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Sample records for underwent structural magnetic

  1. Magnetic structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oles, A.

    1976-01-01

    Description of progress in magnetic neutron diffraction gives an idea of its comtemporary possibilities. The most typical and interesting magnetic structures are presented. Magnetic structures symmetry is mentioned

  2. Magnetic Structure of Erbium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gibbs, D.; Bohr, Jakob; Axe, J. D.

    1986-01-01

    We present a synchrotron x-ray scattering study of the magnetic phases of erbium. In addition to the magnetic scattering located at the fundamental wave vector τm we also observe scattering from magnetoelastically induced charge modulations at the fundamental wave vector, at twice the fundamental......, and at positions split symmetrically about the fundamental. As the temperature is lowered below 52 K the charge and magnetic scattering display a sequence of lock-in transitions to rational wave vectors. A spin-slip description of the magnetic structure is presented which explains the wave vectors...

  3. Optimally segmented magnetic structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Insinga, Andrea Roberto; Bahl, Christian; Bjørk, Rasmus

    We present a semi-analytical algorithm for magnet design problems, which calculates the optimal way to subdivide a given design region into uniformly magnetized segments.The availability of powerful rare-earth magnetic materials such as Nd-Fe-B has broadened the range of applications of permanent...

  4. Magnetic microscopy of layered structures

    CERN Document Server

    Kuch, Wolfgang; Fischer, Peter; Hillebrecht, Franz Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    This book presents the important analytical technique of magnetic microscopy. This method is applied to analyze layered structures with high resolution. This book presents a number of layer-resolving magnetic imaging techniques that have evolved recently. Many exciting new developments in magnetism rely on the ability to independently control the magnetization in two or more magnetic layers in micro- or nanostructures. This in turn requires techniques with the appropriate spatial resolution and magnetic sensitivity. The book begins with an introductory overview, explains then the principles of the various techniques and gives guidance to their use. Selected examples demonstrate the specific strengths of each method. Thus the book is a valuable resource for all scientists and practitioners investigating and applying magnetic layered structures.

  5. Spin Structures in Magnetic Nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørup, Steen; Brok, Erik; Frandsen, Cathrine

    2013-01-01

    Spin structures in nanoparticles of ferrimagnetic materials may deviate locally in a nontrivial way from ideal collinear spin structures. For instance, magnetic frustration due to the reduced numbers of magnetic neighbors at the particle surface or around defects in the interior can lead to spin...... canting and hence a reduced magnetization. Moreover, relaxation between almost degenerate canted spin states can lead to anomalous temperature dependences of the magnetization at low temperatures. In ensembles of nanoparticles, interparticle exchange interactions can also result in spin reorientation...

  6. Magnetic structures: neutron diffraction studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bouree-Vigneron, F.

    1990-01-01

    Neutron diffraction is often an unequivocal method for determining magnetic structures. Here we present some typical examples, stressing the sequence through experiments, data analysis, interpretation and modelisation. Two series of compounds are chosen: Tb Ni 2 Ge 2 and RBe 13 (R = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er). Depending on the nature of the elements, the magnetic structures produced can be commensurate, incommensurate or even show a transition between two such phases as a function of temperature. A model, taking magnetic exchange and anisotropy into account, will be presented in the case of commensurate-incommensurate magnetic transitions in RBe 13

  7. Internal structure of magnetic endosomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivière, C; Wilhelm, C; Cousin, F; Dupuis, V; Gazeau, F; Perzynski, R

    2007-01-01

    The internal structure of biological vesicles filled with magnetic nanoparticles is investigated using the following complementary analyses: electronic transmission microscopy, dynamic probing by magneto-optical birefringence and structural probing by Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS). These magnetic vesicles are magnetic endosomes obtained via a non-specific interaction between cells and anionic magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. Thanks to a magnetic purification process, they are probed at two different stages of their formation within HeLa cells: (i) adsorption of nanoparticles onto the cellular membrane and (ii) their subsequent internalisation within endosomes. Differences in the microenvironment of the magnetic nanoparticles at those two different stages are highlighted here. The dynamics of magnetic nanoparticles adsorbed onto cellular membranes and confined within endosomes is respectively 3 and 5 orders of magnitude slower than for isolated magnetic nanoparticles in aqueous media. Interestingly, SANS experiments show that magnetic endosomes have an internal structure close to decorated vesicles, with magnetic nanoparticles locally decorating the endosome membrane, inside their inner-sphere. These results, important for future biomedical applications, suggest that multiple fusions of decorated vesicles are the biological processes underlying the endocytosis of that kind of nanometric materials.

  8. Internal structure of magnetic endosomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivière, C.; Wilhelm, C.; Cousin, F.; Dupuis, V.; Gazeau, F.; Perzynski, R.

    2007-01-01

    The internal structure of biological vesicles filled with magnetic nanoparticles is investigated using the following complementary analyses: electronic transmission microscopy, dynamic probing by magneto-optical birefringence and structural probing by Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS). These magnetic vesicles are magnetic endosomes obtained via a non-specific interaction between cells and anionic magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. Thanks to a magnetic purification process, they are probed at two different stages of their formation within HeLa cells: (i) adsorption of nanoparticles onto the cellular membrane and (ii) their subsequent internalisation within endosomes. Differences in the microenvironment of the magnetic nanoparticles at those two different stages are highlighted here. The dynamics of magnetic nanoparticles adsorbed onto cellular membranes and confined within endosomes is respectively 3 and 5 orders of magnitude slower than for isolated magnetic nanoparticles in aqueous media. Interestingly, SANS experiments show that magnetic endosomes have an internal structure close to decorated vesicles, with magnetic nanoparticles locally decorating the endosome membrane, inside their inner-sphere. These results, important for future biomedical applications, suggest that multiple fusions of decorated vesicles are the biological processes underlying the endocytosis of that kind of nanometric materials.

  9. Magnetic structure of YMn12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deportes, J.; Givord, D.

    1976-01-01

    YMn 12 crystallizes in the I 4 /mmm tetragonal body-centred structure. Neutron diffraction experiments give evidence for an anti-ferromagnetic structure (Tsub(N) = 120 K) in the tetragonal cell. The magnetic structure has been determined with the help of group theory. The mean Mn magnetic moment is 0.4μsub(B). In spite of the non-colinear arrangement of magnetic moments strong negative anisotropic interactions are evidenced. As it is observed in pure Mn and in rare earth-Fe compounds, these interactions are strongly distance dependent. (author)

  10. SMARTer for magnetic structure studies

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Thus, magnetism in solid state physics and condensed matter research is an important application of neutron scattering. The. SANS technique probing structures on the nanometer scale finds applications in micromagnetism, magnetic clusters embedded in a solid nonmagnetic matrix, mag- netic clusters suspended in fluids ...

  11. Structural design of DEALS magnet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bezler, P.; Hsieh, S.Y.; Balderes, T.; Brown, T.; Bundy, J.

    1979-01-01

    A design for the extraneous magnet structure to support all the magnet loads was developed. The structure consists of two demountable structural systems designed to support the in-plane and out-of-plane loads, respectively. The in-plane loads are resisted by a cold central bucking cylinder and pin connected, plate-beam structural members following the outer periphery of each coil. The out-of-plane, torsional loads are resisted by the concerted action of the central bucking column and a continuous plate structure interconnecting all the coils. The adequacy of the structures were assessed by application of finite element analysis methods. The design study proved the feasibility of resisting the magnetic loadings with a demountable support structure extraneous to the superconducting coil. The resulting magnet system, although estimated to be higher in cost than a continuous coil, incorporates a means for complete coil replacement in a time scale commensurate with conventional nuclear power plant repairs and without the dismantling of the toroidal blanket and plasma shell systems

  12. SMARTer for magnetic structure studies

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    - ter was installed at the Neutron Scattering Laboratory (NSL), National Nuclear Energy. Agency of Indonesia – BATAN in Serpong, Indonesia and has performed the experiment for studying the magnetic structures of Cu(NiFe), CuCo and ...

  13. SMARTer for magnetic structure studies

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SMARTer, a 36-meter small angle neutron scattering (SANS) spectrometer was installed at the Neutron Scattering Laboratory (NSL), National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia – BATAN in Serpong, Indonesia and has performed the experiment for studying the magnetic structures of Cu(NiFe), CuCo and FeSiBNbCu ...

  14. Surface magnetic structures in amorphous ferromagnetic microwires

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Usov, N.A.; Serebryakova, O.N.; Gudoshnikov, S.A.; Tarasov, V.P.

    2017-01-01

    The spatial period of magnetization perturbations that occur near the surface of magnetic nanotube or nanowire under the influence of surface magnetic anisotropy is determined by means of numerical simulation as a function of the sample geometry and material parameters. The surface magnetization distribution obtained is then used to estimate the period of the surface magnetic texture in amorphous microwire of several micrometers in diameter by means of appropriate variational procedure. The period of the surface magnetic texture in amorphous microwire is found to be significantly smaller than the wire diameter. - Highlights: • Magnetic structure may arise near the magnetic nanotube surface under the influence of surface magnetic anisotropy. • The period of the surface magnetization pattern is calculated as a function of the sample geometry. • Similar magnetic structure may exist in amorphous microwire of several micrometers in diameter. • The period of the surface magnetic structure in amorphous wire is found to be significantly smaller than the wire diameter.

  15. Surface magnetic structures in amorphous ferromagnetic microwires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Usov, N.A., E-mail: usov@obninsk.ru [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, Russian Academy of Sciences, IZMIRAN, 108840 Troitsk, Moscow (Russian Federation); Serebryakova, O.N.; Gudoshnikov, S.A. [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, Russian Academy of Sciences, IZMIRAN, 108840 Troitsk, Moscow (Russian Federation); Tarasov, V.P. [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2017-05-01

    The spatial period of magnetization perturbations that occur near the surface of magnetic nanotube or nanowire under the influence of surface magnetic anisotropy is determined by means of numerical simulation as a function of the sample geometry and material parameters. The surface magnetization distribution obtained is then used to estimate the period of the surface magnetic texture in amorphous microwire of several micrometers in diameter by means of appropriate variational procedure. The period of the surface magnetic texture in amorphous microwire is found to be significantly smaller than the wire diameter. - Highlights: • Magnetic structure may arise near the magnetic nanotube surface under the influence of surface magnetic anisotropy. • The period of the surface magnetization pattern is calculated as a function of the sample geometry. • Similar magnetic structure may exist in amorphous microwire of several micrometers in diameter. • The period of the surface magnetic structure in amorphous wire is found to be significantly smaller than the wire diameter.

  16. Anisotropic magnetism in field-structured composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martin, James E.; Venturini, Eugene; Odinek, Judy; Anderson, Robert A.

    2000-01-01

    Magnetic field-structured composites (FSCs) are made by structuring magnetic particle suspensions in uniaxial or biaxial (e.g., rotating) magnetic fields, while polymerizing the suspending resin. A uniaxial field produces chainlike particle structures, and a biaxial field produces sheetlike particle structures. In either case, these anisotropic structures affect the measured magnetic hysteresis loops, with the magnetic remanence and susceptibility increased significantly along the axis of the structuring field, and decreased slightly orthogonal to the structuring field, relative to the unstructured particle composite. The coercivity is essentially unaffected by structuring. We present data for FSCs of magnetically soft particles, and demonstrate that the altered magnetism can be accounted for by considering the large local fields that occur in FSCs. FSCs of magnetically hard particles show unexpectedly large anisotropies in the remanence, and this is due to the local field effects in combination with the large crystalline anisotropy of this material. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society

  17. Magnetic structure of molecular magnet Fe[Fe(CN) 6

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We have studied the magnetic structure of Fe[Fe(CN)6]·4H2O, prepared by precipitation method, using neutron diffraction technique. Temperature dependent DC magnetization study down to 4.2 K shows that the compound undergoes from a high temperature disordered (paramagnetic) to an ordered magnetic phase ...

  18. Magnetic intraparticle structure in ferromagnetic Pd nanoparticle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oba, Yojiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Takenao; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Jun-ichi; Ohnuma, Masato

    2009-01-01

    The small-angle neutron scattering measurement of Pd nanoparticles was performed to investigate their intraparticle magnetic structures. The magnetic scattering from the magnetization of the samples was observed using the polarized neutron. The nuclear scattering indicated that the Pd nanoparticles can be regarded as spherical particles, and the magnetic scattering is explained based on the shell model that the particle is composed of magnetic core and shell. The magnetic moment of the core was larger than that of the shell. These results suggest that the spontaneous magnetization of the Pd nanoparticles mainly exists in the core region. (author)

  19. Optimally segmented permanent magnet structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Insinga, Andrea Roberto; Bjørk, Rasmus; Smith, Anders

    2016-01-01

    We present an optimization approach which can be employed to calculate the globally optimal segmentation of a two-dimensional magnetic system into uniformly magnetized pieces. For each segment the algorithm calculates the optimal shape and the optimal direction of the remanent flux density vector......, with respect to a linear objective functional. We illustrate the approach with results for magnet design problems from different areas, such as a permanent magnet electric motor, a beam focusing quadrupole magnet for particle accelerators and a rotary device for magnetic refrigeration....

  20. Structural safety features for superconducting magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lehner, J.; Reich, M.; Powell, J.; Bezler, P.; Gardner, D.; Yu, W.; Chang, T.Y.

    1975-01-01

    A survey has been carried out for various potential structural safety problems of superconducting fusion magnets. These areas include: (1) Stresses due to inhomogeneous temperature distributions in magnets where normal regions have been initiated. (2) Stress distributions and yield forces due to cracks and failed regions. (3) Superconducting magnet response due to seismic excitation. These analyses have been carried out using a variety of large capacity finite element computer codes that allow for the evaluation of stresses in elastic or elastic-plastic zones and around singularities in the magnet structure. Thus far, these analyses have been carried out on UWMAK-I type magnet systems

  1. Engineered Magnetic Core-Shell Structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alavi Nikje, Mir Mohammad; Vakili, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, engineered magnetic core-shell structures are playing an important role in the wide range of various applications. These magnetic core-shell structures have attracted considerable attention because of their unique properties and various applications. Also, the synthesis of engineered magnetic core-shell structures has attracted practical interest because of potential applications in areas such as ferrofluids, medical imaging, drug targeting and delivery, cancer therapy, separations, and catalysis. So far a large number of engineered magnetic core-shell structures have been successfully synthesized. This review article focuses on the recent progress in synthesis and characterization of engineered magnetic core-shell structures. Also, this review gives a brief description of the various application of these structures. It is hoped that this review will play some small part in helping future developments in important field.

  2. Powder Neutron Diffraction and Magnetic structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vigneron, F.

    1986-01-01

    The determination of the magnetic structures of materials (ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic, helimagnetic, .) can be achieved only by neutron diffraction. A general survey of the powder technique is given: 2-axis spectrometer and analysis of the magnetic data. For the REBe/sb13/ intermetallic compounds (RE = Rare Earth), commensurate and/or incommensurate magnetic structures are observed and discussed as a function of RE (Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er)

  3. Structural peculiarities in magnetic small particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haneda, K.; Morrish, A.H.

    1993-01-01

    Nanostructured magnetic materials, consisting of nanometer-sized crystallites, are currently a developing subject. Evidence has been accumulating that they possess properties that can differ substantially from those of bulk materials. This paper illustrates how Moessbauer spectroscopy can yield useful information on the structural peculiarities associated with these small particles. As illustrations, metallic iron and iron-oxide systems are considered in detail. The subjects discussed include: (1) Phase stabilities in small particles, (2) deformed or nonsymmetric atomic arrangements in small particles, and (3) peculiar magnetic structures or non-collinear spin arrangements in small magnetic oxide particles that are correlated with lower specific magnetizations as compared to the bulk values. (orig.)

  4. The internal structure of magnetic nanoparticles determines the magnetic response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacakova, B; Kubickova, S; Salas, G; Mantlikova, A R; Marciello, M; Morales, M P; Niznansky, D; Vejpravova, J

    2017-04-20

    This work aims to emphasize that the magnetic response of single-domain magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) is driven by the NPs' internal structure, and the NP size dependencies of magnetic properties are overestimated. The relationship between the degree of the NPs' crystallinity and magnetic response is unambiguously demonstrated in eight samples of uniform maghemite/magnetite NPs and corroborated with the results obtained for about 20 samples of spinel ferrite NPs with different degrees of crystallinity. The NP samples were prepared by the thermal decomposition of an organic iron precursor subjected to varying reaction conditions, yielding variations in the NP size, shape and relative crystallinity. We characterized the samples by using several complementary methods, such as powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high resolution TEM (HR-TEM) and Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS). We evaluated the NPs' relative crystallinity by comparing the NP sizes determined from TEM and PXRD and further inspecting the NPs' internal structure and relative crystallinity by using HR-TEM. The results of the structural characterization were put in the context of the NPs' magnetic response. In this work, the highest saturation magnetization (M s ) was measured for the smallest but well-crystalline NPs, while the larger NPs exhibiting worse crystallinity revealed a lower M s . Our results clearly demonstrate that the NP crystallinity level that is mirrored in the internal spin order drives the specific magnetic response of the single-domain NPs.

  5. Binary magnetic structures in HoEr

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howard, B.K.; Bohr, J.

    1991-01-01

    The magnetic structure of a single crystal of the rare earth random alloy Ho50% Er50% has been investigated by elastic neutron diffraction measurements in the temperature range 120-10 K. Three distinct magnetic phases are identified below the Neel temperature of 104 K. The high-temperature phase...... observed between 104 K and 47.5 K is a binary magnetic structure where the holmium and erbium moments belong to different modulated c-axis spirals. The intermediate-temperature phase between 47.5 K and 35 K is a simple basal plane spiral. Below 35 K, the measurements suggest a ferrimagnetic structure...

  6. Magnetism and Structure in Functional Materials

    CERN Document Server

    Planes, Antoni; Saxena, Avadh

    2005-01-01

    Magnetism and Structure in Functional Materials addresses three distinct but related topics: (i) magnetoelastic materials such as magnetic martensites and magnetic shape memory alloys, (ii) the magnetocaloric effect related to magnetostructural transitions, and (iii) colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) and related magnanites. The goal is to identify common underlying principles in these classes of materials that are relevant for optimizing various functionalities. The emergence of apparently different magnetic/structural phenomena in disparate classes of materials clearly points to a need for common concepts in order to achieve a broader understanding of the interplay between magnetism and structure in this general class of new functional materials exhibiting ever more complex microstructure and function. The topic is interdisciplinary in nature and the contributors correspondingly include physicists, materials scientists and engineers. Likewise the book will appeal to scientists from all these areas.

  7. Structure and dynamics of magnetic nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, K.N.; Bødker, F.; Hansen, M.F.

    2000-01-01

    In this paper we present X-ray and neutron diffraction data illustrating aspects of crystal and magnetic structures of ferromagnetic alpha-Fe and antiferromagnetic NiO nanoparticles, as well as inelastic neutron scattering studies of the magnetic fluctuations in NiO and in canted antiferromagnetic...

  8. Magnetic structures of erbium under high pressure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kawano, S.; Lebech, B.; Achiwa, N.

    1993-01-01

    Neutron diffraction studies of the magnetic structures of erbium metal at 4.5 K and 11.5 kbar hydrostatic pressure have revealed that the transition to a conical structure at low temperatures is suppressed and that the cycloidal structure, with modulation vector Q congruent-to (2/7 2pi/c)c persists...

  9. The spin structure of magnetic nanoparticles and in magnetic nanostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Disch, Sabrina

    2011-09-26

    The present thesis provides an extensive and original contribution to the investigation of magnetic nanoparticles regarding synthesis and structural characterization using advanced scattering methods in all length scales between the atomic and mesoscopic size range. Particular emphasis is on determination of the magnetic structure of single nanoparticles as well as preparation and characterization of higher dimensional assemblies thereof. The unique physical properties arising from the finite size of magnetic nanoparticles are pronounced for very small particle sizes. With the aim of preparing magnetic nanoparticles suitable for investigation of such properties, a micellar synthesis route for very small cobalt nanoparticles is explored. Cobalt nanoparticles with diameters of less than 3 nm are prepared and characterized, and routes for variation of the particle size are developed. The needs and limitations of primary characterization and handling of such small and oxidation-sensitive nanoparticles are highlighted and discussed in detail. Comprehensive structural and magnetic characterization is performed on iron oxide nanoparticles of {proportional_to} 10 nm in diameter. Particle size and narrow size distribution are determined with high precision. Investigation of the long range and local atomic structure reveals a particle size dependent magnetite - maghemite structure type with lattice distortions induced at the particle surface. The spatial magnetization distribution within these nanoparticles is determined to be constant in the particle core with a decrease towards the particle surface, thus indicating a magnetic dead layer or spin canting close to the surface. Magnetically induced arrangements of such nanoparticles into higher dimensional assemblies are investigated in solution and by deposition of long range ordered mesocrystals. Both cases reveal a strong dependence of the found structures on the nanoparticle shape (spheres, cubes, and heavily truncated

  10. Ultrathin magnetic structures III fundamentals of nanomagnetism

    CERN Document Server

    Bland, JAC

    2004-01-01

    The ability to understand and control the unique properties of interfaces has created an entirely new field of magnetism which already has a profound impact in technology and is providing the basis for a revolution in electronics. The last decade has seen dramatic progress in the development of magnetic devices for information technology but also in the basic understanding of the physics of magnetic nanostructures. This volume describes thin film magnetic properties and methods for characterising thin film structure topics that underpin the present 'spintronics' revolution in which devices are based on combined magnetic materials and semiconductors. Volume IV deals with the fundamentals of spintronics: magnetoelectronic materials, spin injection and detection, micromagnetics and the development of magnetic random access memory based on GMR and tunnel junction devices. Together these books provide readers with a comprehensive account of an exciting and rapidly developing field. The treatment is designed to be ...

  11. Ultrathin magnetic structures IV applications of nanomagnetism

    CERN Document Server

    Heinrich, Bretislav

    2004-01-01

    The ability to understand and control the unique properties of interfaces has created an entirely new field of magnetism which already has a profound impact in technology and is providing the basis for a revolution in electronics. The last decade has seen dramatic progress in the development of magnetic devices for information technology but also in the basic understanding of the physics of magnetic nanostructures. Volume III describes thin film magnetic properties and methods for characterising thin film structure topics that underpin the present 'spintronics' revolution in which devices are based on combined magnetic materials and semiconductors. The present volume (IV) deals with the fundamentals of spintronics: magnetoelectronic materials, spin injection and detection, micromagnetics and the development of magnetic random access memory based on GMR and tunnel junction devices. Together these books provide readers with a comprehensive account of an exciting and rapidly developing field. The treatment is de...

  12. Permanent magnet domain structures from magnetic force microscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Folks, L.; Woodward, R.C.; Bradbury, D.L.; Humphrey, K.; Street, R.

    1996-01-01

    Magnetic force microscopy (MFM) offers the ability to image domain structures of permanent magnet materials in the form of bulk samples not suitable for electron microscopy, and at scales which are not possible using optical techniques. Recent developments, such as the use of very low coercivity tips and resonant phase detection MFM systems, have made this technique yet more useful. However, as with any new technique, interpretation of images should be approached with some caution. We have performed studies on bulk samples of sintered and melt-spun Nd Fe B - type materials, comparing images collected by Kerr microscopy with those from MFM. It has been possible to image the same areas of the samples using the two techniques and thereby compare and contrast the details arising from the same magnetic structures in each. From this work it is clear that it is often possible to make straight-forward interpretations of the MFM stray field maps regarding the underlying domain structure (although, of course, there may not be a unique interpretation). In addition we have used tips with different types of magnetic coatings to image the same areas of a sample, and showed that quit different image characteristics result. Of concern was the propensity for the tip coatings to partially re-magnetize in the stray fields from the samples, introducing artifacts into the images and making interpretation more difficult. With these results it has been possible to interpret high resolution MFM images of bulk permanent magnets with increased confidence, and examples of observed structures in thermally demagnetized two-phase nanocrystalline materials are interpreted in terms of interaction domains. (author)

  13. Neutrons and magnetic structures: analysis methods and tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damay, Françoise

    2015-12-01

    After a short introduction on neutron diffraction and magnetic structures, this review focuses on the new computing tools available in magnetic crystallography nowadays. The appropriate neutron techniques and different steps required to determine a magnetic structure are also introduced.

  14. Magnetic structure of holmium-yttrium superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jehan, D.A.; McMorrow, D.F.; Cowley, R.A.

    1993-01-01

    We present the results of a study of the chemical and magnetic structures of a series of holmium-yttrium superlattices and a 5000 angstrom film of holmium, all grown by molecular-beam epitaxy. By combining the results of high-resolution x-ray diffraction with detailed modeling, we show...... that the superlattices have high crystallographic integrity: the structural coherence length parallel to the growth direction is typically almost-equal-to 2000 angstrom, while the interfaces between the two elements are well defined and extend over approximately four lattice planes. The magnetic structures were...... determined using neutron-scattering techniques. The moments on the Ho3+ ions in the superlattices form a basal-plane helix. From an analysis of the superlattice structure factors of the primary magnetic satellites, we are able to determine separately the contributions made by the holmium and yttrium...

  15. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of actinides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fournier, J.-M.

    1975-01-01

    The study of the actinide series shows the change between transition metal behavior and lanthanide behavior, between constant weak paramagnetism for thorium and strong Curie-Weiss paramagnetism for curium. Curium is shown to be the first metal of the actinide series to be magnetically ordered, its Neel temperature being 52K. The magnetic properties of the actinides depending on all the peripheral electrons, their electronic structure was studied and an attempt was made to determine it by means of a phenomenological model. Attempts were also made to interrelate the different physical properties which depend on the outer electronic structure [fr

  16. The internal structure of magnetic nanoparticles determines the magnetic response

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pacáková, Barbara; Kubíčková, Simona; Salas, G.; Mantlíková, Alice; Marciello, M.; Morales, M.P.; Nižňanský, D.; Vejpravová, Jana

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 9, č. 16 (2017), s. 5129-5140 ISSN 2040-3364 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-01953S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : nanoparticles * single-domain * internal structure Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism OBOR OECD: Condensed matter physics (including formerly solid state physics, supercond.) Impact factor: 7.367, year: 2016

  17. Structural characterization of copolymer embedded magnetic nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nedelcu, G. G.; Nastro, A.; Filippelli, L.; Cazacu, M.; Iacob, M.; Rossi, C. Oliviero; Popa, A.; Toloman, D.; Dobromir, M.; Iacomi, F.

    2015-10-01

    Small magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4) were synthesized by co-precipitation and coated by emulsion polymerization with poly(methyl methacrylate-co-acrylic acid) (PMMA-co-AAc) to create surface functional groups that can attach drug molecules and other biomolecules. The coated and uncoated magnetite nanoparticles were stored for two years in normal closed ships and than characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The solid phase transformation of magnetite to maghemite, as well as an increase in particle size were evidenced for the uncoated nanoparticles. The coated nanoparticles preserved their magnetite structure and magnetic properties. The influences of monomers and surfactant layers on interactions between the magnetic nanoparticles evidenced that the thickness of the polymer has a significant effect on magnetic properties.

  18. MULTISCALE DYNAMICS OF SOLAR MAGNETIC STRUCTURES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uritsky, Vadim M.; Davila, Joseph M.

    2012-01-01

    Multiscale topological complexity of the solar magnetic field is among the primary factors controlling energy release in the corona, including associated processes in the photospheric and chromospheric boundaries. We present a new approach for analyzing multiscale behavior of the photospheric magnetic flux underlying these dynamics as depicted by a sequence of high-resolution solar magnetograms. The approach involves two basic processing steps: (1) identification of timing and location of magnetic flux origin and demise events (as defined by DeForest et al.) by tracking spatiotemporal evolution of unipolar and bipolar photospheric regions, and (2) analysis of collective behavior of the detected magnetic events using a generalized version of the Grassberger-Procaccia correlation integral algorithm. The scale-free nature of the developed algorithms makes it possible to characterize the dynamics of the photospheric network across a wide range of distances and relaxation times. Three types of photospheric conditions are considered to test the method: a quiet photosphere, a solar active region (NOAA 10365) in a quiescent non-flaring state, and the same active region during a period of M-class flares. The results obtained show (1) the presence of a topologically complex asymmetrically fragmented magnetic network in the quiet photosphere driven by meso- and supergranulation, (2) the formation of non-potential magnetic structures with complex polarity separation lines inside the active region, and (3) statistical signatures of canceling bipolar magnetic structures coinciding with flaring activity in the active region. Each of these effects can represent an unstable magnetic configuration acting as an energy source for coronal dissipation and heating.

  19. Structure and magnetic properties of colossal magnetoresistance ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    5Sr0.5CoO3 ... phenomenon of colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) that occur in these compounds. The structural and magnetic properties of these ... strain field that reduces with temperature. The Co–O2–Co bond angle is found to be 168◦.

  20. Structural and magnetic properties of the layered

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The brownmillerite-type layered compound Ca2.375La0.125Sr0.5GaMn2O8 has been synthesized. The crystal and magnetic structures have been refined by the Rietveld analysis of the neutron powder diffraction patterns at 300 and 20 K. This compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic symmetry under the space group ...

  1. Highly ordered FEPT and FePd magnetic nano-structures: Correlated structural and magnetic studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lukaszew, Rosa Alejandra; Cebollada, Alfonso; Clavero, Cesar; Garcia-Martin, Jose Miguel

    2006-01-01

    The micro-structure of epitaxial FePt and FePd films grown on MgO (0 0 1) substrates is correlated to their magnetic behavior. The FePd films exhibit high chemical ordering and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. On the other hand FePt films exhibit low chemical ordering, with nano-grains oriented in two orthogonal directions, forcing the magnetization to remain in the plane of the films

  2. Open magnetic structures on the sun

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Levine, R.H.; Altschuler, M.D.; Harvey, J.W.; Jackson, B.V.

    1977-01-01

    High-resolution harmonic analysis of the solar magnetic field has been used successfully to calculate the geometry of open magnetic field lines in the solar corona. Comparison of the loci of open field line footpoints with solar X-ray photographs shows that all of the coronal holes during two solar rotations are successfully represented, including details of their evolution. Some open magnetic configurations derived in the calculations precede by up to one solar rotation the manifestation of coincident dark areas on the X-ray photographs. The only other areas that contribute open field lines to the corona are separations between active-region loop systems. By varying the radius at which field lines are forced to be open in the calculation, it is possible to more closely reproduce the surface configuration of particular coronal holes. Comparison of the size of X-ray holes with the fraction of the solar surface covered by open field lines leads to the conclusion that a significant part of the area of coronal holes must contain closed magnetic fields. Comparison of open field lines which lie in the equatorial plane of the Sun with solar wind data indicates that eventual high-speed solar wind streams are associated with those parts of open magnetic structures that diverge the least. Several important questions raised by this study are under investigation using data for the entire Skylab period

  3. Magnetic Field Structure in Relativistic Jets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jermak Helen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Relativistic jets are ubiquitous when considering an accreting black hole. Two of the most extreme examples of these systems are blazars and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs, the jets of which are thought to be threaded with a magnetic field of unknown structure. The systems are made up of a black hole accreting matter and producing, as a result, relativistic jets of plasma from the poles of the black hole. Both systems are viewed as point sources from Earth, making it impossible to spatially resolve the jet. In order to explore the structure of the magnetic field within the jet we take polarisation measurements with the RINGO polarimeters on the world’s largest fully autonomous, robotic optical telescope: The Liverpool Telescope. Using the polarisation degree and angle measured by the RINGO polarimeters it is possible to distinguish between global magnetic fields created in the central engine and random tangled magnetic fields produced locally in shocks. We also monitor blazar sources regularly during quiescence with periods of flaring monitored more intensively. Reported here are the early polarisation results for GRBs 060418 and 090102, along with future prospects for the Liverpool Telescope and the RINGO polarimeters.

  4. High performance hybrid magnetic structure for biotechnology applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphries, David E [El Cerrito, CA; Pollard, Martin J [El Cerrito, CA; Elkin, Christopher J [San Ramon, CA

    2009-02-03

    The present disclosure provides a high performance hybrid magnetic structure made from a combination of permanent magnets and ferromagnetic pole materials which are assembled in a predetermined array. The hybrid magnetic structure provides means for separation and other biotechnology applications involving holding, manipulation, or separation of magnetic or magnetizable molecular structures and targets. Also disclosed are further improvements to aspects of the hybrid magnetic structure, including additional elements and for adapting the use of the hybrid magnetic structure for use in biotechnology and high throughput processes.

  5. Spin-resolved magnetic studies of focused ion beam etched nano-sized magnetic structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Jian; Rau, Carl

    2005-01-01

    Scanning ion microscopy with polarization analysis (SIMPA) is used to study the spin-resolved surface magnetic structure of nano-sized magnetic systems. SIMPA is utilized for in situ topographic and spin-resolved magnetic domain imaging as well as for focused ion beam (FIB) etching of desired structures in magnetic or non-magnetic systems. Ultra-thin Co films are deposited on surfaces of Si(1 0 0) substrates, and ultra-thin, tri-layered, bct Fe(1 0 0)/Mn/bct Fe(1 0 0) wedged magnetic structures are deposited on fcc Pd(1 0 0) substrates. SIMPA experiments clearly show that ion-induced electrons emitted from magnetic surfaces exhibit non-zero electron spin polarization (ESP), whereas electrons emitted from non-magnetic surfaces such as Si and Pd exhibit zero ESP, which can be used to calibrate sputtering rates in situ. We report on new, spin-resolved magnetic microstructures, such as magnetic 'C' states and magnetic vortices, found at surfaces of FIB patterned magnetic elements. It is found that FIB milling has a negligible effect on surface magnetic domain and domain wall structures. It is demonstrated that SIMPA can evolve into an important and efficient tool to study magnetic domain, domain wall and other structures as well as to perform magnetic depth profiling of magnetic nano-systems to be used in ultra-high density magnetic recording and in magnetic sensors

  6. The Magnetic Field Structure of Mercury's Magnetotail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Z. J.; Ding, Y.; Slavin, J. A.; Zhong, J.; Poh, G.; Sun, W. J.; Wei, Y.; Chai, L. H.; Wan, W. X.; Shen, C.

    2018-01-01

    In this study, we use the magnetic field data measured by MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging from 2011 to 2015 to investigate the average magnetic field morphology of Mercury's magnetotail in the down tail 0-3 RM (RM = 2,440 km, Mercury's radius). It is found that Mercury has a terrestrial-like magnetotail; the magnetic field structure beyond 1.5 RM down tail is stretched significantly with typical lobe field 50 nT. A cross-tail current sheet separating the antiparallel field lines of lobes is present in the equatorial plane. The magnetotail width in north-south direction is about 5 RM, while the transverse width is about 4 RM. Thus, the magnetotail shows elongation along the north-south direction. At the cross-tail current sheet center, the normal component of magnetic field (10-20 nT) is much larger than the cross-tail component. The lobe-field-aligned component of magnetic field over current sheet can be well fitted by Harris sheet model. The curvature radius of field lines at sheet center usually reaches a minimum around midnight (100-200 km) with stronger current density (40-50 nA/m2), while the curvature radius increases toward both flanks (400-600 km) with the decreased current density (about 20 nA/m2). The half-thickness of current sheet around midnight is about 0.25 RM or 600 km, and the inner edge of current sheet is located at the down tail about 1.5 RM. Our results about the field structure in the near Mercury's tail show an evident dawn-dusk asymmetry as that found in the Earth's magnetotail, but reasons should be different. Possible reasons are discussed.

  7. Improving the magnetic field homogeneity by varying magnetic field structure in a geophone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Li; Wang, Wentao; Yao, Zhenjing; Gao, Qiang; Han, Zhiming

    2018-01-01

    The magnetic field structure is a key factor that affects performance of the magneto-electric geophone. In order to enhance the magnetic field homogeneity and magnetic induction intensity of the magnetic field structure, this paper proposes a new magnetic field structure. It consists of two cylindrical permanent magnets: an H-type magnetic boot and an external magnetic yoke. The proposed magnetic field structure can broaden the range of a uniform magnetic field and increase the magnetic field intensity of working air-gap. To confirm the validity of the design, the finite element analysis and real measurement experiments were conducted. The finite element simulations using the ANASYS Electromagnetics Suite 17.2.0 showed that the air-gap magnetic induction intensity is increased and the work space with a uniform magnetic field is broadened. Meanwhile, the output voltage of the coil is increased, and the harmonic distortion rate of output voltage is reduced. According to the real measurement experimental results, compared with the traditional magnetic field structure, the uniform range of the magnetic field is improved 23% in the entire air-gap path, and the magnetic induction intensity enhances 24% over the proposed new magnetic field structure.

  8. The Magnetic Structure of Filament Barbs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Jongchul; Moon, Yong-Jae; Park, Young-Deuk

    2005-06-01

    There is a controversy about how features protruding laterally from filaments, called barbs, are magnetically structured. On 2004 August 3, we observed a filament that had well-developed barbs. The observations were performed using the 10 inch refractor of the Big Bear Solar Observatory. A fast camera was employed to capture images at five different wavelengths of the Hα line and successively record them on the basis of frame selection. The terminating points of the barbs were clearly discernable in the Hα images without any ambiguity. The comparison of the Hα images with the magnetograms taken by SOHO MDI revealed that the termination occurred above the minor polarity inversion line dividing the magnetic elements of the major polarity and those of the minor polarity. There is also evidence that the flux cancellation proceeded on the polarity inversion line. Our results together with similar other recent observations support the idea that filament barbs are cool matter suspended in local dips of magnetic field lines, formed by magnetic reconnection in the chromosphere.

  9. Photoelectric properties of magnetically sensitive MOS structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davydov, V. N.; Lanskaya, O. G.; Lilenko, E. P.; Nesmelov, S. N.

    1998-05-01

    The photoelectric properties of MOS structures having compensation regions near the field electrode have been studied experimentally. It is shown that the presence of such regions can lead to the appearance of a number of features in the integrated photoelectric properties: the presence of a large photovoltage signal in enhancement, dependence of the form of the photovoltage frequency dependence on the intensity of the light flux, and distortion of the shape of the photovoltage signal in inversion. The presence of compensation regions can be established using measurements of the distribution of the photovoltage over the area of the structure and measurements of the voltage dependence of the phase of the integrated photovoltage signal. The increase or decrease of the photovoltage signal in enhancement after exposure to a weak magnetic field is due to the rearrangement of the impurity-defect structure in the near-surface layer of the semiconductor, leading to the appearance of compensated semiconductor regions near the field electrode.

  10. Structural magnetic resonance imaging in epilepsy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deblaere, Karel; Achten, Eric

    2008-01-01

    Because of its sensitivity and high tissue contrast, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the technique of choice for structural imaging in epilepsy. In this review the effect of using optimised scanning protocols and the use of high field MR systems on detection sensitivity is discussed. Also, the clinical relevance of adequate imaging in patients with focal epilepsy is highlighted. The most frequently encountered MRI findings in epilepsy are reported and their imaging characteristics depicted. Imaging focus will be on the diagnosis of hippocampal sclerosis and malformations of cortical development, two major causes of medically intractable focal epilepsy. (orig.)

  11. Magnetic structure of paramagnetic MnO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paddison, Joseph A. M.; Gutmann, Matthias J.; Stewart, J. Ross; Tucker, Matthew G.; Dove, Martin T.; Keen, David A.; Goodwin, Andrew L.

    2018-01-01

    Using a combination of single-crystal neutron scattering and reverse Monte Carlo refinements, we study the magnetic structure of paramagnetic MnO at a temperature (160 K) substantially below the Curie-Weiss temperature |θ |˜550 K. The microscopic picture we develop reveals a locally ordered domain structure that persists over distances many times larger than the correlation length implied by direct analysis of the spin-correlation function. Moreover, the directional dependence of paramagnetic spin correlations in paramagnetic MnO differs in some important respects from that of its incipient ordered antiferromagnetic state. Our results demonstrate that atomistic refinement to large three-dimensional neutron-scattering datasets is a practical approach, and have implications for the understanding of paramagnetic states in weakly frustrated systems, including high-temperature superconductors.

  12. Cryogenic magnet case and distributed structural materials for high-field superconducting magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Summers, L.T.; Miller, J.R.; Kerns, J.A.; Myall, J.O.

    1987-01-01

    The superconducting magnets of the Tokamak Ignition/Burn Experimental Reactor (TIBER II) will generate high magnetic fields over large bores. The resulting electromagnetic forces require the use of large volumes of distributed steel and thick magnet case for structural support. Here we review the design allowables, calculated loads and forces, and structural materials selection for TIBER II. 7 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs

  13. Temperature dependence of the magnetization of canted spin structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Henrik; Lefmann, Kim; Brok, Erik

    2012-01-01

    Numerous studies of the low-temperature saturation magnetization of ferrimagnetic nanoparticles and diamagnetically substituted ferrites have shown an anomalous temperature dependence. It has been suggested that this is related to freezing of canted magnetic structures. We present models...... for the temperature dependence of the magnetization of a simple canted spin structure in which relaxation can take place at finite temperatures between spin configurations with different canting angles. We show that the saturation magnetization may either decrease or increase with decreasing temperature, depending...

  14. Structural and magnetic stability of Fe2NiSi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gupta, Dinesh C.; Bhat, Idris Hamid; Chauhan, Mamta

    2014-01-01

    Full-potential ab-initio calculations in the stable F-43m phase have been performed to investigate the structural and magnetic properties of Fe 2 NiSi inverse Heusler alloys. The spin magnetic moment distributions show that present material is ferromagnetic in stable F-43m phase. Further, spin resolved electronic structure calculations show that the discrepancy in magnetic moments of Fe-I and Fe-II depend upon the hybridization of Fe with the main group element. It is found that the main group electron concentration is predominantly responsible in establishing the magnetic properties, formation of magnetic moments and the magnetic order for present alloy

  15. Hard magnetism in structurally engineered silica nanocomposite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Hyon-Min; Zink, Jeffrey I

    2016-09-21

    Creation of structural complexity by simple experimental control will be an attractive approach for the preparation of nanomaterials, as a classical bottom-up method is supplemented by a more efficient and more direct artificial engineering method. In this study, structural manipulation of MCM-41 type mesoporous silica is investigated by generating and imbedding hard magnetic CoFe2O4 nanoparticles into mesoporous silica. Depending on the heating rate and target temperature, mesoporous silica undergoes a transformation in shape to form hollow silica, framed silica with interior voids, or melted silica with intact mesostructures. Magnetism is governed by the major CoFe2O4 phase, and it is affected by antiferromagnetic hematite (α-Fe2O3) and olivine-type cobalt silicate (Co2SiO4), as seen in its paramagnetic behavior at the annealing temperature of 430 °C. The early formation of Co2SiO4 than what is usually observed implies the effect of the partial substitution of Fe in the sites of Co. Under slow heating (2.5 °C min(-1)) mesostructures are preserved, but with significantly smaller mesopores (d100 = 1.5 nm). In addition, nonstoichiometric CoxFe1-xO with metal vacancies at 600 °C, and spinel Co3O4 at 700 °C accompany major CoFe2O4. The amorphous nature of silica matrix is thought to contribute significantly to these structurally diverse and rich phases, enabled by off-stoichiometry between Si and O, and accelerated by the diffusion of metal cations into SiO4 polyhedra at an elevated temperature.

  16. Magnetic structures synthesized by controlled oxidative etching: Structural characterization and magnetic behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro de Jesús Ruíz-Baltazar

    Full Text Available A facile strategy for the fabrication Fe3O4 nanostructures at room temperature and with well-defined morphology is proposed. In this methodology, the iron precursors were reduced by sodium borohydride. Subsequently an oxidative etching process promotes the formation of Fe2O3 nanostructures. Magnetic measurements revealed a well-defined superparamagnetic behavior for the material. The Zero-Field-Cooled (ZFC and Field-Cooled (FC magnetization curves reveals that critical and blocking temperature were 24 and 350 °C respectively. The Fe3O4 nanostructures were characterized using aberration-corrected (Cs scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS. Additionally, Raman spectra support the Fe3O4 presence and corroborate the efficiency of the synthesis process to obtain magnetite. Keywords: Chemical synthesis, Fe3O4 nanoparticles, Structural characterization, Magnetic properties

  17. SOLAR MULTIPLE ERUPTIONS FROM A CONFINED MAGNETIC STRUCTURE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Jeongwoo; Chae, Jongchul; Liu, Chang; Jing, Ju

    2016-01-01

    How eruption can recur from a confined magnetic structure is discussed based on the Solar Dynamics Observatory observations of the NOAA active region 11444, which produced three eruptions within 1.5 hr on 2012 March 27. The active region (AR) had the positive-polarity magnetic fields in the center surrounded by the negative-polarity fields around. Since such a distribution of magnetic polarity tends to form a dome-like magnetic fan structure confined over the AR, the multiple eruptions were puzzling. Our investigation reveals that this event exhibits several properties distinct from other eruptions associated with magnetic fan structures: (i) a long filament encircling the AR was present before the eruptions; (ii) expansion of the open–closed boundary (OCB) of the field lines after each eruption was suggestive of the growing fan-dome structure, and (iii) the ribbons inside the closed magnetic polarity inversion line evolved in response to the expanding OCB. It thus appears that in spite of multiple eruptions the fan-dome structure remained undamaged, and the closing back field lines after each eruption rather reinforced the fan-dome structure. We argue that the multiple eruptions could occur in this AR in spite of its confined magnetic structure because the filament encircling the AR was adequate for slipping through the magnetic separatrix to minimize the damage to its overlying fan-dome structure. The result of this study provides a new insight into the productivity of eruptions from a confined magnetic structure.

  18. A novel structure of permanent-magnet-biased radial hybrid magnetic bearing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun Jinji; Fang Jiancheng

    2011-01-01

    The paper proposes a novel structure for a permanent-magnet-biased radial hybrid magnetic bearing. Based on the air gap between the rotor and stator of traditional radial hybrid magnetic bearings, a subsidiary air gap is first constructed between the permanent magnets and the inner magnetic parts. Radial magnetic bearing makes X and Y magnetic fields independent of each other with separate stator poles, and the subsidiary air gap makes control flux to a close loop. As a result, magnetic field coupling of the X and Y channels is decreased significantly by the radial hybrid magnetic bearing and makes it easier to design control systems. Then an external rotor structure is designed into the radial hybrid magnetic bearing. The working principle of the radial hybrid magnetic bearing and its mathematical model is discussed. Finally, a non-linear magnetic network method is proposed to analyze the radial hybrid magnetic bearing. Simulation results indicate that magnetic fields in the two channels of the proposed radial hybrid magnetic bearing decouple well from each other.

  19. Structural and magnetic anomalies among the spin-chain ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    the compound, Ca3CoIrO6, exhibits magnetic frustration effects around 30–50 K in the ac and dc M data, but without getting influenced by the application of magnetic fields as high as even 40 kOe, however without showing PDA structural features.14 A common feature between these two compounds is that the ac magnetic ...

  20. Magnetic structure of URhSi single crystal

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Prokeš, K.; Andreev, Alexander V.; Honda, F.; Sechovský, V.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 261, - (2003), s. 131-138 ISSN 0304-8853 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA202/02/0739 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1010914 Keywords : URhSi single crystal * magnetization * neutron diffraction * magnetic structure determination Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 0.910, year: 2003

  1. Computer modeling of magnetic structure for IC-35 cyclotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alenitskij, Yu.G.; Morozov, N.A.

    1998-01-01

    An extensive series of calculations has been carried out in order to design the magnetic structure of the IC-35 cyclotron for radioisotope production. The calculations were carried out by 2-D POISCR code. The average magnetic field and its variation were produced with the help of two different calculation models. The parameters of the cyclotron magnetic system are presented

  2. Structural phase transitions in isotropic magnetic elastomers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meilikhov, E. Z., E-mail: meilikhov@yandex.ru; Farzetdinova, R. M. [National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” (Russian Federation)

    2016-06-15

    Magnetic elastomers represent a new type of materials that are “soft” matrices with “hard” magnetic granules embedded in them. The elastic forces of the matrix and the magnetic forces acting between granules are comparable in magnitude even under small deformations. As a result, these materials acquire a number of new properties; in particular, their mechanical and/or magnetic characteristics can depend strongly on the polymer matrix filling with magnetic particles and can change under the action of an external magnetic field, pressure, and temperature. To describe the properties of elastomers, we use a model in which the interaction of magnetic granules randomly arranged in space with one another is described in the dipole approximation by the distribution function of dipole fields, while their interaction with the matrix is described phenomenologically. A multitude of deformation, magnetic-field, and temperature effects that are described in this paper and are quite accessible to experimental observation arise within this model.

  3. Structural aspects of superconducting fusion magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reich, M.; Lehner, J.; Powell, J.

    1977-01-01

    Some methods for studying various static, dynamic, elastic-plastic, and fracture mechanics problems of superconducting magnets are described. Sample solutions are given for the UWMAK-I magnet. Finite element calculations were used

  4. Structure of magnetic field in Tokamaks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heller, M.V.A.P.; Caldas, I.L.

    1990-01-01

    Magnetic surfaces, necessary to plasma confinement, can be extinguished by resonant helical perturbations with small intensities due to plasma oscillations or external helical currents. The mapping of magnetic field is obtained intergrating numerically the differential equation of its lines. Criteria which evaluate the chaotic distribution of lines between resonant magnetic islands are presented. (M.C.K.) [pt

  5. Self-Organized Structures in Magnetic Liquids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oddershede, Lene; Bohr, Jakob

    1996-01-01

    Amazing patterns occur when a droplet of an oily suspension of finely divided magnetic particles, a magnetic liquid is confined within a Hele-Shaw cell and is subject to a magnetic field perpendicular to the surface of the cell. The pattern is macroscopic and the typical linear dimension of the p...

  6. Temperature dependence of the magnetization of canted spin structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jacobsen, Henrik; Lefmann, Kim; Brok, Erik; Frandsen, Cathrine; Mørup, Steen

    2012-01-01

    Numerous studies of the low-temperature saturation magnetization of ferrimagnetic nanoparticles and diamagnetically substituted ferrites have shown an anomalous temperature dependence. It has been suggested that this is related to freezing of canted magnetic structures. We present models for the temperature dependence of the magnetization of a simple canted spin structure in which relaxation can take place at finite temperatures between spin configurations with different canting angles. We show that the saturation magnetization may either decrease or increase with decreasing temperature, depending on the ratio of the exchange coupling constants. This is in agreement with experimental observations. - Highlights: ► The magnetization of a canted spin structure has been calculated. ► In some cases the magnetization shows an anomalous increase at low temperatures. ► In other cases the magnetization shows an anomalous decrease at low temperatures. ► The results are in accordance with many experimental observations.

  7. Structural and magnetic study of ferrosmectics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ponsinet, Virginie

    1994-01-01

    The ferrosmectic phase is a new system obtained by combination of a lamellar phase of surfactants and of a ferro-fluid. In this research thesis, the author shows that the introduction of solid particles of ferro-fluid maintains the lamellar structure of the lyotropic phase. The structure of the ferrosmectic phase is studied by small angle X ray and neutron scattering. Differences displayed by scattering spectra whether the lamellar phase is doped or not, are interpreted by a modification of the inter-membrane potential due to the introduction of particles, whereas membranes are not much modified. It is noticed that the ferrosmectic phase presents spectacular distortion behaviours when submitted to low intensity magnetic field. These effects are interpreted within the framework of a model in terms of phase transitions. The author determines smectic elasticity constants of the ferrosmectic phase and their evolution with respect to the doping rate in solid particles. This is a first step for the understanding of microscopic behaviours which govern the stability of these hybrid phases in which fluid membranes and solid particles coexist [fr

  8. Magnetic structure of molecular magnet Fe[Fe(CN)6]·4H2O

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. We have studied the magnetic structure of Fe[Fe(CN)6]·4H2O, prepared by precipitation method, using neutron diffraction technique. Temperature dependent DC magnetization study down to 4.2 K shows that the compound undergoes from a high tem- perature disordered (paramagnetic) to an ordered magnetic ...

  9. Magnetic structure of molecular magnet Fe [Fe (CN) 6]· 4H2O

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We have studied the magnetic structure of Fe[Fe(CN)6]·4H2O, prepared by precipitation method, using neutron diffraction technique. Temperature dependent DC magnetization study down to 4.2 K shows that the compound undergoes from a high temperature disordered (paramagnetic) to an ordered magnetic phase ...

  10. Structure and magnetic properties of Alnico ribbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ce; Li, Ying; Han, Xu-Hao; Du, Shuai-long; Sun, Ji-bing; Zhang, Ying

    2018-04-01

    Al-Ni-Co alloy has been widely applied in various industrial fields due to its excellent thermal and magnetic stability. In this paper, new Al-Ni-Co ribbons are prepared by simple processes combining melt-spinning with annealing, and their phase transition, microstructure and magnetic properties are studied. The results show that after as-spun ribbons are annealed, the grain size of ribbons increases from 1.1 ± 0.3 μm to 4.8 ± 0.8 μm, but still much smaller than that of the bulk Al-Ni-Co alloy manufactured by traditional technologies. In addition, some rod-like Al70Co20Ni10-type, Al9Co2-type and Fe2Nb-type phases are precipitated at grain boundaries; simultaneously, the distinct spinodal decomposition microstructure with periodic ingredient variation is thoroughly formed in all grains by the reaction of α → α1 + α2. Furthermore, the α1 and α2 distribute alternately like a maze, the Fe-Co-rich α1 phase holds 35.9-47.3 vol%, while the Al-Ni-rich α2 phase occupies the rest. Finally, the coercivity of annealed ribbons can reach to 485.3 ± 76.6 Oe. If the annealed ribbons are further aged at 560 °C, their Hc even increases to 738.1 ± 81.0 Oe. The coercivity mechanism is discussed by the combination of microstructure and domain structure.

  11. Magnetic domain structures of overquenched Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets studied by electron holography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Y.-G.; Shindo, D.

    2002-01-01

    Microstructures and magnetic domain structures of overquenched Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets have been investigated in detail by transmission electron microscopy. While magnetic domain boundaries are clarified by Lorentz microscopy, magnetization distribution in the domains is clearly observed by electron holography. In the as-quenched magnet, the size of the magnetic domains is in the range from 200 to 500 nm and the direction of the magnetic lines of force changes gradually in wide region, while in the annealed one having the crystalline phase of Nd 2 Fe 14 B, the direction of the magnetic lines of force changes drastically especially at the grain boundaries. Furthermore, the direction of the magnetic lines of force changes more drastically in the specimen annealed at 893 K than the specimen annealed at 843 K. This result clearly indicates that the magnetocrystalline anisotropy is enhanced with the increase of annealing temperature, resulting in strong domain wall pinning

  12. Magnetic structure of two- and three-dimensional supramolecular compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Decurtins, S.; Schmalle, H.W.; Pellaux, R. [Zurich Univ. (Switzerland); Fischer, P.; Fauth, F. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Ouladdiaf, B. [Institut Max von Laue - Paul Langevin, 75 - Paris (France)

    1997-09-01

    Supramolecular chiral networks of oxalato-bridged transition metals show either two- or three-dimensional structural features. The magnetic structures of such compounds have been investigated by means of elastic neutron powder diffraction. (author) 2 figs., 2 refs.

  13. Nonlinear dynamics of breathers in the spiral structures of magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiselev, V. V., E-mail: kiselev@imp.uran.ru; Raskovalov, A. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Mikheev Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch (Russian Federation)

    2016-06-15

    The structure and properties of pulsating solitons (breathers) in the spiral structures of magnets are analyzed within the sine-Gordon model. The breather core pulsations are shown to be accompanied by local shifts and oscillations of the spiral structure with the formation of “precursors” and “tails” in the moving soliton. The possibilities for the observation and excitation of breathers in the spiral structures of magnets and multiferroics are discussed.

  14. Two-Dimensionally-Modulated, Magnetic Structure of Neodymium Metal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lebech, Bente; Bak, P.

    1979-01-01

    The incipient magnetic order of dhcp Nd is described by a two-dimensional, incommensurably modulated structure ("triple-q" structure). The ordering is accompanied by a lattice distortion that forms a similar pattern.......The incipient magnetic order of dhcp Nd is described by a two-dimensional, incommensurably modulated structure ("triple-q" structure). The ordering is accompanied by a lattice distortion that forms a similar pattern....

  15. Magnetic Structure Determinations at NBS/NIST.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynn, J W; Borchers, J A; Huang, Q; Santoro, A; Erwin, R W

    2001-01-01

    Magnetic neutron scattering plays a central role in determining and understanding the microscopic properties of a vast variety of magnetic systems, from the fundamental nature, symmetry, and dynamics of magnetically ordered materials to elucidating the magnetic characteristics essential in technological applications. From the early days of neutron scattering measurements at NBS/NIST, magnetic diffraction studies have been a central theme involving many universities, industrial and government labs from around the United States and worldwide. Such measurements have been used to determine the spatial arrangement and directions of the atomic magnetic moments, the atomic magnetization density of the individual atoms in the material, and the value of the ordered moments as a function of thermodynamic parameters such as temperature, pressure, and applied magnetic field. These types of measurements have been carried out on single crystals, powders, thin films, and artificially grown multilayers, and often the information collected can be obtained by no other experimental technique. This article presents, in an historical perspective, a few examples of work carried out at the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR), and discusses the key role that the Center can expect to play in future magnetism research.

