Gomez de Freitas, Anna-Lena Hellström, Annika Johansson, Staffan Bergström ...

  12. The concept of text in cultural semiotics / Göran Sonesson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sonesson, Göran, 1951-

    1998-01-01

    "Tekstist" Tartu koolkonna kirjutistes ning Roland Posnerþi rekonstrueeritud teoorias. Tekstuaalsuse sellisest hierarhiast, mis nõuab interpretatsiooni ning mis on seejärel omakorda allutatud interpretatsioonile

  13. Ettekandepäev kunstimuuseumis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Tartu Kunstimuuseum koos Umea Ülikooli kunstiajaloo osakonnaga korraldab ettekandepäeva "20. sajandi kunsti mõistmine kaasaegses võtmes". Esinevad Tiiu Talvistu, Roland Spolander, Ann-Catrine Eriksson, Kristi Burman

  14. President kontrollib valmisolekut liitumiseks Schengeni viisaruumiga / Irina Tokareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tokareva, Irina

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 27. juuni 2006, lk. 1,3. President Arnold Rüütel külastas Narva kordonit, kus piirivalveameti peadirektor Roland Peets andis ülevaate Schengen Facility programmidest ja rahastatavatest projektidest

  15. The Kubilius government survives major opposition attack / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Leedu transpordi- ja kommunikatsiooniministri Eligijus Masiulise umbusaldus ebaõnnestus. Peaminister Andrius Kubilius leiab, et opositsioon soovis sellega tema juhitud valitsust kukutada, kuna Eligijus Masiulist peetakse valitsuse parimaks ministriks. Euroopa Parlamendi liikme Roland Paksase poolt alustatud kohtuasjast

  16. Ni rara, ni extraordinaria: política y corporalidad en Eva Perón

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Karina Elizabeth Vázquez

    2017-01-01

    This essay analyzes images and representations of Eva Perón combining theories of corporeality and affection with theories of the photo-image proposed by WJT Mitchell, Roland Barthes and Susan Sontag...

  17. Bibliografia

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Agamben 1996 Giorgio Agamben, Mezzi senza fine, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino. Atkinson 2015 Anthony B. Atkinson, What Can be Done?, Harvard University Press, Harvard. Austen 1995 Jane Austen, Orgoglio e pregiudizio [1813], BUR, Milano. Balzac 1994 Honoré de Balzac, Papà Goriot [1842], in La commedia umana [1841], Mondadori Milano. Barthes 2002 Roland Barthes, Elementi di semiologia [1964], Einaudi, Torino 2002. 1991 Roland Barthes, L’avventura semiologica [1966-1985], Einaudi, Tori...

  18. Nordic noir and lifted localities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    What I do here is to draw attention to a particular visual quality of recent Nordic noir and to relate the visuality of TV-drama to what I – with a term borrowed from Roland Robertson – dub lifted localites.......What I do here is to draw attention to a particular visual quality of recent Nordic noir and to relate the visuality of TV-drama to what I – with a term borrowed from Roland Robertson – dub lifted localites....

  19. EVALUASI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA ARAB DI STAIN PAMEKASAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maimun ---

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Evaluating study of arab Ianguage in STAIN Pamekasan represents one of the among study activity chain starts from study planning process, study execution and last is study evaluation. Evaluate at ability target (maharah language which must be evaluated, and also at elements (‘anashir language. As have been tolerated, that in arab Ianguage study at least there are four abilities (maharah which must be mastered by educative participant to get predicate that he is one who have ability in the arab Ianguage field. The Maharah is Maharah Istima'(ability to correct reading, maharah al-Kalam (ability to converse, maharah Kitabah (ability to write, and maharah al-Qiraah (ability to read. Methodologically, study evaluation process of arab Ianguage in STAIN Pamekasan researched by using the qualitative approach with research type of case which its target is all currator lecturers of Arab Ianguage subject. Research result is obtained as follows: a Step of assessment starting from preparation, execution, data-processing and follow-up, b evaluation form intended here is some instruments used by all lecturer to get information about college student efficacy, in STAIN Pamekasan the pattern mentioned becomes two, that is tes form and non tes form, c all lecturers more tend to using one approach of Ianguage tes, that is integrative approach

  20. PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM BOARDING SCHOOL DALAM PEMBINAAN MORAL SISWA DI SMA TARUNA INDONESIA PALEMBANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendriyenti H

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIndonesia nowadays faces some moral issues in teenagers scope or adult scope such as the use of drugs, violence, rascality, abortion, persecution, gambling, prostitution, and so on. Those problems are very danger for the country. Therefore, moral education is very important in this situation. The study was done at SMA Taruna Indonesia Palembang by the tittle: “the Implementation of boarding School Program for Students Moral education at SMA Taruna Indonesia Palembang”.Based on the result of the stuy, it was found that the implementation of boarding school program to educate students’moral at SMA Taruna Indonesia Palembang was applied throug dicipline implementation program and religion education program. Those two programs were applied by preventive and currative treatment. Moreover, there were some factors which support students’ moral education at SMA Taruna Indonesia Palembang such as students motivation, advisors dedication, 24 hours education and guidance, good coordination between advisors, teachers, securities, and other staff, and far location of boarding school from city center. As long as the teenager is an unstable period, there weremany difficulties in educate them. Finally,it is hoped that school stakeholders could improve the school management so that those difficulties could be solved and moral education could be applied.  Keywords: boarding school, morality building

  1. Pesan Sosial dalam Foto Jurnalistik (Analisis Semiotika dalam Buku ‘Jakarta Estetika Banal’, Bab I, III, V, dan VII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaka Priyo Nuswantara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the meaning of denotation and connotation, and social message in the book 'Aesthetics Jakarta Banal', Chapter I, III, V, and VII. The author uses the theory Semiotics of Roland Barthes. Where Semiotics of Roland Barthes uses two stages of analysis denotation and connotation. The research method used is a Roland Barthes semiotic analysis method on the basis that this study analyzes the messages conveyed in the book 'Aesthetics Jakarta Banal', which gives an explanation and overview of issues related to the formulation. Inferred outline text analysis results indicate that the social life of silence in the city with the concept of light to be seen. Of all the images examined, the object edges and political society into something dominant to be something that should be understood by the reader.

  2. Antimicrobial activity of plant essential oils against bacterial and fungal species involved in food poisoning and/or food decay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lixandru, Brînduşa-Elena; Drăcea, Nicoleta Olguţa; Dragomirescu, Cristiana Cerasella; Drăgulescu, Elena Carmina; Coldea, Ileana Luminiţa; Anton, Liliana; Dobre, Elena; Rovinaru, Camelia; Codiţă, Irina

    2010-01-01

    The currative properties of aromatic and medicinal plants have been recognized since ancient times and, more recently, the antimicrobial activity of plant essential oils has been used in several applications, including food preservation. The purpose of this study was to create directly comparable, quantitative data on the antimicrobial activity of some plant essential oils prepared in the National Institute of Research-Development for Chemistry and Petrochemistry, Bucharest to be used for the further development of food packaging technology, based on their antibacterial and antifungal activity. The essential oils extracted from thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.), basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), sage (Salvia officinalis L.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.), spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) and carraway (Carum carvi L.) were investigated for their antimicrobial activity against eleven different bacterial and three fungal strains belonging to species reported to be involved in food poisoning and/or food decay: S. aureus ATCC 25923, S. aureus ATCC 6538, S. aureus ATCC 25913, E. coli ATCC 25922, E. coli ATCC 35218, Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis Cantacuzino Institute Culture Collection (CICC) 10878, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19112, Bacillus cereus CIP 5127, Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, Candida albicans ATCC 10231, Aspergillus niger ATCC 16404, Penicillium spp. CICC 251 and two E. coli and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis clinical isolates. The majority of the tested essential oils exibited considerable inhibitory capacity against all the organisms tested, as supported by growth inhibition zone diameters, MICs and MBC's. Thyme, coriander and basil oils proved the best antibacterial activity, while thyme and spearmint oils better inhibited the fungal species.

  3. [Characteristics of treating dislocation and fracture of sacroiliac joint through anterior and posterior approches].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Xiao-Hai; Zhen, Ping; Gao, Ming-xuan; Wang, Jian-jun; Xue, Yun; Li, Meng; Deng, Xiao-wen; Li, Xu-sheng

    2013-12-01

    To investigate characteristics of treating dislocation and fracture of sacroiliac joint through anterior and posterior approaches. Between January 2006 and September 2012, 39 patients with dislocations and fractures of sacroiliac joint were treated with operation. There were 28 males and 11 females, aged 12 to 64 (mean, 41.3) years old. Seventeen cases were chosen through anterior approach, 13 cases through posterior and 9 cases were combined with anterior and posterior approaches. The anterior approach were made with supine position, performed open reduction, and two plates with 4 holes were used as internal fixation for arthrodesis of sacroiliac joint after reduction; while posterior approach prone position, close or open reduction was performed, and one or two partial thread lag screws, which with 7.3 mm in diameter and 60 to 75 mm in length, were penetrated via sacroiliac joint for fixation under X-ray. Postoperative complications were observed, Matta and Majeed scoring were used to evaluated currative effects. All patients were followed up from 6 to 36 months. The patient could sit on the bed 2 to 4 weeks after surgery and walk with a crane 6 weeks' later. No breakage or loosening of screw occurred during follow-up. In all but one case with old sacral iliac fractures reducted poor, others obtained good opposition. According to Matta's criteria, 30 cases got excellent results, 8 good and 1 fair. According to Majeed's funtional standard, 14 patients got excellent results, 20 good 4 fair and 1 poor. Treating dislocation and fracture of sacroiliac joint through anterior and posterior approaches can obtain good effects. However, anatomic location, fracture types, degree of displacement, the rate of preoperational reduction, vulnerability assessment of operation and fixation strength should be considered.

  4. Climatic change on earth - the planetary disease; Klimawandel auf der Erde - die planetare Krankheit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohl, H.; Kuehr, H. [Bundesministerium fuer Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, Berlin (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    At present the film of Roland Emmerich 'The day after tommorrow' causes a sensation. The scientific background of this horror scenario is quite serious. The climatic change can't be denied. Some examples like storms, floods and melting of glaciers and ice in polar regions are presented in this contribution. (GL) [German] Derzeit sorgt Roland Emmerichs 'The day after tomorrow' fuer Furore. Der wissenschaftliche Hintergrund dieses Horrorszenarios ist durchaus serioes. Denn dass sich unser Klima dramatisch wandelt, laesst sich nicht mehr bestreiten. (orig.)

  5. The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia: The War in Northern Laos, 1954-1973

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Bangkok, Col. Roland K. McCoskrie, believed the embassy would object to the proposal. The RTAF had furnished the first six T-28s and had not yet...systematically met After tallcing with Brig. Gen. George B. Simler , 2d Air Division Operations Chief, and Brig. Gen. Roddy Triantafellu, 2d Air...to influence those battles as well. All of this was anathema to the Air Force high command. (£ Col. Roland K. McGoskrie, commander of the 56th ACW

  6. Fotografía y realidad: notas para una fenomenología del cine documental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Dittus

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents, from the Roland Barthes's semiotic, the regimen oftruth that make documentary cinema and photography elements of the same conceptualterritory. This is a phenomenological proposal that, by extension, defines documentarycinema as part of a cinematographic specificity that moves between two thresholds: thehighly codified cinematographic language and the referential identification.

  7. Urban Noise and Strategies of Sound Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kreutzfeldt, Jacob

    2012-01-01

    What I attempt to present here may be understood as an attempt to comply with the appeal made by Roland Barthes in "Semiology and Urbanism": to multiply not only the functional studies of the city, but also, and not the least, the readings of the city. I will pursue the hypothesis that studies...

  8. Liimpuidu konkurentsitihedal turul jääb ellu vaid tugevaim / Annely Allik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allik, Annely

    2005-01-01

    Võrumaa ettevõtete TOP 50 3. koht. Liimpuitu tootva ettevõtte GM Panels OÜ juhataja Urmas Lillepalu sõnul jäävad tiheda konkurentsi tingimustes ellu vaid need, kes suudavad efektiivselt toota. Diagramm: GM Panelsi kasum suurenes üheksa korda. Vt. samas: Roland Luks. Edu aluseks õiged otsused

  9. Het vormen van ruimte: van Poincaré tot Perelman: vakantiecursus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Veen, R.

    2014-01-01

    Op de Vakantiecursus 2013 van het Platform Wiskunde Nederland geeft Roland van der Veen een kort overzicht van recente ontwikkelingen in het vakgebied van de (laagdimensionale) topologie. In 2003 bewees Grigori Perelman het Poincaré-vermoeden, een doorbraak zowel binnen als buiten de topologie. Aan

  10. Experiment list: SRX387193 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available er cell line LNCaP || cell type=LNCaP || transfection=no treatment || passage=14-17 || antibody=H3T6ph antibody (provided by Dr. Rola...nd Schüle's lab) http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyush

  11. Kas katastroofifilm saab tõeks? / Margot Wallström

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wallström, Margot

    2004-01-01

    Katastroofifilm "Päev pärast homset" ("The Day After Tomorrow") : režissöör Roland Emmerich : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2004. Euroopa Liidu keskkonnavolinik vaeb filmi sündmustiku võimalikkust kliima muutumise tagajärjel, mis omakorda sõltub suuresti riikide poliitilistest otsustest

  12. La vitalidad lingüística de la lengua ayuk o mixe en tres comunidades : Tamazulapam del Espíritu Santo, San Lucas Camotlán y San Juan Guichicovi /

    OpenAIRE

    Trujillo Tamez, Alma Isela

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctora en Lingüística presenta Alma Isela Trujillo Tamez ; asesor de tesis: Dr. Roland Terborg Schmidtxvi, 315 páginas : diagramas, mapasDoctorado en Lingüística UNAM, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 2012

  13. Etude de la Relation entre l'abondance des grands mammifères ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... grands mammifères frugivores et celle des fruits dans le Parc National de Moukalaba-Doudou, Gabon. Fred Loïque Mindonga Nguelet, Christophe Roland Zinga Koumba, Jacques François Mavoungou, Ephrem Nzengue, Etienne François Akomo-Okoue, Yoshihiro Nakashima, Shun Hongo, Ghislain Wilfried Ebang Ella, ...

  14. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lobo, JKK · Loto, CA · Loto, Cleophas A. Loto, Roland T. Loto, RT · Louzada, Marcel S. Loyson, P 1 - 50 of 57 Items 1 2 > >>. ISSN: 0379-4350. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use ...

  15. Identification of subgroups of inflammatory and degenerative MRI findings in the spine and sacroiliac joints: a latent class analysis of 1037 patients with persistent low back pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnbak, Bodil; Jensen, Rikke Krüger; Manniche, Claus

    2016-01-01

    findings' (n = 84). The two SIJ subgroups (Subgroups 4 and 5) had a higher median activity limitation score (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire calculated as a proportional score: 65 (IQR 48-78)/65 (48-78)) compared with Subgroups 1-3 (48 (35-74)/57 (39-74)/57 (39-74)), a higher prevalence of women (68...

  16. A case report: the first successful cochlear implant in Uganda.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Richard Byaruhanga1, J. Thomas Roland Jr.2, Gustav Buname1, Emily Kakande1,. Michael Awubwa1, Chris Ndorelire1, Justine Namwagala1. 1. Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University,. Kampala, Uganda. 2. Department of Otolaryngology, Professor and Chair, ...

  17. XX sajandi sümbol / Margus-Hans Kuuse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuuse, Margus-Hans

    2000-01-01

    Autost kui sajandi kultuurinähtusest. Ka disaini arengust, disaini alal edukatest maadest, disainereid. Prantsuse filosoof Roland Barthes Citro︠ni mudelist DS (esseekogu 'Mütoloogiad', 1957), tänapäeva autost kui kunagiste hiilgavate gooti katedraalide võrdkujust.

  18. Når kroppen flyder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rösing, Lilian Munk

    2013-01-01

    Rasmussen en grænsefigur; vi er i et univers hvor huden på én gang er under dannelse og opløsning. Kropsligheden hos Rasmussen indkredses dels med psykoanalytiske begreber om hud-jeg og abjektion, dels med Roland Barthes’ begreb om det metamentale. Afslutningsvis perspektiveres der til to andre eksempler i...

  19. The Myth in the Discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breen, Myles; Corcoran, Farrel

    Reflecting the ideas of Roland Barthes, this paper examines the nature and importance of myth as a type of speech. The investigation proceeds by discussing myth from the perspectives of both traditional and contemporary disciplines, then considers the universality of myth, its religious impulse, and its functions. Using examples from television…

  20. Cas Wepener

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    Dubbelfoto is die eerste kortverhaalbundel van die teoloog Cas Wepener wat tot dusver veral akademiese artikels en godsdienstige boeke geskryf het. Die bundel se titel gee besondere prominensie aan die gegewe van die foto ter- wyl die motto wat gehaal is uit Roland Barthes se Camera Lucida die aandag vestig op die ...

  1. Revision Hope: Writing Disruption in Composition Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Julie

    1997-01-01

    Uses Roland Barthes's metaphor of the "punctum" to explore the transformative potential of disruptions. Argues that writing teachers have been trained to read disruption in texts and classrooms as "evidence of poor taste or failed pedagogy," but that disruptions delay closure and thereby create spaces wherein theories and…

  2. No Child Left Behind and the Spectacle of Failing Schools: The Mythology of Contemporary School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granger, David A.

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses what David Berliner (2005) has called the perverse "spectacle of fear" (208) surrounding issues of teacher quality and accountability in contemporary school reform. Drawing principally on the critical semiotics of Roland Barthes' essay, "The World of Wrestling" (1957), it examines the way that this…

  3. Discovery of the Self through the Writing Process: Autobiography as a Heuristic of Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitts, Mary Ellen

    Although the recent thrust toward writing as interaction with a text has led to de-emphasis of personal-experience writing per se, autobiography, if approached in the context of textuality (in Roland Barthes's sense), can provide a model for writing as a means of discovering one's identity--of interacting with life as text and with the written…

  4. "Fare from the Madding Crowd": The Lighter Side of Error in Student Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughn, Gary; Wenner, Barbara

    1999-01-01

    Discusses two intriguing ways of explaining error in student writing--the work of Michel Foucault and the work of Roland Barthes. Describes in-class activities and essay assignments that use these perspectives to help students to reach improved understanding of error in writing. (SR)

  5. é é é egewens enis wat oordeels- s, uit hef- of onbe- g met In- ming ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    27 Jan 2006 ... van die belangstelling in die natuurweten- skappe gedurende die sewentiende eeu wat in wetenskaplike illustrasie en naturalisme gemanifesteer het. In Postmodernisme is die “plesier van die teks”, volgens Roland. Barthes onder andere, sigbaar in visuele tekste in merke, materiale en beelde; maar.

  6. Nouvelle Critique et dix-neuvieme siecle (New Criticism and the Nineteenth Century)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hytier, Jean

    1970-01-01

    Presents contrasting views of some French literary critics including Georges Poulet, Charles Mauron, Jean-Pierre Richard, Jean-Paul Weber, and Roland Barthes. Paper read at the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America (MLA) December 28, 1968 in New York, New York. (DS)

  7. A Semiotic Perspective on the Technical and Professional Writing Assignment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westmoreland, Kay

    1995-01-01

    Uses central ideas from Roland Barthes's essays on connotative semiotics as a rationale for directing students in technical and professional writing classes to develop the critical reflex to analyze and then make judgments about the values implied by connotative systems. (SR)

  8. Constructing an Ethical Writer for the Postmodern Scene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassett, Michael J.

    The advent of postmodern criticism has brought about numerous changes in the way those in the academy read and teach the reading of texts. From Michel Foucault's "What is an Author?" to Roland Barthes'"The Death of the Author" and beyond, critics and theorists have sought to decrease the author-ity of the material that is read.…

  9. Literary Theory and the Notion of Difficulty. Report Series 4.7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touponce, William

    The works of French literary theorists Jacques Lacan, Jacques Derrida, and Roland Barthes reflect a view of the text as the primary object of investigation for any discipline in the human sciences. Each of the three has been involved with pedagogical reforms within French cultural institutions: Derrida with the teaching of philosophy, Lacan with…

  10. The Body of Persuasion: A Theory of the Enthymeme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Jeffrey

    1994-01-01

    Examines the primary and not exclusively Aristotelian sources from which a more adequate concept of the enthymeme can be derived. Considers the relevance of that concept to the analysis of modern discourse. Analyzes works by Martin Luther King, Jr., and Roland Barthes as examples of enthymeming. (HB)

  11. Hermeneutic and Cultural Codes of S/Z: A Semiological Reading of James Joyce's "The Boarding House"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booryazadeh, Seyed Ali; Faghfori, Sohila; Shamsi, Habibe

    2014-01-01

    Roland Barthes as a fervent proponent of semiology believes that semiology is a branch of a comprehensive linguistics: it is the study of how language articulates the world. Semiotic codes, the paths of this articulation, accordingly underlie his attention. Barthes in a structural analysis of Balzac's "Sarrasine" in S/Z expounds five…

  12. Exploring the Aesthetics of Reconciliation: Rugby and the South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Turning to the great white South African ritual, rugby, this article probes the role of South Africa's national anthems in the elaborately staged and self-congratulatory global spectacle of the Rugby World Cup 1995 and the politics of nation building of which it became part. Following Roland Barthes' reading of Eisenstein film ...

  13. The U.S. Department of Defenses Earned Value ManagementAnalyst Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Stephanie Young, Daniel Tremblay , Roland J. Yardley The U.S. Department of Defense’s Earned Value Management–Analyst Workforce C O R P O R A T I O...Arena, James Dryden, Sean Robson, Daniel Tremblay , and Rachel Tesler, Developing and Vetting Earned Value Management (EVM) Competencies for Program

  14. Kas on õige aeg palka juurde küsida? / Melika Kiilmaa, Henri Lehtsaar, Katrin Talvak... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad EMT juriidilise osakonna juhataja Melika Kiilmaa, Sõbralt Sõbrale kaupluseketi arendaja ja Eesti kristliku juhtimiskonverentsi peakorraldaja Herni Lehtsaar, Estonian Airi turundusjuht Katrin Talvak, Swedbank Investeerimisfondide töötaja ja Taco Expressi omanik Jarno Edur, Arista HRS vanemkonsultant Roland Luik

  15. Riiklikud teenetemärgid narvakatele / Sergei Stepanov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stepanov, Sergei

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Narvskaja Gazeta 5. veebr., lk. 2. President Arnold Rüütel autasustab narvakatest ettevõtjaid Miroslaw Pienkowskit, Aleksandr Brokki, Narva Pensionäride Liidu esinaist Helga Mihelsoni, maavanemat Ago Sildet, kapten Vahur Murulaidi, Ida piirivalvepiirkonna ülemat Roland Peetsi ja Ida-Virumaa ühiskonnategelast Aleksandr Dusmani

  16. Riiklikud teenetemärgid narvakatele / Sergei Stepanov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stepanov, Sergei

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka Narvskaja Gazeta (2005/Feb/5) lk. 2. President Arnold Rüütel autasustab narvakatest ettevõtjaid Miroslaw Pienkowskit, Aleksandr Brokki, Narva Pensionäride Liidu esinaist Helga Mihelsoni, maavanemat Ago Sildet, kapten Vahur Murulaidi, Ida piirivalvepiirkonna ülemat Roland Peetsi ja Ida-Virumaa ühiskonnategelast Aleksandr Dusmani

  17. The Time Is Ripe (Again)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, Roland S.

    2013-01-01

    "It's always been a promising time for teacher leadership. It's just never been a successful time," writes noted educator Roland Barth. Why? Barth points to five obstacles: administrator resistance, the taboo in teaching against elevating oneself higher than one's peers, the fact that teachers' plates are full, the…

  18. Dr. Steve Thompson, Chief Executive, The Royal Society of New Zealand

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    L. to r.: Dr Austin Ball, Deputy Technical Coordinator, CMS experiment; Dr Roland Horisberger, Paul Scherrer Institute and CERN, CMS experiment; Dr Steve Thompson, Chief Executive, The Royal Society of New Zealand; Dr Michel Della Negra, Spokesman, CMS experiment and Dr Alick Macpherson, Paul Scherrer Institute and CERN, CMS experiment, in the CMS Silicon Tracker assembly hall.

  19. DIE SAGD - SY ONTSTAAN EN ONTWIKKELING

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    31 Okt 1977 ... Aktiewe Burgermag en 'n Kadetorganisasie, Die totstandkoming van die mediese diens is aan It- kol M,C, Roland (onder-sekretaris van Verdedi- ging) opgedra,. Die stigting van die SAGO is vergemaklik van- wee die feit dat daar reeds 3 mediese korpse (in. Transvaal, Natal en die Kaap) in die Unie was,.

  20. Scale insects from the Netherlands Antilles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reyne, A.

    1964-01-01

    The following species have been reported from the Netherlands’ Antilles: Margarodes formicarum Guilding, collected in 1884 or 1885 by Prof. W. F. R. Suringar in Curaçao; specimens in the State Museum of Natural History at Leiden. Protortonia cacti (Linn.), collected in 1756 by Daniel Rolander in St.

  1. Pathology Observed on Cone Beam Computed Tomographic Scans: A Comparison of Prevalence and Type of Incidental Findings for Child/Adolescents and Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-13

    maxillofacial radiologist. The CBCTs were read using Dolphin Software, because of its ease of use and availability in the radiology clinic, on a HP DC5850CMT...with cognitive impairment (Roland et al., 2008). Approximately 10% of children and 5% of normal healthy adults can be expected to present with

  2. Musical Hunger: A Philosophical Testimonial of Miseducation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laird, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Reflecting upon Simone Weil's conception of beauty as food, this essay proposes musical hunger as a metaphoric way of understanding a particular species of "cultural miseducation" as conceived by Jane Roland Martin, that disadvantages children musically and perhaps therefore also spiritually. It examines such musical miseducation with regard to an…

  3. Dood als spektakel in '2012': Voorstellingen van het einde in apocalyptische films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Copier, L.; Vander Stichele, C.

    2012-01-01

    This article uses ‘2012’ (Roland Emmerich, usa 2009) as starting point for an analysis of the role that death plays in apocalyptic films. After a brief discussion of the way this theme is treated in the cinema, the theme is examined from the perspective of film studies and biblical studies. Both

  4. “Oor monnemente gepraat”: Die Campanile in Port Elizabeth | Stoltz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The theoretical departure of our analysis is the five narrative codes identified by Roland Barthes in his unconventional reading of Sarrasine. The article shows ... The original symbolism of the monument as a symbol of colonial enterprise and white English-speaking South African identity is also deconstructed in the process.

  5. Kas Roger Federer suudab Rafael Nadali alistada ka Pariisis? / Maarja Värv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Värv, Maarja

    2007-01-01

    Prantsusmaa lahtiste tennisemeistrivõistluste eel on paljude jaoks suurim küsimus, kas maailma esinumber Roger Federer suudab lõpuks võita ka Roland Garros' esikoha ning astuda sammu suure slämmi suunas. Vt. samas: Maret Ani põhiturniirile ei pääsenud

  6. The EEG in psychiatry: commentary | Eastman | African Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal of Psychiatry. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 7, No 2 (2004) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. The EEG in psychiatry: commentary. Roland Eastman. Full Text: EMAIL FREE ...

  7. European Consciousness: Towards Defining a Complex Concept and Its Educational Significance (Europaisches Bewusstsein: Zur Definition Eines Vielschichtigen Begriffes und Seiner Bildungstheoretischen Bedeutung)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobst, Solvejg

    2005-01-01

    The present study aims at a definition of "European consciousness". In particular, it draws on Henri Tajfel's theory of social identity as well as Roland Wakenhut's and Jutta Gallenmuller's moral determination of national consciousness. European consciousness is then defined as a sense of belonging which, depending on certain…

  8. Cultural Resources Survey at Vacherie Revetment (M-150.3 to 150.0-R), St. James Parish, Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    portion of the project area apparently was made to Francisco Dominique Leboeuf. At some point in time, the land passed from Leboeuf to Thomas Bourg...Pierce Roland 1972 A History of the South. Fourth edition. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. Sitterson, J. Caryle 1953 Sugar Country: The Cane Sugar

  9. Lühike sissevaade hääle problemaatikasse / Viivian Jõemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõemets, Viivian

    2006-01-01

    Arendatakse edasi Roland Barthesѫi väidet, mille kohaselt ei kuulu hääl ühegi teadusvaldkonna kompetentsi. Käsitletakse mõisteid keel, hääl, kiri ja tähendus ning vaadeldakse nendevahelisi seoseid

  10. Effect of vertical oscillatory pressure on disability of patients with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of vertical oscillatory pressure on disability of patients with chronic mechanical low back pain using Roland Morris Disability questionnaire. ... VOP was then administered to each patient twice in a week for 6 weeks making 12 treatment sessions. Pain intensity and disability were assessed regularly every week of ...

  11. Королевские игры / Тамара Унанова

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Унанова, Тамара 1951-

    2009-01-01

    19. nov. Tallinnas Nokia kontserdimajas etendunud rahvusvahelisest balletiprogrammist "Tantsukuningad - Kings of Dance maailmatuur 2009". Käesoleva tuuri eripäraks on uus programm, millesse kuuluvad Nacho Duato, Jose Limoni, Frederick Ashtoni, Gabriel Faure, Christopher Wheeldoni, Roland Petit, Leonid Jakobsoni, Boris Eifmani tööd. Produtsent Sergei Daniljan

  12. Synthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Evaluations of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MBI

    2014-06-05

    Jun 5, 2014 ... Cheng et al, 2004), anti-obesity (Ming et al, 2010), for the treatment of Alzeimer's disease (Sadashiva et al, 2006), potent MC4-receptor (Dai et al, 2007), drug designer with serotnergic properties (Roland et al, 2004), potent dopamine uptake inhibitors. (Makoto et al, 2004), etc. Piperazine derivatives of.

  13. Classification of Battlespace Detonations from Temporally Resolved Multi-Band Imagery and Mid-Infrared Spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    from Kuwaiti oil fires using a modeling approach," Atmos.Environ. 28 (13), 2175-2196 (1994). 13 Jeffery T. McQueen and Roland R. Draxler, "Evaluation...table. http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/form-ser.html. 18 October 2004. 36 Michael Hoke and Karen Doherty, “MODTRAN 4 Software,” http

  14. Usuteaduskonnas kaitsti kaks doktoritööd / Merje Talvik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talvik, Merje, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli usuteaduskonnas kaitsesid doktoritöö Roland Karo teemal "Eros ja müstika. Kas müstilised teadvusseisundid on seksuaalsete reaktsioonide evolutsioonilised kõrvalproduktid?" ja Olga Schihalejev teemal "Eesti noored, religioon ja religioosne mitmekesisus: isiklikud suhtumised ja kooli roll"

  15. 75 FR 28306 - Excepted Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    ... MANAGEMENT Excepted Service AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This... excepted service as required by 5 CFR 213.103. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Roland Edwards, Senior Executive Resource Services, Employee Services, 202-606-2246. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Appearing in the...

  16. 75 FR 3947 - Excepted Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-25

    ... MANAGEMENT Excepted Service AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This... excepted service as required by 5 CFR 213.103. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Roland Edwards, Senior Executive Resource Services, Employee Services, 202-606-2246. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Appearing in the...

  17. Raadioteatri looming juubelieelsel aastal / Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Madis, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Raadioteatris 2007. aastal välja tulnud kuuest uuest kuuldemängust: Roland Schimmelpfennigi "Araabia öö", Aleksander Alleni "Elu sees", Aare Toikka viieosaline järjelugu "Kroonu", Mart Kivastiku "Nokia", Eva Östergreni "Tüdrukud", Üllar ja Rünno Saaremäe viieosaline lastelugu "Käpipuu vennaskond"

  18. South African Journal of Chemistry - Vol 70 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of benzamide on the corrosion inhibition of mild steel in sulphuric acid · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Cleophas A. Loto, Roland T. Loto, Olufunmilayo O. Joseph, 38-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/0379-4350/2017/v70a6 ...

  19. 1967: The Birth of "The Death of the Author"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logie, John

    2013-01-01

    Roland Barthes's "The Death of the Author" is a foundational text for scholars who are addressing questions of authorship and textual ownership in English studies and its neighboring disciplines. Barthes's essay is typically presented without significant attention to the circumstances and context surrounding its initial English…

  20. 182 L'erotisme Dans Uwaoma Et Le Beau Monde D'ifeoma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    Roland. Barthes). L'érotisme est souvent associé à la stimulation de l'imagination provoquée par la vue d'une autre personne. Voilà pourquoi il arrive parfois qu'un individu trouvera séduisante, ou érotique, une personne dont les habits sont courts ...

  1. Wallace Stevens: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borroff, Marie, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Marie Borroff, Wallace Stevens, Joseph N. Riddle, Hi Simons, Sister M. Bernetta Quinn, C. Roland Wagner, Harold Bloom, Ralph J. Mills, Jr., Roy Harvey Pearce, Louis L. Martz, Morton Dauwen Zabel, and Northrop Frye--all…

  2. Plaadid : Pop& rock. Etno. Klassika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Radiohead "I Might Be Wrong", Spears, Britney "Britney", Mick Jagger "Goddess In The Doorway", DMX "The Great Depression", Alcazar "Casino", Ben & Jason "Ten Songs About You", Rachid Taha "Live", ABBA "The Definitive Collection", James Last "Plays ABBA Greatest Hits", Musica Fiata Köln/Roland Wison "Rosenmüller-Requiem"

  3. 28. X toimub Tartu Kunstimuuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Projekti "Karin Luts. Konfliktid ja pihtimused" raames ja koostöös Umea ülikooliga toimuva ettekannete päeva kava. Esinevad Hannes Varblane, Roland Spolander, Irja Bergström, Ann-Catrine Eriksson, Linnea Axelsson, Kristi Burman, Reet Varblane, Katrin Kivimaa

  4. Ettekanded Karin Lutsust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Kunstnikule pühendatud näituse raames peetaval konverentsil esinevad Hannes Varblane, Roland Spolander, Irja Bergström, Ann-Catrine Eriksson, Linnea Axelsson, Kristi Burman, Reet Varblane ja Katrin Kivimaa. Ettekanded ilmuvad kogumikus "Vormides ruumi ja ajalugu"

  5. No Such Thing as a Consensus: Olive Banks and the Sociology of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delamont, Sara

    2008-01-01

    The title of this article comes from the editorial written for this journal by Olive Banks, Len Barton, Roger Dale, David Hargreaves, Roland Meighan, Ivan Reid and Graham Vulliamy (Banks et al. 1980, 4) that appeared in its first issue, and set out its remit. The seven scholars who wrote that editorial pledged to "publish high quality work of…

  6. The effect of changing movement and posture using motion-sensor biofeedback, versus guidelines-based care, on the clinical outcomes of people with sub-acute or chronic low back pain-a multicentre, cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled, pilot trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kent, Peter; Laird, Robert; Haines, Terry

    2015-01-01

    -sensors without biofeedback) plus guidelines-based medical or physiotherapy care. Primary outcomes were self-reported pain intensity (VAS) and activity limitation (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS)), all on 0-100 scales. Both groups received 6-8 treatment...

  7. What to do with your chemical waste ?

    CERN Multimedia

    Roland Magnier/SC

    2004-01-01

    For any type and quantity of chemical waste, please contact phone number 16 0879 or 16 3315 for the collection and safe elimination. The quality and the safety of our environment is our own responsibility. Let's do it. Roland Magnier/SC-GS

  8. Instructional Control of Cognitive Load in the Design of Complex Learning Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Kester, Liesbeth; Paas, Fred; Van Merriënboer, Jeroen

    2010-01-01

    Kester, L., Paas, F., & Van Merriënboer, J. J. G. (2010). Instructional control of cognitive load in the design of complex learning environments. In J. L. Plass, R. Moreno, & Roland Brünken (Eds.), Cognitive Load Theory (pp. 109-130). New York: Cambridge University Press.

  9. Gaucho Gazette: Speech and Sensationalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto José Ramos

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The Gaucho Gazette presents itself as a “popular newspaper”. Attempts to produce a denial about his aesthetic tabloid. Search only say that discloses what happens, as if the media were merely a reflection of society. This paper will seek to understand and explain your Sensationalism, through their speeches. Use for both, semiology, Roland Barthes, in their possibilities transdisciplinary.

  10. “Oor monnemente gepraat”: Die Campanile in Port Elizabeth | Stoltz ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this article we undertake a semiotic reading of the Campanile Clock Tower Monument in Port Elizabeth. The monument was built in 1920 to commemorate the arrival of the British Settlers in 1820. The theoretical departure of our analysis is the five narrative codes identified by Roland Barthes in his unconventional reading ...

  11. Gaucho Gazette: Speech and Sensationalism

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto José Ramos

    2013-01-01

    The Gaucho Gazette presents itself as a “popular newspaper”. Attempts to produce a denial about his aesthetic tabloid. Search only say that discloses what happens, as if the media were merely a reflection of society. This paper will seek to understand and explain your Sensationalism, through their speeches. Use for both, semiology, Roland Barthes, in their possibilities transdisciplinary.

  12. Süstakangelased! 36 tundi merel : eestlased aerutasid Eestist Rootsi / Allar Viivik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viivik, Allar

    2008-01-01

    Viis aerutajat - Mart Reimann, Andres Kaju, Roland Müür, Sixten Kerge ja Indrek Alas startisid Hiiumaalt Ristnast süstateekonnaks Rootsi. 170 kilomeetrine teekond üle Läänemere lõppes 36 tundi hiljem Svenska Högarna saarel

  13. Playing the Indicator Game : Reflections on Strategies to Position an STS Group in a Multi-disciplinary Environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.A. Bal (Roland)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractRoland Bal analyzes the strategies his research group developed to deal with the interlinked dynamics of research evaluation in a multi-disciplinary institutional environment characteristic of much STS research. Scholars in such environments constantly need to navigate and

  14. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    than the surrounding countryside and the larger they are, the bigger the difference. In a city, although heating, air-conditioning and transport, all produce energy, this is surprisingly small component of their heat balance - only about 50W m2 (Roland, 2010). The amount of energy stored is a function of the mass and heat ...

  15. SJP0704Pg001ED

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    ECT) in 1938 it was the only effective treatment available for mania and depression.1 Although ECT was found to be very effective, the introduction of imipramine by Roland Kuhn in 1957 led to a considerable decline in the use of ECT. In the.

  16. Hegemooniline tähistamisprotsess fotograafias / Andreas Ventsel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ventsel, Andreas, 1976-

    2010-01-01

    Analüüsitakse "rahva" kujutamist Stalini-aja Nõukogude Eesti meedias ilmunud fotodel ja kuidas võimusuhe fotodel on konstrueeritud. Käsitletakse Tartu-Moskva kultuurisemiootika ja Essexi dikursuseteoreetilisi ideid, Roland Barthes'i ja visuaalretoorika fotograafiaalaseid seisukohti kui analüüsimeetodeid, mille tulemusena eristatakse neli hegemoonilist tähistamisstrateegiat fotograafias

  17. Barthesova sémiotika obrazu

    OpenAIRE

    STUDENÝ, Dominik

    2015-01-01

    Thesis will deal with the semiotics of visual communication, as was thematised in the work of Roland Barthes. It introduces Barthes's considerations regarding the "speech" and "rhetoric" visual sign, its structure and possible manipulative mechanisms of its functioning. On this basis will analyze selected visual message appearing in the culture of the twentieth and early twenty-first century.

  18. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Nils Stelzer. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 34 Issue 1 February 2011 pp 19-23. Effect of temperature and time on solvothermal synthesis of tetragonal BaTiO3 · Amir Habib Nils Stelzer Paul Angerer Roland Haubner · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  19. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Paul Angerer. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 34 Issue 1 February 2011 pp 19-23. Effect of temperature and time on solvothermal synthesis of tetragonal BaTiO3 · Amir Habib Nils Stelzer Paul Angerer Roland Haubner · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  20. The Apache Campaigns. Values in Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-06-01

    baskets, ears of corn were tied together by the husks , and then the harvest was carried on the backs of ponies up to our homes. Here the corn was...32925 7. COL Shirley Bach P.O. Box N Cocoa Beach, Florida 32925 8. LTC Roland E. Stewart 1400 South Joyce Street, B-1501 Arlington, Virginia 22202 L% d6* ’𔃾

  1. 75 FR 67095 - Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    ... the CCP and EIS can be sent by U.S. Mail, facsimile, or e-mail to Laurie Shannon, Planning Team Leader... following locations: Library Address Phone number Garfield County 228 E. Main, Jordan, (406) 557-2297 MT...-- Roland R. Renne (406) 994-3171 Bozeman. Library, Centennial Mall, Bozeman, MT 59717. Montana State...

  2. Juudi naise pilt purustas hinnarekordi / Eda Post

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Post, Eda, 1983-

    2006-01-01

    Miljardär Roland Lauderile kuuluv New Yorgi saksa ja austria kunsti muuseum Neue Galerie ostis 135 miljoni dollari eest austria kunstniku Gustav Klimti õlimaali "Kuldne Adele" Adele Bloch-Bauerist. Lähemalt maali valmimisest ja saatusest. Bloch-Baueri kunstikogu saatusest

  3. Not cool with cooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blain, Barry

    2010-09-01

    I confess that I may have missed the point of Roland Ennos's article "Urban cool" (August pp22-25), which describes methods of cooling cities by mitigating and reversing the effect of solar heating and includes an illustration of "evapotranspiration" in, of all places, Greater Manchester.

  4. Hennie Aucamp

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    'n relevante diskografie en die leser word dik- wels verwys na die Universiteit van Stellen- bosch se dokumentesentrum vir verdere in- ligting. Terloops, dit is David (nie Dawid nie). Kramer; Barbra Streisand (nie Barbara nie). Waarom word Roland Barthes in Nederlands siteer (139)? Hy is immers Frans; vertaal dan.

  5. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    30 mars 2016 ... Synchronous bilateral breast cancer and pregnancy: about 3 cases at Joliot. Curie institute of Dakar (Senegal). Nayi Zongo1, Yobi Alexis Sawadogo2, Some Ollo Roland Some3, Sidpawalmdé Carine Bagre4,&, Sidy Ka4, Doudou Diouf4, Mamadou. Moustapha Dieng4, Papa Macoumba Gaye4, Ahmadou ...

  6. Black Superintendents of Selected American Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negro History Bulletin, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Presents photographs of 12 Black superintendents of urban school districts. They are: J. Jerome Harris, Ronald Lewis, Willie W. Herenton, Robert R. Wheeler, Alonzo A. Crim, Roland N. Patterson, Jean Franklin Emmons, Charles R. Thomas, Richard C. Hunter, Arthur Jefferson, Ulysses Byas, and Howard E. White, Sr. (GC)

  7. Piirivalve : radar piiritusevoolikut ei püüa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Piirivalvet kritiseeriti selle eest, et see ei märganud salapiirituse veoks paigaldatud voolikut Narva veehoidlas. Ida-Viru piirkonnaülema Roland Peetsi sõnul ei ole ükski radar võimeline fikseerima liikumist vee all

  8. 156 -- 15 Dec 2009 [final version].indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    15 Des 2009 ... Julia Kristeva; Roland. Barthes; J-F. Lyotard; Jesus as saviour. Dates: Received: 25 Feb. 2009. Accepted: 16 July 2009. Published: 03 Sept. 2009. How to cite this article: Van Aarde, A.G., 2009,. 'Intertekstualiteit. – ensiklopedie en argeologie: Matteus se voorstelling van Jesus as redder', HTS Teologiese.

  9. Illness, everyday life and narrative montage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Nina; Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine; Hansen, Helle Ploug

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a study of Sara Bro's Diary (2004), a book montage of images and texts recording the experiences of a Danish breast cancer survivor, Sara Bro. It examines two montages of photography and text, drawing on Roland Barthes' concept of 'the third meaning' to explain and discuss t...

  10. Some Thoughts on "Cultural Variation and Dominance in a Globalised Knowledge-Economy"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Gentry, Marcia

    2012-01-01

    To view giftedness research in a global context is an important and desirable attempt. Roland S. Persson (2012a), in the target article entitled Cultural Variation and Dominance in a Globalised Knowledge-Economy: Towards a Cultural-Sensitive Research Paradigm in the Science of Giftedness, delivers thought-provoking views in the cultural influences…

  11. A tool for surveying The Landscape: report on work in progress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacky Bowring

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available When searching the journal, The Landscape, for evidence of the picturesque, I was thwarted by its covert existence. The conventions of the picturesque are naturalised and taken for granted, reflecting Roland Barthes' concept of myth. Barthes' identification of denotation and connotation as the basis of myth were the foundation for the development of my research tool, the L-diagram.

  12. No Tail for the Strategic Dog: Marginalization of Logistics during Operation Torch, Invasion of North Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    of the Chief of Military History, 1966), 429. 21Meyer, 176-179. 22Jerome G. Peppers , History of United States Military Logistics 1935-1985...discipline, knowledge, 40Huston; Leighton and Coakley; Peppers ; Roland G. Ruppenthal, Logistical...no longer distance itself from civil institutions and that it needed to cultivate civil-military relations to ensure adequate production. Numerous

  13. Lavaka lõpetajate pink on pikk / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    Kevadel lavakunstikooli lõpetavate tudengite lavastusest "Pikk pink" , mis koosneb kuuest lühiloost - Mait Jooritsa "Kantani padi", Kristjan Üksküla "Jääger" ja "Albioni tütar", Roland Laosi "Genees ja katastroof", Hendrik Toompere jun. jun. "Karupoeg Puhh" ja Kerttu Moppeli " Leib!". Etendused toimuvad Hobuveskis

  14. Ära kosi Pikka: Pikk läheb pingile magama / Meelis Oidsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oidsalu, Meelis, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    Kevadel lavakunstikooli lõpetavate tudengite lavastusest "Pikk pink" , mis koosneb kuuest lühiloost - Mait Jooritsa "Kantani padi", Kristjan Üksküla "Jääger" ja "Albioni tütar", Roland Laosi "Genees ja katastroof", Hendrik Toompere jun. "Karupoeg Puhh" ja Kerttu Moppeli " Leib!". Esietendus 23. nov. Hobuveskis

  15. The EEG in psychiatry

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adele

    2004-05-20

    May 20, 2004 ... 13th National Psychiatry Congress. The EEG in psychiatry. Roland Eastman. Division of Neurology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa orders. Epilepsy is primarily a clinical diagnosis, but the EEG may provide strong support by the finding of inter-ictal epi- leptogenic discharges and also be ...

  16. Dysfunction of the heteromeric KV7.3/KV7.5 potassium channel is associated with autism spectrum disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mette Gilling; Rasmussen, Hanne Borger; Callø, Kirstine

    2013-01-01

    ) translocation truncating KCNQ3 in a boy with childhood autism. In addition, we identified a c.1720C¿>¿T [p.P574S] nucleotide change in three unrelated individuals with childhood autism and no history of convulsions. This nucleotide change was previously reported in patients with rolandic epilepsy or IGE and has...

  17. The Aims of Education and the Leap of Freedom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, SunInn

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the place of freedom in discussions of the aims of education. Bearing in mind remarks of R.S. Peters to the affect that the singling out of aims can "fall into the hands of rationalistically minded curriculum planners", it begins by considering the views of Roland Reichenbach regarding Bildung and his account of this…

  18. A Distinction between Emic Research and Etic Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, James J.

    2012-01-01

    Roland S. Persson (2012a) has made a significant contribution to the literature in pointing out the potential for cultural bias in the body of research related to gifted and talented. He encourages a distinction between emic research, where the results are limited to a particular culture and etic research, where the results can be generalised to…

  19. RASISME DALAM FILM 99 CAHAYA DI LANGIT EROPA PART 1 (ANALISIS SEMIOTIKA DALAM FILM 99 CAHAYA DI LANGIT EROPA PART 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vallen Nur Rita

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Stereotip merupakan pernyataan negatif dari prasangka. Prasangka inilah yang kemudian dijadikan alasan untuk melakukan diskriminasi terhadap kelompok rasial tertentu. Stereotip dan prasangka kemudian merujuk pada suatu paham yang mempercayai adanya superioritas yang menolak adanya kesetaraan manusia yaitu rasisme. Perilaku maupun tindakan rasisme tersebut banyak muncul dalam beberapa scene film 99 Cahaya Di Langit Eropa Part 1. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana simbol-simbol digunakan untuk menggambarkan rasisme di dalam film 99 Cahaya Di Langit Eropa Part 1. Metode yang digunakan oleh peneliti adalah semiotika Roland Barthes. Model Roland Barthes terdiri dari tiga tahap analisis yaitu denotasi, konotasi, mitos. Peneliti melakukan analisis menggunakan tanda verbal dan nonverbal yang terdapat dalam film “99 Cahaya di Langit Eropa Part 1”. Dalam menganalisis film 99 Cahaya di Langit Eropa Part 1, dikelompokkan menjadi beberapa kategori yang berhubungan dengan perilaku rasisme, antara lain : stereotip, prasangka, diskriminasi

  20. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS Abuêndia Padilha Pinto Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br Eneida Leal Cunha Universidade Federal da Bahia eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br leal@ufba.br João Azenha Júnior Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br José Luiz Fiorin Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br Leonor Scliar-Cabral Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br Maria do Socorro Silva de Aragão Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br Maria Helena Mira Mateus Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt Marcia Arbex Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br Roland Walter Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@rotmail.com Maria Esther Maciel Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais memaciel@yahoo.com.br Solange Coelho Vereza Universidade Federal Fluminense svereza@uol.com.br

  1. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br leal@ufba.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi @uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@rotmail.com MARIA ESTHER MACIEL Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais memaciel@yahoo.com.br SOLANGE COELHO VEREZA Universidade Federal Fluminense svereza@uol.com.br

  2. ELECTIONS TO THE SENIOR STAFF ADVISORY COMMITTEE 2001 ('THE NINE')

    CERN Document Server

    Rob RAYSON

    2001-01-01

    The votes for the above-mentioned elections were counted in public on Monday, 18 June 2001 at 5 p.m. The results are as follows : Voting roll 545 Envelopes returned by deadline 369 (68%) Invalid votes 6 Blank 5 Valid votes 358 Electoral Group Name Votes Group 1 Philippe BLOCH  Hans DIJKSTRA 202  161 Group 2 Philippe CHARPENTIER  Roland GAROBY Jean-Paul GRILLET Jean-Pierre KOUTCHOUK Ernst RADERMACHER Florence RANJARD Hermann SCHMICKLER Detlef SWOBODA 97  138 30 58 68 113 88 39 The following persons are elected : Two in Group 1 : Philippe BLOCH/EP and Hans DIJKSTRA/EP. Two in Group 2 : Roland GAROBY/PS and Florence RANJARD/EP. Their mandates are for three years. The Committee now consists of these newly-elected members together with T. Camporesi, J. Cuthbert, M. Mayoud, W. von Rueden and P. Strubin.

  3. Considerações sobre as relações entre autoria, dança, cinema e videodança | Considerations on the relationship between authorship, dance, film and videodance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Cerbino

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Este texto parte das aproximações entre dança, videodança e cinema para discutir a questão de autoria. A partir de uma breve historiografia desses fazeres artísticos, aponta possíveis entendimentos para os desdobramentos atuais acerca do hibridismo nas artes, e as perspectivas de Vilem Flusser, Roland Barthes e Walter Benjamim para se pensar a obra de arte. Palavras-chave autoria; dança; cinema; videodança. Abstract This text looks into the similarities among dance, videodance and cinema to discuss the matter of authorship. From a brief historiography of these artistic manifestations, it suggests possible understandings of hybridity on current developments in the arts, and the perspectives of Vilem Flusser, Roland Barthes and Walter Benjamin to think about the art work. Keywords authorship; dance; cinema; videodance.

  4. MITOS DAN HIPERREALITAS KOMUNIKASI POLITIK (Studi Iklan Pemilu Jusuf Kalla-Wiranto Versi Humble dan Mampu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anang Masduki

    2016-02-01

    Salah satu elemen politik dalam demokrasi modern adalah merebaknya iklan politik. Dalam pemilu 2009 di Indonesia salah satu pasangan yaitu Jusuf Kalla dan Wiranto juga melakukan iklan khususnya di televisi. Hal ini dilakukan untuk mendongkrak popularitas dan elektabilitasnya demi memenangkan pemilu. Di dalam iklan tersebut terdapat mitos dan hiperrealitas. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengungkap mitos dan hiperrealitas yang ada dalam iklan dengan judul “humble” dan “mampu” milik pasangan tersebut. Adapun metode yang digunakan adalah teori semiotika Roland Barthes. dengan pendekatan dua tahap yang dipopulerkan oleh Roland Barthes, makna konotasi dan makna denotasi, pengungkapan makna simbol-simbol dalam iklan akan semakin mencolok. Dari analisis didapat bahwa frase negarawan dan merakyat menjadi fokus mitos dan hiperrealitas yang dilakukan oleh Jusuf Kalla dan Wiranto dalam iklannya.

  5. Adding chiropractic to standard medical therapy for nonspecific low back pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goertz, Christine M; Long, Cynthia R; Hondras, Maria

    2013-01-01

    Study Design. Randomized controlled trial.Objective. To assess changes in pain levels and physical functioning in response to standard medical care (SMC) versus SMC plus chiropractic manipulative therapy (CMT) for the treatment of low back pain (LBP) among 18 to 35-year-old active-duty military....... The primary outcome measures were changes in back-related pain on the numerical rating scale and physical functioning at 4 weeks on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and back pain functional scale (BPFS).Results. Mean Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire scores decreased in both groups during...... physical functioning when compared with only standard care, for men and women between 18 and 35 years of age with acute LBP....

  6. Representasi Perempuan Dalam Film (Analisis Semiotika Representasi Perempuan Dalam Film “Fifty Shades of Grey”)

    OpenAIRE

    Aviomeita, Friska

    2016-01-01

    This study entitled "Representation of Women In Film ( Roland Barthes Semiotics Analysis In the film Fifty Shades of Grey ) " . The purpose of this study to find out how women are represented in the film " Fifty Shades of Grey " by denotation , connotation and myths . Film has always influenced and shaped the public based on the contents of the message behind it. Messages or values contained in the film may affect the audience. In this study, researchers used several theorie...

  7. Impacts des actions anthropiques sur les zones humides de la ville ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 mars 2016 ... Douala et solutions de gestion durable : cas de la rivière Kondi. 9423. Impacts des actions anthropiques sur les zones humides de la ville de Douala et solutions de gestion durable : cas de la rivière Kondi. Nwamo Roland Didier*1,3, Ba'ana Etoundi Marie Louise2, Tchoumbougnang François1,3, Dibong ...

  8. Prepare the Army for War. A Historical Overview of the Army Training and Doctrine Command, 1973 - 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    ongoing in earnest: night vision thermal imagery ; short range air defense and the French-German ROLAND missile; the ribbon bridge; common features for... Music , Norfolk, Va.; and the U.S. Army Institute for Military Assistance at Fort Bragg, N.C. TRADOC also commanded, through the installations involved...of Defense and Transportation to order to active duty units and individual members of the Selected Reserve. The caliup allowed for the involuntary

  9. Mytologie v Krimi zprávách televize Prima

    OpenAIRE

    Houdková, Martina

    2017-01-01

    This master's thesis examines Czech TV news called "Crime News", that is broadcasted by TV Prima. Method of mythological semiotic analysis was chosen for this paper and it refers to work of Roland Barthes. Crime News (their three-month period) were examined not only from the perspective of lexical and visual point of view but as a complex communicate. This helped to uncover mythological structures, persuasiveness and other phenomena. In the beginning of this thesis theoretical concepts are ex...

  10. Vene RTS pürib kõrgustesse / Annika Matson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matson, Annika, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa aktsiaturg on augustis tõusnud rekordtasemele, tõusu põhjustest. Vene investeerimispanga Renaissance Capital peaanalüütik Roland Nash loodab, et 2005. aasta lõpuks ületab Vene börsiindeks RTS 1000 punkti taseme. Diagrammid: Vene RTS-indeksis on suurim Lukoil. Vt. samas: Eestlased panevad ühe tehinguga Vene aktsiatese pool miljonit krooni

  11. A rapid one-step kinetics-based immunoassay procedure for the highly-sensitive detection of C-reactive protein

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Sandeep Kumar Vashist, Gregor Czilwik, Thomas van Oordt, Felix von Stetten, Roland Zengerle, E. Marion Schneider & John H.T. Luong ### Abstract A rapid one-step kinetics-based sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) procedure has been developed for highly-sensitive detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) in less than 30 min. With minimal process steps, the procedure is highly simplified and cost-effective. The analysis only involves sequentially the formation of a sandwic...

  12. Temporal Network Analysis of Literary Texts

    OpenAIRE

    Prado, Sandra D.; Dahmen, Silvio R.; Bazzan, Ana L. C.; Mac Carron, Padraig; Kenna, Ralph

    2016-01-01

    We study temporal networks of characters in literature focusing on "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" (1865) by Lewis Carroll and the anonymous "La Chanson de Roland" (around 1100). The former, one of the most influential pieces of nonsense literature ever written, describes the adventures of Alice in a fantasy world with logic plays interspersed along the narrative. The latter, a song of heroic deeds, depicts the Battle of Roncevaux in 778 A.D. during Charlemagne's campaign on the Iberian Pe...

  13. Rare genetic risk factors in common idiopathic epilepsy syndromes

    OpenAIRE

    Lal, Dennis

    2013-01-01

    Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures due to increased neuronal hyperexcitability and abnormal synchronization. I have explored the genetic architecture of the most common types of idiopathic epilepsies, the idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs) and the spectrum of idiopathic focal epilepsies related to rolandic epilepsies (REs). Both groups are distinguishable by the leading seizure types, age-dependent onset and electroen...

  14. Automatic Algorithm Selection for Complex Simulation Problems

    CERN Document Server

    Ewald, Roland

    2012-01-01

    To select the most suitable simulation algorithm for a given task is often difficult. This is due to intricate interactions between model features, implementation details, and runtime environment, which may strongly affect the overall performance. An automated selection of simulation algorithms supports users in setting up simulation experiments without demanding expert knowledge on simulation. Roland Ewald analyzes and discusses existing approaches to solve the algorithm selection problem in the context of simulation. He introduces a framework for automatic simulation algorithm selection and

  15. Why Net Domestic Product Should Replace Gross Domestic Product as a Measure of Economic Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Roland Spant

    2003-01-01

    In the third article, Roland Spant, a Swedish trade union economist, argues that Net Domestic Product (NDP) should replace GDP as a measure of economic growth for a number of purposes. The key difference between GDP and NDP is depreciation. With the shift in investment toward information technology assets with relatively short service lives, the share of depreciation in GDP has increased in most OECD countries and GDP growth now exceeds NDP growth. Spant points out that this means that the us...

  16. Low back pain after spinal fusion and Harrington instrumentation for idiopathic scoliosis

    OpenAIRE

    Niemeyer, Thomas; Bövingloh, Albert Schulze; Grieb, Sarah; Schaefer, Jürgen; Halm, Henry; Kluba, Torsten

    2004-01-01

    We reviewed 41 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with spinal fusion and Harrington instrumentation between 1973 and 1992. The mean follow-up was 23 (11–30) years. All patients completed self-administered questionnaires, Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Score (ODS), Roland Morris score (RLS), and Visual Analog Pain Intensity Scale (VAS). We found a high degree of satisfaction with more than three quarters of the patients in work. The outcome of ODS, RLS, and VAS showed low...

  17. Elupäästjate lood ja päästeteenistuse aumärkide saajad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Septembris 2001 aumärgid saanud päästjate nimekirjad. Pikemalt on kirjutatud järgmistest päästjatest: Aivar Issaev, Sulev Kase, Nail Beljalov, Lea Bärenson, Maidu Eru, Viktor Perets, Dmitri Bažura, Tarmo Klooster, Andres Leppenen, Tarmo Voltein, Karl Koort, Agu Annuk, Tiit Naan, Aare Ilves, Valentin Lossev, Oleg Kurilov, Vassili Sokolov, Alexander Soonvald, Alar Laanemägi, Tõivo Tim Nõlvak, Birko Kallas, Roland Kohv, Jevgeni Novikov

  18. Nouvelles mythologies : La GoPro

    OpenAIRE

    Tomasovic, Dick

    2015-01-01

    A la manière des mythologies de Roland Barthes, et à la demande de la rédaction du Focus Vif, une analyse des discours accompagnant la caméra "GoPro", mais aussi des pratiques audiovisuelles liées à cette caméra ultraportable ainsi qu'à l'esthétique et la circulation de ses images.

  19. Mutations of the image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Fatorelli

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Analyze recent reconfigurations of the images starting from reciprocal influences between photography and cinema. Rethinking the notion of time within the modernists definitions of pure and straight photography. Establish the notion of form photography as a strategy to legitimize other movements and trends. Identify some aspects of the propositions of Raymond Bellour and Roland Barthes around the photography and the photograme. Analyze the installation 24h Hour Psycho, of Douglas Gordon, and the photography Potsdamer Platz, of Michael Wesely.

  20. 'Curriculum' til fremtiden?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Eva

    forståelser af ‘erfaring’, ‘institution’ og ‘ideologi’. Valerie Walkerdine, Jean Lave, Roland Barthes og Louis Althusser inddrages til dette formål. Materialet består af data produceret i et etnografisk inspireret feltstudie foretaget over 1 ½ år fra 2007-2008 på det nybyggede Ørestad Gymnasium, og består...

  1. Die Gletscher der österreichischen Alpen 1986/87

    OpenAIRE

    Patzelt, Gernot

    1988-01-01

    Der niederschlagsreiche, durch mehrere Schadenshochwasser gekennzeichnete Sommer 1987 hat die Nachmessungen an den Gletschern nicht behindert. In 16 Berichten aus elf Gebirgsgruppen wurden die Beobachtungs- und Meßergebnisse von 125 Gletschern vollständig und in bewährter Weise mitgeteilt. Die Originalberichte sind im AV-Gletschermeßarchiv in Innsbruck eingestellt. Im Mitarbeiterstab hat es eine bemerkenswerte Änderung gegeben: Herr Mag. pharm. Dr. Roland Wannenmacher hat nach 45 Jahren ak...

  2. Portraits de Hiroshi Sugimoto: sobre realismo e retratos

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida A.P.

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to discuss the materialization of thepresence of british royalty from the sixteenth century in the series of photographs entitled Portraits by Japanese photographer Hiroshi Sugimoto. Photographer’s own words, paradigms of photographic discourse and characteristics of photography inter-relate to the particularities of Japanese culture. The text departs from traditional photographic discourse that pervades the representation of portraits,drawn mainly from the writings of Roland ...

  3. Power Play and Performance in Harajuku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelia Groom

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the structures and implications of Japan’s contemporary street fashion cultures, primarily those of Harajuku. Using Roland Barthes’ analogy of dress and dressing it situates the radical subcultural styles within traditional Japanese aesthetics and in a wider history of fashion. Examining various motifs from kawaisa to uniforms, cross-dressing, masks and the politics of second-hand fashion, it deals with theories of authenticity, appearance and agency.

  4. Development of 3D human intestinal equivalents for substance testing in microliter-scale on a multi-organ-chip

    OpenAIRE

    Jaenicke, Annika; Tordy, Dominique; Groeber, Florian; Hansmann, Jan; Nietzer, Sarah; Tripp, Carolin; Walles, Heike; Lauster, Roland; Marx, Uwe

    2013-01-01

    First published by BioMed Central: Jaenicke, Annika; Tordy, Dominique; Groeber, Florian; Hansmann, Jan; Nietzer, Sarah; Tripp, Carolin; Walles, Heike; Lauster, Roland; Marx, Uwe: Development of 3D human intestinal equivalents for substance testing in microliter-scale on a multi-organ-chip. - In: BMC Proceedings. - ISSN 1753-6561 (online). - 7 (2013), suppl. 6, P65. - doi:10.1186/1753-6561-7-S6-P65.