  16. Magnetic structure of volcanic neck; Kazangankei no jiki kozo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Makino, M.; Okuma, S.; Morijiri, R.; Nakatsuka, T. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    This paper describes the summary and result of magnetic exploration on the Kabutoyama volcano in the city of Nishinomiya, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. It also states the interpretation and discussion on magnetic anomaly in the volcanic conduit of the mountain by using a three-dimensional magnetic structure model. Terrain surface magnetic exploration for the Kabutoyama volcano was performed by using six traverse lines each in different azimuths with the triangulation point at the summit as the basic point and by using a proton magnetometer. The exploration results of the six traverse lines around the Kabutoyama volcano may be generalized as follows: magnetic anomaly in the vicinity of the summit is moderate with little change, but it increases to 500 nT to 2,500 nT in the vicinity of the distances of 150 m to 200 m; a peak is formed with a width of a few tens of meters; and the magnetic anomaly showed a trend of rapidly decreasing at outer sides of the peak. The results of the magnetic exploration and the magnetization intensity measurement leads to a belief that such a magnetic anomalous band of an annular form would exist corresponding to the boundary or its vicinity of andesite and granite, and the Rokko granite having magnetization intensity as small as can be neglected would be distributed at outer sides of the boundary. The result of the three-dimensional magnetic structure model calculation, which assumes the internal structure of the magnetic structure to be non-uniformly magnetized, reproduced the magnetic anomaly patterns well as compared with the observation results. 1 ref., 5 figs.

  17. Structural design features for commercial fusion power reactor magnet systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sviatoslavsky, I.N.; Young, W.C.

    1980-01-01

    The evolution of structural design features for commercial fusion power reactor magnet systems is discussed. Changing concepts in plasma physics and impurity control, new data on radiation damage in materials and developments in the maintainability and repairability of the magnet systems are the driving influences in this evolution. Generic problems in the magnet designs are discussed for several proposed magnetic confinement system configurations, including tokamaks, tandem mirrors, the Elmo Bumpy Torus, and the reversed field theta pinch. These systems are compared on the basis of how efficiently the magnets make use of structural materials. A measure of the effectiveness of a magnet system is found by determining the ratio of net electric power output from the reactor to the stored energy in the magnetic fields produced by the magnet coils in a given system. The stored energy in the magnetic field can then be used to establish a minimum structural volume and mass by use of the virial theorem. Experience with coil types such as solenoids, toroids, Yin-Yang, etc. has established factors by which the minima must be multiplied to yield anticipated volumes and masses of realistic magnet systems. These initial, admittedly approximate, calculations allow designers to estimate early in the process the contribution of the magnet systems to the overall cost of a fusion reactor. As work progresses these estimates can be used to indicate the degree to which the designers is making effective use of the structural material. Basic rules for effective placement of structure, common to all magnet systems, are also discussed in detail. Factors are presented which make it possible to compare structural savings to the cost of researching the parameters involved in the stability of superconductors. (orig.)

  18. Self-Organized Structures in Magnetic Liquids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oddershede, Lene; Bohr, Jakob

    1996-01-01

    Amazing patterns occur when a droplet of an oily suspension of finely divided magnetic particles, a magnetic liquid is confined within a Hele-Shaw cell and is subject to a magnetic field perpendicular to the surface of the cell. The pattern is macroscopic and the typical linear dimension...... of the pattern is about six orders of magnitude bigger than the particles in the magnetic liquid. In a series of experiments we have investigated the effect on the pattern of varying the height of the cell between 0.5 mm and 2 mm The height of the cell was shown to drastically influence both the characteristic...... sizes and the nature of the pattern The pattern changes character from being chaotic to become labyrinthine and finally droplet-like as the height is increased. The effect of varying the amount of magnetic liquid in the Hele-Shaw cell while maintaining the total volume of the cell was also studied...

  19. Short Large-Amplitude Magnetic Structures (SLAMS) at Venus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collinson, G. A.; Wilson, L. B.; Sibeck, D. G.; Shane, N.; Zhang, T. L.; Moore, T. E.; Coates, A. J.; Barabash, S.

    2012-01-01

    We present the first observation of magnetic fluctuations consistent with Short Large-Amplitude Magnetic Structures (SLAMS) in the foreshock of the planet Venus. Three monolithic magnetic field spikes were observed by the Venus Express on the 11th of April 2009. The structures were approx.1.5->11s in duration, had magnetic compression ratios between approx.3->6, and exhibited elliptical polarization. These characteristics are consistent with the SLAMS observed at Earth, Jupiter, and Comet Giacobini-Zinner, and thus we hypothesize that it is possible SLAMS may be found at any celestial body with a foreshock.

  20. Structural and magnetic properties of Mg substituted Co nanoferrites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sharma, Jyoti; Parashar, Jyoti; Jadoun, Priya; Saxena, V. K.; Bhatnagar, D.; Sharma, Neha; Yadav, Premlata; Sharma, K. B.

    2016-01-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of magnesium substituted cobalt nano ferrites Co x Mg 1-x Fe 2 O 4 (x= 0.2, 0.4 and 1.0) have been investigated. The structural characterization has been done by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The magnetic studies indicate that the samples show ferromagnetic behaviour at room temperature as well as at low temperature. The magnetization decreases with Mg content in both the cases due to the less magnetic nature of Mg ions than that of the Co ions.

  1. An example of complexity in magnetism: Complex magnetic structures in Rare-Earth intermetallics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. Gómez Sal

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available  We present and compare the magnetic structures of limit compounds, between the ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism in the pseudobinary compounds of type RNi/Pt/Cu, where R = Tb, Gd, Nd or Ce, appearing when we substitute the transition metal. All of them are examples of complex magnetic structures as the result of different magnetic interactions, inhomogeneities and disorder. This overview provides us a fruitful field of discussion considering the competition of magnetic interactions in a context of disorder. We discuss the similarities and differences between the structures and we conclude about the importance of the disorder in the existence of several phenomena in magnetism, which could lead to new insights in the stability of magnetic phases, as clusters glass or short range interactions in the mesoscopic scale.

  2. Structure and magnetization of Co4N thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Nidhi; Gupta, Mukul; Gupta, Rachana; Rajput, Parasmani; Stahn, Jochen

    2018-02-01

    In this work, we studied the local structure and the magnetization of Co4N thin films deposited by a reactive dc magnetron sputtering process. The interstitial incorporation of N atoms in a fcc Co lattice is expected to expand the structure. This expansion yields interesting magnetic properties e.g. a larger magnetic moment (than Co) and a very high value of spin polarization ratio in Co4N . By optimizing the growth conditions, we prepared Co4N film having lattice parameter close to its theoretically predicted value. The N concentration was measured using secondary ion mass spectroscopy. Detailed magnetization measurements using bulk magnetization method and polarized neutron reflectivity confirm that the magnetic moment of Co in Co4N is higher than that of Co.

  3. Strain-induced modification of magnetic structure and new magnetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of a metastable phase, i.e. to the growth of a film with a crystallographic structure different from the bulk one in normal temperature and pressure conditions. Both exchange and crystal field effects being very sensitive to the crystal structure, the ...... [15] M K Wilkinson, W C Koelher, E O Wollan and J W Cable, J. Appl. Phys.

  4. Graphite structure and magnetic parameters of flake graphite cast iron

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vértesy, G.; Uchimoto, T.; Takagi, T.; Tomáš, Ivan; Kage, H.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 442, Nov (2017), s. 397-402 ISSN 0304-8853 R&D Projects: GA ČR GB14-36566G Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : magnetic NDE * magnetic adaptive testing * cast iron * graphite structure * pearlite content Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism OBOR OECD: Condensed matter physics (including formerly solid state physics, supercond.) Impact factor: 2.630, year: 2016

  5. Nanodomain wall film structure and its magnetic characterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hai Jiang

    2006-01-01

    In this letter, we report on a nanodomain wall thin-film structure and its fabrication. The core unit of this structure consists of a magnetic nanodot layer sandwiched between a magnetically free layer and a pinned layer. When the magnetizations of the free layer and the pinned layer are unparallel, a nanodomain wall is formed in the magnetic nanodot. Based on this concept, a nanodomain wall film structure with a Ni/Al 2 O 3 nanodot layer is prepared. Since the free and pinned layers are coupled through magnetic nanodots, a displacement of free layer M-H loop from zero field is observed. By measuring the displacement field of the free layer, the nanodomain wall energy is estimated

  6. Local magnetic structure determination using polarized neutron holography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szakál, Alex; Markó, Márton; Cser, László

    2015-05-01

    A unique and important property of the neutron is that it possesses magnetic moment. This property is widely used for determination of magnetic structure of crystalline samples observing the magnetic components of the diffraction peaks. Investigations of diffraction patterns give information only about the averaged structure of a crystal but for discovering of local spin arrangement around a specific (e.g., impurity) nucleus remains still a challenging problem. Neutron holography is a useful tool to investigate the local structure around a specific nucleus embedded in a crystal lattice. The method has been successfully applied experimentally in several cases using non-magnetic short range interaction of the neutron and the nucleus. A mathematical model of the hologram using interaction between magnetic moment of the atom and the neutron spin for polarized neutron holography is provided. Validity of a polarized neutron holographic experiment is demonstrated by applying the proposed method on model systems.

  7. Local magnetic structure determination using polarized neutron holography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Szakál, Alex; Markó, Márton; Cser, László

    2015-01-01

    A unique and important property of the neutron is that it possesses magnetic moment. This property is widely used for determination of magnetic structure of crystalline samples observing the magnetic components of the diffraction peaks. Investigations of diffraction patterns give information only about the averaged structure of a crystal but for discovering of local spin arrangement around a specific (e.g., impurity) nucleus remains still a challenging problem. Neutron holography is a useful tool to investigate the local structure around a specific nucleus embedded in a crystal lattice. The method has been successfully applied experimentally in several cases using non-magnetic short range interaction of the neutron and the nucleus. A mathematical model of the hologram using interaction between magnetic moment of the atom and the neutron spin for polarized neutron holography is provided. Validity of a polarized neutron holographic experiment is demonstrated by applying the proposed method on model systems

  8. Magnetic domain structure and magnetically-induced reorientation in Ni–Mn–Ga magnetic shape memory alloy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Heczko, Oleg; Bradshaw, V.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 131, č. 4 (2017), s. 1063-1065 ISSN 0587-4246 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-00262S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : magnetic shape memory effect * magnetic domain structure * 3D visualization * domain mirroring Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism OBOR OECD: Condensed matter physics (including formerly solid state physics, supercond.) Impact factor: 0.469, year: 2016

  9. 3D Biomimetic Magnetic Structures for Static Magnetic Field Stimulation of Osteogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Alexandra Paun

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available We designed, fabricated and optimized 3D biomimetic magnetic structures that stimulate the osteogenesis in static magnetic fields. The structures were fabricated by direct laser writing via two-photon polymerization of IP-L780 photopolymer and were based on ellipsoidal, hexagonal units organized in a multilayered architecture. The magnetic activity of the structures was assured by coating with a thin layer of collagen-chitosan-hydroxyapatite-magnetic nanoparticles composite. In vitro experiments using MG-63 osteoblast-like cells for 3D structures with gradients of pore size helped us to find an optimum pore size between 20–40 µm. Starting from optimized 3D structures, we evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively the effects of static magnetic fields of up to 250 mT on cell proliferation and differentiation, by ALP (alkaline phosphatase production, Alizarin Red and osteocalcin secretion measurements. We demonstrated that the synergic effect of 3D structure optimization and static magnetic stimulation enhances the bone regeneration by a factor greater than 2 as compared with the same structure in the absence of a magnetic field.

  10. Structural and magnetic properties of ball milled copper ferrite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goya, G.F.; Rechenberg, H.R.; Jiang, Jianzhong

    1998-01-01

    The structural and magnetic evolution in copper ferrite (CuFe2O4) caused by high-energy ball milling are investigated by x-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and magnetization measurements. Initially, the milling process reduces the average grain size of CuFe2O4 to about 6 nm and induces ca...

  11. Structural and magnetic properties of zinc- and aluminum ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    a decrease in ferrimagnetic behaviour. Keywords. Ferrite; co-precipitation; magnetization; AC susceptibility. PACS Nos 78.67.Bf; 01.30.-y; 85.70.Ge. 1. Introduction. The method of preparation plays a very important role with regard to the chemical, structural and magnetic properties of spinel ferrite [1]. Ferrites are commonly ...

  12. Core/Shell Structured Magnetic Nanoparticles for Biological Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Jeong Chan; Jung, Myung Hwan

    2013-01-01

    Magnetic nanoparticles have been widely used for biomedical applications, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), hyperthermia, drug delivery and cell signaling. The surface modification of the nanomaterials is required for biomedical use to give physiogical stability, surface reactivity and targeting properties. Among many approaches for the surface modification with materials, such as polymers, organic ligands and metals, one of the most attractive ways is using metals. The fabrication of metal-based, monolayer-coated magnetic nanoparticles has been intensively studied. However, the synthesis of metal-capped magnetic nanoparticles with monodispersities and controllable sizes is still challenged. Recently, gold-capped magnetic nanoparticles have been reported to increase stability and to provide biocompatibility. Magnetic nanoparticle with gold coating is an attractive system, which can be stabilized in biological conditions and readily functionalized in biological conditions and readily functionalized through well-established surface modification (Au-S) chemistry. The Au coating offers plasmonic properties to magnetic nanoparticles. This makes the magnetic/Au core/shell combinations interesting for magnetic and optical applications. Herein, the synthesis and characterization of gold capped-magnetic core structured nanomaterials with different gold sources, such as gold acetate and chloroauric acid have been reported. The core/shell nanoparticles were transferred from organic to aqueous solutions for biomedical applications. Magnetic core/shell structured nanoparticles have been prepared and transferred from organic phase to aqueous solutions. The resulting Au-coated magnetic core nanoparticles might be an attractive system for biomedical applications, which are needed both magnetic resonance imaging and optical imaging

  13. Investigations on structural, optical and magnetic properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 40; Issue 1. Investigations on structural, optical and magnetic properties of solution-combustion-synthesized nanocrystalline iron molybdate. KRITHIKADEVI RAMACHANDRAN SIVA CHIDAMBARAM BALRAJ BASKARAN ARULMOZHI MUTHUKUMARASAMY JOHN ...

  14. Structure and Magnetic Properties of Lanthanide Nanocrystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dickerson, James Henry [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)

    2014-06-01

    We have had considerable success on this project, particularly in the understanding of the relationship between nanostructure and magnetic properties in lanthanide nanocrystals. We also have successfully facilitated the doctoral degrees of Dr. Suseela Somarajan, in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Dr. Melissa Harrison, in the Materials Science Program. The following passages summarize the various accomplishments that were featured in 9 publications that were generated based on support from this grant. We thank the Department of Energy for their generous support of our research efforts in this area of materials science, magnetism, and electron microscopy.

  15. Magnetic, Structural, and Particle Size Analysis of Single- and Multi-Core Magnetic Nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ludwig, Frank; Kazakova, Olga; Barquin, Luis Fernandez

    2014-01-01

    and the results are compared with each other. The presented results primarily focus on determining the particle size—both the hydrodynamic size and the individual magnetic core size—as well as magnetic and structural properties. The used analysis methods include transmission electron microscopy, static...

  16. Magnetic structures in ultra-thin Holmium films: Influence of external magnetic field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, L.J. [Departamento de Física Teórica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59600-900, RN (Brazil); Departamento de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró 59625-620, RN (Brazil); Mello, V.D. [Departamento de Física, Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoró 59625-620, RN (Brazil); Anselmo, D.H.A.L. [Departamento de Física Teórica e Experimental, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59600-900, RN (Brazil); Vasconcelos, M.S., E-mail: mvasconcelos@ect.ufrn.br [Escola de Ciência e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59072-970 Natal, RN (Brazil)

    2015-03-01

    We address the magnetic phases in very thin Ho films at the temperature interval between 20 K and 132 K. We show that slab size, surface effects and magnetic field due to spin ordering impact significantly the magnetic phase diagram. Also we report that there is a relevant reduction of the external field strength required to saturate the magnetization and for ultra-thin films the helical state does not form. We explore the specific heat and the susceptibility as auxiliary tools to discuss the nature of the phase transitions, when in the presence of an external magnetic field and temperature effects. The presence of an external field gives rise to the magnetic phase Fan and the spin-slip structures. - Highlights: • We analyze the magnetic phases of very thin Ho films in the temperature interval 20–132 K. • We show that slab size, etc. due to spin ordering may impact the magnetic phase diagram. • All magnetic phase transitions, for strong magnetic fields, are marked by the specific heat. • The presence of an external field gives rise to the magnetic phase Fan and the spin-slip one.

  17. Synergistic structures from magnetic freeze casting with surface magnetized alumina particles and platelets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Michael B; Hei Siu, Sze; Karandikar, Keyur; Liu, Chin-Hung; Naleway, Steven E; Porter, Michael M; Graeve, Olivia A; McKittrick, Joanna

    2017-12-01

    Magnetic freeze casting utilizes the freezing of water, a low magnetic field and surface magnetized materials to make multi-axis strengthened porous scaffolds. A much greater magnetic moment was measured for larger magnetized alumina platelets compared with smaller particles, which indicated that more platelet aggregation occurred within slurries. This led to more lamellar wall alignment along the magnetic field direction during magnetic freeze casting at 75 mT. Slurries with varying ratios of magnetized particles to platelets (0:1, 1:3, 1:1, 3:1, 7:1, 1:0) produced porous scaffolds with different structural features and degrees of lamellar wall alignment. The greatest mechanical enhancement in the magnetic field direction was identified in the synergistic condition with the highest particle to platelet ratio (7:1). Magnetic freeze casting with varying ratios of magnetized anisotropic and isotropic alumina provided insights about how heterogeneous morphologies aggregate within lamellar walls that impact mechanical properties. Fabrication of strengthened scaffolds with multi-axis aligned porosity was achieved without introducing different solid materials, freezing agents or additives. Resemblance of 7:1 particle to platelet scaffold microstructure to wood light-frame house construction is framed in the context of assembly inspiration being derived from both natural and synthetic sources. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Structural materials for large superconducting magnets for tokamaks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Long, C.J.

    1976-12-01

    The selection of structural materials for large superconducting magnets for tokamak-type fusion reactors is considered. The important criteria are working stress, radiation resistance, electromagnetic interaction, and general feasibility. The most advantageous materials appear to be face-centered-cubic alloys in the Fe-Ni-Cr system, but high-modulus composites may be necessary where severe pulsed magnetic fields are present. Special-purpose structural materials are considered briefly.

  19. Structural materials for large superconducting magnets for tokamaks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Long, C.J.

    1976-12-01

    The selection of structural materials for large superconducting magnets for tokamak-type fusion reactors is considered. The important criteria are working stress, radiation resistance, electromagnetic interaction, and general feasibility. The most advantageous materials appear to be face-centered-cubic alloys in the Fe-Ni-Cr system, but high-modulus composites may be necessary where severe pulsed magnetic fields are present. Special-purpose structural materials are considered briefly

  20. Tripolar electric field Structure in guide field magnetic reconnection

    OpenAIRE

    S. Fu; S. Huang; M. Zhou; B. Ni; X. Deng

    2018-01-01

    It has been shown that the guide field substantially modifies the structure of the reconnection layer. For instance, the Hall magnetic and electric fields are distorted in guide field reconnection compared to reconnection without guide fields (i.e., anti-parallel reconnection). In this paper, we performed 2.5-D electromagnetic full particle simulation to study the electric field structures in magnetic reconnection under different initial guide fields (Bg). Once the amplit...

  1. Two-dimensional chiral asymmetry in unidirectional magnetic anisotropy structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perna, P., E-mail: paolo.perna@imdea.org; Guerrero, R.; Niño, M. A. [IMDEA-Nanoscience, c/ Faraday, 9 Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Ajejas, F.; Maccariello, D.; Cuñado, J. L. [IMDEA-Nanoscience, c/ Faraday, 9 Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); DFMC and Instituto “Nicolás Cabrera”, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Muñoz, M. [IMM-CSIC, Isaac Newton 8, PTM, 28760 Tres Cantos, Madrid (Spain); ISOM, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Prieto, J. L. [ISOM, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Miranda, R.; Camarero, J. [IMDEA-Nanoscience, c/ Faraday, 9 Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); DFMC and Instituto “Nicolás Cabrera”, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2016-05-15

    We investigate the symmetry-breaking effects of magnetic nanostructures that present unidirectional (one-fold) magnetic anisotropy. Angular and field dependent transport and magnetic properties have been studied in two different exchange-biased systems, i.e. ferromagnetic (FM)/ antiferromagnetic (AFM) bilayer and spin-valve structures. We experimentally show the direct relationships between the magnetoresistance (MR) response and the magnetization reversal pathways for any field value and direction. We demonstrate that even though the MR signals are related to different transport phenomena, namely anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) and giant magnetoresistance (GMR), chiral asymmetries are found around the magnetization hard-axis direction, in both cases originated from the one-fold symmetry of the interfacial exchange coupling. Our results indicate that the chiral asymmetry of transport and magnetic behaviors are intrinsic of systems with an unidirectional contribution.

  2. Two-dimensional chiral asymmetry in unidirectional magnetic anisotropy structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Perna

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the symmetry-breaking effects of magnetic nanostructures that present unidirectional (one-fold magnetic anisotropy. Angular and field dependent transport and magnetic properties have been studied in two different exchange-biased systems, i.e. ferromagnetic (FM/ antiferromagnetic (AFM bilayer and spin-valve structures. We experimentally show the direct relationships between the magnetoresistance (MR response and the magnetization reversal pathways for any field value and direction. We demonstrate that even though the MR signals are related to different transport phenomena, namely anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR and giant magnetoresistance (GMR, chiral asymmetries are found around the magnetization hard-axis direction, in both cases originated from the one-fold symmetry of the interfacial exchange coupling. Our results indicate that the chiral asymmetry of transport and magnetic behaviors are intrinsic of systems with an unidirectional contribution.

  3. Magnetic properties of FeV/MgO-based structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bersweiler, Mathias; Watanabe, Kyota; Sato, Hideo; Matsukura, Fumihiro; Ohno, Hideo

    2017-08-01

    We investigate the magnetic properties of Fe100- x V x /MgO-based structures with a V composition x up to 20 at. %. The introduction of V results in the reduction of spontaneous magnetization, the damping constant, and both interfacial and bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropies. However, the insertion of thin Fe layers at the FeV/MgO interfaces results in an effective perpendicular magnetic anisotropy as large as that of Fe/MgO. The result shows potential for lowering the threshold current for magnetization switching in FeV/MgO-based magnetic tunnel junctions, while maintaining a thermal stability factor similar to that in Fe/MgO-based junctions.

  4. MEMS magnetic field sensor based on silicon bridge structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Du Guangtao; Chen Xiangdong; Lin Qibin; Li Hui; Guo Huihui, E-mail: xdchen@home.swjtu.edu.c [School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031 (China)

    2010-10-15

    A MEMS piezoresistive magnetic field sensor based on a silicon bridge structure has been simulated and tested. The sensor consists of a silicon sensitivity diaphragm embedded with a piezoresistive Wheatstone bridge, and a ferromagnetic magnet adhered to the sensitivity diaphragm. When the sensor is subjected to an external magnetic field, the magnetic force bends the silicon sensitivity diaphragm, producing stress and resistors change of the Wheatstone bridge and the output voltage of the sensor. Good agreement is observed between the theory and measurement behavior of the magnetic field sensor. Experimental results demonstrate that the maximum sensitivity and minimum resolution are 48 m V/T and 160 {mu}T, respectively, making this device suitable for strong magnetic field measurement. Research results indicate that the sensor repeatability and dynamic response time are about 0.66% and 150 ms, respectively. (semiconductor devices)

  5. The dynamics of coronal magnetic structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weber, W.

    1978-01-01

    An analysis is made of the evolution of coronal magnetic fields due to the interaction with the solar wind. An analysis of the formation of coronal streamers, arising as a result of the stretching of bipolar fields, is given. Numerical simulations of the formation of coronal streamers are presented. Fast-mode shocks as triggers of microturbulence in the solar corona are discussed

  6. Manipulation of molecular structures with magnetic fields

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boamfa, M.I.

    2003-01-01

    The present thesis deals with the use of magnetic fields as a handle to manipulate matter at a molecular level and as a tool to probe molecular properties or inter molecular interactions. The work consists of in situ optical studies of (polymer) liquid crystals and molecular aggregates in high

  7. Laminar wave train structure of collisionless magnetic slow shocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coroniti, F. V.

    1970-01-01

    The laminar wave train structure of collisionless magnetic slow shocks is investigated using two fluid hydromagnetics with ion cyclotron radius dispersion. For shock strengths less than the maximally strong switch-off shock, in the shock leading edge dispersive steepening forms a magnetic field gradient, while in the downstream flow dispersive propagation forms a trailing wave train; dispersion scale lengths are the ion inertial length if beta is smaller than 1 and the ion cyclotron radius if beta is greater than 1. In the switch-off slow shock leading edge, dispersion only produced rotations of the magnetic field direction; the gradient of the magnetic field magnitude, and hence the shock steepening length, is determined solely by resistive diffusion. The switch-off shock structure consists of a long trailing of magnetic rotations which are gradually damped by resistivity.

  8. Periodical plasma structures controlled by external magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweigert, I. V.; Keidar, M.

    2017-06-01

    The characteristics of two-dimensional periodical structures in a magnetized plasma are studied using kinetic simulations. Ridges (i.e. spikes in electron and ion density) are formed and became more pronounced with an increase of magnetic field incidence angle in the plasma volume in the cylindrical chamber. These ridges are shifted relative to each other, which results in the formation of a two-dimensional double-layer structure. Depending on Larmor radius and Debye length up to 19 potential steps appear across the oblique magnetic field. The electrical current gathered into the channels is associated with the electron and ion density ridges.

  9. Vortex magnetic structure in circularly magnetized microwires as deduced from magneto-optical Kerr measurements

    KAUST Repository

    Ivanov, Yurii P.

    2014-02-14

    The magneto-optic Kerr effect has been employed to determine the magnetization process and estimate the domain structure of microwires with circular magnetic anisotropy. The diameter of microwires was 8 μm, and pieces 2 cm long were selected for measurements. The analysis of the local surface longitudinal and transverse hysteresis loops has allowed us to deduce a vortex magnetic structure with axial core and circular external shell. Moreover, a bamboo-like surface domain structure is confirmed with wave length of around 10 to 15 μm and alternating chirality in adjacent circular domains. The width of the domain wall is estimated to be less than 3 μm. Finally, closure domain structures with significant helical magnetization component are observed extending up to around 1000 μm from the end of the microwire.

  10. Manipulation of magnetic domain structures with helical magnetization in magnetic microwires

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chizhik, A.; Stupakiewicz, A.; Zhukov, A.P.; Maziewski, A.; Gonzalez, J.; Zablotskyy, Vitaliy A.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 50, č. 11 (2014), s. 2005903 ISSN 0018-9464 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : amorphous magnetic wires * magnetic domains * magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE) Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.386, year: 2014

  11. Structure and magnetism in novel group IV element-based magnetic materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsui, Frank [Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    2013-08-14

    The project is to investigate structure, magnetism and spin dependent states of novel group IV element-based magnetic thin films and heterostructures as a function of composition and epitaxial constraints. The materials systems of interest are Si-compatible epitaxial films and heterostructures of Si/Ge-based magnetic ternary alloys grown by non-equilibrium molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) techniques, specifically doped magnetic semiconductors (DMS) and half-metallic Heusler alloys. Systematic structural, chemical, magnetic, and electrical measurements are carried out, using x-ray microbeam techniques, magnetotunneling spectroscopy and microscopy, and magnetotransport. The work is aimed at elucidating the nature and interplay between structure, chemical order, magnetism, and spin-dependent states in these novel materials, at developing materials and techniques to realize and control fully spin polarized states, and at exploring fundamental processes that stabilize the epitaxial magnetic nanostructures and control the electronic and magnetic states in these complex materials. Combinatorial approach provides the means for the systematic studies, and the complex nature of the work necessitates this approach.

  12. Band structure peculiarities of magnetic photonic crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gevorgyan, A. H.; Golik, S. S.

    2017-10-01

    In this work we studied light diffraction in magneto-photonic crystals (MPC) having large magneto-optical activity and modulation large depth. The case of arbitrary angles between the direction of the external static magnetic field and the normal to the border of the MPC layer is considered. The problem is solved by Ambartsumian's modified layer addition method. It is found that there is a new type of non-reciprocity, namely, the relation R (α) ≠ R (- α) takes place, where R is the reflection coefficient, and α is the incidence angle. It is shown the formation of new photonic band gap (PBG) at oblique incidence of light, which is not selective for the polarization of the incident light, in the case when the external magnetic field is directed along the medium axis. Such a system can be used as: a tunable polarization filter, polarization mirror, circular (elliptical) polarizer, tunable optical diode, etc.

  13. Summary of the workshop on structural analysis needs for magnetic fusion energy superconducting magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reich, M.; Lehner, J.; Powell, J.

    1976-09-01

    The technical portions of the meeting were divided into three major sessions as follows: (1) Review of methods being presently used by the MFE community for structural evaluation of current designs. (2) Future structural analysis needs. (3) Open discussions dealing with adequacy of present methods, the improvements needed for MFE magnet structural analysis, and the establishment of an MFE magnet structural advisory group. Summaries of the individual talks presented on Wednesday and Thursday (i.e., items 1 and 2 above) are included following the workshop schedule given later in this synopsis

  14. Magnetic Core-Shell Morphology of Structurally Uniform Magnetite Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krycka, Kathryn

    2011-03-01

    Magnetic nanoscale structures are intriguing, in part, because of the exotic properties that emerge compared with bulk. The reduction of magnetic moment per atom in magnetite with decreasing nanoparticle size, for example, has been hypothesized to originate from surface disordering to anisotropy-induced radial canting, which are difficult to distinguish using conventional magnetometry. Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) is ideal for probing structure, both chemical and magnetic, from nm to microns across an ensemble of particles. Adding polarization analysis (PASANS) of the neutron spin orientation before and after interaction with the scattering particles allows the magnetic structure to be separated into its vector components. Application of this novel technique to 9 nm magnetite nanoparticles closed-packed into face-centered crystallites with order of a micron revealed that at nominal saturation the missing magnetic moments unexpectedly interacted to form well-ordered shells 1.0 to 1.5 nm thick canted perpendicular to their ferrimagnetic cores between 160 to 320 K. These shells additionally displayed intra-particle ``cross-talk'', selecting a common orientation over clusters of tens of nanoparticles. However, the shells disappeared when the external field was removed and interparticle magnetic interactions were negligible (300 K), confirming their magnetic origin. This work has been carried out in collaboration with Ryan Booth, Julie Borchers, Wangchun Chen, Liv Dedon, Thomas Gentile, Charles Hogg, Yumi Ijiri, Mark Laver, Sara Majetich, James Rhyne, and Shannon Watson.

  15. Excitation of magnetic inhomogeneities in three-layer ferromagnetic structure with different parameters of the magnetic anisotropy and exchange

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ekomasov, E.G.; Murtazin, R.R.; Nazarov, V.N.

    2015-01-01

    The generation and evolution of magnetic inhomogeneities, emerging in a thin flat layer with the parameters of the magnetic anisotropy and exchange interaction, with the parameters different from other two thick layers of the three-layer ferromagnetic structure, were investigated. The parameters ranges that determine the possibility of their existence were found. The possibility of the external magnetic field influence on the structure and dynamic properties of localized magnetic inhomogeneities was shown. - Highlights: • The generation of magnetic inhomogeneities in the three-layer ferromagnetic. • The influence of an external field on the parameters of magnetic inhomogeneities. • Numerical study of the structure and dynamics of magnetic inhomogeneities

  16. Magnetic susceptibility, specific heat and magnetic structure of CuNi2(PO4)2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Escobal, Jaione; Pizarro, Jose L.; Mesa, Jose L.; Larranaga, Aitor; Fernandez, Jesus Rodriguez; Arriortua, Maria I.; Rojo, Teofilo

    2006-01-01

    The CuNi 2 (PO 4 ) 2 phosphate has been synthesized by the ceramic method at 800 deg. C in air. The crystal structure consists of a three-dimensional skeleton constructed from MO 4 (M II =Cu and Ni) planar squares and M 2 O 8 dimers with square pyramidal geometry, which are interconnected by (PO 4 ) 3- oxoanions with tetrahedral geometry. The magnetic behavior has been studied on powdered sample by using susceptibility, specific heat and neutron diffraction data. The bimetallic copper(II)-nickel(II) orthophosphate exhibits a three-dimensional magnetic ordering at, approximately, 29.8 K. However, its complex crystal structure hampers any parametrization of the J-exchange parameter. The specific heat measurements exhibit a three-dimensional magnetic ordering (λ-type) peak at 29.5 K. The magnetic structure of this phosphate shows ferromagnetic interactions inside the Ni 2 O 8 dimers, whereas the sublattice of Cu(II) ions presents antiferromagnetic couplings along the y-axis. The change of the sign in the magnetic unit-cell, due to the [1/2, 0, 1/2] propagation vector determines a purely antiferromagnetic structure. - Graphical abstract: Magnetic structure of CuNi2(PO4)2

  17. Magnetization processes in core/shell exchange-spring structures.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang, J. S.

    2015-03-27

    The magnetization reversal processes in cylindrical and spherical soft core/hard shell exchange-spring structures are investigated via the analytical nucleation theory, and are verified with numerical micromagnetic simulations. At small core sizes, the nucleation of magnetic reversal proceeds via the modified bulging mode, where the transverse component of the magnetization is only semi-coherent in direction and the nucleation field contains a contribution from self-demagnetization. For large core sizes, the modified curling mode, where the magnetization configuration is vortex-like, is favored at nucleation. The preference for the modified curling mode is beneficial in that the fluxclosure allows cylindrical and spherical core/shell exchange-spring elements to be densely packed into bulk permanent magnets without affecting the nucleation field, thereby offering the potential for high energy product.

  18. Giant Magnetic Field Enhancement in Hybridized MIM Structures

    KAUST Repository

    Alrasheed, Salma

    2017-10-23

    We propose numerically an approach to narrow the plasmon linewidth and enhance the magnetic near field intensity at a magnetic hot spot in a hybridized metal-insulatormetal (MIM) structure. First we insert in part of the dielectric layer of the MIM, at its center, another dielectric material of a high refractive index (HRI). This results in an increase in the magnetic near field enhancement of the magnetic plasmon (MP) resonance by 82% compared with the MIM without the HRI material. We then couple this enhanced MP resonance to a propagating surface plasmon polariton (SPP) to achieve a further enhancement of 438%. The strong coupling between the MP and the SPP is demonstrated by the large anti-crossing in the reflection spectra. The resulting maximum magnetic field enhancement at the gap is ~ |H / Hi|² = 3555.

  19. Exotic magnetic structures in high-pressure synthesized perovskites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manuel, Pascal; Khalyavin, Dmitry; Ding, Lei; Yi, Wei; Kumagai, Yu; Oba, Fumiyasu; Orlandi, Fabio; Belik, Alexei

    We present a neutron powder diffraction study of the crystal and magnetic structures of the high-pressure stabilized perovskite phases of TlMnO3, ScCrO3, InCrO3 and TlCrO3. These compounds exhibit original magnetic structures compared to other members of their respective manganite and orthochromite families with TlMnO3 also displaying unusual orbital ordering pattern. For both systems, we rationalise the structures through a combination of group theory and first principle calculations. We also highlight the dominant mechanism controlling the spin direction as being the single ion anisotropy.

  20. Growth, structure, morphology, and magnetic properties of Ni ferrite films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Chunhui; Wang, Gaoxue; Guo, Dangwei; Jiang, Changjun; Xue, Desheng

    2013-04-27

    The morphology, structure, and magnetic properties of nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4) films fabricated by radio frequency magnetron sputtering on Si(111) substrate have been investigated as functions of film thickness. Prepared films that have not undergone post-annealing show the better spinel crystal structure with increasing growth time. Meanwhile, the size of grain also increases, which induces the change of magnetic properties: saturation magnetization increased and coercivity increased at first and then decreased. Note that the sample of 10-nm thickness is the superparamagnetic property. Transmission electron microscopy displays that the film grew with a disorder structure at initial growth, then forms spinel crystal structure as its thickness increases, which is relative to lattice matching between substrate Si and NiFe2O4.

  1. First Cluster results of the magnetic field structure of the mid- and high-altitude cusps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. Cargill

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic field measurements from the four Cluster spacecraft from the mid- and high-altitude cusp are presented. Cluster underwent two encounters with the mid-altitude cusp during its commissioning phase (24 August 2000. Evidence for field-aligned currents (FACs was seen in the data from all three operating spacecraft from northern and southern cusps. The extent of the FACs was of the order of 1 RE in the X-direction, and at least 300 km in the Y-direction. However, fine-scale field structures with scales of the order of the spacecraft separation (300 km were observed within the FACs. In the northern crossing, two of the spacecraft appeared to lie along the same magnetic field line, and observed very well matched signals. However, the third spacecraft showed evidence for structuring transverse to the field on scales of a few hundred km. A crossing of the high-altitude cusp from 13 February 2001 is presented. It is revealed to be a highly dynamic structure with the boundaries moving with velocities ranging from a few km/s to tens of km/s, and having structure on timescales ranging from less than one minute up to several minutes. The cusp proper is associated with the presence of a very disordered magnetic field, which is entirely different from the magnetosheath turbulence.Key words. Magnetospheric physics (current systems; magnetopause, cusp, and boundary layers – Space plasma physics (discontinuities

  2. Structural and magnetic properties of amorphous iron oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusuf, S. M.; Mukadam, M. D.; De Teresa, J. M.; Ibarra, M. R.; Kohlbrecher, J.; Heinemann, A.; Wiedenmann, A.

    2010-02-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of amorphous Fe2O3 have been studied by polarized neutron small angle scattering, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dc magnetization techniques. The small angle neutron scattering (SANS) study shows two different lognormal distributions of particle sizes with mean diameters of ∼4.14 and 1.21 nm with standard deviations 0.33 and 0.40, respectively, and the structure factor corresponds to a mass fractal with a fractal dimension of 2.42. A short-range crystalline nature for these nanoparticles has been confirmed from the high resolution TEM study. The magnetic field and temperature dependent magnetization has been found to scale very well with the SANS signal. It is evident from the field dependent polarized SANS study that the spin clusters do not grow in size under applied field; rather a larger spin alignment occurs under field.

  3. The new magnetic structure of LaMnO3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gontchar, L.E.; Nikiforov, A.E.

    1999-01-01

    Complete text of publication follows. The LaMnO 3 is known to be a parent compound for materials having colossal magnetoresistance. The magnetic and structural properties of LaMnO 3 are of the great interest now. In the present work, the new four-sublattices magnetic structure - (A x , F y , G z ) + (G x , C y , A z ) - is proposed. The Spin-Hamiltonian used in this model is based on calculated crystal structure and includes isotropic exchange interaction, the single-ion anisotropy and the antisymmetric exchange and Zeeman interactions. All of these components depend upon JT distortion. The spin-wave approximation is used and the dispersion dependencies of the spin waves are calculated. Our previous consideration of KCuF 3 shows that spin-wave method is not sensitive to small antisymmetric exchange interaction and inequivalency of the g tensors, but these small effects could not be neglected in calculations of magnetic structure. The dependence of antiferromagnetic resonance field upon angle is predicted. It could clarify the real magnetic structure. In spite of the sufficient energy gap in the Γ-point of magnetic Brillouin zone (ΔE = 2.7 meV) the measurements of this dependence could be carried out. (author)

  4. Oscillations in magnetoresistance and interlayer coupling in magnetic sandwich structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barnas, J.; Bulka, B.

    1997-01-01

    Kubo formalism is used to calculate the magnetoresistance due to magnetization rotation in a structure consisting two magnetic films separated by nonmagnetic layer. In the approximation of an uniform relaxation time of each layer, the oscillatory term in magnetoresistance corresponds to the oscillation period which depends on the potential barriers at the interfaces. This period is longer than the oscillation period observed in the coupling parameter. (author)

  5. Engineering the magnetic structure of Fe clusters by Mn alloying

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Longo, R C; Alemany, M M G; Gallego, L J [Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Vega, A [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica y Optica, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47011 Valladolid (Spain); Ferrer, J [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, E-33007 Oviedo (Spain)], E-mail: romadep@usc.es

    2008-06-18

    We propose to tailor the magnetic structure of atomic clusters by suitable doping, which produces the nanometric equivalent to alloying. As a proof of principle, we perform a theoretical analysis of Fe{sub 6-x}Mn{sub x} clusters (x = 0-5), which shows a modulation of the magnetic moment of the clusters as a function of Mn doping and, more importantly, a collinear to noncollinear transition at x = 4.

  6. Defect-induced magnetic structure of CuMnSb

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Máca, František; Kudrnovský, Josef; Drchal, Václav; Turek, I.; Stelmakhovych, O.; Beran, Přemysl; Llobet, A.; Martí, Xavier

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 94, č. 9 (2016), 1-9, č. článku 094407. ISSN 2469-9950 R&D Projects: GA ČR GB14-37427G Institutional support: RVO:68378271 ; RVO:61389005 Keywords : CuMnSb * electronic structure * defects * magnetic order * ab initio calculations * neutron diffraction analysis Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.836, year: 2016

  7. The effect of internal magnetic structure on the fishbone instability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roberts, D.W.; Powell, E.; Kaita, R.; Bell, R.; Chance, M.; Hatcher, R.; Holland, A.; Kaye, S.; Kessel, C.; Kugel, H.; LeBlanc, B.; Manickam, J.; Okabayashi, M.; Paul, S.; Pomphrey, N.; Sauthoff, N.; Sesnic, S.; Takahashi, H.; White, R.; Asakura, N.; Duperrex, P.; Gammel, G.

    1992-01-01

    Plasmas exhibiting the ''fishbone'' instability studied on the PBX-M tokamak show a distinct relationship between the plasma shape, the internal magnetic structure, and the presence or absence of fast ion losses associated with the fishbone mode. We have, for the first time, carried out measurements of the magnetic safety factor profile in fishbone-unstable plasmas, and used the knowledge of the associated experimental equilibria to compare the stability and fast ion loss properties of these plasmas with experimental observations

  8. Activation of structural alloys in fusion reactor magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mann, F.M.; Doran, D.G.

    1986-01-01

    Using the REAC2 code system, both short-term and long-term activation were calculated for possible structural and magnet materials at the shield-magnet interface. The flux was taken from the STARFIRE conceptual design and a 30-year lifetime was assumed. Short-term activation does not seem to be a problem. Only materials with large amounts of niobium appear to be a potential problem for long-term activation. 2 tabs

  9. Solution and refinement of magnetic structures with Jana2006

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Petříček, Václav; Henriques, Margarida Isabel Sousa; Dušek, Michal

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 130, č. 4 (2016), s. 848-851 ISSN 0587-4246. [Conference on Applied Crystallography /23./. Krynica Zdrój, 20.09.2015-24.09.2015] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-03276S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : Jana2006 * crystal structure * magnetic compounds * neutron diffraction Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 0.469, year: 2016

  10. Electronic structure and magnetism in UPtAl

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Andreev, Alexander V.; Diviš, M.; Javorský, P.; Prokeš, K.; Sechovský, V.; Kuneš, Jan; Shiokawa, Y.

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 64, - (2001), s. 144408-1-144408-8 ISSN 0163-1829 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA202/99/0184; GA MŠk ME 162 Grant - others:GA UK(XC) 145/2000 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1010914 Keywords : UPtAl * electronic structure * magnetism Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.070, year: 2001

  11. Spin flexoelectricity and chiral spin structures in magnetic films

    OpenAIRE

    Pyatakov, A. P.; Sergeev, A. S.; Mikailzade, F. A.; Zvezdin, A. K.

    2015-01-01

    In this short review a broad range of chiral phenomena observed in magnetic films (spin cycloid and skyrmion structures formation as well as chirality dependent domain wall motion) is considered under the perspective of spin flexoelectricity, i.e. the relation between bending of magnetization pattern and electric polarization. The similarity and the difference between the spin flexoelectricity and the newly emerged notion of spin flexomagnetism is discussed. The phenomenological arguments bas...

  12. Structural aspects of magnetic fluid stabilization in aqueous agarose solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagornyi, A. V.; Petrenko, V. I.; Avdeev, M. V.; Yelenich, O. V.; Solopan, S. O.; Belous, A. G.; Gruzinov, A. Yu.; Ivankov, O. I.; Bulavin, L. A.

    2017-06-01

    Structure characterization of magnetic fluids (MFs) synthesized by three different methods in aqueous solutions of agarose was done by means of small-angle neutron (SANS) and synchrotron X-ray scattering (SAXS). The differences in the complex aggregation observed in the studied magnetic fluids were related to different stabilizing procedures of the three kinds of MFs. The results of the analysis of the scattering (mean size of single polydisperse magnetic particles, fractal dimensions of the aggregates) are consistent with the data of transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

  13. Coherent magnetic structures in terbium/holmium superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryn-Jacobsen, C.; Cowley, R.A.; McMorrow, D.F.

    1997-01-01

    Neutron-scattering techniques have been used to investigate the magnetic properties of three Tb/Ho superlattices grown by molecular-beam epitaxy. It is revealed that for temperatures in the range T = 10 to T-N(Ho)approximate to 130 K, there is a basal-plane ferromagnetic alignment of Tb moments...... to 230 K, two samples retain this magnetic structure while the third undergoes a transition first to a mixed phase of helically and ferromagnetically ordered Tb moments, then to a phase with only helically ordered To moments. Ln all cases, the magnetic ordering is found to be long ranged, with coherence...

  14. Assessment of Alphamagnetic Spectrometer (AMS) Upper Experiment Structural Configuration Shielding Effectiveness Associated with Change from Cryo-Cooled Magnet to Permanent Magnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scully, Robert

    2012-01-01

    In the spring of 2010, the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer 2 (AMS-02) underwent a series of system level electromagnetic interference control measurements, followed by thermal vacuum testing. Shortly after completion of the thermal vacuum testing, the project decided to remove the cryogenically cooled superconducting magnet, and replace it with the original permanent magnet design employed in the earlier AMS- 01 assembly. Doing so necessitated several structural changes, as well as removal or modification of numerous electronic and thermal control devices and systems. At this stage, the project was rapidly approaching key milestone dates for hardware completion and delivery for launch, and had little time for additional testing or assessment of any impact to the electromagnetic signature of the AMS-02. Therefore, an analytical assessment of the radiated emissions behavioural changes associated with the system changes was requested.

  15. Magnetar Giant Flares in Multipolar Magnetic Fields. III. Multipolar Magnetic Field Structure Variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Guang-Rui; Huang, Lei; Yu, Cong; Shen, Zhi-Qiang

    2018-02-01

    We have analyzed the multipolar magnetic field structure variation at neutron star surface by means of the catastrophic eruption model and find that the variation of the geometry of multipolar fields on the magnetar surface could result in the catastrophic rearrangement of the magnetosphere, which provides certain physical mechanism for the outburst of giant flares. The magnetospheric model we adopted consists of two assumptions: (1) a helically twisted flux rope is suspended in an ideal force-free magnetosphere around the magnetar, and (2) a current sheet emerges during the flux rope evolution. Magnetic energy accumulates during the flux rope’s gradual evolution along with the variation of magnetar surface magnetic structure before the eruption. The two typical behaviors, either state transition or catastrophic escape, would take place once the flux rope loses equilibrium; thus, tremendous accumulated energy is radiated. We have investigated the equilibrium state of the flux rope and the energy release affected by different multipolar structures and find structures that could trigger violent eruption and provide the radiation approximately 0.5% of the total magnetic energy during the giant flare outburst. Our results provide certain multipolar structures of the neutron star’s magnetic field with an energy release percentage 0.42% in the state transition and 0.51% in the catastrophic escape case, which are sufficient for the previously reported energy release from SGR 1806–20 giant flares.

  16. Boron: Enabling Exciting Metal-Rich Structures and Magnetic Properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheifers, Jan P; Zhang, Yuemei; Fokwa, Boniface P T

    2017-09-19

    Boron's unique chemical properties and its reactions with metals have yielded the large class of metal borides with compositions ranging from the most boron-rich YB 66 (used as monochromator for synchrotron radiation) up to the most metal-rich Nd 2 Fe 14 B (the best permanent magnet to date). The excellent magnetic properties of the latter compound originate from its unique crystal structure to which the presence of boron is essential. In general, knowing the crystal structure of any given extended solid is the prerequisite to understanding its physical properties and eventually predicting new synthetic targets with desirable properties. The ability of boron to form strong chemical bonds with itself and with metallic elements has enabled us to construct new structures with exciting properties. In recent years, we have discovered new boride structures containing some unprecedented boron fragments (trigonal planar B 4 units, planar B 6 rings) and low-dimensional substructures of magnetically active elements (ladders, scaffolds, chains of triangles). The new boride structures have led to new superconducting materials (e.g., NbRuB) and to new itinerant magnetic materials (e.g., Nb 6 Fe 1-x Ir 6+x B 8 ). The study of boride compounds containing chains (Fe-chains in antiferromagnetic Sc 2 FeRu 5 B 2 ), ladders (Fe-ladders in ferromagnetic Ti 9 Fe 2 Rh 18 B 8 ), and chains of triangles (Cr 3 chains in ferrimagnetic and frustrated TiCrIr 2 B 2 ) of magnetically active elements allowed us to gain a deep understanding of the factors (using density functional theory calculations) that can affect magnetic ordering of such low-dimensional magnetic units. We discovered that the magnetic properties of phases containing these magnetic subunits can be drastically tuned by chemical substitution within the metallic nonmagnetic network. For example, the small hysteresis (measure of magnetic energy storage) of Ti 2 FeRh 5 B 2 can be successively increased up to 24-times by gradually

  17. Theoretical analysis of a new, efficient microfluidic magnetic bead separator based on magnetic structures on multiple length scales

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smistrup, Kristian; Bu, Minqiang; Wolff, Anders

    2008-01-01

    We present a theoretical analysis of a new design for microfluidic magnetic bead separation. It combines an external array of mm-sized permanent magnets with magnetization directions alternating between up and down with mu m-sized soft magnetic structures integrated in the bottom of the separatio...

  18. Neutron scattering on magnetic nano-structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ott, F.

    2009-03-01

    The thesis describes measurements of the scrape-off layer (SOL) ion temperature T i with a retarding field analyzer (RFA) in the limiter tokamak Tore Supra. In the first chapter, some well known facts about nuclear fusion, limiter SOL, Langmuir probes, etc. are briefly recalled. Various diagnostics for SOL T i measurements developed in the past are addressed as well. The second chapter is dedicated to the RFA. The principle of the RFA, technical details and operation of the Tore Supra RFA, and the influence of instrumental effects on RFA measurements are addressed. In the third chapter, the experimental results are presented in the form of papers published (or submitted for publication) during the thesis. Some research that was not completed at the time of writing is summarized in the last chapter. Considerable emphasis is placed on study of the instrumental effects of RFAs and their influence on T i measurements. In general, the influence of instrumental effects on T i measurements is found to be relatively small. Selective ion transmission through the RFA slit is found to be responsible for an overestimation of T i by less than 14% even for relatively thick slit plates. The effect of positive space charge inside the analyzer, the influence of the electron repelling grid, the misalignment of the probe head with respect to the magnetic field, and the attenuation of the incident ion current by some of the probe components on T i measurements is negligible. The instrumental study is followed by systematic measurements of T i (as well as other parameters) in the Tore Supra SOL. This includes the scaling of SOL temperatures and electron density with the main plasma parameters (such as the plasma density, toroidal magnetic field, working gas, and the radiated power fraction). Except at very high densities or in detached plasmas, SOL T i is found to be higher than T e by up to a factor of 7. While SOL T i is found to vary by almost two orders of magnitude, following the

  19. Electron vortex magnetic holes: A nonlinear coherent plasma structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haynes, Christopher T., E-mail: c.t.haynes@qmul.ac.uk; Burgess, David; Sundberg, Torbjorn [School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Camporeale, Enrico [Multiscale Dynamics, Centrum Wiskunde and Informatica (CWI), Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2015-01-15

    We report the properties of a novel type of sub-proton scale magnetic hole found in two dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of decaying turbulence with a guide field. The simulations were performed with a realistic value for ion to electron mass ratio. These structures, electron vortex magnetic holes (EVMHs), have circular cross-section. The magnetic field depression is associated with a diamagnetic azimuthal current provided by a population of trapped electrons in petal-like orbits. The trapped electron population provides a mean azimuthal velocity and since trapping preferentially selects high pitch angles, a perpendicular temperature anisotropy. The structures arise out of initial perturbations in the course of the turbulent evolution of the plasma, and are stable over at least 100 electron gyroperiods. We have verified the model for the EVMH by carrying out test particle and PIC simulations of isolated structures in a uniform plasma. It is found that (quasi-)stable structures can be formed provided that there is some initial perpendicular temperature anisotropy at the structure location. The properties of these structures (scale size, trapped population, etc.) are able to explain the observed properties of magnetic holes in the terrestrial plasma sheet. EVMHs may also contribute to turbulence properties, such as intermittency, at short scale lengths in other astrophysical plasmas.

  20. Magnetism of small Cr clusters: Structure, magnetic order and electron correlation effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz Diaz, Pedro; Chavez, Jose Luis Ricardo; Dorantes Davila, Jesus; Pastor, Gustavo [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Kassel (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    The magnetic properties of small Cr{sub N} clusters (N{<=}6) are investigated in the framework of density-functional theory (DFT). The interplay between electron correlations, cluster structure and magnetic order is quantified by performing fully non-collinear spin-unrestricted calculations. Results obtained using the spin-polarized local density approximation (LDA) and the generalized-gradient approximation (GGA) are contrasted. A dimer-based growth pattern is found in all considered low-lying isomers, with very short equilibrium bond lengths (typically d{sub eq}{sup GGA}=1.55-1.65 A) alternating with relative long ones (typically d{sub eq}{sup GGA}=2.75-2.85 A). Strong local magnetic moments vector {mu}{sub i} are obtained for the relaxed geometries which show a collinear magnetic order with antiparallel (parallel) alignment of the vector {mu}{sub i} along the short (long) bonds. Despite quantitative differences, both LDA and GGA functionals yield collinear ground-state solutions for the fully relaxed structures, non-collinear spin arrangements are found only for particular highly symmetric (non dimerized) geometries. The present work demonstrates that the magnetic frustration in compact Cr clusters, is solved by dimerization rather than by non-collinearity of the local moments. Finally, implications of the present trends for the ground-state structure and magnetism of larger Cr{sub N} clusters are discussed.

  1. Wave propagation in a magnetically structured atmosphere. Pt. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roberts, B.

    1981-01-01

    Magnetic fields may introduce structure (inhomogeneity) into an otherwise uniform medium and thus change the nature of wave propagation in that medium. As an example of such structuring, wave propagation in an isolated magnetic slab is considered. It is supposed that disturbances outside the slab are laterally non-propagating. The effect of gravity is ignored. The field can support the propagation of both body and surface waves. The existence and nature of these waves depends upon the relative magnitudes of the sound speed c 0 and Alfven speed upsilonsub(A) inside the slab, and the sound speed csub(e) in the field-free environment. (orig./WL)

  2. Adiabatic cooling processes in frustrated magnetic systems with pyrochlore structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurčišinová, E.; Jurčišin, M.

    2017-11-01

    We investigate in detail the process of adiabatic cooling in the framework of the exactly solvable antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 Ising model in the presence of the external magnetic field on an approximate lattice with pyrochlore structure. The behavior of the entropy of the model is studied and exact values of the residual entropies of all ground states are found. The temperature variation of the system under adiabatic (de)magnetization is investigated and the central role of the macroscopically degenerated ground states in cooling processes is explicitly demonstrated. It is shown that the model parameter space of the studied geometrically frustrated system is divided into five disjunct regions with qualitatively different processes of the adiabatic cooling. The effectiveness of the adiabatic (de)magnetization cooling in the studied model is compared to the corresponding processes in paramagnetic salts. It is shown that the processes of the adiabatic cooling in the antiferromagnetic frustrated systems are much more effective especially in nonzero external magnetic fields. It means that the frustrated magnetic materials with pyrochlore structure can be considered as very promising refrigerants mainly in the situations with nonzero final values of the magnetic field.

  3. Magnetic properties and structure of Gd-Ti-Ge intermetallic compound with nanocrystalline structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korznikova, G.F.; Mulyukov, Kh.Ya.; Nikitin, S.A.; Ovchenkova, Yu.A.