  5. Plasmon Mediated, InGaAs/InP, Tunable Far-IR Detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    this collection of information is esbmated to average 1 hour per response. indud.ng the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data soun ...ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S Electromagnetics Technology Division Source Code: 437890 ACRONYM(S) Sensors Directorate AFRL-RY-HS Air Force Research...Brian Krejca(C), Mark Roland(c) and Robert E. Peale (b) (a) Air Force Research Laboratory, Sensors Directorate , Hanscom AFB MA 01731 (b) University of

  6. Rescuing Downed Aircrews: The Value of Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    border. The personnel who were captured in 14 hours were originally on a Royal Air Force (RAF) Tornado that was shot down by a Roland missile. The...rescued as a function of time and other factors. We then identified the relevant factors and organized them according to the SERE categorization ...air engagement and a ground explosion. The pilot was subsequently reported missing. 2. January 17, 1991, RAF GR1 Tornado : The aircraft was part of a

  7. The cortical connectivity of the prefrontal cortex in the monkey brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeterian, Edward H; Pandya, Deepak N; Tomaiuolo, Francesco; Petrides, Michael

    2012-01-01

    One dimension of understanding the functions of the prefrontal cortex is knowledge of cortical connectivity. We have surveyed three aspects of prefrontal cortical connections: local projections (within the frontal lobe), the termination patterns of long association (post-Rolandic) projections, and the trajectories of major fiber pathways. The local connections appear to be organized in relation to dorsal (hippocampal origin) and ventral (paleocortical origin) architectonic trends. According to the proposal of a dual origin of the cerebral cortex, cortical areas can be traced as originating from archicortex (hippocampus) on the one hand, and paleocortex, on the other hand, in a stepwise manner (e.g., Sanides, 1969; Pandya and Yeterian, 1985). Prefrontal areas within each trend are connected with less architectonically differentiated areas, and also with more differentiated areas. Such organization may allow for the systematic exchange of information within each architectonic trend. The long connections of the prefrontal cortex with post-Rolandic regions seem to be organized preferentially in relation to dorsal and ventral prefrontal architectonic trends. Prefrontal areas are connected with post-Rolandic auditory, visual and somatosensory association areas, and with multimodal and paralimbic regions. This long connectivity likely works in conjunction with local connections to serve prefrontal cortical functions. The afferent and efferent connections of the prefrontal cortex with post-Rolandic regions are conveyed by specific long association pathways. These pathways as well appear to be organized in relation to dorsal and ventral prefrontal architectonic trends. Finally, although prefrontal areas have preferential connections in relation to dual architectonic trends, it is clear that there are interconnections between and among areas in each trend, which may provide a substrate for the overall integrative function of the prefrontal cortex. Prefrontal corticocortical

  8. Mídia e Previsão do Tempo: uma questão de interpretação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Ramos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The Tragedies have a purification sense, according to Aristotle (1960. The Tidal waves which happened in Asia in 2004 and killed more than 300 thousand people, seem to claim for a New Media demand. The Weather Forecasts need to be recycled. Just Information is not enough. The Interpretacion turns up, with urgency. These questions will be reflected in this essay, with theory and methodology based on Roland Barthes' Semiology.

  9. North Korea’s 2009 Nuclear Test: Containment, Monitoring, Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    one piece of uranium-235 is fired into another such piece to create a critical mass. The Hiroshima bomb was of this design. U.S. scientists had such...yield of the Hiroshima bomb was 15 kilotons. 5 For the status of signatures and ratifications, and text of the treaty, see the website of the...Professor Roland Purtschert, Department of Climate and Environmental Physics, University of Bern , Switzerland, an expert on argon-37, states, I am very

  10. Portrait of a Belarusian Entrepreneur

    OpenAIRE

    Maryia Akulava

    2012-01-01

    There are three groups of factors that might affect the development of entrepreneurship. The first one includes institutional factors: economic, political and legal institutions that stimulate or hinder the development of the private sector. In particular the literature emphasizes the role of credit institutions in the development of the private sector (Banerjee and Newman, 1993), property rights (Frye and Zhuravskaya, 2000; Roland and Verdier, 2003). The second group includes different socio...

  11. ON THE USE AND ABUSE OF PHILOSOPHY FOR PSYCHIATRY (AND ON THE USE OF HISTORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHANTAL MARAZIA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It looks very much like philosophy is going to save psychiatry or at least to rescue it from the quick sands of biological reductionism, in which it has been muddling for decades. Through a series of historical cases (Roland Kuhn, Viktor Frankl, Hemmo Müller‐ Suur this paper aims at showing that this situation is not new and that it would be naïve to take the salvific value of philosophy for granted. 

  12. ON THE USE AND ABUSE OF PHILOSOPHY FOR PSYCHIATRY (AND ON THE USE OF HISTORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chantal Marazia

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It looks very much like philosophy is going to save psychiatry or at least to rescue it from the quick sands of biological reductionism, in which it has been muddling for decades. Through a series of historical cases (Roland Kuhn, Viktor Frankl, Hemmo Müller-Suur this paper aims at showing that this situation is not new and that it would be naïve to take the salvific value of philosophy for granted.

  13. Outcomes of fluoroscopically guided lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraiwattanapong, Chaiwat; Wechmongkolgorn, Supaporn; Chatriyanuyok, Bangon; Woratanarat, Patarawan; Udomsubpayakul, Umaporn; Chanplakorn, Pongsathorn; Keorochana, Gun; Wajanavisit, Wiwat

    2014-04-01

    A prospective cohort. To report the short and long term outcomes of fluoroscopically guided lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) patients. TFESI has been widely used for the treatment of lumbosacral radicular pains. However, to our knowledge, there has been no study which has evaluated the outcomes of TFESI in patients with DLS. The DLS patients received fluoroscopically guided lumbar TFESI with 80 mg of methylprednisolone and 2 mL of 1% lidocaine hydrochloride. Patients were evaluated by an independent observer before the initial injection, at 2 weeks, at 6 weeks, at 3 months, and at 12 months after the injections. Visual analog scale (VAS), Roland 5-point pain scale, standing tolerance, walking tolerance, and patient satisfaction scale were evaluated for outcomes. Thirty three DLS patients treated with TFESI, who were completely followed up, were included in this study. The average number of injections per patient was 1.9 (range from 1 to 3 injections per patient). Significant improvements in VAS and Roland 5-point pain scale were observed over the follow up period from 2 weeks to 12 months. However, the standing and walking tolerance were not significantly improved after 2 weeks. At 2 weeks, the patient satisfaction scale was highest, although, these outcomes declined with time. The DLS patients with one level of spinal stenosis showed significantly better outcome than the DLS patients with two levels of spinal stenosis. Five patients (13%) underwent surgical treatment during the 3 to 12 months follow up. TFESI provides short term improvements in VAS and Roland 5-point pain scale, standing tolerance, walking tolerance and patient satisfaction scale in DLS patients. In the long term, it improves VAS but limits the improvements in Roland 5-point pain scale, standing tolerance, walking tolerance and patient satisfaction scale.

  14. Naratologická analýza románu Chiny Miévilla Král Krysa

    OpenAIRE

    Bečan, Martin

    2017-01-01

    This thesis deals with the analysis of the British author's China Miéville's literary debut King Rat. For the analysis, I used especially semiotically/semiologically oriented narratology, the thesis therefore draws especially from the methods used in Roland Barthese's, Tzvetan Todorov's and Lubomír Doležel's works. It also uses methods of Gérard Genette, Seymour Chatman and Shlomith Rimmon-Kenan. I analysed categories from the domain of narratology, specifically: the narrator, story, characte...

  15. 3D Printed Fluidic Hardware for DNA Assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-10

    initiatives such as the FabLab Foundation10. Access to digital fabrication tools and open electronics, such as Arduino and Raspberry Pi, enables access to...mill (Roland DG Corporation, Hamamatsu, Japan) running Arduino firmware. A user interface (Supplementary Figure 9) enabled the user to control the...A3909 stepper motor driver, were soldered onto the milled circuit board (Supplementary Figure 8). Custom Arduino -based firmware was written to take

  16. The disintegration of body: contemporary fashion and new media

    OpenAIRE

    Krpan, Petra

    2013-01-01

    The work, titled The Disintegration of Body: Contemporary Fashion and New Media explores the possibilities of body as a subject of contemporary fashion within new media. Can we still speak of the subject of contemporary fashion in the era of new media? Applying various theoretical frameworks by – respectively – Jean Baudrillard, Roland Barthes, Gilles Lipovetsky, Yuni Kawamura and others, this work aims to demonstrate a manner in which the fragmentation of identity in contemporary fashion ari...

  17. Analysis of “indice” and comparing it with “opening the future” in Nizami’s Khosrow and Shirin and Leili and Majnun

    OpenAIRE

    Abdollah vasegh abbasi; Mohammad Amir Mashhadi; Mahdi Rostami

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Roland Barthes entered the term of indice in the field of narratology for the first time. He along with the functions of Propp called Nuclei, mentions another function with the name of indice. Indices are additional units of narration that their existence is necessary for making characters and atmosphere. Indices addition to the literal meaning has implicit signified and generally are divided into the one of these items:Association of the inner states of the characters; Indices as...

  18. FACES CAMP DE EVA PERÓN PARA UM BIOGRAFEMA HOMOCULTURAL

    OpenAIRE

    Mitidieri, André Luis; Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz

    2015-01-01

    Amparados em pesquisa bibliográfica, fundamentada nos aportes teóricos de Beatriz Sarlo, Denilson Lopes, Roland Barthes e Susan Sontag, definimos o biografema homocultural camp e o relacionamos à protagonista do romance Santa Evita, de Tomás Eloy Martínez (1995), bem como a intervenções críticas do autor sobre outras representações de Eva Perón.

  19. Sémiologická analýza loga společnosti Starbucks

    OpenAIRE

    Gundová, Karolína

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focus on semiological analysis of selected corporate logo. Logos are part of the corporate identity and they are surrounding us all the time. Our society is overloaded with logos and that is main reason why logo has to be well remembered, easily recognized and connected with the brand. Logo is a conjunction of graphic design and marketing strategies. From the semiological point of view, this thesis is based on Roland Barthes's theories, although incorporating marketing basics and ...

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology: Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-21

    Swiss manufac- turer’s special plastics are not soluble in water, but in water plus alkali they can be broken down into their various polymer chains...sterilization and fine filtration down to the individual polymer chains. Roland Beiz, Belland AG’s founder, promises: "In this way, the clinging residues...Loesekern] technology for injection molding to labeling systems, diapers and sanitary products, adhesives for tele- phone directories and

  1. Hacienda real y sociedad en la Francia del siglo XVII

    OpenAIRE

    Badosa Coll, Elisa

    1994-01-01

    Los estudios sobre las rentas fiscales en Francia se remontan al siglo XVIII. El estudio más utilizado y riguroso es el de Jean Roland Mallet, un alto funcionario dependiente del controleur general Dezmarets a comienzos del siglo XVIII. Sus Comptes rendus de l'administration des ¡inances du royaume de France es el único que proporciona series continuas de cifras de las rentas de la corona en el siglo XVII.

  2. Functional MRI and intraoperative brain mapping to evaluate brain plasticity in patients with brain tumours and hemiparesis

    OpenAIRE

    Roux, F.; Boulanouar, K; Ibarrola, D; Tremoulet, M.; Chollet, F; BERRY, I.

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—To support the hypothesis about the potential compensatory role of ipsilateral corticofugal pathways when the contralateral pathways are impaired by brain tumours.
METHODS—Retrospective analysis was carried out on the results of functional MRI (fMRI) of a selected group of five paretic patients with Rolandic brain tumours who exhibited an abnormally high ipsilateral/contralateral ratio of activation—that is, movements of the paretic hand activated predominately ...

  3. Neue digitale Services und Open Access für die Geowissenschaften

    OpenAIRE

    Hübner, Andreas; Achterberg, Inke; Bertelmann, Roland; Elger, Kirsten; Pfurr, Norbert; Schüle, Mechthild

    2017-01-01

    Fachinformationsdienst Geowissenschaften der festen Erde (FID GEO) Andreas Hübner (1), Inke Achterberg (2), Roland Bertelmann (1), Kirsten Elger(1), Norbert Pfurr(2), Mechthild Schüler (2) (1) Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrumGFZ, Potsdam, (2) Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen Der FID GEO bietet Beratung und Services in den Bereichen Elektronisches Publizieren, Digitalisieren sowie Publikation von Forschungsdaten für die geowissenschaftliche Community in De...

  4. Team learning and context; assessing the relationship between team-learning activities and contextual factors of team-learning environment and team-configurations

    OpenAIRE

    Denekens J; Van Petegem P; Van Linge R; Timmermans O

    2011-01-01

    Olaf Timmermans1, Roland Van Linge2, Peter Van Petegem3, Joke Denekens4 1Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Midwifery Science, University of Antwerp, Belgium; 2University Medical Centre Utrecht, Department of Nursing Sciences, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; 3Institute of Education and Information Sciences, University of Antwerp, Belgium; 4Department General Practice, University of Antwerp, Belgium Background: The prevalence of team-learning activities in nursing teams is influenced by co...

  5. Detecting insomnia in patients with low back pain: accuracy of four self-report sleep measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Although insomnia is common in patients with low back pain (LBP), it is unknown whether commonly used self-report sleep measures are sufficiently accurate to screen for insomnia in the LBP population. This study investigated the discriminatory properties of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (Pittsburgh questionnaire), Insomnia Severity Index (Insomnia index), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (Epworth scale) and the sleep item of the Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire (Roland item) to detect insomnia in patients with LBP by comparing their accuracy to detect insomnia to a sleep diary. The study also aimed to determine the clinical optimal cut-off scores of the questionnaires to detect insomnia in the LBP population. Methods Seventy nine patients with LBP completed the four self-reported questionnaires and a sleep diary for 7 consecutive nights. The accuracy of the questionnaires was evaluated using Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curves with the Area Under the Curve (AUC) used to examine each test’s accuracy to discriminate participants with insomnia from those without insomnia. Results The Pittsburgh questionnaire and Insomnia index had moderate accuracy to detect insomnia (AUC = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.68 to 0.87 and AUC = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.67 to 0.86 respectively), whereas the Epworth scale and the Roland item were not found to be accurate discriminators (AUC = 0.53, 95% CI = 0. 41 to 0.64 and AUC = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.53 to 0.75 respectively). The cut-off score of > 6 for the Pittsburgh questionnaire and the cut-off point of > 14 for the Insomnia index provided optimal sensitivity and specificity for the detection of insomnia. Conclusions The Pittsburgh questionnaire and Insomnia index had similar ability to screen for insomnia in patients with low back pain. PMID:23805978

  6. Randomised controlled trial of Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage (ATEAM) for chronic and recurrent back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Paul; Lewith, George; Webley, Fran; Evans, Maggie; Beattie, Angela; Middleton, Karen; Barnett, Jane; Ballard, Kathleen; Oxford, Frances; Smith, Peter; Yardley, Lucy; Hollinghurst, Sandra; Sharp, Debbie

    2008-12-01

    To determine the effectiveness of lessons in the Alexander technique, massage therapy, and advice from a doctor to take exercise (exercise prescription) along with nurse delivered behavioural counselling for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. Factorial randomised trial. Setting 64 general practices in England. 579 patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain; 144 were randomised to normal care, 147 to massage, 144 to six Alexander technique lessons, and 144 to 24 Alexander technique lessons; half of each of these groups were randomised to exercise prescription. Normal care (control), six sessions of massage, six or 24 lessons on the Alexander technique, and prescription for exercise from a doctor with nurse delivered behavioural counselling. Roland Morris disability score (number of activities impaired by pain) and number of days in pain. Exercise and lessons in the Alexander technique, but not massage, remained effective at one year (compared with control Roland disability score 8.1: massage -0.58, 95% confidence interval -1.94 to 0.77, six lessons -1.40, -2.77 to -0.03, 24 lessons -3.4, -4.76 to -2.03, and exercise -1.29, -2.25 to -0.34). Exercise after six lessons achieved 72% of the effect of 24 lessons alone (Roland disability score -2.98 and -4.14, respectively). Number of days with back pain in the past four weeks were lower after lessons (compared with control median 21 days: 24 lessons -18, six lessons -10, massage -7) and quality of life improved significantly. No significant harms were reported. One to one lessons in the Alexander technique from registered teachers have long term benefits for patients with chronic back pain. Six lessons followed by exercise prescription were nearly as effective as 24 lessons.

  7. 6. Select Bibliography of Critical Writings on Michelet

    OpenAIRE

    Michelet, Jules

    2015-01-01

    Barthes, Roland. Michelet par lui-même (Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1969). —. Michelet, translated by Richard Howard (New York: Hill and Wang, 1987). Bernard-Griffiths, Simone, ed. Variétés sur Michelet (Saint-Genouph: Nizet, 1998; Cahiers Romantiques, 3). Essays by Pascale Auraix-Jonchière, Ceri Crossley, Bernard-Griffiths, Pierre Laforgue, Louis Le Guilloux, Muriel Louâpre, Paule Petitier, Laudyce Rétat, Paul Viallaneix. Brahm, Alcanter de. Michelet inconnu (Paris: Debresse, 1937). Braudel, F...

  8. Leerstellen, weiße Flecken und blassrote Zeichen im Schnee. Von Sinnverlust und Sinnfindung im mythischen Land der Kham-Nomaden in Christoph Ransmayrs Roman «Der fliegende Berg»[Blank Spots, White Flecks and Pale Red Signs in the Snow. Of Meaning Lost and Found in the Mythical Land of the Kham Nomads in Christoph Ransmayr’s Novel «The Flying Mountain»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Eichmanns Maier

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In his novel Der fliegende Berg, Christoph Ransmayr plays with seemingly contradictory myths that surround the Himalayan mountain Phur-Ri, a mountain that is not marked on any maps and symbolizes a void, a figment of the imagination that serves as a foil for unfulfilled longings and desires. Using Roland Barthes and Mircea Eliade as its theoretical framework, this article analyzes the function of myths in Ransmayr’s novel and explores whether his use of myth can fill the void with meaning – or whether the void remains a vacuum that repells rather than allows for any form of signification.

  9. Comentarios bibliográficos: [enero a abril] de 1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boletin Cultural y Bibliográfico Banco de la República

    1973-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan escritos análisis crítico de las siguientes obras: -Pierre Kende, ¿L'abondance est-elle possible? -Franco Basaglia, La institución negada, informe de un hospital psiquiátrico -José Lezama Lima, Introducción a los vasos orficos -Samuel P. Huntington, Polítical orden in changing so cities -Roland Huntford, The new totalitarians -Benjamín Varón, Si yo fuera paraguayo

  10. Blender Foundations The Essential Guide to Learning Blender 26

    CERN Document Server

    Hess, Roland

    2010-01-01

    Blender Foundations is the definitive resource for getting started with 3D art in Blender, one of the most popular 3D/Animation tools on the market . With the expert insight and experience of Roland Hess, noted Blender expert and author, animators and artists will learn the basics starting with the revised 2.6 interface, modeling tools, sculpting, lighting and materials through rendering, compositing and video editing. Some of the new features covered include the completely re-thought interface, the character animation and keying system, and the smoke simulator. More than just a tutorial gui

  11. Free and moving boundaries analysis, simulation and control

    CERN Document Server

    Glowinski, Roland

    2007-01-01

    Optimal Tubes: Geodesic Metric, Euler Flow, Moving Domain J.P. Zolésio Numerical Simulation of Pattern Formation in a Rotating Suspension of Non-Brownian Settling Particles Tsorg-Whay Pan and Roland Glowinski On the Homogenization of Optimal Control Problems on Periodic Graphs P.I. Kogut and G. Leugering Lift and Sedimentation of Particles in the Flow of a Viscoelastic Liquid in a Channel G.P. Galdi and V. Heuveline Modeling and Simulation of Liquid-Gas Free Surface Flows A. Caboussat, M.

  12. Fotojornalismo: entre o oblíquo e o referencial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaqueline Esther Schiavoni

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Este texto tem por objeto de reflexão a imagem Touché, de Wilton Junior, vencedora da 57ª edição do Prêmio Esso de Jornalismo, na categoria Fotografia. As análises tomam em consideração autores como Roland Barthes, Jean-Marie Floch e Jacques Fontanille para explicitar a problemática em torno do sentido da referida imagem e de sua publicação no jornal Estado de S. Paulo.

  13. Concedamos a liberdade de traçar: brincando de escrever um Dicionário de perfeições inventadas na oficina de escrita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana de Bastiani Lange

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at  raising questions about writing, childhood and education, by narrating the story of the creation of a “dicionary of invented words”. This dictionary was made by children that participated in some writing  workshops. Based on the relations between literature and psychoanalysis, the writing  workshops  were developed with different groups of children. The story of the Dictionary of Invented Perfections relates to  the writings of Manoel de Barros and Roland Barthes.

  14. Os corpos biográficos de Fernando Henrique Cardoso: uma abordagem biografemática do jornalismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Rocha da Silva

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca discutir o problema da representação da vida no jornalismo por meio dos conceitos de fait divers e biograema de Roland Barthes. O trajeto teórico é ilustrado por uma análise do perfil “O andarilho”, sobre Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Evidencia-se aí um regime de escrita capaz de apreender não o sujeito, mas sim suas diversas singularidades, representadas por regimes signícos de diferentes níveis de representação.

  15. The Medium is the Myth: Between McLuchan and Barthes

    OpenAIRE

    Roncallo, Sergio; Universidad de La Sabana; Uribe Jongbloed, Enrique; Universidad de La Sabana

    2013-01-01

    This article sets a dialogue between the concept of medium –as presented by Marshall McLuhan– and the concept of myth –as articulated by Roland Barthes– to evidence their similar anchoring, and thus bring closer the work of these two thinkers, whose different starting points notwithstanding, converge conceptually to better grasp the notion of macromyth, and become aware of the bearing this construction has upon the renowned McLuhan statement: the medium is the message. Este artículo establ...

  16. La Técnica de Pinza rodada en el tratamiento de la lumbalgia inespecífica crónica

    OpenAIRE

    Domingo Esteban, Susana

    2016-01-01

    ntroducción: La realización de esta tesis surge de la necesidad de recuperar la terapia manual en el campo de la Atención Primaria, donde cada vez se usan más, exclusivamente, las técnicas de electroterapia. -Objetivos: Conocer la mejoría en el dolor (EVA), balance articular, incapacidad física (Roland-Morris), depresión (Zung) y calidad de vida (Perfil de Salud de Nottingham), así como las recidivas en un periodo de 6 meses, en pacientes con lumbalgia inespecífica crónica comparando un tr...

  17. Savages in a Civilized War: The Native Americans as French Allies in the Seven Years War, 1754-1763

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    crown .26 These missions were established at logical confluences of 23Étienne Taillemite, “Barrin De La Galissonière, Roland-Michel, Marquis De La...these gifts cost the crown . It also provided a large resource block for the purchase of large or numerous gifts and trade goods. This contrasted to the...made they could then be subjected to cruel torture, such as beating and being burned alive regardless of age or gender. This treatment was linked back

  18. The European Union’s Human Security Doctrine: A Critical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    Ayn Rand pointed out that the “virtue of selfishness”91 can be taken to mean that the desire to feel a sense of satisfaction when performing acts of...Symbolism: Europe Takes on Human Security,” 92. 91 Ayn Rand , The Virtue of Selfishness: A New Concept of Egoism (New York: Signet Press, 1964). 92 Bailes...Roland. “Human Security: Paradigm Shift or Hot Air?” International Security 26, no. 2 (Fall 2001): 87-102. Rand , Ayn . The Virtue of Selfishness: A

  19. Quantum philosophy understanding and interpreting contemporary science

    CERN Document Server

    Omnès, Roland

    2002-01-01

    In this magisterial work, Roland Omnès takes us from the academies of ancient Greece to the laboratories of modern science as he seeks to do no less than rebuild the foundations of the philosophy of knowledge. One of the world's leading quantum physicists, Omnès reviews the history and recent development of mathematics, logic, and the physical sciences to show that current work in quantum theory offers new answers to questions that have puzzled philosophers for centuries: Is the world ultimately intelligible? Are all events caused? Do objects have definitive locations? Omnès addresses these p

  20. Double benefit. Passive houses in the stock: Residential and office house; Doppelter Nutzen. Passivhaus im Bestand: Wohn- und Geschaeftshaus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siegele, Klaus

    2012-06-15

    When searching for a new home for family and office, the Passive House Planner Roland Matzig (Mannheim, Federal Republic of Germany) encounter a dilapidated semi-detached house in Almendorf, a suburb of Mannheim (Federal Republic of Germany). The enhanced final energy demand by more than 320 kWh/(a m{sup 2}) encouraged him, to retrofit the post-war building energetically to the level of a passive houses. The residential and office building also benefits architecturally from the alterations and extensions - a perfect example of how to make of buildings sustainable and to receive their value.

  1. Kivistatud kurjad teod / Peeter Pere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pere, Peeter, 1957-

    2011-01-01

    Kommunismiohvrite memoriaali ideekavandite võistlusest, võidutöödest. I-II preemia - märgusõna Vest (autorid Armin Valter, Joel Kopli). I-II preemia - märgusõna Mälutulbad (autor Koit Ojaliiv). Eripreemiad - märgusõna Otsuste rand (autorid Roland Reemaa, Laura Linsi), märgusõna Introvert (autorid Urmas Paul, Martin Lepplaan, Evelin Reimand, Martin Noorväli), märgusõna Padakonn (autorid Vadim Fomitsev, Mart Liho, Ekke Väli)

  2. Plaisir and jouissance. The case of potential and textual reading of Barthes’ theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elżbieta KOŁDRZAK

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is an attempt of the analysis and the interpretation of the categories ‘pleasure’ (Fr. plaisir and ‘delight’ (Fr. jouissance, in the context of philosophically oriented theoretical‑literary considerations of Roland Barthes, sacrificed to the mystery of experiencing of the love. The part first, referring mainly to Barthes’ works, recognises the range of the semantic field plaisir and jouissance, as categories basic for the textual language of the outstanding theoretician. The second part introduces three examples of western cultural practices which illustrate the manner of use plaisir and jouissance as the factors of textual structures.

  3. Intact brain processing of musical emotions in autism spectrum disorder, but more cognitive load and arousal in happy versus sad music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebauer, Line; Skewes, Joshua; Westphael, Gitte Gülche

    2014-01-01

    Music is a potent source for eliciting emotions, but not everybody experience emotions in the same way. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show difficulties with social and emotional cognition. Impairments in emotion recognition are widely studied in ASD, and have been associated wit......, increased activity in response to happy compared to sad music was observed in dorsolateral prefrontal regions and in the rolandic operculum/insula, and we propose that this reflects increased cognitive processing in response to emotional musical stimuli in this group....

  4. Die Sprache als »Werkstück«. Überlegungen zu Elfriede Jelineks poetologischem Konzept am Beispiel des Theaterstücks Stecken, Stab und Stangl (1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Mariacher

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In ihrem Beitrag befasst sich die Autorin mit Elfriede Jelineks poetologischem Konzept, das sie am Beispiel des Theaterstücks »Stecken, Stab und Stangl« (1996 diskutiert. Dabei geht es nach einer kurzen inhaltlichen und zeitgeschichtlichen Einführung um die Auffassung von Sprache und Text sowie Autor und Werk, die unter theoretischem Rückbezug auf Roland Barthes in den Blick genommen wird. Im Zentrum der Betrachtung stehen das ideologiekritische Potential, durch das sich Jelineks Verfahren auszeichnet, und die Rolle des Rezipienten, von dem eine aktive Rezeptionshaltung eingefordert wird.

  5. On literary narratives, fictionality, and the rules of conversation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Buckett

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available "Writing, when properly managed (as you may be sure I thirik mine is is but a different name for conversation" - "thus Laurence Sterne in Trist Shandy ( 1767. Such statements provoke an examination of possible links between literary narratives and iinguistic models of oral communication. Recent developments in the field of pragmatics, in particular Speech Acts, Deixis and H. P.Grice's Logic and Conversation, provide concepts and structurai principles which could prove useful to literary criticism. This comment, for instance, by Roland Barthes might suggest the need to resort to the theory of deixis: Il ne peut y avoir de recit sans narratetir et sans auditeur.

  6. Blender production creating short animations from start to finish

    CERN Document Server

    Hess, Roland

    2012-01-01

    Blender has become one of the most popular 3D animation tools on the market because it is robust and absolutely free. Blender Production is the definitive resource for anyone who wants to create short animations from scratch. With this book, and Blender, you have the ideal platform to make it happen.  Blender expert and author Roland Hess walks you through the entire process of creating a short animation including: writing, storyboarding, blocking, character creation, animation, rendering, and production. The associated web site includes the full Blender software kit and a compl

  7. Näitlejaego vs lavastajaterror / Madli Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Madli, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    1.-18. maini Berliinis toimunud teatrifestivalist "Theatertreffen". Pikemalt J. Meyerhoffi monolavastusest "Alle Toten fliegen hoch" ("Kõik surnud lendavad kõrgel(t)"). Jürgen Goschi töödest - "Hier und jetzt" ("Siin ja praegu", aut. Roland Schimmelpfennig) ja "Kajakas" (A. Tšehhov). Frank Kafka "Protsess" Andreas Kriegenburgi lavastuses. Friedrich Schilleri "Röövlid" Nicholas Stemanni lavastuses. Peter Weissi "Marat, was ist aus unserer Revolution geworden?" ("Marat, mis on küll meie revolutsioonist saanud?) Volker Löschi lavastuses

  8. Energy from biomass. Ethics and practice; Energie aus Biomasse. Ethik und Praxis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franke, Silke (ed.)

    2013-06-01

    The implementation of the energy policy turnaround inevitably results in modifications of the land use and landscape. Besides the discussion about the environmental consequences, a debate about ethical issues increasingly arose. Under this aspect, the booklet under consideration contains the following contributions: (1) Renewable energy sources - the role of bioenergy (Bernard Widmann); (2) Energy from biomass - An ethic analysis (Stephan Schleissing); (3) Culture for our landscapes - combination of biomass and water protection (Frank Wagener); (4) Cultivation of energy crops - short rotation coppices (Frank Burger); (5) Bioenergy region Straubing-Bogen: Excellent in the matter of renewable energy sources (Josefine Eichwald); (6) Rural development - motor for the energy policy turnaround (Roland Spiller).

  9. Consumo de recursos sanitarios debido al dolor musculoesquelético en trabajadores del sector primario

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez-Romero, Beatriz; Pita-Fernández, Salvador; Martínez-Rodríguez, Alicia; Fernández-Cervantes, Ramón

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia y los factores asociados al consumo farmacológico y a consultas al médico de familia por dolor musculoesquelético en mariscadoras. Métodos: Estudio transversal (n = 929) considerando variables sociodemográficas, frecuencia de dolor musculoesquelético, consumo de recursos sanitarios, incapacidad funcional (Roland-Morris) y calidad de vida relacionada con la salud (SF-36). Resultados: El 98,7% eran mujeres de 50,6 años (media) de edad, el 66,5% refiriero...

  10. Chronos sickness: digital reality in Duncan Jones’s Source Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Tiemy Morita Kawamoto

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2017v70n1p249 The advent of the digital technologies unquestionably affected the cinema. The indexical relation and realistic effect with the photographed world much praised by André Bazin and Roland Barthes is just one of the affected aspects. This article discusses cinema in light of the new digital possibilities, reflecting on Steven Shaviro’s consideration of “how a nonindexical realism might be possible” (63 and how in fact a new kind of reality, a digital one, might emerge in the science fiction film Source Code (2013 by Duncan Jones.

  11. Escala de incapacidad por dolor lumbar de Oswestry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alcántara-Bumbiedro, S; Flórez-García, M.T; Echávarri-Pérez, C; García-Pérez, F

    2006-01-01

    ... clínica diaria. La escala de incapacidad por dolor lumbar de Oswestry es, junto con la escala de Roland-Morris, la más utilizada y re- comendada a nivel mundial. En este artículo los autores ha- cen una revisión de la escala, desde su publicación en 1980, con información de la versión adaptada a la población espa- ñola, características métrica...

  12. Esta é minha carta ao mundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Mourão

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir da primeira carta de Emily Dickinson (1830-1886 a Thomas Higginson, que então seria seu “preceptor” e interlocutor para sempre, este texto propõe uma leitura da obra da escritora norte-americana a partir do biografema da carta e da ideia de sua obra como “carta ao mundo” – conforme um de seus mais famosos poemas –, com todas as implicações trazidas pelo termo, e à luz das teorias de Roland Barthes, Maurice Blanchot e Silvina Rodrigues Lopes, entre outros.

  13. JPRS Report Science & Technology Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-17

    elastomer plies are cut and tape laid onto a metal frame, then put into a polymerisation oven to make the flexible stop. An air -cushioned car moves the...given birth to a family of medium- and long-range anti-tank missiles, known as Milan and Hot , as well as to the Roland, a short-range surface-to- air ...makes the 3-mm-diameter holes to a depth of 25 to 40 mm. It is equipped with a two-holed drill bit that expels air under 12 bars of pressure. The

  14. El placer en el arte y su función socio-política: diálogo entre Barthes y Adorno

    OpenAIRE

    Abadi, Florencia

    2002-01-01

    En este trabajo intentaremos trazar algunas relaciones entre la noción de placer asociado con la literatura en Roland Barthes y el concepto de goce artístico en Theodor Adorno. A partir de este eje veremos que las diferencias en la relación que ambos establecen entre la esfera del arte y la sociedad, como así también la dimensión política y crítica del arte, están estrechamente ligadas con la cuestión del placer, aparentemente perteneciente al ámbito de las vivencias subjetivas.

  15. Fuentes

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    I. BIBLIOGRÁFICAS Alarcón, Fernando. La ineficacia de pleno derecho en los negocios jurídicos, Bogotá, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Tesis doctoral, 2009, sin publicar. Alvarado Velloso, Adolfo. Introducción al estudio del derecho procesal, Santa Fe (Argentina), Rubinzal-Culzoni, 1995. Arazi, Roland. “Garantías constitucionales y prueba”, en La ciencia del derecho procesal constitucional, México, Marcial Pons, 2008. Armenta Deu, Teresa. La prueba ilícita, Madrid, Marcial Pons, 2009. Arme...

  16. Por un arte semiológico: “deshabituación” y “discontinuidad” en el arte argentino de los años sesenta

    OpenAIRE

    Vindel, Jaime

    2014-01-01

    El texto analiza el énfasis semiótico de un sector de las prácticas de la vanguardia argentina de los años sesenta. Esas prácticas, inspiradas en la lectura de autores como Roland Barthes, se articularon en torno a conceptos como “discontinuidad” y “deshabituciación” para dar lugar a una serie de planteamientos sumamente novedosos en el contexto de la emergencia internacional del arte conceptual. Las propuestas de artistas e intelectuales como Ricardo Carreira, Roberto Plate u Ósc...

  17. Ametnikud panid rahva ja riigijuhid häbistavasse infosulgu / Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2006-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansip oli nördinud, et rahvast ei teavitatud naftatankeriga toimunud õnnetusest ning ka sellest, et laeva kapten oli sellest teatanud. Arusaamatu on ametnike vaikimine ka pärast seda, kui merereostust hakkas kajastama meedia. Kommenteerib Kalle Laanet. Kaart: Sündmused ja info liikumine. Põhja ringkonnaprokuratuuri juhtivprokurör Lavly Lepp vastab küsimusele, miks uurimise käigust nii kasinalt teavet jagatakse. Vt. samas: Garel Püüa lühiintervjuud piirivalveameti peadirektori Roland Peetsiga; Ulvar Käärt. Kahtlusalune tanker pages Eesti vetest; Anneli Ammas. Õigeaegse teate puhul jõudnuks reostuse merel koristada

  18. Tradigital Blender

    CERN Document Server

    Hess, Roland

    2011-01-01

    Expand your animation toolkit with foundational animation techniques, software expertise, professional best-practices, proven and time-tested work flows. Roland Hess, a leading Blender artist and instructor, expertly navigates you through Blender's character animation systems and controls, with a focus on each of the classical principles of animation like timing, anticipation, appeal, staging, exaggeration, squash and stretch and much more. Unique from other software titles, the Tradigital series offers a specific tool-set of practical instruction and foundational knowledge that all great anim

  19. A global wave parameter database for geophysical applications. Part 2: Model validation with improved source term parameterization

    OpenAIRE

    Rascle, Nicolas; Ardhuin, Fabrice

    2013-01-01

    A multi-scale global hindcast of ocean waves is presented that covers the years 1994-2012, based on recently published parameterizations for wind sea and swell dissipation [Ardhuin, F., Rogers, E., Babanin, A., Filipot, J.-F., Magne, R., Roland, A., van der Westhuysen, A., Queffeulou, P., Lefevre, J.-M., Aouf, L., Collard, F., 2010. Semi-empirical dissipation source functions for wind-wave models: Part I. Definition, calibration and validation. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 40 (9), 1917-1941]. Results f...

  20. Relación semiótica publicidad-sociedad : el caso de United Colors of Benetton

    OpenAIRE

    Delgado García, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo plantea una investigación sobre la relación bidireccional existente entre dos elementos: la publicidad comercial y la sociedad. A partir del análisis semiótico de un caso práctico concreto, la comunicación de la marca United Colors of Benetton, se da evidencia del papel que juega la cultura en la forma que tienen de comunicarse las marcas. Para ello, se ha llevado a cabo la aplicación de modelos semióticos tales como el modelo de Roland Barthes y el modelo de marketing sem...

  1. Un Común singular : lecturas teóricas de la autoría literaria

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez, Aina,

    2017-01-01

    Departament responsable de la tesi: Departament de Filologia Espanyola Desde que en 1968 Roland Barthes firmara su acta de defunción, el concepto de autor ha ocupado –con pocas excepciones– un lugar subsidiario en los estudios literarios en lengua española: ya el del afuera textual al que lo ha rezagado a menudo la Teoría de la Literatura; ya el de ese otro afuera soberano en el que todavía lo sitúan las tradiciones filológicas y hermenéuticas. Es necesario, entonces, indagar en los presup...

  2. Revista Veja: mitos, poder e sensacionalismo

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Jose Ramos; pucrs

    2014-01-01

    A Revista Veja é a mais importante do Brasil. Possui uma história de 45 anos. É a mais vendida e lida. Apresenta uma linha editorial, que tem gerado diversos estudos e discussões. Carece, todavia, de uma leitura semiológica, que investigue os seus discursos, através dos Mitos, do Poder e do Sensacionalismo. É o que se propõe o presente artigo, sustentado, teoricamente, na Semiologia, de Roland Barthes.Palavras-chave: Mito; Poder; Sensaci...

  3. Cockney, pseudo-slang et argot de série noire : San-Antonio et le moment Peter Cheyney du roman noir français

    OpenAIRE

    Jeannerod, Dominique

    2014-01-01

    This article examines how in post-war France slang became a byword for the noir genre. It considers the mechanisms, models, networks and translators' practices which set the tone for the "Série Noire”, whose influence, both written and on the screen, had, within a decade, become, a "mythology" studied by Roland Barthes. It argues that this use of slang is redolent of the inauthenticity which characterises this stage in the reception of the Noir genre in France. It is certain that this artific...

  4. Evaluation of Clear Sky Models for Satellite-Based Irradiance Estimates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sengupta, Manajit [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Gotseff, Peter [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2013-12-01

    This report describes an intercomparison of three popular broadband clear sky solar irradiance model results with measured data, as well as satellite-based model clear sky results compared to measured clear sky data. The authors conclude that one of the popular clear sky models (the Bird clear sky model developed by Richard Bird and Roland Hulstrom) could serve as a more accurate replacement for current satellite-model clear sky estimations. Additionally, the analysis of the model results with respect to model input parameters indicates that rather than climatological, annual, or monthly mean input data, higher-time-resolution input parameters improve the general clear sky model performance.

  5. Fracturas tóracolumbares: Valor pronóstico de la evaluación por imagen en la calidad de vida del paciente

    OpenAIRE

    García de las Heras, Beatriz

    2016-01-01

    [ES]Se han estudiado 65 pacientes con fracturas tóracolumbares. El propósito es conocer si los parámetros de capacitación (resultado clínico y resultado laboral), y los indicadores de calidad de vida y percepción de salud (SF-36 como cuestionario general y Roland-Morris como cuestionario específico) se ven afectados o no por los valores del ángulo de cifosis y del porcentaje de acuñamiento y por la lesión o no del complejo ligamentario posterior, previamente valorados mediante la radiologí...

  6. Air resistance measurements on actual airplane parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiselsberger, C

    1923-01-01

    For the calculation of the parasite resistance of an airplane, a knowledge of the resistance of the individual structural and accessory parts is necessary. The most reliable basis for this is given by tests with actual airplane parts at airspeeds which occur in practice. The data given here relate to the landing gear of a Siemanms-Schuckert DI airplane; the landing gear of a 'Luftfahrzeug-Gesellschaft' airplane (type Roland Dlla); landing gear of a 'Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen' G airplane; a machine gun, and the exhaust manifold of a 269 HP engine.

  7. The Good Portrait of the Academic Author

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorlacius, Lisbeth

    2005-01-01

    This article is to give the reader a language with which one can discuss portraits of academics and their usage. Moreover the four most frequently used genres of portraits of academic authors will be introduced. And it will be argued why insight into, and knowledge of these genres is crusial...... it is for the news, public relations or the back cover of a book it is useful to have a vocabulary about the visual elements concerning photography of academics. Such a language can be provided by semiotics, and in this context I have drawn on aspects of the semiotic theories of Ferdinand de Saussure, Roland Barthes...

  8. Functional and structural balances of homologous sensorimotor regions in multiple sclerosis fatigue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cogliati Dezza, I; Zito, G; Tomasevic, L

    2015-01-01

    Fatigue in multiple sclerosis (MS) is a highly disabling symptom. Among the central mechanisms behind it, an involvement of sensorimotor networks is clearly evident from structural and functional studies. We aimed at assessing whether functional/structural balances of homologous sensorimotor...... in 27 mildly disabled MS patients. Structural MRI-derived inter-hemispheric asymmetries included the cortical thickness of Rolandic regions and the volume of thalami. Fatigue symptoms increased together with the functional inter-hemispheric imbalance of sensorimotor homologous areas activities at rest...

  9. Sexuality degree zero: pleasure and power in the novels of John Rechy, Arturo Islas, and Michael Nava.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz, R L

    1993-01-01

    "Sexuality Degree Zero" explores common themes and formal strategies in the fiction of three prominent gay Chicano writers: John Rechy, Arturo Islas, and Michael Nava. Employing the concept of a politicized textual "pleasure" as theorized by French critic Roland Barthes, the study argues for the political efficacy of aesthetic choices characteristic to the three authors. Analyses of Rechy's use of pornography, of Islas' transgressive use of cultural iconography, and of Nava's use of sexual "perversions" in the context of classic crime fiction, all go to demonstrate the various uses of pleasure in the construction of a doubly marginalized but defiant self and voice in fiction by gay Chicano men.

  10. Session: Reservoir Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renner, Joel L.; Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.; Wannamaker, Philip E.; Horne, Roland N.; Shook, G. Michael

    1992-01-01

    This session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of five papers: ''Reservoir Technology'' by Joel L. Renner; ''LBL Research on the Geysers: Conceptual Models, Simulation and Monitoring Studies'' by Gudmundur S. Bodvarsson; ''Geothermal Geophysical Research in Electrical Methods at UURI'' by Philip E. Wannamaker; ''Optimizing Reinjection Strategy at Palinpinon, Philippines Based on Chloride Data'' by Roland N. Horne; ''TETRAD Reservoir Simulation'' by G. Michael Shook

  11. Presse et littérature au xixe siècle. Dix ans de recherche. Bibliographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Ève Thérenty

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Dans La Civilisation du journal, le lecteur trouvera une bibliographie exhaustive des ouvrages traitant des rapports entre presse et littérature au xixe siècle et notamment les références des travaux pionniers (Roger Bellet, Jean-Claude Vareille, Roland Chollet, René Guise, Henri Mitterand, Lise Dumasy, Marc Angenot, Anne-Marie Thiesse, etc. qui ont véritablement engagé ces recherches. La bibliographie suivante ne fait état que des derniers travaux publiés et a pour vocation de révéler les n...

  12. Apresentação / Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da Revista de Letras Vol. 1, número 27 de 2005 CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia abralic@ufba.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lumarc@elogica.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VAUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter roland@hotmail.com.br

  13. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia leal@ufba.br / eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MÁRCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VAUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@hotmail.com

  14. Apresentação / Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da Revista de Letras Vol. 1, número 25 de 2003 CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia leal@ufba.br / eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VOUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@hotmail.com

  15. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia leal@ufba.br / eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VOUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@hotmail.com

  16. Apresentação / Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da Revista de Letras Vol. 1, número 26 de 2004 CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Univesidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia leal@ufba.br / eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lamarcuschi@uol.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MÁRCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VAUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@hotmail.com

  17. Words in melody: an H(2)15O PET study of brain activation during singing and speaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffries, K J; Fritz, J B; Braun, A R

    2003-04-15

    We used H(2)15O PET to characterize the interaction of words and melody by comparing brain activity measured while subjects spoke or sang the words to a familiar song. Relative increases in activity during speaking vs singing were observed in the left hemisphere, in classical perisylvian language areas including the posterior superior temporal gyrus, supramarginal gyrus, and frontal operculum, as well as in Rolandic cortices and putamen. Relative increases in activity during singing were observed in the right hemisphere: these were maximal in the right anterior superior temporal gyrus and contiguous portions of the insula; relative increases associated with singing were also detected in the right anterior middle temporal gyrus and superior temporal sulcus, medial and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices, mesial temporal cortices and cerebellum, as well as in Rolandic cortices and nucleus accumbens. These results indicate that the production of words in song is associated with activation of regions within right hemisphere areas that are not mirror-image homologues of left hemisphere perisylvian language areas, and suggest that multiple neural networks may be involved in different aspects of singing. Right hemisphere mechanisms may support the fluency-evoking effects of singing in neurological disorders such as stuttering or aphasia.

  18. BARTHES E MUSIL, COMO VIVER JUNTO: AS TABELAS LITERÁRIAS DE GONÇALO M. TAVARES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela Anauate Bergonzoni

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta comunicação apresenta uma análise de Roland Barthes e Robert Musil (2004, do escritor português Gonçalo M. Tavares. Trata-se de um texto literário peculiar, disposto em forma de planilhas, que o autor denomina “tabelas literárias”. Busco mostrar como Tavares faz viver Roland Barthes para além das citações e referências ao autor francês. Para tanto, proponho uma leitura do texto à imagem invertida da “leitura drogada” de Sarrasine, de Balzac, que Barthes realizou num seminário entre 1967 e 1969 e que resultou no livro S/Z, de 1970. Busco também relacionar as “tabelas literárias” à ideia de “cálculo de prazer” contida no estudo de Barthes sobre a obra de Charles Fourier em Sade, Fourier, Loyola (1971. A proposta desta comunicação é aproximar as “tabelas literárias” de Tavares – um dispositivo de exatidão que emoldura um texto poético e fragmentário – ao movimento diacrônico que faz a própria obra de Barthes, partindo do entusiasmo com o formalismo nos anos 50 e 60 em direção ao prazer do Texto nos anos 70.

  19. MAKNA TANDA PADA FESYEN PENGANTIN JAWA BERGAYA MODERN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendro Aryanto

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available With the advancement of time, traditional wedding fesyen has gone through development and modification. The changes can be observed through the make-up techniques, materials of the gowns, and the hair-dos, such as sanggul. This article is focused on the shift of the meaning in modern style Javanese wedding fesyen because of its development and modification. The analysis method uses Roland Barthes’ sign analysis. The conclusion shows that modern traditional Javanese wedding fesyen is a representation of cultural shifts and an accumulation of established values and modernization effects. The goal is to develop a higher self-image by reproducing the current situation and condition. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Seiring dengan perjalanan waktu, fesyen pengantin tradisional mengalami perkembangan dan modifikasi. Perubahan bisa terlihat dari tata rias wajah, bahan gaun yang dipergunakan, dan sanggul. Fokus tulisan ini mengangkat tentang masalah pergeseran makna pada fesyen pengantin Jawa bergaya modern dikerenakan perkembangan dan modifikasi. Metode analisis menggunakan analisis tanda dari Roland Barthes. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa fesyen pada pengantin tradisional bergaya Jawa modern, adalah representasi pergeseran budaya dan perpaduan dari nilai-nilai yang sudah pakem dengan efek modernisasi. Tujuannya adalah membangun citra diri yang lebih tinggi dengan mereproduksi kondisi dan situasi yang ada. Kata kunci: makna, tanda, fesyen, pengantin, jawa, modern.

  20. Conversion and the Real: The (Im)Possibility of Testimonial Representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sremac, Srdjan

    Although the spiritual vibration of conversion can be felt (by the curious outsider) through what conversion performers say in their testimonial discourse, what transforms the convert 'on stage' into a 'new being' and what is 'the real' (le réel) in conversion performance remain unclear. An important question in this connection is, What is 'real' in a conversion representation, both with respect to the convert's interaction with the audience and to the construction of social reality? Following Lacan's tripartite register of the imaginary, the symbolic, and the real, in this essay I argue that through testimonial discourse converts construct social reality as an answer to the impossibility of 'the real' in their performative discursive practice. In the first part, I question the constructed nature of testimonial representations-as well as some academic knowledge production that has governed conversion research in the last few decades-and how these representations encourage 'outsiders' to read the narrative repertoire as a negation or mirroring 'the real' of the conversion experience. In the second part, I apply Roland Barthes' analytic reflections on photography to conversion research, especially the notions of the studium (the common ground of cultural meanings) and the punctum (a personal experience that inspires private meaning). This brings me to a number of theorists (mostly never used in the field of religious conversion)-Jacques Lacan, Roland Barthes, and Slavoj Žižek-who are important to the perspective that is developed in this essay.

  1. PROGNOSTIC FACTORS OF LUMBAR DISCECTOMY RECOVERY.A PROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Kolachinski Brandão

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To perform a prospective analysis of the quality of life prognostic factors in patients undergoing lumbar discectomy after two years of the procedure, relating the tools Short Form Health Survey, Roland Morris, Oswestry Disability Index, and VAS. Methods: Seventy-two patients were evaluated through the questionnaires in the preoperative, and one month, six months, one year and two years in the postoperative period, being performed lumbar discectomy after failure of conservative treatment. Results: We observed an improvement in comparative analysis during follow-up regarding baseline values. Conclusion: The domains social aspect, pain, general state, emotional aspect, mental health and vitality presented an improvement from the first month after the surgery; however, the domain functional capacity only showed significant improvement after 6 months and the physical aspects only after one year. Roland-Morris and VAS scales improved after one month after surgery, but Oswestry scale showed that for the measured aspects there was only improvement after six months of surgery.

  2. An fMRI study of obesity, food reward, and perceived caloric density. Does a low-fat label make food less appealing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Janet; Stice, Eric; Yokum, Sonja; Bohon, Cara

    2011-08-01

    We tested the hypothesis that obese individuals experience greater activation of the gustatory and somatosensory cortex, but weaker activation of the striatum, in response to intake and anticipated intake of high-fat chocolate milkshake versus an isocaloric milkshake labeled low-fat and a tasteless solution using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with 17 obese and 17 lean young women. Obese relative to lean women showed greater activation in somatosensory (Rolandic operculum), gustatory (frontal operculum), and reward valuation regions (amgydala, ventralmedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) in response to intake and anticipated intake of milkshake versus tasteless solution, though there was little evidence of reduced striatal activation. Obese relative to lean women also showed greater activation in the Rolandic operculum, frontal operculum, and vmPFC in response to isocaloric milkshakes labeled regular versus low-fat. Results suggest that hyper-responsivity of somatosensory, gustatory, and reward valuation regions may be related to overeating and that top-down processing influence reward encoding, which could further contribute to weight gain. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. The informative function of photographic captions: the Realengo massacre A função informativa da legenda fotográfica: o massacre de Realengo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Zarattini

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to investigate the informative purpose of photographic captions and the relationship of visual and written languages in Brazilian daily newspapers. The front pages of 36 newspapers from every region of Brazil on April 8 2011, regarding the Realengo massacre were analyzed. With theoretical support from Roland Barthes, Martine Joly, Milton Guran, Jorge Santos and Ivan Lima the captions from two images that were repeated in nearly half the material analyzed, were selected. In the majority of cases the photographic captions do not fulfill their informative purpose, instead providing descriptions and opinions.O artigo visa investigar a função informativa da legenda fotográfica e como as linguagens visual e escrita se relacionam nos jornais diários brasileiros. As edições de 36 capas de jornais de todas as regiões do país do dia 8 de abril de 2011 sobre o massacre do Realengo foram analisadas. Com o suporte teórico de Roland Barthes, Martine Joly, Milton Guran, Jorge Santos e Ivan Lima foram selecionadas as legendas de duas imagens que se repetiram em mais da metade do corpus. Na maioria dos casos, as legendas fotográficas não cumpriram a função informativa, mas sim a descritiva e a opinativa.

  4. Image guidance and neuromonitoring in neurosurgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Wai Hoe; Mukhida, Karim; Rutka, James T

    2010-04-01

    The localization of tumors and epileptogenic foci within the somatosensory or language cortex of the brain of a child poses unique neurosurgical challenges. In the past, lesions in these regions were not treated aggressively for fear of inducing neurological deficits. As a result, while function may have been preserved, the underlying disease may not have been optimally treated, and repeat neurosurgical procedures were frequently required. Today, with the advent of preoperative brain mapping, image guidance or neuronavigation, and intraoperative monitoring, peri-Rolandic and language cortex lesions can be approached directly and definitively with a high degree of confidence that neurosurgical function will be maintained. The preoperative brain maps can now be achieved with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI, magnetoencephalography, and diffusion tensor imaging. Image guidance systems have improved significantly and include the use of the intraoperative MRI. Somatosensory, motor, and brainstem auditory-evoked potentials are used as standard neuromonitoring techniques in many centers around the world. Added to this now is the use of continuous train-of-five monitoring of the integrity of the corticospinal tract while operating in the peri-Rolandic region. We are in an era where continued advancements can be expected in mapping additional pathways such as visual, memory, and hearing pathways. With these new advances, neurosurgeons can expect to significantly improve their surgical outcomes further.

  5. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia eneidalealcunha@uol.com.br leal@ufba.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter_roland@rotmail.com MARIA ESTHER MACIEL Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais memaciel@yahoo.com.br SOLANGE COELHO VEREZA Universidade Federal Fluminense svereza@uol.com.br NOTA: Na organização deste número da Revista de Letras, o Comitê Editorial contou com a valiosa colaboração da Profa. Dra. Fernanda Maria Abreu Coutinho, Coordenadora do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras da UFC.

  6. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elias Soares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available CONSELHO EDITORIAL DA REVISTA DE LETRAS ABUÊNDIA PADILHA PINTO Universidade Federal de Pernambuco abuendia@elogica.com.br CLÁUDIO LEITÃO FUNREI Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais claudio@prover.com.br ENEIDA LEAL CUNHA Universidade Federal da Bahia abralic@ufba.br JOÃO AZENHA JÚNIOR Universidade de São Paulo azenha@usp.br JOSÉ LUIZ FIORIN Universidade de São Paulo jolufi@uol.com.br LEONOR SCLIAR-CABRAL Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina lsc@th.com.br LUIZ ANTONIO MARCUSCHI Universidade Federal de Pernambuco lumarc@elogica.com.br MARIA DO SOCORRO SILVA DE ARAGÃO Universidade Federal do Ceará acaragao@terra.com.br MARIA HELENA MIRA MATEUS Universidade de Lisboa mhm@.ip.pt MARCIA ARBEX Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais marphi@larnet.com.br NADJA DA COSTA RIBEIRO MOREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará nadja@ultranet.com.br PATRÍCIA ANNE VAUGHAN Universidade Federal do Ceará patricianne@uol.com.br ROLAND WALTER Universidade Federal de Pernambuco walter roland@hotmail.com.br

  7. Una teoría del cielo para el neobarroco: interpelaciones entre la “ficción autobiográfica” y el biografema

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    Anahi Rocio Pochettino

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo problematiza, en primer lugar, las interpelaciones entre la “ficción autobiográfica” de Severo Sarduy y el “biografema” de Roland Barthes, como una modulación en la pregunta acerca de formas de la simulación y de cómo escribir la propia autobiografía con otros. En segundo lugar, analiza la obra Teoría del Cielo de Arturo Carrera y Teresa Arijón, cuando a través de la imagen del tokonoma revisan el legado de Lezama Lima y Sarduy, e inscriben su experimentación biografemática en la tradición neobarroca. This essay problematizes, first, the interpellations between the concepts of “autobiographical fiction” from Severo Sarduy and “biografema” from Roland Barthes, as a modulation in the question of simulation and how to write the own autobiography with-others. Second, analyzes the work Theory of Heaven of Teresa Arijón and Arturo Carrera, when they review the heritage of Lezama Lima and Sarduy through the image of the tokonoma, and inscribe their biografemátical experimentation in the neo-baroque tradition.

  8. Effects of unstable shoes on chronic low back pain in health professionals: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armand, Stéphane; Tavcar, Ziva; Turcot, Katia; Allet, Lara; Hoffmeyer, Pierre; Genevay, Stéphane

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of unstable shoes in reducing low back pain in health professionals. Of a volunteer sample of 144 participants, 40 with nonspecific chronic low back pain were eligible and enrolled in this study. Participants were randomized to an intervention group, who wore unstable shoes (model MBT Fora), or a control group, who wore conventional sports shoes (model Adidas Bigroar). The participants had to wear the study shoes during their work hours, and at least 6 hours per workday, over a period of 6 weeks. The primary outcome was low back pain assessed on a Visual Analog Scale. The secondary outcomes were patient satisfaction, disability evaluated using Roland-Morris questionnaire and quality of life evaluated using EQ-VAS. The intervention group showed a significant decrease in pain scores compared to the control group. The rate of satisfaction was higher in the intervention group (79%) compared to the control group (25%). There was no significant difference for the Roland-Morris disability questionnaire score and the EQ-VAS scale. The results of this clinical trial suggest that wearing unstable shoes for 6 weeks significantly decreases low back pain in patients suffering from chronic low back pain but had no significant effect on quality of life and disability scores. Copyright © 2014 Société française de rhumatologie. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Partial evolution based local adiabatic quantum search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jie; Lu, Song-Feng; Liu, Fang; Yang, Li-Ping

    2012-01-01

    Recently, Zhang and Lu provided a quantum search algorithm based on partial adiabatic evolution, which beats the time bound of local adiabatic search when the number of marked items in the unsorted database is larger than one. Later, they found that the above two adiabatic search algorithms had the same time complexity when there is only one marked item in the database. In the present paper, following the idea of Roland and Cerf [Roland J and Cerf N J 2002 Phys. Rev. A 65 042308], if within the small symmetric evolution interval defined by Zhang et al., a local adiabatic evolution is performed instead of the original “global" one, this “new" algorithm exhibits slightly better performance, although they are progressively equivalent with M increasing. In addition, the proof of the optimality for this partial evolution based local adiabatic search when M = 1 is also presented. Two other special cases of the adiabatic algorithm obtained by appropriately tuning the evolution interval of partial adiabatic evolution based quantum search, which are found to have the same phenomenon above, are also discussed.

  10. El Poema de Almería y la tradición épica

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    Juan Gil

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo último del Poema de Almería no es rivalizar con las epopeyas de la Antigüedad, sino con los cantares de gesta franceses coetáneos, de los que tuvo presente sobre todo la Chanson de Roland. Ello explica la desmedida equiparación de Alfonso VII, el rey de Toledo que se proclamaba emperador de España, con un personaje tan legendario como Carlomagno.Le but ultime du Poème de Almería est de concurrencer non pas les épopées de l’Antiquité, mais les chansons de geste françaises contemporaines, dont la plus importante est la Chanson de Roland. Cela explique la comparaison disproportionnée qu'établit l'auteur entre Alphonse VII, roi de Tolède, qui se proclamait empereur d’Espagne, et le personnage légendaire de Charlemagne.

  11. Retorika Barack Hussein Obama Dan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Dalam Menanggapi Isu Isis Di Dunia

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    Livia

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research discuss about the rhetoric performed by Barack Hussein Obama as President of the United States and Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono as President of the Republic of Indonesia in delivering feedback over the ISIS issue that circulating around the world. ISIS is an organization who commit acts of terrorism in the name of Islam. The United States is known as ‘anti-Islam’ country’s, while Indonesia has the largest Muslim population in the world. Therefore, author used Roland Barthes semiotic to reveal differences in this two figures seen from their rhetoric of verbal and non-verbal language. Thus, we can reveal how this two figures performed their rhetoric over the ISIS issue that conveyed to the international community. Penelitian ini membahas mengenai retorika yang dilakukan oleh Barack Hussein Obama selaku Presiden Amerika Serikat dan Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono selaku Presiden Republik Indonesia dalam memberikan tanggapan mengenai isu ISIS yang beredar di dunia. ISIS merupakan sebuah organisasi yang melakukan tindakan terorisme dengan mengatasnamakan Islam. Amerika Serikat merupakan negara yang dikenal sebagai negara ‘anti Islam’, sedangkan Indonesia merupakan negara dengan penduduk muslim terbanyak di dunia. Oleh karena itu, penulis menggunakan semiotik Roland Barthes untuk mengungkapkan perbedaan retorika kedua tokoh dilihat dari bahasa verbal dan non verbalnya. Dengan demikian, dapat terlihat seperti apa retorika yang dilakukan oleh kedua tokoh yang ingin disampaikan kepada masyarakat internasional terkait isu ISIS.

  12. El mito de Pigmalión en textos literarios y fílmicos

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    Rodríguez, M.ª del Carmen

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available In this essay we will take Roland Barthes’ definition of Myth as the starting point for the analysis of several classical and contemporary versions of the myth of Pygmalion. According to Barthes, myth is not eternal, it is transient and human history can subvert and deconstruct it. This is what happens with the contemporary versions of this myth. Opposed to the classical versions that insist on the gender construction, contemporary examples subvert the pygmalonian character, erasing him from the scene or the screen so that the oppressed characters become owners of their lives, articulated and empowered.

    En este estudio se tomará como punto de partida a Roland Barthes y su definición de mito en el análisis de versiones clásicas y contemporáneas del mito de Pigmalión. Para Barthes, un mito no es eterno, sino transitorio ya que el curso de la historia de los pueblos puede subvertirlo y deconstruirlo. Así ocurre en las representaciones contemporáneas de Pigmalión. Al contrario de las versiones clásicas, que perpetúan la construcción de género, las obras más contemporáneas subvierten al personaje pigmalioniano, le restan importancia hasta hacerlo casi desaparecer, y son los personajes, en principio, subordinados quienes se forjan su educación hasta conseguir su articulación personal.

  13. Comorbidity of DCD and SLI: Significance of epileptiform activity during sleep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scabar, A; Devescovi, R; Blason, L; Bravar, L; Carrozzi, M

    2006-11-01

    In children affected by specific language impairment (SLI), many authors have investigated a link between language and epileptiform discharges during sleep resembling the focal sharp waves typical of benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BECTS), the so-called rolandic spikes. On the other hand, the same electroencephalographic trait occurs in more than 50% of children affected by learning or behavioural disabilities without seizures, supporting the hypothesis of a common genetic disposition. The biological background of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is currently unknown, but a genetic liability may be assumed. The aims of our study were first to estimate the prevalence of sleep-related epileptiform discharges in children affected by DCD and second to investigate the occurrence of DCD in a population of children affected by BECTS. We selected a group of eight children with severe DCD. In this group, the presence of epileptiform activity was investigated. We also searched for DCD among a group of 13 children affected by BECTS. We found rolandic spikes in more than 70% of the children with severe DCD and severe DCD in more than 30% of the children with BECTS. In children with severe DCD other disabilities are frequently associated. In these children, epileptiform activity during sleep is very frequently found and in our opinion, this represents a hallmark of 'Hereditary Impairment of Brain Maturation', a term only partially resembling 'Atypical Brain Development'.