    2001-01-01

    The magnetization processes and structure of the Gd-Ti-Ge compound at the initial coarse-grained and nanostructural state obtained by torsion under quasi-hydrostatic pressure are experimentally studied. It is established that magnetic ordering temperature in the nanocrystalline sample is by 30 K lower, coercion force by 8 times higher and magnetization by 3.7 times lesser than in the coarse-grained sample. It is shown that changes in the magnetic properties identified are connected first of all with the transformation of the part of the initial phase with the CeScSi-type lattice into the slightly magnetic phase with the CeFeSi-type lattice. The effect of structural defects and partial disordering on the compound magnetic characteristics is also discussed [ru

  4. Microstructure characterization and magnetic properties of nano structured materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun, X.C.

    2000-01-01

    The present thesis deals with the unique microstructural properties and their novel magnetic properties of core-shell Ni-Ce nano composite particles, carbon encapsulated Fe, Co, and Ni nanoparticles and the nano crystallization behavior of typical ferromagnetic Fe 78 Si 9 B 13 ribbons. These properties have intensively been investigated by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HREM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (Sem), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (Eds.); selected area electron diffraction pattern (SAED), Ft-IR, differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). In addition, magnetic moments measurements at different temperatures and applied fields have been performed by transmission Moessbauer spectroscopy, superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer (SQUID), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The present studies may provide the insights for the better understanding of the correlation between the unique microstructure and novel magnetic properties for several magnetic nano structured materials. (Author)

  5. Microstructure characterization and magnetic properties of nano structured materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, X.C

    2000-07-01

    The present thesis deals with the unique microstructural properties and their novel magnetic properties of core-shell Ni-Ce nano composite particles, carbon encapsulated Fe, Co, and Ni nanoparticles and the nano crystallization behavior of typical ferromagnetic Fe{sub 78}Si{sub 9}B{sub 13} ribbons. These properties have intensively been investigated by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HREM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (Sem), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy [eds.]; selected area electron diffraction pattern (SAED), Ft-IR, differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). In addition, magnetic moments measurements at different temperatures and applied fields have been performed by transmission Moessbauer spectroscopy, superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer (SQUID), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The present studies may provide the insights for the better understanding of the correlation between the unique microstructure and novel magnetic properties for several magnetic nano structured materials. (Author)

  6. Structure and magnetic properties of colossal magnetoresistance ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of tolerance factor t for the perovskite structure explained in terms of the average ionic size (rR) at La site. Due to La site substitution, a decrease in (rR) reduces the transition temperature Tc. Within the framework of DE interactions, the effective eg electron transfer between Co3+ and Co4+ ions is given by t0 cos(θ/2) where ...

  7. Electromagnetic waves reflection, transmission and absorption by graphene - magnetic semiconductor - graphene sandwich-structure in magnetic field: Faraday geometry

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzmin, Dmitry A.; Bychkov, Igor V.; Shavrov, Vladimir G.

    2014-01-01

    Electrodynamic properties of the graphene - magnetic semiconductor - graphene sandwich-structure have been investigated theoretically with taking into account the dissipation processes. Influence of graphene layers on electromagnetic waves propagation in graphene - semi-infinte magnetic semiconductor and graphene - magnetic semiconductor - graphene sandwich-structure has been analyzed. Frequency and field dependences of the reflectance, transmittance and absorbtance of electromagnetic waves b...

  8. Magnetic structure of the spin valve interface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nicholson, D.M.C.; Butler, W.H.; Zhang, X.; MacLaren, J.M.; Gurney, B.A.; Speriosu, V.S.

    1994-01-01

    Nonferromagnetic atoms present at Ni/Cu and Permalloy/Cu interfaces in sputtered spin valve magnetoresistive layered structures have been shown to cause reduced magnetoresistance. Here we show that a model in which the moments on the Ni atoms in the interfacial region of Ni/Cu are reduced substantially by interdiffusion with Cu is consistent with the experimental results. In contrast, we believe that moments persist at the permalloy/Cu interface, which first principle total energy calculations suggest will be disordered at finite temperatures. These reduced or disordered moments are expected to significantly reduce the GMR

  9. Pulsating jet-like structures in magnetized plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncharov, V. P. [A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics RAS, 109017 Moscow (Russian Federation); Pavlov, V. I. [UFR des Mathématiques Pures et Appliquées, Univ. Lille, CNRS FRE 3723 - LML, F-59000 Lille (France)

    2016-08-15

    The formation of pulsating jet-like structures has been studied in the scope of the nonhydrostatic model of a magnetized plasma with horizontally nonuniform density. We discuss two mechanisms which are capable of stopping the gravitational spreading appearing to grace the Rayleigh-Taylor instability and to lead to the formation of stationary or oscillating localized structures. One of them is caused by the Coriolis effect in the rotating frames, and another is connected with the Lorentz effect for magnetized fluids. Magnetized jets/drops with a positive buoyancy must oscillate in transversal size and can manifest themselves as “radio pulsars.” The estimates of their frequencies are made for conditions typical for the neutron star's ocean.

  10. Structural, dielectric, magnetic, and nuclear magnetic resonance studies of multiferroic Y-type hexaferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanduri, H.; Chandra Dimri, M.; Kooskora, H.; Heinmaa, I.; Viola, G.; Ning, H.; Reece, M. J.; Krustok, J.; Stern, R.

    2012-10-01

    The effect of strontium substitution on structural, magnetic, and dielectric properties of a multiferroic Y-type hexaferrite (chemical formula Ba2-xSrxMg2Fe12O22 with 0 ≤ x ≤ 2) was investigated. Y-type hexaferrite phase formation was not affected by strontium substitution for barium, in the range 0 ≤ x ≤ 1.5, confirmed by x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy measured at room temperature. Two intermediate magnetic spin phase transitions (at tempertures TI and TII) and a ferrimagnetic-paramagnetic transition (at Curie temperature TC) were identified from the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility. Magnetic transition temperatures (TI, TII, and TC) increased with increasing strontium content. Magnetic hysteresis measurements indicated that by increasing strontium concentration, the coercivity increases, while the saturation magnetization decreases. The 57Fe NMR spectrum of the Y-type hexaferrite measured at 5 K and in zero magnetic field showed remarkable differences compared to that of other hexaferrites due to their different number of tetrahedral and octahedral iron sites. The temperature and frequency dependence of the dielectric permittivity evidenced broad peaks with frequency dispersion in correspondence of the Curie temperature.

  11. Temperature dependency of silicon structures for magnetic field gradient sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabsch, Alexander; Rosenberg, Christoph; Stifter, Michael; Keplinger, Franz

    2018-02-01

    This work describes the temperature dependence of two sensors for magnetic field gradient sensors and demonstrates a structure to compensate for the drift of resonance frequency over a wide temperature range. The temperature effect of the sensing element is based on internal stresses induced by the thermal expansion of material, therefore FEM is used to determine the change of the eigenvalues of the sensing structure. The experimental setup utilizes a Helmholtz coil system to generate the magnetic field and to excite the MEMS structure with Lorentz forces. The MEMS structure is placed on a plate heated with resistors and cooled by a Peltier element to control the plate temperature. In the second part, we describe how one can exploit temperature sensitivity for temperature measurements and we show the opportunity to include the temperature effect to increase the sensitivity of single-crystal silicon made flux density gradient sensors.

  12. Low temperature magnetic structure of MnSe

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. In this paper we report low temperature neutron diffraction studies on MnSe in order to understand the anomalous behaviour of their magnetic and transport prop- erties. Our study indicates that at low temperatures MnSe has two coexisting crystal structures, high temperature NaCl and hexagonal NiAs. NiAs phase ...

  13. Structural looseness investigation in slow rotating permanent magnet generators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skrimpas, Georgios Alexandros; Mijatovic, Nenad; Sweeney, Christian Walsted

    2016-01-01

    Structural looseness in electric machines is a condition influencing the alignment of the machine and thus the overall bearing health. In this work, assessment of the above mentioned failure mode is tested on a slow rotating (running speed equal to 0.7Hz) permanent magnet generator (PMG), while...

  14. Effect of heat treatment on structure and magnetic properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wintec

    Abstract. Fe46Co35Ni19/CNTs nanocomposites have been prepared by an easy two-step route including adsorp- tion and heat treatment processes. We investigated the effect of heat treatment conditions on structure, mor- phology, nanoparticle sizes and magnetic properties of the Fe46Co35Ni19 alloy nanoparticles ...

  15. Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of La1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-08-26

    Aug 26, 2016 ... Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 38; Issue 7. Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of La1−NaMnO3 ( ≤ ) nanoparticles produced by the solution combustion method. C O Ehi-Eromosele B I Ita K O Ajanaku A Edobor-Osoh O Aladesuyi S A Adalikwu F E Ehi- ...

  16. Observations of Solitary Structures in a Magnetized, Plasma Loaded Waveguide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynov, Jens-Peter; Michelsen, Poul; Pécseli, Hans

    1979-01-01

    Two types of solitary structure were investigated experimentally and numerically in a magnetized, plasma-loaded waveguide. One was identified as an ordinary KdV soliton and its properties were investigated with particular attention to the damping by resonant particles. The other type of pulse was...

  17. Structural, magnetic and photocatalytic characterization of Bi1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 40; Issue 1. Structural, magnetic and photocatalytic characterization of Bi 1 − x La x FeO 3 nanoparticles synthesized by thermal decomposition method. S M MASOUDPANAH S M MIRKAZEMI R BAGHERIYEH F JABBARI F BAYAT. Volume 40 Issue 1 February 2017 pp ...

  18. The structural and magnetic properties of holmium/scandium superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryn-Jacobsen, C.; Cowley, R.A.; McMorrow, D.F.

    1997-01-01

    The properties of Ho/Sc superlattices grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) have been investigated using X-ray and neutron diffraction techniques. Structural studies reveal the novel existence of more than one a lattice parameter. Examining the magnetic properties, it is found that the Ho 4f...

  19. Synthesis, structure, thermal, transport and magnetic properties of VN ceramics

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Huber, Š.; Jankovský, O.; Sedmidubský, D.; Luxa, J.; Klimová, K.; Hejtmánek, Jiří; Sofer, Z.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 42, č. 16 (2016), s. 18779-18784 ISSN 0272-8842 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-20507S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : vanadium mononitride * phase transition * electronic structure * heat capacity * transport properties Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.986, year: 2016

  20. Size Induced Structural and Magnetic Properties of Nanostructured ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Their structural and magnetic properties were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) measurements. The average crystallite size of CoFe2O4was observed to increase from 23 to 65 nm as the annealing temperature was increased from ...

  1. Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of La1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 38; Issue 7. Structural, morphological and magnetic properties of La1−NaMnO3 ( ≤ ) nanoparticles produced by the solution combustion method. C O Ehi-Eromosele B I Ita K O Ajanaku A Edobor-Osoh O Aladesuyi S A Adalikwu F E Ehi-Eromosele. Volume 38 ...

  2. Structural and magnetic characterization of YIG particles prepared using microemulsions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teijeiro, A.G.; Baldomir, D.; Rivas, J.; Paz, S.; Vaqueiro, P.; Lopez Quintela, A.

    1995-01-01

    Yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG) particles have been synthesized using the microemulsion technique. A comparison of ferrite powders obtained by this method and those prepared by sol-gel and solid state reactions is reported. We have studied both the magnetic and structural properties and have found a dependence on annealing temperatures. ((orig.))

  3. Structural and electronic properties of non-magnetic intermetallic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. The structural and electronic properties of non-magnetic intermetallic YAuX (X = Ge and Si) crys- tallized in hexagonal phase have been investigated using the full potential linearized augmented-plane wave (FP-. LAPW) method based on the density functional theory (DFT), within the generalized gradient ...

  4. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of MnB2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of MnB2 ... University, Rabat, Morocco; Institut Néel, CNRS et Université Joseph Fourier, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, France; Institute of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies, MAScIR, Rabat, Morocco; Hassan II Academy of Science and Technology, Rabat, Morocco ...

  5. Structure and magnetic properties of Zr–Mn substituted strontium ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 39; Issue 5. Structure and magnetic properties of Zr–Mn substituted strontium hexaferrite Sr(Zr,Mn) x Fe 12 − 2 x O 19 nanoparticles synthesized by sol–gel auto-combustion method. S ALAMOLHODA S M MIRKAZEMI Z GHIAMI M NIYAIFAR. Volume 39 Issue 5 ...

  6. Effect of alloying on the electronic structure and magnetic properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 26; Issue 1. Effect of alloying on the electronic structure and magnetic properties of Fe, Co and Ni with Au and Ag. Ashish Bhattacharjee Mesbahuddin Ahmed Abhijit Mookerjee Amal Halder. Volume 26 Issue 1 January 2003 pp 199-205 ...

  7. Effect of heat treatment on structure and magnetic properties

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fe46Co35Ni19/CNTs nanocomposites have been prepared by an easy two-step route including adsorption and heat treatment processes. We investigated the effect of heat treatment conditions on structure, morphology, nanoparticle sizes and magnetic properties of the Fe46Co35Ni19 alloy nanoparticles attached on the ...

  8. Low temperature magnetic structure of MnSe

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    structures, high temperature NaCl and hexagonal NiAs. NiAs phase appears below 266 ... MnS and MnSe the stable crystal structure is a cubic NaCl type and these are wide gap insulators [3–5]. On the other ... Variation of cell parameters and the magnetic moment per Mn ion as a function of temperature for both cubic and ...

  9. Structural design of superconducting magnets for the large coil program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gray, W.H.; Long, C.J.; Stoddart, W.C.T.

    1979-09-01

    The Large Coil Program (LCP) is a research, development, and demonstration effort specifically for the advancement of the technologies involved in the production of large superconducting magnets. This paper presents a review of the status of the structural designs, analysis methods, and verification tests being performed by the participating LCP design teams in the USA, Switzerland, Japan, and the Federal Republic of Germany. The significant structural mechanics concerns that are being investigated with the LCP are presented

  10. Hybrid Spintronic Structures With Magnetic Oxides and Heusler Alloys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Y. B.; Hassan, S. S. A.; Wong, P. K. J.

    2008-01-01

    Hybrid spintronic structures, integrating half-metallic magnetic oxides and Heusler alloys with their predicted high spin polarization, are important for the development of second-generation spintronics with high-efficient spin injection. We have synthesized epitaxial magnetic oxide Fe3O4 on Ga......As(100) and the unit cell of the Fe3O4 was found to be rotated by 45 degrees to match the gallium arsenide GaAs. The films were found to have a bulk-like moment down to 3-4 nm and a low coercivity indicating a high-quality magnetic interface. The magnetization hysteresis loops of the ultrathin films...... are controlled by uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. The dynamic response of the sample shows a heavily damped precessional response to the applied field pulses. In the Heusler alloy system of Co-2 MnGa on GaAs, we found that the magnetic moment was reduced for thicknesses down to 10 nm, which may account...

  11. Magnetic and Structural Investigations of Nanocrystalline Cobalt-Ferrite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Sharifi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Cobalt ferrite is an important magnetic material due to their large magneto-crystalline anisotropy, high cohercivity, moderate saturation magnetization and chemical stability.In this study, cobalt ferrites Nanoparticles have been synthesized by the co-precipitation method and a new microemulsion route. We examined the cation occupancy in the spinel structure based on the “Rietveld with energies” method. The Xray measurements revealed the production of a broad single ferrite cubic phase with the average particle sizes of about 12 nm and 7nm, for co-precipitation and micro-emulsion methods, respectively. The FTIR measurements between 400 and 4000 cm-1 confirmed the intrinsic cation vibrations of the spinelstructure for the two methods. Furthermore, the Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM was carried out at room temperature to study the structural and magnetic properties. The results revealed that by changing the method from co-precipitation to the reverse micelle the material exhibits a softer magnetic behavior in such a way that both saturation magnetization and coercivity decrease from 58 to 29 emu/g and from 286 to 25 Oe, respectively.

  12. COMPASS magnetic field coils and structure systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crossland, R.T.; Booth, J.A.; Hayward, R.J.; Keogh, P.; Pratt, A.P.

    1987-01-01

    COMPASS is a new experimental toroidal assembly of compact design and with a wide range of physics objectives. It is required to operate either as a Tokamak or as a Reversed Field Pinch with interchangeable circular and dee-section vacuum vessels. The Toroidal field is produced by 16 rectangular coils of 4 turns with tapered conductors on the inside which nest together to form a vault to resist the centering forces. The coils are designed to produce a maximum field on axis of 2.1T which requires a current of 91 kA per turn. Two central solenoids and five pairs of coils symmetrically positioned above and below the machine equator provide the poloidal field. Both coil systems are supported form a mechanical support structure which surrounds the machine. This is primarily designed to resist out-of-plane forces on the TF coils but also acts as the base support for the PF coils and vacuum vessels. An illustration of the COMPASS Load Assembly is given and shows the D-shaped vacuum vessel, the major components and the various field windings

  13. Magnetic field effects on charge structure factors of gapped graphene structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezania, Hamed; Tawoose, Nasrin

    2018-02-01

    We present the behaviors of dynamical and static charge susceptibilities of undoped gapped graphene using the Green's function approach in the context of tight binding model Hamiltonian. Specially, the effects of magnetic field on the plasmon modes of gapped graphene structure are investigated via calculating correlation function of charge density operators. Our results show the increase of magnetic field leads to disappear high frequency plasmon mode for gapped case. We also show that low frequency plasmon mode has not affected by increase of magnetic field and chemical potential. Finally the temperature dependence of static charge structure factor of gapp graphene structure is studied. The effects of both magnetic field and gap parameter on the static structure factor are discusses in details.

  14. Ulysses Data Analysis: Magnetic Topology of Heliospheric Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crooker, Nancy

    2001-01-01

    In this final technical report on research funded by a NASA grant, a project overview is given by way of summaries on nine published papers. Research has included: 1) Using suprathermal electron data to study heliospheric magnetic structures; 2) Analysis of magnetic clouds, coronal mass ejections (CME), and the heliospheric current sheet (HCS); 3) Analysis of the corotating interaction region (CIR) which develop from interactions between solar wind streams of different velocities; 4) Use of Ulysses data in the interpretation of heliospheric events and phenomena.

  15. The inner topological structure and defect control of magnetic skyrmions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Ji-Rong; Yu, Zhong-Xi

    2017-10-01

    We prove that the integrand of magnetic skyrmions can be expressed as curvature tensor of Wu-Yang potential. Taking the projection of the normalized magnetization vector on the 2-dim material surface, and according to Duan's decomposition theory of gauge potential, we reveal that every single skyrmion is just characterized by Hopf index and Brouwer degree at the zero point of this vector field. Our theory meet the results that experimental physicists have achieved by many technologies. The inner topological structure expression of skyrmion with Hopf index and Brouwer degree will be indispensable mathematical basis of skyrmion logic gates.

  16. Spin flexoelectricity and chiral spin structures in magnetic films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyatakov, A. P.; Sergeev, A. S.; Mikailzade, F. A.; Zvezdin, A. K.

    2015-06-01

    In this short review a broad range of chiral phenomena observed in magnetic films (spin cycloid and skyrmion structures formation as well as chirality dependent domain wall motion) is considered under the perspective of spin flexoelectricity, i.e. the relation between bending of magnetization pattern and electric polarization. The similarity and the difference between the spin flexoelectricity and the newly emerged notion of spin flexomagnetism are discussed. The phenomenological arguments based on the geometrical idea of curvature-induced effects are supported by analysis of the microscopic mechanisms of spin flexoelectricity based on three-site ion indirect exchange and twisted RKKY interaction models.

  17. Mossbauer analysis of the atomic and magnetic structure of alloys

    CERN Document Server

    Ovchinnikov, VV

    2007-01-01

    The monograph indicates the key problems that have to be solved for the further development of the Mössbauer methods for analysis of the nuclear and magnetic structure of alloys, and offer solution variants for some of these problems based on the generalised results of a wide range of theoretical and experimental investigations,including original work by the author of the book and his colleagues. Contents 1. Description of the nature of the Mössbauer effect 2. Interpretation of the ossbauer spectra of alloys 3.Electrical and magnetics hyperfine interactions of resonant nuclei in metals and

  18. Crystal and magnetic structures of hexagonal YMnO3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Christopher J; Campbell, Branton J; Stokes, Harold T; Carpenter, Michael A; Thomson, Richard I

    2013-12-01

    The available data on the structural and magnetic transitions in multiferroic hexagonal YMnO3 have been reviewed, first making use of the computer programs from the group theoretical ISOTROPY software suite to list possible crystal and magnetic structures, then taking into account the capability of neutron diffraction and other physical methods to distinguish them. This leads to a clear view of the transformation sequence, as follows. Hexagonal YMnO3 is paraelectric in P63/mmc at elevated temperatures, and undergoes a single structural transition on cooling through 1250 K to a ferrielectric phase in P63cm that is retained through room temperature. At a much lower temperature, 70 K, there is a magnetic transition from paramagnetic to a triangular antiferromagnetic arrangement, most likely with symmetry P63'cm'. Comment is made on the unusual coupling of ferroelectric and magnetic domains reported to occur in this material, as well as on the so-called `giant magneto-elastic' effect.

  19. Crystal structure and magnetism of UOsAl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andreev, A.V., E-mail: andreev@fzu.cz [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague (Czech Republic); Daniš, S. [Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16 Prague (Czech Republic); Šebek, J.; Henriques, M.S.; Vejpravová, J. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague (Czech Republic); Gorbunov, D.I. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague (Czech Republic); Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory (HLD-EMFL), Helmholtz-Zentrum, Dresden-Rossendorf, D-01314 Dresden (Germany); Havela, L. [Department of Condensed Matter Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16 Prague (Czech Republic)

    2017-04-15

    Crystal structure, magnetization, and specific heat were studied on single crystal of uranium intermetallic compound UOsAl. It is a hexagonal Laves phase of MgZn{sub 2} type, space group P6{sub 3}/mmc, with lattice parameters a=536.4 pm, c=845.3 pm. Shortest inter-uranium distance 313 pm (along the c-axis) is considerably smaller than the Hill limit (340 pm). The compound is a weakly temperature-dependent paramagnet with magnetic susceptibility of ≈1.5*10{sup −8} m{sup 3} mol{sup −1} (at T=2 K), which is slightly higher with magnetic field along the a-axis compared to the c-axis. The Sommerfeld coefficient of electronic specific heat has moderate value of γ=36 mJ mol{sup −1} K{sup −2}. - Highlights: • Crystal structure and magnetic properties were studied on single crystal of UOsAl with hexagonal structure of MgZn{sub 2} type. • Shortest inter-uranium distance 313 pm (along the c-axis) is considerably smaller than the Hill limit (340 pm). • UOsAl has paramagnetic ground state as the compounds with T=Fe and Ru, i.e. 3d and 4d analogues of Os.

  20. Structure effects on the magnetism of AgCo nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crisan, O.; Angelakeris, M.; Simeonidis, K.; Kehagias, Th.; Komninou, Ph.; Giersig, M.; Flevaris, N.K.

    2006-01-01

    Fabrication by colloidal chemistry and an extended structural and magnetic investigation are reported for AgCo bimetallic colloidal nanoparticles using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry. The AgCo nanoparticles exhibit a core-shell structure, with a face-centred cubic Ag core and a hexagonal close-packed Co (either complete or partial) shell. A bimodal size distribution of superparamagnetic (SPM) nanoparticles together with a small fraction of nanoparticles ferromagnetic at room temperature has been determined and their influence on magnetic properties is discussed. The arrays of self-assembled nanoparticles exhibit a lack of saturation of magnetisation and typical SPM behaviour. The annealing of the arrays greatly enhances the ferromagnetic character of the samples. Finally, the observed magnetic behaviour of the AgCo nanoparticles is correlated with surface spin disorder induced by the particular structural features of the sample, high fraction of magnetic atoms in surface states and finite-size effects

  1. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of zigzag blue phosphorene nanoribbons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Tao; Hong, Jisang, E-mail: hongj@pknu.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-08-07

    We investigated the electronic structure and magnetism of zigzag blue phosphorene nanoribbons (ZBPNRs) using first principles density functional theory calculations by changing the widths of ZBPNRs from 1.5 to 5 nm. In addition, the effect of H and O passivation was explored as well. The ZBPNRs displayed intra-edge antiferromagnetic ground state with a semiconducting band gap of ∼0.35 eV; and this was insensitive to the edge structure relaxation effect. However, the edge magnetism of ZBPNRs disappeared with H-passivation. Moreover, the band gap of H-passivated ZBPNRs was greatly enhanced because the calculated band gap was ∼1.77 eV, and this was almost the same as that of two-dimensional blue phosphorene layer. For O-passivated ZBPNRs, we also found an intra-edge antiferromagnetic state. Besides, both unpassivated and O-passivated ZBPNRs preserved almost the same band gap. We predict that the electronic band structure and magnetic properties can be controlled by means of passivation. Moreover, the edge magnetism can be also modulated by the strain. Nonetheless, the intrinsic physical properties are size independent. This feature can be an advantage for device applications because it may not be necessary to precisely control the width of the nanoribbon.

  2. TWO DIMENTIONAL STATIC MAGNETIC ANALYSIS OF RADIAL MAGNETIC BEARING SYSTEMS WITH DIFFERENT STRUCTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf ÖNER

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The friction loss of electrical machines is an important problem as like in other rotary machines. In addition, the bearings, where the friction losses occur, also require lubrication at periodic intervals and need to be maintained. In this study, to minimize the friction loss of electrical motor, two dimentional static magnetic analysis of radial magnetic bearing systems with different structures are performed and compared with each other; also, magnetic bearing system with four-pole is realized and applied to an induction motor. In simulation, the forces applied to the rotor of induction motor from designed magnetic bearing system are calculated in a computer by using FEMM software package. In application, when comparing designed magnetic bearing system with mechanical bearings up to the revolution of 350 rpm, it was observed that the loss of no-load operating condition of induction motor is decreased about 15 % with magnetic bearing system. In addition to this, mechanical noisy of the motor is also decreased considerably.

  3. Synthesis, structural and magnetic characterization of soft magnetic nanocrystalline ternary FeNiCo particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toparli, Cigdem [Department of Metallurgical & Materials Eng., Istanbul Technical University, 34469 Istanbul (Turkey); Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf (Germany); Ebin, Burçak [Department of Metallurgical & Materials Eng., Istanbul Technical University, 34469 Istanbul (Turkey); Nuclear Chemistry and Industrial Material Recycling, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, S-412 96 Gothenburg (Sweden); Gürmen, Sebahattin, E-mail: gurmen@itu.edu.tr [Department of Metallurgical & Materials Eng., Istanbul Technical University, 34469 Istanbul (Turkey)

    2017-02-01

    The present study focuses on the synthesis, microstructural and magnetic properties of ternary FeNiCo nanoparticles. Nanocrystalline ternary FeNiCo particles were synthesized via hydrogen reduction assisted ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method in single step. The effect of precursor concentration on the morphology and the size of particles was investigated. The syntheses were performed at 800 °C. Structure, morphology and magnetic properties of the as-prepared products were characterized through X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) studies. Scherer calculation revealed that crystallite size of the ternary particles ranged between 36 and 60 nm. SEM and TEM investigations showed that the particle size was strongly influenced by the precursor concentration and Fe, Ni, Co elemental composition of individual particles was homogeneous. Finally, the soft magnetic properties of the particles were observed to be a function of their size. - Highlights: • Ternary FeNiCo alloy nanocrystalline particles were synthesized in a single step. • Cubic crystalline structure and spherical morphology was observed by XRD, SEM and TEM investigations. • The analysis of magnetic properties indicates the soft magnetic features of particles.

  4. Magnetic apatite for structural insights on the plasma membrane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanca, Sarmiza E; Müller, Robert; Dellith, Jan; Nietzsche, Sandor; Stöckel, Stephan; Biskup, Christoph; Deckert, Volker; Krafft, Christoph; Popp, Jürgen; Fritzsche, Wolfgang

    2015-01-21

    The iron oxide-hydroxyapatite (FeOxHA) nanoparticles reported here differ from those reported before by their advantage of homogeneity and simple preparation; moreover, the presence of carboxymethyldextran (CMD), together with hydroxyapatite (HA), allows access to the cellular membrane, which makes our magnetic apatite unique. These nanoparticles combine magnetic behavior, Raman label ability and the property of interaction with the cellular membrane; they therefore represent an interesting material for structural differentiation of the cell membrane. It was observed by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fluorescence microscopy that FeOxHA adheres to the plasma membrane and does not penetrate the membrane. These insights make the nanoparticles a promising material for magnetic cell sorting, e.g. in microfluidic device applications.

  5. Crystal structure and magnetism of UOsAl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreev, A. V.; Daniš, S.; Šebek, J.; Henriques, M. S.; Vejpravová, J.; Gorbunov, D. I.; Havela, L.

    2017-04-01

    Crystal structure, magnetization, and specific heat were studied on single crystal of uranium intermetallic compound UOsAl. It is a hexagonal Laves phase of MgZn2 type, space group P63/mmc, with lattice parameters a=536.4 pm, c=845.3 pm. Shortest inter-uranium distance 313 pm (along the c-axis) is considerably smaller than the Hill limit (340 pm). The compound is a weakly temperature-dependent paramagnet with magnetic susceptibility of ≈1.5*10-8 m3 mol-1 (at T=2 K), which is slightly higher with magnetic field along the a-axis compared to the c-axis. The Sommerfeld coefficient of electronic specific heat has moderate value of γ=36 mJ mol-1 K-2.

  6. New trend for synthesizing of magnetic nanorods with titanomaghemite structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saber, Osama, E-mail: osmohamed@kfu.edu.sa [Faculty of Science, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 400, Al-Hassa 31982 (Saudi Arabia); Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Nasr City, P.O. Box 11727, Cairo (Egypt)

    2016-07-15

    This research aims at developing magnetic and optical materials through fabrication of uniform nanorods by facile and novel technique. In this trend, titanium and iron were successfully combined together forming nanorods without template or high temperature by urea hydrolysis. TEM images showed uniform and homogeneous nanorods with dimensions; 10 nm in width and 50 nm in length. In the same time, fine nanoparticles were observed around the nanorods. With further treatment for the nanorods at high temperature and pressure, FESEM images revealed that the dimensions of the rods slightly increased to be 70 nm in length and 12 nm in width with a complete disappearance of the nanoparticles. Using X-ray diffraction, thermal analyses and infrared spectra in addition to the results of the electron microscopy, the oriented attachment mechanism was suggested for the formation of titanium iron oxides nanorods. The magnetic measurements revealed that the prepared nanorods possess ferromagnetic behavior and exhibit high saturation magnetization. Also, the optical properties showed that the nanorods have high absorption in the visible region and possess low band gap energy. Finally, we concluded that it is probably the first time to prepare nanorods by urea hydrolysis. The advanced optical and magnetic properties give the prepared nanorods relevance to use as building blocks in functional nanoscale devices. - Graphical abstract: The present study has a dual aim for developing new and facile method for fabrication of nanorods containing titanomaghemite structure and improving their optical and magnetic properties - Highlights: • Synthesis of titanium iron oxides nanorods with titanomaghemite structure. • Using urea hydrolysis for preparation of nanorods. • Studying of the effect of pressure and temperature on the nanorods. • Enhancement of the magnetic properties of the nanorods in comparison with the nanoparticles. • Improvement of the optical properties of the nanorods

  7. Low-degree Structure in Mercury's Planetary Magnetic Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Brian J.; Johnson, Catherine L.; Korth, Haje; Winslow, Reka M.; Borovsky, Joseph E.; Purucker, Michael E.; Slavin, James A.; Solomon, Sean C.; Zuber, Maria T.; McNutt, Ralph L. Jr.

    2012-01-01

    The structure of Mercury's internal magnetic field has been determined from analysis of orbital Magnetometer measurements by the MESSENGER spacecraft. We identified the magnetic equator on 531 low-altitude and 120 high-altitude equator crossings from the zero in the radial cylindrical magnetic field component, Beta (sub rho). The low-altitude crossings are offset 479 +/- 6 km northward, indicating an offset of the planetary dipole. The tilt of the magnetic pole relative to the planetary spin axis is less than 0.8 deg.. The high-altitude crossings yield a northward offset of the magnetic equator of 486 +/- 74 km. A field with only nonzero dipole and octupole coefficients also matches the low-altitude observations but cannot yield off-equatorial Beta (sub rho) = 0 at radial distances greater than 3520 km. We compared offset dipole and other descriptions of the field with vector field observations below 600 km for 13 longitudinally distributed, magnetically quiet orbits. An offset dipole with southward directed moment of 190 nT-R-cube (sub M) yields root-mean-square (RMS) residuals below 14 nT, whereas a field with only dipole and octupole terms tuned to match the polar field and the low-altitude magnetic equator crossings yields RMS residuals up to 68 nT. Attributing the residuals from the offset-dipole field to axial degree 3 and 4 contributions we estimate that the Gauss coefficient magnitudes for the additional terms are less than 4% and 7%, respectively, relative to the dipole. The axial alignment and prominent quadrupole are consistent with a non-convecting layer above a deep dynamo in Mercury's fluid outer core.

  8. Magnetic field structure of experimental high beta tokamak equilibria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deniz, A.V.

    1986-01-01

    The magnetic field structure of several low and high β tokamaks in the Columbia High Beta Tokamak (HBT) was determined by high-impedance internal magnetic probes. From the measurement of the magnetic field, the poloidal flux, toroidal flux, toroidal current, and safety factor are calculated. In addition, the plasma position and cross-sectional shape are determined. The extent of the perturbation of the plasma by the probe was investigated and was found to be acceptably small. The tokamaks have major radii of approx.0.24 m, minor radii of approx.0.05 m, toroidal plasma current densities of approx.10 6 A/m 2 , and line-integrated electron densities of approx.10 20 m -2 . The major difference between the low and high β tokamaks is that the high β tokamak was observed to have an outward shift in major radius of both the magnetic center and peak of the toroidal current density. The magnetic center moves inward in major radius after 20 to 30 μsec, presumably because the plasma maintains major radial equilibrium as its pressure decreases from radiation due to impurity atoms. Both the equilibrium and the production of these tokamaks from a toroidal field stabilized z-pinch are modeled computationally. One tokamak evolves from a state with low β features, through a possibly unstable state, to a state with high β features

  9. Unexpected structural and magnetic depth dependence of YIG thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, J. F. K.; Kinane, C. J.; Langridge, S.; Ali, M.; Hickey, B. J.; Niizeki, T.; Uchida, K.; Saitoh, E.; Ambaye, H.; Glavic, A.

    2017-09-01

    We report measurements on yttrium iron garnet (YIG) thin films grown on both gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG) and yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) substrates, with and without thin Pt top layers. We provide three principal results: the observation of an interfacial region at the Pt/YIG interface, we place a limit on the induced magnetism of the Pt layer, and confirm the existence of an interfacial layer at the GGG/YIG interface. Polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) was used to give depth dependence of both the structure and magnetism of these structures. We find that a thin film of YIG on GGG is best described by three distinct layers: an interfacial layer near the GGG, around 5 nm thick and nonmagnetic, a magnetic "bulk" phase, and a nonmagnetic and compositionally distinct thin layer near the surface. We theorize that the bottom layer, which is independent of the film thickness, is caused by Gd diffusion. The top layer is likely to be extremely important in inverse spin Hall effect measurements, and is most likely Y2O3 or very similar. Magnetic sensitivity in the PNR to any induced moment in the Pt is increased by the existence of the Y2O3 layer; any moment is found to be less than 0.02 μB/atom .

  10. Tripolar electric field Structure in guide field magnetic reconnection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Song; Huang, Shiyong; Zhou, Meng; Ni, Binbin; Deng, Xiaohua

    2018-03-01

    It has been shown that the guide field substantially modifies the structure of the reconnection layer. For instance, the Hall magnetic and electric fields are distorted in guide field reconnection compared to reconnection without guide fields (i.e., anti-parallel reconnection). In this paper, we performed 2.5-D electromagnetic full particle simulation to study the electric field structures in magnetic reconnection under different initial guide fields (Bg). Once the amplitude of a guide field exceeds 0.3 times the asymptotic magnetic field B0, the traditional bipolar Hall electric field is clearly replaced by a tripolar electric field, which consists of a newly emerged electric field and the bipolar Hall electric field. The newly emerged electric field is a convective electric field about one ion inertial length away from the neutral sheet. It arises from the disappearance of the Hall electric field due to the substantial modification of the magnetic field and electric current by the imposed guide field. The peak magnitude of this new electric field increases linearly with the increment of guide field strength. Possible applications of these results to space observations are also discussed.

  11. The structural and magnetic properties of dual phase cobalt ferrite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gore, Shyam K; Jadhav, Santosh S; Jadhav, Vijaykumar V; Patange, S M; Naushad, Mu; Mane, Rajaram S; Kim, Kwang Ho

    2017-05-31

    The bismuth (Bi 3+ )-doped cobalt ferrite nanostructures with dual phase, i.e. cubic spinel with space group Fd3m and perovskite with space group R3c, have been successfully engineered via self-ignited sol-gel combustion route. To obtain information about the phase analysis and structural parameters, like lattice constant, Rietveld refinement process is applied. The replacement of divalent Co 2+ by trivalent Bi 3+ cations have been confirmed from energy dispersive analysis of the ferrite samples. The micro-structural evolution of cobalt ferrite powders at room temperature under various Bi 3+ doping levels have been identified from the digital photoimages recorded using scanning electron microscopy. The hyperfine interactions, like isomer shift, quadrupole splitting and magnetic hyperfine fields, and cation distribution are confirmed from the Mossbauer spectra. Saturation magnetization is increased with Bi 3+ -addition up to x = 0.15 and then is decreased when x = 0.2. The coercivity is increased from 1457 to 2277 G with increasing Bi 3+ -doping level. The saturation magnetization, coercivity and remanent ratio for x = 0.15 sample is found to be the highest, indicating the potential of Bi 3+ -doping in enhancing the magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite.

  12. Spin flexoelectricity and chiral spin structures in magnetic films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pyatakov, A.P.; Sergeev, A.S.; Mikailzade, F.A.; Zvezdin, A.K.

    2015-01-01

    In this short review a broad range of chiral phenomena observed in magnetic films (spin cycloid and skyrmion structures formation as well as chirality dependent domain wall motion) is considered under the perspective of spin flexoelectricity, i.e. the relation between bending of magnetization pattern and electric polarization. The similarity and the difference between the spin flexoelectricity and the newly emerged notion of spin flexomagnetism are discussed. The phenomenological arguments based on the geometrical idea of curvature-induced effects are supported by analysis of the microscopic mechanisms of spin flexoelectricity based on three-site ion indirect exchange and twisted RKKY interaction models. - Highlights: • Magnetic structure formation in thin films is analogous to flexoelectric phenomena in crystals. • The microscopic mechanism of spin flexoelectricity is the antisymmetric exchange. • Spin cycloid in thin film of metals can be the result of Rashba interaction in 2DEG. • The chirality-dependent Néel-type magnetic domain wall motion is observed in electric field

  13. Spin flexoelectricity and chiral spin structures in magnetic films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pyatakov, A.P., E-mail: pyatakov@physics.msu.ru [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gori, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Sergeev, A.S. [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gori, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Mikailzade, F.A. [Department of Physics, Gebze Technical University, Gebze, 41400 Kocaeli (Turkey); Zvezdin, A.K. [A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Vavilova St., 38, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2015-06-01

    In this short review a broad range of chiral phenomena observed in magnetic films (spin cycloid and skyrmion structures formation as well as chirality dependent domain wall motion) is considered under the perspective of spin flexoelectricity, i.e. the relation between bending of magnetization pattern and electric polarization. The similarity and the difference between the spin flexoelectricity and the newly emerged notion of spin flexomagnetism are discussed. The phenomenological arguments based on the geometrical idea of curvature-induced effects are supported by analysis of the microscopic mechanisms of spin flexoelectricity based on three-site ion indirect exchange and twisted RKKY interaction models. - Highlights: • Magnetic structure formation in thin films is analogous to flexoelectric phenomena in crystals. • The microscopic mechanism of spin flexoelectricity is the antisymmetric exchange. • Spin cycloid in thin film of metals can be the result of Rashba interaction in 2DEG. • The chirality-dependent Néel-type magnetic domain wall motion is observed in electric field.

  14. A new support structure for high field magnets

    CERN Document Server

    Hafalia, R R; Caspi, S; Dietderich, D R; Gourlay, S A; Hannaford, R; Lietzke, A F; Liggins, N; McInturff, A D; Sabbi, G L; Scanlan, R M; O'Neill, J; Swanson, J H

    2002-01-01

    Pre-stress of superconducting magnets can be applied directly through the magnet yoke structure. We have replaced the collar functionality in our 14 Tesla R&D Nb//3Sn dipole magnets with an assembly procedure based on an aluminum shell and bladders. Bladders, placed between the coil pack and surrounding yoke inside the shell, are pressurized up to 10 ksi left bracket 70 MPa right bracket to create an interference gap. Keys placed into the interference gap replace the bladder functionality. Following the assembly, the bladders are deflated and removed. Strain gauges mounted directly on the shell are used to monitor the stress of the entire magnet structure, thereby providing a high degree of pre-stress control without the need for high tolerances. During assembly, a force of 8.2 multiplied by 10**5 lbs /ft left bracket 12 MN/m right bracket is generated by the bladders and the stress in the 1.57 double prime left bracket 40 mm right bracket aluminum shell reaches 20.3 ksi left bracket 140 MPa right bracket...

  15. Local Structure and Magnetism of (Ga,Mn)As

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2093111; Temst, Kristiaan

    Throughout the years, dilute magnetic semiconductors (DMS) have emerged as promising materials for semiconductor-based spintronics. In particular, (Ga,Mn)As has become the model system in which to explore the physics of carrier-mediated ferromagnetism in semiconductors and the associated spintronic phenomena, with a number of interesting functionalities and demonstrated proof-of-concept devices. It constitutes the perfect example of how the magnetic behavior of DMS materials is strongly influenced by local structure. In this thesis, we address key aspects of the interplay between local structure and ferromagnetism of (Ga,Mn)As. We unambiguously identify the lattice site occupied by interstitial Mn as the tetrahedral interstitial site with As nearest neighbors T(As). We show, furthermore, that the T(As) is the most energetically favorable site regardless of the interstitial atom forming or not complexes with substitutional Mn. We also evaluate the thermal stability of both interstitial and substitutional Mn si...

  16. First Cluster results of the magnetic field structure of the mid- and high-altitude cusps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. Cargill

    Full Text Available Magnetic field measurements from the four Cluster spacecraft from the mid- and high-altitude cusp are presented. Cluster underwent two encounters with the mid-altitude cusp during its commissioning phase (24 August 2000. Evidence for field-aligned currents (FACs was seen in the data from all three operating spacecraft from northern and southern cusps. The extent of the FACs was of the order of 1 RE in the X-direction, and at least 300 km in the Y-direction. However, fine-scale field structures with scales of the order of the spacecraft separation (300 km were observed within the FACs. In the northern crossing, two of the spacecraft appeared to lie along the same magnetic field line, and observed very well matched signals. However, the third spacecraft showed evidence for structuring transverse to the field on scales of a few hundred km. A crossing of the high-altitude cusp from 13 February 2001 is presented. It is revealed to be a highly dynamic structure with the boundaries moving with velocities ranging from a few km/s to tens of km/s, and having structure on timescales ranging from less than one minute up to several minutes. The cusp proper is associated with the presence of a very disordered magnetic field, which is entirely different from the magnetosheath turbulence.

    Key words. Magnetospheric physics (current systems; magnetopause, cusp, and boundary layers – Space plasma physics (discontinuities

  17. Structural and magnetic phase formation in nanophase brass–iron ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    November 2005 physics pp. 847–854. Structural and magnetic phase formation in nanophase brass–iron electron compounds. A K MISHRA and C BANSAL. School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500 046, India. E-mail: cbsp@uohyd.ernet.in. Abstract. Starting with Cu0.65Zn0.35 with an e/a ratio of 1.35 we ...

  18. Structural and magnetic studies on copper succinate dihydrate ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M P BINITHA

    2017-08-21

    Aug 21, 2017 ... DOI 10.1007/s12034-017-1459-0. Structural and magnetic studies on copper succinate dihydrate single crystals. M P BINITHA1,∗ and P P PRADYUMNAN2 ..... Chem. doi:10.1021/ic402194c. [5] Pilkington M, Gross M, Franz P, Biner M, Decurtins S,. Stoeckli-Evans H et al 2001 J. Solid State Chem. 159 262.

  19. Structural and magnetic characterization of soft-magnetic FeCo alloy nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao Xingyu; Tan, S.C.; Wee, A.T.S.; Wu Junhua; Kong Lingbing; Yu Xiaojiang; Moser, H.O.

    2006-01-01

    Soft-magnetic FeCo alloy nanoparticles with diameters less than 100 nm are prepared by ball milling. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) are used to characterize these particles. While the XPS spectrum from the as-prepared sample clearly shows Co photoemission peaks, no sign of Fe is observed in the same spectrum. However, Fe photoemission peaks appear after 1 h of Ar ion sputtering. A quantitative analysis of the XPS spectra shows an increase of Fe concentration versus sputtering time until the Fe:Co ratio of the bulk alloy is reached. In addition, the narrow scan Fe and Co 2p XPS spectra show that Co is more oxidized than Fe. All these measurements indicate that the nanoparticles have a Co shell and an Fe-rich core. They further demonstrate the usefulness of XPS combined with depth-profiling via sputtering to obtain element- and chemically-sensitive structural information on nanoparticles. XMCD as an element-specific magnetic analysis tool further reveals that Fe and Co are ferromagnetically coupled in these particles. The information obtained is useful for establishing a structure-property relation for the studied material that is expected to have applications as a soft magnetic material at high temperatures

  20. Structure and magnetism in Cr-embedded Co nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, S H; Kurt, M S; Roy, M; Lees, M R; Binns, C

    2016-02-03

    We present the results of an investigation into the atomic structure and magnetism of 2 nm diameter Co nanoparticles embedded in an antiferromagnetic Cr matrix. The nanocomposite films used in this study were prepared by co-deposition directly from the gas phase, using a gas aggregation source for the Co nanoparticles and a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) source for the Cr matrix material. Co K and Cr K edge extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experiments were performed in order to investigate atomic structure in the embedded nanoparticles and matrix respectively, while magnetism was investigated by means of a vibrating sample magnetometer. The atomic structure type of the Co nanoparticles is the same as that of the Cr matrix (bcc) although with a degree of disorder. The net Co moment per atom in the Co/Cr nanocomposite films is significantly reduced from the value for bulk Co, and decreases as the proportion of Co nanoparticles in the film is decreased; for the sample with the most dilute concentration of Co nanoparticles (4.9% by volume), the net Co moment was 0.25 μ B/atom. After field cooling to below 30 K all samples showed an exchange bias, which was largest for the most dilute sample. Both the structural and magnetic results point towards a degree of alloying at the nanoparticle/matrix interface, leading to a core/shell structure in the embedded nanoparticles consisting of an antiferromagnetic CoCr alloy shell surrounding a reduced ferromagnetic Co core.

  1. Magnetic mirror structure for testing shell-type quadrupole coils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.J.; Nobrega, F.; Novitski, I.; Tartaglia, N.; Turrioni, D.; /Fermilab

    2009-10-01

    This paper presents magnetic and mechanical designs and analyses of the quadrupole mirror structure to test single shell-type quadrupole coils. Several quadrupole coils made of different Nb{sub 3}Sn strands, cable insulation and pole materials were tested using this structure at 4.5 and 1.9 K. The coils were instrumented with voltage taps, spot heaters, temperature sensors and strain gauges to study their mechanical and thermal properties and quench performance. The results of the quadrupole mirror model assembly and test are reported and discussed.

  2. Non-superconducting magnet structures for near-term, large fusion experimental devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    File, J.; Knutson, D.S.; Marino, R.E.; Rappe, G.H.

    1980-10-01

    This paper describes the magnet and structural design in the following American tokamak devices: the Princeton Large Torus (PLT), the Princeton Divertor Experiment (PDX), and the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR). The Joint European Torus (JET), also presented herein, has a magnet structure evolved from several European programs and, like TFTR, represents state of the art magnet and structure design

  3. STRUCTURE OF PROMINENCE LEGS: PLASMA AND MAGNETIC FIELD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levens, P. J.; Labrosse, N. [SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom); Schmieder, B. [Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, F-92195 (France); Ariste, A. López, E-mail: p.levens.1@research.gla.ac.uk [Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, Toulouse (France)

    2016-02-10

    We investigate the properties of a “solar tornado” observed on 2014 July 15, and aim to link the behavior of the plasma to the internal magnetic field structure of the associated prominence. We made multi-wavelength observations with high spatial resolution and high cadence using SDO/AIA, the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) spectrograph, and the Hinode/Solar Optical Telescope (SOT) instrument. Along with spectropolarimetry provided by the Télescope Héliographique pour l’Etude du Magnétisme et des Instabilités Solaires telescope we have coverage of both optically thick emission lines and magnetic field information. AIA reveals that the two legs of the prominence are strongly absorbing structures which look like they are rotating, or oscillating in the plane of the sky. The two prominence legs, which are both very bright in Ca ii (SOT), are not visible in the IRIS Mg ii slit-jaw images. This is explained by the large optical thickness of the structures in Mg ii, which leads to reversed profiles, and hence to lower integrated intensities at these locations than in the surroundings. Using lines formed at temperatures lower than 1 MK, we measure relatively low Doppler shifts on the order of ±10 km s{sup −1} in the tornado-like structure. Between the two legs we see loops in Mg ii, with material flowing from one leg to the other, as well as counterstreaming. It is difficult to interpret our data as showing two rotating, vertical structures that are unrelated to the loops. This kind of “tornado” scenario does not fit with our observations. The magnetic field in the two legs of the prominence is found to be preferentially horizontal.

  4. Magnetic structure of RPdSn (R=Tb, Ho) single crystal compounds under strong magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andoh, Y.; Kurisu, M.; Nakamoto, G.; Tsutaoka, T.; Kawano, S.

    2003-01-01

    Rare earth compounds RTX, where R stands for rare earth elements, T for Ni, Pd or Rh, and X for Sn or Ge, crystallize to a rhombic ε-TiNiSi structure. Only rare earth elements R contribute to magnetic properties since T and X atoms are nonmagnetic. The competition between RKKY indirect interaction and large magnetic anisotropy generates many complicated magnetic phases. At a low temperature phase, complicated magnetisms such as meta-magnetism were observed in magnetization curves with many steps. In previous experiments dealing with RPdSn where R means Tb or Ho, some characteristics of magnetic properties of these compounds were deduced from magnetization measurements and neutron diffraction without external magnetic field. In this report, the change of magnetic scattering of neutron diffraction was studied under external magnetic fields in order to reveal the mechanism of the phase transformations of the compounds. The difference between TbPdSn and HoPdSn compounds was observed in magnetic field dependence of the wave vectors of the magnetic scattering. Two independent wave vectors in magnetic scattering existed in HoPdSn compound. (Y. Kazumata)

  5. Proceedings of the workshop on structural analysis needs for magnetic fusion energy superconducting magnets: a technical assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reich, M.; Lehner, J.; Powell, J.; Bezler, P.

    1976-01-01

    The technical portions of the meeting were divided into three major sessions as follows: (1) Review of methods being presently used by the MFE community for structural evaluation of current designs. (2) Future structural analysis needs. (3) Open discussions dealing with adequacy of present methods, the improvements needed for MFE magnet structural analysis, and the establishment of an MFE magnet structural advisory group. Summaries of the individual talks are presented.

  6. Proceedings of the workshop on structural analysis needs for magnetic fusion energy superconducting magnets: a technical assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reich, M.; Lehner, J.; Powell, J.; Bezler, P.

    1976-01-01

    The technical portions of the meeting were divided into three major sessions as follows: (1) Review of methods being presently used by the MFE community for structural evaluation of current designs. (2) Future structural analysis needs. (3) Open discussions dealing with adequacy of present methods, the improvements needed for MFE magnet structural analysis, and the establishment of an MFE magnet structural advisory group. Summaries of the individual talks are presented

  7. Magnetic properties of rare earth oxides with perovskite structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hinatsu, Yukio

    2008-01-01

    A perovskite composite oxide is represented by the general formula of ABO 3 . Cations at the B site characterize magnetic properties of the oxide. Many studies have been accumulated for transition metal elements at the B sites. In this report the studies of rare earth elements at the B sites are reviewed. In rare elements, tetravalent ions such as Ce 4+ , Pr 4+ and Tb 4+ can occupy the B sites with Ba and Sr ions at the A sites. Both the SrTbO 3 and BaTbO 3 have an orthorhombic structure and show the antiferromagnetic transition at about 33 K, which is originated from terbium ions coupled antiferromagnetically with the six neighboring terbium ions. A tetravalent praseodymium perovskite SrPrO 3 shows no existence of the magnetic ordering down to 2.0 K. This is in contrast to the result of isomorphous BaPrO 3 , which shows an antiferromagnetic transition at 11.5 K. A double perovskite structure is represented by the formula A 2 LnMO 6 (A=Ba, Sr, Ca; M=Ru, Ir). In a double perovskite compound Ba 2 PrRuO 6 , the Pr 3+ and Ru 5+ ions are arranged with regularity over the six-coordinate B sites. This compound transforms to an antiferromagnetic state below 117 K. Antiferromagnetic transition temperatures T N for isomorphous Sr and Ca show a clear tendency, T N (A=Ba)>T N (Sr)>T N (Ca), in the compounds with the same rare earth elements (Ln). The 6H-perovskite structure Ba 3 LnRu 2 O 9 consists of linkages between LnO 6 octahedra and Ru 2 O 9 dimers made from face-shared RuO 6 octahedra. The 6H-perovskite structure Ba 3 MRu 2 O 9 (M=Sc, Y, La, Nd-Gd, Dy-Lu) have the valence state of Ba 3 M 3+ Ru 2 4.5+ O 9 . The magnetic susceptibilities show a broad maximum at 135-370 K. This magnetic behavior is ascribed to the antiferromagnetic coupling between two Ru ions in a Ru 2 O 9 dimer and to the magnetic interaction between the Ru 2 O 9 dimers. (author)

  8. Effect of annealing on magnetic properties and structure of Fe-Ni based magnetic microwires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhukova, V.; Korchuganova, O. A.; Aleev, A. A.; Tcherdyntsev, V. V.; Churyukanova, M.; Medvedeva, E. V.; Seils, S.; Wagner, J.; Ipatov, M.; Blanco, J. M.; Kaloshkin, S. D.; Aronin, A.; Abrosimova, G.; Orlova, N.; Zhukov, A.

    2017-07-01

    We studied the magnetic properties and domain wall (DW) dynamics of Fe47.4Ni26.6Si11B13C2 and Fe77.5Si7.5B15 microwires. Both samples present rectangular hysteresis loop and fast magnetization switching. Considerable enhancement of DW velocity is observed in Fe77.5Si7.5B15, while DW velocity of samples Fe47.4Ni26.6Si11B13C2 is less affected by annealing. The other difference is the magnetic field range of the linear region on dependence of domain wall velocity upon magnetic field: in Fe47.4Ni26.6Si11B13C2 sample is considerably shorter and drastically decreases after annealing. We discussed the influence of annealing on DW dynamics considering different magnetoelastic anisotropy of studied microwires and defects within the amorphous state in Fe47.4Ni26.6Si11B13C2. Consequently we studied the structure of Fe47.4Ni26.6Si11B13C2 sample using X-ray diffraction and the atom probe tomography. The results obtained using the atom probe tomography supports the formation of the B-depleted and Si-enriched precipitates in the metallic nucleus of Fe-Ni based microwires.

  9. Structural and magnetic behaviour of soft magnetic Finemet-type ribbons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iturriza, N; Fernández, L; Chizhik, A; Vara, G; Pierna, A R; del Val, J J

    2008-06-01

    Different kinds of magnetic anisotropies have been induced during the nanocrystallization process of Co- and Ni-rich amorphous ferromagnetic (Finemet) ribbons by the application of a constant stress or an axial magnetic field during the annealing process. Magnetization measurements have evidenced the presence od macroscopic anisotropy in the treated samples. The main goal of this work has been, after a careful DSC study, the structural analysis of the treated ribbons using X-ray Diffraction and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), detecting substantial differences in the crystallization state and grain size of the samples depending on the thermal treatment that was carried out. Moreover, AFM measurements revealed in all the treated samples a strong nanocrystallisation of the surface without evidences of amorphous matrix, which contrast with XRD measurements that have shown a high content of amorphous phase in the bulk of the ribbons. Magneto-optical Kerr effect measurements have been performed with the aim to elucidate the complex magnetic behaviour that is expected for the surface of the ribbons, measuring surface hysteresis loops that showed much higher coercive field values than that obtained in the bulk material.

  10. Structural and magnetic properties of nickel antimony ferrospinels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ivanov, S.A.; Tellgren, R.; Porcher, F.; André, G.; Ericsson, T.; Nordblad, P.; Sadovskaya, N.; Kaleva, G.; Politova, E.; Baldini, M.; Sun, C.; Arvanitis, D.; Anil Kumar, P.; Mathieu, R.