  14. The concept of hereditary impairment of brain maturation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doose, H; Neubauer, B A; Petersen, B

    2000-01-01

    The classification of benign partial epilepsies and related conditions includes (besides rolandic epilepsy) atypical benign partial epilepsy, bioelectrical status epilepticus (ESES) and a variety of other syndromes. The broad overlap of the clinical and bioelectrical symptomatology might reflect a pathogenetic background common to these epilepsies. In order to understand the great phenotypic variability, the clinical symptomatology in 56 sibships with focal sharp waves of genetic origin was analyzed. A genetic determination was assumed if, in addition to the index case, at least one sibling or offspring revealed typical focal sharp waves. The 56 index-cases and their 61 sib/offspring/parents showed a broad spectrum of epileptic and non-epileptic conditions ranging from mild selective performance deficits to severe complex mental retardation, from neonatal seizures, febrile convulsions, and simple rolandic epilepsy to severe epilepsies with minor seizures or ESES. The different conditions are not disease entities but sets of variably weighted symptoms of a complex pathogenetic background, in which a genetic disposition to focal anomalies of brain function is of decisive importance. As can be demonstrated by the data, this genetic liability coincides with other widespread genetic traits, expressed in certain EEG patterns, as well as with lesional pathogenetic factors. The biological background of the genetic focal anomaly is currently unknown. The marked age dependence of the symptoms justifies the assumption of an hereditary impairment of brain maturation.

  15. Osteopathic manipulative treatment of back pain and related symptoms during pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Licciardone, John C; Buchanan, Steve; Hensel, Kendi L; King, Hollis H; Fulda, Kimberly G; Stoll, Scott T

    2010-01-01

    To study osteopathic manipulative treatment of back pain and related symptoms during the third trimester of pregnancy. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to compare usual obstetric care and osteopathic manipulative treatment, usual obstetric care and sham ultrasound treatment, and usual obstetric care only. Outcomes included average pain levels and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire to assess back-specific functioning. Intention-to-treat analyses included 144 subjects. The Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire scores worsened during pregnancy; however, back-specific functioning deteriorated significantly less in the usual obstetric care and osteopathic manipulative treatment group (effect size, 0.72; 95% confidence interval, 0.31-1.14; P = .001 vs usual obstetric care only; and effect size, 0.35; 95% confidence interval, -0.06 to 0.76; P = .09 vs usual obstetric care and sham ultrasound treatment). During pregnancy, back pain decreased in the usual obstetric care and osteopathic manipulative treatment group, remained unchanged in the usual obstetric care and sham ultrasound treatment group, and increased in the usual obstetric care only group, although no between-group difference achieved statistical significance. Osteopathic manipulative treatment slows or halts the deterioration of back-specific functioning during the third trimester of pregnancy. 2010 Mosby, Inc.

  16. Editorial. A propósito de la legitimidad en la investigación cualitativa (About legitimacy in qualitative research (A propósito da legitimidade na pesquisa qualitativa

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    Mauricio Pérez-Abril

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl artículo presenta dos líneas de pensamiento, desde las cuales se tensionan algunos postulados relacionados con la legitimidad de la investigación cualitativa, en relación con asuntos como la validez como camino para ganar dicha legitimidad. En el texto se toma posición por la investigación, fundamentalmente, como una actividad de producción discursiva, que se rige por la argumentación como la vía para garantizar su legitimidad. Acudiendo, principalmente, a planteamientos claves de Roland Barthes, Jesús Ibáñez e Irene Vasilachis, se esboza una perspectiva epistemológica que se inserta en el debate actual sobre la investigación cualitativa en las ciencias sociales. AbstractThis article presents two lines of thought that provoke tension among some postulates related to legitimacy in qualitative research; those related to issues like validity as a way to achieve legitimacy. I take a stance for research, basically, as an activity of discursive production that follows argumentation to guarantee its legitimacy. Finding support in some key ideas from Roland Barthes, Jesús Ibáñez and Irene Vasilachis, I depict an epistemological perspective that falls within the current discussion about qualitative research in social science. ResumoO artigo apresenta duas linhas de pensamento, desde as quais se cogitam alguns postulados relacionados com a legitimidade da pesquisa qualitativa, em relação com assuntos como a validade como caminho para ganhar tal legitimidade. No texto toma-se posição pela pesquisa, fundamentalmente, como uma atividade de produção discursiva, que se rege pela argumentação como a via para garantir sua legitimidade. Acudindo, principalmente, a propostas chave de Roland Barthes, Jesús Ibáñez e Irene Vasilachis, se esboça uma perspectiva epistemológica que se insere no debate atual sobre a pesquisa qualitativa nas ciências sociais.

  17. Сaudal epidural blocks in the treatment of pain syndromes of the lumbosacral spine in degenerative-dystrophic diseases

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    I.V. Roy

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Background. Сaudal epidural blocks — minimally invasive method of treating pain syndromes of the low back through the introduction of drugs into the epidural space through hiatus sacralis. The purpose of the study was to analyze the results of the treatment for pain syndromes of lumbosacral spine in its degenerative-dystrophic diseases by сaudal epidural blocks. Materials and methods. Retrospective analysis was performed in 49 patients (23 men and 26 women aged 55.4 ± 2.1 years with complaints of low back pain, who were treated by сaudal epidural blocks. Group 1 — 27 persons with protrusions or herniated discs. Group 2 — 22 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. The period of observation was at least 3 months after the procedure. Evaluation of treatment results was carried out by Visual analogue scale for pain assessment, Roland-Morris indices of the quality of life and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI. The number of the procedures performed was 1–3. Results. In group 1, it was marked a persistent regression of pain syndrome from 7.07 ± 1.10 cm to 3.29 ± 1.29 cm after treatment, 4.02 ± 1.64 cm — in 1 month, 4.07 ± 1.81 cm — in 3 months (p < 0.05. In group 2, we observed less pronounced and lasting regression of pain syndrome, from 7.18 ± 1.29 cm to 3.50 ± 1.33 cm after the procedure, 3.86 ± 1.72 cm — in 1 month, 4.18 ± 2.03 cm — in 3 months (p < 0.05. Regression of pain syndrome is also strongly correlated with Roland-Morris indices of the quality of life and ODI. Conclusions. Сaudal epidural block is an effective treatment of low back pain with hernias and protrusions of intervertebral discs, as well as lumbar spinal stenosis. Regression of pain correlated with improvement of quality of life according to the Roland-Morris disability questionnaires and ODI at all stages of monitoring.

  18. Gain in Body Fat Is Associated with Increased Striatal Response to Palatable Food Cues, whereas Body Fat Stability Is Associated with Decreased Striatal Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stice, Eric; Yokum, Sonja

    2016-06-29

    Cross-sectional brain-imaging studies reveal that obese versus lean humans show greater responsivity of reward and attention regions to palatable food cues, but lower responsivity of reward regions to palatable food receipt. However, these individual differences in responsivity may result from a period of overeating. We conducted a repeated-measures fMRI study to test whether healthy weight adolescent humans who gained body fat over a 2 or 3 year follow-up period show an increase in responsivity of reward and attention regions to a cue signaling impending milkshake receipt and a simultaneous decrease in responsivity of reward regions to milkshake receipt versus adolescents who showed stability of or loss of body fat. Adolescents who gained body fat, who largely remained in a healthy weight range, showed increases in activation in the putamen, mid-insula, Rolandic operculum, and precuneus to a cue signaling impending milkshake receipt versus those who showed stability of or loss of body fat, though these effects were partially driven by reductions in responsivity among the latter groups. Adolescents who gained body fat reported significantly greater milkshake wanting and milkshake pleasantness ratings at follow-up compared to those who lost body fat. Adolescents who gained body fat did not show a reduction in responsivity of reward regions to milkshake receipt or changes in responsivity to receipt and anticipated receipt of monetary reward. Data suggest that initiating a prolonged period of overeating may increase striatal responsivity to food cues, and that maintaining a balance between caloric intake and expenditure may reduce striatal, insular, and Rolandic operculum responsivity. This novel, repeated-measures brain-imaging study suggests that adolescents who gained body fat over our follow-up period experienced an increase in striatal responsivity to cues for palatable foods compared to those who showed stability of or loss of body fat. Results also imply that

  19. High Teas, High Collars and High Rise Buildings in a ‘High-Context’ Culture: The Semiotics of Japan’s Project of Modernity

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    Nicolas Adam Cambridge

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses a paradigm shift in Japanese society during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries – focusing on the encounters with Western culinary, sartorial and architectural practice experienced by a ‘high-context’ culture (Hall, 1976. The main discussion documents the differentiated reception of these changes – valorised by reformers for whom engaging with the outside world was key to their project of modernity, but treated with suspicion by members of the proletariat who feared for the purity of traditional Japanese values. The manner in which the resulting tensions were mediated through the print media and imagery of domestic visual culture is interrogated using a prism of semiotic analysis and the findings located within a contemporary context to suggest that Roland Barthes’ analytical approach to the country as an ‘empire of signs’ (Barthes, 1982 retains its original traction.

  20. Culture and Creativity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib

    INTRODUCTION The present publication deals with issues of imagination and creativity as a notion, philosophy – and social and cultural form, with point of departure in current debates on visual culture. Whereas these debates cover a large ground, spanning from media studies over design to cultural...... studies, they seldom reflect on the basic fact that visual culture in its present form indicates a huge collective creativity in some capacity, implicating the entire postwar era. From early focuses on the possible social and cultural roles of the image in the 1950s and 60s - e.g. in work of Roland...... and cognitive science. Thus visual culture points to an interesting inroad to - and a possible novel focus on - the image - pictorial representation - as an issue of cultural creativity. For one thing the current interest in visual culture goes along with a surge in concrete interest in culture and creativity...

  1. Magnetic resonance imaging findings as predictors of clinical outcome in patients with sciatica receiving active conservative treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tue Secher; Albert, Hanne B; Sorensen, Joan S

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate the possible prognostic value of disk-related magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in relation to recovery at 14 months in patients with severe sciatica, and whether improvement of disk herniation and/or nerve root compromise is concurrent...... with recovery. METHODS: All patients included in this prospective observational study of patients with sciatica receiving active conservative treatment were scanned at baseline and at 14 months' follow-up. Definite recovery at follow-up was defined as an absence of sciatic leg pain and a Roland Morris...... in that the prevalence of disk-related MRI findings was different for men and women, and they had different recovery rates. Improvement of disk herniations and nerve root compromise over time did not coincide with definite recovery. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with sciatica receiving active conservative treatment, broad...

  2. Introducción a una semiótica del crimen/Iintroduction to a semiotics of the crime

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    Manuel Monroy Correa (México

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Es la teoría general de los signos y también una ciencia es una actividad que se realiza cotidianamente siempre que se busque conocer el modo en que se estructuran los mensajes de cualquier tipo desde una perspectiva metodológica. Es una actividad que se realiza cotidianamente siempre que se busque conocer el modo en que se estructuran los mensajes de cualquier tipo desde una perspectiva metodológica crimen como relato, bajo la perspectiva semiótica que Roland Barthes daba al término, a saber, la construcción sintagmática de los elementos de una narración. El sintagma, como unidad de sentido, contiene signos que elaboran, mediante reglas, el sentido.

  3. On the particle-size distribution function of cometary dust

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekanina, Z.

    1980-01-01

    The characterization of the particle size distribution in cometary tails is considered. The particle-size related distribution function of the acceleration exerted on the cometary particle by solar radiation pressure used by Finson and Probstein (1968) is introduced, and distribution functions observed for the comets Arend-Roland 1957 III, Bennett 1970 II and Seki-Lines 1962 III are illustrated. It is pointed out that although the distribution functions have features in common, the rate of decrease of the distribution towards zero acceleration (large particles) is not well determined. An approximation for the size distribution in this range obtained from a photometric study of anomalous cometary tails is presented, and used to formulate an a priori distribution law which can be used to approximate all types of expected distributions by varying three key parameters.

  4. ARCHITECTS OF LIFE; LIVING AMID RUINS: INDIVIDUAL; GENERATIONAL AND INTERGENERATIONAL MEMORY IN “IN YOUR HANDS” BY INÊS PEDROSA

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    Denise Almeida Silva

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study is an analysis of the role of individual and social memory in Inês Pedrosa’s novel Nas tuas mãos, which chronicles the lives of three women, whose memories are presented successively through three different media: journal, photo album and letters. Together, the registers of the grandmoth­er, mother and daughter cover approximately 60 years of Portugal history, from the interwar years to the wars for the preservation of the overseas possessions, encompassing, yet, Salazar´s Estado Novo (“New State”. The study of the complex overlapping between individual and social memory relies on the thought of Maurice Halbwachs and Aleida Assmann, whose bipartition of social memory in generational and intergenerational I adopt; studies from Philippe Lejeune, Roland Barthes and Pierre Bourdieu under­lie the analysis of the relevance of the distinct memory supports to which each of the character relies.

  5. Benign nocturnal alternating hemiplegia of childhood: two cases with positive evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villéga, Frédéric; Picard, Fabienne; Espil-Taris, Caroline; Husson, Marie; Michel, Véronique; Pedespan, Jean-Michel

    2011-06-01

    Benign nocturnal alternating hemiplegia (BNAH) of childhood is distinct from the classic form of malignant alternating hemiplegia of childhood [1]. It is characterized by hemiplegic attacks occurring exclusively during sleep [2]. It can be misdiagnosed as migraine, nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, benign rolandic epilepsy, Panayiotopoulos syndrome, or sleep-related movement disorder [1-4]. Only nine patients have been described to date, with typically, a normal development [1,5-7]. In order to insist about the benignity of the affection, we report two cases: a new three-year-old boy suffering from BNAH and a patient already published to show positive evolution at fourteen years of age. BNAH is a rare disorder but may be underdiagnosed. Making an early diagnosis can help to describe to the parents the good prognosis without treatment. Copyright © 2010 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Do Patient-Reported Outcome Measures describe functioning in patients with low back pain, using the Brief International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set as a reference?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Charlotte; Schiøttz-Christensen, Berit; Melchiorsen, Hanne

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To link the items in the Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs): Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire, Short Form 36 (SF-36) and pain scores, to the Brief International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for low back pain, and to examine the extent...... to which a clinician's assessment of patients' problems according to the Brief ICF Core Set correlates with the scores of matching items from the PROMs. METHODS: The PROMs were linked to the Brief ICF Core Set for low back pain. Secondly, a cross-sectional study was conducted including 70 patients with low...... back pain. The patients completed the PROMs, and the Brief ICF Core Set for low back pain was assessed by a clinician using qualifiers. RESULTS: The items in the PROMs were successfully linked to the ICF. Twelve of the 38 unique ICF categories derived from the PROMs were covered by the Brief ICF Core...

  7. Itineraries of textual enjoyment. From Barthes to Masotta

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    Rodrigo Montenegro

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The following study proposes a research of the link between Roland Barthes and Oscar Masotta, to the end of showing the articulation of the critical practice born with the French theory and its projection over the Argentinean cultural scene of the 1960s. This reading operation and appropriation can be seen in the notion of ‘discontinuity’, created by Barthes towards 1962 in his reading of Michel Butor’s Mobile. Some years later, in 1966, this notion is taken by Masotta and re-elaborated to account for the pop-art languages and the irruption of certain aesthetics in the media. Simultaneously, through their unique ways, both authors transit from a semiological structural perspective to psychoanalysis as a method for reading and critical production.

  8. Biomembrane Frontiers Nanostructures, Models, and the Design of Life

    CERN Document Server

    Faller, Roland; Risbud, Subhash H; Jue, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    HANDBOOK OF MODERN BIOPHYSICS Series Editor Thomas Jue, PhD Handbook of Modern Biophysics brings current biophysics topics into focus, so that biology, medical, engineering, mathematics, and physical-science students or researchers can learn fundamental concepts and the application of new techniques in addressing biomedical challenges. Chapters explicate the conceptual framework of the physics formalism and illustrate the biomedical applications. With the addition of problem sets, guides to further study, and references, the interested reader can continue to explore independently the ideas presented. Volume II: Biomembrane Frontiers: Nanostructures, Models, and the Design of Life Editors: Roland Faller, PhD, Thomas Jue, PhD, Marjorie L. Longo, PhD, and Subhash H. Risbud, PhD In Biomembrane Frontiers: Nanostructures, Models, and the Design of Life, prominent researchers have established a foundation for the study of biophysics related to the following topics: Perspectives: Complexes in Liquids, 1900–2008 Mol...

  9. A Study of Postmodern Narrative in Akbar Radi's Khanomche and Mahtabi

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    Hajar Abbasi Narinabad

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This project aims to explore representation of narratology based on some recent postmodern theories backed up by the ideas of some postmodern discourses including Roland Barthes, Jean-François Lyotard, Julia Kristeva and William James with an especial focus on Akbar Radi-the Persian Playwright- drama Khanomche and Mahtabi .The article begins by providing a terminological view of narrative in general and postmodern narrative in specific. As postmodern narrative elements are too general and the researcher could not cover them all, she has gone through the most eminent elements: intertextuality, stream of consciousness style, fragmentation and representation respectively which are delicately utilized in Khanomche and Mahtabi. The review then critically applies the theories on the mentioned drama. The article concludes by recommending a few directions for the further research.

  10. Semiotik og retorik

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    Søren Kjørup

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available Retorikken har i de senere år været genstand for en fornyet interesse, ikke mindst som sprogligt redskabsfag til forbedring og effektivisering af f.eks. politisk og kommerciel kommunikation. I denne artikel argumenterer Søren Kjørup for, at retorikken også har en mere grundlæggende analytisk og videnskabsteoretisk relevans. Roland Barthes forsøgte i 1960´erne at introducere retoriske aspekter i semiotikken, men da semiotikkens erken- delsesinteresse og epistemologi er en grundlæggende anden end retorik- kens, lykkedes denne integration ikke. I artiklen introduceres retorikkens samlede lærebygning, og der argumenteres for, at retorikkens videnska- belige grundsyn er en parallel til den amerikanske pragmatiske filosofi. Set i dette lys kan retorikken birage til udvikling af en mere konstruktiv videnskabsfilosofi, der gør sig fri af tidligere dikotomier mellem objektivitet og subjektivitet, absolut sandhed og den rene relativisme.

  11. Hvad betyder tegningen – tegning, kontekst og afkodning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skotting, Inger Merete

    2007-01-01

    udfoldes teorien i takt med analyserne i mit analyseafsnit. I Analyse I praktiserer jeg en semiotisk læsning af min empiri. I den forbindelse anvender jeg først og fremmest teoretikeren Roland Barthes, men inddrager også kort Søren Kjørup og Umberto Eco. I Analyse II anvender jeg en fænomenologisk læsning...... af mit analysemateriale. Her anvender jeg igen Barthes som teoretiker; denne gang i en – som nævnt – fænomenologisk optik, som beskrives i hans værk Det lyse kammer.    Med de to forskellige teoretiske tilgange søger jeg endeligt i min konklusion at sammenholde mine resultater og således indkredse og...

  12. Autour des “scénographies auctoriales” : entretien avec José-Luis Diaz, auteur de L’écrivain imaginaire (2007 “Authorial scenographies”: an interview with José-Luis Diaz, author of L’écrivain imaginaire (2007

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    Dominique Maingueneau

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available José-Luis, selon ta propre formulation, ton livre L’écrivain imaginaire s’insère dans une histoire des représentations de l’écrivain. Pourrais-tu nous en dire plus sur les tenants et les aboutissants de ce projet ? En particulier, dans quel sens prends-tu l’expression « écrivain imaginaire », à distinguer de la personne réelle de l’écrivain ?Au début de mes recherches, à l’heure où l’auteur était censé être mort selon le titre célèbre d’un article de Roland Barthes (1968, j’ai pensé d’emblée...

  13. DAN SURAT KABAR PUN BERASAP (MEMAKNAI PESAN VISUAL HARIAN REPUBLIKA EDISI KAMIS 8 OKTOBER 2015

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    Anita Trisiah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Smoke had been familiar recently in Indonesia. It was caused by the burning of forest both consciously and unconsciously. And, the effect of this situation was very dangerous for every citizens especially those who lived in the area. Government, local and national, give no worthy respond toward the problem until a national newspaper made a breakthrough by making an extraordinary layout on it first page, a smoky page. This lead people asked question on what it meant. Through the semiotic theory stated by Roland Barthes, the researcher tried to find out what it meant denotatively and connotatively through some stages, signifier, signified and sign. After analyzing the stages, it was found that the smoky front page contained many messages. But, the main point was the illustration of what citizen who lived in the smoky city felt. Moreover, important news was not seen clearly.

  14. Image-word: the iconicity of writing in Milton Hatoum’s "Relato de um certo oriente"

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    Daiane Carneiro Pimentel

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article intends to demonstrate that Milton Hatoum’s novel Relato de um Certo Oriente (1989 explains the affinity between the acts of reading and seeing, such affinity dates back to the iconic origins of writing. Despite not presenting any material image in yours pages or exploiting the graphic dimension of letters in which is composed, the work in question reestablishes the links between the verbal and the visual by reference to arabic alphabet, coffee grounds reading, Soraya Ângela’s expressive forms and comet written/drawn by Dorner. Thus, Hatoum’s novel, when addressing the writing iconicity, not only suggests the similarity between the gesture of writers and visual artists but also confirms the critique of “alphabet-centrism”, which, selon Roland Barthes (2004, neglects the cryptographic, ritualistic and symbolic aspect that characterizes the writing practice.

  15. "Ocê quer guiá seus passo lá pras franja do mar?": de como a literatura oral inspirou o teatro televisivo: hoje é dia de Maria: jornada um

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    Hauschild, Adriane

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo resulta de um estudo de mestrado sobre a análise da adaptação de histórias da literatura oral brasileira para a televisão. A pesquisa considerou a microssérie Hoje é dia de Maria - jornada um (2005 e quatro contos da literatura oral que serviram de fonte de inspiração: A menina enterrada viva; Como a noite apareceu; Maria Borralheira e o Papagaio do Limo Verde. Com o objetivo de verificar as transformações sofridas pelo texto literário ao ser adaptado para um texto televisivo, foram utilizadas as teorias de Propp (1984, de Roland Barthes (1973, os estudos dos folcloristas Luis da Câmara Cascudo (1978 e Sílvio Romero (1954, os conceitos sobre adaptação de Doc Comparato (1995, entre outros

  16. Suspensión del sentido y repetición en El ángel exterminador (Buñuel, 1962. Suspension of meaning and repetition in Buñuel’s The exterminating angel (1962

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    Pedro Poyato

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Caracterizada por Roland Barthes como una de las obras fílmicas que mejor suspenden el sentido, El ángel exterminador (Luis Buñuel, 1962 se estructura en torno a una serie de repeticiones que anteceden y ponen punto final a la situación de aislamiento sufrida por un grupo de burgueses que quedan atrapados en el salón de la mansión donde se han dado cita para cenar. El presente trabajo trata de dar cuenta de estas repeticiones, de su génesis y estructura formal, así como de su funcionamiento en el texto como generadoras de una nueva concepción del tiempo cinematográfico.

  17. (EfFacing the Face of Nationalism: Wrestling Masks in Chicano and Mexican Performance Art

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    Robert Neustadt

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Masks serve as particularly effective props in contemporary Mexican and Chicano performance art because of a number of deeply rooted traditions in Mexican culture. This essay explores the mask as code of honor in Mexican culture, and foregrounds the manner in which a number of contemporary Mexican and Chicano artists and performers strategically employ wrestling masks to (efface the mask-like image of Mexican or U.S. nationalism. I apply the label "performance artist" broadly, to include musicians and political figures that integrate an exaggerated sense of theatricality into their performances. Following the early work of Roland Barthes, I read performances as "texts" in which the wrestling masks function as immediately recognizable signs . I argue that by masking their identity and alluding to popular mask traditions, Chicano and Mexican performance artists make visible, and interrogate, the national face(s of power.

  18. Reading the Historical Phenomenon of Australian Bushrangers

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    Yohanes Hartadi

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Outlaws in their various images have been important parts of history. In Australia, the longest lasting image of outlaws is the bushranger. Despite its popularity, there is a range of depictions of bushrangers and these are not necessarily similar. Interpretation of the bushrangers in colonial time differs from contemporary imagining. This papers aims at unfolding the various interpretations of the bushrangers in different periods in many types of artifact. Information was collected and interpreted by library research. The artifact analysis will be seen through a postmodernism theory by Michel Foucault and Roland Barthes. Since the phenomenon of bushranger stemmed from the colonial period, this study will commence from the period up to contemporary period. It can be concluded that a study of the different periods finds out that knowledge of the bushrangers does not make up a linear history, but rather a discontinuity in the historical narratives. 

  19. Plotting Gothic: A Paradox

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    Stephen Murray

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The paradox of the title is that while most historians of medieval architecture agree that a combination of geometric and arithmetic methods was generally used to lay out a medieval church, there has been little consensus on the specifics of the process in relation to the design of any particular edifice. I begin by identifying four premises which underlie the debate. I then ask whether the new technologies — laser scanning and computer assisted design/drafting applications — can help. A case study uses newly generated point cloud data from a laser scan of the choir of Beauvais Cathedral. Finally, the notion of ‘plotting’ introduces essential sociological, anthropological and rhetorical dimensions. In the spirit of Roland Barthes ('Le plaisir du texte' and Peter Brooks ('Reading for the Plot', we can understand the urgency with which the architectural historian may seek to unscramble the hidden codes of the building as compulsive ‘reading for the plot’.

  20. Analisis Semiotik Sajak Bulang Cahaya

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    Junaidi Junaidi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menggali makna tanda yang terdapat dalam sajak Bulang Cahaya karya Rida K Liamsi. Untuk menggali makna itu, pendekatan analisis semiotik Roland Barthes digunakan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sajak ini berisi tanda-tanda bersumber dari kosa kata Melayu lama. Sajak ini juga berisi simbol-simbol yang berkaitan dengan kehidupan orang Melayu. Penggunaan kata-kata Melayu lama dan simbol Melayu memperkuat setting Melayu dalam sajak ini. Analisis makna menunjukkan bahwa seseorang merasakan kedukaan sangat mendalam ketika cintanya harus berakhir, tetapi ia terus merasakan kerinduan dengan kekasihnya yang telah pergi. Mitos cinta yang terdapat dalam pusinya adalah orang tahu bahwa putus cinta itu menyakitkan tetapi orang tetap saja jatuh cinta.

  1. Philla en Gouelokkies: Intertekstualiteit in Boom Bomer Boomste

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    G. Wybenga

    1985-05-01

    Full Text Available Die taalkundige Ferdinand de Saussure se opvatting oor die ontstaan van betekenis word veral deur die Post-Strukturaliste op die literatuur van toepassing gemaak. Betekenis ontstaan nie op grond van ’n teksinterne struktuur nie, maar op grond van die verhouding wat dié teks met ander tekste aangaan: “De betekenis van de tekst is het resultaat van verschil én overeenkomste met andere teksten”, (Van Boheemen, 1981:122. Die begrip ‘teks’ word in die ruimste sin van die woord opgeneem. Vergelyk Roland Barthes se vyf kodes wat buite die geskrewe teks om ook in die maatskaplike ruimte bestaan. Die buitetekstuele werklikheid is self 'n soort teks wat saamgestei is uit dié vyf kodes, 'n netwerk waardeur ’n literêre teks beweeg en “in passing becomes a text” (Barthes, aangehaal deur Jefferson, 1982:102.

  2. Proposals for the Operationalisation of the Discourse Theory of Laclau and Mouffe Using a Triangulation of Lexicometrical and Interpretative Methods

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    Georg Glasze

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The discourse theory of Ernesto LACLAU and Chantal MOUFFE brings together three elements: the FOUCAULTian notion of discourse, the (post- MARXist notion of hegemony, and the poststructuralist writings of Jacques DERRIDA and Roland BARTHES. Discourses are regarded as temporary fixations of differential relations. Meaning, i.e. any social "objectivity", is conceptualised as an effect of such a fixation. The discussion on an appropriate operationalisation of such a discourse theory is just beginning. In this paper, it is argued that a triangulation of two linguistic methods is appropriate to reveal temporary fixations: by means of corpus-driven lexicometric procedures as well as by the analysis of narrative patterns, the regularities of the linkage of elements can be analysed (for example, in diachronic comparisons. The example of a geographic research project shows how, in so doing, the historically contingent constitution of an international community and "world region" can be analysed. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0702143

  3. SEM A FOME DA DEFINIÇÃO: O PUNCTUM E O HAICAI

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    Iury Bueno

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto é dedicado a uma reflexão sobre as possíveis intersecções entre fotografia e haikai encontradas na obra de Roland Barthes, abarcando aquelas obras do autor suscetíveis de ilustrá-las a saber: Império dos Signos (1970, O Neutro (1977-1978, A Preparação do Romance (1978-1979 e A Câmara Clara (1980. Nosso foco é sobre o possível emaranhamento do conceito de "punctum" e "neutro", respectivamente, referindo-se à imagem fotográfica e à escrita, e igualmente supondo um escape do paradigma do significado.

  4. The affective depth of bereavement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Køster, Allan

    In his mourning diaries, Roland Barthes circles around a distinction between the ‘emotivity’ of grief and what he terms ‘suffering’ in grief. The emotivity of grief, we are told, passes with time. Suffering, however, does not. While emotivity manifests in waves, like brushes of emotional states...... with relatively clear boundaries, suffering remains a constant affective reality. What Barthes ventures into, is the complexity of the poorly understood affective dimension of grief. Grief is usually referred to as a cluster of mixed emotions, including anger, longing, despair etc., and only rarely...... is it understood in simple terms as a specific emotion with clear-cut boundaries etc. Unfortunately, there are therefore close to no resources in contemporary literature that can help us theorise what Barthes refers to as ‘suffering’ in grief, when this designates the affective constant throughout waves...

  5. Intertextuality in Ancient Greek Tragedy: The Case of Euripidean Orestes

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    Blaž Zabel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the role of intertextuality in understanding Euripides’ Orestes, beginning with an overview of intertextuality theories, especially those from the domain of structuralism, i.e. by Julia Kristeva (and Mikhail Bakhtin, Roland Barthes, Michael Riffaterre, and Gérard Genette. The second part of the paper discusses the theoretical implications of intertextuality for classical philology and provides a literature review of intertextuality in Orestes. The concluding part presents three possible objections to Zeitlin’s argument about the intertextuality of Orestes. A discussion of the social context of the tragedy is followed by an account of the structuralists’ understanding of language and rounded off with speculations on the possibility of intertextuality in oral literature.

  6. And to end on a poetic note: Galen’s authorial strategies in the pharmacological books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Totelin, Laurence M.V.

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the authorial strategies deployed by Galen in his two main pharmacological treatises devoted to compound remedies: Composition of Medicines according to Types and Composition of Medicines according to Places. Some of Galen’s methods of self assertion (use of the first person; writing of prefaces) are conventional. Others have not received much attention from scholars. Thus, here, I examine Galen’s borrowing of his sources’ ‘I’; his use of the phrase ‘in these words’; and his recourse to Damocrates’ verse to conclude pharmacological books. I argue that Galen’s authorial persona is very different from that of the modern author as defined by Roland Barthes. Galen imitates and impersonates his pharmacological sources. This re-enactment becomes a way to gain experience (peira) of remedies and guarantees their efficacy.

  7. And to end on a poetic note: Galen's authorial strategies in the pharmacological books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Totelin, Laurence M V

    2012-06-01

    This paper examines the authorial strategies deployed by Galen in his two main pharmacological treatises devoted to compound remedies: Composition of Medicines according to Types and Composition of Medicines according to Places. Some of Galen's methods of self assertion (use of the first person; writing of prefaces) are conventional. Others have not received much attention from scholars. Thus, here, I examine Galen's borrowing of his sources' 'I'; his use of the phrase 'in these words'; and his recourse to Damocrates' verse to conclude pharmacological books. I argue that Galen's authorial persona is very different from that of the modern author as defined by Roland Barthes. Galen imitates and impersonates his pharmacological sources. This re-enactment becomes a way to gain experience (peira) of remedies and guarantees their efficacy.

  8. Filer la métaphore dramaturgique. Efficacité et limites conceptuelles du théâtre de la posture

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    Valérie Stiénon

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sur la scène du texte, pas de rampe : il n’y a pas derrière le texte quelqu’un d’actif (l’écrivain et devant lui quelqu’un de passif (le lecteur ; il n’y a pas un sujet et un objet. Le texte périme les attitudes grammaticales.Roland Barthes, Le Plaisir du texte, 1973.Dans ce qu’il est convenu de nommer l’« ère médiatique », la notion de posture peut apparaître comme d’autant plus pertinente que l’écrivain tend à assimiler, à la construction de son identité d’auteur, une mise en scène publiq...