    2015-01-01

    Spinel-type compounds of Fe–Ni–Sb–O system were synthesized as polycrystalline powders. The crystal and magnetic properties were investigated using X-ray and neutron powder diffraction, Mössbauer and X-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetization measurements. The samples crystallize in the cubic system, space group Fd – 3 m. The distribution of cations between octahedral and tetrahedral sites was refined from the diffraction data sets using constraints imposed by the magnetic, Mössbauer and EDS results and the ionic radii. The cation distribution and the temperature dependence of the lattice parameter (a) and the oxygen positional parameter (u) were obtained. A chemical formula close to Fe 0.8 Ni 1.8 Sb 0.4 O 4 was determined, with Sb 5+ cations occupying octahedral sites, and Fe 3+ and Ni 2+ occupying both tetrahedral and octahedral sites. Fe 3+ mainly (85/15 ratio) occupy tetrahedral sites, and conversely Ni 2+ mainly reside on octahedral ones. The magnetic unit cell is the same as the crystallographic one, having identical symmetry relations. The results indicate that the compounds have a collinear ferrimagnetic structure with antiferromagnetic coupling between the tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites. Uniquely, the temperature dependence of the net magnetization of this rare earth free ferrimagnet exhibits a compensation point. - Highlights: • Polycrystalline spinel-type compounds of (Fe,Ni)[Fe,Ni,Sb]2O4 were synthesized. • Fe (3+) and Ni (2+) cations occupy mainly tetrahedral (resp. octahedral) sites. • The ferrimagnetic behavior observed below 650 K is investigated in detail. • Squid magnetometry and neutron powder diffraction data are compared

  11. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of Pd sub(3)Fe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuhnen, C.A.

    1988-01-01

    In this work we study the electronic and magnetic properties of the Pd sub(3)Fe alloy. For the ordered phase of Pd sub(3)Fe we employed the Linear Muffin-Tin Orbitals Method, with the atomic sphere approximation, which is a first principles method and includes spin polarization. The theoretical results for the thermal and magnetic properties show good agreement with experience. Here we explain the formation of the localized magnetic moments from completely itinerant electrons. We investigate the influence of the hydrogen in the physical properties of the compound Pd sub(3)Fe, where we obtain a drastic reduction in the magnetic moments at the Pd and Fe sites. This reduction is confirmed by experience. The self consistent potentials of the Pd sub(3)Fe compound were used for an analysis of the influence of the disorder in the electronic structure of Pd sub(3)Fe alloy. To this end, we employ a spin polarized version of the Green's Function Method with the Coherent Potential Approximation (or KKR-CPA). The results obtained show that in random ferromagnetic alloys different degrees of disorder occurs for the different spin directions. The formation of the magnetic moments in these alloys were explained from the existence of 'virtual crystal' states for spin up electrons and 'split band' states for spin down electrons. Finally we employ the muffin-tin orbitals to calculate the X-ray photoemission spectra of the Pd sub(3)Fe and Pd sub(3)FeH compounds, which allows us a direct comparison between theory and experiment. (author)

  12. Structure of transformer oil-based magnetic fluids studied using acoustic spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kudelcik, Jozef, E-mail: kudelcik@fyzika.uniza.sk [Department of Physics, University of Zilina, Univerzitna 1, 010 01 Zilina (Slovakia); Bury, Peter; Drga, Jozef [Department of Physics, University of Zilina, Univerzitna 1, 010 01 Zilina (Slovakia); Kopcansky, Peter; Zavisova, Vlasta; Timko, Milan [Department of Magnetism, IEP SAS, Watsonova 47, 040 01 Kosice (Slovakia)

    2013-01-15

    The structural changes in transformer oil-based magnetic fluids upon the effect of an external magnetic field and temperature were studied by acoustic spectroscopy. The attenuation of acoustic wave was measured as a function of the magnetic field in the range of 0-300 mT and in the temperature range of 15-35 Degree-Sign C for various magnetic nanoparticles concentrations. The effect of anisotropy of the acoustic attenuation was determined, too. The both strong influence of the magnetic field on the acoustic attenuation and its hysteresis were observed. When a magnetic field is increased, the interaction between the external magnetic field and the magnetic moments of the nanoparticles occurs, leading to the aggregation of magnetic nanoparticles and following clusters formation. However, the temperature of magnetic fluids also has very important influence on the structural changes because of the mechanism of thermal motion that acts against the cluster creation. The observed influences of both magnetic field and temperature on the investigated magnetic fluid structure are discussed. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structural changes in transformer oil-based magnetic fluids were investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The acoustic spectroscopy as the method of investigation was used. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The influence of magnetic field on the structural was studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The influence of temperatures on the structures was investigated, too. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The influence of external conditions on the structure of MF is interpreted.

  13. Soft X-ray resonant magnetic scattering of magnetic nano-structures; Diffusion magnetique resonnante des rayons X mous dans les nanostructures magnetiques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerrit, Van der Laana [Daresbury Lab., Warrington WA (United Kingdom)

    2008-06-15

    Soft X-ray resonant magnetic scattering offers a unique element-, site- and valence-specific probe to study magnetic structures on the nano-length scale. This new technique, which combines X-ray scattering with X-ray magnetic circular and linear dichroism, is ideally suited to investigate magnetic superlattices and magnetic domain structures. The theoretical analysis of the polarization dependence to determine the vector magnetization profile is presented. This is illustrated with examples studying the closure domains in self-organizing magnetic domain structures, the magnetic order in patterned samples, and the local configuration of magnetic nano-objects using coherent X-rays. (author)

  14. THE ROLE OF MAGNETIC HELICITY IN STRUCTURING THE SOLAR CORONA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knizhnik, K. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21287 (United States); Antiochos, S. K.; DeVore, C. R. [Heliophysics Science Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

    2017-01-20

    Two of the most widely observed and striking features of the Sun's magnetic field are coronal loops, which are smooth and laminar, and prominences or filaments, which are strongly sheared. Loops are puzzling because they show little evidence of tangling or braiding, at least on the quiet Sun, despite the chaotic nature of the solar surface convection. Prominences are mysterious because the origin of their underlying magnetic structure—filament channels—is poorly understood at best. These two types of features would seem to be quite unrelated and wholly distinct. We argue that, on the contrary, they are inextricably linked and result from a single process: the injection of magnetic helicity into the corona by photospheric motions and the subsequent evolution of this helicity by coronal reconnection. In this paper, we present numerical simulations of the response of a Parker (1972) corona to photospheric driving motions that have varying degrees of helicity preference. We obtain four main conclusions: (1) in agreement with the helicity condensation model of Antiochos (2013), the inverse cascade of helicity by magnetic reconnection in the corona results in the formation of filament channels localized about polarity inversion lines; (2) this same process removes most complex fine structure from the rest of the corona, resulting in smooth and laminar coronal loops; (3) the amount of remnant tangling in coronal loops is inversely dependent on the net helicity injected by the driving motions; and (4) the structure of the solar corona depends only on the helicity preference of the driving motions and not on their detailed time dependence. We discuss the implications of our results for high-resolution observations of the corona.

  15. Varieties of Dioptase: Their Magnetic Structure and Collective Excitations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prisk, T.; Hoffmann, C.; Kolesnikov, A.; Anovitz, L. M.; Matsuda, M.; Podlesnyak, A.; Yan, J.

    2017-12-01

    Diopase [Cu6Si6O18 * 6 H2O] is a copper cyclosilicate mineral that exists within three different polymorphic forms. In the naturally occurring green phase, micropore channels are formed by corrugated rings of Si6O18 connected by Cu2+ ions. These channels contain rings of water molecules H2O which are co-ordinated to the Cu2+ ions, forming Jahn-Teller distorted octahedra. This results in the polymorph's green color. When the mineral is annealed at 400 C, it transforms into a blue polymorph where the positions of the the water molecules H2O become disordered within the channels. If annealed at 600 C, the water molecules are expelled from crystal structure altogether, leaving intact a framework where where the copper atom has quasi-planar co-ordination with neighboring oxygen atoms. The Cu2+ ions are responsible for the appearance of long-range antiferromagnetic order in green dioptase at 14 K. Comparative magnetic susceptibility measurements of these polymorphs demonstrate that altering the hydration state of the mineral leads to profound changes in its magnetic properties. This is presumably due to the fact that the local environment of the Cu2+ ions is modified by changes in the Cu atom's co-ordination with the water oxygen. Green, blue, and black dioptase together provide a case study in the coupling of a mineral's hydration state to its magnetic properties. In this presentation, we report upon a comparative study of dioptase polymorphs. We have applied heat capacity, magnetic susceptibility, single-crystal diffraction, and inelastic neutron scattering techniques. Magnetic diffraction patterns were obtained using the Polarized Triple Axis Spectrometer at the High Flux Isotope Reactor, while measurements of the spin wave dispersion were performed using the Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer at the Spallation Neutron Source. We find that, in green dioptase, the Cu2+ ions form spiral antiferromagnetic chains parallel to the micropore channels. However, in blue

  16. Structure, magnetic order and excitations in the 245 family of Fe-based superconductors

    OpenAIRE

    Bao, Wei

    2014-01-01

    Elastic neutron scattering simultaneously probes both the crystal structure and magnetic order in a material. Inelastic neutron scattering measures phonons and magnetic excitations. Here, we review the average composition, crystal structure and magnetic order in the 245 family of Fe-based superconductors and in related insulating compounds from neutron diffraction works. A three-dimensional phase-diagram summarizes various structural, magnetic and electronic properties as a function of the sa...

  17. Structural and functional cardiac changes in myotonic dystrophy type 1: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermans Mieke CE

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1 is a neuromuscular disorder with potential involvement of the heart and increased risk of sudden death. Considering the importance of cardiomyopathy as a predictor of prognosis, we aimed to systematically evaluate and describe structural and functional cardiac alterations in patients with MD1. Methods Eighty MD1 patients underwent physical examination, electrocardiography (ECG, echocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR. Blood samples were taken for determination of NT-proBNP plasma levels and CTG repeat length. Results Functional and structural abnormalities were detected in 35 patients (44%. Left ventricular systolic dysfunction was found in 20 cases, left ventricular dilatation in 7 patients, and left ventricular hypertrophy in 6 patients. Myocardial fibrosis was seen in 10 patients (12.5%. In general, patients had low left ventricular mass indexes. Right ventricular involvement was uncommon and only seen together with left ventricular abnormalities. Functional or structural cardiac involvement was associated with age (p = 0.04, male gender (p Conclusions CMR can be useful to detect early structural and functional myocardial abnormalities in patients with MD1. Myocardial involvement is strongly associated with conduction abnormalities, but a normal ECG does not exclude myocardial alterations. These findings lend support to the hypothesis that MD1 patients have a complex cardiac phenotype, including both myocardial and conduction system alteration.

  18. A Novel Integrated Structure with a Radial Displacement Sensor and a Permanent Magnet Biased Radial Magnetic Bearing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinji Sun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a novel integrated structure is proposed in order to reduce the axial length of the high speed of a magnetically suspended motor (HSMSM to ensure the maximum speed, which combines radial displacement sensor probes and the permanent magnet biased radial magnetic bearing in HSMSM. The sensor probes are integrated in the magnetic bearing, and the sensor preamplifiers are placed in the control system of the HSMSM, separate from the sensor probes. The proposed integrated structure can save space in HSMSMs, improve the working frequency, reduce the influence of temperature on the sensor circuit, and improve the stability of HSMSMs.

  19. Structural and magnetic characterization of (Ba,Sr-hexaferrite Powders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palomares-Sánchez, S.

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Results on magnetic and structural characterization of ferrimagnetic compounds of BaxSr1-xFe12O19 (x=0.0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.0 prepared by the conventional ceramic method are reported. The samples were systematically examined using atomic force microscopy (AFM, X-ray diffraction and vibrating sample magnetometer. Structural and magnetic differences among the specimens were observed. The relations between structural features and magnetic properties are discussed. The presintering temperatures of the samples were 800°C and 1,000°C. The specimens were sintered at 1,200°C for one hour.

    Se presentan resultados de la caracterización estructural y magnética de compuestos ferrimagnéticos BaxSr1-xFe12O19 (x=0,0, 0,25, 0,50, 0,75 y 1,0 preparados por el método cerámico convencional. Las muestras fueron examinadas por microscopía de fuerza atómica, difracción de rayos X y magnetometría de muestra vibrante. Se observaron diferencias tanto estructurales como magnéticas en las muestras analizadas. Se discuten las relaciones entre los aspectos estructurales y los parámetros magnéticos medidos. Las temperaturas de presinterización de las muestras fueron de 800°C y 1.000°C y fueron sinterizadas a 1.200°C durante una hora.

  20. On boundaries among magnetic structures at the sun

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishkov, V. N.; Linke, J.

    1990-10-01

    Results of an analysis of published observational data on large complex active regions (CARs) on the sun are briefly discussed. Boundaries detected in the lower region of the solar atmosphere are shown to reveal the separation of independently developing magnetic structures, which may interact to produce eruption effects such as flares, reconnection, and flux-tube cancelling, as proposed by Linke and Bachmann (1989). The characteristics of these boundaries are illustrated with diagrams based on CAR data for June-July 1982, July-August 1983, and October 1979.

  1. Reactor structure and superconducting magnet system of ITER

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tada, Eisuke; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Tsuji, Hiroshi; Shimamoto, Susumu

    1993-01-01

    Fusion Experimental Reactors are one of the major steps toward realization of the fusion energy and the key objective are to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility prior to the Demo Fusion Reactor. ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is one of experimental reactors and the conceptual design has been completed by the united efforts of USA, USSR, EC and Japan. In parallel with the conceptual design, key technology development in various areas has being conducted. This paper describes the overall design concepts and the latest technological achievements of the ITER reactor structure and superconducting magnet system. (author)

  2. Filament shape versus coronal potential magnetic field structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filippov, B.

    2016-01-01

    Solar filament shape in projection on disc depends on the structure of the coronal magnetic field. We calculate the position of polarity inversion lines (PILs) of coronal potential magnetic field at different heights above the photosphere, which compose the magnetic neutral surface, and compare with them the distribution of the filament material in Hα chromospheric images. We found that the most of the filament material is enclosed between two PILs, one at a lower height close to the chromosphere and one at a higher level, which can be considered as a height of the filament spine. Observations of the same filament on the limb by the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory spacecraft confirm that the height of the spine is really very close to the value obtained from the PIL and filament border matching. Such matching can be used for filament height estimations in on-disc observations. Filament barbs are housed within protruding sections of the low-level PIL. On the base of simple model, we show that the similarity of the neutral surfaces in potential and non-potential fields with the same sub-photospheric sources is the reason for the found tendency for the filament material to gather near the potential-field neutral surface.

  3. Collision-Free Structure Using Thin-Film Magnet For Electrostatic Energy Harvester

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshii, S.; Yamaguchi, K.; Fujita, T.; Kanda, K.; Maenaka, K.

    2016-11-01

    This paper proposes collision-free structure using NdFeB thin-film magnet for vibration energy harvesters. By using stripe shaped NdFeB magnet array on the Si MEMS structure, we finally obtained 3 mN of magnetic repulsive force on 8 × 8 mm2 specimen with 40 μm air-gap.

  4. Advanced welding for closed structure. Pt. 1 The magnetic approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sacripanti, A.; Paoloni, M.; Sagratella, G. [ENEA Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione

    1999-07-01

    This report describes the activities developed for the European Contract BRITE AWCS III to study the use of magnetic sensing techniques to obtain an accurate detection of the internal reinforcement of the closed steel structures employed in the shipbuilding industry. After a description of the methods, techniques and problems for the magnetic testing of materials in the conventional approach, a new method was tried to obtain the wanted results. The obtained conclusion shows that the magnetic non destructive testing approach produce very small effects to measure, are too much sensible to the anisotropy of the magnetic properties of the steel plates and to the quality of the contact with the reinforcement. This system is not flexible enough to assemble a sensing for the goal of the BRITE AWCS III. [Italian] Questo rapporto descrive le attivita' sperimentali sviluppate nell'ambito del contratto europeo BRITE AWCS III, in cui si sono utilizzate tecniche magnetiche per ottenere un preciso rilevamento dei rinforzi interni di strutture metalliche chiuse utilizzate nell'industria delle costruzioni navali. Dopo la descrizione dei metodi, delle tecniche e dei problemi riguardanti il testing magnetico dei materiali, e' stato introdotto un approccio innovativo basato su elettromagneti costruiti ad hoc. Le conclusioni ottenute mostrano che nel nuovo approccio, il testing magnetico non distruttivo produce perturbazioni troppo piccole per essere correttamente apprezzate, risulta inoltre troppo legato alle anisotropie ed alla qualita' del contatto tra piatto e web ed infine esso appare poco flessibile per soddisfare le richieste tecniche del BRITE AWCS III.

  5. Size and thickness effect on magnetic structures of maghemite hollow magnetic nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sayed, Fatima; Labaye, Yvan, E-mail: yvan.labaye@univ-lemans.fr [Université du Maine, Institut des Molécules et Matériaux du Mans CNRS UMR-6283 (France); Sayed Hassan, Rodaina; El Haj Hassan, Fouad [Université Libanaise, Faculté des Sciences Section I, MPLAB (Lebanon); Yaacoub, Nader, E-mail: nader.yaacoub@univ-lemans.fr; Greneche, Jean-Marc [Université du Maine, Institut des Molécules et Matériaux du Mans CNRS UMR-6283 (France)

    2016-09-15

    The effect of surface anisotropy on the magnetic ground state of hollow maghemite nanoparticles is investigated using atomistic Monte Carlo simulation. The computer modeling is carried on hollow nanostructures as a function of size and shell thickness. It is found that the large contribution of the surface anisotropy imposes a “throttled” spin structure where the moments located at the outer surface tend to orient normal to the surface while those located at the inner surface appear to be more aligned. For increasing values of surface anisotropy in the frame of a radial model, the magnetic moments become radially oriented either inward or outward giving rise to a “hedgehog” configuration with nearly zero net magnetization. We also show the effect of the size of hollow nanoparticle on the spin behavior where the spin non-collinearity increases (for fixed value of surface anisotropy) as the diameter of the hollow nanoparticle increases due to the significant increase in surface-to-volume ratio, the thickness being constant. Moreover, the thickness of the hollow nanoparticle shell influences the spin configuration and thus the relation between surface anisotropy and the size or the thickness of the hollow nanoparticle is established.

  6. Size and thickness effect on magnetic structures of maghemite hollow magnetic nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sayed, Fatima; Labaye, Yvan; Sayed Hassan, Rodaina; El Haj Hassan, Fouad; Yaacoub, Nader; Greneche, Jean-Marc

    2016-01-01

    The effect of surface anisotropy on the magnetic ground state of hollow maghemite nanoparticles is investigated using atomistic Monte Carlo simulation. The computer modeling is carried on hollow nanostructures as a function of size and shell thickness. It is found that the large contribution of the surface anisotropy imposes a “throttled” spin structure where the moments located at the outer surface tend to orient normal to the surface while those located at the inner surface appear to be more aligned. For increasing values of surface anisotropy in the frame of a radial model, the magnetic moments become radially oriented either inward or outward giving rise to a “hedgehog” configuration with nearly zero net magnetization. We also show the effect of the size of hollow nanoparticle on the spin behavior where the spin non-collinearity increases (for fixed value of surface anisotropy) as the diameter of the hollow nanoparticle increases due to the significant increase in surface-to-volume ratio, the thickness being constant. Moreover, the thickness of the hollow nanoparticle shell influences the spin configuration and thus the relation between surface anisotropy and the size or the thickness of the hollow nanoparticle is established.

  7. Structural and conformational study of polysaccharides by nuclear magnetic resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bossennec, Veronique

    1989-01-01

    As some natural polysaccharides are involved in important biological processes, the use of nuclear magnetic resonance appears to be an adapted mean to determine their structure-activity relationship and is therefore the object of this research thesis. By using bi-dimensional proton-based NMR techniques, it is possible to identify minority saccharide units, to determine their conformation, and to identify units which they are bound to. The author reports the application of these methods to swine mucosa heparin, and to heparins displaying a high and low anticoagulant activity. The dermatan sulphate has also been studied, and the NMR analysis allowed some polymer structure irregularities to be identified. A molecular modelling of dermatan sulphate has been performed [fr

  8. Structural and magnetic transitions in BaMnF4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shapiro, S.M.; Cowley, R.A.; Cox, D.E.; Eibschutz, M.; Guggenheim, H.J.

    1976-01-01

    Neutron scattering studies have been undertaken to probe the structural and magnetic transitions in BaMnF 4 occurring at T/sub c/ = 247 +- 0.5K and T/sub N/ approximately 26K respectively. Below T/sub c/ superlattice reflections are observed at incommensurate positions along the [zeta 1 / 2 1 / 2 ] and [zeta00] directions of the base centered orthorhombic (A2 1 am) Brillouin zone. The new reflections appear at q 1 = (+-0.392, +-0.5, +-0.5), q 2 = (+-0.216, 0, 0) and q 3 = 3(+-0.176, +-0.5, +-0.5) which bear the relationship q 2 = 2q 1 and q 3 = 3q 1 . Above T/sub c/ critical scattering is observed only at the q 1 positions implying the existence of a primary order parameter with the wave vector Q 1 and either harmonics or secondary distortions with wave vectors q 2 and q 3 . Below T/sub N/ magnetic superlattice peaks (q 0 /sup M/) were observed characteristic of the antiferromagnetic structure of the isostructural compounds BaNiF 4 and BaFeF 4 . Two sets of satellite peaks q 1 /sup M/ and q 2 /sup M/ analogous to the nuclear satellites were also found. The magnon dispersion curves were measured and near neighbor exchange constants determined

  9. Shell structure of potassium isotopes deduced from their magnetic moments

    CERN Document Server

    Papuga, J.; Kreim, K; Barbieri, C; Blaum, K; De Rydt, M; Duguet, T; Garcia Ruiz, R F; Heylen, H; Kowalska, M; Neugart, R; Neyens, G; Nortershauser, W; Rajabali, M M; Sanchez, R; Smirnova, N; Soma, V; Yordanov, D T

    2014-09-29

    $\\textbf{Background:}$ Ground-state spins and magnetic moments are sensitive to the nuclear wave function, thus they are powerful probes to study the nuclear structure of isotopes far from stability. \\\\ \\\\ $\\textbf{Purpose:}$ Extend our knowledge about the evolution of the $1/2^+$ and $3/2^+$ states for K isotopes beyond the $N = 28$ shell gap. \\\\ \\\\ $\\textbf{Method:}$ High-resolution collinear laser spectroscopy on bunched atomic beams. \\\\ \\\\ $\\textbf{Results:}$ From measured hyperfine structure spectra of K isotopes, nuclear spins and magnetic moments of the ground states were obtained for isotopes from $N = 19$ up to $N = 32$. In order to draw conclusions about the composition of the wave functions and the occupation of the levels, the experimental data were compared to shell-model calculations using SDPF-NR and SDPF-U effective interactions. In addition, a detailed discussion about the evolution of the gap between proton $1d_{3/2}$ and $2s_{1/2}$ in the shell model and $\\textit{ab initio}$ framework is al...

  10. Interplay between structure and magnetism in HoxPr1-x alloys. 2. Resonant x-ray magnetic scattering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vigliante, A.; Christensen, M.J.; Hill, J.P.

    1998-01-01

    X-ray-scattering techniques have been used to study the crystal and magnetic structures of HoxPr1-x alloys in the form of thin films. Three distinct crystal structures are found as a function of concentration x, each of which has a characteristic magnetic structure. For x greater than or equal to 0.......6 a hexagonal-close-packed phase is found with the magnetic moments ordered in a basal-plane helix, whereas for 0.4 less than or equal to x... hexagonal-close-packed and remain nonmagnetic down to the lowest temperatures studied. Using x-ray magnetic resonance scattering techniques, we demonstrate that a small, static spin-density wave is induced within the alloy 5d band at both the Pr and Ho sites in both of the magnetically ordered phases...

  11. Structure and magnetism of Fe–Co alloy nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klencsár, Z., E-mail: klencsar.zoltan@ttk.mta.hu [Institute of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Magyar tudósok körútja 2, 1117 Budapest (Hungary); Németh, P.; Sándor, Z.; Horváth, T. [Institute of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Magyar tudósok körútja 2, 1117 Budapest (Hungary); Sajó, I.E. [University of Pécs, Szentágothai Research Centre, Pécs H-7624, Ifjúság str. 20 (Hungary); Mészáros, S. [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Bem tér 18/c, Debrecen 4026 (Hungary); Mantilla, J.; Coaquira, J.A.H.; Garg, V.K. [Institute of Physics, University of Brasilia, 70919-970 Brasília, DF (Brazil); Kuzmann, E. [Institute of Chemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, 1117 Budapest (Hungary); Tolnai, Gy. [Institute of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Magyar tudósok körútja 2, 1117 Budapest (Hungary)

    2016-07-25

    We report the hydrothermal synthesis and structure of Fe{sub x}Co{sub 1−x} alloy nanoparticles with considerable stability against oxidation under ambient atmosphere. Powder X-ray diffractometry (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetization measurements are applied to characterize the composition, morphology, crystal structure, atomic order and magnetic properties of the nanoparticles. As-prepared samples are composed mainly of the bcc Fe{sub x}Co{sub 1−x} alloy phase. TEM images of heat-treated samples confirm the nanoparticle nature of the original alloys. A consistent analysis of the experimental results leads to x ≈ 53% and x ≈ 62% Fe atomic ratio respectively in two analogous alloy samples, and suggests that the atomic level structure of the nanoparticles corresponds to that of a fully disordered (A2-type) alloy phase. Exploration of the effect of cobalt on the {sup 57}Fe hyperfine parameters of iron microenvironments suggests that in these alloys the electronic state of Fe atoms is perturbed equally and in an additive manner by atoms in their first two coordination spheres. - Highlights: • α-Fe{sub x}Co{sub 1−x} alloy nanoparticles have been prepared via hydrothermal process. • A disordered alloy atomic structure is revealed by {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. • The effect of alloying on the {sup 57}Fe hyperfine interaction parameters is elucidated. • The nanoparticles show considerable stability against oxidation in ambient air.

  12. Effect of annealing on magnetic properties and structure of Fe-Ni based magnetic microwires

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhukova, V.; Korchuganova, O.A.; Aleev, A.A.; Tcherdyntsev, V.V.; Churyukanova, M.; Medvedeva, E.V.; Seils, S.; Wagner, J.; Ipatov, M.; Blanco, J.M.; Kaloshkin, S.D.; Aronin, A.; Abrosimova, G.; Orlova, N.

    2017-01-01

    Highlights: • High domain wall mobility of Fe-Ni-based microwires. • Enhancement of domain wall velocity and mobility in Fe-rich microwires after annealing. • Observation of areas enriched by Si and depleted by B after annealing. • Phase separation in annealed Fe-Ni based microwires in metallic nucleus and near the interface layer. - Abstract: We studied the magnetic properties and domain wall (DW) dynamics of Fe 47.4 Ni 26.6 Si 11 B 13 C 2 and Fe 77.5 Si 7.5 B 15 microwires. Both samples present rectangular hysteresis loop and fast magnetization switching. Considerable enhancement of DW velocity is observed in Fe 77.5 Si 7.5 B 15 , while DW velocity of samples Fe 47.4 Ni 26.6 Si 11 B 13 C 2 is less affected by annealing. The other difference is the magnetic field range of the linear region on dependence of domain wall velocity upon magnetic field: in Fe 47.4 Ni 26.6 Si 11 B 13 C 2 sample is considerably shorter and drastically decreases after annealing. We discussed the influence of annealing on DW dynamics considering different magnetoelastic anisotropy of studied microwires and defects within the amorphous state in Fe 47.4 Ni 26.6 Si 11 B 13 C 2 . Consequently we studied the structure of Fe 47.4 Ni 26.6 Si 11 B 13 C 2 sample using X-ray diffraction and the atom probe tomography. The results obtained using the atom probe tomography supports the formation of the B-depleted and Si-enriched precipitates in the metallic nucleus of Fe-Ni based microwires.

  13. Neutron scattering evidence for magnetic-field-driven abrut magnetic and structural transitions in a phase-separated manganite

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Yaicle, C.; Martin, C.; Jirák, Zdeněk; Fauth, F.; André, G.; Suard, E.; Maignan, A.; Hardy, V.; Retoux, R.; Hervieu, M.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 68, č. 22 (2003), s. 224412-1 - 224412-8 ISSN 0163-1829 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1010914 Keywords : phase-separated manganite * magnetic and structural transitions * neutron scattering Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.962, year: 2003

  14. CoCrTa thin films for magnetic recording media: structure, magnetic properties and time-dependence effect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Phan le kim, P.L.K.

    This thesis has been devoted to deposition process, structures, magnetic properties and time-dependence effect of CoCrTa magnetic thin films for recording media. The experimental study began from Chapter 5 by investigating properties of single layer CoCrTa thin films, produced under different

  15. Local structure and magnetization of ferromagnetic Cu-doped ZnO films: no magnetism at the dopant?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vachhani, P.S.; Šipr, Ondřej; Bhatnagar, A.K.; Ramamoorthy, R.K.; Choudhary, R.J.; Phase, D.M.; Dalba, G.; Kuzmin, A.; Rocca, F.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 678, Sep (2016), s. 304-311 ISSN 0925-8388 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP108/11/0853 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : EXAFS * NEXAFS * magnetization * crystal structure Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.133, year: 2016

  16. A comparative study of magnetoresistance and magnetic structure in recycled vs. virgin NdFeB-type sintered magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Shida; Tsoi, Maxim; Prosperi, Davide; Tudor, Catalina O.; Dove, Stephen K.; Bevan, Alex I.; Furlan, Gojmir; Zakotnik, Miha

    2017-11-01

    Recycled NdFeB magnets are emerging as a viable alternative to virgin NdFeB, because of lower production costs and environmental impacts. Recycled NdFeB magnets produced via the recently reported magnet-to-magnet (m2 m™) recycling process display unanticipated enhancements of magnetic and physical properties that may arise because of their unique microstructure. In the present study, we compare electrical transport and magnetic properties of these recycled magnets (Grade: N42SH, Br = 1289 mT, Hcj = 1876 kA/m, BHmax = 323.4 kJ/m3, Dy content = 4.0 wt%) with an equivalent grade of commercial NdFeB magnet produced from virgin material by conventional techniques (Grade: N42SH, Br = 1215 mT, Hcj = 1943 kA/m, BHmax = 285.0 kJ/m3, with Dy content = 4.6 wt%). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and magnetic force microscopy (MFM) analyses revealed very similar surface morphology and magnetic structure for the virgin and recycled samples. However, bulk electrical transport measurements demonstrated a 27% enhancement in the resistivity of the recycled magnets. This suggests that the electrical properties of NdFeB alloys are enhanced during Grain Boundary Engineering™ (GBE™). Moreover, point-contact measurements, used to probe the electrical transport properties on the microscopic scale, found similar results to those of the bulk measurements.

  17. Structural and magnetic stability of Fe{sub 2}NiSi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, Dinesh C., E-mail: idu.idris@gmail.com; Bhat, Idris Hamid, E-mail: idu.idris@gmail.com; Chauhan, Mamta, E-mail: idu.idris@gmail.com [Condensed Matter Theory Group, School of Studies in Physics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior - 474011 (India)

    2014-04-24

    Full-potential ab-initio calculations in the stable F-43m phase have been performed to investigate the structural and magnetic properties of Fe{sub 2}NiSi inverse Heusler alloys. The spin magnetic moment distributions show that present material is ferromagnetic in stable F-43m phase. Further, spin resolved electronic structure calculations show that the discrepancy in magnetic moments of Fe-I and Fe-II depend upon the hybridization of Fe with the main group element. It is found that the main group electron concentration is predominantly responsible in establishing the magnetic properties, formation of magnetic moments and the magnetic order for present alloy.

  18. Uranium hetero-bimetallic complexes: synthesis, structure and magnetic properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Le Borgne, Th.

    2000-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to synthesize molecular complexes with uranium and transition metal ions in close proximity, to determine the nature of the magnetic interaction between them. We decided to use Schiff bases as assembling ligands, which are unusual for uranium (IV). Although the simplest Schiff bases, such as H 2 Salen, lead to ligand exchange reactions, the bi-compartmental Schiff base H 4 L 6 (bis(3-hydroxy-salicylidene) - 2,2-dimethyl-propylene) allows the crystal structure determination of the complex [L 6 Cu(pyr)]U[L 6 Cu].2pyr, obtained by reaction of the metallo-ligand H 2 L 6 Cu with U(acac) 4 . In this manner, the complexes [L 6 Co(pyr)] 2 U and [L 6 Ni(pyr)] 2 U.pyr were also isolated, as well as the compounds in which the paramagnetic ions have been exchanged by the diamagnetic ions Zn II , Zr IV and Th IV ': [L 6 Zn(pyr)] 2 U, [L 6 Cu] 2 Zr and [L 6 Cu(pyr)]Th[L 6 Cu].2pyr. These complexes are the first which involve three metallic centres assembling by the means of a hexa-dentate Schiff base. The crystalline structures show, for all these complexes, the outstanding orthogonal arrangement of the two fragments L 6 M around the central atom which is in a dodecahedral environment of eight oxygen atoms of two Schiff bases. The syntheses of the isostructural complexes Cu2 II and Zn 2 U in which the uranium (IV) ion is close, in the first one, to the paramagnetic ion Cu II and, in the second one, to the diamagnetic ion Zn II , has allowed the use of the empiric method to determine the nature of the magnetic interaction between an f element and a transition metal. The comparison of the magnetic behaviour of two complexes Cu 2 U and Zn 2 U, expressed by the variation of χT vs T, reveals the ferromagnetic interaction in the heart of the triad Cu-U-Cu. The magnetic behaviour of the complexes Cu 2 Th et Cu 2 Zr which does not show any coupling between the two copper (II) ions and the weak antiferromagnetic interaction in the Ni 2 U compound, favour the

  19. Magnetic and magnetoresistance studies of nanometric electrodeposited Co films and Co/Cu layered structures: Influence of magnetic layer thickness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zsurzsa, S.; Péter, L.; Kiss, L.F.; Bakonyi, I.

    2017-01-01

    The magnetic properties and the magnetoresistance behavior were investigated for electrodeposited nanoscale Co films, Co/Cu/Co sandwiches and Co/Cu multilayers with individual Co layer thicknesses ranging from 1 nm to 20 nm. The measured saturation magnetization values confirmed that the nominal and actual layer thicknesses are in fairly good agreement. All three types of layered structure exhibited anisotropic magnetoresistance for thick magnetic layers whereas the Co/Cu/Co sandwiches and Co/Cu multilayers with thinner magnetic layers exhibited giant magnetoresistance (GMR), the GMR magnitude being the largest for the thinnest Co layers. The decreasing values of the relative remanence and the coercive field when reducing the Co layer thickness down to below about 3 nm indicated the presence of superparamagnetic (SPM) regions in the magnetic layers which could be more firmly evidenced for these samples by a decomposition of the magnetoresistance vs. field curves into a ferromagnetic and an SPM contribution. For thicker magnetic layers, the dependence of the coercivity (H c ) on magnetic layer thickness (d) could be described for each of the layered structure types by the usual equation H c =H co +a/d n with an exponent around n=1. The common value of n suggests a similar mechanism for the magnetization reversal by domain wall motion in all three structure types and hints also at the absence of coupling between magnetic layers in the Co/Cu/Co sandwiches and Co/Cu multilayers. - Highlights: • Electrodeposited nanoscale Co films and Co/Cu layered structures. • Co layer thickness (d) dependence of coercivity (H c ) and magnetoresistance. • H c depends on Co layer thickness according to H c =H co +a/d n with n around 1. • The common n value suggests a similar mechanism of magnetization reversal. • The common n value suggests the absence of coupling between magnetic layers.

  20. Magnetic and magnetoresistance studies of nanometric electrodeposited Co films and Co/Cu layered structures: Influence of magnetic layer thickness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zsurzsa, S., E-mail: zsurzsa.sandor@wigner.mta.hu; Péter, L.; Kiss, L.F.; Bakonyi, I.

    2017-01-01

    The magnetic properties and the magnetoresistance behavior were investigated for electrodeposited nanoscale Co films, Co/Cu/Co sandwiches and Co/Cu multilayers with individual Co layer thicknesses ranging from 1 nm to 20 nm. The measured saturation magnetization values confirmed that the nominal and actual layer thicknesses are in fairly good agreement. All three types of layered structure exhibited anisotropic magnetoresistance for thick magnetic layers whereas the Co/Cu/Co sandwiches and Co/Cu multilayers with thinner magnetic layers exhibited giant magnetoresistance (GMR), the GMR magnitude being the largest for the thinnest Co layers. The decreasing values of the relative remanence and the coercive field when reducing the Co layer thickness down to below about 3 nm indicated the presence of superparamagnetic (SPM) regions in the magnetic layers which could be more firmly evidenced for these samples by a decomposition of the magnetoresistance vs. field curves into a ferromagnetic and an SPM contribution. For thicker magnetic layers, the dependence of the coercivity (H{sub c}) on magnetic layer thickness (d) could be described for each of the layered structure types by the usual equation H{sub c}=H{sub co}+a/d{sup n} with an exponent around n=1. The common value of n suggests a similar mechanism for the magnetization reversal by domain wall motion in all three structure types and hints also at the absence of coupling between magnetic layers in the Co/Cu/Co sandwiches and Co/Cu multilayers. - Highlights: • Electrodeposited nanoscale Co films and Co/Cu layered structures. • Co layer thickness (d) dependence of coercivity (H{sub c}) and magnetoresistance. • H{sub c} depends on Co layer thickness according to H{sub c}=H{sub co}+a/d{sup n} with n around 1. • The common n value suggests a similar mechanism of magnetization reversal. • The common n value suggests the absence of coupling between magnetic layers.

  1. Nanocrystalline Fe-Pt alloys. Phase transformations, structure and magnetism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyubina, J.V.

    2006-12-21

    This work has been devoted to the study of phase transformations involving chemical ordering and magnetic properties evolution in bulk Fe-Pt alloys composed of nanometersized grains. Nanocrystalline Fe{sub 100-x}Pt{sub x} (x=40-60) alloys have been prepared by mechanical ball milling of elemental Fe and Pt powders at liquid nitrogen temperature. The as-milled Fe-Pt alloys consist of {proportional_to} 100 {mu}m sized particles constituted by randomly oriented grains having an average size in the range of 10-40 nm. Depending on the milling time, three major microstructure types have been obtained: samples with a multilayer-type structure of Fe and Pt with a thickness of 20-300 nm and a very thin (several nanometers) A1 layer at their interfaces (2 h milled), an intermediate structure, consisting of finer lamellae of Fe and Pt (below approximately 100 nm) with the A1 layer thickness reaching several tens of nanometers (4 h milled) and alloys containing a homogeneous A1 phase (7 h milled). Subsequent heat treatment at elevated temperatures is required for the formation of the L1{sub 0} FePt phase. The ordering develops via so-called combined solid state reactions. It is accompanied by grain growth and thermally assisted removal of defects introduced by milling and proceeds rapidly at moderate temperatures by nucleation and growth of the ordered phases with a high degree of the long-range order. In a two-particle interaction model elaborated in the present work, the existence of hysteresis in recoil loops has been shown to arise from insufficient coupling between the low- and the high-anisotropy particles. The model reveals the main features of magnetisation reversal processes observed experimentally in exchange-coupled systems. Neutron diffraction has been used for the investigation of the magnetic structure of ordered and partially ordered nanocrystalline Fe-Pt alloys. (orig.)

  2. Structure, magnetic order and excitations in the 245 family of Fe-based superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Elastic neutron scattering simultaneously probes both the crystal structure and magnetic order in a material. Inelastic neutron scattering measures phonons and magnetic excitations. Here, we review the average composition, crystal structure and magnetic order in the 245 family of Fe-based superconductors and in related insulating compounds from neutron diffraction works. A three-dimensional phase-diagram summarizes various structural, magnetic and electronic properties as a function of the sample composition. A high pressure phase diagram for the superconductor is also provided. Magnetic excitations and the theoretic Heisenberg Hamiltonian are provided for the superconductor. Issues for future works are discussed.

  3. Structure, magnetic order and excitations in the 245 family of Fe-based superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Wei

    2015-01-21

    Elastic neutron scattering simultaneously probes both the crystal structure and magnetic order in a material. Inelastic neutron scattering measures phonons and magnetic excitations. Here, we review the average composition, crystal structure and magnetic order in the 245 family of Fe-based superconductors and in related insulating compounds from neutron diffraction works. A three-dimensional phase-diagram summarizes various structural, magnetic and electronic properties as a function of the sample composition. A high pressure phase diagram for the superconductor is also provided. Magnetic excitations and the theoretic Heisenberg Hamiltonian are provided for the superconductor. Issues for future works are discussed.

  4. Temperature- and field-induced structural transitions in magnetic colloidal clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Rojas, J.; Calvo, F.

    2018-02-01

    Magnetic colloidal clusters can form chain, ring, and more compact structures depending on their size. In the present investigation we examine the combined effects of temperature and external magnetic field on these configurations by means of extensive Monte Carlo simulations and a dedicated analysis based on inherent structures. Various thermodynamical, geometric, and magnetic properties are calculated and altogether provide evidence for possibly multiple structural transitions at low external magnetic field. Temperature effects are found to overcome the ordering effect of the external field, the melted stated being associated with low magnetization and a greater compactness. Tentative phase diagrams are proposed for selected sizes.

  5. Magnetic and structural properties of ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pariona, N.; Camacho-Aguilar, K.I.; Ramos-González, R. [Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Cinvestav-Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila 25900 (Mexico); Martinez, Arturo I., E-mail: mtz.art@gmail.com [Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Cinvestav-Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila 25900 (Mexico); Herrera-Trejo, M. [Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute, Cinvestav-Saltillo, Av. Industria Metalúrgica 1062, Parque Industrial Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila 25900 (Mexico); Baggio-Saitovitch, E. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas, Río de Janeiro 22290-180 (Brazil)

    2016-05-15

    A rich variety of ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites (NCs) with specific size, composition and properties were obtained in transformation reactions of 2-line ferrihydrite. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations showed that the NCs consist of clusters of strongly aggregated nanoparticles (NPs) similarly to a “plum pudding”, where hematite NPs “raisins” are surrounded by ferrihydrite “pudding”. Magnetic measurements of the NCs correlate very well with TEM results; i.e., higher coercive fields correspond to greater hematite crystallite size. First order reversal curve (FORC) measurements were used for the characterization of the magnetic components of the NCs. FORC diagrams revealed that the NCs prepared at short times are composed by single domains with low coercivity, and NCs prepared at times larger than 60 min exhibited elongated distribution along the Hc axis. It suggested that these samples consist of mixtures of different kinds of hematite particles, ones with low coercivity and others with coercivity greater than 600 Oe. For NCs prepared at times larger than 60 min, Mossbauer spectroscopy revealed the presence of two sextets, which one was assigned to fine hematite particles and other to hematite particles with hyperfine parameters near to bulk hematite. The correlation of the structural and magnetic properties of the ferrihydrite/hematite NCs revealed important characteristics of these materials which have not been reported elsewhere. - Highlights: • Ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites were prepared. • The “plum pudding” morphology of the ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites was found. • The FORC diagrams of ferrihydrite/hematite nanocomposites have been measured.

  6. The effect of external magnetic fields on the pore structure of polyurethane foams loaded with magnetic microparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schümann, M; Seelig, N; Odenbach, S

    2015-01-01

    Elastic matrices loaded with magnetic microparticles are a new kind of magnetic hybrid material gaining a lot of scientific interest during the last few years. The central advantage of those materials is given by the possibility to control the mechanical properties by external stimuli, in this case external magnetic fields. Due to their extraordinary elastic properties, polyurethane foams are a promising matrix material for a new approach to synthesize such magnetic hybrid materials. A key to a deeper understanding of this new material is the investigation on how the inner structure of the hybrid material is controllable by the application of an external magnetic field during the polymerization. This paper presents a convenient method for analysis of structural changes of magnetically influenced particle loaded polyurethane foams. The geometry and size of up to 40 000 individual pores was evaluated by means of x-ray microtomography and digital image processing. A modest impact of the magnetic field on the pore structure was found with the utilized foam material, proving the convenient applicability of this method for future investigation with magnetic hybrid foams. (paper)

  7. Acoustic investigation of structure of magnetic fluids based on transformer oil mogul

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kudelcik, J.; Bury, P.; Kopcansky, P.; Timko, M.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper the authors study the influence of temperature on the changes of the acoustic attenuation in magnetic fluids based on transformer oil MOGUL caused by an external magnetic field measured. The influences of both magnetic field and temperature on the structures of investigated magnetic fluids based on the transformer oil MOGUL were observed using acoustic spectroscopy. The effect of external magnetic field on the creation of clusters of nanoparticles in magnetic fluids was confirmed and their influence on the development of attenuation was described. In this type of magnetic fluid complicated structures of clusters at magnetic field over 100 mT are created. These structures are than at higher magnetic field almost stable. This state of equilibrium is not function of time. Measurements also confirmed that the lifetime of these structures or clusters is very short. The further investigation of the time and temperature dependences of the acoustic attenuation on the magnetic field at different concentrations of magnetic nanoparticles and various direction of magnetic field are necessary to understand all processes in this magnetic fluid. (authors)

  8. Temperature Dependent Magnetic Anisotropy in Metallic Magnets from an Ab Initio Electronic Structure Theory: L10-Ordered FePt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staunton, J. B.; Ostanin, S.; Razee, S. S.; Gyorffy, B. L.; Szunyogh, L.; Ginatempo, B.; Bruno, Ezio

    2004-12-01

    Using a first-principles, relativistic electronic structure theory of finite temperature metallic magnetism, we investigate the variation of magnetic anisotropy K with magnetization M in metallic ferromagnets. We apply the theory to the high uniaxial K material, L10-ordered FePt, and find its magnetic easy axis perpendicular to the Fe/Pt layers for all M and K to be proportional to M2 for a broad range of values of M. For small M, near the Curie temperature, the calculations pick out the easy axis for the onset of magnetic order. Our abinitio results for this important magnetic material agree well with recent experimental measurements, whereas the single-ion anisotropy model fails to give the correct qualitative behavior.

  9. Periodic vortex pinning by regular structures in Nb thin films: magnetic vs. structural effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montero, Maria Isabel; Jonsson-Akerman, B. Johan; Schuller, Ivan K.

    2001-03-01

    The defects present in a superconducting material can lead to a great variety of static and dynamic vortex phases. In particular, the interaction of the vortex lattice with regular arrays of pinning centers such as holes or magnetic dots gives rise to commensurability effects. These commensurability effects can be observed in the magnetoresistance and in the critical current dependence with the applied field. In recent years, experimental results have shown that there is a dependence of the periodic pinning effect on the properties of the vortex lattice (i.e. vortex-vortex interactions, elastic energy and vortex velocity) and also on the dots characteristics (i.e. dot size, distance between dots, magnetic character of the dot material, etc). However, there is not still a good understanding of the nature of the main pinning mechanisms by the magnetic dots. To clarify this important issue, we have studied and compared the periodic pinning effects in Nb films with rectangular arrays of Ni, Co and Fe dots, as well as the pinning effects in a Nb film deposited on a hole patterned substrate without any magnetic material. We will discuss the differences on pinning energies arising from magnetic effects as compared to structural effects of the superconducting film. This work was supported by NSF and DOE. M.I. Montero acknowledges postdoctoral fellowship by the Secretaria de Estado de Educacion y Universidades (Spain).

  10. Coherent drift wave structures in sheared magnetic fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morrison, P.J.; Horton, W.

    1993-01-01

    For the problem of calculating the coherent drift wave structures in sheared magnetic fields, the authors have found it useful to derive the governing nonlinear pde from a variational principle. The variational principle is based on the free energy functional F[var-phi] = ∫ V F(var-phi, ∇ var-phi, x)dx dy. The method is applied to the vortex with speed u derived in Su et al., given by ∇ 2 var-phi = (1 - v d /u) var-phi - S m 2 /u 2 (x - var-phi/u) (x - var-phi/2u) var-phi where space is measured in units of ρ s , var-phi = (eΦ/T e )(L n /ρ s ) and the magnetic shear parameter is S m . While the linearized problem (var-phi much-lt ux) describes the usual shear induced damping, nonlinear solutions with trapped flow (var-phi > ur 0 ) form nonlinear self-bound states, which are maxima of the free energy F. The authors discuss the analytic properties and the numerical procedures for solving these types of nonlinear pde's

  11. Nuclear and magnetic structures and magnetic properties of synthetic brochantite, Cu4(OH)6SO4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilminot, Serge; Richard-Plouet, Mireille; André, Gilles; Swierczynski, Dariusz; Bourée-Vigneron, Françoise; Kurmoo, Mohamedally

    2006-03-21

    Cu4(OH)6SO4 (1) and Cu4(OD)6SO4 (2) were obtained by hydrothermal syntheses from copper sulfate and sodium hydroxide in H2O and D2O, respectively. They crystallize in the monoclinic system, space group P2(1)/a (14), a = 13.1206(5), b = 9.8551(3), c = 6.0295(2) Angstroms, beta = 103.432(3) degrees, V = 758.3(1) Angstroms(3), Z = 4 and a = 13.1187(5), b = 9.8552(3), c = 6.0293(2) Angstroms, beta = 103.410(3) degrees, V = 758.3(1) Angstroms(3), Z = 4, respectively. They are iso-structural to the mineral brochantite and consist of double chains of edge-sharing copper octahedra that are connected to one another by corners to form corrugated planes along bc; these planes are in-turn bridged by the unprecedented mu7-sulfate tetrahedra to give a 3D-structure. All the hydrogen atoms were precisely located from refinement of the neutron powder diffraction data of the deuterated sample. Magnetic susceptibility data reveal a low-dimensional behavior at high temperature and the presence of both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic super-exchanges resulting in a 3D long-range antiferromagnetic ordering at 7.5 K accompanied by a small canting of the moments. The transition is confirmed by a lambda-peak in the specific heat. The magnetic structure at 1.4 K shows the moments are oriented perpendicular to the corrugated planes with alternation along +/-a for neighboring chains within the double chains. The enhanced incoherent scattering at low-angle suggests the existence of short-range ferromagnetic clusters.

  12. Mechanosynthesis, crystal structure and magnetic characterization of neodymium orthoferrite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Serna, Pedro Vera; Campos, Cecilio Garcia; De Jesus, Felix Sanchez; Miro, Ana Maria Bolarin; Loran, Jose Antonio Juanico; Longwell, Jeffrey

    2016-01-01

    Neodymium orthoferrite NdFeO 3 was obtained at room temperature by mechanosynthesis with a stoichiometric ratio of Nd2O 3 and Fe 2 O 3 powders, whereas the traditional synthesis requires a temperature of approximately 1000 °C. The crystal structure was analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis using Cu radiation and a LynxEye XE detector, whose strong fluorescence filtering enabled a high signal intensity. The analysis indicated that the obtained crystallites were nano-sized. The particle morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and the magnetic saturation was tested by vibrating sample magnetometry. The synthesis of NdFeO 3 was detected after a few hours of milling, indicating that the milling imparted mechanical energy to the system. (author)

  13. Magnetic structures of holmium-lutetium alloys and superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Swaddling, P.P.; Cowley, R.A.; Ward, R.C.C.

    1996-01-01

    Alloys and superlattices of Ho and Lu have been grown using molecular beam epitaxy and their magnetic structures determined using neutron-scattering techniques. The 4f moments in the alloys form a helix at all compositions with the moments aligned in the basal plane perpendicular to the wave vector...... of the helix remaining coherent through the nonmagnetic Lu blocks. The neutron scattering from the superlattices is consistent with a model in which there are different phase advances of the helix turn angle through the Ho and Lu blocks, but with a localized moment on the Ho sites only. A comparison...... of Ho and Lu. At low temperatures, for superlattices with fewer than approximately twenty atomic planes of Ho, the Ho moments within a block undergo a phase transition from helical to ferromagnetic order, with the coupling between successive blocks dependent on the thickness of the Lu spacer....

  14. Mechanosynthesis, crystal structure and magnetic characterization of neodymium orthoferrite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serna, Pedro Vera; Campos, Cecilio Garcia [Division de Ingenierias, Universidad Politecnica de Tecamac (UPTECAMAC), Tecamac de Felipe Villanueva, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); De Jesus, Felix Sanchez; Miro, Ana Maria Bolarin [Area Academica de Ciencias de la Tierra y Materiales, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo (UAEH), Mineral de la Reforma, Hidalgo (Mexico); Loran, Jose Antonio Juanico [Division de Ingenieria Industrial Nanotecnologia, Universidad Politecnica del Valle de Mexico (UPVM), Tultitlan, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Longwell, Jeffrey, E-mail: pedrovera.upt@gmail.com [Department of Languages and Linguistics, New Mexico State University (NMSU), Las Cruces, NM (United States)

    2016-03-15

    Neodymium orthoferrite NdFeO{sub 3} was obtained at room temperature by mechanosynthesis with a stoichiometric ratio of Nd2O{sub 3} and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} powders, whereas the traditional synthesis requires a temperature of approximately 1000 °C. The crystal structure was analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis using Cu radiation and a LynxEye XE detector, whose strong fluorescence filtering enabled a high signal intensity. The analysis indicated that the obtained crystallites were nano-sized. The particle morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and the magnetic saturation was tested by vibrating sample magnetometry. The synthesis of NdFeO{sub 3} was detected after a few hours of milling, indicating that the milling imparted mechanical energy to the system. (author)

  15. Triple-q, Modulated Magnetic Structure and Critical Behaviour of Neodymium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lebech, Bente; Bak, Poul Erik

    1978-01-01

    In order to study the magnetic structure of neodymium, the authors have performed neutron scattering measurements on single crystals. The results of these measurements are combined with the results of renormalisation-group theory and Landau symmetry arguments. Below the Neel temperature......, the magnetic structure was found to be a unique two-dimensional ordered structure, accompanied by a similarly patterned lattice distortion...

  16. Analysis and Comparison of Magnetic Structures in a Tapped Boost Converter for LED Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mira Albert, Maria del Carmen; Knott, Arnold; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an an alysis and comparison of magnetics structures in a tapped boost converter for LED applications. The magnetic structure is a coupled inductor which is analyzed in a conventional wire-wound core as well as in a planar structure for different interleaving winding arrangements...

  17. Neutron diffraction study of the magnetic structure of HoCu2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smetana, Z.; Sima, V.; Lebech, Bente

    1986-01-01

    Neutron diffraction measurements show that in the temperature range from 7.4 to TN=10.4 K the magnetic structure of HoCu2 is a commensurably modulated a-axis collinear structure with a wave vector q1=1/3a*. Below 7.4 K an additional structure component develops and the low temperature magnetic...

  18. Three-dimensional magnetization structures revealed with X-ray vector nanotomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Claire; Guizar-Sicairos, Manuel; Scagnoli, Valerio; Gliga, Sebastian; Holler, Mirko; Raabe, Jörg; Heyderman, Laura J.

    2017-07-01

    In soft ferromagnetic materials, the smoothly varying magnetization leads to the formation of fundamental patterns such as domains, vortices and domain walls. These have been studied extensively in thin films of thicknesses up to around 200 nanometres, in which the magnetization is accessible with current transmission imaging methods that make use of electrons or soft X-rays. In thicker samples, however, in which the magnetization structure varies throughout the thickness and is intrinsically three dimensional, determining the complex magnetic structure directly still represents a challenge. We have developed hard-X-ray vector nanotomography with which to determine the three-dimensional magnetic configuration at the nanoscale within micrometre-sized samples. We imaged the structure of the magnetization within a soft magnetic pillar of diameter 5 micrometres with a spatial resolution of 100 nanometres and, within the bulk, observed a complex magnetic configuration that consists of vortices and antivortices that form cross-tie walls and vortex walls along intersecting planes. At the intersections of these structures, magnetic singularities—Bloch points—occur. These were predicted more than fifty years ago but have so far not been directly observed. Here we image the three-dimensional magnetic structure in the vicinity of the Bloch points, which until now has been accessible only through micromagnetic simulations, and identify two possible magnetization configurations: a circulating magnetization structure and a twisted state that appears to correspond to an ‘anti-Bloch point’. Our imaging method enables the nanoscale study of topological magnetic structures in systems with sizes of the order of tens of micrometres. Knowledge of internal nanomagnetic textures is critical for understanding macroscopic magnetic properties and for designing bulk magnets for technological applications.