  9. Interview with Di Gao PhD

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    Di Gao

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Di Gao is currently a scientist in the Quality Control department of AstraZeneca. She is responsible for technology transfer, stability programs and supporting regulatory submission. She has a BSc and PhD degree in chemistry and interned with Genentech in 2012. After completing her Ph.D. from University of Michigan in June 2013, she joined the R&D department of the United States Pharmacopeia (USP to support USP monograph modernization and since June 2014 she has been working in her current position at AstraZeneca. Recently, she won a prestigious award from Women in Bio (WIB. WIB is an organization of professionals committed to promoting careers, leadership and entrepreneurship for women in the life sciences. This interview was conducted by Roland J.W. Meesters PhD, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Applied Bioanalysis.

  10. Kepemimpinan dalam Agama Hindu Studi Naskah Lontar Nitipraya

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    Aris Hidayat

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In Bali, it has been a long tradition to write on such palm leaves. Several of thosemanuscripts contained leadership stories. This reseach utilized content analyzesapproach and Roland Barthe's semiotics post structural method. Leadership thoughtsin Nytipraya manuscript called siksakarya described through the nature and behaviorsof crow and rooster. This manuscript is full of very good moral lessons for leaders. Inadditional to moral lessons contained in siksakarya, there is also Pancaksara lesson.This thought guided someone in order to free from dissasters and suffers coming fromall directions. To achieve this goals, someone has to follow self-approach stages to theGod (Sang Hyang Widhi including tapa, brata, yoga and meditation stages. All aredirected to basic human goals as in Hinduism concepts of dharma, artha, kama andmoksa.Key Words: Palmyra Palm, Leadership, Siksakarya, Pancaksara

  11. Interview with Xiaoli Wang PhD winner of CACA 2016 Young Investigator Award

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    Xiaoli Wang

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Xiaoli Wang is currently an R&D Senior Scientist in Agilent’s HPLC instrument R&D group at Agilent Technologies, Waldbronn, Germany. Prior to this, he was an R&D manager in Agilent’s CrossLab Group in the US focusing on development of novel chromatographic columns. He has a B.S. degree in Chemistry from Peking University, Beijing China and a PhD. degree in Analytical Chemistry from the University of Minnesota in 2006. He started his industrial career in the pharmaceutical industry at AstraZeneca for four years before joining Agilent Technologies in 2010. Recently, he won the prestigious 2016 Young Investigator Award from Chinese American Chromatography Association (CACA. This interview was conducted by Roland J.W. Meesters PhD, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Applied Bioanalysis.

  12. Wilde, la nueva crítica

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    Roxana Haydée Páez

    2002-11-01

    cultivados e ilustres de América Latina, recordando la más actual de Silvia Molloy que hace hincapié en el carácter político de una pose que fue rebajada tradicionalmente a la frivolidad, el artículo rescata la sutileza crítica del escritor. Encubiertas bajo un título que aparenta banalidad, La importancia de no hacer nada (1891, se encuentran las formulaciones teóricas de “El crítico como artista” y “Del crítico y del criticismo”. Anticipaciones inmersas en la pretendida vuelta decadentista al pasado, los preceptos sabiamente dosificados por el artista inclasificable, no sólo fueron musitados para repensar el tema del gusto, en el famoso ensayo de Susan Sontag, sino que tocaron desde el pasado, precisamente, a escrituras criticas como la de Ian Mukarovsky y Roland Barthe

  13. The effect of changing movement and posture using motion-sensor biofeedback, versus guidelines-based care, on the clinical outcomes of people with sub-acute or chronic low back pain-a multicentre, cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled, pilot trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kent, Peter; Laird, Robert; Haines, Terry

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The aims of this pilot trial were to (i) test the hypothesis that modifying patterns of painful lumbo-pelvic movement using motion-sensor biofeedback in people with low back pain would lead to reduced pain and activity limitation compared with guidelines-based care, and (ii) facilitate...... sample size calculations for a fully powered trial. METHODS: A multicentre (8 clinics), cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled pilot trial compared two groups of patients seeking medical or physiotherapy primary care for sub-acute and chronic back pain. It was powered for longitudinal analysis......-sensors without biofeedback) plus guidelines-based medical or physiotherapy care. Primary outcomes were self-reported pain intensity (VAS) and activity limitation (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), Patient Specific Functional Scale (PSFS)), all on 0-100 scales. Both groups received 6-8 treatment...

  14. Epilepsy in fragile-X-syndrome mimicking panayiotopoulos syndrome: Description of three patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonanni, Paolo; Casellato, Susanna; Fabbro, Franco; Negrin, Susanna

    2017-10-01

    Fragile-X-syndrome is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability. Epilepsy is reported to occur in 10-20% of individuals with Fragile-X-syndrome. A frequent seizure/electroencephalogram (EEG) pattern resembles that of benign rolandic epilepsy. We describe the clinical features, EEG findings and evolution in three patients affected by Fragile-X-syndrome and epilepsy mimicking Panayiotopoulos syndrome. Age at seizure onset was between 4 and about 7 years. Seizures pattern comprised a constellation of autonomic symptoms with unilateral deviation of the eyes and ictal syncope. Duration of the seizures could be brief or lengthy. Interictal EEGs revealed functional multifocal abnormalities. The evolution was benign in all patients with seizures remission before the age of 14. This observation expands the spectrum of benign epileptic phenotypes present in Fragile-X-syndrome and may be quite helpful in guiding anticonvulsant management and counseling families as to expectations regarding seizure remission. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. L'oggettività della fotografia e la conoscenza stereoscopica: da Proust a Barthes e ritorno

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    Marco Piazza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the characteristics and the purposes that the object “photography” has in Proust’s Recherche and in Roland Barthes’ La chambre claire, by recognizing within these two texts a the double challenge represented by photography itself: that of being a transparent object and that of allowing the fruition of the extra-temporality. Barthes’ realism, however, prevents the critic from considering in its full extent the cognitive value of photography, as configured in Proust’s text, which is placed in watermark in relation to the Barthes’ discourse. Proust’s complex position with respect to the object “photography”, which he criticizes, among many other reasons, for thesnap-shot platitude, includes even a possible parallelism with the involuntary memory, since the heuristic meaning of photography is connected to the cognitive and affective dinamycs which guide our processes of remembrance and creative relationship with our own past.

  16. O cotidiano e o extra-ordinário: duplo fluxo fotográfico

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    Iury Parente Aragao

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O texto é uma discussão sobre a capacidade que a fotografia tem de transformar momentos cotidianos em imagens extraordinárias e de também agir no sentido de apaziguar situações e imaginários que escapam da ordem da vida cotidiana. As observações consistiram em entender o método fotográfico de Henri Cartier-Bresson e de buscar notícias e fotografias sobre algumas catástrofes. Para a discussão se fez válida a utilização de ideias de Roland Barthes, Franco Moretti, Susan Sontag, Pierre Assouline, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Marcos Paulo da Silva e Jo Groebel. Foi observado que a fotografia age em dois fluxos, sensibilizando e/ou insensibilizando os leitores das imagens.

  17. [Verbal auditory agnosia: SPECT study of the brain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmona, C; Casado, I; Fernández-Rojas, J; Garín, J; Rayo, J I

    1995-01-01

    Verbal auditory agnosia are rare in clinical practice. Clinically, it characterized by impairment of comprehension and repetition of speech but reading, writing, and spontaneous speech are preserved. So it is distinguished from generalized auditory agnosia by the preserved ability to recognize non verbal sounds. We present the clinical picture of a forty-years-old, right handed woman who developed verbal auditory agnosic after an bilateral temporal ischemic infarcts due to atrial fibrillation by dilated cardiomyopathie. Neurophysiological studies by pure tone threshold audiometry: brainstem auditory evoked potentials and cortical auditory evoked potentials showed sparing of peripheral hearing and intact auditory pathway in brainstem but impaired cortical responses. Cranial CT-SCAN revealed two large hypodenses area involving both cortico-subcortical temporal lobes. Cerebral SPECT using 99mTc-HMPAO as radiotracer showed hypoperfusion just posterior in both frontal lobes nect to Roland's fissure and at level of bitemporal lobes just anterior to Sylvian's fissure.

  18. REPRESENTASI HOMOSEKSUALITAS DI YOUTUBE: (Studi Semiotika pada Video Pernikahan Sam Tsui

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    Lilis Rucirisyanti

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Social media is instrumental in giving effect to nitizens, good effects or bad effect, then social media can be also represent a person. Diserve social media make it interesting for nitizens. One of social media is Youtube. Many a lot of video at there, strat from tips and trick videos, journey or vacation video, wedding video, and ect. Everyone can publish their video on Youtube. No exception of same sex enthusiast, in this study are homosexual or gay. One of is a wedding video Sam Tsui and Casey Braves. This research is a qualitative research and this research uses semiotcs analysus of Roland Barthes. By doing an analysis of video that have been published by Sam on Youtube, also do document search and literature. The author sees the existence of verbal and non vebal forms of representation from same sex merriage video of men and men.

  19. Retórica de la imagen fotográfica: la fotografía como documento social y cultural en la lucha por los derechos humanos en el Ecuador en los años 80 y 90

    OpenAIRE

    Velasco Andrade, Mauricio Gabriel

    2006-01-01

    La presente investigación ha analizado la fotografía como un documento social y cultural en la defensa de derechos humanos. Intenta comprender cómo se ha constituido una retórica en la imagen fotográfica que da fe sobre la lucha de los derechos humanos en el Ecuador en los años 80 y 90. Con la utilización del modelo de análisis del historiador y crítico de arte Erwin Panofsky, así como los aportes de Roland Barthes y Peter Burke para el análisis de las imágenes fotográficas ...

  20. Gothic Art for the 21st Century?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Gibbs

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Roland Recht, Believing and Seeing: The Art of Gothic Cathedrals, Translated by Mary Whittall, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 2008. A translation of a book originally published in 1999, ‘Believing and Seeing’ expresses the nature of this volume more clearly than its subtitle, ‘The art of the gothic cathedrals.’ The prominence of the arts as a means of expression for devotion is central to its discourse. A highly idiosyncratic book that has perhaps suffered a little from the passage of time and translation, it is full of revealing citations and insights. But it is methodologically fluid and needs to be read with a more current bibliography, especially the Gothic Architecture of Paul Frankl as revised by Paul Crossley.

  1. Behind the Appearance of Reference Services at the Library University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lailatur Rahmi

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the development of reference services at the Library of Universitas Indonesia. The research discussed about innovation in the development of new activities in the reference services. Analyzing reference services from librarians’ point of view concerning the new activities in reference services, including attitudes and policies toward activities. This research takes a descriptive qualitative approach and uses semiotic analysis refering to Semiology of Roland Bathes concerning significance from two stage,  denotation and connotation, for analyzing the result of interviews. The results showed that the Universitas Indonesia Library reference service provides some new activities. Librarians become more active, revealed to be closer  to users, and transformation of information technology is seen as one of the competitive need to accompany the development of knowledge. Transfer media eventually have implications not on technology but rather to communication of reference services in the Universitas Indonesia Library.

  2. Session: Program Review X Wrap-Up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1992-01-01

    This wrap-up session at the Geothermal Energy Program Review X: Geothermal Energy and the Utility Market consisted of Closing Remarks by Roland R. Kessler and six NGA Industry Critique Panel presentations: ''Summary of Comments on DOE-Industry Cooperation by Geothermal Industry Panel'' by James B. Koenig, GeothermEx, Inc.; ''NGA Industry Critique of the Exploration Component'' by Joe L. Iovenitti, Weiss Associates; ''Critique of Drilling Research'' by Jerry Hamblin, UNOCAL Geothermal; ''Critique Panel Comments on Reservoir Engineering, DOE Geothermal Technology Development'' by Dennis Kaspereit, California Energy Company, Inc.; ''DOE Geothermal Program Review - Critique on Production'' by Douglas B. Jung, Two-Phase Engineering and Research; ''Comments on the DOE Hydrothermal Energy Conversion R&D Program'' by David L. Mendive, Geothermal Development Associates.

  3. Opercular myoclonic-anarthric status epilepticus: A report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janapareddy Vijaya Bhaskara Rao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Opercular myoclonic-anarthric status epilepticus (OMASE is an uncommon disorder of diverse etiology. This condition is characterized by fluctuating cortical dysarthria associated with epileptic myoclonus involving glossopharyngeal musculature bilaterally. We report two cases of OMASE of vascular etiology in adults. In both patients, ictally clonic expression was consistent with epilepsia partialis continua and bilateral, symmetrical involvement of soft palate in one patient and tongue, lips, chin and inferior jaw in both patients due to bilateral projections of the inferior corticonuclear pathways. The inferior rolandic area of dominant and high frontal region in non-dominant hemispheres were involved by an epileptogenic lesion of vascular etiology, which was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging of brain and single photon emission computerized tomography. Carotid Doppler study showed thrombosis of internal carotid artery in both patients, suggestive of an embolic origin. Early recognition of OMASE is important for early management of carotid occlusive disease.

  4. Europäisches Bewusstsein: Zur Definition Eines Vielschichtigen Begriffes und Seiner Bildungstheoretischen Bedeutung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobst, Solvejg

    2005-11-01

    EUROPEAN CONSCIOUSNESS: TOWARDS DEFINING A COMPLEX CONCEPT AND ITS EDUCATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE - The present study aims at a definition of `European consciousness'. In particular, it draws on Henri Tajfel's theory of social identity as well as Roland Wakenhut's and Jutta Gallenmüller's moral determination of national consciousness. European consciousness is then defined as a sense of belonging which, depending on certain identification structures and social perspectives, can take such distinct forms of moral consciousness as `Eurocentrism', `European patriotism', or `reflective European consciousness'. Making reference to Wolfgang Klafki's notion of general education, it is finally argued that the emancipatory contribution of schooling to greater European integration consists in mediating precisely this last way of thinking.

  5. Airborne Wind Shear Detection and Warning Systems. Second Combined Manufacturers' and Technologists' Conference, part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spady, Amos A., Jr. (Compiler); Bowles, Roland L. (Compiler); Schlickenmaier, Herbert (Compiler)

    1990-01-01

    The Second Combined Manufacturers' and Technologists' Conference was hosted jointly by NASA Langley (LaRC) and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in Williamsburg, Virginia, on October 18 to 20, 1988. The meeting was co-chaired by Dr. Roland Bowles of LaRC and Herbrt Schlickenmaier of the FAA. The purpose of the meeting was to transfer significant, ongoing results gained during the second year of the joint NASA/FAA Airborne Wind Shear Program to the technical industry and to pose problems of current concern to the combined group. It also provided a forum for manufacturers to review forward-look technology concepts and for technologists to gain an understanding of the problems encountered by the manufacturers during the development of airborne equipment and the FAA certification requirements.

  6. Airborne Wind Shear Detection and Warning Systems. Fourth Combined Manufacturers' and Technologists' Conference, part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicroy, Dan D. (Compiler); Bowles, Roland L. (Compiler); Passman, Robert H. (Compiler)

    1992-01-01

    The Fourth Combined Manufacturers' and Technologists' Conference was hosted jointly by NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 14-16, 1992. The meeting was co-chaired by Dr. Roland Bowles of LaRC and Bob Passman of the FAA. The purpose of the meeting was to transfer significant ongoing results of the NASA/FAA Joint Airborne Wind Shear Program to the technical industry and to pose problems of current concern to the combined group. It also provided a forum for manufacturers to review forward-look technology concepts and for technologists to gain an understanding of the problems encountered by the manufacturers during the development of airborne equipment and the FAA certification requirements. The present document has been compiled to record the essence of the technology updates and discussions which follow each.

  7. Prevention of low back pain: effect, cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility of maintenance care - study protocol for a randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund, Andreas; Axén, Iben; Kongsted, Alice

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a prevalent condition and a socioeconomic problem in many countries. Due to its recurrent nature, the prevention of further episodes (secondary prevention), seems logical. Furthermore, when the condition is persistent, the minimization of symptoms and prevention...... of deterioration (tertiary prevention), is equally important. Research has largely focused on treatment methods for symptomatic episodes, and little is known about preventive treatment strategies. METHODS: This study protocol describes a randomized controlled clinical trial in a multicenter setting investigating...... is the number of days with bothersome pain over 12 months. Secondary measures are self-rated health (EQ-5D), function (the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire), psychological profile (the Multidimensional Pain Inventory), pain intensity (the Numeric Rating Scale), and work absence.The primary utility measure...

  8. How you evaluate treatment results in low back pain patients depends on who the patient is

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    2009-01-01

    ), the physical function and bodily pain subscales of the SF36, the Low Back Pain Rating Scale (LBPRS) and a numerical rating scale for pain (0-10) were completed by 191 patients from the primary and secondary sectors of the Danish health care system. Clinical change was estimated using a 7-point transition......Background The choice of an evaluative instrument in back pain patients is complicated because of lack of head-to-head comparisons of clinimetric properties of the various instruments. In addition, little is known about instrument behaviour in clinical subgroups. The objective of this study...... was to concurrently compare responsiveness and minimal clinically important differences (MCID) for commonly used pain scales and functional instruments in four subpopulations of LBP patients. Methods The Danish versions of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the 23-item Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMQ...

  9. FICÇÃO E HISTÓRIA EM W. G. SEBALD E ROBERTO BOLAÑO

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Joana Kelly Marques de; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Sociais da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; Santos, Nadier Pereira dos; Université de Vincennes à Saint-Denis - Paris 8

    2015-01-01

    Este artigo tem por objetivo pensar de que maneira a ficção pode se relacionar com os discursos históricos. Para tanto, dois autores contemporâneos de ficção foram escolhidos por abordarem violentos acontecimentos históricos do século XX: o alemão W. G. Sebald e o chileno Roberto Bolaño. A partir das críticas dirigidas aos discursos históricos por Roland Barthes e Michel Foucault, assim como de algumas breves considerações de Jacques Rancière a propósito dos enunciados políticos e literários,...

  10. Luz, Câmera, Estereótipo - Ação! A representação do autismo nas séries de TV

    OpenAIRE

    Lucelmo Lacerda

    2017-01-01

    O transtorno do Espectro do Autismo é uma condição que atinge um número crescente de pessoas, assim, sua representação social diz respeito a parcela substancial da sociedade. o presente estudo oferece uma análise da Representação Social do autismo nas séries de TV a partir da semiótica, especificamente da noção de mitologia em Roland Barthes. As séries observadas e analisadas foram Parenthood, The Bridge, Alphas e Touch, verificou-se alguns temas persistentes e também a reiteração de estereót...

  11. Administral : une base de données de science administrative

    OpenAIRE

    Jacques Chevallier

    2011-01-01

    I. ADMINISTRAL est le produit d’une longue histoire La création au début des années soixante-dix, à l’initiative du professeur Roland Drago et sous l’égide du Centre d’études et de recherches de science administrative (CERSA) qu’il dirigeait au sein de l’Université Panthéon-Assas (Paris 2), d’une base de données bibliographiques de science administrative francophone intitulée « Bibliographie internationale de science administrative » est indissociable de l’essor spectaculaire qu’a connu à par...

  12. Status Epilepticus as an Initial Manifestation of Neurosyphilis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chien-Hsun Li

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Seizures and focal neurologic deficits may be the complications of neurosyphilis, but status epilepticus as a presenting picture of neurosyphilis is rare. We describe a 41-year-old man with an acute onset of expressive dysphasia, followed by persistent seizure state and severe complications of systemic medical problems. An extensive laboratory evaluation confirmed the diagnosis of neurosyphilis and diabetes mellitus. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed edematous change in the left cingulate gyrus, left temporal lobe, and peri-Rolandic area, which suggested an inflammatory process. Due to varied clinical manifestations of neurosyphilis, we underscore the importance of considering neurosyphilis among the possible causes of status epilepticus and any central nervous system diseases.

  13. Jamie Beck’s “Cinemagraphs” in the context of dramatic theory of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewelina Woźniak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present works of a New York photographer Jamie Beck, who developed a new type of moving photography – cinemagraphs, and look at her work from the perspective of the dramatic theory of literature. Jamie Beck in her works redefines many notions related to the visual realm. Movement and time relationship, the model identity and the impact of material on the image perception are the most interesting problems, that are connected with cinemagraphs. All these issues are analyzed in relation to fields dealing with image: André Rouille’s and Roland Barthes’ photographic theories, art history represented by Georges Didi- Huberman and Rudolf Arnheim’s “the psychology of creative eye”.

  14. The photographic image of everyday life: meaning and information in journalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atílio Avancini

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical foundations of this article are the conceptual principlesof the French intellectuals Philippe Dubois (based on the book Photographic Act, Roland Barthes (book: Camera Lucida and Henri Cartier-Bresson (text: The Decisive Moment. Their texts are references for the purpose of providing a comprehension of the meanings ofphotographs in journalistic narratives. It is a critical debate aboutthe presence of the photographic image in journalism, reorganizing knowledge faced with its conceptual fragility, which gives digital photography an important role as document and information. Oneof the ideas to be considered rests on the assumption that today, inthe reconfiguration of the photographic studies of urban everyday life (identity crisis caused by digital technology, the meaning becomes more important than the image as an image.

  15. THE PHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE OF EVERYDAY LIFE: meaning and information in journalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atílio Avancini

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical foundations of this article are the conceptual principlesof the French intellectuals Philippe Dubois (based on the book Photographic Act, Roland Barthes (book: Camera Lucida and Henri Cartier-Bresson (text: The Decisive Moment. Their texts are references for the purpose of providing a comprehension of the meanings ofphotographs in journalistic narratives. It is a critical debate aboutthe presence of the photographic image in journalism, reorganizing knowledge faced with its conceptual fragility, which gives digital photography an important role as document and information. Oneof the ideas to be considered rests on the assumption that today, inthe reconfiguration of the photographic studies of urban everyday life (identity crisis caused by digital technology, the meaning becomes more important than the image as an image.

  16. Impact of a Sit-Stand Workstation on Chronic Low Back Pain: Results of a Randomized Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ognibene, Grant T; Torres, Wilson; von Eyben, Rie; Horst, Kathleen C

    2016-03-01

    The aim of the study was to determine whether chronic low back pain (LBP) might be attenuated through the introduction of a sit-stand workstation (SSW) in office employees. Participants were randomized to receive a SSW at the beginning or at the end of a 3-month study period. Participants responded to a short survey at the end of each workday and a comprehensive survey at weeks 1, 6, and 12. Surveys consisted of a modified brief pain inventory and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire. Forty-six university employees with self-reported chronic LBP were enrolled. Participants who were given access to a SSW reported a significant reduction in current (P = 0.02) and worst (P = 0.04) LBP over time. Our findings support the hypothesis that chronic LBP might be improved by the introduction of a SSW in an office environment.

  17. Estudo prospectivo de avaliação de dor e incapacidade de pacientes operados de estenose de canal lombar com seguimento mínimo de dois anos Estudio prospectivo de la evaluación del dolor e incapacidad de los pacientes operados de estenosis del canal lumbar con seguimiento mínimo de dos años Prospective analysis of pain and disability of patients operated on lumbar spinal stenosis with a minimum two-year follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Santiago Valesin Filho

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: realizar uma análise prospectiva de dor e incapacidade em pacientes operados de estenose de canal lombar após dois anos do procedimento através da escala VAS e Roland Morris. MÉTODOS: trinta e oito pacientes foram avaliados por meio dos questionários em um momento pré-operatório, pós-operatório um mês, seis meses, um ano e dois anos, tendo sido realizada descompressão e artrodese com instrumentação pedicular associada. RESULTADOS: foi observado melhora nas análises comparativas de dor e incapacidade no decorrer do seguimento em relação aos valores iniciais, porém uma tendência à estabilização do quadro com sua evolução. CONCLUSÃO: o tratamento cirúrgico da estenose do canal lombar, quando criteriosamente indicado, melhora a dor e a incapacidade após dois anos de seguimento.OBJETIVO: realizar un análisis prospectivo del dolor e incapacidad en pacientes operados de estenosis del canal lumbar después de dos años del procedimiento, por medio de la escala VAS y Roland Morris. MÉTODOS: treinta y ocho pacientes fueron evaluados por medio de los cuestionarios en un momento preoperatorio, postoperatorio un mes, seis meses, un año y dos años, realizando una descompresión y artrodesis con instrumentación pedicular asociada. RESULTADOS: fue observada mejoría en los análisis comparativos de dolor e incapacidad con el decorrer de los seguimientos en relación a los valores iniciales; sin embargo, hubo una tendencia a la estabilidad del cuadro con su evolución. CONCLUSIÓN: el tratamiento quirúrgico de la estenosis del canal lumbar, con indicación criteriosa, mejora el dolor y la incapacidad después de dos años de seguimiento.OBJECTIVE: to perform a prospective analysis of pain and disability in patients operated on lumbar spine stenosis two years after the procedure by means of VAS and Roland Morris scales. METHODS: thirty-eight patients answered questions before and after the surgery, within one-month, six

  18. KRITIK SASTRA DI PRANCIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Al-Fayyadl

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of literary criticism, as sort of “literary institution” in a modern sense, is relatively a new phenomenon in France as it happened in 19th century and would be more institutionalized in 20th century. It due to the progressive distinction between the author criticism and the critic cricitism as well as to the decline of poetic representation, which has been built on hierarchy of genres and critic’s superiority over authors in 17th century. This article traces the institutionalization of literary criticism and the duality of its practices through the lens of Roland Barthes’ “two criticism”, applied to read the practices of literary criticism in France from 16th century onwards.         Keywords: literary criticism, “two criticism”, crisis.

  19. Quantum Mechanics at the Crossroads New Perspectives from History, Philosophy and Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Evans, James

    2007-01-01

    Quantum mechanics is a beautiful, strange and successful theory that originated in the 1920s. The theory, which Niels Bohr regarded as finished and complete, has in the last few decades rapidly developed in unexpected directions. An intense new focus on the stranger aspects of the theory, including entanglement and nonlocality, has resulted in new perceptions of the foundations of quantum mechanics, as well as surprising new exploitations of quantum phenomena. Historians and philosophers of science have also renewed their attention to quantum mechanics, opening up its human dimensions and asking searching questions about its meaning. This volume brings together new insights from different vantage points: Historians of physics, such as J. L. Heilbron; philosophers of science, such as Abner Shimony and Michel Bitbol; and quantum physicists, such as Wolfgang Ketterle and Roland Omnès, join forces to tackle essential questions in quantum mechanics and its interpretation. All the authors have written for a broad ...

  20. The effects of an unsupervised water exercise program on low back pain and sick leave among healthy pregnant women - A randomised controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Backhausen, Mette G; Tabor, Ann; Albert, Hanne

    2017-01-01

    on low back pain. We aimed to assess the effect of an unsupervised water exercise program on low back pain intensity and days spent on sick leave among healthy pregnant women. METHODS: In this randomised, controlled, parallel-group trial, 516 healthy pregnant women were randomly assigned to either...... unsupervised water exercise twice a week for a period of 12 weeks or standard prenatal care. Healthy pregnant women aged 18 years or older, with a single fetus and between 16-17 gestational weeks were eligible. The primary outcome was low back pain intensity measured by the Low Back Pain Rating scale at 32...... weeks. The secondary outcomes were self-reported days spent on sick leave, disability due to low back pain (Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire) and self-rated general health (EQ-5D and EQ-VAS). RESULTS: Low back pain intensity was significantly lower in the water exercise group, with a score of 2...

  1. Clean Economy, Living Planet. The Race to the Top of Global Clean Energy Technology Manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Slot, A.; Van den Berg, W. [Roland Berger Strategy Consultants RBSC, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-05-15

    For four years, WWF and Roland Berger have tracked developments in the global clean energy technology (cleantech) sector and ranked countries according to their cleantech sales. The 3rd annual 'Clean Economy, Living Planet' report ranks 40 countries based on the 2011 sales value of the clean energy technology products they manufacture. The report shows that the EU has lost its position to China as the leader in the fast growing global cleantech energy manufacturing sector. However, when cleantech sales are weighted as a percentage of GDP, Denmark and Germany occupied the first and third position globally. Last year the sector's global sales value rose by 10% to almost 200 billion euros, close to the scale of consumer electronics manufacturing. It is projected to overtake oil and gas equipment in the next three years.

  2. Autor e biografia: relações entre vida e obra nas artes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Cifuente

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura analisar as relações entre a vida e a obra de autores, partindo de aspectos sociológicos e psicológicos. Para isto, são utilizados teóricos como Maurice Blanchot, Michel Foucault e Roland Barthes, entre outros. Faz-se, ainda, necessária um breve exame histórico da construção dessas relações. Finalmente, examina-se o conceito do “Fora” e o desaparecimento do “eu” na linguagem, tratados como modo de libertação da obra de seu sujeito-autor. Tal discussão reverbera, principalmente, entre as artes visuais e literatura, a teoria e a prática e, evidentemente, nos diálogos existentes na crítica de arte contemporânea.

  3. Position specificity in Chitonomyces (Ascomycota, Laboulbeniomycetes) on Laccophilus (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae): a molecular approach resolves a century-old debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldmann, Lauren; Weir, Alex

    2012-01-01

    The occurrence of Laboulbeniomycete species consistently on a precise portion of beetle integument was investigated in 13 species of Chitonomyces ectoparasitic on the aquatic diving beetle Laccophilus maculosus (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae). The phenomenon was called "position specificity" by Roland Thaxter in 1896, yet the mechanism has remained unknown. By using molecular analysis of the nucSSU rRNA gene and the 5.8S and partial ITS1 rRNA regions, 13 species of Chitonomyces reported to exhibit position specificity on Laccophilus maculosus were placed neatly into pairs of morphotypes, resulting in synonomies and recognition of six phylogenetic species (one species is a triplet). Each phylogenetic species was located at corresponding positions on male and female beetles that make contact during mating. In addition, ecological data and video footage of the mating behaviors of Laccophilus confirmed that sexual transmission is the mechanism behind this enigmatic phenomenon.

  4. ¡Para verte mejor América Latina! Imágenes dicotómicas de la ciudad a través de la fotografía contemporánea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenda Úrsula Iglesias Sánchez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In actual times and due to our complex visual culture it seems almost impossible to build a speech that allows piecing a social story through the image. Nevertheless, this reflection has been a constant in the main voices that write about social studies: John Berger, Armando Silva, Roland Barthes, Adrián Gorelik, Néstor García Canclini, Demetrio Brisset, Boris Kossoy, Justo Villafañe, Gisel Freund, and Susan Sontag among others. This article mentions some theoretical speeches of the before named voices, the importance of image as an historical document its affirmed, and an analysis of some contemporary artists and their photographic work is developed so it can be examined the dichotomical image in urban Latin-American culture: The ideal/positive city and the real/negative city.

  5. A Mind-Body Program for Older Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morone, Natalia E; Greco, Carol M; Moore, Charity G; Rollman, Bruce L; Lane, Bridget; Morrow, Lisa A; Glynn, Nancy W; Weiner, Debra K

    2016-03-01

    Treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP) in older adults is limited by the adverse effects of analgesics. Effective nonpharmacologic treatment options are needed. To determine the effectiveness of a mind-body program at increasing function and reducing pain in older adults with chronic LBP. This single-blind, randomized clinical trial compared a mind-body program (n = 140) with a health education program (n = 142). Community-dwelling older adults residing within the Pittsburgh metropolitan area were recruited from February 14, 2011, to June 30, 2014, with 6-month follow-up completed by April 9, 2015. Eligible participants were 65 years or older with functional limitations owing to their chronic LBP (≥11 points on the Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire) and chronic pain (duration ≥3 months) of moderate intensity. Data were analyzed from March 1 to July 1, 2015. The intervention and control groups received an 8-week group program followed by 6 monthly sessions. The intervention was modeled on the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program; the control program, on the "10 Keys" to Healthy Aging. Follow-up occurred at program completion and 6 months later. The score on the Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire was the primary outcome and measured functional limitations owing to LBP. Pain (current, mean, and most severe in the past week) was measured with the Numeric Pain Rating Scale. Secondary outcomes included quality of life, pain self-efficacy, and mindfulness. Intent-to-treat analyses were conducted. Of 1160 persons who underwent screening, 282 participants enrolled in the trial (95 men [33.7%] and 187 women [66.3%]; mean [SD] age,74.5 [6.6] years). The baseline mean (SD) Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire scores for the intervention and control groups were 15.6 (3.0) and 15.4 (3.0), respectively. Compared with the control group, intervention participants improved an additional -1.1 (mean, 12.1 vs 13.1) points at 8 weeks and -0.04 (mean

  6. Ni rara, ni extraordinaria: política y corporalidad en Eva Perón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Elizabeth Vázquez

    Full Text Available Resumen Este ensayo analiza imágenes indiciales y representaciones icónicas de Eva Perón a partir de un enfoque que combina las nociones de corporalidad y afectividad con las teorías de la imagen fotográfica propuestas por WJT Mitchell, Roland Barthes y Susan Sontag. La tesis principal de este trabajo propone revisar los mitos sobre la figura de Eva Perón a partir de un análisis de su corporalidad y su relación con el imaginario pre-peronista en torno a la mujer, la política, la belleza y el consumo.