  19. Investigation of the field dependent spin structure of exchange coupled magnetic heterostructures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gurieva, Tatiana

    2016-05-01

    This thesis describes the investigation of the field dependent magnetic spin structure of an antiferromagnetically (AF) coupled Fe/Cr heterostructure sandwiched between a hardmagnetic FePt buffer layer and a softmagnetic Fe top layer. The depth-resolved experimental studies of this system were performed via Magneto-optical Kerr effect (MOKE), Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM) and various measuring methods based on nuclear resonant scattering (NRS) technique. Nucleation and evolution of the magnetic spiral structure in the AF coupled Fe/Cr multilayer structure in an azimuthally rotating external magnetic field were observed using NRS. During the experiment a number of time-dependent magnetic side effects (magnetic after-effect, domain-wall creep effect) caused by the non-ideal structure of a real sample were observed and later explained. Creation of the magnetic spiral structure in rotating external magnetic field was simulated using a one-dimensional micromagnetic model.The cross-sectional magnetic X-ray diffraction technique was conceived and is theoretically described in the present work. This method allows to determine the magnetization state of an individual layer in the magnetic heterostructure. It is also applicable in studies of the magnetic structure of tiny samples where conventional x-ray reflectometry fails.

  20. Structural analysis of the ITER EDA magnet system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Titus, P.H.

    1995-01-01

    The most recent design of the ITER magnet system is easier to assemble and is expected to be more conventionally manufactured. A stainless steel case with pancake wound plates replaces the earlier poloidally wrapped plate Toroidal Field (TF) coil design. The number of TF coils has been reduced from 24 to 20 to ease access. The price for these improvements has been an increase in radial build of the TF coil, and a reallocation of space within the reactor. The TF and central solenoid (CS) are still bucked, making their interface an important area to simulate in structural models. Out-of-plane (OOP) forces are no longer supported by keys between TF legs. The TF case is strong enough to support most of the load when, it in turn, is supported by additional external structures. The most significant of these structures are the upper and lower crowns. A fluted torque shell on the outside of the CS provides a bearing surface for the TF and this along with the CS, and the TF inner legs, takes the global twist applied to the central column of the machine. A US Home team contribution has been a large scale global finite element model which addresses details of construction, and results of this model are presented. Cyclic case bending, torque shell shear, CS shear, the effects of assembly gaps, are presented. The case supports a large portion of the OOP loading, and the possibility of removal or simplifications in the OOP structures is discussed. CS Shear stresses from local conductor behavior are combined with the shears from the global behavior and the total shear is compared with the insulation shear allowable used in the ITER EDA. A smaller structural model has been used to simulate multiple pulse frictional effects, and results of this model are shown

  1. Effect of high magnetic field on structure and magnetic properties of evaporated crystalline and amorphous Fe-Sm thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Guojian [Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); Li, Mengmeng; Wang, Jianhao; Du, Jiaojiao; Wang, Kai [Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); Wang, Qiang, E-mail: wangq@mail.neu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China)

    2017-02-01

    Crystalline and amorphous Fe-Sm thin films have been fabricated by using molecular beam vapor deposition method. Then, the effects of both variation of Sm content and application of high magnetic field during film growth on the structure and magnetic properties of the Fe-Sm films have been explored. The results show that bcc structure of the Fe-Sm films with 5.8% Sm transforms to amorphization with 33.0% Sm. Meanwhile, nanocrystallite is formed in the amorphous Fe-Sm films. However, no Fe-Sm compound exists with the change of Sm content and with the application of high magnetic field. Nevertheless, high magnetic field decreases interplanar spacing. The structural evolution has a significant effect on magnetic properties. Saturation magnetization decreases 290% from 1456 emu/cm{sup 3} to 373 emu/cm{sup 3} with the increase of Sm content from 5.8% to 33.0%. The coercivity increases 1225% from 20 Oe to 265 Oe. Meanwhile, both the saturation magnetization and coercivity of the films decrease with the application of high magnetic field. The reason has been discussed. - Highlights: • Bcc structure of Fe-Sm film with 5.8% Sm transforms to amorphization with 33.0% Sm. • M{sub S} decreases 290% to 373 emu/cm{sup 3} with increasing Sm content from 5.8% to 33.0%. • Coercivity increases 1225% to 265 Oe when bcc structure transforms to amorphization. • Both M{sub S} and coercivity are decreased with the application of high magnetic field.

  2. Local Structure and Magnetic Properties of Fe 50 Cr 40 Si 10 Nanocrystalline Alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarigan, K.; Sebayang, D.; Yu, S. C.; Yang, D. S.

    2018-03-01

    The structural and the magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Fe 50 Cr 40 Si 10 alloys were prepared via mechanical alloying by using Fe, Cr, and Si elements with 1- to 24 hrs milling times. Structural analysis based on X-ray diffraction and Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. Concerning the magnetic behavior, the data obtained from a vibrating sample magnetometer at 300 K shows that both the magnetic saturation and the coercivity are dependent strongly on the milling time and the crystallite size. By adjusting the milling time, both appropriate structural transformation and magnetization values are obtained.

  3. Variations of structure and magnetic properties in UTGe hydrides (T=late transition metal)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Adamska, A.M.; Havela, L.; Skourski, Y.; Andreev, Alexander V.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 515, FEB (2012), s. 171-179 ISSN 0925-8388 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : actinide allos and compounds * metal hydrides * crystal structure * magnetic meaurements * high magnetic fields Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.390, year: 2012

  4. Magnetic structure of Fe-based amorphous and thermal annealed microwires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olivera, J. [Depto. Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Provencio, M. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales, CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Prida, V.M. [Depto. Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Hernando, B. [Depto. Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo (Spain)]. E-mail: grande@pinon.ccu.uniovi.es; Santos, J.D. [Depto. Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Perez, M.J. [Depto. Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Gorria, P. [Depto. Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Sanchez, M.L. [Depto. Fisica, Universidad de Oviedo, Calvo Sotelo s/n, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Belzunce, F.J. [Depto. Ciencia de los Materiales e Ingenieria Metalurgica, Universidad de Oviedo, Independencia 13, 33004 Oviedo (Spain)

    2005-07-15

    The magnetic structure of amorphous and thermal annealed glass coated microwires is studied by thermomagnetic, DSC, and Bitter domain pattern techniques. The long-range dipolar interaction between parallel aligned microwires and the appearance of large Barkhausen jumps steps in the axially magnetized loops are discussed in terms of reversal magnetization process.

  5. Effect of annealing on magnetic properties and structure of Fe-Ni based magnetic microwires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhukova, V. [Dpto. de Física de Materiales, Fac. Químicas, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Dpto. de Física Aplicada, EUPDS, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Korchuganova, O.A.; Aleev, A.A. [National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation); Tcherdyntsev, V.V.; Churyukanova, M. [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Medvedeva, E.V. [Institute of Electrophysics, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences 620016 Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Seils, S.; Wagner, J. [Karlsruhe Nano Micro Facility (KNMF), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Ipatov, M. [Dpto. de Física de Materiales, Fac. Químicas, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Dpto. de Física Aplicada, EUPDS, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Blanco, J.M. [Dpto. de Física Aplicada, EUPDS, UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Kaloshkin, S.D. [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Aronin, A. [National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Insitute of Solid State Physics, Moscow Region, 142432 Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); Abrosimova, G.; Orlova, N. [Insitute of Solid State Physics, Moscow Region, 142432 Chernogolovka (Russian Federation); and others

    2017-07-01

    Highlights: • High domain wall mobility of Fe-Ni-based microwires. • Enhancement of domain wall velocity and mobility in Fe-rich microwires after annealing. • Observation of areas enriched by Si and depleted by B after annealing. • Phase separation in annealed Fe-Ni based microwires in metallic nucleus and near the interface layer. - Abstract: We studied the magnetic properties and domain wall (DW) dynamics of Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2} and Fe{sub 77.5}Si{sub 7.5}B{sub 15} microwires. Both samples present rectangular hysteresis loop and fast magnetization switching. Considerable enhancement of DW velocity is observed in Fe{sub 77.5}Si{sub 7.5}B{sub 15}, while DW velocity of samples Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2} is less affected by annealing. The other difference is the magnetic field range of the linear region on dependence of domain wall velocity upon magnetic field: in Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2} sample is considerably shorter and drastically decreases after annealing. We discussed the influence of annealing on DW dynamics considering different magnetoelastic anisotropy of studied microwires and defects within the amorphous state in Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2}. Consequently we studied the structure of Fe{sub 47.4}Ni{sub 26.6}Si{sub 11}B{sub 13}C{sub 2} sample using X-ray diffraction and the atom probe tomography. The results obtained using the atom probe tomography supports the formation of the B-depleted and Si-enriched precipitates in the metallic nucleus of Fe-Ni based microwires.

  6. Magnetic properties of novel dynamic self-assembled structures generated on the liquid/air interface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Snezhko, A.; Aranson, I.S.

    2007-01-01

    We report on experimental and theoretical studies of magnetic properties of recently discovered dynamic multi-segment self-organized structures ('magnetic snakes'). Magnetic order and response of such snakes are determined by a novel unconventional mechanism provided by a self-induced surface wave. It gives rise to a nontrivial magnetic order: the segments of the snake exhibit long-range antiferromagnetic order mediated by the surface waves, while each segment is composed of ferromagnetically aligned chains of microparticles. Magnetic properties of the snakes are probed by in-plane magnetic field. A phenomenological model is proposed to explain the experimental observations

  7. New hybrid magnet system for structure research at highest magnetic fields and temperatures in the millikelvin region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smeibidl, Peter; Ehmler, Hartmut; Tennant, Alan; Bird, Mark

    2012-01-01

    The Helmholtz Centre Berlin (HZB) is a user facility for the study of structure and dynamics with neutrons and synchrotron radiation with special emphasis on experiments under extreme conditions. Neutron scattering is uniquely suited to study magnetic properties on a microscopic length scale, because neutrons have comparable wavelengths and, due to their magnetic moment, they interact with the atomic magnetic moments. At HZB a dedicated instrument for neutron scattering at extreme magnetic fields and low temperatures is under construction, the Extreme Environment Diffractometer ExED. It is projected according to the time-of-flight principle for elastic and inelastic neutron scattering and for the special geometric constraints of analysing samples in a high field magnet. The new hybrid magnet will not only allow for novel experiments, it will be at the forefront of development in magnet technology itself. With a set of superconducting and resistive coils a maximum field above 30 T will be possible. To compromise between the needs of the magnet design for highest fields and the concept of the neutron instrument, the magnetic field will be generated by means of a coned, resistive inner solenoid and a superconducting outer solenoid with horizontal field orientation. To allow for experiments down to Millikelvin Temperatures the installation of a 3 He or a dilution cryostat with a closed cycle precooling stage is foreseen.

  8. Magnetization reversal induced by in-plane current in Ta/CoFeB/MgO structures with perpendicular magnetic easy axis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, C.; Yamanouchi, M.; Sato, H.; Fukami, S.; Ikeda, S.; Matsukura, F.; Ohno, H.

    2014-05-01

    We investigate in-plane current-induced magnetization reversal under an in-plane magnetic field in Hall bar shaped devices composed of Ta/CoFeB/MgO structures with perpendicular magnetic easy axis. The observed relationship between the directions of current and magnetization switching and Ta thickness dependence of magnetization switching current are accordance with those for magnetization reversal by spin transfer torque originated from the spin Hall effect in the Ta layer.

  9. Magnetic structure of Fe-Fe oxide nanoparticles made by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    But the same particles show no trace of supermagnetism or fluctuation of magnetic moments in Mössbauer measurements, showing the role of time scales of measuring equipment in fine particle magnetism. Keywords: Iron/iron oxide composite, Magnetic nanoparticles, VSM, Mössbauer spectroscopy. International Journal ...

  10. First order magneto-structural transition in functional magnetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Magnetic materials are used widely in electric motors, loudspeakers, transformers, automobiles, magnetic reso- nance devices, magnetic memory storage and a diverse ..... firm the applicability of disorder-influenced FOPT in. CMR manganites and further emphasize that phase- coexistence can occur in any system in the ...

  11. Effect of alloying on the electronic structure and magnetic properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Keywords. Magnetism; alloys. 1. Introduction. Recently there have been several studies on the magne- tism of thin overlayers of transition metals like Fe on noble metal substrates (Blügel 1997; Mookerjee et al. 2000). It was noted that the magnetic moment on a sur- face 'magnetic' atom depended sensitively on both the.

  12. Two-dimensional magnetic ordering in a multilayer structure

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    range ferromagnetic ordering of ... to measure small magnetic signals as a function of magnetic field (H) and tempera- ture (T) even from one .... and the sample was mounted on ultra-pure Ag plate vertically to get the in-plane magnetization ...

  13. Structural and magnetic transitions in spinel FeM n2O4 single crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nepal, Roshan; Zhang, Qiang; Dai, Samuel; Tian, Wei; Nagler, S. E.; Jin, Rongying

    2018-01-01

    Materials that form the spinel structure are known to exhibit geometric frustration, which can lead to magnetic frustration as well. Through magnetization and neutron diffraction measurements, we find that FeM n2O4 undergoes one structural and two magnetic transitions. The structural transition occurs at Ts˜595 K from cubic at high temperatures to tetragonal at low temperatures. Two magnetic transitions are ferrimagnetic at TFI -1˜373 K and TFI -2˜50 K , respectively. Further investigation of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and Seebeck coefficient confirms both magnetic transitions. Of particular interest is that there is a significant magnetic contribution to the low-temperature specific heat and thermal conductivity, providing a unique system to study heat transport by magnetic excitations.

  14. Graphite structure and magnetic parameters of flake graphite cast iron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vértesy, G.; Uchimoto, T.; Takagi, T.; Tomáš, I.; Kage, H.

    2017-11-01

    Different matrix and graphite morphologies were generated by a special heat treatment in three chemically different series of flake graphite cast iron samples. As cast, furnace cooled and air cooled samples were investigated. The length of graphite particles and the pearlite volume of samples were determined by metallographic examination and these parameters were compared with the nondestructively measured magnetic parameters. Magnetic measurements were performed by the method of Magnetic Adaptive Testing, which is based on systematic measurement and evaluation of minor magnetic hysteresis loops. It was shown that linear correlation existed between the magnetic quantities and the graphite length, and also between the magnetic quantities and the relative pearlite content in the investigated cast iron. A numerical expression was also determined between magnetic descriptors and relative pearlite content, which does not depend on the detailed experimental conditions.

  15. Structural and magnetic properties of granular CoPd multilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vivas, L.G.; Figueroa, A.I.; Bartolomé, F. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Dept. de Física de la Materia Condensada, E-50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Rubín, J. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Dept. de Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales y Fluidos, E-50018 Zaragoza (Spain); García, L.M. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Dept. de Física de la Materia Condensada, E-50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Deranlot, C.; Petroff, F. [Unité Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales, F-91767 Palaiseau Cedex, France and Université Paris-Sud, F-191405 Orsay Cedex (France); Ruiz, L.; González-Calbet, J.M [Dept. de Química Inorgánica, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Brookes, N.B.; Wilhelm, F.; Rogalev, A. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), CS40220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Bartolomé, J. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón (ICMA), CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, Dept. de Física de la Materia Condensada, E-50009 Zaragoza (Spain)

    2016-02-15

    Multilayers of bimetallic CoPd alloyed and assembled nanoparticles, prepared by room temperature sequential sputtering deposition on amorphous alumina, were studied by means of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, SQUID-based magnetometry and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. Alloying between Co and Pd in these nanoparticles gives rise to a high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Their magnetic properties are temperature dependent: at low temperature, the multilayers are ferromagnetic with a high coercive field; at intermediate temperature the behavior is of a soft-ferromagnet, and at higher temperature, the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in the nanoparticles disappears. The magnetic orbital moment to spin moment ratio is enhanced compared with Co bare nanoparticles and Co fcc bulk. - Highlights: • CoPd granular nanolayers show perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. • Three magnetic phases are detected: hard-ferro, soft-ferro and superparamagnetism. • The nanoparticles have Co-core and CoPd alloy shell morphology.

  16. A case that underwent bilateral video-assisted thoracoscopic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    No Abstract Available A case that underwent bilateral video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) biopsy combined with pneumonectomy is presented. The patient developed hypoxia during the contralateral VATS biopsy. His hypoxia was treated with positive expiratory pressure (PEEP) to the dependent lung and apneic ...

  17. Evolution of the magnetic structure with chemical composition in spinel iron oxide nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muscas, G; Yaacoub, N; Concas, G; Sayed, F; Sayed Hassan, R; Greneche, J M; Cannas, C; Musinu, A; Foglietti, V; Casciardi, S; Sangregorio, C; Peddis, D

    2015-08-28

    Magnetic properties of iron oxide nanoparticles with spinel structure are strictly related to a complex interplay between cationic distribution and the presence of a non-collinear spin structure (spin canting). With the aim to gain better insight into the effect of the magnetic structure on magnetic properties, in this paper we investigated a family of small crystalline ferrite nanoparticles of the formula CoxNi1-xFe2O4 (0 ≤x≤ 1) having equal size (≈4.5 nm) and spherical-like shape. The field dependence of magnetization at low temperatures indicated a clear increase of magnetocrystalline anisotropy and saturation magnetization (higher than the bulk value for CoFe2O4: ∼130 A m(2) kg(-1)) with the increase of cobalt content. The magnetic structure of nanoparticles has been investigated by Mössbauer spectroscopy under an intense magnetic field (8 T) at a low temperature (10 K). The magnetic properties have been explained in terms of an evolution of the magnetic structure with the increase of cobalt content. In addition a direct correlation between cationic distribution and spin canting has been proposed, explaining the presence of a noncollinear spin structure in terms of superexchange interaction energy produced by the average cationic distribution and vacancies in the spinel structure.

  18. Magnetic structure of Akita-Yakeyama volcano; Akita Yakeyama chiiki no jikiteki kozo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okuma, S. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-10-01

    Akita-Yakeyama is a Quaternary volcano located in the north-western part of the Sengan geothermal area. Geothermal resource surveys have been performed from the middle of the 1970s in the Sengan geothermal area, and the Sumikawa geothermal power plant started its operation in 1995. By the analysis, the magnetic basement depth became lower in the north of Yakeyama body. However, the distribution including low magnetic anomaly in the south of Yakeyama body could not be explained only by a simple magnetic structure model. In this study, the magnetic anomaly in this area was analyzed in detail, and a construction of the magnetic structure model was intended by taking borehole data into account. The low magnetic intensity zone with low amplitude agreed well with the geothermal alteration zone. The high magnetic intensity zone and the low magnetic intensity zone corresponded with the distributions of volcanic rocks magnetized normally and reversely, respectively. Kakkonda and Matsukawa geothermal power plants were located in the distinct low magnetic intensity zones. There was a low magnetic intensity zone with long wave length over the whole Sengan geothermal area. A high magnetic intensity zone was observed in the northern foot of this area. From the magnetic measurements of borehole sample rocks, this was found to correspond with the newly formed granite body. 9 refs., 4 figs.

  19. Observation of strong magnetic effects in visible-infrared sum frequency generation from magnetic structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kirilyuk, A.; Knippels, G.M.H.; van der Meer, A. F. G.; Renard, S.; Rasing, T.; Heskamp, I. R.; Lodder, J. C.

    2000-01-01

    We have observed very strong magnetization-induced changes of the infrared-visible sum-frequency generation (SFG) intensity from thin magnetic films using a free electron laser as a tunable infrared source. With the help of a magnetic grating a clear resonance is observed due to the excitation of

  20. Structural and magnetic properties of Fe60Al40 alloys prepared by means of a magnetic mill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bernal-Correa, R.; Rosales-Rivera, A.; Pineda-Gomez, P.; Salazar, N.A.

    2010-01-01

    A study on synthesis, structural and magnetic characterization of Fe 60 Al 40 (at.%) alloys prepared by means of mechanical alloying process is presented. The mechanical alloying was performed using a milling device with magnetically controlled ball movement (Uni-Ball-Mill 5 equipment) at several milling times. The characterization was carried out via X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The effects of milling time on the structural state, morphological evolution and magnetic behaviour of the Fe 60 Al 40 (at.%) alloys are discussed. Besides, in this current study we emphasize the result that indicating a ferro-para-ferromagnetic transition from a correlation between X-ray diffraction and magnetization data.

  1. Determination of magnetic structure of substance based on neutron diffraction experiment data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Men'shikov, A.Z.; Vokhmyanin, A.P.; Dorofeev, Yu.A.

    1997-01-01

    The technique based on the experimental neutron diffraction data is developed for determination of the magnetic structure in solid solutions with the high symmetry. The theoretical junction of the elastic magnetic neutron scattering is considered. The examples of definition of magnetic structures of alloys Fe(Pd 1-x Pt) 3 , Fe(Pt 1-x Au) 3 , (Mn 1-x Fe x )Pt, (Fe 1-x Mn x )Pt by means of the proposed method are presented. The neutron diffraction images obtained with the resolution equal to 10 -2 are used for the recognition of the magnetic structures of these alloys [ru

  2. Neutron diffraction studies of the low-temperature magnetic structure of hexagonal FeGe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhard, J.; Lebech, Bente; Beckman, O.

    1984-01-01

    the critical field decreases and the anomaly becomes less pronounced. The cone structure is found to persist up at least 3.9 T, which was the upper limit of the applied field. The neutron diffraction data are discussed and related to previously published macroscopic data (e.g. magnetic susceptibility, torsion......The magnetic structure of the hexagonal polymorph of FeGe has been investigated by means of neutron diffraction on single crystals at low temperature and for magnetic fields applied perpendicular to the c axis. Between 410 and approximately 55K the magnetic structure is collinear c...... and Mossbauer data) as well as to earlier neutron diffraction results....

  3. Effect of defects, magnetocrystalline anisotropy, and shape anisotropy on magnetic structure of iron thin films by magnetic force microscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ke Xu

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Microstructures of magnetic materials, including defects and crystallographic orientations, are known to strongly influence magnetic domain structures. Measurement techniques such as magnetic force microscopy (MFM thus allow study of correlations between microstructural and magnetic properties. The present work probes effects of anisotropy and artificial defects on the evolution of domain structure with applied field. Single crystal iron thin films on MgO substrates were milled by Focused Ion Beam (FIB to create different magnetically isolated squares and rectangles in [110] crystallographic orientations, having their easy axis 45° from the sample edge. To investigate domain wall response on encountering non-magnetic defects, a 150 nm diameter hole was created in the center of some samples. By simultaneously varying crystal orientation and shape, both magnetocrystalline anisotropy and shape anisotropy, as well as their interaction, could be studied. Shape anisotropy was found to be important primarily for the longer edge of rectangular samples, which exaggerated the FIB edge effects and provided nucleation sites for spike domains in non-easy axis oriented samples. Center holes acted as pinning sites for domain walls until large applied magnetic fields. The present studies are aimed at deepening the understanding of the propagation of different types of domain walls in the presence of defects and different crystal orientations.

  4. Structural and magnetic properties of Gd/Fe multilayers grown by pulsed laser deposition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kant, K. Mohan; Bahl, Christian Robert Haffenden; Pryds, Nini

    2010-01-01

    This work investigates the structural and the magnetic properties of Gd/Fe multilayered thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition onto Si (001) substrates at room temperature. he Fe layer thickness is varied from 70 to 150 nm and its effect on the structural and magnetic properties of Fe/Gd/Fe ...

  5. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of cobalt intercalated in graphene on Ir(111)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vita, H.; Böttcher, S.; Leicht, P.; Horn, K.; Shick, Alexander; Máca, František

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 90, č. 16 (2014), "165432-1"-"165432-10" ISSN 1098-0121 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP204/10/0330; GA ČR GB14-37427G Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : graphene * cobalt * electronic structure * magnetic structure Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.736, year: 2014

  6. Structure and magnetic properties of chromium doped cobalt molybdenum nitrides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guskos, Niko; Żołnierkiewicz, Grzegorz; Typek, Janusz; Guskos, Aleksander; Adamski, Paweł; Moszyński, Dariusz

    2016-01-01

    Four nanocomposites containing mixed phases of Co 3 Mo 3 N and Co 2 Mo 3 N doped with chromium have been prepared. A linear fit is found for relation between Co 2 Mo 3 N and chromium concentrations. The magnetization in ZFC and FC modes at different temperatures (2–300 K) and in applied magnetic fields (up to 70 kOe) have been investigated. It has been detected that many magnetic characteristics of the studied four nanocomposites correlate not with the chromium concentration but with nanocrystallite sizes. The obtained results were interpreted in terms of magnetic core-shell model of a nanoparticle involving paramagnetic core with two magnetic sublattices and a ferromagnetic shell related to chromium doping. - Highlights: • A new chromium doped mixed Co-Mn-N nanocomposites were synthesized. • Surface ferromagnetism was detected in a wide temperature range. • Core-shell model was applied to explain nanocomposites magnetism.

  7. Two-dimensional Monte Carlo simulations of structures of a suspension comprised of magnetic and nonmagnetic particles in uniform magnetic fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peng Xiaoling; Min Yong; Ma Tianyu; Luo Wei; Yan Mi

    2009-01-01

    The structures of suspensions comprised of magnetic and nonmagnetic particles in magnetic fields are studied using two-dimensional Monte Carlo simulations. The magnetic interaction among magnetic particles, magnetic field strength, and concentrations of both magnetic and nonmagnetic particles are considered as key influencing factors in the present work. The results show that chain-like clusters of magnetic particles are formed along the field direction. The size of the clusters increases with increasing magnetic interaction between magnetic particles, while it keeps nearly unchanged as the field strength increases. As the concentration of magnetic particles increases, both the number and size of the clusters increase. Moreover, nonmagnetic particles are found to hinder the migration of magnetic ones. As the concentration of nonmagnetic particles increases, the hindrance on migration of magnetic particles is enhanced

  8. Interplay between structure and magnetism in HoxPr1-x alloys. 1. Neutron scattering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goff, J.P.; Bryn-Jacobsen, C.; McMorrow, D.F.

    1998-01-01

    The structural and the magnetic ordering in thin-film HoxPr1-x alloys have been studied using neutron-and x-ray-diffraction techniques. As the concentration of Ho decreases the alloys adopt hexagonal-close-packed (hcp), Sm, and double hexagonal-close-packed (dhcp) crystal structures. The results...... show enhanced occupation of the cubic sites by Pr in the Sm and dhcp phases. The magnetic behavior is found to be very different in the three crystalline phases. The hcp samples form basal-plane spirals and the alloys with the Sm structure form a commensurate magnetic structure with the same...... periodicity as the magnetic order on the hexagonal sites in Sm metal, but the moments are confined to the basal plane. At low temperatures both Ho and Pr are found to adopt their full saturation moments in these phases. A Pr thin film is found to order with a similar magnetic structure to bulk Pr. However...

  9. Slow solitary waves in multi-layered magnetic structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruderman, M.S.; Roberts, B.; Pelinovsky, E.N.; Petrukhin, N.S.

    2001-01-01

    The propagation of slow sausage surface waves in a multi-layered magnetic configuration is considered. The magnetic configuration consists of a central magnetic slab sandwiched between two identical magnetic slabs (with equilibrium quantities different from those in the central slab) which in turn are embedded between two identical semi-infinite regions. The dispersion equation is obtained in the linear approximation. The nonlinear governing equation describing waves with a characteristic wavelength along the central slab much larger than the slab thickness is derived. Solitary wave solutions to this equation are obtained in the case where these solutions deviate only slightly from the algebraic soliton of the Benjamin-Ono equation

  10. Molecular-Field Calculation of the Magnetic Structure in Erbium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, J.

    1976-01-01

    A molecular-field calculation of the magnetic configurations in Er is found to reproduce the neutron diffraction results of the three different magnetic phases and to give a reasonable fit to the magnetization data at 4.2K. The two-ion coupling is considered to be described by the inter......-planar coupling parameters deduced from the dispersion of the spin waves in the low temperature conical phases. The four (effective) crystal-field parameters are determined by the fit to the experimental data. Projecting the magnetic moments present in the intermediate phase of Er (18-52.4K) to a common origin...

  11. Magnetic and structural properties of yellow europium oxide compound and Eu(OH)3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Dongwook; Seo, Jiwon; Valladares, Luis de los Santos; Avalos Quispe, O.; Barnes, Crispin H.W.

    2015-01-01

    A new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound was prepared from europium oxide in a high vacuum environment. The structural and magnetic properties of the material were investigated. Owing to the absence of a crystal structure, the material exhibited a disordered magnetic behavior. In a reaction with deionized (DI) water without applied heat, the compound assumed a white color as soon as the DI water reached the powder, and the structure became polycrystalline Eu(OH) 3 . The magnetic properties, such as the thermal hysteresis, disappeared after the reaction with DI water, and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened. The magnetic properties of Eu(OH) 3 were also examined. Although Eu 3+ is present in Eu(OH) 3 , a high magnetic moment due to the crystal field effect was observed. - Graphical abstract: (top left) Optical image of the yellow europium oxide compound. (top right) Optical image of the product of DI water and yellow europium oxide. (bottom) Magnetization curves as a function of temperature measured in various magnetic field. - Highlights: • We prepared a new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound from europium oxide. • We characterized the magnetic properties of the material which exhibits a disordered magnetic behavior such as thermal hysteresis. • The compound turned white (Eu(OH) 3 ) as soon as the DI water reached the powder. • The thermal hysteresis disappeared after the reaction with DI water and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened

  12. Structure of boundary layers of plasmas confined by magnetic fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laval, G.; Pellat, R.

    1963-01-01

    The structure of a transition sheath between a magnetically confined plasma and vacuum is investigated. A one-dimensional, static solution of the collisionless Vlasov equation is sought. The two kinds of particles are assumed to have unequal masses, M- and M+, and temperatures, T- and T+; and the parameter λ 2 = (M-/M+) (T-/T+) = (R-/R+) (R-, R+ are Larmor radii) is introduced. For non-relativistic particles, the result is obtained that no physical solution can exist except for λ = 1 without trapped particles. The problem for Maxwellian distribution functions, no charge separation field λ = 1 + α with α small, and with trapped particles, is investigated. For negative α, only trapped ions are needed, and the distribution function of trapped particles that provides the thinnest sheath can be calculated. A complete solution of the problem with unequal masses, charge separation field, and trapped electrons is given. The sheath thickness is about four Larmor radii, a good physical picture if stable. (authors) [fr

  13. Spatial structure of summertime ionospheric plasma near magnetic noon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. W. Sims

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Results are presented from a multi-instrument study of the spatial distribution of the summertime, polar ionospheric electron density under conditions of relatively stable IMF Bz<0. The EISCAT Svalbard radar revealed a region of enhanced densities near magnetic noon that, when comparing radar scans from different local times, appeared to be spatially confined in longitude. This was identified as the tongue-of-ionisation (TOI that comprised photoionisation of sub-auroral origin that is drawn poleward into the polar cap by the anti-sunward flow of the high-latitude convection. The TOI was bounded in longitude by high-latitude troughs; the pre-noon trough on the morning side with a minimum near 78° N and the post-noon trough on the afternoon side with a minimum at 80° N. Complementary measurements by radio tomography, the SuperDARN radars, and a DMSP satellite, together with comparisons with earlier modelling work, provided supporting evidence for the interpretation of the density structuring, and highlighted the role of plasma convection in the formation of summertime plasma distribution. Soft particle precipitation played only a secondary role in the modulation of the large summertime densities entering the polar cap.

  14. Spatial structure of summertime ionospheric plasma near magnetic noon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. W. Sims

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Results are presented from a multi-instrument study of the spatial distribution of the summertime, polar ionospheric electron density under conditions of relatively stable IMF Bz<0. The EISCAT Svalbard radar revealed a region of enhanced densities near magnetic noon that, when comparing radar scans from different local times, appeared to be spatially confined in longitude. This was identified as the tongue-of-ionisation (TOI that comprised photoionisation of sub-auroral origin that is drawn poleward into the polar cap by the anti-sunward flow of the high-latitude convection. The TOI was bounded in longitude by high-latitude troughs; the pre-noon trough on the morning side with a minimum near 78° N and the post-noon trough on the afternoon side with a minimum at 80° N. Complementary measurements by radio tomography, the SuperDARN radars, and a DMSP satellite, together with comparisons with earlier modelling work, provided supporting evidence for the interpretation of the density structuring, and highlighted the role of plasma convection in the formation of summertime plasma distribution. Soft particle precipitation played only a secondary role in the modulation of the large summertime densities entering the polar cap.

  15. Structure of protoplanetary discs with magnetically driven winds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khajenabi, Fazeleh; Shadmehri, Mohsen; Pessah, Martin E.; Martin, Rebecca G.

    2018-04-01

    We present a new set of analytical solutions to model the steady-state structure of a protoplanetary disc with a magnetically driven wind. Our model implements a parametrization of the stresses involved and the wind launching mechanism in terms of the plasma parameter at the disc midplane, as suggested by the results of recent, local magnetohydrodynamical simulations. When wind mass-loss is accounted for, we find that its rate significantly reduces the disc surface density, particularly in the inner disc region. We also find that models that include wind mass-loss lead to thinner dust layers. As an astrophysical application of our models, we address the case of HL Tau, whose disc exhibits a high accretion rate and efficient dust settling at its midplane. These two observational features are not easy to reconcile with conventional accretion disc theory, where the level of turbulence needed to explain the high accretion rate would prevent a thin dust layer. Our disc model that incorporates both mass-loss and angular momentum removal by a wind is able to account for HL Tau observational constraints concerning its high accretion rate and dust layer thinness.

  16. NUTRITION SUPPORT COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENT WHO UNDERWENT CARDIAC SURGERY

    OpenAIRE

    Krdžalić, Alisa; Kovčić, Jasmina; Krdžalić, Goran; Jahić, Elmir

    2016-01-01

    Background: The nutrition support complications after cardiac surgery should be detected and treated on time. Aim: To show the incidence and type of nutritional support complication in patients after cardiac surgery. Methods: The prospective study included 415 patients who underwent cardiac surgery between 2010 and 2013 in Clinic for Cardiovascular Disease of University Clinical Center Tuzla. Complications of the delivery system for nutrition support (NS) and nutrition itself were analy...

  17. A high-throughput exploration of magnetic materials by using structure predicting methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arapan, S.; Nieves, P.; Cuesta-López, S.

    2018-02-01

    We study the capability of a structure predicting method based on genetic/evolutionary algorithm for a high-throughput exploration of magnetic materials. We use the USPEX and VASP codes to predict stable and generate low-energy meta-stable structures for a set of representative magnetic structures comprising intermetallic alloys, oxides, interstitial compounds, and systems containing rare-earths elements, and for both types of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic ordering. We have modified the interface between USPEX and VASP codes to improve the performance of structural optimization as well as to perform calculations in a high-throughput manner. We show that exploring the structure phase space with a structure predicting technique reveals large sets of low-energy metastable structures, which not only improve currently exiting databases, but also may provide understanding and solutions to stabilize and synthesize magnetic materials suitable for permanent magnet applications.

  18. Crystallographic and magnetic structure of the novel compound ErGe 1.83

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oleksyn, O.; Schobinger-Papamantellos, P.; Ritter, C.; de Groot, C. H.; Buschow, K. H. J.

    1997-02-01

    The crystal structure and the magnetic ordering of the novel orthorhombic compound ErGe 2-x has been studied by neutron powder diffraction and magnetic measurements. The crystal structure belongs to the DyGe 1.85-type (space group Cmc2 1)·ErGe 2-x ( x = 0.17 (2)) orders antiferromagnetically below TN = 6 K and displays a metamagnetic behaviour. The magnetic cell has the same size as the chemical unit cell ( q = 0 ). The magnetic space group is Cmc2 1 (Sh 36173). At T = 1.5 K the magnetic moments of the two erbium sites have the same ordered magnetic moment values of 7.63 (6) μB/Er and are antiferromagnetically coupled leading to an uniaxial structure along the a direction.

  19. Structural, magnetic characterization (dependencies of coercivity and loss with the frequency) of magnetic cores based in Finemet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osinalde, M.; Infante, P.; Domínguez, L.; Blanco, J. M.; del Val, J. J.; Chizhik, A.; González, J.

    2017-12-01

    We report changes of coercivity, induced magnetic anisotropy, magneto-optical domain structure and frequency dependencies of coercivity and energy loss (up to 10 MHz) associated with the structural modifications produced by thermal treatments under applied magnetic field (field annealing) in toroidal wound cores of Fe73.5Cu1Nb3Si15.5B7 amorphous alloy. The thermal treatment (535 °C, 1 h) leads to the typical nanocrystalline structure of α-Fe(Si) nanograins (60-65% relative volume, 10-20 nm average grain size embedded in a residual amorphous matrix, while the magnetic field with the possibility to be applied in two directions to the toroidal core axis, that is in transverse (which is equivalent to the transverse direction of the ribbon) or longitudinal (equivalent to the longitudinal direction of the ribbon), develops a macroscopic uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in the transverse (around 245 J/m3) or longitudinal (around 85 J/m3) direction of the ribbon, respectively. It is remarkable the quasi-unhysteretic character of the cores with these two kinds of field annealing as comparing with that of the as-quenched one. Magneto-optical study by Kerr-effect of the ribbons provides useful information on the domain structure of the surface in agreement with the direction and intensity of the induced magnetic anisotropy. This induced uniaxial magnetic anisotropy plays a very important role on the Hc(f) and EL(f) curves, (f: frequency), being drastic the presence and direction of the induced magnetic anisotropy. In addition, these frequency dependencies show a significant change at the frequency around 100 Hz.

  20. Surface structure of quark stars with magnetic fields

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We investigate the impact of magnetic fields on the electron distribution of the electrosphere of quark stars. For moderately strong magnetic fields of ∼ 1013 G, quantization effects are generally weak due to the large number density of electrons at surface, but can nevertheless affect the photon emission properties of quark ...

  1. Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of the polyoxovanadate ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The magnetic susceptibility studies indicate that the interactions between the V centres in I are predominantly antiferromagnetic in nature and the compound shows highly frustrated behaviour. The magnetic properties are compared to the theoretical calculations based on the Heisenberg model, in addition to correlating to ...

  2. Structure and magnetic properties of Zr–Mn substituted strontium ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    nets, telecommunication and components in microwave, high frequency and magneto-optical devices [1–5]. Each of the mentioned applications requires special mag- netic properties; hence, the magnetic properties of hexaferrite must be tuned to make it suitable for different applications. One of the ways to modify magnetic ...

  3. Structures, energetics and magnetic properties of AunSFem and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bheema

    bond length would have increased the magnetic moment of the Fe atom, but due to the hybridization of Au and Fe orbitals, ... the cluster stability is increased on the addition of a single sulfur atom to the AunFem clusters. A special stability is ...... Localization of 3d and 4d Electrons in Small Clusters: The. "roots" of magnetism.

  4. NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF MAGNETIC FIELD STRUCTURE IN CYLINDRICAL FILM SCREEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. F. Gromyko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A numerical method for solving the boundary value problem for a nonlinear magnetostatic equation describing the external magnetostatic field penetration through the cylindrical film coating is developed. A mathematical model of the shielding problem based on the use of the boundary conditions of the third kind on the film surface is studied. The nonlinear dependence of the film magnetic permeability on magnetic field conforms with experimental data. The distribution of the magnetic field strength in the film layer and the magnetic permeability of the film material depending on the magnitude of the external magnetic field strength are investigated numerically.

  5. Magnetic and structural properties of the magnetic shape memory compound Ni2Mn1.48Sb0.52

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brown, P J; Gandy, A P; Neumann, K U; Sheikh, A; Ziebeck, K R A; Ishida, K; Oikawa, K; Ito, W; Kainuma, R; Kanomata, T; Ouladdiaf, B

    2010-01-01

    Magnetization and high resolution neutron powder diffraction measurements on the magnetic shape memory compound Ni 2 Mn 1.48 Sb 0.52 have confirmed that it is ferromagnetic below 350 K and undergoes a structural phase transition at T M ∼310 K. The high temperature phase has the cubic L2 1 structure with a = 5.958 A, with the excess manganese atoms occupying the 4(b) Sb sites. In the cubic phase above ∼310 K the manganese moments are ferromagnetically aligned. The magnetic moment at the 4(a) site is 1.57(12) μ B and it is almost zero (0.15(9) μ B ) at the 4(b) site. The low temperature orthorhombic phase which is only fully established below 50 K has the space group Pmma with a cell related to the cubic one by a Bain transformation a orth = (a cub + b cub )/2; b orth = c cub and c orth = (a cub - b cub ). The change in cell volume is ∼2.5%. The spontaneous magnetization of samples cooled in fields less than 0.5 T decreases at temperatures below T M and at 2 K the magnetic moment per formula unit in fields up to 5.5 T is 2.01(5) μ B . Neutron diffraction patterns obtained below ∼132 K gave evidence for a weak incommensurate magnetic modulation with propagation vector (2/3, 1/3, 0).

  6. Nonaxisymmetric Rossby vortex instability with toroidal magnetic fields in structured disks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Cong [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Li, Hui [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    We investigate the global nonaxisymmetric Rossby vortex instability (RVI) in a differentially rotating, compressible magnetized accretion disk with radial density structures. Equilibrium magnetic fields are assumed to have only the toroidal component. Using linear theory analysis, we show that the density structure can be unstable to nonaxisymmetric modes. We find that, for the magnetic field profiles we have studied, magnetic fields always provide a stabilizing effect to the unstable RVI modes. We discuss the physical mechanism of this stabilizing effect. The threshold and properties of the unstable modes are also discussed in detail. In addition, we present linear stability results for the global magnetorotational instability when the disk is compressible.

  7. The role of the nature of pillars in the structural and magnetic properties of magnetic pillared vlays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bachir, Cherifa; Lan, Yanhua; Mereacre, Valeriu

    2011-01-01

    of pillared clays by examining in detail the influence of the calcination temperature and the nature of different pillared clays on these properties. Magnetic layered systems from different pillared clays were prepared and characterized. Firstly, Ti-, Al-, and Zr-pillared clays (Ti-PILCs, Al-PILCs, and Zr......-PILCs, respectively) were produced at different calcination temperatures and then magnetic pillared clays (Ti-M-PILCs, Al-M-PILCs, and Zr-M-PILCs) were prepared at ambient temperature. The synthesis involves a reduction in aqueous solution of the original Fe-exchanged pillared clay using NaBH4. The structural....... Similar experiments with Al- and Zr-pillars have been discussed. A correlation between the XRF data, porosity, FF calculation, and magnetic properties led to the conclusion that the sample Al-M-PILC previously calcined at 500 degrees C was the most stable material after the magnetization process. The same...

  8. Thermal, magnetic, and structural properties of soft magnetic FeCrNbCuSiB alloy ribbons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosales-Rivera, A.; Valencia, V.H.; Quintero, D.L.; Pineda-Gomez, P.; Gomez, M.

    2006-01-01

    The thermal, magnetic and structural properties of amorphous magnetic Fe 73.5-x Cr x Nb 3 Cu 1 Si 13.5 B 9 alloy ribbons, with x=0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10, were studied by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), magneto-impedance measurements and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The ribbons exhibit ultrasoft magnetic behavior, especially giant magneto-impedance effect, GMI. A three-peak behavior was observed in GMI curves. Particular attention has been given to observation of crystallization kinetics via DSC and TGA. The primary crystallization T pcr , and Curie T c , temperatures were determined from DSC and TGA data, respectively. The effect of partial substitution of iron by Cr on the thermal and magnetic properties is discussed

  9. Revealing the correlation between real-space structure and chiral magnetic order at the atomic scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauptmann, Nadine; Dupé, Melanie; Hung, Tzu-Chao; Lemmens, Alexander K.; Wegner, Daniel; Dupé, Bertrand; Khajetoorians, Alexander A.

    2018-03-01

    We image simultaneously the geometric, the electronic, and the magnetic structures of a buckled iron bilayer film that exhibits chiral magnetic order. We achieve this by combining spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy and magnetic exchange force microscopy (SPEX) to independently characterize the geometric as well as the electronic and magnetic structures of nonflat surfaces. This new SPEX imaging technique reveals the geometric height corrugation of the reconstruction lines resulting from strong strain relaxation in the bilayer, enabling the decomposition of the real-space from the electronic structure at the atomic level and the correlation with the resultant spin-spiral ground state. By additionally utilizing adatom manipulation, we reveal the chiral magnetic ground state of portions of the unit cell that were not previously imaged with spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy alone. Using density functional theory, we investigate the structural and electronic properties of the reconstructed bilayer and identify the favorable stoichiometry regime in agreement with our experimental result.

  10. Multiple magnetic interactions in A-site-ordered perovskite-structure oxides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimakawa, Yuichi; Mizumaki, Masaichiro

    2014-11-26

    Multiple magnetic interactions in A-site-ordered perovskite-structure oxides AA'3B2B'2O12 with A'-site Cu and B-site Fe ions are highlighted here. Several new compounds with this structure type were obtained by high-pressure synthesis and have been given unusual magnetic properties due to multiple interactions of Cu and Fe ions (A'-A', A'-B, A'-B', B-B, B-B', and B'-B' interactions). The magnetic interaction is discussed here in light of the results of magnetic structure analysis with neutron powder diffraction data and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectra obtained in x-ray absorption experiments. The characteristic structural framework with ordered cation arrangements and the variation in the oxidation state of the ions at the A' and B sites are shown to play roles crucial for the diverse and intriguing physical properties of these new compounds.

  11. Finite element analysis of structural response of superconducting magnet for a fusion reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reich, M.; Powell, J.; Bezler, P.; Chang, T.Y.; Prachuktam, S.

    1975-01-01

    In the proposal Tokamak fusion reactor, the superconducting unit consists of an assembly of D-shaped magnets standing vertically and arranged in a toroidal configuration. Each magnet is a composite structure comprised of Nb-22%Ti and Nb-48%Ti, and stabilizing metals such as copper and aluminum or stainless steel held together by reinforced epoxies which also serve as insulators and spacers. The magnets are quite large, typically 15-20 meters in diameter with rectangular cross sections around 0.93x2m. Under static loading condition, the magnet is subjected to dead weight and large magnetic field forces, which may induce high stresses in the structure. Furthermore, additional stresses due to earthquake must also be considered for the design of the component. Both static and dynamic analyses of a typical field magnet have been performed by use of the finite element method. The magnet was assumed to be linearly elastic with equivalent homogeneous material properties. Various finite element models have been considered in order to better represent the structure for a particular loading case. For earthquake analysis, the magnet was assumed to be subjected to 50% of the El Centro 1940 earthquake and the dynamic response was obtained by the displacement spectrum analysis procedure. In the paper, numerical results are presented and the structure behavior of the magnet under static and dynamic loading conditions is discussed

  12. Magnetic Structure and Dielectric State in the Multiferroic Ca$_{2}$CoSi$_{2}$O$_{7}$

    OpenAIRE

    Soda, Minoru; Hayashida, Shohei; Yoshida, Toshiya; Akaki, Mitsuru; Hagiwara, Masayuki; Avdeev, Maxim; Zaharko, Oksana; Masuda, Takatsugu

    2017-01-01

    Magnetic structure of the multiferroic Ca$_{2}$CoSi$_{2}$O$_{7}$ was determined by neutron diffraction techniques. Combination of the polycrystalline and single-crystal samples experiments revealed a collinear antiferromagnetic structure with the easy axis along $$ directions. The dielectric state was discussed in the framework of the spin-dependent $d$-$p$ hybridization mechanism, leading to the realization of the antiferroelectric structure. The origin of the magnetic anisotropy was discuss...

  13. Structure of sunspot penumbrae - Fallen magnetic flux tubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wentzel, Donat G.

    1992-01-01

    A model is presented of a sunspot penumbra involving magnetic flux tubes that have fallen into the photosphere and float there. An upwelling at the inner end of a fallen tube continuously provides additional gas. This gas flows along and lengthens the tube and is observable as the Evershed flow. Fallen flux tubes may appear as bright streaks near the upwelling, but they become dark filaments further out. The model is corroborated by recent optical high-resolution magnetic data regarding the penumbral filaments, by the 12-micron magnetic measurements relevant to the height of the temperature minimum, and by photographs of the umbra/penumbra boundary.

  14. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    2013-01-01

    The magnet is fully stopped and at room temperature. The maintenance works and consolidation activities on the magnet sub-systems are progressing. To consolidate the cryogenic installation, two redundant helium compressors will be installed as ‘hot spares’, to avoid the risk of a magnet downtime in case of a major failure of a compressor unit during operation. The screw compressors, their motors, the mechanical couplings and the concrete blocks are already available and stored at P5. The metallic structure used to access the existing compressors in SH5 will be modified to allow the installation of the two redundant ones. The plan is to finish the installation and commissioning of the hot spare compressors before the summer 2014. In the meantime, a bypass on the high-pressure helium piping will be installed for the connection of a helium drier unit later during the Long Shutdown 1, keeping this installation out of the schedule critical path. A proposal is now being prepared for the con...

  15. Prediction of structures and magnetic orientations in solid alpha and beta-O2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etters, R. D.; Helmy, A. A.; Kobashi, K.

    1983-01-01

    A quasi-harmonic-lattice-dynamics method coupled with a pattern-recognition optimization scheme is used to determine the minimum energy structures and magnetic orientations of solid oxygen. It is shown that the magnetic interaction is responsible for the stability of alpha-O2 with respect to beta-O2 at zero temperature and pressure. The calculated alpha-O2 lattice parameters, magnetic orientations, and sublimation energy are in good agreement with experiment. Phonon dispersion curves are calculated at vector k not equal to zero and the acoustic sound velocities are determined. The rms translational and orientational fluctuations from equilibrium are also calculated. The beta-O2 phase is described by constraining the magnetic moments so that the magnetic Hamiltonian preserves the hexagonal symmetry of the crystal. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experiments, and a three-sublattice, quasi-helical magnetic orientation is predicted from structural and energetic considerations.

  16. Imaging nanoscale magnetic structures with polarized soft x-ray photons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, P.; Im, M.-Y.

    2010-01-18

    Imaging nanoscale magnetic structures and their fast dynamics is scientifically interesting and technologically of highest relevance. The combination of circularly polarized soft X-ray photons which provide a strong X-ray magnetic circular dichroism effect at characteristic X-ray absorption edges, with a high resolution soft X-ray microscope utilizing Fresnel zone plate optics allows to study in a unique way the stochastical behavior in the magnetization reversal process of thin films and the ultrafast dynamics of magnetic vortices and domain walls in confined ferromagnetic structures. Future sources of fsec short and high intense soft X-ray photon pulses hold the promise of magnetic imaging down to fundamental magnetic length and time scales.

  17. Crystal structure and magnetism of Fe2(OH)[B2O4(OH)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurayoshi, Yotaro; Hara, Shigeo; Sato, Hirohiko

    2014-01-01

    The structure and magnetism of Fe2(OH)[B2O4(OH)] are reported. Powder x-ray diffraction reveals a characteristic structure containing two crystallographically independent zigzag-ladder chains of magnetic Fe2+ ions. Magnetization measurements reveal a phase transition at 85 K, below which a weak...... spontaneous magnetization (approximate to 0.15 μB/Fe) appears. Below 85 K, magnetization increases with decreasing temperature down to 70 K, below which it decreases and approaches a constant value at low temperature. The Mossbauer spectrum at room temperature is composed of two paramagnetic doublets...... corresponding to the two crystallographic Fe2+ sites. Below 85 K, each doublet undergoes further splitting because of the magnetic hyperfine fields. The temperature dependence of the hyperfine field is qualitatively different for the two distinguishable Fe2+ sites. This is responsible for the anomalous...

  18. Method of magnetic susceptibility mapping of drilled cores. Experimental measurements for geologic structures determination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delrive, C.

    1993-01-01

    The evaluation of the safety of a deep geologic repository for dangerous materials requires the knowledge of the interstitial system of the surrounding host rock. A method is proposed for the determination of geologic structures (in particular fractures) from the magnetic susceptibility mapping of drilled cores. The feasibility of the method has been demonstrated using a SQUID magneto-gradient meter. A measurement tool using a new magnetic susceptibility captor and a testing bench have been developed. This tool allows the measurement of rocks with a magnetic susceptibility greater than 10 -5 SI units and can generate magnetic susceptibility maps with 4 x 4 mm 2 pixels. A magnetic visibility criterion has been defined which allows to foresee if a structure is visible or not. According to the measurements done, it is shown that any centimeter-scale structure with a sufficient magnetic contrast (20%) with respect to the matrix is visible. Therefore, the dip and the orientation of such structure can be determined with a 3 degree and a 5 degree precision, respectively. The position of the structure along the core axis is known with a 4 mm precision. On the other hand, about half of the magnetic contrasts observed do not correspond to the visual analyses and can be explained by very small variations of the mineralogic composition. This last point offers some interesting ways for future research using magnetic susceptibility mapping. (J.S.). 31 refs., 90 figs., 18 tabs., 2 photos., 6 appends

  19. Direct Determination of Atomic Structure and Magnetic Coupling of Magnetite Twin Boundaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chunlin; Li, Hongping; Seki, Takehito; Yin, Deqiang; Sanchez-Santolino, Gabriel; Inoue, Kazutoshi; Shibata, Naoya; Ikuhara, Yuichi

    2018-03-27

    Clarifying how the atomic structure of interfaces/boundaries in materials affects the magnetic coupling nature across them is of significant academic value and will facilitate the development of state-of-the-art magnetic devices. Here, by combining atomic-resolution transmission electron microscopy, atomistic spin-polarized first-principles calculations, and differential phase contrast imaging, we conduct a systematic investigation of the atomic and electronic structures of individual Fe 3 O 4 twin boundaries (TBs) and determine their concomitant magnetic couplings. We demonstrate that the magnetic coupling across the Fe 3 O 4 TBs can be either antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic, which directly depends on the TB atomic core structures and resultant electronic structures within a few atomic layers. Revealing the one-to-one correspondence between local atomic structures and magnetic properties of individual grain boundaries will shed light on in-depth understanding of many interesting magnetic behaviors of widely used polycrystalline magnetic materials, which will surely promote the development of advanced magnetic materials and devices.

  20. New structures of Fe3S for rare-earth-free permanent magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Shu; Zhao, Xin; Wu, Shunqing; Nguyen, Manh Cuong; Zhu, Zi-zhong; Wang, Cai-Zhuang; Ho, Kai-Ming

    2018-02-01

    We applied an adaptive genetic algorithm (AGA) to search for low-energy crystal structures of Fe3S. A number of structures with energies lower than that of the experimentally reported Pnma and I-4 structures have been obtained from our AGA searches. These low-energy structures can be classified as layer-motif and column-motif structures. In the column-motif structures, Fe atoms self-assemble into rods with a bcc type of underlying lattice, which are separated by the holes terminated by S atoms. In the layer-motif structures, the bulk Fe is broken into slabs of several layers passivated by S atoms. Magnetic property calculations showed that the column-motif structures exhibit reasonably high uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. In addition, we examined the effect of Co doping to Fe3S and found that magnetic anisotropy can be enhanced through Co doping.

  1. Structural and magnetic relaxations of mechanically alloyed Fe–Mo

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jirásková, Yvonna; Buršík, Jiří; Turek, Ilja; Cizek, J.; Prochazka, I.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 43 (2014), s. 35001-35001 ISSN 0022-3727 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP108/11/1350 Grant - others:KU(CZ) P108-13-09436S Institutional support: RVO:68081723 Keywords : mechanical alloying * nanostructure * magnetic properties * relaxation Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.721, year: 2014

  2. Influence of Magnetic Topology on Mars' Ionospheric Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, D.; Xu, S.; Mitchell, D. L.; Fillingim, M. O.; Lillis, R. J.; Andersson, L.; Fowler, C. M.; Benna, M.; Connerney, J. E. P.; Elrod, M. K.; Girazian, Z.; Vogt, M.

    2017-12-01

    The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission has been in Mars' orbit since September 2014 (>1 Mars year), and has collected particle and field data within the ionosphere over wide ranges of altitudes, latitudes, and local times. This study uses MAVEN data to (1) analyze the influence of magnetic topology on the day-side ionosphere and (2) identify the sources of the night-side ionosphere. On the day side, magnetic strength and elevation angle are commonly used as proxies for magnetic topology. In this study, we use pitch-angle-resolved suprathermal electron measurements by the Solar Wind Electron Analyzer (SWEA) to directly deduce the magnetic topology instead of using a proxy. On the night side, the main sources of ionospheric plasma are bulk transport and plasma pressure gradient flow from the day side, as well as in situ production by electron impact ionization (EII). Plasma transport at Mars is complicated by the presence of intense crustal magnetic fields. Closed crustal magnetic fields form isolated plasma environments ("miniature magnetospheres") that inhibit external sources of cold ionospheric plasma as well as suprathermal (ionizing) electrons. Inside these closed magnetic loops, we study how the plasma evolves with bulk flow transport as the only source. By comparing closed and non-closed magnetic configurations, the effects of pressure gradient flow and EII can be distinguished. Finally, the densities of O2+, O+, and NO+, as measured by the Neutral Gas and Ion Mass Spectrometer (NGIMS), are examined. Inside miniature magnetospheres on the night side, the abundances of these species are found to be primarily controlled by the different recombination rates, as there is little plasma created within these regions by EII or transported from the neighboring regions by plasma pressure gradient flow.

  3. Doppler velocity fields in magnetic structures and their surroundings

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klvaňa, Miroslav; Bumba, Václav; Švanda, Michal

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 30, č. 1 (2006), s. 21-30 ISSN 1845-8319. [Central European Solar Physics Meeting /2./. Bairisch Kölldorf, 19.05.2005-21.05.2005] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA3003404; GA ČR GA205/04/2129 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10030501 Keywords : solar photosphere * velocity field * magnetic and non-magnetic regions Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics

  4. Structure and magnetic properties of chromium doped cobalt molybdenum nitrides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guskos, Niko; Żołnierkiewicz, Grzegorz; Typek, Janusz; Guskos, Aleksander [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Piastów 48, 70-311 Szczecin (Poland); Adamski, Paweł; Moszyński, Dariusz [Institute of Inorganic Chemical Technology and Environment Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Pułaskiego 10, 70-322 Szczecin (Poland)

    2016-09-15

    Four nanocomposites containing mixed phases of Co{sub 3}Mo{sub 3}N and Co{sub 2}Mo{sub 3}N doped with chromium have been prepared. A linear fit is found for relation between Co{sub 2}Mo{sub 3}N and chromium concentrations. The magnetization in ZFC and FC modes at different temperatures (2–300 K) and in applied magnetic fields (up to 70 kOe) have been investigated. It has been detected that many magnetic characteristics of the studied four nanocomposites correlate not with the chromium concentration but with nanocrystallite sizes. The obtained results were interpreted in terms of magnetic core-shell model of a nanoparticle involving paramagnetic core with two magnetic sublattices and a ferromagnetic shell related to chromium doping. - Highlights: • A new chromium doped mixed Co-Mn-N nanocomposites were synthesized. • Surface ferromagnetism was detected in a wide temperature range. • Core-shell model was applied to explain nanocomposites magnetism.

  5. Long wave dispersion relations for surface waves in a magnetically structured atmosphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rae, I.C.; Roberts, B.

    1983-01-01

    A means of obtaining approximate dispersion relations for long wavelength magnetoacoustic surface waves propagating in a magnetically structured atmosphere is presented. A general dispersion relation applying to a wide range of magnetic profiles is obtained, and illustrated for the special cases of a single interface and a magnetic slab. In the slab geometry, for example, the dispersion relation contains both the even (sausage) and odd (kink) modes in one formalism

  6. Structural and magnetic properties of core-shell iron-iron oxide nanoparticles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhn, Luise Theil; Bojesen, A.; Timmermann, L.

    2002-01-01

    We present studies of the structural and magnetic properties of core-shell iron-iron oxide nanoparticles. alpha-Fe nanoparticles were fabricated by sputtering and subsequently covered with a protective nanocrystalline oxide shell consisting of either maghaemite (gamma-Fe2O3) or partially oxidized...... magnetite (Fe3O4). We observed that the nanoparticles were stable against further oxidation, and Mossbauer spectroscopy at high applied magnetic fields and low temperatures revealed a stable form of partly oxidized magnetite. The nanocrystalline structure of the oxide shell results in strong canting...... of the spin structure in the oxide shell, which thereby modifies the magnetic properties of the core-shell nanoparticles....

  7. X-Ray and Neutron Scattering Study of the Magnetic Structure of Neodymium Metal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lebech, Bente; Als-Nielsen, Jens Aage; McEwen, K. A.

    1979-01-01

    A combined x-ray and neutron diffraction study has shown that the so-called "triple-q⃗" structure is not the correct model of the magnetic structure of neodymium. The x-ray data showed only the Bragg reflections originating from the double-hcp lattice. Hence, all additional reflections observed...... below TN by neutrons are of magnetic origin. Additional neutron-diffraction data have shown that the magnetic structure must be described by modulation wave vectors with components both parallel and perpendicular to the 〈100〉 axes....

  8. X-ray magnetic microscopy for correlations between magnetic domains and crystal structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Denbeaux, G.; Anderson, E.; Bates, B.; Chao, W.; Liddle, J.A.; Harteneck, B.; Pearson, A.; Salmassi, F.; Schneider, G.; Fischer, P.; Eimuller, T.; Taylor, S.; Chang, H.; Kusinski, G.J.

    2002-01-01

    Accurately determining the resolution of x-ray microscopes has been a challenge because good test patterns for x-ray microscopy have been hard to make. We report on a sputter-deposited multilayer imaged in cross section as a test pattern with small features and high aspect ratios. One application of high-resolution imaging is magnetic materials. Off-axis bend magnet radiation is known to have a component of circular polarization which can be used for x-ray magnetic circular dichroism. We calculate the integrated circular polarization collected by the illumination optics in the XM-1 full-field x-ray microscope. (authors)

  9. CFA Films in Amorphous Substrate: Structural Phase Induction and Magnetization Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, M. A.; Bohn, F.; Escobar, V. M.

    We report a systematic study of the structural and quasi-static magnetic properties, as well as of the dynamic magnetic response through MI effect, in Co2FeAl and MgO//Co2FeAl single layers and a MgO//Co2FeAl/Ag/Co2FeAl trilayered film, all grown onto an amorphous substrate. We present a new route to induce the crystalline structure in the Co2FeAl alloy and verify that changes in the structural phase of this material leads to remarkable modifications of the magnetic anisotropy and, consequently, dynamic magnetic behavior. Considering the electrical and magnetic properties of the Co2FeAl, our results open new possibilities for technological applications of this full-Heusler alloy in rigid and flexible spintronic devices.

  10. Structural and Magnetic Properties of Co-Mn-Sb Thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meinert, M.; Schmalhorst, J.-M.; Ebke, D.; Liu, N. N.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Kanak, J.; Stobiecki, T.; Arenholz, E.

    2009-12-17

    Thin Co-Mn-Sb films of different compositions were investigated and utilized as electrodes in alumina based magnetic tunnel junctions with CoFe counterelectrode. The preparation conditions were optimized with respect to magnetic and structural properties. The Co-Mn-Sb/Al-O interface was analyzed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism with particular focus on the element-specific magnetic moments. Co-Mn-Sb crystallizes in different complex cubic structures depending on its composition. The magnetic moments of Co and Mn are ferromagnetically coupled in all cases. A tunnel magnetoresistance ratio of up to 24% at 13 K was found and indicates that Co-Mn-Sb is not a ferromagnetic half-metal. These results are compared to recent works on the structure and predictions of the electronic properties.

  11. Fabrication, morphological, structural and magnetic properties of electrodeposited Fe{sub 3}Pt nanowires and nanotubes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khan, U. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Adeela, N. [Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Li, Wenjing; Irfan, M.; Javed, K.; Riaz, S. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Han, X.F., E-mail: xfhan@iphy.ac.cn [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2017-02-15

    Highly ordered Fe{sub 3}Pt nanowires (NWs) and nanotubes (NTs) embedded in anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template have been fabricated by dc electrodeposition method. Response of heat treatment on structural and magnetic properties of the samples has been studied with and without the presence of magnetic field (1 T). X-Ray Diffraction analysis shows chemically ordered L1{sub 2} face centered cubic (FCC) as the dominant phase for Fe{sub 3}Pt NWs and heat treatment improves crystallinity with retained its phase. Whereas, Fe{sub 3}Pt NTs show amorphous behavior with and without magnetic field annealing. Furthermore, magnetic properties of the samples have been investigated by vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Magnetic parameters of Fe{sub 3}Pt including magnetic coercivity, saturation magnetization, squareness and shape of MH-loops have been investigated as a result of simple and MF annealing. - Highlights: • Fe{sub 3}Pt NWs and NTs embedded into anodic alumina templates have been synthesized by dc electrodeposition method. • Structural analysis (XRD) confirmed the formation of fcc structure. • Magnetic properties have been measured as a function of simple and magnetic field annealing.

  12. MAGNETIC STRUCTURE AND MAGNETIC IMAGING OF RE{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B (RE=Nd,Pr) PERMANENT MAGNETS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ZHU,Y.; VOLKOV,V.V.

    2000-04-20

    This chapter aims to review the magnetic structures observed in the RE{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B (RE = Nd, Pr) system using various TEM magnetic imaging techniques. The authors focus on studies of die-upset Nd-based permanent magnets conducted mainly at Brookhaven National Laboratory in the past several years. Investigations on Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets and single crystals, as well as Pr-Fe-B die-upset magnets also will be covered. In Sec.2 and Sec.3 they review the microstructure, including grain alignment and secondary phases of the materials, and grain boundary structure and composition of the intergranular phase. Sec.4 is devoted to the domain structure, such as the width of domain and domain wall and domain-wall energy. Monte Carlo simulation of the effects of demagnetization fields will be presented in Sec.5. In-situ experiments on the dynamic behavior of domain reorientation as a function of temperature, pinning, grain boundary nucleation related to coercivity under various fields are described in Sec.6. Finally, in Sec.7 the correlation between microstructure and properties are discussed.

  13. Magnetization Dynamics in Two Novel Current-Driven Spintronic Memory Cell Structures

    KAUST Repository

    Velazquez-Rizo, Martin

    2017-07-01

    In this work, two new spintronic memory cell structures are proposed. The first cell uses the diffusion of polarized spins into ferromagnets with perpendicular anisotropy to tilt their magnetization followed by their dipolar coupling to a fixed magnet (Bhowmik et al., 2014). The possibility of setting the magnetization to both stable magnetization states in a controlled manner using a similar concept remains unknown, but the proposed structure poses to be a solution to this difficulty. The second cell proposed takes advantage of the multiple stable magnetic states that exist in ferromagnets with configurational anisotropy and also uses spin torques to manipulate its magnetization. It utilizes a square-shaped ferromagnet whose stable magnetization has preferred directions along the diagonals of the square, giving four stable magnetic states allowing to use the structure as a multi-bit memory cell. Both devices use spin currents generated in heavy metals by the Spin Hall effect present in these materials. Among the advantages of the structures proposed are their inherent non-volatility and the fact that there is no need for applying external magnetic fields during their operation, which drastically improves the energy efficiency of the devices. Computational simulations using the Object Oriented Micromagnetic Framework (OOMMF) software package were performed to study the dynamics of the magnetization process in both structures and predict their behavior. Besides, we fabricated a 4-terminal memory cell with configurational anisotropy similar to the device proposed, and found four stable resistive states on the structure, proving the feasibility of this technology for implementation of high-density, non-volatile memory cells.

  14. Nanocrystalline structure formation and magnetic hysteresis properties of Y-Fe-Co-B alloys

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tereshina, I. S.; Tereshina, Evgeniya; Burkhanov, G.S.; Dobatkin, S.V.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 1 (2010), s. 82-87 ISSN 1606-5131. [International Symposium on Bulk Nanostructures Materials /2./. Ufa, 22.09.2009-26.09.2009] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : R-Fe-B magnets * melt spinning * structure Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 0.649, year: 2010

  15. Cu doped ZnO pellets: study of structure and Cu specific magnetic properties

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vachhani, P.S.; Dalba, G.; Ramamoorthy, R.K.; Rocca, F.; Šipr, Ondřej; Bhatnagar, A.K.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 24, č. 50 (2012), s. 1-7 ISSN 0953-8984 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP108/11/0853 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : ZnO * doping * structure * magnetism Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.355, year: 2012

  16. Effects of crystallite size on the structure and magnetism of ferrihydrite

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, Xiaoming; Zhu, Mengqiang; Koopal, L.K.; Li, Wei; Xu, Wenqian; Liu, Fan; Zhang, Jing; Liu, Qingsong; Feng, Xionghan; Sparks, D.L.

    2016-01-01

    The structure and magnetic properties of nano-sized (1.6 to 4.4 nm) ferrihydrite samples are systematically investigated through a combination of X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray pair distribution function (PDF), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and magnetic analyses. The XRD, PDF and Fe K-edge

  17. An investigation of the magnetic structure of PrO2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gardiner, C.H.; Boothroyd, A.T.; Lister, S.J.S.

    2002-01-01

    We present a neutron-diffraction study of the crystal structure and magnetic ordering of PrO2. The magnetic moment of the Pr4+ ion is determined from separate single-crystal and powder measurements, and both values are found to agree with a previous powder study. Our powder data reveal a new aspect...

  18. Magnetic Properties and Structure of Chromium Niobium Oxide and Iron Tantalum Oxide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørlund Christensen, A.; Johansson, T.; Lebech, Bente

    1976-01-01

    Crystal structures were obtained from X-ray powder patterns. The magnetic properties were investigated between 4.2 and 300K by magnetization measurements and neutron diffraction. Both compounds show spin-glass transitions at low temperatures. In CrNbO4, the cusp in the susceptibility is observed ...

  19. REVIEWS OF TOPICAL PROBLEMS Small-angle neutron scattering in structure research of magnetic fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avdeev, Mikhail V.; Aksenov, Viktor L.

    2011-01-01

    A magnetic fluid (MF) is a liquid dispersion of magnetic nanoparticles coated by surfactants for stabilization. The MF research reviewed in this paper is primarily aimed at investigating the atomic and magnetic structure of MF particles and the way they interact under various conditions by means of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The presence of a liquid carrier in the structure and the magnetic properties of MFs, which are very close to those of an ideal superparamagnetic system, allow the effective use of the major neutron scattering features: the strong effect of hydrogen-deuterium isotopic substitution and magnetic scattering. An extension of the contrast variation technique to the structure research on polydisperse and superparamagnetic systems is proposed. The cases of noninteracting and interacting particles, the latter with cluster formation taken into account, are considered for non-magnetized and magnetized MFs. The polarized neutron scattering analysis of the structure of magnetized MFs is illustrated by examples. Topical problems in further developing the method to study multiparameter systems are identified.

  20. Small-angle neutron scattering in structure research of magnetic fluids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Avdeev, Mikhail V; Aksenov, Viktor L

    2011-01-01

    A magnetic fluid (MF) is a liquid dispersion of magnetic nanoparticles coated by surfactants for stabilization. The MF research reviewed in this paper is primarily aimed at investigating the atomic and magnetic structure of MF particles and the way they interact under various conditions by means of small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The presence of a liquid carrier in the structure and the magnetic properties of MFs, which are very close to those of an ideal superparamagnetic system, allow the effective use of the major neutron scattering features: the strong effect of hydrogen-deuterium isotopic substitution and magnetic scattering. An extension of the contrast variation technique to the structure research on polydisperse and superparamagnetic systems is proposed. The cases of noninteracting and interacting particles, the latter with cluster formation taken into account, are considered for non-magnetized and magnetized MFs. The polarized neutron scattering analysis of the structure of magnetized MFs is illustrated by examples. Topical problems in further developing the method to study multiparameter systems are identified. (reviews of topical problems)

  1. Magnetic structure of the magnetocaloric compound AlFe2B2

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cedervall, J.; Andersson, M. S.; Sarkar, T.; Delczeg-Czirjak, E. K.; Bergqvist, L.; Hansen, T. C.; Beran, Přemysl; Nordblad, P.; Sahlberg, M.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 664, APR (2016), s. 784-791 ISSN 0925-8388 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : X-ray diffraction * neutron diffraction * magnetic structure Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.133, year: 2016

  2. Effect of hydrostatic and uniaxial pressure on structural and magnetic transitions in TbNiAl

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaštil, Jiří; Klicpera, M.; Prchal, J.; Míšek, Martin; Prokleška, J.; Javorský, P.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 585, Feb (2014), s. 98-102 ISSN 0925-8388 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : magnetic ordering * electrical resistivity * hydrostatic pressure * structural transition Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.999, year: 2014

  3. Neutron diffraction studies of the magnetic structures of TbRu2Si2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kawano, S.; Lebech, B.; Shigeoka, T.

    2000-01-01

    We have confirmed by neutron diffraction that the high-temperature phase of TbRu2Si2 exhibits a magnetic one-dimensional modulation with Q=(3/13 0 0), while for the intermediate phase the modulation becomes two-dimensional with many satellites. At low-temperature the magnetic structure changes...

  4. Structural and magnetic properties of size-controlled Mn0.5Zn0 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    nanomaterials is the fact that their microscopic structure – which results from the synthesis method – largely affects the macroscopic properties, giving rise to a wide variety of new phenomena. Among various physical and magnetic proper- ties of nanoferrites, high value of room-temperature magnetization and low Curie.

  5. Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis in a Patient who Underwent Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nevzat Dabak

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS is a rare, benign, but a locally aggressive tumor. It is characterized by the proliferation of synovial membrane, but it can also be seen in tendon sheaths and bursae. Clinical presentation of solitary lesions include compression and locking of the joint suggesting loose bodies in the joint and a subsequent findings of an effusion, whereas diffuse lesions manifest with pain and chronic swelling. In this article, we presented a curious case of PVNS in a female patient who have been followed up due to an acetabular cystic lesion. She underwent total hip arthroplasty for severe osteoarthritis of the hip joint and associated pain. The diagnosis of PVNS was established intraoperatively. (The Me­di­cal Bul­le­tin of Ha­se­ki 2014; 52: 235-7

  6. ALGORITHM FOR MANAGEMENT OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS UNDERWENT UROLOGY INTERVENTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Davydova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study the efficacy of cardiovascular non-invasive complex assessment and pre-operative preparation in hypertensive patients needed in surgical treatment of urology dis- eases.Material and methods. Males (n=883, aged 40 to 80 years were included into the study. The main group consisted of patients that underwent laparotomic nephrectomy (LTN group; n=96 and patients who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy (LSN group; n=53. Dynamics of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM data was analyzed in these groups in the immediate postoperative period. The efficacy of a package of non-invasive methods for cardiovascular system assessment was studied. ABPM was performed after nephrectomy (2-nd and 10-th days after surgery in patients with complaints of vertigo episodes or intense general weakness to correct treatment.Results. In LTN group hypotension episodes or blood pressure (BP elevations were observed in 20 (20.8% and 22 (22.9% patients, respectively, on the 2-nd day after the operation. These complications required antihypertensive treatment correction. Patients with hypotension episodes were significantly older than patients with BP elevation and had significantly lower levels of 24-hour systolic BP, night diastolic BP and minimal night systolic BP. Re-adjustment of antihypertensive treatment on the 10-th postoperative day was required to 2 (10% patients with hypotension episodes and to 1 (4.5% patient with BP elevation. Correction of antihypertensive therapy was required to all patients in LSN group on the day 2, and to 32 (60.4% patients on the 10-th day after the operation. Reduction in the incidence of complications (from 1.2% in 2009 to 0.3% in 2011, p<0.001 was observed during the application of cardiovascular non-invasive complex assessment and preoperative preparation in hypertensive patients.Conclusion. The elaborated management algorithm for patients with concomitant hypertension is recommended to reduce the cardiovascular

  7. ALGORITHM FOR MANAGEMENT OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS UNDERWENT UROLOGY INTERVENTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Davydova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study the efficacy of cardiovascular non-invasive complex assessment and pre-operative preparation in hypertensive patients needed in surgical treatment of urology dis- eases.Material and methods. Males (n=883, aged 40 to 80 years were included into the study. The main group consisted of patients that underwent laparotomic nephrectomy (LTN group; n=96 and patients who underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy (LSN group; n=53. Dynamics of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM data was analyzed in these groups in the immediate postoperative period. The efficacy of a package of non-invasive methods for cardiovascular system assessment was studied. ABPM was performed after nephrectomy (2-nd and 10-th days after surgery in patients with complaints of vertigo episodes or intense general weakness to correct treatment.Results. In LTN group hypotension episodes or blood pressure (BP elevations were observed in 20 (20.8% and 22 (22.9% patients, respectively, on the 2-nd day after the operation. These complications required antihypertensive treatment correction. Patients with hypotension episodes were significantly older than patients with BP elevation and had significantly lower levels of 24-hour systolic BP, night diastolic BP and minimal night systolic BP. Re-adjustment of antihypertensive treatment on the 10-th postoperative day was required to 2 (10% patients with hypotension episodes and to 1 (4.5% patient with BP elevation. Correction of antihypertensive therapy was required to all patients in LSN group on the day 2, and to 32 (60.4% patients on the 10-th day after the operation. Reduction in the incidence of complications (from 1.2% in 2009 to 0.3% in 2011, p<0.001 was observed during the application of cardiovascular non-invasive complex assessment and preoperative preparation in hypertensive patients.Conclusion. The elaborated management algorithm for patients with concomitant hypertension is recommended to reduce the cardiovascular

  8. The magnetic structure of holmium-erbium superlattices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McMorrow, D.F.; Simpson, J.A.; Cowley, R.A.; Jehan, D.A.; Ward, R.C.C.; Wells, M.R.; Thurston, T.R.; Gibbs, D.

    1994-01-01

    The effect of completing crystal-field anisotropies on magnetic order has been investigated in a series of Ho/Er superlattices using neutron and resonant x-ray magnetic diffraction techniques. The neutron diffraction reveals that for temperatures in the interval T N (Er) ≤ T ≤ T N (Ho) the Ho basal-plane order propagates coherently through the paramagnetic Er, and that below T N (Er) the longitudinal component of the Er moments fails to order across the Ho block. The magnetic superlattice peaks observed in the x-ray scattering display an anomalous energy dependence: a sharp resonance is found at L III (Ho), with no resonance visible at L III (Er). These results are discussed with reference to models of exchange in metallic superlattices

  9. Structural performance of the first SSC [Superconducting Super Collider] Design B dipole magnet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nicol, T.H.

    1989-09-01

    The first Design B Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) dipole magnet has been successfully tested. This magnet was heavily instrumented with temperature and strain gage sensors in order to evaluate its adherence to design constraints and design calculations. The instrumentation and associated data acquisition system allowed monitoring of the magnet during cooldown, warmup, and quench testing. This paper will focus on the results obtained from structural measurements on the suspension system during normal and rapid cooldowns and during quench studies at full magnet current. 4 refs., 9 figs

  10. Design optimization of seal structure for sealing liquid by magnetic fluids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Tonggang; Cheng Yusheng; Yang Zhiyi

    2005-01-01

    The durability of the magnetic fluid seal clearly decreases when sealing another liquid because of the interface instability caused by the applied magnetic field and the velocity difference of the two liquids. With an intention to establish a stable interface during sealing liquid, a new magnetic fluid seal was developed in this paper. The parameters of the structure were optimized by a simulation apparatus. And the magnetic fluid seal designed based on the optimum parameters shows good performance and long life for sealing lubricating oil

  11. Structural effects on the magnetic hyperthermia properties of iron oxide nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric C. Abenojar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs are heavily explored as diagnostic and therapeutic agents due to their low cost, tunable properties, and biocompatibility. In particular, upon excitation with an alternating current (AC magnetic field, the NPs generate localized heat that can be exploited for therapeutic hyperthermia treatment of diseased cells or pathogenic microbes. In this review, we focus on how structural changes and inter-particle interactions affect the heating efficiency of iron oxide-based magnetic NPs. Moreover, we present an overview of the different approaches to evaluate the heating performance of IONPs and introduce a new theranostic modality based on magnetic imaging guided–hyperthermia.

  12. Structures, energetics and magnetic properties of (NiSn)n clusters ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    com. MS received 11 December 2008; revised 12 May 2009; accepted 11 June 2009. Abstract. We report the results of calculations which were performed to investigate equilibrium structures, electronic and magnetic properties of stoichiometric ...

  13. Testing the structure of magnetic paints with and without superimposed shear

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Potanin, A.; Potanin, Andrei A.; Shrauti, Suresh M.; Arnold, David W.; Lane, Alan M.; Mellema, J.

    1997-01-01

    The structure development in dispersions of magnetic barium ferrite particles in cyclohexanone with polyvinylchloride wetting resin was tested by oscillatory rheological measurements and orthogonal superposition of steady and oscillatory shear. The optimum dispersion is achieved at the resin

  14. Synthesis, structure and magnetism of manganese and iron dipicolinates with N,N '-donor ligands

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uhrecký, Róbert; Svoboda, I.; Růžičková, Z.; Koman, M.; Dlháň, L.; Pavlík, J.; Moncol, J.; Boca, R.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 425, JAN (2015), s. 134-144 ISSN 0020-1693 Institutional support: RVO:61388980 Keywords : Manganese * Iron * Dipicolinate complexes * Crystal structure * Magnetism Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 1.918, year: 2015

  15. Reversible "triple-Q" elastic field structures in a chiral magnet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yangfan; Wang, Biao

    2016-07-26

    The analytical solution of the periodic elastic fields in chiral magnets caused by presence of periodically distributed eigenstrains is obtained. For the skyrmion phase, both the periodic displacement field and the stress field are composed of three "triple-Q" structures with different wave numbers. The periodic displacement field, obtained by combining the three "triple-Q" displacement structures, is found to have the same lattice vectors with the magnetic skyrmion lattice. We find that for increasing external magnetic field, one type of "triple-Q" displacement structure and stress structure undergo a "configurational reversal", where the initial and the final field configuration share similar pattern but with opposite direction of all the field vectors. The solution obtained is of fundamental significance for understanding the emergent mechanical properties of skyrmions in chiral magnets.

  16. Reversible “triple-Q” elastic field structures in a chiral magnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yangfan; Wang, Biao

    2016-01-01

    The analytical solution of the periodic elastic fields in chiral magnets caused by presence of periodically distributed eigenstrains is obtained. For the skyrmion phase, both the periodic displacement field and the stress field are composed of three “triple-Q” structures with different wave numbers. The periodic displacement field, obtained by combining the three “triple-Q” displacement structures, is found to have the same lattice vectors with the magnetic skyrmion lattice. We find that for increasing external magnetic field, one type of “triple-Q” displacement structure and stress structure undergo a “configurational reversal”, where the initial and the final field configuration share similar pattern but with opposite direction of all the field vectors. The solution obtained is of fundamental significance for understanding the emergent mechanical properties of skyrmions in chiral magnets. PMID:27457629

  17. Structural and magnetic studies of Cr doped nickel ferrite thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panwar, Kalpana, E-mail: kalpanapanwar99@gmail.com [Department of Pure & Applied Physics, University of Kota, Kota-324010 (India); Department of Physics, Govt. Women Engg. College, Ajmer-305002 (India); Heda, N. L. [Department of Pure & Applied Physics, University of Kota, Kota-324010 (India); Tiwari, Shailja [Department of Physics, Govt. Women Engg. College, Ajmer-305002 (India); Bapna, Komal; Ahuja, B. L. [Department of Physics, M. L. Sukhadia University, Udaipur-313001 (India); Choudhary, R. J.; Phase, D. M. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Indore-452017 (India)

    2016-05-23

    We have studied the structural and magnetic properties of Cr doped nickel ferrite thin films deposited on Si (100) and Si (111) using pulsed laser deposition technique. The films were deposited under vacuum and substrate temperature was kept at 700°C. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that films on both substrates have single phase cubic spinel structure. However, the film grown on Si (111) shows better crystalline behavior. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy suggests that films on both substrates have mixed spinel structure. These films show magnetic hysteresis behavior and magnetization value of film on Si (100) is larger than that on Si (111). It turns out that structural and magnetic properties of these two films are correlated.

  18. A video-image study of electrolytic flow structure in parallel electric-magnetic fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gu, Z.H.; Fahidy, T.Z.

    1987-01-01

    The structure of free convective flow propagating from a vertical cathode into the electrolyte bulk has been studied via video-imaging. The enhancing effect of imposed horizontal uniform magnetic fields is manifest by vortex propagation and bifurcating flow

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of mechanochemically synthesized nanocrystalline titanium monoxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barudžija Tanja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nano-sized titanium monoxide (TiO powder was prepared by mechanochemical synthesis. A mixture of commercial Ti and TiO2 (rutile powders with the molar ratio of 1:1 was milled in a planetary ball mill for 5, 10, 20, 30 and 60 min under argon atmosphere. The final single-phase titanium monoxide sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD, magnetic measurements using a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer (SQUID and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA. The temperature dependency of the magnetic susceptibility is characterized by significant contribution of Pauli paramagnetism due to conduction electrons.

  20. Magnetooptics and electronic structure of the magnetic ordering europium chalcogenides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schoenes, J.

    1975-01-01

    The absorption coefficient and the interband Faraday rotation of EuS, EuSe and EuTe thin films have been measured as function of the photon energy (1-6 eV), the temperature (2.7-300 K) and the applied magnetic field (0-11.5 kOe). In addition a magnetic field modulation technique has been developed, with a resolution of 2 x 10 -4 deg. This allows the measurement of the Faraday rotation in fields of only 100 Oe, which is important for metamagnetic samples with low critical fields. (orig./HPoe) [de

  1. Cobalt double-ring and double-dot structures: Magnetic properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    López-Urías, F.; Torres-Heredia, J.J.; Muñoz-Sandoval, E.

    2016-01-01

    The magnetization reversal mechanism of nanostructures of cobalt double-rings (D-rings) and double-dots (D-dots) is investigated in the framework of micromagnetic simulations. The arrays contain two identical coupled rings (wide and narrow) or dots with outer diameter of 200 nm and thicknesses ranging from 2–20 nm. Hysteresis loops, dipole–dipole and exchange energies are systematically calculated for the cases of the structures touching and the structures with a 50-nm inter-magnet separation; moreover, magnetization states along the hysteresis curve are analyzed. The results of both dot and ring D-magnets are compared with the corresponding individual magnets. Our results reveal that all D-ring (in contact and separated) arrays containing narrow rings exhibit non-null remanent magnetization; furthermore, higher coercive fields are promoted when the magnet thickness is increased. It is observed that the magnetization reversal is driven mainly by a clockwise rotation of onion-states, followed by states of frustrated vortices. Our results could help improve the understanding of the magnetic interactions in nanomagnet arrays.

  2. Cobalt double-ring and double-dot structures: Magnetic properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    López-Urías, F., E-mail: flo@ipicyt.edu.mx [Advanced Materials Department, IPICYT, Camino a la presa San José 2055, Col. Lomas 4a sección, 78216, San Luis Potosí S.L.P., México (Mexico); Torres-Heredia, J.J. [Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Las Choapas, Col. J. M. Rosa do, 96980, Las Choapas, Veracruz (Mexico); Muñoz-Sandoval, E. [Advanced Materials Department, IPICYT, Camino a la presa San José 2055, Col. Lomas 4a sección, 78216, San Luis Potosí S.L.P., México (Mexico)

    2016-02-15

    The magnetization reversal mechanism of nanostructures of cobalt double-rings (D-rings) and double-dots (D-dots) is investigated in the framework of micromagnetic simulations. The arrays contain two identical coupled rings (wide and narrow) or dots with outer diameter of 200 nm and thicknesses ranging from 2–20 nm. Hysteresis loops, dipole–dipole and exchange energies are systematically calculated for the cases of the structures touching and the structures with a 50-nm inter-magnet separation; moreover, magnetization states along the hysteresis curve are analyzed. The results of both dot and ring D-magnets are compared with the corresponding individual magnets. Our results reveal that all D-ring (in contact and separated) arrays containing narrow rings exhibit non-null remanent magnetization; furthermore, higher coercive fields are promoted when the magnet thickness is increased. It is observed that the magnetization reversal is driven mainly by a clockwise rotation of onion-states, followed by states of frustrated vortices. Our results could help improve the understanding of the magnetic interactions in nanomagnet arrays.

  3. Temperature dependence of the magnetic structure of TbCu2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sima, V.; Smetana, Z.; Lebech, Bente

    1986-01-01

    The orthorhombic compound TbCu2 was studied by neutron powder diffraction. The temperature development of the magnetic structure is interpreted by means of Fourier analysis of the diffraction data below TN = 55 K.......The orthorhombic compound TbCu2 was studied by neutron powder diffraction. The temperature development of the magnetic structure is interpreted by means of Fourier analysis of the diffraction data below TN = 55 K....

  4. Reversible ?triple-Q? elastic field structures in a chiral magnet

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Yangfan; Wang, Biao

    2016-01-01

    The analytical solution of the periodic elastic fields in chiral magnets caused by presence of periodically distributed eigenstrains is obtained. For the skyrmion phase, both the periodic displacement field and the stress field are composed of three ?triple-Q? structures with different wave numbers. The periodic displacement field, obtained by combining the three ?triple-Q? displacement structures, is found to have the same lattice vectors with the magnetic skyrmion lattice. We find that for ...

  5. Correlation between long-wavelength magnetic excitations and an inhomogeneous magnetic structure in γ-FeNi alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikhailov, Yu. N.; Kazantsev, V. A.

    2006-01-01

    An energy analysis of small-angle neutron scattering in Fe x Ni 1-x (x 0.50, 0.57, 0.65 at %) alloys is performed at various temperatures and wavevectors. Low-energy long-wavelength magnetic excitations other than spin waves of the Holstein-Primakoff type are detected. These data and the data obtained earlier for the Fe 0.65 Ni 0.35 alloy indicate that the density of states of the low-energy long-wavelength magnetic excitations correlates with the inhomogeneity of the magnetic structure of the alloys, which is caused by the iron concentration and a competing exchange interaction (J NiNi > 0, J FeNi > 0, J FeFe < 0)

  6. Moessbauer determination of magnetic structure of Fe3BO6 crystal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kovalenko, P.P.; Labushkin, V.G.; Ovsepyan, A.K.; Sarkisov, Eh.R.; Smirnov, E.V.; Prokopov, A.R.; Seleznev, V.N.

    1984-01-01

    The magnetic structure of a Fe 3 BO 6 crystal belonging to space group Dsub(2h)sup(16)(Psub(nma)) is determined by the Moessbauer γ-radiation diffraction. The bragg reflection (700) of Moessbauer 14.4 keV γ-quanta from the Fe 3 BO 6 monocrystal has been studied experimentally. A high sensitivity of the interference of γ-quantum diffraction scattering on Fe nuclei being in crystallographically non-equivalent 8d- and 4s-positions to the type of magnetic ordering in the crystal is used for determination of the magnetic structure. Agreement of the experimental results with the theoretical calculations, conducted for types of magnetic ordering resolved by the symmetry of the crystal, permitted to reliably determine the magnetic structure of this compound. The results obtained confirm the data of neutrondiffraction studies on magnetic ordering in Fe 3 BO 6 . Advantages of the Moessbauer-diffraction study, as compared to the magnetic neutrondiffraction method, in particular, for investigation of crystals, in which the hyperfine magnetic fields on Fe nuclei have different values, are revealed and discussed in detail

  7. Moessbauer determination of magnetic structure of Fe/sub 3/BO/sub 6/ crystal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kovalenko, P.P.; Labushkin, V.G.; Ovsepyan, A.K.; Sarkisov, Eh.R.; Smirnov, E.V.; Prokopov, A.R.; Seleznev, V.N.

    1984-10-01

    The magnetic structure of a Fe/sub 3/BO/sub 6/ crystal belonging to space group Dsub(2h)sup(16)(Psub(nma)) is determined by the Moessbauer ..gamma..-radiation diffraction. The bragg reflection (700) of Moessbauer 14.4 keV ..gamma..-quanta from the Fe/sub 3/BO/sub 6/ monocrystal has been studied experimentally. A high sensitivity of the interference of ..gamma..-quantum diffraction scattering on Fe nuclei being in crystallographically non-equivalent 8d- and 4s-positions to the type of magnetic ordering in the crystal is used for determination of the magnetic structure. Agreement of the experimental results with the theoretical calculations, conducted for types of magnetic ordering resolved by the symmetry of the crystal, permitted to reliably determine the magnetic structure of this compound. The results obtained confirm the data of neutrondiffraction studies on magnetic ordering in Fe/sub 3/BO/sub 6/. Advantages of the Moessbauer-diffraction study, as compared to the magnetic neutrondiffraction method, in particular, for investigation of crystals, in which the hyperfine magnetic fields on Fe nuclei have different values, are revealed and discussed in detail.

  8. Structural and magnetic characterization of martensitic Ni-Mn-Ga thin films deposited on Mo foil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chernenko, V.A.; Anton, R. Lopez; Kohl, M.; Barandiaran, J.M.; Ohtsuka, M.; Orue, I.; Besseghini, S.

    2006-01-01

    Three martensitic Ni 51.4 Mn 28.3 Ga 20.3 thin films sputter-deposited on a Mo foil were investigated with regard to their crystal and magnetic domain structures, as well as their magnetic and magnetostrain properties. The film thicknesses, d, were 0.1, 0.4 and 1.0μm. X-ray and electron diffraction patterns revealed a tetragonal modulated martensitic phase (10M) in the films. The surface topography and micromagnetic structure were studied by scanning probe microscopy. A maze magnetic domain structure featuring a large out-of-plane magnetization component was found in all films. The domain width, δ, depends on the film thickness as δ∼d. The thickness dependencies of the saturation magnetization, saturation magnetic field and magnetic anisotropy were clarified. Beam cantilever tests on the Ni-Mn-Ga/Mo composite as a function of magnetic field showed reversible strains, which are larger than ordinary magnetostriction

  9. Magnets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Young, I.R.

    1984-01-01

    A magnet pole piece for an NMR imaging magnet is made of a plurality of magnetic wires with one end of each wire held in a non-magnetic spacer, the other ends of the wires being brought to a pinch, and connected to a magnetic core. The wires may be embedded in a synthetic resin and the magnetisation and uniformity thereof can be varied by adjusting the density of the wires at the spacer which forms the pole piece. (author)

  10. Intermittent convective transport carried by propagating electromagnetic filamentary structures in nonuniformly magnetized plasma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, G.S.; Naulin, Volker; Fundamenski, W.

    2010-01-01

    energy, magnetic momentum, and angular momentum. The perpendicular vortex motions and the kinetic shear Alfvén waves are coupled through the parallel current and Ampere’s law, leading to field line bending. On the timescale of interchange motion τ⊥, a thermal expansion force in the direction of curvature...... filaments in a nonuniformly and strongly magnetized plasma are revisited. We systemize the Lagrangian-invariant-based method. Six Lagrangian invariants are employed to describe structure motion and the resultant convective transport, namely, magnetic flux, background magnetic energy, specific entropy, total...... gradient is converted into the kinetic energy of convective motion and the magnetic energy of field line bending through reversible pressure-volume work as a result of the plasma compressibility in an inhomogeneous magnetic field. On the timescale of parallel acoustic response τ∥⪢τ⊥, part of the filament...

  11. Structural and morphological investigation of magnetic nanoparticles based on iron oxides for biomedical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddad, Paula S. [Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron (LNLS), Caixa Postal 6192, CEP 13083-970, Campinas-SP (Brazil)], E-mail: pferreira@lnls.br; Martins, Tatiana M. [Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron (LNLS), Caixa Postal 6192, CEP 13083-970, Campinas-SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin (IFGW), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Caixa Postal 6165, CEP 13083-970, Campinas-SP (Brazil); D' Souza-Li, Lilia [Laboratorio de Endocrinologia Pediatrica da Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas (FCM), UNICAMP, Caixa Postal 6111, CEP 13083-970, Campinas-SP (Brazil); Li, Li M. [Departamento de Neurologia da FCM, UNICAMP, Caixa Postal 6111, CEP 13083-970, Campinas-SP (Brazil); Metze, Konradin; Adam, Randall L. [Grupo interdisciplinar ' Patologia Analitica Celular' , Departamento de Anatomia Patologica da FCM, UNICAMP, Caixa Postal 6111, CEP 13083-970, Campinas-SP (Brazil); Knobel, Marcelo [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin (IFGW), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Caixa Postal 6165, CEP 13083-970, Campinas-SP (Brazil); Zanchet, Daniela [Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron (LNLS), Caixa Postal 6192, CEP 13083-970, Campinas-SP (Brazil)

    2008-05-01

    The present work reports the synthesis, characterization and properties of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications, correlating the nanoscale tunabilities in terms of size, structure, and magnetism. Magnetic nanoparticles in different conditions were prepared through thermal decomposition of Fe(acac){sub 3} in the presence of 1,2 hexadecanodiol (reducing agent) and oleic acid and oleylamine (ligands) in a hot organic solvent. The 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) was exchanged onto the nanocrystal surface making the particles stable in water. Nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Preliminary tests of incorporation of these nanoparticles in cells and their magnetic resonance image (MRI) were also carried out. The magnetization characterizations were made by isothermal magnetic measurements.

  12. Interface magnetism and electronic structure: ZnO(0001)/Co3O4 (111)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupchak, I. M.; Serpak, N. F.; Shkrebtii, A.; Hayn, R.

    2018-03-01

    We have studied the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of spinel Co3O4 (111) surfaces and their interfaces with ZnO(0001) using density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation with the on-site Coulomb repulsion term. Two possible forms of spinel surface, containing Co2 + or Co3 + ions and terminated with either cobalt or oxygen ions, were considered, as well as their interface with zinc oxide. Our calculations demonstrate that Co3 + ions attain nonzero magnetic moments at the surface and interface, in contrast to the bulk, where they are not magnetic, leading to the ferromagnetic ordering. Since heavily Co doped ZnO samples can contain a Co3O4 secondary phase, such magnetic ordering at the interface might explain the origin of the magnetism in such diluted magnetic semiconductors.

  13. Structural and Magnetic model of self-assembled FePt nanoparticle arrays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomson, T

    2004-01-01

    Chemically ordered, self-assembled FePt nanoparticle arrays with high magnetic anisotropy are considered a candidate medium for data storage beyond 1 Tbit/in 2 . We report comprehensive structural and magnetic studies on thin (3 layer) assemblies of polyethylenimine (PEI) and 4 nm Fe 58 Pt 42 nanoparticles using X-ray diffraction, small angle neutron scattering and magnetometry. We show that prior to annealing FePt nanoparticles in the PEI-FePt assembly consist of a metallic, magnetic core surrounded by a weakly magnetic or non-magnetic shell. High temperature annealing creates the desired L1 0 chemical ordering and results in high coercivity FePt nanoparticles. However, we find that the high temperatures necessary to establish full chemical ordering leads to particle sintering and agglomeration. Understanding the magnetic and physical properties of these assemblies allows future research directions to be clarified for nanoparticle arrays as data storage media

  14. Structural, Magnetic and Mossbauer Studies of Magnesium Ferrite Nanoparticles Prepared by Hydrothermal Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurian, Jessyamma; Mathew, M. Jacob

    Magnesium ferrite (MgFe2O4) being a soft magnetic material with fast frequency response, high a.c. heat power generation and high biocompatibility, is widely used in biomedical fields such as targeted drug delivery, magnetic hyperthermia, etc. This paper reports the synthesis of magnetic MgFe2O4 nanoparticles by hydrothermal method using chloride salts of metal ions. The effect of calcination on the structural and magnetic properties is studied by XRD, FTIR, VSM and Mossbauer spectrum analysis. Fine particles in the size range 3-24nm are obtained. On calcination, crystallite size increases and lattice parameter decreases. From the magnetic characterization, it is seen that the magnetic properties mainly depend on crystallite size and cation distribution. The mixed spinel states of the prepared materials are confirmed from the FTIR and Mossbauer spectrum analysis. The doublet spectrum obtained in the Mossbauer studies indicates the superparamagnetic relaxation at room temperature.

  15. Magnetic and structural characterization of the semiconductor FeIn2Se4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Torres, T.; Sagredo, V.; Chalbaud, L.M. de; Attolini, G.; Bolzoni, F.

    2006-01-01

    Plate-like single crystals of magnetic semiconductor FeIn 2 Se 4 were grown with a chemical vapour transport technique. The X-ray powder diffraction analyses suggest that the compound crystallize in the hexagonal structure with space group P3m1. We have performed dc magnetization measurements at different magnetic fields on the diluted magnetic semiconductor FeIn 2 Se 4 . Low field magnetizations measurements shows irreversibility in the DC magnetization, as evidenced by field cooled and zero field cooled measurements below 17 K, suggesting a spin-glass like behaviour. The high-temperature susceptibility data follow a typical Curie-Weiss law with θ=-183±2 K which suggest the presence of predominant antiferromagnetic interactions with high degree of frustration. The randomness and frustration necessary for spin-glass behaviour are explained in a manner compatible with the cation and charge ordering present in the material

  16. Structural and morphological investigation of magnetic nanoparticles based on iron oxides for biomedical applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haddad, Paula S.; Martins, Tatiana M.; D'Souza-Li, Lilia; Li, Li M.; Metze, Konradin; Adam, Randall L.; Knobel, Marcelo; Zanchet, Daniela

    2008-01-01

    The present work reports the synthesis, characterization and properties of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications, correlating the nanoscale tunabilities in terms of size, structure, and magnetism. Magnetic nanoparticles in different conditions were prepared through thermal decomposition of Fe(acac) 3 in the presence of 1,2 hexadecanodiol (reducing agent) and oleic acid and oleylamine (ligands) in a hot organic solvent. The 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) was exchanged onto the nanocrystal surface making the particles stable in water. Nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Preliminary tests of incorporation of these nanoparticles in cells and their magnetic resonance image (MRI) were also carried out. The magnetization characterizations were made by isothermal magnetic measurements

  17. Experimental Investigation of the Spiral Structure of a Magnetic Capsule Endoscope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanan Yang

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Fitting a wireless capsule endoscope (WCE with a navigation feature can maximize its functional benefits. The rotation of a spiral-type capsule can be converted to translational motion. The study investigated how the spiral structure and rotational speed affected the capsule's translation speed. A hand-held instrument, including two permanent magnets, a stepper motor, a controller and a power supplier, were designed to generate rotational magnetic fields. The surfaces of custom-built permanent magnet rings magnetized radially were mounted in spiral lines with different lead angles and diameters, acting as mock-up capsules. The experimental results demonstrate that the rotational speed of the magnetic field and the spiral have significant effects on the translational speed of a capsule. The spiral line with a larger lead angle and the rotating magnetic field with a higher speed can change the capsule's rotation into a translational motion more efficiently in the intestine.

  18. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of MnB2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. The self-consistent ab-initio calculations, based on density functional theory approach and using the full potential linear augmented plane wave method, are performed to investigate both electronic and magnetic properties of the MnB2 compounds. Polarized spin and spin–orbit coupling are included in calculations ...

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of the layered compound Ca2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ter physics due to the interesting physical properties revealed by them. Among the low dimensional magnetic materials, two-dimensional compounds of the type. A3B B2O8 (A = La, Ca, Sr, Y and (B ,B) = alkali or transition metal ions) have recently attracted a lot of interest [1–5]. These compounds crystallize in the or-.

  20. Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of the polyoxovanadate ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    equipped with a normal focus, 2⋅4 kW sealed tube. X-ray source (Mo Kα radiation, λ = 0⋅71073 Å) op- ..... spin values decreases, as the Zeeman coupling to these states is stronger than to the states with smaller ... Frustration effect has been shown to be one of the strong interesting phenomena in many of the magnetic.

  1. Surface structure of quark stars with magnetic fields

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the formation of quark stars, with particular attention to the attractive quark-nova scenario which may be connected to r-process nucleosynthesis. 2. Degenerate electron gas in a strong magnetic field. Recently, a few authors [21] pointed out that the deficit of (massive) strange quarks due to surface effects on the star can lead ...

  2. Strain-induced structural, magnetic and ferroelectric properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-07-25

    Jul 25, 2017 ... deposited on the composite film surface by DC sputtering techniques. The magnetic measurements of these composite films were performed using a vibratory sample magnetometer. (VSM). Ferroelectric properties of films were measured using a Precision multiferroic analyser. All measurements were per-.

  3. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of MnB 2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The self-consistent ab-initio calculations, based on density functional theory approach and using the full potential linear augmented plane wave method, are performed to investigate both electronic and magnetic properties of the MnB2 compounds. Polarized spin and spin–orbit coupling are included in calculations within ...

  4. Structure and magnetic properties of nickel nanoparticles preparedby selective leaching

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Michalcová, A.; Svobodová, P.; Nováková, R.; Len, A.; Heczko, Oleg; Vojtěch, D.; Marek, I.; Novák, P.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 137, Dec (2014), s. 221-224 ISSN 0167-577X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-03044S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : nanoparticles * magnetic materials * metals and alloys * route * size Subject RIV: JG - Metallurgy Impact factor: 2.489, year: 2014

  5. Influence of preparation method on structural and magnetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Keywords. Nickel ferrite; sol–gel technique; co-precipitation; superparamagnetism. 1. Introduction. During the last few years, ferrite nanoparticles have drawn major attention because of their technological im- portance in high density magnetic storage, electronic and microwave devices, telecommunication equipments,.

  6. Density functional theory study of structure, electronic and magnetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ABHIJIT DUTTA

    2018-01-30

    Jan 30, 2018 ... Abstract. Rhodium clusters are very important finite size materials because of their unique electronic, magnetic and catalytic properties. Tuning the physical and chemical properties of rhodium clusters by incorporating different metal and non-metal atoms have found a great research interest in recent years.

  7. Influence of preparation method on structural and magnetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    portance in high density magnetic storage, electronic and microwave devices ... power transformers and low loss materials at high fre- quencies (Abraham 1994). High permeability in the radio frequency region, high electrical resistivity, high Curie temperature and low eddy current loss are important properties of nickel ...

  8. Neutron decoherence imaging for visualizing bulk magnetic domain structures

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Grünzweig, C.; David, C.; Bunk, O.; Dierolf, M.; Frei, G.; Kühne, G.; Kohlbrecher, J.; Schäfer, R.; Lejček, Pavel; Ronnow, H.M.R.; Pfeiffer, F.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 101, č. 2 (2008), 025504/1-025504/4 ISSN 0031-9007 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : Fe-3%Si single crystal Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 7.180, year: 2008

  9. Crystal structure and magnetism of UOsAl

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Andreev, Alexander V.; Daniš, S.; Šebek, Josef; Henriques, Margarida Isabel Sousa; Vejpravová, Jana; Gorbunov, Denis; Havela, L.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 428, Apr (2017), s. 144-147 ISSN 0304-8853 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA16-03593S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : uranium intermetallics * laves phases * Pauli paramagnetism Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism OBOR OECD: Condensed matter physics (including formerly solid state physics, supercond.) Impact factor: 2.630, year: 2016

  10. Pressure-induced magnetic structures in UNiGa

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sechovský, V.; Prokeš, K.; Honda, F.; Ouladdiaf, B.; Kulda, Jiří

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 74, č. 1 (2002), s. S834-S836 ISSN 0947-8396 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK1010104 Keywords : magnetoelastic phenomena Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 2.231, year: 2002

  11. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of MnB2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    4Institute of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnologies, MAScIR, Rabat, Morocco. 5Hassan II Academy of Science and Technology, Rabat, ... based on density functional theory approach and using the full potential linear augmented plane wave method, are performed to investigate both electronic and magnetic properties.

  12. Structural and magnetic phase formation in nanophase brass–iron ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the fcc phase as a function of Fe concentration was investigated by Mössbauer spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The grain size, lattice parameters, and average hyperfine magnetic field distributions were estimated for the nanophase alloys. The fcc phase was observed to persist up to 40 atomic per cent Fe substitutions, ...

  13. Order-disorder phase transformations and magnetic structure of (Ni1-xCox)Mn alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dorofeev, Yu.A.; Men'shikov, A.Z.; Teplykh, A.E.

    2000-01-01

    By means of neutron diffraction one investigated into structure and magnetic states in (Ni 1-x Co x )Mn hardened and annealed alloys. The order-disorder phase transition from the ordered tetragonal phase to the disordered cubic one was shown to occur in the hardened alloys at x ≅ 0.3 and in the annealed ones at x ≅ 0.7. Θ-NiMn magnetic structure when cobalt substituted for nickel was determined to way in such a way that manganese magnetic moments was reoriented from direction in the tetragonal phase to direction in the cubic one and the local magnetic moment in manganese atoms was reduced from 3.8 μ B up to 1.4μ B . There is no magnetic moment in nickel and cobalt atoms both in tetragonal and in cubic phases [ru

  14. Transition metal implanted ZnO. A correlation between structure and magnetism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Shengqiang

    2008-07-01

    Nowadays ferromagnetism is often found in potential diluted magnetic semiconductor systems. However, many authors question the origin of this ferromagnetism, i.e. if the observed ferromagnetism stems from ferromagnetic precipitates rather than from carriermediated magnetic coupling of ionic impurities, as required for a diluted magnetic semiconductor. In this thesis, this question will be answered for transition-metal implanted ZnO single crystals. Magnetic secondary phases, namely metallic Fe, Co and Ni nanocrystals, are formed inside ZnO. They are - although difficult to detect by common approaches of structural analysis - responsible for the observed ferromagnetism. Particularly Co and Ni nanocrystals are crystallographically oriented with respect to the ZnO matrix. Their structure phase transformation and corresponding evolution of magnetic properties upon annealing have been established. Finally, an approach, pre-annealing ZnO crystals at high temperature before implantation, has been demonstrated to sufficiently suppress the formation of metallic secondary phases. (orig.)

  15. Structural Health Monitoring of Superconducting Magnets at CERN Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors

    CERN Document Server

    Chiuchiolo, A; Perez, J C; Bajas, H; Guinchard, M; Giordano, M; Breglio, G; Consales, M; Cusano, A

    2014-01-01

    The use of Fiber Bragg Grating sensors is becoming particularly challenging for monitoring different parameters in extreme operative conditions such as ultra-low temperatures, high electromagnetic fields and strong mechanical stresses. This work reports the use of the FBG for a new generation of accelerator magnets with the goal to develop an adequate sensing technology able to provide complementary or alternative information to the conventional strain gauges through the whole service life of the magnet. The study is focused on the mechanical performances of the magnet structure, which has to preserve the sensitive coils from any damage during the entire magnet fabrication process preventing even microscopic movements of the winding that can eventually initiate a transition from superconducting to normal conducting state of the material used (called in the specific literature as “quench”). The FBGs have been glued on the aluminium structure of two magnets prototypes by using an adhesive suitable for cryog...

  16. Competing effect of spin-orbit torque terms on perpendicular magnetization switching in structures with multiple inversion asymmetries

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Guoqiang; Akyol, Mustafa; Upadhyaya, Pramey; Li, Xiang; He, Congli; Fan, Yabin; Montazeri, Mohammad; Alzate, Juan G.; Lang, Murong; Wong, Kin L.; Khalili Amiri, Pedram; Wang, Kang L.

    2016-01-01

    Current-induced spin-orbit torques (SOTs) in structurally asymmetric multilayers have been used to efficiently manipulate magnetization. In a structure with vertical symmetry breaking, a damping-like SOT can deterministically switch a perpendicular magnet, provided an in-plane magnetic field is applied. Recently, it has been further demonstrated that the in-plane magnetic field can be eliminated by introducing a new type of perpendicular field-like SOT via incorporating a lateral structural a...

  17. Subsurface Structure Determination of Geotermal Area in Siogung-ogung Samosir District by Using Magnetic Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tampubolon, Togi; Hutahaean, Juniar; Siregar, Suryani N. J.

    2018-03-01

    Underwater research often uses geomagnets. It is one of the geophysical methods for measuring magnetic field variations. This research was done to identify how the subsurface rock structure is and determine kinds of rock based on its susceptibility value in Siogung-ogung geothermal area, Pangururan, Samosir District. The tool measurement of total magnetic field called Proton Precission Magnetometer, positioning using Global Position System, and north axis determination using geological compass. Data collection was done randomly with total 51 measuring points obtained. Data analysis started with International geomagnetics Reference Field correction to obtain the total magnetic field anomaly. Then, the data analysis of total magnetic anomaly was done by using surfer program 12. To get a magnetic anomaly cross section used Magdc For Windows program. Magnetic measurement results indicated that the variation of magnetic field strength in each point with the lowest magnetic intensity value of 41785.67 nano tesla. The highest magnetic intensity value is 43140, 33. From the results of qualitative interpretation, the magnetic anomaly value is at -200.92 to 1154.45 whereas the quantitative interpretive results of model show the existence of degradation and andesitic rocks, with the value of susceptibility

  18. Magnetic and structural properties of yellow europium oxide compound and Eu(OH){sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Dongwook, E-mail: dongwookleedl324@gmail.com [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J Thomson Av., Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Seo, Jiwon, E-mail: jiwonseo@yonsei.ac.kr [Department of Physics and IPAP, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Valladares, Luis de los Santos [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J Thomson Av., Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Avalos Quispe, O. [Laboratorio de Cerámicos y Nanomateriales, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Ap. Postal 14-0149, Lima, Perú (Peru); Barnes, Crispin H.W. [Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J. J Thomson Av., Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

    2015-08-15

    A new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound was prepared from europium oxide in a high vacuum environment. The structural and magnetic properties of the material were investigated. Owing to the absence of a crystal structure, the material exhibited a disordered magnetic behavior. In a reaction with deionized (DI) water without applied heat, the compound assumed a white color as soon as the DI water reached the powder, and the structure became polycrystalline Eu(OH){sub 3}. The magnetic properties, such as the thermal hysteresis, disappeared after the reaction with DI water, and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened. The magnetic properties of Eu(OH){sub 3} were also examined. Although Eu{sup 3+} is present in Eu(OH){sub 3}, a high magnetic moment due to the crystal field effect was observed. - Graphical abstract: (top left) Optical image of the yellow europium oxide compound. (top right) Optical image of the product of DI water and yellow europium oxide. (bottom) Magnetization curves as a function of temperature measured in various magnetic field. - Highlights: • We prepared a new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound from europium oxide. • We characterized the magnetic properties of the material which exhibits a disordered magnetic behavior such as thermal hysteresis. • The compound turned white (Eu(OH){sub 3}) as soon as the DI water reached the powder. • The thermal hysteresis disappeared after the reaction with DI water and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened.