  7. Monitoring training loads in elite tennis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Saldanha Aoki

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Training load (TL is influenced by both training volume and training intensity. A precise understanding of the TLs completed during training is crucial to achieve desirable training outcomes and to avoid overtraining. TL can be monitored in many different ways; however, we recommend the session-rate of perceived exertion (session-RPE method for quantifying TL because of its low cost and because it is easy to understand and relatively simple to implement. In this report, we provide data regarding TLs collected during the 2008 Roland Garros Tournament. Our experience in tennis suggests the session-RPE method to be a valuable tool that can be used to control training and to avoid excessive TLs. We also believe that accurate monitoring of TL will enable the coach to better understand of the sports training process, ultimately leading to the improvement of performance.

  8. THE FLAVOURS OF LITERATURE OR: HOW GASTRONOMY SUPPORTS ITSELF ON WAYS OF SAYING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alzira Seixo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on the relation between the concepts of savoir and saveur (savoir [to know] and saveur [savor, flavor] have the same root in Latin, addressed since the already classic The Pleasure of the Text, by Roland Barthes, this work comprises two reflexive movements: the first is about the way Lite­rature, and specially Portuguese Literature, represents Gastronomy, con­cerning authors such as Camilo Castelo Branco, Eça de Queirós, Vitorino Nemésio, José Saramago, and António Lobo Antunes; in the second, what is emphasized is the way how Gastronomy uses the word to make itself ex­plicit in terms that imply a knowledge that appeals to the “literariness”, i.e., to the insistence on the literary “flavor/ saveur”.

  9. Psychometric evaluation of a brazilian portuguese version of the spitzer quality of life index in patients with low back pain Evaluación de las calidades psicométricas de una versión brasileña del spitzer quality of life index en pacientes con dolor lumbar Avaliação das qualidades psicométricas de uma versão brasileira do spitzer quality of life index em pacientes com dor lombar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Toledo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt the Spitzer Quality of Life Index and evaluate its reliability in patients with low back pain. The following steps were followed: translation, back-translation, evaluation by a committee, and pretest. The reliability was estimated through stability and homogeneity assessment. The validity was tested comparing scores of the Spitzer (QLI with the SF-36 and the Roland-Morris. The psychometric properties were evaluated by the self-application on 120 patients. Results showed that the Cronbach's Alpha was 0.77. Intraclass correlation coefficient for test-retest reliability was 0.960 (pEste estudio tuvo como objetivo realizar la adaptación cultural del Spitzer Quality of Life Index y evaluar su confiabilidad en pacientes portadores de dolor lumbar crónico. Se siguieron las siguientes etapas: traducción, retrotraducción, evaluación por un comité y pre-prueba. La validez fue obtenida por medio de la correlación entre los puntajes del Spitzer (QLI, del SF-36 y del Roland-Morris. Las propiedades psicométricas fueron evaluadas en 120 pacientes. Los resultados demostraron un coeficiente alfa de Cronbach=0,77. En una nueva pre-prueba, se encontró un coeficiente de correlación intraclases ICC=0,960 (pEste estudo teve como objetivo realizar a adaptação cultural do Spitzer Quality of Life Index, e avaliar sua confiabilidade em pacientes portadores de dor lombar crônica. Foram seguidas as seguintes etapas: tradução, retro-tradução, avaliação por um comitê e pré-teste. A confiabilidade foi avaliada por meio da consistência interna e da estabilidade. A validade foi obtida por meio da correlação entre os escores do Spitzer (QLI, do SF-36 e do Roland-Morris. As propriedades psicométricas foram avaliadas em 120 pacientes. Os resultados demonstraram coeficiente alfa de Cronbach=0,77. No teste-reteste, encontrou-se coeficiente de correlação intraclasse ICC=0,960 (p<0,001; IC 95%: 0,943; 0,972. Coeficiente

  10. Vider son Verdun trait

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Parenteau

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available « Le bataillon, fleuri comme un grand cimetière,avait traversé la ville à la débandade. »Roland Dorgelès, Les Croix de boisLa trahison des poètesEn France, comme ce fut le cas dans toutes les sociétés belligérantes, la Première Guerre mondiale a engendré la production d’un important arsenal de textes poétiques. Cet engouement lyrique, qui s’est manifesté dès les premiers jours d’août 1914, s’est maintenu tout au long du conflitet n’a pas perdu de sa vigueur aussitôt les armes déposées. Ces po...

  11. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Mieke Bal. The Mottled Screen: Reading Proust Visually by Beryl Schlossman Anny Brooksbank Jones and Catherine Davies, eds. Latin American Women's Writing: Feminist Readings in Theory and Crisis by Rosemary Geisdorfer Feal Tomasa Cuevas. Prison of Women: Testimonies of War and Resistance in Spain, 1939-1975 by Yolanda Molina Gavilán David William Foster. Buenos Aires: Perspectives on the City and Cultural Production by Gustavo Geirola Belinda Jack. Francophone Literatures: An Introductory Survey by Claire L. Dehon Marx-Scouras, Danielle. The Cultural Politics of Tel Quel: Literature and the Left in the Wake of Engagement by Diane Fourny Jeffrey Mehlman. Genealogies of the Text: Literature, Psychoanalysis, and Politics in Modern France by Florence Martin Nancy Shawcross. Roland Barthes on Photography. by Philip Hadlock Lewis W. Tusken. Understanding Hermann Hesse: The Man, His Myth, His Metaphors by Theodore Ziolkowski

  12. The importance of fear, beliefs, catastrophizing and kinesiophobia in chronic low back pain rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, E-N; Pers, Y-M; Mercier, G; Cambiere, J-P; Frasson, N; Ster, F; Hérisson, C; Blotman, F

    2010-02-01

    To evaluate fear, beliefs, catastrophizing and kinesiophobia in chronic low back pain patients about to begin a training programme in a rehabilitation centre. Fifty chronic low back pain patients (including both males and females) were assessed in our physical medicine department. We used validated French-language scales to score the patients' pain-related disability, quality of life and psychosocial factors. Seventy percent of the patients had a major functional disability (i.e., a Roland-Morris Scale score over 12) and nearly 73% reported an altered quality of life (the daily living score in the Dallas Pain Questionnaire). Pain correlated with functional impairment and depression but not with catastrophizing or kinesiophobia. Disability was correlated with catastrophizing and kinesiophobia. Psychosocial factors are strongly associated with disability and altered quality of life in chronic low back pain patients. Future rehabilitation programs could optimizing patient management by taking these factors into account. 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  13. Figurações Celibatárias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Santos de Oliveira

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available One may notices, through out brazilian literary historiography, specially in novels and texts by male authors, that female celibate personages play supporting roles, have a patology of some form, are ridiculized and subjected to family interdition accordant to social standarts contemporary. This paper means to speculate how the “spinster” gains voice and representation while playing leading roles in short stories. To support this analysis, the short stories Miss Algrave, by Clarice Lispector, Sr. Diretor, by Lygia Fagundes Telles and Príncipe Sapo, by Caio Fernando Abreu, are studied and analysed through the optical of three thematics plains: interdiction, eroticism and solitude. As motivacional theorist elements, this paper will considerate the eroticism perceptions according to Octavio Paz, the historiographic studie about the “spinster” by Claudia Maia, and the concept of “texto tagarelice” by Roland Barthes.

  14. Aboio Livre: Representações Ecológicas na Poesia de José Inácio Vieira de Melo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calila das Mercês Oliveira (UEFS

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda as representações ecológicas na poesia de José Inácio Vieira de Melo (1968, poeta alagoano radicado na Bahia. A partir de Pedra Só (2012, tendo como recorte o capítulo Aboio Livre, é realizada uma análise da poética que envolve de forma concomitante lírica e meio ambiente. Conhecido como Cavaleiro de Fogo, o poeta apresenta um sertão místico que vai além das mazelas sociais, trazendo à tona a reflexão universal do que é “ser humano”. Expondo considerações de outros escritores e formadores de opinião acerca de sua obra e as fazendo interagir com as teorias de Alfredo Bosi, Octávio Paz, Félix Guattari, Serge Moscovici, Roland Barthes, entre outros.

  15. Kümme teed maailma lõppu / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Kümme apokalüptilist filmi: animafilm "Wall-E" (režissöör Andrew Stanton), ulmefantaasia "Inimlapsed" ("Children of Men", režissöör Alfonso Cuaron), "Matrix" triloogia (režissöörid Andy ja Larry Wachowski), "12 ahvi" ("Twelve Monkeys", režissöör Terry Gilliam), "Dr. Strangelove ehk kuidas ma lõpetasin muretsemise ja õppisin armastama pommi" ("Dr. Strangelove", režissöör Stanley Kubrick), "Päikesepaiste" ("Sunshine", režissöör Danny Boyle), "Maximum Overdrive" (režissöör Stephen King), "Pöidlaküüdi teejuht galaktikasse" ("Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy", režissöör Garth Jennings), "Maailmade sõda" ("War of the Worlds", režissöör Steven Spielberg) ja "2012" (režissöör Roland Emmerich, USA 2009)

  16. Behind the Appearance of Reference Services at the Library University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lailatur Rahmi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the development of reference services at the Library of Universitas Indonesia. The research discussed about innovation in the development of new activities in the reference services. Analyzing reference services from librarians’ point of view concerning the new activities in reference services, including attitudes and policies toward activities. This research takes a descriptive qualitative approach and uses semiotic analysis refering to Semiology of Roland Bathes concerning significance from two stage,  denotation and connotation, for analyzing the result of interviews. The results showed that the Universitas Indonesia Library reference service provides some new activities. Librarians become more active, revealed to be closer  to users, and transformation of information technology is seen as one of the competitive need to accompany the development of knowledge. Transfer media eventually have implications not on technology but rather to communication of reference services in the Universitas Indonesia Library.

  17. Sensationalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Thomas

    1981-01-01

    Full Text Available Roland Barthes's fascination with discourse is usually considered a glorification of intellectual exchanges, the parade of a virtuoso eager to display his unalloyed dedication to logocentrism. As a consequence, scholars tend to rely on his writings as if they were principally a catalogue for the functional concepts of modernity. The purpose of this article is to show through a close reading of Barthes's latter-day texts that his exhilarating verbal brio is first and foremost a sensuous relationship between the speaking subject and the verbal substance. In his case, this particular relationship generates a discourse akin to physical heroism, thanks to which the subject is able to postpone the debilitating irruption of «intractable reality.» Barthes, as writing subject, transforms what is a mere tool of communication and argumentation into an overwhelming sensuous machine producing a symbolic make-believe, which, in turn, makes him «more and better alive.»

  18. Playing the Indicator Game: Reflections on Strategies to Position an STS Group in a Multi-disciplinary Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Bal

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Roland Bal analyzes the strategies his research group developed to deal with the interlinked dynamics of research evaluation in a multi-disciplinary institutional environment characteristic of much STS research. Scholars in such environments constantly need to navigate and negotiate the standards of evaluation, in complex choreographies of cooperation and competition with other disciplinary groups. Bal describes strategies his group has successfully used, and how these strategies have both shifted the way research quality is assessed within the department as well as changed the way his group works and publishes. In conclusion, he describes performance management systems and research practices as co-constituted and calls for a debate on which forms of evaluation infrastructures allow for better ways of doing research in STS.

  19. Bedah Logo Autocillin Menggunakan Teori Semiotika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sari Wulandari

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available When a brand will communicate with people through visual media, then a visual communication designer will act as the sender in meaningful visual. A vehicle product assurance, Autocillin, will launch its brand; therefore it needs to presence visual identity of Autocillin, which is able to change people’s perception about assurance and also to represent brand image according to its ideals and hopes with its philosophy. Research method uses theory approach of semiotic theory from Peirce with its developing on icon, index and symbol. It also uses semiotic theory from Charles Morris of its semiotic processes: syntax, semantic, and pragmatic; and Roland Barthes approach of semiotic analysis towards design. It will be concluded that through visual identity, Autocillin could answer needs in communicating unprecedented experience of its consumers and change people’s perception of vehicle assurance. Through sign approach, Autocillin is ready to interact and compete with other brands. 

  20. A propósito de la legitimidad en la investigación cualitativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAURICIO PÉREZ-ABRIL

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta dos líneas de pensamiento, desde las cuales se tensionan algunos postulados relacionados con la legitimidad de la investigación cualitativa, en relación con asuntos como la validez como camino para ganar dicha legitimidad. En el texto se toma posición por la investigación, fundamentalmente, como una actividad de producción discursiva, que se rige por la argumentación como la vía para garantizar su legitimidad. Acudiendo, principalmente, a planteamientos claves de Roland Barthes, Jesús Ibáñez e Irene Vasilachis, se esboza una perspectiva epistemológica que se inserta en el debate actual sobre la investigación cualitativa en las ciencias sociales.

  1. Éléments pour une histoire d’une dissémination des formes cohliennes

    OpenAIRE

    Vimenet, Pascal

    2011-01-01

    Examen rétrospectif d’une typologie non exhaustive des formes créées par le cinéma d’animation d’Émile Cohl et de leur dissémination ultérieure directe ou indirecte dans le cinéma d’animation international, passé ou contemporain, l’étude tente une approche épistémologique formelle et thématique, en évoquant notamment les apports d’André Martin, Donald Crafton, Bernard Clarens, Roland Cosandey. A retrospective examination of a non-exhaustive typology of the forms created by the animated cin...

  2. At Home in the Universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, John A.

    Colleague and confidant of Einstein and Bohr and pioneer of nuclear fission -- John A. Wheeler is one of our most original and profound thinkers. In engaging essays formed of reminiscence, science, and conjecture, Wheeler writes of debates and discussions with Bohr, long talks with Einstein in his study at Princeton, and the eloquence and nobility of Hermann Weyl. With simple delight in "the machinery of existence" Wheeler exudes an enthusiasm that illuminates this collection. John Wheeler is one of the 20th century's most notable nuclear physicists and relativity theorists. In addition, he has played a leading role in research on pulsars, black holes, and nuclear reactor safety. Dr. Wheeler is Jan and Roland Blumberg Professor Emeritus at the University of Texas, Austin and Joseph Henry Professor of Physics Emeritus at Princeton University.

  3. EM CARTAZ, CHICO BUARQUE: A ADAPTAÇÃO FÍLMICA DO ROMANCE BENJAMIN POR MONIQUE GARDENBERG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Mendes Arruda

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A versão da cineasta Monique Gardenberg do romance Benjamim, de Chico Buarque, leva às telas a narrativa do ex-modelo fotográfico fundida em dois tempos e entre duas personagens: Castana Beatriz, nos anos 1960, e Ariela Masé, nos anos 1990. A análise é elaborada à luz da contemporânea teoria sobre adaptação fílmica de Brian McFarlane. Sob a ótica das Funções distribucionais e integrativas da narrativa – defendidas por Roland Barthes na Teoria dos Níveis (1973 –, que são o pilar das análises propostas por McFarlane, este artigo examina as duas versões de Benjamim e os processos de transferência e adaptação própria utilizados.

  4. Clinical Impact of Epileptiform Discharge in Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eun Hye; Choi, Yong Sung; Yoon, Hoi Soo; Bahn, Geon Ho

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of epileptiform discharges in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The authors retrospectively reviewed 180 children who were diagnosed with ADHD and had an electroencephalography (EEG) recording. Epileptiform discharges were found in 29 (16.1%) of 180 patients with ADHD. Of these, 15 (8.3%) had generalized epileptiform discharges and 14 (7.7%) had focal epileptiform discharges. The focal epileptiform discharges were most prevalent from the frontal (5/14) and rolandic area (5/14). Among the 29 patients with epileptiform discharges and ADHD, 5 patients had previous history of epilepsy and 4 patients developed epilepsy later, whereas none of the normal EEG group developed epilepsy. The authors suggest that interictal epileptiform discharges appear to be associated with seizure occurrence in children with ADHD and might reflect maturational pathophysiology overlapping with epilepsy. © The Author(s) 2015.

  5. The Effect of Topical Rosa damascena (Rose) Oil on Pregnancy-Related Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirazi, Mahbobeh; Mohebitabar, Safieh; Bioos, Sodabeh; Yekaninejad, Mir Saeed; Rahimi, Roja; Shahpiri, Zahra; Malekshahi, Farhad; Nejatbakhsh, Fatemeh

    2017-01-01

    The study aimed to assess the efficacy of topical rose oil in women with pregnancy-related low back pain. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 120 women with pregnancy-related low back pain. Patients were allocated to 3 parallel groups to receive topical rose oil (in the carrier of almond oil), placebo (carrier oil), or no intervention. All groups were followed for 4 weeks. All participants were evaluated by Visual Analog Scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaires to assess the pain intensity and its impact on daily activities before and after the intervention. Significant decrease in pain intensity compared to carrier oil or no intervention was observed. The rose oil also improves the functional ability of these patients in contrast with no intervention, while its effect on function is not significant compared to carrier oil. Rose oil reduced pregnancy-related low back pain intensity without any significant adverse effect. © The Author(s) 2016.

  6. In the prehistory of the Cid epic poetry: el Cid was not el Cid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco J. Hernández

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available While he was alive, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar was given the title of «Campeador»; but never that of «Mio Cid», which belonged to Mio Cid Muño Muñoz, a warrior close to Rodrigo until his death in 1099. Muñoz’s deeds and epic title seem to have been fused with those of Rodrigo in the story-telling process that would climax in the Cantar de Mio Cid of 1206, an earlier version of which must have been popular in the 1180’s, when men began to call themselves «Mio Cid», or even «El Cid», a fashion which echoes the earlier one related to the epic couple of Roland and Olivier.

  7. [Clinical experience of image-guided neurosurgery with a frameless navigation system (StealthStation)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morioka, T; Nishio, S; Ikezaki, K; Natori, Y; Inamura, T; Muratani, H; Muraishi, M; Hisada, K; Mihara, F; Matsushima, T; Fukui, M

    1999-01-01

    We have applied the frameless navigation system (StealthStation) to various neurosurgical procedures to examine its usefulness. The system consists of a UNIX based workstation that creates triplanar and 3-dimensional images; an infrared optical digitizer with camera array; a reference-light-emitting diode (LED) array (e.g., reference array); and pointer probe modified by the addition of LEDs. This system was used to assist in placing a minimal skin incision and craniotomy in 4 cases, to determine the tumor/brain interface in 2 cases, to target the subcortical lesion in one case, and to correlate bony structure with a skull base tumor in 3 cases. The combined use with magnetic source imaging of the somatosensory cortex allowed a fast orientation of eloquent areas in 2 cases with peri-Rolandic tumor. This system, thus, was proved to be a useful adjunct to open-tumor biopsy or resection.

  8. Personnel management in electric utilities. Building blocks of an integrated concept of personnel management. Personalmanagement in Energieunternehmen. Bausteine eines integrierten Personalmanagement-Konzeptes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolks, U. (Roland Berger und Partner GmbH, Duesseldorf (Germany))

    1992-07-01

    The enterprises of the energy industry supplying line-transmitted power are confronted with the task of adapting themselves to changing boundary conditions and scize the chances offered. Characteristic of the changes is, in particular, the introduction of elements of competition as intended by the Commission of the EC. In addition, tasks in eastern Germany must be solved, and timely attention to options in eastern Europe is necessary. All this calls for intensified thinking about the future and, in some sectors of the industry, reorientation. This is the situation that prompted Roland Berger and Partner to prepare a study on the subject of: 'Challenges to the energy industry in the 90s'. In the article, the author presents the results of the study concerning personnel management, subsequently pointing out how the framing of new concepts can be tackled. (orig.).

  9. The World’s machine reinvented

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Teixeira Pinto

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This text analyses in 2010 the poetical scene of the poem The World’s machine of Carlos Drummond de Andrade written in 1949. It is reviewed relevant critical texts about the poem and intertextual possible connections. Among them, the correspondence between Mario de Andrade and Drummond helps to web an embroider that is ended with a thematically and biographical approximation with El Aleph of Jorge Luis Borges. The critical literary work is thought walking among the seriousness of the academic text, the poetical textuality and a blague’s tone.  The punctum and the stadium of Roland Barthes in Câmara Clara are used as poetical/analytical/textual motivation.

  10. Mito e automóvel: um estudo interdisciplinar

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro de Almeida Latorre

    2011-01-01

    Este trabalho aborda o estudo da mítica no carro através do cinema simultaneamente passan-do pela história dos automóveis, utilizando como principal embasamento a teoria de Roland Barthes. Relata, entende e dá forma ao mito, explorando-o como fenômeno cultural, estabele-cendo uma relação entre a mítica do automóvel e o cinema. Mostra como o veículo tem um papel importante no cinema ajudando a construir os personagens e a ambientação do filme. Apresenta e analisa diversas tendências de persona...

  11. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY DISCIPLINARY BOARD - 2002 Exercise

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    Apointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Members Frederick Bordry/SL Gerrit Jan Bossen/EP 1st deputies Wisla Carena/EP Michel Bonnet/EP 2nd deputies Roland Garoby/PS Daniel Boimond/PS Dr Bordry and Dr Bossen have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required : Apointed by the Director-General Appointed by the Staff Association Doris Burckhart/EP Laure Esteveny/AS Margrit Burri/EP Patrick Geeraert/fi Pierre Charrue/SL Bertrand Nicquevert/EP Nicole Laurence Cremel/IT Keith Potter/EST Friedemann Eder/DSU Laurent Tavian/LHC Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  12. [Secure e-mail between physicians--aspect of a telemedicine platform for the health care system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, C F

    2001-10-01

    Ever since the Roland-Berger-Study in 1997, the concept of a "telematics platform" for health care describes the combination of all technical and organizational components and services for the online transmission of patient data. This platform works on an interoperable collection of standards for addressing, security and content-description. In this context the security for application and transport data is based on data protection as well as medical non-disclosure rules. The methods of cryptography can provide security services for data transmitted realizing addressed, direct and indirect privacy. The first German health professional card, the electronic physicians' ID, provides central tools for such applications. First functionally simple pilot projects will prove the effectiveness of chosen methods in this year, even if not all identified construction sites in health care telematics have yet been lead towards a finalized solution.

  13. Historical photogrammetry: Bird's Paluxy River dinosaur chase sequence digitally reconstructed as it was prior to excavation 70 years ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falkingham, Peter L; Bates, Karl T; Farlow, James O

    2014-01-01

    It is inevitable that some important specimens will become lost or damaged over time, conservation is therefore of vital importance. The Paluxy River dinosaur tracksite is among the most famous in the world. In 1940, Roland T. Bird described and excavated a portion of the site containing associated theropod and sauropod trackways. This excavated trackway was split up and housed in different institutions, and during the process a portion was lost or destroyed. We applied photogrammetric techniques to photographs taken by Bird over 70 years ago, before the trackway was removed, to digitally reconstruct the site as it was prior to excavation. The 3D digital model offers the opportunity to corroborate maps drawn by R.T. Bird when the tracksite was first described. More broadly, this work demonstrates the exciting potential for digitally recreating palaeontological, geological, or archaeological specimens that have been lost to science, but for which photographic documentation exists.

  14. Reduced fractional anisotropy in the anterior corpus callosum is associated with reduced speech fluency in persistent developmental stuttering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civier, Oren; Kronfeld-Duenias, Vered; Amir, Ofer; Ezrati-Vinacour, Ruth; Ben-Shachar, Michal

    2015-04-01

    Developmental stuttering is a speech disorder that severely limits one's ability to communicate. White matter anomalies were reported in stuttering, but their functional significance is unclear. We analyzed the relation between white matter properties and speech fluency in adults who stutter (AWS). We used diffusion tensor imaging with tract-based spatial statistics, and examined group differences as well as correlations with behavioral fluency measures. We detected a region in the anterior corpus callosum with significantly lower fractional anisotropy in AWS relative to controls. Within the AWS group, reduced anisotropy in that region is associated with reduced fluency. A statistically significant interaction was found between group and age in two additional regions: the left Rolandic operculum and the left posterior corpus callosum. Our findings suggest that anterior callosal anomaly in stuttering may represent a maladaptive reduction in interhemispheric inhibition, possibly leading to a disadvantageous recruitment of right frontal cortex in speech production. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Algasid etendustesarja "Suveaaria 2009" proovid / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    10. juulist 10. augustini Pärnu Vanalinna Põhikooli õuel toimuvast Pärnu Ooperi korraldatavast etendustesarjast "Suveaaria", mille raames tuuakse installatsioon-ooperite sarjas "Kataloog" uuena välja soprani ja tenori duettide projekt "Armustseene kvaliteetooperitest" (laulavad Kai Kallastu ja Roland Liiv, etenduse lavastaja on koreograaf Kaspar Aus, kunstnik Pille Neeve, muusikalise lahenduse eest vastutavad heliloojad Andrus Kallastu ja Hans-Gunter Lock ning pianist Jorma Toots). Korratakse "Hullumisstseene kvaliteetooperitest" (esinevad sopran Kai Kallastu ja flötist Leonora Palu) ja eelmisel aastal mudaravilasse komponeeritud Locki eksperimentaalset muusikateatrietendust "Mudamuusikateraapia laboratoorium". Esitatakse Andrus Kallastu loomingul põhinev müsteerium "Valgus ja vari", milles kõlab "Stabat mater" elektroonikale, "Stabat mater" häälele (laulab Kai Kallastu, saateks Anima Mea elektroonika)

  16. Les indispensables de la mécanique quantique

    CERN Document Server

    Omnès, Roland

    2006-01-01

    Voulez-vous connaître la mécanique quantique ? Voulez-vous apprendre à calculer une équation de Schrödinger ? Voulez-vous comprendre la décohérence ou le passage du microscopique au macroscopique ? Ou l'irréversibilité du temps ? La causalité ? La dualité onde-corpuscule ? Le paradoxe de Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen ? Roland Omnès a écrit cette introduction à la mécanique quantique pour en démonter pas à pas le formalisme et en expliciter les concepts fondamentaux. Il veut faire comprendre la puissance expérimentale de cette physique jamais démentie, et sa puissance théorique qui oblige à repenser la matière

  17. La ley del deseo como esencia ética de lo político

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farrán, Roque

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article I propose to interrogate the ethical - political statute of the law in its ontological difference concerning the merely normative or countable thing.In order to do that I comment some theoretical contributions of Alain Badiou, Jacques Rancière, Jacques Lacan, Giorgio Agamben, Slavoj Zizek, Jean - Luc Nancy and Roland Barthes, that allow us to think closer than the discernible by the language. The main idea that involves the crossing of these affine references is to circumscribe the fleeting act of affirmation of the law qua difference that enables the constitution of a political subject remarking its essentially ethical dimension

    En el presente artículo me propongo interrogar el estatuto ético-político de la ley en su diferencia ontológica respecto a lo meramente normativo o contable, para ello comento algunos aportes teóricos de autores como Alain Badiou, Jacques Rancière, Jacques Lacan, Giorgio Agamben, Slavoj Zizek, Jean-Luc Nancy y Roland Barthes, que nos permitirán pensar más acá de lo discernible por el lenguaje establecido. La idea principal que conlleva el cruce de estas referencias afines aunque disímiles, es la de circunscribir el acto fugaz de afirmación de la ley qua diferencia que habilita la constitución de un sujeto político, remarcando así su dimensión esencialmente ética.

  18. Percutaneous laser disc decompression versus conventional microdiscectomy in sciatica: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouwer, Patrick A; Brand, Ronald; van den Akker-van Marle, M Elske; Jacobs, Wilco C H; Schenk, Barry; van den Berg-Huijsmans, Annette A; Koes, Bart W; van Buchem, M A; Arts, Mark P; Peul, Wilco C

    2015-05-01

    Percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD) is a minimally invasive treatment for lumbar disc herniation, with Food and Drug Administration approval since 1991. However, no randomized trial comparing PLDD to conventional treatment has been performed. In this trial, we assessed the effectiveness of a strategy of PLDD as compared with conventional surgery. This randomized prospective trial with a noninferiority design was carried out in two academic and six teaching hospitals in the Netherlands according to an intent-to-treat protocol with full institutional review board approval. One hundred fifteen eligible surgical candidates, with sciatica from a disc herniation smaller than one-third of the spinal canal, were included. The main outcome measures for this trial were the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire for sciatica, visual analog scores for back and leg pain, and the patient's report of perceived recovery. Patients were randomly allocated to PLDD (n=57) or conventional surgery (n=58). Blinding was impossible because of the nature of the interventions. This study was funded by the Healthcare Insurance Board of the Netherlands. The primary outcome, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, showed noninferiority of PLDD at 8 (-0.1; [95% confidence interval (CI), -2.3 to 2.1]) and 52 weeks (-1.1; 95% CI, -3.4 to 1.1) compared with conventional surgery. There was, however, a higher speed of recovery in favor of conventional surgery (hazard ratio, 0.64 [95% CI, 0.42-0.97]). The number of reoperations was significantly less in the conventional surgery group (38% vs. 16%). Overall, a strategy of PLDD, with delayed surgery if needed, resulted in noninferior outcomes at 1 year. At 1 year, a strategy of PLDD, followed by surgery if needed, resulted in noninferior outcomes compared with surgery. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Brain substrates underlying auditory speech priming in healthy listeners and listeners with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, C; Zheng, Y; Li, J; Wu, H; She, S; Liu, S; Ning, Y; Li, L

    2017-04-01

    Under 'cocktail party' listening conditions, healthy listeners and listeners with schizophrenia can use temporally pre-presented auditory speech-priming (ASP) stimuli to improve target-speech recognition, even though listeners with schizophrenia are more vulnerable to informational speech masking. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, this study searched for both brain substrates underlying the unmasking effect of ASP in 16 healthy controls and 22 patients with schizophrenia, and brain substrates underlying schizophrenia-related speech-recognition deficits under speech-masking conditions. In both controls and patients, introducing the ASP condition (against the auditory non-speech-priming condition) not only activated the left superior temporal gyrus (STG) and left posterior middle temporal gyrus (pMTG), but also enhanced functional connectivity of the left STG/pMTG with the left caudate. It also enhanced functional connectivity of the left STG/pMTG with the left pars triangularis of the inferior frontal gyrus (TriIFG) in controls and that with the left Rolandic operculum in patients. The strength of functional connectivity between the left STG and left TriIFG was correlated with target-speech recognition under the speech-masking condition in both controls and patients, but reduced in patients. The left STG/pMTG and their ASP-related functional connectivity with both the left caudate and some frontal regions (the left TriIFG in healthy listeners and the left Rolandic operculum in listeners with schizophrenia) are involved in the unmasking effect of ASP, possibly through facilitating the following processes: masker-signal inhibition, target-speech encoding, and speech production. The schizophrenia-related reduction of functional connectivity between the left STG and left TriIFG augments the vulnerability of speech recognition to speech masking.

  20. Transcultural adaptation and validation of Hindi version of Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaidi, Sahar; Verma, Shalini; Moiz, Jamal Ali; Hussain, Mohammed E

    2017-08-07

    To transculturally adapt the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale for Hindi-speaking population and examine its psychometric properties in patients with low back pain. The Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale was translated and cross-culturally adapted into Hindi following international guidelines. Hindi version of the scale was completed by 120 patients with low back pain and 60 healthy controls. Patients with low back pain were also administered the Hindi-Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire and Visual Analog Scale. Psychometric evaluation included test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminative validity. Exploratory factor analysis was carried out to determine the factor structure. The factorial analysis revealed a four-factor solution (bending/carrying, ambulation/reach, prolonged postures and rest). Convergent validity was confirmed by high correlation of Hindi Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale to the Hindi version of Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (r = 0.77 and p Visual Analog Scale (r = 0.682 and p Disability Scale has good test-retest reliability, discriminative and convergent validity and is appropriate for clinical and research use in Hindi-speaking low back pain patients. Implications for rehabilitation Linguistically and culturally adapted questionnaires help researchers make adequate inferences about instruments measuring health and quality of life. The translated version would serve as a valid research tool allowing comparability of data across cultures thus, providing opportunities for large multicenter, multicountry trials. A Hindi Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale version will help to improve the quality and efficacy of assessment of low back pain by developing in patients, a better understanding of the items which can be easily correlated with the activities of daily living.