  19. Frequency of Helicobacter pylori in patients underwent endoscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Tay

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate thefrequency of Helicobacter pylori in patients underwent endoscopyeastern Anatolia.Materials and methods: The patients whose endoscopicantral biopsies were taken for any reason in our endoscopyunit in February-June 2010 period were includedand retrospectively investigated. The frequency of Helicobacterpylori was determined as separating the patientsaccording to general, sex and the age groups. Antral biopsieswere stained with hematoxylin-eosin and modified giemsamethod and examined under light microscope andreported as (+ mild, (++ moderate, (+++ severe positiveaccording to their intensities.Results: Biopsy specimens of 1298 patients were includedinto the study. The mean age was 47.5 ± 17.5 years(range 14-88 and 607 of these patients (47% were male.Histopathological evaluation revealed that, 918 of the patientswere (71% positive and 379 (29% were negativefor Helicobacter pylori. Approximately 60% of our patientshad mild, 29% had moderate and 11% had severe positivityfor Helicobacter pylori. No significant difference wasfound in the frequency of Helicobacter pylori betweenwomen and men. The frequencies of Helicobacter pyloriwere 73.2%, 71.5%, 68.6% and 70.4%, respectively, inthe age groups of 14-30 years, 31-45 years, 46-60 yearsand 61-88 years.Conclusion: The frequency of Helicobacter pylori was71% in Eastern Anatolia Region. No statistically significantdifference was found between genders and agegroups in term of the frequency of Helicobacter pylori.

  20. Design of end magnetic structures for the Advanced Light Source wigglers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Humphries, D.; Akre, J.; Hoyer, E.; Marks, S.; Minamihara, Y.; Pipersky, P.; Plate, D.; Schlueter, R.

    1995-01-01

    The vertical magnetic structures for the Advanced Light planar wiggler and 20 cm period elliptical hybrid permanent magnet design. The ends of these structures are characterized by diminishing scalar potential distributions the poles which control beam trajectories. They incorporate electromagnetic correction coils to dynamically correct for variations in the first integral of the field as a function of gap. A permanent magnet trim mechanism is incorporated to minimize the transverse integrated error field distribution. The ends were designed using analytic and computer modeling techniques. The design and modeling results are presented

  1. Magnetic structure of cross-shaped permalloy arrays embedded in silicon wafers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Machida, Kenji; Tezuka, Tomoyuki; Yamamoto, Takahiro; Ishibashi, Takayuki; Morishita, Yoshitaka; Koukitu, Akinori; Sato, Katsuaki

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes the observed magnetic structure and the micromagnetic simulation of cross-shaped, permalloy (Ni 80 Fe 20 ) arrays embedded in silicon wafers. The nano-scale-width, cross-shaped patterns were fabricated using the damascene technique, electron beam lithography, and chemical mechanical polishing. The magnetic poles were observed as two pairs of bright and dark spots at the ends of the crossed-bars using a magnetic force microscope. The force gradient distributions were simulated based on micromagnetic calculations and tip's stray field calculations using the integral equation method. This process of calculation successfully explains the appearance of the poles and complicated spin structure at the crossing region

  2. Formation of uniform magnetic structures and epitaxial hydride phases in Nd/Pr superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goff, J.P.; Bryn-Jacobsen, C.; McMorrow, D.F.

    1997-01-01

    , and that the stacking sequence is coherent over many bilayer repeats. The neutron measurements show that for the hexagonal sites of the dhcp structure, the Nd magnetic order propagates coherently through the Pr, whereas the order on the cubic sites is either suppressed or confined to single Nd blocks. It is also shown...... that the singlet ground state of Pr is perturbed to produce a local moment on the hexagonal sites, so that in some cases there is a uniform magnetic structure throughout the superlattice. These results cast new light on the theory of magnetic interactions in rare-earth superlattices. Within a few months of growth...

  3. Structural, magnetic, and electronic transport properties of pyrochlore iridate Pr2Ir2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Harish; Chaurasia, Rachna; Kumari, Pratibha; Paramanik, A. K.

    2018-04-01

    We have studied the structural, magnetic, and electronic transport properties of pyrochlore iridate Pr2Ir2O7. Structural investigation has been done using x-ray powder diffraction and Rietveld analysis. Pr2Ir2O7 crystallize in cubic crystallographic phase with Fd-3m space group. Temperature dependent magnetization data does not show magnetic bifurcation down to 2 K. Electrical resistivity data of Pr2Ir2O7 exhibits metallic behavior throughout temperature range. Below 50 K, a small rise in resistivity data of Pr2Ir2O7 is observed down to 12 K.

  4. Development of magnetic fabric in sedimentary rocks: Insights from early compactional structures

    OpenAIRE

    García-Lasanta, C; Oliva-Urcia, Belén; Román-Berdiel, T.; Casas, A. M.; Pérez-Lorente, F.

    2013-01-01

    The timing of development of the magnetic fabric is a major issue in the application of anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) as a strain marker. Analysis of AMS in unconcealed synsedimentary structures can be a sound approximation to this task. In this work, three types of early compactional structures (ECS) were studied by means of AMS, since they can help to understand the timing of development of the magnetic fabric. All three types of ECS are found in fine-grained detrital rocks (t...

  5. Ballistic charge carrier transmission through graphene multi-barrier structures in uniform magnetic field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zubarev, A; Dragoman, D

    2014-01-01

    We investigate charge carrier transport in graphene multi-barrier structures placed in a uniform magnetic field. The transmission coefficient is found analytically by generalizing the transfer matrix method for the case of graphene regions subjected to a uniform magnetic field. The transmission coefficient through the structure can be modulated by varying the gate voltages, the magnetic field and/or the width of the gated regions. Such a configuration could be used in multiple-valued logic circuits, since it has several output states with discrete and easily selectable transmission/current values. (paper)

  6. Noncollinear Spin Structure in Fe--Ni Invar Alloy Probed by Magnetic EXAFS at High Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, Ken; Maruyama, Hiroshi; Ishimatsu, Naoki; Kawamura, Naomi; Mizumaki, Masaichiro; Irifune, Tetsuo; Sumiya, Hitoshi

    2011-02-01

    To examine theoretical models of the Invar effect, X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and magnetic extended X-ray absorption fine structure (MEXAFS) measurements are performed under high pressures at the Fe and Ni K-edges in 35.4 at. % Ni--Fe alloy. An oscillatory MEXAFS signal is observed up to 6 GPa. Its amplitude significantly decreases with increasing pressure. The magnetic component of the radial distribution function, obtained by taking the Fourier transform, shows a different reduction in the ferromagnetic correlations of Fe and Ni absorbing atoms. The present results are favorable to the noncollinear spin structure picture rather than the Fe 2γ-state model.

  7. Incommensurate and commensurate magnetic structures of the ternary germanide CeNiGe3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Durivault, L; Bouree, F; Chevalier, B; Andre, G; Weill, F; Etourneau, J; Martinez-Samper, P; Rodrigo, J G; Suderow, H; Vieira, S

    2003-01-01

    The structural properties of CeNiGe 3 have been investigated via electron diffraction and neutron powder diffraction (NPD). This ternary germanide crystallizes in the orthorhombic SmNiGe 3 -type structure (Cmmm space group). Electrical resistivity, ac- and dc-magnetization measurements show that CeNiGe 3 orders antiferromagnetically below T N = 5.5(2) K and exclude the occurrence at low temperatures of a spin-glass state for CeNiGe 3 as previously reported. Specific heat measurements and NPD both reveal two magnetic transitions, observed at T N1 = 5.9(2) K and T N2 = 5.0(2) K. Between T N1 and T N2 , the Ce magnetic moments in CeNiGe 3 are ordered in a collinear antiferromagnetic structure associated with the k 1 = (100) wavevector and showing a relationship with the magnetic structure of the Ce 3 Ni 2 Ge 7 ternary germanide. Below T N2 , this k 1 = (100) commensurate magnetic structure coexists with an incommensurate helicoidal magnetic structure associated with k 2 = (00.409(1)1/2). This last magnetic structure is highly preponderant below T N2 (93(5)% in volume). At 1.5 K, the Ce atoms in CeNiGe 3 carry a reduced ordered magnetic moment (0.8(2) μ B ). This value, smaller than that obtained in Ce 3 Ni 2 Ge 7 , results from an important hybridization of the 4f(Ce) orbitals with those of the Ni and Ge ligands

  8. Electronic and Magnetic Structures, Magnetic Hyperfine Fields and Electric Field Gradients in UX3 (X = In, Tl, Pb) Intermetallic Compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Sajid; Yazdani-Kachoei, Majid; Jalali-Asadabadi, Saeid; Farooq, Muhammad Bilal; Ahmad, Iftikhar

    2018-02-01

    Cubic uranium compounds such as UX3 (X is a non-transition element of groups IIIA or IVA) exhibit highly diverse magnetic properties, including Pauli paramagnetism, spin fluctuation and anti-ferromagnetism. In the present paper, we explore the structural, electronic and magnetic properties as well as the hyperfine fields (HFFs) and electric field gradients (EFGs) with quadrupole coupling constant of UX3 (X = In, Tl, Pb) compounds using local density approximation, Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof parametrization of generalized gradient approximation (PBE-GGA) including the Hubbard U parameter (GGA + U), a revised version of PBE-GGA that improves equilibrium properties of densely packed solids and their surfaces (PBEsol-GGA), and a hybrid functional (HF-PBEsol). The spin orbit-coupling calculations have been added to investigate the relativistic effect of electrons in these materials. The comparison between the experimental parameters and our calculated structural parameters we confirm the consistency and effectiveness of our theoretical tools. The computed magnetic moments show that magnetic moment increases from indium to lead in the UX3 family, and all these compounds are antiferromagnetic in nature. The EFGs and HFFs, as well as the quadrupole coupling constant of UX3 (X = In, Tl, Pb), are discussed in detail. These properties primarily originate from f and p states of uranium and post-transition sites.

  9. Three-dimensional analysis of the magnetic structure in Hokkaido, Japan; Hokkaido no sanjigen jiki kozo kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Makino, M. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1996-10-01

    The magnetic structure in Hokkaido was quantitatively analyzed by the magnetic anomaly distribution. This paper describes its characteristics. Detection of structural boundaries and 3-D analysis of double-layer structure were conducted for the regional magnetic data in a region with about 500 km square. There was not so large difference in patterns of magnetic anomaly distribution between the case that the direction of magnetization was set at 45{degree} to the west during the geomagnetic conversion according to Segawa and Oshima and the case that it was set as same as the current geomagnetic direction. The method of Blakely and Simpson was useful to detect the boundaries of magnetic structures. The structural boundaries obtained were more linear than the iso-magnetic contour lines. A new method has been conceived in which the approximation of 3-D magnetic structure analysis can be deduced, and the irregularity of magnetic basement can be determined by the repeated calculation. In practice, this method was applied to the magnetic data in the whole Hokkaido. The calculation was stably converged. It was found that the magnetic structure obtained in the Kamuikotan/Ishikari-Kitakami magnetic belt exhibited a fault structure having steep slopes accompanied by the basin structure in the western boundaries. 19 refs., 6 figs.

  10. Two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance studies of molecular structure in liquids and liquid crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rucker, S.P.

    1991-07-01

    Magnetic couplings between protons, such as through-space dipole couplings, and scalar J-couplings depend sensitively on the structure of the molecule. Two dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance experiments provide a powerful tool for measuring these couplings, correlating them to specific pairs of protons within the molecule, and calculating the structure. This work discusses the development of NMR methods for examining two such classes of problems -- determination of the secondary structure of flexible molecules in anisotropic solutions, and primary structure of large biomolecules in aqueous solutions. 201 refs., 84 figs., 19 tabs.

  11. Magnetic mapping for structural geology and geothermal exploration in Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercier de Lépinay, jeanne; munschy, marc; geraud, yves; diraison, marc; navelot, vivien; verati, christelle; corsini, michel; lardeaux, jean marc; favier, alexiane

    2017-04-01

    This work is implemented through the GEOTREF program which benefits from the support of both the ADEME and the French public funds "Investments for the future". The program focuses on the exploration for geothermal resources in Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles, where a geothermal power plant is in production since 1986 (Bouillante, Basse Terre). In Les Saintes archipelago, in the south of Guadeloupe, the outcrop analysis of Terre-de-Haut Island allows to point out an exhumed geothermal paleo-system that is thought to be an analogue of the Bouillante active geothermal system. We show that a detailed marine magnetic survey with a quantitative interpretation can bring information about the offshore structures around Les Saintes archipelago in order to extend the geological limits and structural elements. A similar survey and workflow is also conducted offshore Basse-Terre where more geophysical data is already available. In order to correctly link the offshore and onshore structures, the magnetic survey must be close enough to the shoreline and sufficiently detailed to correctly outline the tectonic structures. An appropriate solution for such a survey is to use a three component magnetometer aboard a speedboat. Such a boat allows more navigation flexibility than a classic oceanic vessel towing a magnetometer; it can sail at higher speed on calm seas and closer to the shoreline. This kind of magnetic acquisition is only viable because the magnetic effect of the ship can be compensated using the same algorithms than those used for airborne magnetometry. The use of potential field transforms allows a large variety of structures to be highlighted, providing insights to build a general understanding of the nature and distribution of the magnetic sources. In particular, we use the tilt angle operator to better identify the magnetic lineaments offshore in order to compare them to the faults identified onshore during the outcrop analysis. All the major faults and fractures

  12. Magnetic and structural properties of iron phosphate-phenolic soft magnetic composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taghvaei, A.H. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, School of Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shokrollahi, H. [Materials Science and Engineering Department, Shiraz University of Technology, 71555-313 Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: shokrollahi@sutech.ac.ir; Janghorban, K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, School of Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2009-12-15

    This work focuses on the effect of phosphate modification on the magnetic and surface properties of iron-phenolic soft magnetic composite materials. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, EDX analysis, distribution maps, X-ray diffraction pattern and density measurements show that the particles surface layer contains a thin layer of nanocrystalline/amorphous phosphate with high coverage of powders surface. Magnetic measurements show that phosphating treatment decreases the loss factor, imaginary part of permeability, increases the electrical resistivity and operating frequencies by decreasing the effective particle size. The operating frequency increases from 200 kHz for uncoated-powders samples to 1 MHz for phosphated-powders samples at optimum concentration. Phosphated iron powders that are covered by 0.7 wt% of phenolic resin exhibits lower magnetic loss and higher frequency stability. The minimum loss factor and maximum permeability at each frequency can be obtained for 0.01 g/ml orthophosphoric acid concentration in comparison with other concentrations including 0.005 and 0.04 g/ml.

  13. Magnetic structure of molecular magnet Fe[Fe(CN)6]·4H2O

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    is surrounded octahedrally by six nitrogen atoms and Fe3+ (1/2, 1/2, 1/2) is surrounded octahedrally by six carbon atoms. Magnetic Rietveld refinement of neutron ... diffractometer (λ = 1.249 Å) at Dhruva reactor, Trombay. For low temper- ature measurements the sample was mounted in a closed cycle helium refrigerator.

  14. The effect of magnetic nanoparticle concentration on the structure organisation of a microferrogel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryzhkov, A. V.; Melenev, P. V.; Balasoiu, M.; Raikher, Yu L.

    2018-03-01

    Coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation is applied to study the structural response of micro-sized magnetopolymer objects – microferrogels (MFG). The results for MFGs with different magnetic properties and concentrations of magnetic filler nanoparticles are analysed to detect the transition between non-aggregated configurations and the states with pronounced chains. The nanoparticles are assumed to be either magnetically isotropic or to possess infinite magnetic anisotropy. It is shown that, depending on the type of the particle anisotropy, an applied field in rather different ways affects the MFG structure and shape. Diagrams describing the degree of aggregation as a function of the parameter of the interparticle magnetodipolar interaction and concentration are presented. In particular, it is found that in the case of infinitely anisotropic nanoparticles the aggregation transitions undergoes via a non-trivial scenario. The effect of the structure transformations on the volume change of the MFG objects is studied as well.

  15. New magnetic rails with double-layer Halbach structure by employing NdFeB and ferrite magnets for HTS maglev

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ruixue; Zheng, Jun; Zheng, Botian; Qian, Nan; Li, Jipeng; Deng, Zigang

    2018-01-01

    In the high temperature superconducting (HTS) maglev system, the magnetic rail as an essential infrastructure is needed all along the route to carry passengers and goods to the destinations. Thus, large amount of rare earth magnetic materials are required in the magnetic rail construction. In order to decrease the dependence of magnetic rails on rare earth elements, the ferrite magnet is employed to replace part of the NdFeB magnets containing rare earth elements. Consequently, a new type rail with double-layer Halbach structure is presented, which is consisted of NdFeB and ferrite magnets. In this paper, we designed and fabricated the proposed rail, and further measured its magnetic flux density distribution and electromagnetic force interacting with HTS bulks. Experimental results indicate that, this new type rail, in double-layer Halbach structure, can achieve an equivalent distribution of magnetic flux density and levitation performance as the pure NdFeB Halbach rail, while a 10% reduction in NdFeB magnet consumption can be realized at the same time. In addition this work explores another magnetic material selection for HTS maglev applications. The dependence on rare earth element and the cost of magnetic rails can be further reduced, as the coercive force of ferrite magnets improved.

  16. Sterically stabilized water based magnetic fluids: Synthesis, structure and properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bica, Doina [Laboratory of Magnetic Fluids, Center for Fundamental and Advanced Technical Research, Romanian Academy, Timisoara Division, Bd. Mihai Viteazul 24, 300223 Timisoara (Romania); Vekas, Ladislau [Laboratory of Magnetic Fluids, Center for Fundamental and Advanced Technical Research, Romanian Academy, Timisoara Division, Bd. Mihai Viteazul 24, 300223 Timisoara (Romania) and National Centre for Engineering of Systems with Complex Fluids, University Politehnica Timisoara, Bd. Mihai Viteazul 1, 300222 Timisoara (Romania)]. E-mail: vekas@acad-tim.tm.edu.ro; Avdeev, Mikhail V. [Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Marinica, Oana [National Centre for Engineering of Systems with Complex Fluids, University Politehnica Timisoara, Bd. Mihai Viteazul 1, 300222 Timisoara (Romania); Socoliuc, Vlad [National Institute R and D for Electrochemistry and Condensed Matter, Str. Diaconu Coressi 144, 300588 Timisoara (Romania); Balasoiu, Maria [Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Garamus, Vasil M. [GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht (Germany)

    2007-04-15

    Magnetic fluids (MFs), prepared by chemical co-precipitation followed by double layer steric and electrostatic (combined) stabilization of magnetite nanoparticles dispersed in water, are presented. Several combinations of surfactants with different chain lengths (lauric acid (LA), myristic acid (MA), oleic acid (OA) and dodecyl-benzene-sulphonic acid (DBS)) were used, such as LA+LA, MA+MA, LA+DBS, MA+DBS, OA+DBS, OA+OA and DBS+DBS. Static light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, small angle neutron scattering, magnetic and magneto-rheological measurements revealed that MFs with MA+MA or LA+LA biocompatible double layer covered magnetite nanoparticles are the most stable colloidal systems among the investigated samples, and thus suitable for biomedical applications.

  17. Magnetism, structure and chemical order in small CoPd clusters: A first-principles study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mokkath, Junais Habeeb, E-mail: Junais.Mokkath@kaust.edu.sa

    2014-01-15

    The structural, electronic and magnetic properties of small Co{sub m}Pd{sub n}(N=m+n=8,m=0−N) nanoalloy clusters are studied in the framework of a generalized-gradient approximation to density-functional theory. The optimized cluster structures have a clear tendency to maximize the number of nearest-neighbor CoCo pairs. The magnetic order is found to be ferromagnetic-like (FM) for all the ground-state structures. Antiferromagnetic-like spin arrangements were found in some low-lying isomers. The average magnetic moment per atom μ{sup ¯}{sub N} increases approximately linearly with Co content. A remarkable enhancement of the local Co moments is observed as a result of Pd doping. This is a consequence of the increase in the number of Co d holes, due to CoPd charge transfer, combined with the reduced local coordination. The influence of spin–orbit interactions on the cluster properties is also discussed. - Highlights: • This work analyses the structural and magnetic properties of CoPd nanoclusters. • The magnetic order is found to be ferromagnetic-like for all the ground-state structures. • The average magnetic moment per atom increases approximately linearly with Co content. • The influence of spin–orbit interactions on the cluster properties is discussed.

  18. Structural, magnetic and magnetotransport properties of La0⋅7 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    of resistivity ρ(T) is in contrast to the expected me- tallic behaviour below TC due to DE interactions. Similar results were reported for La0⋅1Ce0⋅4Sr0⋅5MnO3 with the ... with low concentration of barium, i.e. a substitution level of 30%. The results of magnetic and magneto- transport properties are very much similar to that.

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of zinc- and aluminum ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Spinal ferrites having the general formula Co1-ZnFe2-AlO4 ( = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6) were prepared using the wet chemical co-operation technique. The samples were annealed at 800°C for 12 h and were studied by means of X-ray diffraction, magnetization and low field AC susceptibility measurements.

  20. Magnetic structure of a nanoparticle in mean-field approximation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Usov, N.A.; Gudoshnikov, S.A.

    2005-01-01

    Quantum mechanical Hartree-Fock approximation is used to calculate a magnetic state of a nanoparticle. The cases of ferromagnetic (FM), antiferromagnetic (AFM) and composite particles having an FM core surrounded by an AFM shell are considered in a unified manner. It is shown that effective interaction at the boundary between FM and AFM areas rotates FM and AFM spins perpendicular to each other. The coercive force of a composite particle increases as a function of the AFM shell thickness

  1. Magnetic structure of the YbMn2SbBi compound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morozkin, A.V.; Manfrinetti, P.

    2011-01-01

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Research highlights: → A neutron diffraction investigation in zero applied field of La 2 O 2 S-type YbMn 2 SbBi shows antiferromagnetic ordering below 138(3) K and ferrimagnetic ordering below 112(3) K. → Between 138 and 112 K, the magnetic structure of YbMn 2 SbBi consists of antiferromagnetically coupled ab-plane magnetic moments of the manganese atoms (D 1d magnetic point group). → Below 112(3) K, the magnetic structure of YbMn 2 SbBi becames the sum antiferromagnetic component with D 1d magnetic point group and ferromagnetic one with C 2 magnetic point group. → The magnitude of Yb and Mn magnetic moments in YbMn 2 SbBi at 2 K (M Yb = 3.6(2) μ B , M Mn = 3.5(2) μ B ) correspond to the trivalent state of the Yb ions and tetravalent state of the Mn ions. - Abstract: A neutron diffraction investigation has been carried out on the trigonal La 2 O 2 S-type (hP5, space group P3-bar ml, No. 164; also CaAl 2 Si 2 -type) YbMn 2 SbBi intermetallic compound. The YbMn 2 SbBi presents antiferromagnetic ordering below 138(3) K and ferrimagnetic ordering below 112(3) K. Between 138 and 112 K, the magnetic structure of YbMn 2 SbBi consists of antiferromagnetically coupled ab-plane magnetic moments of the manganese atoms (D 1d magnetic point group). Below 112(3) K, the ferromagnetic components of Yb and Mn begin to develop, and the magnetic structure of YbMn 2 SbBi becames the sum antiferromagnetic component with D 1d magnetic point group and ferromagnetic one with C 2 magnetic point group. The magnitude of Yb and Mn magnetic moments in YbMn 2 SbBi at 2 K (M Yb = 3.6(2) μ B , M Mn = 3.5(2) μ B ) correspond to the trivalent state of the Yb ions and tetravalent state of the Mn ions.

  2. Global enhancement and structure formation of the magnetic field in spiral galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoperskov, Sergey A.; Khrapov, Sergey S.

    2018-01-01

    In this paper we study numerically large-scale magnetic field evolution and its enhancement in gaseous disks of spiral galaxies. We consider a set of models with the various spiral pattern parameters and the initial magnetic field strength with taking into account gas self-gravity and cooling and heating processes. In agreement with previous studies we find out that galactic magnetic field is mostly aligned with gaseous structures, however small-scale gaseous structures (spurs and clumps) are more chaotic than the magnetic field structure. In spiral arms magnetic field often coexists with the gas distribution, in the inter-arm region we see filamentary magnetic field structure. These filaments connect several isolated gaseous clumps. Simulations reveal the presence of the small-scale irregularities of the magnetic field as well as the reversal of magnetic field at the outer edge of the large-scale spurs. We provide evidences that the magnetic field in the spiral arms has a stronger mean-field component, and there is a clear inverse correlation between gas density and plasma-beta parameter, compared to the rest of the disk with a more turbulent component of the field and an absence of correlation between gas density and plasma-beta. We show the mean field growth up to >3-10 μG in the cold gas during several rotation periods (>500-800 Myr), whereas ratio between azimuthal and radial field is equal to >4/1. We find an enhancement of random and ordered components of the magnetic field. Mean field strength increases by a factor of >1.5-2.5 for models with various spiral pattern parameters. Random magnetic field component can reach up to 25% from the total strength. By making an analysis of the time-dependent evolution of the radial Poynting flux, we point out that the magnetic field strength is enhanced more strongly at the galactic outskirts which is due to the radial transfer of magnetic energy by the spiral arms pushing the magnetic field outward. Our results also

  3. Magnetic and crystal structures of Er5(SixGe1-x)4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ritter, C; Magen, C; Morellon, L; Algarabel, P A; Ibarra, M R; Pecharsky, V K; Tsokol, A O; Gschneidner, K A Jr

    2006-01-01

    The magnetic and crystallographic structures in the Er 5 (Si x Ge 1-x ) 4 system have been investigated for x = 1,0.875 and 0 using macroscopic magnetic measurements and neutron powder diffraction. The existence of a first-order structural transformation from a high-temperature orthorhombic O (I) structure to a low-temperature monoclinic M polymorph in the temperature range 160-220 K has been confirmed for Er 5 Si 4 . In contrast, compounds with x = 0.875 and 0 retain their room-temperature crystallographic phases-M and O (II), respectively-on cooling down to 2 K. Both Si-containing alloys adopt canted ferromagnetic structures below T C ∼ 30 K with an easy magnetization direction along the b-axis and a weak antiferromagnetic coupling in the (010) plane. The Er 5 Ge 4 compound orders antiferromagnetically at T N = 14 K in a complex incommensurate structure

  4. The chemical and magnetic structures of holmium-yttrium and holmium-lutetium superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McMorrow, D.F.; Jehan, D.A.; Swaddling, P.P.

    1993-01-01

    : the average structural coherence length in the growth direction is approximately 2000 angstrom, while the interfaces between the two elements are well defined, extending over approximately four lattice planes. The magnetic structures were determined using neutron scattering techniques. In the case of the Ho......We present the results of a study of the chemical and magnetic structures of Ho/Y and Ho/Lu superlattices, all grown by molecular beam epitaxy. By combining the results of high-resolution X-ray diffraction with detailed modelling we show that the superlattices have high crystallographic integrity....../Y superlattices, the Ho3+ moments form a basal-plane helix at all temperatures in the ordered phase, with an apparent suppression of the low-temperature cone phase. Instead spin-slip structures are formed, including some not observed in bulk Ho. For the Ho/Lu superlattices the magnetic structure was found...

  5. Magnetic model of the central uplift of the Vredefort impact structure, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henkel, H.; Reimold, W. U.

    2002-08-01

    The Vredefort structure is the largest known impact structure on earth, with an original diameter estimated at—at least—250 km. The central uplift of this structure is about 80 km wide and contains a 40- to 50-km wide core of crystalline basement surrounded by a so-called collar of supracrustal sequences. Previous investigations of the structure of this large impact crater, based on integrated geophysical modeling, have shown that the central rise structure is an upper crustal feature with a presently recognized uplift of some 12 km, decreasing to about 4 km at the depth of the Moho. This study concentrates on the structure of the central uplift region (the Vredefort Dome), using aeromagnetic data along a SSW-NNE profile across its center. Available rock magnetic data were used to constrain the magnetic modeling. On the basis of this modeling, it is concluded that a 60- to 70-km wide region in the center of the structure experienced a magnetic overprint in connection with the impact event. This overprint is related to the occurrence of high-coercive magnetite and its subsequent thermal magnetization. Three sources for this thermal event are envisaged—the potential occurrence of a now eroded impact melt complex, the impact-related rise of hot crustal material of the crystalline core, and the thermal energy deposited by the shock wave. Thermal demagnetization of rocks from the crystalline core has shown that magnetite, most likely formed by shock dissociation of Mg-Fe silicates, is the dominant carrier mineral of the remanent magnetization. The thermal overprint has also included those parts of the upturned metasedimentary collar rocks, which contained suitable magnetic carrier minerals. Its present manifestation is the generally negative magnetic anomaly centered on, and encircling, the central uplift of the impact structure. Within the crystalline core, the magnetic models indicate structures of outward collapse along low-angle thrust surfaces. The impact

  6. Candidate magnetic dust structures for star light polarization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papoular, R.

    2017-11-01

    Rotation damping and alignment are discussed as prerequisites for polarization. An expression is derived from first principles, for the damping time of the rotation of a particle in a magnetic field, under the Faraday braking torque, provided its electrical properties are known. This makes it possible to describe mathematically, in great detail, the motion of the particle and determine its ultimate state of motion, if a steady state is possible at all. This work defines, first, the necessary condition for the Faraday braking to be effective: (a) the net electronic charge distribution should not be uniform throughout and (b) the number of vibration modes should exceed a few tens. Resonance of rotation frequency with any of these modes is not a requirement. For alignment to be possible, the ratio of gyroscopic and conservative magnetic to non-conservative (retarding) magnetic torques must be low. Either dia-, para- or ferromagnetism can do, and a small susceptibility is enough and even preferable. This opens up a wide spectrum of possible candidates. A few examples are given.

  7. Atomic structure and domain wall pinning in samarium-cobalt-based permanent magnets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duerrschnabel, M; Yi, M; Uestuener, K; Liesegang, M; Katter, M; Kleebe, H-J; Xu, B; Gutfleisch, O; Molina-Luna, L

    2017-07-04

    A higher saturation magnetization obtained by an increased iron content is essential for yielding larger energy products in rare-earth Sm 2 Co 17 -type pinning-controlled permanent magnets. These are of importance for high-temperature industrial applications due to their intrinsic corrosion resistance and temperature stability. Here we present model magnets with an increased iron content based on a unique nanostructure and -chemical modification route using Fe, Cu, and Zr as dopants. The iron content controls the formation of a diamond-shaped cellular structure that dominates the density and strength of the domain wall pinning sites and thus the coercivity. Using ultra-high-resolution experimental and theoretical methods, we revealed the atomic structure of the single phases present and established a direct correlation to the macroscopic magnetic properties. With further development, this knowledge can be applied to produce samarium cobalt permanent magnets with improved magnetic performance.Understanding the factors that determine the properties of permanent magnets, which play a central role in many industrial applications, can help in improving their performance. Here, the authors study how changes in the iron content affect the microstructure of samarium cobalt magnets.

  8. Influence of samarium substitution on the structural and magnetic properties of M-type hexagonal ferrites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasmin, Nazia; Mirza, Misbah; Muhammad, Safdar; Zahid, Maria; Ahmad, Mukhtar; Awan, M. S.; Muhammad, Altaf

    2018-01-01

    The M-type hexagonal ferrites with chemical formula SrFe12-xSmxO19 (x = 0, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03) were synthesized via sol-gel method. We studied the effects of substitution of rare earth on the structural and magnetic temperament of M-type hexaferrites. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) strategies are employed for the systematical examination of micrographs and structures of the samples. The magnetic particularities are studied by the use of vibrating sample magnetometery. The M-H loops are used to investigate the hard magnetic behavior of all the samples. The substantial value of coercivity (>1 kOe) for all the samples shows that the particular sample is permanent magnet and reveals the hard magnetic action. It is observed that values of saturation magnetization (Mr) and remanence (Ms) decline with increasing the rare earth ions substitution. This decrease may follow spin canting and the magnetic dilution, which results in dislocation of superexchange interactions. The improvement in Hc may be because of large anisotropy of magnetocrystalline, where ion anisotropy of Fe2+ ion on the 2a site probably overriding in all hexaferrites series. The synthesized composites were useful for applications in magnetic microwave absorbing materials.

  9. Fabrication of Magnetite Nanoparticles Dispersed in Olive Oil and Their Structural and Magnetic Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taufiq, A.; Saputro, R. E.; Sunaryono; Hidayat, N.; Hidayat, A.; Mufti, N.; Diantoro, M.; Patriati, A.; Mujamilah; Putra, E. G. R.; Nur, H.

    2017-05-01

    In this work, the iron sand taken from Wedi Ireng Beach in Banyuwangi, Indonesia, was employed as the main precursor in fabricating magnetite nanoparticles. The magnetite nanoparticles were then functionalized in preparing magnetic fluids coated by oleic acid as a surfactant and dispersed in olive oil as a liquid carrier. The phase purity, crystallite size and crystal structure of the dried magnetic fluids were characterized by using X-Ray Diffractometer. Meanwhile, the functional groups of the magnetic fluids were investigated by means of Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) spectroscopy. The particle size and morphology of the magnetite particles were also investigated by using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The magnetic behaviors of the magnetic fluids were determined by using Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). Based on the XRD data analysis, the magnetite particles crystallized in the spinel structure without the presence of any other phases. The FTIR spectra showed that the functional groups of the magnetic fluids were referring to the magnetite, oleic acid, and olive oil. The TEM image presented that the magnetite particle was formed in a nanometric size. Finally, the saturation magnetization of the magnetic fluids varied in the mass composition and particle size of the magnetite nanoparticles.

  10. Magnetized jets driven by the Sun: The structure of the heliosphere revisited—Updates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Opher, M., E-mail: mopher@bu.edu [Astronomy Department, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Drake, J. F.; Swisdak, M. [University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Zieger, B. [Center for Space Physics, Boston University, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Toth, G. [Department of Climate and Space, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

    2016-05-15

    As the solar system moves through the interstellar medium, the solar wind is deflected forming the heliosphere. The standard picture of the heliosphere is a comet-shape like structure with the tail extending for 1000s of astronomical units. This standard picture stems from a view where magnetic forces are negligible and the solar magnetic field is convected passively down the tail. Recently, we showed that the magnetic tension of the solar magnetic field plays a crucial role on organizing the solar wind in the heliosheath into two jet-like structures. The two jets are separated by the interstellar medium that flows between them. The heliosphere then has a “croissant”-like shape where the distance to the heliopause downtail is almost the same as towards the nose. This new view of the heliosphere is in agreement with the energetic neutral atoms maps taken by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer and INCA/CASSINI. We developed as well an analytic model of the heliosheath in the axisymmetric limit that shows how the magnetic tension force is the driver for the north and south jets. We confirmed that the formation of these jets with magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations. The main reason why previous global MHD simulations did not see these jets is due to spurious magnetic dissipation that was present at the heliospheric current sheet. We instead kept the same polarity for the interplanetary (solar) magnetic field in both the northern and southern hemispheres, eliminating spurious magnetic dissipation effects at the heliospheric current sheet. In this paper, we extend these previous results to include additional cases where we used: (a) weaker solar magnetic field; (b) solar magnetic field that reverses polarity at the solar equator in the axisymmetric limit; and (c) slower motion through the interstellar system. We discuss as well future challenges regarding the structure of the heliosphere.

  11. Enhancement of structural and magnetic properties of M-type hexaferrite permanent magnet based on synthesis temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anjum, Safia; Sehar, Fatima; Mustafa, Zeeshan; Awan, M. S.

    2018-01-01

    The main purpose of this research work is to develop the single domain magnetic particles of M-type barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19) using oxide precursors employing conventional powder metallurgy technique. The phase formation and magnetic performance of the powders and magnets will be optimized by adjusting calcination and sintering temperatures. The synthesis of M-type barium hexaferrite was carried out in two sections. A series of four samples have been prepared by initial wet mixed powders calcined at different temperatures, i.e., 750, 850, 950 and 1050 °C. On the basis of structural analysis, the sample calcined at 950 °C has been selected and further divided into four parts to sintered them at 1100, 1150, 1200 and 1250 °C. The structural measurements depict the confirmation of M-type barium hexaferrite structure. SEM micrographs show the hexagonal-shaped grains. The abrupt decrease in coercivity for the sample sintered at 1250 °C has been seen which may be due to high sintering temperature, at which the particles have multi-domain properties.

  12. Structure, function, and use of the magnetic sense in animals (invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Michael M.; Diebel, Carol E.; Green, Colin R.

    2000-05-01

    The hypothesis that animals navigate magnetically is attractive because the earth's magnetic field provides consistent information about position and direction in all environments through which animals travel. However, the hypothesis has been difficult to test because (i) the structure and function of the sense could not readily be analyzed in the laboratory and (ii) the effects of experimental treatments on behavior in the laboratory and field could not be reliably predicted. Our research is focused on the structure and function of the sense in rainbow trout and on applying the understanding gained in the laboratory to studies of navigation by homing pigeons. We have found iron-rich crystals (most likely single-domain magnetite) in candidate magnetoreceptor cells located within a discrete layer of sensory tissue in the nose of rainbow trout. The candidate receptor cells are closely associated with a branch of the trigeminal nerve that responds to changes in intensity but not direction of magnetic fields. In parallel work, we have developed a model of magnetic position determination in which pigeons derive magnetic analogues of geographic latitude and longitude from (i) the total intensity and (ii) the direction of the intensity slope of the earth's magnetic field. Taken together with our other results, the model gives us confidence that a coherent understanding of the structure, function, and use of the magnetic sense in animals is now developing.

  13. Fabrication, characterization, and heuristic trade space exploration of magnetically actuated Miura-Ori origami structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowan, Brett; von Lockette, Paris R.

    2017-04-01

    The authors develop magnetically actuated Miura-Ori structures through observation, experiment, and computation using an initially heuristic strategy followed by trade space visualization and optimization. The work is novel, especially within origami engineering, in that beyond final target shape approximation, Miura-Ori structures in this work are additionally evaluated for the shape approximation while folding and for their efficient use of their embedded actuators. The structures consisted of neodymium magnets placed on the panels of silicone elastomer substrates cast in the Miura-Ori folding pattern. Initially four configurations, arrangements of magnets on the panels, were selected based on heuristic arguments that (1) maximized the amount of magnetic torque applied to the creases and (2) reduced the number of magnets needed to affect all creases in the pattern. The results of experimental and computational performance metrics were used in a weighted sum model to predict the optimum configuration, which was then fabricated and experimentally characterized for comparison to the initial prototypes. As expected, optimization of magnet placement and orientation was effective at increasing the degree of theoretical useful work. Somewhat unexpectedly, however, trade space results showed that even after optimization, the configuration with the most number of magnets was least effective, per magnet, at directing its actuation to the structure’s creases. Overall, though the winning configuration experimentally outperformed its initial, non-optimal counterparts, results showed that the choice of optimum configuration was heavily dependent on the weighting factors. These results highlight both the ability of the Miura-Ori to be actuated with external magnetic stimuli, the effectiveness of a heuristic design approach that focuses on the actuation mechanism, and the need to address path-dependent metrics in assessing performance in origami folding structures.

  14. Structure, growth and magnetic property of hard magnetic CoPtP nanowires synthesized by electrochemical deposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramulu, T.S.; Venu, R.; Anandakumar, S.; Rani, V. Sudha; Yoon, S.S.; Kim, C.G.

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the electrochemical synthesis and characterization of one dimensional hard magnetic CoPtP nanowires. Three electrode potentiostatic electrochemical technique was used to deposit nanowires into a nanoporous track-etched polycarbonate membrane with a nominal pore diameter 50 nm and thickness around 6–9 μm. The room temperature electrolyte used for the deposition of nanowires consists of 60 g/lt CoSO 4 7H 2 O, 4.1 g/lt H 2 PtCl 6 , 4.5 g/lt NaHPO 2 and 25 g/lt B(OH) 3 . The structural morphology was observed by scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. The magnetic property of the nanowires was measured by vibrating sample magnetometer before removing the template. The coercive fields were measured to be 143 kA m −1 and 103 kA m −1 for parallel (H ∥ ) and perpendicular to the nanowire axis, respectively. The higher coercivity value for H ∥ indicating nanowires' easy magnetization direction lies along the nanowires' axis. The average composition of the CoPtP nanowires was determined by electron dispersive spectroscopy and the crystallinity was measured by X-ray diffractometer. - Highlights: ► CoPtP hard magnetic nanowires are synthesized by electrochemical deposition. ► The synthesized magnetic nanowires are an average of 6 μm in length. ► Coercivity of nanowires is 143 kA m −1 when the field is parallel to nanowire axis. ► The magnetization direction of the nanowires lies along the nanowire's axis.

  15. Anisotropic behavior and complex colinear magnetic structures of cerium and actinide intermetallics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cooper, B.R.

    1977-01-01

    A review is given of the experimental situation and degree of theoretical understanding for the occurrence of complex colinear magnetic structures in cerium and actinide intermetallics of NaCl structure. In doing this, emphasis is on the qualitative nature of the anisotropic effects necessary to understand the behavior. With this in mind we focus on the I to IA magnetic structure transition, and indeed more simply, on the occurrence of the IA magnetic structure which appears for CeBi, UAs, and some of the mixed uranium monopnictide-monochalcogenides. We show how the experimental observations involving properties related to the IA magnetic structure indicate important qualitative features of the physical mechanism involved. Through discussion of the possible analogue to the situation in UO 2 , the idea is introduced that magnetoelastic effects involving internal rearrangement modes may play a key role in the occurrence of the IA structure. Internal rearrangement modes are modes where one ionic species remains at its site in the undistorted crystal structure, and the other species is displaced from its position in the undistorted structure. We show that in a very natural way one can anticipate the possible occurrence of an internal rearrangement mode having a four-layer, periodic displacement sequence for planes for one species in the NaCl structure crystals, while the other species remains undisplaced. The presence of such a static lattice mode is susceptible to direct experimental observation. (author)

  16. Structural and magnetic investigation of dilute magnetic semiconductors based on GaN and ZnO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kammermeier, Tom

    2010-01-19

    The two wide band gap dilute magnetic semiconductors (DMS) Gd:GaN and Co:ZnO are among the most favored materials for spintronic applications. Despite intense research efforts during the last years, the origin of the magnetic order is still under debate. This work reports structural and magnetic investigations on these DMS materials employing several complementary techniques. The X-ray linear dichroism (XLD) has been used to gain element-specific insight into the local structure of dopants and cations. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to probe the global structural properties. Magnetic characterization by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) has been complemented by electron spin resonance (ESR) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). Gd:GaN samples were fabricated by focused-ion-beam (FIB) implantation and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Room temperature ferromagnetic-like behavior as found for some of our samples by SQUID could not be reliably reproduced. Instead XMCD measurements at the Gd L{sub 3}-edge reveal paramagnetic behavior of the dopant. Additionally a possible magnetic polarization of Ga atoms of the host crystal is shown to be too small to explain the total magnetization of these samples. In some samples the formation of Gd and GdN clusters was evidenced by ESR measurements but it can only account for low temperature ferromagnetic-like behavior. Intrinsic room temperature ferromagnetism of this material as seen by SQUID cannot be confirmed by any other technique - neither ESR nor XMCD. Co:ZnO samples used for this work were predominantly grown by reactive magnetron sputtering (RMS). As shown by XLD analysis, 95% of the Co atoms are incorporated on substitutional Zn-sites in samples of best structural quality. These samples consistently show paramagnetic behavior as found by SQUID, XMCD and ESR. RMS growth of Co:ZnO with reduced oxygen partial pressure yields a magnetic behavior known from ferromagnetic nanoclusters. The X

  17. The magnetic structure of the isochronous accelerator DC-72. Author-review of the Thesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keniz, J.

    2009-06-01

    The formation of DC-72 cyclotron magnetic field was carried out. The modeling and computer simulations of the magnet elements were used for preliminary choice of a cyclotron magnet structure. For exact isochronous magnetic field formation, at the nominal working point and correction of the field first harmonic, side sectors shims have been applied. The measured magnetic fields of the main magnet and correcting coils at different levels are used as inputs to the computer program in order to simulate different regimes of the working diagram. Satisfactory results have been obtained from calculations of the beam dynamics at the chosen working regimes with appropriate magnetic fields which were shaped with correcting coils and subsequently measured. This also allowed for mutual comparison of the simulated and measured data. The isochronous cyclotron DC-72 is intended to accelerate ions from H - (A/Z=1, W=72 MeV/u) up to 129 Xe 18+ (A/Z=7.167, W=2.7 MeV/u). The cyclotron magnet has the pole of 2.6 m diameter and provides the working magnetic fields in the range from 0.9 T to 1.51 T for the given modes of the acceleration. A preliminary design of the magnetic field has been accomplished by the help of a model of the magnet which has been made in the scale 1:5 and mathematically simulated. The results achieved from the measurements performed upon the magnetic field of the final product are presented, too. (Author)

  18. Magnetic and structural properties of nanoparticles of nickel oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Hyunja (Jenny)

    In this dissertation, magnetic properties of NiO nanoparticles (NP) prepared by the sol-gel method in the size range D = 5 nm to 20 nm, with and without oleic acid (OA) coating, are reported. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies show the morphology of the smaller particles to be primarily rod-like, changing over to nearly spherical shapes for D >10 nm. Average sizes D of NP determined by x-ray diffraction (XRD) are compared with the results from TEM. From the analysis of the XRD line intensities, the particle size dependence of the Debye-Waller factors for Ni and O atoms are derived. It is found that the Debye-Waller factors of nickel and oxygen atoms in smaller particles are larger than those in bulk NiO. For the coated and uncoated NiO nanorods of 5 nm diameter, variations of the magnetization M with temperature T (5 K to 370 K) and temperature variations of the EMR (electron magnetic resonance) spectra were measured to determine the respective blocking temperatures TB(m) and TB(EMR). The following differences are noted: (1) TB(m) is reduced from 230 K (uncoated) to 85 K(coated) for H = 25 Oe; (2) Decrease of TB(m) with H is weaker and the ratio TB(EMR)/T B(m) is smaller for the uncoated particles. These differences are due to stronger interparticle interaction present in the uncoated particles. Temperature variation (5 K-300 K) of the AC magnetic susceptibilities (chi' and chi") at various frequencies f (0.1-10,000 Hz) are reported for the coated and uncoated 5 nm diameter nanorods of NiO. Using the peak in chi' as the blocking temperature TB, it is observed that TB increases with increasing f. The data for the two samples fit the Vogel-Fulcher law: f = f0exp[-Ea/k(TB-T0)] with f 0 = 9.2 x 1011 Hz, Ea/k = 1085 K and T0 = 162 K (0 K) for the uncoated (coated) particles. This shows that T0 provides a good measure of the effects of interparticle interactions on magnetic relaxation and that these interactions are essentially eliminated with the OA coating

  19. Structural, magnetic, and Mössbauer spectroscopy of Cu substituted M-type hexaferrites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Awadallah, Ahmad, E-mail: ahmadmoh@yahoo.co [Physics Department, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942 (Jordan); Mahmood, Sami H., E-mail: s.mahmood@ju.edu.jo [Physics Department, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942 (Jordan); Maswadeh, Yazan, E-mail: nawabra251@gmail.com [Physics Department, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942 (Jordan); Bsoul, Ibrahim, E-mail: ibrahimbsoul@yahoo.com [Physics Department, Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq 13040 (Jordan); Awawdeh, Mufeed, E-mail: amufeed@yu.edu.jo [Physics Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163 (Jordan); Mohaidat, Qassem I., E-mail: q.muhaidat@yu.edu.jo [Physics Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid 21163 (Jordan); Juwhari, Hassan, E-mail: h.juwhari@ju.edu.jo [Physics Department, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942 (Jordan)

    2016-02-15

    Highlights: • Single BaM hexaferrite structural phases with Cu substations were prepared. • The magnetocrystalline anisotropy decreased with Cu substitution. • The coercivity was significantly modified while the magnetization remained high. • Hexaferrites with 0.2–0.4 Cu possess properties suitable for magnetic recording. • Ionic distributions from structural refinement agreed with Mössbauer spectroscopy. - Abstract: BaFe{sub 12−x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 19} hexaferrites were prepared using ball milling and sintering at 1100 °C. Refinement of the X-ray diffraction patterns was carried out to determine the structural parameters and the ionic distribution over the crystallographic sites. The preferential site occupation and valence state of Cu was consistent with the results obtained from the analysis of Mössbauer spectra. Further, the magnetic parameters of the samples were discussed in light of the structural and Mössbauer analyses. The magnetic phase transition temperature was found to decrease with the level of Cu substitution, in accordance with the reduction of the superexchange interactions. Further, the magnetic softening of the hexaferrite and the significant reduction in magnetocrystalline anisotropy with Cu substitution was consistent with the ionic distribution in the lattice. This study clearly demonstrated the feasibility of using a simple method to fabricate hexaferrites with a modified coercivity, while maintain the saturation magnetization high enough for practical applications.

  20. Structural and magnetic properties of the ordered perovskite Pb2CoTeO6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanov, S A; Nordblad, P; Mathieu, R; Tellgren, R; Ritter, C

    2010-12-14

    The complex perovskite Pb(2)CoTeO(6) (PCTO) has been prepared as polycrystalline powders by a solid state reaction route, and the crystal structure and magnetic properties have been investigated using a combination of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction, electron microscopy, dielectric, calorimetric and magnetic measurements. It was shown that at room temperature this compound adopts a trigonal perovskite structure, space group R3 (a = 5.6782(1) Å, c = 13.8552(3) Å). The compound undergoes a number of temperature-induced phase transitions and adopts four different structures in the temperature range 5-500 K: monoclinic in P2(1)/n (5 magnetic studies at different temperatures. Magnetic diffraction peaks were registered below the transition at about 16 K and a possible model for the magnetic structure is proposed. Possible coexistence of long-range ordering of the electrical dipoles and the magnetic moments at low temperatures making PCTO a potential multiferroic candidate is discussed.

  1. Magnetic Decoupling Design and Experimental Validation of a Radial-Radial Flux Compound-Structure Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Machine for HEVs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiyi Song

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The radial-radial flux compound-structure permanent-magnet synchronous machine (CS-PMSM, integrated by two concentrically arranged permanent-magnet electric machines, is an electromagnetic power-splitting device for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs. As the two electric machines share a rotor as structural and magnetic common part, their magnetic paths are coupled, leading to possible mutual magnetic-field interference and complex control. In this paper, a design method to ensure magnetic decoupling with minimum yoke thickness of the common rotor is investigated. A prototype machine is designed based on the proposed method, and the feasibility of magnetic decoupling and independent control is validated by experimental tests of mutual influence. The CS-PMSM is tested by a designed driving cycle, and functions to act as starter motor, generator and to help the internal combustion engine (ICE operate at optimum efficiency are validated.

  2. Magnetic Processing of Structural Components for Transportation Vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mackiewicz-Ludtka, G.; Ludtka, G. M.; Fleming, S. [Metalsa Roanoke, Inc.; del Prado Villasana, J. [Metalsa Roanoke, Inc.

    2011-09-30

    The specific goal of this project was to develop and evaluate the effect of magnetic processing as a viable and new technology to manufacture side‐rails for heavy trucks; and to demonstrate the applicability of this technology for an industrial truck/automotive process. The targeted performance enhancements for this project were to increase the hardness or strength of two families of alloys (comparable carbon contents but one alloy system incorporating hardenability improving additions of titanium and boron) by 15 to 20%. Thermomagnetic processing has been shown to make significant and unprecedented, simultaneous improvements in yield strength and ultimate tensile strength with no loss of ductility for the truck rail application investigated in this project. Improvements in the ultimate tensile strength and yield strength in the range 20 to 30% have been measured even for the lower hardenability alloy samples that only received a very low magnetic field tempering treatment at a tempering temperature that was 67% lower than the current non-magnetic field enhanced commercial process and for a brief tempering time of 20% of the time required in their current process at the higher temperature. These significant developments, that require further demonstration and investigation on current commercial and other alloy systems, promise the evolution of a much more energy efficient and lower-carbon footprint process to be used in the future to produce stronger, tougher, and lighter weight truck rails. The property increases in the truck rails themselves will enable lighter weight truck side-rails to be produced which will reduce the overall weight of heavy duty trucks which will reduce fuel consumption and be an enabler of the goals of the DOE EERE SuperTruck Program where fuel consumption reductions of 50% are targeted for the future generation of trucks.

  3. Magnetic Doppler imaging considering atmospheric structure modifications due to local abundances: a luxury or a necessity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochukhov, O.; Wade, G. A.; Shulyak, D.

    2012-04-01

    Magnetic Doppler imaging is currently the most powerful method of interpreting high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of stars. This technique has provided the very first maps of stellar magnetic field topologies reconstructed from time series of full Stokes vector spectra, revealing the presence of small-scale magnetic fields on the surfaces of Ap stars. These studies were recently criticised by Stift et al., who claimed that magnetic inversions are not robust and are seriously undermined by neglecting a feedback on the Stokes line profiles from the local atmospheric structure in the regions of enhanced metal abundance. We show that Stift et al. misinterpreted published magnetic Doppler imaging results and consistently neglected some of the most fundamental principles behind magnetic mapping. Using state-of-the-art opacity sampling model atmosphere and polarized radiative transfer codes, we demonstrate that the variation of atmospheric structure across the surface of a star with chemical spots affects the local continuum intensity but is negligible for the normalized local Stokes profiles except for the rare situation of a very strong line in an extremely Fe-rich atmosphere. For the disc-integrated spectra of an Ap star with extreme abundance variations, we find that the assumption of a mean model atmosphere leads to moderate errors in Stokes I but is negligible for the circular and linear polarization spectra. Employing a new magnetic inversion code, which incorporates the horizontal variation of atmospheric structure induced by chemical spots, we reconstructed new maps of magnetic field and Fe abundance for the bright Ap star α2 CVn. The resulting distribution of chemical spots changes insignificantly compared to the previous modelling based on a single model atmosphere, while the magnetic field geometry does not change at all. This shows that the assertions by Stift et al. are exaggerated as a consequence of unreasonable assumptions and

  4. Magnetoresistance in magnetic nanoconstrictions: The role of structural defects Magnetoresistance in magnetic nanoconstrictions: The role of structural defects

    OpenAIRE

    Biziere , Nicolas; Clochard , M.-C; Do , Pham; Wegrowe , J.-E; Viret , M

    2013-01-01

    International audience; The resistance of a ferromagnetic cylindrical Ni nano-constriction has been measured as a function of the external magnetic field. Typical profiles of the resistance versus external field are observed with irreversible jumps separated by stable plateaus, showing systematic slow relaxation effects. An interpretation in terms of magnetomechanical strain at the level of the constriction is proposed. This scenario allows the slow relaxation behaviour to be understood in te...

  5. First-principles study on electronic structures and magnetic properties of Eu-doped phosphorene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luan, Zhaohui; Zhao, Lei; Chang, Hao; Sun, Dan; Tan, Changlong; Huang, Yuewu

    2017-11-01

    The structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Eu-doped phosphorene with different doping concentrations were investigated by first-principles calculations for the first time. The calculations show that Eu-doped phosphorene systems are stable and have the large magnetic moments of more than 6 μB by 2.7, 6.25 and 12.5 at.% doping concentrations. The major contribution to the magnetic moment stems from the 4f states of Eu-doped atom. Meanwhile, Eu-doped atom introduces the impurity bands which can be changed by different doping concentrations. In order to determine the magnetic interaction, the different configurations for two Eu atoms doping in 3 × 3 × 1 phosphorene supercell were studied, which reveals that all of the configurations tend to form ferromagnetic. These results can provide references for inducing large magnetism of two-dimensional phosphorene, which are valuable for their applications in spintronic devices and novel semiconductor materials.

  6. Femtosecond-laser-induced periodic surface structures on magnetic layer targets: The roles of femtosecond-laser interaction and of magnetization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czajkowski, Klaus; Ratzke, Markus; Varlamova, Olga; Reif, Juergen

    2017-09-01

    We investigate femtosecond laser induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) on a complex multilayer target, namely a 20-GB computer hard disk (HD), consisting of a metallic substrate, a magnetic layer, and a thin polymeric protective layer. Depending on the dose (fluence × number of pulses) first the polymeric cover layer is completely removed, revealing a periodic surface modulation of the magnetic layer which seems not to be induced by the laser action. At higher dose, the magnetic layer morphology is strongly modified by laser-induced periodic structures (LIPS) and, finally, kind of an etch stop is reached at the bottom of the magnetic layer. The LIPS shows very high modulation depth below and above the original surface level. In the present work, the role of magnetization and magneto-mechanic forces in the structure formation process is studied by monitoring the bit-wise magnetization of the HD with a magnetic force microscope. It is shown that the structures at low laser dose are reflecting the magnetic bits. At higher dose the magnetic influence appears to be extinguished on the account of LIPS. This suggests a transient overcoming the Curie temperature and an associated loss of magnetic order. The results compare well with our model of LIPS/LIPSS formation by self-organized relaxation from a laser-induced thermodynamic instability.

  7. Effects of proton irradiation on electronic structure of NdFeB permanent magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, L. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China); Zhen, L. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China)], E-mail: lzhen@hit.edu.cn; Xu, C.Y.; Sun, X.Y.; Shao, W.Z. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001 (China)

    2009-09-15

    Effects of proton irradiation on electronic structure and atomic local structure of N35EH-type NdFeB permanent magnet were investigated by soft X-ray absorption spectrometry and Moessbauer spectrometry. The local coordination environment of Fe atoms changes after proton irradiation, and the average hyperfine field H{sub in} of the magnets decreases from 288.4 to 286.9 kOe. The effects of irradiation on Fe atoms local environment at different lattice sites are different. The near edge structure of Fe L{sub 3} edge is changed, indicating the density of unoccupied state of Fe 3d electrons increases after proton irradiation.

  8. Structural origins of magnetic anisotropy in sputtered amorphous Tb-Fe films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, V. G.; Aylesworth, K. D.; Das, B. N.; Elam, W. T.; Koon, N. C.

    1992-09-01

    Using x-ray-absorption fine-structure measurements we have obtained clear evidence for structural anisotropy in amorphous sputter-deposited TbFe films exhibiting perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Modeling of the data shows that perpendicular anisotropy in these films is associated with Fe-Fe and Tb-Tb pair correlations which are greater in plane and Tb-Fe correlations which are greater perpendicular to the film plane. Upon annealing at 300 °C the measured structural anisotropy disappears and the magnetic anisotropy decreases to a level consistent with magnetoelastic interactions between the film and substrate.

  9. Magnetic Structure and Dielectric State in the Multiferroic Ca2CoSi2O7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soda, Minoru; Hayashida, Shohei; Yoshida, Toshiya; Akaki, Mitsuru; Hagiwara, Masayuki; Avdeev, Maxim; Zaharko, Oksana; Masuda, Takatsugu

    2017-06-01

    The magnetic structure of the multiferroic Ca2CoSi2O7 was determined by neutron diffraction techniques. A combination of experiments on polycrystalline and single-crystal samples revealed a collinear antiferromagnetic structure with the easy axis along the directions. The dielectric state is discussed in the framework of the spin-dependent d-p hybridization mechanism, leading to the realization of the antiferroelectric structure. The origin of the magnetic anisotropy is discussed in comparison with that of the isostructural Ba2CoGe2O7.

  10. Effect of Al-doped YCrO3 on structural, electronic and magnetic properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durán, A.; Verdín, E.; Conde, A.; Escamilla, R.

    2018-05-01

    Structural, dielectric and magnetic properties were investigated in the YCr1-xAlxO3 with 0 cell volume of the orthorhombic structure without changes in the oxidation state of the Cr3+ ions. We discuss two mechanisms that could have a significant influence on the magnetic properties. The first is related to local deformation occurring for x structure. The local deformation is controlled by the inclination of the octahedrons and the octahedral distortion having a strong effect on the TN and the coercive field at low Al concentrations. On the other hand, the decreasing of the magnetization values (Mr and Hc) is ascribed to changes in the electronic structure, which is confirmed by a decreasing of the contribution of Cr 3d states at Fermi level due to increasing Al3+ content. Thus, we analyzed and discussed that both mechanisms influence the electronic properties of the YCr1-xAlxO3 solid solution.

  11. Dielectric and magnetic losses of microwave electromagnetic radiation in granular structures with ferromagnetic nanoparticles

    CERN Document Server

    Lutsev, L V; Tchmutin, I A; Ryvkina, N G; Kalinin, Y E; Sitnikoff, A V

    2003-01-01

    We have studied dielectric and magnetic losses in granular structures constituted by ferromagnetic nanoparticles (Co, Fe, B) in an insulating amorphous a-SiO sub 2 matrix at microwave frequencies, in relation to metal concentration, substrate temperatures and gas content, in the plasma atmosphere in sputtering and annealing. The magnetic losses are due to fast spin relaxation of nanoparticles, which becomes more pronounced with decreasing metal content and occur via simultaneous changes in the granule spin direction and spin polarization of electrons on exchange-split localized states in the matrix (spin-polarized relaxation mechanism). The difference between the experimental values of the imaginary parts of magnetic permeability for granular structures prepared in Ar and Ar + O sub 2 atmospheres is determined by different electron structures of argon and oxygen impurities in the matrix. To account for large dielectric losses in granular structures, we have developed a model of cluster electron states (CESs)....

  12. The light-induced structuralization in magnetic fluids with negative Soret constant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kopcansky, Peter [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 043 53 Kosice (Slovakia); Hnatic, Michal [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 043 53 Kosice (Slovakia)]. E-mail: hnatic@saske.sk; Repasan, Marian [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 043 53 Kosice (Slovakia); Potocova, Ivana [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 043 53 Kosice (Slovakia); Timko, Milan [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Watsonova 47, 043 53 Kosice (Slovakia); Turek, Ivan [Department of Physics, University of Zilina, Velky Diel, 010 26 Zilina (Slovakia); Stelina, Julius [Department of Physics, University of Zilina, Velky Diel, 010 26 Zilina (Slovakia); Musil, Ctibor [Department of Physics, University of Zilina, Velky Diel, 010 26 Zilina (Slovakia); Bracinik, Juraj [Department of Physics, University of Zilina, Velky Diel, 010 26 Zilina (Slovakia); Ayrjan, Edik [Laboratory of Information Technologies, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Vekas, Ladislau [Center for Fundamental and Advanced Technical Research, Romanian Academy, Blvd. Mihai Viteazul 24, 1900 Timisoara (Romania); Bica, Doina [Center for Fundamental and Advanced Technical Research, Romanian Academy, Blvd. Mihai Viteazul 24, 1900 Timisoara (Romania)

    2005-03-15

    The structuralization of the colloidal particles concentration in illuminated magnetic fluids with negative Soret constant was investigated. A theoretical explanation of the phenomenon, based on the study of the thermodiffusion process in colloidal fluids, was made. The development of the structuralization after the intensity of the illumination reaches some critical value was both simulated and observed experimentally.

  13. Structural Changes in Deformed Soft Magnetic Ni-Based Metallic Glass

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jurikova, A.; Csach, K.; Miskuf, J.; Ocelik, V.

    The effects of intensive plastic deformation of the soft magnetic metallic glass Ni Si 13 on the structural relaxation were examined. The enthalpy changes studied by differential scanning calorimetry revealed that the intensive plastic deformation was associated with the partial structural

  14. Magnetic structure evolution in mechanically milled nanostructured ZnFe2O4 particles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jiang, Jianzhong; Wynn, P.; Mørup, Steen

    1999-01-01

    Nanostructured partially-inverted ZnFe2O4 particles have been prepared from bulk ZnFe2O4 by high-energy ball milling in an open container. The grain size reduction, cation site distributions, and the evolution of magnetic structures have been studied by x-ray diffraction with Rietveld structure...

  15. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of selected lanthanide and actinide intermetallic Laves-phase alloys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Olle; Johansson, Börje; Brooks, M. S. S.

    1989-01-01

    The electronic structure and magnetic properties of some yttrium and uranium Laves-phase pseudobinary alloys with 3d elements have been calculated. The calculations were done by simulating the electronic structure of the alloy by that of an ordered compound with the same stoichiometry. In general...

  16. Magnetic and structural properties of ZNn-doped YIG nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, R.P.; Del Toro, A.D.; Davila, Y.G.; Gomes, J.L.; Goncalves, L.P.; Hernandez, E.P. [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), PR (Brazil)

    2016-07-01

    Full text: Zn-doped YIG was prepared using the sol gel method and TGA measurements showed the phase formation between 900°C and 1000°C. XRD analysis showed close to 1100°C the formation of Franklinite phase, coexisting with the cubic YIG. Y3(Fe1-xZnx)5O12 samples with different Zn concentrations (x = 0, 0.01, 0.03 and 0.05) were prepared and analyzed by a magnetic study. A decrease in magnetic moment of the samples was confirmed with increasing the concentration of Zn ions. The diminishing is due to the substitution of Fe ions by Zn. This also confirmed the results of XRD showing the linear increasing in the lattice parameter. Fittings by the Bloch's law shows results compared with those already reported in the literature. Both the exponent of how Bloch constant presented similar values to those reported in YIG doped with other ions. We obtained the parameter α ∼ 10-6 K-n and n close to 1.9 for all samples. (author)

  17. Structural, atomic Hirschfeld surface, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of SmNi{sub 5} compound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nouri, K., E-mail: nouri@icmpe.cnrs.fr [C.M.T.R, I.C.M.P.E, CNRS, Université Paris Est Créteil, UMR 7182, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux et de l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax- Université de Sfax, BP 1171, Sfax, 3018 (Tunisia); Jemmali, M. [Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux et de l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax- Université de Sfax, BP 1171, Sfax, 3018 (Tunisia); Chemistry Departement, College of Science and Arts at Ar-Rass, Qassim University, P.O. Box53 (Saudi Arabia); Walha, S. [Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux et de l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax- Université de Sfax, BP 1171, Sfax, 3018 (Tunisia); Zehani, K. [C.M.T.R, I.C.M.P.E, CNRS, Université Paris Est Créteil, UMR 7182, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); Ben Salah, A. [Laboratoire des Sciences des Matériaux et de l' Environnement, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax- Université de Sfax, BP 1171, Sfax, 3018 (Tunisia); Bessais, L. [C.M.T.R, I.C.M.P.E, CNRS, Université Paris Est Créteil, UMR 7182, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France)

    2016-07-05

    The SmNi{sub 5} intermetallic compound has been investigated by arc-melting. Powder X-ray diffraction analysis and Rietveld refinement revealed that the sample crystallized in the hexagonal CaCu{sub 5}-type structure P6/mmm space group with the following lattice parameters: a = 4.9203 (1) Å, c = 3.9662 (1) Å. These lattice parameters for the compound are in good agreement with previous theoretical result and experimental data. The EDX analysis has been performed to confirm the composition of this compound. The chemical bonding in SmNi{sub 5} was analyzed using atomic Hirshfeld surfaces, and this analysis supports the presence of the structural elements and the coordination of Sm (1a), Ni (2c) and Ni (3 g). This study indicates the different types of interatomic interactions between the Sm and Ni atoms and the weak interactions between Sm–Sm atoms were also observed along the c axis. The magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) have been established by the magnetization and isothermal magnetization of different temperature measurements. The magnetization curve as a function of temperature shows a magnetic transition from ferromagnetic to paramagnetic state at the Curie temperature T{sub C} = 29 K. We have studied the MCE phenomena in the vicinity of magnetic phase transitions in terms of magnetic entropy change. The temperature dependence of the magnetization, the magnetic entropy changeΔS{sub M}, as well as the relative cooling power around the second-order magnetic transition and the Arrott plots for the alloys are reported. - Highlights: • The SmNi{sub 5} intermetallic compound has been investigated by arc-melting. • The chemical bonding in SmNi{sub 5} was analyzed using atomic Hirshfeld surfaces. • The second order magnetocaloric material SmNi{sub 5} is investigated.

  18. Structure, site-specific magnetism, and magnetotransport properties of epitaxial D 022 -structure Mn2FexGa thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betto, Davide; Lau, Yong-Chang; Borisov, Kiril; Kummer, Kurt; Brookes, N. B.; Stamenov, Plamen; Coey, J. M. D.; Rode, Karsten

    2017-07-01

    Ferrimagnetic Mn2FexGa (0.26 ≤x ≤1.12 ) thin films have been characterized by x-ray diffraction, magnetometry, x-ray absorption spectroscopy, x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, and Mössbauer spectroscopy with the aim of determining the structure and site-specific magnetism of this tetragonal, D 022 -structure Heusler compound. High-quality epitaxial films with low root-mean-square surface roughness (˜0.6 nm) are grown by magnetron cosputtering. The tetragonal distortion induces strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy along the c axis with a typical coercive field μ0H ˜0.8 T and an anisotropy field ranging from 6 to 8 T. On increasing the Fe content x , substantial uniaxial anisotropy, Ku≥1.0 MJm -3 , can be maintained over the full x range, while the magnetization of the compound is reduced from 400 to 280 kAm -1 . The total magnetization is almost entirely given by the sum of the spin moments originating from the ferrimagnetic Mn and Fe sublattices, with the latter being coupled ferromagnetically to one of the former. The orbital magnetic moments are practically quenched and have negligible contributions to the magnetization. The films with x =0.73 exhibit an anomalous Hall angle of 2.5 % and a Fermi-level spin polarization above 51 % , as measured by point contact Andreev reflection. The Fe-substituted Mn2Ga films are tunable with a unique combination of high anisotropy, low magnetization, appreciable spin polarization, and low surface roughness, making them strong candidates for thermally stable spin-transfer-torque switching nanomagnets with lateral dimensions down to 10 nm.

  19. Overview of magnetic structure induced by the TEXTOR-DED and the related transport

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdullaev, S.S.; Finken, K.H.; Kobayashi, M.; Reiser, D.; Reiter, D.; Jakubowski, M.W.; Runov, A.M.

    2003-01-01

    The Dynamic Ergodic Divertor (DED), a new concept of the ergodic divertor, is presently installed for the TEXTOR tokamak. Beside the conventional ergodic divertor operation the DED also permits the operation with a rotating magnetic field which allows, in particular, to broaden the heat deposition pattern on the divertor plates. Since its first proposal of the DED in 1996 the structure of magnetic field, especially, the onset of ergodic zone of field lines and related transport in the DED operation has been extensively studied using different theoretical and numerical methods. New methods to study the magnetic field, in particular, the field line mapping have been developed. The presentation gives the overview of the studies on the structure of magnetic field in the DED, the formation of the ergodic and laminar zones of field lines at the plasma edge. It also includes studies on the modelling efforts of the transport of heat and particles in the ergodic and laminar zones. (author)

  20. Structural aspects of magnetic fluid stabilization in aqueous agarose solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagornyi, A.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv (Ukraine); Petrenko, V.I., E-mail: vip@nf.jinr.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv (Ukraine); Avdeev, M.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Yelenich, O.V.; Solopan, S.O.; Belous, A.G. [V.I.Vernadsky Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the Ukrainian NAS, Kyiv (Ukraine); Gruzinov, A.Yu. [National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ivankov, O.I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants of the Ukrainian NAS, Kyiv (Ukraine); Bulavin, L.A. [Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv (Ukraine); Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants of the Ukrainian NAS, Kyiv (Ukraine)

    2017-06-01

    Structure characterization of magnetic fluids (MFs) synthesized by three different methods in aqueous solutions of agarose was done by means of small-angle neutron (SANS) and synchrotron X-ray scattering (SAXS). The differences in the complex aggregation observed in the studied magnetic fluids were related to different stabilizing procedures of the three kinds of MFs. The results of the analysis of the scattering (mean size of single polydisperse magnetic particles, fractal dimensions of the aggregates) are consistent with the data of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). - Highlights: • MFs synthesized by three different methods in agarose solution were studied. • all MFs are agglomerated colloidal systems whose structures are nevertheless stable in time. • differences in the complex aggregation were observed in the studied magnetic fluids. • results of the SAXS and SANS analysis are consistent with TEM data.

  1. Structural and magnetic properties of FeCoC system obtained by mechanical alloying

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rincón Soler, A. I. [Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Fac. de Ciencias, Depto. de Física (Colombia); Rodríguez Jacobo, R. R., E-mail: rrrodriguez@uao.edu.co [Universidad Autónoma de Occidente, Fac. de Ciencias Básicas, Depto. de Física (Colombia); Medina Barreto, M. H.; Cruz-Muñoz, B. [Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Fac. de Ciencias, Depto. de Física (Colombia)

    2017-11-15

    Fe{sub 96−X}Co{sub X}C{sub 4} (x = 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 at. %) alloys were obtained by mechanical alloying of Fe, C and Co powders using high-energy milling. The structural and magnetic properties of the alloy system were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) and Mössbauer Spectrometry at room temperature. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed a BCC-FeCoC structure phase for all samples, as well as a lattice parameter that slightly decreases with Co content. The saturation magnetization and coercive field were analyzed as a function of Co content. The Mössbauer spectra were fitted with a hyperfine magnetic field distribution showing the ferromagnetic behavior and the disordered character of the samples. The mean hyperfine magnetic field remained nearly constant (358 T) with Co content.

  2. Enhanced magnetostriction derived from magnetic single domain structures in cluster-assembled SmCo films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Yulong; Yang, Bo; Guo, Fei; Lu, Qingshan; Zhao, Shifeng

    2017-11-01

    Cluster-assembled SmCo alloy films were prepared by low energy cluster beam deposition. The structure, magnetic domain, magnetization, and magnetostriction of the films were characterized. It is shown that the as-prepared films are assembled in compact and uniformly distributed spherical cluster nanoparticles, most of which, after vacuum in situ annealing at 700 K, aggregated to form cluster islands. These cluster islands result in transformations from superparamagnetic states to magnetic single domain (MSD) states in the films. Such MSD structures contribute to the enhanced magnetostrictive behaviors with a saturation magnetostrictive coefficient of 160 × 10-6 in comparison to 105 × 10-6 for the as-prepared films. This work demonstrates candidate materials that could be applied in nano-electro-mechanical systems, low power information storage, and weak magnetic detecting devices.

  3. Magnetic and structural properties of cobalt and nickel ferrites obtained by combustion method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomes, D.K.S.; Melo, D.M.A.; Araujo, J.H.; Costa, A.F. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), RN (Brazil); Pimentel, P.M. [Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Arido (UFERSA), Mossoro, RN (Brazil)

    2014-07-01

    Spinel-type ferrites have shown great potential for applications due to their optical electrical and magnetic properties. It has been reported that magnetic properties of ferrites depend on composition and cation distribution. According to the occupancy of cations in the A and B sites, these materials can exhibit ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic behavior . In this work cobalt and nickel ferrites were prepared by microwave-assisted self-combustion synthesis. This synthesis process is a cost efficient method used to produce homogeneous and fine particles with high reproducibility. The resulting powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction combined with the Rietveld refinement method, infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and magnetic measurements. The Rietveld XRD data had shown to formation of the partially inverse spinel-type structure. SEM images revealed the formation of irregular porous powders. It is observed that the saturation magnetization and coercive field decreases with the presence of nickel in spinel structure. (author)

  4. Structural and magnetic properties of FeCoC system obtained by mechanical alloying

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rincón Soler, A. I.; Rodríguez Jacobo, R. R.; Medina Barreto, M. H.; Cruz-Muñoz, B.

    2017-01-01

    Fe 96−X Co X C 4 (x = 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 at. %) alloys were obtained by mechanical alloying of Fe, C and Co powders using high-energy milling. The structural and magnetic properties of the alloy system were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM) and Mössbauer Spectrometry at room temperature. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed a BCC-FeCoC structure phase for all samples, as well as a lattice parameter that slightly decreases with Co content. The saturation magnetization and coercive field were analyzed as a function of Co content. The Mössbauer spectra were fitted with a hyperfine magnetic field distribution showing the ferromagnetic behavior and the disordered character of the samples. The mean hyperfine magnetic field remained nearly constant (358 T) with Co content.

  5. Crystal structure, characterization and magnetic properties of a 1D ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Single crystal X-ray structural characterization revealsthat the side arm carboxylate group of the coordinated Schiff base exhibits a μ 1 , 3 -bridging mode and connectsthe neighbouring copper(II) ions leading to a zigzag 1D chain structure where the copper(II) ions displaydistorted square pyramidal geometries. Variable ...

  6. Threedimensional imaging of organ structures by nuclear magnetic resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Waters, W.; Smolorz, J.; Wellner, U.

    1985-01-01

    A simple method for threedimensional imaging of organ structures is presented. The method is based on a special acquisition mode in a nuclear resonance tomograph, exciting layers of 20 cm thickness at different angulations. The display is done by cinematography (which is usually used in nuclear cardiology) projecting the structures in a rotating movement. (orig.) [de

  7. The impact of structural relaxation on spin polarization and magnetization reversal of individual nano structures studied by spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Dirk; Phark, Soo-Hyon; Corbetta, Marco; Fischer, Jeison A; Oka, Hirofumi; Kirschner, Jürgen

    2014-10-01

    The application of low temperature spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy in magnetic fields for the quantitative characterization of spin polarization, magnetization reversal and magnetic anisotropy of individual nano structures is reviewed. We find that structural relaxation, spin polarization and magnetic anisotropy vary on the nm scale near the border of a bilayer Co island on Cu(1 1 1). This relaxation is lifted by perimetric decoration with Fe. We discuss the role of spatial variations of the spin-dependent electronic properties within and at the edge of a single nano structure for its magnetic properties.

  8. Magnetic nanocomposites based on phosphorus-containing polymers—structural characterization and thermal analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alosmanov, R. M.; Szuwarzyński, M.; Schnelle-Kreis, J.; Matuschek, G.; Magerramov, A. M.; Azizov, A. A.; Zimmermann, R.; Zapotoczny, S.

    2018-04-01

    Fabrication of magnetic nanocomposites containing iron oxide nanoparticles formed in situ within a phosphorus-containing polymer matrix as well as its structural characterization and its thermal degradation is reported here. Comparative structural studies of the parent polymer and nanocomposites were performed using FTIR spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy. The results confirmed the presence of dispersed iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. The formed composite combines the properties of porous polymer carriers and magnetic particles enabling easy separation and reapplication of such polymeric carriers used in, for example, catalysis or environmental remediation. Studies on thermal degradation of the composites revealed that the process proceeds in three stages while a significant influence of the embedded magnetic particles on that process was observed in the first two stages. Magnetic force microscopy studies revealed that nanocomposites and its calcinated form have strong magnetic properties. The obtained results provide a comprehensive characterization of magnetic nanocomposites and the products of their calcination that are important for their possible applications as sorbents (regeneration conditions, processing temperature, disposal, etc).

  9. Structural and magnetic properties of Er(Co,Mn)O3 perovskite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antunes, A.B.; Pena, O.; Moure, C.; Gil, V.; Andre, G.

    2007-01-01

    In this work, we present the partial substitution of Mn by Co in ErCo x Mn 1- x O 3 manganites (0.2≤x≤0.7). Besides the structural changes due to a smaller tolerance factor, this perovskite system shows very interesting magnetic properties. Magnetic iso-field studies (ZFC-FC) reveal this system is ferrimagnetic, leading to a spin reversal at low temperature due to a negative exchange interaction between the two sublattices (rare-earth and transition metal ones). Furthermore, for samples near the ErCo 0.5 Mn 0.5 O 3 composition, a very unusual behavior is observed when magnetization loops are performed at low temperature: a step-like transition occurs at about 4 T with increasing magnetic field, while the increasing and decreasing branches of the magnetization curves intersect in the low-field region. Neutron diffraction experiments were performed for the nominal composition (ErCo 0.5 Mn 0.5 O 3 ) in order to study the evolution of the lattice parameters and magnetic structure at zero field in samples annealed under different atmospheres (air and oxygen). Results are discussed in relation to the presence of several magnetic entities and their respective exchange interactions

  10. Structural and magnetic properties of Er(Co,Mn)O 3 perovskite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, A. B.; Peña, O.; Moure, C.; Gil, V.; André, G.

    2007-09-01

    In this work, we present the partial substitution of Mn by Co in ErCo xMn 1-xO 3 manganites (0.2⩽ x⩽0.7). Besides the structural changes due to a smaller tolerance factor, this perovskite system shows very interesting magnetic properties. Magnetic iso-field studies (ZFC-FC) reveal this system is ferrimagnetic, leading to a spin reversal at low temperature due to a negative exchange interaction between the two sublattices (rare-earth and transition metal ones). Furthermore, for samples near the ErCo 0.5Mn 0.5O 3 composition, a very unusual behavior is observed when magnetization loops are performed at low temperature: a step-like transition occurs at about 4 T with increasing magnetic field, while the increasing and decreasing branches of the magnetization curves intersect in the low-field region. Neutron diffraction experiments were performed for the nominal composition (ErCo 0.5Mn 0.5O 3) in order to study the evolution of the lattice parameters and magnetic structure at zero field in samples annealed under different atmospheres (air and oxygen). Results are discussed in relation to the presence of several magnetic entities and their respective exchange interactions.

  11. Magnetic nanocomposites based on phosphorus-containing polymers-structural characterization and thermal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alosmanov, R M; Szuwarzyński, M; Schnelle-Kreis, J; Matuschek, G; Magerramov, A M; Azizov, A A; Zimmermann, R; Zapotoczny, S

    2018-04-03

    Fabrication of magnetic nanocomposites containing iron oxide nanoparticles formed in situ within a phosphorus-containing polymer matrix as well as its structural characterization and its thermal degradation is reported here. Comparative structural studies of the parent polymer and nanocomposites were performed using FTIR spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy. The results confirmed the presence of dispersed iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. The formed composite combines the properties of porous polymer carriers and magnetic particles enabling easy separation and reapplication of such polymeric carriers used in, for example, catalysis or environmental remediation. Studies on thermal degradation of the composites revealed that the process proceeds in three stages while a significant influence of the embedded magnetic particles on that process was observed in the first two stages. Magnetic force microscopy studies revealed that nanocomposites and its calcinated form have strong magnetic properties. The obtained results provide a comprehensive characterization of magnetic nanocomposites and the products of their calcination that are important for their possible applications as sorbents (regeneration conditions, processing temperature, disposal, etc).

  12. Micromagnetic study of skyrmion stability in confined magnetic structures with perpendicular anisotropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, R. L.; Garcia, F.; Novais, E. R. P.; Sinnecker, J. P.; Guimarães, A. P.

    2018-04-01

    Skyrmions are emerging topological spin structures that are potentially revolutionary for future data storage and spintronics applications. The existence and stability of skyrmions in magnetic materials is usually associated to the presence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) in bulk magnets or in magnetic thin films lacking inversion symmetry. While some methods have already been proposed to generate isolated skyrmions in thin films with DMI, a thorough study of the conditions under which the skyrmions will remain stable in order to be manipulated in an integrated spintronic device are still an open problem. The stability of such structures is believed to be a result of ideal combinations of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA), DMI and the interplay between geometry and magnetostatics. In the present work we show some micromagnetic results supporting previous experimental observations of magnetic skyrmions in spin-valve stacks with a wide range of DMI values. Using micromagnetic simulations of cobalt-based disks, we obtain the magnetic ground state configuration for several values of PMA, DMI and geometric parameters. Skyrmion numbers, corresponding to the topological charge, are calculated in all cases and confirm the occurrence of isolated, stable, axially symmetric skyrmions for several combinations of DMI and anisotropy constant. The stability of the skyrmions in disks is then investigated under magnetic field and spin-polarized current, in finite temperature, highlighting the limits of applicability of these spin textures in spintronic devices.

  13. Synthesis of magnetically separable Sn doped magnetite/silica core-shell structure and photocatalytic property

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Wei-Wei; Yao, Jia-Liang

    2010-01-01

    Sn doped Fe 3 O 4 /SiO 2 core-shell structures with the magnetic and photocatalytic properties have been successfully synthesized using Fe 3 O 4 microspheres as the precursor. The morphology, phase and structure of the bifunctional products were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, selected-area electron diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The effects of the amount and hydrolysis rate of tetraethyl orthosilicate on the preparation of the Fe 3 O 4 /SiO 2 core-shell structures were investigated. Low concentration and slow hydrolysis rate of tetraethyl orthosilicate were useful to obtain the uniform silica coated Fe 3 O 4 . The magnetic measurements indicated that the Sn doped Fe 3 O 4 /SiO 2 core-shell structures showed ferromagnetic property and the magnetic saturation value slightly decreased after coated the silica layer. The magnetic Sn doped Fe 3 O 4 /SiO 2 core-shell structures exhibited good photocatalytic activity in the degradation of methyl orange and could be separated by applying an appropriate magnetic field.

  14. Incommensurate and commensurate magnetic structures of the ternary germanide CeNiGe sub 3

    CERN Document Server

    Durivault, L; Chevalier, B; André, G; Weill, F; Etourneau, J; Martinez-Samper, P; Rodrigo, J G; Suderow, H; Vieira, S

    2003-01-01

    The structural properties of CeNiGe sub 3 have been investigated via electron diffraction and neutron powder diffraction (NPD). This ternary germanide crystallizes in the orthorhombic SmNiGe sub 3 -type structure (Cmmm space group). Electrical resistivity, ac- and dc-magnetization measurements show that CeNiGe sub 3 orders antiferromagnetically below T sub N = 5.5(2) K and exclude the occurrence at low temperatures of a spin-glass state for CeNiGe sub 3 as previously reported. Specific heat measurements and NPD both reveal two magnetic transitions, observed at T sub N sub 1 = 5.9(2) K and T sub N sub 2 = 5.0(2) K. Between T sub N sub 1 and T sub N sub 2 , the Ce magnetic moments in CeNiGe sub 3 are ordered in a collinear antiferromagnetic structure associated with the k sub 1 = (100) wavevector and showing a relationship with the magnetic structure of the Ce sub 3 Ni sub 2 Ge sub 7 ternary germanide. Below T sub N sub 2 , this k sub 1 = (100) commensurate magnetic structure coexists with an incommensurate hel...

  15. Recursion method for the quasiparticle structure of a single vortex with induced magnetic order

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Udby, L.; Andersen, B.M.; Hedegård, P.

    2006-01-01

    . Furthermore, we study the low-energy quasiparticle structure when magnetic vortices operate as pinning centers for surrounding unidirectional spin density waves (stripes). We calculate the Fourier transformed LDOS and show how the energy dependence of relevant Fourier components can be used to determine...... the nature of the magnetic field-induced order, and predict field-induced LDOS features that can be tested by future scanning tunneling microscopy experiments....

  16. Structural, electronic, and magnetic characteristics of Np.sub.2./sub.Co.sub.17./sub..

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Halevy, I.; Hen, A.; Orion, I.; Colineau, E.; Eloirdi, R.; Griveau, J.C.; Gaczyński, E.; Wilhelm, F.; Rogalev, A.; Sanchez, J.-P.; Winterrose, M.L.; Magnani, N.; Shick, Alexander; Caciuffo, R.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 85, č. 1 (2012), "01443-1"-"01443-8" ISSN 1098-0121 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP204/10/0330; GA AV ČR IAA100100912 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : magnetic materials * XMCD * electronic structure Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.767, year: 2012 http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.85.014434

  17. Crystal growth, structure and magnetic properties of Sm 3 Ni 5 Al 19 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The crystal structure of Sm3Ni5Al19 consists of SmNiAl4 and Sm2Al4Al15 slabs intergrown along the -axis. Magnetic susceptibility data on Sm3Ni5Al19 confirms the paramagnetic nature with a complicated magnetic ordering below 18 K. The inverse susceptibility data follows modified Curie-Weiss law above 150 K with ...

  18. Magnetic properties and structure of (FexCo100-x)3Pt alloy thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nahid, M.A.I.; Suzuki, Takao

    2005-01-01

    A study of the magnetic properties of (Fe x Co 100-x ) 3 Pt (0= 19 ) phase is realized. This m-DO 19 phase is found to exhibit the large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (K per ) (∼10 7 erg/cc). There is a maximum in K per at about x=10. The K per is found to decrease with x (x>10), which is correlated with the structural transformation

  19. Structural and magnetic properties of Gd(Cosub(x)Irsub(1-x))2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chiu, L.B.; Elliston, P.R.; Stewart, A.M.; Taylor, K.N.R.

    1979-01-01

    The crystal structure and magnetic properties of the pseudobinary system Gd(Cosub(x)Irsub(1-x)) 2 are reported. The compounds crystallise in the C15 Laves phase with a sudden lattice contraction at x = 0.4. Magnetic measurements indicate that Co develops a magnetic moment for x > 0.4. The onset of this moment is coincident with a sudden contraction of the lattice. Electron spin resonance measurements of g shift and linewidth also show sharp increases at x = 0.4. The correlated changes in the various properties are interpreted as due to a movement of the Fermi level as Co is substituted for Ir. (author)

  20. Structure of dysprosium monotartrate in aqueous solution according to magnetic double refraction and molecular mechanics data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vul'fson, S.G.; Chevela, V.V.; Matveev, S.N.; Sal'nikov, Yu.I.; Sarvarova, N.N.; Semenov, V.Eh.

    1992-01-01

    The molar constant of magnetic double refraction of disprosium monotartrate DyH 2 L + (H 4 L - tartric acid) had been determined by pH-metry and magnetic double refraction methods. The structures of ligand and hydrate environments of dysprosium in DyH 2 L + were modelated by the method of molecular mechanics (the model of Dashevskii-Plyamovatov). The theoretical molar constants of magnetic double refraction calculated using the molecular mechanics data had been compared with experimental ones, the most probable models of dysprosium environment have been determined

  1. Structural changes in microferrogels cross-linked by magnetically anisotropic particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryzhkov, A.V., E-mail: ryzhkov.a@icmm.ru [Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm 614990 (Russian Federation); Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Branch, Perm 614013 (Russian Federation); Raikher, Yu. L. [Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural Branch, Perm 614013 (Russian Federation)

    2017-06-01

    Chaining of magnetic nanoparticles in a microscopic ferrogel (MFG) due to interparticle interaction and external field is analyzed by the coarse-grained molecular dynamics. The embedded nanoparticles, unlike existing conventional models, are assumed to possess uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. By that, the consideration is brought closer to reality. Evolution of particle chains, both in length and straightness, is handled with the aid of “axial” radial distribution function that is sensitive to orientation of the aggregates. The effect of the particle magnetic anisotropy on the structural alterations as well as on volume changes of MFGs is demonstrated.

  2. Chemical, electronic, and magnetic structure of LaFeCoSi alloy: Surface and bulk properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lollobrigida, V. [Dipartimento di Scienze, Università Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome (Italy); Basso, V.; Kuepferling, M.; Coïsson, M.; Olivetti, E. S.; Celegato, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM), I-10135 Torino (Italy); Borgatti, F. [CNR, Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati (ISMN), I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Torelli, P.; Panaccione, G. [CNR, Istituto Officina dei Materiali (IOM), Lab. TASC, I-34149 Trieste (Italy); Tortora, L. [Laboratorio di Analisi di Superficie, Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome (Italy); Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, Università Tor Vergata, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Stefani, G.; Offi, F. [Dipartimento di Scienze, Università Roma Tre, I-00146 Rome (Italy)

    2014-05-28

    We investigate the chemical, electronic, and magnetic structure of the magnetocaloric LaFeCoSi compound with bulk and surface sensitive techniques. We put in evidence that the surface retains a soft ferromagnetic behavior at temperatures higher than the Curie temperature of the bulk due to the presence of Fe clusters at the surface only. This peculiar magnetic surface effect is attributed to the exchange interaction between the ferromagnetic Fe clusters located at the surface and the bulk magnetocaloric alloy, and it is used here to monitor the magnetic properties of the alloy itself.

  3. Chemical, electronic, and magnetic structure of LaFeCoSi alloy: Surface and bulk properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lollobrigida, V.; Basso, V.; Kuepferling, M.; Coïsson, M.; Olivetti, E. S.; Celegato, F.; Borgatti, F.; Torelli, P.; Panaccione, G.; Tortora, L.; Stefani, G.; Offi, F.

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the chemical, electronic, and magnetic structure of the magnetocaloric LaFeCoSi compound with bulk and surface sensitive techniques. We put in evidence that the surface retains a soft ferromagnetic behavior at temperatures higher than the Curie temperature of the bulk due to the presence of Fe clusters at the surface only. This peculiar magnetic surface effect is attributed to the exchange interaction between the ferromagnetic Fe clusters located at the surface and the bulk magnetocaloric alloy, and it is used here to monitor the magnetic properties of the alloy itself.

  4. Magnetic clouds' structure in the magnetosheath as observed by Cluster and Geotail: four case studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Turc

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic clouds (MCs are large-scale magnetic flux ropes ejected from the Sun into the interplanetary space. They play a central role in solar–terrestrial relations as they can efficiently drive magnetic activity in the near-Earth environment. Their impact on the Earth's magnetosphere is often attributed to the presence of southward magnetic fields inside the MC, as observed in the upstream solar wind. However, when they arrive in the vicinity of the Earth, MCs first encounter the bow shock, which is expected to modify their properties, including their magnetic field strength and direction. If these changes are significant, they can in turn affect the interaction of the MC with the magnetosphere. In this paper, we use data from the Cluster and Geotail spacecraft inside the magnetosheath and from the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE upstream of the Earth's environment to investigate the impact of the bow shock's crossing on the magnetic structure of MCs. Through four example MCs, we show that the evolution of the MC's structure from the solar wind to the magnetosheath differs largely from one event to another. The smooth rotation of the MC can either be preserved inside the magnetosheath, be modified, i.e. the magnetic field still rotates slowly but at different angles, or even disappear. The alteration of the magnetic field orientation across the bow shock can vary with time during the MC's passage and with the location inside the magnetosheath. We examine the conditions encountered at the bow shock from direct observations, when Cluster or Geotail cross it, or indirectly by applying a magnetosheath model. We obtain a good agreement between the observed and modelled magnetic field direction and shock configuration, which varies from quasi-perpendicular to quasi-parallel in our study. We find that the variations in the angle between the magnetic fields in the solar wind and in the magnetosheath are anti-correlated with the variations in the

  5. Motion and magnetic field structure of the Earth's magnetic tail near 30 R/sub E/

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bowling, S.B.

    1975-01-01

    The analysis of data taken by the NASA-GSFC magnetometer experiment on the Explorer 34 spacecraft has shown that the diurnal wobble of the geomagnetic dipole axis measurably influences the position of the magnetotail near 30 R/sub E/ (earth radii). Viewed in the solar-ecliptic coordinate system, the dipole wobble resolves into components of motion perpendicular and parallel to the earth-sun line. The perpendicular component exerts a torque on the magnetotail and causes the neutral sheet (the midplane of the magnetotail) to pivot about an axis approximately parallel to the solar-wind flow direction. The parallel component encourages the neutral sheet to move above and below the solar-magnetospheric equatorial plane with an amplitude of 1 R/sub E/, as if the neutral sheet were hinged at a geocentric distance of 5.25 R/sub E/. The motion of the neutral sheet is also characterized by a random flapping in the solar-ecliptic Z-direction at a velocity of 100 km/sec and an amplitude of +- 2 R/sub E/. Results suggest the existence of a layer of nearly uniform cross-tail electric current that is about 2.3 R/sub E/ thick and envelops the neutral sheet. The magnetic field, whose average geometry resembles a flattened and extended dipole, gradually reverses direction within this current layer. The field is perpendicular to the neutral sheet where it has a value of 2 γ (1γ = 10 -5 Gauss). The analysis does not suggest a strong dependence of the magnetic-field configuration on the geomagnetic index Kp, although the field may intermittently disrupt into localized and short-lived magnetic loops during periods of enhanced geomagnetic activity

  6. Detection of Defect-Induced Magnetism in Low-Dimensional ZnO Structures by Magnetophotocurrent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorite, Israel; Kumar, Yogesh; Esquinazi, Pablo; Zandalazini, Carlos; de Heluani, Silvia Perez

    2015-09-09

    The detection of defect-induced magnetic order in single low-dimensional oxide structures is in general difficult because of the relatively small yield of magnetically ordered regions. In this work, the effect of an external magnetic field on the transient photocurrent measured after light irradiation on different ZnO samples at room temperature is studied. It has been found that a magnetic field produces a change in the relaxation rate of the transient photocurrent only in magnetically ordered ZnO samples. This rate can decrease or increase with field, depending on whether the magnetically ordered region is in the bulk or only at the surface of the ZnO sample. The phenomenon reported here is of importance for the development of magneto-optical low-dimensional oxides devices and provides a new guideline for the detection of magnetic order in low-dimensional magnetic semiconductors. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. Influences of P doping on magnetic phase transition and structure in MnCoSi ribbon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Qian-Heng; Chen, Guo-Fu; Yang, Wen-Yun; Hua, Mu-Xin; Du, Hong-Lin; Wang, Chang-Sheng; Liu, Shun-Quan; Hang, Jing-Zhi; Zhou, Dong; Zhang, Yan; Yan, Jin-Bo

    2015-06-01

    The structure and magnetic properties of MnCoSi1- x Px (x = 0.05-0.50) are systematically investigated. With P content increasing, the lattice parameter a increases monotonically while both b and c decrease. At the same time, the temperature of metamagnetic transition from a low-temperature non-collinear ferromagnetic state to a high-temperature ferromagnetic state decreases and a new magnetic transition from a higher-magnetization ferromagnetic state to a lower-magnetization ferromagnetic state is observed in each of these compounds for the first time. This is explained by the changes of crystal structure and distance between Mn and Si atoms with the increase of temperature according to the high-temperature XRD result. The metamagnetic transition is found to be a second-order magnetic transition accompanied by a low inversed magnetocaloric effect (1.0 J·kg-1·K-1 at 5 T) with a large temperature span (190 K at 5 T) compared with the scenario of MnCoSi. The changes in the order of metamagnetic transition and structure make P-doped MoCoSi compounds good candidates for the study of magnetoelastic coupling and the modulation of magnetic phase transition. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11275013), the Fund from the National Physics Laboratory, China Academy of Engineering Physics (Grant No. 2013DB01), and the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2010CB833104).

  8. Ultrahigh energy cosmic ray probes of large scale structure and magnetic fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sigl, Guenter; Miniati, Francesco; Ensslin, Torsten A.

    2004-01-01

    We study signatures of a structured universe in the multi-pole moments, auto-correlation function, and cluster statistics of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays above 10 19 eV. We compare scenarios where the sources are distributed homogeneously or according to the baryon density distribution obtained from a cosmological large scale structure simulation. The influence of extragalactic magnetic fields is studied by comparing the case of negligible fields with fields expected to be produced along large scale shocks with a maximal strength consistent with observations. We confirm that strongly magnetized observers would predict considerable anisotropy on large scales, which is already in conflict with current data. In the best fit scenario only the sources are strongly magnetized, although deflection can still be considerable, of order 20 deg. up to 10 20 eV, and a pronounced GZK cutoff is predicted. We then discuss signatures for future large scale full-sky detectors such as the Pierre Auger and EUSO projects. Auto-correlations are sensitive to the source density only if magnetic fields do not significantly affect propagation. In contrast, for a weakly magnetized observer, degree scale auto-correlations below a certain level indicate magnetized discrete sources. It may be difficult even for next generation experiments to distinguish between structured and unstructured source distributions

  9. Depth dependent structure and magnetic properties and their correlation with magnetotransport in Fe/Au multilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singh, Surendra, E-mail: surendra@barc.gov.in [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India); Basu, Saibal [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India); Prajapat, C.L. [Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Gupta, M. [UGC-DAE CSR, University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 017 (India); Poswal, A.K. [Applied Spectroscopy Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India); Bhattacharya, D. [Solid State Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2014-01-01

    A detailed study on the role of interface structure and magnetism in magnetoresistance (MR) in Fe/Au multilayers has been carried out. Two series of multilayers were deposited on Si substrate by sputtering: one series with varying Fe layer thickness, t{sub Fe} = 30–100 Å, and another series with varying Au layer thickness t{sub Au} = 50–150 Å. MR measurements were done using a 4-probe technique. The multilayer interface structure and magnetic properties were studied by specular X-ray reflectometry and polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR). Details of the interface fractal morphology were obtained from diffuse X-ray reflectivity (DXRR). Bulk magnetic measurements were carried out on a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer. Change in MR can be associated with magnetic and morphological properties of Fe/Au and Au/Fe interfaces in Fe/Au multilayer samples as obtained by reflectometry. Large MR is also associated to interfaces with larger magnetization, large in-plane correlation length and higher Hurst parameter, obtained from PNR and DXRR. - Highlights: • Structure and morphology of interfaces in Fe/Au multilayers studied. • Experimental evidence of correlation between magnetoresistance and interface morphology. • Interface magnetic moment is an important parameter to decide the magnetoresistance.

  10. Structural and magnetic changes in MgO-based magnetic tunneling junctions during the early stages of annealing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, G. I. R.; Wei, H.-X.; Porter, N. A.; Arena, D. A.; Dvorak, J.; Han, X.-F.; Marrows, C. H.

    2010-03-01

    We have studied the effects of the initial stages of the annealing on magnetic tunnel junctions with MgO barriers and CoFeB electrodes. We report changes in the resistance-voltage characteristics and tunneling magnetoresistance for patterned transport junctions, and correlate these with the observed changes in the structural and magnetic interface morphologies determined by soft X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from sheet films from the same wafer. An important feature of our experiment was that all measurements were carried out within the soft X-ray diffractometer on samples from the same wafer subjected to simultaneous annealing cycles, so that our magnetotransport and scattering data are directly comparable. The as-grown junction showed a tunneling magnetoresistance ratio of 5.5%, and a specific barrier resistance of 85.6 kΩ μm2. A 200C anneal for 1 h resulted in a small rise in barrier resistance and magnetoresistance coupled with a smoothing of the magnetic interfaces, consistent with the healing of barrier defects and removal of tunneling hot-spots. A subsequent 300C anneal for a further hour resulted in further smoothing, and a rise in the magnetoresistance ratio to 72%, and a much weaker dependence of the parallel state resistance upon voltage bias, indicating the development of (0 0 1) crystallographic texture in the electrodes. Annealing to 325C yielded a further decrease in magnetic interface width (the quadrature sum of roughness and intermixing length scales). The reduction in interface width for Co species occurred at higher temperatures than for Fe throughout the experiments.

  11. Structural and magnetic changes in MgO-based magnetic tunneling junctions during the early stages of annealing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anderson, G.I.R.; Wei, H.-X.; Porter, N.A.; Arena, D.A.; Dvorak, J.; Han, X.-F.; Marrows, C.H.

    2010-01-01

    We have studied the effects of the initial stages of the annealing on magnetic tunnel junctions with MgO barriers and CoFeB electrodes. We report changes in the resistance-voltage characteristics and tunneling magnetoresistance for patterned transport junctions, and correlate these with the observed changes in the structural and magnetic interface morphologies determined by soft X-ray resonant magnetic scattering from sheet films from the same wafer. An important feature of our experiment was that all measurements were carried out within the soft X-ray diffractometer on samples from the same wafer subjected to simultaneous annealing cycles, so that our magnetotransport and scattering data are directly comparable. The as-grown junction showed a tunneling magnetoresistance ratio of 5.5%, and a specific barrier resistance of 85.6kΩμm 2 . A 200 deg. C anneal for 1 h resulted in a small rise in barrier resistance and magnetoresistance coupled with a smoothing of the magnetic interfaces, consistent with the healing of barrier defects and removal of tunneling hot-spots. A subsequent 300 deg. C anneal for a further hour resulted in further smoothing, and a rise in the magnetoresistance ratio to 72%, and a much weaker dependence of the parallel state resistance upon voltage bias, indicating the development of (001) crystallographic texture in the electrodes. Annealing to 325 deg. C yielded a further decrease in magnetic interface width (the quadrature sum of roughness and intermixing length scales). The reduction in interface width for Co species occurred at higher temperatures than for Fe throughout the experiments.

  12. Complex structure of triangular graphene: electronic, magnetic and electromechanical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezawa, Motohiko

    2012-01-01

    We have investigated electronic and magnetic properties of graphene nanodisks (nanosize triangular graphene) as well as electromechanical properties of graphene nanojunctions. Nanodisks are nanomagnets made of graphene, which are robust against perturbation such as impurities and lattice defects, where the ferromagnetic order is assured by Lieb's theorem. We can generate a spin current by spin filter, and manipulate it by a spin valve, a spin switch and other spintronic devices made of graphene nanodisks. We have analyzed nanodisk arrays, which have multi-degenerate perfect flat bands and are ferromagnet. By connecting two triangular graphene corners, we propose a nanomechanical switch and rotator, which can detect a tiny angle rotation by measuring currents between the two corners. By making use of the strain induced Peierls transition of zigzag nanoribbons, we also propose a nanomechanical stretch sensor, in which the conductance can be switched off by a nanometer scale stretching.

  13. Preparation and magnetic properties of the Sr-hexaferrite with foam structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerrero, A.L., E-mail: azdlobo@gmail.com [Instituto de Física-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Facultad de Ingeniería-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Espericueta, D.L. [Facultad de Ingeniería-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Facultad de Ciencias-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Palomares-Sánchez, S.A. [Facultad de Ciencias-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico); Elizalde-Galindo, J.T. [Instituto de Ingeniería y Tecnología-UACJ, Av. Plutarco Elías Calles 1210, Fovissste Chamizal, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (Mexico); Watts, B.E [IMEM-CNR, Parco Area delle Scienze 37/A, 43124 Parma (Italy); Mirabal-García, M. [Instituto de Física-UASLP, Álvaro Obregón 64, Centro. San Luis Potosí, S.L.P. (Mexico)

    2016-12-01

    This work reports an optimal way to fabricate strontium hexaferrite with porous-reticulated structure using a variation of the replication technique and taking two different precursors, one obtained from the coprecipitation and the other from the ceramic method. Changes made to the original replication technique include the addition of Arabic gum as binder, and the addition of ethylene glycol to form the ceramic sludge. In addition, some parameters such as the relation between solid material and liquid phase, the quantity of binder and the heat treatment were varied to obtain high quality magnetic foams. Two polymeric sponges were used as patterns, one with average pore size of 300 μm diameter and the other with 1100 μm. The characterization of the samples included the analysis of the structure and phase purity, the magnetic properties, the remanence properties, magnetic interactions and the microstructural characteristics. Results indicate that both, the powder precursors and the polymeric pattern play an important role in the configuration of the foam structure and this configuration has an important influence on the dipolar interactions which tend to demagnetize the samples. In addition, it was analyzed the behavior between the minimum value of the δM curves and the hysteresis properties. - Highlights: • New way to obtain Sr-hexaferrite with foam structure and high magnetic performance. • Relation between pore structure and the magnetic properties in ceramic foams. • Analysis of magnetostatic interactions with the magnetism of Sr-hexaferrite foams. • Relation between microstructural characteristics and the magnetization of the foams.

  14. Core-shell structure and magnetic properties of magnetite magnetic fluids stabilized with dextran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xu, X.Q.; Shen, H.; Xu, J.R.; Xu, J.; Li, X.J.; Xiong, X.M.

    2005-01-01

    The adsorption process of different dextran molecules onto the surface of in water dispersed magnetite nanoparticles has been investigated to optimize the preparation of magnetite magnetic fluids (MMFs). An average magnetite core size of 7.1 nm was found by X-ray diffraction and that of 8 nm was found by transmission electron microscopy for the samples prepared at 90 deg. C. An average hydrodynamic diameter of 25 nm was observed by scanning electron microscopy and that of 25-300 nm was obtained by photon correlation spectroscopy. The dextran was adsorbed by physical adsorption, a molecular weight of 20 kDa gave the best stability of these MMFs. The shell layer of the particles was weakly negatively charged in buffer solutions of pH values between 5.5 and 9.5. The particles seem to be mainly stabilized by sterical repulsion. The maximum available saturation magnetization of the MMFs was 3.5 kA/m

  15. Electronic structure and magnetic properties of the ThCo4B compound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Benea, D.; Pop, V.; Isnard, O.

    2008-01-01

    Detailed theoretical investigations of the electronic and magnetic properties of the newly discovered ThCo 4 B compound have been performed. The influence of the local environment on the magnitude of the Co magnetic moments is discussed by comparing the magnetic and electronic properties in the ThCo 4 B, YCo 4 B and ThCo 5 systems. All theoretical investigations of the electronic and magnetic properties have been done using the Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker (KKR) band-structure method in the ferromagnetic state. Very good agreement of the calculated and the experimental magnetic moments is obtained. Larger exchange-splitting is observed on the 2c site which carries by far the largest magnetic moment. Comparison of the band structure calculation for ThCo 5 and ThCo 4 B reveals that the presence of boron in the Co 6i site environment induces a broadening of the electronic bands as well as a significant reduction of the exchange-splitting and a diminution of the DOS at the Fermi level. These differences are attributed to the hybridization of the boron electronic states to the cobalt 3d ones. The calculated magnetic moment is 1.94μ B /formula unit. A large difference on the magnetic moment magnitude of the two Co sites is observed since 1.30 and 0.27μ B /atom are calculated for the 2c and 6i sites, respectively. The orbital contribution is found to differ by almost an order of magnitude on both cobalt sites. The Co magnetic moment is much smaller in the ThCo 4 B than in the YCo 4 B or RCo 4 B (where R is a rare earth) isotypes evidencing the major role played by the Th-Co bands on the electronic properties

  16. Structural analysis of the Passive Magnetic Shield for the ITER Heating Neutral Beam Injector system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cabrera, Santiago, E-mail: santiago.cabrera@ciemat.es [CIEMAT Laboratorio Nacional de Fusión, Avda. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Rincón, Esther; Ahedo, Begoña; Alonso, Javier; Barrera, Germán; Ramos, Francisco; Ríos, Luis [CIEMAT Laboratorio Nacional de Fusión, Avda. Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain); El-Ouazzani, Anass; García, Pablo [ITER Organization, Route de Vinon-sur-Verdon – CS 90 046, 13067 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex (France); Agarici, Gilbert [Fusion for Energy, Josep Pla 2, Torres Diagonal Litoral B3 – 07/08, 08019 Barcelona (Spain)

    2015-10-15

    The ITER Passive Magnetic Shield (PMS) main function is to protect the Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) from the external magnetic field coming from the tokamak, and to shield the NB cell from the radiation coming from all activated components. The shielding from the external magnetic field is performed in association with the Active Compensation Cooled Correction Coils (ACCC). The Bushing and Transmission Line (TL) PMS also provides structural support for HV bushing, allowing its maintenance and providing air sealing function between NBI cell and High Voltage deck room. The paper summarizes the structural analyses performed in order to evaluate the mechanical behaviour of the HNB PMS under operation combined with seismic event. The RCC-MR Code is used to validate the design, assuming creep is negligible, since the structure is expected to be at room temperature. P-type damage is assessed.

  17. How Cr changes the dislocation core structure of α-Fe: the role of magnetism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xu; Lu, Gang

    2013-02-27

    Cr is a critical alloying element in ferritic steels and its effect on the dislocation core structure of α-Fe is examined computationally using a quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics method. We find that Cr can significantly change the dislocation core structure of Fe where magnetism plays a crucial role. The strain-dependent magnetic interaction between Cr and the host Fe atoms is responsible for the dislocation core structure. When Cr is at the tension side of the slip plane, the Cr-Fe magnetic interaction is repulsive, which lowers the dislocation energy and pins the dislocation. When Cr occupies the compression side of the slip plane, the Cr-Fe interaction is attractive which increases the dislocation energy and promotes the dislocation to break away from Cr.

  18. A Magnetic Wheel Structure for an Omni-directional Microrobot to Limit Slip Effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiliang Jin

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available To fulfill the microassembly work successfully, an omnidirectional mobile microrobot is presented. To finish the micron size task, the positioning precision of the robot is highly important. But some unpredictable factors, especially the slip effect in wheel, would affect the precision of the robot and cause unwanted deviation. To limit the deviation and optimize the positioning performance of the robot, a new wheel structure is designed. The design of the new wheel is based on magnetic principle while considering the potential problems brought by the magnetic units. With nonlinear dynamic analysis with slip of the microrobot and simulations based on it, the slippage effect is shown to be limited a lot with the application of new wheel structure. And following experiments are executed to verify the optimization brought by the magnetic wheel structure.

  19. A Magnetic Wheel Structure for an Omni-Directional Microrobot to Limit Slip Effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiliang Jin

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available To fulfill the microassembly work successfully, an omnidirectional mobile microrobot is presented. To finish the micron size task, the positioning precision of the robot is highly important. But some unpredictable factors, especially the slip effect in wheel, would affect the precision of the robot and cause unwanted deviation. To limit the deviation and optimize the positioning performance of the robot, a new wheel structure is designed. The design of the new wheel is based on magnetic principle while considering the potential problems brought by the magnetic units. With nonlinear dynamic analysis with slip of the microrobot and simulations based on it, the slippage effect is shown to be limited a lot with the application of new wheel structure. And following experiments are executed to verify the optimization brought by the magnetic wheel structure.

  20. Electronic band structure and magnetism of Fe16N2 calculated by the FLAPW method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Hirofumi; Harima, Hisatomo; Yamamoto, Tetsuya; Katayama-Yoshida, Hiroshi; Nakata, Yoshiyuki; Hirotsu, Yoshihiko

    2000-12-01

    Electronic band structure calculations based on the full-potential linear augmented plane-wave method have been performed for Fe16N2. The calculations are performed with the crystal parameters recently refined [H. Tanaka et al., Acta Mater. 45, 1401 (1997)] in addition to the previous reported structure [K. H. Jack, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 208, 200 (1951)]. Jack's model (J model) led to the model of Tanaka et al. (T model), where Fe atoms at the 8h site shift to N atoms along the [110] direction. The calculated average moment per Fe atom for the T model is slightly smaller than that for the J model. We cannot theoretically expect a large magnetic moment based on any Fe16N2 structure. The presence of another material that has a large magnetic moment must be considered to explain the large magnetic moment of the Fe-N system.