  1. Reliability and validity of the visual analogue scale for disability in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boonstra, Anne M; Schiphorst Preuper, Henrica R; Reneman, Michiel F; Posthumus, Jitze B; Stewart, Roy E

    2008-06-01

    To determine the reliability and concurrent validity of a visual analogue scale (VAS) for disability as a single-item instrument measuring disability in chronic pain patients was the objective of the study. For the reliability study a test-retest design and for the validity study a cross-sectional design was used. A general rehabilitation centre and a university rehabilitation centre was the setting for the study. The study population consisted of patients over 18 years of age, suffering from chronic musculoskeletal pain; 52 patients in the reliability study, 344 patients in the validity study. Main outcome measures were as follows. Reliability study: Spearman's correlation coefficients (rho values) of the test and retest data of the VAS for disability; validity study: rho values of the VAS disability scores with the scores on four domains of the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and VAS pain scores, and with Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire scores in chronic low back pain patients. Results were as follows: in the reliability study rho values varied from 0.60 to 0.77; and in the validity study rho values of VAS disability scores with SF-36 domain scores varied from 0.16 to 0.51, with Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire scores from 0.38 to 0.43 and with VAS pain scores from 0.76 to 0.84. The conclusion of the study was that the reliability of the VAS for disability is moderate to good. Because of a weak correlation with other disability instruments and a strong correlation with the VAS for pain, however, its validity is questionable.

  2. Measurement Properties of the Brazilian-Portuguese Version of the Lumbar Spine Instability Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo, Amanda Costa; da Cunha Menezes Costa, Lucíola; de Oliveira, Crystian Bittencourt Soares; Morelhão, Priscila Kalil; de Faria Negrão Filho, Rúben; Pinto, Rafael Zambelli; Costa, Leonardo Oliveira Pena

    2017-07-01

    Cross-cultural adaptation and analysis of measurement properties. To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Lumbar Spine Instability Questionnaire (LSIQ) into Brazilian-Portuguese and to test its measurement properties in Brazilian patients with low back pain. The selection of subgroup of patients that respond better to specific interventions is the top research priority in the field of back pain. The LSIQ is a tool able to stratify patients with low back pain who responds better to motor control exercises. There is no Brazilian-Portuguese version of the LSIQ available. The original version of the LSIQ was translated and cross-culturally adapted. We collected data from 100 patients with low back pain. In addition to LSIQ, we also collected information about physical activity levels (measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short version), disability (measured by the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire), pain intensity (measured by the Pain numerical Rating Scale), kinesiophobia (measured by the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia), and depression (measured by the Beck Depression Inventory). The measurement properties tested were internal consistency, reproducibility (reliability and agreement), construct validity, and ceiling and floor effects. The Brazilian-Portuguese version of the LSIQ showed good measurement properties with a Cronbach alpha of 0.79, an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.75, a standard error of measurement of 1.65 points, and a minimal detectable change of 3.54 points. We did not detect ceiling and floor effects. The construct validity analysis was observed a moderate correlation between the LSIQ and Pain Numerical Rating Scale r = 0.46, Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire r = 0.66, Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia r = 0.49, and Beck Depression Inventory r = 0.44. The Brazilian-Portuguese version of LIQ has adequate measurement properties and can be used in clinical practice and research. NA.

  3. Relative ability of fat and sugar tastes to activate reward, gustatory, and somatosensory regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stice, Eric; Burger, Kyle S; Yokum, Sonja

    2013-12-01

    Although the intake of high-fat and high-sugar food activates mesolimbic reward, gustatory, and oral somatosensory brain regions, contributing to overeating, few studies have examined the relative role of fat and sugar in the activation of these brain regions, which would inform policy, prevention, and treatment interventions designed to reduce obesity. We evaluated the effect of a high-fat or high-sugar equicaloric chocolate milkshake and increasing fat or sugar milkshake content on the activation of these regions. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess the neural response to the intake of high-fat/high-sugar, high-fat/low-sugar, low-fat/high-sugar, and low-fat/low-sugar chocolate milkshakes and a tasteless solution in 106 lean adolescents (mean ± SD age = 15.00 ± 0.88 y). Analyses contrasted the activation to the various milkshakes. High-fat compared with high-sugar equicaloric milkshakes caused greater activation in the bilateral caudate, postcentral gyrus, hippocampus, and inferior frontal gyrus. High-sugar compared with high-fat equicaloric milkshakes caused greater activation in the bilateral insula extending into the putamen, the Rolandic operculum, and thalamus, which produced large activation regions. Increasing sugar in low-fat milkshakes caused greater activation in the bilateral insula and Rolandic operculum; increasing fat content did not elicit greater activation in any region. Fat caused greater activation of the caudate and oral somatosensory regions than did sugar, sugar caused greater activation in the putamen and gustatory regions than did fat, increasing sugar caused greater activity in gustatory regions, and increasing fat did not affect the activation. Results imply that sugar more effectively recruits reward and gustatory regions, suggesting that policy, prevention, and treatment interventions should prioritize reductions in sugar intake. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as DK092468.

  4. Relative ability of fat and sugar tastes to activate reward, gustatory, and somatosensory regions123

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burger, Kyle S; Yokum, Sonja

    2013-01-01

    Background: Although the intake of high-fat and high-sugar food activates mesolimbic reward, gustatory, and oral somatosensory brain regions, contributing to overeating, few studies have examined the relative role of fat and sugar in the activation of these brain regions, which would inform policy, prevention, and treatment interventions designed to reduce obesity. Objective: We evaluated the effect of a high-fat or high-sugar equicaloric chocolate milkshake and increasing fat or sugar milkshake content on the activation of these regions. Design: Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess the neural response to the intake of high-fat/high-sugar, high-fat/low-sugar, low-fat/high-sugar, and low-fat/low-sugar chocolate milkshakes and a tasteless solution in 106 lean adolescents (mean ± SD age = 15.00 ± 0.88 y). Analyses contrasted the activation to the various milkshakes. Results: High-fat compared with high-sugar equicaloric milkshakes caused greater activation in the bilateral caudate, postcentral gyrus, hippocampus, and inferior frontal gyrus. High-sugar compared with high-fat equicaloric milkshakes caused greater activation in the bilateral insula extending into the putamen, the Rolandic operculum, and thalamus, which produced large activation regions. Increasing sugar in low-fat milkshakes caused greater activation in the bilateral insula and Rolandic operculum; increasing fat content did not elicit greater activation in any region. Conclusions: Fat caused greater activation of the caudate and oral somatosensory regions than did sugar, sugar caused greater activation in the putamen and gustatory regions than did fat, increasing sugar caused greater activity in gustatory regions, and increasing fat did not affect the activation. Results imply that sugar more effectively recruits reward and gustatory regions, suggesting that policy, prevention, and treatment interventions should prioritize reductions in sugar intake. This trial was registered at

  5. High level laser therapy for the treatment of lower back pain: clinical efficacy and comparison of different wavelengths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notarnicola, A; Maccagnano, G; Tafuri, S; Gallone, M F; Moretti, L; Moretti, B

    2016-01-01

    High energy laser therapy (HELT) could be a new alternative treatment for lower back pain (LBP), which is a significant public health problem. Nevertheless, differences between the various light waves of HELT have not yet been fully researched. Sixty-six patients with lower back pain were treated using a high energy laser therapy. They were randomized into three different protocols which differed according to wave length (650 nm, 810 nm and TRIAX, which is simultaneous emission of 810 nm, 980 nm e 1064 nm). The other parameters remained constant (5 W and 50 J/cm2 for ten daily sessions). The visual analogue scale (VAS), the Roland Scale, and the Oswestry Score were measured before treatment (T0), and at end of the treatment session (T1) and 1 month (T1), 2 months (T2) and 4 months of follow-up (T4). In each group we verified a statistically significant improvement over time and that there was a relationship between the time and treatment (p less than 0.01). At T1 for all wavelengths we found a statistically significant improvement of three scores (p less than 0.01), which was maintained up to T4. The group treated with 810 nm HELT, showed a better remission of pain on the VAS scale, and disability on the Oswestry Scale at T4 (p=0.01). Comparing T0-T1 the variation in the Roland Score was significant in the patients treated with 810 nm (p less than 0.01). All the wavelengths analyzed proved to be efficacious for LBP. The greater efficacy of 810 nm in promoting nerve regeneration and in modulating the nociception transmission could explain the better outcomes.

  6. Development of the Italian version of the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-I): cross-cultural adaptation, factor analysis, reliability, and validity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monticone, Marco; Giorgi, Ines; Baiardi, Paola; Barbieri, Massimo; Rocca, Barbara; Bonezzi, Cesare

    2010-05-20

    Evaluation of the psychometric properties of a translated and culturally adapted questionnaire. Translating, culturally adapting, and validating the Italian version of the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-I) to allow its use for Italian-speaking patients with low back pain. Increasing attention is being given to standardized outcome measures as a means of improving interventions for low back pain. A translated form of the TSK in patients with low back pain has never been validated in the Italian population. The development of the TSK-I questionnaire involved its translation and back-translation, a final review by an expert committee, and testing of the prefinal version to establish its correspondence to the original English version. Psychometric testing included factor analysis, reliability by internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and test-retest repeatability (Intraclass Coefficient Correlation), discriminant validity (Pearson correlation) by comparing TSK-I to a visual analogue scale, the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire, Beck's Depression Inventory and Anxiety Inventory. It took the authors 5 months to achieve a shared version of the TSK-I, which proved to be satisfactorily acceptable when administered to 178 subjects. Factor analysis indicated a 2-factor 13-item solution (38% of explained variance). The questionnaire showed acceptable internal consistency (alpha = 0.772) and high test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.956). Discriminant validity showed moderate to low correlations with visual analogue scale (r = 0.345), the Roland Morris Disability (r = 0.337), and Beck's Depression Inventory and Anxiety Inventory (r = 0.258 and r = 283). The subscales were also psychometrically analyzed. The TSK was successfully translated into Italian, showing a good factorial structure and psychometric properties, and replicating the results of existing English versions of the questionnaire. Its use is recommended for research purposes.

  7. Effects of subclinical depression, anxiety and somatization on brain structure in healthy subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besteher, Bianca; Gaser, Christian; Langbein, Kerstin; Dietzek, Maren; Sauer, Heinrich; Nenadić, Igor

    2017-06-01

    Dimensional approaches in highly prevalent psychiatric disorders like depression or anxiety could lead to a better understanding of pathogenesis and advantages in early detection and prevention. In an effort to better understand associations of brain structural variation across the depression/anxiety spectra, we investigated minor subclinical symptoms in a non-clinical healthy population. We studied 177 healthy subjects from the community, who underwent high-resolution T1-weighted 3T MRI and completed the symptom-checklist-90 (SCL-90-R). Using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis with CAT12 software, we correlated SCL-90-R-subscales for depression, anxiety, and somatization with gray matter across the brain. Significant positive gray matter correlations emerged across all three scales in different areas: the depression subscale correlated positively with gray matter in the Rolandic operculum, superior temporal gyrus (left) and postcentral gyrus (bilateral), the anxiety subscale correlated positively with middle temporal gyrus, Rolandic operculum, middle cingular gyrus and precuneus bilaterally, and the somatization subscale with left inferior prefrontal cortex. Somatization also showed negative correlations with cerebellar vermis and right supplementary motor area. Our study is limited to VBM and does not include surface-based measures. It also only contains subjects with very small psychological distress by partly overlapping symptoms. Our findings are consistent with a non-linear relationship between symptom severity and cortical volume in several brain areas involved in both emotion regulation as well as altered in clinically manifest depressive/anxiety disorders. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. The Human Rights as a Product: reflections about the news and the media culture / Os Direitos Humanos como Produto: reflexões sobre a informação e a cultura da mídia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Oliveira de Moura

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we discuss some problems involving the traditional media and the human rights nowadays. Adopting a critical, historical and dialectical approach, the paper makes an intersection between the traditional mass media and the DH in order to discuss issues on both subjects and pointing out possible alternatives. In order to carry out the study, the theories of Roland Barthes (1971, Joaquín Herrera Flores (2005 and Douglas Kellner (2001 are taken into consideration. It is important to stress that the intention of this paper is not to generalize results from our bibliographical research, but to detect tendencies and discern trends about the topic under discussion.Este artigo traz reflexões sobre algumas problemáticas envolvendo a mídia tradicional e a questão dos Direitos Humanos na atualidade. Adotando uma postura crítica, histórica e dialética, o trabalho faz uma intersecção entre os veículos de comunicação de massa tradicionais e os Direitos Humanos, com o propósito de problematizar questões sobre ambos e apontar possíveis saídas. Para tanto, dentre outros autores, foram utilizados os pressupostos desenvolvidos por Roland Barthes (1971, Joaquín Herrera Flores (2005 e Douglas Kellner (2001. Salienta-se que não se pretende generalizar resultados a partir de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, mas, sim, detectar tendências e vislumbrar possibilidades a respeito da temática em pauta.

  9. Chronic pain acceptance questionnaire: confirmatory factor analysis, reliability, and validity in Italian subjects with chronic low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monticone, Marco; Ferrante, Simona; Rocca, Barbara; Nava, Tiziana; Parini, Chiara; Cerri, Cesare

    2013-06-01

    Cross-sectional evaluation of the psychometric properties of a translated questionnaire. To validate the Italian version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ) to allow its use with Italian-speaking patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). Growing attention is being given to cognitive-behavioral measures to improve interventions for LBP. The CPAQ has never been validated in Italian subjects with chronic LBP. The psychometric testing included confirmatory factor analysis, reliability by internal consistency (Cronbach α), test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient), sensitivity to change by calculating the smallest detectable change, and construct validity by comparing CPAQ with a pain numerical rating scale, the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, and the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (Pearson correlations). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were computed to further investigate construct validity of the CPAQ subscales. The questionnaire was administered to 142 subjects with chronic LBP. Factor analysis confirmed a 2-factor (viz., Activities Engagement and Pain Willingness) 20-item solution, achieving a good data-model fit. Internal consistency (α = 0.88) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.86) were good. The smallest detectable change was 22. Construct validity showed a moderate correlation between the CPAQ and numerical rating scale (r = -0.485), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire Scale (r = -0.594), and Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (r = -0.595), and a close correlation with Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (r = -0.610 for the Anxiety score and r = -0.659 for the Depression score) and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (r = -0.658). The standardized regression coefficients for Activity Engagement were significant in all of the equations, and those for Pain Willingness were significant in the anxiety

  10. Viagens e leituras japonesas em Rakushisha, de Adriana Lisboa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Vejmelka

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: No romance Rakushisha (2007, Adriana Lisboa representa várias dimensões da experiência da alteridade. Os dois protagonistas brasileiros que viajam ao Japão – Haruki em busca de suas raízes culturais, Celina em busca dela mesma – refletem a estadia da própria autora em Quioto, experiência necessária para poder escrever o livro, como afirma ela. A viagem do protagonsitas ao Japão também funciona como guia para os leitores na descoberta e no diálogo com as obras dos poetas japoneses Matsuo Bashō (1644-1694 e Sei Shōnagon (966-1025 – particularmente o Saga Nikki e o Livro de cabeceira – assim como a experiência do Japão relatada por Roland Barthes em L’Empire des signes.   Abstract: In her novel Rakushisha (2007, Adriana Lisboa reflects different dimensions of experiencing alterity. The two Brazilian protagonists travelling to Japan – Haruki in search of his cultural origins, Celina in search of herself – reflect the author’s own stay in Kyoto, which has been necessary, as she claims, to be able to write the book. The two protagonists’ trip to Japan also serves as a guide for the readers in the novel’s discovery of and dialogue with the works of the Japanese poets Matsuo Bashō (1644-1694 e Sei Shōnagon (966-1025 – namely the Saga Nikki and The Pillow Book – as well as the Japanese experience related by Roland Barthes in L’Empire des signes.

  11. Short-term effects of interferential current electro-massage in adults with chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara-Palomo, Inmaculada Carmen; Aguilar-Ferrándiz, María Encarnación; Matarán-Peñarrocha, Guillermo A; Saavedra-Hernández, Manuel; Granero-Molina, José; Fernández-Sola, Cayetano; Castro-Sánchez, Adelaida María

    2013-05-01

    To analyse the effectiveness of a combined procedure of massage and electrotherapy with interferential current in individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain of mechanical aetiology. A single blinded randomized controlled trial. Clinical setting. Sixty-two individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. For 10 weeks the experimental group underwent treatment comprising 20 sessions (twice a week) of massage with interferential current in the lumbar and dorsal-lumbar area, and the control group received superficial lower back massage (effleurage, superficial pressure and skin rolling). Oswestry Disability Index, pain visual analogue scale, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire, McQuade Test, Side Bridge Test, quality of life scores and the range of trunk anteflexion motion, which were all assessed before the treatment and immediately after the last treatment session. The 2 × 2 mixed model ANOVA with repeated measurements showed statistically significant group * time interactions for the visual analogue scale (F = 12.839; P = 0.001), Oswestry Disability Index (F = 5.850; P = 0.019), Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (F = 8.237; P = 0.006) and quality of life (physical function (F = 16.792; P = 0.001), physical role (F = 14.839; P = 0.001) and body pain (F = 11.247; P = 0.001)). In individuals with chronic non-specific low back pain, interferential current electro-massage achieved a significantly greater improvement in disability, pain and quality of life in comparison to superficial massage after 20 treatment sessions.

  12. Adding chiropractic manipulative therapy to standard medical care for patients with acute low back pain: results of a pragmatic randomized comparative effectiveness study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goertz, Christine M; Long, Cynthia R; Hondras, Maria A; Petri, Richard; Delgado, Roxana; Lawrence, Dana J; Owens, Edward F; Meeker, William C

    2013-04-15

    Randomized controlled trial. To assess changes in pain levels and physical functioning in response to standard medical care (SMC) versus SMC plus chiropractic manipulative therapy (CMT) for the treatment of low back pain (LBP) among 18 to 35-year-old active-duty military personnel. LBP is common, costly, and a significant cause of long-term sick leave and work loss. Many different interventions are available, but there exists no consensus on the best approach. One intervention often used is manipulative therapy. Current evidence from randomized controlled trials demonstrates that manipulative therapy may be as effective as other conservative treatments of LBP, but its appropriate role in the healthcare delivery system has not been established. Prospective, 2-arm randomized controlled trial pilot study comparing SMC plus CMT with only SMC. The primary outcome measures were changes in back-related pain on the numerical rating scale and physical functioning at 4 weeks on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and back pain functional scale (BPFS). Mean Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire scores decreased in both groups during the course of the study, but adjusted mean scores were significantly better in the SMC plus CMT group than in the SMC group at both week 2 (P < 0.001) and week 4 (P = 0.004). Mean numerical rating scale pain scores were also significantly better in the group that received CMT. Adjusted mean back pain functional scale scores were significantly higher (improved) in the SMC plus CMT group than in the SMC group at both week 2 (P < 0.001) and week 4 (P = 0.004). The results of this trial suggest that CMT in conjunction with SMC offers a significant advantage for decreasing pain and improving physical functioning when compared with only standard care, for men and women between 18 and 35 years of age with acute LBP.

  13. The effects of massage therapy after decompression and fusion surgery of the lumbar spine: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Glenda

    2012-01-01

    Spinal fusion and decompression surgery of the lumbar spine are common procedures for problems such as disc herniations. Various studies for postoperative interventions have been conducted; however, no massage therapy studies have been completed. The objective of this study is to determine if massage therapy can beneficially treat pain and dysfunction associated with lumbar spinal decompression and fusion surgery. Client is a 47-year-old female who underwent spinal decompression and fusion surgery of L4/L5 due to chronic disc herniation symptoms. The research design was a case study in a private clinic involving the applications of seven, 30-minute treatments conducted over eight weeks. Common Swedish massage and myofascial techniques were applied to the back, shoulders, posterior hips, and posterior legs. Outcomes were assessed using the following measures: VAS pain scale, Hamstring Length Test, Oswestry Disability Index, and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire. Hamstring length improved (in degrees of extension) from pretreatment measurements in the right leg of 40° and left leg 65° to post-treatment measurement at the final visit, when the results were right 50° and left 70°. The Oswestry Disability Index improved 14%, from 50% to 36% disability. Roland-Morris Disability decreased 1 point, from 3/24 to 2/24. The VAS pain score decreased by 2 points after most treatments, and for three of the seven treatments, client had a post-treatment score of 0/10. Massage for pain had short-term effects. Massage therapy seemed to lengthen the hamstrings bilaterally. Massage therapy does appear to have positive effects in the reduction of disability. This study is beneficial for understanding the relationship between massage therapy and clients who have undergone spinal decompression and fusion. Further research is warranted.

  14. Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and interferential currents (IFC) in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain: randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Facci, Ligia Maria; Nowotny, Jean Paulus; Tormem, Fabio; Trevisani, Virgínia Fernandes Moça

    2011-01-01

    Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and interferential current are the most used electrotherapy methods, although there is little scientific evidence to support their use. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of TENS and interferential current among patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain. Single-blind randomized controlled trial in the Department of Physiotherapy, Centro Universitário de Maringá. One hundred and fifty patients were randomly divided into three groups: TENS (group 1), interferential current (group 2) and controls (group 3). The patients designated for electrotherapy received ten 30-minute sessions, while the control group remained untreated. All patients and controls were evaluated before and after treatment using a visual analog scale and the McGill Pain and Roland Morris questionnaires, and regarding their use of additional medications. There was a mean reduction on the visual analog scale of 39.18 mm with TENS, 44.86 mm with interferential current and 8.53 mm among the controls. In the Roland Morris questionnaire, group 1 had a mean reduction of 6.59; group 2, 7.20; and group 3, 0.70 points. In group 1, 84% of the patients stopped using medications after the treatment; in group 2, 75%; and in group 3, 34%. There was no statistically significant difference between the TENS and interferential current groups (P > 0.05); a difference was only found between these groups and the controls (P TENS and interferential current for chronic low back pain treatment. NCT01017913.

  15. Assessment of the Minimum Clinically Important Difference in the Timed Up and Go Test After Surgery for Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gautschi, Oliver P; Stienen, Martin N; Corniola, Marco V; Joswig, Holger; Schaller, Karl; Hildebrandt, Gerhard; Smoll, Nicolas R

    2017-03-01

    The Timed Up and Go Test (TUG Test) has previously been described as a reliable tool to evaluate objective functional impairment in patients with degenerative disc disease. The aim of this study was to assess the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the TUG Test. The TUG Test (measured in seconds) was correlated with validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROs) of pain intensity (Visual Analog Scale for back and leg pain), functional impairment (Oswestry Disability Index, Roland Morris Disability Index), and health-related quality of life measures (Short Form-12 and EuroQol 5D). Three established methods were used to establish anchor-based MCID values using responders of the following PROs (Visual Analog Scale back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, Roland Morris Disability Index, EuroQol 5D index, and Short Form-12 Physical Component Summary) as anchors: (1) average change, (2) minimum detectable change, and (3) change difference approach. One hundred patients with a mean ± SD age of 56.2 ± 16.1 years, 57 (57%) male, 45 patients undergoing microdiscectomy, 35 undergoing lumbar decompression, and 20 undergoing fusion surgery were studied. The 3 MCID computation methods revealed a range of MCID values according to the PRO used from 0.9 s (Oswestry Disability Index based on the change difference approach) to 6.0 s (EuroQol 5D index based on the minimum detectable change approach), with a mean MCID of 3.4 s for all measured PROs. The MCID for the TUG Test time is highly variable depending on the computation technique used. The average TUG Test MCID was 3.4 s using all 3 methods and all anchors.

  16. Effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS and interferential currents (IFC in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain: randomized clinical trial

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    Ligia Maria Facci

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS and interferential current are the most used electrotherapy methods, although there is little scientific evidence to support their use. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of TENS and interferential current among patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain. DESIGN AND SETTING: Single-blind randomized controlled trial in the Department of Physiotherapy, Centro Universitário de Maringá. METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients were randomly divided into three groups: TENS (group 1, interferential current (group 2 and controls (group 3. The patients designated for electrotherapy received ten 30-minute sessions, while the control group remained untreated. All patients and controls were evaluated before and after treatment using a visual analog scale and the McGill Pain and Roland Morris questionnaires, and regarding their use of additional medications. RESULTS: There was a mean reduction on the visual analog scale of 39.18 mm with TENS, 44.86 mm with interferential current and 8.53 mm among the controls. In the Roland Morris questionnaire, group 1 had a mean reduction of 6.59; group 2, 7.20; and group 3, 0.70 points. In group 1, 84% of the patients stopped using medications after the treatment; in group 2, 75%; and in group 3, 34%. There was no statistically significant difference between the TENS and interferential current groups (P > 0.05; a difference was only found between these groups and the controls (P < 0.0001. CONCLUSION: There was no difference between TENS and interferential current for chronic low back pain treatment. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01017913.

  17. Posterior chain flexibility and lower back pain in farm workers

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    Marcia Regina da Silva

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: Flexibility is an essential component of physical aptitude that reduces the incidence of muscle distention and improves movement efficiency and posture. Objective: To analyze posterior chain flexibility and lower back pain (LBP in farm workers from a city in western Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Methods: Quantitative and cross-sectional study conducted with 185 rural workers, average age of 44.24 (±10.83 years. The Rural Worker Health Questionnaire, containing individual issues related to work; sit and reach box, goniometer, visual analog scale (VAS and Oswestry and Roland-Morris questionnaires were used to evaluate posterior chain flexibility, hamstring muscle length, pain and lumbar spine dysfunction, respectively. Flexibility was compared with the degree of dysfunction using one-way ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni post hoc test. Results: 181 (97.8% workers reported LBP symptoms: 100% of the women and 95.2% of the men. The average Oswestry score was 7.09 (±8.25, Roland-Morris 1.22 (±1.63, and VAS 5.81 (±2.5. Average flexibility by the sit and reach test (SRT was 23.91cm (±18.81; straight leg raise (SLR, 66° (±11.77 and popliteal angle 123.21° (±12.45. There was a significant difference in the popliteal angle (p = 0.003 and SLR (0.001 when compared with the degree of dysfunction. Women showed significant differences in all tests; however, the post hoc test showed a significant difference only in the SRT (p = 0.013, and women with minimal dysfunction had greater flexibility in relation to those with severe dysfunction. Conclusion: Self-reported LBP was severe and women with higher levels of dysfunction exhibited less posterior chain flexibility.

  18. Kinesiophobia is not associated with disability in elderly women with acute low back pain: Back Complaints in the Elders (BACE) Brazil study results.

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    Felício, Diogo C; Pereira, Daniele S; de Queiroz, Barbara Z; da Silva, Juscelio P; Leopoldino, Amanda A O; Pereira, Leani S M

    2016-05-01

    The study of low back pain (LBP) is complex, and the physical and psychological aspects, including kinesiophobia, should be considered. Several studies have investigated the relationship between kinesiophobia and functionality in patients with chronic LBP. However, to the best of the authors' knowledge, no studies have investigated the association between kinesiophobia and self-reported assessments of disability and physical performance in elderly patients with acute LBP. The study aimed to investigate the association between kinesiophobia and self-reported and physical performance measures among the elderly with acute LBP. This was an observational, cross-sectional, ancillary study of the Back Complaints in the Elders study, a longitudinal observational epidemiologic research project by an international consortium involving Brazil, the Netherlands, and Australia. Sample selection was carried out by convenience. The study included women from the community aged 60 years old and older who presented with a new episode of LBP. Volunteers with severe diseases, as well as visual, hearing, and mobility losses, or cognitive dysfunction, were excluded. Four hundred fifty nine elderly women (mean age: 69.0±6.1 years) were included. Kinesiophobia was evaluated by Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ), subscale FABQ-Phys. Functionality was investigated by the Roland-Morris Questionnaire and the gait speed test. Statistical analysis was performed using hierarchical linear regression model. Statistical significance was established at the level of .05. The additional predictive value because of the inclusion of the FABQ-Phys was 0.1%, using the Roland-Morris score, and 0.2% for the gait speed test. This was the first study to investigate the association between the FABQ-Phys and functionality in elderly patients with acute LBP. The results provide preliminary evidence that kinesiophobia assessed by the FABQ-Phys cannot be generalized to disability. Copyright © 2016

  19. Topographic movie of intracranial ictal high-frequency oscillations with seizure semiology: epileptic network in Jacksonian seizures.

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    Akiyama, Tomoyuki; Chan, Derrick W; Go, Cristina Y; Ochi, Ayako; Elliott, Irene M; Donner, Elizabeth J; Weiss, Shelly K; Snead, O Carter; Rutka, James T; Drake, James M; Otsubo, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    We developed a technique to produce images of dynamic changes in ictal high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) >40 Hz recorded on subdural electroencephalography (EEG) that are time-locked to the ictal EEG and ictal semiology video. We applied this technique to Jacksonian seizures to demonstrate ictal HFO propagation along the homunculus in the primary sensory-motor cortex to visualize the underlying epileptic network. We analyzed intracranial ictal EEGs from two patients with intractable Jacksonian seizures who underwent epilepsy surgery. We calculated the degrees of increase in amplitude within 40-80, 80-200, and 200-300 Hz frequency bands compared to the interictal period and converted them into topographic movies projected onto the brain surface picture. We combined these data with the ictal EEGs and video of the patient demonstrating ictal semiology. The ictal HFOs began in the sensory cortex and appeared concomitantly with the sensory aura. They then propagated to the motor cortex at the same time that focal motor symptoms evolved. As the seizure progressed, the ictal HFOs spread or reverberated in the rolandic region. However, even when the seizure became secondarily generalized, the ictal HFOs were confined to the rolandic region. In both cases, there was increased amplitude of higher frequency bands during seizure initiation compared to seizure progression. This combined movie showed the ictal HFO propagation corresponding to the ictal semiology in Jacksonian seizures and revealed the epileptic network involved in seizure initiation and progression. This method may advance understanding of neural network activities relating to clinical seizure generation and propagation. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2010 International League Against Epilepsy.

  20. Desempenho escolar em crianças com epilepsia benigna da infância com pontas centrotemporais School performance in children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes

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    Lineu Corrêa Fonseca

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Aspectos psicossociais em crianças com epilepsia benigna da infância com pontas centrotemporais (EBICT são objeto de controvérsias. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estudar o desempenho escolar em crianças com EBICT. Vinte crianças foram submetidas ao Teste de Desempenho Escolar (TDE e comparadas a crianças sadias pareadas por idade e escolaridade. Foram estudadas as relações entre o TDE e a lateralidade do foco e o número de descargas ao eletrencefalograma. As crianças com EBICT tiveram, de modo significativo, mais freqüentemente do que as sadias, desempenho inferior no subteste de leitura e no escore total. As crianças com desempenho inferior em leitura apresentaram maior número de descargas do que aquelas com desempenho médio e superior. Não houve diferenças no TDE segundo a lateralidade do foco. O número de descargas, ao interferir com a função cerebral, pode ser um fator a explicar o desempenho mais baixo na leitura.Neuropsychological implications of benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes-rolandic spikes (BECTS have not been adequately investigated. The aim of this study was to compare the results in a school performance test of patients with BECTS and normal age-matched controls. A total of 20 children with BECTS and 20 normal controls were submitted to anamnesis, clinical evaluation, Raven test, school performance test (SPT, digital electroencephalogram and quantitative electroencephalogram analysis. Comparing with normal controls, children with BECTS showed significantly lower SPT results, especially in reading test. There was an association between the higher number of rolandic spikes and inferior performance in SPT reading test. These findings suggest that discharges may be a factor in the genesis of lower performance in reading test in children with BECTS.